(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Magna charta barons and their American descendants with the pedigrees of the founders of the Order of Runnemede deduced from the sureties for the enforcement of the statutes of the Magna charta of King John"

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on Hbrary shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/| 



flnagna Cbarta Sarona 

ant> tbeir 
Hmertcan DcscenDanta 



" There is no transaction in the ancient part of our 
English history more interesting and important than the 
rise and progress^ the gradual mutation and final es- 
tablishment of the Charter of Liberties'' — William 
Blackstone. 

''''It is called Magna Charta^ not that it is great 
in quantity^ but in respect of the great importance and 
weightiness of the matter'' — Edward Coke. 



¥¥ 



'' Perhaps there is no event of the history of Eng- 
land which is more popularly remembered and referred to^ 
than the Granting of the Great Charter of King John." 
— Richard Thomson. 



\ 



Cj^e inagna Cj^arta Saronsi anli 
t^tiv 9imtvitm Bedtenlrantfif 

of tje JTounirerfi of t^e ©tier 
of 3^unnnnelre tuelruteli from 
ttft Curetted for tttt Citforrc- 
mtnt of ttft ^tatutesf of t^t 
jBajg:na Cj^arta of iltng goj^n 






Ltmb^r of tf|« 9lm«Hr«it 9ttotortr«I 9loooct«ttoit» 9li«»«rteait 9ltttf|oro 
•tttlft» ^tc; XMtor of «' A.m«rtroito of Rovol iB*or*nt" 




teae 



5-5 

^S8 



Copyright, 1898, 

BY 

CHARLES H. BROWNING. 






ITable of Content0 

PAGE 

The Story of the Magna Charta of King John 9 

The Magna Charta of King John 30 

Description of the Magna Charta 45 

runnemede 5 1 

Lists of the Magna Charta Barons 56 

Barons in arms for the Charter. 

Barons loyal to King John. 

Barons appointed Sureties. 

Relationship of the Magna Charta Sureties 61 

Memoirs of the Magna Charta Sureties 69 

Americans descended from the Sureties 133 

Founders of the Order of Runnemede 187 



Zl)c Stori? of tbe OQaona Cbarta 

of 

Itino 3obn 



^be Storis of tb^ maona Cbarta 

HS this is rather a book of the genealogies of the 
most prominent of the English Barons who pro- 
cured the great Charter of Liberty from King 
John than an essay on the Magna Charta itself, it is deemed 
only necessary to state briefly the popular grounds on which 
the Magna Charta of King John, it seems most probable, 
was demanded, and the apparent methods by which it was 
finally gained and confirmed, and to give an idea of the 
manner in which the Barons acted, according to the monk- 
ish chroniclers of the time. Those who desire to go more 
deeply into the history and trace the rise, fluctuating prog- 
ress, and permanent conclusion of this great instrument can 
find such information given with great minuteness in the 
essays of Sir William Blackstone, Sir Edward Coke, John 
Richard Green, Richard Thomson, William Chadwick, and 
others, based on the meagre information given in Roger de 
Wendover's ** Flowers of History," from which this outline 
of the accepted facts and few details connected with the 
Magna Charta has been rewritten, for it must occupy a his- 
tory of no trivial extent to show all the circumstances and 
events concerning it. 

Historians, basing their knowledge or deductions on 
the few prejudiced chroniclers of the Plantagenet period, 
differ in the details of the century of great and minor 
events leading up to and causing the final insurrection of 
the Barons; but in the main they agree that these were 

2 9 



lO THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

efforts to give the Anglo-Norman, or English nation, a cer- 
tain constitution. Therefore, the uprising of the Barons 
in 1 2 14-15 maybe termed the culmination of desire for a 
tangible form of government The spirit of enlightenment 
was upon them, and their eyes were wide open to the abuse 
of kingly power, and the outcome was the Magna Charta, 
the first great public act of the English nation after it real- 
ized its own identity. 

In the century since the conquest of England the de- 
scendants of the conquerors had learned that the laws of the 
conquered, instituted by equity, had been supplanted by 
only the old-time arbitrary will of the Norman kings, and, 
although they had never enjoyed the blessings of a constitu- 
tional monarchy, they had, by association with those who in 
a measure had, come to see their virtues, or, at least, those 
of the code of Saxon laws, as formed by the Confessor. 
Therefore, from the conquest of England there had been a 
struggle between those who sought to enforce the feudal ex- 
actions which the Normans had learned and been accus- 
tomed to in France, and those who attempted to resist the 
innovations and to hold to old Saxon customs. At first it 
was a contest between the monarch, with his Norman fol- 
lowing on one side, and the Saxon population, the con- 
quered race, on the other. But when the leading Norman 
Barons had been won over to the Saxon ideas, to gain the 
restoration or adoption of these statutes became the en- 
deavor of these Anglo-Norman peers. Each sovereign, 
from William the Conqueror to Richard the Lion-Hearted, 
had been earnestly entreated to grant their renewal ; but if 
promises were made, they were evaded. Only once did a 
sovereign, Henry I., the lawyer, in 11 00, concede a limited 
charter for rectifying the most glaring abuses transplanted 
into England, but it was never enforced and was soon for- 
gotten. 



THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA II 

The ascent of John to the throne on Ascension Day, in 
1 1 99, was apparently pleasing to the majority of the Eng- 
lish Barons and the people generally, as his succession 
sprang out of a national choice as well as regal inheritance, 
but it was claimed he was handicapped from the start by a 
few discontented ecclesiastics, who were sufficiently influen- 
tial to make his reign an exceedingly troublesome one to 
the end. In his coronation oath John swore that, bad laws 
being destroyed, he would substitute good ones, and exer- 
cise true justice in the kingdom of England. Therefore, 
early in his troublous reign, the propriety of a grant of 
fixed laws was the question of the day, and was championed 
by Robert Fitz-Walter, Saher de Quincey, and Eustace de 
Vesci, and these, on the part of the other Barons, kept at 
the king, persistently requesting him to give it. Therefore, 
to conciliate them, and to gain, if possible, a cessation, or 
at least a respite, from their importunities, John, like his 
predecessors, promised a restoration of those liberties the 
Barons, and very probably " the people," though they had 
no voice in the matter, so earnestly desired, — a confirmation 
of the charter of rights and liberties granted by his great- 
grandfather, Henry L, and the renewal or adoption of the 
Anglo-Saxon code. 

This promise, made at the beginning of the new reign, 
gave the Barons some hope for their performance. But the 
Barons were in error in their judgment, for, seen in the 
light of subsequent events, John, probably naturally selfish, 
was particularly jealous and solicitous of his royal prerog- 
atives, which he was certain would be curtailed by the arti- 
cles of the proposed charter. 

In the first years of his reign, John was so unfortunate as 
to lose his great Duchy of Normandy to Philip of France, 
and, while but few of the English Barons had holdings at 
the time in that country, consequently the pride of the 



12 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

nation was offended, so that the dissatisfaction with their 
king suddenly became general among his subjects. What- 
ever unpleasant opinions we may form of John's private 
character and public actions, based upon sketches of him 
which have been transmitted to us by the monks of his day, 
we must admit that he was attentive to the work of admin- 
istration, quick to discern the difficulties of his position, and 
inexhaustible in the resources with which he met them, and 
the charge of incapacity against him cannot be sustained. 

Upon his return to England after the loss of Normandy, 
in 1204, John's whole energies were bent to recover his lost 
dominions ; but at the very outset he discovered the spirit 
of national freedom which had sprung up in England during 
his absence, and his project was thwarted by his chief coun- 
cillors, Primate Hubert Walter representing the Church and 
William Marshall, Sr., the peerage. John at once braced 
himself to a struggle which he felt was coming. An unex- 
pected chance to strengthen his position came with the 
sudden death of the primate. He brought about the elec- 
tion, to fill the vacancy, of one whom he could deal with and 
trust, but an opposition candidate had been defeated, and, 
as the election had to be ratified by the Pope, both claimants 
appealed to Rome, and the Pope quashed both elections 
and commanded the English monks to elect Cardinal 
Stephen Langton, then a stranger to England, to the archi- 
episcopal see of Canterbury and Primate of England, which 
was done. The decision was a startling one to King John, 
for it revealed the Pope's power and ambitions. It was at 
once a usurpation of the rights of the Church and of the 
crown. John immediately protested and then resisted, but 
Langton was consecrated primate in June, 1207, by the 
Pope, who threatened the realm with interdict if the cardi- 
nal was excluded from his see, as John had refused to rec- 
ognize him. But the Pope found John hard to control. He 



THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA 1 3 

replied by a counter-threat that the interdict would be fol- 
lowed by the banishment of the clergy. Pope Innocent 
considered himself and his high office insulted, and, as he 
was not a man to draw back from his purpose, the interdict 
he had threatened fell upon England in March, 1 207-8. To 
John's impiety and rebellion against the authority of the 
Church can be attributed the picture of his shameless char- 
acter and wickedness drawn by the priests, the only ''his- 
torians" of those days whose works have come down to us, 
and who were the only ** authorities" followed by modern 
biographers until the recent printing of the national records 
of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries made them gen- 
erally accessible, and many of the important statements of 
the monks regarding King John were refuted by his official 
records. 

After a year, John giving no sign of yielding to his 
authority, the Pope excommunicated him personally, but 
this only increased his opposition and defiance, and the re- 
sult was that the Church changed its attitude and became 
the ally of the Barons in their struggle for betterment of 
the laws and the curtailment of the powers of the king, for 
the acts of Rome after the confirmation of the Magna 
Charta show clearly that Pope Innocent III. was in fact 
never very hostile to English freedom. Here we get the 
best impression of the king. He stood alone, with his 
nobles estranged from him and the Church against him. 
His strength seemed utterly unbroken. He was uncon- 
quered, standing at bay, defiant alike to his Barons as to 
the Church. So years passed by and John was as unyield- 
ing and as unmindful of his promise, virtually to curtail his 
own authority, as had been any Norman predecessor on 
the English throne, and instead greatly increased the royal 
levies and other burdens. 

The Barons began to lose patience with him and then to 



14 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

devise ways to force him to keep his promise. They sys- 
tematized their procedure, and, by the spring of the year 
1 2 1 3, they had become so organized and powerful that the 
king was almost alone in his glory and almost powerless, 
but still obstinate, and was driven to desperation, as a war 
was pending between England and France. At this junc- 
ture, when he summoned the Barons to his aid, at mid-Lent, 
1 2 1 3, they refused to attend him to defend the kingdom, — 
first, because he had not kept his promise to them in regard 
to the Charter, and, secondly, because he was an excom- 
municated man and his kingdom was still under the papal 
interdict for having banished his ecclesiastics, — Cardinal 
Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, and his 
monks, — who failed to respond to his will in 1 207. 

Upon this John made what has been termed by some a 
bold and statesman-like move, but others claim it was the 
Pope's doing, for, as spiritual head of Christendom, he could 
remove an excommunicated ruler from his throne who, by 
the law of the Church, had ceased to be a Christian, and 
take crown to himself, or confer it on one of his selection. 
However, the facts are, John recalled his banished prelates 
and Barons, and petitioned the Pope to remove his excom- 
munication and the interdict he had brought upon his king- 
dom ; the price of this being that he assign, grant, and con- 
vey his entire kingdom and revenues to the Pope, and to 
receive back and hold his inheritance as ** vicegerent," or 
tenant-in-chief of the realm, under the Church of Rome, at 
a nominal annual rental of seven hundred marks for Eng- 
land and three hundred marks for Ireland. This bargain 
being concluded, the transfer of the crown of England was 
made by contract, dated May 13, 12 13.* 

* Because of this particular transaction between King John and Pope Inno- 
cent III., it is argued that John then became only a tenant-in-chief or free- 
holder — a vassal— of the Church of Rome, and paid rent to it for his tenement, 




THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA 1 5 

By this transaction, a political measure, the success of 
which was immediate and complete, John protected his 
kingdom from French invasion, as it was then "Church 
property," and the faithful were strictly forbidden to tres- 
pass, — a scheme of defence which was pursued by England 
for one hundred and fifty years. But the interdict was not 
removed until June 29, 1214, by solemn ceremony at the 
cathedral church of St. Paul, London, it having remained as 
a security for John's fulfilling the terms of his agreement 
with the Pope, and John was not formally absolved from his 
excommunication until at Winchester, July 16, 12 14. Upon 
this occasion he took a solemn oath, before Cardinal Lang- 
ton, that the good laws of his ancestors, and especially those 
of Edward the Confessor, should be recalled and the evil 
ones destroyed, and that his subjects should receive justice, 
according to the upright decrees of his court, before the 
coming Easter. 

Thus was John freed from excommunication and the in- 
terdict tardily removed ; but, as he had sworn " that all cor- 
porations and private persons whom the interdict had dam- 
aged should receive full restitution of all which had been 
taken away," this delay was only disagreeable. But with 
freedom from ecclesiastic outlawry vanished all of John's 
promises, and he supposed that his Barons would not renew 
the struggle for the liberties of the Magna Charta. This 
hope was futile. 

The Barons finding that, while the country was then in a 

England, and that all his landowning or landholding subjects, Earls and Barons 
included, were only undertenants or copy-holders, according to feudal laws, 
and that this fact broke the letters-patent of the nobility, and consequently the 
baronage ceased to be peers of the realm when John transferred his crown to 
the Pope. And, further, that since Barons were only, in feudal law, copy- 
holders, they had no right to legislate at Runnemede or elsewhere, and conse- 
quently the Magna Charta granted by King John was invalid in title and 
worthless as a legal document. 



l6 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

comparatively prosperous state, abuses and excessive taxes 
were unabated. Secret meetings were held throughout Eng- 
land by the Barons and their following, and their grievances 
made common property, and all united in a firm determina- 
tion not to give the king a single man for another proposed 
invasion of France and an effort to recover Normandy. At 
this time the strongest opposition to John's martial plans 
was among his northern Barons. The great houses of de 
Lacie, de Vesci, de Percy, de Ros, and others, were thor- 
oughly English, and had no interest, excepting by tradition, 
in Normandy, and took a most decided attitude of opposition 
to his schemes. Furious at this revolt, John was preparing 
to march the royal army against the northern Barons, when 
he was dissuaded from this revengeful determination by his 
Justiciary, John Fitz-Geoffrey, who was secretly friendly to 
the Barons' cause, aided by the primate, Stephen Langton, 
also in sympathy with the Barons, who counselled the king 
to compel the northern Barons to obey him by process of 
law. 

By this time the Barons saw clearly that John was only 
temporizing with them in the matter of the Charter, so a 
general assembly of the peers and ecclesiastics was con- 
vened at St Paul's Church, London, on August 25, 1214, 
when Archbishop Langton presided and addressed them, 
bringing to mind the oath made by the king on the occasion 
of the removal of his excommunication, and then presented 
to the convention an original copy of the Charter granted 
by Henry I., which he asked them to support and accept as 
a base for needed reforms, that the long-lost liberties of 
England might be restored. This copy of the instrument 
was addressed by King Henry "to Hugh de Boclande, 
Justiciary of England, and all his faithful subjects, as well 
French as English, in Hertfordshire, greeting," and was 
witnessed by ** Maurice, Bishop of London, William, Bishop- 




THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA IJ 

elect of Winchester, Gerard of Hereford, Earl Henry, Earl 
Simon, Earl Walter Gifford, Robert de Montfort, Roger 
Bigod, and many others." The contents of this instrument, 
which had not only never been enforced, but of which all 
trace had been lost, was, after some changes, acceptable and 
incorporated in the draft of the Magna Charta. The as- 
sembly of Barons then took solemn oath in a body to de- 
fend their liberties with their lives, all feeling that the cov- 
enant then made would eternally reflect honor on their 
names. 

This was the conclusion of the first formal meeting of 
the Barons for securing, by force if necessary, the king's 
consent to the Magna Charta. From that moment die 
baronage was no longer drawn together in secret conspira- 
cies by a sense of common wrong, or a vague longing for 
common deliverance ; they had openly united in a definite 
claim of national freedom and national law. But many were 
the difficulties they had to encounter before such a conclu- 
sion of their efforts was reached, and the liberties of Magna 
Charta formed the only ostensible motive under which they 
continued to act together. 

The report of this meeting was taken by Langton to the 
king, then with his army at Northampton, and it was then 
that he and the justiciary persuaded the king to go to law 
rather than war with the northern Barons. John now be- 
came much alarmed and applied to the Pope, as a tributary, 
for aid. This gave His Holiness an opportunity he desired. 
He sent his legate at once to fully secure the Church's sov- 
ereignty in England by receiving an additional act of sub- 
mission from John. All the legate's demands were con- 
ceded, but he declined to interfere with the Barons, though 
John so requested him. This was, in fact, a second resig- 
nation of the crown by John to the Pope, and, in behalf of 
the Barons, Archbishop Langton entered a protest against 



1 8 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

the proceeding. Spiritual aid was all the benefit John de- 
rived from Rome, and excommunications were showered 
on the Barons and ecclesiastics of England, who were in 
opposition to the king and, therefore, to the Pope. 

The year 1214 continued to pass away without any ap- 
pearance of the liberties of the Magna Charta being insti- 
tuted or the old laws being recalled. John's object in 
meeting the Barons' claim by delay appears to have been 
the hope that a victory over the French, as at this juncture 
he had again carried war into their land, would turn their 
minds to foreign from domestic affairs ; but again he was 
defeated and his return forced on the crisis to which events 
had so long been drifting, for this last defeat gave strength to 
the opposition party at home, and the open resistance of the 
northern Barons encouraged the others. So on November 
20, 1 2 14, a second convention of the Barons and prelates 
was called to take place in the abbey church of Bury St. 
Edmunds, in County Suffolk, the object of which was to 
take into consideration the most effective methods for 
obtaining their demands and for compelling John to keep 
his promise. 

Archbishop Langton again presided. He read again the 
Charter of Henry I., and also a rough draft of the Charter 
desired, and, after some amendments, it was agreed to, the 
proceedings being very formal. Before adjournment the 
Barons confessed themselves annoyed and irritated in the 
extreme by the procrastinations of the king, and called on 
the presiding prelate to witness their solemn oath, which was 
in effect that the king should immediately grant and confirm 
the laws and liberties they desired by a charter under his 
seal, or that they would withdraw themselves from his 
fealty until they should gain the satisfaction they desired. 

At length it was agreed that after the ensuing Christmas, 
in 1 2 1 4, they should go to the king in a body to demand the 




THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA 1 9 

confirmation of their liberties, and that in the mean time 
they should provide themselves with horses and arms, so 
that if the king should endeavor to depart from his oath, 
put them off again with promises, or refuse their requests 
altogether, they would instantly, by capturing his castles, 
compel him to satisfy their demands. Then the Barons 
returned to their respective homes. 

This engagement was kept, and January 6, 12 14-15, a 
large delegation of the Barons appeared, fully mailed and 
armed, before the king at the New Temple, in London, and 
in distinct and resolute terms made known the wishes of 
the peers, and demanded the confirmation of the liberties 
and laws of King Edward and of Henry I. John was much 
concerned with their impetuosity and surprised at their 
military array. 

But all the Barons could get out of the king was that, as 
it was a great and difficult thing which they asked, he must 
have a respite until the end of or after Easter, April 19, 
1 21 5, for its consideration, and then, if it were in his opinion 
proper, they should receive full satisfaction, as he had 
promised in his oath of July 1 6 previous. This was an old 
story to the Barons, and the most impetuous were for keep- 
ing their oath made at St. Edmund's Bury; but, on the 
matter being canvassed, it was decided to give the king his 
wish, but to demand sureties for his promises. So John 
nominated Langton, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the 
Bishop of Ely, and William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, who 
were accepted, when these Barons returned to their homes. 

Here, then, at last, was a certain day assigned, when all 
hoped the civil contentions between the king and his sub- 
jects would finally terminate. But John, during the period 
yet allowed him, endeavored by various means to fortify 
himself against the conclusion, so long procrastinated. To 
circumvent the Barons, he caused the oath of allegiance to 



20 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

be again administered to all his subjects and the nobles to 
renew homage to him, assumed the cross in order to secure 
personal shelter under ecclesiastic protection, and yielded 
to the English prelates alone some of the liberties they con- 
tended for. 

Notwithstanding all these precautions, the king did not 
strengthen his position. Easter, April 19, arrived, and, ac- 
cording to their promise, — they always fulfilled their prom- 
ises to John, — the Barons assembled with a large, well- 
equipped army, in which there were upward of two thousand 
knights, at the town of Stamford, in Lincolnshire, Easter 
week, to receive the ratification of John's promises. The 
king was, however, they learned, awaiting their coming at 
Oxford; therefore, on Monday, April 27, the Barons 
marched and encamped at Brockley, in Northamptonshire, 
about fifteen miles from Oxford. Upon receiving a report 
of their numbers and situation, the king thought it best for 
him not to attend in person any conference with them, but 
deputed William Marshall, Sr., Earl of Pembroke, and the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, two of his sureties, to go to 
them in his behalf and to demand a further description of 
those laws and liberties which the Barons demanded, al- 
though he had repeatedly been informed of them. 

However, a schedule of the desired Charter was delivered 
to the royal messengers, who were really their friends at 
court, with the positive assurances that if the king still re- 
fused to confirm it, under his seal, the Barons were resolved 
at once to break through all the ties which had hitherto 
withheld them, and force his lingering consent by seizing 
upon his fortresses. John, upon receiving this reply, was 
much agitated, and declared that it was the Barons' wish to 
deprive him of his kingdom, but that his consent should 
never be yielded to liberties which would involve his pre- 
rogative in slavery. 




THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA 2i 

The Barons were well aware, by such a reply, which the 
royal messengers brought to them, that time would effect 
but little in their behalf, and that force alone could prosper 
their faltering cause. Accordingly they prepared to execute 
those resolutions which their message to the king had al- 
ready premised. In pursuance of their intentions they con- 
sulted together and unanimously elected Robert Fitz-Walter, 
one of their number, their leader or general, under the title 
of " Marshal of God and the Holy Church." 

Without any declaration of war or further warning, the 
Barons proceeded to carry their threat into execution. On 
May 5 they solemnly threw off their allegiance at Walling- 
ford. Their first aggressive move was to lay siege to the 
casde of Northampton. Here, however, meeting with no 
success after fifteen days' siege, as they had not prepared 
battering-engines, the baronial army, after the loss of the 
standard-bearer of Robert Fitz-Walter by a shot, withdrew 
to Bedford, where the castle, on demand, was yielded to 
them by William de Beauchamp, its owner. 

Whilst the Barons were thus openly proceeding, a secret 
plan of operations was also carrying on with the principal 
citizens of London, including the mayor, who had agreed to 
deliver up to them one of the gates of the city. Accord- 
ingly, by forced marches in the night, going through Ware, 
in Hertfordshire, the Barons arrived at London at day- 
break, Sunday, May 24, and entered the city at Aldgate, 
without any tumult, whilst the inhabitants were at church. 
The Barons, having thus got into the city, placed their own 
guards in charge of each of the gates, and then arranged all 
matters in the city at will, for the rich citizens were favorable 
to them and the poor ones were afraid to murmur against 
them, and took security from the citizens. 

Exeter and Lincoln followed the lead of London and sur- 
rendered to detachments of the baronial army ; promises of 



22 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

aid came from Scotland and Wales, and the northern Barons 
marched hastily, under the leadership of Eustace de Vesci, 
to join the others in the capital. 

King John at the time of the capture of London by the 
Barons was at Windsor, near the city, and was wholly igno- 
rant, it is presumed, of this hostile move of the Barons and 
of their intention to besiege his strongest fortress, the Tower 
of London. It appears from his Itinerary, made up from 
his dated official documents, that John continued at Windsor 
till June 3, and then went to Odiham, and was at Winchester 
until the 8th, and from there went to Merton, in Surrey, and 
was back again at Odiham on the 9th, whence he returned 
to Windsor, where he had his head-quarters during the 
meetings with the Barons at Runnemede until June 26, 
when he went to Winchester, where he remained until July. 

The advantages the Barons had now gained were made 
use of by them to gather to themselves as many as possi- 
ble of the Barons who had retained their allegiance to the 
king, and those others who had up to this remained neutral. 
So, while preparations for the siege of the Tower were being 
made, circular letters were sent to the nearest, demanding 
their assistance in the interests of the Magna Charta, and 
assuring them of the heaviest vengeance on their estates 
and castles if they refused. The result was that the neutral 
peers, with their armed followers, joined the baronial army, 
and some of John's friends left his cause, deeming it 
hopeless. 

John's situation was now trying in the extreme. Virtu- 
ally powerless, with nearly his whole baronage and subjects 
of all degrees in arms against him, the pleas of the ex- 
chequer and of the sheriff's courts stopped through the 
realm because there was no one to make a valuation for the 
king, he surrendered almost without striking a blow in de- 
fence. He sent from Winchester, on June 7, William Mar- 




THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA 23 

shall, Earl of Pembroke, as a royal messenger to the Barons 
in the city to declare his readiness to accede to their de- 
mands, and expressed his willingness that an early period 
be assigned for the conclusion and ratification of the Magna 
Charta. The Barons returned for answer, by the Earl of 
Pembroke, that they would wait upon him with the Charter 
on Tuesday, June 9, outside of the city, on what was known 
as Council Meadow, or Runnemede, on the bank of the river 
Thames. John issued his writ of safe-conduct to the Barons, 
dated June 8, at Merton, and they at once withdrew their 
army from the city and encamped upon this meadow to 
await him. But that night John sent a messenger deferring 
the meeting till the Monday following. So the Barons again 
had to await his pleasure. 

On Trinity Monday, June 15 (O.S.), King John came out 
from the city, attended by Langton and Marshall and a few 
supporters, and occupied the royal tent on Runnemede. 
He was astonished at the baronial array, and saw it would 
be folly to retract or temporize again. The chief Barons 
went into the royal tent. Preliminaries having been ar- 
ranged and carried out, ceremony was dispensed with and 
the business was quickly and firmly arranged. The en- 
grossed copy of the Magna Charta was read over by the 
Earl of Pembroke to the king and compared with the 
schedule and articles already submitted to John, and spread 
before him for his final act. There was almost breathless 
silence in the royal tent and in the great multitude without 
whilst the king confirmed the Magna Charta by a solemn 
oath and placed his seal to the precious instrument, June 15, 
121 5, in the seventeenth year of his reign, and then was 
heard, even to London, a great shout of victory. 

The original schedule of the principal liberties contained 
in the Magna Charta, preparatory to the final setdement of 
the more perfect instrument, was also sealed in a manner 



24 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

similar to the charter itself. The original Magna Charta 
was copied and the Great Seal of England, or the king's 
seal, attached to it and sent to all the cathedrals in the king- 
dom. 

King John now left the Barons' camp and returned to 
Windsor, while the Barons proceeded to the election of 
twenty-five of their number whose duty it should be to 
enforce the observance of all which the Magna Charta con- 
tained. Those who were intrusted with this authority were 
certainly some of the most celebrated men of their time, 
both with regard to descent, to valor, and to intellectual en- 
dowments. 

The next day it had been the intention of the Barons 
to break camp and return home, but some one raised the 
question of security. It was true, he said, that they had 
got the Charter from John, but what real and substantial 
security for his performance of the articles of the Charter 
had they ? Therefore a covenant was drawn up giving the 
Barons custody of the city and Tower of London till Au- 
gust 15 ensuing, and afterwards until the Charter should be 
carried into execution, and the king was sent for and again 
came to Runnemede and complied with the request of the 
Barons and sealed and delivered the Covenant on June 
19, four days after the confirming of the Magna Charta. 
On this day John also delivered to the twenty-five sureties 
their writs, or letters of election, as they were called, ad- 
dressed by the king to the sheriffs, etc., in the various 
counties of England. These gave the status of the sure- 
ties, indicated their authority, and provided for the election 
of twelve knights of the shire in each county who should 
have power to rectify the laws and customs of their re- 
spective counties and be responsible to the surety under 
whose care the county was. 

Before disbanding the major part of their army, the 




THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA 25 

Barons resolved to have a tournament in celebration of 
their victory. But evidently this carried with it some risk, 
as Robert Fitz- Walter issued an order to William d'Albini, 
commander in the city of London, to be very vigilant to 
keep possession of the city, as he had heard of an effort in- 
tended to be made to take possession of it for the king. 
On taking this precaution, Fitz-Walter issued an invitation 
to all his companions, saying, " We enjoin and earnestly be- 
seech you to come to the tournament [June 29] near Lon- 
don, in Staines' Wood, and at the town of Hounslow, well 
provided with horses and arms, that you may there obtain 
honor. Whoever performs well there will receive a bear, 
which a lady will send to the tournament. Farewell." 

Holinshead states: "Great reiosing was made for this 
conclusion of peace betwixt the kinge and his Barons, the 
people iudging that God had toutched the king's heart and 
mollified it, wherby happie daies were come for the relame 
of England, as though it had beene deliuered out of bond- 
age of Aegypt, but were much deceiued, for the kinge 
hauing condescended to make such grant of liberties, farre 
contrarie to his mind, was right sorrowfuU in his hearte." 
The final acts immediately connected with the Runnemede 
proceedings were John's writs dated at Runnemede, June 
23, dismissing his foreign troops, and one dated Winches- 
ter, June 27, for causing all persons to swear obedience to 
the twenty-five sureties. 

The Barons were still suspicious of John, and, although 
they held London, they thought it advisable to secure Roch- 
ester Casde, and sent William d'Albini to take possession 
of it as a garrison. But as this was a matter outside of his 
agreement with the Barons, John sent his royal troops to 
retake it, which they did only after a siege of three months, 
starving the garrison into capitulating, and d'Albini was im- 
prisoned in Corfe Casde. Why the Barons did not go 

3 



26 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

from London to the aid of d'Albini is one of the mysteries 
of the foggy historical atmosphere of these times. 

After the final adjournment of the Barons, John did all that 
he could to make the Charter a dead-letter. He prevailed on 
the Pope to annul the Magna Charta and to suspend Langton 
by bull dated September 24, and to excommunicate thirty- 
one of the Barons therein named, which bull was dated De- 
cember 16, 1215. The excommunicated were: "Those cit- 
izens of London who have been the chief promoters of the 
aforesaid crime and Robert Fitz-Walter, Saher, Earl of 
Winchester, R[obert] de Quincey, his son, G[eoffrey] de 
Mandeville, and William his brother, Robert [sic], Earl of 
Clare, and Gplbert], his son, H[umphrey], Earl of Hereford, 
R[ichard] de Percy, Eustace de Vesci, John [de Lacie], Con- 
stable of Chester, William de Mowbray, William d'Albini, 
WpUiam], his son, R[obert] de Ros, and William, his son, 
P[eter] de Brus, R[oger] de Cressy, John, his son, Ralph 
Fitz-Robert, R[oger], Earl Bigod, H[ugh], his son, Robert 
de Vere, Fulk Fitz- Warren, W[illiam] Malet, W[illiam] de 
Montacute, WpUiam] Fitz-Marshall, William de Beau champ, 
S[imon] deKime, R[oger] de Mont Begon,and Nicholas de 
Stuteville, and also several others expressed in the decree 
by name as guilty." 

John also again imported hired continental soldiers and 
committed disgraceful devastations on the Barons' English 
estates, and, to revenge and protect themselves, the Barons 
offered the crown of England to the Dauphin of France 
(subsequently King Louis VIII.), upon condition of his sup- 
plying them with an army to defeat John and his hirelings. 

In spite of papal wrath, the Dauphin landed with an army 
in England, May 21, 12 16, entered London, and was con- 
ducted by the Barons to St. Paul's, where he received their 
homage and took an oath to govern them in the manner 
they desired. The baronial cause was now attended with 



THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA 27 

rapid success, whilst that of John declined in proportion. It 
seemed as if all England, and even Scotland, declared in 
favor of Louis and the Barons. His few loyal Barons de- 
serted John to Louis, and his foreign troops left him and 
returned home. John, after this, was unfortunate in the 
field, and died, after a few days' illness, at Newark Castle, 
October 19, 1 2 1 6, in the forty-ninth year of his age, and his 
body was deposited in Worcester Cathedral. 

In a week, on October 27, a few days after John's body 
had been deposited in the cathedral with befitting cere- 
monies, the ecclesiastics and Barons friendly to the de- 
ceased king were again convened here by the Pope's 
legate, and arranged for the coronation of John's suc- 
cessor, his eldest son, Henry, then only ten years old. On 
the following morning the lad was crowned in this cathedral, 
and after this function, William Marshall, Sr., Earl of Pem- 
broke, was appointed Protector of the realm during the 
nonage of the young king. 

Almost immediately the Protector proceeded to attempt 
to rid the country of the cause for a divided baronage and 
to win the dissatisfied back to their allegiance. He re- 
cruited the royal army, and called upon all Englishmen to 
join the royal standard in a campaign against the French, 
who had gained a foothold in England. Some of the sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta — conspicuously William de For- 
tibus, William d'Albini, William Marshall, Jr., Roger de 
Montbegon, Richard de Percy, and Robert de Ros — joined 
the royal standard again, but the majority still remained 
loyal to the cause of the Charta (de Mandeville, de Vesci, 
and Roger de Mowbray were dead, and de Laci was in the 
Holy Land), as, as yet, no assurance had been given that 
it would be confirmed by the new king. In the spring the 
Protector started out to hunt up the Dauphin's army, and 
eventually chased it into the city of Lincoln, which he gal- 



28 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

lantly took by storm, killing the French commander, the 
Count de Perche, and completely annihilating his army, on 
May 19, 12 1 7, when the sureties Saher de Quincey, Henry 
de Bohun, Robert Fitz-Walter, Richard de Montfichet, Wil- 
liam de Mowbray, and Gilbert de Clare were taken pris- 
oners. Immediately afterwards the Protector took posses- 
sion of London, when terms were agreed upon allowing the 
Dauphin to take his soldiers honorably to France, and rati- 
fied on Runnemede meadow. Subsequently the Magna 
Charta, with amendments, was confirmed by the king and a 
general amnesty extended to all who had been in arms in its 
interest. 

This is the story briefly told of the Magna Charta of 
King John up to the time of Henry III. A great many of 
its stipulations refer to feudal exactions, now so long obso- 
lete that the restraints on them cease to be intelligible and 
not particularly interesting to non-professional readers ; but 
its stipulations on the supremacy of fixed principles of the 
law over the will and power of a monarch and its establish- 
ment of a common law, with trial by jury, has endeared it 
to multitudes of English-speaking people. Sir Edward Coke 
writing of it: "As the gold-finer will not out of the dust, 
threads, or shreds of gold let pass the least crum, in re- 
spect of the excellence of the metal, so ought not the learned 
reader to let pass any syllable of This Law in respect of the 
excellence of the matter." King John's Great Charter has 
the most conspicuous place in the history of all English 
charters, not only from its comparative completeness and 
that it was exacted by his Barons in arms, and was not, 
therefore, a concession carelessly conceded and readily for- 
gotten, but because this is the only charter which provided 
securities for its observance. In all subsequent charters 
and grants there was no clause similar to Section 69, the 
omission probably being occasioned by a conviction that the 




THE STORY OF THE MAGNA CHARTA 29 

provision was derogatory to the rights of the crown. How- 
ever, the circumstances under which this Charter was forced 
from the king, and the uncertainty of John's promises, prob- 
ably justified the appointment of overseers, especially, too, 
as this was to be a general change of old customs all over 
England. 

The clause in the Charter stating that if the complaints 
of the Barons were not redressed within forty days after 
they had petitioned the king, it should become their duty to 
levy war upon him, aided by the whole nation, was, in the 
opinion of nearly all critics of the Magna Charta of King 
John, most crafty and unlawful, and amounted to a permis- 
sion to commit a species of high treason under the pre- 
tence of reforming the laws, so it was omitted in succeeding 
charters from its positive illegality. After the king had left 
Runnemede he renewed this command, adding that those 
who were unwilling to swear allegiance and assist the 
Barons against the king would be compelled, by his com- 
mand, to do so ! This command was given in a formal writ, 
dated at Winchester, June 27, 121 5. 



ILhe magna Cbatta of King Sobn 

[Translated from the original copy preserved in the archives of Lincoln 

Cathedral.] 

« OHN, by the Grace of God, King of England, Lord 
(•1^ of Ireland, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and 
Earl of Anjou, to his Archbishops, Bishops, Ab- 
bots, Earls, Barons» Justiciaries, Foresters, Sheriffs, Gov- 
ernors, Officers, and to all Bailiffs, and his faithful Subjects, 
Greeting ! 

Know ye, that We, in the presence of God, and for the 
salvation of our own soul, and of the souls of all our ances- 
tors, and of our heirs, to the honor of God, and the exalta- 
tion of the Holy Church and amendment of our Kingdom, 
by the counsel of our venerable fathers, Stephen, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, Primate of all England, and Cardinal of the 
Holy Roman Church ; Henry, Archbishop of Dublin ; Wil- 
liam, of London, Peter, of Winchester, Joceline, of Bath 
and Glastonbury, Hugh, of Lincoln, Walter, of Worcester, 
William, of Coventry, and Benedict, of Rochester, Bishops ; 
Master Pandulph, our Lord the Pope's Subdeacon and 
familiar ; Brother Almeric, Master of the Knights Templar 
in England, and of these noble persons, William Mareschal, 
Earl of Pembroke ; William, Earl of Salisbury ; William, 
Earl of Warren ; William, Earl of Arundel ; Alan de Gal- 
loway, Constable of Scotland; Warin Fitzgerald, Hubert 
de Burgh, Seneschal of Poictou ; Peter Fitz-Herbert, Hugh 

de Nevil, Matthew Fitz-Herbert, ThcSmas Basset, Alan Bas- 
30 




THE MAGNA CHARTA OF KING JOHN 3 1 

set, Philip de Albiniac, Robert de Roppel, John Mareschal, 
John Fitz-Hugh, and others, our liegemen, have in the first 
place granted to GOD, and by this our present Charter, 
have confirmed, for us and our heirs forever : 

That the English Church shall be free and shall have her 
whole rights and liberties inviolable ; and we will this to be 
observed in such manner, that it may appear from thence, 
that the freedom of elections, which is reputed most requisite 
to the English Church, which we granted, and by our Char- 
ter confirmed, and obtained the Confirmation of the same, 
from our Lord, Pope Innocent the Third, before the rupture 
between us and our Barons, was of our own free will ; which 
Charter we shall observe, and we will it to be observed with 
good faith, by our heirs for ever. 

We have also granted to all the Freemen of our Kingdom, 
for us and our heirs for ever, all the underwritten Liberties, 
to be enjoyed and held by them, and by their heirs, from us 
and from our heirs : 

I. If any of our Earls or Barons, or others who hold of 
us in chief by military service, shall die, and at his death his 
heir shall be of full age, and shall owe a relief, he shall have 
his inheritance by the ancient relief; that is to say: the heir 
or heirs of an Earl, a whole Earl's Barony, for one hundred 
pounds ; the heir or heirs of a Baron, for a whole Barony, 
by one hundred pounds ; the heir or heirs of a Knight, for a 
whole Knight's Fee, by one hundred shillings at most ; and 
he who owes less, shall give less, according to the ancient 
custom of fees. 

But if the heir of any such be under age, and in ward- 
ship, when he comes to age he shall have his inheritance 
without relief and without fine. 

The warden of the land of such heir, who shall be under 
age, shall not take from the lands of the heir any but reason- 
able issues, and reasonable customs, and reasonable services, 



32 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

and that without destruction and waste of the men or 
goods. 

And if we commit the custody of any such lands to a 
Sheriff, or any other person who is bound to us for the issues 
of them, and he shall make destruction or waste upon the 
ward-lands, we will recover damages for him, and the lands 
shall be committed to two lawful and discreete men of that 
fee, who shall answer for the issues to us, or to him to whom 
we have assigned them. 

And if we shall give or sell to any one the custody on 
any such lands, and he shall make destruction or waste upon 
them, he shall lose the custody, and it shall be committed to 
two lawful and discreete men of that fee, who shall answer to 
us in like manner as it is said before. 

But the warden, as long as he hath the custody of the 
lands, shall keep up and maintain the houses, parks, war- 
rens, ponds, mills, and other things belonging to them, out 
of their issues, and shall restore to the heir, when he comes 
of full age, his whole estate, provided with ploughs and other 
implements of husbandry, according as the time of Wainage 
shall require, and the issues of the lands can reasonably 
afford. 

Heirs shall be married without disparagement, so that 
before the marriage be contracted, it shall be notified to the 
relations of the heir by consanguinity. 

II. A widow, after the death of her husband, shall imme- 
diately, and without difficulty, have her marriage and her in- 
heritance ; nor shall she give any thing for her dower, or for 
her marriage, or for her inheritance, which her husband and 
she held at the day of his death ; and she may remain in 
her husband's house forty days after his death, within which 
time her dower shall be assigned. 

No widow shall be distrained to marry herself while she 
is willing to live without a husband ; but yet she shall give 



THE MAGNA CHARTA OF KING JOHN 33 

security that she will not marry herself without our consent, 
if she hold of us, or without the consent of the lor*d of whom 
she does hold, if she hold of another. 

III. Neither we, nor our Bailiffs, will seize any lands, or rent, 
for any debt, while the chattels of the debtor are sufficient 
for the payment of the debt ; nor shall the sureties of the 
debtor be distrained, while the principal debtor is able to pay 
the debt And if the principal debtor fail in payment of the 
debt, not having wherewith to discharge it, the sureties shall 
answer for the debt ; and if they be willing, they shall have 
the lands and rents of the debtor, until satisfaction be made 
to them for the debt which they had before paid for him 
unless the principal debtor can show himself acquited 
thereof against the said sureties. 

IV. If any one hath borrowed any thing from the Jews, 
more or less, and die before that debt be paid, the debt 
shall pay no interest so long as the heir shall be under age, 
of whomsoever he may hold ; and if that debt shall fall into 
our hands, we will not take any thing except the chattel con- 
tained in the bond. 

And if any one shall die indebted to the Jews, his wife 
shall have her dower and shall pay nothing of that debt ; and 
if children of the deceased shall remain who are under age, 
necessaries shall be provided for them, according to the 
tenement which belongs to the deceased ; and out of the 
residue the debt shall be paid, saving the rights of the lords 
{of wham the lands are held\ In like manner let it be with 
debts owing others than Jews. 

V. No scutage, nor aid shall be imposed in our kingdom, 
unless by common council of our kingdom ; excepting to re- 
deem our person ; to make our eldest son a knight, and to 
marry our eldest daughter once ; and not for these [causes'] 
unless a reasonable aid shall be demanded. In like manner 
let it be concerning the aids of the City of London. 



34 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

The City of London shall have its ancient liberties, and 
its free customs, as well by land as by water. Furthermore 
we will and grant that all other Cities, and Burghs, and 
Towns, and Ports shall have their liberties and free cus- 
toms. And also to have the common council of the king- 
dom, to assess and aid, otherwise than in the three cases 
aforesaid. 

For the assessing of scutages, we will cause to be sum- 
moned the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Earls, and great 
Barons, individually, by our letters. And besides, we will 
cause to be summoned, in general, by our Sheriffs and 
Bailiffs, all those who hold of us in chief, at a certain day, 
that is to say, at a distance of forty days [before their meet- 
tng\ at the least, and to a certain place ; and in all the 
letters of summons we will express the cause of the sum- 
mons. And the summons being thus made, the business 
shall proceed on the day appointed, according to the counsel 
of those who shall be present, although all who had been 
summoned have not come. 

We will not give leave to any one, for the future, to take 
an aid of his own free-men, except for redeeming his own 
body, and for making his eldest son a knight, and for mar- 
rying once his eldest daughter, and not that unless it be a 
reasonable aid. 

VI. No one shall be distrained to do more service for a 
Knight's Fee, nor for any other free tenement, than what is 
due from thence. 

VII. Common Pleas shall not follow our court, but shall 
be held in some certain place. 

Trials upon writs of Novel Disseisin^ of Mort d'Ancestre, 
and Darrien Presentment shall not be taken but in their 
proper counties, and in this manner : — we, or our Chief Justi- 
ciary, if we are out of the kingdom, will send two Justicia- 
ries into each county, four times in the year, who, with 




THE MAGNA CHARTA OF KING JOHN 35 

four Knights of each county, chosen by the county, shall 
hold the aforesaid assizes, within the county, on the day and 
at the place appointed. And if the aforesaid assizes cannot 
be taken on the day of the county-court, let as many 
knights and freeholders, of those who were present at the 
county-court, remain behind, as shall be sufficient to do jus- 
tice, according to the great, or less importance of the 
business. 

VIII. A freeman shall not be amerced for a small offence, 
but only according to the degree of the offence, and for a 
great crime, according to the magnitude of the crime, saving 
his contenement ; a Merchant shall be amerced in the same 
manner, saving his merchandise ; and a villain shall be 
amerced after the same manner, saving to him his Wain- 
age, if he shall fall into our mercy. And none of the 
aforesaid amerciaments shall be assessed but by the oath 
of honest men of the neighborhood. Earls and Barons 
shall not be amerced but by their peers, and that only ac- 
cording to the degree of their delinquency. No Clerk 
shall be amerced for his lay-tenement, but according to the 
manner of the others as aforesaid, and not according to the 
quantity of his ecclesiastical benefice. 

IX. Neither a town, nor any person, shall be distrained to 
build bridges, or embankments, excepting those which an- 
ciendy, and of right, are bound to do it. 

X. No Sheriff, Constable, Coroners, nor other of our 
Bailiffs, shall hold pleas of our crown. 

XL All Counties and Hundreds, Trethings, and Wapen- 
takes shall be at the ancient rent, without any increase, ex- 
cepting in our Demesne-manors. 

XII. If any one holding of us a lay-fee, dies, and the 
Sheriff or our Bailiff shall show our letters-patent of sum- 
mons concerning the debt which the deceased owed to us, it 
shall be lawful for the Sheriff, or our Bailiff, to attach and 



36 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

register the chattels of the deceased, found upon his lay-fee, 
to the amount of that debt, by the view of lawful men, so 
that nothing shall be removed from thence until our debt be 
paid to us ; and the rest shall be left to the executors to 
fulfil the will of the deceased ; and if nothing be owing to 
us by him, all the chattels shall fall to the deceased saving 
to his wife and children their reasonable shares. 

XIII. If any freeman shall die intestate, his chattels shall 
be distributed by the hands of his nearest relations and 
friends, by the view of the Church, saving to every one the 
debts which the deceased owed. 

XIV. No Constable, nor Bailiff of ours, shall take the 
corn, or other goods, of any one without instantly paying him 
money for them, unless he can obtain respite from payment 
by the free will of the seller. 

XV. No Constable shall distrain any Knight to give 
money for castle-guard, if he be willing to perform it in his 
own person, or by another able man, if he cannot perform 
it himself, for a reasonable cause. And if we have carried, 
or sent him into the army, he shall be excused from castle- 
guard, according to the time that he shall be in the army by 
our command. 

XVI. No Sheriff, nor Bailiff of ours, nor any other per- 
son shall take the horses, or carts of any freeman, for the 
purpose of carriage, without the consent of the said freeman. 

XVII. Neither we, nor our Bailiffs, will take another man's 
wood, for our casdes, or other uses, unless by consent of him 
to whom the wood belongs. 

XVIII. We will not retain the lands of those who have 
been convicted of felony, excepting for one year and one 
day, and then they shall be given up to the lord of the fee. 

XIX. All wears for the future shall be quite removed out 
of the Thames and the Medway, and through all England, 
excepting upon the sea-coast. 




THE MAGNA CHARTA OF KING JOHN 37 

XX. The writ which is called Praecipe, for the future shall 
not be granted to any one of any tenement, by which a 
freeman may lose his cause. 

XXI. There shall be one measure of wine throughout 
all our kingdom, and one measure of ale, and one measure 
of com, namely, the quarter of London, and one breadth 
of dyed cloth, and of russets, and of halberjects, namely, two 
ells within the lists. Also it shall be the same with weights 
as with measures. 

XXII. Nothing shall be given, or taken for the future for 
the Writs of Inquisition for life or limb ; but it shall be 
given without charge, and not denied. 

XXIII. If any hold of us by Fee-Farm, or Socage, or 
Burgage, and hold land of another by Military Service, we 
will not have the wardship of the heir, nor of his lands, 
which are of the fee of another, on account of that Fee- 
Farm, or Socage, or Burgage ; nor will we have the cus- 
tody of the Fee-Farm, Socage or Burgage, unless the 
Fee-Farm owe Military Service. We will not have the 
wardship of the heir, nor of the lands of any one, which he 
holds of another by Military Service, on account of any 
Petty Sergeantry which he holds of us, by the service of 
giving us daggers or arrows or the like. 

XXIV. No Bailiff, for the future, shall put any man to his 
oath, upon his simple affirmation, without credible witnesses 
produced for that purpose. 

XXV. No freeman shall be seized, or imprisoned, or dis- 
possessed, or outlawed, or in any way destroyed ; nor will we 
condemn him, nor will we commit him to prison, excepting 
by the legal judgment of his peers, or by the laws of the 
land. 

XXVI. To none will we sell ; to none will we deny ; to 
none will we delay right or justice. 

XXVII. All Merchants shall have safety and security in 



38 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

coming into England, and going out of England^ and in 
staying and in travelling through England, as well by land 
as by water, to buy and sell, without any unjust exactions, 
according to ancient rights and customs, excepting in the 
time of war, and if they be of a country at war against 
us. And if such are found in our land at the beginning of 
a war, they shall be apprehended without injury of their 
bodies and goods, until it be known to us, or to our Chief 
Justiciary, how the Merchants of our country are treated 
who are found in the country at war against us ; and if ours 
be in safety there, the others shall be in safety in our land. 

XXVIII. It shall be lawful to any person, for the future, 
to go out of our kingdom, and to return, safely and securely, 
by land or by water, saving his allegiance to us, unless it be 
in time of war, for some short space, for the common good 
of the kingdom ; excepting prisoners and outlaws, according 
to the laws of the land, and of the people of the nation at 
war against us, and Merchants, who shall be treated as it is 
said above. 

XXIX. If any hold of any escheat, as of the Honor of 
Wallingford, Nottingham, Boulogne, Lancaster, or of other 
escheats which are in our land, and are Baronies, and shall 
die, his heir shall not give any other relief, nor do any other 
service to us, than he should have done to the Baron, if that 
Barony had been in the hands of the Baron ; and we will 
hold it in the same manner that the Baron held it 

XXX. Men who dwell without the Forest, shall not come, 
for the future, before our Justiciaries of the Forest on a 
common summons, unless they be parties in the plea or 
sureties for some person or persons who are attached for 
the Forest. 

XXXI. We will not make Justiciaries, Constables, Sheriffs, 
or Bailiffs, excepting of such as know the laws of the realm, 
and are well disposed to observe them. 




THE MAGNA CHARTA OF KING JOHN 39 

XXXII. AH Barons who have founded Abbeys, which they 
hold by charters from the Kings of England, or by ancient 
tenure, shall have the custody of them when they become 
vacant, as they ought to have. 

XXXIII. All Forests, which have been made in our time, 
shall be immediately disafforested ; and it shall be so done 
with Water-banks, which have been taken, or fenced-in by 
us during our reign. 

All evil customs of Forests and Warrens, and of For- 
esters and Warreners, Sheriffs and their officers. Water- 
banks and their keepers, shall be immediately inquired into 
by twelve Knights of the same county, upon oath, who 
shall be elected by good-men of the same county; and 
within forty days after the inquisition is made, they shall be 
altogether destroyed by them never to be restored; pro- 
vided that this be notified to us before it be done, or to our 
Justiciary, if we be not in England. 

XXXIV. We will immediately restore all hostages and 
charters, which have been delivered to us by the English, in 
security of the peace and of their faithful service. 

XXXV. We will remove from their bailiwicks the rela- 
tions of Gerard d'Athyes, so that, for the future, they shall 
have no bailiwick in England, [a/so] Engelard de Cygony, 
Andrew, Peter and Gyone de Chancell, Gyone de Cygony, 
Geoffrey de Martin, and his brothers, Philip Mark, and his 
brothers, and Geoffrey, his nephew, and all their followers. 
And immediately after the conclusion of the peace, we will 
remove out of the kingdom all foreign knights, cross-bow 
men, and stipendiary soldiers, who have come with horses 
and arms to the molestation of the kingdom. 

XXXVI. If any one hath been disseised, or dispossessed 
by us, without a legal verdict of his peers, of his lands, 
castles, liberties, or rights, we will immediately restore these 
things to him ; and if any dispute shall arise on this head. 



40 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

then it shall be determined by a verdict of the twenty-five 
Barons, of whom mention is made below, for the security of 
the peace. Concerning all those things of which any one 
hath been disseised, or dispossessed, without legal verdict of 
his peers, by King Henry, our father, or King Richard, our 
brother, which we have in our hand, or others hold with our 
warrants, we shall have respite, until the common term of 
the Croisaders, excepting those concerning which a plea 
has been moved, or an inquisition taken, by our precept, 
before our taking the Cross ; but as soon as we shall return 
from our expedition, or if, by chance, we should not go 
upon our expedition, we will immediately do complete 
justice therein. 

The same respite will we have, and the same justice shall 
be done, concerning the disafforestation of the forests, or 
the forests which remain to be disafforested, which Henry, 
our father, or Richard, our brother, have afforested ; and 
[/Ae same] concerning the wardship of lands which are in 
another's fee, but the wardship of which we have hitherto 
had, occasioned by any of our fees held by Military Service ; 
and for the abbeys founded in any other fee than our own, 
in which the Lord of the fee hath claimed a right; and 
when we shall have returned, or if we shall stay from our 
expedition, we shall immediately do complete justice in all 
these pleas. 

XXXVII. No man shall be apprehended, or imprisoned 
on the appeal of a woman, for the death of any other man 
than her husband. 

XXXVIII. All fines that have been made by us unjusdy, 
or contrary to the laws of the realm ; and all amerciaments 
that have been imposed unjusdy, or contrary to the laws of 
the realm, shall be wholly remitted, or ordered by the verdict 
of the twenty-five Barons, of whom mention is made below, 
for the security of the peace, or by the verdict of the greater 




THE MAGNA CHARTA OF KING JOHN 4 1 

part of them, together with the aforesaid Stephen, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, if he can be present, and others 
whom he may think fit to bring with him ; and if he cannot 
be present, the business shall proceed, notwithstanding, with- 
out him, but so, that if one, or more, of the aforesaid twenty- 
five Barons have a similar plea, let them be removed from 
that particular trial, and others elected and sworn by the 
residue of the same twenty-five, be substituted in their room, 
only for that trial. 

XXXIX. If we have disseised, or dispossessed any Welsh- 
men of their lands, or liberties, or other things, without a 
legal verdict of their peers, in England, or in Wales, they 
shall be immediately restored to them ; and if any dispute 
shall arise upon this head, then let it be determined in the 
Marches by the verdict of their peers : for a tenement of 
England, according to the law of England ; for a tenement 
of Wales, according to the law of Wales ; for a tenement 
of the Marches, according to the law of the Marches. The 
Welsh shall do the same to us and to our subjects. Also 
concerning those things of which any Welshman hath been 
disseised, or dispossessed without the legal verdict of his 
peers, by King Henry, our father, or King Richard, our 
brother, which we have in hand, or others hold with our war- 
rant, we shall have respite, until the common term of the 
Croisaders, excepting for those concerning which a plea hath 
been moved, or an inquisition made, by our precept, before 
our taking the Cross. But as soon as we shall return from 
our expedition, or if, by chance, we should not go upon our 
expedition, we shall immediately do complete justice therein, 
according to the laws of Wales, and the parts thereof. We 
will immediately deliver up the son of Llewellyn and all the 
hostages of Wales, and release them from their engage- 
ments which were made with us, for the security of the peace. 

XL. We shall do to Alexander, king of Scotland, con- 

4 



42 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

ceming the restoration of his sisters and hostages, and 
his liberties and rights, according to the form in which we 
act to our other Barons of England, unless it ought to be 
otherwise by the charters which we have from his father, 
William, the late king of Scodand ; and this shall be by the 
verdict of his peers in our court. 

All these customs and liberties aforesaid, which we have 
granted to be held in our kingdom, for so much of it as 
belongs to us, all our subjects, as well clergy as laity, shall 
observe towards their tenants as far as concerns them. 

Since we have granted all these things aforesaid, for GOD, 
and for the amendment of our kingdom, and for the better 
extinguishing of the discord which has arisen between us 
and our Barons, we, being desirous that these things should 
possess entire and unshaken stability forever, give and 
grant to them the security underwritten ; namely, that the 
Barons may elect twenty-five Barons of the kingdom, whom 
they please, who shall, with their whole power, observe, keep 
and cause to be observed, the peace and liberties which we 
have granted to them, and have confirmed by this, our pres- 
ent Charter, in this manner : that is to say, if we, or our 
Justiciary, or our Bailiffs, or any of our officers, shall have 
injured any one in anything, or shall have violated any article 
of the peace or security, and the injury shall have been 
shown to four of the aforesaid twenty-five Barons, the said 
four Barons shall come to us, or to our Justiciary, if we be 
out of the kingdom, and making known to us, the excess 
committed, petition that we cause that excess to be redressed 
without delay. 

And if we shall not have redressed the excess, or, if we 
have been out of the kingdom, our Justiciary shall not have 
redressed it within the term of forty days, computing from 
the time when it shall have been made known to us, or to 
our Justiciary, if we have been out of the kingdom, the 




THE MAGNA CHARTA OF KING JOHN 43 

aforesaid four Barons shall lay that cause before the residue 
of the twenty-five Barons, and they, the twenty-five Barons, 
with the community of the whole land, shall distress and 
harass us by all the means in which they are able ; that is 
to say, by the taking of our castles, land, and possessions, 
and by [/f^y] other means in their power until the excess 
shall have been redressed, according to their verdict ; saving 
[karmUss] our person and [/fe j^soms] of our Queen and 
children ; and when it hath been redressed, they shall behave 
to us as they have done before. 

Whoever of our land pleaseth, may swear that he will 
obey the commands of the aforesaid twenty-five Barons, in 
accomplishing all the things aforesaid, and that with them 
he will harass us to the utmost of his power ; and we will 
publicly and freely give leave to every one to swear who 
is willing to swear ; and we will never forbid any to swear. 
But all those of our land, who, of themselves, and of their 
own accord, are unwilling to swear to the twenty-five Barons, 
to distress and harass us [lo^'eiAer] with them, we will 
compel them by our conunand, to swear as aforesaid. 

If any one of the twenty-five Barons shall die, or remove 
out of the land, or in any other way shall be prevented from 
executing the things above said, they who remain of the 
twenty-five Barons shall elect another in his place, accord- 
ing to their own pleasure, who shall be sworn in the same 
manner as the rest 

In all those things which are appointed to be done by 
these twenty-five Barons, if it happen that all the twenty- 
five have been present, and have differed in their opinions 
about anything ; or if some of them who had been sum- 
moned, would not, or could not be present, that which the 
greater part of those who were present, shall have provided 
and decreed, shall be held as firm and as valid as if all the 
twenty-five had agreed in it. 



44 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

The aforesaid twenty-five [^Barons] shall swear, that they 
will faithfully observe, and with all their power, cause to be 
observed, all the things mentioned above. 

We will obtain nothing from any one, by ourselves, nor 
by another, by which any of these concessions and liberties 
may be revoked, or diminished. And if any such thing shall 
have been obtained, let it be void and null ; and we will 
never use it, neither by ourselves, nor by another. 

We have fully remitted and pardoned to all men, all the 
ill-will, rancour, and resentments, which have arisen between 
us and our subjects, both clergy and laity, from the com- 
mencement of the discord. Moreover, we have fully re- 
mitted to all the clergy and laity, and, as far as belongs to 
us, have fully pardoned all transgressions committed by 
occasion of the said discord, from Easter, in the sixteenth 
year of our reign, until the conclusion of the peace. And, 
moreover, we have caused to be made to them testimonial- 
letters of the Lord Stephen, Archbishop of Canterbury, the 
Lord Henry, Archbishop of Dublin, and of the aforesaid 
Bishops, and of Master Pandulph, concerning this security 
and the aforesaid concessions. 

Wherefore our will is, and we firmly command that the 
Church of England be free, and that the men in our king- 
dom have and hold the aforesaid liberties, rights and con- 
cessions, well and in peace, freely and quietly, fully and en- 
tirely, to them and their heirs, of us and our heirs, in all 
things and places, for ever as is aforesaid. 

It is also sworn, both on our part, and on that of the Barons, 
that all the aforesaid shall be observed in good faith, and 
without any evil intention. 

Witnessed by the above, and many others. 

Given by our hand in the meadow which is called Runne- 

mede, between Windsor and Staines, this fifteenth day of 

June, in the seventeenth year of our reign. 

[seal] 




Zbe fl^agna Cbatta Bescribeb 

i^^t^HE following descriptions of the series of English 
■ J[^ Charters of Liberties, which are now extant in 
any form, granted before and immediately after 
the time of King John, have been compiled from authentic 
sources, with the intent of giving a general idea of their 
appearance. A compilation of the preserved fragments of 
the ancient Anglo-Saxon Statutes can be found in Dr. 
Wilkins's " Leges Anglo-Saxonicae." 

The first separate Charter, properly so called, issued for 
the restoration of the early Common Law of England, was 
the one granted about a.d. i ioo by King Henry I., which 
was the foundation of King John's Magna Charta and all 
Charters of Liberties that succeeded. Of this Charter, en- 
tided "The Institutions of King Henry," the earliest text 
appears now to be preserved in the ancient manuscript, in 
the Chartulary at Rochester, entitled " Textus Roffensis," 
compiled by the bishop of that see, between 1116 and 1125. 

Stephen, Earl of Blois, the successor to Henry I., when 
he took his coronation oath, December 26, 1135, made the 
terms of it almost equivalent to a Charter of Liberties, and 
subsequently, in the first year of his reign, secured the lib- 
erties, principally ecclesiastical, which he had promised by 
two proper instruments. One of these interesting relics of 
English history is preserved in the archives of Exeter Ca- 
thedral, with part of the Great Seal still remaining attached 
to it The parchment containing it measures ten and five- 

45 



46 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

eighths by four and seven-eighths inches. The seal of King 
Stephen is attached to a thin cord, and the Latin script is 
comprised in nineteen lines of a small kind of Norman run- 
ning-hand, with numerous contractions. 

King Stephen violated every article in this Charter, which 
caused his Barons to revolt from their allegiance, forfeit 
their estates, and the whole realm become involved in a civil 
war for the remainder of his reign. The other Charter of 
Liberties granted by this sovereign was very brief, also writ- 
ten in Latin, without date, and is preserved in an ancient 
entry in the Cottonian MSS. 

King Henry II. made no promises concerning charters and 
liberties which had so much involved his predecessors. To 
restore tranquillity to his kingdom, he convened the Na- 
tional Assembly at Wallingford, when it was decreed that 
the ancient laws of England should be restored, and he also 
confirmed the Charter of his grandfather, Henry I., a copy 
of which confirmation is preserved in the Red Book of the 
Exchequer. In 1 1 75, Henry II. again confirmed the common 
laws of King Edward the Confessor, after which all great 
proceedings upon the Charters of Liberties were suspended 
until the time of King John, since the Barons were too much 
occupied with foreign wars in the reign of Richard I. 

In the second year of his reign commenced the disputes 
between King John and the clergy, which in 1 207 laid the 
whole kingdom under an interdict, and lasted till in 12 14, 
when it terminated in the resignation of his crown to the 
Pope and the granting of his first Charter, giving an absolute 
freedom in the choice of prelates for England. This Char- 
ter was " Given at the New Temple, by die hand of Master 
Robert de Marsh, our Chancellor, the 21st day of Novem- 
ber," and was witnessed by Peter de Rupibus, William 
Marshall, Sr., William de Warren, Ralph de Meschines, 
Saher de Quincey, Geoffrey de Mandeville, William de 



THE MAGNA CHARTA DESCRIBED 47 

Ferrers, William de Briwere, Warine Fitz-Gerald, William 
de Cantilupe, Hugh de Nevill, Roger de Vere, and William 
de Huntingfield. An ancient copy of this Charter is pre- 
served in the Register-books in the archives of Canterbury 
Cathedral. The Pope confirmed this Charter March 30, 

1215- 
An undoubted original of the articles or rough draught 

of the Magna Charta containing the heads of the statutes 
incorporated into the Magna Charta of King John, with a 
fragment of the Great Seal in brown wax still suspended 
to the lower part by a parchment label, is preserved in the 
Library of the British Museum. It is pasted on muslin and 
preserved beneath a frame and glass in the room containing 
the Royal Library, No. VII. These articles are in Latin, 
written on a skin of parchment, eighty-nine inches long, 
and measure ten and three-quarters inches in breadth by 
twenty-one and one-half inches in length, inclusive of the 
fold for receiving the label. The seal is considerably dam- 
aged, but the script is well preserved, excepting some 
letters which have been worn out by the creases in the 
parchment. The character is a very small Norman run- 
ning-hand, with many contractions, generally the same 
throughout the whole, though some parts appear to have 
been added some short time subsequent to the rest, in a 
more hasty hand, as if done upon more mature deliberation. 
It is believed that the original of the Magna Charta, that 
which was first actually drawn into form, and upon which 
King John placed his seal at the meadow of Runnemede, 
the original whence all the perfect copies were made for 
distribution throughout the realm, is the one preserved in 
the Cottonian Library in the British Museum, because of its 
deficiency in several words and sentences which are added 
for insertion beneath the instrument, while the other few 
copies extant have not this probable proof of originality. 



48 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

This celebrated instrument is written in Latin on a skin 
of parchment, now measuring fourteen and one-half inches 
in breadth by twenty and one-half inches in length, including 
the fold for the label. It was very much shrivelled and mu- 
tilated, and the seal reduced to almost a shapeless mass, by 
a fire which took place at Westminster, October 23, 1731. 
It is a curious circumstance that the passages of the Magna 
Charta which remain the most legible are the two most 
famous sections in the whole instrument, which would alone 
have procured it the title of the Great Charter. These are 
Sections XXV. and XXVI. 

The whole Charter, the character in which it is written 
being nearly similar to that of the preliminary articles, con- 
sists of eighty-six lines, including one of the additions, 
which are referred to by asterisks, to be inserted in four 
different places. This mutilated, original Magna Charta 
is exhibited in a frame, under glass, and its preservation 
is considered one of the most remarkable instances of 
the recovery of ancient manuscripts. One of the pro- 
visions of the treaty of peace concluded between Henry 
III. and Louis, the Dauphin, was dated at the Lambeth 
Palace, and contained the provision that Louis should re- 
store to the king certain public records and the Magna 
Charta granted by King John, which were in the possession 
of him and the English Barons. These writings were de- 
posited in the archbishop's palace after the compact was 
concluded, and remained forgotten in the archives until in 
1640, when, on December 18, William Laud, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, was brought to the bar of the House of Lords. 
Apprehending the termination of the trial, Dr. Laud sent 
Dr. John Warner, the Bishop of Rochester, to Lambeth, to 
go over his papers and destroy or secrete all which were 
compromising. Dr. Warner carried away the Magna 
Charta with the mass of the archbishop's manuscripts he 




THE MAGNA CHARTA DESCRIBED 49 

desired to secrete. This quaint document was discovered 
and appropriated by the executor of Dr. Warner, and, 
through the hands of his son's executor, Colonel Lee, 
passed into the appreciative hands of Bishop Burnet^ the 
historian, by whom it was transmitted to the museum. 

It is not known how many copies of the Magna Charta 
were made for distribution throughout the various shires, 
but to this fact and the Anglo-Saxon custom of registering 
and preserving important writings in religious houses is 
due the preservation of several original copies in the ar- 
chives of the English cathedrals. A well-preserved copy 
is in the Lincoln Cathedral, carefully written in a small Nor- 
man running-hand, with many contractions, with the added 
words in their proper places. The whole instrument occu- 
pies fifty-four lines and measures seventeen and one-eighth 
by seventeen and one-half inches, exclusive of the fold for 
the label, and is a fair example probably of the copies dis- 
tributed in the summer of 12 15. Another original copy of 
the Magna Charta is in the archives of the Salisbury Cathe- 
dral, and another is in the Cottonian Collection, British 
Museum. It measures seventeen inches by twenty-one 
inches, and the script is written on the length of the parch- 
ment, the character being similar, however, to that of the 
other copies, occupying fifty-two lines. 

There is no original copy extant of the Covenant of Se- 
curity given by King John to the Barons. The only ancient 
record of it is on the Close Roll of the seventeenth of John, 
in the Tower of London. The next in importance of this 
series of instruments is the First Great Charter of Henry 
III., dated at Bristol, November 12, 1216, and is preserved 
in the archives of Durham Cathedral. The copy of the 
Second Great Charter of Henry III. is in the Bodleian 
Library, at Oxford, and in appearance resembles the others, 
with Cardinal Gaulo's seal in white wax and William Mar- 



50 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

shalFs in green. All of the other original Charters of Henry 
III. and of Edward I. have also been preserved by the English 
government. 

These ancient original Charters are generally written in 
Latin across the shortest way of the parchment, without 
paragraphs, and bore no signatures, although it is a popular 
notion that the Magna Charta of King John was signed by 
him and witnessed by the signatures or seals of certain 
Barons. There are no appearances of signatures on the 
original Magna Charta, nor on any of the orignal copies of 
it, and the words of the Charter — Data per manum nostram 
— only signify that the instrument was given by the king's 
hand, as a confirmation of his own act. In simply placing 
his seal on the Magna Charta, the king followed only the 
common law maxim that sealing was sufficient to authenti- 
cate a deed, though it was essential that it should be deliv- 
ered before witnesses, whence the expression in the Magna 
Charta, — Testtbus supraduHs, et muliis aliis. Therefore 
King John's seal was the only one attached to the instru- 
ment, and he did not sign it, nor did any Baron sign or at- 
tach his seal to it The seal which John used on the Magna 
Charta was accidentally lost, with all his treasure, in a whirl- 
pool when crossing the washes of Lincoln from Crosskeys 
to Fosdyke, October 12, 121 6, only a week before his death. 
For two years after this the only seal used on public or 
royal documents was that of the Protector, William Mar- 
shall. 



IRunnemebe 

a HE famous meadow or plain upon which the Barons 
encamped, and where King John sealed and deliv- 
ered to them the long-desired Magna Charta, is 
situate on the southwest bank of the river Thames, be- 
tween Staines and Windsor, in the hundred of Godley, oi 
Chertsey, in the county of Surrey. 

** Here was that Charter sealed, wherein the Crown, 
All marks of arbitrary pow*r lays down ; 
Tyrant and Slave, those names of hate and fear, 
The happier style of King and Subject bear — 
Happy when both to the same centre move, 
When Kings give Liberty, and Subjects Love.'* 

Thus does the poet, Sir John Denham, in his poem 
entitled "Cooper's Hill," an eminence which bounds the 
prospect to the west of Runnemede, allude to this historic 
spot. 

The origin of the name of this celebrated meadow has 
not been distinctly traced, and this probably accounts for 
its varied spelling : Runimed in the original Latin Magna 
Charta, Runnemede in the popular translations of it, varied 
to Runemed, Runemeid, Rendmed, Redmede, Runnymede, 
Runni-mede, Runney Mead, Rennemed, and even Rumney 
Mead. Conjecture is that it was derived from the Saxon 
words Rune, signifying Council, and Made, or Madewe, 
Mead, or Meadow. The vulgar name given to this historic 

SI 



52 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

spot is Running Mead, from the running of horses here, or 
the race-course, or from the river running beside it. It 
also has been called Council Mead or Meadow. 

This field proper — ^a triangular slip of meadow about a 
mile long— contains about one hundred and sixty acres of 
pasture-land, and adjoins two other large meadows, called 
Long Mead, on the west, and Yard Mead, on the south- 
east ; but there is no doubt that the whole of the bottom or 
level was all in one field at the time of the sealing and de- 
livering of the Magna Charta. Between Runnemede and 
the Thames River is a raised causeway, constructed at the 
cost of a patriotic merchant of London, Thomas de Hen- 
ford, in the reign of Henry III., and since carefully main- 
tained as a barrier against the river floods. It is a portion 
of the manor of Egham, and, although belonging to the 
crown, Runnemede is part freehold and part copy-hold, and 
tithe free. It is let at from twenty to thirty shillings per 
acre, to generally a dozen persons, who have the sole use 
of it from March to the middle of August, when it becomes 
common to all the parish of Egham, which then turns on it 
all the cattle for pasturage. The last week in August it is 
enclosed for public horse-races, when the so-called Egham 
races are run on a good two-mile track, which take place on 
the last Tuesday in August and the following two days, and 
this is the only annual celebration on this historic mead, 
but the events of 1 2 1 5 are recalled by the racing for the 
'* Magna Charta," " Runnemede," and " King John" stakes. 
From time immemorial it would seem that this mead has 
been appropriated to horse-racing, and in early times to 
stag-hunting. 

It has been several times in contemplation to erect a 
column on Runnemede as a perpetual memorial of the 
great historic event which took place here in 1 2 1 5 ; but, 
either from insufficient means or a reproachful deficiency of 




RUNNEMEDE 53 

English sentimental patriotism, no effectual steps have been 
taken to accomplish that desirable object. 

The poet Mark Akenside, about the middle of the last 
century, composed the following lines as an appropriate in- 
scription for the panel of such a monument : 

" Thou who the verdant plain dost traverse here, 
Whilst Thames among the willows from thy view 
Retires, O Stranger ! stay thee, and the scene 
Around contemplate well. This is the place 
Where England's ancient Barons, clad in arms 
And stem with conquest, from their tyrant King 
(Then rendered tame), did challenge and secure 
The Charter of thy freedom. Pass not on 
Till thou hast bless* d their memory, and paid 
Those thanks which God appointed the reward 
Of Public Virtue. And if chance thy home 
Salute then with an honour'd Father's name. 
Go, call thy Sons ; — instruct them what a debt 
They owe their ancestors ; and make them swear 
To pay it, by transmitting down intire 
Those sacred rights to which themselves were bom." 

There has been a tradition current in modern times that 
the Magna Charta was sealed on an eyot, or small island, in 
the Thames, adjacent to Runnemede, and not in the mead 
itself; but this is easily disproved by the closing passage of 
the original Charter, which expressly states that it was 
" given by our own hand, in the Meadow which is called 
Runnemede, between Windsor and Staines." 

The opinion is sometimes expressed that the treaty was 
negotiated on the island, and the Charter itself sealed in the 
meadow. Aubrey's "History of Surrey" says, "On the 
back side of Egham, northwards, lies Rumney-Mead, to- 
wards the Thames ; in which meadow was sealed Magna 
Charta. In this flat of meadow which is long, extending 
westward by the River side, are several enclosures, but 
doubtless then it lay all open. The meadow called Rum- 



54 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

ney-Mead lies between Long-Mead and a mead abutting on 
Humber Lane. They say one of the armies lay in Long 
Mead, and the other in the aforesaid meadow, next Egham. 
The tradition is, that the Treaty was in an Eight, over 
against Yard-mead, which is Rumney-mead, and the Great 
Charter was settled here." 

The only person particularly interested in having this 
island, which contains about fifteen hundred acres of land, 
as the scene of the sealing of the Magna Charta, is its owner, 
or lessee, as there is a unique lodge on the island fitted up 
as a refreshment-room, and " Charta Island" is noted princi- 
pally for this among the pleasure-seekers and sight-seers. 
This " Memorial Lodge," as the inscription on a stone slab 
informs the visitor, was erected in 1834, by George S. Har- 
court, of Ankerwyke House, lord of the manor, and then 
high sheriff of Buckinghamshire, in which county Charter 
Island is situated. Though certainly the island was not the 
place where John granted the Magna Charta, it could easily 
have derived its appellation from having been historically 
connected with the events of that era, for, according to 
Matthew Paris's statements, in his " History of England," of 
the events of this time, the treaty between Henry III. and 
the Dauphin of France, whereby the foreign auxiliaries, both 
of the deceased king, John, and of the Barons, were con- 
strained to quit the country, was finally settled " near the 
town of Staines, in a certain Island by the river Thames." 
"There King Henry, with the legate and great marshal 
and many others, on the one part, and Louis, with the Barons 
and others associated with him, on the other part, by the 
grace of God, settled the terms of peace, on the 3d of the 
ides of September, 12 17." There is a tradition that the 
Barons often held consultations in a great hall beneath 
Reygate Casde, in County Surrey, near to Runnemede, 
which was one of the seats of the Warrens, ancient Earls 




RUNNEMEDE 55 

of Surrey. At the time of the baronial uprising it was 
held by an Earl of Warren and Surrey who was more 
friendly to King John than to the Barons. Although he was 
frightened by the Barons into taking up arms against the 
king, his name appears on John's part in the opening pas- 
sage of the Magna Charta. As the Barons seized his 
Casde of Reygate to keep him with them, it is possible they 
may have used it, and particularly the great hall. 



Hfr 



@ 



^Cbe fl^agna Cbatta JSatone 

OME of the Barons and Knights in arms to procure 
the Magna Charta from King John : 



Odonel d*Albini, 
Philip d'Albini, 
WilUam d'Albini, 
William d'Albini, Jr., 
Robert d'Arcic, 
Norman d'Arcy, 
Reginald d' Argentine, 
William d'Aquillon, 
Thomas d'Astley, 
William de Badlesmere, 
Walter de Beauchamp, 
William de Beauchamp, 
William de Beaumont, 
John Beke, 
Robert de Berkeley, 
Peter de Bermingham, 
Roger Bertram, 

• Hugh Bigod, 
Rog^r Bigod, 
Osbert de Bobi, 
Henry de Bohun, 
Ralph le Boteler, 
Robert le Boteler, 
William le Boteler, 

R de Brackele, 

Henry de Braibrock, 

' William de Braose, 
Baldwin Bretel, 
Peter de Brus, 
56 



Bertram de Bulemer, 
Robert Bulkeley, 
Ralph de Camois, 
•William de Cantilupe, 
Simeon de Cauci, 
Hugh de Chameles, 
Robert de Charun, 
Gilbert de Clare, 
- Richard de Clare, 
John de Clavering, 
Walter de Clifford. 
Henry de Cobeham, 
Robert de Coleville, 
William de Coleville, 
John de Cressie, 
Roger de Cressie, 
Hamon Crevequer, 
Ralph de Cromwell, 
Oliver Deincourt, 
Gilbert Delaval, 
Walter de Dunstanville, 

W d'Einford, 

Richard Engaine, 

J de Fereby, 

Biset de Fersi, 
John Fitz-Alan, 
Osbert Fitz-Alan, 
Peter Fitz-John, 
Philip Fitz-John, 



», * 



.# 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



57 



Roger Fitz-Pain, 
Gilbert Fitz-Reinfride» 

• John Fitz-Robert, 
Ralph Fitz-Robert, 

• Robert Fitz- Walter, 
Fulke Fitz-Warrinc, 

•William Fitz-William, 

Walter Foliot, 

William de Fortibus, 

Gilbert de Gant, 

Maurice de Gant, 

Richard Giffard, 

Hugh de Goumay, 

Robert de Gresley, 

Osbert Gyfford, 

WilUam de HardeU, 

Himiphrey de Hastang, 

William de Hastings, 

Giles de Hersi, 

Gervase de Hobregge, 

W de Hobregge, 

John de Humet, 

William de Huntingfield, 

William de Keynes (Kayneto), 

Simon de Kyme, 
vjohn de Lacie, 

Simon Langton, 

William de Lanvallei,-" 

Roger de Leibume, 

Adam de Lincoln, 

Henry Lovell, 

Richard de Lucie, 

Geoffrey de Luterel, 

William Malet, 

John Maltravers, 

Geoffrey de Mandeville, 

William de Mandeville, 

R de Mandeville, 

Robert de Marmion, 

Robert de Marmyon, 

William de Marmyon, 
' William Marshall, Jr., 

William de Mauduit, 



Geofirey de Meantune, 

Giles de Melun, 

Roger de Merley, 

William de Mersbray, 

William de Montacute, 

Roger de Montbegon, 

Richard de Montfichet, 

Peter de Montfort, 

Simon de Montfort, 

Roger de Mowbray, — 

William de Mowbray, 

Thomas de Multon, 

Thomas de Mulutune (Muletan), 

Eustace de Nevill, 

Walter de Norton, 

Geoffrey de Norwich, 

Henry d*Oyly, 

Hugh Paganel, 

Adam Painel, 

William Pantulf, 

Richard de Percy, 

Robert de Pincheni, 

Hugh de Playz, 

Adam de Port, 

Michael de Poynings, 

Hugh de Poyntz, 

Nicholas de Poyntz, 

Alex, de Puinter (Puintune), 

'Robert de Quincey, 
/ ySaire de Quincey, 
^ Robert de Ros (Roos), 

William de Ros (Roos), 

Geoffrey de Say, 

Roger de Somerville, 

Almaric de Spencer, 

Hugh de Spencer, 

Thurstan de Spencer, 

William de Studham, 

Nicholas de Stuteville, 

Alex, de Sutune (Sutton), 

Roger St. John, 

William St. John, 

Roger de St. Philibert, 



58 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



Richard Talbot, 
Hugh Thacun, 
Walter dc Tibctot, 
William de Todeni (Tuintuna), 
Ralph de Toni, 
Richard d*Umfraville, 
Theobald de Valoines, 
Oliver de Vaux, 



Ranulph de Vaux, 

Robert de Vaux, 

Nicholas de Verdon, 

Robert de Vere, 

Eustace de Vesci, 

Ralph de Willoughby, 

W de Wymes (Wymiss). 



Some of the Barons and Knights in arms on the part of 
King John, or in sympathy with him : 



Richard Affenvast, 
William Agorlun, 
PhiUp d*Albini. 
WilUam d*Albini. 
Hemy d'Alditheley, 
Bernard de Baliol, 
Hugh de Baliol, 
Richard de Banks, 
Alan Basset, 
Thomas Basset, 
John de Bassingeboume, 
Warine de Bassingeboume, 
Andrew de Beauchamp, 
Hugh de Beauchamp, 
Ranulph Blundeville, 
Thomas Botterel, 
Robert de Braybrook, 
Fowke de Breant (Brent), 
Henry de Brentfield, 
Fulke de Briwere, 
William dc Briwere, 
Hubert de Burgh, 
Geoffrey de Buteville, 
Oliver de Buteville, 
Gerald de Camville, 
William de Cirent, 
Henry de Comhill, 
John de Gourd, 
Geoffrey de Gracombe, 
Robert d'Eivill, 
Thomas d*Erdington, 



Faulkes, 



William de Ferrers, 
Roger Fitz-Bemard, 
Henry Fitz-Gount, 
Warren Fitz-Gerald, 
Warren Fitz-Gilbert, 
Matthew Fitz-Herbert, 
Peter Fitz-Herbert, 
John Fitz-Hugh, 
Ralph Fitz-Nicholas, 
Gerard de Fumival, 
Alan de Galloway, 
Roger (Robert) de Gaugi, 
William Gemon, 
Walter de Godarville, 
Richard de Grey, 
Thomas Hardington, 
Ralph de la Hay, 
Roger Huscari, 
Robert d*Iver, 
Brian de I'lsle, 
Bogo de Knovill, 
Geoffrey de Lacie, 
Walter de Lade, 
Alured de Lincoln, 
William Longespee, 
Geoffrey de Lude, 
Philip Marcy, 
Richard de Marisco, 
Robert Marsh, 
John Marshall, 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



59 



Richard Marshall, 
William Marshall, Sr., 
Peter de Maulei, 
Ralph Meschines, 
John de Monmouth, 
Hugh de Mortimer, 
Robert de Mortimer, 
Roger de Mortimer, 

R Musgard, 

Robert de Nereford, 
Hugh de Nevill, 
Robert de Newburg, 
Ralph de Normanville, 
Robert Oldbridge, 
William Pare, 
William de Percy, 
Robert de Pierrepont, 
Robert Pinkey, 
William Plantagenet, 
Henry de Pont Omar, 



Engerus de Pratest, 
William de Redvers, 
William de Rokeland, 
Robert de Ropele (Roppel), 
Nicholas de St. Philibert, 
Almeric de St. Mauro, 
Jordan de Sackville, 
Stephen de Seg^ve, 
Nicholas de Stapleton, 
John le Strange, 
John le Strange, Jr., 
Henry de Tibetot, 
Ralph le Tyris, 
PhiUp d'Ulecote (Olcott), 
Alberic de Vere, 
Ivo de Vipount, 
Robert de Vipount, 
William de Wortham, 
Roger de Zucha, (Zouche). 



i 



xrbe Surettes for tbe Observance of tbe 

Aagna Cbarta* 



•♦William d*Albini, lord of Bdvoir Casde, d. 1236. 

• ♦Hugh le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, d. 1225. 
•♦Roger Ic Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, d. 1220. 

' ♦Henry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, d, 1220. 

• ♦Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1229. 
'♦Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1262. 
'♦John Fitz-Robert, lord of Warkworth and Clavering, d. 1240. 

■* ♦Robert Fitz- Walter, lord of Dunmow Castle, d. 1234. 

William de Fortibus, Earl of Albemarle, d, 1241. His only child d, s, p. 

William de Hardell, mayor of the city of London. Issu^ f 
♦William de Huntingfield, sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk shires, d, 1356. 
'♦John de Lacie, Earl of Lincoln, d, 1240. 
'♦William de Lanvallei, governor of Colchester Castle, 121 7. 
''♦WilHam Malet, sheriff of Somerset and Dorset shires, d, 1224. 

Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, k. s.p, 12 16. 

William Marshall, Jr., Earl of Pembroke, d, s,p, 1231. 

Richard de Montfichet, justice of the king's forests, d, s,p, 1258. 

Roger de Mowbray, d. s, p. 121^, 
" ♦William de Mowbray, governor of York Castle, d. 1223. 

Richard de Percy, d. s.p. 1244. 
•♦Saher de Quincey, Earl of Winchester, d. 12 19. 
' ♦Robert de Roos, lord of Hamelake Castle, d. 1226. 
•♦Geoffrey de Say, d. 1230. 

• ♦Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, d. 1221. 
•♦Eustace de Vesci, k. 1216. 



♦ These eighteen of the twenty-five Sureties are lineal ancestors of the fonnders of 
the Order of Runnemede. Of the remainder, five died without issue ; one, de Fortibus, 
had no grandchildren, and of the other, de Hardell, it is not known that he had issue. 



60 




IRelationsbip of tbe Sutetiee 

VV^l ILLIAM D'ALBINI. — He was a grandson of the 
B B I mother of No. 8 by her second husband. His 
^^■^^^^ granddaughter was the wife of a grandson of 
No. 22. A cousin was the wife of No. 19, and she was a 
cousin of No. 8. 

2. Hugh Bigod. — He was the son of No. 3. His grand- 
daughter married the half-brother of the wife of No. 4. This 
granddaughter's husband was also the half-brother of No. 
15. His grandmother was the aunt of No. 24. He was a 
cousin of No. 24. His wife was a sister of No. 16, and a 
sister of the wife of No. 5. His wife's maternal great- 
grandfather was a brother of a grandfather of No. 6. 

3. Roger Bigod. — He was the father of No. 2. His 
mother was the aunt of No. 24. His daughter was the 
wife of a brother of No. 24. 

4. Henry de Bohun. — His wife was a sister of No. 15, 

and her half-brother married a granddaughter of No. 2. 

His son's wife was a granddaughter of the aunt of the wife 

of the son of No. 9. His son married a granddaughter of 

the sister of the father of the wife of the son of No. 9. 

His grandson's mother-in-law was a sister of No. 16, 

whose great-grandfather's brother was the grandfather of 

No. 6, the father of No. 5. His grandson was the son-in- 

61 



62 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

law of a sister of No. 1 6. His son's wife was a cousin of 
the wife of the son of No. 9. His son-in-law was a nephew 
of the mother of No. 20. His granddaughter was a sister- 
in-law of No. 16. His son-in-law was a cousin of No. 20. 

5. Gilbert de Clare. — He was a son of No. 6. His 
son's wife was a daughter of No. 12. He was a cousin of 
No. 8. His wife was a sister of No. 16, and also of the 
wife of No. 2, and her maternal great-grandfather was a 
brother of the grandfather of No. 5. His great-gran daunt 
was the wife of the great-grandfather of No. 1 7. 

6. Richard de Clare. — He was father of No. 5. His 
paternal great-grandfather and the paternal grandfather of 
No. 8 were brothers. He was a cousin of Nos. 8, 19, and 
20. His ancestor, the first Earl of Clare's daughter, was 
the wife of the great-grandfather of No. 17. His grand- 
father's granddaughter was the mother of No. 20. His 
father's sister was the wife of No. 19. His wife was a 
sister of No. 1 5. His grandfather and the maternal grand- 
father of No. 16 were brothers. His great-aunt married 
an ancestor of No. 17. His father's cousin's widow was 
the mother of No. 21. His wife's brother married a sister 
of the father-in-law of No. 21. His brother-in-law married 
the aunt of the wife of No. 21. His paternal grandfather 
was a brother of the paternal great-grandfather of No. 16. 
He was a cousin of No. 16. His wife's maternal grand- 
father was a brother of the paternal great-grandmother of 
No. 16. His ancestor, the first Earl of Clare's wife, was 
of the same family as that of the wife of No. 24. His ma- 
ternal grandmother's brother was grandfather of the wife of 
the son of No. 21. His granddaughter was the wife of 
a grandson of No. 19. His paternal grandfather was a 
brother of the paternal grandmother of No. 24. His aunt 



m^ 



RELATIONSHIP OF THE SURETIES 63 

was the mother of No. 26. His granddaughter married a 
grandnephew of No. 26. His mother's second husband 
was a cousin of No. i. His grandfather's brother was the 
maternal great-grandfather of the wife of No. 2 ; of the 
mother-in-law of No. 25 ; of the son-in-law of No. 13 ; and 
of the second husband of a granddaughter of No. 2 1 . 

7. John Fitz-Robert. — He was a cousin of No. 25, and 
of No. 12. His wife and the wife of No. 25 were cousins. 

8. Robert Fitz- Walter. — He was a cousin of Nos. 5 
and 6. His paternal grandfather and the paternal great- 
grandfather of No. 6 were brothers. He was related by 
marriage to No. 9. His mother's second husband was the 
grandfather of No. i. His paternal grandmother had as 
second husband the father of No. 21. He was a cousin of 
No. 15. His grandmother's nephew was a cousin of No. 
21, and the husband of an aunt of the wife of No. 25. 

9. William de Fortibus. — His son married a daughter 
of the brother of the great-grandmother of the daughter- 
in-law of No. 4. His wife was a sister of No. 17. His 
sister was the first wife of No. 16. His mother was the 
widow of a nephew of the grandmother of No. 23, and this 
nephew's first wife was a daughter of No. 8. His aunt was 
the second wife of No. 1 6. 

10. William de Hardell. — He does not seem to have 
been related by blood or intermarriage to any of the 
Sureties. 

11. William de Huntingfield. — He does not seem to 
have been related by blood or intermarriage to any of the 
Sureties. His great-grandfather held the manor of Hunt- 



64 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

ingfield, in Suffolk, as the undertenant of Robert Malet, 
the father or grandfather of No. 14. 

12. John de Lacie. — His daughter was the wife of a son 
of No. 5. His second wife was a daughter of the son of 
No. 21. His mother was the half-sister of the paternal 
grandmother of No. 23. His paternal grandmother was a 
great-aunt of No. 15. His maternal grandfather's first 
wife — the great-grandmother of No. 23 — was the sister of 
the paternal grandfather of No. 24. His widow married a 
brother of No. 16, a cousin of Nos. 5 and 6. 

13. William de Lanvallei. — His wife and the wife of 
No. 14 were cousins. His daughter's father-in-law's third 
wife was the widow of No. 15, and his fourth wife was a 
sister of the .wives of Nos. 22 and 25. His daughter was 
the second wife of a brother of No. 16. His son-in-law 
was a great-grandson of the brother of the grandfather of 
No. 6, whose wife's grandfather was a brother of the great- 
grandmother of the son-in-law of No. 13. 

14. William Malet. — His wife was a cousin of the wife 
of No. 13. See under No. 11. 

15. Geoffrey de Mandeville. — He died without issue. 
His wife was a sister of the wife of No. 6, and their ma- 
ternal grandfather's sister was the wife of a granduncle of 
No. 6. He was a cousin of No. 23. His sister was the 
wife of No. 4. His half-brother married a granddaughter 
of No. 2. His great-aunt was the paternal grandmother 
of Nos. 12 and 23. His wife's brother married a sister of 
the father-in-law of No. 21. His wife's brother's wife's 
sister married a son of the brother of the mother of No. 
21 (nephew of the mother of No. 21), who was also the 
nephew of the grandmother of No. 8. His maternal great- 




RELATIONSHIP OF THE SURETIES 65 

grandmother was a sister of the grandfather of No. 24. 
His grandfather was also the grandfather of No. 23. His 
wife's maternal grandfather was the brother of the ma- 
ternal great-grandmother of No. 1 6. 

16. William Marshall, Jr. — He died without issue. 
One of his sisters was the mother-in-law of a grandson of 
No. 4 ; another was the wife of No. 5 ; another was the wife 
of No. 2 ; another was the mother-in-law of No. 25, and her 
husband's second wife was a granddaughter of No. 21. 
He was a cousin of No. 6. One of his brothers married a 
granddaughter of No. 4 ; another married, first, a sister of 
the wives of Nos. 22 and 25, and married, secondly, a 
daughter of No. 13 ; another married the widow of No 12, 
who was the granddaughter of No. 21. His first wife was 
a sister of No. 9, and his second wife was* a daughter of 
King John. His step-mother was the aunt of No. 9. His 
mother's grandfather and the grandfather of No. 6 were 
brothers. His paternal great-grandfather was a brother 
of the paternal great-grandfather of No. 6. His paternal 
great-grandmother was a sister of the maternal grandfather 
of the wife of No. 6, and the wife of No. 15. 

17. Richard de Montfichet. — He died without issue. 
His sister was the wife of No. 9. His father's grand- 
father married a daughter of the first Earl of Clare, ancestor 
of Nos. 5 and 6. His sister was the mother-in-law of No. 
24, and an ancestor married a great-aunt of No. 6. 

18. Roger de Montbegon. — He died without issue. He 
deserted the Barons soon after being made a Surety, and 
No. 26 was substituted for him. He does not seem to have 
been related by blood or intermarriage with the other 
Sureties. 



66 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

19. William de Mowbray. — His mother was a sister of 
the father of No. 6. His wife was a cousin of No. i. His 
grandson married a granddaughter of No. 6. His youngest 
brother, No. 26, was substituted for No. 18. 

20. Richard de Percy. — He died without issue. His 
mother was a granddaughter of the grandfather of No. 6. 
His mother was a cousin of No. 6, and also aunt of a son- 
in-law of No. 4. 

21. Saher de Quincey. — His granddaughter was the 
second wife of No. 1 2, and she married, secondly, a brother 
of No. 1 6. His son's wife's grandfather was a brother of the 
maternal grandmother of No. 6. His mother was the widow 
of a cousin of Nos. 5 and 6, and the paternal grandmother 
of No. 8. His daughter married a son of No. 24. His 
wife's aunt was the sister-in-law of the wives of Nos. 6 and 
15. His cousin (mother's brother's son, also nephew of 
the grandmother of No. 8, and cousin of No. 25) married 
a sister-in-law of the wives of Nos. 6 and 15. His grand- 
daughter's second husband was a great-grandson of a 
brother of the grandfather of No. 6, whose wife was a 
sister of the wife of No. 15. 

22. Robert de Rods. — His grandson married a grand- 
daughter of No. I. His wife was a daughter of the father 
of the wife of No. 25, and a sister-in-law of No. 16. 

23. Geoffrey de Say. — He was a cousin of No. 15. His 
grandfather was the grandfather of No. 1 5. He was re- 
lated by marriage to No. 9. His paternal grandmother's 
half-sister was the mother of No. 12. His paternal grand- 
mother was a great-aunt of No. 1 5 




RELATIONSHIP OF THE SURETIES 67 

24. Robert de Vere. — His wife was a niece of No. 1 7, 
and was of the family of the first Earl of Clare, ancestor of 
Nos. 5 and 6. His paternal grandfather's sister — ^great- 
aunt — was the first wife of the maternal grandfather of No. 
12. His son's wife was a daughter of No. 21. His pa- 
ternal grandmother was a sister of the paternal grand- 
father of No. 6. His brother married a daughter of No. 3. 
His father's sister was the mother of No. 3, and the grand- 
mother of No. 2. His paternal grandfather's sister mar- 
ried, secondly, the great-grandfather of No. 15. 

25. Eustace de Vesci. — He was a cousin of No. 7. His 
wife was the daughter of the father of the wife of No. 22, 
and the sister of the son-in-law of No. 16. His wife's aunt 
married a cousin of Nos. 8 and 2 1 . His mother-in-law was 
the great-granddaughter of the brother of the grandfather 
of No. 6. His wife's sister's husband was a great-grandson 
of the brother of the grandfather of No. 6. 

26. Roger de Mowbray. — He was substituted for No. 
18. He was a brother of No. 19, and his mother was an 
aunt of No. 6. His sister-in-law was a cousin of No. i. 



ot tbe 

Surctice tor tbc ®l)«crvance 

of 

Z\)c flDaona Cbarta 



# 

«* 



.11. 

1 A* 



Btoatapbtes of tbe Sureties 

WILLIAM D'ALBINI 

Cms Surety was descended from Robert de Todeni, 
feudal lord of Belvoir Castle, in Lincolnshire, pos- 
sessed of eighty lordships at the time of the Gen- 
eral Survey, who d. 1088. His eldest son by his wife, Adela : 

William d'Albini-Brito, lord of Belvoir Casde, was a 
gallant commander in the war in Normandy, and d. 11 55, 
having issue by his wife, Maud, widow of Robert, son of 
Richard Fitz-Gilbert de Clare : 

William d'Albini-Meschines, the Briton, lord of Belvoir 
Castle, a Baron by tenure, d. 11 67, who was the father of 

William d'Albini, lord of Belvoir Casde, third feudal 
Baron. When his father died he was in ward to King 
Henry II., and, in 1 194, he was in the army of Richard I. in 
Normandy. In the following year he was constituted sheriff 
of the counties of Warwick and Leicester, and also held the 
same office for those of Rudand, Bedford, and Buckingham, 
between 1196 and 1199. Upon the accession of John to 
the throne he received several valuable grants, being already 
wealthy. In 1201, when the Barons refused to attend King 
John into France, he demanded diat their casdes should be 
given up to him as security for their allegiance, beginning 
with William d' Albini, of whom he claimed Belvoir Casde, in- 
stead of which he gave him his son, William, as a hostage. 

He appears to have remained longer faithful to the king, 
as well as more moderate in his opposition to him, than most 

71 



72 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

of the Barons, and did not join the insurgents until he could 
no longer with safety either remain neutral or adhere to the 
king, for so late as January, 12 14-15, he was one of King 
John's commissioners appointed for the safe-conduct of such 
as were travelling to his court, at Northampton. After he 
joined the Barons he entered with great spirit into their 
cause, and was elected one of the Sureties for the observance 
of the Magna Charta, and was excommunicated ; but after 
having gained their point, he was looked upon with sus- 
picion because he did not attend the grand tournament, on 
June 29, to celebrate the victory, and it was not until after 
other Barons had alarmed him, that he fortified his casde at 
Belvoir, and joined them at London. But the sequel proves 
their suspicions were not well grounded. He was placed 
as governor of Rochester Casde, when, though he found 
it so utterly destitute of provisions as almost to induce his 
men to abandon it, he recruited and held it until famine, 
weakness, and watching obliged them to surrender to the 
king. The siege having lasted three months, and being at- 
tended with considerable loss, King John ordered that all 
the nobles in the castle should be hanged ; but this sentence 
being resolutely opposed by his chief councillors, William 
d* Albini and his son Odonel, with several other Barons, were 
committed to the custody of Peter de Mauley, and sent pris- 
oners to Corfe and Nottingham Castles. Whilst d'Albini 
remained at Corfe, the king marched on Christmas morning, 
1 2 16, from Nottingham to Langar, near Belvoir Casde, and 
sent a summons to surrender. Upon this, Nicholas d'Al- 
bini, one of the Baron's sons and a clerk in orders, deliv- 
ered the keys to the king, asking only that his father should 
be mercifully treated. The fortress was then committed to 
the custody of Geoffrey and Oliver de Buteville. His lib- 
erty was gained only by William d'Albini paying a fine to 
the king of six thousand marks (four thousand pounds), the 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 73 

sum being raised from his own lands by his wife, on dieir 
being delivered to her for that express purpose. After 
King John's death, though he submitted himself to King 
Henry III., he was forced to give his wife and son Nicholas 
as hostages for his allegiance ; but in 1 2 1 7 he was one of 
the king's commanders at the battle of Lincoln. * He d. at 
Offington, May i, 1236, and his body was buried at New- 
stead, and his heart under the wall, opposite the high-altar, 
at Belvoir. 

William d'Albini m. first, Margery, daughter of Odonel 
d'Umfraville, and had by her: 

William d'Albini, of Belvoir, d. s. p. m. 1285. Issue. 

Robert d'Albini. 

Nicholas d'Albini. 

He m. secondly, Agatha, daughter and coheiress of Wil- 
liam de Trusbut. 

Arms. — Gules ; a Lion rampant ^ Or^ armed and langued 
Azure. 



74 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



HUGH BIGOD 

An account of this Baron's ancestors is given with that 
of his father. He was the eldest son and heir of Roger 
Bigod, one of the celebrated twenty-five Sureties for the 
observance of the Magna Charta, and took part from the 
beginning in the Barons' Magna Charta proceedings, and 
was, with his father, elected one of the Sureties for this in- 
strument. There are few particulars of this Baron's life 
extant, for he enjoyed the tide of Earl of Norfolk, and his 
father's estates and honors, to which he succeeded in 5 
Henry III., 1220-21, but a few years, as he died 9 Henry 
III., 1224-5. 

He m. Maud, her first husband, eldest daughter and co- 
heiress of William le Mareschal, or Marshall, by his wife 
Isabel de Clare, only child and heiress of Richard the 
Strongbow, second Earl of Pembroke, who had been under 
the guardianship of King Henry II., and was given in mar- 
riage to William Marshall by King Richard the Lion- 
Hearted, in 1 189, before his coronation, and with her he 
acquired the earldom of Pembroke, and in this rank bore 
the royal sceptre at the coronation of Richard I. He was 
brother and heir-male of John, Baron Marshall, hereditary 
marshal of the king's household, who bore the great golden 
spurs of the king at the coronation of Richard I., and shortly 
d. s, p. 

William Marshall first appears in English history as a 
supporter of Prince Henry, the rebellious son of Henry II. 
This prince, upon his death-bed, delivered to his most confi- 
dential friend, William Marshall, his cross, to convey to 
Jerusalem, which commission, however, he personally never 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 75 

fulfilled, as he shortly afterwards married the great heiress, 
became Earl of Pembroke, and was left at home by Richard 
Coeur de Lion, when he set out on his journey to the Holy 
Land, as one of the assistants in the government of the 
realm during his absence. Upon the decease of his brother 
John, in 1199, he became lord marshal to King John, and 
on the day of John's coronation he was invested with the 
sword of the earldom of Pembroke, being then confirmed 
in the possession of the said inheritance, and was shortly 
afterwards appointed high sheriff of the counties of Sussex 
and Gloucester. In a few years he had grants from King 
John of Goderich Casde, in County Hereford, and of the 
whole province of Leinster, in Ireland. Being in such high 
favor with the king, he was a strenuous supporter of the 
royal interests upon the breaking out of the baronial insur- 
rection, and was deputed by the king, with the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, to ascertain the grievances and demands of 
the Barons, while his eldest son, William, was a supporter 
of the baronial cause and was elected one of the twenty-five 
Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta. At the 
demise of King John, the Earl of Pembroke was so power- 
ful that he prevailed upon the Barons to appoint a day for 
the coronation of Henry III., to whom he was constituted 
guardian, by the Barons who had remained firm in their al- 
legiance. Subsequently he took up arms in the royal cause, 
and, after achieving a victory over the Barons, at Lincoln, 
proceeded to London, then held by the Barons, and invested 
the city, both by land and water, and reduced it to extremity 
for want of provisions. He was the most eminent statesman 
and soldier of his time, and was also distinguished for his 
piety and attachment to the Church. He had five sons, by 
the heiress of Clare, who each succeeded in his lands and 
honors, and all died without issue, when all his honors be- 
came extinct and his great inheritance devolved upon his 



76 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

five daughters. Lady Maud, wife of Hugh Bigod, obtained 
as her share the homestead-manor of Hempsted-Marshall, in 
Berks, with the office of marshal of England, which was in- 
herited by her son, Roger Bigod, fourth Earl of Norfolk, and 
surrendered to the crown by her grandson Roger, fifth Earl. 
The Earl of Pembroke had as his second wife, Alice, daugh- 
ter of Baldwin de Bethune, Earl of Albemarle, m. in 1 203. 

Richard de Clare, aforesaid, surnamed the Strongbow, 
was the eldest son of Gilbert de Clare (brother of Richard 
de Clare, first Earl of Hertford), who, having license from 
the king to enjoy all the lands he should win by his sword 
in Wales, brought Caerdiganshire under subjection, erected 
strong castles, and, in 1 1 38, was created Earl of Pembroke 
by King Stephen. Richard the Strongbow procured for 
himself a conspicuous place in history by the leading part 
he took in the subjugation of Ireland, and his romantic mar- 
riage with Princess Eva, daughter of Dermot Macmurcha, 
last king of the province of Leinster, with whom he had in 
dower a great part of the realm. He was constituted Jus- 
ticiary of Ireland by King Henry II., and, dying in April, 
1 176, was buried in the chapter-house at Gloucester, leaving 
issue an only daughter and heiress, Isabella, who married, 
as above, William Marshall. 

Hugh Bigod and his wife. Lady Maud Marshall, had issue : 

Roger Bigod, fourth Earl of Norfolk, d. s. /. 

Hugh Bigod, an eminent lawyer, appointed Justiciary of 
England, by the Barons, in 1257. He m. first, Joane, daugh- 
ter of Robert Burnet, and had two sons, — Roger, who suc- 
ceeded his uncle as Earl of Norfolk, and John. He m. 
secondly, Joan Stuteville, a widow, but had no issue by her. 

Ralph Bigod, m. Berta de Furnival, and had an only 
daughter, Isabel, who m. first, Gilbert de Lacie, and m. 
secondly, John Fitz-GeoflFrey. 

Arms. — Gules; a Lionpassant^ Or. 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES ^^ 



ROGER BIGOD 

Roger Bigod, or le Bigot, a feudal Baron, the first of this 
great family that settled in England, was in the Conqueror's 
time possessed of six lordships in Essex and one hundred 
and seventeen in Suffolk. Adhering to the party that took 
up arms against William Rufus, he fortified the casde of 
Norwich, and wasted the country around. At the accession 
of Henry I., being a witness of the king's laws and stanch 
in his interests, he obtained gifts of land from the crown, 
and was lord high steward in right of his wife. In 1 103 
he and his wife founded the abbey of Whetfor^, in Norfolk, 
where he was buried in 1107, 7 Henry I. He m. before 
1 103, Adeliza, or Alice, who survived him, daughter of 
Hugh Grentemaisnil, lord of Hinckley, Ashby-Legers, 
County Northampton, lord high steward of England, d. s. 
p. m. 1098, by his wife Adelhyde, d. 1091, daughter of the 
Count de Beaumont, and had : 

Hugh Bigod, second son, who succeeded his elder 
brother, William, accidentally drowned s,p. with the king's 
children, 20 Henry I., as steward of the household to Henry 
I. He was mainly instrumental in raising Stephen, Earl 
of Boulogne, to the throne, upon the decease of Henry 
I., and was rewarded by him with the earldom of East 
Angles, or Norfolk, about 11 40. He was steadfast and 
faithful in his allegiance to King Stephen through the diffi- 
culties which beset that monarch, and gallantly defended 
Ipswich Castle against the Empress Maud and her son, but 
was finally obliged to surrender for want of timely relief. 
That he was a wealthy and powerful noble is evident from 
his certifying his knight's fees to be one hundred and sixty 



78 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

in 12 Henry II. He evidendy enjoyed royal favor, as he 
was recreated Earl of Norfolk by Henry II., and obtained a 
grant of the office of lord high steward of the kingdom, 
which his father had held. 

Notwithstanding these and other equally substantial 
marks of the king's liberality, the Earl of Norfolk arrayed 
himself under the banner of Robert, Earl of Leicester, in 
the insurrection incited by that nobleman in favor of the 
king's son, 19 Henry II. His part in this rebellion cost him 
the loss of his strongest castles and the heavy fine of one 
thousand marks, over six hundred and sixty-six pounds. 
After this he made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and died 
23 Henry II., 11 77. He had by his first wife, Juliana, sister 
of Alberic de Vere, created, 11 35, Earl of Oxford, great 
high chamberlain of England, and daughter of Alberic, 
second Baron de Vere, of Kensington, appointed by Henry 
I. great high chamberlain of England, by his wife Adeliza, 
daughter of Gilbert de Clare, of Tonebruge, Kent, and his 
wife Adeliza, daughter of Hugh, Count de Clermont : 

Roger Bigod, eldest son, who succeeded as second Earl 
of Norfolk, and was reconstituted in his earldom and the 
office of lord high steward by Richard I. upon his accession, 
by charter dated November 27, 1189, and also obtained at 
this time restitution of some manors his father had forfeited, 
with grants of others, and the confirmation of all demesnes 
he held. He was appointed, 1 189, by King Richard one of 
the ambassadors from him to Philip of France, for obtaining 
aid towards the recovery of the Holy Land. Upon the 
return of King Richard from his captivity in Germany, the 
Earl assisted at a great council held by the king at Notting- 
ham, 1 194, and at this monarch's second coronation his 
lordship was one of the four earls that had the honor of 
carrying the silken canopy over the monarch's head. 

In 1 200 the Earl of Norfolk was sent by King John as 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 79 

one of his messengers to summon William, King of Scot- 
land, to do homage to him in Parliament at Lincoln, and 
subsequently attended King John into Poictou, and on his 
return was won over to their cause by the Barons and 
became one of the strongest advocates of the Charter of 
Liberty, and was elected one of the Sureties for the ob- 
servance of this great instrument, for which he was excom- 
municated by Pope Innocent III. Heel. 5 Henry III., 1220- 
21, having had issue by his wife Isabella, daughter of Ham- 
eline Plantagenet, d. 1 202, fifth Earl of Surrey, in right of his 
wife, m. 1 1 63-4, Isabella, cl. 11 99, widow of Willam de Blois, 
cl. s. p. 1 1 60, a natural son of King Stephen (Hameline 
Plantagenet, b. before 1151, was a natural son of Geoffrey, 
Count of Anjou), and daughter and heiress of William, 
third Earl of Warren and Surrey, d. s.p. m. 1148 (by his 
wife Alice, or Adela de Talvas, or Talvace, d. 1 1 74, daughter 
of William, Count of Alengon and Ponthieu, by his second 
wife, Alix, widow of Bertrand, Count de Tripoli, and 
daughter of Eudes, Duke of Burgundy, a crusader, d. 1 102, 
a great-grandson of Robert the Pious, King of France), 
son of William, second Earl of Warren and Surrey, and 
his wife Isabel, or Elizabeth de Vermandois, daughter of 
Hugh the Great, son of Henry I., King of France : 

Hugh Bigod, third Earl of Norfolk. 

William Bigod, m. Margaret, daughter of Robert de 
Sutton. 

Thomas Bigod. 

Margery, wife of William de Hastings. Issue. 

Adeuza, wife of Alberic de Vere, Earl of Oxford ; d. s.p. 

Mary, wife of Ralph Fitz-Robert, of Middlehams. 

Arms. — Gules ; a Lion passant^ (?r, are the arms generally 
attributed to this Surety, but there is evidence that Or, a 
Cross Gules, more properly describes the arms he bore. 



8o THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



HENRY DE BOHUN 

Humphrey de Bohun, a kinsman and companion in arms 
of the Conqueror, generally known as " Humphrey with the 
Beard," was the founder of the House of Bohun in England. 
He does not seem to have profited much through his alleged 
relationship to the Conqueror, as at the General Survey he 
possessed only one lordship, Taterford, in Norfolk, in which 
he was succeeded by his son : 

Humphrey de Bohun, who, in contradistinction to his 
father, or because of the wealth his wife brought him, or 
because of his conquest of so wealthy a lady, was sumamed 
the Great. He m,, by command of King Stephen, Maud, 
only daughter of Edward d'Evereux, lord of Salisbury, or 
Saresbury, sheriff of Wiltshire, who owned manors in eight 
counties, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son and heir, who was stew- 
ard and sewer to King Henry I. At the instigation of his 
father-in-law he espoused the cause of the Empress Maud 
and her son against King Stephen, and so faithfully main- 
tained his allegiance that the Empress, by her especial 
charter, granted him the office of steward and sewer, in 
both Normandy and England. In 20 Henry II. he accompa- 
nied Richard de Lacie, Justiciary of England, into Scodand, 
with an army, to waste the country ; and was one of the 
witnesses to the accord made by William of Scotland and 
Henry of England, as to the subjection of Scotland to the 
crown of England. 

This feudal Baron m. Margery, daughter and coheiress of 
Milo de Gloucester, first Earl of Hereford, lord high con- 
stable of England, whose charter was the earliest of express 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 8 1 

creation, the patent being dated in 1 140, and, dying April 6» 
1 187, had issue: 

Humphrey de Bohun, who was Earl of Hereford and 
lord high constable of England, in right of his mother. 
He m. Margaret, daughter of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon 
and Northumberland, d.v.p 1152 (and widow of Conale 
Petit, Earl of Brittany and Richmond, and sister of William 
the Lion, king of Scots), eldest son of David I., King of 
Scots, by his wife, Matilda, widow of Simon de St. Liz, and 
daughter of Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland and North- 
ampton, beheaded in 1075, ^^^ ^^^^ wife, a niece of William 
the Conqueror. Lady Margaret's mother, m. 1 139, d. 1 178, 
was Ada de Warren, daughter of William, second Earl of 
Surrey (by his wife, Isabel, or Elizabeth, d. 1131, widow of 
Robert, Earl of Mellent, and daughter of Hugh the Great, 
Count de Vermandois, son of Henry I., King of France), 
the son of William de Warren, Earl of Surrey, by his wife, 
Gundreda, the reputed daughter of William the Conqueror, 
or the daughter of his consort. Queen Maud, or Matilda, of 
Flanders, by Gherbod, advocate of the Abbey of St. Bestin, 
at St Omer, before her marriage to William of Normandy. 
Humphrey de Bohun and Lady Margaret had : 

Henry de Bohun, eldest son and heir, who in reality was 
the first Earl of Hereford of this family, being so created 
by charter of King John, dated April 28, 1199; but the 
office of lord high constable he inherited. As he took 
prominent part with the Barons against the king, his lands 
were sequestered, but he received them again at the sealing 
of the Magna Charta. He was elected one of the cele- 
brated twenty-five Sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta, and having been excommunicated by the Pope, with 
the other Barons, he did not return to his allegiance on the 
decease of King John, but was one of the commanders in 
the army of Louis, the Dauphin, at the batde of Lincoln, 



82 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

and was taken prisoner. After this defeat he joined Saher 
de Quincey, and others, in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, 
and d. on the passage, June i, 1220, 4 Henry III. His body 
was brought home and buried in the chapter-house of 
Llanthony Abbey, in Gloucestershire. 

He m. Maud, daughter of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, Baron de 
Mandeville, created, in 11 99, Earl of Essex, Justiciary of 
England, d. 121 2, and eventually heiress of her brother, 
William de Mandeville, last Earl of Essex of that family, 
by whom he acquired the honor of Essex and many exten- 
sive lordships, and sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, one of 
the celebrated twenty-five Magna Charta Sureties, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, second Earl of Hereford and Essex. 

Margaret, wife of Waleran de Newburgh, fourth Earl of 
Warwick. 

Ralph de Bohun. 

Arms. — Azure ; a Bend Argent y between two CoUises and 
six Lions rampant^ Or. 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 83 



GILBERT DE CLARE 

An account of the ancestry of this Baron is given in the 
sketch of his father, Richard de Clare. He was granted 
some Welsh lordships in 1210-11 by King John, and forti- 
fied the castle of Buelth, in Wales, but shortly afterwards, 
with his father, took up arms with the Barons against the 
king in the interests of civil and religious liberty, and was 
elected one of the celebrated Sureties for the Magna Charta, 
and was excommunicated. He was one of the Barons still 
opposing the arbitrary proceedings of the crown, who cham- 
pioned Louis, the Dauphin, fought at Lincoln under the 
baronial banner, and was taken prisoner by the Earl of 
Pembroke, the Protector of England, and sent to Glouces- 
ter, but soon afterwards made his peace and married one of 
the five daughters, and coheiresses of her five brothers, of 
the Protector. After the decease of his father, in 1 2 1 8, he 
became the fifth Earl of Hertford, and after the decease, in 
1 2 19, of Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, the second 
husband of Isabel, the divorced wife of King John,, sister of 
his mother. Lady Amicia, daughters and coheiresses of 
William, Earl of Gloucester, he became, in right of his aunt 
and his mother. Earl of Gloucester. 

He m. Isabel Marshall, one of the daughters and eventu- 
ally coheiresses of William, Earl of Pembroke, Protector of 
England, by his first wife, Isabel de Clare, and dying in 
1229, 14 Henry III., at Penros, in Brittany, was buried in 
the choir of Tewkesbury Abbey, having issue by Lady 
Isabel, who after his decease m. Richard, Earl of Cornwall, 
brother of King Henry III. : 

Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester. He 



84 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

was in his minority at the death of his father, and his 
wardship was granted to the celebrated Hubert de Burgh, 
Earl of Kent, Justiciary of England, whose daughter Mar- 
garet, to the great displeasure of King Henry III., he after- 
wards clandestinely married, but from whom he was prob- 
ably divorced, as the king married him the next year to 
Maud, daughter of John de Lacie, Earl of Lincoln, in con- 
sideration whereof the Earl of Lincoln paid to the crown 
five thousand marks and remitted a debt of two thousand 
more. This Richard de Clare was a very distinguished 
personage in the reign of Henry III., and was one of the 
noblemen present in Westminster Hall, 40 Henry III., when 
Boniface, Archbishop of Canterbury, pronounced a solemn 
curse from the altar against all those who should thenceforth 
violate the Magna Charta. 

The other children of Gilbert de Clare, the Surety, were : 

William de Clare. 

Gilbert de Clare. 

Amicia, wife of Baldwin de Redvers, Earl of Devon ; d. s. p. 

Agnes de Clare. 

Isabel, wife of Robert de Brus, Earl of Annandale. Issue. 

Arms. — Or : three Chevrons, Gules. 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 85 



RICHARD DE CLARE 

Richard Fitz-Gilbert was the founder of the House of 
Clare in England. He accompanied William the Conqueror 
into England, and participated in the spoils of conquest, 
and obtained extensive possessions in the new and old do- 
minions of his royal leader and kinsman. He was the eldest 
son of Gislebert, surnamed Crispin, Count of Eu, or Ewe, 
Earl of Brion, in Normandy, in right of his wife, sister and 
heiress of the Earl of Brion, and by inheritance from his 
father, Geoffrey (or Godfrey), Earl or Count of Eu and 
Brion, or Bryomy, a natural son of Richard I., Sanspeur, 
third Duke of Normandy, d. 986, ancestor of William the 
Conqueror. 

In 6 William I., Richard was joined, under the designation 
of Ricardus de Benefacta, with William de Warren, Earl 
of Surrey, in the great office of Justiciary of England, with 
whom in three years afterwards he was in arms against the 
rebellious Barons, the Earl of Hereford, and the Earl of 
Norfolk and Suffolk. At the time of the General Survey 
of England he was designated as Ricardus de Tonebruge, 
from his seat at Tonebruge (now Tunbridge), in Kent, which 
town and castle he had obtained from the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, in lieu of the casde of Brion, at which time he 
is recorded as possessed of thirty-eight lordships in Surrey, 
thirty-five in Essex, three in Cambridgeshire, ninety-five in 
Suffolk, and some in Wilts and Devon. One of these lord- 
ships was that of Clare, on the borders of and in Suffolk, 
which subsequently becoming his chief seat, he came to 
be styled Richard de Clare, and his descendants known as 
Earls of Clare, although never so created. He fell in a skir- 



86 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

mish with the Welsh, having issue by his wife Rohese, or 
Rohais, daughter of Walter Giffard, first Earl of Bucking- 
ham, son of Osborne de Bolebec and his wife Aveline, 
sister of Gunnora, wife of Richard I., third Duke of Nor- 
mandy, great-grandmother of William the Conqueror. 
Walter Giffard was distinguished for gallant action in the 
batde of Hastings. He assisted in making the General 
Survey of England, and is recorded as the owner of one 
hundred and seven lordships in the kingdom. He was the 
commander of the army of William Rufus, in Normandy, in 
1089, and in 1102 sided with Robert Curthose against 
Henry I., and died in this year. 

Gilbert de Tonebruge, eldest son of Robert Fitz-Gilbert, 
inherited all his father's English estates. He appears to 
have joined in the rebellion against King William Rufus, 
and lost his casde of Tonebruge, and, dying shordy after- 
wards, a munificent benefactor of the church, left issue by 
his wife, Adeliza, daughter of Hugh, first Count de Cler- 
mont, by his wife Margaret, daughter of Hildwin IV., Count 
de Montdider and de Rouci, by his wife Adela, or Alexan- 
dria, Countess de Rouci, whose mother, Beatrix, was a 
daughter of Ranigerus, or Rynerius V., Count of Hainault, 
977, and his wife, the Princess Havide, or Hedewige, 
daugher of Hugh Capet, King of the Franks, 987, by his 
wife Adela, or Alisa, daughter of William, Duke of Aqui- 
taine and Adelheid, daughter of Otto I,, Emperor of Saxony. 
Of this distinguished ancestry was 

Richard de Clare, eldest son and heir of Gilbert de 
Tonebruge. He was known as the Earl of Hertford, as well 
as Earl of Clare, and invaded Wales and became lord of 
vast possessions there by power of his sword, but finally was 
slain in a skirmish with a few Welshmen, 11 39. He had 
issue by his wife Alice, or Adeliza, daughter of Ranulph de 
Meschines, Viscount Bayeux, in Normandy, third Earl of 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 87 

Chester, d. 1228 (by his wife Lucia, daughter of Algar, 
Saxon Earl of Mercia, and widow of Roger de Romera), 
whose mother was Maud de Abrincis, sister of the cele- 
brated Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester. 

Roger de Clare, second son of the above, succeeded his 
brother Gilbert, who d.s. p. 1 151, as third Earl of Hertford 
and " Earl of Clare." In 3 Henry II. he obtained permission 
from the king to own all lands in Wales which he could win, 
marched into Caerdigan, and captured and fortified the cas- 
tles there. Six years afterwards he was summoned by the 
celebrated Thomas 4 Becket, to Westminster, in order to do 
homage to this prelate for his castle of Tonebruge, which 
had been restored to his father, but, at the command of 
King Henry, he refused, alleging that, holding it by military 
service, it belonged rather to the crown than to the Church. 
This earl, who, from his munificence to the church and his 
numerous acts of piety, was called the "good Earl of Hert- 
ford," d. in 1 173, having issue by his wife Maud, daughter of 
James de St Hillary, or Sidonis, who m. secondly, William 
d'Albini, Earl of Arundel : 

• Richard de Clare, fourth Earl of Hertford and sixth 
Earl of Clare. In 7 Richard I. he gave a thousand marks 
to the king for livery of the lands of his mother's inher- 
itance, with his proportion of those some time belonging to 
Giflfard, Earl of Buckingham. His name appears in the 
covenant made between King John and the Barons, and as 
he did not die until " the 3d of the Calends of December 
in the yeare after Christ 12 18," — December 30, 12 18, — and 
there being no other prominent man of his name, it is very 
likely that he was the Surety named. He was buried either 
at Clare, or in the middle of the choir of the priory of Tun- 
bridge, which he founded. He had issue by his wife Ami- 
cia, sister of King John's divorced wife, and second daugh- 
ter and coheiress of William, second Earl of Gloucester, 



88 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

d.s.p.m. 1 1 83 (by his wife Mabel, daughter of Robert- 
bossu de Bellomont, or Beaumont, second Earl of Leicester, 
d. 1 1 67, a stanch adherent of Henry I. and of the interests 
of Henry II., upon whose accession to the throne he was 
constituted Justiciary of England), son of Robert the Con- 
sul, Earl of Mellent, who was created, in 1109, Earl of 
Gloucester, a natural son of King Henry I. by Elizabeth de 
Bellomont, daughter of Robert, Earl of Mellent, created, in 
1 103, Earl of Leicester, and his wife Isabel (or Elizabeth) de 
Vermandois, daughter of Hugh Magnus, a son of Henry 
L, King of France. Richard de Clare had by his wife. 
Lady Amicia : 

Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester. 

Joan, m. Rhys-gryd, lord of Yestradtywy. Issue. 

Maud, or Matilda de Clare. 

The arms usually assigned to this earl are Or; three 
Chevrons, Gules, but in Cook's Baronage, Harleian collec- 
tion, there is the addition of an Escutcheon of Pretence, 
Argent, charged with a Canton, Gules. 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 89 



JOHN FITZ-ROBERT 

The founder of the family in England from which this 
Surety sprung, was Eustace Fitz-John (the nephew and 
heir of Serlo de Burgh, the founder of Knaresborough 
Castle), one of the most powerful and influential of the 
northern feudal Barons, and a favorite of King Henry I. 
He m. first, the heiress of the de Vescis, of Alnwick, and had 
a son William, founder of the House of de Vesci, and m. 
secondly, Lady Agnes, daughter and heiress of William Fitz- 
Nigel, Baron of Halton and constable of Chester, and had : 

Richard Fitz-Eustace, Baron of Halton and constable 
of Chester, who m. Lady Albreda Lizures, a half-sister of 
Robert de Lacy, and had : 

Roger Fitz-Richard, third and youngest son, who was 
granted by Henry II. the lordship of Warkworth, in North- 
umberland, who had by his wife. Lady Alianore, daughter of 
Henry of Essex, Baron of Raleigh : 

Robert Fitz-Roger, only son. Upon the accession of 
King John he obtained a confirmation of the castle and 
manor of Warkworth, and of the manors of Clavering, in 
Essex, and Eure, in Buckinghamshire, to hold by service of 
one knight's fee each. He was thrice high sheriff" of each 
of the counties of Northumberland, Norfolk, and Suffolk. 
In the early proceedings of the Barons in the matter of the 
Magna Charta, this rich Baron, although indebted to King 
John for immense territorial possessions, took sides with the 
Barons ; but under apprehension of confiscation and other 
visitations of royal vengeance, he was induced to return to 
his allegiance. 

He m. Lady Margaret, only child and heiress of William 



90 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

de Cheney, Baron of Horsford, County Norfolk, and, dying 
in 1 240, was succeeded by his only son : 

John Fitz-Robert, In the fourteenth year of his reign 
King John ratified to this Baron the grants of the manors 
of Warkworth and Clavering. At the time of meeting 
of the Barons at Bury St. Edmunds, this Baron was still 
loyal to King John, and was, with John Marshall, joint gov- 
ernor of the castles of Norwich and Oxford ; but subse- 
quently joining in the insurrection, and, taking such a 
prominent part that he was chosen one of the twenty-five 
Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta, his lands 
were seized by the king, and confiscated. Returning to his 
allegiance in the next reign, his castles and vast estates were 
restored to him, and he was constituted by Henry III. high 
sheriff of County Northumberland and governor of New 
Casde-upon-Tyne. This Baron, who never appears to have 
received any summons to Parliament, his barony being held 
by tenure, dying in the same year his father did, 1 240, had 
issue, by his wife. Lady Ada de Baliol, probably daughter of 
Hugh de Baliol, lord of Biwell and Hiche, who was on 
John's side in the baronial insurrection, and did him good 
service in the North : 

Roger Fitz-John, lord of Warkworth and Clavering, d. 
1 249. Issue. 

Hugh d'Eure, lord of Eure, Buckinghamshire. Issue. 

Robert, ancestor of the Eure family of Axholm, Lincoln- 
shire. Issue. 

Arms. — Or: two Chevrons, Gules. 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 9 1 



ROBERT FITZ-W ALTER 

Robert Fitz-Richard, fifth son of Richard Fitz-Gilbert, 
lord of Clare, in Suffolk, Justiciary of England, 1073, being 
steward to King Henry I., obtained from that monarch the 
barony of Dunmow, in Essex, forfeited by William Baynard, 
as also the honor of Baynard Castle, in the city of London, 
and, dying about 1 1 34, he had issue by his wife, Maud, Lady 
of Bradham, reputed daughter of Simon de St. Liz, first 
Earl of Huntingdon : 

Walter Fffz-Robert, lord of Dunmow, eldest son. In 
the controversy between the Earl of Moreton, brother of 
King Richard I., and the Bishop of Ely, governor of the 
realm during the king's absence in the Holy Land, Walter 
adhered to the bishop, and was given the custody of the 
Casde of Eye, in Suffolk; He m. first, Maud, daughter of 
Richard de Lucie, with whom he had the lordship of Disce, 
in Norfolk, and m. secondly, Margaret de Bohun, and, dying 
in 1 198, was succeeded by his eldest son, by his first wife, 
who d.mii 40, who was a sister of Geoffrey de Lucie, Bishop 
of Winchester : 

Robert Fitz-W alter, lord of Dunmow, leader of the 
Barons who secured the Magna Charta from King John, and 
styled Marshal of the Army of God and the Holy Church. 
The first public act recorded of this subsequendy important 
Baron, who was castellan and standard-bearer of the city 
of London, conveys at first a bad impression of him. It is 
recorded that "in 5 John (1203) Robert Fitz-Walter, being 
trusted, together with Saier de Quincey, to keep the casde 
of Ruil, in France, delivered it up to the king of that realm 
so soon as he came before it with an army." This appears 



92 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS' 

to imply not less of disloyalty than of cowardice; but a 
short time proved to which of these motives it was to be as- 
signed. At that time the Barons, not only those at home 
but those abroad, were preparing to try to compel King 
John to keep his promises in the matter of the proposed 
statutes, and several conspiracies to this end were discov- 
ered, wherein Robert Fitz-Walter was materially concerned. 
On the discovery of his treasonable practices, Fitz-Walter, 
with his wife and children, sought an asylum in France ; but 
in the following year, 12 13, his friends persuaded him to 
return home, and with the other Barons he was reconciled 
to King John. But this friendship was only of short dura- 
tion, for shortly it was again discovered that he was still 
plotting against the king in the interests of reform in the 
government, so his residence in London, the Casde of Bay- 
nard, was, in consequence, entirely destroyed, and the hatred 
between John and Fitz-Walter was violent in the greatest 
degree. Tradition has assigned a disgraceful act on the 
part of King John as the principal cause of this, which was 
no less than an attempt to procure Fitz-Walter's daughter, 
Maud, for one of his concubines. But whether this is truth 
or fiction, Fitz-Walter's opposition seemed to be dominated 
by the desire for the Magna Charta, and his feelings and 
conduct were engulfed in the agitated sea of history which 
opened at this period. 

To endeavor to win him over to his side. King John pre- 
tended to admire Fitz-Walter's skill, prowess, and valor in a 
tournament, which took place in Normandy, before the courts 
of the kings of England and France, and, making this an 
excuse, restored to him the whole of his forfeited estates 
and permitted him to repair his destroyed fortresses, and 
constituted him governor of Hertford Casde, 12 14-15. But 
Fitz-Walter's heart was still in the cause of the Barons, and 
he was soon again in open opposition to the king. His lands 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 93 

were again seized, which course effectually secured him to 
the discontented Barons and the people. The active spirit 
of Fitz-Walter made him a desirable leader to their party, 
and he was selected as one of the commissioners to 
treat of a composure of differences at a meeting at Erith 
Church, to which he had letters of safe-conduct, and sub- 
sequendy he was formally elected their leader under the 
title of " Marshal of God and the Holy Church in England." 
To relate his subsequent connection with the efforts to pro- 
cure the Magna Charta, of which he was one of the twenty- 
five celebrated Sureties, would be to repeat the story of this 
period. 

After the granting of the Magna Charta, when King John 
endeavored to elude his promises, Fitz-Walter was one of the 
committee of the baronial party which went to France to invite 
the Dauphin to accept the throne of England, and on this 
prince's coming he, with William de Mandeville and William 
de Huntingfield, reduced the counties of Essex and Suffolk 
to the authority of the Dauphin. Upon the accession of 
Henry III., Fitz-Walter, then a prisoner, with the majority 
of the Barons, finding the Dauphin a useless political factor, 
dropped him, and returned to their allegiance, and engaged 
to ship him back to France. However, as the civil conflict 
was renewed, we find Fitz-Walter again in arms. One of 
the haughty and ambitious spirits yet unconquered by the 
king was Saher de Quincey. He would not yield the casde 
of Mountsorrel, in Leicestershire. When William Marshall, 
the Protector, proceeded with part of the royal army to be- 
siege it, de Quincey called on his fellow-Sureties to assist 
him. They raised a force of about twenty thousand armed 
men and placed themselves under the leadership of the 
Dauphin, and Fitz-Walter appears as one of his principal 
generals. The two armies met and fought the battle of 
Lincoln, the royal army being victorious, and Fitz-Walter 



94 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

was once more made prisoner along with de Quincey. But, 
in 1 218, he was allowed to assume the cross and join a 
crusade, when he took part in the famous siege of Damietta, 
returned home and died a peaceful death in 1234, and was 
buried before the high-altar of Dunmow Priory. Notwith- 
standing his enmity to Kings John and Henry IIL, and the 
frequent confiscations of his property, Fitz- Walter died pos- 
sessed of an extensive estate. 

Robert Fitz-Walter m. first, Gunora, daughter and heiress 
of Robert, second Baron de Valoinies, by his wife, Roesia, 
daughter of William, fifth feudal Baron le Blount, or Blund, 
and m. secondly, Roese, who survived him, but whose sur- 
name has not been preserved. By his first wife he had : 

Sir Walter Fitz-Walter, eldest son and successor, cl. 
1257-8. Isstie. 

Christiana, second wife of William de Mandeville, Earl of 
Essex, cl. s.p. 1 190. She m. secondly, Raymond de Burgh. 

Maud or Matilda Fitz-Walter, d. young and unm., whom 
it is alleged King John tried to procure as his concubine, 
and failing in which he caused her to be poisoned. She was 
buried on the south side of the choir of Dunmow Priory. 
See Gough's "Sepulchral Monuments." The persecution 
and romantic death of this young lady has been worked up 
into many plays, poems, and popular tales, her name appear- 
ing under that of " Matilda the Fair ;'* " Malkin," or " Maid 
Marian, the Queen of the May ;'* the Sherwood Forest mis- 
tress of " Robin Hood," or Robert, Earl of Huntingdon. 

Arms. — Or; a Fesse between two Chevrons^ Gules. 



« 



lOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 95 



WILLIAM DE FORTIBUS 

This Baron had his most distinguished ancestry on his 
mother's side. She was Hawyse, widow of William de 
Mandeville, Earl of Essex and Earl of Albemarle, jure 
uxoris, who d. s. p. 1190, and daughter and coheiress of 
William le Grosse, third Earl of Albemarle and Earl of 
York, a person of great note in the period in which he 
lived. In 1 1 38 he defeated the Scots under King David at 
North Allerton, when they had invaded England and claimed 
Northumberland, and for his gallantry upon this occasion he 
was rewarded with the earldom of York. He flf. 1 1 79, leaving 
issue by his wife Cicily, daughter of William Fitz-Duncan 
(nephew of Malcom III., King of Scots) by his wife Alice, 
daughter of Robert de Romely, lord of Skipton, in Craven, 
etc. : Hawyse, who m. secondly, William de Fortibus, who 
was Earl of Albemarle, in right of his wife, and was consti- 
tuted by Richard Coeur de Lion one of the admirals of the 
fleet in which this king soon afterwards sailed towards 
Jerusalem. De Fortibus d. in 1 194, having had by Hawyse 
a son, William, who was the youngest of the Sureties for 
the Magna Charta, and his widow m. thirdly, Baldwine de 
Bertune, Earl of the Isle of Wight, who d. s.p. 12 12. 

William de Fortibus became of age in 12 14-15, when 
King John confirmed to him all the lands which accrued to 
him by inheritance from his mother, and he succeeded in her 
right as Earl of Albemarle, or Aumerle, in Normandy. He 
arrayed himself on the side of the Barons in their conten- 
tions with King John, and was one of the celebrated twenty- 
five chosen to enforce the observance of the Magna Charta, 
but he subsequently deserted the Barons and joined King 



96 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

John in his expedition into the north, so marked by spoil 
and rapine. For his services the king granted him all the 
lands belonging to his sister Alice, then wife of William 
Marshall, Jr., and constituted him, in 1218, governor of the 
castles of Rockingham, in Northamptonshire, Sauvey, in 
Leicestershire, and Botham, in Lincolnshire, with strict com- 
mand to destroy all the houses, parks, and possessions of 
those Barons who were in arms against the king. In the 
reign of Henry III. this nobleman fought under the royal 
banner at the batde of Lincoln, and shared largely in the 
spoils of victory. He was subsequendy alternately for and 
against the king. His rapacious personal excursions being 
opposed by the king, his submission was procured only by 
excommunication. In 1230 he was one of the commanders 
of the royal troops in Normandy, and in 1241, having set 
out on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he died on the Med- 
iterranean Sea, March 29. He m. Aveline, sister and co- 
heiress of Richard, Baron de Montfichet, one of the twenty- 
five Sureties for the Magna Charta, and was succeeded by 
his only son : 

William de Fortibus, Earl of Albemarle, whose only 
child. Lady Aveline, Countess of Holderness and Countess 
of Devon and the Isle of Wight, m. as his first wife, Ed- 
mund Plantagenet, a son of King Henry III., and d. s. p. 

Arms. — Argent: a Chiefs Gules. 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 97 



WILLIAM DE HARDELL 

But very litde is known of the antecedents of this Surety, 
nor, in fact, of himself He was the mayor of the city of 
London (the first mayor by popular election of the citizens) 
at the time of the insurrection of the Barons, and very likely 
induced the citizens to deliver up one of the gates of the 
city, Aldgate, to the Barons, through which they entered the 
city, Sunday morning, May 24, 121 5, while the people were 
at mass, and, for the part he took in subsequent proceed- 
ings, was elected one of the Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta. There is no evidence that he was even 
a feudal Baron, and, being a civil officer of so early a period, 
there is some doubt as to his arms. He served as sheriff of 
the city of London, in 1 207. It is not known that he had 
descendants. For several years, temp. Henry III., Richard, 
or Ralph, Hardell, a draper, was mayor of London. He 
may have been a descendant, but his arms were different. 
A William Hardell was clerk of the wardrobe to Henry III. 
in 1245-6, and a John Hardell was elected in 1246-7, on 
the king's writ, to be keeper of the die of the mint of Lon- 
don. A family of this surname held many estates in County 
Essex, in 1284-5. His surname is sometimes given as 
Hadel. 

Arms. — Vert ; a Fesse flary and counter flary. Or. 



98 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



WILLIAM DE HUNTINGFIELD 

Roger de Huntingfield, who held the manor of Hunt- 
ingfield, in County Suffolk, as undertenant, temp. Henry I., 
of Robert Malet, was apparendy first to assume this sur- 
name, and was the founder of this family. His son, Wil- 
liam DE Huntingfield, d. i Henry II., 1155, having a son 
and successor, Roger de Huntingfield, whose eldest 
son: 

William de Huntingfield, was one of the celebrated 
twenty-five Sureties. In 5 John, 1203-4, he was constable 
of Devon Castle, and took the usual oath of office before 
the king, and delivered his son to the Earl of Arundel and 
his daughter to the Earl of Ferrers, as hostages for his good 
faith. Five years after this he was one of the itinerant jus- 
tices, at Lincoln, and some time was high sheriff of Norfolk 
and Suffolk, until the end of 1 2 1 3-14, 1 5 John. He was gov- 
ernor of Sauvey Casde, in Leicestershire, when he joined the 
cause of the Barons in arms against King John, and, having 
been elected one of the twenty-five to govern the kingdom, 
was excommunicated by the Pope, and his lands given to 
Nicholas de Haya. He seems partly to have returned to 
his allegiance, since, in 1 2 1 6, King John restored to him the 
manor of Clayford, in Hants. But he does not seem to 
have been thoroughly reconstructed to the satisfaction of the 
Protector, Earl of Pembroke, as his possessions in several 
counties were transferred to John Marshall, but they were 
probably restored at the general amnesty. 

Very likely the cause of the Protector's severity towards 
this baron was that he was one of those who plotted to have 
the Dauphin come to England, and after his landing was 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 99 

very active in reducing the counties of Essex and Suffolk 
to his authority. He was one of the witnesses to the 
Charter King John granted in 1 2 1 4, allowing free ecclesias- 
tical elections throughout England. His brother Roger's 
possessions were all seized into the king's hands during the 
interdict, and subsequendy were granted to William. 

William de Huntingfield d. 41 Henry III., 1256-7, having 
issue by his wife, Alice de St Liz : 

Roger de Huntingfield, d. 1257. Issue. 

Alice, who married twice, but the name of her first hus- 
band has not been preserved. Her father paid a fine of 
**six fair Norway Goshawks," 15 John, to the king, for lib- 
erty to marry Alice, his daughter, then a widow, to Richard 
de Solers. 

Arms. — Or ; on a Fesse^ Gules, three Plates. 



I(X) THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



JOHN DE LACIE 

The widow, Albreda, whose surname has not been pre- 
served, of Henry, feudal Baron de Lacie, of Pontefract 
Casde, Yorkshire, temp. Henry II., m, secondly, Kudo de 
Lisours, and had by him an only daughter and heiress, Al- 
breda, who m. first, Richard Fitz-Eustace, lord of Halton and 
constable of Chester, and had by him a son and heir : 

John de Lacie, who inherited the baronies of Halton and 
Pontefract, with the constableship of Chester, and assumed 
the surname de Lacie. He d. in the Holy Land, 1179, 
having issue by his wife, Alice de Vere : 

Roger de Lacie, lord of Halton and Pontefract and con- 
stable of Chester. In 1192 he assisted at the siege of 
Agon, under Richard the Lion-Hearted, and shared in the 
subsequent triumphs of this chivalrous monarch. At the 
accession of John he was a person of great eminence, and 
was one of the noblemen who escorted William of Scodand 
to Lincoln to confer with King John, and the next year he 
was present, also at Lincoln, when David of Scodand did 
homage and fealty to King John. Receiving word that the 
Earl of Chester, who had invaded Wales, was forced to take 
refuge in Rothelan Casde, where he was closely besieged by 
the Welsh, as constable, Roger de Lacie collected all the 
men of all descriptions attending a public fair at Chester, 
and marched to his relief, and upon their approach the 
Welshmen fled. For this timely service the Earl of Chester 
conferred upon de Lacie and his heirs the patronage of all 
minstrels in those parts, as many of the rescuing force were 
simply minstrels, musicians, and actors, which patronage the 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES lOI 

constable transferred to his steward, Dutton, and his heirs, 
and it was long enjoyed by them. 

He d. in 121 1, having issue by his wife Alice, daughter of 
Geoffrey, third Baron Mandeville, hereditary sheriff of 
London and Middlesex, and sheriff of Hertfordshire, 
created Earl of Essex by King Stephen, by his first wife, 
whose name has not been preserved : 

John de Lacie, Baron of Halton and hereditary con- 
stable of Chester, who, in 15 John, undertook the payment 
of seven thousand marks (four thousand six hundred and 
sixty-six pounds) in the space of four years, for livery of 
the lands of his inheritance, and to be discharged of all his 
father's debts, further obliging himself by oath, that in case 
he should ever swerve from his allegiance all his possessions 
should devolve upon the crown ; promising also that he 
would not marry without the king's license. By this agree- 
ment it was arranged that the king should retain the castles 
of Pontefract and Dunnington, and that de Lacie should 
pay him rent for their use. This was a hard bargain, and it 
is not surprising that shortly afterwards he joined the baro- 
nial standard as one of the earliest who took up arms, and 
was elected one of the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta. He was also appointed to see that the new 
statutes were properly carried into effect and observed in 
the counties of York and Nottingham, and was, of course, 
excommunicated by the Pope. Upon the accession of 
Henry III. he joined a party of noblemen and made a pil- 
grimage to the Holy Land, and did good service at the 
siege of Damietta. 

During the dispute between Henry III. and Richard, lord 
marshal, John de Lacie remained attached to the king, prob- 
ably because of his gratitude, as this monarch had created 
him, by charter dated November 23, 1232, Earl of Lincoln, 
with remainder to the heirs of his body, by his wife Marga- 



I02 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

ret, in whose right only he had previously enjoyed the title. 
In 1237 the Earl was one of those appointed to prohibit 
Otto, the Pope's legate, from establishing anything derog- 
atory to the king's crown and dignity, in the great council 
of English prelates, and was deputed with the marshal to 
protect the legate as he went to and from the council. In 
this year, and in 1 240, he had a grant of the sheriffalty of 
Chester, and was made governor of Chester and Beeston 
Castle. He d. July 22, 1240, and was buried in the Cister- 
cian Abbey of Stanlaw, in the county of Chester. 

John de Lacie, Earl of Lincoln, m. first, Alice, daughter of 
Gilbert d'Aquila, but had no issue by her. He m. secondly, 
after his marked gallantry at the siege of Damietta, Marga- 
ret, the only daughter and heiress of Robert de Quincey, a 
fellow-crusader, who died in the Holy Land, eldest son of 
Saier de Quincey, Earl of Winchester, one of the twenty- 
five Sureties for the Magna Charta. Her mother was 
Hawyse, a sister and coheiress of Ranulph de Meschines, 
fourth Earl of Chester and Lincoln, and daughter of Hugh, 
third Earl of Chester. Earl Ranulph, by a formal charter, 
granted the earldom of Lincoln to said Hawyse, so that she 
could be a countess and that her heirs might enjoy the earl- 
dom, which grant was confirmed by the king, and at the 
especial request of the Countess of Lincoln, John de Lacie, 
her son-in-law, was created Earl of Lincoln, in 1232. John, 
Earl of Lincoln, had by Lady Margaret, who survived him, 
and m. secondly, William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke : 

Edmund de Lacie, second Earl of Lincoln, d. 1257. He is 
called the second Earl, although the title was never attrib- 
uted to him in any charter, by reason that he died before 
his mother, through whom the dignity came. Dugdale 
states that he married, in 1247, "an oudandish lady from 
the parts of Savoy, brought over purposely for him by Peter 
de Savoy, uncle to the queen, which occasioned much dis 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 103 

content amongst the nobles of England/' This lady was 
Alice, daughter of the Marquess of Saluces, in Italy, and a 
cousin of the queen. 

Maud, wife of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. 
John, Earl of Lincoln, was promised the marriage of his 
eldest daughter to Richard de Clare, in the event of the 
king not marrying him to a daughter of the Earl of March, 
and for this grant he engaged to pay five thousand marks. 
This agreement, having been made without the consent of 
the Barons, excited considerable dissatisfaction, especially in 
the elder de Clare. 

Daughter, name unknown. She and her sister, after 
their father's death, were removed to Windsor and educated 
with the king's daughters. 

Arms. — Or ; a Lion rampant^ Purpure. 



I04 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 






s 



WILLIAM DE LANVALLEI 



This Baron was the son of William de Lanvallei, feudal 
lord of Hallingbury and Stanway, in County Essex, who d. 
12 John, I2IO-II, and whose estates do not appear to have 
been of any very considerable extent, since his widow paid 
only two hundred marks (;^i 33-6-8) for their delivery. 

William de Lanvallei, the younger, in 17 John, 121 5-16, 

was governor of Colchester Castle when he joined the in- 

i surgent Barons, who constituted him one of the twenty-five 

elected to govern the kingdom, and he was likewise a party 
to that Covenant which yielded to them the city and Tower 
of London. He appears to have been reconciled to Henry 
III. at the great treaty in 121 7, but there are no further 
particulars extant concerning him. 

In 14 John, 1 212-13, Alan Basset, of Wycombe, who is 
named in the Magna Charta as one of the king's liegemen, 
and also the same in the first Charter of Henry III., dated 
November 12, 12 16, gave the king two hundred marks and 
" an excellent palfry,*' that his daughter might marry Wil- 
liam de Lanvallei, who was also to be discharged of his 
relief upon doing his homage. The issue of this marriage 
was an only daughter and heiress : 

Hawise, wife of John de Burgh. Issue. 

Arms. — Gu/es; a Lion passant, Or. 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 105 



WILLIAM DE MALET 

This Surety was the son of Robert de Malet, feudal lord 
of the honors of Eye and Huntingfield, in Suffolk, Great 
Chamberlain of England, temp. Henry I., who was " banished 
and disinherited,*' and who was probably the son or grandson 
of William de Malet, one of the commanders in William of 
Normandy's army of invasion, and appointed governor of 
York Castle, who was probably the brother of King Harold's 
wife. 

William de Malet appears to be first mentioned as a 
minor, in 1194, in an expedition then made into Normandy, 
and in the ensuing year he had delivery of his inheritance. 
His estates, including the principal one, Curry-Malet, in 
Somersetshire, were held by the service of twenty knights' 
fees. In 1 210-14 he was sheriff of Somerset and Dor- 
set shires, when he joined the Barons in their insurrection. 
His lands in four counties were thereupon confiscated and 
given to Hugh de Vivonia, his son-in-law, and Thomas Bas- 
set, his father-in-law, and he was excommunicated by Pope 
Innocent, having become one of the Sureties for the ob- 
servance of the Magna Charta. He was also fined two 
thousand marks, but which was not paid till after his de- 
cease, when one thousand marks were remitted, being found 
due to him for military service to King John in Poictou. 

William de Malet d. 9 Henry III., 1224-5, having issue 
by his wife, who predeceased him, daughter of Thomas 
Basset, who was a son, or grandson, of Ralph Basset, who 
was constituted Justiciary of England by Henry II., and in- 
troduced into the kingdom many salutary laws, especially 
that of frank-pledge : 

8 



I06 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

William de Malet, eldest son, d. s. /., v. p. His sisters 
were his heirs. 

Hugh de Fichett, d. v. p. Isstu. 

Mabel, wife of Hugh de Vivonia, or Vyvon. Issiu. Her 
son, William de Vyvon, m. Maud, widow of William de 
Kyme, and daughter of William de Ferrers, seventh earl 
of Derby, and his wife, Sybil, a daughter of William Mar- 
shall, the Protector, Earl of Pembroke, and sister of William 
Marshall, the Surety, and had issue : 

Hawise (Hawyse, Helewise, Heloise), who m, first, Rob- 
ert de Muscegros, and had Sir Robert de Muscegros, who 
had John, father of Sir Robert, of Charlton, in Somerset, 
whose daughter Hawyse m. John de Ferrers, of Chartley, 
a grandson of William, seventh earl of Derby, whose wife 
was a granddaughter of Saher de Quincey, the Surety, and 
m. secondly, Hugh de Pointz. Issue. 

Arms. — Gules; a Lion rampant^ Or, debruised with a 
Bendlety Ermine. 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 107 



• GEOFFREY DE MANDEVILLE 

Geoffrey de Magnaville, or de Magna Villa, of Nor- 
mandy, was among the companions of the Duke of Nor- 
mandy when he invaded and conquered England, and ob- 
tained as his share of the spoils of conquest many valuable 
manors in a dozen counties, and seated himself at Waldene, 
He was constituted constable of the Tower of London for 
life, and at his decease was succeeded by his son : 

William de Mandeville, who had by his wife Margaret, 
only daughter and heiress of Eudo, dapifer or steward to 
King William, a daughter, Beatrix de Mandeville (see be- 
low), and Geoffrey de Mandeville, who in 5 Stephen had 
livery of his inheritance, and was advanced by special char- 
ter by King Stephen from the degree of baron by tenure to 
the dignity of Earl of Essex, in order to secure his services. 
But the Empress Maud, by a more ample charter, allured 
him to her party, confirming to him whatsoever his ances- 
tors had owned or enjoyed, particularly the Tower of Lon- 
don, with the castle under it, to strengthen and fortify at his 
pleasure, and bestowed upon him the hereditary sheriffalty 
of London and Middlesex and of Hertfordshire, and the 
lands and office of Eudo le Dapifer, and numerous other 
valuable immunities. As soon as King Stephen heard of this 
he seized the earl and made him disgorge everything con- 
ferred upon him, or inherited, to regain his liberty. Where- 
fore, the earl and his brother-in-law, William de Say, in re- 
venge, raided the king's property and churches whenever 
they could. At last, being publicly excommunicated for his 
many outrages, he besieged Burwell Casde, in Kent, and 
was mortally wounded. This noble oudaw m. Rohesia, 



I08 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

daughter of Alberic de Vere, Earl of Oxford, Chief Justice 
of England, and had William de Mandeville, third son, 
who succeeded as third Earl of Essex, and d. s. p. in 1190, 
when the earldom expired and the lordship and estates 
devolved upon his aunt : 

Beatrix de Mandeville, who m. first, Hugh Talbot, from 
whom she was divorced, and m. secondly, William de Say, 
and had by him : 

William de Say, eldest son, who d. v. /., s, /. m., left two 
daughters, Maud de Bocland, or Buckland, and . 

Beatrix de Say, who m. as his first wife, Geoffrey Fitz- 
Piers, Baron de Mandeville, jure uxorisy made Justiciary of 
England by King Richard, and created, in 11 99, Earl of 
Essex by King John, d. 12 12, and had : 

Geoffrey de Mandeville, who in 1 5 John had livery of 
his lands of his inheritance, and the same year, 12 13, bear- 
ing the tide of Earl of Essex, the king married him, upon 
payment of twenty thousand marks, to Isabel, Countess of 
Gloucester, third daughter and coheiress of William, second 
Earl of Gloucester, which Isabel had first been married to 
King John himself, but was repudiated on account of con- 
sanguinity, both being great-grandchildren of King Henry 
I., and for want of issue. In right of his wife, Geoffrey be- 
came Earl of Gloucester, and was put in possession of all 
the liberties belonging to the earldom. He was one of the 
wealthiest of the Barons opposed to King John, and as he 
adhered to them he was excommunicated by the Pope. He 
was elected as one of the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta, but only lived a short time, as, in 1 2 1 6, he 
was mortally wounded at a tournament in London, and was 
interred in the priory of the Holy Trinity, in the suburbs of 
the city. 

He died without issue, and was succeeded by his brother, 
William de Mandeville, who also espoused the cause of the 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 109 

Barons, and maintained it even after the decease of King 
John, being one of those who then assisted Louis, of France, 
in the seige of Berkhamstead Casde, occupied by the king's 
forces. He d. s. p. 1227, when the earldom of Essex de- 
volved upon his sister, Maud de Bohun, Countess of Here- 
ford, while the lands which he inherited passed to his half- 
brother, John Fitz-Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, sheriff of Yorkshire, 
whose wife was Isabel Bigod, 

Arms. — Quarterly Or and Gules ; an Escarbuncle^ Sable. 



no THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



WILLIAM MARSHALL, JR. 

An account of this Baron's ancestry has been given in the 
sketch of Hugh Bigod. He was the eldest son, and was 
commonly called the younger '* Comes Mareschal, Jun.," to 
distinguish him from his father, the famous Protector of the 
kingdom, and was as strenuous a supporter of the baronial 
cause as his father was of the royal interests, and was elected 
one of the celebrated Sureties to make his father and King 
John observe the Magna Charta, and was excommunicated 
by the Pope. Upon the death of King John, the Protector 
procured the consent of the Barons to the coronation of 
young Henry, requiring the allegiance of the Barons, in- 
cluding his son, William, Jr., who, for making his peace, re- 
ceived a grant of the lands of Saher de Quincey, David le 
Scot, William de Mowbray, and Gilbert de Gant, who re- 
fused to lay down their arms against the king, with the fees 
of all such as held of them and adhered to the rebellious 
Barons. In 1223-4 he returned from Ireland and gained 
a great victory over Prince Llewellyn and the Welsh, who 
had taken in his absence two of his castles, and was made 
governor of the castles of Caerdigan and Caermarthen, and, 
in 1230, captain-general of all the king's forces in Bretagne. 

The third Earl of Pembroke died in 1231, very wealthy, 
but had no issue by his two wives, Alice, daughter of Bald- 
win de Bertune, Earl of Albemarle, and Princess Alianore 
Plantagenet, who survived him, sister of King Henry III. 
and daughter of King John. He was buried near his father, 
in the New Temple Church, London, April 14. 

Arms. — Parted per pale Or and Vert ; a Lion rampant, 
GtUes, armed and langued, Azure. 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES III 



ROGER DE MONTBEGON 

But little is known of the family of this Baron. He was 
the successor of Adam de Monte Begonis, whose principal 
lands were in Lincolnshire, and was apparently the son of 
this Adam, by his wife, Maud Fitz-Swaine. 

During the imprisonment of Richard I. in Germany 
Roger de Montbegon seems to have favored Prince John's 
designs on the throne, since he was one of those who held 
out the castle of Nottingham against the Bishop of Durham, 
then vicegerent of the kingdom ; but when the king, on his 
return, advanced to besiege that fortress, he came out and 
submitted himself, without firing an arrow, and, in 1 197-8, 
paid five hundred marks to be reconciled to King Richard, 
and have restoration of his lands, which had been seized for 
his rebellion. 

In the Barons* proceedings to procure the Charter of Lib- 
erty from King John, he evidently took some prominent part, 
as he was elected one of the twenty-five Sureties for the ob- 
servance of the Magna Charta, and was one of the parties 
to the Covenant for surrendering the city and Tower of 
London into the hands of the Barons, although several lord- 
ships were granted or confirmed to him by King John, even 
so late as 12 15-16. However, there is no reason to doubt 
his original loyalty to the cause of the Barons, for when he 
took up arms against the king, his possessions were seized 
and given to Oliver d'Albini, whilst he himself was excom- 
municated, with the other Barons, by the Pope. He de- 
serted the Barons, nevertheless, before the Magna Charta 
was confirmed a year, and Roger de Mowbray was substi- 
tuted for him in the conunittee of Sureties. He became 



112 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

reconciled to Henry III., and in 1219-20 his lands were 
again confirmed to him. 

Roger de Montbegon d. 10 Henry III., 1225-6, and was 
succeeded by his cousin, Henry de Montbegon, having had 
no issue by his wife Olivia, m. about 1 200, widow of Robert 
de St. John. This surname is variously written. In the an- 
cient list of Securities for the Magna Charta, in the Harleian 
MSS., it is de Mumbezon, while Matthew Paris writes it de 
Montbegon and Mount Begon, and in the Covenant he 
seems properly called de Monte Begonis. 

Arms. — Paly of six ^ Argent and Gules ; fourteen Roundles 
in Orle, counterchanged. 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES II 3 



RICHARD DE MONTFICHET 

This Baron was the son of Richard de Montfichet, who 
was forester of Essex and keeper of the king's houses at 
Havering and elsewhere in the forests of Essex, and who 
d. 5 John, 1203-4. 

Richard de Montfichet was under age at the time of his 
father's-death, and his wardship was committed to Roger de 
Lacie, constable of Chester. As he did not become of age 
until in the spring of 121 5, his first public act appears to 
have been joining the baronial party in arms against the 
king, and for some reason not evident he was chosen as one 
of the twenty- five Sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta and to govern the realm. The next year he went 
with Robert Fitz-Walter into France, to solicit aid, and con- 
tinued one of the most enthusiastic of the Barons until he 
was taken prisoner at Lincoln. Even after he was released 
he attended the tournament at Blithe, 7 Henry III., contrary 
to the king's prohibition, for which his lands were seized. 
He subsequently made peace with the king, and was, in 
1236-7, constituted justice of the king's forests for nine- 
teen counties of England, and, in 1 241-2, was made sheriff 
of Essex and governor of Hertford Castle. 

Richard de Montfichet never married, and died, with- 
out issue, after 1258, and his lands were divided between his 
three sisters. 

Arms. — Gules; three Chevrons, Or. 



114 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



ROGER DE MOWBRAY 

This Baron was a younger brother of William de Mow- 
bray, also one of the Sureties, and was elected as a substi- 
tute for Roger de Montbegon, who deserted the Barons in 
less than a year after his election as one of the original 
Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta. 

Roger de Mowbray died 2 Henry III., 12 17-18, unmar- 
ried, when his elder brother, William, succeeded to his estate, 
paying proper relief therefor. 

The armorial ensigns of Roger de Mowbray are extant 
in the south aisle of Westminster Abbey, as he was one 
of its benefactors. 

Arms. — Giiles ; a Lion rampant^ Argent 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES II 5 



WILLIAM DE MOWBRAY 

Roger d'Albini was the father, by his wife, a sister of 
Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland, of two dis- 
tinguished sons, — William " Pincerna Henrici Regis Anglo- 
rum," the king's butler, ancestor of the ancient Earls of 
Arundel, and 

Sir Nigel d'Albini, who came to England with the Con- 
queror, and obtained several extensive lordships after the 
victory at Hastings. In the reign of Rufus, he was bow- 
bearer to the king, and was knighted by Henry I., who con- 
ferred many grants and favors upon him, and so attached 
him to the interests of his sovereign that he served him 
faithfully in his cause against Robert Curthose, his brother, 
whom he captured and delivered over to King Henry, for 
which he had further rich grants of confiscated manors. For 
distinguished military services in Normandy he was remu- 
nerated by a royal grant of the forfeited lands and castles of 
his maternal uncle, Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northum- 
berland, both in Normandy and in England, with the castle of 
Bayeux. These grants made him the possessor of two hun- 
dred and forty knights* fees, and consequently one of the 
most influential Barons of his time. He died at an ad- 
vanced age, and was buried with his ancestors in the Abbey 
of Bee, in Normandy. 

Sir Nigel d'Albini m. first, his aunt, Maud, daughter of 
Richard d* Aquila, by papal dispensation, her husband, Robert 
de Mowbray, aforesaid, being then alive, but in prison for 
rebellion. From her, by whom he had no issue, he was sep- 
arated by the Pope on account of consanguinity and the 



Il6 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

scandal the marriage caused. He m. secondly, in 1118, 
Gundreda, daughter of Gerald, or Gerard, de Gournay, d. 
1096, by his wife, Edith, daughter of William de Warren, 
first Earl of Surrey, d. 1088, and his wife, Gundreda, alleged 
daughter of Matilda, Queen Consort of King William the 
Conqueror, and had by this lady : 

Roger de Mowbray, eldest son, who, succeeding to the 
lands of Mumbray, or Mowbray, assumed by royal command 
the surname of Mowbray. When he was not yet of age he 
was one of the chief commanders in the celebrated Batde of 
the Standard, with the Scots, in 1 1 38 ; and adhering to King 
Stephen, in his contest with the Empress Maud, he was 
taken prisoner with the king at the battle of Lincoln. In 
1 148 he accompanied Louis VII. of France to the Holy 
Land and acquired great renown. He was afterwards in- 
volved in the rebellion of Prince Henry against King Henry 
II., and lost some of his casdes. Subsequendy his grants to 
the Church were munificent and his religious enthusiasm 
so fervent that he again assumed the cross and went to 
the Holy Land, where he was captured, but was redeemed 
by the Knights Templars. Dying soon afterwards in the 
East, he was buried at Sures. Some historians state he 
died in England and was buried in the Abbey of Riland. 

He m. Alice daughter of Gilbert de Gant, or Gaunt, of 
Folkingham, a companion of the Conqueror, son of Baldwin 
VI., eighth Earl of Flanders and Artois, by his wife, Richil- 
dis. Countess of Hainault and Namur, and had : 

Nigel de Mowbray, who, like his father, was a crusader, 
and died on his pilgrimage, 1 192-3. He m. Mabel, daugh- 
ter of Roger, Earl of Clare and Hertford, and had : 

William de Mowbray, eldest son, who was of age in 
1 194-5, 2tnd next year, or 6 Richard I., when a scutage was 
levied for the king's ransom, he was one of the securities 
for its payment. He was early embittered against King 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES II 7 

John by being compelled by him to surrender the barony of 
Fronteboeuf, which Henry I. had conferred on his great- 
grandfather, Nigel d'Albini, to a descendant of the original 
owner. This was probably because de Mowbray, upon the 
accession of King John, was tardy in pledging his allegiance, 
and at length only swore fealty upon condition that " the 
king should render to every man his right." At the break- 
ing out of the baronial war he was governor of York Castle, 
and it is not surprising that he at once sided with the Barons 
against King John, and was one of the most forward of them. 
He was elected one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, 
and was a party to the Covenant for holding the city and 
Tower of London, and one of those whom Pope Innocent 
III. excommunicated by name. He still continued in arms 
after the decease of King John, and was in the battle of 
Lincoln, and taken prisoner there, when his lands were con- 
fiscated and bestowed upon William Marshall, Jr., but he 
was subsequently allowed to redeem them. After this he 
attached himself to Henry III., and was with him at the siege 
of Bitham Castle, in Lincolnshire, and, dying 1223-4 (about 
8 Henry III.), in the Isle of Axholme, was buried in the 
Abbey of Newburgh, in Yorkshire. 

He m. Agnes d'Albini, daughter of William, Earl of Arun- 
del and Sussex, and had : 

Nigel de Mowbray, d. s. p. 1228. 

Roger de Mowbray, d. 1266. Issue. 

Arms. — Gules ; a Lion rampant^ Argent. 



Il8 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



RICHARD DE PERCY 

William de Percy, who accompanied William of Nor- 
mandy into England in 1066, was distinguished with the 
designation " Alsgernons," with the whiskers. He received 
a barony from the Conqueror, and refounded the Abbey of 
St Hilda, in Yorkshire. He accompanied Duke Robert in 
the first crusade, and died in 1096-7, at Mountjoy, near 
Jerusalem, having issue by his wife, Emma de Port, of a 
Saxon family, whose lands were among those bestowed upon 
him by the Conqueror, ** he wedded hyr that was very heire 
to them, in discharging of his conscience" : 

Alan de Percy, eldest son and heir to his father's feudal 
rights, was surnamed the " Great Alan," but why, it is not 
apparent. He m. Emma, daughter of Gilbert de Gaunt, son 
of Baldwin VI., Count of Flanders and Artois, and a nephew 
of Maud, queen consort of King William I. of England, 
and had : 

William de Percy, third feudal Baron of this family, who 
m. Alice, daughter of Richard Fitz-Gilbert de Clare, Jus- 
ticiary of England, and had by her : 

Lady Agnes de Percy, second daughter, and sole heiress 
on the death of her sister Maud, wife of William de Plesset, 
Earl of Warwick, in 1204-5. She m. Josceline, Count of 
Louvaine and Brabant, fourth Baron de Percy, in right of 
his wife, who was the brother of Queen Adelicia, second 
wife of Henry I. of England, and son of Godfrey-barhatus, 
Duke of Nether Lorraine, Count of Brabant and Lother, d. 
1 1 40, a descendant of the Emperor Charlemagne. "The 
ancient arms of Hainault this Lord Josceline retained, and 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES II9 

gave his children the surname of Percie/' by agreement 
with the heiress of Percy, by whom he had : 

Richard de Percy, second and youngest son, who, after 
the decease without issue of his aunt, Countess of Warwick, 
entered, by the king's advice and his mother's license, into 
her share of the Percy inheritance, and soon received the 
major part of his mother's, and continued for the balance of 
his life at the head of the family and enjoyed all its baronial 
rights. He was one of the first of the powerful feudal lords 
who took up arms against King John in the cause of a con- 
stitutional government, and, having a principal hand in ex- 
torting the great charter of English freedom, was chosen 
one of the twenty-five Sureties to see that it was duly ob- 
served, and was excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. He 
was appointed by the Barons, with Robert de Ros, a Surety, 
and Peter de Brus, or Bruce, to subject Yorkshire to the • 
allegiance of the Dauphin of France. He became recon- 
ciled to Henry III., as in 12 18 he was in arms for this 
monarch. He d. s. p. about 1244, ^^^ ^^^ succeeded by 
his nephew, William de Percy, d. 1 245. 

Arms. — Or ; a Lion rampant^ Azure. 



I20 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



SAHER DE QUINCEY 

The pedigree of this distinguished Baron is brief and 
modest, beginning only with his father : 

Saier de Quincey, who had a grant from Henry II. of the 
manor of Bushby, Northamptonshire. He m. Maud de St. 
Liz, probably a daughter of Simon de St Liz, a noble Nor- 
man, who was created Earl of Northampton and Hunting- 
don, and his wife Maud, daughter and coheiress of Waltheof, 
first Earl of Northampton and Northumberland, who, con- 
spiring against the Normans, was beheaded, in 1075, at 
Winchester, although his wife was a niece of the Conqueror. 
Waltheof was the son of Syward, the celebrated Saxon Earl 
of Northumberland. 

Saher de Quincey, a son of the aforesaid, was one of the 
Barons present at Lincoln when William the Lion, of Scot- 
land, did homage to the English monarch. He subsequently 
obtained large grants and immunities from King John, and 
was created Earl of Winchester before 12 10, having been in 
1 203 governor of the castle of Ruil, in Normandy. He was 
one of the first Barons to contend for the Charter of Lib- 
erty, and is credited with having rewritten it from the Charter 
of Henry I. and the Saxon code, and, opposing the king's 
concession to the Pope's legate, had the bitter hatred oif 
King John, and was very active in the conferences between 
the Barons and the king. But though the king made him, 
in 1 2 15, governor of Mountsorell Castle, he was one of the 
Barons to whom the city and Tower of London were re- 
signed, and elected one of the twenty-five Barons who were 
to enforce the Magna Charta and govern the kingdom, being 
excommunicated with the other Barons in the following year. 




BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 121 

He was sent, with Robert Fitz-Walter, by the other Barons 
to invite the Dauphin of France to assume the crown of 
England, and even after the death of King John he kept a 
strong garrison in Mountsorell Castle, on behalf of Prince 
Louis. The fortress being besieged and nearly captured by 
a division of the troops of Henry III., the Earl of Winchester 
and Prince Louis gathered a large force in London, and, 
having raised the siege, marched to Lincoln, then also sur- 
rounded by the king's army. In the general battle which 
followed, the Barons were defeated, being greatly outnum- 
bered, and Saher de Quincey, with numerous others, was 
made prisoner and his estates forfeited. In the following 
October his immense estates were restored upon his sub- 
mission. 

In 1 2 1 8 the Earl of Winchester went with the Earls of 
Chester and Arundel to the Holy Land, where he assisted 
at the siege of Damietta, 12 19, and died in the same year in 
his progress towards Jerusalem. He m. before 6 John, 1 204, 
Margaret, youngest sister and coheiress of Robert Fitz- 
Parnell, last Earl of Leicester, by whom he acquired a very 
considerable inheritance, and daughter of Robert-blanch- 
mains de Bellomont, or Beaumont, third Earl of Leicester, 
lord high steward of England, d. 1196 (and his wife, m. 

1 1 67, Petronella, daughter of Hugh de Grentemaisnil, lord 
high steward of England, d. s. p. tn. 1098), son of Robert- 
bossu, second Earl of Leicester, Justiciary of England, d. 

1 1 68, by his wife Aurelia, or Amicia, daughter of Ralph de 
Gauder, Earl of Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridge, who for- 
feited in 1074. 

Saher, or Saier, or Saerus (his singular Christian name 

was probably a corruption from the Hebrew Zair^ affliction ; 

or of the Saxon Segher^ a conqueror) de Quincey, Earl of 

Winchester, had issue by Lady Margaret : 

Robert de Quincey, who d. in the Holy Land, having 

9 



122 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

issue by his wife Hawyse, daughter of Hugh de Keveliock 
(or Bohun), Powys, Wales, fifth Elarl Palatine of Chester, 
d. iiSi, and his wife, Bertred. daughter of Simon, Earl of 
Evereux, in Normandy, an only daughter, Margaret, wife of 
John de Lacie, Earl of Lincoln, one of the celebrated twenty- 
five Magna Charta Sureties. 

Roger de Quincey, second son, who had livery of his 
father's lands, although his elder brother was alive in the 
Holy Land, and succeeded to the earldom of Winchester, 
and in right of his first wife, daughter of Alan, lord of Gal- 
loway, became lord high constable of Scotland. By this 
lady he had only three daughters, — Margaret, wife of Wil- 
liam de Ferrers, Elarl of Derby ; Elizabeth, wife of Alexan- 
der Comyn, Scotch Earl of Buchan ; and Ela, wife of Alan, 
Baron le Zouche, of Ashby. Earl Roger m. secondly, Maud, 
daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and 
widow of Anselme le Mareschall, Earl of Pembroke, and wi, 
thirdly, AUanore, daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of 
Derby, and widow of William, Baron de Vaux, who survived 
him, and m, Roger de Leybourne. Dugdale states that Earl 
Roger had a fourth daughter, but by which wife it is un- 
known, named Isabella, with whom a contract of marriage 
was made by John, son of Hugh de Nevill, for his son Hugh, 
His lordship d. 1264, when the earldom became extinct, and 
his great landed possessions devolved upon his daughters, 
as coheiresses. 

Robert de Quincey, the younger, third son, who m. 
Helene, daughter of Llewellwyn, Prince of North Wales, 
and widow of John le Scot, Earl of Huntingdon, and had 
three daughters, — Anne, a nun ; Joane, wife of Humphrey 
de Bohun, the younger; and Margaret (or Hawise),wife of 
Baldwin Wake. 

Arms. — Argent; a Fesse,^ Azure, and a File of eleven 
points. Gules. 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 1 23 



ROBERT DE ROS 

Peter de Ros, or Roos, feudal Baron of the lordship of 
Roos, in Holderness, temp. Henry I., is the first authenti- 
cated ancestor of this Surety. He m. Adeline, one of the 
sisters and coheirs of Walter d'Espec, lord of the manor of 
Helmeslac (Hamlake), or Helmesly, in the North Riding 
of Yorkshire, and had : 

Robert de Ros, lord of Hamlake, who was a munificent 
benefactor to the Knights Templars. He d, about 11 60, 
having issue by his wife, Sybil de Valoines (who after his 
decease m, Ralph d'Albini) : 

EvERARD de Ros, Lord of Hamlake, who seems to have 
been very wealthy, as in 11 76 he paid the then very large 
sum of five hundred and twenty-six pounds as a fine for his 
lands, and other large amounts subsequently. He m. Rose, 
one of the daughters and coheiress of William de Trus- 
but, lord of Wartre, in Holderness, East Riding, 11 39, and, 
dying in 1 1 86, had : 

Robert de Ros, of Furfan, fourth Baron Ros, of Hamlake, 
b. 1 1 77, who, 2 Richard I., 11 90-91, paid a thousand marks 
fine for livery of his lands, although only thirteen years old. 
In 8 Richard he, being with the king in Normandy, was 
arrested, 1197, for what offence it does not appear, he was 
not yet twenty-one, and committed to the custody of Hugh 
de Chaumont, but Chaumont trusting his prisoner to Wil- 
liam de Spiney, the latter allowed him to escape out of the 
castie of Bonville. King Richard thereupon hanged Spiney 
and collected a fine of twelve hundred marks — eight hundred 
pounds — from Ros's guardian as the price of his continued 
freedom. 



124 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Upon the accession of King John, this monarch, to con- 
ciliate him, gave Ros the whole barony of his great-grand- 
mother's father, Walter d'Espec, to enjoy in as large and 
ample a manner as Espec ever held it. Soon afterwards he 
was deputed one of those to escort William the Lion, King 
of Scotland, into England, to swear fealty to King John. 
About 14 John, Robert de Ros assumed the habit of a 
monk, whereupon the custody of all his lands and Castle 
Werke, in Northumberland, were committed to Philip 
d'Ulcote, or Olcott, but he did not long continue a recluse, 
as in about a year, 1 2 1 2-1 5, he was executing the office of 
high sheriff of County Cumberland. 

At the commencement of the struggle of the Barons for 
a constitutional government, this feudal Baron at first sided 
with King John, and in consequence obtained some valuable 
grants from the crown, and was made governor of Carlisle ; 
but he was subsequently won over by the Barons and be- 
came one of the celebrated twenty-five appointed to enforce 
the observance of the Magna Charta, the county of North- 
umberland being placed under his supervision. He re- 
turned to his allegiance in the reign of Henry III., for in 
12 1 7-18 his manors were restored to him, and although he 
was a witness to the Great and the Forest Charters of 1224, 
he seems to have been in favor with that prince. 

He erected the castles of Helmesley, or Hamlake, in 
Yorkshire, and of Werke, in Northumberland, and was a 
member of the Order of the Knights Templars. He d, 1 1 
Henry III., 1226-7, and was buried " in his proper habit" in 
the church of the New Temple, at London, where his tomb 
is yet extant. His effigy is described by Gough, in " Sepul- 
chral Monuments," as ** the most elegant of all the figures 
in the Temple Church, representing a comely young knight 
in mail, and a flowing mantle with a kind of cowl ; his hair 
neatly curled at the sides, his crown appears shaved. His 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 1 25 

hands are elevated in a praying posture, and on his left arm 
is a short pointed shield, charged with three water-bougets. 
He has on his left side a long sword, and the armor of his 
legs, which are crossed, has a ridge or seam up the front, 
continued over the knee, and forming a kind of garter 
below the knee. At his feet is a lion, and the whole figure 
measures six feet two inches." See, also, Stothard's ** Mon- 
umental Effigies." 

Robert de Ros m. Isabel, a natural daughter of William 
the Lion, King of Scotland, and had by her: 

William de Ros, lord of Hamlake Castle, d. 1258. Issue. 

Robert de Ros, lord of Werke Castle. Issue. 

Arms. — Gules : three Water-Baugets^ Argent 



126 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 






GEOFFREY DE SAY 

The authentic pedigree of this Baron begins with his 
grandfather, 

William de Say, who m. Beatrix, the divorced wife of 
Hugh Talbot, and only daughter of William de Magna- 
ville, or Mandeville, and his wife Margaret, only daughter 
and heiress of Eudo, steward for Normandy to King Wil- 
liam the Conqueror, and had : 

Geoffrey de Say, second son. He was one of the Barons 
chosen to proceed with William de Longchamp, Bishop of 
Ely, chancellor of England, with the ransom for King Rich- 
ard I. He vt. Lettice, sister and eventually heiress of 
Walkeline Maminot, and, dying in 12 14, had: 

Geoffrey de Say, eldest son, who had delivery of the 
estates of his inheritance, both by father and mother, 16 
John, for which he paid four thousand marks, proving him 
to have been wealthy. He early joined the baronial cause, 
and was elected one of the Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta, and his extensive lands and possessions 
in ten counties were confiscated and given to Peter de Cro- 
hun, or Crohim, but, returning to his allegiance in the next 
reign, after the expulsion of the Dauphin, he had full 
restitution. He died in Gascoigne, August 24, 14 Henry 
III., 1230. 

He m. Alice, daughter and coheiress of John de Cayneto, 
or Caineto, or Cheyney, or Cheney, as the name is variously 
given, and had : 

William de Say, d. 1272. Isstie. 

Arms. — Quarterly Or and Gules. 



k 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 1 27 



ROBERT DE VERE 

Alberic de Vere, son of Alphonso, Count de Ghisnes, 
was the founder of this celebrated family in England, and at 
the time of the General Survey of England possessed 
numerous lordships in different shires and had his principal 
residence at his castle at Hedingham, in Essex. In the latter 
end of his days he assumed the cowl, and died, in 1088, a 
monk, and was buried in the church of Colne Priory, which 
he founded. He m. Beatrix, daughter of Henry, Castellan 
of Bourbourg, and was succeeded by 

Alberic de Vere, eldest son, who, being in high favor 
with King Henry I., was constituted by him lord high 
chamberlain of the kingdom, to hold the same in fee to 
himself and his heirs. In 5 Stephen, while a joint sheriff 
with Richard Basset, Justiciary of England, of several coun- 
ties, he was slain in a popular tumult at London, 1 140, having 
issue by his wife, Adeliza de Clare, sister of Richard Fitz- 
Gilbert, first Earl of Hertford : 

Aubrey de Vere, eldest son. For his fidelity to the Em- 
press Maud, he was confirmed by her in the lord chamber- 
lainship and all his father's possessions. He was given also if? 

the choice of several earldoms, and selected that of Oxford, 
and was so created by Henry II. He tn, first, Eufamia de 
Cantilupe, by whom he had no issue, and m. secondly, Lucia, 
daughter and heiress of William, third Baron d'Abrancis, of * 
Folkestone, in Kent, and had : 

Robert de Vere, third Earl of Oxford, second son and 
heir to his brother Aubrey, d. s. p. 12 14, who was reputed 
one of the "evil councillors" of King John. Earl Robert, 
although lord great chamberlain of the kingdom, pursued 



128 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

a different course in politics from that of his elder brother, 
and was one of the principal Barons in arms against King 
John, and was elected one of the Sureties for the observance 
of the Magna Charta, a party to that Covenant which re- 
signed to the Barons the custody of the city and Tower of 
London, and one of those excommunicated by the Pope. 
In the beginning of the reign of Henry III., having made 
his peace with that young monarch after the battle of Lin- 
coln, he was received into his favor, and was, in 1220-21, 
appointed one of the judges in the Court of King's Bench, 
but died a few months afterwards, and was buried in the 
priory of Hatfield, Broad Oak, in Essex. 

Robert, Earl of Oxford, m. Isabel, sister and heiress of 
Walter de Bolebec, and daughter of Hugh, second Baron 
de Bolebec, who d. 1261, and had issue: 

Hugh de Vere, fourth Earl of Oxford. Issue. 

Sir Henry de Vere, of Great Addington, County North- 
ampton. Issue. 

Isabel, wife of Sir John Courtenay, Knt. 

Arms. — Quarterly Gules and Or; in the dexter canton^ a 
Mullett, Argent. 



^ 



BIOGRAPHIES OF THE SURETIES 1 29 



EUSTACE DE VESCI 

Yvo DE Vesci, a valiant knight in the Conqueror s train, 
was rewarded for his distinguished services by King William 
bestowing upon him as his wife a rich heiress, Ada, or Alda, 
only child of William Tyson, Saxon Lord of Alnwick, in 
Northumberland, and lord of Malton, Yorkshire, whose 
father, Gilbert Tyson, was slain at the battle of Hastings, 
fighting under the Anglo-Saxon banner. The only issue of 
this marriage was another heiress : 

Beatrix de Vesci, who m. as his first wife, Eustacius Fitz- 
John de Burgo, lord of Knaresborough, in Yorkshire, who 
was the nephew and heir of Serlo de Burgh, who erected 
Knaresborough Castle, and the son of John-monoculus, a 
great feudal Baron, and friend of Henry L, who gave him 
great grants of land and the governorship of Bamburgh 
Castle, in Northumberland ; but he was deprived of the 
latter by King Stephen, although his wife, Magdalen, was 
the king's aunt. John-with-one-eye was the son of Eusta- 
cius de Burgo, brother of Harlowen de Burgo, whose wife 
was the mother of William the Conqueror, and son of John ^ 

de Burgo, Earl of Comyn and Baron of Tonsburgh (Tour- * 

borough), in Normandy, general of the Norman duke's 
forces and governor of his chief towns, hence the family 
name de Burgo, or Burgh. The heiress Beatrix had by 
her husband, Eustace Fitz-John-monoculus : 

William de Burgh de Vesci, eldest son, who inherited 
many manors and was high sheriff of Northumberland and 
of Lancashire. He assisted in repelling an invasion of the 
Scots, and captured their king in the battle of Alnwick, and, 
dying in 1 184, left issue by his wife Burga, sister and heiress 



I30 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

of Robert de Stuteville, lord of Knaresborough, and daugh- 
ter of William, fourth Baron de Stuteville, d. 1203 : 

Eustace de Vesci, who became of age in 1 190, and paid 
two thousand three hundred marks, nearly fifteen hundred 
and thirty-two pounds for delivery of his lands and leave to 
marry. In 1199 he was sent by King John as one of the 
ambassadors to King William the Lion, of Scotland, whose 
daughter he had married, but shortly he became intimately 
connected with the rise and progress of the baronial insur- 
rections. In 1 2 1 2 he and Robert Fitz- Walter, upon being 
required to give security for their faithful allegiance, fled to 
Scotland. His English possessions were seized and his cas- 
tle of Alnwick was ordered to be destroyed. This and King 
John's incontinence and vitiating reputation so embittered de 
Vesci that he became the most inveterate of the king's ene- 
mies and a principal leader in the insurrection, and took a 
prominent part in all their conventions, and was elected one 
of the twenty-five Sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta. He was one of the Barons to whom the city and 
Tower of London were committed ; was excommunicated, 
and was one of those who urged the Dauphin to come to 
England. In attending his brother-in-law, Alexander, king 
of the Scots, to welcome Prince Louis, and to do him hom- 
age for that kingdon, in 12 16, they passed by Bernard 
Castle, which displayed the royal banner. Approaching too 
near to see if it could be captured, de Vesci was mortally 
wounded by one of the garrison. He m. Margaret, a nat- 
ural daughter of King William the Lion, of Scodand, and 
sister of the wife of King Alexander, and had issue : 

William de Vesci, eldest son and successor. Issue. 

Isabel, wife of William de Welles, of Gremesby. Isstu. 

Arms. — Gtdes : a Cross Patonce, Argent. 




peMgrees of Hmeticand 

^e0cen^e^ tcom 

Zbe SurcttC0 for tbc ©baervancc 

ottbe 

fllaana Cbam of •ftiitfi 3obn 



2>e8cenbant8 ot flnagna Cbarta Satons 

¥ 

PEDIGREE I 

HENRY DE BOHUN, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, d, 1274, who had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son, d, v,p,, who had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, d, 1297, who had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, k, 1321, who had : 
Margaret de Bohun, m, Hugh de Courtenay, K.G., Earl of Devon, and had : 
Elizabeth de Courtenay, m. Sir Andrew Luttrell, of Chilton, and had : 
Sir Hugh Luttrell, lord of Dunster Castle, Somerset, who had : 
Elizabeth Luttrell, m, John Stratton, of Weston-sur-Mare, and had : 
Elizabeth Stratton, m, John Andrews, of Stoke, Suffolk, and had : 
Elizabeth Andrews, m. Thomas de Wyndsore, of Stamwell, and had : 
Sir Andrews de Wyndsore, of Stamwell and Bardsley, 1474-1543, who had : 
Edith Wyndsore, m, George Ludlowe, of Hill Deverill, d, 1580, and had : 
Thomas Ludlowe, of Dinton and Baycliffe, d, 1607, who had : 
Gabriel Ludlow, i 587-1639, an attomey-at-law, who had : 
Sarah Ludlow, d, before 1669, who tn, before 1663, as his third wife. Col. 
John Carter, of Virginia, member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, 
1643-58, and of the Governor's Council, 1668, d, June 10, 1669, and had 
issue. 



PEDIGREE II 

HENRY DE BOHUN, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, d, 1274, who had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son, d, v, p., who had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, d. 1297, who had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, k, 1321, who had : 
Margaret db Bohun, m, Hugh de Courtenay, K.G., Earl of Devon, and had : 
Elizabeth Courtenay, m. Sir Andrew Luttrell, of Chilton, and had : 



134 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Sir Hugh Luttrell, lord of Dunster Castle, Somerset, who had : 

Elizabeth Luttrell, m, John Stratton, of Weston-sur-Mare, and had : 

Elizabeth Stratton, m, John Andrews, of Stoke, Suffolk, and had : 

Elizabeth Andrews, m. Thomas de Wyndsore, of Stamwell, and had : 

Sir Andrews de Wyndsore, of Stamwell and Bardsley, d. 1543, who had : 

Eleanor de Wyndsore, m. Sir Edward Nevill, of Aldington, d. 1538, and had : 

Sir Henry Nevill, of Billingbere, Berks, third son, d, 1 593, who had : 

Sir Henry Nevill, of Mafield, Sussex, d. 161 5, who had : 

Catherine Nevill, m. Sir Richard Brooke, of Norton, d, 1632, and had : 

Anne Brooke, m, Edward Hyde, of Hyde, Chester, d. 1669, and had : 

Robert Hyde, of Hyde and Norbury, Chester, 1642-1670, who had : 

Edward Hyde, of Hyde, only son, d, in Carolina, who had : 

Anne Hyde, m. George Clarke, Jr., of Swanswick, Somerset, d, 1760, and had : 

Edward Clarke, second son, 1 716-1776, who had : 

George Hyde Clarke, of Hyde, Chester, 1 742-1824, who had : 

George Clarke, of ** Hyde Hall," Otsego County, N. Y., d. April 28, 1768, 

d. Nov. 4, 1835. ^^ ^* ^^» Sept. 4, 1793, Eliza, dau. of Gen. George 

Rochford, R.A., of Bellefield, Westmeath, Ireland, and m, secondly, Aug. 

14, 1844, Anne Carey, widow of Richard Cooper, of Cooperstown, N. Y. 

Issue by both wives. 

PEDIGREE III 

HENRY DE BOHUN, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, d, 1274, who had : 
Alice de Bohun, m, Ralph de Toni, of Flamstead, d, 1264, and had : 
Alice de Toni, m. Walter de Beauchamp, of Powyke, d, 1306, and had : 
Giles de Beauchamp, of Alcester and Powyke, third son, who had : 
Roger de Beauchamp, of Bletsho, Bedford, second son, d. 1379, who had : 
Roger de Beauchamp, of Bletsho and Lydiard-Tregoze, who had : 
Sir John de Beauchamp, of Bletsho, d, 141 3, who had : 
Margaret de Beauchamp, m. Sir Oliver St. John, of Penmark, and had : 
John St. John, K.B., of Bletsho, who had : 
Sir John St. John, of Bletsho, Bedfordshire, who had : 
Sir John St. John, of Bletsho, who had : 

Oliver St. John, first Baron St. John, of Bletsho, 1559, who had : 
Thomas St. John, who had : 

Oliver St. John, M.P., of Caysho, Bedfordshire, who had : 
Elizabeth St. John, d. 1605, d. 1677. She m, Aug. 6, 1629, as his second 
wife. Rev. Samuel Whiting, d, 1 597, at Boston, Lincolnshire. They came 
to New England in 1636, and settled at Lynn, Mass., where he d, 1679. 
Issue, 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 35 



PEDIGREE IV 

ROGER BIGOD, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hugh Bigod, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Sir Ralph Bigod, third son, who had : 

Isabel Bigod, m, John Fitz-Geoffrey, Justiciary of Ireland, 1 246, and had : 
John Fitz-John, Justiciary of Ireland, d, 1258, who had : 
Maud Fitz-John, m, William de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and had : 
Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, d. 131 5, who had : 
Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G., Earl of Warwick, d, 1369, who had : 
Philippa de Beauchamp, m. Hugh, K.G., Earl of Stafford, and had: 
Margaret Stafford, m. Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmoreland, and had : 
Ralph de Nevill, of Oversley, who had : 
John de Nevill, of Wymersley, York, d. 1482, who had : 
Joan de Nevill, m. Sir William Gascoigne, and had : 
Sir William Gascoigne, of Gawthorpe, York, who had : 
Dorothy Gascoigne, m. Sir Ninian de Markenfield, and had : 
Alice Markenfield, m, Robert Mauleverer, and had : 
Dorothy Mauleverer, tn. John Kaye, of Woodsome, and had : 
Robert Kaye, of Woodsome, York, 161 2, who had: 
Grace Kaye, m. Sir Richard Saltonstall, of Huntwick, and had : 
Richard Saltonstall, b, at Woodsome, York, 1610, came to Massachusetts 
in 1630, with his father, one of the original patentees of Massachusetts 
Bay Colony, 1628, and also of Connecticut. He resided at Ipswich, and 
served as deputy and assistant, and, dying at Hulme, England, April 29, 
1694, had issue by his wife, Muriel Gurdon. 



PEDIGREE V 

ROGER BIGOD, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hugh Bigod, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Sir Ralph Bigod, Knt., third son, who had : 

Isabel Bigod, m, John Fitz-Geoffrey, Chief Justice of Ireland, 1246, and had: 
John Fitz-John, Chief Justice of Ireland, d, 1258, who had : 
Maud Fitz-John, m. William de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and had : 
Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, d, 131 5, who had : 
Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G, Earl of Warwick, d. 1369, who had: 
Joan de Beauchamp, m, Ralph Basset, K.B., of Drayton, and had: 
Jane Basset, m, John de Stourton, of Preston, d, 1 364, and had : 



136 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

William de Stourton, steward of Wales, 1402, who had : 
Sir John db Stourton, Baron Stourton, d, 1462, who had : 
William de Stourton, second Baron Stourton, d, 1478, who had : 
Joan Stourton, m. Tristram Fauntleroy, of Mitchell's Marsh, d, 1539, and had : 
John Fauntleroy, of Crandall, Hampshire, d, 1 598, who had : 
William Fauntleroy, of Crandall, d, 1625, who had: 
John Fauntleroy, of Crandall, only son, b, 1588, m, 1609, d, 1644, who had : 
Col. Moore Fauntleroy, second son, who came to Virginia before 1643, ^^^ 
became a large land-owner in the colony, member of the House of Bur- 
gesses, 1 644- 1 659, justice of old Rappahannock County. He m, first, in 
England, Dec. 26, 1639, Dorothy, dau. of Thomas Colle, of Liss, Hamp- 
shire, and m, secondly, in Virginia, 1648, Mary Hill. Issue. 



PEDIGREE VI 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 

Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 

Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, who had : 

Mary Bruce, m, first, Sir Neil Campbell, of Lochow, and had : 

Sir Colin Campbell, of Lochow, d, 1340, who had: 

Sir Archibald Campbell, of Lochow, who had : 

Sir Colin Campbell, of Lochow, who had : 

Sir Duncan Campbell, first Lord Campbell, d, 1453, who had : 

Sir Colin Campbell, of Glenurchy, d, 1478, who had : 

Sir Duncan Campbell, of Glenurchy, k, 15 13, who had : 

Annabella Campbell, m, Alexander Napier, k, 1 547, and had : 

Sir Archibald Napier, of Merchieston, d, 1608, who had : 

John Napier, of Merchieston, 1 550-1617, who had : 

Adam Napier, of Blackstown, Renfrew, fifth son, who had : 

Napier, m. William Craik, of Arbigland, and had : 

Adam Craik, of Arbigland, Dumfrieshire, who had : 

William Craik, of Arbigland, Dumfrieshire, who had : 

Dr. James Craik, 1730- 18 14, who came to Virginia in 1750, and was sur- 
geon-general of the Continental army. He m. Nov. 23, 1760, Mariana, 
dau. of Charles Ewell, of Prince William County, Va. Issue, 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 37 



PEDIGREE VII 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Mary Bruce, m, secondly. Sir Alexander Eraser, k, 1332, and had : 
Sir John Eraser, of Aberbothnot, who had : 
Margaret Eraser, m. Sir William Keith, the marshal, and had : 
Elizabeth Keith, tn. Sir Adam de Gordon, of Huntly, k. 1402, and had : 
Elizabeth Gordon, m. Alexander de Seton, and had : 
Alexander de Seton de Gordon, Earl of Huntly, d, 1470, who had : 
George de Gordon, second Earl of Huntly, d. 1501, who had: 
Alexander de Gordon, third Earl of Huntly, d, 1534, who had : 
John de Gordon, eldest son, d, v, p, 15 17, who had: 
George de Gordon, fourth Earl of Huntly, k. 1 562, who had : 
Jean Gordon, m, Alexander Gordon, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1594, and had : 
Sir Robert Gordon, Bart., of Gordonstown, d, 1656, who had : 
Catherine Gordon, m. Col. David Barclay, of Ury, d. 1681, and had : 
Robert Barclay, of Ury, governor of East Jersey, 1682, d, 1690, who had : 
Jean Barclay, m, Alexander Forbes, of Auchorties, and had : 
Christiana Forbes, m, William Penn, 3d, of London, and had : 
Christiana Gulielma Penn, m, Peter Gaskell, of Bath, and had : 
Peter Penn-Gaskell, of Philadelphia, Pa., who had issue by his wife, Eliz- 
abeth Edwards, of Montgomery County, Pa. 



PEDIGREE VIII 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m. Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d. 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m, Walter, high steward of Scotland, and had : 
Robert II., King of Scotland, who had : 
Robert III., King of Scotland, who had : 

Mary Stuart, m. Sir William Graeme, of Kincardine, d, 1424, and had ; 
William Graeme, third son, who had : 
Matthew Graeme, of Garvock, Perth, who had|: 

10 




138 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Archibald Graeme, of Garvock, k, at Flodden, 15 13, who had : 

John Graeme, of Garvock, who had : 

John Graeme, purchased Balgowan, Perth, in 1584, second son, who had : 

John Graeme, of Balgowan, eldest son, d. 1635, who had : 

Thomas Graeme, of Balgowan, m, 1671, who had : 

Thomas Graeme, M.D., fifth son, b, Oct. 20, 1688 ; came to Pennsylvania in 
1717 ; was member of the Governor's Council, 1725 ; justice of the 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 1731 ; ^. at Graeme Park, Montgomery 
County, Pa., Sept. 4, 1772. He m, Nov. 12, 17 19, Anne, d, 1765, dau. 
of Robert Digges, of Philadelphia. Issue, 



PEDIGREE IX 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m, Walter, high steward of Scotland, and had : 
Robert II., King of Scotland, who had : 
Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, d, 14 19, who had : 
Murdoch Stewart, second Duke of Albany, k, 1425, who had : 
Sir James Stewart, the rebel, fourth son, d, 145 1, who had : 
Walter Stewart, of Morphies, Kincardine, sixth son, who had : 
Andrew Stewart, second son, succeeded as Lord Evandale, 1 502, who had : 
Andrew Stewart, last Lord Evandale, first Lord Ochiltree, d, 1548, who had : 
Andrew Stewart, second Lord Ochiltree, who had : 
Margaret Stewart, m. Rev. John Knox, the Reformer, and had : 
Elizabeth Knox, m. Rev. John Welch, of Ayr, and had : 

Welch, m. Rev. James Witherspoon, of Yester parish, and had : 

Rev. John Witherspoon, D.D., LL.D., b, Feb. 5, 1722 ; came to America to 
take the presidency of the College of New Jersey, at Princeton ; member 
of the Continental Congress, and a signer of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. He was twice /»., and had issue. 




DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 39 



PEDIGREE X 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Elarl of Annandale and Carrick, d. 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m, Walter, high steward of Scotland, and had : 
Robert II., King of Scotland, who had : 
Robert Stuart, Duke of Albany, Earl of Fife, etc., who had : 
Marjory Stuart, m. Sir Duncan, Lord Campbell, of Lochow, and had : 
Sir Colin Campbell, of Glenurchy, third son, 1400-1478, who had : 
Mariot Campbell, m, William Stuart, of Baldoran, and had : 
John Stuart, of Glenbucky, second son, who had : 
Duncan Stuart, of Glenbucky, who had : 
Alexander Stuart, of Glenbucky, who had : 
Patrick Stuart, of Glenbucky, who had : 
William Stuart, of Ledcreich and Translarry, Perth, who had : 
Patrick Stuart, of Ledcreich, who had : 
Alexander Stuart, of Ledcreich, who had : 
Patrick Stuart, who came with his family to North Carolina, in 1739, ^^ 

his brother William (who had issue) and others, and, dying at Cheraws, 

S. C, had issue by his wife, Elizabeth Menzies. 



PEDIGREE XI 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d. 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m, Walter, high steward of Scotland, who had : 
Robert II., King of Scotland, who had : 

Catherine Stuart, m. Sir David Lindsay, first Earl of Crawford, and had : 
Alexander Lindsay, second Earl of Crawford, who had : 
Sir Walter Lindsay, of Edzell, third son, who had : 
Sir David Lindsay, of Edzell, d. 1527, who had : 
Walter Lindsay, of Edzell, eldest son, k, at Flodden, 15 13, who had : 
Sir David Lindsay, of Edzell, d, 1558, who had : 



I40 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Sir David Lindsay, of Edzell, d, 1610, who had : 

Margaret Lindsay, m, David, Lord Camegy, Earl of Southesk, and had : 
Catherine Carnegy, m. Sir John, Lord Stuart, Earl of Traquier, and had : 
John Stuart, second Earl of Traquier, 1 622-1666, who had : 
Charles Stuart, fourth Earl of Traquier, 1 659-1 741, who had : 
John Stuart, sixth Earl of Traquier, 1698- 1779, who had : 
Christiana Stuart, eldest daughter, sister of Charles, seventh Earl of Tra- 
quier, who m, 1769, Judge Cyrus Griffin, of Williamsburg, Va., member 
and president of the last Continental Congress, b, 1749, d, 1810. Issue, 



PEDIGREE XII 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, d, 1295, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m. Walter, high steward of Scotland, and had : 
Robert IL, King of Scotland, who had : 

Catherine Stuart, m. Sir David Lindsay, Earl of Crawford, and had : 
Marjory Lindsay, m. Sir William Douglas, of Lochlevan, and had : 
Sir Henry Douglas, of Lochlevan and Lugton, 142 1, who had: 
Robert Douglas, of Lochlevan and Kincross, k, 15 13, who had : 
Sir Robert Douglas, laird of Lochlevan, who had : 
Thomas Douglas, only son, d, v, p., who had : 
Elizabeth Douglas, m, Alexander Alexander, of Menstrie, and had : 
Andrew Alexander, of Menstrie, 1545, eldest son, who had: 
John Alexander, of Gogar, 1541, second son, who had: 
Alexander Alexander, of Millnab, only son, who had : 
David Alexander, of Muthill, second son, who had : 
James Alexander, second son, 1 691-1756. He came to America in 17 14, as 

surveyor-general of East Jersey, was many years a member of the King*s 

Council, and served as attorney-general and auditor-general of New York. 

He m, Mary, d. 1760, dau. of John Sprott, of Wigton, and widow of 

Samuel Prevost. Jssue. 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 141 



PEDIGREE XIII 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m. Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m, Walter, high steward of Scotland, and had : 
Robert II., King of Scotland, who had: 

Margaret Stuart, m, John-mor Macdonnell, lord of the Isles, and had : 
JOHN-OGE Macdonnell, younger son, d, 1369, who had: 
Marc ACH Macdonnell, of the Glinns, k, 1 397, who had : 
TiRLOUGH-MOR MACDONNELL, of the Glinns, d, 1435, ^^o hz^i 
Tirlough-oge Macdonnell, of Leinster, Ireland, who had : 
DoNOUGH Macdonnell, of Leinster, k, 1 504, who had : 
EoiN Carrach Macdonnell, of Leinster, who had : 
TiRLOUGH MacDonnell, of Leinster, who had : 
Calvagh Macdonnell, of Tennekill, d, 1570, who had: 
HuGH-BUiDHE MACDONNELL, of Ballycrassel, d, 16 1 8, who had : 
Brian Macdonnell, younger son, who had : 
Alexander Mac Donnell, constable of Wicklow, 1641, who had : 
Bryan Mac Donnell, of Arklow, County Wicklow, a lieutenant in King 
James*s Irish army. In 1691 he came to America with his family and set- 
tled in Mill Creek Hundred, New Castle County, Del., and, dying in 1707, 
had issue by his wife, Mary, dau. of John Doyle, of Arklow. 



PEDIGREE XIV 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert de Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert de Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Christiana Bruce, m. first, Gratney, Earl of Marr, and had : 
Elyne de Marr, m. Sir John Menteth, lord of Arran, d. 1357, and had : 
Christiana Menteth, m. Sir Edward Keith, marshal of Scotland, and had 
Janet Keith, m. Thomas Erskine, of Erskine, d. 1419, and had : 
Sir Robert Erskine, eighth laird of Erskine, d. 1453, who had : 
Thomas Erskine, Earl of Marr, d, 1494, who had : 
Mary Erskine, m, William Livingston, laird of Kilsyth, and had : 



142 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

William Livingston, fourth laird of Kilsyth, d, 1540, who had : 
Margaret Livingston, m, Gilbert Cunyngham, of Craigends, k, 1547, and had : 
James Cunyngham, of Arkenyeard, second son, who had : 
William Cunyngham, of Glengamock, second son, who had : 
Richard Cunyngham, of Glengamock, m. Oct. 13, 1654, who had: 
Robert Cunyngham, b, 1669, d, St Christopher's, W. L, 1749, who had : 
Mary Cunyngham, i 699-1 771, m, 1723, Isaac Roberdeau, and had: 
Daniel Roberdeau, only son, b. Island of St. Christopher, W. L, 1727 ; re- 
moved to Philadelphia, Pa. ; was member Pennsylvania Assembly, 1756- 
60; of the Council of Safety, 1775 ; general commanding Pennsylvania 
Line in the Revolutionary War ; member of the Continental Cong^ress, 
1777-79; d, Winchester, Va., Jan. 5, 1795. He tn. first, Oct. 3, 1761, 
Mary Bostwick, who d, before 1778, and m, secondly, Dec. 2, 1778, Jane 
Milligan. Issue, 



PEDIGREE XV 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d. 1304, who had : 
Christiana Bruce, m, Gratney, eleventh Earl of Marr, and had : 
Elyne de Marr, m. Sir John Menteth, of Arran, d, 1357, and had : 
Christiana Menteth, m. Sir Edward Keith, marshal of Scotland, and had : 
Janet Keith, m, Thomas Erskine, of Erskine, d, 141 9, and had : 
Sir Robert Erskine, eighth laird of Erskine, d, 1453, who had : 
Margaret Erskine, m, James Rutherford, of Edg^arston, and had : 
Thomas Rutherford, of Edgarston, Roxbuigshire, who had : 
Robert Rutherford, of Edgarston, Roxburgshire, who had : 
Thomas Rutherford, of Edgarston, Roxburgshire, who had : 
Richard Rutherford, of Edgarston, Roxburgshire, who had : 
Robert Rutherford, of Edgarston, Roxburgshire, who had : 
John Rutherford, of Edgarston, Roxburgshire, who had : 
Thomas Rutherford, of Edgarston, Roxburgshire, who had : 
Sir John Rutherfurd, young son, m, 1710, who had: 
Major Walter Rutherfurd, captain 62d Foot, Dec. 30, 1755, who was 
stationed in New York, where he m., 1758, as his first wife, Catherine, 
dau. of James Alexander (Pedigree XII.), and sister of Gen. William 
Alexander, titular Earl of Stirling, of the Continental army, and had issue 
by her. 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 43 



PEDIGREE XVI 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1 262, who had : 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1295, who had : 
Elizabeth de Clare, m, John de Burgh, and had : 
William de Burgh, third Earl of Ulster, 131 2-1 333, who had : 
Elizabeth de Burgh, m. Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, and had : 
Philippa Plantagenet, m. Edmund de Mortimer, Earl of March, and had : 
Roger de Mortimer, fourth Earl of March, k. 1398, who had : 
Anne Mortimer, im. Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge, and had : 
Richard Plantagenet, third Duke of York, the Protector, k. 1460, who had : 
George Plantagenet, K.G., Duke of Clarence, k, 1478, who had : 
Margaret Plantagenet, Countess of Salisbury, m, Richard Pole, and had : 
Henry Pole, K.B., Lord Montague, k. 1539, who had: 
Winifred Pole, m, secondly, Thomas Barrington, sheriff of Elssex, and had : 
Sir Francis Barrington, Bart., M.P., d, 1629, who had: 
Joan Barrington, im. Sir Richard Everard, Bart., and had : 
Sir Hugh Everard, Bart., second son, 1654-1705, who had : 
Sir Richard Everard, Bart., governor of North Carolina, d, 1732, who had : 
Susan Everard, who m. David Meade, of County Kerry, Ireland, and re- 
moved to Nansemond County, Va. Issue. 



PEDIGREE XVII 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1262, who had: 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1295, who had: 
Elizabeth de Clare, m, John de Burgh, and had : 
William de Burgh, third Earl of Ulster, 131 2-1333, ^^o l^* 
Elizabeth de Burgh, im. Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, and had : 
Philippa Plantagenet, m. Edmund de Mortimer, Earl of March, and had : 
Elizabeth de Mortimer, m, Henry de Percy, K.G. (" Hotspur"), and had : 
Henry de Percy, K.G, second Earl of Northumberland, k. 1455, who had: 
Catherine de Percy, m, Edmund de Grey, Earl of Kent, d, 1488, and had : 
George de Grey, second Earl of Kent, d, 1 504, who had : 
Anthony Grey, of Branspeth, second son, who had : 



144 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

George Grey, of Branspeth, who had : 

Rev. Anthony Grey, of Burbache, ninth Earl of Kent, d, 1643, who had : 

Henry Grey, tenth Earl of Kent, d, 1651, who had : 

Elizabeth Grey, m, Banastre, third Lord Maynard, d, 171 7, and had : 

Dorothy Maynard, m. Sir Robert Hesilrigge, Bart., d, 1721, and had : 

Sir Arthur Hesilrigge, Bart., of Noseley Hall, d, 1763, who had: 

Sir Robert Hesilrigge, Bart., of Noseley Hall, who removed to Boston, 

Mass., and m, Sarah, dau. of Nathaniel Waller, of Roxbury, Mass., and 

had : 

1. Hannah, w. Rev. Thomas Abbot, Roxbury, Mass. Issue, 

2. Sarah, m. Col. David Henley, Boston, Mass. Issue, 



PEDIGREE XVIII 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Mag^a Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, fifth Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Mary Bruce, m, first, Sir Neil Campbell, of Lochow, and had : 
Sir Colin Campbell, of Lochow, d, 1 340, who had : 
Sir Archibald Campbell, of Lochow, who had : 
Sir Colin Campbell, of Lochow, who had : 
Sir Duncan Campbell. Lord Campbell, of Lochow, who had : 
Archibald Campbell, second son and heir, d, v, p,, who had : 
Sir Colin Campbell, first Earl of Argyle, d, 1493, who had : 
Helen Campbell, m, Hugh Montgomery, first Earl of Eglington, and had : 
Sir Neil Montgomery, of Lainshaw, third son, k, 1 547, who had : 
Sir Neil Montgomery, of Lainshaw, second son, who had : 
Sir Neil Montgomery, of Lainshaw, d, ante 1613, who had : 
William Montgomery, of Brigend, second son, d, 1659, who had : 
John Montgomery, of Brigend, d, ante 1647, who had: 
Hugh Montgomery, of Brigend, 1630-1 710, who had : 
William Montgomery, of Brigend, eldest son, who sold Brigend, in 1692, 
and removed to Monmouth County, N. J., in 1701, where he purchased 
from his father-in-law, in 1706, an estate, which he named "Eglington." 
He m, in Scotland, Jan. 8, 1684-5, Isabel, dau. of Robert Burnet, of 
Lethintie, one of the original proprietors of East Jersey, and had ^asine 
of Bangour upon his contract of marriage, recorded at Ayr, May 28, 1684. 
Issue, 




DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 45 



PEDIGREE XIX 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Christiana Bruce, m, Patrick, Earl of Dunbar, d, 1 298, and had : 
Patrick Dunbar, eighth Earl of Dunbar, d, 1 309, who had : 
Patrick Dunbar, Earl of Dunbar and March, 1 285-1 369, who had : 
Agnes Dunbar, m. James Douglas, of Dalkieth, d. 1420, and had : 
Janet Douglas, m. Sir John Hamilton, of Cadyow, d. 1397, and had : 
Sir James Hamilton, of Cadyow, 1424, who had : 
Gavin Hamilton, fourth son. Provost at Bothwell, who had : 
John Hamilton, of Orbiston, who had : 

Gavin Hamilton, of Orbiston and Raplock, d, 1 540, who had : 
John Hamilton, of Orbiston, k, at Langsyde, who had : 
Marjory Hamilton, m, David Dundas, of Duddingston, and had : 
George Dundas, of Manor, 1628, younger son, who had : 
John Dundas, of Manor, who had : 
Ralph Dundas, of Manor, who had : 
John Dundas, of Manor, who had : 
James Dundas, b. at Manor, 1734, removed to Philadelphia, Pa., in 1757, 

where he d. in 1788, having issue by his wife, Elizabeth Moore, who d, 

1789. 



PEDIGREE XX 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, d, 1295, and had 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d. 1 304, who had : 
Mary Bruce, m, secondly. Sir Alexander Eraser, k. 1332, and had : 
Sir John Eraser, of Aberbothnot, who had : 

Margaret Eraser, m. Sir William Keith, marshal of Scotland, and had : 
Elizabeth Keith, m. Sir Adam Gordon, of Huntly, k, 1402, and had : 
Elizabeth Gordon, tn. Alexander de Seton, and had : 
Alexander de Gordon, first Earl of Huntly, d, 1470, who had : 
Margaret Gordon, m, Hugh Rose, of Kilravock, d, 15 17, and had : 
John Rose, first laird of Bellivat, second son, who had : 
John Rose, second laird of Bellivat, who had : 
John Rose, third laird of Bellivat, who had : 



146 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Hugh Rose, second son, who had : 

Patrick Rose, eldest son, </. 1727, who had : 

John Rose, of Wester Alves, d, v, p. 1724, who had : 

Rev. Robert Rose, third son (brother of Rev. Charles Rose, of Westmore- 
land County, Va,), b. Feb. 12, 1704 ; came to Virginia, 1725 ; was rector 
of St. Anne's parish, Essex County, 1 728-1 747, and of Albemarle parish, 
1 747-1 75 1, d, at Richmond, Va., June 30, 1751. He m. first, Feb. 23, 
1733-4, Mary Tarrent, and m. secondly, Nov. 6, 1740, Anne Fitzhugh. 
Issue by each wife. 



PEDIGREE XXI 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Isabella Bruce, m. Sir Thomas Randolph, of Strathwith, and had : 
Thomas Randolph, created Earl of Moray, 13 14, who had : 
Agnes Randolph, m, Patrick Dunbar, Earl of March, and had : 
George Dunbar, Earl of Dunbar and March, d, 1420, who had : 
Sir David Dunbar, of Cockburn, sixth son, who had : 
Mariota Dunbar, m, Alexander Lindsay, Earl of Crawford, and had : 
Sir Walter Lindsay, of Edzell, third son, who had : 
Sir David Lindsay, of Edzell, d, 1527, who had : 
Walter Lindsay, of Edzell, k, at Flodden, 15 13, who had : 
Alexander Lindsay, second son, who had : 

Rt. Rev. David Lindsay, Bishop of Ross, 1600, d, 161 3, who had : 
Sir Hierome Lindsay, of The Mount, d, 1642, who had : 
Rev. David Lindsay, of Northumberland County, Va., 1 603-1 667, who had : 
Helen Lindsay, only child and sole heiress, according to her father's will, 
dated April 2, 1667, to which she was executrix, and which she proved 
in April, 1667. She m, Thomas Opie, of Northumberland County, Va. 
Issue, 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 147 



PEDIGREE XXII 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Isabella Bruce, m. Sir Thomas Randolph, of Strath with, and had : 
Thomas Randolph, created Earl of Moray, 13 14, who had : 
Agnes Randolph, m. Patrick Dunbar, Earl of March, and had : 
George Dunbar, Earl of Dunbar and March, d, 1420, who had : 
Sir David Dunbar, of Cockbum, sixth son, who had : 
Mariota Dunbar, m, Alexander Lindsay, Earl of Crawford, and had : 
Sir Walter Lindsay, of Edzell, third son, who had : 
Sir David Lindsay, of Edzell, d, 1527, who had : 
Walter Lindsay, of Edzell, i. at Flodden, 15 13, who had : 
Alexander Lindsay, second son, who had : 

Rt. Rev. David Lindsay, Bishop of Ross, 1600, d. 1613, who had : 
Rachel Lindsay, m. Archbishop John Spottiswood, d. 1639, and had : 
Sir Robert Spottiswood, of New Abbey, Kent, Jt. 1646, who had : 
Robert Spotswood, M.D., third son, d, 1680, who had : 
Maj.-Gen. Alexander Spotswood, only son, d. 1676, d. June 7, 1740. He 
was lieutenant-governor and commander-in-chief of the Virginia Colony, 
1710-1723; resided at "Porto Bello,** James City County. He m,, in 
1724, Anne Butler Bryan. Issue, 



PEDIGREE XXIII 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d. 1 304, who had : 
Isabella Bruce, m. Sir Thomas Randolph, of Strathwith, and had : 
Thomas Randolph, created, 13 14, Earl of Moray, who had : 
Agnes Randolph, m, Patrick Dunbar, Earl of March, and had : 
Agnes Dunbar, m, James Douglas, of Dalkeith, d, 1420, and had : 
Janet Douglas, m. Sir John Hamilton, of Cadyow, d. 1397, and had : 
Sir James Hamilton, of Cadyow, 1424, eldest son, who had : 
Gavin Hamilton, fourth son, provost at Bothwell, who had : 
John Hamilton, of Orbiston, who had : 



148 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Gavin Hamilton, of Orbiston, 151 2-1 540, who had : 
John Hamilton, of Orbiston, k, at Langsyde, who had : 
Marjory Hamilton, m, David Dundas, of Duddingston, and had : 
James Dundas, of Duddingston, Linlithgow, who had : 
Bethia Dundas, m, James Hume, of Fastcastle, and had : 
Isabel Hume, m, Patrick Logan, b, Ormiston, 163-, d, Bristol, 169-, and had : 
James Logan, b, Lurgan, Ireland, Oct. 20, 1674, who was living in Bristol, 
England, when his father died, and in 1699 came to Pennsylvania with 
William Penn, as his secretary, and became chief justice and secretary of 
the province of Pennsylvania, a member and president of the Provincial 
Council, and d, at "Stenton,** Philadelphia County, Dec. 31, 1751. He 
M., 1 714, Sarah Read, of Philadelphia. Issue, 



PEDIGREE XXIV 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 

Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, who had : 

Thomas de Clare, governor of London, 1274, who had : 

Thomas de Clare, third son, who had : 

Maud de Clare, m, Robert de Clifford of Appleby, and had : 

Roger de Clifford, of Appleby, d, 1390, who had : 

Catherine de Clifford, m, Ralph de Greystock, d, 141 7, and had : 

Sir John de Greystock, d, 1435, ^^^ had : 

Sir Ralph de Greystock, d, 1487, who had : 

Anne de Greystock, m. Sir Thomas Asheton, and had : 

Margaret Asheton, m. Sir William Bothe, d, 1520, and had : 

George Bothe, d, 1531, who had : 

George Bothe, d, 1548, who had : 

Sir William Bothe, d, 1579, who had : 

Susan Bothe, w. Sir Edward Warren, of Poynton, 1 563-1609, and had : 

Thomas Warren, who was one of the early adventurers to Virginia, and, in 
1635, patented land in Charles City County, and represented James City 
County in the House of Burgesses, 1644, 1658, and 1663, and County 
Surrey, 1666. He «., 1634-5, first, Susan, widow of Robert Greenleaf, 
and m, secondly, 1654, Elizabeth, widow of Robert Sheppard. Is5tie» 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 49 



PEDIGREE XXV 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, d, 1 262, who had : 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford, d, 1295, who had : 
Margaret de Clare, »/. Hugh d'Audley, Earl of Gloucester, and had : 
Margaret d'Audley, m, Ralph de Stafford, Earl of Stafford, and had : 
[OAN DE Stafford, m, John de Cherleton, lord of Powys, and had : 
Sir Edward de Cherleton, K.G., lord of Powys, d, 1420, who had : 
Joan Cherleton, m, John de Grey, K.G., Earl of Tankerville, and had ; 
Sir Henry de Grey, second Earl of Tankerville, d, 1449, who had : 
Elizabeth Grey, m. Sir Roger Kynaston, d, 1517, and had : 
Humphrey Kynaston, of Morton, Salop, d, 1534, who had : 
Margaret Kynaston, m, John Lloyd, of Dyffryn, and had : 
Humphrey Lloyd- Wynn, of Dyffryn, Montgomeryshire, who had : 
Katherine Lloyd, m, John Lloyd, of Doloban, b, 1575, and had : 
Charles Lloyd, of Doloban, Montgomeryshire, 1613-1651, who had : 
Thomas Lloyd, b, Feb. 17, 1640-1, d. Sept. 10, 1694. He was the agent of 
William Penn in America, and his first deputy governor of the province of 
Pennsylvania, and was member and president of the Provincial Council. 
He m. first, Sept. 9, 1665, Mary, daughter of Roger (or Gilbert) Jones, of 
Welshpool, Wales, and had ten children ; and m, secondly. Patience 
Gardiner, widow of Robert Story, but no issue by her. 



PEDIGREE XXVI 

ROBERT FITZ-WALTER, a Magna Charta Surety, had ; 
Walter Fitz-Walter, d, 1257, who had: 
Sir Robert Fitz-Walter, first Baron by writ, d, 1325, who had : 
Robert Fitz-Walter, second Baron, d. 1328, who had : 
John Fitz-Walter, third Baron, d, 1361, who had : 
Alice Fitz-Walter, m, Aubrey de Vere, Earl of Oxford, and had : 
Richard de Vere, Earl of Oxford, d, 141 7, who had : 
Robert de Vere, second son, who had : 
John de Vere, only son, who had : 

John de Vere, K.G., fifteenth Earl of Oxford, d, 1539, who had : 
Anne de Vere, m, Edmund, first Lord Sheffield, k. 1 548, and had ; 
John Sheffield, second Lord Sheffield, of Butterwicke, who had : 



ISO THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Admiral Edmund Sheffield, K.G., Earl of Mulgrave, d, 1646, who had: 
Frances Sheffield, m. Sir Philip Fairfax, of Steeton, and had : 
Sir William Fairfax, of Steeton, Yorkshire, 1610-1692, who had: 
Isabella Fairfax, m, Nathaniel Bladen, of Hexnsworth, and had : 
William Bladen, b, Hemsworth, Yorkshire, 1672 ; came to Maryland, and 
was commissary-general of the province, and 1/. in 17 18, having issue by 
his first wife, Letitia, dau. of Judge Dudley Loftus, vicar-general of Ireland. 



PEDIGREE XXVII 

WILLIAM DE HUNTINGFIELD, a Magna Charta Surety had : 
Roger de Huntingfield, d, 1257, who had : 
Sir William de Huntingfield, d, 1282, who had : 
Roger de Huntingfield, d. 1301, who had : 
William de Huntingfield, d. 13 14, who had : 
Alice de Huntingfield, m. Sir John de Norwich, d, 1361, and had : 
Catherine de Norwich, m, William de la Pole, d, 1367, and had : 
Michael de la Pole, K.G., Earl of Suffolk, d, 1388, who had : 
Sir Michael de la Pole, second Earl of Suffolk, d, 141 5, who had : 
Sir Thomas de la Pole, third son, who had : 
Catherine de la Pole, m. Sir Miles Stapylton, d, 1466, and had : 
Elizabeth Stapylton, m. Sir William Calthorpe, d, 1494, and had : 
Elizabeth Calthorpe, m, Francis Hassylden, of Gilden Morden, and had : 
Frances Hassylden, m. Sir Robert Peyton, of Iselham, d, 1550, and had : 
Robert Peyton, of Iselham, Cambridgeshire, 1 523-1 590, who had : 
Sir John Peyton, Knt, Bart., and M.P., of Iselham, d, 16 16, who had : 
Sir Edward Peyton, Knt, Bart., of Iselham, 1 578-1656, who had : 
Thomas Peyton, of Wicken and Rougham, Norfolk, 16 16-1687, who had : 
Major Robert Peyton, of Gloucester County, Va., d. s. p. m., who had : 
Elizabeth Peyton, who m. in 168-, Col. Peter Beverley, of Gloucester County, 
Va., a member and speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses ; surveyor- 
general and treasurer of the Virginia Colony, and member of the Gover- 
nor's Council, d. 1728. /ssu^. 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 151 



PEDIGREE XXVIII 

JOHN DE LACIE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Maud de Lacie, m, Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, and had : 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1295, who had : 
Alianore de Clare, m, Hugh le Despencer, Jr., d. 1326, and had : 
Edward le Despencer, second son, d. 1342, who had : 
Edward le Despencer, K.G., Baron Spencer, d, 1375, who had : 
Thomas le Despencer, Earl of Gloucester, d. 1400, who had : 
Isabel Despencer, m. Richard, Earl of Worcester, and had : 
^Elizabeth de Beauchamp, m. Edward Neville, K.G., d. 1476, and had : 
George Neville, Baron Abergavenny, d. 1492, who had : 
George Neville, K.G., Baron Abergavenny, d, 1535, who had : 
Ursula Neville, m. Sir Warham St. Leger, of Ulcombe, and had : 
Sir Warham St. Leger, of Ulcombe, Kent, d. 1631, who had : 
Ursula St. Leger, m. Rev. Daniel Horsmanden, d, 1654, and had : 
Col. Warham Horsmanden, of Purleigh Park, Essex, who had : 
Maria Horsmanden, d. Nov. 9, 1699, who m. Col. William Byrd, who came 
to Virginia in 1674, ^^^ ^* ^^ 1704. fssu^. 



PEDIGREE XXIX 

JOHN DE LACIE, a Magna Charto Surety, had : y^^ Vw^la^u^^^; cK^^ C?vu*^4a^ 
Maud de Lacie, m. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, and had : 
Gilbert db Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1295, who had : 
Margaret db Clare, m. Hugh d'Audley, Earl of Gloucester, and had : 
Margaret d*Audley, m, Ralph de Stafford, K.G., Earl of Stafford, and had: 
[OAN DE Stafford, m. John de Cherleton, lord of Powys, and had : 
Sir Edward de Cherleton, K.G., lord of Powys, d, 1420, who had : 
Joan Cherleton, m, John de Grey, K.G., Earl of Tankerville, and had : 
Sir Henry db Grey, second Earl of Tankerville, d, 1449, who had : 
Elizabeth Grey, m. Sir Roger Kynaston, d. 15 17, and had : 
Mary Kynaston, m, Howell ap levan, of Ynya-y-Maengwyn, and had : 
Humphrey ap Howell, who had : 

Jane, m. Griffith ap Howell, of Nannau, Merionethshire, 1541, and had : 
John ap Griffith, second son, who had : 
Lewis ap John, who had : 
Rees ap Lewis, who had : 



152 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Ellis ap Rees, of Bryn Mawr, Merionethshire, who had : 

Rowland ap Ellis, b. 1650, who came to Pennsylvania in 1686, and settled 
at Bryn Mawr, Merion Township, Philadelphia (now Montgomery) Co., 
Pa., where he d. in 1726, having issue bearing the surname Ellis, by his 
second wife, Margaret, dau. of Robert ap Owen. 



PEDIGREE XXX 

JOHN DE LACIE, a Magna Charta Surety, had ; 
Maud de Lacie, m, Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, and had : 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1295, who had : 
Alianore de Clare, m, Hugh le Despencer, Jr., d. 1326, and had : 
Elizabeth le Despencer, m. Maurice de Berkeley, d, 1368, and had : 
Thomas de Berkeley, Viscount de Lisle, d, 14 16, who had : 
Elizabeth Berkeley, m, Richard de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and had : 
Alianore Beauchamp, m, Edmund de Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, and had : 
Joan de Beaufort, m, Robert St. Lawrence, Lord Howth, and had : 
Anne St. Lawrence, m, Thomas Cusack, of Gerardstown, and had : 
Elizabeth Cusack, m., 1563, Patrick de la Field, and had: 
John de la Field, who had : 
John de la Field, m, 16 10, who had : 
John de la Field, m, 1636, who had : 

John de la Field, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, 1697, who had : 
John de la Field, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, b, 1656, who had : 
John de la Field, b, 1692, second son, who had: 

John de la Field, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, 1 720-1 763, who had : 
John de la Field, of New York City, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, 
eldest son, d, July 3, 1824, having issue by his wife, whom he m, in 1784, 
Anne, b, 1766, d, 1839, dau. of Joseph Hallett, of New York. 



PEDIGREE XXXI 

JOHN DE LACIE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Maud de Lacie, ///. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, and had : 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1295, who had : 
Alianore de Clare, tn, Hugh le Despencer, Jr., d, 1326, and had : 
Edward le Despencer, second son, d, 1342, who had: 
Edward le Despencer, K.G, Baron Despencer, 1336-1375, who had: 
Thomas le Despencer, first Earl of Gloucester, d, 1400, who had : 




DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 53 

Isabel Spencer, m, Richard de Beauchamp, Earl of Worcester, and had : 
Elizabeth de Beauchamp, m, Edward Nevill, K.G., d, 1476, and had : 
Sir George Nevill, second Baron Abergavenny, d, 1492, who had : 
George Nevill, K.B., K.G., third Baron Abergavenny, d, 1535-6, who had: 
Ursula Nevill, m. Sir Warham St. Leger, of Ulcombe, Kent, and had : 
Anne St. Leger, m. Gen. Thomas Digges, of Digges Court, d, 1595, and had : 
Sir Dudley Digges, of Chilham Castle, Kent, d. 1638, who had: 
Edward Digges, third son, b, 1621 ; came to Virginia, and was governor of 
the colony, 1655-58; member of the Governor's Council, 1654-1675 ; d, 
at his seat, "Bellville,*' on the York River, Virginia, March 15, 1675-6, 
having six sons and seven daughters by his wife, Elizabeth Bray. 



PEDIGREE XXXII 

JOHN DE LACIE. a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Maud de Lacie, m, Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, and had : 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1295, who had : 
Alianore de Clare, m, Hugh le Despencer, Jr., d, 1326, and had : 
Edward le Despencer, second son, d, 1342, who had : 
Edward le Despencer, K.G., Baron Despencer, d. 1375, who had: 
Thomas le Despencer, first Earl of Gloucester, k. 1400, who had : 
Isabel Despencer, m. Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Worcester, and had : 
Elizabeth Beauchamp, m, Edward Nevill, K.G., d, 1476, and had : 
Sir George Nevill, second Baron Abergavenny, d, 1492, who had : 
Sir Edward Nevill, of Aldington, third son, k, 1538, who had : 
Catherine Nevill; m, Clement Throckmorton, of Haseley, and had : 
Catherine Throckmorton, m, Thomas Harby, of Adston, d, 1 592, and had : 
Catherine Harby, m. Dr. Daniel Oxenbridge, of Daventry, d, 1642, and had : 
Rev. John Oxenbridge, b, at Daventry, Northamptonshire, Jan. 30, 1609-10. 

He removed to New England, and became pastor of the First Church, 

Boston, where he d. Dec. 28, 1674. Issue, 



PEDIGREE XXXIII 

JOHN DE LACIE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Maud de Lacie, m, Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, and had : 
Gjlbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1295, who had : 
Elizabeth de Clare, m, John de Burgh, and had : 
William de Burgh, third Earl of Ulster, k, 1333, who had : 
Elizabeth de Burgh, m, Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, and had : 

II 



^ -^ 



154 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Philippa Plantagenet, m. Edmund de Mortimer, Earl of March, and had : 
Elizabeth Mortimer, m. Henry Percy (" Hotspur") k. 1403, and had : 
Henry Percy, K.G., second Earl of Northumberland, k, 1455* "^^^ ^^• 
Henry Percy, K.G., third Earl of Northumberland, k. 1461, who had : 
Henry Percy, K.G., fourth Earl of Northumberland, k. 1489, who had : 
Henry Algernon Percy, K.G., fifth Earl of Northumberland, who had: 
Margaret Percy, m, Henry Clifford, K.G., Earl of Cumberland, and had : 
Catherine Clifford, m. Sir Richard Cholmoneley, of Roxby, and had : 
Sir Henry Cholmoneley, of Roxby, d. 1641, who had : 
Mary Cholmoneley, m. Rev. Henry Fairfax, of Oglethorpe, and had : 
Henry Fairfax, fourth Lord Fairfax, of Cameron, d. 1688, who had : 
Henry Fairfax, of Denton^ second son, d, 1708, who had : 
William Fairfax, of "Belvoir,** in Virginia, fourth son, d. 1691, d. 1757, 
president of H. M. Council for Virginia, manager of the Virginia estates 
of Thomas, sixth Lord Fairfax. He m. first, Sarah Walkec, and m, 
secondly, Deborah Clark, /ssuf. 



PEDIGREE XXXIV 

WILLL\M DE LANVALLEI, a Magna Charto Surety, had : 
Hawise de Lanvallei, m. Sir John de Burgh, and had : 
John de Burgh, Baron Lanvallei, d. 1279, who had : 
Margaret de Burgh, m. Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and had : 
Elizabeth de Burgh, m, Robert I., King of Scots, and had : 
Margaret Bruce, m. William, Earl of Sutherland, and had : 
William, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1389, who had : 
Robert, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1442, who had : 
Alexander Sutherland, of Dunbeath, third son, who had : 
Marjory Sutherland, m, William St. Clair, Earl of Orkney, and had : 
William St. Clair, second Earl of Caithness, k, 15 13, who had : 
John St. Clair, third Earl of Caithness, k. 1529, who had : 
George St. Clair, fourth Earl of Caithness, d, 1582, who had : 
John St. Clair, Master of Caithness, d, 2/./., 1576-7, who had : 
Sir James St. Clair, of Murchil and Halcro, 1 593, who had : 
James St. Clair, of Assery, 1628, and Brawlbin, 1631, who had : 
James St. Clair, of Assery, who had : 
James St. Clair, of Thurso, d, 171 3, who had : 
William St. Clair, of Thurso, 1734, who had : 

Arthur St. Clair, who came to America in 1758, and became a major-gen- 
eral in the Continental army, d, Aug. 31, 1818. He m. at Boston, 1760, 
Phoebe Bayard, of Boston, Mass. fssu^. 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 55 



PEDIGREE XXXV 

WILLIAM DE LANVALLEI, a Magna Clj^Lrta Surety, had : 
Hawyse de Lanvallei, m. Sir John dc Burgh, and had : 
John de Burgh, Baron de Lanvallei, d, s.p, m, 1279, who had : 
Margaret de Burgh, m, Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and had : 
Elizabeth de Burgh, m. Robert I., King of Scotland, and had : 
Margaret Bruce, m, William, Earl of Sutherland, d, 1370, and had : 
William de Sutherland, fifth Earl of Sutherland, d, 1389, who had : 
Robert de Sutherland, sixth Earl of Sutherland, d, 1442, who had : 
Alexander Sutherland, of Dunbeath, third son, who had : 
Marjory Sutherland, m, William Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, and had : 
Marjory Sinclair, m, Andrew Leslie, Master of Rothes, d, 1502, and had : 
William Leslie, third son, k, at Flodden, 15 13, who had : 
George Leslie, third Earl of Rothes, d, 15581 who had : 
Helen Leslie, ^. Mark Ker, Abbot of Newbottle, d. 1584, and had : 
Mark Ker, Earl of Lothian, d, 1609, who had : 
Janet Ker, m, Robert Boyd, Master of Boyd, d, v,p,, and had : 
James Boyd, eighth Lord Boyd, of Kilmarnock, d, 1654, who had : 
William Boyd, ninth Lord Boyd, Earl of Kilmarnock, d, 1692, who had : 
Robert Boyd, fourth son, b, Aug. 6, 1689, ^- i7^i* who had : 
James Boyd, b, Kilmarnock, May 3, 1732, came to New England in 1756, and 
resided at Newburyport, Mass., d, Sept. 30, 1798. He m, first, Aug. 11, 
1757, Susanna Coffin, of Newburyport, and m, secondly, July 23, 1791, 
Ann Bulfinch, of Boston, Mass., and had issue by his first wife. 



PEDIGREE XXXVI 

WILLIAM DE LANVALLEI, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hawyse de Lanvallei, m. Sir John de Burgh, and had : 
John de Burgh, Baron de Lanvallei, d, s, p, m, 1279, who had : 
Margaret de Burgh, m, Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and had : 
Elizabeth de Burgh, m. Robert I., King of Scotland, and had : 
Margaret Bruce, m. William, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1 370, and had : 
William de Sutherland, fifth Earl of Sutherland, d, 1389, who had : 
Robert de Sittherland, sixth Earl of Sutherland, d. 1442, who had : 
Alexander de Sittherland, of Dunbeath, third son, who had : 
Marjory Sxttherland, m. William Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, and had : 
Marjory Sinclair, m. Andrew Leslie, Master of Rothes, d. 1502, and had : 



156 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

William Lesley, third son, k, isi3> who had : 
George Lesley, third Earl of Rothes, d, 1558, who had : 
Agnes Lesley, ///. William Douglas, sixth Earl of Morton, and had : 
Agnes Douglas, m. Archibald£^mpbell, seventh Earl of Argyle, and had : 
Mary Campbell, m, Robert Montgomery, Jr., of Skelmurle, d.v.p,, and had ; 
Sir Robert Montgomery, second Bart., of Skelmurle, d, 1684, who had : 
Margaret Montgomery, m, Godfrey Macalester, laird of Loup, and had : 
John Macalester, of Torrisdale Glen and Ardnakill, who had : 
Margaret Macalester, m, Charles Macquarrie, of Campbelltown, and had : 
Isabella Macquarrie, m, Charles Macalester, of Tarbert, d, 1797, and had : 
Charles Macalester, b, Campbelltown, in Kintyre, 1766 (his father was 
Master of Campbelltown, and was lost at sea), and removed to Philadel- 
phia, Pa., where he d, in 1832, having issue by his wife, Anne Sampson, 
of Perth. 



PEDIGREE XXXVII 

WILLIAM DE LANVALLEI, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hawyse de Lanvallei, m. Sir John de Burgh, and had : 
John de Burgh, Baron of Lanvallei, d. 1279, who had : 
Margaret de Burgh, m, Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and had : 
Elizabeth de Burgh, m. Robert I., King of Scotland, and had : 
Matilda Bruce, ;//. Thomas Isaac, and had : 
Joan Isaac, ///. John d'Ergadia, lord of Lorn, and had : 
Isabel d*Ergadia, /;/. Sir John Stuart, of Muermeath, and had : 
Sir James Stuart, the Black Knight of Lorn, who had : 
Sir John Stuart, of Lorn, first Earl of Athol, d. 1 5 1 2, who had : 
Isabel Stuart, m, Alexander Robertson, of Strowan, and had : 
John Robertson, of Muirton, second son, who had : 
Gilbert Robertson, of Muirton, who had : 
David Robertson, of Muirton, who had : 
William Robertson, of Muirton, who had : 
William Robertson, of Gladney, who had : 
Rev. William Robertson, of Edinburgh, who had : 
Jean Robertson, w. Alexander Henry, of Aberdeen, and had : 
John Henry, who came to the Virginia Colony in 1730, and resided at his 
seats, "Studley" and "The Retreat," in Hanover County, Va. He m,, 
in Virginia, Sarah, dau. of Isaac Winston, and ^^idow of Col. Syme. 
Issue. 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 157 



PEDIGREE XXXVIII 

WILLIAM DE LANVALLEI, a Magna |iputa Surety, had : 
Hawyse de Lanvallei, m. Sir John ae Burgh, and had : 
John de Burgh, Baron of Lanvallei, d, 1279, who had : 
Margaret de Burgh, m, Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and had : 
Joan de Burgh, m, Thomas Fitz-Gerald, Earl of Kildare, and had : 
Maurice Fitz-Gerald, fourth Earl of Kildare, d. 1390, who had : 
Gerald Fitz-Gerald, fifth Earl of Kildare, d, 14 10, who had : 
John Fitz-Gerald, sixth Earl of Kildare, d, 1427, who had : 
Thomas Fitz-Gerald, seventh Earl of Kildare, d, 1478, who had : 
Gerald Fitz-Gerald, eighth Earl of Kildare, who had : 
Eleanor Fitz-Gerald, m, Donald MacCarthy, Prince of Carberry, and had : 
Julia MacCarthy, m. Dermod O* Sullivan, lord of Beare, k, 1549, and had : 
Sir Philip O'Sullivan-Beare, of Ardea Castle, Kerry, who had : 
Daniel 0*Sullivan-Beare, of Ardea, Kerry, who had : 
Philip O'Sullivan-Beare, of Ardea, Kerry, 1650, who had : 
Daniel O'Sullivan-Beare, of Ardea, Kerry, 1675, who had : 
Owen O' Sullivan, of Ardea, County Kerry, who had : 
Major Philip O'Sullivan, of Ardea, County Kerry, who had : 
John O'Sullivan, b, Ardea, Kerry, June 17, 1690, came to New England in 
1723, and resided and d, at Berwick, Me., June 20, 1795, aged 105 years, 
having issue by his wife, Margaret Browne, of Ardea, b. 17 14, d, 1801. 



PEDIGREE XXXIX 

WILLIAM DE MALET, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Mabel Malet, m, Hugh de Vivonia, and had : 
William de Vivonia, who had : 

Cicely de Vivonia, m. John de Beauchamp, of Hache, and had : 
John de Beauchamp, first Baron by writ, d, 1336, who had : 
John de Beauchamp, second Baron by writ, d. 1343, who had : 
John de Beauchamp, third Baron by writ, d, 1360, who had : 
Cicely de Beauchamp, m. Sir Roger de Seymour, and had : 
Sir William de Seymour, of Evenswinden, who had : 
Roger de Seymour, who had : 
Sir John de Seymour, who had : 
John de Seymour, who had : 
John de Seymour, who had : 



158 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Sir John de Seymour, of Wolf Hall, Wilts, who had : 
Sir Henry de Seymour, K.B., who had : 
Jean Seymour, m. Sir John Rodney, 1 557-1612, and had : 
William Rodney, of Hantsfield and Bristol, third son, 1 610-1699, who had : 
William Rodney, b, Bristol, 1652 ; came to Pennsylvania in 1682 ; resided 
in Kent County, Del. ; member and first Speaker of the Assembly of Del- 
aware ; sheriff of Sussex County ; a member of Penn's council, 1688. He 
d, April 8, 1708, having issue by his first wife, tn, in Philadelphia, 1688, 
Mary, d. Dec. 20, 1692, dau. of Thomas and Sarah HoUyman. 



PEDIGREE XL 

WILLIAM DE MOWBRAY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Roger de Mowbray, second son, d, 1266, who had : 
Roger de Mowbray, of the Isle of Axholme, d, 1298, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of the Isle of Axholme, d, 1321, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of the Isle of Axholme, d. 1361, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of the Isle of Axholme, k, 1 368, who had : 
Margery Mowbray, m, John, Baron Welles, of Gainsby, d, 1422, and had : 
EuDO DE Welles, eldest son, d, v, /., who had : 

Sir Leo de Welles, of Gainsby, third Baron by writ, k, 1461, who had : 
Margaret Welles, m. Sir Thomas Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, Lincoln, and had : 
Sir Lionel Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, Lincolnshire, d. 15 19, who had : 
Alice Dymoke, m. Sir William Skipwith, of Ormsby, and had : 
Sir William Henry Skipwith, of Prestwould, Leicestershire, who had : 
Sir William Skipwith, of Prestwould, Leicestershire, who had : 
Sir William Skipwith, of Prestwould, a Baronet, Dec. 20, 1622, who had : 
Sir Guy Skipwith, third Bart., second son, removed to Virg:inia, who had : 
Sir William Skipwith, fourth Bart., of Virginia, who had : 
Sir William Skipwith, sixth Bart., of "Prestwould," Mecklenburg County, 
Va., 1 707-1 764. He tn, Elizabeth, dau. of John Smith, sheriff of Mid- 
dlesex County, Va. Issue, 




DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 59 

PEDIGREE XLI 

WILLIAM DE MOWBRAY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Roger de Mowbray, second son, d, 1266, who had : 
Roger de Mowbray, of Axholme, first Baron by writ, d, 1 298, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, second Baron, d, 1321, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, third Baron, d, 1361, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, fourth Baron, k, 1368, who had : 
Eleanor de Mowbray, m. Roger, Baron de la Warr, d, 1371, and had : 
Joan de la Warr, m. Sir Thomas, Baron de West, d, 1405, and had : 
Sir Reginald de West, second son, Baron de la Warr, d, 1451, who had : 
Sir Richard de West, second Baron de la Warr, 143 2- 1476, who had : 
Thomas de West, K.G., third Baron de la Warr, d. 1524, who had : 
Sir George West, second son, d, 1538, who had : 
Sir William West, created Lord Delaware, d, 1595, who had : 
Sir Thomas West, second Lord Delaware, d, 1602, who had : 
Penelope West, m, Herbert Pelham, of Boston, Lincolnshire, and had : 
Herbert Pelham, M.P., b, 1600, who came to Massachusetts in 1638 (bring- 
ing his sister Penelope, d, 1702, who w., as his second wife, Richard Bel- 
lingham, governor of Massachusetts Colony, 1641, d, 1672, and had 
issue), and became treasurer of Harvard College, 1643 • assistant, 1645 ; 
d, in England in July, 1674. He was twice married, and had issue. 



PEDIGREE XLII 

WILLIAM DE MOWBRAY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Roger de Mowbray, second son, d, 1266, who had : 
Roger de Mowbray, of Axholme, first Baron by writ, d, 1 298, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, second Baron, d, 1321, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, third Baron, d, 1361, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, fourth Baron, k, 1368, who had : 
Eleanor de Mowbray, »i. Roger de la Warr, d, 1371, and had : 
Joan de la Warr, m. Sir Thomas, Baron de West, d, 1405, and had : 
Sir Reginald de West, Baron de la Warr, second son, d, 1451, who had : 
Sir Richard de West, second Baron de la Warr, 1432- 1476, who had : 
Thomas de West, K.G., third Baron de la Warr, d, 1524, who had : 
Sir George West, second son, d, 1538, who had : 
Sir William West, created Lord Delaware, d, 1595, who had : 
Sir Thomas West, second Lord Delaware, d, 1602, who had : 
Col. John West, b. Hampshire, Dec. 14, 1590 ; B.A. Oxford, Dec. i, 1613 ; 

member of Virginia Council, 1630-59 ; governor of the Virginia Colony, 

1635-7, d, 1659. Issue. 




41 



l6o THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



PEDIGREE XLIII 

WILLIAM DE MOWBRAY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Roger de Mowbray, second son, d, 1 266, who had : 
Roger de Mowbray, of Axholme, first Baron by writ, d. 1298, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, second Baron, d, 1321, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, third Baron, d, 1361, who had : 
John de Mowbray, of Axholme, fourth Baron, k, 1368, who had : 
Eleanor de Mowbray, m. Roger de la Warr, d, 1371, and had : 
Joan de la Warr, m. Sir Thomas, Baron de West, d, 1405, and had : 
Sir Reginald de West, second son. Baron de la Warr, d, 145 1, who had : 
Margaret de West, m, Thomas, Baron d*Echingham, d, 1482, and had : 
Margaret d*£chingham, m. William le Blount, and had : 
Elizabeth le Blount, m. Sir Andrews, Baron Windsor, d, 1 543, and had : 
Eleanor de Windsor, m. Sir Edward Nevill, of Aldington, and had : 
Catherine Nevill, m. Clement Throckmorton, Haseley, d, 1 594, and had : 
Catherine Throckmorton, m, Thomas Harby, of Adston, d. 1 592, and had : 
Catherine Harby, m. Dr. Daniel Oxenbridge, of Daventry, d. 1642, and had : 
Elizabeth Oxenbridge, m, Caleb Cockercraft, d. 1644, and had: 
Elizabeth Cockercraft, m, Nathaniel Herring, d. 1678, and had : 
Oliver Hering, who had : 
Oliver Hering, who had : 

Capt. Julines Hering, of Jamaica, W. I., who had : 
Mary Hering, who nt, Henry Middleton, of Charleston, S. C, governor of 

South Carolina, U. S. Minister to Russia, son of Arthur Middleton, a 

signer of the Declaration of Independence. Issue, 



PEDIGREE XLIV 

SAHER DE QUINCEY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
-Roger de Quincey, second Earl of Winchester, d. 1264, who had 
Ela de Quincey, m. Sir Alan le Zouche, of Ashby, d. 1269, and had : 
EuDO LE Zouche, second son, d, 1285, who had: 
William le Zouche, of Haryngworth, first Baron by writ, who had : 
EuDO LE Zouche, eldest son, d, v. p., who had : 
William le Zouche, of Haryngworth, third Baron, who had : 
Sir William le Zouche, of Haryngworth, fourth Baron, who had : 
William le Zouche, of Haryngworth, fifth Baron, who had : 
William le Zouche, of Haryngworth, sixth Baron, who had : 




DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS l6l 

William le Zouche, of Haryngworth, seventh Baron, who had : 
John le Zouche, of Haryngworth, eighth Baron, who had : 
Joan le Zouche, m. Sir Edward Hungerford, of Heytesbury, and had : 
Sir Walter Hungerford, beheaded in 1541, who had : 
Sir Anthony Hungerford, of Burton-Ings, Oxford, who had : 
Lucy Hungerford, m. Edmund Lechmere, of Henley, and had : 
Thomas Lechmere, who was surveyor-general of customs at Boston, Mass., 
d, June 4, 1765, having issue by his wife, m. Nov. 17, 1709, Anne, d, 1746, 
dau. of Wait Still Winthrop, chief justice of Massachusetts, son of Gov. 
John Winthrop and his second wife. 



PEDIGREE XLV 

SAHER DE QUINCEY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Roger de Quincey, second Earl of Winchester, d. 1 264, who had : 

Margaret Quincey, m, William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, d. 1254, and had : 

William de Ferrers, of Groby, second son, d. 1287, who had : 

Anne Ferrers, m. John de Grey, of Ruthyn, d, 1323, and had: 

Maud Grey, m. Sir John de Norville, lord of Norton, York, and had : 

John de Norton, of Sharpenhow, Bedford, who had : 

John de Norton, of Sharpenhow, Bedford, who had : 

Richard Norton, second son, who had : 

William Norton, of Sharpenhow, Bedford, who had : 

William Norton, of Storford, Hertfordshire, who had : 

Rev. William Norton, ^. 16 10, who came to New England and resided at 
Ipswich, Mass., and d, April 30, 1694, having issue by his wife, Lucy, 
dau. of Emanuel Downing and his wife, Lucy, sister of John ^^^nthrop, 
governor of Massachusetts Colony. 



PEDIGREE XLVI 

SAHER DE QUINCEY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hawyse de Quincey, m. Hugh de Vcre, Earl of Oxford, and had : 
Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, d, 1296, who had : 
Joan de Vere, m, William de Warren, d, v, /., 1286, and had : 
Alice de Warren, m, Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., Earl of Arundel, and had 
Richard Fitz-ALan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d. 1375, who had : 



l~ 



162 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G , Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d, 1398, who had : 
Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, m. thirdly, Sir Robert Goushill, and had : 
Elizabeth Goushill, m. Sir Robert Wingfield, of Letheringham, and had : 
Sir Henry Wingfield, of Orford, Suffolk, d, 1483-4, who had : 
Sir Robert Wingfield, of Orford and Upton, d, 1575-6, who had : 
Robert Wingfield, M.P., of Upton, Northants, d, 1580, who had; 
Dorothy Wingfield, m, Adam Claypoole, of Latham, Lincoln, and had : 
Sir John Claypoole, of Narboro*, Northants, m. 1622, who had : 
James Claypoole, who came to Pennsylvania, June 8, 1683, resided in Phila- 
delphia, and was a prominent merchant-citizen and treasurer of the Free 
Society of Traders of Pennsylvania, and, dying in 1687, had issue by his 
wife, Helen Merces, d, 1688, whom he m, at Bremen, Dec. 12, 1657. 



PEDIGREE XLVII 

SAHER DE QUINCEY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hawyse de Quincey, m. Hugh de Vere, Earl of Oxford, and had : 
Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, d, 1 296, who had : 
Joan de Vere, m, William de Warren, d, v, p, 1 286, and had : 
Alice de Warren, m, Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., Earl of Arundel, and had 
Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Elarl of Arundel and Surrey, d, 1375, who had 
^ Alice Fitz-Alan, tn, Thomas de Holland, Elarl of Kent, d. 1397, and had 
5 / Elizabeth de Holland, m. Sir John de Nevill, d, v. p,, 1423, and had : 
^ Sir John de Nevill, k. 1461, who had : 

^ Ralph de Nevill, third Earl of Westmoreland, d. 1498, who had : 

^ Ralph de Nevill, Lord Nevill of Hornby, d, v, p, 1498, who had : 

Anne Nevill, tn. Sir William Conyers, of PateshuII, d, 15 14, and had: 
Reginald Conyers, of Wacherlei, Northamptonshire, who had : 
Richard Conyers, of Wakerley, 1553, who had : 
Christopher Conyers, of Wakerley, who had : 

Edward Conyers (Converse), b. Wakerley, Jan. 30, 1590, came to New 
England in 1630, and resided in Charlestown, Mass. He performed the 
duties of several public offices, and d, at Woburn, Mass., in 1663, having 
issue by his first wife, Jane Clarke, of Theckenham. 




DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 63 



PEDIGREE XLVIII 

SAHER DE QUINCEY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hawise de Quincey, m. Hugh dc Vcre, Earl of Oxford, and had : 
Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, d, 1 296, who had : 
Joan de Vere, m, William de Warren, d, v, fi, 1 286, and had : 
Alice de Warren, m, Edmund Fitz-ALAN, K.B., Earl of Arundel, and had : 
Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d, 1375, who had : 
Alice Fitz-Alan, m, Thomas de Holland, Earl of Kent, and had : 
Margaret de Holland, m. John de Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, and had : 
Joan de Beaufort, m. James I., King of Scotland, and had : 
Janet Stewart, m. James Douglas, Earl of Morton, and had : 
Janet Douglas, m, Patrick Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, and had : 
Margaret Hepburn, m, John Murray, of Fallahill, and had : 
William Murray, of Stanhope, Peebleshire, who had : 
William Murray, of Stanhope and Romano, 1531, who had : 
John Murray, of Stanhope and Romano, 1587, who had : 
William Murray, of Stanhope and Romano, who had : 
Adam Murray, of Cardow, 1657, who had : 
William Mufray, of Cardow, who had : 

Christiana Murray, m, John Wallace, of Drumellier, 1674-1733, and had : 
John Wallace, b. Drumellier, Jan. 7, 17 18, removed in 1742 to Somerset 
County, N. J., where he d,, at "Hope Farm," in 1783, having issue by 
his wife Mary, d, 1 784, only dau. of Joshua Maddox, of Philadelphia, Pa. 



PEDIGREE XLIX 

GEOFFREY DE SAY, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
William de Say, eldest son, d, 1272, who had : 
William de Say, eldest son, d, 1295, who had : 
Geoffrey de Say, eldest son, first Baron by writ, d, 1322, who had : 
Geoffrey de Say, second Baron by writ, admiral, d. 1359, ^^^ ^^^ ' 
Idonea de Say, m. John, third Baron Clinton, and had : 
William de Clinton, fourth Baron Clinton, who had : 
John de Clinton, fifth Baron Clinton, who had : 
John de Clinton, sixth Baron Clinton, who had : 
John de Clinton, seventh Baron Clinton, who had : 
Thomas de Clinton, eighth Baron Clinton, who had : 



1 64 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Edward de Clinton, ninth Baron, first Earl of Lincoln, d, 1 584, who had : 
Henry de Clinton, K.B., tenth Baron, second Earl of Lincoln, who had : 
Thomas de Clinton, eleventh Baron, third Earl of Lincoln, d. 1619, who had : 
Susan Clinton, who m, John Humphrey, b, Dorchester, Dorset, d. Sandwich, 
Kent, 1 66 1. They came to New England in 1634, Mr. Humphrey (or 
Humfrey) being one of the gentlemen to whom the Council of Plymouth, 
'England, sold part of Massachusetts in 1628, and settled at Lynn, when 
he entered upon his duties as assistant to Gov. John Winthrop, and was 
a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, and, in 1641, 
appointed commander of the militia. Issue, 



PEDIGREE L 

ROBERT DE VERE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hugh de Vere, fourth Earl of Oxford, d, 1 263, who had : 
Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, d, 1 296, who had : 
Joan de Vere, m, William de Warren, d, v, /., 1286, and had: 
Alice de Warren, tn, Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., Earl of Arundel, and had : 
Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d, 1375, who had : 
Alice Fitz-Alan, m, Thomas de Holland, Elarl of Kent, d, 1397, and had : 
Margaret de Holland, m, John de Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, and had : 
Edmund de Beaufort, K.G., fourth Duke of Somerset, k, 1455, who had : 
Eleanor de Beaufort, m. Sir Robert Spencer, of Spencer Combe, and had : 
Margaret Spencer, m, Thomas Cary, of Chilton-FoUiot, and had : 
William Cary, second son, esquire to Henry VIIL, d. 1528, who had : 
Catherine Cary, m, Francis Knolleys, K.G., 15 14-1596, and had : 
Anne Knolleys, m. Sir Thomas Leighton, of Feckingham, and had : 
THOBfAS Leighton, of Feckingham, Wilts, who had : 
Anne Leighton, w. Sir John St. John, Bart., of Lidiard-Tregoze, and had: 
Anne St. John, m. Sir Francis Henry Lee, Bart., of Ditchley, and had : 
Francis Henry Lee, of Quarendon, Berks, second son, who had : 
Edward Henry Lee, Bart., first Earl of Litchfield, d, 17 16, who had : 
Charlotte Lee, m, Benedict Calvert, fifth Lord Baltimore, d, 17 15, and had : 
Benedict Leonard Calvert, i 700-1 751, governor of Maryland, who had : 
Eleanor Calvert, d. 18 14, who m, first, Feb. 3, 1774, John Parke Custis, of 
"Abingdon," in Virginia, d, 1781, and m, secondly, 1787, Dr. David 
Steuart, of " Ossian Hall,** in Virginia. Issue by both husbands. 



k 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 65 

PEDIGREE LI 

ROBERT DE VERE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hugh de Verb, fourth Earl of Oxford, d, 1263, who had : 
Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, d, 1 296, who had : 
Joan de Vere, m, William de Warren, d. v. p. 1 286, and had : 
Alice de Warren, m, Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., Earl of Arundel, and had : 
Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d, 1375, who had : 
Alice Fitz-Alan, m, Thomas de Holland, Elarl of Kent, and had : 
Margaret de Holland, m, John de Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, and had : 
Joan de Beaufort, w. secondly. Sir James Stewart, of Lorn, and had : 
Sir John Stewart, first Earl of Athol, d. 1512, who had: 
Elizabeth Stewart, w. Andrew, third Lord Gray, and had : 
Joan Gray, m. Sir Alexander Blair, of Balthyock, and had : 
Sir Thomas Blair, of Balthyock, Perthshire, who had : 
Eupheme Blair, m, Andrew Scott, of Balweary, and had : 
Andrew Scott, of Kirkstyle, who had : 
George Scott, of Kirkstyle, who had : 
Patrick Scott, of Ancrum, Roxbury shire, who had : 
Sir John Scott, Bart., of Ancrum, d, 1712, who had: 

John Scott, third son, who came to New York, and was made a citizen in 
1 702, and w. the same year, Magdalen, dau. of John Vincent Cooper, of 
New York. Issue, 

¥ 

PEDIGREE LII 

ROBERT DE VERE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hugh de Vere, fourth Earl of Oxford, d, 1263, who had : 
Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, d, 1 296, who had : 
Joan de Vere, w. William de Warren, d. v. p. 1286, and had: 
Alice de Warren, m, Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., Elarl of Arundel, and had : 
Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d, 1375, who had : 
John Fitz-Alan, Lord Maltravers, second son, d. 1379, who had : 
John Fitz-Alan, eldest son, d. v. /., who had : 
Sir Thomas Fitz-Alan, younger son, d, 1485, who had : 
Eleanor Fitz-Alan, m. Sir Thomas Browne, and had : 
Sir George Browne, of Beechworth Castle, Surrey, second son, who had : 
Simon Browne, of Browne Hall, Lancastershire, who had : 
Thomas Browne, of Brandon, Suffolk, d, 1608, who had : 
Francis Browne, of Weybird Hall, Suffolk, d, 1626, who had : 
William Browne, b, 1608, who came to Salem, Mass., in 1635, and d. Jan. 

2$, 1687. Hew. first, Mary Youngs, d, 1635, and m, secondly, Sarah, dau. 

of Samuel Smith, of Yarmouth, Mass. Issue, 



•K- 



1 66 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



PEDIGREE LIII 

ROBERT DE VERE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Hugh de Vere, fourth Earl of Oxford, d, 1263, who had : 
Isabel de Vere, m, John de Courtenay, of Oakhampton, d, 1273, and had : 
Sir Hugh de Courtenay, of Oakhampton, first Baron, d, 1291, who had: 
Egelina Courtenay, m. Sir Robert, Baron Scales, K. B., d, 1322, and had : 
Robert de Scales, third Baron Scales, d, 1369, who had : 
Elizabeth Scales, m. Sir Roger Bigod de Felbrigge, of Norfolk, and had : 
Sir Simon de Felbrigge, K.G., of Colby, d, 1442-3, who had : 
Alan£ Felbrigge, m. Sir William Tyndale, of Dene, d, 1426, and had : 
Sir Thobias Tyndale, of Dene and Redenhall, Norfolk, who had : 
Sir William Tyndale, K.B., of Hockwold, Norfolk, d, 1496, who had: 
Sir John Tyndale, K.B., of Hockwold, Norfolk, d, 1539, who had : 
Sir Thomas Tyndale, of Hockwold, Norfolk, 1561, who had : 
Sir John Tyndale, D.C.L., of Great Maplestead, Essex, k, 161 6, who had : 
Margaret Tyndale, b, 1591, who m, April 24, 1618, as his third wife, John 

Winthrop, governor of Massachusetts Colony,- and, dying June 14, 1647, 

had issue by him. 



PEDIGREE LIV 

RICHARD DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m. Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m, Walter, high steward of Scotland, and had : 
Robert II., King of Scotland, who had : 
Robert III., King of Scotland, who had : 
James I., King of Scotland, who had : 
Jane Stuart, m, secondly, James, Earl of Morton, and had : 
John Douglas, second Earl of Morton, who had : 
Agnes Douglas, m. Alexander, Lord Livingston, and had : 
William Livingston, sixth Lord Livingston, d. 1 592, who had : 
Alexander Livingston, Earl of Unlithgow, d, 1622, who had : 
Anne Livingston, m. Sir Alexander Seton- Montgomery, and had : 
Hugh Montgomery, Earl of Eglington, d, 1669, who had : 
Alexander Montgomery, Earl of Eglington, d, 1701, who had: 
Alexander Montgomery, Earl of Eglington, d, 1 729, who had : 



w 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 67 

EuPHEMiA Montgomery, m, George Lockhart, of Camwarth, and had : 
George Lockhart, of Carnwarth, Lanark, who had : 
Gen. Count James Lock hart- Wish art, Kt., M.T., who had : 
Marianna Wishart, m, Anthony Aufr^re, of Hoverton Hall, and had : 
Louise Ann Matilda AufrIire, d. Feb. i6, 1868, who m. Dec. 8, i8i8, 
George Barclay, of New York City, 1790- 1869, a descendant of John 
Barclay, deputy governor of East (New) Jersey, d. 1731. Issue, 



PEDIGREE LV 

EUSTACE DE VESCI, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
William de Vesci, lord of Alnwick, d. 1253, who had : 
William de Vesci, of Alnwick, first Baron, d, 1 297, who had : 
Isabel de Vesci, m. William de Welles, of Alford, and had : 
Adam de Welles, first Baron, d. 131 1, who had : 
Sir Adam de Welles, third Baron, d. 1345, who had : 
John de Welles, fourth Baron, d, 1361, who had : 
John de Welles, fifth Baron, d. 1421, who had : 
Margery de Welles, m. Sir Stephen le Scrope, d, 1406, and had : 
Sir Henry le Scrope, of Masham, third Baron, ^. 141 5, who had : 
Joan le Scrope, m. Henry Fitz-Hugh, d, 1386, and had : 
Henry Fitz-Hugh, K.G., third Baron, d, 1424, who had : 
Sir William Fitz-Hugh, fourth Baron, d. 1452, who had : 
Henry Fitz-Hugh, fifth Baron, d, 1472, who had : 
Elizabeth Fitz-Hugh, m. Sir William Parr, K.G., and had : 
William, Lord Parr, of Horton, Northampton, d, 1546, who had : 
Elizabeth Parr, m. Sir Nicholas Woodhull, Knt., and had ; 
Fulke Woodhull, of Thenford, Northumberland, who had : 
Lawrence Woodhull, of Thenford, Northumberland, who had : 
Richard Woodhull, d, at Thenford, Sept. 13, 1620 ; came to America about 
1647, ^T^^ ii^ 1^5 purchased 108,000 acres on Long Island, now the site of 
Brookhaven ; d, 1690. Issue. 



i68 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



♦# 



Q 
(4 

:< 
> 

O 
Q 

Z 

o 

> 

< 

Q 

< 

b 
O 

O 

Q 

piH 

U^ 
K 
H 






£ a 2 • •• 




^ O c^ fl Q 

**^m ** 3 "* 




V V o B 



-25 •.. §13-3*3 



(4 

u 



H 

Q 

< 



•^ .-33 

Q S - 



csjsia 



S '^ S S 
hU M o u 



S 




s^&i 




u 

D 

o* 

M 
Q 

M 

(A 

< 



M 9 O 

> •« s 



9 



a it a 

^^ ^^ av 



M 

Q 

o 



•o 
g 



o ._ 

^ fl s 



• > 



DESCEl^ANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 69 



I 



A b 



^d1 



sf 













I; 



• o 



M 
Q 

Z 
O 



•T3 

.0 



8(2 



11 -§"3 

el i I :- 

69-3 "o 



«c r o 
«^« 

* Kg 



rr e St s •• 

< fe 2 
J -2 *-• S ta 

^ • c S, 5 

di c4 A cs 



Ta 



o 

c 

C8 






o 



^ 2 



D 






-JO'S 

w 

S ^ fl 

5 

pp 8 






S 

go 
SI'S 



o 

CA 



s 






13 



170 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



.b'S'2 



^1 



o 
to 



•J c 

S" « a 
g- 

H b V 

H .a 
as 

5 V u .. 



•* t: e 

M V V 

«!g3 

as - ^ 

S M M 



1^ 

i~ 

M 



Ot3 






X 



s 









CO 

« •• 

SI 

il 

o 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 17 1 



|| 

C H a 



s 

X 



< s 



H 

•J 
>• .. 

si 

«S 

J- 



hi 

M 



mm 



^11 

^•d o 












HI 

p "^ 41 
CO • "O 

H . ^ 

'-».-•' 2 



8^ 



o 

D 
PQ 






hPQ 



1^- 

^ 9 



to 






a ^o .. 

gnll 
3j .- 53 4^. 



•I 



" 2 •• 

gpq_g 

^•8 



•-»o 



31 



> 



PQ 



n 

c/3 



S — 

t: 

"I" 






U 
H 

n 
o 






^3l 



O 



a.t: 



SS&^ 



c/3 



^<: 



2-sJ 



172 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



«6.. 

< « « 

ill 

Si! 




o »o 

PQ 
u 9 ' 

°§| 

as • Sr 

o-gS 



M'O O 

PC 

as *1'3 

o u o 

X< 



9 

o 









H 









2*S 



• wo 

2 
a5«s^ 

CQ ftf O 



o C 



D 

pq 

H 

a 
•J 



;"sj 



•O 

5^3 




S o 






sl 



• f 

si's 

K Cu O 

< a<t 

w ^S 

CO « 



<• 6 a 



O ^ 
O w 



OS 



< 
H 

< •• 




A? 

« e " 

^9 



» o 




«^ 






O 


§ 






Sn 






>• 








H 


V 






C/5T3 








«rf 






M 


V 






a 


^ 

tc 






s 


ts 


• • 




< 
•J 


S 


-8 




ij 


• 

•A 


ja 






s 


•T3 

c 






W 


(« 




Qtf 


0\ 


A 






fO 


e 




(^ 


M 






>j^ 




•s 


o 


c 




^ 




o 




Mfl 






"53 


c« 






Q 


«k 


■** 




0tf 


c 

ft 


c 




O 


o 


VC 






• 


•* 

V 




13 








M 


^^ 




Q 

(A 

< 


• 


V 
-d 


• • 


O J* 


S' 


T3 


X 


S 

O 

u 

PQ 


6 < 


x: 


H 


o. 


T3 

s 


i« 


'mm 


TJ 




W 


M 


C 
ctf 




• 


> 








O 






X 

o 




S 




H-, 


£ 


•^ 

^ 




• 

H 
C/5 


1 


M 

1 




(^ 


PQ 


•2 




3 




O 

o 






o 

|5 




• • 




-2. 





DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 173 

1 "^fl ^ ^ —5 

i-s ^^ §1 g^ 

C^ W-- S*^ S-a 



Q * 



c 



X^ ^ u w 



O . .. O « O 

5 G ^6'g 2^ ^ 



S ;fs i J! 

•5 -Srv i^-o 




S \i^ 



CO v 



5 -Si's gJB S'S X 



ui% w-S «^;^ 56^ X 

^3 



PQ M'S S Pkc^ 



2.§ £.gg:^ ss^ c^l^ S 



W V » (^ _4 

B-sS .•§ 
o<2 m;s 



»74 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 




622 



SI'S 

00 Ad 



Q^ O 

H <3 

o *^ « ja 

S S^ S 






*^ p 

■J « «. 

^ t:'S 



n 



•J 



m o 



I 




^ 



is- 

« c 

M M «» 

? ^< 

us o 




li 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA 



II 



St3 



M V 

J-g.. 
^11 




iil 

« o w 



3^1 




"8 




4 

CO 



§ 



I 

•< 9 




1 



2^ 

.- S 

CO ,3 







2 

c 

M 






•J 

M ^ 



I 



176 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 




^ 9 



!5 



f« 







1^ ^ o •■ 



C/3 






**- •" c« 

^ » ^ • 
g 80 e 






85 i 









I? 
% 

fa «•« 



"Jobf 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 77 



•k I ak 

gC/3 



el M 



p< C In 

S 8 3 .. 
^•88 



In V C< 

6^ a 

c a 
S S o 

;sflQ 



tS o 






111 



at 73 " 







J 

> 



H 

Q 

Q 

s 



•> kM •• 








^ fl'g 

D2 



178 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 




a 



O fe 
O 



Q 
H 

X 
H 



H 
P< 
M 

m 
o 



•c 

S •-« V 

=1 



Hi's 

£ "J «- 

as ""J! 









M 

S3 « 

t3 - g 

US 

at* 
e< • h 



i 





1 


S.b 


• 


:3C/3 




^•8.. 


9.. 


Robert 
', dau. 
and had 


d'Uftc 
and had 


Sir 
Eleanoi 
Felton, 


Joan 
Bowet» 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHA:RTA BARONS 1 79 



•T3 






v^ 



{ 












c o 

en ^ M 



cn«g S6 {3°5 C.5J tS'O &°g 

|s| gQ ^<M a^ aS, a=s« 

ea Sfs-2 11a 8 6 I e^S llss i 



2 
M 



gOg.. qS-i ggg.. 3|.. 33-2 3|i25| e 

M III ml III III Mi I 



i8o 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 




pSwu 



-go 

8*3 

all 
2| 



G 
O 



c 
o 

c 



2 

o 
z 

Oh, 

s 
u 






c/3;:: 




>j 



c 

o 

H 
Z 

D 

H 
Q 

et 
H 



■8 

M 
O 



z 

H 
Z .. 

Si 

C/3 H 



H 

o 
z 

z 

D 

g-g 

8 - 

P< O 



f 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS l8l 



rsco 

i^ b 8 
ptf o 8 

;?s o 



Q 

H 
h 

H 

«^ 

Q 
o 

iJ ^ 






I'd 



n 

>« S M • •*> 

«*£ a So 



O 






Q M 

•J 
'I 




^ X fl 6 

o 2j a 

S|«sg 

3« Is. 



g^fi 





^8 



-d 
c 
o 

V M E 

« « m 






5-85^ 
§|85 

«< o 



t4 



8 2^-3 



I J 
Ill 

^ ^ a .. 

z>lSS 



1 82 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



1 



« »— -T 



H 










^ fl <^ 

C «« S o 







<^ 






"II 



8 O C 

o o 

•" d a 

2 .-fi 



Ed ^ «< 



• • 



^» o ** 

Muao 

o r'O'g 

§*••&. I 




;§ 



V2 



i'sl 

'I 
111 



o J,g 












3s a M 
X o s'O 



CO 



G 



"ill 



•• 



DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 1 83 



fC Jkoo 

M t) M 
U3 I 

»-^ 

^ S g 

* I 

sfi fl «3 •• 



^ 



•^ e C ^ 
M C 5 V 

So 'Z 

O ° O'TS 
H (^ rt 9 ^ 



o w tj 



O 'O 



'dtc 



I^J 



§8 
" S 

o § 



0^3 
O B c4 






a- 

C 

il 

X V 



It 
S o 

K 3 .. 



O e ^ 

20-S 



^1' 



S § c 

^ o •> 



4:^1 

o<ga 

a « o 

Q C« C« 







* . 



O fc< X 

111 



,3s 



e 

u* •-• "O 

a g - 



•^ SO 
rt w •• 

t> w O 



o 







<S 



(fi M 



w o 

-el 

S V. s 




3 



'% 



1 84 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



1 
I 

> 

CO 

O 

o 
> 

o 
> 

< 
< 



X 
H 



S So 
3 ^i 



M Olds 




9 M ^ 



o 






« a "^ 

a. JS**" »* 



s 



s* 






C4 









eo M 



^^ *« 



§11 



"< 

X 
H 

■< 



5 i; 



S 



^1 

M B 

e 



00 






a -5 >: o "d 

^ •> •« " ak 

.■^ o^ Ox .a 
U fOM^ d C 



S 



go^ 



H 

D 



ll 




so <*> J*. 
H ^ 

>*vo 3 e 
^ r^ O • 



(J 

9t 



Q 

"< 



o o^^ 

•^ a 

H M 



Wo 



ill 




DESCENDANTS OF MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



185 



3 











I Us 




13 



1 86 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



PEDIGREE LVI 

RICHARD D£ CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Gilbert de Clare, a Magna Charta Surety, who had : 
Isabel de Clare, m. Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d. 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m. Walter, lord high steward of Scotland, and had : 
Robert II., King of Scotland, who had : 
Robert III., King of Scotland, who had : 
James I. , King of Scotland, who had : 
James II., King of Scotland, who had : 
Mary Stuart, m, secondly, James, Lord Hamilton, and had : 
James Hamilton, first Earl of Arran, who had : 
James Hamilton, first Duke of Chatelherault, who had : 
Claud, Lord Hamilton, third son, d, 1621, who had : 
James Hamilton, first Earl of Abercom, who had : 
Sir George Hamilton, Bart., of Donalong, Tyrone, who had : 
Margaret Hamilton, m, Matthew Ford, M.P., d, 171 3, and had : 
Matthew Ford, M.P., of Seaford, County Down, d. 1729, who had : 
Standish Ford, fourth son, came to Philadelphia, Pa., in 1730, d, 1766. /ssu^. 



PEDIGREE LVII 

GILBERT DE CLARE, a Magna Charta Surety, had : 
Isabel de Clare, m, Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, d. 1295, and had : 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, who had : 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, who had : 
Margery Bruce, m, Walter, lord high steward of Scotland, and had : 
Robert I., King of Scotland, who had : 

Catherine Stuart, m. Sir David Lindsay, Earl of Crawford, and had : 
Marjory Lindsay, m. Sir William Douglas, laird of Lochlevan, and had : 
Sir Henry Douglas, laird of Lochlevan and Lugton, 1421, who had: 
Robert Douglas, laird of Lochlevan and Kincross, k, 1513, who had : 
Sir Robert Douglas, laird of Lochlevan, who had : 
Thomas Douglas, only son, d, v, /., who had : 

Elizabeth Douglas, m, Alexander Alexander, of Menstrie, ^/. 1 515, and had : 
Andrew Alexander, laird of Menstrie, 1545, eldest son, who had : 
Alexander Alexander, laird of Menstrie, d, 1 594, who had : 
William Alexander, Bart., first Earl of Sterling, 1633, d. 1640, who had: 
John Alexander, fourth son, of Stafford County, Va., 1659, d. 1677. Issue, 



(3enealodie0 of founbers an^ flQeml>er0 

of 

Zhc ®rt)er of 'Runneme^e 

&e0cenoant0 of 

^be Suretice for tbe fllaona Cbarta 



THE PEDIGREE OF CHARI 



wniuuB 

d« Lanvalld-- OMffrey d« Smyr WlllUm Malet-- 



HawUe de Lanvallcij WiUUmdeSayj- 



Hdewise Malet-- John Piti-Robert-- 



John d« Burgh' 



— Wilt 



r 



WIIIUuB de 



r 



uun de Say— John de Mi»cegro«<i^ Roger Fitz*John-> 



Margaret de Burgh— Lady de Say— Robert de Moaoegrot— Robert Flti-Roger— 

1 ' I ■ ' I I ' 

John d« Burgh— John de Sndley— Hawyte de Muscegro*— Euphemia Fiti- Roger— 

Waiiam de Burgh— Joan de Sadley-p 

iia£eA~ 



Robert 
deR 



WIIIUUB 



d'AIMnl— 



WiUiam 
deR( 



& 



Wmiam 



d'Albini— 



Robert de Ferrer*— Ralph de Nevill— Ro'bert de Ro^lMibel d'AlUni. 



Elii 



Philippa Planugenet— 

I 

EUiabeth de Mortimer-- 



de Burgh'-- Elisabeth Bolder— Robert de Ferxera. John de NerillY 

I -. . I 



W 



ilUam 



J 
deRos— 



Robert de Fetrera— Ralph de Nevill— 



i-Ra[ 



Alice de Roa— 



MAry de Ferr«rs-Ralph de NeviU. Elisabeth de MdnUl— 



Roger d* 

Roger d4 

Joon di 

J(HUld< 

Jolindf 

Jane dt 

Thom 



John de Nevill-- 



Henry Percy-?- 

Henry Percy— William Gascoigne-^Joan de Ncvill. 



Philip d'Arcy-EIizabeth de Grey. Hem 

I ' I 

John d'ArqrrMargaret de Grey. 



Margaret Perc3r— WiUiam Gascolgne. 



Ph 
Mai£ 

Elean 



1 

Dorothy 

A lice II 

Dorotfay 1 

Edw 
of We 



EHiabrth 

GabrfdThni 
of EUiagtoo, Hi 

RobcnThro 
of 



JohaThra 
of 

Gabriel Thro 
of Gloooeater Co., Va., i 

MordecaiThro 
of King and Queen Co., Va., x 

Thomaa Thro 
of Frederick Co., Va., and Nicholas Co., Ky.. i 

MordecaiThro 
of Loudon Co., Va., i 

* Col. John Aria Thro 

of Cnlpepcr Co., Va., t 

Major Charles B. Thro 
U. S. Army, retired, of New YofkQty; ^. Ma; 

Charles WidcUfle Thi 



ICKLIFFE THROCKMORTON. 



Rog er Bigod"- 
Hn gh BIgod— 

Ralph Bigod-- 



8ftherde_QnlDoeyj Eust ace da V— d— 

Robert de Quincey-- Robert de VeroT" Henry de Bohun-- William de Vead^ 

I I I ' I ' 

laabd Bigod-- Richard de ClarOT' Margaret de Quincey Hugh de VercT- Hamphrey de Bohun— William de Vesci^ 



I I 

John FHx-John<7 Qltbert de Clare 



m. 
John de Lack 



-- Maud Flti-John- " Richard de QareyMaud de Lade. 
^ laaoel de Beauchamp-- Gilbert de Qare— 



r- Maud de Chaworth^ M argaret de aare=| - RichardFitx-AIan— 

I I I 

"■Joan Plantagenet. Margaret d'Audley-- Mary Fitx-Alan-p 



Robert de Vere-- Humphrey de Bohun-- Isabd de Veaci-- 

I 1 I 

Joan de VercT- Humphrey de Bohun— Adam de Well 



Alice de Warren— Humphrey de Bohun— Adam de Wdlet^ 



Alianore de Bohun— John de Welle*— 



Petronella But! 



I I J 

Hugh de StafTord- Ankaret Le Strange— Richard de Talbot. 



John de WeU 



Margery de Well 



Margaret de Stafford— John de Talbot- 



Henry le Scrope— 



-Alice de Nevflle. 



Thomas de Talbot— Henry Fitz>Hugh— Joan le Scrope. 



Elizabeth de Talbot. 



Henry Fitx-Hugh— 



Eleanor Fits-Hugh. 
^John Conyen. 
YTho maa Maikenfield. 
pNyan Maikenfield. 

pRobert MauIeTerer, of Wothersome, Yorkshire. 
pjohn Kaye, of Woodersome. 
Tirwfaitt. 



pAnna 



-John Pickering, of Techmersh, Nrathampton. 
-Robert Throdcmorton, of Ellington, Huntingdon. 
-Alice Bedles. 

-Judith Bronuall. 

■(Name unknown.) 

-IVancea Cooke. 



-MaryReade. 



-Mary Hooe (second wife). 

■Sarah McCarty Hooe (second wife). 



•Mary Bamca Tutt. 



.FaimyHaUWickliffe. 



of New Yoric City. 



w 




niembete of tbe <S)rbet of IRunnemebe 

Charles Wickliffc Throckmorton 

ESCENT from the Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta : 

William d'Albini, William de Lanvallei, 

Hugh Bigod, William de Malet, 

Roger Bigod, William de Mowbray. 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Ros, 

Richard de Clare, Geoffrey de Say, 

John Fitz-Robert, Robert de Vere, 

John de Lacie, Eustace de Vesci. 

I- ^Robert &C IROBf lord of Furfan and of Hamelake and 
Werke Castles, one of the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta, d. a Knight Templar, in 1227. He m. Lady 
Isabel, a daughter of King William the Lion, of Scotland, 
and had : 

2. William de Ros, lord of Hamelake, who was engaged 
with his father in the baronial wars, and was taken prisoner 
at the battle of Lincoln; d. 1258. He m. Lucia, daughter 
of Reginald Fitz-Piers, of Blewleveny, Wales, and had : 

3. Robert de Ros, lord of Hamelake and Belvoir Castles, 

d. 1285. He m, 1244, Lady Isabel, daughter and heiress of 

William d'Albini, lord of Belvoir, d. 1285, son of TIQlilHant 

^'Hlbinit one of the Sureties for the observance of the 

Magna Charta, and had : 

189 



I90 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

4. William de Ros, lord of Hamelake, one of the com- 
petitors for the crown of Scotland, rfl 1316. He m. Lady 
Maud, daughter of John de Vaux, of Feston and Boston, 
County Lincoln, and had : 

5. Lady Alice de Ros, who m. Nicholas de Meinill, of 
Wherlton, Yorkshire, d. 1342, and had : 

6. Lady Elizabeth de Meinill, d. 1 369, who m. first, Sir 
John d'Arcy, second Baron d'Arcy, 6. 131 7, one of the heroes 
of Cressy, constable of the Tower of London, d. 1356, and 
had: 

7. Sir Philip d'Arcy, fourth Baron, second son, admiral 
of the Royal Navy, d. 1398. He m. Lady Elizabeth de 
Grey, whose descent was as follows : 

William &C flDOWbra^, one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, a brother of Roger de Mowbray, also one of 
the Magna Charta Sureties, m. Lady Agnes, daughter of 
William d' Albini, second Earl of Arundel and Sussex, whose 
mother was Adeliza of Lorraine, Queen Dowager of England, 
the second wife and widow of King Henry I., and, dying in 
1222, had issue: 

Roger de Mowbray, second son, who took part in the 
Scotch wars of Henry III., and, dying in 1266, had issue by 
his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 
of Bedford : 

Roger de Mowbray, eldest son, who served in the wars 
of Wales and Gascony, and was the first of this family 
summoned to Parliament as Baron Mowbray of Axholme, 
writ dated June 23, 1295. He m. Lady Rose, "a de- 
scendant of the Earl of Hertford," and, dying in 1298, had 
issue : 

John de Mowbray, second Baron. In 6 Edward II. he 
was sheriff of Yorkshire and governor of the city of York, 
and was constituted one of the wardens of the marches ad- 
joining the kingdom. But, subsequendy taking a prominent 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 191 

part in the insurrection of the Earl of Lancaster, and being 
captured at the battle of Boroughbridge, he was hanged at 
York in 1321, and his family imprisoned for a time in the 
Tower of London. He m. Lady Alice, daughter of William 
de Braose, of Cjower, and had : 

John de Mowbray, third Baron, d. 1361. He was a 
favorite of Edward III., and attended the king through his 
memorable French campaigns. He m. Lady Joan Plantage- 
net, daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (a grandson of 
Henry III., King of England), and his wife, Lady Maud, 
daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, by his wife. Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William de Beauchamp, a descendant of Henry 
I., King of France, created Earl of Warwick, d. 1 298, and 
his wife. Lady Maud, widow of Gerard de Furnival, of Shef- 
field, and daughter of John Fitz-John, justiciary of Ireland, 
1258, the eldest son of John Fitz-Geoffrey, justiciary of Ire- 
land, 1 246 (son of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, Earl of Essex, jus- 
ticiary of England), and his wife, Lady Isabel, daughter of 

Sir Ralph, third son of liUfib 36iflO&t ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sureties 
for the observance of the Magna Charta, second Earl of 
Norfolk (and his wife. Lady Maud Marshall, sister of Wil- 
liam Marshall, Jr., one of the Magna Charta Sureties, and 
daughter of William, Earl of Pembroke, the adviser of 

King John), son of *KO0Cr 36ifiO&t ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for 
the observance of the Magna Charta, Earl of Norfolk and 
lord high steward of England. Baron de Mowbray and 
Lady Joan had : 

John de Mowbray, fourth Baron, who was a crusader, 
and was killed in a conflict with the Turks in 1368. He 
m. Lady Elizabeth, only daughter and heiress of John, 
Baron de Segrave, d. s,p. m. 1353, and his wife Margaret, 
Duchess of Norfolk, d. 1399, daughter and eventually sole 
heiress of Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, earl 
marshal of England, son of Edward I., King of England, 



192 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

and his second wife, Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip 
III., King of France. Baron de Mowbray and Lady Eliza- 
beth had : 

Lady Jane de Mowbray, who m. Sir Thomas de Grey, 
of Berwyke, constable of Norham Castle, 1390, and 
had: 

Sir Thomas de Grey, of Heton, second son, who was 
beheaded for political reasons August 5, 141 5. He m. Lady 
Alice, daughter of Ralph Nevill, K.G., of Raby, created, in 
1399, Earl of Westmoreland and earl marshal of England 
for life, d, 1425, and his first wife. Lady Margaret, daughter 
of Hugh, K.G., second Earl of Stafford, d. 1386 (and his 
wife. Lady Philippa de Beauchamp), son of Ralph, K.G., 
Earl of Stafford, one of the original members of the order 
of Knights of the Garter, d, 1372, and his wife. Lady Mar- 
garet, daughter of Hugh, second Baron d'Audley, created, 
1337,- Earl of Gloucester, d. 1347-9, by his wife. Lady Mar- 
garet, widow of Piers de Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall, be- 
headed in 1 2 10, and daughter of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of 
Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1295, and his second wife. Prin- 
cess Joan d*Acre, d. 1305, daughter of Edward I., King of 
England, and his first wife. Princess Eleanor, daughter of 
Ferdinand III., King of Castile and Leon. 

Gilbert de Clare was the son of Richard, Earl of Hertford 
and Gloucester, fl^. 1262 (by his second wife. Lady Maud, 
daughter of Joblt &C HdCiCt o^^ of the Sureties for the 
observance of the Magna Charta, Earl of Lincoln, and his 
second wife, Lady Margaret, daughter of Robert, d. v. /., 
eldest son of Sftbcr ^C (SlUittCCl^t ^^^ ^^ ^^^ Sureties for the 
observance of the Magna Charta), son of (BilbCtt &C ClSrCf 
Earl of Hertford, one of the Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta (and his wife. Lady Isabel Marshall, 
daughter of William, Earl of Pembroke, Protector of Eng- 
land, and sister of William Marshall, Jr., a Surety for the 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 1 93 

observance of the Magna Charta), son of 1?icbftr^ ^C 
ClSrCt o^^ of the Sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta. 

Sir Thomas de Grey and Lady Alice de Nevill aforesaid 
had Lady Elizabeth, who m. Sir Philip, Baron d'Arcy, and 
had : 

8. John d'Arcy, fifth Baron, ^. 1 377, a^. 141 1 , fw. Lady Mar- 
garet, d. 1 44- daughter of Sir Henry, fifth Baron de Grey, 
of Wilton, d. 1394, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas, Lord Talbot, d. v. p, in France, 145-, eldest son 
by his first wife. Lady Maud Nevill,* of the celebrated gen- 
eral, John de Talbot, K.G., Lord of Furnival, created, in 1448, 
Earl of Shrewsbury, lord lieutenant and lord chancellor 
of Ireland, Earl of Waterford and Wexford, in the peerage 
of Ireland, k. in France, 1453, aged eighty years. He was 
the second son of Sir Richard, fourth Baron Talbot, of 
Goodrich Casde, and his wife. Lady Ankaret, daughter of 
John, fourth Baron le Strange, of Blackmere, d. 1361, and 
his wife. Lady Mary, daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., 
Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d. 1375, and his second wife. 
Lady Eleanor Plantagenet.f Sir Richard was the son of 
Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., eighth Earl of Arundel, beheaded 
1326, and his wife, Lady Alice, daughter of William de War- 
ren, d. December 15, 1285, ^tnd his wife. Lady Joan, daugh- 

* Lady Maud was the daughter of Thomas Nevill, third Baron de Furnival, 
d. 1406, and his wife Joan, only child of William de Furnival, d, 1383, son of 
Thomas, d, 1339, son of Thomas, d. 1332, son of Gerard de Furnival, d, 1280, 
and his wife Maud, daughter of John Fitz-John, justiciary of Ireland, 1258, 
aforesaid, a descendant of IROQCt J3i0Od and fiU0b J3i0Od» both Sureties for 
the Magna Charta. 

f Lady Eleanor was the daughter of Henry Plantagenet, third Earl of Lan- 
caster, d, 1345, and his wife Maud, b. 1280, daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, 
b. 1253, d, s, p, m. 1282, by his wife, Isabel de Beauchamp, aforesaid, a de- 
scendant of 'Ko^et J3t0Od and fiugb 3Bi0Od, both Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 



194 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

ter of Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford and sixth great 
chamberlain, son of Hugh, Earl of Oxford and great cham- 
berlain, d. 1263,* the son of l?Ol>Crt bC IDcrC, Earl of Ox- 
ford and great chamberlain, one of the Sureties for the 
observance of the Magna Charta. 

Sir Richard, Baron Talbot, aforesaid, was the son of Gil- 
bert, third Baron Talbot, of Goodrich Casde, 1 332-1 387, by 
his first wife, Lady Petronella, daughter of James Butler, 
second Earl of Carrick, created, in 1 328, Earl of Ormond, sev- 
enth Lord Buder of Ireland,-}- and his wife. Lady Alianore, 
sister of three Earls of Hertford and of William, Earl of 
Northampton, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, fourth 
Earl of Hertford and Essex, lord high constable of Eng- 
land, k. 1321 (and his wife, Princess Elizabeth, widow of 
John de Vere and daughter of Edward I., King of Eng- 
land, and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile), son of Hum- 
phrey, Earl of Hertford and Essex, d. 1297, son of Hum- 
phrey, d. V. /?., eldest son of Humphrey, Earl of Hertford 
and Essex, d. 1274, the son of Hcitrp &C SSObUttt one of 
the Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta, by 
his wife. Lady Maud, a sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 
one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

John, fifth Baron d*Arcy, and Lady Margaret, had : 
9. Philip d'Arcy, sixth Baron, d. 1418, fw. Lady Eleanor, 
daughter of Henry, fourth Baron Fitz-Hugh (by his wife 
Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Grey, Knt.), 
son of Henry, third Baron Fitz-Hugh, and his wife. Lady 
Joan, daughter of Henry, third Baron Scrope, of Masham, 

* His wife was Lady Hawyse, daughter of SatCt dC (SlUincC)?, a Surety for 
the Magna Charta. 

f He was the son of Theobald, fourth Lord Butler of Ireland, d. 1285, and 
his wife Joan, daughter of John Fitz-Geoffrey, justiciary of Ireland, 1246, and 
his wife, Isabel Bigod, a descendant of 'KodCT J3i0Od and Hugb JBfgo^, both 
Sureties for the Magna Charta. 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 1 95 

son of Sir Stephen le Scrope, second Baron, and his wife Mar- 
gery, daughter of John, fifth Baron de Welles,* d. 142 1, 
son of John, fourth Baron, d. I36i,f son of Sir Adam, third 
Baron, d. 1345, son of Adam, second Baron, d. 131 1, son 
of William, Baron de Welles, of Alford, in Lincolnshire, 
and his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of William, d. 1297, 
second son of William, d. 1253 (and his second wife, Agnes, 
daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby), the eldest 
son of £U0tSCC &C lDC0Cit o^^ of the Sureties for the 
observance of the Magna Charta. 

Philip, sixth Baron d'Arcy, and Lady Eleanor had : 
ID. Lady Margery d'Arcy, m. Sir John Conyers, K.G., 
and had : 

1 1. Lady Eleanor Conyers, m. Sir Thomas Markenfield, 
of Markenfield, will dated April 8, 1497, and had : 

12. Sir Nyan Markenfield, m, Dorothy, daughter of Sir 
William Gascoigne, d. March 4, i486, seized of the manors 
of Whalten, County Notts, and Bentley, County York, 
and his wife. Lady Margaret Percy. He was the son of 
Sir William Gascoigne, d. before 1463-4, and Lady Joan, 
daughter and heiress of John, Nevill, of Oversley, lord of 
Wymesley, who was the son of Ralph Nevill (and Margery, 

* His wife was Lady Margaret (or Eleanor), daughter of John, fourth Baron 
de Mowbray, k, 1368, aforesaid, a descendant of TKIlilliam ^C lllowbtas, 
'KOder J3i0Od, and liU0b JSigOO, Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

f John, fourth Baron de Welles, m, Maud, daughter of William, Baron Ros, 
of Hamelake, and his wife, Margaret Badlesmere, son of William, second 
Baron, d. 131 7, son of Robert de Ros, of Hamelake, and his wife, Isabel 
d'Albini, descendants of I^Obcrt be 1^06, or 1^000, and TPSlilUam b'BIbtnt, 
Sureties for the Magna Charta. Lady Margaret Badlesmere was the daughter 
of Bartholomew, Baron Badlesmere, of Leeds Castle, and his wife Margaret, 
daughter of Thomas, son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester (and his wife 
Maud, daughter of 3obn ^ XftCiC, a Magna Charta Surety, by Margaret, 
granddaughter of Saicr "^Z (SlUincC)?, a Magna Charta Surety) the son of 
Gilbert be Clare, son of I^Cbatb be Clate, both Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 



196 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

daughter of Sir Robert, second Baron Ferrers, of Wemme), 
the son of Ralph, fourth Baron Nevill, of Raby, K.G., Earl 
of Westmoreland, member of the privy council of King 
Richard II., earl marshal of England (and his first wife, 
Lady Margaret Stafford,* daughter of Hugh, Earl of Staf- 
ford, K.G.), the son of Sir John, third Baron de Nevill, of 
Raby, K.G., constituted admiral of the king's fleet, d. Octo- 
ber 17, 1385, the son of Ralph de Nevill, second Baron, d. 
1367, son of Ralph, Baron de Nevill, of Raby, and his first 
wife. Lady Euphemia, sister of John de Clavering, and 
daughter of Robert Fitz-Roger, son of Roger Fitz-John, the 
son of 3obn fltS^'RObertt one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta. 

Sir Robert Ferrers, aforesaid, second Baron Ferrers, of 
Wemme, m. Lady Joan, daughter of John of Gaunt, Earl 
of Lancaster, son of Edward III., King of England. He 
was the son of Sir Robert, first Baron Ferrers, of Wemme, 
d. 1410 (by his wife, Lady Elizabeth, only daughter and 
heiress of William, third Baron Boteler), the son of Robert, 
second Baron Ferrers, of Chartley, d. i350,t son of John, 
first Baron Ferrers, of Chartley, seneschal of Aquitaine, d. 
1324,1 by his wife. Lady Hawyse, daughter and heiress 
of Sir Robert de Muscegros, of Charlton, County Somerset, 
son of John de Muscegros, of Charlton, d, 3 Edward I., son 
of Sir Robert de Muscegros, lord of Berwain and Norton, 
38 Henry III., and his wife, Lady Helewise, daughter of 

* Lady Margaret Stafford was descended from the Magna Charta Sureties 

Saier dc (ftuinceis, 3obn de Xacie, Gilbert be Clare, l^o^t JBigoOr 'Rtcbard 
De Clate, and liu0b 3Bi0ob* 

f His wife was Lady Agnes, d. v. /., daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 
Earl of Hereford and Essex, k, 1321, a descendant of fietttlS be JBobUtt, a 
Magna Charta Surety. 

J He was the only son of Robert de Ferrers, eighth and last Earl of Derby, 
d, 1279, son of William, seventh Earl, k, 1254, and his wife Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Roger, son of Saiet be (ftuf tice)?, a Magna- Charta Surety. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 197 

UmilHsnt (llSlCtt one of the Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta. 

William, third Baron Boteler, of Wemme, aforesaid, d. 
1369, m. Lady Joan, daughter of John, Baron de Sudley, 
son of John, Baron de Sudley, lord chamberlain to King 
Edward L, d. 1336, and his wife, a daughter of William, 
Lord Say, d. 1 295, who was the son of William de Say, gov- 
ernor of the Casde of Rochester, d. 1272, the son of (5C0f^ 
ttC^ be SA^t oi^G of the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta. 

Lady Margaret, wife of Sir William Gascoigne aforesaid, 
was the daughter of Henry de Percy, third Earl of North- 
umberland, the son of Henry, second Earl,* the son of 
Sir Henry Percy, the celebrated " Hotspur," killed at the 
battle of Shrewsbury, i403,t and his wife, Lady Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Edmund de Mortimer, third Earl of 
March, d. 1381,^ and his wife. Lady Philippa, only child 
of Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence (son of Edward 
III., King of England), and his wife. Lady Elizabeth, 
daughter of William de Burgh, third Earl of Ulster, who 



* His wife was Eleanor, daughter of Ralph de Nevill, first Earl of West- 
moreland, and his second wife, Joan de Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, 
son of Edward III., King of England. 

f He was the son of Sir Henry Percy, of Alnwick, first Earl of Northumber- 
land (and his wife Margaret, daughter of Ralph Nevill, of Raby, and Margaret, 
daughter of Hugh, Earl of Stafford, a descendant of ^obtt bC Xacie, Safet 
Oe (Slttfncei^t and Jobn 9it>'RoK>ett, Sureties for the Magna Charta), son 
of Henry, third Baron Percy, and Mary Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, Earl 
of Lancaster (a grandson of Henry HI.), and Maud de Chaworth, aforesaid, 
a descendant of 1IU0b MQOD and 'ROfiCt J8fdOO» Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 

I Edmund, Elarl of March, was the son of Earl Roger, son of Sir Edmund, 
Baron de Mortimer, d, 1331, and Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew de 
Badlesmere and his wife, Margaret de Clare, aforesaid, a descendant of "Kicb* 

arb be Clare, 5obn be Xacie, 0ilbect be Clare, and Safer be Qufncet^, 

Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



198 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

was murdered June 6, 131 3, the son of John de Burgh,* 
son of Richard de Burgh, second Earl of Ulster, d. 1326, 
and his wife, Lady Margaret, daughter of John de Burgh, 
Baron of Lanvallei, the son of John de Burgh and his 
wife. Lady Hawise, daughter of MilHam ^e ILanvallCft 
one of the sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta. 
Sir Nyan Markenfield and Lady Dorothy had : 

1 3. Alice Markenfield, who m. October 16, 1 524, Robert 
Mauleverer, of Wothersome, Yorkshire, son of Sir William 
Mauleverer, Knight, of Wothersome and Arncliffe,f and his 
wife, m. 1492, Jane, daughter of Sir John Conyers, Knight, 
of Sockburn, and had : 

14. Dorothy Mauleverer, m. 1 542, John Kaye, of Wood- 
ersome, Yorkshire, and had : 

15. Edward Kaye, of Woodersome, Yorkshire, who m. 
Anna, daughter of Robert Tirwhitt, of Ketelby, in County 
Lincoln, and had : 

16. Lucia Kaye, m. John Pickering, of Techmersh, in 
Northamptonshire, and had : 

* His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, Elarl of Hertford 
and Gloucester (and his wife Joan, daughter of King Edward I.), son of Earl 
Richard (and his wife Maud, daughter of ^Obtt dC XaciC, and a descendant 
of Saier de (ftUinCO?, Sureties for the Magna Charta), son of 0ilbect Oe CUre, 
son of 'KiCbatd dC Clare, both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

f He was the son of Robert Mauleverer, d, 1495, son of Edmund, of 
Wothersome, and Eleanor, daughter of Sir James Strangeways, sheriff of York- 
shire, 1446 and 1469, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Philip, sixth Baron 
d*Arcy, and his wife, Eleanor Fitz-Hugh, aforesaid, descendants of TRIlflUain 

b'BU>inf, 'RoK>ett de 'Kood, 0ilbect de Clare, 5obn de Xacie, mcbard de 
Clare, Saiet dc (ftufncei^, 5obn VitS'^'Kobert, £udtace de Veaci, TRMU 
liam de fflowbtas, l^obert de Vere, lienns de JBobun, Voder JSigod, 

and llU0b J3i0Od, all Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Edmund Mauleverer was the son of Sir William, of Wothersome, temp. 
141 8, and his wife Joan, daughter of Sir John Colville by his wife Alice, 
daughter of John, Baron d'Arcy, and Elizabeth Meinill, aforesaid, descended 
from TKAilliam d'Blbini and 'Robert de 1^000, Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 199 

17. Elizabeth Pickering, m. Robert Throckmorton, of 
Ellington, Huntingdonshire, 161 3, who was the son of 
Gabriel Throckmorton, of Ellington (and his wife Emma, 
jk daughter of John Lawrence, of Ramsays, Huntingdonshire), 

the son of Sir Richard Throckmorton, Knight, of Higham 
Ferrars, Northamptonshire, seneschal of the duchy of Lan- 
cashire, and his wife Jane, daughter of Humphrey Beaufo 
de Bereford, County Warwick, the son of Sir Robert 
Throckmorton, lord of Coughton, Warwickshire, and Wes- 
ton Underwood, County Bucks, privy counsellor to Henry 
VII., commander in the king's army at the battle of Stoke, 
Knight of Bath, 10 Henry VII., will dated 1518, and his wife 
Catharine, daughter of Sir William Marrow, lord mayor of 
London. He was the son of Sir Thomas Throckmorton, 
lord of Throckmorton, County Worcester, and Coughton, 
County Warwick, sheriff of Warwick and Leicester, knight 
of the shire for County Worcester, 1447, d. 1472, aged 
sixty, buried at Fladbury (and his wife, m. 1446, Margaret, 
daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Olney, Knight, of Wes- 
ton Underwood, County Bucks, by Goditha, his wife, daugh- 
ter and coheiress of William Bosum), the son of Sir John 
Throckmorton, Knight, lord of Throckmorton and Coughton, 
under treasurer of England, knight of the shire for County 
Worcester, 2 and 8 Henry V. and i Henry VI., privy coun- 
sellor to Henry V., died April 13, 1446, will dated April 
12, 23 Henry VI., buried at Fladbury, County Worcester, 
and his wife Eleanor, m. 1409, a daughter and coheiress of 
Sir Guy de la Spine, of Coughton, Warwick, by the heiress 
of Wyke. He was the son of Sir Thomas Throckmorton, 
Knight, lord of Throckmorton, 17 Richard II., constable of 
Elmley Castle, 6 Henry IV., knight of the shire, 3 Henry 
IV., escheator of Worcestershire, 3 Henry IV., d. about 
1408, buried at Fladbury, and his wife, m. 1392, Agnes, 
daughter of Sir Alexander Besford, Knight, of County 



200 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Worcester. He was the son of John Throckmorton, lord 
of Throckmorton, 1 3 Edward III., m. Anne, daughter and 
heiress of Sir Richard Abberbury, of Doddington, County 
Oxon. He was descended from John de Throckmorton, 
lord of Throckmorton, temp. 1 1 30. 

Robert Throckmorton and Elizabeth Pickering had : 

18. Gabriel Throckmorton, of Ellington, b. 1586, m. 
Alice, daughter and heiress of William Bedles, of Bedford- 
shire, and had : 

19. Robert Throckmorton, of Ellington, b. 1608, d. 1662, 
will dated September 14, 1657, proved at London, June 21, 
1664, m. Judith Bromsall, and had : 

20. John Throckmorton, of Ellington, b. 1633, d. 1678, 
who had : 

21. Gabriel Throckmorton, of Ware Parish, Gloucester 
County, Virginia, second son, living in Virginia 1684, aged 
about nineteen ; inherited by the will of his brother Robert 
Throckmorton, of Peyton Pawa, County Huntingdon, dated 
March i, 1698, proved May 3, 1699, his plantation and 
effects in New Kent County, Virginia, presiding justice of 
Gloucester County, d. January, 1737, nt. 1690, Frances, 
daughter of Mordecai Cooke, of Ware Parish, Gloucester 
County, and had : 

22. Mordecai Throckmorton, of Gloucester and King and 
Queen Counties, Virginia, captain of militia, sheriff of King 
and Queen County, 1740 ; b. about 1696, d. 1767 ; m. Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Reade, of Ware Parish (and his wife, 
Lucy Gwyn), son of Colonel George Reade (came to Vir- 
ginia in 1637; w^s burgess for James City County, 1649, 
and for Gloucester County in December, 1656; secretary 
of state pro tent., 1640; member of the council, March 13, 
1657-8, and April 3, 1658, holding office until his death, 
1 671; will probated November 20, 1671), and his wife 
Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Nicholas Martian, of York, 





HARLeS WICKLIKKE THROCKMORTON. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 20I 

Virginia. His father was Robert Reade, of Linkenhot, 
Hampshire, will dated December lo, 1626, who m. Mildred 
(third wife), daughter of Sir Thomas Windebank, of Haines 
Hill, parish of Hurst, Berkshire, clerk of the signet to Eliza- 
beth and James, d. October 24, 1607, and his wife Frances, 
a daughter of Sir Edward Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, Lincoln- 
shire, hereditary champion of England, sheriff of Lincoln, 
officiated as champion at the coronations of Edward VI., 
Queen Mary, and Queen Elizabeth,* by his wife Anne, 
daughter of Sir George Talboys, heir of Gilbert, Lord Tal- 
boys, of Kyme, d. i566.f 

Captain Mordecai Throckmorton and Mary Reade had : 
23. Thomas Throckmorton, of Frederick County, Virginia, 
and Nicholas County, Kentucky, b. 1739, d. April 27, 1826; 
justice of Frederick County, Virginia, as late as 1790; 
member Kentucky House of Representatives from Nicholas 
County; State Senate, 1811-15, 1820-21 ; m. (second wife) 

* He was the son of Sir Robert Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, king's treasurer, 
and sheriff of Lincolnshire, champion at the coronations of Richard III., 
Henry VII., and Henry VIII., d, 1544, son of Sir Thomas Dymoke, beheaded 
temp, Edward IV., and his wife Margaret, daughter of Sir Lionel, Baron de 
Welles, k. 1 46 1, a descendant of 'Ko&ert ^e l^OOS, HQlilUam ^'Blbitti, BuBp 
tace De IDCBCit and HQlilUam De CllOWbtai^t Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

f His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Sir V^lliam Gascoigne and Margaret, 
daughter of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, and descended from 

miilUam De lanvalleit 5obn Vits^'KoDert, Gilbert De Claret 'KicbatD De 
Clare, ?obn De lacie, Saier De (Attinceis, ^zoUxcft De Sn^ HQlilUam 

flOalett I^O^er JSidODt and Mudb JSidOD, Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

He was the son of Sir Robert Talboys and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir John Heron, of Wetmore, d. 1425, and Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Heron, of Ford, by Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Ogle, Sheriff of Northumber- 
land, d, 1437, and Maud, daughter of Sir Thomas Grey, of Heton, and his 
wife Alice, daughter of Ralph Nevill, first Earl of Westmoreland, a descendant 
of 5obn Vit^'Kobertt a Magna Charta Surety. 

Sir Thomas Grey was the son of Sir Thomas Grey, of Berwick, and Jane, 
daughter of John, fourth Baron de Mowbray, a descendant of HQliUiam De 
CllOWbrai^, a Magna Charta Surety. 

14 



202 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Mary, daughter of John Hooe, of Virginia, and Anne Fowke, 
and had by her : 

24. MoRDECAi Throckmorton, of " Meadow Farm," Lou- 
don County, Virginia, b. March 10, 1777, d. April 7, 1838. 
He m. first, Mildred, daughter of Warner Washington and 
Hannah Fairfax, and m. secondly, February 6, 18 12, Sarah 
McCarty, a daughter of Bernard Hooe, of Prince William 
County, Virginia; will probated. Prince William County, 
May 7, 1 8 10, and his wife, Mary Symes, daughter of Colonel 
Richard Chichester, of Fairfax County, Virginia ; county 
lieutenant of Fairfax County ; will probated, Fairfax County, 
1 796 ; nt. 1 766, Sarah, daughter of Colonel Daniel McCarty, 
of Fairfax County; will probated, Fairfax County, 1792; 
m. 1 748, Sinah, daughter of Major James Ball, of " Bewd- 
ley," Lancaster County, Virginia, b. 1678, d. October 13, 
1754 ; will dated July 15, 1754, probated, Lancaster County, 
November 15, 1754; m. April 16, 1707, Mary, daughter of 
Edmund Conway (and relict of John Dangerfield), d. Jan- 
uary, 1698 ; will probated, Richmond County, Virginia, Sep- 
tember 7, 1698; nt. Sarah, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Henry Fleet, of Maryland and Virginia.* 

Mordecai Throckmorton and Sarah McCarty Hooe had : 

25. Colonel John Aris Throckmorton, of Loudon and 
Culpeper Counties, b. March 3, 181 5, at "Meadow Farm;" 
colonel of militia ; major Sixth Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A. ; 
took part in thirty-four battles and many skirmishes ; d. 
May 28, 1 89 1 ; m. March 13, 1839, Mary Barnes, daughter 
of Colonel Charles Pendleton Tutt, of Loudon County, Vir- 
ginia, colonel in the War of 181 2, b. 1780, d. 1832, buried 
at Fort Pickens, Pensacola, and his wife, Anne Mason, b. 
October 16, 1789, d, July 12, 1882, daughter of Richard 



* He was descended from Sureties for the Magna Charta, as shown in the 
pedigree of Professor Fleete. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 203 

McCarty Chichester, b. February 27, 1769, died August 29, 
181 7, tn. Anne Thomson Mason. He was the son of Colo- 
nel Richard Chichester, of Fairfax County, Virginia, b. Lan- 
caster County, 1736, d. August 22, 1796, and Sarah Mc- 
Carty, d. June 25, 1826, aforesaid. 

Colonel John Aris Throckmorton and Mary Barnes Tutt 
had: 

26. Major Charles B. Throckmorton, U.S.A., retired, 
b. May 27, 1842 ; page in United States Senate, 1852-3; 
clerk Committee of Elections, House of Representatives, 
1858; private secretary to postmaster-general, i860; com- 
missioned second lieutenant, U.S.A., March 16, 1861 ; first 
lieutenant, May 14, 1861 ; captain, July 18, 1864; major, 
December i,' 1883 ; retired, at his own request, after thirty- 
three years' service, March 8, 1894 ; assistant general su- 
perintendent, Department Street-Cleaning,. New York, Jan- 
uary I, 1 894-February 2, 1895 ; served throughout the war ; 
brevetted major, 1865, for gallant and meritorious conduct ; 
engaged in the Modoc, Nez-Perc6, Bannock, and Piute In- 
dian wars. He m. at Bardstown, Kentucky, October 8, 
1863, Fanny Hall, daughter of Robert Logan Wickliffe, of 
Bardstown, Kentucky, and had : 

27. Charles Wickliffe Throckmorton, of New York 
City, member of the Society Sons of the Revolution, State 
of New York, Society of Colonial Wars, Virginia Historical 
Society, Colonial Order of the Acorn, and a founder of the 
Order of Runnemede. 

Arms. — Quarterly of 8. 

Throckmorton. — Gu.^ a chevron, at., three bars gemelles, 

sa.y a crescent in dexter chief for differ- 
efue, 
Abberbury. — Or., a f esse crenellie^ sa. 
Olney. — Ar., on a f esse crenellee, between six cross-crosslets 

f tehee, gu.f three crescents of the field. 



204 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

De la Spine. — Sa., a chevron, at., between three crescents, 

or. 
Olney. — Ar., on a /esse crenelUe, between six cross-crosslets 

patie fitchie, gu., three plates. 
Bosum. — Gu., three bird-bolts feathered, ar. 
Wyke. — Gu., a /esse, or, between six goutes d' or. 
Throckmorton. — ^As before. 

Crests. — ^Throckmorton : An elephants head, couped, sa., 

armed and eared, or, charged with a crescent 
j for difference. 

\ Throckmorton : A falcon rising, ar., billed and 

I belled, or, charged on the breast with a crescent 

for difference. 
Mottoes. — Throckmorton : Virtus sola nobUitas and Mori- 
bus antiquis. 



Esek Steere Ballord 



Descent from the Surety for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

William de Lanvallei. 

1. Milliam &C XanvallCi, one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, governor of Colchester Castle, who d. s.p. m. 
in 1 2 17, had issue by his wife, whom he »^. in 12 12, a daugh- 
ter of Alan Basset, of Wycombe, a descendant of Ralph 
Basset, of Weldon, justiciary of England, who d. 11 20 : 

2. Lady Hawyse de Lanvallei, only child and heiress, d. 
1330, who m. Sir John de Burgh, eldest son (but not heir to 
his earldom) of Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent ; justiciary 
of England ; guardian of King Henry III. ; a prominent 
character during the reign of Kings John and Henry III. ; 
d. March 4, 1243, and his second wife, Lady Beatrix, widow 
of Dodo Bardolf, of Shelford, and daughter of William de 
Warren, of Wirmgay, Norfolk, son of Reginald, second son 
of William, first Earl of Warren and Surrey, and his wife, 
Lady Gundred, daughter of Queen Maud. 

Sir John de Burgh, who fought under the Barons' banner 
at the battles of Lewes and Evesham, and the Lady Hawyse 
had: 

3. John de Burgh, only son and heir, Baron of Lanvallei, 
He d. s.p. m. 1279, having issue by his wife, whose name 
has not been preserved : 

4. Lady Hawyse de Burgh, coheiress, with her sisters, of 

her father ; aunt of Elizabeth, second wife of King Robert 

205 



206 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Bruce, who m. before 1279, Robert de Greslei, or GreiUy, 
lord of Kingston and Portesdale, d. 1283, son of Thomas 
de Greslei, warden of the king's forests south of Trent, d. 
1261, and had : 

5. Lady Joan de Greslei, only daughter, sister and 
heiress of Sir Thomas de Greslei, K.B., d. s. p. 1347, who 
m. Sir John, Baron de la Warre, K.C.B., d. 1342, son and 
heir of Roger, Baron de la Warre, governor of Burgh 
Casde, in Gascoigne, d. 1321, and his wife. Lady Clarice, d. 
1 301, daughter and coheiress of John, Baron Tregoz, of 
Ewyas-Harold, summoned to Parliament in 1 299, who served 
in the Welsh and French campaigns of Edward I., son of 
Robert de Tregoz, who lost his life fighting under the baro- 
nial banner at Evesham. Sir John de la Warre and the 
Lady Joan had : 

6. Lady Catherine de la Warre, who m. Sir Warine le 
Latimer, second Baron Latimer, of Braybroke, Northamp- 
tonshire, d. 1350, and had : 

7. Lady Euzabeth Latimer, eventually her father's 
heiress, sister of Sir Thomas Latimer, second son and heir, 
leader of the " Lollards," a religious sect, temp. Richard II., 
who d. s. /., his brother Edward being his heir, d.s.p. 1411, 
when his large estate devolved upon Lady Elizabeth's eldest 
son, his nephew, John Griffin. Lady Elizabeth Latimer m. 
Sir Thomas Griffin, of Weston-Favell, Northamptonshire, 
and had : 

8. Richard Grifhn, of Weston-Favell (his eldest brother, 
John Griffin, was heir to Edward, last Baron Latimer), who 
m. Anne, daughter of Richard Chamberlain and his wife, 
Catherine Cotes, of Northamptonshire, and had : 

9. Sir Nicholas Griffin, of Braybroke, high sheriff of 
Northamptonshire, 1457, who had by his first wife, Catherine, 
daughter of John (or Richard) Curzon (or Curson): 

10. John Griffin, of Braybroke, eldest son, who m. Em- 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 207 

mote, daughter of Richard WheathiU, or Whettles, of CalHs, 
or Callyce, and had : 

11. Catherine Griffin, second daughter, sister of Sir 
Nicholas Griffin, K.B., of Braybroke, sheriff of Northamp- 
tonshire, 1504, who m. as her first husband and his first wife, 
Sir John de Digby, of Eye-Kettleby, in Leicestershire, who 
was knighted by King Henry VII. for gallant service on 
Bosworth Field, d. 1533, son of Everard de Digby, M.P., of 
Tilton, Leicestershire, high sheriff of Rutlandshire, 1459, 
and his wife Jacquette, daughter of Sir John d'EUis, of Dev- 
onshire. Sir John and Catherine Digby had : 

12. William Digby, of Kettleby and Luffenham, Leices- 
tershire, d. before August i, 1529. He and his two wives 
are mentioned in his father's will. He m. first, Rose, daugh- 
ter of William Perwich (or Prestwith), of Luffenham, and 
his wife, a daughter of Sir Thomas Poultney, and m. sec- 
ondly, Helen, daughter of John Roper, of Eltham, who m. 
secondly. Sir Edward Montague, lord chief justice of the 
King's Bench, an executor of the will of King Henry VIII. 
Her stepson, William Digby, was the executor of Lady 
Montague's will, and he had by his first wife : 

13. Simon Digby, of Bedale (or Beadell) manor, in Rut- 
landshire, who was condemned and executed for high trea- 
son in 1570, and lost his estates by attainder. He m. Anne, 
daughter of Reginald Grey, **of a Yorkshire family," and 
had: 

14. Everard Digby, second son, who m. Katrina, daugh- 
ter of Magister Stockbridge de Van der Shaff Theober de 
Newkirk, and had : 

15. Elizabeth Digby, b. 1584, d. 165-, who m. in 161 4, 
Enoch Lynde, merchant, of London, d. 1 636, aged fifty-six, a 
grandson of Nathan and Elizabeth Lynde, and had : 

16. Judge Simon Lynde, of Boston, Massachusetts, b. 
London, 1624, d. 1687. He came to New England in 1650; 



2o8 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

m. 1653, Hannah, b. 1635, daughter of John Newdigate, of 
London, d. Massachusetts, 1665, and had by her, who d. 
1684: 

17. Judge Samuel Lynde, eldest child, b. December i, 
1653, d. October, 1721, m. October 20, 1674, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Jervis Ballard. She was b. in Boston, May 27, 1657, 
d. February i, 1697-8, and had: 

18. Mary Lynde, b, Boston, November 16, 1680, d. March 
26, 1 732, m. April 6, 1 702, John Valentine, of Boston, d. 1 742. 
He was the son of Rev. John Valentine, vicar of Frankfort, 
Sligo, Ireland, and was a lawyer and " notary and tabellion 
publick for Massachusetts Bay" in 1706, or crown advo- 
cate-general of the province of Massachusetts Bay and 
New Hampshire and colony of Rhode Island, and was war- 
den of King's Chapel, Boston, and buried there. They had : 

19. Thomas Valentine, fifth child, b. August 3, 1713, ^/. 
April 1 7, 1 783, m. in July, 1 735, Elizabeth, daughter of James 
and Elizabeth (Hobby) Gooche. Elizabeth Hobby was the 
daughter of Sir Charles Hobby. He commanded the Boston 
regiment at the taking of Porte Royal (Annapolis), and was 
appointed vice-governor of that place. They had : 

20. Elizabeth Valentine, b. May 18, 1739, d. March 26, 
1807, w. Zaccheus Ballord, b. March 21, 1 731, ^/. Thomp- 
son, Connecticut, in 1800, who was fourth in descent from 
William Ballord, of Lynn, a soldier in the French and In- 
dian War, also in the Revolution, in Colonel Shepard's (the 
Fourth Massachusetts) regiment. Isstu: 

21. Lynde Ballord, b. May 15, 1774, d. June 7, 1825, at 
Thompson, Connecticut; m. December 4, 1794, Polly, b. 
lyyT.d. June 22, 1816, daughter of John Bates and Chloe 
Fuller, his wife. Polly Bates was fifth in descent from 
Clement Bates, 1 595-1 671, of Hingham, Englafid, and Mas- 
sachusetts, and her mother was fourth from Robert Fuller, 
of Salem, and fifth from Isaac AUerton, the Pilgrim. Issue : 





MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 209 

22. Rev. John Bates Ballord, eldest son, b. October 25, 
1795, d. January 29, 1856. He was educated for the min- 
istry at Madison University (now Colgate), and died in New 
York City. He m. May 28, 1824, Augusta Maria Oilman, 
b. in Oilmanton, New Hampshire, June 26, 1804,^/. May 17, 
1890, in Colchester, Connecticut. She was sixth in descent 
from Edward Oilman, who came from Hingham, England, to 
Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1638. Her family were de- 
scendants of Cilmin Troed-dhu, founder of the IV Noble 
Tribe of Wales, who was a descendant of Coel Oodeboc, 
King of Briton and Duke of Colchester, circa a.d. 300. 
Rev. John Bates Ballord and Augusta Oilman, his wife, had : 

23. EsEK Steere Ballord, of Davenport, Iowa, a founder 
of the Order of Runnemede and member of the Society 
Sons of the Revolution and Society of Colonial Wars, b. 
July 26, 1830, Bloomfield, Connecticut; m. September 4, 
1862, Frances A. Webb, b. January 20, 1836, seventh in 
descent from Christopher Webb and seventh from Henry 
Adams, both of Braintree, Massachusetts, and had issue, 
all born in Davenport : 

I. Katharine Augusta (Wellesley College), b. August 5, 
1864, m. June 26, 1888, Leon M. Allen, and had : 

1. Leon Ballord, b. January 9, 1891, Davenport, Iowa. 

2. Frances Priscilla, b. April 17, 1894. 

3. Allerton, b. February 6, 1898. 

II. Bessie Webb Ballord (Wellesley College), b. Novem- 
ber 19, 1866. 

III. Belle Ballord, b. September 16, 1868 ; ;«. June 7, 1893, 
Jennis Brock Richardson. 

IV. John Oilman Ballord, ^. June 14, 1870, of St. Hilaire, 
Minnesota. 

V. Webb Rysse Ballord, b. March 12, 1876, naval archi- 
tect. 



THE PEDIGREE OF ANTHONY J. BLEECKER. 



WUIIan d* Luvalld. Richard it Clare 
H>w(h dc LuTillet OlllMrt da Clare. 

John dc Bui^. IhImI da CUn. 

Uui*i« dc BiDib. Robert d< Bnm. 

EunUth d« Biifgt— Robai Bnin, Kioi 



Robert da Vera. QbUn«7. 
R^^deVmjHiwL d* 



Uunm d« Brace. ""* 






,^ 



Roffar Bltad. 
Hasli BItod. 

Rilph Bi(Dd. 
iMtldKfad. 
JobB F1»-JobD. 
Mud FUi-JoliD. Xobvl de Ven. 

iHbel de BBDcbusp. Jou da Vm. 
Miud dc OuwoRh. Alice de Wuns. 

El Mimr Plmugmel.p Rlchifd Rti-Alu. 
AUu FlU'Alui. 
HarEim de Holland. 

Joan de Beanftrt— Janni I., Klna at ScolUiid. 
Anjoabel St a w aii ™ Ca ana Gordon. 
bah de SniheilandT -Adam Cordoa, of AboTPe. 



Catdoa, Earl of Siithetlajd,Y L«ly JaaatSlrwirt. 
'Lady Halea Smnit. 



Sir John Cordon, Eait of Sulhedi 
AleuBder Gardoo, Earl of Sniberiaad— Lady Jeaa Gordos. 
Sir Robert Gordon, Bw.,-p Lnulae Gerdoo. 

Catherine CBnlo»YCol. David B*rd«]r, <t Ury. 




a Merc her, of H. Y-Y Jan. 
Aai^Miy J. Blaeckir, d Man Yocfc aqr. 




Anthony James Bleecker 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta ; 

Hugh Bigod, William de Lanvallei, 

Roger Bigod, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Vere. 
Richard de Clare, 

1. Milliam &C lanvalleit one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, d. s. p. ;;/. 1 2 1 7, who m. 1 2 1 2, a daughter of 
Alan Basset, of Wycombe, and had : 

2. Lady Hawyse de Lanvallei, d. 3 Edward I., who nt. 
Sir John, second Baron de Burgh, knighted by Henry III. in 
1229, eldest son of Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, chief 
justice of England, guardian of King Henry III., d. May 4, 
1 243, and had : 

3. John de Burgh, Baron of Lanvallei, d. s. p. m. 1279, 
eldest son and heir, who had by his wife, whose name has 
not been preserved : 

4. Lady Margaret de Burgh, who m. Richard de Burgh, 
Baron of Con naught and Trim, second Earl of Ulster, called 
the Red Earl, lord justice of Ireland, in 1296, d. 1326, a 
descendant of Andelm de Burgh, steward to King Henry 
III. of England, and his wife. Princess Agnes, daughter of 
Louis VII., King of France, and had : 

5. Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, d. October 26, 1327, who 

m. in 1302, as his second wife, Robert Bruce, King of 

Scotland, when he was the Earl of Carrick. Robert de 

Bruce, Earl of Carrick, the restorer of the Scottish mon- 

211 



212 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

archy, crowned as Robert I., King of Scotland, was the 
eldest son of Robert de Bruce, d. 1304, Earl of Annandale, 
eldest son of Robert, Earl of Annandale, d. 1295, and his 
first wife, m. 1244, Lady Isabel, daughter of (BilbCrt &C 
ClatCt son of 'Ricbar^ &C (TlarCt both Sureties for the 
Magna Charta. 

Lady Elizabeth de Burgh and Robert I., King of Scot- 
land, had : 

6. Princess Margaret Bruce, d. 1358, sister of David II., 
King of Scodand, and widow of Robert Glen, of Pittedy, 
Fife. She m. secondly, 1344, as his first wife, William, Earl 
of Sutherland, d. 1370, and had : 

7. William, Earl of Sutherland, second and only sur- 
viving son, who died " towards the close of the sixteenth cen- 
tury," having issue by his wife, whose name has not been 
preserved : 

8. Robert, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1442. He was at 
the batde of Homildon, 1402, and in 1427 was sent to 
England as a hostage for James I. He m. Lady Mabilla, 
daughter of John, Earl of Moray, second son of Patrick 
Dunbar, Earl of Dunbar and March, d. 1369,* and his first 
wife. Lady Agnes Randolph,-}- known as " Black Agnes," who, 

* He was the eldest son of Patrick, Earl of Dunbar, one of the competitors 
for the crown of Scotland, in 1291, as the g^at-grandson of Lady Ada, a 
daughter of King William the Lion, of Scotland, the eldest son of Pat- 
rick, Earl of Dunbar, a regent of the kingdom and a guardian of the king and 
queen, 1255, d, 1289, by his wife. Lady Christiana, only daughter of Robert de 
Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d. 1304, aforesaid, a descendant of 
Gilbert de Clare and 'Kicbatd de Clare, both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

f Her father, Thomas Randolph, first Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, 
was the only son of Sir Thomas Randolph, of Strathwith, high chamberlain of 
Scotland, 1296, and his wife. Lady Isabel, sister of King Robert Bruce and 
daughter of Robert, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, eldest son of 
Robert, Earl of Annandale, d, 1295, one of the competitors for the crown of 
Scotland, 1290 (son of Robert de Bruce, Earl of Annandale, and his wife. 
Lady Isabel, second daughter of David, Elarl of Huntingdon, a brother of 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 213 

during the absence of her husband, successfully defended 
the Castle of Dunbar for nineteen weeks against the English 

in 1337- 

Robert, Earl of Sutherland, and Lady Mabilla Dunbar 

had: 

9. John, Earl of Sutherland, who died in 1460, leaving 
issue by his wife, Lady Margaret, daughter of Sir William 
Baillie, of Lamington, Lanark : 

10. John, Earl of Sutherland, who, dying in 1508, had 
issue by his wife. Lady Margaret Macdonald, eldest daugh- 
ter of Alexander, Earl of Ross, lord of the Isles, d. 1448-9, 
and his wife. Lady Elizabeth, only daughter of Alexander 
Seton, lord of Gordon and Huntly : 

1 1 . Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland, only daughter, 
sister and heiress of John, Earl of Sutherland, who d. s. p. 
1 5 14. She was enfeoffed in the earldom June 30, 15 15, d. 
in September, 1535. She m. ante October 3, 15 14, Adam 
Gordon, of Aboyne, d. March 17, 1527, who in right of his 
wife was Earl of Sutherland. He was the second son of 
George Gordon, second Earl of Huntly,* and his wife. 

King William the Lion, and son of Prince Henry, Elarl of Huntingdon, the 
son of David L, King of Scotland, whose mother was the daughter of 
Prince Edward, the exile, of England, son and heir of Edmund Ironsides, 
King of England), and his first wife, m, 1344, Lady Isabel, daughter of 
(3ill>ert De Clare, son of 'Kicbatd De Clare, both Sureties for the Magna CharU. 
* He was the eldest son of Alexander de Seton, lord of Gordon, created 
Earl of Huntley in 1445, d, 1470, eldest son of Sir William de Seton by his 
wife. Lady Elizabeth, only child of Sir Adam Gordon, of Huntly, slain at 
Homildon, September 14, 1402, by his wife. Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
William de Keith, great marshal of Scotland, d, 1406-8, and his wife. Lady 
Margaret, only child of Sir John Eraser, eldest son of Sir Alexander Eraser, 
high chamberlain of Scotland, and his wife. Lady Mary, sister of King Robert 
I. and daughter of Robert de Bruce, Earl of Annandale, aforesaid, d, 1304, 
and his wife Marjory, Countess of Carrick, descendants of David L, King of 
Scotland, and of Gilbert De Clare and lUcbarD De Clare, both Sureties for 
the observance of the Magna Charta. 



214 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Princess Annabella, daughter of James I., King of Scot- 
land,* by his wife, Lady Joan de Beaufort. 

Lady Joan de Beaufort, aforesaid, who m. 1424, as her 
first husband, King James I., was a daughter of John de 
Beaufort, K.G., Earl of Somerset, Marquis of Dorset, lord 
high admiral and high chamberlain of England, d. 14 10 
(a son of John, Duke of Lancaster, King of Castile and 
Leon, son of Edward III., King of England, and his wife, 
Lady Philippa, of Hainault), and his wife. Lady Margaret 
de Holland, daughter of Thomas, second Earl of Kent, earl 
marshal of England, d. 1397 (son of Sir Thomas de Hol- 
land, K.G., Earl of Kent, captain-general of France and 
Normandy, d. 1360, by his wife. Lady Joan Plantagenet, the 
Fair Maid of Kent, daughter of Edmund, Earl of Kent, a 
son of Edward I., King of England, and his second wife. 
Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip III., King of France), 
and his wife. Lady Alice, daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, 
K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d, 1375-6, by his second 
wife. Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, d. 1372, daughter of Henry, 
third Earl of Lancaster, d. 1345 (son of Edmund, Earl of 
Lancaster, d, 1295, a son of Henry III, King of England), 
and his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of Patrick de Chaworth 
by his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of William de Beau- 
champ, created Earl of Warwick, d. 1298, and his wife. Lady 
Maud, widow of Gerard de Furnival, of Sheffield, and daugh- 
ter of John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of 
John Fitz-Geoffrey, lord of Berkhampsted and Kirkling, 
sheriff of Yorkshire, 1234, lord justice of Ireland, 30 Henry 
III., by his wife. Lady Isabel, widow of Gilbert de Lacie and 

* King James I., murdered at Perth, February 21, 1437-8, was the third son 
of King Robert III., the son of King Robert II., the only son of Walter, lord 
high steward of Scotland, by his second wife, Princess Marjory Bruce, daughter 
of King Robert I., a descendant of (Gilbert De Clare and WcbatD De Clare, 
both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 215 

daughter of Sir Ralph Bigod, son of ItUOb £i0O^t ^^^ ^^ 
IROQCV £i^0^t ^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta and 
Earls of Norfolk. 

Richard Fitz-Alan was son of Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., 
Earl of Arundel, beheaded in 1326, and his wife, m. 1305, 
Lady Alice, daughter of William de Warren, d. 1286, by his 
wife, Lady Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere, Earl of Ox- 
ford, d. 1296, son of Hugh, Earl of Oxford, great high 
chamberlain, d. 1263 (by his wife. Lady Hawyse, daughter 
of SabCt &C (SlUinCCI^t ^^^ ^f ^^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Winchester), son of 'Robcrt &C IDCtCt Earl 
of Oxford, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland, and Adam Gordon 
had: 

1 2. Alexander Gordon, who was enfeoffed in the earldom 
of Sutherland in 1527, ^/. January 15, 1529. He m. Lady 
Janet, eldest daughter of Sir John Stewart, of Balvany,* 
created, in 1457, Earl of Athol, uterine brother to King 
James II., d. September 19, 15 12, and his first wife. Lady 
Margaret of Galloway,f and had : 

* He was the eldest son of Lady Joan de Beaufort, queen dowager of Scot- 
land, a lineal descendant, as before stated, of kings of England and France, 

and of Mttdb JSi0oO, Vo^ex JSidoD, Saber be (ftuinceis, and l^obert be IDere, 

Sureties for the Magna Charta, and her second husband, m, 1439, ^i^ James 
Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorn, who was the third son of Sir John Stewart, 
lord of Innermeth, and his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of John d'Ergadia, 
lord of Lorn, by his wife. Lady Joanna, daughter of Thomas Isaac, Esq., and 
his wife. Princess Matilda, daughter of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, 
by his second wife. Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, lineal descendants of (Gilbert be 
Claret lUcbatb be Claret and Uniilliam be lanvallei. Sureties for the observ- 
ance of the Magna Charta. 

^ Margaret of Galloway, dowager of William, Earl of Douglas, was the 
only daughter of Archibald, Elarl of Douglas and second Duke of Touraine, 
and his second wife. Lady Euphemia, eldest daughter of Sir Patrick Graham 
and his wife Euphemia, Countess of Strathem, daughter of David, Earl of 
Strathem, only son of Robert II., King op Scotland, and his second wife, 



2l6 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

13. Sir John Gordon, eldest son, b. 1525, who succeeded 
as Earl of Sutherland, and, dying in July, 1567, had issue 
by his second wife, Lady Helen, d. 1563-5, widow of Wil- 
liam, Earl of Erroll, and daughter of John Stewart, third 
Earl of Lennox, k. 1526,* and his wife, Lady Anne Stewart, 
daughter of John, first Earl of Athol, aforesaid : 

14. Alexander Gordon, Earl of Sutherland, b. 1552, a^. 
December 6, 1594. He m. secondly, December 13, 1573, 
Lady Jean Gordon,f daughter of George, fourth Earl of 



m. 1355, Euphemia, Countess of Moray, widow of John Randolph, Earl of 
Moray, k. 1346, and daughter of Hugh, Earl of Ross, and his second wife. 
Princess Matilda, sister of King Robert Bruce and daughter of Robert de 
Bruce, Earl of Annandale, d, 1304, a descendant of 0tll)ett ^C ClatC and 
IMcbarD ^e ClatCt both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

* He was the second son of Matthew, second Earl of Lennox, k, at Flodden, 
1513, and his wife. Lady Elizabeth Hamilton, niece of King James IIL and 
daughter of James, first Lord Hamilton, d, 1479, ^^^ ^^ ^^<^> Princess Mary 
Stewart, daughter of James IL, King of Scotland (and his wife. Lady Mary, 
daughter of Arnold, Duke of Gueldres), eldest son of Sir James Hamilton, of 
Cadyow, son of Sir John Hamilton, of Cadyow, d. 1397, by his wife. Lady 
Janet, daughter of James Douglas, lord of Dalkeith and Liddesdale, d. 1420, 
by his first wife, m, 1372, Lady Agnes Dunbar, daughter of Patrick, Earl of 
Dunbar, March, and Moray, d, 1369, and his first wife. Lady Agnes Ran- 
dolph, descendants of Gilbert ^e ClatC and IttcbatD be CUlte> both Sureties 
for the observance of the Magna Charta. 

Earl Matthew was the son of Sir John Stewart, of Damley, created Earl of 
Lennox, d, before September 11, 1495, ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ Stewart, of Damley, 
murdered in 1439, ^^^ ^^ ynie, Lady Catherine, daughter of Sir William de 
Seton, k, V. p, August 17, 1424, only son of Sir John de Seton, d. 144 1, and 
his first wife. Lady Janet Dunbar, daughter of George, Earl of Dunbar and 
March, son of Patrick, ninth Earl, and his wife. Lady Agnes Randolph, de- 
scendants of IttcbatD be Clare and Gilbert be Clare> both Sureties for the ob- 
servance of the Magna Charta. 

f Her mother was Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Robert, Lord Keith, k, at 
Flodden, 1513, and his wife. Lady Elizabeth Douglas, daughter of John, second 
Earl of Morton, eldest son of William Keith, third earl marshal, d, 1530 (and 
his wife, m, 1482, Lady Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of George, second Earl of 
Huntly, by Lady Annabella, daughter of James L, King of Scotland), son 
of William, second earl marshal, and his wife, Lady Mariota, or Muriella, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 217 

Hundy,* and formerly the wife of James, Earl of Bothwell, 
by whom she was divorced May 7, 1567, on account of a 

daughter of Thomas, Lord Erskine, son of Sir Robert Erskine, Earl of Marr, 
1435, ^' I453» ^^^ ^s ^^'^t ^ daughter of Robert Stewart, lord of Lorn and Inner- 
meth, by his wife. Lady Margaret Stewart, daughter of Robert, Duke of Albany, 
governor of Scotland, son of Robert II., King of Scotland, a descendant of 
WcbarD ^e Clare and 0ill)ert ^e CUire> Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

William, second earl marshal, aforesaid, was the son of Sir William de Keith, 
great marshal of Scotland, created earl marshal July 4, 1458, d. 1476, by his 
wife. Lady Mary, daughter of Sir James, eldest son of Sir John Hamilton, of 
Cadyow, d, 1397-8, by his wife. Lady Janet Douglas, aforesaid, a descendant of 
0tll)ert ^e Clare and mcbarD De Clare> Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

John, second Earl of Morton, aforesaid, was the son of James Douglas, of 
Dalkeith, created Earl of Morton 1457 (and his wife. Princess Joanna, widow 
of James, third Earl of Angus, and daughter of James I., King of Scotland, 
by his wife, Lady Joan de Beaufort, aforesaid, descendants of OilDert De Clare^ 

WcbarD De Clare, ftugb JStgoD, 'Rooer JStooD, Saber De (Ruincei^, and 

'Robert De Vere, Sureties for the Mag^a Charta), son of James Douglas, of 
Dalkeith, d, 1456, son of Sir James de Douglas, d, 1450-1 (by his wife, 
Princess Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of Robert III., King of Scotland, a 
descendant of 'RicbarD De Clare and Gilbert De Claret Sureties for the Magna 
Charta), son of Sir James de Douglas, d, 1420, and his first wife. Lady Agnes 
Dunbar, second daughter of Patrick, Earl of Dunbar and March, by his first 
wife, Agnes, Countess of Moray, aforesaid, descendants of (Gilbert De Clare 
and "RicbarD De Clare» Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

* He was one of the regents of Scotland, 1536, and was constituted high 
chancellor, 1 546, and was one of the chief commanders at the battle of Pinkie. 
He was granted the earldom of Moray, February 13, 1548-9, but subsequently 
he had the ill-will of the queen, and attacked her forces, under Moray, at Cor- 
richil, October 28, 1562, when Huntly's men were defeated and himself 
trampled to death in the retreat. He was the son of John, Lord Gordon, 
d, V, p, December 5, 15 17, eldest son of Alexander, third Earl of Huntly, a 
privy councillor to James IV., with whom he was at the battle of Flodden, 
September 9, 15 13, and, with Lord Home, commanded the left wing of the 
Scottish army, and was one of the few who escaped the carnage of that disas- 
trous day, and d, January 16, 1523-4. He m, first, October 14, 1474, Lady 
Joanna, or Janet, Stewart (mother of John, Lord Gordon), daughter of John, 
first Earl of Athol, d, 1512, uterine brother of King James II. and his wife, 
Margaret of Galloway, descendants of Robert II., King of Scotland, and 
WcbarD ^e Clare and Gilbert ^e Clare, both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Alexander, Earl of Huntly, was the eldest son of George, second Earl of 

«5 



2l8 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

dispensation to marry not having been obtained, in order 
to make way for his nuptials with Queen Mary, and had : 

15. Sir Robert Gordon, of Gordonstown, fourth son, b. 
May 14, 1580. In 1606 he was a gentleman of the privy 
chamber to King James VI., and was created a Baronet of 
Nova Scotia, being the first creation of that order. May 28, 
1625, when he had a charter of the barony of Gordon, in 
Nova Scotia, and d. in 1656. He m. at London, February 
16, 1 61 3, Louise, b. December 20, 1597, only daughter and 
heiress of John Gordon, of Longormes, and dean of Salis- 
bury, eldest son of Rev. Alexander Gordon, titular Arch- 
bishop of Athens, Bishop of Galloway, 1558, d. 1576, a 
brother of George Gordon, fourth Earl of Huntly, aforesaid, 
and a descendant of James I., King of Scotland, and (5(l# 

bcrt DC Clare and 1?(cbarD t>C ClarCt Sureties for the 
Magna Charta. Sir Robert Gordon had by Louise Gordon: 

16. Lady Catherine Gordon, second daughter, b. Jan- 
uary II, 1621-2, d. 1663, ^- December 26, 1647-8, Colonel 
David Barclay, of Ury, in Kincardine, b. \6\o,d. 1681, gov- 
ernor of Strathbogie, member of Parliament, 1654-58. He 
was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, 1663-4 5 joined the re- 
ligious Society of Friends in 1 666, and was again imprisoned, 
1665-.7, because of his religious belief. He received the 
title of colonel from Charles I., having served some time as 
major in the Swedish army. Lady Catherine Gordon had 
by Colonel David Barclay : 

17. John Barclay, b. 165-, second son, brother of Robert 
Barclay, author of the celebrated "Apology for the Quakers," 
and governor of East (New Jersey) Jersey for life, 1682. 
He resided at Perth Amboy, as deputy governor under his 



Huntly, and his first wife, Princess Annabella Stewart, daughter of James I. , 
King of Scotland, as aforesaid, descendants of Otlbett DC Clare and 'RicbatD 
dC ClatC, Sureties for the Mag^a Charta. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 219 

elder brother, and, dying in 1731, left issue by his wife, m. in 
Perth Amboy, Cornelia van Schaick : 

18. Rev. Thomas Barclay, minister at Albany, New York, 
younger son, who m. Anna Dorothea Draiiyer, member of 
the Dutch Church, Albany, 1700, daughter of Andries 
Draiiyer, admiral (Schout by Nacht) of the Danish naval 
force on the American coast, and his wife Gerritje, daugh- 
ter of Levinius van Schaick, chosen alderman of Albany, 
New York, in July, 1686, and had : 

1 9. Andrew Barclay, of New York, who m. i t^j, Helena, 
daughter of Jacobus Roosevelt, of New York, b. 1692, d. 
1776, and his wife, Catherine Hardenbrook, and had: 

20. Anna Dorothy Barclay, b. 1741, d. 1795, who m. 
1760, Theophylact Bache, of New York, b. 1734, d. 1807, 
and had : 

21. Sarah Bache, b. 1774, d. 1852, who m. James 
Bleecker, of New York, and had : 

22. Anthony J. Bleecker, of New York, b. 1799, d. 1884, 
who m. Cornelia van Benthuysen, of Poughkeepsie, New 
York, and had : 

23. James Bleecker, of New York, b. 1836, who m. Jane 
Clarkson Hilly b. 1839, and had: 

24. Anthony James Bleecker, of New York City, one of 
the founders of the Order of Runnemede, a member of the 
Society of Colonial Wars, b. 1 864, who m. September 8, 
1892, Bertha de la Vergne Gilman, and had : Anthony Lis- 
penard Bleecker, b. November 5, 1893, and Winthrop Gil- 
man Bleecker, b. October 18, 1897. 

Arms. — Per pale, az. and ar., an the first two chevronels 

embattled counter-embattled, or ; on the second 
an oak branch Jructed in pale, ppr. 

Crest. — A bleecker' s brush, ar., in pale, above an inverted 

chevronel embattled, or. 



ill 

A o o 



K K K 

I 

s s s 



^"0*0 






• • • • 

g 8 i I § . 

6 n n n n ^ 



•o •§ •§ •§ B 



1 1 1 1 1 

^ Oi Oi Oi 3. 



< 

(/) 
S 

(/) 

9 
> 

a 

O 

(JU 
(JU 

O 

5 

(JU 

u 

X 



-S-B-B-B-a- 



11 



r s B 






* % 4 



i« 



5 s « 



I 



Hit?! 

• • a I I I 



•8 




David SctiU Bispham 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John de Lacie. 

Roger Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Vcre. 
Richard de Clare, 

I- KiCbar^ t>C ClACCt one of the Sureties for the ob- 
servance of the Magna Charta, sixth Earl of Clare and 
fourth Earl of Hertford, d. 1218, had by his wife. Lady 
Amicia, sister of King John's divorced wife, and second 
daughter of William, second Earl of Gloucester : 

2. (BilbCrt l)C ClaCCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Clare and Hertford, and Earl of Gloucester, 
in right of his mother, d. 1229. He had by his wife. Lady 
Isabel Marshall, a sister of William Marshall, one of the 
Sureties for the Magna Charta, and daughter of William, 
Earl of Pembroke, the adviser of King John : 

3. Richard de Clare, Earl of Clare, Hertford, and 
Gloucester, who was poisoned by a political enemy, in 
1262. He m., as his second wife. Lady Maud, daughter of 
30bn t>C XdCiCt Earl of Lincoln, one of the Sureties for 
the observance of the Magna Charta, and his second wife, 
Lady Margaret, daughter of Robert de Quincey, second 

son of Saber l)C (SlUinCC^t ^"^ ^f ^he Sureties for the 
observance of the Magna Charta, and had by her : 

4. Gilbert de Clare, sur named the Red, Earl of Clare, 

221 



222 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Hertford, and Gloucester, d. 1295. He m. May 2, 1290, 
as his second wife, the Princess Joan d'Acre, d. 1305, 
daughter of Edward I., King of England, and his first 
wife, Eleanor of Castile, and had by her : 

5. Lady Alianore de Clare, who m. May i, 1306, as 
her first husband, Hugh le Despencer, Jr., one of the 
hapless favorites of King Edward I. He was the son of 
Hugh le Despencer and his wife. Lady Isabel de Beau- 
champ, and widow of Patrick de Chaworth, whom he m. 
without license and was heavily fined by King Edward I. 

Hugh Spencer, the elder, to the very close of the reign 
of Edward I., enjoyed the favor of the king. When the 
Spencers, father and son, attained extraordinary eminence 
and influence with Edward II., the indignant Barons as- 
sembled and marched to St. Albans, whence they sent to 
Edward II. a demand that the Spencers should be banished. 
This the king declined to do, and thereupon the Barons, under 
Lancaster, proceeded towards London to seize it. The 
king then, at the instance of the queen, acquiesced, where- 
upon the Barons called a parliament and the Spencers were 
banished by them. However, the king soon raised an 
army, recalled the Spencers, and gave them important com- 
mands, and encountered and defeated the Barons at Bor- 
oughbridge. The Spencers now became more powerful 
than before, and the elder Hugh was created Earl of Win- 
chester, and loaded with grants of forfeited estates. Hugh, 
Jr., also obtained many valuable grants, and the two used 
their influence to have the queen and the young prince 
banished as traitors. When the excitement had somewhat 
subsided the queen returned, rallied the defeated Barons 
about her, and marched to Bristol, where the king and his 
favorites were. They seized Hugh, the elder, and hanged 
him, in October, 1326. Hugh, Jr., and the king escaped, but 
were shortly captured, and by the queen's order his Maj- 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 223 

esty was consigned to Berkeley Casde, and was murdered 
the next year, and Hugh, Jr., was sentenced " to be drawn 
upon a hurdle, with trumps and trumpets, throughout all 
the city of Hereford," and was then hanged and quartered 
November 29, 1326. Thus terminated two of the most 
celebrated royal favorites in the history of England. 

Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, aforesaid, was the daughter 
of William, Earl of Warwick (in right of his mother, Lady 
Isabel, daughter of William Mauduit, and sister and heiress 
to William Mauduit, Earl of Warwick), and his wife, Lady 
Maud, widow of Gerard de Furnival and a daughter of 
John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, the son of 
John Fitz-Geoffrey, also chief justice of Ireland, by his wife, 
Lady Isabel, daughter of Sir Ralph, third son of )iU0b 
3BifiOl)t second Earl of Norfolk, eldest son of *RO0CC !BidO{>t 
Earl of Norfolk, both Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta, and descendants of Henry I., King of 
France. 

Lady AHanore de Clare and her first husband, Hugh le 
Despencer, the younger, had : 

6. Lady Isabel le Despencer, who m.^ as his first wife, 
Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., ninth Earl of Arundel and seventh 
Earl of Surrey, from whom she was divorced, with the 
sanction of the Pope, having had by him an only child. He 
was the son of Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., Earl of Arundel, 
who was involved in the rebellion of the Earl of Lancaster, 
but was pardoned by Edward II. and given an important 
command in his army. He was captured by Barons and 
beheaded at Hereford, in 1326. His wife was Lady Alice, 
^' 1 305* daughter of William de Warren, who d. v. p. 1286 
(eldest son of John, seventh Earl of Warren and Surrey), 
and his wife. Lady Joan de Vere, daughter of Robert, fifth 
Earl of Oxford and sixth lord great chamberlain, d. 1296, 
son of Hugh, fourth Earl of Oxford, lord great chamber- 



224 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Iain (and his wife, Lady Hawyse, daughter of SabCC ^C 
(SlUinCC^t ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta), the 
son of 'Robert be IDcrCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Oxford, and lord great chamberlain, J. 

I22I. 

Lady Isabel le Despencer and Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., 
had: 

7. Lady Philippa Fitz-Alan, only child, m. Sir Richard 
Sergeaux, lord of Sergeaux, in Cornwall, and had : 

8. Philippa Sergeaux, m. Sir Robert Pashley, and had : 
9- Sir John Pashley, m. Low)'s Gower, and had : 

10. Elizabeth Pashley, who m. Reginald de Pympe, of 
Nettlestead, in Kent, and their only daughter : 

11. Anne P\'mpe, m. Sir John Scott, of Scott's Hall, 
high sheriff of Kent, 1528, and had : 

1 2. Sir Reginald Scott, of Scott's Hall, high sheriff of 
Kent, 1 541-2, captain of the casde of Calais, J. December 
J<S» ^55+ ^'^^ *"• firs^ Emeline, daughter of Sir William 
Kempe, and had by her : 

13. Charles Scott, of Edgerton, in Kent. J. 161 7, who 
Hi, Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Wj-att, of Allington Cas- 
tle, Kent, executed as a rebel on Tower HiH April 11. 
^554- son of Sir Thomas Wj-att of Allington Castle, poet 
laureate to King Henry \'I1L* i. 1 505, J. 1 542, by his wife, 
M. 1520, Lady ElizabetK daughter of Thomas Brooke, third 
Baron Cobham, who served gallantly in Henr}- \TII/s 
French campaigns, rfl July 19. 1529. 

Thomasv Baron Cobham. was the son of John, second 
Baron Cobham. in Kent who distinguished himself in arms 
in the reigTis of Edward rV\ and Henr\" YIL. and d. March 
9, 1 5 11-12. and his first wife. Lady Margaret daughter of 
Edward NevilL K.G.. and his second wife, m^ 1448. Lady 
Catherine, daughter of Sir Robert Howard. Duke of Nor- 
folk, and eari marshal, /mre mxorts. His wife. Lad)- Mar- 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 225 

garet, was the daughter, and eventually coheiress, of Thomas 
de Mowbray, K.G., created Earl of Nottingham, 1383, and 
constituted, in 1386, earl marshal of England, being the 
first who had the title of earl attached to the office, and in 
1396 was created Duke of Norfolk. For political reasons, 
the duke was subsequently banished for life, and d. in 1400, 
of pestilence in Venice. 

WlUam &C flDOWbrai^t ^ Magna Charta Surety, had by 
his wife. Lady Agnes . d' Albini, a daughter or a sister of 
William, second Earl of Arundel and Sussex : Roger de 
Mowbray, d. 1266, father of Roger, first Baron by writ, d. 
1298, whose son John, second Baron, was executed in 
1 32 1, having issue by his wife. Lady Aliva de Braose : John, 
third Baron, d. 1361, m. Lady Joan, daughter of Henry 
Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, and his wife. Lady Maud 
de Chaworth,* and had: John, fourth Baron, d. 1368, m. 
Lady Elizabeth, daughter of John de Segrave, and his wife, 
Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk, only child of 
Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, earl marshal of 
England, a son of Edward I., King of England, and his 
second wife. Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip III., the 
Hardy, King of France, and had : Thomas de Mowbray, 
K.G., Earl of Nottingham, aforesaid. 

Sir Thomas's second wife, the mother of Lady Margaret 
Howard, was Lady Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, daughter of Richard, 
tenth Earl of Arundel and Surrey, and his first wife. Lady 
Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William, K.G., Earl of 
Northampton, a hero of Cressy (and his wife. Lady Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, who was 
captured at the battle of Boroughbridge and hanged, drawn, 

* She was a daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, 1 253-1 282, and his wife, 
Lady Isabel, daughter of William de Beauchamp, first Earl of Warwick, and 
his wife. Lady Maud Fitz-John, aforesaid, a descendant of ftu0b JSi0OO» ^nd 
'RogCt JSt0OO> both Magna Charta Sureties. 



226 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

and quartered, 1322), fourth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 
Earl of Hereford and Essex, lord high constable, who was 
slain at Boroughbridge, fighting under the banner of the 
Barons, March 16, 132 1-2 (and his wife. Princess Elizabeth 
Plantagenet, widow of John, Earl of Holland, and daughter 
of Edward I., King of England, and his first wife, Eleanor 
of Castile), the eldest son of Humphrey, third Earl of 
Hereford and Essex, lord high constable of England, d. 
1397, the son of Humphrey, d. v. /., taken prisoner with his 
father, eldest son of Humphrey de Bohun, taken prisoner 
at the battle of Evesham, d. 1274, the son of MCttr^ t>C 
iBObUttt one of the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta, created Earl of Hereford and Essex. 

Charles Scott, of Edgerton, and his wife, Jane Wyatt, 
had : 

14. Thomas Scott, of Edgerton, b. 1567, will dated in 
1635. His estates in Kent County were sold in 167-. He 
m. 1604, J^"^ (Mary), second daughter of Joan Knatchbull, 
of Mershom Hatch, and had by her, who d. in 1616 : 

15. Dorothy Scott, bapt. September 22, 161 1. She »i. 
secondly, about 1670, Joseph Hogben, who d. before 1680, 
and in 1680 she came to Oyster Bay, Long Island, New 
York, with her children by her first husband. She had by 
her first husband, Major Daniel Gotherson, of Cromwell's 
army, who visited Long Island and purchased land at 
Oyster Bay, August 28, 1633, returned home, and d. in 
1666 : 

16. Dorothy Gotherson, who m. 1680, John Davis, of 
Oyster Bay, Long Island. In 1705 they removed to Piles- 
grove Township, Salem County, New Jersey. Their 
son : 

17. Judge David Davis, of Salem County, New Jersey, 
m. Dorothy Cousins, b. 1693, d. 1789, and had: 

18. Jacob Davis, of Woodstown, Salem County, New 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 227 

Jersey, b. 1734, d. 1820, who m. first, 1761, Esther Wilkins, 
b. 1 736, d. 1 785, and had by her : 

19. Esther Davis, b. 1778, d. 1809, who m. 1800, Joshua 
Lippincott, of Salem County, New Jersey, b. 1774, d. 18 — , 
and had : 

20. Lydia Lippincott, b. \%o\^ d. 1854, who m. 1823, 
David Scull, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, b. 1799, son of 
Gideon and Sarah Scull, of ScuUtown, New Jersey, and 
had: 

21. Jane Lippincott Scull, who m. William D. Bispham, 
of Philadelphia, and had : 

22. David Scull Bispham, of London, England, one of 
the founders of the Order of Runnemede. He m. Caro- 
line, daughter of General Charles Seymour Russell, United 
States army, and had Vida and Francesca Leonie Bispham. 

Arms. — Gu.^ a chevron^ ar., between three lions' heads, 

erased, ar., on a canton, or, a rose of the first, 

barbed and seeded of the second. 
Crest. — On a ducal cap of maintenance, gu., turned up 

erm., a lion passant, ar., his dexter paw resting 

on an escutcheon of the first. 



':'* 



CO 

H 
H 

UJ 
CQ 



O 

s 

UJ 

a 

UJ 

u« 

u« 
O 

UJ 
UJ 

O 

a 

UJ 

m 
X 

H 




I 

a 
X 






1 

> 








«; 



w 



Frederic Henry Betts 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John Fitz-Robert, 

Roger Bigod, John de Lade, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Geoffrey de Say, 

Richard de Clare, Robert de Vere. 

1. 1?iCbact) &C ClACCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, had by his wife, Lady Amicia, 
daughter of William, Earl of Gloucester : 

2. (Bilbcrt t>C ClAtCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, who had by his wife. Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, Protector 
of England: 

3. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, 
who m. secondly. Lady Maud, daughter of Jobfl bC XflCiCt 
one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Lincoln, 
by his second wife. Lady Margaret, daughter of Robert de 

Quincey, d. v. /., second son of Sabct t>C (StUitlCC^t ^'^^ ^^ 
the Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Winchester, and 
had: 

4. Sir Gilbert de Clare, called the Red, Earl of Hert- 
ford and Gloucester, d. 1295, who had, by his second wife, 
m. May 2, 1290, Princess Joan Plantagenet, d. 1305, a 
daughter of Edward L, King of England, by his wife, the 
Princess Eleanor, of Castile : 

5 . Lady Margaret de Clare, widow of Piers de Gaves- 

229 



230 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

ton, Earl of Cornwall, who m. secondly, Hugh d'Audley, 
who was created, in 1377, Earl of Gloucester, and had by 
him, who d. 1 347-9 : 

6. Lady Margaret d'Audley, only child, who m. Ralph 
de Stafford, K.G., one of the original members of the Order 
of Knights of the Garter, seneschal and captain-general 
of Aquitaine, a commander at Cressy, created, in 1351, Earl 
of Stafford, d. 1372, and had: 

7. Hugh de Stafford, K.G., second Earl of Stafford, a 
crusader, who d. in 1386. He m. Lady Philippa, daughter 
of Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G., third Earl of Warwick, 
one of the original Knights of the Garter, a commander at 
Cressy and Poictiers, and a crusader ; d. 1369. His father 
was Guy, second Earl of Warwick, who died from poisoning 
August 12, 1 315, the son of William de Beauchamp, of 
Elmley, Earl of Warwick (in right of his mother. Lady Isa- 
bel, sister and heiress of William de Mauduit, Earl of War- 
wick), by his wife, Lady Maud, widow of Gerard de Furni- 
val, and the eldest daughter and coheiress of John Fitz-John, 
chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz-Geoffrey, 
sheriff of Yorkshire, 1234, chief justice of Ireland, 1246, 
and his wife. Lady Isabel, widow of Gilbert de Lacie, and 
daughter of Sir Ralph Bigod, third son of )iU0b BifiO^t 
son of I^OdCt i3i0O^t ^^^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta, 
and Earls of Norfolk, 

Hugh, Earl of Stafford, and Lady Philippa had : 

8. Lady Margaret de Stafford, d. 1370, who m., as his 
first wife, Ralph de Nevill, K.G., created Earl of West- 
moreland and great marshal of England, who took a lead- 
ing part in the political drama of his day, and was active in 
raising Henry of Lancaster to the throne, d. 1425, and had: 

9. Lady Philippa de Nevill, who w, Thomas, Baron de 
Dacre, of Gillesland, 138 7- 145 7, who was constituted chief 
forester of Inglewood, Cumberland, in 8 Henry V., and a 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 23 1 

commissioner to treat for peace with James I. of Scotland, 
and had : 

10. Thomas de Dacre, eldest son, who d. v. p. His 
brother, Humphrey de Dacre, third son, was summoned to 
Parliament in 1482 as Baron Dacre of Gillesland, or of the 
North, his chief seat being in Cumberland, to distinguish 
him from Sir Richard Fienes, who was summoned as Baron 
Dacre, and was known as Baron Dacre of the South, his 
chief possessions being in County Sussex. 

Thomas de Dacre m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter and heir- 
ess of Sir William Bowet, of Cumberland, d. 1423, and his 
wife. Lady Amy, daughter and coheiress of Sir Robert 
d'Ufford, d. 1400 (by his wife Helen, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Felton), eldest son of Sir Edmund d'Ufford (heir 
to his elder brother, John, Baron Ufford), of Horsford, d. 
1374 (and his wife, Lady Sibilla, daughter of Sir Simon -^^V^ri h-^^^ 
Pierpont, of Henstead, Suffolk), youngest son of Sir Ralph 
d'Ufford (brother of Robert d'Ufford, K.G., created, 1337, 
Earl of Suffolk), justice of Ireland, d. 1346, and his second 
wife, Lady Eve, only daughter and heiress of John de Clav- 
ering. Lord of Horsford, Norfolk, second Baron by sum- 
mons, 1299-1331, d. 1332, eldest son of Robert Fitz-Roger, 
lord of Warkworth and Clavering, a gallant soldier in the 
Scottish wars of Edward L, summoned to Parliament 1 295, 
d. 131 1, eldest son of Roger Fitz-John, feudal Baron of 
Warkworth and Clavering, d. 1249, eldest son of JobU 
^tS^'KObCttt one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Thomas de Dacre had by the Lady Elizabeth Bowet : 

11. Lady Joan de Dacre, ^. 1432, heir-general to her 
grandfather. Her will was proved June 14, i486. She m. 
ante 1457, Sir Richard Fynes, or Fienes, who was declared 
Baron Dacre, in right of his wife, by Edward IV., and was 
so summoned to Parliament, 1459-82. He was constable 
of the Tower of London and lord chamberlain to the 



232 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

household of King Edward IV., and d. 1484-5. He and 
his wife were buried in All Saints' Church, Hertsmonceaux, 
Sussex. 

Sir Richard Fienes was the son of Sir Roger, treasurer 
of the household to Henry VI., the son of Sir William, 
high sheriff of Surrey and Sussex, 1297, the son of Sir 
William Fynes, and his wife, Lady Joan, daughter of Sir 
Geoffrey, second Baron de Say, admiral of the king s fleet, 
d. 1359, by his wife. Lady Maud, a daughter of the above 
Guy, Earl of Warwick, a descendant of 'ROQCt £i^0^ and 
MUQb IB(fi0^t ^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta. He 
was the eldest son of Geoffrey, d. 1322, son of William, d. 
1295, son of William, d. 1272, the son of (pcOflffCl? &C %X^i 
one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Sir Richard Fienes, Baron Dacre, and Lady Joan had : 
1 2. Sir John Fienes, eldest son, who d. v. p. He m. 
Lady Alice, daughter of Henry, Baron Fitz-Hugh, of Ra- 
vensworth, who was, during the reign of Henry VI., firmly 
attached to the Lancastrian interest, but on the accession 
of Edward IV., the champion of the Yorkists, he was em- 
ployed by him in a military capacity and as a diplomatist. 
In 1468 he made a pilgrimage to the Holy Sepulchre, and 
d. at Ravensworth in 1472. His wife, and mother of Lady 
Alice Fitz-Hugh, was Lady Alice, daughter of Richard Nev- 
ill, K.G., Earl of Salisbury,* by his wife, Lady Alice Mont- 

* He was the eldest son of Ralph de Nevill, K.G., first Earl of Westmore- 
land, by his second wife. Lady Joan de Beaufort, daughter of John, Duke of 
Lancaster, son of Edward IIL, King of England. Sir Richard obtained 
from Henry VL nimierous substantial grants and some of the highest and most 
important trusts ; yet he was one of the earliest to espouse the cause of the 
House of York, and one of the most determined in maintaining it. His lord- 
ship fought and won, in conjunction with the Duke of York, the first pitched 
battle — ^that of St. Albans — ^between the contending "Roses,** and himself de- 
feated Audley at Bloreheath in 1458-9, and again in 1460 at Northampton, 
when he was constituted, by the Yorkists, lord great chamberlain. At the 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 233 

acute, daughter and heiress of Thomas, Earl of Salisbury, 
who was concerned in so many military exploits that to give 
an account of them all would be to write the history of the 
reign of Henry V. His first wife, mother of Lady Alice 
Montacute, was Lady Eleanor, daughter of Thomas de Hol- 
land, second Earl of Kent, who, upon the accession of his 
half-brother. King Richard IL, was constituted marshal of 
England. His wife, mother of Lady Eleanor de Holland, 
was Lady Alice, daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl 
of Arundel and Surrey, d. 1375-6, by his second wife. Lady 
Eleanor PlantageneL* He was the son of Edmund, K.B., 
eighth Earl of Arundel, who fell a victim to the ill-will of Mor- 
timer and the queen, and was executed at Hereford in 1326. 
His wife was Lady Alice, daughter of William de Warren, d. 
1286, by his wife. Lady Joan de Vere, daughter of Robert, 
Earl of Oxford, lord great chamberlain, d. 1 296, the son of 
Hugh, Earl of Oxford, lord great chamberlain, d. 1 203 (by 
his wife. Lady Hawyse, daughter of ^bCt &C (SlUittCC^t 
one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Winches- 
ter), the son of 'RobCrt bC IDCfC, Earl of Oxford and lord 
great chamberlain, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 
Sir John -Fienes and Lady Alice Fitz-Hugh had : 
13. Thomas Fienes, K.B., b. 1470, who, as heir to his 
grandfather, succeeded as Baron Dacre of the South, and 
was made a Knight of the Bath by Henry VIL in 1495-6. 
His will was probated in 1534. His wife was Lady Anne, 

battle of Wakefield he was captured, when his head was immediately cut off 
and fixed upon a pole over one of the gates of York, in December, 1460. 

* She was the daughter of Henry, third Earl of Lancaster, d, 1345 (son of 
Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, d. 1295, the son of Henry III., King of Eng- 
land, and his wife, Lady Eleanor, of Provence), by his wife. Lady Maud, 
daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, 1253-1282, and his wife. Lady Isabel, daugh- 
ter of William de Beauchamp, first Earl of Warwick, by his wife, Lady Maud 
Fitz-John, aforesaid, descended from 1iU0b J9idOO and VofiCt J9idOD, both 
Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

16 



234 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

daughter of Sir Humphrey Bouchier, who was k. v. p. at 
Barnetfield, fighting under the banner of Edward IV., eldest 
son of John Bouchier, K.G. 

" John Bouchier de Berners, Chevalier" appears to have 
played a safe game between the Houses of York and Lan- 
caster, as in the reign of Henry VI. he fought at St. Albans 
under the Red Rose, and in that of Edward IV. was a 
stanch adherent of the White Rose, and was made consta- 
ble of Windsor Castle, and d. in 1474. Sir John, who m. 
Lady Margery, daughter and heiress of Richard Berners, of 
West Horsley, Surrey, was the fourth son of William de 
Bouchier, Earl of Ewe, and his wife. Lady Anne Plantage- 
net, widow of both Thomas and Edmund, Earls of Stafford, a 
daughter of Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, ^. 1397 (youngest 
son of Edward III., King of England), by his wife, Alianore 
de Bohun, a daughter and coheiress of Humphrey, the last 
Earl of Hereford and Essex and second Earl of Northamp- 
ton, d. 1372, and his wife. Lady Joan Fitz-Alan.* 

Humphrey, the last Earl of Hereford and Essex, was the 
only son of Sir William de Bohun, K.G., a person of great 
eminence in the turbulent times in which he lived, and one 
of the gallant heroes of Cressy, and was created, March 
17, 1337, Earl of Northampton, and from this date was a 
constant companion in arms of the martial Edward and his 
illustrious son, and d. in 1360. Earl William was the 
brother of three Earls of Hereford and Essex, and the 
fourth son of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and 



* She was a daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., ninth Earl of Arundel (by 
his second wife, Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, third Earl of 
Lancaster, a grandson of Henry HI., King of England, and his wife. Lady 
Maud de Chaworth, aforesaid, a descendant of 1(U0b JSigOO and VOfiCt J9idOO» 
both Sureties for the Magna Charta), who was, as before stated, a descendant 
of Saber be dtUincei^ and Vobert be 1t)ere» both Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 235 

Essex, lord high constable of England, who was slain in the 
battle of Boroughbridge, March 16, 132 1-2, and his wife, 
m. November 14, 1302, Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, widow 
of John de Vere and daughter of Edward I., King of Eng- 
land, and his wife Eleanor, of Castile. 

This latter Earl Humphrey was the son of Humphrey de 
Bohun, also Earl of Hereford and Essex and lord high con- 
stable, d. in 1297, the eldest son of Humphrey de Bohun, 
d. V. p., who was taken prisoner at Evesham with his father, 
also named Humphrey, who was the eldest son of licttt^ 
l)C KObUttt one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl 
of Hereford and lord high constable of England. 

Sir Thomas Fienes, K.B., and Lady Anne had : 

14. Lady Catherine Fienes (sister of Sir Thomas Fienes, 
eldest son, who d. v. p., father of Thomas, Baron Dacre of 
the South, executed in 1541, aged twenty-four years), sec- 
ond daughter, who m. Richard Loudenoys, son of Richard 
Loudenoys, or Londoniis, of Briade, or Breame, in Sussex, 
and had : 

15. Mary Loudenoys, only child, who m. Thomas Har- 
lakenden, of Worthorn, or Warhorn, Kent, his will proved 
in 1564 (seethe "Visitations of Kent," 1574, NichoFs ''To- 
pographer and Genealogist," I. 228, Savage's **Geneal. Die. 
of New England," Waters's ''Genealogical Gleanings in 
England," the N. E. Hist. Geneal. Reg., xiv. and xv. etc), 
and had : 

16. Roger Harlakenden, of Kenardiston and Wood- 
church, Kent, third son ; b. 1535, d. 1603. He was steward 
to Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford, and in 1583 purchased 
from him the manor of Earl's Colne, Essex. He m. first, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Hardres, of Kentshire, and 
widow of George Harlakenden, of Woodchurch, and had 
by her : 

1 7. Richard Harlakenden, of Kenardiston, Earl's Colne, 



236 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

and Staple's Inn, b. 1565, d. August 24, 163 1, who m. Mary 
(or Margaret), daughter of Edward Hubbart, or Hobart, of 
Stanstead-MontBchet, and had : 

1 8. Mabel Harlakenden, seventh daughter, b. at Earl's 
Colne, September 27, 1614. In 1635 she came with her 
brother, Roger Harlakenden, to New England, and m. first, 
in 1636, as his second wife, John Haynes, of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, 1594-165 3, and m. secondly, November 17, 
1654, Samuel Eaton, son of Theophilus Eaton, first gov- 
ernor of the New Haven Colony. 

John Haynes, of Copford Hall, Essex, b. May i, 1594, 
arrived at Boston September 4, 1633. He was made free- 
man "at a General Court holden at Boston," May 14, 1634 ; 
elected an assistant in 1634 and 1636, and governor of the 
Bay Colony in 1635. He was colonel of the Second Regi- 
ment Massachusetts Militia in 1636. In 1637 he removed 
to Connecticut and setded at Hartford, and was elected the 
first governor of that colony in April, 1639, and every sec- 
ond year afterwards until his death, March i, 1654. His 
will was of October 27, 1646, and was exhibited to the court 
of magistrates July 11, 1654. He had by his wife, Mabel 
Harlakenden : 

19. Ruth Haynes, b. Hartford, Connecticut, 1639, who 
m., in 1655, Samuel Wyllys, b. February 19, 163 1-2, d, 1709, 
assistant governor of the Connecticut Colony, son of George 
Wyllys (son of Richard Wyllys, of Fenny Compton manor, 
Warwickshire), who came to New England and settled at 
Hartford in 1638, and became governor of the Connecticut 
Colony in 1642, and had : 

20. Mary Wyllys, b. 1656, d. October 11, 1689, who w., 
1684, Rev. Joseph Eliot, of Guilford, Connecticut, b. Decem- 
ber 20, 1638, d. May 26, 1694, son of Rev. John Eliot, the 
apostle to the Indians, and had : 

21. Abial Eliot, b. 1686-7, ^- October 28, 1776, who m. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 237 

1726, Mary Leete, b. February 18, 1701, d. January 12, 1778, 
a great-granddaughter of William Leete, governor of the 
Connecticut Colony, and had : 

22. Wyllys Eliot, b. February 9, 1731, fl?. September 23, 
1777, who m. Abigail, b. April 22, 1731, daughter of Colonel 
Andrew Ward, who served at Louisburgh in 1745, and was 
a member of the House of Deputies of Connecticut, and sis- 
ter of General Andrew Ward, and had : 

23. Sarah Eliot, b. February 28, 1772, d. February 12, 
1852, who m, John Scoville, b. August 12, 1770, d. August 
19, 1816, and had: 

24. Mary Ward Scoville, b. August 13, 181 2, ^. July 2, 
1868, who m. Frederic J. Betts, b. July 2, 1803, d. October 
19, 1879, acting district attorney of Orange County, New 
York, 1823, master in chancery. New York, quartermas- 
ter on staff of Governor Clinton, New York, 1826, clerk of 
the United States Circuit Court in New York and judge 
of Hustings Court of Campbell County, Virginia, who was 
descended from Thomas Betts, one of the founders of Guil- 
ford, Connecticut, and Edward Rosseter, one of the early 
assistants of the colony of Massachusetts Bay, and had : 

25. Frederic H. Betts, of New York City, a member of 
the Society Sons of the Revolution and of the Society of 
Colonial Wars, a founder of the Order of Runnemede, b. 
March 8, 1843, ^- October 16, 1867, Mary Louise Holbrook, 
and had : 

I. Louis Frederic Holbrook Betts, b. May 21, 1870. 

II. Mary Eliot, b. October 19, 1871, who m. January 28, 
1892, Russell H. Hoadley, and has two children : 

1. Sheldon Eliot, b. November 20, 1894. 

2. Louise Russell, b. March 20, 1896. 

III. Wyllys Rosseter Betts, b. May 12, 1875. 



I 41 -8 -8 ^ ^ 




O 

z 
m 

< 

O 

H 

tc 

03 
O 

tc 

O 

w 
w 
o: 
O 

Q 
w 

flu 

X 
H 




g 

8 r 




1 1 1 *? 1 1 ^ 

■ « a 5 E " 



g 

• 

1 
I 

•8 



•8 





Robert Cutting Lawrence 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John de Lade, 

Roger Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Gilbert de Clare, Saher de Quincey, 

Richard de Qare, Eustace de Vesci. 

1. Saber t>C (SlUincei^t ^"^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, first Earl of Winchester, had by his wife, 
Lady Margaret de Bellomont, daughter of Robert, Earl of 
Leicester, lord high steward of England, and his wife, Lady 
Petronella, daughter of Hugh Grantemaisnill, lord high 
steward : 

2. Robert de Quincey, eldest son, d. v. p. in the Holy 
Land, leaving issue by Lady Hawyse (Margaret) de Mes- 
chines, daughter of Hugh de Keveliock, fifth earl palatine 
of Chester, d. 1 1 8 1 : 

3. Lady Margaret de Quincey, only child, who m., as 
his second wife, JObU &e XACiet one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, first Earl of Lincoln, d. 1 240, and had : 

4. Lady Maud de Lacie, who m., as his second wife, 
Richard de Clare, eighth Earl of Clare, sixth Earl of Hert- 
ford, and second Earl of Gloucester, a distinguished per- 
sonage in the reign of Henry III., d. 1262, son of (Gilbert 
be Clare and grandson of "Ricbarb be Claret both Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta and Earls of Clare and Hertford, 
and had : 

239 



240 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

5. Thomas de Clare, second son, governor of St. Bri- 
arch's Castle in Gloucestershire and constable of Gloucester 
Castle, 50 Henry III. In the following year he made a 
pilgrimage to the Holy Land; returned in 1271 ; was con- 
stituted governor of the City of London by Edward I. upon 
his accession, and d. September 4, 1287, in Ireland, and was 
buried in Grey Friars, Limerick, having issue by his wife, 
Lady Amy, daughter of Sir Maurice Fitz-Maurice, of Mol- 
lahuffe Castle, Desmond (by his first wife, Joanna, daugh- 
ter of Miles Fitz-Henry, chief justice of Ireland), eldest 
son of Raymond le Gros Fitz-William, viceroy of Ireland, 
1177: 

6. Thomas de Clare, third son, father, by his wife, whose 
name has not been preserved, of: 

7. Lady Maud de Clare, who m. Robert, Baron de Clif- 
ford, of Appleby, who participated in the Scottish wars of 
Edward I., and was slain at the battle of Bannockburn, 13 13. 
His grandfather, Roger de Clifford, for his stanch adher- 
ence to Henry III., was appointed, after the victory at Eves- 
ham, justice of all the king's forests south of Trent, whose 
grandfather, Walter de Clifford, was a brother of " the Fair 
Rosamond." Lady Maud and Robert, Baron de Clifford, 
had: 

8. Roger, second Baron de Clifford, of Appleby, lord 
of Westmoreland, d. July 13, 1390, who m. Lady Maud de 
Beauchamp, daughter of Thomas, K.G., third Earl of War- 
wick, hereditary sheriff of Worcestershire and chamberlain 
of the exchequer, one of the original members of the Order 
of the Knights of the Garter, d. 1369. Sir Thomas was 
very distinguished in arms in the reign of Edward III., and 
had a principal command at the battle of Cressy. His wife, 
whom he m. when he was fifteen years old, in 1328, by 
special dispensation, as she was his cousin, was Lady Cath- 
erine, daughter of Sir Roger, second Baron de Mortimer, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 241 

of Wigmore, best known as the lover of Queen Isabel, con- 
sort of Edward II., who participated in the Scottish wars, 
and was appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland. He attached 
himself to the interests of Queen Isabel, and fled to France 
with her and Prince Edward. When the latter became 
king he was created Earl of March, and held a " round 
table" to celebrate his advancement, and soon, by his mode 
of living, became known as the King of Folly. Subse- 
quendy he was arrested by order of Edward III. and con- 
victed under various charges of treason, was executed, and 
all his honors became forfeited. 

His father. Sir Edmund Mortimer, of Wigmore Castie, 
was mortally wounded at the battle of Buelt, against the 
Welsh, 1 303, and his grandfather, Roger de Mortimer, was 
captain-general of all the king's forces in Wales and gov- 
ernor of Hereford Castle, and was on the side of Henry III. 
in his contest with his Barons, and rescued Prince Edward, 
and was gready instrumental in winning the batde of Eves- 
ham, August 4, 1265, by which the king was restored to 
his freedom and his crown. After the accession of Edward 
I. he continued to enjoy royal favor, and became very 
wealthy. In honor of the knighting by the king of his three 
sons he caused a tournament to be held, at his cost, at 
Kenilworth Castle, where he entertained a very large party 
of guests, for several days, more sumptuously than was 
ever before known in England, and began there the 
" round table'' and other celebrated follies which made him 
known the world over, and d, 1282. 

The wife of Roger de Mortimer (son of Ralph, fifth 
Baron Mortimer, d. 1 246, and his wife Gladuse-duy, daugh- 
ter of Llewellyn the Great, Prince of Wales) was Lady 
Maud, a daughter and coheiress of William, sixth Baron de 
Braose, of Brecknock, by his wife. Lady Eva Marshall, sister 
of William le Mareschall, one of the Sureties for the Magna 



242 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Charta, and daughter of William, Earl of Pembroke, Pro- 
tector of England, and his first wife, Lady Isabel de Clare, 
daughter of Richard the Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, 
lord justice of Ireland, son of Gilbert, Earl of Pembroke, d. 
1 149, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth de Beaumont, daughter 
of Robert, Earl of Mellent, and first Earl of Leicester, 
d. 1 1 18, by Lady Isabel (grandmother of the aforesaid 
Robert, third Earl of Leicester), daughter of Hugh Mag- 
nus, Count de Vermandois, a son of Henry I., King of 
France. 

Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G., aforesaid, was the eldest 
son of Guy, second Earl of Warwick, d. 131 5, son of Wil- 
liam, sixth Baron de Beauchamp, of Elmly, created Earl of 
Warwick, d. 1298, by his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of John 
Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz- 
Geoffrey, chief justice of Ireland, 1246, by his wife, Lady 
Isabel, daughter of Sir Ralph Bigod, third son of IfUOb 

£i^0^t ^"^ grandson of 'Rogct £i0O{)t ^^^ Sureties for 
the Magna Charta. 

Roger, second Baron Clifford, and Lady Maud had : 

9. Lady Catherine de Clifford, who m. Ralph, fifth 
Baron de Greystock, who was very active in the wars with 
the Scots, and was captured by George, Earl of Dunbar, 
and ransomed, d. 141 7, and had : 

10. Lady Maud de Greystock, who m. Eudo de Welles, 
d. V. /., eldest son of Sir John, fifth Baron de Welles, of 
Gainsby, knighted 47 Edward III., ambassador to Scotland, 
19 Richard II., d. 1421, and his wife. Lady Margery, sister of 
Sir Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, earl marshal of 
England, and daughter of John, fourth Baron de Mowbray, 
who served in the French wars, and was killed by Turks, 
near Constantinople, 1368, and his wife,* Lady Elizabeth, 
daughter and heiress of John, third Baron de Segrave, who 
took an active part in the wars of Edward III., d, 1353, and 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 243 

his wife Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, daughter and event- 
ually sole heiress of Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Nor- 
folk, earl marshal, etc., d. 1338, son of Edward L, King of 
England, by his second wife. Princess Margaret, daughter 
of Philip III., King of France, and his first wife. Princess 
Isabel, daughter of James I., King of Arragon. 

Milliam &C flDOWbrai^t ^ Surety for the Magna Charta, 
had by his wife. Lady Agnes, daughter of William d'Albini, 
Earl of Arundel and Sussex : Roger de Mowbray, second 
son, d. 1266, m. Lady Maud, daughter of William de Beau- 
champ, of Bedford, and had : Roger de Mowbray, d. 1 298, 
m. Lady Rose de Clare, and had : John de Mowbray, who 
took part in the insurrection of Thomas of Lancaster, was 
taken prisoner and executed at York in 132 1, m. Lady 
Aliva, daughter of William de Braose, of Gower, and had : 
John de Mowbray, third Baron, d. 1361, who was the father 
of the aforesaid John de Mowbray, d. 1368, by his wife, 
Lady Joan Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, third Earl of 
Lancaster, d. 1345, and his wife, Lady Maud,* eldest son of 
Edmund the Crouchback, Earl of Leicester, Lancaster, and 
Chester, high steward of England, d, 1295 (son of Henry 
III., King of England), and his second wife, Lady Blanche, 
widow of Henry I., King of Navarre, and daughter of 
Robert of Artois, a son of Louis VIII., King of France, 
by his wife, the Princess Blanche, daughter of Alphonso 
VIII., King of Castile, and Princess Eleanor Plantagenet, 
daughter of Henry II., King of England. 

CU0t&CC ^C lDC0Cit ^ Magna Charta Surety, had by his 
wife. Lady Margaret, a daughter of William the Lion, King 
of Scotland : William de Vesci, m. secondly. Lady Agnes, 

* She was daughter of Patrick, Baron de Chaworth, and his wife, Lady Isa- 
bel de Beauchamp, daughter of William, first Earl of Warwick, d. 1298, and 
his wife, Lady Maud Fitz-John, aforesaid, a lineal descendant of 1(U0b JSifiOd 
and VOfiCt J9idOO» Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



244 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, and had : 
William de Vesci, second son, appointed by Edward I. 
justice of the royal forests beyond Trent, governor of Scar- 
borough Castle, first Baron by writ, m. Lady Isabel, daugh- 
ter of Adam de Periton, and widow of Robert de Welles, 
and had : Lady Isabel, m. William de Welles, of Alford, 
and had : Adam, first Baron by writ, 1 299, whose second 
son. Sir Adam, third Baron, had: John, fourth Baron, d. 
1 36 1, who had: John, fifth Baron, d. 1421, m. Lady Mar- 
gery de Mowbray, and had: Eudo de Welles, eldest son 
d. V. /., who m. as aforesaid. Lady Maud de Greystock, and 
had: 

1 1. Lady Mary de Welles, sister to Sir Lionel, or Leo, 
sixth Lord Welles, lord lieutenant of Ireland, k. 1461, and 
Sir William de Welles, lord chief justice of Ireland, 1442, 
who m. John Laurence, of Rixton Manor, Lancastershire, 
returned to Parliament for Lancaster County, October 16, 
1 41 9. He was a commissioner for musters in Londale 
Wapentake, commission dated April 28, 6 Henry V., and 
had : 

12. Margaret Laurence, who m. her cousin, Robert 
Laurence (his nephew Sir Thomas, son of his brother. Sir 
James Laurence, of Standish, m. Lady Eleanor, a daughter 
of Sir Lionel, Lord Welles), eldest son of Sir Robert Lau- 
rence, of Ashton Hall, Lancastershire, member of Parlia- 
ment, 1459 (whose pedigree, beginning in 1 190, is preserved 
in the Herald's Visitation to Gloucestershire, 1682-3), and 
his wife, Amphibis, a daughter of Edward de Longford, 
Lancastershire, and had : 

13. William Lawrence, of Withington, 1509, and Sev- 
enhampton, which he bought, in Gloucestershire, Sea 
House, in Somersetshire, and Blackley Park and Norton, 
in Worcestershire. He also owned the manors of Staple 
Farm, New House, Upcot Farm, etc. His will was proved 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 245 

in 1559.* He m. before 15 18, Isabel, daughter of John 
Molineaux, of Sefton Manor and Chorly (Sorely), in Lan- 
cashire, and had : 

14. Edmund Lawrence, of Withington parish, Glouces- 
tershire, fourth son. His will dated August 30, 1558, 
proved January 10, 1559. He had issue by his wife Elea- 
nor, whose surname has not been preserved : 

15. John Lawrence, of St. Albans, in Hertfordshire. 
He was chief burgess in 1553, and mayor of St. Albans 
in 1567 and 1575, and had by his wife, whose name has not 
been preserved : 

16. William Lawrence, of St Albans, who m. there, 
November 25, 1559, Catherine Beamond, or Beaumont, and 
had: 

17. John Lawrence, 6api. at Abbey Church, St. Albans, 
January 12, 1 561-2, who had by his second wife, m. January 
25, 1586-7, Margaret Roberts: 

18. Thomas Lawrence, of St. Albans, second son, dapi. 
at St. Albans, February 2, 1588-9, d. March 20, 1624-5. 
He was an assistant of the borough of St Albans, 1622, 
and m. October 23, 1609, Joan, daughter of Walter and 
Joan Antrobus (Anterbus), of St. Albans. Joan m. sec- 
ondly, John Tuthill (or Tuttell), of Ipswich, and came with 
him to New England in April, 1635, bringing John, 6. 1618, 
and William, children of her first husband, Thomas Law- 
rence, of whom : 

19. William Lawrence, 6ap^. at St. Albans, July 27, 
1622, d. 1680 (no will). In 1645 ^^ ^^^ ^s brother John, 
who was one of the patentees of Hampstead, Long Island, 
New York, obtained the patent of Flushing, Long Island, 

* In the Herald's pedigree (Gloucestershire Visitations, 1682) he is given as 
son of John, the son of the aforesaid \^lliam and Margaret, but by Sir 
Thomas Phillips, in the pedigree of Lawrence, of Sevenhampton, as brother to 
John, son of Robert. 



246 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

New York, from the Dutch Governor Keift, and were of 
the number to whom the confirmatory patent was issued by 
Governor NicoU, in 1666. He was a magistrate of Flush- 
ing, 1655, and one of its largest land-owners ; was a member 
of the governor's council, 1 700 ; captain of a foot company, 
1665 ; high sheriff, 1673 ; justice of the North Riding, 1675. 
He m. secondly, March 4, 1664-5, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard Smith (she m. secondly, Philip Carteret, governor 
of New Jersey, and m. thirdly. Colonel Richard Townley, 
of Elizabeth, New Jersey, which city was so named in her 
honor by her second husband), and had by her : 

20. William Lawrence, of Flushing, Long Island, d, 
1 7 19 (N. Y. Wills, ix. 152), having issue by his wife Debo- 
rah, d. 1743 (N. Y. Wills, XV. 47), daughter of Richard 
Smith: 

21. Samuel Lawrence, of Blackstone, Long Island, d. 
1760 (N. Y. Wills, xxii. 148), having issue by his wife Mary, 
d. 1782 (N. Y. Wills, xxxvii. 230), daughter of Thomas 
Hicks : 

22. Augustine Lawrence, of New York, b. 1727, d. 
April, 1794 (N. Y. Wills, xli. 285), having issue by his wife 
Johanna, b. August 20, 1729, d. May, 1809, daughter of 
Wynant Van Zant : 

23. Augustine Hicks Lawrence, of New York, b. 1769, 
d. September 10, 1828 (N. Y. Wills, Ixii. 262, and New 
\oT\i Evening Post y September 11, 1828), having issue by 
his wife Catherine, b. April 23, 1771 (King s County, N. Y. 
Wills, iii. i), daughter of Abraham Luqueer : 

24. Augustine Nicholas Lawrence, of New York, b. 
December i, 1794, d. March 28, 1872, who m. secondly, 
May 4, 1846, Frances J., b, February 6, 18 10, d. October 5, 
1895, daughter of Joseph Powell, and had : 

25. Joseph Dangerfield Lawrence, of New York, b. 
February 2, 1850, who m. June 17, 1874, Margaretta La 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 247 

Forge, b. May 9, 1856, daughter of Peter Clarkson La 
Forge, and had : 

26. Robert Cutting Lawrence, of New York, b. April 
20, 1875, a inember of the Society of Colonial Wars, and 
one of the founders of the Order of Runnemede. He m. 
January 30, 1896, Jessie, b. July 27, 1875, daughter of Ed- 
ward and Laura (Perry) Monteath. 

Arms. — Ar.^ a cross ragtUy^ gu., an a chief of the second^ 
a lion passant gttardant^ or. 

Crest — A demi-turboty coupedy tail upwardy in pale^ gu. 

Motto. — In cruce solus. 



^ b 



z 

H 

z 

Z 
fiu 

H 

CO 

O 

U4 
U4 

O 
5 

fiu 

Z 
H 



Mill 



s s t 

s s s 



I 

41 



a O O 

4 s s 

^ p^ p^ i-t I-) I-) s 



I 



1 

•8 

■8 -8 •« ^rl 



. >' >' 1 1 1 ^ 

■8 -8 jip 

^_|_2-|-|JJ ' 
^ ^ J 1 3 2. 




^ 8 w 



ii . - * «S I 

2 -s •« -8 ?r*^ 



m^-i-i-ii-F 



k 



Stephen Whitney 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John de Lade, 

Roger Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Gilbert de Clare, Saher de Quincey, 

Richard de Clare, Eustace de Vesd. 

I- *ROdCt £i0O^t ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for the observance 
of the Magna Charta, second Earl of Norfolk, had by his 
wife, Lady Isabel Plantagenet, daughter of Hameline, Earl 
of Surrey : 

2. MUOb £idObt ^"^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, and third Earl of Norfolk, who had by his wife. 
Lady Maud Marshall, daughter of William, Earl of Pem- 
broke : 

3. Sir Ralph Bigod, third son, who had by his wife. 
Lady Berta de Fumival : 

4. Lady Isabel Bigod, who m. first, Gilbert de Lacie, 
d. V. p. (son of Walter de Lacie, the celebrated lord of 
Meath, in Ireland, who d. 1241), and had by him : 

5. Lady Maud de Lacie, widow of Peter de Geneva, 
who m. 1254, Geoffrey de Genevill, lord of Trim Castle, 
Ireland, and had : 

6. Peter de Genevill, who m. Lady Joan, daughter of 
Hugh le Brune, Earl of Angoulfeme, and had : 

7. Lady Joan de Genevill, who m. Roger de Morti- 
mer, of Wigmore, second Baron by writ, 1 299-1 326, the 
favorite of Isabel^ consort of King Edward II., created Earl 

17 349 



250 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

of March; impeached before Parliament and convicted under 
various charges, he was executed, and had : 

8. Lady Joan de Mortimer, who m. James d'Audley, 
K.G., Baron Audley, one of Edward III/s noted generals, 
d. 1386, and had: 

9. Lady Joan d* Audley, m. Sir John Touchet, and 
had: 

10. John Touchet d' Audley, who m. Lady Margery 
Mortimer, daughter of Roger, K.G., Baron de Mortimer, 
of Wigmore, restored to the earldom of March, 26 Edward 
III., d. 1360 (and his wife. Lady Philippa, daughter of Wil- 
liam de Montacute, first Earl of Salisbury), son and heir of 
Sir Edmund, Baron de Mortimer, d. 1331 (and his wife. 
Lady Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress of Bartholomew the 
Rich, Baron Badlesmere, of Leeds Castle, in Kent), and Lady 
Margaret de Clare, eldest son of the unfortunate Roger, 
Earl of March, aforesaid. 

Lady Margaret de Clare, aforesaid, was the daughter of 
Thomas, son of Thomas de Clare, governor of London, 
1274, son of Richard, Earl of Clare, Hertford, and Glouces- 
ter, d. 1262 (and his second wife. Lady Maud, daughter of 
30bn t)C ISCiCt one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, 
by his second wife, m. 1232, Lady Margaret, daughter of 
Robert, d. v. /., second son of SSbCt bC (SlUittCC^t ^^^ ^^ 
the Sureties for the Magna Charta), son of (BilbCft bC 
ClarCt and grandson of *Ricbarb be ClatCt both Sureties 
for the Magna Charta, and Earls of Hertford. 

Sir John Touchet and the Lady Margery had : 

11. Sir John Touchet, first Baron d* Audley by writ, 
1405, who m. Lady Eleanor de Holland, and had : 

12. Lady Constance Touchet, who m. Robert de Whit- 
ney, of Predwarden, and had : 

13. Hugh de Whitney, of The Hay, Hereford, and 
Bramhall, Chester, 1551, who m. Constance, daughter of 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 251 

Richard Vaun, of Leckryd, and his wife Constance, daugh- 
ter of Griffith Preis, and had : 

14. Richard Whitney, of Bramhall, Chester, d. 1549, 
who m. Mary, daughter of Owen Parry, of Bredwardyn, or 
Predwarden, by Margery, daughter and heiress of Thomas 
Vaughn, and had : 

15. John Whitney, of Audlem, in Chester, and Grimdon, 
in Stafford, who had by his wife, whose surname has not 
been preserved : 

16. Nicholas Whitney, of Leeke, Staffordshire, and 

Brooke- Walden, Essex, d. before 1 590, who m. Mary , 

of Brooke- Walden, d. 1 590, and had : 

17. George Whitney, d. before 1604, who m. Penelope, 
daughter of William and Penelope Pardoe, of Walden, in 
Essex, and had : 

18. Thomas Whitney, the younger, of Northchurch, St. 
Mary, and Berkhampstead, in Herts, d. March 5, 1624, 
who m. Jane, daughter of Thomas Warne, of Walden, d. 
1627, and had : 

19. Thomas Whitney, of Berkhampstead, St. Mary, or 
Northchurch, Herts, d. 1659 I will proved May 4, 1659 ; who 
m. Mary, daughter of John Roach, and had : 

20. Henry Whitney, who came to New England in 
1635. He resided and died at Norwalk, Connecticut; will 
dated June 5, 1672; inventory of his estate taken No- 
vember 8, 1673. In his aunt's (Mrs. Anne Roberts, of 
Borrington, Herts, father's sister) will, dated October 4, 
1655, proved at Hitchin, December 25, 1655, and also in his 
father's will, he is mentioned as " living in New England." 
His son : 

21. John Whitney, of Norwalk, Connecticut, b. before 
1644, ^« before October 11, 1720, m. March 17, 1674-5, 
Elizabeth, d. after April 30, 1741, daughter of Richard 
Smith, of Norwalk, and had : 



252 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

22. JosiAH Whitney, of Norwalk, d. 1750, m. October 
30, 1729, Eunice, daughter of Eleazer and Hannah Hanford, 
of Norwalk, and had : 

23. Henry Whitney, of Derby, Connecticut, b. February 
19, 1735-6, d. May i, 181 1, m. 1761, Eunice, b. April 15, 
1746, d. August 21, 1794, daughter of William and Hannah 
Clark, of Derby, and had : 

24. Stephen Whitney, of New York City, b. Derby, 
September 14, 1776, d. February 16, i860, who m. August 
4, 1803, at Newtown, Long Island, New York, Harriet, b. 
September i, 1782, d. May 12, i860, daughter of Hendrick 
and Phoebe (Skidmore) Suydam, of Hallett's Cove, Long 
Island, and had : 

25. Henry Whitney, of New Haven, Connecticut, b. 
New York, August 23, 181 2, d. March 21, 1856, who m. 
first, January 27, 1835, Hannah Eugenia, b. New York, 
January 27, 1815, £/. March 16, 1844, daughter of Isaac 
Lawrence and his wife Anna, daughter of Rev. Abraham 
Beach, D.D., of New York. 

Isaac Lawrence was a descendant of Captain John Law- 
rence, of Newtown, Long Island, high sheriff of Queens 
County, New York, 1698, d. 1729, a son of Captain Thomas 
Lawrence, a patentee of Newtown, 1645, d. 1703, son of 
Thomas Lawrence, of St. Albans, Hertfordshire, d. 1624, 
second son of John Lawrence, of St. Albans, bapt. 1561, 
son of William Lawrence, of St. Albans, Herts, and St. 
lyes, Huntingdonshire, high sheriff of Huntingdon and 
Cambridge shires, son of John Lawrence, mayor of St. 
Albans, 1567 and 1575, son of Edmund Lawrence, of 
Whittington, Gloucestershire, d. 1582, fourth son of Wil- 
liam Lawrence, of Sevenhampton, Gloucestershire, d. 1559, 
son of Robert Lawrence, and his wife, Margaret, daughter 
of John Lawrence, of Rixton Manor, Lancashire, by his 
wife. Lady Mary, daughter of Eudo de Welles, d. v. p. (and 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 253 

his wife, Lady Maud de Greystock),* eldest son of Sir 
John, fifth Baron Welles, of Gainsby, d, 1422, and his wife. 
Lady Eleanor, daughter of John, fourth Baron de Mowbray, 
of Axholme, the son of John, third Baron, d. 1361 (and his 
wife. Lady Joan Plantagenetf), the son of John, second 
Baron, d. 1321, son of Roger, first Baron by writ, d. 1298, 
the son of Roger, d. 1266, second son of IKIliUiant bC 
(DOWbtS^t ^"^ ^^ ^^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Sir John, fifth Baron de Welles, aforesaid, d. 1422, was 
the son of John, fourth Baron, d. 1361, son of Sir Adam, d. 
1345, son of Adam de Welles, first Baron by writ in 1299, 
son of William de Welles, lord of Alford, in Lincolnshire, 
and his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of William de Vesci, d. 
1297, son of William de Vesci, d. 1253 (and his second wife, 
Lady Agnes, daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, 
and his first wife. Lady Sibil, a daughter of William, Earl 
of Pembroke, and sister of William Marshall, a Magna 



* She was a daughter of Ralph de Greystock, d, 141 7, and his wife, Lady 
Catherine, daughter of Roger de Clifford, d, 1390, and his wife Lady Maud, 
daughter of Sir Thomas de Beauchamp, third Earl of Warwick, son of Guy, 
second Earl, son of William, first Earl, and his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of 
John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz-Geoffrey, chief 
justice of Ireland, 1246, by his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of Sir Ralph, third son 
of Wtt0b JSidOd» the son of 'Kogct JSt0Od, both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Roger de Clifford, aforesaid, was the son of Robert de Clifford, of Appleby, 
and his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of Thomas, third son of Thomas, second 
son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d, 1262 (son of 
<3ilbett De Clate, the son of llfcbatD De Clate, both Sureties for the Magna 
Charta), by his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of ^obtt De Xade, a Surety for the 
Magna Charta, and his wife. Lady Margaret, daughter of Robert, eldest son of 
Sabet De (StUinceiS, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

f She was the daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, d, 1345, a descendant 
of Louis VIII. , King of France, and Henry III., King of England, and 
his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of Patrick de Chaworth and his wife. Lady 
Isabel, daughter of William de Beauchamp, first Earl of Warwick, and his 
wife. Lady Maud Fitz-John, a descendant of Wttflb JSiflODt and 'Kofiet JSiflODt 
both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



254 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Charta Surety), son of j£\X0tSlCC t)C \)C0Cif a Magna Charta 
Surety. 

Henry Whitney had by his wife, Hannah Lawrence : 

26. Stephen Whitney, of New Haven, Connecticut, a 
member of the Society of Colonial Wars, and a founder of 
the Order of Runnemede, 6. New Haven, October 20, 1841. 
He served in the army during the Civil War as first lieuten- 
ant in the Fourth United States Artillery, August 5, 1861- 
November 12, 1863. He m. in New York, April 27, 1864, 
Margaret Lawrence, daughter of Bradish and Louisa Anna 
(Lawrence) Johnson, of New York. 

Arms. — Az., a cross chequy^ or and sa. 

Crest. — A btUVs head, couped, sa. armed ar.^ the paints 

gu. 

Motto. — Magnanitniter crucem sustine. 



Morgan G. Bulkeley 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Roger Bigod, Hugh Bigod. 

!• *ROdCt £idOi)t ^^^ ^^ ^^^ Sureties for the observance 
of the Magna Charta, Earl of Norfolk, d. 5 Henry III., had 
by his first wife, Lady Isabel de Warren, daughter of Ham- 
eline Plantagenet, Earl of Warren and Surrey : 

2- 11U0b £i0Obt ^l<^6st son and heir, also one of the 
Sureties for the Magna Charta, second Earl of Norfolk, d. 
1225, who had by his wife. Lady Maud (or Matilda), daugh- 
ter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, one of the ad- 
visers of King John, and Protector of England during the 
nonage of Henry III., and sister of William Marshall, one of 
the Sureties for the Magna Charta : 

3. Sir Hugh Bigod, second son, chief ranger of Fame-, 
dale, 1255, governor of Castle Pickering. He was ap- 
pointed, June 22, 41 Henry III., 1257, justiciary of England 
and governor of the Tower of London and of Dover Castle, 
and chamberlain of Sandwich. He resigned the office of 
chief justice in 1260, and, dying before November 7, 1266, he 
had issue by his first wife, Joan, daughter of Robert Burnet : 

4. Sir John Bigod, second son, and heir at law of his 
elder brother, Roger Bigod, the last Earl of Norfolk, who 
d. s.p. 1307. Sir John was unjustly deprived of his inher- 
itance by Earl Roger making a complete surrender of his 

255 



256 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

honors and estates to the crown. He had by his wife, whose 
name has not been preserved : 

5. Roger Bigod, lord of Settrington, youngest son, whose 
daughter : 

6. Joan Bigod, m. Sir William de Chauncy, the last feudal 
Baron of Skirpenbeck, in Yorkshire. He was the eldest son 
of Thomas de Chauncy, lord of the manors of Skirpenbeck, 
Willington, Thoralby, etc., who, in 1358, paid twenty marks 
for ** leave to enfeoff William, prima genitutny and Johannam, 
daughter of Roger Bygot," with rectine, lands, etc., in Tho- 
ralby and Skirpenbeck, and the next year he did enfeoff 
William and Joan with a part of the manor of Skirpenbeck. 
Sir William obtained license, 1 399, to alienate Skirpenbeck 
and to purchase estates in Stepney, Middlesex, and received 
from Richard 11. confirmation of his charter and liberties. 
Sir William de Chauncy and Joan had : 

7. John Chauncy, of Stepney, near London, eldest son, 
who, dying in February, 1444-5, ^^^ issue by his wife Mar- 
gery, or Margaret, daughter and coheiress of William Gif- 
ford, of Gedleston : 

8. John Chauncy, eldest son, d. May 7, 1479, and buried 
in the church of Sawbridgeworth, Herts. He m. Anne, 
daughter of John Leventhorp, of Shingey HalK and had : 

9. John Chauncy, eldest son, d, June 8, 15 10. He had 
by his wife, a daughter of Thomas Boyce : 

10. John Chauncy, of Pishobury manor, son and heir, d. 
June 4, 1546. He m. Elizabeth (Proffit), widow of Richard 
Mansfield, and had : 

11. Henry Chauncy, second son and heir, who inherited 
ten manors, located in the counties of Kent, Sussex, Hert- 
ford, and Essex. He resided on his manor of Gifford, or 
Gelston, Herts, where he erected a mansion, called " New 
Place," and d. April 14, 1587. He had by his wife Lucy, 
whose surname has not been preserved : 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 257 

1 2. George Chauncy, of New Place, Herts, second son 
and eventual heir, who succeeded his father in the manors 
of Gifford, Nether Hall, etc. He m. first, Jane, daughter 
and heiress of John Cornwall, of Stebbing, Essex, and be- 
came possessed of Yardley and other manors. He m. sec- 
ondly, Anne (or Agnes), daughter of Edward Welsh, of 
Great Wymondly, and widow of Edward Humberston, and, 
dying in 1625 (buried at Barking, Essex), had by her: 

13. Rev. Charles Chauncy, fifth son, and third son of 
the second wife, dapi. and registered in Yardley Bury Church, 
Herts, November 5, 1592. He was a Fellow of Trinity 
College, Cambridge, and came to New England in May, 
1638, and was the pastor at Scituate, Massachusetts, 1641, 
and November 29, 1654, was installed as the second presi- 
dent of Harvard College, with a salary of one hundred 
pounds per annum. He d. February 19, 1671-2, having 
issue by his wife, whom he m. in England, March 1 7, 1 630, 
Catherine, d. March 23, 1667, aged sixty-six, daughter of 
Robert Eyre, of Sarum, Wilts, by his wife Agnes, or Anne, 
daughter of Rev. John Still, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 
I 592-1 607: 

14. Sarah Chauncy, eldest daughter, 6. at Ware, Eng- 
land, June 13, 1631, iapi. June 22, d. June 9, 1699. She m. 
October 26, 1659, Rev. Gershom Bulkeley, 6. December, 
1636, son of Rev. Peter Bulkeley, of Concord, Massachu- 
setts, a Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, England, 
and his wife Grace, daughter of Sir Richard Chetwood. He 
was graduated at Harvard College, 1655, was minister at 
New London, Connecticut, and Wethersfield, Connecticut, 
and then became a physician, practising in Glastonbury, 
Connecticut, and served as surgeon in an Indian war, and, 
dying December 2, 1 7 1 3, had issue by Sarah Chauncy : 

15. Rev. John Bulkeley, who was graduated at Harvard 
College in 1 699, and was minister at Colchester, Connecti- 



258 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

cut, 1703, d. June, 1731. He m. 1701, Patience, daughter 
of John and Sarah Prentice, of New London, Connecticut, 
and had : 

16. John Bulkeley, b. April 19, 1705, second child, m. 
October 29, 1 738, Mrs. Mary (Adams) Gardiner, and had : 

1 7. Eliphalet Bulkeley, b. 1 746, fifth child, who m. Anna 
Bulkeley, and had : 

18. John Charles Bulkeley, b. 1772, third child, who m. 
1 798, Sally Taintor, and had : 

19. Eliphalet Adams Bulkeley, b. 1803, third child, who 
m. 1 830, Lydia S. Morgan, and had : 

20. Morgan Gardner Bulkeley, of Hartford, Connecti- 
cut, b. December 26, 1837, at East Haddam, third child. 
He was eight years mayor of Hartford, and was elected 
governor of Connecticut in November, 1888. He is a mem- 
ber of the Society of Colonial Wars, the Society Mayflower 
Descendants, the Military Order of Foreign Wars of the 
United States, the Society of the War of 181 2, the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion, the Society Sons of the Revo- 
lution, the Society Sons of the American Revolution, and 
the Grand Army of the Republic, and a founder of the 
Order of Runnemede. Hew. 1885, Fannie Briggs Hough- 
ton, of San Francisco, California, and had Morgan Gardner, 
b. December 25, 1885 ; Elinor Houghton, b. April 7, 1893 ; 
and Houghton, b. August 9, 1896. 

Arms. — Sa., a chevron between three bulls' heads ^ cabossedy 

or. 
Crest. — Out of a ducal coronet, or, a bull's head, ar., 

armed of the first. 
Motto. — Nee temere, nee timide. 






a^^^ 



A 



George Alexander Lyman 

¥ 

Descent from the Surety for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Saher de Quincey. 

I- Saber &e (SlUince^t ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Winchester, m. Lady Margaret de Beau- 
mont, daughter of Robert-blanchemaines, third Earl of 
Leicester, lord high steward of England, d. 1190. He was 
the son of Robert-bossu, second Earl of Leicester, a stanch 
supporter of the interests of Henry I. and II., lord justice 
of England, d. 1 1 67, son of Robert de Bellemont, or Beau- 
mont, Earl of Mellent, who came to England with the Con- 
queror, and greatly contributed to the victory at Hastings, 
and was rewarded with ninety-one lordships, and was cre- 
ated by Henry I. Earl of Leicester, and in his latter days 
became a monk, and d. in the Abbey of Preaux in 11 18. 
His wife was Lady Isabel, or Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh 
Magnus, Count of Vermandois and Valois, son of Henry 
I., King of France, by his wife Anne, daughter of Jaroslaus, 
Czar of Russia, 10 1 5-105 1. 

Saher de Quincey and Lady Margaret had: 

2. Roger de Quincey, second son, who succeeded as 

Earl of Winchester, constable of Scotland, jure uxoris, d. 

in 1264, when the earldom became extinct. He ;». Lady 

Helen, eldest daughter and coheiress of Alan McDonal, 

lord of Galloway, constable of Scotland, d. 1233, by his 

259 



26o THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

wife, Lady Margaret, sister of Derverguile, mother of John 
Baliol, and sister of Isabel, mother of King Robert Bruce, 
and daughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon, brother of 
William the Lion, King of Scots, son of Henry, Earl of 
Northumberland, d. v. p. 1152, eldest son of David I., King 
OF Scotland, (by his wife. Lady Matilda, daughter of Wal- 
theof. Earl of Northampton and Northumberland, beheaded 
in 1075, son of Syward the Saxon), son of Malcolm-can- 
more, King of Scotland, and his wife, Princess Margaret, 
daughter of Prince Edward, the exile, eldest son of Edmund 
Ironsides, King of England. 

Roger de Quincey and Lady Helen had : 

3. Lady Elizabeth de Quincey, third daughter and 
coheiress, who m. Alexander, Baron Cumyn, second Earl 
of Buchan, who acted a conspicuous part in the busy reigns 
of Kings Alexander II. and III. He was one of the guar- 
antees of the peace with England in 1 244 ; was appointed 
justiciary of Scotland, 1251 ; constable of Scotland, y«r^ 
uxoris, 1270; was one of the guardians of Scotland, 1286, 
and d, in 1289. Their third daughter: 

4. Lady Agnes Cumyn, m. Gilbert d'Umfraville, of Rid- 
desdale and Harbottle, in Northumberland, and had : 

5. Gilbert d'Umfraville, Earl of Angus, jure uxoris, so 
summoned to Parliament by writ, January 26, 1 297. He was 
governor of the castles of Dundee and Forfar, and of the 
whole territory of Angus, in 1291, when the competitors for 
the crown of Scotland agreed that seisin of that kingdom and 
its fortifications should be delivered to King Edward of 
England. On this occasion, Gilbert d'Umfraville declared 
that he had received his castles in charge from the Scottish 
nation, and that he would not surrender them to the English 
unless King Edward and all the competitors entered into an 
obligation to indemnify him. They submitted finally to these 
conditions, and "Angus was the only nobleman in all Scot- 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 26l 

land who acted with integrity and spirit on this trial of 
national integrity and spirit." He m. Matilda, Countess of 
Angus, widow of John Cumyn, and daughter of Malcolm, 
Eari of Angus, and, dying in 1307, was succeeded by his 
eldest son : 

6. Robert d'Umfr/vville, second Eari of Angus, of new 
creation, b. 1274-5, d. 1326, second and surviving son. 
He was appointed by Edward II., of England, joint guar- 
dian of Scotland, with William, Lord Ros, 1308, and sole 
guardian of the kingdom, August 26, 1309. He was for- 
feited by King Robert Bruce, but was one of the com- 
missioners to treat with Bruce for a truce, 1 1 Edward II. 
He had by his second wife, Lady Alianore, whose sur- 
name has not been preserved (she m. secondly, Robert 
Mauduit) : 

7. Sir Thomas d'Umfraville, second son by second 
wife (half-brother of Gilbert, third Earl of Angus), who 
succeeded by special entail to the casde of Harbottle, and 
the manor of Otterburn, estates of his half-brother, to 
whom he was next heir male. He m. Joan, daughter of 
Adam de Rodam, in Northumberland, and had : 

8. Sir Thomas d'Umfraville, of Riddesdale and Kyme, 
second son, brother of Sir Robert d'Umfraville, K.G., 
d. s. p. 1436. He had by his wife. Lady Agnes, whose 
surname has not been preserved : 

9. Lady Joan d'Umfraville, second daughter, sister of 
Gilbert d'Umfraville, styled Earl of Kyme, k. s. p. in the 
French wars, in 1422, who m. Sir William Lambert, of 
Owlton, in Durham, and Harbotde, in Northumberland, 
who was of royal descent in the following line : 

Robert the Pious, King of France, was the father of 
Almaric de Montfort, whose son, Simon de Montfort, had : 
Lady Isabel, who m. Ralph de Toni, lord of Flamsted, d. 
1 1 42 (eldest son of Ralph de Toni, standard bearer to 



262 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

William of Normandy, and his wife, Lady Alice, daughter 
of William Fitz-Osborne, Count of Bretville, the king's lieu- 
tenant and steward, in Normandy, first Earl of Hereford), 
and had : Lady Alianore de Toni, who m. Sir Randulphus 
Lambert, who was with the Conqueror at the battle of 
Hastings, and for his services received grants of manors in 
Yorkshire, his chief seat being at Skipton, and had : Sir 
Hugh Lambert, second feudal lord of Skipton, temp. 
Henry I., who m. Lady Maud, daughter of Peter de Ros, 
of Holdemess, ^. 1157, and his wife. Lady Adeline, sister 
of the celebrated Walter d'Espec, lord of Hamelake, and 
had : Sir Henry Lambert, of Skipton, temp. Stephen, from 
whom was descended Sir Thomas Lambert, who m. Lady 
Joan d'Umfraville, and had : 

10. Robert Lambert, of Owlton, or Owton, Durham, 
who had : 

11. Henry Lambert, of High Ongar, Essex, temp, 1447, 
whose heiress : 

12. Elizabeth Lambert, m. about 1488, Thomas Lyman, 
of Navistoke and Westersfield, or Wethersfield, Essex, 
1 486, d. 1 509, son of John Lyman, a citizen and merchant 
of London, temp. Henry V., who purchased lands at Navi- 
stoke and Wethersfield, by Joanna, daughter and heiress of 
Roger Trethewy, of Southampton, and had : 

13. Henry Lyman, eldest son, of Navistoke, Westers- 
field, and High Ongar, in Essex, living in 15 17, who m. 
Alicia, daughter of Simon Hyde, of Wethersfield, Essex, 
and had : 

14. John Lyman, eldest son, of High Ongar and Navi- 
stoke, at which latter place he died in 1587, having issue by 
his wife Margaret, daughter of William Gerard, of Beau- 
champ, St. Paul, Essex : 

15. Henry Lyman, eldest son, of High Ongar and Navi- 
stoke, living in 1 598, d. about 1 609, who m. secondly, Phillis, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 263 

daughter of John Scott, of Navistoke (she m. secondly, 
Ralph Greene, of High Ongar, and was living as his widow 
in 1629), and had: 

16. Richard Lyman, b. at High Ongar, 1580; came to 
Charlestown, New England, in 1631 (his brother Henry, bapL 
June 7, 1 59 1, came with him and d. s. p.) ; settled at Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts, 1635; was one of the founders of 
Hartford, Connecticut, 1 635-6, where he cl. in 1640. He m. 
before 161 7, Sarah Osborne, of Halsted, Kent, and had 
by her, who d. at Hartford, in 1 640 : 

17. Richard Lyman, of Northampton, Massachusetts, 6. 
1617, d. 1662, m. Hepzibah Ford, of Windsor, Connecticut, 
and had : 

18. John Lyman, of Northampton, Massachusetts, 6. 1655, 
d. 1727, m. Abigail , and had : 

19. Joshua Lyman, of Northfield, Massachusetts, 6. 1704, 
d. 1777, m. Sarah Norman, of Sheffield, Connecticut. He 
was in Captain Dwight's company from Fort Dummer in 
the spring of 1725, — Father Ralle's War. After the estab- 
lishment of the trading-post at Fort Dummer he became 
fourth officer, and afterwards had the title of lieutenant, and 
had issue: 

20. Seth Lyman, of Northfield, Massachusetts, 6. Feb- 
ruary I, 1736, d. October 14, 18 17, m. Eunice Graves, of 
Sunderland, Massachusetts. He served as corporal in 
Captain John Burk's company, Colonel Timothy Ruggles's 
regiment, in the expedition to Ticonderoga and Crown 
Point, March 31-December 25, 1759. He was also a pri- 
vate in Captain Allen's company, Colonel Fellow's regiment, 
Continental Army, dating from October 7, 1775, and went 
with the army to Quebec in September, 1776. His name 
appears on the Continental army rolls as late as February 
7, 1779. He served with the rank of sergeant in Captain 
Samuel Merriman's company, Phineas Wright's regiment 



264 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

(Sixth Hampshire Regiment) in the expedition to North- 
em Department in 1777. His company took part in the 
battle of Saratoga, and he was present at Burgoyne's 
surrender, October 27, 1777. Seth and Eunice Lyman 
had: 

21. Tertius Lyman, of Winchester, New Hampshire, b. 
1 76 1, d. 18 — , m. Hannah (Alexander) Foster, of Winches- 
ter, New Hampshire, and had : 

22. Tertius Alexander Lyman, of Winchester, New 
Hampshire, b. March 13, 18 12. He moved to Lee Centre, 
Illinois, in 1856, where he still resides. He m. March 13, 
1834, Sarah P. Codding, who died February 15, 1898, aged 
eighty-eight years, and had : 

23. George Alexander Lyman, of Amboy, Illinois, one of 
the founders of the Order of Runnemede, b. June 26, 1839, 
at Winchester, New Hampshire. He moved to Lee County, 
Illinois, in March, 1856; is now editor and proprietor of the 
Amboy youmal ; was among the first to offer his services 
to his country in the war of the Rebellion ; in February, 
1865, raised a company of twenty-nine volunteers to fill the 
quota of the town of Bradford, Lee County, Illinois ; is a 
member of several patriotic societies, and Lecturer for the 
American Institute of Civics ; m. 1866, Mary E. Jones, and 
has two children : 

James Alexander Lyman, A.B. and A.M., Beloit Col- 
lege, Beloit, Wisconsin, and Ph.D., Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity, Baltimore, Maryland, b. October 17, 1866; professor 
of chemistry in Portland Academy, Portland, Oregon ; 
m. June 7, 1897, ^^^ Ethel Anna Skinner, of Portland, 
Oregon. 

George Richard Lyman, b. December i, 1871 ; gradu- 
ated from Beloit College, Beloit, Wisconsin, June, 1894; 
B.A., Harvard University, 1897. Graduate student in biol- 
ogy at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts^ 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 265 

and assistant in the botanical department under Professor 
Farlow. 

Arms. — Per chevron, gu. and ar., in base an annulet of the 

first. 
Or, 
Arms. — Quarterly, 1 and 4, per chevron, gu. andcus., in bcLse 

an annulet of the first, for Lyman ; 2, gu.^ a 

chevron between three lambs, ar., for Lambert; 

3, quarterly erm. and gu., over all a cross, or, 

for Osborne. 
Crest. — Lyman : A demi-btdl, ar., attired and hoofed^ or, 

langued, gu. 
Motto. — Quodverum tutum. 



18 



THE PEDIGREE OF FREDERICK H. WINSTON. 



RolMTt de Vera. 



HugfadeV 
RoDcrt de Vera. 
Joftn de Vere. 
Alice de Warren. 
Richard 



Saber de 
Qniocey. 

, Hawiaede 
' Quincey. 



Rofer Blgod. 
Hagli Bigod. 

Ralph Bigod. 
Isabel Bigod. 
John Fits- John. 
Maud Fiu-Jdu. 

Isaod de Beanchamp. 

I 
Maad de Chaworth. 



RIclwrd de Clare. 
Qllbert de Clare. 

Isabel de Oare. 
Robert Bruce. 



Willian 
de Lanvallel. 

Hawise de Lanyalld 

John de Burgh. 

Margaret de Burgh. 



King Robert I.,7>Elixabeth de Burgh. 



F1t«-Alan-»Eieanor Plantagenet. 



AUce Fltx-Alan. 

Maipuet HoIland<>|-John de Beaufort. 

r 



Matilda Brace. 
Joanna Isaac. 

Isabel d'Ergadia-pJohn Stewart. 



Joan de Beaufort , widow of King James I., ■■ James Stewart, the Black Knight, of Lorn. 
Jo hn Stewart, Earl of Athol," -Lady Eleanor Sindair. 

John Stewart, Earl of Athol,^Lady Mary CampbelL 

I 

Lady Isabel Stewart--Kenneth Mackensie, lord of Kintail. 



Agnes Mackenzie7*Ladilan*mohr Macintosh, chief of Qan Chattan. 



Wi, 



iiliam 



Macintosh, of Bar1um,-7Elizabeth Innes. 



r 



T«arhlan-mohr Macintosh«"Anne 



-, second wife. 



John-mdur Macintosh, of Geotgia, 1733 ; d. z76z,--Maijory Fraser. 

I 

Maj.-Gcn. I^chlan Mcintosh, z737^z8o6,-^«Sarah Treadcroft 

I ' 

John Hampden McIntosh--Charlotte Nephew. 



Mary McIntosWRev. Dennis M. Winston, 



Frederick Hampton Winston, of Chicago, 111. 



Frederick Hampden Winston 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, William de Lanvallei, 

Roger Bigod, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Vere. 
Richard de Clare, 

1. "Robert ^e IPere, third Earl of Oxford, one of the 
Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta, d. 1221, 
had by his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of Hugh de Bolebec, 
d. 1 261 : 

2. Hugh de Vere, fourth Earl of Oxford, great high 
chamberlain of England, d. 1263. He m. Lady Hawyse, 

daughter of SftbCt ^e (SlUittCei^t ^^^ ^^ ^^^ Sureties for 
the observance of the Magna Charta, Earl of Winchester, 
d. 1 219, and had: 

3. Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, d. 1296, who 
had by his wife, Lady Alice, daughter of Gilbert, Baron de 
Saundford, chamberlain-in-fee to Eleanor, queen consort of 
Henry III. : 

4. Lady Joan de Vere, who m. William de Warren, 
d. v.p. December 15, 1286, son of John, seventh Earl of 
Warren and Surrey, d. 1304, son of William, sixth Earl, 
and his second wife, Lady Maud Marshall, widow of Hugh 
Bigod, a Surety for the Magna Charta, and a sister of Wil- 
liam le Mareschal, also one of the Sureties for the Magna 

Charta, and had : 

267 



268 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

5. Lady Alice de Warren, who m. 1305, Edmund Fitz- 
Alan, K.B., eighth Earl of Arundel, beheaded in 1326, and 
had: 

6. Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., ninth Earl of Arundel, and 
seventh Earl of Surrey, d. January 24, 1375-6, who ;»., as 
his second wife, and her second husband, Lady Eleanor 
Plantagenet, d. January 11, 1372, daughter of Henry, Earl 
of Lancaster, d. 1345, son of Edmund, Earl of Leicester, 
Lancaster, and Chester, high steward of England, d. 1 295, 
the son of Henry III., King of England, and his wife. 
Lady Eleanor de Provence. 

The Earl of Lancaster's wife. Lady Maud, was a daughter 
of Patrick de Chaworth, d. s. p. m. 1282, and his wife, Lady 
Isabel, daughter of William, sixth Baron de Beauchamp, of 
Elmley, created Earl of Warwick, d. 1298, by his wife, Lady 
Maud, widow of Gerard de Furnival, and daughter of John 
Fitz-John, justiciary of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz- 
Geoffrey, of Berkhampstead, sheriff of Yorkshire, 1234, 
justiciary of Ireland, 30 Henry III., and his wife. Lady Isa- 
bel, widow of Gilbert de Lacie, lord of Meath, in Ireland, 
and daughter of Sir Ralph Bigod, third son of )iU0b 
£i0Ot)t ^"^ ^f ^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta, second 
Earl of Norfolk, d. 1225 (by his wife, Lady Maud Marshall, 
sister of William le Mareschal, a Surety for the Magna 

Charta), son of 1?0dCt Kt0O&t ^^^ ^^ ^^^ Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, Earl of Norfolk, lord high steward of Eng- 
land, d. 1220. 

Sir Richard, Earl of Arundel, and his second wife, Lady 
Eleanor Plantagenet, had : 

7. Lady Alice Fitz-Alan, who m. Thomas de Holland, 
second Earl of Kent, earl marshal of England, d. 1397, son 
of Thomas, K.G., Earl of Kent, captain-general of France 
and Normandy, d. 1360, by his wife, Lady Joan, the Fair 
Maid of Kent, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, Earl 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNxNEMEDE 269 

of Kent, beheaded in 1330, the son of Edward I., King of 
England, by his second wife, Princess Margaret, daughter 
of Philip the Hardy, King of France, and had : 

8. Lady Margaret de Holland (she m. secondly, Thomas, 
Duke of Clarence, son of King Henry IV.), who m. first, 
John de Beaufort, K.G,, Earl of Somerset, marquis of 
Dorset, lord high admiral and chamberlain of England, d. 
1 410, son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, son of 
Edward III., King of England, by his wife Philippa, of 
Hainault, and had : 

9. Lady Joan de Beaufort, who d. in 1445, ^^ Dunbar, 
and was buried at the side of her first husband, in the Car- 
thusian church at Perth. She m. first, in 1423-4, James I., 
King of Scodand, who was murdered at Perth by con- 
spirators, February 21, 1437-8, and was the mother by him 
of King James II. Her Majesty m. secondly, 1439, Sir 
James Stewart, the Black Knight, of Lorn, who was taken 
prisoner at sea in 1448 by a Flemish ship, and d. in Flanders. 

Sir James was the third son of Sir John Stewart, of Lorn 
and Innermeth, who obtained the great barony of Lorn, in 
Argyleshire, by his marriage with Lady Isabel, daughter and 
heiress of John d'Ergadia, lord of Lorn, by his wife. Lady 
Joanna, daughter of Thomas Isaac, Esq., and his wife, the 
Princess Matilda Bruce, who d, at Aberdeen, July 20, 1353, 
and was buried at Dunfermline, sister of King David II., 
and second daughter of Robert I., King of Scotland, and 
his second wife, m. in 1302, Lady Elizabeth de Burgh. 

Robert Bruce, or Robert I., King of Scotland, the re- 
storer of the Scottish monarchy, was the eldest son of 
Robert de Brus, sixth Earl of Annandale, and Earl of Car- 
rick, in right of his wife, d. 1304 (and his wife, m, 1271, 
Maijorie, Countess of Carrick, d. 1292, widow of Adam de 
Kilconeath, and daughter and heiress of Niel, second Earl 
of Carrick, a regent of Scotland, 1255, and his wife Mar- 



270 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

garet, daughter of Walter, lord high steward of Scotland), 
eldest son of Robert de Brus, fifth Earl of Annandale, 1 2 lo- 
1295, one of the competitors for the crown of Scotland, 
1290 (son of Robert de Brus, Earl of Annandale, and his 
wife. Lady Isabel, second daughter of David, Earl of Hunt- 
ingdon, son of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon, Northumber- 
land, etc., the son of David I., King of Scotland, whose 
mother, the wife of Malcolm-canmore, King of Scots, was 
the daughter of Prince Edward the Exile, the son and heir 
of Edmund Ironsides, King of England), and his first wife, 
m. 1244, Lady Isabel, daughter of (BtlbCft ^C ClatCt Earl 
of Hertford and Earl of Gloucester, a Surety for the Magna 
Charta, d. 1 229, the son of l?tcbar^ ^C ClatCt Earl of Hert- 
ford, one of the Sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta. 

The second wife of King Robert Bruce, Lady Elizabeth 
de Burgh, was the eldest daughter of Richard de Burgh, 
Baron of Connaught and Trim, second Earl of Ulster, 
known as the "Red Earl," lord justice of Ireland in 1296, 
d. 1326. He was the son of Walter de Burgh, Baron of 
Connaught and Trim, Earl of Ulster, in right of his wife, d. 
1 271, son of Richard de Burgh the Great, lord lieutenant 
of Ireland, 1227, son of WilUiam de Burgh, governor of 
Ireland, 11 77, the son of Andelm de Burgh, steward to 
Henry II., by his wife. Princess Agnes, daughter of Louis 
VIL, King of France. His wife was Lady Margaret, a 
daughter of John de Burgh, Baron de Lanvallei, d, 1279, 
eldest son and heir of Sir John de Burgh (son of Hubert, 
Baron de Burgh, third Earl of Kent, chief justice of Eng- 
land, and of Ireland, 1215 ; guardian of Henry III.), and 
his wife. Lady Hawyse, daughter of WIlilUAnt &C Xftll^ 
VAlICit o^G of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Lady Joan de Beaufort had by her second husband, Sir 
James Stewart, of Lorn : 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 27 1 

10. Sir John Stewart, of Balveny, eldest son, uterine 
brother of King James 11. In 1457 he was created Earl of 
Athol, and had a new investure of the earldom in 1480. 
He was very instrumental in suppressing the rebellion of 
the Earl of Ross, and was one of the conservators of the 
the peace with England in 1484. He had a principal com- 
mand in the army of James III. against his son and the rebel 
lords, 1488, for which he was imprisoned in the castle of 
Dunbar, on the death of that monarch. He d. September 
19, 151 2, and was buried in Dunkeld Cathedral. 

Sir John Stewart, Earl of Athol, m. secondly. Lady El- 
eanor, daughter of William Sinclair, third Earl of Orkney, 
and Earl of Caithness,* and his second wife, Marjory, 
Countess of Caithness, daughter of Alexander Sutherland, 
of Dunbeath, third son of Robert, Earl of Sutherland, d. 
1442, and his wife, Lady Mabilla, daughter of John Dunbar, 
Earl of Moray, second son of Patrick Dunbar,f ninth Earl of 

* He was one of the hostages for James I., 142 1, admiral and high chancel- 
lor of Scotland, and was the only son of Henry, second Earl of Orkney, ad- 
miral of Scotland, //. ante 141 8, and his wife, Lady Egidia, only daughter and 
heiress of William Douglas, lord of Niddisdale and Galloway, by his wife, 
Princess Egidia Stewart, daughter of Robert II., King of Scotland (and 
his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Adam Mure, of Rowallan), only child 
of Walter, lord high steward of Scotland, d, 1 326, and his wife, Princess Mar- 
jory Bruce, daughter of Robert I., King of Scotland (and his first wife. Lady 
Isabel, daughter of Donald, tenth Earl of Marr), son of Robert de Bruce, 
Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1 304, aforesaid, a descendant of 'RicbatD 
OC Clare and OilbCtt DC Clarc» both Sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta. 

f He was the son of Patrick, eighth Earl of Dunbar, one of the competitors 
for the Scottish crown in 1291, as the great-grandson of Lady Ada, a daughter 
of King William the Lion, which claim was withdrawn, and he appeared as 
one of the nominees of his grandfather, Bruce, in the competition ; he swore 
fealty to Edward I., of England, 1291, and when hostilities commenced be- 
tween the Scots and English, in 1296, the earl adhered to the latter, but his 
wife, Lady Marjory, daughter of Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan, favoring 
the former, held the castle of Dunbar for Baliol and the Scots. He was eldest 



272 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Dunbar and March, d, 1369, and his first wife, Lady Agnes 
Randolph* 

Sir John Stewart, Earl of Athol, who d. 1 5 1 2, had by his 
second wife, Lady Eleanor Sinclair : 

1 1 . Sir John Stewart, second Earl of Athol, who was 
slain at the battle of Flodden, September 9, 151 3. He m. 
Lady Mary Campbell, daughter of Archibald, second Earl 
of Argyle,f who was also killed at Flodden, and his wife, 

son of Patrick, seventh Eaxl of Dunbar, a regent of the kingdom and a 
guardian of the king and queen, 1255 ; he led his warlike vassals to the battle 
of Largs, 1 263, and aided in the defeat of the Norwegians, and was a party to 
the treaty of Perth, 1266, whereby the Scots got the Isle of Man and the Heb- 
rides from them, d. 1289, and his wife. Lady Christian, only daughter of Robert 
de Bruce, Elarl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1 304, aforesaid, a descendant of 
(Gilbert De Clare and 'RiCbatD De Clare, both Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta. 

* She was the daughter of Thomas, first Earl of Moray, regent of Scot- 
land. Lady Agnes, known as '* Black Agnes," during the absence of her hus- 
band, successfully defended the castle of Dunbar for nineteen weeks against 
the English forces in 1337-8. Her father was the only son of Sir Thomas 
Randolph, of Strathwith, high chamberlain of Scotland, 1296, and his wife. 
Lady Isabel Bruce, sister of King Robert Bruce, and daughter of Robert 
Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, d, 1304, aforesaid, a descendant of 
'RiCbarD De Clare and Gilbert De Clare, both Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta. 

f He was the son of Sir Colin Campbell, who succeeded his grandfather as 
second Lord Campbell, of Lochow, and was created, in 1457, Earl of Argyle, 
and appointed, 1483, lord high chancellor of Scotland, d. May 10, 1493, and 
his wife, Lady Isabel, daughter of John Stewart, second lord of Lorn, son of 
Robert Stewart, created, in 1439, ^''^ \jo>m and Innermeth, and his wife, Lady 
Margaret, daughter of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland, 
brother of King Robert III., and son of Robert II., King of Scotland, 
aforesaid, a descendant of WcbarD De Clare and Gilbert De Clare, both 
Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta. 

Lord Lorn was the son of Sir John Stewart, of Innermeth, and his wife, Lady 
Isabel, daughter and heiress of John d'Ergadia, lord of Lorn, and his wife. 
Lady Joan, daughter of Thomas Isaac, Esq., and his wife, Princess Matilda 
Bruce, daughter of Robert I., King of Scotland, and his second wife. Lady 
Elizabeth de Burgh, aforesaid, descendants of Gilbert De Clare, WCbarD De 
Claret and TIQlilliam De Xanvallel, Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 273 

Lady Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of John, first Earl of 
Lennox. 

Sir John Stewart, Lord Derneley, first Earl of Lennox, 
was warden of the west borders in 1481 ; was one of the 
confederated lords who seized James III. at Lander, in 1482, 
but subsequently attended his majesty during his confine- 
ment in the castle of Edinburgh, by his request, as a pro- 
tector, and later enlisted in the party of James IV. against 
his father, and was rewarded with the earldom of Lennox, 
and had the custody of Dunbarton Castle committed to him 
in 1488. In 1489 he entered into a conspiracy against the 
government and joined the discontented nobles with a con- 
siderable force, but soon deserted them for the king and was 
pardoned, and d. ante September 11, 1495. He tn. before 
May 15, 1438, Lady Margaret, daughter of Alexander, first 
Lord Montgomery. He was the eldest son of Sir Alan 
Stewart, of Derneley (and his wife. Lady Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Sir William Seton, of Seton, k. 1424*), son of Sir 
John Stewart, of Derneley, k. 1429 (and his wife, m. 1392, 

Earl Colin was the son of Archibald, d, v. p. , second, but eldest surviving 
son of Sir Duncan Campbell, created, in 1445, Lord Campbell, of Lochow, d, 
1453, and his first wife, Lady Marjory Stewart, daughter of Robert, Duke of 
Albany, son of Robert IL, King of Scotland, aforesaid, a descendant of 
'RiCbarD De Clare and Gilbert be Clare, Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Lord Campbell was the son of Sir Colin Campbell, of Lochow, son of Sir 
Archibald, son of Sir Colin, son of Sir Neil Campbell, of Lochow, d, 1316, and 
his wife. Lady Mary Bruce, sister of King Robert Bruce, and daughter of 
Robert de Bruce, Earl of Carrick and Annandale, d. 1304, aforesaid, a de- 
scendant of (Gilbert be Clare and 'Ricbatb be Clare, Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 

* Sir William de Seton was killed at the battle of Verneuil, in Normandy, 
August 17, 1424. He was the only son of Sir John de Seton, //. 1441, and 
his wife, Lady Janet, daughter of George Dunbar, tenth Earl of Dunbar and 
March, d. 1420, son of Patrick, ninth Earl of Dunbar and March, and Earl of 
Moray, d, 1369, and his wife. Lady Agnes Randolph, aforesaid, descendants 
in several lines from (Gilbert be Clate and 'Ricbatb be Clate» Sureties for the 
Magna Charta. 



274 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Duncan, Earl of Lennox), son 
of Sir Alexander Stewart, of Demeley (and his wife, Lady 
Janet, daughter of William Keith, of Gaistoun), son of Sir 
Alexander, the third son of Sir Alan, of Dreghorn, the 
second son of Sir John Stewart, of Bonkyl, who was the 
second son of Alexander, the sixth high steward of Scotland. 

Sir John Stewart, second Earl of Athol, and his wife. 
Lady Mary Campbell, had : 

12. Lady Isabel Stewart, who m. Kenneth Mackenzie, 
tenth lord of Kintail, d. June 6, 1568. He was the only 
son of John Mackenzie, of Kintail, d. 1556 (and his wife, 
Elizabeth Grant), the eldest son of Sir Kenneth Mackenzie,* 
of Kintail, who was knighted by James IV., and contributed 
greatly to the civilization of the northern parts of Scotland, 
d. 1 506-7, and his second wife. Lady Agnes Eraser, only 
daughter of Hugh, second Lord Lovat, whose wife's name 
is unknown ; his father entered into a contract with Thomas 
Dunbar, Earl of Moray, August 9, 1422, that his unborn 
son and heir should marry a daughter of the Earl, but fail- 
ing of sons, that his daughter and heiress should marry the 
Earl's son, and to bind the bargain the Earl granted him the 
barony of Abertarf ; if Hugh Eraser had married a daughter 
of the Earl, then the Erasers, of Lovat, would have event- 
ually inherited the earldom of Moray, and as they did not. 
Lord Lovat probably married some other lady. 

Kenneth Mackenzie, of Kintail, and his wife. Lady Isabel 
Stewart, had: 



* He was the only child of Alexander Mackenzie, of Kintail, who aided in 
crushing the rebellion of the Earl of Ross, and received grants of estates be- 
longing to the Earl in 1477, d. 1488, and his first wife. Lady Ag^es, sixth 
daughter of Colin, second Lord Campbell, of Lochow, first Earl of Argyle, d, 
1493, and his wife. Lady Isabel Stewart, aforesaid, descendants of 'RicbatD bC 

Clare, (3Ul>ert be Clare, and HSlilliam De Xanpallei, Sureties for the Magna 

Charta, and of Robert L, King of Scotland. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 275 

1 3. Lady Agnes Mackenzie, second daughter, sister of 
Colin Mackenzie, eldest son and heir, who d. June 14, 1594. 
She m. 1567, Lachlan-mohr Macintosh, of Dunachtane and 
Knocknagail, sixteenth chief of Clan Chattan, and had : 

14. William Macintosh, of Essick and Borlum, second 
son, d. 1630 (brother of Lachlan, eldest son and chief of 
Clan Chattan, father of the celebrated Sir Lachlan Macin- 
tosh), who m. 1594, Elizabeth (Beatrix), daughter of Robert 
Innes, of Invermarkie,* and had : 

15. Lachlan-mohr Macintosh, the second of Borlum 
and of Bolkeskine. He m. first, Helen Gordon, according 
to a minute of agreement, dated at Ruthyn, August 28, 
1637, whereby George Gordon, second Marquis of Huntly, 
undertakes to give him sasine, and m. secondly, Annie, the 
widow of Sir Lachlan Macintosh, of that ilk, by whom he 
had: 

16. Captain John-mohr MacIntosh, b. at Bolkeskine (or 
Badenoch), March 24, 1700, came to America with his 
family in January, 1733, with Oglethorpe, and settled in 
that part of Georgia called after him, Mcintosh County. 
He entered actively upon the defence of the colony against 
the Spaniards, and commanded the first company of High- 
landers organized in America. He was severely wounded 
and taken prisoner at Fort Moosa, and sent to Madrid, 
Spain, and exchanged after the treaty of Aix la Chapelle. 
He d. at his seat, ** Borlum,** near Darien, Georgia, in 1761. 
He m. in Scotland, March 4, 1725, Marjory, b. 1701, daugh- 
ter of John Fraser, of Garthmore, and his wife, Elizabeth 
Eraser, of Errogy, and had : 

* He was the son of John, the son of Robert Innes, of Innerbrakie, and 
his wife, Lady Elspeth Stewart, daughter of Sir John, first Earl of Athol, d, 
1 5 12, and his second wife. Lady Eleanor Sinclair, aforesaid, descendants in 
several lines from 'KicbatD tZ ClatC and (3Ul>ert DC ClatC, both Sureties for 
the observance of the Magna Charta, and of Robert I., King of Scotland. 



276 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

1 7. Major-General Lachlan McIntosh, second son, b. 
at Badenoch, 1727, d. 1806. He served faithfully in the 
American army and became a major-general. He m. Sarah 
Treadcroft, and had : 

18. John Hampden McIntosh, who w. Charlotte, daughter 
of James Nephew, and had : 

19. Mary McIntosh, who m. Rev. Dennis M. Winston, 
and had : 

20. Frederick Hampden Winston, of Chicago, Illinois, 
one of the founders of the Order of Runnemede. Mr. 
Winston is also a member of the Society of Colonial Wars, 
the Society of the Cincinnati, and the Society of the Sons 
of the American Revolution. He has been twice married, 
— first to Maria Garrard Dudley, by whom he has now 
living six children : Frederick Seymour Winston, Eliza Tal- 
bot Winston (now Grover), Dudley Winston, Bertram 
Mcintosh Winston, Marie Winston (now Walker), and 
Ralph Talbot Winston. His present wife was Sallie Reeves 
Hews, by whom he has no children. 

Arms. — Sa.^ a plate between three towers^ ar. 

Crest. — A dexter hand holding four arrows, all ppr. 



Marmaduke Richardson and Charles Henry 

Browning 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 



• William d'Albini, 

• Hugh Bigod, 

• Roger Bigod, 

. Henry de Bohun, 

• Gilbert de Clare, 

' Richard de Clare, 
. John Fitz- Robert, 

• John de Lacie, 

"RlCbatD De ClatC, a Magna Charta 
Surety, had : Otltect DC ClatC, a Magna 
Charta Surety, who had : Richard, m. 
Maud, dau. of Jobll DC XaciC, a Magna 
Charta Surety (and Margaret, dau. of 
Robert, son of SabCt DC (SlUincClg, a 
Magna Charta Surety), and had : Gilbert, 
who had: Elizabeth, m. Theobald de 
Verdon, and had: Isabel, m, Henry de 
Ferrers, and had: William, who had: 
Margaret, m. Thomas de Beauchamp, 
and had : 



• William de Lanvallei, 
. William de Malet, 

• William de Mowbray, 

• Saher de Quincey, 

• Robert de Roos, 
k Geoffrey de Say, 

• Robert de Vere, 

• Eustace de Vesci. 



'ROdet JStflOD, a Magna Charta Surety, 
had: tlU0b JStflOb, a Magna Charta 
Surety, who had : Ralph, who had : Isa- 
bel, m. John Fitr-Geoffrcy, and had: 
John, who had: Maud, m, William de 
Beauchamp, and had : Guy, who had : 
Thomas, father of this Thomas de Beau- 
champ. 



Richard, who had : Eleanor, m. Ed- 
mund DE Beaufort, and had : 



'KObCCt DC IDerC, a Magna CharU 
Surety, had: Hugh, who had: Robert, 
who had: Joan, m. William de Warren, 
and had: Alice, m. Edmund Fitz- Alan, 
and had : Richard, who had : Alice, m. 
Thomas de Holland, and had : Magrarbt, 
m, John de Beaufort, and had this Edmund 
DE Beaufort. 



277 



278 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 



Joan, m. Robert St. Lawrence, and had : 
Nicholas, m, Jeanette Plunket, and 
had: 



J6U0tace De IDceci, a Magna Charta 
Surety, had: William, who had: Wil- 
liam, who had: Isabel, m. William de 
Welles, and had : Adam, who had : Adam, 
who had : John, who had : John, m. Mar- 
garet DE Mowbray (dau. of John, son 
of John, son of John, son of Roger, son 
of Roger, son of HSliUiam Dc (llOW^ 
t)tai3» a Magna Charta Surety), and had: 
EuDO, who had: William, who had: 
Elizabeth, m. Christopher Plunket, and 
had this Jeanette Plunket. 



Eleanor, m, Walter Cheever, and had : 
Christopher, who had: Margaret, m, 
Bartholomew Aylmer, and had : Gerald, 
m. AusoN Fitz-Gerald, and had : 



HxnilUam De Xanvalld. a Magna 

Charta Surety, had : Hawise, m, John de 
Burgh, and had : John, who had : Mar- 
garet, m. Richard de Burgh, and had: 
Joan, m. John d'Arcy, and had: Eliza- 
beth, m, James Butler (son of Eleanor, 
dau. of Humphrey, son of Humphrey, 
son of Humphrey, son of Humphrey, 

son of tlent)2 De JSObun, a Magna 
Charta Surety), and had: Thomas, who 
had : Eleanor, m. Robert de la Field, and 
had: Robert, who had: Thomas, who 
had : John, who had : Thomas, who had : 
Isabel, m. Gerald Fitz-Gerald, and had 
this Alison Fitz-Gerald. 



Bartholomew Aylmer, who had : 



'Robert De 'ROOe, a Magna Charta 
Surety, had : Willlam, who had : Robert, 
m, Isabel (dau. of William, son of IDQliU 
Uam D'Blbini, a Magna Charta Surety), 
and had : William, who had : Alice, m, 
Nicholas de Meinill, and had : Elizabeth, 
m, John d'Arcy, and had: Philip, m, 
Elizabeth (dau. of Thomas de Grey and 
Alice, dau. of Ralph, son of John, son 
of Ralph, son of Ralph de Nevill and 
EuPHEMLA, dau. of Robert, son of Roger, 
son of 5obn fit^lRobCttf a Magna 
Charta Surety), and had : John, who had : 
John, m, Joan [dau. of John de Grey- 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 279 

stock and Elizabeth, dau. of Robert, 
son of Robert (son of Robert, son of 
John de Ferrers and Hawise, dau. of Rob- 
ert, son of John, son of Robert de Mus- 
cegros and Helewise, dau. of HXnilUam 
Christopher Aylmer, who had : (llalet» ^ Magna Charta Surety) and 

Elizabeth, dau. of William Boteler and 
Joan, dau. of John, son of John de Sud- 
ley and a dau. of Willlam, son of Wil- 
liam, son of (3C0fttC1S dC Sn, a Magna 
Charta Surety], and had : John, who had : 
Elizabeth, m. Thomas de Rochefort, and 
had : Roger, who had : John, who had : 
John, who had: Catherine, m. Oliver 
Plunket, and had: Thomas, who had: 
Oliver, who had : Matthew, who had : 
Sir Christopher Aylmer, Baronet, m. Margaret Plunket, d. 1673, and had : 
Lady Catherine Aylmer, will proved December 20, 1726, sister of Matthew 
Aylmer, who was created Lord Aylmer in the peerage of Ireland. She m, first. Sir 
Nicholas Plunket, of Dublin, and m. secondly. Captain Michael Warren, of Warrens- 
town, County Meath, an officer in King James's Irish army, d, 1712, and had : 

Oliver Warren, a second lieutenant. Royal Navy, 17 19, brother of Vice Admiral 
Sir Peter Warren, K.B., R.N., d, Dublin, 1752, who with General Pepperell and his 
New England troops captured Louisburgh from the French in 1745, and uncle of Gen- 
eral Sir William Johnson, Bart., of New York, superintendent of Indian affiiirs. Lieu- 
tenant Warren was the father of : 

Rt. Hon. Nathaniel Warren, M.P., of" Warren Mount," Dublin, and " Neilstown 
House'' and ** Balgatty," in County Dublin, d. at his official residence, in William Street, 
Dublin, January 15, 1796. — Obituary in the Gentleman's Magazine, He was sheriff for 
the dty of Dublin, 1773; sherifTs peer, 1775; alderman of Dublin, 1775; first master 
of the Guild of Merchants, 1777; captain of the Dublin Volunteer Corps, 1777; a dele- 
gate with Henry Grattan to the non-importation and non-consumption convention, May, 
1779, and in July following he was on the national committee to put the country in a 
state of defence; elected lord mayor of Dublin 1782; a delegate from the county of 
Dublin to the convention of the volunteers, at Dungannon, February, 1783, and in No- 
vember following a delegate to the Irish National Convention ; was member of Parlia- 
ment for Dublin City, 1783-90 ; high sheriff of Dublin County, 1786; His Majesty's first 
police commissioner and the organizer of the national police system, 1786; member of 
Parliament for the borough of Callan, County Kilkenny, 1790-96; justice of the peace 
for County Dublin, 1794-5. In May, 1793, with the Dublin troops, he quelled the " Lib- 
erty mob," and was appointed superintendent magbtrate for protecting the peace of the 
city of Dublin. 

In 1763, Alderman Warren m. first, Katherine Higgins, d, 1773, and had by her five 
children, named in his will, proved February, 1796, and m, secondly, 1 774, Agnes Ber- 
mingham, d. 1826, and had by her six children, of whom : 

I. Eleanor La Touche Warren, b. 1776, d. New York City, i860, a sister of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonels Nathaniel and Samuel R. Warren, and aunt of Major-General Lionel S. 



28o THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Warren, of the English army. She m. in Dublin, Robert Crean, d. at Madrid, Spain, 
1831, a descendant of Andrew 0*Crean, of the barony of Carbory, County Sligo, 164 1, 
and had : 

Helena Margaretta Crean, d. Dublin, March 9, 1819, d. New York City, 
March 3, 1887. She m, first, in Dublin, September 13, 1834, Lindsay Downes Rich- 
ardson, d. New York City, May i, 1845, ^ ^^^ ^^ Mannaduke John Richardson, 
captain of the Rothsay and Caithness Fencibles, son of Captain John Richardson, 
of Farlough, high sheriff of County Tyrone, 1778, and his wife Hannah, dau. of 
Rev. Alexander Lindsay, rector of Kilmac, County Monaghan, and had : 

Marmaduke Richardson, of New York City and Paris, a founder of the 
Order of Runnemede. He was appointed August 12, 1890, by King Humbert, 
an officer of the Order of the Crown of Italy. 

Arms. — Aurcaie ; a bull* s head ^ ppr,, ship^ sa,, quarterly; at* band, nnth 

saltire cross, ar.ffessi point. 
Crest. — An esquires helmet y ppr., surmounted by a lion rampant, gu., hold- 
ing a wreath of oak-leaves. 
Motto. — Virtutiparet robur, 
2. Eliza Sidney Warren, b, Dublin, October, 1787, d, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
March, 1856, m. in Dublin, 1803, Cain Hanlon, of Roscommon, a descendant of Sir 
E^ha O' Hanlon, Knight, of Tonregee, lord of Upper and Lower Orior, in County Ar- 
magh, hereditary Irish royal standard bearer for Ulster, attainted but pardoned, Februaiy 
12, 1605, and had: 

Eleanor Agnes Hanlon, b. Dublin, March 17, 1809, d. Cincinnati, Ohio, Octo- 
ber 27, 1857, m, at Christ Church, New York City, December 13, 1829, Robert 
Lewright Browning, lieutenant United States navy, b. Mason County, Kentucky, 
May 22, 1803, drowned in Trinidad Bay, California, March 27, 1850, son of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Lewright) Browning, of Mason County, Kentucky, m. at Culpeper 
Court-House, Virginia, October 29, 1793, b, December 17, 1767, d, June 4, 1834, 
son of Joshua Browning, of Culpeper County, Virginia, and had : 

Charles Henry Browning, of Philadelphia and Ardmore, Pennsylvania, 
b. Cincinnati, a founder of the Order of Runnemede, m, at St. Paul's Roman 
Catholic Church, Philadelphia, January i, 1884, by the acting archbishop, Vicar- 
General Walsh, to Katherine Aloysius Campbell, of Philadelphia, and had : 
Roberta Lewright Browning, b. Ardmore, September i, 1891. 



Edward Ginton Lee 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, Roger Bigod. 

I- 1?O0Cr 3BifiO&t ^"^ ^f ^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Norfolk, lord high steward of England, d. 
1 2 20, m. first, before 1195, Lady Isabel de Warren, daugh- 
ter of Hameline Plantagenet, fifth Earl of Warren and Sur- 
rey, jure uxoris, who bore one of the three swords at the 
second coronation of Richard I., and was with that king in 
the army in Normandy, and d. 1202, and his wife, Isabella, 
Countess of Surrey, widow of William de Blois, and only 
daughter and heiress of William, third Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, who zealously espoused the cause of King Stephen 
and had a chief command in his army, son of William, sec- 
ond Earl of Warren and Surrey, and his wife. Lady Isabel 
(or Elizabeth), daughter of Hugh the Great, Count of Valois 
and Vermandois, son of Henry I., King of France, and his 
wife, Anne of Russia. 

Roger Bigod had by his first wife. Lady Isabel : 
2. liU0b 3Bf0O^t eldest son, also one of the Sureties for 
the Magna Charta, second Earl of Norfolk, d. 1225. He 
m., as her first husband. Lady Maud (or Matilda) Marshall, 
a sister of William Marshall, one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, and daughter of William Marshall, created 
Earl of Pembroke, Protector of England during the minority 

of Henry III., and his first wife, Lady Isabel de Clare, 

19 281 



«ftw< 



282 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

daughter of Richard the Strongbow, second Earl of Pem- 
broke, lord justice of Ireland, by his wife, Princess Eva, 
daughter of Dermot, last King of Leinster. 
Hugh Bigod and Lady Maud had : 

3. Sir Ralph Bigod, third son (brother of Roger, the 
last Earl of Norfolk), who m. Lady Berta, daughter of the 
Baron Furnival, and had : 

4. Lady Isabel Bigod, widow of Gilbert de Lacy, lord of 
Meath, Ireland, who m. secondly, John Fitz-Piers Fitz-Geof- 
frey, lord of Berkhampstead and Kirkling, sheriff of York- 
shire, 1234, chief justice of Ireland, 30 Henry III., son of 
Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, Baron de Mandeville, created, in 1 1 99, 
Earl of Essex, justiciary of England, and his second wife. 
Lady Aveline, and had : 

5. John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, d. 42 
Henry III., leaving issue by his wife, whose name has not 
been preserved : 

6. Lady Maud Fitz-John, widow of Gerard de Furnival, 
d. ante 1280, who m. secondly, William, sixth Baron de 
Beauchamp, of Elmley Castle, Earl of Warwick, in right of 
his mother. Lady Isabel, daughter of William, fourth Baron 
Mauduit, of Hanslape, County Bucks, heritable chamberlain 
of the exchequer, d. 1256, and sister and heiress of William 
Mauduit, seventh Earl of Warwick. William de Beauchamp 
was a distinguished captain in Welsh and Scottish wars of 
Edward I., and d. 1298. The mother of Lady Isabel Mau- 
duit was Lady Alice, daughter of Waleran de Newburgh, 
fourth Earl of Warwick, d. 1 205 (by his second wife, Lady 
Alice de Harcourt), son of Roger, second Earl of Warwick, 
d. 1 1 53, by his wife. Lady Gundred de Warren, daughter 
of the aforesaid William, second Earl of Warren and Sur- 
rey, and his wife. Lady Isabel de Vermandois, widow of 
Robert, Earl of Mellent, and a descendant of Hugh Capet, 
King of France. 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 283 

William de Beauchamp and Lady Maud had : 

7. Lady Sarah de Beauchamp, sister of Guy, Earl of 
Warwick, who ;«. Richard, sixth Baron Talbot, of Goodrich 
Castle, who served in the wars in Wales and in Gascony, 
and was constituted governor of Cardiff Castle, 25 Edward 
I. He was a member of the great council held at Lincoln, 
29 Edward L, which asserted the right of Edward to the 
realm of Scotland. His mother was Princess Gwenllian, 
daughter and heiress of Rhese ap Griffith, Prince of 
South Wales, d. 1 136. He had by his wife. Lady Sarah : 

8. Lady Gwenllian Talbot, sister of Sir Gilbert, seventh 
Baron Talbot, lord justice of South Wales, who m. Sir Payne 
de Turberville, custos of Glamorganshire, 134- and had : 

9. Sarah de Turberville, fourth daughter, and coheiress 
of her brother, who m. William de Gamage, high sheriff of 
Gloucestershire, 1325, and had: 

10. Gilbert de Gamage, lord of Rogiad, who m. Lettice, 
daughter of Sir William Seymour, of Penhow, and had : 

11. Sir William Gamage, lord of Rogiad and Coyty, 
who m. Mar)', daughter of Thomas de Rodburg, Knight, 
and had : 

12. Sir Thomas Gamage, lord of Rogiad and Coyty, who 
m. Matilda, daughter of John Dennis, Knight, and had : 

13. Jane Gamage, who m. Roger Arnold, of Llanthony, 
Monmouthshire, Wales, son of Arnholt ap Arnholt Vychan, 
and his wife, Sybil, daughter of Madoc ap Einon ap Thomas 
{N. E. His. Gen. Reg., October, 1879), ^^^ ^^id : 

14. Thomas Arnold, of Llanthony, who m. Agnes, daugh- 
ter of Richard Waimstead, Knight, and had : 

15. Richard Arnold, of Street parish, Somersetshire, 
who m. Emmote, daughter of Pearce Young, of Damerham, 
Wilts, and had : 

16. Richard Arnold, of Bagbere, Dorsetshire, d. 1595, • 
who had by his wife, name unknown : 



284 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

17. Thomas Arnold, of Melcomb-Horsey, Cheselbourne, 
Dorsetshire, who had by his second wife, whose name has 
not been preserved : 

18. Thomas Arnold, b. 1599, who came to New England 
in 1635, and finally settled in Providence, Rhode Island, in 
1654, and was a deputy, 1666-67, 1670-72, member of the 
town council, 1672, and d. in 1674. He m. first in Eng- 
land, — wife's name has not been preserved, — and m. sec- 
ondly, Phebe, daughter of George Park hurst, of Water- 
town, Massachusetts, d. 1 700, and had by the latter : 

19. Eleazer Arnold, of Providence, Rhode Island, b. at 
Watertown, Massachusetts, June 17, 165 1, d. August 29, 
1722. He was member of the town council, 1684-6 ; dep- 
uty, 1686, 1700, 1703, 1706-7, 171 1, and 1 71 5; justice of 
the peace, 1705. He m. Eleanor, daughter of John Smith, 
of Providence, and had : 

20. Joseph Arnold, d. November 4, 1 746, at Smithfield, 
Rhode Island. He w. June 20, 1716, Mercy, daughter of 
Amos and Mary (Burlingame) Stafford, and had : 

21. Caleb Arnold, of Gloucester, Rhode Island, b. at 
Smithfield, May 26, 1725, d. February 5, 1784. He was 
deputy from Gloucester, 1773 and 1778 ; a corporal in 1776 ; 
purchasing agent in 1778; bounty agent in 177S; member 
of the committee on recruits and of the war committee in 
1780. He m. January 26, 1746, Patience Brown, and had: 

22. Nehemiah Arnold, of Providence, Rhode Island, b. 
Gloucester, March 15, 1748, d. March 12, 1833. He m. 
Alice, daughter of James and Mary (Anthony) Brown, of 
Taunton, Massachusetts, and Barrington and Providence, 
Rhode Island, and a descendant of John Brown, of Ply- 
mouth, Rehoboth, and Swanzey, Massachusetts, who was 
commissioner of the United Colonies in 1 643, and of John 
Coggeshall, first governor of Rhode Island, 1 647, and had : 

23. Amy Arnold,^. April 7, 1778,^, March 28, 1862, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 285 

who m. at Providence, Rhode Island, September 19, 1796, 
Caleb Earle, b. at Swanzey, Massachusetts, February 25, 
1771,^/. at Providence, July 13, 1851, lieutenant-governor 
of Rhode Island, 1821-24, a descendant of Captain Ralph 
Earle, one of the founders of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
its treasurer, 1649 ^"^ 1651, deputy in 1650, and had: 

24. Elizabeth Terry Earle, b. Providence, September 
8, 1799, d. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 30, 1853, 
who m. at Providence, Rhode Island, February i, 1825, 
Zebediah Lothrop, b, at Stratton, Vermont, September 27, 
1798, and removed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he 
d. April 17, 1863. He was a descendant of Mark Lothrop, 
of Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 1656 ; of John Alden, a pas- 
senger in the Mayflower^ 1620, deputy governor of Ply- 
mouth Colony, 1 664-1 677; of John Washburne, the first 
** Secretary of the governor and Company of Massachusetts 
Bay in New England" in 1628. Issue: 

25. Sarah Eliza Lothrop, b. Providence, Rhode Island, 
January 8, 1826, d. Brooklyn, New York, March 21, 18891 
who nt. in Philadelphia, January 31, 1854, Richard Henry 
Lee, M.D., b. Pineville, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, May 
13, 1826, graduate University of Pennsylvania, Medical De- 
partment, 1848, member of the Philadelphia County Medical 
Society, d. Philadelphia, March 21, 1881, and had: 

26. Edward Clinton Lee, of Philadelphia, b. December 
5» 1857, a member of the Society of Colonial Wars, Society 
Sons of the Revolution, Society of Mayflower Descendants, 
etc., and a founder of the Order of Runnemede. He nt. 
April 8, 1885, Mai, daughter of George Philler, of Philadel- 
phia, president of the First National Bank, and his wife, 
Rebecca Horner Ruckman, and had : Lothrop, b. January 
8, 1886; Ruckman, b. October 13, 1887; Helen Philler, b. 
June 6, 1890; Alden, b. October 31, 1893; ^ind Philler, b. 
May 23, 1896. 



THE PEDIGREE OF WILLIAM HERRICK GRIFFITH. 



Roger Bigod. Saher de Qulncey. 

I 
Hugh Blgod. Richard de Clare. Robert de Quincey. 

Ralph Bigod. Qilbert de Clare. John de L4icie--Maisaret de Quincey. 

Isabel Bigod. Richard de Clare-^-Maud de Lade. 

, , 1 1 

Maud de Lade. Thomas de Care. William d'Alblnl. Robert de Ro5. 

I 
Peter de Geneville. Thomas de Clare. William d'AIbini. William de Ros. 

I '—1 I ' 

Joan de Geneville. Mai:garet de Clare. Isabel d'Albim-^Robert de Ros. 

I ' 1 

Joan de Mortimer. Elizabeth Badlesmere. William de Ros. 

I 

Joan d'Audley. Roger de Mortimer. William de Ros. 

John Touchet^Margery de Mortimer. Thomas de Ros. 

John Touchet--Deanor de Holland. Thomas de Ros. 

James Touchet-^Margaret de Ros. 

I 

Anne TouchetYSir Thomas de Dutton. 

Isaoel de Dutton<Y^ir Christopher Southworth. 

Sir John Southworth«-^lc^ Langton. 

I 

Christopher Southworth -^(Name unknown.) 

I 

Edward Southworth«-Juie Lloyd. 

I 

Thomas Southworth— Jane Mynne. 

I 

Edward Southworth-|-Alice Carpenter. 

I 

Constant Southworth-^Elizabeth Collier. 

Mercy South worth-pSamuel Freeman. 

Constant Freemanyjane Treat. 

Robert Freeman—Mary Paine. 

Robert Freeman—Anna . 



Joiin Freeman— Sybil Lewis. 
Susan Freeman— Leonard Rowe. 



Syoil Ann Rowe— George W. Knowlton. 



Mary Louisa Knowlton— Edwin Henry Griffith. 
William Herrick Griffith, of Albany. N. Y. 



William Herrick Griffith 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

William d*Albini, Richard de Clare, 

Hugh Bigod, John de Lacie, 

Roger Bigod, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Ros. 

1. Saber t>C (SlUfnCC^t ^"^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, first Earl of Winchester, had by his wife, Lady 
Margaret, daughter of Robert de Bellomont, third Earl of 
Leicester : 

2. Roger de Quincey, second Earl of Winchester and 
constable of Scotland, in right of his wife, who accompanied 
his father to the Holy Land, 1264. He m. Lady Helen, 
daughter and coheiress of Alan Macdonald, d. 1234, lord of 
Galloway and constable of Scotland, one of the Barons on 
whose advice King John granted the Magna Charta, and 
his wife. Lady Margaret, daughter of David, Earl of Hun- 
tingdon, the son of Earl Henry, son of David I., King of 
Scotland, and had : 

3. Lady Helen de Quincey, who m. Alan de la Zouche, 
Baron Zouche, one of the king's justices, constable of the 
Tower of London and governor of the castle of Northamp- 
ton, d. 1 285, and had : 

4. Roger, Baron de la Zouche, of Ashby, d. 1285, who 
m. Lady Eleanor, daughter and heiress of Stephen, young- 
est son of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury, a natural 
son of Henry II. and the " Fair Rosamond," and had : 

5. Alan, Baron de la Zouche, of Ashby, who served in 

287 



288 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

the Scottish and French wars, governor of Buckingham 
Castle and Forest, and was summoned to Parliament, 25 
Edward I. to 7 Edward IL, d. 13 14. He m. Lady Eleanor, 
daughter of Nicholas, Baron de Segrave, and had : 

6. Lady Maud de la Zouche, who m. Sir Robert de Hol- 
land, K.G., summoned to Parliament 1314, rt^. 1328, and had : 

7. Lady Joan Holland, who m. Sir Hugh de Dutton, 
1 276-1 326, steward of Halton Castle, son of Hugh, son of 
Sir Thomas de Dutton, sheriff of Lancaster, son of Hugh, 
third son of Hugh, second son of Hugh Fitz-Odard, whose 
father, Odard, came in with William the Conqueror, son of 
William, Earl d'Eu, and Jeanne, sister to Hugh Lupus, Earl 
of Chester, and daughter of Richard d'Abrincis, by Emma, 
half-sister to William the Conqueror. Sir Hugh de Dutton 
and Lady Joan had : 

8. Sir Thomas de Dutton, 1314-1381, seneschal and 
governor of Halton Castle and sheriff of Cheshire, 30 and 33 
Edward III., who m. Ellen, daughter of Sir Peter Thornton, 
of Thornton, and had : 

9. Edmund de Dutton, who m. Joan, daughter of Henry 
Minshall de Church Minshall, and had : 

10. Sir Peter de Dutton, d. 1433, who had : 

1 1 . John de Dutton, who m, Margaret, daughter of Sir 
John Savage, K.G., and had : 

12. Sir Thomas de Dutton, k. at Blore Heath, Septem- 
ber 23, 1459, m. Lady Anne, daughter of James Touchett, 
sixth Baron Audley, of Heleigh, k. at Blore Heath, and his 
wife. Lady Margaret de Ros. He was the son of John 
Touchett, first Baron by writ, 1405, d. 1409, son of Sir John 
(and his wife. Lady Margery de Mortimer), son of Sir John 
Touchett, temp. Edward III., and his wife. Lady Joan, daugh- 
ter of James d' Audley, K.G., fourth Baron Audley, of He- 
leigh, 13 1 6-1387, and his first wife. Lady Joan, daughter of 
Roger de Mortimer, Earl of March, and his wife, Lady 





WIU-IAM HERRICK. GRIFKITH. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 289 

Joan, only child of Sir Peter de Genevil, son of Geoffrey de 
Genevil, lord of Trim, and his wife, Lady Maud, daughter 
of Gilbert de Lacy and Lady Isabella, daughter of Ralph, 

son of Hufib BiflOl), son of IROQCV BifiOl), both Sureties 
for the Magna Charta and Earls of Norfolk. 

"Robert be 1?O0t a Magna Charta Surety,^. 1227, w. 
Lady Isabel, a daughter of William the Lion, King of Scot- 
land, and had: William de Ros, lord of Hamlake, cl. 1258, 
m. Lady Lucia, daughter of Reginald Fitz-Piers, of Blew- 
leveny, Wales, and had : Robert de Ros, lord of Hamlake, 
d. 1285, w. Lady Isabel, daughter of William d'Albini, ^. 
1285, 2tnd his second wife. Lady Isabel, the son of XlClUUant 
b'Hlbinit a Magna Charta Surety, d 1236, and his wife. 
Lady Margery, daughter of Odonel d'Umfraville. 

Robert de Ros and Lady Isabel d'Albini had : William 
de Ros, lord of Hamlake, d. 131 7, m. Lady Maud, daughter 
of John de Vaux, of Feston, and had : William de Ros, lord 
of Hamlake, d. 1342, m. Lady Margery, daughter of Bar- 
tholomew de Badlesmere,* and had : Thomas de Ros, lord 
of Hamlake, d. 1384, m. Lady Beatrice, daughter of Ralph 
de Stafford, K.G., first Earl of Stafford, d. 1372, and had: 
Thomas de Ros, lord of Hamlake, d. 141 4, m. Lady Mar- 
garet, daughter of Sir John d* Arundel, and had : Lady 
Margaret de Ros, aforesaid, who m. James Touchett, Baron 
d'Audley, k. 1459. 

1?iCbarb 1>C ClarCt a Magna Charta Surety, was the father 
of (BilbCrt t>C ClarCt also a Magna Charta Surety, whose 
son, Richard de Clare, m. Lady Maud, daughter of Joblt 
^C XSCiCt a Magna Charta Surety, and his wife. Lady Mar- 

* His wife, Lady Margaret, was a daughter of Thomas, third son of Thomas, 
governor of London, 1274, son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and 
Gloucester (and his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of ^Obtl DC laCiCt a Magna 
Charta Surety), son of Gilbert De ClatCt the son of 'KiCbatD De CUte, both 
Magna Charta Sureties. 



290 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

garet, daughter of Robert, a son of Sabcr ^C (SlUiltCC^^t ^ 
Magna Charta Surety, and had : Thomas de Clare, whose 
son Thomas was the father of Lady Margaret de Clare, 
who m. Bartholomew de Badlesmere, who was captured by 
the Earls of Kent and Surrey at the battle of Borough- 
bridge, and hanged, drawn, and quartered at Canterbury, 
and his head set upon a pole at Burgate in 1332. Their 
daughter, Lady Elizabeth de Badlesmere, m. first. Sir Ed- 
mund de Mortimer, d. 1331, and had: Roger, Baron Mor- 
timer, of Wigmore, Earl of March, d. 1360, m. Lady Phi- 
lippa, a daughter of William de Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, 
and had : Lady Margery de Mortimer, who m. Sir John 
Touchett, second Baron d'Audley, aforesaid. 
Sir Thomas de Dutton and Lady Anne had : 

13. Lady Isabel de Dutton, second daughter and co- 
heiress, who m. Sir Christopher Southworth, of Salmesbury, 
1 443- 1 48 7, and had : 

14. Sir John Southworth, of Salmesbury, 1478-15 19, 
m. Lady Ellen, daughter of Sir Richard Langton, Baron of 
Newton and lord of Walton, by his wife Isabel, daughter 
of Peter Gerard, of Kingsley and Bryn, d. v. p. 1492, and 
his wife, Lady Margaret Stanley, whose descent from royalty 
was as follows : 

Henry L, King of France, 1031, had by his third wife, 
Anne of Russia, Hugh the Great, Count de Vermandois, 
whose daughter, Isabel, or Elizabeth,* m. first, Robert de 

* Her mother was of the following royal descent : Charlemagne, the 
Emperor, had by his third wife, Hildegarde of Suabia : Pepin, King of Lom- 
bardy, m. Bertha, daughter of William, Count of Toulouse, and had : Bernard, 
King of Lombardy, m, Cunegonde, and had : Pepin, first Count of Verman- 
dois, who had : Herbert, second Count, who had : Herbert, third Count, who 
had : Albert the Pious, fourth Count, who had by his wife Gerberga, a daughter 
of Louis IV., King of France {see Anderson's ** Royal Genealogies"), Hubert, 
fifth Count, who had : Otto, seventh Count, who had : Herbert, eighth Count de 
Vermandois, whose daughter Adelheid m, Hugh Magnus. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 29 1 

Bellomont, Earl of Mellent and Leicester, a commander in 
the battle of Hastings, d. 11 18, and had: Robert, second 
Earl of Leicester, lord justice of England, d. 11 63, who had 
by his wife Amicia, daughter of Ralph de Waer, Earl of 
Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridge : Isabel de Bellomont, 
widow of Simon de St. Liz, Earl of Northampton, who m. 
secondly. Sir Gervaise Paganel, Baron de Dudley, and their 
only child : Hawyse, Baroness de Dudley, m. John de So- 
meri, in Cambridgeshire, Baron Dudley, in right of his wife, 
and had : Roger de Someri, second son. Baron Dudley, d. 
1230, having issue by his second wife, Amabel, widow of 
Gilbert de Segrave, and daughter of Sir Robert de Chau- 
combe : Margaret, widow of Uriean St. Pierre, who m. sec- 
ondly, Ralph, first Baron Basset, of Drayton, in Stafford- 
shire, k. at Evesham, and had: Ralph, second Baron 
Basset, d, 1299, whose daughter, Margaret, m. Edmund, 
first Baron de Stafford, d. 1308, and had: Ralph, second 
Baron Stafford, d. 1372, who had a principal command at 
Cressy, and in 1351 was created Earl of Stafford. He had 
by his second wife, Catherine, daughter of Sir John Has- 
tings : Jane, who tn. Sir Nicholas Beke, or Beck, and had : 
Elizabeth, m. Sir Robert de Swynnerton, and had : Maud, 
m. thirdly. Sir John Savage, of Clifton, d. 1450, and had: 
Sir John Savage, of Clifton, d. 1468, who had by his wife 
Elena, daughter of Sir William de Brereton : Mary, m. 
William de Stanley, lord of Stanley, Stourton, and Hoghton, 
sheriff of Cheshire, 2 Edward IV., and had : Sir William de 
Stanley, of Hoghton, who m. Alice, daughter of Sir Richard 
de Hoghton, of Molynton-Banastre,* and had: Sir William 

* He was of the following royal descent : Lady Isabel de Vennandois, widow 
of Robert, Earl of Mellent, and granddaughter of Henry I., King of France, 
m, secondly, William de Warren, second Earl of Surrey, and had : Gundred, 
widow of Roger de Newburg, Earl of Warwick, m, secondly, William de Lan- 
caster, lord of Kendal, and had : William de Lancaster, steward to Henry II., 



292 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

de Stanley, sheriff of Cheshire, lo Edward IV., m. Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Bromley, and had the aforesaid Mar- 
garet, wife of Peter Gerard. 

Sir John South worth, of Salmesbury, and Lady Ellen had : 

15. Christopher Southworth, of Salmesbury, who had : 

16. Edward Southworth, of London, merchant, who 
had by his wife Jane, daughter of Edward Lloyd, of Llwyny- 
maen : 

17. Thomas Southworth, recorder at Wells, in Somer- 
setshire, m. Jane, daughter of Nicholas Mynne, of Norfolk, 
and had : 

18. Edward Southworth, of Duke Place, London, 1595, 
d. at Leyden, Holland, in August, 1 620, leaving sons. Con- 
stant and Thomas (who came to America), by his wife, m. 
May 28, 1 61 3, Alice, d. 1599, daughter of Alexander Car- 
penter, of Wrington, Somerset. Mrs. Southworth, after 
the decease of her husband, came to New England in the 
ship Anne, in July, 1623, and, on August 14, 1623, m. Gov- 
ernor William Bradford, of the Plymouth Colony, and d. 
April 5, 1670. The son of Edward Southworth : 

19. Constant Southworth, b. 161 5, came 'to Massachu- 
setts in 1628, and resided and d. at Duxbury, March 10, 
1679. He served in the Pequot War, 1637 ; ensign of the 
Duxbury company, 1646; lieutenant, 1653; deputy from 
1647 for twenty-two years; treasurer of Plymouth Colony 
sixteen years ; a member of the council of war, 1658 ; com- 
missioner for the United Colonies, 1663; commissary-gen- 
eral during King Philip s War, and governor of Kennebec. 
He m. November 2, 1637, Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Collier, of Duxbury, and had : 

father of Henry de Lea, who had : John, who had : Henry, who had : Sir 
William de Lea, m, Clemence Banastre, and had : Sybil, m. Sir Richard de 
Hoghton, and had : Sir Adam, who had : Sir Richard, who had : Sir William, 
father of this Sir Richard de Hoghton. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 293 

20. Mercy Southworth, b. 1638, m. May 12, 1658, Dea- 
con Samuel Freeman, b. May 11, 1638, at Watertown, 
Massachusetts, d. at Eastham November 25, 171 2, and had : 

21. Constant Freeman, b. at Eastham, Massachusetts, 
March 31, 1669, d. at Truro June 8, 1745, where he setded 
in 1705, and was treasurer of the town, August i, 1709, 
and in 1715 chosen its representative at the general court, 
and was commander of the military company. He tn. Oc- 
tober II, 1694, Jane, b. December 6, 1675, d. September i, 
1729, daughter of Rev. Samuel Treat, of Eastham, 1648- 
1716, son of Robert Treat, governor of Connecticut, 1686, 
d. at Milford, Connecticut, 17 10, and his wife, Jane Tapp, 
and had : 

22. Robert Freeman, b. August 12, 1696, d. at Pomfret, 
Connecticut, September 27, 1755. He m. April 5, 1722, 
at Eastham, Mary, b. February i, 1695-6, d. September 25, 
1755, daughter of Elisha Paine, d. at Canterbury, Connecti- 
cut, February 7, 1735, son of Thomas Paine, 1611-1706, 
and Mary, daughter of Nicholas Snow and Constance, 
daughter of Stephen Hopkins, who was a passenger in the 
Mayflower, and had : 

23. Robert Freeman, b. December 31, 1727, at Truro, 
d. at Amenia, Dutchess County, New York, September 29, 
1 798. He served in the Revolution as captain and major 
in Colonel Sutherland's regiment. New York Line. He 
had by his wife Anna, d. September 4, 1809, whose surname 
is unknown : 

24. John Freeman, b. 1754, in the Amenia precinct, New 
York, d. at Amenia, November 8, 181 5. He was a soldier 
in the Revolution and the War of 181 2, and m. about 1780, 
Sybil, born July 29, 1753, d. July 18, 181 2, daughter and co- 
heiress of Edward Lewis, of Ashford, Connecticut, and had : 

25. Susan Freeman, b. about 1783, d. May 21, 1827, at 
Schodack, New York, who m. Leonard Rowe, b. July 27, 



294 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

1785, at Hillsdale, New York, d. August i, 1844, 2tt New- 
burgh, New York, and had : 

26. Sybil Ann Rowe, b. November 15, 181 2, at Schodack, 
d. August 20, 1897. She m. at Troy, New York, May 23, 

1832, George Washington Knowlton, b. at East Greenbush, 
New York, January 18, 1804, d. at Albany, New York, 
October 11, 1884, grandson of Lieutenant Daniel Knowl- 
ton, of Connecticut, a hero of the French and Indian, Revo- 
lutionary, and 181 2 wars, whose brother. Colonel Thomas 
Knowlton, slain at Harlem Heights, was commended highly 
by Washington, and buried with military honors, and had 
daughter and co-heiress : 

27. Mary Lx)uisa Knowlton, b. at Greenbush, March 26, 

1833, member of the Society Daughters of the American 
Revolution, Society of Mayflower Descendants, and the 
Order of Descendants of Colonial Governors. She in. at 
Nassau, New York, September 29, 1852, Edwin Henry 
Griffith, banker, of Castleton-on-Hudson, New York, b. De- 
cember I, 1830, at Nassau, d. May 16, 1875, ^it Albany, 
New York, grandson of Major Joshua Griffith (181 2), and 
great-grandson of William Griffith, a Revolutionary soldier, 
who was a lineal descendant of Llewellyn, last King of 
Wales, beheaded by the English in 1282, through Griffith, 
his son. Mr. Griffith was the son of Smith Griffith, 1 793- 
1878, of Nassau, New York, and his wife Lemira, daughter 
and heiress of John and Nancy (Piatt) Herrick, of Green- 
bush, New York, and granddaughter of Colonel Rufus 
Herrick, of New York, Continental Line, Revolutionary 
War. She was seventh in lineal descent from Sir William 
Herrick, of London, Leicester, and Beau Manor Park, Eng- 
land, and was eighteenth in lineal descent from Eric, King 
of Danes. Edwin Henry and Mary Louisa (Knowlton) 
Griffith had : 

28. William Herrick Griffith, of Albany, New York, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 295 

third son, named for Sir William Herrick, of London and 
Beau Manor, from whom he is ninth in descent, and twenty- 
sixth from Eric, King of Danes, b, at Castleton-on-Hudson, 
January 27, 1866, a founder and member of the Order of 
Runnemede, and member of the Society Sons of the Revo- 
lution, Society Sons of the American Revolution, Society of 
Colonial Wars, Society of Mayflower Descendants, Order 
of Founders and Patriots, Society of the War of 181 2, 
Order of Descendants of Colonial Governors, Order of the 
Old Guard, of Illinois, New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, New York Historical Society, Albany Institute, 
secretary of the Knowlton Association of America, and 
a 32° Scottish Rite Mason. He m. February 3, 1892, at 
Albany, Grace Elizabeth Clute, daughter of Hon. Matthew 
Henry Robertson, of Albany, and had issue: Margaret 
Frances, b. December 27, 1892. 

Arms. — Quarterly, i and 4, Griffith and Herrick im- 
paled ; 2 and 3, Knowlton ; over all. Freeman and South- 
worth impaled. 

Crests. — Herrick and Knowlton. 

Motto. — (Herrick) Virtus omnia nobilitaL 

Griffith. — Gu.y three lions passant, ar. in pale, armed, az. 

Herrick. — Ar., a /esse vaire, or and gu. 

Crest : A bull's head, couped, ar., homed and 
eared, sa., gorged with a chaplet of roses, ppr. 

Knowlton. — Ar., a chevron, gu.^ between three ducal coro- 
nets, sa. 
Crest : A demi-lion rampant, sa., armed, gu. 

Freeman. — Az., three lozenges, or. 

Southworth. — Ar., a chevron, sa., between three cross-cross- 

lets, sa. 



Q 

Q 

< 

< 

CO 

CO 

LU 

< 
z 

o 

tu 
O 

w 
w 
c< 

O 

a 

w 
a. 

w 
z 



d § i § § . § „. 

n n n n ^ n .5 



I 



•s -s -s -s 



JIIIIJIIMI 



e 



S S is B > S ^ 



ITI 



< ^ ;. :S ^ 



8 >^ 8 



i I * 8 1 

e 1 -8 s z 



O £ o % sa Js Si Ji ss ss 



'^ >. >. j >» 

• A A ^ ^ 



-i-l-l-l-s-l-NLsL 



^1 ^ 




* s »^ 
JJJJJ- J, 

i^ OtS Ptf A M H 0tf 



I 

* 

I 
I- 

l 
& 






Charles Samuel War4 M*D* 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John Fitz-Robert, 

Roger Bigod, John de Lacie, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Geoffrey de Say, 

Richard de Clare, Robert de Vere. 

1. 1?iCbar^ &C CISrCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, had by his wife. Lady Amicia, 
daughter of William, Earl of Gloucester : 

2. (Bilbcrt t>C ClarCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, who had by his wife, Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke : 

3. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, 
who m. secondly. Lady Maud, daughter of JOblt l)C XSCiCt 
a Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl of Lincoln, and had : 

4. Sir Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Glouces- 
ter, d. 1295, who had, by his second wife, m. May 2, 1290, 
Princess Joan Plantagenet, d. 1305, a daughter of Edward 
I., King of England, by his wife, Eleanor of Castile : 

5 . Lady Margaret de Clare, widow of Piers de Gaves- 
ton. Earl of Cornwall, who m. secondly, Hugh d'Audley, 
first Earl of Gloucester, and had by him, who d. 1 347-9 : 

6. Lady Margaret d'Audley, only child, who m. Ralph 

de Stafford, one of the original members of the Order of 

Knights of the Garter, seneschal and captain-general of 

Aquitaine, first Earl of Stafford, d. 1372, and had: 

20 297 



298 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

7. Hugh de Stafford, K.G., second Earl of Stafford, d. 
1386. He m. Lady Philippa, daughter of Thomas de Beau- 
champ, third Earl of Warwick, one of the original members 
of the Order of Knights of the Garter, a commander at 
Cressy and Poictiers, and a crusader ; d. 1 369. His father 
was Guy, second Earl of Warwick, d. 131 5, the son of Wil- 
liam de Beauchamp, first Earl of Warwick, by his wife. 
Lady Maud, widow of Gerard de Furnival, and daughter of 
John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John 
Fitz-Piers Fitz-Geoffrey, chief justice of Ireland, 1 246, and 
his wife. Lady Isabel, widow of Gilbert de Lacie, and daugh- 
ter of Sir Ralph, third son of DuOb BiOOl)t son of 1?O0Cr 
iSiOOt)t both Sureties for the Magna Charta and Earls of 
Norfolk. 

Sir Hugh, Earl of Stafford, and Lady Philippa had : 

8. Lady Margaret de Stafford, d. 1370, who m., as his 
first wife, Ralph de Nevill, K.G., created Earl of West- 
moreland and marshal of England, who took a leading part 
in the political drama of his day, d. 1425, and had : 

9. Lady Philippa de Nevill, who m. Thomas, Baron de 
Dacre, of Gillesland, d. 1457, and had : 

ID. Thomas de Dacre, eldest son, who d, v. p. He 
m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Bowet, d. 
1423, and his wife. Lady Amy, daughter of Sir Robert 
d'Ufford, d. 1400, eldest son of Sir Edmund d'Ufford, of 
Horsford, d. 1374, youngest son of Sir Ralph d'Ufford 
(brother of Robert d'Ufford, K.G., Earl of Suffolk), justice 
of Ireland, d. 1346, and his second wife, Lady Eve, daugh- 
ter of John de Clavering, Lord of Horsford, Norfolk, second 
Baron by writ, d. 1332, eldest son of Robert Fitz- Roger, d. 
1 3 II, eldest son of Roger Fitz-John, feudal Baron of Wark- 
worth and Clavering, d. 1 249, eldest son of Joblt Jlt3^ 
1?0l)Crtt one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Thomas de Dacre had by the Lady Elizabeth Bowet : 




W^ MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 299 

11. Lady Joan de Dacre, will proved June 14, i486. She 
m. ante 1457, Sir Richard Fienes, Baron Dacre in right of 
his wife. He was constable of the Tower of London and 
lord chamberlain to the household of King Edward IV., and 
d. 1484-5. 

Sir Richard Fienes was the son of Sir Roger, treasurer 
of the household to Henry VI., the son of Sir William, 
high sheriff of Surrey and Sussex, 1297, the son of Sir 
William Fynes, and his wife. Lady Joan, daughter of Sir 
Geoffrey, second Baron de Say, admiral of the king's fleet, 
d. 1359 (by his wife. Lady Maud, a daughter of the above 
Guy, Earl of Warwick, a descendant of IROOCr SSiQO^ and 
DUOb BiOOl)t both Sureties for the Magna Charta), the 
eldest son of Geoffrey, d, 1322, son of William, d. 1295, son 
of William, d. 1272, the son of (BcOtffC^ &C Sai?t one of 
the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Sir Richard Fienes, Baron Dacre, and Lady Joan 
had: 

1 2. Sir John Fienes, eldest son, who d. v. p. He m. 
Lady Alice, daughter of Henry, Baron Fitz-Hugh, of Ra- 
vensworth, d. 1472, and his wife, Lady Alice, daughter of 
Richard Nevill, K.G., Earl of Salisbury, by his wife, Lady 
Alice Montacute, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Salisbury, 
and his first wife, Lady Eleanor, daughter of Thomas de 
Holland, second Earl of Kent, marshal of England, and his 
wife. Lady Alice, daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl 
of Arundel and Surrey, d. 1375, the son of Edmund, K.B., 
eighth Earl of Arundel, executed in 1 326, and his wife, Lady 
Alice, daughter of William de Warren, d, 1286, by his wife. 
Lady Joan de Vere, daughter of Robert, Earl of Oxford, 
lord great chamberlain, d. 1 296, the son of Hugh, Earl of 
Oxford, lord great chamberlain, d, 1 203 (by his wife. Lady 

Hawyse, daughter of SabCf &C (SlUittCCI^t ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Winchester), the son of 



300 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

"Robert t>C DCVCf Earl of Oxford and lord great chamber- 
Iain, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 
Sir John Fienes and Lady Alice Fitz-Hugh had : 

13. Thomas Fienes, Baron Dacre of the South, made a 
Knight of the Bath by Henry VII., d. 1534. He m. Lady 
Anne, daughter of Sir Humphrey Bourchier, who was k. v. p. 
at Barnetfield, fighting under the royal banner, eldest son of 
John Bourchier, K.G., the fourth son of William, Earl of Eue, 
and his wife. Lady Anne Plantagenet, widow of both Thomas 
and Edmund, Earls of Stafford, and a daughter of Thomas, 
Duke of Gloucester, d. 1397, youngest son of Edward III., 
King of England. 

The wife of the Earl of Eue was Lady Alianore de Bohun, 
a daughter of Humphrey, the last Earl of Hereford and 
Essex and second Earl of Northampton, d. 1372. He 
was the only son of Sir William de Bohun, K.G., Earl of 
Northampton, d. 1360, the fourth son of Humphrey de 
Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, lord high constable of 
England, who was slain in the battle of Boroughbridge, 
March 16, 132 1-2, and his wife, m. November 14, 1302, 
Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, widow of John de Vere and 
daughter of Edward I., King of England. 

This latter Earl Humphrey was the son of Humphrey de 
Bohun, also Earl of Hereford and Essex and lord high con- 
stable, d. in 1297, the eldest son of Humphrey de Bohun, 
d. V, p., who was taken prisoner at Evesham with his father, 
also named Humphrey, who was the eldest son of Dcitin? 
be SSObUrit one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl 
of Hereford. 

Thomas Fienes, K.B., Baron Dacre, and Lady Anne had : 

14. Lady Catherine Fienes, second daughter, who m. 
Richard, son of Richard Loudenoys, of Breame, in Sussex, 
and had : 

15. Mary Loudenoys, only child, m. Thomas Harlaken- 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 301 

den, of Warhorn, Kent, his will proved in 1564, and 
had : 

16. Roger Harlakenden, of Earl's Colne, Essex, Kenard- 
iston and Woodchurch, Kent, third son, b. 1535, d, 1603. 
He m, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Hardres, of 
Kentshire, and widow of George Harlakenden, of Wood- 
church, and had by her : 

17. Richard Harlakenden, of Earl's Colne, b. 1565, d. 
August 24, 1 63 1, who m. Mary (or Margaret), daughter of 
Edward Hubbart, of Stanstead-Montfichet, and had : 

18. Mabel Harlakenden, seventh daughter, b. at Earl's 
Colne, September 27, 161 4. In 1635 she came with her 
brother, Roger Harlakenden, to New England, and m. first, 
in 1636, as his second wife, John Haynes, of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, b. 1594,* d. 1653, who was elected an assist- 
ant in 1 634 and 1 636, and governor of Massachusetts Colony 
in 1635; colonel of the Second Regiment Massachusetts 
Militia in 1636. In 1637 ^^ removed to Hartford, Connecti- 
cut, and was elected the first governor of that colony in 
April, 1639, and every second year afterwards until his 
death, March i, 1653-4. His will is printed in the N. E. 
Hist, and Geneal. Register, xvi. 167. He had by his wife, 
Mabel Harlakenden : 

19. Ruth Haynes, b. 1639, m. in 1655, Samuel Wyllys, b. 
February 19, 1631-2, d. 1709, assistant governor of the Con- 
necticut Colony, son of George Wyllys, who came to Hart- 
ford in 1638, and became governor of the Connecticut Colony 
in 1642, and had : 

20. Mehitable Wyllys, b. about 1658, who m. Rev. 
Daniel Russell, b. at Charlestown, Massachusetts, grad- 
uated, in 1 669, at Harvard College, of which he was a Fel- 
low, and was invited, in 1678, to settle as the minister of 

* See N. E. Hist, and Geneal. Register, xxxii. 311. 



302 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Charlestown,* but he died January 4, i678-9,f having 
issue : 

21. Mabel Russell, b. March, 1678-9, d. May 10, 1730; 
m. June 12, 1701, Rev. John Hubbard, b. in Ipswich, Mas- 
sachusetts, January 9, 1677, graduated at Harvard College, 
1695, and d, October 5, 1705, while pastor of the Presbyte- 
rian church at Jamaica, Long Island. He was the grandson 
of Rev. William Hubbard, minister at Ipswich, and the his- 
torian of New England, b, in England, 1621, and graduated 
at Harvard College, 1 642 ; and on the maternal side he was 
a grandson of John Leverett, governor of Massachusetts, 

16734 H^ h^^ ^y ^^s ^\^^y Mabel Russell : 

22. Lieutenant-Colonel John Hubbard, M.D., b. No- 
vember 30, 1703. He was judge of the New Haven Pro- 
bate District from 1748 till his death, October 30, 1773, and 
served during the French and Indian Wars (i 754-1 763), 
holding commission as major and commissary for the Crown 
Point Expedition, under date March 13, 1755, and was pro- 
moted lieutenant-colonel Second Connecticut Militia, Octo- 
ber, 1757, and resigned May, i77i.§ He m. August 30, 
1724, Elizabeth, b. 1703, d. August 25, 1744, daughter of 
Ensign Samuel Stevens, of Killingworth, Connecticut, and 
his wife Melatiah, daughter of Major William Bradford, the 
son of William Bradford, governor of Plymouth Colony, 
and had : 

23. Colonel Leverett Hubbard, b, Killingworth, July 
2 If 1725, graduated at Yale College, 1744, d, October 10, 
1 794. In 1 745 he went on the expedition to Louisburg, to 



* See 3d Series Col. Mass. Hist. Soc, i. 261. 

f Farmer's " First Settlers of New England," p. 250. 

J Farmer's "First Settlers of New England;** Macdonald*s "Two Cen- 
turies in the History of the Presbyterian Church, Jamaica, Long Island;** 
New Haven Colony Historical Society Papers, ii. 257. 

§ ** Colonial Records of Connecticut,** vol. x. p. 349, and vol. xiii. p. 428. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 303 

familiarize himself with surgical as well as medical cases. 
In September, 1755, he left New Haven for Crown Point at 
the head of a company of volunteers, and the next year he 
was regularly commissioned as one of the surgeons in the 
intended expedition against the same fortifications. He was 
promoted in 1771 to the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the 
militia, and two years later to that of colonel, but resigned 
his position in October, 1775.* Colonel Hubbard was a 
loyalist, and resigned his commission, but he did not refuse 
his services to the State as examiner of such as presented 
themselves desiring to secure positions on the medical staff 
in the Continental army, for which service he was appointed.-}- 
He was fourth in descent from Major-General Robert Sedg- 
wick, of the Massachusetts forces, 1652, in the expedition 
against Acadia, and also, in 1656, in the expedition against 
Jamaica, West Indies, where he died, having been made 
governor and major-general by the Protector. He m. May 
22, 1746, Sarah Whitehead, of New Haven, Connecticut, b. 
October 27, 1729, d. December 5. 1769, and had: 

24. Mary Hubbard, b. April 13, 1752, d. August 11, 1786, 
who m. March 9, 1777, Rev. John Lewis, of New Haven, b. 
March, 1746, d. April 28, 1792, the son of Captain Eldad 
Lewis, Second Regiment, Connecticut forces, French and 
Indian Wars, 1755-58, and had: 

25. Mary Whittlesey Lewis, b, November 3, 1780, d. 
January 18, 1863, who m. November 3, 1802, Samuel Ward, 
b, February 22, 1764, d. March 13, 1828, a merchant in New 
York and New Haven, fifth in descent from Andrew Ward, 
1 600-1 659, the first of the name to settle in America. He 
was a son of Richard Warde, Knight, whose arms, as below, 
were granted July 12, 1593. He came to Boston in Win- 



* Dexter's "Yale Biographies and Annals," p. 760. 
f "Public Records of Connecticut," vol. i. p. 24. 



304 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

throp's fleet; was made freeman at Boston, May 14, 1634, 
and for a short time resided at Watertown, Massachusetts ; 
was appointed by the General Court of the Bay Colony 
one of the commissioners "to govern the people at Con- 
necticut."* He was one of the five persons who held the 
first court in the colony, in April, 1636, — tried the first cause 
and made the first law. He was one of the six magistrates 
who, with committees of the lower house, first asserted the 
sovereignty of the colony by the formal declaration of war 
against the nation of the Pequots, May i, 1637 (O.S.). 
Mary Whittlesey Lewis had by Samuel Ward : 

26. Charles Samuel Ward, M.D. (Woodstock, Ver- 
mont), 1834, of New York, b. March 16, 18 13, d. May 24, 
1849. He never practised or engaged in any pursuit. He 
m. June i, 1840, Lucinda Jane Taggart, of Peterborough, 
New Hampshire, b. March 6, 1821, and had: 

27. Charles Samuel Ward, Jr., M.D., b, October 28, 
1842 ; graduated, Yale, 1863; medical cadet. United States 
army, 1862 to 1864, both inclusive; practised in New York 
City, 1 868-1 89 1 ; resident physician, New York Lying-in 
Asylum, 1869-1873; visiting and consulting obstetric sur- 
geon to the same institution, 1 873-1 891 ; assistant surgeon. 
Woman's Hospital, 1873-1885; consulting physician, Man- 
hattan Hospital, 1 885-1 89 1 ; retired from practice, 1891 ; 
one of the founders of the Order of Runnemede and a 
member of the Society of Colonial Wars. Hew. January 
30, 1873, Julia Marion Tuttle, b, June 30, 1845, ^- August 
21, 1874, and had only one child, Edith, b. March 3, 1874, 
d. October 21, 1880. 

Arms. — Az.y a cross between four eagles^ displayed, ar. 
Crests. — On a mount vert, a hind couchant, ar, 

\ Hazard's State Papers, i. p. 321. 



THE PEDIGREE C 



Qcoffray de Say. 

WmiamdeSay. 
WniUm 



deSay. 



WiUbuB MAlet. 

Hdewiae Malet. 
John de Muacesros. 
RoDert de Muscegrot. 



LwlydeSay. 

John de Sudley. Hawise de M uacegroe. 



Joan de Sudley. 
EUxabcch Botel< 



Robert de Fencn. 
■Robert de Ferrers. 
Rooert de Ferrers. 
Margery de Ferrei 



John Pits-Robert. 

I 
Roger Fitz-John. 

Robert Fits-Roger. 

Euphemia de Clavering 

Ralph de NevilU 

John de NeriU. 



Rocef Disod. 
Hash Bifod. 

Ralph Bigod. 
Isabel Bigod. 
John Fits-John. 



Biistace de \ 

William de Vei 
William de Va 
Isaod de Vesd 
Hawise de Lanvallei. Adam de WeUi 



WIllbuB 
de Umvallei. 



Maud Fits-John. 
Guy de Beauchamp. 

Thomas de Beauchamp. 

I 
Philippa Beauchamp. 

Ralph de Nevill--Margaret de Stafford. 



John de Butgh. 
Margaret de Butgh. 
John de Burgh, 
'illi 



Adam de Well< 
John de Wellet 
John de WeUes 



Margery de Wi 
Hemyle Scrop 



Ralph de Nevill. 



William de Burgh. 

Elizabeth de Burgh. 

Philippa Plantagenet Joan le Scrope, 

Elisabeth Mortimer. Henry Fitz-Hu 



Joon de 



NeviU. 



Joan de Nerill. 



Hemy de Percy. 
Henry de Percy. 



William Gascoigne^Mai]garet Percy. 



r 



Eleanor Fits-H 
Margery d'Arc 
Eleanor Conyei 



Dorothy GascoigneyNinian Markenfield. 

I 

Alice Markcnfield^Robert Mauleverer. 



Dorothy Mauleverer- 



Robert Raye-- 

I 

Grace Kaye-> 

Ri< 

Col. Natb 

GoY. Gi 

Brig.-Gen. Gt 

Ro» 

Wi 

•AncfwH 

( 

Sophie Forrest M. 



* In conformity with Ugal rtquh 



W H. M. SALTONSTALL. 



I R9«. WlllbuB d*Alblni. 

Rot. William d*AIbini. 
le RcM-rlMbd d'Albini. 



Richard de Clare. 
Oilbert de Clare. 



Saher de Qnlocej. Robert de Vere. 

I I 

Hawise de QnincejrY^^w^ ^ Vere. 

Rooertde 



Vere. 



John de Lade. Joan de Vere. 



Richard de Clare-rMaud de Lade. 



Roa. 
Roa. 
Roa. 



Thomas de Qare. 
Maud declare. 
Robert de Clifford. 
Roeer de Qifford. 



EUaabeth de Roa-rThomai de Clifford. 



MaoddeOlfibrdjRichani Wentworth. 
Riciaid W eatwofth— Iaabel Fiu-WiUiam. 



Ilatthew 



Wentworth-rEliabeth Woodmffe. 



Beatrice Wentworth-- Arthur Kaye. 



'Mnrim GnrdoD. 
EUaabeth Wanl. 
'EUabeth Rooewdl. 
•Rabaoca Winthrop. 
EUabeth Stewart. 
Maria Hodion. 
•Thomas Maraton Beare. 
Geoife B. Mickle. 
Susan S. Hunter. 
Moiial Whithrop Saltonstall. 



Roger de Mowbray. 
Roger de Mowbray. 
John de Mowbray. 

John de Mowbray. 

I I 

Richard Fitx-Alan. John de Mowbray. 

I 



Henry de Bohnn. 

Humphrey de Bohun. 
William de Mowbray. Humphrey de Bohun. 



Alice de Waxren. 
Richard Flu-Alan. 



Humphrey de Bohun. 
Humphrey de Bohun. 
William de Bohun. 
Humphrey de Bohun. 

Eleanor de Bohun. 

I 



EUabeth Fit«-Alan -"Tho mas de Mowbray. Anne Plantagenet. 

Maigaret de Mowbray. John Boorchier. 



John Howard. 



Katherine Howard->John Bourchier. 

i 

Ja ne Bourchier— Edmund Knyrett. 

John Knyvett-pAgnes Uarconit. 

Thomas Knyvett^Murid Parry. 

I ' 

Abigail KnyyettYMartin Sedley. 

I 

Muriel Sedley->Brampton Gurdon. 



Humphrey Boorchier. 



r if Judicial tUcret the name c/ Saltonttall. 



Andrew H* M* Saltonstall 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

William d'Albini, William de Lanvallei, 

Hugh Bigod, William de Malet, 

Roger Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Ros, 

Richard de Clare, Geoffrey de Say, 

John Fitz-Robert, Robert de Vere, 

John de Lacie, Eustace de Vesci. 

1. Saber be (SlUinCCl^t a Surety for the Magna Charta, 
Earl of Winchester, had by his wife. Lady Margaret de 
Bellomont, or Beaumont : 

2. Lady Hawise de Quincey, who m. Hugh de Vere, 
Earl of Oxford, eldest son of l?Ol)Crt bC IPCCC, a Magna 
Charta Surety, Earl of Oxford, and had : 

3. Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, lord great chamber- 
lain, m. Lady Alice, daughter of Gilbert, Baron Saundford, 
chamberlain- in-fee to Queen Eleanor, and had : 

4. Lady Joan de Vere, m. William de Warren, k. v. p. 
1285, eldest son of John Plantagenet, Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, and had : 

5. Lady Alice de Warren, m. Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., 
Earl of Arundel, beheaded 1326, and had : 

6. Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel, m. sec- 
ondly, Lady Eleanor, daughter of Henry Plantagenet, Earl 
of Lancaster, a grandson of King Henry III., and had : 

7. Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel, beheaded 

305 



306 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

1397, m, first, Lady Elizabeth, daughter of William de 
Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and had : 

8. Lady Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, m. secondly, as second 
wife, Thomas de Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, Duke of 
Norfolk, first earl marshal of England, d. in banishment, 
1 400, whose descent was : 

TRaiUiam be flDOWbra^, a Magna Charta Surety, had by 
his wife, Lady Agnes, daughter of William d'Albini, Earl of 
Arundel and Sussex : 

Roger de Mowbray, d. 1266, m. Lady Maud, daughter 
of William de Beauchamp, of Bedford, and had : 

Roger de Mowbray, d, 1 298, m. Lady Rose de Clare, a 
granddaughter of Richard de Clare, and had : 

John de Mowbray, executed 1321, m. Lady Aliva, daugh- 
ter of William de Braose, of Gower, and had : 

John de Mowbray, d. 1361, m. Lady Joan, daughter of 
Henry Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, a grandson of King 
Henry III., and had : 

John de Mowbray, d. 1368, m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter 
of John de Segrave and Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, a 
granddaughter of King Edward I., and had : 

Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, d. 1400, who 
had by Lady Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, aforesaid : 

9. Lady Margaret de Mowbray, m. Sir Robert Howard, 
and had : 

ID. Sir John Howard, Duke of Norfolk, earl marshal, 
m. Lady Margaret Chedworth, and had : 

II. Lady Catherine Howard, m. Sir John Bourchier, 
Baron Berners, d. 1532, who was descended as follows: 

Henri? be IfBObun^ a Magna Charta Surety, Earl of 
Hereford and Essex, had by his wife, Lady Maud, daughter 
of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, and 
sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, a Magna Charta Surety : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, lord 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 307 

high constable, d. 1274, m. first, Lady Maud, daughter of 
Henry d'Eue, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son, d. v. /., who m. Lady 
Eleanor, daughter of William de Braose, of Brecknock, and 
had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, lord 
high constable, d. 1 297, m. Lady Maud, daughter of Ingel- 
ram de Fienes, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, lord 
high constable, k. 1^21, m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter of 
King Edward L, and had : 

William de Bohun, K.G., Earl of Northampton, d. 1360, 
m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew de Badles- 
mere, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, second Earl of Northampton, d. 
1372, m. Lady Joan, daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., 
Earl of Arundel, d. 1375, and had: 

Lady Eleanor de Bohun, m. Thomas, of Woodstock, Duke 
of Gloucester, son of King Edward III., and had : 

Lady Anne Plantagenet, m. Sir William Bourchier, Earl 
of Ewe, d. 1 41 2, and had : 

John Bourchier, K.G., Baron Berners, d. 1474, m. Lady 
Margery, daughter of Richard Berners, of West Horsley, 
Surrey, and had : 

Sir Humphrey Bourchier, eldest son, k. v. p., who m. Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Sir Frederick Tilney, and had : 

Sir John Bourchier, Baron Berners, aforesaid, d. 1532, 
who had by Lady Catherine Howard : 

12. Lady Jane Bourchier, d. 1561, m. Edmund Knyvett, 
of Ashwelthorpe, sergeant-porter to King Henry VIII., d, 
1539, and had : 

13. John Knyvett, of Plumstead, Norfolk, m. Agnes, 
daughter of Sir John Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Ox- 
ford, and had : 



308 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

14. Sir Thomas Knyvett, d. 1 616-17, m. Muriel Parry, 
and had : 

15. Abigail Knyvett, m. Sir Martin Sedley, and had: 

16. Muriel Sedley, m. Brampton Gurdon, of Assington, 
Suffolk, high sheriff, 1629, member of Parliament for Sud- 
bury, 1620, and had: 

17. Muriel Gurdon, m. Richard Saltonstall, of Ipswich, 
Massachusetts, whose descent was as follows : 

"Robert be 1?O0, a Magna Charta Surety, had by his 
wife. Lady Isabel, a natural daughter of William the Lion, 
King of Scotland : 

William de Ros, of Hamelake, d, 1258, in. Lady Lucia, 
daughter of Reginald Fitz-Piers, of Blewleveny, Wales, and 
had: 

Robert de Ros, of Hamelake, d. 1285, m. Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William, eldest son of TRAiUiam b'Blbitti^ a 
Magna Charta Surety, and had : 

William de Ros, of Hamelake, d. 13 16, m. Lady Maud, 
daughter of John de Vaux, of Feston, and had : 

William de Ros, of Hamelake, d. 1342, m. Margery, sister 
and coheiress of Giles de Badlesmere, of Leeds Castle, 
and had : 

Thomas de Ros, of Hamelake, d. 1384, in. Beatrix, 
daughter of Ralph, K.G., first Earl of Stafford, and had : 

Lady Elizabeth de Ros, m. Thomas de Clifford, of Ap- 
pleby, d. 1392, whose descent was as follows : 

1?iCbarb be ClarCt a Magna Charta Surety, Earl of 
Hertford, had by his wife. Lady Amicia, daughter of Wil- 
liam, Earl of Gloucester : 

(Gilbert be Clare^ a Magna Charta Surety, Earl of 
Hertford and Gloucester, m. Lady Isabel, daughter of Wil- 
liam Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and sister of William 
Marshall, a Magna Charta Surety, and had : 

Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, m. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 309 

secondly, Lady Maud, daughter of 30bn bC lACiC^ a 
Magna Charta Surety, Earl of Lincoln, and had : 

Thomas de Clare, governor of London, 1274, d. 1287, m. 
Amy, daughter of Sir Maurice Fitz-Maurice, and had : 

Lady Maud de Clare, m. Robert de Clifford, of Appleby, 
k. 1313, and had: 

Robert de Clifford, d. 1 340, m. Lady Isabel de Berkeley, 
and had : 

Roger de Clifford, of Appleby, m. Lady Maud, daughter 
of Thomas de Beau champ. Earl of Warwick, and had : 

Thomas de Clifford, of Appleby, d. 1392, aforesaid, who 
had by Lady Elizabeth de Ros, or Roos : 

Lady Maud de Clifford, m. Richard Wentworth, of Bret- 
ton, and had : 

Richard Wentworth, d. 1448, m. Isabel, daughter of Sir 
William Fitz-William, of Sprotsborough, and had : 

Matthew Wentworth, of Bretton, d. 1504, m. Elizabeth 
Wood ruffe, and had : 

Beatrice Wentworth, m. Arthur Kaye, of Woodsome, 
Yorkshire, and had : 

John Kaye, of Woodsome, 1585, m. Dorothy Maulev- 
erer, whose descent was as follows : 

1?0dCt BigObt a Magna Charta Surety, Earl of Norfolk, 
m. first, Lady Isabel, daughter of Hameline Plantagenet, 
Earl of Surrey, and had: 

liUdb BifiObt ^ Magna Charta Surety, Earl of Norfolk, 
m. Lady Maud, daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pem- 
broke, and sister of William Marshall, a Magna Charta 
Surety, and had : 

Sir Ralph Bigod, third son, m. Berta, daughter of Baron 
de Fur nival, and had : 

Lady Isabel Bigod, m. secondly, John Fitz-Piers Fitz- 
Geoffrey, justiciary of Ireland, 1246, and had: 

John Fitz-John, justiciary of Ireland, 1258, who had; 



3IO THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Lady Maud Fitz-John, m. secondly, William de Beau- 
champ, first Earl of Warwick, d. 1 298, and had : 

Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, d. 131 5, tn. Lady 
Alice, daughter of Ralph de Toni, and had : 

Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G., Earl of Warwick, d. 1369, 
m. Lady Catherine, daughter of Roger de Mortimer, Earl 
of March, and had : 

Lady Philippa de Beauchamp, m, Hugh de Stafford, K.G., 
second Earl of Stafford, d. 1386, and had : 

Lady Margaret de Stafford, m. Ralph de Nevill, K.G., 
first Earl of Westmoreland, d, 1425, whose descent was : 

30bn J1t3«'1?0l)Crtt a Magna Charta Surety, had by his 
wife. Lady Ada de Baliol : 

Roger Fitz-John, lord of Clavering, d. 1249, who had : 

Robert Fitz-Roger de Clavering, first Baron by writ, d. 
131 1, w. Lady Margaret de la Zouche, and had : 

Lady Euphemia de Clavering, who m., as his first wife, 
Ralph, Baron de Nevill, of Raby, d. 1331, and had: 

Ralph de Nevill, of Raby, second Baron, d, 1367, m. Lady 
Alice, daughter of Hugh d'Audley, and had : 

John de Nevill, K.G., third Baron, admiral of the fleet, 
d. 1388, m. Lady Maud, daughter of Henry, Baron Percy, 
of Alnwick, and had : 

Ralph de Nevill, K.G., fourth Baron, created Earl of 
Westmoreland, earl marshal, aforesaid, who had by Lady 
Margaret de Stafford : 

Ralph de Nevill, second son, m. Lady Margery, daughter 
of Sir Robert, second Baron de Ferrers, of Wemme, by his 
wife, Lady Joan de Beaufort, a granddaughter of King Ed- 
ward III. Lord Ferrers was descended as follows : 

TRniUiam be (llalCtt a Magna Charta Surety, m. a daugh- 
ter of Thomas Basset, and had : 

Lady Helewise de Malet, who m. Sir Robert de Musce- 
gros, lord of Norton and Berwain, and had : 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 311 

John de Muscegros, of Charlton, Somerset, d, 1275, who 
had : 

Sir Robert de Muscegros, of Charlton, who had : 

Hawyse de Muscegros, who m. John, first Baron Fer- 
rers, of Chartley, d. 1324, and had : 

Robert de Ferrers, second Baron, d. 1350, m. Lady Agnes, 
daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and 
Essex, k, 1 32 1, a descendant of HcnC^ bC SBObUttt a Magna 
Charta Surety, and had : 

Sir Robert, first Baron de Ferrers, of Wemme, d. 1410, 
m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of William, third 
Baron Boteler, of Wemme, d, 1369, and his wife. Lady Joan, 
daughter of John, Baron de Sudley, son of John de Sudley, 
lord chamberlain to Edward I., d. 1336, and his wife, a daugh- 
ter of William, Baron de Say, d. 1 295, the son of William, 
Baron de Say, governor of Rochester Castle, d. 1272, the 
son of (BCOflfrClJ be S&^t a Magna Charta Surety, and 
had: 

Sir Robert, second Baron de Ferrers, of Wemme and 
Oversley, aforesaid, whose daughter, Lady Margery, m. 
Ralph de Nevill, and had : 

John Nevill, of Wymesley, York, d. 1482, m. first, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Robert, Baron de Newmarch, and had, 
only child : 

Joan Nevill, m. first, Sir William Gascoigne, of Gawthorpe, 
York, d, 1464, and had : 

Sir William Gascoigne, of Gawthorpe, m. Lady Margaret 
Percy, whose descent was as follows : 

TWliUiam be lanvalleit, a Magna Charta Surety, had 
by his wife, a daughter of Alan Basset, of Wycombe : 

Lady Hawise de Lanvallei, d. 1330, m. Sir John de Burgh, 
son of Hubert, Earl of Kent, and had : 

John de Burgh, Baron of Lanvallei, d. s. p. m., 1279, who 
had : 



312 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Lady Margaret de Burgh, m. Richard de Burgh, second 
Earl of Ulster, justiciary of Ireland, d. 1326, and had : 

John de Burgh, m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Gilbert 
de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1295, and 
Lady Joan, daughter of King Edward I., and had : 

William de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, m. Lady Maud, daugh- 
ter of Henry Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster and Leicester, 
a grandson of King Henry III., and had, only child : 

Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, m. Lionel Plantagenet, Duke 
of Clarence, a son of King Edward III., and had : 

Lady Philippa Plantagenet, only child, m. Edmund de 
Mortimer, Earl of March, d. 1 38 1 , and had : 

Lady Elizabeth de Mortimer, m. Sir Henry Percy (** Hot- 
spur**), k, 1403, at Shrewsbury, and had: 

Henry Percy, second Earl of Northumberland, k. at St. 
Albans, 1455, m. Lady Eleanor, daughter of Ralph de Nevill, 
first Earl of Westmoreland, and his second wife, Lady Joan 
de Beaufort, a granddaughter of King Edward III., and had : 

Henry Percy, third Earl of Northumberland, m. Lady 
Eleanor, daughter of Richard, Baron Poynings, and had : 

Lady Margaret Percy, who m. Sir William Gascoigne, 
whose descent is given above, and had : 

Dorothy Gascoigne, m. Sir Ninian, or Nyan, de Marken- 
field (see his descent on p. 195), whose descent was : 

£U0taCC be lI)C0Ci, a Magna Charta Surety, m. Lady 
Margaret, daughter of William the Lion, King of Scots, and 
had: William, d. 1253, who had by his second wife, Lady 
Agnes, daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby: 
William, second son, second Baron by writ, d. 1297, m. Isa- 
bel, daughter of Adam Periton, and had : Isabel, m. William 
de Welles, and had : Adam, first Baron by writ, 1299, who 
had : Adam, second son and third Baron, d. 1345, who had : 
John, fourth Baron, d. 1361, who had : John, fifth Baron, who 
had : Margery, widow of John de Huntingfield, m, secondly. 







ANDREW H. M. SALTONSTALL. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 313 

Sir Stephen le Scrope, second Baron, of Masham, and had : 
Sir Henry, third Baron, m. first, Philippa, daughter of Sir 
Guy de Brien, and had : Lady Joan, m. Henry Fitz-Hugh, 
second Baron, and had : Henry, third Baron, who had : Lady 
Eleanor, nt. Philip, sixth Baron d'Arcy, d. 141 8, and had: 
Margery, nt. Sir John Conyers, K.G., and had: Eleanor, 
m. Sir Thomas de Markenfield, d. 1497, and had: Ninian 
Markenfield, who m, Dorothy Gascoigne, aforesaid, and 
had : 

Alice Markenfield, m. Robert Mauleverer, son of Sir 
William Mauleverer, of Wothersome, Yorkshire (see p. 
198), and had: 

Dorothy Mauleverer, m. John Kaye, aforesaid, and had : 

Robert Kaye, of Woodsome, 161 2, m. Ann, daughter 
of John Flower, of Whitewell, and had : 

Grace Kaye, m. Sir Richard Saltonstall, of Huntwick, b. 
1586. He was one of the first-named associates of the 
original patentees of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the 
charter granted May 4, 1628, also first named among the 
assistants appointed thereby, and was one of the original 
patentees of Connecticut. He came to America in April, 
1630, and was the founder of Watertown, Massachusetts. 
He returned to England and was ambassador to Holland, 
and was a member of the high court of justice held to try 
the Duke of Hamilton and others for high treason. His 
eldest son by Grace Kaye was : 

Richard Saltonstall, of Ipswich, Massachusetts, b. at 
Woodsome, York, 1610, d. at Hulme, England, 1694. 
He came to New England with his father, and was deputy 
to the general court, 1635-7; assistant, 1 637-1683; ser- 
geant-major in Colonel Endicott's regiment, 1641. He m.^ 
as above, Muriel Gurdon, and had : 

18. Nathaniel Saltonstall, of Haverhill, Massachu- 
setts, b. Ipswich, 1639, d. May 21, 1707. He was assist- 

21 



314 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

ant, 1679-92 ; member of the governor's council, and judge 
and colonel, and m. December 28, 1 663, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Rev. John Ward, and had : 

19. GuRDON Saltonstall, of New London, Connecticut, 
eldest son, b. March 27, 1666, d. September 20, 1724. He 
was governor of Connecticut Colony, 1 708-24, and had by 
his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William Rosewell : 

20. GuRDON Saltonstall, of New London, b. 1 708. He 
served as delegate to several colonial conventions ; was a 
member of the several committees of New London conduct- 
ing continental affairs, and was made a brigadier-general in 
1776. He m. March 15, 1732, Rebecca, daughter of John 
Winthrop, F.R.S., d. London, 1747 (a son of Chief Justice 
Wait Still Winthrop, son of John Winthrop, governor of 
Connecticut and New Haven Colonies, 165 7-1 676, son of 
John Winthrop, the "Father of the Massachusetts Colony,'* 
governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1 629-1 649), and 
his wife Anne, daughter of Joseph Dudley, president of 
the colony of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine, 
1686; chief justice of New York, 1692 ; governor of Mas- 
sachusetts, 1702-15, son of Thomas Dudley, governor of 
Massachusetts Colony, 1 634-1 650; major-general, 1646, 
and had : 

21. Rose WELL Saltonstall, seventh child, 1 741-1804, m. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew Stewart, of New London, 
and had : 

22. William Saltonstall, of New York, seventh child, 
d. 1842, m., in England, Maria Hudson, and had : 

23. Mary Susan Saltonstall, who m. Thomas Marston 
Beare, of New York, and had: 

24. Isabel Beare, m. George B. Mickle, of Bay side. 
Long Island, New York, and had : 

25. Andrew H. M. Saltonstall (who, in conformity with 
legal requirements, assumed, by judicial decree, the name 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 31 5 

of Saltonstall), of Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, a 
founder and member of the Order of Runnemede, Society 
of Colonial Wars, and Society Sons of the Revolution. He 
m. June 9, 1892, Susan Summers, daughter of Dr. John 
Harrison and Sophie (Forrest) Hunter, of Berkeley 
Springs, and had: Sophie Forrest and Muriel Winthrop 
Saltonstall. 

Arms. — Quarterly, i and 4, Saltonstall ; 2, Mickle ; 3, 
Beare. 

Crests. — Saltonstall and Mickle. 

Motto. — Teneo tenner e majores. 

Saltonstall. — Or, a bend between two eaglets, displayed, sa. 

Crest. — An eaglet's head and neck, cauped, az., issuing out 

of ducal coronet, or. 

Mickle. — Gu., a chevron between three crosses pattie fitchie, 

each cantoned with four cross-crosslets, ar. 

Crest. — A stag's head, couped at the neck, or. 

Beare. — Ar., a bear rampant, sa., a canton, gu. 



Ferdinand P* Earle 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, Roger Bigod, 

Geoffrey de Say. 

1. ©COflfrC^ be Sai?t one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, d. 1230, had by his wife, Lady Alice, daughter and 
coheiress of John de Cheney : 

2. William de Say, governor of the casde of Rochester, 
44 Henry III., and was at the battle of Lewes, on the side 
of the king. He d. in 1272, and was succeeded by his son : 

3. William de Say, who had, with others, in 22 Edward 
II., summons to advise with the king upon affairs of the 
realm, and subsequently did military duty in Gascony. He 
d. 1295, and was succeeded by his son : 

4. Geoffrey de Say, then only fourteen years old, whose 
wardship was given to William, first Baron de Leyburne, 
in order that he might marry Idonae, daughter of the said 
William. In 7 Edward II. he had summons to Parliament as 
a Baron, and d. in 1322, having issue by the Lady Idonae : 

5. Geoffrey de Say, second Baron. Being of age, 19 
Edward II., he had livery of his lands and was summoned 
to Parliament, and 10 Edward III. he was constituted an 
admiral of the king's fleet, and was constantly afterwards 
employed in the wars of France and Flanders, and d. 1359. 
He m. Lady Maud (Matilda), daughter of Guy de Beau- 
champ, second Earl of Warwick, d. 1315, and his wife. Lady 

316 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 317 

Alice, daughter of Ralph de Toni, of Flamstead, Herts, and 
widow of Thomas de Leybume. 

Guy, Earl of Warwick, aforesaid, was the son of William 
de Beauchamp, of Elmley Castle, created Earl of War- 
wick, d. 1298, and his wife. Lady Maud, widow of Gerard 
de Furnival, of Sheffield, and daughter of John Fitz-John, 
chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz-Geoffi^ey, 
chief justice of Ireland, 1 246, and his wife. Lady Isabel, 
widow of Gilbert de Lacie, lord of Meath, and daughter of 
Sir Ralph Bigod, third son of Hufib »ifiOb, son of •ROfiCt 
3Bi(jO&t both Sureties for the Magna Charta and Earls of 
Norfolk. 

Geoffi*ey de Say and the Lady Maud had : 

6. Lady iDONiE de Say, who m. Sir John, third Baron de 
Clinton, of Mantoch, governor of Warwick Castle, b. 1326, 
d. 1397, and had: 

7. Lady Margaret Clinton, who m. Sir Baldwin de 
Montfort, Knight, and had : 

8. Sir William de Montfort, Knight, d. 1453, who m. 
Margaret, granddaughter of Sir John Peche, d. 1376, and 
daughter of Sir John Peche, d, 1 386, and had : 

9. Sir Baldwin de Montfort, Knight, b. 1445, d. 1475, 
who m. Joanna Vernon, and had : 

ID. Robert de Montfort, of Bescote, Staffordshire, and 
Monkspath, Warwickshire, who had : 

11. Catherine Montfort, heiress, who nt. George 
Bothe, d. 1483, eldest son of Sir William Bothe, of Dun- 
ham-Massie, County Chester, high sheriff of Chester for 
life, d. 1476, and his wife Maud, daughter of John Dutton, 
of Dutton, Cheshire, d. 1445, and sister of Sir Thomas de 
Dutton, k. at Bloreheath in 1459, and had: 

12. Sir William Bothe, eldest son, d November 9, 
1520, who had by his second wife, Ellen, daughter of Sir 
John Montgomery, of Trewly, Staffordshire : 



3l8 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

13. Jane Bothe, widow of Hugh, son of Sir Piers de 
Dutton, County Chester, who m. secondly, Thomas Hol- 
ford, of Holford, County Chester, and had : 

14. Dorothy Holford, who m, (as his second wife) John 
Bruen, of Bruen-Stapleford, County Chester, b. 15 10, d. 
May 14, 1580, and had: 

15. John Bruen, eldest son; bapt. 1560; d. January 18, 
1625-6; buried at Tarrin. He was known as **the cele- 
brated John Bruen" (see Omerod's " History of Cheshire," 
ii. 320), and had by his second wife, Ann, daughter of John 
Fox: 

16. Obadiah Bruen, second son and fourth child by sec- 
ond wife, bapt December 25, 1606, who came to the Ply- 
mouth Colony, New England, before 1640, and was one of 
the founders of New London, Connecticut, 1650, and of 
Newark, New Jersey, 1667, where he d. after 1680, having 
issue by his wife Sarah, whose surname has not been pre- 
served: 

17. John Bruen, of Newark, New Jersey, d. ante 1696, 
who had by his wife, Esther Lawrence, m, ante 1 680 : 

18. Rebecca Bruen, who m. Thomas Montagne, of New 
York, b. 1 69 1, son of Vincent Montagne, b, 1657, and had: 

19. Hannah Montagne, b. 1737, who m. February 8, 
1755, Morris Earle, of New York, b. 1734, son of Marma- 
duke Earle, b. Bergen, New Jersey, October 6, 1696, and 
had: 

20. William Earle, b. Watertown, Massachusetts, April 
22, 1775, who m. Martha Pinto, b. New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, May 19, 1780, and had: 

21. William Pitt Earle, b. Worcester, Massachusetts, 
June 14, 18 1 2, who m. April 13, 1836, Elizabeth, b. De- 
cember 25, 18 1 7, daughter of Judge Benjamin Pinney, of 
Ellington, Connecticut, b. July 4, 1780, and Susannah Mc- 
Kinney, b. July 6, 1780, and had : 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 319 

22. Ferdinand Pinney Earle, of New York City, b. 
Hartford, Connecticut, September 11, 1839. He was ap- 
pointed, January i, 1889, on his staff by Governor Hill, of 
New York, with the rank of brigadier-general, and served 
also on the staff of Governor Flower. He is one of the 
founders of the Order of Runnemede, a member of the 
Society of Colonial Wars, and a member of other American 
patriotic and historical societies. He m. first, December 4, 
1 861, Mary Lay Hutchings, who d. s. p. in Paris, Septem- 
ber II, 1870, and m. secondly, November 6, 1871, Lydia 
Jones, b. May 29, 1844, widow of Dorephus Tuttle, of Bos- 
ton, d. s. /., and daughter of David George Smith, of Hali- 
fax, Nova Scotia, and his wife Catherine, daughter of Cap- 
tain Jacob Locke, of Shelborn, Nova Scotia, a descendant 
of the Emperor Charlemagne (see "Americans of Royal 
Descent," pp. 825, 826), and had issue: Ferdinand Pinney, 
6. June 8, 1878; Victor de la Montagne, 6. May 24, 1880; 
William Pitt Striker, b. December 28, 1882 ; and Guyon 
Locke Crocheron, 6. May 25, 1884. 

Arms. — Qtiarterly, i and 4, gu., a SL George cross, ar., 

2 and 3, az., three escollopes, gu. ; over all a Si. 
George cross, ar. 

Crest. — A nag 's head^ erased, sa., maned, or, on an esquire^ s 
helmet. 

Motto. — Vulneritus non victus. 



THE PEDIGREE OF SCHUYLER L. PARSONS. 



WlllUun de Lanvallel. Rlcli«rd de Clare. 



Hatnae de Lan valid. 
John de Burgh. 
Maigaret de Burgh. 



ailbert de Clare. 

Isabel de Qare. 
Robert de Bruce. 



Elizabeth de Burgh— Robert Bruce, King 



Margaret de Bruce. 
Wiluam de Sutherland. 
Robert de Sutherland. 
John de Sutherland. 
John de Sutherland— 



of Scotland. 



Roffer BIgod. 
Nagh BIgod. 

Ralph Bigod. 

Isabel Bigod. 

John Fltz-John. 

Maud Fitz-John. 

I 
Isabel de Beauchamp. 

Maud de Chaworth. 



Sahcr 
de 
Robert de Vere. QuIncey. 

twise de 



Hugh de Vere-T-Ha^ 



Robert de Vere. 

Joan de Vere. 

I 
Alice de Warren. 



Quincey. 



eI^ 



eanor PlantagenetYRichJard Fitz-Alan. 

I 
Alice Fitz-Alan. 

Margaret de Holland. 

Joan de Beaufort— James I., King of Scotland. 

Annabel Stewarts-George Gordon. 



Elizabeth de Sutherland— Adam Gordon, of Aboyne. 

Alexander Gordon, Earl of Sutherland,— Lady Janet Stewart. 

I 

Sir John Gordon, Earl of Sutherland,— Lady Helen Stewart. 

Alexander Gordon, Earl of Sutherland,— Lady Jean Gordon. 

I 

Sir Robert Gordon, Bart.,YLouise Gordon. 

I ' 

Catherine Gordon— Col. David Barclay, of Ury. 



John Barclay, Deputy-Governor of East Jersey,— Cornelia Van Schaick. 

Rev. Thomas Barclay, of Albany, N. Y.,— Anna Dorothea Dradyer. 

I 

Rev. Heiuy Barclay, D.D., of New York Gty,— Mary Rutgers. 

I 

Col. Thomas Barclay, of New York Gty,— Susan de Lancey. 

Anne Barclay— William Bnrrington Parsons, R.N. 



William Barclay Parsons, of New York City,— Eliza Livingston. 

Schuyler Livingston Parsons, of New York City. 



Schuyler Livingston Parsons 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, William de Lanvallei, 

Roger Bigod, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Vere. 
Richard de Clare, 

1. Wlilliam ^C tlanvallCi, a Surety for the Magna 
Charta, m. a daughter of Alan Basset, of Wycombe, and had : 

2. Lady Hawyse de Lanvallei, who m. Sir John, eldest 
son of Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, chief justice of Eng- 
land, and had : 

3. John de Burgh, Baron of Lanvallei, d. 1279, who had : 

4. Lady Margaret de Burgh, who m. Richard de Burgh, 
second Earl of Ulster, lord justice of Ireland, d. 1326, and 
had : 

5. Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, d. 1327, who m. in 1302, 
as his second wife, Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, the 
eldest son of Robert, Earl of Annandale, cl. 1304, the eldest 
son of Robert, Earl of Annandale, ^. 1295, and his first wife. 
Lady Isabel, daughter of (BilbCtt bC ClSrCt son of 1?icbarb 
be ClArCt both Sureties for the Magna Charta and Earls of 
Hertford. 

Lady Elizabeth and Robert I., King of Scotland, had : 

6. Princess Margaret Bruce, d. 1358, widow of Robert 

Glen, of Pittedy. She m. secondly, 1344, as his first wife, 

William, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1370, and had: 

321 



322 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

7. William, Earl of Sutherland, second son, who had 
by his wife, whose name has not been preserved : 

8. Robert, Earl or Sutherland, d. 1442. He m. Lady 
Mabilla, daughter of John, Earl of Moray, second son of 
Patrick Dunbar, Earl of Dunbar and March, d. 1369 (a de- 
scendant of (Biibcrt be ittlarc and •Ricbarb be Clare, both 

Sureties for the Magna Charta), and his first wife, Lady 
Agnes Randolph, known as "Black Agnes" (daughter of 
Thomas, first Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, only son 
of Sir Thomas Randolph, of Strathwith, high chamberlain 
of Scotland, 1296, and his wife. Lady Isabel, sister of King 
Robert Bruce and daughter of Robert, Earl of Annandale 
and Carrick, a descendant of (BilbCft bC ClatCt son of 
1?iCbarb ^Z ClarCt both Sureties for the Magna Charta), 
who, during the absence of her husband, successfully de- 
fended the Castle of Dunbar for nineteen weeks against the 
English in 1337. 

Robert, Earl of Sutherland, and Lady Mabilla had : 

9. John, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1460, m. Margaret, 
daughter of Sir William Baillie, of Lamington, and had : 

ID. John, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1508, m. Lady Mar- 
garet Macdonald, daughter of Alexander, Earl of Ross, d. 
1 448, and had : 

II. Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland, d, 1535, sister 
and heiress of John, Earl of Sutherland, who d. s. p. 15 14. 
She m. Adam Gordon, of Aboyne, d. March 17, 1527, who 
in right of his wife was Earl of Sutherland. He was the 
second son of George Gordon, second Earl of Huntly (a 
descendant of David L, King of Scotland, and of (BilbCft 
^^ Clare and "Ricbarb ^ ClarCt both Sureties for the 
Magna Charta), and his wife. Princess Annabella, daughter 
of James I., King of Scotland, (a descendant of (BilbCtt "^ 
Clare and "Ricbarb ^^ ClarCt both Sureties for the Magna 
Charta), by his wife. Lady Joan de Beaufort. 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 323 

Lady Joan de Beaufort, who m. 1424, as her first hus- 
band, King James I., was a daughter of John, Earl of Som- 
erset, Marquis of Dorset, lord high admiral and high 
chamberlain of England, d. 14 10 (a son of John, Duke of 
Lancaster, a son of Edward III., King of England, and his 
wife, Lady Philippa, of Hainault), and his wife. Lady Mar- 
garet de Holland, daughter of Thomas, second Earl of Kent, 
earl marshal of England, d. 1397, son of Sir Thomas de Hol- 
land, K.G., Earl of Kent, captain-general of France and 
Normandy, d. 1360, by his wife. Lady Joan Plantagenet, the 
Fair Maid of Kent, daughter of Edmund, Earl of Kent, a 
son of Edward I., King of England, and his second wife. 
Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip III., King of France. 

The wife of the second Earl of Kent was Lady Alice, 
daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and 
Surrey, d. 1375, by his second wife. Lady Eleanor Plantage- 
net, daughter of Henry, third Earl of Lancaster, d. 1345 
(son of Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, d. 1295, a son of 
Henry III, King of England), and his wife. Lady Maud, 
daughter of Patrick de Chaworth by his wife, Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William de Beauchamp, created Earl of War- 
wick, d. 1298, and his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of John 
Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz- 
Geoffrey, chief justice of Ireland, 1 246, by his wife. Lady 
Isabel, widow of Gilbert de Lacie and daughter of Sir Ralph 

Bigod, son of Hufib »ifiOt)t son of 'ROfiCr »ifiOb, both 
Sureties for the Magna Charta and Earls of Norfolk. 

Richard Fitz-Alan, aforesaid, was the son of Edmund, K.B., 
Earl of Arundel, beheaded in 1326, and his wife. Lady 
Alice, daughter of William de Warren, d. 1286, by his wife, 
Lady Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, 
d. 1 296, son of Hugh, Earl of Oxford, great high chamber- 
lain, d. 1263 (by his wife, Lady Hawyse, daughter of SsbCr 
&C (SlUinCC^t one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, 



324 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Earl of Winchester), son of "RobCrt hC IDCtC, Earl of Ox- 
ford, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 
Countess Elizabeth and Adam Gordon had : 

12. Alexander Gordon, Earl of Sutherland, d, 1529, m. 
Lady Janet, daughter of Sir John Stewart, of Balveny, the 
eldest son of Lady Joan de Beaufort, queen dowager of 
Scotland, a lineal descendant, as before stated, of kings of 
England and France, and of Hufib BifiOt), l?OfiCr BifiObt 

Saber be ©uincei?, ^^^ "Robert be IDere, Sureties for the 

Magna Charta, and her second husband. Sir James Stewart, 

of Lorn, a descendant of (Biibert be Claret Wcbarb be 

Clare, and MilUam be tlanvalleit Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, created, in 1457, Earl of Athol, cl. 15 12, and his first 
wife. Lady Margaret, dowager of William, Earl of Douglas, 
and daughter of Archibald, Earl of Douglas and second 
Duke of Touraine, and his second wife. Lady Euphemia, 
daughter of Sir Patrick Graham and his wife Euphemia, 
daughter of David, Earl of Strathern, only son of Robert 
IL, King of Scotland, and his second wife, Euphemia, 
Countess of Moray, a descendant of (Biibert be Clare and 
*RiCbarb be Claret both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 
Alexander, Earl of Sutherland, and Lady Janet had : 

13. Sir John Gordon, Earl of Sutherland, cl. 1567, m. 
secondly. Lady Helen, d. 1563-5, widow of William, Earl 
of Erroll, and daughter of John Stewart, third Earl of Len- 
nox, k. 1 526, a descendant of (Biibert be Clare and "Ricbarb 

be Claret both Sureties for the Magna Charta, and his wife. 
Lady Anne Stewart, daughter of John, first Earl of Athol, 
and had : 

14. Alexander Gordon, Earl of Sutherland, d. 1594, m. 
secondly, December 13, 1573, Lady Jean Gk)rdon, a descend- 
ant, through her parents, of (Biibert be Clare, "Ricbarb be 

Claret Mudb £idobt 1?oger £igob, Saber be ^uincei?, 

and "Robert be IDere, Sureties for the Magna Charta, daugh- 



■• ■ 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 325 

ter of George, fourth Earl of Huntly, and his wife, Lady Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Robert, Lord Keith, k. at Flodden, 1 5 1 3, 
and had by her : 

15. Sir Robert Gordon, of Gordonstown, fourth son, b. 
May 14, 1580. He was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia, 
being the first creation of that order, May 28, 1625, when 
he had a charter of the barony of Gordon, in Nova Scotia, 
and d. in 1656. He m. at London, February 16, 161 3, 
Louise, daughter of John Gordon, of Longormes, and dean 
of Salisbury, eldest son of Alexander Gordon, titular Arch- 
bishop of Athens, Bishop of Galloway, d. 1576, a brother 
of George Gordon, fourth Earl of Hundy, and a descend- 
ant of James L, King of Scotland, and of (BilbCft t)C ClRrC 
and "Ricbarb be ClarCt Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Sir Robert Gordon, Bart, had by his wife, Louise Gordon: 

16. Lady Catherine Gordon, second daughter, b, Jan- 
uary II, i62i,fl?. 1663. She m. December 26, 1647, Colonel 
David Barclay, of Ury, in Kincardine, b, 1610, d. 1681, gov- 
ernor of Strathbogie, and member of Parliament, 1654-58. 
He -was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, 1663-4 ; joined the 
religious Society of Friends in 1 666, and was again impris- 
oned, 1666-7, because of his religious belief. He received 
the tide of colonel from Charles L, having served some time 
as major in the Swedish army. Lady Catherine Gordon had 
by Colonel David Barclay : 

17. John Barclay, b. 165-, second son, brother of Robert 
Barclay, governor of East Jersey (New Jersey), 1682. He 
came to New Jersey, and resided at Perth Amboy, as deputy 
governor, and, dying in 1731, left issue by his wife, Cornelia 
van Schaick : 

18. Rev. Thomas Barclay, minister at Albany, New York, 
younger son, who m. Anna Dorothea, daughter of Andries 
Draiiyer, admiral (Schout by Nacht) of the Danish naval 
force on the American coast, and had : 




326 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

19. Rev. Henry Barclay, D.D., who succeeded, in 1746, 
as rector of Trinity Church, New York City, and so con- 
tinued until his decease, August 20, 1764, aged fifty-three 
years. He m. Mary, daughter of Anthony Rutgers, of New 
York, and had : 

20. Colonel Thomas Barclay, of New York, eldest son, 
b. 1753, d. 1830, British consul-general in the United States. 
He m. Susan, d. 1837, daughter of Peter de Lancey, of New 
York (and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Cadwalader 
Golden, governor of the province of New York), son of 
Etienne de Lanci, Viscount de Laval, and his wife, Alice van 
Cortlandt, of New York, and had : 

21. Anne Barclay, b. 1788, d. 1869, who m. 181 5, Wil- 
liam Burrington Parsons, Royal navy, and had : 

22. William Barclay Parsons, of New York, b. 1828, ^. 
December 31, 1887, who m. in 1851, Eliza, daughter of 
Schuyler Livingston, of New York (and his first wife, Ann 
Eliza Hosie), son of Schuyler Livingston and his wife 
Elizabeth, 1776-18 17, a daughter of the above Colonel 
Thomas Barclay, 1 753-1 830. 

Schuyler Livingston, aforesaid, was a son of Walter 
Livingston, of New York (and his wife Cornelia, daughter 
of Peter Schuyler, of New York), a son of Robert Living- 
ston, the third lord of the manor of Livingston, New York, 
whose father, Philip Livingston, the second lord of the 
manor, was the son of Robert Livingston, to whom the 
manor of Livingston, in New York, was granted, who was 
b. at Ancram, 1651 ; came to New York in 1676, and was a 
member and speaker of the Provincial Assembly, 1718- 
1725, d. 1728. He was a son of Rev. John Livingston, of 
Ancram, in Tivotdale, who was b. at Monyabrook, June 21, 
1603, and d, in Holland in 1672, being one of the persecuted 
Scotch ministers. His father. Rev. William Livingston, 
minister at Lanark, was the son of the Rev. Alexander Liv- 



m 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 327 

ingston, minister at Monyabrook, Sterlingshire, Scotland 
(whose father was slain at the battle of Pinkie), and his 
wife Barbara, a daughter of William Livingston, of Kil- 
syth (heir to his grandfather), son and heir of William Liv- 
ingston, k. V. p. at the battle of Flodden, 1513, eldest son 
of William Livingston, of Kilsyth, V. 1540, the son and 
heir of William Livingston, the third laird of Kilsyth, in 
Sterlingshire, and his wife. Lady Mary Erskine. 

Lady Mary Erskine was a daughter of Thomas, Lord 
Erskine, second Earl of Marr, d. 1 494, the son of Sir Robert 
Erskine, Earl of Marr, d, 1453, and his wife. Lady Marga- 
ret, daughter of Robert Stuart, lord of Lorn and Inner- 
meth, by his wife, Lady Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Stuart, Duke of Albany, d. 141 9, the son of Robert II., 
King of Scotland, whose mother. Lady Margery, was the 
daughter of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, the son of 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Annandale, d. 1304, whose mother. 
Lady Isabel, was the daughter of (BtlbCtt bC ClflrCt son of 
*RiCbarb be ClarCt both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

William B. Parsons and Eliza Livingston had : 

23. Schuyler Livingston Parsons, of New York City 
and Islip, Long Island, one of the founders of the Order of 
Runnemede, who m. 1877, Helena, daughter of Bradish 
Johnson, of New York, and had issue : Helena Johnson, 
Evelyn Knapp, and Schuyler Livingston, Jr. 

Arms. — Per chevron, az. and or., in chief two crosses pattie ; 

in base a sea-lion segant guardant, counter- 
changed. 

Crest. — On a wreath a sword erect, ppr.^ pommel and hilt, 

or, between two crosses pattie, or. 

Motto. — Vitam impendere vero. 



'Illll 

^ . I ^ a 

t : < * « 



i 
* t 



d d I I ll I 

i t i i ill -i -■ Jg 

ri-i-i^-j-J 1 I * I I 
« • . S a 1=1 I I I I 



ill 



1 S C 



■It 



l-i- 



. a" 

' ■s E 

I i 



|1^ 



I i' 



Is 



*rl 



I J 



f 8f J 

ji .e ^ S !■! 



I/I 



s * 

Irl 



n 



t? 



I Li I 



I i 






iii 



Alexander F. Fleete 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John de Lacie, 

Roger Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Vere. 
Richard de Clare, 

!• *RiCbarb be ClarCt a Surety for the Magna Charta, 
Earl of Hertford, d. 1218, m. Lady Amicia, daughter of 
William, second Earl of Gloucester, and had : 

2. Gilbert t)C ClarCt a Surety for the Magna Charta, 
Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1229, m. Lady Isabel 
Marshall, a sister of William Marshall, a Surety for the 
Magna Charta, and daughter of William, Earl of Pembroke, 
and had : 

3. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, 
d, 1262, m., as his second wife, Lady Maud, daughter of 
30bn be XHCiCt Earl of Lincoln, a Surety for the Magna 
Charta, and had by her : 

4. Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, 
d. 1295, m. May 2, 1290, as his second wife, the Princess 
Joan, daughter of Edward I., King of England, and his first 
wife, Eleanor of Castile, and had by her : 

5. Lady Alianore de Clare, who m. May i, 1306, Hugh 
le Despencer, one of the hapless favorites of King Edward 
I. He was the son of Hugh le Despencer, Earl of Win- 
chester, and his wife. Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, widow of 

22 329 



330 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Patrick de Chaworth, and the daughter of William, Earl of 
Warwick, and his wife. Lady Maud, widow of Gerard de 
Furnival and a daughter of John Fitz-John, chief justice of 
Ireland, 1258, the son of John Fitz-Piers Fitz-Geoffrey, also 
chief justice of Ireland, by his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter 
of Sir Ralph, third son of liU0b £i0Obt second Earl of 
Norfolk, eldest son of *ROdCr £idOt)t Earl of Norfolk, both 
Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Hugh le Despencer and Lady Alianore de Clare had : 

6. Lady Isabel le Despencer, who m.y as his first wife, 
Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, from 
whom she was divorced, with the sanction of the Pope, having 
had by him an only child. He was the son of Edmund Fitz- 
Alan, K.B., Earl of Arundel, who was captured by the 
Barons and beheaded at Hereford, in 1326, and his wife. 
Lady Alice, daughter of William de Warren, d. v. p. (eldest 
son of John, seventh Earl of Warren and Surrey), and his 
wife. Lady Joan de Vere, daughter of Robert, fifth Earl of 
Oxford, lord great chamberlain, d. 1296, son of Hugh, fourth 
Earl, lord great chamberlain (and his wife. Lady Hawyse, 
daughter of SabCf t)C (SlUittCC^t ^ -Surety for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Winchester) the son of ^Robert bC IPCfCt a 
Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl of Oxford, and lord great 
chamberlain, d. 1221. 

Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., and Isabel le Despencer had : 

7. Lady Philippa Fitz-Alan, only child, m. Sir Richard 
Sergeaux, lord of Sergeaux, in Cornwall, and had : 

8. Philippa Sergeaux, m. Sir Robert Pashley, and had : 

9. Sir John Pashley, m. Lowys Gower, and had : 

10. Elizabeth Pashley, who m. Reginald de Pympe, of 
Nettlestead, in Kent, and their only daughter : 

11. Anne de Pympe, m. Sir John Scott, of Scott's Hall, 
high sheriff of Kent, 1528, and had : 

12. Sir Reginald Scott, of Scott's Hall, high sheriff of 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 33 1 

Kent, 1 541-2, captain of the castle of Calais, d. December 
16, 1554, who m. first, Emeline, daughter of Sir William 
Kempe ; m. secondly, Mary, daughter of Sir Bryan Tuke, 
secretary to Cardinal Wolsey, and had : 

13. Charles Scott, of Edgerton, in Kent, d. 161 7, who 
m. Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Wyatt, of Allington Cas- 
tle, Kent, executed as a. rebel on Tower Hill, April 11, 
1554,* son of Sir Thomas Wyatt, of Allington Castle, poet 
laureate to King Henry VIII., b. 1503, d. 1542, by his wife, 
m. 1520, Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Brooke, third 
Baron Cobham, ^. July 19, 1529, the son of John, second 
Baron d. 151 1, and his first wife, Lady Margaret, daughter 
of Edward Nevill, K.G., and his second wife. Lady Cath- 
erine, daughter of Sir Robert Howard, by his wife. Lady 
Margaret, daughter of Thomas de Mowbray, K.G., Earl of 
Nottingham, and first earl marshal, created Duke of Nor- 
folk. 

MilUam be flDOWbrai?, a Magna Charta Surety, had by 
his wife. Lady Agnes d'Albini, a daughter or a sister of 
William, second Earl of Arundel and Sussex : Roger de 
Mowbray, d. 1266, father of Roger, first Baron by writ, d. 
1298, whose son John, second Baron, was executed in 
1321, having issue: John, third Baron, d. 1361, who had: 
John, fourth Baron, d, 1368, m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter 
of John de Segrave, and his wife, Margaret Plantagenet, 
Duchess of Norfolk, only child of Thomas, Earl of Norfolk, 
a son of Edward I., King of England, and his second 
wife, Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip III., King of 
France, and had: Thomas de Mowbray, K.G., Earl of 
Nottingham, aforesaid. 

The Earl of Nottingham's second wife, the mother of 

* See Encyc. Brit.; Am. Encyc; Green* s "English People;*' Brown* s "Gen- 
esis of the United States ;'* Berry* s "Kent Pedigrees ;** Virginia Magazine, ii, 
70-76. 



332 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Lady Margaret Howard, was Lady Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, 
daughter of Richard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, and his 
first wife, Lady Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William, 
K.G., Earl of Northampton, fourth son of Humphrey de 
Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, lord high constable, who 
was slain at Boroughbridge, fighting under the banner of the 
Barons, March i6, 132 1-2 (and his wife. Princess Elizabeth 
Plantagenet, widow of John, Earl of Holland, and daughter 
of Edward I., King of England, and his first wife, Eleanor 
of Castile), the eldest son of Humphrey, third Earl of 
Hereford and Essex, lord high constable of England, d. 
1397, the son of Humphrey, d. v. /., taken prisoner with his 
father, eldest son of Humphrey de Bohun, taken prisoner 
at the battle of Evesham, d. 1274, the son of Hcitr^ t)C 
KObUttt ^^^ of ^^ Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta, created Earl of Hereford and Essex. 
Charles Scott, of Edgerton, and Jane Wyatt had : 

14. Dorothea Scott, who m. William Fleete, gent., of 
Chatham, in Kent, an incorporator of the third Virginia 
charter, and had issue : Edward, Reginald, John, members 
of the Maryland Assembly, and 

15. Captain Henry Fleete, of St. George's, Maryland, 
and Fleete Bay, Lancaster County, Virginia; d. 1660* He 
was associated with Calvert in establishing the province of 
Maryland, and was a member of the assembly, 1637-8. In 
1652 he was burgess for Lancaster County, Virginia; a 
justice, 1653 «^^d 1656, and lieutenant-colonel of the county 
militia. He received grants for over thirteen thousand 
acres of land in Virginia. Captain Fleete had by his wife 
Sarah, whose surname has not been preserved (she nt. 
secondly. Colonel John Walker, of Virginia, and had issue, 
see Virginia Magazine, July, 1894) : 

* See Neill's "Founders of Maryland ;*' Streeter*s ** Papers Relating to the 
Early History of Maryland.*' 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 333 

16. Henry Fleete, who was a justice, 1695, and high 
sheriff of Lancaster County, Virginia, 171 8-19. His will is 
dated January 31, 1728-9. He m. Elizabeth Wildey (her 
mother Jane Wildey's will was proved December 19, 1701), 
and had : 

17. Captain William Fleete, who was high sheriff of 
Lancaster County, 1719-20, and was the executor of his 
father's will. He m. Sarah, daughter of Robert Jones, of 
King and Queen County, Virginia, and had : 

18. William Fleete, b. October 19, 1726. He resided 
in King and Queen County, and had issue by his second 
wife, Susannah, daughter of John Walker, of King and 
Queen County : 

19. Captain William Fleete, b, December 18, 1757 ; d. 
at "Goshen," King and Queen County, Virginia, April 11, 
1833. He was a member of the constitutional convention 
of 1788, and high sheriff of King and Queen County. He 
m. Mrs. Sarah Browne Tomlin, widow, daughter of Bennet 
Browne, of Essex County, Virginia, and his wife, Mary Hill. 

Bennet Browne, aforesaid, was a son of Charles Browne 
and Priscilla, daughter of Roger Brooke, a son of Roger 
Brooke, b. 1637, a son of Robert Brooke, b. in London, 
June 3, 1602; A.M. Wadham College, Oxford; came to 
Maryland, June 29, 1650, was acting governor of the prov- 
ince, 1652, d. July 20, 1655 (^"^ his wife Mary, daughter of 
Rev. Roger Mainwaring, D.D., Bishop of St. David's, 1636, 
and Dean of Worcester), who was a son of Thomas Brooke, 
member of Parliament, 1604-11, d. September 13, 1612, 
aged fifty-two, and his wife Susan, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Foster, counsel to Queen Anne of Denmark, d. May 18, 
1 61 2, aged sixty-four (and his wife Susan, daughter of 
Thomas Foster, Jr., of Iden, Sussex), son of Thomas Foster 
(by his wife, Margaret Browning, of Clemesford, Sussex), 
son of Roger, second son of Thomas Foster, of Etherstone 



334 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

(by his wife, Elizabeth Featherstonehaugh, of Stanhope 
Hall, Durham), son of Thomas Foster (by his wife, Eliza- 
beth d'Etherstone, heiress to her brother Roger), son of 
Thomas Foster, of Buckton, and his wife. Lady Joan d*El- 

MEDON. 

Lady Joan d'Elmedon, aforesaid, was a daughter of Sir 
William Elmedon, county palatine knight, 1 393-1 447, and 
his wife. Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas, d. February 
i4» 1 390-1, aged twenty-three, son and heir of Sir Thomas 
d'Umfraville, lord of Holmaid and Whitley, governor of 
Harbotel Castle, county palatine knight (and his wife 
Joan, daughter of Adam Rodam), second son of Robert 
d'Umfraville, second Earl of Angus, 1 274-1325-6 (and 
his second wife. Lady Alianore), second and surviving son 
of Gilbert d'Umfraville, 1 238-1 307-8, Earl of Angus, in 
right of his wife. Lady Agnes Comyn, daughter of Alexan- 
der, Baron Comyn, second Earl of Buchan, justiciary of 
Scodand, 1251,^. 1289, ^ind his wife. Lady Elizabeth de 
QuiNCEY, third daughter and coheiress of Roger de Quin- 
CEY, second Earl of Winchester, d. 1264, (by his wife. Lady 
Helen, daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway, constable of 
Scotland, d. 1233, and his wife. Lady Margaret, daughter 
of David, Earl of Huntingdon, a grandson of David I., 
King of Scots, who was a descendant of Alfred the 
Great, King of England), second son of S&bcr bC (SlUitt^ 
CC^, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Captain William Fleete, 1 757-1833, and his wife, Sarah 
Browne Tomlin, had : 

20. Benjamin Fleete, M.D., of King and Queen County, 
Virginia, b, January 25, 1818; d. March 8, 1865. He tn. 
Maria Louisa, daughter of Jacob D. Wacker, M.D., of King 
and Queen County, and had : 

21. Professor Alexander Frederick Fleete, A.M., 
LL.D., ^. June 6, 1843; educated University of Virginia; 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 335 

assistant adjutant-general, Henry A. Wise's brigade, C. S. 
army ; professor of Greek at the Missouri State University ; 
founder of the Missouri Military Academy and superin- 
tendent of the Culver Military Academy, Culver, Indiana ; 
one of the founders of the Order of Runnemede ; one of 
the founders and governor of the Missouri Society of 
Colonial Wars ; one of the founders and historian of the 
Missouri Society of Sons of the Revolution. Professor 
Fleete m. Belle, daughter of Major John Seddon, of " Snow- 
den," Stafford County, Virginia, and had issue : Mary, Belle, 
John Seddon, Henry Wyatt, William Alexander, Charles 
Preston, and Reginald Scott. 




•J 

LU 
UU 
UU 
LU 

O 
if) 

Q 

< 

o 
o 

O 
O 

O 

U4 
UJ 

o 

5 

m 
a. 

UJ 

X 
H 




I I I I 

^ •« •« o 

• s 

^ JS JJ 

l-l-l-i- 
= * « ° 






ill 1 ^ - 
• 2 t i? I I 



ptf »3 



o 








George Richard Schieffelin 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John de Lacie, 

Roger Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Gilbert de Clare, Saher de Quincey, 

Richard de Clare, Eustace de Vesci. 

1. Saber be (SlUince^t ^ Surety for the Magna Charta, 
Earl of Winchester, m. Lady Margaret, daughter of Robert, 
Earl of Leicester, lord high steward of England, and had : 

2. Robert de Quincey, eldest son, d. v. p. in the Holy 
Land, leaving issue by Lady Hawyse de Meschines, daugh- 
ter of Hugh, fifth earl palatine of Chester, d. 1181 : 

3. Lady Margaret de Quincey, only child, who m,, as 
his second wife, Joblt be XSCiet ^"^ of the Sureties for the 
Mag^a Charta, first Earl of Lincoln, d. 1 240, and had : 

4. Lady Maud de Lacie, who m,y as his second wife, 
Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1262, 

son of ©tlbert be Clare and grandson of *Ricbarb be 

Clare^ both Sureties for the Magna Charta and Earls of 
Hertford, and had : 

5. Thomas de Clare, second son, constable of Glouces- 
ter Castle, 1266, was constituted governor of the city of 
London by Edward I. upon his accession, and d. 1287, in 
Ireland, having issue by his wife. Lady Amy, daughter of Sir 
Maurice Fitz-Maurice, of Mallahuffe Castle, Desmond : 

6. Thomas de Clare, third son, father of: 

7. Lady Maud de Clare, who nt. Robert de Clifford, of 

337 



338 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Appleby, first Baron by writ, 1299, who was slain at the 
battle of Bannockburn, 1313, and had: 

8. Roger de Clifford, second Baron of Appleby, lord 
of Westmoreland, d. 1 390, who m. Lady Maud, daughter of 
Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G., third Earl of Warwick, one 
of the original members of the Order of Knights of the 
Garter, d, 1369, and his wife. Lady Catherine, daughter of 
Sir Roger, second Baron de Mortimer, of Wigmore Casde, 
the favorite of Queen Isabel, consort of Edward IL In 
1328 he was created Earl of March, and subsequently was 
arrested by order of King Edward III., convicted under vari- 
ous charges of treason, and executed, when all his honors 
became forfeited. He was the son of Sir Edmund Morti- 
mer, of Wigmore Castle, mortally wounded in 1303, who 
was the son of Roger de Mortimer, captain-general of the 
king's forces in Wales and governor of Hereford Castle, 
d. 1282, and his wife. Lady Maud, a daughter of William, 
sixth Baron de Braose, of Brecknock, by his wife. Lady Eva 
Marshall, sister of William Marshall, one of the Sureties for 
the Magna Charta, and daughter of William, Earl of Pem- 
broke, Protector of England, and his first wife. Lady Isabel 
de Clare, daughter of Richard the Strongbow, Earl of Pem- 
broke, lord justice of Ireland, son of Gilbert, Earl of Pem- 
broke, d. 1 149, and his wife. Lady Elizabeth de Beaumont, 
daughter of Robert, Earl of Mellent and Leicester, d, 1 1 18, 
by Lady Isabel, daughter of Hugh Magnus, Count de Ver- 
mandois, a son of Henry L, King of France. 

Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G., aforesaid, was the eldest 
son of Guy, second Earl of Warwick, d, 1315, son of Wil- 
liam, sixth Baron de Beauchamp, of Elmly, created Earl of 
Warwick, d, 1298, and his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of 
John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John 
Fitz-Piers Fitz-Geoffrey, chief justice of Ireland, 1246, by his 
wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of Sir Ralph Bigod, third son of 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 339 

HUflb »tfiOl), and grandson of IROQCt »tflOl), both Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta. 

Roger, second Baron Clifford, and Lady Maud had : 

9. Lady Catherine de Clifford, who m. Ralph, fifth 
Baron de Greystock, d. 141 7, and had : 

10. Lady Maud de Greystock, who m. Eudo de Welles, 
d. V. p., eldest son of Sir John, fifth Baron de Welles, of 
Gainsby, d. 1421, and his wife, Lady Margery, daughter of 
John, fourth Baron de Mowbray, k. 1 368, and his wife. Lady 
Elizabeth, daughter of John, third Baron de Segrave, d. 
^353> and his wife Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, daughter 
of Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Norfolk, d. 1338, son of 
Edward I., King of England, by his second wife. Princess 
Margaret, daughter of Philip III., King of France. 

Milliam be CnOVObrai^, a Surety for the Magna Charta, 
had by his wife, Lady Agnes, daughter of William d'Albini, 
Earl of Arundel and Sussex : Roger de Mowbray, second 
son, d. 1266, m. Lady Maud, daughter of William de Beau- 
champ, of Bedford, and had : Roger de Mowbray, d. 1298, 
m. Lady Rose de Clare, and had : John de Mowbray, who 
took part in the insurrection of Thomas of I^ncaster, was 
taken prisoner and executed at York in 132 1 ; he m. Lady 
Aliva, daughter of William de Braose, of Gower, and had : 
John de Mowbray, third Baron, d. 1361, w. Lady Joan Plan- 
tagenet, daughter of Henry, third Earl of Lancaster, d. 1345 
(and his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, 
and his wife, Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, daughter of Wil- 
liam, first Earl of Warwick, and his wife. Lady Maud Fitz- 
John, aforesaid, a descendant of liUOb £i0Ob ^nd *KO0Cr 
£idOt)t Sureties for the Magna Charta), eldest son of Ed- 
mund, Earl of Leicester, Lancaster, and Chester, high stew- 
ard of England, d. 1295 (a son of Henry III., King of Eng- 
land), and his second wife, Lady Blanche, widow of Henry 
I., King of Navarre, and daughter of Robert of Artois, a 



340 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

son of Louis VIII., King of France, and had: John de 
Mowbray, d. 1368, aforesaid. 

£U0taCC be IPCSCtt a Magna Charta Surety, had by his 
wife. Lady Margaret, a daughter of William the Lion, King 
of Scotland : William de Vesci, who had by his second wife. 
Lady Agnes, daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby : 
William de Vesci, second son, first Baron by writ, tn. Lady 
Isabel, daughter of Adam de Periton, and widow of Robert 
de Welles, and had : Lady Isabel, m. William de Welles, of 
Alford, and had: Adam, first Baron by writ, 1299, whose 
second son. Sir Adam, third Baron, had : John, fourth Baron, 
d. 1 36 1, who had: John, fifth Baron, d, 1421, m. Lady Mar- 
gery de Mowbray, and had : Eudo de Welles, eldest son 
d. V. p.y who m. as aforesaid. Lady Maud de Greystock, and 
had: 

11. Lady Mary de Welles, who m. John Laurence, of 
Rixton Manor, Lancastershire, returned to Parliament for 
Lancaster County, October 16, 141 9, and had : 

12. Margaret Laurence, who m. Robert Laurence, son 
of Sir Robert Laurence, of Ashton Hall, Lancastershire, 
and had : 

13. William Lawrence, of Withington, 1509, and Sev- 
enhampton, in Gloucestershire, which he bought; will 
proved in 1 559. He m. before 1 5 1 8, Isabel, daughter of John 
Molineaux, of Sefton Manor and Chorly, in Lancashire, and 
had: 

14. Edmund Lawrence, of Withington parish, Glouces- 
tershire, fourth son; will proved January 10, 1559. He 
had by his wife Eleanor : 

15. John Lawrence, of St. Albans, in Hertfordshire. 
He was chief burgess in 1553, and mayor of St. Albans 
in 1567 and 1575, and had: 

16. William Lawrence, of St. Albans, who nt. Novem- 
ber 25, 1559, Catherine Beamond, or Beaumont, and had: 



K 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 34 1 

1 7. John Lawrence, bapL at Abbey Church, St. Albans, 
January 12, 1 561-2, who had by his second wife, m. January 
25, 1586-7, Margaret Roberts : 

18. Thomas Lawrence, of St. Albans, second son, bapL 
at St. Albans, February 2, 1588-9, d, March 20, 1624-5. 
He was an assistant of the borough of St Albans, 1622, 
and m, October 23, 1609, Joan, daughter of Walter and 
Joan Antrobus, of St. Albans. Joan m. secondly, John Tut- 
hill (or Tuttell), of Ipswich, and came with him to New Eng- 
land in April, 1635, bringing John and William, children of 
her first husband, Thomas Lawrence, whose son : 

19. William Lawrence, bapL at St. Albans, July 27, 
1622, d. 1680. In 1645 ^^ was one of the patentees of 
Hampstead and Flushing, Long Island. He was a magis- 
trate of Flushing, 1655, and one of its largest land-owners ; 
was a member of the governor's council, 1 700 ; captain of a 
foot company, 1665 » ^^S^ sheriff, 1673 ; justice of the North 
Riding, 1675. He m. secondly, March 4, 1664-5, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Smith, and had by her : 

20. Joseph Lawrence, of Flushing, b. 1665-8, commis- 
sioned ensign in 1684, d. April, 1759, m, 1690, Mary Town- 
ley (see the American Historical Register, February, 1896), 
and had : 

21. Richard Lawrence, of Flushing, b. 1691, d. 1781, 
m. April 6, 1 7 1 7, Hannah, daughter of Samuel Bowne, and 
had : 

22. John Lawrence, of Flushing, b, January 22, 1731, d. 
July, 1794, m. August 13, 1755, Ann Burling, and had: 

23. Hannah Lawrence, b. July 8, 1758, d. October 3, 
1838, m, August 16, 1780, Jacob Schieffelin, of New York, 
and had : 

24. Richard Lawrence Schieffelin, of New York, b. 
November 9, 1801, d, November 21, 1889, m. August 3, 
1833, Margaret H. McKay, and had : 



342 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

25. George Richard Schieffelin, of New York City, b. 
July 27, 1836, a founder of the Order of Runnemede, and 
member of the Society of Colonial Wars. Mr. Schieffelin 
m. Julia M., daughter of Hon. Isaac C. and Matilda Dela- 
plaine, and had issue : 

I. Julia Florence Schieffelin, m. J. Bruce Ismay, of Liver- 
pool, England, and had : 

1. Margaret Bruce. 

2. Thomas Bruce. 

3. Evelyn Constance. 

II. Margaret Helen Schieffelin, m, Henry Graff" Trevor, 
of New York, and had : 

1. George Schieffelin. 

2. Margaret Estelle. 

3. Louisa Stephanie Stewart. 

III. Constance Schieffelin. 

IV. Dorothy Schieffelin. 

V. George Richard Delaplaine Schieffelin. 

Arms. — Tierce per fesse, sa, and or, on three piles, two con- 
joined with one between transposed, invected^ 
counterc hanged, as many cross-crosslets of the 
first. 

Crest. — A holy lamb, passant, crowned with glory^ and 
bearing cross, staff, and pennon, ppr. 

Motto. — Per fidem et constantiam. 



<i 



.TriJ- 



Mdvifle M. Bigdow 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Robert de Vere. 

1. Hcnr^ &C IBObUllt o^^^ of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hereford, lord high constable of England, 
d. 1 2 20, m. Lady Maud, daughter of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, 
Baron de Mandeville, first Earl of Essex, lord high justice 
of England, and sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, one of 
the Sureties for the Magna Charta, and had : 

2. Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, 
d. 1274-5. He was a very distinguished person among 
the rebellious Barons, temp. Henry III. In 47 Henry III. 
he and other Barons were excommunicated for plundering 
churches in time of war, and was one of the commanders 
at the battle of Lewes, and was constituted governor of 
Goodrich and Winchester Castles. He m. first. Lady 
Maud, daughter of Raoul, Baron d'Eue, d. s. p. m.y and had 
by her : 

3. Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son, taken prisoner at 
Evesham, and d, v. p.^ He commanded the infantry at the 
battle of Evesham, and died in Beeston Castle soon after 
being imprisoned. He m. Lady Eleanor, daughter and co- 
heiress of William, sixth Baron de Braose, of Brecknock, 

* See American Historical Review, April and July, 1896, "Bohun Wills'* 
and authorities there cited, and Doyle's "Official Baronage." 

343 



^'' 



344 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

and coheiress of her mother, Lady Eva, one of the daugh- 
ters and coheiresses of William Marshall, Earl of Pem- 
broke, and sister of William Marshall, one of the Sureties 
for the Magna Charta, and had : 

4. Humphrey de Bohun, who succeeded as Earl of Here- 
ford and Essex and lord high constable, d. 1298. He m. 
Lady Maud, daughter of Ingelram de Fienes, or of Wil- 
liam, Baron de Fienes, and had : 

5. Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, 
lord high constable. He was taken prisoner in the Scotch 
wars and was exchanged for the wife of Robert Bruce, then 
a captive in England. Subsequently he joined the banner 
of the insurrectionary Barons, under Lancaster, and was 
killed at Boroughbridge, March 16, 132 1-2. He m. Novem- 
ber 14, 1302, Princess Elizabeth, 6. 1282, d. 13 16, widow of 
Sir John, Earl of Holland, and daughter of Edward L, King 
OF England, by his first wife, Eleanor of Castile, and had : 

6. Lady Margaret de Bohun, sister of Sir William de 
Bohun, K.G., created Earl of Northampton, and of John 
and Humphrey, Earls of Hereford and Essex. She d. 1$ 
Richard II.,* having m.f 1325, Sir Hugh Courtenay, K.G., 
second Earl of Devon, d. 1377, who distinguished himself 
in arms in the warlike reign of Edward III., and was one of 
the original members of the Order of Knights of the Garter. 

He was the second son of Sir Hugh Courtenay, feudal 
Baron of Oakhampton, summoned to Parliament, as Baron 
Courtenay, 1299, and created Earl of Devon February 22, 
1335 (and his wife, whom he m. when he was only seventeen 
years old. Lady Agnes, daughter of Sir John St. John, of 
Basing, and sister of the first Baron St. John, of Basing), 
son of Sir Hugh de Courtenay, Baron of Oakhampton 

* Her will dated January 28, 1390, given among the *' Bohun Wills,** 
American Historical Review, vol. i. 639. 

f See her father's will, dated August 11, 13 19. 



#«l. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 345 

(and his wife, Lady Alianore, sister of Hugh le Despencer, 
first Earl of Winchester, and daughter of Hugh, Baron le 
Despencer, justiciary of England, k. at Evesham, and his 
wife, Lady Aliva Basset, widow of Roger Bigod, Earl of 
Norfolk), son of John de Courtenay, Baron of Oakhampton 
(son of Robert de Courtenay, feudal Baron of Oakhampton, 
Devonshire, and his wife. Lady Mary, daughter of William 
de Redvers, sixth Earl of Devon, d, 1 2 1 6, a supporter of 
King John, and his wife. Lady Mabel, daughter of Robert, 
Earl of Mellent), and his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of Sir 
Hugh de Vere, fourth Earl of Oxford, lord great chamber- 
lain, d, 1263 (and his wife, Lady Hawise, daughter of SabCt 
1>C (SlUinCC^t ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta), 
eldest son of l?Obcrt l)C IDCtCt o^^ of ^^ Sureties for the 
Magna Charta. 

Lady Margaret de Bohun, who d. December 16, 1391, 
had by Sir Hugh, Earl of Devon : 

7. Edward Courtenay, of Godrington, Devon, second 
son, who d. v. /., having issue by his wife. Lady Emeline, 
daughter and heiress of Sir John d'Auney, of Modeford 
Terry, Somerset, and Cheviock, Cornwall : 

8. Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Haccomb, Devonshire, and 
Boconnock, Cornwall, second son, brother of Edward, third 
Earl of Devon, who m.y as his third wife, Lady Maud, daugh- 
ter of Sir John Beaumont, of Sherwill, Dorset, and had by 
her : 

9. Margaret Courtenay (sister of Sir Hugh Courtenay, 
of Boconnock, Cornwall, k. at Tewkesbury, father of Ed- 
ward, created Earl of Devon, 1485), who m. Sir Theobald 
Grenville, Knight, of Stowe, Cornwall, and had : 

10. Sir William Grenville, Knight, of Bideford, who m. 
Lady Philippa, daughter of Sir William Bonville, K.G., Lord 
Bonville, of Chuton, and had : 

11. Thomas Grenville, of Stowe, Cornwall, high sheriff 

23 



346 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

of Gloucestershire, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Theo- 
bald Gorges, Knight, of Devonshire, and had : 

12. Sir Thomas Grenville, Knight, of Stowe, Cornwall, 
who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Otis Gilbert, of Compton, 
Devon, high sheriff of Devonshire, 1474, d. 1494, and his 
wife Elizabeth, daughter of John Hill, of Shilston, and 
had: 

13. Sir Roger Grenville, of Stowe and Bideford, who 
m. Margaret, daughter of Richard Whitleigh, of Efford, 
Devon, and had : 

14. Amy Grenville (sister of Sir Richard Grenville, 
grandfather of Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Grenville, R.N.), 
who m. John Drake, of Ashe and Exmouth, Devon, high 
sheriff of Devonshire, 1561-2, eldest son of John Drake, of 
Ashe, and his wife Margaret, daughter of John Cole, of 
Rill, in Devonshire, and had : 

15. Robert Drake, of Wiscombe Park, Devon (his 
brother, Bernard Drake, was knighted in 1585), who m. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Humphrey Prideaux, of Thew- 
borough, Devon, d. 1550, and his wife Edith, daughter of 
William Hatch, of AUer, South Molton, Devon, and had : 

1 6. William Drake, of Wiscombe Park, who m. Philippa, 
daughter of Sir Robert Dennys, of Holcombe, Devon, d. 
1592, and his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Godolphin, of Cornwall, and had : 

17. John Drake, b. 1585, who came to New England in 
1630 and settled, in 1635, ^^ Windsor, Connecticut, and, 
dying August 17, 1659, had issue by his wife, Elizabeth 
Rogers, who d. October 7, 1681 : 

18. Elizabeth Drake, b. 1621, ^. 171 6, who had by her 
second husband, John Elderkin, of Norwich, Connecticut : 

19. John Elderkin, of Norwich, b. 1664, who had by his 
first wife, Abigail Fowler, b. 1660, d. 1 713-14, of New 
Haven, Connecticut: 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 347 

20. John Elderkin, of Norwich, b. 1694, d. 1736, who 
m, Susanna Baker, of Norwich, and had : 

21. Susanna Elderkin, b. 1722, d. 1797, who had by her 
third husband, Jabez Bigelow, of Norwich and Hebron, 
Connecticut, and New Lebanon, New York : 

22. Jabez Bigelow, of New Lebanon, New York, b. 1760, 
d. 1829, who had by his first wife, Almy Gardner, of Ste- 
phentown. New York : 

23. Job Gardner Bigelow, of New Lebanon, New York, 
and Milford, Michigan, b. 1792, fl?. 1838, who m. Thankful 
Enos, of Nassau, New York, and had : 

24. William Enos Bigelow, of Flint, Michigan, b, 1820, 
d. 1 890, who had by his first wife. Daphne Florence Matti- 
son, of Perry, New York, b. 1824, d. 1878 : 

25. Melville Madison Bigelow, PhD. (Harvard), of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, b. 1846, one of the founders of 
the Order of Runnemede and a member of the Society of 
Colonial Wars, who had by his first wife, Elizabeth Cham- 
berlin Bragg, of Cambridge, d. 1881 : Ada Hawthorn, d. 
1876; Charlotte Gray, d. 1876; and Leslie Melville, A.B. 
(Harvard, 1895), ^* ^873, d. 1898, in his third year in 
Harvard Law School. 



• • • • 

i i s § 



§ 



>- 

DC 
DC 

m 

H 



O 

DC 
O 

w 
O 

Urn 
O 

w 
w 
a: 

O 
Q 

UJ 

a. 



i Hi 



|3I33|I| I J 



S 

> 



s I i 







S 



> ^ E ^ • S ^5 
|_-|_|_S_8_l_8-8_8-8. 

£ s c< 



!_-S_J_S_8_|_8_|_8_: 

i, ;;? pu ^ a 5? ^ 



^ blL >. ^ b 



^ 



>» -o -5 






6 






a 



t 

e 



i 






S .5 E 3 :2 

I 1 



-M- 



0. b* 



V S 



(< (< »^ M (■) 



6 

I 



UJ 

X 
H 



i 



* S CQ £ 



I i I ^ 






a 



tf C C< >S 



s 5 e 




s -« 

' 



•s 

I 

I 

I 

I- 



9 
•O •« ^ 



5 5 O S SS S K 




George Davis Terry 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John Fitz-Robert, 

Roger Bigod, John de Lacie, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Geoflfrey de Say, 

Richard de Clare, Robert de Vere. 

1. 1?0bCrt &C IDcrCt Earl of Oxford, a Surety for the 
observance of the Magna Charta, d. 1 2 2 1 , had by his wife, 
Lady Isabel, daughter of Hugh de Bolebec, d. 1261 : 

2. Hugh de Vere, fourth Earl of Oxford, chamberlain 
of England, d. 1263. He m. Lady Hawyse, daughter of 

Saber &e (SlUince^t ^"^ ^^ ^^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Winchester, and had : 

3. Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, d. 1 296, who 
had by his wife. Lady Alice, daughter of Gilbert, Baron de 
Saundford : 

4. Lady Joan de Vere, who m. William de Warren, d. 
1286, son of John, seventh Earl of Warren and Surrey, d. 
1 304, and had : 

5. Lady Alice de Warren, who m. 1305, Edmund Fitz- 
Alan, K.B., Earl of Arundel, beheaded in 1326, and had: 

6. Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Sur- 
rey, d. 1375, who m., as his second wife, and her second 
husband. Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, 
Earl of Lancaster, d. 1345, son of Edmund, Earl of Leices- 

349 



350 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

ter, Lancaster, and Chester, high steward of England, d. 
1295, the son of Henry III., King of England, and his wife. 
Lady Eleanor de Provence, and had : 

7. Lady Alice Fitz-Alan, who m. Thomas de Holland, 
second Earl of Kent, earl marshal, d, 1397, son of Thomas, 
K.G., Earl of Kent, d. 1360, by his wife. Lady Joan, the 
Fair Maid of Kent, daughter of Edmund, Earl of Kent, be- 
headed in 1330, the son of Edward I., King of England, 
by his second wife. Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip 
III., King of France, and had : 

8. Lady Eleanor de Holland, m. Thomas de Montacute, 
Earl of Salisbury, a prominent character in the reign of 
Henry V., and had : 

9. Lady Alice de Montacute, m. Richard de Nevill, 
K.G., Earl of Salisbury, eldest son of Ralph, first Earl of 
Westmoreland, and his second wife, Lady Joan, daughter 
of John, Duke of Lancaster, a son of Edward III., King of 
England, and had : 

10. Lady Alice de Nevill, m. Henry, Baron Fitz-Hugh, 
of Ravensworth, d 1472, and had: 

11. Lady Alice Fitz-Hugh, m. Sir John Fienes, d. v. p., 
eldest son of Sir Richard Fienes, Baron Dacre,y«r^ uxoris^ 
and his wife, Lady Joan de Dacre, who was descended as 
follows from Magna Charta Sureties : 

1{iCbat^ 1>C ClarCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, had by his wife. Lady Amicia, 
daughter of William, Earl of Gloucester : 

(BilbCrt 1>C CIStCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, who had by his wife. Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke : 

Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, who 
m. secondly, Lady Maud, daughter of 30bn hZ XACiCt a 
Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl of Lincoln, by his second 
wife. Lady Margaret, daughter of Robert de Quincey, d. v.p.^ 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 35 1 

second son of SabCt &C (SlUittCC^t ^ Surety for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Winchester, and had : 

Sir Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 
1295, who had by his second wife, Princess Joan Plantage- 
net, d, 1305, a daughter of Edward I., King of England, 
by his wife, the Princess Eleanor of Castile : 

Lady Margaret de Clare, widow of Piers, Earl of Corn- 
wall, who m. secondly, Hugh d'Audley, created, in 1377, 
Earl of Gloucester, and had by him, who d. 1 347-9 : 

Lady Margaret d'Audley, only child, who m. Ralph de 
Stafford, K.G., one of the original members of the Order 
of Knights of the Garter, a commander at Cressy, created, 
in 1 35 1, Earl of Stafford, d, 1372, and had: 

Hugh de Stafford, K.G., second Earl of Stafford, a cru- 
sader, d, 1386. He m. Lady Philippa, daughter of Thomas, 
third Earl of Warwick, one of the original Knights of the 
Garter, a commander at Cressy and Poictiers, and a cru- 
sader, d. 1369, son of Guy, second Earl of Warwick, d. 
1 3 15, the son of William de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Earl of 
Warwick (in right of his mother. Lady Isabel, sister and 
heiress of William de Mauduit, Earl of Warwick), by his 
wife. Lady Maud, widow of Gerard de Furnival, and the 
eldest daughter and coheiress of John Fitz-John, chief justice 
of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz-Geoffrey, chief justice 
of Ireland, 1246, and his wife. Lady Isabel, widow of Gilbert 
de Lacie, and daughter of Sir Ralph, third son of 1iU0b 

iBiflObt SO" o^ 1?0flCr !BiOO&t ^^^ Sureties for the Magna 

Charta and Earls of Norfolk. 
Sir Hugh, Earl of Stafford, and Lady Philippa had : 
Lady Margaret de Stafford, d, 1370, who m., as his first 

wife, Ralph de Nevill, K.G., created Earl of Westmoreland 

and great marshal of England, d, 1425, and had : 

Lady Philippa de Nevill, who m, Thomas, Baron de Dacre, 

of Gillesland, d, 1457, and had : 



352 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Thomas de Dacre, eldest son, who d. v. p. He m. Lady 
Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir William Bowet, of 
Cumberland, d. 1423, and his wife. Lady Amy, daughter 
and coheiress of Sir Robert d'Ufford, d. 1400, eldest son of 
Sir Edmund d'Ufford, of Horsford, d. 1374, youngest son 
of Sir Ralph d'Ufford, justice of Ireland, d. 1346, and his 
second wife. Lady Eve, only daughter and heiress of John 
de Clavering, lord of Horsford, Norfolk, second Baron by 
summons, 1299-1 331, d. 1332, eldest son of Robert Fitz- 
Roger, lord of Warkworth and Clavering, summoned to 
Parliament, 1295,^. 13 11, eldest son of Roger Fitz-John, 
feudal Baron of Warkworth and Clavering, d. 1249, eldest 

son of 3obn J!t3^1?0bCrtt one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta. 
Thomas de Dacre had by the Lady Elizabeth Bowet : 
Lady Joan de Dacre, b. 1432 ; will proved June 14, i486. 
She m. ante 1457, Sir Richard Fienes, who was declared 
Baron Dacre, in right of his wife, heir-general to her grand- 
father, by Edward IV. He was constable of the Tower of 
London and lord chamberlain to the household of King 
Edward IV., and d. 1484-5. He was the son of Sir Roger, 
treasurer to the household to Henry VI., the son of Sir 
William, high sheriff of Surrey and Sussex, 1 297, the son 
of Sir William Fynes, and his wife. Lady Joan, daughter of 
Sir Geoffrey, second Baron de Say, admiral of the king's 
fleet, d. 1359, by his wife, Lady Maud, a daughter of the 
above Guy, Earl of Warwick, a descendant of l?O0Ct 
!BiflO& and DuOb !BiOO&t ^^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. He was the eldest son of Geoffrey, d. 1322, son 
of William, d. 1295, son of William, d. 1272, the son of 

(BCOffrC^ &C Sai?t ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 

Sir Richard Fienes, Baron Dacre, and Lady Joan had : 
Sir John Fienes, who m. Lady Alice Fitz-Hugh, and had : 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 353 

12. Sir Thomas Fienes, b. 1470, who, as heir to his grand- 
father, succeeded as Baron Dacre of the South, and was made 
a Knight of the Bath by Henry VII. in 1495, ^- ^ 534- He m. 
Lady Anne, daughter of Sir Humphrey Bourchier, who was 
k, V. p. at Barnetfield, fighting under the banner of Edward 
IV., eldest son of "John Bourchier de Berners, Chevalier," 
K.G., d. 1474, and his wife, Lady Margery, daughter and 
heiress of Richard Berners, of West Horsley, Surrey. He 
was the fourth son of William de Bourchier, Earl of Ewe, 
and his wife, Lady Anne Plantagenet, widow of both Thomas 
and Edmund, Earls of Stafford, and a daughter of Thomas, 
Duke of Gloucester, d. 1397, (youngest son of Edward III., 
King of England), by his wife, Alianore de Bohun, a 
daughter and coheiress of Humphrey, the last Earl of Here- 
ford and Essex and second Earl of Northampton, d. 1372, 
and his wife, Lady Joan, a daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, 
K.G., Earl of Arundel (by his second wife. Lady Eleanor 
Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, third Earl of Lancaster, a 
grandson of Henry III., King of England, and his wife. 
Lady Maud de Cha worth, aforesaid, a descendant of DUQb 
3BiflO& and 1?O0et 3BiOO&t ^^^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta), who was a descendant of SflbCt l)C (SlUittCC^ and 
1?0bCrt &C IDCtCt both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Humphrey, the last Earl of Hereford and Essex, was the 
only son of William de Bohun, K.G., one of the gallant 
heroes of Cressy, created, in 1337, Earl of Northampton, 
d. 1360, the fourth son of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of 
Hereford and Essex, constable of England, who was slain 
in the battle of Boroughbridge (and his wife. Lady Elizabeth 
Plantagenet, widow of John, Earl of Holland, and daughter 
of Edward I., King of England, and his wife, Eleanor of 
Castile), the son of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford 
and Essex and lord high constable, d. in 1297, the eldest 
son of Humphrey de Bohun, d. v. p., who was taken pris- 



354 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

oner at Evesham with his father, also named Humphrey, 
who was the eldest son of MCttr^ 1>C SObUttt one of the 
Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Hereford and lord 
high constable of England. 

Sir Thomas Fienes, K.B., and Lady Anne had : 

13. Lady Catherine Fienes, second daughter, who m. 
Richard Loudenoys, of Briade, or Breame, in Sussex, and 
had: 

14. Mary Loudenoys, only child, m. Thomas Harlaken- 
den, of Worthorn, Kent, will proved in 1 564, and had : 

15. Roger Harlakenden, of Kenardiston and Wood- 
church, Kent, third son, 6. 1535, d. 1603. He purchased 
the manor of Earle's Colne, Essex, in 1583, and m. first, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Hardres and widow of 
George Harlakenden, of Woodchurch, and had by her : 

16. Richard Harlakenden, of Kenardiston, Earl's Colne, 
and Staple's Inn, 6. 1565, d. August 24, 1631, who m. Mary 
(or Margaret), daughter of Edward Hubbart, or Hobart, of 
Stanstead-Montfichet, and had : 

17. Mabel Harlakenden, seventh daughter, 6. at Earl's 
Colne, September 27, 16 14. In 1635 she came with her 
brother, Roger Harlakenden, to New England, and m. first, 
in 1636, as his second wife, John Haynes, of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, 6. Copford Hall, Essex, May i, 1594, arrived 
at Boston September 4, 1633; inade freeman at Boston, 
May 14, 1634; elected an assistant in 1634 and 1636, and 
governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635. He 
was colonel of the Second Regiment Massachusetts Militia 
in 1636. In 1637 he removed to Hartford, Connecticut, 
and was elected the first governor of that colony in April, 
1 6391 and every second year afterwards until his death, 
March i, 1654. He had by his wife, Mabel Harlakenden : 

18. Ruth Haynes, 6. at Hartford, 1639, m. in 1655, Sam- 
uel Wyllys, 6. February 19, 163 1-2, cl. 1709, assistant gov- 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 355 

ernor of the Connecticut Colony, son of George Wyllys, 
governor of the Connecticut Colony in 1642, and had : 

19. Ruth Wyllys, b. 1656-7, d. 1729, who m. 1692, Rev. 
Edward Taylor, b. 1642, d. 1729, and had : 

20. Eldad Taylor, b. 1708, d, 1777, who m. Thankful 
Day, b. 172 1, ^. 1803, and had : 

21. Rev. John Taylor, b. December 23, 1762,^. Decem- 
ber 24, 1840, who m. 1789, Elizabeth Terry, b. September 
10, 1766, d. September 17, 1843, and had: 

22. Harriet Taylor, b. May 18, 1794, d. February 7, 
1 841, who m. October 11, 18 14, Roderick Terry, b. March 
2, 1788, d. February 9, 1849, and had : 

23. Edmund Terry, b. May 23, 181 7, who m. March 8, 
1855, Anna Prentice, b. January 17, 1834, and had: 

24. George Davis Terry, of Brooklyn, New York, b. 
February 5, 1870, one of the founders of the Order of Run- 
nemede, a member of the Society of Colonial Wars, the 
Society Sons of the American Revolution, the Society 
of Mayflower Descendants, and the Society of Founders 
and Patriots. 



Philip R WaddeU 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

William d' Albini, John de Lacie, 

Hugh Bigod, William de Malet, 

Roger Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Ros, 

Richard de Clare, Geoffrey de Say, 

John Fitz-Robcrt, Robert de Vere. 

1. HQliUiam ^C flDOVPbraiJt ^"^ ^^ ^^^ Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, was the son of Nigel de Mowbray, a cru- 
sader, who fl. on the road to the Holy Land, 3 Richard I., 
by his wife. Lady Mabel, daughter of Richard de Clare, 
Earl of Hertford, k. 11 39, son of Gilbert de Tonsburg, 
Kent, and his wife. Lady Adeliza, daughter of Hugh, Count 
de Cleremont, and his wife, Lady Margaret, daughter of 
Hildwin IV., Count de Montdider and de Rouci, and his 
wife. Lady Adela, Countess de Rouci, daughter of Eblo I., 
Count de Rouci and de Reimes, and his wife. Lady Beatrix, 
daughter of Rynerius IV., Count of Hainault, and his wife 
Havide, daughter of Hugh Capet, King of France. 

William de Mowbray was a brother of Roger de Mow- 
bray, also one of the Magna Charta Sureties, and m. Lady 
Agnes, daughter of William d' Albini, second Earl of Arun- 
del and Sussex, whose mother was Adeliza of Lorraine, 
Queen Dowager of England, the second wife and widow of 
King Henry I., and, dying in 1222, had issue : 

2. Roger de Mowbray, second son, who took part in the 
356 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 357 

Scottish wars of Henry III., and, dying in 1266, had issue 
by his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 
of Bedford : 

3. Roger de Mowbray, who served in the wars of Wales 
and Gascony, and was the first of this family summoned to 
Parliament as Baron Mowbray of Axholme, writ dated June 
23, 1295. He m. Lady Rose, "a descendant of Richard de 
Clare," and, dying in 1298, had issue: 

4. John de Mowbray, second Baron, who, in considera- 
tion of his distinguished services in the Scottish wars of 
Edward I., had livery of the lands of his inheritance before 
he attained his majority. In 6 Edward II. he was sheriff of 
Yorkshire and governor of the city of York, and in the 
next year, being in an expedition to Scotland, he was con- 
stituted one of the wardens of the marshes adjoining that 
kingdom. But subsequently taking a prominent part in 
the insurrection of the Earl of Lancaster, and being cap- 
tured at the battle of Boroughbridge, he was hanged at 
York in 1321, and his family imprisoned for a time in the 
Tower of London. He tn. Lady Aliva, daughter of William 
de Braose, of Gower, whose grandmother was Princess 
Margaret, daughter of Llewellyn the Great, Prince of 
North Wales, and had : 

5. John de Mowbray, third Baron, who was summoned 
to Parliament from 1327. He was a favorite of Edward 
III., who accepted his homage, and gave him the lands of 
his father, for which he attended the king through his 
memorable French campaign. He m. Lady Joan Plantage- 
net, daughter of Henry, third Earl of Lancaster (a grand- 
son of Henry III., King of England), d. 1345, and his wife, 
Lady Maud, daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, by his wife, 
Lady Isabel, daughter of William de Beauchamp, created 
Earl of Warwick, d. 1 298 (and his wife. Lady Maud Fitz- 
John, widow of Gerard de Furnival, of Sheffield), whose 



358 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

mother, Lady Isabel, was a daughter of William de Mauduit 
and his wife, Lady Alice, granddaughter of Roger de New- 
burgh, second Earl of Warwick, d. 1153, and his wife, Lady 
Gundred de Warren, daughter of William, second Earl of 
Surrey, and his wife. Lady Isabel, or Elizabeth, de Verman- 
dois, daughter of Hugh the Great, son of Henry I., King 
OF France. 

Lady Maud Fitz-John, aforesaid, was the daughter of 
John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, the eldest son 
of John Fitz-Geoffrey (son of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, Baron de 
Mandeville, Earl of Essex, lord justice of England, d, i2\ 2), 
chief justice of Ireland, 1246, and his wife. Lady Isabel, 
daughter of Sir Ralph, third son of 1iU0b 3Bi0O^t one of 
the Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta, 
second Earl of Norfolk, d. 1225 (and his wife. Lady Maud 
Marshall, sister of William Marshall, Jr., one of the Magna 
Charta Sureties, and daughter of William, Earl of Pem- 
broke, the adviser of King John, and Protector of England 
during the minority of Henry III.), son of 1?O0Cr 3Bi0O^t 
one of the Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta, 
Earl of Norfolk, and lord high steward of England. 

John de Mowbray, of the Isle of Axholme, d.va 1361, 
having issue by his wife, Lady Joan Plantagenet : 

6. John de Mowbray, of Axholme, fourth Baron. He 
was a crusader, and was killed in a battle with the Turks, 
1368. He m. Lady Elizabeth, only daughter of John, Baron 
de Segrave, d. s.p. tn. 1353, and his wife Margaret, Duchess 
of Norfolk, d. 1 399, daughter of Thomas de Brotherton, Earl 
of Norfolk, earl marshal of England, son of Edward I., 
King of England, and his second wife. Princess Margaret, 
daughter of Philip III., King of France. John de Mow- 
bray and the Lady Elizabeth had : 

7. Lady Jane de Mowbray, who tn. Sir Thomas de Grey, 
of Berwyke, constable of Norham Castle, 1390, and had: 



THE PEDIGREE OF GEC 



Henry de Bohnn. 

I 
Humphrey de Bohun. 

Humphrey de Bohun. 

Humphrey de Bohun. 

Humphrey de Bohun. 

I 
Alianore de Bohun. 

Petronella Butler. 

Kicnard de Talbot- 



Robert de Vere. 

I 
Hugh de Vere. 

Robert de Vere. 

Joan de Vere. 

Alice de Warren. 

Richard Fitz-Alan. 

I 
Mary Fltz-Alan. 

-Ankaret le 



Roffer BIgod. 
Hugh Bigod. 

Ralph Bigod. 

Isaoel Bigod. 

I 
WilliaJB de Mowbray. John Fitz*John. 

I I 

Roger de Mowbray. Maud Fltz-John. 

Roger de Mowbray. Isaoel de Beauchamp. 

: I 

John de Mowbray. Maud de Chawocth. 

' 1 I 

John de Mowbray^Joan Piantagenet. 



Strange. John de Mowbray. 



'1 



John de Talbot. 

Thomas de Talbot. 

I 

Elixabeth de Talbot 



Jane de Mowbray— Thomas de Grey. 



John PI 

Roger Fi 
Robot F 
Eupbemi 
Ralph d( 
Johnde 
I 



Thomas de Grejr-Alice de 



"Henry de Grey. 



m 



Margaret de Grey*! 

PfaiUpd'Arcr 

I ] 

Margaret d'Aicy* 



Richard Conyers, of Horden, Dmhanip' 

Robert Cooyen, of Horden,- 

Christopher Conyen, of Hocden," 

Rioiard Cooyen, of Hordcn," 

Christopher Conyen, of Hordcn,* 

Lawrence Wilkinscm, of Providence, R. I. ; d. 1699/ 



>amnd Wilkinson, of Provideooe/ 


Joseph 


Wilkinson, 


of Scttnate,- 


Joieph 


WHkinson. 


of Scttnate,- 


Joseph 


WiDdmon, 


of Sdtnale,- 


Almadns Wilkinson, 


of Sdtoate,- 




Ma^ Ann Wilkinson- 



George 



Lawton, ol 



PERKINS LAWTON. 



Richard de Clare. 
rt. Qllbcrt de Clare. 

Richard de O 



Saber de Qalncey. Biutace de Ve«cl. 

Robert de Quincey. Wiiliam de Vesd. 



John de Lacle<T-Marsaret de Quincey. 



Gilbert de Clare. 
:er. Margaret de Clare. 

Margaret d'Aodley. 

I 
Hush de Stafford. 

reviIl'7Margaret de Stafford. 



Maud de Lacie. 

WllliajB d'Alblnl. Robert de Roe. 

William d'Albini. Wi 

1 



ilUamde 



Ros. 



Isabel d'Albini-r Robert de Ros. 



Grey— Philip d'Arcy. 



Tcy. 



FitS'Hugh. 

Conyers, of Hornby, Yorluhire. 
iQaxton. 
; Bamforth. 
I Jackson, 
unley. 
dsworth. 

l¥iIkinson, of Lanchester, Durham. 
I Smith, 
ckenden. 

w. 

ekes. 

(Brownell) Peckham. 

Magee. 

Lawton, of Newport, R. I. 
Springs, N. Y. 



Wi 



illiam 



de Ros. 



I 



Alice de Ros. 

Elizabeth de Meinill. Henry le Scrope. 



I 
William de Vesd. 

Isabel de Vesd. 

I 
Adam de Welles. 

Adam de Welles. 

John de Welles. 

John de WeUes. 

Margery de Welles. 

I 



Joan le Scrope. 
Henry Flts-Hu^. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 359 

8. Sir Thomas de Grey, of Heton, second son, who 
was beheaded for political reasons, August 5, 141 5, having 
m. Lady Alice, daughter of Ralph de Nevill, K.G., of Raby, 
created, in 1399, Earl of Westmoreland and earl marshal of 
England for life, d. 1425 (and his first wife. Lady Margaret, 
daughter of Hugh de Stafford, K.G., second Earl of Staf- 
ford, d. 1386, and his wife. Lady Philippa de Beauchamp*), 
the son of John de Nevill, K.G., of Raby, admiral of the 
king's fleet, son of Ralph de Nevill, of Raby, son of Ralph, 
first Baron Nevill, of Raby, and his first wife. Lady Eu- 
phemia, daughter of Robert Fitz-Roger, of Clavering, the 
son of Roger Fitz-John, of Clavering, d. 1 249, son of JObll 
^t3^1{ol>Crtt one of the Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta. 

Hugh, Earl of Stafford, aforesaid, was the son of Ralph 
de Stafford, K.G., created, in 1351, Earl of Stafford, one of 
the original members of the Order of Knights of the Garter, 
and his wife. Lady Margaret, daughter of Hugh d'Audley, 
created, in 1337, Earl of Gloucester, and his wife, Lady 
Margaret, widow of Piers de Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall, 
beheaded in 1210, and daughter of Gilbert de Clare, Earl 
of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1 295 (and his second wife. 
Princess Joan d'Acre, d. 1305, daughter of Edward I., King 
OF England, and his first wife, Princess Eleanor, daughter 
of Ferdinand III., King of Castile and Leon), son of 
Richard, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1262 (by his 
second wife, Lady Maud, daughter of JObll &C XACiCt one 



* Lady Philippa de Beauchamp was the daughter of Sir Thomas, K.G., 
third Earl of Warwick, chamberlain of the exchequer, one of the original 
Knights of the Garter, d. 1369 (and his wife. Lady Catherine, daughter of 
Roger de Mortimer, created Earl of March, executed in 1330), son of Guy, 
second Earl of Warwick, 1275-13 15, son of William de Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick, d. 1298, and his wife, Lady Maud Fitz-John, aforesaid, a descendant 
of VOQCt 3Bi0OD and Muflb 3Bi0OD, both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



36o THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

of the Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta, 
Earl of Lincoln, and his second wife, Lady Margeret, daugh- 
ter of Robert, d. v. /., eldest son of Sabcr l)C (SlUittCCI^t 
one of the Sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta), son of (BilbCPt ^C ClarCt Earl of Hertford, one of 
the Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta (and 
his wife, Lady Isabel Marshall, daughter of William, Earl of 
Pembroke, Protector of England, and sister of William 
Marshall, Jr., a Surety for the Magna Charta), eldest son of 

*RiCb&^^ ^CCIA^Ct o^^ o^ ^^ Sureties for the observance 
of the Magna Charta. 

Sir Thomas de Grey and Lady Alice de Nevill had : 

9. Lady Elizabeth de Grey, who m. Sir Philip, fourth 
Baron d'Arcy, admiral of the royal navy, 1386, d. 1398, who 
was the son of Sir John, second Baron d'Arcy, 131 7-1356, 
and his wife. Lady Elizabeth, a daughter of Nicholas de 
Meinill, of Wherlton, Yorkshire, d. 1342, by his wife. Lady 
Alice, daughter of William de Ros, of Hamelake, one of 
the competitors for the crown of Scotland, d. 131 7, son of 
Robert de Ros, of Hamelake, d, 1285 (and his wife, m. 1244, 
Lady Isabel, daughter of William, d. 1285, son of HQliniant 
^'H[binit one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta), the 
son of William de Ros, of Hamelake, who d. 1258, eldest 
son of ^Robert be 1?06t ^^ Furfan, fourth Baron Ros, of 
Hamelake, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Admiral Sir Philip d* Arcy and Lady Elizabeth had : 

10. John d'Arcy, fifth Baron, 1377-1411, who m. Lady 
Margaret, who d. 144-, daughter of Sir Henry, fifth Baron 
de Grey, of Wilton, d, 1 394, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas, Lord Talbot, d. v. p. in France, 145- 
eldest son of the celebrated general, John de Talbot, K.G., 
lord of Furnival, created, in 1448, Earl of Shrewsbury, lord 
lieutenant and lord chancellor of Ireland, Earl of Waterford 
and Wexford, in the peerage of Ireland, k. in France, 1453, 



THE PEDIGREE OF I 



WllllAin de IVUIct. Geoffrey de Say. 

i I 

Helewisc de Malet. William de S«y. 

I I 

John de Muscegrot. William de Say. 

I I 

Robert de Muscegros. Lady de Say. 

I I 

Hawiae de Muscegro». John de Sodley. 

I I 

Robert de Ferrers. Joan de Sudley. 

RoDert de Ferrers-r Elizabeth Boteler. 



Henry de Bohun. 

I 

Humphrey de Bohun. 

I 
I 

Humphrey de Bohun. 
Humphrey de Bohun. 

Humphrey de Bohun. 

I 
Alianore de Bohun. 

I 
Petronella Butler. 
I 
Richard de Talbot- 



Robert de Vere. 

Hugh de Vere. 

I 

Robert de Vere. WillUm de Mowl 



Robert de Ferrers. 

Elizabeth de Ferren-*John de Greystock. 



Joan de Vere. 

Alice de Warren. 

I 
Richard Fitz-Alan. 

I 
Mary Fia-Alan. 

-Ankaret le Strange. 
I 
John de Talbot. 

Thomas de Talbot. 

EUzabeth de Talbot--Henry de Grey. 



Roger de Mowbra 

I 
Roger de Mowbra 

John de Mowbray 

Jonn de Mo^ 

John de Mov 

Jane de Mo< 



1 

Margaret de 



Joan (! 



wilUam, Baroi 
James Daube 
Giles Daubeney, 

John Daubeney, 

I 
George Daubeney. 

Henry Daubeney, 

George Daubeney, 

r 

Andrew Daubeney 

George Daubeney 

Lloyd Daubeney 

Lloyd Daubeney, of Nem 

EUza Marti 

William Coventry Henry Waddell, of 

Stisan A 



Philip Henr 



IP H. WADDELL SMITH. 



Roger Blfod. 
Hugli Blfod. 

Ralph Bigod. 
Isabel Hgod. 
John Fltz-Joha. 
Mand Fitx-John. 



John Pltz-Robert. 

Roger Fitz-John. 



Richard de Clare, 
ailbert de Clare. 



Saher de Qulncey. 

Robert de Quincey. 
John de Lacle—Margaret de Quincey. 



Richard de Clare-rMaud de Lacie. 



Gil 



bertdeO 



are. 



Isabel de Beanchamp. Robert Fitz-Roger. 

I I I 

Maud de Chaworth. Enpheme Fitz-Roger. Margaret de Qare. 



Joan PlantagOMt. 



Thomaa de Grey. 



Ralph de Neirill. Margaret d'Audley. 

John de Nevill. Hugh de Stafford. 

Ralph de NeviU"-Margaret de Stafford. 



Thomas de GreyT-AIice de Nevill. 



r 



William d'Alblnl. Robert de Roe. 

I 

William d'AIbini. William de Ro». 
Isabel d'AIbini-^ Robert de Koa. 

William de Roa. 

I 

Alice de Roa. 

I 

rairabeth de Meinlll. 
I 



Eliiabeth de Gny-VhiUp d'Arcy. 



John d'Arcy. 

1 

tock* "Johp d'Arcy. 

lrcy»Giles, Baron Danbeney. 

ney,^AXht de Scourton. 

eon,"" Eliiabedi Fanncefote. 

— Coles. 



vell^ Alice Penny. 
-enj-Hi-Uth Cote. 
ardl^Edith Symonds. 
areU^Jndidi Bryant. 
uun,-7Sarah BUckall. 

atol,y J*°* Uoyd. 

stol,---Dudbdla Sazbory. 

3ty,^Mary Coventry. 

ener» Henty Waddell, of New York Oty. 

'ari(,-7jnlia Anna Cobb. 

idel1-« 'Geofis Washington Smith, of Paraippany, N. J. 

ell Smith, of nttsbnrgh, Pa. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 361 

aged eighty years.* the second son of Sir Richard, fourth 
Baron Talbot, of Goodrich Castle, 1 361-1396, Baron le 
Strange in right of his wife, Lady Ankaret, daughter of 
John, fourth Baron le Strange, of Blackmere, d. 1361, and 
his wife, Lady Mary, daughter of Sir Richard Fitz-Alan, 
K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey ,f d, 1375, the son of Ed- 
mund, eighth Earl Arundel, K.B., beheaded 1326, and his 
wife, Lady Alice, daughter of William de Warren, d. 1285, 
and his wife Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere, fifth Earl of 
Oxford and sixth great chamberlain of England, son of 
Hugh, Earl of Oxford and great chamberlain (and his wife 
Hawise, daughter of SftbCf l)C (SlUittCC^t ^"^^ ^^ ^^^ Sure- 
ties for the observance of the Magna Charta), son of l?Ol>Crt 
&C \DcrCt Earl of Oxford and great chamberlain, one of the 
Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta. 

Sir Richard, fourth Baron Talbot aforesaid, was the son 
of Gilbert, Baron Talbot, of Goodrich Casde, 1 332-1 387, by 
his first wife. Lady Petronella, daughter of James Butler, 
second Earl of Carrick, created, in 1328, Earl of Ormond, 
Lord Butler of Ireland, and his wife, Lady Alianore, sister 
of three Earls of Hereford and of William, Earl of North- 
ampton, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, fourth Earl of 
Hereford and Essex, lord high constable of England, k. 1 32 1 
(and his wife Elizabeth, widow of John, Earl of Holland, 

* His wife was Lady Maud, daughter of Thomas Nevill, Baron Fumival, d, 
141 6 (brother of Sir Ralph, first Earl of Westmoreland), and his wife. Lady 
Joan, only child of William de Fumival, d, 1383, son of Thomas, d, 1339, son 
of Thomas, d, 1332, the son of Gerard de Fumival, d, 1280, and his laife. 
Lady Maud, daughter of John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, d, 42 
Henry H., aforesaid, a descendant of VOdet 3Bl0Od and Mttfib 3BidOD» both 
Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

f His wife was Lady Eleanor, daughter of Henry Plantagenet, third Earl of 
Lancaster, d, 1345, and his wife, Lady Maud de Chaworth, aforesaid, a de- 
scendant of MUflb 3Bi0Od and 'Rogct 3Bi0Od» both Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 

24 



362 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

and daughter of Edward I., King of England, and his first 
wife, Eleanor of Castile), son of Humphrey, Earl of Here- 
ford and Essex, d. 1 297, son of Humphrey de Bohun, d, v.p.^ 
eldest son of Humphrey, Earl of Hereford and Essex, d. 
1274, the son of licnt^ ^C IBObUttt one of the Sureties for 
the observance of the Magna Charta, by his wife, Lady 
Maud, a sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, one of the Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta. 

John, Baron d'Arcy, and Lady Margaret had : 
1 1. Sir John d'Arcy, second son, d. 1454. He m. Lady 
Joan, daughter of John, Baron de Greystock,* and his wife 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert, second Baron Ferrers, of 
Wemme (and his wife. Lady Joan, daughter of John of 
Gaunt, Earl of Lancaster, son of Edward IIL, King of Eng- 
land), who was the son of Sir Robert, first Baron Ferrers, 
of Wemme, by his wife. Lady Elizabeth, only daughter of 
William, second Baron Boteler, of Wemme, d. 1369, by his 
wife, Lady Joan, daughter of John, son of John de Sudley, 
lord chamberlain to Edward L, by his wife, a daughter of 
William, Baron Say, d. 1295, son of William de Say, gov- 
ernor of Rochester Castle, d. 1272, the son of (3C0ffrC^ l)C 
%ISC^^ one of the Sureties for the observance of the Magna 
Charta. 

Sir Robert Ferrers, of Welnme, was the son of Robert, 



* He was the son of Robert, fifth Baron Greystock, d, 1417, by his wife 
Catherine, daughter of Roger, Lord Clifford, d, 1390 (whose wife Maud was 
daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, third Earl of Warwick, aforesaid, and a 
descendant of mcbatD Oe ClatC and (BiltCtt Oe Clare, both Sureties for the 
observance of the Magna Charta), son of Robert, Lord de Clifford, sheriff of 
Westmoreland County, d, 1340, by his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of Thomas, 
son of Richard de Clare, aforesaid, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1226 
(and Lady Maud de Lacie, his wife, daughter of ^Obtl bC XaciC, one of the 
twenty-five Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta), a descendant of 

mcbatb be Clate, (Gilbert be Clate, and Saber be Quincei^, Sureties for the 

observance of the Magna Charta. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 363 

second Baron Ferrers, of Chartley,* son of John, Baron 
Ferrers, of Chartley, seneschal of Aquitaine, d. i324,f by 
his wife. Lady Hawyse, daughter of Sir Robert de Musce- 
gros, of Charleton, County Somerset, son of John de Musce- 
gros, of Charleton, the son of Sir Robert de Muscegros, of 
Berwain, and his wife. Lady Helewise, daughter of XPQliU 
lism &C flQfllCtf one of the Sureties for the observance of 
the Magna Charta. 

Sir John d'Arcy and his wife. Lady Joan Greystock, had ; 

12. Lady Joan d'Arcy, widow of John de Beaumont, m. 
Giles, fourth Baron Daubeney, sheriff of Bedfordshire and 
Bucks, ID Henry VI., b. Kempstead, County Bedford, Octo- 
ber 20, 1393, d. January 1 1, 1445-6, buried South Petherton, 
who was the son of Giles, third Baron Daubeney, d, August 
22, 1403, will dated June i, 1400, buried Kempstead Church 
(and Margery, daughter of Sir John Beauchamp), son of 
Giles Daubeney, enfeoffed in the lifetime of his father in 
the manor of South Petherton, d. at Barrington, County 
Somerset, June 24, 1386 (and Eleanor, daughter of Henry 
de Willington), son of Ralph d*Albini, or Daubeney, K.B., 
b. March 3, 1304-5, summoned to Parliament February 28, 
1342 (and Alice, daughter of Lord Montacute), son of Elias 
d'Albini, or Daubeney, first Baron, summoned to Parliament 
by writ of Edward I., November 2, 1 295, son of Ralph d' Al- 
bini, of South Petherton, County Somerset, d. 1291, son of 
Ralph d'Albini, who d. Acre, Syria, 11 90, a brother of 



* His wife was Agnes, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, aforesaid, Earl of 
Hereford, a descendant of Mentis ^C JSobUtl, one of the twenty-five Sureties 
for the observance of the Magna Charta. 

f He was the son of Robert de Ferrers, eighth Earl of Derby, d, 7 Edward 
I. (and Eleanor, daughter and heiress of Ralph, Lord Basset), the son of Wil- 
liam de Ferrers, seventh Elarl of Derby, k. 1254, and his second wife, Marg^aret, 
daughter of Roger de Quincey, Earl of Winchester, son of SsKXt ^C <ftttitlC€12» 
one of the Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta. 



364 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

mnilliam ^'Hlbinit who was one of the Sureties for the 
observance of the Magna Charta. 

Lady Joan d'Arcy and Giles, Lord Daubeney, had : 

1 3. William Daubeney, fifth Baron, lord of South Pether- 
ton, b. June 11, 1424, d. January 2, 1460. He m. Lady Alice, 
daughter of John de Stourton, of Preston (his sister, Edith 
de Beauchamp, was the mother of Margaret de Beaufort, 
grandmother of King Henry VII.), son of John de Stourton, 
of Preston, d. 1 364, by his wife, Lady Jane, daughter of Sir 
Ralph, third Baron Basset, of Drayton, K.B., d. 1343, and 
his wife, Lady Joan, daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, 
K.G., third Earl of Warwick, d. 1369, aforesaid, a descend- 
ant of 'Kooer »(flO& and Wuflb »(gO^, Sureties for the 
Magna Charta. 

William, fifth Baron Daubeney, and Lady Alice had : 

14. James Daubeney, second son (brother of Giles, sixth 
Baron, K.G., one of the esquires for the body of Henry 
VII., appointed of his council, constable of Bristol Casde 
and master of the mint, and created Lord Daubeney by 
patent, dated March 1 2, 1485-6, also governor of Calais and 
lord chamberlain of the household, d, London, May 28, 
1508, will dated May 19, 1508, buried St Paul's Chapel, 
Westminster Abbey, where a monument was erected to his 
memory and that of his wife Katherine, daughter of Sir John 
Arundel, by whom he left an only son, Henry, seventh Baron 
by writ of summons, but second Baron under the new crea- 
tion, aged fourteen at the death of his father, and who was 
created Earl of Bridgewater by patent, July 19, 1538, d. 
April 8, 1548, when the barony of Daubeney, created in 
i486, and the earldom of Bridgewater became extinct, but 
the barony created by writ, Edward I., anno 1 295, should 
have passed to his sister Cecily, Countess of Bath, but upon 
failure of descendants of that lady it became vested and is 
now in heirs-general of Elias, first Baron Daubeney), and 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 365 

eventual heir of Elias, first Baron, aforesaid, d. October i, 
1528 (Ex. 20 Henry VIII., No. 158), having issue by his 
wife Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Robert Pauncefote : 

15. Giles Daubeney, of Wayford, Somersetshire, eldest 
son and heir, aged forty-six at the death of his mother, d. at 
Wayford, March 22, 1558-9 (Ex. September 5, i Elizabeth, 
No. 36), who by his wife, daughter of Coles, of Som- 
ersetshire, had : 

16. John Daubeney, of Gorwell, in the parish of Litton 
Cheyney, Dorsetshire, fourth son, but next heir in remainder 
after the issue of James (who d. 1528) in the settlement of 
1 546. He m. Alice, daughter of Giles Penny, of East Coker, 
Somersetshire, and d. 1570, his will dated August i, 1570, 
proved November 25, 1570, and had: 

17. George Daubeney, of Gorwell, d. September 6, 1612, 
aged fifty-four years, buried at Litton Cheyney, who m, Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Thomas Coker, of Maypowder, Dorset- 
shire, buried Litton Cheyney, July 23, 1639, and had: 

18. Henry Daubeney, of Gorwell, eldest son, will dated 
December 23, 1655, proved May 19, 1656, buried at Litton 
Cheyney, who m. Edith Symonds, also buried at Litton 
Cheyney, January 24, 1650, and had: 

19. George Daubeney, of Gorwell, eldest son, bapt. at 
Litton Cheyney, December 16, 161 6, will dated October 3, 
1689, proved October 17, 1690, who m. Judith Bryant, of 
Litton Cheyney, buried there June 29, 1655, and had: 

20. Andrew Daubeney, of Pulham, Dorsetshire, bapt. at 
Litton Cheyney, April 14, 1653, buried at Pulham, Septem- 
ber 12, 1734, who nt. Sarah, daughter of Richard Blackall, 
of Britwell, Oxfordshire, and widow of Charles Revett, of 
the University of Oxford, clerk, and had : 

21. George Daubeney, eldest son, b. Buckshaw Hill, Hol- 
well, Somersetshire, buried St. James Church, Bristol, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1740, will dated February 22, 1730-1, proved May 



366 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

23, 1 741, who m. Jane Lloyd, of Bristol, buried St. James, 
September 15, 1761, and had: 

22. Lloyd Daubeney, of Bristol, bapL St. Nicholas Church 
there, November 9, 1718, buried St. James, Bristol, Decem- 
ber 22, 1754, administration granted January 16, 1755, who 
m. Ducibella Saxbury, at St. James Church, Bristol, Febru- 
ary 4, 1742, and had : 

23. Lloyd Daubeney, only surviving son, nineteenth in 
direct male descent from Robert de Todeni, standard-bearer 
to William the Conqueror and founder of Belvoir Castle, 
and fifteenth in direct male descent from Elias, first Baron 
d'AIbini, or Daubeney, whose honors, created by writ of 
summons, November 2, 1295, are now dormant in his heirs- 
general, believed to be in this line. He was b. Bristol, No- 
vember 22, 1746, and was a resident of New York City 
before 1 768, and owner of large landed estates in St Law- 
rence and Otsego Counties, Schuyler's and other patents. 
New York, and m. January 24, 1770, Mary Coventry, b. New 
York City, July 15, 1743, and d. New York City, October 
6, 1 81 3 (widow of James Calder, of New York City), 
daughter of Hon. William Coventry (and Elizabeth Hart, 
b. January 29, 1722 (O.S.), m. at St. Kitts, West Indies, 
August 28, 1739, d. New York City, August 22, 1803), b. 
in England, April 10, 1715 (O.S.), and removed to the island 
of St. Christopher, West Indies, and thence to New York 
City, before 1756, where, as a resident and property-holder 
in Dock Street, he was for many years one of the magis- 
trates of the city, and d. St. Kitts, West Indies, April 25, 
1 774 ; son of Thomas Coventry, third son (brother of Walter 
Coventry, eldest son, who d. 1 7 1 7, and William Coventry, 
Esquire, second son, who, in 1 719, as eldest male descendant 
of Walter, brother of Thomas Coventry, first Baron and 
lord keeper of the Great Seal, and in accordance with the 
limitations of the patent, upon failure of issue of Gilbert, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 367 

fourth Earl of Coventry, the last direct male descendant of 
Thomas Coventry, the lord keeper aforesaid, succeeded as 
fifth Earl of Coventry and Viscount Deerhurst, and was in 
turn succeeded, March 18, 1750, by his eldest son, George 
William, sixth Earl of Coventry and Viscount Deerhurst, 
who m. the very celebrated beauty Maria Gunning, daughter 
of John Gunning, Esq., of Roscommon) of Walter Coven- 
try, brother of Thomas, first Baron Coventry, of Ayles- 
borough, attorney-general to the crown and lord keeper of 
the Great Seal in 1625, sons of Thomas Coventry, chief jus- 
tice of the Court of Common Pleas, 1606, a lineal male de- 
scendant of John Coventry, who filled the offices of sheriff 
and lord mayor of the city of London in 141 6 and 1425. 
Lloyd Daubeney and Mary Coventry, aforesaid, had : 
24. Eliza Martin Daubeney, third child, but eventual 
heiress (others d. s. /.), d. October 25, 1779, New York 
City, 6api. November 10, 1779, by Rev. Mr. Inglis, rector 
Holy Trinity Church, New York, d. New York City and 
buried Waddell vault; m. November 8, 1800 (by Rev. Dr. 
Benjamin Moore), Captain Henry Waddell, of New York 
City, 6. New York City, March 31, 1767, will dated May 9, 
1 81 5, cl. New York City, July 13, 181 9, buried Waddell 
vault, eldest and only surviving son of Lieutenant- Colonel 
William Waddell, of New York City, and his wife, Geesie 
Filkin, m. at her father s residence, Pearl Street, New York, 
April 5, 1 76 1. 

Lieutenant-Colonel William Waddell, aforesaid, was 6. 
New York City, July 26, 1737 (O.S.), and was one of the 
aldermen and magistrates of the same prior to the Revolu- 
tion, during which he served as lieutenant-colonel of a loy- 
alist regiment in New York City, commission dated October 
23, 1776, and thereafter removing to London, cl. there July 
27, 181 3, and there buried. He was eldest son of Captain 
John Waddell, 6. Dover, Kent, England, October 3, 1714, 



368 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

and removed to New York City about 1735, d. there May 
29, 1 762, in his home on Dock Street (purchased from Wil- 
liam Coventry, aforesaid), and buried Waddell vault, Holy 
Trinity Church, New York City, will dated October 9, 1760 
(and his wife Anne, daughter of William Kirten, of New 
York City), eldest son of Lieutenant William Waddell, of 
the British navy, who lost his right arm in the service in 
burning the Spanish fleet at Vigo, Spain, b. Edinburgh, 
North Britain, and d. Dover, England, son of Captain John 
Waddell, " of Stebenheath in ye County of Middlesex, Esq., 
now Captn. of ye Rainbowe, a principall Ship of his ma'ties 
Navie Royalt," who had arms granted to "him and his pos- 
teritie, with their due differences, forever," May 3, 1627 
(copy of original grant on file Herald's College, London), 
for great naval victories in the Persian Gulf and Straits of 
Ormus, temp. idii. It is notable that this same vessel was 
one of the fleet (and third in point of size) which repelled 
the Spanish Armada, temp. 1588, and that in the engage- 
ment, in which Captain Waddell commanded against Kishm 
and Ormus, the great navigator Baffin was one of the 
Englishmen to lose their lives. 

Geesie Filkin, aforesaid, was b. Poughkeepsie, New York, 
March 25, 1740 (O.S.), d. New York City, January 19, 
1773, and buried Waddell vault. Holy Trinity Church, 
daughter of Francis Filkin, of New York City [and his wife 
Catherine, daughter of Colonel Leonard Lewis, of the colo- 
nial wars, a resident of New York City and Dutchess 
County, New York (and his wife, Elizabeth Hardenburg), 
son of Thomas Lewis, of English descent, and of New York 
City before r668], son of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Filkin, 
of the colonial wars, and of New York City as early as 
1684, of English descent. 

Eliza Martin Daubeney and Captain Waddell, aforesaid, 
had: 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 369 

25. William Coventry Henry Waddell, of Murray 
Hill, New York City, eldest son and heir, and only sur- 
viving descendant of Lloyd Daubeney, of Bristol, aforesaid, 
b. New York City, corner Broadway and Wall Street, May 
28, 1802, d. New York City, June i, 1884, financial agent 
of department of state and United States marshal for the 
Southern District of the State of New York under the ad- 
ministration of Andrew Jackson, official and general assignee 
in bankruptcy from 1841 to 1884; one of the principals in 
the important suits to determine the rights of the boards of 
proprietors of East and West New Jersey to land under 
water; in 1842, built his home on Murray Hill, northwest 
corner Fifth Avenue and Thirty-seventh Street, sometimes 
known as "Waddell Castle, *' famous in its day as the most 
imposing residence upon Manhattan Island ; m. Julia Anna 
Cobb, January, 1828 {m. secondly, Charlotte Augusta 
Southwick, widow of William McMurray, and had several 
children, all of whom d. s. p. v. p.)y b. Parsippany, April 29, 
1802, d. there June 20, 1841, and there buried, daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Lemuel Cobb, of Parsippany, New Jer- 
sey, ^. May 15, 1762, lieutenant-colonel Fourth Regiment 
New Jersey Militia, 1809-18 15, county judge, 181 3-18, 
1822-27, 1827-30, surveyor-general board of proprietors of 
East New Jersey, d. April i, 1830, buried at Parsippany 
(and his second wife, Susan Farrand, b. January 28, 1764, 
m, February i, 1796, d. August 2, 181 6, descended from 
Nathaniel Farrand, who was of Milford, Connecticut, in 
1645), son of Edward Cobb, of Parsippany, New Jersey, 
son of Ebenezer Cobb, b. Wales, May 13, 1696. 

William Coventry Henry Waddell and Julia Anna Cobb 
had : 

26. Susan Alice Waddell, b, September 26, 1834, Par- 
sippany, New Jersey, m. April 8, 1868, New York City, 
George Washington Smith, b. Troy (now Troy Hills), 



370 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Morris County, New Jersey, October 2, 1832, removed, 
1856, to Monee, Illinois, thence, in 1868, to Madison, New 
Jersey, and finally, in 1885, to Parsippany, New Jersey, son 
of Hiram Smith, of Troy, New Jersey, b. there August 25, 
1799, and there d. September 14, 1865, buried Parsippany 
(and his wife, Mary Allen Osborne, of Parsippany, b. April 
25, 1802, at Parsippany, ;». September 19, 1822, d. Troy, 
April 16, 1872, buried at Parsippany, of whom presently), 
son of Lieutenant-Colonel Hiram Smith, of Troy, b. Troy, 
New Jersey, December 22, 1756, d. April 27, 1833, buried 
Parsippany, served in the war of the Revolution as private, 
sergeant, and lieutenant in the third regiment of "Jersey 
Line," Continental army, served also in the eastern bat- 
talion. New Jersey Militia, and was major and lieutenant- 
colonel of the Fourth, or "lower" regiment of militia of 
Morris County, 1 793-1801, high sheriff of Morris County, 
1794-97, member of assembly, 1 791-2, and county judge, 
1 800-1 805 [and his wife Eleanor Parrett, daughter of Sam- 
uel Parrett, of Troy (whose father, Samuel Parrett, was in 
Elizabethtown as early as 1704), and his wife, Eleanor 
AUing, only child of Joseph Ailing, of Elizabethtown, New 
Jersey, later of Troy, New Jersey, and one of the earliest 
settlers and proprietors of that place], eldest son of Benja- 
min Smith, of Troy, b. 1725 (and his wife, Hannah Dod, 
daughter of Lieutenant Samuel Dod, of Orange, New Jer- 
sey, son of Samuel Dod, of Newark, son of Daniel and 
Mary Dod, both of Brantford, Connecticut, as early as 
1646-7), son of Richard Smith, of Troy, one of the earliest 
settlers of that place. 

Mary Allen Osborne, aforesaid, was the only child of 
Lieutenant Thomas Osborne, Jr., of Parsippany, b. October 
12, 1753, d. July 27, 1 8 18, buried Parsippany, served in the 
Revolutionary War as lieutenant in Captain Baldwin's com- 
pany, Eastern Battalion, New Jersey troops (son of Thomas 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 371 

Osborne, Sr., Parsippany), and his second wife, Hannah 
Howell, daughter of Gideon Howell, son of Edward How- 
ell, son of Richard Howell, of Southampton, Long Island, 
son of Richard Howell, Southampton, son of Edward How- 
ell, of Southampton, Long Island, one of the patentees of 
that place, made "freeman," Boston, March 14, 1639, son 
of Henry Howell, of Marsh Gibbon, Bucks, England, son 
of William Howell, who purchased, in 1536, from Sir Rob- 
ert Dormer, Knight, the manor of Westbury, in the parish 
of Marsh Gibbon, Bucks County, England. 

Susan Alice Waddell and George Washington Smith had : 
27. Philip Henry Waddell Smith, of Pittsburgh, b. Jan- 
uary 5, 1869, Madison, Morris County, New Jersey, a mem- 
ber of the Society of Colonial Wars, and Society Sons of the 
Revolution, and a founder of the Order of Runnemede. 



THE PEDIGREE OF CHARLES E. CADWALADER, M.D. 



Itoary d« Bohaa. Robert de Vcrc. 

Hnmiriuvy de Bohun. 
Hnmphrey de Bohun. 



Roger BIgod. 

Hagta Bigod. 

Ralph Bigod. 
Saber de J 

Quincey. Isabel Bigod. 

J I I 

Hugh de VereyHawise de John Fiu-John. 

I Quincey. | 

Robot de Vere. Maud Fiti-John. 



Hnmiriuey de B<diun. Joan de Vere. 



I 



Humphrey de Bohun. 
Wmiun de Bohun. 

EUxa 



Alice de Warren. 
Richard 



Richard de Clare. 

Joan de Qare. 
Rhys-mechyllt. 
Rhyt-vaug^. 
Rhvt-gloff. 
Madoc ap Rhys. 



Isabel de Beauchamp. Trahaun-goch. 
Maud de Cha worth** David-goch. 



r 



Fiu-AIan-->Eleanor Plantagenet. 



r 



beth de Bohun— Richard Fitz-Alan. 

Col. Qement Biddle, of Philadelphia,»Rebecca Cornell. 



levan ap David. 
Madoc ap levan. 
Deikws^ldu 



Mary Biddle^Gen. Thomas Cadwalader. 



9UO 

dwal 



Henri etta Maria McHvaine— Judge Jcmn Cadwalader. 
Charles Evert Cadwalader, M.D., of Philadelphia. 



Charles Evert Cadwalader, M*D* 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, Richard de Clare, 

Roger Bigod, Saher de Quincey, 

Henry de Bohun, Robert de Vere. 

1. 'KiCbar^ &C dare» Earl of Hertford, one of the Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta, d. 1 2 1 8, had by his wife, Lady 
Amicia, sister of King John's divorced wife and daughter 
of William, second Earl of Gloucester, d, 1183 : 

2. Lady Joan de Clare (sister to Gilbert de Clare, one 
of the Sureties for the Magna Charta), who m. Rhys-gryd, 
lord of Yestradtywy, son of Rhys ap Gryfiyth, lord of Rhys, 
Prince and chief justice of South Wales, d. 1 197, and had : 

3. Rhys-mechyllt, lord of Llandovery Castle, d. 1242-3, 
who had : 

4. Rhys-vaughn, lord of Yestradtywy, who nt. Lady 
Gwladys, daughter of Griffith, lord of Cymcydmaen, and 
had: 

5. Rhys-gloff, lord of Cymcydmaen, who m. Gwyrryl, 
daughter of Maeljnvn ap Cadwalader, and had : 

6. Madoc ap Rhys-gloff, who m, Tanglwyst, daughter 
of Gronowy ap Einion, and had : 

7. Trahairn GOCH AP Madoc, lord of Llyngnainianoc and 
Penllech, who m. Gwyrryl, daughter of Madoc ap Meirig, 
and had : 

373 



374 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

8. David-goch ap Trahairn-goch, lord of Penllech, temp. 
1314, who m. Lady Maud, daughter of David Lloyd ap 
Cynveloe ap Llewellyn, a natural son of David, Prince of 
Wales, son of Llewellyn the Great, Prince of Wales, and 
his wife, Joan, a natural daughter of King John of England, 
and had : 

9. Ievan ap David-goch, lord of Penllech and Grainoc, 
temp. 1352, who m. Eva, daughter of Einion ap Celynnin, 
lord of Llwydiarth, and had : 

10. Madoc ap Ievan, lord of Grainoc, who had : 

1 1 . Deikws-ddu ap Madoc, who m. Gwen, daughter of 
levan-ddu, and had : 

12. Einion ap Deikws-ddu, who m. Morvydd, daughter 
of Matw ap Llowasch, and had : 

13. HowEL AP Einion, who m. Mali, daughter of Llewel- 
lyn ap Ievan, and had : 

14. Gryffyth AP HowEL, who m. Gwenlian, daughter of 
Einion ap Ievan Lloyd, and had : 

1 5. Lewis ap Gryffyth, lord of Yshute, who m. Ethli, or 
Ellen, daughter of Edward ap Ievan Llanoddyn, by his wife 
Catherine, daughter of Gryffyth ap Llewellyn ap Einion ap 
David, which latter David was lord of Cryniarth, in Eder- 
mon, and was the son and heir of David ap Ievan ap Einion, 
captain of Harlech Castle in 1 468, by his wife Margaret, 
daughter of John Puleston, of Emral, Flintshire, whose 
mother, Lowry, was a sister of Tudor- Vaughn and Owen 
Glendower, the celebrated Welsh chieftain, and daughter of 
Gryffyth- vaughn, fourth lord of Glyndwrdwyn, or Glyn- 
dyfrdwy, in Merionethshire, by his wife, m. 1343, Eleanor, 
sister of Margaret, mother of Sir Owen Tudor, the grand- 
father of King Henry VII. of England. Gryffyth-vaughn 
was the son of Gryffyth, lord of Rushalt, representative of 
the sovereign princes of Powys, by his wife Elizabeth, 
daughter of John, second Baron le Strange, of Knockyn. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 375 

Lady Eleanor vch. Thomas, who m., in 1343, Gryflfyth- 
vaughn, was a daughter and coheiress of Thomas ap Lle- 
wellyn, lord of South Wales (by his wife Eleanor, daughter 
of Philip ap levan, or Yevor, lord of Iscoed, in Cardigan- 
shire, and Princess Unica, or Catherine, daughter of Llewel- 
lyn ap Gryflfyth, Prince of North Wales, by his first wife), 
son of Llewellyn ap Owen, lord of South Wales, by his wife 
Eleanor, daughter of Henri, Count de Barr, and his wife, 
the Princess Eleanor Plantagenet, widow of Alphonso, King 
of Arragon, and daughter of Edward L, King of England, 
by his first wife, Princess Eleanor, daughter of Ferdinand 
III., King of Castile. 

Lewis ap Gryffyth, lord of Yshute, had by Ethli, his wife : 

16. Robert ap Lewis, who m. Gwyrryl, daughter of 
Llewellyn ap David, lord of Llan Rwst, in Denbigshire, and 
had: 

1 7. Ievan ap Robert, lord of Rhiwlas and Vron Goch, in 
Merionethshire, who had by his wife, Jane, but of what 
family she was is unknown : 

18. Owen ap Ievan, lord of Vron Goch, who d. in 1669, 
having issue by his wife, Gainor vch. John, a daughter : 

19. Ellen vch. Owen, b. 1660, d. 169-, who m. before 
May 16, 1675, Cadwalader Thomas ap Hugh, of Kiltalgarth, 
Llanvawr, in Merionethshire, d, before February 9, 1682-3, 
and had : 

20. John Cadwalader, b. before 1682, who came to 
Pennsylvania, and was admitted a freeman in Philadelphia 
in July, 1705. He was elected to the common council, 
1718-33; member of the provincial assembly, 1729-34; d. 
July 23, 1734. He m. at Friends' meeting. Lower Merion, 
Pennsylvania, December 29, 1699, Martha, daughter of Dr. 
Edward Jones, of Merion, Pennsylvania, d, 1737 (and his 
wife Mary, daughter of Dr. Thomas Wynne, of Philadelphia, 
b. 1630, at Bron-vadog, near Caerwys, Flintshire, who came 



376 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

to Pennsylvania with William Penn in the Welcome, in 1682, 
and was a member and speaker of the first Pennsylvania 
Assembly) , and had : 

21. Thomas Cadwalader, M.D., of Philadelphia, member 
of the provincial council of Pennsylvania, 1755; medical 
director in the Continental army, who d. at his seat, ** Green- 
wood," near Trenton, New Jersey, November 14, 1779, 
aged seventy-two. He m. June 18, 1737-8, Hannah, b. 
1 71 1, d. 1786, daughter of Thomas Lambert, b. 1677, and 
his second wife, tn. 1710, Anne, daughter of William Wood, 
member of Pennsylvania Assembly from Bucks County. 

Thomas Lambert, who was justice of the peace for 
Nottingham Township, 1699, and represented Burlington 
County, New Jersey, in the New Jersey Assemblies of 1703- 
10 and in 1 721, was the third son of Thomas Lambert IV., b. 
1621, //. 1694, who joined the Yorkshire company of Friends 
which bought the proprietary rights of Carteret in West 
Jersey. He came to New Jersey in December, 1 678, and 
settled finally on a tract of eight hundred and eighty-nine 
acres of land, named *' Lamberton," now located in the Sixth 
Ward of the city of Trenton, and subsequently bought two 
tracts, eight hundred and eight hundred and fifty-one acres, 
adjacent to this one. He became member of the New Jer- 
sey Assemblies of 1681-85, justice of the peace and com- 
missioner of lands in Nottingham Township, lay-judge of 
quarter sessions, special and common pleas and general 
courts, and also held many minor offices of trust; member 
of the ** West Jersey Society,*' 1691. 

Thomas Cadwalader, M.D., of Philadelphia, had by his 
wife, Hannah Lambert : 

22. Major-General John Cadwalader, of Philadelphia, 
b. January 10, 1742, d. February 10, 1786, who had by his 
second wife, m. January 30, 1779, Williamina, b. February 
23, 1753* ^- September 9, 1837, daughter of Dr. Phineas 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 377 

Bond, of Philadelphia, 171 7-1 773, by his wife Williamina, 
daughter of Judge William Moore, of ** Moore Hall," Ches- 
ter County, Pennsylvania, 1 699-1 783 : 

23. Major-General Thomas Cadwalader, of Philadel- 
phia, b. October 29, 1779, d. October 31, 1841, who m. 
June 25, 1804, Mary, b. January 12, 1781, daughter of Colo- 
nel Clement Biddle, of Philadelphia, United States marshal 
for Pennsylvania, and his second wife, Rebekah, only daugh- 
ter of Gideon Cornell, lieutenant-governor and chief justice 
of Rhode Island. 

Colonel Clement Biddle, b. May 10, 1740, d. July 10, 
1814, was the second son of John Biddle (son of William 
Biddle, of Mount Hope, in New Jersey), and his wife, m. 
March 3, 1736, Sarah, eldest daughter of Owen Owen, 
high sheriff in 1726, and coroner of Philadelphia County 
(and his wife, Anne Wood, m, 1714), who was descended as 
follows from Sureties for the Magna Charta : 

Tlenr^ ^C BObun^ ^ Magna Charta Surety, created, in 
1 1 99, Earl of Hereford, lord high constable of England, 
Earl of Essex,//. 1220. He m. Lady Maud, daughter of 
Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, Earl of Essex, lord high justice of Eng- 
land, and sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, one of the Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, d. 
1274, who m. first. Lady Maud, daughter of Henry, Baron 
d'Eue, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, governor of Goodrich and Win- 
chester Castles, eldest son, d. v. /., who m. Lady Eleanor, 
daughter of William de Braose, of Brecknock, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, lord 
high constable, d, 1297, who m, Maud de Fienes, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, lord 
high constable, k. 1321, who m. November 14, 1302, Prin- 
cess Elizabeth, widow of Sir John, Earl of Holland, and 

25 



378 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

daughter of Edward I., King of England, and his first wife, 
Princess Eleanor of Castile, and had : 

William de Bohun, K.G., fifth son, created, in 1337, Earl 
of Northampton, d. 1360, who m. Lady Elizabeth, daughter 
of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, executed in 1322, and 
widow of Edmund de Mortimer, and had : 

Lady Elizabeth de Bohun, who m. Richard Fitz-AIan, 
K.G., tenth Earl of Arundel, beheaded in 1398. He was 
the son of Richard, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d, 
1 375 (2tnd his second wife. Lady Eleanor Plantagenet), the 
son of Edmund, K.G., Earl of Arundel, beheaded in 1326, 
and his wife. Lady Alice, daughter of William de Warren, 
d. 1 286, and his wife, Lady Joan, daughter of Robert de 
Vere, fifth Earl of Oxford, great high chamberlain, d. 1296, 
the son of Hugh de Vere, Earl of Oxford, great high cham- 
berlain, d. 1203 (and his wife, Lady Hawise, daughter of 
Saber ^C iSlUinCC^, a Magna Charta Surety, Earl of Win- 
chester, d, 1 219), the son of 1{0l)Crt &C yS^ZXZ^ a Magna 
Charta Surety, Earl of Oxford, d. 1221. 

Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, aforesaid, was the daughter 
of Henry, sixth Earl of Lancaster, d. 1345 (a grandson of 
Henry III., King of England), and his wife. Lady Maud, 
daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, by his wife Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William de Beauchamp, first Earl of Warwick, 
d. 1298, and his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of John Fitz- 
John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz-Geof- 
frey, chief justice of Ireland, 1246, and his wife, Lady Isabel, 
daughter of Sir Ralph, third son of liUOb 3Bi^0^9 son of 
1?0dCr 3Bi^0^9 both Sureties for the Magna Charta and 
Earls of Norfolk. 

Lady Elizabeth de Bohun and Sir Richard, Earl of Arun- 
del, aforesaid, had : 

Lady Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, d. 1425, who m. thirdly. Sir 
Robert Goushill, of Hault-Hucknall, Derbyshire, an esquire 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 379 

to Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, Lady Elizabeth's 
first husband, and had : 

Lady Joan Goushill, who vi. Thomas, Baron Stanley, 
K.G., lord chamberlain, d. January 12, 1458-9, and had : 

Lady Margaret Stanley, who m. secondly. Sir William 
Troutbeck, of Prynes Castle, Cheshire, k. at Bloreheath, 
and had : 

Lady Jane Troutbeck, who m. secondly, William Griffith, 
K.B., of Penrhyn Castle, Carnarvonshire, chamberlain of 
North Wales, and had : 

Sir William Griffith, of Penrhyn Castle, chamberlain of 
North Wales, who m. secondly, Jane, daughter of John 
Puleston, of Carnarvon, and had : 

Sibil Griffith, who m. Owen ap Hugh, of Bodeon, high 
sheriff of Anglesea in 1563 and 1580, d. 1613, and had: 

Jane Owen, who m. Hugh Gwyn, of Penrath, high sheriff 
of Carnarvonshire, in 1600, and had: 

Sibil Gwyn, who m. John Powel, of Llanwddwn Township, 
Montgomeryshire, Wales, and had : 

Elizabeth Powel, who m. Humphrey ap Hugh ap David 
ap Howel ap Grono ap Einion, of Merionethshire, and had : 

Owen ap Humphrey, of Llwyn-du, Llwyngwrill Township, 
Merionethshire, a justice in 1678, who had by Jane : 

Rebecca Humphrey, who m. 1678, Robert Owen, of Vron 
Goch, Merionethshire, b. 1657, removed to Pennsylvania in 
1690, became a justice of the peace for Merion Township, 
then in Philadelphia County, and a member of the provincial 
assembly, d. 1697, and had : 

Owen Owen, of Philadelphia, 1 690-1 741, aforesaid, grand- 
father of Colonel Clement Biddle, whose daughter Mary m. 
June 25, 1804, General Thomas Cadwalader, and had : 

24. Judge John Cadwalader, LL.D., of Philadelphia, b. 
April 1, 1804; d. January 26, 1879 ; member of Congress 
and judge of United States District Court of Pennsylvania. 



38o THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

He had by his second wife, Henrietta Maria, widow of 
Bloomfield McIIvaine and daughter of Charies N. Bancker, 
of Philadelphia : 

25. Charles Evert Cadwalader, M.D., of Philadelphia, 
b. November 5, 1 839, eldest son by second marriage. Dr. 
Cadwalader was a member of the First Troop, Philadelphia 
City Cavalry, when the American Civil War began, and 
became first lieutenant in the Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry ; 
was promoted to captaincy, and in 1862 was brevetted 
major in the United States Volunteers, and for his gallantry 
in the battle of Gettysburg was promoted to lieutenant- 
colonel, being in this celebrated batde an aide-de-camp on 
the staff of General Meade. Dr. Cadwalader iw., at St. 
Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, July 15, 
1897, Miss Bridget Mary Ryan. He is a member of the 
Society of Colonial Wars and a founder of the Order of 
Runnemede. 

Arms. — Gu, a liofi rampant^ ar., armed and langued, az. 




GEORGK PERKINS LAWTON. 



George Perkins Lawton 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

William d'Albini, John dc Lacie, 

Hugh Bigod, William dc Mowbray, 

Roger Bigod, Saher de Quincey, 

Henry de Bohun, Robert de Ros, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Vere, 

Richard de Clare, Eustace de Vesci. 
John Fitz-Robert, 

1. Hcnr^ ^C 3B0bun, one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hereford, lord high constable of England, 
d. 1 2 20, m. Lady Maud, daughter of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers de 
MandeviUe, first Earl of Essex, lord high justice of Eng- 
land, and sister of Geoffrey de MandeviUe, one of the Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta, and had by her : 

2. Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex. 
He was a very distinguished person among the rebellious 
Barons in the time of Henry III., and was taken prisoner 
at Evesham, fighting under the baronial banner. In 47 
Henry III. he and other Barons were excommunicated for 
plundering churches in time of war, and he was one of 
the commanders at the battle of Lewes, and served as gov- 
ernor of Goodrich and Winchester Castles. He d. 1274, 
having issue by his first wife, Lady Maud, daughter of 
Raoul d' Eue : 

3. Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son, who was taken pris- 
oner with his father at Evesham, and d. v. p. He com- 

381 



382 THE ^LVGNA CHARTA BARONS 

manded a party of infantry at the battle of Evesham, and 
died in Beeston Castle soon after his capture and imprison- 
ment He m. Lady Eleanor, daughter and coheiress of 
William, sixth Baron de Braose, of Brecknock, and co- 
heiress of her mother. Lady Eve, one of the daughters and 
coheiresses of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, tlie 
friend and adviser of King John, and sister of William 
Marshall, the younger, one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, and had : 

4. Humphrey de Bohun, who succeeded as Earl of Here- 
ford and Essex, and was lord high constable. He attended 
Edward I. on his expedition into Scodand, and took a prom- 
inent part in the great battle near Roxborough. He m. 
Lady Maud, daughter of Ingelram de Fienes, or of William, 
Baron de Fienes, and, dying in 1 297-8, had : 

5. Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, 
lord high constable. He was taken prisoner in the Scottish 
wars and was exchanged for the wife of Robert Bruce, then 
a captive-hostage in England. Subsequently he joined the 
banner of the insurrectionary Barons, under the Earl of 
Lancaster, and was killed in the battle of Boroughbridge, 
March 16, 132 1-2. He m. November 14, 1302, Princess 
Elizabeth Plantagenet, b. 1282, d. 1316, widow of Sir John, 
Earl of Holland, and daughter of Edward I., King of Eng- 
land (by his first wife, Lady Eleanor, daughter of Ferdi- 
nand III., King of Castile and Leon), the son of King 
Henry III., and grandson of King John, of England, and 
had: 

6. Lady Alianore de Bohun, sister of three Earls of 
Hereford and of William, Earl of Northampton. She tn. 
first, 1327, James Butler, second Earl of Carrick, created, 
in 1328, Earl of Ormond, seventh Lord Buder, of Ireland. 
He was the son of Sir Edmund Buder, Earl of Carrick (and 
his wife, ;;/. 1 302, Lady Joan, daughter of John Fitz-Gerald, 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 383 

first Earl of Kildare, crowned "King of Ireland*'), son of 
Theobald, the fourth Lord Butler, of Ireland, d, 1 285, by 
his wife, Lady Joan de Baronis, daughter of John Fitz-Piers 
Fitz-Geoffrey, lord of Berkhampstead and Kirtling, sheriff of 
Yorkshire, 1234, lord justice of Ireland, 1246 (son of Geof- 
frey de Mandeville, first Earl of Essex, justiciar}*^ of Eng- 
land, ^. 1 2 12), by his wife. Lady Isabel, widow of Gilbert de 
Lacie, lord of Meath, in Ireland, and daughter of Sir Ralph 
Bigod, Knight, third son of liUOb IBiflOl), one of the Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Norfolk, d, 1225 (by his 
wife. Lady Maud Marshall, sister of William Marshall, Jr., 
one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, and daughter of 
William, Earl of Pembroke), eldest son of 'RoOCr 3Bi^0^» 
one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Norfolk, 
and lord high steward of England, d. 1220. 

Lady Alianore and James, Earl of Carrick, had : 

7. Lady Petronella Butler, who»^., as his first wife, Gil- 
bert, third Baron Talbot, of Goodrich Casde, b. 1332, d. 1 387, 
who served under the Black Prince in the French wars, son 
of Richard de Talbot, of Goodrich Casde, in Hereford, a 
banneret, who headed an invasion of Scodand, on his own 
account, to recover certain lands, which he claimed in right 
of his wife, Elizabeth Comyn, and defeated the Scotch at 
Gleddesmore, but was subsequently taken prisoner and ran- 
somed, and had : 

8. Sir Richard Talbot, eldest son, Baron Talbot, of 
Goodrich and of Blackmere. He was in the wars in Scot- 
land and attained the rank of banneret, and, dying in 1 396, 
had issue by his wife, Lady Ankaret, daughter of John, 
fourth Baron le Strange, of Blackmere, d, 1361, who served 
in the Scottish wars and attained the rank of banneret, and 
his wife, Lady Mary, daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., 
Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d. 1375, and his second wife, 
Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, widow of John de Beaumont, d. 



384 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

1342, and daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (by his 
wife, Lady Maud de Chaworth*), son of Edmund, Earl of 
Leicester, lord high steward, d. 1 295 (by his second wife, Lady 
Blanche, widow of Henry I , King of Navarre, and daughter 
of Robert, Earl of Artois, son of Louis VIII., King of 
France, by his wife, Princess Blanche, daughter of Al- 
PHONSO VllL, King of Castile, and his wife. Princess El- 
eanor Plantagenet, sister of King John, and daughter of 
Henry IL, King of England), brother of Edward I., and 
son of Henry IIL, King of England. 

^Robert be IDcrC, a Surety for the Magna Charta, third 
Earl of Oxford, had by his wife. Lady Isabel de Bolebec : 
Hugh, fourth Earl, great high chamberlain, d. 1263, who had 
by his wife, Lady Hawise, daughter of SabCt bC (SlUitKCl^t 
a Magna Charta Surety: Robert, fifth Earl, d. 1296, who m. 
Lady Alice, daughter of Gilbert, Baron de Saundford, and 
had : Lady Joan, m. William de Warren, d. v. p. 1 286, eldest 
son of John, seventh Earl of Surrey, and had : Lady Alice, 
m. 1305, Edmund Fitz-Alan, K.B., Earl of Arundel, beheaded 
in 1326, and had: Sir Richard Fitz-Alan, Earl of Arundel 
and Surrey, aforesaid. 

Sir Richard, Baron Talbot, and Lady Ankaret had : 
9. General John de Talbot, K.G., sixth Baron, lord of 
Furnival, second son, first Earl of Shrewsbury and Earl of 
Waterford and Wexford, in Ireland. He was one of the 
most illustrious characters in the whole range of English 
history. In 141 2 he was appointed chief justice of Ireland, 
and afterwards constituted lord lieutenant. He subse- 



* Lady Maud, b, 1280, was the daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, 1253- 
1282, by his wife, Lady Isabel, daughter of William de Beauchamp, created 
Earl of Warwick, d, 1298, and his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of John Fitz- 
John, justiciary of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz-Geoffrey, justiciary of Ire- 
land, 1246, and his wife. Lady Isabel Bigod, aforesaid, a descendant of 1{O0CT 
JSi0OD and WU0b JSigODf both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 385 

quendy distinguished himself in the wars of Henry V., but 
his splendid reputation as a soldier was acquired under the 
regent, John, Duke of Bedford, temp. Henry VI., but finally, 
after achieving many victories over the French, his army 
suffered a disastrous defeat at the hands of the Maid of 
Orleans, near Patay, in 1429, when he became a prisoner to 
this enthusiastic amazon and was detained in captivity four 
years. Again taking the field, he once more became re- 
nowned for his triumphs, and was created, in 1442, Earl of 
Shrewsbury, was again lord lieutenant of Ireland, and made 
a peer of that kingdom in 1446, receiving many valuable 
grants. Although now far advanced in life, he was the 
second time placed in command of the army in France, gain- 
ing fresh laurels, and was appointed lieutenant of Aquitaine, 
which he attempted to subdue, but was defeated and slain 
by a cannon-ball, in his eightieth year, July 20, 1453. His 
body was brought to England and interred at Whitechurch, 
in Salop County. 

The Earl of Shrewsbury in. first, in 1408, Lady Maud de 
Nevill, heiress of Furnival,* and had by her: 

10. Thomas de Talbot, Lord Talbot, eldest son, who was 
with his father in the wars in France, where he was slain, 
V. p., in 1453, having had issue by his wife, whose name has 
not been preserved : 

11. Lady Elizabeth de Talbot, who iw. Sir Henry, fifth 

* She was the daughter of Thomas, Baron de Nevill, of Halumshire (brother 
of Ralph, first Earl of Westmoreland), and lord of Furnival, in right of his 
wife Joan, daughter of William, fourth Baron de Furnival, d, 1383, second son 
of Thomas de Furnival, Jr., a feudal Baron (by his wife Joan, daughter and co- 
heiress of Theobald de Verdon and widow of William de Montacute, Jr.), d. 
1 339, whose father, Thomas de Furnival, a prominent Baron and military com- 
mander in the time of King Edward I., was the eldest son of Gerard de Fur- 
nival, d. ante 1 280, whose wife was Lady Maud, daughter of John Fitz-John, 
chief justice of Ireland, 1258, aforesaid, a descendant of ItOdCt JSi^oO and 
WU0b JSt0O{>« both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



386 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Baron de Grey, of Wilton, d. 1394-5, son of Reginald, 
fourth Baron, son of Henry, third Baron, d, 1342, son of 
John, second Baron de Grey, of Ruthyn, d. 1323, by his first 
wife, Lady Anne, daughter of William de Ferrers, lord of 
Groby, d. 1287 (t>y ^^s wife. Lady Joan Despencer, sister of 
Hugh, Earl of Winchester, executed in 1326), second son 
of William, seventh Earl of Derby, d. 1254, by his second 
wife. Lady Margaret de Quincey, daughter of Roger, second 
Earl of Winchester, constable of Scodand, d. 1264 (by his 
wife. Lady Helen, daughter of Alan Macdonald, lord of 
Galloway), the second son of Sabcr ^C (SlUittCC^t Earl of 
Winchester, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Henry de Grey and the Lady Elizabeth had : 

12. Ladv Margaret de Grey, who m. first, John, fifth 
Baron d'Arcy, b. 1377, d. 141 1, son of Sir Philip, fourth 
Baron d'Arcy, admiral of the royal navy, 1356, d. 1398, by 
his wife, Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas de Grey, of 
Heton, beheaded, August 5, 141 5, for political reasons, and 
his wife. Lady Alice de Nevill. 

Admiral Sir Philip d' Arcy was the second son of Sir John, 
second Baron d'Arcy, 131 7-1356, constable of the Tower 
of London, and his wife. Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Nich- 
olas, Baron de Meinill, of Wherlton, York, d. s. p. m, 1342, 
and his wife. Lady Alice, daughter of William, seventh 
Baron Ros, of Hamlake, d. 131 7, son of Robert, sixth Baron 
Ros, of Hamlake, d, 1285 (^^^ his wife, tn, 1244, Lady Isa- 
bel, daughter of William, fourth Baron d' Albini, d. s. p. tn. 
1285, son of IKnilliam ^'Hll)ini, one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta), son of William, fifth Baron Ros, of Ham- 
lake, d, 1258, the son of 'Rol)Crt ^C 1?O09 one of the Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta. 

Sir Thomas de Grey, aforesaid, was the second son of Sir 
Thomas de Grey, of Berwyke, constable of Norham Castle, 
1390, by his wife. Lady Jane, daughter of John, fourth Baron 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 387 

de Mowbray, of Axholme, k. 1368, by his wife, m. 1353, Lady 
Elizabeth, only child of John, third Baron de Segrave, d. s. 
p. m. 1353, and his wife Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, d. 
1399, daughter of Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Norfolk and 
marshal of England, a son of Edward I., King of England, 
and his second wife, the Princess Margaret, daughter of 
Philip III., the Hardy, King of France, and his first wife, 
the Princess Isabella, daughter of James I., King of Ar- 
ragon. 

John, fourth Baron de Mowbray, aforesaid, who was killed 
by Turks in June, 1368, was the son of John, third Baron, 
of Axholme, d, October 4, 1361 (by his wife. Lady Joan 
Plantagenet*), eldest son of John, second Baron, d. 1321 
(and his wife. Lady Aliva, daughter of William, Baron Bra- 
ose, of Gower, d. s. p. m. 1322), son of Roger, Baron de 
Mowbray, Lord of the Isle of Axholme, first Baron by writ, 
d. 1298 (and his wife, Lady Rose de Clare, **a granddaugh- 
ter of the Earl of Clare"), whose father, Roger, d. 1266, 
was the second son of HQlilUam ^C flDOWbra^, one of the 
Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Lady Alice de Nevill, aforesaid, was the daughter of Ralph, 
Baron de Nevill, K.G., of Raby, created, in 1399, Earl of 
Westmoreland and earl marshal for life, d. 1425, by his first 
wife. Lady Margaret, daughter of Hugh de Stafford, K.G., 
second Earl of Stafford, d. 1386 (and his wife, Lady Philippa 
de Beauchampf ), son of Ralph, K.G., created, in 1351, Earl 

* She was the sister of Henry of Gresmont, Duke of Lancaster, and daugh- 
ter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (son of Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, a son of 
Henry III., King of England), by his wife. Lady Maud de Chaworth, afore- 
said, a descendant of 'BOQiCt JStflOO and WU0b J8i0OO, Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 

f She was the daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, third Earl of Warwick, 
one of the original members of the Order of Knights of the Garter, d, 1369 
(and his wife, Lady Catherine de Mortimer, daughter of Roger, first Earl of 
March, executed in 1330), son of Guy, second Earl of Warwick, d, 1315, 



388 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

of Stafford, one of the original members of the Order of 
Knights of the Garter, d. 1372, and his wife, Lady Mar- 
garet, daughter of Hugh d'Audley, created, in 1337, Earl of 
Gloucester, d, 1 347-9, and his wife. Lady Margaret, widow 
of Piers de Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall, beheaded in 13 10, 
and daughter of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and 
Gloucester, d. 1 295, by his second wife, the Princess Joan 
d'Acre, d, 1305, a daughter of Edward I., King of Eng- 
land, and his first wife. Princess Eleanor, daughter of Fer- 
dinand III., King of Castile and Leon. 

30bn fitSt^VObertf a Magna Charta Surety, lord of 
Clavering, had by his wife, Lady Ada de Baliol: Roger 
Fitz-John, lord of Warkworth and Clavering, rt^. 1249, father 
of Robert Fitz-Roger, lord of Clavering, first Baron by 
writ, d. 1 311, who w. Lady Margaret de la Zouche, and had : 
Lady Eupheme (or Anastasia), heir to her brother, John 
Fitz-Robert de Clavering, who m. Ralph de Nevill, first 
Baron by writ, d. 1331, and had: Ralph, second son and 
second Baron Nevill, of Raby, d, 1 367, who m. Lady Alice, 
daughter of Sir Hugh d'Audley, governor of Montgomery 
Castle in 1310, sister of Hugh, Earl of Gloucester, and 
widow of Ralph, Baron de Greystock, and had : John de 
Nevill, K.G., third Baron, d. October 1 7, 1 389, who had by 
his first wife. Lady Maud, daughter of Henry, Baron Percy, 
of Alnwick : Ralph Nevill, K.G., first Earl of Westmoreland, 
aforesaid. 

Gilbert, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, aforesaid, was 
the eldest son of Richard, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, 
d. 1262 (and his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of 30bn l)C 
XaclC, Earl of Lincoln, one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, and his second wife. Lady Margaret, daughter of 

eldest son of William de Beauchamp, created Earl of Warwick, d, 1298, and 
his wife, Lady Maud Fitz-John, aforesaid, a descendant of 1{O0Cr JSf0O^ and 
WU0b JSi0OOi Sureties for the Magna Charta. 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 389 

Robert, eldest son of SabCf &C iSlUinCCI?, Earl of Win- 
chester, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta), eldest 
son of (Bilbert ^C Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester 
(and his wife. Lady Isabel Marshall, daughter of William, 
Earl of Pembroke, King John's chief councillor, and sister 
of William Marshall, Jr., one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta), the son of 1Ricbar^ ^e ClatC, Earl of Hertford, 
one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 
Lady Margaret de Grey had by John d' Arcy : 

13. Philip d'Arcy, sixth Baron, who d. in 1418, before 
he had attained his majority, when the barony of d'Arcy 
fell into abeyance between his two daughters. He m. Lady 
Eleanor, daughter of Henry, third Baron Fitz-Hugh, K.G., 
d, 1424, a crusader, who attained great eminence in the 
reigns of Henry IV. and V., and was appointed constable 
of England, and was afterwards lord chamberlain to Henry 
v., and assisted at the council of Constance. 

£U0taCC ^C IDCOdt a Surety for the Magna Charta, had : 
William de Vesci, d. 1253, who had by his second wife. Lady 
Agnes, daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby : 
William de Vesci, second son, d. 1297, who m. Lady Isabel, 
widow of Robert de Welles and daughter of Adam de Peri- 
ton, and had : Lady Isabel de Vesci, who m. William de 
Welles, of Alford and Gremesby, Lincolnshire, temp. 1 1 
Edward I., and had: Adam, d. 1311, who had: Adam, sec- 
ond son, d. 1345, who had: John, d. 1361, who had: John, 
d. 1 42 1, who had: Lady Marger>', widow of John, son of 
Sir William de Huntingfield, who nt. Sir Stephen le Scrope, 
second Baron, d. 1406, and had: Henry, third Baron, of 
Masham, beheaded in 1415. father of Lady Joan, who m. 
Henry Fitz-Hugh, second Baron, d. 1386, and had: Sir 
Henry Fitz-Hugh, K.G., third Baron, whose daughter. Lady 
Eleanor, m. Philip, Baron d* Arcy, aforesaid, and had : 

14. Lady Margaret d'Arcy, second daughter and co- 



390 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

heiress, who m. Sir John Conyers, of Hornby Castle, York- 
shire, and had : 

15. Richard Conyers, lord of Horden Manor, in County 
Durham, in right of his wife (younger brother of Sir John 
Conyers, K.G.), who m. Eh'zabeth, daughter and heiress of 
Sir Richard Claxton, of Horden, and had : 

16. Robert Conyers, of Horden Manor, who m. Mar- 
garet Bamforth, of Seham, in County Durham, and had : 

17. Christopher Conyers, of Horden Manor, who m. 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Jackson, of Bedale, and had : 

18. Richard Conyers, of Horden Manor, who m. Isabel, 
daughter of Robert Lumley, of Ludworth, and had : 

19. Christopher Conyers, of Horden Manor, who m. 
secondly, 1586, Anne, daughter of Sir John Hedsworth, of 
Harraton, County Durham, and had by her: 

20. Mary Conyers, who m. William Wilkinson, of Lan- 
chester. County Durham, son of Lawrence Wilkinson, of 
Harpley House, County Durham, and had : 

21. ** Lawrence Wilkinson, of Lanchester, officer in 
arms, went to New England," see Sequestrations in County 
Durham, 1645-7.* He was a lieutenant in the army of King 

* Authorities consulted in deducing this pedigree : The Visitation of York- 
shire, Harleian Societies' Publications, vol. xvi. pp. 73, 90, 91, 92, 306, and 
307; the Visitations of Worcestershire, Harleian Soc. Pub., xxvii. p. 133; 
Flower's Visitation of Durham (Mary Conyers' descent); O'Hart's "Irish 
Pedigrees," pp. 318, etc., and 325, etc. ; Catton's "English Peerage," vol. i. 
pp. 120-122, vol. ii. pp. 25 and 86, and vol. ii. Appendix, "Extinct Peerages," 
p. 126; Foster's "Noble and Gentle Families of Royal Descent," p. 443; 
Burke's " Royal Families of England" (185 1), vol. ii. ped. xxvi. ; Browning's 
"Americans of Royal Descent," 4th ed., pp. 159, 854-5, 598-9, and "Bul- 
letin," p. xxvi. ; Burke's "Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies," 2d ed., p. 128 ; 
American Heraldic Journal, vol. i. p. 85 ; Somerby's " Family of Wilkinson ;" 
Wilkinson's "Memoirs of the Wilkinson Family;" Austin's "Genealogical 
Dictionary of Rhode Island," pp. 112, 424-5; Chad Brown Memorial, pp. 
14, 27; Savage's "Genealogical Dictionary of New England," vol. ii. p. 99 ; 
Arnold's "Vital Records of Rhode Island," vols, ii.-iii. p. 278 ; Births and Deaths 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 39 1 

Charles I., and was taken prisoner at the surrender of New- 
castle, October 22, 1644; his estates having been seques- 
tered and sold by the Long Parliament, he came with his 
wife and a son to the Providence Plantations, Rhode Island, 
in 1645, 2tnd settled there January 19, 1646. He was dep- 
uty to the Assembly of Rhode Island 1 667-1 673, and, dying 
August 9, 1692, had issue by his wife Susannah, d. about 
1692, daughter of Christopher Smith : 

22. Captain Samuel Wilkinson, of Providence, Rhode 
Island, eldest child, a Quaker, deputy to the Assembly, 
1693-1723, d. August 27, 1727, having issue by his wife 
Plain, daughter of Rev. William Wickenden, of Providence : 

23. Joseph Wilkinson, of Scituate, Rhode Island, b. Jan- 
uary 22, 1682-3, deputy to the Assembly, 1731, //. April 24, 
1740, having issue by his wife Martha, b. 1689, d. 1786, 
daughter of John and Sarah (Brown) Pray, of Smithfield, 
Rhode Island : 

24. Joseph Wilkinson, the younger, of Scituate, Rhode 
Island, eighth child, b. 1721, d, September 28, 1755. He m. 
December 6, 1741, Alice, daughter of Obadiah Jenckes, of 
Gloucester, Rhode Island, and had : 

25. Joseph Wilkinson, 3D, of Scituate, Rhode Island, b. 
March 11, 1750, d. July 5, 18 14. He served in the Con- 
tinental army, and had issue by his wife Elizabeth, b, July 
27, 1749, d. October 30, 1841, widow of Peleg Peckham 
and daughter of Jonathan Brownell, of Westport, Massa- 
chusetts : 

in Providence, p. 257, vols, ii.-iii. p. 51 ; Births and Deaths in Scituate, vols, 
ii.-iii. p. 41 ; Marriages in Gloucester, vols, ii.-iii., p. 65 ; Marriages in Provi- 
dence, vols, ii.-iii. p. 34 ; Marriages in Scituate ; Petition of Elizabeth Wilkin- 
son for Pension, dated July 24, 1838, 0. W. & N. Division, Revolutionary Bureau 
of Pensions, U.S.A. ; Records of Births and Marriages in Dartmouth, Mass. ; 
Will of Mary A. Lawton, Bk. Wills, No. 1 12, p. 252 ; Will of Anthony Lawton, 
Bk. Wills, No. 151, p. 35, Surrogate's office, Troy, N. Y. ; Omerod's *' History 
of Cheshire," vol. iii. p. 16; the Visitations of Cheshire, Harl. Soc. Pub., etc. 



392 THE M.\GSA CHARTA BARONS 

26. Almadis Wilkinson, of Scituate, Rhode Island, b. 
August 20, 1787, d. October 25, 1837. He m. Margaret, b. 
February 12, 1789, d. June 13, 1885, daughter of George 
Magee, of Foster, Rhode Island, and had : 

27. Mary Ann Wilkinson, b. February 14, 1812, d. Jan- 
uary 5, 1885, who m. August 31, 1846, Anthony Lawton, of 
Newport and Johnston, Rhode Island, and of Troy, New 
York, b. March 4, 1816, d. August 13, 1893, and had:* 

28. George Perkins Lawton, of Saratoga Springs, New 
York, b. August 1 9, 1 847, a member of the Society of Colo- 
nial Wars, one of the founders of the Order of Runnemede, 
who m. November 5, 1 885, Jeannie Monteath Wilson, daugh- 
ter of Daniel Lathrop, of Albany, New York, and had : 
Daniel Lathrop Lawton, b. December 28, 1886. 

Arms. — Ar., on a /esse between three cross-crosslets fiteket 
sa., a cinque-foil of the first, pierced of the 
second. 

Crest. — A demi-wolf salient regardant, ar., vulned in the 
back, gH., and licking the wound. 



George S* Marsh 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, Roger Bigod. 

I- 'ROdCt !BiflO&t ^^^ ^f ^^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Norfolk, lord high steward of England, d. 
1 2 20, m. first, before 1195, Lady Isabel de Warren, daugh- 
ter of Hameline Plantagenet, fifth Earl of Warren and Sur- 
rey, jure uxaris, who bore one of the three swords at the 
second coronation of Richard I., and was with that king in 
the army in Normandy, and d. 1202, and his wife Isabella, 
Countess of Surrey, widow of William de Blois, and only 
daughter and heiress of William, third Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, who zealously espoused the cause of King Stephen 
and had a chief command in his army, son of William, sec- 
ond Earl of Warren and Surrey, and his wife. Lady Isabel, 
daughter of Hugh the Great, Count of Vermandois, son of 
Henry I., King of France, and his wife, Anne of Russia. 
Roger Bigod had by his first wife. Lady Isabel : 
2* liUfib fii^0^t cl^l^st son, also one of the Sureties for 
the Magna Charta, second Earl of Norfolk, d. 1225. He 
m., as her first husband. Lady Maud (or Matilda) Marshall, 
a sister of William Marshall, one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, and daughter of William Marshall, created 
Earl of Pembroke, Protector of England during the minority 
of Henry III., and his first wife. Lady Isabel de Clare, 
daughter of Richard the Strongbow, second Earl of Pem- 
broke, lord justice of Ireland, by his wife. Princess Eva, 
daughter of Dermot MacMurcha, King of Leinster. 

a6 393 



394 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Hugh Bigod and Lady Maud had : 

3. Sir Ralph Bigod, third son (brother of Roger, the last 
Earl of Norfolk), who m. Lady Berta, daughter of the Baron 
Fumival, and had : 

4. Lady Isabel Bigod, widow of Gilbert de Lacy, lord of 
Meath, Ireland, who m. secondly, John Fitz-Piers Fltz-Geof 
frey, lord of Berkhampstead and Kirkling, sheriff of York- 
shire, 1 234, chief justice of Ireland, 30 Henry III., half-brother 
of Geoffrey de Mandeville, a Surety for the Magna Charta, 
and son of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, Baron de Mandeville, cre- 
ated, in 1 199, Earl of Essex, justiciary of England, d. 12 12, 
and his second wife. Lady Aveline, and had : 

5. John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 42 Henry IIL, 
and d. 1258, leaving issue by his wife, whose name has not 
been preserved : 

6. Lady Maud Fitz-John, widow of Gerard de Fumival, 
d. ante 1280, who m. secondly, William, sixth Baron de 
Beau champ, of Elmley Castle, Earl of Warwick, in right of 
his mother. Lady Isabel, daughter of William, fourth Baron 
Mauduit, of Hanslape, County Bucks, heritable chamberlain 
of the exchequer, d. 1256, and sister and heiress of William 
Mauduit, seventh Earl of Warwick. William de Beauchamp 
was a distinguished captain in Welsh and Scottish wars of 
Edward I., and d. 1 298. The mother of Lady Isabel Mauduit 
was Lady Alice, daughter of Waleran de Newburgh, fourth 
Earl of Warwick, d. 1 205 (by his second wife, Lady Alice de 
Harcourt), son of Roger, second Earl of Warwick, d. 1 1 53, by 
his wife, Lady Gundred de Warren, daughter of the aforesaid 
William, second Earl of Warren and Surrey, and his wife. 
Lady Isabel de Vermandois, widow of Robert, Earl of Mel- 
lent, and a descendant of Hugh Capet, King of France. 

William de Beauchamp and Lady Maud had : 

7. Lady Sarah de Beauchamp, sister of Guy, Earl of 
Warwick, who m. Richard, sixth Baron Talbot, of Gk>odrich 




% 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 395 

Castle, who served in the wars in Wales and in Gascony, 
and was constituted governor of Cardiff Castle, 25 Edward 
I. He was a member of the great council held at Lincoln, 
29 Edward L, which asserted the right of Edward to the 
realm of Scotland. His mother was Princess Gwenllian, 
daughter and heiress of Rhese ap Griffith, Prince of 
South Wales, d. 1 136. Richard, Baron de Talbot, d. 1306, 
and Lady Sarah had : 

8. Lady Gwenllian Talbot, sister of Sir Gilbert, seventh 
Baron Talbot, lord justice of South Wales, who m. Sir Payne 
de Turberville, custos of Glamorganshire, 134-, and had: 

9. Sarah de Turberville, fourth daughter, and coheiress 
of her brother, who m. William de Gamage, high sheriff of 
Gloucestershire, 1325, and had : 

10. Gilbert de Gamage, lord of Rogiad, who m. Lettice, 
daughter of Sir William Seymour, of Penhow, and had : 

1 1 . Sir William Gamage, lord of Rogiad and Coyty, who 
m. Mary, daughter of Thomas de Rodburg, Knight, and had : 

12. Sir Thomas Gamage, lord of Rogiad and Coyty, who 
m, Matilda, daughter of John Dennis, Knight, and had : 

13. Jane Gamage, who m. Roger Arnold, of Llanthony, 
Monmouthshire, Wales, son of Arnold ap Amholt Vychan 
and his wife Sybil, daughter of Madoc ap Einion ap Thomas 
(A^. E. His. Gen, Reg., October, 1879), ^"^ had: 

1 4. Thomas Arnold, of Llanthony, who m. Agnes, daugh- 
ter of Richard Warnstead, Knight, and had : 

15. Richard Arnold, of Street parish, Somersetshire, 
who m, Emmote, daughter of Pearce Young, of Damerham, 
Wilts, and had : 

16. Richard Arnold, of Bagbree, Dorsetshire, d. 1595, 
who had by his wife, name unknown : 

17. Thomas Arnold, of Melcomb-Horsey, Cheselbourne, 
Dorsetshire, who had by his first wife, Alice, daughter of 
John Gully, of Northover, Tolpuddle parish, Dorsetshire : 



396 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

1 8. William Arnold, b. June 24, 1587, who brought his 
family to New England, May i, 1635, ^^^ settled at Paw- 
tuxet, Rhode Island, in 1 638. He was one of the tWrteen 
original proprietors of Providence Plantations, and signed 
an agreement for a form of civil government, January 27, 
1640, was the delegate for Providence to the court of com- 
missioners, 1 661, and d. 1676, having issue by his wife 
Christian, b. 1583, daughter of Thomas Peake: 

19. Elizabeth Arnold, b. November 23, 1611, //• 1683, 
who m. William Carpenter, of Pawtuxet, b. Amesbury, 
Wiltshire, d. September 7, 1685, son of Richard and Chris- 
tiana Carpenter, was one of the signers to compact for good 
civil government in the Rhode Island Colony, July 27, 1640 ; 
commissioner, 1658-63; deputy, 1664-79; assistant, 1665— 
72 ; will proved October i, 1685, and had: 

20. Priscilla Carpenter, sixth child, named in her 
father's will; b. about 1648; d. after November 15, 1690. 
She m. May 31, 1670, her cousin, William Vincent (his first 
wife), b. at Amesbury, England, about 1644, ^« Providence, 
Rhode Island, will proved March 3, 1695-6, a son of Rev, 
John Vincent and Fridgswith Carpenter, sister of the afore- 
said William Carpenter,* and had : 

21. Nicholas Vincent, second son by first wife, d. at 
Westerly, Rhode Island, 1749. He m. before September 
6, 1724, Elizabeth , who d. 1791, and had: 

22. Joseph Vincent, b. Westerly, 1737; d. February 2, 
1823, in Vermont. He m. June 15, 1770, Anna Dunbar, 
of Stonington, Connecticut, and had : 

23. Temperance Vincent, b. Stonington, January 7, 1777, 
m. in May, 1805, Riverius Burt, b. Westmoreland, New 
Hampshire, October 13, 1779, d. in Kirby, Vermont, No- 
vember 19, 1 8 1 3, and had : 

24. Lucy Josephine Burt, b. Kirby, Vermont, September 

* See Austin's "Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island." 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 397 

25, 181 2, d, Natick, Massachusetts, May 23, 1887, who m., 
in 1830, George Damon, b. Kirby, December 13, 1807, d. 
Barnet, Vermont, October 20, 1862, grandson of Joseph 
Damon and great-grandson of David Damon, and grandson 
of Pardon Sheldon, all three Revolutionary War soldiers, 
and had : 

25. Caroline Rhobe Damon, b. Barnston, Province of 
Quebec, February 8, 1833,^. Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 
21, 1874,/;/. December 19, 1854, Charles A. J. Marsh, b. 
Craftsbury, Vermont, March 13, 1830, son of Charles Marsh 
(sixth in descent from John Marsh, first of the name in 
America, who came to Salem, Massachusetts, in ship Mary 
and Johi, 1633, d, 1674, and m. Susanna, daughter of Rev. 
Samuel Skelton, first pastor of the Puritans in America, 
who was, in 1629, appointed in London a member of the 
King s Council for the Massachusetts Bay Company) and 
his wife, Martha Wade, daughter of Amos Smith, Jr., of 
Greensboro, Vermont (son of Amos Smith, Sr., a Revo- 
lutionary War soldier), and his wife Sally, daughter of 
Benjamin St. Clair, of Meredith, Vermont, son of Thomas 
St. Clair, both Revolutionary War soldiers, son of Joseph, 
son of James St. Clair, a soldier in King Philip's war, son 
of John St. Clair, who came to New England in 1656. 
Charles A. J. and Caroline Rhobe Marsh had : 

26. George Samuel Marsh, of Chicago, b. Craftsbury, 
Vermont, October 13, 1855, a founder of the Order of Run- 
nemede. He m. at Evanston, Illinois, July 14, 1880, Emma, 
b. at Steubenville, Ohio, May 17, 1850, great-granddaughter 
of Benjamin Power, a Revolutionary soldier from Virginia, 
and daughter of Benjamin Power and Maria J. (Benson) 
Drennen, and had : Alice Damon, b. Minneapolis, April 25, 
1881 ; Charles Drennen, b. Milwaukee, October 13, 1883; 
Everett Thomas, b. St. Paul, April 5, 1885 ; Robert Bridg- 
man, b. St. Paul, December 25, 1886. 



o 

z 
< 



^ 
u 



C/5 

ft: 
< 

u 

O 

LU 
UJ 

ft: 
O 

5 

UJ 

a. 

LU 

H 



d s I I ^ 

<B a o a a 

a -8 -8 -S -S 

« r r r g 

^ js ja ja js 

f^ Ok o» o» Ok ti 

8 6 B § B i 

S X S S S 




« 



6 

> 



it 

•a 



6 

> 



> 



9 



9 



J 

•3 
X 
«» 



O tt 






tf S Oi 






S 



B B 



^ P< 



la € 



en 



S i » 



f-J-J 



ri 





Charles W* Darling 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John Fitz-Robert, 

Roger Bigod, John dc Lacie, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher dc Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Geoffrey de Say, 

Richard de Clare, Robert de Vere. 

1. (BCOtfrC^ be Sai^t ^"^ ^^ ^^^ Sureties for the ob- 
servance of the Magna Charta, d. 1230, had by his wife 
Alice, daughter of John de Cheyney : 

2. William de Say, eldest son, d. 1272, who was on the 
King's side in the battle of Lewes, and had : 

3. William de Say, eldest son, d. 1295, who served in 
the army with Edward I. in Gascony, and had : 

4. Geoffrey de Say, eldest son, cl. 1322, first Baron by 
writ, 1 313. He m. Idonea, daughter of William de Ley- 
burne, an admiral of the fleet, first Baron by writ, 1 299, d. 
1 309, and had : 

5. Sir Geoffrey de Say, second Baron, an admiral of the 
fleet, d. 1359. He m. Lady Maud, daughter of Guy de 
Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, a descendant of 'ROQCt 
fiidOb and liUfib fii^0^t ^^^ Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, and had : 

6. Lady Joan de Say, m. Sir William Fynes, and had : 

7. Sir William Fienes, sheriff* of Surrey and Sussex, 
1297, who had: 

399 



400 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

8. Sir Roger Fienes, treasurer to the household to Henry 
VI., who had : 

9. Sir Richard Fienes, Baron Dacre, jure uxaris, con- 
stable of the Tower of London and chamberlain to Edward 
IV., d. 1484. He m. Lady Joan, d. i486, daughter of 
Thomas, Baron de Dacre, and his wife. Lady Elizabeth 
Bowet. They were descended as follows from the Sureties 
for the Magna Charta : 

'RiCbat^ l)C ClatCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, had by his wife. Lady Amicia, 
daughter of William, Earl of Gloucester : 

(BilbCrt be ClatCt o^^ of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, who had by his wife. Lady 
Isabel, sister of William Marshall, a Surety for the Magna 
Charta: 

Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, who 
m. secondly. Lady Maud, daughter of 30bn bC XSCiCt o^^ 
of the Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Lincoln, by 
his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert de Quincey, 
d. V. p., second son of SSbCt bC (SlUittCC^t one of the Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Winchester, and had : 

Sir Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 
1 295, who had by his second wife, m. May 2, 1 290, Princess 
Joan Plantagenet, d. 1305, a daughter of Edward I., King 
OF England, by his wife, Eleanor of Castile : 

Lady Margaret de Clare, who m. secondly, Hugh d'Aud- 
ley. Earl of Gloucester, and had : 

Lady Margaret d'Audley, who m. Ralph de Stafford, 
K.G., one of the original Knights of the Garter, a com- 
mander at Cressy, first Earl of Stafford, and had : 

Hugh, second Earl of Stafford, K.G., a crusader, m. Lady 
Philippa, daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G., Earl of 
Warwick, one of the original Knights of the Garter, a com- 
mander at Cressy and Poictiers, and a crusader, son of Guy, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 401 

Earl of Warwick, the son of William, first Earl of Warwick, 
by his wife Maud, daughter of John Fitz-John, chief justice 
of Ireland, 1258, son of John Fitz-Geoffrey, chief justice of 
Ireland, 1246, and his wife Isabel, daughter of Sir Ralph, 

son of Huflb BifiO&t son of 1?0fler BiflO&t both Sureties 
for the Magna Charta and Earls of Norfolk. 

Hugh, second Earl of Stafford, and Lady Philippa had : 

Lady Margaret de Stafford, who m. Ralph de Nevill, K.G., 
Earl of Westmoreland and marshal of England,* and had : 

Lady Philippa de Nevill, who m. Thomas, Baron de Dacre, 
of Gillesland, d. 1457, and had: 

Thomas de Dacre, eldest son, who d. v. p. He m. Lady 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Bowet, d. 1423, and his 
wife. Lady Amy, daughter of Sir Robert d'Ufford, d. 1400, 
son of Sir Edmund d'Ufford, of Horsford, d. 1374, son of 
Sir Ralph d'Ufford, justiciary of Ireland, d. 1346, and his 
second wife. Lady Eve, daughter of John de Clavering, 
second Baron, d. 1332, eldest son of Robert Fitz-Roger de 
Clavering, first Baron, d. 131 1, eldest son of Roger Fitz- 
John, feudal Baron of Warkworth and Clavering, d. 1249, 
eldest son of Jobll yit3^1?0bcrtt one of the Sureties for 
the Magna Charta. 

Thomas de Dacre had by the Lady Elizabeth Bowet : 

Lady Joan de Dacre, heir-general to her grandfather. 
Her will was proved June 14, i486. She m. Sir Richard 
Fienes, aforesaid, and had : 

10. Sir John Fienes, eldest son, who d. v. p. He m. Lady 
Alice, daughter of Henry, Baron Fitz-Hugh, of Ravens- 
worth, and his wife. Lady Alice, daughter of Richard Nevill, 

* He was the son of John, third Baron de Nevill, of Raby, K.G., admiral 
of the fleet, d, 1385, the son of Ralph, second Baron, d, 1367, son of Ralph, 
first Baron, and his first wife. Lady Euphemia, daughter of Robert Fitz-Roger de 
Clavering, son of Roger Fitz-John, the son of Sobtt yttS^ltobCtty one of the 
Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



402 THE ^L\GNA CHARTA BARONS 

K.G., Earl of Salisbury,* by his wife, Lady Alice Monta- 
cute, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Salisbury, and his first 
wife. Lady Eleanor, daughter of Thomas de Holland, second 
Earl of Kent, and his wife. Lady Alice, daughter of Richard 
Fitz-Alan, K,G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, by his second 
wife. Lady Eleanor Plantagenetf He was the son of Ed- 
mund, K.B., eighth Earl of Arundel, who fell a victim to the 
ill will of Mortimer and the queen, and was executed at 
Hereford in 1326, and his wife Alice, daughter of William 
de Warren by his wife. Lady Joan de Vere, daughter of 
Robert, Earl of Oxford, lord great chamberlain, the son of 
Hugh, Earl of Oxford, lord great chamberlain (by his wife, 

Lady Hawyse, daughter of SSbCr t>C (SlUittCC^t ^^^ ^^ ^^ 
Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Winchester) the son 
of 'Robert be IDCrCt Ea^l of Oxford and lord great chamber- 
lain, one of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 
Sir John Fienes and Lady Alice Fitz-Hugh had: 
1 1. Thomas Fienes, K.B., who succeeded as Baron Dacre 
of the South. His wife was Lady Anne, daughter of Sir 
Humphrey Bourchier, who was k. v. p. at Barnetfield, eldest 
son of John Bourchier, K.G., the fourth son of William de 
Bourchier, Earl of Ewe, and his wife. Lady Anne Plantage- 
net, widow of both Thomas and Edmund, Earls of Stafford, 
a daughter of Thomas, Duke of Gloucester (youngest son 
of Edward III., King of England), by his wife, Lady Alia- 
nore, a daughter of Humphrey, the last Earl of Hereford 

* He was the eldest son of Ralph de Nevill, K.G., first Earl of Westmore- 
land, by his second wife, Lady Joan de Beaufort, daughter of John, Duke of 
Lancaster, son of Edward III., King of England. 

f She was the daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (son of Edmund, Elarl 
of Lancaster, son of Henry IIL, King of England, and his wife, Eleanor 
of Provence), by his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of Patrick de Chaworth and 
his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of William de Beauchamp, first Earl of War- 
wick, by his wife. Lady Maud Fitz-John, aforesaid, descended from Itttflb 
J9i0OD and 'RofiCt J9i0OD» both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 403 

and Essex and second Earl of Northampton (and his wife, 
Lady Joan Fitz-Alan*), the only son of Sir William de 
Bohun, K.G., Earl of Northampton, the fourth son of 
Humphrey, Earl of Hereford and Essex, constable of Eng- 
land, who was slain in the battle of Boroughbridge (and his 
wife. Princess Elizabeth, daughter of Edward I., King of 
England, and his wife, Eleanor of Castile), son of Hum- 
phrey, Earl of Hereford and Essex, and constable, the son 
of Humphrey de Bohun, d. v. /., son of Humphrey, Earl of 
Hereford and Essex, the son of Hcnri? &C fiObUttt o^e of 
the Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of Hereford. 
Thomas Fienes, K.B., Baron Dacre, and Lady Anne had : 

12. Lady Catherine Fienes, who m. Richard Loudenoys, 
or Londenoys, of Briade, Sussex, and had : 

13. Mary Loudenoys, who m. Thomas Harlakenden, of 
Worthorn, Kent, his will proved in 1564, and had: 

14. Roger Harlakenden, of Kenardiston and Wood- 
church, Kent, and Earl's Colne, Essex, third son, b. 1535, 
d, 1603. He m. first, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Hardres and widow of George Harlakenden, of Wood- 
church, and had : 

1 5. Richard Harlakenden, of Kenardiston, Earl's Colne, 
and Staple's Inn, b. 1565, d. 1631, who m. Mary, daughter 
of Edward Hubbart, of Stanstead-Montfichet, and had : 

16. Mabel Harlakenden, b. at Earl's Colne, September 
27, 1 614. In 1635 she came with her brother Roger to 
New England, and m. first, in 1636, as his second wife, John 
Haynes, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, b. Copford Hall, Es- 

* She was a daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel (by his 
second wife, Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, 
a grandson of Henry III., King of England, and his wife, Lady Maud de 
Chaworth, aforesaid, a descendant of 1tU0b J9l0Od and 'ROdCt J9i0Od, both 
Sureties for the Magna Charta), who was, as before stated, a descendant of 
Saber ^e QuinceiS and 'Rolyert be IPete, both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



404 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

sex, May i, 1594; arrived at Boston September 4, 1633; 
made freeman "at a General Court holden at Boston," 
May 1 4, 1 634 ; elected an assistant in 1 634 and 1 636, and 
governor of the Bay Colony in 1635 ; colonel of the Second 
Regiment Massachusetts Militia in 1636. In 1637 he re- 
moved to Hartford, and was elected the first governor of the 
Connecticut Colony in April, 1 639, and every second year 
afterwards until his death, March i, 1654. He had by his 
wife, Mabel Harlakenden : 

17. Rev. Joseph Haynes, of Hartford, b. 1641, who m. 
1668, Sarah, daughter of Richard Lord, of Hartford, and, 
dying in 1679, ^^ issue : 

18. Sarah Haynes, b, 1673, d. 1696, who m. May 30, 
1694, as his second wife. Rev. James Pierpont, of New 
Haven, one of the founders of Yale College, b. 1659, d. 
1 714, and had: 

19. Abigail Pierpont, only child, b. 1696, d. 1768, who 
m. November 6, 1716, Rev. Joseph Noyes, of New Haven, 
b. 1688, d, 1761, and had: 

20. Abigail Noyes, b. 1724, d. 1797, who nt. July 23, 
1745, Judge Thomas Darling, of New Haven, Connecticut, 
b, 1 719, d. 1789, and had: 

21. Samuel Darling, M.D., of New Haven, b. 1751, d. 
1842, who m. December 22, 1779, Clarinda, d. 1847, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Richard Ely, of Saybrook, Connecticut, b, 1759, 
and had : 

22. Rev. Charles Chauncey Darling, of New Haven, 
Connecticut, b. 1799, d. 1887, who nt. July 28, 1829, Adeline 
Eliza, b. 1798, d, 1882, daughter of William and Eliza (Davis) 
Dana, of Boston, Massachusetts, and had : 

23. Brigadier-General Charles William Darling, of 
Utica, New York, b. 1830, New Haven, Connecticut. He is 
a founder of the Order of Runnemede and a member of the 
Society Sons of the Revolution, by right of his descent from 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 405 

Major Robert Davis, of the Continental army, his maternal 
great-grandfather. When Mr. Morgan was elected gov- 
ernor of New York he appointed Mr. Darling a member 
of his staff, with the rank of colonel. During the draft 
riots in New York City in 1863, Colonel Darling performed 
the difficult and dangerous duties of a staff-officer on that 
memorable occasion with such distinction that he received 
the most cordial approbation of both the military and civil 
authorities. In 1864 Colonel Darling was appointed a vol- 
unteer aide-de-camp on the staff of Major-General Buder, 
and next year was assigned to duty in the paymaster-gen- 
eral's department, New York. In 1866 he was commis- 
sioned as commissary-general of subsistence, New York, 
and in 1867 ^^s appointed by Governor Fenton military 
engineer-in-chief of New York State, with the rank of briga- 
dier-general. He m, December 21, 1857, Angeline Eliza, 
daughter of Jacob A. Robertson, of New York City. No 
issue. 

Arms. — Ar., on a bend^ gu., three escollopes, or, bend- 
cot tesed^ verty two five-point mullets of the second. 

Crest. — An esquire's helmet, pp., surmounted by a lion's 
head, erased, or. 



A i i i i i . 

SS S I S I A I 
•« 4$ •« •« S •« n 

8-i-i-i-i-i-i-|-r|-ii 



O 
a: 

o 

O 
Q 

Z3 
O 
O 
O 

CO 

a: 

< 

X 

o 

O 

w 

O 
5 



> 

4 



6 I 



> :^ I ^ E 



£13 8 33313: 



or s p< 



i I* c^ *? «* 

►» ■« -S "^ -^ 



5^ 5 J A > 1^2 



s 



^ Qi Pi ^ »ti p< 



tit 

i S 8 






e ^ « 



— & ft -a 2 a -g ■ 



or r p< >3 



X 




|-|-^L|_|_|1; 

5 5 3 a ,s 




I 



Charles C* Pomeroy 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, John Fitz-Robcrt, 

Roger Bigod, John de Lacie, 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Geoffrey de Say, 

Richard de Clare, Robert de Vere. 

1. 30bn J1t3«»l?0bCrtt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, lord of Warkworth Castle and Manor, and Claver- 
ing Manor, d. 1 240, had by his wife, Ada de Baliol : 

2. Roger Fitz-John, feudal lord of Warkworth and Clav- 
ering, d. 1249, who had : 

3. Robert Fitz-Roger, lord of Warkworth and Claver- 
ing, first Baron by writ, 1295, d. 131 1, who had by his wife, 
Margaret de la Zouche : 

4. John de Clavering, lord of Horsford, in Norfolk, 
second Baron, d. 1332, who had by his wife, Hawyse de 
Tibetot : 

5. Lady Eve de Clavering, only daughter and heiress, 
who m. first, as his second wife. Sir Ralph d'Ufford, justiciary 
of Ireland, d. 1 346, brother of Robert, first Earl of Suffolk, 
K.G., and had : 

6. Sir Edmund d'Ufford, of Horsford, youngest son, d. 
1374, who m. Sybil, daughter of Sir Simon Pierpont, of 
Hensted, Suffolk, and had : 

7. Sir Robert d'Ufford, eldest son, d. 1400, who m. 

Helen, daughter of Sir Thomas Felton, and had : 

407 



408 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

8. Amy d'Ufford (her name appears sometimes as Joan), 
who m. Sir William Bowet, of Cumberland, d. 1423, and 
had : 

9. Elizabeth Bowet, m. Thomas de Dacre, d. v. p.^ 
eldest son of Thomas, Baron de Dacre, of Gillesland, d. 
1457, and his wife, Lady Philippa Nevill, who was de- 
scended as follows : 

1?iCbar& &C ClarCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, had by his wife. Lady Amicia, 
daughter of William, Earl of Gloucester : 

(Gilbert be ClarCt one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, Earl of Hertford, who had by his wife. Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke : 

Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, who 
m. secondly, Lady Maud, daughter of Joblt &C HACiCt 3. 
Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl of Lincoln, and had : 

Sir Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 
1295, who had, by his second wife, m. May 2, 1290, Princess 
Joan Plantagenet, d. 1305, a daughter of Edward I., King 
OF England, by his wife, Eleanor of Castile : 

Lady Margaret de Clare, widow of Piers de Gaveston, 
Earl of Cornwall, who m. secondly, Hugh d'Audley, first 
Earl of Gloucester, and had by him, who d. 1347-9 : 

Lady Margaret d' Audley, only child, who m. Ralph de Staf- 
ford, one of the original members of the Order of Knights 
of the Garter, seneschal and captain-general of Aquitaine, 
first Earl of Stafford, d. 1372, and had: 

Hugh de Stafford, K.G., second Earl of Stafford, d. 1386. 
He w. Lady Philippa, daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, 
third Earl of Warwick, one of the original members of the 
Order of Knights of the Garter, a commander at Cressy 
and Poictiers, and a crusader; d. 1369. His father was 
Guy, second Earl of Warwick, d. 131 5, the son of Wil- 
liam de Beauchamp, first Earl of Warwick, by his wife. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 409 

Lady Maud, widow of Gerard de Fumival, and daughter 
of John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of 
John Fitz-Piers Fitz-Geoffrey, chief justice of Ireland, 1246, 
and his wife. Lady Isabel, widow of Gilbert de Lacie, and 
daughter of Sir Ralph, third son of liUOb £idO&t son of 
1?0dCC 18iflO&, both Sureties for the Magna Charta and 
Earls of Norfolk. Sir Hugh, Earl of Stafford, and Lady 
Philippa had : 

Lady Margaret de Stafford, d. 1370, who m., as his first 
wife, Ralph de Nevill, K.G., created Earl of Westmore- 
land and marshal of England, who took a leading part in 
the political drama of his day, d. 1425, and had : Lady Phi- 
lippa de Nevill, aforesaid. 

Thomas de Dacre had by the Lady Elizabeth Bo wet : 

10. Lady Joan de Dacre, will proved June 14, i486. She 
m. ante 1457, Sir Richard Fienes, Baron Dacre of the South 
in right of his wife. He was constable of the Tower of 
London and lord chamberlain to the household of King Ed- 
ward IV., and d. 1484-5. He was the son of Sir Roger, 
treasurer of the household to Henry VI., the son of Sir Wil- 
liam, high sheriff of Surrey and Sussex, 1297, the son of Sir 
William Fynes, and his wife. Lady Joan, daughter of Sir 
Geoffrey, second Baron de Say, admiral of the king's fleet, 
^« ^359 (by ^^s wife, Lady Maud, a daughter of the above 
Guy, Earl of Warwick, a descendant of 1?0dCC SifiOb and 
nUdb BidO&t ^^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta), the 
eldest son of Geoffrey, d. 1322, son of William, a^. 1295, son 
of William, d. 1272, the son of (BCOffCC^ &C Sfll?, one of 
the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Sir Richard Fienes, Baron Dacre, and Lady Joan had : 

1 1 . Sir John Fienes, eldest son, who d. v. p. He (some 

peerage-books give his name as Thomas) m. Lady Alice, 

daughter of Henry, Baron Fitz-Hugh, of Ravensworth, d. 

1472, and his wife. Lady Alice, daughter of Richard Nevill, 

27 



4IO THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

K.G., Earl of Salisbury, by his wife, Lady Alice Montacute, 
daughter of Thomas, Earl of Salisbury, and his first wife. 
Lady Eleanor, daughter of Thomas de Holland, second Earl 
of Kent, marshal of England, and his wife. Lady Alice, 
daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and 
Surrey, d. 1375, the son of Edmund, K.B., eighth Earl of 
Arundel, executed in 1326, and his wife. Lady Alice, daugh- 
ter of William de Warren, d. 1286, by his wife. Lady Joan 
de Vere, daughter of Robert, Earl of Oxford, lord great 
chamberlain, d. 1 296, the son of Hugh, Earl of Oxford, lord 
great chamberlain, d. 1203 (by his wife, Lady Hawyse, 
daughter of SSbCC &C (StUittCC^t ^'^^ ^^ ^^e Sureties for 
the Magna Charta, Earl of Winchester), the son of l^obCtt 
&C IPCrCt Earl of Oxford and lord great chamberlain, one 
of the Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

Sir John Fienes and Lady Alice Fitz-Hugh had : 
12. Thomas Fienes, Baron Dacre of the South, made a 
Knight of the Bath by Henry VII., d. 1534. He m. Lady 
Anne, daughter of Sir Humphrey Bourchier, who was k, v. p. 
at Barnetfield, fighting under the royal banner, eldest son of 
John Bourchier, K.G., the fourth son of William, Earl of Eue, 
and his wife, Lady Anne Plantagenet, widow of both Thomas 
and Edmund, Earls of Stafford, and a daughter of Thomas, 
Duke of Gloucester, d, 1 397, youngest son of Edward III., 
King of England. 

The wife of the Earl of Eue was Lady Alianore de Bohun, 
a daughter of Humphrey, the last Earl of Hereford and 
Essex and second Earl of Northampton, d. 1372. He 
was the only son of Sir William de Bohun, K.G., Earl of 
Northampton, d. 1360, the fourth son of Humphrey de 
Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, constable of England, 
who was slain in the battle of Boroughbridge, March 16, 
1 32 1-2 (and his wife, m. November 14, 1302, Lady Eliza- 
beth Plantagenet, widow of John, Earl of Holland, and 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 41 1 

daughter of Edward I., King of England), the son of 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex and con- 
stable of England, d. 1297, the eldest son of Humphrey 
de Bohun, d. v. p., the son of Humphrey, Earl of Hereford 
and Essex and constable of England, the son of Mentis &C 
SObUttt or^e of ^^ Sureties for the Magna Charta, Earl of 
Hereford. 
Thomas Fienes, K.B., Baron Dacre, and Lady Anne had : 

13. Lady Catherine Fienes, second daughter, who m. 
Richard Louderioys, of Breame, in Sussex, and had : 

14. Mary Loudenoys, only child, m. Thomas Harlaken- 
den, of Warhorn, Kent, his will proved in 1564, and 
had : 

15. Roger Harlakenden, of Earl's Colne, Essex, Ken- 
ardiston and Woodchurch, Kent, third son, b. 1535, d. 
1603. He m. first, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Har- 
dres and widow of George Harlakenden, of Woodchurch, 
and had : 

16. Richard Harlakenden, of Earl's Colne, b. 1565, d. 
August 24, 1 63 1, who m. Mary (or Margaret), daughter of 
Edward Hubbart, of Stanstead-Montfichet, and had : 

1 7. Mabel Harlakenden, seventh daughter, b. at Earl's 
Colne, September 27, 161 4. In 1635 she came with her 
brother Roger to New England, and m. first, in 1636, as his 
second wife, John Haynes, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
b. 1594, d. 1653, who was elected an assistant in 1634 and 
1636, and governor of Massachusetts Colony in 1635 ; colo- 
nel of the Second Regiment Massachusetts Militia in 1636. 
In 1637 he removed to Hartford, Connecticut, and was 
elected the first governor of that colony in April, 1 639, and 
every second year afterwards until his death, March i, 
1653-4. He had by his wife, Mabel Harlakenden : 

18. Ruth Haynes, b. 1639, m. in 1655, Samuel Wyllys, b. 
February 19, 163 1-2, d. 1709, assistant governor of the Con- 



412 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

necticut Colony, son of George Wyllys, who came to Hart- 
ford in 1638, and became governor of the Connecticut Colony 
in 1 642, and had : 

19. Hezekiah Wyllys, b. April 3, 1672, a^. December 24, 
1 741. He held many municipal offices in Hartford, Con- 
necticut, and was secretary of the colony, 1712-34. He m. 
May 2, 1704, Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Jonathan and 
Elizabeth (Whiting) Hobart, of East Haddam, Connecticut, 
and had by her, who died in 1 762 : 

20. Colonel George Wyllys, of Hartford, b. 17 10, d. 
1796, who was for over sixty years secretary of Connecticut. 
He m. his cousin Mary, b. 1715, rf. 1774, daughter of Rev. 
Timothy Woodbridge, of Simsbury, d. August 28, 1742, son 
of Rev. Timothy Woodbridge, of Hartford, d. April 30, 
1732 (by his wife, her third husband, Mehitable, b. 1658, d. 
1697, daughter of the aforesaid Samuel Wyllys and his wife, 
Ruth Haynes), one of the founders of Yale College, son of 
Rev. John Woodbridge, of Newbury, Massachusetts, assist- 
ant of the Massachusetts Colony, d. 1694, and his wife 
Mercy, daughter of Thomas Dudley, governor of Massa- 
chusetts Colony. Colonel George Wyllys had by his wife, 
Mary Woodbridge : 

21. Mary Wyllys, b. 1742, who m. March 8, 1764, Elea- 
zer Pomeroy, of Middletown, Connecticut, d. 1738, son of 
Rev. Benjamin and Abigail Pomeroy, of Hartford, and had : 

22. Samuel Wyllys Pomeroy, b. 1764, d, 1841. He re- 
moved to Ohio and founded the city of Pomeroy, having m. 
1793, Clarissa, daughter of Richard and Mary (Wright) 
Alsop, of Middletown, Connecticut, and had : 

23. Samuel Wyllys Pomeroy, of Pomeroy, Ohio, who m. 
Catherine Boyer Coolidge, of Boston, Massachusetts, and 
had : 

24. Charles Coolidge Pomeroy, of New York City, one 
of the founders of the Order of Runnemede, who m. Edith, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 413 

daughter of Robert Wallace and Margaret (Groesbeck) 
Burnet, of Cincinnati, Ohio, who is also descended, through 
James Claypoole, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, d. 1687, 
from several of the Sureties for the Magna Charta and from 
blood royal. Issue: 

1. Margaret B. Pomeroy. 

2. Mary S. Pomeroy. 



Henry James Hancock 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, Roger Bigod, 

Richard de Clare. 

I- 1?0dCC Si^Odt ^ Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl 
of Norfolk, steward of England, d. 1220, had by his wife. 
Lady Isabel de Warren, daughter of Hameline Plantagenet, 
Earl of Surrey in right of his wife. Lady Isabel, daughter 
and heiress of William, third Earl of Warren and Surrey : 

2. HUdb !Bi^0^t ^ Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl of 
of Norfolk, d. 1225, who had by his wife. Lady Maud, a 
daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, Protector 
of England during the minority of Henry III., and sister of 
William Marshall, a Magna Charta Surety : 

3. Sir Ralph Bigod, third son, who m. Lady Berta de 
Furnival and had : 

4. Lady Isabel Bigod, who m. first, Gilbert de Lacy, d v. 
p., eldest son of Walter, sixth Baron de Lacy, lord of Trim 
Castle, in Ireland, d. 1241, and his wife. Lady Margaret, 
daughter of William, Baron de Braose, of Brecknock, and 

had: 

5. Lady Maud de Lacy, who m. Geoffrey de Genevill, 
lord of Trim Castle, first Baron Genevill by writ, 1 299, d. 
1 306-7, and had : 

6. Peter de Genevill, second son and second Baron, 

d. s. p. m. He m. Lady Joan, daughter of Hugh le Brune, 

Earl of Angouleme, and had : 
414 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 4^5 

7. Lady Joan de Genevill, who m. Sir Roger de Morti- 
mer, first Earl of March, executed for treason, and had : 

8. Lady Maud de Mortimer, who m^ John de Cherlton, 
second Baron, lord of Powys, chamberlain to Edward III., 
d. 1360,* and had : 

9. Lady Jane de Cherlton, who tn. John le Strange, sixth 
Baron, lord of Knockyn, d. i397.t He was a lineal de- 
scendant of Sir John le Strange, K.B., first Baron, d. 13 10, 
the eldest son of John le Strange, lord of Knockyn, d. 1276, 
and his wife, Lady Joan, daughter of Roger de Somerei, 
lord of Dudley, and his first wife. Lady Nicola, daughter of 
William d'Albini, second Earl of Arundel and Sussex, son of 
William, first Earl, and his wife Adeliza, queen dowager of 
England, the second wife and widow of Henry I. and daugh- 
ter of Godfrey, Duke of Lorraine, and his wife. Lady Ida of 
Namur, both descendants of the Emperor Charlemagne. 

Roger de Somerei, aforesaid, was the son of William Per- 
cival de Somerei, lord of Dudley, d. 1221, a great-grandson 
of Gervaise Paganel, lord of Dudley, the son of Robert, 
second Earl, son of Robert de Beaumont, first Earl of 
Leicester and Earl of Mellent, and his wife. Lady Isabel de 
Vermandois, daughter of Hugh Magnus, the son of Henry 
I., King of France. 

John, Baron le Strange, and Lady Jane had : 

10. Lady Elizabeth le Strange, who m. Gruffydd ap 
Madoc Vychan, of Rhuddalt, third Baron of Glyndyfrdwy4; 
the son of Madoc Vychan, son of Griffyth Vychan, son of 
Griflfyth ap Madoc, lord of Bromefield, Wales, and his wife 
Emme, daughter of Henry d'Alditheley, or Audley, d. 1 236, 
a powerful feudal Baron, who remained loyal to King John 

♦ See Jones* s ** Feudal Barons of Powys.** 
f See Lloyd*s •* History of Powys Fadog," iv. 118. 

J See Lloyd* s "History of Powys Fadog,'* iv. 118, and Burke* s "Royal 
Families/* Chart Pedigree, vol. ii. p. Ixi. 



41 6 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

in the baronial insurrection, and his wife, Lady Bertred, 
daughter of Ralph de Meisnilwarin, and had : 

11. Gruffydd Vychan, fourth Baron of Glyndyfrdwy, 
who tn. Lady Eleanor, daughter and coheiress of Thomas 
ap Llewellyn, of Trefgarned, lord of South Wales, and his 
wife, Eleanor vch. Philip ap Yevor, and his wife, Catherine 
vch. Llewellyn, or Leoline ap Gryffyth, prince of North 
Wales, and his wife, Lady Eleanor, daughter of Simon de 
Montfort, second Earl of Leicester, k. 1264, and his wife, 
Princess Eleanor Plantagenet, a daughter of King John of 
England, and his wife, Isabel of Angoulfime. 

Simon, second Earl of Leicester, was the son of Simon 
de Montfort, first Earl, and high steward of England, by his 
wife. Lady Amicia, daughter of Robert, third Earl, son of 
Robert, second Earl, son of Robert de Beaumont, Earl of 
Mellent and first Earl of Leicester, aforesaid. 

Simon, first Earl of Leicester, aforesaid, was a descendant 
of Robert the Pious, King of France, through his son, Al- 
maric de Montfort, father of Simon, father of Almaric, 
father of Simon de Montfort, created Earl of Leicester. 

Thomas ap Llewellyn was the son of Llewellyn ap Owen 
and his wife, Lady Eleanor, daughter of Henry, Count de 
Barre, by his wife. Princess Eleanor Plantagenet, a daughter 
of Edward I., King of England, and his first wife, Eleanor 
of Castile. 

Gruffydd Vychan and Lady Eleanor had : 

1 2. Tudor ap Gruffydd Vychan, lord of Gwyddelwem 
(a brother of the celebrated Owen Glendower), k. 3 mo. 15, 
1405. He m. Maud vch. leuf ap Howel ap Ada, and had : 

1 3. LowRY V. Tudor, heiress, who m. Gruffydd ap Einion, 
of Corsygedol, Merionethshire, and had : 

14. Ellissau ap Gruffydd, who nt. Margaret vch. Jen- 
kin ap levan and his wife, Leiki vch. Llewellyn ap Edney- 
fed, of Sonby, in Maelor. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 417 

1?iCbar& &C ClaCCt Earl of Hertford, one of the Sureties 
for the Magna Charta, d. 1 2 1 8, had by his wife, Lady Amicia, 
daughter of William, second Earl of Gloucester. 

Lady Joan de Clare (sister to Gilbert de Clare, one of 
the Sureties for the Magna Charta), who m. Rhys-gryd, 
lord of Yestradtywy, son of Rhys ap Gryfiyth, lord of 
Rhys, Prince and chief justice of South Wales, d. 1197, 
and had : 

Rhys-mechyllt, lord of Llandowery castle, d, 1242-3, who 
had by his wife, Ellen vch. Madoc ap Meredith : 

Rhys-vaughan, lord of Yestradtywy, m. Lady Gwladys, 
daughter of Griffith, lord of Cymcydmaen, and had : 

Margaret, who m, Griffith ap lorwerth, of Lluynon, a de- 
scendant of Tudor Trevor, and had : 

Margaret, who m. Llewellyn ap Yugr O'lal, lord of Gel- 
ligynon, and had : 

Meredith, who m. Efa, daughter of Kerric Sais ap Itel- 
Vychan, and had : 

Griffith Lloyd ap Meredith ap Llewellyn, who had : 

Llewellyn, who m. Margaret, daughter of Llewellyn ap 
David Vychan, and had : 

levan, who m, Mabli, daughter of Grono ap Tudor, and 
had: 

Jenkin, whose daughter Margaret m. Ellissau ap Gruffydd, 
aforesaid, and had : 

15. LowRY V. Ellissau, who m. Reinault ap Grufiydd ap 
Rhys, of Branas Uchaf Llan Drillo Plas Ynghrogen,* and 
had: 

16. Mary v. Reinault, who m. Robert Lloydd ap David 
Lloydd ap levan Vychan, of Gwern y Brychdwyn and Glan- 
llyn, and had : 

17. Thomas Lloyd, b. about 1515-20, d. May, 161 2, m. 

♦ Sec Dwynn*s "Visitations of Wales/* ii. 126. 



41 8 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Catherine vch. Robert ap Griflfyth and Margaret vch. Cad- 
walader ap Rhys Lloyd, of Cydros, and had : 

1 8. Mary Lloyd, who m. Richard, of Tyddyn Tyfod,* 
and had : 

19. Rhys ap Richard, who had : 

20. Griffith ap RHYS,f and had : 

21. Richard Price, of Llanfawr, Glanllvideogen, will 
dated January 26, 1685-6, proved in 1686, at St Asaph 
Registry, who had : 

22. Hannah Price, mentioned in the above will with her 
children, b. about 1656, d. 9 mo. 29, 1741,^. Rees John 
William, d. 11 mo. 26, 1697, and had: 

23. LowRY Jones, b. about 1680, d. w mo. 25, 1762, m. 
at Merion Monthly Meeting, Pennsylvania, 8 mo. 11, 1698, 
Robert Lloyd, of Philadelphia, b. about 1669, in Merioneth- 
shire, Wales, d. 3 mo. 29, 1714, and had: 

24. Hannah Lloyd, b. 9 mo. 21, 1699, ^- ^ '^o* ^5» ^763, 
m. secondly, 9 mo. 22, 1722, William Paschall, of Chester 
County, Pennsylvania, J b. i mo. 8, 1699, d. 8 mo. 1732 
(adm. issued in Chester County, 8 mo. 11, 1732), and had : 

25. Joanna Paschall, b. 1725, m. at Goshen Monthly 
Meeting, Pennsylvania, 4 mo. 5, 1746, Samuel James, of 
Chester County, Pennsylvania, b. 1720, d. 1754, who con- 
veyed land, 5 mo. 2, 1752, as heir-at-law of William Pas- 
chall, deceased, a grandson of Morgan James, of Narbeth, 
Wales, and had : 

26. Jesse James, b. 1750, d. 4 mo. 18, 181 6, iw. at Abing- 
ton Monthly Meeting, Pennsylvania, 1 1 mo. 17, 1779, Phoebe 
Townsend, b. i mo. 20, 1761, d. 9 mo. 25, 1832, fourth in 
descent from John Townsend, of Oyster Bay, Long Island, 

♦ See Glenn's ** Merion in the Welsh Tract/* p. 95. 
f See Glenn's " Merion in the Welsh Tract," Pennsylvania, and authorities 
there cited, pp. 79, 80. 

X See Glenn's ** Merion in the Welsh Tract," pp. 79, 81. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 419 

and from Captain John Seaman, of Long Island, and 
had: 

27. Jesse James, b. 6 mo. i, 1789, d. i mo. 23, 1880, m. 
10 mo. 16, 1822, Martha Walmsley, b. 11 mo. 24, 1799, d. 
2 mo. I, 1887, fifth in descent from Thomas Walmsley, who 
came to Pennsylvania in the ship Welcome, and third in de- 
scent from Evan ap Thomas, of Llanykeven, and had : 

28. Elizabeth James, b. 7 mo. 6, 1840, m. 5 mo. 7, 1862, 
George W. Hancock, of Philadelphia, b. 3 mo. 2, 1839, of 
royal descent, and a descendant of March weithian, lord of 
Issalet, through John ap Thomas, son of Thomas ap Hugh, 
of Wern Fawr,* and had : 

29. Henry James Hancock, of Philadelphia, a founder of 
the Order of Runnemede. He m. at Philadelphia, 6 mo. i, 
1892, Eliza Penn-Gaskell, daughter of Major Peter Penn- 
Gaskell Hall, United States army (retired), a descendant 
of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland (see Browning's 
"Americans of Royal Descent," third edition), and also of 
William Penn, proprietary of Pennsylvania, and Robert 
Barclay, proprietary governor of East New Jersey, and had : 

Jean Barclay Penn-Gaskell Hancock, b. 3 mo. 24, 1893. 

* Mr. Hancock is also seventh in descent from Nathaniel Allen, one of 
William Penn's commission of three to execute the Conditions and Conces- 
sions ; sixth in descent from Marmaduke Coate, secretary to William Penn ; 
seventh in descent from ^^Iliam Cooper, of New Jersey, land commissioner, 
member of the Assembly, justice of Gloucester County in 1682 ; sixth in de- 
scent from Edward Bradway, of New Jersey, justice, etc., signer of •* Conces. 
and Agree.,*' March, 1676; sixth in descent from John Pancoast, of New 
Jersey, signer of "Conces. and Agree.," March 3, 1676; seventh in descent 
from Christopher White, of New Jersey, signer of "Conces. and Agree.,** 
March 3, 1676, and member of council. May, 1684, etc. ; eighth in descent 
from Richard Burden, of Rhode Island, general treasurer, 1654, commissioner 
for Portsmouth, and assistant for Portsmouth. 






X 

O 

O 

w 
w 

O 

5 

w 
w 

X 
H 




41 > St St 
"S "S "S 

H-M- 



B II 

1 



o 






s! 



8 






it 



o 

^ ^ ^ 

P s (« (3 



■a 



I 



I 



a 
I 

J! 



m 



8 a 1= c * 



o 



^..1 



s 






^ 









1 



e 

or 



2 ^ 



"O t£ 



t 
•8 



•8 

•a 



4 Js n o i 



4S ^ 



Ui 



4 > 

•8 



4S 



I-I-I-1-I-: 



or s p< 



8. 



I 



s S 









S ff 8 



« \ 



i 

4 



•8 -8 






1 



2 

•8 



I 
I 



I 



*i 



> 



> 



8_|r-i_g_|_g_ 



1 



In 



> 



(S 



i 

CO 



J a 



J3 
.1 



m 



ti 



• 
"8 



8 



L|L|^ 



I 

•3 



I 






f 



i 1 I <S ir 
,i_i_a_j_iJ 

e5 1 3 i ^ 



John ]• Rikcr 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Hugh Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Roger Bigod, Saher de Quincey, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Ros, 

Richard de Clare, Robert de Vere, 

John Fitz-Robert, Eustace de Vesci. 
John de Lacie, 

1 . Saber t>C QxdnCC^f a Surety for the Magna Charta, 
Earl of Winchester, m. Lady Margaret, daughter of Robert, 
Earl of Leicester, lord high steward of England, and had : 

2. Robert de Quincey, eldest son, d. v. p. in the Holy 
Land, leaving issue by Lady Hawyse de Meschines, daugh- 
ter of Hugh, fifth earl palatine of Chester, d. 1181 : 

3. Lady Margaret de Quincey, only child, who m., as 
his second wife, JobU &C XSCiCt one of the Sureties for the 
Magna Charta, first Earl of Lincoln, d. 1 240, and had : 

4. Lady Maud de Lacie, who m., as his second wife, 
Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, d. 1262, 

son of Gilbert be Clare and grandson of *Kicbarb ^Z 

ClarCt both Sureties for the Magna Charta and Earls of 
Hertford, and had : 

5. Thomas de Clare, second son, constable of Glouces- 
ter Castle, 1266, was constituted governor of the city of 
London by Edward I. upon his accession, and d. 1287, in 
Ireland, having issue by his wife, Lady Amy, daughter of Sir 
Maurice Fitz-Maurice, of Mallahuffe Castle, Desmond : 

6. Thomas de Clare, third son, father of: 

7. Lady Maud de Clare, who m. Robert de Clifford, of 

421 



422 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Appleby, first Baron by writ, 1299, who was slain at the 
battle of Bannockburn, 13 13, and had: 

8. Roger de Clifford, second Baron of Appleby, lord 
of Westmoreland, d. 1 390, who m. Lady Maud, daughter of 
Thomas de Beauchamp, K.G., third Earl of Warwick,* the 
eldest son of Guy, second Earl of Warwick, d. 131 5, son of 
William, sixth Baron de Beauchamp, of Elmly, created Earl 
of Warwick, d. 1 298, and his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of 
John Fitz-John, chief justice of Ireland, 1258, son of John 
Fitz-Piers Fitz-Geoffrey, chief justice of Ireland, 1246, by his 
wife, Lady Isabel, daughter of Sir Ralph Bigod, third son of 

HUfib »iOO&t and grandson of l?O0Cr BiflObt bo* Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta. 

Roger, second Baron Clifford, and Lady Maud had : 

9. Lady Catherine de Clifford, who m. Ralph, fifth 
Baron de Greystock, d. 141 7, and had : 

10. Lady Maud de Greystock, who m. Eudo de Welles, 
d. V. /., eldest son of Sir John, fifth Baron de Welles, of 
Gainsby, d. 1421, and his wife, Lady Margery, daughter of 
John, fourth Baron de Mowbray, k. i368.t 

* His wife was Lady Catherine, daughter of Sir Roger de Mortimer, Earl of 
March, who was convicted of treason and executed. He was the son of Sir 
Edmund Mortimer, of Wigmore Castle, the son of Roger de Mortimer, captain- 
general of the king's forces in Wales, d, 1282, and his wife. Lady Maud, a 
daughter of William, sixth Baron de Braose, of Brecknock, by his wife. Lady 
Eva Marshall, sister of William Marshall, one of the Sureties for the Magna 
Charta, and daughter of William, Earl of Pembroke, and his first wife. Lady 
Isabel de Clare, daughter of Richard the Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, lord 
justice of Ireland, son of Gilbert, Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Lady Eliza- 
beth de Beaumont, daughter of Robert, Earl of Mellent and Leicester, d, 
1 1 18, by Lady Isabel, daughter of Hugh Magnus, Count de Vermandois, a son 
of Henry L, King of France. 

f His wife was Lady Elizabeth, daughter of John, third Baron de Segrave, 
^' I3S3' ^'^^ ^s ^i^^ Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, daughter of Thomas 
Plantagenet, Earl of Norfolk, d, 1338, son of Edward I., King of England, 
by his second wife. Princess Margaret, daughter of Philip III., King of 
France. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 423 

Milliam &C flDOWbrai^t ^ Surety for the Magna Charta, 
had by his wife, Lady Agnes, daughter of William d'AIbini, 
Earl of Arundel and Sussex : Roger de Mowbray, second 
son, d. 1266, m. Lady Maud, daughter of William de Beau- 
champ, of Bedford, and had : Roger de Mowbray, d. 1 298, 
m. Lady Rose de Clare, and had : John de Mowbray, who 
took part in the insurrection of Thomas of I^ncaster, was 
taken prisoner and executed at York in 1321 ; he m. Lady 
Aliva, daughter of William de Braose, of Gower, and had : 
John de Mowbray, third Baron, d. 1361,* who had : John de 
Mowbray, k. 1368, aforesaid. 

£U0tSCC &C tDC0Cit a Magna Charta Surety, had by his 
wife. Lady Margaret, a daughter of William the Lion, King 
of Scotland : William de Vesci, who had by his second wife, 
Lady Agnes, daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby : 
William de Vesci, second son, first Baron by writ, m. Lady 
Isabel, daughter of Adam de Periton, and widow of Robert 
de Welles, and had : Lady Isabel, m. William de Welles, of 
Alford, and had: Adam, first Baron by writ, 1299, whose 
second son. Sir Adam, third Baron, had : John, fourth Baron, 
d. 1 36 1, who had: John, fifth Baron, d. 1421, nt. Lady Mar- 
gery de Mowbray, and had : Eudo de Welles, who m. as 
aforesaid. Lady Maud de Greystock, and had : 

II. Lady Mary de Welles, who m. John Laurence, of 
Rixton Manor, Lancastershire, returned to Parliament for 
Lancaster County, October 16, 141 9, and had : 

♦ His wife was Lady Joan Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, third Earl of 
Lancaster, d. 1345 (and his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of Patrick de Cha- 
worth, and his wife. Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, daughter of William, first 
Earl of Warwick, and his wife, Lady Maud Fitz-John, aforesaid, a descendant 
of MUdb JSigod and "RodCV JSigod, Sureties for the Magna Charta), eldest son 
of Edmund, Earl of Leicester, Lancaster, and Chester, high steward of Eng- 
land, d, 1295 (a son of Henry III., King of England), and his second wife. 
Lady Blanche, widow of Henry I., King of Navarre, and daughter of Robert 
of Artois, a son of Louis VIII., King of France. 



424 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

12. Margaret Laurence, who m. Robert Laurence, son 
of Sir Robert Laurence, of Ashton Hall, Lancastershire, 
and had : 

13. William Lawrence, of Withington, and Sevenhamp- 
ton, in Gloucestershire, which he bought; will proved in 
1559. He m. before 15 18, Isabel, daughter of John Moli- 
neaux, of Sefton Manor and Chorly, in Lancashire, and had : 

14. Edmund Lawrence, of Withington parish, Glouces- 
tershire, fourth son; will proved January 10, 1559. He 
had by his wife Eleanor : 

15. John Lawrence, of St. Albans, in Hertfordshire. 
He was chief burgess in 1553, and mayor of St Albans 
in 1567 and 1575, and had: 

16. William Lawrence, of St Albans, who m. Novem- 
ber 25, 1559, Catherine Beamond, or Beaumont, and had: 

17. John Lawrence, 6apL at Abbey Church, St. Albans, 
January 12, 1 561-2, who had by his second wife, m. January 
25, 1586-7, Margaret Roberts : 

18. Thomas Lawrence, of St. Albans, second son, dap/. 
at St. Albans, February 2, 1588-9, d. March 20, 1624-5. 
He was an assistant of the borough of St Albans, 1622, 
and m. October 23, 1609, Joan, daughter of Walter and 
Joan Antrobus, of St. Albans, and had : 

19. Major Thomas Lawrence, 6a/>i. at St Albans, March 
8, 1619-20. He came to Long Island some time after the 
settlement there of his brothers John and William, and was 
a patentee of Middleboro, or Newtown, Long Island, and 
resided in New York City in 1645, ^^^ appears as "Cap- 
tain Tho. Lawrence" on the tax-list, 1678. He was very 
prominent in colonial affairs, and received the commission 
of major of horse in Queens County, New York, dated De- 
cember 24, 1689. His will was proved April 25, 1703. 
He had by his wife Mary, whose surname has not been 
preserved : 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 425 

20. Captain John Lawrence, of Newtown, Long Island, 
high sheriff of Queens County. He d. December 17, 1729, 
having issue by his wife Deborah, 1 659-1 742, daughter of 
Richard WoodhuU, who was b. at Thenford, in Northum- 
berland, September 13, 1620, and came to Long Island in 
1646-7, where he purchased, in 1665, over one hundred 
thousand acres of land, now the site of Brookhaven, and was 
a justice in 1666, and d. in 1690. 

Richard WoodhuU, aforesaid, was the son of Lawrence, of 
Thenford, the son of Fulke, of Thenford, Northumberland, • 
the son of Sir Nicholas WoodhuU, and his second wife, 
Lady Elizabeth, daughter of William, Baron Parr, of Horton, 
Northamptonshire, chamberlain to the queen, d. 1546 (uncle 
of Queen Catherine Parr, last wife of Henry VIII.), second 
son of Sir William Parr, K.G., constable of England, who had 
a principal command at Barnet Field, whose wife was Lady 
Elizabeth, daughter of Henry, fifth Baron Fitz-Hugh, d. 1472, 
by his wife. Lady Alice de Nevill, daughter of Richard, Earl 
of Salisbury, by his wife. Lady Alice Montacute. He was 
the eldest son of Ralph de Nevill, first Earl of Westmore- 
land, and his second wife, Lady Joan de Beaufort, widow of 
Robert de Ferrers, and a daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke 
of Lancaster, a son of Edward III., King of England. 

Sir Ralph, first Earl of Westmoreland, earl marshal of Eng- 
land, was the son of John, third Baron de Nevill, of Raby 
(and his wife, Lady Maud Percy*), the son of Ralph, sec- 
ond Baron, the son of Ralph, first Baron de Nevill, of Raby, 
by writ, and his first wife. Lady Euphemia, daughter of 
Robert Fitz-Roger, lord of Warkworth, Eure, and Claver- 

♦ She was the daughter of Henry, Baron Percy, of Alnwick, and his wife. 
Lady Ida, or Imania, daughter of Robert, Baron de Clifford, of Appleby, and 
his wife, Lady Maud, daughter of Thomas, son of Thomas, son of Richard, 
Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, son of Gilbert dC ClavC and grandson of 
'RiCbavd De (Ilave» both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

28 



426 THE MAGNA*§hARTA BARONS 

ing, son of Roger Fitz-John, lord of Clavering, son of Jobll 
fiti^lRObCVtf a Magna Charta Surety. 

^Robert be 1?O0t of Farfan and Hamlake, one of the 
Sureties for the Magna Charta, had by his wife, Lady Isabel, 
a daughter of William the Lion, King of Scotland : Rob- 
ert, Baron de Ros, of Werke Castle, Northumberland, who 
m. Lady Margaret, daughter of Peter de Brus, of Skelton, 
by his wife Helewise,* sister of William de Lancaster, and 
had : William Ros, of Kendal, whose grandson. Sir Thomas 
de Ros, of Kendal, was the grandfather of Lady Elizabeth 
de Ros, who m. Sir William Parr, d. 1405, and had: John, 
d. 1408, father of Sir Thomas, d. 1465, who was the father 
of the aforesaid Sir William Parr, K.G. 

Lady Alice de Montacute, aforesaid, was the daughter of 
Thomas, Earl of Salisbury, and his first wife. Lady Eleanor, 
daughter of Thomas de Holland, second Earl of Kent, mar- 
shal of England, d. 1397, and his wife. Lady Alice Fitz-Alan, 
daughter of Sir Richard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, K.G.,f 
the son of Sir Edmund, Earl of Arundel, K.B., beheaded 
in 1326, and his wife. Lady Alice, daughter of William de 
Warren, d. 1 286, and his wife, Lady Joan de Vere, daughter 
of Robert, fifth Earl of Oxford, lord chamberlain, son of 
Hugh, fourth Earl of Oxford (and his wife. Lady Hawyse, 
daughter of SabCF bC (SlUittCCl^t ^ Magna Charta Surety, 

* Lady Helewise was the daughter of Gilbert Fitz-Reinfred and his wife. 
Lady Helewise, daughter of William de Lancaster, steward to Henry 11. , the 
son of William, governor of Lancaster Castle, and his wife. Lady Gundred, 
widow of Roger, second Earl of Warwick, and daughter of William de Warren, 
second Earl of Surrey, d. 1135, and his wife. Lady Isabel de Vermandois, 
daughter of Hugh the Great, a son of Henry I., King of France. 

f His second wife, the mother of Lady Alice, was Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, 
daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, a grandson of Henry III., King op 
England, and his wife. Lady Maud, daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, by his 
wife. Lady Isabel, daughter of William de Beauchamp, first Earl of Warwick, 
and his wife. Lady Maud Fitz-John, aforesaid, a descendant of Mttfib JSi^OD 
and IROQCt 3BidO0» both Sureties for the Magna Charta. 




MEMBERS OF THE OMKR OF RUNNEMEDE 427 

Earl of Winchester), the son of IJobCtt t>C IDCFCt a Surety 
for the Magna Charta, third Earl of Oxford. 

Captain John Lawrence had by his wife Deborah : 

21. John Lawrence, of Newtown, Long Island,^. Sep- 
tember 9, 1695, d. May 7, 1765, who m. December 8, 1720, 
Patience, daughter of Joseph Sackett, and had : 

22. Joseph Lawrence, who m. Patience Moore, and had : 

23. Anna Lawrence, 6. November 27, 1749, who m. 
January 17, 1769, Samuel Riker, of Newtown, Long Island, 
6, April 8, 1743, d. May 19, 1823, and had: 

24. John Lawrence Riker, of Newtown, 6. April 9, 1787, 
d. May 11, 1861, who m. February 9, 1830, Lavinia Smith, 
6. October 21, 1796, cl. December 15, 1875, ^^^ 1^^^* 

25. John Lawrence Riker, of Newtown, Long Island, 6. 
November 23, 1830, who m. June 17, 1857, Mary A., 6. De- 
cember 16, 1835, daughter of John C. Jackson, 1 809-1 889, 
and his wife, m. November 18, 1834, Martha M., 181 1- 
1889, daughter of Andrew Riker, 1 771-181 7, son of the 
aforesaid Samuel Riker, of Newtown, 1 743-1823, and had: 

26. John Jackson Riker, of New York City, 6. April 6, 
1858, a founder of the Order of Runnemede, and a member 
of the Society of the Cincinnati and the Society of Colonial 
Wars. Mr. Riker enlisted in the Seventh Regiment, N. G. 
S. N. Y., May 26, 1878 ; was appointed first lieutenant and 
aide-de-camp on the staff of the First Brigade, August 7, 
1879 ; captain and aide-de-camp April i, 1880 ; major I. R. P., 
May 19, 1880; resigned February 18, 1881 ; appointed cap- 
tain and ordinance officer February 18, 1881 ; major and 
inspector, October 27, 1882 ; honorably discharged October 
25, 1883 ; elected major of Twelfth Infantry, N. G. S. N. Y., 
January 9, 1884 ; resigned January 14, 1889. Hem. April 20, 
1 88 1, Edith M., daughter of Samuel B. Bartow. No issue. 

Arms. — Az., a rose, ar., between three six-point mullets, or. 
Crest. — A rose, ar., between two proboscedes, ar. and az. 



Richard Henry Greene 



Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincey, 

Robert de Verc. 

1 . ^Robert be IPCrCt a Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl 
of Oxford, lord great chamberlain, had by his wife, Lady 
Isabel de Bolebec : 

2. Sir Hugh de Vere, Earl of Oxford, lord great cham- 
berlain, d. 1263, l^d by l^is wife. Lady Hawyse, daughter of 
Saber be (SlUincei^t ^ Magna Charta Surety, Earl of Win- 
chester : 

3. Lady Isabel de Vere, who m. John de Courtenay, lord 
of Oakhampton, Devonshire, and had : 

4. Sir Hugh de Courtenay, lord of Oakhampton, who 
m. Lady Alianore, sister of Hugh, Earl of Winchester, and 
daughter of Hugh, Baron le Despencer, justiciary of Eng- 
land, k. at Evesham, and had : 

5. Sir Hugh de Courtenay, Lord Oakhampton, 1299, 
created Earl of Devon in 1335, who m. Agnes, daughter of 
Sir John St. John and sister of Baron St John, of Basing, 
and had : 

6. Hugh de Courtenay, K.G., second Earl of Devon, 
second son, d. 1377, who m. 1325, Lady Margaret de Bohun, 
d. 1392, whose descent was : 

Henr^ be XObUttt one of the Sureties for the Magna 

Charta, Earl of Hereford, constable of England, d. 1220, m. 

428 




MEMBERS OF THE ORBER OF RUNNEMEDE 429 

Lady Maud, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, one of the 
Sureties for the Magna Charta, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, and 
constable of England, d. 1274-5. He m. first, Lady Maud, 
daughter of Raoul, Baron d'Eue, d. s. p. m.y and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, d. v. p. He m. Lady Eleanor, 
daughter of William, sixth Baron de Braose, of Brecknock, 
and Lady Eva, sister of William Marshall, one of the Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, and 
constable of England, d. 1298. He tn. Maud de Fienes 
and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, and 
constable of England, k. at Boroughbridge. He m. May 
20, 1302, Princess Elizabeth, b. 1282, d. 1316, widow of Sir 
John, Earl of Holland, and daughter of Edward I., King 
OF England, by his first wife, Eleanor of Castile, and 
had: 

Lady Margaret de Bohun, aforesaid, who m. Sir Hugh, 
Earl of Devon, and had : 

7. Edward Courtenay, of Godrington, Devon, second 
son, who d. v. p., having issue by his wife, Lady Emeline, 
daughter and heiress of Sir John d'Auney, of Modeford 
Terry, Somerset, and Cheviock, Cornwall : 

8. Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Haccomb, Devonshire, and 
Boconnock, Cornwall, second son, brother of Edward, third 
Earl of Devon ; he m., as his third wife, Maud, daughter of 
Sir John Beaumont, of Sherwell, Dorset, and had by her : 

9. Margaret Courtenay, who m. Sir Theobald Grenville, 
Knight, of Stowe, Cornwall, and had : 

10. Sir William Grenville, Knight, of Bideford, who m. 
Lady Philippa, daughter of Sir William Bonville, K.G., Lord 
Bonville, of Chuton, and had : 

1 1 . Thomas Grenville, of Stowe, Cornwall, high sheriff 



430 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

of Gloucestershire, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Theo- 
bald Gorges, Knight, of Devonshire, and had : 

12. Sir Thomas Grenville, Knight, of Stowe, Cornwall, 
who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Otis Gilbert, of Compton, 
Devon, high sheriff of Devonshire, 1474, d. 1494, and had : 

13. Sir Roger Grenville, of Stowe and Bideford, high 
sheriff of Cornwall, who m. Margaret, daughter of Richard 
Whideigh, of Efford, Devon, and had : 

14. Amy Grenville, d. 1579, who m. John Drake, of 
Ashe and Exmouth, Devon, high sheriff of Devonshire, 
1 561-2, d. 1558, and had: 

15. Robert Drake, of Wiscombe Park, Devon, who tn. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Humphrey Prideaux, of Thew- 
bo rough, Devon, d. 1550, and had : 

16. William Drake, of Wiscombe Park, who m. Philippa, 
daughter of Sir Robert Dennys, of Holcombe, Devon, who 
d, 1592, and had: 

17. John Drake, b. 1600, who came to New England in 
1630 and settled, in 1635, at Windsor, Connecticut, and, 
dying August 17, 1659, had issue by his wife, Elizabeth 
Rogers, who d. October 7, 1681 : 

18. Job Drake, d. Windsor, Connecticut, August 6, 1689, 
who had by his wife, Mary Wolcott, m. June 25, 1646 : 

19. Mary Drake, b. December 12, 1649, d. December 
2, 1728 ; m. March 3, 1686, Thomas Marshall (i 664-1 735), 
son of Captain Samuel Marshall, who was slain in the 
"Swamp Fight,'* December 19, 1675, and had: 

20. John Marshall, b. April 3, 1701, d. May, 1772, who 
had by his wife, Elizabeth Winslow : 

21. Ruth Marshall, b. April 6, 1737, d. November 27, 
1 81 6; m. February 13, 1754, Captain James Greene, of the 
Second Connecticut Light Horse, b. September 17, 1728, d. 
March 1 1 , 1 809, and had : 

22. Captain Richard Greene, of East Haddam, Con- 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 43 1 

necticut, b. March 10, 1765, d. February 8, 1848; m. May 
I, 1803, Sally Webb, b. July 9, 1779, d. June 5, 1858, and 
had: 

23. William Webb Greene, b. March 29, 1807, tn. August 
10, 1836, Sarah Ann, b. June 21, 181 3, fl^. March 8, 1883, 
daughter of Colonel William W. Todd, and had : 

24. Richard Henry Greene, of New York City, one of 
the founders of the Order of Runnemede, a member of the 
New York Historical Society, New York Genealogical and 
Biographical Society, Society of Mayflower Descendants, 
Society Sons of the Revolution, Society of the War of 181 2, 
and Society of Colonial Wars; graduated Yale College, 
1862, LL.B.; Columbia, 1865; served in the Civil War as 
captain of New York Volunteers, 1862-4; b. June 12, 1839 ; 
m. June 20, 1867, Mary Gertrude Munson, and had issue 
six children, of whom survive Marshall Winslow and Edna 
Munson. 



a 
o 
o 

CO 

o 

a. 

CO 

w 
O 
Q 

Q 

z 
< 

Q 

O 

ui 
ui 
a: 

O 

5 
w 
a. 

ui 

X 





Dandridge Spotswood 

¥ 

Descent from the Sureties for the observance of the 
Magna Charta : 

William d*Albini, William de Lan valid, 

Hugh Bigod, William de Mowbray, 

Roger Bigod, Saher de Quincey, 

Henry de Bohun, Robert de Ros, 

Gilbert de Clare, Robert de Vere, 

Richard de Clare, Eustace de Vesci. 
John de Lacie, 

1. *RiCbar^ t>C ClarCt a Magna Charta Surety, Earl of 
Hertford, had by his wife, Lady Amicia, daughter of Wil- 
liam, Earl of Gloucester : 

2. (Bilbcrt t>C Cl&rCt a Magna Charta Surety, Earl of 
Hertford and Gloucester, m. Lady Isabel, daughter of Wil- 
liam Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and sister of William 
Marshall, a Magna Charta Surety, and had : 

3. Lady Isabella de Clare, who m. Robert de Bruce, or 
Brus, fifth Earl of Annandale, 12 10-1295, and had : 

4. Robert de Bruce, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, 
1 245-1 304, who m. 1 271, Margaret, Countess of Carrick, 
d. before October, 1 292, widow of Adam de Kilconeath, d. 
1270, and daughter and heiress of Neil, second Earl of 
Carrick, a regent of Scotland, 1255, d. 1256, and his wife. 
Lady Margaret, daughter of Walter, steward of Scotland, 
and had : 

5. Lady Isabel de Bruce, sister of Robert I., King of 

433 



434 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Scodand, who m. first,* Sir Thomas Randolph, of Strath- 
with, chamberlain of Scotland, 1296, and had: 

6. Thomas Randolph, created, in 1314, Earl of Moray, 
regent of Scotland, who m. Lady Isabel, daughter of Sir 
John Stewart, of Bonkyl, 1 246-1305, second son of Alex- 
ander, steward of Scotland, and had : 

7. Lady Agnes Randolph, who, during the absence of 
her husband, defended Dunbar Castle for five months 
against the English in 1337-8. She was the sister and 
heiress of John, Earl of Moray, and m. Patrick Dunbar, 
ninth Earl of Dunbar and March, Earl of Moray in right of 
his wife, 1 285-1 369, son of Patrick, eighth Earl, d. 1309, 
son of Patrick, seventh Earl, d. 1289, by his wife. Lady 
Christiana Bruce,f and had : 

8. George Dunbar, tenth Earl of Dunbar and March, 
1 338-1420, who m. Christiana, daughter of Sir William de 
Seton, and had : 

9. Sir David Dunbar, of Cockburn, sixth son.J He was 
the first to come to the assistance of King James I. when 
he was attacked by assassins in 1437. He had by his wife, 
whose name has not been preserved : 

10. Mariota Dunbar, heiress, who m. Alexander Lind- 
say, second Earl of Crawford,§ k. January 13, 1445-6, and 
had : 



♦ Wood's " Douglas's Peerage of Scotiand," i. 65 ; ii. 249. 

f She was the daughter of Robert, Earl of Annandale, and Isabella de Clare, 
foresaid, and a descendant of 'Ricbavd De Clavc and (3iU>ett De CUvet Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta. 

X Wood's " Douglas's Peerage," ii. 170. 

g He was the son of Sir David Lindsay, of Glenesk, created, in 1389, Earl 
of Crawford, d. before 141 2, and his wife, Princess Catherine Stewart, daughter 
of Robert II., King of Scotland (and his first wife. Lady Elizabeth Mure), 
son of Walter, steward of Scotland, 1 293-1 326, and his second wife. Princess 
Marjory Bruce, daughter of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland (and his first 
wife. Lady Isabel Marr), son of Robert, sixth Earl of Annandale, aforesaid, a 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 435 

11. Sir Walter Lindsay, laird of Edzell, Kidblethmont, 
and Bewfort, third son,* who m. either Isabel, daughter of 
William, Lord Livingston, or Sophie, daughter of Livings- 
ton of Saltcoats, and had : 

12. Sir David Lindsay, of Edzell and Bewfort, d. 1527, 
who had by his first wife, Catherine Fotheringham, of 
Powrie : 

13. Walter Lindsay, of Edzell, eldest son, slain at Flod- 
den,f who had by his wife, a daughter of Erskine, of Dun : 

14. Alexander Lindsay (younger brother of Sir David 
Lindsay, eighth Earl of Crawford), who had by his wife, a 
daughter of Barclay, of Mathers : 

15. Rt. Rev. David Lindsay, D.D., of Leith, 1531-1613, 
chaplain to James I. of England, and Bishop of Ross in 
1 600, father of : 

16. Rachel Lindsay (her mother's name has not been 
preserved), who m. the Most Rev. John Spottiswoode, laird 
of that ilk, b. 1565, d. London, December 2, 1639, buried, by 
the king's command, in Westminster Abbey. He was arch- 
bishop of St. Andrew's, 161 5, chancellor of Scodand, 1635, 
and crowned Charles I. of England. He was the son of 
Rev. John Spottiswoode, D.D., the son of William Spottis- 
woode, of that ilk, k. at Flodden. Archbishop Spottiswoode 
sold the barony of Spottiswoode in 1620. J His second son 
by Rachel Lindsay : 

17. Sir Robert Spottiswoode, of New Abbey, b. 1596, 
was a member of the privy council to James VI. of Scot- 



descendant of 'Ricbavd De Clave and Gilbert De (Ilave» Sureties for the Magna 
Charta. 

♦ Wood's "Douglas's Peerage," i. 164 and 376. 

f See Lindsay's " lives of the Lindsays" and "The Lindsays of America." 
X See Douglas's " Baronage of Scotland ;" Playfair's •* British Family An- 
tiquity," viii. 305 ; Campbell's **Spottswood Genealogy;" "The Spottiswoode 
Miscellany," published by the Spottiswoode Society, 1844. 



436 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

land, and was appointed in 1634, by Charles I., lord presi- 
dent of the College of Justice and secretary for Scotland. 
He was knighted in 1624, and was put to death by the Cov- 
enanters, at St. Andrew's, January 20, 1646. In 1629 he 
m. Bethia, daughter of Sir Alexander Morrison, of Preston- 
grange, a senator of the College of Justice, and his wife, 
Eleanor Maule, who was a descendant of Robert Bruce, 
King of Scotland, through Lord Panmure and the Lind- 
says, Lords Crawford, and had : 

18. Robert Spottswood, M.D., third son.* He was ap- 
pointed physician to the governor and garrison of Tangiers, 
and d. there in 1680. In 1673 ^^ published a work on 
"Plants within the Fortifications of Tangiers." He m. 
Catherine Elliot, widow, and had an only child : 

19. Major-General Alexander Spottswood, of "Porto 
Bello," James City County, Virginia, 6. at Tangiers, 1676, d. 
June 7, 1 740. He was an aide-de-camp to the Duke of Marl- 
borough, and subsequently lieutenant-governor and com- 
mander-in-chief of the Virginia Colony, 17 10-1723, and 
deputy postmaster-general for the American Colonies, 1739. 
He m. in 1724, Anne Buder Bryan, who m. secondly, Rev. 
John Thompson, of Culpeper County, Virginia. 

Mrs. Anne Spottswood was the daughter of Edward 
Bryan, of Westminster, London, second son of Bryan Fitz- 
Patrick, fifth lord of Upper Ossory, and his wife. Lady Mar- 
garet Butler, sister of Thomas Buder, Lord Thurles, father 
of James Buder, created Duke of Ormond,f and daughter 
of Sir Walter Buder, of Kilcash, who succeeded as eleventh 
Earl of Ormond, cl. 1632, and his wife. Lady Helena, d. 
1 63 1, daughter of Edmund Buder, Viscount Montgarret. 

HcnriJ t)C KObUttt a Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl 



* See Sir Robert Douglas's ** Baronage of Scotland,*' 1798. 
f See Lodge's "Peerage of Ireland," 1789. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 437 

of Hereford, constable of England, m. Lady Maud, daugh- 
ter of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers de Mandeville, first Earl of Essex, 
justiciary of England, and sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 
a Surety for the Magna Charta, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, d. 
1274-5, who had by his first wife. Lady Maud d'Eue : 

Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son, cl. v. /.* He com- 
manded the infantry at the battle of Evesham, was taken 
prisoner, and died in Beeston Castle. He m. Lady Eleanor, 
daughter of William, Baron de Braose, of Brecknock, and 
Lady Eva Marshall, sister of William Marshall, a Surety for 
the Magna Charta, and had : 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex and 
constable of England, d. 1 298, who m. Maud de Fienes and 
had: 

Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, con- 
stable of England, k. at Boroughbridge. He m. November 
14, 1302, Princess Elizabeth, widow of Sir John, Earl of 
Holland, and daughter of Edward L, King of England, by 
his first wife, Eleanor of Castile, and had : 

Lady Alianore de Bohun, who m. James Buder, second 
Earl of Carrick and first Earl of Ormond, the son of Sir 
Edmund, Earl of Carrick (and his wife. Lady Joan, daughter 
of John Fitz-Gerald, first Earl of Kildare, crowned *' King 
of Ireland"), son of Theobald, the fourth Lord Butler, of 
Ireland, d. 1285, by his wife. Lady Joan, daughter of John 
Fitz-Piers Fitz-Geoffrey, sheriff of Yorkshire, 1234, lord 
justice of Ireland, 1246, by his wife. Lady Isabel, widow of 
Gilbert de Lacie, and daughter of Sir Ralph, third son of 
HUdb £idOt)t ^ Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl of Nor- 



* See American Historical Review, April and July, 1896, "Bohun Wills" 
and authorities there cited, by Melville M. Bigelow, and Doyle's "Official Bar- 
onage.** 



438 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

folk (by his wife, Lady Maud Marshall, sister of William 
Marshall, Jr., a Surety for the Magna Charta), son of 
"ROdCC £i0O^t a Surety for the Magna Charta, Earl of 
Norfolk and steward of England. 

James Butler, Earl of Carrick, and Lady Alianore had : 

James Butler, second Earl of Ormond, justiciary of Ire- 
land, m. Lady Elizabeth d' Arcy (see below), and had : 

James Butler, Earl of Ormond and Gowran, m. Lady 
Anne de Welles (see below), and had : 

Sir Richard Butler, of Polestown, Kilkenny, m. Catherine, 
daughter of Gildas O'Riley, lord of Cavan, and had : 

Sir Pierce Butler, who succeeded, in 1516, as eighth Earl 
of Ormond, lord high treasurer of Ireland in 1524, created, 
in 1527, Earl of Ossory, m. in 1485, Lady Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Gerard Fitz-Gerald, eighth Earl of Kildare, and had : 

James Butler, Earl of Ormond and Viscount Thurles, 
lord high treasurer of Ireland and admiral of the kingdom, 
m. Lady Joan, daughter of James Fitz-Gerald, eleventh Earl 
of Desmond, and had : 

The Hon. John Butler, of Kilcash, cl. 1570, who m. Cath- 
erine, daughter of Cormac MacCarthy-reagh, and had : 

Sir Walter Buder, Earl of Ormond, aforesaid. 

Milliam t)C Xanvalleit a Suret>' for the Magna Charta, 
had by his wife, a daughter of Alan Basset, of Wycombe : 

Lady Hawyse de Lanvallei, who m. Sir John de Burgh, 
eldest son of Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, justiciary of 
England, guardian of King Henry III., and had : 

John de Burgh, only son and heir. Baron of Lanvallei. 
He fl?. 1279, having issue by his wife, probably Cicily, daugh- 
ter of Hugh de Baliol : 

Margaret de Burgh, who m. Richard de Burgh, second 
Earl of Ulster, justiciary of Ireland, 1296, and had : 

Lady Joan de Burgh, widow of Thomas, second Earl of 
Kildare, who m. July 3, 1329 (his second wife). Sir John, 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 439 

first Baron d'Arcy by writ, sheriff of Yorkshire, Derby, etc., 
constable of the Tower of London, steward of England, 
justiciary and governor of Ireland, d. 1347, and had : Lady 
Elizabeth d'Arcy, aforesaid. 

£U0t9CC t)C lDC0Cit a Surety for the Magna Charta, had 
by his wife. Lady Margaret, a natural daughter of William 
the Lion, King of Scotland : 

William de Vesci, d. 1253, m, secondly. Lady Agnes, 
daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, and had : 

William de Vesci, first Baron by writ, d. 1297, m. Isabel, 
daughter of Adam de Periton, and had : 

Lady Isabel de Vesci, who m. William de Welles, lord of 
Alford, 1274, and had: 

Sir Adam de Welles, first Baron by writ, d. 131 1, m. 
Lady Joan, daughter of John, Baron d'Engaine, of Gainsby, 
and had : 

Sir Adam de Welles, third Baron, second son, d. 1345, 
m. Lady Margaret, daughter of John, Baron Bardolf, and 
had: 

John de Welles, fourth Baron, d. 1361, w. Lady Maud de 
Roos, or Ros (see below), and had : 

John de Welles, fifth Baron, d. 142 1-2, m. Lady Margaret 
de Mowbray (see below), and had : Lady Anne de Welles, 
aforesaid. 

"Robert t)C l?O0t ^ Magna Charta Surety, had by his wife. 
Lady Isabel, a natural daughter of William the Lion, King 
of Scotland : 

William de Ros, of Hamlake, d. 1258, m. Lucia, daughter 
of Reginald Fitz-Piers, of Blewleveny, Wales, and had : 

Robert de Ros, of Hamlake, d. 1285, m. Lady Isabel, 
daughter of William, eldest son of TKAiUiam ^'HIMttit a 
Magna Charta Surety, and had : 

William de Ros, of Hamlake, d. 1316, ;«. Lady Maud, 
daughter of John de Vaux, of Feston, and had : 



440 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

William de Ros, of Hamlake, d. 1342, m. Margaret de 
Badlesmere, and had : Lady Maud de Ros, aforesaid. 

Lady Margaret Badlesmere, aforesaid, was the daughter 
of Bartholomew, Baron Badlesmere, of Leeds Casde, and 
his wife Margaret, daughter of Thomas, son of Thomas, 
son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester (and his wife 
Maud, daughter of Jobtt t)C XSCiCt a Magna Charta Surety, 
by Margaret, daughter of Robert, son of SabCC t)C iSlUitt^ 
CC^^ Earl of Winchester, a Magna Charta Surety), the son 

of (Bilbcrt t)C CterCt son of l?icbart) t)C (ttterCt ^^^ Sure- 
ties for the Magna Charta and Earls of Hertford. 

Milliam t)C flDOWbra^?, a Magna Charta Surety, had 
by his wife, Lady Agnes, daughter of William d* Albini, Earl 
of Arundel and Sussex : 

Roger de Mowbray, d. 1266, m. Lady Maud, daughter of 
William de Beauchamp, of Bedford, and had : 

Roger de Mowbray, first Baron by writ, d. 1298, m. Rose 
de Clare, a granddaughter of Richard de Clare, and had : 

John de Mowbray, second Baron, executed in 1321, w. 
Lady Aliva, daughter of William de Braose, of Gk)wer, and 
had: 

John de Mowbray, third Baron, d. 1361, /«. Lady Joan 
Plantagenet,* and had : 

John de Mowbray, fourth Baron, d. 1368, m. Lady Eliza- 
beth, daughter of John de Segrave and Margaret, Duchess 
of Norfolk, a granddaughter of Edward I., King of Eng- 
land, and had : Lady Margaret de Mowbray, aforesaid. 

General Alexander Spottswood and Anne Bryan had : 

20. John Spotswood, eldest son, d. 1759. He m. in 
1745, Mary, daughter of Captain William Dandridge, R.N., 

* She was the sister of Henry of Gresmont, Duke of Lancaster, and daugh- 
ter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (son of Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, a son of 
Henry HL, King of England), by his wife, Lady Maud de Chaworth, a de- 
scendant of 'Roget JSigod and Mttflb JSigOd, Sureties for the Magna Charta. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 44 1 

of " Elsen Green," King William County, Virginia, and his 
wife Unity, daughter of Colonel John West, governor of 
Virginia, 1635,* whose descent was as follows : 

TKDiiUiam t)C fllOWbra^t ^ Surety for the Magna Charta, 
had : Roger, d. 1 266, who had : Roger, first Baron by writ, 
d. 1298, who had: John, second Baron, executed in 1321, 
who had : John, third Baron, d 1361, who had : John, fourth 
Baron, d. 1368, who had: 

Lady Eleanor de Mowbray, who m. Sir Roger, Baron de 
la Warr, will dated April 28, i368,t and had : 

Lady Joan de la Warr, who m. Sir Thomas, third Baron 
de West, and had : 

Reginald de West, second son, b. ante 1396, fifth Baron, 
and Lord de la Warr, d. i45i,t m. Margaret, daughter of 
Robert Thorley, and had by her : 

Sir Richard de West, Lord de la Warr, b. 1432, d. 1475-6, 
m. Catherine, daughter of Robert Hungerford, and had : 

Sir Thomas de West, K.B., K.G., Lord de la Warr, d. 
1524, will dated October 8, i524,§ m. secondly, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Roger Coply, of Gatton, and had : 

Sir George West, m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Anthony 
Moreton, of Lechdale, and had : 

Sir William West, created, in 1568, Lord de la Warr, m. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Strange, of Chesterton, and 
had: Governor John West, of Virginia, || aforesaid. 

John Spots wood and Mary Dandridge had : 

21. General Alexander Spotswood, of Orange County, 
Virginia, eldest son, who m, Elizabeth, daughter of General 



* See Brown's "Genesis of the United States," p. 1045. 
f See Nicolas' s "Testamenta Vetusta," pp. 75 and 605. 
X See Doyle's ** Official Baronage." 
2 See Nicolas' s <<Testamenta Vetusta," pp. 75 and 605. 
II See Neill's "Virginia Carolorum," p. 15. 

29 



442 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

William Augustine Washington, half-brother of President 
Washington,* and had : 

22. Captain John Spotswood, of Virginia, who m. Sally 
Rowzee, of Essex County, Virginia,f and had : 

23. Dandridge Spottswood, of Virginia, who m. Cath- 
erine Brooke, daughter of Peter Francisco and his wife 
Catherine, daughter of Robert Brooke, and had : 

24. William Francisco Spotswood, of Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, m. Isabella Matoaca, daughter of James Dunlop, of 
"Mont View," Petersburg, and his wife Isabella Lenox, 
daughter of Robert Maidand, of New York City, and his 
wife, Susannah Harrison. (See below.) 

James Dunlop was the son of John Dunlop, of London, 
England (and his wife, Mary Ruffin Gilliam, of Virginia), 
son of James and Marian (Buchanan) Dunlop, son of Colin 
and Martha (Bogle) Dunlop. Colin Dunlop, 6. January 7, 
1 706, was the thirteenth child of James Dunlop, second laird 
of Garnkirke, who bore for arms : Ar.^ an eagle displayed, 
with two heads, gu. , a mullet for difference. Crest, a rose, 
ppr. Motto, E spinis. These were, with the exception of 
the mullet, the arms of Dunlop of Dunlop, whose crest was 
a dexter hand holding a dagger, Ppr,, and motto, Merito, 

The original name of the Dunlop family was de Morville, 
from the barony of Morville, in Normandy. When Prince 
David, lord of Cumberland, succeeded, in 1 100, his brother 
as King of Scotland, Hugh, Baron de Morville, went with 
him and was created feudal lord of Cuningham and con- 
stable of Scodand, and conferred on his younger brother 
the lands and barony of Dunlop, in Cuningham, and the 
office of huntsman, from whence Dunlop was called Hunt- 
hall. Another younger branch of de Morville remained in 



♦ See Welles' s •* Washington Family'* and Brock's "Spotswood PSipers." 
f See Hayden's << Virginia Genealogies," p. 498. 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 443 

Cumberland, and of this was Hugh de Morville, one of the 
four lords in waiting to Henry II. He had only one daugh- 
ter, who, by marriage, carried his baronies into her husband's 
family. The elder branch of Cuningham also became ex- 
tinct in the male line after three generations. Hugh was 
succeeded by his son Richard, who was succeeded by his 
son William, whose daughter and heiress married Alan, lord 
of Galloway, and through her daughter the lordship of Cun- 
ingham came to the royal family of Baliol, and after to the 
royal family of Stuart, and is now part of the principality of 
Scotland. 

The only male line of de Morville now remaining is in the 
line of William de Dunlop, lord of Dunlop in 1260. His 
son Robert had : Nigel, who had : John, who had : James 
de Dunlop, who forfeited the barony of Dunlop for adhering 
to the royal family of Baliol, and it was granted to the Earls 
of Douglas, but was afterwards restored to the family of 
Dunlop. In 1407 John de Dunlop succeeded in the barony, 
and in 1424 his son Alexander succeeded, who in 1471 was 
succeeded by his son Constantine, and in 1476 was suc- 
ceeded by his son Constantine de Dunlop, of Dunlop, who 
was succeeded in 1489 by his son Constantine (whose 
daughter Jane married James Stuart, lord of Bute, grand- 
son of King Robert II. and ancestor to the Earls of Bute), 
whose son, John de Dunlop, succeeded in 1 507. He m. Lady 
Marion, daughter of the Earl of Douglas, in 1492, and was 
succeeded by his son Alexander, who m. Lady Helen Cun- 
ingham, daughter of the Earl of Glencairn. In 1549 his 
son James succeeded. He m, Isabel Hamilton, of Orbus- 
ton, and had James and Alan. Alan was a rich merchant 
and the provost of Irvine, Ayrshire, whose daughter Bessie 
married, first, John Maxwell, a merchant of Glasgow, who 
bequeathed her all his property, with which the lands and 
barony of Garnkirke were bought from the archbishop of 



444 THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Glasgow on her marriage to her cousin, John Dunlop, her 
second husband, by whom she had an only son, James Dun- 
lop, laird of Garnkirke, who w., during his father s lifetime, 
Elizabeth, daughter of James Roberton, of Bedlay. He 
was trained to the law, and is alluded to as a writer in Glas- 
gow in some of the old papers. Of this marriage there 
were six sons and three daughters. James Dunlop, afore- 
said, was his eldest son and the second laird of Garnkirke, 
succeeded in 1697. He was also a lawyer, and m. in 1689, 
Lilias Campbell, only daughter of Robert Campbell, of 
Northwoodside. They had sixteen children. 

Susannah Harrison, aforesaid, wife of Robert Maitland, 
was the daughter of Nathaniel Harrison, member and 
speaker of the Virginia State Senate, sheriff of Prince 
George County in 1779, and his first wife, Anne, daughter 
of William Gilliam. He was a brother of Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Charles Harrison and Benjamin Harrison, governor of 
Virginia and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
father of President William Henry Harrison, who was the 
grandfather of President Benjamin Harrison. Nathaniel 
Harrison, aforesaid, was the son of Benjamin Harrison, of 
** Berkeley," member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, 
d. 1744,* and his wife Anne, daughter of Colonel Robert 
Carter, called " King Carter," of " Carotoman," Lancaster 
County, Virginia,f 1 663-1 732 (and his first wife, Judith, 
daughter of John Armistead), president of His Majesty's 
council in Virginia, whose descent was as follows : 

"Robert t)C IDcrCt ^ Magna Charta Surety, Earl of Ox- 
ford, d. 1 22 1, had by his wife, Lady Isabel, daughter of 
Hugh de Bolebec : 

Hugh de Vere, Earl of Oxford and chamberlain of Eng- 



* Sec Keith*s "Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison/' p. 52. 
flbid. 




MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 445 

land, m. Lady Hawyse, daughter of SabCC t)C (SlUtttCCI^t ^ 
Magna Charta Surety, Earl of Winchester, and had : 

Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford and chamberlain of Eng- 
land, m. Lady Alice, daughter of Gilbert de Saundford, and 
had: 

Lady Joan de Vere, who m. William de Warren, eldest 
son of John, Earl of Warren and Surrey, son of Earl WiU 
Ham and his wife, Lady Maud, widow of Hugh Bigod and 
sister of William Marshall, Sureties for the Magna Charta, 
and had : 

Lady Alice de Warren, who m. 1305, Edmond Fitz-Alan, 
K.B., Earl of Arundel, beheaded in 1326,* and had : 

Richard Fitz-Alan, K.G., Earl of Arundel and Surrey, d. 
1375-6, m, secondly, Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, d. 1372, 
widow, a daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster,-}- a grand- 
son of Henry III., King of England, and had : 

John Fitz-Alan, second son. Baron Maltravers and mar- 
shal of England, d, December 15, 13794 He m. Lady 
Eleanor Maltravers, d. January 10, 1404-5, granddaughter 
and heiress of Baron Maltravers, and had : 

Lady Joan Fitz-Alan, d. 1404, widow of Sir William de 
Brien, of Kemsyng, d. 1397, who m. secondly, about 1401, 
Sir William d'Echyngham, d. March 20, I4i2,§ and had : 

Sir Thomas d'Echyngham, d. October 15, 1444, m. Mar- 
garet, widow of Sir Thomas Marny, who d. 141 4, and had : 

Thomas d'Echyngham, d. January 20, 1482-3, m. Lady 

* See Tierney's *' History and Antiquities of the Castle and Town of Arun- 
del." 

f His wife was Lady Maud, daughter of Patrick de Chaworth, 1 253-1 282, 
and his wife, Lady Isabel de Beauchamp, daughter of William, first Earl of 
Warwick, and his wife. Lady Maud Fitz-John, a descendant of 'RofiCt JSi0OD 
and 1(U0b JSidODt Sureties for the Magna Charta. 

X His will dated November 26, 1379, and that of his wife, September 26, 
1 404. See Nicolas* s * * Testamenta Vetusta. ' ' 

§ See Betham's ** Genealogical Tables of the Sovereigns of the World.** 



^*" 



446 THE MAof/ 



THE MAGNA CHARTA BARONS 

Margaret, daughter of Reginald de West, Lord de la Warr, 
aforesaid, and had : 

Margaret d'Echyngham,* who m. William le Blount, 
cl. V. p., eldest son of Walter le Blount, K.G., first Baron 
Montjoy, and had : 

Lady Elizabeth le Blount, d. before March 26, 1543, who 
m. Sir Andrews, Baron Wyndsore, of Stamwell and Bards- 
ley Abbey, will proved July 31, I543,t and had : 

Lady Edith de Wyndsore, who m. before March 26, 
1543, George Ludlowe, of Hill Deverill, Wilts, sheriff of 
Wiltshire, 1567, will proved February 4, 1580, and had: 

Thomas Ludlowe, of Dinton and Baycliffe ; buried at Din- 
ton, November 25, 1607; will proved June, 1608. He m. 
Jane (her will proved July 6, 1650), daughter of Thomas 
Pyle, of Bopton, Wilts, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of 
Ralph Langrish, of Borden, and had : 

Gabriel Ludlow, bapt. at Dinton, February 10, 1587; 
called to the bar in 1620; d. after June 28, 1639. He 
had by his wife Phyllis, whose surname has not been pre- 
served : 

Sarah Ludlow, d. before 1669, who m. before 1663, as his 

* See Hall's "Echynghams of Echyngham*' and Sussex Archaeological 
Collections, "Echyngham Church.** 

f He was the son of Thomas de Wyndsore and Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Andrews, of Stoke and Baytham, Suffolk, and Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Stratton, of Weston sur Mare, Norfolk, and Elizabeth, widow of William Har- 
leston, and daughter of Sir Hugh Luttrell, M.P., lord of Dunster Castle, Som- 
erset, steward to Queen Catherine, 1420 (and his wife, m, 1396, Catherine, 
widow of John Streech and daughter of John Beaumont, of Shirwell, Devon), 
son of Sir Andrew Luttrell, of Chilton (son of Sir John Luttrell, of the Isle of 
Lundy, by his wife Joan, daughter of Sir John, first Baron de Mohun, son of 
John, d, 1278, son of Reginald, d, 1256, and his wife, a sister of Henry de 
Bohun.'a Magna Charta Surety), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth de Courtenay, 
widow, a daughter of Sir Hugh, second Earl of Devon, d. 1377, and his wife. 
Lady Margaret, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, 
k, 1 32 1, a descendant of Mentis dC JSObtttl, a Magna Charta Surety. 



if 



MEMBERS OF THE ORDER OF RUNNEMEDE 447 

third wife, Colonel John Carter, a member of the Virginia 
House of Burgesses, d. June 10, 1669,* ^^^ ^^^ • 

Colonel Robert Carter, of Virginia, 1 663-1 732, aforesaid. 

William F. and Isabella Spotswood, of Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, had : 

25. Dandridge Spotswood, of Petersburg, Virginia, a 
founder of the Order of Runnemede. 

Arms. — Ar., on a chevron, gu., between three oak-trees, 
eradicated, vert, a boar's head, couped, of the first. 

Crest. — An eagle rising, gu, looking to the sun in splendor. 

Motto. — Patior ut Potior. 

* See Keith's "Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison." 



" I 



: 



■ i -I 



'4 



Inbei 



Abberbury, 200, 203. 
Abbot, 144. 
Adams, 209, 258. 

William d'Albini, 25, 26, 27, 61, 71, 174, 
189, 195, 198, 201, 278, 289, 308, 360, 

364. 386, 439. 
Albini, 181, 225, 243, 306, 331, 339, 356, 

3^3* 366, 41 5» 423. 
Alden, 285. 

Alexander, 140, 264. 

Allen, 209, 263, 419. 

Allerton, 208. 

Ailing, 370. 

Alsop, 412. 

Andrews, 133, 134, 441. 

Anthony, 284. 

Antrobus, 183, 245, 341, 424. 

Ario, 202. 

Armbtead, 444. 

Arnold, 283, 395, 396. 

Arundel, 175, 289, 364. 

Asheton, 148. 

Aton, 172. 

Audley, 149, 172, I75» I9«» 230» *5o. ^^» 

297. 310, 351, 359, 388, 400, 408, 415. 
Aufrire, 167. 
Aylmer, 278, 279. 

Bache, 219. 

Badlesmere, 169, 174, 195, 197, 225, 250, 

289, 290, 307, 308, 378, 435- 
Baillie, 213, 322. 
Baker, 347. 

Baliol, 171, I77»259, 310, 388, 407, 433. 
Ball, 202. 

Esek S. Ballord, 205-209. 
Bamforth, 390. 
Banastre, 292. 
Bancker, 380. 



Barclay, 137, 167, 2i8, 219, 325, 326, 419, 

430- 
Bardolf, 175, 205, 434. 

Barnes, 202. 

Barre, 170, 416. 

Barrington, 143. 

Bartow, 427. 

Baskenrille, 170, 171. 

Basset, 135, 205, 211, 291, 310, 311, 321, 

345» 363^ 3641 433- 
Bates, 208. 

Bayard, 154. 

Beach, 252. 

Beamond, 183, 245, 340, 424* 

Beare, 314, 315. 

Beauchamp, 134, 135, 151, 152, 153, 157, 
172, 181, 190, 191, 192, 193, 214, 222, 
223, 225, 230, 233, 240, 242, 243, 253, 
268, 277, 282, 298, 306, 309, 310, 316, 
3«7, 32s, 329* 338, 339» 351. 357, 359. 
362, 364, 378, 384, 387» 394, 399. 4^2, 
408, 422, 423, 435, 440. 

Beaufort, 152, 163, 164, 165, 197, 214, 
215, 217, 232, 269, 277, 310, 323, 324, 
402. 

Beaumont, 168, 177, 242, 245, 259, 305, 

338, 340, 345. 415. 422, 441. 
Beck, 291. 
Bedles, 200. 
Beke, 291. 
Belknap, 171. 
Bellomont, 239, 291. 
Bennet, 333. 
Benson, 397. 
Bereford, 199. 
Berkeley, 152, 309. 
Bermingham, 279. 
Bemers, 234, 307, 353. 
Besford, 199. 

449 



450 IN 

Frederic H. BetU, 3>8, 339-337. 
BcTCTler, 150. 

Biddle, 377, 379. 

Melville M. Bigelow, 343-347. 437- 
Hngh Bigod, 26, 61, 74, 135, 169, 191, 
•93. >94. '95. >96. '97. >98. »». "S. 
317, 333, 335, 330, 333, 333. 134. Z43, 
343, 349, 353, 355, 366, 368, 17;, 3S1, 
189, 398, 299. 309, 317. 333. 334, 330, 
339. 3S'. 35*. 3S3. 3S8. 3S9. 361, 364. 
378. 383. 3*4, 38s. 387. 388, 393. 399. 
401,403, 409. 414. 433, 433.436,437. 
440.445- 

Roger Bigod, 17, 36, 61, 77, 135, 169, tgl, 
"93. '94, 19s. '96. '97. 198. aoi, 315, 
317, 333. 33S, 330. »33, 333, 334. 343, 
a43. 349. 3S3, ass, *66, »6a. 377. 381, 
389, 398, 399, 309. 317. 3*3. 3*4. 330. 
339, 35', 35a, 353. 358. 3S9, 36'. 3^. 
378, 383. 384. 385. 387, 388. 393. 399. 
401. 403, 409. 4'4, 43i. 4*3, 4>5. 438. 
440,445- 

Bigod, 166, 34S. 

D&vid S. Bispbun, 330, 331-337. 

BUckall, 365. 

Bladen, 150. 

Blair, 1 65. 

Blaket, 171. 

Juahonf J. Bleecker, 310, 311-319. 

Blocmlield, 380. 

Blount, 160, 440, 446. 

Bogle, 437- 

Heiuy de BohDD, 38, 61, 80, 133, 134, 169, 
194, 196, '98. *»6, 335, 178, 300, 306, 
3", 333, 343. 3S4, 363, 363, 377, 381, 
403,411,438,436,446. 

Bolebec, 267, 349, 384, 439. 

Bond, 377. 

Bonville, 345, 419. 

Bostwick, 143. 

Boanm, 199, 104. 

Boteler, 196, 197, 379, 31I, 363. 

Bothe, 148,3'7. 318. 

Bonrcbier, 179, 334, 300, 306, 307, 353, 
403, 410. 

Bowet, 178, 179, 331, 398, 3S3, 400, 401, 
408. 



Bowoe, 34 1 • 

Bajee, 256. 

Bojd, IS5. 

Bojer, 41 ». 

Bradford, 393, 303. 

Bradish, 254, 337. 

Bradwa;, 419. 

Bragg, 347. 

Brampton, 308. 

BraoM, 169, t8l, 191,335,341,343,306, 

307, 338, 339. 343, 357. 377. 383, 387, 

414. 433- 4*3, 43J, 43S. 
Bray, IS3, 180. 
Brereton, 391. 
Breynton, 171. 
Brien, 313, 440. 
Brigg», 3SS. 
Brock, 309. 
Brockbam, 173. 
Brockctt, 183. 
Bromley, 393. 
Bromudl, 300. 
Brooke, 134,334,331,443. 
Brown, 3S4, 391, 
Browne, IS7, l6s. 333- 
Brownell, 391. 

Charles K. Brovraing, 377, 380. 
Browning, 333, 
Brace, 136-139, 140, 141, 144-147. 154- 

156, 166, 306, 311, 313,313,316,159, 

369, 370, 371, 373, 373, 331. 428, 439. 
Braen, 318. 
Bnigge, 170. 
Bnine, 414. 
Bryan, 147, 436. 
Bryant, 365. 
Bucbanan, 437. 
Bniancb, 155. 

Morgan G. Bnlkeley, 355-358. 
Burden, 419. 
Bmgb, 143, 153, '54. 155. '56. 157. 171. 

■7>> '97. 198, 305, 311, 315, 369, 370, 

373,278,311,313,331,433- 
Bnrk, 263. 
Burling, 341. 
Bnrlingame, 384. 
Burnet. 144, 355, 413. 



w 



Bamhani, 184. 

Bumngton, 336. 

Bnct, 396. 

Bullet, 194, ajS, 361, 382. 431, 43a, 433. 

Bytd, 151. 

Charles E. Cadwalftdet, 371, 373-3S0. 

Calder, 366. 

Calthorpe, igo. 

Calvert, 164. 

Campbell, lj6, 139, I44, 156, 373, 373, 

374, 280, 444. 
Carey, 134. 
Caraqry, 140. 
Cupenter, 291, 396. 
Carter, 133, 184, 444, 447- 
Carteret, 346. 
C«7, 164. 
Cecil, 183. 
ChamberlaiD, 3o6. 
Chamberlin, 347. 
Chnrnpcrnon, :So. 
Cliaucoinbe, 291 
ChauQcr, 256-357. 
Chawortb, 191, 193, 197, 214, 323, 225, 

233. 243. 253. aM, 323. 330, 339, 353, 

357. 36". 378. 384. 423, 440. 
Ched worth, 306, 
Ch«ever, 2 7 8. 
Cbenef, 173,316. 
Cherleton, 149, 151, 415. 
Chetwood, 357. 
Chcyncy, 399. 
Chichester, 202, 303. 
Cholmoneley, 154. 
Gilbert de CUre, 26, 28, 62, 83, 136-149. 

166, 168, 186, 192, 19s, 196, 197, 198, 

30I, 213, 213, 214, 3t6, 217, 21S, 231, 

229, 239, 350, 353, 266, 370, 371, 272, 
273. 274. '7S. ^77. 289, 297, 308, 331, 
332, 324, 325, 327, 329, 337, 350, 360, 
36a, 389. 4«>. 408, 421, 433. 434. 440- 
Richard de CUre, 26, 63, 85, 136-149. 
166, 16S, 186, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198, 
301,213,213, 214, 3i6, 317, 218,321, 
339, 339, 250, 253, 366, 270, 271, 373, 
873. 274. a7S. "77. 289, 297, 308, 331, 



lEX 451 

322, 324, 325, 327, 329, 337, 350, 360, 

36*. 373. 389. 400. 408.417,421, 433. 

434.440- 
Clare, 151-154, 172, iSl, 243, 2S1, 306, 

3"2, 339. 3S6. 387. 393 
dark, 252. 
Clarke, 134, 162. 
ClarkMn, 219, 347. 
davering, 178, 196, 231, 29S, 310, 353, 

359, 388. 40"- 
Clailon 390, 
Qajpoole, 162, 413. 
Qeremont, 356. 
Cliffotd, 148, 154, 172, 173, 240, 243, 253, 

308. 309. 337 33S, 362. 422. 
Qinton, 163, 164, 317. 
Clute, 295. 
Coate, 419. 
Cobb, 369. 
Cockercraft, 160. 
Codding, 264. 
Coffin, 155. 
Coker, 173, 365. 
Golden, 326. 
Cole, 346. 
Colei, 365. 
CoUe, 136. 
Collier, 292. 
Colville, 19S. 

Comj'n, 360, 361, 271, 334. 
Convene, 162. 

Conyen, 163, 195, 19S, 313, 390. 

Cooke, 3oa 

Coolidge, 412. 

Cooper, 134, 165, 419. 

Coply, 44»- 

Cornell, 377. 

Cornwall, 183,257. 

Cotes, 206. 

Coortenay, 133, 166, 344. 345. 429. 446. 

Cousins, 226. 

Corentiy, 366, 368. 

Craik, 136. 

Crean, 2S0. 

Crocheron, 319. 

Cropholl, 170. 



452 



INDEX 



Camming, 183, 185. 
Canjngham, 14a. 
Cunon, 206. 
Cosack, 152. 
Custis, 164. 
Catting, 247. 

Dacrc, 179, 230, 231, 298, 350, 351, 352, 

400, 401, 408, 409. 
Damon, 397. 
Dana, 404* 
Dandridge, 440. 
Dangerfieldy 202, 246. 
Charles W. Darling, 398, 399-404- 
Darrell, 173. 
Daubcney, 363-367. 
Davis, 184, 185, 226, 227, 355, 404. 

Day, 355. 
Deincourt, 175, 176. 

Dennis, 283, 395. 

Dennys, 346, 430. 

Despencer, 151, 152, 329, 345, 386. 

Devereux, 169, 170, 171. 

Digby,207. 

Digges, 138, 153. 

Dod, 370. 

Douglas, 140, 145, 147, 156, 163, 166, 215, 

217, 271, 324. 
Downes, 280. 
Downing, 161. 
Doyle, 141. 
Drake, 346, 430- 
Draflyer, 219, 325. 
Drennen, 397. 

Dudley, 179, 276, 291, 314, 412, 415. 
Dunbar, 145, I46, 147, 212, 216, 217, 271, 

273, 322, 396, 429. 
Dundas, 145, 148. 
Dunlop, 442-444. 
Dutton, 288, 317, 318. 
Dymoke, 158, 201. 
d*Arcy, 190, 193, 194, 198, 278, 314, 360, 

362, 386, 389, 432, 433. 
d*Auney, 345, 429. 
d'Engaine, 175, 431. 
d'Ergadia, 156. 
d'Espec, 262. 



d'Esturmi, 173. 

d*Eu, d'Eue, d'Ewe, 169, 307, 343, 377f 

431- 
de Lancey, 326. 

Delafield, 152. 

de la Field, 278. 

Delaplaine, 342. 

de la Roche, 170. 

de la Spine, 199, 204. 

de la Vergne, 219. 

de la Warr, 159, 160, 106, 436. 

Ferdinand P. Earle, 316-319. 

Earle, 285. 

Eaton, 236. 

Echyngham, 160, 175, 445. 

Edwards, 137. 

Elderkin, 346, 347. 

Eliot, 236, 237. 

Elliot, 431. 

Ellis, 152, 207. 

Ehnedon, 334. 

Ely, 404* 

Enos, 347. 

Ergadia, 215, 269, 272. 

Erskine, 141, 217, 327, 430. 

Etherstone, 334. 

Everard, 143. 

Evert, 380. 

Ewell, 136. 

Eyre, 257. 

Fairfax, 150, 154, 202. 
Farrand, 369. 

Farwell, 180, 181, 182, 183. 
Fauntleroy, 136. 
Featherstonehaugh, 334. 
Felbrigge, 166. 
Fellows, 263. 
Felton, 178, 231, 407. 
Ferrers, 161, 170, 171, 172, 174, 176, 195, 
196, 244, 253, 277-279, 310, 311, 312, 

340, 362, 363. 386, 389, 423, 434. 
Ficnes, 170, 179, 231, 232, 233, 235, 299, 

3a>» 307» 344. 35o. 352. 353, 377, 382, 
399, 400, 401, 402, 409, 410, 432. 
FiUdn, 367, 368. 



i*a^ 



INDEX 



453 



Fillol, 175. 

Flagg, 184, 185. 

Fleete, 202. 

Alexander F. Fleete, 328, 329, 334. 

Fletcher, 183. 

Flower, 313. 

Foliot, 169. 

Forbes, 137. 

Ford, 263. 

Forrest, 31$. 

William de Fortibus, 27, 63, 95. 

Foster, 264, 333, 334, 

Fotheringham, 430. 

Fowke, 202. 

Fowler, 346. 

Fox, 318. 

Francisco, 442. 

Fraser, 137, 145, 213, 274, 275. 

Freeman, 293. 

Fuller, 208. 

Fmnival, 169, 191, 193, 213, 230, 249,268, 

282, 309, 351, 361, 385, 394, 414. 
Fitz-Alan, 161-165, 193, 214, 215, 223, 

225, 233. 234, 268, 277, 299, 305, 307, 

323, 330, 332, 349. 353. 361. 378» 383. 
384, 402, 403, 410, 440. 
Fitz-Geoffrey, 194, 214, 223, 230, 242, 253, 
282, 298, 309, 317, 330, 338, 409, 422, 

432, 433- 
Fitz-Gerald, 157, 278, 382. 
Fitz- Henry, 240. 
Fitzhugb, 146, 167, 179, 194, 198, 232, 

299. 313. 350. 389. 491. 409- 
Fitz-John, 135, 191, 193, 214, 223, 225, 

230, 233. 242, 243, 253, 268, 282, 298, 

309. 317, 323. 330, 338. 339. 3SI. 357. 

359. 361. 378. 385. 388, 394. 401, 402, 

409, 422, 440. 
Fitz-Maurice, 168, 240, 309, 337, 421. 
Fitz-Osbome, 262. 
Fitz-Patrick, 436. 
Fitz- Piers, 169, 174, 189, 191, 289, 298, 

308. 377. 383. 435- 
Fitz-Reinfred, 426. 

John Fitz-Robert, 63, 89, 177, 196, 197, 

198, 201, 231, 278, 298, 310, 352, 359, 

388,401,407,426. 



Robert Fitz- Walter, 11, 21, 25, 26, 28, 63, 

91, 113, 121, 136, 149, 176. 
Fitz- William, 240, 309. 

Gamage, 282, 395. 

Gardiner, 149, 258. 

Gardner, 347. 

Garrard, 276. 

Gascoigne, 135, 195, 197, 201, 311, 312, 

313- 
Gaskell, 137, 419. 

Gaveston, 192, 229, 297, 359. 

Geneva, 249. 

Genevill, 169, 170, 249, 289, 414. 

Gerard, 262, 290, 292. 

Gifford, 256. 

Gilbert, 346, 430. 

Gilliam, 439, 444. 

Gilman, 209, 219. 

Godolphin, 346. 

Gooche, 208. 

Gordon, 137, 145, 213, 218, 275, 322, 324. 

Gorges, 346, 430. 

Gotherson, 226. 

Gooshill, 162, 378, 379. 

Gower, 224, 330. 

Graeme, 137, 138. 

Graff, 342. 

Graham, 215, 324. 

Grandison, 170. 

Grant, 274. 

Grantemaisnill, 239. 

Graves, 263. 

Gray, 165, 347. 

Richard H. Greene, 428-431. 

Greene, 263. 

Greenleaf, 148. 

Greilly, 206. 

Grenville, 345, 346, 429. 

Greslei, 206. 

Grey, 143, 149, 151, 161, 176, 178, 190- 

194. 201, ao7, 278, 358, 359, 360, 386. 
Grcystock, 148, 182, 242, 244, 253, 278, 

339. 362, 422. 
Griffin, 140, 206, 207. 
Griffith, 379. 
WillUm H. Griffith. 286, 287-295. 



454 m 

Groesb«ck, 412. 
CroTer, a-ji. 
Cully, 395- 
Gunnin£, 367. 
Gnrdon, 135, 30S. 
Cnyon. 319. 
Gwyn, 379. 

Hogu, iSa. 
Hall, 419. 
Hallett, ija. 

Hunilton, I45-I4£, 3l6, 317, 438. 
HampdcQ, 176, 
Henry J. Hancock, 414, 419. 
Hanrord, 351. 
Han Ion, 180. 
Hub;, 153, 160. 
Harcourt, 3S1, 307, 394. 
William de Hardtll.63, 97. 
Hardenbrook, JI9. 
Hnrilenbiirg, 368. 
Hardret, 235, 301, 354, 403, 41I. 
Harlakenden,335, 136, 301, 354, 403, 411 
Harriion, 31S, 44^.444• 
HllssyIden, 50, 
Hatting*, 191. 
Hatch, 346. 
Hawthorn, 347. 

Hayou, 136, 301, 354, 403, 404, 411,413 
Hedtwoith, 390. 
Henley, 144. 
HenloD, iSo. 
Heo:y, 156. 
Hepbnm, 163. 
Hering, 160. 

Heirick, 195. 
Hesilrigge, 144. 
Hews, 376. 
Hieki, 346. 
Higgiu, 379. 
Hill, 319, 333, 346. 
Hoadley, 237. 
Hobart, 336, 334, 412. 
Hobby, 3oS, 
Hogben, 336. 
Hoi brook, 337. 



Hoironl,3l8. 

Holland, 163-165, "4, 333, 35<^ 3^, >77, 

38S, 299, 333, 350, 403, 410. 
Hollyman, 158. 

Hoo, 183. 

Hopkini, 393. 

Honmanden, 151. 

Hoaie, 326. 

Houghton, 358, 391. 

Howard, 177, 183, 334, 306, 307, 331. 

Howell, 151,371. 

Hubbard, 302. 

HnbbMTt, 236, 301, 354, 403, 411, 

Hudion, 314. 

Humberston, 257. 

Hume, 148. 

Humphrey, 164, 379. 

Hungerford, 161, 441. 

HuDler, 315. 

William de Hantingfield, 47, 63, 98, 150, 

i8a 
HuDtingfield, 313. 
Hutchings, 319. 
Hyde, 134, 363. 

In net, 375. 

laaac, 156, 315, 369, 273. 

Iimay, 34J, 

Jackton, 390, 437. 

Ja«e., 418. 

Jenckes, 391. 

Johnwn, 354, 337. 

Jones, 149, 264, 319, 333, 375, 418. 

Kaye, 135. 'SS, 309,313. 

Keith, 137, 145, ^13. 3>6. a74. 3*S- 

Kempe. 214, 331. 

Kendall, 183. 

K«, IS5. 

Kilconeath, 369, 438. 

Kirtcn, 368. 

Kwipp, 327. 

Knatchbull, 336. 

Knolleyt, 164. 

Koowlton, 394. 



^ 



INDEX 



455 



Knox, 138. 
Knyvett, 307, 308. 
Kynaston, 149, 151. 

La Forge, 247. 

La Touche, 279. 

le Brune, 170, 249. 

le Despencer, 153, 222, 223. 

John de Lacie, 26, 27, 64, 100, 122, 151, 
152. 153. 168, 192, 19s, 196, 197, 198, 
201, 221, 229, 239, 250, 253, 277, 289, 

297, 309, 329* 337, 359> 362, 3^f 400, 

408, 421, 440. 
Lacy, 169, 288, 414. 
Lambert, 261, 262, 265, 376. 
Lancaster, 291, 426. 
Langrish, 446. 
Langton, 290. 
William de Lanvallei, 64, 104, 154, 155, 

156, I57» i7i» 198, 201, 205, 211, 215, 

266, 270, 272, 274, 278, 311, 321, 324, 

438- 
Lathrop, 392. 

Latimer, 206. 

Lawrence, 182-184, 199, 252, 318, 340, 

423. 
Robert C. Lawrence, 238, 239-247. 

George P. Lawton, 381-392. 

Lay, 319. 

Lea, 292. 

Learned, 182. 

Lechmere, 161. 

Edward C. Lee, 281-285. 

Lee, 164, 285. 

Leete, 237. 

Leighton, 164. 

Lenox, 442. 

Lesley, 156. 

Leslie, 155. 

Leventhorp, 256. 

Leverett, 302. 

Lewis, 293, 303, 368. 

Lewright, 280. 

Leybume, 172, 316, 317, 399. 

Lindsay, 139, 140, 146, 147. 280, 434, 435. 

Lippincott, 227. 

Lispenard, 219. 



Livingston, 141, 166, 326, 327, 430. 

Lloyd, 149, 292, 366, 417, 418. 

Locke, 319. 

Lockhart, 167. 

Loftus, 150. 

Logan, 148, 203. 

Londenoys, 235. 

Longespee, 287. 

Longford, 244. 

Lord, 404. 

Lothrop, 285. 

Loudenoys, 235, 300, 354, 403, 4". 

Lovat, 274. 

Lovel, 176, 177. 

Ludlow, 133, 446. 

Lumley, 390. 

Luqueer, 246. 

Luttrell, 133, 134, 446. 

Creorge A. Lyman, 259-264. 

Lynde, 207, 208. 

McCarty, 202, 203. 

Mcllvaine, 380. 

Mcintosh, 275, 276. 

McKay, 341. 

McKinney, 318. 

McMurray, 369. 

Macalester, 156. 

Mac Carthy, 157, 438. 

Macdonald, 213, 259, 287, 322, 386. 

Mac Donnell, 141. 

Macintosh, 275, 276. 

Mackenzie, 274, 275. 

Mac Williams, 173. 

Maddox, 163. 

Madison, 347. 

Magee, 392. 

Mainwaring, 333. 

Maitland, 442, 444. 

William Malet, 26, 64, 105, 157, 171, 197, 

201,279,310, 363. 
Maltravers, 445. 
Geoffrey de Mandeville, 26, 27, 46, 64, 82, 

107, 194, 362, 377, 381, 394, 431. 
Mandeville, 306, 343, 358, 383. 
Manning, 184. 
Mansfield, 256. 



4 



■» 



456 



INDEX 



Markenficld, 135, 195, 198, 312, 313. 
Marny, 44a 
Marr, 141, 429. 
Marrow, 199. 

George S. Marsh, 393-397. 
William Marshall, Jr., 27, 65, 96, 106, 110, 
117, 191, 192, 221, 241, 253, 255, 2S1, 

358» 36O1 382, 383. 389. 393. 400, 414, 
422, 433, 438, 445- 
Marshall, 168, 169, 229, 249, 267, 297, 308, 

329» 338, 344. 350. 430- 
Marston, 314. 

Martian, 200. 

Martin, 367. 

Mason, 202, 203. 

Mattison, 347. 

Mauduit, 223, 230, 261, 282, 351, 358, 394. 

Maulevercr, 135, 198, 309, 313. 

Maynard, 144. 

Meade, 143. 

Meinill, 190, 198, 278, 360, 386. 

Melville, 347. 

Menteth, 141. 

Menzies, 139. 

Merces, 162. 

Merriman, 263. 

Meschines, 239, 337, 421. 

Mickle, 314, 315. 

Middleton, 160. 

Milboume, 170, 171. 

Milligan 142. 

Minshall, 288. 

Mohun, 441. 

Molineaux, 183, 245, 340. 

MonUcute, 233, 250, 290, 299, 350, 363, 

402, 410. 

Montagne, 318. 

Montague, 207. 

Roger de Montbegon, 26,27, 65, 11 1, 114. 

Montdider, 356. 

Monteath, 247, 392. 

Richard de Montfichet, 28, 65, 96, Z13. 

Montfort, 261, 317, 416. 

Montgomery, 144, 156, 166, 167, 273, 317. 

Moore, 145, 377, 427. 

Moreton, 441. 

Morgan, 176, 258. 



Morrison, 430. 

Mortimer, 143, 154, 170, 172, 197, 240, 249, 

288, 290, 310, 312, 338, 359, 387, 415 

422. 
Monrille, 442. 

Roger de Mowbray, 27, 67, III, 114, 19a 
William de Mowbray, 26, 28, 66, no, 114, 

115, 158, 159, 160, 181, 190, 195, 198, 

201, 225, 243, 253. 278, 306, 331, 339, 

356, 387, 423, 440, 441. 
Mnlineaux, 424. 
Multon, 176. 
Mumbezon, 112. 
Mumbray, 116. 
Munion, 431. 
Mure, 271, 429. 
Murray, 163. 

Muscegros, 196, 279, 310, 311, 363. 
Mynne, 292. 

Napier, 136. 

Nephew, 276. 

Nevill, 134, 151, 153, 160, 162, 176, 179, 
181, 183, 192, 195, 197, 201, 224, 230, 
232, 278, 298, 299, 310, 312, 331, 350, 

359. 361. 385. 387, 401, 408. 
Newburgh, 282, 358, 394. 
Newdigate, 208. 
Newkirk, 207. 
Newmarch, 311. 
Norman, 263. 
Norris, 177, 179, 180. 
Norton, 161. 
Nonrille, 161. 
Norwich, 150, 181. 
Noyes, 404. 

0*Crean, 280. 
0*Hanlon, 280. 
O'Riley, 438. 
O'SuUivan, 157. 
Ogle, 201. 

Ohiey, 199, 203, 204. 
Opie, 146. 

Osborne, 263, 265, 370. 
Owen, 377, 379. 
Oxenbridge, 153, 160. 



INDEX 



457 



Paine, 293. 

Pancoast, 419. 

Pardoe, 251. 

Parkhunt, 185, 2S4. 

Parr, 167, 425. 

Parrett, 370. 

Parry, 251,308. 

Schuyler L. Parsons, 320, 321-327. 

Parton, 182. 

Paschall, 418. 

PashJey, 224, 330. 

Pauncefote, 365. 

Peake, 396. 

Peche, 317. 

Peckham, 391. 

Peirce, 184. 

Pelham, 159. 

Pendleton, 202. 

Pcnn, 137, 419. 

Penn-Gaskell, 419. 

Penny, 365. 

Richard de Percy, 26, 27, 66, 118. 

Percy, 143, 154, 172, 176, 195. I97i 201, 
310, 312, 388, 425. 

Pcriton, 174. 244, 312, 340, 389, 423, 434. 

Perkins, 392. 

Perry, 247. 

Perwich, 207. 

Peyton, 150. 

Philler, 285. 

Pickering, 198, 199. 

Pierpont, 178, 231, 404, 407. 

Pinney, 318. 

Pinto, 318. 

Pitt, 318. 

Plantagenet, 143, 153, 169, 172, 181, 191, 
193, 214, 225, 233, 23s, 243, 249, 253, 
268-281, 297, 300, 305, 309, 312, 323, 

33i» 339. 349. 3Si. 353. 357. 3>6, 375. 
378. 383. 387. 393. 402, 410, 414, 416, 

423. 435. 440. 
Piatt, 294. 

Plunket, 278, 279. 

Pole, 143, 150. 

Pollard, 185. 

Charles C. Pomeroy, 406, 407-412. 

Poole, 184. 



Poultncy, 207. 
Powel, 379. 
Powell, 246. 
Power, 397. 
Poynings, 312. 
Pray, 391. 
Preis, 251. 
Prentice, 258, 355. 
Preston, 335. 
Prestwith, 207. 
Prevost, 140. 
Price, 418. 
Pridcaux, 346, 430. 
Profit, 256. 
Puleston, 374, 379. 
Pyle, 446. 
^ympe, 224, 330. 

Saher de Quincey, 1 1, 26, 28, 46, 66, 102, 
106, no, 120, 160, 161, 162, 163, 168, 
192, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 201, 215, 
217, 221, 224, 229, 233, 234, 239, 250, 
253. 259. 266, 267, 277, 287, 290, 299, 

305. 323. 324, 330. 334. 337. 345. 349. 
351. 353. 360, 361, 362, 363, 378, 389, 
400, 402, 403, 410, 421, 427, 428, 439, 
440. 

Randolph, 146, 147, 212, 216, 272, 322, 

428. 
Read, 148. 
Reade, 182, 200. 
Redvers, 345. 
Reed, 184. 
Reeves, 276. 
Reynolds, 182. 
Richardson, 209. 

Marmaduke Richardson, 277-280. 
John J. Riker, 420, 421-427. 
Roach, 251. 
Roberdeau, 142. 

Roberts, 183, 245, 251, 341, 424. 
Robertson, 156, 295, 404, 439. 
Robinson, 182. 
Rochford, 134. 
Rochfort, 279. 
Rodam, 261, 334. 



30 



* 



458 I^ 

Rodbur^, 183, 395. 

Rodney, 1 5 8. 

Rogers, 346, 430. 

RooMielt, a 1 9, 

Roper, Z07. 

Robert de Ros, z6, 27, 66, 119, 123, 174, 

1S9, 19s, 198, 201, 278, 289, 30S, 360, 

3«6, 426. 439. 
Ros, 01 Roos, 262, 28S. 
RoK, 145, 146. 
Rosewelt, 314. 
Rosiier, 237. 
RoDci. 356- 
Rowe. 293. 
Rowiee, 442. 
R nek man, 285. 
Ruffin, 437. 
Ruggles, 263. 
Rassell, 217, 337, 301. 
Rulgecs, 326. 
Ryan, 380. 
Rysse, 209. 

St. CUir, 154.397- 
St. John, 134. 164, 171.344- 
Sl. Lawrence, 152, 278. 
Si. Uger, 151, 153. 
Si. Lit, iSo. 
St. Maur, 172. 
Sackelt, 427. 
SaltoDStall, 135. 

Andrew H. M. Salionsiill, 305-314. 
Sunpton, 156. 

Saundrord, 169, 267, 305, 349, 3S4, 439. 
Savage, 2S8, 191. 
Sixbuiy, 366. 
Geoffrey de Sajr, 66, 126, 163, 173, 197, 

201, 232, 279, 299. 3". 3'^ 35*. 3^'. 

399. 409- 
Scales, 166. 

George R. Schieflelin, 336, 337-34*. 
Schuyler, 326. 

ScoK, 165, 224, 2*6. *63. 330, 33>. 33*- 
Scoville, 237. 

Scrope, 167, 181, 182, 194. 195. 3"3i 389- 
Scull, 227. 
Seaman, 419. 



Seddon, 335, 

Sedgwick, 303. 

SedLeT,3o8. 

Segrave, 181, igi, 335, 34a, 388, 391, jo6, 
33'. 358.387. 433, 435- 

Sergeant, 177. 

Sergeaui, 224, 330. 

Seton, 137, 145, 166, 313, 3i6, 373, 439. 

SeTtnonr, 157, 172, 175. 180, 376, 383, 
395- 

Sheffield, 149, 150. 

Sheldon, 397. 

Sheppard, 14S. 

Sidney, 280. 

Sinclair, 155, 271, 275, 

Skellon, 397, 

Skidmore, 152. 

Skinner, 264. 

Skipwith, 158. 

Philip H. Waddell Smith. 356-371. 

Smith, 158, 16s, 146, 251. 384, 319, 341, 
391.397. 437- 

Snow, 293. 

Someri, 291, 415. 

South wick, 369. 
South worth, 390, 292. 
Spencer, 153, 164, 170, 333. 
Spots wood, 147. 

Dandridge Spouwood, 433, 433, 447. 
Spottiswood, 147, 435. 
SpoIUwood, 436. 
Sprott, 140. 

Stafford, 135, 149, 151, 170, 174, 193, 196, 
330,284, 289, 391, 397, 308, 3I''. 3S>> 
359. 387. 400, 408. 
SUnley, 290, 291, 379. 
Supyllon, 150. 
Sceere, 209. 
Ste»eni, 393. 
Still, 257. 
Sloncham, I S3. 
Story, 149. 

Slonrton, 135, 136, 364. 
Strange, 193, 361, 374. 383. 4"S.44I. 
Strange ways, 198. 
Stratton, 133, 134, 446. 
Striker, 319. 



Stuart and Slewirt, I37-I4'.'S6. 163-166, 
aiS-217, xfxf. 271-274, 275. 3'4. 3*4. 
317. 4*9- 

Sudlejr, 197, 279,311, 362. 

Summen, 315- 

Sutherland, 154. >SS. *"■ *'3. 37i. 3^2- 

Sution, 179. 

Sujpdam, 352. 

Swynneiton, 291, 

Symc, 156. 

Symes. 202. 



Taggart, 304. 
Tainior, 258. 
Talbot, 193. 194, 276, 283, 360, 361, 383- 

385- 394- 
Tslbop, 201. 
Tanent, 146. 
Taylor, 183, 355. 
Terry, 185, 

George D. Terry, 348. 349-3SS- 
Thompson, 431- 
Thotley, 44I, 
Thornton, 28S. 
Tiirockroorton, 153. 160. 
Charles W. Throckmorton, 189-203. 
Tibetot, 178, 181,407. 
Tilney, 307. 
Tiptoft, 181, 
Tirwhitt, 198. 
Todd, 431. 
Todeni, 366. 
Tomlin, 33J. 

Toni, 134, 261, 262, 310, 317. 
Touchett, 175, 250, 288, 289, 290, 
Townley, 246,341. 
Towniend, 418. 
Treadcroft, 276. 
Treat, 293. 
Tregoi, 206. 
Trethewy, 262. 
Trevor, 342. 
Trouttieck, 379. 
Tudor, 374. 
Tuke, 331 . 
Turberville, 283, 395. 



I Tulhill, 245, 341- 

Tutt, 202. 

Tuiiell, 245. 

Tattle, 304, 319, 341. 
I 'I'yndale, 166. 

' L'fford, 178, 231, 298, 352, 401, 407. 
Umfraville, 174, 160, 261, 2S9, 334. 

Valentine, 308. 
.nies, 176. 

Vaughn, 351. 

Vaun, 251. 

1,174,190.289,308,43s. 

Verdon, 277, 385. 

Robert de Vere, z6, 67, 127, 164, 165, 166, 
168. 194, 198, 115, 217,224,233,234, 
266, 267, 277, 300, 30s, 324, 330, 345, 
349. 353. 361, 378. 384.402,403.410. 
427, 428, 439- 

k'ere, 149, 161-163, 176, 177. 

Vermandois, 358, 415. 

Vetnoti, 317, 

Eiutice de Vesci, 11,26, 27,67, 129, 167, 
"74. 19s. 198. WI, 343.254.278,312, 
340, 389. 433. 439- 

Vincent, 165, 396. 

Vivonia, 157, 171. 172. 

Van Benthuysen, 219. 

Van Coillandt, 326. 

Van Schaick, 219, 325. 

Van Zant, 246. 

Von Rydingtvlrd. 168-185. 

Wacker, 334. 

Waddell, 367, 369. 

Wade, 397- 

Waer, 391. 

Waimstead, 283. 

Walker, 154, 184, 276, 332, 333. 

Wallace, 163, 4IZ. 

Waller, 144. 

Walmsley, 419. 

Ward, 237, 314. 

Charlet S. Ward, 297-304. 

Wame, 251. 

Wamiteod, 395. 



460 



INDEX 



Warren, 148, 161-165, 193, 205, 215, 223, 
233. 255, 267, 277, 279, 280, 282, 291, 

299, 305» 323. 330. 349, 358, 361, 378, 

384, 393. 394. 402, 410, 414, 440. 
Washburn, 182, 285. 
Washington, 202, 442. 
Webb, 209, 431. 
Welch, 138. 
Welles, 158, 167, 175, 182, 195, 201, 242, 

244, 252, 253, 278, 312, 339, 340, 389, 

422, 423, 433, 434. 
Welsh, 257. 
Wentworth, 173, 309. 
West, 159, 160, 441. 
Wheathill, 207. 
Whettles, 207. 
White, 419. 
Whitehead, 303. 
Whiting, 134, 412. 
Whitleigh, 346, 430. 
Whitney, 171, 176, i8o>l83. 
Stephen Whitney, 248, 249-254. 
Whittlesey, 303. 
Wickenden, 391. 
Wickliffe, 203. 
Wildey, 333. 
Wilkins, 227. 
Wilkinson, 390-392. 
Willington, 363. 
Wilson, 392. 
Windebank, 201. 
Windsor, 133, 134, 160. 
Wingfield, 162, 175. 
Winslow, 430. 
Winston, 156. 

Frederick H. Winston, 266, 267-276. 
Winthrop, 161, 166, 219, 314. 
Wishart,. 167. 
Witherspoon, 138. 
Wolcott, 430. 
Wood, 376, 377. 
Woodbridge, 412. 
Woodhull, 167, 425. 
Woodruffe, 309. 
Wright, 263, 412. 
Wyatt, 224, 331. 
Wye, 171. 



Wyke, 204- 

Wyllys, 236, 301, 354, 355, 411, 412. 

Wyman, 184. 

Wyndham, 182. 

Wjmdsore, 446. 

Wynne, 375. 

Young, 283, 395. 
Youngs, 165. 

Zouche, 160, 161, 178, 287, 310, 388, 407, 



EARLS. 
Abercom, 186. 
Albemarle, 76, 95, no. 
Angus, 217, 261, 334. 
Annandale, 84, 136, 147, 166, 186, 21 2» 

216, 269, 270, 272, 321, 322, 323, 327, 

428, 429. 
Argyle, 144, 156, 272, 274. 
Arran, 186. 
Arundel, 87, 117, 161-165, 181, 190, 193, 

214, 215, 223, 225, 233, 234, 243, 268, 

299, 305, 306, 323, 330, 331, 332, 339, 

349. 353, 356, 361, 378, 3^3* 3^4, 402, 

410, 423, 435, 440. 
Athol, 156, 165, 215, 216, 271, 275, 324. 
Bothwell, 163, 217. 
Buchan, 122, 260, 271, 334. 
Buckingham, 86, 87. 
Caithness, 154, 271. 
Cambridge, 121, 143, 291. 
Canick, 13&-142, 144, 146, 147, 166, 186, 

211, 212, 269, 322, 361, 382, 428, 432. 
Chester, 87, 100, 102, 122, 239, 243, 268, 

337, 339, 349-421. 
Clare, 85, 86, 116, 221, 239, 250, 387. 
Comyn, 129. 
Cornwall, 83, 192-230. 
Crawford, 139, 140, 146, 147, 186, 429. 
Cumberland, 154. 
Derby, 106, 122, 161, 172, 174, 176, 196, 

244, 253, 312, 340, 363, 386, 389, 423, 

434. 
Desmond, 433. 

Devon, 84, 133, 344. 



INDEX 



461 



Douglas, 215, 324, 345. 

Dtuibar, 145, 146, 212, 216, 217, 271, 273, 

322, 429. 
Eglington, 144, 166. 
Enroll, 216, 324. 

Essex, 82, 83, 94, 95, loi, 107, 108, 133, 
169, 170, 191, 194, 226, 234,235,300, 
306, 332, 343, 353, 358, 361, 377, 381, 

383. 394. 4lo» 431- 
Exeter, 183. 

Fife, 139. 

Gloucester, 83, 87, 88, 103, 108, 143, 148, 
149, 151. 152, 153. 168, 172, 192, 195, 
221, 229, 230, 239, 250, 270, 297, 308, 

329, 337, 350, 35i» 359, 373» 388- 
Hereford, 80, 81, 85, 122, 133, 169, 170, 

226, 234, 235, 300, 306, 311, 332, 343, 
344,353,361, 362, 363, 377, 381,402, 
410, 432. 
Hertford, 76, 83, 88, 116, 127, 143, 148, 
149, 151, 152, 153, 168, 190, 192, 194, 
198, 221, 229, 239, 250, 253, 270, 297, 

308, 3 » 2, 321, 329, 337, 350. 356, 359, 

373, 388, 389, 421, 428. 
Holland, 226. 
Huntingdon, 81, 91, 120, 122, 212, 260, 

270, 334. 
Huntly, 137, 145, 213, 216, 217, 218, 322, 

325. 
Kent, 143, 162, 163, 164, 165, 171, 205, 

211, 214, 233, 268, 270, 299, 311, 321, 

323, 350, 402, 410, 433. 
Kildare, 157, 383, 432, 433. 
Kilmarnock, 155. 

Kyme, 261. 

Lancaster, 172, 181, 193, 197, 214, 225, 
233, 234, 243, 253, 268, 305, 306, 312, 

3^3f 339, 349, 353, 3^1, 362, 378, 384. 

387, 403, 423, 435, 440. 
Lennox, 216, 273, 272, 324. 
Leicester, 88, 121, 168, 239, 242, 259, 267, 

287, 3>2, 337, 338, 349, 384, 421, 

422. 
Lincoln, 84, loi, 103, 122, 164, 168, 192, 

221, 229, 239, 297, 309, 329, 337, 350, 

360, 388, 400, 421. 
Linlithgow, 166. 



Lothian, 155. 

Marr, 141, 142, 217, 271, 327. 

Marsh, 143, 145, 146, 147, 154. 170, 172^ 
197, 212, 216, 217, 241, 250, 273, 288, 
310, 312, 322, 338, 359, 387, 422, 429. 

Mellent, 242, 259, 338, 345. 

Moray, 146, 147, 212, 216, 217, 271, 272, 

322, 429. 
Moreton, 91, 163, 166. 
Morton, 156, 216. 
Mulgrave, 150. 

Norfolk, 74, 76, 78,85, 121, 169, 191, 215, 
223, 225, 230, 243, 249, 255, 268, 291, 

298, 3'7, 323, 330, 33«, 339, 345, 35^, 

358, 378, 383, 389, 393, 409, 414, 422. 
Northampton, 81, 120, 194, 225, 234, 260, 

300, 306, 307, 332, 344, 353, 378, 403, 

410. 
Northumberland, 81, 113, 1 20, 1 43, 154, 

197, 201, 260, 270, 312. 
Nottingham, 225, 306, 331. 
Orkney, 154,155,271. 
Ormond, 194, 361, 382, 431, 432, 433. 
Oxford, 78, 79, 108, 127, 128, 149, 161, 

162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 168, 169, 176, 

177, 194, 215, 223, 224, 233, 267, 299, 

323, 330, 345, 349, 361, 378, 384, 402, 
410, 439- 

Pembroke, 74, 75, 76, 102, 110,122,168, 
169, 191, 192, 221, 229, 242. 249, 253, 
255, 281, 282, 297, 308, 309, 329, 338, 
344, 350, 358, 360, 382, 383, 389, 393, 
414, 422, 428. 

Richmond, 81. 

Ross, 213, 216, 322. 

Rothes, 155, 156. 

Salisbury, 233, 250, 287, 299, 350, 402, 
410. 

Shrewsbury, 193, 360, 384. 

Somerset, 163, 164, 165, 214, 269, 323. 

Southesk, 140. 

Stafford, 135, 149, 151, 170, 174, 192, 196, 
197, 230, 234, 291, 297, 308, 310, 351, 

359, 387, 400. 
Sterling, 186. 
Strathem, 215, 324. 
Suffolk, 85, 121, 150, 231, 291.