millsaps college alumni magazine
MERGED INSTITUTIONS: Grenada
College, Whitworth College, Millsaps
MEMBER: American Alumni Council,
American College Public Relations As-
3 Graves Named President
4 Numbers Count in Politics
8 Trends in Political Science
10 Multiple Exposures
12 Political Intern
14 History Through a Live Mike
17 Events of Note
19 Major Miscellany
23 In Memoriam: Professor Haynes
Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson,
Mississippi. Entered as second class matter on Oc-
tober 15, 1959, at the Post Office in Jackson, Mis-
sissippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912.
Shirley Caldwell, '56, E ditor
James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni
Photo Credits: Covers, Pp. 12-13, P. 14, P. 16— Jim
Lucas, '66; Pp. 3, 11, 18— Ernest Rucker, '68.
A /J /J /I /I ^p Since the last edition of Major Notes reached
J_ VJLCt ry J you we have seen an ending and a beginning
^-^ , , in time, and Millsaps College has seen an end-
I tPlH/lini/l '"^ ^"'' ^ beginning in its history.
\^ LJ 1 1 ll\J If I Benjamin Graves has been named the seventh
X president of the College, succeeding Homer
Ellis Finger, '37, who was elected to the episcopacy of the Metho-
dist Church in July (see story on Page 3).
It was in 1938 that Dr. Marion Lofton Smith, a clergyman,
succeeded Dr. David Martin Key, a layman, as president of Mill-
saps College. Now Dr. Graves, a layman with experience in busi-
ness and industry as well as the classroom, succeeds Dr. Finger,
a clergyman. Thus the balance between lay and clerical leader-
ship which has been maintained through the years emphasizes the
joint partnership between the church and the lay community in
the nurture and support of Millsaps College.
The changes which the years always bring can be expected to
accelerate in the future. The year 1965 and the years to follow it
will see higher education, along with all of the elements of our
society, caught up in these changes. Committed churchmen who
believe that Christian higher education can best lead men out and
that Christ is the Lord of change will serve at Millsaps and will
give the new president strong and enlightened support in the great
task which faces him.
• Interesting and somewhat startling statistics have been released
by the Ford Foundation concerning one of the world's most press-
ing problems — the population explosion.
Since 1954, Foundation officials report, the world's population
has increased by 600 million people, the equivalent of the combined
population of the United States, all of South America, and the
Soviet Union. In the United States, problems of air pollution, edu-
cational facilities, urban deterioration, and the quality of modern
life in general have been intensified by the growing population, but
in the poorer two-thirds of the world it hangs like a spectre over
every human being.
According to the Foundation, the hard facts of economic de-
velopment and the compound interest of human fertility combine
to frustrate hopes for a better life. Food production and industriali-
zation in some of the newly developed countries have increased
significantly but gains in per capita income have been minimal.
More people are surviving, but often under such wretched condi-
tions that existence has little meaning.
• This year's alumni program continues the imaginative approach
to alumni responsibility maugurated last year. Known as the Grass
Roots Program, it is built around a plan which takes alumni and
administrative officials in force to localities inside and outside the
State of Mississippi. The meeting features brief talks by officials,
followed by a question-answer session. When possible, outstanding
student groups furnish entertainment. Occasionally key business
and professional men are invited to luncheons as a "friend-raising"
gesture. A special feature of the Millsaps Day in the community
selected is the organization of a Key Man Committee composed
of alumni and friends who agree to represent the College in their
home towns in varying areas of concern such as public information,
fund raising, extracurricular interests, recruiting, et cetera.
O Despite continuing difficulty in scheduling opponents with simi-
lar standards in athletics, prevailing sentiment among administra-
tors and faculty athletic committee members at Millsaps strongly
favors strengthening of the current college program of intercol-
Officials agree with Elton Trueblood, of Earlham College, that
intercollegiate athletics, in its proper relationship to scholarship,
gives needed balance to campus life. j j. l.
President Graves, second from left,
chatted with student body officers on
one of his early visits to the campus.
From the left are Gary Fox, presi-
dent of the student body; Dr. Graves;
Kathy Khayat, treasurer; Jeanne Bur-
net, secretary; and Gerald Jacks,
Is New President
Board Chooses Educator with
Background in Business for
i\n "Ivy League quality in a Christian atmosphere"
for Millsaps is the goal of Millsaps' new president, Dr.
Benjamin B. Graves.
Dr. Graves, occupant of the Milner Chair of Indus-
trial Economics in the School of Business at the Univer-
sity of Mississippi, was named the seventh president
of Millsaps on December 19. He will serve as acting
president until June 1, when he will begin a full four-
Announcement of his appointment to the post was
made by the Millsaps Board of Trustees. It was the
culmination of months of interviews by a special selec-
tion committee composed of representatives of the
faculty, the Board of Trustees, the Associates, and the
Alumni Association. The committee was headed by Nat
S. Rogers, president of the Board.
Dr. Graves succeeds Homer Ellis Finger, Jr., who
was elected a bishop in the Methodist Church in July
after twelve years as Millsaps' president.
A native Mississippian, Dr. Graves has also taught
at Louisiana State University, advancing from the rank
of part-time instructor to assistant professor in the
three years of his association with the university. In 1962
he became an associate professor at the University of
Virginia, remaining there until last August, when he
moved to the University of Mississippi.
Dr. Graves was for a number of years associated
with Esso Standard Oil Company in staff and advisory
capacities in Baton Rouge and New York in the fields
of employee relations and personnel management, busi-
ness and cost analysis, purchasing and public relations.
A 1942 graduate of the University of Mississippi,
where he held a college record for quality points earned
in one semester's work, Dr. Graves received the Mas-
ter's degree in business administration from the Har-
vard Graduate School of Business Administration and
the Ph. D. degree from LSU.
He is the author of several articles which have ap-
peared in Louisiana publications. He assisted in the
production and editing of a documentary film which was
one of three American films winning awards at the
Venice and Edinburg film festivals in 1955. Entitled "The
Pirogue Maker," the film was produced by Standard
A Methodist, Dr. Graves was vice-chairman of the
Official Board of University Methodist Church in
Baton Rouge. He is currently a member of University
Methodist Church in Oxford.
He held offices in the Chamber of Commerce and the
United Givers Fund in Baton Rouge.
During World War II he served in the Navy. He
was a member of the Naval Reserve until 1955, when he
resigned with the rank of lieutenant commander.
Born in Soso, Mississippi, Dr. Graves, 44, is mar-
ried to the former Hazeline Wood. The couple has three
children, Benjamin, Janis, and Cynthia.
Political Science at Millsaps
The Second Revoh
By Gordon G. Henderson
L_7omething has been happening to the study and
teaching of political science in recent years. That "some-
thing" is important enough to be described as a revolu-
tion. It is most certainly not just a fad. Nor is it merely
an academic plaything of interest only to teachers in
their ivory labs. It has left its mark on those perhaps
closest to politics: the professional politician. What that
something is and why it is important is what this article
is all about.
Actually there are two revolutions, products of the
same set of intellectual influences, perhaps, and related
in a fashion, but separable phenomena nonetheless. The
first of these revolutions is what may be called a be-
havioral (as opposed to a traditional) emphasis. The
very word "behavioral" is for some in the profession a
very dirty word indeed. But like it or not, those in the
political science profession today must be aware of this
development even if only to be able to say why they do
not think much of it. Those who reject behavioralism in
toto are few in number. More common are those who do
not think enough of this approach to the analysis of poli-
tics to deal with it in their own teaching and study of
politics. As a whole the profession has accepted this de-
velopment, at first somewhat grudgingly but now fairly
wholeheartedly, as one may readily see simply by read-
ing the professional political science journals.
What is the argument between the behavioralist and
traditionalist all about? Books could be written (books
have been written) about what the behavioralist believes
and why he is disenchanted with the old ways of study-
ing and teaching about politics. He feels that the tradi-
tionalist, with his emphasis on institutions, on constitu-
tions, on laws and organization charts and structures,
on the more "formal" element of politics (the behavioral-
ist might say on the "formalities" of politics), is ignor-
ing the most important element in politics: Man! Prob-
ably most of us have suffered through a high school
civics course in which the powers and operations of
legislative bodies and city councils and similar institu-
tions of government were described. On this kind of
study the behavioralist is likely to heap scorn. He insists
that the traditional study of politics concentrates en-
tirely too much on mere description, and assumes (often
incorrectly) that political institutions such as legislative
bodies actually operate the way the civics textbooks say
they are supposed to. The professional politician, the be-
havorialist would say, could give you an earful about
that fallacy. His major points of criticism, then, of the
old ways of teaching and study of politics are twofold:
the behavioralist insists that these old ways study the
wrong thing, that the heart of scholarly study of politics
ought to be on what political institutions really do, how
they really operate, rather than on how they are sup-
posed to behave; and secondly, the behavioralist re-
minds us that man is at the heart of all political activity.
"Ours is not a government of laws," says he; "no gov-
ernment can be. What we can and do have is a govern-
ment of men under laws." To restore man to politics,
then, remains a cardinal aim of the behavioralist.
The Ph. D. candidate at a university that reflects
the behavioral orientation to politics is as likely to study
where first- and second-grade children get their beliefs
about politics, or study the linkage between public opin-
ion and the members of a legislative body, as he is tc
study the organization of the U. N. General Assembly or
the implementation of the 24th Amendment to the U. S,
Constitution. (And even so, the last two mentioned sub-
jects could be so organized as to lend themselves to a
behavioral analysis; the result, however, would look
quite different — the problems posed and the evidence
sought after perhaps strikingly different — from the
kind of analysis that the student would do if he handled
the subjects in the traditional way.)
If the behavioralist has any motto to guide him it is
surely this one of two parts: One part says, "Things are
not what they seem." The other says, "Only men dc
Enough for the moment on the traditionalist versus
behavioralist conflict. Behavioralism has made its im-
print on the study and teaching of politics and, while it
is far from being accepted by all who teach and study
politics, its mark on the discipline of political science
is unmistakable. This the literature and subject matter
of the profession clearly attest. Courses in college de-
}T IN POLITICS
In Political Science
ILLUSTRATED BY DAVID COLLINS,
partments of political science now exist that were un-
heard of only a generation ago; public opinion, voting
behavior, small group behavior, elite structure, decision-
making theory, and dozens more could be found in a
quick survey of college catalogs. And of course there is
a vast and important literature on these and like sub-
jects. Even the newspapers, which cannot be said to be
always quick to recognize change, in fact recognize this
revolution every time they print an analysis of congres-
sional voting behavior or the latest public opinion polls.
The behavioral revolution in political science is now
about a generation old and in tiiis time has "arrived,"
so to speak. The second revolution is much newer (it is
scarcely more than ten years old) and has yet to win
full acceptance within the profession. This second revolu-
tion we may call the "revolution of numbers." When
someone in the profession thinks of the behavioral em-
phasis he is likely to think of the Survey Research Cen-
ter of the University of Michigan. When he thinks of this
second revolution, he is likely to think of different in-
stitutions and different people, places such as the Mas-
sachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Carnegie In-
stitute of Technology, and people like Professor William
Riker of the University of Rochester and Professor Her-
bert Simon of the Carnegie Institute.
Those who are in the forefront of this second revolu-
tion would have students of politics place increasing em-
phasis on formulating questions about politics so that
they can be answered with numerical evidence. This
emphasis promises to have as great an effect on the
discipline of political science as the behavioral revolu-
tion has had in its way, although exactly what effect
this change of direction and emphasis will have on the
discipline is not exactly clear even to those who urge
it on. At the least it promises to do two things: As it
moves forward it will require the students of the subject
to master certain quantitative techniques. (Even now it
is virtually impossible to read the journal of the Ameri-
can Political Science Association unless one knows at
least some elementary statistics. And there are many
books on a variety of political subjects that cannot be
read except by those who have even more knowledge
Dr. Gordon G. Henderson
Major Notes owes a deep debt of gratitude to Dr. Gordon Hender-
son, chairman of the political science department, who came through
in a big way when asked to help with this issue on political science.
All of the articles in the political science section were written by
He has been a member of the faculty since 1962. He holds the
Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts, and Ph. D. degrees, all from
Columbia University. He has taught at Middlebury College (Ver-
mont), The City College of New York, and Rutgers University.
Political Science at Milhaps
of mathematics and/or statistics than this.) This second
revolution also guarantees excitement! Some of the
studies in existence that rely entirely on mathematical
formulations and techniques have let us see things about
the political process that were only vaguely suspected
before. A case in point is the use of one mathematical
theorem to demonstrate how an astute parliamentarian
can maneuver a legislative body to defeat a measure
for which there is majority support in a body that is
governed by majority vote. It would take most of this
magazine to explain fully the technique required to
bring about this situation, but let it be said here that it
involves laying before the group three alternative pro-
posals, or more, chosen or designed to guarantee that
no one of the proposals can muster a majority behind
it. Nor is study of this kind mere abstruse, impractical
theorizing about an unreal world. In at least one occas-
ion of major importance, the Federal Aid to Education
Act of 1956, the device was used to defeat the legislation
before the House of Representatives. Yet one wonders
exactly how many members of the House knew what
was being done to them!
Some examples will serve to show the kinds of ques-
tions that appear to be readily answered by resort to
counting operations of various kinds. These examples
will also serve to illustrate to what extent such analyses
have already found a place in the study of politics.
Election returns have for decades been of interest
to students of politics. Part of the reason for this con-
tinued interest in them is doubtless no more than a
general curiosity about "what the election means," an
interest every American seems to be born with. Then, too,
it is usually easy to get hold of election returns, and the
very accessibility of them to most students of politics
doubtless accounts in part for the attention paid to them.
Whatever the reason for the interest students have shown
in them, election returns continue to be subject to many
kinds and levels of analysis. Analysis which seeks to
show after each election how various groups within the
electorate voted — labor, Protestants, farmers, Negroes,
various age groups, businessmen, and so on — are now
a staple of the political literature, so much so indeed
that your daily newspaper is bound to contain a number
of such analyses after each major state or national
The range of skill which is brought to analyses of
election returns can only be described as considerable.
Some analyses are pretty pedestrian, cut-and-dried af-
fairs; others show a good deal of clever handling and
sophistication in the use of statistical methods. Fortun-
ately the latter kind are becoming more common, though
not, it must be noted, common enough to drive out the
Because election returns are expressed in numerical
form, they early caught the eye and attention of stu-
dents of politics interested in quantitative analysis. In
recent years some excellent studies have appeared which
show the variety of treatment which election data can
be subject to, and how much information election re-
turns contain that must remain hidden from anyone who
does not have the required statistical tools to dig it out.
Among the studies which deserve mention are two by
the late V. O. Key, Jr., one on Southern politics and the
other on American state politics, and one by Paul Lazar-
sfeld on voting behavior in a presidential election. The
works of Key are particularly notable for containing
some ingeniously devised charts, tables and computations
that could well serve to persuade any Doubting Thomases
of the contribution a grasp of statistics can make to the
student of electoral behavior.
Sophisticated though some of this kind of analysis
is, it is doubtful that anyone has mined the field of elec-
tion returns for all it can yield. To cite just one instance,
a discovery of a few years back, it has been found that
there is an apparent equality between the ratio of votes
in a two-party election and its cube as the ratio of con-
tested seats won by the two parties. This relationship,
be it noted, appears to hold whether one is speaking of
elections in this country, in England, or New Zealand,
the three countries in which the formula has been tested.
Other areas of political behavior in which the evi-
dence takes the form of numbers, and which have long
attracted the attention of some students of politics, are
legislative voting and "voting" by judges in a multi-mem-
ber court. In both instances the overall interest of stu-
dents is the same: to try to discover whether the mem-
bers of the body being studied, a legislature or a court,
tend to divide consistently into identifiable groups. This
kind of analysis is done through a study of roll-call
votes, and this of course limits the analysis to bodies in
"What this second revolution promises to do is to lead
students of politics to lean more heavily on mathematics
than they have in the past . . ."
which, at least in some appreciable number of instances,
votes are recorded for every member of the body. In the
main this has meant that this kind of study is limited
to Congress and most state legislatures; in the case of
courts, it is limited to the U. S. Supreme Court and the
handful of state supreme courts in which the voting
records of justices in cases are a matter of public rec-
ord. Using this kind of analysis, one hopes to be able to
identify the groups into which the body being studied
tends to divide, and, if these groups tend to shift from
decision to decision, then to explain why these shifts oc-
cur. Going somewhat deeper into the matter, one may
then be able to say something about the leadership of the
body, the pressures the members tend to respond to, the
presence or absence of cohesion and the reason for that
presence or absence, and about other matters that pat-
terns in legislative or judicial voting behavior may be
taken as evidence for.
While election returns and roll call votes provide
much of the raw material for statistical and mathe-
matical analysis, they are by no means the only data
in the study of which statistics and mathematics are
useful. Neither do the kinds of operations just described
exhaust the list of mathematical or statistical tools
which have proved useful to those interested in quanti-
In analysis of power structures and in small decision-
making units, such as a subcommittee of Congress or
the Security Council of the United Nations, some stu-
dents have used what is called the Shapley-Shubik index
of voting power, an index based on the number of times a
given member's vote is pivotal. In some areas of de-
fense and election strategy, other students have found
game theory relevant in at least a modest measure.
Still other students, faced with what looks like a nearly
unmanageable aggregate of data, have turned to com-
puters for speed, accuracy, and depth of analysis. No-
table among the many kinds of analysis are those de-
vised by a group of faculty members at the Massachu-
setts Institute of Technology. One piece of work done by
the MIT group (whose project is know as the "Simul-
matics Project") was predicting the outcome of the 1960
presidential election. A multitude of influences were in-
troduced into the program representing both voter types
and issues, thus making it an example of the kind of
research that is feasible only if one has access to a com-
As observed earlier, the use of mathematics in the
study of politics is a fairly recent development, but al-
ready it has proven its value in at least a limited way.
Its promise is far from fulfilled. This does not mean,
however, that we may expect any time soon either that
mathematics and politics will become united disciplines,
or that we may expect mathematicians as such to make
good students of politics. What this second revolution —
here called the revolution of numbers — promises to
do is to lead students of politics to lean more heavily
on mathematics than they have in the past in cases in
which the problem being investigated shows promise of
being suitable for subjection to mathematical treatment.
There seems to be little danger that a "cart before the
horse" situation will arise. Students of politics seem in
no danger of defining problems simply because they can
be dealt with by the tools of mathematics and statistics.
The latter clearly are tools for the student of politics,
no matter what they may be to the mathematician.
"... the behavioralist reminds us that man is at the
heart of all political activity. 'Ours is not a government
of laws,' says he; 'no government can be. What we can
and do have is a government of men under laws.' To
restore man to politics, then, remains a cardinal aim
of the behavioralist."
"Major Victor Joppolo, U. S. A., was a good man.
You will see that. It is the whole reason why I want you
to know his story." Thus does John Hersey begin his
study of the politics of getting a bell for Adano. There
will always be good (and bad) men whose encounters
with pHDlitics need telling. There are many ways in which
such stories may be told, and the astute political novel
is not the least of them. The lessons of politics are many
and seem to require perpetual re-learning. We dare not
exclude any possible avenue of learning them. Too often
the novel and even the bizarre of yesterday have be-
come the old hat and second nature of today. Mathe-
matics and statistics may seem like unlikely tools to ad-
vance the condition of political knowledge, as unlikely
perhaps as that every home of tomorrow should have ac-
cess to a built-in computing center as today it has access
to the electric power station. But merely because either
possibility may seem remote is not reason enough for
counting either of them out.
Political Science at Millsaps
A brief look at studies
discussed at the Conference
In July Dr. Gordon Henderson attended the Confer-
ence on Mathematical Applications in Political Science
on the campus of Southern Methodist University. Spon-
sored by the National Science Foundation, it lasted ten
days. There were thirty-three participants and some ten
lecturers. The purpose of the conference was to bring
the political scientists up to date on how mathematics
and statistics are being used in the study of politics, a
concept which Dr. Henderson described in the preceding
A number of studies were discussed at the confer-
ence. Some of them are described by Dr. Henderson as
^ Harold Guetzkow is a professor of psycho-
logy, political science, and sociology at North-
western University. His first love is inter-na-
uon simulation. One of his projects is to gather
a large group of people in a simulated situa-
tion such as people in a foreign office are in in a time of
crisis. He then feeds them information to see how they
react to it. Sometimes the situations are drawn from
history — for example, the situation in foreign offices
in the leading nations of the world immediately before
the outbreak of World War I. The object in a simulation
such as this is to see how the people representing, say,
Germany, the United States, and Great Britain will
react, the decisions they will make, whether for example
they will decide to go to war as the actual nations did
In some of his simulations he has gone so far as to
persuade large numbers of diplomats representing var-
ious countries in Washington to come to Northwestern
University for a long weekend and participate in a
project of this kind. In other projects he has used high
school students, and in many he has used college stu-
dents, mainly because they are near at hand.
In all of this what he has been trying to find out is
how such factors as information, decision-making pro-
cess, personality characteristics, and so forth affect
the decisions that are made. In one interesting project
all of some 1200 letters, notes, and memoirs written by
the leading participants in the governments of Western
Europe immediately before the outbreak of World War I
were carefully examined and phrases such as "I am
concerned about" or "I am hesitant about" or " I am
worried about" were carefully noted. Then the partici-
pants in a simulation project were hypnotized and Pro-
fessor Geutzkow and his assistants would say to them,
"You are worried about such and such, now what is
your decision on this?" in order to see whether this
mood or feeling of the decision-maker would have a
material effect on the decision he would make.
2 Professor Sidney Ulmer, who was the main
conference lecturer, dealt extensively with bloc
or cluster analysis of judicial and legislative
bodies. This is an area where mathematics and
statistics are extremely useful and much good
work has been done revealing significant characteristics
of legislative and judicial bodies that one could scarcely
know about unless one used mathematical and statistical
analysis. Most work in this area has concentrated on the
United States Supreme Court and a few state courts, such
as the Supreme Court of Michigan, which are like the
United States Supreme Court in many important respects,
mainly in function and stability.
We hear much talk about the liberal and conservative
wings of the Supreme Court, but such vague labels are
not terribly helpful to understanding clearly the influ-
ences that seem to shape the decisions that come out of
the internal decision-making processes of the court. Bloc
analysis by identifying the blocs (and there are often
more than two) is very helpful to understanding what
the significant forces are that operate on the court. The
same is true of legislative bodies; here, too, we hear
much about certain blocs — the farm bloc, the labor
bloc, the Northern Republican-Southern Democratic coali-
tion in Congress, liberals and conservatives, and so on.
But without a close bloc analysis of a body such as
Congress we would not know much about cohesion, the
factors that promote cohesion among each bloc, the
issues on which the bloc seems to operate most effective-
ly — that is, to stick together best — and so forth.
Much of the work that has been done on bloc analy-
sis of both courts and legislatures, frankly, has been
shoddy, but within the last three years or so a number
of really quite simple yet at the same time sophisticated
techniques or analyses have been devised, and at this
conference these were spelled out for us and their use-
One of the most interesting of the lectures
was on voting behavior in a legislative body.
This lecture demonstrated beautifully how
something could be known about politics only
through the use of mathematical analysis. It
dealt with what is called in mathematics the "Arrowian
Theorem." Briefly what is involved here is the analysis
of a device which under certain circumstances a legisla-
tor or group of legislators may use in order to prevent
a body from reaching a decision. I will not bother to in-
dicate all of the conditions that must be present to guar-
antee success for such a maneuver, but I will say that
it involves putting three alternatives before a legislative
body which are tied together in some fashion, as for ex-
ample a bill — alternative number one — with two
amendments proposed — alternatives number two and
three. This is a situation which often exists in legislatures
— two amendments to a bill is not at all an uncommon
situation — and yet there is no doubt that in many, many
instances in legislative bodies members of the legisla-
ture have not been able to figure out why it is that when
a bill was presented for passage with two amendments
proposed it was impossible to obtain a majority for any
one of the three alternative choices. The Arrowian Theo-
rem demonstrates how a situation could occur and shows
clearly why it would be that it would be quite impossible
under the circumstances for the legislature to reach any
— Another special lecture dealt with the author-
ship of certain disputed Federalist Papers. Us-
ing a number of statistical techniques, includ-
ing a procedure known as Bayes Theorem — a
technique the worth of which is disputed by
some classically oriented statisticians — the attempt was
made to assign authorship to each of the disputed papers.
I won't go into details on this; the effort was reported in
the New York Times and a thoroughly comprehensive
report on the work was given in an article that appeared
in the Journal of the American Statistical Association.
Dr. Henderson concluded by giving his impressions
of the conference: "In the first place it offered
definite evidence for something that has been obvious
for several years, and that is that increasingly students
of politics are finding it necessary to use quantitative
techniques in order to find out what it is they want to
know about political life. This is a trend which is well
underway and which is bound to continue. One of the
best things about the conference was that there was
absolutely no one there who was in love with quantita-
tive techniques for their own sake. All of these people
had discovered in their own way that in order to get an
answer to a question about politics that was bothering
them, they simply had to turn to available quantitative
procedures. Even more than this, the people at this
conference were highly experimental and devised their
own techniques of analysis to suit their own needs. This
is most encouraging, for it indicates that among the pro-
fession of political scientists there are at least some
people who are willing to be daring and experimental in
their handling of political data. The results that they
have achieved through their daring, at least so far as
this is evidenced by the conference, is impressive.
"The second and last thing which was impressive
about the conference was what some of the lecturers
told us about what they and others were doing to intro-
duce mathematical and statistical analysis into the col-
lege curriculum to all students, not just the selected
few political science majors in their colleges who were
interested in such things, but to, say, all the students in
the freshman year taking political science. Some of the
measurement techniques which were illustrated at Dal-
las we are introducing into the American government
course at Millsaps this year. Some of them are very
simple but produce important information. The student
that we get, therefore, should not only be able to use
them but to find it worthwhile to do so because he will
find out something about political behavior that he
"I think it is perfectly clear that increasingly anyone
who wants to understand what is going on in politics —
even if he does little more than read a daily newspaper-
is going to have to learn something about these quantita-
tive techniques. Already polls and pollsters appear more
and more in the newspapers and they become as indis-
pensable to an understanding of politics as is a very
general understanding of what the Constitution pre-
scribes. This I think ^we will see a great deal more of in
the future, and if we, particularly at the college level, are
to turn out students who are able to understand politics,
we are simply going to have to give them the tools that
everybody else is using to analyze politics."
Political Science at Millsaps
A Way to Learn
A Memo to the Dean
To: Dean Laney
Re: Programs in Politics
From: G. Henderson
This is a report on various programs in politics
operated by the department of political science. In pre-
paring this report I have had the help of three Millsaps
students who have participated in these programs: Glenn
Abney, David Reynolds, and Stan Taylor.
The Washington Semester Program: Millsaps has
long participated in this program in cooperation with
the American University in Washington, D. C. In fact,
I believe that Millsaps was one of the colleges that
founded the Washington Semester Program. At any rate,
today Millsaps is one of about forty colleges and univer-
sities participating, and we are entitled to send two
students each fall semester.
Under the program, one hundred five students, ap-
proximately, from colleges in every part of the United
States study in Washington, D. C, for one semester,
usually during the student's junior year.
The value of study under this program is consider-
able. Students see government in action; they do indivi-
dual research of a kind that brings them into direct
contact with persons in and out of government; and they
meet students from across the nation.
The series of seminars which students attend and
which leading participants in government and politics
are invited to address give the students a chance to hear
and talk to major figures in government and politics. Last
semester, for example, students in the program attended
seminars addressed by, among others, Leon Keyserling,
former Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers;
Paul Rand Dixon, Chairman, the Federal Trade Com-
mission; Eric Goldman, Special Assistant to the Presi-
dent; William Taylor, General Counsel, the Commission
on Civil Rights; Stewart Udall, Secretary of the Interior;
Anatol Dobrynin, Ambassador of the USSR; Justices
William O. Douglas and Hugo L. Black; Chief Judge
David L. Bazelon; Burke Marshall, Assistant Attorney
General; Congressman Clarence Brown; Speaker of the
House John McCormack; Senator Sam Ervin; Congress-
man Tom Sneed; Congresswoman Edith Green; James
R. Hoffa and James Carey.
Many persons in government today were once them-
selves participants in the Washington Semester Program.
In part because these people remember their own days
in the program, and in part because the program has
had a long record of success and has earned the respect
of many people in national government and politics,
students find that many doors in Washington are open
to them simply because they are participants in the
highly respected Washington Semester Program.
There is some danger at this moment that Millsaps
next year will be voted out of the program. The rules
established for participation say that any institution
which does not send students to participate for two con-
secutive years shall be dropped. Our record of participa-
tion in recent years has been poor, with the result that if
we do not send students next year we will be dropped
from the program. A major reason that our students have
not been going lately is money. Both last year and this,
students who would like to have gone did not do so be-
cause of financial reasons. Unless something can be done
for the scholarship student who would like to go (and
some of our best students are scholarship students) Mill-
saps will, as of the end of this academic year, find it-
self unable to send any more students to participate in
the Washington Semester Program.
The Mississippi Legislative Intern Program: In
February of last year this department inaugurated the
"Mississippi Legislative Intern Program."
This program is designed to take advantage of the
fact that Millsaps is located in the capital city of the
state. Students thus are afforded a unique opportunity
to study the making of public policy first-hand.
A student enrolled in this program serves as an
aide to a member of the Mississippi Legislature for one
semester during a regular legislative session. He works
with the legislator to whom he is assigned at a variety
of tasks, which may include research, writing, marking
up of bills, and so on.
In the spring semester of last year, two Millsaps
students participated in this program. Both served as
aides to individual senators and also to Senator George
Yarbrough, the President Pro Tem of the Senate. They
also worked on the drafting of legislation under the
supervision of the Revisor of Statutes, Mr. Hugo New-
combe. Both Senator Yarbrough and Mr. Newcombe
gave generously of their time to help the students be-
come better acquainted with the legislative process.
As with any new program a number of kinks showed
up in this first trial. The experience this first time
clearly showed the desirability of students' getting to
know the working of both chambers of the Legislature,
and for the students participating to have frequent op-
portunity to discuss with each other what they are doing.
Committees in the Mississippi Legislature, as in most
legislative bodies in this country, are the heart of the
legislative process. Student interns could provide a valu-
able service to committees, and learn much at the same
time, if they worked closely with a particular commit-
tee; that would also make the Intern Program a better
Special Lectures: In this department we are deeply
interested in seeing that no opportunity to give our stu-
dents a first-hand acquaintance with the process of state
government be overlooked. The development of the Mis-
sissippi Legislative Intern Program was the natural
expression of this interest, just as our membership
in the Washington Semester Program demonstrates our
interest in seeing that students have a chance to see the
operation of the national government at first-hand. But
programs like this are limited to a small number of
students. What of the student who cannot participate?
We recognize the value to him of taking as close a look
as possible at the operation of state government and
are trying to do something for him by asking various
participants in state government and politics to deliver
lectures in their special areas of competence to the stu-
dents enrolled in our course in state and local govern-
ment. The response to requests made recently to various
persons in government and politics to participate in this
new venture has been excellent: No one has refused. The
upshot is that during the second semester students tak-
ing the state and local government course will hear
lectures given by the lieutenant governor, five elected
department heads, a few federal officials located in
Jackson (the head of the Jackson office of the F. B. I.
has agreed to come), and major figures in political
parties and pressure groups.
One of the things that makes teaching and study of
politics in Mississippi most attractive is the willingness
of people in government and politics here to take time
from their busy schedules to cooperate in an undertak-
ing like this. Our students benefit enormously from this
kind of cooperation.
The Political Archives: While talking to people can
be an excellent way to learn about politics, it can never
be more than a supplement to learning about govern-
ment by studying the records of the activity of govern-
ment. Among the records of greatest use are such things
as election returns, budget and finance reports, annual
reports of various agencies and offices of government,
the journal of both houses of the Legislature, and so
on. Unfortunately students face problems of two kinds in
using these materials. Often it is difficult to know what
records are available, and then it is often hard to get
hold of records even if you know they exist.
This year we are making a modest effort to ease
these difficulties. Our collection of materials on Missis-
sippi government is poor. It must be expanded greatly.
Only in the area of election returns is the collection ade-
quate. It is probably the most complete collection
of data on Mississippi elections since 1890 to be found
anywhere. It is true that we cannot turn whole classes
of students loose on these returns (there is only one copy
of them), but they can be made available for individual
research when there are no more than one or two stu-
dents working on a particular project which requires
access to these returns.
As for the other problem — knowing what is avail-
able in the way of records of state and local government
activities — this semester we intend to prepare, with the
cooperation of Miss Charlotte Capers, the State Archivist,
a guide to periodical publications of the State of Missis-
sippi. This, when completed, will contain (we hope) a
complete listing of such documents with appropriate no-
tations of the frequency of publication, the issuing of-
ficer, and a description of the contents. No such guide
exists at present and such a guide, when complete,
should be an invaluable aid to anyone doing research
which requires using official state publications.
The political science department
plans to work with the State Depart-
ment of Archives and History in pre-
paring a guide to periodical publica-
tions of the State of Mississippi. Neil
Folse, assistant professor of political
science, looks over material with Mrs.
W. O. Harrell (Laura Satterfield, '34),
research assistant in the department
Political Science at Millsaps
On-The-Scene Student of Politic
David Reynolds, of luka, Mississippi,
students in the Legislative Intern Progra
Dr. Henderson. He revisits the scene of h
for MAJOR NOTES.
Informal chats with members of Mississ
provided David with insight into political
i last year by
David looks out over the now empty — temporarily — Senate Chamber. The possibility that
he might one day occupy one of the seats is not remote.
I the state.
The Capitol's library was a ready
source of political material.
Much of David's work at the Capitol involved re-
search for the Senators.
Political Science at Millsaps
Through A Live Mike
In which the entire staff of the new oral history project inter-
views himself about the project.
By Gordon G. Henderson
INTERVIEWER: Since nothing has been written about
the oral history project before, would you tell us
what exactly it is?
MR. HENDERSON: It's a project I have had in mind
for some time. I have discussed it with a number of
people, but until this year I have not done anything
really to get it off the ground.
As to what it is, the words themselves are very de-
scriptive. It's a project designed to record the his-
tory of significant events of our generation. It is dif-
ferent from usual historical writing in two respects:
It is history written exclusively by those who parti-
cipated in or have first-hand Itnowledge of the events
themselves, and it is history written by talking into
a tape recorder.
INTERVIEWER: Does this mean that anyone using the
materials gathered will have to listen to the tapes?
HENDERSON: No indeed. In fact, it is likely that no one
will have access to the tapes but me. We intend to
make a transcript of the tape and submit it to the
person making the tape and let him have a chance
to edit it for any gross errors he might have made
because at the time he made the tape he did not
have a clear recollection of some particular point,
or did not have notes at hand to refresh his memory.
Not making the tapes available will, I think, drive
psychologists frantic! They would be very much in-
terested in slips of the tongue and things like that,
things that could only be known by listening to the
tapes themselves. These will not show up on the
typed transcripts. But psychologists will just have to
fret. We are interested in candor and accuracy and
we feel it is necessary to offer the person making the
tape an opportunity to make changes in what he said
into the recorder when candor and accuracy would
seem to make that necessary.
INTERVIEWER: Who will be able to use these record-
ings or transcripts?
HENDERSON: As I said, I am the only one who will
have access to the tapes. As for the typed transcripts,
anyone with a legitimate scholarly interest in the
subject matter will have access to them, within cer-
tain limitations which may be laid down by the per-
son making the tape.
INTERVIEWER: What kind of limitations?
HENDERSON: We want the fullest possible and the
most candid interview, and since this may well mean
having the interviewee comment on persons and
events near at hand and "sensitive," we know it is
reasonable for the person making the interview to
request either that nothing in the interview or may-
be certain parts of it not be made public for a period
of years. A second kind of limitation we will honor
is that the transcript be made available to someone
only after the person making the interview has given
his consent for that person to use it.
What we want is for the person making the tape
to feel free to say what he wants to say without any
hesitation, and we are more than willing to meet any
requirements he may want to lay down on the use
of the transcript.
INTERVIEWER: How many persons have been inter-
viewed so far?
HENDERSON: As of now, January 1, 1965, exactly none!
We have secured agreement to participate from sev-
enteen persons and expect to make a start on five
of these interviews by the end of the month.
INTERVIEWER: Who are some of the people who have
agreed to do this?
HENDERSON: That I won't tell you now. For one thing
we have not asked everybody we want to ask yet and
if I gave you anyone's name now, someone we have
on our list to ask in the next few months might feel
hurt that he wasn't asked first!
I will say that every one of the people who has
agreed to participate is very well known. They are
all the kind of people whose names are familiar to
everybody and get in the paper a lot.
INTERVIEWER: How soon can we expect to find out
who is participating?
HENDERSON: I don't expect to have any transcripts
completed and ready for use at least until the sum-
mer, and maybe not even then. I'd say it might be
as much as a year before we have any sizeable col-
lection of oral history memoirs ready for use.
INTERVIEWER: How long do you expect the project
HENDERSON: Forever! An oral history project should
be a continuing thing, taking form and direction from
the unfolding of events themselves. As for immediate
plans, I have a list of about ninety people to ask. all
of them active and important in political and gov-
ernmental affairs. That should keep me busy for a
couple of years!
INTERVIEWER: How do you select the persons to be
HENDERSON: At the moment we use two criteria. First,
the person must have been a major participant in
political events. Second, he must be a recognized
figure of some importance in an event, or he must
have had some kind of connection with the event
(though not actually a participant in it) so as to have
information that we think would be valuable to have
in our oral history of the event.
INTERVIEWER: Has anyone refused to participate?
HENDERSON: So far the opposite has been true, and
the experiences of oral history projects at other uni-
versities would suggest that this would be generally
true. Most people who are asked to "take mike in
hand" agree readily. For one thing I think they can
see the importance of doing this; I think they are
interested in seeing that future generations have a
complete and accurate history of the great events
of our times. Many of them doubtless have thought
about sometime setting down something — in a
memoir, a book, articles — about the events in which
they played a part, and I think they see the oral his-
tory project as a chance to do just this with a mini-
mum amount of effort on their part. For some of
them, I know — they have told me this — our ask-
ing them to participate in the oral history project
has given them just that little push that was needed
to make them do something they have at times
thought they should and would like to do anyway.
INTERVIEWER: Then I take it you are pleased with
the cooperation you have received.
HENDERSON: Indeed I am! At least two of the people
who have agreed to participate have offered to let
us have documents, notes, memoirs, tape recordings
and so on to go along with the tape recordings they
make. I think we are on the way to having shortly
a first-rate collection of materials on Mississippi
Delegates listen intently to a point of order question.
Political Science at Millsaps
Another Teachins Aid
Arizona delegates lead demonstration.
Goldwater backers cheer for candidate.
This year's convention was the first Republican rally stage
Millsaps. Party not in power is chosen. Left: Demonstration mate
lie in readiness for nominating address. ,
Events of Note
Things reached the point this year
that faculty and staff members were
about ready to prepare a statement
with which they would answer tele-
phone calls and greet visitors. It
would have said, "No, I don't know
who the new president will be, and
no, I don't know when he will be
Not that the strongly evident in-
terest in the future of Millsaps was
not appreciated; it was. But every-
one was glad when the day finally
came that the answer could be, first,
"We'll know Saturday," and then "Dr.
Benjamin B. Graves."
There was no doubt in anyone's
mind that here indeed was a matter
of utmost impMDrtance to Millsaps Col-
lege, but the campus functioned so
smoothly under the Laney-Christmas-
Wood regime that College personnel
were sometimes amazed at the ur-
gency to know conveyed by others.
Details of President Graves' back-
ground are given elsewhere in this
issue. He is welcomed to the campus
for more reasons than one.
ALDERSON WINS HONOR
Richard Alderson, baritone, instruc-
tor of music, was named Singer of
the Year for the Southern Region of
the National Association of Teachers
of Singing in competition in Novem-
Alderson was to represent the South-
ern Region in national competition to
be held in Minneapolis December 27-
30. A cash award in the amount of
$1,000 will be given to the first place
winner in Minneapolis, with other
awards designated for the next three
National winners will also be given
an opportunity to audition for the Me-
tropolitan Opera Company, the Lyric
Opera Company of Chicago, and the
San Francisco Opera Company.
MISS WELTY LECTURES
No more prestigious affair has ever
been held on the campus than Eudora
Welty's winter address as Writer-in-
I A near-capacity audience gathered
to hear the internationally famous
author speaker on the subject "The
Southern Writer today: An Interior
Commenting that Southern writers
are "on call to be crusaders," Miss
Welty stated that they will continue
to do what all good writers have al-
ways tried to do: write honestly and
"As far as writing goes," she said,
"which is as far as living goes, hate is
a deadly emotion. . . .We in the South
are being hated today and we may
hate back. This is devastating ....
It could kill us. We must write in
Miss Welty's complete address will
appear in a future issue of Harper's.
She will deliver another address on
the campus in the spring.
NSF GRANT RECEIVED
A National Science Foundation re-
search grant has been awarded to
Rondal Bell, chairman of the biology
department, for continuation of work
begun at the Institute of Arctic and
Alpine Research last summer.
Bell attended the Institute at the
University of Colorado under the au-
spices of a similar grant.
The research involves taxonomic
studies of various species of ground
squirrels by use of electrophoresis of
The largest part of the grant will be
applied by Bell directly to his project.
A specified amount will be used by
the College either in further support
of the research or in other ways con-
tributing to the strengthening of
science education at IMillsaps.
Minimum grade level for the Dean's
List has ben raised from 2,0, or B, to
The faculty has also approved a
change in requirements for graduating
cum laude and magna cum laude, ef-
fective last spring. To graduate cum
laude a student must have an aver-
age of 2.25 rather than 2.00, and to
graduate magna cum laude a student
must maintain a 2.70 average rather
Officials said the reason for the
change is to restore the distinction
and honor to being named to the
Dean's List or graduating cum laude
or magna cum laude. Minimum en-
trance requirements at Millsaps have
been raised, which has in turn raised
the ability level of the student body.
DUREN FUND ESTABLISHED
A loan fund has been established by
an alumnus who has distinguished
himself as a Methodist minister, an
editor, and a biographer in the 62
years smce his graduation.
.Millsaps officials have designated
the fund The William Larkin Duren
Loan Fund in honor of the establisher.
The loan fund will be available to
any student who "gives strong
evidence that he will be a credit to
himself and his college," according
to sUpulations of the contract.
Dr. Duren, now a resident of New
Orleans, made the initial contribution
to the fund. He is a 1902 graduate of
The loans will be repayable to Mill-
saps at 3^r interest per annum. Re-
payment of the loans may begin as
late as two years after leaving Mill-
Dr. Duren earlier had presented the
books from his personal library to
the Millsaps-Wilson Library.
Listed in "Who's Who in Metho-
dism," Dr. Duren is a former editor
of the New Orleans Christian Advo-
cate, which served Mississippi Metho-
dists before the Mississippi Methodist
Advocate was established. He also
served as pastor in the North Missis-
sippi Conference of the Methodist
He is the author of Charles Betts
Galloway: Orator, Preacher, and
Prince of Chjistian Chivalry; Francis
Asbury: Founder of American Metho-
dism; The Top Sergeant of the Pio-
neers (biography of Jesse Lee); and
The Trail of the Circuit Rider.
In establishing the fund Dr. Duren
stated, "I hope in deepest sincerity
that loans from the Fund may be a
means of arousing the creative genius
in many young men for years after
my body has returned to dust."
He said that he chose Millsaps as
the school at which to establish the
fund because "in addition to its being
the logical place for such a loan fund
I have chosen it deliberately because
of what it has meant in my own life."
Officials stated that it was anticipat-
ed that friends of Dr. Duren would
like to make contributions to the
fund in his honor.
MEMPHIS MEETING HELD
A dinner meeting for persons in the
Memphis area interested in Millsaps
College was held on December 7 at
St. John's Methodist Church.
Representing Millsaps at the meet-
ing were Dean Frank Laney, Dr. R.
H. Moore, and James J. Livesay. Al-
so appearing on the program were
the Troubadours, this year's version
of the 14-member ensemble which
toured Europe last spring for the USO.
The Troubadours, who are all mem-
bers of the Concert Choir, were in
Memphis with the choir for an ap-
pearance with the Memphis Sym-
Dr. W. F. Murrah served as chair-
man of the Memphis meeting, with
the Reverend Roy C. Clark acting as
co-chairman. Committee members
were Mrs. Hattie H. Boone, Dr. and
Mrs. Dean Calloway, William J. Cros-
by, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph McCool, and
MARINE AQUARIUM ADDED
A marine aquarium has been added
to the list of teaching tools in the bio-
logy laboratory, partly because "the
strange animals of the sea are still
relatively mysterious to the scientific
Jim McKeown, instructor of biology,
says that very little is known about
the life, habits, and diseases of salt
But the principal reason for Mc-
Keown's aquarium is purely utilitar-
ian: it provides living organisms for
study in place of preserved ones. The
trend to the study of living organ-
isms is noted throughout the biology
department, with a new greenhouse
providing material for the botanists.
For example, in freshman biology
labs sea urchins are injected with a
substance which causes them to re-
lease gametes. Students are able to
observe the fertilization of eggs and
the early stages of development.
McKeown's aquarium is filled with
animals with such descriptive names
as sea horses, flamingo scallops, sea
urchins, star fish, coral fish, red
sponge, organ pipe coral, cluster
coral, elk's horn coral, and brain
Many of them would not be recog-
nized as animals by the average per-
son. Many look like plants, and al-
most all are exotically beautiful —
another raison d'etre for marine
The sea fan, for example, is a wis-
py and intricately designed animal
which looks like a lacy fan. Organ
pipe coral looks more like a stone
than an animal. Sea urchins look like
extremely spiney flowers.
The favorites of most people, Mc-
Keown says, are the sea horses. As
the small animals moved effortlessly
through the water, McKeown called
attention to the fact that they change
color. One swam near a cluster of
white coral and turned white — not
completely white, but enough so that
he was camouflaged against the coral.
The marine aquarium calls for more
than ordinary care, however. The tank
can contain no metal parts. There
must be good filtration and good light
and the temperature level must be
kept between 70° and 85°. A special
size of sand must be used in order to
keep the particles from clogging the
sub-sand filter. And, of course, the
tank must contain salt water.
"Marine organisms are very sensi-
tive to change in salt concentration,"
McKeown says. "The water must be
kept at a constant level to keep the
salt concentration equal."
McKeown says he uses a synthetic
salt water mix, which is less expen-
sive than transporting water from the
coast. While saltiness is the primary
characteristic of sea water, it con-
tains many other minor elements
which are necessary for marine life.
One other requirement was listed
by .McKeown: care must be taken not
lo 'nclude natural enemies.
The Millsaps scientists have made
one discovery: The octopus cannot
as yet adapt to tank life. They re-
quire more room and will die if con-
fined to a tank.
And, McKeown says, observations
such as this can be valuable. That's
why he would like to see marine
aquariums become as popular as
fresh water tanks.
NEW GREENHOUSE BUILT
Latest addition to the campus is a
greenhouse which will be valued at ap-
proximately $10,000 when fully stock-
Financed in part with funds from a
National Science Foundation grant,
its primary purpose is to grow plants
for botany classes. It is also being
used for faculty and student research
The greenhouse is located just west
of Sullivan-Harrell Science Hall.
It is divided into two units. One is
used for foliage plants and one is set
up for growing non-foliage or flower-
ing plants. The difference in the two
units is a matter of temperature and
shade. Foliage plants require warm-
er temperatures and heavy shade.
The shade is provided by a white-
wash solution. The glass frames in
the building have been covered with
varying thicknesses of the mixture.
The two units are further divided
MARINE AQUARIUM: Animals which don't look like animals are charac-
teristic. The aquarium provides living organisms for use in laboratory study.
into sections. A propagating section
is covered with plastic to keep the
moisture content high. A ground bed
has been filled with tropical plants.
In the flowering unit sections are de-
voted to hydroponics — a method of
growing plants in solution rather than
in soil — and sand cultures.
The greenhouse is equipped with an
automatic thermostat and an automa-
tic ventilation control.
A Millsaps College graduate has
been named by President Johnson as
director of the Job Corps and another
Millsaps alumnus has been appoint-
ed to succeed him as chancellor of
the University of North Carolina at
Dr. Otis A. Singletary will be on
leave from his duties as chancellor.
Dr. J. S. Ferguson, dean at Millsaps
until 1962, will be acting chancellor.
The Job Corps is a key part of
President Johnson's anti-poverty pro-
gram. It "will provide basic educa-
tion, work and skill training in resi-
dential centers across the country for
young men and women who are vic-
tims of poverty," according to an
announcement from the White House
concerning Dr. Singletary's appoint-
Dr. Singletary, a 1947 graduate of
Millsaps, has been chancellor at North
Carolina since 1961. He earned the
Master of Arts and Doctor of Philoso-
phy degrees at Louisiana State Uni-
versity. He is married to the former
Gloria Walton, a 1948 graduate of
Dr. Ferguson, '37, was a member
of the history faculty from 1944 until
resigning to go to North Carolina in
1962. He was appointed to the posi-
tion of academic dean in 1954.
He received his Master of Arts de-
gree from LSU and the Ph. D. degree
from the University of North Carolina.
He was a Ford Scholar at Yale Uni-
versity in 1952-53.
According to the announcement, the
Job Corps constitutes "the major ef-
fort among the youth programs" of
the Office of Economic Opportunity,
directed by Sargent Shriver.
TROUBADOURS RECEIVE PRAISE
The Millsaps Singers have so long
been known for religious music that
a departure requires a little adjust-
Now there's a choral group on the
campus which devotes itself almost
(Continued on Page 21)
A career which has included found-
ing two companies, serving a judge-
ship, providing legal counsel, and
banking is the story of O. B. Taylor,
Sr., 'OS. The two companies are Mag-
nolia State Savings and Loan and
Mississippi Valley Title Insurance
Company, both of which are Jackson
firms. Now 84 years of age, Mr. Tay-
lor has been active in church and
The Character of Quality, the of-
ficial history of Greenwood Mills, is
the latest of George O. Robinson's
books, which also include And What
of Tomorrow and The Oak Ridge
Story. Mr. Robinson, a '28 graduate,
is a former newspaperman and once
served as secretary to the late U. S.
Senator Pat Harrison. During World
War II he assisted in preparing the
stories which were released when the
first atomic bomb fell over Hiroshima.
Despite the fact that he has had
thirty-eight operations in thirty years,
Howard Calhoun, '29, leads a busy
life which includes serving as labora-
tory technician with the Sunflower
County Health Department in Indiano-
la, Mississippi, and a hobby which has
produced 3,000 tomato plants, 2,000
flowering plants, and more than 200
ornamental shrubs. A bone infection
required the surgery and has resulted
in twelve back operations and the loss
of a leg. Mr. Calhoun built a small
hothouse two years ago and began
developing his interest in botany, a
hobby which he may expand into a
business when he retires.
A veteran of twenty-two years of
service. Colonel Ransom C. Jones, '26-
'28, retired as commander of the
9990th Air Reserve Recovery Squad-
ron in September. Mr. Jones is senior
partner of the architectural firm of
Jones and Haas, which he founded
following his release from active ser-
vice with the Air Force in 1946. Among
his accomplishments are the Missis-
sippi Coliseum, the Woolfolk State
Office Building, and Murrah High
School. He and Mrs. Jones, the form-
er Jessie Vic Russell, '34-'36, and their
three children reside in Jackson.
Walter N. Permenter, Jr., '32, has
joined the Education Services Office
at Keesler Air Force Base, in Biloxi,
Mississippi, as an education assistant.
Mr. Permenter held a similar post at
Greenville AFB, Mississippi, before
moving to Biloxi.
The principal speaker at Pearl Riv-
er Junior College's Homecoming Ban-
quet this year was Malton Bullock,
'36, assistant superintendent of the
Moss Point City Schools. Mr. Bullock
played professional baseball with the
Philadelphia Athletics for two years
following his graduation from Mill-
saps, and since that time has been
engaged in educational service in the
state of Mississippi.
After completing rrtore than twenty-
one years of active service Lt. Cdr.
Kathleen Clardy, Grenada '33-'36, has
retired from the Supply Corps, United
States Navy. She is attending George
Washington University in Washington
The Jackson School Board has
named Mrs. George LaFollette (Lois
Biggs, '37) principal of Poindexter
Elementary School. Mrs. LaFollette
was a fifth grade teacher at Key Ele-
mentary School before her promotion.
She has taught in Hinds County and
Jackson schools for twelve years.
Dr. O. Earl Harper, '39, has been
installed as president of Taylor Jones
Medical Society of Abilene, Texas.
Dr. Harper has practiced medicine
in Abilene since 1949. He and Mrs.
Harper, the former Mary Hedrick,
have three children.
Harvard University Press has
brought out under the Belknap Press
imprint the first two volumes of the
Diary of Charles Francis Adams,
edited by Aida DiPace Donald and
David Donald, '41. The diary is ex-
pected to run through 18 volumes. A
New York Times reviewer called the
completed volumes "a superlative
job." Dr. Donald, the winner of the
Pulitzer Prize for history in 1961, is
a member of the faculty at .Johns
A top job in the nation's manned
space flight program has been as-
signed to J. Pemble Field, '41, whose
official title is director of Gemini
program control. The program is part
of the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration Headquarters' Office
of Manned Space Flight. Mr. Field's
work has been almost entirely with
jet propulsion and missiles since 1945.
Mrs. Field, the former Elizabeth Dur-
ley, '40, has joined her husband in
Washington. They have two daughters.
Dr. H. P. Boswell, '42, has been
named staff pathologist at Jefferson
Davis County Hospital in Prentiss,
Mississippi. He is also director of the
laboratories of Marion General Hos-
pital in Columbia and the Jefferson
Davis County Hospital. Dr. Boswell,
who received his medical education
at the University of Mississippi and
the University of Tennessee, has serv-
ed residencies in obstetrics and gyne-
cology at Kapiolani Maternity Hospital
in Honolulu, Hawaii, and in pathology
at Baptist Hospital in New Orleans.
Harris M. Carter, '38-'40, has been
named assistant to the president of
the Ortho Division of California Chem-
ical Company, in which position he
will handle various aspects of the
Ortho operations, with particular em-
phasis on commercial fertilizer de-
velopment. One of the original em-
ployees of the company when it was
organized in 1957, Mr. Carter also
worked on the Manhatten Project,
predecessor of the Atomic Energy
Commission, and helped develop the
first component for atomic energy.
He and his wife and children reside
in Orinda, California.
Ernst and Ernst, accounting firm
with its Southern office in New Or-
leans, has announced the admission to
partnership of Edwin C. Daniels, '42.
Mr. Daniels is a certified public ac-
Now associated with Look magazine
in the theatre, motion picture and
television section. Jack Ryan, '61,
has been keeping Jacksonians inform-
ed about transplanted Mississippians
in New York City through a column in
the Jackson Daily News. He recently
wrote of the popularity of Brad Cran-
dall — a Millsaps alumnus who uses
a pseudonym and for whom a class
thus cannot be given — who is a night-
time personality on WNBC and who
was written up in Time in May; and
of Ben Hall, '39-'41, of the Time staff
and author of The Best Remaining
Seats, who recently wrote an article
for the Herald Tribune Sunday maga-
zine on the demise of the Paramount
From the insurance world comes
news that William Malcolm Mingee,
'40-'42, has been awarded the profes-
sional designation "Chartered Life
Underwriter"; and that E. B. Strain,
Jr., '52, has been elected to member-
ship in the Jackson Association of
Insurance Agents. Mr. Strain, who is
married to the former Ouida Faye
Gardner, '50-'52, is associated with
Nelson Insurance Agency.
Louisiana State University in New
Orleans has appointed Dr. Charles
E. Martin, '49, chairman of the newly
created department of elementary
and secondary education. Dr. Martin
served as superintendent of the Hazle-
hurst, Mississippi, Municipal School
District for five years before joining
the LSUNO faculty in 1962.
At the annual Northern New York
Conference of the Methodist Church in
May the Reverend Robert F. Nay,
'4£, was elected chairman of the Town
and Country Commission and at the
Jurisdictional Conference he was elect-
ed president of the Methodist Rural
Fellowship for the Northeastern Juris-
diction. After several months of or-
ganizational meetings and conferences
the Nays (Mary Ethel Mize, '46) have
settled down to the work of their par-
ish in Westmoreland, New York. Mr.
Nay also serves as chaplain of the
New York National Guard and was a
staff chaplain for the Empire State
Military Academy during the summer.
Sutton Marks, '48, has been elected
president of Gordon Marks and Com-
pany, Inc., a Jackson advertising and
public relations firm. Mr. Marks join-
ed the agency in 1951 after receiving
his Master's degree in advertising
and business management from North-
western University. Mr. Marks recent-
ly entered the field of politics and is
now in his second term as a member
of the Mississippi House of Represen-
tatives. Mrs. Marks is the former
Helen Murphy, '47.
A well known Mississippi recitalist
has recorded an album solely for the
pleasure of her friends and admirers.
Mrs. George Melichar (Marie Stokes,
'46-'48), now of Laurel, Mississippi,
included religious and operatic num-
bers on the album. Mrs. Melichar has
appeared as a soloist with a number
Lt. Cdr. Lawrence E. Norton, '52
has been returned to his home towr
for duty with the U. S. Navy Chaplair
Corps. Commander Norton is now ser
ving at the Meridian Naval Auxiliarj
Air Station, returning to the State;
from a post in Okinawa. He enterec
the Navy in 1959 after graduate studj
at Emory University and severa
years in the pastorate.
One of the leaders of the Unitec
Givers Fund drive in Natchez this fal
was Clarence N. Young, '53, who ii
vice-president and comptroller of th(
Britton and Koontz National Banl
there. In addition to engaging in ;
number of civic activities in Natchez
Mr. Young is a member of the execu
five committee from Adams Count;
on the Southwest Mississippi develop
ment district. He is married to thi
former Roxie Rue McClure and ha
Having completed his residene;
training at Menninger School of Psy
chiatry in Topeka, Kansas, Dr. Rober
L. McKinley, Jr., '54, has joined thi
Jackson Veterans Administration Cen
ter as staff psychiatrist. Mrs. McKin
ley is the former Betty Lack. The;
have two children, Stephanie am
Now stationed with the 4510th USA!
Hospital at Luke Air Force Base, Ari
zona. Captain Melvyn E. Stern, '5C
received his MD degree from the Uni
versity of Mississippi. He served hi
internship at Medical College of Vii
ginia, completing his residency ii
pediatrics at the University of Tennes
see and John Gaston Hospital.
Another of the several Millsap
alumni employed by the Nationa
Broadcasting Company is Mary Sid
ney Johnson, '53-'54, who is secretar,
to Philip Minoff, editorial director c
the NBC Television Network. Miss
Johnson assists Mr. Minoff with his
various duties — writing narration
for various shows, preparing NBC ads
and promotional pieces, etc. One
of their recent assignments was the
NBC special on the Louvre.
Cited as proof that a handicap need
not be a disability, Ray Montgomery,
'54-'57, was featured in a Jackson
newspaper in October. Mr. Montgom-
ery, who has been confined to a wheel-
chair since 1951, is employed as a
bookkeeper by the Canton, Mississip-
pi, Butane Company. He is a deacon
in the First Baptist Church, president
of the Junior Chamber of Commerce,
and treasurer of the Madison County
March of Dimes. Last year he served
as president of the Civitan Club.
The Reverend Tom B. Fanning, '58,
has joined the department of pastoral
care at Mississippi State Hospital in
Whitfield as staff chaplain. He was
formerly pastor of Silverville Baptist
Church in Silverville, Indiana, and re-
ceived his Bachelor of Divinity degree
from Southern Baptist Theological
seminary in Louisville, Kentucky. Mrs.
Fanning is the former Gail Weakley,
'63 graduate of Georgetown College.
The Reverend Samuel A. Tomlin-
son, '58, assumed the duties of rector
of Grace Episcopal Church in Canton,
Mississippi, in September, moving
there from Corinth, Mississippi. Mr.
Tomlinson received his S. T. B. de-
gree from the Episcopal General Theo-
logical Seminary in New York City.
Mrs. Tomlinson is the former Glenda
Wadsworth, '58. They have a two-
The University of Southern Missis-
sippi has added Dr. Peter Stocks, '59,
to its biology faculty. A bacteriologist.
Dr. Stocks received his MS degree
from Southern and his Ph. D. degree
from Louisiana State University. He
is the co-author of five publications,
serving as senior author in four of
them. Dr. Stocks is married to the
former Margie Louise Hinton and has
a six-year-old son.
Joe M. Hinds, Jr., '59, has been pro-
moted from assistant cashier to as-
sistant vice-president of Deposit Guar-
anty Bank in Jackson. Mr. Hinds is
presently enrolled in the Stonier
School of Banking at Rutgers Univer-
sity. Mrs. Hinds is the former Beth
O'Neil, '57. The couple has three chil-
The Calhoun County Bank of Cal-
houn City, Mississippi, has named V.
Eugene Berbette, '55-'57, a vice-presi-
dent of the bank. He has served as
Television Cameras Record Millsaps Activities
Millsaps has cooperated with local television stations during the past
several years in letting the public know what's going on here. Leonard Jor-
dan, '58, a member of the sociology faculty who is now on leave, appeared
on one of last year's shows. — WLBT Photo.
a bank examiner for the Grenada
Banking System and was associated
with the Mississippi State Banking
Department. He is married to the
former Jackie Wehmeyer. They have
Millsaps alumni receiving graduate
degrees recently include the following:
Stanley E. Munsey, '61, LLB degree
from Tulane University; James H.
Wible, '58-'61, DDS degree from the
University of Tennessee; Mrs. P. B.
Nations (Earline Johnson, '36), Mas-
ter's degree in education from Mem-
phis State University; and Gird Astor
McCarty, Jr., '58, DDS degree from
the University of Tennessee. Mrs.
Wible is the former Letitia Whitten,
'61. Dr. McCarty is married to the
former Kay Farrar, '58.
Thomas E. Jackson, Jr., '62, has
joined Shell Oil Company's treasury
department in New Orleans. Mr. Jack-
son received the Master of Science
degree from the University of Missis-
sippi in 1963.
The Lexington Advertiser, edited by
Pulitzer Prize-winner Hazel Brannon
Smith, has employed Gabe Beard, '64,
as a member of its news and editorial
staff. Miss Beard began her new job
in Lexington, Mississippi, in Novem-
(Continued from Page 19)
entirely to popular and folk music.
For the Troubadours the adjustment
was quickly and easily made, how-
ever, and the organization, only a lit-
tle more than a year old, is now one
of the most popular and busiest on
After last year's group returned
from Europe during the summer the
students recorded their tour program.
Frank Hains, amusement editor of
the Jackson Daily News, wrote of the
record, "... some of the selections
included are, from a coldly commerc-
ial viewpoint, quite as good as many
And after recent appearances in
Memphis Connie Richards, entertain-
ment editor of the Commercial Ap-
peal, wrote, "... a medley from
'Hello, Dolly' is as smoothly choreo-
graphed as the Fred Waring Show.
Furthermore, the singing is better."
Some copies of the Troubadours' al-
bum are still available. One side of
the record features music in the popu-
lar vein, mostly from Broadway
shows, and the other side consists
of folk music. Records are $4 for
monaural and $5 for stereophonic.
Joan Gellnda Allen, '63, to William
Riley Sanders, '62. Living in Durham,
Mary Katherine Barrett, '64, to Wil-
liam A. Barksdale, '64. Living in Jaclt-
Ethel Marguerite Beasley, '64, to
John Walter Butler.
Mary Elizabeth Bowdon to Dr.
James L. McMillan, '51. Living in
Celia Carolyn Breland, '64, to Cecil
Ray Burnham. Living in Jacl<son.
Mary Elizabeth Burford to Thomas
Frederick Dungan, '59. Living in
Alexis Kathleen Busby to Arthur
Price Burdine, '61. Living in Jackson.
Nancy Faith Craig, '61, to James
Hilton West. Living in Hattiesburg,
Nancy Mullen Davis to William San-
ford Boswell, '56-'59.
Judith Ann Dossett to Mack E. Lof-
lin, '59-'60. Living in Tokyo, Japan.
Gwendolyn Dribben, '59-'62, to James
C, Evans, Jr. Living in Cleveland,
Normastel Peatross Ford, '19-'21, to
Hugh O'Neal Smith. Living in Jack-
Cynthia Freeman to the Reverend
Robert T. Sharp, '62.
Nancy Irene Grisham, '62, to W.
Richard Anderson. Living in Monter-
Charlotte Jones to Warren Wilkins,
Byrd Montgomery Lewis, '59-'60, to
Robert L. Howie. Living in Jackson.
Mary Semmes Luckett, '56-'58, to
Douglas Oliver Wright. Living in At-
Maxine Coleman McLaurin, '63-'64,
to Edmon Lee Green, '62. Living in
Linda Joyce Pumphrey to Robert
H. Naylor, II, '62. Living at Fort
Bragg, North Carolina.
Nell Newton Ross, '57-'60, to George
Ritchie Hedrick. Living in New Mexi-
Starr Smith to Scott Francis Miller,
'56-'57. Living in Baton Rouge.
Martha Ellen Walker, '63, to Wilton
Vance Byers, Jr., '61. Living in Jack-
Georgia Kay Watts to John Robert
Baker, '59-'60. Living in Hattiesburg.
Rachel Elizabeth Whitcsel to Jim-
my Murray Jordan, '56-'58. Living in
Sylvia Diane Wilson, '62-'63, to Cur-
tis William Kyle, Jr.
This column is dedicated to the
memory of graduates, former stu-
dents, and friends who have passed
away in recent months. Every effort
has been made to compile an accurate
list, but there will be unintentional
omissions. Your help is solicited in
order that we may make the column
as complete as possible. Those whose
memory we honor are as follows:
Mrs. James Wallis Elliott (Sidney
Brame, '30), who died October 6 fol-
lowing a heart attack. She lived in
Malcolm T. Glaze, '29, who died
November 4 after a lengthy illness.
He lived in Kosciusko, Mississippi.
Dr. R. R. Haynes, emeritus profes-
sor of education, who died October
4. He was living in Jackson.
Dr. E. L. Hillman, '15, who died
November 27. He was living in Dur-
ham, North Carolina.
James B. Hillman, '04, who died
October 5. He was a resident of Phila-
Dr. A. E. Greg Holmes, '48, who
died October 23 of accidental self-in-
flicted wounds. He lived in Terry, Mis-
Bobby Jack Houston, '49-'50, who
died in August. He was a resident of
Mrs. M. J. L. Hoye (Ella Crisler,
Whitworth '08), who died January 5,
1964. She was a resident of Meridian,
Lionel Clayton Kirkland, '07-' 11, who
died July 4. He lived in Jackson.
The Reverend Roy Lesley Lane,
'31, who died November 1. He was liv-
ing in Quitman, Mississippi.
Mrs. G. T. Moore (Doris Lauchly,
'25), who died November 5 after an
extended illness. She was a resident
Charles R. Rew, '10, who died De-
cember 17. He lived in Birmingham,
John Overton Rutledge, '21, who
died October 1 after an extended ill-
ness. He was a resident of Wiggins,
Charles H. Strait, '40, who died No-
vember 24. He lived in Memphis,
(Children listed in this column
must be under one year of age. Please
report births promptly to assure pub-
Carta Frances Burch, born to Dr.
and Mrs. H. B. Burch (Clarice Black;
'55), of Lafayette, Louisiana, on Feb-
ruary 18. Other Burches are Lisa, 81
and Bubba, 6.
Sonya Grace Coleman, born May 4
to Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Cole-
man, of Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Mr. Coleman graduated in 1963.
Robin Kay Davenport, born on Octo
ber 26 to Mr. and Mrs. Howard Dav-
enport (Kay Collums, '58), of BateS'
ville, Mississippi. Beth, 5, welcomec
Wendy Cecile Hederman, born U
Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Hederman, Jr
(Edie Asprooth, '60-'61), of Jackson
on October 28.
John Davis Hilbum, born Octobei
12 to Dr. and Mrs. William M. Hil
burn, Jr. (Lucy Ewing, '58), of Jack
son. He was welcomed by Allison, 4
and William, 111, 2.
Catherine Mary Lewis, born June 2;!
to the Reverend and Mrs. T. W. Lew
is (Julia Aust), '53 and '50-'53, o
Jackson. She was welcomed by Tom
Stuart David McRae, born Septemi
ber 20 to the Reverend and Mrs. EdI
ward W. McRae (Martina Riley, '57)|
of Tucson, Arizona.
Richard Wells Mansker, Jr., bor
August 2 to Mr. and Mrs. Richard W|
Mansker (Mary Nell Roberts, '58), d
Gerald Dale Novack, Jr., born Dc
cember 9 to Mr. and Mrs. Gerall
Dale Novack (Martha Ray, '61), c
'Trom Hot Coffee
to Lick Skillet...
Professor R. R. Haynes is
mourned by former
students and friends
PROFESSOR R. R. HAYNES
One of his favorite sources of amusement was odd
names of towns, and he often mentioned the two appear-
ing in the head above.
fehind that mild manner and quiet voice one would
scarcely have suspected a background which included
the intrigue of being a suspect of espionage.
Doubtless few of his students ever Itnew of the inci-
dent. Probably none of them knew that he had had a
career in the diplomatic service or that he had once
To them he was Professor Haynes. He taught those
none-too-popular but always filled-to-capacity education
As such Professor R. R. Haynes, who taught on the
faculty for thirty years before his retirement in 1960, in-
fluenced many, many lives. During his lifetime he pre-
pared more than one thousand students for careers in
the field of education.
On October 4 Professor Haynes succumbed to a malig-
It was in 1930 that Professor Haynes joined the Mill-
saps faculty as instructor of history and education,
opening a new chapter of his life and closing the pages
on youthful indecision as to career.
Following his graduation from the University of Ten-
nessee, where he served as president of the literary
society and the YMCA, he taught for a few years in
various high schools. He then returned to the university
to enter law school and practiced law for several years.
Then, deciding that law was not his field, he collected
on a campaign promise of a successful senatorial candi-
date for whom he had worked and was appointed to the
He was sent to Dunfermline, Scotland, as vice-consul.
The year was 1915, not the most auspicious time for a
tour of duty in Europe. Before his resignation from the
service in 1919 because of ill health, he served in Edin-
burg, Scotland; Leeds, Bristol, and London in England;
and Paris in France.
It was during this time that he had a brief brush with
counter-espionage agents. On a boat tour from Glasgow,
unaware that British battleships were being tested in
the area, he kept to himself because Americans were
not enjoying immense popularity due to their reluctance
to enter the war. It didn't occur to him that his solitude
might look suspicious to others. The boat returned to
port late, causing him to miss the last train back to
Edinburg. Trying to check into a hotel for the night
without luggage, he was sent to the police station for
approval. After a serious investigation the police were
finally convinced of his innocence.
After recovery from the illness which forced his resig-
nation from the consular service, Professor Haynes re-
sumed teaching. A few years later he entered Peabody
College and received his Master's degree in history.
Millsaps recognized his long and faithful service both
to the College and the cause of education in Mississippi
in 1960 when he was awarded the L.L.D. degree.
Teachers who give their entire lives to one college
are a rarity these days. Professor Haynes was one of
Millsaps' last. He has earned a place in her history as
one of those whose names will be recalled whenever
the early days of the College are recounted and the
men who helped form her character are remembered.
Jackson, Miss. 39210^
The Plight of the Humanities
A Plus-mark: Honors Colloquia
millsaps college alumni magazine
MERGED INSTITUTIONS: Grenada
College, Whitworth College, Millsaps
MEMBER: American Alumni Council,
American College Public Relations As-
3 Events of Note
4 Quality Fit for Survival
6 The Honors Colloquia
9 The Plight of the Humanities
25 Welty on Faulkner
30 Major Miscellany
The Cover: Dr. George Boyd, chair-
man of the Honors Council, prepares
to introduce one of the colloquies on
"The Nature and Meaning of Time."
Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson,
Mississippi. Entered as second class matter on Oc-
tober 15, 1959, at the Post Office in Jackson, Mis-
sissippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912.
Shirley Caldwell, '56, Editor
James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni
Jim Lucas, '66, Photographer
Bi/ Dr. Benjamin B. Graves
One of the particular questions that has always intrigued me
is the secret of success in the private college or university. There
are over 2,000 institutions of higher learning in the United States
and, of these, roughly two-thirds are private. Throughout our his-
tory, however, there have been great numbers of private institutions
which have ceased to be; and, to be truthful, there are many among
those remaining which are marginal and linger on the threshold of
I have come to the conclusion that success in the private in-
stitution is a two-step- process. First, the college must do something
for the student that is above average or above the norm prevailing
in public institutions. In fact, I would go so far as to say that a
private college does not deserve to exist unless it can do something
more for the student than can the public institution. This something
more can be, and frequently is, a multi-faceted thing. Also, the
something more is neither as rare nor as difficult as it might seem.
If a private college can improve the student's chance for suc-
cess by as little as five or ten percent more than can the public
institution, the result will more than pay for the cost of the slight
additional investment required. Let me remind you that an under-
graduate degree today is likely to give the average student a life-
time earnings potential of approximately $100,000 above that of
a high school graduate. When one considers, then, that a college
such as Millsaps will cost the typical student a maximum of $2,000
more than the public institution, and, in many cases, no more, it
is easy to see how a slight improvement in one's chances for suc-
cess can pay handsome dividends. The record of Millsaps gradu-
ates suggests that they have, on the whole, attained this above-
If the college does this something more, then a second step is
necessary in the formula for success. The student, when he becomes
an alumnus, most do something above the norm in sharing his re-
wards with the college. This sharing can be in terms of financial
support, which we desperately need at this time at MUlsaps, but it
can also come in the form of personal, moral, and spiritual support.
There is the business of recruiting students and contacting
other sources of financial support, including foundations and per-
sons of substantial wealth. A key factor frequently noted in the
really successful private institution is apt to be a case where the
school has tapped several families or individuals who have pro-
vided major support. And now I am speaking in terms of millions.
You can help us in locating and cultivating this type of situation.
Should you think this possibility remote, may I point out that one
financial institution has estimated that there are 35,000 people in
Mississippi whose assets are sufficiently high to create estate tax
Surveys have shown that the great mass of students coming
to private institutions do so on the basis of "word of mouth"; that
is, recommendations from students, friends, and alumni. We would
like to make Millsaps College an institution that attracts students
from all over the nation, but we cannot, at the present time, afford
to send recruiting representatives to all places where there are
potential candidates. Alumni in these areas can be major aids.
Now, if this two-step process is realized, Millsaps will be a
success. We will be able to take the average to above-average stu-
dent and elevate him into that outstanding or superior individual
for the world of tomorrow. We need your assistance in helping
Millsaps College continue to provide that something more. With
your financial help, your sons and daughters, your referrals, your
personal and public relations support, I am convinced that we can
do that very thing.
Events of Note
Two major policy changes have
been announced by the Board of
Trustees since the beginning of the
year. One, the change in admissions
policy, was announced to the alumni
through a letter from President
Graves. The other concerns the ath-
Millsaps has been both praised
and denounced for the decision to
open admission to all qualified stu-
dents, as was expected, and there
are many who take the attitude that
the inevitable must be accepted.
Be that as it may, the predicted
drop in enrollment for next year does
not now seem to be a likelihood, since
admissions to date, as compared with
admissions last year to a comparable
date, are up 25%. Most of the in-
crease is in male students.
It may not be known by out-of-
state residents that only Millsaps and
William Carey (a Baptist college in
Hattiesburg) signed the compliance
pledge. BeUiaven College (Presbyte-
rian) and Mississippi College (Bap-
tist) both refused to change their ad-
missions policies and thus voted to
reject Federal grants either to the
students or to the colleges them-
The athletic policy change is from
a nonsubsidized program to one of
limited scholarship aid. The new
scholarship program is actually
broader than has thus far been indi-
cated in this report, but it is in the
area of athletics that the results are
expected to be most dramatic.
The Board announced in March the
establishment of Diamond Anniver-
sary Scholarships in celebration of
the 75th year since the chartering of
Millsaps College. Some sixty or sev-
enty tuition-and-fees grants will be
awarded for the 1965-66 academic
year on the basis of American Col-
lege Test scores, demonstrated lead-
ership potential, achievement, char-
acter, and financial need. Areas of
achievement will include athletics,
dramatics, music, forensics, and oth-
The scholarship program currently
in effect, which provides awards for
academic ability and such functional
purposes as ministerial training, will
be continued, officials said. The new
program is an extension of the
Officials have stated that the pur-
pose of the Diamond Anniversary
Scholarship Program is to provide a
better balance between academic and
other areas of achievement.
In announcing the program Presi-
dent Graves stressed that it would
not lead to an overemphasis on ath-
letics. He said that athletic competi-
tion and other extracurricular activi-
ties would remain secondary to the
"The new policy simply means
that we will consider athletics as one
of several significant areas of
achievement," he stated. "We recog-
nize the fact that physical stamina
is essential for success."
The new scholarships will cause no
change in the intramural program
other than a strengthening effort.
Students will be encouraged to par-
ticipate fully in intramurals.
The awards will provide a max-
imum of $700 per year, with the
amount granted depending on a com-
bination of factors. Some will be hon-
orary, with no financial assistance
For the benefit of those who may
have failed to receive President
Graves' letter, the statement of the
Board concerning the admissions
policy is repeated:
1. As an American institution
and one dedicated to the funda-
mental concept of majority rule in
a democracy, Millsaps believes
that it has an obligation to abide
by the laws of this nation. This it
believes even though there may be
substantial disagreement among its
constituency on the merit of a par-
ticular set of laws. Law and order
must be maintained if there is to
be peace, tranquihty and progress
in our beloved nation and state.
2. An an institution of the Meth-
odist Church, Millsaps has through-
out its history attempted to express
in its policies and actions, and in
the atmosphere on its campus, the
highest ideals of the Christian faith.
In this tradition, the College can-
not remain unresponsive to the call
of the church for an end to dis-
crimination and for the opening of
its facilities to qualified persons in
a spirit of Christian concern for
3. As an institution of higher
learning, Millsaps cannot cut itself
off from the mainstream of Amer-
ican life and thought in the mid-
twentieth century. Any restriction
on the free exchange of ideas
among men raises serious questions
about the academic integrity of a
college or university. From i t s
founding, Millsaps College has em-
phasized excellence in Christian
higher education. This standard of
excellence has been recognized in
this state and throughout the na-
tion. The reputation of the College
and its ability to attract outstand-
ing men and women to its faculty
can be maintained only if a condi-
tion of unbiased search for truth
and a concern for individual men
Head football coach Harper Davis
has announced the awarding of nine-
teen of the new scholarships. Eight
of them are to new students and
eleven have been given to current
students who intend to participate in
the football program next year.
Students who have been accepted
by the Admissions Committee and
granted scholarships include the fol-
George Whitten, Copiah-Lincoln
Junior CoUege tackle; 6'1, 200
pounds; All Little Dixie; captain of
high school varsity team; president
of high school class; president of
Future Farmers of America.
Stanley Graham, Jackson Cen-
tral High School tackle; &ZV2, 235
pounds; honorable mention. All
State and All Big 8 teams; score
on the science section of ACT
places him in 96th percentile of all
college - bound students; received
the David T. Ridgway Award for
Christian leadership on team; cadet
major and battalion executive offi-
cer of ROTC; officer of J Club;
(Continued on Page 28)
The Humanities: Something More
Quality Fit For Survival
By Dr. Robert E. Bergmark
Chairman, Humanities Division
Socrates, on trial for his life and pondering the pos-
sibility of being put to death, emphatically asserted that
what needs attention is not simply living, but living
well. Many a man is able to prolong his life, but quality
living calls for something more than mere endurance.
The problem is not simply the avoidance of death, but
the avoidance of unexamined and unenriched living.
When the choice is between death on the one hand and
endurance without significant human quality on the
other, Socrates counsels death in preference to mere en-
These are days when great emphasis is placed on
the need for survival. From fall-out shelters to bacteri-
ological warfare, from intercontinental missiles to "Min-
utemen" armed to the teeth and trained for mortal com-
bat, preparations are being made for the sake of survival.
But survive for what? for what purpose? to achieve
what goals? to hope for what ends? to be guided by what
value considerations? Socrates did not despise the thought
of survival. He would have been happy to put off death,
had quality living still been possible for him. So, with
us, survival is surely not something to be despised. If
we are to know quality living, then we must survive in
order to have the opportunity to give ourselves to it.
But let us beware of being so intent upon personal or
national survival that we fail to give adequate attention
to the problem of quality worthy of survival.
Historically, the studies known as the humanities have
been intimately related to the matter of human qualities
worthy of survival. Literature, poetry, philosophy, reli-
gion, art, music — across the centuries these have been
the great humanizing and civilizing forces. They have
served to broaden the sympathies, enrich the meanings,
improve the values, and ennoble the purposes that char-
acterize human life at its best and make it worth the
living. The humanities awaken the individual to the deep-
er issues of life. They give him insight into who he is as
a conscious, thinking, willing, oughting self. They deepen
his sensitivities and broaden his appreciations in the
areas of truth, beauty, goodness, and holiness. And in
society they provide an ideal of freedom, justice, mercy,
magnanimity, and grace. As DeVane has so well said,
"A society without the humanities is a crude, ruthless,
and blind thing, predatory, unimaginative, acquisitive,
slavish, and materialistic."
Indeed, a great part of our problem in the world today
is related to a serious lack in the area of the humanities.
A tragically large percentage of the human race is made
up of people who have only a marginal human existence,
to whom poetry is unknown, art and music are known
only on a crude and superficial level, and any reading
they might do is at best uninspiring and oftentimes de-
grading. And this lack in enrichment has a direct bear-
ing upon the values which they pursue. For example, it is
difficult to believe that the bomb-throwers and church-
burners, after a successful foray, go home to read poetry,
listen to a symphony, or peruse the most recent edition
of The Greek Heritage. On the other hand, the person
whose early-evening hours are spent with significant
books or recordings can scarcely be pictured as then
going out to throw bombs or set fire to churches.
Millsaps College as a whole, and the Humanities Divi-
sion in particular, is dedicated to the task of providing
an education that is something more than the accumula-
tion of facts, something more than training in technology,
something more than developing techniques for making a
living. Making a living is dreadfully important, and
Millsaps College is properly concerned about this as a
valid goal, but making a life is also to be considered if
living is to be worthwhile.
Our literature offerings at Millsaps come in a variety
of languages, from Greek and Latin of the Classical
Period to German, French, Spanish, Italian, and English.
To this array Russian should be added as soon as pos-
sible. Course offerings are provided for specialized study
in the various literary forms — pwetry, drama, the novel,
the short story. Courses in speech and journalism and
activities in debate and dramatics offer a proper and
effective extension of the more academic concerns. And
language study itself is civilizing and humanizing. The
person who knows only his mother-tongue is simply un-
able to understand the symbolic nature and inner struc-
ture of the whole process of communication. A genuine
study of another language provides an understanding
of and appreciation for one's native language, as well
as the nature of language itself, and at the same time
provides some insights into another culture, which is
always a broadening experience.
Further development is needed in the area of Asian
studies. Currently we offer a course in Oriental philosophy
and a course in comparative religion. These constitute
a good beginning, but only a beginning. Inter-disciplin-
ary work is needed here, and conversations were begun
last fall to explore the possibilities of setting up a co-
operative venture in which philosophy, political science,
sociology, and religion might contribute and share. We
need additional personnel to staff such a program, but
the existing possibilities of it are quite apparent and we
need to press forward on this front.
In the area of the arts, we are greatly enriched this
year by the presence of our Writer-in-Residence, Miss
Eudora Welty. Indeed, in her own person she very ef-
fectively joins the arts and the humanities. Creative
writing produces literature, and at the same time the
creative writer is an artist. These are days when it has
become quite fashionable to have artists-in-residence,
but Millsaps, enjoying the presence of Miss Welty this
year, has known the joy and effectiveness of such an
arrangement for a great number of years in the persons
of Karl Wolfe and Mildred Wolfe, each an artist of con-
siderable renown. Mr. and Mrs. Wolfe have enriched
the lives of Millsaps students and faculty members both
by their presence on the campus and by the courses
which they offer. Also, Mr. Wolfe has made extremely
valuable suggestions toward the improving and enlarg-
ing of our program in the fine arts.
For some time now we have been talking about the
need for a fine arts building, and the need becomes in-
creasingly more pressing. The work in music, dramatics,
and the plastic arts will be greatly enhanced and offer-
ings will be far more attractive once this addition is
realized. In the meantime, highly significant activities
continue in the old surroundings.
More and more people, these days, are realizing the
worth of a broad, liberal arts education. The medical
schools are encouraging their candidates to take more
work in the humanities during their undergraduate
years. Business leaders are giving the same counsel
to their prospective neophytes. As human beings we
need first of all to be humanized, and only later to be
fitted out as lawyers, housewives, clergymen, plumbers,
businessmen, farmers, or physicians. As Aristotle said
in the Politics, "The same education and the same habits
will be found to make a good man and a good states-
man and king." If we can work, first of all, at the task
of becoming fully human, we will then be more ade-
quately prepared to render effective service in our par-
ticular role in life.
Robert Maynard Hutchins once wrote that "the aim of
education is to connect man with man, to connect the
present with the past, and to advance the thinking of
the race." It is this aim that inspires and motivates
work in the humanities and in all education worthy of
the name, and it is this aim to which we are dedicated.
THE AUTHOR: Dr. Robert E. Bergmark, right, looks
over a proposed textbook with Dr. Hughes Cox, assistant
professor of philosophy. Dr. Bergmark joined the Mill-
saps faculty in 1953. He is chairman of the philosophy
department. He holds the Bachelor or Arts degree from
Emory University and the Bachelor of Sacred Theology
and Ph. D. degrees from Boston University.
The Humanities: Something More
The Honors Colloquia:
What's the time of day? "
By Dr. George W. Boyd
Chairman, Honors Council
For twenty-five years two passages of poetry by mod-
ern American poets have haunted me. One is in E. A.
Robinson's "Ben Johnson Entertains a Man from Strat-
ford"; Robinson has Shakespeare, "old enough to be/The
father of a world," say: "Ben, you're a scholar, what's
the time of day?" The other passage is in Frost's "Ac-
quainted with the Night":
And further still at an unearthly height,
One luminary clock against the sky
Proclaimed the time was neither wrong nor right.
I have been one acquainted with the night.
Somehow these two passages have signaled my con-
tinuing concern with the nature of time. Over the years
has come the reading and re-reading of Mann's Magic
Mountain, perhaps the most profound study of time in
the world; Proust's Rememberance of Things Past, the
most elegant study; and finally Eliot's Four Quartets,
for me the most illuminating study I know.
Last October Dr. William Hendee and I were standing
under the clock in Murrah Hall talking about how the
Honors Council must meet and make plans for the Spring
Colloquia. Dr. Hendee said casually that he'd like the
Colloquia to study time. Suddenly we both knew it was
the subject that interested us most. The other members
of the Honors Council joined in our enthusiasm, and the
plans came together easily. The Colloquia theme, in
short, is an inspired one.
So we are exploring the nature and meaning of time.
We have so far defined nothing, not even the central
concept of time itself. We have characterized and de-
scribed. We have raised some vital questions; we have
not yet attempted final answers. Indeed, I rather think
that although we are seeking answers we are even more
concerned with raising more precise and more relevant
questions. We are asking: What's the time of day? of
decade? of century? of life? We are questioning how
different disciplines and art forms conceive and use time
differently. We are reading and talking — two of the most
pleasurable activities in the world.
I am writing this article during the spring holidays,
March 25 — March 31, which is to say that I am writing
from the very middle of the Colloquia. I can tell you
with real excitement where we have been in our collo-
quies; I can tell you the direction in which we are start-
ing the second half. I cannot tell you, though, where we
shall arrive. No one of us knows at this point. The reason
is that our theme is dynamic, and is, for all of us any-
way, largely unexplored.
We began with Madeleine McMullan's leading a bril-
liant evening on Toynbee's A Study of History, volume 12,
the Reconsideration volume. Here was a good, safe
place to begin, we thought. That is, it was a familiar,
conventional, conservative place to begin. There were
past, present, future — comfortable, familiar, and sud-
denly unknown categories. Mrs. McMullan read a splend-
id Colloquium Preface touching on Toynbee's basic meth-
ods: his vocabulary, his universal concerns, his central
myth, his cyclic theories. A lively discussion followed
on Toynbee's errors, his tentative conclusions, the rela-
tionship of history and memory, whether Toynbee is in
fact historian or poet, above all, his freeing of the future.
The second evening, led by Dr. Hendee, focused the
physicist's philosophy on the meaning of time. Suddenly,
all the safety of history, conventional or otherwise, dis-
appeared. Here was a view of time conditioned by Ein-
stein's special theory of relativity, which saw time as
neither linear nor cyclic, which found no basic rhythm
of the universe and consequently no time based on such
a rhythm, which questioned the validity and significance
of memory, which finally held that there was no such
thing as "absolute" time. Here were shock and excite-
ment, intense and illuminating.
For a delightful change of pace, Lawrence Crawford
led a colloquium in his studio on time in music. The cen-
tral motif of the evening was an exploration or how mu-
sic articulates time — in its temporal, its harmonic, its
Professor W. H. Baskin led the first evening of dis-
cussion on a purely literary title, Proust's Swann's Way.
In the Preface and in the colloquy, the exploration of
Proustian Time was splendidly searching. The nature of
Proustian reality, Proust's two kinds of memory, Proust's
levels of pastness, and, above all, the duality of Prous-
tian optics: all these contributed to the central considera-
tion of how f6r Proust the memory delivers us from
time. Proustian time, it was clear, was different indeed
from the historian's, the physicist's, or the musician's
A sudden panning of the cameras and we were view-
ing time tiirough a geologist's eyes, and now it was
time in billions of years. In geological time one is nev-
er far from an awareness of astronomical time, and this
colloquium was held on the evening of the day that
Ranger IX hit the moon. What kind of time was this?
Is it the same as the others? Is it different from but
related to the others? Is time after all nothing but the
watch or calendar we look at?
Next week, in "Physiological Clocks," I have a feel-
ing that Jim McKeown is going to say that time is sim-
ply the pulse I can feel. We'll see. At any rate, in the
second half of the Colloquia we are zeroing in on the
individual and time — which is where we all want the
closest examination, I expect. Miss Eudora Welty, our
Writer-in-Residence, will lead the evening on Faulkner's
The Sound and the Fury, the magnificent novel about
people and four days. In this book Faulkner works magic
with time, its shifting patterns, its reversals, recurrences,
the continuous and final blurring of distinctions between
past and future.
After the Faulkner evening. Professor T. W. Lewis
will present Rudolph Bultmann's study of history and
eschatology, of past things and last things. We feel the
need of an expert probing of theological dimensions and
implications of time and timelessness. After Bultmann,
I will demonstrate Eliot's handling of the time and eter-
nity theme in the Four Quartets. Finally, Robert Berg-
mark, professor of philosophy and chairman of the
Humanities Division, will attempt the Herculean task
of summing up. Dr. Bergmark is a brave man.
Where shall we have gone in the Colloquia? I think
from then to eternity; and I am thinking of Boethius's
characterization of eternity as interminabilis vitae tota
simul et perfecta possessio, "whole, simultaneous, and
complete fruition of a life without bounds." I hope that
when we arrive where we're going we shall be able to
understand it and describe it. In any event, from the
middle of the journey now I can testify to the con-
siderable pleasures of the journey itself.
Time in music — Lawrence Crawford, instructor of
music, led one of the colloquies, discussing Meyer's
Emotion and Meaning in Music. There were a total
of nine sessions in this spring's Honor Colloquia.
HONORS COLLOQUIA CALENDAR
THE PAST AND FUTURE
Arnold Toynbee, A Study of
Leader: Madeleine McMullan
THE PHYSICIST AS PHILOSO-
G. J. Whitrow, The Natural
Philosophy of Time
Leader: Dr. William Hendee
TIME IN MUSIC
L. Meyer, Emotion and Mean-
ing in Music
Leader: Lawrence Crawford
Leader: James P. McKeown
TIME IN GEOLOGY
P. M. Hurley, How Old Is the
Leader: Wendell Johnson
FOUR DAYS ON EARTH
Faulkner, The Sound and the
Leader: Eudora Welty
TIME AND ETERNITY. 1. THE
Rudolph Bultmann, History and
Leader: T. W. Lewis
TIME AND ETERNITY. II. THE
T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets
Leader: Dr. George Boyd
TOWARD A SUMMING UP
Leader: Dr. Robert E. Berg-
FINAL ESSAY EXAMINATION
Composed, given, and graded
by the Honors Council
COPYRIGHT 1965 BY EDITORIAL PROJECTS FOR EDUCATION, INC.
our culture stands in danger
of losing its very soul.
WITH the greatest economic prosperity
ever known by Man;
With scientific accomphshments
unparalleled in human history;
With a technology whose machines and methods
continually revolutionize our way of life:
Wc are neglecting, and stand in serious danger of
losing, our culture's very soul.
This is the considered judgment of men and women
at colleges and universities throughout the United
States — men and women whose life's work it is to
study our culture and its "soul." They are scholars
and teachers of the humanities: history, languages,
literature, the arts, philosophy, the history and com-
parison of law and religion. Their concern is Man
and men — today, tomorrow, throughout history.
Their scholarship and wisdom are devoted to assess-
ing where we humans are, in relation to where we
have come from — and where we may be going, in
light of where we are and have been.
Today, examining Western Man and men, many
of them are profoundly troubled by what they see:
an evident disregard, or at best a deep devaluation,
of the things that refine and dignify and give meaning
and heart to our humanity.
-ow IS IT NOW with us?" asks a group of
distinguished historians. Their answer: "Without
really intending it, we are on our way to becoming a
A group of specialists in Asian studies, reaching
essentially the same conclusion, offers an explanation:
"It is a truism that we are a nation of activists,
problem-solvers, inventors, would-be makers of bet-
ter mousetraps. . . . The humanities in the age of
super-science and super-technology have an increas-
ingly difficult struggle for existence."
"Soberly," reports a committee of the American
Historical Association, "we must say that in Ameri-
can society, for many generations past, the prevailing
concern has been for the conquest of nature, the pro-
duction of material goods, and the development of a
viable system of democratic government. Hence we
have stressed the sciences, the application of science
through engineering, and the application of engineer-
ing or quantitative methods to the economic and
political problems of a prospering repubUc."
The stress, the historians note, has become even
more intense in recent years. Nuclear fission, the
Communist threat, the upheavals in Africa and Asia,
and the invasion of space have caused our concern
with "practical" things to be "enormously rein-
Says a blue-ribbon "Commission on the Humani-
ties," established as a result of the growing sense of
unease about the non-scientific aspects of human life:
"The result has often been that our social, moral,
and aesthetic development lagged behind our material
advance. . . .
"The state of the humanities today creates a crisis
for national leadership."
HE CRISIS, which extends into every home,
into every life, into every section of our society, is
best observed in our colleges and universities. As
both mirrors and creators of our civilization's atti-
tudes, the colleges and universities not only reflect
what is happening throughout society, but often
indicate what is likely to come.
Today, on many campuses, science and engineering
are in the ascendancy. As if in consequence, important
parts of the humanities appear to be on the wane.
Scientists and engineers are likely to command the
best job offers, the best salaries. Scholars in the hu-
manities are likely to receive lesser rewards.
Scientists and engineers are likely to be given linan-
cial grants and contracts for their research — by govern-
ment agencies, by foundations, by industry. Scholars
in the humanities are likely to look in vain for such
Scientists and engineers are likely to find many of
the best-qualified students clamoring to join their
ranks. Those in the humanities, more often than not,
must watch helplessly as the talent goes next door.
Scientists and engineers are likely to get new build-
ings, expensive equipment, well-stocked and up-to-
the-minute libraries. Scholars in the humanities, even
allowing for their more modest requirements of phys-
ical facilities, often wind up with second-best.
Quite naturally, such conspicuous contrasts have
created jealousies. And they have driven some persons
in the humanities (and some in the sciences, as well)
to these conclusions:
1) The sciences and the humanities are in mortal
competition. As science thrives, the humanilics must
languish — and vice versa.
2) There are only so many physical facilities, so
much money, and so much research and teaching
equipment to go around. Science gets its at the ex-
pense of the humanities. The humanities' lot will be
improved only if the sciences" lot is cut back.
To others, both in science and in the humanities,
such assertions sound like nonsense. Our society,
they say, can well afford to give generous support to
both science and the humanities. (Whether or not it
will, they admit, is another question.)
A committee advising the President of the United
States on the needs of science said in 1960:
". . . We repudiate emphatically any notion that
science research and scientific education are the only
kinds of learning that matter to America. . . . Obvi-
ously a high civilization must not limit its efforts to
science alone. Even in the interests of science itself,
it is essential to give full value and support to the
other great branches of Man's artistic, literary, and
scholarly activity. The advancement of science must
not be accomplished by the impoverishment of any-
thing else. . . ."
The Commission on the Humanities has said:
"Science is far more than a tool for adding to our
security and comfort. It embraces in its broadest
sense all efforts to achieve valid and coherent views
of reality; as such, it extends the boundaries of ex-
perience and adds new dimensions to human char-
acter. If the interdependence of science and the hu-
manities were more generally understood, men would
be more likely to become masters of their technology
and not its unthinking servants."
None of which is to deny the existence of differ-
ences between science and the humanities, some of
which are due to a lack of communication but others
of which come from deep-seated misgivings that the
scholars in one vineyard may have about the work
and philosophies of scholars in the other. Differences
or no, however, there is little doubt that, if Americans
should choose to give equal importance to both
science and the humanities, there are enough ma-
terial resources in the U.S. to endow both, amply.
.Hus FAR, however, Americans have not so
chosen. Our culture is the poorer for it.
the humanities' view:
"Composite man, cross-section man,
organization man, status-seeking man
are not here. It is still one of the
merits of the humanities that they see
man with all his virtues and weak-
nesses, including his first, middle, and
DON CAMERON ALLEN
WHY SHOULD an educated but practical
American take the vitality of the
humanities as his personal concern?
What possible reason is there for the
business or professional man, say, to trouble himself
with the present predicament of such esoteric fields
as philosophy, exotic literatures, history, and art?
In answer, some quote Hamlet:
What is a man
If his chief good and market of his time
Be but to sleep and feed? a beast, no more.
Others, concerned with the effects of science and
technology upon the race, may cite Lewis Mumford:
"... It is now plain that only by restoring the
human personality to the center of our scheme of
thought can mechanization and automation be
brought back into the services of life. Until this hap-
pens in education, there is not a single advance in
science, from the release of nuclear energy to the
isolation of DNA in genetic inheritance, that may
not, because of our literally absent-minded automa-
tion in applying it, bring on disastrous consequences
to the human race."
Says Adlai Stevenson:
"To survive this revolution [of science and tech-
nology], education, not wealth and weapons, is our
best hope — that largeness of vision and generosity of
spirit which spring from contact with the best minds
and treasures of our civilization."
.HE COMMISSION on the Humanities cites five
reasons, among others, why America's need of the
humanities is great:
"1) All men require that a vision be held before
them, an ideal toward which they may strive. Ameri-
cans need such a vision today as never before in their
history. It is both the dignity and the duty of hu-
manists to oflfer their fellow-countrymen whatever
understanding can be attained by fallible humanity
of such enduring values as justice, freedom, virtue,
beauty, and truth. Only thus do we join ourselves
to the heritage of our nation and our human kind.
"2) Democracy demands wisdom of the average
man. Without the exercise of wisdom free institutions
and personal liberty are inevitably imperiled. To
know the best that has been thought and said in
former times can make us wiser than we otherwise
might be, and in this respect the humanities are not
merely our, but the world's, best hope.
"3) . . . [Many men] find it hard to fathom the
motives of a country which will spend billions on its
outward defense and at the same time do little to
maintain the creative and imaginative abilities of its
own people. The arts have an unparalleled capability
for crossing the national barriers imposed by language
and contrasting customs. The recently increased
American encouragement of the performing arts is
to be welcomed, and will be welcomed everywhere
as a sign that Americans accept their cultural respon-
sibilities, especially if it serves to prompt a corre-
sponding increase in support for the visual and the
liberal arts. It is by way of the humanities that we
best come to understand cultures other than our own,
and they best to understand ours.
"4) World leadership of the kind which has come
upon the United States cannot rest solely upon su-
perior force, vast wealth, or preponderant technology.
Only the elevation of its goals and the excellence of
its conduct entitle one nation to ask others to follow
its lead. These are things of the spirit. If we appear
to discourage creativity, to demean the fanciful and
the beautiful, to have no concern for man's ultimate
destiny — if, in short, we ignore the humanities — then
both our goals and our efforts to attain them will be
measured with suspicion.
"5) A novel and serious challenge to Americans
is posed by the remarkable increase in their leisure
time. The forty-hour week and the likelihood of a
shorter one, the greater life-expectancy and the earlier
ages of retirement, have combined to make the bless-
ing of leisure a source of personal and community
concern. 'What shall I do with my spare time' all-too-
quickly becomes the question 'Who am I? What shall
I make of my life?' When men and women find
nothing within themselves but emptiness they turn
to trivial and narcotic amusements, and the society
of which they are a part becomes socially delinquent
and potentially unstable. The humanities are the im-
memorial answer to man's questioning and to his
need for self-expression; they are uniquely equipped
to fill the 'abyss of leisure.' "
The arguments are persuasive. But, aside from the
scholars themselves (who are already convinced), is
anybody listening? Is anybody stirred enough to do
something about "saving" the humanities before it
is too late?
"Assuming it considers the matter at all," says
Dean George C. Branam, "the population as a whole
sees [the death of the liberal arts tradition] only as
the overdue departure of a pet dinosaur.
"It is not uncommon for educated men, after
expressing their overwhelming belief in liberal educa-
tion, to advocate sacrificing the meager portion found
in most curricula to get in more subjects related to
the technical job training which is now the principal
"The respect they profess, however honestly they
proclaim it, is in the final analysis superficial and
false: they must squeeze in one more math course
for the engineer, one more course in comparative
anatomy for the pre-medical student, one more ac-
counting course for the business major. The business
man does not have to know anything about a Bee-
thoven symphony; the doctor doesn't have to com-
prehend a line of Shakespeare; the engineer will
perform his job well enough without ever having
heard of Machiavelli. The unspoken assumption is
that the proper function of education is job training
and that alone."
Job training, of course, is one thing the humanities
rarely provide, except for the handful of students
who will go on to become teachers of the humanities
themselves. Rather, as a committee of schoolmen
has put it, "they are fields of study which hold values
for all human beings regardless of their abilities,
interests, or means of livelihood. These studies hold
such values for all men precisely because they are
focused upon universal qualities rather than upon
specific and measurable ends. . . . [They] help man to
find a purpose, endow him with the ability to criticize
intelligently and therefore to improve his own society,
and establish for the individual his sense of identity
with other men both in his own country and in the
world at large."
-S THIS reason enough for educated Americans
to give the humanities their urgently needed support?
# The humanities: "Our Hves are
^^I'pon the humanities depend the
national ethic and moralitv. . .
the substance they are made of."
. . . the nalional use of our
environment and our material accumjilixhments.''''
. . . the national aesthetic and
beauty or lack of it . . .
# "J viilUon- dollar
a 7nillion dollars^'
THE CRISIS in the humanities involves people,
facilities, and money. The greatest of these,
many believe, is money. With more funds,
the other parts of the humanities' problem
would not be impossible to solve. Without more,
they may well be.
More money would help attract more bright stu-
dents into the humanities. Today the lack of funds is
turning many of today's most talented young people
into more lucrative fields. "Students are no different
from other people in that they can quickly observe
where the money is available, and draw the logical
conclusion as to which activities their society con-
siders important," the Commission on the Humanities
observes. A dean puts it bluntly: "The bright student,
as well as a white rat, knows a reward when he sees
More money would strengthen college and uni-
versity faculties. In many areas, more faculty mem-
bers are needed urgently. The American Philosophical
Association, for example, reports: ". . . Teaching
demands will increase enormously in the years im-
mediately to come. The result is: (1) the quahty of
humanistic teaching is now in serious danger of de-
teriorating; (2) qualified teachers are attracted to
other endeavors; and (3) the progress of research and
creative work within the humanistic disciplines falls
far behind that of the sciences."
More money would permit the establishment of
new scholarships, fellowships, and loans to students.
More money would stimulate travel and hence
strengthen research. "Even those of us who have
access to good libraries on our own campuses must
travel far afield for many materials essential to
scholarship," say members of the Modern Language
More money would finance the publication of long-
overdue collections of literary works. Collections of
Whitman, Hawthorne, and Melville, for example,
are "ofl^cially under way [but] face both scholarly
and financial problems." The same is true of transla-
tions of foreign literature. Taking Russian authors as
an example, the Modern Language Association notes:
"The major novels and other works of Turgenev,
Gogol, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Chekhov are readily
available, but many of the translations are inferior
and most editions lack notes and adequate introduc-
tions. . . . There are more than half a dozen transla-
tions of Crime and Punishment. . . . but there is no
English edition of Dostoevsky's critical articles, and
none of his complete published letters. [Other] writers
of outstanding importance. . . . have been treated
only in a desultory fashion."
More money would enable historians to enter areas
now covered only adequately. "Additional, more
substantial, or more immediate help," historians say,
is needed for studies of Asia, Russia, Central Europe,
the Middle East, and North Africa; for work in intel-
lectual history; for studying the history of our West-
ern tradition "with its roots in ancient, classical.
Christian, and medieval history"; and for "renewed
emphasis on the history of Western Europe and
America." "As modest in their talents as in their
public position," a committee of the American His-
THUS PROFESSOR GAY WILSON ALLEN, One of the
editors, describes the work on a complete edition
of the writings of Wait Whitman. Because of a
lack of sufficient funds, many important htcrary
projects are stalled in the United States. One in-
dication of the state of affairs: the works of only
two American literary figures — Emily Dickinson
and Sidney Lanier — are considered to have been
collected in editions that need no major revisions.
torical Association says, "our historians too often
have shown themselves timid and pedestrian in ap-
proach, dull and unimaginative in their writing. Yet
these are vices that stem from public indifference."
More money would enable some scholars, now en-
gaged in "applied" research in order to get funds, to
undertake "pure" research, where they might be far
more valuable to themselves and to society. An ex-
ample, from the field of linguistics: Money has been
available in substantial quantities for research related
to foreign-language teaching, to the development of
language-translation machines, or to military com-
munications. "The results are predictable," says a
report of the Linguistics Society of America. "On
the one hand, the linguist is tempted into subterfuge —
dressing up a problem of basic research to make it
look like applied research. Or, on the other hand, he
is tempted into applied research for which he is not
really ready, because the basic research which must
lie behind it has not yet been done."
More money would greatly stimulate work in
archaeology. "The lessons of Man's past are humbling
ones," Professor William Foxwell Albright, one of
the world's leading Biblical archaeologists, has said.
"They are also useful ones. For if anything is clear,
it is that we cannot dismiss any part of our human
story as irrelevant to the future of inankind." But,
reports the Archaeological Institute of America, "the
knowledge of valuable ancient remains is often per-
manently lost to us for the lack of as little as $5,000."
MORE money: that is the great need. But
where will it come from?
Science and technology, in America,
owe much of their present financial
strength — and, hence, the means behind their spec-
tacular accomplishments — to the Federal govern-
ment. Since World War 11, billions of dollars have
flowed I'rom Washington to the nation's laboratories,
including those on many a college and university
The humanities have received relatively few such
dollars, most of them earmarked for foreign language
projects and area studies. One Congressional report
showed that virtually all Federal grants for academic
facilities and equipment were spent for science; 87
percent of Federal funds for graduate fellowships
went to science and engineering; by far the bulk of
Federal support of faculty members (more than $60
million) went to science; and most of the Federal
money for curriculum strengthening was spent on
science. Of $1,126 billion in Federal funds for basic
research in 1962, it was calculated that 66 percent
went to the physical sciences, 29 percent to the life
sciences, 3 percent to the psychological sciences, 2
percent to the social sciences, and I percent to "other"
fields. (The figures total 101 percent because fractions
are rounded out.)
The funds — particularly those for research — were
appropriated on the basis of a clearcut quid pro quo:
in return for its money, the government would get
research results plainly contributing to the national
welfare, particularly health and defense.
With a few exceptions, activities covered by the
humanities have not been considered by Congress to
contribute sufficiently to "the national welfare" to
qualify for such Federal support.
.T IS on precisely this point — that the humanities
are indeed essential to the national welfare — that
persons and organizations active in the humanities
are now basing a strong appeal for Federal support.
The appeal is centered in a report of the Commis-
sion on the Humanities, produced by a group of dis-
tinguished scholars and non-scholars under the chair-
manship of Barnaby C. Keeney, the president of
Brown University, and endorsed by organization
after organization of humanities specialists.
"Traditionally our government has entered areas
where there were overt difl^culties or where an oppor-
tunity had opened for exceptional achievement," the
report states. "The humanities fit both categories,
for the potential achievements are enormous while
the troubles stemming from inadequate support are
comparably great. 1 he problems are of nationwide
scope and interest. Upon the humanities depend the
national clhic and morality, the national aesthetic
and beauty or the lack of it, the national use of our
environment and our material accomplishments. . . .
"The stakes are so high and the issues of such
magnitude that the humanities must have substantial
help both from the Federal government and from
The commission's recommendation: "the establish-
ment of a National Humanities Foundation to
parallel the National Science Foundation, which is so
successfully carrying out the public responsibilities
entrusted to it."
UCH A PROPOSAL raises important questions
for Congress and for all Americans.
Is Federal aid, for example, truly necessary? Can-
not private sources, along with the states and mu-
nicipalities which already support much of American
higher education, carry the burden? The advocates
of Federal support point, in reply, to the present
state of the humanities. Apparently such sources of
support, alone, have not been adequate.
Will Federal aid lead inevitably to Federal control?
"There are those who think that the danger of
^^ Until they zvaut to^
it wonH he clone. ^^
BARNABY c. KEENEY (opposltc page). University
president and scholar in the humanities, chairs
the Commission on the Humanities, which has
recommended the estabhshment of a Federally
financed National Humanities Foundation. Will
this lead to Federal interference? Says President
Keeney: "When the people of the U.S. want to
control teaching and scholarship in the humani-
ties, they will do it regardless of whether there is
Federal aid. Until they want to, it won't be done."
Federal control is greater in the humanities and the
arts than in the sciences, presumably because politics
will bow to objective facts but not to values and
taste," acknowledges Frederick Burkhardt, president
of the American Council of Learned Societies, one
of the sponsors of the Commission on the Humanities
and an endorser of its recommendation. "The plain
fact is that there is always a danger of external con-
trol or interference in education and research, on
both the Federal and local levels, in both the public
and private sectors. The establishment of institutions
and procedures that reduce or eliminate such inter-
ference is one of the great achievements of the demo-
cratic system of government and way of life."
Say the committeemen of the American Historical
Association: "A government which gives no support
at all to humane values may be careless of its own
destiny, but that government which gives too much
support (and policy direction) may be more danger-
ous still. Inescapably, we must somehow increase the
prestige of the humanities and the flow of funds. At
the same time, however grave this need, we must
safeguard the independence, the originality, and the
freedom of expression of those individuals and those
groups and those institutions which are concerned
with Uberal learning."
Fearing a serious erosion of such independence,
some persons in higher education flatly oppose Fed-
eral support, and refuse it when it is offered.
Whether or not Washington does assume a role in
financing the humanities, through a National Hu-
manities Foundation or otherwise, this much is cer-
tain: the humanities, if they are to regain strength
in this country, must have greater understanding,
backing, and support. More funds from private
sources are a necessity, even if (perhaps especially if)
Federal money becomes available. A diversity of
sources of funds can be the humanities' best insurance
against control by any one.
Happily, the humanities are one sector of higher
education in which private gifts — even modest gifts —
can still achieve notable results. Few Americans are
wealthy enough to endow a cyclotron, but there are
many who could, if they would, endow a research
fellowship or help build a library collection in the
.N BOTH public and private institutions, in both
small colleges and large universities, the need is ur-
gent. Beyond the campuses, it affects every phase of
the national life.
This is the fateful question:
Do we Americans, amidst our material well-being,
have the wisdom, the vision, and the determination
to save our culture's very soul?
The report on this and the preceding 15
pages is the product of a cooperative en-
deavor in which scores of schools, colleges,
and universities are taking part. It was
prepared under the direction of the group
listed below, who form editorial projects
FOR EDUCATION, a non-profit organization
associated with the American Alumni
Council. (The editors, of course, speak for
themselves and not for their institutions.)
Copyright © 1965 by Editorial Projects for
Education, Inc. All rights reserved; no
part may be reproduced without express
permission of the editors. Printed in U.S.A.
Carnegie Institute of Technology
DAVID A. BURR
The University of Oklahoma
BEATRICE M. FIELD
MARALYN O. GILLESPIE
CHARLES M. HELMKEN
American Alumni Council
JOHN I. MATTILL
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The University of Oregon
The University of Colorado
JOHN W. PATON
ROBERT L. PAYTON
ROBERT M. RHODES
The University of Pennsylvania
VERNE A. STADTMAN
The University of California
FREDERIC A. STOTT
Phillips Academy, Andover
FRANK J. TATE
The Ohio State University
CHARLES E. WIDMAYER
DOROTHY F. WILLIAMS
RONALD A. WOLK
The Johns Hopkins University
ELIZABETH BOND WOOD
Sweet Briar College
JOHN A. GROWL
rhe Humanities: Something More
Welty on Faulkner
Eudora Welty was asked to assume the
responsibility for one of the fifteen-min-
ute television programs in the WLBT series
"Our Colleges." She graciously consented
despite a hectic schedule. She chose to
show one aspect of her course on creative
writing at Millsaps, asking two of her most
talented students to join her in a discus-
sion of a William Faulkner story. Thus
were Mississippians treated to a discussion
of one of the state's most famous sons by its
most famous daughter. Presented on these
pages is a transcript of the program. Miss
Welty's comment on the show was that
it demonstrated that "in fifteen minutes
a class like ours hasn't got anywhere."
Perhaps if nothing else it shows what writ-
ers look for and at in the work of other
Miss Welty: Norma Craig, Steve Cannon, and I are part
of the Millsaps course in creative writing, which we
call "The Craft of Fiction." This is a work class;
we meet twice a week; we have seventeen students.
We write stories, read them aloud in class, and
they are subject to criticism and comment from the
other members of the class and from me, the teach-
er. On days on which we don't have a story turned
in, we read one such as "Spotted Horses," by Wil-
liam Faulkner. We try to study other stories, not in
a cold, analytical way, but from the point of view
of writers, seeing what another writer, who really
is up at the top, has done with problems that we
"Spotted Horses" is a part of The Hamlet,
which William Faulkner published in 1940, and it is
most noted for introducing the Snopes family for
the first time to the world, and also Ratliff, of
whom Faulkner was very fond and who he thought
was his character of sanity, an observer, whom he
liked very much.
It is 72 pages long, which is quite long for a
short story. It is set, he said one time, around 1907
or 1908. So, with that background, Steve, could you
give us an idea about the story?
The Humanities: Something More
While the cameras roll
Mr. Cannon: The story begins when Flem Snopes re-
turns to Frenchman's Bend, Mississippi, after an
absence in Texas. The significant thing is that Flem
Snopes brings back about fifteen wild, delirious,
spotted horses, which everyone immediately begins
to suspect that he's going to try to pawn off on the
unsuspecting citizens of Frenchman's Bend, includ-
ing his own relatives who happen to be there. With
him, though, comes a Texan, who Flem Snopes
tries to make everyone believe owns the horses. He
feels that, because of his own unsavory reputation,
they will buy the horses with more trust from the
Texan than they would from him.
The next day after they arrive with the horses
they begin to auction them, and at the end of the
day the Texan has sold all but three of them, and
he gets in his wagon and drives off. The compli-
cations begin in the story when the men who bought
the horses try to get their purchases from the cor-
ral, which seems an easy task if the horses were any
but the spotted horses. The spotted horses end up
running over everyone who tries to touch one of
them. One runs down the road and into a wagon
carrying Mrs. Tull and her husband and destroys
the wagon and knocks the man onto the bridge,
splinters up his face, which causes the TuUs to
bring an action against Eck Snopes, because i
was Eck Snopes' horse that had run into the wa
gon. In court it is revealed that the Texar
had given the horse to Eck Snopes, rather than his
buying it, so Eck Snopes did not actually own the
horse, and Mrs. Tull, who hoped to get some com
pensation of a financial nature from this thing, gets
the horse, which makes her even more furious
about the whole thing.
Mrs. Craig: Especially since the horse is dead — he
broke his neck the night before when they were try-
ing to catch him. So she gets the dead horse.
Miss Welty: And part of that, I think, was Flem's
smartness — there was no record at all of this gift.
Mrs. Craig: In the whole story he's the villain, but he's
never there. I started trying to count the number
of times he spoke — that is, the villain spoke — in
the story, and, you know, he really doesn't speak
but ten sentences in the entire 72 pages.
Miss Welty: He doesn't need to. Do you know that mar-
velous characterization of him — let me see, it's on
Page 378. It's about how Flem never tells his own
business. " 'His own kin will be the last man in the
world to find out anything about Flem Snopes' busi-
" 'No,' the first said. 'He wouldn't even be that.
The first man Flem would tell his business to would
be the man that was left after the last man died.
Flem Snopes don't even tell himself what he is up
to. Not if he was laying in bed with himself in a
empty house in the dark of the moon.' "
This is a marvelously humorous story — it's one
of the funniest stories I have ever read. Don't
you agree, Norma? Steve?
Mr. Cannon: Yes.
Mrs. Craig: You and Steve agree on it, but I really
. . . the pathos of it got to me so badly. It really
didn't seem funny to me. I was about to make a
marvelous generalization, that maybe men would
see the humor in it more than the pathos. As an
example, when Salinger's Catcher in the Rye came
out, the men I knew who read it said, "It's the
funniest story I've ever read." And when I read it
I thought it was the saddest thing I had read, and
I thought, "Well, it's just that there is humor there
and pathos there, and the humor strikes men and
the pathos strikes women."
Vliss Welty: Faulkner, I think, was making the distinc-
tion throughout that the men were the ones who
were captivated by the horses, and paid their last
dime — $5, as it were — to get a horse, when it was
the women, as exemplified by poor Mrs. Armstid,
who had to pay. It was Mrs. Littlejohn in whose
yard all this was happening and who watches the
whole thing as she makes endless trips out to the
yard — take out the washpot, hang out the clothes,
pick up the clothes — between each thing she does,
she looks at the men, and her first word and only
word in the whole thing is, after the man is carried
into her house and put on her bed, having been
trampled by the horses and all the horses have es-
caped and with them everybody's money and the
whole day is absolutely madness and chaos, she
says, "You men!"
On Page 408 she says, " 'I declare. You men.
You all get out of here, V. K.,' she said to Ratliff.
'Go outside. See if you can't find something else
to play with that will kill some more of you.' "
Only in Frenchman's Bend would they, knowing
that they have been cheated, knowing everything
else, knowing they can't catch the horses — it's no
surprise to them, they've been seeing them all day
long — only here would they insist on buying the
horses. These horses have never been under a roof
before, they've never seen fences before, they ex-
plode, they tear all over the place. The men know
they can't catch them, and as Eck says, "I don't
want to pay for nothing I can't catch." But still
they buy them.
Mrs. Craig: He said, "Why buy a horse when I can go
down and get a snapping turtle or a moccasin out
of the creek if I want it?"
Miss Welty: Nobody is fooled by this but they want to
do it, and that's why it's so comic. . . .
Mrs. Craig: And so pitiful. In Mrs. Armstid's case,
when she had saved $5 for months, weaving with
string, old string that she'd saved and other wom-
en had given her, and she had sat up at night
after her children had gone to bed and woven and
made $5 after months and months, and her husband
spends it on this horse. . . .
Miss Welty: It might have bought shoes for the "little
chaps." It meant so much to her that she said she
would know those five dollars if she saw them again.
Mr. Cannon: Faulkner, I think, is very unsympathetic,
especially with Armstid and Flem Snopes and the
others, but there are two men characters that he
is sympathetic with — Ratliff and the Texan. I think
the Texan is really an outsider, especially as shown
when he tried to give Henry Armstid the money
back for the horses.
Miss Welty: That's true, but do you agree that Faulkner
is unsympathetic toward the Armstids?
Mrs. Craig: I think he presents them as sort of trapped
Miss Welty: They were, but I felt that his sympathy
was profound in that case.
Mr. Cannon: I think he was sympathetic with Mrs. Arm-
Miss Welty: Oh, not with Henry, how could he be?
Mr. Cannon: I think he was more sympathetic with
Mrs. Armstid than anyone else in the whole story.
Miss Welty: "Spotted Horses" is an enormous, compli-
cated story, weaving in all those strands, of what's
comic and comic not for its own sake but as a
means of enlightenment, of showing what's happen-
ing, of the pathetic and of the extremely realistic,
all meticulously observed — it's something that only
Faulkner could have done. His great knowledge of
the world he wrote about. . . .
Mrs. Craig: Everything he mentions, from the descrip-
tion of the pear tree in the moonlight, the way the
branches and flowers stood up like a drowned wom-
an's hair. . . .
Miss Welty: The beautiful lyric world. . . .
Mrs. Craig: And to the way a man's thighs look when
he's sitting on a fence post. . . .
Miss Welty: And the marvelous spotted horses them-
selves. . . .
Mrs. Craig: Oh, they sounded ugly to me, terribly ugly,
with pink faces, and wild. He kept describing them
as "bigger than rabbits."
Mr. Cannon: The people who were cynical about the
horses said, "Maybe it's a painted dog. It's really
not a horse at all." They were so small and un-
Mrs. Craig: And the horses ceased to exist at the end.
At the end of the story they're as gone as they were
when the story opened. Nobody has gotten one, and
they've all completely disappeared, and the only
one who has come out on top is Flem Snopes.
Mr. Cannon: He keeps saying, "They weren't none of
Miss Welty: Steve, what do you think is Ratliff 's real
function in the story?
Mr. Cannon: I think that Ratliff is Faulkner in the story.
Ratliff is the voice of sanity. Through his mind or
his consciousness Faulkner shows the cruelty of the
situation to which Mrs. Armstid is subjected, the
Miss Welty: And he can cope with it. As Faulkner said
once about Ratliff, "His digestion is good. He can
cope with anything." And we need a voice like that
in the middle of this world.
Mrs. Craig: Faulkner said that about himself once, too
— that if he could come back he'd like to come as
a buzzard because nobody bothers them and they
can eat anything.
Events of Note
(Continued from Page 3)
member of Junior Classical League.
Pat Amos, Hazlehurst High
School guard and halfback; 5'9, 165
pounds; All Little Dixie squad two
years; Most Valuable Lineman,
1963; co-captain, 1964; honor stu-
dent; plans to major in English.
Timmie Millis, Copiah-Lincoln
guard; 5'11, 195 pounds; All State
Junior College second team; cap-
tain of high school and Co-Lin
teams; vice - president of high
school Student Council; president of
high school Hi-Y.
Gus Rushing, Cleveland High
School center; 5'11, 190 pounds; All
Delta Valley Conference center;
Outstanding Lineman, 1964; captain
of team; president of senior class;
vice-president of National Honor
Society; president of church's youth
council; premed student; brother
of Clift Rushing, '58.
John Hart, Perkinston Junior
College tackle; 6'1, 205 pounds; lieu-
tenant governor of J.E.T.S.; vice-
president, National Honor Council;
Richard Dambrino, Perkinston
Junior College tackle; 6'1, 235
pounds; vice - president, B Club;
treasurer, Safety Council; member,
MYF and Key Club; business ma-
Steve Miles, Perkinston Junior
College quarterback; 5'9, 16 5
pounds; Most Valuable Player,
1962; member, Hi-Y, G Club; busi-
Millsaps students who have been
designated for awards are as follows:
Jimmy Waide, end, 6', 185 pounds;
Tommy Bums, guard, 6', 170 pounds;
Edwin Massey, quarterback, 6', 180
pounds; David Morris, halfback, 5'9,
150 pounds; Tom Rebold, tackle, 6',
190 pounds; Ron Walker, end, 5'11,
170 pounds; Prentiss Bellue, guard,
5'9, 165 pounds; Lynn McMahan,
tackle, 5'9, 190 pounds; Webb Buie,
end, 6', 175 pounds; Tommy McDan-
iel, guard, 5'11, 185 pounds; and Paul
Richardson, end, 6', 180 pounds.
SHIPMAN FOUNDATION SET
Officials have announced the estab-
lishment of the William Sharp Ship-
man Foundation Scholarship Fund for
the assistance of senior ministerial
The scholarship was established by
Austin L. Shipman, a 1921 graduate
of Millsaps, in memory of his father,
who was a dedicated minister in the
Methodist Church for over fifty
Mr. Shipman is Southeastern man-
ager of D. C. Heath and Company,
with headquarters in Atlanta.
The $20,000 x-ray diffraction equip-
ment recently acquired by Millsaps
College, in part through a General
Electric Company proficiency award,
has been dedicated to the memory
of Dr. J. Magruder Sullivan, for
forty-four years a member of the
Some supplementary equipment
for x-ray analysis has been given to
the College by Dr. Sullivan's son, C.
C. Sullivan, '17-'20, of Hattiesburg.
The bronze plaque commemorating
Dr. Sullivan has been placed on the
wall of the basement laboratory in
Sullivan-Harrell Science Hall which
houses the apparatus. Older MiUsaps
former students will identify the site
as Dr. Sullivan's "bone room," where
he processed many of his geological
Dr. Sullivan, who died in 1957, was
one of the founders of the Mississippi
Academy of Science. He and Dr.
George Lott Harrell, professor of
physics and astronomy at Millsaps
for many years, were unanimously
elected the first honorary members
of the Academy in 1951. Sullivan-
Harrell HaU was named in honor of
the two scholars.
Dr. Sullivan was chairman of the
chemistry and geology departments
at Millsaps from 1902 to 1942. He con-
tinued to teach through 1948. He was
recognized as an authority on fossils
in the southeastern United States
and especially of those in the Jack-
son area. Some of his collections are
now housed in Sullivan-Harrell Hall.
Several fossils were named for Dr.
Sullivan and are now in the Smith-
sonian Institute in Washington, D.C.
Dr. R. R. Priddy, chairman of the
Millsaps geology department, said,
"It is appropriate that the equipment
dedicated to Dr. Sullivan is for use
by all sciences because he was inter-
ested in biology, physics, and astron-
omy as well as in his beloved chem-
istry and geology."
The new x-ray equipment permits
rapid identification of an unknown
substance by indicating the intensity
and direction of radiation scattered,
or diffracted, from the substance. The
substance may be either a single
crystal, or a mixture of dissimilar
polycrystalline material. Each sub-
stance scatters the x-rays in its own
unique diffraction pattern, producing
a "fingerpint" of its atomic and
One of the first contributions of the
relatively new x-ray diffraction tech-
nique, MiUsaps scientists say, was
the confirmation of the theory that
solids consist of a regular piUng of
spheres, or atoms, and that the
molecular architecture is governed by
rules of symmetry in a repetitive
"A whole new science of funda-
mental knowledge has sprung from
the early diffraction experiments,"!
states Wendell B. Johnson, assistant'
professor of geology, who is in charge
of the equipment.
Synthesizing of penicillin was one
of the achievements made possible
by x-ray diffraction, Johnson re-
marked. Diffraction and related tech-
niques are being used in almost every
area of scientific inquiry. Among its
uses are the analysis of dusts and
their correlation with industrial
diseases, and the study of effects of
diseases on the structure of tissue
JAPANESE BOOKS RECEIVED
A collection of books on various
aspects of Japanese culture has been
presented to Millsaps by the Japan
Society of New York.
The books, which include a large
folio of photographs of various reg-
ions of Japan and a bilingual volume
on the special form of Japanese
poetry known as haiku, were taken
from the Society's own library.
One of the auns of the Society is
to stimulate interest in Japanese
civilization. Institutions which have
courses in oriental studies or which
have a faculty member who has a
degree in oriental studies are eligible
for cash grants for the purchase of
books. Since Millsaps has neither,
the Society volunteered to send from
its own shelves books of which it
had duplicate copies.
William Baskin, chairman of the
romance languages department and a
member of the Japan Society, said it
was anticipated that the books would
supplement materials for courses in
history, political science, and art.
Professor Charles B. Galloway has
been named regional counselor for
the state of Mississippi by the Amer-
ican Association of Physics Teachers
and the American Institute of
Mr. Galloway was selected for his
competence in physics, interest in
improving physics teaching, and abil-
ity to work effectively in Mississippi
to reach the objectives of the
He wUl work actively with educa-
tional authorities in Mississippi to
improve the quality of high school
physics teaching in the state.
Peggy Atwood, '64, to Merritt E.
Jones, '62. Living in Pasadena, Texas.
Dorothy Virginia Allen to Thomas
Ebb Moore, '58-' 81. Living in Jackson.
Margaret Ann Byrnes to Herbert
Jackson Alleman, '60-'62. Living in
Marianne Ford, '36, to Edwin Sorsby
Sara Terry Hyman, '60-'62, to Wil-
liam Gerald King. Living in Fort
Frances Mills to Dr. Fred Yerger,
'53-'56. Living in Jackson.
Alyce Ann NouUet, '60-'61, to Charles
Richard Gaston. Living in Jackson.
Sue Elizabeth Riddell, '40-'42, to
Edward Randolph White, Jr. Living
Carolyn Cook Shannon, '62, to
James A. Townes, 111. Living in Min-
ter City, Mississippi.
Charlayne Elizabeth Sullivan, '57, to
Jerry Holmes Blount. Living at Uni-
Juanlta Wright, '57, to Edmund
Paul Lafko. Living in Tampa, Florida.
Sara Margaret Yarbrough, '60, to
Robert Carl Wallace. Living in Rich-
(Children listed in this column must
be under one year of age. Please re-
port births promptly to assure pub-
Rebecca Irene Bourne, born Sep-
tember 18 to Mr. and Mrs. J. D.
Bourne (Jewel Taylor, '60), of Hunts-
ville, Alabama. She was welcomed
by Cathy, 2.
Walter A. Clements, III, born Oc-
tober 20 to Mr. and Mrs. Walter A.
Clements, Jr. (Betty Gay Joest, '64),
Derrick Edward Cox, born January
8 to Mr. and Mrs. Edward Cox (Pen-
ny Wofford, '62), of Eau Gallie, Flori-
Sally Eileen Doyle, born August 5
to the Reverend and Mrs. Lloyd Al-
len Doyle, Jr., of Paducah, Kentucky.
Mr. Doyle is a '57 graduate. Sally
Eileen has an older brother.
Kelly Ruth Love, born January 12 to
Dr. and Mrs. Kimble Love (Anne
Hyman), '60 and '57-'58, of Jackson.
She was welcomed by Kimble, Jr.,
5, Keaton, 31/2, and Kerry Anne, IV2.
John Max McDaniel, born to Mr.
and Mrs. Max Harold McDaniel (San-
dra Miller), both '57, of Athens, Geor-
gia, on January 2-5. Harold Edward,
II, 22 months, welcomed his brother.
Dan Anderson Mcintosh, IV, born
December 21 to Mr. and Mrs. Dan
A. Mcintosh, III, of Mendenhall, Mis-
sissippi. Mr. Mcintosh, an attorney,
graduated in 1932.
Carol Ann McKaskel, born to Mr.
and Mrs. Edwin P. McKaskel, of
Belleville, Illinois, on January 28. Mr.
McKaskel graduated in 1959.
Susan Michele McKnight, born Sep-
tember 14 to Mr. and Mrs. William E.
xMcKnight (Sue Roberts), both '60, of
Lloyd Patrick Moreland, Jr., born
to Mr. and Mrs. L. Pat Moreland
(Alice Wells, '63), of Jackson, on De-
Lydia Vonee Neel, born August 1 to
Mr. and Mrs. William S. Neel (Bar-
bara Bowie, '58), of Holly Bluff, Mis-
Rachael Allison Orr, born August
18 to Captain and Mrs. Edwin Reed
Orr (Gay Piper), '57 and '59, of Bent-
water Air Force Base, England.
Helen Frances Poole, born Decem-
ber 28 to the Reverend and Mrs.
Franklin P. Poole (Mary Lewis, '54-
'55), of Alexandria, Louisiana. She
was welcomed by Franklin and Bry-
David Barrett Ridgway, born Oc-
tober 22 to Mr. and Mrs. Ray Ridg-
way (Selma Earnest), '61 and '60, of
Karen Denise Rogers, born to Mr.
and Mrs. William Raymon Rogers, of
Hazlehurst, Mississippi, on February
6. Mr. Rogers graduated in 1948.
Ethan Lee Shaw, born September
13 to Mr. and Mrs. Hugh C. Shaw,
Jr. (Sandy Aldridge, '62), of Neder-
Glynn Allyson Walters, born to Mr.
and Mrs. Jon Walters (Mary Glynn
Lott), '57-'60 and '60, of Lynchburg,
Virginia, on November 29.
David Edward Welch, born on No-
vember 10 to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas
C. Welch (Jo Anne Reagan), '59
and '60, of Dallas, Texas. Thomas An-
drew, 3V2 , greeted his brother.
Laura Alice Wimberly, born Octo-
ber 20 to Mr. and Mrs. John E. Wim-
berly (Clara Smith), '58 and '59, of
Key West, Florida. She was greeted
by John, iy2.
This column is dedicated to the
memory of graduates, former stu-
dents, and friends who have passed
away in recent months. Every effort
has been made to compile an accur-
ate list, but there will be unintention-
al omissions. Your help is solicited in
order that we may make the column
as complete as possible. Those whose
memory we honor are as follows;
H. Harris Brister, '43, who died
February 17. He was a resident of
Eugenia Halbert, '04-'07, who died
January 18 after a short illness. She
lived in Jackson.
Charles C. McCaskill, '49, who died
\ovember 22. He was living in Coral
Jack McDill, '31 - '32, who died
March 20. He lived in Jackson.
The Reverend Arthur A. Martin,
•95-'96, '99-1900, who died March 6
following a long illness. He was liv-
ing in Cleveland, Mississippi.
The Reverend John Cude Rous-
seaux, '08, who was struck by an
automobile on February 13. He lived
in Waveland, Mississippi.
Dr. Roderick S. Russ, '02-'04, who
died February 8. He lived in Biloxi.
A banquet honoring Robert M.
Yarbrough, '16-' 18, who retired as
postmaster at Indianola, Mississippi,
last fall, was held in Jackson in Janu-
ary by the Third District of the Mag-
nolia Chapter of the National Associ-
ation of Postmasters. Mr. Yarbrough,
a former school administrator, has
served as president of the Magnolia
Founders Day speaker on the cam-
pus this year was Dr. Mack B.
Swearingen, '22, who proved to be one
of the most popular chapel speakers
of the year with the students. Dr.
Swearingen recalled personal memo-
ries of Major R. W. Millsaps and de-
fended the non-intellectual student in
telling his audience that almost any
motive for attending college is good
enough because of the exposure one
gets there. Dr. Swearingen is profes-
sor of history at Elmira College in
Elmira, New York. He is the son of
the late Dr. George B. Swearingen, a
member of the first faculty at Mill-
saps, and the brother of Bethany
Swearingen, '25, for a number of
years librarian; and Mrs. 1. C. Enochs
(Crawford Swearingen). Mrs. Swear-
ingen is the former Mary Louise Fos-
Adding movie credits to his list of
accomplishments is William H. Ew-
ing, '27, now editor of the Honolulu
Star-Bulletin. Mr. Ewing will play a
war correspondent in the film "In
Harm's Way," which will star John
Wayne, Kirk Douglas, Burgess Mere-
dith, and Dana Andrews. Mr, Ewing
will add a touch of authenticity — he
actually was a war correspond-
ent with Pacific invasion forces dur-
ing World War II.
Brig. Gen. Robert E. Blount, '28,
has assumed command of William
Beaumont General Hospital in El
Paso, Texas. General and Mrs.
Blount (Alice Ridgway, '29), moved
to El Paso from Washington, D. C,
where General Blount was command-
er of the Army Medical Research and
Development Command in the Office
of the Surgeon General. All three of
the Blounts' children have attended
Millsaps. Robert, '53, is a staff mem-
ber of the Walter Reed Army Insti-
tute of Research.; Richard, '62, is a
junior at the University of Mississippi
Medical School; and Betsy, '62-'64, is
a junior at George Washington Uni-
After 25 years away from the
teaching field, Mrs. R. C. Hearon
(Peggy O'Neal, '28) is now in the
chemistry department at Rancocas
Valley Regional High School in Mt.
Holly, New Jersey. Her husband is
plant engineer at the Burlington, New
Jersey, plant of Hercules Powder
Company. One of her sons is a gradu-
ate student in mechanical engineering
at Mississippi State University and
the other is a liberal arts zoology ma-
jor in his junior year at the Uni-
versity of Maryland.
Former Tennessee Governor Bu-
ford Ellington, '26-'27, '29-'30, has been
named by President Johnson to head
the Office of Emergency Planning.
The OEP is an agency geared to
mobilize the civilian and industrial
populace if the United States should
become engaged in war. A New York
Times story describes Mr. Ellington
as a close friend of President John-
son who "not only sits in on Presi-
dential buU sessions but talks bulls
with Mr. Johnson." Mr. Ellington had
two farms in Tennessee, one of which
he recently sold, along with 250 head
of cattle. The Times story indicated
that many Tennessee political observ-
ers believe he will return to the state
next year to run for governor again.
Prentice-Hall has published two ad-
ditional volumes of the Princeton
Studies, Humanistic Scholarship in
America, a series backed by a grant
from the Ford Foundation. One of
them is Religion, edited by Paul
Ramsey, '35, Harrington Spear Paine
Professor of Religion at Princeton
University. Mrs. Ramsey is the for-
mer Effie Register, '37-'3B.
Hinds Junior College, in Raymond,
Mississippi, wiU elevate Dr. Robert
M. Mayo, '37, to the presidency on
July 1. Dr. Mayo has served as vice-
president of the junior college for the
past five years, coming to Hinds with
a background in Mississippi educa-
tion dating back to 1937. Dr. Mayo
currently serves as president of the
Millsaps Alumni Association. He is
married to the former Lee Cloud and
has three sons.
Claude Passeau, '40, was one of five
former athletes inducted into the
Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame in
February. Mr. Passeau, who wor
twelve letters while at Millsaps, had
a major league pitching record o£
162 victories and 150 losses.
Author &. Journalist, a national
magazine for writers, has been pur-
chased by Larston D. Farrar. '40, who
will move the magazine's offices frorr
Denver to Washington, D. C. The pub-
lication is an information medium foi
writers. Mr. Farrar is the author oi
several books on freelance writini
and a publisher of trade magazines.
The Department of the Army Meri
torious Civilian Service Award has
been presented to William O. Tynes
"41, for work at the Jackson installa-
tion of the U. S. Army Engineer;
Waterways Experiment Station. The
award is the highest commendatioi
which can be bestowed by the Chiet
of Engineers. It was granted specific
ally for his work on the manufacturt
and engineering use of concrete.
One alumnus who is putting her hob
by to work for her is Mrs. Paul Tl
Johnston (Frances Keenan, '43)
whose husband recently completed ;
tour of duty as commanding officei
of the Marine Air Station in Kaneoh<
Bay, Hawaii, and is now stationed ir
El Toro, California. Mrs. Johnson sol(
24 paintings while in Hawaii. Th(
Johnstons have six children betweei
the ages of four and fifteen years.
New executive director of the Mis
sissippi Children's Home Society, pri
vate statewide adoption agency, i
Harry C. Raymond, '43. Mr. Raymont
iias held positions as principal, teach-
;r, and coach, director of Christian
education, and college instructor and
vas director of the Child Care Pro-
gram for the Presbyterian Church in
Vlississippi before accepting his pres-
ent post. He is married to the former
3ara Jane Dewees, '42-'43, and they
lave a daughter, Rita, 13.
Kinchen Williams Exum, '44, has
been elected a Fellow of the Royal
society of Arts. Founded in 1753, the
Society honors those who have made
contributions to the fields of art and
lommerce. Queen Elizabeth is the
matron and Prince Philip is the presi-
dent. Mr. Exum, now a resident of
Chattanooga, is associate editor of the
Chattanooga News-Free Press. His ac-
ivities in civic, social, religious, and
listorical organizations are numer-
ous. He is married to the former
Helen Jane McDonald and they have
A new book entitled Devotions for
foung Teens, by Helen F. Couch and
Sam S. Barefield, '46, has been pub-
lished by Abingdon Press. Mr. Bare-
field is associate director of the De-
partment of Audio-Visual Resources
of the Television, Radio and Film
Commission of the Methodist Church.
Mrs. Barefield is the former Mary
^ell Sells, '46.
Two Jackson banks have announced
promotions for Millsaps alumni. Jack-
son-Hinds promoted Mark Yerger,
'59, to assistant vice-president and
Paul B. King, '50, to assistant cash-
ier. First Federal Savings and Loan
appointed Mrs. Mary Stone Brister,
'42, to assistant secretary of the
bank, promoting her from secretary
to the president. Mr. and Mrs. Yer-
ger (Ann Elizabeth Porter, '59) have
a daughter, Kimberly, and Mr. and
Mrs. King (Ann Alexander, '49-'51)
have a son, Chip, and a daughter,
William M. Prince, Jr., '47-'49, is
the Columbus, Mississippi, represen-
tative of the New Orleans investment
firm Howard, Weil, Labouisse &
Friedrichs. Mrs. Prince (Mary Jane
Calmes, •47-'49) is secretary to the
president of Mississippi State College
for Women. The Princes have five
The new assistant manager of the
Jackson life and health insurance
agency of Mutual of New York is
Bryant Home, Jr., '53, who joined the
agency as a field underwriter in 1953.
Mr. and Mrs. Home (Olive Coker,
'54) have four children.
Mildred Carpenter, '53, will take a
sabbatical leave from her duties with
the Arlington, Virginia, school sys-
tem next year to engage in further
study. Miss Carpenter has had gradu-
ate work at the University of Missis-
sippi and Louisiana State University.
Dr. Dale Russell Dunnihoo, '51-'52
and former member of the faculty,
was installed as a Fellow of the Amer-
ican College of Obstetricians and
Gynecologists early in April, Dr. Dun-
nihoo is a member of the staff of
Wilford Hall USAF Hospital in San
Dr. Roy A. Parker, '55, has been
appointed Louisiana's first director of
radiation control by Governor John
McKeithen. He is heading the Nu-
clear Energy Regulatory Agency,
which conducts inspections and in-
vestigations of all facilities using ra-
dioactive materials in Louisana, and
also heads the state's first radiation
emergency reaction team. He is mar-
ried to the former Laura Joan Todd.
The Field Clinic of Centreville, Mis-
sissippi, has announced the associa-
tion of Dr. Samuel Eugene Field, Jr.,
'55. He will practice general and tho-
racic surgery with the clinic. He is
married to the former Esther Jane
Swartzfager and has a daughter,
President Johnson has appointed
Lowell Jones, '55, a career foreign
service officer, making him vice con-
sul and a secretary in the Diplomatic
Service. He is presently attending the
Foreign Service Institute in Arling-
ton, Virginia, in preparation for his
overseas assignment. Recently em-
ployed by the Veterans Administra-
tion, Mr. Jones is married and cur-
rently resides in Washington, D. C.
Mrs. William Lampkin (Johnnie
Marie SwinduU, '57) received her li-
cense to preach in January of 1964
and is now serving as associate for the
Methodist Church in Tippah County,
Mississippi, serving four churches in
the county. Advancing another step
along the way to full connection, she
became an approved supply pastor of
the North Mississippi Conference last
June. Mr. Lampkin, '60, serves as
pastor of the Ripley Circuit.
The Reverend Charles Johnson, '60,
has been named minister of education
at the First Methodist Church in
Starkville, Mississippi. He and Mrs.
Johnson (Gwen Harwell, '60) and
their two - year - old daughter, Beth,
moved there from Clarksdale, where
they had served for three years.
Frank Allen, Jr., '60, is associated
with the law firm of Woodson, Patti-
shall, and Garner in Washington, D.
C. He is a graduate of Vanderbilt Law
The St. Louis, Missouri, Globe
Democrat has named David C. Mc-
Nair, '56-'59, administrative assistant
in charge of production. Mr. McNair
joined the Globe Democrat in 1962 aft-
er receiving his degree in business
administration from Mississippi State.
Robert McArthur, '60, has been ap-
pointed assistant to the chancellor of
Vanderbilt University for the aca-
demic year 1965-66. He received the
Master of Arts degree from Vander-
bilt in 1964 and is presently engaged
in dissertation research for the Doc-
tor of Philosophy degree.
The Reverend Richard Franklin
Milwee, '60, was ordained to the
Sacred Order of Priests on January
18 at Trinity Cathedral in Little Rock,
Arkansas. He serves as pastor of St.
Matthew's Episcopal Church in Ben-
Jon Walters, '57-'60, is serving as
director of the ministry of music at
Centenary Methodist Church in
Lynchburg, Virginia. He graduated
from Westminister Choir College last
May. Mrs. Walters is the former
Mary Glynn Lott, '60. Also in the field
of church music, the Reverend
Franklin Poole is minister of music
and Mrs. P«ole (Mary Lewis, '54-'55)
is organist at the First Methodist
Church in Alexandria, Louisiana.
Both couples have announcements in
Cal Bullock, Jr., '63, entered the
University of Tennessee College of
Dentistry in January and reports that
he had little difficulty in adjusting
to the accelerated course, which re-
quires eight hours of lectures and
labs every day. He has been elected
itreasurer of his class.
Jackson, Miss. 39210
THE PUZXLE IS...
Plan now to attend
May 15, 1965
On The Agenda:
• Through-the-line lunch
• Whitworth and Grenada Re-
• Athletic Events
• Faculty Symposium
President Graves to speak on
"The State of the College"
• The Millsaps Players' produc-
tion of "Mr. Roberts"
• Results of Alumni Association
• The pleasure of seeing old
friends among the alumni and
Examination of an Image
That "Hard" School: MiUsaps College
millsaps college alumni magazine
MERGED INSTITUTIONS: Grenada
College, Whitworth College, Millsaps
MEMBER: American Alumni Council,
American College Public Relations As-
3 Events of Note
4 Examination of an Image
15 In Memoriam
16 Future Alumni
From this Day
17 Major Miscellany
Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson,
Mississippi. Entered as second class matter on Oc-
tober 15, 1959, at the Post Office in Jackson, Mis-
sissippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912.
Shirley CaldweU, '56, Editor
James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni
Bill Horrell, '69, Photographer
By Dr. Benjamin B. Graves
I welcome the opportunity to discuss with Millsaps alumni and ]
with our other publics the question of adnnissions standards at the
College. From comments and inquiries received in the course of
the last few months, I am convinced that this is an area in which
there is a great deal of confusion, exaggeration, and misunder-
standing. It is also an area of immense importance to the future
of this college, the state, and the nation.
Many parents, prospective students, teachers and counselors
apparently have the impression that Millsaps is an institution with
unreasonable, if not impossible, standards. When one really looks
at the facts in the situation, this impression is simply not borne
out. The basic reason for this confusion is simple. People are com-
paring the Millsaps requirements with those prevailing in this area
of the South, where unfortunately the standards are quite low.
Let me illustrate. Most of the higher educational institutions
in Mississippi are now using the American College Test for admis-
sions purposes. This test was developed at the University of Iowa
and, over many years of experience, has proven to be a significant
predictor of success in a particular college environment. At Mill-
saps, for example, our research has shown that two out of every
three students who score 20 or above on this test successfully com-
plete Millsaps' degree requirements. On the other hand, two of three
who score below 17 do not. It becomes axiomatic, therefore, that a
college must seek an ability profile in its student body which approxi-
mates the desired level of instruction. The following table, based
on data compiled in 1964, will serve to illustrate the nature of the
AMERICAN COLLEGE TEST SCORES — 1964
Average score among college-
bound high school seniors
across the nation
Average score among college-
bound seniors in White high
schools in Mississippi
Average score among college-
bound seniors in Negro high
schools in Mississippi
Generally established minimum
scores for admission to: *
(Mississippi residents) 15
Junior Colleges (White) 12
Negro State Colleges
(Missisi-ippi residents) 8
• Colleges and universities examine a number of factors in each case, such as
high school grades, references, maturity, character and achievements, and there
ara some exceptions to these general requirements.
Observing the above table, you will note that the Millsaps ad-
missions minimum is set at the average score attained by 103,000
college-bound seniors tested in 1984. The logic behind our establish-
ment of this standard is that we are seeking average to above-
average students and preparing them to assume leadership and
professional positions in a nation, not on a separate island. In the
better high schools in Mississippi, approximately half of the stu-
dents will qualify for admission to Millsaps College. On the other
hand, less than 3% of the Negro students can meet our qualifications
at this time. Without these standards, a degree at Millsaps would
lose much of the prestige it now carries. Let us never forget that
there is a difference between a degree and an education, and this is
especially true in Mississippi at this point in history.
We need the assistance of our alumni, parents, students, teach-*
ers, ministers, and friends of the College in trying to put this ques-
tion of admissions requirements into proper perspective.
Events of Note
CLASS of '65 GRADUATES
God has turned the responsibility
for this world over to man, Dr. Carl
Michalson told this year's graduates
at the Baccalaureate service on May
30. Later in the day John T. Kimball
told them that their challenge is to
maintain their individual sense of
purpose and value. And one hundred
seventy seniors entered new phases
of their lives.
Dr. Michalson, who is Andrew V.
Stout Professor of Systematic Theolo-
gy at Drew University, stated that the
one sin in the modern world is de-
fault from one's responsibility to the
world. He charged the graduates to
continue to join knowledge and vital pi-
ety so that piety might help knowledge
to be more responsible.
Mr. Kimball, a 1934 graduate of
Millsaps, said, "The characteristics
of individuality — ^creative leadership,
a sense of personal resjronsibility — are
the best beginnings you could have for
real achievement, satisfaction and
contribution in whatever field you
SENIORS RANK HIGH
Almost all Millsaps seniors are re-
quired to take Graduate Record
Exams in their major fields, and the
records indicate that the students did
very well this year.
Scores of Millsaps seniors on the
advanced section of the GRE ranked
in the 62nd percentile nationally. Of
the 112 who took the GRE, eighteen
ranked in the 90th percentile or above
among college seniors throughout the
Officials pointed out that, while all
Millsaps seniors majoring in one of
fifteen departments take the GRE
whether or not they plan to attend
graduate school, at most colleges and
universities only graduate school can-
didates take the exam. Thus, the of-
ficials say, the ranking of the Mill-
saps students who took the exam
compares very favorably with scores
at other schools, where the intellectu-
ally elite represented the institutions.
The 1965 overall average precentile
ranking of 62.15 is the second highest
since Millsaps began the use of the
Graduate Record Exam. The record
high was in 1957-58, when Millsaps
students averaged in the 63.6 percen-
tile. All averages since that time have
been above the ^Oth percentile.
WELTY TO CONTINUE HERE
Eudora Welty will continue to serve
as Writer-in-Residence at Millsaps
College through the fall semester of
Miss Welty, Mississippi's foremost
literary figure, served her first year-
long residency at Millsaps this year.
She teaches a semi-weekly course
on the art of fiction, in which she en-
courages the students to write and
helps them to determine the charac-
teristics of good writing. Work of the
class itself and of established writers
is discussed and criticized.
As Writer-in-Residence she has pre-
sented a public lecture on "The South-
ern Writer Today" and a reading from
a novel in progress.
In a recent article by the Southern
Regional Education Board she was
quoted as saying, "I find the academic
atmosphere not stifling but intensely
Samuel G. Cole has been appointed
to the position of admissions counselor
in the Admissions Office.
Mr. Cole is working under the di-
rection of Paul D. Hardin, registrar
and director of admissions, in the
areas of student recruitment and ad-
missions counseling. Mr. Hardin said
admissions to date this year show a
27% increase over those of last year
at the same time.
Mr. Cole, a 1964 graduate of Mill-
saps, was manager of the communica-
tions department of the Jackson Cham-
ber of Commerce at the time of his
appointment. He was one of eight
young men across the nation chosen
to participate in the first management-
trainee program of the Chamber of
Commerce of the United States in 1963.
RABB ELECTED PRESIDENT
The ballot-by-mail election for Alum-
ni Association officers has resulted in
the naming of Lawrence Rabb, '42,
of Meridian, to serve as president next
year. He assumed his duties on July 1,
succeeding Dr. Robert Mayo, of Ray-
Other officers elected were John
Awad, '56, Jackson, Dr. William E.
Riecken, '52, Kosciusko, Mississippi,
and Dr. Jesse L. Wofford, '43, Jack-
son, vice-presidents; and Miss Carolyn
Bufkin, '47, Jackson, secretary.
Some 1,100 ballots were returned in
Several ballots were returned late
with the notation that they had not
been received until the date they were
due back at Millsaps. It should be
noted that the Alumni Office mailed
the ballots a full two weeks prior to
COLLEGE HOLDS CONFERENCE
Twenty-nine geology teachers from
seventeen states and three Canadian
provinces were chosen to participate
in a National Science Foundation-Mill-
saps College summer conference on
the geology of the Mississippi Sound.
The twenty-day conference, held in
June, was conducted from the Gulf
Coast Research Laboratory in Ocean
Springs, Mississippi. It was directed
by Dr. Richard R. Priddy, chairman
of the Millsaps geology department.
Participants were chosen on the bas-
is of their ability to benefit from a
coastal study. Those who had no pre-
vious coastal experience were favored.
About half of the conference time
was spent afloat or on the barrier is-
lands, sampling the various kinds of
bottoms, the overlying waters, and
the materials which comprise the bar-
rier islands. The waters and sediments
collected were studied in the teaching
laboratories of the Research Labora-
Other interesting features of the
study included trips in the Sound on the
laboratory workboat Hermes, a voy-
age into the Gulf of Mexico, collecting
trips by skiffs up the deep water bay-
ous, a trip to the Chandeleur Islands
some thirty-five miles south of Gulf-
port, jet drilling of modern and an-
cient beaches to determine their struc-
ture, and a bus trip to Dauphin Island
barrier off Mobile Bay. There was also
a 500-mile flight over the Mississippi
(Continued on Page 14)
of an Image
has gotten out,
that Millsaps is
a school which is
hard to get into
and even harder
to get out of ... .
I honestly believe
this is an
That "Hard" School: Millsaps
College / By Shirley Caldwell
Many years ago when I was in high school a friend
and I were discussing possible college choices. Millsaps
was mentioned, and I expected my friend, a Methodist,
to jump at the chance to persuade me, a Baptist, to con-
sider this school. She did not.
"I wouldn't go to Millsaps for anything," she stated
emphatically. "It's too hard."
I didn't know much about Millsaps, but this struck
me as a rather ridiculous statement. She was in the top
ten in her class. How could she think that Millsaps would
be too hard for her? It was a home-grown institution;
why should we be afraid of it?
Later, when I had definitely decided on Millsaps, I
chanced to mention my choice to another friend. "Have
you sent in your application?" she asked. "Millsaps is
a very difficult college to get into."
I surely expected no trouble in being admitted. I, too,
was in the top ten in my class of 150 or so. Why the
Through the years the allusions to the "hardness" of
Millsaps have persisted. The most casual of conversations
have elicited such comments as "I hear it's a very
Last January when President Graves came to the
campus to meet the student body, he said to the students
in a chapel address, "The word has gotten out, apparent-
ly, that Millsaps is a school which is hard to get into
and even harder to get out of. I have looked at the rec-
ords and talked to a great many people, and I honestly
believe this is an exaggerated idea."
He continued, "The standards here are reasonably
high. By comparison, though, they are somewhat lower
than some of the best national schools. In fact, I would
label them moderate. We should quit apologizing for and
criticizing these standards and be proud of the fact that
at least some institutions in this area are trying to give
you a nationally competitive education."
But the reputation does exist.
Well, then, how does this reputation affect Millsaps?
Does it attract or repel students? Does it encourage
foundation support? Does it help to get the kinds of stu-
dents Millsaps wants? Are we missing many good stu-
dents who 'are frightened away? If, as President Graves
says, the rumor is exaggerated, how do we correct the
image? Or do we want to?
It is true that Millsaps has the highest admisisons
standards in the state. Last year the mean ACT score
of freshmen students was 24.2. The College prefers to
have 20 as the minimum score on the ACT. Last year
a few students were accepted who scored 17, 18, or 19,
but Admissions Director Paul Hardin said those students
demonstrated unusually high motivation in their high
For this information to be meaningful we must have
a basis for comparsion, and President Graves provides
that material in his column on Page 2. He stated that a
perfect score is 36, that the average score among col-
lege-bound seniors across the nation is 20, that the average
score among college-bound seniors in White high schools
in Mississippi is 18. The generally established minimum
score for state universities is 15, while at Millsaps it is
It should be recognized that high admissions standards
is not the only thing which affects the Millsaps enroll-
ment picture. There is also the fact that Millsaps' tuition
and fees charges are the highest in this low-income state.
Officials have repeatedly stated that money will be made
available through scholarships or loan funds to those
who sincerely need it, but it is often easier to attend a
less expensive school.
Admissions is not the only area in which the "hard"
idea scares the student. One professor stated that he
thought a large number of Millsaps students who trans-
ferred to other schools did so to avoid facing compre-
hensive examinations — "which is ridiculous," he says.
"Any student who can pass the subject matter at Mill-
saps can pass the comprehensive. They're just not that
bard. Even failure doesn't mean the end. They can be
Be that as it may, practically from the first day the
freshman sets foot on the campus he begins to dread
the comprehensives — not even a logical fear since he
doesn't even know what it's all about. It's a kind of con-
tagion. The upperclassmen seem to be unable to rest
until they instill the Fear of the Comprehensive in those
green little freshmen who just don't know what life holds
Many of the students will tell you that the thing that's
hard about Millsaps is the "busy" work — the outside
reading, the research papers, the short papers, the proj-
ects, the reports. What they seem to forget is that these
are teaching tools, too — more effective, often, than a
whole series of classroom lectures at which attention
It seems fairly logical that there is less likely to be
a rush on a school which is demanding. There are only
so many students who are mature enough at 17 or 18 to
realize that life is going to be what they make it, only
a certain percentage who can face up to the fear of fail-
ure in a success-oriented world (the implication should
not be that these few would automatically choose Mill-
saps). While this fact may make for a quality student
body, the quantity of those students may be small. And
here the economic factor begins to enter in. A school's
operation is based on a projected number of students.
If that number fails to materialize, trouble is almost
Surely, friends say, the foundations will support in-
stitutions which cater to quality. And they do look more
favorably at schools which are under constant self-cri-
ticism, which constantly work to improve themselves.
Millsaps is such a school, but money has not poured in
from the foundations. Nor is it our purpose here to in-
vestigate the reasons for this.
Then there's always the ever-present and now often
maligned subject of image. Does Millsaps want to sus-
tain, or even increase, her image as a school which de-
mands hard work of her students? Or does she wish to
minimize this reputation in order to attract more stu-
dents? If this aspect of the image is taken away, what
is to replace it, since it is the chief ingredient of the
image? A play school? A party school? A football school?
It is no doubt most accurate to say that Millsaps simply
wishes to achieve an honest image, one which is not
exaggerated about the demands, the hardness, even the
excellence. But reputations are nebulous, elusive things.
If a change is attempted, who knows what form or di-
rection ours might take?
of an Image
A "Hard" Reputatior
Excellence is never achieved
without difficulty / By Frank Laney
When I first came to Millsaps College some twelve
years ago, I was told that the school had a reputation
for being "difficult" or "hard." I confess that I took
this information with a grain of salt. Every college that
I have known likes to think of itself as being an institu-
tion which requires sonnething more than the average
of its students. Such an opinion is good for the ego of the
college community — for faculty and students alike.
Everyone likes to be associated with something good,
and apparently in the academic world difficulty is usually
equated with excellence.
That difficulty and excellence are not always the same
thing each of us knows, of course, when he stops to think
about it. I have known teachers (fortunately, not at
Millsaps) who have worked their students extremely
hard and have taught them very little. There is one whom
I call to mind now who keeps his students so involved
with "busy work" that they have little time for their
other courses, yet at the end of the term the students
have gained at best only a few facts that might readily
have been acquired by reading one or two textbooks at
a considerable saving in time and labor. I know some
other teachers who require a great deal from their stu-
dents but who in turn give even more by sharing their
accumulated knowledge, their insights and their enthu-
siasm. We have some teachers like this at Millsaps;
we could use more.
Whether or not Millsaps is truly difficult, and whether
or not that difficulty, if it exists, is really related to
excellence, I have learned in my years at the College
that a general opinion does indeed persist throughout
the state that this is a "hard" school. I have heard it
from prospective students and their parents; I have
heard it from high school principals and counselors, I
have heard it from our own students. A study which was
made a year or so ago of the causes for drop-outs from
our student body revealed a surprisingly large number
of persons who stated that they transferred to other
schools because they could make the same or even bet-
ter grades with less effort elsewhere. The opinion of
these students may not be correct, but there is no rea-
son to doubt the honesty of the opinion.
I am not in the slightest degree troubled by this general
reputation for difficulty. I know of no alumnus, faculty
member, or administrator who is troubled by it, either.
If it frightens off a few students who are seeking an easy
way to a college degree, who are not concerned with
the substance of their education, that is unfortunate for
them but not for the College. What ought to be of con-
stant concern to all of us, in whatever relationship we
stand to the College, is the question I have suggested
earlier: Is Millsaps truly difficult, and is that difficulty
intrinsically related to the quality of the work which we
If we can agree that difficulty and excellence are not
always synonymous, I hope we can also agree that true
Dr. Frank M. Laney, Dean of the Faculty, says dif-
ficulty is usually equated with excellence.
"low does It affect us?
1. The Dean: Excellence is our concern
2. The Admissions Director We miss good students
3. A Professor Millsaps is not that hard
4. A Student: It should be harder
excellence is never achieved without difficulty. This is
true, I believe, in every area of human life and activity.
Excellence in the creative arts of writing, painting, com-
posing, etc., comes only with diligent labor, study, and
often agony. The true scientist must discipline himself
constantly and must check his experiments endlessly
before he solves a problem or announces a new theory.
The athlete does not excel unless he is willing to sacri-
fice time and pleasures which others will not give up.
The business and professional man can never stop his
study and labor if he expects to keep abreast of his field.
Even a man's religious faith, If it is strong and deep,
comes only as he is willing to struggle for it.
Our real concern, then, at MUlsaps ought to be with
the excellence of our work. If we are indeed excellent.
Director of Admissions Paul Hardin says prospects
are frightened by Millsaps' high academic standards.
or if we sincerely strive for excellence, I expect that we
will continue to be considered "hard." I also predict
that this kind of "hardness" will attract and bind to our
college the men and women who will furnish in the fu-
ture, as they have so often suppUed in the past, real
leadership amid the difficulties of our human existence.
It seems to me that the often-quoted words of George
Washington at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 may
be applied appropriately to this very different situation:
"Let us raise a standard to which the wise and honest
can repair. The event is in the hands of God."
The reputation is an asset
and a Uability / By Paul Hardin
Ironic as it may seem, I believe that our greatest asset
in attracting students to Millsaps College may too often
prove to be our greatest liability.
Included in the Application for Admission form which
each applicant completes upon applying to Millsaps Col-
lege is a question: What features at Millsaps most in-
fluenced you to want to come here? The most common
response to this question is "its high academic stand-
ards." While we in the Admissions Office are pleased and
somewhat flattered to receive such an endorsement of our
college, we realize that their are certain inherent dis-
advantages to having such a reputation. It is concerning
the possible disadvantage of being considered "a school
with unusually high standards" or "a school that is dif-
ficult to get into and almost impossible to graduate from"
that I would like to base some remarks.
Many capable high school seniors are discouraged
from applying to Millsaps College because they have
heard of our high standards and, more specifically, of
our course requirennents and comprehensive examina-
tions. They have even been told of. certain able students
who have met with disastrous academic difficulties. It
is true, of course, that they have not been informed
properly of the circumstances; nevertheless, they are
willing to believe unquestioningly what they have heard.
It is one of the objectives of the Admissions Office to
acquaint the high school students of our area with exact
and more specific information concerning the entrance
requirements to Millsaps College. While it is agreed
that, compared to admission standards of other institu-
of an Image
tions of our area, our requirements may appear to be
somewhat exacting, there is no reason that any con-
scientious student who has average ability would not be
able to perform successfully at Millsaps College. We at
the College have made this statement repeatedly, and
we shall make every effort to acquaint the high school
student of our constituency with this fact.
The College would welcome more applications from
high school students who are honestly in doubt as to
whether or not they nnight qualify. It might appear that
of the applications submitted there are too few border-
line cases that are forwarded to the Admissions Office for
the purpose of careful evaluation by the Admissions
Committee. The Committee would welcome more appli-
cations of this nature, and we believe that many students
who consider themselves unqualified would discover that
their academic records meet our standards.
The Admissions Committee, rather than being selective,
seeks to determine those applicants whom we can ap-
prove as "assured" admissions. In making our decisions
we endeavor to determine which applicants we feel can
be assured of academic success after they reach Millsaps
As Director of Admissions, I believe that many high
school students are, unfortunately, discouraged from en-
rolling at Millsaps College "because of its high academic
standards," the very reason that most students choose
to come here.
Millsaps is a quality college
but not that hard / By Dr. R. E. Moo
An academic who had reason to know told me many
years ago that Millsaps was one of the five best liberal
arts colleges in the South. I have come to know firsthand
that Millsaps offers a distinctive program of quality
education. This is a source of pride to its graduates but is
a roadblock to others who would like to attend MiUsaps
but do not enroll for fear of failure. Millsaps is not all
To say that Millsaps is a quality college and, at the
same time, to say it is not all that hard seems to be a
contradiction. Perhaps we had better define some terms.
Quality simply means excellence. How can we support
our claim to excellence? A large percentage of our gradu-
ates go to graduate school, many on scholarships and
assistantships, and almost without exception they are
successful. The professions are loaded with Millsaps
graduates. Of course, many do not go to graduate school,
but positions of responsibility in business and positions of
leadership in community affairs the length and breadth
of this state are filled with Millsaps graduates. Our claim
to excellence is based on Millsaps products, and by no
means were all of them "A" or "B" students.
In saying that Millsaps is not all that hard, we mean
that any applicant who is accepted as a regular student
by the College can succeed and graduate. In order to
be accepted an applicant must, as a rule, make a score
of 20 on the American College Test. On the basis
of experience, we know that a student who scores 20
can be successful in our academic program.
At least two assumptions underlie the foregoing state-
ment. In order to succeed, the student must be properly
motivated. Students who choose Millsaps usually are
highly motivated, for they know the College's reputa-
tion for excellence. Students must also know how and be
willing to organize their time and habits and to discipline
themselves. Some freshmen find themselves in academic
difficulties before they wake up to the fact that they are
under less strict supervision than heretofore, that they
must make their own decisions about when and where
and how much to study. The ability to make decisions
is a vital part of education.
How, then, did Millsaps earn the reputation that scares
away many perfectly competent students? Millsaps stu-
dents themselves may be partly responsible. They are
proud of their college — justly so — and doubtless "tell
it a little scary" around the old home town, especially
when comparing notes with students of other colleges.
And we have students, a few, who think every college
is a party college. We want our students to have fun,
and they do, but we also expect them to work and to at-
tend classes. Students who come for an extended party
don't last long and they spread the word that Millsaps is
jusit too tough.
The comprehensive examination in the major field of
study is an over-rated bug-bear to some students. We
have a number of students who attend Millsaps for two
years, then transfer to avoid the senior comprehensive.
The simple fact is that rarely does a student fail his
comprehensive. If he does, he may take it again. Stu-
dents moan and groan about the comprehensive but al-
most all pass it. And when they face oral and written
examinations in graduate school, they are thankful they
have had the experience in their undergraduate program.
Finally, to say that Millsiaps is not all that hard is not
to say it is aU that easy. Who wants a watered-down pro-
gram unworthy to be called education? We have no in-
tention of giving degrees to ignoramuses. Education is
our business and quality education at that. But educa-
tion is not confined to the classroom. Millsaps has a full
complement of co-curricular activities, and very nearly
all students participate in some kind of extra-classroom
activity. Even grill time may be an educational exper-
ience, and there are not many vacant chairs during free
There are a number of identifiable factors which con-
tribute to a quality program and, at the same time,
make it not all that hard.
To Millsaps professors, classroom teaching takes pre-
cedence over everything else. The college has no policy
of "publish or perish." Professors may publish or en-
gage in research but, whether they do or not, teaching
comes first. Consequently, the quality of instruction is
high and students are the beneficiaries.
Academic freedom is a requisite of quality instruction.
Pursuit of truth, however it may be defined, is taken
for granted by Millsaps teachers and students.
Again, Millsaps classes tend to be small. Professors
do not so much teach biology or French or philosophy
as they teach human beings. They deal with students as
human beings, as individual human beings, not as num-
bers on an IBM card.
This faculty-student relationship carries over outside
the classroom. Last semester I invited a student who had
done miserably at a large university but was succeeding
at Millsaps to join me in the grill for a cup of coffee. It
came out that he had never spoken to a professor at his
former school, in or out of the classroom.
When Millsaps professors are not meeting classes or
attending committee meetings or making speeches or
doing countless other things, they are in their offices
and their doors are always open. Students drop in for
individual help if they are having difficulty with their
courses, or it may be they just want a sympathetic ear
to problems relating to their love lives. My colleagues
and I may not have much advice to offer in the latter
sphere, but we are good listeners.
These are the ingredients which makes Millsaps a
quality college, yet not all that hard.
Dr. R. E. Moore, Chairman of the Education Depart-
ment, says that quality education is the business of Mill-
of an Image
Millsaps must compete on the
national level / By Mac Heard
Anyone who attempts to consider the question "Is
Millsaps hard?" should have a number of qualifications
which I do not have. For a broad perspective, he should
have attended a number of colleges of various kinds and
keenly observed their academic demands. For a broad
conception of what Millsaps requires of its students, he
should be thoroughly familiar with a variety of courses
in each of the school's twenty departments of instruc-
tion. And he should be an expert on educational meth-
ods in general.
I do not qualify. But with the idealistic naivete char-
acteristic of the new graduate, I shall set down my opin-
ions just as if they were worth reading, trying to sup-
plement my own knowledge with facts, ideas, and hear-
say picked up from reading and from more knowledge-
able and experienced friends.
Seen from a rather limited regional perspective, Mill-
saps is hard. I have been told by a number of people in a
position to know that the demands made on the Millsaps
students are, on the average, greater than those made
on students in other Mississippi schools. This is a broad
generalization and is subject to the limitations of generali-
zation. I am certain, for instance, that individual depart-
ments in other Mississippi schools equal and surpass the
corresponding department at Millsaps in the demands
placed on students. Nevertheless, the consensus among
those I've talked to who have attended both Millsaps
and another school in the state remains that the typical
or average Millsaps student works harder.
For instance, the student would be indeed rare who
could breeze through four years of courses at Millsaps
without considerable study and expect to pass his com-
prehensive examination and graduate. So-called "crip"
courses are not common. Professors generally expect a
reasonable knowledge of the material of a course for a
grade of C and an above-average performance for a B.
A's, in many cases, indicate a distinguished accomplish-
Again, this is not to say that easy B's and "crip"
courses are common in other schools in Mississippi. It
is merely to say that their occurrence is probably more
infrequent at Millsaps than elsewhere.
From a regional point of view, then, perhaps we may
call Millsaps hard. Increasingly, however, the importance
of a broader perspective than the regional one is becom-
As a small, private school, Millsaps is in automatic
competition with other similar schools throughout the
country. Such schools, unaided by state funds and of
limited size, cannot expect to compete with large uni-
versities in such matters as breadth of course offerings,
graduate programs, and in any number of areas where
bigness determines success. The small college, if it is
to be worthwhile or even to survive, must perform a
function for which its size and nature make it peculiarly
suited; it must do something that it can do better than
any other kind of school. This function, it seems to me,
is to offer unqualified excellence in the teaching of the
A number of small schools around the country have
established national reputations based on such excellence.
This, I beUeve, is the more proper perspective from
which to consider whether or not Millsaps is hard. Does
Millsaps create in its students the kind of curiosity and
drive for learning requisite to a truly liberating educa-
tion, and does it provide the student the atmosphere for
hard self-directed study? This is the way a school should
be hard — in motivating students to hard work. In this
respect I think Millsaps is not hard enough.
Too often college is little more than a four-year obstacle
course at the end of which lie a diploma and a statistical
opportunity to make more money. Making the school
harder should not necessarily mean increasing the ob-
stacles, making longer assignments, giving fewer A's.
Rather it should mean making the student want to work
independently, not to satisfy course requirements but to
learn. This kind of hardness is the excellence which, it
seems to me, Millsaps must pursue.
Such excellence requires, first, a student of high cali-
ber, a student capable of responding to the challenge
of excellence. But the challenge itself, along with the
inspiration and proper atmosphere for education, must
come from a dedicated, imaginative, and necessarily
Success in achieving excellence — and Millsaps has
seen some success — should breed success. Rising na-
tional prestige would mean that better students would
be attracted, that more money would be available from
such sources as large education-conscious foundations,
and, in turn, that continually rising quality in faculty
and facilities may be offered.
Is Millsaps hard? Perhaps. But it should be harder,
and it should be proud to be harder.
'Too often college is
little more than
a four-year obstacle course
at the end of which
lie a diploma and a
to make more money."
Mac Heard, a 1965 graduate who was one of the top
members of his class, says college should motivate stu-
of an Image
"Some freshmen find themselves
in academic difficulties
before they wake up to the fact
that they are under
less strict supervision than heretofore,
that they must make their own decisions
about when and where and how much to study.
The ability to make decisions
is a vital part of education."
Events of Note
(Continued from Page 3)
Sound and over the delta of the Mis-
sissippi River to review the features
observed ashore and afloat.
GRANT SUPPORTS PROJECT
An $11,015 grant in support of the
oral history project has been received
from the Field Foundation.
The project, which was described
by Dr. Gordon Henderson in the Win-
ter, 1964, issue of Major Notes, in-
volves the recording of interviews of
prominent Mississippians concerning
important events in which they have
participated. The interviews will be
taped for inclusion in an oral history
The preparation of the oral history
of contemporary Mississippi life and
viewpoints is under the direction of
Dr. Henderson, who is chairman of the
political science department.
Dr. Henderson said the project rep-
resents research in an area in which
little has been done. He said that the
interviews will cover many phases of
contemporary Mississippi life.
Transcripts will be made of the
tapes and will be available to any per-
son who has a legitimate interest in
the subject. Dr. Henderson said that
he hoped the history would be used
in many of the classrooms of the state.
In making the grant for the Field
Foundation, Maxwell Hahn, executive
vice-president, said, "Our officers and
directors feel that this project has in-
teresting pKJSsibilities and we are hap-
py to cooperate with Millsaps in this
SCIENCES SERVE COMMUNITY
Three community service projects
were announced by the Science Di-
vision this spring:
(1) A course in modem basic micro-
scopic technique was offered by the
biology department early in May. The
two-week, three-nights-a-week course
was open to anyone desiring to take
it, for college credit or non-credit.
(2) A short course in modern instru-
mental techniques attracted industrial-
ists throughout the state. Envisioned
as principally an aid to industry, the
course was designed to help scientists
and technicians brush up on modem
(3) An in-service institute in chem-
istry for secondary school teachers will
be offered next fall under the auspices
of the National Science Foundation.
It is designed to give high school chem-
istry teachers the necessary back-
ground for the newly adopted CHEM
Study approach to the study and teach-
ing of chemistry. Classes will meet
on Saturdays throughout the academic
year and can earn participants six
hours of credit in chemistry at Mill-
ENGEL GIVES COLLECTION
A wish to provide current and fu-
ture generations of Mississippians with
the musical reference source which
was lacking when he was a child has
led composer - conductor - author Leh-
man Engel to contribute a large por-
tion of his personal collection to the
The collection contains the original
manuscripts of some of his own com-
positions as well as of other compos-
ers, framed autographs, personal cor-
respondence between Mr. Engel and
other famous personalities, letters
from celebrated composers, documents
signed by historical characters, books
and phonograph records.
The collection is housed in the Fac-
ulty Lx)unge of the Millsaps-Wilson Li-
brary. Mr. Engel has said that he
will continue to add to the collection
through the years. Upon his death all
of his books, music, and manuscripts
will go to the Library.
Mr. Engel, a Jacksonian who has
achieved great success as a composer
and as a conductor, recently received
the Bellamann Foundation Award. He
has been connected with such Broad-
way hits as "What Makes Sammy
Run?" and "Bajour." He is president
of Arrow Music Press, a publishing
company which was founded by Mr.
Engel, Aaron Copland, Virgil Thomp-
son, and Marc Blitzstein. The firm no
longer publishes but is connected with
the British concern Boosey and Hawk-
es, which distributes Arrow's music.
Among the items in the collection
are photostatic reproductions of all the
music of the late Charles Ives, a com-
poser who has become recognized as
very original and distinctly American.
Mr. Ives, a wealthy stockbroker whc
lived in semi - seclusion, let Arrow
publish his music at his own expense.
The revenue from his music, Mr. Ives
stipulated, was to be used to publish
the work of poor composers. One of
the letters in the collection is one
from Ives to Engel which has beer
published many times.
The collection contains letters writ-
ten by Wagner, Verdi, Offenbach,
Brahms, Strauss, and other compKJS-
ers, and documents signed by such
personages as Frederick the Great,
Louis XIV, and Alexandre Dumas.
There are letters to Mr. Engel from
personalities ranging from Gershwin
through most of the living composers,
from producers, actors, writers, and
There are some 300 vintage phono-
graph records in the current collection.
Mr. Engel estimates that his final
collection will contain from 3,000 to
5,000 record albums which will include
music of every variety.
The books contributed range from
technical volumes on music and the
theatre to novels and poetry. There
are at least 50 books autographed by
Also included are Arrow publica-
tions, which Mr. Engel says are hard
to come by now.
Mr. Engel is currently engaged in
writing a book which will be a serious
analysis of musical theatre from his
point of view as both composer and
conductor. He is also the author of
Planning and Producing a Broadway
Show and other books. He has com-
posed incidental music for a number of
plays, including "A Streetcar Named
Desire," "Macbeth," and "Hamlet."
He considers his most exciting proj-
ect two workshops in which he teach-
es professional composers and lyric
writers to adapt their work for the
On the sports scene, Basketball
Coach James A. Montgomery is be-
ginning to announce the recipients oi
Diamond Anniversary Scholarships ir
Named at press time were the fol
— Don Shoemake, Jackson Centra!
Lehman Engel, center, looks over
one of his compositions with his cousin,
Mrs. Harold Gotthelf, and President
Benjamin B. Graves. The collection
which Mr. Engel has given to the li-
brary is housed in the Faculty Lounge.
High; 6' 4", 190-pound forward; All
Big Eight first team, three-year letter-
man; All District and All City squads;
Junior Classical League; president of
homeroom; Rotarian of the Month;
— Jerry Sheldon, Ldndsey - Wilson
Junior College and Owensboro (Ken-
tucky) High School; 6'4", 195-pound
forward; recipient of a total of six
athletic letters; Dean's List student;
—Ronald G. Hoffman, Orlando (Flor-
ida) High School and Junior College;
6'4", 180-pound forward and center;
All Star Team in Orlando Junior Col-
lege Invitational Tournament; letter-
ed in four sports;
— John William Cook, Jr., Copiah-
Lincoln Junior College and Wesson
(Mississippi) High School; 6'3", 190-
pound forward and center; All Tangi-
pahoe Conference three years. All Dis-
trict Seven, South Mississippi Junior
College All Star Team; at Wesson,
president of Hi-Y, vice-president of
senior class, captain of basketball
A total of twenty-seven awards have
been given in football.
In June it was announced that sen-
ior Phil Goodyear, of Gulfport, had
been named to the All American Col-
lege Archery Team.
Mr. Goodyear ranked No. 3 in the
nation among college and university
archers. He was selected for the All
American team by the National Col-
legiate Archery Coaches Association.
Millsaps has just completed its sec-
ond year of archery competition on
an intercollegiate basis.
This column is dedicated to the me-
mory of graduates, former students,
and friends who have passed away in
recent months. Every effort has been
made to compile an accurate list, but
there will be unintentional omissions.
Your help is solicited in order that
we may make the column as complete
as possible. Those whose memory we
honor are as follows:
Keller Breland, '37, who died June
17. He operated I. Q. Zoo and Animal
Behavior Enterprises, Inc., in Hot
Manley Cooper, '12, who died March
23. He was a resident of Kerrville,
Rebecca Davis, '28, who died in
May. She was a resident of Jackson.
William S. Davis, '02, who died in
May. He was a resident of Waynes-
Dr. William L. Duren, '02, who es-
tablished a loan fund named in his
honor by the College, who died June
21. He lived in New Orleans.
Mrs. Mary Locke Eudy, Grenada,
who died May 26. She lived in Eupora,
Robert J. Ham, '22-'24, who died
May 17. He lived in Pascagoula, Mis-
H. C. Holden, '17, who died March
14. He lived in Arlington, Virginia.
Jack McDill, '31-'32, who died in
February. He lived in Jackson.
William C. McLean, '16, who died
March 4. He was a resident of Tampa,
J. H. Moss, '14-'15, who died this
spring. He was a resident of Raleigh,
Crit R. Nolen, '02-'06, who died June
15. He lived in Jackson.
Stanley Orkin, '32-'34, who was kUl-
ed in a car-train collision on June 12.
He lived in Jackson.
Kelly Mouzon Pylant, '29-'31, who
died April 18. He was a resident of
R. A. J. Sessions, '19, who died
April 25. He was a resident of Wood-
John T. Smith, '04-'06, who died
April 20. He lived in Cleveland, Mis-
Albert W. Spann, '29-'30, who died
June 18. He lived in Jackson.
Dr. John EUett Stephens, DD 1946,
chairnnan of the department of reli-
gion from 1925 to 1928, who died June
Claude Woodson Wall, Jr., '46-'48,
who died March 20. He was a resident
Thelma Tolles Bailey, '65, to John
Robertson Akers, '61-'64. Living in
Jo Ree Bamett, '57-'60, to James
Richard Fancher, Jr.
Betty Barron, '65, to Glenn J. James,
Donna Rae Bell, '64, to Joseph H.
Sharp. Living in Jackson.
Fentress Claire Boone, '65, to the
Reverend Jim Leggett Waits, '58. Liv-
in Blue Island, Illinois.
Martha Lou Brown to Edgar Hub-
bard Nation, Jr., '54-'57. Living in
Patricia Ann Byrne, '62, to Francis
M. Emerson, Jr. Living in Gulfport,
Dorothy May Davis, '60, to Kimbrell
Teal. Living in St. Louis, Missouri.
Suzanne DeMoss, '64, to Thomas
Floyd Martin. Living in Lexington,
Betty Katherine Denton, '62, to Hel-
mut Furstenburger. Living in Munich,
Edith Ritter Dulles to Lewis Hugh
Wilson, Jr., '60. Living in Austin, Tex-
Sandra Jeanne Edgar to Wallace
Ray Vance, '59-'61. Living in Union,
Helen Kaye Garner to Lee Luther
Hasseltine, Jr., '63.
Rachel Gerdes, '64, to Raymond Lee
Lewand, '65. Living in Waco, Texas.
Rosalyn Ann Gillespie, '60-'62, to Mil-
ford Davis Thomas. Living in Colum-
Gayle Gresham to Gary Merkell
Fox, '65. Living in Jackson.
Lyn Marie Hopkins to David Hill
Strong, '60. Living in Jackson.
Louise Lockwood Hutchins, '62, to
Lt. Harold Dwayne Gregory. Living in
Sara Terry Hyman, '60-'62, to Wil-
liam Gerald King. Living in Fort Lau-
Kathleen Khayat, '65, to Jack Leon
Frost. Living in Grenada, Mississippi.
Elizabeth McGlothlin, '65, to Low-
ell Husband, '60-'61. Living in Jackson.
Alabel Stinson May to Stuart Charles
Liles, '60-'61. Living in Jackson.
Marilyn Jean Meador to William
J. Crosby, '61. Living in Memphis.
Eleanor Berry Moyer, '41-'43, to
Duncan B. Easterling. Living in Jack-
Martha Phyllis Myers to David Allen
Thompson, '60-'62. Living in Memphis.
Mary Frances Nester, '65, to Bobby
Joe Shewmake. Living in Jackson.
Janet Faye Oliver, '63, to John
Doyle Commer, Jr. Living in Gulfport,
Rose Elizabeth Shaw, '59, to Ken-
neth Allen McRaney, '59. Living in
Mary Sue Simpson, '58-'59, to Lt.
(jg) Patrick Morgan. Living in Nor-
Lynn Simms to Kenneth Edward
Gilbert, '62-'64. Living in Bay Springs,
Marilyn Stewart, '64, to William
Johnson Witt, III, '64. Living in Dal-
Nancy Jo Tweedy, ■61-'63, to Gor-
dsn Edgar Brown, Jr., '65. Living in
Mary Helen Utesch, •60-'63, to Robert
Allen Crawford. Living in Tallahassee.
(Children listed in this column must
be under one year of age. Please re-
port births promptly to assure publi-
John Lee Burnett, born January 28
to Mr. and Mrs. Joe Burnett (Mary
Carol Caughman), both '60, of Waynes-
boro, Mississippi. He was greeted by
Carol Lynn, SVa.
John Edward Dawson, born to Lcdr.
and Mrs. Allan J. Dawson (Julia Anne
Beckes, '59), of San Francisco, on
March 14. He was welcomed by Allan,
Parker Lee Ellison, born October 13
to Mr. and Mrs. Richard B. Ellison
(Judith Chloe Forbes, '59), of Tiburon,
Virginia Lee Graham, born April 10
to Dr. and Mrs. William L. Graham
(Betty Garrison), both '58, of New
Orleans. Garry, 2, welcomed his sis-
Corinne Claire Hensley, born May
7 to Mr. and Mrs. Gordon H. Hensley
(Claire King, '56), of Brooklyn, New
York. Gordon, Jr., 5'^, and John King,
3^4, are the other Hensleys.
Charles Allen Hudson, born Febru-
ary 7 to Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Hudson
(Clydell Carter, '56), of New Albany,
Mississippi. He was welcomed by two
brothers, Eddie, 7i'2, and Robin, Wz.
Cynthia Ann Hultz, born October 9
to Mr. and Mrs. George A. Hultz (Bar-
bara Wikstrand, '58-'60), of Biloxi.
She was greeted by Alice Faye, 2,
and Rebecca Lynne, 1.
Andrew Dean Jones, born March 8
to Dr. and Mrs. W. B. Jones, of Bald-
win, Kansas. Mr. Jones graduated in
1950. Andrew Dean was welcomed by
Becky, Deddie, and Judy.
Kelly Elaine Jones, born July 20,
1964, to Dr. and Mrs. G. R. Jones
(Sarah Jones, '58) of Huntington
Beach, California. Tracy Louise, 4V2,
and Stephen Earl, 2, greeted their
Joseph Thomas Lee, II, born June
25 to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph T. Lee
(Rose Reynolds, '57-'59), of Jackson.
Becky Little, born October 19 to Mr.
and Mrs. John Little (Lonetta Wells),
both '54, of Jackson.
Elsa Marie McDonald, bom on May
3 to Mr. and Mrs. Jack M. McDonald,
Jr. (Betty Louise Landfair), '58 and
'57, of Clinton, Mississippi. She was
welcomed by Susan Elizabeth, 6, and
Laura Louise, 3.
Stevens Lewis McEachin, born Janu-
ary 31 to Dr. and Mrs. John D. Each-
in (Sylvia Stevens), '57 and '56, of
Meridian, Mississippi. The baby was
welcomed by John, 4V2, and Susan, 2.
Rebecca Edwina Meisburg, born
April 21 to Mr. and Mrs. Stephen
Meisburg, Jr. (Clara Frances Jack-
son), '63 and '62, of Lexington, Ken-i
William McNeill Moore, born April
7 to Mr. and Mrs. James Love Moorei
(Betty Bartling, '60). of Natchez.
John Thomas Noblin, Jr., born Junei
7 to Mr. and Mrs. John Thomas Nob-
lin (Larry Ford), '62 and '61, of Jack-:
Phyllis Lee O'Hara, bom March 3
to Mr. and Mrs. John O'Hara (Martha
Ann Smith, '57), of Huntsville, Ala-
Samuel Reed Orr, born March 31
to Mr. and Mrs. William Orr (Susanna
Mize), '64 and '62, of Jackson.
Sophie Hutson Sistrunk, born to Dr.
and Mrs. William Frank Sistrunk, of
Jackson, on May 23. William Weston,
who was born June 14, 1964, greeted
his sister. Dr. Sistrunk, a pediatrician,
graduated in 1954.
First Federal Savings and Loan As-
sociation of Jackson has honored Ver-
non Terrell McClendon, '94-'95, one of
its charter directors who recently re-
tired, by contributing funds in his
name to three Jackson colleges, in-
cluding Millsaps. The $1,000 fund was
directed to the libraries of the colleges.
Mr. and Mrs. McClendon (the former
Helen Anderson) live in Jackson.
Judge J. C. Russell, '02, of Sinton,
Texas, reached his 90th birthday in
April and was honored for a long and
profitable life. He has been a teacher,
legislator, newspaper publisher, jus-
tice of the peace, county attorney, and
county judge. Mr. Russell wrote the
original resolution calling for the im-
peachment of Texas Governor Jim
Ferguson forty-eight years ago. He
has been described as the best-known
Mason in Texas.
After nearly a half century as a
teacher, coach, principal, and superin-
tendent, C. W. Brooks, '20, retired as
superintendent of District Three
Schools in July. Upon retirement he
moved from Shelby, Mississippi, to
Jackson. Mrs. Brooks is the former
Frances Grimes. The couple has a
son, Charlie, Jr.
The Reverend W. L. Day, '22, has ac-
cepted the pastorate of Beacon Street
Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Mis-
sissippi. He moved to Philadelphia
from Calvary Church in Tupelo, where
he had been the pastor for sixteen
Shellie M. Bailey, '26, has been
named principal of a new Jackson day
school established by First Presby-
terian Church. Mr. B^ailey retired as
principal of Forest Hill High School in
June. He has served thirty-one years
in the field of education in Mississippi.
In February sixty of the world's
leading statesmen, diplomats, politi-
cians, and intellectuals met at the
United Nations to discuss peace in
the context of the encyclical of Pope
John, "Pacem in Terris." Among
them was Dr. R. Paul Ramsey, '35,
Harrington Spear Paine Professor of
Religion at Princeton University. The
event was sponsored by the Center
for Study of Democratic Institutions.
The Saturday Review of May 1 gives
highlights of the conversations and
Dr. Ramsey is one of those quoted.
Among the alumni who were as-
signed new churches at the annual
Mississippi Methodist conferences this
year were the following: M. J. Peden,
'38, who was welcomed to Tunica
Methodist Church; Kelly Williams, '63.
who will serve the Decatur Circuit in
the North Texas Conference while
studying at Southern Methodist Uni-
versity; Ivan B. Burnett, '62, assigned
to Grace Methodist Church in Grena-
da; Glen O. Wiygul, '52, now pastor
of St. Paul's in Clarksdale; and John
L. Bowie, '52, assigned to Houston
The Reverend Fred J. Bush, '39, has
resigned as rector of St. Phillip's
Episcopal Church in Jackson to be-
come Archdeacon of the Episcopal
Diocese of Mississippi effective Au-
gust 15. Mrs. Bush is the former Sarah
Elizabeth White. The couple has a
son, Robert Ellis.
Colonel and Mrs. Paul Sheffield
(Carolyn Buck), '39 and '36-'39, are
living in Alexandria, Virginia, after
a tour of duty in Balboa, Canal Zone.
Colonel Sheffield is associated with
the military construction section in
the office of the Chief of Engineers in
Washington, D. C. The Sheffields have
New assignments for Methodist
ministers in Hattiesburg, Mississippi,
after Annual Conference, involved
three alumni. Dr. G. Eliot Jones, '40,
became district superintendent, mov-
ing from First Methodist Church in
Laurel; James S. Conner, '38, was
named pastor of Broad Street Metho-
dist Church, moving from Hawkins
Street Church in Vicksburg; and
Frank E. Dement, Jr., '32-35, is now
pastor of Main Street Church, moving
from St. Luke's in Jackson.
Thomas G. Hamby, '41, has resign-
ed as head of the athletic department
at South Panola High School to ac-
cept a post in the athletic department
of Leflore County High School in*Itta
Bena, Mississippi. Mr. and Mrs. Ham-
by (Rosa Eudy, '41) and their three
children will move to Itta Bena in
New senior editor of Show magazine
is Ben Hall, '39-'41, formerly of the
Time Magazine staff. Mr. Hall is au-
thor of The Best Remaining Seats, a
study of American movie palaces.
After a year of furlough in the
States, the H. A. Zimmerman family
has returned to Hong Kong, where Mr.
Zimmerman teaches at the seminary
and at Chung Chi, the Christian col-
lege which has just become part of
the Chinese University. Mrs. Zimmer-
man (Ellenita Sells, '43) works with
the English Sunday School of Truth
Lutheran Church and teaches piano.
Two months after their return they
had been affected by three typhoons,
two of which passed right over them.
The Federal Reserve Bank of New
York has named Alan R. Holmes, '43,
manager of the Open Market Account.
Mr. Holmes was formerly in charge of
research and statistics at the bank.
His new position is described as "one
of the most important in the entire
central bank." Open market opera-
tions in government securities are de-
signed to influence the level of re-
serves of commercial banks and,
hence, the cost and availability of
An appointment to the faculty of
Florida Southern College in Lakeland
for the Reverend W. Ellis Williamson,
'43, will become effective this fall. Mr.
Williamson will teach sociology and
also serve on the staff of the college's
extension and development depart-
The University of Bridgeport has
appointed Dr. Justus M. van der Kroef,
'44, chairman of the department of
political science effective in Septem-
ber. Dr. van der Kroef has been a
member of <he faculty since 1956. He
received his Master of Science degree
from the University of North Carolina
and his Ph.D. from Columbia.
Mrs. Cecil Inman, Jr., (Theo Sto-
vall, '45) has been cited by the Milli-
nery Institute of America as one of
the nation's "Best-Hatted Women."
A Jacksonian, she puts her artistic
ability to use for various civic endeav-
ors in Jackson. Mr. and Mrs. Inman
(Mr. Inman attended in 1940-41) have
a seven-year-old son.
One of the designers of the new
"Short Takeoff and Landing" air-
craft developed by Ling-Temco-
Vaught Company was Eugene Allen,
'47. Mr. Allen received a Master's
degree from the California Institute
of Technology and a degree in nuclear
engineering from Southern Methodist
Dr. Freddy Ray Marshall, '49, has
been named Presidential Adviser on
Russian Economic Affairs. Dr. Mar-
shall is professor of economics at the
University of Texas.
The Mississippi Manufacturers As-
sociation has named Williatn M. Jones,
'50, to serve as director of programs
and services. He began his position
on June 1 after resigning as director
of conferences and institutes for the
University of Mississippi. Mr. Jones
is married to the former Kathryn
Greene and has one daughter.
Mrs. William P. Martin (Milly East,
'51) was elected national president of
the National Association of Junior
Auxiliaries in May. Mr. Martin is now
co-owner and manager of Gray-Mar
Farms, only local milk bottling plant
in Hattiesburg, Mississippi.
An advanced certificate in social
work has been awarded to Curtis
Clapham, '52, by the University of
Pennsylvania. Mr. Clapham has been
appointed executive director of family
service of Chester County, which in-
cludes most of Philadelphia, Pennsyl-
vania. Mrs. Clapham is the former
Sue Carol Etzenhauer. The couple has
William H. Moore, '53, has been
named acting director and state geo-
logist of the Mississippi Geologic Eco-
nomic and Topographic Survey. He
has been a staff geologist with the
survey since 1960. Mrs. Moore is the
former Elizabeth Anne Turner, '54.
"An Outstanding Mississippi Biology
Teacher for 1965" is William E. Brode,
'49-'51, a member of the science facul-
ty of Columbia High School. Mr.
Brode was chosen from a group of
some twenty-five deserving biology
teachers for the honor by the Missis-
sippi chapter of the National Associa-
tion of Biology Teachers.
Jackson attorney Gene Wilkinson,
'54, has been named to the Junior
Chamber of Commerce International
Senate in recognition of his outstand-
ing service to the Junior Chamber
movement. Mr. Wilkinson is manag-
ing partner of the law firm Stennett,
Wilkinson, and Ward. He holds nu-
merous positions of respwDnsibility. He
was one of five Jacksonians listed in
the 1935 edition of Outstanding Young
Men of America.
A Master of Sacred Theology de-
gree was awarded to the Reverend
Frank Burnett Mangum, '54, by the
University of the South in June. He
is associate rector of St. Paul's Epis-
copal Church in Waco, Texas.
Major Reginald Lowe, Jr., '55, is a
resident in the opthalmology service
at Walter Reed General Hospital in
Washington, D. C. He was stationed in
Aschaffenburg, Germany, for two
years before moving to Washington.
Major and Mrs. Lowe have a daugh-
David Franks, '57, is teaching and
doing work toward his Ph.D. at the
University of Minnesota. Mrs. Franks
(Audrey Jennings, '54) is engaged in
social service work at the Kenny Re-
habilitation Institute, which is con-
cerned chiefly with stroke patients,
spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy,
With the exodus of Mr. and Mrs.
Tom Boone (Edna Khayat), '56 and
'54, from Jackson to Dallas in July to
join the staff of Lovers Lane Metho-
dist Church, the alumni working
for the church now number four.
They joined the Reverend James
Noblin, '35, and the Reverend Roy H.
Ryan, '52. Mr. Boone is taking a leave
from bis duties as youth director at
Galloway Church to take graduate
work at SMU.
A super-sensitive, heat-flux trans-
ductor invented by S. J. Robertson,
'57, has won a national invention
award from the ISA Journal for the
heating technology laboratory of which
Mr. Robertson is vice-president. The
firm is located in Huntsville, Tennes-
The Coe Foundation of New York
City awarded Jo Anne Tucker, '57, si
fellowship for six weeks of graduate
study at Abilene Christian College
this summer. She holds the Master of
Business Education degree from the
University of Mississippi.
The board of governors of the Socie-
ty of Real Estate Appraisers has
awarded the "Senior Residential Ap-
praiser" designation to Harry R.
Blair, '57. Mr. Blair is vice-president
of Blair Realty Company in Jackson.
He is vice-president of the Society's
Jackson chapter. Mrs. Blair is the
former Marilyn Wood, '57.
Dr. John D. McEachin, '57, is en-
gaged in the practice of pediatrics at
the Medical Arts Clinic in Meridian,
Mississippi. Dr. and Mrs. McEachin
(Sylvia Stevens, '56), have three chil-
The Rochester, New York, Philhar-
monic Orchestra has engaged the serv-
ices of Samuel Jones, '57, as assistant
conductor, effective this fall. Mr
Jones is currently conductor and musi(
director of the Saginaw, Michigan,
Symphony. His Symphony No. 1 has
had ten performances throughout thi
country. Mrs. Jones is the former
Nancy Peacock, '57.
Mark C. Yerger, '58, has joined the
National Bank of Commerce in Mem-
phis as assistant vice-president of its
corresponding bank department. He
was formerly associated with the
Jackson Hinds Bank of Jackson, where
he was vice-president in charge ol
operations. Mrs. Yerger is the former
Ann Porter, '59. The couple has a
Bryn Mawr College has awarded
to Mrs. Peter J. Liacouras (Ann My-
ers, '58) the Max Richter Fellowship
in Political Science for graduate study
in 1935-66. Mrs. Liacouras, now a resi-
dent of Gladwyne, Pennsylvania, re-
ceived the Master of Ails degree frorr
Fletcher School of Law and Diploma-
John M. Carter, '59, has been nam
cd director of the Jackson Municipal
Library System. He assumed his du-
ties on June 1, coming from a posi-
tion as head of the circulation depart-
ment of the Mississippi State Univer-
sity Library. Mrs. Carter is the form-
er Carolyn Robertson. The couple has
A law office has been opened in
Jackson by Jim Phyfer, '59, who was
for several years associated with the
law firm Brewer, Brewer & Luckett.
Mrs. Phyfer is the former Tally Mc-
Gowan, '56-'59. The couple has two
Captain Henry L. Lewis, III, '59,
was one of four hundred U. S. Air
Force medical officers who participat-
ed in a series of programs in New
York Oity which revealed the latest
advancements in the medical aspects
of aviation and space travel. He is
assigned to Fairchild AFB, Washing-
ton, as director of aerospace medicine
service with the 810th Medical Group.
Advanced degrees were awarded
this spring to Donald Louis Bonier,
'60, who received his MD degree from
the University of Mississippi Medical
Center; Vernon Frank Ross, '61, the
recipient of an M. D. degree from the
University of Mississippi Medical Cen-
ter; Dennis Ranee Glower, '63, who
received a Master of Science degree in
anatomy at the University of Missis-
sippi Medical Center; William M. Can-
non, '61-'62, awarded the Doctor of
Dental Science degree by the Univer-
sity of Tennessee; and Fred A. Mur-
phree, '58, who was awarded a DDS
degree by the University of Tennes-
see Medical School. Dr. Bomer will
intern next year at Parkland Memo-
rial Hospital in Dallas. Dr. Ross will
intern at the University of Mississippi
Medical Center. Dr. Cannon wDl enter
the Armv at Fort Ord, California, for
Captain James F. Oaks, '56-'57, who
is a member of the staff of the Nike-
X project office of Redstone Arsenal
in Huntsville, Alabama, has been
spending his spare time as a member
of the Huntsville Community Chorus.
He starred as the male lead in a re-
cent production of "Carousel." Cap-
tain Oaks was a featured soloist with
the West Point Cadet Glee Club after
Greenwood (Mississippi) High School
has named Bobby Ray, '56-'59, head
basketball and baseball coach. Mr.
Ray was serving as freshman bas-
ketball coach at Mississippi Col-
lege at the time of his appointment.
Mrs. Ray is the former Linda Mun-
Dr. Charles A. Ozbom, '60, has open-
ed an office for the general practice
of medicine in Eupora, Mississippi.
He interned at Baptist Hospital in
Jackson. Mrs. Ozbom is the former
Gulfport, Mississippi, is the home of
Mr. and Mrs. Francis M. Emerson,
■Tr., (Patricia Ann Byrne, '60). Mr.
Emerson, a graduate of Southeastern
Louisiana College, is assistant field
director of the American Red Cross
at Keesler Air Force Base. Mrs. Em-
erson is employed at the Veterans
Else Maria Aurbakken, '60, has been
elected secretary of international af-
fairs of the Woman's Division of the
Methodist Board of Missions. Her
work involves Methodist United Na-
tions seminars and liaison work with
the U. N. Miss Aurbakken has been
on the Board staff since 1963.
Dr. James A. Montgomery, Athletic Director, is writing a book
entitled Athletes and Scholars: A Sports History of Millsaps College.
He requests help from alumni in obtaining information needed
fo complete the history. He is seeking additional information for
all years in the following categories:
Schedules and results
Honors to players (captain,
All Conference, All American, etc.)
Records (school, conference)
Memorabilia (photographs, certificates
of merit, etc.)
Any other facts and figures of general
The years preceeding 1934 are the ones in which the most infor-
mation is needed.
Material should be addressed to Dr. Montgomery at Millsaps.
Master of Education degrees were
awarded to Edwin Ronald Carruth,
'60, and Charles Michael Rueff, Jr.,
'61, by the University of Southern Mis-
sissippi this spring. Both earned de-
grees in principalship.
An office for the general practice
of dentistry has been opened in Magee,
Mississippi, by Dr. Harold B. Brooks,
'57-'60. Dr. Brooks has just completed
two years of military duty. He is
married to the former Nancy Caro-
line Young, '58-'60, and has a three-
year-old son, Jeffry.
A volume called Essays in History,
composed of the best published essays
at the University of Virginia, is being
edited by Moody Simms, '62, a third-
year graduate student. The book is an
annual publication sponsored by the
University's History Club. Mrs. Simms
is the former Barbara Ann Griffin,
Mrs. W. R. Anderson, Jr., (Nancy
Grisham, '62) has been accepted to
teach with the European division of
the University of Maryland this fall.
The Andersons are Living in Germany.
Her brother Roy, '58, is now a general
editor for the Princeton University
Christian County High School, in
HopkinsviUe, Kentucky, has named
Eldridge Rogers, '62, to the post of
athletic director. During the past three
years, as head basketball coach, Mr.
Rogers has compiled a 46 won - 11 lost
Steve C. Meisburg, Jr., '63, has been
elected president of the Student Coun-
cil of Lexington Theological Seminary.
Mr. Meisburg is student pastor of the
Bethlehem Christian Church in Clark
County, Kentucky. Mrs. Meisburg is
the former Clara Frances Jackson,
Paula Page, '64, is an apprentice
artist with the Sante Fe Opera Com-
pany this summer. She has been as-
signed the role of Flora in "La Tra-
viata" and is understudying the role
of Suzuki in "Madame Butterfly" and
a major role in the American pre-
miere of an Italian opera. Miss Page
is working toward a Master's degree
in voice at the University of Indiana.
A National Defense Education Act
Fellowship in general biology for 1965-
66 has been awarded to Alice Scott,
'64, who is scheduled to receive a
Master of Science degree in biology
from Peabody College in August. Miss
Scott will study at Vanderbilt.
Jackson, Miss. 3921C
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1965
REUNIONS: Classes of 1916, 1930
1931, 1932, 1933, 1941, 1949, 1950
1951, and 1952.
,, ,.„■ oqn ubraw
'ill he come to Millsaps?
millsaps college magazine
MERGED INSTITUTIONS: Grenada
College. Whitworth College, Millsaps
MEMBER: American Alumni Council,
American College Public Relations As-
3 Events of Note
4 The Changing Face of Recruitment
10 Alumni in Recruiting
16 New Dorms Help Enrollment
18 Planned Estate Program
21 Major Miscellany
Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson,
Mississippi. Entered as second class matter on Oc-
tober 15, 1959, at the Post Office in Jackson, Mis-
sissippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912.
Shirley Caldwell, '56, Editor
James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni
Jim Lucas, '66, Photographer
by Dr. Benjamin B. Graves
In the summer, 1965, issue of Major Notes, I had the opportunity
to discuss with you the matter of admission standards at Millsaps.
The favorable comments received on this article were most grati-
fying. The current issue deals with a process closely related to ad-
missions: securing the desired student profile in quantity and
quality. A common, but less precise, term for this process is re-
From reading current literature, cne might think that the big
problem of colleges and universities today is one of controlling the
number of applicants. And for institutions with minimal admission
standards and low tuition, this thought is essentially right. But
with the exception of a few hallowed schools, such is not the case
with the private institutions, which combine reasonably high stand-
ards with substantial tuition.
For the academic year 1966-1967, our improved housing picture
will open up the opportunity for a significant increase in residential
students. We have just let contracts for the building of two dormi-
tories, one for men and one for women. If we should choose to keep
all of our existing housing in use, we could accommodate an addi-
tional three hundred residents. In any event we shall have space
for a sizable increase in our residential student body, and we are
asking for your active interest in counseling and recruitment.
Let me point out a few ways in which you can assist. First of
all, surveys have shown that approximately 90% of students come
to a private college such as Millsaps as a result of "word-of-
mouth." This good word can come from alumni, parents, students,
ministers, laymen, and friends of the college. Prospective students
are eager for information and advice on college choices, and with
thousands of alumni speaking well about Millsaps, we would be
assured the desired quantity and quality of students.
As you know, we are seeking the youngster with at least aver-
age aptitude who wants a quality education in a Christian environ-
ment and is willing to apply himself. Such a student can gain ac-
ceptance to any college in Mississippi and to the majority in the
nation. In many cases he is being tempted with enticing offers.
Yet the fact remains that many of these students know nothing of
Millsaps College. We find this lack of knowledge among persons
both inside and outside the state of Mississippi. Heretofore we have
had no full-time representative visiting schools and virtually no
coverage beyond the state. This year we have employed counseling
representatives and are extending our coverage to adjoining areas,
ranging from Texas on the west to Tennessee on the north and
Florida and Georgia on the east. Frankly, we would like to have
a student body with national representation and at least a sprinkling
of foreign students. Such a balance is needed to provide a stimu-
lating educational environment.
Many qualified students in Mississippi and adjoining states are
overlooking the chance to get a good education in the South. Numer-
ous Southern students go to other parts of the country, particularly
the East, seeking a superior education. Yet we know of many cases
where students have chosen a school which in overall quality does
not stack up to Millsaps but where costs are double those at this
college. There is substantive evidence to supiKjrt this contention, and
we shall be glad to furnish references to nationally recognized in-
dices for interested persons.
Let me conclude by saying that we welcome your referral of
students. The College, of course, must reserve the final decision
on admission, but your involvement in this matter is eagerly
sought and can be of immense importance. A convenient form for
listing recommendations may be found on Page 23.
Events of Note
"POP" KING MOVES TO KANSAS
Dr. Alvin Jon King, for many years
director of the Singers, left Jackson
on October 2 for permanent residence
in Hesston, Kansas.
Before his departure the Alumni
Association honored him at an open
house held in the Boyd Campbell Stu-
dent Center. A steady flow of friends
came by to wish "Pop" happiness in
his new home.
Dr. King organized the Singers in
1935, shortly after he joined the Mill-
saps faculty as director of choral
music. The choir remained under his
direction until his retirement in 1956.
He introduced to Jackson the Feast
of Carols, which has become a tradi-
tional Christmas celebration. The first
Feast of Carols was sung by 1,200
voices in 1926.
Dr. King had resided in Ridgeland,
Mississippi, for the past few years
and was a frequent visitor to the cam-
pus. Hardly a musical event passed
at which his presence was not noted.
Relatives persuaded him to make
Hesston his new home so that he
could be near them.
NEW FACULTY NAMED
Twelve new full - time teachers
joined the faculty this fall.
They are as follows:
John Quincy Adams, assistant pro-
fessor and acting chairman of the po-
litical science department; BA, Rice
University, MA, Texas Western Col-
lege, LL.B., University of Texas;
teaching experience at Southwest
Texas State and the University of
McCarrell Ayers. instructor in
voice; Bachelor of Music, Eastman
School of Music, University of Ro-
chester, Master of Voice, Indiana Uni-
versity; teaching experience in priv-
ate studio and Prattsburg Academy;
Jerry Neal Bagwell, instructor in
biology; BS, Austin Peay State Col-
lege, MA, George Peabody; teach-
ing experience at Fairfield, Ohio,
Carole Shields Dye, instructor in
education; BA, Millsaps, ME, Univer-
sity of Mississippi; teaching experi-
ence at Spann Elementary School in
Jackson and Oakland Consolidated
School in Oxford, Mississippi;
Donald E. Faulkner, instructor in
physics; BS, Millsaps, MS, Univer-
sity of Rochester; teaching experi-
ence in Vicksburg Public Schools;
Dr. Richard D. Hathaway, associ-
ate professor of English; BA, Oberlin
College, MA, Harvard, Ph.D., West-
ern Reserve University; teaching ex-
perience at State University College
in New Paltz, New York, Rensselaer
Polytechnic Institute, and Harvard;
Orvel Hooker, assistant professor of
speech and director of forensics; BA,
Ouachita, Bachelor and Master of
Sacred Theology, Temple University;
teaching experience at Hinds Junior
Frank E. Polanski, instructor in
music; BM, Eastman School of Music,
University of Rochester, MM, Uni-
versity of Michigan School of Music;
teaching experience in private
Dr. Lee Reiff, associate professor
of religion and department chairman;
BA, BD, Southern Methodist Univer-
sity, MA and Ph.D., Yale; teaching
experience at McMurry College, Mill-
saps, and Yale;
William Watkins, instructor in Ger-
man; BA, Millsaps, MA, University
Dr. Lee O. Jones, visiting profes-
sor of mathematics, and Gipson Wells,
instructor in sociology, move to full-
time status from part-time. Dr. Jones,
chairman of the math department at
William Jewell College for twenty-one
years prior to retirement, is a grad-
uate of William Jewell and holds the
MA degree from Peabody. Mr. Wells
is a graduate of Millsaps and re-
ceived his MA degree from Missis-
FRESHMEN IN TOP BRACKET
The average score of the 1964-65
freshman class on the American Col-
lege Test was in the top one percent
as compared with the average scores
of all other freshman classes of par-
Three hundred twenty-nine colleges
throughout the nation participated in
the ACT program last year. The
scores of the Millsaps students placed
Millsaps among the top three of the
329, although exact positioning was
Scores of some 150,000 students en-
rolled as freshmen at the colleges
Dr. Russell Levanway, chairman of
the psychology department, said that
the mean score of Millsaps students
was in the 99th percentile both on the
ACT and in terms of high school
BIOLOGY MAJORS OUTSTANDING
Biology majors in the Class of 1965
compiled the most outstanding record
in the history of the biology depart-
Average score of the twenty seniors
who took the Graduate Record Exam-
ination in March ranked in the 85th
percentile nationally. Two seniors
were mid-year graduates and two
took the exam during the summer
and were not included in the statistics.
One of the mid-year graduates,
Charles Steele, of Meridian, scored
in the 99th percentile. His score was
740, but the highest score which is
ranked on the chart is 720.
Eight of the Millsaps biology majors
scored in the 93-97 percentiles, four
of them in the 97th percentile. Scores
of four others were in the 84-92%
range, and three more scored in the
Eleven of the twenty-four students
who took the G.R.E. this year scored
in the 90th percentile or above, which
means that they are included among
"the top ten per cent of all students
taking the examination in the nation
Rondal Bell, chairman of the
biology department, said that a com-
prehensive view of the national
averages required the knowledge that
at many universities only those stu-
(Continued on Page 19)
Will they come to Mill saps?
Nationwide figures are not yet in as to how many
freshman students entered college this fall. In May U. S.
News and World Report estimated that 1.4 million high
school seniors planned to enter college in September. The
same article said that 100,000 or more who were scholas-
tically qualified were unlikely to find openings.
The magazine stated that the eight Ivy League col-
leges received 50,000 applications for 9,000 freshman
openings and that the Now York State university system
had approximately 75,000 applications for 28,000 fresh-
For years now the main talk regarding colleges has
been the big boom in students. Why, then, if students
are being turned away, is recruitment necessary? Why
has Millsaps College just this summer hired two admis-
sions counselors whose chief jobs will be the recruit-
ment of students?
Apparently the boom is being felt principally by the
"prestige" colleges, and by that is meant colleges with a
national reputation, not just those with high academic
ratings. A later issue of U. S. News and World Report
(August 30) indicated that a sizable number of vacan-
cies were reported by smaller colleges. It cited the
state of Oregon, where eleven out of thirteen private
colleges were still taking qualified students.
Nor are the South and the Midwest feeling the boom
as much as the Eastern states and the West Coast. En-
rollment is up in all of the colleges in Mississippi, but
so far there has been no serious problem in numbers.
The major problem, according to the Department of
Education, is in housing. Dr. J. T. Sparkman says that
three or four state institutions experienced a critical
shortage in dormitory space this year.
Dr. Sparkman states that over the past few years
there has been a two percent increase each year in the
number of high school graduates going on to college.
There has also been a boom in the number of students
graduating from high schools in Mississippi. The latest
information from the Department of Health, Education
and Welfare also indicates that Mississippi is importing
a substantial number of students from out of state while
exporting a comparative few.
What about the future in Mississippi? Dr. Sparkman
says that the state simply has not been able to keep up
with the demand despite its building program.
The picture at Millsaps this year is this: There is an
increase of 25% in new students enrolling at Millsaps,
but enrollment still is not at an all-time high. The dormi-
tories are filled to capacity, but there was still room
for students who do not require housing on the campus.
Officials say Millsaps aims for an eventual enroll-
ment of 1,200. Maximum efficiency requires this num-
ber, they state. Everyone knows that not just any appli-
cant is accepted. It is a fact that students scoring less
than twenty on the American College Test have very
little chance of winning admission to Millsaps.
So Sam Cole, '64, and Gerald Jacks, '65, have their
job cut out for them. They have to help Millsaps reach
its maximum efficiency within the limits of its housing
capacity and its admission standards.
Their job will be eased somewhat by the two new
dormitories which are scheduled for contruction this
year, giving 176 more spaces for women and 162 more
for men (see Pages 16-17 for this story). Housing is
apparently a problem throughout the nation, especially
for women, who are usually required to live on campus
unless they live with their families. James K. HitI, im-
mediate past president of the American Association of
Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, says,
"The percentage of boys who go to college is not sub-
stantially greater than it was in the recent past, but
there is a big increase in girls. . . . The real limit on
admissions at many campuses is the amount of student
housing available . . . the very difficulty of creating
enough housing for girls puts a special limit on the open-
ings that can be made for them."
One thing has been quite apparent at Millsaps in
the past few years: this is a mobile society. Ten years
ago 257o of the graduates of Jackson high schools at-
tended Millsaps, a fact which helped keep enrollment
up and housing problems down. Currently only about
ten per cent of Jackson's seniors enroll at Millsaps. Jack-
son, with its large school system and better-paid and
thus usually better qualified teachers, and its metropoli-
tan atmosphere, produces the greatest percentage of
college-bound students in the state. The fact that these
students choose out-of-town schools hurts Millsaps.
Mobility also affects the upperclassman picture.
Parental influence may persuade students to remain
close to home for the first year or so. But the desire to
move around, to broaden contacts and interests, often
leads students to transfer to out-of-state schools later in
their careers. In personal conversations these students
often express complete satisfaction with Millsaps, but
the urge to look around is stronger than the will to stay.
Another factor which affects enrollment was dis-
cussed in the summer issue of Major Notes: the Col-
lege's reputation for "hardness." This reputation deters
some students who could succeed at Millsaps from even
trying and encourages some of the ones who do come to
transfer, either to have a more pleasing transcript of
grades with less effort or to avoid the comprehensive,
Cole and Jacks say that one of their major efforts
will be to correct some fallacious ideas about compre-
hensives and the above-mentioned "hardness." "Many
students think that a comprehensive covers everything
they've studied rather than just their major field," they
Jacks addresses a high school group on the merits of Millsaps. He hopes to convince such groups that average stu-
dents are welcome at Millsaps as well as the intellectuals.
The Changing Face
Will they come to Millsaps?
Cole has a private conference with two prospects
say. "They also worry about whether or not they can
pass it, thinking that it is an extremely difficult exam.
First we have to let them know that only the major
field is covered. Then we have to convince them that
many of the reports they hear are exaggerated, that
students who can pass the subject matter at Millsaps
can pass the comprehensive."
The affluency of society in current times is also a
factor in the mobility of the present generation. This
statement may seem paradoxical in view of the fact
that Millsaps charges the highest tuition in the state
(although followed very closely by Belhavenj. Consider
the fact, however, that many of the Jackson students
who came to Millsaps were motivated to do so because
they could receive quality education and yet save on
expenses by living at iiome. Now, officials say, such
students often prefer to apply for scholarship aid so
that they may attend out-of-town schools.
Mobility works conversely, too. For example, en-
rollment of students from Memphis has risen sharply.
Memphians want to leave their city, too, and Millsaps
attracts many of them because it is small and has a
good scholastic rating. The counselors hope to develop
the same sort of situation in other large Southern cities,
including New Orleans, Atlanta. Birmingham, Little
Rock, Dallas, Fort Worth, and Houston
Thus it appears that recruitment is not a field to be
relegated to obsolescence. Recruitment, as admissions
personnel see it, implies a duty to the student as well
as to the college being served. Rollin E. Godfrey, direc-
tor of admissions and reci'uitment at the University of
South Carolina, has said, "... I would suggest that re-
cruitment is the identifying and energiz;ng of people
with potential for higher education, and the rendering
of all assistance possible in getting them enrolled either
in his institution or one better able to meet the person's
Jacks and Cole, although new to the recruiting field,
have some def'nite ideas about their plans and goals.
They visualize as their biggest problem convincing well
motivated average students that they can gain admis-
sion to Millsaps. "Too many students feel they don't
have a chance of getting in," Cole says. "In many cases
they have good high school records but still feel they
aren't good enough."
Don't the ACT scores help to convince them that they
will qualify? "Yes," says Jacks, "but many don't know
what various schools require. Our job, as we see it, is
to interpret Millsaps' requirements to them."
"We don't want to picture Millsaps as an 'easy'
school," Cole explains, "but we must make students re-
alize that they have the ability required for Millsaps."
Cole and Jacks also plan to place a great deal of
emphasis on aid programs at Millsaps. The high tuition
charges at Millsaps will deter a great many students,
they say. "We will tell them about our work-study and
scholarship and loan programs and try to convince
them that anybody can go to college if he has the de-
sire." Officials feel that the work-study plan, through
which students are paid by the government to perform
jobs assigned by their colleges, will assume increasing
importance. They say that qualifications will be eased,
allowing more students to participate.
Millsaps is following a national trend in insisting
that students assume greater responsibility for the cost
of education. U. S. News and World Report cites the
following examples of schools which have increased tui-
tion and fees: the University of the Pacific, a private
co'.lege, increase of average of 11% per year over the
past nine years, now $1,500; University of Southern
California, $1,200 last year, $1,500 this year; Occidental
College, increase to $1,500 from $1,350 (ten years ago,
$800); Rice, no tuition until this year, now $1,200; Uni-
versity of Wisconsin, 35% increase over past ten years;
State College of Iowa, 50% increase in past ten years.
Closer to home, this is the picture of schools of simi-
lar size to Millsaps (figures are for 1965-63):
University of the South
Jacks and Cole will spend a great deal of time on
the road this year. They plan to visit every high school
in the state which is accredited by the Southern Associa-
tion of Colleges and Universities — and any others which
invite them. In many cases they will make two and
even three visits. They also plan to travel extensively in
surrounding states. At the present time their itinerary
includes Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Florida, Lou-
isiana, Texas, and Arkansas.
In addition to the mobility of this generation, one
reason for recruiting out of state is to give Millsaps a
more cosmopolitan student body. This year about one
fifth of the freshman class is from out of state. The
percentage could be increased to advantage, officials
The counselors will take full advantage of the Col-
lege Day programs of various high schools. College
Days have come in for a good bit of discussion by col-
lege administrators recently because they are some-
times badly planned. Godfrey described possibilities:
"Who among us has not arrived promptly at a high
school at the time designated by the statewide program
for high school visitation and armed with a complete
set of bulletins and other information found that prepara-
tions for tiie visit have not been made? Who has not
addressed a group of first-choice students believing he
was talking to seniors, or at least juniors and seniors,
only to find that his group consisted mainly of disinter-
ested high school freshmen and sophomores, dismissed
from classes to join the others? Have you ever, attended
a 'college night' where the college representatives out-
numbered the total of parents and children attending?
Perhaps you've been invited to the school for an early
afternoon program when another important event such
as the county fair is in progress. Your arrival is an-
nounced thusly: 'Attention all students. College repre-
sentatives are in the gymnasium. Those of you wishing
Jacks leaves McComb High
School after a recruiting visit.
The Changing Face
to discuss college with them now, go quietly to the gym.
Classes are dismissed for all others wishing to go to the
Godfrey then quoted an article by M. Overton Phelps
in College and University in which Mr. Phelps gave the
following reasons for continuing such programs in South-
ern states (he was speaking specifically of Georgia):
"1. The majority of the high schools still do not
have counselors. Many of the schools who have coun-
selors have an unrealistic counselor-student ratio which
makes it difficult to do an adequate job of pro-college
"2. College admissions requirements and procedures
are changing so rapidly that personal contact is neces-
sary for high school students to be kept up to date.
"3. The college 'night' program provides more op-
portunity for the high school to involve parents in col-
lege selection procedures. Many parents have not at-
tended college themselves, and like to get first hand in-
formiation concerning college expenses and college life.
"4. The college 'day' program provides a point of
departure for the school counselor in helping a student
with his choice of college. Many high school sophomores
or juniors have given little thought to college choice
until stimulated by the program to do so."
Cole and Jacks plan to work closely with alumni in
recruiting, especially through the Key Man program,
for which plans are beginning to progress. The alumnus
appointed the Key Man for recruitment in a specific
area will be asked to help by providing names of quali-
fied students, visiting students personally, bringing stu-
dents to the campus, and arranging meetings at which
the counselors can speak to and visit with the students.
Last summer Cole and Jacks went to church camps
and retreats to speak to the students about Millsaps.
They plan to continue this work through the church
Methodist Youth Fellowship programs.
They hope to enlist the student body in their efforts.
They will ask groups to provide programs for specific
purposes. Circle K, the college equivalent of Kiwanis, is
already at work planning programs on college life for
presentation at Key Club meetings throughout the state.
Mainly they intend to follow up on leads more close-
ly than in the past, to make sure that their contacts
know fully about Millsaps. "We've got to let them know
we're interested," they state.
A session with Principal Percy
Reeves and Counselor Mrs. Wil-
lis White at McComb High School
The admissions counselors
will work closely with high
school counselors. Mrs. Willis
White, of McComb High
School, makes suggestions.
The average student
can succeed at Millsaps,
Jacks tells a group of
The Changing Face of Recruitment
Robert Maddox, '56
Alumnus Plus Prospect
By James J. Livesay
Director, Alumni and Public Relations
Once upon a time an alumnus was a person who
came back to the campus of his Alma Mater to capture
his lost youth and complain about the football team.
To almost no one's regret, that character has gone the
way of the DoDo bird.
Since World War 11 a new image has been taking
shape. Today's alumni are partners in higher education
with the institutions which gave them their passports
into the world. Colleges no longer nourish a secret dread
of alumni "interference" in college affairs. To the con-
trary, alumni relations is a pivotal part of the college
program and alumni are considered the closest of con-
stituents, extensions of the college to the grass roots of
the communities it serves.
Millsaps College's policy reflects this high regard
for alumni in its long range plans for College develop-
ment. Wherever there are needs and enlarging oppor-
tunities, alumni leadership is being enlisted to give as-
sistance. Take student recruitment, for example. The
school year 1965-66 will see redoubled effort on the part
of the College to expand its recruitment activities, and
alumni will be important partners in the program.
The alumni role in recruitment will be a part of the
Key Man Plan developed by the Alumni Association's
Board of Directors to serve the College in every area
of college concern at the local level.
Anyone who has read the educational sections of the
national press or who has seen educational journals and
newsletters will know that college and university alumni
across the nation are becoming increasingly active ir
recruiting promising prospective students for their Alma
Maters. Results measured by admissions officers show
that they are impressively effective. The old advertis-
ing adage "ask the man who owns one" seems to bt
convincing to the high school student when it concerns
college diplomas. Graduates and former students of at
types of institutions, including the highly selective East-
ern colleges, are giving generously of their time anc
getting results for their schools.
Elsewhere in this issue plans for an aggressive anc
selective campaign in student recruitment by Millsaps
have been outlined. The target is the well motivatec
average and above-average high school or junior col
lege student. The two admissions counselors, Sam Cole
'64, and Gerald Jacks, '65, will be in the field undei
the supervision of Paul D. Hardin, Director of Admis
sions. Other college administrators, faculty members anc
students will assist. The most effective assistance, how
ever, can come from alumni and other friends at th(
"grass roots." There are no limits to the geographica
areas of interest to the College. Although initial organiza
tional effort on Key Men will be concentrated mostly ii
Mississippi, assistance from out-of-state alumni is eager
Equal Millsaps Student
ly sought. The College is greatly interested in increas-
ing out-of-state enrollment.
Specifically, here's what alumni Key Men for recruit-
ment will be asked to do: The Key Man or the Key Man
Committee (when several are at work) will represent
Millsaps' interests in student recruitment in the com-
munity. Admissions counselors will call on them when
they are in the area, seek advice, and ask for specific
assistance. The Key Man will be asked to contact prin-
cipals and counselors, seek their help in identifying capa-
ble students, and pass the information on to College offi-
cials. Parents of prospective students are important in
the recruitment effort. The assistance of the Key Man
in keeping parents informed and arranging for visits in
the homes of students may be requested. The Key Man
may be able to schedule meetings in churches or pic-
nics at nearby parks or lodges where college officials
can meet with groups of students. He will, on occasion,
be asked to represent Millsaps at College and Career
Days in local high schools.
Recruitment material will be supplied for use by
Key Men, and plans are being made to invite all Key
Men to come to the campus for annual briefings on the
total college picture so that they will be informed repre-
sentatives in their own communities.
It should be pointed out that Key Men for recruit-
ment will not be working alone in their communities.
The College is enlisting the help of several alumni in
each community to represent the College in other areas
of concern. There will be Key Men for public informa-
tion, fund raising, music interests, athletics, civic and
service club relations, and several other categories.
Some cities have alumni at work now in one or more of
these areas of concern. They will form the general Key
Man Committee which will meet on call from time to
time to discuss progress.
Admission Counselors Cole and Jacks have planned
their fall recruitment trips, and letters have gone to
alumni in towns on their itinerary. Response has been
excellent. At press time only affirmative replies had
been received. There are many towns and cities both in-
side Mississippi and across the nation where volunteers
are needed. If you are willing to invest some time for
Millsaps and if student recruitment interests you, write
us. The College needs you. There's a big and vitally im-
portant job to be done.
Increasingly a college or university is judged not
only by the reputations of its alumni but by their record
of interest in and service to their Alma Maters. Alumni
of Princeton, Duke, Sewanee, Wofford, Emory, Yale,
Harvard — and many, many more — are achieving im-
pressive results in student recruitment for these institu-
tions. Millsaps College alumni, we confidently predict,
will be equally responsive and successful.
Dennis Horn, McComb High School
The Changing Face of Recruitment
Aids to Recruiting:
The Alumnus and the
The most important away-from-the-campus forces for
the advancement of Millsaps College are the alumni and
the Methodist Church. The help of both is needed in
presenting Millsaps to the students of various areas. The
alumnvis knows from experience that many reports about
the "hardness" of Millsaps are exaggerated; he can help
to present a true picture. The church knows that Millsaps
stresses a Christian atmosphere; Methodist young people
should be informed and should be interested. Millsaps
is a school to be proud of, but only demonstrated pride
will help to convince high school seniors that Millsaps
bears looking into.
Robert Maddox, Class of '56, talks with
his pastor, The Reverend David Ulmer,
'34-'3G, of Centenary Methodist Church
in McComb, about ways to promote Mill-
saps through the church.
Well-rounded students who have extracurricular as well as
academic ability are bonus prospects. Alumni know who they
are in their communities. Maddox talks with John Lowery,
'56, coach at McComb High School.
Below: Maddox talks to Mrs. John S. Thompson
(Peggy Weppler, '46) and her son Taylor about re-
quirements for admission. Alumni can dispel fears
about admissions difficulties.
Paul Hardin, left, Director of Ad-
missions, helps Cole and Jacks plan
their fall itinerary. (Photo by Ernest
At a supper meeting; of Circle K Cole and Jacks outline plans
and solicit help. Circle K is planning programs for high school
Circle K Gets a Briefing,
Counselors Finalize Plans
Dean of Students John Christmas
discusses plan at Circle K meeting.
Proposed Men's Dormitory
New Dorms Will Help Enrollment
Officials call the two new dormitories scheduled for immediate
construction a new concept of student housing. Designed by R.
W. Naef and Associates, the modular type, air-conditioned
dormitories will be ready for occupancy at the beginning of the
1966-67 school year. They will house a total of 338 students.
Officials say the dormitories have been designed with the
express needs of college students in mind. The final plans are
the result of study and a great deal of research by the architect,
Dean of Students John Christmas, and Dean of Women Mrs.
Henry Pate, in cooperation with groups of students who served
as advisers. The new buildings will be constructed in units
which will each house sixteen students. A special feature will be
rooms that are designed for two students with a divider which
will allow one student to study undisturbed while the other
sleeps or entertains friends. Each room will be
subdivided into a study-dressing area and a sleeping area.
Proposed Women's Dormitory
The women's dormitory, which will house 176 students, will be
located to the west of the current women's complex. It will
be divided into four three-story units. In addition to a large lobby
for receiving guests, the dormitory will feature an informal
lounge for television viewing, a study room, a small kitchen
unit, and an area for concessions machines. A laundry room
will be central to the units on each floor. In the men's dormitory
which will be located near the North President Street extension and
will house 162 students, each unit will be a separate entity and
will contain its own individual facilities. Each unit will have a
lounge, with a large lounge connected to the housemother's
apartment, and concession machines will be available. Each
roonn will have its own heating and cooling control. Both dormitories
will contain apartments for housemothers. The modular type
dormitory has been researched and recommended recently
on an international scale.
Planned Estate Program
How to give more for less
By Barry Brindley
Director of Development
Not too many years ago, Howard
Gould died and left an estate of $64,-
000,000. Mr. Gould was the last sur-
viving son of the railroad tycoon Jay
Gould. Certainly, you might say, this
man must have had his financial af-
fairs in order. An individual of this
wealth would have had the best legal
and financial counsel possible.
The Federal and state estate taxes
on Mr. Gould's estate totaled over
$60,000,000, leaving less than $4,000,-
000 for his many heirs.
Perhaps this does not surprise you.
We are all conditioned to the fact
that our accumulated wealth will be
subject to considerable taxation.
The following case offers an inter-
esting comparison, however: Another
wealthy man, Vincent Astor, died in
1960. He left an estate valued at ap-
proximately $127,000,000. Out of this
vast fortune the Federal and state
tax collectors collected only $253,869.
How did he do it? How was Mr.
Astor able to conserve so much of his
wealth when Mr. Gould did not? The
answer is relatively simple. Mr. As-
tor had planned his estate so that
maximum advantage could be made
of the tax-saving methods which are
provided by our current laws.
In his will he left 61.5 million dol-
lars to his wife. This amount went
tax-free under the marital deduction
law. A similar amount, 60.5 million
dollars, went to the Vincent Astor
Foundation and several much smaller
charities— all untaxable. Some $5,000,-
000 went for debts, administration ex-
penses, and lawyers. All that was left
to tax was approximately $775,000.
I believe these two cases prove a
very dramatic point: Through proper
planning of one's estate, conserva-
tion of significant amounts of money
can be realized, thus insuring greater
financial security for family and loved
ones and at the same time providing
excellent methods for gifts to charity
and higher education.
You are probably saying at this
point, "This looks dramatic, all right,
but these two men were very wealthy.
What about smaller estates? Do the
same principles hold true?"
The answer, of course, is yes, un-
questionably yes. For example, an
estate of $250,000 could shrink as much
as $80,000, but with proper planning
this shrinkage could be cut by as
much as $40,000, thereby leaving $40,-
000 more for the family, a college, or
lesser amounts for both.
There are no gimmicks here, no
loopholes in the tax laws. The Fed-
eral government has provided the
framework for all of us to conserve
what wealth we have accumulated.
Unfortunately, not too many of us are
aware of ways to go about it. Few
people realize that through proper
planning they would be able, not only
to leave more money to their families,
but also to make significant gifts to
Millsaps College economically, either
now or in the future, in sums they
would not have thought possible.
A study of an individual's complete
financial picture often points out just
how a donor may make a sizable
gift to Millsaps without sacrifice o:
Millsaps has established a gift anc '
estate planning program in the sin
cere hope that the College can be o:
real service in this very importan'
area. We believe that when the fact;
are made clear, many of our friend;
will be able to sit down with their at
torney.s and devise estate plan;
which will save them many thousand;
of dollars It is our further hope tha
some of these savings will be sharec
with Millsaps College.
Large gifts are not made lightly
and those who plan to make substan
tial gifts to Millsaps must necessarilj
consider how such a gift will affeci
their own financial position. It is th«
purpose of our gift and estate plan
ning program to offer help in de
Estate planning and gift planning
have many advantages. Tax advan
tage and personal satisfaction rank a
the top of the list. According to Fed
eral tax law, a deduction is allowec
for contributions paid to certair
charities during the next year. Thi;
ruling states that among the quali
fled charities are organizations op
erated exclusively for "religious
charitable, scientific, literary, or edu
cational purposes." Further, undei
this law, an individual is allowed tc
deduct, for charitable contributions
twenty per cent of his adjusted gross
income, plus an additional ten pei
cent in some cases. These specia
cases include gifts to educational or
ganizations, hospitals, and churches
The effect of all this is that in most
cases the actual cost of any contribu
tion is almost always less than the
dollar amount donated.
Here is a realistic example: Ar
alumnus is single and in his middh
thirties. His adjusted gross income is
$10,000, with a taxable income of $8,
000. This man can give, under t h £
terms of the Federal tax laws, up tc
thirty per cent or $3,000 of his ad-
justed gross income of $10,000 to Mill-
saps and claim a charitable deductior
for the entire $3,000. Let us assume
that this man gives $2,000 to Mill-
saps. This will result in an income
tax saving of $600. The $2,000 gift to
Millsaps costs the donor $1,400.
The cost of the gift would be ever
lower if appreciated property, such as
stocks, were given instead of cash.
In this case, the donor would get
credit for a donation at the full
market value at the time of the gift,
he would not be subject to capital
gains tax, and the cost of the gift
would be the original cost of the
The following is an example of how
a properly planned estate, utilizing
a Charitable Remainder Trust, can
eventual!}' strengthen the work of
Millsaps CoUege: Alumnus Jones
will die leaving a net taxable estate
of $1,000,000. which represents about
fifty per cent of his gross estate. Nor-
mally, the Federal estate tax in such
a case would be about $325,700. How-
ever, by his will Mr. Jones planned
both for his wife's security and for
his Alma Mater by establishing a
testamentary charity trust, designat-
ing that his widow receive during her
lifetime the income from the entire
trust. At her death, the trust principal
wiU be given to Millsaps.
Assuming that Mrs. Jones is sixty-
five years old at the time that the
trust becomes effective, the estate
taxes are reduced from $325,700 to
$92,644 (based on the remainder in-
terest tables of the Internal Revenue
Service). This is a saving of $233,056,
which, when invested at four per
cent, will increase her annual income
by $9,322. She will thus receive $36,-
294 per year as opposed to the $26,972
that she would have received annual-
ly had she received the entire amount
To be sure, this is again a dramatic
example, but it bears repeating that
estate planning is beneficial for al-
most everyone. Persons with more
modest estates— say, $100,000 or more
— can benefit, too; and every person
should draw a formal will, the size
of his estate notwithstanding.
Anyone who is planning to make a
bequest to Millsaps, and who is not
now taking full advantage of the
charitable deduction allowed by law
on his annual income tax return,
should seriously consider anticipating
part of this bequest by making an-
nual gifts of cash or other property in
amounts that will utilize the deduc-
Opportunities and obligations for
greater service offer a tremendous
challtnge to Millsaps College. In or-
der to meet this challenge properly,
to take advantage of the opportuni-
ties, to accept the obligations, the
College must have the financial re-
sources. It is the sincere hope of the
Trustees, the administration, and the
faculty that a significant portion of
these needed financial resources will
come from gifts from our alumni and
friends — through well planned estates
remembering the College, from chari-
table trusts, and from outright gifts.
Events of Note
(Continued from Page 3)
dents who plan to attend graduate
school take the G.R.E. Thus, he said,
schools with a hundred biology majors
might have been represented on the
G.R.E. rankings by only a small per-
centage of the graduates.
Twenty-three of the twenty-four bi-
ology majors will attend graduate or
professional schools. The one who will
not is a housewife and mother who re-
turned to school to complete require-
ments for her degree but who will re-
sume her homemaking career.
SINGERS RECORD TOUR
A recording of the Singers' 1965
tour program of sacred choral music
is available on a long-play album.
The recording is on sale for $4.00
in the Music Hall and the Public Re-
It features the tour program pre-
sented by the 50-voice a cappeUa
choir last year in selected cities in
Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia.
Selections included are "I Will
Praise Thee, O Lord," Knut Nystedt;
"Lord, Thou Hast Been Our Refuge,"
Ralph Vaughan-Williams; "He Is The
Lonely Greatness," Arthur Benjamin;
"I See His Blood Upon The Rose,"
Arthur Benjamin; "On God And Not
On Human Trust," Johann Pachelbel;
"O Clap Your Hands," Ralph
Vaughan-WilUams; "O Lord God,"
Paul Tschesnokoff ; "Create In Me,
O God," Johannes Brahms; "Litany
for Easter," Gordon Young; "A v e
Maria," Sergei Rachmaninoff; "All
Breathing Life," J. S. Bach; "Yea,
Though I Wander," Schumann-P a u 1
Christiansen; "Benediction and
The Singers are directed by Leland
Byler, chairman of the music depart-
MATORS TO MEET MC
The Millsaps Majors and Mississip-
pi College will renew an old basket-
ball rivalry this year at the second an-
nual Magnolia Invitational Tourna-
Spxjnsored by the Jackson YMCA,
the tournament will be held December
7-8 at the Mississippi Coliseum.
Millsaps and MC will be paired for
the first game of the tournament for
their first meeting since the 1959-60
season. In the second game Belhaven
will meet last year's tournament win-
ner, the University of Southern Mis-
On the second night the losers will
play a consolation game at 7 p. m.
and the winners will meet for the
championship at 9 p. m.
Tickets for the tournament will be
on sale at appropriate places through-
out the city at $1.50 for reserved seats
and $1.00 for general admission for
The Major's basketball season will
begin on December 1, with the sched-
ule as follows;
D:?c. 1 Huntingdon Jackson
D->c. 3 U. of South Sawanee
D2C. 4 David Lipscomb Nashville
Dec. 7-3 Magnolia Tourn. Jackson
Dec. II Alabama College Jackson
Dec. 14 Southwestern Mamphis
Dec. 16 Delta State Jackson
Jan. 3 U. of South Jackson
Jan. 6 William Carey Hattiesburg
Jan. 8 Alumni Game Jackson
Jan. 15 Birmingham-Southern Jackson
Jan. 18 Belhaven (There) Jackson
Jan. 31 Univ. of Mexico Jackson
Feb. 1 University of Tampa Jackson
Feb. 5 Birmingham-Southern Birmingham
Feb. 8 Belhaven (Here) Jackson
Feb. 10 Huntingdon Montgomery
Feb. 12 Southwestern Jackson
Feb. 15 William Carey Jackson
Feb. 19 Alabama College Montevallo
Feb. 22 Delta State Cleveland
Feb. 25-26 Huntingdon Montgomery
Season tickets for the eleven home
games will go on sale on November
15 for $6.50 each. They may be pur-
chased through the offices of the Dean
of Students and Director of Athletics
and in the Business Office.
Elsewhere on the sports scene, only
two football games had been played
at press time. The Majors suffered
losses in both, but the coaches were
very well pleased with the showing
of the team. Athletic Director James
Montgomery said prospects for the re-
mainder of the season were quite
Mary Frances Angle, '62, to Fred-
eric Wright Vogler. Living in Caluire,
Susan Hart Brown, '56, to John Rob-
ert Donohue. Living in Hattiesburg,
Billy Lee Chambers, '63, to Donald
Lee Elrich. Living in Boulder, Colo-
Polly Elaine Commer, '65, to James
Edwin Holloway. Living in Clarks-
Barbara Earle Diffrient, '62-'65, to
Henry Glenmore Ecton, II, '64. Living
KatherLne Denham Egger, '65, to
Henry Melville Nicholson, Jr.
Maida Carolyn Fulgham to Joseph
Carroll Blythe, '61-'63. Living in New
Jodie Ann Garner to Robert Brinson
Martin, '55-'57. Living in Jackson.
Helen Garrison, '63-65, to John P.
Freeman, Jr., '64. Living in Clinton,
Cecilia Ridgway Gilliland, '55, to
C. Hervey Galloway, Jr. Living in
Sharon Elizabeth Graves, '63, to
Bruce Lanier Kolb. Living in Baton
Margaret Salena House to the Rev-
erend Julian Bailey Rush, '59. Living
in Fort Worth, Texas.
Marifran Kelly to Lt. Steams Ly-
man Hayward, '56. Living in Seattle,
Thelma Anna Koonce, '64, to Peter
Coddington Gerdine. Living at Chapel
Hill, North Carolina.
Elizabeth Ray Lackey to the Rev-
erend Edwin Winston Williams, Jr.,
'58. Living in Brevard, North Caro-
Carol Ann Lichtenstein to Dr. Mel-
vyn Elliott Stern, '56. Living at Luke
Air Force Base, Arizona.
Peggy Jean Lowry, '65, to John
Gordon Roach, Jr. Living in McComb,
Laura Dona McEachern, '65, to
John Seymour Clark, '65. Living in
This column is dedicated to the
memory of graduates, former stu-
dents, and friends who have passed
away in recent months. Every effort
has been made to compile an ac-
curate list, but there will be uninten-
tional omissions. Your help is solicited
in order that we may make the col-
umn as complete as possible. Those
whose memory we honor are as fol-
Odie L. Brooks, '29, who died Au-
gust 16. He lived in Lafayette, Louisi-
Mrs. Reuel Coleman, Whitworth,
who died April 30. She lived in Homer,
Jeff Collins, '08, who died in July.
He was a resident of Laurel, Missis-
A. L. Fairley, '02, who died Febru-
ary 21. He lived in Birmingham, Ala-
J. Clyde McGee, 'Dl-'03, who died
September 25. He was living in Jack-
Lucien W. Reed, '06-'07, who died
December 3. He was a resident of
Baldwin Edwin Shelton, '30-'35, who
died June 22. He lived in Marks, Mis-
The Reverend Robert E. Simpson,
'20, who died June 10. He resided in
Judge Oscar B. Taylor, '06, who
died September 20. He lived in Jack-
(Children listed in this column must
be under one year of age. Please re-
port births promptly to assure publi-
Sarah Ann Bowman, bom June 17
to Mr. and Mrs. Howard K. Bowman,
Jr. (Sarah Frances Clark, '47), of Or-
Mary Alison Boyd, born April 20 to
Dr. and Mrs. George W. Boyd. Dr.
Boyd, currently on leave, is chair-
man of the English department. Dede,
12, and Andy, 9, are the other Boyds.
Elizabeth Porter Chapman, born'
August 14 to Mr. and Mrs. Billy K.
Chapman (Betty Gail Trapp, '58), otj
Houston, Texas. Laura, 3, was de-
lighted with her baby sister.
Timothy Thomas Cherry, born July
7 to Captain and Mrs. Billy O. Cherry
(Shirley Stoker, '59), of Smyrna, Ten-
nessee. Charlotte Gail, 2, greeted her,
Elizabeth Gibbs Coleman, bom July
18 to Mr. and Mrs. Irwin W. Cole-
man, Jr. (Frances Thompson, '52-'54),
of Mobile, Alabama.
Kenneth Ray Devero, II, born Junei
4 to Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth R. Devero
(Miriam Jordan, '63), of Newbem,
Kelly Love Dickson, bom October
10, 1964, to Mr. and Mrs. R. Peyton
Dickson (Eugenia Kelly, '57), of Ya-
zoo City, Mississippi. She was wel-
comed by Rhuel, Jr., 2"?^.
Clyde Beaman Edwards, III, bom
May 31 to Mr. and Mrs. Clyde B. Ed-
wards, Jr. (Yvonne Moss, '57), of
Ann Elizabeth England, bom March
22, to Mr. and Mrs. James J. Eng-
land (Virginia Anne Hughes, '51), of
Jackson. She was greeted by Jed, 7,
and John, 3.
Eric Gale Hendee, born August £
to Dr. and Mrs. William R. Hendee
(Jeannie Wesley), '59 and '60, of Den-
ver, Colorado. He was welcomed by
Kyp, 4%, and Shonn, 2.
Elizabeth Jeter, bom on July 26 to
Dr. and Mrs. Marvin H. Jeter, Jr.
(Betty Dribben), '58 and '60, of Jack-
son. Marvin, III, 3, greeted the new-
Brent Lyttleton Johnson, Jr., bora
January 3 to Mr. and Mrs. B r e n 1
Johnston (Cynthia DuBard), '60 anc
'62, of Jackson.
Sandra Markham McNeill, b o r r
May 12 to the Reverend and Mrs. Mel-
ton McNeill, of Atlanta. Mr. McNeill
graduated in 1959.
Olive Olivia Moore, bom January
12 to Mr. and Mrs. John D. Moore
(Bethel Lou Saxton, '60), of Benton
Thomas Bradley Parker, born No-
vember 19, 1964, adopted by Mr. and
Mrs. Thomas Parker (Mary Ruth
Brasher), '54 and '53-'54, of McComb
Mississippi. He was greeted by Brian,
Patricia Thomas Powers, b o r r
June 1 to Mr. and Mrs. Hyde Powers
(Frances Fitz-Hugh, '56), of Colum-
bus, Mississippi. Older sisters are
Mary Chris, 6, and Margaret Leigh,
A long feature story in an August
;dition of the Madison County Herald
;Canton, Mississippi) related some of
he highlights of the life of Magruder
Pearce, '01. Mr. Pearce's parents
ived in Honduras, and he spent much
)f his life in business enterprises
ness in Washington, D. C, W. I.
Peeler. '29, has been active in the
promotion of an Eye Bank. Both he
and Mrs. Peeler are active members
of the organization, having willed
their eyes to the Bank. Mr. Peeler
serves as district governor of Lions
International in Kosciusko.
here, including raising cane for and
nanufacturing sugar, banana raising
md exporting, and mahogany log-
ging. Mr. Pearce now resides in
^^anton with his daughter and her
amily and spends much time in keep-
ng up with the local, state, and in-
Shervert Hughes Frazier, '12 - '13,
;fclebrated the anniversary of fifty
,'ears in the Christian ministry in
luly. Mr. Frazier now resides in Mar-
Forty-seven years as an active Mis-
sissippi Methodist minister ended for
;he Reverend N. J. Golding, '17, when
IS retired in July. Members of the
First Methodist Church in Greenville
lonored Dr. and Mrs. Gelding at a
aanquet at which they were presented
iifts of appreciation. Dr. Golding also
retired from his position as a mem-
Der of the Millsaps Board of Trustees.
Having retired as minister of evan-
gelism for First Christian Church in
Houston, Texas, Dr. James Sandlin,
'21-'22, is devoting his energies to
writing. Underway is an account of
tiis years of service to the ministry,
entitled The Musings of a Parson. Al-
so scheduled is a novel. Dr. Sandlin
resides in Greenville, Texas.
Now residing in Kosciusko, Missis-
sippi, following his retirement three
years ago from the dry cleaning busi-
The Mississippi State Building Com-
mission has employed Robert S. Simp-
son, '30, as a full-time associate edu-
cational faculties specialist. He is re-
sponsible for the inventory of build-
ings, room utilization surveys, assist-
ing with the filing of HEFA applica-
tions, preparation of biennial budgets
and legislative requests, and prepa-
ration of reports on building needs.
He served as superintendent of the
McComb, Mississippi, city schools be-
fore accepting his present position.
Mrs. Robert M. Hederman, Jr.,
(Sara Smith, '32) has been named to
the board of commissioners of the
Mississippi Library Commission. List-
ed in "Who's Who of American
Women" and "Who's Who in the
South and Southwest," Mrs. Heder-
man participates in many cultural,
civic, and educational endeavors and
has served as director of Belhaven
College's Workshop for Dynamic Liv-
ing. Her husband is the publisher of
the Jackson Clarion-Ledger and Daily
News. They have four children.
The Meridian, Mississippi, Public
Library has appointed Mrs. Roy P.
Henderson (Adomae Partin, '33) to
the position of children's librarian.
Mrs. Henderson taught English seven
years before entering children's li-
brary work. She is active in a num-
ber of civic and cultural organizations
Having served as administrative of-
ficer of the American Embassy in An-
kara, Turkey, for the past several
years. Harris Collins, '36, has been
appointed director of the Office of the
Budget of the Department of State.
His new residence is Chevy Chase,
Gulf Oil Corporation has transferred
Mr. and Mrs. George Voorhees (Phyl-
lis Matthew, '37) to Pittsburgh. Their
daughters — Mary, Sylvia, and Rosa-
lyn — all attend North Allegheny High
School. The family attends Ingomar
Methodist Church, which was estab-
lished in 1837.
Additional appointments made at
the Conferences of the Methodist
Church in Mississippi in June include
the following: The Reverend W. A.
Pennington, '59, now pastor of the
Lyon Methodist Church; the Rever-
end Archie Leigh Meadows, '38, pas-
tor of the First Methodist Church in
Greenville; the Reverend Norman U.
Boone, '33, pastor of Central Method-
ist Church in Meridian; the Reverend
John H. Millsaps, '50, pastor of the
First Methodist Church in Baldwyn;
and the Reverend James McCafferty,
'47, pastor of the Leland Methodist
After completing six years as a Dis-
trict Superintendent, Dr. Donald
O'Connor, '39, has been appointed
pastor of the First Methodist Church
in Long Beach, California, by Bishop
Gerald Kennedy. Mrs. O'Connor is the
former Ollie Mae Gray, '39.
A series of lectures was delivered
at the University of Mississippi in
August by Dr. O. D. Bonner, '39,
chairman of the department of chem-
istry at the University of South Caro-
lina. He visited Ole Miss under the
auspices of the National Science
Foundation summer institute for sec-
ondary school teachers.
Gordon Marks & Company of Jack-
son has named Larry G. Painter, '41,
to the position of executive vice-presi-
dent. He returns to Jackson from New
"Vork City, where he was senior vice-
president of Palmer, Willson and Wor-
den. Sutton Marks, '48, president of
Gordon Marks & Company, made the
announcement of Mr. Painter's ap-
John Nicholson, '37-'38, was named
Man of the Year by the Life Under-
writers Association of Mississippi last
summer for his outstanding contri-
bution to the profession. He received
the Certified Life Underwriters des-
ignation in St. Louis in September.
A new book by Pulitzer Prize win-
ner Dr. David Donald, '41, has been
published by the Louisiana State Uni-
versity Press. The Politics of Recon-
struction consists of three lectures
presented by Dr. Donald at LSU as
Walter Lynwood Fleming lecturer.
Harry C. Black Professor of Ameri-
can History at the Johns Hopkins Uni-
versity, Dr. Donald is the author of
five books and the editor of two oth-
It was Millsaps reminiscing time at
William Beaumont General Hospital
in El Paso when General Robert E.
Blount, '28, discovered that Major
Herman F. Zimoski, Jr., '38-'41, was
the son of former coach Herman Zi-
moski, Sr. General Blount remem-
bered the major, who was on two
weeks of active duty with his Re-
serve unit, as the mascot of the Ma-
jors during the 20's. One of the games
they recalled was the Millsaps-Uni-
versity of Miami clash on New Year's
Day in 1927, which Millsaps won 27-0.
In the game the late Potts Boswell,
'26-'29, '30-'31, described as "a pon-
derous tackle," ran eighty yards to
score on a recovered fumble. The
single Millsaps student rooter to ac-
company the team was Heber Lad-
ner, '29, now Secretary of State of
Dr. Jean M. Calloway, '44, spent the
summer in Kenya working with the
ESI Mathematics Workshop. His as-
signment was writing new mathemat-
ics for Africa. Dr. Calloway is Olney
Professor of Mathematics at Kalama-
zoo College in Kalamazoo, Michigan.
Taking a leave of absence from the
Board of Missions, the Reverend D.
A. Reily, '44, has been appointed to
the Rex Methodist Church near At-
lanta. He began graduate work in
church history at Emory this fall.
Mrs. Dorothy Eady Brown, '46, has
been appointed to the library staff of
Florida Southern College as head of
reader service. She has held sev-
eral library positions since receiving
the Master's degree in library sci-
ence from Florida State University.
Lamar Life Insurance Company has
appointed A. B. Magee, '49, group
manager on its home office staff in
Jackson. Mr. and Mrs. Magee have
When Dewey Buckley, '50, received
his Ph.D. degree from Tulane Uni-
versity last spring, Belhaven College
(where he is chairman of the depart-
ment of language) issued a news re-
lease listing his "firsts": first person
to earn a Ph.D. in classical lan-
guages at Tulane; first public school
teacher in recent history of the state
to obtain teaching certification in
Greek; and first French teacher at
Jackson's Provine High School. Dr.
Buckley joined the Belhaven faculty
In August Don R. Pearson, '51, was
transferred from the J. C. Penney
Company of Fort Lauderdale, Flori-
da, to the J. C. Penney Company of
West Palm Beach, Florida, where he
serves as manager. Mrs. Pearson is
the former Betty Jo Davis, '51. The
couple have five children: Don, Jr.,
Brooks, Kathy, Annette, and Melissa.
Recent recipients of advance de-
grees include Mary Sue Robinson, '51,
who earned a Master of Arts degree
from Harvard; and Holland Cornelius
Blades, Jr., '64, who received a Mas-
ter's degree in business administra-
tion from the University of Southern
Mississippi. Mr. Blades has been
named an instructor in economics and
business administration at Auburn
Reading Unlimited, a project of
Educational Development Laborator-
ies, is directed in Clemson, South
Carolina, by Mrs. S. D. Seymore (Bet-
ty Russell, '54), a reading consultant
for EDL. The program aims at in-
creasing speed, vocabulary, and com-
prehension. Mrs. Seymore has had
several years of experience in public
school teaching and private tutoring
President-elect of the Mississippi
Conference on Social Welfare for 1965-
66 is Tom O. Prewitt, Jr., '56. Mr.
Prewitt, who received his Master's
di-gree in social work from Florida
State, works with the Department of
Public Welfare in Jackson. Mrs.
Prewitt is the former Patricia Mor-
gan, '53-'54. Tommy, 6, and Susan, 3,
ccmplete the family.
Lt. Steams L. (Terry) Hayward,
'56, is presently stationed at Sand
Point Naval Air Station in Seattle,
Washington, where he is the ground
control approach officer and a heli-
copter pilot. Mrs. Hayward is the
former Marifran Kelly. Lt. and Mrs
Hayward were recently married in i
formal military ceremony in the sta-
Glenn Wimbish, '57, was associate
director of the National Science Foun
dation's summer institute in compu
ler science and related mathematic;
at the University of Oklahoma las
summer. He is an instructor and ad
ministrative assistant to the chair
man o^ the department of mathemat
ics at Oklahoma this year. He is com
pleting work on his dissertation. Mrs
Wimbish is the former Evelyn God
The Air Force Commendation Meda
has been awarded to Captain Russel
H. Stovall, '58, for "meritorious serv
ice as Chief, Aeromedical Service.,
The citation stated, "Captain Stovall';!
outstanding professional skill, knowl
edge, and leadership were prime in
struments in achieving total missio;
support of the flying program durin,'
periods of manpower shortages an(
the establishment of the 834th Air Di
vision at England Air Force Base
Louisiana." He is now engaged in ,
four-year residency in eye, nose, am
throat at Henry Grady Hospital i
Atlanta. Mrs. Stovall, the forme
Mary Charles Price, '59, is employe
by Shell Oil Company.
Dr. Fred A. Murphree, '58, has oper
ed an office for the practice of denti;
try in Okolona, Mississippi. He rf
ceived the Doctor of Dental Surger;
degree from the University of Ter
nessee in March.
The Methodist Church of Clearw£
ter, Florida, seems to be destined t
be served by men who are graduate
of both Millsaps and Emory and f
thers of twins. The Reverend Warre
Hasson, '58, succeeded the Reveren
Robert Earl Gorday, '52, when Mi
Gnrday was transferred to the Metb
odist Church in Crystal River, Flor|
da. Mr. Wasson graduated from Emcj
ry in 1958 and has three-year-ol
twins. Mr. Gorday graduated fror!
Emory in 1956 and also has twins.
Clyde V. Williams, '59, has been ap
pointed promotion manager of th
Louisiana State University Press. H
has served as an instructor of Enf
lish at LSU for the past four year!
and will receive the Ph.D. degree i
English literature and Russian his
tory from LSU in January.
The Mississippi State Board of
lealth has appointed Dr. John
Hampton Miller, '59, director of the
lealth departments in Grenada, Tal-
ahatchie, and Yalobusha counties.
3r. and Mrs. Miller (Clarice Townes)
«id their son John, 20 months, are
■esiding in Grenada.
A research botanist assigned to the
ropical terrain research detachment
)f the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers
(Vaterways Experiment Station, Wil-
iam N. Rushing, '60, is doing re-
search on environmental conditions
3s they affect military operations in
Puerto Rico. Mr. Rushing supervises
a staff of ten in the study.
Ray Ridgway, '61, has accepted a
position as teacher and coach at Mont-
gomery Bell Academy in Nashville.
He and Mrs. Ridgway (Selma Earnest,
'60) are living in Franklin, Tennes-
Mr. and Mrs. Bill Baker (Nancy
Dimshee, '61) are living in Tullahoma,
Tennessee, where Mr. Baker is an
aerospace engineer with ARO, Inc.
r.atest addition to the family is Stev-
en Goodman, born August 28, 1964,
and named for his godmother, Mrs.
W F. Goodman (Marguerite Watkins,
'17-'18), associate professor of Eng-
lish at Millsaps.
A one-year internship at North Car-
olina Memorial Hospital at Chapel
Hill was begun in July by Dr. Peter
Dorsett, '61. The 420-bed institution is
the teaching hospital for the Universi-
ty of North Carolina School of Medi-
cine. Dr. Dorsett was a '65 graduate
of the University of Mississippi Medi-
A Ph.D. degree in psychology has
been awarded to Cecil A. Rogers,
Jr., '61, who has accepted a post at
the University of Arizona. He will
continue his research in the areas of
human factors and acquisition and re-
tention of verbal and muscular re-
sponses, with emphasis on culturally
established habits. Mrs. Rogers is the
former Floyce Ann Addkison, '60.
The couple has a four-year-old daugh-
Bonnie Burford, '63, graduated with
a Master's degree in library science
from Louisiana State University in
August. She is now on the faculty of
the University of Alabama as a li-
brarian in the science library.
Having recently received his dis-
charge from the Navy, Dr. Don New-
comb has opened an office for the
practice of dentistry in Yazoo City,
Mississippi. Mrs. Newcomb is the for-
mer Emily Lemasson, '62.
Scheduled to serve as assistant di-
rector of the first fall production of
The Institute for Advanced Studies in
the Theatre Arts is Eugene Coullet,
'62, who is doing graduate work in
theatre at the University of Denver.
The Institute imports guest directors
from around the world to stage
American versions of their countries'
greatest plays. The Institute se-
lects an outstanding potential director
to assist the visiting professional.
Dr. James Burke Martin, '58-'60, re-
cently opened a medical office in Mc-
Comb, Mississippi. He completed his
internship at John Peter Smith Hos-
pital in Fort Worth, Texas. Mrs. Mar-
tin is the former Nancy Beth Loper,
Millsaps' leading light in the golf
world, Mary Mills, '62, ranked seventh
in tne nation among women golfers at
the end of September. She won two
tournaments this summer and has
totaled approximately $12,000 in win-
nings for the year.
WUlard S. (Billy) Moore, '62, a
graduate student at Lamont Geo-
graphical Observatory of Columbia
Lniversity, spent two months this
summer cruising the Mediterranean,
North Atlantic, and Iceland waters
on Columbia's research vessel. The
Robert D. Conrad. His special geo-
chemical research project involves
the examination of factors controlling
solution at various ocean depths: test-
ing sediments through the use of ra-
dium isotopes and tracing the move-
ment of these sediments from one
layer to another in an effort to de-
termine, among other things, why
the radium time scale for ocean mix-
ing is longer than the carbon-14 scale.
Hf will continue his studies and re-
search leading to the Ph.D. at Co-
lumbia under a working fellowship
Having received the D.D.S. degree
from the University of Tennessee this
fall, David BeUew, '59-'61, is sched-
uled to enter the service at Fort Bliss
in El Paso, Texas, early in Novem-
ber. He will serve a two-year term.
I\Irs. B e 1 1 e w is the former Judy
Slade, '59-'61. The Bellows have two
sons, Dave, 3, and Mike, six months.
(Continued from Page 20)
Sara Beth Mclnnis, '63, to David Le-
roy Allen. Living in Memphis, Ten-
Patricia Ellen Mcintosh, '65, to
James Larry Ludke, '64. Living at
State College, Mississippi.
Frieda Amanda Majors, '64, to
Richard Allen Crow. Living in Natch-
Henrietta Rehfeldt Minor, '63-'65, to
William Truett Burnham, Jr. Living in
Eleanor Sue Sanders, '58-'60, to
Gibson Roland Sims, '61-'62, '63-'64.
Living in Jackson.
Carolyn Patricia Stames, '59-'62, to
Roy Thomas O'Shields. Living in
Barbara Tate, '64, to Robert James
Jepsen, Jr. Living in Tunica, Missis-
Maria Vallas, '61, to John Carnes
Stephens, Jr. Living in Newport News,
Bettie J. Williams, '62, to Richard
C. Austin. Living in Uniontown,
Elaine Witcher to John T. Rush,
'60. Living in Sherman Oaks, Cali-
fornia, where Mr. Rush is associate
minister of the Methodist Church.
Lynda Jean Yarborough, '64, to Lt.
Richard Wallace Giard. Living in
Beverly Sue Young " to Howard
Charles Langford, Jr., '58-'59. Living
Please list below the names and
addresses of students who are good
prospects for Millsaps College.
Mail to Director of Admissions
Jackson, Mississippi 39210
The Alumnus in:
Maddox, '56, helps
to spread the word
about Millsaps College