Skip to main content

Full text of "Major Notes"

See other formats





WINTER, 1962 


I 'W'i^: " #i s* ^. 

This Issue 

Feel short-changed? Major Notes 
has only 16 pages this issue, in case 
you haven't noticed. It's not siipply 
that we're lazy. The big story is com- 
ing to you in another form: a brochure 
describing the ambitions of the College 
in regard to the Development Pro- 
gram. If you have not already re- 
ceived a copy, you will shortly. 

The brochures will go to Mississippi 
Methodists and other friends in addi- 
tion to alumni, and the large produc- 
tion order necessitated an economy 
measure in the printing budget. 

All we'll say about the Development 
Program and the brochure describing 
it is that we hope no Millsaps alumnus 
will consider the plan simply another 
fund-raising campaign. It should be 
of vital interest and importance to 
each alumnus. A college which 
does not receive capital funds occa- 
sionally is in danger of becoming ob- 
solete — or of closing its doors. Fac- 
ulty salaries must be improved to at- 
tract and retain quality teachers, and 
buildings must be built and equipment 
supplied. The $30,000 which Millsaps 
College alumni contributed through 
the Alumni Fund last year was used 
to meet the most pressing needs of 
the College, leaving little for such 
long-range items as those above. 

Goal of the first phase of the ten- 
year campaign, which coincides with 
the 75th anniversary of the College 
(1890-1965), in terms of money is $1,- 
500,000, a nominal amount in compari- 
son with the sums sought by Saint 
Louis University ($18,000,000), Yale 
($69,000,000), Carleton College ($12,000,- 
000), and Agnes Scott ($4,500,000). 

The amount is not sought from alum- 
ni alone and is not to be confused 
with the Alumni Fund, the established 
way of support by alumni. This is a 
special fund for special needs, and 
friends throughout Mississippi, in par- 
ticular, will be reminded of their debt 
to Millsaps College. 

Money from the first phase will go 
to the improvement of faculty salaries, 
strengthening of the academic pro- 
gram, construction of the first unit 
of a fine arts building, renovation of 
Sullivan-Harrell Science Hall, and pur- 
chase of books for the library. 

But we'll let the brochure describe 
the campaign. Meanwhile, Major Notes 
will return in April with all the regu- 
lar features. 


College, Whitworth College, 
Millsaps College 

MEMBER: American Alumni Council, 
American College Public Relations 


3 A Happy Union 

7 The Image of Man and the Literary Experience 

12 France Decorates Ehzabeth Craig 

14 Major Miscellany 


One of the best-loved traditions of the Christmas season in 
Jackson is the Millsaps Singers' Feast of Carols, a highlight of the 
year since the early days of "Pop" King's reign. It provides a good 
illustration of the harmony, the close relationship, the inter-depend- 
ence between college and community. The singer is Miss Carleen 
Smith, of Vicksburg. 


Shirley Caldwell, '56, Editor 

James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni Association 

Illustrations on Pages 9 and 10 by Carol Robertson, '65. 

Volume 3 

JANUARY, 1962 

Number 2 

Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson, Mississippi. 
Entered as second class matter on October 15, 1959, at the Post 
Office in Jackson, Mississippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 


. . J 1 






<r ^-Jir: 

What makes a city great? Huge piles 

of stone 
Heaped heavenward? Vast multitudes 

who dwell 
Within wide circling walls? 

"The City's Crown" 
William Dudley Foulke 

A Happy Union 


.CCORDING to Plutarch, "The 
city is the teacher of the man" — a 
good reason for a college to be located 
in a city large enough to be deserving 
of the name. And so also is the col- 
lege a credit and a benefactor to the 
city. Each derives from the other ben- 
efits which could not come from other 
sources and which would be sadly 
missed if they were withdrawn. 

Jackson is by no means a large city 
— she's 110th in the nation — but 
she does offer advantages found no- 
where else in the state. Her cultural 
offerings are the best available local- 
ly, she is the seat of state government, 
she has good shopping facilities, she 
has strong churches. 

All of these are advantageous to 
Millsaps. But Millsaps gives as well 
as accepts. She gives alumni qual- 
ified to lead in every phase of life, 
she contributes to the city's cultural 
welfare, she adds a credit to the city's 
economic balance sheet. 

The couple is nearing its 75th anni- 
versary (1965). As at the beginning 
of every year, both parties should take 


Left: An increasingly large percentage 
of students enter the field of college 
teaching, an increasingly important 
field in the light of the college popula 
tion boom. These are some of last year's 
graduates who chose the field, pic 
tured with Dr. N. Bond Fleming, right 

Below: Karen Gilfoy, '56, typifies Mill 
saps alumni who contribute to the 
Jackson cultural scene. She has ap 
peared in several Little Theatre pro 
ductions and directs high school groups 
in dramatics. 

A Happy Union 

City Receives Alumni 

Approximately 2200 Millsaps College alumni live in 
Jackson, Mississippi. A city bent on growing and pro- 
gressing must be made up of people capable of growing 
and progressing. If Millsaps did not feel she is produc- 
ing such leaders, she could not justify her existence. 

As proof the following evidence can be indicated: 
In Jackson alone there are approximately 90 doctors and 
dentists, 325 teachers, 90 clergymen of four denomina- 
tions, 50 lawyers, 925 businessmen who are alumni of 
Millsaps. There are 800 housewives, journalists, religious 
life directors, scientists, druggists . . . 

It is to be expected that a college will develop in its 
students an appreciation for cultural, educational and mor- 
al values. A city which receives a large number of people 
with this appreciation is indeed fortunate. Jackson re- 
ceives almost a third of the Millsaps College alumni. 

Alumni and faculty members participate in as well 
as appreciate cultural activities. Alumni are to be found 
in almost every Little Theatre or Opera Guild cast. The 
Jackson Symphony boasts alumni and faculty members, 
and the Art Association enjoys the services of members 
of both groups. Churches benefit from the leadership 
of both alumni and faculty in many capacities. 

As for civic, business and professional leaders, space 
limitations and the danger of overlooking someone pro- 
hibit examples. 

The fact that such alumni are produced is proof of 
the school's scholastic excellence. Jackson can be proud 
of being the home of a college which enjoys the high 
reputation which Millsaps does. Ever-increasing efforts 
are made to insure the continuation of this eminence in 
the field of education. Proof? The recent self-study 
program, the Ten-Year Development Program, the Na- 
tional Science Foundation Undergraduate Research Pro- 
gram, the language laboratory, the Junior Year Abroad 
Program, the Washington Semester Program, the com- 
prehensive examination, the tightening of requirements. 

A Happy Union 

Cultural Offerings Outstanding 

The Millsaps Players give four productions a year; 
the Millsaps Singers present an^ average of four concerts 
on the campus annually; the Student Association sponsors 
one or more programs a year; the Culture and Education 
Committee sponsors an average of six programs a year; 
national talent is brought to the campus an average of 
twice annually; an Arts Festival is held annually. The 
list of campus-sponsored functions to which the commu- 
nity is invited is impressive, and the number of persons 
attending these functions might come as a surprise to 

Millsaps has reason to be proud of its cultural con- 
tributions. For example: 

The Millsaps Players have been called the group 
which has done more to raise theatrical standards in the 
state than any other force. It has presented in the past 
few years "Teahouse of the August Moon," "South Pa- 
cific," "Summer and Smoke," "Julius Caesar," "Death of 
a Salesman," "Diary of Anne Frank," "The Rainmaker," 
"A Streetcar Named Desire," "Tiger at the Gates" — the 
list could go on and on. 

Convincing proof of the Singers' reputation for ex- 
cellence is found in the capacity audiences which attend 
each of their presentations, from the ever-popular "The 
Messiah" to less familiar works such as "The Passion of 
Our Lord According to Saint Matthew." The three groups 
are in demand off-campus as well as on, as evidenced 
by their upcoming repeat appearance with the Memphis 

The Coachmen, the increasingly popular vocal 
group composed of Millsaps students, gave its second 
Student Association-sponsored concert this year to an 
almost-filled auditorium. They, too, give off-campus per- 
formances. The Student Association brought pianist 
Roger Williams to the campus last year and the Brothers 
Four the year before. 

Culture and Education Committee programs are de- 
signed to provide speakers and subjects of interest for 
the entire community. Among the outstanding person- 
alities appearing has been Eudora Welty, who partici- 
pated in a symposium and answered candidly questions 
concerning her work. 

Appearing on the campus in the past few years have 
been Sir John Gielgud, considered by many the world's 
greatest actor; Cornelia Otis Skinner, who delighted her 
audience with her character sketches; Theodore Ullman, 
pianist; the Trio Concertante, a stringed instrument 
group; and above-mentioned Brothers Four and Roger 
Williams. Their visits have been sponsored by campus 
groups who must make up any difference in fee and in- 
come. Their appearances are seldom money-making ven- 

The Arts Festival is new to the cultural scene at 
Millsaps, but it seems definitely destined to become a 
regular part of it. Sponsored by the Art Club and 
Stylus, it features an art display and readings of ma- 
terial which appears in Stylus. 

The off-campus visitors who enjoy these offerings 
could be numbered in the thousands. 

Lectures of all sorts are held on the campus. For the most part open to the public, they are sponsored by depart- 
ments, by extra-curricular groups, and by outside organizations desiring to use campus facilities. Millsaps shares 
its facilities with groups large and small and is happy to be able to do so. 

A Happy Union 

An Economic Asset 

Millsaps has an annual operating budget of $1,250,000. 
Its faculty and staff will receive a combined total of 
$619,254.13 this year, most of which will be spent in 
Jackson. Its students will spend approximately $275,000 
this year in the city for food, clothing, entertainment. 
Approximately $2,000,000 has been spent for capital im- 
provements and new buildings in the past seven years. 

Few recognize a college's contribution to the econ- 
omy of a city. But a college the size of Millsaps brings 
in more than 1000 people annually whose money circu- 
lates in Jackson — and that doesn't include such visitors 
as parents, alumni, and other students attending campus 
events. This is in addition to the money spent on the 
operation of the College. Faculty members must have 
homes, food, and clothing for themselves and their fami- 
lies; the school cafeteria must provide food; the buildings 
must be heated and cooled and lit; clerical, janitorial, 
cafeteria, post office jobs must be filled, usually by Jack- 
sonians; students who live away go home, and they must 
buy gas or bus, plane, or train tickets; all — students, 
teachers — will have entertainment; buildings must be 
improved and built. 

Even with all this, no one would say that the eco- 
nomic aspect is the most important part of a college's 

Upper left: Planners of this year's Arts Festival, Dr. 
George Boyd, Rachael Peden, and Jim Leverett, discuss 
the success of the event. They are standing in front of 
a painting by Miss Peden. 

Lower left: Lance Goss, right, director of the famed 
Players, greets members of an audience. 

Upper right: Clothes attract the coeds, as Emily Lemas- 
son proves as the tries on a coat in Camille's Dress Shop. 
Offering advice are Suzanne Ransburgh and Bettye West. 

Lower right: Jackson offers opportunity for research. 
Gil Randall investigates a problem at the Department of 
Archives and History. 



A College Contributes: 

Learned discussions by its faculty members. 
Each address in last year's chapel series was 
read ag^ain in the evening for the benefit of the 





The Image Of Man 


The Literary Experience 


Chairman, Department of Romance Languages 

You have heard much from this rostrum concerning 
the image of man. Literature is a way of seeing and a 
way of showing and it is a prime function of the literary 
experience to correct distorted imagery and myopic vision. 
Reflect for a moment upon the image that most of you 
have of me in your mind's eye at this time: most of you 
see me as a sort of Devil, horsewhip raised high above 
my head, herding you into electronically equipped stalls 
in a room we prosaically call "The Language Labora- 
tory." It is my sincere regret that the number of you 
with whom I have had the privilege of examining some 
of the world's greatest literature is small indeed. 

Most of what I wish to say to you and to have you 
consider with me will be equally pertinent for any form 
of artistic expression, for the essential elements of all 
art forms are fused in literature; but. since we have been 
asked to address our remarks to the literary experience, 
I shall ask that you accept with me the fact that language 
and literature are as inseparable from one another as the 
chromatic scale from modern music and as color pig- 
ments from painting. Therefore, in those places where 
I refer to literature, I also mean language as the medium 
and as the tools of literature. But the problems of se- 
mantics remain as great today as they have in any time. 
Language alone is not enough. The spoken word falls 
upon avaricious air, drifts, loses its force and meaning, 
and disappears, unrecorded. It is the function of litera- 
ture to check this drift and to record and fix the mean- 
ing of the word. It is the function of the writer, as 
Mallarme so clearly saw, to give "a purer meaning to 
the ordinary word." How often it is that we say we 
are at a loss for words to express our feelings. It was this 
that the Little Prince of Antoine de Saint-Exupery had in 
mind when he so wistfully stated that language is the source 
of misunderstanding. Even so masterful a manipulator 
of words as Gustave Flaubert, the father of realism in 
the novel in France and the author of perhaps the great- 
est realistic novel in any language (Madame Bovary) — 
even this craftsman of superb style recognized man's 
often frustrated aspirations to verbal self-expression. In 
the great novel which I have mentioned he wrote: 

". . . for none of us can ever express the 
exact measure of his needs or his 
thoughts or his sorrows; and human 
speech is like a cracked kettle on which 
we tap crude rhythms for bears to dance 
to, while we long to make music that will 
melt the stars." 

(Steegmuller translation, p. 216) 
That language is, in part, a reflection of man's image 
is undeniable. Our dean of American poets, Robert 
Frost, has acknowledged this in a modern and wonderful 
way in speaking of his invitation to read one of his own 
compositions at the recent inaugural ceremonies for 
President Kennedy. Mr. Frost stated, "Poetry can only 
really live in the language it was born in, and a nation 
had better be looking to protect its language and so 
protect its poetry." This statement is true not only of 
poetry but of all literary expression. 

Perhaps what Mr. Frost meant can best be seen in 
one of his loveliest poems, "Stopping by Woods on a 
Snowy Evening": 

Whose woods these are. I think I know. 
His house is in the village though; 
He will not see me stopping here 
To watch his woods fill up with snow. 

My little horse must think it queer 
To step without a farmhouse near 
Betwen the woods and frozen lake 
The darkest evening of the year. 

He gives his harness bells a shake 
To ask if there is some mistake. 
The only other sound's the sweep 
Of easy wind and downy flake. 

The woods are lovely, dark and deep, 
But I have promises to keep, 
And miles to go before I sleep 
And miles to go before I sleep. 

And yet, how dim becomes the imagery and how 
outof-tune the music of these haunting lines when one 
attempts to render them into another language: 

A la lisiere des bois une nuit de neige 

A qui ces bois, je crois le savoir. 

Mais il demeure au loin dans le village. 

Done il ne me verra pas ici 

Regardant se remplir de neige ses bois. 

Mon petit cheval doit me trouver bien fou 
De m'arreter sans aucune maison aux alentours 
Entre les bois et le lac gele 
Le soir le plus noir de toute I'annee. 

II secoue les grelots de ses brides 
Pour me demander si je me trompe ou non 
Et le seul autre bruit qu'on entend 
C'est le vent doux et la chute des flocons. 

Les bois sont beaux, epais et noirs 

Mais il faut leur dire au revoir 

Car j'ai des promesses a garder 

Et des milles a faire avant de me coucher 

Et des milles a faire avant de me coucher. 

Likewise is the reverse of this problem true for 
the lovely lyrics of the French symbolist Paul Verlaine. 
His poem "Chanson d'automne" says little to us indeed 
in English translation: 

The long sighs of autumn violins 

Wound my heart with a monotonous languor. 

The world is stifling and still 

When the hour strikes. 

And I reflect upon former days, and I weep. 

And I go forth upon an ill wind 

That wafts me here and there like a dead leaf. 

In translation all the music and the suggestive qual- 
ity of the poem are lost. What is left is a literal para- 
phrasing, lacking imagery and the evocative power of 
the original: 

Les sanglots longs 
Des violons 

De I'automne 
Blessent mon coeur 
D'une langueur 


Tout suffocant 
Et bleme, quand 

Sonne I'heure, 
Je me souviens 
Des jours anciens 

Et je pleure; 

Et je m'en vais 
Au vent mauvais 

Qui m'emporte 
Deca, dela, 
Pareil a la 

Feuille morte. 

The problem becomes even greater in highly inflected 
languages where each inflected tone takes on a specific 

and different meaning, as in Japanese. A poem com- 
posed of three lines of this language can take on many 
nuances of meaning and suggestion in the original lan- 
guage, whereas the translator must resort to a literal 

Hana no yume kikitaki cho ni koe mo nashi 
Literally this poem means: 

The butterfly's dream of flowers 
I fain would ask, 
But it is voiceless. 
By altering the inflection slightly, it might also mean 
"the butterfly is voiceless" or that "the flowers are voice- 
less" in addition to the dream that is voiceless. 

And how could it ever be possible to recapture in 
another tongue the unique tone and flavor of Eudora 
Welty's delightful style? A typical passage which will 
immediately suggest to you the difficulties involved is 
this one from her short story "Shower of Gold": 
So they were making tails and do-lollies 
and all kinds of foolishness, and sticking 
them on to their little middles and 
behinds, snatching every scrap from the 
shirts and flannels me and Snowdie was 
cutting out on the dining room table. 
Sometimes we could grab a little boy 
and baste something up on him whether 
or no, but we didn't really pay them 
much mind, we was talking about the 
prices of things for winter, and the 
funeral of an old maid. (p. 12) 
Perhaps this is the most convincing proof of the 
necessity for reading literature in the language of its 
origin. How pitifully few are the students who ever 
get beyond the elementary or, at best, the intermediate 
level of language study. These levels, in the liberal arts 
college, should be considered merely as stepping stones 
to the greater literary experience that lies ahead and 
just over the horizon at the point where most of you 
abandon your foreign language training. You are not 
so much to be blamed as is the system of which you 
are the victims, especially in this state, where the pri- 
mary and secondary schools only rarely offer courses 
in modern foreign languages. Moves £U-e now under way 
to correct this tragic negligence. The renaissance of 
language training, though a hundred years late, is hard 
upon us and extends into the realms of the sciences and 
the humanities alike. In a recent article by Mr. Robert 
C. Anderson, director of the Southern Regional Educa- 
tional Board, one reads: 

It is impossible to carry out research or 
to communicate with fellow workers 
without some knowledge of languages 
other than the mother tongue. While the 
smaller countries may not always put 
sufficient emphasis on the teaching of 
languages to students of science, it is the 
scientists of the United States who are 
sadly lacking .... The United States is 
probably weaker in foreign language abil- 
ities than any other major country in the 
world .... Today it is a fact that over 
half of the public high schools in the 
United States do not offer any foreign 
language. This is no longer a question for 
academic debate but is a primary front 
for action as America moves ahead into 
stronger world leadership for scientific 
and sociological advancement. 


"In translation all the music and the suggestive qual- 
ity of the poem are lost. What is left is a literal para- 
phrasing, lacking imagery and the evocative power of 
the original." 

If it is true, then, that America is just waking up 
to the necessity for foreign language study with the 
creation of the National Defense Education Act institutes 
and subsidies, it is to the literary experience that one 
must look for some compensation for this deficiency, for 
the literary experience, in the final analysis, has never 
failed man. 

In considering the image of man in the literary ex- 
perience, let us attempt to establish from the beginning 
just what it is we mean by "the image of man" and 
by "the literary experience." Among the many entries 
to be found in the dictionary under image are these 
which I have chosen to communicate in what sense I 
use the term: "an image is a counterpart, a symbol, a 
representation, a portrait, a mental picture or impression, 
a concept, an optical appearance or counterpart of an 
object, such as is produced by rays of light either re- 
flected as from a mirror, refracted as through a lens, or 
falling on a surface after passing through a small aper- 
ture." I submit that the mind of the artist, then, is that 
small aperture through which the light of vision passes 
to be reflected in the work of art, producing the image 
that is the representation of man and of being. 

What, now, do we mean by "the literary experience"? 
First, by literature and literary I mean that body of 
imaginative literature which draws its matter from that 
which is universal, constant and moving in life. To indicate 
more clearly what I mean, let me say that it is generally 
accepted in romance philology that the first extant docu- 
ment written in French is the Oath of Strasbourg, wiiich 
dates from 842 A. D. This is a treatise terminating a 
war and establishing geographical boundaries. This is 
the first linguistic monument in romance. But the first 
literary monument to survive in the French language 
dates from 884 with the Canticle of Saint Eulalia, some 
forty years after the French language came into its own. 

The opening lines are as follows: 

Buona pulcella fut Eulalia. Bel auret corps, 
Bellezour anima . . . 

(A lovely girl was Eulalia. lovely was her form. 
More lovely still her soul.) 

This is imaginative literature in which, in those few 
words, one sees the poetic imagination alert and at work. 
By the literary experience, then, 1 mean the reciprocal 
communication of seeing and feeling in an imaginative 
way. Under the entries in the dictionary for experience 
is to be found the justification for this meaning. One 
reads, "a state of mind or feeling forming part of the 
inner religious life .... the state of having been occu- 
pied or engaged in the intercourse of life." This kind 
of literature affords a way of seeing and a way of show- 
ing that which is everlasting and true in existence. Great 
and imaginative literature is a visual experience, seeing 
into the past, reflecting the present, with a tremulous 
glimpse into the future — and in this pool of light and 
darkness is reflected the image of man and the essence 
of life. The exchange of ideas provoked by this vision 
into time is the literary experience's greatest contribu- 
tion, for this exchange is intoxicating and, what is better 
still, it is contagious. This is the essence of Dante's great 
tribute to his teachers when in Canto XV of the Inferno 
he wrote: 

Che 'n la mente m'e fitta e or mi accora 

La cara e buona imagine paterna 
Di voi, quando nel mondo ad ora ad ora 
M'insegnavate come I'uom s'etterna. 

(Inferno, xv, 82-82) 

(For in my mind is clearly fixed and my 
heart well knows the cherished, paternal 
image of you, my teacher, when from 
hour to hour you taught me how man 
makes himself eternal.) 

And as far as this contagious virus is concerned, 
thank God all material progress and scientific achieve- 
ment and socio-psychological "know-how" will never find 
a cure for it. Our only hope is that the virulence of 
the virus will increase and spread like brush fire to 
every corner of the human heart, for this is a disease 
that makes one whole and alive again. 

It remains for us now to attempt to identify what 
the subject matter of imaginative literature is to be and 
has been for all time. Imaginative literature addresses 
itself to those immortal, intangible, immaterial elements 
of which man's dreams, illusions, disillusions, and aspi- 
rations are made. These are the qualities which the 
ISth century German poet Friedrich Holderlin had in 
mind when he wrote: 

Es nehmet aber 
Und giebt Gedachtniss die See, 
Und die Lieb' auch heftet fleissig die Augen. 
Was bleibet aber, stiffen die Dichter. 

(But the sea 

Our memories both withdraws and restores. 

And love too seizes and holds our eyes. 

Yet all that endures, is given to us by the poets.) 

The 19th century French poet Charles Baudelaire 
concerned himself primarily with these same considera- 


tions in his stress upon the "language of flowers and 
of silent things." And was it not Mohommed who said. 
If a man find himself with bread 

in both hands, he should exchange 
one loaf for some flowers; since 
the loaf feeds the body indeed, 
but the flower feeds the soul. 

Imaginative literature draws its subject matter from 
these things which are the same considerations of Con- 
fucius and Mohammed; of the authors of the Canticle of 
Saint Eulalia and of the Biblical Canticles; of Baudelaire 
and Flaubert; of Proust, Gide, and Camus; of Marcus 
Aurelius and Gerard Manley Hopkins; and of Robert 
Frost. Mr. Hopkins has beautifully catalogued these sub- 
jects which move man to the feeding of his soul in his 
exquisite poem "Pied Beauty." 

Glory be to God for dappled things — 

For skies as couple-colored as a brindled cow; 
For rose-moles all in stipple upon trout 
that swim; 

Fresh-firecoal chestnut-falls; finches' wings; 
Landscapes plotted and pieced — fold, fallow, 
and plow; 

All things counter, original, spare, strange; 

Whatever is fickle, freckled (who knows how?) 
He fathers-forth whose beauty is past change: 
Praise Him! 

The literary experience, in turn, extends to include 
the magic world of music and, though the medium is 
slightly different, the matter is the same. What could 
be more touching than the soaring melody of Mimi as 
she sings of these same ingredients: 

Mi piaccion quelle cose che han 
si dolce malia, che parlano d'amor, 
di primavere, che parlano di sogno e 
di chimere, quella cose che 
han nome poesia . . . 
. . ma quando vien lo sgelo, 11 
primo sole e mio. II primo bacio 
dell'aprile e mio! II primo sole e mio! 

(And I take such pleasure in all those 
things which have delight, that speak of 
love, of springtime, that tell of dreams 
and illusions, and all those things which 
we call poetry . . . 
But when springtime comes and the 

snows are gone, 
the first ray of sunshine is mine, 
the first kiss of April is all mine, 
the first sunbeam is mine!) 

Chaucer, too, caught the joy of the first kiss of spring 
and immortalized it for all time in his 

Whan that Aprille with his shoures soote 

The droghte of March hath pierced to the roote, 

And bathed every veyne in swich licour 

Of which vertu engendred is the flour. 

Perhaps one of the finest expressions of this matter 
is in the Latin poet Marcus Aurelius of the 2nd century 
A. D. Recognizing the fragile and transitory qualities of 
all things, he attempted to fix and hold to that which 
endures in the literary experience. In his Meditations, 
which I highly recommend to each of you, he wrote: 
How small a part of the boundless and unfath- 
omable time is assigned to every man? For it 

is very soon swallowed up in the eternal. And 
how small a part of the whole substance? And 
how small a part of the universal soul? And on 
what a small clod of the whole earth thou 
creepest? . . . Some things are hurrying into 
existence, and others are hurrying out of it; and 
of that which is coming into existence, part is 
already extinguished. Motions and changes are 
continually renewing the world, just as the un- 
interrupted course of time is always renewing 
the infinite duration of ages. In this flowing 
stream then, on which there is no abiding, what 
is there of the things which hurry by on which 
a man would set a high price? ... Of human 
life, the time is a point, and the substance is in 
a flux, and the perception dull, and the compo- 
sition of the whole body subject to putrefaction, 
and the soul a whirl, and fortune hard to divine, 
and fame a thing devoid of judgment. And, to 
say all in a word, everything which belongs to 
the body is a stream, and what belongs to the 
soul is a dream and vapor, and life is a warfare 
and a stranger's sojourn, and after-fame is ob- 
livion. What, then, is that which is able to con- 
duct a man? One thing, and only one — 
Philosophy . . . ." 

By philosophy Marcus Aurelius seems to have meant 
clearly onthology, the concern with problems of being 
and existence. The loveliest passages, the most mem- 
orable ones, in Shakespeare are those devoted to con- 
siderations of being and to the intangible quality of 
beauty, to the lark's song at dawn or at dusk which the 
19th century Frenchman Jules Michelet characterized 
as "holy poetry, fresh as dawn, as pure and joyous as 
the heart of a child" and which Anouilh used to sym- 
bolize the voice and inner beauty of Saint Joan. 

In the 20th century, as in the past, the prime con- 
cern of imaginative literature has been with these same 

"That language is, in part, a reflection of man's image 
is undeniable. . . ." 


factors. This concern in France lias taken on the stature 
of a literary movement which was, for the salte of con- 
venience, called "existentialism," though the philosophy 
of existence has been the concern of men of letters since 
earliest times. Closely associated with this movement 
has been the concept of the literature of revolt, but the 
idea of the literature of revolt as pertaining uniquely 
to the 20th century with the advent of the Existentialists 
and the Angry Young Men is an erroneous concept. 
Since the beginning of the written word, literature has 
always been a literature of revolt — revolt either for 
or against some ideal, revolt for freedom of the spirit 
into the realm of the rarefied, upper stratosphere where- 
in the literary experience operates, the only difference 
being one of degree — the degree to which the work of 
art devotes itself either to the ideal or to the real. These 
are the two basic ingredients of imaginative literature, 
and it is in this light that the so-called "literature of 
revolt," as best represented in France by Albert Camus, 
must be seen. Mr. Thomas Hanna, in his The Thought 
and Art of Albert Camus, sees that "the greatest style 
issues from the extreme tensions of man's nostalgia and 
reality's disorder. The novel undertakes to create a 
world which is not necessarily more beautiful, but which 
has unity, destiny and completeness." These are the 
same requisites for beauty which Saint Augustine estab- 
lished with his concept of "wholeness, harmony and 
radiance," on which James Joyce has so beautifully elab- 
orated in his Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. 
The literature of revolt, then, should not be understood 
as a literature of evasion and negation, but rather as 
being in the tradition of imaginative literature of all 
time, imaginative literature which elevates and liberates 
the human spirit, which in its language is suggestive and 
awakens us to new meaning and moves to the realiza- 
tion of the existence of soul. Mr. Archibald MacLeish, 
in his recently published Poetry and Experience, puts 
it this way: 

The poet occupies a center of awareness, a 
center of receptivity and it is his function to 
trap Heaven and Earth in the cage of form . . . 
The crime against life, the worst crime of all 
crimes, is not to feel. And there was never, 
perhaps, a civilization in which that crime, the 
crime of torpor, of lethargy, of apathy, the 
snake-like sin of coldness-at-the-heart, was com- 
moner than in our technological civilization. If 
poetry did nothing else, it might help us to re- 
cover some of our lost humanity. 
I would extend this statement made by Mr. Mac- 
Leish to read, "If literature did nothing else, it might 
help us recover some of our lost humanity." 

My esteemed colleague Professor Boyd has made 
the statement that "poetry will not save your soul, but 
it will teach you that you have one." If I may be so 
bold, I should like to qualify this penetrating obser- 
vation by saying that poetry and imaginative literature 
in general do teach us that we have a soul and that, 
furthermore, this cognizance of soul is a first and es- 
sential step to the salvation of soul. 

We must be brought to feel the vibrant beauty that 
everywhere abounds and endures. We must dispel once 
and for all the fallacy that it is a sin to feel. The 
awareness of "soul" is the product of the literary ex- 
perience, and the image of man in the literary experi- 
ence is reflected in the expression of man's recognition 
of the existence of his soul. This is, in part at least, 
what Anatole France saw when he defined literary 

criticism as "the adventures of a soul among master- 
pieces." This recognition of soul and of self, of man 
and his time, of man's image, is best afforded us by 
the enchanted and enchanting realm of the literary 
experience. The knowledge of the literature of one's 
own heritage, as well as a working acquaintance with 
the literature and language of another or more cultures, 
is essential to this experience and serves as a window, 
open upon the broad vistas of civilization and affording 
to each of us a sharper, more enduring, more compre- 
hensive reflection of man's image in the past, in the 
present and in future time. 

I am not advocating a blind and unrestrained di- 
lettantism, but rather do I advocate the need for a 
more healthy balance in our time between materialism 
and idealism. This is the same need for balance which 
Confucius meant when he said, "When substance over- 
balances refinement, crudeness results. When refine- 
ment overbalances substance, there is superficiality. 
When refinement and substance are balanced, one has 
Great Man." (#18, p. 47) 

Writing in our own time, the great art historian 
Bernard Berenson advocates this same need for balance: 
The universe we ordinarily have to deal with, 
we who are not physicists or astronomers, the 
universe within the range of our almost unas- 
sisted senses, we designate as Nature. It is not 
by submitting to it completely, or by wallowing 
in the satisfactions with which it rewards every 
other animal, even those of the most rudimen- 
tary type, that we have evolved into the humane 
as well as human intelligences that we now are. 
It is rather by facing nature and getting the 
better of her, and making her work for us and, 
if need be, fight for us. Not only in the world 
without but within ourselves must we face and 
fight nature and try to tame the tiger, the 
snake, or the louse lurking in the inner-most 
recesses of the civilized heart. We must strug- 
gle with other wild beasts for food, for sex, for 
power, and for display. As far away as we our- 
selves can go without losing any advantage of 
being the instruments that we are: instruments 
not only of intelligence and precision, but of 
feeling, of sympathy, understanding, enjoyment, 
meditation, and dreaming. At all costs we must 
avoid perfecting one side of the instrument at 
the expense of the others." 

(Berenson: Aesthetics and History, 

Doubleday, 1948, p. 129) 

It seems to me that it is to this end that every lib- 
eral arts institution in the nation, and most especially 
this one, is dedicated, though I would disagree with Mr. 
Berenson when he emphasizes the need to tame the 
demon within us and say that we should strive more 
towards setting free the demon that lurks in the far 
recesses of every civilized heart, for this demon is our 
individual creativity. 

Now, as in the past, rapid change is still the order 
of the day, and man desperately needs something that 
will jolt him into the realization of universal, eternal 
truth, beauty, and values. If there is no reflection for 
the mirror of time and existence, the existence will have 
been of little worth. The literature of any age and of 
any race is one of the clearest reflections of man's image 
in that age and of his sense of universal and eternal 
truth and beauty. 


Elizabeth Craig Honored 

By French Government 

Monsieur Liger-Belair pins a medal on 
Miss Craig. She holds a scroll of com- 
mendation from France. 

Recognition of "exceptional and in- 
spirational teaching" was made in De- 
cember by the Government of France 
in naming Miss Elizabeth Craig Che- 
valier dans rOrdre des Palmes Acad- 

Miss Craig, associate professor of 
French at Millsaps since 1926, was 
decorated by Monsieur Jacques Liger- 
Belair, consul-adjoint de France to 
New Orleans, in formal ceremonies in 
the Christian Center auditorium. In- 
clement weather and a 45-minute de- 
lay did not keep approximately 400 
former students and friends from at- 
tending the ceremony. The long delay, 
the indirect result of the bad weather, 
was caused by the fact that Monsieur 
Liger-Belair's plane could not land be- 
cause of an accident at the airport. 

The Order was originated in 1808 
in conjunction with the Napoleonic 
reorganization of the French univer- 
sity system. The award is conferred 
by the Minister of Public Education 
to writers, artists, and teachers for 
meritorius service to the cause of 

In the realm of teaching, distinction 
is awarded to persons who have con- 

Many of the honoree's friends come by to congratulate her during the re- 
ception immediately following the ceremony. 

tributed by their exceptional and in- 
spirational teaching to the develop- 
ment of the program of educational 
institutions and for contributing to 
the intellectual and artistic propaga- 
tion of French civilization, according 
to William Baskin, chairman of the 
department of romance languages at 
Millsaps, who recommended Miss Craig 
for the honor. 

In recommending Miss Craig as the 
recipient of the Palmes Academiques 
to the Governnment of France, the 
following statement was made: 

"Professor of French at Millsaps 
College since 1926, Miss Craig's per- 
sonal charm and professional excel- 
lence have been a constant source 
of inspiration and delight to her 
colleagues and students. Her deep 
love for France and for the language 
and civilization of that great country 
has been a profound influence upon 
the thousands of students who have 
studied with her. Her enthusiastic 
teaching has inspired hundreds 
of students to continue their 
studies in French beyond the mini- 
mum number of courses required of 
them in this subject. Because of Miss 
Craig's influence, many of these stu- 
dents have specialized in French lan- 
guage and literature. A large per- 
centage of these have continued their 
work in graduate schools in the United 
States and abroad, and many have 
entered the teaching profession to 
share with others the love and knowl- 
edge of France which was instilled 
in them by Miss Craig. 

"The number of students majoring 
in French at Millsaps College has 
shown a marked increase each year 
due in large measure to Miss Craig's 

"In Miss Craig the people of France 
and their country have a true and 
valuable friend." 

Miss Craig received her Bachelor of 
Arts degree from Barnard College and 
Master of Arts degree from Columbia 


University. She has had further study 
at the University of Paris. She is a 
member of the American Association 
of Teachers of French; the Mississippi 
Modern Language Association; the 
American Association of University 
Professors; Pi Delta Phi, French hon- 
orary; Eta Sigma Phi, classical lan- 
guages honorary; and Sigma Lambda, 
women's leadership honorary. 

Prior to the ceremony Millsaps Pres- 
ident H. E. Finger, Jr., and Mrs. Finger 
honored Miss Craig at a formal din- 
ner. A reception was held immedi- 
ately following the presentation. 

Since coming to Millsaps in 1926 she 
has become as much a part of the 
campus scene as Founders Hall or 
eight o'clock classes. Her classes are 
renowned for their spirit of convivi- 
ality and camaraderie. She discovered 
long ago that foreign language is one 
subject which lends itself to infor- 
mality and fun — a fact which her 
students remember only in conjunc- 
tion with one which says that sound 
preparation is essential for this atmos- 

She dismissed her classes to be with 
relatives the day following the cere- 
monies, the first time she had done 
so without pressing cause, she says, 
since the day France was liberated 
by Allied troops, when she fulfilled 
a promise to her students to abandon 
classes in celebration of the event. 
During the war her map of France 
was draped in black. Her love of the 
country has been evident and inspir- 
ing to her students. 

TAW" g 

(Children listed in this column must 
be under one year of age. Please re- 
port births promptly to assure pub- 

Laurie Lee Arnold, born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Tom Arnold (Janice Bower, '58), 
of South Hill, Virginia, on September 
25. A sister welcomed her in addition 
to the proud parents. 

Lauren Allison Hales, born Septem- 

iber 11 to the Reverend and Mrs. Gra- 
ham Hales, of New Castle, Kentucky. 
Mr. Hales graduated in 1957. 

Gregory Patrick Logan, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Tom Logan (Pat Warren, '54- 
'57). of Birmingham, Alabama, on Oc- 
tober 19. He has a brother. Allan, 2. 

James Keaton Love, born May 8 to 
Mr. and Mrs. Kimble Love (Anne Hy- 
man), '60 and '57-'58, of Jackson. He 
has a brother, Kimble Love, Jr. 

Bryant Lewis Poole, born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank Poole (Mary Frances Lew- 
is, '54-'55), of Alexandria, Louisiana. 

Richard David Powell, born October 
30 to Dr. and Mrs. James D. Powell 
(Elizabeth Lampton), '47 and '49, of 
Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He was wel- 
comed by Milton, 8V2. 

Claudia Alexis Simms, born Decem- 
ber 6 to Mr. and Mrs. James Carroll 
Simms. Mr. Simms is assistant pro- 
fessor of sociology at Millsaps. 

John Richard Walters, born October 
8 to Mr. and Mrs. Summer Walters 
(Betty Barfield), '57 and '56, of Natch- 
ez. Mississippi. 

Thomas Andrew Welch, born June 
15 to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas C. Welch 
(Josephine Anne Goodwin), '59 and '60, 
of West Point, Mississippi. 

3n illemoriam 

This column is dedicated to the 
memory of graduates, former students, 
and friends who have passed away in 
recent months. Every effort has been 
made to compile an accurate list, but 
there will be unintentional omissions. 
Your help is solicited in order that 
we may make the column as complete 
as possible. Those whose memory we 
honor are as follows; 

Lola Calhoun, '33, who died Novem- 
ber 27. A former member of the Mill- 
saps-Wilson Library staff, she lived in 

I. C. Garber, '21-'22, who died in 

Felix Gunter, '03, who died in De- 
cember. He lived in St. Louis, Mis- 

Dr. Charles F. Henley, '27, who died 
October 29. He was a resident of Jack- 
sonville, Florida. 

Joseph Charles Henry, '50, who died 
in December. A resident of Birming- 
ham, Alabama, he leaves his widow, 
the former Rebecca Bufkin, '45. 

Judge Edwin R. Holmes, '92-'93, who 
died in December. He lived in Yazoo 
City, Mississippi. 

James Grant Perkins, '51, who died 
in November. He was a resident of 
Metairie, Louisiana. 

Colbert Silvey, '41-'42, who died in 
October in an automobile accident. 
He was a resident of Stuttgart, Ar- 

Jane Alice Anderson, '60. to Ed Mor- 
ton. Jr. Living in Jackson. 

Charlotte Ann Black, '52 -'53, to Wil- 
liam Clay Sargent. 

Mildred Louise Dowling, '61, to Bud- 
dy Joe Robinson. Living in Biloxi. 

Dell Lucille Drummond to Richard 
A. Dillard, '56. Living in Huntsville, 

Cynthia Ann Dubard, current stu- 
dent, to Brent Lyttleton Johnston, '60. 
Living in Jackson. 

Sylvia Nell Hunt to Billy Lake Walk- 
er, '55-'58. Living in Jackson. 

Evelyn Hunter to Wayne Anderson 
Scott, '55-'59. Living in Starkville, 

Mary Margaret Kemmer, '60-'61, to 
Lieutenant Maurice W. Woodworth. 
Living in Beaufort, South Carolina. 

Ada Ruth Land, '59, to Dr. Karl Win- 
field Hatten. Living in Jackson. 

Irma Coman McDonald to William 
A. Lampton, '48. Living in Tylertown, 

Judith Anne Nichols to Clyde James 
Lewis, Jr., '58-'61. Living in Jackson. 

Charlotte Faye Parker to Jack Duane 
Brown, '58-'59. 

Ann Rankin, '61, to Louis W. Benton, 
Jr. Living in Atlanta, Georgia. 

Edith Joyce Simpson to Homer Les- 
ter Sledge, '59. 

Martha Ann Smith, '57, to John Phil- 
ip O'Hara. Living in Seattle, Wash- 

Shirley Mae Stoker, '59, to Lieuten- 
ant Billy O'Neal Cherry. Living in 

Laura Joann Todd to Roy Acton Par- 
ker, '55. Living in Baton Rouge, Lou- 

Amilda Tomei Tomei to Robert L. 
Smith, '57. Living in San German, 
Puerto Rico. 

Mary Elizabeth Waits, '61, to Dr. 
Donald Wayne Sturdivant, '51-'53. Liv- 
ing in Columbia, Mississippi. 

Judith Serviah Ware, '58-59, to Vir- 
gil Lee Bigham, III. 

Alice Harriet Wells, '58-'61, to Lloyd 
Patrick Moreland. Living in Jackson. 




Fifty years of service to his church 
as a steward was recognized when 
Walter Ridgway, '08, was honored re- 
cently by Capitol Street Methodist 
Church in Jackson. The Board of the 
church in official action recognized 
his faithful service and outstanding 

Now serving as director of children's 
work at St. Paul Methodist Church in 
Louisville, Kentucky, Otie Branstetter, 
'17, was a candidate for the Ph.D. de- 
gree at the University of Chicago un- 
til serious illness forced her to dis- 
continue her studies and prevented 
her from taking her final examinations 
within the five-year limit. She studied 
at Scarritt and received her MA de- 
gree from Emory University. 


Mississippi's Agricultural and Indus- 
trial Board has had six directors since 
its inception, and four of them have 
been Millsaps alumni. They are Wal- 
ter Spiva, '25; John Kimball, '34; Bill 
Barksdale, '30; and H. V. Allen, '36. 
Mr. Spiva is now vice-president and a 
member of the Board of Directors of 
Deposit Guaranty Bank in Jackson; 
Mr. Kimball is executive vice president 
of American and Foreign Power Com- 
pany in New York; Mr. Barksdale is 
an executive with the Jackson Cham- 
ber of Commerce; and Mr. Allen has 
an engineering consultants firm in 

A physician in Flemingsburg, Ken- 
tucky, Ben F. Allen, '29, has three 
daughters — one (Jane) who has a 
degree in nursing from the University 
of Arkansas, another (Joan) who is at- 
tending Millsaps, and another (Judy) 
who is a senior at Fleming County 
High School. He is married to the 
former Neva Lampton Carruth. 


A promotion to the rank of brigadier 
general for Horace G. Davisson, '30-'32, 
has been announced by the Army. Gen- 
eral Davisson is serving as deputy di- 
rector of the logistics division of the 
senior U. S. Military Headquarters in 
Europe. During his service he has 
been awarded the Legion of Merit. 
Army Commendation Ribbon, and the 
Order of the British Empire in addi- 
tion to numerous campaign and thea- 
tre ribbons. A graduate of West Point, 
he is married and has three children. 

An engineer for American Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company, Alton 
F. Minor, '36, is president of the Tech- 
nical Societies Council of New Jersey 
for 1961-62. He has held offices in the 
National Association of Corrosion En- 
gineers and is a member of the Ameri- 
can Institute of Electrical Engineers. 
Married to the former Ernestine 
Broadaway, he has two children. 

Listed in the first edition of "Who's 
Who Among American Women," Mrs. 
George Faxon (Nancy Blanton Plum- 
mer, '36) is assistant to the director 
of Brookline (Massachusetts) Music 
School and a member of the choir of 
Trinity Church in Boston. Her hus- 
band is organist and choir director at 
Trinity and professor of organ and 
church music at Boston University. 
The couple has three children. 

Employed by the Department of 
State, Harris Collins, '36, is presently 
serving as administrative officer of 
the American Embassy in Madrid, 
Spain. He is married to the former 
Carolyn Boydstun and has three chil- 
dren, Karen, 14, Stephen, 12, and 
Courtney, 9. 

Read Patton Dunn, Jr., '36, is serv- 
ing as director of foreign trade of 

the National Cotton Council. He lives 
in Chevy Chase, Maryland, with his 
wife, the former Barbara Butts, and 
four children. 


The W. W. Samuels High School 
(Dallas, Texas) production of the 
Broadway hit "Li'l Abner," directed 
by Clements Crook, '42, won the praise 
of the critics last year. In addition 
to serving as choral director for the 
school, Mr. Crook is choir director for 
Preston Hollow Methodist Church. He 
and Mrs. Crook, the former Ann 
Brown, '46-'47, have two children. 

A master sergeant in the Air Force, 
Edwin Dawkins, Jr., '43, lists a sur- 
prise occupation: he's a motion picture 
script writer for the Air Force. He 
and Mrs. Dawkins and their six chil- 
dren reside in Orlando, Florida. 

The Best Remaining Seats, a study 
of the golden age of the movie palace 
("the decade that lay between Prohi- 
bition and Depression"), by Ben Hall, 
'39-'41, has been published by Clarkson 
N. Potter, Inc. According to the jack- 
et notes, Mr. Hall, a member of the 
editorial staff of Time, lives in a 
New York apartment which "contains 
(among other odds and ends) a baby 
grand Pianola, a two-manual organ, 
some murals rescued from the late- 
lamented Loew's 72nd Street Theatre, 
an electric fountain, a collection of 
vintage telephones, and enough stereo 
and recording equipment to make his 
neighbors wish he lived somewhere 
else. . . . Hall, a witty historian with 
a contagious enthusiasm for his sub- 
ject, has combined careful research 
with lively humor to make The Best 
Remaining Seats an invaluable docu- 
ment as a part of America's recent 
and irretrievable past." 

Jack Glaze, '41-'43, is professor of 
Old Testament at the International 
Baptist Seminary in Buenos Aires, 
Argentina. He received the BD and 
Th.D. degrees from the Southern Bap- 
tist Theological Seminary. Mr. and 
Mrs. Glaze have four children. 

Having received her Master of Sci- 
ence degree from Florida State Uni- 
versity, Mrs. Fleming L. Brown (Doro- 
thy Eady, '46) has been employed by 
the Mississippi Industrial and Techno- 
logical Research Commission as libra- 
rian. The widow of Fleming L. Brown, 
'43-'44, she now resides in Jackson with 
her two daughters, Anne, 14, and Su- 
san, 10. 

A case of mistaken identity resulted 
in some misinformation in the last 


ssue of Major Notes. A James R. 
tt'orley did refuse to submit a de- 
tailed outline of his plans for class 
ivork for two weeks in advance, but 
he is not the James Worley who taught 
at Millsaps and who married Rose- 
mary Nichols, '47. The latter Mr. Wor- 
ley is professor of economics at Van- 
jerbilt University, several hundred 
miles removed from Mount Kisco, New 
York, where the other Mr. Worley 

John William Carson, '43-'45, is the 
person whom Jack Paar considers most 
likely to become the host of his late- 
hour show on NBC when Paar leaves 
in March. Mr. Carson hosts a day- 
time game show and is a panelist on 
•To Tell the Truth." He appears 
often in guest shots on such pro- 
grams as "The Garry Moore Show" 
and "The Ed Sullivan Show." 

It's Young Man of the Year time 
in Jackson again, bringing to mind 
that six of the past ten winners of the 
award have been Millsaps alumni and 
another is the husband of an alumna. 
Alumni winners in the group are 
James J. Livesay, '41; H. E. Finger, Jr., 
37; W. O. Carter, Jr., '48; Phil Irby, 
'49; Nat Rogers, '41; and Rubel Phillips, 
'48. Dumas Milner, another recipient, 
is married to the former Myrtle Ruth 
Howard, '41. 

On July 17 William D. Wright, '49, 
became consultant in psychiatric social 
work for the U. S. Public Health Serv- 
ice. He and Mrs. Wright, the former 
Jo Ann Bratton, '53, and their two 
children live in Decatur, Georgia. 


Both the Reverend and Mrs. James 
S. Minnis are serving as Baptist mis- 
sionaries — to Indians in New Mexi- 
co. Mr. Minnis, '50, received a BD 
degree from the Southern Baptist The- 
ological Seminary in 1957. The couple, 
which has a young son, lives in Cuba, 
New Mexico. 

Morocco was the destination of the 
David Balius family (David, '53, Vir- 
ginia Ann Kelly, '53, Davey, 7, and 
Kelly, 4) when they left Jackson in 
December. Mr. Balius, a captain the 
Marine Corps, has been assigned to 
Port Syantey, Kenitra, for a two-year 
tour of duty. While stationed at Camp 
Lejeune, North Carolina, he directed 
the Protestant choir, which combined 
with the Second Division Band to pre- 
sent a special program at the Easter 
Sunrise Service last year. 

After leaving the States in 1953, C. 
Y. Yao, '51, organized David Industrial 
Development Company, dealing in tex- 
tile and cotton waste products, in 
Hong Kong. Later he established C. 
Y. Enterprise, Ltd.. an import, export, 
and general trading business, also in 
Hong Kong. After attending the U. S. 
World Trade Fair in New York and 
traveling through the south and cen- 
tral states, he felt that the U. S. is 
a good market for Hong Kong prod- 
ucts "because of their good quality and 
reasonable prices." 

Currently in his third and final year 
of residency in psychiatry at Charity 
Hospital in New Orleans, Tarver H. 
Buuler, '54, is a Fellow-trainee in psy- 
chiatry on a grant by the National In- 
stitute cf Mental Health under the 
auspices cf the Louisiana State School 
of Medicine in New Orleans. He plans 
to enter private practice in New Or- 
leans on completion of his residency. 

Qualifying exams for the Ph.D. de- 
gree have been completed by John 
M. Howell, '54, at Tulane University. 
where he has a teaching fellowship. 
He received the Master of Arts degree 
in English from the University of 
Southern California in 1960. 

A lieutenant in the Navy. Terry 
Hayward, '56, is currently stationed at 
Quonset Point, Rhode Island, and on 
the aircraft carrier USS Lake Cham- 
plain. He is a helicopter pilot. 

Army 1st Lt. Henry N. Easley, '56, 
has been assigned to the 32nd Armor 
at Fort Stewart, Georgia, where he is 
chaplain of the armor's 3rd Medium 
Tank Battalion. Mrs. Easley is with 
her husband at Fort Stewart. 

A Master of Arts degree has been 
awarded to Susan Hart Brown, '56, by 
Peabody College for Teachers, and a 
Master of Arts degree was awarded to 
Franz R. Epting, '59, by Ohio State 
University. Miss Brown teaches social 
studies at Hinds Junior College in 
Raymond, Mississippi. 

Bill Bailey, '53-'54. has been named 
executive manager of the Chamber of 
Commerce in Pascagoula, Mississippi. 
He and his family are now residing in 
that coastal city. 

Having received a law degree from 
the University of Mississippi, Merrl- 
men Watkins, '57, has opened an of- 
fice in Crystal Springs, Mississippi. 

In October Captain Charles F. Lowe, 

'57, completed the Medical Field Serv- 
ice School's orientation course at 

Brooke .'Xrmy Medical Center in Fort 
Sam Houston, Texas. Captain Lowe is 
a 1960 graduate of the University of 
Mississippi Medical School. 

In addition to serving as choral di- 
rector of the International Institute of 
Music, a division of Inter American 
University (San German. Puerto Rico). 
Robert L. Smith, '57, has been ap- 
pointed music consultant to the Com- 
monwealth Department of Education. 
In the latter position he will conduct 
two island-wide festivals. Last year 
his University Concert Singers toured 
Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, 
meeting with outstanding success. His 
recent marriage to Senorita Amilda 
Tomei Tomei in August is his big 
news, however. 

Belhaven College has acquired the 
services of Peggy Ann Seay, '59, who 
is serving as instructor of English. 
Miss Seay has worked toward her 
Master's degree at the University of 
Arkansas, where she had a teaching 

Having recently received the Mas- 
ter's degree in social work from Tu- 
lane, Kennard W. Wellons, '58, began 
work in July as psychiatric social 
worker at Sonoma State Hospital for 
the mentally retarded, located in El- 
dridge, Calif. He was married in June 
to Miss Pat Blankenship, of Memphis. 

Serving as associate secretary of the 
Virginia District YMCA, Fulton K. 
Johnson, '54-'57, works in communities 
which do not have YMCA's in 22 
counties in southwest Virginia. He 
and Mrs. Johnson, the former Ruth 
Humphries, and their three children 
live in Wytheville, Virginia. 


His first year as head football coach 
at Durant High School was an im- 
pressive one for Harvey Ray, '60, who 
was named Coach of the Year in the 
Mid-State Conference. His team was 
undefeated and was tied only once, 
holding undisputed claim to the Mid- 
State Conference title for the third 
year in a row. He was married last 
July to the former Rosemary Brown- 

Charlotte Ogden, '60, has been nam- 
ed editorial assistant in the newly es- 
tablished music department of Holt, 
Rinehart and Winston in New York 
City. The department's program in- 
cludes trade books for a general mar- 
ket, textbooks at the elementary, high 
school and college levels, long-playing 
records, and tapes. 


Alumni Day Is May 5 

Grenada and Whitworth Reunions 

Reunion Honoring a Millsaps Professor 

Faculty-Led Seminars 

Baseball Game 

Alumni Day Banquet 

"Babes in Arms" (A special performance of the 
Players' USO production* for Millsaps Col- 
lege alumni) 

Announcement of Alumni Association Officers 

An Address by a Prominent Alumnus 

Make plans now to attend. Registration will begin at 11:00 
a. m. in the Union Building. 

*The Millsaps Players were chosen last spring to make a four-week tour 
of the Northeastern Defense Command (Greenland, Newfoundland, etc.) 
during May, 1962. The Rodgers-Hart musical "Babes in Arms," which 
was most enthusiastically received in a Lance Goss-directed Little The- 
atre presentation, was chosen for production. 







SPRING, 1962 

From the President 

In the last two issues of MAJOR 
NOTES I have commented on the Ten- 
Year Development Projrram for the 
College. Many of you have received a 
brochure which describes in greater de- 
tail the ambitious plans which will as- 
sure the continuing usefulness of Mill- 
saps College to church, state and na- 

Now that spring has arrived it can 
b» renorted that the initial phase of the 
Development Program has enjoyed an 
auspicious beginning. The business com- 
munity in Jackson has conducted for the 
College the most successful campaign 
which has ever been \vitnessed in the 
city for any cause! With the subscrip- 
tions of the Methodist churches in Hinds 
County the total from the greater Jack- 
son conimuniity will be approximately 
one million dollars. 

The Methodist churches and church- 
men over the state, it is believed, will 
subscribe at least another one million 
dollars. Many alumni have been dili- 
gently at work in this phase of the De- 
velopment Program even as they have 
been in Jackson. 

In the next few months we will be 
engaged in further steps toward our ob- 
jectives. Thei'e are scores of individuals 
who we feel could be interested in spe- 
cial gifts for Christian higher education. 
An alumnus can render an invaluable 
service to his institution by identifying 
such potential benefactors, and by in- 
itiating appropriate steps to interest the 
persons in Millsaps College. My office 
will be glad to work with you. 

A further step will be some ap- 
proaches to the business community of 
the state. With the response of indus- 
trialists and other business leaders in 
Jackson, it is reasonable to believe that 
enlightened citizens over the state will 
want to share in Millsaps' growth. 

A third phase of our future plans is 
the approach to our alumni over the na- 
tion. We feel that every person who has 
studied at Millsaps College will want 
to participate generously in assuring the 
fiinancial stability of his college. 



College, Whitworth College, 
Millsaps College 

MEMBER: American Alumni Council, 
American College Public Relations 


"What about Millsaps ? How does it fit into the pictui'e 
of the College of Tomorrow?" These were questions which 
concerned a group of faculty members at a recent seminar. 
Their thoughts are presented on pages 7, 8, 25 and 26. The 
cover shows moderator Lee Reiff, assistant professor of re- 
ligion, in action. 


3 Laney Named Dean 

4 Research Papers 

6 Campaign Progresses 

7 What About Millsaps ? 

9 The College of Tomorrow 

25 Millsaps Views 

27 Events of Note 

30 Major Miscellany 


Editor Shirley Caldwell, '56 

Photographer Alan Harrigill, '63 

Alumni Association Executive Director ... James J. Livesay, '41 

Back cover photo by Dr. Dan Guravich 


APRIL, 1962 


Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson, Mississippi. 
Entered as second class matter on October 15, 1959, at the 
Post Office in Jackson, Mississippi, under the Act of August 24, 

Frank M. Laney 

James S. Ferguson 

Laney Named Dean 

Di'. Frank M. Laney, associate pro- 
fessor of history at Millsaps since 1953, 
has been named to succeed Dr. James 
S. Ferguson as dean of the faculty. 

Dr. Ferguson resigned to accept a po- 
sition as dean of the graduate school 
of Woman's College of the University 
of North Carolina. Both men will as- 
sume their new duties in August. 

Dr. Laney was chosen for the position 
after careful study of several nomi- 
nees. Nominations were made by the 
faculty and acted upon by a committee 
composed of the senior member of each 
division. Committee members — Miss 
Elizabeth Craig, Dr. R. H. Moore, and 
Dr. J. B. Price — worked with President 
H. E. Finger, Jr. 

A graduate of the University of Mis- 
sissippi, where he received the Bachelor 
of Arts degree with distinction, Dr. 
Laney earned the Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees at the 
University of Virginia. He studied under 
a DuPont Scholarship in 1947. 

Holder of a Phi Beta Kappa key, he 
is also a member of Omicron Delta Kap- 

pa, national leadership honor society; 
Eta Sigma Phi, classical languages hon- 
orary; the American Association of Uni- 
versity Professors; the Southern His- 
tory Association; and the Conference 
Group for Central European History. 

A lieutenant colonel in the U. S. Ar- 
my Reserve, Dr. Laney served with the 
Army from 1941 to 1946, 21 months of 
that time in New Guinea and the Philip- 
pine Islands. He also sei'ved during the 
Korean conflict. 

An active member of Galloway Me- 
morial Methodist Church, he is on the 
Official Board and teaches a Sunday 
School class. 

Dr. Ferguson has served as academic 
dean since 1954. He has been a member 
of the history department since 1944 
and holds the rank of professor of 

Shortly after his resignation students 
staged an appreciation ceremony in his 
honor. Eddie Harris, of Natchez, read 
a statement which said in part, "This 
occasion is our way as students of dem- 
onstrating our esteem and affection for 
you as our dean, teacher, and friend . . . 

We are proud to say that on few cam- 
puses has the title of dean held the de- 
gree of respect and affection that it has 
here at Millsaps during your tenure. 
We feel that we know you, and from 
this knowledge we hold you in highest 

The students presented him an en- 
graved desk set. 

Dr. Ferguson told the gathering that 
"Millsaps College is the setting in which 
my life has had its deepest meaning. 
This institution has meant far more to 
me than I could ever mean if I spent a 
hundred lifetimes here." 

Named to Who's Who in America in 
1957, he has served as president of the 
Hinds County Association for Mental 
Health and is in constant demand as a 
speaker. He is a member of civic clubs 
and honor societies and holds positions 
of leadership in the Methodist Church. 

A 1937 graduate of Millsaps, he re- 
ceived the Master of Arts degree from 
Louisiana State University and his Ph. 
D. degree from the University of North 
Carolina. He was a Ford Scholar at Yale 
University in 1952-53. 

Senith Couillard, standing, and Nancy Grisham check ref- 
erence books for material for their research papers. 

Magazine articles were a chief source of material for Miss 
Couillard. She checks a magazine card file. 

Research Papers: 

Preface to Graduate School 

Research papers have been required 
this year of all senior English majors 
and of the first Honors Program class. 

Of the twenty-seven students who 

have been at work on research papers, 

twenty are English majors taking a 

required course called English 201, and 

■ seven are Honors Program participants. 

The primary function of both pro- 
grams is to acquaint undergraduates 
with the techniques involved in re- 
search. They are particularly designed 
for students who will go to graduate 
school, although those who do not are 
also expected to benefit. The fact that 
50% of the senior class annually goes 
on to graduate school would indicate 
the value of the programs. 

The two young ladies pictured on 

these pages are Nancy Grisham, of 
Corinth, and Senith Couillard, of Natch- 
ez. Both are English majors. Both wrote 
papers which merited consideration as 
entries in the Southern Literary Festi- 
val (Millsaps has placed first in the 
formal essay division of the Festival for 
the past two years). 

Miss Grisham's paper is entitled 
"Troilus and Criseyde: A Dramatization 
of Boethian Philosophy." In it she de- 
fends the premise that Chaucer was in- 
fluenced by the philosophy of Boethius. 
After a discussion of Boethian philoso- 
phy as outlined in The Consolation of 
Philosophy, she says, "Chaucer took se- 
lected aspects of the philosophy — Provi- 
dence, Destiny, Fortune, felicity, the 
bond of love, free will and foreknowl- 

edge — and used them as the basis for 
the story of Troilus and Criseyde and 
their Trojan home . . . Both works — a 
philosophical dialogue and a love story 
— completed around 1380 question the 
nature of the universe and man's place 
in it . . . Chaucer uses the doctrines as 
fundamental material for theme, discus- 
sion, dramatic motivations, and finally 
the philosophical conclusion of the epi- 
logue." She points out specific passages 
which she feels show the Boethian in- 

In strong contrast, Miss Couillard 
wrote "Just Before the War With the 
Fat Ladies: a study of the fiction of 
J. D. Salinger." Her thesis is, "Salin- 
ger's central concern in his mature 
writing is to study how the sensitive 

Hero may successfully exist in a Vul- 
garian society." 

She says that the Hero is set apart 
from Vulgarian society by his moral 
standard — "his insistence upon purity of 
motivation, his willingness to follow 
personal taste at the expense of so- 
ciety's disapproval." She demonstrates 
the ways in which Salingerian charac- 
ters try to find ways of resolving the 
problem of existing in a society con- 
sidered unworthy. She says, "The paths 
of commitment chosen by the various 
Heroes fall generally into three cate- 
gories: (1) rejection of society and the 
attempt to exist solely in terms of per- 
sonal values, of self; (2) the deliberate 
attempt to merge self totally into so- 
ciety, to accept the values of the Vul- 
garians; and (3) the attempt to main- 
tain Hero standards within full partic- 
ipation in society." 

Taken as examples of the whole group. 
Misses Grisham and Couillard both 
found that availability of material was 
their chief difficulty. Miss Grisham dis- 
covered that there was the problem 
of narrowing down the material on 
Chaucer, but that an even bigger one 
was finding the material once she had 
done so. Miss Couillard found that lit- 
tle has been written of a critical nature 
on the modern Salinger. She spent a 
good bit of time writing for photostatic 
copies of material and in studying mic- 

1. Miss Grisham assembles her note 
cards, a preliminary step for the actual 
writing of the 25-30 page paper. 

2. Discussion of mutual problems gives 
moral support. 

3. The coeds check out books for use in 
the dormitory when the midnight oil 
comes on. 

4. Dr. George Boyd goes over Miss 
Grisham's paper with her. 

Development Campaign 
Goal in Sight 

Efforts to Raise $1,500,000 in 
the State of Mississippi Meet 
With Immediate Success 

Seventy-five per cent of Jackson's 
goal in Millsaps' Seventy-fifth Anniver- 
sary Development Campaign had been 
subscribed at press time. 

The Mississippi campaign was just 
getting underway, but officials felt con- 
fident that the overall goal of $1,500,- 
000 would be exceeded. 

The following letter might be indi- 
cative of the way in which the cam- 
paign is being received. The letter was 
sent to President H. E. Finger, Jr., by 
a fourth-grade student. 

Dear Dr. Finger, 

You recall one Sunday night you 
ate supper with us and then preached 
about Millsaps College in Daddy's 
church. I want to help you raise the 
money you talked about that night. 
So I am sending you my five dollars 
I received from my parents for mak- 
ing the honor-roll. 

Your little friend, 
Judy Bailey 

The fund-raising campaign is a part 

of the College's 75th Anniversary Devel- 
opment Program, which aims at devel- 
oping to fullest extent assets in terms 
of space, building, curriculum, and per- 
sonnel and at increasing assets to meet 
future needs. 

Two thirds of the total goal of the in- 
itial campaign will be used to increase 
permanent endowment and one third 
will go for pressing building needs. 
With this in mind, the College plans to 
(1) improve faculty salaries as an in- 
centive for the attraction and retention 
of the top-flight teachers usually as- 
sociated with Millsaps; (2) build the 
first unit of a Fine Arts Building; (3) 
renovate Sullivan-Harrell Science Hall; 
(4) increase the number of books in the 
library; and (5) strengthen the curric- 
ulum as the result of additions to the 

The development program was be- 
gun three years ago when the Board of 
Trustees authorized the naming of a 
Development Committee composed of 
alumni, faculty members, Millsaps As- 
sociates, Trustees, and some members 

at large. The Committee submitted a 
master plan for developing the campus 
to its maximum use and minimum plans 
for endowment development in order to 
safeguard the instructional program. 

The past two years have been devo- 
ted to self-study and evaluation in an- 
ticipation of the campaign. In 1959-60 
a comprehensive department-by-depart- 
ment report was made to the Southern 
Association of Universities and Col- 
leges. Early in 19fi0-61 a team of ad- 
ministrators representing the Associa- 
tion spent several days on the campus 
evaluating the program and facilities 
of the College. Their report has helped 
to set the goals of the campaign. 

As a first step in the direction of 
self-help, the College has received ner- 
mission from the two Mississinoi Meth- 
odist Conferences to lease 2.3 !•! acres 
of its 100-acre campus to suitable busi- 
ness enterprises. The property is on the 
northern edge of the campus adjacent 
to Woodrow Wilson Drive. 

A goal of lOO^'r participation by Mill- 
saps alumni residing in Tackson has 
been announced by Alumni Association 
President Charlton Roby. Approximate- 
ly 250 alumni will take part in a cam- 
paign to contact every one of the esti- 
mated 2200 alumni in the area concern- 
ing the program. Out-of-Jackson alumni 
are asked to make their contributions 
directly to the College or through their 

Fourteen lay chairmen have been 
named to serve with district superin- 
tendents in directing district church ac- 
tivities. They are J. W. Alford and J. 
D. Youngblood, Brookhaven; Ben Stev- 
ens, Sr., Hattiesburg; Merle Mann, 
Jackson; Dr. Lowry Rush, Meridian; 
Al Howell, Seashore; James Hand, Jr., 
Vicksburg; W. T. Brown, Cleveland; 
Mike Sturdivant, Greenwood; Julian 
Prince and Bill Pyle, New Albany; Bob 
Walton, Sardis; Roy Boggan, Tupelo; 
and J. T. Young, Starkville. 

A series of district rallies has been 
scheduled for the presentation of the 
purposes of the campaign. The first 
was held in Vicksburg on January 23, 
when 187 people braved disagreeable 
weather to gather at the Vicksburg 
Country Club to hear the long-term 
plans of the College in connection with 
the campaign. 

In addition to the district rallies, a 
number of laymen are making the pres- 
entation in local churches. College offi- 
cials are traveling throughout the state 
in the interest of the campaign. 

In Tomorrow's Education Picture 

"We did feel that we are under an 
obligation to increase our enroll- 
ment, but we are binder a very 
strong obligation not to increase 
if ton rapidly." 

What About Millsaps? 

On a recent Sunday evening a Mill- 
saps College administrator received a 
call from an alumnus. 

"I don't understand," the alumnus 
said. "I've been working hard for Mill- 
saps in my area, and only recently I 
persuaded a senior and his parents that 
Millsaps was just the school for him. 
Yesterday he was notified that he had 
been rejected. What's going on?" 

There's a lot going on in higher ed- 
ucation. It is hoped that the follo\ving 
pages will help this alumnus and others 
like him to understand problems facing 
Millsaps and other institutions of high- 
er learning. 

The article which begins on page 
9 is another in the series prepared 
by Editorial Projects for Education. The 
articles are the result of the coopera- 
tive efforts of some of the nation's 
leading editors of alumni publications. 

In an attempt to help Millsaps alum- 
ni realize exactly what the problems 
presented mean to Millsaps, Millsaps 
teachers and administrators were ask- 
ed, first, to write an evaluation of a 
particular section (to be found on pages 
25 and 26) and second, to discuss ques- 
tions raised by the article in a seminar- 
type gathering. 

Members of the panel included John 
Christmas, dean of students; James S. 
Ferguson, dean of the faculty; Paul D. 
Hardin, registrar and director of ad- 
missions; James J. Livesay, director of 
alumni and public relations; R. H. 

Moore, chairman of the faculty recruit- 
ment committee; and J. W. Wood, busi- 
ness manager. Lee Reiff served as mod- 

Some of the discussion follows: 

Q. What is your evaluation of the 
article ? 

A. Some of the suggested answers 
and solutions were of great interest to 
me. Some I found parallel exactly what 
is going on at Millsaps. Some of the 
answers that were suggested, for in- 
stance in teaching methods and dealing 
with alumni activities, here at Millsaps 
would be different because what you can 
say about the general educational pic- 
ture has to be modified to apply locally. 

The character of the College, the 
size of the College, the type of students 
we want to attract, our desire to have 
the best kind of student and to serve 
as many students as possible but not 
to lose the character of the small col- 
lege, our responsibility to our constit- 
uencies, especially the Methodist 
Church, will modify somewhat the way 
in which we will apply the suggested 
answers in this article. 

Q. The basic problem discussed in 
this article is the tidal wave of people 
who want to go to college. Has Mill- 
saps made any kind of firm decision 
about what it regards as the optimum 
maximum enrollment for itself to pre- 
serve the kind of college it wants to be? 

A. The Development Committee 
thought in terms of a maximum of 1200 

based on our present type of institu- 
tion. In the future, of course, this might 
be altered. Several factors influenced 
this decision. One was growth in finan- 
ces. We felt that Millsaps College would 
have to consider foremost the recruit- 
ment of top faculty members in order 
to maintain the type of education that 
we now enjoy. And to acquire these 
teachers at a faster rate than we are 
now able to would create some prob- 
lems in our financial picture. 

• Some members of the committee even 
felt that we should think of 900 or 1000 
as our top enrollment in order to de- 
velop the quality of the College even 
more rapidly than we would if we went 
on to 1200. But there was also the feel- 
ing that we have an obligation to our 
constituencies to take in the well quali- 
fied students and give them the oppor- 
tunity for Millsaps training. We did 
feel that we are under an obligation to 
increase our enrollment, but we are un- 
der a very strong obligation not to in- 
crease it too rapidly. 

Q. Has the increased pressure 
brought any change in our admission 

A. Yes. We've always been very 
careful in going over applications. We've 
always had a committee of four facul- 
ty members and administrators. I think 
the gi'eatest aid to more selectivity is 
the American College Test scores that 
we are now getting on applicants. We 
can now compare all of our applicants 
on the same standard. 


Q. The comment is made t'.iat t'lero 
is public- demand now not only for ex- 
panded facilities in higher education 
but for ever-better quality in higher 
education. I wonder what your evalua- 
tion of the situation would be in terms 
of whether or not this comment is true 
of Mississippi and the Millsaps constit- 
uency. I wonder what ever-better qual- 
ity means to people. 

A. I don't think there's much doubt 
about the fact that some people shop 
until they find a school where they can 
perform satisfactorily. And they may 
very well avoid the school that empha- 
sizes quality. We are in some initial 
stages of determining whether Millsaps 
constituents really believe in quality as 
much as they say they do. 

Q. Are you talking about the De- 
velopment Program ? 

A. I'm not talking about that specif- 
ically here. I'm talking about the 
stresses and strains that will arise from 
a stricter admissions policy, for one 
thing. In the state as a whole I think 
people will continue to respect work of 
high quality. Plenty of people who will 
not be happy over the rejection of some 
individual student will, at the same 
time, continue to respect the work done 
at Millsaps College. This is a symbol 
that we've attained in the state, and I 
think the school will be able to main- 
tain it. 

• Millsaps is very selective by its repu- 
tation in that we don't receive applica- 
tions from a great many people. The 
profile of our applicants, not our ac- 
ceptances but our applicants, would do 
credit to the entering freshman class 
of many other types of institutions. 

Q. One point is made here about 
this whole business of continuing edu- 
cation or adult education. Where do we 
stand on this ? I have the impression 

that Millsaps, aside from providing fa- 
cilities for the University of Mississippi 
program, is doing very little formally 
along this line. Has this been thought 
about? Are any plans projected? 

A. We have tried it in the past. But 
we felt that our energies could best be 
directed in liberal arts education ex- 

The thing I'd like to see, if teacher 
loads are lightened, is the sort of pro- 
gram that Jim Livesay has on Alumni 
Day when the teachers give special lec- 
tures for the graduates. Many gradu- 
ates of Millsaps College in the city of 
Jackson would like to come out, twice 
a month perhaps, to hear a series of 
lectures such as they heard when they 
were in college. It would be good to 
have that kind of continuing education. 

• A great number of Jackson people 
are coming out for the International 
Film Series. We also have more con- 
certs. There are more programs in the 
Student Union Building that attract 
Jackson people. I think in this way we 
are providing a continuation of educa- 

• This whole problem is basic, I think, 
in our society. I know that we've got 
to put first things first — Paul mention- 
ed teacher loads and Pete mentioned 
economics and administrative problems 
— but, as Everett Hopkins has said, if 
we consider it important in the forma- 
tive years of a person's life for him to 
spend four years on the campus getting 
his basic foundation in understanding 
what life is all about and what his 
part in it and his attitudes should be, 
then I would hope sincerely that we 
would one day be able to do much more 
in stimulating our alumni to continue 
their economic and political and social 
growth and understanding. 

I would hope that what we do on 

Alumni Day in our continuing educa- 
ton seminars might one day be expand- 
ed, say on a Labor Day weekend — 
let them come to the College, let them 
pay a tuition and let somebody in our 
constituency, seeing this need, give a 
grant for this very thing. 

Q. How important is physical educa- 
tion in the picture of what Millsaps 
should be? 

A. I think we're concerned not only 
with the type of raw material that we 
hope to take in but the type that we 
ultimately hope to produce. We speak in 
terms of developing people for lead- 
ership. Well, what kind of people can 
lead ? They've got to be well-rounded, 
well-developed people — in terms of the 
whole person, not just one facet of a 
person. For this reason I believe very 
strongly in the need for a proportionate 
part of the program to be involved with 
the physical, whether it be tennis, or 
football, or whatever it might be. It 
seems to me each has its place. 

• It seems to me that our current phy- 
sical education emphasis is at develop- 
ing useful types of recreational activi- 
ty for our students, types which will 
have a carry-over effect. The youngster 
who can leave here and be able to play 
tennis throughout his life is a good 

• Philosophically the emphasis is just 
where you say. The intercollegiate pro- 
gram of course is important but the 
overall goal is participation by the high- 
est percentage of the students. Wheth- 
er two hours of required physical edu- 
cation will achieve this is another 
question. Of course you deal with the 
problem that a person who is not en- 
gaged in physical activity to any great 
degree doesn't suddenly develop that 
ability after he gets to college, partic- 
ularly by being in two hours of physical 

Q. Utilization of space is mentioned 
in the article. How does Millsaps rate? 

A. In a study last year I found that 
Millsaps College was using, based on 35 
hours a week, 70% of its classroom 
space during the hours that we teach. 
This is exti-emely high. The national 
average is 35%. There's no doubt that 
after we add a few more students, 100 
or 150 more, we must provide addition- 
al classroom space somewhere. Whether 
it's a new building or whether it's the 
utilization of something we already 
have is yet to be determined. But we're 
just about going now on the maximum 
usage of space for a college. 

Who will go to college — and where? 

What will they find? 

Who will teach them? 

Will they graduate? 

What will college have done for them? 

Who will pay — and how? 







The question haunts most parents. Here is 
the answer: 


► If they graduate from high school or preparatory 
school with something better than a "scrape-by" record. 

► //"they apply to the college or university that is right 
for them — aiming their sights (and their application 
forms) neither too high nor too low, but with an individu- 
ality and precision made possible by sound guidance both 
in school and in their home. 

► If America's colleges and universities can find the 
resources to carry out their plans to meet the huge de- 
mand for higher education that is certain to exist in this 
country for years to come. 

The if's surrounding your children and the college of 
tomorrow are matters of concern to everyone involved — 
to parents, to children, to alumni and alumnae (whatever 
their parental status), and to the nation's educators. But 
resolving them is by no means being left to chance. 

► The colleges know what they must do, if they are to 


meet the needs of your children and others of your chil- 
dren's generation. Their planning is well beyond the hand- 
wringing stage. 

► The colleges know the likely cost of putting their 
plans into effect. They know this cost, both in money and 
in manpower, will be staggering. But most of them are 
already embarked upon finding the means of meeting it. 

► Governments — local, state, and federal — are also 
deeply involved in educational planning and financing. 
Some parts of the country are far ahead of others. But 
no region is without its planners and its doers in this 

► Public demand — not only for expanded facilities for 
higher education, but for ever-better quality in higher 
education — today is more insistent, more informed than 
ever before. With this growth of public sophistication 
about higher education, it is now clear to most intelligent 
parents that they themselves must take a leading role in 
guiding their children's educational careers — and in 
making certain that the college of tomorrow will be 
ready, and good, for them. 

This special report is in the form of a guide to parents. But we suspect that every read- 
er, parent or not, will find the story of higher education^ s future remarkably exciting. 

\/y here will your children 

go to college? 

1AST FALL, more than one million students enrolled 
in the freshman classes of U.S. colleges and univer- 
-^ sities. They came from wealthy families, middle- 
income families, poor families; from all races, here and 
abroad; from virtually every religious faith. 

Over the next ten years, the number of students will 
grow enormously. Around 1964 the long-predicted "tidal 
wave" of young people, born in the postwar era and 
steadily moving upward through the nation's school sys- 
tems ever since, will engulf the college campuses. By 1970 
the population between the ages of 18 and 21 — now 
around 10.2 million — will have grown to 14.6 million. 
College enrollment, now less than 4 million, will be at 
least 6.4 million, and perhaps far more. 

The character of the student bodies will also have 
changed. More than half of the full-time students in the 
country's four-year colleges are already coming from 
lower-middle and low income groups. With expanding 
scholarship, loan, and self-help programs, this trend will 
continue strong. Non-white college students — who in the 
past decade have more than doubled in number and now 
compose about 7 per cent of the total enrollment — will 
continue to increase. (Non-whites formed 1 1.4 per cent of 
the U.S. population in the 1960 census.) The number of 
married students will grow. The average age of students 
will continue its recent rise. 

The sheer force of this great wave of students is enough 
to take one's breath away. Against this force, what chance 
has American higher education to stand strong, to main- 
tain standards, to improve quality, to keep sight of the 
individual student? 

And, as part of the gigantic population swell, what 
chances have your children? 

TO BOTH QUESTIONS, there are some encouraging answers. 
At the same time, the intelligent parent will not ignore 
some danger signals. 


NOT EVERY COLLEGE or university in the country is able to 
expand its student capacity. A number have concluded 
that, for one persuasive reason or another, they must 
maintain their present enrollments. They are not bhnd to 
the need of American higher education, in the aggregate, 
to accommodate more students in the years ahead; indeed, 

they are keenly aware of it. But for reasons of finance, of 
faculty limitations, of space, of philosophy, of function, of 
geographic location — or of a combination of these and 
other restrictions — they cannot grow. 

Many other institutions, public and private, are expand- 
ing their enrollment capacities and will continue to do so: 

Private institutions: Currently, colleges and universities 
under independent auspices enroll around 1,500,000 
students — some 40 per cent of the U.S. college popula- 
tion. In the future, many privately supported institutions 
will grow, but slowly in comparison with publicly sup- 
ported institutions. Thus the total number of students at 
private institutions will rise, but their percentage of the 
total college population will become smaller. 

Public institutions: State and locally supported colleges 
and universities are expanding their capacity steadily. In 
the years ahead they will carry by far the heaviest share of 
America's growing student population. 

Despite their growth, many of them are already feeling 
the strain of the burden. Many state institutions, once 
committed to accepting any resident with a high-school 
diploma, are now imposing entrance requirements upon 
applicants. Others, required by law or long tradition not 
to turn away any high-school graduate who applies, resort 
in desperation to a high flunk-out rate in the freshman 
year in order to whittle down their student bodies to 
manageable size. In other states, coordinated systems of 
higher education are being devised to accommodate 


students of differing aptitudes, high-school academic 
records, and career goals. 

Two-year colleges: Growing at a faster rate than any 
other segment of U.S. higher education is a group com- 
prising both public and independently supported institu- 
tions: the two-year, or "junior," colleges. Approximately 
600 now exist in the United States, and experts estimate 
that an average of at least 20 per year will be established 
in the coming decade. More than 400 of the two-year 
institutions are community colleges, located within com- 
muting distance of their students. 

These colleges provide three main services : education for 
students who will later transfer to four-year colleges or 
universities (studies show they often do as well as those 
who go directly from high school to a four-year institu- 
tion, and sometimes better), terminal training for voca- 
tions (more and more important as jobs require higher 
technical skills), and adult education and community 
cultural activities. 

Evidence of their importance: One out of every four 
students begmning higher education today does so in a 
two-year college. By 1975, the ratio is Ukely to be one in 

Branch campuses: To meet local demands for educa- 
tional institutions, some state universities have opened 
branches in population centers distant from their main 
campuses. The trend is likely to continue. On occasion, 
however, the "branch campus" concept may conflict with 
the "community college" concept. In Ohio, for example, 
proponents of community two-year colleges are currently 
arguing that locally controlled commtinity institutions are 
the best answer to the state's college-enrollment prob- 
lems. But Ohio State University, Ohio University, and 
Miami University, which operate oflF-campus centers and 
whose leaders advocate the establishment of more, say 
that taxpayers get better value at lower cost from a uni- 
versity-run branch-campus system. 

Coordinated systems: To meet both present and future 
demands for higher education, a number of states are 
attempting to coordinate their existing colleges and 
universities and to lay long-range plans for developing 
new ones. 

California, a leader in such efforts, has a "master plan" 
involving not only the three main types of publicly sup- 
ported institutions — ^the state university, state colleges, 
and locally sponsored two-year colleges. Private institu- 
tions voluntarily take part in the master planning, also. 

With at least 661 ,000 students expected in their colleges 
and universities by 1975, Califomians have worked out 
a plan under which every high-school graduate will be 
eligible to attend a junior college; the top one-third will 
be eligible for admission to a state college; and the top 
one-eighth will be ehgible to go directly from high school 
to the University of CaUfornia. The plan is flexible: stu- 
dents who prove themselves in a junior coUege, for 


example, may transfer to the university. If past experience 
is a guide, many will — with notable academic success. 

THUS IT IS LIKELY that somewherc in America's nearly 
2,000 colleges and universities there will be room 
for your children. 

How will you — and they — find it? 

On the same day in late May of last year, 33,559 letters 
went out to young people who had applied for admission 
to the 1961 freshman class in one or more of the eight 
schools that compose the Ivy League. Of these letters, 
20,248 were rejection notices. 

Not all of the 20,248 had been misguided in applying. 
Admissions officers testify that the quahty of the 1961 ap- 
pUcants was higher than ever before, that the competition 
was therefore intense, and that many apphcants who 
might have been welcomed in other years had to be 
turned away in '61. 

Even so, as in years past, a number of the apphcants 
had been the victims of bad advice — from parents, 
teachers, and friends. Had they apphed to other institu- 
tions, equally or better suited to their aptitudes and 
abilities, they would have been accepted gladly, avoiding 
the bitter disappointment, and the occasional tragedy, of 
a turndown. 

The Ivy League experience can be, and is, repeated in 
dozens of other colleges and universities every spring. 
Yet, while some institutions are rejecting more applica- 
tions than they can accept, others (perhaps better quahfied 
to meet the rejected students' needs) still have openings in 
their freshman classes on registration day. 

Educators, both in the colleges and in the secondary 
schools, are aware of the problems in "marrying" the 
right students to the right colleges. An intensive effort is 
under way to reheve them. In the future, you may expect: 
► Better guidance by high-school counselors, based on 

improved testing methods and on improved understanding 
of individual colleges and their offerings. 

► Better definitions, by individual colleges and univer- 
sities, of their philosophies of admission, their criteria for 
choosing students, their strengths in meeting the needs of 
certain types of student and their weakness in meeting the 
needs of others. 

► Less parental pressure on their offspring to attend: the 
college or university that mother or father attended; the 
college or university that "everybody else's children" are 
attending; the college or university that enjoys the greatest 
sports-page prestige, the greatest financial-page prestige, 
or the greatest society-page prestige in town. 

► More awareness that children are different from one 
another, that colleges are different from one another, and 

that a happy match of children and institutions is within 
the reach of any parent (and student) who takes the pains 
to pursue it intelligently. 

► Exploration — but probably, in the near future, no 
widespread adoption — of a central clearing-house for col- 
lege applications, with students stating their choices of 
colleges in preferential order and colleges similarly listing 
their choices of students. The "clearing-house" would 
thereupon match students and institutions according to 
their preferences. 

Despite the likely growth of these practices, applying to 
college may well continue to be part-chaos, part-panic, 
part-snobbishness for years to come. But with the aid of 
enlightened parents and educators, it will be less so, 
tomorrow, than it is today. 

YY hat will they find 

in college? 

THE COLLEGE OF TOMORROW — the One your children 
will find when they get in — is likely to differ from 
the college you knew in your days as a student. 
The students themselves will be different. 
Curricula will be different. 

Extracurricular activities will be different, in many 
respects, from what they were in your day. 

The college year, as well as the college day, may be 

Modes of study will be different. 
With one or two conspicuous exceptions, the changes 
will be for the better. But for better or for worse, 
changes there will be. 


IT WILL COME AS NEWS to no parents that their children 
are different from themselves. 

Academically, they are proving to be more serious than 
many of their predecessor generations. Too serious, some 
say. They enter college with an eye already set on the 
vocation they hope to pursue when they get out; college, 
to many, is simply the means to that end. 

Many students plan to marry as soon as they can afford 
to, and some even before they can afford to. They want 
families, homes, a fair amount of leisure, good jobs, 
security. They dream not of a far-distant future; today's 
students are impatient to translate their dreams into 
reality, soon. 

Like most generalizations, these should be qualified. 
There will be students who are quite far from the average, 
and this is as it should be. But with international ten- 
sions, recurrent war threats, military-service obligations, 
and talk of utter destruction of the race, the tendency is 
for the young to want to cram their lives full of living — 
with no unnecessary delays, please. 

At the moment, there is little likelihood that the urge to 
pace one's life quickly and seriously will soon pass. This is 
the tempo the adult world has set for its young, and they 
will march doubletime to it. 

Economic backgrounds of students will continue to 
grow more diverse. In recent years, thanks to scholar- 
ships, student loans, and the spectacular growth of 
public educational institutions, higher education has 
become less and less the exclusive province of the sons 
and daughters of the well-to-do. The spread of scholarship 
and loan programs geared to family income levels will in- 
tensify this trend, not only in low-tuition public colleges 
and universities but in high-tuition private institutions. 

Students from foreign countries will flock to the U.S. for 
college education, barring a totally deteriorated interna- 
tional situation. Last year 53,107 foreign students, from 
143 countries and political areas, were enrolled in 1,666 
American colleges and universities — almost a 10 per cent 
increase over the year before. Growing numbers of 
African and Asian students accounted for the rise; the 
growth is virtually certain to continue. The presence of 

such students on U.S. campuses — 50 per cent of them are 
undergraduates — has already contributed to a greater 
international awareness on the part of American stu- 
dents. The influence is bound to grow. 

Foreign study by U.S. students is increasing. In 1959-60, 
the most recent year reported, 15,306 were enrolled in 63 
foreign countries, a 1 2 per cent increase in a period of 1 2 
months. Students traveling abroad during summer vaca- 
tions add impressive numbers to this total. 


STUDIES ARE in the course of change, and the changes will 
affect your children. A new toughness in academic 
standards will reflect the great amount of knowledge that 
must be imparted in the college years. 

In the sciences, changes are particularly obvious. Every 
decade, writes Thomas Stelson of Carnegie Tech, 25 per 
cent of the curriculum must be abandoned, due to 
obsolescence. J. Robert Oppenheimer puts it another 
way: nearly everything now known in science, he says, 
"was not in any book when most of us went to school." 

There will be differences in the social sciences and 
humanities, as well. Language instruction, now getting 
new emphasis, is an example. The use of language lab- 
oratories, with tape recordings and other mechanical 
devices, is already popular and will spread. Schools once 
preoccupied almost entirely with science and technology 
{e.g., colleges of engineering, leading medical schools) 
have now integrated social and humanistic studies into 
their curricula, and the trend will spread to other institu- 

International emphasis also will grow. The big push will 
be related to nations and regions outside the Western 
World. For the first time on a large scale, the involvement 

of U.S. higher education will be truly global. This non- 
Western orientation, says one college president (who is 
seconded by many others) is "the new frontier in Ameri- 
can higher education." For undergraduates, comparative 
studies in both the social sciences and the humanities are 
likely to be stressed. The hoped-for result: better under- 
standing of the human experience in all cultures. 

Mechanics of teaching will improve. "Teaching ma- 
chines" will be used more and more, as educators assess 
their value and versatility (see JVho will teach them? on 
the following pages). Closed-circuit television will carry a 
lecturer's voice and closeup views of his demonstrations to 
hundreds of students simultaneously. TV and microfilm 
will grow in usefulness as library tools, enabling institu- 
tions to duplicate, in small space, the resources of distant 
hbraries and specialized rare-book collections. Tape 
recordings will put music and drama, performed by 
masters, on every campus. Computers, already becoming 
almost commonplace, will be used for more and more 
study and research purposes. 

This availability of resources unheard-of in their 
parents' day will enable undergraduates to embark on 
extensive programs of independent study. Under careful 
faculty guidance, independent study will equip students 
with research ability, problem-solving techniques, and 
bibliographic savvy which should be of immense value to 
them throughout their lives. Many of yesterday's college 
graduates still don't know how to work creatively in un- 
familiar intellectual territory: to pinpoint a problem, 
formulate intelligent questions, use a library, map a re- 
search project. There will be far fewer gaps of this sort in 
the training of tomorrow's students. 

Great new stress on quality will be found at all institu- 
tions. Impending explosive growth of the college popula- 
tion has put the spotlight, for years, on handling large 
numbers of students; this has worried educators who 
feared that quality might be lost in a national preoccupa- 
tion with quantity. Big institutions, particularly those with 
"growth situations," are now putting emphasis on main- 
taining high academic standards — and even raising them 
— while handling high enrollments, too. Honors pro- 
grams, opportunities for undergraduate research, in- 
sistence on creditable scholastic achievement are symp- 
tomatic of the concern for academic excellence. 

It's important to realize that this emphasis on quality 
will be found not only in four-year colleges and universi- 
ties, but in two-year institutions, also. "Each [type of 
institution] shall strive for excellence in its sphere," is 
how the California master plan for higher education puts 
it; the same idea is pervading higher education at all levels 
throughout the nation. 


EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITY has been undergoing subtle 

changes at colleges and universities for years and is Ukely 

to continue doing so. Student apathy toward some ac- 
tivities — political clubs, for example — is lessening. Toward 
other activities — the light, the frothy — apathy appears to 
be growing. There is less interest in spectator sports, more 
interest in participant sports that will be playable for most 
of a lifetime. Student newspapers, observes the dean of 
students at a college on the Eastern seaboard, no longer 
rant about band uniforms, closing hours for fraternity 
parties, and the need for bigger pep rallies. Sororities are 
disappearing from the campuses of women's colleges. 
"Fun festivals" are granted less time and importance by 
students; at one big midwestern university, for example, 
the events of May Week — formerly a five-day wingding 
involving floats, honorary-fraternity initiations, faculty- 
student baseball, and crowning of the May Queen — are 
now crammed into one half-day. In spite of the well- 
publicized antics of a relatively few roof-raisers {e.g., 
student rioters at several summer resorts last Labor Day, 
student revelers at Florida resorts during spring-vacation 
periods), a new seriousness is the keynote of most student 

"The faculty and administration are more resistant to 
these changes than the students are," jokes the president of 
a women's college in Pittsburgh. "The typical student 
congress wants to abolish the junior prom; the dean is the 

one who feels nostalgic about it: 'That's the one event 
Mrs. Jones and I looked forward to each year.' " 


EDUCATION, more and more educators are saying, "should 
be much more than the mere retention of subject matter." 

Here are three indications of how the thoughts of many 
educators are running: 

"If [the student] enters college and pursues either an 
intellectual smorgasbord, intellectual Teutonism, or the 
cash register," says a midwestern educator, "his educa- 
tion will, have advanced very little, if at all. The odds are 
quite good that he will simply have exchanged one form of 
barbarism for another . . . Certainly there is no incom- 
patibility between being well-informed and being stupid; 
such a condition makes the student a danger to himself 
and society." 

Says another observer: "I prophesy that a more serious 
intention and mood will progressively characterize the 
campus . . . This means, most of all, commitment to the 
use of one's learning in fruitful, creative, and noble ways." 

"The responsibility of the educated man," says the 
provost of a state university in New England, "is that he 
make articulate to himself and to others what he is willing 
to bet his life on." 

yy ho will teach them? 

KNOW THE QUALITY of the teaching that your children 
can look forward to, and you will know much 
■ about the effectiveness of the education they will 
receive. Teaching, tomorrow as in the past, is the heart of 
higher education. 

It is no secret, by now, that college teaching has been 
on a plateau of crisis in the U.S. for some years. Much of 
the problem is traceable to money. Salaries paid to college 
teachers lagged far behind those paid elsewhere in jobs 
requiring similarly high talents. While real incomes, as 
well as dollar incomes, climbed for most other groups of 
Americans, the real incomes of college professors not 
merely stood still but dropped noticeably. 

The financial pinch became so bad, for some teachers, 
that despite obvious devotion to their careers and obvious 
preference for this profession above all others, they had to 
leave for other jobs. Many bright young people, the sort 
who ordinarily would be attracted to teaching careers, 
took one look at the salary scales and decided to make 
their mark in another field. 

Has the situation improved? 

Will it be better when your children go to college? 

Yes. At the moment, faculty salaries and fringe benefits 
(on the average) are rising. Since the rise started from an 
extremely disadvantageous level, however, no one is getting 
rich in the process. Indeed, on almost every campus the 
real income in every rank of the faculty is still considerably 
less than it once was. Nor have faculty salary scales, 
generally, caught up with the national scales in competitive 
areas such as business and government. 

But the trend is encouraging. If it continues, the 
financial plight of teachers — and the serious threat to 
education which it has posed — should be substantially 
diminished by 1970. 

None of this will happen automatically, of course. For 
evidence, check the appropriations for higher education 
made at your state legislature's most recent session. If 
yours was like a number of recent legislatures, it "econo- 
mized" — and professorial salaries suffered. The support 
which has enabled many colleges to correct the most 
glaring salary deficiencies must continue until the problem 
is fully solved. After that, it is essential to make sure that 

the quality of our college teaching — a truly crucial element 
in fashioning the minds and attitudes of your children — is 
not jeopardized again by a failure to pay its practitioners 

THERE ARE OTHER ANGLES to the question of attracting 
and retaining a good faculty besides money. 
► The better the student body — the more challeng- 
ing, the more lively its members — the more attractiveisthe 
job of teaching it. "Nothing is more certain to make 
teaching a dreadful task than the feeling that you are 
dealing with people who have no interest in what you are 
talking about," says an experienced professor at a small 
college in the Northwest. 

"An appalling number of the students I have known 
were bright, tested high on their College Boards, and 
still lacked flair and drive and persistence," says another 
professor. "I have concluded that much of the difference 
between them and the students who are 'alive' must be 
traceable to their homes, their fathers, their mothers. 
Parents who themselves take the trouble to be interesting 
— and interested — seem to send us children who are 
interesting and interested." 

► The better the library and laboratory faciUties, the 
more likely is a college to be able to recruit and keep a 
good faculty. Even small colleges, devoted strictly to 
undergraduate studies, are finding ways to provide their 
faculty members with opportunities to do independent 
reading and research. They find it pays in many ways: the 
faculty teaches better, is more alert to changes in the 
subject matter, is less likely to leave for other fields. 

► The better the public-opinion climate toward teachers 
in a community, the more hkely is a faculty to be strong. 
Professors may grumble among themselves about all the 
invitations they receive to speak to women's clubs and 

alumni groups ("When am I supposed to find the time to 
check my lecture notes?"), but they take heart from the 
high regard for their profession which such invitations 
from the community represent. 

► Part-time consultant jobs are an attraction to good 
faculty members. (Conversely, one of the principal check- 
points for many industries seeking new plant sites is. 
What faculty talent is nearby?) Such jobs provide teachers 
both with additional income and with enormously useful 
opportunities to base their classroom teachings on 
practical, current experience. 

hold on to their present good teachers and replace 
those who retire or resign. Over the next few years 
many institutions must add to their teaching staffs at a 
prodigious rate, in order to handle the vastly larger 
numbers of students who are already forming lines in the 
admissions ofiBce. 

The ability to be a college teacher is not a skill that can 
be acquired overnight, or in a year or two. A Ph.D. 
degree takes at least four years to get, after one has 
earned his bachelor's degree. More often it takes six or 
seven years, and sometimes 10 to 15. 

In every ten-year period since the turn of the century, 
as Bernard Berelson of Columbia University has pointed 
out, the production of doctorates in the U.S. has doubled. 
But only about 60 per cent of Ph.D.'s today go into 
academic life, compared with about 80 per cent at the turn 
of the century. And only 20 per cent wind up teaching 
undergraduates in liberal arts colleges. 

Holders of lower degrees, therefore, will occupy many 
teaching positions on tomorrow's college faculties. 

This is not necessarily bad. A teacher's abiUty is not 
always defined by the number of degrees he is entitled to 

write after his name. Indeed, said the graduate dean of one 
great university several years ago, it is high time that 
"universities have the courage ... to select men very 
largely on the quality of work they have done and soft- 
pedal this matter of degrees." 

IN SUMMARY, salaries for teachers will be better, larger 
numbers of able young people will be attracted into the 
field (but their preparation will take time), and fewer 
able people will be lured away. In expanding their faculties, 
some colleges and universities will accept more holders of 
bachelor's and master's degrees than they have been ac- 
customed to, but this may force them to focus attention 
on ability rather than to rely as unquestioningly as in the 
past on the magic of a doctor's degree. 

Meanwhile, other developments provide grounds for 
cautious optimism about the effectiveness of the teaching 
your children will receive. 


TELEVISION, not long ago found only in the lounges of 
dormitories and student unions, is now an accepted 
teaching tool on many campuses. Its use will grow. "To 
report on the use of television in teaching," says Arthur 
S. Adams, past president of the American Council on 
Education, "is like trying to catch a galloping horse." 

For teaching closeup work in dentistry, surgery, and 
laboratory sciences, closed-circuit TV is unexcelled. The 
number of students who can gaze into a patient's gaping 
mouth while a teacher demonstrates how to fill a cavity 
is limited; when their place is taken by a TV camera and 
the students cluster around TV screens, scores can watch 
— and see more, too. 

Television, at large schools, has the additional virtue of 
extending the effectiveness of a single teacher. Instead of 
giving the same lecture (replete with the same jokes) three 
times to students filling the campus's largest hall, a pro- 
fessor can now give it once — and be seen in as many 
auditoriums and classrooms as are needed to accommo- 
date all registrants in his course. Both the professor and 
the jokes are fresher, as a result. 

How effective is TV? Some carefully controlled studies 
show that students taught from the fluorescent screen do 
as well in some types of course {e.g., lectures) as those 
sitting in the teacher's presence, and sometimes better. 
But TV standardizes instruction to a degree that is not 
always desirable. And, reports Henry H. Cassirer of 
UNESCO, who has analyzed television teaching in the 
U.S., Canada, Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and 
Japan, students do not want to lose contact with their 
teachers. They want to be able to ask questions as instruc- 
tion progresses. Mr. Cassirer found effective, on the other 
hand, the combination of a central TV lecturer with 
classroom instructors who prepare students for the lecture 
and then discuss it with them afterward. 


HOLDING GREAT PROMISE for the Improvement of instruc- 
tion at all levels of schooling, including college, are 
programs of learning presented through mechanical self- 
teaching devices, popularly called "teaching machines." 

The most widely used machine, invented by Professor 
Frederick Skinner of Harvard, is a box-Uke device with 

three windows in its top. When the student turns a crank, 
an item of information, along with a question about it, 
appears in the lefthand window (A). The student writes 
his answer to the question on a paper strip exposed in 
another window (B). The student turns the crank again — 
and the correct answer appears at window A. 

Simultaneously, this action moves the student's answer 
under a transparent shield covering window C, so that 
the student can see, but not change, what he has written. 
If the answer is correct, the student turns another crank, 
causing the tape to be notched; the machine will by-pass 
this item when the student goes through the series of ques- 
tions again. Questions are arranged so that each item 
builds on previous information the machine has given. 

Such self-teaching devices have these advantages: 

► Each student can proceed at his own pace, whereas 
classroom lectures must be paced to the "average" student 
— too fast for some, too slow for others. "With a ma- 
chine," comments a University of Rochester psychologist, 
"the brighter student could go ahead at a very fast pace." 

► The machine makes examinations and testing a re- 
warding and learning experience, rather than a punish- 
ment. If his answer is correct, the student is rewarded 
with that knowledge instantly; this reinforces his memory 
of the right information. If the answer is incorrect, the 
machine provides the correct answer immediately. In large 
classes, no teacher can provide such frequent — and indi- 
vidual — rewards and immediate corrections. 

► The machine smooths the ups and dovras in the learn- 

ing process by removing some external sources of anxie- 
ties, such as fear of falling behind. 
► If a student is having difficulty with a subject, the 
teacher can check back over his machine tapes and find 
the exact point at which the student began to go wrong. 
Correction of the difficulty can be made with precision, 
not gropingly as is usually necessary in machineless 

Not only do the machines give promise of accelerating 
the learning process; they introduce an individuality to 

learning which has previously been unknown. "Where 
television holds the danger of standardized instruction," 
said John W. Gardner, president of the Carnegie Corpora- 
tion of New York, in a report to then-President Eisen- 
hower, "the self-teaching device can individuahze instruc- 
tion in ways not now possible — and the student is always 
an active participant." Teaching machines are being 
tested, and used, on a number of college campuses and 
seem certain to figure prominently in the teaching of your 

Yy ill they graduate? 

SAID AN ADMINISTRATOR at a University in the South 
not long ago (he was the director of admissions, no 
less, and he spoke not entirely in jest): 

"I'm happy I went to college back when I did, instead 
of now. Today, the admissions office probably wouldn't 
let me in. If they did, I doubt that I'd last more than a 
semester or two." 

Getting into college is a problem, nowadays. Staying 
there, once in, can be even more difficult. 

Here are some of the principal reasons why many 
students fail to finish: 

Academic failure: For one reason or another — not 
always connected with a lack of aptitude or potential 
scholastic ability — many students fail to make the grade. 
Low entrance requirements, permitting students to enter 
college without sufficient aptitude or previous preparation, 
also play a big part. In schools where only a high-school 
diploma is required for admission, drop-outs and failures 
during the first two years average (nationally) between 60 
and 70 per cent. Normally selective admissions procedures 
usually cut this rate down to between 20 and 40 per cent. 
Where admissions are based on keen competition, the 
attrition rate is 10 per cent or less. 

FUTURE outlook: High schools are tightening their 
academic standards, insisting upon greater effort by 
students, and teaching the techniques of note-taking, ef- 
fective studying, and hbrary use. Such measures will 
inevitably better the chances of students when they reach 
college. Better testing and counseling programs should 
help, by guiding less-able students away from institutions 
where they'll be beyond their depth and into institutions 
better suited to their abilities and needs. Growing popular 
acceptance of the two-year college concept will also help, 
as will the adoption of increasingly selective admissions 
procedures by four-year colleges and universities. 

Parents can help by encouraging activities designed to 
find the right academic spot for their children; by recog- 

nizing their children's strengths and limitations; by creat- 
ing an atmosphere in which children will be encouraged to 
read, to study, to develop curiosity, to accept new ideas. 

Poor motivation: Students drop out of college "not only 
because they lack ability but because they do not have 
the motivation for serious study," say persons who have 
studied the attrition problem. This aspect of students' 
failure to finish college is attracting attention from edu- 
cators and administrators both in colleges and in secondary 

future outlook: Extensive research is under way to 
determine whether motivation can be measured. The 
"Personal Values Inventory," developed by scholars at 
Colgate University, is one promising yardstick, providing 
information about a student's long-range persistence, 
personal self-control, and deliberateness (as opposed to 
rashness). Many colleges and universities are participating 
in the study, in an effort to establish the efficacy of the 
tests. Thus far, report the Colgate researchers, "the tests 
have successfully differentiated between over- and under- 
achievers in every college included in the sample." 

Parents can help by their own attitudes toward scholas- 
tic achievement and by encouraging their children to 


develop independence from adults. "This, coupled with 
the reflected image that a person acquires from his 
parents — an image relating to persistence and other 
traits and values — may have much to do with his orienta- 
tion toward academic success," the Colgate investigators 

Money: Most parents think they know the cost of send- 
ing a child to college. But, a recent survey shows, rela- 
tively few of them actually do. The average parent, the 
survey disclosed, underestimates college costs by roughly 
40 per cent. In such a situation, parental savings for col- 
lege purposes often run out quickly — and, unless the 
student can fill the gap with scholarship aid, a loan, or 
earnings from part-time employment, he drops out. 

FUTURE outlook: A surprisingly high proportion of 
financial dropouts are ciildren of middle-income, not 
low-income, families. If parents would inform themselves 
fully about current college costs — and reinform them- 
selves periodically, since prices tend to go up — a substan- 
tial part of this problem could be solved in the future by 
realistic family savings programs. 

Other probabilities: growing federal and state (as 
well as private) scholarship programs; growing private 
and governmental loan programs. 

Jobs: Some students, anxious to strike out on their 
own, are lured from college by jobs requiring little skill but 
offering attractive starting salaries. Many such students 
may have hesitated about going to college in the first 
place and drop out at the first opportunity. 

FUTURE outlook: The lure of jobs will always tempt 
some students, but awareness of the value of completing 
college — for lifelong financial gain, if for no other reason 
— is increasing. 

Emotional problems: Some students find themselves 
unable to adjust to college life and drop out as a result. 
Often such problems begin when a student chooses a col- 
lege that's "wrong" for him. It may accord him too much 
or too little freedom; its pace may be too swift for him, 
resulting in frustration, or too slow, resulting in boredom; 
it may be "too social" or "not social enough." 

FUTURE outlook: With expanding and more skillful 
guidance counseling and psychological testing, more 
students can expect to be steered to the "right" college 
environment. This won't entirely eliminate the emotional- 
maladjustment problem, but it should ease it substantially. 

Marriage: Many students marry while still in college 
but fully expect to continue their education. A number do 
go on (sometimes wives withdraw from college to earn 
money to pay their husbands' educational expenses). 
Others have children before graduating and must drop 
out of college in order to support their family. 

FUTURE outlook: The trend toward early marriage 
shows no signs of abating. Large numbers of parents 
openly or tacitly encourage children to go steady and to 
marry at an early age. More and more colleges are provid- 

ing living quarters for married undergraduate students. 
Some even have day-care facilities for students' young 
children. Attitudes and customs in their "peer groups" 
will continue to influence young people on the questionj 
of marrying early; in some groups, it's frowned upon; m 
others, it's the thing to do. \ 

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES are deeply interested in; 
finding solutions to the attrition problem in all it^ 
aspects. Today, at many institutions, enrollment; 
resembles a pyramid: the freshman class, at the bottom,) 
is big; the sophomore class is smaller, the junior class still' 
smaller, and the senior class a mere fraction of the fresh- 
man group. Such pyramids are wasteful, expensive, inef- 
ficient. They represent hundreds, sometimes thousands, of 
personal tragedies: young people who didn't make it. 

The goal of the colleges is to change the pyramid into a 
straight-sided figure, with as many people graduating as 
enter the freshman class. In the college of tomorrow, the 
sides will not yet have attained the perfect vertical, but — as 
a result of improved placement, admissions, and aca- 
demic practices — they should slope considerably less than 
they do now. 

YY/ hat will college 

have done for them? 

IF YOUR CHILDREN are like about 33 per cent of today's 
college graduates, they will not end their formal educa- 
tion when they get their bachelor's degrees. On they'll 
go— to graduate school, to a professional school, or to an 
advanced technological institution. 
There are good reasons for their continuing: 

► In four years, nowadays, one can only begin to scratch 
the surface of the body of knowledge in his specialty. To 
teach, or to hold down a high-ranking job in industry or 
government, graduate study is becoming more and more 
useful and necessary. 

► Automation, in addition to eliminating jobs in un- 
skilled categories, will have an increasingly strong effect on 
persons holding jobs in middle management and middle 
technology. Competition for survival will be intense. 
Many students will decide that one way of competing 
advantageously is to take as much formal education be- 
yond the baccalaureate as they can get. 

► One way in which women can compete successfully 
with men for high-level positions is to be equipped with a 
graduate degree when they enter the job market. 

► Students heading for school-teaching careers will 
increasingly be urged to concentrate on substantive studies 
in their undergraduate years and to take methodology 
courses in a postgraduate schooling period. The same will 
be true in many other fields. 

► Shortages are developing in some professions, e.g., 
medicine. Intensive efforts will be made to woo more top 
undergraduates into professional schools, and opportuni- 
ties in short-supplied professions will become increasingly 

► "Skills," predicts a Presidential committee, "may be- 
come obsolete in our fast-moving industrial society. Sound 
education provides a basis for adjustment to constant and 
abrupt change — a base on which new skills may be built." 
The moral will not be lost on tomorrow's students. 

In addition to having such practical motives, tomor- 
row's students will be influenced by a growing tendency 
to expose them to graduate-level work while they are still 
undergraduates. Independent study will give them a taste 
of the intellectual satisfaction to be derived from learning 
on their own. Graduate-style seminars, with their stimulat- 
ing give-and-take of fact and opinion, will exert a strong 

appeal. As a result, for able students the distinction be- 
tween undergraduate and graduate work will become 
blurred and meaningless. Instead of arbitrary insistence 
upon learning in two-year or four-year units, there will 
be more attention paid to the length of time a student 
requires — and desires — to immerse himself in the specialty 
that interests him. 

A ND EVEN with graduate or professional study, educa- 
a\ tion is not likely to end for your children. 
•^ -^ Administrators in the field of adult education — 
or, more accurately, "continuing education" — expect that 
within a decade the number of students under their wing 
will exceed the number of undergraduates in American 
colleges and universities. 

"Continuing education," says Paul A. McGhee, dean 
of New York University's Division of General Education 
(where annually some 17,000 persons enroll in around 
1,200 non-credit courses) "is primarily the education of 
the already educated." The more education you have, the 
more you are likely to want. Since more and more people 
will go to college, it follows that more and more people 
will seek knowledge throughout their lives. 

We are, say adult-education leaders, departing from the 
old notion that one works to live. In this day of automa- 
tion and urbanization, a new concept is emerging: "time," 
not "work," is the paramount factor in people's lives. 
Leisure takes on a new meaning: along with golf, boating. 

and partying, it now includes study. And he who forsakes 
gardening for studying is less and less likely to be regarded 
as the neighborhood oddball. 

Certain to vanish are the last vestiges of the stigma that 
has long attached to "night school." Although the con- 
cept of night school as a place for educating only the il- 
literate has changed, many who have studied at night — 
either for credit or for fun and intellectual stimulation — 
have felt out of step, somehow. But such views are 
obsolescent and soon will be obsolete. 

Thus far, American colleges and universities — with 
notable exceptions — have not led the way in providing 
continuing education for their alumni. Most alumni have 
been forced to rely on local boards of education and other 
civic and social groups to provide lectures, classes, discus- 
sion groups. These have been inadequate, and institutions 
of higher education can be expected to assume un- 
precedented roles in the continuing-education field. 

Alumni and alumnae are certain to demand that they 
take such leadership. Wrote Clarence B. Randall in The 
New York Times Magazine: "At institution after institu- 
tion there has come into being an organized and articulate 
group of devoted graduates who earnestly believe . . . that 
the college still has much to offer them." 

When colleges and universities respond on a large scale 
to the growing demand for continuing education, the 
variety of courses is likely to be enormous. Already, in 
institutions where continuing education is an accepted 
role, the range is from space technology to existentialism 
to funeral direction. (When the University of California 
offered non-credit courses in the first-named subject to 
engineers and physicists, the combined enrollment reached 
4,643.) "From the world of astronauts, to the highest of 
ivory towers, to six feet under," is how one wag has 
described the phenomenon. 

SOME OTHER LIKELY FEATURES of your children, after 
they are graduated from tomorrow's colleges: 
► They'll have considerably more political sophisti- 
cation than did the average person who marched up to get 
a diploma in their parents' day. Political parties now have 
active student groups on many campuses and publish 
material beamed specifically at undergraduates. Student- 
government organizations are developing sophisticated 
procedures. Nonpartisan as well as partisan groups, oper- 
ating on a national scale, are fanning student interest in 
current political affairs. 

► They'll have an international orientation that many of 
their parents lacked when they left the campuses. The 
presence of more foreign students in their classes, the 
emphasis on courses dealing with global affairs, the front 
pages of their daily newspapers will all contribute to this 
change. They will find their international outlook useful: 
a recent government report predicts that "25 years from 
now, one college graduate in four will find at least part of 

his career abroad in such places as Rio de Janeiro, Dakar, 
Beirut, Leopoldville, Sydney, Melbourne, or Toronto." | 

► They'll have an awareness of unanswered questions, 
to an extent that their parents probably did not have, i 
Principles that once were regarded (and taught) as in- J 
controvertible fact are now regarded (and taught) as sub- i 
ject to constant alteration, thanks to the frequent toppling ^ 
of long-held ideas in today's explosive sciences and i 
technologies. Says one observer: "My student generation, 
if it looked at the world, didn't know it was 'loaded'. | 
Today's student has no such ignorance." 

► They'll possess a broad-based liberal education, but j 
in their jobs many of them are likely to specialize more i 
narrowly than did their elders. "It is a rare bird today 
who knows all about contemporary physics and all about ' 
modern mathematics," said one of the world's most dis- j 
tinguished scientists not long ago, "and if he exists, Ij 

haven't found him. Because of the rapid growth of science, 
it has become impossible for one man to master any large 
part of it; therefore, we have the necessity of specializa- 

► Your daughters are likely to be impatient with the 
prospect of devoting their lives solely to unskilled labor as I 
housewives. Not only will more of tomorrow's women l 
graduates embark upon careers when they receive their 
diplomas, but more of them will keep up their contacts.; 
with vocational interests even during their period of child- '■ 
rearing. And even before the children are grown, more of 
them will return to the working force, either as paid 

employees or as highly skilled volunteers. •; 


tomorrow's graduates will find some of the pros- 1 
pects good, some of them deplorable. In essence, ■ 
however, the likely trends of tomorrow are only continua- 
tions of trends that are clearly established today, and > 
moving inexorably. 

Y/y ho will pay— and how? 

WILL YOU BE ABLE to affofd a College education 
for your children? The tuition? The travel ex- 
pense? The room rent? The board? 
In addition: 

Will you be able to pay considerably more than is 
written on the price-tags for these items? 

The stark truth is that you — or somebody — must pay, 
if your children are to go to college and get an education 
as good as the education you received. 

HERE is where colleges and universities get their 
From taxes paid to governments at all levels: 
city, state, and federal. Governments now appropriate an 
estimated $2.9 billion in support of higher education 
every year. By 1970 government support will have grown 
to roughly $4 billion. 

From private gifts and grants. These now provide nearly 
$1 billion annually. By 1970 they must provide about 
$2,019 bilhon. Here is where this money is likely to come 

Alumni $ 505,000,000(25%) 

Non-alumni individuals 505,000,000 (25%) 

Business corporations 505,000,000 (25%) 

Foundations 262,000,000 (13%) 

Religious denominations 242,000,000 (12%) 

, Total voluntary support, 1970 . $2,019,000,000 

From endowment earnings. These now provide around 
$210 milhon a year. By 1970 endowment will produce 
around $333 million a year. 

From tuition and fees. These now provide around $1.2 
bilhon (about 21 per cent of college and university funds). 
By 1970 they must produce about $2.1 bilhon (about 23.5 
per cent of all funds). 

From other sources. Miscellaneous income now provides 
around $410 milhon annually. By 1970 the figure is ex- 
pected to be around $585 million. 

These estimates, made by the independent Council for 
Financial Aid to Education*, are based on the "best 
available" estimates of the expected growth in enroll- 
ment in America's colleges and universities: from sUghtly 
less than 4 million this year to about 6.4 million in the 

*To whose research staff the editors are indebted for most of the 
financial projections cited in tiiis section of their report. CFAE 
statisticians, using and comparing three methods of projection, built 
their esthnates on available hard figures and carefully reasoned 
assumptions about the future. 

academic year 1969-70. The total income that the colleges 
and universities will require in 1970 to handle this enroll- 
ment will be on the order of $9 billion — compared with 
the $5.6 billion that they received and spent in 1959-60. 


VIRTUALLY EVERY SOURCE of funds, of course — however 
it is labeled — boils down to you. Some of the money, you 
pay directly: tuition, fees, gifts to the colleges and univer- 
sities that you support. Other funds pass, in a sense, 
through channels — your church, the several levels of 
government to which you pay taxes, the business corpora- 
tions with which you deal or in which you own stock. 
But, in the last analysis, individual persons are the source 
of them all. 

Hence, if you wished to reduce your support of higher 
education, you could do so. Conversely (as is presumably 
the case with most enlightened parents and with most col- 
lege alumni and alumnae), if you wished to increase it, 
you could do that, also — with your vote and your check- 
book. As is clearly evident in the figures above, it is es- 
sential that you substantially increase both your direct 
and your indirect support of higher education between 
now and 1970, if tomorrow's colleges and universities are 
to give your children the education that you would wish 
for them. 


SINCE IT REQUIRES long-range planning and long-range 
voluntary saving, for most famiUes the most difficult part 
of financing their children's education is paying the direct 
costs: tuition, fees, room, board, travel expenses. 

These costs vary widely from institution to institution. 
At government-subsidized colleges and universities, for 

example, tuition fees for state residents may be non- 
existent or quite low. At community colleges, located 
within commuting distance of their students' homes, room 
and board expenses may consist only of what parents are 
already paying for housing and food. At independent 
(non-governmental) colleges and universities, the costs 
may be considerably higher. 

In 1960-61, here is what the average male student 
spent at the average institution of higher education, in- 
cluding junior colleges, in each of the two categories 
(public and private): 

Public Private 

Institutions Institutions 

Tuition $179 $ 676 

Board 383 404 

Room 187 216 

Total $749 $1,296 

These, of course, are "hard-core" costs only, repre- 
senting only part of the expense. The average annual 
bill for an unmarried student is around $1,550. This con- 
servative figure, provided by the Survey Research Center 
at the University of Michigan for the U.S. Office of Edu- 
cation, does not include such items as clothing. And, as 
we have attempted to stress by italicizing the word "aver- 
age" wherever it appears, the bill can be considerably 
higher, as well as somewhat lower. At a private college 
for women (which is likely to get relatively little money 
from other sources and must therefore depend heavily 
upon tuition income) the hard-core costs alone may now 
run as high as $2,600 per year. 

Every parent must remember that costs will inevitably 
rise, not fall, in the years ahead. In 1970, according to 
one estimate, the cost of four years at the average state 
university will be $5,800; at the average private college, 


SUCH SUMS represent a healthy part of most families' 
resources. Hard-core costs alone equal, at public institu- 
tions, about 13 per cent of the average American family's 
annual income; at private institutions, about 23 per cent 
of average annual income. 

How do families afford it? How can you afford it? 

Here is how the typical family pays the current average 
bill of $1,550 per year: 

Parents contribute $950 

Scholarships defray 130 

The student earns 360 

Other sources yield 110 

Nearly half of all parents begin saving money for their 
children's college education well before their children are 
ready to enroll. Fourteen per cent report that they borrow 
money to help meet college costs. Some 27 per cent take 
on extra work, to earn more money. One in five mothers 
does additional work in order to help out. 

Financing the education of one's children is obviously, 

for many families, a scramble — a piecing-together of 
many sources of funds. 

Is such scrambling necessary? The question can be 
answered only on a family-by-family basis. But these 
generalizations do seem valid: 

► Many parents think they are putting aside enough 
money to pay most of the costs of sending their children 
to college. But most parents seriously underestimate 
what these costs will be. The only solution: Keep posted, 
by checking college costs periodically. What was true of 
college costs yesterday (and even of the figures in this 
report, as nearly current as they are) is not necessarily 
true of college costs today. It will be even less true of 
college costs tomorrow. 

► If they knew what college costs really were, and what 
they are likely to be in the years when their children are 
likely to enroll, many parents could save enough money. 
They would start saving earlier and more persistently. 
They would gear their family budgets to the need. They 
would revise their savings programs from time to time, 
as they obtained new information about cost changes. 

► Many parents count on scholarships to pay their chil 
dren's way. For upper-middle-income families, this reli- 
ance can be disastrous. By far the greatest number of 
scholarships are now awarded on the basis of financial 
need, largely determined by level of family income. (Col- 
leges and other scholarship sources are seriously con- 
cerned about the fact, indicated by several studies, that 
at least 100,000 of the country's high-school graduates 
each year are unable to attend college, primarily for 
financial reasons.) Upper-middle-income families are 
among those most seriously affected by the sudden reali- 
zation that they have failed to save enough for their 
children's education. 

► Loan programs make sense. Since going to college 
sometimes costs as much as buying a house (which most 
families finance through long-term borrowing), long-terra 

repayment of college costs, by students or their parents, 
strikes many people as highly logical. 

Loans can be obtained from government and from 
private bankers. Just last spring, the most ambitious 
private loan program yet developed was put into opera- 
tion: United Student Aid Funds, Inc., is the backer, with 
headquarters at 420 Lexington Avenue, New York 17, 
N.Y. It is raising sufficient capital to underwrite a reserve 
fund to endorse $500 million worth of long-term, low- 
interest bank loans to students. Affiliated state com- 
mittees, established by citizen groups, will act as the 
direct contact agencies for students. 

In the 1957-58 academic year, loans for educational 
purposes totaled only $115 million. Last year they totaled 
an estimated $430 million. By comparison, scholarships 
from all sources last year amounted to only $160 million. 


HIGH AS THEY SEEM, tuition rates are bargains, in this 
sense: They do not begin to pay the cost of providing a 
college education. 

On the national average, colleges and universities must 
receive between three and four additional dollars for 
every one dollar that they collect from students, in order 
to provide their services. At public institutions, the ratio 
of non-tuition money to tuition money is greater than 
the average: the states typically spend more than $700 
for every student enrolled. 

Even the gross cost of higher education is low, when 
put in perspective. In terms of America's total production 
of goods and services, the proportion of the gross na- 
tional product spent for higher education is only 1.3 per 
cent, according to government statistics. 

To put salaries and physical plant on a sound footing, 
colleges must spend more money, in relation to the gross 
national product, than they have been spending in the 
past. Before they can spend it, they must get it. From 
what sources? 

Using the current and the 1970 figures that were cited 
earlier, tuition will probably have to carry, on the aver- 
age, about 2 per cent more of the share of total educa- 
tional costs than it now carries. Governmental support, 
although increasing by about a billion dollars, will actu- 
ally carry about 7 per cent less of the total cost than it 
now does. Endowment income's share will remain about 
the same as at present. Revenues in the category of "other 
sources" can be expected to decline by about .8 per cent, 
in terms of their share of the total load. Private gifts and 
grants — from alumni, non-alumni individuals, businesses 
and unions, philanthropic foundations, and religious de- 
nominations — must carry about 6 per cent more of the 
total cost in 1970, if higher education is not to founder. 

Alumnae and alumni, to whom colleges and universi- 
ties must look for an estimated 25 per cent ($505 million) 
of such gifts: please note. 


INDUSTRIAL COST ACCOUNTANTS — and, not infrequently, 
other business men — sometimes tear their hair over the 
"inefficiencies" they see in higher education. Physical 
facilities — classrooms, for example— are in use for only 
part of the 24-hour day, and sometimes they stand idle 
for three months in summertime. Teachers "work" — 
i.e., actually stand in the front of their classes — for only 
a fraction of industry's 40-hour week. (The hours devoted 
to preparation and research, without which a teacher 
would soon become a purveyor of dangerously outdated 
misinformation, don't show on formal teaching schedules 
and are thus sometimes overlooked by persons making a 
judgment in terms of business efficiency.) Some courses 
are given for only a handful of students. (What a waste 
of space and personnel, some cost analysts say.) 

A few of these "inefficiencies" are capable of being 
curbed, at least partially. The use of physical facilities is 
being increased at some institutions through the provision 
of night lectures and lab courses. Summer schools and 
year-round schedules are raising the rate of plant utiliza- 
tion. But not all schools are so situated that they can 
avail themselves of even these economies. 

The president of the Rochester (N.Y.) Chamber of 
Commerce observed not long ago: 

"The heart of the matter is simply this: To a great 
extent, the very thing which is often referred to as the 
'inefficient' or 'unbusinesslike' phase of a liberal arts 
college's operation is really but an accurate reflection of 
its true essential nature . . . [American business and 
industry] have to understand that much of Uberal edu- 
cation which is urgently worth saving cannot be justified 
on a dollars-and-cents basis." 

In short, although educators have as much of an obli- 
gation as anyone else to use money wisely, you just can't 
run a college like a railroad. Your children would be 
cheated, if anybody tried. 

In sum: 

WHEN YOUR CHILDREN go to College, what will 
college be like? Their college will, in short, be 
ready for them. Its teaching staff will be compe- 
tent and Complete. Its courses will be good and, as you 
would wish them to be, demanding of the best talents 
that your children possess. Its physical facilities will sur- 
pass those you knew in your college years. The oppor- 
tunities it will offer your children will be limitless. 


That is the important word. 

Between now and 1970 (a date that the editors arbi- 
trarily selected for most of their projections, although 
the date for your children may come sooner or it may 
come later), much must be done. to build the strength of 
America's colleges and universities. For, between now 
and 1970, they will be carrying an increasingly heavy 
load in behalf of the nation. 

They will need more money — considerably more than 
is now available to them — and they will need to obtain 
much of it from you. 

They will need, as always, the understanding bj 
thoughtful portions of the citizenry (particularly theii 
own alumni and alumnae) of the subtleties, the sensitive- 
ness, the fine balances of freedom and responsibilitj 
without which the mechanism of higher education cannol 

They will need, if they are to be of highest service to 
your children, the best aid which you are capable ol 
giving as a parent: the preparation of your children tc 
value things of the mind, to know the joy of meeting anc 
overcoming obstacles, and to develop their own personal 

Your children are members of the most promising 
American generation. (Every new generation, properly, 
is so regarded.) To help them realize their promise is a 
job to which the colleges and universities are dedicated, 
It is their supreme function. It is the job to which you, as 
parent, are also dedicated. It is your supreme function, 

With your efforts and the efforts of the college of to- 
morrow, your children's future can be brilhant. If. 

"The College 
of Tomorrow' 

The report on this and the preceding 15 pages is the product of a cooperative endeavor in which scores of 
schools, colleges, and universities are taking part. It was prepared under the direction of the group listed 
below, who form editorial projects for education, a non-profit organization associated with the Ameri- 
can Alumni Council. Copyright & 1962 by Editorial Projects for Education, Inc., 1707 N Street, N.W., 
Washington 6, D.C. All rights reserved; no part of this supplement may be reproduced without express permission of the editors. Printed in U.S.A. 


The University of Notre Dame 


Emory University 


Yale University 


Carnegie Institute of Technology The University of Oklahoma Stanford University 


Swarthmore College The University of New Hampshire American Alumni Council 


American Alumni Council Wesleyan University Washington University Baylor University 


New York University 


The University of Pennsylvania 


Dartmouth College The University of Arkansas 


Brown University 


The University of California 


The Johns Hopkins University 


The Ohio State University 


Sweet Briar College 


Executive Editor 

Paul D. Hardin 

James S. Ferguson 

R. H. Moore 

John Christmas 

The College of Tommorrow: 

Millsaps Administrators' Views 

Who will go to college? 

Paul D. Hardin — Colleges have personalities, just as 
people do. Certain colleges are better suited to the needs 
of certain applicants than others. The problem is that the 
applicants do not always consider this fact. They judge a 
college by its reputation, or by the number of their friends 
going there, or by its size. Students should deliberate care- 
fully in order to make this important decision wisely; col- 
leges are equally obligated to be judicious in selecting their 

The enrollment push makes it increasingly important 
for a college to select from its applicants the people who 
will do well in the school in order that its personnel and 
facilities not be wasted. A college cannot now afford the 
luxury of allowing students to enter who are not certain that 
they've made the right choice. 

The American College Test scores are helping Millsaps 
officials to determine which students are best Millsaps ma- 
terial by providing a common standard. Millsaps alumni 
and friends can also help by recommending high school 
students who they think will make the type of students the 
College wants — those who will best benefit by what we 
have to offer. 

Millsaps anticipates setting forth in a pamphlet its 
philosophy on criteria for choosing students. This publica- 
tion will be prepared as soon as we feel that the ACT pro- 
gram has been used long enough to make us certain of 
the correlation between the test results, high school rec- 
ords, and college achievements. 

What will they find? 

James S. Ferguson — The student who enrolls today at 
Millsaps College will find essentially the same emphasis on 
liberal arts that his father found during his enrollment 

There are modifications and modernizations, of course. 
For instance, in the physics department a student in 1962-63 
will find fifty per cent more offerings than his father did. 
There is now the study of nuclear physics. In mathematics 
the son's talk of set theory, matrices, and number systems 
will be somewhat mysterious to the father. 

He will see many changes in teaching methods. There 
is a wider use of seminars than formerly. There is even 
greater emphasis than in earlier years on the development 

of independent study skills by the individual student. The 
ablest students are placed in accelerated classes in mathe- 
matics and/or history. Many of these same people will move 
into a departmental honors program in the junior and sen- 
ior years which will culminate in a formal research paper 
stressing independent study. 

There are at Millsaps no "teaching machines" or closed- 
circuit television, although a few departments have utilized 
the opportunities provided by "Continental Classroom" or 
"College of the Air." The language student will find - a 
modern electronic laboratory which speeds the development 
of spoken language and the discovery of the feeling of the 
language. In the long run, however, the teaching-learning 
process is a human one, and schools can hope through me- 
chanical devices only to multiply the effectiveness of a skill- 
ful teacher. 

Who will teach them? 

R. H. Moore — The answer to this question is of para- 
mount importance to Millsaps, and the present Development 
Campaign will provide a partial answer. Money alone, how- 
ever, will not secure the new faculty members we need. Mill- 
saps also offers to the prospective teacher many advantages 
which will permit us to compete for the best men when 
salaries are raised to a comparative scale with other good 
schools. Our fringe benefits are quite good and becoming 
better. We offer the possibility that in the near future our 
teaching loads will be lightened. Of great importance is the 
fact that we offer a college community with facilities for 
teaching which will soon be vei'y good. One of our chief 
assets is an administration which serves the faculty and 
asks the faculty to take a vital part in all academic deci- 

One of our most serious handicaps is the fact that 
many young teachers will not even consider teaching in the 
South. A recent study of 645 Ph.D. candidates showed that 
more than one half of these men would not accept Southern 

A closely related question would be, "To what extent 
is Millsaps providing college teachers?" 

"The Education of Historians in the United States" 
presents a list of the colleges and universities which, in the 
period from 1936-1956, provided the baccalaui'eate degrees 
of men receiving the Ph.D. degree in history. Of the more 


than one thousand accredited institutions of higher learn- 
ing in the United States, Millsaps made the list of the top 
138 colleges. The really surprising fact, however, is that 
only four colleges on the list having a better record were 
smaller than Millsaps in enrollment. 

Another study on doctoral production in United States 
universities shows that in a twenty-one-year period Millsaps 
awarded bachelor's degrees to fifty-two students who se- 
cured doctoral degrees. 

Along the same lines, another report asks where the 
faculty members of 284 selected colleges secured bachelor's 
degrees. There were 3,775 teachers involved. Only twelve 
schools with enrollments smaller than Millsaps' had award- 
ed more bachelor's degrees to the faculty members of the 
284 institutions. 

In summary, these studies indicate that Millsaps, when 
compared in size to all the other institutions in the nation, 
is close to the top in providing men for important roles 
in American education. 

Will they graduate? 

John Christmas — The authors seem to have done an ex- 
cellent job of generalizing the attrition problems of colleges 
and universities. Millsaps College is certainly faced with 
many of these problems. Academic failure is one of the 
primary causes for students' leaving school. The fact that 
lack of academic success is not necessarily due to lack of 
ability or potential seems particularly significant for Mill- 
saps, since ours is a selected student body. Lack of moti- 
vation is one of the more frequent causes of drop-outs 
among our students. The important role that parents play in 
encouraging their children to be students and to select 
colleges which have programs consistent with their abilities 
and interests can not be overemphasized. The emphasis 
placed on study habits, disciplined academic effort and the 
guidance service at the secondary level should help. Millsaps 
is placing great emphasis on these same things in order to 
assist students when they arrive. We have more informa- 
tion on prospective students before acceptance and are thus 
able to select our student body with greater ability. Coun- 
seling which will lead to the possible solution of adjustmen- 
tal problems is available. 

The authors did not mention several other things which 
cause the pyramidal design of our student population. Many 
of our students plan a three-year liberal arts program lead- 
ing them into professional training. Students transfer to 
other colleges so that they may have the experience of be- 
ing in more than one school, because they decide to be clos- 
er or further from home, or because a best friend has en- 
rolled in another school. The problems here are similar to 
those described in this • generalization. Financial problems 
could become less and less a reason for not entering col- 
lege, while marriage could be an ever-increasing cause of 

What will college have done for them? 

James J. Livesay — The "tomorrow" described in the ar- 
ticle on graduates parallels the "today" at Millsaps in the 
areas of postgraduate schooling and, to a lesser degree, the 
introduction of graduate-level work in the undergraduate 
curriculum. For example, we now send half of each year's 
senior class to gi'aduate schools — seventy per cent of our 
men. Readers of Major Notes are familiar with the Nation- 
al Science Foundation project, the honors program, and 
English research project. They call for graduate-level per- 
formance on the part of students. 

In spite of the growing demand for specialization, 
Millsaps, if it remains true to its present philosophy of ed- 

J. W. Wood 

James J. Livesay 

ucation, will become even more committed to the liberal 
arts. Its students will continue to receive an educational 
preparation which will, hopefully, make them "more civil- 
izing as well as civilized" and will enable them to adjust 
to a rapidly changing world — indeed, to furnish leadership 
in the midst of confusion. 

Because of the liberal arts tradition at Millsaps and the 
emphasis on the education of the whole man, it seems to 
me reasonable to expect that the College will be interested 
in the intellectual wholeness of its graduates and that they, 
in turn, will look to the College for help in keeping lit- 
erate in an increasingly complex world. 

Just as the responsibility of an alumnus to his college 
does not end with graduation, so the concern of the college 
for its closest constituents should not end. Indeed, the well- 
being and strength of the college depends, in part, on the 
continuing understanding and appreciation on the part of 
alumni of what it means to be educated and enlightened. 

Who will pay — and how? 

J. W. Wood — The colleges which can secure the "best" 
teachers by attractive salaries, teaching conditions, academ- 
ic environment, and research privileges will continue to 
thrive in the college world. They will contribute more and 
more in quality education. Those private colleges over the 
nation which cannot meet the competitive problems before 
them in the next decade will change their status or simply 

A tremendous amount of planning by colleges will be 
needed to meet the challenge of the next ten years: planning 
on the basic purposes for which a college exists, the num- 
ber of students a college can serve, the way to provide qual- 
ified faculty, the means of providing adequate physical fa- 

Millsaps College is in the third year of this planning. 
We have arrived at a proposed maximum enrollment of 1200 
by 1970; we have tentatively scheduled additional library, 
classroom, and dormitory facilities for this enrollment. 
Studies are continuing on these projections and on academic 

Currently a campaign for funds for faculty salary en- 
dowment is under way. This campaign is one phase of the 
long-range planning. Millsaps College plans to bring fac- 
ulty salaries to a point which will enable the school to com- 
pete with the better colleges over the nation for the avail- 
able teachers. 

Students at Millsaps currently pay a higher proportion 
of the tuition costs than students at other Missiissippi insti- 
tutions. Even so, as the EPFE article points out, they do not 
begin to pay the cost of providing a college education. The 
Methodist Church and the alumni are contributing more than 
they ever have. Millsaps receives some gi-ants from indus- 
try and foundations, but not enough. The College plans to 
lease a portion of its grounds to bring in additional income. 



from town and gown 

Teachers Named 

Three new teachers have been added 
to the faculty for the 1962-63 session 
to date. 

Dr. Roy A. Berry, Jr., will serve as 
assistant professor of chemistry; Wil- 
liam R. Hendee has been appointed as- 
sistant professor of physics; and Wil- 
liam D. Dupes has accepted the position 
of head football coach and assistant pro- 
fessor of physical education. 

Dr. Berry, a graduate of Mississippi 
College, received his Ph. D. degree from 
the University of North Carolina. He 
was a teaching assistant at the univer- 
sity from 1956 to 1959 and was named 
R. J. Reynolds Research Fellow in 1959- 
60. He is currently a post-doctoral fel- 
low on a National Science Foundation 
grant at the University of Florida. 

Hendee, a 1959 graduate of Millsaps, 
expects to receive his Ph. D. degree at 
the University of Texas this year. He 
attended Vanderbilt University under an 
Atomic Energy Commission Fellowship 
in 1959-60 and is currently studying at 
the University of Texas under a Gil- 
bert X-Ray Special Fellowship in ra- 
diological and radiation physics. 

He is currently engaged in several 
research programs on cancer, including 
astjidjf_j)f_the effects_Qf__Xrirradiation 
on human cancer cells and an attempt 
to increase the sensitivity of the cells 
by introducing abnormal chemical con- 
stituents into the deoxyribo nucleic ac- 
id, which carries the genetic cooling 
mechanism of the cells. He is also 
studying, by use of the electron micro- 
scope, the morphology of irradiated and 
un-irradiated human cancer cells and 
the morphology of cells with chemically 
modified DNA. In another program he 
is studying, by use of the microspectro 
photometer, the processes of DNA rep- 
lication and cell division in human can- 
cer cells. 

Dupes replaces Flavious Smith, who 
has accepted a position as chairman of 
the department of physical education 
at Tennessee Tech. 

Dupes has had nine years of coaching 
experience, including eight years at 
Tennessee Polytechnic Institute and one 
year with an armed services team. The 
staffs with which he has served have 

compiled a record of 64 wins, 23 losses, 
two ties, six championships, and two 
Bowl invitations. He played four years 
on the varsity team in high school, one 
year at Tennessee Military Institute, 
and three years at Tennessee Tech. He 
has performed at fullback, guard, cen- 
ter, and linebacker and is familiar with 
the single wing and varieties of the T 

A graduate of Tennessee Tech, where 
he received the Bachelor of Science de- 
gree. Dupes holds the Master of Arts 
degree from Peabody College. 

Millsaps will continue its policy of 
nonsubsidization, according to Dr. Rich- 
ard R. Priddy, chairman of the faculty 
committee on athletics. "Although 
Dupes has played subsidized ball and 
has coached subsidized players he is 
aware of Millsaps' policy of nonsubsi- 
dization and understands the coaching 
problems in a small college," he noted. 

Players Prepare Tour 

- Passports, visas, a multitude of shots, 
rehearsals, and academic work are all 
that stand in the way of the Millsaps 
Players' forthcoming tour of the North- 
east Defense Command. 

True to Players form, however, they'll 
make it. They'll even manage to give 
four performances for the benefit of 
alumni and friends before departure on 
May 13. 

One of the local presentations will be 
a highlight of Alumni Day on May 5. 

The company of fifteen, directed, of 
course, by Lance Goss, will tour with 
"Babes In Arms," a Rodgers-Hart musi- 
cal which had outstanding success in a 
Jackson Little Theatre production last 
year (directed, of course, by Lance 

Millsaps was the smallest of the nine 
colleges chosen to tour for the Depart- 
ment of Defense this year. The group 
will travel in Newfoundland, Iceland, 
Greenland, and Baffin Bay. The United 
Services Organization pays the travel 
and living expenses of the company. 

The Players are again serving as a 
valuable public relations medium for 

Singers Win Praise 

"The 55-voice Concert Choir of Mill- 
saps College — a pride of the Magnolia 
Capital — can easily lay claim to being 
Mississippi's finest," wrote Tommy Her- 
rington in the Jackson Clarion-Ledger 
following the Singers' recent appear- 
ance with the Jackson Symphony Or- 

"The superb choral ai'tistry of the 
Millsaps Concert Choir, ably conducted 
by C. Leland Byler, was easily the most 
thrilling musical moments offered Jack- 
sonians in at least a decade," he wrote. 

This is but one example of the plau- 
dits received by the Singers this year. 

The choir made an unprecedented sec- 
ond appearance with the Memphis Sym- 
phony Orchestra prior to its two con- 
certs with the Jackson Symphony. 

At press time they were about to 
leave on the annual spring tour, to be 
confined this year to Mississippi. 

Late in April they will travel to At- 
lanta to record for the Methodist Se- 
ries of the Protestant Radio Hour, which 
will be heard in 41 states and over the 
armed forces radio network. While 
there they will press a recording which 
will be available for purchase. 

College Loses Friend 

A man who gave unstintingly of his 
time and ability to Millsaps College for 
over a quarter of a century died on 
January 5. 

R. L. Ezelle, who served as president 
of the Board of Trustees for a number 
of years, had been in failing health for 
some time. He was eighty years old. 

In a tribute to him made by the Mis- 
sissippi Annual Conference in 1959 the 
following statement was made: "The 
most visible evidence of his versatile 
contributions is to be found in the vast 
improvements in buildings and grounds. 
He has personally supervised the con- 
struction of Buie Gymnasium, Whit- 
worth Hall, Sanders Hall, the Christian 
Center, the President's home, Millsaps- 
Wilson Library, the Union Building, and 
the beautiful driveways and lighting 
system on the campus." 

Ezelle Hall, newest dormitory for 
men, was named in his honor by unani- 


nious consent of the two Conferences. 

The tribute also said, "In a quarter 
of a century he has been actively and 
intensively concerned about the life of 
the college. He is a man who has given 
almost as much time to this church in- 
stitution as he has given to his own 

"As a trustee and as president of the 
Board, this distinguished churchman 
worked tirelessly for every phase of the 
life of the college. He has been primari- 
ly interested in a better salary schedule 
for the institution. He has worked for 
scholarship assistance for needy, wor- 
thy students. He has been concerned 
about the standing of the college with 
other educational institutions." 

Some $1300 has been contributed in 
his memory to such programs as the 
Memorial Book Fund and the Alumni 

Seniors Win Awards 

Eleven seniors have received awards 
for graduate study for 1962-63. 

Four have been awarded Woodrow 
Wilson grants, three have received Na- 
tional Defense Education Act awards, 
two were granted Atomic Energy Com- 
mission fellowships, one has received 
a research assistantship from Columbia 
University and another has won a Uni- 
versity of Mississippi Medical School 
I'esearch fellowship. 

Millsaps had more Woodrow Wilson 
winners than any other school in the 

state. In addition to the four recipients, 
two were named on the Honorable Men- 
tion list. 

Woodrow Wilson recipients were 
Mary Frances Angle, of Laurel, a 
French major; Gail Garrison, of Bates- 
ville, a French major; .Jimmy Leverett, 
of Monroe, Louisiana, a German major; 
and Moody Sinims, of Jackson, a his- 
tory major. On the Honorable Mention 
list were Bob Brown and William San- 
ders, of Meridian, both history majors. 

National Defense Education Act 
awards went to Judy Brook, of Amory, 
a biology major; Robert N. Leggett, 
Jr., of Vicksburg, a mathematics ma- 
jor; and Anne Regan, of Winter Park, 
Florida, a biology major. Leggett will 
study at the University of North Caro- 
lina, and Misses Brook and Regan will 
attend Florida State University. 

AEC fellowship winners were Austin 
Davis, of Jackson, and Tommy Mullins, 
of Prairie Point. Both will attend Van- 
derbilt University next year and work 
at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory 
the following summer. 

Columbia awarded a $2,500 research 
assistantship to Willard S. Moore, who 
will work in the field of shallow water 
marine sediments. 

Ann Traughber Lucas received a two- 
year research fellowship which pays 
$2400 per year plus tuition and fees. 
She will work in the department of bio- 

Other awards recipients are expected 
to be announced in the near future. 

Geologists Publish 

Woodrow Wilson scholarship.'^ this year went to the two coeds and the two men 
on the right. William Sanders, standing, and Bob Brown, left, were named to the 
Honorable Mention list. Winners were, from the left, Mary Frances Angle, Gail 
Garrison, Jim Leverett (kneeling), and Moody Simms. 

Millsaps College geologists have pub- 
lished a study of "heavy" minerals 
which may have significant implications 
in the Space Age. 

Entitled "Heavy Minerals of Sand 
from Recent Beaches of the Gulf Coast 
of Mississippi and Associated Islands," 
the work will have significance in, 
among other things, the manufacture of 
nose-cones for missiles. 

The publication was released by the 
Mississippi Geological Survey in early 
March. Tracy W. Lusk is director of 
the Survey. 

The heavy minerals in the study are 
commonly called "heavies" because their 
specific gravity is higher than ordinary 
quartz sand. Grains of the "heavies" 
range in size from silt to fine sand, us- 
ually smaller than the quartz sands 
which contain them. Most are conspic- 
uous on the beaches because of their 
color — amber, brown, black or green in 
contrast with the clear, or white, quartz 
grains. The "heavies" are easily recog- 
nized as dark sti-eaks or beds on some 

The "heavy minerals" could ease the 
present Space Age demands through a 
variety of uses. Rutile and ilmenite are 
sources of titanium, which could be 
used to strengthen steel in plane and 
missile construction. Zirconium can be 
used in high temperature electrical ap- 
paratus, and kyanite can be used for 
the special enameling of missile cones. 

The 92-page bulletin is primarily the 
work of Richard D. Foxworth, a 1956 
Millsaps graduate. He submitted a study 
on the subject as a thesis in geology 
at the University of Missouri. The 
study of the "heavies" was suggested 
by Dr. Richard R. Priddy, chairman of 
the Millsaps geology department, when 
Foxworth was his student in physical 
oceanography at the Gulf Coast Re- 
search Laboratory in Ocean Springs, 

Hit ilpmonam 

This column is dedicated to the mem- 
ory of graduates, former students, and 
friends who have passed away in recent 
months. Every effort has been made to 
compile an accurate list, but there will 
be unintentional omissions. Your help 
is solicited in order that we may make 
the column as complete as possible. 
Those whose memory we honor are as 
follows : 

Robert L. Ezelle, Sr., for eight years 
chairman of the Board of Trustees and 
a long-time friend of the College, who 
died January 5. 


Mrs. W. B. Harris (Sally Dubard. 
Grenada '05), who died December 31. 
She was a resident of Millington, Ten- 

Evelyn McGahey, '40, who died Jan- 
uary 29 after a brief illness. She lived 
in Jackson. 

Mrs. H. G. Mackey, Whitworth, who 
died December 29. She lived in Rogers, 

Arthur Leon Rogers, '07, who died 
February 28. He was a resident of New 
Albany, Mississippi. 

Judge Jack Cooke Shivers, '97-'98, who 
died February 14. He lived in Poplar- 
ville, Mississippi. 

Mrs. Hugh Smith (Alice Briscoe, '20- 
'21), who died December 23. She was 
a resident of Jackson. 

James Bennett Taylor, '11, who died 
February 1. He lived in Shreveport, 

James Albert Vaughn, '01, who died 
in January. 

Darrel S. English, instructor of biolo- 
gy, has been awarded a grant to partic- 
ipate in the Summer Institute Program 
of the National Science Foundation. He 
is one of twenty college and university 
teachers who will receive a grant to 
attend the Radiation Biology Institute 
of Purdue University's Bionucleonic De- 
partment. Dui'ing the six weeks of 
study, beginning July 2 and ending Au- 
gust 10, English will be taking courses 
in the basic fundamentals of radioac- 
tive isotopes and radiation, their appli- 
cations and safe use in biological work. 
The work gives graduate credit toward 
an advanced degree. 

Dr. R. E. Bergmark, associate pro- 
fessor of philosophy, and his family 
are taking a six-month camping tour 
of Europe this semester. Making good 
use of their Volkswagen camper, they 
are visiting points of interest in Eng- 
land, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, 
Greece, Austria, Switzerland, Germany, 
Scandanavia, Holland, and Belgium. 
They planned to "see as much as we 
can see, visit many cathedrals and mu- 
seums, talk with many people of many 
different backgrounds, visit universi- 
ties and talk with philosophers and theo- 
logians, seek out libraries for reading 
and studying, and attend concerts and 
services of divine worship." 

The February 7 issue of The Christian 
Century, a leading religious publication, 
carries an article by Frederick L. Whit- 
am, chairman of the sociology depart- 
ment. The article, entitled "New York's 
Spanish Protestants," is based on a 
140-page study by Mr. Whitam which 
was published by the Protestant Coun- 
cil of the city of New York. Serving as 
project director for the Council's De- 
partment of Church Planning and Re- 
search in 1959-60, he made a study 
of the religious expression of Puerto 
Ricans in New York. 

Former faculty member Miller Wil- 
liams has been named Robert Frost 
Fellow at Breadloaf Writers Conference 
at Middlebury, Vermont. Mr. Williams, 
who taught in the biology department 
when he was here sevei'al years ago, 
will publish a novel in the fall. He had 
had several poems published before com- 
ing to Millsaps and conducted a class 
in poetry writing and appreciation. 

Miss Margaret Harris, a former Gre- 
nada faculty member, is serving as prin- 
cipal of the Little Red Schoolhouse in 
Greenwich Village. A private school, the 
Little Red Schoolhouse recently held its 
25th annual art show to benefit the stu- 
dent tuition assistance fund. Many of 
the parents of children attending the 
school are painters living in the neigh- 
borhood. The school was begun as a 
public school, but the Depression re- 
sulted in its being converted to a pri- 
vate institution. 

Friends of Dr. J. B. Price, chairman 
of the chemistry department, will re- 
gret to learn of his illness. Out of school 
for several days, he's now back at work 
in Sullivan-Harrell. 

^UTU'^i AtOfA^M' 

(Children listed in this column must 
be under one year of age. Please report 
births promptly to assure publication.) 

Camille Parks Barkley, born January 
23 to Mr. and Mrs. James B. Barkley 
(Julia Parks, '56), of New Albany, Mis- 
sissippi. Other Barkleys include Lynn, 
41/2, and Donna, 3. 

Elizabeth Pates Boone, born February 
6 to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas H. Boone 
(Edna Khayat), '56 and '54, of Jack- 

son. Kathleen, 3, welcomed the new- 

Karen Diane Buckley, born November 
15 to Mr. and Mrs. Reginald R. Buck- 
ley, of Columbia, South Carolina. Mr. 
Buckley graduated in 1961. Karen was 
welcomed by her one-year-old sister, 

Anne Bullen, born in January to Mr. 
and Mrs. Robert W. Bullen. Mr. Bullen 
graduated in 1947. Andrew completes 
the famil.v. 

Stacy Lynn Burton, born to Mr. and 
Mrs. W. S. Burton (Gweneth Todd), 
both '56-'57, of Laurel, Mississippi, on 
September 9. Stevie, 2, welcomed the 

William Charles Campbell, born to 
the Reverend and Mrs. Jeff Campbell 
(Shelia Trapp, '49-'52), of Durham, 
North Carolina, on November 25. He 
was welcomed by Gary, 7, and Susan, 

Laura Klingman Chapman, born Jan- 
uary 24 to Mr. and Mrs. Bill Chapman 
(Betty Gail Trapp), '43-'44 and '58, of 
Houston, Texas. 

Paul Daniel Felsher, born May 20 to 
Mr. and Mrs. Albert W. Felsher (Rose- 
mary Parent), '56 and '55-'56, of Annan- 
dale, Virginia. Mark David, 2, greeted 
his new brother. 

Theresa Franks, born March 12 to 
Mr. and Mrs. David Franks (Audrey 
Jennings), '57 and '54, of New Orleans. 
Others in the family are Danny, 2%, 
and Julie, 16 months. 

Jeffrey Hilton Hardin, born May 17 
to Mr. and Mrs. Bill Hardin ( Blythe 
Jeffrey), both '58, of Houston, Texas. 

Ann Elizabeth Inkster, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. James Inkster (Lucy Price), 
'56-'57, of Dallas, on February 23. She 
was welcomed by Don, 18 months. 

John Huggins Reynolds, born Janu- 
ary 17 to Mr. and Mrs. Julius Reynolds 
(Joanne Huggins), both '53, of Jack- 
son. Julie, 5, welcomed him. 

Ray Hunter Ridgway, II, born Octo- 
ber 31 to Mr. and Mrs. Ray Ridgway 
(Selma Earnest), '61 and '60, of Jack- 

Robert Brent Spenee, born to Mr. and 
Mrs. James Donald Spenee (Bobbie Jean 
Ivy, '60), of Natchez, on March 21. 

Russell Mark Stovall, born June 7 to 
Dr. and Mrs. Russell Stovall (Mary 
Charles Price), '58 and '59, of Spartan- 
burg, South Carolina. Mark's great 
grandfather (Luther Emmett Price, 
'06), grandfather (Dr. J. B. Price, 
'26), and parents graduated from Mill- 

Howard Grantham White, born July 
29 to Mr. and Mrs. Shelley L. White 
(Mary Grantham), '55 and '54, of Jack- 
son. Woody, 4%, completes the family. 




A standing ovation was griven Gar- 
ner W. Green, Sr., '98, when he deliver- 
ed the Founder's Day address on the 
campus recently. He discussed the men 
who were influential in the founding 
of the College and the qualities which 
marked them as outstanding. 

Howard B. McGehee, '13-'17, has been 
elected to a vice-presidency of Missis- 
sippi Power & Light Company by the 
Board of Directors. Mr. McGehee has 
compiled 43 years of service with the 
company since beginning his employ- 
ment as a nieterman. He is married to 
the former Fannie Virden, '18, and has 
one daughter. 


When he assumed duties as assistant 
to the chancellor and director of devel- 
opment at the University of Mississip- 
pi in 1954 Hugh H. Clegg, '20, had be- 
hind him a distinguished career with 
the FBI. Among other things, he or- 
ganized and was in charge of the Se- 
curity Division and the Training and 
Inspection Division of the organization. 
He has also taught and was in charge 
of the American history section of the 
Library of Congress. 

The Jackson chapter of the National 
Secretaries Association has named Russ 
M. Johnson Boss of the Year. Mr. John- 
son, husband of the former Rosalind 
Gwin Button, '28, is chairman of the 
executive committee of Deposit Guar- 
anty Bank and Trust Company. Other 
Millsaps alumni who have received the 
award include Frank T. Scott, '13, and 
Rowland B. Kennedy, '49. 


William H. Bizzell, '39, of Cleveland, 
Mississippi, has announced his candi- 
dacy for the Democratic nomination to 
the office of chancery judge in his dis- 
trict. He has been engaged in the prac- 
tice of law for fifteen years. He is ac- 
tive in a number of religious and civic 

Paul R. Sheffield, '39, was recently 
promoted to colonel in the Army Corps 
of Engineers. The Sheffields (Carolyn 
Buck, '36-'39) are now stationed at Fort 
Brooke in Puerto Rico, where they are 
participants in civic and religious cir- 


Dr. David Donald, '41, recently gave 
a lecture in the White House to an au- 
dience which included President and 
Mrs. Kennedy, Mrs. Robert McNamara, 
and Donald M. Wilson, deputy director 
of the U. S. Information Agency. A 
newspaper report said that the Presi- 
dent took an active part in the hour- 
long discussion period which followed 
Professor Donald's lecture. The talk 
centered around the question of wheth- 
er Lincoln's reputation would have been 
tarnished had he lived through the Re- 
construction period. Reports are that 
Dr. Donald wll teach at Johns Hopkins 
next year. 

Shaw Enochs, '40-'41, has accepted a 
position as assistant manager and em- 
ployment consultant with Brown Em- 
ployment Service, Inc., of Jackson. Mr. 
Enochs directs the choir at Broadmead- 
ow Methodist Church and serves as 
president of the Jackson Central Lions 
Club. He is married and has three 

The Reverend Duncan A. Reily, '44, 
currently in the States on short-term 
furlough, has served as Methodist mis- 
sionary in Brazil since 1948. Since 1955 
he has served as general secretary of 
missions and evangelism for the Bra- 
zilian Methodist Church. He also teach- 
es at the Methodist Seminary in Sao 
Paola at the Methodist Institute. Mr. 
Reily is married to the former Phyllis 
Gifford and has five children. 

Sam S. Barefield, '46, is co-editor of a 
book entitled Worship Sourcebook for 
Youth which includes ideas for plan- 
ning creative and inspiring services for 
and by young people. Mr. Barefield is 
associate director of the audio-visual 

resources, television, radio, and film 
commission of the Methodist Church. 
Mrs. Barefield is the former Mary Nell 
Sells. '46. 

Robert W. Bullen, '47, director of 
Piedmont Regional Library in Georgia, 
has accepted a position as director of 
the Marietta-Cobb County (Georgia) 
Public Library. The birth of a new 
daughter is the other big news in his 

Following a recent transfer, the Ver- 
non Smiths (Bonnie Lee Harmer, '47) 
are living in Oak Park, Illinois, in a 
forty-year-old house which they are re- 
modeling to their convenience. They 
moved theie last June from New Or- 
leans. The family now includes Connie, 
8, Cheryl, 6, Charlie, 5, and Craig, 4. 
Oak Park is called the largest (63,500 
population) village in the world. 

Announcement of his candidacy for 
re-election as judge of the Hinds County 
Court and Youth Court has been made 
by Carl E. Guernsey, '48. He was se- 
lected by the National Council of Ju- 
venile Court Judges to be one of 27 
judges throughout the nation to partic- 
ipate in an institute planning future 
regional and state juvenile court judges 
training programs. Married to the for- 
mer Sue Dunning, '47-'48, '52-'53, he 
has four children. 


E. Lawrence Gibson, '47-'49, sales rep- 
resentative for Sabena Airlines, has ar- 
ranged a unique tour for his church, 
Ridgewood Park Methodist Church of 
Dallas, this summer, and has been re- 
cruiting others interested to join the 
travelers. The itinerary will provide a 
24-day program of Old World sightsee- 
ing and intimate contact with the mod- 
ern European church. Among the travel- 
ers will be Mr. and Mrs. Jimmy Jones. 
Mr. Jones is a '56 graduate. 

The following item is longer than 
we usually allow for Major Miscellany, 
but since it was written by Dr. Richard 
R. Priddy in his inimitable style it was 
decided that an exception would be 

Dale C. Overmyer, geology 1952, and 
Chuck Hall, geology 1951, have been 
promoted to guide the geology depart- 
ment of Mene Grande, Gulf Oil Cor- 
poration subsidiary in east Venezuela. 

George Waverly Briggs Hall, "Chuck" 
to Millsaps campus, was an English 
major from Drew. As a junior he took 
baby geology to satisfy his science re- 
quirement. Interested, he stayed a fifth 
year to complete a geology major. Then 
Hall entered graduate school at South- 


ern Methodist. Before completing his 
Master's Chuck spent a year in Guate- 
mala evaluating the recoverable gold 
in the wastes of ancient Spanish mines. 
Completing his Master's Hall signed for 
foreign service with Gulf Oil Corpora- 
tion, choosing South America. In 1956 
Chuck married Miss Martha Helon Rand 
of Yazoo City. They have two girls and 
a boy. 

"Little Dale" Overmyer is 6' 4" tall 
and weighs some 230 pounds. He en- 
rolled at Millsaps to major in geology. 
He also obtained his Master's at South- 
ern Methodist and after some months 
with Union Producing Company in Mid- 
land. Texas, Overmyer joined Chuck in 
"sitting on wells" in the newly opened 
plateaus of east Venezuela. 

Nearly coincident with Dale's latest 
promotion is the birth of his first child, 
Cecilia. Mrs. Overmyer is the former 
Lenora Ellen Williams, who had been 
in government service in Europe, the 
Near East, and South America. 

Captain Robert L. McKinley, Jr., '54, 

recently completed the officer orienta- 
tion course in combat medical practices 
at Brooke Army Medical Center in Fort 
Sam Houston, Texas. Brooke, the Ar- 
my's largest medical installation, car- 
ries out all aspects of professional and 
technical instruction, as well as patient 
care and selected projects of medical 

Valparaiso University in Indiana has 
named Max H. McDaniel, '57, to the po- 
sition of psychology instructor. Cur- 
rently studying toward his Ph.D. degree 
at Purdue, Mr. McDaniel received his 
Master's degree from the University of 
Mississippi. Mrs. McDaniel is the for- 
mer Sandra Miller, '57. 

Philip Sanberg, husband of Helen 
Walker Reilly, '57, is working toward 
the Ph.D. degree in geology and ocean- 
ography at Royal University in Stock- 
holm, Sweden. He has been awarded the 
College Career Fellowship of the South- 
ern Fellowship Fund. Mrs. Reilly re- 
cently received the Master of Arts de- 
gree in zoology from Louisiana State 

John H. Stone, III, '58, will receive 
the MD degree in June from Washing- 
ton University School of Medicine in 
St. Louis, Missouri. He will serve his 
internship year at Strong Memorial 
Hospital in Rochester, New York. 

John Eddleman, '59, is working as a 
physical science technician in the heat 
and power plant at the Marine Corps 
Recruit Depot at Parris Island, South 

A position with the Urban Renewal 
Administration has taken A. Y. Brown, 
'60, to Atlanta, where he serves as a 
field representative. He recently com- 
pleted six months' active duty in the 

A full-page color picture layout in a 
recent issue of the Nashville Tennessee- 
an featured Mr. and Mrs. Wilson Yates 
(Gayle Graham, '61), who are making 
their home in an art gallery while study- 
ing at Vanderbilt. The story concerned 
their redecoration of the three-room 
apartment just off the rental sales gal- 
lery. The Yateses serve as "gallery sit- 
ters" for the Nashville Artist Gallery, 
located in an old home built in 1912. 

A Raleigh, North Carolina, Times fea- 
ture put a 1961 graduate in the news. 

The story concerned the preparations of 
the fourth grade class of Mrs. Don D. 
Lewis (Ruth Tomlinson, '61) for the 
Christmas season. Mrs. Lewis encour- 
aged the children to bring their Christ- 
mas treasures to school and to assem- 
ble the decorations as a unit. Mr. Lewis 
is a 1960 graduate. 

Clifton Ware, '59, was one of many alumni enjoying the 
Hospitality Room at the Heidelberg during MEA. He's 
shown talking with Dr. R. E. Moore and Mrs. Myrtis Mead- 
ers, of the education department. 

Sheila Coulter to William Lee Smith, 
'59. Living in New York City. 

Shirley Faye Dean, current student, 
to George Vincent McCIung, '58-'61. 

Louise Edmonson to William Roland 
Hall, Jr., '59-'60. Mrs. Hall is attending 
Mississippi College while Mr. Hall is 
stationed in Virginia with the Navy. 

Joan Martin Edwards to Jimmy Dale 
Wakham, '60-'61. Living in Jackson. 

Donna Evans, '59-'61, to Samuel John 
Nicholas, Jr. Living at University, Mis- 

Lynda Walcott Graham to Dr. Levi 
Benjamin MoCarty, Jr., '51-'54. Living 
in Memphis. 

Janan Hart to Lester Clark, Jr., '60. 
Living in New York City. 

Frances Ann Haynes to William Du- 
rand Tomlin, '56-'59. Living in Jackson. 

Ann Ammons Howard, '48, to Clyde 
Willard Bryant, Jr. Living in New Or- 

Betty Jean Johnston to James M. 
McQueen, '59. Living in Jackson. 

Margaret Sharon Latham to the Rev- 
erend Robert Y. Butts, '55. Living in 
Grenada, Mississippi. 

Kaye McCarley, '60-'61, to Marvin 

Carol Elaine Robertson, current stu- 
dent, to James Lane Humphrie.s, '61, 
Living in Jackson. 

Laura Poyner Sorrels, '59-'60, to Rob- 
ert Lonnie Fleming, Jr. 

Betty Frances Thompson to Dr. Rob- 
ert E. Blount, Jr., '53. Living in Roches- 
ter, New York. 

Clarice Ellis Townes to John Hampton 
Miller, '59. Living in Jackson. 

Rheta Ann Wallace, '61, to John 
Wayne West. Living in New Albany, 

Bettye Yarborough, '59-'61, to John 
C. Sullivan, '60. Living at University, 


Mr. & Mrs. Ja:ne3 J. Llvesay 
1033 GafJsn Park Drive 
Jackson 4, IilissLssippi 


They spoke, I think, of perils past. ''• 
They spoke, I think, of peace at last. 
One thing I remetnher: 
Spring came on forevsr. 
Spring came on forever, 
Said the Chinese nightingale 

The Chinese Nightingale 
Vachel Lindsay 

Millsaps College Alumni News 

Summer, 1962 

From the President 

At the June meeting of the Board 
of Trustees, I reviewed the developments 
at the College over a ten-year period. 
Some significant gains can be identified 
in the academic life of the College, the 
strength of faculty and students, the 
physical plant and campus improvement, 
financial stability, and standing in the 
educational world. These advances will 
be detailed in printed form later in the 
year and made available for careful 
study by alumni and other friends. 

Possibly the most notable aspect of 
this decade is the growing interest in 
and concern for the College by an in- 
creasing number of people. Right at 
the heart of this movement are the 
alumni of the College working effec- 
tively and consistently to communicate 
the value of an institution such as their 
Alma Mater. 

The initial success of the Ten-Year 
Development Program can be attributed 
to the active loyalty of many people. 
An announcement was made a few 
weeks ago to the effect that the Col- 
lege may realize a minimum of two mil- 
lion dollars in our first effort. One 
alumnus reacted by saying, "I hope 
we get ten million!" 

The College could wisely use that 
substantial sum. Other institutions with 
programs no stronger than ours have 
such resources. They are within reach 
of Millsaps College. 

All of us are gratified over what 
progress we have together been able 
to make. We are encouraged by the 
early response to a Development Pro- 
gram. We are realistic enough to know, 
however, that v/e are not yet in a posi- 
tion to relax our efforts or to become 
complacent. Our activities in the com- 
ing years will need to be equally in- 

One of the major concerns of the 
earliest settlers in the country was the 
cause of higher education. The church 
was the agent initially, not the state. 
Higher education is once again an acute 
issue in our nation. Will all or most 
of it be done by the state? Or will a 
reasonable portion of it be directed by 
institutions independent of state control ? 
This continues to be the question all of 
us must answer. 




College, Whitworth College, 
Millsaps College 

MEMBER: American Alumni Council, 
American College Public Relations 


7 First Honors Program 

8 Grants — A Necessity 

10 Success in Graduate School 

11 Music and Religion 
16 Events of Note 

18 Major Miscellany 

22 Do You Remember? 

23 One Man's Opinion 


A high moment for the College came at Commencement on 
June 3 when Bishop Marvin Franklin announced that the 
Benjamin Ernest Mitchell Chair of Mathematics had been 
established. Dr. Mitchell, left, is Professor Emeritus of 
Mathematics and Bishop Franklin is Chairman of the Board 
of Trustees. 


Editor Shirley Caldwell, '56 

Associate Editor James J. Livesay, '41 

Illustrations on Pages 12 and 15 by Jimmy Lee Miller, '64 

Volume 3 

JULY, 1962 

Number 4 

Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson, Mississippi. 
Entered as second class matter on October 15, 1959, at the 
Post Office in Jackson, Mississippi, under the Act of August 
24, 1912. 

Page Two 




EDITORS NOTE: Mr. Campbell, a 1910 
graduate of Mitlsaps, is a member of the 
Commission ov Goals for Hiyher Edu- 
cation i)i the South. This editorial was 
written for the Southern Regional Edu- 
cation Board which set up the Com- 
mission. After more than 30 years' serv- 
ice to the College as treasurer he re- 
tired on July 1. 


here never was a time in our history when education 
and business were not inseparably linked. They are the 
twin pillars of a free society. 

The dynamism of the American economic system flows 
from the fact that it is free and competitive. We are free 
to enter the business of our choice — to survive or to fail. 
A majority of those who start do fail. Those who survive are 
those who find a better way, and who by following it not 
only enhance our economy but contribute to our national 

With the vast accumulation of new knowledge, the mo- 
mentum of the competitive pace has greatly accelerated. 
To maintain it, new skills, new products, new techniques, and 
new generations of technicians are required. 

This is where education comes in. It is the force that 
propels the vehicle of competitive enterprise. Education 
staffs the research laboratories, mans the machines, cre- 
ates the desire for new and better products, and organizes 
and coordinates the vast and intricate processes of produc- 
tion and distribution. 

Now the system is being challenged; not only individ- 
uals, firms and segments, but the entire economy is being 
threatened with entombment. To take this threat lightly 
would be a tragic error. To take it seriously, as we must, 
calls for the most powerful, the most sustained peacetime 
effort to which our systems of enterprise and education have 
ever been subjected. 

How is the challenge to be met? There is only one way. 
The way is to do what we have been doing for more than 
one hundred fifty years, but we must do it better, both as 
to quantity and quality. We must have more and better busi- 
ness. We must have more and better education. Without the 
latter, we cannot achieve the former. 

There is nothing wrong with American education ex- 
cept that we need more of it. This need will not be met by 
educators alone, nor by students, nor parents, nor lawmak- 
ers, nor the Supreme Court, nor taxpayers, nor philanthro- 
pists, but by all Americans who want to preserve the 
structure of freedom which we have built on this continent. 

We must never forget, however, that in this atom-trig- 
gered world, it cannot be preserved if our only defense is 
the matching of scientific achievement and material strength 
against those who would destroy us. 

The ideological conflicts which engulf this troubled 
planet will not be composed in science laboratories; nor will 
the physical conflicts be resolved in the realm of meta- 

As we gird ourselves for years of international competi- 
tive effort, we must make sure that there is a proper bal- 
ance between the physical and the social sciences. Pre- 
occupation with the dramatic possibilities of electronics and 
automation should never obscure the fact that the most 
important factor in industry is the human factor. 

Ours is a spiritual inheritance. It is a tradition which 
exalts the individual and extols his achievement. On the un- 
seen foundation of individual dignity, applied intelligence, 
freedom of choice, and religious liberty, the mighty power 
of this nation has been built. Let us not confuse the super- 
structure with the foundation. 

Page Three 

Hamilton, Mitchell, Coullet, King Welcome 

Singers Reunion 
Alumni Day Highlight 

Fred Ezelle, '37, of Jackson, was nam- 
ed president of the Millsaps College 
Alumni Association for 1962-63 in the 
ballot-by-mail election held prior to 
Alumni Day. 

Announcement of his election was 
made at the Alumni Day Banquet on 
May 5. Approximately one thousand 
alumni participated in the voting. 

Named to serve with him were the 
following vice-presidents: Dr. C. C. Ap- 
plewhite, '07, Jackson, a retired physi- 
cian; Dr. Eugene H. Countiss, '30, New 
Orleans physician and surgeon; and 
Julian Prince, '49, superintendent of the 
Corinth, Mississippi, public schools. Mrs. 
Francis Stevens (Ann Herbert), '42, 
Jackson, was named secretary. 

Announcement of the results of the 
election and introduction of the new 
officers was the climax of a day which 

had included a meeting of the Board 
of Directors of the Association, reun- 
ions of former members of glee clubs 
and Singers and alumnae of Grenada 
and Whitworth colleges, a faculty-led 
symposium on "The Tyranny of Words," 
a basketball demonstration, a film about 
the college made in the late thirties, and 
numbers by the current Singers as a 
highlight of the banquet. 

On hand to welcome back the singers 
were Dr. B. E. Mitchell, Dr. A. P. Ham- 
ilton, Dr. Alvin Jon King, and Mrs. 
Magnolia Coullet, all former directors 
of Millsaps choral groups, and Leland 
Byler, director of the Singers since 1959. 
Dr. Mitchell and Dr. Hamilton recalled 
incidents and occurrences of the years 
from 1914 to 1933, and James J. Live- 
say, '41, gave an anecdotal history of 
the King era, 1934-1956. Interspersed 
were numbers by Magnolia Coullet, '24, 

a chalk talk by Lem Seawright, '28, and 
choral numbers led by Pop King. 

Jlembers of the panel which discuss- 
ed the difficulties of communication 
were David Bowen, chairman of the po- 
litical science department, moderator; 
Dr. George Boyd, chairman of the Eng- 
lish department; R. Leon Camp, instruc- 
tor of speech; Dr. N. Bond Fleming, 
chairman of the philosophy department; 
and James T. Whitehead, instructor of 
English. The symposium was one of the 
most popular features of the day. 

The film which concluded the events 
was entitled "Millsaps Marches On." 
It brought back many memories for 
alumni from that era and recalled such 
outstanding men as Dr. J. Reese Lin, 
Dr. J. M. Sullivan, Dr. G. L. Harrell, Dr. 
H. M. Bullock, and Dr. W. E. Riecken. 

Some four hundred alumni returned 
to the campus for the day's activities. 

Page Four 

ABOVE: Alumni committees worked be- 
fore lunch. Pop King wears a lei 
sent in affection and gratitude by an 
alumnus in Hawaii. 

ABOVE: Continuing education was a 
highlight of the day. 

BELOW: There was joy in reunion when 
LEFT: Lem Seawright, '28, charmed alumni and teachers got together after 
everyone with his famous chalk talk. lunch. 

Page Five 

From the left, Robert Mayo, William M. 
Jones, Koy C. Clark, and Roy Black 
were honored. Mayo and Clark are alum- 

Honorary Degrees Awarded Four 

Honorary degrrees were awarded to 
four prominent Mississippians during 
commencement exercises on June 3, 
when 183 Millsaps College seniors as- 
sumed new roles. 

Recipients were Roy Black, Nettleton 
business leader; the Reverend Roy C. 
Clark, pastor of Capitol Street Meth- 
odist Church in Jackson; the Reverend 
William M. Jones, pastor of the First 
Methodist Church in Columbus; and Rob- 
ert M. Mayo, administrative assistant at 
Hinds Junior College. 

Black and Mayo received the Doctor 
of Laws degree. Clark and Jones were 
awarded Doctor of Divinity degrees. 

The degrees were given in recognition 
of service to community, state, and 

One of the outstanding business lead- 
ers of northeast Mississippi, Black owns 
and operates retail businesses in Tu- 
pelo, Nettleton, Fulton, Shannon, and 
Okolona; owns and administers a con- 
struction business; and has been ac- 
tive in the Mississippi Industrial Asso- 
ciation. He is a member of the boai'd of 
directors of a furniture manufacturing 
company and an insurance company. 

He is mayor of Nettleton, a past dis- 
trict governor of Lions International, 
and for two years was one of eight na- 
tional directors of Lions International. 
He is president of the Yocona Council 
of the Boy Scouts of America. 

A member of the Millsaps Associates, 
he serves on the Committee of 100 of 
Emory University and on the Board of 
Trustees of Wood Junior College and 
the Methodist Children's Home. He is 

a member of the official board of the 
Nettleton Methodist Church and is a 
conference lay leader. 

Recipient of the Alumnus of the Year 
Award in 1957, Mr. Clark served as 
president of the Association in 1958. He 
is vice-chairman and former chairman of 
the Mississippi Conference Commission 
on Christian Higher Education, a mem- 
ber of the Mississippi Conference Board 
of Education, and a lecturer in the de- 
partment of preventive medicine at the 
University of Mississippi Medical Cen- 

He is a member of the professional 
advisory committee and chairman of the 
Religion and Mental Health Group of 
the Mississippi Association for Mental 
Health. He is vice-president of the 
Family Service Association, Jackson 
district director of the Commission on 
Chi'istian Social Concerns, and a member 
of the Jackson Exchange Club. 

Clark has served as president of the 
Jackson Ministerial Association, on the 
advisory council of the Mississippi Chil- 
dren's Code Commission, chairman of the 
Jackson Appeals Review Board, and 
chairman of the policy committee of the 
Mississippi Church Council for Chris- 
tian Higher Education and the Family 
Service Association. 

Jones has served a number of churches 
in the North Mississippi Conference of 
the Methodist Church. He served as 
superintendent of the Tupelo District 
from 1955 to 1961. 

He is a member of the North Mis- 
sissippi Conference Board of Education, 
Board of Ministerial Ti'aining and Qual- 
ifications, and Inter-Board Council. He 

was a delegate to the Jurisdictional Con- 
ference in 1960. 

He is a trustee of the Methodist Hos- 
pital in Memphis and has been active 
in civic clubs, Boy Scout work, and the 
American Red Cross. 

A 1936 graduate of Millsaps, Mayo 
received the Master of Arts degree from 
Peabody College. He has served as 
teacher, principal, and superintendent of 
schools in Mississippi since 1937. He 
has served as a member of the Board 
of Directors of the Millsaps Alumni 
Association and was a vice-president of 
the Association in 1959-60. 

He has served on the board of directors 
of the American Red Cross, the Mental 
Health Association, and the Delta and 
Andrew Jackson councils of Boy Scouts 
of America. He is a member of the 
Jackson Library Board, third vice-presi- 
dent of the State Congress of Parents 
and Teachers, and a member of several 
civic and service clubs. 

He was a charter member of Wesley 
Methodist Church and first chairman 
of the official board. He is a member 
of the official board of the Raymond 
Methodist Church and has taught adult 
classes in all churches of which he has 
been a member. 

Mayo is a member of the Mississippi 
Education Association, the National Ed- 
ucation Association, the National Asso- 
ciation of School Administrators, and 
the Commission on Colleges and Uni- 
versities of the Southern Association 
of Schools and Colleges. 

He served with the Air Force during 
World War II and is a lieutenant colonel 
in the Reserves. 

Page Six 

The College's first Honors Program 
graduates were among the 183 seniors 
who were awarded diplomas on June 3. 
Another member of the class, Mary 
Carole Robison, of Utica, had the dis- 
tinction of maintaining a 3.0 overall av- 
erage, the only student to have straight 
A's since 1956 and one of only three or 
four in the school's history to do so. 

These were among the outstanding 
features of the College's seventieth 
graduation ceremonies. Others were the 
awarding of honorary degi-ees to four 
outstanding Mississippians and the es- 
tablishment of the Benjamin Ernest 
Mitchell Chair of Mathematics. Speak- 
ers were Dr. J. Wallace Hamilton, pas- 
tor of the Pasadena Community Church 
in St. Petersburg, Florida, and Dr. Hen- 
ry King Stanford, president of Birmin- 
ham-Southern College. 

Seven students completed the three- 
semester program of honors work. As 
with pioneers in any field, these stu- 
dents found their job even harder than 
will their successors. It is always easier 
to follow patterns established by some- 
one else. 

Honors graduates were Mary Frances 
Angle, of Laurel; John H. Drais, of New 
Orleans; Gail Garrison, of Batesville; 
Mary Carole Robison, of Utica; William 
R. Sanders, of Meridian; and Moody 
Simms, Jr., of Jackson. 

Significantly, three of the seven have 
won Woodrow Wilson scholarships for 
graduate study and another, William 
Sanders, was awarded honorable men- 
tion. Recipients are Mary Fran- 
ces Angle, Gail Garrison, and Moody 
Simms. Miss Angle was awarded a Ful- 
bright grant in addition to her Wood- 
row Wilson. Robert Leggett received 
a National Defense Act award, and Drais 
was given a scholarship to the Univer- 
sity of California. 

All except one are planning to enter 
graduate school, and all except two 
are planning to enter the field of col- 
lege teaching. One of the two who will 
not teach plans to do research in radio- 

The group includes two romance lan- 
guage majors, a chemistry major, a 
mathematics major, an economics major, 
and two history majors. 

Although most of the participants 
found some flaws in the new program, 
they felt that the troubles would be 
ironed out with time and experience, and 
none doubted the value of the pro- 
gram. "The research has increased my 
knowledge of my subject and related 
field. It has also given me valuable in- 
sight into research methods which will 
aid me in graduate school," said Moody 

First Honors Program 
Candidates Graduate 

Seven students meet requirements and 
find value, few flaws in curriculum addition 

Simms, whose paper was entitled "In- 
fluences of Thomas Jefferson on South- 
ern Philosophy." Simms plans to teach 
history at the college level. 

Other papers are entitled "Effects of 
Nuclear Testing on the Radiocarbon 
Dating System," by John Drais; "Pub- 
lie Utility Rate Regulation," by Carole 
Robison; "Characters in the Work of 
Proust: An Onomastic Study," by Gail 
Garrison; "Orientalism in the Poetry 
of Theophile Gautier as seen in t'le 
'Emaux et Camees' and Other Select2d 
Poems," by Mary Frances Angle; and 
"Puritanism and the English Reforma- 
tion," by William Sanders. 

The students began their program 
during the second semester last year. 
To be eligible they were required to have 
an overall grade index of 2.0, or B. After 
petitioning the Honors Council for per- 
mission to become candidates and re- 
ceiving acceptance, they took nine hours 

of directed study in the program in ad- 
dition to t'-ieir regular courses. The pa- 
pers were defended before an Examin- 
ing Board appointed by the Council. 

Although the presentation and de- 
fense of the paper may replace the com- 
prehensive examination for the students 
at the discretion of the major profes- 
sor, all of the candidates this year took 
the comprehensive. 

Candidates who complete both phases 
of the program satisfactorily are eligi- 
ble to graduate with the designation 
"with honors." To be eligible for high- 
est honors the candidates must achieve 
averages of 2.6 in the Honors work, 2.5 
overall index, and present a superior 
Honors paper. 

Seniors not participating in the Hon- 
ors Program who maintained averages 
of 2.0 or better graduated "with distinc- 
tion" or "with high distinction". 

Page Seven 

The soaring cost of financing higher education makes it necessary for 
the College and its students to explore thoroughly this neglected area 
of support 

The decision to enter graduate school is 
a hard one, particularly when finances 
are a problem. 

An important source of funds for 
any college, and particularly for a non- 
tax-supported college, is grants — large 
or small, restricted or non-restricted. 

To earn a grant a college must show 
evidence that its program is worthy of 
support and that it is attempting con- 
stantly to improve itself. As almost 
any commercial on television will tell 
you, nothing is ever so good that it 
can't be improved. 

Millsaps has been fortunate in the 
receipt of grants, but aims at getting 
more — and more substantial ones. One 
step calls for another: an improved and 
enlarged science program calls for more 
laboratories and more equipment; more 

Scholarships, Grants 
A Must For Millsaps 

popular choral and dramatics groups 
require more working and exhibiting 
space; a larger library needs more books; 
more students call for more classroom 

Grants, like small boys, come in as- 
sorted sizes and shapes. There are those 
designed to encourage faculty research 
and study; some are intended to help 
students in graduate school; some are 
for the purchase of equipment; some are 
for general unrestricted use; some are 
for library books; some are intended 
to enlarge teaching programs; and 
some have very specialized aims. 

A good example of the last named 
was a $1720 grant made to Millsaps 
by the Educational Facilities Laboratory 
to enable the College to make a study 
of the campus designs of other insti- 
tutions. The study was intended to 
help officials make long-range plans 
for the physical development of the 
campus, a preliminary step to the con- 
struction of the first unit of a Fine Arts 

EFL, a subsidiary of the Ford Foun- 
dation, gave the College enough money 
to enable a committee of six to visit 
campuses selected by the architectural 
firm which will build the Fine Arts 

Center and which is serving as consul- 
tant for physical development. 

Three Millsaps professors have been 
awarded grants this year. Darrell S. 
English will participate in a summer 
program at The Radiation Biology In- 
stitute of Purdue University's Bionu- 
cleonic Department under a National 
Science Foundation award. Dr. Donald 
Caplenor has a two-year grant in sup- 
port of research on the physiological 
responses and autecology of the bitter- 
weed, a pasture weed of considerable 
importance because of its production of 
a bitter substance which fouls milk. 
Fred Whitam has received a dissertation 
year scholarship. 

Millsaps is rightfully proud of the 
fact that annually about half of its 
graduating seniors go to graduate school 
and that half of these attend on schol- 
arships. This year at least thirty-five 
seniors were awarded fellowships. They 
are worthy of listing: 

Woodrow Wilson National Fellowships 
— Mary Frances Angle, French, Univer- 
sity of Montpelier 1962-63, University of 
North Carolina 1963-64; Martha Gail 
Garrison, French, University of North 
Carolina; James G. Leverett, German, 
Rutgers University; L. Moody Simms, 

Page Eight 

The student-faculty team engaKed in 
oriffinal research on the loessal area be- 
tween Vicksburff and Jackson ROt to- 
Rether for the photoKrapher. The Na- 
tional Science Foundation has given 
more than $35,000 to finance the project. 

Jr., history, University of Virginia; 
(honorable mention — William Sanders, 
history, and Walter Robert Brown, his- 

F u 1 b r i g h t — Mary Frances Angle, 
French, University of Montpelier; 

Atomic Energy Commission — W. Aus- 
tin Davis, physics, Vanderbilt; Thomas 
R. Mullins, mathematics and physics, 

National Defense Education Act — 
Judith Lynn Brook, biology. University 
of Florida; Barbara Ann Regan, biolo- 
gy, University of Florida; W. Robert 
Brown, history, Emory; Robert N. Leg- 
gett, Jr., mathematics. University of 
North Carolina; 

Mississippi Department of Public Wel- 
fare — Louise Lockwood Hutchins, so- 

Selected as recipients of choice scholar- 
ships, these outstanding seniors will at- 
tend graduate school this fall. 

ciology, Tulane University; Shirley Mc- 
Daniel, sociology, Tulane University; 
Carolyn Cook Shannon, psychology, Un- 
iversity of Florida; Martha Jean Ste- 
phens, sociology, Tulane; 

Institutional — John H. Drais, chemis- 
try. University of California; Nancy 
Irene Grisham, English, Dupont Schol- 
arship to University of Virginia; Willard 
S. Moore, geochemistry, Columbia; Anne 
Traughber Lucas, chemistry and mathe- 
matics. University of Mississippi Med- 
ical School; Lowell S. Husband, chemis- 
try. University of Mississippi Medical 
School; Brenda Eve Satoris, English, 
Louisiana State University; Jose Raul 
Fernandez, Spanish, University of Mis- 
souri; Merritt E. Jones, mathematics. 
College of William and Mary; Miriam 
E. Cooper, English, Duke University; 

Mildred Wade, political science, Amer- 
ican University Scholarship for Alum- 
ni of Washington Semester Program; 
Eldridge Rogers, biology, George Pea- 
body; William Sanders, history. Uni- 
versity of Houston; Ivan B. Burnett, 
Jr., psychology, Yale; John Victor Shaw, 
Jr., psychology, Perkins School of Theo- 
logy (SMU); Donald P. Fortenberry, 
music, Duke; George H. Robinson, Jr., 
psychology and mathematics. Univer- 
sity of Mississippi; Larry A. Gorum, 
chemistry, University of Mississippi; 
James R. Mozingo, Jr., chemistry. Uni- 

versity of Mississippi; Thomas E. Jack- 
son, accounting. University of Missis- 
sippi; Leah Marie Park, history, Van- 

Another National Science Foundation 
grant received this year is designed 
for the purchase of equipment for the 
chemistry department. The $6,160 grant 
will be matched by the College, and 
the entire $12,320 will be used for 
equipment. The grant will enable the 
department to begin a program of mod- 
ernization which will include the addi- 
tion of a new faculty member and the 
revision of and addition to the chemis- 
try curriculum. 

The College annually receives grants 
from such industries as the Texas 
Company and the Esso Education Foun- 

The W. K. Kellogg Foundation this 
year awarded the College a $10,000 grant 
for the purchase of books to improve 
the quality of its teacher preparation 
program and to increase the effective- 
ness of its library services generally. As 
a basis for the grant the College drew 
up a long-range plan for improving the 

The science division has just complet- 
ed the second year of a three-year Na- 
tional Science Foundation Undergradu- 
ate Research Training Program. 

The College works for these grants 
— they aren't just handed out on silver 
platters. But the hours spent in plan- 
ning and outlining for the granting 
agencies have paid well. The College 
couldn't advance without outside sup- 
port — and might very well find itself 
in sei'ious trouble if it fails to find 
new and substantial sources of funds. 

Page Nine 

Half of the members of the senior class each year seek advanced degrees. 
This article gives a partial answer to the question 

Do They Succeed In 
Graduate School? 

Gail Garrison and Moody Simms, grad- 
uate school bound, get advice from Dr. 
Bond Fleming. 

"What happens to your scholarship 
winners ? Are they particularly suc- 
cessful in graduate school?" a Mill- 
saps College staff member was asked 
recently. , 

The question is a pertinent one, for 
approximately half of each graduating 
class at the Methodist institution goes 
on to graduate school, and approximate- 
ly half of those who do receive scholar- 
ship aid. 

The record of Millsaps seniors in open 
competition for graduate or professional 
school scholarships in recent years has 
been outstanding. Typical is the Wood- 
row Wilson Fellowship Foundation's 
award given annually to superior senior 
students who are considering entering 
the field of college teaching. Of the 
seven given in the state of Mississippi 
this year Millsaps seniors received four. 
Seventh in enrollment among colleges 
and universities in the State, Millsaps 

each year receives far more than its 
proportionate share of scholarship 

Once in graduate school, the college 
graduate frequently finds the going 
rather difficult. The reasons for poor 
performance are varied and hard to pin- 
point. But here, too, the large majority 
of Millsaps alumni do well. Factors con- 
tributing to the success of these men 
and women perhaps include the Millsaps 
comprehensive examination system, op- 
portunities for specialized study at the 
undergraduate level, more rigid academic 
requirements, and the fact that many 
less able high school students do not 
apply for admission in the first place. 

One good example of what Millsape 
graduates do in graduate school is Wil- 
liam R. Hendee, a 1959 alumnus who 
entered Vanderbilt on an Atomic Ener- 
gy Commission Fellowship and who will 
return to Millsaps this fall as assistant 
professor of physics. 

Hendee received first place evaluation 
in a scaling of AEC radiological physics 
fellows upon completion of his fellow- 
ship. He was promptly awarded a Gil- 
bert X-Ray Special Fellowship in ra- 
diological and radiation physics by the 
University of Texas. He expects to re- 
ceive the Ph.D. degree from the Texas 
medical school this year, and only three 
years after receiving his BS degree from 

A far cry from the egghead proto- 
type, Hendee has many and diverse 
interests. He enjoys all forms of ath- 
letics. Follovidng his graduation from 
Forest Hill High School in 1954 he at- 
tended Tulane for two years on a South- 
eastern Conference Athletic Scholarship. 
He likes to camp and fish. 

His favorite authors are Tennessee 
Williams, T. S. Eliot, Nikos Kazantzakis, 
Will Durant. He likes music ranging 
from Wagner and Gliere to Southern 
and Creole folk music. 

At Millsaps he was consistently nam- 
ed to the Dean's List or President's 
List. A laboratory assistant in the phy- 
sics department, he was selected as 
Theta Nu Sigma's outstanding science 
major in 1959. He served as president 
of the German Club, secretary of Theta 
Nu Sigma, and was a member of Schil- 
ler Gesellschaft. 

Currently engaged in a number of 
research projects concerning cancer, 
Hendee is studying the effects of x- 
irradiation on human cancer cells and 
attempting to increase the sensitivity of 
the cells by introducing abnormal chem- 
ical constituents into the deoxyribo nu- 
cleic acid, which carries the genetic 
coating mechanism of the cell. He is 
studying, by use of the electron micro- 
scope, the morphology of irradiated and 
unirradiated human cancer cells, and 
also the morphology of cells with chem- 
ically modified DNA (deoxyribo nucleic 
acid). In another program he is study- 
ing, by use of the microspectro photo- 
meter, the processes of DNA replication 
and cell division in human cancer cells. 

He has presented papers before the 
Texas Academy of Science and the 
Texas Society of Electron Microscopists. 

Hendee and his wife, the former 
Jeannie Wesley, '60, have a son, Kyp, 
who is fifteen months old. 

He is a member of the Marine Corps 
Reserve and is a former youth director 
of the Jackson YMCA. 

Page Ten 

Religious Dimensions 

Modern Music 

Magnolia Coullet 

I suppose there is no subject more controversial than 
that of modern music in general, unless it is modern art, 
and even here, since music is so universally present and at 
all times around us, the area of controversy is much more 
widespread. Modern music, if we are speaking of the seri- 
ous music of the twentieth century, has about exhausted the 
vocabulary of abuse, vilification, and scorn. It has been 
called simply noise, the work of fanatics and charlatans, 
chaotic, incomprehensible, unpleasant, ugly, unmusical, in- 
finitely repellent, a term with which to frighten people. 

These reactions are very reasonable and sincere in those 
people whose ears have been and are attuned to the classical 
and romantic composers and compositions of the centuries 
preceding this one. Until the end of the nineteenth century, 
the course of music was proceeding along the classic and 
romantic lines to which all were accustomed and with which 
all were intimately associated. And then the world found 
itself involved in two world wars. In our country, carrying 
romanticism to its extreme, we thought we were going to 
make the world safe for democracy, and with this as a slo- 
gan we lined the streets to cheer our heroes, our soldiers, 
marching off in a blaze of glory and patriotism. While they 
were gone, those of us who remained used ration books 
to buy limited amounts of food and fewer clothes, and bought 
all the Liberty Bonds we could afford; we continued to study 
and play Bach and Mozart. Beethoven and Chopin. And we 
sang such catchy and tuneful songs as "It's a Long Way to 
Tipperary" and "Goodbye Broadway, Hello France," and 

The seventh in a series of 
faculty chapel addresses, this 
article reveals the versatility 
and scholarship of its author. 
Mrs. Magnolia Coullet. '24. 
After receiving her Masters 
degree from the University 
of Pennsylvania, she joined 
the Millsaps faculty and now 
serves as associate professor 
of Latin and German. 


those of us who thought we were beautiful Katies sang that 
we would be waiting at the k-k-k-kitchen door. 

Then the war was over, and expectations were unful- 
filled. We had not made the world safe for democracy. We 
had not made it safe at all. A whole generation became an- 
gry, disillusioned, frustrated, and wanted to have nothing 
of the kind of world in which it found itself. And then, 
it would seem, those who were artistic began to hurl blobs 
of paint at canvas; architects began to build houses -with 
the entire roof slanting in one direction, or down in deep 
ditches so that only the roof was visible from the street 
and rooms had six or eight or three walls instead of four; 
and poetry and language took on aspects till then never en- 
countered, such as: 

"Cousin to Clare washing 

In the win — all the band beagles which have cousin 
lime sign and arrange a wedding match to presume a 
certain point — vest, a green guest, guest, go, go, go, 
go, go, go, go. Go, go. not guessed. Go, go. Toasted 
Susie in my ice cream." 

(Gertrude Stein) 

Then music, which seems to be the laggard of the arts, 
began to let its presence be known. In expressing itself it, 
too, departed or almost departed from all known forms 
and patterns. Among other manifestations of their revolt 
from classic and romantic forms, composers began to write 
without a key signature, which brought about extreme 
dissonance, then without a time signature, which meant 
without a fixed rhythm; this soon necessitated the omission 
of bars or marking into measures; with all this lack there 
was no feeling of resolution — it was as if we might con- 
tinue to sing for periods of time the "A" of Amen but 
never put on the "men." So we found music with no key, no 
rhythm, no bars, no resolution — if only composers had 
brought themselves to the final renunciation and begun to 
write no notes, they would have arrived at a complete void 
and a nothingness and might have accomplished their 
"dream of death" by which some critics believe all modern 
composers are motivated. 

And indeed a violent reaction against modern music 

Page Eleven 

would not be out of order if one considered only the many 
oddities presented to the public under the name of music 
— for example, music composed to be played with the palms 
of the hand and with the whole arm; chords with so large 
an expanse of the notes that the hands cannot encompass 
them and they must be played with a ruler or some other 
long wooden device; large clusters of notes written so close- 
ly together that the stems must be printed in a fan shape or 
petal-wise to indicate that so many notes are to be struck 
at once; music written using quarter tones — that is, divid- 
ing the sound of each note now present on the piano into 
two sounds so that an octave contains twice as many tones 
as it now does. In order to play these pieces at all, stringed 
instruments must be used or new pianos have to be invented 
• — and they actually have been. Even the names of some of 
the compositions are startling and do not have the ring 
of timelessness, such as "Filling Station," "Mayor LaGuar- 
dia Waltzes," "Ballet for Airplane Motors," "A Concerto 
for Tin Whistle and Orchestra," "Flivver Ten Million," 
"Station WGBZX." 

If this were the entire story or if this were the total 
assessment of the music of our time, it could, perhaps, with 
good conscience be thrown aside as having little if any 
permanence. But a closer scrutiny of the music of today, 
and a simple naming of many modern composers, and a 
consideration of the long history of music will modify, at 
least to some extent, so complete a condemnation. 

Consider this: at some time in history all music has 
been modern, and if all people of yesterday had been 
swayed by the opinion of the many we would not now have 
what we think of as music of the past. As an example of 

"... the world became full of noise and confusion and un- 
certainty and their music is a reflection of - . . our life." 

such an opinion, no less a personage than the great German 
Goethe had this to say upon hearing Beethoven's "Fifth 

"It is a strange state to which the great improvements 
in the technical and mechanical arts have brought our 
newest composers. Their productions are no longer 
music; they go beyond the level of human feelings and 
no response can be given them from mind and heart."' 

And later, in 1907, a criticism of Debussy's "La Mer" is 
quoted as follows: 

"Last night's concert began with a lot of impressionistic 
daubs of color smeared higgledy piggledy on a tonal 
palette, with never a thought of form or purpose except 
to create new combinations of sound . . . one thing only 
was certain, and that was that the composer's ocean was 
a frogpond and that some of its denizens had got into 
the throat of every one of the brass instruments. "- 

This is a far cry from Leonard Bernstein's description 
of the same piece as he and his orchestra presented it on 
a television program some months ago. In playing portions 
of the number where the whole tone scale is so obviously 
used, he became almost ecstatic and aroused the same en- 
thusiasm in the listeners. For in listeners almost everywhere 
today the idea of a frogpond in Debussy's music is abso- 
lutely offensive, and the ovei"\vhelming, if not unanimous, 
consensus of opinion is that nowhere has any sound surpass- 
ed his in its ethereal quality and in its ability to portray 
with such exquisite beauty what it sets out to portray. 

In the second place, even if modern or contemporary 
music is not universally liked, understood, and appreciated, 
no person today can dismiss twentieth century composers 
as being of no talent and consequence. If indeed we were 
limited to composers born in our own country, the list would 
not be unimpressive. We should find such well-known, and 
therefore much played or at least discussed, names as Aaron 
Coplan, George Gershwin, Roy Harris, Walter Piston, Randall 
Thompson (who, by the way, set the go, go, go poem to gone, 
gone, gone music). In addition, because of political turbu- 
lence and social turmoil, many composers were driven or 
came from Europe to America — such men as Hindemith, 
Milhaud, Stravinsky, Bartok, Schoenberg, Krenek, Bloch, 
Saminsky, and others. Here they have continued writing and 
teaching and through their presence and influence, along 
with that of native composers, our country for the first 
time has become the center of all musical activity and is in 
a position to make an enormous contribution to music his- 
tory as a whole. 

According to these composers and other important Eu- 
ropean musicians, along with many of their optimistic and 
loyal critics, modern music is not inexplicable. They assert 
that, if their dissonances are ear-splitting, they neverthe- 
less express faithfully and truthfully ideas and things as 
they are. Instead of their music's being composed in no key, 
it is, in reality, they explain to our enlightenment, com- 
posed in several keys; instead of having no rhythm it makes 
use of many rhythms in the same piece; and it is thus not 
without key but is polytonal, is not without rhythm but is 
polyrhythmic; and such music came into being, not suddenly 
in a burst of outrage, but by a long concatenation of musi- 
cal efforts, and because classic and romantic music had 
reached the ultimate possibilities beyond which they could 
not go and from which something new was bound to come. 
Two world wars simply determined the way it would go, 
for the world became full of noise and confusion and un- 

Page Twelve 

certainty, and their music is a reflection of, as well as a 
contribution to, our life. And although in the last two decades 
there has been some moderation in the extremes to which 
music has gone, even an unrealized attempt to return to 
Bach, its main characteristics still prevail and present per- 
haps, in the words of one modern composer, "a common 
idiom but one not yet perfected for full communication." 
(Virgil Thomson) 

Such is the type and character of today's music, and our 
problem is to ascertain what are the religious dimensions 
in it. It is outside the province of this paper to discuss 
the religiosity of all music, in that whatever one does with 
sincerity of heart and mind and soul is sacred and there- 
fore religious — it is not within my capacity to deal with 
such subtelties. The question considered here is whether 
modern contemporary music is of such a nature that it is 
or can be used in any of the forms which go to make up 
religious music, and, if so, to what extent it is being utilized. 

Religious music consists of two types: liturgical mus- 
ic, that which is written especially for the church service, 
sung by the congregation and the choir; and non-liturgical 
music, based on Biblical themes or stories, by its very 
nature being too long or perhaps too operatic to be per- 
formed appropriately in the church service. Such forms as 
oratorios, contatas, the Passions of Bach, and other similar 
large and long works are non-liturgical. Both types are 
written to glorify God or to praise Him or to pray to Him. 

The case for modern religious music as a whole cannot 
be presented with unalloyed enthusiasm and praise. And 
it is on the less complex forms of church music, in their 
unsuitability and general stylistic melange, that the greater 
criticism falls. 

So eminent an authority as Paul Henry Lang, a few 
years ago in an article in the Christian Century entitled 
"Church Music— What's Left of It," wrote: 

"... there is no living church music, for the serious 
composers have ceased to write for the services. The 
result of . . . this is that only the artistically unfit 
continue to compose ritual music, and a more miserable, 
tawdry, tinsel strewn collection than recent church mu- 
sic is hard to imagine." 

Archibald Davison, Professor Emeritus of Music of 
Harvard University, in his book Church Music, published in 
1960, has this to say: 

"The modern church dotes on poverty of invention 
and commonness of musical expression; it is difficult 
to believe that much of the choir music currently 
produced and widely used has been subjected by its 
creator to a stricter critical evaluation than that implied 
in mere salability." 

Upon what grounds is such a lack of praise given to 
church music of today, and is this the definitive judgment 
of it? 

Church music by its very nature is not absolute music 
— that is, music written for itself alone, music to be inter- 
preted by each individual as it appears and appeals to him; 
it is, on the contrary, written for a purpose: as an aid in 
or to worship. It is almost always associated with a text. 
Therefore, to be fit and proper, the musical line must be 
suited to the words, they must cooperate, they must be 
partners. As an example in reverse of this, "Now the 
Day is Over, Night is Drawing Nigh" would never have 

been right or acceptable if it had been set to the tune of 
"Onward, Christian Soldiers, Marching as to War," though it 
can be sung to this melody; nor could the hymn for chil- 
dren "In Our Work and in Our Play Jesus Ever With Us 
Stay" be suitable to the tune of "Rock of Ages, Cleft for 
Me, Let Me Hide Myself in Thee," though this, too, can be 

For the very best example of the cooperation of tune 
and text, we need to look back into the past to the plain 
song (called Gregorian chant in the sixth century) and to 
the chorale, which came into being in the time of the Re- 

The plain song was made up of one line of melody sung 
in unison in Latin unaccompanied. It has been and is uni- 
versally acclaimed as embodying characteristics of what 
perfect church music should be. It is simple, it does not 
call attention to itself, it meets the needs of the words, 
accenting what should be emphasized and soaring — though 
not too high nor descending too low — with beauty, dignity, 
and majesty. Anyone who has had the great good fortune 
to hear these chants in their rightful setting in one of the 
great ancient churches or cathedrals of Europe will recall 
with joy the unearthly or perhaps otherworldly quality of 
the echoing and re-echoing voices. 

Contemporary musicians, in their employment of new 
devices, have, among other things, used in their music sug- 
gestions of the old Gregorian chant. They have applied to 
it modernistic harmonizations, rhythms, and keys and have 
attempted to fit it to the dodecaphonic or atonal scale (this 
is the modern twelve-tone scale which may begin anywhere 
on the piano and uses every note, black and white, as it 
appears, no note having more basic tonal importance than 
another; thus the scale contains every note on the piano, the 
starting note coming around again only after twelve have 
been sounded, and any combination of notes may constitute 
a chord). Such a compositional style results in little if any 
melody, an uneveness of pulse, and difficult musical line 
because of unfamiliar-sounding skips between notes. As a 
result, while the chant, as it now appears, is recognizable, 
even though sometimes compounded with jazz, it is cer- 
tainly no longer simple, certainly calls attention to itself, 
and when applied to group singing is difficult for the aver- 
age choir and could never be negotiated by a congregation. 

The chorale of the sixteenth century furnished the 
church with some of its best hymns and was the inspiration 
of all others. The hymn, as we know, is accompanied, is 
made up of more than one harmonic line, has a definite and 
uncomplex rhythm to which words must conform, and is 
sung in one's own language. Regular rhythm is one of the 
qualities which have made the hymn the best suited of all 
forms for congregational singing. In addition, the musical 
composition of hymns, as of many larger forms, is generally 
characterized first by a phrase ending with an unresolved 
chord closely followed by a phrase of answer, or a phrase of 
question followed by a phrase of answer, or a phrase of 
longing followed by a phrase of fulfillment, if you will. 
"Eine Feste Burg," "A Mighty Fortress is Our God," attri- 
buted to Martin Luther, is usually cited as the best exam- 
ple of the chorale form. This kind of music meets the 
spiritual needs of the worshiper and is within his musical 

Modern music as a whole, on the other hand, empha- 
sizes dissonance, uneveness of rhythm, clashing of keys, 
polytonality, non-resolution — it raises constantly the idea, 
not so much of questioning or longing, but of struggle and 

Page Thirteen 

conflict. So far as this goes, it is typical of modern life it- 
self, and is pertinent; but modern music does not often round 
out the conflict with a cadence, a coming to rest, with a 
return to a basic key giving satisfaction to the ear and 
signifying fulfillment. In church it is just this spiritual 
reassurance the worshiper is seeking — and unfulfillment 
leaves him frustrated and unsatisfied. Accordingly, to those 
for whom the early chant and chorale serve as the criteria 
of the beauty, dignity, and suitability of church music, 
it is not strange that compositions in the contemporary style 
should have little, if any, appeal. And if judged by the 
statement that as far as a thing is beautiful it is aesthetic, 
as far as it is fulfilling it is religious, this kind of music 
would seem to be neither. 

Actually, it is almost impossible to consider the merits 
of the religion expressed in a really contemporary hymn, 
for almost none is ever seen or heard by most musicians 
— for the reason that few hymns composed either in the 
avant-garde manner or in a more conservative style can 
be or are published. Although there are scores of hymnals 
in existence in our counti-y (there are about 250 different 
denominations), few, if any, ai'e revised more than once in 
a musical generation. For example, our Methodist hymnal 
was revised last in 1939, almost forty years after the be- 
ginning of this century; and, discouragingly enough, among 
the 644 numbered hymns and responses there are included 
only two, if I have counted right, whose composers were 
born in the twentieth century. 

One of these is set to a text so suitable for this age 
that I quote two stanzas: 

God Creator in whose hand 

The rolling planets lie. 

Give skill to those who now command 

The ships that brave the sky. 

Enfolding Life, bear on Thy wing 

Through storm, and dark, and sun 

The men in air who closer bring 

The nations into one. (Hymn No. 555) 

This hymnal is in the process of being revised once more, 
but it is no doubt disconcerting to modern musicians of all 
kinds to learn from the results of a questionnaire sent 
out to all Methodist pastors and district superintendents 
that, although fifty per cent of those who answered want 
new tunes, sixty-two per cent want more gospel songs and 
forty-two per cent want more spirituals included in the 
new edition. 

Music for the use of the choir is more voluminous, for 
it has a better chance of being heard. It can be published as 
soon as composed if the publisher believes in its worth or 
even, according to Dr. Davison, in its salability. In the 
realm of personal religion a person is not likely to attain 
spiritual depth if his eye is fixed mainly on the reward to 
be reaped in heaven; so music cannot reach religious heights 
if the minds of the publisher and composer are slanted 
toward the rewai'ds of the cash box. If the charge of com- 
mercialism is a just one it may account for the well known 
fact that for every forty or fifty choir numbers examined, 
usually not more than two or three really qualify to be 
performed with pride and understanding as well as with 
pleasure — and as a means of worship. However, it is true 
that more and more often there does appear a number which, 
while definitely associated with the characteristics of our 
day, has utilized them with such skill that the music is 
eagerly welcomed into the increasing number of anthems 
suitable for a satisfactory repertoire. Such composers as 

Gustav Hoist, David Mack Williams, Leo Sowerby, Robert 
Baker, Healy Willan, and Vaughan Williams are among those 
who may reasonably expect to attain a lasting place in 
church literature. 

The non-liturgical, or religious concert music, in its 
larger forms, is the vehicle used with greatest success by 
contemporary composers and is to be found in the works 
of the best known, as well as in those of the less well 
known, composers of the world. The following are some of 
them: Honegger's "King David," Stravinsky's "Symphocie 
de psaumes," Britten's "Te Deum," Walton's "Belshazzar's 
"Feast," Hindemith's "Apparebit repentina dies," "Kodaly's 
"Missa Brevis" and "Te Deum," Hoist's "Hymn of Jesus," 
Satie's "mass for the poor," and Randall Thompson's "The 
Peaceable Kingdom." 

Almost without exception all this music is scored for 
large and experienced orchestras, often with the brass and 
percussion instruments predominating. They demand large 
choruses for the most effective results. In my own church, 
where we have an organist of thoroughly sound musicianship 
and a choir director of imagination and daring, we have 
performed with organ accompaniment four of these modern 
numbers as concert pieces. They were not praised unani- 
mously. We lost in the process a few members of the choii' 
but, we hope, attracted others. Presumably we shall con- 
tinue to present, as far as the choir is capable, the new 
with the old, for we feel that contemporary music, as well 
as up-to-the-minute preaching, may appeal to the intellect 
and should at least be given the opportunity to be heard. 
For church music, as well as secular music, is a language — 
together they have been called the universal language — 
and as such must remain alive. And as in all languages new 
words, phrases and expressions develop as time passes, in 
order to meet the changes in the sociological, political, and 
scientific world around them, so music, too, in order to be 
vital, has to express itself in terms of its time. And just 
as indviduals and people adjust themselves in other realms, 
so it would seem to be only just and right that performers 
should present the music of the new composers as well as 
that of the old, and that those who hear should listen to it. 
perhaps not always with pleasure, but with intelligence and 
without being frightened. For the achieving of success or fail- 
ure in music three involvements are absolutely essential, 
either by their presence or by their absence: the compos- 
er, the performer, and the listener. Only if composers are 
heard will they be able to say what they wish to say and 
only if they are heard can a fair judgment be made. 

Some mention should be made of attempts in contem- 
porary music to make jazz an instrument of religious — in- 
deed, of church — music. Some interesting numbers designed 
for concert use and for ritualistic use have appeared: a jazz 
mass came out in recorded form some years ago and a 
"Requiem for Mary Jo," written for a Methodist Church 
service, was televised in February of last year with com- 
ments by Dr. Roger Ortmeyer, who has been a chapel speak- 
er here. An editorial in the Christian Century a month after 
the broadcast commended the "Requiem" for being creative 
but, using what must always be one criterion in worship 
music, reported that the jazz music seldom attained a speak- 
ing acquaintance with the sacred words. 

In a book called Jazz, Hot and Hybrid, Winthrop Sar- 
geant has stated that the weakness of jazz lies in the fact 

"it is an art without positive values, an art that evades 
those attitudes of restraint and intellectual poise upon 
which complex civilizations are built ... It does not 

Page Fourteen 

... it is spiritual reassurance the worshipper is seeking 
-and unfulfillment leaves him frustrated and unsatisfied." 

offer him ideals, induce him to sacrifice himself for 
great causes, instill in him a sense of human dignity.'" 

There are, of course, those who will disagree with Sar- 
geant, but if one listens, for example, to a more recent com- 
position called "Liturgical Jazz," by Edgar Summerlin, also 
^vl■itten for a church service, he doubtless will feel that the 
music is still jazz and will probably even have an impulse 
to pat his foot. If so, this is music still associated with the 
dance hall or the night club, and it does not seem likely that 
it or any jazz can become a means of real worship until it 
has cleared itself of such associations. 

In summary, the subject of contemporary music is a 
controversial one, but it is not too much to say that it is 
entirely different in structure and character from any music 
which has preceded it. Since music is one of the expressions 
of any age, and since our age has been one of real wars, 
cold wars, anxieties, even fears, contemporary music dis- 
plays characteristics of conflict, uncertainty, and confusion. 
This appears in the music in complicated forms of harmony, 
rhythm, and tonality. Upon this kind of idiom has been 
brought to bear the influence of the musicians from France, 
Germany, Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, and Russia now 
living, composing, and teaching in our country, and the orien- 
tal influence coming through the many fine Jewish com- 
posers inspired by the rise of Israel, and the elements of 
jazz, folksong, and the plain song. All of these things have 
brought to music a potentiality immeasurable — but, at least 
up to the last ten years, the varieties of development have 

been so numerous, the breaking away from recognized es- 
tablished rules so abrupt, the loss of anything like a 
melodic line so universal, its very structure has made the 
music a difficult tool by means of which music for the 
use of worship may be fashioned. As to the spirit of mod- 
ern music, it is probably accurately summed up by Marion 
Bauer, who says, "The artist of the twentieth century has 
a phobia against any display of feeling"; his music is a 
form where "texture, line, architecture, and tonality are 
the problems, not an imperative need for expressing pro- 
fundities of feeling and heights of ennobling emotion."" 

A music which is so highly complex in structure and 
so lacking in depth and heights of emotion has resulted for 
the most part in music for orchestral and instrumental com- 
binations where its very complexity and esoteric construc- 
tion have brought about such contrasting reactions as actual 
fights in the music hall or loud bravos and resounding 
shouts of acclaim. A host of composers, using these contem- 
porary characteristics or some modifications of them, have 
turned their attention to religious music in one form or 
another. The resulting liturgical music has been an assort- 
ment varying from the atonal and dissonant to the over- 
simplified and dull, from the impressive in a few instances 
to the insipid in many more, from musical setting of the 
exalted words "Lord, Thou hast been our refuge from one 
generation to another" to one of the somewhat eccentric 
exhortation "Arise, Jerusalem, and sit down." Conse- 
quently, among the great number of composed hymns and 
choir numbers, comparatively few have been considered 
suitable for use in the church. It is, however, encouraging 
to note that between extremes in both types of liturgical 
music there are appearing, more and more, aspects which 
may be associated with worship. Religious music for use 
outside the church service has had reasonable success, most 
particularly in the churches where large choral groups and 
orchestras are financially possible, and in large choral groups 
in colleges and universities. 

And so, although in the field of religious music we may 
not as yet in our time have produced a Bach or a Handel, 
we cannot condemn as "common" all religious music of our 
age. We are now into the sixties of this century, and the 
teenage of contemporary music, with all of its experiment- 
ing and its sometimes resultant lack of sincerity, is past, 
even its youth is gone. It is now in its middle age, a time 
when for most things moderation is in order, and the signs 
are that music is beginning to address itself at least now 
and then to a less complex and difficult way. There are also 
signs that listeners are beginning to understand that there 
is a beauty (an aesthetic, if you like) to be found in music 
which emphasizes structure, architecture, and sound divested 
of melody. We have fine composers endeavoring to use their 
music for and to express themselves in the religious field, 
and, while contemporary music in its extreme form may 
not arouse as worshipful an attitude as do Handel's "Mes- 
siah" and Bach's "Magnificat," the elements in music today 
and as they can be used in the future are capable of creat- 
ing attitudes, if not of prayer or quiet communion, then of 
joy and praise and exultation— and these, too, are religious. 


lElie Siegmeister, Music Lovers' Handbook, ed. bv Elie Siegmeister N Y 
William Morrow and Co.. 1943, p. 565. 

2Henry E. Krehbiel in "New York Tribune," 1907, quoted by John Tasker 
Howard in Modern Music, N.Y., Thomas Y. Crowell, 1958, pp. 11 and 

sSeigmeister. op. cit., p. 709. 

^Marion Bauer, Twentieth Century Composers, N.Y., G. P. Putnam's 
Sons, 1947, pp. 395 and 397. 

Page Fifteen 


from town and gown 

Buie Succeeds Campbell 

After more than 30 years of distin- 
guished service to his Alma Mater, A. 
Boyd Campbell, '10, has resigned as 
Treasurer of Millsaps College. The an- 
nouncement of Mr. Campbell's resig- 
nation was made on July 1 by Bishop 
Marvin A. Franklin, Chairman of the 
Board of Trustees. 

Named to succeed Mr. Campbell as 
treasurer was Webster Millsaps Buie, 
III. '36, son of a former treasurer of 
the college and great nephew of Ma- 
jor R. W. Millsaps, founder of the Col- 
lege and its first teasurer. Buie had 
served for several years as chairman of 
the Finance Committee of the Board 
of Trustees. Nat Rogers, '41, Jackson 
banker will succeed Mr. Buie in this 

In announcing the changes in key po- 
sitions Bishop Franklin said "The vast 
contributions Mr. Campbell has made 
to the College cannot be measured. He 
has handled the growing endowment 
most profitably and has given of his 
business judgment in many ways, al- 
ways beneficial to the College. Millsaps 
College will ever be indebted to him for 
his unselfish devotion in the discharge of 
his official responsibilities. 

"Upon Mr. Campbell's resignation, the 
entire Board of Trustees turned to Webb 
Buie as his successor. No alumnus has 
been more intimately related to the Col- 
lege than has Mr. Buie. In every partic- 
ular he is qualified to carry on as treas- 
urer of Millsaps College. 

"Mr. Buie has ably served as the 
Chairman of the Finance Committee, 
and now Mr. Rogers has been named as 
Chairman of this Committee. The Col- 
lege is fortunate to be able to secure 
Mr. Buie and Mr. Rogers for these places 
of great responsibility." 

Campbell had served the College dur- 
ing the administration of three of her 
six presidents and during almost half 
of its seventy years. Dr. H. E. Finger, 
Jr., who was a student at Millsaps dur- 
ing the early years of Mr. Campbell's 
service, and who returned to become his 
co-worker on behalf of the college said 
"Boyd Campbell assumed his respon- 
sibilities as Treasurer of Millsaps Col- 
lege at a crucial period in the College's 
history. He performed a matchless serv- 
ice to his Alma Mater through the diffi- 

cult days of the depression, World War 
II, and the Korean conflict. For more 
than three decades he has given ex- 
ceedingly wise guidance to the Finance 
Committee and to the Board of Trus- 
tees. No man has contributed more to 
the financial stability of the institution 
than has he." 

Millsaps, Oxford Debate 

Millsaps debaters are playing host to 
some interesting opponents these days. 

Last spring Harvard debaters visited 
the campus for a one-day meet with a 
Millsaps team which attracted wide- 
spread community interest. 

Recently forenics director Ray Camp 
announced that a debate with Oxford 
University has been scheduled for the 
campus in October. A definite date 
hasn't been set. 

The Institute of International Edu- 
cation arranged the program through 
its Foreign Study Division. 

Among the topics suggested for the 
debate are "that the U. S. should not 
tolerate the continued existence of the 
Castro regime in Cuba," "that capital 
punishment should be abolished," and 
"that it is in the interest of both Bri- 
tain and the West that Britain should 
enter the European Economic Commun- 

Fleming to Centenary 

Dr. N. Bond Fleming, chairman of 
the department of philosophy since 1945, 
will leave at the end of the summer 
session to accept a position as dean of 
the faculty of Centenary College in 
Shreveport, Louisiana. 

He will be succeeded by Dr. Robert 
E. Bergmark, who joined the faculty 
in 1954. Dr. Bergmark received his B.A. 
degree from Emory University and his 
S.T.B. and Ph.D. degrees from Boston 

Although his primary duty will be 
to serve as dean of the faculty. Dr. 
Fleming will remain close to the class- 
room. He will teach one course in phil- 
osophy. Dell, who has completed her 
sophomore year in college, will repre- 
sent the Flemings at Millsaps. 

Joining Dr. and Mrs. Fleming in their 
move to Shreveport will be Janie, 15, 
John 14, and Becky, 12. 

Million Mark Reached 

The first phase of the Ten-Year De- 
velopment Program's fund raising ef- 
fort has yielded .$1,000,000 in cash and 

The money was obtained in the city 
of Jackson and its immediate environs. 
It doubles the figure announced by offi- 
cials as the goal in the local pi'ograni. 

The Jackson campaign, headed by 
bankers E. E. Laird and Herman Hines, 
was the opening portion of a three- 
year campaign in the state of Missis- 
sippi which has as its objective a min- 
imum of $1,500,000 for endowment and 
capital improvements. 

Alumni manpower and alumni giving 
furnished the foundation for success in 
the Jackson campaign. The city had 
never given more than a little over 
$500,000 in any one year for a single 
cause. Mr. Laird, a Baptist, and Mr. 
Hinas, an Episcopalian, (neither of 
whom are alumni) have given enthusias- 
tic leadership to the campaign and have 
received strong assistance from loyal 
and enthusiastic alumni. 

Early this fall Methodist Church lead- 
ers in Mississippi will launch the sec- 
ond phase of the program with a goal 
of $1,000,000 in cash and pledges. 
Churchmen are predicting that this por- 
tion of the capital gifts campaign will 
go well beyond the goal. 

Alumni will be given the opportunity 
to take part in the 1962-65 campaign. 
Money given to the Development Pro- 
gram will be used to underwrite endow- 
ment reserve and capital improvements. 
Funds for current operation, obtained 
from such sources as the annual Alum- 
ni Fund, will continue to be needed 
throughout the capital gifts campaign. 

Nat Rogers, '41, Jackson banker, is 
serving as general chairman of the Ten- 
Year Development Program. 

Butterfield Collection 

Before her death early this summer 
Frances Westgate Butterfield, great 
niece of the founder of Millsaps College, 
gave her entire collection of biographical 
files and books to the Millsaps- Wilson 

Her collection will be added to those 

Poge Sixteen 

belonging to the Millsaps family which 
have already been given to the library. 
Included is the personal library of Miss 
Butterfield's grandfather, the Reverend 
William Green Millsaps. 

A native of Brookhaven, Miss Butter- 
field returned to her home from New 
York City a few months before her 

A number of the books in the collec- 
tion are now on display in the Millsaps- 
Wilson Library. One display features au- 
tographed books by Mississippi writers. 
Included is a rare copy of a book en- 
titled Eudora Welty on Short Stories. 
Only 1500 copies were published in a 
private printing of her first address 
on the writing of short stories. 

Most of the autographs were obtain- 
ed by Miss Butterfield in person. In- 
cluded are such illustrious names as Sin- 
clair Lewis, John Ruskin, Pearl Buck, 
Maurice Maeterlinck, Phyllis McGinley, 
Marianne Moore, Robert Frost, John 
Crowe Ransom, John Peale Bishop, and 
Dame Edith Sitwell. 

Files of press clippings, reviews, and 
other data have been compiled by Miss 
Butterfield. Now a part of the collec- 
tion, they are being mounted for safe 
keeping by the library staff and will 
be available for reference work. 

A retired high school English teach- 
er. Miss Butterfield is herself a writer. 
The Millsaps library has a copy of her 
book for children. From Little Acorns: 
The Study of Your Body. She has had 
stories published in magazines and is 
a member of the Poetry Society of 
America and Pen Women. She has been 
poetry chairman of the New York City 
branch of Pen Women. 

Alcoholism Studied 

Millsaps College will again be host to 
the Southeastern Summer School of Al- 
cohol Studies, which has been held an- 
nually on the campus for more than ten 

National authorities in the field of 
alcoholism will serve on the 28-member 
faculty and enrollment is expected from 
most of the Southeastern states. Among 
those who will serve as faculty mem- 
bers will be Dr. George Maddox, '49, as- 
sociate professor of sociology at Duke 
University and former Millsaps faculty 

Patterned after the Yale School of 
Alcohol Studies, the school seeks to 
meet the needs of professional and non- 
professional persons who are seeking a 
better understanding of problems relat- 
ed to alcoholism and alcholic beverages. 

An institute on rehabilitation counsel- 
ing of the alcoholic will be held for re- 
habilitation workers in conjunction with 
the school. 

Student Leaders Named 

student generations come and go, but 
interest in student government and prac- 
tical politics remains through all the 
changing years. 

Winners in a spirited May election 
for student association posts for the 
coming year were Tom McHorse, Jack- 
son, president; Warren Jones, Forest, 
vice president; Mary Sue McDonnell, Ha- 
zlehurst, secretary; and Martha Ellen 
Walker, Hollandale, treasurer. 

One successful candidate is a member 
of a third generation Millsaps family. 
Warren Jones is the son of Dr. Warren 
C. Jones, '35, and the grandson of the 
Reverend W. B. Jones, '97. Miss McDon- 
nell's mother and father are alumni. Dr. 
Tom McDonnell received his Bachelor of 
Science degree in 1935. Mrs. McDonnell 
(Alice Weems) is a 1934 graduate. 

The newly elected officers are already 
at work on problems and opportunities 
of student government of the 1962-63 

Millsaps and Science 

Millsaps College students and faculty 
members were second only to the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi and Mississippi 
State University in the number of pa- 
pers presented before the Mississippi 
Academy of Sciences at its annual meet- 
ing in April. 

Millsaps is seventh in enrollment 
among the state's ten senior colleges. 

Main Millsaps contributions came in 
the earth science and biology sections 

of the Academy where they led all other 
institutions in participation. 

Held on the Millsaps campus, the meet- 
ing was the twenty-sixth annual conven- 
tion of the Academy. Dr. J. B. Price, 
chairman of the department of chemis- 
try, was in charge of local arrangements. 

Writers Gain Honors 

Millsaps led a field of 45 colleges and 
universities in the number of prizes won 
by student competitors in the annual 
Southern Literary Festival in April. 

Taking first place honors were Boyd 
Kynard, sophomore from Jackson, and 
Evelyn Bilbe, junior from Wilson, Ar- 
kansas. Rachel Peden, senior from Ma- 
con, won a second place award, and 
Fentress Boone, Jackson freshman, re- 
ceived honorable mention. 

The Festival, held this year at Con- 
verse College in Spartanburg, South 
Carolina, is an annual event attended 
by member institutions throughout the 

During the two-day meeting the As- 
sociation named Dr. George Boyd, chair- 
man of the department of English at 
Millsaps, as its president for the 1962- 
63 academic year. 

Millsaps students have been prize 
winners in the Festival through the 
years. Last year in Nashville they were 
top winners and led a large field of com- 
petitors in the number of awards re- 

At its closing business session the 
Southern Literary Festival Association 
accepted an invitation to meet in April 
of 1963 at Millsaps College. 

Alumni leadership for the current year will be furnished by five elected officers. 
From the left are Julian Prince, '49, Corinth, vice president; Fred Ezelle, '37, Jack- 
son, president; and Dr. Eugene Countiss, '30, New Orleans, vice president. Not 
shown are Dr. C. C. Applewhite, '07, Jackson, vice president; and Mrs. Francis Stev- 
ens (Ann Herbert, '42), Jackson, secretary. 

Page Seventeen 



April 4 was the ninetieth birthday 
of Mrs. George C. Swearingen (Anne 
Buckley, Whitvvorth, '90), who was hon- 
ored by her children with a reception 
in her home. Mrs. Swearingen is the 
widow of one of the original faculty 
members of the College, and all their 
children have attended Millsaps. They 
are Bethany Swearingen, '25, now li- 
brarian at the College; Mrs. I. C. En- 
ochs (Crawford Swearingen, '16-'18); 
and Mack Swearingen, '22. 

Dr. J. B. Cain, '14, will serve as direc- 
tor of historical research for Mississip- 
pi Methodism during the current con- 
ference year. He was appointed to the 
newly created position at the 150th an- 
nual meeting of the Mississippi Con- 
ference. Dr. Cain will serve as coordi- 
nator of historical activity for the two 
conferences of the Jackson area of the 
Methodist Church. The Methodist Room 
of the Millsaps-Wilson Library will be 
headquarters for the project. 

Abingdon Press has announced the 
release of the second revised edition of 
The Organization of the Methodist 
Church, by Nolan Harmon, '14, bishop 
of the Charlotte, North Carolina, area. 
For sixteen years book editor of the 
Methodist Church and Abingdon Press, 
he is also the author of Rites and Rit- 
ual of Episcopal Methodism, long rec- 
ognized as the standard work on this 

Few families could equal the record 
set by the Simpsons at the 1962 Com- 
mencement exercises for alumni rep- 
resentation. Mrs. Armand Coullet (Mag- 
nolia Simpson, '24), Millsaps faculty 
member, welcomed Mrs. O. W. Jackson 
(Irene Simpson, '25), Mrs. Fish Mansell 
(Mary A^elma Simpson, '32). J. D. Simp- 
son, '34-'36, and Mrs. Harry Worthey, 
(Melvin Simpson, '30). Occasion for the 
turnout was the graduation of Eugene 
Coullet, '62. Others of the Simpson fam- 
ily, now deceased, who are alumni are 
Dr. C. M. Simpson, '02, Emmette Simp- 
son, '30-'33, and Hilary Simpson, '25. _. 

Robert E. Blount, '28, has been nam- 
ed commanding General of the Army's 
Medical Research and Development 
Command. General Blount moved to the 
new assignment after serving as Di- 
rector of the Army Surgeon General's 
Professional Service since November, 
1960. General Blount returned to the 
campus last fall for the Homecoming 
reunion of his class. He is married to 
the former Alice Ridgway, '29. Two 
sons, Robert, Jr., '53, and Richard, '62. 
have followed their father in the field 
of medicine. The Blounts live in Falls 
Church, Virginia. 


When Mississippi State University 
held its annual Commencement exer- 
cises in May, Millsaps College had 
distinguished representation among the 
speakers. Governor Buford Ellington, 
'26-'27, '29-'30, of Tennessee was the 
Graduation speaker and Dr. H. E. Fin- 
ger, Jr., '37, delivered the Baccalaureate 

The Northside Reporter, Jackson week- 
ly, featured Mrs. Hoy N. Mitchell (Mary 
Lee Stone, '30) recently as their choice 
for the "Pride of Northside." Mrs. 
Mitchell's many contributions to the 
community were listed and gratitude 
was expressed for her leadership and 
unselfish spirit. She is serving as Prin- 
cipal of Power Elementary School. 

E. A. Khayat, '32, has been appoint- 
ed Mississippi's representative on the 
National Rivers and Harbors Congress 
by the president of that organization. 
This will be the third consecutive year 
that Khayat has served as vice presi- 
dent of the Congress. Continuing the 
tradition established by her father, 
daughter Kathy has just completed her 
freshman year at Millsaps. 

After seven years' service on the Ro- 
anoke, Virginia, City Council, Mrs. R. 
T. Pickett (Mary Eleanor Chisholm, '33) 
is working \vith the dean of admissions 
at Hollins College. Mrs. Pickett, who 
was Roanoke's official representative to 
the Brussels World Fair several years 

ago, is listed in "Who's Who of Ameri- 
can Women." She and Mr. Pickett, a 
member of the class of 1926, have two 

Hendrix College in Conway, Arkan- 
sas, has conferred the degree of doctor 
of divinity upon the Reverend Connie 
Ray Hozendorf, '34, in recognition of 
"dedicated service and distinguished ac- 
complishment." He is serving his second 
year as pastor of the First Methodist 
Church in Eldorado, Arkansas. 

A recent welcome vistior to the cam- 
pus was Dr. Paul Ramsay, '35, chair- 
man of the Department of Religion at 
Princeton University. A former mem- 
ber of the Millsaps faculty. Dr. Ram- 
say is one of Protestantism's foremost 
spokesmen in the field of philosophy of 
religion. His latest book. Nine Modern 
Moralists, an examination the moral con- 
cepts of contemporary theologians, has 
just been published by Prentiss-Hall. 
Dr. Ramsay is married to the former 
Effie Register, '37-'38. 

After three years as an official with 
the American Embassy in Madrid, Har- 
ris Collins, '36, will assume his new du- 
ties as Administrative Officer of the 
American Embassy in Ankara, Turkey. 
Between assignments Collins attended 
the National War College in Washing- 
ton, D. C, and graduated in June along 
with Colonel Lewis H. Wilson, '41, of 
the U. S. Marine Corps. The two Mill- 
saps alumni were honored by being se- 
lected to attend the top level school 
for military and diplomatic service of- 
ficers. Only 135 were graduated in the 
June class. 

The Mississippi State Medical Asso- 
ciation has selected Dr. Thomas G. Ross, 
'36, to be the first recipient of the 
Robins Award, established by the Rob- 
ins Pharmaceutical Company to honor 
physicians who render distinguished 
community service. Dr. Ross, whose con- 
tributions were recognized by Millsaps a 
few years ago when he was named 
Alumnus of the Year, has a pi-ivate 
practice in Jackson. 


Dr. John C. Miller, '41, has been nam- 
ed associate professor of English at 
Bridgewater College, Virginia. He will 
go to Bridgewater from the University 
of Alabama, where he served as assis- 
tant professor of English. Dr. and Mrs. 
Miller have two children. 

The Millsaps Chapter of Alpha Epsi- 
lon Delta, premedical honorary, has 
named Dr. Raymond Martin, '42, the 
outstanding alumnus of the chapter for 
the year. Honored along with Martin in 
official ceremonies was Kenneth Faust, 
'40, professor of chemistry at Perk- 

Page Eighteen 

inston Junior College. An item of alumni 
interest is the fact that Garland Hollo- 
man, son of Garland "Bo" Holloman, 
'34, and Bill Kimbrell, son of William 
G. "Billy" Kimbrell, '37, were recog- 
nized as initiates of AED on the same 

When the Jackson Little Theater 
presented the hit Broadway musical 
"The Boy Friend" in the Millsaps Chris- 
tian Center, Tom Spengler, '42, led a 
lineup of Millsaps alumni talent ap- 
pearing in the cast. Spengler played the 
part of Tony, the musical's leading man. 

On June 18 Dr. G. Kinsey Stewart, 
'43-'44, became senior psychologist for 
the recently dedicated Kennedy Child 
Study Center in Santa Monica, Califor- 
nia. Dr. Stewart, who received the Ph.D. 
degree at Tulane, has been serving as 
assistant professor of psychology at 
Louisiana State University in New Or- 
leans. He and Mrs. Stewart, the former 
Marguerite Stanley, '43-'44, '45-'46, have 
three daughters. 

An appointment as public health ad- 
visor with the U. S. Public Health Serv- 
ice has moved Howard G. Hilton, '44-'45, 
'47-'48, and his family to Washington, 
D. C. For mote than seven years prior 
to his appointment he worked with the 
Washtenam County Health Department 
in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Married to the 
former Mary Frances Hollman, he has 
three children. 

G. S. Holcomb, '48, has been named 
manager of the sales and service branch 
of the Atlanta, Georgia, office of Trail- 
mobile, Inc. Mr. Holcomb, who has re- 
ceived the top award for Trailmobile 
salesmen two years consecutively, has 
been national used trailer manager and 
has managed the company's branch at 
Greensboro, North Carolina. 

Charles Darby, '49, has been named 
consultant for the summer on the in- 
structional research staff of the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. A member of the 
Purdue University psychology depart- 
ment. Dr. Darby's Illinois assignment 
will include investigation of student 
perceptions, attitudes and related self- 
reported information. 


The Friendship Press, Inc., has just 
published The Waiting People, a book 
written by Peggy Billings, '50, which 
describes the hopes and sti'uggles of 
Christian young people in Korea, Oki- 
nawa, Taiwain and Hong Kong. After 
her graduation from Millsaps she re- 
ceived her masters degree fi'om Colum- 
bia University and has done graduate 
study at Scarritt College and the Yale 
Institute of Far Eastern Languages. 
For the past ten years Miss Billings has 

served as a missionary in Korea. The 
book is described as raising "profound 
questions for Western Christians." 

After serving for several years as a 
member of Monsanto Chemical Com- 
pany's treasury department credit group, 
Donald S. Ellis, '50, has been appointed 
credit manager for field operations for 
the agricultural chemical division. Mr. 
Ellis lives in St. Louis. 

Featured speaker at the final meeting 
of Alpha Epsilon Delta, this spring was 
Dr. Earl T. Lewis, '50. The Millsaps 
premeds heard Dr. Lewis discuss the 
challenge of clinical research. He ad- 
ministers the clinical research program 
for Mead Johnson and Company. With 
his wife, the former Mary Sue Enochs, 
'51, and two children, he lives in Evans- 
ville, Indiana. 

Duke University officials have an- 
nounced the appointment of Harmon 
L. Smith, Jr., '52, to the position of as- 
sistant professor of Christian Ethics on 
the faculty of the School of Divinity. 
Smith, who received his Ph.D. degree 
from Duke in June, is married to the 
former Bettye Joan Watkins, '52. 

Allie M. Frazier, '53, has been named 
assistant professor and chairman of the 
department of philosophy at Bethany 
College in Bethany, West Virginia. Fra- 
zier will also direct the newly inaugur- 
ated honors program at Bethany. H e 
leaves a position in the philosophy de- 
partment of the University of the Pa- 
cific and expects to receive his Ph.D. 

Dr. Paul Ramsay, '35, right, discusses 
campus changes since his days as a stu- 
dent and teacher at Millsaps with Dr. 
E. S. Wallace, economics professor and 
his immediate successor. 

degree in philosophy from Boston Uni- 
versity this summer. 

"Oklahoma" has been added to the 
illustrious list of musical productions 
staged by Roger Hester, '53. at Pensa- 
cola, Florida, High School. In 1958 he 
began experimentation with a commun- 
ication system which this year allowed 
him to have voice control to every part 
of the stage, cueing each entrance of a 
member of the chorus or cast, corre- 
lating the sound and lighting, passing on 
information to cast and chorus from 
back stage directors, cueing all between 
scene changes and curtains, and direct- 
ing the pianist. 

Captain and Mrs. J. R. "Smoky" 
Broadwater and their children left in 
July for a two year tour of duty in the 
medical service of the U. S. Air Force 
in the Philippines. Dr. Broadwater, '54, 
will be stationed at Clark Air Force 
Base just outside Manila where he will 
serve as Consultant Radiologist for the 
Southeast Asia Command. Mrs. Broad- 
water is the former Maulene Presley, 

1954 graduate of Millsaps College 
will be the new principal of McAdams 
High School in Attala County, Missis- 
sippi. He is Glen Cain, former coach 
and counselor at Chastain Junior High 
School in Jackson. Cain also taught at 
West and Kosciusko. 

Gene Wilkinson, '54, has been named 
chairman of the Civil Service Board of 
the City of Jackson, the youngest per- 
son ever to be appointed to that posi- 
tion. The Jackson attorney was chosen 
Mississippi's Most Outstanding Jaycee 
in 1960 and is currently serving as na- 
tional director of the U. S. Junior Cham- 
ber of Commerce and chairman of the 
local Salk Institute Building Fund ap- 
peal, to name a few of his current ac- 

Another Millsaps graduate has joined 
the growing number of alumni entering 
the field of college teaching. Fred Blu- 
mer, '55, will join the faculty of Ne- 
braska Wesleyan University in Septem- 
ber to teach in the department of re- 
ligion. He will receive his Ph.D. degree 
in systematic theology and the philoso- 
phy of religion from Emory University 
in August. He is married to the former 
Ann Anderson, '56. 

The Civic Woman's Club of Picayune, 
Mississippi, has named Dr. and Mrs. 
Samuel O. Massey and their two chil- 
dren Family of the Year because of 
"their desire to see progress in their 
community, church, and home life." Dr. 
Massey, SS '53, Mrs. Massey (Mary Lynn 
Graves, '55) and their daughters Sheri, 
4, and Sandra, 3, were honored in cere- 
monies held in Picayune in May. The 

Page Nineteen 

citation stated, in part, "the outstand- 
ing, untiring efforts of the Masseys 
were such that no other family could 
compare. . ." Dr. Massey is engaped in 
the private practice of medicine at Pic- 

The Reverend Jerry Triprp, '56, will 
be puttinp the forensic experience he 
gained at Millsaps to very good use on 
July 30 when he meets Meyers G. Low- 
man, of Circuit Riders fame, in a pub- 
lic debate in Jackson. Subiect to be de- 
bated is "Communism in The Methodist 
Church." Trigg is pastor of Caswell 
Springs, Mississippi, Methodist Church. 
He is married to the former Rose Cun- 
ningham, '57. 

Internship at Charity Hospital in New 
Orleans was completed in June for Dr. 
Jeanette Wilkins, '57, who began a resi- 
dency in pediatric pathology at St. Chris- 
topher's Hospital for Children in Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania, in July. Dr. 
Wilkins received her medical degree 
from the Tulane School of Medicine. 

Millsaps College's reputation for thor- 
ough undergraduate preparation in the 
fields of medicine and dentistry is well 
established in this country. Richard L. 
Blount. '58, spread the word a bit fur- 
ther. He spent last fall as an exchange 
student in London's Westminster Hos- 
pital before receiving his M.D. deirree 
from Baylor University School of Med- 
icine in June. He will be interning in 
Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta. 

Almost 18,000 boys and girls will be 
more at home with the written word 
this year because of the efforts of 
Clarence M. Shannon, '54-'5f). Ho has 
been appointed head of the Texas Read- 
ing Club for the Texas State Library, 
the largest of its kind in the nation. 
Shannon is working toward his masters 
degree in counseling and guidance at 
the University of Texas. 

Two graduates have been featured in 
starring roles in theatrical productions 
recently. Clifton Ware, '59, sang the 
romantic lead in the University of South- 
ern Mississippi's Opera Workshop pro- 
duction of "Merry Wives of Windsor." 
Bill Fortenberry, '58-'60, appeared in 
the University of Missouri's presenta- 
tion of "The Lady's Not for Burning." 
Ware will be director of choral music 
at Murrah High School in Jackson this 
fall. Fortenberry is a senior at the 
University of Missouri. Mrs. Ware is the 
former Betty Oldham, '60. 


Recently elected treasurer of the Stu- 
dent Council at the College of the Bible, 
Bill McKnight, '60, is serving the Monte- 
ray, Kentucky, Christian Church. Mrs. 
McKnight is the former Sue Belle Rob- 
erts, '60. 

Dr. George W. Boyd, chairman of the 
Department of English, has been elected 
president of the Southern Literary Fes- 
tival Association. Dr. Boyd will preside 
when the annual meeting is held next 
spring on the Millsaps College campus. 

A Millsaps College faculty member 
has been elected to membership in Phi 
Beta Kappa, national honorary liberal 
arts fraternity. Player E. Cook, instruc- 
tor of mathematics, was named to the 
select group of scholars because of su- 
perior work at the Kansas University 
graduate school. 

Paul D. Hardin, '35, registrar and di- 
rector of admissions, and a member of 
the English department's faculty, has 
returned from a visit of several weeks 
in England and Scotland. A leisurely tour 
of the well known places of interest, 
visits with friends, and excursions to the 

If you're planning to fly Trans-World 
Airlines this fall or later you may find a 
bit of Millsaps aboard. Harley Harris, 
'62, has qualified as a stewardess and 
will be on duty after a period of train- 
ing in August. Her year in France on 
the Millsaps-Southwestern-Sewanee Jun- 
ior Year Abroad program helped land 
the job. She hopes to be assigned to the 
"around the world" flight. 

Mary Mills, '62, perennial winner of 
the state amateur women's golf crown 
in Mississippi, is continuing to perform 
like a champion since joining the ranks 
of the professional golfers this year. 
Her most recent success: a very good 
performance in June in the Women's 
Open Golf Tournament at Myrtle Beach, 
South Carolina. Those who know golf 
say she will be a national golfing figure 
in the not-too-distant future. Local 
sports editor Carl Walters writes: 
"When it comes to tee shots she already 
ranks with the best with only Mickey 
Wright consistently longer with her 
drives." Miss Mills majored in philoso- 

The Macon Beacon, Macon, Mississip- 
pi, weekly, carried an announcement in 
a recent issue which read "rachel peden, 
artist, Studio and Gallery, Open Mon- 
day through Friday." Miss Peden, a 1962 
graduate, was in demand on campus and 
in the community-at-large because of 
her unusual talent as an artist and cre- 
ative writer. 

lesser known countryside made the ex- 
perience a memorable one. 

Virginia Polytechnic Institute con- 
fered the Ph.D. degree upon Samuel R. 
Knox at its June commencement exer- 
cises. Dr. Knox, a member of the fac- 
ulty since 1949, is chairman of the de- 
partment of mathematics. 

Misfortune came to Miss Annie Les- 
ter, '15, part time instructor of mathe- 
matics, in April when she slipped on 
steps in an ante bellum home and broke 
her ankle. She has been confined to her 
home since the accident, but she should 
be fully recovered by the end of the 

Mrs. Gladys Crafton and Dr. Richard 
R. Priddy were married in Indianapolis, 
Indiana, on June 9. Dr. Priddy has 
served as chairman of the department 
of geology at Millsaps College since the 
1946 session. 

Frederick L. Whitam, '54, has been 
awarded a dissertation year fellowship 
by the Southern Fellowship Fund, an 
agency of the Council of Southern Uni- 
versities, Incorporated. He will con- 
tinue his work toward the Ph.D. degree 
at Indiana University. Part of the year 
will be spent in research in New York 
City. Whitam has served as assistant 
professor of sociology for the past three 

Hanne Brit Aurbakken, '62, to Sydney 
Ross Jones, '62. Living in Jackson. 

Karen Kern Beshear, '62, to Robert 
Day Sartin, '52-'56, '58-'59. 

Carolyn Lee Bianca to John Thomas 
Ray, Jr., '60. Living in Indianola, Mis- 

Patricia Maurine Buford, '62, to Joe 
Rhett Mitchell, '62. Attending the Uni- 
versity of Hawaii this summer. 

Julia May Garland, '62, to Elbert 
Charles Wallace, '61. Living in Durham, 
North Carolina. 

Frances Jeannette Hegwood, current 
student, to Charles Joseph Becker, Jr., 
'62. Living in Jackson. 

Linda Sue Jenkins, '62, to William 
Whitfield McKinley, '61. Living in Mem- 
phis, Tennessee. 

Page Twenty 

Nieoletta Lambropouloub, '59-'60, to 
Constantinos Malissaris. Living in Jack- 

Cassie Lynn Land to David Ivan Carl- 
son, '59. 

Mary Glynn Lott, '60, to Jon Belton 
Walters, '57-'60. Living in Princeton, 
New Jersey. 

Frances Faye McCharen, '58-'59, to 
William Benjamin Milligan, Jr. Living 
in Jackson. 

Ann Ethel Mayberry, '62, to Winfred 
Blake Harrison, '61. Living in Jackson. 

Nancy Sue Norton, '60-'62, to Clyde 
Russell Allen, Jr., '59-'62. Living in 

Patricia Jeanne Patrick, '54, to Wil- 
liam H. Phillips, Jr. Living in Jackson. 

Gloria Vinson Rodgers, '56-'58, to Hen- 
ry Curtis Williams. Living in Jackson. 

Sandra Parker Rube, current student, 
to Robert Hugh Allen, '62. Living in 

Patricia Ann Sheldon to Harry C. 
Strauss, '61. Living in University, Mis- 

Mary Lillian Sink, '60-'61, to Robert 
J. Cochran. Living in Biloxi. 

Betty Jean Smith, '60, to John Robsrt 
Taylor. Living in Nevir Orleans. 

Dorothy Jo Smith to Roy Lamar An- 
trim, '59-'60. Living in Jackson. 

Esther Smith to Robert Gerald Bry- 
ant, '57. Living in Jackson. 

Bethany Stockett, '58-'60, to Howard 
E. Boone, Jr. Living in Jackson. 

Patricia Webb Thompson, '62, to 
Wayne L. Wilson. Living in Greenwood, 

Annette Wall to Billy Dowdle, '53-'56. 
Living in Orlando, Florida. 

(Children listed in this column must 
be under one year of age. Please report 
births promptly to assure publication.) 

Mark O'Neil Alford, born June 11 
to Mr. and Mrs. Flavius Alford (Mary 
Ann O'Neil, '53), of Houston, Mississip- 
pi. Annette, 7, and Frank, 5, complete 
the family. 

Kathryn Andrea Berkman, born May 
26 to Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Berkman 

(Nancy Hertz, '57-'60), of Vernon, Tex- 

Kevin Lee Bouchillon, born May 4 to 
Mr. and Mrs. Larry L. Bouchillon (Mar- 
tha Ann Eldridge, '61), of Jackson. 

Lisa Claire Catledge, born to Mr. and 

BIrs. Charles N. Catledge (June Stell- 
wagon), '56 and '57, on December 4. The 
Catledges live in Jackson. 

Mark Etheridge, born in October. '61, 
to Mr. and Mrs. Franklin Kendall Eth- 
ridge (Beverly Hamblin), 'oS-'oT and 
'58, of Jackson. 

Sarah Lynn Hamilton, born Feb- 
ruary 14 to Mr. and Mrs. Joshua P. Ham- 
ilton (Judy Jones, '5S-'59). of Texas 
City, Texas. 

Josie Ann Holden, 13 months, adonted 
by Mr. and Mrs. James D. Holden (Joan 
Wilson, '54), of Denver, Colorado, on 
March 16. 

Pamela Ann Kern, born April 16 to 
the Reverend and Mrs. Paul Kern, of 
Carthage, Mississippi. Mr. Kern is a '57 

George Paul Koribanic, Jr., born 
March 17 to Mr. and Mrs. George Paul 
Koribanic (Helen Minyard, '47), of Levit- 
town, Pennsylvania. A sister, Carole, 
41,2, completes the family. 

Amye Paige McConaughy, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Paul D. McConaughy (Wilda 
George, '57), of Skillman, New Jersey 
on August 9. 

Alan Hardy Nail, born April 25 to 
the Reverend and Mrs. Hardy Nail (Ivy 
Wallace), '56 and '55, of Indianapolis, 

Mary Louise O'Neil, born May 7 to 
the Reverend and Mrs. Arthur M. O'Neil, 
Jr., of Atlanta, Georgia. She was wel- 
comed by Julie, 3, and Art, 2. The Rev- 
erend O'Neil graduated in 1954. 

Harry Wayne Porter, born February 
7 to Mr. and Mrs. Harry Porter, Jr., 
(Wanda Faye Wenger, '60), of New 
London, Connecticut. 

Katherine Reilly Sandberg, born Feb- 
ruary 26 to Mr. and Mrs. Philip Sand- 
berg (Helen Reilly, '57), of Granhall- 
svagen, Stocksund, Sweden. 

Sharon Ann Skinner, born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Albert C. Skinner (Ann Hutchins, 
'57-'59), of Porterville, California, on 
March 18. 

James Cristopher Wible, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. James H. Wible (Letitia Whit- 
ten) '58-'6l and '61, of Memphis, Ten- 

Amy Lorraine Yonker. born May 25 
to Mr. and Mrs. Myron William Yonker, 
Jr. (Mary Emilia Weber, '53), of St. 
Charles, Illinois. She was welcomed by 
a brother, Michael, and sister, Michelle. 

Ju iUpiiinrtam 

This column is dedicated to the mem- 
ory of graduates, former students, and 
friends who have passed away in recent 
months. Every effort has been made to 
compile an accurate list, but there will 
be unintentional omissions. Your help 
is solicited in order that we may make 
the column as complete as possible. 
Those whose memory we honor are as 

Merritt Harland Brooks, '36, Com- 
missioner of the Department of Public 
Welfare for the State of Mississippi, 
who died May 14. He was a resident of 

Dr. William G. Burks, '25-'27, who died 
June 30. He was chairman of the de- 
partment of foreign languages at the 
University of Southern Mississippi. 

Frances Westgate Butterfield, Whit- 
worth '14, who died May 18 after an ill- 
ness of several months. She was living 
in Brookhaven, Mississippi, at the time 
of her death. 

Mrs. C. F. Cooper, hostess in the wom- 
ens' dormitory for over 35 years, who 
died June 26. She was a resident of 

Louise E. Crane, '04, who died in 
June. She lived in Jackson. 

Daley Crawford, '22, who died May 3. 
She had recently moved to Laurel, Mis- 
sissippi, after a long residence in Chi- 

William Moore Lauderdale, '38, who 
died June 18 following a heart attack. 
He was editor of the Brookhaven Lead- 

C. M. Ray, '19-'20, who died in June. 
He was a resident of Verona, Mississippi. 

H. Clay Roberts, Jr., '15-'16, who died 
April 5 after a short illness. He was 
engaged in the insurance business in 

Mrs. John Walmsley (Edith Kemp, 
Grenada), who died on March 9. She 
was a resident of Memphis. 

Page Twenty-One 

Do You Remember? 

Even if you don't remember the reason for the picture 
above, you're bound to remember the people, whatever your 
year or era. 

In the center are Dr. N. Bond Fleming, Dr. A. G. 
Sanders, and Dr. A. P. Hamilton. To the right there's 
Paul D. Hardin And on the left are Frances Shelton, former 
bookkeeper, and Dr. T. L. Reynolds, former chairman of 
the mathematics department. 

And you will remember the year. At Millsaps it was 
the year that a new president was inaugurated. Big cere- 
monies were held on the campus on October 29-30 as Homer 
Ellis Finger, Jr., assumed the responsibility of guiding 
the state's foremost liberal arts college. In the next few 
years the College was to see its biggest enrollments, its most 
extensive construction programs, and a broadening of its 
academic program. 

The way for much of this was paved by another in- 
novation of that year: the addition to the staff of a full- 
time alumni and public relations director who made everyone 
— alumni and general public — more aware of the value of 
Millsaps and its contributions to city and state. 

In a political science department poll 130 students de- 
clared themselves for Eisenhower, 130 were Stevenson back- 
ers, and four were undecided. 

It was the year the Majors beat the Choctaws 21-20, 
the Singers and Pop King toured to Denver, and the Mill- 
saps Players presented "Death of a Salesman," "Liliom," 
and "The Philadelphia Story." It was Lance Goss' third 
year as director of the Players, and it was a big year. The 
Bobashela of the year before came out, finally, in Novem- 

The college had its own radio show on a local station, 
and a movie about the College was made. 

The Purple and White was edited during the first se- 
mester by a young man who knew he was in the right place 
in a newspaper office. Van Cavett has continued his career 
in journalism and is now with the Chattanooga Times. Sec- 
ond semester his place was filled by Eddie Gossard. 

It was the year that someone told the newspapers that 
Communist literature was being freely distributed on the 
Millsaps campus. The reaction of the students was mainly 
amusement, mixed with a little sarcasm as journalists told 
of looking for pamphlets that weren't there. 

The faculty presented "Three Wise Fools," and an alert 
cameraman caught the picture above. It was the year 1953. 

Page Twenty-Two 

One Man's Opinion 

J.n these days of superlatives when 
man contemplates the vastness of space 
and the great chasms in human rela- 
tions which must be bridged if he is 
to remain an inhabitant of this planet, 
it helps restore perspective when 
thoughts can occasionally be directed to 
the routine and commonplace. 

Take the matter of campus sidewalks, 
for instance. There's nothing urgent or 
earth shaking about sidewalks on a col- 
lege campus, but you'd probably agree 
that they extend themselves into our 
memories of earlier days and affect 
the present in a very positive way. 

Someone has said that the vidse man 
will wait for the paths the students 
make and then build the sidewalks. 
That's pretty sound advice. 

In any event, Business Manager J. W. 
Wood has found it to be a workable 
policy. Remember the walk which runs 
by the side of Murrah and across the 
drive to Buie Gymnasium ? A goodly 
number of you -will. Because of heavy 
traffic to the air conditioned grill, it 
has become double lane, joining a "su- 
per sidewalk" coming down from the 
side entrance to Sullivan Harrell. Alum- 
ni of recent vintage may be interested 
to learn that women students have worn 
a path from the dormitories and the 
Music Hall to the walk between the 
gymnasium and Murrah. 

• Early in the history of the College 
such names as William Belton Murrah 
and Charles Betts Galloway were writ- 
ten beside Rueben Webster Millsaps as 
men who built wisely and well, with 
faith in the future and a confidence in 
the wisdom of their successors. Among 
the faculty, in the president's office, 
and among the trustees there have been 
others whose work has helped fashion 
the institution of quality and integrity 
which Millsaps College has become. 

Two names must be added to the list 
of those who have invested their lives 
to assure the greatness of the College. 
They are Robert L. Ezelle, Sr., and A. 
Boyd Campbell, '10. 

Before his death in January of this 
year, Mr. Ezelle gave of himself in un- 
selfish devotion to Millsaps College. As 
chairman of the Board of Trustees, he 
furnished leadership which gave direc- 
tion to the institution in times of crisis 
and figured prominently in assuring the 
maintenance of standards of excellence 
and integrity. 

And now A. Boyd Cambell has retired 
as treasurer of the College after more 
than 30 years of outstanding service. 
His sound advice and superior business 
acumen gave stability to the College 
across the years, and his untiring ef- 
forts in behalf of his Alma Mater will 
long be remembered. 

• Despite the definite trend in enroll- 
ment away from the institutions inde- 
pendent of state control, Mrs. Henry 
Pate (Glenn Phifer, '40) announced that 
dormitories for women were full for the 
1962-63 session on March 10 and wait- 
ing lists had reached their limit. No 
more applications from out-of-town girls 
were taken after that date. 

• Millsaps College has lost two of its 
best loved and most highly respected 
faculty members to other institutions. 
Dr. James S. Ferguson, '37, dean of the 
College, and Dr. N. Bond Fleming, chair- 
man of the department of philosophy, 
will be missing from the faculty roster 
when the fall session opens. 

Jimmy Ferguson's association with 
Millsaps began when he entered as a 
freshman in 1933. As a student he 
showed the ability as a leader and schol- 
ar which would in 1944 bring him back 
to his Alma Mater as professor of his- 
tory and in 1954 make him the choice of 
the administration and trustees as a 
replacement for Dean W. E. Reicken, 
when illness forced his retirement. 

Eloquent testimony to the special gifts 
he brought to the position was given by 
500 students who crowded the cafeteria 
to pay tribute to him in a special pro- 
gram when they learned he would be 
leaving. He was a friend to colleagues, 
students, and staff members alike. His 
superior ability as a teacher and an 
administrator and his feeling for his 
fellowman have won him a place in the 
hearts of those who knew and respected 

Bond Fleming came to Millsaps in 
1945 when the now legendary J. Reese 
Linn retired, and he brought with him 
a genius for teaching which has touch- 
ed the lives of hundreds of students. His 
ability to "strike the spark" which in- 
spired the student to seek and discover 
became a part of the Millsaps tradition. 

He has given of himself wholeheart- 
edly to Millsaps College and to the stu- 
dents who were committed to his tute- 

Fortunately, great teaching will con- 
tinue at Millsaps because capable schol- 
ars remain. Some have long years of 
service and others are recent additions 
to the faculty. Because of the reputa- 
tion the College has for excellence, for 
academic freedom, and because the lead- 
ership of the College has taken into ac- 
count the economic facts of life, it has 
been able to attract competent teachers 
with the capacity for greatness. 

But good teachers are hard to find, 
and business, industry, and government 
have considered the college classroom 
a prime recruitment area. So competi- 
tion for good teachers among colleges 
and universities is becoming intense and 
will become more so. 

• The Ford Foundation announced re- 
cently that it had set aside $100,000,000 
for the support of independent liberal 
arts colleges in order that the institu- 
tions selected as recipients might be- 
come centers of excellence in their re- 

Named to receive the first grants 
were the following colleges: Carleton, 
Goucher, Grinnell, Hofstra, Reed, Swath- 
more, Wabash, and Wellesly. 

It is most significant that the cri- 
teria given by the Foundation for eli- 
gibility for these grants included (1) 
strong interest and support on the part 
of alumni; (2) strong trustee and pres- 
idential leadership; (3) a tradition of 
scholarship; (4) a well-developed plan 
to improve liberal education. 

With this in mind we examined the 
Council for Financial Aid to Education's 
report of voluntary support for Ameri- 
ca's colleges and universities for 1960- 
61. Franklin College, of Ohio, listed $1, 
243,294 as contributed during the year 
by alumni to lead in the amount given. 
Millikin College, of Illinois, achieved 
75% participation by its alumni body 
during the year 1960-61. The same year 
Millsaps alumni gave $30,402 through 
the Alumni Fund, and about $10,000 to 
other categories. Our percentage of 
alumni giving reached about 16%. About 
one out of every four persons with a de- 
gree gave to the College during the 1960- 
61 session. 

One educator turned corporation ex- 
ecutive recently predicted that four out 
of every five colleges independent of 
state control will close its doors by 
1975 if they fail to receive greatly in- 
creased voluntary support. — JJL 

Page Twenty-Three 

Homecoming Is October 13 


1938 (Twenty-fifth 



1913 (Fiftieth) 







Tentative Schedule of Events 


V n. 

^^ .-I 

-O 43 M 

o (1) m 

T3 1) .-I 

!-. rr, 

10 (/) •■-• 

TS ai 

!- .-J 

•-< <L. 

••-' >> rt 

•"i S O 

• CI '> 

:2 f-i ^} 

Student Variety Show 
President's Reception 
Alumnus of the Year Award 
Homecoming Banquet 
Millsaps-Southwestern Football Game 

Plan Now To Attend 


y ♦ 

fall, 1962 


A newcomer to the Millsaps Col- 
lege faculty commented a short time 
after his arrival, "This is a remark- 
^^^^ able college com- 
^^^Kjt^ m u n i t y." He had 
^H^^^^ft been on the campus 
^^L^ 1 long enough to have 
^f^^\ <•? some strong impres- 
^V A_ sions. The alumni, 

^K ^-^ the faculty and ad- 

^^^^^^ ministration, and 

^^^^^^^ other friends have 

consistently felt that 
H. E. Finger, Jr. the College is re- 
spected and esteemed. We are reas- 
sured to have our sentiments confirmed 
by objective observers. 

Our new colleague did not elabo- 
rate on his comments. It is to be 
hoped that he and other new instruc- 
tors will be favorably impressed 
with the atmosphere, the climate, the 
tone of the campus. Millsaps College, 
as an integral part of the Christian 
church, as an educational institution 
of higher learning, as a proud heir 
to and a responsible part of the 
American heritage, has encouraged 
freedom of inquiry, of examination, 
of debate. At the same time, the Col- 
lege has been equally insistent upon 
its obligations and the obligations of 
its students to provide substantial 
leadership for stability, progress and 
enlightenment. These two character- 
istics — commitment to freedom and 
sensitiveness to responsibility — are 
essential parts of the same virtue. 
To give substance to this virtue, 
the College continues to bring to its 
faculty men and women of recognized 
promise and established competence, 
with a devotion to Liberal Arts edu- 
cation offered within the Christian 

Our new instructor was struck, how- 
ever, not alone by the atmosphere on 
the campus and by the calibre of 
faculty associates, but by the ser- 
iousness of many students. Here are 
young men and women, many of 
them, intent upon pushing themselves 
for as much learning in depth as an 
undergraduate can secure. 

A good atmosphere for study and 
exploration, competent instructors to 
charge it, and eager minds among 
the student enrollees — this package is 
what makes a remarkable college 

Alumni are vital forces in perpet- 
uating such "remarkableness." You 
interpret for other friends the role 
and mission of a Liberal Arts college. 
You assist the College in its efforts to 
maintain sound instruction. You 
send us serious students. You are 
yourselves a major cause of the Col- 
lege's being considered remarkable. 


millsaps college alumni magazine 
fall, 1962 


College, Whitworth College, Millsaps 

MEMBER: American Alumni Council 
American College Public Relations As 


2 From the President 

3 Millsaps 1962 

4 Events of Note 

5 Religions Dimensions in Modern Drama 
11 Alumni Fund Report 

22 Major Miscellany 

24 From This Day 
Future Alumni 

25 Alumnus Letter 
In Memoriam 

27 Beloved Professor Dies 

28 Calendar of Events 


Beauty is interpreted by the camera of Dudley Crawford, '64, wh( 
caught the tradition and anonymity of the annual Bobashela Parad 
of Beauties in this silhouette composition. 


Jane Petty, Editor 

James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni Association 

Photography by Dudley Crawford, '64, and Maynard Hacker, '64 

Volume 4 

October, 1962 


Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson, Mississippi. 
Entered as second class matter on October 15, 1959, at the Post 
Office in Jackson, Mississippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

196 2 

. . . a season for knowledge, 
a time for ideas... 

Education is the leading of human souls 
to what is best, and making what is 
best out of them; and these two 
objects are always attainable together 
and bv the same means. The training 
which makes men happiest in 
themselves also makes them most 
serviceable to others. 

—John Ruskin 

. . a moment for memory, 
at homecoming, and alumni 
challenge for the future 

Yoiu- one care should be 

that faith may increase, 

whether it be trained 

by works or by sufferings. 

Give your gifts freelv and 

for nothing, that others 

may profit by them and 

fare well because of you 

and your goodness. In this 

way you shall be trulv 

good and Christian. 

—Martin Luther 

Events of Note 


Twelve new faculty members were 
welcomed to the Millsaps College 
community this fall, and three mem- 
bers returned from leaves of absence. 

Beginning their first year at Mill- 
saps were Richard Alderson, instruc- 
tor of music; William A. Bolick, in- 
structor of psychology; Mrs. Dorothy 
Eady Brown, assistant librarian; Dr. 
Gordon G. Henderson, associate pro- 
fessor of political science; Leonard 
H. Jordan, Jr., instructor of sociol- 
ogy; William McGill, visiting profes- 
sor of philosophy; James P. Mc- 
Keown, instructor of biology; Mrs. 
Donald Rawson, instructor of math- 
ematics; Jesse O. Snowden, Jr., instruc- 
tor of geology. 

Three others were announced in 
the spring issue of the magazine: 
Dr. Richard Berry, assistant profes- 
sor of chemistry; William D. Dupes, 
assistant professor of physical edu- 
cation; William R. Hendee, assistant 
professor of physics. 

Degrees obtained by the new teach- 
ers are as follows: 

Alderson — B. A., Millsaps, will re- 
ceive M. A. from Southern Methodist 

Bolick — B. A., and M. A., University 
of Mississippi. 

Brown— B. A., Millsaps, M. S., Flor- 
ida State University. 

Henderson— B. A., M. A., Ph. D., 
Columbia University. 

Jordan — B. A., Millsaps, M. A., 
Louisiana State University. 

McGill— B. A., Wake Forest, M. A., 
Vanderbilt, work on doctorate, Boston 

McKeown — B. S., University of the 
South, M. S., University of Mississip- 

Rawson — B. S., M.S.C.W., M.S., 
Northwestern Louisiana State College. 

Snowden— B. A., Millsaps, M. S., 
University of Missouri, work on doc- 
torate, University of Missouri. 

Returning from leaves of absence 
were Edward M. Collins, assistant 
professor of speech, acting director of 
development; Dr. John Guest, associate 
professor of German; Dr. Robert E. 
Bergmark, associate professor of phil- 
osophy; and Dr. Samuel R. Knox, pro- 
fessor of mathematics. 

Four members of the Millsaps fac- 
ulty are taking leaves of absence this 
year. They are Mrs. Magnolia Coul- 
let, associate professor of Latin and 
German; Wendell Johnson, assistant 
professor of geology; Dr. Russell Lev- 
anway, professor of psychology; and 
Porter Ward, associate professor of 

biology. Mrs. Coullet 
University of Paris, 
graduate study on 
the Missouri School 
anway is engaged in 
for the Mississippi 
mission. Ward is eng 
the Ph.D. degree in 

will study at the 
Johnson is doing 
his doctorate at 
of Mines. Lev- 
special research 
Research Com- 
aged in study for 

C. R. Ridgway, second from left, is congratulated on his alumnus-of-the-year 
award by Fred Ezelle, alumni association president; H. E. Finger, Jr., Millsaps 
president; Tommy McHorse, president of the student body. 


C. R. R i d g w a y received the 
Alumnus-of-the-Year Award at the an- 
nual Homecoming banquet in recogni- 
tion of "outstanding service to college, 
capital gifts campaign for the College 
church, and community." 

A native Jacksonian, Ridgway has 
furnished leadership for numerous 
community causes and has served 
Galloway Memorial Methodist Church 
and Millsaps College in key positions 
for many years. He was graduated 
from Millsaps in 1935 and received 
his LLB degree from the Jackson 
School of Law in 1937. He is a Jack- 
son real estate executive. 

He is a member of the Board of 
Trustees of Millsaps and has served 
as chairman of the Millsaps Associ- 
ates. His leadership in the current 
capital gifts campaign for the college 
has been described by officials as 

The citation, read at the Home- 
coming Banquet by Student Body 
President Tommy McHorse, said in 
part: "Tonight we honor a man who 
understands and appreciates the con- 
tributions of his Alma Mater, who is 
devoted to his church, and who loves 
his fellowman. 

"Positions on such organizations as 
his city's School Board, YMCA boards, 
and others have earned for him the 
gratitude of citizens of all ages, races, 
and faiths." 

Ridgway is married to the former 
Sara Maud Raney of Meridian. The 
couple has four children: Sara, 18; 
Charles Robert, Jr., 16; Rose Marie, 
10; and Richard Lewis, 8. 

Recipients of the Millsaps award 
in recent years include A. Boyd 
Campbell, 1961; Nat S. Rogers, 1960; 
W. M. Buie, 1959; Dr. T. G. Ross, 
1958; Roy C. Clark, 1957. 

(Continued on Page 26) 

Religious Dimensions 

In Modern Drama 


It is particularly fitting that this talk on modern 
drama should be the last in this series on religious dimen- 
sions in modern art forms, not because 1 intend to sum- 
marize formally all that has been said by the various 
speakers, but because drama itself is a comprehensive 
and eclectic art form which is affected by and which re- 
flects all of man's actions — particularly his spiritual ac- 
tions, of which the arts are primary manifestations. Drama 
is "an imitation of human life and actions," Aristotle said 
long ago, and consequently modern drama records the 
same awareness and insights of modern man that the 
other arts record: his joys, his griefs, his perplexities. 
But in addition to this matter of content, the drama can 
and does make use of the very forms and techniques of 
the other arts in structuring its complex image of human 

Drama is not simply exchange of words, dialogue. It 
consists of imitation of action — physical, verbal, and 
spiritual action — in the mode of action, that is, by means 
of actual representation of actions before a spectator. The 
drama in its total effect uses many modes besides words 
to convey its image of life and action: it uses particularly 
gesture, the art of miming; it uses principles of design 
and composition in its arrangement of the characters on 
the stage, in its setting, and in its costumes — that is, in 
he total visual aspect of the performance; and finally it uses 
music, certainly in the rhythms and patterning of the 
speeches (some of the Irish plays of Synge and other 
dialect plays make us particularly aware of this element 
which is in all drama), but it may also make use of actual 

Editor's Note: Robert H. Padgett is assistant 
professor of English at Millsaps. His hours away 
from the classroom are spent as adviser to the 
Writers' Club, the Cultural and Educational Com- 
mittee, and as a coordinator for the upcoming 
Southern Literary Festival. He did his under- 
graduate work at Texas Christian University and 
earned his MA degree at Vanderbilt. He is pre- 
sently working on his Ph. D. degree from Vander- 

song: we know this best nowadays in musical comedy 
(where it may or may not be relevant to the drama), but 
it is also used by serious social playwrights like the Ger- 
man Bertolt Brecht and others as well. All of the arts 
discussed in this series — the visual arts, music, poetry — 
and others can and do converge in drama. I emphasize 
this aspect of drama for two reasons: first, modern dra- 
matists and directors have been particularly aware of the 
collaborative effects possible among the arts, and they 
have shaped their works in what often seem to us on 
the page strange or skimpy fashions because of this knowl- 
edge of theatrical possibilities; second, and quite serious- 
ly, I would like to suggest that Lance Goss and the Mill- 
saps Players can convey to you more about the religious 
dimensions in modern drama in one evening of such fine 
productions as The Browning Version and The Zoo 
Story or the upcoming The Madwoman of Chaillot 
than I can ever do in talking about plays in the abstract, 
for these modern plays were meant to be experienced 
as theatrical wholes, not read, and certainly not analyzed, 
in partial form on the written page. 

What then can I convey about religious dimensions 
in modern drama in a talk like this? Is this hour an entire 
waste of talking around and about a subject that could 
best be conveyed in a more pleasant fashion? Not entire- 
ly, I hope. I can do two things this morning, I think. First, 
I want to suggest something about the present status of 
the theatre with regard to religious issues, and, second, I 
want to trace how some of the currents of thought of 
the last one hundred years have conjoined with certain 
inherent qualities of drama itself to shape the present 
state of affairs. My thesis can be stated very briefly: the 
theatre of the Western world is producing today what is 
probably the most seriously committed and explicit re- 
ligious drama the world has seen since the beginning of 
the seventeenth century. 

I base this statement not upon the fact that world 
movie markets, with Hollywood leading the list, seem to 
be determined to drown us in endless spectaculars like 
"King of Kings," nor upon the recent announcement — or 







Scene from this season's 

'Madwoman of Chaillot," the Giradoux comedy presented by the Millsaps Players. 

— Photo by Frank Hains 

perhaps "threat" might be more apt — that the Italian pro- 
ducer Dino de Laurentis has set about filming the entire 
Bible in a work to be played in its entirety over a three- 
to-four-day period. Such phenomena indicate only that 
ostensibly (and often speciously) religious themes are good 
box-office, make money — news that is hardly novel to 
listeners in a part of the country where the name of the 
Almighty will, even must, be invoked by almost every 
politician on almost any side of an issue if he is to guar- 
antee his future bread and butter. 

Two lesser known facts seem to me of more immediate 
relevance to the assertion that we have today the most 
vital and vigorous religious drama since the seventeenth 
century. The first of these phenomena is the renewal 
of interest in drama by the Protestant churches in Amer- 
ica and England. For almost the first time since the early 
middle ages, it is becoming commonplace to present a re- 
ligious play inside the church itself, as a part of or in 
place of a regular worship service. And often now these 
are not amateur renderings of biblical subject matter for 
amateur actors, not works created for special seasonal 
activities like Christmas or Easter or playlets worked up 
for the benefit of new choir robes, but professional plays 
written by eminent playwrights and sometimes produced 
by a professional cast. For example, since the late 1920's 
Canterbury Cathedral in England has regularly commis- 
sioned plays for the Canterbury Festival and has pro- 
duced, among other notable works, T. S. Eliot's Murder 
in the Cathedral and Christopher Fry's The Firstborn, 
both of which have been widely and successfully performed 
throughout the world on professional stages as well as in 
churches. The movement to encourage the writing of re- 
ligious dramas has been particularly strong in England and 
resulted in the founding of the Religious Drama Society 
in 1950. A similar movement has been forming in this 
country, particularly over the last ten years, and has so 
far produced numerous workshops for the production of 
religious drama — some of you have attended them, per- 
haps — as well as courses in religious drama and literature 
at Union Theological Seminary, Boston University, Drew 
University, Chicago University Theological School, and 
others. At Dennison University there is an undergraduate 
course in Religious Drama which covers the aesthetic 

and theological viewpoints in twenty plays by authors 
like Shaw, Sartre, Eliot, Auden, Fry, and Brecht. There 
are available as well companies of professional actors 
who tour a repertory of religious plays under the spon- 
sorship of church agencies. 

This present situation of rapprochement between the 
churches and professional drama is encouraging, but it is 
unusual and so far too short lived to judge its full mean- 
ing for either the church or the modern drama. Since the 
sixteenth century the usual attitude of organized Protes- 
tant religion — or at least of a vocal segment of it — toward 
the drama has been one of watchdog aloofness or open 
antagonism — antagonism so fierce, indeed, that in Eng- 
land it closed the theatres for eighteen years in 1642 (and 
effectively cut off the modern English theatre from any 
living traditions of the Shakespearian theatre); then again,, 
fifty years later, it so effectively attacked what it called | 
"the immorality and profaneness" of the Restoration dra-" 
ma (which had renewed itself with French and Spanish i 
traditions) that the English stage became overwhelmed I 
for nearly two centuries with sentimental images of un- 
tried virtue rewarded and vague vice punished in clock- 
work fashion. In short, with rare exceptions like Fielding! 
and Sheridan, the English stage became hesitant to deal i 
with controversial or even significant subjects in more 
than superficial fashion; it became a theatre of compla- 
cency and reassurance designed to present the audience 
an image of what it wished to be as if it were an image 
of itself as it was in actuality. 

The complex series of responses among playwrights 
to such a theatre of complacency and reassurance leads us 
to a consideration of the second phenomenon which en- 
courages me to think there is a seriously committed re- 
ligious drama today. During the past fifteen to twenty 
years a mushrooming number of dramatists from various 
parts of Europe, England, and the United States have 
devoted themselves with exciting theatrical imagination to 
raising and probing fundamental questions about man's 
identity, man's relationship to his universe and to God. 
Most of these new talents are disturbing, even shocking; 
most of them are not committed to any form of Christian- 
ity or even to any particular world view; but most of them 
are seriously formulating questions about the human con- 


dition which audiences find compelling and important. 
Most of their plays, as one critic has put it, "are barely 
disguised outcries for the presence of meaning: we want 
to know, they say, what it is of which we are bereaved; 
we want to recover some principle or magnetic and co- 
hesive force which might bind us and make the world 
ivhole or real to us again. The exploration of nothingness 
which constitutes the 'argument' of most of these plays 
is an oblique quest for something approximating a lost 
Dr abandoned truth."' These plays, which are often 
grouped under the general heading of the Theatre of the 
f\.bsurd, embody, another critic says, "a symptom of what 
probably comes nearest to being genuine religious quest 
in our age: an effort, however timid and tentative, to 
;ing, to laugh, to weep — and to growl — if not in praise 
Df God (whose name . . . has for so long been degraded 
oy usage that it has lost its meaning), at least in search 
3f a dimension of the Ineffable; an effort to make man 
aware of the ultimate realtities of his condition, to instill 
in him again the lost sense of cosmic wonder and primeval 
anguish, to shock him out of an existence that has be- 
;ome trite, mechanical, complacent, and deprived of the 
iignity that comes of awareness.'" 

The clue to the common link between the two phe- 
lomena I have mentioned — the renewal of interest in 
Irama by the churches and the renewal of interest in 
fundamental religious questions by modern playwrights — 
lies in a series of closely interrelated questions raised 
luring the last one hundred years about the nature of 
drama, the nature of man, the nature of reality, and the 
nature of language. 

By the nineteenth century the Aristotelian conception 
oi drama as "an imitation of an action or of human life" 
had generally come to be interpreted to mean an imita- 
tion of the everyday realities of middle-class life, or 
perhaps more accurately, an imitation of what the middle- 
:lass wished to conceive itself and its life to be. 
Dramatists had fashioned a drama of complacency and 
reassurance, as I have indicated. As Thornton Wilder put 
it, "Audiences thronged to melodrama (which deals with 
tragic possibilities in such a way that you know from the 
beginning that all will end happily) and to sentimental 
Irama (which accords a total license to the supposition 
that the wish is father to the thought) and to comedies 
in which the characters were so represented that they 
always resembled someone else and not oneself."^* Jacques 
3uicharnaud describes a similar situation in nineteenth- 
century France: 

The tradesman who spent his time developing 
commerce or avoiding bankruptcy or quite simply 
in arranging a good marriage for his daughter 
did not like the fact that the contrast of Phedre's 
passion (in Racine's classical tragedy) or Poly- 
eucte's martyrdom (in Corneille's) relegated his 
particular values to the background. The merchant 
who attended a performance of Phedre was in 
great danger of wondering whether his trading 
was worthy of quite so much effort and of ques- 
tioning the meaning of his life— in short, of suf- 

To avoid such "suffering," such "questioning," he helped 
llevelop and supported a theatre which seemed to create 
m image of his own everyday world, but was really such 
1 world purged of serious threats of passion, which he 
iistrusted. Such a theatre, designed to sanctify the limi- 
ations of the bourgeois' intellectual, spiritual, and moral 
lorizons, survived for many decades. 

However, towards the middle of the nineteenth cen- 
tury certain discoveries in the sciences, particularly the 
biological sciences, about the role of heredity in man's 
life, discoveries and theories by sociologists about the 
role of environment and social convention, and discoveries 
in the field of economics about class structures and di- 
vision of wealth rapidly began to reveal the essential 
flaws in the comfortably idealized "imitation of reality" 
that middle-class drama had developed; towards the end 
of the century younger dramatists began to question the 
nature of the reality which drama was intended to rep- 
resent, and they began to present other realities than 
the middle-class drawing-room. It was this questioning 
of the conventions of nineteenth-century middle-class 
thought at a result of new and vital philosophic and scien- 
tific currents that led directly to the beginnings of what 
is generally called "modern drama." The earliest phase 
of modern drama— and the phase that many still think 
of as characteristically modern — was one of iconoclasm 
with regard to bourgeois values and of positive assertion 
of new moral and social codes believed to be more "scien- 
tifically" based. As one critic puts it: 

The conception of drama as both preachment and 
prophecy, expressing the theories and attitudes 
of the playwright in opposition to those of the 
great majority of men of his time, marks the early 
modern dramatist as an embattled revolutionary, 
seeking to change men's minds and hearts as well 
as their institutions and laws.'" 

The groundwork of this new reform drama was a mi- 
nute fidelity in the treatment of environmental factors 
and documentary accuracy in the recording of social be- 
havior. "Imitation of reality" came to mean, then, the 
faithful recording of everyday observed behavior. Ibsen's 
A Doll's House became something of a classic document 
of this period of modern social realism. It is the carefully 
detailed story of what Ibsen considered the typical mis- 

". . . the act of waiting as an essential 
and characteristic aspect of the hu- 
man situation." 

treatment of a wife and mother by the conventional mid 
die-class husband; the husband does not physically abuse 
the wife Nora, but he has been brought up to consider 
a woman as a mere servant and toy, without a thought of 
her own. Nora's assertion of her independence and her 
ultimate decision to leave her husband and children as 
a symbol of her need for an individuality of her own was 
the scandal of Europe in the late nineteenth century. 

But Ibsen's scandal only opened the door towards 
new concepts of reality in the theatre. Realistic reform 
in the theatre was carried one stage further by the Nat- 
uralists of the 1890's, who prescribed minute photographic 
accuracy of detail in setting, developed the technique 
called the "slice of life," sacrificing the conventional plot- 
ted play of the period as unlifelike, and put especial em- 
phasis upon the role of heredity and environment as 
determining factors in human behavior. With a theatrical 
convention that spurned the usual exciting elements of 
suspense and climactic turns of plot, the naturalistic 
theatre had to depend often upon the choice of unusually 
coarse and brutal aspects of life for its power and effect, 
and nowadays the term "naturalism" is generally asso- 
ciated with episodes in the life of poor and uneducated 
classes living in an environment of vice and squalor, the 
setting which best and most effectively illustrated the 
scientific premises of naturalism. The theories of social 
and animal behavior which were the foundations of the 
realist-naturalist conception of reality were further 

strengthened and supplemented in the twentieth century 
by theories of the working of the mind espoused by various 
schools of psychology and psychoanalysis. In fact, experi- 
mentation with techniques for conveying in the theatre 
the discoveries of modern psychology concerning the 
motivations and inner dynamics of a character have been 
a major area of creativity for the modern dramatist. To 
cite only two examples: the work of the naturalistic play- 
wright Strindberg in techniques for projecting the mental 
states and moods of his characters by means of short 
staccato interludes was a major advance toward the tech- 
nique called expressionism and actually opened the door 
from the restricted empirical realism of the naturalistic 
tradition towards a more complex and poetic rendering 
of the world; and the various experiments by Eugene- 
O'Neill to get beyond the mere surface realism of nat- 
uralism, such as his practice of suspending the action , 
and dialogue while characters pronounce soliloquies re- 
vealing their true thoughts in Strange Interlude or his 
use of masks in The Great God Brown to indicate a con- 
flict between a secret individual personality and a public 
protective personality, are important breaks with the 
strict documentary approach of his predecessors. Both 
writers show a step toward a more complex interpretation 
of drama as an imitation of reality and prepare the way 
for a richer and more meaningful theatre. 

The realistic-naturalistic approach to drama with its 
emphasis upon an accumulation of perceptible details from 
a familiar world reproduced with absolute verisimilitude ■ 
is still the staple of the modern theatre, particularly of the 
movies and of television in the United States, but there 
has been growing in influence since the 1890's a counter- 
view of reality and of the function of drama. This alter- 
native view of the function of drama — generally nowadays 
generically designated the symbolist school — conceives of 
reality as situated within, above, below, or beyond per- 
ceptible phenomena and believes that the playwright does 
not so much imitate reality as interpret or reveal it.'' 
Symbolist drama can convey any number of concepts of 
extra-phenomenal reality. At its worst, this type of dra- 
ma is mechanical and dehumanized, mere allegory filled 
with dry abstractions. At its best, it has produced a poetic 
drama of power and magnitude ranging from the de- 
lightful and moving fantasies of Giraudoux, to the draw- 
ing-room mysteries of T. S. Eliot, to the Christian epic- 
like plays of Paul Claudel, to the shocking but compelling 
Grand Guignol of Tennessee Williams. All of these sym- 
bolist works have in common one device. I think: the 
poet constructs a world within his play which serves as a 
metaphor for the reality he is concerned with. This meta- 
phorical world of the drama may at first seem to be ex- 
traordinarily familiar or realistic, as in Eliot's The Cock- 
tail Party or Tennessee Williams' Streetcar Named Desire 
or Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, but some unusual element of 
emphasis or some unusually intrusive element in the stag- 
ing serves finally to focus us upon themes and conflicts 
of a more than superficial order. Or, in some symbolist 
plays, the metaphorical world may be highly stylized, as 
in Eliot's Murder in the Cathedral, or even fantastic, as 
in Giraudoux's Madwoman of Chaillot. Oddly enough, 

. . . Williams' Camino Real, as Interpreted by the 
Millsaps Players. 

once an audience has adjusted itself to the technique, the 
stylized or fantastic metaphor is usually easier to interpret 
or comprehend than the more naturalistic metaphor, 
which seems constantly to tempt an audience back to 
everyday concerns and away from more profound con- 
cerns. A comparison of Eliot's Murder in the Cathedral 
with his The Cocktail Party may illustrate this point. 

Murder in the Cathedral tells the story of the con- 
flict within Thomas a Becket between the temptation to- 
wards martyrdom for mere personal pride and glory and 
a truly Christian sacrificial death. The drama is almost 
ritually stylized and includes formal Greek-like choral 
passages, a sermon delivered by Becket, a set of defensive 
arguments with the audience by the four murderer-knights, 
as well as a formal temptation scene. Eliot's serious relig- 
ious purpose is never in doubt, although a number of cri- 
tics have found the play so schematized and austere as 
to be undramatic. His The Cocktail Party, on the other 
hand, so definitely follows the drawing-room comedy con- 
ventions of the modern theatre, so apparently deals in 
terms of psychoanalysis with the problems of a would-be 
martyr and a married couple on the verge of separation, 
that it comes as something of a surprise to many viewers 
to discover that the play is a serious portrayal of the 
necessity of choice between two ways of life: between an 
active life in the world which often seems solitary, trivial, 
and purposeless, but may nevertheless be a good and 
necessary life for some, and a life of service and total re- 
ligious commitment leading even to sacrificial martyrdom 
for others. Nowhere is the play explicity Christian, though 
Eliot's spiritual commitments are well known from his 
other works. Why this indirection? many people ask. The 
reason for indirection has been perhaps best explained by 
E. Martin Browne, the English producer of Eliot's play 
and an important lay figure behind recent movements 
to develop religious drama in England: he suggests that 
the use of an indirect approach to Christian themes "is 
how drama can most truthfully approach Christian ex- 
perience for those to whom the language of Christianity 
is no longer known. There is a residual Christianity in our 
civilization, but the great majority of people don't in 
fact understand the Christian language and we have got 
to bring understanding of Christian truth through the 
language which they do know."' 

Mr. Browne is suggesting that spiritual or religious 
experience is more important than pious jargon, and he 
is implying, secondarily, that drama is capable of com- 
municating religious experience in direct symbolic ways 
that bypass a conventional, but ineffective language. Ac- 
tually, he is enunciating here a conviction that has be- 
come a primary premise of recent interpretations of the 
theatre— a premise that, I believe, underlies the resur- 
gence of interest in drama by the Christian churches in 
recent years and a premise that has helped to direct con- 
temporary playwrights of the absurd to deal with 
religious issues. Mr. Browne is also positing the general 
problem— the decline of genuine religious commitment 
and experience in this century — to which both the 
churches and the secular playwrights are responding. 

Martin Esslin sums up the whole problem in this way: 
There is a vast difference between knowings some- 
thing to be the case in the conceptual sphere and 
experiencing it as a living reality. It is the mark 
of all great religions that they not only possess 
a body of knowledge that can be taught in the 
form of cosmological information or ethical rules 
but that they also communicate the essence of 
this body of doctrine in the living, recurring po- 

Members of the community attend concerts and plays 
in the Christian Center, where ideas find freedom of 
expression through the Millsaps Singers and Players. 

etic imagery of ritual. It is the loss of the latter 
sphere, which responds to a deep inner need in 
all beings, that the decline of religion has left 
as a deeply felt deficiency in our civilization. We 
possess at least an approximation to a coherent 
philosophy in the scientific method, but we lack 
the means to make it a living reality, an experi- 
enced focus of men's lives. That is why the the- 
atre, a place where men congregate to experience 
poetic or artistic insights, has in many ways as- 
sumed the function of a substitute church. Hence 
the immense importance placed upon the theatre 
by totalitarian creeds, which are fully aware of 
the need to make their doctrines a living, experi- 
enced reality to their followers.'' 

Browne says almost the same thing explicitly when 
he notes: "When we are tempted to think of drama as a 
didactic form of expression, a form which appeals only 
to the mind and to the conscious emotions, we should 
realize that there's a danger of neglecting the most im- 
portant part of drama — the subconscious. "9 

Drama, then, numerous witnesses are agreed, may 
be an especially effective way to bring a people back 
into contact with essential spiritual truths in a direct 
and experiential manner, and especially is this so at a 
time when discursive or conventional philosophic lan- 
guage seems too shopworn to serve its purpose adequately. 
However, despite the similarities in attitude about the 
nature of drama— its potentialities for communicating 
with the whole man rather than simply with the intellect 
—and despite the similarities in definition of the contem- 
porary plight of man— his general loss of contact with 
genuine religious experience and a means of interpreting 
that experience, his "lostness" in a modem world where 
religious faith has declined or failed, the dramatists of 
the Theatre of the Absurd and the Christian symbolist 
dramatists are divided by a fundamental difference con- 


cerning the conception of the reality that the dramatist 
should imitate. Both would agree that it is a spiritual 
reality, but the Christian explicitly or implicitly asserts 
an absolute validity for his insights and truths. The fun- 
damental concern of the writers of the Absurd, however, 
is to evoke "concrete poetic images designed to communi- 
cate to the audience the sense of perplexity that (the) 
authors feel when confronted with the human condition.""' 
The Theatre of the Absurd is primarily a critical drama, 
an exploratory drama which leaves one with questions, 
not solutions. 

The effect can perhaps best be indicated by a specific 
example. The most celebrated and effective of the Absurd 
plays so far widely produced is Samuel Beckett's Waiting 
for Godot. Its "argument" consists fundamentally of two 
acts in identical pattern. On a country road, by a tree, two 
old tramps, Vladimir and Estragon, are waiting. At the 
end of each act they are informed that Mr. Godot, with 
whom they believe they have an appointment, cannot 
come, but that he will surely come tomorrow. At the end 
of each act, one of the tramps suggests: "Well, shall we 
go?" The other answers: "Yes, let's go." At the end of 
each act is the identical stage direction: "They do not 
move." Within each act the sequence of general events 
and dialogue is different. In each act the two tramps 
encounter another pair of characters, Pozzo and Lucky, 
master and slave, under differing circumstances; in each 
act Vladimir and Estragon attempt suicide and fail, for 
differing reasons — but as one critic puts it: "These varia- 
tions merely serve to emphasize the essential sameness 
of the situation. "11 Esslin interprets the play as follows: 
"The subject of the play is not Godot but waiting, the 
act of waiting as an essential and characteristic aspect 
of the human situation. Throughout our lives we always 
wait for something, and Godot simply represents the ob- 
jective of our waiting — an event, a thing, a person, 
death."'- Guicharnaud elaborates further when he sug- 
gests that the basic dramatic tension in this play (which 
otherwise seems devoid of conventional conflict or plot) 
is "the conflict between insignificance and man's effort 
to have meaning despite everything. The metaphor of 
waiting is the best form of expression for that conflict, in 
which lies Beckett's final definition of man."i'' It is es- 
sential to the meaning that the conflict not be resolved 
one way or the other, for the play "is a concrete and syn- 
thetic equivalent of our existence in the world and our 
consciousness of it,"i^ and one of the major effects of 
that consciousness is the impossibility of ever attaining 
certainty. Waiting for Godot, according to Esslin, is "open 
to philosophical, religious, and psychological interpreta- 
tions, yet above all it is a poem on time, evanescence, 
and the mysteriousness of existence. "i'' 

Such images of "perplexity," of "the mysteriousness 
of existence," furnish the basis for the mood of anxiety 
and despair which many detect in the plays of the drama- 
tists of the absurd. Other critics, however, point out that 
the anxiety and despair which arise from the recognition 
of man's being surrounded by areas of impenetrable dark- 
ness, by a silent and mysterious universe, are but the first 
stage of a proper response to the content of the plays. 
Facing up to the realities of the human condition without 
illusions may finally be an exhilarating experience, an 
experience comparable to mystic insight. Esslin puts it 
this way; 

In facing man's inability ever to comprehend the 
meaning of the universe, in recognizing the God- 
head's total transcendence, His total otherness 

from all we can understand with our senses, the 
great mystics experienced a sense of exhilaration 
and liberation. This exhilaration also springs from 
the recognition that the language and logic of 
cognitive thought cannot do justice to the ulti- 
mate nature of reality . . . 

Ultimately, a phenomenon like the Theatre 
of the Absurd does not reflect despair or a return 
to dark irrational forces, but expresses modern 
man's endeavor to come to terms with the world 
in which he lives. It attempts to make him face 
up to the human condition as it really is, to free 
him from illusions that are bound to cause con- 
stant maladjustment and disappointment. There 
are enormous pressures in our world that seek 
to induce mankind to bear the loss of faith and 
moral certainties by being drugged into oblivion — 
by mass entertainments, shallow material satis- 
factions, pseudo-explanations of reality, and cheap 
ideologies. At the end of that road lies Huxley's 
Brave New World of senseless euphoric automata. 
Today when death and old age are increasingly 
concealed behind euphemisms and comforting 
baby talk, and life is threatened with being smoth- 
ered in the mass consumption of hypnotic mech- 
anized vulgarity, the need to confront man with 
the reality of his situation is greater than ever. 
For the dignity of man lies in his ability to face 
reality in all its senselessness; to accept it freely, 
without fear, without illusions — and to laugh at 

That is the cause to which, in their various 
individual, modest, and quixotic ways, the drama- 
tists of the Absurd are dedicated."' 
Though committed Christians may not find thi 
modern-day analogue of stoicism totally satisfying, the 
must admit it religious status, I believe, and recognize a 
important ally in the endless battle against spiritu; 
automation and death-in-life. 


iHarold Clurman, "Introduction" to Seven Plays of tl 

Modern Theater (New York: Grove Press, Inc., 1962 

p. X. 
-Martin Esslin, The Theatre of the Absurd (Garden Cit 

N. Y.: Doubleday Anchor Books, 1961), p. 291. 
■^Thornton Wilder, "Preface" to Three Plays (New Yorl 

Harper and Brothers, 1957), pp. ix-x. 
^Jacques Guicharnaud, Modern French Theatre from € 

radoux to Beckett (New Haven: Yale University Pres 

1961), p. 4. 
■'■Haskell M. Block and Robert G. Shedd, "General Intr 

duction" to Masters of Modern Drama (New Yor 

Random House, 1962), p. 3. 
''Cf. Guicharnaud, p. 7. 
"E. Martin Browne, "Drama as an Expression of Chri 

tian Truth," Motive, XVIII (April, 1958). 12. 
'^Esslin, pp. 312-313. 
"Browne, p. 11. 
"'Esslin, p. 308. 
"Esslin, p. 14. 
i^Esslin, p. 17. 
i-*Guicharnaud, p. 212. 
"'Guicharnaud, p. 212. 
'•^ Esslin, p. 27. 
"'Esslin, pp. 315-316. 


i &B b 

The Alumni Fund Report 
means much to many... 

For alumni, it represents conviction expressed in 
volunteer hours — soliciting funds, telephoning, organizing 
committees — often making personal sacrifices. 

For students, the report manifests itself in improved 
facilities for scientific research, library additions, 
language laboratories, a more comfortable physical plant 
in which to live and learn. 

For faculty, the fund means better compensation, 
opportunity for advanced study. 

For all, the Alumni Fund Report is an affirmation 
of the enriched Millsaps future. 

Mumni Fund Report 1961-62 

Facts About the Fund 


General Contributions 780 

Major Investors 115 

Friends 8 

Corporate Alumnus Program 5 

Total Gifts 

_ 908 

$ 9,529.25 





Total Alumni Gifts 



1917 - $1,180.00 









1940 _ 






















1907 32% 




1912 _ 27% 

1905 26% 

1909 26% 

Before 1900 25% 




Class No. 

in Class 

No. Giving 



Class No. 

in Class 

No. Giving 



Before 1900 




$ 152.00 












































































































































































































































































































Year Unknown 


















Report of Giving by Classes 


Before 1900 

Percy L. Clifton 

Garner W. Green, Sr. 

Harris A. Jones 

Mrs. Molly Donald Shrock 

W. R. Applewhite 
J. H. Brooks 
Mrs. Sam Grizzle 

(Margie Alvaretta Gaddy) 
Mrs. Leon McCluer 

(Mary Moore) 
Tom A. Stennis 

Leon McCluer 
J. C. Wasson 


Joseph B. Dabney 
Clarence N. Guice 
Thomas M. Lemly 



Alexander B. Campbell 
John Wesley Crisler 
Mrs. W. C. Faulk 
(Patty Tindall) 
1902 Charles R. Rew 

Mrs. Mary Holloman Scott Leon W. VVhitson 
James D. Tillman 


O. S. Lewis 


S. C. Hart 

James Madison Kennedy 

Benton Z. Welch 


Aubrey C. Griffin 
Lizzie Horn 
James Clyde McGee 
John B. Ricketts 
William L. Weems, Jr. 


Mrs. Forrest G. Cooper 
(Marguerite Park) 

Mrs. R. A. Doggett 
(Jennie Mills) 

Albert A. Green 

James O. Ware 


Mrs. Ben S. Beall 

(Tallulah Lipscomb) 
Manley \V. Cooper 
Gertrude Davis 
Joe H. Morris 
Randolph Pccts. Sr. 
Fred B. Smith 

Albert Luther Bennett 
Otie G. Branstetter 
Mrs. Hersee Moody Carson 
Mrs. E. A. Harwell 

(Mary Shurlds) 
R. G. Moore 
D. B. Morgan 
Mrs. D. B. Morgan 

(Primrose Thompson) 
D. M. White 


W. B. Gates 
Elise Moore 
J. S. Shipman 
William E. Toles 


Sam E. Ashmore 
.Mrs. Edith B. Havs 
(Edith Brown) 


Alexander Peale Harmon 
C. G. Howorth 
R. Bays Lamb 

Official List of Contributors 


E. D. Lewis 
Mrs. O. S. Lewis 

(Evelyn Stevens Cook) 
John L. Neill 


C. C. Applewhite 
C. A. Bowen 
John William Loch 
J. A. McKee 
Mrs. C. L. Neill 

(Susie Ridgway) 
Mrs. C. R. Ridgway, Sr. 

(Hattie Lewis) 


Orlando P. Adams 
Mrs. R. W. Carruth 

(AUie Adams) 
Gilbert Cook, Sr. 
Mrs. L. A. Dubard, Sr. 

(Alma Beck) 
W. F, Murrah 
Mrs. Maude Simmons 

(Maude Newton) 
Mrs. Bert W. Stiles 

(Bessie Huddleston) 


Jason A. Alford 
Mrs. Ward Allen 
(Roberta Dubard) 

William N. Thomas 
Jessie Van Osdel 


Louise Cortright 
J. B. Honeycutt 
Sam Lampton 
Herbert H. Lester 
Mrs. V. M. Roby 
(Edith Stevens) 
Frank T. Scott 
J. D. Wroten, Sr. 


Mrs. W. R. Applewhite 

(Ruth Mitchell) 
T. M. Cooper 
Eckford L. Summer 
Mrs. J. D. Wroten, Sr. 

(Birdie Gray Steen) 


Sallie W. Baley 
C. C. Clark 
Robert T. Henry 
E. L. Hillman 
Mary Weems 


Mrs. P. M. Hollis 

(Nelle York) 
Annie Lester 

Thomas G. Pears 


Eugene McGee Ervin 
Mrs. W. F. Goodman 
(Marguerite Watkins) 
Robert F. Harrell 
Austin L. Shipman 
Emma Willie Spann 
C. C. Sullivan 


Collye W. Alford 
Henry B. Collins 
Daley Crawford 


Mrs. Collye W. Alford 

(Erma Kile) 
E. B. Boatner 
Joseph M. Howorth 
Mrs. Walter R. Lee 

(Helen Ball) 
Ross H, Moore 
Mrs. W. C. Smallwood 

(Hazel Holley) 
Virginia Thomas 


Francis E. Ballard 
Mrs. W. B. Boatner 
(Maxine Tull) 

Russell Brown Booth 
Gladys Cagle 
James W. Campbell 
Charles Carr 
Eli M. Chatoney 
Caroline Howie 
Rolfe Lanier Hunt 
Hermes H. Knoblock 
Mrs. Ross H. Moore 

(Alice Sutton) 
Mrs. Joe Pugh 

(Eva Clower) 


Mrs. James W. Campbell 

(Evelyn Flowers) 
Kathleen Carmichael 
Mrs. James T. Geraghty 

(Jessie Craig) 
George H. Jones 
Mrs. L. E. Lester 

(Eleanor Prentiss) 
Mrs. C. W. Lorance 

(Pattie Mae Elkins) 
William F. McCormick 
T. H. Naylor 
Bethany Swearingen 


Mrs. Ross Barnett 

(Pearl Crawford) 
W. A. Bealle 
Mrs. Morgan Bishop 

(Lucie Mae McMullan) 
Mrs. C. M. Chapman 

(Eurania Pyron) 
Chester F. Nelson 
John D. Noble 
.Mrs. John D. Noble 

(Natoma Campbell) 
R. T. Pickett, Jr. 
J. B. Price 
John C. Satterfield 
■I. H. Sells 
F. W. Vaughan 
H. W. F. Vaughan 


Charles B. Alford 

R. R. Branton 

Mrs. R. W. Campbell 

(Texas Mitchell) 
Joe W. Coker 
John F. Egger 
Mrs. Maybelle Alford Fur- 

M. D. Jones 
Amanda Lane Lowther 
Hazel Neville 
Mrs. W. B. Seals 

(Daisy Newman) 
Curtis M. Swango 
Orrin H. Swayze 
Mrs. Orrin H. Swayze 

(Catherine Power) 
Ruth Tucker 
Mrs. Henry W. Williams 

(Thelma McKeithen) 


Mrs. A. K. Anderson 
(Elizabeth Setzler) 

R. E. Blount 

Mrs. R. R. Branton 
(Doris Alford) 

S. M. Butts 

Mrs. C. W. Dibble 
(Winnie Crenshaw) 


Mrs. Walter Ely 

(Ruby Blackwell) 
Mrs. James M. Ewing 

(Maggie Flowers) 
Mrs. W. H. Gardner 

(Katherine Bryson) 
William T. Hankins 
Mernelle Heuck 
Mrs. T. M. Jones 

(Hattie Rae Lewis) 
Mrs. T. F. Larche 

(Mary Ellen Wilcox) 
L. S. Kendrick 
Wesley Merle Mann 
Mrs. Wesley Merle Mann 

(Frances Wortman) 
Sam Robert Moody 
Mrs. T. H. Naylor 

(Martha Watkins) 
Solon F. Riley 
V. L. Wharton 


Ruth C. Alford 
E. L. Anderson, Jr. 
Gerorge R. Armistead 
Mrs. R. E. Blount 

(Alice Ridgway) 
Mrs. Charles Chamberlin 

(Jane Power) 
Eugene H. Countiss 
Alfred M. Ellison, Jr. 
Robert Embry 
Mrs. Evon Ford 

(Elizabeth Heidelberg) 
Heber Ladner 
Theodore K. Scott 
Eugene Thompson 
Mrs. W. O. Weathersby 

(Claire Sistrunk) 
Dr. James E. Wilson 


J. W. Alford 

William E. Barksdale 

Mrs. A. J. Blackmon 

(Ouida Ellzey) 
Howard E. Boone 
William D. Carmichael 
Davie Catron 
Mrs. Harry N. Cavalier 

(Helen Grace Welch) 
Mrs. Mary Hudson Ford 
Mrs. J. H. Hager 

(Frances Baker) 
Ransom Cary Jones 
Mrs. Philip Kolb 

(Warrene Ramsey) 
Mrs. George W. Miller, Jr. 

(Maurine Smith) 
Carlton U. Mounger 
Mary Miller Murry 
L. O. Smith 

Mrs. Ruth Pickett Smith 
C. Arthur Sullivan 
Ira A. Travis 
Mrs. R. H. Young 

(Irene Flurry) 


Reynolds Cheney 
Mrs. Percy L. Clifton 

(Mabel Gayden) 
Mary Joan Finger 
'Malcolm Galbreath 
Mrs. R. E. Green 

(Doris Ball) 
Emmitte W. Haining 
Robert A. Hassell 

Floyd L. Looney 
Robert C. Maynor 
W. Norton Miller 
George B. Pickett 
John B. Shearer 
Marten H. Twitchell 
R. E. Wasson 
Annie Mae Young 


Mrs. John Clark Boswell 

(Ruth Ridgway) 
Leroy Brooks 
Mrs. J. H. Cameron 

(Burnell Gillaspy) 
William L. Ervin, Jr. 
Edward A. Khayat 
Philip Kolb 
Mrs. T. S. McClary 

(Elizabeth Burhman) 
Mrs. Robert Massengill 

(Virginia Youngblood) 
Elizabeth Perkins 
Mrs. Rose Wells Reynolds 


Mrs. William E. Barksdale 

(Mary Eleanor Alford) 
Norman U. Boone 
John Clark Boswell 
Steve Burwell, Jr. 
Mrs. Reynolds Cheney 

(Winifred Green) 
John R. Enochs 
Mrs. T. D. Faust, Jr. 

(Louise Colbert) 
John B. Howell, Jr. 
Mrs. Wylie V. Kees 

(Mary Sue Burnham) 
Floyd O. Lewis 
Mrs. R. T. Pickett 

(Mary Eleanor Chisholm) 
Henry B. Varner 


E. E. Brister 

Mildred Cagle 

Harriet Heidelberg 

Robert S. Higdon 

Garland Holloman 

Mrs. Marks W. Jenkins 
(Daree Winstead) 

Maurice Jones 

J. T. Kimball 

Richard F. Kinnaird 

Maggie LeGuin 

Mrs. J. W. Lipscomb 
(Ann Dubard) 

Mrs. Alice Weems McDon- 

Duncan Naylor 

Arthur L. Rogers, Jr. 

Mrs. L. O. Smith 
(Margaret Flowers) 

William Tremaine, Jr. 

Ruth Young 


Thomas S. Boswell 
Mrs. Steve Burwell, Jr. 

(Carolyn Hand) 
W. J. Caraway 
Mrs. W. J. Caraway 

(Catherine Ross) 
Catherine Allen Carruth 
Mrs. J. N. Dykes 

(Ethel McMurry) 
Robert L. Ezelle, Jr. 

W. C. Jones 
Armand Karow 
Reber B. Layton 
Thomas F. McDonnell 
Mrs. John McEachin 

(Alma Katherine Dubard) 
Mrs. Robert C. Maynor 

(Grace Mason) 
Paul Ramsey 

Charles Robert Ridgway, Jr. 
Mrs. Swepson S. Taylor, Jr. 

(Margaret Black) 
James T. Vance 
Mrs. James T. Vance 

(Mary Hughes) 


Henry V. Allen, Jr. 
Dorothy Boyles 
Webb Buie 
Mrs. Webb Buie 

(Ora Lee Graves) 
Mrs. Charles W. Chadwick 

(Evelyn Elizabeth Clark) 
Frank E. Dement 
Mrs. H. C. Dodge 

(Annie Frances Hines) 
Caxton Doggett 
Read Fatten Dunn 
John W. Evans 
Mrs. George Faxon 

iNancy Blanton Plummer) 
Nora Graves 
Mrs. James W. Hardy 

(Charlie Prichard) 
Mrs. R. C. Hubbard 

(Marion Dubard) 
Mrs. Harry Lambdin 

(Norvelle Beard) 
James A. Lauderdale 
James H. Lemly 
Margaret McNeil 
Aubrey C. Maxted 
Helen .Morehead 
Mrs. James Peet 

(Dorothy Broadfoot) 

Joseph C. Pickett 
Thomas G. Ross 
George R. Stephenson 
P. K. Sturgeon 


Jefferson G. Artz 
Mrs. Paul Brandes 

(Melba Sherman) 
Bradford B. Breeland 
Kathleen Clardy 
Mendell M. Davis 
Fred Ezelle 
James S. Ferguson 
H. E. Finger 
H. J. Hendrick 
Mrs. Armand Karow 

(Eunice Louise Durham) 
Mrs. William G. Kimbrell 

(Dorothy Triplett) 
E. L. Malone, Jr. 
Robert M. Mayo 
George L. Morelock 
Mrs. W. L. Norton 

(Martha Lee Newell) 
William H. Parker 
William R. Richerson 
A. T. Tatum 
Swepson S. Taylor, Jr. 
Mrs. Leora Thompson 

(Leora White) 


G. C. Clark 
Leonard E. Clark 
Mrs. R. T. Edgar 

(Annie Katherine Dement) 
Alex Gordon 
Jefferson M. Hester 
Mrs. Ransom Cary Jones 

(Jessie Vic Russell) 
William G. Kimbrell 
Mrs. William McClintock 

(Catherine Wofford) 

/iLUMNI GIFTS provide equipment for science laboratories. 

/ n^ 

Eugenia Mauldin 

Mrs. Juan Jose Menedez 

(Jessie Lola Davis) 
Lee Roy Murphree 
W. L. Norton 
George E. Patton 
Nell Permenter 
Mrs. J. Earl Rhea 

(Mildred Clegg) 
Vic Roby 
Lee Rogers, Jr. 
Carroll H. Varner 


William H. Bizzell 
Fred J. Bush 
Paul Carruth 
Foster Collins 
Gilbert Cook, Jr. 
George E. Cooper 
Blanton Doggett 
John W. Godbold 
Jeremiah H. Holleman 
Hugh B. Landrum, Jr. 
Mrs. Fred E. Massey 

(Corinne Mitchell) 
Mrs. Dudley Stewart 

(Jane Hyde West) 
A. T. Tucker 
Mrs. J. W. Wood 

(Grace Cunningham) 


Mary K. Askew 

Mrs. Ralph R. Bartsch 

(Martha Faust Connor) 
James L. Booth 
Mrs. Gilbert Cook, Jr. 

(Virginia Wilson) 
Mrs. John W. Godbold 

(Marguerite Darden) 
Vernon B. Hathorn, Jr. 
J. Manning Hudson 
Richard G. Lord, Jr. 
Edwin W. Lowther 
Ralph McCool 
Mrs. Ralph McCool 

(Bert Watkins) 
Mrs. Lawrence B. Martin 

(Louise Moorer) 
Clayton Morgan 
Mrs. Howard Morris 

(Sarah Buie) 
Henry C. Ricks, Jr. 
W. B. Ridgway 
Mrs. Warren B. Trimble 

(Celia Brevard) 
Kate Wells 
Paul Whitsett 
Jennie Youngblood 


Walter C. Beard 
Joseph H. Brooks 
Jack L. Caldwell 
Elizabeth Lenoir Cavin 
Mrs. R. L. Chapman 

(Wye Nelson Naylor) 
Roy C. Clark 
Eugene Fortenberry 
Mrs. J. Magee Gabbert 

(Kathryn DeCelle) 
Mrs. Gerald W. Gleason 

(Corde Bierdeman) 
Thomas G. Hamby 
Mrs. Thomas G. Hamby 

(Rosa Eudy) 

Mae Black Heidelberg 
Joseph T. Humphries 
Robert A. Kennedy 
Gwin Kolb 
James J. Livesay 
Margaret McDougal 
Marjorie Miller 
Mrs. R. E. Dumas Milner 

(Myrtle Ruth Howard) 
C. M. Murry 
Eugene Peacock 
Mrs. Paul Ramsey 

(Effie Register) 
Thomas Robertson, Jr. 
Nat Rogers 
Paul T. Scott 
Mrs. William S. Sims 

(Mary Cavett Newsom) 
Mrs. Madeline Stockdill 

(Madeline Mooney) 
James B. Sumrall 
W. O. Tynes, Jr. 
Mrs. J. D. Upshaw 

(Christine Ferguson) 
Ess A. White 
Robert Wingate 


W. B. Ball 
Mrs. W. B. Ball 

(Eva DeCell) 
Wilford C. Doss 
Mrs. Wilford C. Doss 

(Mary Margaret McRae) 
Mrs. Fred Ezelle 

(Katherine Ann Grimes) 
Edward S. Fleming 
Sidney O. Graves 
Frank B. Hays 
Mrs. Gwin Kolb 

(Ruth Godbold) 
Raymond S. Martin 
Robert M. Mathenv 
Charlton S. Roby 
Mrs. Nat Rogers 

(Helen Ricks) 
William D. Ross, Jr. 
Mrs. William D. Ross, Jr. 

(Nell Triplett) 
John L. Sigman 
Mrs. Francis B. Stevens 

(Ann Elizabeth Herbert) 
Felix A. Sutphin 
J. B. Welborn 
Mrs. V. L. Wharton 

(Beverly Dickerson) 


Mrs. Ben Auerbach 

(Maurice Stern) 
Mrs. Pat Barrett 

(Sara Ruth Stephens) 
Otho Brantley 
Delores Craft 
Mrs. Edward S. Fleming 

(Helen Mae Ruoff) 
J. H. Holder, Jr. 
Mrs. Everett P. Johnson 

(Frances Marion Wroten) 
Mrs. Paul C. Kenny 

(Ruth Gibbons) 
Mrs. James J. Livesay 

(Mary Lee Busby) 
Robert D. Pearson 
Mrs. Robert D. Pearson 

(Sylvia Roberts) 
Walter S. Ridgway 
Mrs. Watts Thornton 

(Hazel Bailey) 
Janice Trimble 

J. L. Wofford 

Mrs. Herbert A. Zimmer- 

iEllenita Sells) 
Mrs. Jack L. Caldwell 

(Marjorie Ann Murphy) 
Jean M. Calloway 
Victor B. Gotten 
Mrs. Walter Lee Crawford 

(Annie Marion Guyton) 
Mrs. Robert Holland 

(Gertrude Pepper) 
Mrs. Warren H. Karstedt 

(Anne Louise West) 
Mrs. J. T. Kimball 

(Louise Day) 
Mrs. E. D. Lavender 

(Virginia Sherman) 
Mark F. Lytle 
Mrs. Gordon L. Nazor 

(Jean Morris) 
Mrs. William S. Neal 

(Priscilla Morson) 
Mrs. H. Peyton Noland 

(Sarah Elizabeth Brien) 
Ross A. Pickett 
F. Wilson Ray 
Curtis Erwin Slay 
Zach Taylor, Jr. 
Mitchell B. Wells 
Noel C. Womack 
Mrs. Noel C. Womack 

(Flora Mae Arant) 


James E. Calloway 
Mrs. M. J. Hensley 

(Elva Louella Tharp) 
Betty McBride 
Nina H. Reeves 
Mrs. Smith Richardson 
Mrs. Zach Taylor, Jr. 

(Dot Jones) 
Marcus E. Waring 
William Watkins, III 


Sam Barefield 
Mrs. Sam Barefield 

(Mary Nell Sells) 
Mrs. Samuel L. Collins 

(Joelyon Marie Dent) 
Mrs. Wayne E. Derrington 

(Annie Clara Foy) 
Dorothy Lauderdale 
Mrs. Richard D. McRae 

(Luella Shelby Watkins) 
William E. Moak 
Mrs. William E. Moak 

(Lucv Gerald) 
Robert G. Nichols, Jr. 
Randolph Peets, Jr. 
Mrs. Randolph Peets, Jr. 

(Charlotte Gulledge) 
Mrs. C. E. Salter, Jr. 

(Marjorie Carol Burdsal) 
Barry S. Seng 
W. E. Shanks 
Mrs. W. W. Whitaker 

(Jerry McCormack) 
Claude J. Williams, Jr. 


Mrs. John F. Buchanan 
(Peggy Helen Carr) 

Carolyn Bufkin 

Mrs. Neal Calhoun 

(Mary Edgar Wharton) 

J. H. Cameron 

Craig Castle 

Sarah Frances Clark 

Wallace L. Cook 

Clarence H. Denser 

Mrs. Kenneth L Franks 

(Ann Marie Hobbs) 
Mrs. Hugh L. Gowan 

(Mary Anne Jiggets) 
Robert HoUingsworth 
Mrs. W. H. Izard 

(Betty Klumb) 
Mrs. Sutton Marks 

(Helen Murphy) 
Rex Murff 
Betty Sue Pittman 
James D. Powell 
Esther Read 
Mrs. W. C. Riley 

(Elizabeth Terry Welsh) 
Mrs. W. E. Shanks 

(Alice Josephine Crisler) 
Rufus P. Stainback 
William G. Toland 
M. W. Whitaker 
Mrs. J. L. Wofford 

(Mary Ridgway) 
Robert Yarbrough, Jr. 
H. H. Youngblood 


Albert E. Allen 
Charles G. Bingham, Jr. 
Elmer Dean Calloway 
Mrs. Jerry Chang 

(Ruth Chang) 
Mrs. F. G. Cox, Jr. 

(Alma Van Hook) 
Mrs. Horace F. Crout 

(Cavie Clark) 
Mrs. Vincent Danna. Jr. 

(Lois Bending) 
Mrs. H. G. Hase 

(Ethel Nola Eastman) 
Howard G. Hilton 
James S. Holmes, Jr. 
Mrs. George L. Maddox 

(Evelyn Godbold) 
Robert F. Mantz. Jr. 
Sutton Marks 
Mrs. Samuel H. Poston 

(Bobbie Gillis) 
H. L. Rush, Jr. 
Gordon Shomaker 
Charles N. Wright 
Mrs. W. H. Youngblood 

(Frances Caroline Gray) 


Hubert Lee Barlow 
Mrs. Hubert Lee Barlow 

(Barbara Ann Bell) 
Mrs. R. C. Brinson 

(Catherine Shumaker) 
Bruce C. Carruth 
Robert H. Conerly 
William Ray Crout 
Mrs. William A. Fulton 

(Ruth Inez Johnson) 
John Garrard 
William F. Goodman, Jr. 
Philip E. Irby, Jr. 
Harold James 
James H. Jenkins, Jr. 
George D. Lee 
George L. Maddox 
Leonard Metts 
John A. Neill 
Mrs. James D. Powell 

(Elizabeth Lampton) 


Cheerleaders leap for the Majors before the big 
Homecoming game. 

Ernest P. Reeves 
George G. Scott 
Carlos Reid Smith 
William Wilson Watson 
Mrs. B. L. Wilson 

(Bobby Nell Holder) 
William D. Wright 
J. W. Youngblood 
Mrs. J. W. Youngblood 

(Nora Louise Havard) 


Mrs. Milton Bruce 

(Daphne Middlebrook) 
Edward L. Cates 
Mrs. Tom Crosby, Jr. 

(Wilma Dyess) 
Arthur F. A. Goodsell 
Mrs. S. J. Greer 

(Annie Ruth Junkin) 
Joseph R. Huggins 
Johnny E. Jabour 
William H. Jacobs 
Mrs. Cecil G. Jenkins 

(Patsy Abernathy) 
Earl T. Lewis 
Herman L. McKenzie 
Dick T. Patterson 
Carl Wayne Phillips 
James W. Ridgway 
Mrs. Louise Robbins 

(Louise Hardin) 
Mrs. H. L. Rush, Jr. 

(Betty Joyce McLemore) 
Paul Eugene Russell 
Mrs. Dewey Sanderson 

(Fannie Buck Leonard) 
Mrs. Carlos Reid Smith 

(Doris Liming) 
Charles Lee Taylor 
John D. Wofford 
Mrs. John D. Wofford 

(Elizabeth Ridgway) 
w. H. Youngblood 


Mrs. M. C. Adams 

(Doris Puckett) 
Mrs. Joe V. Anglin 

(Linda McCluney) 
Richard L. Berry 
Rex L Brown 
Audley O. Burford 
William R. Burt 
Allen T. Cassity 
Mrs. Sid Champion 

(Mary Johnson Lipsey) 
Mrs. William Chenault 

(Ann Marae Simpson) 
Cooper C. Clements, Jr. 
George A. Day 
Carolyn Estes 
Robert L. Ezelle, Sr. 
Edward L. Gibson 
Waverly B. Hall, Jr. 
Mrs. Louise Hyer 
(Louise Mitchell) 
Cecil G. Jenkins 
Mrs. William F. Johnson 

(Frances Beacham) 
Mrs. Robert Kerr 

(Marion Elaine Carlson) 
Mrs. Raymond E. King 

(Yvonne Mclnturff) 
Mrs. Earl T. Lewis 

(Mary Sue Enochs) 
Yancey M. Lott, Jr. 
Mrs. William P. Martin 

(Milly East) 
Evelyn Inez McCoy 
Charles E. Markham 
Don Ray Pearson 
Mrs. Don Ray Pearson 

(Betty Joe Davis) 
Franz Posey 
Mrs. Franz Posey 

(Linda Lou Langdon) 
Mary Sue Robinson 
Mrs. Harry Shields 

(Mary Virginia Leep) 
S. L. Varnado 

William G. Wills 
Bennie Frank Youngblood 
Mrs. Herman Yueh 
(Grace Chang) 


Beulah Abel 
Robert L. Crawford 
Mrs. Charles N. Deaton 

(Mary Dent Dickerson) 
Marvin Franklin 
Mrs. Arthur F. A. Goodsell 

(Alice Dale Whitfield) 
Billy M. Graham 
William A. Hays 
Mrs. James H. Jenkins, Jr. 

(Marianne Chunn) 
Ransom L. Jones 
Sale Lilly, Jr. 
Mrs. Sale Lilly, Jr. 

(Evelyn Lee Hawkins) 
Mrs. Paul A. Radzewicz 

(Ethel Cole) 
William Riecken, Jr. 
Mrs. Paul E. Russell 

(Barbara Lee McBride) 
Roy H. Ryan 
J. P. Stafford 
Mrs. Deck Stone 

(Sandra Lee Campbell) 
Glyn O. Wiygul 
H. Lavelle Woodrick 
James Leon Young 
Mrs. James Leon Young 

(Joan Wignall) 


Mrs. Flavius Alford 

(Mary Ann O'Neil) 
James E. Allen 
Mrs. W. E. Ayres 

(Diane Brown) 
David H. Balius 
Mrs. David H. Balius 

(Virginia Kellv) 
Mrs. J. B. Barlow 

(Mary Ann Babington) 
Mrs. John C. Barlow, Jr. 

(Lynn Bacot) 
James Barry Brindley 
Mrs. Shirley Callen 

(Shirley Parker) 
Mrs. Robert L. Crawford 

(Mabel Clair Buckley) 
Pat H. Curtis 
Mrs. Loyal Durand 

(Wesley Ann Travis) 
Mrs. Rome Emmons 

(Cola O'Neal) 
Ewin D. Gaby, Jr. 
Sedley Joseph Greer 
Mrs. Henry E. Hettchen 

(Martha Montgomery) 
Mrs. James R. Howerton 

(Gretchen Mars) 
Mrs. Joel G. King 

(Annabelle Crisler) 
John T. Lewis, III 
Samuel O. Massey, Jr. 
Henry Pipes Mills, Jr. 
John W. Moore 
Mrs. John W. Moore 

(Virginia Edge) 
William H. Moore 
Mrs. James R. Ransom 

(Margueritte Denny) 
Mrs. James W. Ridgway 

(Betty Jean Langston) 
John C. Sandefur 
Mrs. R. G. Sibbald 

CMary Ann Derrick) 

Kenneth W. Simons 

Mrs. Alexander M. Sive- 


(Josephine Lampton) 
Charles R. Sommers 
William L. Stewart 
Irby Turner, Jr. 
William Lamar Weems 
Mrs. Walter H. Williams 

(Alyce Aline Kyle) 
J. Cecil Williamson 
Mrs. Charles N. Wright 

(Betty Small) 
Mrs. William D. Wright 

(Joe Anne Bratton) 


W. E. Ayres 
Jack Roy Birchum 
Mrs. George Bokas 

(Aspasia Athas) 
Mrs. T. H. Boone 

(Edna Khayat) 
M. S. Corban 
Jodie Kyzar 
Mrs. Paul G. Green 

(Bernice Edgar) 
Sidney Alexander Head 
Mrs. James D. Holden 

(Joan Wilson) 
Yeager Hudson 
Mrs. Yeager Hudson 

(Louise Hight) 
Mrs. Joseph R. Huggins 

(Barbara Walker) 
Mrs. George L. Hunt 

(Jo Glyn Hughes) 
Mrs. William H. Jacobs 

(Barbara Myers) 
Mrs. WilHam J. James 

(Sybil Foy) 
Albert B. Lee 
Frank B. Mangum 
Mrs. William H. Moore 

(Elizabeth Ann Turner) 
Leslie J. Page, Jr. 
Odean Puckett 
Mrs. William Riecken, Jr. 

(Jeanenne Pridgen) 
William S. Romey 
Louie C. Short 
Mrs. Louie C. Short 

(Frances Jo Peacock) 
Mrs. Richard L. Tourtellote 

(Janella Lansing) 
Mrs. Robert Vansuch 

(Jo Anne Cooper) 
Mrs. Lamar Weems 
(Nanette Weaver) 
Morris E. White 
Walter H. Williams 
Robert Thomas Woodard 


Dorothy Bainton 

(Dorothy Dee Ford) 
Fulton Barksdale 
Mrs. J. H. Bratton, Jr. 

(Alleen Sharp Davis) 
Mrs. Ewin D. Gaby, Jr. 

(Carolyn Hudspeth) 
George Lewis Hunt, Jr. 
William J. James 
Alvin Jon King 
Mrs. John T. Lewis 

(Helen Fay Head) 
John Bertrand Lott 
James N. McLeod 
Mrs. Samuel O. Massey, Jr. 

(Mary Lynn Graves) 


Mrs. Hardy Nail, Jr. 

(Ivey Wallace) 
Mrs. A. T. Rice 

(Lettie Kathryn King) 
Ellnora Riecken 
Mrs. John C. Sandefur 

(Mary Louise Flowers) 
Mrs. Peter Segota 

(Mary George Price) 
Mary Alice Shields 
W. M. Stephenson 
Mrs. Raymond Wilson 

(Betty Westbrook) 
Mrs. R. T. Woodard 

(Frances Moore) 
Ernest Workman 


Patrick G. Allen 
Emma Atkinson 
John M. Awad 
T. H. Boone 
Mrs. James L. Boyd 

(Charlotte Elliott) 
Jerry Boykin 
Mrs. J. Barry Brindley 

(Elsie Drake) 
Benjamin H. Brown, Jr. 
Mrs. Benjamin H. Brown. Jr. 

(Margaret Airey Woods) 
Shirley Caldwell 
John B. Campbell 
Mary T. Carnes 
Mrs. M. S. Corban 

(Margaret C. Hathorn) 
Mrs. William S. Cook 

(Barbara Jones) 
Zorah Curry 
Charles N. Deaton 
Walter E. Ely 
Albert W. Felsher, Jr. 
Richard D. Foxworth 
Stearns L. Hayward 
John Hubbard 
Mrs. Wayne Hudson 

(Clydell Carter) 
Mrs. Gordon Hensley 

(Claire King) 
Walton Lipscomb, III 
William E. Lampton 
Mrs. John D. McEachin 

(Sylvia Stevens) 
Ann Holmes McShane 
Mrs. Dan Stuart Murrell 

(Pat Hillman) 
Hardy Nail, Jr. 
William F. Powell 
Mrs. William F. Powell 

(Joan Lee) 
O. Gerald Trigg 
Edwin T. Upton 
Nathan R. Walley 
Mrs. Summer Walters 

(Betty Barfield) 
George A. Whitener 
Fred Harris Williams 
J. W. Wood 
Donald R. Youngs 


Mrs. Jim A. Boyd 

(Cara Lloyd Hemphill) 
Henry Carney 
Milton Olin Cook 
Mrs. Milton Olin Cook 

(Millicent King) 
Lloyd Allen Doyle 
Betty Dyess 
Graham Lee Hales, Jr. 
Mrs. Paul J. Illk 

(Goldie Crippen) 

Mrs. Alvah Carl Long, Jr. 

(Lynnice Parker) 
Mrs. Paul D. McConaughy 

(Wilda George) 
Max Harold McDaniel 

(Sandra Miller) 
Mrs. Jack M. McDonald 

(Betty Louise Landfair) 
John D. McEachin 
Dorothy Anita Perry 
John Philley 
Mrs. Bryant A. Reed, Jr. 

(Walter Jean Lamb) 
Daphne Ann Richardson 
Edward Stewart 
Mrs. O. Gerald Trigg 

(Rose Cunningham) 
Larry Tynes 
Summer Walters, Jr. 
Glenn Wimbish, Jr. 
Mrs. Donald R. Youngs 

(Cindy Falkenberry) 


Mrs. Raymond T. Arnold 

(Janice Mae Bower) 
Ronald P. Black 
Dewitt G. Crawford 
Mrs. Dewitt G. Crawford 

(Yvonne Griffin) 
Mrs. Jim DeRuiter 

(Jo Ann Wilson) 
Mrs. Kenneth Evans 

(Ann Elizabeth Dillard) 
James M. Ewing 
Thomas B. Fanning 
William L. Graham 
Mrs. William L. Graham 

(Betty Garrison) 
Ruth Ann Hall 
Howard S. Jones 
R. Edwin King, Jr. 
Mrs. R. Edwin King, Jr. 

(Jeannette Sylvester) 
Mrs. Peter J. Liacouras 

(Ann Locke Myers) 
Jack M. McDonald 
Mrs. John P. Morse 

(Claire Elizabeth Mann- 
Mrs. Donald C. Mosley 

(Susan Baird Young) 
Thomas H. Naylor 
Mrs. John P. Potter 

(Jeanette Ratcliff) 
Jack A. Tavlor 
Mrs. Jack A. Taylor 

(Pansy Barksdale) 
Sam A. Tomlinson, III 
Mrs. Sam A. Tomlinson. Ill 

(Glenda Wadsworth) 
Donald Grey Triplett 
Jim L. Waits 
Herbert Arthur Ward, Jr. 
Mrs. George A. Whitener 

(Joan Anderson) 
Mrs. Joseph E, Wilson, Jr. 

(Nancy Caroline Vines) 
Mrs. Robert F. Workman, Jr. 

(Mabel Gill) 
V. D. Youngblood 


Mrs. Bryant M. Allen 
(Jeanine Adcock) 

Rex Alman 

Mrs. Louis P. Andrews 
(Frances Holland) 

Tomie Randolph Aust 

William D. Balgord 

George Patrick Bonner 
Arnold A. Bush, Jr. 
Mrs. Billy O. Cherry 

(Shirley Mae Stoner) 
Joseph R. Cowart 
Mrs. Allen J. Dawson 
(Julia Anne Beckes) 
Fred Dowling 
John Louis Eddleman 
Franz Epting 
Mrs. Albert W. Flesher 

(Rosemary Parent) 
William R. Hendee 
Mrs. Lewis A. Lord 

(Cathryn Collins) 
Palmer Manning 
Marjorie Anne Marler 
Mrs. James Lamar Nation 

(Dorothy Jack Casey) 
Mrs. Leslie Joe Page, Jr. 

(Frances Irene West) 
Virginia Perry 
Suanna Smith 
Ophelia Tisdale 
D. Clifton Ware, Jr. 
Thomas C. Welch 
Ray L. Wesson 


Albert Y. Brown, Jr. 
Mrs. James T. Brown 

(Joan Frazier) 
Mrs. Arnold A. Bush 

(Zoe Harvey) 
Hunter McKelva Cole 
Avit J. Hebert 
Mrs. William R. Hendee 

(Jeannie Wesley) 
Mrs. William S. Hicks 

(Lucile Pillow) 
Charles R. Jennings 
Mrs. Charles R. Jennings 

(Ann Snuggs) 
Mrs. William E. Lampton 

(Sandra Jo Watson) 
James Ronny Langston 
Donald D. Lewis 
Robert E. McArthur 
William E. McKnight 
Mrs. William E. McKnight 

(Sue Belle Roberts) 
Edna McShane 
John T. Rush 
Mrs. Robert M. Still 

(Mary Lee Bethune) 
Elizabeth I. Walter 
.Mrs. D. Clifton Ware, Jr. 

(Bettve Oldham) 
Mrs. Thomas C. Welch 

(Josephine Anne Goodwin) 
Mrs. Glenn Wimbish 

(Evelyn Godbold) 
Margaret Woodall 


Frank B. Baker 
Mrs. Frank B. Baker 

(Alice Grey Wiggers) 
Frank G. Carney 
Mrs. Evelyn Grant Carter 

(Evelyn Grant) 
Nina Cunningham 
Mrs. Fred Dowling 

(Betty Jean Burgdorff) 
Edward L. Gieger, Jr. 
James L. Humphries 
Mrs. Donald D. Lewis 

(Ruth Marie Tomlinson) 
Wade H. Russell 


Mrs. George Patrick Bonner 

(Nancy Lipscomb) 
Mrs. Gary H. Minar 

(Barbara Kay Goodyear) 
Mrs. Phineas Stevens 

(Patricia Land) 

Alumna and Daughter at 


Year Unknown 

Mrs. Marv Belle Beacham 

(Marv Bell Wright) 
Lillie Ellis 
Melvin Ellis 
Mrs. Albert McLemore 

(Anne Tillman) 
Mrs. Hubert Scrivener 

(Martha Evelyn O'Brien 
Mrs. Mattie Williamson 

(Mattie Murff) 


Mrs. C. A. Bowen 
Mrs. James C. Crews 
Mrs. Robert M. Gibson 
Mrs. H. J. Hale 
Ravmond King 
R. I\I. Steelbinder 
Mrs. R. M. Steelbinder 
Francis B. Stevens 
Phineas Stevens 

Corporate Alumnus Program 

American & Foreign Power 
Company. Incorporated 
(Matching gift by Mr. & 
Mrs. John T. Kimball) 

Connecticut General Life 
Insurance Company 
(Matching gift by William 
P. Williams) 

Dow Chemical Company 
(Matching gift by A. G. 

Gulf Oil Corporation 

(Matching gift by W. B. 
Hall, Jr.) 

International Business Ma- 
chines Corporation 
(Matching gift by James 
Barry Brindley) 

George Patrick Bonner 


Major Investors 

The persons listed below contributed $100 or more to the 1961-62 Alumni Fund. The number of people 
making this type gift increases from year to year and will continue to do so as more and more alumni 
realize that their support of higher education is a sound investment. 

J. W. Alford, '30 

Henry V. Allen, Jr., '36 

E. L. Anderson, Jr., '25-'27 

Dr. C. C. Applewhite, '07 

Dr. Sam E. Ashmore, '16-'17 

W. E. Ayres, '54 

Mrs. W. E. Ayres, '53 

(Diane Brown) 
Mrs. Ross Barnett, '26 

(Pearl Crawford) 
W. A. Bealle, '26 
Dr. John Clark Boswell, '29-'30 
Mrs. John Clark Boswell, '32 

(Ruth Ridgway) 
Rev. Norman U. Boone, '33 
Rev. R. R. Branton, '27 
Mrs. R. R. Branton, '28 

(Doris Alford) 
Rex I. Brown, '51 
Carolyn Bufkin, '47 
Dr. Elmer Dean Calloway, '48 
Rev. J. H. Cameron, '47 
Mrs. J. H. Cameron, '47 

(Burnell Gillaspy) 
Alexander B. Campbell, '10 
William J. Caraway, '35 
Mrs. W. J. Caraway, '35 

(Catherine Josephine Ross) 
Charles Carr, '20-'22 
Craig Castle, '47 
Mrs. Charles W. Chadwick, '36 

(Evelyn Elizabeth Clark) 
Reynolds Cheney, '31 
Mrs. Reynolds Cheney, '33 

(Winifred Green) 
G. C. Clark, '38 
Joe W. Coker, '27 
Gilbert C. Cook, '08 
Manley W. Cooper, '12 
Victor B. Gotten, '40-'41 
Dr. Eugene H. Countiss, '29 
Robert L. Crawford, '52 
Mrs. R. L. Crawford, '49-'52 

(Mabel Clair Buckley) 
Dr. Clarence H. Denser, '47 
Mrs. R. T. Edgar, '38 

(Annie Katherine Dement) 
John R. Enochs, '33 
Dr. James M. Ewing, '58 

Mrs. James M. Ewing, '28 

(Maggie Flowers) 
Dr. H. E. Finger, '37 
Edward S. Fleming, '42 
Mrs. Edward S. Fleming, '43 

(Helen Mae Ruoff) 
Bishop Marvin Franklin, '52 
Ewin D. Gaby, Jr., '53 
Mrs. Ewing D. Gaby, Jr., '51-'53 

(Carolyn Hudspeth) 
Mrs. R. E. Green, W. '31 

(Doris Ball) 
Mrs. Sam Grizzle, Gre. '05-'06 

(Margie Alvaretta Gaddy) 
S. C. Hart, '00-'04 
Howard G. Hilton, '44-'45, •47-'48 
Dr. Robert HoUingsworth, '47 
Dr. John B. Howell, Jr., '33 
Dr. J. Manning Hudson, '40 
Dr. George H. Jones, '25 
Harris A. Jones, '99 
Howard S. Jones, '58 
Maurice Jones, '34 
Mrs. Wylie V. Kees, '33 

(Mary Sue Burnham) 
John T. Kimball, '34 
Mrs. John T. Kimball, '44 

(Louise Day) 
Mrs. Raymond E. King, '51 

(Yvonne Mclnturff) 
Sam Lampton, '13 
Herbert H. Lester, '13 
Dr. Earl T. Lewis, '50 
Mrs. Earl T. Lewis, '51 

(Mary Sue Enochs) 
Walton Lipscomb, III, '56 
Richard G. Lord, Jr., '38-'39 
Ralph McCool, '36-'37 
Mrs. Ralph McCool, '40 

(Bert Watkins) 
James Clyde McGee, '01-'03 
Wesley Merle Mann, '28 
Mrs. Wesley Merle Mann, '28 

(Frances Wortman) 
Robert M. Mayo, '37 
Marjorie Miller, '41 
Mrs. R. E. Dumas Milner, '41 

(Myrtle Ruth Howard) 
Dr. William E. Moak, '42-'44 

Mrs. William E. Moak, '42-'44 

(Lucy Gerald) 
Dr. John W, Moore, '53 
Mrs. John W. Moore, '53 

(Virginia Edge) 
John A. Neill, '49 
George B. Pickett, '27-'30 
Mrs. J. Earl Rhea, '38 

(Mildred Clegg) 
John B. Ricketts, '05 
Dr. Henry C. Ricks, Jr., '40 
Mrs. C. R. Ridgway, Sr., W. '07 

(Hattie Lewis) 
Charles Robert Ridgway, Jr., '35 
W. B. Ridgway, '36-'38 
Dr. Walter S. Ridgway, '43 
Solon F. Riley, '28 
Charlton S. Roby, '42 
Vic Roby, '38 
Nat Rogers, '41 
Mrs. Nat Rogers, '42 

(Helen Ricks) 
Dr. Thomas G. Ross, '36 
Mrs. Dewey Sanderson, '50 

(Fannie Buck Leonard) 
Frank T. Scott, '13 
Austin L. Shipman, '21 
Fred B. Smith, '12 
Lemuel O. Smith, Jr., '26-'27 
Mrs. Lemuel O. Smith, '34 

(Margaret Flowers) 
Mrs. Francis B. Stevens, '42 

(Ann Elizabeth Herbert) 
Mrs. Phineas Stevens, '58-'59 

(Patricia Land) 
Edward Stewart, '57 
Curtis M. Swango, '27 
Orrin H. Swayze, '27 
Mrs. Orrin H. Swayze, '27 

(Catherine Power) 
Dr. William N. Thomas, ■08-'12 
Janice Trimble, '43 
A. T. Tucker, '39 
D. M. White, '17 
Dr. Noel C. Womack, '44 
Mrs. Noel C. Womack, '44 

(Flora Mae Arant) 
Dr. Charles N. Wright, '48 
Mrs. Charles N. Wright, '53 

(Betty Small) 
V. D. Youngblood, '58 


Designated Gifts 


Art Department _. Howard S. Jones 

College Camera _ Anonymous 

Mr. and Mrs. George P. Bonner 

Mr. and Mrs. Tom Boone 

George Pickett 

Charlton S. Roby 

Dr. and Mrs. Louie C. Short 

Dr. and Mrs. Noel C. Womack 

Development Rev. Norman U. Boone 

Dr. W. B. Gates 

Endowment Fund — Walton Lipscomb. Ill 

German Department Howard S. Jones 

Kimball Student Aid Fund Mr. and Mrs. John T. Kimball 

Library Allen T. Cassity 

Mr. and Mrs. William F. Powell 
George Pickett 

Maintenance ...Bishop Marvin Franklin 

Harvey T. Newell 
Memorial Scholarship Charlton S. Roby 

Lillian Priddy Scholarship Fund Dr. S. E. Ashmore 

Rev. and Mrs. Hubert L. Barlow 

Dr. Dean Calloway 

Rev. C. C. Clark 

Rev. Frank E. Dement 

Robert L. Ezelle, Sr. 

Edward L. Gibson 

William T. Hankins 

Rev. Garland H. Holloman 

Reber B. Layton 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas H. Naylor 

John Philley 

George B. Pickett 

Dr. and Mrs. James D. Powell 

Mrs. Alexander Sivewright 

Memorial Gifts 

Memorial Book Fund 


Frances W. Butterfield .Louise Cortright 

Richard King Mrs. James W. Hardy 

Aubrey C. Maxted 

Dr. William E. Riecken, Sr .Dr. and Mrs. William E. Riecken 

Pearl Spann Emma Willie Spann 


Mrs. AUie White Alford Mr. and Mrs. William Barksdale 

J. R. Cavett Mr. and Mrs. George Pickett 

Mrs. C. E. Deweese Dr. and Mrs. Noel C. Womack 

R. L. Ezelle, Sr. Mrs. Louise P. Andrews 

Mr. and Mrs. William E. Barksdale 
Dr. and Mrs. John Clark Boswell 
Rex L Brown 
' ^i?^ Mr. and Mrs. Webb Buie 

Gilbert C. Cook, Sr. 
Mrs. James C. Crews 
^^ Mendell M. Davis 

^ ^*; i R. T. Edgar Family 

'^ ySp t/i^ ^"i^ Dr. James S. Ferguson 

/« j'^ -'^^ Dr. and Mrs. H. E. Finger 

Mrs. W. F. Goodman 
, i 1 Ml ^ Hi^^HB Harriet Heidelberg 

/a/ « ■ B^BBI Mae Black Heidelberg 


.J ^^^^^^A^dtilMl Miss Bethany Swearingen, Millsaps librEuian, 

'*^^^^^^^^^^^ takes time out to assist a student doing research at 

the handsome Millsaps-Wilson Library. 


Special Gifts 

Memorial Book Fund 



Mr. and Mrs. Cary Jones 

Mr. and Mrs. T. F. Larche 

Mrs. J. Walton Lipscomb 

Mr. and Mrs. Richard McRae 

Mr. and Mrs. Merle Mann 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Maynor 

Robert C. Mayo 

W. Norton Miller 

Dr. and Mrs. Ross H. Moore 

Helen Morehead 

Mrs. Howard Morris 

Mr. and Mrs. William L. Norton 

Randolph D. Peets, Sr. 

Rev. Ross A. Pickett 

Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Pickett 

Dr. J. B. Price 

Mrs. Rose Wells Reynolds 

Charles R. Ridgway 

Charlton Roby 

Mr. and Mrs. Nat Rogers 

Dr. Thomas G. Ross 

John C. Satterfield 

Mrs. Ruth Pickett Smith 

William J. Tremaine, Jr. 

Dr. and Mrs. Jesse L. Wofford 

Dr. and Mrs. John D. Wofford 

Dr. and Mrs. Noel C. Womack 

V. D. Youngblood 

Gus H. Ford Robert L. Ezelle 

Joe Henry Dr. and Mrs. Noel C. Womack 

Mrs. J. W. Latham C. R. Ridgway 

A. S. McClendon Mr. and Mrs. George Pickett 

Evelyn McGahey Mr. and Mrs. William E. Barksdale 

Dr. and Mrs. R. M. Steelbinder 

Mrs. Gordon Patton Mr. and Mrs. George Pickett 

Rev. and Mrs. R. T. Pickett Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Pickett, Jr. 

Mrs. R. T. Pickett Dr. and Mrs. John Clark Boswell 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred J. Ezelle 

Dr. and Mrs. H. E. Finger 

Mr. and Mrs. William L. Norton 

Mrs. Howard Morris 

Rose Wells Reynolds 

Charles R. Ridgway, Jr. 

Charlton Roby 

Dr. Thomas G. Ross 

Dr. and Mrs. Noel C. Womack 

Mrs. R. R. Priddy C. R. Ridgway 

Dr. Thomas G. Ross 

A. L. Rogers Robert L. Ezelle, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Pickett 
Dr. Henry C. Ricks, Jr. 
C. R. Ridgway 

Charles Russell Dr. and Mrs. Noel C. Womack 

Mrs. Hugh Smith Robert L. Ezelle 

Mr. and Mrs. George Pickett 
C, R. Ridgway 
Judge and Mrs. J. M. Stevens C. R. Ridgway 

Mrs. J. Morgan Stevens Dr. and Mrs. Noel C. Womack 

John Sutton ...Mr. and Mrs. George Pickett 

J. S. Wise Mr. and Mrs. George Pickett 


Major Miscellany 


The new science building at East 
Central Juinor College was named for 
Frank McKenzie Cross, '24, who has 
taught science at the junior college 
since 1933. Students and faculty hon- 
ored him on ECJC's homecoming day, 
October 27, dedicating the building in 
a special ceremony. Mr. Cross is the 
senior member of the faculty. 

Mrs. E. B. Boatner (Maxine Tull, '24) 
is at work on her second biography. 
She and her husband, Dr. E. B. Boat- 
ner, '19-'21, are leaders in the field 
of deaf education, and make their 
home in West Hartford, Connecticut. 

The Reverend Eual E. Samples, '37, 
pastor of the First Methodist Church, 
Canton, Mississippi, participated in the 
South American Evangelistic Mission 
this fall, traveling to Panama, Peru, 
Chile, Argentina, Uraguay and Brazil. 
He was one of forty Methodist pastors 
chosen for this work, the only Missis- 
sippian participating. Mr. Samples 
prepared reports on missionary devel- 
opments in South America for the 
Mississippi Conference, whic.h he 
serves as missionary secretary. 

The Holston Annual Conference of 
the Methodist Church appointed Dr. 
Roy DeLamotte, '39, instructor in Bi- 
ble and Philosophy at Painte College, 
Augusta, Georgia. 

Spurgeon P. Gaskin, '32, an execu- 
tive for many years with the Boy 
Scouts of America, has been named 
scout regional director for the South- 
eastern states, with offices in Atlanta. 
Mr. Gaskin has three brothers who are 
also Scout executives. Mrs. Gaskin is 
the former Carlee Swayze, '33. 


The U. S, Air Force announced that 
Alfred H. Uhalt, '49-'51, is one of ten 
Air Force pilots chosen to train for 
the first American moon flight. Uhalt 
learned the mechanics of piloting a 
plane as a boy in Jackson and contin- 
ued his education, after graduation 
from Central High School, at Millsaps. 
He went from Millsaps into an Air 
Force cadet program making an out- 
standing scholastic record. The ten 
persons chosen for the Air Force Dyna- 
Soar iprogram will be trained as the 
first Americans to actually pilot a 
craft to the moon and back. 

Receiving: lines can be fun — especially when tlie occasion is 
Millsaps class reunion, at Homecoming. 

Floyd Gillis, '42, associate professor 
of economics at Purdue University, 
was honored by the Class of '62. Grad- 
uates at Purdue traditionally select the 
professor they prefer to deliver a final 
lecture before graduation. The annual 
lecture is called "The Last Word," and 
1962 graduates chose Professor Gillis. 

Ernest L. Jordon, Jr., '49, was award- 
ed the C. L. U. (Chartered Life Under- 
writer) designation at national con- 
ferment exercises of the American Col- 
lege of Life Underwriters in Chicago. 
The C. L. U. is awarded on the basis 
cf a series of professional examina- 
tions, experience and ethical require- 
ments. Mr. Jordan is general agent for 
the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Co., and he and Mrs. Jordan 
(Virginia Ann Batton, '48) reside with 
their three children on Signal Moun- 
tain, outside Chattanooga, Tennessee. 

Jolin J. Cain, Jr., '46-'47, formerly 
general manager and vice-president of 
"Redbook," is now publisher and top 

executive of that magazine. He is also 
the subject of a salutory feature in the 
current issue of "Southern Advertising 
and Publishing magazine." Mr. Cain 
resides in Connecticut. 


The Korean government presented 
the public welfare medal to Miss 
Peggy Billings, '50, missionary director 
cf the noted Tai Wha Christian Social 
Center in Seoul. The citation read at 
the presentation, held on Korea's an- 
nual Liberation Day, commended Miss 
Billings as having "worked tirelessly 
and with a deep spirit of devotion 
among the Korean people, promoting 
their spiritual, physical and social wel- 
fare." A native of McComb, Miss Bill- 
ings was graduated from Millsaps with 
a bachelor of science degree in biology. 
She is author of "The Waiting People," 
one of the books in the Methodist 
Church's 1962-63 overseas mission stu- 
dy, "The Christian Mission on the Rim 
of East Asia." 


The Reverend Harold Edwards, '56, 
recently assumed his duties as minister 
of education at First Christian Church, 
El Paso, Texas. He previously served 
as minister of education for churches 
in Abilene and Tyler, Texas. He and 
Mrs. Edwards have a son and a daugh- 

Ed Sturdivant, '55, has been appoint- 
ed to the position of professor of voice 
and director of opera workshop at 
Auburn University. In addition to 
taeching, Mr. Sturdivant has worked 
professionally as an actor, singer, di- 
rector in stock theater and television. 

Shirley Brown, '57, recently left for 
Europe as entertainment director for 
Special Services. 

Dr. Ellis Moffatt, '55-'56, completed 
his residency in allergy at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia July 1, and moved 
to Louisville, Kentucky, with his fam- 
ily. In Louisville, he is doing residen- 
cy in internal medicine at the Veterans' 
Hospital. His wife. Dr. Nina Bess (Goss) 
Moffatt, '46. is doing residency in psy- 
chiatry at Louisville General Hospital. 
She is the sister of Lance Goss, '48, 
well known director of the Millsaps 
Players and Associate Professor of 
Speech. The Moffatts have two chil- 
dren: six year old John Ellis and four 
year old Gini. 

President Kennedy has appointed 
Donald R. Stacy, '61, a Vice Consul 
and Secretary in the Diplomatic Serv- 
ice. Mr. Stacy is presently attending 
the Foregin Service Institute in Ar- 
lington, Virginia, in preparation for 
his overseas assignment. 

The first student to receive the new 
Pfizer Laboratories Medical Scholar- 
ship is S. Kimbal Love, '60, a senior at 
the University of Mississippi School of 
Medicine. He was selected for the 
$1,000 scholarship primarily on the 
basis of academic achievement. He is 
married to the former Anne Ruth 
Hyman, '57-'58. and they have two 

Francis M. Libbey, '61, was one of 
50 applicants selected, out of more than 
2,000 candidates, for the U. S. Civil 
Service Commission "Project 50," a 
one year training program. Mr. Libbey 
was employed as personnel manage- 
ment assistant as a result of his out- 
standing performance on the Federal 
Service entrance examination. 

Barbara Bratton, '61, is teaching two 
classes of freshman English at Mis- 
sissippi State. She is enrolled in grad- 
uate school and is a candidate for an 
MA degree in English. 

William Eugene Loper, Jr., '53. was 
sworn in recently as federal probation 
officer for the southern district of Mis- 
sissippi. Formerly youth court coun- 
sellor in Harrison County, Loper said 
that his special interest had been in 
working with delinquents and young 
adults with problems. 

Loper's duties as probation officer 
include counselling and job placement. 

Dr. Barry Stewart, '53-'56, recently 
began his practice of dentistry in Bates- 
ville. He and Mrs. Stewart (the former 
Jerre Gee, '57) have one daughter, Lau- 
ra Ann. 

Dr. Enoch G. Dangerfield, '57, is sei^'- 
ing a residency in psychiatry at the 
University of Utah College of Medi- 

Captain Reginald S. Lowe, "56, Army 
Medical Corps, recently began ad- 
vanced specialized training in optha- 
mology as a resident physician at Wal- 
ter Reed General Hospital , Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

The watercolors, drawings and paint- 
ings of Mack Cole, '60. were exhibited 
recently at the Museum of Art in 
Laurel. Playbill cover designs for the 
Millsaps Players were also included 
in the exhibit. Mr. Cole is an instruc- 
tor at Jones County Junior College. 

Dr. Henry Pipes Mills, Jr., is com- 
pleting his final year of opthamology 
residency at Baylor University Medi- 
cal School. The Mills and their three 
children make their home in Houston. 


Newly elected president of the Na- 
tional Conference of the Methodist 
Student Movement is Mrs. Gayle 
Graham Yates, '61. She attended grad- 
;Uate school at Vanderbilt and is pre- 
sently enrolled in Boston University 
School of Theology. Mrs. Yates is a 
former president of the Mississippi 

i Mrs. Richard C. Lolcama (Ray 
[Hutchinson, '60) and her husband are 
|in Finland under the Fulbright Awards 
[program. Mr. Lolcama is studying cer- 
famics at the University in Helsinki. 

^ Joseph Bailey, '60. is an instructor 
iin the Division of Business English, 
at the University of Illinois. He re- 
:eived his Master's degree from L.S.U. 
and is doing work toward his Ph. D. 
at Illinois. Mrs. Bailey is the former 
Wargaret Ann (Peggy) Rogers, '60. 

The Purple and White — still good reading for alumni. 


Nancy Dunham Worley, '61, to John 
Dewin Ziller, Jr. Living in Meridian, 
Mississippi, where Mrs. Ziller is teach- 
ing English at Griffin Jr. High. 

Jean Mary Kinnaird, '38, to George 
Albert Brueske. Living in Ridgefield, 

Suzanna Mize, '62. to William Wal- 
ton Orr, current student. Living in 
Jackson where Mrs. Orr is teaching 
history at Murrah High School. 

Erma Joyce NaU, '58, to Richard 
Ward Dortch. Living in Jackson. 

Dorothy Anita Perry, '57, to Eddie 
Evaughn Barlow, Jr. Living in White- 
haven, Tennessee, where Mrs. Bar- 
low is teaching English at Whiteha- 
ven High school. 

Nancy Lucile Reed, '55-'57, to Ken- 
ton Chickering, HL Living in Hat- 
tiesburg, Mississippi. 

Jean Frances Sain, former director 
of women's physical education, to 
Arthur B. Wilkerson, Jr. Living in 

Mary Kathryn Sprayberry to Walter 
Williams Gamer, Jr., '55-'56. Living 
in Grenada, Mississippi. 

Mary Louise Strickland, '58-'61, to 
Stanley Frederick Gibson. Living in 
Cleveland, Mississippi. Mrs. Gibson 
is teaching business at Glenn Allan 
High school. 

Esther Jane Swartzfager to Dr. 
Samuel Eugene Field, Jr., '56. Living 
in New Orleans, Louisiana, where Dr. 
Field is doing a residency in surgery 
at Charity Hospital. 

Elizabeth Inez Walter, '60, to Lynn 
Brett Willcockson. Living in Denver, 

Susan Marie Ward, '59-'61, to Jack 
Reese Clement, '62. Living in Tusca- 
loosa, Alabama, where they are con- 
tinuing their education at the Uni- 
versity of Alabama. 

Sara Lucille Webb, '61, to Richard 
Muldrow Smith. Living in Fayettevil- 
le, Arkansas where Mrs. Smith is 
teaching and both are attending the 
University of Arkansas. 

Carole Dean Whiteside, '62, to Mar- 
vin Travis Hurdle. Living in Way- 
cross, Georgia, where Mrs. Hurdle is 
teaching high school mathematics. 

Nell Brantley, '58-'60, to James E. 
Brown. Living in Hattiesburg, Mis- 

Carol Elizabeth Broun, '58, to 
Adolph Joseph Wansong. Living in 
Washington, D. C. 

Mary Sue Cater, '60, to James Al- 
bert Nicholas, Jr. 

Carol Ann Cavin to Charles William 
Satterfield, '60. 

Sarah Frances Clark, '47, to How- 
ard K. Bowman, Jr. Living in Orlan- 
do, Florida. 

Hilda Marie Cochran, '61, to Clar- 
ence Wood Roberts. Living in Scooba, 

Senith Ann Couillard, '62, to Ancel 
Cramer Tipton, Jr. Living in Jack- 

Dorothy Ann Cox, '60-'61, to Arthur 
L. Allen, Jr. Living in New Orleans, 

Julia Marie Dawson, '62, to Allen 
David Bishop, Jr., '60. Living in Bat- 
on Rouge, Louisiana while Mr. Bish- 
op continues his studies at Louisiana 
State University. 

Mildred Dowling, '61, to Joe Robin- 
son. Living in Gulfport, Mississippi. 

Virginia Carolyn Dunn, '62, to Ben- 
jamin Mayfield Goodwin, Jr., '62. 
Living in Memphis where Mr. Good- 
win is attending Southwestern to 
complete his pre-medical studies. 

Larry Evon Ford, '61, to John ' 
Thomas Noblin, '62. Living in Oxford, 
Mississippi where Mr. Noblin is en- 
rolled in the University of Mississippi 
School of Law. 

LeLoras Ann Gill to Ray Lamar ■ 
Wesson, '59. Living in Jackson where 
both are students at the University 
Medical Center. 

Garner Wynn Green to Charles 
Emory Hughes, '61. Living in Ox- 
ford, Mississippi while Mr. Hughes 
continues his studies at the Univer- 
sity of Mississippi Law School. 

Sara Ruth Hand, '62, to Lee Rhodes 
Reid, Jr. Living in Atlanta, Georgia. 

Sue Hart, '62, to Morris Lee Thig- 
pen, current student. Living in Jack- 
son where Mrs. Thigpen is teaching 
at Spann Elementary School. 

Juan Dean Herrington, '59-'60, to 
Jyles Eaves. Living in Jackson. 

muh alomn/ 

Former coeds attending Homecoming 
reminisce with "The Bobashela." 

(Children listed in the column must 
be under one year of age. Please 
report births promptly to assure pub- 

William O'Brien Campbell, born 
March 30 to Mr. and Mrs. Douglas 
Campbell, of Jackson. Mr. Campbell 
attended from '55 to '59. Brien was 
welcomed by 2V2 - year - old Donna 

Warren Robert Coile, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Billy Robert Coile (Gail 
Moorhead), '61 and '57, of Jackson, 
on August 9. 

James Hampton Dowling, born Aug- 
ust 10 to Mr, and Mrs. Fred Dowling 
(Betty Jean Burgdorff), '59 and '57-: 
'58, of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 

Roddie Roy Gantt, born June 30 to 
Mr. and Mrs. James Stewart Gantt (El- 
ise Mcintosh, '55-'57). of Birmingham, 

Charles Allen Haynes, born Sep- 
tember 13 to Dr. and Mrs. Robert 
Vaughn Haynes, of Houston, Texas. 
Mr. Haynes graduated in 1952. Cathy 
and Carolyn complete the family. 

Jon Thomas Hood, born to Mr. and 
Mrs. James Ray Hood (Amanda 
Farmer), '58 and '60, of Jackson, on 
May 21. 



students and faculty enjoy timeout 
n the modern grill of the Student 
Jnion Building. 

Scott Allan Hutson, born July 11 to 
\J[t. and Mrs. Jay D. Hutson (Diane 
3urke, '62). The Hutsons reside in 

Marvin Homer Jeter, III, born June 
13 to Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Homer 
reter, Jr. (Betty Dribben), '58 and '60, 
)f Jackson. 

Timothy Parker Long, born to Mr. 
md Mrs. Alvah C. Long, Jr. (Lynnice 
='arker, '57), of Birmingham, Ala- 
)ama, on May 28. Timothy was wel- 
comed by Alvah Carl Long, IIL 

Richard Charles Lowe, born April 
!3 to Captain and Mrs. Charles Foster 
-,owe. of Aschaffensburg, Germany. 
Z^aptain Lowe graduated in 1957. Bar- 
3ara, 2, welcomed her brother. 

Christopher Dow Marshall, born 
\ugust 12 to Mr. and Mrs. Freddie 
Say Marshall, of Austin, Texas. Mr. 
Marshall graduated in 1949. The 
Vlarshalls have three other children. 

Andrew William Martin, born to 
Vlr. and Mrs. A. W. Martin, Jr. (Beat- 
•ice Williamson, '55), of Whites Creek, 
Pennessee, on October 4. Sally, SVs, 
;reeted her brother. 

Anita Renee Richmond, born June 
.1 to Mr. and Mrs. James Renan 
Richmond (Jane Travis, '58), of Mo- 
)ile, Alabama. 

Jeffrey Glenn Sills, born February 
16 to Mr. and Mrs. Joe Byrd Sills 
Myra Evelyn Nichols), '48 and '47, 
j)f Stuttgart, Arkansas. 

Staci Hamilton Stubbs, born to Mr. 
md Mrs. Jacky Stubbs (Betty Ann 
lamilton, '60), of Magee, Mississippi, 
)n January 14. 

Edna Ann and Nancy Dorris Was- 
son, born July 25 to the Reverend 
[ind Mrs. Warren Wasson, of Perry, 
Florida. The Reverend Wasson grad- 
iated in 1955. Edna and Nancy were 
velcomed by Luke, 3. 

Martha Ellen Wilkins, born August 
LI to Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Wilkins 
Martha Ann Huddleston), both '58-'60, 
)f Oxford, Mississippi, 

Editor's Note: Miss Bethany 
Swearingen, Millsaps librarian, re- 
ceived a library gift, that will 
benefit students and faculty, from 
the Reverend W. L. Duren, D. D., 
minister emeritus, New Orleans. 
Mr. Duren's explanatory letter is 
published below in the belief that 
it will be of interest to alumni. 

Swanton Manor 
1224 St. Charles Ave. 
New Orleans 13, La. 
October 25, 1962 

Dr. H. E. Finger, Jr,, President 
Millsaps College 
Jackson, Miss. 

Dear Doctor Finger: 

Several days ago I sent you, car- 
riage prepaid, an additional box of 
books which I had not found when 
the library of Methodist history was 
delivered to Douglas. 

It had long been my desire to 
place this library where it might be 
reasonably safe and might be made 
available to Mississippi and to ad- 
jacent areas including Millsaps Col- 
lege, areas to which I owe a debt 
which I hereby acknowledge, but 
can never discharge, 

I am happy to place it in the li- 
brary of Millsaps College where, in 
1902, I received my commission to 
serve in a larger world than I had 
known hitherto. Within that wider 
field, I have given of my best for 
exactly sixty years. I leave it for 
others to say whether worthily or 

On October 27, I am due to reach 
Ihe ninety-second milestone of my 
career and on the day following, I 
am resigning from active duty, and 
I have chosen at this time to deliver 
for others the "weapons of my war- 
fare" of a material nature. 

There are no strings attached to 
my gift, except that it may be a 
research library, not a loan library. 
I hope that it may have wide and 
effective use. I wish that research- 
ers, who may use the books now 
made available to them, may be as- 
sured that, though from the spirit 
world, I'll be looking over their 
shoulder with a feeling of affec- 
tionate solicitude. 


W. L. DUREN, '02 

3n Jlemoriam 

This column is dedicated to the 
memory of graduates, former stu- 
dents, and friends who have passed 
away in recent months. Every effort 
has been made to compile an ac- 
curate list, but there will be uninten- 
tional omissions. Your help is solicited 
in order that we may make the col- 
umn as complete as possible. Those 
whose memory we honor are as fol- 

The Reverend CoUye W. Alford, '22, 
who died September 23. He was a 
resident of St. Petersburg, Florida, 

John A. Anderson, '13-17, who died 
October 17, He lived in Jackson, 

Harold J. Best, '38, who died Aug- 
ust 26. He lived in Natchez, Missis- 

The Reverend Jack L. Caldwell, 
'41, who died October 17 after a long 
illness. He was a resident of Jackson. 

S. W. Dismukes, '92-'96, who died in 
November, 1961. He resided in Green- 

J. P. Edwards, '98, who died De- 
cember 4, 1961, He lived in Menden- 

The Reverend James E. J. Fergu- 
son, friend of Millsaps and father of 
Dr, James S. Ferguson, former dean 
of Millsaps, died September 3. He 
was a resident of Jackson, 

Harvey B. Heidelberg, '03, who died 
in May. He was a resident of Clarks- 
dale, Mississippi. 

Elbert E. Henry, '12-'14, who died 
of a heart attack in July. He lived 
in Fort Worth, Texas. 

Mrs. O. S. Lewis (Evelyn Stevens 

Cook, Whitworth '06), who died Oc- 
tober 17. She was a resident of Hat- 
tiesburg, Mississippi. 

John Sharp Moon, '28-'32, who died 
November 17, 1961, after a long ill- 
ness. He lived in Lumberton, Missis- 

John M. Sawyer, '43, who died June 
5. He was a resident of Auburn, Ala- 

Dr. Milton C. White, for 40 years 
chairman of the department of Eng- 
lish at Millsaps, who died November 
11 after an illness of several months. 


Events Of Note . . . 

(Continued from Page 4) 


An ambitious program of alumni 
support for Millsaps College in the 
areas of alumni participation, develop- 
ment, finance, programs, and student- 
alumni relations, has been planned for 
the 1962-63 academic year. 

The plans were announced by Fred 
Ezelle, president of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation, following a 3-hour meeting of 
the 46-member Board of Directors on 
October 13. 

Included in the program were a 
stepped up campaign for current sup- 
port among alumni and friends through- 
out the nation and the implementation 
of a plan to establish key men com- 
mittees in population centers in 
Mississippi and Millsaps clubs in 
out-of-state locations. 

The fall meeting of the Board co- 
incided with the annual Homecoming 
weekend celebration attended this year 
by several hundred alumni from across 
the nation. Feature events of the two 
day program were fourteen class re- 
unions, the annual Homecoming Ban- 
quet, and the Millsaps-Southwestem 
football game, won this year 20-0 by 
the improving Majors. 

Elected last spring to serve with 
Ezelle were Dr. C. C. Applewhite, Jack- 
son, Dr. Eugene Countiss, New Orleans, 
and Julian Prince, Corinth, vice presi- 
dents; and Mrs. Francis Stevens, sec- 

Heading the 1962 Alumni Fund are 
two of Jackson's leading business exec- 
utives. James W. Campbell and Orrin 
Swayze will furnish leadership for a 
campaign which officials are predicting 
will go far beyond previous Alumni 
Fund results. 

New directors appointed this year 
for three year terms on the alumni 
board are William H. Bizzell, Cleve- 
land; Gordon Carr, Vicksburg; Mrs. 
Harry Cavalier, Biloxi; Ernestine 
Crisler, Jackson; the Reverend N. A. 
Dickson, Columbia; Chauncey Godwin, 
Tupelo; Dr. J. H. Holleman, Columbus; 
Dr. T. F. McDonnell, Hazlehurst; Otho 
Monroe, Senatobia; T. H. Naylor, Jack- 
son; and Dr. Lowery Rush, Jr., Meri- 

... an academic procession to 
mark the beginning of the seventy- 
first session. 


Enrollment statistics this semester 
show an increase over previous years. 
Paul D. Hardin, registrar, announced 
an enrollment of 918, with men stu- 
dents outnumbering women. Geo- 
graphical distribution analysis showed 
students enrolled from 24 states, the 
District of Columbia and four foreign 
countries. Seventy-three of Mississip- 
pi's eighty-two counties are repre- 
sented with Hinds leading with 284 

The enrollment survey showed sev- 
enteen denominations named by stu- 
dents. Leading were Methodists, 510, 
followed by Baptist, 169; Episcopal, 
67; Presbyterian, 65; Roman Catho- 
lic, 34; Disciples of Christ, 16; Uni- 
tarian, 12; Church of Christ, 7; Jew- 
ish, 7; Lutheran, 4; Greek Orthodox, 
3; Church of Nazarene, 1, Christian 
Science, 1; Advent Christian, 1; First 
Evangelical, 1; Congregational, 1. 
Eight students gave no denomination- 
al affiliation or preference. 


Special days this fall honored par 
ents and future Millsaps students 
Parents Day activities included tours 
of the campus and conferences with 
faculty and administrators. The Rev 
erend and Mrs. T. H. Ferrell of Stark 
ville were named "Parents of tht 
Year" in ceremonies at the Christiar 

On High School Day, students fron 
Mississippi and adjoining states wert 
given a comprehensive view of campus 


Dr. Robert M. Lumiansky, provost 
and dean of the graduate school ol 
Tulane University, was speaker at 
the formal opening of the seventy- 
first session of Millsaps College. 

Lumiansky cited the current imbal- 
ance between the humanites and 
science as "progressively damaging 
to our educational system." 

"It may well be that this factor, 
plus others, means that a diminish- 
ing proportion of the ablest young 
people are choosing to prepare them' 
selves for careers as teacher-scholars 
in the humanities," he said. 

Lumiansky called for the establish- 
ment of a national foundation to fi- 
nance study in the Humanities anc 
described the availability of support 
for scientific research, training anc 

An academic procession which in- 
cluded members of the faculty anc 
the senior class preceded the convo- 
cation which was held in the Chris 
tian Center auditorium. 


Mike P. Sturdivant, Glendora, was' 
reelected chairman of the Millsaps 
Associates at the opening fall meet 
ing. Officers who are serving with 
him are John Neill, Laurel, vicei 
chairman; Joe Bailey, Coffeevillei 
vice-chairman; Albert Sanders, Jack' 
son, secretary. 

Executive Committee members whc 
will serve with the officers for twc 
years are J. W. Alford, McComb:' 
W. H. Mounger, Jackson; J. R. Scrib 
ner, Amory. One year terms remair 
for Jim Hand, Jr., Rolling Fork; A 
Schultz, Gulfport; J. T. Young, Ma! 

Nat S. Rogers, chairman of the 
Ten Year Development Program, dis 
cussed with the Associates plans foi 
some increased enrollment, new build 
ings, and a greatly improved status 
for faculty personnel. 


Beloved Professor Dies 

Dr. White's Service To Students 
Is Living Memorial 

After fifty-three years of dedicated service to the 
caching profession, Milton Christian White died on 
Sunday, November 11. 

An illness of almost a year had restricted his activity 
lomewhat, but less than a month before the end came he 
ittended Homecoming on the campus he loved so well, 
neeting with the Class of 1926 as a faculty host and join- 
ng his friends at the Millsaps-Southwestern football game. 

Dr. White, who served as chairman of the Department 
)f English at Millsaps for 40 years, retired in 1960. His 
•etirement was indeed an active one. Classes at Millsaps 
md Belhaven, service to his church, and frequent visits 
;o the campus as counselor and friend to his colleagues 
cept him busy. His physical conditioning and indomitable 
spirit enabled him to come back from advancing illness 
:ime and again. He was a source of inspiration and courage 
for his friends. 

A native of Uniontown, Alabama, Dr. White was a 
graduate of Birmingham-Southern College (B.A.), Harvard 
;M.A.) and the University of Wisconsin (Ph. D.). He is 
survived by his wife, the former Bessie Linn Bilbro, and 
Dne son, Milton R., of New Orleans, two grandchildren 
and several brothers and sisters. 

Dr. White brought to his field of specialization a 
love of learning, a love of life, and a love for people. He 
was a dedicated scholar and a true friend to his students. 
To Dr. White each person was a child of God and of in- 
finite value — and he communicated this to the plain, 
the introverted, and the unlovely as well as the brilliant 
and the well adjusted. Therein lay a part of the reason 
for his greatness. 

How he loved Shakespeare — and how he made it 
live for his students! 

Dr. White's warmth, sincerity and vast ability as a 
teacher inspired his friends to express their admiration 
for him: 

A student looking back on days in his class room 
wrote, "He has challenged us intellectually and has been 
interested in us personally, inspiring us to a high level 
of expectancy ... all teachers are admired by some 
members of the student body but few are admired by all, 
as Dr. White is." 

His pastor. Dr. W. B. Selah, told a sorrowing assembly 
of friends at his funeral, "He brought to his task scholar- 
ship, intellectual honesty, teaching skill, and above all. 
Christian character. It was this Christian character which 
enabled him to understand and sympathize with the needs 
of youth. 

"His was a radiantly happy spirit because he cher- 
ished true and exalted thoughts and because, in his 
heart, he knew he had put his best into his work," Dr. 
Selah said. 

His former student. President H. E. Finger, Jr. prayed. 
"We give Thee thanks for men in every age who have been 
content not alone to be fed and nourished and judged 
and redeemed, but have themselves endeavored diligently 
to stimulate and inspire and counsel and guide their fel- 

"To Thee, our Father, we give gratitude for the rich, 
full and useful life of Milton Christian White — for his 
love of learning, his genuine interest in people of all 
ages, his passion for the truth, his scorn of hypocrisy, 
his impatience with pretense, his enthusiasm for sports, 
his loyalty to his profession, his friends and his college, 
and most of all for his devotion to his church and to our 
Lord Jesus Christ." 

One of his English Majors, present at his funeral 
wrote, "The sun's soft rays were reflected through the 
beauty of stained glass windows. A jay called outside the 
church. It is fitting that these things should impress 
themselves upon my consciousness in the midst of the 
sadness at his passing. He spoke so often of the joy of 
simple things and the beauty of the commonplace. They 
seemed to say to me that life, not death, is ultimately 

Shortly before his passing Dr. White found a poem 
he had written in 1931, studied it, and commented on it. 
The poem and his reaction of a few weeks ago reveal 
the qualities of the poet, scholar, and man of faith which 
were so much a part of him. 

I come from the dust of men forgotten, 
I arise from the dust of the Deathless Dead; 
My breast is quick with their silenced breathing. 
My lips are inflamed with their lips own red. 
My grief and joy in dust are engendered. 
My rapture and fear in the dead begin; 
I grope to a faith in their loving Father, 
I think their thoughts and I sin their sin. 
I shall lie down at the long years' ending. 
In the changeless dust I shall pillow my Jiead; 
I shall give to the earth my quickening spirit, 
I shall be one with the Deathless Dead. 
"This year (1962), as I reread my poem of 31 years 
ago, it occurred to me that my idea must have been that 
of Buddhism, that we contain in ourselves every moral 
tendency and psychic attribute of millions of people and 
animals from whom we have descended. We are full of 
shreds of our ancestors' emotions and characteristics 
which are buried in our unconscious. 

"As Lafcadio Hearn states it, 'AH our emotions and 
thoughts and wishes, however changing and growing 
through the varying seasons of life, are only compositions 
and recompositions of the sensations and ideas and desires 
of other folk, mostly of dead people'. 

"Finding these quotes in Albert Mordell's The Erotic 
Motive in Literature (paperback), I seemed to have, in 
some measure, an explanation of the ideas I had tried 
to express earlier." 

Millsaps has lost a great teacher and the world has 
lost a faithful churchman and dedicated Christian scholar. 


Millsaps College 

calendar of events 

December 6-8, 12-15 
Arena 62: 
"The American Dream" 
"Suddenly Last Summer" 
Millsaps Players 


December 16 

"The Messiah" 

Millsaps Singers 

December 18 

"Feast of Carols" 

Millsaps Singers 

January 8 

Fine Arts Festival 
C&E Committee 

Vlan Now to attend 

Alumni Day — May 4, 1963