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Full text of "Major Notes"

nifljofi noT-ES 



millsaps college 
alumni news 

winter, 1965 




i^ 



js«pW»S»**t 



al Issue: 
ical Science 
lillsaps 



litical Intern: 
d Reynolds 




iiifljofi noTts 

millsaps college alumni magazine 
winter, 1965 



MERGED INSTITUTIONS: Grenada 
College, Whitworth College, Millsaps 
College. 

MEMBER: American Alumni Council, 
American College Public Relations As- 
sociation. 



CONTENTS 

3 Graves Named President 

4 Numbers Count in Politics 
8 Trends in Political Science 

10 Multiple Exposures 

12 Political Intern 

14 History Through a Live Mike 

17 Events of Note 

19 Major Miscellany 

22 Columns 

23 In Memoriam: Professor Haynes 



One 



Volume 6 



January, 1965 



Number 2 



Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson, 
Mississippi. Entered as second class matter on Oc- 
tober 15, 1959, at the Post Office in Jackson, Mis- 
sissippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 



Shirley Caldwell, '56, E ditor 

James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni 
Association 



Photo Credits: Covers, Pp. 12-13, P. 14, P. 16— Jim 
Lucas, '66; Pp. 3, 11, 18— Ernest Rucker, '68. 



:> 



A /J /J /I /I ^p Since the last edition of Major Notes reached 

J_ VJLCt ry J you we have seen an ending and a beginning 

^-^ , , in time, and Millsaps College has seen an end- 

I tPlH/lini/l '"^ ^"'' ^ beginning in its history. 

\^ LJ 1 1 ll\J If I Benjamin Graves has been named the seventh 

X president of the College, succeeding Homer 

Ellis Finger, '37, who was elected to the episcopacy of the Metho- 
dist Church in July (see story on Page 3). 

It was in 1938 that Dr. Marion Lofton Smith, a clergyman, 
succeeded Dr. David Martin Key, a layman, as president of Mill- 
saps College. Now Dr. Graves, a layman with experience in busi- 
ness and industry as well as the classroom, succeeds Dr. Finger, 
a clergyman. Thus the balance between lay and clerical leader- 
ship which has been maintained through the years emphasizes the 
joint partnership between the church and the lay community in 
the nurture and support of Millsaps College. 

The changes which the years always bring can be expected to 
accelerate in the future. The year 1965 and the years to follow it 
will see higher education, along with all of the elements of our 
society, caught up in these changes. Committed churchmen who 
believe that Christian higher education can best lead men out and 
that Christ is the Lord of change will serve at Millsaps and will 
give the new president strong and enlightened support in the great 
task which faces him. 

• Interesting and somewhat startling statistics have been released 
by the Ford Foundation concerning one of the world's most press- 
ing problems — the population explosion. 

Since 1954, Foundation officials report, the world's population 
has increased by 600 million people, the equivalent of the combined 
population of the United States, all of South America, and the 
Soviet Union. In the United States, problems of air pollution, edu- 
cational facilities, urban deterioration, and the quality of modern 
life in general have been intensified by the growing population, but 
in the poorer two-thirds of the world it hangs like a spectre over 
every human being. 

According to the Foundation, the hard facts of economic de- 
velopment and the compound interest of human fertility combine 
to frustrate hopes for a better life. Food production and industriali- 
zation in some of the newly developed countries have increased 
significantly but gains in per capita income have been minimal. 
More people are surviving, but often under such wretched condi- 
tions that existence has little meaning. 

• This year's alumni program continues the imaginative approach 
to alumni responsibility maugurated last year. Known as the Grass 
Roots Program, it is built around a plan which takes alumni and 
administrative officials in force to localities inside and outside the 
State of Mississippi. The meeting features brief talks by officials, 
followed by a question-answer session. When possible, outstanding 
student groups furnish entertainment. Occasionally key business 
and professional men are invited to luncheons as a "friend-raising" 
gesture. A special feature of the Millsaps Day in the community 
selected is the organization of a Key Man Committee composed 
of alumni and friends who agree to represent the College in their 
home towns in varying areas of concern such as public information, 
fund raising, extracurricular interests, recruiting, et cetera. 

O Despite continuing difficulty in scheduling opponents with simi- 
lar standards in athletics, prevailing sentiment among administra- 
tors and faculty athletic committee members at Millsaps strongly 
favors strengthening of the current college program of intercol- 
legiate athletics. 

Officials agree with Elton Trueblood, of Earlham College, that 
intercollegiate athletics, in its proper relationship to scholarship, 
gives needed balance to campus life. j j. l. 




President Graves, second from left, 
chatted with student body officers on 
one of his early visits to the campus. 
From the left are Gary Fox, presi- 
dent of the student body; Dr. Graves; 
Kathy Khayat, treasurer; Jeanne Bur- 
net, secretary; and Gerald Jacks, 
vice-president. 



Benjamin Graves 
Is New President 

Board Chooses Educator with 
Background in Business for 
Top Post 



i\n "Ivy League quality in a Christian atmosphere" 
for Millsaps is the goal of Millsaps' new president, Dr. 
Benjamin B. Graves. 

Dr. Graves, occupant of the Milner Chair of Indus- 
trial Economics in the School of Business at the Univer- 
sity of Mississippi, was named the seventh president 
of Millsaps on December 19. He will serve as acting 
president until June 1, when he will begin a full four- 
year term. 

Announcement of his appointment to the post was 
made by the Millsaps Board of Trustees. It was the 
culmination of months of interviews by a special selec- 
tion committee composed of representatives of the 
faculty, the Board of Trustees, the Associates, and the 
Alumni Association. The committee was headed by Nat 
S. Rogers, president of the Board. 

Dr. Graves succeeds Homer Ellis Finger, Jr., who 
was elected a bishop in the Methodist Church in July 
after twelve years as Millsaps' president. 



A native Mississippian, Dr. Graves has also taught 
at Louisiana State University, advancing from the rank 
of part-time instructor to assistant professor in the 
three years of his association with the university. In 1962 
he became an associate professor at the University of 
Virginia, remaining there until last August, when he 
moved to the University of Mississippi. 

Dr. Graves was for a number of years associated 
with Esso Standard Oil Company in staff and advisory 
capacities in Baton Rouge and New York in the fields 
of employee relations and personnel management, busi- 
ness and cost analysis, purchasing and public relations. 

A 1942 graduate of the University of Mississippi, 
where he held a college record for quality points earned 
in one semester's work, Dr. Graves received the Mas- 
ter's degree in business administration from the Har- 
vard Graduate School of Business Administration and 
the Ph. D. degree from LSU. 

He is the author of several articles which have ap- 
peared in Louisiana publications. He assisted in the 
production and editing of a documentary film which was 
one of three American films winning awards at the 
Venice and Edinburg film festivals in 1955. Entitled "The 
Pirogue Maker," the film was produced by Standard 
Oil Company. 

A Methodist, Dr. Graves was vice-chairman of the 
Official Board of University Methodist Church in 
Baton Rouge. He is currently a member of University 
Methodist Church in Oxford. 

He held offices in the Chamber of Commerce and the 
United Givers Fund in Baton Rouge. 

During World War II he served in the Navy. He 
was a member of the Naval Reserve until 1955, when he 
resigned with the rank of lieutenant commander. 

Born in Soso, Mississippi, Dr. Graves, 44, is mar- 
ried to the former Hazeline Wood. The couple has three 
children, Benjamin, Janis, and Cynthia. 



Political Science at Millsaps 



NUMBERS CO 



The Second Revoh 



By Gordon G. Henderson 



L_7omething has been happening to the study and 
teaching of political science in recent years. That "some- 
thing" is important enough to be described as a revolu- 
tion. It is most certainly not just a fad. Nor is it merely 
an academic plaything of interest only to teachers in 
their ivory labs. It has left its mark on those perhaps 
closest to politics: the professional politician. What that 
something is and why it is important is what this article 
is all about. 

Actually there are two revolutions, products of the 
same set of intellectual influences, perhaps, and related 
in a fashion, but separable phenomena nonetheless. The 
first of these revolutions is what may be called a be- 
havioral (as opposed to a traditional) emphasis. The 
very word "behavioral" is for some in the profession a 
very dirty word indeed. But like it or not, those in the 
political science profession today must be aware of this 
development even if only to be able to say why they do 
not think much of it. Those who reject behavioralism in 
toto are few in number. More common are those who do 
not think enough of this approach to the analysis of poli- 
tics to deal with it in their own teaching and study of 
politics. As a whole the profession has accepted this de- 
velopment, at first somewhat grudgingly but now fairly 
wholeheartedly, as one may readily see simply by read- 
ing the professional political science journals. 

What is the argument between the behavioralist and 
traditionalist all about? Books could be written (books 
have been written) about what the behavioralist believes 
and why he is disenchanted with the old ways of study- 
ing and teaching about politics. He feels that the tradi- 
tionalist, with his emphasis on institutions, on constitu- 
tions, on laws and organization charts and structures, 
on the more "formal" element of politics (the behavioral- 
ist might say on the "formalities" of politics), is ignor- 
ing the most important element in politics: Man! Prob- 
ably most of us have suffered through a high school 
civics course in which the powers and operations of 
legislative bodies and city councils and similar institu- 
tions of government were described. On this kind of 
study the behavioralist is likely to heap scorn. He insists 
that the traditional study of politics concentrates en- 



tirely too much on mere description, and assumes (often 
incorrectly) that political institutions such as legislative 
bodies actually operate the way the civics textbooks say 
they are supposed to. The professional politician, the be- 
havorialist would say, could give you an earful about 
that fallacy. His major points of criticism, then, of the 
old ways of teaching and study of politics are twofold: 
the behavioralist insists that these old ways study the 
wrong thing, that the heart of scholarly study of politics 
ought to be on what political institutions really do, how 
they really operate, rather than on how they are sup- 
posed to behave; and secondly, the behavioralist re- 
minds us that man is at the heart of all political activity. 
"Ours is not a government of laws," says he; "no gov- 
ernment can be. What we can and do have is a govern- 
ment of men under laws." To restore man to politics, 
then, remains a cardinal aim of the behavioralist. 

The Ph. D. candidate at a university that reflects 
the behavioral orientation to politics is as likely to study 
where first- and second-grade children get their beliefs 
about politics, or study the linkage between public opin- 
ion and the members of a legislative body, as he is tc 
study the organization of the U. N. General Assembly or 
the implementation of the 24th Amendment to the U. S, 
Constitution. (And even so, the last two mentioned sub- 
jects could be so organized as to lend themselves to a 
behavioral analysis; the result, however, would look 
quite different — the problems posed and the evidence 
sought after perhaps strikingly different — from the 
kind of analysis that the student would do if he handled 
the subjects in the traditional way.) 

If the behavioralist has any motto to guide him it is 
surely this one of two parts: One part says, "Things are 
not what they seem." The other says, "Only men dc 
things." 

Enough for the moment on the traditionalist versus 
behavioralist conflict. Behavioralism has made its im- 
print on the study and teaching of politics and, while it 
is far from being accepted by all who teach and study 
politics, its mark on the discipline of political science 
is unmistakable. This the literature and subject matter 
of the profession clearly attest. Courses in college de- 



}T IN POLITICS 



In Political Science 



ILLUSTRATED BY DAVID COLLINS, 



partments of political science now exist that were un- 
heard of only a generation ago; public opinion, voting 
behavior, small group behavior, elite structure, decision- 
making theory, and dozens more could be found in a 
quick survey of college catalogs. And of course there is 
a vast and important literature on these and like sub- 
jects. Even the newspapers, which cannot be said to be 
always quick to recognize change, in fact recognize this 
revolution every time they print an analysis of congres- 
sional voting behavior or the latest public opinion polls. 

The behavioral revolution in political science is now 
about a generation old and in tiiis time has "arrived," 
so to speak. The second revolution is much newer (it is 
scarcely more than ten years old) and has yet to win 
full acceptance within the profession. This second revolu- 
tion we may call the "revolution of numbers." When 
someone in the profession thinks of the behavioral em- 
phasis he is likely to think of the Survey Research Cen- 
ter of the University of Michigan. When he thinks of this 
second revolution, he is likely to think of different in- 
stitutions and different people, places such as the Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Carnegie In- 
stitute of Technology, and people like Professor William 
Riker of the University of Rochester and Professor Her- 
bert Simon of the Carnegie Institute. 

Those who are in the forefront of this second revolu- 
tion would have students of politics place increasing em- 
phasis on formulating questions about politics so that 
they can be answered with numerical evidence. This 
emphasis promises to have as great an effect on the 
discipline of political science as the behavioral revolu- 
tion has had in its way, although exactly what effect 
this change of direction and emphasis will have on the 
discipline is not exactly clear even to those who urge 
it on. At the least it promises to do two things: As it 
moves forward it will require the students of the subject 
to master certain quantitative techniques. (Even now it 
is virtually impossible to read the journal of the Ameri- 
can Political Science Association unless one knows at 
least some elementary statistics. And there are many 
books on a variety of political subjects that cannot be 
read except by those who have even more knowledge 



Ulllffi 




Dr. Gordon G. Henderson 

THE AUTHOR 

Major Notes owes a deep debt of gratitude to Dr. Gordon Hender- 
son, chairman of the political science department, who came through 
in a big way when asked to help with this issue on political science. 
All of the articles in the political science section were written by 
Dr. Henderson. 

He has been a member of the faculty since 1962. He holds the 
Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts, and Ph. D. degrees, all from 
Columbia University. He has taught at Middlebury College (Ver- 
mont), The City College of New York, and Rutgers University. 



Political Science at Milhaps 



of mathematics and/or statistics than this.) This second 
revolution also guarantees excitement! Some of the 
studies in existence that rely entirely on mathematical 
formulations and techniques have let us see things about 
the political process that were only vaguely suspected 
before. A case in point is the use of one mathematical 
theorem to demonstrate how an astute parliamentarian 
can maneuver a legislative body to defeat a measure 
for which there is majority support in a body that is 
governed by majority vote. It would take most of this 
magazine to explain fully the technique required to 
bring about this situation, but let it be said here that it 
involves laying before the group three alternative pro- 
posals, or more, chosen or designed to guarantee that 
no one of the proposals can muster a majority behind 
it. Nor is study of this kind mere abstruse, impractical 
theorizing about an unreal world. In at least one occas- 
ion of major importance, the Federal Aid to Education 
Act of 1956, the device was used to defeat the legislation 
before the House of Representatives. Yet one wonders 
exactly how many members of the House knew what 
was being done to them! 

Some examples will serve to show the kinds of ques- 
tions that appear to be readily answered by resort to 
counting operations of various kinds. These examples 
will also serve to illustrate to what extent such analyses 
have already found a place in the study of politics. 

Election returns have for decades been of interest 
to students of politics. Part of the reason for this con- 
tinued interest in them is doubtless no more than a 
general curiosity about "what the election means," an 
interest every American seems to be born with. Then, too, 
it is usually easy to get hold of election returns, and the 
very accessibility of them to most students of politics 
doubtless accounts in part for the attention paid to them. 
Whatever the reason for the interest students have shown 
in them, election returns continue to be subject to many 
kinds and levels of analysis. Analysis which seeks to 
show after each election how various groups within the 
electorate voted — labor, Protestants, farmers, Negroes, 
various age groups, businessmen, and so on — are now 
a staple of the political literature, so much so indeed 
that your daily newspaper is bound to contain a number 
of such analyses after each major state or national 
election. 

The range of skill which is brought to analyses of 
election returns can only be described as considerable. 
Some analyses are pretty pedestrian, cut-and-dried af- 
fairs; others show a good deal of clever handling and 
sophistication in the use of statistical methods. Fortun- 
ately the latter kind are becoming more common, though 
not, it must be noted, common enough to drive out the 
first kind. 

Because election returns are expressed in numerical 
form, they early caught the eye and attention of stu- 
dents of politics interested in quantitative analysis. In 
recent years some excellent studies have appeared which 
show the variety of treatment which election data can 
be subject to, and how much information election re- 
turns contain that must remain hidden from anyone who 
does not have the required statistical tools to dig it out. 



Among the studies which deserve mention are two by 
the late V. O. Key, Jr., one on Southern politics and the 
other on American state politics, and one by Paul Lazar- 
sfeld on voting behavior in a presidential election. The 
works of Key are particularly notable for containing 
some ingeniously devised charts, tables and computations 
that could well serve to persuade any Doubting Thomases 
of the contribution a grasp of statistics can make to the 
student of electoral behavior. 

Sophisticated though some of this kind of analysis 
is, it is doubtful that anyone has mined the field of elec- 
tion returns for all it can yield. To cite just one instance, 
a discovery of a few years back, it has been found that 
there is an apparent equality between the ratio of votes 
in a two-party election and its cube as the ratio of con- 
tested seats won by the two parties. This relationship, 
be it noted, appears to hold whether one is speaking of 
elections in this country, in England, or New Zealand, 
the three countries in which the formula has been tested. 

Other areas of political behavior in which the evi- 
dence takes the form of numbers, and which have long 
attracted the attention of some students of politics, are 
legislative voting and "voting" by judges in a multi-mem- 
ber court. In both instances the overall interest of stu- 
dents is the same: to try to discover whether the mem- 
bers of the body being studied, a legislature or a court, 
tend to divide consistently into identifiable groups. This 
kind of analysis is done through a study of roll-call 
votes, and this of course limits the analysis to bodies in 




"What this second revolution promises to do is to lead 
students of politics to lean more heavily on mathematics 
than they have in the past . . ." 



6 



which, at least in some appreciable number of instances, 
votes are recorded for every member of the body. In the 
main this has meant that this kind of study is limited 
to Congress and most state legislatures; in the case of 
courts, it is limited to the U. S. Supreme Court and the 
handful of state supreme courts in which the voting 
records of justices in cases are a matter of public rec- 
ord. Using this kind of analysis, one hopes to be able to 
identify the groups into which the body being studied 
tends to divide, and, if these groups tend to shift from 
decision to decision, then to explain why these shifts oc- 
cur. Going somewhat deeper into the matter, one may 
then be able to say something about the leadership of the 
body, the pressures the members tend to respond to, the 
presence or absence of cohesion and the reason for that 
presence or absence, and about other matters that pat- 
terns in legislative or judicial voting behavior may be 
taken as evidence for. 

While election returns and roll call votes provide 
much of the raw material for statistical and mathe- 
matical analysis, they are by no means the only data 
in the study of which statistics and mathematics are 
useful. Neither do the kinds of operations just described 
exhaust the list of mathematical or statistical tools 
which have proved useful to those interested in quanti- 
tative measurement. 

In analysis of power structures and in small decision- 
making units, such as a subcommittee of Congress or 
the Security Council of the United Nations, some stu- 
dents have used what is called the Shapley-Shubik index 
of voting power, an index based on the number of times a 
given member's vote is pivotal. In some areas of de- 
fense and election strategy, other students have found 
game theory relevant in at least a modest measure. 
Still other students, faced with what looks like a nearly 
unmanageable aggregate of data, have turned to com- 
puters for speed, accuracy, and depth of analysis. No- 
table among the many kinds of analysis are those de- 
vised by a group of faculty members at the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology. One piece of work done by 
the MIT group (whose project is know as the "Simul- 
matics Project") was predicting the outcome of the 1960 
presidential election. A multitude of influences were in- 
troduced into the program representing both voter types 
and issues, thus making it an example of the kind of 
research that is feasible only if one has access to a com- 
puter. 

As observed earlier, the use of mathematics in the 
study of politics is a fairly recent development, but al- 
ready it has proven its value in at least a limited way. 
Its promise is far from fulfilled. This does not mean, 
however, that we may expect any time soon either that 
mathematics and politics will become united disciplines, 
or that we may expect mathematicians as such to make 
good students of politics. What this second revolution — 
here called the revolution of numbers — promises to 
do is to lead students of politics to lean more heavily 
on mathematics than they have in the past in cases in 
which the problem being investigated shows promise of 
being suitable for subjection to mathematical treatment. 
There seems to be little danger that a "cart before the 
horse" situation will arise. Students of politics seem in 
no danger of defining problems simply because they can 
be dealt with by the tools of mathematics and statistics. 
The latter clearly are tools for the student of politics, 
no matter what they may be to the mathematician. 




"... the behavioralist reminds us that man is at the 
heart of all political activity. 'Ours is not a government 
of laws,' says he; 'no government can be. What we can 
and do have is a government of men under laws.' To 
restore man to politics, then, remains a cardinal aim 
of the behavioralist." 

"Major Victor Joppolo, U. S. A., was a good man. 
You will see that. It is the whole reason why I want you 
to know his story." Thus does John Hersey begin his 
study of the politics of getting a bell for Adano. There 
will always be good (and bad) men whose encounters 
with pHDlitics need telling. There are many ways in which 
such stories may be told, and the astute political novel 
is not the least of them. The lessons of politics are many 
and seem to require perpetual re-learning. We dare not 
exclude any possible avenue of learning them. Too often 
the novel and even the bizarre of yesterday have be- 
come the old hat and second nature of today. Mathe- 
matics and statistics may seem like unlikely tools to ad- 
vance the condition of political knowledge, as unlikely 
perhaps as that every home of tomorrow should have ac- 
cess to a built-in computing center as today it has access 
to the electric power station. But merely because either 
possibility may seem remote is not reason enough for 
counting either of them out. 



Political Science at Millsaps 



Trends 
In 

Political 
Science 



A brief look at studies 
discussed at the Conference 
on Mathematical 
Apphcations in 
PoUtical Science 



In July Dr. Gordon Henderson attended the Confer- 
ence on Mathematical Applications in Political Science 
on the campus of Southern Methodist University. Spon- 
sored by the National Science Foundation, it lasted ten 
days. There were thirty-three participants and some ten 
lecturers. The purpose of the conference was to bring 
the political scientists up to date on how mathematics 
and statistics are being used in the study of politics, a 
concept which Dr. Henderson described in the preceding 
article. 

A number of studies were discussed at the confer- 
ence. Some of them are described by Dr. Henderson as 
follows: 



^ Harold Guetzkow is a professor of psycho- 

logy, political science, and sociology at North- 
western University. His first love is inter-na- 
uon simulation. One of his projects is to gather 
a large group of people in a simulated situa- 
tion such as people in a foreign office are in in a time of 
crisis. He then feeds them information to see how they 
react to it. Sometimes the situations are drawn from 
history — for example, the situation in foreign offices 
in the leading nations of the world immediately before 
the outbreak of World War I. The object in a simulation 
such as this is to see how the people representing, say, 
Germany, the United States, and Great Britain will 
react, the decisions they will make, whether for example 
they will decide to go to war as the actual nations did 
in 1914. 

In some of his simulations he has gone so far as to 
persuade large numbers of diplomats representing var- 
ious countries in Washington to come to Northwestern 
University for a long weekend and participate in a 
project of this kind. In other projects he has used high 
school students, and in many he has used college stu- 
dents, mainly because they are near at hand. 

In all of this what he has been trying to find out is 
how such factors as information, decision-making pro- 
cess, personality characteristics, and so forth affect 
the decisions that are made. In one interesting project 
all of some 1200 letters, notes, and memoirs written by 
the leading participants in the governments of Western 
Europe immediately before the outbreak of World War I 
were carefully examined and phrases such as "I am 
concerned about" or "I am hesitant about" or " I am 
worried about" were carefully noted. Then the partici- 
pants in a simulation project were hypnotized and Pro- 
fessor Geutzkow and his assistants would say to them, 
"You are worried about such and such, now what is 
your decision on this?" in order to see whether this 
mood or feeling of the decision-maker would have a 
material effect on the decision he would make. 



2 Professor Sidney Ulmer, who was the main 

conference lecturer, dealt extensively with bloc 
or cluster analysis of judicial and legislative 
bodies. This is an area where mathematics and 
statistics are extremely useful and much good 
work has been done revealing significant characteristics 
of legislative and judicial bodies that one could scarcely 
know about unless one used mathematical and statistical 
analysis. Most work in this area has concentrated on the 
United States Supreme Court and a few state courts, such 
as the Supreme Court of Michigan, which are like the 
United States Supreme Court in many important respects, 
mainly in function and stability. 

We hear much talk about the liberal and conservative 
wings of the Supreme Court, but such vague labels are 
not terribly helpful to understanding clearly the influ- 
ences that seem to shape the decisions that come out of 
the internal decision-making processes of the court. Bloc 
analysis by identifying the blocs (and there are often 
more than two) is very helpful to understanding what 
the significant forces are that operate on the court. The 
same is true of legislative bodies; here, too, we hear 
much about certain blocs — the farm bloc, the labor 
bloc, the Northern Republican-Southern Democratic coali- 
tion in Congress, liberals and conservatives, and so on. 
But without a close bloc analysis of a body such as 
Congress we would not know much about cohesion, the 
factors that promote cohesion among each bloc, the 
issues on which the bloc seems to operate most effective- 
ly — that is, to stick together best — and so forth. 

Much of the work that has been done on bloc analy- 
sis of both courts and legislatures, frankly, has been 
shoddy, but within the last three years or so a number 
of really quite simple yet at the same time sophisticated 
techniques or analyses have been devised, and at this 
conference these were spelled out for us and their use- 
fulness demonstrated. 



One of the most interesting of the lectures 
was on voting behavior in a legislative body. 
This lecture demonstrated beautifully how 
something could be known about politics only 
through the use of mathematical analysis. It 
dealt with what is called in mathematics the "Arrowian 
Theorem." Briefly what is involved here is the analysis 
of a device which under certain circumstances a legisla- 
tor or group of legislators may use in order to prevent 
a body from reaching a decision. I will not bother to in- 
dicate all of the conditions that must be present to guar- 
antee success for such a maneuver, but I will say that 
it involves putting three alternatives before a legislative 
body which are tied together in some fashion, as for ex- 
ample a bill — alternative number one — with two 
amendments proposed — alternatives number two and 
three. This is a situation which often exists in legislatures 
— two amendments to a bill is not at all an uncommon 
situation — and yet there is no doubt that in many, many 
instances in legislative bodies members of the legisla- 
ture have not been able to figure out why it is that when 
a bill was presented for passage with two amendments 
proposed it was impossible to obtain a majority for any 
one of the three alternative choices. The Arrowian Theo- 
rem demonstrates how a situation could occur and shows 
clearly why it would be that it would be quite impossible 
under the circumstances for the legislature to reach any 
decision. 



— Another special lecture dealt with the author- 

ship of certain disputed Federalist Papers. Us- 
ing a number of statistical techniques, includ- 
ing a procedure known as Bayes Theorem — a 
technique the worth of which is disputed by 
some classically oriented statisticians — the attempt was 
made to assign authorship to each of the disputed papers. 
I won't go into details on this; the effort was reported in 
the New York Times and a thoroughly comprehensive 
report on the work was given in an article that appeared 
in the Journal of the American Statistical Association. 



Dr. Henderson concluded by giving his impressions 
of the conference: "In the first place it offered 
definite evidence for something that has been obvious 
for several years, and that is that increasingly students 
of politics are finding it necessary to use quantitative 
techniques in order to find out what it is they want to 
know about political life. This is a trend which is well 
underway and which is bound to continue. One of the 
best things about the conference was that there was 
absolutely no one there who was in love with quantita- 
tive techniques for their own sake. All of these people 
had discovered in their own way that in order to get an 
answer to a question about politics that was bothering 
them, they simply had to turn to available quantitative 
procedures. Even more than this, the people at this 
conference were highly experimental and devised their 
own techniques of analysis to suit their own needs. This 
is most encouraging, for it indicates that among the pro- 
fession of political scientists there are at least some 
people who are willing to be daring and experimental in 
their handling of political data. The results that they 
have achieved through their daring, at least so far as 
this is evidenced by the conference, is impressive. 

"The second and last thing which was impressive 
about the conference was what some of the lecturers 
told us about what they and others were doing to intro- 
duce mathematical and statistical analysis into the col- 
lege curriculum to all students, not just the selected 
few political science majors in their colleges who were 
interested in such things, but to, say, all the students in 
the freshman year taking political science. Some of the 
measurement techniques which were illustrated at Dal- 
las we are introducing into the American government 
course at Millsaps this year. Some of them are very 
simple but produce important information. The student 
that we get, therefore, should not only be able to use 
them but to find it worthwhile to do so because he will 
find out something about political behavior that he 
wouldn't otherwise. 

"I think it is perfectly clear that increasingly anyone 
who wants to understand what is going on in politics — 
even if he does little more than read a daily newspaper- 
is going to have to learn something about these quantita- 
tive techniques. Already polls and pollsters appear more 
and more in the newspapers and they become as indis- 
pensable to an understanding of politics as is a very 
general understanding of what the Constitution pre- 
scribes. This I think ^we will see a great deal more of in 
the future, and if we, particularly at the college level, are 
to turn out students who are able to understand politics, 
we are simply going to have to give them the tools that 
everybody else is using to analyze politics." 



9 



Political Science at Millsaps 



Multiple Exposures: 

A Way to Learn 



A Memo to the Dean 

To: Dean Laney 

Re: Programs in Politics 

From: G. Henderson 



This is a report on various programs in politics 
operated by the department of political science. In pre- 
paring this report I have had the help of three Millsaps 
students who have participated in these programs: Glenn 
Abney, David Reynolds, and Stan Taylor. 

The Washington Semester Program: Millsaps has 
long participated in this program in cooperation with 
the American University in Washington, D. C. In fact, 
I believe that Millsaps was one of the colleges that 
founded the Washington Semester Program. At any rate, 
today Millsaps is one of about forty colleges and univer- 
sities participating, and we are entitled to send two 
students each fall semester. 

Under the program, one hundred five students, ap- 
proximately, from colleges in every part of the United 
States study in Washington, D. C, for one semester, 
usually during the student's junior year. 

The value of study under this program is consider- 
able. Students see government in action; they do indivi- 
dual research of a kind that brings them into direct 
contact with persons in and out of government; and they 
meet students from across the nation. 

The series of seminars which students attend and 
which leading participants in government and politics 
are invited to address give the students a chance to hear 
and talk to major figures in government and politics. Last 
semester, for example, students in the program attended 
seminars addressed by, among others, Leon Keyserling, 
former Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers; 
Paul Rand Dixon, Chairman, the Federal Trade Com- 
mission; Eric Goldman, Special Assistant to the Presi- 
dent; William Taylor, General Counsel, the Commission 
on Civil Rights; Stewart Udall, Secretary of the Interior; 
Anatol Dobrynin, Ambassador of the USSR; Justices 
William O. Douglas and Hugo L. Black; Chief Judge 
David L. Bazelon; Burke Marshall, Assistant Attorney 
General; Congressman Clarence Brown; Speaker of the 
House John McCormack; Senator Sam Ervin; Congress- 
man Tom Sneed; Congresswoman Edith Green; James 
R. Hoffa and James Carey. 

Many persons in government today were once them- 



10 



selves participants in the Washington Semester Program. 
In part because these people remember their own days 
in the program, and in part because the program has 
had a long record of success and has earned the respect 
of many people in national government and politics, 
students find that many doors in Washington are open 
to them simply because they are participants in the 
highly respected Washington Semester Program. 

There is some danger at this moment that Millsaps 
next year will be voted out of the program. The rules 
established for participation say that any institution 
which does not send students to participate for two con- 
secutive years shall be dropped. Our record of participa- 
tion in recent years has been poor, with the result that if 
we do not send students next year we will be dropped 
from the program. A major reason that our students have 
not been going lately is money. Both last year and this, 
students who would like to have gone did not do so be- 
cause of financial reasons. Unless something can be done 
for the scholarship student who would like to go (and 
some of our best students are scholarship students) Mill- 
saps will, as of the end of this academic year, find it- 
self unable to send any more students to participate in 
the Washington Semester Program. 

The Mississippi Legislative Intern Program: In 
February of last year this department inaugurated the 
"Mississippi Legislative Intern Program." 

This program is designed to take advantage of the 
fact that Millsaps is located in the capital city of the 
state. Students thus are afforded a unique opportunity 
to study the making of public policy first-hand. 

A student enrolled in this program serves as an 
aide to a member of the Mississippi Legislature for one 
semester during a regular legislative session. He works 
with the legislator to whom he is assigned at a variety 
of tasks, which may include research, writing, marking 
up of bills, and so on. 

In the spring semester of last year, two Millsaps 
students participated in this program. Both served as 
aides to individual senators and also to Senator George 
Yarbrough, the President Pro Tem of the Senate. They 
also worked on the drafting of legislation under the 
supervision of the Revisor of Statutes, Mr. Hugo New- 
combe. Both Senator Yarbrough and Mr. Newcombe 
gave generously of their time to help the students be- 
come better acquainted with the legislative process. 



As with any new program a number of kinks showed 
up in this first trial. The experience this first time 
clearly showed the desirability of students' getting to 
know the working of both chambers of the Legislature, 
and for the students participating to have frequent op- 
portunity to discuss with each other what they are doing. 
Committees in the Mississippi Legislature, as in most 
legislative bodies in this country, are the heart of the 
legislative process. Student interns could provide a valu- 
able service to committees, and learn much at the same 
time, if they worked closely with a particular commit- 
tee; that would also make the Intern Program a better 
program. 

Special Lectures: In this department we are deeply 
interested in seeing that no opportunity to give our stu- 
dents a first-hand acquaintance with the process of state 
government be overlooked. The development of the Mis- 
sissippi Legislative Intern Program was the natural 
expression of this interest, just as our membership 
in the Washington Semester Program demonstrates our 
interest in seeing that students have a chance to see the 
operation of the national government at first-hand. But 
programs like this are limited to a small number of 
students. What of the student who cannot participate? 
We recognize the value to him of taking as close a look 
as possible at the operation of state government and 
are trying to do something for him by asking various 
participants in state government and politics to deliver 
lectures in their special areas of competence to the stu- 
dents enrolled in our course in state and local govern- 
ment. The response to requests made recently to various 
persons in government and politics to participate in this 
new venture has been excellent: No one has refused. The 
upshot is that during the second semester students tak- 
ing the state and local government course will hear 
lectures given by the lieutenant governor, five elected 
department heads, a few federal officials located in 
Jackson (the head of the Jackson office of the F. B. I. 
has agreed to come), and major figures in political 
parties and pressure groups. 

One of the things that makes teaching and study of 



politics in Mississippi most attractive is the willingness 
of people in government and politics here to take time 
from their busy schedules to cooperate in an undertak- 
ing like this. Our students benefit enormously from this 
kind of cooperation. 

The Political Archives: While talking to people can 
be an excellent way to learn about politics, it can never 
be more than a supplement to learning about govern- 
ment by studying the records of the activity of govern- 
ment. Among the records of greatest use are such things 
as election returns, budget and finance reports, annual 
reports of various agencies and offices of government, 
the journal of both houses of the Legislature, and so 
on. Unfortunately students face problems of two kinds in 
using these materials. Often it is difficult to know what 
records are available, and then it is often hard to get 
hold of records even if you know they exist. 

This year we are making a modest effort to ease 
these difficulties. Our collection of materials on Missis- 
sippi government is poor. It must be expanded greatly. 
Only in the area of election returns is the collection ade- 
quate. It is probably the most complete collection 
of data on Mississippi elections since 1890 to be found 
anywhere. It is true that we cannot turn whole classes 
of students loose on these returns (there is only one copy 
of them), but they can be made available for individual 
research when there are no more than one or two stu- 
dents working on a particular project which requires 
access to these returns. 

As for the other problem — knowing what is avail- 
able in the way of records of state and local government 
activities — this semester we intend to prepare, with the 
cooperation of Miss Charlotte Capers, the State Archivist, 
a guide to periodical publications of the State of Missis- 
sippi. This, when completed, will contain (we hope) a 
complete listing of such documents with appropriate no- 
tations of the frequency of publication, the issuing of- 
ficer, and a description of the contents. No such guide 
exists at present and such a guide, when complete, 
should be an invaluable aid to anyone doing research 
which requires using official state publications. 




The political science department 
plans to work with the State Depart- 
ment of Archives and History in pre- 
paring a guide to periodical publica- 
tions of the State of Mississippi. Neil 
Folse, assistant professor of political 
science, looks over material with Mrs. 
W. O. Harrell (Laura Satterfield, '34), 
research assistant in the department 
of archives. 



11 




Political Science at Millsaps 



POLITICAL I 



On-The-Scene Student of Politic 



David Reynolds, of luka, Mississippi, 
students in the Legislative Intern Progra 
Dr. Henderson. He revisits the scene of h 
for MAJOR NOTES. 




Informal chats with members of Mississ 
provided David with insight into political 






"N 









:rN: 



Millsaps' first 

i last year by 

political study 




David looks out over the now empty — temporarily — Senate Chamber. The possibility that 
he might one day occupy one of the seats is not remote. 



mmj' 



'i% 




taking body 
I the state. 



The Capitol's library was a ready 
source of political material. 



Much of David's work at the Capitol involved re- 
search for the Senators. 



13 




Political Science at Millsaps 

History 

Through A Live Mike 



In which the entire staff of the new oral history project inter- 
views himself about the project. 



By Gordon G. Henderson 



14 



INTERVIEWER: Since nothing has been written about 
the oral history project before, would you tell us 
what exactly it is? 

MR. HENDERSON: It's a project I have had in mind 
for some time. I have discussed it with a number of 
people, but until this year I have not done anything 
really to get it off the ground. 

As to what it is, the words themselves are very de- 
scriptive. It's a project designed to record the his- 
tory of significant events of our generation. It is dif- 
ferent from usual historical writing in two respects: 
It is history written exclusively by those who parti- 
cipated in or have first-hand Itnowledge of the events 
themselves, and it is history written by talking into 
a tape recorder. 

INTERVIEWER: Does this mean that anyone using the 
materials gathered will have to listen to the tapes? 

HENDERSON: No indeed. In fact, it is likely that no one 
will have access to the tapes but me. We intend to 
make a transcript of the tape and submit it to the 
person making the tape and let him have a chance 
to edit it for any gross errors he might have made 
because at the time he made the tape he did not 
have a clear recollection of some particular point, 
or did not have notes at hand to refresh his memory. 
Not making the tapes available will, I think, drive 
psychologists frantic! They would be very much in- 
terested in slips of the tongue and things like that, 
things that could only be known by listening to the 
tapes themselves. These will not show up on the 
typed transcripts. But psychologists will just have to 
fret. We are interested in candor and accuracy and 
we feel it is necessary to offer the person making the 
tape an opportunity to make changes in what he said 
into the recorder when candor and accuracy would 
seem to make that necessary. 

INTERVIEWER: Who will be able to use these record- 
ings or transcripts? 

HENDERSON: As I said, I am the only one who will 
have access to the tapes. As for the typed transcripts, 
anyone with a legitimate scholarly interest in the 
subject matter will have access to them, within cer- 
tain limitations which may be laid down by the per- 
son making the tape. 

INTERVIEWER: What kind of limitations? 

HENDERSON: We want the fullest possible and the 
most candid interview, and since this may well mean 
having the interviewee comment on persons and 
events near at hand and "sensitive," we know it is 
reasonable for the person making the interview to 
request either that nothing in the interview or may- 
be certain parts of it not be made public for a period 
of years. A second kind of limitation we will honor 
is that the transcript be made available to someone 
only after the person making the interview has given 
his consent for that person to use it. 

What we want is for the person making the tape 
to feel free to say what he wants to say without any 
hesitation, and we are more than willing to meet any 
requirements he may want to lay down on the use 
of the transcript. 

INTERVIEWER: How many persons have been inter- 
viewed so far? 

HENDERSON: As of now, January 1, 1965, exactly none! 
We have secured agreement to participate from sev- 
enteen persons and expect to make a start on five 
of these interviews by the end of the month. 



INTERVIEWER: Who are some of the people who have 
agreed to do this? 

HENDERSON: That I won't tell you now. For one thing 
we have not asked everybody we want to ask yet and 
if I gave you anyone's name now, someone we have 
on our list to ask in the next few months might feel 
hurt that he wasn't asked first! 

I will say that every one of the people who has 
agreed to participate is very well known. They are 
all the kind of people whose names are familiar to 
everybody and get in the paper a lot. 

INTERVIEWER: How soon can we expect to find out 
who is participating? 

HENDERSON: I don't expect to have any transcripts 
completed and ready for use at least until the sum- 
mer, and maybe not even then. I'd say it might be 
as much as a year before we have any sizeable col- 
lection of oral history memoirs ready for use. 

INTERVIEWER: How long do you expect the project 
to take? 

HENDERSON: Forever! An oral history project should 
be a continuing thing, taking form and direction from 
the unfolding of events themselves. As for immediate 
plans, I have a list of about ninety people to ask. all 
of them active and important in political and gov- 
ernmental affairs. That should keep me busy for a 
couple of years! 

INTERVIEWER: How do you select the persons to be 
interviewed? 

HENDERSON: At the moment we use two criteria. First, 
the person must have been a major participant in 
political events. Second, he must be a recognized 
figure of some importance in an event, or he must 
have had some kind of connection with the event 
(though not actually a participant in it) so as to have 
information that we think would be valuable to have 
in our oral history of the event. 

INTERVIEWER: Has anyone refused to participate? 

HENDERSON: So far the opposite has been true, and 
the experiences of oral history projects at other uni- 
versities would suggest that this would be generally 
true. Most people who are asked to "take mike in 
hand" agree readily. For one thing I think they can 
see the importance of doing this; I think they are 
interested in seeing that future generations have a 
complete and accurate history of the great events 
of our times. Many of them doubtless have thought 
about sometime setting down something — in a 
memoir, a book, articles — about the events in which 
they played a part, and I think they see the oral his- 
tory project as a chance to do just this with a mini- 
mum amount of effort on their part. For some of 
them, I know — they have told me this — our ask- 
ing them to participate in the oral history project 
has given them just that little push that was needed 
to make them do something they have at times 
thought they should and would like to do anyway. 

INTERVIEWER: Then I take it you are pleased with 
the cooperation you have received. 

HENDERSON: Indeed I am! At least two of the people 
who have agreed to participate have offered to let 
us have documents, notes, memoirs, tape recordings 
and so on to go along with the tape recordings they 
make. I think we are on the way to having shortly 
a first-rate collection of materials on Mississippi 
politics. 



15 




Delegates listen intently to a point of order question. 



Political Science at Millsaps 



Mock Conventions— 
Another Teachins Aid 




Arizona delegates lead demonstration. 



16 




wtw$ 




dDI 


Wi 


m 


■^^^^£-.. ■-'-"■^^f^ 



Goldwater backers cheer for candidate. 




This year's convention was the first Republican rally stage 
Millsaps. Party not in power is chosen. Left: Demonstration mate 
lie in readiness for nominating address. , 



Events of Note 



PRESIDENT WELCOMED 

Things reached the point this year 
that faculty and staff members were 
about ready to prepare a statement 
with which they would answer tele- 
phone calls and greet visitors. It 
would have said, "No, I don't know 
who the new president will be, and 
no, I don't know when he will be 
named." 

Not that the strongly evident in- 
terest in the future of Millsaps was 
not appreciated; it was. But every- 
one was glad when the day finally 
came that the answer could be, first, 
"We'll know Saturday," and then "Dr. 
Benjamin B. Graves." 

There was no doubt in anyone's 
mind that here indeed was a matter 
of utmost impMDrtance to Millsaps Col- 
lege, but the campus functioned so 
smoothly under the Laney-Christmas- 
Wood regime that College personnel 
were sometimes amazed at the ur- 
gency to know conveyed by others. 

Details of President Graves' back- 
ground are given elsewhere in this 
issue. He is welcomed to the campus 
for more reasons than one. 

ALDERSON WINS HONOR 

Richard Alderson, baritone, instruc- 
tor of music, was named Singer of 
the Year for the Southern Region of 
the National Association of Teachers 
of Singing in competition in Novem- 
ber. 

Alderson was to represent the South- 
ern Region in national competition to 
be held in Minneapolis December 27- 
30. A cash award in the amount of 
$1,000 will be given to the first place 
winner in Minneapolis, with other 
awards designated for the next three 
winners. 

National winners will also be given 
an opportunity to audition for the Me- 
tropolitan Opera Company, the Lyric 
Opera Company of Chicago, and the 
San Francisco Opera Company. 

MISS WELTY LECTURES 

No more prestigious affair has ever 
been held on the campus than Eudora 
Welty's winter address as Writer-in- 
Residence. 

I A near-capacity audience gathered 
to hear the internationally famous 



author speaker on the subject "The 
Southern Writer today: An Interior 
Affair." 

Commenting that Southern writers 
are "on call to be crusaders," Miss 
Welty stated that they will continue 
to do what all good writers have al- 
ways tried to do: write honestly and 
with love. 

"As far as writing goes," she said, 
"which is as far as living goes, hate is 
a deadly emotion. . . .We in the South 
are being hated today and we may 
hate back. This is devastating .... 
It could kill us. We must write in 
love." 

Miss Welty's complete address will 
appear in a future issue of Harper's. 
She will deliver another address on 
the campus in the spring. 

NSF GRANT RECEIVED 

A National Science Foundation re- 
search grant has been awarded to 
Rondal Bell, chairman of the biology 
department, for continuation of work 
begun at the Institute of Arctic and 
Alpine Research last summer. 

Bell attended the Institute at the 
University of Colorado under the au- 
spices of a similar grant. 

The research involves taxonomic 
studies of various species of ground 
squirrels by use of electrophoresis of 
their sera. 

The largest part of the grant will be 
applied by Bell directly to his project. 
A specified amount will be used by 
the College either in further support 
of the research or in other ways con- 
tributing to the strengthening of 
science education at IMillsaps. 

REQUIREMENTS RAISED 

Minimum grade level for the Dean's 
List has ben raised from 2,0, or B, to 
2.25. 

The faculty has also approved a 
change in requirements for graduating 
cum laude and magna cum laude, ef- 
fective last spring. To graduate cum 
laude a student must have an aver- 
age of 2.25 rather than 2.00, and to 
graduate magna cum laude a student 
must maintain a 2.70 average rather 
than 2.6. 

Officials said the reason for the 
change is to restore the distinction 
and honor to being named to the 



Dean's List or graduating cum laude 
or magna cum laude. Minimum en- 
trance requirements at Millsaps have 
been raised, which has in turn raised 
the ability level of the student body. 

DUREN FUND ESTABLISHED 

A loan fund has been established by 
an alumnus who has distinguished 
himself as a Methodist minister, an 
editor, and a biographer in the 62 
years smce his graduation. 

.Millsaps officials have designated 
the fund The William Larkin Duren 
Loan Fund in honor of the establisher. 

The loan fund will be available to 
any student who "gives strong 
evidence that he will be a credit to 
himself and his college," according 
to sUpulations of the contract. 

Dr. Duren, now a resident of New 
Orleans, made the initial contribution 
to the fund. He is a 1902 graduate of 
Millsaps. 

The loans will be repayable to Mill- 
saps at 3^r interest per annum. Re- 
payment of the loans may begin as 
late as two years after leaving Mill- 
saps. 

Dr. Duren earlier had presented the 
books from his personal library to 
the Millsaps-Wilson Library. 

Listed in "Who's Who in Metho- 
dism," Dr. Duren is a former editor 
of the New Orleans Christian Advo- 
cate, which served Mississippi Metho- 
dists before the Mississippi Methodist 
Advocate was established. He also 
served as pastor in the North Missis- 
sippi Conference of the Methodist 
Church. 

He is the author of Charles Betts 
Galloway: Orator, Preacher, and 
Prince of Chjistian Chivalry; Francis 
Asbury: Founder of American Metho- 
dism; The Top Sergeant of the Pio- 
neers (biography of Jesse Lee); and 
The Trail of the Circuit Rider. 

In establishing the fund Dr. Duren 
stated, "I hope in deepest sincerity 
that loans from the Fund may be a 
means of arousing the creative genius 
in many young men for years after 
my body has returned to dust." 

He said that he chose Millsaps as 
the school at which to establish the 
fund because "in addition to its being 
the logical place for such a loan fund 



17 



I have chosen it deliberately because 
of what it has meant in my own life." 
Officials stated that it was anticipat- 
ed that friends of Dr. Duren would 
like to make contributions to the 
fund in his honor. 

MEMPHIS MEETING HELD 

A dinner meeting for persons in the 
Memphis area interested in Millsaps 
College was held on December 7 at 
St. John's Methodist Church. 

Representing Millsaps at the meet- 
ing were Dean Frank Laney, Dr. R. 
H. Moore, and James J. Livesay. Al- 
so appearing on the program were 
the Troubadours, this year's version 
of the 14-member ensemble which 
toured Europe last spring for the USO. 
The Troubadours, who are all mem- 
bers of the Concert Choir, were in 
Memphis with the choir for an ap- 
pearance with the Memphis Sym- 
phony. 

Dr. W. F. Murrah served as chair- 
man of the Memphis meeting, with 
the Reverend Roy C. Clark acting as 
co-chairman. Committee members 
were Mrs. Hattie H. Boone, Dr. and 
Mrs. Dean Calloway, William J. Cros- 
by, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph McCool, and 
William Wofford. 

MARINE AQUARIUM ADDED 

A marine aquarium has been added 
to the list of teaching tools in the bio- 
logy laboratory, partly because "the 
strange animals of the sea are still 
relatively mysterious to the scientific 
world." 

Jim McKeown, instructor of biology, 
says that very little is known about 
the life, habits, and diseases of salt 
water fish. 

But the principal reason for Mc- 
Keown's aquarium is purely utilitar- 
ian: it provides living organisms for 
study in place of preserved ones. The 
trend to the study of living organ- 
isms is noted throughout the biology 
department, with a new greenhouse 
providing material for the botanists. 

For example, in freshman biology 
labs sea urchins are injected with a 
substance which causes them to re- 
lease gametes. Students are able to 
observe the fertilization of eggs and 
the early stages of development. 

McKeown's aquarium is filled with 
animals with such descriptive names 
as sea horses, flamingo scallops, sea 
urchins, star fish, coral fish, red 
sponge, organ pipe coral, cluster 
coral, elk's horn coral, and brain 
coral. 

Many of them would not be recog- 
nized as animals by the average per- 



son. Many look like plants, and al- 
most all are exotically beautiful — 
another raison d'etre for marine 
aquariums. 

The sea fan, for example, is a wis- 
py and intricately designed animal 
which looks like a lacy fan. Organ 
pipe coral looks more like a stone 
than an animal. Sea urchins look like 
extremely spiney flowers. 

The favorites of most people, Mc- 
Keown says, are the sea horses. As 
the small animals moved effortlessly 
through the water, McKeown called 
attention to the fact that they change 
color. One swam near a cluster of 
white coral and turned white — not 
completely white, but enough so that 
he was camouflaged against the coral. 

The marine aquarium calls for more 
than ordinary care, however. The tank 
can contain no metal parts. There 
must be good filtration and good light 
and the temperature level must be 
kept between 70° and 85°. A special 
size of sand must be used in order to 
keep the particles from clogging the 
sub-sand filter. And, of course, the 
tank must contain salt water. 

"Marine organisms are very sensi- 
tive to change in salt concentration," 
McKeown says. "The water must be 
kept at a constant level to keep the 
salt concentration equal." 

McKeown says he uses a synthetic 
salt water mix, which is less expen- 
sive than transporting water from the 
coast. While saltiness is the primary 
characteristic of sea water, it con- 
tains many other minor elements 



which are necessary for marine life. 

One other requirement was listed 
by .McKeown: care must be taken not 
lo 'nclude natural enemies. 

The Millsaps scientists have made 
one discovery: The octopus cannot 
as yet adapt to tank life. They re- 
quire more room and will die if con- 
fined to a tank. 

And, McKeown says, observations 
such as this can be valuable. That's 
why he would like to see marine 
aquariums become as popular as 
fresh water tanks. 

NEW GREENHOUSE BUILT 

Latest addition to the campus is a 
greenhouse which will be valued at ap- 
proximately $10,000 when fully stock- 
ed. 

Financed in part with funds from a 
National Science Foundation grant, 
its primary purpose is to grow plants 
for botany classes. It is also being 
used for faculty and student research 
projects. 

The greenhouse is located just west 
of Sullivan-Harrell Science Hall. 

It is divided into two units. One is 
used for foliage plants and one is set 
up for growing non-foliage or flower- 
ing plants. The difference in the two 
units is a matter of temperature and 
shade. Foliage plants require warm- 
er temperatures and heavy shade. 

The shade is provided by a white- 
wash solution. The glass frames in 
the building have been covered with 
varying thicknesses of the mixture. 

The two units are further divided 




MARINE AQUARIUM: Animals which don't look like animals are charac- 
teristic. The aquarium provides living organisms for use in laboratory study. 



18 



into sections. A propagating section 
is covered with plastic to keep the 
moisture content high. A ground bed 
has been filled with tropical plants. 
In the flowering unit sections are de- 
voted to hydroponics — a method of 
growing plants in solution rather than 
in soil — and sand cultures. 

The greenhouse is equipped with an 
automatic thermostat and an automa- 
tic ventilation control. 

SINGLETARY APPOINTED 

A Millsaps College graduate has 
been named by President Johnson as 
director of the Job Corps and another 
Millsaps alumnus has been appoint- 
ed to succeed him as chancellor of 
the University of North Carolina at 
Greensboro. 

Dr. Otis A. Singletary will be on 
leave from his duties as chancellor. 
Dr. J. S. Ferguson, dean at Millsaps 
until 1962, will be acting chancellor. 

The Job Corps is a key part of 
President Johnson's anti-poverty pro- 
gram. It "will provide basic educa- 
tion, work and skill training in resi- 
dential centers across the country for 
young men and women who are vic- 
tims of poverty," according to an 
announcement from the White House 
concerning Dr. Singletary's appoint- 
ment. 

Dr. Singletary, a 1947 graduate of 
Millsaps, has been chancellor at North 
Carolina since 1961. He earned the 
Master of Arts and Doctor of Philoso- 
phy degrees at Louisiana State Uni- 
versity. He is married to the former 
Gloria Walton, a 1948 graduate of 
Millsaps. 

Dr. Ferguson, '37, was a member 
of the history faculty from 1944 until 
resigning to go to North Carolina in 
1962. He was appointed to the posi- 
tion of academic dean in 1954. 

He received his Master of Arts de- 
gree from LSU and the Ph. D. degree 
from the University of North Carolina. 
He was a Ford Scholar at Yale Uni- 
versity in 1952-53. 

According to the announcement, the 
Job Corps constitutes "the major ef- 
fort among the youth programs" of 
the Office of Economic Opportunity, 
directed by Sargent Shriver. 

TROUBADOURS RECEIVE PRAISE 

The Millsaps Singers have so long 
been known for religious music that 
a departure requires a little adjust- 
ment. 

Now there's a choral group on the 
campus which devotes itself almost 
(Continued on Page 21) 



Major 
Miscellany 



1910-1919 

A career which has included found- 
ing two companies, serving a judge- 
ship, providing legal counsel, and 
banking is the story of O. B. Taylor, 
Sr., 'OS. The two companies are Mag- 
nolia State Savings and Loan and 
Mississippi Valley Title Insurance 
Company, both of which are Jackson 
firms. Now 84 years of age, Mr. Tay- 
lor has been active in church and 
civic affairs. 

1920-1929 

The Character of Quality, the of- 
ficial history of Greenwood Mills, is 
the latest of George O. Robinson's 
books, which also include And What 
of Tomorrow and The Oak Ridge 
Story. Mr. Robinson, a '28 graduate, 
is a former newspaperman and once 
served as secretary to the late U. S. 
Senator Pat Harrison. During World 
War II he assisted in preparing the 
stories which were released when the 
first atomic bomb fell over Hiroshima. 

Despite the fact that he has had 
thirty-eight operations in thirty years, 
Howard Calhoun, '29, leads a busy 
life which includes serving as labora- 
tory technician with the Sunflower 
County Health Department in Indiano- 
la, Mississippi, and a hobby which has 
produced 3,000 tomato plants, 2,000 
flowering plants, and more than 200 
ornamental shrubs. A bone infection 
required the surgery and has resulted 
in twelve back operations and the loss 
of a leg. Mr. Calhoun built a small 
hothouse two years ago and began 
developing his interest in botany, a 
hobby which he may expand into a 
business when he retires. 

1930-1939 

A veteran of twenty-two years of 
service. Colonel Ransom C. Jones, '26- 
'28, retired as commander of the 
9990th Air Reserve Recovery Squad- 
ron in September. Mr. Jones is senior 
partner of the architectural firm of 
Jones and Haas, which he founded 



following his release from active ser- 
vice with the Air Force in 1946. Among 
his accomplishments are the Missis- 
sippi Coliseum, the Woolfolk State 
Office Building, and Murrah High 
School. He and Mrs. Jones, the form- 
er Jessie Vic Russell, '34-'36, and their 
three children reside in Jackson. 

Walter N. Permenter, Jr., '32, has 
joined the Education Services Office 
at Keesler Air Force Base, in Biloxi, 
Mississippi, as an education assistant. 
Mr. Permenter held a similar post at 
Greenville AFB, Mississippi, before 
moving to Biloxi. 

The principal speaker at Pearl Riv- 
er Junior College's Homecoming Ban- 
quet this year was Malton Bullock, 
'36, assistant superintendent of the 
Moss Point City Schools. Mr. Bullock 
played professional baseball with the 
Philadelphia Athletics for two years 
following his graduation from Mill- 
saps, and since that time has been 
engaged in educational service in the 
state of Mississippi. 

After completing rrtore than twenty- 
one years of active service Lt. Cdr. 
Kathleen Clardy, Grenada '33-'36, has 
retired from the Supply Corps, United 
States Navy. She is attending George 
Washington University in Washington 
D. C. 

The Jackson School Board has 
named Mrs. George LaFollette (Lois 
Biggs, '37) principal of Poindexter 
Elementary School. Mrs. LaFollette 
was a fifth grade teacher at Key Ele- 
mentary School before her promotion. 
She has taught in Hinds County and 
Jackson schools for twelve years. 

Dr. O. Earl Harper, '39, has been 
installed as president of Taylor Jones 
Medical Society of Abilene, Texas. 
Dr. Harper has practiced medicine 
in Abilene since 1949. He and Mrs. 
Harper, the former Mary Hedrick, 
have three children. 



19 



1940-1949 

Harvard University Press has 
brought out under the Belknap Press 
imprint the first two volumes of the 
Diary of Charles Francis Adams, 
edited by Aida DiPace Donald and 
David Donald, '41. The diary is ex- 
pected to run through 18 volumes. A 
New York Times reviewer called the 
completed volumes "a superlative 
job." Dr. Donald, the winner of the 
Pulitzer Prize for history in 1961, is 
a member of the faculty at .Johns 
Hopkins. 

A top job in the nation's manned 
space flight program has been as- 
signed to J. Pemble Field, '41, whose 
official title is director of Gemini 
program control. The program is part 
of the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration Headquarters' Office 
of Manned Space Flight. Mr. Field's 
work has been almost entirely with 
jet propulsion and missiles since 1945. 
Mrs. Field, the former Elizabeth Dur- 
ley, '40, has joined her husband in 
Washington. They have two daughters. 

Dr. H. P. Boswell, '42, has been 
named staff pathologist at Jefferson 
Davis County Hospital in Prentiss, 
Mississippi. He is also director of the 
laboratories of Marion General Hos- 
pital in Columbia and the Jefferson 
Davis County Hospital. Dr. Boswell, 
who received his medical education 
at the University of Mississippi and 
the University of Tennessee, has serv- 
ed residencies in obstetrics and gyne- 
cology at Kapiolani Maternity Hospital 
in Honolulu, Hawaii, and in pathology 
at Baptist Hospital in New Orleans. 

Harris M. Carter, '38-'40, has been 
named assistant to the president of 
the Ortho Division of California Chem- 
ical Company, in which position he 
will handle various aspects of the 
Ortho operations, with particular em- 
phasis on commercial fertilizer de- 
velopment. One of the original em- 
ployees of the company when it was 
organized in 1957, Mr. Carter also 
worked on the Manhatten Project, 
predecessor of the Atomic Energy 
Commission, and helped develop the 
first component for atomic energy. 
He and his wife and children reside 
in Orinda, California. 

Ernst and Ernst, accounting firm 
with its Southern office in New Or- 
leans, has announced the admission to 
partnership of Edwin C. Daniels, '42. 
Mr. Daniels is a certified public ac- 
countant. 



Now associated with Look magazine 
in the theatre, motion picture and 
television section. Jack Ryan, '61, 
has been keeping Jacksonians inform- 
ed about transplanted Mississippians 
in New York City through a column in 
the Jackson Daily News. He recently 
wrote of the popularity of Brad Cran- 
dall — a Millsaps alumnus who uses 
a pseudonym and for whom a class 
thus cannot be given — who is a night- 
time personality on WNBC and who 
was written up in Time in May; and 
of Ben Hall, '39-'41, of the Time staff 
and author of The Best Remaining 
Seats, who recently wrote an article 
for the Herald Tribune Sunday maga- 
zine on the demise of the Paramount 
Theatre. 

From the insurance world comes 
news that William Malcolm Mingee, 

'40-'42, has been awarded the profes- 
sional designation "Chartered Life 
Underwriter"; and that E. B. Strain, 
Jr., '52, has been elected to member- 
ship in the Jackson Association of 
Insurance Agents. Mr. Strain, who is 
married to the former Ouida Faye 
Gardner, '50-'52, is associated with 
Nelson Insurance Agency. 

Louisiana State University in New 
Orleans has appointed Dr. Charles 
E. Martin, '49, chairman of the newly 
created department of elementary 
and secondary education. Dr. Martin 
served as superintendent of the Hazle- 
hurst, Mississippi, Municipal School 
District for five years before joining 
the LSUNO faculty in 1962. 

At the annual Northern New York 
Conference of the Methodist Church in 
May the Reverend Robert F. Nay, 
'4£, was elected chairman of the Town 
and Country Commission and at the 
Jurisdictional Conference he was elect- 
ed president of the Methodist Rural 
Fellowship for the Northeastern Juris- 
diction. After several months of or- 
ganizational meetings and conferences 
the Nays (Mary Ethel Mize, '46) have 
settled down to the work of their par- 
ish in Westmoreland, New York. Mr. 
Nay also serves as chaplain of the 
New York National Guard and was a 
staff chaplain for the Empire State 
Military Academy during the summer. 

Sutton Marks, '48, has been elected 
president of Gordon Marks and Com- 
pany, Inc., a Jackson advertising and 
public relations firm. Mr. Marks join- 
ed the agency in 1951 after receiving 
his Master's degree in advertising 
and business management from North- 



western University. Mr. Marks recent- 
ly entered the field of politics and is 
now in his second term as a member 
of the Mississippi House of Represen- 
tatives. Mrs. Marks is the former 
Helen Murphy, '47. 

1950-1959 

A well known Mississippi recitalist 
has recorded an album solely for the 
pleasure of her friends and admirers. 
Mrs. George Melichar (Marie Stokes, 
'46-'48), now of Laurel, Mississippi, 
included religious and operatic num- 
bers on the album. Mrs. Melichar has 
appeared as a soloist with a number 
of organizations. 

Lt. Cdr. Lawrence E. Norton, '52 
has been returned to his home towr 
for duty with the U. S. Navy Chaplair 
Corps. Commander Norton is now ser 
ving at the Meridian Naval Auxiliarj 
Air Station, returning to the State; 
from a post in Okinawa. He enterec 
the Navy in 1959 after graduate studj 
at Emory University and severa 
years in the pastorate. 

One of the leaders of the Unitec 
Givers Fund drive in Natchez this fal 
was Clarence N. Young, '53, who ii 
vice-president and comptroller of th( 
Britton and Koontz National Banl 
there. In addition to engaging in ; 
number of civic activities in Natchez 
Mr. Young is a member of the execu 
five committee from Adams Count; 
on the Southwest Mississippi develop 
ment district. He is married to thi 
former Roxie Rue McClure and ha 
four children. 

Having completed his residene; 
training at Menninger School of Psy 
chiatry in Topeka, Kansas, Dr. Rober 
L. McKinley, Jr., '54, has joined thi 
Jackson Veterans Administration Cen 
ter as staff psychiatrist. Mrs. McKin 
ley is the former Betty Lack. The; 
have two children, Stephanie am 
Robert, III. 

Now stationed with the 4510th USA! 
Hospital at Luke Air Force Base, Ari 
zona. Captain Melvyn E. Stern, '5C 
received his MD degree from the Uni 
versity of Mississippi. He served hi 
internship at Medical College of Vii 
ginia, completing his residency ii 
pediatrics at the University of Tennes 
see and John Gaston Hospital. 

Another of the several Millsap 
alumni employed by the Nationa 
Broadcasting Company is Mary Sid 
ney Johnson, '53-'54, who is secretar, 
to Philip Minoff, editorial director c 



20 



the NBC Television Network. Miss 
Johnson assists Mr. Minoff with his 
various duties — writing narration 
for various shows, preparing NBC ads 
and promotional pieces, etc. One 
of their recent assignments was the 
NBC special on the Louvre. 

Cited as proof that a handicap need 
not be a disability, Ray Montgomery, 
'54-'57, was featured in a Jackson 
newspaper in October. Mr. Montgom- 
ery, who has been confined to a wheel- 
chair since 1951, is employed as a 
bookkeeper by the Canton, Mississip- 
pi, Butane Company. He is a deacon 
in the First Baptist Church, president 
of the Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
and treasurer of the Madison County 
March of Dimes. Last year he served 
as president of the Civitan Club. 

The Reverend Tom B. Fanning, '58, 
has joined the department of pastoral 
care at Mississippi State Hospital in 
Whitfield as staff chaplain. He was 
formerly pastor of Silverville Baptist 
Church in Silverville, Indiana, and re- 
ceived his Bachelor of Divinity degree 
from Southern Baptist Theological 
seminary in Louisville, Kentucky. Mrs. 
Fanning is the former Gail Weakley, 
'63 graduate of Georgetown College. 

The Reverend Samuel A. Tomlin- 
son, '58, assumed the duties of rector 



of Grace Episcopal Church in Canton, 
Mississippi, in September, moving 
there from Corinth, Mississippi. Mr. 
Tomlinson received his S. T. B. de- 
gree from the Episcopal General Theo- 
logical Seminary in New York City. 
Mrs. Tomlinson is the former Glenda 
Wadsworth, '58. They have a two- 
year-old son. 

The University of Southern Missis- 
sippi has added Dr. Peter Stocks, '59, 
to its biology faculty. A bacteriologist. 
Dr. Stocks received his MS degree 
from Southern and his Ph. D. degree 
from Louisiana State University. He 
is the co-author of five publications, 
serving as senior author in four of 
them. Dr. Stocks is married to the 
former Margie Louise Hinton and has 
a six-year-old son. 

Joe M. Hinds, Jr., '59, has been pro- 
moted from assistant cashier to as- 
sistant vice-president of Deposit Guar- 
anty Bank in Jackson. Mr. Hinds is 
presently enrolled in the Stonier 
School of Banking at Rutgers Univer- 
sity. Mrs. Hinds is the former Beth 
O'Neil, '57. The couple has three chil- 
dren. 

The Calhoun County Bank of Cal- 
houn City, Mississippi, has named V. 
Eugene Berbette, '55-'57, a vice-presi- 
dent of the bank. He has served as 



Television Cameras Record Millsaps Activities 




Millsaps has cooperated with local television stations during the past 
several years in letting the public know what's going on here. Leonard Jor- 
dan, '58, a member of the sociology faculty who is now on leave, appeared 
on one of last year's shows. — WLBT Photo. 



a bank examiner for the Grenada 
Banking System and was associated 
with the Mississippi State Banking 
Department. He is married to the 
former Jackie Wehmeyer. They have 
a son. 

1960-1964 

Millsaps alumni receiving graduate 
degrees recently include the following: 
Stanley E. Munsey, '61, LLB degree 
from Tulane University; James H. 
Wible, '58-'61, DDS degree from the 
University of Tennessee; Mrs. P. B. 
Nations (Earline Johnson, '36), Mas- 
ter's degree in education from Mem- 
phis State University; and Gird Astor 
McCarty, Jr., '58, DDS degree from 
the University of Tennessee. Mrs. 
Wible is the former Letitia Whitten, 
'61. Dr. McCarty is married to the 
former Kay Farrar, '58. 

Thomas E. Jackson, Jr., '62, has 
joined Shell Oil Company's treasury 
department in New Orleans. Mr. Jack- 
son received the Master of Science 
degree from the University of Missis- 
sippi in 1963. 

The Lexington Advertiser, edited by 
Pulitzer Prize-winner Hazel Brannon 
Smith, has employed Gabe Beard, '64, 
as a member of its news and editorial 
staff. Miss Beard began her new job 
in Lexington, Mississippi, in Novem- 
ber. 

(Continued from Page 19) 

entirely to popular and folk music. 
For the Troubadours the adjustment 
was quickly and easily made, how- 
ever, and the organization, only a lit- 
tle more than a year old, is now one 
of the most popular and busiest on 
the campus. 

After last year's group returned 
from Europe during the summer the 
students recorded their tour program. 
Frank Hains, amusement editor of 
the Jackson Daily News, wrote of the 
record, "... some of the selections 
included are, from a coldly commerc- 
ial viewpoint, quite as good as many 
professional recordings." 

And after recent appearances in 
Memphis Connie Richards, entertain- 
ment editor of the Commercial Ap- 
peal, wrote, "... a medley from 
'Hello, Dolly' is as smoothly choreo- 
graphed as the Fred Waring Show. 
Furthermore, the singing is better." 

Some copies of the Troubadours' al- 
bum are still available. One side of 
the record features music in the popu- 
lar vein, mostly from Broadway 
shows, and the other side consists 
of folk music. Records are $4 for 
monaural and $5 for stereophonic. 



21 




Joan Gellnda Allen, '63, to William 
Riley Sanders, '62. Living in Durham, 
Nortli Carolina. 

Mary Katherine Barrett, '64, to Wil- 
liam A. Barksdale, '64. Living in Jaclt- 
son. 

Ethel Marguerite Beasley, '64, to 
John Walter Butler. 

Mary Elizabeth Bowdon to Dr. 
James L. McMillan, '51. Living in 
Jaclison. 

Celia Carolyn Breland, '64, to Cecil 
Ray Burnham. Living in Jacl<son. 

Mary Elizabeth Burford to Thomas 
Frederick Dungan, '59. Living in 
Jackson. 

Alexis Kathleen Busby to Arthur 
Price Burdine, '61. Living in Jackson. 

Nancy Faith Craig, '61, to James 
Hilton West. Living in Hattiesburg, 
Mississippi. 

Nancy Mullen Davis to William San- 
ford Boswell, '56-'59. 

Judith Ann Dossett to Mack E. Lof- 
lin, '59-'60. Living in Tokyo, Japan. 

Gwendolyn Dribben, '59-'62, to James 
C, Evans, Jr. Living in Cleveland, 
Mississippi. 

Normastel Peatross Ford, '19-'21, to 
Hugh O'Neal Smith. Living in Jack- 
son. 

Cynthia Freeman to the Reverend 
Robert T. Sharp, '62. 

Nancy Irene Grisham, '62, to W. 
Richard Anderson. Living in Monter- 
rey, California. 

Charlotte Jones to Warren Wilkins, 
'59. 

Byrd Montgomery Lewis, '59-'60, to 
Robert L. Howie. Living in Jackson. 

Mary Semmes Luckett, '56-'58, to 
Douglas Oliver Wright. Living in At- 
lanta. 

Maxine Coleman McLaurin, '63-'64, 
to Edmon Lee Green, '62. Living in 
Jackson. 

Linda Joyce Pumphrey to Robert 
H. Naylor, II, '62. Living at Fort 
Bragg, North Carolina. 

Nell Newton Ross, '57-'60, to George 
Ritchie Hedrick. Living in New Mexi- 
co. 



Starr Smith to Scott Francis Miller, 
'56-'57. Living in Baton Rouge. 

Martha Ellen Walker, '63, to Wilton 
Vance Byers, Jr., '61. Living in Jack- 
son. 

Georgia Kay Watts to John Robert 
Baker, '59-'60. Living in Hattiesburg. 

Rachel Elizabeth Whitcsel to Jim- 
my Murray Jordan, '56-'58. Living in 
Chicago. 

Sylvia Diane Wilson, '62-'63, to Cur- 
tis William Kyle, Jr. 



In Memoriam 



This column is dedicated to the 
memory of graduates, former stu- 
dents, and friends who have passed 
away in recent months. Every effort 
has been made to compile an accurate 
list, but there will be unintentional 
omissions. Your help is solicited in 
order that we may make the column 
as complete as possible. Those whose 
memory we honor are as follows: 

Mrs. James Wallis Elliott (Sidney 
Brame, '30), who died October 6 fol- 
lowing a heart attack. She lived in 
Talladega, Alabama. 

Malcolm T. Glaze, '29, who died 
November 4 after a lengthy illness. 
He lived in Kosciusko, Mississippi. 

Dr. R. R. Haynes, emeritus profes- 
sor of education, who died October 
4. He was living in Jackson. 

Dr. E. L. Hillman, '15, who died 
November 27. He was living in Dur- 
ham, North Carolina. 

James B. Hillman, '04, who died 
October 5. He was a resident of Phila- 
delphia, Mississippi. 

Dr. A. E. Greg Holmes, '48, who 
died October 23 of accidental self-in- 
flicted wounds. He lived in Terry, Mis- 
sissippi. 

Bobby Jack Houston, '49-'50, who 
died in August. He was a resident of 
Union, Mississippi. 

Mrs. M. J. L. Hoye (Ella Crisler, 
Whitworth '08), who died January 5, 
1964. She was a resident of Meridian, 
Mississippi. 

Lionel Clayton Kirkland, '07-' 11, who 
died July 4. He lived in Jackson. 

The Reverend Roy Lesley Lane, 
'31, who died November 1. He was liv- 
ing in Quitman, Mississippi. 

Mrs. G. T. Moore (Doris Lauchly, 
'25), who died November 5 after an 
extended illness. She was a resident 
of Jackson. 

Charles R. Rew, '10, who died De- 



cember 17. He lived in Birmingham, 
Alabama. 

John Overton Rutledge, '21, who 
died October 1 after an extended ill- 
ness. He was a resident of Wiggins, 
Mississippi. 

Charles H. Strait, '40, who died No- 
vember 24. He lived in Memphis, 
Tennessee. 




rmm 



fUTU^e AtOf^N' 



(Children listed in this column 
must be under one year of age. Please 
report births promptly to assure pub- 
lication.) 

Carta Frances Burch, born to Dr. 
and Mrs. H. B. Burch (Clarice Black; 
'55), of Lafayette, Louisiana, on Feb- 
ruary 18. Other Burches are Lisa, 81 
and Bubba, 6. 

Sonya Grace Coleman, born May 4 
to Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Cole- 
man, of Chapel Hill, North Carolina 
Mr. Coleman graduated in 1963. 

Robin Kay Davenport, born on Octo 
ber 26 to Mr. and Mrs. Howard Dav- 
enport (Kay Collums, '58), of BateS' 
ville, Mississippi. Beth, 5, welcomec 
the newcomer. 

Wendy Cecile Hederman, born U 
Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Hederman, Jr 
(Edie Asprooth, '60-'61), of Jackson 
on October 28. 

John Davis Hilbum, born Octobei 
12 to Dr. and Mrs. William M. Hil 
burn, Jr. (Lucy Ewing, '58), of Jack 
son. He was welcomed by Allison, 4 
and William, 111, 2. 

Catherine Mary Lewis, born June 2;! 
to the Reverend and Mrs. T. W. Lew 
is (Julia Aust), '53 and '50-'53, o 
Jackson. She was welcomed by Tom 
4. 

Stuart David McRae, born Septemi 
ber 20 to the Reverend and Mrs. EdI 
ward W. McRae (Martina Riley, '57)| 
of Tucson, Arizona. 

Richard Wells Mansker, Jr., bor 
August 2 to Mr. and Mrs. Richard W| 
Mansker (Mary Nell Roberts, '58), d 
Mobile, Alabama. 

Gerald Dale Novack, Jr., born Dc 
cember 9 to Mr. and Mrs. Gerall 
Dale Novack (Martha Ray, '61), c 
Hattiesburg, Mississippi. 






22 



Be 



'Trom Hot Coffee 



to Lick Skillet... 

Professor R. R. Haynes is 
mourned by former 
students and friends 



;j) 




PROFESSOR R. R. HAYNES 

One of his favorite sources of amusement was odd 
names of towns, and he often mentioned the two appear- 
ing in the head above. 



fehind that mild manner and quiet voice one would 
scarcely have suspected a background which included 
the intrigue of being a suspect of espionage. 

Doubtless few of his students ever Itnew of the inci- 
dent. Probably none of them knew that he had had a 
career in the diplomatic service or that he had once 
practiced law. 

To them he was Professor Haynes. He taught those 
none-too-popular but always filled-to-capacity education 
classes. 

As such Professor R. R. Haynes, who taught on the 
faculty for thirty years before his retirement in 1960, in- 
fluenced many, many lives. During his lifetime he pre- 
pared more than one thousand students for careers in 
the field of education. 

On October 4 Professor Haynes succumbed to a malig- 
nancy. 

It was in 1930 that Professor Haynes joined the Mill- 
saps faculty as instructor of history and education, 
opening a new chapter of his life and closing the pages 
on youthful indecision as to career. 

Following his graduation from the University of Ten- 
nessee, where he served as president of the literary 
society and the YMCA, he taught for a few years in 
various high schools. He then returned to the university 
to enter law school and practiced law for several years. 

Then, deciding that law was not his field, he collected 
on a campaign promise of a successful senatorial candi- 
date for whom he had worked and was appointed to the 
consular service. 

He was sent to Dunfermline, Scotland, as vice-consul. 
The year was 1915, not the most auspicious time for a 
tour of duty in Europe. Before his resignation from the 
service in 1919 because of ill health, he served in Edin- 
burg, Scotland; Leeds, Bristol, and London in England; 
and Paris in France. 

It was during this time that he had a brief brush with 
counter-espionage agents. On a boat tour from Glasgow, 
unaware that British battleships were being tested in 
the area, he kept to himself because Americans were 
not enjoying immense popularity due to their reluctance 
to enter the war. It didn't occur to him that his solitude 
might look suspicious to others. The boat returned to 
port late, causing him to miss the last train back to 
Edinburg. Trying to check into a hotel for the night 
without luggage, he was sent to the police station for 
approval. After a serious investigation the police were 
finally convinced of his innocence. 

After recovery from the illness which forced his resig- 
nation from the consular service, Professor Haynes re- 
sumed teaching. A few years later he entered Peabody 
College and received his Master's degree in history. 

Millsaps recognized his long and faithful service both 
to the College and the cause of education in Mississippi 
in 1960 when he was awarded the L.L.D. degree. 

Teachers who give their entire lives to one college 
are a rarity these days. Professor Haynes was one of 
Millsaps' last. He has earned a place in her history as 
one of those whose names will be recalled whenever 
the early days of the College are recounted and the 
men who helped form her character are remembered. 



23 



Millsaps Colleg-e 
Jackson, Miss. 39210^ 




lillsaps college 
lumni news 






:'-^^m.^^ 







■-■^^ 





/ 



The Plight of the Humanities 
A Plus-mark: Honors Colloquia 



mm noT^s 

millsaps college alumni magazine 
spring, 1965 



MERGED INSTITUTIONS: Grenada 
College, Whitworth College, Millsaps 
College. 

MEMBER: American Alumni Council, 
American College Public Relations As- 
sociation. 



CONTENTS 



3 Events of Note 



4 Quality Fit for Survival 



6 The Honors Colloquia 



9 The Plight of the Humanities 



25 Welty on Faulkner 



29 Columns 



30 Major Miscellany 



The Cover: Dr. George Boyd, chair- 
man of the Honors Council, prepares 
to introduce one of the colloquies on 
"The Nature and Meaning of Time." 



Volume 6 



April, 1965 



Number 3 



Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson, 
Mississippi. Entered as second class matter on Oc- 
tober 15, 1959, at the Post Office in Jackson, Mis- 
sissippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 



Shirley Caldwell, '56, Editor 

James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni 
Association 



Jim Lucas, '66, Photographer 



Presidential Views 

Bi/ Dr. Benjamin B. Graves 

One of the particular questions that has always intrigued me 
is the secret of success in the private college or university. There 
are over 2,000 institutions of higher learning in the United States 
and, of these, roughly two-thirds are private. Throughout our his- 
tory, however, there have been great numbers of private institutions 
which have ceased to be; and, to be truthful, there are many among 
those remaining which are marginal and linger on the threshold of 
survival. 

I have come to the conclusion that success in the private in- 
stitution is a two-step- process. First, the college must do something 
for the student that is above average or above the norm prevailing 
in public institutions. In fact, I would go so far as to say that a 
private college does not deserve to exist unless it can do something 
more for the student than can the public institution. This something 
more can be, and frequently is, a multi-faceted thing. Also, the 
something more is neither as rare nor as difficult as it might seem. 

If a private college can improve the student's chance for suc- 
cess by as little as five or ten percent more than can the public 
institution, the result will more than pay for the cost of the slight 
additional investment required. Let me remind you that an under- 
graduate degree today is likely to give the average student a life- 
time earnings potential of approximately $100,000 above that of 
a high school graduate. When one considers, then, that a college 
such as Millsaps will cost the typical student a maximum of $2,000 
more than the public institution, and, in many cases, no more, it 
is easy to see how a slight improvement in one's chances for suc- 
cess can pay handsome dividends. The record of Millsaps gradu- 
ates suggests that they have, on the whole, attained this above- 
average success. 

If the college does this something more, then a second step is 
necessary in the formula for success. The student, when he becomes 
an alumnus, most do something above the norm in sharing his re- 
wards with the college. This sharing can be in terms of financial 
support, which we desperately need at this time at MUlsaps, but it 
can also come in the form of personal, moral, and spiritual support. 

There is the business of recruiting students and contacting 
other sources of financial support, including foundations and per- 
sons of substantial wealth. A key factor frequently noted in the 
really successful private institution is apt to be a case where the 
school has tapped several families or individuals who have pro- 
vided major support. And now I am speaking in terms of millions. 
You can help us in locating and cultivating this type of situation. 
Should you think this possibility remote, may I point out that one 
financial institution has estimated that there are 35,000 people in 
Mississippi whose assets are sufficiently high to create estate tax 
problems. 

Surveys have shown that the great mass of students coming 
to private institutions do so on the basis of "word of mouth"; that 
is, recommendations from students, friends, and alumni. We would 
like to make Millsaps College an institution that attracts students 
from all over the nation, but we cannot, at the present time, afford 
to send recruiting representatives to all places where there are 
potential candidates. Alumni in these areas can be major aids. 

Now, if this two-step process is realized, Millsaps will be a 
success. We will be able to take the average to above-average stu- 
dent and elevate him into that outstanding or superior individual 
for the world of tomorrow. We need your assistance in helping 
Millsaps College continue to provide that something more. With 
your financial help, your sons and daughters, your referrals, your 
personal and public relations support, I am convinced that we can 
do that very thing. 



Events of Note 



POLICY CHANGES 

Two major policy changes have 
been announced by the Board of 
Trustees since the beginning of the 
year. One, the change in admissions 
policy, was announced to the alumni 
through a letter from President 
Graves. The other concerns the ath- 
letic policy. 

Millsaps has been both praised 
and denounced for the decision to 
open admission to all qualified stu- 
dents, as was expected, and there 
are many who take the attitude that 
the inevitable must be accepted. 

Be that as it may, the predicted 
drop in enrollment for next year does 
not now seem to be a likelihood, since 
admissions to date, as compared with 
admissions last year to a comparable 
date, are up 25%. Most of the in- 
crease is in male students. 

It may not be known by out-of- 
state residents that only Millsaps and 
William Carey (a Baptist college in 
Hattiesburg) signed the compliance 
pledge. BeUiaven College (Presbyte- 
rian) and Mississippi College (Bap- 
tist) both refused to change their ad- 
missions policies and thus voted to 
reject Federal grants either to the 
students or to the colleges them- 
selves. 

The athletic policy change is from 
a nonsubsidized program to one of 
limited scholarship aid. The new 
scholarship program is actually 
broader than has thus far been indi- 
cated in this report, but it is in the 
area of athletics that the results are 
expected to be most dramatic. 

The Board announced in March the 
establishment of Diamond Anniver- 
sary Scholarships in celebration of 
the 75th year since the chartering of 
Millsaps College. Some sixty or sev- 
enty tuition-and-fees grants will be 
awarded for the 1965-66 academic 
year on the basis of American Col- 
lege Test scores, demonstrated lead- 
ership potential, achievement, char- 
acter, and financial need. Areas of 
achievement will include athletics, 
dramatics, music, forensics, and oth- 
er abilities. 

The scholarship program currently 
in effect, which provides awards for 
academic ability and such functional 



purposes as ministerial training, will 
be continued, officials said. The new 
program is an extension of the 
present system. 

Officials have stated that the pur- 
pose of the Diamond Anniversary 
Scholarship Program is to provide a 
better balance between academic and 
other areas of achievement. 

In announcing the program Presi- 
dent Graves stressed that it would 
not lead to an overemphasis on ath- 
letics. He said that athletic competi- 
tion and other extracurricular activi- 
ties would remain secondary to the 
scholastic program. 

"The new policy simply means 
that we will consider athletics as one 
of several significant areas of 
achievement," he stated. "We recog- 
nize the fact that physical stamina 
is essential for success." 

The new scholarships will cause no 
change in the intramural program 
other than a strengthening effort. 
Students will be encouraged to par- 
ticipate fully in intramurals. 

The awards will provide a max- 
imum of $700 per year, with the 
amount granted depending on a com- 
bination of factors. Some will be hon- 
orary, with no financial assistance 
being given. 

For the benefit of those who may 
have failed to receive President 
Graves' letter, the statement of the 
Board concerning the admissions 
policy is repeated: 

1. As an American institution 
and one dedicated to the funda- 
mental concept of majority rule in 
a democracy, Millsaps believes 
that it has an obligation to abide 
by the laws of this nation. This it 
believes even though there may be 
substantial disagreement among its 
constituency on the merit of a par- 
ticular set of laws. Law and order 
must be maintained if there is to 
be peace, tranquihty and progress 
in our beloved nation and state. 

2. An an institution of the Meth- 
odist Church, Millsaps has through- 
out its history attempted to express 
in its policies and actions, and in 
the atmosphere on its campus, the 
highest ideals of the Christian faith. 
In this tradition, the College can- 



not remain unresponsive to the call 
of the church for an end to dis- 
crimination and for the opening of 
its facilities to qualified persons in 
a spirit of Christian concern for 
all men. 

3. As an institution of higher 
learning, Millsaps cannot cut itself 
off from the mainstream of Amer- 
ican life and thought in the mid- 
twentieth century. Any restriction 
on the free exchange of ideas 
among men raises serious questions 
about the academic integrity of a 
college or university. From i t s 
founding, Millsaps College has em- 
phasized excellence in Christian 
higher education. This standard of 
excellence has been recognized in 
this state and throughout the na- 
tion. The reputation of the College 
and its ability to attract outstand- 
ing men and women to its faculty 
can be maintained only if a condi- 
tion of unbiased search for truth 
and a concern for individual men 
is preserved. 

SCHOLARSHIPS AWARDED 

Head football coach Harper Davis 
has announced the awarding of nine- 
teen of the new scholarships. Eight 
of them are to new students and 
eleven have been given to current 
students who intend to participate in 
the football program next year. 

Students who have been accepted 
by the Admissions Committee and 
granted scholarships include the fol- 
lowing: 

George Whitten, Copiah-Lincoln 
Junior CoUege tackle; 6'1, 200 
pounds; All Little Dixie; captain of 
high school varsity team; president 
of high school class; president of 
Future Farmers of America. 

Stanley Graham, Jackson Cen- 
tral High School tackle; &ZV2, 235 
pounds; honorable mention. All 
State and All Big 8 teams; score 
on the science section of ACT 
places him in 96th percentile of all 
college - bound students; received 
the David T. Ridgway Award for 
Christian leadership on team; cadet 
major and battalion executive offi- 
cer of ROTC; officer of J Club; 

(Continued on Page 28) 



The Humanities: Something More 



Quality Fit For Survival 



By Dr. Robert E. Bergmark 
Chairman, Humanities Division 



Socrates, on trial for his life and pondering the pos- 
sibility of being put to death, emphatically asserted that 
what needs attention is not simply living, but living 
well. Many a man is able to prolong his life, but quality 
living calls for something more than mere endurance. 
The problem is not simply the avoidance of death, but 
the avoidance of unexamined and unenriched living. 
When the choice is between death on the one hand and 
endurance without significant human quality on the 
other, Socrates counsels death in preference to mere en- 
durance. 

These are days when great emphasis is placed on 
the need for survival. From fall-out shelters to bacteri- 
ological warfare, from intercontinental missiles to "Min- 
utemen" armed to the teeth and trained for mortal com- 
bat, preparations are being made for the sake of survival. 
But survive for what? for what purpose? to achieve 
what goals? to hope for what ends? to be guided by what 
value considerations? Socrates did not despise the thought 
of survival. He would have been happy to put off death, 
had quality living still been possible for him. So, with 
us, survival is surely not something to be despised. If 
we are to know quality living, then we must survive in 
order to have the opportunity to give ourselves to it. 
But let us beware of being so intent upon personal or 
national survival that we fail to give adequate attention 
to the problem of quality worthy of survival. 

Historically, the studies known as the humanities have 
been intimately related to the matter of human qualities 
worthy of survival. Literature, poetry, philosophy, reli- 
gion, art, music — across the centuries these have been 
the great humanizing and civilizing forces. They have 
served to broaden the sympathies, enrich the meanings, 
improve the values, and ennoble the purposes that char- 
acterize human life at its best and make it worth the 
living. The humanities awaken the individual to the deep- 
er issues of life. They give him insight into who he is as 
a conscious, thinking, willing, oughting self. They deepen 
his sensitivities and broaden his appreciations in the 



areas of truth, beauty, goodness, and holiness. And in 
society they provide an ideal of freedom, justice, mercy, 
magnanimity, and grace. As DeVane has so well said, 
"A society without the humanities is a crude, ruthless, 
and blind thing, predatory, unimaginative, acquisitive, 
slavish, and materialistic." 

Indeed, a great part of our problem in the world today 
is related to a serious lack in the area of the humanities. 
A tragically large percentage of the human race is made 
up of people who have only a marginal human existence, 
to whom poetry is unknown, art and music are known 
only on a crude and superficial level, and any reading 
they might do is at best uninspiring and oftentimes de- 
grading. And this lack in enrichment has a direct bear- 
ing upon the values which they pursue. For example, it is 
difficult to believe that the bomb-throwers and church- 
burners, after a successful foray, go home to read poetry, 
listen to a symphony, or peruse the most recent edition 
of The Greek Heritage. On the other hand, the person 
whose early-evening hours are spent with significant 
books or recordings can scarcely be pictured as then 
going out to throw bombs or set fire to churches. 

Millsaps College as a whole, and the Humanities Divi- 
sion in particular, is dedicated to the task of providing 
an education that is something more than the accumula- 
tion of facts, something more than training in technology, 
something more than developing techniques for making a 
living. Making a living is dreadfully important, and 
Millsaps College is properly concerned about this as a 
valid goal, but making a life is also to be considered if 
living is to be worthwhile. 

Our literature offerings at Millsaps come in a variety 
of languages, from Greek and Latin of the Classical 
Period to German, French, Spanish, Italian, and English. 
To this array Russian should be added as soon as pos- 
sible. Course offerings are provided for specialized study 
in the various literary forms — pwetry, drama, the novel, 
the short story. Courses in speech and journalism and 
activities in debate and dramatics offer a proper and 



effective extension of the more academic concerns. And 
language study itself is civilizing and humanizing. The 
person who knows only his mother-tongue is simply un- 
able to understand the symbolic nature and inner struc- 
ture of the whole process of communication. A genuine 
study of another language provides an understanding 
of and appreciation for one's native language, as well 
as the nature of language itself, and at the same time 
provides some insights into another culture, which is 
always a broadening experience. 

Further development is needed in the area of Asian 
studies. Currently we offer a course in Oriental philosophy 
and a course in comparative religion. These constitute 
a good beginning, but only a beginning. Inter-disciplin- 
ary work is needed here, and conversations were begun 
last fall to explore the possibilities of setting up a co- 
operative venture in which philosophy, political science, 
sociology, and religion might contribute and share. We 
need additional personnel to staff such a program, but 
the existing possibilities of it are quite apparent and we 
need to press forward on this front. 

In the area of the arts, we are greatly enriched this 
year by the presence of our Writer-in-Residence, Miss 
Eudora Welty. Indeed, in her own person she very ef- 
fectively joins the arts and the humanities. Creative 
writing produces literature, and at the same time the 
creative writer is an artist. These are days when it has 
become quite fashionable to have artists-in-residence, 
but Millsaps, enjoying the presence of Miss Welty this 
year, has known the joy and effectiveness of such an 
arrangement for a great number of years in the persons 
of Karl Wolfe and Mildred Wolfe, each an artist of con- 
siderable renown. Mr. and Mrs. Wolfe have enriched 
the lives of Millsaps students and faculty members both 
by their presence on the campus and by the courses 
which they offer. Also, Mr. Wolfe has made extremely 
valuable suggestions toward the improving and enlarg- 
ing of our program in the fine arts. 

For some time now we have been talking about the 
need for a fine arts building, and the need becomes in- 
creasingly more pressing. The work in music, dramatics, 
and the plastic arts will be greatly enhanced and offer- 
ings will be far more attractive once this addition is 
realized. In the meantime, highly significant activities 
continue in the old surroundings. 

More and more people, these days, are realizing the 
worth of a broad, liberal arts education. The medical 
schools are encouraging their candidates to take more 
work in the humanities during their undergraduate 
years. Business leaders are giving the same counsel 
to their prospective neophytes. As human beings we 
need first of all to be humanized, and only later to be 
fitted out as lawyers, housewives, clergymen, plumbers, 
businessmen, farmers, or physicians. As Aristotle said 
in the Politics, "The same education and the same habits 
will be found to make a good man and a good states- 
man and king." If we can work, first of all, at the task 
of becoming fully human, we will then be more ade- 
quately prepared to render effective service in our par- 
ticular role in life. 

Robert Maynard Hutchins once wrote that "the aim of 
education is to connect man with man, to connect the 
present with the past, and to advance the thinking of 
the race." It is this aim that inspires and motivates 
work in the humanities and in all education worthy of 
the name, and it is this aim to which we are dedicated. 




THE AUTHOR: Dr. Robert E. Bergmark, right, looks 
over a proposed textbook with Dr. Hughes Cox, assistant 
professor of philosophy. Dr. Bergmark joined the Mill- 
saps faculty in 1953. He is chairman of the philosophy 
department. He holds the Bachelor or Arts degree from 
Emory University and the Bachelor of Sacred Theology 
and Ph. D. degrees from Boston University. 



The Humanities: Something More 




T 1 




The Honors Colloquia: 

What's the time of day? " 



By Dr. George W. Boyd 
Chairman, Honors Council 



For twenty-five years two passages of poetry by mod- 
ern American poets have haunted me. One is in E. A. 
Robinson's "Ben Johnson Entertains a Man from Strat- 
ford"; Robinson has Shakespeare, "old enough to be/The 
father of a world," say: "Ben, you're a scholar, what's 
the time of day?" The other passage is in Frost's "Ac- 
quainted with the Night": 

And further still at an unearthly height, 
One luminary clock against the sky 

Proclaimed the time was neither wrong nor right. 

I have been one acquainted with the night. 
Somehow these two passages have signaled my con- 
tinuing concern with the nature of time. Over the years 
has come the reading and re-reading of Mann's Magic 
Mountain, perhaps the most profound study of time in 
the world; Proust's Rememberance of Things Past, the 
most elegant study; and finally Eliot's Four Quartets, 
for me the most illuminating study I know. 

Last October Dr. William Hendee and I were standing 
under the clock in Murrah Hall talking about how the 
Honors Council must meet and make plans for the Spring 
Colloquia. Dr. Hendee said casually that he'd like the 
Colloquia to study time. Suddenly we both knew it was 
the subject that interested us most. The other members 
of the Honors Council joined in our enthusiasm, and the 
plans came together easily. The Colloquia theme, in 
short, is an inspired one. 

So we are exploring the nature and meaning of time. 
We have so far defined nothing, not even the central 
concept of time itself. We have characterized and de- 
scribed. We have raised some vital questions; we have 
not yet attempted final answers. Indeed, I rather think 
that although we are seeking answers we are even more 
concerned with raising more precise and more relevant 
questions. We are asking: What's the time of day? of 
decade? of century? of life? We are questioning how 
different disciplines and art forms conceive and use time 
differently. We are reading and talking — two of the most 
pleasurable activities in the world. 

I am writing this article during the spring holidays, 
March 25 — March 31, which is to say that I am writing 
from the very middle of the Colloquia. I can tell you 
with real excitement where we have been in our collo- 
quies; I can tell you the direction in which we are start- 



ing the second half. I cannot tell you, though, where we 
shall arrive. No one of us knows at this point. The reason 
is that our theme is dynamic, and is, for all of us any- 
way, largely unexplored. 

We began with Madeleine McMullan's leading a bril- 
liant evening on Toynbee's A Study of History, volume 12, 
the Reconsideration volume. Here was a good, safe 
place to begin, we thought. That is, it was a familiar, 
conventional, conservative place to begin. There were 
past, present, future — comfortable, familiar, and sud- 
denly unknown categories. Mrs. McMullan read a splend- 
id Colloquium Preface touching on Toynbee's basic meth- 
ods: his vocabulary, his universal concerns, his central 
myth, his cyclic theories. A lively discussion followed 
on Toynbee's errors, his tentative conclusions, the rela- 
tionship of history and memory, whether Toynbee is in 
fact historian or poet, above all, his freeing of the future. 

The second evening, led by Dr. Hendee, focused the 
physicist's philosophy on the meaning of time. Suddenly, 
all the safety of history, conventional or otherwise, dis- 
appeared. Here was a view of time conditioned by Ein- 
stein's special theory of relativity, which saw time as 
neither linear nor cyclic, which found no basic rhythm 
of the universe and consequently no time based on such 
a rhythm, which questioned the validity and significance 
of memory, which finally held that there was no such 
thing as "absolute" time. Here were shock and excite- 
ment, intense and illuminating. 

For a delightful change of pace, Lawrence Crawford 
led a colloquium in his studio on time in music. The cen- 
tral motif of the evening was an exploration or how mu- 
sic articulates time — in its temporal, its harmonic, its 
melodic ways. 

Professor W. H. Baskin led the first evening of dis- 
cussion on a purely literary title, Proust's Swann's Way. 
In the Preface and in the colloquy, the exploration of 
Proustian Time was splendidly searching. The nature of 
Proustian reality, Proust's two kinds of memory, Proust's 
levels of pastness, and, above all, the duality of Prous- 
tian optics: all these contributed to the central considera- 
tion of how f6r Proust the memory delivers us from 
time. Proustian time, it was clear, was different indeed 
from the historian's, the physicist's, or the musician's 
time. 



A sudden panning of the cameras and we were view- 
ing time tiirough a geologist's eyes, and now it was 
time in billions of years. In geological time one is nev- 
er far from an awareness of astronomical time, and this 
colloquium was held on the evening of the day that 
Ranger IX hit the moon. What kind of time was this? 
Is it the same as the others? Is it different from but 
related to the others? Is time after all nothing but the 
watch or calendar we look at? 

Next week, in "Physiological Clocks," I have a feel- 
ing that Jim McKeown is going to say that time is sim- 
ply the pulse I can feel. We'll see. At any rate, in the 
second half of the Colloquia we are zeroing in on the 
individual and time — which is where we all want the 
closest examination, I expect. Miss Eudora Welty, our 
Writer-in-Residence, will lead the evening on Faulkner's 
The Sound and the Fury, the magnificent novel about 
people and four days. In this book Faulkner works magic 
with time, its shifting patterns, its reversals, recurrences, 
the continuous and final blurring of distinctions between 



past and future. 

After the Faulkner evening. Professor T. W. Lewis 
will present Rudolph Bultmann's study of history and 
eschatology, of past things and last things. We feel the 
need of an expert probing of theological dimensions and 
implications of time and timelessness. After Bultmann, 
I will demonstrate Eliot's handling of the time and eter- 
nity theme in the Four Quartets. Finally, Robert Berg- 
mark, professor of philosophy and chairman of the 
Humanities Division, will attempt the Herculean task 
of summing up. Dr. Bergmark is a brave man. 

Where shall we have gone in the Colloquia? I think 
from then to eternity; and I am thinking of Boethius's 
characterization of eternity as interminabilis vitae tota 
simul et perfecta possessio, "whole, simultaneous, and 
complete fruition of a life without bounds." I hope that 
when we arrive where we're going we shall be able to 
understand it and describe it. In any event, from the 
middle of the journey now I can testify to the con- 
siderable pleasures of the journey itself. 




Time in music — Lawrence Crawford, instructor of 
music, led one of the colloquies, discussing Meyer's 
Emotion and Meaning in Music. There were a total 
of nine sessions in this spring's Honor Colloquia. 



HONORS COLLOQUIA CALENDAR 




SPRING, 1965 


February 9: 


Preliminary meeting 


February 17: 


THE PAST AND FUTURE 




Arnold Toynbee, A Study of 




History, 




Volume 12 




Leader: Madeleine McMullan 


February 23: 


THE PHYSICIST AS PHILOSO- 




PHER 




G. J. Whitrow, The Natural 




Philosophy of Time 




Leader: Dr. William Hendee 


March 10: 


TIME IN MUSIC 




L. Meyer, Emotion and Mean- 




ing in Music 




Leader: Lawrence Crawford 


March 17: 


PHYSIOLOGICAL CLOCKS 




Selected Essays 




Leader: James P. McKeown 


April 7: 


TIME IN GEOLOGY 




P. M. Hurley, How Old Is the 




Earth? 




Leader: Wendell Johnson 


April 14: 


FOUR DAYS ON EARTH 




Faulkner, The Sound and the 




Fury 




Leader: Eudora Welty 


April 21: 


TIME AND ETERNITY. 1. THE 




THEOLOGIAN 




Rudolph Bultmann, History and 




Eschatology 




Leader: T. W. Lewis 


May 5: 


TIME AND ETERNITY. II. THE 




POET 




T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets 




Leader: Dr. George Boyd 


May 12: 


TOWARD A SUMMING UP 




Leader: Dr. Robert E. Berg- 




mark 


May 14: 


FINAL ESSAY EXAMINATION 




Composed, given, and graded 




by the Honors Council 



THE 

PLIGHT 

^hiu HUMANITIES 





COPYRIGHT 1965 BY EDITORIAL PROJECTS FOR EDUCATION, INC. 



> 
< 

c 

u 

3 



\ 





A 



midst great 



material well-being, 

our culture stands in danger 

of losing its very soul. 




WITH the greatest economic prosperity 
ever known by Man; 
With scientific accomphshments 
unparalleled in human history; 

With a technology whose machines and methods 
continually revolutionize our way of life: 

Wc are neglecting, and stand in serious danger of 
losing, our culture's very soul. 

This is the considered judgment of men and women 
at colleges and universities throughout the United 
States — men and women whose life's work it is to 
study our culture and its "soul." They are scholars 
and teachers of the humanities: history, languages, 
literature, the arts, philosophy, the history and com- 
parison of law and religion. Their concern is Man 
and men — today, tomorrow, throughout history. 
Their scholarship and wisdom are devoted to assess- 
ing where we humans are, in relation to where we 
have come from — and where we may be going, in 
light of where we are and have been. 

Today, examining Western Man and men, many 
of them are profoundly troubled by what they see: 
an evident disregard, or at best a deep devaluation, 
of the things that refine and dignify and give meaning 
and heart to our humanity. 



H 



-ow IS IT NOW with us?" asks a group of 
distinguished historians. Their answer: "Without 
really intending it, we are on our way to becoming a 
dehumanized society." 

A group of specialists in Asian studies, reaching 
essentially the same conclusion, offers an explanation: 

"It is a truism that we are a nation of activists, 
problem-solvers, inventors, would-be makers of bet- 
ter mousetraps. . . . The humanities in the age of 
super-science and super-technology have an increas- 
ingly difficult struggle for existence." 

"Soberly," reports a committee of the American 
Historical Association, "we must say that in Ameri- 
can society, for many generations past, the prevailing 
concern has been for the conquest of nature, the pro- 
duction of material goods, and the development of a 
viable system of democratic government. Hence we 
have stressed the sciences, the application of science 
through engineering, and the application of engineer- 
ing or quantitative methods to the economic and 
political problems of a prospering repubUc." 



The stress, the historians note, has become even 
more intense in recent years. Nuclear fission, the 
Communist threat, the upheavals in Africa and Asia, 
and the invasion of space have caused our concern 
with "practical" things to be "enormously rein- 
forced." 

Says a blue-ribbon "Commission on the Humani- 
ties," established as a result of the growing sense of 
unease about the non-scientific aspects of human life: 

"The result has often been that our social, moral, 
and aesthetic development lagged behind our material 
advance. . . . 

"The state of the humanities today creates a crisis 
for national leadership." 



T 



HE CRISIS, which extends into every home, 
into every life, into every section of our society, is 
best observed in our colleges and universities. As 
both mirrors and creators of our civilization's atti- 
tudes, the colleges and universities not only reflect 
what is happening throughout society, but often 
indicate what is likely to come. 

Today, on many campuses, science and engineering 
are in the ascendancy. As if in consequence, important 
parts of the humanities appear to be on the wane. 

Scientists and engineers are likely to command the 
best job offers, the best salaries. Scholars in the hu- 
manities are likely to receive lesser rewards. 

Scientists and engineers are likely to be given linan- 
cial grants and contracts for their research — by govern- 
ment agencies, by foundations, by industry. Scholars 
in the humanities are likely to look in vain for such 
support. 

Scientists and engineers are likely to find many of 
the best-qualified students clamoring to join their 
ranks. Those in the humanities, more often than not, 
must watch helplessly as the talent goes next door. 

Scientists and engineers are likely to get new build- 
ings, expensive equipment, well-stocked and up-to- 
the-minute libraries. Scholars in the humanities, even 
allowing for their more modest requirements of phys- 
ical facilities, often wind up with second-best. 

Quite naturally, such conspicuous contrasts have 
created jealousies. And they have driven some persons 
in the humanities (and some in the sciences, as well) 
to these conclusions: 

1) The sciences and the humanities are in mortal 



competition. As science thrives, the humanilics must 
languish — and vice versa. 

2) There are only so many physical facilities, so 
much money, and so much research and teaching 
equipment to go around. Science gets its at the ex- 
pense of the humanities. The humanities' lot will be 
improved only if the sciences" lot is cut back. 

To others, both in science and in the humanities, 
such assertions sound like nonsense. Our society, 
they say, can well afford to give generous support to 
both science and the humanities. (Whether or not it 
will, they admit, is another question.) 

A committee advising the President of the United 
States on the needs of science said in 1960: 

". . . We repudiate emphatically any notion that 
science research and scientific education are the only 
kinds of learning that matter to America. . . . Obvi- 
ously a high civilization must not limit its efforts to 
science alone. Even in the interests of science itself, 
it is essential to give full value and support to the 
other great branches of Man's artistic, literary, and 
scholarly activity. The advancement of science must 
not be accomplished by the impoverishment of any- 
thing else. . . ." 

The Commission on the Humanities has said: 

"Science is far more than a tool for adding to our 
security and comfort. It embraces in its broadest 
sense all efforts to achieve valid and coherent views 
of reality; as such, it extends the boundaries of ex- 
perience and adds new dimensions to human char- 
acter. If the interdependence of science and the hu- 
manities were more generally understood, men would 
be more likely to become masters of their technology 
and not its unthinking servants." 

None of which is to deny the existence of differ- 
ences between science and the humanities, some of 
which are due to a lack of communication but others 
of which come from deep-seated misgivings that the 
scholars in one vineyard may have about the work 
and philosophies of scholars in the other. Differences 
or no, however, there is little doubt that, if Americans 
should choose to give equal importance to both 
science and the humanities, there are enough ma- 
terial resources in the U.S. to endow both, amply. 



T 



.Hus FAR, however, Americans have not so 
chosen. Our culture is the poorer for it. 






the humanities' view: 




Mankind 
is nothing 
without 
individual 
men. 



"Composite man, cross-section man, 
organization man, status-seeking man 
are not here. It is still one of the 
merits of the humanities that they see 
man with all his virtues and weak- 
nesses, including his first, middle, and 
last names." 

DON CAMERON ALLEN 




WHY SHOULD an educated but practical 
American take the vitality of the 
humanities as his personal concern? 
What possible reason is there for the 
business or professional man, say, to trouble himself 
with the present predicament of such esoteric fields 
as philosophy, exotic literatures, history, and art? 
In answer, some quote Hamlet: 

What is a man 
If his chief good and market of his time 
Be but to sleep and feed? a beast, no more. 

Others, concerned with the effects of science and 
technology upon the race, may cite Lewis Mumford: 

"... It is now plain that only by restoring the 
human personality to the center of our scheme of 
thought can mechanization and automation be 
brought back into the services of life. Until this hap- 
pens in education, there is not a single advance in 
science, from the release of nuclear energy to the 
isolation of DNA in genetic inheritance, that may 
not, because of our literally absent-minded automa- 
tion in applying it, bring on disastrous consequences 
to the human race." 

Says Adlai Stevenson: 

"To survive this revolution [of science and tech- 
nology], education, not wealth and weapons, is our 
best hope — that largeness of vision and generosity of 
spirit which spring from contact with the best minds 
and treasures of our civilization." 



T 



.HE COMMISSION on the Humanities cites five 
reasons, among others, why America's need of the 
humanities is great: 

"1) All men require that a vision be held before 
them, an ideal toward which they may strive. Ameri- 
cans need such a vision today as never before in their 
history. It is both the dignity and the duty of hu- 
manists to oflfer their fellow-countrymen whatever 
understanding can be attained by fallible humanity 
of such enduring values as justice, freedom, virtue, 
beauty, and truth. Only thus do we join ourselves 
to the heritage of our nation and our human kind. 

"2) Democracy demands wisdom of the average 
man. Without the exercise of wisdom free institutions 



and personal liberty are inevitably imperiled. To 
know the best that has been thought and said in 
former times can make us wiser than we otherwise 
might be, and in this respect the humanities are not 
merely our, but the world's, best hope. 

"3) . . . [Many men] find it hard to fathom the 
motives of a country which will spend billions on its 
outward defense and at the same time do little to 
maintain the creative and imaginative abilities of its 
own people. The arts have an unparalleled capability 
for crossing the national barriers imposed by language 
and contrasting customs. The recently increased 
American encouragement of the performing arts is 
to be welcomed, and will be welcomed everywhere 
as a sign that Americans accept their cultural respon- 
sibilities, especially if it serves to prompt a corre- 
sponding increase in support for the visual and the 
liberal arts. It is by way of the humanities that we 
best come to understand cultures other than our own, 
and they best to understand ours. 

"4) World leadership of the kind which has come 
upon the United States cannot rest solely upon su- 
perior force, vast wealth, or preponderant technology. 
Only the elevation of its goals and the excellence of 
its conduct entitle one nation to ask others to follow 
its lead. These are things of the spirit. If we appear 
to discourage creativity, to demean the fanciful and 
the beautiful, to have no concern for man's ultimate 
destiny — if, in short, we ignore the humanities — then 
both our goals and our efforts to attain them will be 
measured with suspicion. 

"5) A novel and serious challenge to Americans 
is posed by the remarkable increase in their leisure 
time. The forty-hour week and the likelihood of a 
shorter one, the greater life-expectancy and the earlier 
ages of retirement, have combined to make the bless- 
ing of leisure a source of personal and community 
concern. 'What shall I do with my spare time' all-too- 
quickly becomes the question 'Who am I? What shall 
I make of my life?' When men and women find 
nothing within themselves but emptiness they turn 
to trivial and narcotic amusements, and the society 
of which they are a part becomes socially delinquent 
and potentially unstable. The humanities are the im- 
memorial answer to man's questioning and to his 
need for self-expression; they are uniquely equipped 
to fill the 'abyss of leisure.' " 

The arguments are persuasive. But, aside from the 



scholars themselves (who are already convinced), is 
anybody listening? Is anybody stirred enough to do 
something about "saving" the humanities before it 
is too late? 

"Assuming it considers the matter at all," says 
Dean George C. Branam, "the population as a whole 
sees [the death of the liberal arts tradition] only as 
the overdue departure of a pet dinosaur. 

"It is not uncommon for educated men, after 
expressing their overwhelming belief in liberal educa- 
tion, to advocate sacrificing the meager portion found 
in most curricula to get in more subjects related to 
the technical job training which is now the principal 
goal 

"The respect they profess, however honestly they 
proclaim it, is in the final analysis superficial and 
false: they must squeeze in one more math course 
for the engineer, one more course in comparative 
anatomy for the pre-medical student, one more ac- 
counting course for the business major. The business 
man does not have to know anything about a Bee- 
thoven symphony; the doctor doesn't have to com- 
prehend a line of Shakespeare; the engineer will 
perform his job well enough without ever having 
heard of Machiavelli. The unspoken assumption is 
that the proper function of education is job training 
and that alone." 

Job training, of course, is one thing the humanities 
rarely provide, except for the handful of students 
who will go on to become teachers of the humanities 
themselves. Rather, as a committee of schoolmen 
has put it, "they are fields of study which hold values 
for all human beings regardless of their abilities, 
interests, or means of livelihood. These studies hold 
such values for all men precisely because they are 
focused upon universal qualities rather than upon 
specific and measurable ends. . . . [They] help man to 
find a purpose, endow him with the ability to criticize 
intelligently and therefore to improve his own society, 
and establish for the individual his sense of identity 
with other men both in his own country and in the 
world at large." 



I 



-S THIS reason enough for educated Americans 
to give the humanities their urgently needed support? 



# The humanities: "Our Hves are 



^^I'pon the humanities depend the 
national ethic and moralitv. . . 






the substance they are made of." 




. . . the nalional use of our 

environment and our material accumjilixhments.'''' 



. . . the national aesthetic and 
beauty or lack of it . . . 




# "J viilUon- dollar 
project without 
a 7nillion dollars^' 



THE CRISIS in the humanities involves people, 
facilities, and money. The greatest of these, 
many believe, is money. With more funds, 
the other parts of the humanities' problem 
would not be impossible to solve. Without more, 
they may well be. 

More money would help attract more bright stu- 
dents into the humanities. Today the lack of funds is 
turning many of today's most talented young people 
into more lucrative fields. "Students are no different 
from other people in that they can quickly observe 
where the money is available, and draw the logical 
conclusion as to which activities their society con- 
siders important," the Commission on the Humanities 
observes. A dean puts it bluntly: "The bright student, 
as well as a white rat, knows a reward when he sees 
one." 

More money would strengthen college and uni- 
versity faculties. In many areas, more faculty mem- 
bers are needed urgently. The American Philosophical 
Association, for example, reports: ". . . Teaching 
demands will increase enormously in the years im- 
mediately to come. The result is: (1) the quahty of 
humanistic teaching is now in serious danger of de- 
teriorating; (2) qualified teachers are attracted to 
other endeavors; and (3) the progress of research and 
creative work within the humanistic disciplines falls 
far behind that of the sciences." 

More money would permit the establishment of 
new scholarships, fellowships, and loans to students. 




More money would stimulate travel and hence 
strengthen research. "Even those of us who have 
access to good libraries on our own campuses must 
travel far afield for many materials essential to 
scholarship," say members of the Modern Language 
Association. 

More money would finance the publication of long- 
overdue collections of literary works. Collections of 
Whitman, Hawthorne, and Melville, for example, 
are "ofl^cially under way [but] face both scholarly 
and financial problems." The same is true of transla- 
tions of foreign literature. Taking Russian authors as 
an example, the Modern Language Association notes: 
"The major novels and other works of Turgenev, 
Gogol, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Chekhov are readily 
available, but many of the translations are inferior 
and most editions lack notes and adequate introduc- 




tions. . . . There are more than half a dozen transla- 
tions of Crime and Punishment. . . . but there is no 
English edition of Dostoevsky's critical articles, and 
none of his complete published letters. [Other] writers 
of outstanding importance. . . . have been treated 
only in a desultory fashion." 

More money would enable historians to enter areas 
now covered only adequately. "Additional, more 
substantial, or more immediate help," historians say, 
is needed for studies of Asia, Russia, Central Europe, 
the Middle East, and North Africa; for work in intel- 
lectual history; for studying the history of our West- 
ern tradition "with its roots in ancient, classical. 
Christian, and medieval history"; and for "renewed 
emphasis on the history of Western Europe and 
America." "As modest in their talents as in their 
public position," a committee of the American His- 



THUS PROFESSOR GAY WILSON ALLEN, One of the 

editors, describes the work on a complete edition 
of the writings of Wait Whitman. Because of a 
lack of sufficient funds, many important htcrary 
projects are stalled in the United States. One in- 
dication of the state of affairs: the works of only 
two American literary figures — Emily Dickinson 
and Sidney Lanier — are considered to have been 
collected in editions that need no major revisions. 



torical Association says, "our historians too often 
have shown themselves timid and pedestrian in ap- 
proach, dull and unimaginative in their writing. Yet 
these are vices that stem from public indifference." 

More money would enable some scholars, now en- 
gaged in "applied" research in order to get funds, to 
undertake "pure" research, where they might be far 
more valuable to themselves and to society. An ex- 
ample, from the field of linguistics: Money has been 
available in substantial quantities for research related 
to foreign-language teaching, to the development of 
language-translation machines, or to military com- 
munications. "The results are predictable," says a 
report of the Linguistics Society of America. "On 
the one hand, the linguist is tempted into subterfuge — 
dressing up a problem of basic research to make it 
look like applied research. Or, on the other hand, he 
is tempted into applied research for which he is not 
really ready, because the basic research which must 
lie behind it has not yet been done." 

More money would greatly stimulate work in 
archaeology. "The lessons of Man's past are humbling 
ones," Professor William Foxwell Albright, one of 
the world's leading Biblical archaeologists, has said. 
"They are also useful ones. For if anything is clear, 
it is that we cannot dismiss any part of our human 
story as irrelevant to the future of inankind." But, 
reports the Archaeological Institute of America, "the 
knowledge of valuable ancient remains is often per- 
manently lost to us for the lack of as little as $5,000." 



MORE money: that is the great need. But 
where will it come from? 
Science and technology, in America, 
owe much of their present financial 
strength — and, hence, the means behind their spec- 
tacular accomplishments — to the Federal govern- 
ment. Since World War 11, billions of dollars have 
flowed I'rom Washington to the nation's laboratories, 
including those on many a college and university 
campus. 

The humanities have received relatively few such 
dollars, most of them earmarked for foreign language 
projects and area studies. One Congressional report 
showed that virtually all Federal grants for academic 
facilities and equipment were spent for science; 87 
percent of Federal funds for graduate fellowships 
went to science and engineering; by far the bulk of 
Federal support of faculty members (more than $60 
million) went to science; and most of the Federal 
money for curriculum strengthening was spent on 
science. Of $1,126 billion in Federal funds for basic 
research in 1962, it was calculated that 66 percent 
went to the physical sciences, 29 percent to the life 
sciences, 3 percent to the psychological sciences, 2 
percent to the social sciences, and I percent to "other" 
fields. (The figures total 101 percent because fractions 
are rounded out.) 

The funds — particularly those for research — were 
appropriated on the basis of a clearcut quid pro quo: 
in return for its money, the government would get 
research results plainly contributing to the national 
welfare, particularly health and defense. 

With a few exceptions, activities covered by the 
humanities have not been considered by Congress to 
contribute sufficiently to "the national welfare" to 
qualify for such Federal support. 



I 



.T IS on precisely this point — that the humanities 
are indeed essential to the national welfare — that 
persons and organizations active in the humanities 
are now basing a strong appeal for Federal support. 

The appeal is centered in a report of the Commis- 
sion on the Humanities, produced by a group of dis- 
tinguished scholars and non-scholars under the chair- 
manship of Barnaby C. Keeney, the president of 
Brown University, and endorsed by organization 
after organization of humanities specialists. 

"Traditionally our government has entered areas 



where there were overt difl^culties or where an oppor- 
tunity had opened for exceptional achievement," the 
report states. "The humanities fit both categories, 
for the potential achievements are enormous while 
the troubles stemming from inadequate support are 
comparably great. 1 he problems are of nationwide 
scope and interest. Upon the humanities depend the 
national clhic and morality, the national aesthetic 
and beauty or the lack of it, the national use of our 
environment and our material accomplishments. . . . 

"The stakes are so high and the issues of such 
magnitude that the humanities must have substantial 
help both from the Federal government and from 
other sources." 

The commission's recommendation: "the establish- 
ment of a National Humanities Foundation to 
parallel the National Science Foundation, which is so 
successfully carrying out the public responsibilities 
entrusted to it." 



s, 



UCH A PROPOSAL raises important questions 
for Congress and for all Americans. 

Is Federal aid, for example, truly necessary? Can- 
not private sources, along with the states and mu- 
nicipalities which already support much of American 
higher education, carry the burden? The advocates 
of Federal support point, in reply, to the present 
state of the humanities. Apparently such sources of 
support, alone, have not been adequate. 

Will Federal aid lead inevitably to Federal control? 
"There are those who think that the danger of 



^^ Until they zvaut to^ 
it wonH he clone. ^^ 



BARNABY c. KEENEY (opposltc page). University 
president and scholar in the humanities, chairs 
the Commission on the Humanities, which has 
recommended the estabhshment of a Federally 
financed National Humanities Foundation. Will 
this lead to Federal interference? Says President 
Keeney: "When the people of the U.S. want to 
control teaching and scholarship in the humani- 
ties, they will do it regardless of whether there is 
Federal aid. Until they want to, it won't be done." 



Federal control is greater in the humanities and the 
arts than in the sciences, presumably because politics 
will bow to objective facts but not to values and 
taste," acknowledges Frederick Burkhardt, president 
of the American Council of Learned Societies, one 
of the sponsors of the Commission on the Humanities 
and an endorser of its recommendation. "The plain 
fact is that there is always a danger of external con- 
trol or interference in education and research, on 
both the Federal and local levels, in both the public 
and private sectors. The establishment of institutions 
and procedures that reduce or eliminate such inter- 
ference is one of the great achievements of the demo- 
cratic system of government and way of life." 

Say the committeemen of the American Historical 
Association: "A government which gives no support 
at all to humane values may be careless of its own 
destiny, but that government which gives too much 
support (and policy direction) may be more danger- 
ous still. Inescapably, we must somehow increase the 
prestige of the humanities and the flow of funds. At 
the same time, however grave this need, we must 
safeguard the independence, the originality, and the 
freedom of expression of those individuals and those 
groups and those institutions which are concerned 
with Uberal learning." 

Fearing a serious erosion of such independence, 
some persons in higher education flatly oppose Fed- 
eral support, and refuse it when it is offered. 



Whether or not Washington does assume a role in 
financing the humanities, through a National Hu- 
manities Foundation or otherwise, this much is cer- 
tain: the humanities, if they are to regain strength 
in this country, must have greater understanding, 
backing, and support. More funds from private 
sources are a necessity, even if (perhaps especially if) 
Federal money becomes available. A diversity of 
sources of funds can be the humanities' best insurance 
against control by any one. 

Happily, the humanities are one sector of higher 
education in which private gifts — even modest gifts — 
can still achieve notable results. Few Americans are 
wealthy enough to endow a cyclotron, but there are 
many who could, if they would, endow a research 
fellowship or help build a library collection in the 
humanities. 



I 



.N BOTH public and private institutions, in both 
small colleges and large universities, the need is ur- 
gent. Beyond the campuses, it affects every phase of 
the national life. 

This is the fateful question: 

Do we Americans, amidst our material well-being, 
have the wisdom, the vision, and the determination 
to save our culture's very soul? 



The report on this and the preceding 15 
pages is the product of a cooperative en- 
deavor in which scores of schools, colleges, 
and universities are taking part. It was 
prepared under the direction of the group 
listed below, who form editorial projects 
FOR EDUCATION, a non-profit organization 



associated with the American Alumni 
Council. (The editors, of course, speak for 
themselves and not for their institutions.) 
Copyright © 1965 by Editorial Projects for 
Education, Inc. All rights reserved; no 
part may be reproduced without express 
permission of the editors. Printed in U.S.A. 



DENTON BEAL 

Carnegie Institute of Technology 

DAVID A. BURR 

The University of Oklahoma 

DAN ENDSLEY 

Stanford University 

BEATRICE M. FIELD 

Tulane University 

MARALYN O. GILLESPIE 

Swarlhmore College 



CHARLES M. HELMKEN 

American Alumni Council 

JOHN I. MATTILL 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

KEN METZLER 

The University of Oregon 

RUSSELL OLIN 

The University of Colorado 

JOHN W. PATON 

Wesleyan University 



ROBERT L. PAYTON 

Washington University 

ROBERT M. RHODES 

The University of Pennsylvania 

VERNE A. STADTMAN 

The University of California 

FREDERIC A. STOTT 

Phillips Academy, Andover 

FRANK J. TATE 

The Ohio State University 



CHARLES E. WIDMAYER 

Dartmouth College 

DOROTHY F. WILLIAMS 

Simmons College 

RONALD A. WOLK 

The Johns Hopkins University 

ELIZABETH BOND WOOD 

Sweet Briar College 

CHESLEY WORTHINGTON 

Brown University 



CORBIN GWALTNEY 

Executive Editor 



JOHN A. GROWL 

Associate Editor 




rhe Humanities: Something More 

On Camera: 



Welty on Faulkner 



Eudora Welty was asked to assume the 
responsibility for one of the fifteen-min- 
ute television programs in the WLBT series 
"Our Colleges." She graciously consented 
despite a hectic schedule. She chose to 
show one aspect of her course on creative 
writing at Millsaps, asking two of her most 
talented students to join her in a discus- 
sion of a William Faulkner story. Thus 
were Mississippians treated to a discussion 
of one of the state's most famous sons by its 
most famous daughter. Presented on these 
pages is a transcript of the program. Miss 
Welty's comment on the show was that 
it demonstrated that "in fifteen minutes 
a class like ours hasn't got anywhere." 
Perhaps if nothing else it shows what writ- 
ers look for and at in the work of other 
writers. 



Miss Welty: Norma Craig, Steve Cannon, and I are part 
of the Millsaps course in creative writing, which we 
call "The Craft of Fiction." This is a work class; 
we meet twice a week; we have seventeen students. 
We write stories, read them aloud in class, and 
they are subject to criticism and comment from the 
other members of the class and from me, the teach- 
er. On days on which we don't have a story turned 
in, we read one such as "Spotted Horses," by Wil- 
liam Faulkner. We try to study other stories, not in 
a cold, analytical way, but from the point of view 
of writers, seeing what another writer, who really 
is up at the top, has done with problems that we 
can understand. 

"Spotted Horses" is a part of The Hamlet, 
which William Faulkner published in 1940, and it is 
most noted for introducing the Snopes family for 
the first time to the world, and also Ratliff, of 
whom Faulkner was very fond and who he thought 
was his character of sanity, an observer, whom he 
liked very much. 

It is 72 pages long, which is quite long for a 
short story. It is set, he said one time, around 1907 
or 1908. So, with that background, Steve, could you 
give us an idea about the story? 



25 



The Humanities: Something More 

While the cameras roll 




Mr. Cannon: The story begins when Flem Snopes re- 
turns to Frenchman's Bend, Mississippi, after an 
absence in Texas. The significant thing is that Flem 
Snopes brings back about fifteen wild, delirious, 
spotted horses, which everyone immediately begins 
to suspect that he's going to try to pawn off on the 
unsuspecting citizens of Frenchman's Bend, includ- 
ing his own relatives who happen to be there. With 
him, though, comes a Texan, who Flem Snopes 
tries to make everyone believe owns the horses. He 
feels that, because of his own unsavory reputation, 
they will buy the horses with more trust from the 
Texan than they would from him. 

The next day after they arrive with the horses 
they begin to auction them, and at the end of the 
day the Texan has sold all but three of them, and 
he gets in his wagon and drives off. The compli- 
cations begin in the story when the men who bought 
the horses try to get their purchases from the cor- 
ral, which seems an easy task if the horses were any 
but the spotted horses. The spotted horses end up 
running over everyone who tries to touch one of 
them. One runs down the road and into a wagon 
carrying Mrs. Tull and her husband and destroys 
the wagon and knocks the man onto the bridge, 
splinters up his face, which causes the TuUs to 



bring an action against Eck Snopes, because i 
was Eck Snopes' horse that had run into the wa 
gon. In court it is revealed that the Texar 
had given the horse to Eck Snopes, rather than his 
buying it, so Eck Snopes did not actually own the 
horse, and Mrs. Tull, who hoped to get some com 
pensation of a financial nature from this thing, gets 
the horse, which makes her even more furious 
about the whole thing. 
Mrs. Craig: Especially since the horse is dead — he 
broke his neck the night before when they were try- 
ing to catch him. So she gets the dead horse. 

Miss Welty: And part of that, I think, was Flem's 
smartness — there was no record at all of this gift. 

Mrs. Craig: In the whole story he's the villain, but he's 
never there. I started trying to count the number 
of times he spoke — that is, the villain spoke — in 
the story, and, you know, he really doesn't speak 
but ten sentences in the entire 72 pages. 

Miss Welty: He doesn't need to. Do you know that mar- 
velous characterization of him — let me see, it's on 
Page 378. It's about how Flem never tells his own 
business. " 'His own kin will be the last man in the 
world to find out anything about Flem Snopes' busi- 



26 



" 'No,' the first said. 'He wouldn't even be that. 
The first man Flem would tell his business to would 
be the man that was left after the last man died. 
Flem Snopes don't even tell himself what he is up 
to. Not if he was laying in bed with himself in a 
empty house in the dark of the moon.' " 

This is a marvelously humorous story — it's one 
of the funniest stories I have ever read. Don't 
you agree, Norma? Steve? 

Mr. Cannon: Yes. 

Mrs. Craig: You and Steve agree on it, but I really 
. . . the pathos of it got to me so badly. It really 
didn't seem funny to me. I was about to make a 
marvelous generalization, that maybe men would 
see the humor in it more than the pathos. As an 
example, when Salinger's Catcher in the Rye came 
out, the men I knew who read it said, "It's the 
funniest story I've ever read." And when I read it 
I thought it was the saddest thing I had read, and 
I thought, "Well, it's just that there is humor there 
and pathos there, and the humor strikes men and 
the pathos strikes women." 

Vliss Welty: Faulkner, I think, was making the distinc- 
tion throughout that the men were the ones who 
were captivated by the horses, and paid their last 
dime — $5, as it were — to get a horse, when it was 
the women, as exemplified by poor Mrs. Armstid, 
who had to pay. It was Mrs. Littlejohn in whose 
yard all this was happening and who watches the 
whole thing as she makes endless trips out to the 
yard — take out the washpot, hang out the clothes, 
pick up the clothes — between each thing she does, 
she looks at the men, and her first word and only 
word in the whole thing is, after the man is carried 
into her house and put on her bed, having been 
trampled by the horses and all the horses have es- 
caped and with them everybody's money and the 
whole day is absolutely madness and chaos, she 
says, "You men!" 

On Page 408 she says, " 'I declare. You men. 
You all get out of here, V. K.,' she said to Ratliff. 
'Go outside. See if you can't find something else 
to play with that will kill some more of you.' " 

Only in Frenchman's Bend would they, knowing 
that they have been cheated, knowing everything 
else, knowing they can't catch the horses — it's no 
surprise to them, they've been seeing them all day 
long — only here would they insist on buying the 
horses. These horses have never been under a roof 
before, they've never seen fences before, they ex- 
plode, they tear all over the place. The men know 
they can't catch them, and as Eck says, "I don't 
want to pay for nothing I can't catch." But still 
they buy them. 

Mrs. Craig: He said, "Why buy a horse when I can go 
down and get a snapping turtle or a moccasin out 
of the creek if I want it?" 

Miss Welty: Nobody is fooled by this but they want to 
do it, and that's why it's so comic. . . . 

Mrs. Craig: And so pitiful. In Mrs. Armstid's case, 
when she had saved $5 for months, weaving with 
string, old string that she'd saved and other wom- 
en had given her, and she had sat up at night 
after her children had gone to bed and woven and 
made $5 after months and months, and her husband 
spends it on this horse. . . . 

Miss Welty: It might have bought shoes for the "little 



chaps." It meant so much to her that she said she 
would know those five dollars if she saw them again. 

Mr. Cannon: Faulkner, I think, is very unsympathetic, 
especially with Armstid and Flem Snopes and the 
others, but there are two men characters that he 
is sympathetic with — Ratliff and the Texan. I think 
the Texan is really an outsider, especially as shown 
when he tried to give Henry Armstid the money 
back for the horses. 

Miss Welty: That's true, but do you agree that Faulkner 
is unsympathetic toward the Armstids? 

Mrs. Craig: I think he presents them as sort of trapped 
people. 

Miss Welty: They were, but I felt that his sympathy 
was profound in that case. 

Mr. Cannon: I think he was sympathetic with Mrs. Arm- 
stid. 

Miss Welty: Oh, not with Henry, how could he be? 

Mr. Cannon: I think he was more sympathetic with 
Mrs. Armstid than anyone else in the whole story. 

Miss Welty: "Spotted Horses" is an enormous, compli- 
cated story, weaving in all those strands, of what's 
comic and comic not for its own sake but as a 
means of enlightenment, of showing what's happen- 
ing, of the pathetic and of the extremely realistic, 
all meticulously observed — it's something that only 
Faulkner could have done. His great knowledge of 
the world he wrote about. . . . 

Mrs. Craig: Everything he mentions, from the descrip- 
tion of the pear tree in the moonlight, the way the 
branches and flowers stood up like a drowned wom- 
an's hair. . . . 

Miss Welty: The beautiful lyric world. . . . 

Mrs. Craig: And to the way a man's thighs look when 
he's sitting on a fence post. . . . 

Miss Welty: And the marvelous spotted horses them- 
selves. . . . 

Mrs. Craig: Oh, they sounded ugly to me, terribly ugly, 
with pink faces, and wild. He kept describing them 
as "bigger than rabbits." 

Mr. Cannon: The people who were cynical about the 
horses said, "Maybe it's a painted dog. It's really 
not a horse at all." They were so small and un- 
horselike. 

Mrs. Craig: And the horses ceased to exist at the end. 
At the end of the story they're as gone as they were 
when the story opened. Nobody has gotten one, and 
they've all completely disappeared, and the only 
one who has come out on top is Flem Snopes. 

Mr. Cannon: He keeps saying, "They weren't none of 
my horses." 

Miss Welty: Steve, what do you think is Ratliff 's real 
function in the story? 

Mr. Cannon: I think that Ratliff is Faulkner in the story. 
Ratliff is the voice of sanity. Through his mind or 
his consciousness Faulkner shows the cruelty of the 
situation to which Mrs. Armstid is subjected, the 
idiocy. 

Miss Welty: And he can cope with it. As Faulkner said 
once about Ratliff, "His digestion is good. He can 
cope with anything." And we need a voice like that 
in the middle of this world. 

Mrs. Craig: Faulkner said that about himself once, too 
— that if he could come back he'd like to come as 
a buzzard because nobody bothers them and they 
can eat anything. 



27 



Events of Note 



(Continued from Page 3) 
member of Junior Classical League. 
Pat Amos, Hazlehurst High 
School guard and halfback; 5'9, 165 
pounds; All Little Dixie squad two 
years; Most Valuable Lineman, 
1963; co-captain, 1964; honor stu- 
dent; plans to major in English. 

Timmie Millis, Copiah-Lincoln 
guard; 5'11, 195 pounds; All State 
Junior College second team; cap- 
tain of high school and Co-Lin 
teams; vice - president of high 
school Student Council; president of 
high school Hi-Y. 

Gus Rushing, Cleveland High 
School center; 5'11, 190 pounds; All 
Delta Valley Conference center; 
Outstanding Lineman, 1964; captain 
of team; president of senior class; 
vice-president of National Honor 
Society; president of church's youth 
council; premed student; brother 
of Clift Rushing, '58. 

John Hart, Perkinston Junior 
College tackle; 6'1, 205 pounds; lieu- 
tenant governor of J.E.T.S.; vice- 
president, National Honor Council; 
chemistry major. 

Richard Dambrino, Perkinston 
Junior College tackle; 6'1, 235 
pounds; vice - president, B Club; 
treasurer, Safety Council; member, 
MYF and Key Club; business ma- 
jor. 

Steve Miles, Perkinston Junior 
College quarterback; 5'9, 16 5 
pounds; Most Valuable Player, 
1962; member, Hi-Y, G Club; busi- 
ness major. 

Millsaps students who have been 
designated for awards are as follows: 
Jimmy Waide, end, 6', 185 pounds; 
Tommy Bums, guard, 6', 170 pounds; 
Edwin Massey, quarterback, 6', 180 
pounds; David Morris, halfback, 5'9, 
150 pounds; Tom Rebold, tackle, 6', 
190 pounds; Ron Walker, end, 5'11, 
170 pounds; Prentiss Bellue, guard, 
5'9, 165 pounds; Lynn McMahan, 
tackle, 5'9, 190 pounds; Webb Buie, 
end, 6', 175 pounds; Tommy McDan- 
iel, guard, 5'11, 185 pounds; and Paul 
Richardson, end, 6', 180 pounds. 

SHIPMAN FOUNDATION SET 

Officials have announced the estab- 
lishment of the William Sharp Ship- 
man Foundation Scholarship Fund for 
the assistance of senior ministerial 
students. 



The scholarship was established by 
Austin L. Shipman, a 1921 graduate 
of Millsaps, in memory of his father, 
who was a dedicated minister in the 
Methodist Church for over fifty 
years. 

Mr. Shipman is Southeastern man- 
ager of D. C. Heath and Company, 
with headquarters in Atlanta. 
EQUIPMENT DEDICATED 

The $20,000 x-ray diffraction equip- 
ment recently acquired by Millsaps 
College, in part through a General 
Electric Company proficiency award, 
has been dedicated to the memory 
of Dr. J. Magruder Sullivan, for 
forty-four years a member of the 
Millsaps faculty. 

Some supplementary equipment 
for x-ray analysis has been given to 
the College by Dr. Sullivan's son, C. 
C. Sullivan, '17-'20, of Hattiesburg. 

The bronze plaque commemorating 
Dr. Sullivan has been placed on the 
wall of the basement laboratory in 
Sullivan-Harrell Science Hall which 
houses the apparatus. Older MiUsaps 
former students will identify the site 
as Dr. Sullivan's "bone room," where 
he processed many of his geological 
finds. 

Dr. Sullivan, who died in 1957, was 
one of the founders of the Mississippi 
Academy of Science. He and Dr. 
George Lott Harrell, professor of 
physics and astronomy at Millsaps 
for many years, were unanimously 
elected the first honorary members 
of the Academy in 1951. Sullivan- 
Harrell HaU was named in honor of 
the two scholars. 

Dr. Sullivan was chairman of the 
chemistry and geology departments 
at Millsaps from 1902 to 1942. He con- 
tinued to teach through 1948. He was 
recognized as an authority on fossils 
in the southeastern United States 
and especially of those in the Jack- 
son area. Some of his collections are 
now housed in Sullivan-Harrell Hall. 
Several fossils were named for Dr. 
Sullivan and are now in the Smith- 
sonian Institute in Washington, D.C. 

Dr. R. R. Priddy, chairman of the 
Millsaps geology department, said, 
"It is appropriate that the equipment 
dedicated to Dr. Sullivan is for use 
by all sciences because he was inter- 
ested in biology, physics, and astron- 
omy as well as in his beloved chem- 
istry and geology." 



The new x-ray equipment permits 
rapid identification of an unknown 
substance by indicating the intensity 
and direction of radiation scattered, 
or diffracted, from the substance. The 
substance may be either a single 
crystal, or a mixture of dissimilar 
polycrystalline material. Each sub- 
stance scatters the x-rays in its own 
unique diffraction pattern, producing 
a "fingerpint" of its atomic and 
molecular structure. 

One of the first contributions of the 
relatively new x-ray diffraction tech- 
nique, MiUsaps scientists say, was 
the confirmation of the theory that 
solids consist of a regular piUng of 
spheres, or atoms, and that the 
molecular architecture is governed by 
rules of symmetry in a repetitive 
sequence. 

"A whole new science of funda- 
mental knowledge has sprung from 
the early diffraction experiments,"! 
states Wendell B. Johnson, assistant' 
professor of geology, who is in charge 
of the equipment. 

Synthesizing of penicillin was one 
of the achievements made possible 
by x-ray diffraction, Johnson re- 
marked. Diffraction and related tech- 
niques are being used in almost every 
area of scientific inquiry. Among its 
uses are the analysis of dusts and 
their correlation with industrial 
diseases, and the study of effects of 
diseases on the structure of tissue 
and bones. 

JAPANESE BOOKS RECEIVED 

A collection of books on various 
aspects of Japanese culture has been 
presented to Millsaps by the Japan 
Society of New York. 

The books, which include a large 
folio of photographs of various reg- 
ions of Japan and a bilingual volume 
on the special form of Japanese 
poetry known as haiku, were taken 
from the Society's own library. 

One of the auns of the Society is 
to stimulate interest in Japanese 
civilization. Institutions which have 
courses in oriental studies or which 
have a faculty member who has a 
degree in oriental studies are eligible 
for cash grants for the purchase of 
books. Since Millsaps has neither, 
the Society volunteered to send from 
its own shelves books of which it 
had duplicate copies. 



28 



William Baskin, chairman of the 
romance languages department and a 
member of the Japan Society, said it 
was anticipated that the books would 
supplement materials for courses in 
history, political science, and art. 

GALLOWAY HONORED 

Professor Charles B. Galloway has 
been named regional counselor for 
the state of Mississippi by the Amer- 
ican Association of Physics Teachers 
and the American Institute of 
Physics. 

Mr. Galloway was selected for his 
competence in physics, interest in 
improving physics teaching, and abil- 
ity to work effectively in Mississippi 
to reach the objectives of the 
program. 

He wUl work actively with educa- 
tional authorities in Mississippi to 
improve the quality of high school 
physics teaching in the state. 





Peggy Atwood, '64, to Merritt E. 
Jones, '62. Living in Pasadena, Texas. 

Dorothy Virginia Allen to Thomas 
Ebb Moore, '58-' 81. Living in Jackson. 

Margaret Ann Byrnes to Herbert 
Jackson Alleman, '60-'62. Living in 
Natchez, Mississippi. 

Marianne Ford, '36, to Edwin Sorsby 
Cook. 

Sara Terry Hyman, '60-'62, to Wil- 
liam Gerald King. Living in Fort 
Lauderdale, Florida. 

Frances Mills to Dr. Fred Yerger, 
'53-'56. Living in Jackson. 

Alyce Ann NouUet, '60-'61, to Charles 
Richard Gaston. Living in Jackson. 

Sue Elizabeth Riddell, '40-'42, to 
Edward Randolph White, Jr. Living 
in Jackson. 

Carolyn Cook Shannon, '62, to 
James A. Townes, 111. Living in Min- 
ter City, Mississippi. 

Charlayne Elizabeth Sullivan, '57, to 
Jerry Holmes Blount. Living at Uni- 
versity, Mississippi. 

Juanlta Wright, '57, to Edmund 
Paul Lafko. Living in Tampa, Florida. 

Sara Margaret Yarbrough, '60, to 
Robert Carl Wallace. Living in Rich- 
mond, Virginia. 







(Children listed in this column must 
be under one year of age. Please re- 
port births promptly to assure pub- 
lication.) 

Rebecca Irene Bourne, born Sep- 
tember 18 to Mr. and Mrs. J. D. 
Bourne (Jewel Taylor, '60), of Hunts- 
ville, Alabama. She was welcomed 
by Cathy, 2. 

Walter A. Clements, III, born Oc- 
tober 20 to Mr. and Mrs. Walter A. 
Clements, Jr. (Betty Gay Joest, '64), 
of Jackson. 

Derrick Edward Cox, born January 
8 to Mr. and Mrs. Edward Cox (Pen- 
ny Wofford, '62), of Eau Gallie, Flori- 
da. 

Sally Eileen Doyle, born August 5 
to the Reverend and Mrs. Lloyd Al- 
len Doyle, Jr., of Paducah, Kentucky. 
Mr. Doyle is a '57 graduate. Sally 
Eileen has an older brother. 

Kelly Ruth Love, born January 12 to 
Dr. and Mrs. Kimble Love (Anne 
Hyman), '60 and '57-'58, of Jackson. 
She was welcomed by Kimble, Jr., 
5, Keaton, 31/2, and Kerry Anne, IV2. 

John Max McDaniel, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Max Harold McDaniel (San- 
dra Miller), both '57, of Athens, Geor- 
gia, on January 2-5. Harold Edward, 
II, 22 months, welcomed his brother. 

Dan Anderson Mcintosh, IV, born 
December 21 to Mr. and Mrs. Dan 
A. Mcintosh, III, of Mendenhall, Mis- 
sissippi. Mr. Mcintosh, an attorney, 
graduated in 1932. 

Carol Ann McKaskel, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Edwin P. McKaskel, of 
Belleville, Illinois, on January 28. Mr. 
McKaskel graduated in 1959. 

Susan Michele McKnight, born Sep- 
tember 14 to Mr. and Mrs. William E. 
xMcKnight (Sue Roberts), both '60, of 
Cleveland, Mississippi. 

Lloyd Patrick Moreland, Jr., born 
to Mr. and Mrs. L. Pat Moreland 
(Alice Wells, '63), of Jackson, on De- 
cember 6. 

Lydia Vonee Neel, born August 1 to 
Mr. and Mrs. William S. Neel (Bar- 
bara Bowie, '58), of Holly Bluff, Mis- 
sissippi. 

Rachael Allison Orr, born August 
18 to Captain and Mrs. Edwin Reed 
Orr (Gay Piper), '57 and '59, of Bent- 
water Air Force Base, England. 



Helen Frances Poole, born Decem- 
ber 28 to the Reverend and Mrs. 
Franklin P. Poole (Mary Lewis, '54- 
'55), of Alexandria, Louisiana. She 
was welcomed by Franklin and Bry- 
ant. 

David Barrett Ridgway, born Oc- 
tober 22 to Mr. and Mrs. Ray Ridg- 
way (Selma Earnest), '61 and '60, of 
Jackson. 

Karen Denise Rogers, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. William Raymon Rogers, of 
Hazlehurst, Mississippi, on February 
6. Mr. Rogers graduated in 1948. 

Ethan Lee Shaw, born September 
13 to Mr. and Mrs. Hugh C. Shaw, 
Jr. (Sandy Aldridge, '62), of Neder- 
land, Texas. 

Glynn Allyson Walters, born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Jon Walters (Mary Glynn 
Lott), '57-'60 and '60, of Lynchburg, 
Virginia, on November 29. 

David Edward Welch, born on No- 
vember 10 to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 
C. Welch (Jo Anne Reagan), '59 
and '60, of Dallas, Texas. Thomas An- 
drew, 3V2 , greeted his brother. 

Laura Alice Wimberly, born Octo- 
ber 20 to Mr. and Mrs. John E. Wim- 
berly (Clara Smith), '58 and '59, of 
Key West, Florida. She was greeted 
by John, iy2. 



In Memoriam 



This column is dedicated to the 
memory of graduates, former stu- 
dents, and friends who have passed 
away in recent months. Every effort 
has been made to compile an accur- 
ate list, but there will be unintention- 
al omissions. Your help is solicited in 
order that we may make the column 
as complete as possible. Those whose 
memory we honor are as follows; 

H. Harris Brister, '43, who died 
February 17. He was a resident of 
Jackson. 

Eugenia Halbert, '04-'07, who died 
January 18 after a short illness. She 
lived in Jackson. 

Charles C. McCaskill, '49, who died 
\ovember 22. He was living in Coral 
Gables, Florida. 

Jack McDill, '31 - '32, who died 
March 20. He lived in Jackson. 

The Reverend Arthur A. Martin, 
•95-'96, '99-1900, who died March 6 
following a long illness. He was liv- 
ing in Cleveland, Mississippi. 

The Reverend John Cude Rous- 
seaux, '08, who was struck by an 
automobile on February 13. He lived 
in Waveland, Mississippi. 

Dr. Roderick S. Russ, '02-'04, who 
died February 8. He lived in Biloxi. 



29 



1920-1929 
A banquet honoring Robert M. 
Yarbrough, '16-' 18, who retired as 
postmaster at Indianola, Mississippi, 
last fall, was held in Jackson in Janu- 
ary by the Third District of the Mag- 
nolia Chapter of the National Associ- 
ation of Postmasters. Mr. Yarbrough, 
a former school administrator, has 
served as president of the Magnolia 
Chapter. 



Founders Day speaker on the cam- 
pus this year was Dr. Mack B. 
Swearingen, '22, who proved to be one 
of the most popular chapel speakers 
of the year with the students. Dr. 
Swearingen recalled personal memo- 
ries of Major R. W. Millsaps and de- 
fended the non-intellectual student in 
telling his audience that almost any 
motive for attending college is good 
enough because of the exposure one 
gets there. Dr. Swearingen is profes- 
sor of history at Elmira College in 
Elmira, New York. He is the son of 
the late Dr. George B. Swearingen, a 
member of the first faculty at Mill- 
saps, and the brother of Bethany 
Swearingen, '25, for a number of 
years librarian; and Mrs. 1. C. Enochs 
(Crawford Swearingen). Mrs. Swear- 
ingen is the former Mary Louise Fos- 
ter, '24-'26. 



Adding movie credits to his list of 
accomplishments is William H. Ew- 
ing, '27, now editor of the Honolulu 
Star-Bulletin. Mr. Ewing will play a 
war correspondent in the film "In 
Harm's Way," which will star John 
Wayne, Kirk Douglas, Burgess Mere- 
dith, and Dana Andrews. Mr, Ewing 
will add a touch of authenticity — he 
actually was a war correspond- 
ent with Pacific invasion forces dur- 
ing World War II. 

Brig. Gen. Robert E. Blount, '28, 
has assumed command of William 
Beaumont General Hospital in El 
Paso, Texas. General and Mrs. 
Blount (Alice Ridgway, '29), moved 
to El Paso from Washington, D. C, 
where General Blount was command- 
er of the Army Medical Research and 
Development Command in the Office 
of the Surgeon General. All three of 
the Blounts' children have attended 
Millsaps. Robert, '53, is a staff mem- 
ber of the Walter Reed Army Insti- 
tute of Research.; Richard, '62, is a 
junior at the University of Mississippi 
Medical School; and Betsy, '62-'64, is 
a junior at George Washington Uni- 
versity. 



Major 
Miscellany 



After 25 years away from the 
teaching field, Mrs. R. C. Hearon 
(Peggy O'Neal, '28) is now in the 
chemistry department at Rancocas 
Valley Regional High School in Mt. 
Holly, New Jersey. Her husband is 
plant engineer at the Burlington, New 
Jersey, plant of Hercules Powder 
Company. One of her sons is a gradu- 
ate student in mechanical engineering 
at Mississippi State University and 
the other is a liberal arts zoology ma- 
jor in his junior year at the Uni- 
versity of Maryland. 

1930-1939 
Former Tennessee Governor Bu- 
ford Ellington, '26-'27, '29-'30, has been 
named by President Johnson to head 
the Office of Emergency Planning. 
The OEP is an agency geared to 
mobilize the civilian and industrial 
populace if the United States should 
become engaged in war. A New York 
Times story describes Mr. Ellington 
as a close friend of President John- 
son who "not only sits in on Presi- 
dential buU sessions but talks bulls 
with Mr. Johnson." Mr. Ellington had 
two farms in Tennessee, one of which 
he recently sold, along with 250 head 
of cattle. The Times story indicated 
that many Tennessee political observ- 
ers believe he will return to the state 
next year to run for governor again. 

Prentice-Hall has published two ad- 
ditional volumes of the Princeton 
Studies, Humanistic Scholarship in 
America, a series backed by a grant 
from the Ford Foundation. One of 
them is Religion, edited by Paul 
Ramsey, '35, Harrington Spear Paine 
Professor of Religion at Princeton 
University. Mrs. Ramsey is the for- 
mer Effie Register, '37-'3B. 

Hinds Junior College, in Raymond, 
Mississippi, wiU elevate Dr. Robert 
M. Mayo, '37, to the presidency on 
July 1. Dr. Mayo has served as vice- 
president of the junior college for the 
past five years, coming to Hinds with 



a background in Mississippi educa- 
tion dating back to 1937. Dr. Mayo 
currently serves as president of the 
Millsaps Alumni Association. He is 
married to the former Lee Cloud and 
has three sons. 

1940-1949 
Claude Passeau, '40, was one of five 
former athletes inducted into the 
Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame in 
February. Mr. Passeau, who wor 
twelve letters while at Millsaps, had 
a major league pitching record o£ 
162 victories and 150 losses. 

Author &. Journalist, a national 
magazine for writers, has been pur- 
chased by Larston D. Farrar. '40, who 
will move the magazine's offices frorr 
Denver to Washington, D. C. The pub- 
lication is an information medium foi 
writers. Mr. Farrar is the author oi 
several books on freelance writini 
and a publisher of trade magazines. 

The Department of the Army Meri 
torious Civilian Service Award has 
been presented to William O. Tynes 
"41, for work at the Jackson installa- 
tion of the U. S. Army Engineer; 
Waterways Experiment Station. The 
award is the highest commendatioi 
which can be bestowed by the Chiet 
of Engineers. It was granted specific 
ally for his work on the manufacturt 
and engineering use of concrete. 

One alumnus who is putting her hob 
by to work for her is Mrs. Paul Tl 
Johnston (Frances Keenan, '43) 
whose husband recently completed ; 
tour of duty as commanding officei 
of the Marine Air Station in Kaneoh< 
Bay, Hawaii, and is now stationed ir 
El Toro, California. Mrs. Johnson sol( 
24 paintings while in Hawaii. Th( 
Johnstons have six children betweei 
the ages of four and fifteen years. 

New executive director of the Mis 
sissippi Children's Home Society, pri 
vate statewide adoption agency, i 
Harry C. Raymond, '43. Mr. Raymont 



30 



iias held positions as principal, teach- 
;r, and coach, director of Christian 
education, and college instructor and 
vas director of the Child Care Pro- 
gram for the Presbyterian Church in 
Vlississippi before accepting his pres- 
ent post. He is married to the former 
3ara Jane Dewees, '42-'43, and they 
lave a daughter, Rita, 13. 

Kinchen Williams Exum, '44, has 
been elected a Fellow of the Royal 
society of Arts. Founded in 1753, the 
Society honors those who have made 
contributions to the fields of art and 
lommerce. Queen Elizabeth is the 
matron and Prince Philip is the presi- 
dent. Mr. Exum, now a resident of 
Chattanooga, is associate editor of the 
Chattanooga News-Free Press. His ac- 
ivities in civic, social, religious, and 
listorical organizations are numer- 
ous. He is married to the former 
Helen Jane McDonald and they have 
six children. 

A new book entitled Devotions for 
foung Teens, by Helen F. Couch and 
Sam S. Barefield, '46, has been pub- 
lished by Abingdon Press. Mr. Bare- 
field is associate director of the De- 
partment of Audio-Visual Resources 
of the Television, Radio and Film 
Commission of the Methodist Church. 
Mrs. Barefield is the former Mary 
^ell Sells, '46. 

1950-1959 
Two Jackson banks have announced 
promotions for Millsaps alumni. Jack- 
son-Hinds promoted Mark Yerger, 
'59, to assistant vice-president and 
Paul B. King, '50, to assistant cash- 
ier. First Federal Savings and Loan 
appointed Mrs. Mary Stone Brister, 
'42, to assistant secretary of the 
bank, promoting her from secretary 
to the president. Mr. and Mrs. Yer- 
ger (Ann Elizabeth Porter, '59) have 
a daughter, Kimberly, and Mr. and 
Mrs. King (Ann Alexander, '49-'51) 
have a son, Chip, and a daughter, 
Amy. 

William M. Prince, Jr., '47-'49, is 
the Columbus, Mississippi, represen- 
tative of the New Orleans investment 
firm Howard, Weil, Labouisse & 
Friedrichs. Mrs. Prince (Mary Jane 
Calmes, •47-'49) is secretary to the 
president of Mississippi State College 
for Women. The Princes have five 
children. 

The new assistant manager of the 
Jackson life and health insurance 



agency of Mutual of New York is 
Bryant Home, Jr., '53, who joined the 
agency as a field underwriter in 1953. 
Mr. and Mrs. Home (Olive Coker, 
'54) have four children. 

Mildred Carpenter, '53, will take a 
sabbatical leave from her duties with 
the Arlington, Virginia, school sys- 
tem next year to engage in further 
study. Miss Carpenter has had gradu- 
ate work at the University of Missis- 
sippi and Louisiana State University. 

Dr. Dale Russell Dunnihoo, '51-'52 
and former member of the faculty, 
was installed as a Fellow of the Amer- 
ican College of Obstetricians and 
Gynecologists early in April, Dr. Dun- 
nihoo is a member of the staff of 
Wilford Hall USAF Hospital in San 
Antonio, Texas. 

Dr. Roy A. Parker, '55, has been 
appointed Louisiana's first director of 
radiation control by Governor John 
McKeithen. He is heading the Nu- 
clear Energy Regulatory Agency, 
which conducts inspections and in- 
vestigations of all facilities using ra- 
dioactive materials in Louisana, and 
also heads the state's first radiation 
emergency reaction team. He is mar- 
ried to the former Laura Joan Todd. 

The Field Clinic of Centreville, Mis- 
sissippi, has announced the associa- 
tion of Dr. Samuel Eugene Field, Jr., 
'55. He will practice general and tho- 
racic surgery with the clinic. He is 
married to the former Esther Jane 
Swartzfager and has a daughter, 
Polly. 

President Johnson has appointed 
Lowell Jones, '55, a career foreign 
service officer, making him vice con- 
sul and a secretary in the Diplomatic 
Service. He is presently attending the 
Foreign Service Institute in Arling- 
ton, Virginia, in preparation for his 
overseas assignment. Recently em- 
ployed by the Veterans Administra- 
tion, Mr. Jones is married and cur- 
rently resides in Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. William Lampkin (Johnnie 
Marie SwinduU, '57) received her li- 
cense to preach in January of 1964 
and is now serving as associate for the 
Methodist Church in Tippah County, 
Mississippi, serving four churches in 
the county. Advancing another step 
along the way to full connection, she 
became an approved supply pastor of 
the North Mississippi Conference last 



June. Mr. Lampkin, '60, serves as 
pastor of the Ripley Circuit. 

1960-1964 
The Reverend Charles Johnson, '60, 
has been named minister of education 
at the First Methodist Church in 
Starkville, Mississippi. He and Mrs. 
Johnson (Gwen Harwell, '60) and 
their two - year - old daughter, Beth, 
moved there from Clarksdale, where 
they had served for three years. 

Frank Allen, Jr., '60, is associated 
with the law firm of Woodson, Patti- 
shall, and Garner in Washington, D. 
C. He is a graduate of Vanderbilt Law 
School. 

The St. Louis, Missouri, Globe 
Democrat has named David C. Mc- 
Nair, '56-'59, administrative assistant 
in charge of production. Mr. McNair 
joined the Globe Democrat in 1962 aft- 
er receiving his degree in business 
administration from Mississippi State. 

Robert McArthur, '60, has been ap- 
pointed assistant to the chancellor of 
Vanderbilt University for the aca- 
demic year 1965-66. He received the 
Master of Arts degree from Vander- 
bilt in 1964 and is presently engaged 
in dissertation research for the Doc- 
tor of Philosophy degree. 

The Reverend Richard Franklin 
Milwee, '60, was ordained to the 
Sacred Order of Priests on January 
18 at Trinity Cathedral in Little Rock, 
Arkansas. He serves as pastor of St. 
Matthew's Episcopal Church in Ben- 
ton, Arkansas. 

Jon Walters, '57-'60, is serving as 
director of the ministry of music at 
Centenary Methodist Church in 
Lynchburg, Virginia. He graduated 
from Westminister Choir College last 
May. Mrs. Walters is the former 
Mary Glynn Lott, '60. Also in the field 
of church music, the Reverend 
Franklin Poole is minister of music 
and Mrs. P«ole (Mary Lewis, '54-'55) 
is organist at the First Methodist 
Church in Alexandria, Louisiana. 
Both couples have announcements in 
"Future Alumni." 

Cal Bullock, Jr., '63, entered the 
University of Tennessee College of 
Dentistry in January and reports that 
he had little difficulty in adjusting 
to the accelerated course, which re- 
quires eight hours of lectures and 
labs every day. He has been elected 
itreasurer of his class. 



31 



Millsaps College 
Jackson, Miss. 39210 



THE PUZXLE IS... 




Plan now to attend 

Alumni Day 

Millsaps College 

May 15, 1965 



On The Agenda: 

• Through-the-line lunch 

• Whitworth and Grenada Re- 
unions 

• Athletic Events 

• Faculty Symposium 

• Banquet 

President Graves to speak on 
"The State of the College" 

• The Millsaps Players' produc- 
tion of "Mr. Roberts" 

• Results of Alumni Association 
officials election 

• The pleasure of seeing old 
friends among the alumni and 
the faculty 



millsaps college 
alumni news 

summer, 1965 



>^ 



Examination of an Image 

That "Hard" School: MiUsaps College 



mm noTts 

millsaps college alumni magazine 
summer, 1965 



MERGED INSTITUTIONS: Grenada 

College, Whitworth College, Millsaps 
College. 

MEMBER: American Alumni Council, 
American College Public Relations As- 
sociation. 



CONTENTS 

3 Events of Note 

4 Examination of an Image 

15 In Memoriam 

16 Future Alumni 
From this Day 

17 Major Miscellany 



Volume 6 



July, 1965 



Number 4 



Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson, 
Mississippi. Entered as second class matter on Oc- 
tober 15, 1959, at the Post Office in Jackson, Mis- 
sissippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 



Shirley CaldweU, '56, Editor 

James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni 
Association 

Bill Horrell, '69, Photographer 



Presidential Views 

By Dr. Benjamin B. Graves 

I 
I welcome the opportunity to discuss with Millsaps alumni and ] 
with our other publics the question of adnnissions standards at the 
College. From comments and inquiries received in the course of 
the last few months, I am convinced that this is an area in which 
there is a great deal of confusion, exaggeration, and misunder- 
standing. It is also an area of immense importance to the future 
of this college, the state, and the nation. 

Many parents, prospective students, teachers and counselors 
apparently have the impression that Millsaps is an institution with 
unreasonable, if not impossible, standards. When one really looks 
at the facts in the situation, this impression is simply not borne 
out. The basic reason for this confusion is simple. People are com- 
paring the Millsaps requirements with those prevailing in this area 
of the South, where unfortunately the standards are quite low. 

Let me illustrate. Most of the higher educational institutions 
in Mississippi are now using the American College Test for admis- 
sions purposes. This test was developed at the University of Iowa 
and, over many years of experience, has proven to be a significant 
predictor of success in a particular college environment. At Mill- 
saps, for example, our research has shown that two out of every 
three students who score 20 or above on this test successfully com- 
plete Millsaps' degree requirements. On the other hand, two of three 
who score below 17 do not. It becomes axiomatic, therefore, that a 
college must seek an ability profile in its student body which approxi- 
mates the desired level of instruction. The following table, based 
on data compiled in 1964, will serve to illustrate the nature of the 
problem: 



AMERICAN COLLEGE TEST SCORES — 1964 



36 



20 



18 



8 



20 



Perfect score 

Average score among college- 
bound high school seniors 
across the nation 

Average score among college- 
bound seniors in White high 
schools in Mississippi 

Average score among college- 
bound seniors in Negro high 
schools in Mississippi 

Generally established minimum 
scores for admission to: * 

Millsaps 

State Universities 

(Mississippi residents) 15 

Junior Colleges (White) 12 

Negro State Colleges 

(Missisi-ippi residents) 8 

• Colleges and universities examine a number of factors in each case, such as 
high school grades, references, maturity, character and achievements, and there 
ara some exceptions to these general requirements. 

Observing the above table, you will note that the Millsaps ad- 
missions minimum is set at the average score attained by 103,000 
college-bound seniors tested in 1984. The logic behind our establish- 
ment of this standard is that we are seeking average to above- 
average students and preparing them to assume leadership and 
professional positions in a nation, not on a separate island. In the 
better high schools in Mississippi, approximately half of the stu- 
dents will qualify for admission to Millsaps College. On the other 
hand, less than 3% of the Negro students can meet our qualifications 
at this time. Without these standards, a degree at Millsaps would 
lose much of the prestige it now carries. Let us never forget that 
there is a difference between a degree and an education, and this is 
especially true in Mississippi at this point in history. 

We need the assistance of our alumni, parents, students, teach-* 
ers, ministers, and friends of the College in trying to put this ques- 
tion of admissions requirements into proper perspective. 



Events of Note 



CLASS of '65 GRADUATES 

God has turned the responsibility 
for this world over to man, Dr. Carl 
Michalson told this year's graduates 
at the Baccalaureate service on May 
30. Later in the day John T. Kimball 
told them that their challenge is to 
maintain their individual sense of 
purpose and value. And one hundred 
seventy seniors entered new phases 
of their lives. 

Dr. Michalson, who is Andrew V. 
Stout Professor of Systematic Theolo- 
gy at Drew University, stated that the 
one sin in the modern world is de- 
fault from one's responsibility to the 
world. He charged the graduates to 
continue to join knowledge and vital pi- 
ety so that piety might help knowledge 
to be more responsible. 

Mr. Kimball, a 1934 graduate of 
Millsaps, said, "The characteristics 
of individuality — ^creative leadership, 
a sense of personal resjronsibility — are 
the best beginnings you could have for 
real achievement, satisfaction and 
contribution in whatever field you 
pursue." 

SENIORS RANK HIGH 

Almost all Millsaps seniors are re- 
quired to take Graduate Record 
Exams in their major fields, and the 
records indicate that the students did 
very well this year. 

Scores of Millsaps seniors on the 
advanced section of the GRE ranked 
in the 62nd percentile nationally. Of 
the 112 who took the GRE, eighteen 
ranked in the 90th percentile or above 
among college seniors throughout the 
nation. 

Officials pointed out that, while all 
Millsaps seniors majoring in one of 
fifteen departments take the GRE 
whether or not they plan to attend 
graduate school, at most colleges and 
universities only graduate school can- 
didates take the exam. Thus, the of- 
ficials say, the ranking of the Mill- 
saps students who took the exam 
compares very favorably with scores 
at other schools, where the intellectu- 
ally elite represented the institutions. 

The 1965 overall average precentile 
ranking of 62.15 is the second highest 
since Millsaps began the use of the 



Graduate Record Exam. The record 
high was in 1957-58, when Millsaps 
students averaged in the 63.6 percen- 
tile. All averages since that time have 
been above the ^Oth percentile. 

WELTY TO CONTINUE HERE 

Eudora Welty will continue to serve 
as Writer-in-Residence at Millsaps 
College through the fall semester of 
1965-66. 

Miss Welty, Mississippi's foremost 
literary figure, served her first year- 
long residency at Millsaps this year. 

She teaches a semi-weekly course 
on the art of fiction, in which she en- 
courages the students to write and 
helps them to determine the charac- 
teristics of good writing. Work of the 
class itself and of established writers 
is discussed and criticized. 

As Writer-in-Residence she has pre- 
sented a public lecture on "The South- 
ern Writer Today" and a reading from 
a novel in progress. 

In a recent article by the Southern 
Regional Education Board she was 
quoted as saying, "I find the academic 
atmosphere not stifling but intensely 
stimulating." 

COLE APPOINTED 

Samuel G. Cole has been appointed 
to the position of admissions counselor 
in the Admissions Office. 

Mr. Cole is working under the di- 
rection of Paul D. Hardin, registrar 
and director of admissions, in the 
areas of student recruitment and ad- 
missions counseling. Mr. Hardin said 
admissions to date this year show a 
27% increase over those of last year 
at the same time. 

Mr. Cole, a 1964 graduate of Mill- 
saps, was manager of the communica- 
tions department of the Jackson Cham- 
ber of Commerce at the time of his 
appointment. He was one of eight 
young men across the nation chosen 
to participate in the first management- 
trainee program of the Chamber of 
Commerce of the United States in 1963. 

RABB ELECTED PRESIDENT 

The ballot-by-mail election for Alum- 
ni Association officers has resulted in 
the naming of Lawrence Rabb, '42, 
of Meridian, to serve as president next 
year. He assumed his duties on July 1, 



succeeding Dr. Robert Mayo, of Ray- 
mond. 

Other officers elected were John 
Awad, '56, Jackson, Dr. William E. 
Riecken, '52, Kosciusko, Mississippi, 
and Dr. Jesse L. Wofford, '43, Jack- 
son, vice-presidents; and Miss Carolyn 
Bufkin, '47, Jackson, secretary. 

Some 1,100 ballots were returned in 
the election. 

Several ballots were returned late 
with the notation that they had not 
been received until the date they were 
due back at Millsaps. It should be 
noted that the Alumni Office mailed 
the ballots a full two weeks prior to 
Alumni Day. 

COLLEGE HOLDS CONFERENCE 

Twenty-nine geology teachers from 
seventeen states and three Canadian 
provinces were chosen to participate 
in a National Science Foundation-Mill- 
saps College summer conference on 
the geology of the Mississippi Sound. 

The twenty-day conference, held in 
June, was conducted from the Gulf 
Coast Research Laboratory in Ocean 
Springs, Mississippi. It was directed 
by Dr. Richard R. Priddy, chairman 
of the Millsaps geology department. 

Participants were chosen on the bas- 
is of their ability to benefit from a 
coastal study. Those who had no pre- 
vious coastal experience were favored. 

About half of the conference time 
was spent afloat or on the barrier is- 
lands, sampling the various kinds of 
bottoms, the overlying waters, and 
the materials which comprise the bar- 
rier islands. The waters and sediments 
collected were studied in the teaching 
laboratories of the Research Labora- 
tory. 

Other interesting features of the 
study included trips in the Sound on the 
laboratory workboat Hermes, a voy- 
age into the Gulf of Mexico, collecting 
trips by skiffs up the deep water bay- 
ous, a trip to the Chandeleur Islands 
some thirty-five miles south of Gulf- 
port, jet drilling of modern and an- 
cient beaches to determine their struc- 
ture, and a bus trip to Dauphin Island 
barrier off Mobile Bay. There was also 
a 500-mile flight over the Mississippi 
(Continued on Page 14) 



Examination 
of an Image 




"the word 

has gotten out, 

apparently, 

that Millsaps is 

a school which is 

hard to get into 

and even harder 

to get out of ... . 

I honestly believe 

this is an 

exaggerated 

idea." 





That "Hard" School: Millsaps 
College / By Shirley Caldwell 



Many years ago when I was in high school a friend 
and I were discussing possible college choices. Millsaps 
was mentioned, and I expected my friend, a Methodist, 
to jump at the chance to persuade me, a Baptist, to con- 
sider this school. She did not. 

"I wouldn't go to Millsaps for anything," she stated 
emphatically. "It's too hard." 

I didn't know much about Millsaps, but this struck 
me as a rather ridiculous statement. She was in the top 
ten in her class. How could she think that Millsaps would 
be too hard for her? It was a home-grown institution; 
why should we be afraid of it? 

Later, when I had definitely decided on Millsaps, I 
chanced to mention my choice to another friend. "Have 
you sent in your application?" she asked. "Millsaps is 
a very difficult college to get into." 

I surely expected no trouble in being admitted. I, too, 
was in the top ten in my class of 150 or so. Why the 
panic? 

Through the years the allusions to the "hardness" of 
Millsaps have persisted. The most casual of conversations 
have elicited such comments as "I hear it's a very 
hard school." 

Last January when President Graves came to the 
campus to meet the student body, he said to the students 
in a chapel address, "The word has gotten out, apparent- 
ly, that Millsaps is a school which is hard to get into 
and even harder to get out of. I have looked at the rec- 
ords and talked to a great many people, and I honestly 
believe this is an exaggerated idea." 

He continued, "The standards here are reasonably 
high. By comparison, though, they are somewhat lower 
than some of the best national schools. In fact, I would 
label them moderate. We should quit apologizing for and 
criticizing these standards and be proud of the fact that 
at least some institutions in this area are trying to give 
you a nationally competitive education." 

But the reputation does exist. 

Well, then, how does this reputation affect Millsaps? 
Does it attract or repel students? Does it encourage 
foundation support? Does it help to get the kinds of stu- 
dents Millsaps wants? Are we missing many good stu- 
dents who 'are frightened away? If, as President Graves 
says, the rumor is exaggerated, how do we correct the 
image? Or do we want to? 

It is true that Millsaps has the highest admisisons 
standards in the state. Last year the mean ACT score 
of freshmen students was 24.2. The College prefers to 
have 20 as the minimum score on the ACT. Last year 
a few students were accepted who scored 17, 18, or 19, 
but Admissions Director Paul Hardin said those students 
demonstrated unusually high motivation in their high 
school records. 

For this information to be meaningful we must have 
a basis for comparsion, and President Graves provides 
that material in his column on Page 2. He stated that a 
perfect score is 36, that the average score among col- 
lege-bound seniors across the nation is 20, that the average 
score among college-bound seniors in White high schools 
in Mississippi is 18. The generally established minimum 



score for state universities is 15, while at Millsaps it is 
20. 

It should be recognized that high admissions standards 
is not the only thing which affects the Millsaps enroll- 
ment picture. There is also the fact that Millsaps' tuition 
and fees charges are the highest in this low-income state. 
Officials have repeatedly stated that money will be made 
available through scholarships or loan funds to those 
who sincerely need it, but it is often easier to attend a 
less expensive school. 

Admissions is not the only area in which the "hard" 
idea scares the student. One professor stated that he 
thought a large number of Millsaps students who trans- 
ferred to other schools did so to avoid facing compre- 
hensive examinations — "which is ridiculous," he says. 
"Any student who can pass the subject matter at Mill- 
saps can pass the comprehensive. They're just not that 
bard. Even failure doesn't mean the end. They can be 
taken again." 

Be that as it may, practically from the first day the 
freshman sets foot on the campus he begins to dread 
the comprehensives — not even a logical fear since he 
doesn't even know what it's all about. It's a kind of con- 
tagion. The upperclassmen seem to be unable to rest 
until they instill the Fear of the Comprehensive in those 
green little freshmen who just don't know what life holds 
for them. 

Many of the students will tell you that the thing that's 
hard about Millsaps is the "busy" work — the outside 
reading, the research papers, the short papers, the proj- 
ects, the reports. What they seem to forget is that these 
are teaching tools, too — more effective, often, than a 
whole series of classroom lectures at which attention 
may wander. 

It seems fairly logical that there is less likely to be 
a rush on a school which is demanding. There are only 
so many students who are mature enough at 17 or 18 to 
realize that life is going to be what they make it, only 
a certain percentage who can face up to the fear of fail- 
ure in a success-oriented world (the implication should 
not be that these few would automatically choose Mill- 
saps). While this fact may make for a quality student 
body, the quantity of those students may be small. And 
here the economic factor begins to enter in. A school's 
operation is based on a projected number of students. 
If that number fails to materialize, trouble is almost 
surely ahead. 

Surely, friends say, the foundations will support in- 
stitutions which cater to quality. And they do look more 
favorably at schools which are under constant self-cri- 
ticism, which constantly work to improve themselves. 
Millsaps is such a school, but money has not poured in 
from the foundations. Nor is it our purpose here to in- 
vestigate the reasons for this. 

Then there's always the ever-present and now often 
maligned subject of image. Does Millsaps want to sus- 
tain, or even increase, her image as a school which de- 
mands hard work of her students? Or does she wish to 
minimize this reputation in order to attract more stu- 
dents? If this aspect of the image is taken away, what 
is to replace it, since it is the chief ingredient of the 
image? A play school? A party school? A football school? 

It is no doubt most accurate to say that Millsaps simply 
wishes to achieve an honest image, one which is not 
exaggerated about the demands, the hardness, even the 
excellence. But reputations are nebulous, elusive things. 
If a change is attempted, who knows what form or di- 
rection ours might take? 



Examination 
of an Image 



A "Hard" Reputatior 

Four answer 



Excellence is never achieved 

without difficulty / By Frank Laney 

When I first came to Millsaps College some twelve 
years ago, I was told that the school had a reputation 
for being "difficult" or "hard." I confess that I took 
this information with a grain of salt. Every college that 
I have known likes to think of itself as being an institu- 
tion which requires sonnething more than the average 
of its students. Such an opinion is good for the ego of the 
college community — for faculty and students alike. 
Everyone likes to be associated with something good, 
and apparently in the academic world difficulty is usually 
equated with excellence. 

That difficulty and excellence are not always the same 
thing each of us knows, of course, when he stops to think 
about it. I have known teachers (fortunately, not at 
Millsaps) who have worked their students extremely 
hard and have taught them very little. There is one whom 
I call to mind now who keeps his students so involved 
with "busy work" that they have little time for their 
other courses, yet at the end of the term the students 
have gained at best only a few facts that might readily 
have been acquired by reading one or two textbooks at 
a considerable saving in time and labor. I know some 
other teachers who require a great deal from their stu- 
dents but who in turn give even more by sharing their 
accumulated knowledge, their insights and their enthu- 
siasm. We have some teachers like this at Millsaps; 
we could use more. 

Whether or not Millsaps is truly difficult, and whether 
or not that difficulty, if it exists, is really related to 
excellence, I have learned in my years at the College 
that a general opinion does indeed persist throughout 
the state that this is a "hard" school. I have heard it 
from prospective students and their parents; I have 
heard it from high school principals and counselors, I 
have heard it from our own students. A study which was 
made a year or so ago of the causes for drop-outs from 
our student body revealed a surprisingly large number 
of persons who stated that they transferred to other 
schools because they could make the same or even bet- 
ter grades with less effort elsewhere. The opinion of 
these students may not be correct, but there is no rea- 
son to doubt the honesty of the opinion. 



I am not in the slightest degree troubled by this general 
reputation for difficulty. I know of no alumnus, faculty 
member, or administrator who is troubled by it, either. 
If it frightens off a few students who are seeking an easy 
way to a college degree, who are not concerned with 
the substance of their education, that is unfortunate for 
them but not for the College. What ought to be of con- 
stant concern to all of us, in whatever relationship we 
stand to the College, is the question I have suggested 
earlier: Is Millsaps truly difficult, and is that difficulty 
intrinsically related to the quality of the work which we 
do here? 

If we can agree that difficulty and excellence are not 
always synonymous, I hope we can also agree that true 




Dr. Frank M. Laney, Dean of the Faculty, says dif- 
ficulty is usually equated with excellence. 



"low does It affect us? 

1. The Dean: Excellence is our concern 

2. The Admissions Director We miss good students 

3. A Professor Millsaps is not that hard 

4. A Student: It should be harder 



excellence is never achieved without difficulty. This is 
true, I believe, in every area of human life and activity. 
Excellence in the creative arts of writing, painting, com- 
posing, etc., comes only with diligent labor, study, and 
often agony. The true scientist must discipline himself 
constantly and must check his experiments endlessly 
before he solves a problem or announces a new theory. 
The athlete does not excel unless he is willing to sacri- 
fice time and pleasures which others will not give up. 
The business and professional man can never stop his 
study and labor if he expects to keep abreast of his field. 
Even a man's religious faith, If it is strong and deep, 
comes only as he is willing to struggle for it. 

Our real concern, then, at MUlsaps ought to be with 
the excellence of our work. If we are indeed excellent. 




Director of Admissions Paul Hardin says prospects 
are frightened by Millsaps' high academic standards. 



or if we sincerely strive for excellence, I expect that we 
will continue to be considered "hard." I also predict 
that this kind of "hardness" will attract and bind to our 
college the men and women who will furnish in the fu- 
ture, as they have so often suppUed in the past, real 
leadership amid the difficulties of our human existence. 
It seems to me that the often-quoted words of George 
Washington at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 may 
be applied appropriately to this very different situation: 
"Let us raise a standard to which the wise and honest 
can repair. The event is in the hands of God." 

The reputation is an asset 

and a Uability / By Paul Hardin 

Ironic as it may seem, I believe that our greatest asset 
in attracting students to Millsaps College may too often 
prove to be our greatest liability. 

Included in the Application for Admission form which 
each applicant completes upon applying to Millsaps Col- 
lege is a question: What features at Millsaps most in- 
fluenced you to want to come here? The most common 
response to this question is "its high academic stand- 
ards." While we in the Admissions Office are pleased and 
somewhat flattered to receive such an endorsement of our 
college, we realize that their are certain inherent dis- 
advantages to having such a reputation. It is concerning 
the possible disadvantage of being considered "a school 
with unusually high standards" or "a school that is dif- 
ficult to get into and almost impossible to graduate from" 
that I would like to base some remarks. 

Many capable high school seniors are discouraged 
from applying to Millsaps College because they have 
heard of our high standards and, more specifically, of 
our course requirennents and comprehensive examina- 
tions. They have even been told of. certain able students 
who have met with disastrous academic difficulties. It 
is true, of course, that they have not been informed 
properly of the circumstances; nevertheless, they are 
willing to believe unquestioningly what they have heard. 

It is one of the objectives of the Admissions Office to 
acquaint the high school students of our area with exact 
and more specific information concerning the entrance 
requirements to Millsaps College. While it is agreed 
that, compared to admission standards of other institu- 



Examination 
of an Image 




tions of our area, our requirements may appear to be 
somewhat exacting, there is no reason that any con- 
scientious student who has average ability would not be 
able to perform successfully at Millsaps College. We at 
the College have made this statement repeatedly, and 
we shall make every effort to acquaint the high school 
student of our constituency with this fact. 

The College would welcome more applications from 
high school students who are honestly in doubt as to 
whether or not they nnight qualify. It might appear that 
of the applications submitted there are too few border- 
line cases that are forwarded to the Admissions Office for 
the purpose of careful evaluation by the Admissions 
Committee. The Committee would welcome more appli- 
cations of this nature, and we believe that many students 
who consider themselves unqualified would discover that 
their academic records meet our standards. 

The Admissions Committee, rather than being selective, 
seeks to determine those applicants whom we can ap- 
prove as "assured" admissions. In making our decisions 
we endeavor to determine which applicants we feel can 
be assured of academic success after they reach Millsaps 
College. 

As Director of Admissions, I believe that many high 
school students are, unfortunately, discouraged from en- 
rolling at Millsaps College "because of its high academic 
standards," the very reason that most students choose 
to come here. 



Millsaps is a quality college 

but not that hard / By Dr. R. E. Moo 



lorel 



An academic who had reason to know told me many 
years ago that Millsaps was one of the five best liberal 
arts colleges in the South. I have come to know firsthand 
that Millsaps offers a distinctive program of quality 
education. This is a source of pride to its graduates but is 
a roadblock to others who would like to attend MiUsaps 
but do not enroll for fear of failure. Millsaps is not all 
that hard. 

To say that Millsaps is a quality college and, at the 
same time, to say it is not all that hard seems to be a 
contradiction. Perhaps we had better define some terms. 

Quality simply means excellence. How can we support 
our claim to excellence? A large percentage of our gradu- 
ates go to graduate school, many on scholarships and 
assistantships, and almost without exception they are 
successful. The professions are loaded with Millsaps 
graduates. Of course, many do not go to graduate school, 
but positions of responsibility in business and positions of 
leadership in community affairs the length and breadth 
of this state are filled with Millsaps graduates. Our claim 
to excellence is based on Millsaps products, and by no 
means were all of them "A" or "B" students. 

In saying that Millsaps is not all that hard, we mean 
that any applicant who is accepted as a regular student 
by the College can succeed and graduate. In order to 
be accepted an applicant must, as a rule, make a score 



of 20 on the American College Test. On the basis 
of experience, we know that a student who scores 20 
can be successful in our academic program. 

At least two assumptions underlie the foregoing state- 
ment. In order to succeed, the student must be properly 
motivated. Students who choose Millsaps usually are 
highly motivated, for they know the College's reputa- 
tion for excellence. Students must also know how and be 
willing to organize their time and habits and to discipline 
themselves. Some freshmen find themselves in academic 
difficulties before they wake up to the fact that they are 
under less strict supervision than heretofore, that they 
must make their own decisions about when and where 
and how much to study. The ability to make decisions 
is a vital part of education. 

How, then, did Millsaps earn the reputation that scares 
away many perfectly competent students? Millsaps stu- 
dents themselves may be partly responsible. They are 
proud of their college — justly so — and doubtless "tell 
it a little scary" around the old home town, especially 
when comparing notes with students of other colleges. 

And we have students, a few, who think every college 
is a party college. We want our students to have fun, 
and they do, but we also expect them to work and to at- 
tend classes. Students who come for an extended party 
don't last long and they spread the word that Millsaps is 
jusit too tough. 

The comprehensive examination in the major field of 
study is an over-rated bug-bear to some students. We 
have a number of students who attend Millsaps for two 
years, then transfer to avoid the senior comprehensive. 
The simple fact is that rarely does a student fail his 
comprehensive. If he does, he may take it again. Stu- 
dents moan and groan about the comprehensive but al- 
most all pass it. And when they face oral and written 
examinations in graduate school, they are thankful they 
have had the experience in their undergraduate program. 

Finally, to say that Millsiaps is not all that hard is not 
to say it is aU that easy. Who wants a watered-down pro- 
gram unworthy to be called education? We have no in- 
tention of giving degrees to ignoramuses. Education is 
our business and quality education at that. But educa- 
tion is not confined to the classroom. Millsaps has a full 
complement of co-curricular activities, and very nearly 
all students participate in some kind of extra-classroom 
activity. Even grill time may be an educational exper- 
ience, and there are not many vacant chairs during free 
periods. 

There are a number of identifiable factors which con- 
tribute to a quality program and, at the same time, 
make it not all that hard. 

To Millsaps professors, classroom teaching takes pre- 
cedence over everything else. The college has no policy 
of "publish or perish." Professors may publish or en- 
gage in research but, whether they do or not, teaching 
comes first. Consequently, the quality of instruction is 
high and students are the beneficiaries. 

Academic freedom is a requisite of quality instruction. 
Pursuit of truth, however it may be defined, is taken 
for granted by Millsaps teachers and students. 

Again, Millsaps classes tend to be small. Professors 



do not so much teach biology or French or philosophy 
as they teach human beings. They deal with students as 
human beings, as individual human beings, not as num- 
bers on an IBM card. 

This faculty-student relationship carries over outside 
the classroom. Last semester I invited a student who had 
done miserably at a large university but was succeeding 
at Millsaps to join me in the grill for a cup of coffee. It 
came out that he had never spoken to a professor at his 
former school, in or out of the classroom. 

When Millsaps professors are not meeting classes or 
attending committee meetings or making speeches or 
doing countless other things, they are in their offices 
and their doors are always open. Students drop in for 
individual help if they are having difficulty with their 
courses, or it may be they just want a sympathetic ear 
to problems relating to their love lives. My colleagues 
and I may not have much advice to offer in the latter 
sphere, but we are good listeners. 

These are the ingredients which makes Millsaps a 
quality college, yet not all that hard. 





Dr. R. E. Moore, Chairman of the Education Depart- 
ment, says that quality education is the business of Mill- 
saps College. 



9 



Examination 
of an Image 




Millsaps must compete on the 
national level / By Mac Heard 



^ 



Anyone who attempts to consider the question "Is 
Millsaps hard?" should have a number of qualifications 
which I do not have. For a broad perspective, he should 
have attended a number of colleges of various kinds and 
keenly observed their academic demands. For a broad 
conception of what Millsaps requires of its students, he 
should be thoroughly familiar with a variety of courses 
in each of the school's twenty departments of instruc- 
tion. And he should be an expert on educational meth- 
ods in general. 

I do not qualify. But with the idealistic naivete char- 
acteristic of the new graduate, I shall set down my opin- 
ions just as if they were worth reading, trying to sup- 
plement my own knowledge with facts, ideas, and hear- 
say picked up from reading and from more knowledge- 
able and experienced friends. 

Seen from a rather limited regional perspective, Mill- 
saps is hard. I have been told by a number of people in a 
position to know that the demands made on the Millsaps 
students are, on the average, greater than those made 
on students in other Mississippi schools. This is a broad 
generalization and is subject to the limitations of generali- 
zation. I am certain, for instance, that individual depart- 
ments in other Mississippi schools equal and surpass the 
corresponding department at Millsaps in the demands 
placed on students. Nevertheless, the consensus among 
those I've talked to who have attended both Millsaps 
and another school in the state remains that the typical 
or average Millsaps student works harder. 

For instance, the student would be indeed rare who 
could breeze through four years of courses at Millsaps 
without considerable study and expect to pass his com- 
prehensive examination and graduate. So-called "crip" 
courses are not common. Professors generally expect a 
reasonable knowledge of the material of a course for a 
grade of C and an above-average performance for a B. 
A's, in many cases, indicate a distinguished accomplish- 
ment. 

Again, this is not to say that easy B's and "crip" 
courses are common in other schools in Mississippi. It 
is merely to say that their occurrence is probably more 
infrequent at Millsaps than elsewhere. 

From a regional point of view, then, perhaps we may 
call Millsaps hard. Increasingly, however, the importance 
of a broader perspective than the regional one is becom- 
ing evident. 

As a small, private school, Millsaps is in automatic 
competition with other similar schools throughout the 
country. Such schools, unaided by state funds and of 
limited size, cannot expect to compete with large uni- 
versities in such matters as breadth of course offerings, 
graduate programs, and in any number of areas where 
bigness determines success. The small college, if it is 
to be worthwhile or even to survive, must perform a 



10 



function for which its size and nature make it peculiarly 
suited; it must do something that it can do better than 
any other kind of school. This function, it seems to me, 
is to offer unqualified excellence in the teaching of the 
liberal arts. 

A number of small schools around the country have 
established national reputations based on such excellence. 
This, I beUeve, is the more proper perspective from 
which to consider whether or not Millsaps is hard. Does 
Millsaps create in its students the kind of curiosity and 
drive for learning requisite to a truly liberating educa- 
tion, and does it provide the student the atmosphere for 
hard self-directed study? This is the way a school should 
be hard — in motivating students to hard work. In this 
respect I think Millsaps is not hard enough. 

Too often college is little more than a four-year obstacle 
course at the end of which lie a diploma and a statistical 
opportunity to make more money. Making the school 
harder should not necessarily mean increasing the ob- 
stacles, making longer assignments, giving fewer A's. 
Rather it should mean making the student want to work 
independently, not to satisfy course requirements but to 
learn. This kind of hardness is the excellence which, it 
seems to me, Millsaps must pursue. 

Such excellence requires, first, a student of high cali- 
ber, a student capable of responding to the challenge 
of excellence. But the challenge itself, along with the 
inspiration and proper atmosphere for education, must 
come from a dedicated, imaginative, and necessarily 
well-paid faculty. 

Success in achieving excellence — and Millsaps has 
seen some success — should breed success. Rising na- 
tional prestige would mean that better students would 
be attracted, that more money would be available from 
such sources as large education-conscious foundations, 
and, in turn, that continually rising quality in faculty 
and facilities may be offered. 

Is Millsaps hard? Perhaps. But it should be harder, 
and it should be proud to be harder. 



'Too often college is 
little more than 
a four-year obstacle course 
at the end of which 
lie a diploma and a 
statistical opportunity 
to make more money." 




Mac Heard, a 1965 graduate who was one of the top 
members of his class, says college should motivate stu- 
dents. 




11 



Examination 
of an Image 







"Some freshmen find themselves 
in academic difficulties 
before they wake up to the fact 
that they are under 
less strict supervision than heretofore, 
that they must make their own decisions 
about when and where and how much to study. 
The ability to make decisions 
is a vital part of education." 





13 



Events of Note 



(Continued from Page 3) 
Sound and over the delta of the Mis- 
sissippi River to review the features 
observed ashore and afloat. 

GRANT SUPPORTS PROJECT 

An $11,015 grant in support of the 
oral history project has been received 
from the Field Foundation. 

The project, which was described 
by Dr. Gordon Henderson in the Win- 
ter, 1964, issue of Major Notes, in- 
volves the recording of interviews of 
prominent Mississippians concerning 
important events in which they have 
participated. The interviews will be 
taped for inclusion in an oral history 
library. 

The preparation of the oral history 
of contemporary Mississippi life and 
viewpoints is under the direction of 
Dr. Henderson, who is chairman of the 
political science department. 

Dr. Henderson said the project rep- 
resents research in an area in which 
little has been done. He said that the 
interviews will cover many phases of 
contemporary Mississippi life. 

Transcripts will be made of the 
tapes and will be available to any per- 
son who has a legitimate interest in 
the subject. Dr. Henderson said that 
he hoped the history would be used 
in many of the classrooms of the state. 

In making the grant for the Field 
Foundation, Maxwell Hahn, executive 
vice-president, said, "Our officers and 
directors feel that this project has in- 
teresting pKJSsibilities and we are hap- 
py to cooperate with Millsaps in this 
effort." 

SCIENCES SERVE COMMUNITY 

Three community service projects 
were announced by the Science Di- 
vision this spring: 

(1) A course in modem basic micro- 
scopic technique was offered by the 
biology department early in May. The 
two-week, three-nights-a-week course 
was open to anyone desiring to take 
it, for college credit or non-credit. 

(2) A short course in modern instru- 
mental techniques attracted industrial- 
ists throughout the state. Envisioned 
as principally an aid to industry, the 
course was designed to help scientists 
and technicians brush up on modem 
chemical instruments. 



(3) An in-service institute in chem- 
istry for secondary school teachers will 
be offered next fall under the auspices 
of the National Science Foundation. 
It is designed to give high school chem- 
istry teachers the necessary back- 
ground for the newly adopted CHEM 
Study approach to the study and teach- 
ing of chemistry. Classes will meet 
on Saturdays throughout the academic 
year and can earn participants six 
hours of credit in chemistry at Mill- 
saps. 

ENGEL GIVES COLLECTION 

A wish to provide current and fu- 
ture generations of Mississippians with 
the musical reference source which 
was lacking when he was a child has 
led composer - conductor - author Leh- 
man Engel to contribute a large por- 
tion of his personal collection to the 
Millsaps library. 

The collection contains the original 
manuscripts of some of his own com- 
positions as well as of other compos- 
ers, framed autographs, personal cor- 
respondence between Mr. Engel and 
other famous personalities, letters 
from celebrated composers, documents 
signed by historical characters, books 
and phonograph records. 

The collection is housed in the Fac- 
ulty Lx)unge of the Millsaps-Wilson Li- 
brary. Mr. Engel has said that he 
will continue to add to the collection 
through the years. Upon his death all 
of his books, music, and manuscripts 
will go to the Library. 

Mr. Engel, a Jacksonian who has 
achieved great success as a composer 
and as a conductor, recently received 
the Bellamann Foundation Award. He 
has been connected with such Broad- 
way hits as "What Makes Sammy 
Run?" and "Bajour." He is president 
of Arrow Music Press, a publishing 
company which was founded by Mr. 
Engel, Aaron Copland, Virgil Thomp- 
son, and Marc Blitzstein. The firm no 
longer publishes but is connected with 
the British concern Boosey and Hawk- 
es, which distributes Arrow's music. 

Among the items in the collection 
are photostatic reproductions of all the 
music of the late Charles Ives, a com- 
poser who has become recognized as 
very original and distinctly American. 



Mr. Ives, a wealthy stockbroker whc 
lived in semi - seclusion, let Arrow 
publish his music at his own expense. 
The revenue from his music, Mr. Ives 
stipulated, was to be used to publish 
the work of poor composers. One of 
the letters in the collection is one 
from Ives to Engel which has beer 
published many times. 

The collection contains letters writ- 
ten by Wagner, Verdi, Offenbach, 
Brahms, Strauss, and other compKJS- 
ers, and documents signed by such 
personages as Frederick the Great, 
Louis XIV, and Alexandre Dumas. 
There are letters to Mr. Engel from 
personalities ranging from Gershwin 
through most of the living composers, 
from producers, actors, writers, and 
others. 

There are some 300 vintage phono- 
graph records in the current collection. 
Mr. Engel estimates that his final 
collection will contain from 3,000 to 
5,000 record albums which will include 
music of every variety. 

The books contributed range from 
technical volumes on music and the 
theatre to novels and poetry. There 
are at least 50 books autographed by 
important writers. 

Also included are Arrow publica- 
tions, which Mr. Engel says are hard 
to come by now. 

Mr. Engel is currently engaged in 
writing a book which will be a serious 
analysis of musical theatre from his 
point of view as both composer and 
conductor. He is also the author of 
Planning and Producing a Broadway 
Show and other books. He has com- 
posed incidental music for a number of 
plays, including "A Streetcar Named 
Desire," "Macbeth," and "Hamlet." 

He considers his most exciting proj- 
ect two workshops in which he teach- 
es professional composers and lyric 
writers to adapt their work for the 
musical theatre. 

SPORTS NEWS 

On the sports scene, Basketball 
Coach James A. Montgomery is be- 
ginning to announce the recipients oi 
Diamond Anniversary Scholarships ir 
basketball. 

Named at press time were the fol 
lowing: 

— Don Shoemake, Jackson Centra! 



14 



Lehman Engel, center, looks over 
one of his compositions with his cousin, 
Mrs. Harold Gotthelf, and President 
Benjamin B. Graves. The collection 
which Mr. Engel has given to the li- 
brary is housed in the Faculty Lounge. 




High; 6' 4", 190-pound forward; All 
Big Eight first team, three-year letter- 
man; All District and All City squads; 
Junior Classical League; president of 
homeroom; Rotarian of the Month; 

— Jerry Sheldon, Ldndsey - Wilson 
Junior College and Owensboro (Ken- 
tucky) High School; 6'4", 195-pound 
forward; recipient of a total of six 
athletic letters; Dean's List student; 

—Ronald G. Hoffman, Orlando (Flor- 
ida) High School and Junior College; 
6'4", 180-pound forward and center; 
All Star Team in Orlando Junior Col- 
lege Invitational Tournament; letter- 
ed in four sports; 

— John William Cook, Jr., Copiah- 
Lincoln Junior College and Wesson 
(Mississippi) High School; 6'3", 190- 
pound forward and center; All Tangi- 
pahoe Conference three years. All Dis- 
trict Seven, South Mississippi Junior 
College All Star Team; at Wesson, 
president of Hi-Y, vice-president of 
senior class, captain of basketball 
team. 

A total of twenty-seven awards have 
been given in football. 

In June it was announced that sen- 
ior Phil Goodyear, of Gulfport, had 
been named to the All American Col- 
lege Archery Team. 

Mr. Goodyear ranked No. 3 in the 
nation among college and university 
archers. He was selected for the All 
American team by the National Col- 
legiate Archery Coaches Association. 

Millsaps has just completed its sec- 
ond year of archery competition on 
an intercollegiate basis. 





In Memoriam 





This column is dedicated to the me- 
mory of graduates, former students, 
and friends who have passed away in 
recent months. Every effort has been 
made to compile an accurate list, but 
there will be unintentional omissions. 
Your help is solicited in order that 
we may make the column as complete 
as possible. Those whose memory we 
honor are as follows: 

Keller Breland, '37, who died June 
17. He operated I. Q. Zoo and Animal 
Behavior Enterprises, Inc., in Hot 
Springs, Arkansas. 

Manley Cooper, '12, who died March 
23. He was a resident of Kerrville, 
Texas. 

Rebecca Davis, '28, who died in 
May. She was a resident of Jackson. 

William S. Davis, '02, who died in 
May. He was a resident of Waynes- 
boro, Mississippi. 

Dr. William L. Duren, '02, who es- 
tablished a loan fund named in his 
honor by the College, who died June 
21. He lived in New Orleans. 

Mrs. Mary Locke Eudy, Grenada, 
who died May 26. She lived in Eupora, 
Mississippi. 

Robert J. Ham, '22-'24, who died 
May 17. He lived in Pascagoula, Mis- 
sissippi. 

H. C. Holden, '17, who died March 



14. He lived in Arlington, Virginia. 
Jack McDill, '31-'32, who died in 

February. He lived in Jackson. 

William C. McLean, '16, who died 
March 4. He was a resident of Tampa, 
Florida. 

J. H. Moss, '14-'15, who died this 
spring. He was a resident of Raleigh, 
Mississippi. 

Crit R. Nolen, '02-'06, who died June 

15. He lived in Jackson. 

Stanley Orkin, '32-'34, who was kUl- 
ed in a car-train collision on June 12. 
He lived in Jackson. 

Kelly Mouzon Pylant, '29-'31, who 
died April 18. He was a resident of 
Houston, Texas. 

R. A. J. Sessions, '19, who died 
April 25. He was a resident of Wood- 
ville, Mississippi. 

John T. Smith, '04-'06, who died 
April 20. He lived in Cleveland, Mis- 
sissippi. 

Albert W. Spann, '29-'30, who died 
June 18. He lived in Jackson. 

Dr. John EUett Stephens, DD 1946, 
chairnnan of the department of reli- 
gion from 1925 to 1928, who died June 
4. 

Claude Woodson Wall, Jr., '46-'48, 
who died March 20. He was a resident 
of Memphis. 



15 




Thelma Tolles Bailey, '65, to John 
Robertson Akers, '61-'64. Living in 
Jackson. 

Jo Ree Bamett, '57-'60, to James 
Richard Fancher, Jr. 

Betty Barron, '65, to Glenn J. James, 
'64. 

Donna Rae Bell, '64, to Joseph H. 
Sharp. Living in Jackson. 

Fentress Claire Boone, '65, to the 
Reverend Jim Leggett Waits, '58. Liv- 
in Blue Island, Illinois. 

Martha Lou Brown to Edgar Hub- 
bard Nation, Jr., '54-'57. Living in 
Vicksburg. 

Patricia Ann Byrne, '62, to Francis 
M. Emerson, Jr. Living in Gulfport, 
Mississippi. 

Dorothy May Davis, '60, to Kimbrell 
Teal. Living in St. Louis, Missouri. 

Suzanne DeMoss, '64, to Thomas 
Floyd Martin. Living in Lexington, 
Kentucky. 

Betty Katherine Denton, '62, to Hel- 
mut Furstenburger. Living in Munich, 
West Germany. 

Edith Ritter Dulles to Lewis Hugh 
Wilson, Jr., '60. Living in Austin, Tex- 
as. 

Sandra Jeanne Edgar to Wallace 
Ray Vance, '59-'61. Living in Union, 
Mississippi. 

Helen Kaye Garner to Lee Luther 
Hasseltine, Jr., '63. 

Rachel Gerdes, '64, to Raymond Lee 
Lewand, '65. Living in Waco, Texas. 

Rosalyn Ann Gillespie, '60-'62, to Mil- 
ford Davis Thomas. Living in Colum- 
bus, Mississippi. 

Gayle Gresham to Gary Merkell 
Fox, '65. Living in Jackson. 

Lyn Marie Hopkins to David Hill 
Strong, '60. Living in Jackson. 

Louise Lockwood Hutchins, '62, to 
Lt. Harold Dwayne Gregory. Living in 
Rantoul, Illinois. 

Sara Terry Hyman, '60-'62, to Wil- 
liam Gerald King. Living in Fort Lau- 
derdale, Florida. 

Kathleen Khayat, '65, to Jack Leon 
Frost. Living in Grenada, Mississippi. 

Elizabeth McGlothlin, '65, to Low- 
ell Husband, '60-'61. Living in Jackson. 

Alabel Stinson May to Stuart Charles 
Liles, '60-'61. Living in Jackson. 



Marilyn Jean Meador to William 
J. Crosby, '61. Living in Memphis. 

Eleanor Berry Moyer, '41-'43, to 
Duncan B. Easterling. Living in Jack- 
son. 

Martha Phyllis Myers to David Allen 
Thompson, '60-'62. Living in Memphis. 

Mary Frances Nester, '65, to Bobby 
Joe Shewmake. Living in Jackson. 

Janet Faye Oliver, '63, to John 
Doyle Commer, Jr. Living in Gulfport, 
Mississippi. 

Rose Elizabeth Shaw, '59, to Ken- 
neth Allen McRaney, '59. Living in 
Florence, Mississippi. 

Mary Sue Simpson, '58-'59, to Lt. 
(jg) Patrick Morgan. Living in Nor- 
folk, Virginia. 

Lynn Simms to Kenneth Edward 
Gilbert, '62-'64. Living in Bay Springs, 
!\Iississippi. 

Marilyn Stewart, '64, to William 
Johnson Witt, III, '64. Living in Dal- 
las, Texas. 

Nancy Jo Tweedy, ■61-'63, to Gor- 
dsn Edgar Brown, Jr., '65. Living in 
Jackson. 

Mary Helen Utesch, •60-'63, to Robert 
Allen Crawford. Living in Tallahassee. 
Florida. 




"mm 



v^Tu^e alo^n/ 




(Children listed in this column must 
be under one year of age. Please re- 
port births promptly to assure publi- 
cation). 

John Lee Burnett, born January 28 
to Mr. and Mrs. Joe Burnett (Mary 
Carol Caughman), both '60, of Waynes- 
boro, Mississippi. He was greeted by 
Carol Lynn, SVa. 

John Edward Dawson, born to Lcdr. 
and Mrs. Allan J. Dawson (Julia Anne 
Beckes, '59), of San Francisco, on 
March 14. He was welcomed by Allan, 
2. 

Parker Lee Ellison, born October 13 
to Mr. and Mrs. Richard B. Ellison 
(Judith Chloe Forbes, '59), of Tiburon, 
California. 

Virginia Lee Graham, born April 10 
to Dr. and Mrs. William L. Graham 
(Betty Garrison), both '58, of New 
Orleans. Garry, 2, welcomed his sis- 
ter. 

Corinne Claire Hensley, born May 



7 to Mr. and Mrs. Gordon H. Hensley 
(Claire King, '56), of Brooklyn, New 
York. Gordon, Jr., 5'^, and John King, 
3^4, are the other Hensleys. 

Charles Allen Hudson, born Febru- 
ary 7 to Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Hudson 
(Clydell Carter, '56), of New Albany, 
Mississippi. He was welcomed by two 
brothers, Eddie, 7i'2, and Robin, Wz. 

Cynthia Ann Hultz, born October 9 
to Mr. and Mrs. George A. Hultz (Bar- 
bara Wikstrand, '58-'60), of Biloxi. 
She was greeted by Alice Faye, 2, 
and Rebecca Lynne, 1. 

Andrew Dean Jones, born March 8 
to Dr. and Mrs. W. B. Jones, of Bald- 
win, Kansas. Mr. Jones graduated in 
1950. Andrew Dean was welcomed by 
Becky, Deddie, and Judy. 

Kelly Elaine Jones, born July 20, 
1964, to Dr. and Mrs. G. R. Jones 
(Sarah Jones, '58) of Huntington 
Beach, California. Tracy Louise, 4V2, 
and Stephen Earl, 2, greeted their 
sister. 

Joseph Thomas Lee, II, born June 
25 to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph T. Lee 
(Rose Reynolds, '57-'59), of Jackson. 

Becky Little, born October 19 to Mr. 
and Mrs. John Little (Lonetta Wells), 
both '54, of Jackson. 

Elsa Marie McDonald, bom on May 
3 to Mr. and Mrs. Jack M. McDonald, 
Jr. (Betty Louise Landfair), '58 and 
'57, of Clinton, Mississippi. She was 
welcomed by Susan Elizabeth, 6, and 
Laura Louise, 3. 

Stevens Lewis McEachin, born Janu- 
ary 31 to Dr. and Mrs. John D. Each- 
in (Sylvia Stevens), '57 and '56, of 
Meridian, Mississippi. The baby was 
welcomed by John, 4V2, and Susan, 2. 

Rebecca Edwina Meisburg, born 
April 21 to Mr. and Mrs. Stephen 
Meisburg, Jr. (Clara Frances Jack- 
son), '63 and '62, of Lexington, Ken-i 
tucky. 

William McNeill Moore, born April 
7 to Mr. and Mrs. James Love Moorei 
(Betty Bartling, '60). of Natchez. 

John Thomas Noblin, Jr., born Junei 
7 to Mr. and Mrs. John Thomas Nob- 
lin (Larry Ford), '62 and '61, of Jack-: 
son. 

Phyllis Lee O'Hara, bom March 3 
to Mr. and Mrs. John O'Hara (Martha 
Ann Smith, '57), of Huntsville, Ala- 
bama. 

Samuel Reed Orr, born March 31 
to Mr. and Mrs. William Orr (Susanna 
Mize), '64 and '62, of Jackson. 

Sophie Hutson Sistrunk, born to Dr. 
and Mrs. William Frank Sistrunk, of 
Jackson, on May 23. William Weston, 
who was born June 14, 1964, greeted 
his sister. Dr. Sistrunk, a pediatrician, 
graduated in 1954. 



16 



Major 
Miscellany 



1898-1919 

First Federal Savings and Loan As- 
sociation of Jackson has honored Ver- 
non Terrell McClendon, '94-'95, one of 
its charter directors who recently re- 
tired, by contributing funds in his 
name to three Jackson colleges, in- 
cluding Millsaps. The $1,000 fund was 
directed to the libraries of the colleges. 
Mr. and Mrs. McClendon (the former 
Helen Anderson) live in Jackson. 

Judge J. C. Russell, '02, of Sinton, 
Texas, reached his 90th birthday in 
April and was honored for a long and 
profitable life. He has been a teacher, 
legislator, newspaper publisher, jus- 
tice of the peace, county attorney, and 
county judge. Mr. Russell wrote the 
original resolution calling for the im- 
peachment of Texas Governor Jim 
Ferguson forty-eight years ago. He 
has been described as the best-known 
Mason in Texas. 

1920-1929 

After nearly a half century as a 
teacher, coach, principal, and superin- 
tendent, C. W. Brooks, '20, retired as 
superintendent of District Three 
Schools in July. Upon retirement he 
moved from Shelby, Mississippi, to 
Jackson. Mrs. Brooks is the former 
Frances Grimes. The couple has a 
son, Charlie, Jr. 

The Reverend W. L. Day, '22, has ac- 
cepted the pastorate of Beacon Street 
Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Mis- 
sissippi. He moved to Philadelphia 
from Calvary Church in Tupelo, where 
he had been the pastor for sixteen 
years. 

Shellie M. Bailey, '26, has been 
named principal of a new Jackson day 
school established by First Presby- 
terian Church. Mr. B^ailey retired as 
principal of Forest Hill High School in 
June. He has served thirty-one years 
in the field of education in Mississippi. 

1930-1939 

In February sixty of the world's 
leading statesmen, diplomats, politi- 
cians, and intellectuals met at the 



United Nations to discuss peace in 
the context of the encyclical of Pope 
John, "Pacem in Terris." Among 
them was Dr. R. Paul Ramsey, '35, 
Harrington Spear Paine Professor of 
Religion at Princeton University. The 
event was sponsored by the Center 
for Study of Democratic Institutions. 
The Saturday Review of May 1 gives 
highlights of the conversations and 
Dr. Ramsey is one of those quoted. 

Among the alumni who were as- 
signed new churches at the annual 
Mississippi Methodist conferences this 
year were the following: M. J. Peden, 
'38, who was welcomed to Tunica 
Methodist Church; Kelly Williams, '63. 
who will serve the Decatur Circuit in 
the North Texas Conference while 
studying at Southern Methodist Uni- 
versity; Ivan B. Burnett, '62, assigned 
to Grace Methodist Church in Grena- 
da; Glen O. Wiygul, '52, now pastor 
of St. Paul's in Clarksdale; and John 
L. Bowie, '52, assigned to Houston 
Methodist Church. 

The Reverend Fred J. Bush, '39, has 
resigned as rector of St. Phillip's 
Episcopal Church in Jackson to be- 
come Archdeacon of the Episcopal 
Diocese of Mississippi effective Au- 
gust 15. Mrs. Bush is the former Sarah 
Elizabeth White. The couple has a 
son, Robert Ellis. 

Colonel and Mrs. Paul Sheffield 
(Carolyn Buck), '39 and '36-'39, are 
living in Alexandria, Virginia, after 
a tour of duty in Balboa, Canal Zone. 
Colonel Sheffield is associated with 
the military construction section in 
the office of the Chief of Engineers in 
Washington, D. C. The Sheffields have 
three children. 

1940-1949 

New assignments for Methodist 
ministers in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, 
after Annual Conference, involved 
three alumni. Dr. G. Eliot Jones, '40, 
became district superintendent, mov- 
ing from First Methodist Church in 
Laurel; James S. Conner, '38, was 



named pastor of Broad Street Metho- 
dist Church, moving from Hawkins 
Street Church in Vicksburg; and 
Frank E. Dement, Jr., '32-35, is now 
pastor of Main Street Church, moving 
from St. Luke's in Jackson. 

Thomas G. Hamby, '41, has resign- 
ed as head of the athletic department 
at South Panola High School to ac- 
cept a post in the athletic department 
of Leflore County High School in*Itta 
Bena, Mississippi. Mr. and Mrs. Ham- 
by (Rosa Eudy, '41) and their three 
children will move to Itta Bena in 
the fall. 

New senior editor of Show magazine 
is Ben Hall, '39-'41, formerly of the 
Time Magazine staff. Mr. Hall is au- 
thor of The Best Remaining Seats, a 
study of American movie palaces. 

After a year of furlough in the 
States, the H. A. Zimmerman family 
has returned to Hong Kong, where Mr. 
Zimmerman teaches at the seminary 
and at Chung Chi, the Christian col- 
lege which has just become part of 
the Chinese University. Mrs. Zimmer- 
man (Ellenita Sells, '43) works with 
the English Sunday School of Truth 
Lutheran Church and teaches piano. 
Two months after their return they 
had been affected by three typhoons, 
two of which passed right over them. 

The Federal Reserve Bank of New 
York has named Alan R. Holmes, '43, 
manager of the Open Market Account. 
Mr. Holmes was formerly in charge of 
research and statistics at the bank. 
His new position is described as "one 
of the most important in the entire 
central bank." Open market opera- 
tions in government securities are de- 
signed to influence the level of re- 
serves of commercial banks and, 
hence, the cost and availability of 
bank credit. 

An appointment to the faculty of 
Florida Southern College in Lakeland 
for the Reverend W. Ellis Williamson, 
'43, will become effective this fall. Mr. 
Williamson will teach sociology and 
also serve on the staff of the college's 
extension and development depart- 
ment. 

The University of Bridgeport has 
appointed Dr. Justus M. van der Kroef, 

'44, chairman of the department of 
political science effective in Septem- 
ber. Dr. van der Kroef has been a 
member of <he faculty since 1956. He 
received his Master of Science degree 
from the University of North Carolina 
and his Ph.D. from Columbia. 



17 



Mrs. Cecil Inman, Jr., (Theo Sto- 
vall, '45) has been cited by the Milli- 
nery Institute of America as one of 
the nation's "Best-Hatted Women." 
A Jacksonian, she puts her artistic 
ability to use for various civic endeav- 
ors in Jackson. Mr. and Mrs. Inman 
(Mr. Inman attended in 1940-41) have 
a seven-year-old son. 

One of the designers of the new 
"Short Takeoff and Landing" air- 
craft developed by Ling-Temco- 
Vaught Company was Eugene Allen, 
'47. Mr. Allen received a Master's 
degree from the California Institute 
of Technology and a degree in nuclear 
engineering from Southern Methodist 
University. 

Dr. Freddy Ray Marshall, '49, has 
been named Presidential Adviser on 
Russian Economic Affairs. Dr. Mar- 
shall is professor of economics at the 
University of Texas. 

1950-1959 

The Mississippi Manufacturers As- 
sociation has named Williatn M. Jones, 
'50, to serve as director of programs 
and services. He began his position 
on June 1 after resigning as director 
of conferences and institutes for the 
University of Mississippi. Mr. Jones 
is married to the former Kathryn 
Greene and has one daughter. 

Mrs. William P. Martin (Milly East, 
'51) was elected national president of 
the National Association of Junior 
Auxiliaries in May. Mr. Martin is now 
co-owner and manager of Gray-Mar 
Farms, only local milk bottling plant 
in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. 

An advanced certificate in social 
work has been awarded to Curtis 
Clapham, '52, by the University of 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Clapham has been 
appointed executive director of family 
service of Chester County, which in- 
cludes most of Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. Mrs. Clapham is the former 
Sue Carol Etzenhauer. The couple has 
a daughter. 

William H. Moore, '53, has been 
named acting director and state geo- 
logist of the Mississippi Geologic Eco- 
nomic and Topographic Survey. He 
has been a staff geologist with the 
survey since 1960. Mrs. Moore is the 
former Elizabeth Anne Turner, '54. 

"An Outstanding Mississippi Biology 
Teacher for 1965" is William E. Brode, 
'49-'51, a member of the science facul- 
ty of Columbia High School. Mr. 



Brode was chosen from a group of 
some twenty-five deserving biology 
teachers for the honor by the Missis- 
sippi chapter of the National Associa- 
tion of Biology Teachers. 

Jackson attorney Gene Wilkinson, 

'54, has been named to the Junior 
Chamber of Commerce International 
Senate in recognition of his outstand- 
ing service to the Junior Chamber 
movement. Mr. Wilkinson is manag- 
ing partner of the law firm Stennett, 
Wilkinson, and Ward. He holds nu- 
merous positions of respwDnsibility. He 
was one of five Jacksonians listed in 
the 1935 edition of Outstanding Young 
Men of America. 

A Master of Sacred Theology de- 
gree was awarded to the Reverend 
Frank Burnett Mangum, '54, by the 
University of the South in June. He 
is associate rector of St. Paul's Epis- 
copal Church in Waco, Texas. 

Major Reginald Lowe, Jr., '55, is a 
resident in the opthalmology service 
at Walter Reed General Hospital in 
Washington, D. C. He was stationed in 
Aschaffenburg, Germany, for two 
years before moving to Washington. 
Major and Mrs. Lowe have a daugh- 
ter, Jennifer. 

David Franks, '57, is teaching and 
doing work toward his Ph.D. at the 
University of Minnesota. Mrs. Franks 
(Audrey Jennings, '54) is engaged in 
social service work at the Kenny Re- 
habilitation Institute, which is con- 
cerned chiefly with stroke patients, 
spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, 
and arthritis. 

With the exodus of Mr. and Mrs. 
Tom Boone (Edna Khayat), '56 and 
'54, from Jackson to Dallas in July to 
join the staff of Lovers Lane Metho- 
dist Church, the alumni working 
for the church now number four. 
They joined the Reverend James 
Noblin, '35, and the Reverend Roy H. 
Ryan, '52. Mr. Boone is taking a leave 
from bis duties as youth director at 
Galloway Church to take graduate 
work at SMU. 

A super-sensitive, heat-flux trans- 
ductor invented by S. J. Robertson, 
'57, has won a national invention 
award from the ISA Journal for the 
heating technology laboratory of which 
Mr. Robertson is vice-president. The 
firm is located in Huntsville, Tennes- 
see. 

The Coe Foundation of New York 



City awarded Jo Anne Tucker, '57, si 
fellowship for six weeks of graduate 
study at Abilene Christian College 
this summer. She holds the Master of 
Business Education degree from the 
University of Mississippi. 

The board of governors of the Socie- 
ty of Real Estate Appraisers has 
awarded the "Senior Residential Ap- 
praiser" designation to Harry R. 
Blair, '57. Mr. Blair is vice-president 
of Blair Realty Company in Jackson. 
He is vice-president of the Society's 
Jackson chapter. Mrs. Blair is the 
former Marilyn Wood, '57. 

Dr. John D. McEachin, '57, is en- 
gaged in the practice of pediatrics at 
the Medical Arts Clinic in Meridian, 
Mississippi. Dr. and Mrs. McEachin 
(Sylvia Stevens, '56), have three chil- 
dren. 

The Rochester, New York, Philhar- 
monic Orchestra has engaged the serv- 
ices of Samuel Jones, '57, as assistant 
conductor, effective this fall. Mr 
Jones is currently conductor and musi( 
director of the Saginaw, Michigan, 
Symphony. His Symphony No. 1 has 
had ten performances throughout thi 
country. Mrs. Jones is the former 
Nancy Peacock, '57. 

Mark C. Yerger, '58, has joined the 
National Bank of Commerce in Mem- 
phis as assistant vice-president of its 
corresponding bank department. He 
was formerly associated with the 
Jackson Hinds Bank of Jackson, where 
he was vice-president in charge ol 
operations. Mrs. Yerger is the former 
Ann Porter, '59. The couple has a 
daughter. 

Bryn Mawr College has awarded 
to Mrs. Peter J. Liacouras (Ann My- 
ers, '58) the Max Richter Fellowship 
in Political Science for graduate study 
in 1935-66. Mrs. Liacouras, now a resi- 
dent of Gladwyne, Pennsylvania, re- 
ceived the Master of Ails degree frorr 
Fletcher School of Law and Diploma- 
cy. 

John M. Carter, '59, has been nam 
cd director of the Jackson Municipal 
Library System. He assumed his du- 
ties on June 1, coming from a posi- 
tion as head of the circulation depart- 
ment of the Mississippi State Univer- 
sity Library. Mrs. Carter is the form- 
er Carolyn Robertson. The couple has 
two sons. 

A law office has been opened in 
Jackson by Jim Phyfer, '59, who was 



18 



for several years associated with the 
law firm Brewer, Brewer & Luckett. 
Mrs. Phyfer is the former Tally Mc- 
Gowan, '56-'59. The couple has two 
children. 

Captain Henry L. Lewis, III, '59, 
was one of four hundred U. S. Air 
Force medical officers who participat- 
ed in a series of programs in New 
York Oity which revealed the latest 
advancements in the medical aspects 
of aviation and space travel. He is 
assigned to Fairchild AFB, Washing- 
ton, as director of aerospace medicine 
service with the 810th Medical Group. 

196»-1964 

Advanced degrees were awarded 
this spring to Donald Louis Bonier, 
'60, who received his MD degree from 
the University of Mississippi Medical 
Center; Vernon Frank Ross, '61, the 
recipient of an M. D. degree from the 
University of Mississippi Medical Cen- 
ter; Dennis Ranee Glower, '63, who 
received a Master of Science degree in 
anatomy at the University of Missis- 
sippi Medical Center; William M. Can- 
non, '61-'62, awarded the Doctor of 
Dental Science degree by the Univer- 
sity of Tennessee; and Fred A. Mur- 
phree, '58, who was awarded a DDS 
degree by the University of Tennes- 
see Medical School. Dr. Bomer will 
intern next year at Parkland Memo- 
rial Hospital in Dallas. Dr. Ross will 
intern at the University of Mississippi 
Medical Center. Dr. Cannon wDl enter 
the Armv at Fort Ord, California, for 
two years. 

Captain James F. Oaks, '56-'57, who 
is a member of the staff of the Nike- 



X project office of Redstone Arsenal 
in Huntsville, Alabama, has been 
spending his spare time as a member 
of the Huntsville Community Chorus. 
He starred as the male lead in a re- 
cent production of "Carousel." Cap- 
tain Oaks was a featured soloist with 
the West Point Cadet Glee Club after 
leaving Millsaps. 

Greenwood (Mississippi) High School 
has named Bobby Ray, '56-'59, head 
basketball and baseball coach. Mr. 
Ray was serving as freshman bas- 
ketball coach at Mississippi Col- 
lege at the time of his appointment. 
Mrs. Ray is the former Linda Mun- 
son, '59. 

Dr. Charles A. Ozbom, '60, has open- 
ed an office for the general practice 
of medicine in Eupora, Mississippi. 
He interned at Baptist Hospital in 
Jackson. Mrs. Ozbom is the former 
Mabel Rhodes. 

Gulfport, Mississippi, is the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Francis M. Emerson, 
■Tr., (Patricia Ann Byrne, '60). Mr. 
Emerson, a graduate of Southeastern 
Louisiana College, is assistant field 
director of the American Red Cross 
at Keesler Air Force Base. Mrs. Em- 
erson is employed at the Veterans 
Administration Hospital. 

Else Maria Aurbakken, '60, has been 
elected secretary of international af- 
fairs of the Woman's Division of the 
Methodist Board of Missions. Her 
work involves Methodist United Na- 
tions seminars and liaison work with 
the U. N. Miss Aurbakken has been 
on the Board staff since 1963. 



Information Needed 

Dr. James A. Montgomery, Athletic Director, is writing a book 
entitled Athletes and Scholars: A Sports History of Millsaps College. 

He requests help from alumni in obtaining information needed 
fo complete the history. He is seeking additional information for 
all years in the following categories: 

Schedules and results 

Rosters 

Honors to players (captain, 

All Conference, All American, etc.) 
Records (school, conference) 
Memorabilia (photographs, certificates 

of merit, etc.) 
Any other facts and figures of general 

interest 

The years preceeding 1934 are the ones in which the most infor- 
mation is needed. 

Material should be addressed to Dr. Montgomery at Millsaps. 



Master of Education degrees were 
awarded to Edwin Ronald Carruth, 
'60, and Charles Michael Rueff, Jr., 

'61, by the University of Southern Mis- 
sissippi this spring. Both earned de- 
grees in principalship. 

An office for the general practice 
of dentistry has been opened in Magee, 
Mississippi, by Dr. Harold B. Brooks, 
'57-'60. Dr. Brooks has just completed 
two years of military duty. He is 
married to the former Nancy Caro- 
line Young, '58-'60, and has a three- 
year-old son, Jeffry. 

A volume called Essays in History, 
composed of the best published essays 
at the University of Virginia, is being 
edited by Moody Simms, '62, a third- 
year graduate student. The book is an 
annual publication sponsored by the 
University's History Club. Mrs. Simms 
is the former Barbara Ann Griffin, 
'59-'61. 

Mrs. W. R. Anderson, Jr., (Nancy 
Grisham, '62) has been accepted to 
teach with the European division of 
the University of Maryland this fall. 
The Andersons are Living in Germany. 
Her brother Roy, '58, is now a general 
editor for the Princeton University 
Press. 

Christian County High School, in 
HopkinsviUe, Kentucky, has named 
Eldridge Rogers, '62, to the post of 
athletic director. During the past three 
years, as head basketball coach, Mr. 
Rogers has compiled a 46 won - 11 lost 
record. 

Steve C. Meisburg, Jr., '63, has been 
elected president of the Student Coun- 
cil of Lexington Theological Seminary. 
Mr. Meisburg is student pastor of the 
Bethlehem Christian Church in Clark 
County, Kentucky. Mrs. Meisburg is 
the former Clara Frances Jackson, 
'62. 

Paula Page, '64, is an apprentice 
artist with the Sante Fe Opera Com- 
pany this summer. She has been as- 
signed the role of Flora in "La Tra- 
viata" and is understudying the role 
of Suzuki in "Madame Butterfly" and 
a major role in the American pre- 
miere of an Italian opera. Miss Page 
is working toward a Master's degree 
in voice at the University of Indiana. 

A National Defense Education Act 
Fellowship in general biology for 1965- 
66 has been awarded to Alice Scott, 
'64, who is scheduled to receive a 
Master of Science degree in biology 
from Peabody College in August. Miss 
Scott will study at Vanderbilt. 



19 



Millsaps College 
Jackson, Miss. 3921C 




HOMECOMING 

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1965 



REUNIONS: Classes of 1916, 1930 
1931, 1932, 1933, 1941, 1949, 1950 
1951, and 1952. 



^^ 



flJOfl nOTK 



omorrows Student: 



;miilsaps college 
magazine 
fall, 1965 



,, ,.„■ oqn ubraw 



'ill he come to Millsaps? 






Kf, 



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'W^ ' 



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miijoii noTts 

millsaps college magazine 
fall, 1965 



MERGED INSTITUTIONS: Grenada 
College. Whitworth College, Millsaps 
College. 

MEMBER: American Alumni Council, 
American College Public Relations As- 
sociation. 



CONTENTS 



3 Events of Note 



4 The Changing Face of Recruitment 



10 Alumni in Recruiting 



16 New Dorms Help Enrollment 



18 Planned Estate Program 



20 Columns 



21 Major Miscellany 



Volume 7 



October, 1965 



Number 1 



Published quarterly by Millsaps College in Jackson, 
Mississippi. Entered as second class matter on Oc- 
tober 15, 1959, at the Post Office in Jackson, Mis- 
sissippi, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 



Shirley Caldwell, '56, Editor 



James J. Livesay, '41, Executive Director, Alumni 
Association 



Jim Lucas, '66, Photographer 



Presidential Views 

by Dr. Benjamin B. Graves 

In the summer, 1965, issue of Major Notes, I had the opportunity 
to discuss with you the matter of admission standards at Millsaps. 
The favorable comments received on this article were most grati- 
fying. The current issue deals with a process closely related to ad- 
missions: securing the desired student profile in quantity and 
quality. A common, but less precise, term for this process is re- 
cruiting. 

From reading current literature, cne might think that the big 
problem of colleges and universities today is one of controlling the 
number of applicants. And for institutions with minimal admission 
standards and low tuition, this thought is essentially right. But 
with the exception of a few hallowed schools, such is not the case 
with the private institutions, which combine reasonably high stand- 
ards with substantial tuition. 

For the academic year 1966-1967, our improved housing picture 
will open up the opportunity for a significant increase in residential 
students. We have just let contracts for the building of two dormi- 
tories, one for men and one for women. If we should choose to keep 
all of our existing housing in use, we could accommodate an addi- 
tional three hundred residents. In any event we shall have space 
for a sizable increase in our residential student body, and we are 
asking for your active interest in counseling and recruitment. 

Let me point out a few ways in which you can assist. First of 
all, surveys have shown that approximately 90% of students come 
to a private college such as Millsaps as a result of "word-of- 
mouth." This good word can come from alumni, parents, students, 
ministers, laymen, and friends of the college. Prospective students 
are eager for information and advice on college choices, and with 
thousands of alumni speaking well about Millsaps, we would be 
assured the desired quantity and quality of students. 

As you know, we are seeking the youngster with at least aver- 
age aptitude who wants a quality education in a Christian environ- 
ment and is willing to apply himself. Such a student can gain ac- 
ceptance to any college in Mississippi and to the majority in the 
nation. In many cases he is being tempted with enticing offers. 
Yet the fact remains that many of these students know nothing of 
Millsaps College. We find this lack of knowledge among persons 
both inside and outside the state of Mississippi. Heretofore we have 
had no full-time representative visiting schools and virtually no 
coverage beyond the state. This year we have employed counseling 
representatives and are extending our coverage to adjoining areas, 
ranging from Texas on the west to Tennessee on the north and 
Florida and Georgia on the east. Frankly, we would like to have 
a student body with national representation and at least a sprinkling 
of foreign students. Such a balance is needed to provide a stimu- 
lating educational environment. 

Many qualified students in Mississippi and adjoining states are 
overlooking the chance to get a good education in the South. Numer- 
ous Southern students go to other parts of the country, particularly 
the East, seeking a superior education. Yet we know of many cases 
where students have chosen a school which in overall quality does 
not stack up to Millsaps but where costs are double those at this 
college. There is substantive evidence to supiKjrt this contention, and 
we shall be glad to furnish references to nationally recognized in- 
dices for interested persons. 

Let me conclude by saying that we welcome your referral of 
students. The College, of course, must reserve the final decision 
on admission, but your involvement in this matter is eagerly 
sought and can be of immense importance. A convenient form for 
listing recommendations may be found on Page 23. 



Events of Note 



"POP" KING MOVES TO KANSAS 

Dr. Alvin Jon King, for many years 
director of the Singers, left Jackson 
on October 2 for permanent residence 
in Hesston, Kansas. 

Before his departure the Alumni 
Association honored him at an open 
house held in the Boyd Campbell Stu- 
dent Center. A steady flow of friends 
came by to wish "Pop" happiness in 
his new home. 

Dr. King organized the Singers in 
1935, shortly after he joined the Mill- 
saps faculty as director of choral 
music. The choir remained under his 
direction until his retirement in 1956. 

He introduced to Jackson the Feast 
of Carols, which has become a tradi- 
tional Christmas celebration. The first 
Feast of Carols was sung by 1,200 
voices in 1926. 

Dr. King had resided in Ridgeland, 
Mississippi, for the past few years 
and was a frequent visitor to the cam- 
pus. Hardly a musical event passed 
at which his presence was not noted. 

Relatives persuaded him to make 
Hesston his new home so that he 
could be near them. 

NEW FACULTY NAMED 

Twelve new full - time teachers 
joined the faculty this fall. 

They are as follows: 

John Quincy Adams, assistant pro- 
fessor and acting chairman of the po- 
litical science department; BA, Rice 
University, MA, Texas Western Col- 
lege, LL.B., University of Texas; 
teaching experience at Southwest 
Texas State and the University of 
Texas; 

McCarrell Ayers. instructor in 
voice; Bachelor of Music, Eastman 
School of Music, University of Ro- 
chester, Master of Voice, Indiana Uni- 
versity; teaching experience in priv- 
ate studio and Prattsburg Academy; 

Jerry Neal Bagwell, instructor in 
biology; BS, Austin Peay State Col- 
lege, MA, George Peabody; teach- 
ing experience at Fairfield, Ohio, 
High School; 

Carole Shields Dye, instructor in 
education; BA, Millsaps, ME, Univer- 



sity of Mississippi; teaching experi- 
ence at Spann Elementary School in 
Jackson and Oakland Consolidated 
School in Oxford, Mississippi; 

Donald E. Faulkner, instructor in 
physics; BS, Millsaps, MS, Univer- 
sity of Rochester; teaching experi- 
ence in Vicksburg Public Schools; 

Dr. Richard D. Hathaway, associ- 
ate professor of English; BA, Oberlin 
College, MA, Harvard, Ph.D., West- 
ern Reserve University; teaching ex- 
perience at State University College 
in New Paltz, New York, Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, and Harvard; 

Orvel Hooker, assistant professor of 
speech and director of forensics; BA, 
Ouachita, Bachelor and Master of 
Sacred Theology, Temple University; 
teaching experience at Hinds Junior 
College; 

Frank E. Polanski, instructor in 
music; BM, Eastman School of Music, 
University of Rochester, MM, Uni- 
versity of Michigan School of Music; 
teaching experience in private 
studio ; 

Dr. Lee Reiff, associate professor 
of religion and department chairman; 
BA, BD, Southern Methodist Univer- 
sity, MA and Ph.D., Yale; teaching 
experience at McMurry College, Mill- 
saps, and Yale; 

William Watkins, instructor in Ger- 
man; BA, Millsaps, MA, University 
of Mississippi. 

Dr. Lee O. Jones, visiting profes- 
sor of mathematics, and Gipson Wells, 
instructor in sociology, move to full- 
time status from part-time. Dr. Jones, 
chairman of the math department at 
William Jewell College for twenty-one 
years prior to retirement, is a grad- 
uate of William Jewell and holds the 
MA degree from Peabody. Mr. Wells 
is a graduate of Millsaps and re- 
ceived his MA degree from Missis- 
sippi College. 

FRESHMEN IN TOP BRACKET 

The average score of the 1964-65 
freshman class on the American Col- 
lege Test was in the top one percent 
as compared with the average scores 



of all other freshman classes of par- 
ticipating colleges. 

Three hundred twenty-nine colleges 
throughout the nation participated in 
the ACT program last year. The 
scores of the Millsaps students placed 
Millsaps among the top three of the 
329, although exact positioning was 
not revealed. 

Scores of some 150,000 students en- 
rolled as freshmen at the colleges 
were ranked. 

Dr. Russell Levanway, chairman of 
the psychology department, said that 
the mean score of Millsaps students 
was in the 99th percentile both on the 
ACT and in terms of high school 
record. 

BIOLOGY MAJORS OUTSTANDING 

Biology majors in the Class of 1965 
compiled the most outstanding record 
in the history of the biology depart- 
ment. 

Average score of the twenty seniors 
who took the Graduate Record Exam- 
ination in March ranked in the 85th 
percentile nationally. Two seniors 
were mid-year graduates and two 
took the exam during the summer 
and were not included in the statistics. 

One of the mid-year graduates, 
Charles Steele, of Meridian, scored 
in the 99th percentile. His score was 
740, but the highest score which is 
ranked on the chart is 720. 

Eight of the Millsaps biology majors 
scored in the 93-97 percentiles, four 
of them in the 97th percentile. Scores 
of four others were in the 84-92% 
range, and three more scored in the 
74-81% range. 

Eleven of the twenty-four students 
who took the G.R.E. this year scored 
in the 90th percentile or above, which 
means that they are included among 
"the top ten per cent of all students 
taking the examination in the nation 
during 1965. 

Rondal Bell, chairman of the 
biology department, said that a com- 
prehensive view of the national 
averages required the knowledge that 
at many universities only those stu- 
(Continued on Page 19) 



Will they come to Mill saps? 



The 

Changing 

Face 

of 

Recruitment 



Nationwide figures are not yet in as to how many 
freshman students entered college this fall. In May U. S. 
News and World Report estimated that 1.4 million high 
school seniors planned to enter college in September. The 
same article said that 100,000 or more who were scholas- 
tically qualified were unlikely to find openings. 

The magazine stated that the eight Ivy League col- 
leges received 50,000 applications for 9,000 freshman 
openings and that the Now York State university system 
had approximately 75,000 applications for 28,000 fresh- 
man openings. 

For years now the main talk regarding colleges has 
been the big boom in students. Why, then, if students 
are being turned away, is recruitment necessary? Why 
has Millsaps College just this summer hired two admis- 
sions counselors whose chief jobs will be the recruit- 
ment of students? 

Apparently the boom is being felt principally by the 
"prestige" colleges, and by that is meant colleges with a 
national reputation, not just those with high academic 
ratings. A later issue of U. S. News and World Report 
(August 30) indicated that a sizable number of vacan- 
cies were reported by smaller colleges. It cited the 
state of Oregon, where eleven out of thirteen private 
colleges were still taking qualified students. 

Nor are the South and the Midwest feeling the boom 
as much as the Eastern states and the West Coast. En- 
rollment is up in all of the colleges in Mississippi, but 
so far there has been no serious problem in numbers. 
The major problem, according to the Department of 
Education, is in housing. Dr. J. T. Sparkman says that 
three or four state institutions experienced a critical 
shortage in dormitory space this year. 

Dr. Sparkman states that over the past few years 
there has been a two percent increase each year in the 
number of high school graduates going on to college. 
There has also been a boom in the number of students 
graduating from high schools in Mississippi. The latest 



information from the Department of Health, Education 
and Welfare also indicates that Mississippi is importing 
a substantial number of students from out of state while 
exporting a comparative few. 

What about the future in Mississippi? Dr. Sparkman 
says that the state simply has not been able to keep up 
with the demand despite its building program. 

The picture at Millsaps this year is this: There is an 
increase of 25% in new students enrolling at Millsaps, 
but enrollment still is not at an all-time high. The dormi- 
tories are filled to capacity, but there was still room 
for students who do not require housing on the campus. 

Officials say Millsaps aims for an eventual enroll- 
ment of 1,200. Maximum efficiency requires this num- 
ber, they state. Everyone knows that not just any appli- 
cant is accepted. It is a fact that students scoring less 
than twenty on the American College Test have very 
little chance of winning admission to Millsaps. 

So Sam Cole, '64, and Gerald Jacks, '65, have their 
job cut out for them. They have to help Millsaps reach 
its maximum efficiency within the limits of its housing 
capacity and its admission standards. 

Their job will be eased somewhat by the two new 
dormitories which are scheduled for contruction this 
year, giving 176 more spaces for women and 162 more 
for men (see Pages 16-17 for this story). Housing is 
apparently a problem throughout the nation, especially 
for women, who are usually required to live on campus 
unless they live with their families. James K. HitI, im- 
mediate past president of the American Association of 
Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, says, 
"The percentage of boys who go to college is not sub- 
stantially greater than it was in the recent past, but 
there is a big increase in girls. . . . The real limit on 
admissions at many campuses is the amount of student 
housing available . . . the very difficulty of creating 
enough housing for girls puts a special limit on the open- 
ings that can be made for them." 




One thing has been quite apparent at Millsaps in 
the past few years: this is a mobile society. Ten years 
ago 257o of the graduates of Jackson high schools at- 
tended Millsaps, a fact which helped keep enrollment 
up and housing problems down. Currently only about 
ten per cent of Jackson's seniors enroll at Millsaps. Jack- 
son, with its large school system and better-paid and 
thus usually better qualified teachers, and its metropoli- 
tan atmosphere, produces the greatest percentage of 
college-bound students in the state. The fact that these 
students choose out-of-town schools hurts Millsaps. 

Mobility also affects the upperclassman picture. 
Parental influence may persuade students to remain 
close to home for the first year or so. But the desire to 
move around, to broaden contacts and interests, often 
leads students to transfer to out-of-state schools later in 



their careers. In personal conversations these students 
often express complete satisfaction with Millsaps, but 
the urge to look around is stronger than the will to stay. 

Another factor which affects enrollment was dis- 
cussed in the summer issue of Major Notes: the Col- 
lege's reputation for "hardness." This reputation deters 
some students who could succeed at Millsaps from even 
trying and encourages some of the ones who do come to 
transfer, either to have a more pleasing transcript of 
grades with less effort or to avoid the comprehensive, 
or both. 

Cole and Jacks say that one of their major efforts 
will be to correct some fallacious ideas about compre- 
hensives and the above-mentioned "hardness." "Many 
students think that a comprehensive covers everything 
they've studied rather than just their major field," they 




Jacks addresses a high school group on the merits of Millsaps. He hopes to convince such groups that average stu- 
dents are welcome at Millsaps as well as the intellectuals. 



The Changing Face 
of Recruitment 



Will they come to Millsaps? 




Cole has a private conference with two prospects 



say. "They also worry about whether or not they can 
pass it, thinking that it is an extremely difficult exam. 
First we have to let them know that only the major 
field is covered. Then we have to convince them that 
many of the reports they hear are exaggerated, that 
students who can pass the subject matter at Millsaps 
can pass the comprehensive." 

The affluency of society in current times is also a 
factor in the mobility of the present generation. This 
statement may seem paradoxical in view of the fact 
that Millsaps charges the highest tuition in the state 
(although followed very closely by Belhavenj. Consider 
the fact, however, that many of the Jackson students 
who came to Millsaps were motivated to do so because 
they could receive quality education and yet save on 
expenses by living at iiome. Now, officials say, such 
students often prefer to apply for scholarship aid so 
that they may attend out-of-town schools. 

Mobility works conversely, too. For example, en- 
rollment of students from Memphis has risen sharply. 
Memphians want to leave their city, too, and Millsaps 
attracts many of them because it is small and has a 
good scholastic rating. The counselors hope to develop 
the same sort of situation in other large Southern cities, 
including New Orleans, Atlanta. Birmingham, Little 
Rock, Dallas, Fort Worth, and Houston 

Thus it appears that recruitment is not a field to be 
relegated to obsolescence. Recruitment, as admissions 
personnel see it, implies a duty to the student as well 
as to the college being served. Rollin E. Godfrey, direc- 
tor of admissions and reci'uitment at the University of 
South Carolina, has said, "... I would suggest that re- 
cruitment is the identifying and energiz;ng of people 
with potential for higher education, and the rendering 
of all assistance possible in getting them enrolled either 
in his institution or one better able to meet the person's 
need." 

Jacks and Cole, although new to the recruiting field, 
have some def'nite ideas about their plans and goals. 
They visualize as their biggest problem convincing well 
motivated average students that they can gain admis- 
sion to Millsaps. "Too many students feel they don't 
have a chance of getting in," Cole says. "In many cases 
they have good high school records but still feel they 
aren't good enough." 

Don't the ACT scores help to convince them that they 
will qualify? "Yes," says Jacks, "but many don't know 
what various schools require. Our job, as we see it, is 
to interpret Millsaps' requirements to them." 

"We don't want to picture Millsaps as an 'easy' 
school," Cole explains, "but we must make students re- 
alize that they have the ability required for Millsaps." 

Cole and Jacks also plan to place a great deal of 
emphasis on aid programs at Millsaps. The high tuition 
charges at Millsaps will deter a great many students, 
they say. "We will tell them about our work-study and 
scholarship and loan programs and try to convince 
them that anybody can go to college if he has the de- 
sire." Officials feel that the work-study plan, through 
which students are paid by the government to perform 
jobs assigned by their colleges, will assume increasing 
importance. They say that qualifications will be eased, 
allowing more students to participate. 

Millsaps is following a national trend in insisting 
that students assume greater responsibility for the cost 
of education. U. S. News and World Report cites the 
following examples of schools which have increased tui- 



tion and fees: the University of the Pacific, a private 
co'.lege, increase of average of 11% per year over the 
past nine years, now $1,500; University of Southern 
California, $1,200 last year, $1,500 this year; Occidental 
College, increase to $1,500 from $1,350 (ten years ago, 
$800); Rice, no tuition until this year, now $1,200; Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, 35% increase over past ten years; 
State College of Iowa, 50% increase in past ten years. 

Closer to home, this is the picture of schools of simi- 
lar size to Millsaps (figures are for 1965-63): 





Tuition- 


Room &: 






Fees 


Board 


Total 


Millsaps 


$ 700 


$600 


$1,300 


Birmingham-Southern 


750 


675 


1,425 


University of the South 


1,570 


750 


2,320 


Southwestern 


1,200 


72,=: 


1,925 


Davidson 


1,285 


645 


1,930 


Maryville 


857 


635 


1,492 


Lambuth 


600 


580 


1,180 


Hendrix 


659 


650 


1,309 


Centenary 


800 


690 


1,490 


Centre 


1,280 


800 


2,080 


IMississippi College 


535 


499 


1,034 


Belhaven 


695 


600 


1,295 


Central, Missouri 


750 


700 


1,450 


Ouachita 


500 


550 


1,050 


Austin 


1,300 


725 


2,025 


Huntingdon 


700 


700 


1,400 


Wofford 


1,135 


710 


1,845 



Jacks and Cole will spend a great deal of time on 
the road this year. They plan to visit every high school 
in the state which is accredited by the Southern Associa- 
tion of Colleges and Universities — and any others which 
invite them. In many cases they will make two and 
even three visits. They also plan to travel extensively in 
surrounding states. At the present time their itinerary 
includes Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Florida, Lou- 
isiana, Texas, and Arkansas. 

In addition to the mobility of this generation, one 
reason for recruiting out of state is to give Millsaps a 
more cosmopolitan student body. This year about one 
fifth of the freshman class is from out of state. The 
percentage could be increased to advantage, officials 
say. 

The counselors will take full advantage of the Col- 
lege Day programs of various high schools. College 
Days have come in for a good bit of discussion by col- 
lege administrators recently because they are some- 
times badly planned. Godfrey described possibilities: 
"Who among us has not arrived promptly at a high 
school at the time designated by the statewide program 
for high school visitation and armed with a complete 
set of bulletins and other information found that prepara- 
tions for tiie visit have not been made? Who has not 
addressed a group of first-choice students believing he 
was talking to seniors, or at least juniors and seniors, 
only to find that his group consisted mainly of disinter- 
ested high school freshmen and sophomores, dismissed 
from classes to join the others? Have you ever, attended 
a 'college night' where the college representatives out- 
numbered the total of parents and children attending? 
Perhaps you've been invited to the school for an early 
afternoon program when another important event such 
as the county fair is in progress. Your arrival is an- 
nounced thusly: 'Attention all students. College repre- 
sentatives are in the gymnasium. Those of you wishing 



M ■ 




Jacks leaves McComb High 
School after a recruiting visit. 



The Changing Face 
of Recruitment 



to discuss college with them now, go quietly to the gym. 
Classes are dismissed for all others wishing to go to the 
fair.' " 

Godfrey then quoted an article by M. Overton Phelps 
in College and University in which Mr. Phelps gave the 
following reasons for continuing such programs in South- 
ern states (he was speaking specifically of Georgia): 

"1. The majority of the high schools still do not 
have counselors. Many of the schools who have coun- 
selors have an unrealistic counselor-student ratio which 
makes it difficult to do an adequate job of pro-college 
counseling. 

"2. College admissions requirements and procedures 
are changing so rapidly that personal contact is neces- 
sary for high school students to be kept up to date. 

"3. The college 'night' program provides more op- 
portunity for the high school to involve parents in col- 
lege selection procedures. Many parents have not at- 
tended college themselves, and like to get first hand in- 
formiation concerning college expenses and college life. 

"4. The college 'day' program provides a point of 
departure for the school counselor in helping a student 
with his choice of college. Many high school sophomores 
or juniors have given little thought to college choice 
until stimulated by the program to do so." 

Cole and Jacks plan to work closely with alumni in 
recruiting, especially through the Key Man program, 
for which plans are beginning to progress. The alumnus 
appointed the Key Man for recruitment in a specific 
area will be asked to help by providing names of quali- 
fied students, visiting students personally, bringing stu- 
dents to the campus, and arranging meetings at which 
the counselors can speak to and visit with the students. 

Last summer Cole and Jacks went to church camps 
and retreats to speak to the students about Millsaps. 
They plan to continue this work through the church 
Methodist Youth Fellowship programs. 

They hope to enlist the student body in their efforts. 
They will ask groups to provide programs for specific 
purposes. Circle K, the college equivalent of Kiwanis, is 
already at work planning programs on college life for 
presentation at Key Club meetings throughout the state. 

Mainly they intend to follow up on leads more close- 
ly than in the past, to make sure that their contacts 
know fully about Millsaps. "We've got to let them know 
we're interested," they state. 



A session with Principal Percy 
Reeves and Counselor Mrs. Wil- 
lis White at McComb High School 
identifies prospects. 





The admissions counselors 
will work closely with high 
school counselors. Mrs. Willis 
White, of McComb High 
School, makes suggestions. 



The average student 
can succeed at Millsaps, 
Jacks tells a group of 
students. 




The Changing Face of Recruitment 




Robert Maddox, '56 



Alumnus Plus Prospect 



By James J. Livesay 

Director, Alumni and Public Relations 

Once upon a time an alumnus was a person who 
came back to the campus of his Alma Mater to capture 
his lost youth and complain about the football team. 
To almost no one's regret, that character has gone the 
way of the DoDo bird. 

Since World War 11 a new image has been taking 
shape. Today's alumni are partners in higher education 
with the institutions which gave them their passports 
into the world. Colleges no longer nourish a secret dread 
of alumni "interference" in college affairs. To the con- 
trary, alumni relations is a pivotal part of the college 
program and alumni are considered the closest of con- 
stituents, extensions of the college to the grass roots of 
the communities it serves. 

Millsaps College's policy reflects this high regard 
for alumni in its long range plans for College develop- 
ment. Wherever there are needs and enlarging oppor- 
tunities, alumni leadership is being enlisted to give as- 
sistance. Take student recruitment, for example. The 
school year 1965-66 will see redoubled effort on the part 
of the College to expand its recruitment activities, and 
alumni will be important partners in the program. 

The alumni role in recruitment will be a part of the 
Key Man Plan developed by the Alumni Association's 
Board of Directors to serve the College in every area 
of college concern at the local level. 

Anyone who has read the educational sections of the 
national press or who has seen educational journals and 
newsletters will know that college and university alumni 
across the nation are becoming increasingly active ir 
recruiting promising prospective students for their Alma 
Maters. Results measured by admissions officers show 
that they are impressively effective. The old advertis- 
ing adage "ask the man who owns one" seems to bt 
convincing to the high school student when it concerns 
college diplomas. Graduates and former students of at 
types of institutions, including the highly selective East- 
ern colleges, are giving generously of their time anc 
getting results for their schools. 

Elsewhere in this issue plans for an aggressive anc 
selective campaign in student recruitment by Millsaps 
have been outlined. The target is the well motivatec 
average and above-average high school or junior col 
lege student. The two admissions counselors, Sam Cole 
'64, and Gerald Jacks, '65, will be in the field undei 
the supervision of Paul D. Hardin, Director of Admis 
sions. Other college administrators, faculty members anc 
students will assist. The most effective assistance, how 
ever, can come from alumni and other friends at th( 
"grass roots." There are no limits to the geographica 
areas of interest to the College. Although initial organiza 
tional effort on Key Men will be concentrated mostly ii 
Mississippi, assistance from out-of-state alumni is eager 



10 



Equal Millsaps Student 



ly sought. The College is greatly interested in increas- 
ing out-of-state enrollment. 

Specifically, here's what alumni Key Men for recruit- 
ment will be asked to do: The Key Man or the Key Man 
Committee (when several are at work) will represent 
Millsaps' interests in student recruitment in the com- 
munity. Admissions counselors will call on them when 
they are in the area, seek advice, and ask for specific 
assistance. The Key Man will be asked to contact prin- 
cipals and counselors, seek their help in identifying capa- 
ble students, and pass the information on to College offi- 
cials. Parents of prospective students are important in 
the recruitment effort. The assistance of the Key Man 
in keeping parents informed and arranging for visits in 
the homes of students may be requested. The Key Man 
may be able to schedule meetings in churches or pic- 
nics at nearby parks or lodges where college officials 
can meet with groups of students. He will, on occasion, 
be asked to represent Millsaps at College and Career 
Days in local high schools. 

Recruitment material will be supplied for use by 
Key Men, and plans are being made to invite all Key 
Men to come to the campus for annual briefings on the 
total college picture so that they will be informed repre- 
sentatives in their own communities. 

It should be pointed out that Key Men for recruit- 
ment will not be working alone in their communities. 
The College is enlisting the help of several alumni in 
each community to represent the College in other areas 
of concern. There will be Key Men for public informa- 
tion, fund raising, music interests, athletics, civic and 
service club relations, and several other categories. 
Some cities have alumni at work now in one or more of 
these areas of concern. They will form the general Key 
Man Committee which will meet on call from time to 
time to discuss progress. 

Admission Counselors Cole and Jacks have planned 
their fall recruitment trips, and letters have gone to 
alumni in towns on their itinerary. Response has been 
excellent. At press time only affirmative replies had 
been received. There are many towns and cities both in- 
side Mississippi and across the nation where volunteers 
are needed. If you are willing to invest some time for 
Millsaps and if student recruitment interests you, write 
us. The College needs you. There's a big and vitally im- 
portant job to be done. 

Increasingly a college or university is judged not 
only by the reputations of its alumni but by their record 
of interest in and service to their Alma Maters. Alumni 
of Princeton, Duke, Sewanee, Wofford, Emory, Yale, 
Harvard — and many, many more — are achieving im- 
pressive results in student recruitment for these institu- 
tions. Millsaps College alumni, we confidently predict, 
will be equally responsive and successful. 





Dennis Horn, McComb High School 



11 




12 




The Changing Face of Recruitment 




Two Invaluable 
Aids to Recruiting: 

The Alumnus and the 
Methodist Church 



The most important away-from-the-campus forces for 
the advancement of Millsaps College are the alumni and 
the Methodist Church. The help of both is needed in 
presenting Millsaps to the students of various areas. The 
alumnvis knows from experience that many reports about 
the "hardness" of Millsaps are exaggerated; he can help 
to present a true picture. The church knows that Millsaps 
stresses a Christian atmosphere; Methodist young people 
should be informed and should be interested. Millsaps 
is a school to be proud of, but only demonstrated pride 
will help to convince high school seniors that Millsaps 
bears looking into. 



Robert Maddox, Class of '56, talks with 
his pastor, The Reverend David Ulmer, 
'34-'3G, of Centenary Methodist Church 
in McComb, about ways to promote Mill- 
saps through the church. 



13 




Well-rounded students who have extracurricular as well as 
academic ability are bonus prospects. Alumni know who they 
are in their communities. Maddox talks with John Lowery, 
'56, coach at McComb High School. 



Below: Maddox talks to Mrs. John S. Thompson 
(Peggy Weppler, '46) and her son Taylor about re- 
quirements for admission. Alumni can dispel fears 
about admissions difficulties. 




14 





Paul Hardin, left, Director of Ad- 
missions, helps Cole and Jacks plan 
their fall itinerary. (Photo by Ernest 
Rucker, '68). 



At a supper meeting; of Circle K Cole and Jacks outline plans 
and solicit help. Circle K is planning programs for high school 
Key Clubs. 



On Campus: 



Circle K Gets a Briefing, 
Counselors Finalize Plans 




Dean of Students John Christmas 
discusses plan at Circle K meeting. 



15 










Proposed Men's Dormitory 



New Dorms Will Help Enrollment 



Officials call the two new dormitories scheduled for immediate 

construction a new concept of student housing. Designed by R. 

W. Naef and Associates, the modular type, air-conditioned 

dormitories will be ready for occupancy at the beginning of the 

1966-67 school year. They will house a total of 338 students. 

Officials say the dormitories have been designed with the 

express needs of college students in mind. The final plans are 

the result of study and a great deal of research by the architect, 

Dean of Students John Christmas, and Dean of Women Mrs. 

Henry Pate, in cooperation with groups of students who served 

as advisers. The new buildings will be constructed in units 

which will each house sixteen students. A special feature will be 

rooms that are designed for two students with a divider which 

will allow one student to study undisturbed while the other 

sleeps or entertains friends. Each room will be 

subdivided into a study-dressing area and a sleeping area. 



16 


























Proposed Women's Dormitory 



The women's dormitory, which will house 176 students, will be 
located to the west of the current women's complex. It will 
be divided into four three-story units. In addition to a large lobby 
for receiving guests, the dormitory will feature an informal 
lounge for television viewing, a study room, a small kitchen 
unit, and an area for concessions machines. A laundry room 
will be central to the units on each floor. In the men's dormitory 
which will be located near the North President Street extension and 
will house 162 students, each unit will be a separate entity and 
will contain its own individual facilities. Each unit will have a 
lounge, with a large lounge connected to the housemother's 
apartment, and concession machines will be available. Each 
roonn will have its own heating and cooling control. Both dormitories 
will contain apartments for housemothers. The modular type 
dormitory has been researched and recommended recently 
on an international scale. 



17 



Planned Estate Program 



How to give more for less 



By Barry Brindley 
Director of Development 



Not too many years ago, Howard 
Gould died and left an estate of $64,- 
000,000. Mr. Gould was the last sur- 
viving son of the railroad tycoon Jay 
Gould. Certainly, you might say, this 
man must have had his financial af- 
fairs in order. An individual of this 
wealth would have had the best legal 
and financial counsel possible. 

The Federal and state estate taxes 
on Mr. Gould's estate totaled over 
$60,000,000, leaving less than $4,000,- 
000 for his many heirs. 

Perhaps this does not surprise you. 
We are all conditioned to the fact 
that our accumulated wealth will be 
subject to considerable taxation. 

The following case offers an inter- 
esting comparison, however: Another 
wealthy man, Vincent Astor, died in 
1960. He left an estate valued at ap- 
proximately $127,000,000. Out of this 
vast fortune the Federal and state 
tax collectors collected only $253,869. 

How did he do it? How was Mr. 
Astor able to conserve so much of his 
wealth when Mr. Gould did not? The 
answer is relatively simple. Mr. As- 
tor had planned his estate so that 
maximum advantage could be made 
of the tax-saving methods which are 
provided by our current laws. 

In his will he left 61.5 million dol- 
lars to his wife. This amount went 
tax-free under the marital deduction 
law. A similar amount, 60.5 million 
dollars, went to the Vincent Astor 
Foundation and several much smaller 
charities— all untaxable. Some $5,000,- 
000 went for debts, administration ex- 



penses, and lawyers. All that was left 
to tax was approximately $775,000. 

I believe these two cases prove a 
very dramatic point: Through proper 
planning of one's estate, conserva- 
tion of significant amounts of money 
can be realized, thus insuring greater 
financial security for family and loved 
ones and at the same time providing 
excellent methods for gifts to charity 
and higher education. 

You are probably saying at this 
point, "This looks dramatic, all right, 
but these two men were very wealthy. 
What about smaller estates? Do the 
same principles hold true?" 

The answer, of course, is yes, un- 
questionably yes. For example, an 
estate of $250,000 could shrink as much 
as $80,000, but with proper planning 
this shrinkage could be cut by as 
much as $40,000, thereby leaving $40,- 
000 more for the family, a college, or 
lesser amounts for both. 

There are no gimmicks here, no 
loopholes in the tax laws. The Fed- 
eral government has provided the 
framework for all of us to conserve 
what wealth we have accumulated. 
Unfortunately, not too many of us are 
aware of ways to go about it. Few 
people realize that through proper 
planning they would be able, not only 
to leave more money to their families, 
but also to make significant gifts to 
Millsaps College economically, either 
now or in the future, in sums they 
would not have thought possible. 

A study of an individual's complete 
financial picture often points out just 
how a donor may make a sizable 



gift to Millsaps without sacrifice o: 
financial security. 

Millsaps has established a gift anc ' 
estate planning program in the sin 
cere hope that the College can be o: 
real service in this very importan' 
area. We believe that when the fact; 
are made clear, many of our friend; 
will be able to sit down with their at 
torney.s and devise estate plan; 
which will save them many thousand; 
of dollars It is our further hope tha 
some of these savings will be sharec 
with Millsaps College. 

Large gifts are not made lightly 
and those who plan to make substan 
tial gifts to Millsaps must necessarilj 
consider how such a gift will affeci 
their own financial position. It is th« 
purpose of our gift and estate plan 
ning program to offer help in de 
termining this. 

Estate planning and gift planning 
have many advantages. Tax advan 
tage and personal satisfaction rank a 
the top of the list. According to Fed 
eral tax law, a deduction is allowec 
for contributions paid to certair 
charities during the next year. Thi; 
ruling states that among the quali 
fled charities are organizations op 
erated exclusively for "religious 
charitable, scientific, literary, or edu 
cational purposes." Further, undei 
this law, an individual is allowed tc 
deduct, for charitable contributions 
twenty per cent of his adjusted gross 
income, plus an additional ten pei 
cent in some cases. These specia 
cases include gifts to educational or 
ganizations, hospitals, and churches 
The effect of all this is that in most 
cases the actual cost of any contribu 
tion is almost always less than the 
dollar amount donated. 

Here is a realistic example: Ar 
alumnus is single and in his middh 
thirties. His adjusted gross income is 
$10,000, with a taxable income of $8, 
000. This man can give, under t h £ 
terms of the Federal tax laws, up tc 
thirty per cent or $3,000 of his ad- 
justed gross income of $10,000 to Mill- 
saps and claim a charitable deductior 
for the entire $3,000. Let us assume 
that this man gives $2,000 to Mill- 
saps. This will result in an income 
tax saving of $600. The $2,000 gift to 
Millsaps costs the donor $1,400. 

The cost of the gift would be ever 
lower if appreciated property, such as 
stocks, were given instead of cash. 
In this case, the donor would get 
credit for a donation at the full 
market value at the time of the gift, 
he would not be subject to capital 
gains tax, and the cost of the gift 



18 



would be the original cost of the 
securities. 

The following is an example of how 
a properly planned estate, utilizing 
a Charitable Remainder Trust, can 
eventual!}' strengthen the work of 
Millsaps CoUege: Alumnus Jones 
will die leaving a net taxable estate 
of $1,000,000. which represents about 
fifty per cent of his gross estate. Nor- 
mally, the Federal estate tax in such 
a case would be about $325,700. How- 
ever, by his will Mr. Jones planned 
both for his wife's security and for 
his Alma Mater by establishing a 
testamentary charity trust, designat- 
ing that his widow receive during her 
lifetime the income from the entire 
trust. At her death, the trust principal 
wiU be given to Millsaps. 

Assuming that Mrs. Jones is sixty- 
five years old at the time that the 
trust becomes effective, the estate 
taxes are reduced from $325,700 to 
$92,644 (based on the remainder in- 
terest tables of the Internal Revenue 
Service). This is a saving of $233,056, 
which, when invested at four per 
cent, will increase her annual income 
by $9,322. She will thus receive $36,- 
294 per year as opposed to the $26,972 
that she would have received annual- 
ly had she received the entire amount 
outright. 

To be sure, this is again a dramatic 
example, but it bears repeating that 
estate planning is beneficial for al- 
most everyone. Persons with more 
modest estates— say, $100,000 or more 
— can benefit, too; and every person 
should draw a formal will, the size 
of his estate notwithstanding. 

Anyone who is planning to make a 
bequest to Millsaps, and who is not 
now taking full advantage of the 
charitable deduction allowed by law 
on his annual income tax return, 
should seriously consider anticipating 
part of this bequest by making an- 
nual gifts of cash or other property in 
amounts that will utilize the deduc- 
tion. 

Opportunities and obligations for 
greater service offer a tremendous 
challtnge to Millsaps College. In or- 
der to meet this challenge properly, 
to take advantage of the opportuni- 
ties, to accept the obligations, the 
College must have the financial re- 
sources. It is the sincere hope of the 
Trustees, the administration, and the 
faculty that a significant portion of 
these needed financial resources will 
come from gifts from our alumni and 
friends — through well planned estates 
remembering the College, from chari- 
table trusts, and from outright gifts. 



Events of Note 



(Continued from Page 3) 
dents who plan to attend graduate 
school take the G.R.E. Thus, he said, 
schools with a hundred biology majors 
might have been represented on the 
G.R.E. rankings by only a small per- 
centage of the graduates. 

Twenty-three of the twenty-four bi- 
ology majors will attend graduate or 
professional schools. The one who will 
not is a housewife and mother who re- 
turned to school to complete require- 
ments for her degree but who will re- 
sume her homemaking career. 

SINGERS RECORD TOUR 

A recording of the Singers' 1965 
tour program of sacred choral music 
is available on a long-play album. 

The recording is on sale for $4.00 
in the Music Hall and the Public Re- 
lations Office. 

It features the tour program pre- 
sented by the 50-voice a cappeUa 
choir last year in selected cities in 
Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. 

Selections included are "I Will 
Praise Thee, O Lord," Knut Nystedt; 
"Lord, Thou Hast Been Our Refuge," 
Ralph Vaughan-Williams; "He Is The 
Lonely Greatness," Arthur Benjamin; 
"I See His Blood Upon The Rose," 
Arthur Benjamin; "On God And Not 
On Human Trust," Johann Pachelbel; 
"O Clap Your Hands," Ralph 
Vaughan-WilUams; "O Lord God," 
Paul Tschesnokoff ; "Create In Me, 
O God," Johannes Brahms; "Litany 
for Easter," Gordon Young; "A v e 
Maria," Sergei Rachmaninoff; "All 
Breathing Life," J. S. Bach; "Yea, 
Though I Wander," Schumann-P a u 1 
Christiansen; "Benediction and 
Amen," Lutkin. 

The Singers are directed by Leland 
Byler, chairman of the music depart- 
m.ent. 

MATORS TO MEET MC 

The Millsaps Majors and Mississip- 
pi College will renew an old basket- 
ball rivalry this year at the second an- 
nual Magnolia Invitational Tourna- 
ment. 

Spxjnsored by the Jackson YMCA, 
the tournament will be held December 
7-8 at the Mississippi Coliseum. 

Millsaps and MC will be paired for 
the first game of the tournament for 



their first meeting since the 1959-60 
season. In the second game Belhaven 
will meet last year's tournament win- 
ner, the University of Southern Mis- 
sissippi. 

On the second night the losers will 
play a consolation game at 7 p. m. 
and the winners will meet for the 
championship at 9 p. m. 

Tickets for the tournament will be 
on sale at appropriate places through- 
out the city at $1.50 for reserved seats 
and $1.00 for general admission for 
each game. 

The Major's basketball season will 
begin on December 1, with the sched- 
ule as follows; 

D:?c. 1 Huntingdon Jackson 

D->c. 3 U. of South Sawanee 

D2C. 4 David Lipscomb Nashville 

Dec. 7-3 Magnolia Tourn. Jackson 

Dec. II Alabama College Jackson 

Dec. 14 Southwestern Mamphis 

Dec. 16 Delta State Jackson 

Jan. 3 U. of South Jackson 

Jan. 6 William Carey Hattiesburg 

Jan. 8 Alumni Game Jackson 

Jan. 15 Birmingham-Southern Jackson 

Jan. 18 Belhaven (There) Jackson 

Jan. 31 Univ. of Mexico Jackson 

Feb. 1 University of Tampa Jackson 

Feb. 5 Birmingham-Southern Birmingham 

Feb. 8 Belhaven (Here) Jackson 

Feb. 10 Huntingdon Montgomery 

Feb. 12 Southwestern Jackson 

Feb. 15 William Carey Jackson 

Feb. 19 Alabama College Montevallo 

Feb. 22 Delta State Cleveland 

Feb. 25-26 Huntingdon Montgomery 

Tournament 

Season tickets for the eleven home 
games will go on sale on November 
15 for $6.50 each. They may be pur- 
chased through the offices of the Dean 
of Students and Director of Athletics 
and in the Business Office. 

Elsewhere on the sports scene, only 
two football games had been played 
at press time. The Majors suffered 
losses in both, but the coaches were 
very well pleased with the showing 
of the team. Athletic Director James 
Montgomery said prospects for the re- 
mainder of the season were quite 
good. 



I 



19 




In Memoriam 



Mary Frances Angle, '62, to Fred- 
eric Wright Vogler. Living in Caluire, 
Rhone, France. 

Susan Hart Brown, '56, to John Rob- 
ert Donohue. Living in Hattiesburg, 
Mississippi. 

Billy Lee Chambers, '63, to Donald 
Lee Elrich. Living in Boulder, Colo- 
rado. 

Polly Elaine Commer, '65, to James 
Edwin Holloway. Living in Clarks- 
dale, Mississippi. 

Barbara Earle Diffrient, '62-'65, to 
Henry Glenmore Ecton, II, '64. Living 
in Chicago. 

KatherLne Denham Egger, '65, to 
Henry Melville Nicholson, Jr. 

Maida Carolyn Fulgham to Joseph 
Carroll Blythe, '61-'63. Living in New 
Orleans. 

Jodie Ann Garner to Robert Brinson 
Martin, '55-'57. Living in Jackson. 

Helen Garrison, '63-65, to John P. 
Freeman, Jr., '64. Living in Clinton, 
Mississippi. 

Cecilia Ridgway Gilliland, '55, to 
C. Hervey Galloway, Jr. Living in 
Canton, Mississippi. 

Sharon Elizabeth Graves, '63, to 
Bruce Lanier Kolb. Living in Baton 
Rouge, Louisiana. 

Margaret Salena House to the Rev- 
erend Julian Bailey Rush, '59. Living 
in Fort Worth, Texas. 

Marifran Kelly to Lt. Steams Ly- 
man Hayward, '56. Living in Seattle, 
Washington. 

Thelma Anna Koonce, '64, to Peter 
Coddington Gerdine. Living at Chapel 
Hill, North Carolina. 

Elizabeth Ray Lackey to the Rev- 
erend Edwin Winston Williams, Jr., 
'58. Living in Brevard, North Caro- 
lina. 

Carol Ann Lichtenstein to Dr. Mel- 
vyn Elliott Stern, '56. Living at Luke 
Air Force Base, Arizona. 

Peggy Jean Lowry, '65, to John 
Gordon Roach, Jr. Living in McComb, 
Mississippi. 

Laura Dona McEachern, '65, to 
John Seymour Clark, '65. Living in 
Houston, Texas. 



This column is dedicated to the 
memory of graduates, former stu- 
dents, and friends who have passed 
away in recent months. Every effort 
has been made to compile an ac- 
curate list, but there will be uninten- 
tional omissions. Your help is solicited 
in order that we may make the col- 
umn as complete as possible. Those 
whose memory we honor are as fol- 
lows: 

Odie L. Brooks, '29, who died Au- 
gust 16. He lived in Lafayette, Louisi- 
ana. 

Mrs. Reuel Coleman, Whitworth, 
who died April 30. She lived in Homer, 
Louisiana. 

Jeff Collins, '08, who died in July. 
He was a resident of Laurel, Missis- 
sippi. 

A. L. Fairley, '02, who died Febru- 
ary 21. He lived in Birmingham, Ala- 
bama. 

J. Clyde McGee, 'Dl-'03, who died 
September 25. He was living in Jack- 
son. 

Lucien W. Reed, '06-'07, who died 
December 3. He was a resident of 
Jackson. 

Baldwin Edwin Shelton, '30-'35, who 
died June 22. He lived in Marks, Mis- 
sissippi. 

The Reverend Robert E. Simpson, 
'20, who died June 10. He resided in 
Dallas. 

Judge Oscar B. Taylor, '06, who 
died September 20. He lived in Jack- 
son. 




VUTU^t AlOIAM' 




(Children listed in this column must 
be under one year of age. Please re- 
port births promptly to assure publi- 
cation.) 

Sarah Ann Bowman, bom June 17 
to Mr. and Mrs. Howard K. Bowman, 
Jr. (Sarah Frances Clark, '47), of Or- 
lando, Florida. 

Mary Alison Boyd, born April 20 to 
Dr. and Mrs. George W. Boyd. Dr. 
Boyd, currently on leave, is chair- 
man of the English department. Dede, 



12, and Andy, 9, are the other Boyds. 

Elizabeth Porter Chapman, born' 
August 14 to Mr. and Mrs. Billy K. 
Chapman (Betty Gail Trapp, '58), otj 
Houston, Texas. Laura, 3, was de- 
lighted with her baby sister. 

Timothy Thomas Cherry, born July 
7 to Captain and Mrs. Billy O. Cherry 
(Shirley Stoker, '59), of Smyrna, Ten- 
nessee. Charlotte Gail, 2, greeted her, 
brother. | 

Elizabeth Gibbs Coleman, bom July 
18 to Mr. and Mrs. Irwin W. Cole- 
man, Jr. (Frances Thompson, '52-'54), 
of Mobile, Alabama. 

Kenneth Ray Devero, II, born Junei 
4 to Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth R. Devero 
(Miriam Jordan, '63), of Newbem, 
Tennessee. 

Kelly Love Dickson, bom October 
10, 1964, to Mr. and Mrs. R. Peyton 
Dickson (Eugenia Kelly, '57), of Ya- 
zoo City, Mississippi. She was wel- 
comed by Rhuel, Jr., 2"?^. 

Clyde Beaman Edwards, III, bom 
May 31 to Mr. and Mrs. Clyde B. Ed- 
wards, Jr. (Yvonne Moss, '57), of 
Jackson. 

Ann Elizabeth England, bom March 
22, to Mr. and Mrs. James J. Eng- 
land (Virginia Anne Hughes, '51), of 
Jackson. She was greeted by Jed, 7, 
and John, 3. 

Eric Gale Hendee, born August £ 
to Dr. and Mrs. William R. Hendee 
(Jeannie Wesley), '59 and '60, of Den- 
ver, Colorado. He was welcomed by 
Kyp, 4%, and Shonn, 2. 

Elizabeth Jeter, bom on July 26 to 
Dr. and Mrs. Marvin H. Jeter, Jr. 
(Betty Dribben), '58 and '60, of Jack- 
son. Marvin, III, 3, greeted the new- 
comer. 

Brent Lyttleton Johnson, Jr., bora 
January 3 to Mr. and Mrs. B r e n 1 
Johnston (Cynthia DuBard), '60 anc 
'62, of Jackson. 

Sandra Markham McNeill, b o r r 
May 12 to the Reverend and Mrs. Mel- 
ton McNeill, of Atlanta. Mr. McNeill 
graduated in 1959. 

Olive Olivia Moore, bom January 
12 to Mr. and Mrs. John D. Moore 
(Bethel Lou Saxton, '60), of Benton 
Mississippi. 

Thomas Bradley Parker, born No- 
vember 19, 1964, adopted by Mr. and 
Mrs. Thomas Parker (Mary Ruth 
Brasher), '54 and '53-'54, of McComb 
Mississippi. He was greeted by Brian, 
2V^. 

Patricia Thomas Powers, b o r r 
June 1 to Mr. and Mrs. Hyde Powers 
(Frances Fitz-Hugh, '56), of Colum- 
bus, Mississippi. Older sisters are 
Mary Chris, 6, and Margaret Leigh, 
5. 



20 



1900-1919 

A long feature story in an August 
;dition of the Madison County Herald 
;Canton, Mississippi) related some of 
he highlights of the life of Magruder 
Pearce, '01. Mr. Pearce's parents 
ived in Honduras, and he spent much 
)f his life in business enterprises 



ness in Washington, D. C, W. I. 
Peeler. '29, has been active in the 
promotion of an Eye Bank. Both he 
and Mrs. Peeler are active members 
of the organization, having willed 
their eyes to the Bank. Mr. Peeler 
serves as district governor of Lions 
International in Kosciusko. 



Major 
Miscellany 



here, including raising cane for and 
nanufacturing sugar, banana raising 
md exporting, and mahogany log- 
ging. Mr. Pearce now resides in 
^^anton with his daughter and her 
amily and spends much time in keep- 
ng up with the local, state, and in- 
ernational picture. 

Shervert Hughes Frazier, '12 - '13, 
;fclebrated the anniversary of fifty 
,'ears in the Christian ministry in 
luly. Mr. Frazier now resides in Mar- 
shall, Texas. 

Forty-seven years as an active Mis- 
sissippi Methodist minister ended for 
;he Reverend N. J. Golding, '17, when 
IS retired in July. Members of the 
First Methodist Church in Greenville 
lonored Dr. and Mrs. Gelding at a 
aanquet at which they were presented 
iifts of appreciation. Dr. Golding also 
retired from his position as a mem- 
Der of the Millsaps Board of Trustees. 

1920-1929 

Having retired as minister of evan- 
gelism for First Christian Church in 
Houston, Texas, Dr. James Sandlin, 
'21-'22, is devoting his energies to 
writing. Underway is an account of 
tiis years of service to the ministry, 
entitled The Musings of a Parson. Al- 
so scheduled is a novel. Dr. Sandlin 
resides in Greenville, Texas. 

Now residing in Kosciusko, Missis- 
sippi, following his retirement three 
years ago from the dry cleaning busi- 



1930-1939 

The Mississippi State Building Com- 
mission has employed Robert S. Simp- 
son, '30, as a full-time associate edu- 
cational faculties specialist. He is re- 
sponsible for the inventory of build- 
ings, room utilization surveys, assist- 
ing with the filing of HEFA applica- 
tions, preparation of biennial budgets 
and legislative requests, and prepa- 
ration of reports on building needs. 
He served as superintendent of the 
McComb, Mississippi, city schools be- 
fore accepting his present position. 

Mrs. Robert M. Hederman, Jr., 
(Sara Smith, '32) has been named to 
the board of commissioners of the 
Mississippi Library Commission. List- 
ed in "Who's Who of American 
Women" and "Who's Who in the 
South and Southwest," Mrs. Heder- 
man participates in many cultural, 
civic, and educational endeavors and 
has served as director of Belhaven 
College's Workshop for Dynamic Liv- 
ing. Her husband is the publisher of 
the Jackson Clarion-Ledger and Daily 
News. They have four children. 

The Meridian, Mississippi, Public 
Library has appointed Mrs. Roy P. 
Henderson (Adomae Partin, '33) to 
the position of children's librarian. 
Mrs. Henderson taught English seven 
years before entering children's li- 
brary work. She is active in a num- 
ber of civic and cultural organizations 
in Meridian. 



Having served as administrative of- 
ficer of the American Embassy in An- 
kara, Turkey, for the past several 
years. Harris Collins, '36, has been 
appointed director of the Office of the 
Budget of the Department of State. 
His new residence is Chevy Chase, 
Maryland. 

Gulf Oil Corporation has transferred 
Mr. and Mrs. George Voorhees (Phyl- 
lis Matthew, '37) to Pittsburgh. Their 
daughters — Mary, Sylvia, and Rosa- 
lyn — all attend North Allegheny High 
School. The family attends Ingomar 
Methodist Church, which was estab- 
lished in 1837. 

Additional appointments made at 
the Conferences of the Methodist 
Church in Mississippi in June include 
the following: The Reverend W. A. 
Pennington, '59, now pastor of the 
Lyon Methodist Church; the Rever- 
end Archie Leigh Meadows, '38, pas- 
tor of the First Methodist Church in 
Greenville; the Reverend Norman U. 
Boone, '33, pastor of Central Method- 
ist Church in Meridian; the Reverend 
John H. Millsaps, '50, pastor of the 
First Methodist Church in Baldwyn; 
and the Reverend James McCafferty, 
'47, pastor of the Leland Methodist 
Church. 

After completing six years as a Dis- 
trict Superintendent, Dr. Donald 
O'Connor, '39, has been appointed 
pastor of the First Methodist Church 
in Long Beach, California, by Bishop 
Gerald Kennedy. Mrs. O'Connor is the 
former Ollie Mae Gray, '39. 

A series of lectures was delivered 
at the University of Mississippi in 
August by Dr. O. D. Bonner, '39, 
chairman of the department of chem- 
istry at the University of South Caro- 
lina. He visited Ole Miss under the 
auspices of the National Science 
Foundation summer institute for sec- 
ondary school teachers. 

1940-1949 

Gordon Marks & Company of Jack- 
son has named Larry G. Painter, '41, 
to the position of executive vice-presi- 
dent. He returns to Jackson from New 
"Vork City, where he was senior vice- 
president of Palmer, Willson and Wor- 
den. Sutton Marks, '48, president of 
Gordon Marks & Company, made the 
announcement of Mr. Painter's ap- 
pointment. 

John Nicholson, '37-'38, was named 
Man of the Year by the Life Under- 
writers Association of Mississippi last 



21 



summer for his outstanding contri- 
bution to the profession. He received 
the Certified Life Underwriters des- 
ignation in St. Louis in September. 

A new book by Pulitzer Prize win- 
ner Dr. David Donald, '41, has been 
published by the Louisiana State Uni- 
versity Press. The Politics of Recon- 
struction consists of three lectures 
presented by Dr. Donald at LSU as 
Walter Lynwood Fleming lecturer. 
Harry C. Black Professor of Ameri- 
can History at the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, Dr. Donald is the author of 
five books and the editor of two oth- 
ers. 

It was Millsaps reminiscing time at 
William Beaumont General Hospital 
in El Paso when General Robert E. 
Blount, '28, discovered that Major 
Herman F. Zimoski, Jr., '38-'41, was 
the son of former coach Herman Zi- 
moski, Sr. General Blount remem- 
bered the major, who was on two 
weeks of active duty with his Re- 
serve unit, as the mascot of the Ma- 
jors during the 20's. One of the games 
they recalled was the Millsaps-Uni- 
versity of Miami clash on New Year's 
Day in 1927, which Millsaps won 27-0. 

In the game the late Potts Boswell, 
'26-'29, '30-'31, described as "a pon- 
derous tackle," ran eighty yards to 
score on a recovered fumble. The 
single Millsaps student rooter to ac- 
company the team was Heber Lad- 
ner, '29, now Secretary of State of 
Mississippi. 

Dr. Jean M. Calloway, '44, spent the 
summer in Kenya working with the 
ESI Mathematics Workshop. His as- 
signment was writing new mathemat- 
ics for Africa. Dr. Calloway is Olney 
Professor of Mathematics at Kalama- 
zoo College in Kalamazoo, Michigan. 

Taking a leave of absence from the 
Board of Missions, the Reverend D. 
A. Reily, '44, has been appointed to 
the Rex Methodist Church near At- 
lanta. He began graduate work in 
church history at Emory this fall. 

Mrs. Dorothy Eady Brown, '46, has 
been appointed to the library staff of 
Florida Southern College as head of 
reader service. She has held sev- 
eral library positions since receiving 
the Master's degree in library sci- 
ence from Florida State University. 

Lamar Life Insurance Company has 
appointed A. B. Magee, '49, group 
manager on its home office staff in 



Jackson. Mr. and Mrs. Magee have 
four children. 

1950-1959 
When Dewey Buckley, '50, received 
his Ph.D. degree from Tulane Uni- 
versity last spring, Belhaven College 
(where he is chairman of the depart- 
ment of language) issued a news re- 
lease listing his "firsts": first person 
to earn a Ph.D. in classical lan- 
guages at Tulane; first public school 
teacher in recent history of the state 
to obtain teaching certification in 
Greek; and first French teacher at 
Jackson's Provine High School. Dr. 
Buckley joined the Belhaven faculty 
in 1962. 

In August Don R. Pearson, '51, was 
transferred from the J. C. Penney 
Company of Fort Lauderdale, Flori- 
da, to the J. C. Penney Company of 
West Palm Beach, Florida, where he 
serves as manager. Mrs. Pearson is 
the former Betty Jo Davis, '51. The 
couple have five children: Don, Jr., 
Brooks, Kathy, Annette, and Melissa. 

Recent recipients of advance de- 
grees include Mary Sue Robinson, '51, 
who earned a Master of Arts degree 
from Harvard; and Holland Cornelius 
Blades, Jr., '64, who received a Mas- 
ter's degree in business administra- 
tion from the University of Southern 
Mississippi. Mr. Blades has been 
named an instructor in economics and 
business administration at Auburn 
University. 

Reading Unlimited, a project of 
Educational Development Laborator- 
ies, is directed in Clemson, South 
Carolina, by Mrs. S. D. Seymore (Bet- 
ty Russell, '54), a reading consultant 
for EDL. The program aims at in- 
creasing speed, vocabulary, and com- 
prehension. Mrs. Seymore has had 
several years of experience in public 
school teaching and private tutoring 
classes. 

President-elect of the Mississippi 
Conference on Social Welfare for 1965- 
66 is Tom O. Prewitt, Jr., '56. Mr. 
Prewitt, who received his Master's 
di-gree in social work from Florida 
State, works with the Department of 
Public Welfare in Jackson. Mrs. 
Prewitt is the former Patricia Mor- 
gan, '53-'54. Tommy, 6, and Susan, 3, 
ccmplete the family. 

Lt. Steams L. (Terry) Hayward, 

'56, is presently stationed at Sand 
Point Naval Air Station in Seattle, 
Washington, where he is the ground 



control approach officer and a heli- 
copter pilot. Mrs. Hayward is the 
former Marifran Kelly. Lt. and Mrs 
Hayward were recently married in i 
formal military ceremony in the sta- 
tion chapel. 

Glenn Wimbish, '57, was associate 
director of the National Science Foun 
dation's summer institute in compu 
ler science and related mathematic; 
at the University of Oklahoma las 
summer. He is an instructor and ad 
ministrative assistant to the chair 
man o^ the department of mathemat 
ics at Oklahoma this year. He is com 
pleting work on his dissertation. Mrs 
Wimbish is the former Evelyn God 
bold, '56-'58. 

The Air Force Commendation Meda 
has been awarded to Captain Russel 
H. Stovall, '58, for "meritorious serv 
ice as Chief, Aeromedical Service., 
The citation stated, "Captain Stovall';! 
outstanding professional skill, knowl 
edge, and leadership were prime in 
struments in achieving total missio; 
support of the flying program durin,' 
periods of manpower shortages an( 
the establishment of the 834th Air Di 
vision at England Air Force Base 
Louisiana." He is now engaged in , 
four-year residency in eye, nose, am 
throat at Henry Grady Hospital i 
Atlanta. Mrs. Stovall, the forme 
Mary Charles Price, '59, is employe 
by Shell Oil Company. 

Dr. Fred A. Murphree, '58, has oper 
ed an office for the practice of denti; 
try in Okolona, Mississippi. He rf 
ceived the Doctor of Dental Surger; 
degree from the University of Ter 
nessee in March. 

The Methodist Church of Clearw£ 
ter, Florida, seems to be destined t 
be served by men who are graduate 
of both Millsaps and Emory and f 
thers of twins. The Reverend Warre 
Hasson, '58, succeeded the Reveren 
Robert Earl Gorday, '52, when Mi 
Gnrday was transferred to the Metb 
odist Church in Crystal River, Flor| 
da. Mr. Wasson graduated from Emcj 
ry in 1958 and has three-year-ol 
twins. Mr. Gorday graduated fror! 
Emory in 1956 and also has twins. 

Clyde V. Williams, '59, has been ap 
pointed promotion manager of th 
Louisiana State University Press. H 
has served as an instructor of Enf 
lish at LSU for the past four year! 
and will receive the Ph.D. degree i 
English literature and Russian his 
tory from LSU in January. 



22 



The Mississippi State Board of 
lealth has appointed Dr. John 
Hampton Miller, '59, director of the 
lealth departments in Grenada, Tal- 
ahatchie, and Yalobusha counties. 
3r. and Mrs. Miller (Clarice Townes) 
«id their son John, 20 months, are 
■esiding in Grenada. 

1960-1964 

A research botanist assigned to the 
ropical terrain research detachment 
)f the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers 
(Vaterways Experiment Station, Wil- 
iam N. Rushing, '60, is doing re- 
search on environmental conditions 
3s they affect military operations in 
Puerto Rico. Mr. Rushing supervises 
a staff of ten in the study. 

Ray Ridgway, '61, has accepted a 
position as teacher and coach at Mont- 
gomery Bell Academy in Nashville. 
He and Mrs. Ridgway (Selma Earnest, 
'60) are living in Franklin, Tennes- 
see. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bill Baker (Nancy 
Dimshee, '61) are living in Tullahoma, 
Tennessee, where Mr. Baker is an 
aerospace engineer with ARO, Inc. 
r.atest addition to the family is Stev- 
en Goodman, born August 28, 1964, 
and named for his godmother, Mrs. 
W F. Goodman (Marguerite Watkins, 
'17-'18), associate professor of Eng- 
lish at Millsaps. 

A one-year internship at North Car- 
olina Memorial Hospital at Chapel 
Hill was begun in July by Dr. Peter 
Dorsett, '61. The 420-bed institution is 
the teaching hospital for the Universi- 
ty of North Carolina School of Medi- 
cine. Dr. Dorsett was a '65 graduate 
of the University of Mississippi Medi- 
cal School. 

A Ph.D. degree in psychology has 
been awarded to Cecil A. Rogers, 
Jr., '61, who has accepted a post at 
the University of Arizona. He will 
continue his research in the areas of 
human factors and acquisition and re- 
tention of verbal and muscular re- 
sponses, with emphasis on culturally 
established habits. Mrs. Rogers is the 
former Floyce Ann Addkison, '60. 
The couple has a four-year-old daugh- 
ter. Celeste. 

Bonnie Burford, '63, graduated with 
a Master's degree in library science 
from Louisiana State University in 
August. She is now on the faculty of 
the University of Alabama as a li- 
brarian in the science library. 



Having recently received his dis- 
charge from the Navy, Dr. Don New- 
comb has opened an office for the 
practice of dentistry in Yazoo City, 
Mississippi. Mrs. Newcomb is the for- 
mer Emily Lemasson, '62. 

Scheduled to serve as assistant di- 
rector of the first fall production of 
The Institute for Advanced Studies in 
the Theatre Arts is Eugene Coullet, 
'62, who is doing graduate work in 
theatre at the University of Denver. 
The Institute imports guest directors 
from around the world to stage 
American versions of their countries' 
greatest plays. The Institute se- 
lects an outstanding potential director 
to assist the visiting professional. 

Dr. James Burke Martin, '58-'60, re- 
cently opened a medical office in Mc- 
Comb, Mississippi. He completed his 
internship at John Peter Smith Hos- 
pital in Fort Worth, Texas. Mrs. Mar- 
tin is the former Nancy Beth Loper, 
'63. 

Millsaps' leading light in the golf 
world, Mary Mills, '62, ranked seventh 
in tne nation among women golfers at 
the end of September. She won two 
tournaments this summer and has 
totaled approximately $12,000 in win- 
nings for the year. 

WUlard S. (Billy) Moore, '62, a 
graduate student at Lamont Geo- 
graphical Observatory of Columbia 
Lniversity, spent two months this 
summer cruising the Mediterranean, 
North Atlantic, and Iceland waters 
on Columbia's research vessel. The 
Robert D. Conrad. His special geo- 
chemical research project involves 
the examination of factors controlling 
solution at various ocean depths: test- 
ing sediments through the use of ra- 
dium isotopes and tracing the move- 
ment of these sediments from one 
layer to another in an effort to de- 
termine, among other things, why 
the radium time scale for ocean mix- 
ing is longer than the carbon-14 scale. 
Hf will continue his studies and re- 
search leading to the Ph.D. at Co- 
lumbia under a working fellowship 
grant. 

Having received the D.D.S. degree 
from the University of Tennessee this 
fall, David BeUew, '59-'61, is sched- 
uled to enter the service at Fort Bliss 
in El Paso, Texas, early in Novem- 
ber. He will serve a two-year term. 
I\Irs. B e 1 1 e w is the former Judy 
Slade, '59-'61. The Bellows have two 
sons, Dave, 3, and Mike, six months. 



(Continued from Page 20) 

Sara Beth Mclnnis, '63, to David Le- 
roy Allen. Living in Memphis, Ten- 
nessee. 

Patricia Ellen Mcintosh, '65, to 
James Larry Ludke, '64. Living at 
State College, Mississippi. 

Frieda Amanda Majors, '64, to 
Richard Allen Crow. Living in Natch- 
ez, Mississippi. 

Henrietta Rehfeldt Minor, '63-'65, to 
William Truett Burnham, Jr. Living in 
Starkville, Mississippi. 

Eleanor Sue Sanders, '58-'60, to 
Gibson Roland Sims, '61-'62, '63-'64. 
Living in Jackson. 

Carolyn Patricia Stames, '59-'62, to 
Roy Thomas O'Shields. Living in 
Jackson. 

Barbara Tate, '64, to Robert James 
Jepsen, Jr. Living in Tunica, Missis- 
sippi. 

Maria Vallas, '61, to John Carnes 
Stephens, Jr. Living in Newport News, 
Virginia. 

Bettie J. Williams, '62, to Richard 
C. Austin. Living in Uniontown, 
Ohio. 

Elaine Witcher to John T. Rush, 
'60. Living in Sherman Oaks, Cali- 
fornia, where Mr. Rush is associate 
minister of the Methodist Church. 

Lynda Jean Yarborough, '64, to Lt. 
Richard Wallace Giard. Living in 
Hampton, Virginia. 

Beverly Sue Young " to Howard 
Charles Langford, Jr., '58-'59. Living 
in Jackson. 



Recruitment Form 

Please list below the names and 
addresses of students who are good 
prospects for Millsaps College. 

Name . 



Name 



Name 



Signed 



Mail to Director of Admissions 
MiUsaps College 
Jackson, Mississippi 39210 



23 



Millsaps College 
Jackson, Miss. 
39210 







r6 



The Alumnus in: 

Recruiting: Bobby 

Maddox, '56, helps 

to spread the word 

about Millsaps College