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3 1833 01432 6414 








With Mention of many 
Associated Families. . ♦ 



isoe- lese. 


Zbe IRumtorZ) ipr* 








De Spencer, A. D. 1066. 




^ <GlXS » sXO> "^^ 


Introduction . 


Derivation of the Name Spencer 


Earliest Spencers in America 


I. Thomas Spencer .... 


II. Moses Spencer .... 


III. Moses Spencer, Junior 


IV. Humphrey Spencer 


V. Simeon Spencer 


VI. Jonathan Spencer 













Lower Landing 

Coat of Arms 

W. D. Spencer 

Old Fields . 

Great Works 

Cox Pond 

Where the First Spencers were 

Old Tosier Blockhouse 

Rocky Hills . 


Spencer's Eddy 

Humphrey Spencer's Home Lot 

Blackberry Hill . 

The Old Homestead 

Abigail (Wentworth) Spencer 

Daniel Wentworth Spencer 

Amasa Grant 

Mary Elizabeth (Spencer) Grant 

Lydia Ann (Spencer) Mathews 

Eesidence of Lydia Mathews 

Batchelder Brown Hutchins 

Nancy Fogg (Spencer) Hutchins 

Residence of B. B. Hutchins 

Alvan Butler Spencer 

Residence of A. B. Spencer 

John Willard Spencer 

Frank Spencer 




1(/. ^ . afv^^z<M^ 


Ill recalling the lives of our ancestors it has 
been my effort to give nothing that would tend 
to mislead the judgment of the reader, or create 
an midne conception of the magnitude of the 
undertaking. Three hundred years is no incon- 
siderable period to review with regard to per- 
sonal history, much less with hopes of literary 
success. The investigation is rendered more 
difficult from the fact of its being a search in a 
new coimtry for a family, whose name is old 
enough to be widely disseminated as a patrony- 
mic. As we cannot in this enlightened age, like 
the ancients, pretend to be sprung irom gods, 
Ave must have a lineage bearing our present 
name extending back to the remote ages, even to 
the days of William the Conqueror. It may 
seem incredible that onr ancestors have lived in 
this country since the time of Shakespeare and 
Spenser, the great poet. All that remains to 
us now of the history of our fathers, is to be 


slowly gleaned from the scanty and imperfect 
annals of those periods, in a hostile and desolate 
region. Althongh time has effaced many land- 
marks in the history of ancient ^ew England 
families, yet some records still snrvive the 
decay of centuries to form for us a background 
to all its pristine rigor and strangeness. Local 
histories, parish registers of births, marriages, 
and deaths, and town records have been the 
sources of this inquiry. Few, whose precedents 
have left no authentic accounts or strong tradi- 
tions of their origin in the multitude of individ- 
uals associated by kinship, could hope to be 
more successful than the author of this sketch. 

Many of the authorities cited are not men- 
tioned in the text, as it would require much 
space to enumerate all who are entitled to notice, 
but they are all standard or authentic writers. 
One of the most important sources has been the 
printed edition of the records of the wills and 
deeds of the county of York, to which I had 
access through the kindne-s of W. S. Mathews, 
Esq , of Berwick. 

To realize the fullness of the lives of others 
would be to live their lives again, but much may 


be recovered from which we can acquaint our- 
selves with the conditions and peculiarities 
of their existence. No pen can do justice to 
such an undertaking, or more than sketch its 
imposing- outline successfully. This outline 
has already required six years to reach its pres- 
ent stage. To those who have tried this work I 
need make no explanations, but, for those who 
may never attempt to write history or biogra- 
phy, I will say that such a task is never done, 
inasmuch as it may be constantly augmented 
by facts of importance. No account has been 
kept in our family by those who had the only 
means of keeping a full and accurate statement. 
The work is one of constant surprises for the 
investigator, in that he is frequently discovering 
clues to matters, which, while in themselves 
quite trivial, are of great importance in their 
contingency. The work is rendered more inter- 
esting from the fact that others are engaged in a 
similar undertaking. 

That there were many who had the name of 
Spencer in those times in England, may be seen 
from the list of those who came to the new 
world at the time of its settlement. It does not 


appear, however, that any of our branch ever 
returned to then' native country after settling in 

It is worthy of mention, that the family was 
connected with other families of note, who 
figured prominently in the settlement of Maine. 
Among these, for instance are such names as 
Chadbourne, Shapleigh, and Treworthy, all of 
which signify wealth and social standing. 

The history of the family in England probably 
will always remain somewhat uncertain and 
unsatisfactory from a critical standpoint. Aside 
from this uncertainty of further knowledge 
regarding our English origin, I feel satisfied that 
I have made a beginning, from which it is possi- 
ble to rear a more perfect structure, and one to 
which future generations may make becoming 
additions. Our family has not shoAvn the 
remarkable increase in descent, that some of 
those living in its neighborhood can boast. 

It seemed best to have this history published 
of convenient form and size, with bioad margin, 
so that glosses or border notes might be made 
adjacent to the original text. 

In concluding my woi'k, I think I may say, it 


has been a })leasiire to me to explore thus far 
the secrets of the forgotten past, the more so, 
perhaps, since I have a personal interest in it. 
Congratulations are due to the members of this 
family tree, that its l)ranches have been sound 
and its strength has withstood the storms of so 
many ages. 

w. D. s. 


Spencer is not an Anglo-Saxon word, bnt was 
merely borrowed from the Low Latin dispen- 
dere, ''to weigh apart." It then became the old 
French form desjjensier or desjjenser, and this 
form in tnrn became in Middle English spen- 
cere or spensere, now preserved in the proper 
name Spencer or Spenser, formei-ly Despenser. 
The meaning at this point is '' one who weighs 
ont," a "dispenser, caterer, or clerk of the 
kitchen." Hence the bnttery or cellar was 
called a spense, as it was nnder the control of 
this officer. Of conrse only honest men conld 
hold snch an office. 

The Latinized form of the name as it occnrs 
in the Doomsday Book abont A. D. 1085 is 
DisjJensafor, and wonld be hardly recognizable 
to the ordinary observer. The change from s 
to G is only a freak of exchanging consonants 
that have the same enphonic valne. Li the 


earliest documents which bear the name m this 
country the s is used. Perhaps the Enghsh 
branch, if any existed after this date, spelled 
their name with the alternative consonant. At 
any rate the seventeenth century seems to have 
been the period of transition. 


George, Boston, Massachusetts, 1639 

James, New Jersey, 1636 

Jared,* Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1634 

Haddam, Connecticut, 1()60 

John, Newbuiy, Massachusetts, 1634 

John,t East Greenwich, Rhode Ishmd, 1638 

John, alias George, York, Maine, 1646 

Michael,* Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1634 

Lynn, Massachusetts, 1638 

Haddam, Connecticut, 1650 

Roger, Charlestown, Massachusetts, 1648 

Saco, Maine, 1652 

Thomas, Virginia, 1623 

Thomas, Piscataqua (Kittery), Maine, 1630 

Thomas,* Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1632 

Hartford, Connecticut, 1638 

William, James City, Virginia, 1623 

William,* Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1632 

Hartford, Connecticut, 1639 

* Brothers, i Nephew of John of Newbury. 


In a foregoing list we have mentioned all the 
Spencers, who seem to have been present in the 
early English colonies in America. From the 
fact of locality mainly, Thomas Spencer of Pis- 
cataqua seemed to have been onr most j^robable 
ancestor. Starting with this hy])othesis of the 
anthor's, it is for the reader to judge whether 
the qnestion of descent has been demonstrated. 
It has been the intention to omit nothing of 
material importance. 

Thomas Spencer was born in England in 
1596. He was married there to Patience, 
daughter of William Chadbourne. He came to 
this conntry in the year 1630, when he was 
thirty-fonr years of age, with one of Mason's pio- 
neer bands. There is a tradition in the family, 
that he came hither with Alexander Cooper, 
who is said to have landed at Cow Cove in 
South Berwick the first cow ever brought into 
this region. Thomas evidently came in the 


Warwich, which sailed from the Downs, off the 
Kentish coast, under commission of Mason and 
Gorges, Captain Wetherell, master, March 28; 
it touched at Plymouth, England, on April 8, 
and reached Piscataqua in May. It was a vessel 
of only thirty tons burden, and carried fourteen 
pieces of ordnance. The barque Warwicl-, as 
it was called, made but few voyages after this^ 
as it was condemned as unseaworthy at Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, in 1636. Pieces of this 
early member of transatlantic service were in 
existence at an inlet called " Barque Warwich^^ 
near Commercial Point, as late as 1804. 

Thomas settled tenijDorarily at his arrival, on 
the west side of the Piscataqua. Here there 
was a house called " Mason's Hall," where the 
proprietors lodged their men, who were engaged 
chiefly in fishing, hunting, salt-making, and till- 
ing the extensive clearing. The principal crop 
was Indian maize, which was native to the soil. 

In the spring of 1634, the Pied Cow sailed 
from Portsmouth, England, in command of Wil- 
liam Stephenson. There were on board passen- 
gers and provisions for Ca|)tain John Mason's 
settlements. Henry Jocelyn came in this vessel 

.+ - 



Warivick, which sailed from the Downs, olf the 
Kentish coast, under commission of Mason and 
Gorges, Captain Wetherell, master, March 28; 
it touched at Plymouth, England, on April 8, 
and reached Piscataqua in May. It was a vessel 
of only thirty tons burden, and carried fourteen 
pieces of ordnance. The barque Warwicl', as 
it was called, made but few voyages after this^ 
as it was condemned as unseaworthy at Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, in 1636. Pieces of this 
early member of transatlantic service were in 
existence at an inlet called " Barque Wanvich" 
near Commercial Point, as late as 1804. 

Thomas settled temporarily at his arrival, on 
the west side of the Piscataqaa. Here there 
was a house called ^' Mason's Hall," where the 
proprietors lodged their men, who were engaged 
chiefly in fishing, hunting, salt-making, and till- 
ing the extensive clearing. The principal crop 
was Indian maize, which was native to the soil. 

In the spring of 1634, the Pied Cow sailed 
from Portsmouth, England, in command of Wil- 
liam Stephenson. There were on board passen- 
gers and provisions for Captain John Mason's 
settlements. Henry Jocelyn came in this vessel 


as govL'i'iior of the plantation at Newiehawan- 
nock. Among the other passengers were James 
Wall, William Chadbonrne, and John Goddard^ 
who had made a contract with Mason and his 
Laconia company on the fonrteenth of March 
preceding. By this agreement these cari)enters 
were to remain in this country live years and 
build a sawmill, gristmill, and tenement houses 
for their employer. "William Chadl^ourne was 
Thomns Spencer's father-in-law, as will ai)])ear 
later. These carpenters were to run the mills 
an.d keep them in repair. The contract is very 
long and an abstract will be sufficient. Each 
one of these gentlemen was to receive on arrival, 
three cows, four pigs, and four goats, for which 
they were to pay so much annually; each was to 
have ten acres of land for which they were to 
pay annually, at the feast of Saint Michael, the 
Archangel, a bushel of corn; besides this, they 
were to have the receipts of the mills for run- 
ning and repairing them. These men evidently 
brought some children with them at this time, 
who were hardly more than infants. The num- 
ber of women in the plantation at this date was- 
increased to twenty-two. 


The Pied Coiv arrived at Piscataqua har- 
bor July 8th, 1634; it did not, however, stop 
here long, but followed the winding course of 
the river up to IN^ewichawannoek, as the Indians 
called it, a distance of about fifteen miles. 
They passed on their left the settlement of 
Strawberry Bank, where the first explorers had 
found an abundance of unusually fine, ripe ber- 
ries growing in wild profusion along the shore. 
The place received its early name from this fact. 
The spot is now in the city of Portsmouth, ]!^ew 

On the thirteenth, the vessel cast anchor at 
Newichawannock, about half a mile below the 
fall. By the eighteenth, the ship was unladen; 
on the nineteenth, it fell down the river to get 
its load of iron ore preparatory to departure. 

The carpenters began setting up the mill on 
the tAventy-second of July, 1634. This mill 
was made in England and was one of two, the 
other being intended for Agamenticus. Francis 
Small said in a deposition in 1685, that this was 
" the first sawmill and cornmill in !New Eng- 
land." There were windmills in Massachusetts 
for grinding corn prior to this date. This mill 


Avas set in the river at the phice now ealled 
Great Works, and near the "great house" or 
" Newichawannoek House," as Mason styled it. 
Ambrose Gil)bins, Avho had charge at their 
arrival, innnediatel}^ gave place to Jocelyn. 

In add tion to what has already been said, the 
deposition of James Wall, one of the carpen- 
ters, will be interesting. It was taken in May, 
1652, when he was living at Dover, New 

" This deponent fayeth that aboute the yeare 
1634, he with his partners, William Chadbourne 
and John Goddarde, came over to New Eng- 
land vpon the accompt of Captain John Mafon 
of London, and alfo for themfelves (i. e., on 
their own account) , and were landed at Newich- 
awannoek, vpon certaine lands there which Mr. 
Goieflem (Jocelyn), Captaine Mafon's agent, 
brought them vnto, Avith the ladinge of fome 
goodes; and there they did builde vpp, at a fall 
there (called by the Indian name Afbenbedick) 
for the vfe of Cai)taine Mafon & themfelves, one 
faw-mill and one ftampinge-mill for corne, w'"' 
they did keep the fpace of three or foure 
years next after; and this deponent faith fur- 


ther, he built one hoiife vpon the lame lands, 
and foe did William Chadbonrne an other & 
gave it to his fonne-in-law, Thomas Spencer, 
who now lives in it; and this deponent alfo 
fayth, that we had peaceable and quiet pofeffion 
of that land for the vfe of Captaine Mafon 
afforefaide, and that the faid agente did buye 
fome planted ground of fome Indians which 
they had planted vpon the faide land, and that 
Captaine Mafon's agente's fervants did break up 
and clear certaine lands there and planted corns 
vpon it, and all this is to his beft rememberance- 
Janies Wall fworne whoe affirmed vpon his 
oath that the ^^mifes was true. 
Sworne before me 

George Smyth." 

On their arrival, the carpenters wei'e received 
and entertained at the " great house " at New- 
ichawannock. The other servants were dis- 
charged by the agent, Mr. Gibbins, after they 
had received their pay in beaver skins at twelve 
shillmgs per pound-weight. The cows, pigs, 
and sheep, which Mason had sent over, were 
kept near this same building until the land 


should l)e allotted, and other houses construet- 
ed. The ship sailed for home the sixth 
of August, laden with stone, supposed to 
contain iron from a mine about one mile beloAV 
the " great house."" 

It must have been hard for these peoi)le, who 
had just come from the security of their quiet 
English homes, to be left here by this vessel. 
But they must have foi-gotten their longings for 
old England, somewhat, in the hurry of their 
toil. The '' great honse" at Kewiehawannock 
was fortified more strongly after their arrival, 
and that with the storehouses near it, was 
surrounded by a strong palisade. About the 
palisade were mounted six cannon, and within 
was an abundance of small arms and ammuni- 
tion. A well had been ditg in this space. 

A list of the early settlers has been handed 
down to us, but, unfortunately, it is not dated. 
It must have been as late as 1634, howevei-, 
as some of the men came at that date into the 
province. The list reads: 

Thomas Cammock, Thomas "Withers, 

William Raymond, Thomas Canney, 

Francis Williams, John Symonds, 




Thomas \Yannerton, 

John Peverly, 

Henry Josselyii, 

Thomas Moore, 

George Yaiiglian, 

Alexander Jones, 

Francis Norton, 

James ]^ewt. 

Ralph Gee, 

Francis Matthews, 

Henry Gee. 

Franc's Rand, 

Sampson Lane, 

James Johnson, 

Walter ]N"eal, 

Anthony Ellins, 

Reginald Furnald, 

John Growth er, 

William Cooper, 

Henry Sherbnrn, 

Henry Longstaff, 

John Goddard, 

Hugh James, 

Henry Baldwin, 

William Brackett, 

Thomas Fnrrall, 

William Brakin, 

Thomas Herd, 

Jeremiah Walford, 

Roger Knight, 

Thomas Walford, 

William Seavey, 

Thomas Chatterton. 

William Berry, 

John Williams, 

James Wall, 

Thomas Fernald, 

John Ault, 

Thomas Spence7\ 

Joseph Beal, 

William Chadbourne, 
Humphrey Chadbourne, 
William Chadbourne, Ji*. 

About fifty men all told, whose names stand 
upon this roll of honor, began the settlements of 

THE ^lAiNE srp:N('Ei;s. 27 

western Maine, and to them is due the glory of 
eolonization. Yet, to some more than others, 
belongs the praise; since some became dis- 
couraged and left district or country, others 
wandei'ed from settlement to settlement in search 
of better homes, while but a few of them, 
like Thomas Spencer, clung to the colony of 
their first choice. It required courage, per- 
severance, and energy to fight the battle of 
life against such overwhelming odds. Few 
could be expected to have the determination 
to succeed in such a situation. 

These men did not come here in those 
early days from strictly religious motives like 
the Puritans or the so-called Pilgrim Fathers of 
Massachusetts. Thomas came from purely busi- 
ness motives, with hopes of an improvement 
m his affairs, yet, he was a truly religions man; 
and Captain Mason did not forget to send 
with this little company, the holy ntensils of the 
Eucharist, and we find an inventory of the silver 
cups, candles, and napkins that are attendant 
on this service in the Episcopalian church. It is 
in this form that religion found its way into 
the first settlements of the district of Maine. 


Pascataqaa, " river of angles," gave its name 
to the plantations along its borders. It inclnd- 
ed, in early years when Thomas came hither, 
Cocheco and Strawherry Bank on the western, 
and Kitttry Point ( sometimes called Piscata- 
qua from the fact of its position at the mouth). 
Sturgeon Creel:, and ^ewlchawannocTv\ on the 
eastern shore. Quampheagan was a portion 
of Newichawannock, later known as Salmon 
Falls, and included the long series of falls 
that obstruct tide-water at South Berwick. 

The early court records of the " district of 
Maine or Maigne" are interesting, for there are 
found the earliest formal allusions to its settlers. 
Their date is the year 1636. For March the 
sixth of this year, we find the following: "Will: 
Scadlock an accon of debt against Thomas 
Spencer of Piscataqua. . . Will: Scadlock 
his accon against Tho: Spencer, thus deter- 
mined: Spencer pays 18s downe and if it 
appeare that Scadlock be not satisfied of 
1£ Is 3d more, besides, Spencer gives Mr, Jo: 
Trewortliy for his security to be paide the 4th of 
Aprill, next." These records end with this year. 

Some forty-five years alter this first settle- 


ment, Francis Small, one of the early settlers, 
said in a deposition, that he knew ver}^ well 
the plantations Captain Mason had caused to 
be made at Piscataqua, Strawberry Bank, and 
NewichaAvannock, and was Avell acquainted with 
all the servants employed by Mason upon 
these plantations; and he said, also, that there 
was a great deal of stock at each of the 
plantations. Mason had even imported stock 
from Holland to introduce the best breeds of 
cattle. He attempted to encourage in every 
way the efforts of his servants. As far as 
known. Mason never visited the country himself; 
he was a resident of Poitsmouth, England, and it 
was from this fact, that the oldest settlement 
in New Hampshire received its name. Along 
the shores of Quampheagan, wild grapes grew 
in abundance, and this led him to transplant 
vines from Europe. But, although these varie- 
ties were the choicest that the continent could 
afford, they did not thrive in American soil. 
Before Mason's death in 1635, he caused to 
be built four sawmills, including the one already 
mentioned, and " sundrie houses" for his tenants 
and servants. 


The settlement at Newiehawannock was well 
supplied with arms and ammunition. Besides 
the six cannon, which were planted about the 
palisaded enclosure, there was an abundance 
of smaller weapons, such as muskets, fowling- 
pieces, pistols, and carbines in the great store- 
house. Powder was kept in large quantities 
and bullets were made as the occasion de- 
manded. A drum was used in case of danger 
as a signal to draw in all out-dwellers. For the 
first few years the means of defence seemed 
unnecessary. Captain Mason had expended 
about £'20,000 on this settlement at Berwick in 
order to establish a trading-post with the 
Indians of Laconia. There were often more 
than a hundred natives present at one time, 
bargaining for knives, beads, and fancy articles. 

From the foregoing it is evident that Thomas 
Spencer settled at the falls of Asbenbedick soon 
after his arrival in New England. After 
Mason's death his men were disbanded, and 
Thomas must have been working for himself, 
for it appears that he became engaged in the 
lumbering industry a little later. 

Thomas Spencer's dwelling Avas situated in 


what is now South Berwick, below the Great 
AYorks river near its junction with the Salmon 
Falls. It stood in the northwest corner of the 
roads leading- from Great Works to the Lower 
Landing, then called Pipestave Landing, and 
from South Berw^ick village to Kittery. The 
region here was later called Old Fields. The 
first church of Kittery north parish stood within 
a gunshot to the east. The Spencer dAvelling 
w^as large and of sawed timber from the mill at 
Great Works. In form it resembled the old 
manor houses of England and was l)uilt by 
AVilliam Chadbourne for his own nse wdiile in 
this country. When he gave it to Thomas at 
the time of his departure, he gave with it one 
half of the mill at Great Works, reserving the 
other half for his son, Humphrey Chadbourne. 
Some of the apartments mentioned are " the 
hall," the " lower " and " upper chambers," the 
"attic" and "cellar." The hall served for a 
living as well as dining-room and kitchen. 
This building was not much like those built 
later in the form of log cabins, but it partook of 
the English ideas of comfort or even elegance. 
The barn and other buildino^s were near the 


house. The land amounted original 1)^ to ten 
acres which was the quantity granted to each of 
the carpenters at an annual rental fee. But, 
when the proprietor died, the tenants no longer 
paid their rent. They still occupied the land 
upon which they had built. 

In 1643 Humphrey Chadbourne, Thomas's 
brother-in-law, bought a tract of land above the 
Great Works river of Rowles. This is the first 
Indian deed on record in Maine. It was upon 
this land that Humphrey had a farm and dwell- 
ing. The Indian reserved for himself a tract 
called Qnampheagan situated above this of 
Chadbourne's. He also reserved the right to 
fish in the weir adjoining the land. The natives 
used fish to plant corn upon. Thomas Spencer 
and his wife, Patience, were both witnesses to 
this conveyance. 

About 161:5 Mason's house wdth all the other 
neighboring buildings, which he had caused to 
be built formerly at NeAvichawannock, was 
burned to the ground. From the inventory of 
what it contained, it would appear that it had 
served as a storehouse in part in the early years. 
But as Mason had been dead for nearly ten 


years, the probability is, that :t was occupied ])y 
some of his disbanded servants. However this 
may be, we can feel certain that this incident 
served to dampen the hopes of those who knew 
of Mason's early enterprise. 

We find Thomas Si)encer mentioned as one 
of those persons who were incorporated in 1649 
under the name of the town of Kittery. 

In 1650 Thomas purchased lands of Rowles, 
also called Rowley or Holies, the sachem of 
JS'ewichawannock (Berwick), which were situ- 
ated at Quampheagan. This last name signifies 
" the place Avhere fish are taken in nets," and 
includes some land in South Berwick village. 
These lands extended up to Salmon Falls brook 
but how far back from the river may appear later. 

There were several purchases made of the 
Indians, but the deed of this one of Thomas's is 
the earliest but one on the county records. A 
copy of this deed is still in existence and is here 

" To all Christian People to whome these 
presents shall come Health and Peace in our 
Lord God everlasting. Amen. Know all Men 
by these i)resents that I, Mr. Powles, Indian 


and Sagamore of Newichewaiiaeke, have for 
Five Pounds Sterling payd to me in Hand 
by Tho: Spencer & acknowledged to be receiv- 
ed, & for Divers other good Canses & valnable 
Considerations me moving tberennto, have bar- 
gained and sonld nnto the s'' Thomas Spencer, 
his Heirs and Assignes, a Parcell of land called 
by the ]N^ame of Qnamphegan & bounded 
betwixt the Two little fresh Creeks nearest 
adjoyning nnto the same, & the uppermost 
Bounds in Length to go to the First little 
Swamp that lieth at the upper End of the 
said Ground, w*"'' Parcel of Land I the s'' Saga- 
more Mr Kowles do bind myself, my Heirs 
& Assignes, never to molest with Law or with- 
out Tho: Spencer, his Heirs or Assignes, in y*" 
Enjoying of the s'' Parcel or Portion of Land for 
euer freely. And in witness to the Truth 
hei'eof I have hereunto set my Hand this 19D: 
March 1650 in the Year of our Lord. Signed & 
delivered in the Pi-esence of Humphrey Chad- 
bourne. 1176040 

The mark of John White JV The Mark of 
Wouessefteros Whittmasse. d' M 

Sagamore Rowles." 


This land was bounded at that time by the 
Sahnon Falls brook on the northwest; by 
John Craiford's land on the northeast; by 
Humphrey Chadbourne's farm, that he bought 
of Rowles in 1643, on the southeast ( or more 
strictly by the brook next below the falls) ; and 
by the NewiclKnvannock, or Salmon Falls, river 
on the southwest. It was later called " Doctor 
Cook's land at Quampheagan," because he was 
one of its subsequent owners. Cook was a 
resident of Boston. There appears to have been 
a mill privilege upon, or incident to, this tract, 
which was called Quampheagan Falls, and is at 
present utilized by the Portsmouth Company in 
manuf\icturing cotton-goods. The Salmon Falls 
brook is used to furnish ]:»ower for a sash and 
blind factory. 

The Rowles of whom Thomas bought his 
land, was really a ])erson of considerable 
celebrity. His dwelling ])lace was in IS'ewicha- 
wannock, on the northern side of the river, 
not far from Quampheagan Falls. Here was 
his hunting-lodge or village of Avigwams with 
fields surrounding them. Some writers main- 
tain that the cellars of some of them may still he 


seen on the })lains of the bluffs above the river. 
He was quite a near neighbor to Thomas on 
the northwest, at a distance of less than a mile, 
since the house that AVilliam Chadbourne 
o-ave Thomas was not far distant from these falls 


of Quampheagan. Humphrey Chadbourne lived 
much nearer. By reason of this nearness and 
the friendly disi)ositions of the settlers, Kowles 
was always on good terms with them, and 
became softened under civilizing influences. 
He is spoken of as Mr Rowles in distinction 
from any other Indian. 

He was in subordination politically to Passa- 
conway, chief of the Pennacook Indians. All 
the neighboring chieftains, of which there were 
four, were in the same relation to Passaconway. 
But they all seem to have possessed the right 
to sell their lands to the English. 

Passaconway was inclined to be friendly to 
the settlers. In 1660, when he had become old, 
he made a great feast for his tribe, whom he 
called his children. He addressed them as a 
dying man would address those already doomed. 
'' Harken to the last words of your father and 
friend. The white men are sons of the morn- 


iiig. The Great Spirit is their father. His snn 
shines bright upon them. Sure as you light the 
fires, the breath of heaven will turn the flames 
upon you, and destroy you. Listen to my 
advice. It is the last I shall be allowed to give 
you. Remember it and live." This shows the 
general belief which had already taken posses- 
sion of their savage minds that their nation was 
to fall. 

Rowles was similarly affected with prophetic 
thoughts in his old age, and perhaps a few 
words with regard to him may serve to show 
more than anything else the cause of the early 
years of peace between the settlers and savages. 
In 1670, after he had suffered much from old 
age and sickness, he complained of the great 
neglect of the English for him. He sent a mes- 
sage for the leading men of Kittery to visit him. 
There can be no doubt that Thomas Spencer 
was one of them. When they were present — 
they were from what is now South Berwick — he 
said to them: " Being loaded with years, I had 
expected a visit in my infirmities, especially 
from those who are now tenants on the lands of 
my fathers Though all these plantations are 

THE :maine spencers. 391 

of right my ehiltlivn's, I am forced in this age of 
evils humbly to request a few hundred acres of 
land to be marked out for them and recorded as 
a public [ict in the town books, so that, when I 
am gone, they may not be perishing beggars in 
the pleasant places of their birth. For I know 
that a great war will shortly break out between 
the white men and Indians over the whole 
country. At first the Indians will kill many 
and prevail, but, after three years, they shall he 
great sufferers, and finally be rooted out aud 
destroyed utterly." 

Kot long after the purchase of the land at 
Quampheagan of Rowles there arose a discussion 
in England and these colonies as to whether 
Indian deeds should be considered valid. Some 
thonght the king alone had the right to grant 
lands by virtue of discovery. Others main- 
tained that the Indians could give the only valid 
title, since they had fixed boundaries to their 
territories, and dwelt in political divisions under 
legally appointed rulers called sagamores. 

Owing partl}^, perhaps, to this doubt as to the 
genuineness of an Indian conveyance, S]3encer 
sold Quampheagan to Thomas Broughton of 


Massachusetts. But the inhabitants of Kitteiy 
soon after ratified the sale in these words: 
" Yoted that — whereas there is a certain parcel 
of land with a fall of water at ^ewichawannock, 
within the town of Kittery, called by the name 
of Quanipheagan, which land was improved by 
an Indian, Mr. Rowles, and sold by him to 
Thomas Spencer of Newichawannock; and said 
Thomas Spencer sold said parcel of land and 
half the fall of water unto Mr. Thomas 
Bi-oug'hton — this sale was legal and is approved 
by the whole town " 

It would be ditiicult to say how many hun- 
dred acres there were in this tract bought of the 
Indian and sold to Broughton, but it surely 
included a larger part of the present area of 
Soutti Berwick village. Some of it was covered 
by heavy woods, but a portion was undoubtedh^ 
cultivated or had been Laid down in grass lands 
and meadows. 

^cw England Avas, of course, at the time 
when our ancestor settled, a vast and unbroken 
wilderness. Only here and there Avere a few 
acres of cleared ground, where the Indians had 
raised their maize. The forests were composed 


of trees centuries old and risiu"- in certain local- 
ities to the height of a hundred or two hundred 
feet. This was particularly true of this section. 
N^aturally much time and laljor were necessary 
to make a clearing in such growths as these. 
The woods supplied, on the other hand, much in 
the way of food, and the means of getting 
things which they did not contain. Moose, 
deer, and bears with much other smaller game 
were abundant in the interior. There was little 
to be feared from wild beasts, since even the 
bear always retreated before the settlers, and 
there were but few cases of their being known 
to attack children. When Thomas Spencer first 
came to New England there was an enormous 
quantity of fish in the rivers. But the building 
of mills caused the total destruction of salmon. 
The Indians used but comparatively few fish in 
summer in this region. 

The Indian's dinner in 1636 would have a 
meyiu something as follows: A handful or two 
of corn, unparched usually, and, perhaps, a small 
fish, caught with a bone hook, or speared, or 
taken in a net, and eaten without being dressed 
or cooked. When the English first came, the 



savages knew little, if anything, of the uses of 

The fact, that the Indians used no more fish 
and game than was necessary, shows the reason 
of their abundance. Thomas could shoot veni- 
son on his own land. For the purpose of hunt- 
ing he kept two small guns. Household sup- 
plies could be had in exchange for the furs that 
were constantly accumulating on his hands. 
Speculating Englishmen more than doubled 
their money by the exchange, buying household 
supplies cheap in England and selling their 
cargo of furs at almost their own terms to Eng- 
lish buyers. Even prior to Thomas's death 
avaricious men had, by making a business of 
obtaining skins, established so great a demand 
that in supplying it game began to diminish in 
this region. Of course fire-arms were more 
efiJ'ective than the arrow, spear, and tomahawk 
which was made of a sharp stone fastened to its 
handle by a withe. These arms, although used 
with proficiency by the savages, were not so 
likely to be fatal at a distance as the little 
" gunnes " then in use. 

About 1651 Thomas was given the privilege 


to cut trees in Kitteiy near the Great "Works 
river and raft thein down to the mill. He must 
have been much occupied with the lumber busi- 
ness at this time. A copy of the grant referred 
to is here given. 

'•' At a town meeting at Kittery April 8th, 
165 1 . It is ordered at this Town Meeting, 
that Thomas Spencer & Humphrey Chad- 
bourne, to them their heirs or assignes for 
ever, shall have ]N'amely Tomtinker's swampe 
& five hundred pine trees beside allotted vnto 
them by the Townsmen Avhen Mr. Leader com- 
mands/ And it is further ordered that Thom' 
Spencer & Humphrey Chadborne thejr heyrs or 
assignes for ever shall have free passage for the 
bringing of Tymljer down the little River vnto 
their saw Mill / .'' 

Soon after this, in the same year, this continu- 
ation appears: 

" Wee Townsmen of Kittery have Lotted 
vnto Humphrey Chadbourne & Thomas Spen- 
cer, thejr heyres or assignes for ever, five hun- 
dred of pine trees, that was given them at a 
Town Meeting at Kittery & stands vpon Record 
/ & Wee have given them all the rest of the 



pines that are in the same swanipe Avhere Wee 
Lotted them out / It heing the next great 
swampe, of note, & hath on the South West side 
a peece of Land lotted vnto WiUi : Spencer / 
It being bounded on the ^orth East side with 
y^ same swampe & on the South West side with 
a little swampe, that hath some pynes growing 
In it / soe the lott runnes, between the same 
bounds named, from the little River to his 
father's, Thom' Spencer's, Medow / lijng at the 
upper end of the sd lott/ ." 

Thomas had owned this meadow for some 
time when this grant was made. It was situ- 
ated at the eastern end of Cox pond, where 
the brook forms an outlet to the pond. Such 
property was not only valuable as grass land, 
but Avas fit for raising crops. The lands about 
Cox pond will be mentioned later. 

Perhaps it will not be deemed inappropriate, 
and it is really an essential feature of this sketch 
of Thomas Spencer's life, to say a few words 
of his neighl3ors, the Indians. Hardly a day 
passed when he did not see them, now that 
he had come to live in their midst. He would 
see them on the ponds, on the rivers, in the 


woods, and even at his own dwelling. Their 
dress was very meagre, consisting of skins 
before they began to use English cloth, and 
then they were not particular about its scanti- 
ness. Their canoes were of two kinds, with 
which they ventured upon the roughest seas. 
The birch canoes were made from a good 
quality of bark sewed with sinews over their 
frames. Canoes made from tree-trunks were 
shaped in the woods and then bui'ned out, the 
process recpiiring often a dozen years. These 
boats were much used by the settlers them- 
selves in those times. 

In the Indian village near Thomas's house 
they lived during the planting season. At 
othei" times they were in their hunting lodges or 
on the seashore. Their wigwams were taken 
down and jnit up by their squaws. These were 
covered with skins and mats so that not a drop 
of rain could enter, and were often fifty or sixty 
feet long. These encampments can still be 
located by their circular stone fire-places. The 
work of the braves consisted in fighting their 
battles, hunting and fishing, and making and 
mending their implements. This kept them 


much time in the woods, while the Avives tilled 
the fields. In these early years of peace 
they would enter a settler's house Avithout 
knocking and even sit doAVii Avithout l)eing 
asked to do so. 

They AA^ere very strong- and agile and lived to 
be very old. They Avere almost inclined to 
honesty in its cruder forms. HoAvever, any 
violation of the rights of oAvnership could be 
easily reported to their chief. For this reason 
Thomas Avas safe from them, and could till his 
ground and let his horses and cattle roam 
through the Avoods. The fact that he had pur- 
chased land of their chief Avas sufficient to 
secure personal safety and respect for his prop- 

In 1652 we find this list of those AAdio sub- 
mitted to the authority of Massachusetts Bay: 

" Wee Avhose names are under AA^itten doe 
acknoAvledge ourseh^es subject to the gOA^ernor 
of Massachusetts Bay, in Ncav England: 

Thomas Withers John Greene 

John Wincole Hughbert Mattome 

William Chadbourne Gowen Willson 


THE mai:ne spencees. 

Hugh Gunnison 
Thomas S^pencer 
Thomas Durston 
Robert Menclam 
Richard Thomas 
James Emerie 
Christian Remick 
]Sricholas Frost 
Charles Frost 
Humphrey Chad bourne 
Abraham Cunley 
Richard Nason 
Mary Bayhe 
Daniel Paule 
John Diamond 
George Leader 
Jonathan Symonds 
Robert Weighmouth." 

This was a list of the inhabitants of Kittery 
at this early date. The majority of these 
were heads of families like Thomas Spencer. 
Thomas's wife nee Patience Chadbourne, a 
daughter of William Chadbourne, was sister to 
Humphrey and William, Junior, whose names 
appear on this list. Thomas had three sons, 

William Palmer 
Jeremiah Shores 
John Hoord 
Thomas Sj^inney 
Nathaniel Lord 
Joseph Mile 
Nicholas Shapleigh 
Anthony Emerie 
Reynold Jenkins 
John White 
Thomas Jones 
Denis Downing 
John Andrews 
Daniel Davis 
Philip Babb 
Antipas Manerricke 
William Everett 

THE :maixe spenceus. 49 

AVilliam, Humphrey, and Moses, and four 
daughters, Margaret, Susanna, Mary, and Eliza- 
beth. The sons' ages were according to the 
order given, and Margaret was the oldest of his 
daughters and the first to be married. Her 
marriage took place about 1654 to Daniel 
Goodwin of the same town. Thomas gave to 
his daughters portions of his estate, as well as 
to his sons. This dividing of lands caused 
them to pass out of the family name. 

The following may shoAV to some extent his 
love for his children : 

" These deponents (Nicholasse Hodesden & 
his wife) being sworen saith that about fifteene 
or sixteene yeares agooe that Thomas Spencer 
being att quamphegon at the howes we then 
lived in sajd that he had given the on half of his 
half part of the mill & Timber thereunto 
belonging being on quartor part of the mill unto 
Danjell Goodin for his dafters Portjon Nick- 
hollas Hodsden & his wife replojed & said 
neyhbouer Spenser I wish you well to Consedar 
what you doe for you had many children & 
every on would have a lettell & you cannot 
give every one such a Portion & he answared & 


said that shee wase the Eldest dafter & hee had 
don yt & farther saith not:/ Upon oath Aprill, 

The town of Kittery granted Thomas two 
hmidred acres of land, which ran up to a little 
round swamp where there were trees marked 
out to him. The reason for this grant was that 
a line of division was established between Kit- 
tery and Berwick by which the Berwick people 
had the lands within three miles of the Salmon 
Falls river and Kittery proprietors took the res- 
idue. The principal claimants of Berwick were 
the Chadbournes, Lords, Goodwins, Gerrishes, 
Keys, Smiths, Spencers, and Plaisteds. This 
division is the origin of all grants to Berwick 
landowners. The " interest line " in the eastern 
])art of the town is identical with the division 
line of 1649. Beyond this line the land was 
called " Kittery Commons " until within a cen- 
tury. There is no artificial hue in the town of 
Berwick which antedates this, and it has been 
sacredly preserved. In the half century that 
followed much of the ungranted land near the 
rivers was taken, and at the time when Berwick 
became incorporated only the extreme portions 


remained ungi-anted or were reserved as town 

A grant was made to Thomas in 1G54:, Octo- 
ber 13: 

" Granted and laid out unto Tlios. Spencer, 
his heirs and assignes forever, by Select-men of 
Kittery, thirty acres of upland about Slut's cor- 
ner beginning at a Red Oak tree, which is the 
head bounds of a grant made to Mr. Richard 
Leader, and from that Red Oak north-east to 
the east path, and so by the south-east side of 
the Cart Path along the same path to the jioplar 
swamp to a marked Poplar tree that is the 
bounds of the said Spencer's two hundred acres 
laid out to his house, and for to go over the 
brook that runs down to the Fagot Bridge and 
to take until thirty aci-es be accomplished 
besides the meadow that lies within, in which 
the said Spencer hath formerly improved/' 

I have given some of these old grants chiefly 
because there may be some who would expect 
them or, not knowing of their existence, would 
like to see them. They are interesting as 
indices to the locality of Thomas's home and the 
nature of his surroundings. Some of the 


grants may be referred to in the lives of his 
descendants farther on in this work. 

In the year 1656, about harvest time, a paper 
was circnLated to get signers. This was a peti- 
tion to Cromwell asking him to prohibit the 
attempts made by the heirs of Captain Mason 
to regain possession of the Maine soil. There 
were seventy-one signers from Kittery, some of 
whom we at once recognize: 

William Scadlock, 

Humphrey Chadbonrne, 

Charles Frost, 

Mcholas Frost (mark), 

James Preble, 

Daniel Goodwin, 

Thomas Sj)encer (mark), 

Nathaniel Lord, 

William Spencer, 

Roger Plaisted, 

Francis Raynes, 

"William Symonds, 

William Raynolds, 

John Alcocke. 

A comparison of this with the preceding lists 
will show that many names are common to them 


all, but that the name of William Silencer 
occurs only in the last. He was, then, of age 
at this date, whereas the names of the other 
sons of Thomas do not appear. This Avould be 
sufficient to show that William was a landowner 
and had an interest individually in the matter. 

Thomas Silencer was a tavern-keeper, and an 
impartial one, entertaining all comers on equal 
terms. His inn was large and well furnished 
for those times, being situated near the centre 
of the settlement. There was a bar connected 
Avith the establishment, but the stronger drinks 
were prohibited by the local courts. The chief 
drink was beer which Thomas sold at four pence 
a quart. He was accused of selling liquor to 
the Indians but the charge fell through for want 
of the proper evidence to convict. 

Some writers have stated, from lack of suffi- 
cient evidence, that there were no persecutions 
in these settlements of religious sects and they 
have noted that there were no Quakers here. 
In the Boston records we find this: " The court 
orders, that Thomas Spencer (Anthony Emery 
and Richard ]!*^ason) pay as a fine to ye country 
for entertayning the Quakers the some of five 


pounds, and be disfranchised." And this occur- 
red as early as the year sixteen fifty-nine, in 
IS^ovember, as stands recorded. 

Thomas says in a deed to his daughter, Mary : 
" We Thomas Spencer of the Parish of Unitie 
in ye County of York planter and Patience my 
now wife being now or of late possessed of 
one lot of land containing by Estimation two 
hundred acres be it more or less given and 
granted unto mee ye said Thomas Spencer and 
to my heires and Assigns for ener by the 
Town grant of Ivittery, which land lyeth and 
is within ye foresaid Parrish of Unitie/ 'Now 
these presents witness that I the said Thomas 
Spencer and Patience my now wife for and 
in consideration that Thomas Etherington hath 
Married with Mary our daughter And for ye 
loue and IN'aturall affection that we ye said 
Thomas and Patience Spencer doe beare unto 
the foresaid Thomas Etherington and Mary 
his wife And for their better liuelyhood here- 
after have and by these presents giue and grant 
unto ye said Thomas Etherington and Mary his 
wife All that tract of land being by Estimation 
twelve Acres or thereabouts be it more or less as 


it is now marked and laid ont It being bound- 
ed Avith ye lands of Richd Nason on or nere 
ye South an West, And on ye !N"orth and 
West with ye Residue of Thomas Spencers land 
now in his possession And with Daniel Good- 
ings land on ye IS'orth and East, lying Directly 
by a line by Daniel Goodings land Soe ftirr as it 
lyeth adjoyning to it from ye beginning to ye 
end of it as it lyeth adjoyning And on the 
East Adjoyning to a lot of land that ye said 
Thomas Etherington lately purchased of John 
Gattinsby And there is ye dwelling house of the 
said Thomas Etherington that he built now 
Standing on ye foresaid lot Soe bounded & 
was part and parcell of the foresaid lot of 
two hundred Acres and is now in ye Possession 
of ye said Thomas Etherington." 

He says in a deed to Susanna : 

"I . . Thomas Spencer and Patience my 
now wife for and in consideration that John 
Gattinsby hath Marryed with our daughter, 
Susana, the now wife of. the said John Gat- 
tinsby, As alsoe the loue and ^aturall affection 
that we the said Thomas and Patience Spencer 
doe bear unto the foresd John Gattinsby and 


Susanna his now wife, and for their better liiie- 
lyhoocl have given and granted unto the said 
John Gattinsby and Susanna his wife, All that 
tract of land it being by Estimation twelne 
Acres or thereabouts be it more or less as it is 
now marked and laid out/ It being bounded 
with ye lands of one Richard ^N'ason on or near 
the South Side, and with ye lands of Daniel 
Gooding, & a marsh called Parkers Marsh on 
the T^orth and East/ And ye lands of Thomas 
Etherington on ye AYest according as it hath 
formerly been laid out by the sd Thomas Spen- 
cer, And is part and pcle of that foresd lot of 
two hundred Acres as aforesd granted. And is 
lying and being within ye Parish of Unitie 
aforesd & Town of Kittery." 

These deeds were both dated in 1662. John 
Gattinsby sold his part to Etherington. 

Patience Spencer was provided for in Humph- 
rey Chadbourne's will as follows: 

" It is my will that my beloved wife being my 
LawfuU executrix take spetiall Care of my sis- 
ter Spencer, & If it should soe happen yt my sis- 
ter should fall to decay, & bee in want that then 
my wife Luce Chadborn shall to her uttmost 


poller & ability supply her, & bee helpefuU to 
her at all tymes hereafter / " 

In 1663, Thomas and Patience sold all their 
land near Quampheagan, and on the south side 
of the Great Works river, to their son, William, 
for eighteen pounds. It embraced all the lands 
that lay between the Salmon Falls river and the 
field that Thomas had fenced and under cultiva- 
tion. Thomas reserved for himself and wife the 
field under cultivation — which was the home 
place — and eight acres at Cox pond. William 
being the eldest son naturally became chief heir 
to his father's property. 

Thomas Etherington and his wife died in 1664. 
We find an account of a meeting in Boston on 
the 8th of September the next year, at which 
were present the governor, the deputy governor, 
and Mr. Danforth with their recorder, Edward 
Rawson. One item of their transactions has 
the following general interpretation: 

Whereas Thomas Etherington and his wife, 
of Newichawannock, had perished in the sea 
while on their way to Boston, and the county 
court had been informed that this was so and 
that Zachariah Gillam had their chest and other 


property in his custody, the court made disposi- 
tions. Zachariah Gillam was to have a dis- 
charge from further lesponsibility after he 
should deliver the chest and goods into the 
hands of Richard "Wayte and Thomas Fitche, 
the late constable. The recipients were to bring 
a true inventory to court and to keep the goods 
in specie, in order that they might be in a posi- 
tion to respond to the court for such claims as 
should seem right. William Spencer, the son of 
Thomas Spencer, and brother-in-law of the said 
Thomas Etherington, who came before the mag- 
istrate and recorder and desired to be adminis- 
trator of Etherington's estate both at Boston 
(heer) and lying at Yorkshire, according to his 
application was granted the right, on condition 
that he would surrender a correct inventory of 
the estate in Yorkshire and give his bond to 
double the value of the whole — to the recorder. 
This last provision was a sign of good faith that 
he would administer according to law in behalf 
of the chikh'en of Thomas Etherington. He 
was also to engage his house and land in York- 
shire to the recorder for that end. When Wil- 
liam had done all this, Kichard AV ayte was to 


order Thomas Fitehe to deliver up the goods in 
specie to the custody of Thomas Spencer, wlio 
was to pay these men for their pains and answer 
the ordinary charges of six shillings apiece to 
the trustees and twelve pence to appraisers. 
This was recorded by Edward Rawson. 

Then comes the inventory of the goods of 
Thomas Etherington, deceased — received of Mr. 
Zachariah Gillam the fourteenth of the ninth 
month, 1665. It was appraised by Edward 
Fletcher, Habbacuk Glover, and Thomas Blighe, 
who deposed at Boston the seventeenth of Sep- 
tember, 1665. 

" A true Inventorye & exact accompt taken 
of the Houses, Lands & Goods with all the 
Implements thereunto Belonging of Thomas 
Etherington, Deceased, sometime Inhabitant of 
the Town of T^ewitchewanneck, whom with his 
Wife was Cast away in John Cole's Lighter in 
November, 1661:; taken by Humphrey Chad- 
borne, Richard ^ason. 

Amt. 94£ : 18." 

Wdliam Spencer deposed September ninth, 

Thus Thomas Spencer's daughter, Mary, met 


her fate. There is another sad element in this 
fact, and that is, that she left behind in her 
jonrney to Boston her two yonng danghters, 
Patience and Mary Etherington. 

Thomas Spencer gave Daniel Goodwin six 
acres of npland in 1667. It was described as 
fenced by the grantee who already had a honse 
upon it. It was bonnded entirely by the lands 
of Thomas and was a part of the two hundred 
acres of town grant. The honse was only a 
few rods distant from the paternal abode, being 
separated from it by the highway leading from 
the Lower Landing to Great Works. 

Two years later the generosity of Thomas 
was shown by his giving to William the two 
swamps that the town of Kittery had granted 
him in 1652. They were called respectively 
Tomtinker's and Great swamps and abounded in 
pine and hemlock timber. Thomas said the 
object of the transfer was " ye love and naturall 
affection that I beare vnto my Sonn William 
Spencer." He excepted one third of " the ach " 
(both) swamps for his wife Patience, who, we 
shall see, afterwards gave her thirds to Moses 


"December 13, 1069. Granted unto Thos. 
Spencer one hundred acres of upland joining to 
his Meadow at Wilcox pond as conveniently as 
may be, not hindering ye convenient laying out 
of ye land appointed for ye ministry." This 
grant was followed by an account of the survey. 
" Febuary 27, 1G71. Thos. Spencer's lot of one 
hundred acres laid out on the Sonthwest side 
of William Spencer's, one hundred and seventy 
two rods long and in breadth ninety three rods." 
Also, " Granted to Thos. Spencer his addition 
June ye 24th 1673," (twenty acres) . 

Thomas and Patience gave their son, Hum- 
phrey, and his wife, Grace, in 1676, a " Mes- 
suage " or tenement. This was for a proof of 
their parental love and affection, and also " for 
their better liveliehood." This tenement was 
surrounded by thirty acres of land and lay south- 
east of Great Works, now known as " Bur- 
leigh's Mills." It was bounded on the north- 
west by the highway leading to York and was 
only distant a few rods from Great Works. It 
was, too, a part of the two hundred acres 
granted by Kittery. 

In the 'New Hampshire papers, Yolnme I, 


under the date of 1676, are the depositions of 
several persons. One of them is " Thomas 
Spencer aged about 80 years living in ye 
Country 46 years." He stated that Captain 
" John Mason did never settle any government 
nor any people upon any land called ye 
Province of I^ew llami)shire on the south side 
of Piscatqua river either by himself or any of 
his agents to this day. And whereas Mr. 
Robert Mason his grandchild by his petition to 
his Maty (Majesty) charges ye Governors of ye 
Massachusetts or ye Bostoners, as he calls them, 
ffor taking away the government in a way of 
hostility: burning of their houses and banishing 
their people out of their dwellings," the same 
was positively false. This was testimony in 
favor of ^N'ew Hampshire and hence is found in 
their records. It was taken under oath the 
twenty-fifth day of August, 1676, " in Piscata- 
qua river in New England," by Edward Rish- 

Thomas's will reads as follows : 

"In the name of God amen/ I Thomas 
Spencer of I^ewgcAvanacke in the Townshipp of 
Kittery being sicke of body, but through the 


iiiercys of god, sound of Mind & nienioiy, and 
not knowing how soone my Change may come, 
desire to dispose of that Estate which god hath 
given nnto mee as followith, vidzt: 

" Inprs I give nnto my Eldest sonn AVilliam 
Spencer after my decease, & the decease of 
Patience my loveing wife, my now dwelHng 
house and all out houseing by It, or belonging 
to it, & all the Land adioyneing to it, being now 
in my possession & lijng on the N^orth side of 
the high way, by my sd dwelling house, whither 
it be Gardens oai'chards, pasture Meddows 
Corne Land to him the sd William Spencer my 
sonn, & to his heyres for ever; provided he i)ay 
or Cause to bee payd unto my Too daughters, 
namely Susanna & Elizabeth, with in six 
weekes, after my decease & of my loveing wife 
Patience, the full & iust sume of Tenn pounds, 
a peece in money or pay aequivolent ther unto: 
The house & sd land lijng responsable, untill 
ye Legacys abouesd bee fully payd/ 

" 21y I give to patience my loveing wife all the 
rest of my Estate, whither It bee in lands Chat- 
tels, Cattle, goods debts househould stuffs Med- 
dows &c: not mentioned as abouesd, for her to 


distribute & dispose of amongst my Children at 
her own discretion, except what I have ah'eady 
given to my Elldest sonn as abouesd / 

" Lastly I do nominate and appoynt patience 
my sd loving wife to bee my soole executrix of 
this my last will & testament / 

" In confirmation where of I have here unto 
set my hand & scale, the secund day of June in 
the yeare of our Lord one thousand six hundred 
seaventy nine / 1679 : 
Signed sealed & Delivered Thomas Spencer 

in Presence of his mark & (selie) 

Gillbard warrine his 

mark X 
George Pearson / " 

'' An Appendix to my last will & testament as 
on the other side of this paper, appeareth my 
further will in that, where as formerly I gave 
unto my sonn in law John Gattinsby who mar- 
ried my daughter Susanna a certain tract of 
land being part of that too hundred acres that 
the Town of Kitteiy granted to mee, ioyneing 
to my house lott, & the sd Gattinsby sould his 
sd right or tract of land unto my sonn in law 
Thomas Everington who married my daughter 


Mary, & the said Gattinsby was fully contented, 
& payd by the sd Evcrington my sonn in law, 
for his sd land & the sd Everington my sonn in 
law possessed the sd land his life tyme, & left it 
to his heyres; And wras (whereas) I also gave 
unto my sonn Etherington a Certen Tract of 
Land ioyneing to the land hee bought of the sd 
John Gattinsby, on which the dwelling house of 
the sayd Etherington now standeth, & both 
tracts of land contajneing about Twenty foure 
Acres, by estimation, bee It more or less, as 
they are now bounded with Richard Nason & 
the Highway on the South, AVilliam Spencers 
land on the West, Daniell Goodins land & 
Humphrey Spencers land on the North, & that 
part of my land Called Parkers Marsh on the 
East: And although some writeings have been 
Prused about the Premises, yet nothing yt I 
know^ upon record about It, & that the sd Land 
according to my true intent descend unto the 
right heyres of it, both by the sayd Etheringtons 
purchase of the sayd Gattensby in part, & my 
gift unto the sayd Etherington of the rest of the 
sd land: l!^ow my will is that the sayd Land 
with the dwelling house upon it, & all the 


appurtenances & priviledges yr (there) unto 
belonging, should bee & remajne the ])ro])er 
right & Inheritance of John Wincoll Junjor, 
sonn of John Wincoll of Kittery & of Mary his 
wife deceased, who was the daughter of my sd 
sonn in law Thomas Etherton & Mary his wife 
deceased, to have & to hould the sd tract of 
Land, dwelling house with all the appurten- 
ances, & priviledges there unto belonging to 
him the sd John Wincoll Junjor & his heyres 
lawfully begotten of his body for ever: & If 
hee dy without such lawfull heyres, my will is 
that the sd Tract of Land houseing & all appur- 
tenances & priviledges yr unto belonging shall 
bee & remajne the proper right & Inheritance of 
patience Atherton daughter unto sd Thomas 
Ethei-ington & Mary his Avife deceased, to have 
& to hould to her & her heyres for ever / In 
witness where unto I have afixed my hand & 
scale, this fifth day of June one thousand six 
hundred seaventy nine 1679 : 
Signed sealed & delivered Thomas Spencer 

in the Presence of his marke & (seaie) 

Gillbard Warrine 
his X Mark 

Georo-e Pearson / " 


Thomas died December 15, 1G81, having lived 
for fifty years in Maine. It seems that the last 
few years of his life were marked with the 
gradual dissolution of his once powerful consti- 
tution. He passed away at the ripe old age of 
eighty-five. He must have been buried in the 
quiet cemetery at Old Fields and upon his own 
land. His wife Avas well i)rovided for since her 
brother, Humphrey Chadbourne, made provision 
for her if she should ever be in need. 

The inventory is interesting — at least it is old. 
It was taken a few days after his death in 1681. 

Iniprs His weareing Cloaths 5^ : in the upper cham- 
ber, one feather bed It Coverlid blankett, i peyre 
of sheetes 2 pillows & a bowlster 3:10:00 . . o8_^ los od 

It one peyr of sheetes los 3 yds. of Cayrsey 12s a 

Carpet 3 old Chests & forme 1 6s . . . 01 18 o 

It In the lower Chamber, one featherbed, 3 blanketts 
a rugg 2 pillows It a bowlster 5^ A little Table 
Carpet oLild Chest a forme earthern dishes los . 5 10 o 

It in ye leantow, a rugg a blankett ould bedding wod- 

den dishes trays 12s trenchers 3s . . . 00 1 5 o 

It in the Hall 2 Copper kettles a brass skellett one 
warming pann It one little ket-tle & a skimmer two 
pounds . . . . . . . . 02 00 o 

It 8 pewter dishes, 8 porringers, 5 pewter potts & a 

bason 40s tS: a bason & Ure los . . . 02 10 o 

It 6 earthern dishes 5s 2 Tynn panns 2s, a silver 

Cupp & spoone 12s . . . . . . 00 17 o 


It one Iron pott fyre pann hookes & trameJl ros 

Chayrs & Table los . . . . . . oi oo o 

It Two small Gunnes at 30s in seller leantow a little 

molasses & barrells 5s . . . . . 01 15 o 

24 15 o 

It 5 swine at three pounds 9 Harrow 

teeth at Tho : Holms his 19s . 3 19 00 

24 15 00 

25 14 CO 

The home stall of house barne Oarchard & about 

tenn Acres of Land . . . . . . 100 00 o 

The rest of the Land neare the home stall supposed 

about 100 Acres . . . . . . 50 00 o 

It 100 Acres of Land by the Marsh at lower end of 

Willcocks pond . . . . . . 25 00 o 

It the Meddow about 14 Acres & 30 Acres of vpiand 

by it at . . . . . . . . 20 00 o 

It thee Cows & three foure years ould stears at . 18 00 o 

It 2 3 years ould stears 4£ too stears 3 years ould 

3£ 07 00 o 

It A Mare 30s horses in the Woods at live pounds . 06 10 o 
It 3 Chanes hooks & staples a ring for a Copp yoake 

beetle & 2 Wedgs It one peyre of Cart Wheel 

hoopes all at . . . . . . . 02 10 o 

229 00 o 
28 14 o 

257 14 o 


This list includes all the movable goods and 
real estate of Thomas Spencer, who was really 
at that time one of the few men of any consid- 
erable means in the settlements. It is evident 
that Thomas had a fair English education at 
that early da}^, although there are instances of 
his making a mark. This was the case more 
especially in his later years. The mark might 
have been due to weakness or even sickness. 

Although it has been said, that the Puritans 
were the only religious sect that came to New 
England for deeply religious purposes, this set- 
tlement at Kittery seems to have had strong- 
religious tendencies. Thomas was a deeply 
religious person and his character seems to have 
had a strong influence over his children. He 
was a generous and affectionate father. 

He may be considered one of the leading men 
of his time and locality. We can ever think of 
him with respect as one of those pioneers Avho 
helped to lay the early foundations of a country 
unequaled on earth. Whatever may have been 
his privations and hardships, he has the honor 
of promoting civilization and developing the 
resources of a land blessed with a freedom of 


possession and action. He could not know the 
fullness of that freedom. But his descendants, 
though they have inherited no lordly estates 
from him, have received through his agency an 
heirship to that liberty which is not to be pur- 
chased with estates. He has transferred them 
from a life in gloomy streets of London to the 
bright fields of New England, from the poverty 
of Europe to the wealth of America, from sub- 
jection to citizenship. Yet no monument marks 
for living men his resting place. 

Thomas Spencer is mentioned by several his- 
torians. He is referred to by Williamson in his 
history of Maine and by Sullivan in his history 
of the " District of Maine " written in 1795. 
His name is also found in Folsom's work on 
Saco and Biddeford, published in 1830. Savage 
and Farmer, the eminent genealogists, speak of 
him and give names of some of his children. 
His name occurs frecpiently in local histories 
and the records of the older portions of Kittery. 

Thomas Spencer's Avife's name was Patience 
and she seems to have well deserved it. She 
had a good education and always signed her 
name. She deeded her son Moses some land 


the year before her death which was in Novem- 
ber, 1683. Moses was then evidently living- at 

The inventory of her estate was as follows: 

Inprs weareing Cloaths & a greene Coate & wastecoate i^ los ootl 
It a Coate & waste Coate 20.s her head lining los . i lo oo 
It 2 working steers 8/^, one cow and third part of 

corne & hay in ye barne 3 : ID :oo . . . ii lo oo 

It one bed at 50s one Mare i sow & pigs 2 115 :oo .05 05 00 
It one Cow & one ^ part of her hay & Corne in ye 

barne ........ 

It one Calfe a too sows at three pounds five shilHngs 

It one Tapistrey Covering one pound five 

It one Cow & i part of her hay & Corne in the barne 

It one bowlster, one Hamacher, iv a small blankett . 02 02 00 

It 2 barrows & one small pigg 2 105 :o . . . 02 05 00 

It Two steeres 6 105 :o, one fowling Mault & a Chest 

27s . . . . . . . . . 07 12 00 

It I Table Cloath & Napkines 20s i pillowbeare & 

sheet 7s 6d . . . . . . i 07 6 

It I peyr gloves & 1000 IVI of pinns 2s 6d, 2 pewter 

platters & one spoune 7s gd one porringer & salt 

seller 2s gd . . . . . . .0130 

It lysborne dishes & a Cann silke & thred . . 00 03 6 

It one sheete los, one Chest foure shillings 3 small 

things 3s . . . . . . . . o 17 00 

to one peyre of stileyards, an iron pott & pot hookes 

one spitt one Tramill & thread . . . .01100 

It Too pewter dishes 7s 6d, a porringer I5d . .00 8 9 













40 03 


It Two drinking Cupps. i8d, 2 lysborne dishes i 
spoone & one butter pott 3s gd, one blankett ids 
one Chest 4s . . . . . . 00 19 03 

It to severall 3s, 2 chaines i peyr of Hookes and 
staple It one Neb ring & staple an ould axe & 2 
pillows & tramell i:i6:o . . . . . 01 19 00 

It one whitt aprone, one blew aprone, one whitte 

wastcoat & one blacke Haneitt Chayre, i8s .00 18 00 

It 2 pewter dishes, i small bason & a drame Cupp . 00 07 06 

It one porringer, one Cadale Cupp 2s 9d, lysborne 

dishes i spoone, 2s 3d . . . . . o 05 00 

It 2 Earthe Juggs, & silke & thread i8d, one Rugg 

IDS . . . . . . . . . GO 1 1 06 

It I Chayre Table 4s, pewter dishes & one porringer 

8s 9d . . . . . . . . 00 12 09 

It I pewter Cupp one brass skellett i8d, to lysborne 
dishes It one spoone, one earthen Jugg 2 basketts 
& I earthen pann 3s 9d . . . . . 00 05 03 

It I peece of Cayrsey fiflanill & 5 lb of Cotton Woll 00 10 00 

It one Chest 4s, 3s in small things, 2 pewter dishes 

& I porringer 8s 9d . . . . . 00 1 5 09 

It 2 small porringers 2 earthen Cupps i8d, to Lysborne 
dishes one spoone, one * * * * *, one 
earthen pann 3s 9d . . . . . . 00 05 3 

It I blankett one Chest, one barrell & in small 3s all 00 17 00 

^08 06 03 
It one l^rass Candlesticke, and Iron Candlesticke, i 

brass scimar . . . . . . . 00 08 00 

It one Iron Morter 3s, one warmeinpan 2 pillows 17s 

6d, . . . . . . . . . 01 GO 06 

It In Cash 2 :8 :9 . . . . . . . 02 08 09 


It To loo C Acres of upland Neare Willcoxs his 

bond . . . . . . . . 25 DO GO 

It halfe ye further Meddow ^£ one dripinpann iSd . 03 01 6 

It one hide at Daniel Stoons ye shoemakers . . 00 08 o 

Cloath at ye weauers the quantity unknown 

32 06 9 

This estate, which amounted in all to about 
eighty pounds, was divided among the five liv- 
ing heirs. They were her three own sons and liei 
sons-in-hiAV, Ephraim Joy and Thomas Chick. 

Joy was Susanna's second husband, her first 
husband, Gattinsby, having died a few years 
before. Thomas Chick was Elizabeth's first 
husband and after his death she married Nicho- 
las Turbet. Margaret and Mary were already 
dead, so that they had no share in the property. 

We cannot doubt that honor is due to 
Patience Spencer as well as to her husband. It 
could have been no small undertaking for a 
woman to leave a civilized community and bury 
her life and Avork in the heart of a Avilderness; 
to give up the security in which she was, for 
the vague horrors of a life among savages. 

Truly the hand from heaven must have been 
extended over this family from this time on 


through the dark days of the Indian wars which 

William, the eldest son of Thomas and 
Patience Spencer, was born about 1631. He 
was first mentioned in 1651, when he received a 
grant of land from the town of Ivittery. It lay 
just beside the great swamp which was owned 
by his father and Humphrey Chadbourne. This 
land was between the brook, that runs out of 
Cox pond, and the Great "Works river and 
amounted to about one hundred and fifty acres. 

In the year 1667 William was appointed an 
"overseer" of the last will of Mr. Humphrey 
Chadbourne. Humphrey says familiarly: 

" I do desire my Ouncle I^icholas Shapleigh 
& my Cosson John Shapleigh & my Cosson 
William Spencer to be overseers vnto this my 
last will and testament, to the utmost of their 
power to see my Will observed, & Prformed 
according to the Tenour thereof, & I doe hereby 
give vnto my Ouncle Shapleigh one very good 
beaver hatt, & to my Cosson John Shapleigh & 
William Spencer each of them a good Castor 
hatt, as good as can bee gotten for their paynes 
to see my will executed." 


The term cousin here merely sliows the rehi- 
tion, not of our word cousin, but of a near reha- 

In 1(171 a pul)lic highAvay was run through 
William's land at the north end of (Will) Cox 
pond. This is what is now called the Witchtrot 
road and leads from South Berwick to Wells. 
It was originally laid out six rods wide. 

John Heard gave William an ex[)ression of 
his esteem in 1675, when he appointed him 
" overseer " of his will : 

" I do nominate, make choice of, and appoint 
my trusty & beloved frejnds Major Nic: Sha^)- 
leigh * * * * and William Spencer * 
* * * to bee my overseers.'' 

This same year William as guardian of Mary 
Etherington, his niece, gave her, at the time of 
her marriage with Captain John Wincoll, the 
title to the lands inherited of her parents. 
Mary's mother was William's sister, Mary 
(Spencer) Ktherington. At the death of Mary, 
if she had no children, and of her husband, if 
he survived her, the land became the property 
of Patience Etherington, the sister of Mary. 
Patience was named thus for her o:randmother. 


Hence the dowery she brought to Mr. Wincoll 
was about one hundred and twenty acres with a 
dAvelling upon them. Wincoll afterwards 
became famous as captain in the Indian wars. 
He lived at Sahnon Falls (Newichawannock) 
and was quite wealthy for the times. He is 
mentioned in the life of Moses Spencer in con- 
nection with the Indian war of 1675. 

"William is mentioned in several minor rela- 
tions in 1675 and 1677. He became heir to 
much of his father's lands at South Berwick in 
1681. He gave his sister, Susanna, who was 
then married to Mr. Joy an equivalent of ten 
pounds, in compliance Avith the terms of his 
father's will. Her first husband, Gattinsby, had 
long been dead. 

In 1687 William made his will but added a 
clause to it just before his death. His nephew, 
Humphrey Spencer, who was the son of Humph- 
rey, was his heir and executor of his will. In 
the last clause Moses — son of his youngest 
brother, Moses Spencer — was a joint-heir. 

"William died about the last of March, 1696. 
As far as can be learned he was never married. 
He was a man of good business abilities and 


owned a large amount of real estate in the vicin- 
ity of the Great Works i-iver. He was a man 
of religions, generous, and honest disposition, 
and hence much like his father. He was a 
fairly good scholar and could at least write his 
own name legibly. Apparently his mother 
taught him to write, having acquired a good 
education herself in England. His home was 
for many years the same house in which his 
father lived and which he inherited with the 
paternal acres after his father's death. He 
was about sixty-five years old at his death in 

Humphrey, the second son of Thomas and 
Patience Spencer, was Ijorn in Piscataqua about 
1636. He is first mentioned in 1662, as one of 
the Avitnesses to Thomas's deeds of land to his 
sons-in-law, Etherington and Gattinsby. His 
private signature was a plain H. S. This signa- 
ture appears on Humphrey Chadbourne's will, 
to which he was a witness. It was Chadbourne 
for whom he was named. 

In 1670 he obtained a grant of land from the 
town. The next year he obtained fifty acres 
more, making in all one hundred and ten acres. 


This land lay beside his father's at Cox pond 
and was to be so Laid out as not to conflict with 
the hind reserved for the ministry. 

In 1675 he conveyed thirty acres of hind to 
Benjamin Barnard for the sum of nine pounds 
sterung. It was situated near the "river of 
Newgewanacke " and was bounded by a part of 
his own hind. 

The following year Humphrey's father gave 
him and his wife a tenement or " Messuage " 
with thirty acres of land. It was a part of the 
two hundred acres granted to his father and lay 
near Great Works on the highway leading to 
York. But he removed to Portsmouth and 
took up his residence upon Great Island in the 
harbor. The reason for his leaving Berwick 
seems to have been the trouble with the Indians 
in the previous year. In his new home he was 
ship-car])enter, innkeeper, and ferryman. He 
sold Kobert Elliot the thirty acres given him by 
his ftither; later he sold him sixty acres for ten 
pounds. This latter was a part of that before 
mentioned and was bounded by the river, or the 
commons next the 'little Newichawannock." 
In the year 1(391 Humphrey and Grace, his 


wife, appeared as witnesses to the validity of 
this sale. 

He was appointed one of the Grand Jury of 
Kittery for 1695, and the same year he bought 
baek his patrimony in South Berwiek. This 
thirty acres then l^elonged to Allen Ffuz, and 
was bounded by the lands of Daniel Goodwin, 
Captain John AVineoll, Eliakim Hutchinson, 
and Moses Spencer, all of whom except one 
were related to him. 

Humphrey died about 1700 leaving- one son, 
Humphrey, who was his heir; his wife, Grace, 
evidently died liefore him. Tliey had been mar- 
ried as early as 1676. It is evident that he died 
intestate, but a deed made by his son will 
answer our purposes. In this deed Humphrey, 
Junior, said: 

" Know Ye that I, Humphrey Spencer, now 
Resident at ^N^ichewanak in the Province of 
Maine / Son and heir to Humphrey Spencer 
Deceased, the son of Thomas Spencer of the 
same place Deceased also / have sold Thomas 
Gooding * * * * about thirty acres * * * * 
Avhich tract of land is part of that formerl}^ 
granted to my Honored Grand father Thomas 


Spencer above mentioned And by him given 
unto my afores*^ Dec*^ father Humphrey Spencer 
and to his heir which I am." This was dated 

To-day the lands of Humphrey are marked 
for us by the old cemetery on the hill near 
Quampheagan, where formerly the old church 
stood. Standing on the highest point in this 
ancient burying ground and following the 
eastern and southern horizon with the eye, 
there is, probably, not an inch of the surface that 
one of our ancestors has not owned. ]N"orth, 
and west also, as far as the rivers, and in some 
directions beyond the rivers, the same statement 
is true. Here it is probable that some of the 
early ancestors lie buried, m the mounds that 
show no signs. 

Here let them rest 
For life at best 

Must soou be o'er ; 
Here at our feet 
Their sleep is sweet, 

Who toil uo more. 


Moses, the yonng-est sou of Thomas and 
Patience Spencer, was born in the ancient 
settlement of Piscataqua, Maine, about 1642. 
That particuhir locahty where lie first saw the 
wikleruess was called at that time Newichawau- 
nock which embraced Quampheagan above the 
Great Works river and Salmon Falls. Salmon 
Falls is now to be located hj the point where 
the Boston & Maine railroad crosses the river 
into Maine. 

Moses is mentioned in 16(37 as a witness to 
Humphrey Chadbourne's will. He made his 
mark someivhat like an inverted letter S. 

The town of Kittery made him several grants 
of land, the earliest one of importance being in 
1671. This was a grant of fifty acres. He had 
also acquired other land before this In 1673 
he made a return of the fifty acres at the re- 
quest of the town. It was situated in what was 
called Kittery Commons. 


The people in those days were divided into 
three chisses: magistrates, planters or husband- 
men, and fishermen. Some were said to be both 
planters and " fishers " and others " mere fish- 
ers." There were but few mechanics among 
them; the timielor or cooper, smith and carpen- 
ter were most common and of service; but there 
weie no shopkeepers. The Massachusetts mer- 
chants supplied them with all that they needed. 
Some of these traders had large stores of Eng- 
lish goods here and there in the settlements. 
They were very exorbitant in their prices, and, 
unless they gained as much as their goods cost 
them, would })retend to be losers. English 
shoes sold for eight or nine shillings a pair; 
douglass (a kind of cloth), that Avas sold in 
England for one or two and twenty pence an 
ell, for four shillings a yard; serge worth two 
shillings a yard for six shillings; and prices 
were the same for all sorts of commodities. 

This was the market at which Moses traded 
for his necessaries. The furs taken in trapping 
Avere of value in exchange. 

The chief employment of the people of Ber- 
wick in the first century of its settlement was 


cutting masts. It was from this town that most 
of the masts were exported to England, and it 
is a peculiar fact that the size and perfection of 
the trees of this vicinity far exceeded those of 
any adjoining town or province. An example 
of this is noted with respect to a spar which was 
sent to England in 1659. and contained almost 
thirty tuns of timber. It was at that time an 
object of wonder. 

As a planter Moses was very busy. He had 
to provide for his cattle; plant and hoe corn; 
fence his o^rounds; cut and bring home fuel, 
cleave clawboards (thick clapboards) and pipe- 
staves for casks; fish for fresh-water fish; and 
go out on fowling expeditions. The fish of 
those days would be marvels of size and beauty 
in these later times. The trout even measured 
twenty-two inches. The fish called sturgeon 
were caught at Sturgeon Creek, which were 
sometimes sixteen feet long. The salmon were 
numerous in the Salmon Falls river near 
Quampheagan. There were certain tracts of 
land called fowling marshes to which each in- 
habitant had a right. The settlers as a rule 
were quite well-to-do. The water supply was 


some brook or spring, and, when this was frozen 
over or rendered inaccessible by the depth of 
snow, they used melted snow. One old writer 
says they dressed their meat in aqua coeUsfls or 
" melted snow." The same writer says farther: 
" at other times they feed upon as good ilesh, 
beef, pork, mutton, fowl, and fish as any is in 
the whole world besides," 

Up to the year 1675 there was not trouble 
enough with the Indians to deserve mention. 
All through the summer of that year the people 
had been expecting an attack. With the begin- 
ning of the harvest season the war burst forth. 
IS'o pen could do justice to the fears and feel- 
ings of horror of these people separated only by 
their cabin walls from the cruel savages without 
in the dark forests. They might expect to 
behold the gleam of weapons in their corn 
fields; to hear the howls of their bands in the 
fainter howling of the wind; to feel the blows of 
their bloody tomahawks ere they could strike a 
blow in their own defence. At the least sign of 
danger they ran to their garrisons. 

These garrisons \vere made of huge sticks of 
timber hewn square and dovetailed at the cor- 


ners of the buildings. The iipjDer stories pro- 
jected over the lower several feet for better 
means of defence in case of a sudden onrush of 

One cannot give an accurate account of the 
lives of Moses Spencer and his wife without a 
sketch of the times. The fact that they sur- 
vived them is not enough. If Elizabeth were 
living she could tell us much herself that would 
be interesting, since she was an eye witness to 
the whole. Moses, also, must have been a par- 
ticipant in these scenes, altliough the garrison 
in which he would naturally take refuge was 
below the Great Works river. The reason for 
the absence of any mention of Moses' name is 
that fortunately he did not live near those 
places of most intense action. That he was 
often disturbed by the enemy so near him can- 
not be doubted, even while he lived in a more 
fortified position. 

It has been said that the Indians were never 
to be seen near the places where they were 
about to make an attack. They made their 
attacks chiefly in the morning, approaching 
under cover of bushes and logs until they 


readied some fence or oiitl^uiUling-. They made 
no attempt upon a ])lace unless they were sure 
there would be but little resistance. 

About an arrow-shot from Salmon Falls mill 
was the home of Elizaljeth Botts and her first 
husband, Isaac. Here they owned twenty acres 
of land bordering upon Salmon Falls brook. 
They dwelt at that time near the centre of the 
settlement and Isaac ]orobably worked some of 
his time in the mill. Their farm, which evi- 
dently was partly cleared, was bought of John 
Crafford in exchange for sixty acres of wild 
land. It, too, had once been the property of 
Thomas Spencer, since it was within the limits 
of his Indian deed. Their dwelling then was 
not a garrison, and in case of danger they were 
compelled to seek refuge elsewhere. Their 
movable possessions were meagre and for util- 
ity instead of decoration. The whole list com- 
prises: a hog, a chest, an ax, some small dishes, 
an iron j^ot, a frying-pan, a spinning wheel, a 
saddle, and a harrow. This shows with how 
few luxuries young married people of 1675 
could find life worth living, and enjoy it at the 
same time. 


Situated at the upper eud of Salmon Falls 
plantation beside Salmon Falls brook, Elizabeth 
and her husband were easily induced at the first 
alarm to seek safety at the nearest garrison. 
This stronghold, built at a spot convenient of 
access and fortified by the settlers at joint ex- 
pense, was owned by the settler upon whose 
land it stood and used by him as a permanent 
dwelling. In it was harvested the larger part 
of the grain crops, and near it within its stock- 
ade was the never failing well of water. All the 
arms and ammunition not in regular use were 
stored here. When at last rumor came of trou- 
ble at Saco in the eastern settlements, they were 
compelled to leave their lonely cabin on the out- 
skirts of the i^lantation and hasten along the 
northwestern cart path to the larger clearings. 

They found other dwellings already deserted. 
Having few valuables, they had not been long 
detained in concealing them in the ground or 
hollow tree trunks. Even after reaching the 
blockhouses the settlers feared no immediate 

As it was in the full warmth and glory of 
September, the doors and windows were flung 


wide open by day to admit the cooling In-eezes 
of the forests; the music of birds and insects; 
the odor of the pines and flowers and fruits. 
These people were too much used to freedom of 
the woods to remain long imprisoned within the 
limits of a house. 

With Isaac and his wife was their only child, 
Elizabeth, who was but a few years old. She 
afterwards married Samuel Brackett of Berwick, 
and lived on a farm adjoining her mother's later 
homestead. The garrison to which Isaac and 
his family retreated was at Salmon Falls, a few 
rods above the brook of that name ; and this was 
probably the strongest blockhouse in the settle- 
ment. It was in command of Lieutenant Roger 
Plaisted, who was subordiuate only to Caj^tain 
John AVincoll, in command of the town militia. 

On the twenty-fourth day of September, 1675, 
the Indians made an attack upon the dwelling 
house of John Tozier at IN^ewichawannock. 
This house stood about a half a mile (150 rods) 
above the garrison and mills at Salmon Falls in 
Berwick. iSTear the house of Tozier stood an- 
other which had better means of defence. The 
door of the Tozier dwelling was standing wide 


open when the savages approached the house, 
and within was a number of women and children, 
amounting to fifteen in all. The attack was led 
by Andrew, of Saco, and Hopegood, of Kenne- 
bec, the two powerful i epresentatives of their 
tribes. At this time there were no men-folk to 
strike a blow in defence, since they were all on 
duty with Captain John "Wineoll, who had gone 
with the town militia, sixteen in number, to re- 
lieve the distressed inhabitants of Saco. The 
savages, taking advantage of such an uuguarded 
state of affairs, thought to gain an easy victory. 
But a young girl of eighteen, seeing their ap- 
proach and instantly divining their purpose, saw 
a way to save them. 

She swung to the heavy door and stood 
against it until the other inmates escaped to the 
more fortified house by a rear door. The In- 
dians soon succeeded in chopping the door down 
with their heavy hatchets and, entering the 
dwelling, knocked down the heroic maid, whom, 
after much beating, they left for dead on the 
floor. They then pursued the others and cap- 
tured two children who had been unable to get 
over the fence of the palisade. One of these 


children, which was only three years old, they 
dispatched on the spot but kept the other sev- 
eral months. Thns by her bravery the girl 
saved all bnt two who were in the house. She 
afterwards entirely recovered from her injuries. 

The next day toward night more of the In- 
dians gathered in the woods and fell upon the 
neighboring dwellings. Eight or ten of those 
men in the garrison — as many as could be 
S]3ared — pursued them for about a half a mile, 
but as night was coming on, they returned to 
the garrison for fear of an ambush after dark. 
Several shots had been exchanged on both sides 
and only five of the redskins had appeared. 
Later they took advantage of Captain Wincoll's 
absence, to burn his house and two barns, one 
of which was supposed to contain more than a 
hundred bushels of English corn. After doing 
this they disappeared in the forest. 

The next day the Indians appeared across the 
river and fired several shots at some who were 
grinding in the mill. Several shots were fired 
in return l)ut the distance was too great for an 
ordinary gun. Only six of the savages showed 
themselves, and that at twilight, calling the 


English '-dogs" and then running away. A 
few days later these same Indians were seen 
near Dover, burning and otherwise injuring 

One historian says: 

" These outrages thus daily committed, filled 
all the plantations about Piseataqua with fear 
and confusion; scarce any place where there 
was not reason for some to complain either of 
the loss of friends, or burning of houses; which 
caused the most of them that lived scatteringly, 
at any distance from neighbors, either to gar- 
rison their houses, or else to desert their own 
dwellings and to repair to their next neighbors 
that were better fortified than themselves; but 
all the inhabitants in parts in general were 
alarmed to stand upon their guard." 

There seem to have been feelings of univer- 
sal terror and suspense, so f^ir as this was possi- 
ble, even among those who were accustomed to 
the savage nature. 

We must say a few words of the bi'ave Cap- 
tain Wincoll with his little band of men from 
his native town, ^N'ewichawannock, who had 
gone, a few days before this attempt on their 


own settlement, to give succor to the distressed 
inhabitants of Saco. The whole band consisted 
of but sixteen men. They took their route 
along the sea-shore which was then the most 
traveled highway to the eastern settlements. 
In these days even the colonial mail was carried 
by this route from Portsmouth to Wells and 
even farther; but the mnil-carrier was a trained 
and faithful dog, which carried the mail in 
packets tied to his neck. After many years of 
dangerous employment the Indians killed the 
dog while in this noble service. 

When the company under Captain Wincoll 
were in the vicinity of Saco, they met a party of 
the enemy and lost two or three of their com- 
rades. The rest, amounting to but a dozen, 
escaped unharmed and continued on their way 
toward their destination, but when almost in 
sight of the besieged settlement, about a hun- 
dred and fifty savages attacked them upon the 
beach. Becoming hard beset by so great a 
number, the little party retreated to a heap of 
bolts near the water-side, by the shelter of 
which they lay safe from the enemy's guns. 
Here they plied their few guns so successfully 


that they slew many of the redskins and put 
them all mto a land of rout at last. After this, 
coming to the bank of the river that lies west of 
the Saco settlement, Captain Wincoll found an 
old canoe in which he and his men crossed the 
stream in safety. But nine Saco men, who had 
come out to help them on hearing the sound of 
firing, had worse success; for, as they were 
coming to the rescue, they themselves fell into 
an ambush of the enemy and were all murdered 
near the place of the first skirmish with Wincoll. 
This was easily accomplished by the Indians, 
because they themselves from the edge of the 
woods by the shore could discern any that were 
coming either way from a great distance, and so 
might easily waylay them before they could 
come up. 

Thursday, October seventh, was a day of 
fasting and prayer, and on this day it became 
plain that the Indians were still lurking al)out 
JN^ewichawannock, since a man was shot down 
while riding between two of the garrison-houses 
there. From this time the Indians began to 
gather about the settlement, and on Saturday, 
the sixteenth, about a hundred Indians made an 


early attack upon Kewichawannock. They be- 
gan their assanlt on the plantation by surprising 
a man named Tozier, who lived a half a mile 
from the upper garrison at Salmon Falls (I^ew- 
ichawannock). They killed Tozier and took 
his son captive. The report of guns alarmed 
Lieutenant Plaisted, and, fearing for their 
safety, he sent seven of his men to help those 
in need. These men had not gone for from the 
garrison, which Plaisted commanded, when they 
fell into an ambush and lost three of their num- 
ber. The remaining four escaped and returned 
to the garrison from wiiich they had come. 

At this ])oint Lieutenant Plaisted immediately 
wrote and sent the last letter he should ever 
compose. It w^as for Major Waldern of Co- 
checo (Dover, ^. H.). As this letter has some 
bearing upon the narrative of Moses Spencer's 
later life I will give it in the original words: 

'' Salmox Falls, October 16, 1(375. 

'^Mr. Richard Waldern and Lieut. Coffin, 
these are to inform you that just now the 
Indians are engaging us with at least an hun- 
dred men and have slain four of our men 


already: Richard Tozer, James Barry, Isaac 
Bottes and Tozer's son and burnt Benoni Hods- 
dan's house: Sn-s, if ever you have any love for 
us and the country, now shew yourselves with 
men to help us or else we are all in great danger 
to be slain, unless our God wonderfully appears 
for our deliverance. They that cannot fight let 
them pray : nothing else, but I rest, 
Yours to serve you 

Roger Plaisted, 
George Broughton " 

'No aid came in answer to this message, be- 
cause perhaps those who received it were in 
straitened circumstances. Isaac Bottes, the 
third man mentioned among those slain in am- 
bush, was the first husband of Moses Spencer's 
wife, Elizabeth. On the following day Lieu- 
tenant Plaisted was zealous to bring in the dead 
bodies of three men who had fallen under his 
orders, and to perform the last sad office of 
burial for them as personal friends. He ven- 
tured out of the garrison himself with twenty of 
his soldiers to fulfil this, his purpose. He had 
a pair of oxen yoked and brought to the garri- 


son and set out, not suspecting* the presence of 
the Indians. They had gone first to the most 
remote spot where the body of Richard Tozier 
lay and had put it upon the cart, but, when they 
had come back to take up the other two bodies 
which had fallen in a little swamp nearer the 
garrison, they were beset by an hundred and 
fifty Indians. This enemy were hidden in the 
bushes, behind a stone wall, and under logs 
scattered along the way. The cattle terrified 
at the report of the muskets ran to the garrison 
with such of the dead as were upon the cart. 
Lieutenant Plaisted and his men were forced to 
retreat to a place of better advantages for de- 
fence, but even here they could not stand their 
ground, so persistent were their foes. They 
shot down many of the redskins, but, becoming- 
aware of the vast superiority of numbers, made 
a good retreat and reached the garrisons in 
safety. Plaisted, however, scorning to fiee or 
yield, fought bravely until killed upon the spot. 
His eldest son and another man were killed out- 
right, and Plaisted's other son died of his 
wounds soon after. 

The next day Captain Frost with his friends 


came up from Stm-geon Creek, a few miles below 
the Great Works river, and bm*ied the dead. 
He was not molested by the Indians, although 
just before his arrival they had burned three 
houses and two barns. 

There is at the present day a tombstone near 
the old road to South Berwick, and on the land 
once belonging to Plaisted. This is near the 
scene of the battle in which he fell and the in- 
scription on the stone says : " Here lies interred, 
the body of Samuel Plaisted, Esq., who de- 
parted this life, March 20th, 1731, ^^. 36. :N'ear 
this place lies buried the body of Roger Plais- 
ted, who was killed by the Indians, October 16, 
1675, ^^. 48 years; also the body of his son, 
Mr. Roger Plaisted, who was killed at the same 

Near this same spot, although unmentioned 
on the stone, rest the remains of Isaac Botts 
(Bottes), who fell a sacrifice in behalf of the 
common cause. As was partly indicated, he was 
one of the men sent out originally to recon- 
noitre, and one of the two who fell in the little 
swamp near the house. As we saw, here the 
battle took place when the bodies were about 


to be laid on the cart. Thus they were all 
buried hastily very near this spot. In the garri- 
son near by was Isaac Botts' wife, Elizabeth. 
They could not have been married long, and the 
separation must have been an unusually sad ex- 
perience for her. She afterwards became the 
wife of our Moses and lived for ma 113^ years. 
Hence this stone lying upon the little mound in 
Berwick marks for us not only the grave of one 
nearly connected with the family by marriage, 
but it is in the vicinity of one of our great- 
grandmother's homes at the time of King 
Philip's war of 1075. 

The Richard Tozier house was situated about 
an hundred and fifty rods noi'th of Plaisted's 
grave which was made not far from his garri- 
son. After the fall of this noble family the 
])lace passed into other hands, but the Richard 
Tozier dwelling became the property of Freathy 
Spencer, grandson of Moses, and has been very 
(1893) lately in the possession of his great- 
grandson, of true lineal descent, John Spencer. 
This house originally had a high fence about it, 
and some of its timbers still are retained in a 
more modern-looking building upon the site. 




Freathy Spencer has been noted in past years 
for a peculiar feat of his younger days; for 
there is a tradition that he once killed a bear 
with a hoe while at work in his field. 

Old Tozier Blockhouse. 

A week or so after the attack on JSTewicha- 
wannock, the Indians appeared at Great Works, 
where they burned the mill belonging to Hutch- 
inson and then went on down the Salmon Falls 
river toward Sturgeon Creek, plundering what- 
ever came in their way. The redskins must 

thp: :NrAiNE sn^NOEUs. 101 

have passed within a few rods at the most of 
Thomas Si)encer's house, where Moses was 
then living. It is probable that the other sons 
of Thomas, WilHam, and Humphrey, sought 
refuge here for mutual protection. Here also 
came Daniel Goodwin, Ephraim Joy, and 
Thomas Chick, with their families, leaving their 
individual homes. At the Creek the enemy 
burned a house and killed two men not far from 
Captain Frost's dwelling. Ten of the Indians 
surprised Frost himself and came near shooting 
him, but he escaped into his house and by a 
stratagem of his saved himself and three sons. 
The deception consisted in his giving orders as 
if to a strong force of men to take up certain 
positions while his three sons kept up a rattling 
fire. These eftbrts were effectual in checking 
the onset of the Indians. 

The day following, the enemy passed down 
the river toward Kittery, and wheii opposite 
Portsmouth were greeted by the discharge of a 
cannon aimed with such precision that the pro- 
jectile fell very near them. This routed them, 
and some of the English pursued them until 
they were many miles from the settlements. A 


light fall of snow came on and rendered track- 
ing them much more easy, and the traveling- 
more difficult. The}^ overtook the enemy near 
a swamp, and so great was their haste that two 
packs were left behind. 

After the war just narrated so much in detail, 
winter came on suddenly and a heavy fall of 
snow prevented the savages from attacking the 
settlements again that year, as they were almost 
in a destitute condition themselves. The begin- 
ning of actual winter was hailed by the pioneers 
as a respite. They at once returned to their 
individual dwellings with feelings of security: 
as long as the snow lay on the ground they 
feared no renewal of hostilities. If, hoAvever, 
the snow had disappeared in a few weeks and a 
warm spell of weather had ensued, it would 
have been the Indian summer with which we 
are familiar, a season to be dreaded in those 
times, as the enemy might have returned to the 
attack. In the ensuing spring the Indians re- 
mained passive, owing perhaps to the loss of 
numbers by disease and the faihire of their first 
attempt. In this year a large party of them 
were surrounded and captured without loss of 


blood on either side. The hostile Indians were 
native to the district of Maine. Those living* in 
'New Hampshire Avere ahvays friendly to the 
whites. In the folloAving way the capture was 
made : 

The militia of ]S^ewichawainiock and Dover 
made arrangements for a grand muster at New- 
ichawannock, and invited all the neighboring 
Indians to be present. Now^ the remainder of 
the hostile Indians of the preceding year had 
made a covenant with the friendly natives, and 
had thus come under their protection. AY hen 
the day of muster came, about three hundred 
Indians were present, and with these, the hostile 
ones. Major Waldern of Dover and the other 
English proposed a sham fight for amusement, 
and the savages were induced to take part. 
Accordingly they unloaded their guns Avith this 
intent, and while getting position were sur- 
rounded by the united forces of the Dover, 
Eliot, and Berwick companies; they were 
immediately disarmed and the hostile members 

The friendly Indians, such as Wanolanset of 
Penacook, always looked upon this act as an 


infringement of the peaceable relations that had 
been acknowledged between them. 

Still further was the public safety and hope 
confirmed on the fifth of October, when the men 
were at work in the mill at Salmon Falls, on the 
Maine side, and keeping watch for any approach 
of their crafty foes. While they were watch- 
ing, they saw a canoe coming down the river 
and in it were two figures. These were found 
to be an Indian squaw and her son, who were 
rowing rapidly with the current. But when the 
canoe came in a line with the mill it struck up- 
on the boom that was stretched across the river, 
to hold back the logs in the river. Here it 
hung, and, while the squaw was trying to get it 
over the boom, the mill hands ran out on the 
logs and captured both the boat and its occu- 
pants. These proved to be the wife and son of 
the Indian known as Canonchet, a chief of the 
]^arragansetts, formerly called Nanuntenoo, as 
the sachems were in the habit of changing their 
names at each dance or powAVoh. The squaw 
stated that Canonchet had been killed by the 
Mohawks, a story that accorded well with the 
rumor of his disappearance. The captives also 


Stated tliat they liad not seen an eneanij)nient 
fire for some Aveeks to the eastward. 

An aeeount of people distressed (taxed) for 
the war in 1677 gives for New Kittery (New- 
Ichawannock) seven families containing twenty- 
seven pei'sons. 

In 1(375 we find several instances where 
Moses' land is mentioned. In 1679, too, he sold 
land and gave a deed signed with the initial M. 
The land was in Kitteiy at Newichawannock, 
and amounted to twenty acres. It was sold for 
twenty-three pounds, and was l)ounded on the 
southeast by the highwa}^ to the '' dyrtie " 
swamp, and on the southwest with the land 
of Thomas Broughton, on the northwest by 
Salmon Falls brook, and on the northeast by 
Joseph Barnard's land. This land came to 
Moses by his wife, who was tlie widow and 
heiress of Isaac Botts. Elizabeth signed her 
name to this deed of sale. This deed is of 
great hnportance to ns as a landmark in the life 
of Moses Spencer. It not only tells us the 
name of his wife but the year of his marriage, 
not otherwise discoverable. It tells ns, for all 
practical purposes, the exact locality of Eliza- 


beth's former home, below the Sahnon Falls 
brook, and less than a mile from Moses' honse 
at Qnampheag-an. By a combination of dates we 
can set the time of their marriage at 1679. 

In 1682 Patience gave Moses a deed of gift 
of some more than a hnndred acres. She 

" For love and affection I have for my 
yonngest son, Moses Spencer, I give the residue 
and remainder of the two hundred acres given 
to my late husband, Thomas Spencer by the 
town of Kittery; of which two hundred acres, 
Daniel Goodwin, Thomas Etherington, John 
Gattinsby and my second son, Humphrey, and 
others, have had each of them a part laid out to 
them; which part, property, and portion of said 
two hundred acres lyeth and is beyond the 
aforesaid lots of Daniel Goodwin, Thomas 
Etherington, deceased, and John Gattinsby, 
deceased, and Humphrey Spencer; and it lyeth 
east and south from ye abovesaid four lots of 
the four parties aforesaid and is bounded: on 
the east, or thereabouts, by Daniel Goodwin's 
land, called and connnonly known by the name 
of Slut's corner: and on the south or there- 


abouts, by land of K'eliard Nason; and runneth 
eastAvards or thereabouts, into the woods as far 
as the extent of the said two hundred acres 
goeth until it be completed. Also thirty acres 
of upland and one half meadow ground adjoin- 
ing it, lying near the land of George Gray and 
adjoining Kichard N^ason's meadoAv. Also one 
third of Tom Tinkei-'s and Great swamps by ye 
little river's side that eometh down to ye great 
mill works, or Mr. Hutchinson's mill, or saw 

Moses had a share of his mother's i)ersonal 
property at her decease. 

During the latter part of Thomas Spencer's 
life he kept a tavern or ordinary at Old Fields. 
When he died his wife. Patience, was granted 
the right to keep the tavern. This right was 
given by the courts. Innkeepers Avere for- 
bidden to keep strong drinks, even at that early 
period. Moses, Avho Avas then living Avitli his 
mother, Patience, Avas bound by the courts 
to keep order according to laAV. After his 
mother's death Moses Avent to farming on his 
own land Avhich lay in this vicinity. 

About 1690 the site of Thomas Spencer's 


tavern was occupied by a garrison. It was the 
largest in that i)arisli, accommodating ten 
families of the neighborhood; there were fonr 
soldiers, thiiteen men, and one hundred souls in 
all who sought its shelter. 

The site of Moses Spencer's house is nearh^ a 
mile to the eastward, and its recent discovery 
is a little remarkable. It was upon the laud 
which he had from his mother. In a deed to 
Samuel Brackett of land that lay southeast of 
his own housek)t, he speaks of the right-of-w\ny 
to be permitted leading from Brackett's house 
to his ow^n and thence to the country road. In 
a later deed of a small strip of ground that he 
sold Brackett, he mentions a little pond of 
water that lay east of Brackett's house where 
he then dwelt, and also his and Brackett's other 
land adjoining. The writer can show the site 
of Brackett's house, the well which ti-adition 
ascribes to him, and the little pond of water. 
The old way can still be traced. Hence the 
home of Moses Spencer was on the eastern 
slope of Pound Hill, on the way from the 
*' country road " to Rocky Hills. His neigh- 
bors were: Deacon Nathan Lord, Francis Her- 


low, Kichard Lord, James Warren, James 
Emeiy, Captain James Grant, and Richard 

Moses had two sons, Moses, Junior^ and 
Isaac. Hardly anything is recorded of Isaac. 
It is probable that they had a sister, Mary, who 
married Joseph Jones in 1707. 

Moses was grand juryman to Kittery court 
in 1715. The offenses punished by exposure 
in the ])ublic stocks and fines, more often 
with whijjpings on the bare back, were absence 
from church on Sundays, selling liquor with- 
out license, and swearing or using profane lan- 

Moses died about the year 1719. He made 
no Avill and his son, Moses, was appointed ad- 
ministrator of the estate. 

The inventoi-y of Moses Spencer's property 
was taken by John Cooper, Humphrey Chad- 
bourne, and John Hooper, in September, 1723. 

Imprimis : To the homestead Lolt of land, it being ninety 
acres of thereabouts ...... -^^225 

To twenty-five acres of out land lying on the north side of 
Great Works river . . . . . . -5 

To four acres of meadow . . . . . . .15 

To twenty acres of land lying near long marsh ... 20 


To one-third part of two log swamps — the one called b)' ye 
name of Tom Tinker's swamp, ye other called by ye name 
of ye Great Swamp . . . . . . .10 

His wife appears to liave been already dead. 
He and his wife are undoul^tedly buried in the 
old eenicter}", " in the hind of Humphrey Spen- 
cer," with his })arents; liis brother, William; his 
brothei-, Humphrey ; and his nei)hew, Humphrey. 
'No lettered stones mark the spot, and the rough 
field stones that were set by lovhig- and tear-wet 
hands have long been buried; Lke the forms 
they should have kept in perpetual memory, 
time has made them but sleeping sentinels of 
the dead unknown. 


Moses, the son of Moses and Elizabeth 
(Botts) Spencer, was born at South Berwick, 
alia^ Newichawannock, alias Upper Kittery, 
about 1680. At the time of his birth his 
parents were Hving with his grandmother, 
Patience, at '' Old Fields." He was the eldest 
of his father's children. His half-sister, Eliza- 
beth Botts, lived with them. Her father, Isaac, 
we have already noticed was killed by the; 
Indians in 1675. The savages were trouble- 
some at this period, but usually showed their 
ill-nature by maiming cattle and destroying 
crops; bloody and revengeful by nature, they 
did not hesitate at anything that could cause 
discomfort to the plantations. The district 
court decreed that all church-goers should carry 
arms to the house of worshi]) for public safety. 
When Moses was about ten years old, the situa- 

THi': :*iAiNE siven('p:i;s, 113 

tion wa« rendered more serious because tlie 
envious Catholic settlers to the north were de- 
sirous of destroying- Avhat Protestants had sur- 
vived the former war. To accomplish this i)ur- 
pose a Frenchman, named Hartel, and Hope- 
o-ood, a distant sachem, came over from the 
northeast in the month of March, traveling 
the entire journey upon snow-shoes. Under 
the directions of their French leader they ap- 
proached the Salmon Falls and secreted them- 
selves behind a hill to the north. Here they 
watched for their opportunity to fall upon the 
unsuspecting plantation of Newichawannock. 
Their band did not come in a body but had 
been separated by Hartel into little squads of 
three and four. As they began to close in 
upon the hamlet from the woods, they found 
some native Indians to associate with them in 
their undertaking. The place to which they 
were turning their attention was but a group of 
fortified dwellings extending along the road 
near the river in both directions from Salmon 
Falls mills. After waiting in hiding several 
days, during which they ate their food raw lest 
by kindling fires they might excite suspicion, 


the Indians made their attack. This was l^egan 
by Hartel with three simultaneous onsets at 
daybreak. The reality of the scene which 
immediately follow^ed was terrible in the ex- 
treme; for, although the English defended 
themselves bravely for a time, their efforts 
proved unavailing. 

Thirty men were killed outright and fifty- 
four taken captive, most of wdiom were women 
and children. The torch was applied to the 
mills, dwellings, and even the church. After 
these fiends had transformed this once peace- 
ful and thriving village into a mass of smoking 
ruins, they commenced their retreat toward the 
northwest. The last house in their path was 
that of Thomas Toogood, which they took occa- 
sion to plundei' and set fire to, killing his Avife 
and children and taking him captive. But as 
Toogood's captor uususpectiugly stood Avith his 
gun leaning against his person Avhile he Avas 
feeling in his pockets for thongs to tie him, 
taking adA^antage of his opportunity, Toogood, 
Avho stood in front of him, seized the gun, and 
pointing it at the Indian, ran backAvards until 
out of range; then coming to the river he is 

THK MAIN'K Sl'KNCEltS. 11.") 

said to have swum through the icy eurrent and 
arrived safely at the garrison at Dover. 

A party of men from this and the neiglibor- 
ing towns pursued and overtook the enemy who 
had encamped a little more than a mile to the 
north in the valley of Worster's river. I'he 
eno^agement between the two forces concealed 
on the opposite sides of the stream b}^ trees 
and underbrush, was exciting but of no decisive 
advantage to either party. Hartel expecting an 
attack, had drawn up his men on the north l)ank 
in a strong position. The conflict lasted all of 
the afternoon. Only a few were killed on both 
sides. In the night the savages succeeded in 
escaping farther into the wilderness, rendering- 
pursuit inexpedient, if not useless. 

Only seven dwellings were left of this settle- 
ment of Upper Kittery. These we.e for the 
most part to the south and east below the Great 
Works river. How mnch young Moses saw of 
the aifair it w^ould be hard to say. 

A few months later Hopegood is said to have 
again visited the place of his former massacre 
and destroyed the remnant of those who had 
escaped. This could not have been literally 


true, as we know that many survived until long^ 
after this period. It is not probable that 
Moses' father remained in the garrison through 
the planting season. 

Young Moses, when about fourteen years of 
age, was apprenticed to his uncle, Yv^illiam 
Spencer. It was customaiy in those days for 
children to serve their t:me with some Avell-to- 
do man or woman. In this case Moses earned 
his board and clothing. The work that Moses 
had to perform was of a varied character. He 
had to do farm-work, although he undoubtedly 
spent much time in fishing and hunting in the 
streams and marshes. Near his uncle's resi- 
dence were the Salmon Falls and Asbenbedick 
or Chadbourne's i-ivers and Cox pond, all noted 
for their abundance of fish. The ocean tides 
brought immense quantities of salmon and ale- 
wives to the falls adjacent to this land. Below 
his uncle's orchard was a public fowling marsh 
extending down river towards Eliot. It is 
also probable that he learned the use of the 

His uncle, William, had made his will in 1687, 
and following its general trend it would appear 


that he coukl not at this time have been a 
strong- and liealth}^ man. The paper read as 

" In the name of God Amen. The last Will and 
Testament of William Spencer, being in ^;iect 
memor^wand of a disposing mind, and being will- 
mg and desirous to Settle and dispose of what 
God hath ginen me, and to prenent trouble, not 
knoAving how Soon God may please to take me 
out of this troublesom world. I do hereby De- 
clare this to be my last Will and Testament as 
followeth : I ni]) " I doe bequeath my Soule into 
the hands of Jesus Christ my blessed Savior and 
Kedeemer, And my body to the earth to be 
Decently buried / And after my ffunerall 
Charges be Defrayed and my honest debts payd 
I doe dispose of the rest of my Estate as fol- 
loweth: 21y 1 give and bequeath all my lands, 
meadows, houses and cattle, and all my whole 
Estate both with [in] dores and with [out] 
dores unto my Loueing Nephew Humphrey 
Spencer to be my whole & Sole Executor to see 
this my Will fulfilled." 

One is sensible of ii pathetic tone even in this 
legal paper. 


On the eleventh of March, 1696, AVilliam 
made this appendix to his will: 

" My will is that after my decease my now 
sernant Moses Spencer shall well and trnly 
Serve the remainder of his time with Humphrey 
Spencer According to In Dentures, and after 
his Said time be Compleated that ye said Hum- 
phrey Spencer Shall Deliver to said Moses that 
Meadow at ye Lower end of Willcock's pond 
with ffifty acres of my land joining to the LoAver 
end of sd Marsh, whereunto I have Set my hand 
and Seal 

(his seal) 

The land given to Moses was at the outlet of 
Cox pond and is at once identified with that 
owned by his grandfather, Thomas Spencer, and 
known as his improved meadow. The fifty acres 
were a part of the original grant of one hundred 
and fifty in 1651 to William Spencer, and it lay 
near Cox pond. 

This pond is situated in South Berwick about 
half a mile below the Great Works river and on 


the southeast side of the highway called the 
" witchtrot road," which i)asses about uiidway 
between the river and the pond. The road was 
so named because of a story told of some officers 
who had arrested a man in Wells and were i e- 
turnhig* with him to prison along* this route. 
A thunder shower came up in the night while 
they were hurrying through the woods and they 
declared afterward that they had been accom- 
panied by witches, which trotted along beside 
them upon broomsticks. This road was the one 
laid out originally through the land of William 
Spencer in 1671, and it was to have been six- 
rods wide. This is the very land that Moses 
came into possession of a few months after his 
uncle's death. The ])ond is some more than 
half a mile long and hidden from the road by the 
trees with which it is completely surrounded. 
The northern shore of the pond is marshy and, 
some say, dangerous in many places on account 
of quicksands; the southern shore is more firm, 
being composed in some spots of stony banks. 
The outlet is at the eastern end. Here was 
Thomas Spencer's marsh; the grass still grows 
here and is at present of a coarse, somewhat 


serrate, marsh species. This grass was then of 
great vahie both for fodder and for thatching 
the roofs of buildings. 

The war, which had begun in 1689, closed nine 
years later with a treaty made in Portsmouth, 
N. H., with the eastern Indians. The people of 
Berwick, who had been forced to leave their 
homes at its beginning, now began to take heart 
again. The renewed settlement became daily 
more populous and thriving. Those, also, who 
had been carried to Canada began to return to 
their neglected farms and grass grown hearths. 
They told many a sad tale of their hardships in 
captivity, and later slavery, of how they were 
forced to travel long distances with insufficient 
food and little clothing, over stony trails and 
through icy streams. Many, too, had the sadder 
fates of relatives or friends to lament as well as 
their own probable fortunes. 

Moses' cousin, Mehitable Goodwin, had been 
one of the captives. She had a chikl with her 
at that time, which the savages had disposed of 
by dashing its head against a tree and hanging 
it upon a limb, telling her that it might be a 
comfort to her sometime to see it if she should 


come that way. When she i*eaehed the French 
settlements, she was compelled to marry another 
husband. She had there two children, but, 
when she was ransomed, came back to Berwick. 
Some of her Canadian descendants live in Ports- 
mouth at present. Her gravestone is in the old 
cemetery at South Berwick, and is easily found 
as it stands by itself in the centre of the most 
ancient portion of the lot with only rough field 
stones about it. 

An Indian war commenced in 1703, and on 
the twenty-sixth of September five men were 
beset by an ambushed party, and one of them 
killed, another wounded, and the rest were 
made prisoners; two houses were burned; and 
an attempt was made to capture the garrison of 
Andrew IS^eal, but it was unsuccessful. Feel- 
ing a strong tendency towards revenge, the 
savage foe burned a prisoner, Joseph King. 
The return of spring brought with it the early 
renewal of hostilities and feelings of anxious 
unceitainty and almost discouragement. And 
as Berwick was much exposed, notwithstanding 
the fact that treaties existed, there were often 
attacks on the settlements by roving parties of 


eastern Indians. January 28, 1704, is notable 
for one of those assaults. About nine or ten in 
the morning- of that day, a party of thirty or 
forty Indians made an attack on Andrew Neal's 
garrison in the lower part of Berwick, killed a 
young girl, and wounded a boy, who after- 
wards recovered and escaped to his friends. 
The savages burned nine houses, killed many 
cattle, and drew oil' with one of their own crew 
wounded or killed outright. 

As Berwick was in a critical ])osition on the 
frontier, about a hundred friendly Indians were 
posted there, who had been brought from Rhode 
Island. In spite of this arrangement, however, 
on the twenty-fourth of April IS^athaniel Header 
was shot while at work in his field, and two 
other persons were killed, while returning from 
church, by a small roving band. The people of 
the town roused to action by these repeated 
outrages, again took up arms against the sav- 
ages, and, by lying in wait in their most fre- 
quented localities, utterly routed them and de- 
stroyed many of their number. 

A few years after the close of this war, 
Moses, Junior, was married to Elizabeth Abbott 


of the parish of Unity. He reared his first 
dwelling npon a gentle eminence on the eastern 
slope of a hill npon his land at Cox pond. This 
was evidently a story and a half house and near 
it stood his barn; both strnctares were sitnated 
on the south side of the old highway from 
Quampheagan to Wells. Near the site of his 
buildings is a piece of land that tradition says 
he bought for a yoke of sparked cattle, worth in 
those days abont sixty dollars. It was in the 
shape of an ox-bow and its outline is easily 
traceable to-day by existing fences. In this 
home Moses reared the following children: 
Freathy, born about 1710, Moses, Sarah, Eliza- 
beth, Lydia, Isaac, Alice, Patience, and Hum- 
phrey. The parish register states that Moses 
and his wife, Elizabeth, were baptized as adults 
in 1719. 

About his home the trees in the low ground 
were j)ine and spruce, but on the sparser slopes 
above, and especially to the southeast, where 
rocky hills form the barrier, grew hardwood 
varieties of oak and walnut, beech and maple. It 
is said that Moses used to turn his pigs loose 
among the oaks on the north side of the road to 


eat acorns, and often the wolves would come 
and devour them within sight of his dooi-. They 
were even so bold as to crawl through under his 
barn-gate and steal his lambs. So numerous 
were these pests that the town offered a bounty 
for their extermination. 

From Moses' dwelling one could almost get 
a glimpse of the pond. The water near the 
shore throughout nearly its entire perimeter is 
covered with pond lilies. On the whole the 
nearer aspect of the place is pleasing; however, 
on my first visit to the locality in July, the pond 
was white with lilies, and while I was attempt- 
ing to capture one, I succeeded in startling a 
young black snake, which seemed to argue the 
presence of more near by and would give one 
instinctively a ])erhaps unduly disagreeable im- 
pression. Following the shore to the outlet, I 
climbed the low hill through the very tall grass 
and came out at the Wadley house. Around 
this were half a dozen houses unoccupied and 
nearly in ruins; these were for the most part 
very ancient in appearance, with broad chimneys 
and closed window-boards. The lookout from 
this heisrht must have been commensurate with 


the safety of its position in times of peril. The 
knoll where Moses, Junior^ lived is spoken of 
to-ckay as the place where a Spencer lived many 
years ago, and the old bricks have been many 
times tnrned np in the furrow. Yet no one now 
living ever saw the house that stood here. Its 
site is now in the northeast corner of the Wad- 
ley field. 

The British came here once when Moses was 
an old man, to get his tax by the process called 
'* distress." They took his cattle, which were of 
the most value to them, and started to drive 
them away. But they had gone but a few rods 
when Patience Wadley, who lived near by, 
stopped them with an old flintlock and made 
them give up the old gentleman's steers. 

Moses was elected juryman to Kittery court 
for several terms; he also held several other 
offices then of importance, such as surveyor of 
lumber, plank, boards, shingles, and clapboards. 

Moses gave his eldest son, Freathy, land on 
the north side of the road upon which he lived. 
Here his son built a house and the spot is 
marked for us to-day by a windmill which 
stands over the well of Freathy. The land is 


at present in the possession of the Goodwins, 
and runs from the highway to a place in the 
Great Works river, called even now Spencer's 

Moses not only did work upon his farm, but 
he was engaged somewhat in lumbering. There 
were at this time at least three sawmills in his 
vicinity: one at Great Works, one at Quamphea- 
gan Falls, and one at Salmon Falls. The one 
at Salmon Falls was built in connection with a 
gristmill, where the grain of this section was 
ground. The landings at Quampheagan were 
favorable for rafting, and both wood in skows 
and logs in rafts were put afloat here for Ports- 
mouth. Hutchinson's mill at Great Works 
seems to have had more than local importance 
and was built near a deep whirlpool, called 
"Hobs his (Hobbs') hole." Some people assert 
that such a pit exists to-day above the dam at 
Burleigh's mills. 

There was in addition to mill work the cutting 
and hauling of masts at certain seasons. The 
drawing of masts was a very common sight in 
those days. 'Every year about the middle of 
September Moses would join the mast crowds 


Avith his cattle. His way would lie along the 
well-worn logging road and into the woods at 
the back of the settlement. When they had all 
reached the spot where the mast lay, there 
would be a considerable assemblage of men 
and cattle all about the great tree. Each mast 
was shorn of the few limbs that had once graced 
its lofty crown. The lai'ge end, which would 
often measure twenty-eight inches, was raised 
upon the great logging wheels, but the top was 
allowed to drag ui)on the ground. The men then 
hitched up their oxen, one pair before the other, 
until there would be a string of thirty or more 
pairs in line before the giant tree. Several 
pairs were hitched to the trunk near the 

With many cries to their cattle, the drivers 
proceeded slowly on their way back towards 
the river and the settlement. In this way, day 
after day beheld one or more of these patriarchs 
of our forests on their way toward the coast, 
where they were to bear the sails and banners 
of the royal British navy. But, in later years, 
it was from these same forests that masts were 
to be drawn for the service of the United Colo- 


nies, and to serve them nobly as the noble old 
war-ship, America, has proved. 

The three years' Avar, known generally as Lov- 
ell's, gave the settlement at Berwick considerable 
trouble. A company of soldiers under Captain 
James Grant was continually on the lookout for 
the approach of any warlike parties of Indians. 
Fragments of the roll of his company are still 
preserved for us, but much that would have been 
very interesting is undoubtedly lost. Such old 
lists suggest much to us of the vicissitudes of 
savage warfare of those times. In the rolls of 
Ca]Dtain Grant's company from September 20 to 
October 9, 1725, appear such names as James 
Chadburn, ensign; James Goodwin, Thomas 
Gubtail, Gabriel Hambleton, Ben Bragdon, and 
Moses Spencer, sentinels. These were all of 
Berwick. In a later company of volunteers 
under Captain Grant, from October 13 to No- 
vember 14 of the same year, we find Moses 
Spencer enumerated with the rest. 

This shows that our ancestors actually took 
their part in the fighting with the Indians, and 
may have slain many of them with their own 
hands. But the savages eluded the settlers in 


many instances. Two men were killed in May, 
1723, and in April of the year following Mr. 
Thomson was killed and his son captured near 
his home on the road from Quampheagan to 
Wells at Love's brook. A boy named Stone 
was mangled and scalped near the same place, 
but he survived and lived to an old age. His 
life was miserable, for he wore a silver caul on 
his head, went only on crutches, had the nse of 
but one hand, and was subject to strong convul- 
sive fits. This all happened above the road 
upon which Moses Spencer lived and not very 
far away. The party must have been traveling 
through the Avoods and come suddenly npon 
this particular spot when crossing the main 

Between the war ending in 1726 and the one 
beginning in 17^, there was a long cessation of 
hostilities on the part of the English. But the 
French Catholics in the northeast became intol- 
erable, for they kept Indian bands constantly 
hovering about the frontiers for scalps, upon 
which they paid a large sum in bounties, and 
they often assumed command of great expedi- 
tions in person. To put an end to this state of 


anxious uncertainty, and to destroy what would 
be their ruin in the future, an enormous expedi- 
tion was planned by the IS'ew England colonies 
with the purpose of subduing a stronghold at 
Cape Breton, called Louisburg. William Pep- 
jDereil, a wealthy merchant of Kittery, a man 
highly esteemed in York county, and known 
personally to the people of Berwick, was en- 
trusted with the command. Berwick furnished 
for this crusade, as it were, an hundred and fifty 
men and several commissioned otficers. Major 
Pepperell wrote to Hill, February 21, 1745: 
" Yesterday I heard that Capt. Butter had en- 
listed fifty brave soldiers in Berwick. This news 
is like a cordial to me. The commissioned offi- 
cers of Berwick are as brave and as good men 
as any in the Province. Please tell them all 
that I sincerely value and love them. If any of 
them wish to go, give them the off'er and tell 
them to be with me to-morrow." 

Here may be inserted another letter which 
will speak for itself: 

" Cape Breton, July 10, 1745. 

" Wee the subscribers being dismissed to go 
home, do authorize Lieut. Peter Grant to receive 


our bounty money if there be any coming to us 
in taking the famous city's phmcler. 

Moses Spencer, 

Moses Butler, 

I*^athan Lord, Junior, 

Richard Gerrish, 

John JSTason, 

N^athan Good wine, 

Ephraim Joye, 

WilHam Chadbourne, Junior, 

As Moses sold much of the hind he inherited, 
I have appended a sort of documentary history 
to give some idea of its disposal His estate at 
one time must have been very large. Of his 
father's estate he sold all that came to him. 
When he died in 1746, he was not possessed of 
any real estate as appears from the f\icts. 

In the year 1710, Moses sold twenty-five acres 
of the land inherited of his uncle, to John 
Croade, and his wife, Elizabeth, joined in the 

On the twenty-first of May, 1718, we find that 
there was " measured to Moses Spencer fifty 
acres of land on the northwest side of the Great 


Works river, by virtue of a grant to his father, 
Moses Spencer, April ye 13th, 1671." This evi- 
dently refers to the land returned to the town of 
Kittery by his father. 

On '' the fourteenth of December, in the sixth 
year of King George's reign ovei- Great Brit- 
tain," Moses bought twenty-seven acres of 
Nathan Lord. On this same day, too, Moses 
sold William Lord the northern half of the fifty 
acres laid out to him ^ by virtue of a grant to his 
father, Moses Spencer, in 1671." 

In 1719 Moses sold another piece of his 
uncle's land. This deed was made by " Moses 
Spencer of ye town of Berwick, in ye county of 
York, in his Majesty's Province of ye Massachu- 
setts Bay, in IS^ew England, husbandman, and 
Elizabeth, his wife." It is described as a part of 
the fifty acres given him by his uncle, William 
Spencer, in his last will and testament, and lay 
on the north side of the road leading to Wells 
and east of the land of John Cooper. 

A road was laid out this year from the west 
side of Slut's Corner bridge, through lands of 
Thomas Goodwin and his brother, Daniel, to the 
former highway that led out of the " country 


road " through Moses Spencer's hind into tlie 
commons at the foot of Rocky Hills. 

In 1722 Moses mortgaged twenty-five acres 
of npland and eight acres of meadow to James 
and Job Emery. He afterwards settled the 
mortgage and sold the meadow, then known as 
the "long marsh," to his cousin, William. 

The following year Samuel Brackett, his half- 
sister's husband, bought a small strip of land 
lying near a little pond of water which was east 
of the house where Brackett then dwelt. This 
pond lies south of the road leading to Rocky 
Hills, above described, and is in sight of the 
railroad which passes it at Conway Junction. In 
1724, John Hooper bought about thi-ee acres of 
land of Moses, and in 1725, Peter Grant pur- 
chased thirty-four acres near Cox pond. 

Four years later he sold six acres to Daniel 
Wadley and the land is said to be situated on 
the road leading from Berwick to "Wells. He 
also sold Etherington Hearl four acres this year. 
Etherington was a son of Patience Etherington, 
who married William Hearl. 

The next conveyance is from Moses to 
Freathy Spencer, his son, in 1732. The land 


lay on the road leading from Berwiek to Wells^ 
and was bounded northeast by John Cooper's 
and Kichard Gray's; northwest by 'William 
Spencer's; southwest by the grantor's and 
Daniel Wadley's; southeast by James War- 
ren's. It was a part of the one hundred acres 
granted to William Spencer, Moses' uncle, in 1671. 
In 1732 Moses Spencer, a nephew of this 
Moses, made this release: 

" I, Moses Spencer . . of Berwick in 
Tork county, Massachusetts Bay, New Eng- 
land, laborer, have remised and released unto 
Moses Spencer, Senior, husbandman, any cause, 
matter, or thing relating to the estate of my 
Grandfother, Moses Spencer, formerly of the 
town of Kittery, alias Berwick, husbandman, 
deceased, etc. 

Moses Spencer." 

The next year Moses and Elizabeth, his wife, 
for five pounds paid by Thomas Abbott utterly 
estopped themselves fiom laying any further 
claim to any estate that was ever their father's 
or would ever afterwaids appear to be their 

THE MA INK srENCp:i;s. 137 

111 1734 Moses sold Ichabod Goodwin two 
tracts of land lying near the Kocky Hills road, 
which were all he owned north of that road. 
He also sold him a tract near the '' long- 

The next year he sold fifty acres to Freathy 
Spencer and Stephen Hardison. This land lay 
south of the Rocky Hills road. It was at that 
time the homestead of Moses. In the year 1741 
he disposed of thirty acres to Peter Staples, up- 
on which he then dwelt. This land lay on the 
Wells road. 

In 1744 Moses sold land to his son, Moses, 
and to John Tucker of South Berwick. It 
was a town grant made to Thomas Spencer in 

What remained of his property could not 
have been valuable at this period as he had no 
administrator at his death. He had sold the 
twenty acres in Tomtinker's swamp to Ichabod 
Goodwin. He had sold his rights to a division 
of town lands to Thomas Moore. Moore was a 
schoolmaster of York, who, tradition says, was 
one day riding along this road and dismounted 
from his horse to trim an apple tree by the way- 


side. The tree thrived on Moses' land, and 
was called the Moore tree ever after. 

Moses prol^ably died at the home of one of 
his children on the Witchtrot road. This lo- 
cality was then well settled. It was the home 
of " fighting Joe Spencer," Moses' grandson. 
Joseph was a very large man, actnally measur- 
ing six feet and three or four inches in height 
and weighing two hundred and thirty pounds; 
with a fist three times that of an ordinary man. 
He was wont to go to musters, and no one there 
was a match for him. One story illustrates his 
great efi^'ective ability; it was related by one 
who knew him personally, and who said of him 
that he was not easily disturbed, but when once 
aroused was hard to pacify. One day Joe, who 
was somewhat of a mariner himself, went to 
York to do some fishing off shore. While he 
was making merry with several comrades on 
the wharves, a ship came in from Havana laden, 
as all ships were wont to be then, with rum and 
molasses. These vessels often came to York 
Harbor Ijecause the port was smaller and the 
entrance fee less. The captain invited Joe to 
come aboard with his fellows and have a drink 


of punch with his crew. There Avoiild have 
been no trouble, if, after doing honor to the 
entertainer, they had left peaceably; l)ut one of 
the guests wanted some more and so he took 
the liberty to ask the mixer for an additional 
bowl. This was more than the mixer could 
endure, and, like an Englishman, feeling his 
hospitality insulted, and being some the worse 
for drink already, he used hasty language in 
conferring with the landsman. Finally he 
growled out: "You fellows come ashore and I 
will give you all the punch you want." 

Upon this the whole party landed and the 
seaman seized upon Joe as soon as he reached 
the landing. In the scrimmage Joe lost his hat 
and wallet containing about a hundred dollars 
in cash. When he had recovered possession of 
his property, he found himself engaged by his 
doughty antagonist, whom he proceeded to lay 
floundering upon his back. At this point the 
whole boat-crew attacked Joe, although at first 
disposed to be on his side. He Avrenched one 
arm from their vicelike grip and dealt powerful 
blows to right and left, until, having either 
knocked or kicked his adversaries out of the 


way, he had set his back agahist one of the 
wharf buildings. Then he licked the whole 
party, consisting of eleven men, all rough, 
hardy sailors of the fighting class. When he 
got through the vanquished were glad to slink 
away, leaving him just in a fighting mood. 

One of his friends tried to entice him to with- 
draw with the ofter of a drink, assuring him 
that he would call down the ''bully of York." 
" Bring on your ' bully of York ' and any other 
three men, the best you can find, and I am 
ready for them," said he. The so-called '' bully 
of York " lived in the near vicinity of the 
port, but pshaw ! he knew better than to touch 
Joseph Spencer, the best man at Berwick 
musters. It is such stories as these that have 
made his name a by-word among the later gen- 
erations of half a dozen towns. 

It is said, that Joseph once climbed a tree 
and took down a living, struggling wildcat, 
a feat unheard of; that he drove in a day 
from South Berwick to Portland and thence 
to Limiiigton in cold weather over rough 

None of his descendants bear the name of 


Spencer; his brother, Thomas, left no children; 
his brother, Amos, appears not to have been 
married. Some are living' in Limington, who 
saw Jose})h when he visited his brother, 
Thomas, and still remember him. 


Humphrey, a son of Moses and Elizabeth 
(Abbott) Spencer, was born in 1728, about two 
miles east of Quampheagan, on the i-oad leading 
to Wells, in South Berwick. He was the 
youngest of a large family, and this accounts for 
his leaving his ancestral lands. His brothers 
and sisters as well as himself were named for 
some former generation. He had a brother, 
Moses, taking his name from his father or 
grandfather, a sister. Patience, called after her 
great-grandmother; his name was for his uncle, 
who had it originally from Humphrey Chad- 
bourne. Quampheagan was at this time a settle- 
ment not quite a century old, and the Indians 
were still troublesome. The bold-hearted set- 
tlers had begun to spread civilization, and here 
and there among the trees appeared their cabins 
in spite of danger itself which threatened them. 
On the sunny hills appeared a fcAV acres of 
gardenland. Only a winding trail led from 


house to house, aud this was often obscured by 
the falling leaves and spills. 

Humphrey's ])arents lived in a garrison com- 
munity, l)ut their liouse seems to have been only 
a rough edihce of hewn logs. " Indeed," says 
an early Avriter, " all houses built there between 
1G90 and ITtto were of hewed logs sufficient to 
oppose force of small arms." But in times of 
greatest danger the people sought the shelter of 
some garrison. At each more fortified position 
soldiers were stationed, some at home, and some 
in the fields. As late as 1714 people took their 
arms to public worship; and in so old a settle- 
ment as Berwick at that date. The natives, 
till within a few years of that time, still came 
on long plundering expeditions or thieving 
journeys from what is now northeastern Maine. 

The savages were much feared, even while 
Humphrey was still a young man. They con- 
tinued to rove in bauds until the last of the 
eighteenth century. Of course they were to be 
seen generally in certain localities, usually near 
ponds or large streams or near the seacoast. 

This was the state of things beyond the set- 
tlement in which Humphrey lived. It is proba- 


ble that his early home was built like others of 
the blockhouse type. During the early part of 
his life he was engaged in farming, and grazing 
or raising cattle. Hunting and trapping also 
formed a very large factor in every man's exis- 
tence in those days. 

Since the land at home was to be the property 
of so many of his brothers and sisters, he early 
resolved to find a place which he could call his 
own. We see displayed in him that tendency 
so often shown by the English people to acquire 
real estate. This tendency has been inherited 
throughout the family, as well to-day as in 
Humphrey's great-grandfather's time (Thomas 
is referred to). One likes to hear the birds 
singing in his own trees, to see the stars shining 
above his own roof, to know that he treads his 
own bit of earth. This is a sacred ambition, 
and it would be bettor for the world if all felt it. 

Humphrey held his first town ofiice in Ber- 
wick in 1760. In that year he was elected a 
surveyor of lumber and also a surveyor of high- 
ways. In 1762 he was a ty thing-man, and held 
that office from that year until 1785, a period of 
over twenty years. The duty of a tything-man 

THE MAINI-: Sl'ENt'EKS. 145 

was, as a church officer, to be present in church 
on Sundays to prevent any unnecessary dis- 
turbance at the time of services. He was also 
a constable and a culler of staves for several 

Humphrey married about 1750 a daughter of 
Anthony and Mehitable Airley, whose name 
was Sarah. His wife was then living upon a 
small plantation in the " north parish," now 
Berwick, with her mother, who was a widow at 
that date. This plantation was about five miles 
from South Berwick and to the north. It is 
since known to us as the birthplace of Simeon, 
and called the " old place." It was then one of 
the inhabited spots most remote from the sea- 
coast, along- whose edge in Maine quite im- 
portant and thriving villages were springing up. 
How he came to be acquainted in this region, 
while living as he did in South Berwick, can be 
easily explained. The road u])on which the 
Airleys lived then was Avhat was called a "mast- 
road." This appellation was given it because 
the best of the pines in the interior were cut 
and drawn to Kittery and Portsmouth by this 
route. So, as drawing masts was the connnon 


business of most men then at certain times of 
the year; and as this house stood, conveniently, 
about midway of the route, so that one could 
rest his team and refresh himself here, it is not 
strange that Humphrey l^ecame known to its 
inmates. And besides, the Airleys came from 
the vicinity of his early houie only a few years 
before and must have known his parents. "We 
know that they could not have been living here 
many years before Humi)hrey's marriage be- 
cause Benjamin Chadbourne, who lived at 
Quampheagan, said in 1793, when he was 
seventy-five years old, that he then could re- 
member when there was no houee standing be- 
tween his and Canada. At the time of his 
marriage Humphrey built a house containing 
one room below and an attic. It stood on his 
mother-in-law's land near her own dwelling. 
Here he lived engaged in farming. 

It is told of him that, desiring a deed of the 
land on which he lived, he went to the pre- 
tended owner of the district and laid the case 
before him. This person, a resident of South 
Berwick, agreed to give him a quitclaim deed 
to the land on the receipt of a pair of steers that 


Humphrey had raised himself and kept in Ber- 
wick. Humphrey started out one morning* to 
deUver the steers at South Berwick. But, 
when he had only gone a part of the way, he 
fell in with a man who rather inquisitively 
asked him where he was driving them. AVhen 
the man had been informed of the whole matter, 
he told Humphrey that this grantor of the land 
had no more legal right to give a deed of the 
land than he himself had; and he said further- 
more, that if Humphrey would drive home the 
cattle, he would himself give a quitclaim deed 
of the place, which would be as legal and incon- 
testable as any other. Humphi-ey Avent back 
home but did not attempt to get the deed after 
he understood that the land was nobody's 
property more than his own. The result was 
that no deed of the place was ever draAvn up 
until Simeon, his son, obtained one. 

Upon this frontier clearing were born Hum- 
phrey's children: Sarah, 1750; Simeon, 1752; 
Ichabod, 1757; John, 1758; Joseph, 17G1; 
Lydia, 1764; Elizabeth, 17(59; Hannah, 1772. 

Besides Humphrey's own family his mother- 
in-law, commonly known as " Granny Airley," 


lived on this i)lacc. Her luisbaiicr.s naiiK' was 
Anthony Airley and he married her in 172G. 
Her maiden name Avas Mehitable Allen. They 
had several children, among whom was Joseph, 
for whom Joseph Sj^eneer was named. Her 
young-est daughter lived until within a few 
years of the nineteenth century. As '• Grainiy 
Airley " has been, perhaps, better known to later 
generations than Humphi-ey himself, it may be 
well to say a few words about her. She was 
Scotch by birth and was presumably one of the 
descendants of those Scotch ftimilies which were 
conquered in Ci'omwell's time in the north of 
Scotland and by him sent hither to dispose of 
them. They settled in the northern part of 
York which was called for this reason " Scot- 
land 23arish." 

Mehitable's parents lived in South Berwick 
near the garrisons, and, when she was a child, 
the Indians, who lived in the woods above the 
settlement, ii«ed to come to her Other's house 
for food. One of them, more friendly than the 
rest, stopped one day, while passing, and after 
eating said to Mehitable's mother in a signifi- 
cant way: 'When Indian fall on, window- 


board fall in." This was to be a signal of his 
for the family to escape to a place of safety. 
The window-board was a kind of shntter which 
served as a sash and was taken out of its frame 
by day to let in the light and air. One morn- 
ing soon after this they awoke to find that 
some one had pushed in the window-board. 
Acting upon the Indian's suggestion, the family 
immediately retreated to the garrison. That 
night the sky was lit with the glare of burning 
houses; the war had, indeed, begun in earnest. 

Mehitable lived to be very old, but seems to 
have been vigorous. The house she lived in 
during her last years was situated upon the 
edge of the same knoll upon which Humphrey's 
stood, and overlooked a marshy run now 
covered with a growth of cat-tail flags. 

The house had but one room and was sur- 
rounded by the clearing which extended for 
some distance towards the southeast. Mehitable 
had several children, one of whom settled at 
Otisfield, Maine. An old letter still exists as 
testimony of their correspondence. It bears the 
<late of 1786. 

Humphrey's children preserved a distinct 


recollection of their grandmother; Lydia, espe- 
cially, was fond of repeating her sayings. She 
had told them stories of the Indians, who had an 
encampment below her home years before, when 
she first came to live in Berwick. Her grand- 
danghter, Lydia, used to tell of an incident of a 
peculiar nature, that occurred in the old lady's 
life. It was somewhat like this: One day an old 
Indian squaw came up to Mehitable's house and 
urged her to go with her to the Indian camp, as 
her " sanap" ( husband) was sick. The squaw 
was worried about him, and wished her to see, 
and, if possible, relieve him or effect his cure. 
It was in the summer, and when they came to 
the Indian huts, there was a fire biu'uing before 
one of them, and over the fire was hung a kettle 
in the customary way. But when Mehitable 

looked into the kettle, she saw a piH^P.y- 

The squaw was boiling it to make broth for the 
sick man. It would seem unnecessary to say 
that the sick chief speedily recovered under such 
dieting as this. And yet, the Indians ate not 
only dogs, but a great variety of other animals 
obnoxious to our tastes. The savages were at 
this period rather of a thievish, than of a blood- 


thirsty disposition. These, whom we have men- 
tioned, might have been a party of the friendly 
Indians, who had been bronght to Berwick, 
in hopes that they might afford some protection 
against the hostile ones. It is probable that 
when Hnmphrey lived here the natives had 
almost entirely disappeared. And this was the 
case, notwithstanding the fact, that he lived on 
what seems to have been an old Indian trail. 

For all the inconveniences of a home in such 
a location, we cannot doubt but that Humphrey 
lived happily with his family. 

There was no well or suitable brook near by 
to supply the water for household purposes. 
There was only a hollow scooped in the ground 
in the wet season, and a distant spring in 
summer to serve for their use. Their entire 
subsistence had to be wrested from the sur- 
rounding desert-like forests. The land was 
called " comons" by those who dwelt in more 
settled regions to the southeast. 

Perhaps it will be as well to remark here, that 
the true name of Humphrey's wife's family was 
not Airley, or Early, but Earl. This has been 
suggested ])y different members of our family. 


and is probably true. But as the name is 
spelled Earley in the parish records, I have not 
felt justified in changing it. I will say, also, 
that there was a fjimily of the name of Earl in 
this vicinity at that date. 

Humphrey always kept at least one pair of the 
traditionary cattle, and, after he became too old 
to work away from home, sent out his son, John, 
to work in his stead. One of his daughters has 
been known to say, that he would i)ut even her 
to shame in dancing at huskings, and this, too, 
after he was seventy years of age. As a man, 
he was honest and frugal, and of a rather jovial 
disposition He died December 14, 1808, at the 
age of eighty years. All his children lived at 
home until mature life, when some married and 
left him. IS^either Humphrey, nor his children, 
left any definite knowledge of their ancestry, 
whether from diffidence or carelessness is not 
known. Humphrey was buried in the church- 
yard at Blackberry Hill, almost in the shadow of 
the great bell, which he had heard so many 
times, and which was tolled at his death. He 
was an early member of the church, having 
accepted the covenant in 1750. His wife, some- 


times called Elizabeth and sometimes Sarah, was 
buried in a field a quarter of a mile west of her 
home. It is yet possible to locate the spot by its 
walled enclosure. 

Their children were widely scattered, Ichabod 
and Joseph going eastward. 


Simeon, the second child of Hamphrey and 
Sarah (Airly) Spencer, was born in Berwick in 
1752. In his early youth he could not have had 
great advantages for an education, living as he 
did in a wilderness like that which surrounded 
his ftither's home. But he was a good writer for 
those times and a thorough business man. His 
autograph is here inserted. It was taken from 
his earliest writing in an old copy-book dated 

The spelling here shows that he had mastered 
his first name but spelled his second phoneti- 
cally; it was written with a stiff pen, probably a 
goose-quill. In one place in this book is the 
expression, or exhortation, " Come, Simeon ! " 
signed, John Tucker, in a strange hand. This 
would indicate that the signer for whom Simeon 


Simeon, the second child of Humphrey and 
Sarah (Airly) Spencer, was born in Berwick in 
1752. In his early youth he could not have had 
great advantages for an education, living as he 
did in a wilderness like that which surrounded 
his father's home. But he was a good writer for 
those times and a thorough business man. His 
autograph is here inserted. It was taken from 
his earliest writing in an old copy-book dated 

The spelling here shows that he had mastered 
his first name but spelled his second phoneti- 
cally; it was written with a stiif pen, probably a 
goose-quill. In one place in this book is the 
expression, or exhortation, " Come, Simeon ! " 
signed, John Tucker, in a strange hand. This 
would indicate that the signer for whom Simeon 








■^ -I A 




H ^ 


<u > 


worked was asking* him to stop writing and go 
to work. 

Simeon worked for the most part before he 
became of age upon the farm near the outskirts 
of the settlements and there were few, if any 
other, dwellings near it. To the northeast there 
was only a logging road, or, perhaps, only an 
Indian trail running into the solitary forests as 
yet unexplored. 

Soon after Simeon reached his majority he 
began to give his attention to the shoemaker's 
trade. Of course the demand for his services 
was small at first, but this district soon began to 
be settled more and more and other neighboring 
plantations had nuich work of this kind to be 
done. From the first Simeon showed a decided 
liking for his trade. He ap})renticed himself to 
John Tucker of South Berwick for three or five 
years. After his trade had been mastered he 
still continued to work for Tucker. The pay he 
received was only five dollars a month. After 
this he set up a business of his own in the north- 
ern part of the town, earning a fair subsistence 
and helping supj)ort his father's family. Speci- 
mens of his early copy-books are still extant, 


and from the beginning of the year 1776 he kept 
a day-book and ledger for ahnost fifty years. 
When war broke out with the mother coun- 
try, he was drafted for service in the American 
army. But upon its becoming known that he 
was a shoemaker, he was employed at home to 
make boots for the federal troops. The pay he 
received was in Continental money and amounted 
to only five dollars a month. 

In the year 1779 Simeon married Lydia Good- 
win of Berwick and, as his father's house had 
but one room, he caused it to be enlarged. He 
is said to have paid the carpenter employed for 
this purpose over sixty dollars in Continental 
money for a single day's work. Here he lived 
until 1789. 

It is amusing to hear that he received for his 
pay all sorts of produce when cobbling shoes for 
private families. Some of it was in the form of 
boards, hides, cloth, and potatoes. The boards 
were generally delivered at South Berwick, 
where they were sold to some responsible person 
who credited Simeon with their value. The 
hides were of course utilized largely in his 


In 1789 Simeon bonght the farm now known 
as the " old Spencer homestead," situated aljont 
a mile and a half northwest of his former home. 

The deed is here copied as it is worthy of pe- 
rusal for its antiquity, if in no other respects : 

" Know all Men by these Presents, That I, 
John Haggins of Berwick, in the County of 
York, Gentleman, in Consideration of sixty nine 
pounds three shillings lawful Money, paid me 
by Simeon Spencer of Berwick afors., Cord- 
waiuer, the Receipt whereof I do hereby ac- 
knowledge, do hereby give, grant, sell and convey 
unto the said Simeon Spencer, his heirs and as- 
signes forever, two tracts or parcels of land lying 
in said Berwick, bginning at the Highway lead- 
ing from Cranberry Meadow to little river at the 
Corner of Sam'l Furbush's farm as it now stands 
and running by sd. Furbush's land S. 50° W. 
one hundred and seven poles to lands supposed 
to be Samuel Butler's and by sd. land S. 37° E. 
twenty two poles to the land Moses Butler pur- 
chased of Daniel Edmund Haggens, by sd. land 
N. 54° E. to the sd. Highway, then by sd road 
to the beginning; likewis another tract of land 
lying on the East side of sd. Koad, bginning at 


James Gubtail's Corner and rnnning N. 53° E. 
fifty poles ahalf, then N. 53° W. seven poles by 
James Gnbtail's Land, then N. 67° W. fifty poles 
by Gubtail's & Clement's lands, then S. 46° E. 
seventeen and ahalf poles to land Moses Bntler 
bought of Daniel Edmund Haggens, then S. 
56° W. to the Highway fifteen poles from James 
Gubtail's Corner and by sd. road to the bgin- 
ning, containing by estimation twenty seven 
acres .... 

To Have axd to Hold the same to the said 
Simeon his — Heirs and Assignes to his own Use 
and Behoof forever. 

And I do covenant with the said Simeon 
Spencer, his Heirs and Assigns, forever, against 
the lawful Claims and Demands of all Persons. 
In Witness whereof I hereunto set my hand 
and seal this fourtenth day of December. A. 
Domini One thousand seven hundred Eighty 
Signed, Sealed & Delvered 

In presence of us: f John Haggens 

Benjamin Chadbourne Jr. \ Lydia Haggens 

Jeremiah Lord, : S 

A^ork D. Berwick Dec. 14th, 1789. 


The above named John Haggens . . . 
personally appeared and acknowledged this 
Instrument his free Deed 

Benj. Chadbourne, 
Before me, Just, of Peace 

When Simeon came into possession of his 
farm, there was no dwelling upon it and he built 
a low, old-fashioned house. 

About a year after the purchase, he moved 
hither with his family and plied his shoemaker's 
trade. He carried his tools tied up in his 
leathern apron and went from house to house, 
often being away from home until nightfall. 
Hardly a week-day can be found in his day- 
book when he did not earn his honest wages. 

His father and mother still lived at the '•' old 
place," and several of their children. The ])lace 
was even inhabited as late as 18.36-'39, when 
the house was demolished and only a few scat- 
tered stones now mark the spot. The inmates, 
Simeon's brother and sister, John and Lydia, 
then quite old, were removed to Simeon's home. 

Among the few old letters still in existence is 
one at this time from Dr. Low, the celebrated 


astronomer living- in South Berwick, and the 
author of Low's ahnanacs. 

" To Mr. Simeon Spencer, Berwick. Dr. 
Low's Compliments wait on Mr. Simeon Spen- 
cer. He begs he would make it Convenient to 

discharge the balance of his acct: 17/ imme- 
diately, as the Doctor is in Distress for the 
means or Cash to satisfy an execution in 15 
Days — He hopes therefore that Mr. Spencer will 
not neglect him beyond time. 
" Wednesday June 3d 1789." 

The receipt for this amount was found in the 
old desk with this letter. Some of Dr. Low's 
almanacs are still preserved among Simeon's 

Perhaps a greater curiosity is an old letter, 
which cannot be accounted for, dated in 1683. 
It was found among the other papers and is 
somewhat mutilated. It was addressed to 
James Staples of Berwick. The sender is not 
known. A person really lived, in South Ber- 
wick, then called Kittery, or Berwick in that 
particular part, bearing this name. Has this 
letter been handed down to us for a period of 


two centuries as the only material reminder of 
our early ancestors? At least it has been in 
the family a long- time. This fragment is 
worthy, from its venerable age, if for no other 
considerations, to be preserved. I will not copy 
it here as it is the significance of its being 
found in such a place rather than its substance 
which is so remarkable. It goes back to the 
time of the other Humphreys before the Indian 

Simeon was not in the habit of saying much 
about his relatives outside his father's family. 
Perhaps he w^as not enough acquainted with 
them or their affairs to justify his doing so, but 
it is evident that this is the reason that the line 
of family descent has been so long lost. He 
sometimes mentioned his cousin, Freathy. 
Freathy's father, Avhose name was Freathy also, 
and Simeon's father, Humphrey, were sons of 
Moses Spencer. Freathy, Junior^ was born only 
a year later than Simeon so that it was natural 
that one so near the same age should be better 
known to him than some of the others. The 
fact that they lived so far apart forbade very 
close, friendly acquaintance, but they must 


have met at least once a year at annual 

Several of Simeon's children had been born 
on the " old place," but about half of his family 
was acquired after he came to his new home. 

The chief causes of his coming here to live 
seem to have been his desiie for a home of his 
own and more room for his increasing family. 
The names of his children with the correct 
dates of their births, as given by Simeon him- 
self, are as follows: 

1. Daniel Spencer, born February 5, 1780. 

2. Foley (Mary) Spencer, born August 25, 1781. 

3. Nabey (Abigail) Spencer, born December 28, 1783. 

4. Aby (Abigail) Spencer, born February 18, 1786. 

5. James Spencer, born April 3, 1788. 

6. Oliver Spencer, born April 17, 1790. 

7. Jont. (Jonathan) Spencer, born September 8, 1792. 

8. Oley (Olive) Spencer, born October 10, 1794. 

9. Hanar (Hannah) Spencer, born October — , 1796. 
10. Timiothy (Timothy) Spencer, born April 15, 1799. 
I I. A son, born August 8, 1802. 

Two of these children died young, and soon 
after the birth of the last child their mother 
died. Simeon was thus left with a family of 
small children to care for, besides merely finding 


their support. lie was also appointed tax- 
collector for the north parish in Berwick, a task 
which took his time, although his other business 
called him to all parts of the town. He mar- 
ried as his second wife, in 1804, Susanna Hamil- 
ton, Avho was from all accounts of a very disa- 
greeable nature. She caused all her step- 
children to leave home except Timothy who was 
then very small. She had one child, born about 
1813, and it had its mother's disposition. This 
child died young. 

About the first of May, 1812, Simeon's house 
took fire, and the flames spread so rapidly that 
he and his wife barely escaped with their lives. 
It is related that Simeon, after having saved him- 
self from the flames, remembered that he had 
left behind his desk containing all his private 
papers and business accounts. 

He reentered the burning building and, tear- 
ing the desk from its support, dragged it to the 
window. He was unable to get out with it, and 
was so exhausted, that one of the bystanders 
drew him through the window and saved the 

The old gentleman lost, not only his home 


and clothing, but even the hair from his head in 
this fire. A few days later his neighbors took 
up a subscription reading as follows : 

Berwick, May 12, 1812. 
Mr. Simeon Spencer having lost his dwelling 
house by fire and in a manner all his temporal 
substance — stands in need of the assistance 
of the charitable and humane, who are hereunto 
— requested to subscribe their several mites — as 
they may feel disposed, " he that giveth to the 

poor lendeth to the lord." 

Joseph Hilliard — two dollars paid June 5, 

David Shaw — seventy five cents — paid — 
Joseph Prime — two dollards — 
Samuel Foss— -two dollars — paid — 
Charles Gushing — six yards & half calico — 
paid — 

John Gushing Esq. — three dollars — in boards- 
David Nichols — two dollars — 
James Fogg — one dollar — 
I*^athan Gogswell — a hat — 

With this aid and what means he had him- 
self, Simeon rebuilt his house. It is evident 


that the old gentleman felt much gratitude for 
the kindness of his neighbors. He preserved 
this old paper among the many others for which 
he had risked his life. 

In personal appearance, Simeon is at this time 
described as short, thin, and very erect ; his face 
was disfigured by a large wen on the cheek; and 
his hair was worn in a cue after the manner of 
the times. 

Much of his later life was embittered by the 
unpleasant nature of his vixenish wife. Her 
death occurred a few years before his, and 
Simeon enjoyed this peaceful period of his old 
aofe as he could not otherwise have done. His 
own children had gone away to make homes of 
their own, with the exception of Jonathan, 
whose family was already springing up around 
him. Simeon was very fond of his grandchil- 
dren, especially Daniel, the oldest. They must 
have seemed more like his own children than 
some of his own family, who had left home at 
such an early age. He a]jpears to have been as 
proud of them — perhaps justly — as he could 
have been of any children of his own. 

Some idea of the esteem, in which Simeon's 


second wife, Susanna, was held in the neighbor- 
hood where she Hved, may ])e obtained from the 
story of her death. When it was learned that 
she Avas dead, a man of the locality sprang- upon 
his horse and, in spite of the wind and cold, 
rode about the town, making known the fact, as 
he expressed it in these Avords : " The devil's 
dead." Other tales are related of her in life, 
which a century earlier would have branded her 
undoubtedly as a '' witch." 

After Simeon reached the age of eighty he 
was wont to take his axe and walk three miles 
to his most distant wood-lot and there cut and 
pile wood until noon. Then he would walk 
back home, eat his dinner, and take a stroll up 
through the orchard to the " Goodrich place." 
Coming back after a short visit, he would pick 
up a few apples near the " sheep-lot " and bring 
them liome, putting them on his desk to eat as 
he desired them. The rest of the afternoon he 
would read at his desk and doze until bedtime. 

In his later days Simeon did no work upon 
his farm but left it in the hands of his son, Jon- 


He died in 1840 at the age of eighty-eight at 
his home in Berwick. 

As a man he was honest and nnassnming and 
respected by all who knew him. 

Daniel, the oldest of his children, was married 
and lived near Sonth Berwick. He was killed, 
while at work nj^on the machinery of a mill, by 
some one's viciously hoisting the mill-gate npon 
him. He left a fomily with three danghters. 

One other occurrence in Simeon's later life 
was the sonrce of mnch sorrow for him. His 
son, Timothy, his yonngest child, ran away and 
left no knowledge of his whereabonts. Timothy 
left a family, and he ran away because he had to 
support not only his wife and child, but his 
father-in-law's family in part. His father never 
heard from him, nor any of his father's family. 
It is supposed that he settled in Massachusetts, 
and was quite wealthy 

Simeon's son, James, was perhaps, the worst 
one of the family. He was married twice and 
had a son and daughter. This man was so 
addicted to strong drink and so unprincipled 
that he invented a fictitious letter which he pre- 
tended to have come for his father from Timo- 


thy. He got in this way a little money from 
liis father by working upon his atfeetions. 
James lived in South Berwick near Great Hill. 

Oliver was married in 1831 to Abigail Grant 
and lived near his father. He had one daughter 
and died in Berwick. 

Mary married John Gowell; and Hannah, 
Benjamin Wentworth. 


Jonathan, a son of Simeon and Lyclia (Good- 
win) Spencer, was born in Berwick, Maine, at 
what is now called the '' old homestead " by the 
Spencer family. The date of his birth was 
September 8, 1792, and it seems probable that 
he was the first Spencer born npon that place. 
At this date Berwick had almost four thousand 
inhabitants and was almost as thickly settled in 
portions as it is now in 1897. 

He lost the use of one of his eyes at an early 
age. When he was too small to defend himself, 
he was playing near a hen with a brood of young 
chickens, and it was supposed that by disturbing 
her he provoked her to inflict this fearful injury 
to his sight. 

His schooling advantages were not very great 
although he could " command his hand " — to use 
an old copy text of his, — and understood arith- 
metic quite well. He attended the district 
school which was then one of the best in the 


town or, perhaps, in the connty. He was said to 
have been qnite fond of mischief in those youth- 
fnl school-days of his. Some of his ])ranks are 
still recounted but, like all such deeds, are not 
to be especially commended. 

AVhen Jonathan was about twelve years old, 
his father married the second wife and she 
caused a revulsion in the family. To escape 
from the presence of his disagreeable step- 
mother, he went to find a home upon an adjoin- 
ing farm. Here he worked for his board for 
some little time and no doubt enjoyed himself 
with the large fomily of boys that lived there. 
When he became of an age sufiicient, he began 
to work for himself. He married Abigail Went- 
worth in 1820, and settled down for life on his 
fother Simeon's farm. Here, although their cir- 
cumstances in life were not so fovorable as those 
of some of their neighbors, they lived quite 
happily and comfortably. 

Their children Avere eight in number, of whom 
the youngest, Joseph, died at the age of nine- 
teen. The names and births of these children 
are as follows: 

Daniel "Wentworth, born T^ovember 8, 1820. 


Maiy Elizabeth, born April 2, 1822. 

Lydia Ann, born August 16, 1824. 

I^ancy Fogg-, born Angust 15, 1826. 

Alvan Butler, born May 26, 1829. 

John "Willard, born December 13, 1831. 

Joseph Henry, born November 22, 1837. 

Jonathan sent these children to a private 
school, then kept in the same school-house 
where he went to get his education. The site is 
still occupied by a district school building. In 
the case of private schools the teacher was hired 
by some of the more wealthy families and each 
contributed an equal share, according to the 
number of pupils it sent, to the teacher's pay. 
In 1830, Jonathan paid Sarah Langston thirty- 
seven and a half cents for ten weeks' '^' school- 
ing"; in 1832, he paid Dorothy "Wood for 
eighteen weeks' of " schooling " at five and a 
half cents a week; and in 1836, Orrin Quimby 
received seventy-nine cents of him for " instruc- 

Jonathan's i^ecuniary circumstances were not 
of the best for the support of so large a family, 
but with the products of the woods and fields 
he succeeded in bringing up a strong and 


healthy group of children. Crops could be 
grown with less dilHculty and of a better quality 
then than now upon the same soil. Besides this 
means of support wild game was abundant. 
Vast flocks of wild pigeons and partridges were 
to be found in this vicinity. Berries also were to 
be found in the low pastures and clearings. Al- 
though berries have come to grow spontaneously 
in many of our highland pastures, the drum- 
ming of the partridge is coming to be more and 
more infrequent and the pigeon has disappeared 
altogether. A king might envy such food! 

The children began to like work at an early 
age and, as soon as they were old enough to 
support themselves, Avent away from home to 
find a living elsewhere. Jonathan and his wife 
saw all of them leave home in this way except 
the two boys, Alvan and Josej^h. The girls, 
when small, had been almost as much accus- 
tomed to work in the fields as the boys; they 
were, also, very frugal and capable house- 

Jonathan died April 21, 1854, at the age of 
sixty-one years and seven months. He had the 
reputation of being honest and kind-hearted as a 


man, and his character seems to have complied 
well with his reputation. 

His wife survived him a few years. Just 

Abigail (VVentwortii) Spencer. 

before her death, the custom of family gather- 
ings had its rise. It was the reunion of Jona- 
than's family of sons and daughters with their 
families. The first family reunion occurred at 


the " old Spencer homestead " in Berwick, on 
Thanksgiving day, 18(35. It was in honor of 
Jonathan's wife, Abigail, who was then resident 
there. It was a pleasant assembly. Abigail 
died, December 24, 1866, at the age of seventy- 
one. She was a loving and helpful wife and 
mother. She and her husband are buried in 
Evergreen cemetery, near Pine Hill. 

The next family gatherings were surprise 
visits, and took place at the homes of the chil- 
dren. The second meeting was at Elizabeth 
Grant's, at Lebanon, Maine, in the fall of 1874. 
The third happened at Lydia Mathews' in Ber- 
wick, Maine, on Thursday, ]N"ovember 25, 1875. 
The fourth was at Nancy Hutchins' home in 
Salem, New Hampshire, Wednesday, October 
23, 1876. The fifth was in honor of Daniel, 
who was then living at the old homestead in 
Berwick, on Thursday, September 27, 1883. 
The sixth Avas celebrated at John's residence in 
Stoneham, Massachusetts, Tuesday, October 14, 
1884. The seventh was at Alvan's, in Berwick, 
Saturday, October 12, 1889. 

The last series of meetings were annual 
reunions of the family of Jonathan Spencer at 


Berwick, Maine, and occnrred on the Satnrday 
before the first Monday in September of each 
year. The calendar is as follows: Elizabeth 
Grant's, at the residence of John Mathews, 
October 15, 1892; Daniel Spencer's, at the old 
homestead, September 2, 1893; Lydia Mathews', 
September 1,1894; Daniel's, August 31,1895; 
Lydia's, September 5, 1896; Daniel's, Septem- 
ber 4, 1897. 

The officers of the association are : 

President — Daniel "W. Spencer. 

Vice-president — Elizabeth Grant. 

Treasurer — N^ancy Hutchins. 

Secretary — Minnie Spencer. 

Historians — W. D. Spencer, W. S. Mathews. 

Auditor—W. S. Mathews. 



" Woe to bim whose dariug baud profanes 
Tbe bouored beirlooms of bis aucestors." 


Our family has but little that has coiiie to 
them from preceding generations. Perhaps the 
oldest article of personal property is a large 
brass warming-pan, with the initial '* E." This 
letter stands for Elizabeth, and was probably 
engraved at least one hundred and twenty years 
ago. This came from the " old place." The 
fact of Simeon's house being burned explaius 
the scarcity of later keepsakes. A pocket-book 
of Humphrey Spencer's is all that reminds us of 
him, and this was saved from the fire, probably, 
in the old desk. Simeon's desk was made of old 
timber pine, and painted red. In it were his 
accounts, his pocket-book, ^\ath his autogra])h, 
written in 1778, and several old newspapers. 
His cuff buttons, of solid silver, are still in pos- 
session of a member of the family. They are 
double, and connected by a link. Simeon's 
shoemaker's tools are still in existence, although 
scattered. Some of his almanacs, of which he 
had a full list from the time of his keeping house 


(1779) until his death (1840), are preserved. 
His old Watt's hymn-book bears the inscription, 
" Pew 13, Old Sonth Meeting House," and his 
signature. The old family Bible of Abigail 
Spencer, printed in 1793, is yet extant. 


Note. — If the locality of birth does not appear under any num- 
ber in this Genealooy, the reader is referred to the number of the 
ancestor immediately preceding. This record is, of course, not 
perfect in every detail; much of these, as well as the foregoing 
pages, was compiled by the writer when not of age. For the 
future the earnest cooperation of all interested persons is re- 

W. D. S. 

1. Thomas Spencer, born in England in 1596, came to 
America in 1630; he married Patience Chadbourue ; he 
lived first at Strawberry Bank (Portsmontli), New Hamp- 
shire, later at Piscataqiia (Kitter}' Point), Maine, and 
finally at Newichawannock (South Berwick), Maine; he 
was a planter, lumberman, and tavern-keeper; be died 
December 15, 1681; bis wife died in 1683; children: 

2. William. 

3. Margaret. 

4. Mary. 

5. Susanna. 

6. Humphrey. 

7. Elizabeth. 

8. Moses. 



2. William, bom about IGoO; planter and lumberman at 
South Berwick; became his father's heir; died May lo, 
1696, unmarried. 

3. ^Margaret, born about 1632 ; married Daniel Goodwin 
of South Berwick in 1654; she died about 1670; children: 
I.Daniel; 2. James; S.Thomas; 4. Moses; 5. William. 

4. Mar}', born at South Berwick about 1634; married 
Thomas Etherington, or Everington, about 1656; she and 
her husband died at sea in November, 1664; children in 
South Berwick : 1. Mary; 2. Patience. 

5. Susanna, born at South Berwick about 1636; married 
John Gattiusby about 1657; he died at South Berwick 
about 1670;. she married second P^phraim Joy of South 
Berwick; she died after 1700; children by first husband: 
1. Moses, 2. Susanna; by second husband, 3. Ephraim. 

6. Humphrey, born at South Berwick about 1638 ; mar- 
ried first Elizabeth Shears, of Cape Neddock, York, Maine, 
in 1673; married second Grace in 1676; farmer and car- 
penter ; removed to Portsmouth in 1676, and lived on Great 
Island; died December 19, 1700; children: 

9. Humphrey, Junior. 
10. Mary. 

7. Elizabeth, born at South Berwick about 1640; mar- 
ried about May 12, 1674, Thomas Chick, of South Berwick ; 
he died soon, and prior to 1687, she married Nicholas Tur- 
bet, of Kittery ; she had one son, Thomas, by her first hus- 


8. Moses, born at South Berwick about 1642 ; married 
Elizabeth Botts, July, 1679 ; she was the widow of Isaac 
Botts and had a child, Elizabeth, who married Samuel 
Brackett iu 1694 ; he was a planter and lived in South Ber- 
wick ; died about 1719; children: 

11. Moses, Junior. 

12. Isaac. 

13. Mary. 


9. Humphrey, Junior, born about 1674 at South Ber- 
wick; married Mary about 1700; he was planter, husband- 
man, and viuter ; lived at South Berwick ; died iu August, 
1712 ; children : 

14. William. 

15. Sarah. 

16. Samuel. 

10. Mary, born about 1670 at South Berwick; died, 
unmarried, April 19, 1704. 

11. Moses, Junior, born at South Berwick about 1680; 
husbandman; married Elizabeth Abbott about 1708; died 
1746; children: 

17. Freathy. 

18. Sarah. 

19. Elizabeth. 

20. Lydia. 

21. Moses, Tertius. 

22. Alice. 

23. Isaac. 

24. Patience. 

25. Humphrey, 


12. Isaac, born about 1()<S2 at South Berwick; married 
Elizabeth P^mery about 1710 ; died prior to IToG ; children : 

26. Moses. 

27. Hannah. 

13. Mary, born about 1684 at South Berwick; married 
Joseph Jones, Februar}' 7, 1707. 


14. William, born about 1706; lived in South Berwick 
till 1742, when he removed to Portsmouth, New Hampshire ; 
cooper by trade ; married Mary Plaisted about 1727; chil- 
dren : 

28. Mary. 

29. Mehitable. 

30. Martha. 

31. William, Junior. 

32. Sarah. 

33. Mehitable. 

15. Sarah, baptized as an infant at South Berwick, May 
3, 1708; married Thomas Newmarsh of Kittery, Maine, 
December 25, 1726; died, probably in 1800, at the age of 
92 years. 

16. Samuel, born about 1711 ; probably died young. 

17. Freathy, born about 1709; baptized at South Ber- 
wick, or Berwick, as it was then, December 20, 1719 ; mar- 
ried Mary ; lived at South Berwick ; farmer ; soldier in 
French and Indian War; died October 30, 1759 ; children: 

34. Freathy, Junior. 

35. Isaac. 


36. William. 

37. Jane. 

38. Mercy. 

39. Phoebe. 

40. Moses. 

18. Sarah, baptized at South Berwick, December 24, 

19. Elizabeth, baptized at South Berwick, December 24, 

20. Lydia, baptized at South Berwick, December 24, 

21. Moses, Tertius, baptized at South Berwick, Decem- 
ber 24, 1719; lived at South Berwick; married Susanna 
Peavey about 1740; he was a farmer; children : 

41. Joseph Peavey. 

42. Susanna. 

43. Amos. 

44. Elizabeth. 

45. Thomas. 

22. Alice, baptized at South Berwick, January 21, 1728; 
she accepted the covenant at South Berwick, November 22, 
1741 ; married July 2, 1744, Anthony Littlefield of Wells; 
they had : Edmund. 

23. Isaac, baptized at South Berwick, January 21, 1728 ; 
settled in Arundel (Kennebunkport) , Maine, in 1750. 

24. Patience, baptized at South Berwick, January 21, 
1728; accepted the covenant November 22, 1741. 

25. Humphrey, baptized at South Berwick, January 21, 
1728; lived in town all his life; farmer; married Sarah 
(Elizabeth) Early, daughter of Anthony and Mehitable, 


about 1748; she was baptized Jamiaiy 23, 1735; be died 
December 14, 1808; cliildreu : 

46. Sarah. 

47. Simeon. 

48. Ichahod. 

49. John. 

50. Joseph. 

51. Lydia. 

52. EHzabeth. 

53. Hannah. 

26. Moses, baptized at South Berwick, July 24, 1720; 
married Lois, 1737 ; he was iu the French and Indian War 
for Arundel in 1758, and the war record states that he was 
born in 1711 ; children baptized at South Berwick : 

54. Daniel. 

55. Abigail. 

56. Lois. 

A history of Kennebunkport says, that Moses was an 
early settler, but sold his land to Ephraim Downs in 1760 
and moved eastward. See Appendix for Daniel Spencer. 

27. Hannah, baptized at South Berwick, July 24, 1720. 


28. Mary, baptized at South Berwick, September 1, 
1728 ; probably mari'ied Nathaniel Spencer at South Ber- 
wick, April 7, 1757; he had by his marriage three children. 
See Appendix for a Nathaniel Spencer. 

29. Mehitable, baptized at South Berwick, April 12, 
1730 ; died young. 

30. Martha, baptized at South Berwick, March 5, 1732. 



31. William, Junior, baptized at South Berwick, Decem- 
ber 9, 1733 ; he was a cooper by trade and lived in Ports- 
mouth ; he married Lucy Brewster of Portsmouth, Septem- 
ber 8, 1766. 

32. Sarah, baptized at South Berwick, September 10, 

33. Mehitable, baptized at South Berwick, November 29, 
1741; died subsequent to 1776; married Nathan Prentice 
(Harvard, class of 1756), son of Deacon Henry and Eliza- 
beth (Rand) Prentice of Cambi'idge, June 1, 1763; Nathan 
Prentice was a trader in Berwick, but removed to Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, and died there July 29, 1769, aged 
34; they had: 1. William, baptized at Berwick, November 
18, 1764, died young; 2. Mehitable, baptized at Berwick, 
March 30, 1766, died young; 3. Henry, and 4. Nathau, 
twins, born July 25, 1767; Henry married Elizabeth Jelli- 
son and had twelve children ; Nathau married Lydia Lin- 
coln and had nine children; 5. Mehitable, baptized June 
4, 1769, married Joseph Fosdick and had seven children. 
After the death of Nathan, Mehitable married a Davis of 
Boston, Massachusetts. 

34. Freathy, Junior, baptized at South Berwick, April 
15, 1753 ; farmer; minute-man in 1775 ; married Sarah Ab- 
bott of Somersworth, New Hampshire, October 24, 1775; 
his wife died January 5, 1820; he died June 26, 1821; 
children : 

57. Theodore. 

58. Nancy. 

59. Joanna. 
GO. John. 


3"). Isaac, baptized at South Berwick, April If), IToS. 
See Appendix for Isaac Spencer. 

3(i. William, baptized at South Bei'wick, April IG, ll'io; 
farmer; married Lydia Davis, December 16, 17(')2; chil- 
dren : 

61. Isaac. 

62. Samuel. 

63. William, Junior. 

64. Hannah. 
C.5. Freathy. 
()(>. Lydia. 

He married second Sarah Patch of Berwick, November 
-27, IT'Jl. 

37. Jane, baptized at South Berwick, April 15, 1753; 
married' Beujamiu Row, June 10, 1777. 

38. Mercy, baptized at South Berwick, April 15, 1753; 
married Eleazer Knox of Lebanon, Maine, March 19, 1788. 

39. Phoebe, baptized at South Berwick, April 15, 1753; 
married Daniel Wilkinson in 1788. 

[It will be seen that the last six persons have the same 
■date of baptism ; the parish register gave four blanks, sim- 
ply indicating the number.] 

40. Moses, baptized at South Berwick, October 31, 
1755; married Mary Row, June 6, 1777; he was a minute- 
man in 1775 ; he entered the army and was reported to have 
died at Valley Forge, January 16, 1778; his widow mar- 
ried Benjamin Downs January 6, 1782. 

41. Joseph Peavey, baptized at South Berwick, October 
7, 1750; married Sarah Mars, April 21, 1776; Sarah died 
Saturday, March 1, 1777; he married Catherine Mars, June 


10, 1771) ; he was a Revolutionary soldier for six mouths; 
was called " Fightiug Joe ;" died in May, 1828 ; children by 
second wife : 

67. Benjamin. 

68. Apliia (Affie). 

69. Sarah (Sally). 

70. Joseph, Junior. 

42. Susanna, baptized at South Berwick, April 15, 1753 ; 
married John Bennett, Junior, F'ebruary 24, 1763. 

43. Amos, baptized October 24, 1762, at South Berwick ; 
removed to Rochester, New Hampshire ; soldier in the Rev- 
olution, 1777 to 1782. 

44. Elizabeth, baptized at South Berwick, October 24, 
1762; married Timothy Gerrish of Rochester, January 27, 

45. Thomas, born at South Berwick, August 12, 1764; 
enlisted as a soldier in the Revolution at the age of sixteen ; 
described as five feet and five inches in height ; complexion, 
light; hair, brown; married Olive Nasou, June 24, 1787; 
he removed to Limingtou, Maine, about 1800; his first wife 
died, and lie married Rachel Sawyer of Limiugton, born 
June 12, 1772; she died February 7, 1858; Thomas died 
February 11, 1845, childless. 

46. Sarah, baptized at Berwick, September 16, 1750; 
married John Hartford of Dover, New Hampshire, prior to 
1779; died subsequent to 1825; children: 1. John, mar- 
ried ; 2. Hope, married Ezekiel Hayes ; 3. Sarah, married 
Joseph Horn; 4. Olive, married Alvin Varney ; 5. Eph- 
raim; 6. Spencer; 7. Abigail D., married Joseph Cook. 


47. Simeon, baptized at Berwiclv. June 21, 17r)2; mar- 
ried Lydia Goodwin, November 2."), 177!» ; children : 

71. Daniel. 

72. Mary (Polly). 

73. Abigail (Nabey). 

74. Abigail (Aby). 
7-5. James. 

76. Oliver. 

77. Jonatlian. 

78. Olive (Olley). 

79. Han nab. 

80. Timothy. 

81. Son. 

Lj^dia died about 1800, and Simeon married Susanna 
Hamilton P'ebruary 5, 1804 ; she died May 5, 1827 ; Simeon 
died in 1840. 

48. Ichabod, baptized at Berwick, June 5, 1757; mar- 
ried Sarah Nason May 10, 1775 ; married second Love Na- 
son June 13, 1776; removed from Berwick to Shapleigh, 
Maine; he was in the Revohition for the year 1777; about 
1800 he appears to have moved into the adjoining town of 
Sanford, Maine ; the following is probably one of his chil- 
dren : 

82. Epbraim. 

49. John, baptized at Berwick December 10. 1758; died, 
unmarried, about 1830 ; he was a farmer by occupation. 

50. Joseph, baptized at Berwick, November 15, 1761; 
farmer; married Abigail (Nabby) Scales January 25, 1787, 
and lived in Somersworth for a time ; went east and settled 
somewhere in AValdo county, Maine ; child : 

83. Joseph, Junior. 


He seems to have had other children after he left Ber- 

51. Lydia, baptized at Berwick, October 21, 1764; died 
there, unmarried, about 1840. 

52. Elizabeth, boru at Berwick in 1769; died there, 
unmarried, January 20, 1835. 

53. Hannah, boru August 23, 1772; married Jonathan 
Kicker February 9, 1792; lived at Pine Hill in Berwick,, 
her native town. 

54. Daniel, baptized May 25, 1740, at South Berwick; 
there was a Daniel at Arundel in 1757 as soldier; a Daniel 
in Eddington, Maine, in 1784, who was probably the same. 
See Appendix for Daniel Spencer. 

55. Abigail, baptized at South Berwick, February 12, 
1745; married, in the Kennebec River settlements, James 
Burns, May 26, 1768. 

56. Lois, baptized at South Berwick, March 28, 1749 ; 
married Thomas Clarke November 18, 1766, at the same 
place where her sister above was married. 


57. Theodore, born about 1781 at Berwick, farmer; 
married Nancy Kenuistou of South Berwick ; children : 

84. Esther. 

85. James T. 

86. William. 

87. Mary. 

88. John. 

He died at the age of 61. 


58. Nancy, boi'ii about 178-4 at Berwick; never married. 

59. Joanna, born at Berwick about 17'.»1; married .loiin 
Wilkinson of Dover, New Hampsliire, in 1812. 

60. John, born at Berwick in ITH'.I; farmer; married 
Ruth Clark of Berwick, March 21), 1816; soldier in the 
War of 1812; wife died in 1859; he died in May, 186 1; 
children : 

89. Mary. 

90. Abigail B. 

91. Nathaniel. 

92. Catherine. 

93. Joauna. 

94. Sarah. 

95. Paul Richmond. 

96. Margaret. 

97. James. 

98. Joshua C. 

61. Isaac, last known residence in Norfolk, Virginia. 

62. Samuel, last heard from in Ohio. 

63. William, Junior^ born in Berwick; married Eleanor 
Cooper May 26, 1785; moved to Limington, Maine, 1794; 
he was a soldier in the War of 1812; he died May 29, 
1835 ; children : 

99. Sarah (Sally). 

100. Phoebe. 

101. Samuel. 

102. William, Tertius. 

103. Eunice. 

104. Lydia. 

105. Frederick. 

106. Ehza. 

64. Hannah, married Nathan (Benjamin) Hodsdou, 


October 5, 1801, at Berwick; moved to Limiugton ; no 

65. Freathy, moved to Limiugtou aud married Rebecca, 
sister of Racliel Sawyer who married Thomas Spencer ; 
children : 

107. Isaac. 

108. Joshua. 

109. Sewell. 

110. Thomas. 

111. Sarah, 

Freathy was married twice and lived after his second 
marriage in Gray, Maine, where some of the second wife's 
children are living. 

66. Lydia, born at South Berwick; married John Jacobs 
May 11, 1802 ; they removed to Limington. 

67. Benjamin, born at South Berwick in 1792 ; died, un- 
married, at his home December 30, 1811. 

68. Aphia (Affle), born at South Berwick ; married John 
Thompson of the same place September 8, 1811 ; children : 
1. Susan; 2. Catherine. 

69. Sarah (Sally), born at South Berwick; married Na- 
thaniel Hearl of that town December 10, 1812 ; they had no 

70. Joseph, Junior, born 1795 at South Berwick; mar- 
ried Lydia Bennett March 28, 1813 ; children : 

112. Benjamin. 

113. Rosan. 

114. Joseph F. 

He married second Mary Ann Hall Goodwin, who was 


born December, 1S12, in ] 8-^10; he died in l.sOS ; Mary died 
July 27, 1887; their cliildren :. 

115. William H. 

116. LydiaM. 

117. Sarah A. 

118. Mary E. 

119. Amanda. 

71. Daniel, born at Berwick, February 5, 1780; married 
Lydia Ilobbs, who was born November 17, 1775, and died 
November 5, 1862, in 1801 ; he was killed in the mill at 
South Berwick about 1808; children : 

120. Louisa. 

121. Harriet. 

122. Mary. 

72. Mary (Polly) born at Berwick, April 2"), 1781 ; mar- 
ried John Gowell in June, 1803; died in February, 1812 
the}' had : 1. James; 2. Lydia; 3. Elizabeth. 

73. Abigail (Aby), born at Berwick, December 28, 1783 
died young. 

74. Abigail (Nabey) born at Berwick, February 18, 1786 
married Stephen Jellisou August 7, 1807. 

75. James, born at Berwick, April 3, 1788; married first 
Margaret Emery ; child : 

123. James, Junior. 

He married second a Brown, and they had : 

124. Daughter. 

76. Oliver, born at Berwick, April 17, 171)0 ; married Ab- 
igail Grant October 30, 1831 ; died in Berwick; he was a 
farmer ; child : 

12.5. Olive. 


77. Jonathan, born in Berwick, September 8, 1792; 
married Abigail Wentwortb of Lebanon, born November 8, 
1795, February 2, 1820; he died April 21, 1854; she died 
December 24, 1866 ; children : 

126. Daniel Wentworth. 

127. Mary Elizabeth. 

128. Lydia Ann. 

129. Nancy Fogg. 

130. Alvan Butler. 

131. John Willard. 

132. Joseph Henry, 

78. Olive, born at Berwick, October 10, 1794; died No- 
vember 29, 1815. 

79. Hannah, born at Berwick, in October, 1796; married 
Benjamin Wentworth of Lebanon, Maine, March 29, 1820 ; 
he was born August 13, 1798, and died May 22, 1868 ; she 
died prior to 1871 ; children : 1. Experience, who married 
J. Y. Ricker, December 4, 1846 ; 2. Malvina, married James 
Wentworth, born February 8, 1834; 3. Lucretia, married 
Nathan Wentworth (a brother of James above) April 13, 
1855; he was born May 1, 1827; 4. John, born 1834, at 
Lebanon, married January 27, 1865 ; 5. Meicy, married a 
Cole and lived in Biddeford, Maine. Nearly all of the 
above have children. 

80. Timothy, born in Berwick, April 15, 1799 ; married 
Adah Butler, born in Berwick, October 1, 1797, in Decem- 
ber, 1817; she died October 2, 1875; children: 

133. Thirza. 

134. Ichabod Butler. 

135. Sarah. 


81. Son, boni Aii<iii<;t S, 1802, died young. 

82. Ephraim, born about 177() at Sanford ; married Sep- 
tember 22, 17VIG, at Sanford, Martha Clay; removed to 
Bucklleld, ]Maine ; children : 

186. Samuel. 

137. IcluibocL 

138. Stei^lien. 

83. Joseph, Jnnior, born at Somersworth, in 1787; went 
east with his parents. 


84. Esther, born in 1804 at Berwick; married Albion 
Carpenter of South Berwick in 1826; died July 10, l.Si»2 ; 
children born at South Berwick : 1. George, born in 1S27; 
2. Frederick, born in l.s;)4; 3. Albion, Junior^ born June 
7, 1836 ; 4. Delia, married a AVarren of Salmon Falls, New 
Hampshire; 5. Henry; 6. Josephine; 7. William; 8. Rich- 
ard ; 9. Zenas. 

8.5. James T., born in Berwick, August 26, 1801) ; mar- 
ried Eliza Cram, who was born in Berwick, December 17, 
1807, April 26, 1830; he died in Exeter, New Hampshire, 
November 2, 1882 ; his wife died at Sanford, ]Maine, Janu- 
ary 7, 1879 ; children : 

139. Samuel L. 

140. Mariah J. 

141. George VV. 

142. John C. 

143. John C. 

144. Oliver C. 
14.5. Mary A. 


86. William, born at South Berwick; married Naucy 
Duuus of that place ; children : 

146. Eldora. 

147. Charles W. 

148. Jane. 

149. George. 

150. Henry. 

87. Mary, born at Berwick, married Stephen Gilman 
of South Berwick, August 12, 1836; she married later an 

88. John, born at Berwick, iu 1822 ; married Mrs. Nancy 
(Jewell) Drake ; died in 1883 ; children : 

151. Infant. 

152. Nancy A. 

153. John. 

154. Mary. 

155. Everett. 
1.56. Frank M. 

157. Emma J. 

158. Infant. 

159. Armine W. 

89. Mary, born at Berwick, May 31, 1817; married 
Charles CTordon of Berwick; died July 18, 1891 ; children : 
1. George; 2. Sarah, lives in Newton, Massachusetts; 3. 
Olive, married George Pearsons of Newton ; 4. Augusta, 
lives in Somersworth ; 5. Charles, married Lucy Brown of 
Somersworth ; lived there ; 6. Ezra, married Lizzie Kidder 
of Somersworth ; 7. Dora, married Obadiah Lenuard of 
Berwick; 8. Mary, married Henry Jameson of Somers- 
worth; 9. Frank, lives in Somersworth, unmarried; 10. 
Edward, married Sarah Hall of Barrington and lives in 


Dover, New Hampshire ; 11. .John, lives iu New York city; 
12. Lizzie, married Andrew Bradeeu of Berwick. 

90. Abigail B., born at Berwick, September 4, 1819; 
married John Hubbard of Somersworth June 10, 1840; 
died January 21, 1897 ; she had : 1. Sarah F. ; 2. George 
E. ; 3. Belle H. ; 4. Alma J. 

91. Nathaniel, born at Berwick, February 2, 1821 ; mar- 
ried Adeline W. Tasker of KoUinsford, New Hampshire, in 

1844 ; later he went westward ; children : 

160. Henry A. 

161. Alphonso H. 

162. William E. 

163. jSTathaniel A. 

92. Catherine, born at Berwick, about 1823 ; married 
Joshua M. Hanson of South Berwick; died iu 1855. 

93. Joanna, born at Berwick, about 1825 ; married James 
Grant of South Berwick. 

94. Sarah, born at Berwick, February 5, 1827; married 
Thomas Hilton of Wells, Maine, about 1853; she has: 1. 
Lizzie; 2. Cora; 3. Chandler; 4. Anuie. 

95. Paul Richmond, born at Berwick, January 19, 1831 ; 
resided in Somersworth ; married Olive A. Abbott April 1, 

1845 ; she was born March 26, 1834, and died November 
G, 1895 ; he died January 21, 1892 ; his children : 

164. William W. 

165. Margaret A. 

166. Frank P. 

167. Sarah A. 

168. Catherine E. 

169. John H. 


170. Delia E. 

171. Olive E. 

172. Walters. 

173. Grace V. 

174. Paul R., Junior. 

175. Alice M. 

176. Florence M. 

96. Margaret, born in Berwick, May 6, 1833 ; married 
Charles Willey of South Berwick; died May 10, 1853. 

97. James, born at Berwick about 1835; brickmason ; 
married lirst Jane Hilton of Wells, who was a sister of 
Thomas Hilton who married Sarah; she was born about 
1840 and died about 1870; they lived at South Berwick ; 
he died in the summer of 1880 ; children : 

177. Parker. 

178. Walter. 

179. Charles Clark. 
ISO. Georoe Parker. 

181. Lilla Belle. 

182. Annie. 

He married second a widow Galium. 

98. Joshua C, born at Berwick, May 30, 1837; occupa- 
tion, carder ; married Elizabeth E. Parker of Bartlett, New 
Hampshire, November 13, 1858; after his marriage he 
settled in Fall River, Massachusetts; no children. 

99. Sarah, born at South Berwick; married George 
Noble; they had: 1. James, who married Jane Cram of 
Baldwin and was the father of Daniel, a railroad manager 
iu Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, with a salary of $10,000 per 
annum, and of the Reverend Frederick Noble of Chicago, 
who receives $12,000 a year ; 2. Clarissa, married Benja- 


mill Libby of Buxton, Maine; 3. George, married Jane 
Doberty ; 1. Joseph, married Cynthia Goodrich and lives 
at Denmark, Maine; 5. Martha, married Daniel Edgerly ; 
6. P^leauor, married Daniel Acres ; second, Joseph Ilackett ; 
third, Joseph Smith, 

100. Phoebe, born at South Berwick ; married Benjamin 
Wyman ; they had: 1. Orrin, married Dolly Fogg and 
lived successive!}' in Standish, Liinington, and Hiram, 
Maine ; 2. Louise, who married Seth Jones of Baldwin ; 3. 
Jane, married Charles Dunton ; 4. Mary, who married 
Joseph Cram of Baldwin, 

101, Samuel, born at South Berwick, January 1, 1792; 
was with Colonel Lane at Plattsburg in 1.S12 ; settled in 
Baldwin in 1814 ; married Joanna Noble in 1821 ; children : 

183. Belinda A. 

184. Samuel, Junior. 

185. Ambrose. 

102. William, Teytius, born at South Berwick, April 1, 
1793; married Mary Robinson of Limington ; died in 
August, 1877 ; children : 

186. Ellen. 

187. William H. 

188. Almecla. 

189. Lorenzo D. 

190. Eunice. 

191. Jane. 

192. Elizabeth. 
19:;. ,lohn. 
194. Edwin P. 

103, Eunice, born at Limington; married Daniel Ward 
of Baldwin; they had: 1. Albert; 2, William, who mar- 


ried Jane Brown; 3. Charles, who married Pollen Whittier ; 
4. Simon, who married a Seavey ; 5. Frank, who married 
A.lmeda Black; 6. Cyrus, who married Joan Whitney. 

104. Lydia, born at Limiugtou ; married Daniel Libby ; 
they had : 1. Dearborn B., who married Kate Pridestie and 
lived in Baldwin ; 2. Sally, married John Hill of Baldwin ; 
3. Eliza J., never married; 4. Olive, married Charles R. 

105. Frederick, born at Limington, April 10, 1799; 
farmer; married January 19, 1826, Louisa Downs, born 
January 24, 1808, and died March 28, 1897; he died Sep- 
tember 8, 1877 ; children : 

195. Martha W. 

196. Ruth G. 

197. Arthur. 

198. William. 

199. Jane B. 

200. Hiram B. 

201. Phoebe R. 

106. Eliza, born at Limington; married Daniel Cram of 
Baldwin; died in March, 1897; they had: 1. Sarah, who 
married Charles Woodsum of Baldwin; 2. Ann, who never 
married; 3. Leander E., who married Hattie Rowe, and 
has been commissioner, sheriff, and register of deeds in 
Cumberland county, Maine. 

107. Isaac, born at Limington and resided there, 

108. Joshua, born at Limington ; his child : 

202. Andrew. 

109. Sewell, born at Limington. 


110. Thomas, born iNIareh i;», 1807; fanner; resided at 
East Limingtou, Maine; married, November 12, 1843, 
Mary A. Green ; she was born July 'J, 1820 ; lie died Sep- 
tember 10, 1878 ; children : 

203. Phoebe A. 

204. Charles J. 

111. Sarah, born at Limington, and married Abijah 
Woodsum of Gray, Maine; sou, Charles, born in 182'.), 
died at Baldwin, Maine, July lo, 1892. 

112. Benjamin, born at South Berwick; mai'ried his 
cousin, Catherine Thompson; no issue. 

113. Rosau, born at South Berwick; married David 
Hasty; children: 1. Albert; 2. Emma; 3. Ann ; 4. Charles; 
o. Jane; 6. Joseph; 7. David; 8. Sarah; 9. Frank. 

114. Joseph F., born in South Berwick; mustered in the 
27th Maine, Company B, infantry, September 30, 1862 ; 
was discharged with his company; died in middle age; 

115. William H., born at South Berwick, ]March 17, 
1841; died, unmarried, November 17, 1862. 

116. Lydia M., born at South Berwick in January, 1844; 
married Alsbrey Goodwin of York, Maine; childien : 1. 
Emma E., born in December, 1864; 2. Annie E., born in 
January, 1863; 3. Edward E., born in 1869; married 
Laura Talpe}'. 

117. Sarah A,, born in South Berwick, February 22, 
1845; married Isaiah Boston; child: Alice J., born No- 
vember 13, 1864. 

118. Mary E., born at South Berwick in 1849; married 



Samuel Moulton of York, Maine; children: 1. Fred, born 
in April, 1874; 2. Maud, born in Jul}', 1876; 3. Joseph, 
and 4. Lyman, twins, born in August, 1877 ; 5. Elroy, 
born in 1881. 

119. Amanda, born in South Berwick; died 3'oung and 

120. Louisa, born in Somersworth, New Hampshire, 
1803 ; married Joseph Thompson of Dover, New Hamp- 
shire, December 25, 1819 ; he entered the army and was 
never heard from ; she married, second, Hiram Downs 
August 30, 1825 ; child : Abby Frances Downs, born Octo- 
ber 8, 1828 ; married Lyford T. Graves of Brentwood, New 
Hampshire, September 8, 1865 ; their child, Spencer Graves, 
was born September 8, 1867; Louisa died September 28, 

121. Harriet, born at Somersworth, June 13. 1805; mar- 
ried, February 20, .1828, Samuel Dame of Dovei', son of 
Joseph Dame of that place ; died at Somersworth Septem- 
ber 20, 1838; they lived at Rolliusford ; children: 1. 
Henry Clay Dame, born at Rolliusford July 22, 1830; 2. 
Infant, born at Rolliusford December 26, 1828; died Sep- 
tember 18, 1829. 

122. Mary F., born in Somersworth, October 19, 1809; 
married Richard Ayers of Dover August 29, 1830; she 
died August 12, 1834, childless. 

123. James, Junior, born at South Berwick; went east- 
ward and lived near Portland, Maine. 

124. Daughter, born at South Berwick, died young. 

125. Olive, born at Berwick in 1832; married Timothy 
Otis; died June 27, 1897; child died at an early age. 

THE :maine spencers. 


126. Daniel AVontworlh, born at Uerwiek, November 8, 
1820 ; he attended the district schools and went a few terms 
to Berwick Academy ; he began teaching at the age of 
twenty ; he taught a district school by day and conducted 

Daniel Wentwohtu ISpencek. 

singing classes in the evening for more than fifty years ; he 
married Sophia Hoyt Tuttle September 5, 1847; she was 
born at Barnstead, New Hampshire, September 18, 1826 ; 
child : 

205. Clara Ella. 



His first wife died February 15, 18G7, and he married, 
March 23, 1868, Amanda Ann Prescott, born April 11, 
1837, at Bridgewater, New Hampshire; children: 

206. Jessie Sophia. 

207. Wilbur Daniel. 

Amasa Gkant. 

Daniel was a carpenter by trade and went to Lawrence, 
Massachusetts, in 1847, where he was associated somewhat 
with his brothers, John, Alvan, and Batchelder Hutchins ; 
he moved back to Berwick in 1858 and resides at present on 



the "old homestead;" he has been justice of the peace and 
has filled several town otHces creditably ; his personal ac- 
quaintance in the county has been widely extended. 

127. Mary Elizabeth, born in Berwick, April 2, 1822 ; 
married Amasa Grant of Lebanon, Maine, October 28, 

Maky Elizabeth (fcji'KNCEn) Giiant. 

1848; there they lived until recently, when they moved to 
Berwick, living a few years with J. W. Mathews upon the 
'' Hill" place and then taking up their abode in the village, 
where they live at present ; she has made friends everywhere. 


128. Lydia Ann, born at Berwick, August 16, 1824 ; mar- 
ried Horatio Nelson Mathews of Berwiclv, June 8, 1852 : 
cliildreu: 1. John, born at Berwick, September 1(3, 1854; 

Lydia Ann (Spknckk) Mathews. 

married Mary C. (Hilliard) Spencer, widow of Frank C. 
Spencer, January 6, 1881 ; contractor; they have : 

Forest C, born August 26, 1881. 
Lottie M., born January 18, 188-'3. 
Edith, born March 10, 1887. 
Fred A., born August 1, 1888. 


Harry H., born March 18, 1890. 
Charles H., born January 22, 1892. 
Lydia, born August 28, 1894. 

2. William S., boru April 2, 185G, at Berwick; married 
Etta Roberts of Lymau, Maine, October 4, 1882 ; be is an 
attorney-at-law ; he has also been representative to the 
state legislature. 3. Joseph M., boru March 13, 1858? 
at Berwick; married Anna Roberts of Lyman (sister of the 
above) March 21, 1888 ; they have : 

Ralph Roberts, born June 9, 1889. 
Maurice Monroe, born December 24, 1890. 

Joseph is a smith by trade. 4. Samuel S., born at Ber- 
wick, June 3, 1861 ; married Lottie Lennard of Somers- 
worth. New Hampshire, June 3, 1890; he is a member of 
the firm of Mathews Brothers, of which John, above-men- 
tioned, is manager; they are engaged chiefly with building 
contracts and the manufacture and sale of lumber; Samuel 
is at present living in Berwick ; he has : 

Wilbur L., born February 8, 1893. 
Lizzie, born April 23, 1895. 
Horatio N., born July 15, 1897. 

5. George A., born at Berwick, June 30, 1863; married 
Edith A. Lord of Berwick, July 18, 1888 ; he is a farmer 
and lives in Lebanon ; they have : 

Hattie Emily, born November 13, 1889. 
Artliur Lord, born June 19, 1891. 

6. Harry N., boru at Berwick, February 1, 1866; he 
lives there at present with his mother. Horatio died in 



Ma3% 1871, and Lydia had the entire managenieut of this 
large family of boys; not one in a hundred could have done 
so well ; Mrs. Mathews is one of tlie most highly respected 
women in the community. 


129. Nancy Fogg, born in IJerwick, August 15, 1826 ; 
she married there. May lo, 1841), Batchelder Brown Hutch- 
ins of Moultonboro, New Hampshire ; he was born April 
22, 1820 ; they went to Lawrence, Massachusetts, to leside ; 
the city was then in its beginning and Batchelder, who was 



a cai'peuter, easily rivaled the best in his trade ; owing to ill 
health Mr. Hutchius removed on April 8, 1858, to Salem, New 
Hampshire, where he had purchased a farm and has lived 
since; their home is about one mile from Methuen, Massa- 
chusetts; children: 1. Emma, born April 11, 1850, died 

Nancy Fogg (.Spencei;) Hutciiins. 

August 25, 1851. 2. Charles, born December 2, 1853 ; mar- 
ried Harriet E. Crosby of Methuen, February 9, 1886; he 
is a carpenter by trade ; he had : 
Emma Alga, born January IS, 1887. 


His wife died February 26, 1891 ; he married agaio, Mrs. 
Alice Morse Morrison of Methuen, formerly of Derry, New 
Hampshire, December 24, 1894; they have a son: 
Raymond Morse, born September 26, 1896. 

3. Warren, born October 31, 1855; married Sarah C. 
Howe of Methuen, November 10, 1886 ; they had a son : 

Clarence, born December 24, 1888, died the day after. 

4. Edwin, born December 12, 1861 ; married Lizzie Stan- 
ley of Methuen, April 11, 1888 ; they have : 

Eichard B., born December 14, 1891. 
George Stanley, born May 3, 1894. 

It happens that Edwin, like the two preceding, is a car- 
penter and resides in Methuen. 5. Willis, born July 14, 
1869 ; lives with his parents; he is a musician, as yet un- 

130. Alvan Butler, born at Berwick, May 26, 1829 ; mar- 
ried September 5, 1850, Olive Tuttle of Barnstead a (half 
sister of Daniel's wife) ; they lived on the home place until 
the Civil War, when Alvan volunteered, in the First Maine 
Cavalry, August 14, 1862 ; he was enrolled Band-master of 
the First Brigade Band of the Second Cavalry Division, 
January 1, 1863 ; he was in many of the severest battles of 
the war ; he was honorably discharged at the end of the war. 
May 30, 1865; he removed to Berwick village in 1867; he 
has been prominent in town affairs since, holding many 
offices ; he has been town treasurer for upwards of ten years ; 
town clerk for several terms, justice of the peace six years, 
trial justice since 1893 ; since his residence in the village he 



has been eugaged iu the mercantile and undertaking busi- 
ness ; bis children : 

208. Emma. 

209. Hattie E. 

210. Franklin C. 

211. Abigail E. 

212. Fred A. 

Alvax Butlek Spenckk. 

131. John Willard, born in Berwick, December 13, 
1831 ; he obtained his education in the public schools of 
his native town; he went to Lawrence iu 1849, where he 


served as an ai)prenli('e at the trades of carpenter and 
joiner; on May 21,, he married Klizabetli Ann Brown 

John Wili.akd .Spencek. 

of Nottingham, New Hampshire; she was born July 19, 
1831, she died March 24, 1857 ; child : 
213. Frank Willard. 
July 5, 1858, Mr. Spencer moved to Stoneham, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was engaged at his trade until July, 


1861, when, enlisting in tlie army, he served three years in 
Company G, Thirteenth Massachnsetts Volunteer Infantry; 
February 21, 1863, he was married to Miss Eliza Ellen 
Sanborn in Wakefield, New Hampshire, August 3, 1839 ; 
children : 

214. Lizzie. 
21.5. Addie. 

After the close of the war John W. resumed his former 
business, working until 1892, when he retired on account 
of ill health. He has been representative to Massachusetts 

132. Joseph Henry, born in Berwick, November 22, 1837 ; 
died September 2, 1857. 

133. Thirza, born at Berwick, April 4, 1821 ; married 
Nahum Wentworth of Somersworth, December 4, 1845 ; 
died September 22, 1846. 

134. Ichabod Butler, born at Berwick, February 10, 
1823 ; married Lucy J. Knox of Lebanon, May 24, 1842 ; 
died at Berwick, February 26, 1880; children: 

216. Harriet A. 

217. Henry C. 

218. Thirza W. 

219. Henry C. 

220. Emma E. 

221. MaryF. 

135. Sarah, born at Berwick, September 4, 1825; mar- 
ried Samuel T.Parker, June 24, 1848; children: 1. Mary 
A., born October 2, 1853 ; married January 9, 1872, Philip 
H. Stiles; 2. Minnie E., born at Berwick, August 13, 


1855; munied May 18, 1872, Edward E. Nelson; 3. 
Josephine B., born at Berwick, January 6, 1857; married 
John H. Jellison of Berwick, Xoveni])er 1, 1879 ; 4. Jennie, 
born at Berwick, May 3, l.S5i), married Herman Wiggin of 

136. Samuel, born at Bucklield, August 30, 170i). 

137. Ichabod, born at Buckfield, December 10, 1801. 

138. Stephen, born at Buckfield, January 30, 1804. 


139. Samuel L., born at Somersworth, May 8, 1831; 
married Sarah D. Norman, February 19, 1852 ; she was 
born at Industry, Maine, February 8, 1831 ; children : 

222. Henrietta. 

223. Isabel B. 

224. AlvahD. 

225. Julia E. 

226. Alvah D. 

140. Mariah J., born at Sauford, May 7, 1834. 

141. George W., born at Sanford, August 10, 1836 ; died 
in South Groveland, Massachusetts, May 31, 1871 ; child: 

227. George W. 

142. John C, born in Sanford, March 5, 1839; died in 
Springvale, Maine, December 30, 1841. 

143. John C, born in Sanford, August 18, 1842; killed 
by a cannon-ball in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 9, 1863. 

144. Oliver C, born in Sanford, February 20, 1845. 

145. Mary A., born in Sanford, October 8, 1847. 


146. Eldora, born at South Berwick; never married. 

147. Charles W., born in South Berwick; died unmar- 

148. Jane, born at South Berwick; died unmarried. 

149. George, in California. 

150. Henry, in California. 

151. Infant, died young. 

152. Nancy A., born January 23, 1847; married Octo- 
ber 7, 1874, James F. Thurell of South Berwick. 

153. John, born in Berwick, April 3, 1849 ; married 
there Ellen A. Scammou, November 23, 1887, 

154. Mary, born in Berwick, September 1, 1851. 

155. Everett, born in Berwick, January 14, 1853. 

156. Frank M., born in Berwick, November 16, 1855. 

157. Emma J., born in Berwick, February 9, 1859. 

158. Infant, born in Berwick, February 9, 1859, twin to 
Emma J. ; died at birth. 

159. Armine W., born in Berwick, March 14, 1861. 

160. Henry A., born in Berwick, November 22, 1844 
married Evelyn Abbott of Rollinsford, August 20, 1866 
resides in Rollinsford ; he is a molder by trade ; children 

228. Mabel F. 

229. Myrtie. 

230. Hattie. 

231. Flora. 

232. Ralph. 

233. Alphonso. 

161. Alphonso H., born in Somersworth (or Rollinsford) 
April 21, 1848; married Ida E. Abbott, April 26, 1871 
lives in Rollinsford ; children : 



Ida M. 


Henry E. 













162. William E., born in Somersworth, December 8, 
18.31; married Lizzie S. Grant of Wells, July 29, 1877; 
molder by trade and lives at Rollinsford ; children : 

242. William A. 

243. Sarah L. 

244. Louis G. 

163. Nathaniel A., born in Somersworth, April 20, 1854; 
married Evelyn Cooper, June 28, 1874 ; died in Berwick, 
April 2'.), 1886 ; children : 

245. Oscar A. 

246. FredN. 

164. William W., born at Somersworth, July 14, 1849; 
died September 24, 1849. 

16.5. Margaret A., born September 18, 1851; died in 
New Orleans. 

166. Frank P., born November 24, 18.53; married May 
17, 1876, Abigail F. Cooper of Berwick; resides in Dover, 
New Hampshire, where he is manager of a section on the 
Northern railroad ; children : 

247. Altie E. 
24S. Myra B. 
249. Frank A. 


250. Bernice F. 

251. Clarence. 

252. Mabel B. 

253. Mildred. 

167. Sarah A., born April 3, 1855; died September 12, 

168. Catherine E., born October 23, 1856; married 
Melvin Grant October 25, 1872 ; residence is in Tampa, 

169. John H., born January 27, 1864; died August 4, 

170. Delia E., born September 10, 1866; married Wil- 
liam Hodsdou of Haverhill, Massachusetts. 

171. Olive E., born January 19, 1869 ; died January 31, 

172. Walter S., born March 26, 1870; died September 
18, 1870. 

173. G-race V., born November 3, 1871 ; married Melvin 
Waterhouse December 16, 1887, and Henry Folsom Janu- 
ary 16, 1892 ; resides in Somersworth. 

174. Paul R., Junior, born January 8, 1873; died April 
10, 1873. 

175. Alice M., born November 1, 1874; lives in Somers- 
worth; unmarried. 

176. Florence M., born May 25, 1877; married George 
Robinson November 11, 1893. 

177. Parker, born in Berwick; died young. 

178. Walter, born in Berwick; died young. 

179. Charles Clark, born in Berwick, May 9,1862 ; shipped 
aboard the MayeUan, bound around the Horn for Valpa- 


raiso, Chili, ami ports of Peru ; this voyage took one year 
lacking eleven days ; worked at farming in Kentucky and 
Ohio until 1880; came east and worked at iron-molding for 
about a 3'ear and a half, and then went West again ; fanned 
in Texas ; shipped at St. I.ouis on a river steamer, which 
he left at New Orleans ; lived with Spanish fishermen and 
hunters for a long time ; left New Orleans at the time of 
the exposition and went to Galveston, Texas, to El Paso, 
to Los Angeles, California ; worked on a ranch ; canvassed ; 
went to San Francisco and canvassed ; joined the U. S. 
Marine Corps at Mare Island at the time of the trouble at 
Panama; enlisted April 27, 1885, and was honorably dis- 
missed April 27, 1890, serving the most of his time on the 
U. S. S. Mohican ; then went to San Francisco and worked 
at the molding trade; soon after engaged in ranching; 
went to Victoria, British Columbia, by steamei- and re- 
turned by land ; appointed guard at San Quentin prison 
February, 1893; now resides there; married May Edna 
Harriman, daughter of William S. Harriman of Bangor, 
Maine, and Mary A. (Grable) Harriman of Indianapolis, 
Indiana ; she was born at San Louis Obispo, California, 
April 6, 1873 ; the marriage occurred at San Francisco, 
March 10, 1895; child: 
254. Margaret Lucile. 

180. George Parker, born at Berwick, 1864 ; iron-molder ; 
lives at Kennebunk, Maine ; married Cora Stevens of Ken- 
nebunk ; children : 

2o.5. Cliarles. 
256. Myrtle. 


181. Lilla Belle, born at Berwick, October 24, 1866 ; was 
adopted by the Hobbs family of South Berwick ; niari-ied 
David W. Clay of Somersworth, February 17, 1886; chil- 
dren : 1. Frances M., born May 10, 1891 ; 2. Charles W., 
born January 1, 1894. 

182. Annie, born at South Berwick ; died young 

183. Belinda A., born in Baldwin, June 22, 1823; mar- 
ried June 20, 1847, Shipley W. Perkins of Lynn, Massa- 
chusetts ; child: Samuel Spencer Perkins, born August 14, 
1848, who had: 1. Annie B., born May 18, 1870; married 
Ira K. Elliott of Lynn in June, 1890; and has: Earl R., 
born January 9, 1891, and Leon S., born November 8, 
1894; 2. Charles S., born April 20, 1877; 3. Ernest S., 
born April 17, 1878; 4. Clarence A., born October 13, 
1885; 5. Harry A., born October 17, 1886; 6. Edith E., 
born December 2, 1890; 7. Nelson O., born May 8, 1892. 

184. Samuel, Junior, born May 8, 1825, in Baldwin ; 
there married Jane Doherty ; last known residence was 
Aberdeen, South Dakota. 

185. Ambrose, born August 16, 1830, at Baldwin ; he is 
merchant at East Baldwin ; married Althea Flint of Bald- 
win April 24, 1853; she was born June 15, 1834; chil- 
dren : 




Ella M. 


Etta B. 


Edward W. 


Joanua E. 


Sarah F. 


Gertrude A. 


Ethel E. 


186. Ellen, born at Baldwin; she niari'ieil Kiehard Row 
and lives in Woodfoids, Maine. 

187. William Henry, born at Baldwin about 18:55; mar- 
ried Parmelia vStanton ; children, born at East Hiram, 
Maine : 

265. Frederick. 

266. Preston. 

188. Almeda, born at Baldwin ; she married James Miller 
and lived at West Baldwin. 

18i). Lorenzo D., born in Baldwin, November 24, 1839; 
farmer; married Nancy M. Burnell of Baldwin, who was 
born June 17, 1842, June 11, 1863 ; he now resides in Lim- 
ington and just across the road from the place where his 
grandfather, William, settled when he came from Berwick ; 
childi'en : 

267. Howard L. 

268. Mary N. 

269. Phrebe F. 

270. Waldo A. 

He married in 1888 Louise H. Boothby of Baldwin. 

190. Eunice, born at Baldwin ; married George Millikenof 

191. Jane, born at Baldwin; married Elias M. Noble. 

192. Elizabeth, born at Baldwin; married Alonzo Hart- 

193. John, born at Baldwin, in 1851 ; resides in Lynn, 
Massachusetts ; married first Mary Ellen Dow, second Ade- 
line Marsh. 

194. Edwin P., born at Baldwin, March 28, 1856; mar- 


ried, November 25, 1883, Delia Mahau ; resides in L3'nn ; 
children : 

271. John. 

272. Charles Frederick. 

195. Martha W., born at Limington, July 5, 1826; mar- 
ried Samuel Warren of Portland, May 19, 1856. 

196. Ruth G., born at Limington, March 30, 1829 ; mar- 
ried George S. Burnell of Springfield, Ohio, June 4, 1858. 

197. Arthur, born at Limington, April 21, 1833; died 
May 9, 1836. 

198. William, born at Limington, January 13, 1835; 
married Lydia J. Binford January 2, 1859; farmer; re- 
sides at Chatham's Center, Maine. 

199. Jane B., born January 8, 1839; died February 22, 
1847, at West Baldwin. 

200. Hiram B., born at West Baldwin, August 31, 1841 ; 
married, October 31, 1861, Melissa Dyer, born October 31, 
1844 ; resides at East Hiram, Maine ; children : 

273. Eliza J. 

274. Horace D. 

275. CoraW, 

276. Sophronia K. 

277. Frederick L. 

278. Arthur. 

201. Phwbe R., born at West Baldwin, July 23, 1844; 
married May 3, 1874, Samuel H. Tuttle of East Hiram, 

202. Andrew, born at East Limington; is a farmer; 
resides there at present. 


203. Pluiebe A., born at East Limiiigton, October oU, 

204. Charles J., born December 23, 18r)2 ; tanner; re- 
sides at East Liuiington, wliich is his native town ; nnuuir- 

20"). Clara Ella, born at Berwick, .lannar}' (i, l.s')l ; mar- 
ried Erank P. Demerritt at Rochester December 2<S, 1872; 
they live at present in ]\Iilton, New Hampshire ; child : 
Guy P., born November 23, 1877. 

206. Jessie Sophia, born at Berwick, May (>, 1870. 

207. Wilbnr Daniel, born at Berwick, Jannary 24, 1872 ; 
was gradnated at Dartmouth, 181);"). 

208. Emma, born at Berwick, July 20, 1852 ; died Febru- 
ary 20, IS.T-l. 

209. Hattie E., born at Berwick, December 21, 1853; 
married Samuel C. Martin, born October 21, 1847, in Ber- 
wick, July 25, 1874; she died June 11, 1888; children: 
1. Harry S., born November 27, 1875; died March 12, 
1877; 2. Warren H., born January 15, 1877; died March 
13, 1888; 3. Elizabeth May, born February 12, 1881. 

210. Franklin C, born at Berwick, February 15, 1856; 
married May C. Hilliard July 4, 1875 ; died September 9, 
1877 ; children : 

279. Daughter. 

280. Alvan B. 

211. Abigail E., born at Berwick, March 2, 1862 ; gradu- 
ate of Kent's Hill Female Seminary ; preceptress of the 
Berwick Academy, 1886-'90 ; married George Perry Dun- 
ham September 28, 1891; children: 1. Izah, born Janu- 


ary 1. 1893; 2. Speucer, born January 1, 1893, and died 
soon after. 

212. Fred Alvan, born at Berwick, April 27, 1871 ; mar- 
ried Minnie L. Foss November 17, 1891 ; children : 

281. Frank. 

282. Olive. 

213. Frank W,, born at Lawrence, April 1, 1856; con- 
tractor and builder ; lives in Stoneham ; married first Ella F. 
Eaton, who was born at Auburn, New Hampshire, Septem- 
ber 12, 1859, at Deerfield in the same state December 31, 
1878 ; she died January 13, 1883 ; child : 

28.3. May Edna. 

He married second Hattie M. Brown at Berwick, May 30, 
1896; she was born at Deerfield, June 17, 1865. 

214. Lizzie, born at Stoneham, December 29, 1870; was 
graduated from Bridgewater (Massachusetts) Normal 
School ; she leaches in Winchester, Massachusetts ; she 
resides with her parents and is as yet unmarried. 

215. Addie, born at Stoneham, September 19, 1873; she 
was graduated from Wellesley College, class of 1897; she 
has accepted a position as teacher in Lexington, Massachu- 
setts ; she resides with her parents and is unmarried. 

216. Harriet A., born at Berwick, August 10, 1842; 
married first in December, 1860, Monroe Hyde; married 
second February 14, 1868, George M. Parks of Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire; they had: Nancy Adeline Parks, born 
January 30, 1869 ; died March 16, 1869. 

217. Henry C, born in Berwick, April 17, 1844; died 


218. Thirza W., born at Berwick, November 80, 1845; 
died June 11, 1859. 

219. Henr}' C, born at Berwick, January 15, 1849 ; mar- 
ried June 17, 1871, Nellie Buzzell of \'ermont ; the}' had: 

284. Kate M. 
28.5. Artlmr II. 
286. Harriet G. 

220. Emma E., born at Berwick, November 1, 1850; 
married July 3. 1877, George H. Carletou of Portsmouth; 
they had : 1. Cora Emma, born April 20, 1878; 2. George 
Henry, born November 25, 1879; died July 28, 1880; 3. 
George Albion, born February 26, 1882 ; 4. William 
Wright, born December 21, 1884. 

221. Mary F., born at Berwick, February 28, 1856 ; mar- 
ried August 4, 1873, Jacob Mason ; they had : 1. Lillie M., 
born July 24, 1874; 2. Mabel, born March 6, 1876; 3. 
Alice P., born August 6, 1878; 4, George C, born Sep- 
tember 29, 1880; 5. Cora E., born October 12, 1882; 6. 
Flora p]., born September 23, 1885. 


222. Henrietta, born at JCpping, New Hampshire, April 
19, 1854; died September 22, 1854. 

223. Isabel B., born at Epping, November 6, 1855. 

224. Alvah D., born at Epping, September 24, 1857; 
died September 8, 1859. 

225. Julia E., born at Epping, August 23, 1859. 

226. Alvah D., born at Epping, March 14, 1861. 

227. George W., died in South Lawrence, Massachu- 
setts, in May, 1897. 


228. Mabel F., born at Rollinsford, March 2, 1872 : mar- 
ried William E. Frost, April 25, 1891. 

229. Myrtle (Myrtle), born at Rolliusford, January 21, 
1875 ; died March 2, 1887. 

230. Hattie, boru at Rollinsford, October 26, 1879 ; died 
March 2, 1887. 

231. Flora, born at Rollinsford, May 15, 1885. 

232. Ralph, born at Rollinsford, July 5, 1890; died Sep- 
tember 7, 1890. 

233. Alphonso, born at Rollinsford, October 29, 1894. 

234. Ida M., born at Rollinsford, August 30, 1867 ; mar- 
ried Frank E. Sanborn May 7, 1887. 

235. Henry E., born at Rollinsford, March 25, 1869. 

236. Leander, born at Rollinsford, August 20, 1871; 
married Maud Foss June 22, 1892 ; children : 

287. Walter A. 

288. Ralph L. 

237. Lois, born at Rolliusford, February 27, 1874; 
married John Williams and lives in Walpole, Massachu- 

238. Elizabeth, born at Rollinsford, May 14, 1876. 

239. Lavina, born at Rollinsfoi'd, March 15, 1879 ; mar- 
ried Henry Hutchius of Dover, New Hampshire ; children : 
1. Roland, 2. Florence V. 

240. Helen, born at Rollinsford, June 26, 1882. 

241. Arthur, born at Rollinsford, September 14, 1881. 

242. William A., boru at Rollinsford, May 18, 1878. 

243. Sadie L., born at Rollinsford, March 14, 1881. 

244. Louis G., born at Rolliusford, December 4, 1894. 


245. Oscar A., born at Berwick, April .S, l-ST") ; mill- 
hand ; married Charlotte Lowell of South Berwick, August 
28, 1896. 

'2H]. Fred N., born at Berwick, October '.), 1880. 

24:7. Altie E., born November 19, 1878, at Dover. 

248. Myra B., born INIarch 22, 1880, at Dover. 

249. Frank A., born April 18, 188:3, at Dover; died 
September 14, 1884. 

250. Bernice F., born February 27, 1885, at Dover. 

251. Clarence, born February 22, 1889, at Dover. 

252. Mabel B., born April 6, 1891, at Dover. 

253. Mildred, born March 26, 1893, at Dover; died Octo- 
ber 17, 1895. 

254. Margaret Lucile, born January 8, 1896, at San 
Quentin, California; died March 11, 1896. 

255. Charles, born at Kennebunk. 

256. Myrtle,. born at Kennebunk. 

257. Adriana, born at East Baldwin, November 23, 1854 ; 
died October 24, 1856. 

258. Ellen M., born at East Baldwin, .Tuly 9, 1856. 

259. Etta B., born at p]ast Baldwin, December 27, 1857 ; 
died November 16, 1864. 

260. Edward AV., born at East Baldwin, .Tanuary 26, 
1860; corn-packer at Baldwin; married Elizabeth M. Bond 
of Baldwin, March 27, 1883; children: 

289. Elsie M. 

290. EarlW. 

291. Harold M. 

292. Mary A. 


261. Joanna E,, born at East Baldwin, February 19, 

262. Sarah F., born at East Baldwin, July 4, 1865 ; died 
in March, 1872. 

263. Gertrude A., born at East Baldwin, April 13, 1870 ; 
married December 24, 1892, John E. Snell of Jay, Maine; 
they had: 1. Henry A., born September 23, 1893; 2. Ber- 
tram S., born June 19, 1895 ; died September 24, 1895. 

264. Ethel E., born at East Baldwin, March 23, 1873; 
married Elmer E. Boothby, October 12, 1895. 

265. Frederick, born at Baldwin, August 18, 1857; lives 

266. Preston, born at Baldwin, in 1870; resides there. 

267. Howard L., born at Baldwin, February 2, 1864; 
married Elizabeth K. White, March 6, 1895 ; child : 

293. Delia. 

268. Mary N., born at Baldwin, February 20, 1867, 
married Burleigh F. Ridlon of Lynn, Massachusetts, Febru- 
ary 19, 1890. 

269. Phoebe F,, born at Deering, Maine, March 18 
1870 ; lives in Lynn. 

270. Waldo A., born in Deering, August 16, 1876; died 
at Deering, June 6, 1877. 

271. John, born at Lynn, November 1, 1885. 

272. Charles Frederick, born at Lynn, September 6, 

273. Eliza J., born at East Hiram, January 28, 1862; 
married July 3, 1883, Perley G. Rankin; children : 1. lOva, 
born February 19, 1892; 2. Ruth L., born September 19, 



1895 ; died January 22, l<s;)6; 3. Perloy, boin February 12, 
1897; died March 18, 1897. 

274. Horace D., born at East Hiram, February (!, 18(55; 
married. May 8, 1895, Celia M. Douglass. 


275. Cora W., born at East Hiram, Augusi 2(i, 1807; 
died December 20, 1.S79. 

276. Sophronia'R., boin at East Hiram, April 21, 1871 ; 
married P^dwin J. Spencer October 16, 1891: ; child : Frank- 
lin H., born May 23, 1897. 


277. Frederick L., born at East Hiram, .June 26, 1874; 
married Edua S. Sanborn June 19, 1897. 

278. Arthur, born July 19, 1876, at East Hiram; mar- 
ried Vesta F. Sanborn March 11, 1896 ; child : 

294. Lura Vesta. 

279. Daughter, born August 14, 1875 ; died, unnamed, 
August 28, 1875, at Berwick. 

280. Alvan B., born at Berwick, July 23, 1876; died 
February 13, 1877. 

281. Frank, born at Berwick, September 5, 1893. 

282. Olive, born at Berwick, March 20, 1895. 

283. May Edna, born at Stoneham, August 24, 1880; 
died January 12, 1881. 

284. Kate M., born July 5, 1872. 

285. Arthur H., born July 26, 1874. 

286. Harriet G., born April 1, 1880. 


287. Walter A., born at Rollinsford, March 10, 1894. 

288. Ralph L., born at Rollinsford, February 23, 1896. 

289. Elsie M., born at Baldwin, April 4, 1884. 

290. Earl W., born at Baldwin, December 12, 1885. 

291. Harold M., born at Baldwin. February 9, 1887. 

292. Mary A., born at Baldwin, October 27, 1888. 

293. Delia, born at Baldwin, December 1, 1896. 

294. Lura Vesta, born at Hiram, October 1, 1896. 



It seems proper to iusert under this heading the few 
records which cannot 3'et be used in connection with the 

Ber/ricJ: SokIJi J\irish. 

Mehitable Spencer and .lames Ilearl October 17, 17!)(». 

Mar}? (Molly) Spencer and Joseph Muchmore June 2(). 

Susanna Spencer and Tobias Sherbourne November 7, 

Jennie N. Spencer, aged 41, of Rollinsfojd and Lorenzo 
D. Merrow of Lawrence, Massachusetts, May 26, 1874. 

Loizie Spencer of Soutii Berwick and Michael Brewster 
of West AVanen, Massachusetts, December 16, 1801. 

Dorcas Spencer, born prior to 1785, and Ebenezer Abbot 
April 2'.), 1810. 


Mary E. Spencer and James Towle of Biddeford Janu- 
ary 1, 1850. 

Lydia Spencer and Daniel Libby, wlio was born October 
28, 1790. 


Laviuia, daughter of Eben Spencer, aud Ai Libby of 


William Spencer and Mary J, Libby August 10, 1857. 


Stephen Spencer and Mary Whitney August 24, 1804; 
they had: 1. Samuel, born April 16, 1804; 2. Alvin, born 
February 1, 1806 ; 3. E:sther, born March 6, 1808 ; married 
William vSawyer December 6, 1827; 4. Joseph, born March 
6, 1810; died June 4, 1829; 5. James, born February 7, 
1812; 6. Stephen, born February 24, 1814; died January 
20, 1817; 7. Mary, born April 1, 1816. Stephen's first 
wife died April 19, 1818, and he married Elizabeth Sargent, 
published July 21, 1821. His son, Samuel, married Mehit- 
able Goodwin, published January 24, 1829 ; he had : Joseph, 
born December 15, 1830; Henry, born May 13, 1832; 
Mary, born August 24, 1833 ; George, born May 24, 1835 ; 
Mehitable, born January 11, 1837. 


Sarah Spencer and Simon Johnson, published December 
17, 1802. 

Waterho rough. 

Ruth Spencer and George Bennett of Alfred December 1 , 

Joseph C. Spencer and Eleclra Thyng March 15, 1853 ; 
and Sarah Thyng November 25, 1859. 


-lohii Spencer and ]Mi-s. Susan Smith October 20, 1851. 
Louisa Spencer and Calvin W. Sniitii Septeml)er 17, IS'tT. 


.Tereniiali Spencer and Kstlier : their chihlren : 1. Eliza, 
born iNIav -"), 1802; died Noveniher 10. 1822; 2. Mary, 
born August 15, 1804; o. Sarah, born August 7, 1800; 
died February 12, 1823; 4. Lydia, born January 22, 1810. 
5. Louie, born October 3, 1813. Esther, wife of Jeremiah, 
died August 12, 1822, aged 43. lie married second Olive 
Butlaud, published March 20, 1825. 

Mary Spencer and Jothani Miiuson. 

* ******* * 


This family can have no near relation to ours, as their 
ancestor was contemporar}' with Thomas Spencer of South 
Berwick. There is nothing to show that he was a brother. 
John, alias George, Spencer was at York in 1(54(); prob- 
ably died there; children: 1. John, Jioiior ; probably he 
left no children, although he married a Brawn ; 2. Eben- 
ezer; 3. Deborah; 4. Bethuel. This line is extinct in that 
vicinity. These Spencers lived near that part of the town 
known as Bald Head CHIT. 

* ******* * 
Roger Spencer, who came to Saco in 1652, was of 

Charlestown, Massachusetts; he lived at Saco al)ont ten 
years and returned to Charlestown. 


The foUowiug account was given 1113- father, D. W. Spen- 
cer, by a Spencer, presumably John, who lived at Somers- 
worth. New Hampshire, in 1862 : 

'' Three Spencer brothers, Dominicus^ Daniel and Wil- 
liam^ whose father was an Englishman and whose mother 
was a Scotch woman, emigrated from Strong, King's county, 
England (King's county is really in Ireland) in June, 1712, 
and lauded at Plymouth, Massachusetts. 

" William settled at Kitter}' Point, or on the Maine side 
of the river nearly opposite where the Cocheco empties into 
the Salmon Falls river. 

" Doininiciis settled at the mouth of the Kennebec, where 
he died in 1716, after a desperate fight with an Indian of 
whom he bought his land for one barrel of rum and one 
half barrel of molasses ; after using the rum and molasses 
the Indian claimed the land again, whereupon they agreed 
to fight it out, the Indian stabbing Dominicus so that he 
lived but a short time. He killed the Indian dead on the 
spot. He left three boys, William, John, and Daniel. 

" Daniel settled on the Penobscot at Bucksport, where he 
raised eight bo3's and four girls ; in 1755, at the time of the 
Indian war, he returned to England and remained there un- 
til the Kevolution, when he was pressed into the English 
service and came to Boston and deserted at the battle of 
Lexington, after which he fought at the battle of Bunker 
Hill, where he met his son, Daniel, who was married and 
had three boys : David, William, aud Daniel. After the 
war he (probably Daniel, Jimior) had five boys and four 


From a writer in the Ikmiior Historical Magazine 1 eull 
the followino' extract: *' Spencer Families of Penobscot 

" I think the first Spencer settlement on the river was at 
Bradley, near the mouth of what is now known as Black- 
man brook. In the course of time they overflowed into 
Eddington, Orono, and that part of Bangor now Yeazey, 
and into all the up-river towns. I think there are more 
people in Penobscot county who are descendants of these 
early Spencers than from any other famil}'. Much time has 
been spent to get them into families, but without certain- 
ties in some cases." 

In Capt. John Chamberlain's Held notes (of Oi'ono) 171>7, 
he says : 

" October 19, proceeded down the river to Captain Col- 
burn's, take breakfast, go over to the east side of the river 
to survey squatter lands (in what is now Brewer). 

"1. Begun at Isaac Page's, 50 rods on the river, log 
house, small improvements, settled 10 years. 

"2. Southerly to Nathaniel Spencer, .//-., 50 rods on the 
river, log house, considerable improvements, some apple 

"3. Thence to Nathaniel Spencer, old man, 50 rods on 
the river, good improvements, log house, settled 1774. 

"4. Thence to Enoch Ayres', 50 rods on the I'iver, small 
improvements, settled 10 years. 

"5. Thence to Daniel Spencer's, 50 rods on the river, 
small improvements, settled by some Spencer, 1774, pur- 
chased by Moses Spencer. 


"6. Philip Spencer, 50 rods on the river, log house, 
small improvemeuts, settled 10 3^ears. 

" 7. Daniel Spencer, 50 rods on the river, log house, 
now sold John Spencer, settled 12 years." 

* ******* * 

Nathaniel Spencer, see Genealogy (28), soldier at Arun- 
del, Maine, 1757; may be identical with the Nathaniel 
who married Mary Spencer at Berwick April 7, 1757, and 
had several children. The records say of him at Berwick : 

" Order to Dr. .Tohn Parsons for six pounds one shilling, 
being in full for boarding, doctering, and tendance of 
Nathaniel Spencer thirty-one days in the year 1770; 
February 17, 1772, To an order to widow Mary Spencer 
(Freathy's widow) six shillings for support of Nathaniel 
Spencer's children; April 13, 1772, order to widow Mary 
Spencer for keeping three of Nathaniel Spencer's children ; 
March 11, 1773, order to Mary Spencer for keeping one of 
Nathaniel Spencer's children." 

There is no record of Nathaniel's death at Berwick. 
Nathaniel married at Cushnoc (Augusta), Maine, Decem- 
ber 8, 1772, Bridget Simpson; was at Orono in 1774, at 
Eddingtou in 1791, at Bradley on the Penobscot in 1797; 
he died in Bangor October 26, 1826, at the age of 103 or 
106 years ; he had been in the Revolution ; his wife died 
February 1, 1832; child: Nathaniel, Junior, of Orono in 
1774, Eddingtou plantation in 1791, and at Bradley in 
1797; married first Lucy Rankin, second Mary Warren, 
and had seventeen children ; died at Greenbush in Novem- 
ber, 1809; he had: 

Al'l'KNDIX. 241 

1. Benjamin, horn in liradloy ; maiiied Hannah Stanley 
of Pxldingtou July 1(5, ITDo; married second Thankful 
Page (Widow Place) of Eddington in December, 1824; she 
died in 18()3 ; he was a soldier at Orono in 179S; he had 
eight ciiildren by Hannah. 

2. James, in F^dinbnrg in 1813, at Gould's Ridge and 
Passadumkeag later ; married first Ann Ayres of Passadum- 
keag at Orono May 28, 1810; married a second wife, who 
had four children by a former husband and four by him. 

3. Asa, of Bradley, lived in Greenbush and died there ; 
son : Elijah, born October 9, 1803, and married Elizabeth 
Stanley in 1823. 

4. John. 

5. Lucy, married Caleb Maddocks. 

6. Israel. 

7. Abigail, married a Stone. 

8. Nathaniel, Tertius, born 1796; married Mrs. Sarah 
Page of Eddington, October 3, 1813 ; died December 30, 
1862, at Eddington. 

Isaac Spencer, see Genealogy (35), an original settler in 
Bradley; married Lucy Patten ; they had: 

I. Philip, who bought land of Samuel Wilson at Orring- 
ton in 1772; moved to Bradley in 1783; moved to Passa- 
dumkeag in 1816, on the line between it and Greenbush; 
married Lillis, daughter of Temperance Mansell, before 
1800 ; he died in Lowell ; she died in Greenbush ; their 
children : 1. Lucy, married William Foster of Argvle about 
1800; she died in 1826; he died in 1860; child: Nancy, 


married Joseph Libby of Molunkus ; 2. Jane, married John 
Philips, Junior, of Dedham ; o. Philip, Junior, married 
and settled in Arg3de on the Elisha Tnrtelot place before 
1813 ; 4. Patty, married William Bailey of Greenbnsh ; 
they had: p]leanor, Henry, Philip, George W., Daniel, 
William, Junior, Martha, Benjamin F., Charles A., Nan- 
cy: 5. Harriet; 6. Leah, married James Anderson; 7. 
George, married an Ayres ; 8. Nancy, married Gyles Lit- 
tlefield of Greenbnsh; 9. p]lijah, born Jannary 17, 171)9; 
married vSally Littlefield ; lived in Passadnmkeag or Grand 
Falls (now Bangor) ; Sally (Littlefield) Spencer married 
Zeaas Drinkwater of Oineville, January 4, 1823 ; 10. I'em- 
perauce, born in 1807; married Elizabeth Petteugill ; widow 
lives at East Lowell. 
IL Daniel, Senior. 

III. Nathaniel. 

IV. Samuel, of Orono ; married Phoebe Page November 8, 

V. William, of Orono ; married Huldah Page October 11, 

VI. Ruth, married her cousin, Daniel Spencer. 

VII. Martha, married Archibald McPhetres, who w-as 
born in 1797. 

VIII. Isaac, complained of for not training at Orono in 
1798 ; Methodist in 1812 ; probably married Lucy Hathoru, 
who was born September 16, 1785, and died July 31, 1848 ; 
children: 1. Lydia, born July 7, 1805; 2. Ashbel, born 
November 12, 1807; 3. George, born May 19, 1810; 4. 
Nancy, born October 29, 1812; 5. Daniel, born July 8, 


1814; G. Reuben, born September 8, 1817; 7. Liiemla, 
born November 8, 1820; 8. Isaac Hathorn, born March ;U, 
1823; 9. Albert, born December 8, 182.'). 

IX. Kliza1)etli. married William Inman about INOI. 

X. Hannah. 

* ******* * 

Daniel Spencer, see (lenealoo-y (54), in E(l(lin>iton in 
1784, upon land purchased b}' Moses Spencer, perhaps, 
in 1772; in Aroyle in 1787; at Bradley in 171»7; at Sun- 
berr^Mn 1797; the record has this: "Has fell trees, set- 
tled on a good spot of land and chopped two acres," of a 
Daniel at Milford; sold in Bradley in 1807; children: I. 
Daniel, Junior^ Bangor in 1785; II. Moses, of Bangor in 
1797; probably drowned there in 1821; married Sarah 
Grant of Eddiugton October 27, 1800; children: 1. Ste- 
phen; 2, Jordan. 

February' 2(5, 1773, Eunice Spencer mari'ied Ephraim 
Wilson, per Lincoln county record. 

John Spencer had chopped three acres at Argyle in 1796. 

In 1797, Nathaniel, Nathaniel, Junior^ Daniel, Junior, 
Philip Spencer, and their families lived at Bradley ; some 
had been there ten years and all had houses. 

December 19, 1797, Abigail Spencer of Belfast married 
Henry Lord of Prospect. 

Moses, William, Samuel, John, John, Jmtiur, Isaac, and 
Benjamin Spencer were soldiers at Coberton plantation 
(Orono) in 1798. 


Nancy Spencer of Great Works and Eufus Trafton of 
Suukhaze were published September 12, 1809, at Orono. 

October 17, 1811, Wealthy Spencer of Goose Pond and 
John Lords of Belfast were wed. 

Olive Spencer and Josiah Stone were published in Bangor 
March 27, 1814. 

John Spencer, died in Bangor October 6, 1816 ; children : 
1. Sally N.. born May 29, 1802 ; married William Thomas 
of Bangor March 30, 1822; 2. Peltiah, born June 17, 
1804; married Margaret Brown, published at Bangor 
March 13, 1824; Widow Mary Spencer married David 
Ring, published at Orono April 14, 1818. 

Isaac Spencer, died December 30, 1816, at Eddington, 
aged 22. 

Rebecca Spencer of Orono married P^ber Ring April 15, 

Robert Spencer and Affie Driukwater were published at 
Bangor July 4, 1822. 

September 21, 1831; Arabella Spencer of Rowland mar- 
ried John Hathorn of Passadumkeag. 

August 30, 1844, Charlotte administered on the property 
of her deceased husband, Samuel Spencer of Bradley ; the}^ 
had four children. 

February 18, 1851, Elizabeth, widow of John Spencer of 
Brewer, asked for the appointment of an administrator. 

Ann Spencer married Thomas Inmanof Orono. 

Dolly Spencer married Samuel Littlefield of Olamon 

Nathaniel, Daniel, and John Spencer were brothers. 



accon— account. 

Agamenticus — York village. 

Asbenbedick — Burleigh's Mills. 

Banke — Portsmouth, N. H. 

Barwick — Berwick. 

blew — blue. 

Bonabis — Bouneg Beag (ludiau). 

Cayrsey — Kersey. 

Cocheco — Dover, N. H. 

comons — commons. 

cordwainer — shoemaker (French). 

Cow Cove — inlet below Lower Landing. 

doe — do. 

dores — doors. 

ff — when initial capital F. 

Gillison — Jellison. 

Great Works — Burleigh's Mills. 

hamacher— hammock (Indian). 

Hobb's Hole— Burleigh's Mills. 

Inprs — in the first place. 

j — i in many cases. 

Kittery Commons — Maine lands near Salmon Falls. 

Laconia — Southeastern New Hampshire. 

lijng— lying. 

Little Newichawannock | ^ t ^ir i 

> Great Works river. 
Little River ) 

Lysborne — Lisbon. 

Magne — Maine. 

messuage — house and garden. 

Ministry — for the churcli. 

Newgewanacke — Newichawannock. 

Northam — Dover, N. H. 

Newtown — Cambridge, Mass. 

Old Fields— Yeaton's Mills. 

ordinary — tavern. 


Oyster River — Exeter. 

p — 2Jr in many cases. 

palisade — fence. 

pappoose — child (Indian). 

Parish of Unity— Berwick. 

Pennacook — Concord, jS". H. 

peyre — pair. 

Pied Cow — vessel. 

Pipestave Landing — Lower Landing. 

Piscatique — Piscataqua (Indian) . 

Quampheagan — Salmon Falls. 

sacliem — chief (Indian). 

sagamore — captain (Indian). 

sci mfir — skim me r. 

Scotland Parish — Northern York. 

skellett — frying-pan. 

Slut's Corner — Conway Junction. 

se — see. 

sjjonne — spoon. 

stileyard— steelyard. 

Strawberry Bank — Portsmouth, N. H. 

Sturgeon Creek — Eliot. 

sundrie— sundry. 

Tattanock — Tatnic (Indian). 

Towwoh — Lebanon. 

tynn — tin. 

u — V in many cases. 

uidzt — (vide licet) to wit; 

ure — pitcher. 

V — u in many cases. 

vinter — tavern-keeper. 

Wampegon — Quampeagan (Indian). 

Warwick — vessel. 

Willcox I Cox (pond). 

Wm. Cox ) 

Winnichahannat — Dover, N. H. 


wodden — wooden. 

well — wool. 

wras — whereas. 

y — til in many cases. 

yrabouts — thereabouts. 

21y — secondly. 

: or / — period. 


Annals of Portsmouth, Adams. 

Butler Genealogy, Butler. 

History of Maine, Sullivan. 

History of Maine, Williamson. 

Life of Capt. John Mason, Prince Society. 

New Hampsiiire State j'apers. 

Revolutionary Rolls of Massachusetts. 

York County Atlas. 

Wentworth Genealogy, Wentworth. 

The following county records have been reviewed: York, Cum- 
berland, and otliers formerly included in York; Rockingham and 
Strafford in New Hami^shire; Suft'olk and Plymouth in Massacliu- 

The following town records have been examined: Berwick, 
Biddeford, Kennebunk, Kennebunkport, Kittery, Lebanon, Saco, 
Sanford, South Berwick, Wells, and York in Maine; Dover, New- 
ington, Portsmouth, Rochester, Rollinsford, and Somersworth in 
New Hampshire. 



OCT 02