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Cc<yv^';3/5'. ^ 



l^arbarli College J^iftrarg 

FROM THE 

BRIOHT LEGACY. 

Descendants of Henry Bri^lit, jr., who died at Water, 
town, Mass., in i6S6,are entitled to hold scholarships in 
Harvard College, established in iSSo under the will of 

JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT 
of Waltham, Mass., with one half the income of this 
Legracy. Such descendants failing, other persons are 
eligible to the scholarships. The will requires that 
this announcement shall be made in every book added 
to the Library under its provisions. 

Received J^crU- ) 'b , / ?^ ^ O - 



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MANUAL 

or 

INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL INTERCOURSE 

BBTWSBII 

THE UNITED STATES 

AND 

SPANISH AMEEICA 

aiYlNe THE LATEST AMD MOST CORRECT 
INFORMATION REOARDINO THE 

RESOURCES, COMMERCE, INDUSTRIES, LAWS AND REOULATION8 

CONCERNING MERCANTILE AFFAIRS, MINES, AGRICULTURE, 

LAND TITLES AND COLONIZATION, RAILWAY AND 

STEAMER TRAFFIC, TARIFFS AND CUSTOMS 

CLEARANCES, POSTAL REGULATIONS, 

CURRENCY AND EXCHANGE 

ETC., ETC., ETC. 

OF 

MEXICO, CENTRAL ABfERICA, WEST INDIES, COLOMBIA, YBNEZUBLA 

GUIANA, ECUADOR, PERU, BRAZIL, BOLIVIA, CHILI, PARAGUAY, 

URUGUAY AND ARGENTINE CONFEDERATION, 

WITH SOME DESCRIPTION OF UNITED STATES COMMODITIES AND 
If AMVPACTURE8 SUITABLE FOR USE AND CONSUMPTION IN THESE LOCAUTISt 

AND 

ABSTRACTS OF THE LAWS 

OF turn SPANISH-AMERICAN C0UNTEIB8 

FOR THE FISCAL YEARS 1890-91 

Edited by THOMAS SAVAGE 

FOB TWENTY YEARS IN THE UNITED STATES CONSULAR SBBYICI 
IN RPANI8H*AMERICAN COUNTRIES 

^ SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: 
THE BANCROFT COMPANY 

1890 



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^co^^ 73/5". -JL 



NOV 13 ic_ ,: 

J 



Xutered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1880» by 

THE BANCROFT COMPANY 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



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PREFACE. 



THE Spanish Amebic AN Manual is a Hand-Book of Indus- 
trial and Commercial Intercoorse between the United States 
and Spanish America, with Abstracts of the Laws, the Civil, 
Criminals and Commercial Codes of Mexico, and the Eeveral Gov- 
ernments of Central and South America; giving the latest and most 
correct information regarding the Resources, Commerce, Indus- 
tries, Laws and Begulations regarding Mercantile Affairs, Mines, 
Agriculture, Land Titles and Colonization, Railway and Steamer 
traffic, Tariffs and Customs clearances. Postal Regulations, Cur- 
rency and Exchange, etc., of Mexico, Central America, West 
Indies, Colombia, Venezuela, Guiana, Ecuador, Perd, Brazil, 
Bolivia, Chili, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentine Confederation, 
with some description of U. S. Commodities and Manufactures 
suitable for use and consumption in these countries. 

Here are two vast regions lying side hy side, one being the 
richest in practically undeveloped resources in the civilized world, 
while the other is well advanced in all the useful arts and manufac- 
tures. It would seem that between the respective inhabitants 
there should be the freest, fullest, and most profitable intercourse, 
profitable to both, intellectually as well as pecuniarily. But how 
is it ? These nations are almost unknown to each other, both be- 
ing better acquainted with Europa, and doing more business with 
people on the other side of the Atlantic than with each other. 

It is one of the objects of this work to bring into nearer rela- 
tionship the business and professional men of these two great sec- 
tions, each equal to a continent in area and importance. This 
book ^ves the Industrial Resources, shows the present state and 
possibilities of Manufacturing, explains Business Methods, presents 
the several Governments with Abstracts of their Laws, together 
with a vast fimd of absolutely new and original Miscellaneous In- 
formation regarding Spani^ America, which will prove of thQ 
highest advantage to merchants^ manufacturers, and profession^ 
men. 

It is essentially a Buyers and Sellers' Guide; the lawyers' 
book of reference ; £he tourists companion, and a Hand-book in- 
dispensable to all business and professional men having relations 
with these countries, not only as between the United States and 
Spanish America, but as between the several Spanish American 
states themselves. 

It fills an actual want, and is destined to exercise a powerful 
and permanent influence. 

Connected with, and as a part of this publication, is a Bureau 
of Correspondence, through which information of any kind ma^ be 
obtained, translations made, and the interests of patrons specially 
promoted. 



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SPANISH AMERICAN MANUAL 



Bureau op Information 



To carry out the object of this work in the f allest possible 
manner a *' Bltrbau of Information " — with an office and resident 
agent in each of the cities and countries named below — is main- 
tained by the publishers, through which patrons of the ** Manual *' 
may at any time and without cost to themselves obtain such special 
information as they may require or find useful. These agents will 
make it a point to call upon patrons of the " Manual,'' from time 
to time, in order to see if there is any service they can render 
them, and at the same time to talk over business matters and 
gather information that may be of interest to other patrons 
throughout the Spanish- speaking countries or the United States. 
We bespeak for these agents, who are in every case reputable 
gentlemen, that courteous treatment for which gentlemen of the 
Spanish- American Republics are so eminently distinguished. 

AGENCIES 



ARGENTINE BEPUBI.IO 


^OJjlYlA'-Continued 


Buenos Ayres 


Tarija 


Cordova 


Cobija 


Rosario 


La Paz 


La Plata 


Santa Cruz 


Mendoza 


Trinidad 


Parana 


Cochibamba 


Tucuman . 




Catamarca 


BBAZII. 


Corientes 


Rio de Janeiro 


Santa Fe 


Bahia (San Salvador) 




Recife (Pernambuco) 


BOI.IVIA 


Belem 


Sucre 


San Paulo 


Potosi 


Porto Alegre 


Oruro 


Maranhao (S. Luiz) 



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AGENCIES 



BRAZIL— Continued 
Our'o Preto 
Anjirados Reis 
Alagaos 
Aracaja 
Aracaty 
Bara de S. Joas 
Cabo Frio 
Campos 
Ceara 
Desterro 
Maceio 
Macah6 
MancioB 
Mangaratiba 
Maranham 
Natal 
Paraiba 
Parangua 
Rio Grand du Sol 
Rio Grand du Norte 
Santa Catlierine 
Santos 
Sorocaba 
Umguayana 
Victoria 

GUATEMAIiA 

Guatemala 

San Jo e de Guatemala 

SALVADOR 

San Salvador 
Acajutta 
La Concordia 
La Libertad 
La Union 

NICARAGUA 

Managua 
Granada 
Grey town, or San Juan del 

Norte 
Leon 
Realejo 

HONDURAS 

Tegucigalpa 

Amapala 

Comayagua 



HON DUR AS— Cbntmtted 
Omoa 

Puerto-Cortes 
San Pedro 
Trujillo 

COSTA RICA 

San Jose -- 

Alajuela 

Cartage 

Grecio 

Heredia 

Limon 

Punta Arenas 

CHILI 

Punta Arenas 

Anend 

Puerto Moutt 

Valdivia 

Angol 

Lebu 

Angeles 

Concepdon 

Chilian 

Linaras 

Talca 

Curico 

San Fernando 

Rancagua 

Santiago 

Valparaiso 

San Felipe 

Serena 

Copiapo 

Antofagasta 

Iquique 

Tacna 

Arica 

Caldera 

Coquimbo' 

Chanaval 

Constitucion 

Talcahuana 

COIiOMBIA 

Panama 
Santa Marta 
Cartagena 
Socorro 



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AGENCIES 



COJLOMBIA- ConHnued 
Medellin 
Tunja 
Bc^ota 
Ibaque 
Popayan 
Barranquilla 
Colon, oi Aspinwali 
SavaneHa 
Buenaventura 
Honda 

fiCVADOB 

Quito 

Guayaquil 

Cuenca 

Riofoamba 

Loja 

Santa Elena 

BATTI 

Port au Prince 
Anse de Hainaolt 
Aux Cayes 
Cape Haytien 
Grenaives 
Jacmel 
Jeremie 
Miragoane 
Petit Qoave 
Port de Paix 
St. Marc 

MEXICO 

Acapulco, Guerrero 
Aqua Calientefl, A. 0. 
Campeche, Cam. 
Celaya, Guanajuato 
Chihuahua, Chi. 
Colima, Col. 
Cordoba, Veracruz 
Culiacan, Sinaloa 
Durango, Dur. 
Frontera, Tobasco 
Guadalajara, Jalisco 
Guanajuato, Guan. 
Guaymas, Sonora 
HermosiUo, Sonora 
Irapuato, Guan. 
lela de Carmen, Camascha 



MEXICO— OmWnu^d 
Jalapa, Veracruz 
La Paz. Lower California 
Leon, Guan. 
Matamoras, Tamaulipas 
Merida, Yucatan 
Mexico City, h\ D. 
Monterey, Nuevo Leon 
Morelia, Michoacan 
Oaxaca, Oax. 
Orizaba, Veracruz 
Pachuca, Hidalgo 
Paso del Norte, Chi. 
Ptogresso, Yucatan 
Puebla, Puebla 
Queretaro, Quer. 
Saltillo, Coahuila 
San Juan BauUste 
Salamanca, Goa. 
San Cristobal 
San Bias, Jalisco 
San Luis Potosi 
Tampico, Tamauli^ 
Toluca 

Tuzpam, Veracruz 
Ures 
, Veracruz, Veracruz 
Zacatecas, Zac. 

PARAGUAY 

Asuncion 

Villa Rica 

Villa Concepcion 

Villa San Pedro 

Luque 

San Estanialao 

PERU 

Lima 

Callao 

Arequipa 

Cuzco 

Chiclayo 

Islay 

Molendo 

Paita 

SAN DOMINGO 

San Domingo 

Santa Barbara de Samana 

Sanchez 



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AGENCIES 



URUGUAY 

Montevideo 

Coloma del Sacramento 

Fray Bentos 

Maldonado 

Salto 

San Jose 

VENEZUBIiA 

Caracas 

Valencia 

Maracaybo 

Barquesimeto 

Tocuyo 

Maturin 

La Guayra 

Carupana 

Cumana 

La Victoria 

Villa de Cura 

Barcelona 

Cuidad Bolivar 

Merida 

San Carlos 

Puerta Cabello 

ISLAND OF CUBA 

Gardenas 

Havana 

Mantanzas (S. Carlos de) 

Santiago de Cuba 

Trinidad 

Nuevitas 

Port of Spain 

San Fernandez 

PORTO RICO 

Mayaguez Bay 

Ponce 

San Juan 

THB BBRMI7PAS 

Hamilton 
Bahamas 
Nassau 

BRITISH HONl>ITRAS 

Belize 

IiBBWABD CONFEDERACY 

Antigua 
Barbuda 



IiEEWARD CONFED.— OonW. 

St. Kitts (Bassetoore) 
Nevis and A'quil 
Montserrat 
Dominica 
Virgin Islands 
Barbadoes (Bridgetown) 

WINDWARD CONFEDERACY 

Grenada 
St. Vincent 
St. Lucia 
Tobago 
Trinidad 

FRENCH POSSESSIONS 

Guadeloupe and Depen- 
dencies 
Martinique 
French Guiana (S. Am.) 

DUTCH POSSESSIONS 

Cura5oa 

Aruba 

St. Martin 

Bonaire 

St. Eustache 

Suba 

Surinam, or Dutch Guiana 

DANISH POSSESSIONS 

Santa Cruz 
St. Thomas 

JAMAICA 

Falmouth 
Kingston 
St. Ann 
Annotto Bay 
Montego Bay 
Port Antonio 
Port Morant 
Savana la Mar 
Old Harbour— Rio Buenod 

Lucca 
Caymen Island 

BRITISH GUIANA 

Georgetown 
New Amflterdam 



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CONTENTS. 



I. RESOURCES. 

AGRICULTUBAL BBS0UBCB8. 

PAOB 

Configurations and Climates of Spanish America 1-19 

Agricultural Products, Land and Live Stock of Mexico — 
Guatemala — Honduras — Salvador — Nicaragua — Costa 
Rica — West Indies—Colombia — ^Venezuela — Guiana- 
Ecuador — Peru — Brazil —Bolivia — Chib' —Paraguay- 
Uruguay and Argentine Confederation 19-44 

MINERAL RESOURCES. 

Localities — Descriptions — Processes and Yields of the Silver, 
Gold and other Mines of each of the several sections 
covered by the work 44-65 



II. MANUFACTURES. 

Raw Material and its Preparation — Mills — ^Factories-=-Opera- 
tions and Possibilities of the vast region under consid- 
-eration — ^Inventions — ^Labor and Wages — ^Table of the 
Leading Manufactures of the United States 66-79 



III. COMMERCE. 

Routes of Inter-communication and Travel — Steamships and 
Railways — Highways and Water Ways — ^Telegraphs — 
Ports and Regulations — ^Tariffs and Customs — Mercantile 
Affairs — Cash, Credit and Trade Systems — Markets and 
Prices Current — Banks and . Banking — Exchange — 
Notes and Drafts — ^Exports and Imports — Interest — ^In- 
surance — Weights and Measures — Shipping Articles — 
Manifeefc— Buyers' and Sellers' Guide 86-416 



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CONTENTS, 

IV. GOVERNMENT. ,^„ 

National and State Officials—Capitals— OonBtitati<m0— Na- 
tional Divisions— Incomes and Expenditures— Property, 
Income Taxes, and Stamp Duties— Government Securi- 
ties — Foreign Loans — Political Economy — Officials' 
Salaries— Foreign Representatives— Army and Navy- 
Courts of Law and Court Officials— States and Territories 
—Postal Service— Coins and Coinage— Tables of Rulers 
from the beginning to the present time 417-605 

V. LAWS. 

Abstracts of the Civil, Criminal and Commercial Codes— 
Commentary on Laws— Laws of Mining, Manufacturing, 
and Commerce — Personal Rights — Real Property- 
Mines — Contracts — ^Inheritance— Rights of Foreigners — 
Colonization — Sale and Purchase— Property— Patents- 
Dower— Donation — Interest— Frauds— Debts— Husband 
and Wife— Bankruptcy— Carriers— Liabilities— Partner- 
ship — ^Incorporation — Agreement — Assignment — ^Billsof 
Exchange— Promissory Notes— Deeds— Mortgages— Fire, 
Life, and Marine Insurance — Wills — Attachment— Mar- 
riage and Divorce— Minors — ^Executors — Crimes 507-4^1 

VI. SOCIETY. 

Population — Castes and Classes — Education — Religion — 
Benevolent Institutions — Health and Disease — Hospitals 
—Social Etiquette— Literature and Learning— Libraries 
— Woman and her Position — Morality— Amusements- 
Gambling— Horse-racing— Cock-fighting— Bull-fighting..551^597 



VII. MISCELLANEOUS 

Movements, History, and Agents of Steamship Lines— Fixed 
and Movable Feasts— Tables of Weights and Measures- 
Census— Tourists' Guide — Notable Places — ^Mountains — 
Distances — Hotels — Gazetteer— Languages— Bibliogra- 
phy—Chronology 598-416 

SUPPLEMENT eie-i^jie-x 



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I. RESOURCES. 



CX>NFIGURATIONS AND PHYSICAL FEATURES. 

The term Spanish America, as herem employed, comprises 
all that poriion of North and South America lying south of 
the United States, notwithstanding there are spots in this vast 
^rea which were never firmly held by Spain, and where the 
Spanish language is not now epoken. The term United States, 
when used mone, signifies the United States of America, or the 
An^o-North-American confederation ; when applied to any of the 
Hispano-American confederations olf the south, as the United 
States of Mexico, the United States of Venezuela, etc., it is so ex- 
pressed. 

Thus, including the two areas which it is the purpose of this 
work to bring into nearer commercial and industrial relationship, 
we have all of one continent and a large part of the other, yet 
united by a vertebra of mountains, and washed on either side by 
the same oceans. Indeed, this continental backbone exten<u 
throughout the entire length of the two Americas, from Alaska to 
Patagonia, though bearing difierent names for different sections, 
as the Kockv Mountains of the United States, the Sierra Madre of 
Mexico, ana the Cordillera or Andean range of South America. 

Compared with the recorded experiences of the Old World, the 
New World is still new; in particular, Spanish America, which, 
during the three centuries of colonial existence was kept like an 
infant in its cradle, hidden away, and guarded by its jealous 
mother, not from afiection, but for purposes of money and domina- 
tion. It is only from the early part of the present century, after 
having declared their independence from European rule, that the 
republics of America can date a national existence ; since which 
time they have had not only to achieve political and social liberty, 
but to start themselves out in a career of material progress and 
prosperity, the brilliance of whosa future no one can conceive. 

In order that these countries, separated as hitherto they have 
been from each other bjr the barriers of race, language, and the 
absence of proper faciiitias for intercommunication, may more 
thjOroughly understand each other and be able intelligently to 

Erpfit by the information given, the several sections of the work will 
e taken up and treated in their natural order, one line of de- 
tails followmg another in proper sequence. Thus, after a view of 
the physical ^tiures, the climates and soils, we come to produc- 
tion and its possibilities, to agriculture and mines, these leading on 
to manufactures, commerce, and the rest. 
Manual. 1 



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2 SPANISH-AMERICAN MANUAL. 

The total estimated area of the countries embraced in this 
work, according to the best anthoritiefl, amounts to 11,925,017 
square miles, as appears in the following table. 

NOBTH AMEBIOA. 

So. mttet. 

United States tinclading 577,390 of Alaska) ^ ..^..3,684,797 

Mexico „ 742,14S 

CBNTBAL AMEBICAK BBPUBLIC8. 

Qoatemala 46,800 

Salvador ». 7,225 

Honduras 46,400 

Nicaragua - 49,500 , 

OostaRica 26,040 175|06» 

SOUTH AMEBICA. 

Colombia 604;979< 

Venezuela ^ ^ ..« ^ ^ ^ ^^» 

Ecuador 243,8^ 

Brazil 3,275,821 

Peru ^ '480,M9 

Ohili 2W,« 

Bolivilk 600^ 

Argentine Republic « 1,204,48^ 

Uruguay 72itlf 

Paraguay 91.990 

ISLAND Ol^ ST. DOMINGO. 

Dominican Republic ...........^ .^ 19,626 

Hayti 10,204 29,880 

Total area of independent nations ll,093,80f 

SPANISH F088BS8I0N8. 

Island of Cuba.. « 48,220 

Island of Porto Rico «.. 3,550 46,770 

BBITISH P088B8SI0N8. 

Bermudas Islands........ » „... 24 

Bahamas 8,021 

Belize, or British Honduras 13,500 

Jamaica and dependencies » 6,900 

Leeward Islands „ 738 

Mnidad ««.....^ « 1,755 

Barbadoes ...... »..-M. 166 

Windward Islands « 610 

British Guiana (South America) 76,000 102,714 

FBENCH POSSBSSIONS. 

Guadeloupe and dependencies 625 

Martinique 881 

Vrench Guiana (South America; 40,140 41,f4» 

DUTCH POSSESSIONS. 

Oura^oa » 210 

Aruba 69 

St. Martin 17 

Bonaire „. 96 

St Eustache 7 

Saba....» « ., 6 

Surinam or Dutch Guiana 40 060 40^468 

DANISH POSSESSIONS. 

Santa Cruz 84 

8t Thomas 88 IIT 

Total — . 11,925,017 



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RESOUBGS8. dk 

Mexico i» a plateau in fonxi ilke a cornucopia, whoee narvovr 
^diapers to tne southeast, with the convex eiae racing the PH^^, 
aod the concave the Atlantic, the general inclination being ti^rard 
tbenorth. The cordillerlts are mostly escarpments of this platea^, 
which descends abruptly toward the Atlantic, and by well-marked 
terraces toward the Pacific. The southern central table-liuoid ol 
Andhuac keeps up its mean altitude of 7,000 to 8,000 feet almost 
e^ferjrwhere to thirty or forty miles of the Atlantic. 

The most continuous range is the Sierra ^ladre of the Pacific 
(10,000 feet), and parallel to it is the Giganta, or Lower Cali- 
fornia range (3,000 feet), which, however, fwls abruptly eastward. 

The Cordillera of Andhuac, surrounding the valleys of Mexico 
and Puebla, is the most important of the central cross ridges. It 
is supposed to culminate with Popocatepetl (17,853 ft.) and 
Ixtaccmuatl (15,705 ft.). But these two volcanoes really belong 
to a more recent S3rBtem running from sea to sea in an almost 
strai^t Ime from east to west, and nearly at right angles to the 
main axis of the central table-land. East of Popocatepetl are 
Citlaltepetl, or Peak of Orizaba (17,176 ft.), and San Martin or Tux- 
tla (9,708 ft.) on the coast south of Vera Cruz, to which correspond 
on ttte we^ Jorullo (4^000 ft.) in Michoacan, Colima (1^,800 
|t.}, near the coast in Jalisco, and the Bevillagigedo volcanic ip^oup 
in the Pacific south of this line. Nearly parallel are the sierras 
of Querrero, and south of the isthmus of Tehuantepec those of 
Oajaca and Soconusco. 

ihroceeding south we find in Central America the chain more 
compact and running at a short distance from the Pacific coast 
line. On the slopes and summits are fine table-lands, some exten- 
sive, and all of them temperate and fertile. In fact, there is no 
portion of the earth presenting a greater diversity of level on an 
equal extent of surface than Central America. Most of the high^ 
peaks are volcanoes, and some thirty or more vents are active. 
Earthquakes, recorded from the earliest historic times, have been 
frequent and disastrous. In crossing from one continent to the 
other the range drops in places to an altitude of not more than 300 
feet, constituting the isthmus of Panamd. 

■ In Colombia, ttie northernmost country of South America, we find 
apirface more equally diversified than any other in South America ; 
^at is to say, more equally divided into mountains, valleys, and 
|iains. Near the borders' of Ecuador the Andes break into two 
tranches nearly paraUel ; between them is the great Magdalena 
valley. The most easterly of the two branches is the cordillera of 
Oanoimarca. Between the central and coast ranges is the C^uca 
valley, and west of the latter is the Choc6 mineral region. The 
eastern cordillera is also known as the Suma Paz ; the central is the 
Quindiu, and the western the Choc6. This last named has but 
few passes, and they are difiicult ones. The eastern branch is 
formed of table-lands lying from 8,000 to 14,000 feet above the sea 
level. In the eastern range, in about 5° n., perpetual snow la 
reached; the highest peak of it is the Tolima, rising 18,020 
feefci aod the loftiest summit of the Andes north of title 
Equator. 



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4 BPANISH-AMERICAN MANUAL. 

The istbmus of Panama has extensive valleys and plains of very 
distinct character. Ihe llanos or plains extending to tho Orinoco' 
are either swamps or smibumt deserts. The west coast, and a great 
IMirt of ttte Isthmus, being covered with dense impenetrable forests 
are not as yet well known. There is every possible evidence fliat 
Atrato valley was at one time a large estuary of the sea, whose 
waves broke at the very foot of the Cordilleras. 

Nearly 110,000 square miles of Venezuela are covered by moun- ' 
tains formed in two separate systems. The first is a ramification 
of tho Colombian Andes, which bifurcate at the Knot of Pamplona, 
one branch running first n. and then ne., and ending at Cape 
Chichibacoa, in the NE. extremity of the Goajira peninsula. It 
is called Sierra de OcaSa from Pamplona to the Venezuelan fron- 
tier, and thence to Goajira, Sierra de Peripa : this range nowhere 
rises hi^er than 5,000 feet ; in the peninsula it is known as the 
Oca mountains. The other chief branch, comprising the alpine 
region proper, sinks on the right bank of the Cojedes river south ■ 
of Porquisimeto, to abruptly rise again on the opposite bank of the 
river toward Puerto Cabello ; whence under the name of Venezuela 
coast chain it extends to the promontory of Paria, with a mean 
altitude of about 4,800 feet ; the two highest ijeaks, Silla de Caracas 
and Picacho de Naiguat^, attaining respectively the elevation of 
8,547 feet and 9,100 feet. The M^rida mountains, with a mean ele- 
vation of 0,000 feet, comprise 31 summits which exceed 10,000 feet, 
the loftiest being the two peaks of the Sierra Nevada, 15,066 and 
15.000 feet, respectively. 

Ihe second system is that of the Parima mountains, extending 
over tho southern division of the Orinoco basin. To this system 
belong several summits, viz : Sierra de Pacaraima, Parima (highest 
summit, (7,008 ft.), Maraguaca (8,151 ft.), Maigualida, Chuchivero, 
Guachimacari, Cuneva, Guayapri, SipajK), Cerbatana, Rinocote, 
Carapo, Imataca, and Upata. The Duida is an isolated peak (8.8^ 
ft.) between the Parima and the upper Orinoco. 

Earthquakes have often visited the country, causing terrible' 
havoc. Tho destruction of Cardcas, acity then of 50,OJ0inhab-" 
itants, on the 26th of March, 1812, was one of the most disastrous 
events recorded in history. 

About one-fourth of Ecuador is of tide-water level, and the' 
other three-fourths of various heights, embracing hills, mountains* 
and mountain valleys, the Chimborazo being upwards of 21,400 
feet high. There are twenty summits of more than 10,000 feet in 
height. To the east are endless forests and plains intersected by 
rivers, lagoons, and marshes, and interrupted by mountain ranges' 
which stretch from the Andes obliquely to the Amazon. To the 
west are extensive forests; the mountains are less lofty, the' 
rivers of lesser magnitude. The center swells into two Cordilleras 
separated by a valley 3J0 miles long, with snow-clad peaks which 
rank among the loftiest of the world. The Andes enter Ecuador 
at Lbja,, where they form themselves into two chains parallel to 
each other and to the coast, traverse the state nn.k. until the 
chains unite at Pasto, near the northern boundary. Transverse 
ridges link the two chains together at two places, thus dividing the 



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RESOURCES. 



iarge valley into three, which are respectivdy called, commencing 
.at the south, Cuenca, Alaus£ and Ambato, and Quito. One <» 
.these ridged, the Alto de Chisinche is situated about lat. 0** 4y s., 
with an elevation of only a few hundred feet above the surround- 
ing plain, and forms the Ecuadorian watershed between the At- 
lantic and Pacific. The elevation of the valleys varies from 
8,503 to 14,500, that of Quito having a mean height of 9,540 feet. 
The mountains on the border of the southern valley do not attain 
.the altitude of perpetual snow. Ihe chief summits are in the Cor- 
dillera Oriental, though the Chimborazo is in the Occidental. The 
noted peaks in the western cordillera are: Iliniza (17,?»S0 feet), 
jPichincha (15,924 feet), Carihuairazo (15,925 feet), Chiles (15;9(>0 
feet), andCumbal (about 1,500 feet above the snowline — a httle 
.above 14,000 feet). The chief summits of the eastern cordillera 
are the Cayambi (19,813 feet), which is the only volcano immedi- 
ately under the equator, Sara Urcuor Supai IJrcu (17,270 feet), 
thirty-five miles east of Quito and forming part of the Guamani 
ridge, Antisana, thirty-five miles southeast of Quito, (about 19^200 
feet), Cotopaxi (about 19,500 feet), lianganate (18,040 feet), Tun- 
guaragua (10,425 feet), Alfar (17,120 feet), and Sangay (10,138 feet). 
.Many of these are volcanoes, a few of them extinct and others 
.active. Spurs, detached from the western chain, intersect the 
region lying between the Andes and the Pacific, gradually sinking 
into low hills as they approach the coast, excepting the part close 
to tiie Eio de Guayaquil, which is an extensive and very low chain. 
Swamps are common in this portion of the country. The level 
sections of the lower country are doubtless a water formation. 
Ecuador, on both sides of the Andes, abounds in rivers and smaller 
streams. 

Tlie surface of Brazil is divided into the higher regions or pla- 
teaus, ridges and broad open valleys occupjdng the whole country 
south of the parallel of Cape San Boque, andthe vast lowland plain 
of the Amazon extending inland to the base of the Andes of Peril, 
Ecuador, and Colombia, and rising again in the extreme north to 
the ranges forming the boundary with Venezuela and Guiana. 

The highest and most important mountains of Brazil are the 
Serras do Mantiqueira and do Espinha5o. There is also a range of 
high plateaus, named collectively Serra das Vertentes, or range of 
, the watersheds. 

How level are the northern lowlands may be understood by 
the fact that the banks of the river Amazon, where it enters Brazil 
at Tabatinga, more than 1,500 miles in a direct line from the sea, 
are not over 250 feet above the ocean. 

Coral reefs occur at irregular intervals along the northern 
Brazilian coast from the Abrolhos islets. 

No volcanoes have been discovered in Brazil. There are warm 
. springs in several provinces ; also alkaline springs. The numerous 
hot wells with somewhat sulphurous water, near Caldas in Minas 
Geraes, are at an elevation of about GOO feet above the level of the 
ocean. Bemarkable among the physical peculiarities of the Ar- 
..gentine Kepublic are her pampas or plains, which extend almost 
. over two-thirds of her territory. There are hills in the south of the 



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H) . 8PANIBH*AMBRICAN MANUAL. 

pi*ovlnce<^ Buenos Aires, and in Cdrdoba; bat the chid 
tain ^districts consist of the eastern slope of the Andes and ifii 
branches, these latter making a moontainons region of the noMi- 
western part of the country. 

There are no active volcanoes, but signs exist of some exttfiOt 
ones. Peaks of the Despoblado chain, in Salta, reach an elevation of 
17,000 feet; the culminating point of the Aconquija is 17,000 feet 
at the highest summit. The C6rdoba chain, divided in two, pres- 
ents no lofty i)eaks. The Yerbales in the ne. of Corrientes are 
worth mentioning. The southern i)ortion of Entre Kios is bisetited 
by high hills. Excepting the above, and the Yolcan, Ventana, and 
Gruamini ranges, se. of Buenos Aires, the country is one unbroken 
plain from the foot of the Andes to the Atlantic, and to the Uru- 
guay river, and from the Eoliviaii boundary to Patagonia. This 
great ^lain forms two regions, one from Eio Negro to Eio Salado, 
comprising the pampas; the other, north of the Salado and west of 
the Paraguay, embracing the desert of the Gran Chaco, and ex- 
tending uninterrupted far north of the Bolivian boundary. 

The interior of tne republic of Uruguay is traversed by wooded 
hills. The chief features of the country are the extensive undiiliit- 
ing, grassy plains. The principal mountain range is the Cuchiila 
Grande; others are the Carapy, Castillos, and Yerbal, and the 
Cerro Pelade, which nowhere exceeds 2,500 feet in height. 

The seaboard is low and sandy ; the coast in the Plata never 
is hi^ and rocky ; the banks of ttie Uruguay river are commonly 
low, with here and there moderately high plateaus. 

The country lying between the rivers Paraguay and Parand is 
the republic of Paraguay, which is traversed from north to south 
by highlands known as cordilleras, the Amambaya, Urucury, etc., 
but which in reality are table-lands, and a continuation of the 
Brazilian interior plateau ; the elevation is not anywhere more 
than 2,200 feet. There are several plateaus, besides the central 
ones, such as those in the west. The plateau on the edge of which 
stands Asuncion, has a relative height of 200 feet, and skirts the 
Paraguay for about 25 miles ; to the north of this is the Altos with 
a relative altitude of 600 feet. From the Asuncion plateau south- 
ward, near the confluence of the I'araguay and Parand, is a 
vast stretch of marshy country, draining partly into the Ipoa lagoon ; 
marshy tracts exist in other parts of the lowlands, especially in th» 
Paraguay valley. 

The western portion of Bolivia has the highest mountains of 
the American continent, together with a great number of volcanoes. 
The Cordillera, which reaches up into the region of eternal ice and 
snow, culminates in the Sorata, a peak 24,800 feet high. 

The departments of La Paz, Oruro, and PotosI, in that section of 
country, are situated in the highest part of the plateau of Bolivia. 
The central departments, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, and Tarija lie 
partly on the nigh plateau, partly on the lower slopes and plaitts 
eastward, and thus pass through all the changing climates and 
zones, from the bare nigh land to the tropical regions of the low 
lands. Beni and Santa Cruz de la Sierra are in the low lands of tiie 
east, stretching to the Rio Madeiro and the Paraguay. The 'Afytr 



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k department Is ttieonfy portion d Bolivia wfudk oomm in 
MOtacti^HlitlieBea, being situated between the Andes and the 
Bk^Sc ocean. It has many volcanoes. 

Western Bolivia has five separate svstems of mountains which 
lovrye tcom Pern in the northwest, and passing sou<ii into Chili. 

lilMrest the Pacific is the range of the coast mountains, not 
exceeding 5,000 feet in altitude. The nuige of the true Andes, far- 
ther inland, attains an average altitude in Bolivia of 15,000 feet, a 
width of 20 miles, and has the hif^est point known here, the vol- 
oaBO of Bahama with an elevation ci 23,000 feet. The central 
H^rstem is the Cordillera Beal, whose culminating peaks are the 
immani (21,3D9 ft.), and the Sorata (24,800 ft.). Between the An- 
4es and Cordillera Keal are serranias, or isolated groups of moun- 
tains, and single lesser heists, some 17,000 feet. The last 
fiystem is that of numerous minor Cordilleras, running south- 
eastward from the Cordillera Heal into the low lands S eastern 
Bolivia. The hei^t of the snow line in the high land of Bolivia 
varies between 16,000 and 18,000 feet. Volcanoes are frequent in 
the Andes and coast ranges ; the Bahama and Isluga, with tne Tua, 
Olca, and Ollagua farther south, are constantly smoking. 

The high plains or basins of the plateau enclose a continental 
water S3r^m, from which there is no outlet to the ocean, the rivers 
-emptying into lakes, of which the lake Titicaca is the principal, or 
in vast dried up salt fields. The valley or plateau occu|Hed by the 
lake Titicaca, and the Kio Desaguadero forms the most elevated 
table-land on the globe, excepting that of Ihibet ; the latter, how- 
ever, presents only mountain pastures covered witix sheep ; but the 
table-land of the ^ew World supports towns and populous cities, and 
affords food for numerous herds of cattle, llamas, guanacos, and 
sheep, and is covered with harvests of cereals at an elevation 
which has nothing to equal it in an}r part of the world. 

Peru possesses three distinct regions, namely, the Coast, the 
Sierra and the Montana. The coast region, extending from the 
base of the maritime cordillera to the Pacific ocean, is a vast, sandy 
desert, though not without some good valleys here and there along 
the banks of the rivers which traverse it at intervals. It consists of 
six sections, beginning at the north, namely, the Piura, Lam- 
bi^^ue and Trujillo, ISanta valley, country from lima to Nasca, 
Aiequipa and Tacna section, and Tarapaca. Ihe ffreat desert of 
Hura extends for about 200 miles from the gulf of Guayaquil to 
the borders of the Morrope valley. 

The maritime cordillera, overhanging the Peruvian coast, has 
a long line of volcanic mountains, most of T^hich are inactive ; but 
to them may be attributed the terrific earthquakes which have 
caused such havoc on the west coast of South America from 1570 
to 1877 ; the convulsion of May 9, 1877, overwhelmed nearly all the 
floothem ports. 

The sierra, or region of the Cordilleras of the Andes, is the 
most important portion of Peru. It is divided into two sections, 
the Puna, which is the high, uninhabited wildemess, and the 
'8ierra proper, or inhabitable mountain slopes and valleys. ' This 
.•great mountain system runs southeast to northwest widi the line 



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8 SPANISH-AMERICAN MANUAL. 

of the coast, and consists of three chains or Cordilleras which are 
known as the maritime cordillera, the central cordillera, and the 
Andes. This last name is given by Peruvian geographers, par ex- 
cellence, to the eastern cordillera. 

The Peruvian maritime cordillera has a chain of volcanic peaks, 
which overlook the coast region of Tarapacd, attaining a neight 
of 16,000 to 18,000 feet. Chief among them are the snowy 
peak of Lirima, the volcano of Isluga, the peak of Sehama, and 
Tacora near the Bolivian frontier. Back of Moquegua is a group of 
volcanic peaks around those of Ubinas and Huaynaputina. 'ihe 
region contains several other summits, namely, Alisti volcano, rising 
to 18,000 feet over the city of Arequipa, peak of Sarasara in Aya- 
cucho (15,000 feet). In lat. 10* s. the maritime chain separates in 
two branches running parallel to each other for 100 miles, inclos- 
ing the famous Callejon de Huaylas, a ravine whose eastern or 
main branch is the Cordillera Nevada, and the western Cordillera 
Negra. On the Nevada the Huascan peak rises to the height of 
22,000 feet. The Huandoy peak, above Carhuaz, is 21,088 feet 
high, the Hualcan 19,045, ana most of the peaks in this part at- 
tain an altitude of 19,000 feet. 

This sierra region' comprises four sections, each embracing 
portions of all three ranges. The first is 350 miles long by 100 
broad, and comprises the upper basins of the rivers Maranon and 
' Huallaga ; the second is 2oo miles long from the Knot of Cerro 
Pasco to Ayacucho; the third, or Cuzco section, extends 250 miles 
to the Knot of Vilcanota, with the basins of the Pampas, Apurimac, 
Vilcamayu, and Pancartambo. 

The third division of Peru, that of the Montana, is the region 
of tropical forests within the valley of the Amazon, skirting the 
eastern slopes of the Andes. It is 800 miles long from the 
Maranon to the Bolivian frontier, and subdivided naturally into 
two sections, the sub-tropical in the ravines and on the eastern 
slopes ofthe Andes, and tne dense tropical forests in the Amazonian 
plain. 

Chili is mountainous and subject to frequent earthquakes. 
About one fourth of the territory, however, is but little higher than 
the sea level ; while the Andes rises much above the line of eternal 
snow, having a mean elevation of 11,830 feet, and others, Acon- 
cagua, its highest peak is 22,427 feet high. The Andes extend in 
two parallels nearly throughout the length of Chili. Between 
these two Cordilleras is a table-land, whose greatest breadth is 
betwen 33° and 40°, narrowing both towards the northern and the 
southern extremity, where a continuous undulating plain is formed 
by the ramifications of both. There are several summits besides 
the Aconcagua, to wit: Mercedario (22,302), Cobre (18,320), Juncal 
(19,495), volcanoes of Tupungato (20,269), San Jos6 (20,000), and 
Maipiu (17,(564). In Arauco is the Vilarica volcano (15,996); in 
Talca, the truncated mountain known as theDescabezado (12,757) ; 
in Ruble, the volcano Chilian (9,446) ; and in Llanquihue, the 
volcano Osorno (7,396). In the Chilian range there are 23 vol- 
canoes, of which only a few occasionally become active. The 
highest and most frequented passes over the Andes, from Chili to 



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BBIIOUBCB8. 9 

the Argentine Bepablic, are those of Do&a Ana (14,770), Colgiien 
(14,700), Peheea kU^O), Patos (13.965), Uf^Mllata (13,125), and 
Flancbon (11,455). The part of the Andes boraering Atacama may 
be crossed at any time of the year, the range there being osnally 
free from snow. 

The island of Hayti is abont 400 miles long from e. to w., and 
its greatest width n. and s. is 163 miles. Its form is very irregular, 
being so deep|ly indented by bays and inlets that its coast lino is of 
aboat 1500 miles. The island is cut w. and e. by three chains of 
mountains which are connected by transverse ridges, and between 
them are extensive plains and savannas. 

The Sierra del Cibao, which is the chief portion of the central 
chain, extends e.s.e. from Cape San Nicolds to Gape Engano, 
and the height of its culminating point, about the centre of the 
island» is variously estimated from 7,000 to 9,000 feet. The Sierra 
de Monte Cristo, nearly parallel to the Cibao, runs from Monte 
Oristo to Escocesa bay, where it ends abruptly. The island has 
been frequently visited by disastrous earthquakes. During that of 
.1751 Port-au-Rince was destroyed and the coast for sixty miles 
was submerged. Between the two ranges lies the Vega Real, 
130 miles long, well watered, and covered with pasture. The 
southern range extends from Cape Tiburon to the Neiva river, 
which is about midway between Port-au-Prince and Santo Domingo 
city. The secondary ranges running from the main one to the 
sea divide the countnr into plains, which are also intersected by 
other ridges, some of which go to the very beach. Besides the 
Vega Eeal, there are llanos, or flats, in the southeast ; also a rich 
pasture district about 80 miles long, and the plains of Les Cayes 
at the west end. 

The coast of Cuba is niostly low and flat, and for this reason is 
subject to frequent floods. The highest portion of tho island is in 
the range which extends in the s. e. from Punta de Maysl to Cabo 
Cruz, known as the Sierra Maestra, or Cerro del Cobre, the sum- 
mits of which are Pico de Tarquino (7,670 ft.), Gran Piedra (5,200 
ft), Yunque and Ojo del Toro (3,500 ft). From this sierra a ridge 
of much less elevation follows approximately the central Imo of 
the island westward throughout its extent, and rises to form a 
miore marked range in tho extreme west of Cuba, on which the 
Pan cf Guajaibon reaches an altitude of 2,530 feet. There is an al- 
most isolated mass of which Potrerillo is the summit. It rises to 
about 3,000 feet behind Casilda, close to the centre of the southern 
coast land. 

The island of Porto Rico is almost a rectangle, with a length E. 
and W. of about 100 miles, and a breadth k. and s. of about 40 
milea The coasts are quite regular, generally speaking, but tbero 
are many bays and inlets. 

The island is intersected by ranges of mountains from E. to W., 
with an average height of 1500 feet above the sea level, the Luquillo 
peak in the ke. having a summit known as Yunque, with an 
aHitude of 3,678 feet. In tho interior are extensive plains, and 
level tracts of five to ten miles in width on the coast. 
. The United States are traversed north and south by two great 



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-80 BPANISH'AMEBICAK MAKUAL. 

wyflfcezoB of mountains, the Rocky mountains in the west, «nd tiie 
Appalachian, or Alleghany chain in the east, between which ito 
tlM estensive and fertile Mississippi valley. The two main chi^oB 
ol the Rocky mountains are the Kocky mountains proper, whidh 
extend through New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana; 
and the Sierra Nevada in California, with its extension, the Cafih 
cade range in Oregon and Washington territory. Between thesd 
two chains is a plateau. The loftiest part of the Rocky moan- 
tains is in Coloraao, many of its peaks there being upward of 14,000 
feet high. The Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountains run nearfy 
parallel to and from 100 to 150 miles from the coast. In 
the Sierra Nevada are several peaks with an altitude exceeding 
14,0(0 feet, Mount Whitney being 14,887 feet high. The Rocky 
mountain system embraces an area of nearly 1,000,000 square miles. 

The Appalachian chain extends southwest from Canada to 
Alabama, including among other ranges the Green mountains 
in Vermont, the Catskills in New York, the Blue ridge in Virginia, 
the Black mountains in North Carolina, the White mountains 
in New Hampshire, and the Adirondacks in New York. The Ap- 
palachians make their nearest approach to the sea in the highlanos 
:on the Hudson, about thirty miles from Long Island sound. In 
the south the distance is 200 miles. The Atlantic slope, between 
the Appalachians and the ocean is in general hilly, with level 
tracts near the shore, especially in the south. The great central 
district between the two great mountain systems i? a region of 
prairies and plains sloping from the east toward the Mississippi 
river. A portion in the northeast slopes toward the Great Lakes 
and the basin of the Red river of the North. 

In continuation are the chief physical features of the British, 
French, Danish and Dutch possessions, situated within the terri- 
tory embraced in this work^ 

Bermudas. This group of islands is upon a coral reef. The land 
is low, the greatest elevation, Gibbs hill, being only 18 ) feet high. 
Most of the islands are mere rocks. They are enclosed by danger- 
ous coral reefs, mostly under water, on the northwest and south, 
and the channels of approach are intricate. 

The Bahamas form a group of twenty-nine islands, 661 cays, and 
2,337 rocks. The formation of all tne islands is the same, cal- 
careous rocks of rock and shell; there is no trace of volcanic 
origin. Ihe shores are generally low ; the highest hill in the whole 
range is only 23 ) feet high . 

The surface of Jamaica is hilly or mountainous. Most of the 
level land is to the westward, the lowlands being near the sea. 
The highest elevations are in the east, the inclined slope rising 
from the west. Vestiges of volcanic action are noticeable. From 
the sea-level a series of ridges gradually ascend on all sides toward 
the central range, rising occasionally into peaks of G,00J feet. The 
Blue mountains run centrally from east to west, and at some points 
are 7,000 feet high. 

Trinidad island is crossed by three ranges of hills, the 
northern one attaining 3,00 J feet. There are level and undulating 
tiniots in the valleys, but in some parts the surface is bmken. 



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RB80OBCBS. 11 

t of the island Beems to have been formed by mnd deposited 
4i^tbe Orinoco river. 

Toba^ is a mass of rocks abruptly rising on the northeast eida 
«adhwBcending toward the soathwest ; the most elevated point is 
votte 900 feet above the^searlevel. 

'<Sfenada has ridges of hills, and an irregular though continuous 
tauge of mountains, traversing it from north to south, and rising in 
some parts to 3,000 feet above the sea. Smaller ridges branch off 
and form fine and picturesc[ue valleys. There are numerous rivers 
and in the center of the island, 1,74J feet above the s^a, is tiie 
circular lake, Grand Etang, two miles in circumference and four* 
teen feet de^. Lake Antoine is also remarkable. 

Barbados island is noted for its fine scenery, hill and vallej^, 
smooth table-land and rugged rocks. The highest elevation, HIU- 
aby, is 1,104 feet above the sea-level. Numerous gullies and 
ravines have been formed by volcanic action. 

The surface of St. Lucia is mountainous, with a small plain near 
the south end and marshes on the coast. Two conical mountains 
rise from the sea on the west side, an extinct volcano, 1«000 feet 
high. In the northwest of the island there is an inexhaustible 
supply of sulphur. 

Dominica island has a chain of mountains, forming its longer 
axis, attaining in some parts an altitude of more than 5,000 feet. 
The sur^ce is therefore exceedingly irregular. The highest summit 
is 6,300 feet. The results and symptoms of volcanic action are 
everywhere visible in the form of emission of subterranean vapors 
and hot-springs. In the southern part is a boiling lake, which lit 
times throws up its water three feet or more above the surface. 
There are numerous streams of water. 

St. Christopher or St. ICitts has mountains which extend across 
the central part from southeast to northwest, their highest summit. 
Mount Misery, being 4,100 feet above the sea-level. 

Montserrat island has an uneven, rugged surface, indicative of a 
volcanic origin. St. Vincent island is crossed by volcanic hills 
from north to south, and intersected by fertile valleys. Ihe vol- 
canic hill Soufiriere, 3,000 feet high, is m the northwest, and had 
a violent eruption in 1812 ; its crater is three miles in circumference, 
and 600 feet deep. 

The French island of Guadeloupe is one of the leeward West 
Indies. Properly speaking, it consists of two islands separated by 
a narrow channel not more than from thirty to one hundred yaros 
br(»d, called Riviere Salde. The western island is Guadeloupe 
proper, and the eastern Grande-Terre. Guadeloupe proper is of 
volcanic origin^ and is traversed from north to south by a moun- 
tain range whose summit is the Souffri^re volcano, about 5,000 
feet high. Grande-Terre is low, flat and marshy. 

Martinique is irregular in form, high, rocky, and volcanic, con- 
taining several extinct craters. In the interior are three mountains, 
of which the highest, Mont Pel^e (4,438 feet), after a long, inactive 
period had a violent eruption in 1851. From these mountains 
sesveral low, volcanic hills extend to the sea. 

Xhe Danish island of St. Ihomas is formed by a mountain ridge. 



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12 kSpanish-ambrican manual. 

which extendff the entire len^, and attains an elevation of 1»4S0 
feet. The shores are deeply indented, and the adjacent waters are 
studded with islets and rocks. 

In the western part of St. Croix, or Santa Cruz, island is arange 
of hills parallel with the coast, whose highest peak is of 11,000 
feet. The narrower eastern end is also narrower in the center of 
the island ; toward the west the surface is undulating ; toward the 
south it is flat, with brackish lagoons. 

St. Eustache island consists of a small ralley between volcanic 
<;one8. Cura^oa is a hilly island, with bold ^ores, and in some 
places deeply indented. 

The eastern portion of British Guiana is a rough inclined plane, 
sloping to the sea-level from an elevation of about 80 ) feet, the high- 
est part being mountainous, and going up to about 2,000 feet. The 
plain, extending westward and northward, is broken by mountain 
ranges, the western portion of which forms a part of the great 
savannah, which stretches eastward from Brazil. There are two 
parallel mountain systems crossing the country from west to east; 
the greater is that of the Pacaraima and Merum6 mountains ; and 
the lesser includes the Canucu, Cumucumu, and Coratamung 
mountains: the Sierra Acarai, a densely wooded chain, rises to 
2,500 feet, forming the southern boundary of Guiana, and the 
watershed between the Essequibo and the tributaries of the Ama- 
zon. The Pacaraima moimtains, a wide, rough country, traversed 
by broad valleys, extend about 4® to 5.30°, north latitude, rising 
to 3,00J feet between the Potaro and Liparuni rivers, and to 7,500 
feet at Roraima mountain, which rises a x)erpendicular, inaccessible 
wall at the extreme western limits of the country. The Roraima 
is a flat-topped, solid mass, the upper portion of which shows a 
precipice 1,500 feet high, glistening with the spray of innumerable 
cascades plimging down its sides. No other of the mountains is 
more than 4,000 ft high. The southern portion of Pacaraima presents 
rugged hills and valleys strewn with ro6ks ; but to the north there 
are dense forests ana magnificent scenery. The Inataca range 
is situated between the Cu3runi and Barima rivers in 7® to 8** 
north latitude. 

CLIMATES. 

Within the torrid zone, or tierras calientes of Mexico, the 
temperature averages from 77° to 82°, seldom falling below 60°, 
and often rising to 105 °, or in the sultry districts of Vera Cruz and 
Acapulco to 110 °. Toward the south the climate on both seaboards 
is moist, hot, and extremely insalubrious, especially for Europeans. 
Yellow fever and black vomit are here endemic. In the tierras 
templadasy the mean temperature is from 92° to 72°, oscillating 
between 50° and 86° ; the climate i3 therefore one of the finest on 
the globe. The table-lands of Puebla and An^huac have often 
been called terrestrial Edens with an eternal spring. Endemic 
fevers cease entirely at altitudes of 2,700 and 2,800 feet. This zone 
is on the whole drier than in the lowlands. The heaviest recorded 
rainfall (90 to 100 inches) is in healthy Huatusco (Vera Oraz) at 



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CUMATES. 13 

ttialtitnde of 4,880 feet. 16 the sone <^ the <i«fra« frtaf, the rain- 
fall id five times lees than in the temperate region. Snow rests the 
ifhde year only on the four most elevated peaks of Popocatepetl, 
Oiizaba, Nevado de Tclaca (15,000 feet), and Ixtaccihuatl. ^The 
fomr seasons are marked clearly cmly north of latitude 28**. South 
of that parallel there are hut two divisions to the year, the rainy 
and dry seasons, the former being from May to October. 

The climate of Central America on the Atlantic coast, is similar 
to that of the West Indies, somewhat modified. The Atlantic coast 
from Trujillo downward, the Mosquito region inclusive, is insalu- 
brious ; the climate of the Pacific coast is much healthier ; the heat 
is not eo oppressive. 

In Los Altos, or the highlands of Guatemala, the temperature is 
lower than elsswhere. Light falls of snow take place occasionally 
near Quezaltenango. There is never too much heat. In Guatemala 
city and its vicinity the thermometer marks from 55* to 80* ; the 
aven^ being 72**. In Vera Paz it is about 10** warmer. The 
whole coast from Belize down to Izabal and Santo Tomds is hot 
and far from healthy. 

Salvador, ^hich is whdly on the Pacific slope, has probably a 
higher temperature than Honduras and Guatemala, but the heat 
is oppressive only in a few localities on the coast. Honduras has 
a fine climate, except in the portion spoken of on the Atlantic coast. 
In British Honduras the temperature ranges from 56" to 96* ; aver- 
aging between 75" and 85", considerably tempered by sea breezes. 
Nicaragua, leaving out the region of Segovia, bordering on Hon- 
duras and having the same surface and temperature, has a climate 
of her own, the temperature averaging in the lake region about 
79" to 80", due more to favorable causes than to elevation. In 
Costa Rica there is idmost every degree of temperature, from the 
intense heat of Punt arenas to the constant spring of San Jos^, or 
the autumnal temperature of the belt above Cartage. The coast 
firoxn Chiriqui lagoon to the north is hot, wet, and unhealthy. It 
nlay at once be said that there is no dry season on the coast of 
Central America. However, the rainfall is less from June to Sep- 
tember, whUe during these months the Pacific slope has its rainy 
season, the rain being brief, and occurring in the afternoon and 
nig^t. In fact, no other portion of the earth of an equal extent 
presents a greater variety of climates. 

The coasts of Colombia are hot and unhealthy. In the interior of 
the isthmus of Panamd, on the fianks of the mountains, the tem- 
perature is relatively cool, but miasmatic fevers prevail every- 
where. The seasons are the wet and the dry ; the former lasts 
from May to December inclusive. July, August, and September 
are the hottest months. In most parts of the republic elephanti- 
asis^ and goitre are quite common among the lower classes. 

Like other mountamous countries in Spanish America, Venezuela 
has the three divisions of tierfaa calientes or cdlidaSf tierraa tewfplor 
das, and tierras /Has, In the first or hot region, the mean annual 
temperature* taking in that of the whole republic, is 80^ ; in many 
parts^ however, the temperature rises from 100" to 110®, as in La 
Ciuaira^ Barcelona, and Maracaibo, the last being by far the hottest 



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H BPAMgH* h MMTfCViK MANUAL. 

locality in the coantrv. The temperate regiiHi is meattymftd^wp 
dldateaoa, situated uom2y000 to 7,000 feet abore the aea 2 itfrten- 
peratore is from 65"* to 75^ It is a regicm of perpetual sprix^aad 
extremely healthy. All the coantnr higher than 7,000 feett in- 
clading the pdramoi, or highest table-lands, belongs to the thifd 
division. It is a remarkable fact that in Venezuela the mesaft mth 
uated above 8>000 feet, notwithstanding they are so near Ibfl^ 
eqoator, are uninhabitable : while those ^ Mexico, some of which 
are over 8,000 feet, and those of Quito, Bo^td, Cozco, and Qamoi 
(this last over 13,000 feet) possess most delightfql climates. 

In Venezuela, like other tropical countries, there are only two 
seasons. The ory or summer season usually extends from Novem- 
ber to April; the rainy, or winter season, comprises the other 
months, except in Guayana, where the rains are more persistent, 
because of dense forests. The average annual rainfall at Caracas 
is about 830 inches. Fevers, both ^eUow and intermittent, prevail 
all along the coast during tiie ramy season; elephantiasis and 
goitre are common in the plateaus. 

A countnr with such a varied face as Ecuador, naturally presenta 
a variety of climates. East of the cordilleras, in the wooded and 
marshy regions, and in the west in the lowlands, it is humid and 
hot ; in the valley between the eastern and western chains tlie cli- 
mate and temperature vary with the elevation of the i^iains or 
their proximity to the mountains. 

There are only two seasons, summer and winter ; sunmier lasting 
from June to November; the winter or rainy season foUows. 
But this regularity of seasons is seen only on the mesas situated 
between the mountains and along the slopes of the western Cor- 
dillera. Hail and snow-storms are frequent in the elevated plains 
of the Cordillera, and frosts destrov the unripe grains. In the 
coast regions the north wind prevails during the winter, and the 
copious rains cause the rivers to inundate the surrounding country. 
Alter the floods subside, a pestilential marsh remains, sending 
forth noxious insects in swarms. Fevers are prevalent during 
the rainy season in the lowlands. The country, taken as a whole,, 
is healthy, especially in the valley between the cordilleras. In- 
termittent and other fevers are common in the coast region ; they 
are unknown in the mountains, and cases of pulmonary consump- 
tion are seldom seen. Elephantiasis is a scourge in Quito. 

Brazil, with her immense extent of territory and diversified 
surface, must have a considerable variety of climate. The 
great northenl lowland is very hot ; the year is divided there into 
two seasons, the wet and the dry. The central and southern 
highland presents a great variety in the seasons and climatea of 
the intertropical portion of that region; and towards the south 
beyond the tropics a temperate zone is reached, where four seasons 
are marked, though not so plainly as in central Europe. To 
attempt giving more detailed infonfiation on this subject would 
occupy more space than I can afiford here. 
'. With the exception of the marshy banks of some of the rivar8» 
where intermittent fevers prevail, the country is generally healthy. 
On the sea-coast and inland, in some of the maritime proviaoa^ 



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^demkv^ci yellow (met and cholera nuMrbns hofe occoned racei^ 
I&d. 1^ inortalUy in the most populooB towns of Braai iasaid 
iabe rather below that of the large cities of Europe. 

The climate along the coast from about latitude 24** sooth to Urn 
north limit and in titie Amazon valley is generally hot, though in 
some parts sudden changes often occur. In the Yallevs ^ th#i 
Farand and the Uruguay, as also in the highlands, a cool, or even 
cold atmosphere reigns. The climate of the whole empire, though 
mostly humid, is as a rule salubrious. In the north the winter 
or wet season begins about the end of November and lasts till 
about the middle of May, during which season rains are abundant, 
usually accompanied with thunder and lightning; as the end of 
^e season approaches they are heavier and more frequent. At 
Belem they have only sixty days of the year without rain, the 
fliermometer ranging from 98* to 68*, while at Kio de Janeiro it is 
75**, and BtHl lower toward the south. In the north, from June to 
December, the general winds are steady during the day from the 
northeast, and during the night from the east. The common dis- 
eases are pulmonary consimiption, intermittent fevers and rheu- 
niatism. Goitre is prevalent in Minas, Bahia, etc. ; leprosy is- 
common along the banks of the Amazon, at Kio de Janeuro, and 
other places. It rarely attacks foreigners, and though reported to 
be incurable, cases taken before the disease has become thoroughly 
rooted have been permanently cured. 

The climate of the Argentine Republic, taken as a whole, is very 
good; in fact one of the best in the world, yet presenting great 
variety. In the north it is hot, and in some places Hia heat is op- 
pressive, except where fresh breezes come from the Andes to cool 
the atmosphere. Going south the temperature becomes milder ; in 
Buenos Au*es the climate bears a strong resemblance to some pc»r- 
ticms of southern Europe. In the plams from the Andes to the 
Farand moisture is scanty, and the wind often causes changes of 
la* to 30" in the thermometer, which rarely marks more than 90". 
The prevailing winds being northerly and passing over the marshy 
and saline districts bring to Buenos Aires much dampness, and 
upon humanity a lassitude productive of all the maladies resulting 
from a suddenly checked perspiration. The pamp>ero, or south 
wind, generally follows the norther, and blowing with great vio- 
lence drives back the waters of the riv^r Plata miles from the shore 
and bear clouds of dust that utterly darken the atmosphere. They 
frequently end with rain, or rather with a fidl of a muddy sub- 
stance composed of water and dust. These storms are usually ac- 
companied with terrific thunder and lightning. The mortahty of 
children within the first week of their birth is very great. 

Ill southern Patagonia the climate is less intemperate than in 
Labrador, which is at the same distance from the equator in th» 
northern hemisphere. It is also remarkable that while Chilian 
Patagonia is deluged, Argentine Patagonia is arid and dry. 

The climate of Uruguay on the whole is mild and salubrious, th» 
thermometer ranging from 32*" to 88°; but table-lands frosts 
occnr in July and August. On the lowlands the temperature is at 
times l€0^ Feavy rains fall in all seasons, more 8i>ecially in Majr.' 



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16 gl'ANWH-.lMEKlCAN MANUAL. 



aud October, liiere are occasional falls of snow which npldly.' 
dii'ap|)ear. The changes of temperature are sometimes very marked 
and sadden, frequently falling 40 ** in four hours, or rising 25* in* 
two or three hours. 

In Paraguay the year is divided into two seasons ; summer, last- 
ing from October to March, and winter, running from AprU to 
b^eptember. December, January, and February are usually the 
!' jttest months, and May, June, July, and August the coldest. 
April is mild. The mean temperature for the year is about 76' or 
70**; during the summer 81** and during the winter 71°. The 
endemic diseases of the country are goitre and leprosy; but 
the natives, being underfed, are prone to diarrhoea and dyspepsia- 
Bolivia lies northerly within the tropical zone. In descemiing 
from the highest region of snow and ice to the low plains, several 
stages are distinguished. Puna Brava is the name given to the 
upx)ermost mountain regions, rising above 12,500 feet to the snow 
limit ; they are scarcely inhabited by man ; the animal kingdom 
being represented there by the vicuna, guanaco, llama, alpaca, and 
chinchilla, besides the condor and other birds of prey. Ihe region 
between a height of 11,0 JO and the lower Puna Brava is called Puna, 
and is less cold than the former ; it is not well p?opled or cultivated. 
Under the general name of Cabecera de Valle are grouped t^e 
heads of the valleys, descending to the lower lands between 9,500 
and 11,000 feet of altitude, where the climate is temperate. The- 
Valle or Medio Yunga is the name given to the deeper valleys 
between 9,500 and 5,000 feet, having warm climate. The Yunga, 
lastly, is the low tropical region, comprising all beneath 5,000 feet. 
In the Valle and Upper Yunga a perpetual spring reigns ; night 
frosts are rare. A stranger on first reaching these hi^^h plains 
finds difficulty in breathing, and suffers from dysentery ; but these 
troubles for the most part soon disappear ; the highlands are not by 
any means unhealthy. An infectious fever known thare as fiebre 
amarilla sometime i breaks out in the Indian villages of the Puna, 
and cauFes great loss of life. Coughs and lung diseases prevail 
among the children in the punas, and do most harm among the 
grown people in the valle and yungas. Down in the equinoctial 
region of the eastern provinces, intermittent fevers, dysenteries, 
and other diseases, peculiar to warm climates, are prevalent. 

On the Peruvian coast, from November to April, there are usually 
a constant dryness, a clear sky, and a considerable, though not 
oppressive, heat. From June to September the sky is obscured 
for several weeks at a time by fog, often accompanied by a driz- 
zling rain known as garda. The temperature ranges in Lima from 
about 80 ** to 60**. When it is hottest and dryest on the coast, it is 
raining copiously in the Andes, and the rivers are full ; when the 
rivers are very low the garda prevails on the coast. The climate 
of various parts of the coast, however, is modified by local circum- 
stances. The region of Chili lying^between the 33rd and 42nd 
parallels has a salubrious climate. That situated between latitude. 
42** and 56° has a remarkably healthy climate, there being no 
great extremes of heat or cold.' Malignant endemic diseases are 
unknown there. Most of the mortality is caused by phthisia, 



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VLUiATLB. 17 

fi499entery, levers/ pneumonia, heart disease, syphilis, and rhen- 



f^Tbe climate of the island of Hayti is hot and moist, but usually 
'>liecilthy. In the north, especially in the elevated portions, there is 
fe^tual spring. The seasons are divided into wet and dry. 
There are localities where it never rains for years. The rainy sea- 
son runs from April to November in the west, south and centre ; 
and during the other months in the north. Hurricanes are fre- 
quent in the south. At Santo Domingo the minimum temperature 
is 60* and the maximum 93*" ; the latter occurs in August and Sep- 
tember, but the heat is tempered by the terral, or land breeze, in 
the night. 

The climate in the lowland of Cuba is that of the torrid zone ; 
but that of the higher interior is more temperate. We have here 
in regard to climate Mie rule governing other countries bordering 
the tropics, the year being divided between a hotter and wetter 
season, and a cooler and drier one. There is rain almost every 
month, but from early May to October is called the wet season. 
The period from November to April is called by contrast the dry 
season. The rainfall at Habana in the wet season during seven 
years has been 27.8 inches. The climate of Habana is tropical, but 
the excess in heat is tempered by the sea-breeze in the day time, 
and by the terral, or land breeze, every evening. There are but 
two seasons ; the dry, from November to May, when only occa- 
donal rains occur accompanying heavv northers ; and the wet sea- 
son, which usually begins in June and lasts till about the middle 
of October; during this seaS(Hi the rain pours almost daily in 
torrents for a number of* hours^ accompanied with thunder and 
lightning. Habana has been visited at times by hurricanes, those 
of 1768, 1844, and 1846 causing immense damage to shipping in the 
harbor, and to buildings, hapx>ily without serious loss of life, their 
greatest force having been during the hours of dayli^t. Yellow 
fever prevails usually from June till September or October, but 
never affects a native of the city ; nor does it attack even the 
unacclimated foreigner, who resides at even three or four miles frcmi 
the city> The filthy condition of the harbor contributes to render 
the city unhealthy. 

The climate of rorto Rico though very warm, is quite healthy. 
North windrf^ are quite common from November to April. The 
terral, or land wind, so constant in the other Antilles is rarely felt 
in Porto Rico. The island has frequently suffered from hurricanes. 
In a country like the United States, stretching through twenty- 
five degrees of latitude, and rising from low, swampy shores to vast 
^vated and arid table-lands and immense mountain ranges, there 
must be a great variety of climates. With the exception of the 
extreme south and the Pacific slope the weather is notoriously 
fickle, and presents great differences of temperature between 
-' wsmmer and winter. Changes of thirty degrees within a few hours 
-wre- common at all seasons, and the alternations from drought to 
i andnare almost as remarkable. The summer is extremely hot, 
(tte temperatore often rising several degeees above 100"*. Jii the 
. aoilh this extreme heat continues only a few days at a time ; inthe 
Manual. 2 



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18 SPANISH-AMKBICAJf MANUAL. 

scmthy thongh the heat is continued, it is seldom so intense. In*^ 
winter the thermometer often falls below zero, and it has been 
known in some parts, particularly Minnesota and Dakota, to reach 
the freezing point of mercury (—40**). The Atlantic states h^ite 
generally a temperature ten degrees more severe than countries 
of the same altitude in Europe, while Califomia's climate is as 
mild as that of Italy. The average annual temperature varies 
from 7&* in south Florida to 36*" in northeast Minnesota. Bain is 
abundant over the greater part of the republic. : . . 

The most fatal diseases in New England and middle states are 
affections of the lungs; in the southern states bilious fevers, with 
occasional severe visitations of yellow fever along the coast ; and 
in the western states, intermittent and bilious fevers and dysentery. 
Cholera, when it has visited the United l^^tates, has done more 
harm in the valley of the Mississippi than anywhere else. 

The climate of the Bermudas has been reputed unhealthy in the 
summer, but statistics show the ordinary mortality to be 22 per 
thousand. The maximum lieat is 85.8**, usually tempered by sea 
breezes ; and the minimum 49° ; the average annual temperature 
being 70*, and that of March 65*. Yellow fever and typhus have 
made occasional visits with much virulence. In the winter the 
climate is exceedingly mild, for which reason many invalids resort 
to these islands at that season. 

The temperature in the Bahamas is warm in the summer time, 
but quite pleasant and healthy in the winter, at which season the 
colony is frequented by visitors from the United States and Canada. 
The temperature ranges in Trinidad between 74* and 86* in 
summer and 70* and 81* in winter. The annual rainfall is sixty- 
five inches. The island is out of the range of hurricanes. » 

There is a ^eat variety of climate in Jamaica. In the low lands the 
temperature is 75* at night, 85* in the day time, tempered by sea and 
land breezes. It may be said, on the wnole, that the temperature 
is very equable. In the higher levels the temperature is probably 
40* to 50*. At Kingston, the capital, it ranges from 70* to 80* 
throughout the year. The island is unusually healthy, though oc- 
casionally subject to yellow fever. Hurricanes occur, when they 
come, between July and October. The periodical rains, usually 
lasting six weeks, form the May and October seasons. 

In Grenada hurricanes are not very frequent. Earthquakes are 
felt sometimes. The average temperature is 82°: in the Mgher 
parts it is cooler. The rainfall is considerable. 

In Barbados the climate is equable and healthy. During eight 
months of the year the sea breezes keep the temperature delight- 
fully cool. The average rainfall is from 51 to 55 inches. March is 
the driest month, and October the wettest. Leprosy is not un- 
common among the negroes, and elephantiasis is so prevalent 
that it has been nicknamed Barbados leg. The average rainfall in 
St. Vincent is about eighty inches annually. The climate ds 
humid and not unhealthy. The temperature of Dominica varies 
from 69* to 88*. The wet season continues from S^tember to 
January, though rains frequently fall in other montiis of the yenr. 
St. Kitts is not unhealthy, the temperature ranges from 78*ta. S4*. 



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CLOfATES. 10 

The climate of Monteerrat is said to be the meet healthy in the 
West Indies. The climate of the Vir^ islands is yariable, and 
there are occasional earthquakes. British Goiana, particularly in 
the interior, is healthy : its temperature throughout the year 62* ; 
the heat being tempeored by sea-breezes is even, and is recommend- 
ed for persons suffering fiom diseased lungs. 

The climate of Guadeloupe is hot, damp and unhealthy. De- 
structive hurricanes often cause hayoc in the island. Its depend- 
encies have a sindlar climate. The mean annual temperature of 
Martinique is 81** in the coast redons. The monthly average in 
January is 77° and in June 83° The annual rainfall is 87 inches. 
Huxricanes are of fre(|uent occurrence. The year is divided into 
two seasons, one lasting nine months from the middle of October, 
and the other comprising the rest of the year. In this latter part 
rains are abimdant, and yellow fever and similar diseases prevail. 

The climate of Cayenne or French Guiana is hotter and more un- 
healthy than the other two portions of Guiana. During the hotter 
months — August, September, and October— the temperature usually 
rises to 86°; in the colder season the mean temperature is 79°; 
rarely as low as 70°. There is not much thermometrical difference 
between day and night. The rainy season is between November 
or December and Jime, less three or four weeks of good weather in 
March. The average rainfall annually at Cayenne is from ten to 
eleven feet, and heavier in the interior. 

The climate of Curayoa is dry and hot, but generally not un- 
healthy. St. Eustace has a similar climate. Surinam has un- 
justly had the reputation of being excessively unhealthy. The 
climate is hot and moist, resembling a Turkisn bath, but is not 
unsuited even to the European constitution. There are no endemic 
diflOises. Cholera, fevers, and small-pox occasionally have ap- 
peared, but not more virulently than m more temperate regions. 
Cases of leprosy and elephantiasis frequently occur among the 
negro population. These maladies were introduced from Barba- 
dos. 

The climate of St. Thomas is warm ; the thermometer ranges 
from 70° to 90°. Hurricanes pass over it at long intervals 
of years, doing immense damage. Earthquakes are frequent, but 
serious ones rarely occur. A large proportion of the mortality of 
the island is from pulmonary consumption. Santa Cruz, ano&er 
Danish island, is said to be also a very healthy country. Con- 
8umx>tives to resort to it in winter. 

AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES. 

In the tierroB ealientes of Mexico the soil is extremely prolific. 
In northern Mexico, comprising the states of Sonora, Chihuahua, 
Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and most of Tamaulipas, it is valuable only 
for grazing purposes. There are millions of acres which at preset 
are only fit for cattle, horses, sheep, or goats. The states above 
named, together with Lower California, have an area of 855,000 
square miles, about one-half of the estimated area of the whole 
nation ; one third of that area is mountainous and barren ; portions 



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^d SPANISH-iijCERICAK HAHUAL. 

tiiihe rest would be extremely productive had thisfy^m iod^i^fjat© 
Bujiply of water. There are large tracts where water-holes a*b so 
few that in a dry season all grass will disappear, and stock miist 

Eerish. Ihe portion of land now used for cultivation is small ; the 
irgest body being in the valley of the lower Rio Grande from near 
Camargo to Bagdad, about 1,000 square miles. Properly cultivated 
and irrigated it would yield abundant crops. Maize,- wheat, 
tobacco, grapes, and coffee, as well as palms, evergreens, mangb; 
olive, orange, lemon, yucca, and an unlimited variety of the cactus 
family, are found in abundance. 

In the highest zone, or tierras /rias, the maguey, common also 
to the temperate region, has its home ; its fruit is edible, and its 
fermemted juice supplies the famous pulque and mezcal. The 
heniquen, an allied species, is likewise prcxiuced here. The silk 
industry in the Mexican republic has been gaining ground. The 
silk-worm is raised in Oajaca, Puebla, and Hidalgo. The culture 
has also been introduced in Vera Cruz, Tlaxcala, Michoa^n, 
Quer^taro, Jalisco, and Chihuahua. 

The value of farms and other agricultural property, induding 
cacao and palm gardens, has been set down for 1887 at |600,000,000. 
There are probably 54,000 square miles of mountain land, and about 
15,000 square miles of uncultivated soil. 

^ Agricultural implements are still exceedingly crude, in many 
places but little better than the ori^al article : a wooden plough, 
with the jMDint occasionally armed with iron ; a wooden harrow, or 
large rake, the points of which were sometimes of iron ; and a land 
of hoe, of various sizes, similar to the rake-harrow, but with a 
narrow iron knife-edge in lieu of prongs. Reaping is often done 
with the sickle. 

Among the Nahuas and Mayas, from the earliest times of tihfen^ 
history, only three farming implements were known— at least the 
early Spanish records do not mention any more : the coatl, ser- 
pent-shaped, a copper implement with a wooden handle, used as 
a hoe to break the surface of the soil ; another copper tool, like a 
sickle, with a wooden handle, used for pruning fruit-trees. But 
the instrument in most common use was a sharp stick with the 
point hardened in the fire, or occasionally tipped with copp^. 
Irrigation and fertilizers were well known and applied. 

The ancient Peruvians were tillers of the soil, and had attained 
an advanced stage. They possessed neither draught animals, nor 
the ploughshare of the Old World. The implement thev used for 
a plough was a strong, sharp-pointed stake, traversed by a hori- 
zontal piece, ten or twelve mches from the point, on which the 
ploughman might set his foot,, and force it into the ground. 
Several strong men, attached by ropes to the stake, dragged it 
forcibly along, pulling together. Women followed them tobreak 
the sods with their rakes. It was a clumsy contrivance, the only 
specimen of a plough among American aborigines, and was, per- 
'iiaps, not much inferior to the wooden instrument introducea by 
'the European, which superseded it. The Peruvians used irnga- 
*tkm and lertiHzers, particularly guano. • 

'A' few^ enli^tenea Mexicans have introduced and employ i rio d e nx 



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AGBIQUl^TUBAL BEBOURO^B. 2% 

agxictiltural imx)lemeii1bs ; thus are American mowing, refqnngyftiid 
<±Lreidiing machines^ ^owly coming into use. American ploodbt 
4re common, but osly Bmall ones and of imfit ipatterns are qallei} 
£<», The Mexican farmer believes in the superiority of a wooden 
plough ; and if he buys an Americanplough, he insists upon hav- 
ing a very small one, hardly more eflEective than an old-fashioned 
iron-toothed harrow. Even this innovation is rare. Isinety-nine 
out of 100 farmers use the plough made from a forked stick, a hoe 
weighing from 3 to 5 pounds, and the saw-toothed sickle ; a bundle 
of brush answers for a harrow. With these tools Mexican crops 
are cultivated and harvested. 

The value of wherat produced in 1883 was $17,525,890; of maize $114,185,990: 
o! sugar |8.735,C00; of pulse $10,000,000; of cotton $6,160,88(^; to the above must 
bo added the value of hemp, coffee, maguey, barley, tobacco, wood, vanUhi, 
medicines, etc. Production of 1887: sugar, 70,000 tons, value $8,000,000; coffee. 
25 million pounds, $5,500,000; com, 137,761,000 bushels; wheat, 11,074,000 bushels; 
henequen, 41,000 tons, ^6,903,000. In 1888, in hectoliters of 2.S38 bushels each: 
barley, 2,025,000; wheat, 4,026,925: corn, 46,458,840; beans, $2,735,000. Large 
quantities of cattle arc reared in Mexico. In 1883 northern Mexico nlone had 
on an area of 303,CO0 square miles 1,500,000 head of neat cattle, 2,500,000 goats, 
1,000,COO horses, 500X00 mules, and 1,000,000 sheep. Poultry in every variety is 
also abundant. There were in the whole of Mexico in the same year 20,600 
f took ranges, valued at about ^600,000,000. 

In the centre and southern parts of Tamaulipas there are fertile 
valleys with rivers to furnish water for irrigation. In the upper 
country the only agricultural lands are in narrow valleys with 
springs in small streams. 

In file warm zone there are immense virgin forests abounding 
in timber, dye-woods and medicinal and other useful plants. 
Th^e are about 114 species of trees and cabinet woods, seventeen 
of oil-bearing plants, and over sixty of medicinal plants and dye- 
woods indigenous to Mexico, which frequently differ from kindred 
varieties existing in other sections of America ; most of them are 
found in the warm region. Among the most important products 
are mahogany, rosewood, copal, India rubber, jalap, sarsaparilla 
and vanilla. Maize, or Indian corn, the great food-staple of the 
people, yields enormously and affords, two, three and even four 
crops a year Rice, indigo, cotton, tobacco and coffee thrive well ; 
sugar, cacao, bananas and a variety of beans are likewise cul- 
tivated. Ihe tobacco of Vera Cruz and Tabasco, the coffee of 
Colima, and the cacao ot Oajaca and Chiapas have no rivals. Near 
Monterey oranges, sugar-corn, wheat and barley are produced of 
excellent quality. Parras is noted for fine wines. Ihe grapes, 
wines and onions of Paso del Norte are famous and for 200 years 
had a hi^h reputation in Spain. 

The cmef products of Guatemala are coffee and sugar. Cochi- 
neal was at one time the chief staple, but having become in late 
years unprofitable through the discoveries in Europe of chemical 
substances to take its place in coloring, the government turned its 
attention to coffee planting, encouragement being also given to 
either industries, as the production of sugar, wheat, tobacco, India 
rcg^ber, cinchona, jiquihte, spices, and grapes, with good resultapi 
«u^9e, instances and good prospects in others. 



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i2 8PANI8H-AMEBICAN HAITVAL. 

■ Of eochloeal the product was reduced from 67,709 quintals in 1800-64 1» 
%IM5 in 1879-«3. Of coffee not a grain was produced in 1860-64; in tbe fiscal 

Sear 1883-84 the crop was4C5,S8() quintals; that of 1884-85 was estimated at 
20,000 quintals, valued at 15,291,074: the crop of 1886 was worth 16,189,686. Of 
sugar, panela, muscovado and molasses the product for 1885 was Talued at 
1916.789, against 11,068,551 in 1884. and |976,902in 1883. The sugar cropof 1886 vnm 
valued at|l,160,865. Of India rubber the product for 1879-83 was 9.074 quintals; 
flour, probable production, 931,144 quintals, sundries, 115,999 quintals; tobacco 
cultivation progressing. In 1885 Quatemala contained 117,8iB0 horses, 45,600 
mules and asses, 494,1S0 head of cattle, 460/426 sheep, 27,618 goats, 177,lia 
s^ne. Total value 118,623,316. 

The native population of Salvador being more inclined than that 
of any neighboring state to civilized pursuits, is largely engaged in 
affricultcure. Soon after the commencement of the second half 
of the present century they entered upon a career of pro- 
gress, accomplishing a great deal since, notabl}^ in the develop- 
ment of their i^ctQtm*al resources. Coffee is now the most 
important production. Indigo was for a long time the only st^le 
of the country for exportation. Maize, rice, and beans are great 
food-staples of the population. Other productions of less import- 
ance are tobacco, sarsaparilla, India rubber, and sugar. 

Balvadoran indigo is generally quoted in European markets as Guatemalan. 
On the other hand: a product of Salvador is always designated balsam of Perd, 
when the tree from which it is obtained is an indigenous product nowhere 
else than in a limited part of the Balvadoran seaboard known as Costs del 
Bdlsamo. Of this balsam there was exported in 1883 to the value of about 
154,000. The product of indigo between 1792 and 180D was 8,732,562 pounds, 
whicn at |2 a pound made 117,505,134; the crop of 1864 was worth |1,129,106, 
and that Of 1877 $2,146,423. In 1877 $2,115,669 worth of coflbo was raised againsi 
$80,003 worth in 1864. Of sugar and muscovado in 1877 $334,331; of rice in that 
year ^154,728. Aggregate value of all agricultural products for 1876-87 wera 
estimated at $15,448,794. 

Coffee, indigo, sugar, and tobacco are the leading staples of 
Honduras, though the soil will 3deld nearly all the tropical pro- 
ducts. The land on both coasts is adapted to cotton. A soft, 
slender, and juicy sugar-cane is indigenous. Two and even three 
crops of the cane are produced annually, while the cane needs 
replanting only once in ten or twelve years. Enough sugar is 
made for home consumption. Excellent coffee is grown, but cofiee 
estates have proved unprofitable, and the tobacco of the country 
has a well-deserved reputation. Food staples are varied and abun- 
dant, particularly maize, rice, and beans, and the country has a large 
store of precious woods, and many of its fruits are indigenous. 
Sarsaparilla of excellent qualitv is found in abundance on the 
northern and eastern coasts, ana vanilla grows in the same regions. 
Agriculture is sadly neglected in Honduras: a real plough ia 
hardly to be met with in the whole country. The implements in 
use are of the most primitive kind. The machete is the most 
employed of any of them . Kaising stock is steadily on the increase, 
and yields sure profit; hence the preference to this branch of 
industry. 

The ruling prices for stock are: cows, $7 to $10; steers average $9; two years 
old, |3 to $4; three years old, $4 to $6; hogs. |3 to |6; goats, |i to $2; cargo or pack 
animals (mules or horses; |85 to |60; saddle mules, $20 to $60; mares, |6 to $10. 
Hares are used only for breeding purposes. Sheep are rarely seen. Hondurans 
do not like mutton, and as there is no market for wool, sheep cut no figure in 
the live-stock industry of the country. The mule, though small, is a tongh 



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* AGRICULTURAL REBOUBCK6. 2S 

aliiiiia;!, With a wonderful endurance, and lives and thrlTes on a very imall 
a^owance of food. In regard to farming produce, maize is the only one worth 
mentioning. The native, using a snarp stick or his machete, makes holes in 
the grouna at irregular distances, drops in the seed, covers it with his heel, and 
then lets nature do the rest Beans are found on every table, and so are the 
com tortillas. Tropical fruits are extensively cultivated on the north coast 
The price of government lands is from $20 to |103 per caballeria, equivalent to 
3^ acres. 

Mcaragoa is a very productive country, its products being all 
that are round in other tropical countries. The chief staples are 
India rubber, cacao, sugar-cane, indigo, tobacco, cotton, coflTee, 
fruits, wheat, maize, and other cereals. There are also inexhaus- 
tible quantities of medicinal plants, and valuable cabinet and dye- 
woods. Stock-raising is practised to some extent. 

. The government has endeavored to promote agriculture. With the view of 
encouraging it decreed in 1886 a bounty of 83 cents per quintal of 101^ lbs* 
aV<^rdupois to be paid to wheat producers, provided the farmer produced over 
25 quintals; to farmers laying out ca !ao plantations for 10 years, 10 cents yearly 
for every cacao tree that iias reached the age of 5 years, in the departments of 
Chontales, Matagalpa, Nueva Begorva, Leon, and Chinandega, provided th* 
plantation exceeds in number 8,000 trees. The caoutchouc trees are govern- 
ment property. The cotton is of superior quality; the cacao is second only 
to thatof Soconusco; the sugar-cane is indigenous, and yields an excellent ar- 
ticle of sugar^he indigo has a high reputation; the cofltee is not inferior to 
that of Costa Bica; the tobacco is of a superior srrado; maize and rice grow to 
perftetion, and in abundance. Coffee and tobacco are exempt from taxation. 
The climate seems to bo unfavorable for cochineal, grape, and stock. It is 
estimated th&t the country possesses about 400,000 head of cattle; but this in- 
dustry hG3 its drawbacks. Nutritious grasses and water are scanty in the sum- 
mer time; and on the other hand an immenso quantity of insects torture the 
animals; and many of the latter perish from disease. 

The soil of Costa Rica is extremely fertile, the climate permitting 
the successful cultivation of almost all the fruits of the tropical and 
temx>erate zones. Upwards of 1,000 square miles are under culti- 
vation , the great staple being coffee ; though indigo, sugar, and cacao 
of excellent quality are raised, the last in the Matina valley, while 
cotton, tobacco, wheat, maize, rice, potatoes, and other vegetables, 
roots, legumes, and fruits of the temperate zone are also raised. 
Cabinet and dye-woods and medicinal plants are among the 
natural products. There is besides an abundance of horned cattle, 
horses^ and swine. 

The first cofflee produced in quantity for exx>ortation was in 1885, the indus- 
try having been encouraged by a law of 1831. The product in 1845 was 45,000 
quintals of ICO lbs. each; in 1848, 90,000; in 1850, 140,000; in 1873, 833.843; in 1874. 
about 800,000; in 1876, 186,003; in 1877. 180,652; in 1884, about 405,000; in 1885, 
125,000 to 180,030 quintals. The crops have usually increased, except when the 
rains have been either scanty or excessive, or when the country has had a 
visitation of locusts. The value of the live stock existing in the republic is 
set down at upwards of six million dollars. The tapir, deer and other animals 
are hunted for food. The variety of birds of beautiful plumage is large; 
among them the quetzal (pharomaerus Costaricensis). and the Montezuma 
(ostirops Montezumae). J. C. Zeledon's catalogue of birds gives 692 8X)ecie«, 
some of which are migratory from North and South America. 

Colombia has almost unlimited resources, and only needs peace 
tjo increase population and develop her natural wealth. Her 
geo'|raphi<?al position, diversity of climate, fine rivers, productive 
00% and minerals are unsurpassed by any other country in the 
wciid.; The chief products are coff38, cacao, sugar, rice, tobacco, 
^ttmi, indigo, maize, mandioca. The cereals of European origin 



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2tt^ 8FANI8B-A1CEBICAM HANUAL. 

ae well as those indigenoas to Americai and the sugu^cane ^ 
vigorously, in somo cases more so than in their native halHtolr. 
Ipecacuanha, mahogany, cedar, and other varieties of woods, in- 
cluding dye-woods, divi-divi, vegetable ivory', indigo, and India; 
rubber grow wild. Cattle, horses and other domestic animals alsa* 
abound. Timber on the isthmus of Panamd is of the best quality 
and of enormous size. 

In Panam& the product of cofitee and sugar is not enough even to supply 
the home demand, though the government has endeavored to encourage the 
cultivation of cofi^e. ana also of cacao, exempting them from taxation. For 
1882 the product of tobacco was 2770 quintals; groin, 197,320 quintals: cacao, 
261 quintals: sugar, 155 quintals; pancla. 20,455 quintals; molasses, 4,G94 
jugs; coffee, 2,853 quintals: rubber, 81) quintals: medicinal roots, 830 quintals; 
sundries 854,285 quintals; the total value being estimated at $518,662. 

Venezuela possesses one of the richest soDs on the face of the 
earth. With the exception of the elevated pdramos, and. the 
sandy coast, fertility exists everywhere. The countrv produces In 
th^ greatest perfection the Indian sago, a most valuable palm-tree, . 
the yagua for cordage and a fine oil, and chiquichique for ropos; 
the chaguarama for thatch and laths; the royal palm, wax-palm, 
cocoa-palm, etc. The bread-fruit tree and the peach-palm^ so 
much esteemed for their fruits, also abound. In the central val- 
leys and forests of Guayana there is a great variety of timber and 
cabinet woods. The real cinchona flourishes at elevations rang- 
ing from 2,600 to 4,000 feet above the sea-level. The India rubber 
tree is very abundant, and the same is to be said of Brazil and 
other dye-woods and plants, including the divi-divi, gums, resins, 
spices, and medicinal plants and herbs, including sarsaparilla and 
copaiba. The milk-tree, or cow-tree, known in the country as 
palo de vaca, is an evergreen, indigenous in the Cordilleras of 
Oardcas; it yields a sap almost resembling milk, which is com- 
monly used as milk, and is said to be very nutritious. 

Among the chief cultivated products are cacao, coflEee, tobacco; 

cotton, indigo, sugar-cane, yucca, maize, bananas, plantains, and 

a large variety of other fruits. The coffee plant thrives wel! at 

elevations from 650 to 5, 500 feet. The cacao plantations are adong 

the coast from Guiria, in Cumand, to the mouth of the Tocuyo. 

Indigo was formerly grown on a large scale, but for many years 

past has been gradually giving place to more remunerative staples. 

ougar is largely produced, though but little is exported. Tobacco 

is extensively cultivated. Cattle-rearing is an important branch of 

the country's wealth. 

Nearly 400,000 persons were in 1884 occupied in agricultural pursuits. The 
,..-1 * — ^„-^ .,„_x_^ ata" " - «. - 



annual value of products was estimated at about ^,000,000. Coflbe, the i 

valuable product, was estimated in that year at $n,255«000: and was followed 
by sugar, 17,686,000: corn, |6,CO3.000; cacao, $2,998,00 ». In the same year 852.7iX> 
acres of land were under cultivation. In 1883, there were in the country 
2,926,733 head of neat-cattle, 8,490,536 goats and sheep, £91,603 horses, 906^ 
mules and asses, and i76,500 swine. The total estimate of the produce of 
stock-breeding in 1884 was $38,522,125. The number of persons engaged ia Ihit, 
branch of business was about 200,000. 

In Ecuador the mountain surfaces are more or less fertile. Frmat 
them is abundantly carried the decomposed matter by river* to» 
the mountain valle3rs and level lands watered by numerous streauii 



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ia4lie lower sections. The Boil is theref(»re better in the maonlttm 
mQeys and in the lower sections, and may be utilized for growing, 
csopB: Large portions of the mountain sides may be used for 
grapes and other fruits. 

: Among the natural products are cinchona and an immense^ 
variety of medicinal plants, India rubber, vegetable ivory and 
ofchilia grass, the American aloe, the pajon, from which are made' 
the>80-called Panama hats, and inexhaustible quantities of timber 
suitable for ship and house building and woods for cabinet-work.. 
Thecultivatedproducts consist of cereals, coffee, cacao, cotton, fruits, 
tobacco, nuts, yams. Wheat ripens at any time of the year. li 
may be said that nearly all of the fruits, grain, and vegetables, 
grown anjrwhere in the world can be cultivated in Ecuador. 

. A^culture is in a low condition ; the implements used differ but 
little from those the Spaniards found in the countiy when they 
ocmquered it. There are a few sugar estates supplied with im-< 
proved machinery. Cattle and sheep are reared in considerable, 
quantities. Nmncrous llamas pasture on the p^amos. 

As a rule estates in Ecuador ranee from 503 to 10,0C0 acres. Onlj a- 
sraaH portion of tlio arable land is utinzed. Ecuador could well support 20,"; 
000,<X)0 people. In most of the sugar estates the cane Is crushed by ox-powet ^. 
and the juice boUcd in old-fashioned iron kettles. It must be stated, how- 
ever, that much progress has been made in the introduction of newma- 
oWnery for sugar plantations. Com-shellers, stalk-cutters, rice-thrashers^ 
ploughs, harrows, road-serapers, flre-wood sawing machines, and many other 
useful things might bo introduced by proving their practical advantages, 

The soil of Brazil is among the most fertile of the earth, and it0» 
capabilities of production are almost unlimited. Among its pro- 
ducts are found nearly all that the several zones of America yield, 
wheat, corn, tapioca, rice, sugar, molasses and rum, cotton, India, 
rubber, copaiba and other gums, sarsaparilla, balsam, resins, 
drugs, woods of all kinds, haricots, nullet, manioc, tobacco, 
pimento, fruits of every kind, including dates ; yerba mat^, saffron, 
etc: But the great staple of the country is coffee. The best o( 
machinery is used on the large coffee estates for cleaning and pre- 
paring the berry. But the implements used for cultivating the 
soil are of the most simple character. Cotton was at one time a^ 
staple, but the southern states of the American union, possessing a 
more suitable soil, proved a rival who became master of the field.. 
H(»ned cattle and horses abound in the plains of the interior. 

The number of cattle in Brazil in 1876 was estimated at 20,000,000, and their 
▼alno at 1113,600,000. When Brazil became free to send her produce to other 
markets than Portugal, the cultivation of cofibe, sugar and cotton grew 
rapidly. Brazilian sugar competed with that of the West Indies and supplied 
apprtlon of Europe, though prohibited in England because it was produced 
by bHkvo labor. Congee increased enormously from year to year. Some is 
grown in tho north, but most of it is the production of the central portion* 
of tbo empire, Kio do Janeiro and Sao Faulo. Most of the cultivation on 
faims In Brazil is done with the hoe, an implement weighing only two 
poniidB, and others of the weight of five pounds. Some are of steel and some 
of iioiL Probably 600,000 hoes are imported and disposed of annually in Bio. 
de. Janeiro; the upper part of the hoe is usually painted green or some oth^ 
fttBtcy color; some are even gilded. These hoes are mostly supplied fronk 
Sn^nod. Ploughs are as yet of little use in Brazil. Probably not more thaih 
2400^ Me annually sold in Rio. A good brcaking-plougfh retal^ at |2ft 
to Mr and a common one, such as would b i worked with one yoke of oxe^^ 
at flOto 112 each; the latter plough has the preference. 



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26 SPANIBH-AMEBICAK HAXVAL, 

The Argentine Bepublic has a great tariety of soil, and it is fieaj. 
prodactive, except in the soaf^em plains. The pampaean plalna 
are well 8upj)liea with water from numerous streams, large and 
small, for irrigation, which renders tliem very rich in pastbsge^' 
Specially in the region southwest of the Parand. . In the provinces 
bordering on the great rivers the earlier and the later rains can al- 
ways be counted on. But in the interior provinces the rainfall is 
scanty, except in winter; the fields must therefore depend on irri- 
gation. 

Dense forests, where timber is unavailable at present because of 
their great distance from the s^ cover the east flank of the Andes,, 
and the banks of the western affluents of the Paraguay. The trees 
are mostly of the mimosa family. 

The following are amon^ the natural products : The algarroba, 
whose fruit the Indians mix with maize and make a kind of bread ; 
by fermentation an intoxicating liqugr is produced. In Salta the 
cmchona, a variety of palms, and yerba mat^ are indigenous. In 
Salta and Santiago the cactus foliosus grows enormously. Aloes 
abound ; and plenty of coca grows in Salta. Indigo is wild in Corri- 
entes, as well as a shrub which feeds the clavillo insect, famous for 
the green dye it provides. 

The republic x)osses8es great possibilities for fruit-growing. There' 
is no fnut, whether it be tropical, sub-tropical, or of the temperate 
zone, that it cannot and does not produce. 

The wine-making industry has already a firm foothold. Large 
amounts of capital are invested therein through the provinces of 
Mendoza, San Juan, Hioja, and C6rdoba. The product of Mendo- 
za and San Juan is ordinary red and white table wines, somewhat 
sweeter than the French , but with much greater body. There is a 
wine from C6rdoba very similar to Spanish sherry. 

The valleys of the Andes, where the vine is most carefully cul- 
tivated range in altitude from 3,000 to 4,000 feet above the level of 
the sea. ifie best vines are probably those of the Famatina valley, 
and the hill sides of Arauco, at an average altitude of 3,500 feet, 
and ranging between 28 " and 29 " latitude south. On the hill sides 
of Calchaqui a very fair article of strong, red wine is produced at 
an altitude of about G,000 feet, but lacks the softness and bouquet 
of that from La Biola. 

There are several extensive producers in Mendoza, San Juan, 
Rioja, and C6rdoba who have large wine cellars, and thoroughly 

Erepare their wines for market. During recent years these wines 
ave found their way to Buenos Aires ; their quality is so sui)erior 
to the ordinary wines brought from France and Spain that they 
find a ready sale at remunerative prices. Owing to the excessive 
freights the wines of those provinces must pay for overland carrii^,; 
the foreign wines can still be sold at lower rates, even after paying 
a duty of 43 per cent. Ihe same may be said of brandy made in 
the interioi*, the quantity of which is growing yearly. The brandy 
is of good quality, and in the interior provinces is preferred to the 
fbreign importation. With greater improvements m the manufiac- 
ture and cheap freights the Argentina Republic will take a i)Osition 
among the foremost wine-producing counties. _ ^ '■ 



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AOBIOULTUBAIi SB80UBCBB. 7t 

Catamarca in 1^1 yielded 1,200,000 jraUons, worth |108,000. In 1882 San Juan 
produced 5^,186 gallons valued at fl,107,275. This wine competed f ayorsblT 
wltb similar growths from Spain and Italy. The importation of wines, nov 
withstanding the increase of domestio production, rose in 1884 to |8,2&9.816; of 
spirits to 12,853,825, and of beer, to 1825,^7. 

The sugar industry was only partially developed toward the 
latter part of the year 1887. There was no export of the article ; 
indeea, the production was not sufficient to meet the home demand, 
and much su^ was imported from abroad. The government was 
fostering the mdustry, and under this protection it has been assum- 
ing the position of one of the permanent and growing industries. 
The production shows a large increase from year to year. 

Sugar-cane^^is cultivated in the provinces of Tucuman, Santiago del Estero' 
Gonientes. Tujuy, Catamarca, Salta, and territory of Chaco. Probably 
45,000 acres of land are devoted to the cultivation. The sugar produced in 
1885 was 47,000 tons, valued at |10,680,000. The entire production in all tha 
republic in 1857 was only 800 tons. The plant is perennial, and therefore, need 
not be planted annually. 

Cotton and red pepper are abundant in Catamarca, the Gran 
Chaco, and Misiones. The cotton is woven by hand-looms. 
Com, potatoes, and the several European cereals are produced in 
almost all the provinces. The wheat crops are enormous. The 
rice of Tucuman and Santiago is excellent. The low islands, which 
for fifty or sixty miles above Buenos Aires form the delta of the 
Parand river, are admirably adapted for rice. Tobacco grows 
everywhere. In Corrientes and Gran Chaco there are fine fields. 
Competent writers have said that Argentine tobacco will in a few 
years compete with that of the United States in quantity, and with 
that of the West Indies in quality. Nearly all the provinces yield 
maize and potatoes, as well as the different European cereals. 
But business in agricultural products does not compare with that 
in animal produce, as will be shown hereafter. 

The regions of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego have been care- 
fully explored, and proved to be very valuable possessions. 

An expedition of a few hardy Welshmen under Col. Fontana, governor of 
southern PatiM^onia, traversed over 3,C0O miles. The governor reported tha 
discovery of a most magrnlficent country, with great lakes, rich valleys, fine 
pastures, dense woods, and all the elements necessary lor the support of a 
large population, close upon the cordilleras, with passes quite accessible to 
the Pacific. He collected eleven kinds of timber, among them red cedar, 
white and red pine, two varieties of beech, and other woods suitable for cab- 
inet work. He found a profusion of cryptogams, mosses, lichens, and various 
mushrooms, two kinds of which turned out to be good and savory; and game, 
large and small, of great variety in immense quantities. South of the river 
Qallegos excellent pasture was discovered along the northern shores of the 
straitsjDf Magellan. In Tierra del Fuego several exploring expeditions dis- 
covered that not a little of this inliospitable wilderness has good pasturage, 
and rich valleys, already stocked with cattle by the natives. In 1886, regular 
lines of steamers were established from Buenos Aires to C&rmen de Patagones, 
and up the winding Kio Negro, as far westward almost as the cordilleras; the 
valley being already a succession of sheep and cattle estancias. 

The administration has lately abandoned the scheme of special 
government colonies ; but its agricultural department uses every 
effort to improve the varieties of grain grown in the coimtry, to 
promote viticulture, and to import the best breeds of live-stocK. 



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n 



aPANISH-AMEBICAN MANUAL 



Exports (kilogrammes) 



tVheat, 

Flour 

.Indian corn 

Bar)ey 

Baled hay... 

Xinseed 

Peanuts 

Potatoes 



1888 



60,754,677 
4,844,C85 

18,634,851 
177,909 

11,640,500 

28,161,736 
2,617,292 
1,882,606 



1884 



188S 



106.499.228 


78,493,892^ 


3,734,389 


7,447,077 


118,710,088 


197,859,612 


862,558 


2,1C9,C68 


11,846,071 


13.765,011 


83,991,€50 


• 69,426.104 


1,C92,665 


2,229,557 


810,839 


483,889 



Sugar, liquor, and wine are beginning to compete with the foreign artlclea; 
but the yield at homo is unequiUed, as yet, to the demand. Tno finance 
iftinister two years ago expressed the opinion that the country would not only 
Cieaso to import wine, sugar and rum, but have a surplus to export to other, 

'■ The modes and methods of cultivation have been, and are atiH:, 
Bpeciially in the interior provinces, exceedingly primitive, as it is in 
pretty much all Spanish America. Ihough it must be acknowledged, 
that in late years, notably in the riverine provinces, agriculture 
has undergone many changes for the better, which is due in some 
measure to the large foreign population which has settled in the 
provinces of Buenos Aires and Santa F^. Ihis part of the county, 
has been placed in the last 14 or 15 years far ahead of the interior 
in agricultural developments. Instead of sharpened sticks the 
very best steel ploughs from the United States, Belgium, and Ger- 
many are used, as well as the most approved machines for reaping 
and thrashing the wheat. I his is made evident by the constant in^ 
crease in the demand for such implements. In due time the 
interior provinces will follow the example xjf their riverine sistenu 
The total area under cultivation in 1887 was 6^ million acres, of which two 
million were under wheat, with a yield valued at 120,000,000. The total value 
of the agricultural products in 1887 was estimated at 170,000,003. The govern- 
ment owned in 1886, 126,125 square miles of public lands. Its pasture lands 
were valued at |388,000,0C0; the forest and mountain lands at 149,000.000; farm- 
ing lands at |GO,000,000; aggregating 1527,000,000. Keal cstato had risen. in 
value throughout the republic in 1884 to 1487,000,000, or 8£5per cent, over that 
of 1860; in the province of Buenos Aires to |301,i 00,000, or 584 per cent over 18^. 

The Argentine Republic possesses another great branch of wealth : 
that of her immense heros of cattle, sheep, horses, llamas, and 
alpacas, from the esquilmos of which are derived the staples of tha 
national export trade. 

The export duty on jerked beef having been removed, the slaughtedni; 
industry was greatly developed in 1884 and 1886. 



Products 


1884 


1885 


Dry hides * 


15.894,806 

2,923,602 

2,456,S97 

621,619 

84,133 

118,7:5 

2,150,228 


|7,5U,919 

4,488,204 

4.204,077 

782464 

80,485 

159,8:)6 

3.483,139 


Salted hides 


Jerked beef 


Bone and bone-ash 


Side cuttings 


Horns 


Tallow 




Total 


^4,249,686 


$20,716,214 



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AGBtOULTUBAL RB0OUBOX8. 2i> 

^ fn 188&*7 the derelopineiit was still greater. Frosen mutton oarcMaes ۥ 
tbOTAlne of (753^ were also ahlpped in 1885 to England and Italy: the 
btisiiiess has increased considerably since. At the time that the La Plata re- 
gion became independent, there were proprietors posseraing as many os 20,000 
DoAd of cattle. Thero were few dairy farms. The nnmber of animals at thai 
period cxcee$ted 17,000,000 of homed stock, 72,000,000 sheep, and about 8,500.000 
norses and mules. In later years tho quality of wool was greatly Improyed Ify 
tho introduction of Saxony sheep. Excessive floods in 1886 inundated a larf e 
portion of the province of Buenos Aires. This was followed by an enormous 
mortality in tho flocks and herds, from an unknown disease. Tho total losses 
from tho floods were set down at 5,000,000 mares and homed cattle, and 
12,500,000 sheep, valued at 117,900,000 ; while the losses from the epidemic were 
computed at 7,000,000 sheep, equal to 18,000,000 more, making a total of nearly 
pUfibOfiOO. Tho annual increase of sheep being estimated at20percent, allow- 
ing for tho animals slaughtered for food, the country at the end of 1886 must 
have had less sheep than the preceding year. According to the latest official 
estimate there were in the country 14,171,000 head of neat-cattle. 4,186,000 
horses, and 70,910,000 sheep, tho total value of which was set down at f^l,000,. 
000. These animals feed themselves, and live as best they may, entirely on 
tho natural grasses, which grow spontaneously. There is nodifiterence be- 
tween the frosts of winter and tho droughts of summer. It is a most excep- 
tipnal year when stock do not manage to "pull through" from one season to 
another. 

The soil of the oriental republic of Uruguay is exceedingly rich. 
The crops raised are very abundant, and consist of a vane^ of 
cereals, fruits and vegetables, sugar-cane, and cotton. The varied 
of trees for building and fine workmanship, and of medicinid and 
dye products is also very large. Among the medicinal are the 
poppy, wormwood, gentian, balsam, coriander, chamomile, liquor- 
ice, and sarsaparilla. The greatest wealth of the country, how- 
ever, is its pasturage, to feed its numerous herds of horses, sheep, 
and neat-cattle, the rearing of which is the chief industry of tii» 
Uruguayans. 

It is calculated that 500,000 acres of land were diverted In 1887 to tillage in 
Uruguay, and 44,500.000 acres are left for flocks and herds. The estimated 
annual average yield of wheat is 1,500,000 bushels. The farms are usually 
nnaU, from 20 to 200 acres. Manures are never used, and it would be difficult 
to procure any. Tho colonist farmers are from the Canary Islands and their 
descendants, or Italians and Swiss. The natives nearly always confine them- 
felves to cattle-breeding. The hand tools, such as hoes and grips, are of 
damsy Italian pattern and make ; harrows and ploughs, reapers and harvest- 
ed are from the United States ; hay-forks, shovels, threshing-machines, and 
steam-power of English make. American implements are much preferred, 
but considered too costly. Indeed, with the masses cheapness is a great 
. desideratum. A large portion of the farmers havo to turnover their crops to 
the storekeepers, who supplied them with cash and effiects during the winter. 
Tho farmem are, as a rule, frugal and temperate. The storekeepers sell the 
wheat in the corn-market for cash. They are said to deal fairly with the 
farmers. The pastoral establishments in 1885 were officially estimated to con- 
tafn 5,994,057 head of cattle, G84,967 horses, and 17,049,798 sheep. The wool is 
of tho finest quality. In 1886, 701,067 head of cattle were slaughtered for their 
hides and tallow, for manufacturing extract of beef, and beef preservcd.in tins. 

The soil throughout Paraguay is extremely fertile ; every species 
of vegetation is luxuriant. Much of the country is covered witti 
lorests. There are upwards of 50 kinds of excellent building tim- 
ber! some of which is as hard as iron, such ^ the lapacho, qoie- 
briihacha, etc., and others so heavy that they sink in water. 
Many of the woods are specially adapted for cabinet work. There 
i8 an abundance of medicmal, tanning, and dyeing plants. Copaiba, 
'^nabarb, eassaftas, jalap, sarsaparilla, nux vomica, dragon's mood, 
'tnMlliqQQrice abound. Of thecnmguaty, aparasite, ropes aadeablaa 



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80 BPANISH-AMKBICAN MANUAL. . 

are mieule. The giiembetaya bears a fruit reeembling and tastiiiff 
like Indian com, and commonly used by tbe natiyes for breao. 
India rubber, medicinal plants, and dye-stuffs are also among th^ 
natural products. The arrow-cane grass, very common along the 
banks oi rivers, is a seed resembling oats, excellent for fattening 
cattle. The yerbales covering some 3,000,000 acres of land far in 
the interior, were a great source of income to the Jesuits, who 
made it known in South America as a substitute for tea and coffee. 
The country also produces coffee, sugar, cotton, maize, rice, 
wheat, mandioca, and excellent tobacco. The tobacco of Paraguay 
is remarkable for fragrance and appearance as well as suitableness 
for making into cigars. It is ranked with Manila tobacco, but the 
growers do not know how to cure and prepare it properly for mar- 
ket ; hence its inferior price abroad. Cattle-raising is about t^e 
chief industry of the inhabitants. 

In 1882, S7,600,000 pounds of sugar were produced. Less than 158,100 acres 
of land were under cultivation in 1887. The agricultural products hardlj 
BuflSce for the needs of the people. Nearly three-fourths of the territory 
was national property, but in recent years most of it has been sold, a great 
portion in very large estates. The number of horned cattle existing in Para- 
guay is supposed to be 790,000 ; of sheep, 82,000 ; of horses, 62,000 ; of goats, 
11,000; and of swine, 12,000. 

Bolivia is well provided with rivers and streams for irrigation. 
Those which rise on the western slope of the Andes and flow into 
the Pacific, are inconsiderable as regards size and course, but they 
are useful for supplying a partial irrigation to the arid plains,whicn 
separate the Anaes from the Pacific ocean, while those originating 



separate the Anaes from the Pacific ocean, while those orig 

in the eastern declivity of the Andes are not only usedful as a 

means of irrigation, but possess great importance because of their 

connection with the large, navigable rivers, which flow into the 

Atiantic. 

The country has high table-lands, which are perfect granaries of 
wheat production, and a great deal of valuable timber. The low 
lands are covered with tropical forests and swamps — every variety 
of climate and several productive regions. The natural and cul- 
tivated products are like those of Perii. Cacao, sarsapariUa, 
vanilla, copaiba balsam, caoutchouc and a kind of cinnamon grow 
spontaneously. Cotton, rice, tobacco, indigo and drugs, among 
them the cinchona, also grow without much labor. Woods <h 
every description abound in the forests. The dried leaf of the coca 
(erythroxylon coca) is chewed by all classes. Over ten million 
pounds is said to be prepared annually. To the above mentioned 
productions must be added coffee, sugar-cane, and garden vegef- 
tables and fruits in the greatest luxuriance and plentimlness. 

The vast agricultural resources of Bolivia have been till within a few years 
in a dormant state for want of facilities for communication. More recentfy 
an attempt has been made to provide railways and good roads. India-rubber 
and coca are among her most valuable staples. The former is of the finest 
quality and inexhaustible. The quantity of coca obtained in the fiscal year 
1884-85 was valued at 11.718,330. The number of cinchona trees was officially 
estimated for that year at about five millions, and the quantity of bark ob- 
tained was set down at 200,000 pounds. 

Perd has a fertile soil well suited for farming and still moro.ao 
for rearing cattle and sheep. But the country placed her mainjue- 



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1 



AQBIOULTUaAL BBSOUBOBS. ^ 

nance on the accumulated excreta (gOBixo) of myriads of birds Ic^ 
an extensive foreign commerce. InuB it is that while a great por- 
tiQn of Euroi>e has been fertilized with that guano, Perd ues nearly 
wild and waste. Agricultural implements were disregarded; ti^e 
tillage was rude and scanty and imaccompanied with the use of 
manure. However, a small yield of cotton, sugar, and coffee still 
remained as a relic of the agricultural industry of the eighteenth 
century. In later years, guano having proved a great source of 
wealth, the inhabitants became inspired with a wish for improve- 
ment. The alpaca was bred for its wool and with the wool 
of the llama and the sheep formed next to guano valuable 
stajdes. The immense forests yielded cinchona, sarsaparilla, 
copaiba, caoutchouc, resin and gum, cedar, mahogany, several 
dye-woods ; cotton, rice, maize, pugar, tobacco, cochineal, etc, form 
less important items. 

The production of smgar in Peni has has been unfavorably affected by com- 
petition in foreign markets of tho article made from the beet root Yet the 
planters are obliged to keep their establishments in working order. The largo 
amounts expended in the purchase of improved machinery— trom three to 
four million dollars— would be imperilled by the suspension of labor; the plant 
would soon become unserviceable. Rice and tobacco are grown in considera- 
ble quantities in the northern departments, chiefly for home consumption. 
American rice mills of the most improved patterns are used in Chiclayo and 
elsewhere. Other cereals grow almost spontaneously, but owing to the diffl- 
enlties of transportation cauDot reach the coast. Hence the supply of wheat 
and barley comes from Chili. The cultivation of cotton has been almost 
abandoned. The planters had made n: uch progress in this branch during 
the sectional war in the United States; but after the war terminated the bmsi- 
ness was no longer remunerative. The wool business in the south has been 
oh the decrease. The estates in the north depend almost entirely on Chinese 
workmen for farm hands. The laborers, who were brought under contracts, 
ha^ worked out their time and are free. Some of them, induced by high 
wages^continue on the plantations, but the majority have setled in the large 
towns and become small shop or inn keepers. In late years many Chinamen 
have gone to Perd as free laborers. The few agricultural implements used 
are spades, hoes, scythes, sickles, etc., of English make. Asa rule the smaU 
farmers are too poor to incur the expense of buying costly implements from 
abroad. 

Only about 18 per cent, of Chilian soil is arable. The agricultu- 
ral zone, comprismg the region between the 33d and 42d parallels, 
contains the central valley, which is well-watered ; the rain- 
falls there are abundant, the soil is arable and very fertile. The 
regions of Coquimbo and Aconcagua are exceedingly productive. 
The former yields cereals and fine fruits, speciall^r figs and 
psLpea; and the latter, besides cereals and fruits, marjoram, and 
its pastures are excellent. Valparaiso is exceedingly rich, 
jdelding barley, beans, clover, fruits, wheat, and hemp; and San- 
tii^o supplies hops, lentils, oats, pepper, potatoes and tobacco. 
Cdchagua provides a large number of cattle, horses, and mules, 
and some grain. Valdivia is famous for its timber, and produces 
good cheese. 

Generally speaking, it can not be said that agriculture in Chili 
is receiving the attention that such an important industry deserves. 
It is true that some large estates, belongmg to rich owners, would 
in any country be called "model farms," but they form the ex;- 
ceptioa to the general rule. The Chilian farmer, speaking gener- 
ally, still Uses the old Impleinents and contrivances of the tim^ 



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*92 VPAjmk'AkEBicAS hakual. 

the SpaniardB first came to the country. There is hardly tanjim- 
provement. 

In the extreme eouth the wages of an agricultoral laborer do* not 
exceed ten cents a day ; proceeoing northward thc]^ rise till they 
reach thirty cents a day with rations, which consist almost ex- 
clusively of beans and coarse bread. 

statistics of 1884 give the annual production of Chill to be about 0^609,000 
hectolitres of wheat, 250,000 hectolitres of barley and other cereals, bcsiacaall 
vegetables and fruits of the temperate zone. For the year 1884 itself, they 
«et forth 5,812,219 hectolitres of wheat and 11,437,560 decalitres of wine. Statis- 
tics of 1887 give the annual production of wheat at iS.000,000 bushels of wheat 
and about 24,000,000 gallons of wine. About one million and a half of the 
population are engaged in agriculture. The cattlo increase is calculated «t 
400,000 head per annum, and of sheep and goats 1,000,000. , 

: l^e vegetation of the island of Hayti is tropical, except in the 
most elevated portions. It is surpassed nowhere for luxuriaooe 
and beauty. The mountains are covered with forests containing 
pine, mahogany, ebony, fustic, satin-wood, and lignum vitse ; oak, 
wax-palm, dividivi, and other woods which aro suit'ablo for cabinet 
work ; the queenly palma real grows finely in the lowlands. The 
tropical esculents, grains, and fruits grow everywhere. Among 
the £ruits are the melon, bread-fruit, mango, caimite, pine-a{>ple, 
orange, almond, apple, grape, mulb3iry, ^f^y etc. A species of 
agaye, which is very plentiful, furnishes tho fibres of which all the 
rope used in the country is made. The western, or French end, 
hais always been the best cultivated. Tho articles produced, 
'especially for export* are coffee, cotton, cacao, susar-cane, indigo, 
'pimento, and tobacco. The eastern, or Spanish end, however, 
: enjoying all the advantages of the other, is not very far backward 

• in availing itself of them. Coffee, sugar-cane, tobacco, and cacao 
of excellent quality are cultivated; large sugar plantations and 

i factories are in full operation in the south and west parts of the 
» republic. 

Agriculture in Ha3rti is in a very rudimentary stage ; the natives 

persist in working on the same system existing in the times of the 
.<Ad French domination; the hoe, the machete, and the indigo 

knife are the sole agricultural imjplements in use. The country 

• offers a field for American enterprise to introduce improved agri- 
cultural implements, specially those adaptable to mountainous 
regions. 

Aliens are not allowed to own real estate in Hayti. Consequent^ 
there is no inducement for foreign ca|)ital to engage in agri^ultmre 
in the country, and large tracts of rich farming land remain un- 
tilled. The government introduced a few improved farming im- 
plements, and some fine banana plants, but those efforts were 
unappreciated. The country needs muscle and indefotigable enter- 
prise. 

The importance of cultivating several staples for export is seen in the re- 
duced price of tho only staple. Coffee was worth |14 to fl6 per quintal in the 
first years of this decade; in the last six months of 1885, and first six months 
6f 1886 the price went down, ranging from (5.Q0 the lowest to ^7.25 tho hl^h- 
^est ; and at the end of September, 1886, it was $6.60 to |6. Tho countryfor 
-•eveii or eight years suffered from severe drought. But since December^ IMft, 
4uri3ig the Bo-ealled dry season, rain fell in atmndauce. ftmail orop»of oefliM 
^eiriilted from the drought, and afterwiu;^ the beaVy rainfl beat off tho bloasOma. 



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I 



ACTBICULTUBAL BBSOUfiCBS. ^ 

y of beizies. Sugar-cane grows i^z- 
lanufactured Into sogar ; the lirop 
t it is turned into taffia, valued at 8^ 

the natives. Mflny planters have 
he prevalent low prices, and turned 
)re lucrative. Havtiencoffbeiscom- 
9 of excellent quality and compara- 
Lgainst it, because it is often imper- 
nrith it sand and gravel to increase 
It fifteen years of the 18th century 
860 the yearly average was 45,000,000, 
bough always extensively cultivated, 
the revolution the yield was 7,200,000 
a. 1858, it had dwindled down to about 
3d States the yield reached 5,000,000 

civil war reduced it to 2,000,000 ; but 
1871-2 to about four and a qnattOT 

The country has a large variety of wild anlmalB, descended from 
those introduced from Europe, such as neat-cattle, swine, and 
do^i. The cattle of hundreds of owners graze in herds ; they are 
as m other catle-breeding countries annually rounded up, counted, 
and the young branded. The country has many other valuable 
animals, such as the iguana, whose meat is highly appreciated by 
many as very palatable; manatees or sea-cows are numerous; 
Idroes, very large lobsters, oysters, and crabs abound on the coasts. 
Cuba has several rivers, but most usually depends on the rain- 
faM. The forests of the island are extensive aud very dense. It is 
ca|(^ated that there are about 20 million acres of land uncultivated, 
of which 13 millions are uncleared forests. Mahogany and other 
bani woods, such as ebony, cedar, granadillo, etc., are indigenous^ 
■^ royal palm is found in all its beauty throughout the island, 
«ially in the western part. The fruits of Cuba are those com^ 
I to thiB tropics, inclucung the pine-apple, orange ; the varieties 
of the plantain family being the most esteemed. The sweet potato, 
yams, and 3rucca (both sweet and bitter) are common. Indian 
com is indigenous. But the chief agricultural products are the 
sugar-cane, coffee, and tobacco. 

The farming interests of Cuba early in 1886 were : 1200 plautatiuns of sugar, 
whose crops which came to market that year amounted to 750,000 tons ; 5,000 
tobacco farms ; 160 coffee estates ; 25 cacao estates ; 5,000 stock farms ; 17.000 
truck and other farms. 

The soil of Porto Rico is very rich and productive. In the moun- 
tains it is red clay colored with peroxide of iron ; in the valleys 
black and less compact ; on the coasts sandy, but which may be 
eidtivated. The pasture lands in the north and east have been 
considered superior to those of the other Antilles. Many sm^U 
streams from the mountains contribute to enrich the soil. The 
natural products are varied and valuable, consisting of woods for 
building and fine cabinet work; there are also dye-woods, and 
many plants valuable in the arts and in pharmacy. The tropical 
fniits, vegetables, and edible roots are found in abundance, and 
of Jtbe finest quality. Sugai>cane, coffee, tobacco, cotton, rice, and 
jUMze figur^ among the cultivated products. It is said that there 
4iliB|ore sug^r obtained from a given area of cane than in other of 
■0m .West Iiidia islands. Most of the agriculture is in the hands d 
J^lMlMiatives of the island. 



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SPAMIBH-AMBBICAN MANUAL. 



Tbe quantitf of sugar produced by Cuba and Porto Bioo in the _^.„_ . 

105-86 was OSSMNW metric tons. The yearly product of tobaooo in IMbnte 
about 800,000 bales. 



The resomroes oi the United States can beat be stown id 
taMee. 

Aarloultural Property te 1880* 

No. of acres of land under cultiTatioB.....»...»JHI9,809,179 
Value of farms. «.. ...410,197,09«,77« 

Frteetpal Cereal, Cotton, and Tobaeeo Prodaetioas of tko Vsilted 
States of America. 1880* 

Indian Com ^ ...^,754,861,585 Bushels 

Wheat....... « « 469,479,506 " 

Oata .407,858,999 " 

Barley ^ «. 44418,496 " 

Rye ; 19,881,605 " 

Buckwheat. 11,817,827 " . , 



lite production ci the same six cereals at the three pieoeding 
oanBoses was as fdlows : 



Census 


Indian 
Com 


Wheat 


Oats 


Bariey 


Bye 


Buck- 

Wheat 

Bush. 
8.966,912 
17.571,816 
9.821.721 


1860 

1860 

VOO. 


Bush. 
592,071,104 
888,792.742 
760.944.548 


BuBh. 
100,485.944 
178404,924 
287,745,626 


Bush. 
146,584.179 
172,643.185 
282,107.157 


Bush. 

5,167,016 
16,825,808 
29.761.805 


Bush. 
14,188.818 
21,101,880 
16.918,795 



Aavreaate of Some I<eadina Fann Prodttota* ISSO. 

Hay 85,205,712 Tons 

Hops « 26,546,880 Pounds 

Bice 110,181,8;8 Pounds 

Potatoes.. 169,458,689 Bushels 

Milk « ..580.129.755 OaUons 

Butter 777,260,287 Pounds 

Cheese 27.272,489 Pounds 



The following are the returns of the cereal crops of the Umled 
States for the years 1882-86 : 



Years 


Acres 


Bushels 


Value 


1882 
1888 
1881 
1886 
1886 


126,568.685 
180,688.556 
186,292,766 
18o376,060 
141.859,656 


2.699.894.496 
2.629.819,089 
2,992380,000 
8,015,439,000 
2,842,579.000 


Dollars 
1,468,938,900 
1,280,765,927 
1,184,811.520 
1,143,116.759 
1,162,161,910 






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▲OBICULTUBAL RB80UBCS8. 



35 



The aroM and pcodooe ol the YmriooB cereal crops tw t8S5 aad 
I1886 aie spedfied in the sab jdned tabled : 



1895. 



Com 

Wlieiit 

Oati.. 


Acres 


Bushels 


Value 


78430060 
84480.M6 
28.788,680 
2,12MQ1 
2.729,880 
914.894 


1,986470,000 

029,409.000 
21,766»000 
68^800,000 
12,026.000 


Dollars 
685,074.€30 
276,820.800 
179,68MG0 


Bye ^ 

Barley — .^. 
Buckwheat.. 

TWal — 


185,876.060 


8,016.489,000 


1.148.146.769 



i8S8 



Com 

Wheat « 

Oats 


■ 


Bushels 


Value 


76.072,768 

«r,836,188 

26,9984282 

2,080.860 

2,697.070 

916,667 


1,987,790.000 
416,868,000 
701,786,000 
22,884,000 
68,000,000 
11^,000 


1677,661.680 
886.248,000 
196,424,240 
14,7«6,200 
31,900,000 
7,480,000 


Rye 

Barley.. 



Id the same year 196,000.000 bushels ol potatoes and 46,000,000 tons of hay. 

The aiea tinder tobacco in 1877 was 745,000 acres, and the crop 
580,000,000 pounds, valued at $40,600,000; in 1884 the area was 
724,668 acres— crop, 541,504,000 pounds, valued at $44,160,151 ; iii 
1888 the acreage was 750,000, the crop 560,000,000 pounds, and the 
value $41,962,500, of this about 45.5 per cent, is exported. The 
quantitj produced in 1886 was 485,000,000 pounds. In 1882 the 
total area under cotton was 16,276,691 acres, estimated to yield 
6,957,000 l^les; in 1885 the acreage was 18,300,865, the yield 
6^75,300 b^lea, valued at $269,989,812. The acreage in 1888 was 
18J571,400,.and the quantity produced was 6,500,000 bales. 

The following table exhibits the number of livestock at the two 
census yeatB 1870 and 1880, and in 1889 : 



Horses - 

Mules 


1870 


1880 


1889 


8,248,800 
1.179,600 
25,484,100 
40,868,000 
26,751,400 


11,201,800 
1,729,600 
33,268,000 
40,766,900 
34,084,100 


18,668,294 
2,257,674 
60,881,042 
42,699,079 
60,801,692 


CattleofaU kinds.. 

Shoep „.. 

Swine 





^Ttie total value of farm animals in the United States, in 1889 



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3{$ 8PANI8B-AHBIUCAN MANUAL. 

$2^fip7,Q^,0£»8. "^e area devoted excluEdvely to the rearing ,Qt 
caraeifteasiires 1,365,000 square miles. While the prodticflOT"M 
butter as a farm product increased from 514,092,683 pounds inlSTO 
to 777,250,287 pounds in 1880, that of cheese decreased from 103,- 
663,927 ^unds in 1860 to 53,492,153 pounds in 1870, and 27,272,489 
pounds m 1880. Ihere were besides, however, 171,750,495 pOcuids 
of cheese produced as a manufacture in 1880, and 16,471,163 ptmndft 
of butter. ' 

ProdQctlou of Corn and Wheat In the United States In lfS7* 

Com, 1,456,161.009 bushels; value, |M6,106,770 
Wheat, 456.329,000 " " 810.912,960 



Quantities, Acres, and Value of JLeadini; Crops in the Ufaltoil 
States In 1884-1887. 



Wool production and consumption in the United States from 1852 to 1886: 
Total production In pounds, 6,055.750,600. 

Cotton cultivation in the United States has reached almost astounding 
proportions. Prior to 1703 the production was unimportant because of the 
difficulty of removing the seed. But when Whitney invented the saw-gin the= 
American produce of the fibre overshadowed that of the rest of the world. 
ttwiMimiisQ of production grew enormouriy, finding ready mtrJ^ttv^jMMr* 
ever, both abroad and at home. 



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AamCULTURAL BBS0URCE8. 
SuiTAi^ Product of IiOuUiana, 1883-1886. 



37 



Yeai» 


Hogsheads 


Years 


Hogsheads 


Years 


Hogsheads 


Yean 


Hogslird 


1823 


80,000 


1840 




1855 


281,427 


1871 


ia,46i 


18S4 


82,000 


1841 




1856 


78,296 


1872 


108/»0 


1825 


80,000 


1842 




1857 


279,697 


1878 


89,4»8 


1826 


45,000 


1843 




1858 


862,296 


1874 


116,867 


l»ti7 


71,000 


1844 




1859 


221,840 


1875 


144^ 


1828 


88,000 


1845 




I860 


228,758 


1876 


169,881 


1829 


48,000 


1846 




1861 


459,410 


1977 


127,788 


1832 


70,000 


1847 




1863 


76,801 


1878 


213,281 


1888 


75,000 


1848 




1864 


10,887 


1879 


169.072 


1884 


100,000 


1849 




1865 


18,070 


1880 


218,814 


1835 


80000 


1950 




1866 


41,000 


1881 


122,M2 


1838 


70,000 


1851 




1867 


87,647 


1882 


241,220 


1837 


66,000 


1852 




1868 


84,256 


1883 


221,516 


1888 


70,000- 


1853 




1869 


87,090 


1884 


170,481 


1889 


115,000 


1854 




1870 


144,881 


1885 
1886 


281,200 
143,068 



The average weight of the hogshead is reckoned at 1,137 pounds net 



•flw sugar Industry has steadily grown on the Mississippi delta since 1B0S, 
wJkMn there were 81 sugar estates. The crop is important both in Louisiana 
fpa Texas. Cane is also grown in other gulf states, specially in Florida* ^d 
tott small extent in South Carolina, Tennessee, and Kentucky. In the more 
martkMTJk localities it is produced mainly to make sirup. 



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38 BPASlBBrAMXBlCAS MANUAL. 

OotloB Crop of the United States for 56 Toars. 

Yean Ending September 1 



Tew 


Bales 


Year 


Bales 


Year 


Bales 


Year 


Bales 


1829 




1848 


2 


1867 


2,989^19 


1872 


2,074351 


1880 




1844 


2 


1858 


Sll8,962 


1S73 


iSSSk 


1831 


V 


1843 


2 


1869 


8^1,481 


1874 


4,170,88» 


1832 




1846 


2 


1860 


4,669.770 


1875 




1838 


V 


1847 


1 


1861 


8,666»006 


1876 


4;S;288 


1884 


1.J 


1848 


2 


1862 


No record 


1877 


4«486^> 


1886 


li 


1849 


2 


to 


1878 


4,811,265 


1836 


15 


1850 


2 


1865 


1879 


5,078,681 


1837 


1^ 


1851 


2 


18C6 


2,198,987 


1880 


5,767,807 


1888 


V 


1852 


,8 


1867 


2,019,774 


1881 


6,669,829 


^ 


1^ 


1853 


'8 


1868 


2,688,€98 


1882 


6,436,845 


2,] 


1854 


2 


1869 


2,439,039 


1883 


6,092,284 


1841 


U 


1855 


2 


1870 


8,164,946 


1884 


^714,062 


1842 


V 


1856 


8 


1871 


4,852,817 


1885 
1886 
1887 


6,060,021 
6,650,215 
6,613«628 



NoTB.—The average net weight per bale is 440 lbs. 
Tobaeco Prodaction of the United States in 1880. 

Total acreage devoted to this industry — .....638,841 

Total production in pounds .472,661,160 

Tobaoeo Prodaetion of the United States in 1879. 

Acreage devoted to this industry... .....631,061 

Total production in pounds — 469,816,208 

Value of the crop 186.624,867 

Hie prodaction of wine and fruits in California has been of late yeais ar 
goming great proportions, leading to a well-founded belief that the State will 
at no ^stant day be a powerful competitor in supplying the markets of the 
world with wine and fruit 

The soil of the Bermudas is poor. The surface is a kind of red 
earth, generally mixed with vegetable matter and clear sand, 
/niere are no streams or wells^ and the inhabitants depend on the 
rainfall, collecting the water m tanks. About 1,000 acres of land 
may be called fertile, 1,000 fair, and 1.000 more, in favorable years, 
mif^t be cultivated. Nevertheless, the ^wth of vegetation is 
rapid. The Bermudas cedar, really a species of juniper, furnishes 
timber for small vessels ; mangrove abounds on the shores ; prickly 
pear grows luxuriantly, and so does sage-brush. Citron, soar 
orange* lemon, and lime grow wild. Esculent plants and roots are 
obtained in perfection, among them being onions, Irish potatoes, 
tomatoes, beet-root, melons, pumpkins, and arrow-root of most 
excellent quality. Some medicinal plants, such as the castor-bean, 
aloes, and jalap require no particular cultivation. Coffee, indigo, 
cotton, and to&cco also grow spontaneously. Almost all the cul- 
tivated products are sent to New York. A few neat-cattle and 
sheep are reared, but the inhabitants keep a considerable quantity 
of goats. 

Agriculture in the Bahamas can never become an industry of 
much importance, the soil, mostly thin and sandy, being unfavor- 
able to it. The productions of the colony are oranges, bananas, 
coicoa-nuts, pine-apples, sugar-cane, com, and vegetables, {fom- 
bers of sugar-mills have been established. There are large orange 



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MaaxcxTLTimxh rbbouboxs. 30 

CMPcbaids and pine-apple plantations; other products are colti- 
Tated in Bmall patches scattered where the soil will allow of pUnt- 
ing. Cotton and other fibrous plants flourish well, also tobacco. 
aro the castor-bean. There is abundance of cabinet, djre, and 
buUding woods in the forests. Some sheep of fair quahty, and 
some cattle and horses are reared ; but the extent of even pass- 
alAe grazing ground is very small. 

The simplest implements are used, namely, the hoe, spade. pick» 
rake, machete, and axe. With the axe and machete the uirmer 
clears away the brush and chaparral ; with the ^ick, spade and 
rf^e he loosens the soil between the rocks ; and with the hoe he 
cultivates the plant and keeps down the weeds. Only a smaJl por- 
tion of the population is engaged in tilling the soil. 

The coun^ is rich in marine resources, ui>on which the pros- 
perity of the people largely depends; the pursuits bein^ sponging, 
fishing, turtlmg, raking salt, gathering shells and hemes, cutting 
dye and cabinet woods, trading, and wrecking. 

There is hardly a tropical product to which the climate and soil of 
British Honduras are not adapted. In the forests and wilds are found 
cedar, rose-wood, bullet tree, fustic, lignum vit®, sapodilla, Santa 
Maria, iron-wood, red and white pine, India rubber, and gutta- 
percha trees, and the sarsaparilla, cochineal-cactus, agave or 
pita, indigo, and many other useful plants or shrura. The 
cocoa-nut flourishes, as does the cahoop palm, whose oil is ex- 
pected to bring increased prosperity to the colony, and the ground- 
nut, localljr known by the name of pinder {ar(u:his hypogea), whidh 
vields an oil equal to that of olives. There is excellent fodder for 
norses and cattle. The usual varieties of tropical fruits, cereals, 
and vegetables, plantains, maize, yams, vucca, cacao, cofiee, and 
tobacco are among the food supplies and luxuries of the people. 'Hie 
sugar-cane requires but little cultivation, and has been known to 
ratoon for over twenty jrears. Sugar is made in many parts of the 
4K)lony, about twenty mills being worked by steam, and four by 
animal power. Most of the sugar is consumed at home. Fruits 
«re cultivated and shipped to the New Orleans and New York 
markets. 

In 1886 there were nearly 16,000 acres of land under cultiyation. Land may 
JC>ettK>nght from the crown at from 4 to 8 shilUngf the acre, or leased at 10 
penoe per acre yearly. 

Jamaica's soil is not so fertile as that of the greater portion of 
the other Antilles. In the north, a chalky marl prevails, while to 
the west and south the so-called Jamaica mould predominates, 
aiialogous to the warm yellow mould of Cuba, which is so favor- 
able for the cultivation of the su^ar-cane. Wherever this soil 
exists, sugar plantations abound. The island is abundantly sup- 
. plied with fresh-water streams, except in the midland and western 
pai^, which are singularly barren. The forests contain ballata, 
^x)80-wood, satin-wood, mahogany, lignum vitse, ebony, logwood, 
fustic, cedar, and silk cotton-tree. Pimento, from which allspice is 
obtained, is indigenous; there is also bamboo, coffee, sugar-cane, 
IB^ao, maize, guinea-corn, and several kinds of palm, including the 
castor-bean ; among the tropical fruits the chief are oranges, snad- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



40 BPANIKH-AMERICAN MANUAL. 

dock, lime, pine-apple, man^o, banana, plantain, grapes, aliigstdt- 
pear, bxead-fruit, and tamarind. Cinchona, and good tobacce^ «iKd 
also successfully raised. On the hills are coltlvated En^^Ush 
vegetable^, and on the plains yams, yucca, ochra, beans, peatij and 
arrow-root. 

After the emancipation of the neno slaves, the lands of their former masteni 
were neglected. It was calculated that from 1838 to 1841, 653 iagar,aiid45( 
coflbe estates were abandoned, and the works suspended. The area under 
crops in 1878 was 131,457 acres; in guinea grass, 120,264; in pasture. 818,&4itLiqt 
wood, 1,217,506; leaving 942,184 acres of total extent not accounted for. The 
total acreage under cultivation in 1886 was 600,448, about 5,000. less than, in 
1885. The average sugar production annually may be set doipm at 91JB21«620 
pounds. Cattle farming yields considerable profit. 

The Turks and Caicos islands, dependencies of Jamaica, aro 
barren. , 

The group of the Leeward islands includes Antu^ua, Mofit- 
serrat, St. Christox>her, Anguilla, Virgin island and Dominica. 
The chief productions of Antigua are sugar, molasses, rum» 
andnine*apples, but much of the land has been allowed, to 
lie. idle in the hands of the older planters. Montserrat's cliief 
staple is sugar. Many sugar works have steam-engines, bulj 
there are still some fine estates relying on the windmill; a lew 
others have mills worked by animal power, and two or throa py 
water-power. Within ten years past lime-juice, raw and concen- 
trated, has become a stap]e for exportation. 

. In a good year the crop of sugar is about 2,600 hogsheads. Some 650 adiei 
are planted in lime trees. 

Sugar is the chief product of the islands of St. Ohristophw (ik 
St., Kitts) and Nevis. 

The sugar'crop of 1884 amounted to 15,760 hogsheads, the average annual 
yield being 13,000 tons in St. Kitts, and 3,619 hogsheads in Nevis. In thetatter 
nearly 6.000 acres are well cultivated. Nearly all the products of the tropica 
are cultivated in both islands. 

Anguilla produces cattle, sugar, cotton, mai^e, tobacco, and 
garden stock, which last finds a ready sale in St. Thomas. 
The island's other products are phosphate of lime and salt, whdchis 
obtained from a lake in the interior. « Barbuda, one of the leaser 
Antilles, situated among the Leeward group, is a little island ten 
miles long by eight broad; has a very fiat surface covered to a 
great extent with woods. A part of it is fertile and under cultlva- 
tiopy where cotton, com. sugar, tobacco, and indigo are groi#n. 
Hearing cattle is one of the principal occupations. 

Tlie Virgin islands make a small quantity of sugar. During the 
civil war in the United States, cotton, which grows luxuriantly, 
was planted. The peasants cultivate most of the land in small 
plots. They also raise a few cattle.' 

In Dominica, the land is very fertile ; sugar is the chief product ; 
but some fruit, cacao, coffee, indigo, arrow-root, and timber 
are also among the agricultural resources. The country abounds 
in rivers and rivulets, well stocked with fish, and there is abund- 
UQce of game. 

The annual fall of rain in the island of Trinidad is about W 
inches; the soil is fertile; the elevated parts are covered yfHH. 



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▲aBXCULTUKAL BB80UBCE8. 



4^ 



. foreets. The chief products are sugar-cane, coffoe, and 
>; cotton, indigo, tobacco, nutmegs, cinnamon, and cloves wS 
also raised. 

•Of the total area (esttmated at 1,12{M)00 acres) the attenated acreage is as Ufi- 
loirs9<Mtiyate<liii sogai^ane, 62,163 acres; cocoa and ooflbe, 25,188; ground 
fs tt tai oas, 18.068; coooariintK, 2,767; total in crop, 98,171; pasturage. 64242; ua> 
cultivated, 190.997; total alienated, 295,410 acres. The sugar prodaetien ia 
1886 was 61,495 hogsheads. 

Barbados island produces indigo, cotton-wool, ginger, aIoea» 
and several kinds of woods. It has the appearance of a f uU-culti- 
vtfed ^irden. Sugar, since the introduction of African slavery iu 
the 17th century, became a great staple of the island. 

In 1868 there were 368 sngar estates^ at the present time they exceed 6OO1 
l^oogh Tory small, Barbados is the largest producer of sugar, of the Britisli 
West indies. Every other industry has been abandoned, because of the 
oeoesflity of providingfor its large population. A male day laborer is paid 
WcJBDts per day, and a fejnale 15 cents; children 8 to 10 cents. The expense 
of living is 60 cents per week for the male, and 45 cents for the female; their 
food bdiig sweet pc^atoes, yams, rice, salt fish all the year round, fresh flsb 
during the season. During the crop season they get, besides, a small quanH(7 



^a«Lr«HB nuv ovoo^^u* j^ukauq vuv^sxr^ s7\/c»ixvu %.mm\,j ^vt-, waA««vo, i* oiaaoia «f «acko 

a**.OolaiooB every Saturday. Sugar is made of three kinds: vacuum-paajl 
ataMMarado oscillated, and muscovado common process. Of the first aoom 
44iv tens yearly. The output has been as follows: 



Tears Quantity 

MW. .53,800 hogsheads 

MW....: 37,848 • " 

1881.. ^...52,286 

1882. 59,934 " 

1888 57,851 

1884 67,085 

1886 72,461 

1886 50,637 

1887 72,000 " (estimated). 

The percentage of molasses is 60 to 75 gallons per ton of sugar, of the musco- 
vado common process. 

The group of the Windward islands consists of the islands of 
Gvenada, St.. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Tobago. 

Grenada is mountainous and abounds in streams. Between it 
and the island of St. Vincent are the smaller Grenadines, which 
are partly dependencies of St. Vincent, and partly of Grenada ; the 
largest of the latter is Carriacou. Grenada is very fertile, produc- 
ing fine cacao, spices and sugar, besides European vegetables, 
which grow freely. The cultivation of sugar does not progress 
mndi, but that of cacao makes rapid strides. Carriacou yields 
cotton, cacao, provisions, and live stock. Among the minor pro- 
ducts of Grenada are yams, arrow-root, and charcoal. 

St. Lucia has a productive soil. The mountains are covered witjh 
fine timber and dye-woods; the valleys are well watered. The 
chief staples of the island are sugar, cacao and spice. 

There is a central XJsine factory system for making sugar, which the 
eolonlal government established and has an interest lu. 

St. Vincent island has streams, which are small except wheii 
BwoUen by heavy rains. Its productions are sugar, rum, caqaoj 
tbices and excellent arrow-root; also cotton, ifte forests yield 
m'e woods. 

large portion of the cultivated acreage is owned by one firm, and the 
' " i «*»i|uat" on the unsunreyed. and unoccupied crown lands. 



4^'i 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



4S BPAWgH'AMBBTOAN MAHUAL. 

Tobago Ib quite productiye. Sugar, mdaaaeB, rum, fionomirti» 
and liye stock are its chief staples, though its minor produdioBa 
are numerous. 



The flnt ragar exported was piodiiee(tupon an estate litiiatecl on thr i 

ward Bide of the island, in 1770. In 1789 Only 8,000 hogsheads were shiMMdt ia 
1805 there were no less than 15,827 Jiogsheads exported. Cotton and laolft 
were at onetime among the products. 

The French islands of Guadeloupe, Martinique and their depend* 
encies are noted for their productiveness. 

The total area of the island of Guadeloupe under cultivation is 85,260 mumi 
1,932 acres were cattle farms ; 80,640 acres of savannahs ; 106,2S8 acres of wood! and 
forests: 69,689 acres were fallow. To sugar-cane, the staple of the island, 
were given 48,711 acres, to cacao 1,146, to racou or auatto 1,6^; to tobacco StW 
acres. One of the chief sources of food of the island, manioc, occupied UJOm 
acres; other articles of direct consumption occupied 11,246. It was 
computed that 43,780 persons were occupied in the sugar plantations, 
6.760 in the coffee plantations, 604 in the cotton plantations, and 1,068 in 
the racou plantations. The total product was : sugar of all kinds, 679,800 owt : 
sirups and molasses, 668,826 gallons ; taffla or rum, 2)8,850 gallons. The ptodnos 
of coffee, cacao, and racou was resnectively 18,564. 2,102, and 10}663 cwts. Tlio 
cassava, or yucca, 282,412 cwts. ; and the other food substances, yams, M"t"W| 
arrow-root, etc., 118,340 cwts.; Campeachy wood, 4,542 cwts.; tobacco, vaBiila« 
and cloves were also produced in small quantities. The e8timiU>ed value of th^ 
whole was 15,671,130. 

The Danish West India islands are St. Thomas and St. CrcHx or 
Banta Cruz. Previous to the abolition of slavery, in 1848, ther* 
were many sugar ^lantatiens in St. Thomas; but now a few vega- 
tables, a httle frmt and some Guinea grass form the whcde prodne- 
tion. St. Croix is fertile ever3rwhere, exciting about 4,000 acres. 
One-third of the area is devoted to the cultivation of sugar cane, 
and one-sixth is pasture land; most of the remainder is either 
covered with worthless brushwood, or with scanty timber. . .. 

The sugar crops have been failing of late years, the result of diminished mliV' 
falls, which probably was caused by the destruction of the forests. Govemmtnt 
constructed in 1876 a central factory, to which the juice of the cane is cotaveyed 
through pipes from the several plantations. Santa Cruz rum fa consideivd a 
very superior article, some preferring it to other rums. 

The Dutch islands of Cura^oa and St. Eustache are productive. 
Oura^oa obtains fresh water only from rains or deep wells. Pio- 
visions have to be imported. Indigo, cotton and cacao, once cul- 
tivated, are now given up. Sugar, tobacco, maize, cochineal axe 
produced, and cattle, horses, asses, sheep and goats leared. The 
Jamarind, banana, cocoa palm, orange and various kinds of garden 
vegetables grow well. 

A peculiar variety of the orange, (citrus aurantium curassuvisensis), which 
grows abundantty, is the main ingredient of the celebrated liquor or conlial 
known as cura^oa. 

St. Eustace is covered with a wilderness of weeds. Besides yams 
the sugar-cane is cultivated, yielding about 30,000 pounds of 
sugar. 

The fertility of the soil of Guiana is unsurpassed anywhere in 
South America. One-half of the territory at least is covered by 
dense forests, containing almost every kind of useful wood fiw 
btdlding and cabinet work, as well as woods and plants for medicinal 
and manufacturing purposes. Almost all the intertropical Iruite 
are found in great abundance. The wild flowers are of^indescrili- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES. fl 

^nble (Q>lendor, among them being the Victoria regia. One-fourth 

?ot^Qbo country is devoted to agriculture, where maize, rice, yucca, 
yaniB, sweet potatoes, peppers and arrowroot are extensively culti- 
vated. The soil is well adapted for sugar-cane, coffee, and cotton ; 
tbbacco and indigo are likewise produced. The remaining foutth 

. <tf tibe territory comprises meadow plains covered with excellent 

pasture. 



Injnigar-cane. The ^el(fof that year \7as 140,000 hogsheads, the bulk of the 

JModuction being the hlgh-Kilass sugar known as Demerara crystals. Theie were 
ikewlse 2,553 acres of plantain cultivation. The coolies from the East Indies 
are growing rice extensively behind the sugar estates. 

The natural products of the French i>ortion of Guiana, also known 
as Cayenne, are numerous. Valuable trees abound, including the 
black cedar. Among the palms are the cocoa-palm, the oil-palm 
of Africa and the date-palm. Caoutchouc is common in the con- 
.tested territory of the south. Medicinal plants and trees exist also. 
The chief staple of food is manioc ; rice was cultivated to some 
extent ; also maize, yams, arrow-root, plantains, bananas ; the bread 
fruit is likewise known there. Guiana cacao is excellent. Cofifee 
has been extensively grown since 1716. Vanilla is one of ti^e 
common wild plants of the country. The clove and cinnamon 
trees have been acclimatized. The cultivation of the pepper, nut- 
meg, and cinnamon has been neglected. Among the productionH 
are also found annate, sugar, cacao, indigo, pepper, and tobacco. 

The forests of Dutch Guiana or Surinam abound in timber and 
cabinet-wood. Lack of labor and cost of transportation to the 93» 
have precluded their utilization. 

Besides the plantain, which is the poor man's staple of food, tho 
country produces maize, sugar-cane, sorghum, coffee, cacao, edible 
roots, gumbo, and other articles of food ; also cotton. 

The average annual proportion of cereals in Europe is estimated at 5,153,- 
808X00 bushels, about one-third being assigned to Russia; nearly 15 per cent 
to Germany; nearlvl4per cent to France; over 11 per cent to Austna-Huu- 
gary. . Europe produces a little over 17 bushels per capita of her population 
Calculating the average consumption for food, seed, and various manufactures. 



gary. . Europe produces a little over 17 bushels per capita of her population 
Calculating the average consumption for food, seed, and various manufactures, 
iBorope produces about sufficient to cover her needs, except In wheat and 
some other breadstuff^, which must be supplied by Importation. The indufi- 
trial plants— colza, flax, hemp, sugar-beet, hops and tobacco are grown in con- 
liderable quantity in coinitries where a varied: culture is pursued. Spain, Italy, 
add France produce more wheat than any other grain. Finland, Switzerland, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



8FANI8H-AMEBICAN MANUAL. 

,? DTOduce axreat deal of rye: Ireland. Htuunur. ana Nortii ae 

oato; Buflsla 



and Cfermany produce a great deal of rye; Ireland, Hnngary. and North OenaiAnr 
' k leads in l)arley , followed at a distance by Great Britain, Prasna am 



others. Indian com holds the first place in Bonmania, Seryia and PoftOMO. 
Buckwheat does not count for much, except in Holland and France. Oa^.is 
the leading crop of Europe, and next come wheat and rye. Irish potatoes |tfe 
produced ill Tiurlous counmes, Ireland leading them all, with 28 t>U8he]s per 
nead of the population. The number of domestic animals existing iviM 
European States is given as follows for 1876: 81,578,668 horses; 4,136,081 ass^Md 
mules; 89,678,248 neat-cattle; 194,026.236 sheep: 42,686^93 swine; 16,981,084 goats. 
Total, 879.031,705. Bussia, Denmark, Finland, and Hungary have the greatest 
number of horses; Ireland, Denmark. Bavaria, Finland, Norway, and Wmlev- 
^rg of neat-cattle; Spain, Great Britain, Boumania, Denmark, Hungarir^ aod 
Norway of sheep; Hungary, Spain, Denmark, and the German duchiMM^ 
•wine; Greece heads all the others in goats, followed at a long distance tyy 
Spain, and Portugal next. 



MINERAL BESOUROES. 

,t ■. 

It is safe to affirm that the mineral wealth of Mexico is greater tbafi 
that of any other comitry, without excepting Perd or fi>livia ; aiMi 
that there is good reason for the belief that there are richer midis- 
covered deposits remaining than any which have thns far been 
brought to h^t. The mountains in the extreme south-east copialh 
extensive vems of silver, copper, and lead. Oajaca possessea » 
weadth of precious mettds in ner central table-land. The Cerro 
del Mercado is one vast mass of iron. ,. ., 

The Nahuas or Aztecs were acquainted with gold, silver, copf^r, 
tin, and lead. The latter is merely mentioned, nothing b^ing 
known as to where they procured it, or to what uses it was put. 
Our information on the manner they obtained any of the metats 
is very meagre. It is known that gold was brought to the vaUey 
of An^uac from the southern provinces ; that silver and tin were 
obtained in the mines of Taxco and Tzompanco ; that copper can^e 
from the mountains of ZacatoUan. the province of the Cohuixcas, 
and from Michoa(!dn. In certain re gions were found on the surface 
of the ]p)und gold nuggets and masses of native copper. Gold 
was mainly taken, however, by divers from the beds of rivers^ It 
was kept either in the form of dust, in small tubes or quills, or cast 
into small bars after being melted in small pots with the aid of 
hollow bamboo blow-pipes, made to answer for bellows. These 
metals were also obtained from the solid rock, to which end exten- 
sive galleries were opened. In their time silver was more scarce 
than gold. Quicksilver, sulphur, alum, ochre, and other minerals 
were collected to some extent, and applied to various purpoeies, 
one of them being the preparation of colors. It is a well e9tab- 
lished fact that, previous to the Spanish conquest, the Aztecs were 
ignorant of the uses of iron, though the metal was abundant. 

The Spaniards opened mines m Mexico as early as 1526, and 
worked them till 1700 to some extent. The discovery of tli^e 
famous lodes of San LuisPotosi and Zacatecas, and later of Pa- 
chuca, Guanajuato, and others, wrought a complete change. The 
government, while desirous of developing this industry, hindered 
it by means of restrictive ordinances, with the object of sepwmg 
the crown's share. Miners were obliged to barter their metal tor 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MDIBBAL RESOURCES. 45 

ey c<»iied in the dty of Mexico; restrictions were placed on 
^q^oitation <^ the scanty deposits of cinnabar, while the crown 
ped the exdosive right of selling quicksilver. 

silver, Mexico has until receiitly produced more than any 

ottier country in the north. She eclipsed her South American 
' '^ >l^ giving to the world the grand process of amalgamatiog 
I quicksilver, which was discovered by a miner of Pachuca 

it the middle of the 16th century. The largest development 

in ttimng took place in the second half of the 18th century. The 
result of the creation of the Junta de Mineria was an increase of 25 
pttcent. in the production ; at the commencement of the present 
crifttarythe average yield was of $23,003,000 a year, agaiost less 
thift $10,000,000 in the years preceding 1750, somewhat less than 
#,000,000 a year prior to 1700, and $2,000,000 in the latter part of 
the 10th century; while the whole 3rield before 1548 had only 
readied $1,500,000, most of which consisted of presents and 
trilmtes. Somethiug should also be added for metal used in man* 
xlkttbanB, or smuggled out. The increase spoken of resulted from 
H'deerease in the price of quicksilver, and from a somewhat nraie 
literal c^onial pmicy, which had its recompense in an increment 
cf receipts, readiing in the period from 1765 to 1789, $43,641,000. 
The ciu^ districts were Guanajuato, Catimse, and Zacatecas. 
The product of the first-named in the 18th centurv, and down to 
18^, was represented in 87,290,617 marks of silver, and 88444 
marks of gold, valued at $318,935,000; of which the Valenciana 
mines yidded in 1771 as much as $2,500,000 ; Catorce gave from 
M9*ial810, $4,000,000 yearly; and the whole intendenda of Sau 
Luis Potosf, to which it belonged, 92,736,294 marks of silver from 
1556 to 17te, representing $788,258,000 ; Zacatecas produced from 
1553 to 1732, $832,232,000; and in 1$08 equalled Guanajuato, the 
Veta Negra alone yieldiug 700,000 marks of silver in half a dozen 
months. The war for Independence destroyed the mininur 



The pToduction fell from 127,000,000 to |5,000.000. The mines were finally 
«MiB4onea, and aUowed to flU with water, or to cave in. They were prett.f 
onwh In the hands of hu9eone$ or gambutinos throughout that period. 

After the organization of the republic inducements were offered 
to .foreign capitalists to revive it; but lack of exx)erience on the 
n^ of several men who embarked in the business, together with a 
nse in the price of quickedlver, the expulsion of Spaniards, and the 
pcorqidous effects of mtemecine troubles, repeated changes of rulers* 
aind forced loans, counteracted judicious l^islative measures. 

Theeflbrts of the several companies engaged in this herculean task lasted 
from 1821 for about ten years, with heavy loss to the stockholders, mainly due 
tbiadk of transporting facilities. The most prominent of these oompaolea 



^ • Real del Monte, with a capital invested of .42,000,000 

Anglo-Mexican, ** ;• |* «.. 750,M0 

United Mexican " '* " 

Metieaii, " " " 



«* « «» „,. SOOlOOO 

mherf^d, • " " 687,760 

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4f» 8rANI8H-AMEBICAN MANUAL. 

There was but a small Increase in the production during the first . 
three decades of the republican ^vemment. Indeed, the country ' 
went through many sad experiences and vicissitudes, which re- 
tarded its general prosperity. 

The yield from 1828 to 1852 has been reckoned by the itatiftiof of the Mfaitt : 
«t |401,00a,000; Zacatecas leading with|12IMX)0,000» followed by Gnanajuato and 
Mexico with 190,000,000 and 160,000,000 respectlTely. SanLniaPotoSTDtvaaso,' 
and Jalisco came next with from 125,000,000 to|19/XXMNX>. The total mtghi^ 
fairly be augmented with at least $2,000,000 yearly which escai^ed' 
registration. 

The state of Chihuahua is noted for its silver mines, many ol 
them rich in virgin ore, onl^ partially worked. In late years much . 
American capital has been invested there in mining. Formerly; 
the crudest methods only were employed, but recently improved 
American machinery has been introduced and the annual ou^Nit 
has been greatly augmented. The business is still in its infancy, 
but gives signs of soon attaining to large proportions. 

The great argentiferous wealm of Mexico is not derived so much 
from the quality of the silver ore as from the prodigious abundance 
of it. The ore is generally of low grade— three to twelve marks lor 
every twenty quintals. Argentiferous lead ores exist in great quan- . 
tities throughout tiie country, and especially in Son<Mra. In that 
slate from 1875 to the present time it is found that the ore most 
be transported a distance of ninety miles, costing at least $20 
perton. 

One hundred tons of ore, merely for transportation to the reduction works, ' 
fuel, and labor, and necessarily requiring 20 kilns, entailed in 1875 the foUowtiig 
expense: 

Transportation $2,000 

PueL 2,800 

Labor ««. ,^ €0 

Total , .$4,860 ''; 

Adding cost of reduction, general expenses, etc., the ore at 6 marks per heap- 
WOBld scarcely cover expenses. At present, with new aimliances, including 
the Fllta oven, the whole expense on 100 tons of ore is only $97.20, or a saving 
as compared with 1875 of S4,2S230. Thus science has converted a mineral (Us- 
trict which formerly could not be worked because its ores were low gradet 
into one yielding great wealth. The low price of silver has been compensated 
by the great diminution in the cost of production. 

There are many abandoned mineral lands whose yield is only 
three marks. The drawbacks in Chihuahua are lack of capital' 
and excessive taxation ; in Guanajuato excessive taxation ; in Za- 
culpam, want of capital ; in Catorce, heavy taxation and want of 
communication ; in Sinaloa, want of capital ; in Sonora, district of • 
Altar, want of capital— work with foreign capital suspended be- 
cause of hindrances by the custom-houses; Sonora, district of 
Guaimas, want of laborers, owing to the Yaqui war ; Sono^a^i 
Hermosillo, want of capital, heavy taxation ; Zacatecas, Mazapil,' 
want of capital and of suitable methods of exploitation; Zaca- 
tecas, Nieves, and Villanueva, want of capital and excessive 
burdens. It is not the depreciation of silver which affects the 
mining industry ; it is the want of capital and excessive taxation, 
the latter driving away the former. . • -^ 



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MIMEBAL REBOUBCKS. 4? 

Yhe anutuil prodact of the mines in Northern Mexico Is m (oOoiri'. 

'^ CofAuUa, 2 mines « UMlf 

' . . -Chihuahua: 

Parrai fSW^W 

BatopUas ».» 278,076 

Gosihulrlachic „ « 151,128 

Uniachic 128,878 

Urique 107,026 

Quadalupe y Calvp.^ 102,686 

Ten othera.....^........» 279^686 1,906,1H 

ionora: 

Sonora (mine) ».. 600,009 

' Promontoriofl 820,674 

Jnstina 176,449 

Six others 190,888 1,1B73«6 

Total. „ jg^i^jM 

FMibahly more than one-half of the prodvots ii from mines controlled hf 
Jtmerican citizens. 

The Tadiaiis piooeaaeB employed at the reduction w<Hiu^Bo under 
the names of {Mitio. tonel, lixiviation, faego, and pan. The patio 
•grBlem <k>nsists of amalgamation with qmcknilyer. When the 
BUMS under treatment is worked, it is washed in a lavader» 
er Mttler, «id the bri^t quicksilver, diarged with eilyer, is 
strained and retorted. The j^lla, or strained quicksUver, is then 
hOtoed or retorted, and the sdver melted into bars. This i»oduct 
ia fanned plato del patio or pUUa fii, this latter name being an 
allusion to the feet of men or animals employed in working it. 
This is the process as invented by the celebrated Mexican minor 
Bartolom6 de Medina, of Pachuca, before mentioned. It was used 
in Mexico two centuries before it came into use in Europe. Li is 
nowemplc^ped wherever mining is carried on, thouffh supple- 
mented to some extent by other processes, particularly Bxiviation. 

The next ste^ is to concentrate the sulphuret from the pulp on 
the indined brick tables. This gives the sulphurets (polvillos), 
which are mixed with litharge, and smelted in small mud furnaces, 
Whacti produces the pkUa fv^o, or fire-silver, in small cakes. By 
ttM processes explained from 97 to dS}i of the assay value cf the, 
ocea is extracted. 

Jliother method is smelting; and in later times lixiviation has 
been in vogue. In sevend states, a number of mills have discarded 
their barrels and pans, and substituted leaching-tubs. The rock 
is crushed dry, and passed through' screens of twenty to thirty; 
meshes to the inch. It is then roasted in reverberatory furnacea 
With salt. 'Hie roasted ore is then subjected to the water process, 
being kept in large tanks or tubs, constantly covered and run over 
by clear water during a number of hours; after which the water 
is drawn off, and a cold solution of hypo-sulphate of soda is made 
to pass through the ore until it is ascertained that the solution car- 
ries no more silver. The silver carried by the hy^o-sulphate so- 
lution is precipitated by the addition to that solution of another 
solution of quicklime and sulphur, known as calcium sulphide,^ 
which is made by boiling lime and sulphur. After the precipita- 
tion, and the running off of the precipitating liquid, the silver 
iq^pears as a sulphide, is put into canvas filters, dried, roasted in 
vefveA'beratory fimiaces to carry off the sulphur, and t^en incjt^' 



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BPANI8H-AMERIOAN MANUAL. 



into barQ. .11 the operatlon.has been carefully perlor med ^haMl^fft 
reBulting idll be from 900 to 1,000 fine. The soliiiion is piimped 
back into the tanks to be used again. In later years * Amciricfta 
machinery has been introduced. 

The following has been the production by the several processes, In the flsoak 
year 1886-87: 

"" — Gs. 

777; 66.98 pet cent of the production 



Kilogs. 

Patio „449,858 

ToneU-.- - 28,047 864; 4.18 

LtdVia&on :...: 27,466 675; 4.10 

Fuego ...^ „...152,665 2^; 22.76 

Pan. ^. 18,308 689; IM 



do. 
do. 



do. 
do. 



670,841 584:100. 
Add to the above, for 
worn out coin and 

wrought metal 2,085 Oy 

672,926 629 
Standard, or pure silver...661,838.619, at 189.109 per kilog.; |25.897,98L7» , 
•^ Btaadard, orpure goad.....882.226a88, at 1648.529 per Mlog., 1648,414.71 

Tbtal value — .$26,446,806.46 • 

^ But the present value is $37.30 per kilog. of silyer, and f613.76_per kilQg*<oi 
g^d, Which will make the value of the silver 124,686,580.48; and^of the^ld 
|KL0,792.81; and the grand total will then be $26,197,878.29. ■'"' 



I The ores were obtained in the mines situated in CoahuUa, Colima, C]ilkv»- 
-''-•- " - ^^^ Hidalgo, ^aU|M 

, , , _vuwi». x^i^iO, Zacatecas. Thej^iL^ 

•leven raiuts in the republiojof Mexico.^ During the fiscal year 1878^79 ^m^ 



hua. Federal District, Durango, Quanaiuato, - Guerrero, 'Hidalgo^ SaUmu^ 
Puebla, Oajaca, San Luis Potosl, Sinaloa, Sonora. Tepic, Zacatecas. ^The^^pr 



tetal^alue coined was only (22,821,183, of which 1658,206 were in giddiMefti 
In lb79-60, $21,536,584, of which only 1521,826 were of gold. 
' Oold, silver, and copper coined In the five years from 1880 to 1887. 



1880-81 


Silver. 


Gold. 


Copper 


Total j 


Dollars 
24,617,395 
25,146,260 
24,083,921 
25,377,378 
28,844,081 


Dollars 
492,068 
452,590 
407,«OO 
328,698 
898,647 


Pollars 
42,259 
11,972 

200,000 


DoUara 
25,151.7M 
25,610,8M 
24,491,521 
25,706,076 
27,242,67$ 


1881-82.. 

1882-83.. 


1883-84.. 


1S6-87 





JJn til very recently the mints were farmed out to private parties or t _ ^ 
Jloney coined in Mexico from the foundation of the mints in the t 
period to June 80th, 1887; 



Colonial Period. 
Macuquina, 1587—1731.. 
Pillar/ 1732-1771 


Gold 


Silver 


Copper 


Total 


Av^.p.yr 


Dollars 
8,497,950 
19,889,014 
40,391,447 


Dollars 
752,067,457 
441,629,211 
888,563,989 


Dollars 
200,000 

842,898 


Dollars 
760,765.407 
461,518,225 
929,298,329 


DoUani 
7^.410 

89,206,^ 
29,228,684 


Bust, 1772—1821 


^ Independence. 
Iturbide's bust, 1822-23.. 
Republic, Eagle money, 
. 1824 to June 80, 1877 

Repub. Eagle Money. 

Srom July 1st, 1S77, to 

July 80, 1887 

. Total coinage 


68,778,411 

557,392 

48,275,142 


2,082,260,657 

18,575,670 

819,848,694 


542,898 
6,812,546 


2,151,681,961 

19,182,962 

872,986,885 


48,832,534 
4,742,273 


837,924,264 
247,167,239 


5,812,646 
.835,727 


892,069,844 
252,285,388 


3,295,886,644 











money coined from July 1st, 1877, to June 80, 1867, amot 

Coinage during the fiscal year 1886-7, $27,433,974, of which 

$m,296 copper: and the rest, ^26,844,031, silver. 



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MOOBAL BX8OUJROB0. 49 

BuHng late years much attention has been devoted to iron and 
coal deposits in Mexico; and with the development of railway 
facilities, iron and coal mining will become important indostriee. 
The government has every inducement to encomnge these enter- 
prises. The production in Mexico of steel rails is of itself a great 
object. Their price in England in 1881 was $28 per ton, when 
placed in the city of Mexico $93.82, m San Luis Potosf $101, 
m C^laya $123.32. The extent and locality of coal deposits in 
Mexico are yet unknown, but explorations have shown that they 
exist in llaxcala, Oajaca, Michcacan, Huasteca, Moreloe, and 
especially in the districts of Matamoros, Chiautla, and Acatlan in 
Puebla. 

Between 1804 and 1868 the 3rield of precious metals of the five 
republics of Central America was estimated at $21,200,000, of which 
$13,800,000 was in gold, and $7,403,000 in silver. Since the latter 
oate the average yearly supply has been roughly computed at 
$300,003 in gold, and $200^000 in silver. 

Guatemala is not a minmg country, though in the latter part ol 
the 18th century the district in the Alotepec mountains yielded 
large quantities of silver, and between 1858 and 1865, 621,000 
ounces were obtained from it. The river sands in the department 
of Chiquimula are auriferous, and are washed by the Indians. 
Gold placers in the department of Izabal were also oeing worked, 
and there are a few very promising silver mines. There are ako 
deposits of lead, cinnabar, coal, kaoline, marble, etc. 

Betv^eon 1S79 and 1888 the Ouatemala mint coined 1974,957, all in sUver pieoea 
from fl to 8Vi cents. 

In 1860 and for some years previously, about $400,000 in bullion 
^aa czpcirted annually from Honduras, most of it being gold 
gathered bv the Indians from shallow washings. Silver ores are 
abundant, being found principally in the Pacific group of moun- 
tains, while the gold washings are the most numerous on the At- 
. lantic side. The mineral districts in Tegucigalpa, Choluteca, and 



Gracias are very rich in silver, the chief supplies of gold being 
from the washings of Olancho; for though gold mines abound in 
Honduras, only a few have been worked. The Guayape, a tribu- 
tary of the Patuca, and the Jahan rivers, and the streams running 
into them are the richest in auriferous sands. 

Tb^ mineral wealth of Honduras is enga?inR the attention of foreign capital- 
Ittii, companies haring been formed In the United States and elsewhere to work 
the mines. Under the auspices of American companies several abandoned 
mines have been reopened, and a good wagon-road nas been built from San 
' . . ~ . . of Tegucigalpa to Yuscarftu, 114 miles. The 



I invested in 
ascertain tho 

amount, but it rises far iuto'tho millions, aiid is constantly increasing. The 
only investment ot other foreign capital is in a mine near San Pedro, be- 
' loanng to a Frenth company. The mines organized, or re-organized, under 
thoimproved mining system are in a preparatory state, and have yielded but 
UtUe bullion. Consequently no dividends, worth mentioning, have been as yet 
declared. 

Tlio following are the principal mines in the Tegucigalpa region, which were 

•Kaniaed, or began to be so, in 1886: the Hondo company of Chicago has placer 

BiMies in the department of Olancho. The Hondo and Ban Miguel has placen 

teOlMicho. The Campbell Reduction Company has a qnartsiferons mine of 

' 'iNiMBnilng gold ore in Olancho. The Burke's ConceMion Company i^ tha 

Makual. 4 



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9D BPAinSfl-AMfflnCAN UAXUAL. 



In Salvador, the only deposits of precious metals are famfd in 
the portion of the state which is geographically connected witti the 
monntain system of Honduras. There are rich mines of iron near 
8anta Ana, and of coal in the valley of the river Lempa and eome 
of its tributaries, covering a region 100 miles long by 20 in breadth. 

In the department ol ) silver siifles 

of Tabanco, Bucuentr petillo, Salita 

Rosalia, and othets ha s de Tabahco 

is easily worked, and >ngh only, the 

rudest methods \^ere e mentioned Is 

in combination with] yer ores were 

taken out to the value es have been 

recently discovered, ai )y the discov- 
erers. The working oi 

Nicaragua possesses an enormous wealth of minerals which, ex- 
cept on a small scale, have not as yet been developed. Gold, silver, 
£inc, iron, copper, lead, tin, and antimony are foimd in abundance, 
and there are also deposits of gjrpsum, marble, alabaster, lime, 
i^ltpetre, etc. The entire northern frontier abounds in silver. 
Gola veins are found in the cordillera, extending to the San JtUtn 
river, the principal one crossing the Machuca river. The metal 
is almost pure when washed from the river beds, but when dug out 
of the earth is more or less mixed with silver. 

In the districts of Juigalpa and Libertad hundreds of mines have!)»ton 
entered, and the whole upper region of the Coco is rich in minerahL Tfee 
mines are worked in the most primitive fashion; the crowbar beioff vmd 
Instead of gunpowder, which is considered too expensive. Miners eam^oiily 
$8 to 110 per month with rations. ••.*••. 



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MOTBRAL BBSOUBOBS. 51 

The republic of Costa Bica is less favoxod in mineral wealth than 
^|ff ether states of Central America. Howeyer, there are mines of 
g^^ silver, copper, iron, nickel, zinc, lead, nuurble, and other m^ 
eieas products m the mineral kingdom. Those of gold and sttver 
9i^ the only ones worked thus far. 

The auriferous region of Monte del Aguarato is the best known 
in the republic. The mines situated there and in the Cuesta del 
JoQote were worked by foreigners at a moderate profit. Between 
1929 and 1880 the coinage of the Costa Bican mint was $2.351 ,808 in 
gold, $568,648 in silver, and |1,682 in copper, or a total of $2,922,188. 

Oolombia's mineral wealth consists of gold, silver, platinum^ 
copper, iron, lead, mercury, antimony, coal, emeralds, amethystSi 
maSmr, rock salt, lime, etc. Owing to lack of facilities of communi- 
eation this wealth remains almost untouched. 

The great gold and silver l)earing regions are Antioqula, Darleu, Cauca and 
!|^<^ima. The gold mines of Antioqula have been worked for upwards of three 
^entnxies, and their products from the time of the conquest exceed two hun* 
4red and fifty million dollars; and yet deposits exist which are far tiom 
exhausted. There are, besides, large and unknown portions of territorr* 
particularly toward the north of the department, which are believed to hav^ 
{b9 precious metals. In 1875 there were in Antioquia nearly one hundred lod^ 
mtaes working, and some 15,000 men and women employed in them. In the 
department ofC&uca it is calculated that the value of the precious metalf 
* obcained since the conquest has been no less than 1242,000,000, of which |126,- 
wfiDO proceeded from the Ghoc6 mines, and 1116,000,000 from mines in other 
sails. The isthmus of Daiienhas been renowned from the earliest daya of 
ibeSpanish conquest for its gold deposits. During the conquest the SpanuuMls 

fit much of the metal from the nanves, and in after years the crown derived 
<K)B8lderable revenue from the mines, jMirtlcularly those of the Cana district, 
which for years employed thousands of men. They were not actively worked, 



away 120 pounds of gold, and in 1702 another raiding pi^y stole 50 pounds. 
The yield of the Cana mines came to be 18,000 to 20,000 pounds annually. But 
in ttio midst of the greatest productiveness they were subjected to obstructions 
aaa troubles, which comjielled their abandonment Indian hostilities ren- 
dered it necessary to give up the La Plata and Miraflores mines. Then the cmel 
iieatment inflicted on the poor natives rapidly diminished their number. 
Bven after negroes were brought from Africa, Indian towns had to contribute 
«neout of seven of their inhabitants to woric in the mines, which service bore 
the title of mitaa. Finally the system was discontinued by royal order in 
1729> in these words, *No i>ermita la Audicncia que & ningun indio se le 
<]|dikue & la^abor de mlnas.' This measure left the mine owners almost with- 
out hands. The silver mines of the rich districts of Mariquita and Pamplona 
thus received their death-blow. D'Eldyar wrote the viceroy in 1785 that, 
X££netally speaking, the mines that the old miners had been exploiting in 
^Anqtxita were almost in their primitive state. The war of independence and 
fUbsequent internecine troubles brought the mining industry to a full stop. 
It has revived but slowly. The Santa Ana silver mine, in Tolima, yielded from 
182$ to 1873, three and a half million dollars, and afterward failed. The 
llagdalena region has gold, but the deposits are not worked. Fine coal is 
i^^dant in the vicinity of Bogotd; platinum is likewise found, as also silver 



1^ emerald mines. Indeed, this portion of the republic possesses great 
mineral wealth, which lies dormant. The emerald xninesofBoyac&are not 
irked. From 1800 to 1882 the product of gold and silver in Colombia was 
^ ^00,000, and from 15S7 to 1800, 1414,000,000, or a total of $680,000,000, of which 
. ^0,000 may be credited to the isthmus of Panama. Cinnabar and manea- 
i are also reported to exist on the Isthmus, coal in Chiriqui and Bocasoel 
two. In 1886 miners and prospectors from the mining districts of the 
nislflo United States rushed to Panama eu route to the gold diggings of Toll- 
m, . Antioquia, and the Choc6. At the same time two companies were 
jg^MSized in Boston to mine on the Atrato river. Such was the eai^emets 
iwitkened in the United States to engage in mining in Colombia that a little 



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52 8PANlttH-AMERlCAN MAMLAL* 

woid ol caution is not out of place. It must be borne in mind that iu thb goM 
and isilver producing regions labor is scarce, food high-priced, and roaoi dQ 
not exist One more difficulty is that the language of the country ii mtt> 
known to most of the persons contemplating to try their fortune in tliOM 
parts. 

The Venezuelan gold-fields are very rich, though as yet not the 
most productive. Those of the Orinoco are said to be the richest in 
the world. Many towns owe their existence to the mines. There 
i&coal near Coro. Asphaltum, coj^r, petaroleum, silver, tin, salt, 
and sesqui-carbonate of soda are abundtuit; but these valuable 
minerals are not worked as they ought to be. There is a pitch lake 
at the mouth of the Pedemales river on the gulf of Paria. 

In Tcin-mining considerable progress has been made. The retuma of gold 
from the Yuruary mines for the year 1884 were 284,292 ounces, valued at 
11,171,460 iu United States money, against 179,166 ounoda in 1883. Other mines, 
namely: the Callao, Chile, Panam&, Potosi, Nacupay, etc., yielded in that year 
294,292 ounces. The total value of the mineral produ<^t in 1884 was computed at 
$4,452,050, of which 13.248,885 was in gold, and the re^t mostly in copper. In 
1886, 218,000 ounces of gold were exported from Cludad Bolivar alone, against 
172,087 ounces in 1885: from 1866 to 1884 (19 years) the export aggregated 
1,557,568 ounces, valued at 180,227,840.. A. large amount of English capital- 
some $16,000,000— was, in 1884, employed in gold mining in Venezuela. The 
New Quebrada copper mine sent to Englana 8,351 tons of fine copper in 1885, 
against 2,950 in ^84, 8,470 iu 1883, and 2,886 in 1882. 

Gold is brought down by most of the streams descending from t^ 
eastern declivities of the Andes in Ecuador. Gold mines were in 
former times worked on the high mesas of the Cordilleras, but like 
those of silver and quicksilver have been abandoned for many yeiaix^ 
[past. There are at present a few gold mines in the mountains near 
the coast. Iron and copper, antimony, manganese, sulphur j salt, 
coal, and coal-oil are found, but the first two are the only ones that 
Are remunerative. Sulphur is produced to some extent. 

Brazil i>ossesse3 an immense wealth of mineral products, includ- 
ing a large variety of precious stones. Diamonds, emeralds, sap- 
phires, rubies, topazes, beryls, tourmalines (black, blue, and green)^ 
amethysts, gamjBts, rock-crystals, opals, chalcedonies, agates, ana 
camellans are found in many places. There are also deposits of 
gold, silver, mercury, copper, coal, bitumen, sulphur, salt, salt- 
petre, manganese, alum, copperas, galena, lead, and iron, all in 
more or less abundance. Marble, granite, lime, potter's clay, and 
sandstone may also be had. 

Diamonds were first discovered in the Serra do Espinha^, near Diamanttna, 
about 800 miles north of Eio Janeiro, in 1786. The diamond-producing soil ex- 
tends along the sierra to the northern borders of the province of Minas, along 
the valley of the upper Belmonte, and in the interior of the province of ^ahla, 
as well as in the mountains situated southwest of the sources of the SAo Fran- 
cisco. The richest mines are in the Serra do Frio. Diamonds of smaller value 
have also been found in other parts. Some stones of considerably size ace oc- 
casionally discovered. One picked up in the Chapada of Bahia weighed 76>^ 
carats, and when cut into a drop-shaped brilliant, proved to possess extraor- 
dinary beauty. During the Portuguese rule 282.000 carats of dmmonds, valuisd 
at 1^17,000,000 were mined. It was from the Brazilian fields that the crown of Port- 
ugal got the famous Southern Star and Abacete diamonds. Barely 1,000 men 
are employed where at ouo time 80,000 found occupajtion. The fact is that the 
rich diamond fields of Brazil are nearly exhausted. However, some foreign 
companies obtain from abandoned mines abotrt 11,500,000 a year. Smeralos 
and the other precious stones are all found in Minas Geraes; opalfl. chalcedo- 
nies, agates, and cameliaQS exist almost everywhere in the empire, ^ock- 
crystals; large and pure, in Minas, Qoyaz, Sao Paulo, and Paranft. Garnets, 
though abundant, are of inferior quality. Goid exists in quartz veins over 



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MIMBBAL BESOURCEB. 53 

a laitge area of the province of Mlnas Oeraes, near Ouro Preto; the richest KoM 
■klfies of BrazUare here. The Monro Velho mine is on' the western side oTUia: 
▼oUev of the Bio das Velhas, not far from BabarA. The mines of QonfO 86C0, 
abont twenty miles east of Morro Velho, on the opposite side of the v elhai, 
weio at one time very productive. A company owns a tract of twenty-one 
square miles not far from Morro Velho. Other mines have been worked at no 
great distance. Much of the remidning portion of Minas, and especiallv the 
mpper basin of the Sao Francisco is very auriferous. In northern Brazil the 
<»jy gold mine oiiened is the Turv-assd, in the province of Maranhao. Many 
gnmts have been made of other places in several provinces. Gold washings oc- 



with silver. Thero are no statisticB to tell us the production of gold. The 
registered exportation was in 1883-84, 1,166,855 grams, valued at 1672,695; in 
1884^, 1,3547794 grams, valued at 1780,623; but the production must have 
beetitnuch larger: a neat deal of gold must have been smuggled out. Silver 
is fixmd in many of the galenic formations In almost every province. On the 
Aragoiva hill, in the municipality of Sorocaba, in Sao Paulo, silver was obtained 
nearly 200 years ago. Mercury abounds in the province of Paran&. not far from 
the capital; and copi»er in Matto Grosso, Goyaz, and Minas, near the capital of 
Bafaia, in Maranhao, and CearA; but chiefly in Rio Grande do SuL The mines 
at San Antonio das Lavras. near Cacapava, yield sixty per cent, of pure metal. 
In Santa Catherina, between the plateau and the sea, is one of the Brazilian 
coal basins; along the banks of the Tubarao, beds of bituminous coal of taSx 
Quality are exposed. Three distinct fields have been traced in Rio Grande do 
Bolr one, the largest, in the valley of the Joguarao (boundary of Uruguay), and 
in ^at of the Candiota, an area of about fifty miles by thirty miles; the second, 
in the valley of a tributary of the river Jooahuy near the centre of the nrov- 
inee: and the third, near the village of Sao Jeronymo, on the bank of the 
Joeahuy. The Candiota field is being worked near the south coast of the 
province of Bahla. A Brazilian company has been working a coal mine at 
Arroco Bob Rates, in Rio Grande do Sul, turning out about 2,000 tons per month. 
Sulphur in the native state is found in the province of Rio Grande do Norte, 
and a small quantity in Rio Grande do Sul; also at Turquin, and Corrego in 
the district of Minas Novas, of Minas Geraes. Saltpetre occurs with salt over 
alaige luea of Minas Geraes and Bahla. and in the calcareous caves of the 
Rio Sao Francisco valley, from the city of Ouro Preto downwards. There are 
phosphate deposits on the island of San Fernando de Noronha, about 200 miles 
off Cai>e San Roque, and also on other small Islands. Saline effervescence is 
noticed In many localities in tiie drier portions of the Brazilian plateau. Ef- 
florescences of nearly pure sulphate of magnesia are found in the valley of 
Rio das Velhas in the Sao Francisco basin, and in the province of Cear&. The 
iron mines of Iparema in the province of Sao Paulo seem to be the only ones 
in operation. Oil-producing shales were worked in Taubat^, province of Sao 
PauJo« . In the province of Bahia tufa deposits were being exploited for oil, 
yielding about 666 litres. 

Bolivia has a wealth of precious metals, as well as of several of 
tke useful ones. She possesses not only gold and the apparently 
inexhaustible silver mines of Potosi, but also copper, iron, tin, 
coal, and sulphur. Precious stones, chiefly the hyacmth and opal, 
likewise are found in her territory. Nitrate of soda abounds, and 
guano dei)osits exist on the coast. The latter, however, have 
recently become Chilian property. 

' The mineral productions of Bolivia have gfven a very high importance ,to 
ibia portion of America. Mining, is, however, in a ratner poor condition at 

Present. Gold is found in considerable quantities in the mountainous parts, 
'he lUimanl mountain is supposed to contain a great deal of gold. In the 
17th century an Indian found at a short distance from La Paz a mass of native 
eolq, for which |11,269 was paid, and it finally went into the cabinet of natural 
history at Madrid. But most of the gold is found in the form of nuggets, in 
Unraderos or gold-washings, in the beds of rivulets. The most producuve are 
those of Tipuanl, streams descending from the snow-capped summits of the 
Cordillera of Ancuna, some sixty leagues to the east 01 the city of La Paz. 
'Rtesc washings were worked in the mne of thelncas. The gold-washings 
end quartz veins of Choquecamata, in Cochabamba, were also famous, ylela- 



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54 BPAMI8B-AMEK1CAM MANUAL. 



', petroleum, coppeir» tio, 

le republic are from ofllolld 
», RioJa,and San Juan. J^t 
[uality. Petroleum is iound 
res the deposit was reacl^» 
ace. But fhe great dlstaoee 
:e with the article from't]i» 
iou of the Argentine Contod- 
of which silver counted fttr 
21,803; and tin, some |85;W). 
» shpw the limited naaliHE 

vuppenu OKTBi AfUfU.'ft ^u^wnuiw, vfOrth ...•167,990 

Copper ore, 86,962 ^« " 16,015 

Lead in bars, 19,130 " •• 2,880 

Lead ore, 85,497 ** " 6,884 

Total ..182,675 

Neither gold nor silver figure among the mineral products; although it waft 
reported that gold and silver mines in the interior were yielding mctnL im 
1889, metals to the following value were imported for coinage: gold, |9Ci;2n; 
silver, (1,298,869; copper, f2o7. 

In 1886, placer gold having been discovered near Cabo Virgenes, and th<^ 
straits of Magellan, the government placed an armed vessel on the llne-tonisn. 
ing at Patagones. Chubut, Deseado, Santa Cruz, and Gallegos. The gold is 
found in the sands of a tract of land between the straits of Magellan and th<» 
Gallegos river under the 51st parallel of south latitude. It exists both in th» 
failds of the beach and rivers, though not equally rich. At Punta ArenaSt Qli 
the- Chilian side, many men wore then engaged in washing the aurifeiaiia 
Itaitds. 

TTrugiiay posses -tef* d^pD^itH of gold, filvcr, lead, iron, copper» 

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MIMMRAL RE80UBCK8. 53 

mai^, mgatea, alabaster, and amethysts ; tiut though some mines 
bMOil^een opened, it ma^ be said that mining is hardly, developed. 
FMMgiiay offers still lees informn^on as to her share of this branch 
of w^dth. There was once a mmor that the Jesuits knew of gokl- 
mioea in the country, and concealed them ; but there is no evidence 
to substantiate' it Iron was worked bv the government of the 
aeoQod Jjopez at Ibicunr. Native copper, black oxide of manganese, 
maiMe, lime, and salt have been found in more or less quantity. 

Fem is world-renowned for her mineral wealth, particularly in 
tbe precious metals. Gold and silver exiit in great abundance. 
The silver mines are num^ous and exceedingly rich. There is 
aksaqmcksllverinthe countrjr. Copper, iron, lead, tin, nickel, 
oc4Mlt, magnesia, aluminum, lime, and suJphur are widelv diffused. 
IJxere are extensive quarries of marble and alabaster. .Coal occurs 
on>the coast There are likewise a number of petroleum springs. 
Saltpetre is largely produced alon^ the Pacific shores. 1^ richest 
bedSr however, are now iu possession of Chili. The Lobos, Macabi. 
and Goanape islands, are enormous guano deposits. Bait is collected 
fpQ«)i the sidt ponds near Callao. 



•flllver mines are tiiose of Huancavelita aud Chota. Lead, iron, aluminum, 
sulphur, lime, and magnesia occur in various places. Cobalt and nickel are 
found in Huanta; marble and alabaster deposits are extensive in Puno and 
AyacBcho; the petroleum springs are in Piura; coal exists iu several places, 
and working the beds promotes activity in other industrial pursuits. A great 
eouroe of Peruvian wealth, since 1833, has been the guano islands. Mining 
ffoaao on a large scale began in 1840. The deposits yielded to the Peruvian 
jMwemraent from |20/X)0,000 to ^ 26,000,000 a year. As late as 1873 they were re- 
ported to still contain guano to the value of 275 to 300 million doUara. The 



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86 8PAMI8H-AMBBIGAN MANUAL. 

facv, however, Is that the temouB Ghlncbas are ezhauited, and the roaao of 
the Lobos, Macabi, Guafiape» Punta Alta, Puerto logics, Pabellonde Pica, etc., 
along the Bouthem coast, is Juferior in quality. The total amount has been 
estimated at 1,803,003 tons. Commeuciw in 1869 with 574,793 tons, tlie tales 
have run down to 878,663 tons in 1876, 810a)42 in 1877, 838,000 in 1878, as appears 
in private reports. 

Onlli possesses a variety of minerals, many of which are 
found in large quantities. The existing minerals are gold, 
silver, quicksilver, copper, iron, zinc, nickel, antimony, arsenic, 
alum, Dismuth, manganese, sulphur, iodine and borate of 
soda, nitre, coal, cobalt, etc. Cfepper, silver, nitre, and coal 
are the only ones which to some extent pay to work. The 
mines are hot, generally speaking, worked by the most improved 
methods. 

While in Calif omia and Australia the mining industry has been declining 
greater attention being devoted in these countries to agriculture, the reverse 
has occurred in Chili. In 1877 the mining exports exceeded those of 1876 by 
18,407,000, whereas in the agricultural exports there was a decrease of 11,356,003. 
In 1875 there were upwards of 30,030 men engaged in mining; the products of 
which industry in 1878 were valued at nearly 18 millions of dollars. An Amer- 
ican company in 1877 put up extensive works at Catapilco, some forty miles 
north of Valparaiso, with the expectation of getting gold from placer deposits 
to the amount of one million dollars a year during fifty years. The annual 
mineral yield of Chili is about 160,000 kilograms of silver, 500 kilograms of gold, 
40.003 tons of copper, 803,003 tons of coal, 550,000 tons of nitrate. The coal mines 
of southern Chili nave been for several years past acquiring a great importance. 
They extend along the coast from the province of Concepcion to the straits of 
Magellan, including some of the Chilo6 islands. The oldest as well as richest 
coal beds are south of the river Biobio at Coronel, Lota, aiid Lebd: they are 
worked by the same system employed in English ooal mines. Steamers 
coal at the mouth of the pit, and a great deal of the copper ore that used to be 
shipped to England for smelting has been for several years past sent to OoiO" 
nel and Lota for that purpose. The coal production has been growing Tory 
rapidly, and may soon average from two to three million tons. There are 
large works for amalgamating silver and smelting ores in Copiap6, ChaAar- 



cillb, Carrizal, and Quayac&n. Of the metal exports of the republic, copper 
counts for 70 per cent., and silver for 25. Copper mining has lately suffeioa a 
setback. Owing to the low price of the metal in Europe, miners were already 



in 1885 and 1886 turning their attention to gold and silver mining, and a con- 
siderable revival in these lines immediately took place. The copper deposits 
are almost inexhaustible, it is true, but for various reasons— defective mining 
laws, cost of mining, smelting, transportation to the sea-coast, and f relg^ 
charges to consuming markets— the republic cannot compete with other cop- 
per-producing countries. The chief difficulty is that the mining belt lies m 
the northern section, as distinguished from the central and southern of the 
republic, an arid region to which food must be taken from the other two sec- 
tions; the mines, as a rule, arc at considerable altitudes, and the mining 
methods are exceedingly primitive; then again there are no roads fit for trans- 
porting minerals on; and where railways exist, their freight rates are too high 
to be of any benefit to mines of low yield. The country needs light, cheap 
railways, and the employment of labor-saving machinery to develop its rer 
sources. There are thousands of tons of valuable ore lying on the surface in 
the old mining fields between Coquimbo and Huasco, awaiiing capital and 
improved metnods to yield up its gold, silver, and copper. Manganese is very 
plentiful, and the cost of extracting it is small; but the transportation to the 
coast is expensive. The cost of placing it in the port of Coquimbo is |10 to 
|12,Chiliancurrency, per ton, whereas the price in England is quoted at £8 
10s. for ore yielding not less than 45 per cent. Of nitrate, many deposits have 
been discovered in the Atacama district, within Chilian territory. The staple 
is not of hiG^h qualiry; but water having been found not far off, the discovery 
may possibly be made profitable. Mineral products, 1876-85, 942,049,671. 

A variety of minerals is found in the island of Santo Domingo, 
or Hayti, including gold, silver platinum, mercury, copper, Iroii, 



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MDfBBAii RB80<rBiQS8. 6? 

^^ BU^or, manganese, antimony, rock salt, bttommi» JMper^ 
marble, and a number of precious stones. ^ ' 

Itli well-known that the Spaniards, soon after the oooapation of the isl 
locAd foldin the mountains of Clbao; bat mining for gold was abandoned 
MO. Keyertheless, some gold washing is still carried on in the uoi ' 
imams by the poorer class of natives. In fact, mining, for want of 
and machinery, is no longer an industry in either of the republics. 

IJhe island of Cuba has minerals in considerable variety ; gbld, 
80:9iar,inm, copper, lead, asphaltum, antimony, copperas, bitumen, 
petroleum^ naphtha, coal, marble, jasper, etc. | 

The fallowing grants were in 1885 in successful operation: asphaltum.islx, 
producing about 3,400 tons; petroleum, one, yielding 283 hectolitres; napUtha, 
one'Well,yieldiug'S4 hectolitres; iron, three beds, yielding 23,877 tons; cofper, 
throe mines, yielding 67 tons of cement copper. The machinery and iopbliefl 
for mining (exempt from duty) amounted to $170,639. The Juragua Iron dom- 
panirsent their ore to Philadelphia at the rate of 15,000 tons per month. < Six 
hundred men were employed. American improvements were noticeable in 
the machiuonr.in a railway of 27 kilometres, and in a long iron pier at the 
terminus of the road. Marble and jasper are found in several places. In the 
Isle of Pines, a dependency near the southern coast, there are colored marbles, 
and a quarry of white marble but little inferior to that used for statuary. Two 
foreign companies have worked copper mines; one in the Sierra del Oobre 
pursued operations until they were stopped by the revolution of 1868. SiJt is 
collected along the coast in large quantities. Mining will hardly ever beqome 
profitable in Cuba. ; 

There was a time when g(Ad was found in considerable quanjtity 
in i^>rto Rico. The metal still exists, together with copper, qoal^ 
and salt. Only the salt deposits are worked at present 

'(he mineral products of the United States are varied and I ex- 
ceedingly valuable. They include gold, silver, quicksilver, m>n, 
copper, lead, zinc, nickel, platinum, aluminum, antimony, antf 
cite and bituminous coal, petroleum, lime, granite and 
buflding stones, cement, salt, mineral water, natural gas, i 
multitude of other things of less importance. 

Estimate of gold and silver produced in the United States from 1845 to) 18W 
in<Ausive: 

Gold „ .11,718,848,801 

Silver ^ ^ ^ ^ 760,888,670 

Total .12,479,236,971 

The precious metals were obtained in 1886 mostly in California for gold; and 
in Ccdorado. Arizona, Utah, Nevada, and Montana for silver. The Atlantic 
and HissisBippi States produce little silver. The quantity found with the 
Datiye copper of Lake Superior is not considerable; but over 12,000,009 have 
been obtained from the ores of the Silver Islet mine on the island of that name, 
^on the north side of Lake Superior. The galena of the Mississippi valley is 
BSuaUy poor in silver; and that of the Atlantic slope but slightly argentiferous. 
With occasional exceptions. 

The gold and silver of domestic production deposited at the mints and assay 
<^&ce8 from their organisation in 1793 to the close of the fiscal year ended June 
9>9 1887, were as follows: 

Gold ^ 41,884,609,161 

Silver.....^.....^ ...- 428,656,8U 

Total 41,758,264,462 

Coinage in year 1888-89: gold. 124,643,910; silver dollar8rl88,798,800: subsidiary 
iAfer, ^^,680; minor coin, 1906,478; gold bars, 122,241,121; silver bars, |6,709»- 
M; besides $57,507,812 in gold bars exchanged for coin for export 




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.«8-64 



BFAHiBU'AMEBlCAJH MAJfUAL. 



Tke following are the statistics of the metalUc pvoducta «f fhie< 
States in 1886 (long tons equal 2,240 Ihs., short tons eqtutl 2,000 Iba.) 



Metallic products. 



•Pig iron, long tons, spot value.. 
Bib 



E^ilver, troy ounces, coining value 

Qold, troy ounces, coining value 

Copper, pounds, value at New York City (,a), 
Lead, snort tons, do. do. 

Zinc. do. do. do. 

Suicksilver, flasks, value at San Franciseo.. 
ickel, pounds, value at Philadelphia IbU.., 
.t4laniinum,troy ounces,value at Philadelpliia 
i*latinuin. troy ounces, value crude, at New 

York City 

lAatiflMny. 



Total... 



Quantity. 



02 
ZGO 
181 

m 

S41 
)81 
»2 



Valiic, fi 



85,000,099 

8,7d2»4ai) 

27|00t 

$215,804^ 



(a) Including copper made from imported pyrites. 

(b) Including nickel in copper nickel alloy. 

.Xlie prodnotlon of precious metals in 1888 valued at I114,8IM02. 

i 
(I 



Non-metallic products. 



Bituminous coal, brown coal, lignite, and 
anthracite mined elsewhere than in Penn- 

• aylvania, long tons ....>...... 

Pennsylvania anthracite, long tons.... 

Petroleum, barrels 

Building stone 

Xime, barrels » 

Salt, do ^ 

Cement, barrels.. 

South Carolina phosphate rock» long tons..... 

Umestone for iron flux, long tons 

Mineral waters, gallons sold... 

"Natural gas... 

All others 



Total- 



Quantity. 



66310^«7ft 
84,853,0n 
28410,115 

42^,000 
7,707,081 
4,500,030 
480,549 
4,717,163 
8,Sfi0,817 




$248,963A^ 



Adding to the above fireclay, kaolin, and a variety of other material, the 
total value of the minerals and metals produced in the United States in 1806 is 
estimated at 1465,827,888. Estimate for 1888, |501,6S9,931. 

Jamaica contains a great variety of marbles, porphyrites, mm- 
ite, and ochres. . Some traces of gold apj^r with the oxidized cup^ 
MT ores (blue and gn^en carbonates) m the Clarendon mimm* 
.Copper ores exist in many places but do not pay to work. Co^bolt 
and lead have been worked, thus far improfitably. Manganese 
and iron ores occur, and also a kind of arsenic. It is claimed th«t 
the island has silver, platinum, and tin. Trinidad island h^ a 
igieat deal of asphalt, which is becoming an important staple. 
Her dependencies, Redonda and Sombrero, yield, the former, 
guano, and the latter, phosphate of lime. Grenada contains sulphur 
and fuller's earth. Porphyry, limestone, and basaltic rocks occur 
at a$rtain places. In British Guiana quartz-porphyry and felspar 
joocupy extensive areas over the surface of the granite. A Lam 
•^P^poriion of the suriaco rock in tho interior is granite. The wJM^ 
sand at tho sand hills on the Domerara and elsewhere is very puM 
and weU adapted for glass-making Gold has been found about forty 



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MINERAL RE80UBCS8. <K( 

mileB up the Cuyiini river. Attempts to work it met with small sue* 
ces^ and were, besides, impeded by boondary disjnites. Placer 
fxild was discovered in fVench Gcuana in 1819, and a rich aoriferoos 
district was likewise found in Datdi Guiana about MarrowiioY. 
In this last named colony lead, sQver, and iron exists The kttle 
French island of St. Barth61emy has zinc and lead, bat the depos- 
i^Maidle. 

/Mtvpany wu orpmised In Freneh Golana in ]ft6, which coOaetad iiMBlt 
6 JOt^pncet of idaoer gold between 1857 and 1860. Another company obtained 
w^^!^60 ounces in 1872. From Cayenne was exported in 1874 gold valned 
atlMLOOO. In 1875-8 the monthly yield ayeraged upwards of 4iiiB0O ounces. 
Banytfi 187^ 519,000 acres of land in the anrlferons region of Dutch Guiana 
.hao^teen leased to priyate perscms, whose lab<»s at mining met with fair 

lEdM eCtba gold exported from Surinam during the yean 1896 M: 

Florins 

Vm 49,W0 

1877 293,880 

1878-». 407,069 

1879 - 879,914 

1880 918,672 

1881 848,486 

1882. ^ 784,726 

1883......... , 908,948 

1884.. 1,806,608, yaliie of 967,271 gnoas 

1885 « 1,881.774, value of 983,059 grams 

. 1886 «. - 1,032,767, value of 711,514 grama 

Total . — 8,567,268 

Vd«l«f the oold was obtained in Surinam; and other portions in Saraiaasa. 
a'aa^i UfamTrirur 

JlQtie ilist three months of 1887 there were found in Surinam 126,067 grams; in 

^ , 18,776 grams, and in Harowyne 7.243 grams. There are no datagk 

ow the producti<m for any period later than the first quarter of 1887. 

'Angoilla and the Virgin islands, as also Cora^oa, claim to possess 
iMAEfe. minerals : the fiiit named salt and phosphate of lime ; the 
Vhgjl^ islands copper, gold and other metals; and Cnragoaasit 



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II. MANUFACTURES. 

The Nahuas and Mayas of Mexico and Central America had' at- 
tained a high degree of perfection in certain branches of mannfiict- 
nres. They excelled in the ornamental working of the precious 
metals and* stones, and also of shells and carved woods. Their 
pottery was excellent. They made cups a nd bowls from the hoUow 
shells of gourds, and also fine baskets. They manufactured very 
fine cloth of cotton, rabbit-hair, of the two mixed, or of cotton 
mixed with feiathers. The rabbit-hair fabrics were equal in finish 
and texture to silk. The palm and maguey fibres were prepared 
in the same manner as flax in other countries. From the same 
material were made cords, ropes, and mats. All the work of spin- 
ning and weaving was done by women. The spindle used in 
spinning was like a top which was set whirling in a shallow vessel, 
the fibre being applied to its pointed or upper extremity until the 
impetus gave out. Paper was mostly made of maguey fibre, al- 
though some of the other fibres used in the manufacture of cloths 
were occasionally mixed with those of the maguey. The skins of 
animals were tanned both with and without the hair; the old 
authorities praise the results of the process employed without ex- 
plaining what it was. In preparing dyes and paints, minm^, 
animal, and vegetable colors were used, the latter being extracted 
from woods, barks, leaves, flowers, and fruits. The Asetecs proba- 
bly knew more of ^e art of dyeing than the Europeans, and many 
of their dyes were, after the conquest, introduced throughout the 
world; among them were those of cochineal, indigo, and ochre. 

The skill displayed by the natives in the branches of manufact- 
ures above referred to, created no little astonishment, even among 
their conquerors; nor was less surprise caused among the con- 
quered by the first examples of European skill in manufactures. 
The natives were not slow to discern the advantages they could 
derive in this line from their Spanish masters, and seized every 
opportunity to learn. Thev not only succeeded in imitating the 
Spanish artisans, but exhibited some ingenuity as inventors. I 
have spoken of the knowledge the Nahuas possessed in working 
the precious metals. They could, indeed, work them in certain 
forms which were absolutely unknown in Europe ; this art was lost, 
owing to the selfishness of the Spaniards, who issued regulations 
forbidding, under severe x)enalties, that native jewellers should be 
employed in making ornaments either of gold or silver. After the 
conquest the production of cotton goods decreased in consequence 
of the competition with European commodities, though the latter 
never could supplant the fabrics of the natives. There were a few 
large factories m later years, but looms were to be found all over 
Oholula, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Quer^taro, and Guadalajara. In 1792 

(W) 



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MANUFACTDBXa. 07 

the viceroy foanded a weaving school at Tixtla. Whenever Smua 
wae at war with a European power, and the importation ol faDrica 
beoame interrupted, the native industry had its opportunity to 
flourish for awhile, but only to relapse into its former dormant 
state 88 soon as peace was restored. The day arrived at last when 
Spain's foreign wars and the struggle for national sovereigntv threw 
the people of Mexico upon their own resources, and the selnsh pol- 
icy of the mother country became inoperative. Under the repub- 
lican government the Mexican people have been encouraged, 
.through protective tariffs, vigorous laws, and industrial schools, to 
develop manufactures. The first efforts made toward this end 
early in the thirties, did not meet with the desired results, but 
they werei \>y no means fruitless, several companies having been 
organized which laid the foundation of manufacturing industries in 
Mexico. 

Patent laws have beea enacted from time to time to bring about improved 
methods. Any product, or fabric, or means of producing, which had beea 

SreriouBly unlcnown in the country, was entitled, for a number of years, to 
le benefits of a patent, as if it were an invention. Preference was given* 
however, to the inventor holding a patent from a foreign government. 

Cotton manufactures, though subject to occasional checks, owing 
to political disturbances, and repeated changes of administrative 
policy,continued to assume a healthful tone, and in 1843, were con* 
sidered as permanently established. But the efforts to develop the 
industry had a set-back in 1848 through the discontinuance of the 
protective, or rather prohibitive svstem under which it had been 
gaining strength, and foreign fabrics, were admitted into th» 
country by paying duties. 

I looms in op- 
produced in 
inl844toim- 
asures of 1848 
in operation* 
lisco, Mexico, 
m about lO/XM^ 
ere plain, but 
he poor could 
t, there was a 
I, the machin- 
s for each one 

After the fall of Santa Aima's dictatorship, the new rulers showed 
a disposition to restore protection to this industry, but their meas- 
ures did not satisfy the manufacturers, who clamored for a return 
to the prohibitive system, stating that manufactures had not 
been flourishing since 1 856. The opponents of that system claimed 
that the industay had reached the point where profit was secured. 
The manufacturers denied that ass3rtion, and we find the same 
denial still being made in 1379. The cotton manufacturing indus« 
try has been growing since, but the fabrics made are, on the 
whole, calculated for the consumption of the poorer classes, the 
Indians in particular. American and English goods have, there- 
fore, a good field, notwithstanding the high import duty they am 
subjected to. 



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BPAXfllBB-AMKBICikM MANUAL. 



The states of Michoacdn and Quer^taro were, dorine the vioe- 
regal period, noted for their woollen fabrics. The cspital of Michoa- 
e&. had at the beginning of the present century about 800 factories, 
TOOdiicing $600,000 a year. Woollen mills were established in 
Michoac& in 1844, and their number had greatly increased in 
1845-6, the texture was improviug, and the demand growing 
larger. Early in the next decade the production had increased so 
mudi that ttie price of wool was greatly enhanced, and that ol for- 
eign woollen goods declined. 

In 1860 there were eight factories for cloth, casBimeres, and carpetln|n, 
which made the previous year 84,000 pieces, yalued at 12,720,000; the fabrics 
were of (rood gnality, bnt could not compete in European markets. According 
to statistics of 1868, nearly 8.000.000 pounds were used by the larger mills, 
while the smaller ones and hand-looms called for another millioa. In 
1879, there were about ten factories, the aggregate of whose production was 
1,600,000 Tares of cassimerc, valued at |2,O0O,00O, capital invested 13,500,000; bar- 
rag&n, 2,000,OCO varas, value $800,000, capital U.000,000; carpeting 600.000, value 
1200,000, capital 1800.000: scrapes, 2,000,000 varas, value f 1,000,000, capital |1,800,- 
eoO; thread |200,000 worth, capital 1300,000; total value in market 14,500,000: It 
was stated in the national congress in May, 1879, that the woollen industry was 
declining, and would soon cease to exist The rebozos (shawls) of Leo9 and 
Balvatierra have a high reputation. Woolen factories exist as followB: Federal 
district 4, producing 162,000 pieces of casslmere annually; State of Mexico 8, 
productlou 150,000 pieces of cassimere and carpet; Pueblo 6. production 650*000 
pounds of yarn; Hidalgo 8, production 125,000 pieces of cassimere; Guanajuato 
statistics of one only, produces 85,000 cuts of cloth and cassimere, and 60,000 
yards of carpet, annually. There are 7 paper mills in the republic— 2 In Jaiiaoo, 
1 in Vera Cruz, and 4 iu the Federal district. 

There arc also tanneries, manufactories of mescal, carriages and cartSf etc.; 
the whole value of which hardly approaches $1,000,000. 

There are also tanneries, manufactories of mescal, carriages and carts^ eto.; 
the whole value of which nardly npproaches 11,000,000. 



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. tbeijpiS'good r a aao QtobelievetlmtittaldW je$sB Mezki^'wiU 
-mamifietQre mare nflk thim mil be needed W thepopidaiiett. 
There* are eeteral well-eqoipped factories, bat tne raw i&aterial 
pMdiooed does not meet the dmnand. Laige quantitioa of Chlneii 
d&c io dceiiui are consamedL 

'V$'<6iiien are pTefened for the work of silk faetorlet: they are paid 27K oem^ 
pti day, while men axe paid one d<^lar. The idea preyails that silk can bift 
ttamilactored in Headco for one-half what it coats in Paris. The goyemment 
^the state of Puehla on the 80th of March, 1886, oflbred a snbeldy and certaia 
n^T priyilege% including exemption from taxation, for the encourageltteni 
ol the silk business. The first factonr for spun and woyen silk goods estab- 
lished in tho state, and declaied by the execntiye tooflfer fair prospects of per- 
BJKoence, was to recoiye a snbyention of 16,000. In late years the factories of 
Ifezioo, Gaanajoato. Quer^taro, Jalisco. eto.» have been making the best 
quality of goods, snch as are used for ladies' dresses, scarfs, and xerehieft, 
which ftre preferred to foreign goods because of their superior materiaL 

liiere are paper factories, and a good article is made from the 
magoey fibre. This business has b^ fostered by the goyernment. 
Ghili and crockery hold a x>rominent place among the mannfactar- 
iog industries, and have had their share of government protection. 
'Em mantrfiictare of carriages, wagons, and carts^ fumltmre, hats 
laid caps, matches, and soap has also attained considerable proper- 
Ikibs: Iron ^orks make an article of inferior quality, for which 
reiMOiQ a good deal of iron is imported from abroad. Planes atid 
ettier musical instruments, gold and silver lace, and finejewelry, 
irtiecolato, gunpowde>, and cannous are likewise made. There ate 
n6 means ci ascertaining with any degree of accuracy the quanti^ 
of tobacco produced, or of that actually manufactured. The buil- 
ness of planting and manufacturing tobacco was nearly always a 
menopoly. But after the downfall of the dictator, Santa Anns, a da- 
free' issued in January, 1856, by the new ruler, suppressed the estan* 
€tif or monopoly, whidi has not been since revivea. Hieimportatiod 
of foreign manufactured tobacco subject to duty was allowed. No 
toimoco in the raw state is permitted to enter the countiy . Under 
the new system the cultivation of the weed, and the manufactura 
<A dgars and cigarettes has largely increased. 

tbo tobacco grown in some parts of the republic, especially tn Tlapaeoysaa* 
and other places in Vera Cruz, and also in Tabasco, u of excellent gu&lity, 
Ml fn the opinion of many comi>etent Judges, compares favorably with that 
QttJiAa. Cigars made from it bum freely. The manufacture of cigars atid 
elcarettes of a fine quality and make dates from the Cuban insurrection iti 
Iftt^^S^nfr^umber of refugees from that island settled in Vera Crus attd 
evibliahed factories to make cigars and cigarettes of the native tobaoOO. 
Fi^i^ that time similar factories have sprung up wherever tobacco grows tti 
tborepublic. Cigars are made of all qualities, ranging in price from |20 Id 
laoo per thousand. They are of every size ana shade, and devices are used to 
dtract the smoker's eye. 

Mianufactures are in their infancy in Central America. SinOe 
1871 the ^vemments of several republics have endeavored to jwo- 
mdte their development ; but the results, thus far, have not an- 
(ihrered expectations. However, they are by no means uiknown 
in the ootmtry. 

In Guatemala good factories have been established for spinning and weairM 
^xtiles at Quezaitenango. In Chiquimula palm-leaf hats, mats, and b as k c p i 
from the maguey fibre are made. In Ver»-Pas the Indians make hammocks, 
fe«SS, rope, etc. B«t the fact stands oiloisUy aokuov^edged thait d«tt«rtio 



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*70 fiPANI8H*AMEKICAlV MANUAL. 

fnrodficti cannot compete even in the Guatemalan market with the better ami 
cheaper ones hiooght irom abroad. In Hondnras mannfactvres are at a wttj 
low ebb. Salvador possesses factories for mating cotton and silkrebopot, 
which find a ready market throughout Central America. Hammocks, earthen- 
ware, straw hats, cigarettes, sweetmeats, etc., are manufactured. Bum is 
made, as in Guatemala, from sugar-cane, in Nicaragua there is a total lack of 
skilled mechanics. The manufacturing industrv is as yet restricted to a few 
articles of home consumption which are made by Indians, such as pottery, 
mats, baskets, palm-leaf and magruey hats, cordage and hammocks. The hani- 
mocks of Masaya and Sultiaba are good. 8ome coarse cotton goods are made, 
'in good repute for their strength and permanent colors. In late years some im- 
proved machinery has been imported for refining sugar,. ginning cott6n, dis- 
tilling liquors, cleaning coffee, sawing lumber, and extracting fibres. In Costli 
liica domestic manufactures mainly consist of furniture, arms, hammocks, 
nets, cotton goods, and pottery, all ou a primitive scale and in small quantity. 
The government offered subsidies in 1885 for silk culture, and for the manufae- 
. ture of paper, rebozos, cotton goods, and sacks. In the succeeding year the f ol- 
lowing establishments were In operation: Two iron founderies, 58 forges, 7 
armories, 72 saw-mills, 2 cotton mills, 252 coflbe-mills, 9 sugar, 2 ice. 5soaPt one 
vermicelli, one oil, one Remington caps factory, 2 breweries, one distillery, 438 
iron.and 612 wooden mills, 2 sculpture workshops, 117 ovens, for making tile and 
bricK. 81 lime kilns, besides a number of artisans' shops. Total number of in- 
dustrial establishments of all grades, 2,105. 

Manufactures in Colombia have not as yet reached a scale of 
development worth mentioninj;; aside from a few articles woven 
by hand, and a little in the lines of tanning, dyeing, and bai^t 
and straw-hat making, there is nothing to particularize. In Yenezoe- 
la are made cotton goods, hammocks, hats, cordage, woollen car- 
pets, carriages, carts, cigars and cigarettes, perfumery, sweatmeats, 
and many other things, mostly for home consumption. There is 
some E^p-building at Puerto Oabello. 

Cotton fabrics are made in Venezuela both by hand and steam machinery. 
Woollen carpets are manufactured in M^rida, tastefully variegated with hrU- 
Jlantcoloredf flowers from a native dye. Thousands of persons are occupied 
in twisting cigars and cigarettes and in making fine preserves. Several kinds 
of oils are also made, as well as perfumes and essences obtained from fragrant 
flowers. 

Manufacturing industries are not much developed in Ecuador, 
either on the coast or in the interior ; but it cannot be said that they 
have not made some advance. In Kict, the people of that country, 
especially the women, excel in many branches. 

In the highlands the natives manufacture furniture, saddles, earthenware, 
and cotton and woollen goods. In Ot&balo and other places they have factories 
for linen fabrics, damasked coverlets, carpets, and drapery for beds which are 
much valued for the delicacy of their texture and colors. About 80,000 pon- 
chos are made annuallv at Cotacache. Hatuntaqui and Guano. There are a 
few sUk-wcaving establishments. Gold lace is made in Quito; the women of 
Quito excel in all kinds of needle-work, and are noted for their flue embroid- 
ery and laces as well as for their confectionery. The manufacture of JipUapa 
hats is an important industry. Much cheese is made for exportation. There 
are many sugar mills in operation, as well as tanneries and iron founderies. 
Cuenca has numerous sugar refineries, and produces fine hams and sweetmeats, 
cottons, Peruvian bark, and tapestries. Cacao of the best quality is prepared 
in Esmeraldas and Guayas. Rum is distilled from molasses, and chicha from 
yucca and other plants. Ropes, mats, sackcloth, hammocks, etc., are made 
from the fibre of the American agave. There is always some ship-building at 
Guayaquil. Some of the factories, especially those for manufacturing cotton 
goods, nave American machinery, liost of the raw material used in silk- 
weaving is imported from France; but suooessfnl efforts have been made to 
accltmatize the silk-worm. 

* Manufactures in Bravil have not as yet made much progress. 



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MAKUFACTUBB8. 71 

bnt there i«i evidently a tendency toward their development under 
a piotective tariflf. There are cottoa, woollen, and silk factories 
and other manufacttiring establishments. 

Tho number of cotton mills is constantly on the Increase. In 1866 there were 
<K) cotton spinneries and weaving factories, Tvith 4,833 power-looms and ^25422 
spindles. Their ajgregato capital was 13,000,0(X) milrels, and they turned out 
iu 1885, 88,121,£68 yards of cotton fabrics at an averago cost of 250 rels a yard. 
Tho factories aro situated in tho following proTlnces: 15 in Rio do Janeiro, 14 in 
Minas Geraes, 13 in Sdo Paulo, 12 in Cahia, G in others. Nearly all of them use 
water-power. Thero are some, however, run by steam with imported coal, 
which pay well. The cotton mill at Macaco in the provlncoof Rio Janeiro, one 
hour by railroad from tho city of Rio, employs from 803 to 800 looms, and has 
watcp-power, and facilities for steam-power in dry weather. It makes white 
cloth as well as colored, and mixed cloths for men's cheap clothing, and has 
met with pecuniary success. Thero is another establishment at Plraclcaba, 
500 miles from Rio, with abundant water-power and tho most improved mod- 
em machinery for making embroidery. Its operatives wero mostly natives 
.Manufacturing activity in Brazil will create an increased demand formochin* 
ery, as evidenced by tho fact that a largo company oiganlzcd about 1884 In 
Minos Geraes to manuf acturo lord sent an agent to the United States to pur- 
chase tho required machinery. 

Thero was, in 1886, one woollen factory in Rio Grande do Sul and one In Rio 
3o Janeiro. Tho woollen yams are nearly all imi>orted. Fine silks aro made 
in Rio and elsewhere. Refined sugar and taffia aro manufactured. Much of 
tho latter is used for making gin and other liquors of good quality. Breweries 
havo flourished in late years. Cigars are mado on a largo scale at many places, 
especially at Rio do Jaueiro and Bahla. Snuff, highly esteemed abroad, fig- 
ures also among tho manufactures. Thero are many saw-mills. Common 
. and wall paper, soap, chemicals, ribbons, bronzes, etc., arc likewise produced. 
Braailianfounderics do excellent work, such as for steamers and iron bridges. 
Tho province of S&o Paulo has extensive iron works. 

The manufacturing industries of the La Plata region seem to be 
Hmited—a ide from articles classified as agricultural products, such 
asBugar, wine, and brandy-— to ponchos, shawls, rugs, saddle-cloths, 
ropes, nets, sacks, etc., morocco leather, wooden vessels, luid Cor- 
doba ware. 

The hair and wool of the native sheep of South America form the staples 
used in tho manufacture of tho finest ponchos and other articles. Some Infor- 
mation on those animals will not bo uninteresting. Tho several classes greatly 
rcsemblo ono another, and yet seem to bo of distinct genus. They have many 
points in common with tho sheep and tho camel, and yet aro as distinct as an 
ass is from a horse; like these animals they can also bo crossed. 

The llama and tho alpaca aro of various colors; sometimes speckled. The 
gtutnaeo and tho vicuna aro usually brown, approaching red. The two former 
aro now in a perfect stato of domesticity, although we are assured that the 
Uama may still bo seen in a wild state in some inaccessible parts of tho Andes. 
Thoguauaco and vicufia prefer the wild state, but may bo domesticated. 
Thcso four animals aro indigenous to the cordi Jeras of tho Andes; but none 
of them nro found north of Ecuador. Tho guanaco is especially found in the 
extremo south-westem portions of tho province of Buenos Aires, and in Pata- 
gonia a3 far south as tho Straits of MagcKan. In Chili, and particularly in the 
Araucanian rogion. exists tho chillhueque, v/hich is probably tho Peruvian al- 
paca modified by tno climate, and form erlv was used as a beast of burden. 
It i3 not to tho i)urpose to describe in this Manual these difltercnt animals, but 
simply to explain their advantages, and tho uses they arc put to. 

Thollamauasnfinosilky hair or wool, which, when properly cared for, 
gfd[t7S to a length of three to four inches. The finest is on tho legs. On the 
body tho wool ia of various colors; under the belly It Is alwavs white. It is 
never greasy or dirty 1 ko the fleece of the sheep, and the portion taken from 
tho loins rivals it in silkiness and softness. The meat is highly esteemed by 
Iho Indians. The animal is used as a beast of burden, and is extremely affec- 
tionate to its shepherd. 

Tho alpaca Is a liltle smaller than the llama, and like tho latter. Is used to 
earry burdens on short Jonmcys, from 75 to 100 pounds being a load. But the 
alpaca ia most esteemed for Its wool, which la long, soft, and plentiful. On 



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72 - bPAMim-AUBBIOAN IfitkKUAL. 

tiieildos, brettCi aud bttck the fleeoe ft from 8 to li^ inohet Ioak* H-'to «f> 
varions coloRi, and at timen spotted. Tho wool is somewhat protocted Vjra 
long, fine hair; the fleece is therefore wool and hair comhined. The Bi^Haiia 
shear it in June and December every year. 

The ffuanaco in its general appearance resembles the llama, but its fleeoo is 
more shaggy. 

The yicufia is the smallest and most delicate of the indigenous sheep. It* 
wool is also tho finest, and hence it is tho most highly prized^^When olemed 
of tho hair which grows with it, it is indeed very valuable. That on ttio hmlL 
is nnmlxed with hair; on tho rest of the body tho hair is longer than the 
WOOL On tho belly the wool is white. It is esUmated that about 2S<MXK> 
vicnfias are hunted down yearly. ^ , ^ ^ . -^ 

It is not known how much of the wool of these native sheep goes out of t!i« 
country, as the authorities do not classify it; but there is reason to betieTe 
that the quantity is not great Most of tho several staples is consumed- at 



of colors, and far superior in texture to the best woollens of commerce. The 
best of these fabrics arc made in Catamarca (Argentine Republic) and inaeme 
other of tho upper provinces, but not in sufficient quantity to meet tho de- 
mand. Tho great merit of these ponchos, shawls, etc., is that they are imper- 
vious to water, and at tho same timo light and fine. They command vory 
high prices, ranging from UOO to $500 according to finish. To make them re- 
quires months of constant labor. As the vicufia is becoming scarce, the prioe 
must soon be still higher. 

Tho absence of laws for the protection of these sheep will bring about their 
gradual extermination. In Patagonia both Indians and settlers are making 
havoc among them. In tho north-western portion of the Ai^entina their 
wholesale slaughter is not common, as the animals are essential to the re- 
<ralrements and comfort of each family. In Peru and Bolivia, it is under- 
stood, there are laws for their protection. 

Manufactures in Uruguay are confined to a few coarse articles for home 
consumption. 

In Bolivia are made fine and coarse cloth, cordage, leather, 
fikins, ^ass, etc., jipijai)a hats and other hats. 

The coarse cloth made is known under the name of toeuyo. The number of 
looms in Cochabamba nms into tho hundreds. Santa Cruz produces good 
oordago from vegetable fibres, leather, skins, glass, etc. Fine cloths aro man- 
ufactured from tho hair of tho llama, oJpaca, etc., in La Paz: vicuila-wool hats 
in Atacama; silver-wiro vessels in tho mining districts. The Indian women 
make several Idnds of common goods. The Indians also know how to make 
gunpowder. 

It cannot be said that Perd has advanced much in manu* 
facturing. However, many excellent articles are made, mostly lor 
home consumption, exceptmg, perhaps, a few jipijapa hats which 
are carried abroad. 

The Indians make cotton and woollen goods of inferior quality, though 
strong and lasting, straw hats, mats, coarse pottery, and other articles of 
domestic use. Lima manufactures gold-lace and fringes, and trinkets. Ta- 
rona makes ponchos. Arequii>a is famous for its gold and silver tissues. 
Ouzco excels in embroidery, furniture, carving, as well as in painting and 
sculpture. There ore in the vicinity of Lima brick and lime kilns, several 
flKitories of glass and one for making paper from the yucca fibre. Tanning 
and dyeing, and making soap and glue aro among the Industries. They also 
have in Lima steam saw-mills and flour-mills, cotton factories and breweries. 
Gas is made in tho city. Nearly aU tho pans or vessels used on the sugar 
estates are made in the city. 

Chili is quite a manufacturing country, though most of its 
products, except thos3 classiQed under the terms agricultural or 
mining, are consumed at home. 

There are factories for making hemoen goods, cordage, soap, leatheri obar- 



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MAMUVAOTiniBS. 7S 

«3^fttmin^» and common articles of gold» lilver, copper, and iron, dar 
fiijdlB, and ponchos. These ponchos are saperlor to aay aitiele of tke wmm 
mado in England or France. 

fhene are many large milling estaUlshmants in Chili As a general z«le, 
flour of a very superior quality is produced. Most of the mills have been erect- 
ed by American millwrights, and the best millers in the country— proprteliMV 
aad workmen— are Americans. 

The brewing business has taken In late years rapid strides. There are many 
breweries which have a capital invested running into the hundreds of tnoit- 
sltndaof dollars. Most of them are conducted by Ctermans, and a large mnm- 
ber torn out light ales of excellent quality. 

There are two woollen cloth factories in the country; the largest situated at 
I^Xiiidt turns out 800 to &00 meters of cloth daily, at prices varying from ffLTb to 
S4 the meter. Its capital is $450,000, of which |^},O0O represent the cost of the 
faeUx^, The wages of the male operatives range from 10 cents to 11.25 a day, 
and those of the females from 80 cents to $1; boys aro paid from 25 to S3 cents. 
The dyes and drugs are imported from Europe, and one^izth of the wool 
^mes from the Argentine Republei. Chili produces five-sixths of the woeL 
ths sulphuric acid, tartar, sulphate of copper, and soda-ash. The quality of 
the cloth produced is very fair; but the finest is inferior to the European arti- 
cle. However, a gardual improvement in this latter respect is taking 
place. 

Tho number of f ounderles and machine shops in 1888 was 20; this numberdli 
not include tho government railway workshops at Valparaiso, Santiago, and 
Concepcion, nor the workshops of private lines. Nearly all the private estab- 
lishments are owned and managed by Englishmen ; the work done, especiidly at 
Valparaiso, is of a flrst-clsss character. The raw materials, excepting the eoal« 
a» well as the p]«uit, are imported. 

Thcr3 wero numerous coach-building, and wheelwright establishments, bat 
e!icepting those which are in the hands of foreigners, English, Americana, 
and Germans, the work turned out is of the rudest and 'Clumsiest. Americans 
should not send out vehicles made in the United States, but study the businesfe 
am the spot. This would probably be a good field for them to enter. 

There were two large rope-walks at which good cordage and twines were 
manufactored by machinery. 

Thcro were also two paper-mills, which confined themselves to making 
coarso wrapping paper. 

Thero "was a large sugar refinery at Valparaiso, the raw material used eon- 
ingfiromPerd;theproduct, though fair, does not equal thatof the United States. 

Bottles and glasswaro ar^ made at Lota. The bottles made aro of fair 
<|clo^ty: but the glassware is very inferior. 

The mannfactariDg indostriesof thethreeialandsof St. Domingo^ 
Cuba, and Porto Bicoareof little importance, except as regards the 
preparation o! agricultural products i<» market, and themanufact- 
uroof cigars and cigarettes in Cuba, chiefly in Habana, which is 
arvery large business. 

The most celebrated factories of cigars made of Vuelta Abajo tobacco aro 
established in Ilabana. Not less than 100 first-class, and innumerable minor 
etfabllshments aro devoted to that industry. Tho number of brands usually 
is 1^)00: tho average daily production of cigars is set down at 2,600)000. Thero 
are in the city of Habana some iron founderies, machine-shops, carriage and 
soap factories, etc. 

Tho development of manufactures in the United States was the 
result of their war a^iinst Great Britain in 1812-15, which practically 
put a stop to American trade. Heavy dutios were laid on foreign 
manufactured goods, which really meant English goods. Ameri- 
can mechanical ingenuity was developed, and machinery was 
invented to utilize the raw material of the country, especially 
«ieftton. Beads were improved, to supplement the advantages of 
iSne navi^i^lo lakes and rivers; steamboats were finally brought 
.iiijfco requisition on the inland waters. Canals and railways have 
in flilll later years added focilities of commuaioation, wfalek 



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74 KPANI8B-AMISBICAN KAKUAL. 

help to develop on an enormous scale the country's varisd 
industries. 

Notwithstanding the heavy import duties levied on British 
labrlcs, the latter LtOl competed with the American, selling, it is 
true, at prices which barely covered the cost of production. The 
import duti3S were then made higher. With occasional changes, 
the system of protecting American manufactures became c|tab- 
lishedy and under it they have increased to immensD proportuHis. 
MasEachusetts, Ehodo Island, New York, and Pcnnsvlvania wer^. 
the states where the cotton industry had its greatest development,' 
Lowell, in the first named, having tho mcst oxtensivo factories. 
American factory towns— Lowell being tho most noted-r-havo this 
imdisputed advantage over the Euglish, that they do not exhibit the 
misery of tho latter; tho workers are clean, well clothed, and well 
fed. Education being more prevalent in the United 8tates, and 
wages being higher, tho workers profit by public libraries, and 
have social enjoyments of a sux)erior order. 

Oreat Britain is tho only country in Europe whero the wages of labor are 
within ono-half of what thoy are in tho United States. In Germany, France, 
Belgium, and Switzerland wages aro not one-third of what they are in the 
North American republic. Tho wages of women employed in Manchester cot- 
ton-mills do not average even ^60 a year. Tho average of men's wages in 
German factories is less than U15 a year, and that of women less than C53 a y ear. 
In Munich, a great centre of civilization and fine arts, women having a num- 
ber of children to support, saw wood in the streets for 1> cents a day. In 
Belgium 43 cents represent tho day's wages of a man, and 22 cents those of a 
•woman. Tho highest pail labor, in steel and Iron, is only 83 cents a day. 
Thopayinthocotton-millsof Naples is 23 cents a day; that of marble and 
granite cutters 4D to 60 cents a day according to skill : of coachmen 80 cents; of 
women and girls in lace factories, lOcents and 7 cents each, respectively. Of the 
men in the glass-works of Italy-only tho skilled blowers get-U per day. Labor- 
ers on farms receive 15 to 13 cents a day, and work from sunrise to sunset* In 
Switzerland skilled men and women engaged in tho manufacture of silk goods 
aro paid for their day's hard work, 43 cents the former, and 20 cents the 
latter. In Glasgow, tho great steamship factory of tho world, 41,000 families 
out of 100,003, live each family in a single room, and half tho men and women 
aro usually without work. That ono room for a whole family, father, mother, 
daughters, bous, tells tho story of tho miserable wages the laborer gets drag- 
ging him down to abject poverty. 

The extensive orders constantly received from all parts of the 
world by American manufacturers is proof positive of a general 
recosnition of tho superiority of their fabrics. In spite of unfavor- 
able conditions in 1877, which gave a drooping tendency to botli 
cotton and manufactures, some progress was made during tho year 
by tho manufacturer as well as the producer of cotton. The manu- 
facturers had succeeded in oponing now markets for their goods, 
which ofTered a hopeful prospect for the future. 

The export of cotton manufactures gradually, though slowly, increased be- 
tween 1872 and 1874 from ^2,834,333 to ^8,091,832; in 1876 they rose to ^,722,078, 
and in 1877 to |10,180,984. A small total, indeed, but encouraging. Tho business 
has pro^^ressod ever since. In tho southern states tho manufacture of cotton 
fabrics was more satisfactory thnn in tho northern states. Tho people of the 
south have learned to be economical : they now raise their food supply ta well 
as their cotton, and have cheap labor under their control. Tho homo C09- 
tumption of raw cotton In 1831 was 77,633,000 lbs.» and tho value of tho fab^^ 
f40,7oO,003; ten years later tho consumption of fibr6 was 105,003,003, and .the 
total value of tho products nearly 25 per cent, morethan that of 1831: the value 
«l those of New York and Massaehusetto exceeding, in 1841, $20,003,000 eaplk 



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MAMUFACnmSS. 



7ft 



Tba^lollowixig table shows how maoh cottou haybeen used by mannfaoluwi 
in the north and south of the republic In six years: 



. Mills 


1872 


1878 


1874 


1875 


1876 


1877 


Tbken by 
NorOiem mills.. 
Southern mills.. 

Total 


Bales 

977,540 

123,030 


Bales 

l,C68,465 

187,662 


Bales 

1,177,417 

128,6:6 


Bales 

1,(.62^£2 
145,07J 


Bales 

1,211,598 

145,000 


Bales 

1,288,418 

147.00P 


1,097,543 


1,231,127 


1,835,943 


1.207,601 


1,856,508 


1,485,418 





Cotton Manufactures, January 1, 1881. 

Number of looms 280,228 

Number of spindles- 10,921,147 

Nun bcr of bales of cotton used 1,586,481 

.Number of persons employed 181,628 

* The tfbore figures do not include hosiery mills, or any mills known as wool- 
len mills whore cotton may be a component material. 

Woollen manufactures in the United States rank next to those 
of Cotton. Improved by the introduction of Saxony sheep the 
American staple became abundant and of better quality. 

The chief centres of the woollen industry in the United States are in th^ 
New England States, and in Now York and Pennsylvania. In 1870 Massachu- 
setts held tho first position in woollen goods. New York in hosiery, and Pcnn* 
sylvania in capital invested i n worsted goods and in the production of carpets; 
fho industry had reached its maximum in 1872, after which there was a 
marked decline. In 1876 n great many mills and machinery lay idle. Th» 
extent of tho industry including wooUen goods, worsted goods, hosiery, and 
earpetf other than rag> was as f<mows for 1860 and 1870: 



• 

Number of establishments » 

Number of persons employed 

Capital invested 

Waires naid 


1860 


1870 


1,678 

50,522 

C42,849,982 

^13,861,602 

85,634,:461bs. 

21,140,403 lbs. 


8,456 
119,8:9 
1132,882,819 
t40,857,235 
J 173,880,069 lbs. 
f 46,581,106 lbs. 
82,473,680 lbs. 
19,574,261 lbs. 
1134,11:4,615 
♦217,668,826 


Wool used, domestic ( 

do. foreign J 

Cotton used.. 

Bhoddv used 


Value of all materials 


'^46,643,865 

^80,734,606 


Value of products. 





The value of the products of 1880 is set down at about 1285,800,000. 

The manufacture of silk in the United States has had a remart:- 
ablo development. In various parts of the country the soil and 
climato are well adapted for silk culture. In fact there seem to be 
no natural obstacles to it throughout the middle and southern 
pCKrtions of tho republic. With a suflScient supply of the raw 
material, and with the aid of tho most skilled European operatives, 
and of new and improved machinery, there is good reason tp 
ei^MK^t that American factories will supplant the other great alt 
industries of the world. 

The total product of silk raised in the United States in 1840 was set down at 
41i|b52 lbs , worth about (200,000; in 1844, 8:6,793 lbs., valued at U,400,000; but in 
ISoOlt was only under 15,000 lbs. The census of 1870 gives no information on 
sUk culture, nor is there any to be found for 1875. The culture and maoufaot- 
ore of ailk has been attempted in California with prospects of successful re- 



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76 BPANISB-AMBBKOAII MAKllAL. 

rnDts. 'Tlte gross ralae of silk manafactorefl in 1890 was ondivr 
000, and in 1880 about |SO,OoO,000, to wit: machine twist, '' 
drew goods, 48,886,5!^; faaodkerchiefs, 48|M8,125; litrtxms, wiono^ago^ 
irinRM» dress and cloak trlmraings, (8,590,MOl AH other manalactiuad silk* 
i7f486»ei&. During the last three years ending on the 81st of Prrrmlien WKr; 
^e.lnMK>rts of piece coods at New York (where 85 per cent of the silk -Jpsoda 
sent to the tJaited States are entered) averaged |1S^,000^ anmt 
less than |15,000»000 annually for the following three years, or a Mmg 
efif-of about 23 per cent. Meanwhile the American i>roduction increased pro- 
portionally. In 1880 the net value of American silk products was|84«Qi8,728 
against (83,305,460 of imports; In 1885 there were manufactured intheUiutoa 
Btates silk goods to the value of 150.000,000 against <25,000,000 of imports. In 
other words, five years previously American factories supplied half the domes- 
tic demand; In 1885 they already supplied two-thirds of it. The city of Pater- 
son, in New Jersey, alone turns outoverUO,000,OOOw(»thof finished silk goods 
annually. 

The North American republic has become the great watch and 
dock making country of the world. Formerly it depended on 
Europe for its supply of clocks and watches ; now it exports tbem 
largely to the Old World. American penius, far surpassing ib» in- 
ventions of Europeans, and surmounting every mechanical difficul- 
ty, has built up a factory system by steam for watch and clock mak- 
ing, and revolutionized this industry, which demands a high order 
of skill. Holland, England, Switzerland, and France held supiesie 
SW^ ii^ this branch of manfacture, from the tiniest loeket- 
piece to the mantel, shelf-comer, or wall clock. All this hasuad^^ 
foiie a change, brought about by American machinery. It ^i|g 
been a truly wonderful change. 

Let us consider what the Waltham Steam Watch-making company hscs^ ac- 
complished. Their spring-dials of various kinds, from the smallest watches 
to t^e largest clocks, find a ready sale in every centre of the trade, competing 
with the old manufacturing centres. Machine-made watches have threatdned 
the extinction of Swiss watches as a paying industry. Statistics show thai the 
Swiss export of watches to the United States, the chief market, betweenilSTO 
andl877, sank from 13.300,000 to>700,000. This in a country where the popula- 
tion grows most rapidly, the Swiss and kindred elements forming naslnall 
portion of it, and whose national predilections in many instances incun^ to- 
wfudthe old country's work, as is but natural. The English watch-making In- 
dus^ has not sufilBred so much because it has been more confined to chi^no- 
meters, duplex, and other time-keepers of the highest grade for accuraoy,iand 
such work has had a large demand for scientific and special purposes. iThe 
Swiss, however, awoke from their lethargy, and introducing modifications in 
their system of manufacture have recovered much of their lost groun(|« and 
notwithstanding the development of American production, have managed to 
export to the United States about 12,500,000 worth of watch-movements, with- 
out cases, yearly. 

The iron, steel, copi)er, and tin manufacturing business of the 
coimtry is also very extensive and valuable. Besides rum, dis- 
tilled from molasses, other beverages are made, whiskey from corn 
and rye beiog prominent. Refining train-oil and petroleum is also 
nn important industry. The manufacture of flour has prospered 
greatly. Glass, jewelry, paper, soap, hats, and candles have been 
unproved, in somi) instances by the us3 of good machinery. Rub- 
ber and leather goods are made of the best quality. Sewing-ma- 
cbinoB have been a specialty of the country. Tcbacco and cigars, 
chemicals and drug-?, and household furnitpre have also fomiea 
Q<)Dsi4erablo items of manufacture. 



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MMltrWACTUtatB, 77 

TtMBmOue of mftattfactuied prodncts in the United States in IMO was only 
IMNNI||0OO,OOO; in 1886 it bad reached { 8,3JO,000»000. The home consumption of 
t ht w p r o dncts it 98 per cent. Ninety-two per cent of all the manuxactuied 
gooda consumed in the United States is home-made; only 8 per cent, is 
imported, whereas.25 years, preyiousiy 90 per cent was imported, and only 
lAper^cent was mad#at4iome. The little State of Connecticut produces more 
8ilr«p>plat«d ware than Russia. The State of New York buys more of it than 
aHHRmtinental Europe: Franceezcepted^whlle-the United States uses more 
of It than all other nations. The reason is that the United States is the only 
conntiy where the farmer, mechanic, and eyen the common laborer can 
affll»rdtou8e such ware. Diversified industries and the payment of living 
wages have rendered such things possible. Another most satisfactory result 
isscdninlbe deposits of the savings banks, which increased in nine maun- 
faetnring States from f 160,000,000 in 1869, to |1|100,000,000 in 1886. The single 
stateof New York added |UO,003,000 more to its deposits during these 25 yeaxs 
than Bngland, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales combined. The following tabl» 
shows the capital invested, number of hands employed, the amount oiw 
pal^ the value of materials used, and the value of products, for all the e 
utftoients of manufacturing industry (gas excepted) in the 47 States ■< 
TMoAtixies, (exclusive of Alaska) as returned in the census of 1880: 



Prodaotion in the United States of Piff-Iron. 

Number of furnaces in January, 1884.... ;683 

Production of 1880 4,2^5,414 tons (of 2,000 poimds) 

•♦ " 1881 -..4,641,664 " ** 

•• " 1882 5478,122 *• " *« 

•« «• 1883 ....5,146,972 •• ** " 

** " 1884 4,180,613 " " " 

" •• 1885 4,t29,8fc9 " " 

•« *• 1886 «6,866,6t8 «* •* " 

'Tlietotal number of furnaces existing in December, 1886 was 677. ^^Mal 
pfOQmfftlon of pig-iron in the eight years from 1879 to 1886, S7,8l7«7o7 cons of MM 
pounds each. /The production of 1886 was more than double that of 1S99. 



Production of Steel In the United States. 

1883, Ingots, tons of 2,240 pounds 16,735,842 

1883, r21s, •* *• •* - 1,148,799 

In 1185 the Bessemer steel produced amounted to l,5i:),426 tons, and tMMB- 
hcarth steel in 1886, 245,606 tons. 

- Thcicoal area in square miles, in 1886-7, was nearly 12,000. Some cstinmtes 
makotho coal area of the United States to bo 600,OUO square miles, iacludiiEHr 
tiiepermian and tertiary coals, but this is mere conjecture. ProductloB ol 
miiMxaleoal in 1886, 106,780,033 tons of 2,143 pounds. 



Statement of the Salt Industry of tho United States for 1880. 

Number of establishments 264 

Capital employed ^8,225,740 

Salt produced, bushels 29;800,298 

Value of the product |4,817,C36 



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78 BPANISa-AMEiaCAN M^niAL. 

CompftratiTe Table of I^eading; Manaflaeturoflf 18YO— 1880. 



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MANVFACTUBKS. 79-85 

IB 1888 the n. a nunnf actnnd 14,000,000 lbs. of totaceo, 400,000 Vtm.-ot rauff. 
4,000,000,000 diiFAn, and ],ii0O.OOD,O0O oiprarcttes. 

Afgragata Talae of nuurafactures produced in censas yetr 1880^ f54K:9,C79,191. 

Aggregate Talae of manof acturea produced in cenans year 1870, ( 4^,r25,442. 

Aggregate ralne of manof actorea produced in censna year 1839, i 13^5,861,676. 

Aggregate valne of manuf acturea produced in censuayear 18^0, i l,019,108i616. 

Ko letnma of manuf acturea approximating eompleteneaa were made in any 
eenana prior to 18^0. 

Tlie total Taluo of the prodneta of agriculture, manufacturea, mining, for- 
estry, and fiiheriea of the United Stat^ in the year ending June 80,1888, wot 
eatimated aa at least $10,000,000,000. 

In tho same vear 1883 the operations of the United States Patent 
ofBoe were as follows, 

Number of appUoationi.....................».^...» .^.84,670 ' 

g umber of caveats filed. 2,741 ' > 

umber of potenta ia8aed.....».................................22,88S 

Cash received at the Patent offioe.............^.....41,i43,240 

Cash expended by the *' 675,234 

Surplus cash «. 471)006 

. there are no manfoacturing industries, to speak of, in the British^ 
firench, Danish, or Dutch West Indian possessions other than 
those connected with agriculture and mining, of which I have 
Bpoken in the first division, and with repairing vessels, building 
boats, etc. Manufactured eoods used in those colonies are im- 
portad from Europe or the United States. 



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ni. COMMERCK 

iLfter the discovery of America, the Canary islands were for a 
loD|^ limo cf greater valuo to Spain, commerciany, than the new 
continent, except as regarded the precious metals. But the time 
camo when the Spaniards gave their cxclnsivo attention to the gold 
and silver mines cf America. Tho necessaries of life rose in fHice, 
first in Spain, and afterwards thronghout Eorope. America was 
less a trading than a mining possession of Spain. It is not the 
province cf this book to givo a history of tliat nation ; but a3 a 
|)oint connected with American interests daring her domination* 
It will not bo ont of placo to say here that her peculiar policy 
brought about her decadence* S^carcel^r had a century elapsed 
irince the cstabliihment of Spain's empire in America, when in 
spite of her fine coasts and harbors, her rich soil, and splendid cli- 
mate, she sank into poverty, ignorance, and helplessness. Eat)y 
in the 17th century, ner population was reduced one half, her live- 
stock to a third of her {Previous quantity. Finally she lost the bulk 
jot her American colonies. 

Tho policy of the Spanish crown, at this period, has no parallel 
in the history of mankind. To drain the American colonies of their 
wealth, and drawit to Spain was the whole aim of its legislation ; and 
a prohibitive system of trade was practized which clearly showed its 
inaifferonce to colonial prosperity. Articles of necessity or luxury 
called for by the Americans had to be brought exclusively from 
Spain, and trading with forei?ners was mado a heinous offense. 
Cmo only port of Spain— Seville first, and Cadiz afterward— was 
I)ermittcd to trade with America. The immense infiux into the 
peninsula of precious metals, bv making labor almost unnecessary, 
causod a general decline in ail kinds of industries; and Spain, 
which had formerly been a great industrial nation, had to resort to 
foreign markets, not only to supply home consumption, but also the 
needs of the colonies. This naturally increased the drainage of 
wealth from America. The foreign merchandise reached the 
colonies at greater cost becauso of additional duties and traders' 
profits. Such a system developed smuggling as a regular indusbry, 
with the usual accompaniment of corruption of officials. The 
contraband trade flourished, especially when the mother country 
. was at war with one or more foreign powers, and her commerce was 
reduced to tho lowest ebb. Indeed, smuggling became so firmly 
grafted that it could not be suppressed. It is true that there were 
occasional intervals of animation perceptible in Spanish commerce 
during the 17tii and 18th centuries, but they were merely spas- 
ukkUc. 

Tho regulations governing intercolonial traffic were no better 
devised. The same spirit was at the bottom, producing similar 



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8f 

^MIiB<to tliOfi» regarding trade with foreign Dfttio^ JL direct trad# 
«ra»iillowed, however, between Now Bpain and tlio Philippineit 
lliMiagh Acapulco, sabject to many reetrictionB. Under a new 
Mnchisa wltii increased privile^ajrantsdia 1734, the I hilippine 
liAdeiloariBhedtiU^ear the endoT thooentory, tlie imports into 
IpemSpain coneistins chiefly of raw silk, ccdcnred cotton fabrlc^^ 
and Chinesa earthem-waro. By 1794 the trade, however, had se 
sooch decreased that no fairs were held in Acapulco for lack of 
attaidance. In 1792 and 1793, and in the following year no Hed 
The trade afterward revived somewhat; according to Ilun- 



bbldt the amount of bullion annually shipped averaged $J,000,Ov)Q» 
and sometimes reached $1,800,000. Besides the Thilippines trad« 
•tiAcapulco, there was sometrading carried on between Now Spain 
And P^ at the same port, but under such restri^'tlons as to reduce, 
it to a very limited scale. Two vessels of 200 tons burden each 
W^ permitted annually to visit Acapulco, and tho goods they to<A 
fttiM an export duty of two and a half per cent Later only ono vessel 
was permitted under still greater restrictions, and in 1034 oven 
thisjpetty concession was withdrawn. Tho clamps were thus tight=- 
enedforthe benefit of the Seville monopolist. During tlio 18th 
eentoiy the trade was somewhat revived, but it was only in 1704 
that bpain understood how wrong had been the i)olicy till tlien 
pursued, and free trade batwesn tho colonies was decreed. The 
wise and true-hearted C^lcs III had begun since 1765 somo what 1» 
rdax the prohibitions, opening a number of jwrtiof h>paiii to trade 
with certain colonies, and in 1778 the privilege was extended to all 
the Indies. These liberal measures gave much impulse to com- 
merce. Finally, tho system of fleets under convoy was abolished, 
and in 1799, owing to war between England and Spain, neutral 
vessels were permitted to trade directly between tho Peninsula and 
the colonies. That permission was followed by a Htill moro liberal 
law, which remained in force from 1805 to tho middle of 1809. After 
this, occasional permits were given to parties residing in tho colo* 
nies to bring cargoes from foreign ports. About tho samo time, 
andlater on, other measures wero adopted to remove all impedi- 
ments to trade. Tho latest one, cf 1820, opening several pcrts on 
the two seas to commerce, was not carried out. Licit trade contin- 
neji, however, at Vera Cruz and Acapulco. 

Ijie routes of intercommunication and travel to Spanish- Amer- 
ica are as follows : to tho ix)rts of Mexico on tho gulf of Mexico, 
the islands of St. Domingo, Cuba, and Porto I^ico, and (he ports of 
Central and South America on the Atlantic coast, by sailing vessels 
or steamers from the United States or Europ:^ ; tho ports of Mexico 
and Central America on tho Pacific aro usually reached by steam 
or sailing vessels from Panamd, or from tho ports of tho United 
Slates situated on the same ocean. Sailing vessels from Atlantic 
ports, visiting those in the Pacific, go and como round Capo Horn. 
TOe ports of South America, on the west or Pacific coast, are reached 
bgp.fileamships sailing from Panamd, or by steamers crossing the 
«fcraite of Magellan. Tho facility of communication across the isth- 
mvifi of Panamd by railway has existed since 1855, from whidi 
isovesal stewnship lines under various flags, have conveyed 



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S8 SPANILH-AMBBICAN MANUAL. 

mails, merchandise, and passengers on the Atlantic; sea to and 
from Ccdon, and on th3 radfic, to and from Panamd. Most of tb» 
steamers on the Atlantic side touch at the ports of the Woat Indies 
in going aad coming. Communication by stoamsliip between ihd 
island of Cuba and Europe, and bstween Cuba and the United 
States is quite frequent. The other Antilles are also regularly 
visited by mail steamers. 

Early In 1886 the Mexican Transatlantic Steamship company having failed 
4o meet itd liabilities, the ships were seized for debt and sold. The grovtru- 
ment nt a later date granted to the Spanish Transatlantic Steamship compamj 
a JBuhsidy of 13,0(K) for each round trip, besides a decrease of 2 per cent on the 
dntiesaccmiugon cargo brought by Its steamers. Other powers, in view of 
this, (laimed the treatment of the most favored nations. • 

' The following lines make use of the isthmus of Panam& for their operations) 
4o-wit: 

American: The Pacific Mail Steamship company, having steamers which 
mu between New York and Colon, between Pauamd and the several Central 
American ports; and between San Francisco and Panama, via Acapulco nu4 
other Mexican ports north of Acapulco. English : The Royal Moll Steamship 
company, whose steamers render service from Southampton to Colon and 
Barranqullia, and Santa Marta, and maintain the communication with all the 
West India islands and Vera Cruz, etc. English: A lino of steamers plies 
between Ptuiam& and Guayaquil. English: Another line, the Pacific Steam 
wavigotlon company, runs from Panam& to the South Pacific as far as Volpa- 
raiso. Tho last two lines are managed by a company of Liverpool. The line 
to tho South Pacific runs weekly each way from Panam& to Callao,caU- 
^ns at the ports of Buenaventura, Tumaco, Guayaquil, Payta, connecting at 
Callao with their line to Valparaiso, and calling at eighteen different ports 
«long tho coast This line therefore connects the west coast of South Ahiorica 
^th Liverpool, via Panam&. It also connects that coast with Liverpool via 
tho btraits of Magellan. The lino from Panamd to Guayaqui I runs one steamer 

S3r month each wav, calling at Ballenita, Mantn, Esmeraldas. Tumaco. and 
uonaventnra. English: The West India and Pacific Steamship lino, Livert>ool 
and tho mouth of the Magdalena river, touching at several west India ports, 
and making tho voyage to Barranquilla in fifteen days. A steamer leaves 
€olOD for Colombian ports and Europe almost every day under the flag of 
England, France, Spam, etc. The Pacific Mail Steamship company is tho only 
American line. There ought to be a regular lino from tho Gulf portsof the 
United States running to Colon, as well as from New York. At Cartagena, about 
fifteen transatlantio steamers arrivo monthly. Tho Spanish lino of tho Mar- 
quis del Campo attempted in 1887 to place its ships between Panama and San 
Francisco, touching at the Central American ports; but after a short trial dis- 
eontinueu tho service. American steamers oralnarlly run between San FraBi- 
cisco and Guaimas, and also between San Diego and ports in Lower Cal- 
ifornia. 

There is a regular communication by steam between St. George's in the 
Bermudas, and New York, tho government of the colony subsidising tho line. 

The following lines of steamships visit the port of Kingston: The 
Compagnio G6n6ralo Transatlantique. This company runs dim^rcnt llnes^ 
viz: between Havre and New York; between St Nazairo and Colon, touching 
at Pointe-a-Pltrc; Basso Terre, Saint Pierre, Fort-de-France, La Guaira, Puerto 
Cabello, and Sabanilla; between St Nazairo and Vera cruz, touching at 
Habana; an auxiliary lino performs tho ser\'ico from Fort-do-Franco tocay- 
«nnc: between Marseilles and Colon, touching at Fort-do-France, Saint Pierre, 
Pointe-a-Pitro, Basse Torre, Bt Thomas, Ponce and MayagUez ia Porto Rioo, 
and Santo Domingo; betAveen Uavre, Bordeaux and several ports in St pd< 
mingo and Hayti, touching at Saint John (Porto Rico) and St Thomas; ancf, 
between Ilavro, Bordeaux and Colon, via Polnte-a-Pltro, Basse Terre. Saint 
Pierro, Fort-de-France, Trinidad. Campadono, La Guaira, Puerto Cabello, and 
Sabanilla. Spanish : The line of Marquis del Campo plies from Cuba to Colon 
«nd Barranquilla, etc. German: Uamburg Steamship line. This line also 
.eonnects Hambunr with Callao, via tho straits of Magellan. English : Steam- 
ship line from Liverpool. Tho Atlas Steamship companv has ships plying 
twice a month between Now York and Colon. Tho Royal Mail Steam packet 
company, having six transatlantic mail ships, fivo cargo slilps, three for Inter- 
colonial service, and two on the Golf route. The West luAa and PmIAo 



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COMMBRCK. "^f 

tip company (Umitedy withrl6 shipir; the Clyde line between Jamaica^ 

l^don, and Glasgow: and the Atlas Steamship company from Now York and 
Kingston, every fortnight. There is also a steamer doinj Jamaica coastwis* 
•enrlce. leaving Kingston every ten days, and visiting 14 ports on the voyage 
out find back. 

There is constant communication by steam between the United States and 
Habano. 

- Tholittle island ofCura^oa is also connected with the outer world by the 
Jnrench Transatlantique company. 

Brazil liberally subsidises steamship lin3S to keep up regular 
oommunication with Europe and the United States, and between 
her several river ports. 

In 1886 there were 23 lines of steam vessels receiving subsidies every year 
from the Brazilian government to tho amount of ^1,003.003 a year. The 
North American lino of steamers pi ving between New York and Bio had a 
BrazUinn yearly subvention of U00,030. 

In 1877 there were about thirty companies— their number hasprobably bee» 
Increased since— both foreign and native, which bad steamships navigating 
Brazilian waters, some of them receiving subsidies from tho gotemmentj^and 
several carrying on tho river trade. The steamers of the Amazon Com- 
pany (British) plying on that river to Tabatinga* and ascending some of it» 
most important tributaries, traveUed in 1877, collectively, 2746 miles, touched 
at 123 stations, and conveyed 13,976 passengers, and 23,003 tons of merchandise^ 
besides tho mails. Other companies performed tho same service on other 
Mbutaries of tho Amazon, and on tho Sao Francisco and others flowing into 
tho Atlantic; and finally from Montevideo, on the Plata, Paranft, and Paraguay 
to Cuyabd in Matto Grosso. 

It is understood that the Argentine Republic paid a heavy yearlv subsidy to * 
the Bermejo River Navigation company. 

Some of tho countries mentioned in this work havo ma^ificent 
fluvial systems, whic!i aflEbrd thom immense facilities for iatomal 
communication ; and others are not wholly devoid of this advantage. 
The most favored are Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, the Plate 
region, Bolivia^ Perd, and last, but by no means least, tho United 
States of America. 

In a country having the formation of Mexico, there is very little space for 
thodevclopment of largo river basins. Tho greater portion of tho existing 
streams are more liko mountain torrents rushing impetuously from terrace to 
terrace, seaward. Tho rivers aro of littlo uso for agricultural purposes, and 
aro navigablo only for short distances in their lower reaches. The Rio Grande 
•del Norte, by far tho largest, is navigablo by largo vessels only for a few miles 
from its port of Matamoros. Tho Rio Grande do Santiago, tho largest on the 
Pacific slope, is too much obstructed by falls and rapids to be of any use. On 
fhin coast tho next in importanco is the Rio do las Balsas, or Mescala, which, 
liko the Pdnuco, Alvarado, Coatzacoalcos, Grijalva, and Usumacinta emptying 
In the Mexican Gulf, is subjoct in the rainy soason to freshets. The chief 
rivers running into the Gulf of California are the Culiacdn, Puerto, Maya, 
Yaqui, and Colorado. This last named is navigablo by the largest vessels from 
tho frontier to its mouth. 

Asfor lakes, tho diminished size of the Andhuae lakes shows they havo 
been, since the Spanish conquest, drjring up. Lake Chapala, traversed by 
tho Rio Grande do Santiago, is given aa area of 1,83D miles. This lako is navi- 
gablo by steam. The Texcccj and Chalco, of thoso In the Andhuae plateau* 
aro worthy of notice for their splendid scenery. 

From tho liigh sierras and volcanoes of Central America descend 
numeroup streams which meet on the plains below, forming beauti- 
ful lakes, or swelling into rivers which flow on to tho sea. Ih3 
latter cannot be very long because of tho narrowness of tho region 
ihoy travers3, but they aro by no means insi^Qcant. Tho most 
important rivers aro the Usumacinta, known also as theLacand6n« 
'Faid6n, etc., in Guatemala, of about tho size of tho Graronne or 
Elbe in £uh>pe, or the Hudson in the United States; after drain* 



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99 BPAK(SH-AafBB¥CAN MANUAL. 

ing nesurly hall the state it pomrB its waters throag^eeverali 

into the bay of Campsche and the Lagnna de T^nninos. Vte 
Dulce unites tho ba^r of Honduras and Gtilf of Dulce. The Hbndn^ 
the Belize, or Old Kiver, the Mctagua, and thePolochic, the Bki«li> 
or Tinto, the San Juan del Norte, Coco, also known as Telpaneca 
and Wanks, Grande or Chocoyos, and tho Mico or Blewfields, (He 
Tipitapa, uniting lakes Nicaragua and Managua, the Paz, sepitral^ 
ing Salvador and Guatemala, and finally the rapid and deep Lempa, 
the largest on the western shore, and which at its lowest ebb exceeds 
40 jards in breadth. All these rivers are navigable for seoke 
distance, or can be made so by the expenditure cf money. 

Central America has eeveral lakes, some of which have occu0led 
the attention of scientists, statesmen, and merchants. The follow^ 
ing are the most noted ones : Tlie Atitlan , in Guatemala, covering 
upwards of^O square miles; believed to be unfathomable, a line 
of 300 fathoms not reaching bottom. It receives the waters of 
many rivers, but its outlet has not been found. Golfo Dulce or 
Izabal lake, is of about 50 miles in circuit. The small Amatitian, 
about twenty miles from the city of Guatemala. In Honduras, 
lake Yojos. In Nicaragua we have lake Nicaragua, whosa surplus 
waters flow to tho Atlantic by the river San Juan del Norte. Lake 
Nicaragua is a perfect inlana sea, 9G miles long, and 40 miles in 
its greatest breadth, forming an ellipse with its main axis due 
northwest to southeast. Its depth in some parts is 45 fathoms, 
and its area must be at least 2,000 square miles. Lake Mana<];ua 
is 33 or 39 miles long, and 16 in its greatest breadth. It has little 
depth and several sand-banks render its navigation difficult. 
Laguna de Masaya, 340 feet lower than the city of the same name, 
which is 750 feet above the sea-level. Its area is about 10 square 
miles. 

Colombia is well provided with water transit. Her principal 
rivers arc tho Magdaiena and Cauca, to which must be added the 
upper and lower Cauca, Funza, San Juan, Tuira, Chagres and 
Cnepo. The republic possesses also the right of navigating the 
Amazon and Orinoco, branches of both furnishiDg communication 
to tihem for the few towns existing on the eastern slopes of tho 
mountains. 



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IboOllaglMi Is nawigabl* for boworaboat 89 mXttb§,%aA torn 

JBbeftinR*. The Cbepo flows into toe bay of PananUL 

flibiall Hikes n^toond in the moantalns of Colombia. The OoataTlta to« 
small bistorlo lakonear QaataTlta, into which the Indians threw their i«l»- 
ables when they were about to abandon their country to the Spaniards at tha 
tlia»ef the conquest 

Tberiver Orinoco, which is chiefly situated in the State of Ri- 
Ifvsr (Venezuela) may bo called the key of the vast continent of 
Sboth America. Venezuela possesses many other streams, and also 
^9 famous lake Maracaibo, besides numerous other sheets <tf water 
of leea importance. 



Ecuador is liberally endowed with water-ways, nearly all of which 
are valuabio as a means of communication. The chief of them is 
ilba Amazon, which is known hero as the MaraHon, and on tha 
SQothem boundary of the reoublic receives several tributaries 
wMch take their waters within her boundaries. 

Tbe principal affluent is th( 
eooiBO a distance of about 603 
tiie Arajuno. Yasuni, Coca, A| 
Jonetion with the Amazon. 
moQth to the confluence of th< 
bgr canoes. The Pastaza has i 
steamers, and sixty moro by sn 
Nam and it Joins the Amaze 
pait of this river goes under th 
lakes Quinuas, Cajas, and Cul 
Ifarafion, near the town of its < 
is IKK) milca long, and may be o 
the liver Zamora and other im 
as the Chinchlpe, Morona, Tigi 
distKices. North of the Napo 
both of considerable importani 
of. Bcuador. The first comes i 
portion of Orlente, and flows ti 
the west of the cordillera Occl 
Guayaquil runs to the gulf of G 
and receives the waters of the 
Chones, Charapot6, Jubones, a 
and small craft. Ecuador ha 
several lagoons, the Yasruaroci 
largest 

Brazil has three fcreat basins, besides others of lesser importance. 
Thechiefbasin tothat of the Amazon; next is that of tlie Fsra- 
foay ; and lastly, that of the Bao Francisco. The river Amaa«n 



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^ff2 SPANISH- AMERICAN MANUAL. 

anditsftributaries afford commtinication with the sea thzookhoitt 
the provinc3 of Grao Pard, Amazonas, Matto Groeso, and Goyax^ 
whcn^ tho main stream meets the Parand numing Boath. 



tea, immediately opposite the head-streams of the Tapajos, aud it flows thence 
southward, fed by many streams from tho ran^e. Its principal tributary is the 
Ouyabd or SiU> Lourcn^o, which rises at a short distance cast of the I'arosuay, 
but joins it 403 miles to tho south. The Taquari, Mond(igo, and Apaare 
important tributaries from the range which divides the basins or the Faraway 
ana Parand; and from tho hills of eastern Bolivia the Ban Juan and Bahfa 
Negrra Join tho Paraguay on the right bank. The Paraguay is navigable 
throughout its course, and is regularly traversed by large Brazilian steamers 
from Ilio do la Plata to Curumbd, about 1,033 miles in direct line from Buenoa 
Aires. Thence smaller vessels carry on tho traffic for 200 miles farther, by the 
Silo Lourenso to Cuyabd in the heart of inner Bn^iL 

The whole Plato re^on, which inclaies the Argentine Republic, 
Umgoay, and Paraguay, enjoys, toj^ether with Brazil, the advaa* 



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COXMBBGB. 93 



tagea of water-wavs afforded by the Uraguay-Panui&-Paragiia7 
iQ/item of rivers, wnich united form the La Plata. 



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BPANISH-AltBBICAN MANUAL. 



one month's hard work to ascend. 

There are in Bolivia rivers of great importance, having their 
origin in the eastern slope of the cordilbra Real, and communi- 
cating with largo navigable rivers, which run iato the Atlantic 
ooean. Lake Titicaca also affords some facilities for internal trade, 
nie Fttro or Beni river has its origin In the vicinity of the city of La Pas; 



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COIOCBBOB. 



Ike doapey rises nesr Cochatemba, sweeps immnd ttie ooidUlera de ^dUlSks 
lMaa]lia«alt*soBt!tiemand eastern Iwses, and ioini the Mamore. The peal 
fildjtheauapef nin to the north-east to mliu^ their waters with those m m 
MMeira ano^the great Maiaflon or Amazon. The PilcamayOf rising; near TqltM 
Bm Chnqoisaca, and the Bermejo, forming together the TirlJaTall^« flow te 



the riyers Otuquis, Tucabaca. and LatirequiWt flowing to the > 

wcgM aflbrd the desired navigable route. Dnftculties have occi 

mhlqg has been accomplished.. Kavlgatipn having been recently opened da 
the Bermejo from the Pan^uay to the province of Jimiy on the southern fromtleir 
MBoIivfa, it is likely to afford to some extent an oiflet, and thus bring abaal 
ii development of the resources of that portion of Bo^via. Since the seizuxe w 
herseaKSoastby Chill in 1882, Bolivia has become perfectly land-loclced. tiet 
fmpeiga commerce passes through the Argentine territory, unburdened by«ny 
lax. 6he has, moreover, by this means, ready access to the Atlantic searboard. 
ThePUoomayo river being navigable throughout, with the completion of Che 
Northern Central railway^ an easy communication is established between both 
countries. 

L^e Titicaca or Chaquito on the northern extremitj of Bolivia^ 
id about 80 miles long by 40 broad; its area some 3,200 eqoaro 
miles^ and its greatest depth 700 feet. The frontier of Bolivia and 
Ferd Jpasses across the lake diagonally. The draiaage is carried 
«piithwiu*d by the Desaguadero river to the great swampy lake of 
iLtdhtgas in the south of Bolivia, while it is fed by streams fit>m 
the Andes and the central Cordillera. The Titicaca commnnicatei 
with the smaller lake Pansa. It is very irregular in its form, but ad^ 
tt^ of extensive navigation by small vessels. It is understood that 
€be Bolivian government has granted to an American citizen a f ran- 
ehi89l0 navigate by steamers the Titicaca and the DesaguaderOi 
The lake has been heretofore traversed by small steamboats, which 
in pieces, and with the utmost difficulty, were transported across the 
^oontiy. The object of the concession alluded to is to develop Ih^ 
mines which were worked in old times, and whose exploitation hall 
recency become an object of great interest. The source of tiie 
DeBaguadero is south of the Titicaca, 100 miles from the terminus ci 
arailtvay, and zigzags for about 183 miles through the Andes, nntU 
ft reaches lake AuUagas, which is a little lower than the Titicaca. 
The chief advantage of the aforesaid navigation is to render easy 
the transportation of ores to convenient railway stations. 

Ferd possesses the advantage of navigable water-ways, the chief 
rivers being the Maraflon, the HuaUaga, and the Uyacali. The 
lakes of the republic are the Chinchaycocha, Lauricocha, Titicaca, 
Arapa, Umayo, and others of still less importance. 

The HuaUaga river, rising north of Cerro de Pasco, and passing Huanuco, 
flows northward on the other side of the central cordiUera for 800 miles. Break- 
ing through the range at the Pango-^e Chasuta, it runs into the Maraflon. 
The Maraflon is supposed to rise in lake Lauricocha, flows northward in a deep 
gorgo between the Maritime and Central Cordilleras for 350 miles, and forces its 
way through the mountains at the Pongo de Manseriche. The Maraflon and the 
HuaUaga enter the forests in the northern portion of the Montafia region, unite 
after separate courses of 600 and 40O mUes, and flow eastward to the Brazilian 
frontier. The subsequent course of the Maraflon has been described in con- 
nection with Brazil's water-ways. The other rivers existing in Pen! ase 
tribufaries of the Uyacali, which is formed by the confluence of the Vilcamayn 
andtheTambo. Lake Cliinchay-cocha is 36 mUes long by seven miles broad, 
^nd 18,000 feet above the sea-leveL Lake Titicaca has been already described 
The Arupa, a few miles north of the Titicaca, is 30 mUes in ciroumferenoe. 
Lake Umayo is on higher ground, to the westward. 

Chili has numerous water-coursas traversing the interior for 6v 
4,500 kilometres. The rivers of Chili are much larger, and 



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90 SPANIBH-AMBBICAM MicMUAL. 

nmneroiis in the floaih than in the north. They are chiefly led 
by the melted snow from the Andes; bat winter rsdns often ii^ 
creaBc their volume of water. A f aw are navigable for a sboft dl»: 
tance, luid nearly all are of immense benefit to agricnttore. Th^ 
number of the most noted ones is 24. 

The largest river Is the BioblOf^hich after nmnlng 222 miles, emptiet Intp 
(he Pacific. The next is the Aconcasrua, 183 miles long, and is followed by thd 
Canten, and Maiile, each of which is about U) miles in lensth. There are oer-t 
era! lakes, most of them smalL The Villarica or Llauquen, however, meMttiw 
MX) square miles. The Aculco in Santiago occupies about 8,C0Q ac^es. 

The island of St. Domingo or Hayti has several rivers, nearly alj 
of which are obstructsd by sand-bars, and but few are navi^tblar 
even* for short distances; There are also numerous lakes. 

The river Ozama admits the largest vessels into the harbor, and for several 
miles is four fathoms deep. The lakes EnriQUillo or Jaragua, called by the 
French Etang 8al6, and Azua are salt; the former In the Neiva valley is 27 
miles long by 8 miles wide; and the latter is about half that size. South ol them 
Is the fresh-water lake Hicotea or Limon, of about the same extent as Uie Anuu 
and without any visible outlet 

The rivers of Cuba are of small extent; the^r flow toward the 
north and south. The only ones worth mentioning as navigable 
' Btreains are the Cauto and the Sagua. 

The Cauto rises in the Sierra del Cobre and falls into the bay of Buena Bspck 
lanza on the southern coast, after running about 1^0 miles, of which some GO 
mUes are navigable by boats, though obstructed at low water by ban. The 
Sagua rises in the Sierra del Escambray, and empties into the sea oppesite the 
Boca de Maravillas. It is navigable for about Ij miles. 

In Porto Rico there are a few mountain streams, navigable for a 
few miles by small vessels. The coast is lined with navigable 
lagoons. J 

The rivers of the United States of America are noted for their 
magnitude and importance. They are corpprisad within four 
distmct classes: 1st. The Mississippi and its affluents, which 
drain the region situated between the Alleghanies and the Bocky 
mountains. 2d. The rivers which rise in;the Alleghany chain and 
run into the Atlantic. 3d. llie rivers of the southern slopo flow- 
ing into the Gulf of. Mexico ; and 4th. Thosa which flow mto the 
RudSc ocean. There are other streams not included in the four 
dasses. The country is also endowed witn a most magnificent system 
of lakes ; in fact, few countries in tha world possess so many hi^ep 
as thd United States. In order to conuect all these natural water- 
courses, a general system of canals has been devised, which serve 
as links to join the S3veral rivers and lakes. Thus was establlidied 
an unequalled inland water communication from n(»th-ea8t to 
south, and from south to north-west 

The great natural water-ways are the following: The Mississippi with its 
afBnents. This river has a course of 8,403 miles, about 2,200 of which are navig- 
able; the Missouri, which after running some 2,L0D miles Joins the Mississippi 
at St. Louis, and is navigable from below the Rocky mountains. The Kansas 
and Platte are tributaries of tho Missouri. Close to the source of the Platte 
rises the Arkansas, which running to the south with manv sub-tributaries, 
loins the Mississippi at Napoleon. Another great affluent of the Mississippi la 
the Ohio, which rises in the Alleghanv mountains near Pittsburg, and flowing 
through Cincinnati, Louisville and Evansville, Joins the Mississippi on its 
eastern bank below St Louis at Cairo. Other affluents of the Mississipplara 
the St Peter's, Rock, Iowa, Des Moines, Red river, Minnesota, Yasoo« "Bli 



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COMMBBCB. 97 



Uanual, 



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8PANIBH-AMEBIGAN UANOJO*. 



from Heading to Lewisport Tho Philadelphia river has a canal from TrfshUm 
to Easton, where it joins the New York canal. New Haven and tho Connecti- 
cut river aro linked by a canal which enters the river near Charlestown. In tho 
0onthcm states the Santee canal joins the port of Charleston with the river 
Congaree. 

The great problem of constracting ship-canals across the. iwo 



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COMMXBQB. 90^ 

nanpwest isthmnsea ot America, namely, Panamd and Kicaiagoa, 
ypO^ 9QQn be edvecL A company is engaged in maldng a thorongn 
iQj^ey of the inteiooeanic region in Kicaragna, in oraer to locate 
^ ^al that will at the same time render available the fine natural 
water courses of the country. As to tho isthmus of Pananri, & 
Fr^ch company under the direction of Monsieur do Lesseps, of 
Sues canal fame, has been for some years constructing a canal m>m 
Colon to some place in tho vicinity of the city of Panamd. 

A franchise was granted by the Colombian govemmenti on the 18th of May, 
i!fi% t6 the Civil International Interoceanio (which subsequently assumed the 
tifK»'of Compagnie Universal du Canal Interoc^anique de Panama) for 99 years, 
t6 iib^iit^ct such a canal. The section of the PanamA isthmus from Colon to 
Panam& having been selected, the charter declared the neutrality of the canal, 
as well as the terminal points. Under the contract the Colombian government 
is to be paid at certain periods from 6 to 8 per cent of the net recdpta, but its 
share is never to be less than $2^0,000 a year. The work has bcenprosecuted 
since October, 1881, but not completed in the time contemplated. Tno origrinal 



solved is whether the company can obtain the funds to carry on the work 
to completion. A large portion of the excavation is done. On January 1, 1888, 
the total excavation of the canal and the deviations amounted to almost 40, 
000,000cubicmeters,and28,000,000more remained to be done. The company 
expected, by adding a great force of Idredges to the number then at work, to 
excavate 15,000,000 cubic meters in 1888, at the rate of 1,C00,000 per month. 
Monsieur de Lesseps and the friends of the enterprise are sanguine of complet- 
ing the great water-way. and opening it to traffic within a reasonable time; say- 
in 1890. The total length will be about 46 miles. The amount of < apital paid 
in to June 80, 1886, was |154,L22,706; and it is quite possible that as much more 
wiU bfi n66ded 

The great canals of the world are: the imperial canal of China, over 1,000 
miles long; the Languedoo or MidijConnecting the Atlantic with the Mediter- 
ranean, 148 miles; the great North Holland, 12a feet at the water surface, 81 feet 
wide at the bottom, from Amsterdam to the Uclder, 11 niiles; the Caledonia In 
Scotland, 60 miles ; the Suez, 88 miles, of which 66 miles areactoal canaL In the 
United States, the Erie, 85(^ miles; the Ohio, Cleveland to Portsmouth, 832 
miles; the Miami and Erie, Cincinnati to Toledo, 291 miles; the Wabash and 
Erie. Evansvllle to the Ohio line, 874 miles. 

The river Belize in British Honduras is said to be navigable for 
nearly 290 miles inland. 

Qniana is drained by several large rivers, most of which are navi- 
gable for some distance from their months. They are the £s9e- 
qnibo, Berbice, Demerara, Oorentyn, Saramaca, Surinam, and 
MaronL 

The Essequibo and Berbice, in the western or British portion, are navigable 
by largo vessels for CO miles from the sea. The Corentyn separates the British 
from the Dutch possessions. In Dutch Guiana are tho Baramara and Surinam, 
both streams being of considerable size and 1 mportance. Tb e Marou 1 separates 
the Dutch possessions from the French. ThoDemerara, which 1 s comparatively 
small, is navigable for IQO miles up. All these rivers generally have a uorthem 
eourse, and receive the waters of numerous and extensive tributaries. The 
Essequibo has for affluents the Cuyuni andMasaruni, (both not inferior to itself 
in size), tho Rnpununi, Potaro, etc. The Kaistnr waterfall is formed by the 
ifater^of the Potaro as they dash in a single leap from the basin of that river 
into tho Essequibo valley, a depth of 822 feet The width of tho river at the 
edge of tho falls is 869 feet, and the depth of tho water near the edge is 15 feet 
in the dry season. Several smaller rivers run into the Atlantic at various points. 
None of the British, French, Danish, or Dutch West India islands possess navi- 
gable iintemal waters worth mentioning. 

. T^l recent years intsmal locomotion in Mexico was subject to 
4i^ulties. It was confined to bridle-paths from the central mesa 
OVi^r the sierras and terrace-lands down to a few points on both 
slopes, and to a number of regular lines of stages under one con- 



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100 SPANISH- AMEBIC AH MANUAL. 

trol. But eince the completion, by a combined company of Mexi- 
dms and EngliBhmen, of the railway lino from Vera Cruz to Iha 
cityof Mexico, with a branch to the ciiy of Fuebla, tho Mexican 
rSway system has become Rreatly developed. The country is now 
pretty well intersected by railways, and aft jr all tho line3 now in tho 
course of construction, or in contemplation, shall havo been com- 
pleted, it will possess a network of railroads that must materially 
promote its wealth. 

In 1S7D there wera only 372 miles of railway. From 1880 to 1884 the donstrao- 
tion of new lines may be said to hiive bjeu rather too rapid. In 1883 tho num- 
hep of miles existinsr was a litUe over 2,830. Early in 1886 thero were in opera- 
tion the foUowing lines, to wit: 

Mexico to Paso del Norte «..197l Kilometxet.. 

San Luis PotosI to Tnrapico ..i - 113 " 

Mexico to San Miguel do Allcude 409 " 

Nuevo Laredo to BaltiUo «.. .-...879 *» 

Matamoros to Monterey 75 " ' • 

Ac&mbaro to Morella « 92 " 

Manzanillo to Colima ~ 46 " 

Zacateca3 to Ban Luis « - 6 •• r = 

Mexico to Salto 67 

Wedras Negras to Vcnadito « 470 *' 

Mexico to Vera Cruz 424 " -■ ... 

; Apizacoto Puebla.. ~ jg " ; 

Guaimas to Nogales -426 

Mexico to Yautepec ICl . " 

Mexico to La Luz 133 " 

• San Lorenzo to CalpulAlpam 9 * 

Jalapa to Vera Cruz « 114 *' 

Jalapa to Coatepec ^ S *! 

Orizaba to Ingenio .-. 5 * 

Irola to Pachuca C9 " . 

PneblatoBanJnan 93 •' 

EspernnzatoTchuacdn £0 

Ban Andr6s t3 Chalchicomula 10 " >^ 

fianta Ana to Tlaxcala ~ 8 ** 

Vera Cruz to Alvarado 71 * 

Yucat&n « 126 " 

Tehuantepec 76 ** 

Puebla to Matamoros 44 

Puebla to San Martin 87 * 

Tolovucato BanARUstin 27 

San Mdrcos to Nautla 25 '* 

Chalco to Tlalmanalco ~ 18 

TepatoTulanelngo 10 " 

Ban Luis Potosi to Soledad 6 " 

Campecho to Cal Kini ~ 7 " 

Culiacdn to Altata 62 = 

VcraCruz to Jalapa - 25 • 

Length of tramways in cities 2t,0 

Total « .6,9C9 " 

After the termination of the Iiitemationalt Pledras Negraa became connected 
with the Central, at tho Torrc6n hacienda, and tho road was opened' to traffic, 
thereby cstabllshinnj a new lino to tho northern frontier. Tho Central It. B. 
Co. has continued building on several lines from Tampioo to San Luis POtosL 
heneo to Aguascallentcs, and from Irapuato to Guadalajara. A line of 180 
kilometres on that branch being finished, t:> Ocoildn, was at once opened. 
Guadalajara would soon bo connecled with tho capital of the republic. The 
National bes:an tho reconstruction in October aud November, 1887, at both 
ends of tho lino which is to connect Baltillo with San Miguel Aliande. The 
branch to Guadalajara was opened to tho public for conveying passengers and 



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COMMERCE. 101 

iMTftiandlse on tJio 2l8t of Mar. 1888. There were 16 miles laid weekly at the 
nortberucnaof theNationnL Tho Kacional Mexicano Co-npany have con- 
stmctcd an iron bridge on the Bio Grande. At the date of Pretident Dias*t 
message, furnishing tho above data, there were 6,800 kilometres of railwayi 
finished. Tho line from Manzanillo to Collma was was terminated in 1880. 
Tho Inter-Oceanic is at work from Mexico to Pcrote. The earnings of the 
Central wero f 1.530,618 in 1885, against $1,832,761 in 1884. 

The republics of Central America are well provided with roads and 
bridges, out it cannot be said that all are kept in as good order as 
they should be. They have in lata years endeavorad to establish 
railways ia their respactlvo teriitories, and their efforts, excepting 
in Honduras, have to some extent been successful. 

The nstional highways of Costa Rica, owing to tho destructive action of tho 
winter ra ns, are often in a dilapidated condition. It is due to the government, 
however, to say that it endeavors to improve them. In Nicaragua, the public 
roads are fiton ly for mule travel, except at short distances from the chief towns, 
which wagons can traverse. In tho rainy season they are almost impassable. 
Tho same is to,be said in regard to those of Honduras. Much has been done, 
however, iu recent years toward improving tho roads, and constructing bridges. 
Salvador b as been for some years past macadamizing her highways. 
Guatemala is well provided with roads and bridges, and derives a revenue from 
tolls, which is expended in repairs, and in constructing new roads and bridges. 
The first line of railway built in Guatemala, that from San Jos6 to the 
capital, via Eseuintla (72 miles), went into operation in September 1884. 
Another line, from ChamT>8rico to Betalhuleu (80 miles) was opened in 
December 1883w A new line, from the port of Santo Tom&s to Gualhos, wasbegnn 
hi September 1884. During the administration of President J. Rufino Barrios, 
measures were odopted to connect by railway the capital with the Caribbean sea, 
intending at the same time to build a line from Coban to the Polochio river. 
Bitrrios' untimely death put a stop to such projects, at least for a time; but 
there, is liardly a doubt that they will eventually bo carried out The city of 
Guatemala possesses a tramway Une. Honduras has a short narrow-gauge raU* 
road. 

* It had been contemplated to construct a line 232 miles long between Puerto 
Cortes or Caballos on the Atlantic, and Amapala in the bay of Fonseca, but 
fioadclal difficulties caused the abandonment of the plan In 1873 after only 87 
miles had been built, from the Atlantic port to San Pedro Sula. Since then, 
internal troubles and lack of resources have prevented its resumption. In 
Msrch 1888, President Bogran signed a contract with a London firm for the con- 
struction of a railway from Puerto Cortes to a point on the bay of Fonseca. 
Salvador has a railroad from Acajutla to Santa Ana. The day is not distant 
when this republic will b3 placed iu communication with the Atlantic through* 
tbo terrritory of her neighbors. In Nicaragua there were in operation in Iw 
the following lines: 

From Corinto to Chinandega » 23 Kilometres. 

*• Chlnaudega to Moabita. via Leon Viejo...- 72 " 

" Managua to Granada, via Masaya 52 '* 

The cost of the lines is nearly |3,(KX),(XX). There is a connection by raUway 
with the steamship lino on Lake Nicaragua. Thcro aro three lines, or rather 
/lotions, of railroad iu Costa Rica; the Central, running between Ran Jos^, the 
capital, and tlio Interior provinces, via Cnrtago, Herodla, Alaiuel^, Trcs Riot 
and Ban Joaquin; tho Atlantic, from Lim6u to the interior, which is the route 
throng which most of tho country's foreign trade is conducted; and tho Paol- 
flo, from Puntarenas to Esparta. At the end of 1883 the following portions of 
the railway system were in operation: 

From Alajuela to San Jos^ ».. ^ 22 KUometres 

" Puntarenas to Esparta .^ - 22 ** 

" San Jos6 to Cartage « „.m 22 «* 

' •• Llm6n to Rio Suclo 118 " 

Total „ I79" •* 

', Kttnber of passengers conveyed, 158,838; freight transported, 7,072 torn. Th« 
eo8t of the three sections has been estimated at $12,289,2^6; butinlSSSCheF 
» 'valued at only $6,600,000. 



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8PANIfia-AlCBBIjQ4K MANUA^ 



CMoa^iahao. been for B3veral veara deprived at thefaciMUca^ 
n^lway comtnonicatlons, except by the enort line from Cdoii & 
raniuni, and another one, mnch, ehortar, in the departm^. c? 
BoUvor. Bat more recently the constraction ol other line« haA 
been assiduously carried on. 

The BQbjoined table eontaiiui the railway ftatistics of the lepohlio ia 
the first figares showinff the length of lines, when finished, in jCnj^h ' 
^ SQoona, the portion in actnal operation, in English miles: 



Panam& railway, Col6n to Panama 

Bolivar railway, Barranqoilla to Pto Belillo» 

Cileata railwav, Ciicuta to Pto ViUamizar ^... 

La Dorada railway, Conejo to Honda or Ar- 

ranca Plumas. — - 

Oirardot railway, Qirardot to Bogotft 

Antioquia railway, Pto Berrio to Medellin «..« 

Canca railway, Buenaventura to Call 

Santa Marta railway, Santa Marta to Ci^nega — 
$antander railway, Pto Wilches to BHcaramaiga.. 
SakMina railway, Facatatiza to Bogota.... 



Protec. 


la 


te<L 


Opera 


47 


47 


20 


20 


34 


S4 


22 


14 


96 


20 


125 


80 


75 


12 


21 


'A 


75 


8 


24 






^neir vase xnaieriaj. 

The gross earnings of the railway in 1885 were |8,267,V22 

Operating exx>en8e8 2,655,272 

Net earnings.. C612,660 

Interest... - 541,041 

Balance t71,6a 

The statement^ of December 81, 1884, showed a surplus of n«076,557, out of 
which a 13 per cent, dividend was paid, amounting to f7CO,000; balanee left on 
hand, December, 188j, $448,166. The annual report for 1887 declared the road to 
bp. in excellent condition ; the gross earnings for the year (3,489,182, and tfeeex- 
ffinditur^s, including interest, 5. 2,869,7ul. The raUway has beeq for som^ im». 
ilft'property of the PanamA Canal company. 



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COMMEBCE. 103 

. , ^^ lepublic ol Venesu^ has of late yearn provided good pab« 
Uenoadffy and has also constructed a number of railways, which 
have aided to increase her foreign trade very considerably, as veil 
im developed her intercourse with other naticms. 

|k]875 over |l,50a(XK) were expended on roads, of which about 1,000 miles h«4 
b^ completed, five or six years previously, tliero were but two roads in thQ 
mito republic, namely, from La Ouaira to Caracas, and from Valencia to 
fimo Cabello. In 1876, there were no railroads, though one was projected 
het^ween Car&cas and La Guaira. Since then a few railways Lave been built 
Tminulway system in 1887 comprised the Bolivar, from Port Tucacas to the 
comer mines of Arv&, in the state of Lara, about 73 miles long, and tho La 
GUttuaandt^ar&cas, nearly 2j miles long; an Important one is that from Puerto 
Cabello to Valencia, about 85 miles long. Two snort lines connect CarAcas with 
Uie nnall adjacent towns of Petare and £1 Valle. Franchises werograntedto 
EfOrOpean capitalists for tho construction of other lines, starting rsspectively 
from Puerto Cabello, Maracaibo, M^rida, Orinoco river and Encontrados to 
e^g^Kteet them with important districts. The construction is progressing. 

The public roads of Ecuador are of the most priniitiye kind, 
most of them being mere mule tracks, which are impassablo during 
a great portion of the year. Tho transportation of merchandise is 
nstiolly performed on mule-back, wheeled vehicles being almost un- 
known. But of late efforts have been made, successful in a meas- 
ure, to supply the country with railways. 



also fiom Yuaguachi to the Ouaycuiuil river. Another line was contracted for 
Between Puerto Bolivar and Machala. 

Theempiro of Brazil possesses -numerous railway lines connect- 
ing tho principal centres of agriculture and traflSc. In 1887, there 
was a total length of 4,955 Englifh miles, besides about 1,000 more 
in the course of construction, and 2,200 projected. 

In 1876, the aggregate roadway was only 1.143 miles. In 1882, there were in 
operation 2,617 miles. At the close of 1884 there were 6j6o7 kilometres in opera- 
tion, 2,402 in construction, 8,8.9 projected. Early In 1886 there were 7,062.175 
kilometres in operation, 2,267.628 kilometres building, total 0,820.803 kilometres. 
All the lines were of one-metre gauge, except 12j kilometres of 1.10 metres 
In Pemambuco were built tho first railways of any great extent in South 
America. In 1882, there were 2,577 miles in operation in tho empire, and 1,780 
in course of construction. The following were the chief lines: Dom Pedro 
Segundo, 226: S&o Paulo, 86; Bahia, 75; Pemambuco, 76; Cantagallo, 21; Mahud, 
15. Tho section of Dom Pedro Segundo connecting the eastern and western 
provinces has 423 miles open, and 62 under construction. A line was started 
from Pemambuco and one still more extensive was in 1885-6 in course of 
Constmction along the S4o Francisco river on the north shore to Bavista, there 
to meet a projected lino on the south bank in a direct course to Bahia. The 
total mileage of railways iu Brazil, in 1885-6, was 4,880 miles; in 1888, 5,281 
miles. In the province of Kio Janeiro there were a few branch lines, and one 
main line into S&o Paulo, the total length being 800 miles; but it joins Rio and 
Santos, and opens up a rich country, developing an immense tralae in Santos. 
Other lines were being quickly pushed forward. 

Tho state owns nine lines with 1,073 miles already in operation; the principal 
ono being the Dom Pedro II, which cost about 48.000.000 milreis. The nme 
lines have cost 1C8,800,000 milreis, and in 1885 they yielded 8U per cent. net. A 
syndicate consisting of Canadian capitalists controlling ?100,000,000 was formed 
m 1888 to undertake railway works in Brazil. The terms offered by tho Bra- 
mian government were deemed very acceptable, in the form of lar^fc franchises, 
nibsioies, and contracts of enormous value. The syndicate's first undertaking 
wqul^ be to establish transportation from Pard, 100 miles from tho southern 
moutn of the Amazon by the Tocantins, Araguaza,nnd Vermelho rivers to Goyaz. 
IhO Tocantins is navigable for 2J0 miles from Pard, and then is obstructed by 
ntelas for 70 miles. A lino of railroad U to bo built around these rapids, and 
more than 2,500 miles of navigation will bo established on the upper Tocantins. 



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104 BPANISB-AMEBICAK MANUAL. 

Two cnglneen connected wifh the Canadian Padflo railway went to Braifl to 
mako finperflcial sarveys and report on a seiies of railways connecting tha 
head-waters of the Amaaon and PaiA rlveis. 

Tho La Plata region presents a etriking example of rapid progress 
in industry and trado resulting from the application of engineering 
enterprise to means of communication. A railway system, the tnoA 
perfect in South America, supplements tho great water-ways of the 
rarand, Paraguay, and Uruguay with their tributaries. Iho con- 
sequence is that this re;^on, without tho natural and ppontancous 
productions of tho northern districts, is fast eclipEiog tho northern 
portions in trade, whereas in former times it was the reverse. 
' From Luenos Aires there are already^ several lines in operation, 
running into tho country for several miles in all directions. 

From Montevideo a hue runs 110 miles into the interior of the 
Uruguayan rapublic ; another line is in course of construction to 
Cdonia, opposite Buenos Aires, and to the Uruguay river. Here 
it will meet tho steamers running up the river to Rosario, 
whence thero i? a lino running across tho continent to the moan- 
tains in more than one direction, whose termini will be atMendoza, 
8an Juan, and Tinogasta, clcso to Copiap6 on the west coast. Thia 
line passes tho Villa do las Mercedes on one side, and Tucuman in 
the north, on tho other. 

Many of the impwortont mines of Perd and Chili being in the An- 
des, railway facilities from their vicinity on tho east side of the 
Cordillera will give impulse to the trade of the Plata, practically 
cutting out tho ** West Coast," because it will save the time and 
risk cf a voyago round Cape Horn. 

Tho history of Argentino railways contains some interesting 
features. Iho first line built was probably that from Rosario 
to C6rdoba, commenced in 18C3, ana finished in 1870. In 1873 
the government finished the first section of the Transandine rail- 
way, 82 miles, from Villa Mercedes to Rio Cuarto. In 1875 ih6 
second section from Rio Cuarto, 76 mi'es, was in operation. In 
1880 wcro completed 69 miles to the city of San Luis. In 1883, 
75 more were finished, and La Paz became tho terminus for the 
time being. In April, 1885, 80 miles were opened from La Paz to 
Mendoza ; a brancn of 100 miles from Mendoza to Ban Juan was 
opened at the same time. The total cost to tho government, thus 
far, of tho 472 miles, had been $13,000,000. From Mendoza to the 
Chilian boundary, through tho Ue^allata Valley, is 1^ miles; the 
road runs at nearly double the elevation cf the Central Pacific 
lino across tho Rocky mountains. The Northern Central Argen- 
tine at C6rdoba, connecting with the Central, and extending 
northward to iSalta, is a narrow-gauge road of 340 miles and was 
continued through the province of Jujuy. 

In 1885 threo railways were opened for traffic, the Mercedes, Andine East 
Argentine, and Campana lines. Tho Tucuman lino was to be completpd in 
1876, when Ihero would bo in all ten railroads with a total of 2,260 kilometres 
or 1404 miles in oneratlon. Tho Andine line was leased to a private person 
for four years with the condition that he should receive 80 per cent, of the 
cross receipts for the first three years, and 7j per cent for tho last year. The 
Central Argentine, which opened in 1870, earned in 1875 astirplus of U61,0001o 
addition to tho fruaranteed interest of 7 per cent on the capital stock. That 
surplus was paid over to the govemment 



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COMMKSCB. 105 

Iftoes of Railwsj«» Beeember 81st» 1SS6. 

Ill aperoHon. Su{kUti§. 

Oentimi Aigentiiie— Rosario to C6Tdoba..» 896 kilos. 

Moitliem Central— C6rdoba to Tocnm&n Z46 

** TacumAn to Jnjuy .840 kllMb 

" Biancli Irom Frits to ««• 

Santiago -^ 

" " Eecreoto 
Chumblclia 
Tbla lino to be extended from Chnmblcha 
iOBth-west to La Eloja, and north-east to 
Catamarca. 

Andine— Villa Maria to La Paz ..470 

" La Pa« to Snn Jnani n.^ 

viaMendotaJ • — *» 

Western— Bnenos Aires to Bragado) 

a branches to Pergamiuo> ..^......5II> 

and Lobos) 

•• Extension.. ««.: 

BcMifhem— Bnenos Aires to Altamlrano a) 

branches to Olavarria a> ....JJ79 
Tandin 

'* Olararrla to Bahia Blanoa. ^^. ...881 

Northern— Bnenos Aires to £1 Tigre;................ S5 

Ensenada— " ** Ensenada C8 

Campana— '* " Campana 81 

Eastern— Concordia to Ceibo 160 

Puerto Ruisand Gnalegnay 10 

Rosario toCandelaria -^ 00 

Tltansandine— Mercedes {in Buenos Aires// r^ 

to Mercedes (in San Luis)) •*'• 

This line places Buenos Aires in connection 
by rail with Santiago, in ChiU, and thus with 
Uie coasts of the two oceans. 
SanUFd-Colonlal ^ « 100 

In 1888 there were in operation 6,1C2 kilometres, of which 1,877 were natlonaL 
1,104 provincial, and 8,160 private property. There were consequently added 
to the 2,318 kilometres existing in 1889, during the last five years, 8,834 kilome- 
tres. The total cost of the lines existing In ISSo was about (100,000,000, or an 
aVerago of about 1 83.390 per mile. 

In liB87 the length ot Unes open for traffic was 4,216 miles, connecting the 
principal towns of the republic with the capitaL There wer<^, moreover^ 
1,000 In course of construction. Down to 1888 grants ft)r 17 dlfiferont linee 
were made, of which 18 have government guarantee, the guaranteed onoa 
fepresenting 7,961 ki'lomctrea (4,976 miles), and the other 1,272 kilometres (798 
miles). Several roads were in an advanced state of construction. There is a 
fbiongh line from Buenos Aires to MendooL 

There were in the city of Buenos Aires at the end of 1882, 95 miles of tram- 
ways, or horse-car lines, with 1,001 employes, carrying an average of &1,> 
740 passengers daily. There were lines also in some of tbe smaller towns of the 
province of Buenos Aires. C6rdoba City had two lines, and Rosario one. 

Tho Oriental Republic, cr Uruguay, is also possessed of the facili- 
ties of trausportation by rail. Her lines constitute two systems, to 
wit: the Central of Uruguay, and the Alto Uruguay. 

In 1879, 82 miles of the Central were completed, with a branch line to tho port 
of Higuerltas on the Uruguay river, opened in February 1876. Of the Alto 
Uruguay system the chief lines were, one from Salto Oriental to Santa Rosa. 
nS miles, and another from Montevideo to Pando, 29 miles. The number of 
completed lines in 1887 were about 838 English miles. As early as 1875 Monte- 
video had six lines of tramways. 

Paraguay possesses only one short line of railway. In 1887 m. 
franchise was granted for extending that line, which runs from 
ABQnci6n to Paragnari, through the southern part of the republio 
to the Parand river, and another toward the frontier of Bdivia. 



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iM 



SPANISH- AMEfilGAN MANUAL. 



The AQanci6n-Faragua]i line is about 45 miles long. The total 
traflSc over it in 1886 amounted to $126,815. 

Bolivia has i>oor roads, and has been backward in develo|)ing a 
system of railway transportation to any great extent. However, 
her government is awake to the usefulness of such facilities and in 
recent years has endeavored to encourage the construction of 
railroads. 

There was a line connecting the city of La Paz with the port of Aygaoha on 
Lake Titlcaca, opened in 1872. Another line from Antoiagasta to 8alar was 
completed in 1874. There were other lines already being built in 1879, which 
could not bo completed because of the war with ChilL In 1886 a roadway was 
in tho course of construction to connect the Argentine frontier, near tho town 
of Quiaca, with the Bolivian city of Potosi, running} along the right bank of 
tho Parand river to the port of Barranquera. Chili was also rapidly building 
a railroad from Antofagasta into the interior, which in 1883 had reached be- 
yond Calama as far as Af&il, and was nearing La Porufia, opposite Santa Bar- 
bara. Trains were arriving within two miles of the Loa river, where an iron 
and a wooden bridge were to be built. Number of miles of railway in opera- 
tion in 1888 about 8L 

With the view to developing the resources of the country, the 
government of. Peru began, in 1852, the construction of a system of 
railways. The result has been the connection of tha coast towns 
and valleys with their ports. In 1886 the total working lez]lgth of 
the Peruvian railways was set down at 1625 miles. The govern- 
ment, in establishing these lines, did not expect to derive any rev- 
enue from them. Speaking of the longest line which was built for 
tho state— that from Mollendo to Arequipa, Puno, and Santa Rosa, 
crossing the summit of the Andes at Vincocaya at a height of 15,- 
000 feat above the sea-level— the British minister at lima reported 
in 1878 : *' 232 miles of difficult railway have been made at an ex- 
pense of about £6,000,000 in order that three or four goods trains 
may run per week." 

In 1878 there were 22 lines, eleven or twelve of them belonging to the i 



with a length of upwards of 1280 miles when completed, and they cost 128^854,^ 

soles; eight were the property of several companies, with 496 miles, and a co_. 

of 24,420,100 soles; and two others were owned jointly by the government and 



private persons, with 2L3 miles costing 27.200,000 soles. Total length 2,030 miles 
representing si», expenditare of 179,974,600 soles. The lines referred to run as 
follows: Faita to Mura, 62 miles; Pimentel to Chiclayo and Lambayeque, 45 



brigo to Ascope and tne Ghicama valley, 25 miles; Balaverry to TrujiUo, £& 
miles; Chimbote to Huaraz, 172 miles, only a part completed. Several short 
lines radiate from Lima. Pisco to lea, 48 miles; Mollendo to Arequipa. 107 
miles; Ilo to Moquegua, 63 miles; Arica to Tacna, 63 miles. There are railway 
lines connecting the nitrate works with Pisagua, tquique and Patillos. A 
short line at Cerro Pasco connects tho mines with the town. There is a road 
from Lima and Callao to Oroya, 136 miles, having €3 tunnels, and a bridge 
which spans a chasm of 1:80 feet in width. The work was completed in 1884 a3 
far as Chicla, some 87 miles. Another railway across the Andes connects Are- 
quipa with Puno on Lake Titicaca. This line is 232 miles long, and is intended 
to be prolonged to Cuzco. The Oroya line cost ^22,481,811. The Arequipa and 
Puno line 121,624,763. It is said that the only private lines which have proved 
a commercial success, are the double line from Lima to Callao, 8 mi^s, the 
lino from Lima to Chorrillos, 9 miles, and the Eten, Lambayeque, and Chic- 
layo, 27 miles. The construction of railways in 1887 was progressing slowly. 
The lines from Mollendo to Arequipa, Puno, and Lampa on the Titicaca lak^, 
and thence to Cuzco, open up the navigation of the lake to its southern fihore 
at Pcfias, where there is a fresh line to La Paz, only 40 miles off, continued by 
way of Oruro and Lake Aullagas, Huanchaca to Antofagasta and MejiUones; 
with a total length of about 700 miles, opening up a large, fruitful country. . 

Chili possesses about 2,S00 highways which are kept in good coa- 



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coxmsBCB. iiit 

^WU8h. Tbb i^t^dbHc has^een One of the first comitrie8in;8outh 
Hcmerica to Introduce railways. IniEismuch as the mountains are 
iHttim an average of less than 100 miles from tho coast, the ni£|' 
rbadsin no case cross the chain. Several cities and towns liav^ 
^Rre^ railroads. 

.Tbe national government proYldes for the repairs of seven hundred of tA 
i^;hwa7Sf havins a total length of 10,000 kilometres. The mnnicipalities an^ 
lu^^jdte nartiei attend to the other 1,000 roads, whose. aggregate length H 

^nS following railroads were either completed, or in the course of construe- 
XS^'mt the first of January, 1885: 

Ctolremment I.tn«a. Private I^lnea. 

r* Kilometres. • Kilometrefe. 

fai^tep to ValpwalBO. 186 Arica to Tacna fife 

Baota Rosa Branch........^ 45 Pisagua to Ties Marias ..LOO 

£5°^*^ \5 Palmilla.......^ « «804 Iqnique to Tres Marias IM 

Tfiitflefo T^ieahuano.. .AIS Patlllos to Salitreras del 8ur« W 

, . , , --— MeJiUones to Cerro Gordo « 2) 

ToCaL... 948 Antofagasta to Salinas del Dorado.^^ 

/Total cost of the government's raU- Taltal to Bef resco p 

ways in 188*, (42,107.984. Gross cam- Chafiaral to Salado 60 

Inft fa that year, <6,000,000; expenses, Caldera to Copiap6 2« 

f3a41.295: net earnings, |^868,7v8; pas- Carrisal BaJo to Carrizal Alto 96 

jtongen conveyed, 2y(ldj)77;merchan- Coquimbo to Serena. 1ft 

"aOie/fQ^T^ineMcal cwts. Coqulmbo to Ovalle »12B 

Serena to Vicufla. 80 

Tongy to Tamaya £6 

Laraquete to Moquegua. 40 

Total .1M§ 

iUOmVa: courise of construction, 1,149 kilometres. 
. The lines below Iguique fa 1888 are given as follows : Caldera to Copiap6 aha 
l^anchinig to Puquios, on the one band, San Antonio and Juan Godoy on tbto 
4)ther, bcfag reinpectively 90, 82, and 80 miles. Chafiaral to Salado, 85 miles. 
UL central Une from Valparaiso to San Felice and Los Andes, 85 miles; and 
.Wcahuano, jUirough Santiago, San Fernando— with branch toward the coa^ 
of 2>mlles to Palmillas-Curic6, Linares, ChilUln, and Concepci6u, about 880 
nyies and extended 60 miles farther to Los Angeles. Total railway mileage fa 
tSBS, 1^120 miles. In 1887. there were 1,502 miles In operation, whereof 600 be- 
longed to, the national government Santiago had iu 1885,56 kilometres of 
tramways, and Valparaiso 10. This facility of transportation existed also in 
^oncepcion;Chill&n, Llmache, Bengo, Quillata, and Talca. 

"Hie republic of Santo Domingo is almost entirely^without roads; 
but in 1887 it had nearly completed one railway and had another 
one ill contemplation. 

. ^e railroad nearly finished is one between Samani and Santiago, embracing 
the rich provfaces of the north. The line intended to be built tis betweeb 
Barahona and the saltmountafa called Cerro de SaL 

¥iv9 island of Cuba has a fine main road extending from the 
capital in the north-west to Santiago de Cuba in the south-east, 
and other highways, which are usually kept in as goodrepaur as 
circumstances will allow of, considering that they are subject to the 
damaging effects of heavy tropical rains. Railway enterprise has 
been active in Cuba. 

Thero is a line through the island from Habana east and west, which touches 
the coast at Matauzas, C&rdenan, Bagua la Grande, on the north, and Cienf ue- 
gos, on the south; the central lino runs down the island in the middle to the 
level of Cienfucgos. The rest of Cuba, except for short lines, is devoid of rail- 
ways; but tho distance to one of the railroad lines, or to the coast, is so smfdL 
that from any given place i t is easy to get produce to the sea-coast Tho island 
has Hbout 1,000 miles of railway. In 1885, a loan of about 140,000,000 was con- 
tracted to completo the railways. 



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108 iiPAMlBU-AMEBlCAM MA|(UAL. 

In the United States the railroad system has assumed enormoui 
proportions. The generul government has had no contrcd over the 
construction of railways. The system has grown up mider the rer 
qnirements of tho several regions iivhere the xoads were hnilt. In 
nearly every instance the charters have been granted by tho state 

fovernments for the roads existing within Iheir own territory, 
f ost of tho through lines have been formed by the consolidation 
of several shoit sections of road into continuous lines under one 
management, or by the longer and richer lines leasing the shorter 
and poorer ones; and occasionally by agreement of connecting 
roads to cooperate with each other for their mutual convenience 
and benefit, m the arrangement of their trains. The consolidation 
of lines oiiginated in the desire of the great sea-board cities to Ee^ 
euro a larger share of the business of the interior and western 
states. Tho means for constructing the lines has been raised by 
private subscriptions, constituting the capital stock, supplemented 
Dy loans sscured by mortgages on the property created. In several 
instances, citias, towns, counties, states, and even ^ he national gov- 
ernment subscribed to the capital stock, or lent their credit to the 
various companies. Examples of the national government having 
aided with its credit to cany out these vast improvements, are the 
Union Pacific and Central racific companies, who established hiil- 
way connection b3tween Ihe eastern states of the republic, and the 
city of San Francisco, in California. 

Tho first railroad buUt in tho United States was the Quincy rail- 
road in Massachusetts, constructed in 1825, the second was cne 
built in 1827, and operated in Pennsylvania ; but steam was i:s2d 
for the first time in 1830. After that, the business of constructing 
railways grew so rapidly between 1832 and 1837 that at the end <3 
this period tho completed lines exceeded in number and aggregaft 
length those of any other country. 

The system of street railways in towns had its origin in the 
United States, and tliere is hardly a city of any magnitude that 
does rot possess one or more lines moved by horse power. But 
since tho mvention by A. S. Hallidie, of San l^rancisco, California, 
of tho cablo railways, their use has become quite general in said 
city, and they have been also adopted in other cities, such as New 
Yoi k a!:d C hicago. Under t his pyetem the car is drawn by an end- 
less wiro ropo moving continually under the surface of the street. 
In 1881 thcro were 91,147 miles of railways. 

Tablo Showingr Mileage, Capital, Cost and KeTenne of all tka 
Kallroads of the United States for 1883. 

Total length of lines 120^C2 miles. 

(In anotner table tho same manual gives 121,102 miles.) 

Length of lines operated 010,414 " 

Capital stock |3,70e,0fi0,588 

Fnudcd debt 8,455,040,888 

Total investment 7,495,47li8U 

Cost of railroads and equipment C,684,7o6,<M& 

Gross earnings from passengers C206,8S7,2(>6 

" •• freight - » 544X09,881 

" " " all sources ..807,112,780 

Neteamlngs 291,687,C88 

Interest paid on bonds 171)414,2E8 

Dividends paid on stock 101,679,C88 



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WB 



>tiJM»thtig»iMM»<wmHitmMymm>fiat>atloikwii{ 

Capital and deU (stock and bonds)..... ..48,745^79,147 

Qrois aaminga — 823,77^921 

Het " 298^01^ 

Dividends paid 102.062,518 

Bummmry Statiatioa of the United States B»Uways In Averacea. 



Bonded debt to each mlJe of completed road .428,850.00 

l\)tal cost of construction of each mile 55,46L00 

- Qro83 earnings per mllo of rond in operation 2,702.00 

Interest pala on bonds per mile of completed road 1.421.91 

IliTldends paid on stock per mile of completed road.....^.^ 942M 

Ratio of interest paid to total funded debt ».4.07 per cent. 

" " dividends to ajgregato capital stock.............. 2.78 ** " 

Average fare per mile »........• 2.42 cents. 

Average freight charge per ton 0.2 cents per mile. 

Number of passengers transported in 1883.......M. .».. ...... ...812,688^041. 

Dotal freight transported on all the roads in 1883......40a,4a8«430 tonsb 

Increase of mileage in 1888 8,7C8 mllas 

Hnmber of miles existing in 1884......... .............. 124^ 

Wil— ga, Ca pi ta L Coat, and Bevenao of all the Batlroada of tho 
United Statea for 1SS6. 

Total length of the lines................ — . 183,600 miles. 

Length of lines operated............ „^^,^Uj^ ** 

Capital stock -. ....^ 43,999,508,601 

Bonded debt ..» 8.882^66,880 

Unfanded debt mmfiU 

Coat of failroad^andeqttipnient......M.... ........ 7,2J4,91K>,228 

nie railroads are comprised In the following groups of states: New^Bngtaad. 
lOddlo States, Central Northern, South AtlanUo, Oolf and Mississippi Valley, 
iMh*irestem, North-western and Pacific. 

llio business has steadily increased from year to year from 1871 (no comprd> 
hensive table bsin? attainable prior to tliat year), when tho number of oper- 
-^ 1 miles wa3 only 41,613. Tho length of railways in the Unitisd States at the 
' ' rofl888i»setdownatl4M08. 

liiptaaad Bzpendltures of the Ballroada of the United Statea 
for ISSO. 

Beoeipts from passengers .^4211,929357 

«* •• height...... .«....««.^ 053438/^ 

Cross earnings ...........4822,191,949 

Not earnings ....«..• «.. «.. 297,3U,616 

Interest paid on bdnds „^ ...4182,884,990 

Divideua paid on stocks ^.,„.^..,^ 80,094438 

Vhe bosittesa of transportation by railway assumed larger proportions from 

Sar to'year since 1871. In that year tho capital and funded debt (stook antf 
nds) amaunted to |2,664,627,64j; tho gross and net earnings baing, reaneol^ 
4vely, 8453,323,233 and |i4i,743,4JJ; and the dividandj paid, |j8|4J6,68L 

The average fares per mile in 1333....mm*...2.18 cents. 

The average freight charge p3r ton....... ...1.04 cents per mlle« 

Total nnmbor of passeuTcrs transportad in 1833... —3^,284,972 

ToGa freight transported onJiU tho railroads in 1833, in tocas^4S^24a»254 , 

Total oapital Invested In railways in 1886 88,073,678484 

7 



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no 



8PAMI8U«AMSBlOAM MANUAL. 



in the Tear 1887 

AiDOOrding to Bniditreet Journal of Trade, Etc., Feb. 25, 1888 



ROADS 



Granger 

Burlington, Cedar Rapids 6t Northern 
Chicago, Burlington it Quincy...... 

Ohicftgo, Milwaukee & 8t Paul 

Chicago & Northwestern... 

Minneapolis it St Louis , 

Totals, 6 Roads 



Trunk Ltm 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern.. 

Michigan Central 

New York Central 

New York, Chicago & St. Louis 

Fennsjlvania 

Totals, 5 Roads 



Cbal 

BuflUo, Rochester dc Pittsburgh 

Delaware dc Hudson....... 

Delaware, Lackawanna it Western.... 
New York, Susquehanna it Western.. 

Northern Central.. ..».. 

Philadelphia & Reading 

I^ila. & Reading Coal & Iron Co...... 

Western New York dc Pennsylvania^ 

Totals, 8 Roads 



Central Western 
Cincinnati, Ind., St Louis it Chicago 
Chicago, St. Louis & Pittsburgh.... 

Chicago & West Michigan 

Detroit, Lansing it, Northern.. , 

Grand Rapids & Indiana.^ 

Ohio it Mississippi 



Totals, 6 Roads.. 



Eastern 

Baltimore it Potomac... , 

Boston ifc Albany 

Camden it Atlantic.... 

N«w York it New England . 



Cross 
Earnings 



(8,005,968 
27,576,078 
25,366,124 
27,143,7:6 
1,491,888 



84,f^,278 



18,675.464 
14,140,000 
36,257,968 
4,7^2,352 
55,671,804 



120,687,060 



2,090,402 
19,602,644 
89,845,856 

1,395,186 

6,21!^ 
88,431,860 
19,62:6,704 

2,816,285 



125.051,668 



2,695,752 
5,862,764 
1,414,022 
1,147,159 
2,351,435 
4,128,865 



17,599,497 



1,447,832 

9,183,926 

678,644 

4.454,814 



Operating 
Expenses 



12,225,906 
16,097,918 
15,826,694 
16,010,266 
1,063,241 



60,724.020 



10,991,627 
9,862,000 

23,417,261 
8,508,338 

37,087,576 



84,856,492 



1,511,770 

18,388,670 

80,694,000 

762,139 

4,189,442 
17,012,225 
18,232,775 

2,213,774 



87,954,695 



1,672,938 
4,806,277 
1,064,629 
696,114 
1,515,252 
2,691,924 



n,947«184 



908,8n 
6,901,268 

640,080 
2,977,172 



Net 

Earnings 



11,478,166 

10,038,480 

11,180,459 

428,147 



83,856,258 



7.684,m 
4,288,000 

12,840,706 
1,288,964 

18.584,728 



44.681,597 



678,682 
6,214,074 
9,151,866 

638,047 

2,073.484 

16,419,486 

1,428,929 

602.611 



87,096,968 



1,022,814 

1.6£6,4S7 

849,898 

451,045 

886,188 

1,486,441 



6,662,868 



688,965 
8,282,658 

138,564 
1,477,142J 



Miteagt 



4,086 

6,668 

4,101 

861 



16/Mi 



M48 
1,606 
1,441 
628 
2,853 



7,164 



2»4 
7»4 
888 
164 
888 
1,681 



isr 



297 
686 

418 
268 
472 
616 



SI,«01 



93 

887 

!• 77 

879 



.'y 



.'J* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



lU 



I88Y— CoBitBM« 



ROADS 



PMlAd^plilA &Erie :...» 

Rome.-'^atertown & Ogdeubiug.. 
Weft Jeiiey 



.TaUlf,7RMids... 



CMMdimPftoiflc 

Dcnrtr A Bio Qnuide..............^^.. 

Horthem Pacific ^ ^ 

Oiegoo Improyem^nt.........^ 

Oiefon Bailway & NayigaUon Co.. 
Oiiioii Pacific 



r8ttia,« toads.. 



CliULf New Orleans & Texas Pacific. 
Siut Teimessee, Virginia it Georgia... 

KentadLj CentraL , 

LooisTilleA Nashville.............. 

liemphl^ it Charleston.. 

KashTi]^^, Chattanooga & St. Louis... 

Norfolk & Western. 

eti«naQ<Ioah Valley — 

\. Vot^ 8 roads 

. ".. i.. 

j Southwe$i€m 

TfK% Worth & Denvef City 

Kankasjdity, Fort Scott it Gulf 

KansasjCity, Springfield 41c J^femphis.. 

St Louis & San^Frfnclaoa. , 

Solithein Pacific Comi>aliy: 
'Ihavepton, Har. it QaxL Antonio... 

^icmislana & West^m*..*;*"- - 

'Morgan, LouisianscA^ Itots 

-t^zas it New Orleans ,.. 



Totals, 8 roads.. 



Medican 




Grots 
Earnings 



H030»980 
8,215,600 
1,469,214 



21,435,960 



U,606,412 
7,988,420 

13,854,820 
4,167,708 
5,376,2£8 

28,557,766 



71,545385 



8,877,551 
5;289,579 
1,067,468 
16,044,478 
1,740,550 
8,055,917 
4.254,794 
902,862 



85,738,194 



719,068 
2,782,204 
2,068,965 
6,216,000 

8,847,184 

843,784 

4.684,259 

1,267,568 



21349,087 



4386,579 
1,798,915 



6,685,494 
517,018,097 



Operating 
Expenses 



1,784,131 
976,257 



153M382 



8,108,284 
4,742,051 
7308,080 
8,001,461 
2,974,705 
16,616,761 



43,218302 



2,034372 
8,631,795 

612,116 
9,792,916 
1,297,878 
1,694,7C8 
2,483,780 

773346 



22,821,806 



416,240 
1,661,171 
1347,736 
2,665,000 

2,664,237 
428,958 

8,837,980 
704,210 



13,225,522 



2,717,458 
1,604,188 



4,821,641 
884,112,414 



AW 
Earnings 



11379388 

1,431,969 

492357 



8391328 



8304,118 
8,241369 
6346.290 
1,116,248 
2,428358 
11,941,005 



28,827388 



1342,979 
1.657,784 

455352 
6,251357 

442,672 
1,861.214 
1,771,014 

129.316 



18,411388 



802,828 
1,071.033 

691,229 
3,551,000 

682,947 

414,836 

1.346,279 

563,858 



8.623,505 



2.169.126 
144,727 



2,868,858 
182,906,658 



Jfitea^ 



288 

641 

198 



2363 



4.476. 
1,461 
8,277 



752 



43 



14360; 



886 
1,098 
258 
1,978 
880 
62r 
588 



6,405 



276 

889 

282 

1.190 

■: i 

986* 
112 » 



208' 



8,676 



SST' 



2^» 
57M 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MAVUAL. 



KetSttvslBcs aBd^MUM«« of M 
in t]a# Tear 1880 



ROADS 



Crtmger 
Bvriiaglon, Cedar Baplds A KorUiern 
CMeago, BnrlingtoQ & Quiiicy......^.. 

Chicago, Milwaakee & 8t PaaL....^. 

Chicago & NorthwesteriL.......^ ^. 

ItfeapeapoliaA St L(Miii.-»^^.»^...».. 

. .Tatali,5Boada...... 



l4ik949]iora & Michigan BouUieni^... 

mefaigan Central •».....» 

Kew T<|riL Central.....^ ^,............ 

Hew York, Chicago & St Lonla.......... 

Fennijivania .^.......^....^.......».. 

Totals, 5 Eoadfl.....^...^^ 

QkU 

B««Uo, Bochester 4c Pittatmigh. 

SM^ware A Hudson.....^. »».....^.- 

Diiawarei Lackawanna & Westem*^^ 
l^irw York, Sosquehanna A Wcitem„ 

n o rth e rn Central .. ....^..^.^^ 

Fhiladeilphia & Reading.....^ 

Fhila. 4 Beading Coal A Iron Co....... 

Wettem New York & Pennsylvania.^ 



Totals, 8 Boads...... 



Ceuirai Western, 
Cincinnati, Ind., St Louis A Chicago 
OMiPftgo, St Louis & Pittsburgh..... 

CHlicago 4 West Michigan 

Uglroit, Lansing & Northern. 
dtand Bapids & Indiana.......^ 

(tt&o^c MississlppL.... — i. 

Totals, 6 Roads 

Eastern 
Halttmoie A Potomac....... 

■ ailM n J^ Albany 

OiMenA Atlantic 

mipi^Yo^ !& liew England 



Cross 
Earnings 



12,983,809 
26,728,480 
24,718,408 
2&,8i8.848 
1,649,619 



8i;278,687 



16,828,616 
12,260,000 
82.651,015 
8,826,608 
50,879,068 



U4,9S3,807 



1,851,918 
16,013.867 
82,842,865 

1,129,441 

5,474,617 
80.509,706 
15,843,679 

3,578,220 



105,289,577 



2,601,£62 
4,842,S;6 
1,895,577 
1,226,536 
2,078^:09 
8,827,831 



15,972,731 



1,845,873 

8,838,727 

509,090 

4476,060 



Operating- 
Expenses 



12,182.404 
14,01,683 
14,560,264 
14,824.788 
1,050,931 



46,660,070 



9.709,185 
8,850,000 

19,983,918 
2,552492 

82,619,686 



78464331 



l/ro0,692 

11,422,854 

24,954,433 

637,662 

8,542,668 
17,587,198 
16,€a6,811 

2,100.948 



78,198,2a 



1,&79,419 
8.966,801 
1,025,497 
727,819 
1,331,687 
2,677,724 



11,806^447 



812,857 
5,444,629 

469,815 
2,675,338 



EmnU/vX 



|80(M0» 

12,»6,73ft^F 

10,158,189 

11,024,060 



81,718.517 



6,117,m 
8.900,000 

12,717,09f ^ f 
1,274,416 

17,759,482 



41.7£8.47!8. . ^^m 



4,601,0181 j 

7,388^ 

491M 

1,931,949 

12,9TO,5» * 

n,093.182 

412,272 



27,046,889, 



488,717. 

746,822 

1.150,107 



4,664,284 



2,914.0S8 

129,7^ 

1,6WJ12< 



8.S98 
4401 



UM. 



1^441 

538 
2329 



823* 



iw. 



»■■• 

m 

m 

m 

m 

618 



m 

909 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ROADS 



Earnings 



' EasUm-^Ofntinnid 

Pldtedtlplxi* &£rie ^...» 

Borne, Watertown & Ogdeniioig.^ 
Wort J#iiey .——».— »«..»«.M>»««« ••••*...•.•• 



I Fftcific.*...»^ 

teircr 4 Bio Qrande...—.^^...^. 

KortWn Pacific ^.......^.^ 

Oiegon ImpioTe]neiit.....^.M»....^... 

OiQCon Bailway A Navigatioii Co. 

oMo BMtflc........ ^ 



^ftaLi HAW Orleaai A Texaa ^a€iflo», 
Bai^l^tniienee, Viiglnla A Qeorgia. 

KontQiky Central......^ 

'>ii«BliiH»e& NashnriUe »» 

lEe^pHto & Charleflton.....^.............. 

^j^Tflle. Chattanooga & 8t Lools^ 



Vallty^ 



i«Kt HldtCh & Denver City 

i^ansat City, Port Scott ft Golf....... 

Kansti City, Springfield ft Uemphis. 
St. LoDia ft San Fmnciaco... .»..»..... 

llbntbflRi Pacific Company: 

tlalT^ston, Har. ft San Antonia.. 

tonStlana ft Weatem.................... 

Iloigui, Loniaianaft Texas 

*Fezai ft New Orleans.................. 

^^iWs, Sfoads. 



MttPiean 
Mezlean Central.....^..... 
■telcaii National.......... 



Tolida, Sfoada.......... 

Tolia8,65roa(li 



18,706^ 
2,878^5 
1,852,458 



22^418,858 



1O,€82,]02 
6,728,079 

12,329,6C2 
2,999,488 
6.345,162 

26,2»,186 



68,784,624 



2,882,171 
4,248,872 
€20,697 
18,978,546 
1,444,688 
2,400,772 

8,252,057 
740,654 



29,8G7,S07 



445,481 
2,889,888 
1,569,708 
4,874,628 

2,599,463 
644,688 

4,185,437 
998,169 



17,856,{fl2 



8,857,776 
1,743,521 



8,601,297 
456,984,800 



Openiing 
Exp€n$ea 



12,242,682 

1,664,0:8 

849,184 



14417,908 



6,878,817 
4,217,418 
6,189,180 
2,2:9,257 
8,000,242 
16,859,580 



88,488,994 



1,758379 
2,683,448 

688^878 
8,456,431 

996,4'.^ 
1,429,C64 
1,960,909 

628,995 



240,668 
1,475,627 
1,088,999 
2,049,083 

2,822,422 
815,472 

8,142,310 
663,750 



U,198,166 



2,453,060 
1,446,472 



8,889,581 
295,425/08 



AW 
Earnings 



11.466,968 

1,274,622 

606,274 



8^8QM50^ 



8,708,816 
2,510,661 
6,140,872 
740,226 
2,264,C20 
9,920,606^ 



25,280^689 



1,128^292. 

1,558,924 
832,824 

6,522,116 
448,212< 
970,808; 

1,291,147 
116,659 



Il,8l6«4a2 



204,828 
1.0683U 

480,709 
2,825,595 

277,041 

829,216 

1,043,127 

434,419 



6,C68,746 



1,404,617 
237.149 



1,701,»6| 
161,608,687 



6U 

209 



2/M4 






1^ 

258 

2J028 

M 

801 



m 






Km 






Digitized by VjOOQIC 



114 



MtAMUBrAMmatiM UAMVAU 



XAimteirs» Xxp«BM(N Net Kar^ass Mid MIlMic* •# #• 
IntlieTeftrlSSft 



ROADS 



Grmnger 

BurUngUm, Cedar B«pidi 4c Northern 
(mieago, Burlington & Qiiiney-***^ 
Gbicago, Milwaukee & 8t Paul....... 

Gbieago it North weBtenL»....»......^. 

MIluMapoUa it Bt Lonii 

Totally 5 Boads 

TWifliil Un€ 
lakci Shoie it Michigan Southern..., 
Michigan Central. ........................... 

Ktir York Central. ................. 

Hew York, Chicago it 8t Lonii....... 

Fanna^lTania . ..^.m. 

Tlotali, 6 Roads........................ 

Cdal 
inflUo, Bochester it Pittahnrgh.. ... 

Delaware it Hudson 

I^eiaware, Lackawanna it Western.. 
^ew York, Susquehanna it Western.. 
K<»them Central.. ..... 

fbUadelphia^Beading.. 
Fbila. it Reading Coal it Iron Co. 
Weatem New York it Pennsylvania... 



Totals, 8 Roads 



Central IVestem 
Cincinnati, Ind., 8t. Louis it Chicago 
Chicago, 8t Louis it Pittsburgh. 
Chicago it West Michigan.....^... 
IMroit, Lansing it Northern...... 

Grand Rapids it Indiana... , 

Ohio 4; Mississippi 

Totals, 6 Roads..... 



Eastern 

ipattimore it Potomac 

Boston it Albany........ ..„ 

Oamdcn it Atlantic............ 

Utow York 4& New England . 



Cfs$ 

Earmings 



Expenses Earnings 



18,008,614 
28.666«I26 
21,418,278 
24,801,068 
1,714,758 



80,079,028 



14,0e8«457 
10,701,894 
24405,878 
8,208,618 
45,616,027 



96410.264 



1,249,016 
15,260,866 
81,091,677 

1,092,8&5 

6,490,923 
29,280,543 
15,960,826 

2,599,815 



101,975,521 



2,878,467 
4,567,596 
1,297,801 
1,228,471 
1,946,148 
8,679,615 



15,092,598 



1,823,091 

7,758,8n 

575,208 

8,4C8.714 



82,180,642 
13,872428 
14,512,471 
18,934|894 



46,586,215 



9,247,081 
Is014,608 

16,621,496 
2,488,976 

29,479,758 



65,606,914 



887,993 
10,724,906 
23,663,754 
587,411 
3,255,614 
16,211.575 
16,111,520 
2,040,445 



78,483,248 



1,504,140 
8,807,645 
948,513 
771,271 
1,342,428 
2,644,614 



11,018,641 



768,551 
6,889,694 

427,^04 
2,862,718 



1908,972 
12^,297. 

9,900,802 

10,866,664 

687,078 



84,492308 



4,841,876 
2,692,791 
7,974,877 
769,587 
16485,209 



82,413,8&0 



861,088 

4,585,960 

7,427,928 

504,914 

2,285,809 

18,018,968^ 

•150,604 

668,870 



28.^2,278 



869,827 
759,961 
848,788 
457,200 
603,715 
1,034,971 



4,078,952 



554,540 
2,869,177 

147,9£9 
1,090,996 



Ma 



18,097 

MM 

U08 

868 

828 



m 



848 
688 

418 
961 
99$ 
618 



2,6U 



n 
m 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ui 











ROADS 


Cross 
Earnings 


Operating 
Expenses 


Net 
Earnings 


MXlm$a 


nUiid^tlihlA A Erie 

XoM, Watertown A Ogdeii8biiig....». 
W«^ Jeney..,..^ -« 


(8,292488 
1.741.168 
1486,012 


|1,£99478 

1,112,687 

8094S6 


11492480 
628426 
476417 


288 
4« 

900. 


Vitate 7 rcMdi 




12469,472 

• 

61484n 
8485473 
6787487 
2447448 
2.796.228 
16,157.721 


6460485 


14M 


ButiJU 


84M 

6» 
4419 


Soifer A Bio Qrande...-^^.....^..^ 

Hofihem Pmciflc 

OMgon Imiiroyemeiit....^^M— .M^^. 
ONfonBailwAyANATlgiUoiiCo — 
fhiiQB Faciflc.....^.^ ^«...^.. . 








. TMala.CnMds 

SouUUpn 
0«^, Hew Orleans & Tezaa Pacific^ 
Baa( Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia... 

Kentucky CentraL 

LoiiSevme& NashYllle 

Meinikhis A Charleston 

KaihTiUe. Chattanooga A 8t Lonls... 

KOffolk A Western 

Amndbali Valley..... 


60481418 

2.681,647 
4419.147 

847,070 
18,671,886 
1,880,848 
2,184,627 
2,771,121 

694.802 


86,067,976 

1416,786 
2,705,716 

674,668 
8441,186 
1,088,488 
1474,889 
1,649492 

668.162 


28408417 


12478 

I4OA 
868 

2488 
880 
564 
608 
856 


1464412 

1,418,482 
272,412 

6430400 
801466 
860,188 

1,121429 
81,780 


;. Totali,8roads : 

SomthwesUm 

I\Brt Worth A Denver City. 

Kaniiaa City, Fort Scott A Qnll 

Kansas City, Springfield A Memphis.. 

8t Lools & San Francisco 

Mthem Pacific Company: 

Qalv^ston, Ear. & San Antonio 

Louisiana & Western 

Uoigan, Louisiana & Texas 

Texas & New Orleans ,...». 


28459,488 

464,456 
2,646,626 
1,511,461 
4,388,406 

8.286,641 

627,817 

4,205,451 

1,017,620 


17468470 

272,066 
1467,091 
1446400 
1429,962 

1,691446 
283,872 

2,655,250 
630,419 


10486418 

192480 

989,485 

866461 

2468444 

1445,896 
843,445 

1450401 
487,201 


6487 

146 

888 
888 
8U 

888 

U2 
288 
208 






Totals, 8roads...M —* 

Mexican 
Mexican Central.................. ...... .....»» 


17,932.878 

8,558.670 
1,821,627 


10.066406 

2,083,099 
1,112.726 


7,926,678 

1425,471 
208.892 


8488 
i486 


Mexican National .« « 


868 


Totals, 2 roads 

-^Tsttfs, 65 roads 


4,880,197 
425,561,684 


8,145,834 
275.798,075 


1.784,363 
149,758,409 


2401 
62488 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



m 



SPAmSH-AMBSMMll MANUAL. 



N«t Xaralass mtnA WUX—gm of ftft 
In the Year 1884 



ROADS 



Crmnger 
Bt^ttBgton, Cedar 'Rapidt41( Northero 

CMeago, Burlington & Qnincy 

Chicago, Milwaukae & 8t PauL 

Chicago & Northwestern.^ 

MlBBeflpdlia & 8t Louis. 

Totalf, 6 Roads 

Trunk Line 

Laka Shore & Michigan Southern 

Michigan Central ....^ 

Heir York Central.....^ 

New York, Chicago & 8t Louis. 

P«mis>lyania .«^......« 

Tatals, 5 Roads «^ 

BntfUot Rochester & Pittsbnigh. 

Delaware A Hudson. 

]>elawa(re, Lackawanna A Western.^. 
New York, Susquehanna & Western. 

JiMthern Central. » 

nbiladelphia& Reading 

Phila. & Reading Coal & Iron Co 

Western New York &. Pennsylvania... 

Totals, 8 Roads 

Central Western 
Cincinnati, Ind., St Louis <& Chicago 
Chicago, St. Louis & Pittsburgh. 

Chicago <& West Michigan 

yetroit, Lansing & Northern...... 

Qrand Rapids & Indiana... 

Ohio A MissiBsipi^ 

Itotals, 6 Roads 

Eastern 

Baltimore & Potomac , 

Boston A Albany ,... 

Oamdeti & Atlantio.. 

Hmt York & New Eaglaad ^ 



Cross 


Operating 


AW 


Iflf^aa 


Earnings 


Expenses 


Ea^nrngrs^ 
1 878,690' 


MHim§9 


1 2.7»,459 


1 1,917,769 


rri 


25.483.612 


13,072.604 


13,411,10t 


«3N 


28,470,998 


13,8;;9,628 


9,6U,870 


4.780 


28.491.898 


14.099,980 


0,891,959 


8,848 


1.734,026 


1,251,126 


482,100, 


itt 


76.978,993 


44,U)0.966 


82,776,027 


tt,ii| 


14,843,684 


9,133,621 


5,710,068 


1.84i 


11,659,077 


8.959,132 


2,699,945 


!.« 


27.044,710 


17,846,600 


9,698.110i 


^058 


8.207,590 


2.880.283 


818.8G7 


828 


48.5664»11 


80,527,009 


18,039,002 


2,208 


106,821,872 




86,966,377] 


%m 


1.129,265 


796,548 


882,717; 


1H 


16,879,021 


11,549,871 


4,829,150 


JH 


81,811,992 


28.383,180 


7,918,812 


881 


1,084,208 


416,621 


617.687 


^ 


6,521.876 


8,468,394 


2,068.482 


828 


80.972,160 


17,750,4:7 


18,212,788' 


V8M. 


16,460,972 


16.062,494 


888,478 


— 


2.604.868 


1,888,826 


616,042 


674 


I05p{14.862 


75,885.261 


29,979,101 


Cfn 


2.434.780 


1,623,857 


906.928 


m 


4,3:6.839 


8,622,166 


874,678 


m 


1,469,667 


1,600,690 


468,977 


«i 


1,328,591 


865,270 


468,821: 


fti 


2,116.-289 


1,502,579 


618.720; 


808 


8.702.950 


2,926,734 


776,225 


61^ 


15,44i),185 


11,848.296 


4405,839 


2i0tt 


1,224,571 


838,938 


885,683 


88 


8,021,820 


6,619,222 


2,402,598 


884 


575.455 


471,056 


104,89t 


n 


8,261.627 


2,650,833 


602,294 


888 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



i«l4— CoAtlaQed 



ROADS 



Gums 

Bmmiugs 



OpermHng 
Exptnus 



Nti 
Emmimg^ 



iraMp» 



EtHtem-^Continued 

nitlildelphU & Erie || 8,660,146 

Wmmt iP ain r io w B & OgdeoibuTg. 1,727,689 

UNpM Jeney 1,819,649 

Mt»ls. 7 WMMis 

QiOffANto PflOlflo ». 

lieiiTer & Rio Qra]ide~.~..i^....^.«. 

Horihem Pacific ~ 

OfCgOD Iinproveiiieiit.....«M.~ »... 

Oregon Railway & Navigatioo Co. 
OnkinFaciflo ^.........~ 



12,202,066 

1,UM66 

816,843 



11,458,080^ 
612,017 
£03,806 



19,700,951 



6,760,fi22 
6,552,104 

12,618,805 
8,870,762 
4,298,841 

25,657,230 



12,722,624 



4,568,682 
8,758,529 
6,498,882 
2,545,712 
2,584,803 
14,868,115 



6.068,827 



1,191,890 
1.796,075 
6,119,973 
825,160 
1,764,088 
10,789,175 



57,242*824 



2,658.185 
8,998,622 
922,107 
18,662,465 
1.428,682 
2,858,682 
2,711,162 
,742,871 



^0ltm^9vm OdMuu & Texas Pacifke.. 
SMl^Dnmessee, Viigiiiia & Georgia.. 

tMMlJMky Central 

Iiibteville<A Nashville 

^ Mtoil l h iB & CharloBton » 

fliitotfUe. Chattanooga & 8t Lonis .. 

t A Western 

I Valley 

T<Mda,8rDads 

Southwestern 

9%g^Wo9tik & Denver City 

KKiiwniCity, Fort Scott & Onlf 

Kansas City, Springfield & Memphis. 

0t. iMlii d San Francisco 

I Pacific Company : 

Q, Har. & San Antonio 

LMdatana & Western 

, Louisiana & Texas ... 

I A New Orleans 

tWifls, 8road8 

Mexican 

I Central 

k National 

, 2 roads 4,879,248 

^55ioad8.....» 423,574,478 



84,758.628 



1,754.174 
2.510,721 



8,289329 
1,030,186 
1,842,943 
1.516357 
618,015 



22.488,701 



904.0U 
1,482,£01 

818,485 
5372,686 

896.496 
131^789 
ia€4,295 

129356 



28,477,266 



468,568 
2422,448 
1,204,274 
4.643,596 

2,901,691 

485,709 

8329,006 

72,140 



17,6513<7 



248360 
1,407,698 

843396 
2,120342 

1378.761 
269,162 

2,465367 
516,621 



10315,919 



214,708 
1314,750 

868378 
2,628,054 

922380 

216347 

1,168,139 

:K)5319 



24» 

681 
4,471 



1.6B 
811 
5!il 

fa 




16,622,827 



3316,070 
1,368,178 



9348,402 



2,419,457 
1,215,469 



6,77332i> 



596318 
147,709 



8,684,926 
278360^940 



744322 
150,718388] 



lit 
881 

801 

911 

m 

281 
208 

83a 

UK 
iii 

2,191 



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1^18 BFAMISH-AmHRXAM 'MAHUAJi. 

ilUMXKraiiig tQinloniMili^n^^^ by:oflNato-ofJt» jmoil 

iitates ^e aggre^taia mil^ige ol tho United States on the let ot Jan- 
. nary, 1838, was 153,056 muea. Between 10,030 And 12;003 milea of 
track were laid in 1887. The state taxes paid bv railroads in 1887 
amounted to $15,778,253. Nnmber ol looomotiYes in 1889, over 
29,000,03a » 'T 

i And that in 1887 there were in the prlnelpal elttee of the comnti^inaili 
2,poa miles of street railways moyed by horse-power, and 77 of cable railr(M% 
of which aboat 23 were in Chicago. 22$^ in Ban Francisco, ^ in Mew York and 
^ in Philadelphia. There are a few miles of railway on which the can are 
propelled by electricity, and upwards of 170 miles wheron the pr^pelUag 
power is steam. 

Some of the British possessions possess a few miles of railwaT. 
a» will appear in subjomed tables. The possessions of the FVsBok; 
DaaiBh, and Dutch do not seem to have this facility. 

Island of Trinidad......64)i miles. Receipts in 1887 JM8,700 ^'. . 

" " Jamaica 98 " •• " 1888.. — 47,800 

" «* Barbados — .23)^ " " ' • 

British aalana............28 *' in 1888. . aj 

With only a few ezoeptions the coontries emlnaced in thi» wotk 
are provided with telegraphic facilities to maintain commonicatfon 
witlna themselves, or with their neighbors. Nearly all of thaoii 
ate also directly or indirectly connected with the outside worldib)! 
means of submarine cables. - • r. t 

Without attempting to give here a histwy of the magneto-eleeMo 
telegraph, I will merely state that Professor Morse's inventioA^ 
g^erally recognized as the most efficient and simple, was fiart 
madd public in New York by its author in 1837. He obtainedJ^ 
patent from the United States government in 1840, and the inien* 
tion was for the first time brought into practical use between Aba 
cities of Washington and Biaumpre,on the 27th of May, 1844. 
8tece that time se?eral other systems have been devised." \>ut 
Morse's has thus far been preferred, for long distances at least. 
Many improvements and additional machinery have been invented , 
and telegraphic service has been thereby brought to what Would 
seem perfection ; and yet the work of improvement and of newdih 
covery goes on. " - '- 

Ab early as 1797, Francisco Sidvd had a clear idea that elaetrie 
communication could be maintained under the sea, and in ooe^'Of 
his papers proposed the voltaispila as preferable to the electiloal 
machine. He suggested a plan to establish submarine telegraphing 
between Barcelona, and Palma in the Balearic island of Majorca. 
Dr. O'v^haughnessy made experiments in India in 1839. Wheatatotie 
expressed the opinion that submarine communication could be^ es- 
tablished under the British channel between France and Enp^!and. 
In 1842, Morse laid an insulated wire between Governor's island 
and the Battery, in the city of New York, and Samuel Colt, in 
1843, extended another from Coney island to the Batt^r^; 
Siemens laid a wire, insulated with gutta porcha, across the Rhi!ae 
from Deutz to Cologne. J. W. Butt laid a wire in An^H^, 
1853, between Dover and Calai u In 1857, was tmsuccessf uUy made 
th3 tert attempt to lay a subniiarine cable acroesthe Atlanticiocdui. 
The second attempt in June, 1858, had no better reseat. The third 



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Uf 

•Mempt, Auffoflt Gth» 1858, wm soooeflBfol, but owing to imperlecl 
inealatlon, the cable became useless in a few da3r8. A fourth 
aUjOmpt made in J 865 was unfortunate, the cable having parted, 
while Deing laid, dnrino; a heavy storm. The fifth effort was made 
the next year, when the Grreat Eastern successfully laid a cable 
between iVinity bay and Valencia, having a length of 2,134 miles. 
The Great Eastem^then proceeded to the place where the cable of 
1805 was parted, and succeedad in splicing it and completing the 
line. In 1869, a French cable was laid between Brest and 8t. 
Pierre, and between St. Pierre* and Duxbury in Massachusetts. 

In 1870, upwards of 15,000 miles of submarine cable were already 
laid, includmg the Indian and China cables. Since that time, 
several other cables have been laid between the United States 
and Europe. In 1873, a cable was laid between Lisbon and 
Madeira; the next year Madeira was connected with tho Cape 
Verde island of St. Vincent, 1,200 miles, and St. Vincent with 
Pemambuco in Brazil, 1845 miles. Some years earlier, a short 
line had been established between Habana, Cuba, and Key West, 
and hence to a point in Florida. Subsequently other lines have 
been established, by means of which Central and South Americ* 
are connected between themselves, and with the West Indies, the 
United States and Europe, and thereby with the rest of the civilized 
world. Tho telegraph mileage of the world on the Ist of January* 
1888, has been estimated at 750,000 miles of poles, and 2,250,000 
mikii of wires. There are about 130,000 miles <^ cable In 
operation. 

The telegraph has kept x>ace in Mexico with other improver 
raents promoted in recent years. In a country whose population 
is so scattered this means of communication domanois especial 
care, for ^e preservation of peace and security, as woU as for facil- 
itating sociarrelations and tfade. 

The first line was established in 1851, between Mexico and Puebla. But the 
system has been vigorously developed only within the last twenty years. In 
1872. the number of kilometres in course of construction did not exceed 7,800^ 
*" - --- - IS show tho condition of tele- 
Extent of lines: 21,200 kilo- 

„ , state lines, 4,431 kilometres of 

lailv^ Unes, 8,801 kilometres of lines belonging to privato parties; 8J,885 kilo- 
meti^ttor upwards of 19,000 miles of lines with about 82,400 miles of 
Wile.- There are about 4,173 miles of tolephones. The republic is connected 
\fj sidbinarine cable with the United States, and with the isthmus of Panama. 

The Central American republics are intersected by telegraphic 
lines belonging to their respective governments, which connect 
thehr chief towns with one another within themselves, and with 
their sister republics. The construction of telegraphic lines began 
about 1870. A submarine cable, extended from tho i>ort of 
La Libertad to Panamd, furnishes rapid telegraphic communication 
between Central America and tha outer world. 

Guatemala had in 1885, some 1{803 miles of telegraphic lines, and about 8,000 
milea of wire, and probably 83 offices. In Salvador there wcro in 1887, some 
1^60 tallies of telegraph in operation and construction, with 68 stations. In 
1888. 151,626 messages were transmitted. Honduras is credited with tho poa> 
session of about 1,717 miles of telegraph. Nicaragua's main line connects 
llaoftgua with Qranada, Rivas, San Juan del Sur, Corinto, Mosaya, L^on, and 
p<M0tsin t he interior and west side. It was extended in 1888 to San C&rlos, 120 
miles ftom Gr^ytown. There is a branch, via Granada, west and north of 
Lake Kicaragua Line of Cable Company at San Juan del Bar connects by a 
branch with the main one via Granada. 

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tSf> SPAMISH-i^nKfOlUI MANUAL. 

BiMrlj in JS86 thftre irent into opemttoa a ttldphon^ %etWMti Maiwg l^ 
SDd Masaya. and soon after another between San Ubeldo and A^ovtt*. 
<eosta BIca, in 1886, had tl»ee seotionR of televrraph, forming toi^thtir^ 
nUca in Icnsrth, with 84 offices, one of Uie lines connecUny Liberia "ftm 
tficaxagna. In Jannary of that year, there were 12 teleplione ol&eei la flMa 
^os6, and the system was rapidly increasing. 

Colombia has a Sjrstem d effioient tdegraphic Bsrvice, b»lk ia 
the interior and with foreign countries. 

' In 1875, there wer3 1,227 miles of telegraph in operation; in 1883, l,88frimBMB 
Id 1886, 2,8.7 miies of lines and 4,714 mQes of wires. Tho isthmns of Pammia 
has telegraphio connection between both* seas. It ia in commnnicaticitt 1»^ 
submarine cable with Central America and Mexico at La Libertad and «ea^ 
pnlco. It is connected with Perd, via Buenaventura, whieh also places it m 
eommunlcation with Bogot& and other parts of Colombia. A cable to Jamaioa 
«flbrds another connection, via Cuba, with the United States of America. 

Vonozucla and Ecuador have als? managad to keep pace ^tli 
itheir South American deters in the march of improvement^ by 
ptoviding a system of tdlegraphs in their respective territories. 

Venezuela had in 1880, only 833 miles of telegraphs; in 1886. she is credtod 
with the possession of about 2,830 miles of lines, and 52742 miles of Witei. 
There were about i:X> miles of submarine cables in 1878. The number Of tele- 



Craphlo offices was 8X The seven lines owned and operated by the i 

iovcmment connected the chief towns with one another. At San Antonio 
9el T&chira connection was made with the wires of Colombia. Dispatches wer^ 
^rei at the rate of 2) cents for 10 words. There was in 1887, one line of tele- 



ipraph to the sea-coast, 118 miles; another fromOvayaquil to Quito, 270 
and a third one to Cncnca. 

The telegraphic service in Bradl is nnder government control. 
The system was comj^eted in Jane, 1886, to the port id YizMi im 
Pard, where it connects with the cahle system of tho worlds aiMl 
the Bdcm land tdegrsph. Seventeen provinces were then in 
dirsct telegraphic commonication with one another, and wiik ilM 
ontside world. 

In June. 1887. there were in operation 10,610 kUometres, or about 6,410 nilBa 
«f telegraph line, with 18,812 kilometres ofwire, and 171 atations. 
No. of messages tranamitted in the year ]M4-6.....J97,78I 

Receipts .._ milreis 700^619 

Expenses.............^ — ....„ ^.^ " 2,100,671 

Deficit........ ^ " l,40ifiS2 

The lines run ftom Cearft to the frontier of UrBgnaV. The chief cities on thto 
toast are united by a cable belonging to a foreign company. The empire is tn 
telegraphic connection by submiulne cable with Lisbon, via Cape Vetde 
islands. Another line of 4,6C0 kilometres long Joined, on the 11th of June, 1B86. 
Riode Janeiro, and Bragan^a, a city in the proTince of Pari. Tho Pedosu 
American Telegraph Cable company obtained valuable concessions froSTBra- 
sil and Venezuela to establish direct communieation between the twocwin- 
tries and New York. This port and Ceari connected by cable since 1887. 

The Argentine Repuhlic has developed a very efficient system 
of telegraphic sarvice to keep in perfect connection hdr towns, and 
to maintam communication with her neighbors and the rest of ihe 
world. 



%^^HlA 



were official. By December, 1888, there were 1,727 additional miles of g«vei«- 
ment lines completed. In December, 1882, there were two telephone iooia* 
yaniea tn Buenos Aires with l,50ii subscribers. The lines in operation lam^ 



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1 



121 

fMnpled]ak9Q7milef,«BMtojiBgL288 penoiM. The mwIm in» oftMided 

BpiTOlUlOTietres beyona Bnenoe Alre8,f»cnit«tlDg comrnQolcatlon wUb thj^ 
mm pOTt of calt, EDBenada. In tfala last named year there were 13.643 mue» 
ef .Unes in operatiou; cf them 11,360 were the property of the national ani 
MW^iKiliil goTeraoients, tho rest belonging to prlTate companies. The com- 
'iK'#f telegraphic dispatches transmitt^ was 658,461 in 1886. Number of 
inises in 1886,^1. In 1887 the Argentine republic is credited wltli 14,444 
■^les of lines, and 25,7r>l miles of wires. Thero is a snow-cable, since 187% 
the Andes, through the Upallata pass, connecting Mendoza, and 
.» Buenos Aires, with Valparaiso, from which latter port a submarine 
i fnmishes communication with tho United States. The subfluvial tele- 
,D» connecting Buenos Aires and Montevideo, brings them into communi- 
on with Rio de Janeiro, and thence with Cape Verde inlands, Europe and 
the cast coast of the United States. 

•'• Urogaayisalso well provided with telegraphic facilities, both 
njtfiin her own torritory, and to commnnicate with her neighboia 
omI other foreign nations. 

* At the end of 1879 there were 758 English miles owned by three companlw, 
a«mely, Compafiia TelegrAfica Platina, Linea Oriental, and the River Plate 
W0grai>h Company (Limited), tills last named owning more than half tht 
miet. In 1884 there were about 1,032 miles of lines, and some 8,480 miles of 
wiresL In 1887 the number of miles of lines was I462, and the service was 
ffVflHmed with 82 offices. In 1886, 140,095 telegrams were dispatched. 
Qnder an arrangement with the Argentine republic the uruguiiyan l«n4 
'" a«io extended to the island of Martin Garcia, situated on the Plata river 
' I Argentine territorv. Through tho Argentine Transaudine Telegraph 
„ ay hasconununication with the Pacific coast As stated before, a sub- 
dfal telegraph connects Montevideo with Riode Janeiro: hence the conneo- 
\ with Europe, the United States, etc. 

Faragoay is as yet possessed of limited telegraphic facilities. 

fkere was in 1887 a line of telegraph by the side of the railwav from AsuBr 
^foo to Paraguarl. in 1884 a new line was opened, connectiiDg Asuncion 
llffh Corrientes in the Argentine republic, and thence with the rest of th# 
W«ld. 

Boliyia is not entirely devoid of telegraphic facilities. The total 
Itflgth of her lines in 1886 was about 400 miles. 

fltere Is one line between Chllilaga, on Lake Titicaca, and La Pas and Omro. 
Ilk j|86 there were several stations connecting with the Argentine telegraphic 
— 'a, viz: Cotagaita, Huambaca, Potosi, Sucre or Chuquisaca, La Pas and 
Communication with La Pas is also had via Mouendo. 

Perd is tolerably provided with telegraphic lines for both inr 
* and external communications. 



I9 J878 she had 1,382 miles of telegraphs. That number had been increased 
t#< 1,681 in 1882, with 84 offices, the number of telegrams transmitted that 
MiMr^aving been 110,6C9. The telegraph cable laid on the west coast of South 
America has stations at Paita, Callao, Lima, and Mollendo. Perd is in direot 
<HimiiiiiI< iitinn with the telegraphic system of tho world. 

Chili possesses telegraphic facilities in abundance. Tho land 
Mtem is in charga of tho government, but there were likewise a 
£vf lines in private hands. 

^ J875 thero were 2,550 miles of telegraph line in the republic, the number 
fiflKessages in 1874 having been Z70,lSi. in 1883 there were 126 offices, 10,821 
Wimetres of wire; cost $o88,189. Private messages sent, 411,784; govemmeni 
iMMages. 110,890. Receipts, |li:8,609. There was a private line between San- 
tM» and Valparaiso; another between Santa Rosa de los Andes and the Ai^ 

Siorepnblic. The total length of telegraphic lines of Chili at tho end of 
as about 9,003 miles, of which 7303 belonged to the state. The number 
lea 180. and of messages transmitted In that year 188,666. Finally, thm 
MMAble l«ld along the «Mst by which communication is maintainea wltii 
W^fld^ cablet ayirtigBi. 



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TZZ « 8PANI8H-Alf tfSICAK MANUAL. 

' The Dominican republic has 25 miles of lines and 62 mite»'el 
wires. A cable at Mole st.; Nicholas connects Hayti with the 
world. 

The Bpanish West India possessions are intersected with iels- 
graphic lines, and also enjoy communication with the rest cf Ae 
world by submarine cables. - f 

. Cuba had in 1887 alx>ut 2,810 miles of telegraph lines, and Porto Bico aboiit 
473. Cuba has communication with the rest of the world by the snbmartais 
cable from Habana to Key West and the mainland of Florida, and also bj tha 
eable extended from Santiago de Cmba to Jamaica. Porto Rico la nlso oon- 
nected with the latter by cable. 

The United States^ in the extent of its telegraphic service, has 
exceeded all other nations. In 1860 it was estimated that thees 
were already 50,009 miles in operation, and in 1876 no less tlum 
150,000 miles of wire, while in tho aggregate about 700,000 mi^es 
of wire formed the network spread over the earth for telegraphic 
purposes. The history of the telegraphic lines in the United 
jstates is an interesting one, and will be found below. 



messages sent that year was 43,289,807; the receipts were 116,298,688; the ex- 
penses, 112,878,783; the net earnings, |3,919,8C5. Besides the above, there an 
many new lines of tel^aphs which are lawfully operating wires with or 
Without connection with railroad lines. The aggregate mileage of telegraph 
lines in the United States in 1887, exceeded 180,000 miles, besides railway,^(»lr- 
'emment, private, and telephone lines, whose actuallength isnot ascertainalriai 
However, one report for 1887 gives the following figures: Length of lines, Ifie^Sli 
miles; length of wires C24,614; number of ofHces, 15,658; number of messages 



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GOiocBaoii. 121 



in. Arenkp mU per metMge, 86.2 cents; ayerago coet per cieMage,27.7 ceid|: 
fremge pront per m eni g e, 8.5 oenti. Another report lorlhe eamo year wli 
40WB the nomber of mllet of lino At 2SlJ6es» And ot wire at 727,282. Another ao- 



ltat«. Tha anregate of 
• emUiUatc 



>f line. 

my of Boston had on the 1st of Jannary. 
anges in varions cities of the Unitei 



eompmy^ emui atock was 

January LJ887» had heen |3,t ^_, , ,.._. 

paid In 1886 were 10 per cent on the capitaL The amosate number of tele- 



January L 1887» had been 

paid In 1886 were 10 per cent on the capitaL The anroaral 

Irenes in use thronghont the United Btstes, including Ihoee of 



, . Jinglhoee of competiiw 

Hoes, much exceeds that given above. The extent in mileage of telegmph 
wires put up for telephone use in the United States, is staled to* be about 



llie Britiah, French, and Danigh West India islands enjo/ the 
licilities of telegraphic communication with one another and with 
other coontries, although hut few ol them have land lines. 

The Bermudas had in 18B6, 82 milea of telegraph wire and 15 miles of cabla. 
The number of messages sent in 1885 was 84,600. In Jamaica there were, in 
1869.628 miles of line. A law was passed in January. 1879, authorizing the ea- 
taboshment of an inland telegraphic system. The director of public works is 
entissted with the erection and maintenance of lines, Imt the management of 
the depaitment is vested In the postmaster of Jamaica. A school of telMxaphy 
was soon after established in Kingsttm, at which, as well as at thedismct sta- 
tions, have been trained all theoperators employed in the service. The tele- 
graph department la worked on theavstem practised in England, which haa 
prored suecessfuL The first communication wasestablishea in October, 1878, 
between Kingston and 8t Ann; the circuit of the island was Completed on 
March 4, 188L From that time the telegraph service has been proauctive of 
Buafa good. The West India and PanamA Telegraph company has cables con- 
necting the island of Jamaica with the other West India islands, English, 
French, and Danish, Porto Rico and Cuba, Quiana and Paham&. Those coun- 
triesare thus placed in telegraphic communication throagh Cuba, with Nora 
America and Europe, and through PanamA with the nanons of Central and 
Sosth America. British Guiana had in 1886. 280 miles of telegraph. Belize re- 
ceives telegrama from abroad by steamer from New Orleans. Trinidad has 
tdegraph and telephone communications along the railroad lines. 

Under the laws of the United States, ^QscriminatiDg duties ol 
tonnage and impost on foreign vessels and their cargoes are to be 
levied in all cases where exemption therefrom has not been stipu- 
lated in especial ti-eaties, or providfMl for in especial laws. 
Thus: 

First class : Vessels of the Argentine Republic are admitted with 
the produce or n^anufacttpre of their own, or any other nation, as 
re^r:«ct^ tonnage ^nd impost duties, on the same terms as vessels 
of the United states. Vessels of Bolivia, Brazil, Chili, Colombia, 
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatamala, Hayti, Honduras, 
Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Salvador, and Venezuela are ad- 
mitted in p<Mts of the United states on the same terms as those of 
the latter, as respects duties, imposts, and charges. British ves- 
sels and itheir cargoes from anv port of the world, are admitted at 
pon^s of the United 8tates on the same terms, as to duties, imposts,' 
and charges, a;^ those of the United States. 
: fiecond class : Costa Rican vessels are admitted into the Uiiited 
8tat^e, as respects tonnage or navigation duties, on the same 
terms as vessels of the United States, with the produce or manu*^ 
^uctufe of their o^m , or any other country. Their cargoes, whew 
q^iisistjing of. tbe/pft^^pt^.^or;: utanufauct^ire^ of their, own ootintry,' 



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MAMDAL. 

m» exeoQ^ from discrhidiuiting impost doty vbAm 
^wedallj indicated. 

lliiiddads: There are nations with wluxn the United SM^ 
have commercial relations, whose vesBels do not come wUhm* 
.^^or cf the preceding classes. A discriminating dnty of 10 p«r 
«ent. is charged on their cargoes, and tonnage duty at alien rates ; 
^o and a half doUars per ton in addition to the ordinary umnai 
tonnage tax of 30 cents per ton, must be imposad in all cas^ at: 
4¥ery entry of a port in the United Ftates, unless otherwiao indi- 
X^ated. French vesfels entering ports of the United StateSt are 
relieved trom dlseriminatiDg duties, and als3 from discriminating 
impost duties on importations in French vessels from France ahd 
her dependencies ; also on merchandiso imported in such vksesls 
from tho country of its crigin. But the disaiminating duty- of 10 
p r cent, must do collected upon all merchandise imjwitod in 
French vessels, from countries other than France ; no discrimina- 
tion is to be made against tho products of other countries, so- im- 
ported from France in Frenc h vessels. All discriminating tpnnagie 
duties on Spanish vessels have been discontinued, whether tAay 
«oihe from the islands of Cuba and Porto Rico, or from elsewhere.^ 
Merchandise arriving in the United States upon Spanish vedl^ld 
Irom Cuba and Porto liico is snbjeoted to a discrimmating duty ol 
H> per cent, ad valorem. When coming from other ports of iHe 
^pan sh dominions, it is exempt from such discriminatmg duty. A 
Spanish vessel, sailing from a port of Spain for a port of Cuba, and 
leaving the latter without breaking bulk, or taking in any goods^at 
aaid island, her voyage would be, nnder the circumstances, re* 
jarded as a continuous one. bho would not, nor her cargo, be 
sabjected to any other or higher duties of tonnage or imposts than 
If she had come direct from Sx>ain to the United States. The treaty 
<of 1848, between the United States and tho Mexican republic, con- 
Ifarmatcry of the general commercial stipulations of that of 1^1, 
places vessels of th3 United States in M!exlcan ports on the same 
footing as Mexican vessels as regards tonnago, harbor and light dues, 
pilotage, salvage, and all local charts. The coasting trade is, how** 
^ver, reserved by either nation for its own vessels. United States 
vessels may import into Mexican ports, merchandiso the growth or 
manufacture of the United States, on the same terms as if ttie same 
were imported in Mexican bottoms. The duties of import are to be 
no higher, or other than levied on similar merchandise tho gro^^ 
or manufacture of tho mo>t favored nations. Mexican vessels and 
merchandise enjoy, in ports of tho United States, the same privi- 
leges that are accorded to American, vessels and merchandise in 
Mexican ports. In continuation will be found the customBregala- 
tions, pert chirice 3 o"i vessels, duties on foreign importo, and intar* 
nal taxes levied in the Mexican republic. 

Tlie only dliforencd as to port charges between Mexican and foreign ?antlB 
is that tho former aro exempt from tonnago dues, and tho latter haro to fear 
|1 per ton. Although tho coasting trade is reserved to Mexlcaii bottoxMt lor- 
■eign vessels are permitted to go from one port of entry to another, «^ dto-r 



, ,- . _^ cargoes brought from abroad, paying toi 

4>n]^, onco at tho first port of entry. Pilotago is not obligatory ; tho 
ovinons at Mexican portu are sMiree ana deal 



Charge portions of their cargoes brought i 

4)n]y onco at tho first port of entry. Piiotaj 

to'lu per foot. Provinons at Mexican portu i 



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COMKBBCB. 135 

•enee and poor, and costs l}i to 2 cents per eallon. Foreign nations al peaca 
with Mexico may carry on commerce througn her ports of entry; those on tha 
borders, through the frontier custom houses. Vessels can cuschs^e cargo 
only at duly quallfled ports: if any of these should bo in possession of am 
enemy of the gOTemment, it will bo closed to foreign commerce, way trade, 
and coasting trade. Vessels are considered to have arrived the moment they 
enter the territorial waters of the republic. 

Foreign vessels pay the following port charges: For each ton, cubic meaa- 
nro, which the collector of the customs may cause to be rectified when he 
deems it proper. |1. Pilotage, payable at the oflace of the captaio-of-thc-port, 
but only when it has b3en called for. Light dues, for entering and departing, 
whcro there is a light-house, |25. 

Steamers, even wneu bringiug merchandise, pay no tonnage dues, but ara 
charged the following: When they bring cargo, light dues, where there is a 
light-house, $103; for 6ailin<; after oiscbargin?, light-house dues, $100. 

Soiling vessels arriving fully laden with mineral coal are exempted from 
tonnage duty, and only pay the light dues where there is a light-house, and 
f or pllotaje. where a pilot has been employed. If they bring merchandise, 
besides coal, they must pay, for each ton occupied by such merchao* 
disc, |i. 

Vessels destined for two or more ports of the republic must pay at the flril 
port of arrival the whole tonnage dues, the voucher for whicn will serve to 
exempt them from again paying such dues at the other ports. 

Vessels laden with Mexican dye-woods, or other products, and visiting ono 
or more ports of the republic, are exempt from tonnage nnd light dues. They 
must prove that the cargo is of Mexican products. Pilotage, if called for, 
must be paid. 

Vessels, after paying the above-mentioned duties, arc not expected to pay 
fees, or Rive douceurs to any employe of the government. 

Vessels arriving merely to brin^ and receive passengers, correspondence, 
metals, dye-woods, and other Mexican products, may ro to all the ports of the 
republic open to commerce of the iiigh seas, Avithout paying tonnage 
dues. 

Whalers and other vessels making long voyages to foreign ports, may come 
into those of Mexico for the purposes of wintering, watering, obtaining sup* 

ies, or repairing, and will not be called upon to pay tonnage or other 

utics. 

When there are no Mexican vessels to carry on the coast trade, foreign sail- 
ing and Bteam vessels are allowed to engage in such trade. When the quan- 
tlty cf merchandise prepared for shipment from ono port to another oi the 
republic is so small that it would not do enough to fill a Mexican vessel, Its 
•Iiipmcnt upon a foreign steamer Is permitted. 

Tno fact of a foreign vessel arnving at a port of the republic with Mexican 
cflTccta shipped at any other Mexican port, shall not subject her nor tho mer- 
cliandize to any psnalty, for if there should be any irregularity in tho clear- 
ance, tho collector of the custom-house at the port whero she cleared will be 
%Dswerablo therefor. 

Vessels of war of all nations are exempted from the payment of all the dues 
aforrsaid. 

Every shipmaster ariving with cargo at a Mexican port is bound to produce 
his manifest, and the shippers must produce the bills of lading as required by 
law. Vessels from the United States must produce the visa of the Mexican 
consul at the port of departure. This is also required from vessels direc* 
from Europe. The manifest and bill of lading will be accepted by the customs 
authorities as a ba<5is for entering the merchandise; but they must agree with 
the cargo as it is discharged. The vessel is held responsible for errors or mis- 
deeds of owners of goods. The absence of such documents, or any omission 
in them, is liable to be punished by a fine. 

The copies of manifests or bills of lading, where there is no Mexican Consul 
or Commercial Agent, must be forwarded by post, under cover, one each to the 
treasury department of Mexico, and to the custom house to where tiie goods 
are consigned. 

Manifests must be legibly written and clearly compiled, as on next page. 

Owners and maRters of vessels mnst be careful to strictly carry 
ont these resulations. Th«5 cu'^toms anthorities will seldom over- 
look any infringement of them ; but will, on the contrary, inflict 
heavy pecuniary penalties for even very slight defects. 



I 



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126 



aPAKISH-AXBBICAN MANUAL 



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127-i 



Customs Tariff of Mezleo* 

Non.— To aToid being milled by aiiparent redmetioiif, whioh, periiape, reaUf 
Imply locreaied duties, it is necMMuy to pay great attention tothealtenittoni 
in the claMof weight on which the daty U leTiable. FOr instance, in tha ease 
of cotton thread, which preyioosly paid 1.60 dollars per kilog. net, the d«^ 
has been altered to 1.20 dolters per kilof . legal, the efl^ct of which is to consid- 
erably increase the dnty. in place of rednclug it by 25 per cent, as wovld ap- 
pear at first sight to be the case. 

NoTB.— By '* net weight" mnst be anderstood the actual weight ol the mer- 



chandise; by ** legal weight " that which includes, besides the ** net weight." 
that of the interior bottles, boxes, winders, wrappers, etc.. in which the arttcles 
are imported; And by " gross weight," the total weight of the pecksges. When 
merchandise, which pays according to the '* legal weight," has no other oorer- 



that of the interior bottles, boxes, winders, wrappers, etc.. in which the aracles 

ie"lega 

__ _ jdde package, ._ 

merchandise will be considered to be its legal weight. 



Kilogrammes 2.904 Iba. aroirdupois; square metreaLUS square yards; 
dollar := 4s. 2d. 

Siftlppliiff Oooda. 

Most of the duties leyied in Mexico being on the grots we!|dit of the paiCk* 
•ge, the latter should be as light as possible. Care must be taken to state the 
eonect weights and numbers in applying for the consular invoice. 

Where goods of various kinds are packed together, some of whi^ pay duty 
by the gross, some by the net, and still others dt the legal weight, the wei^ts 
must be taken separately; otherwise the duties will be computed by the 
highest rate paid by the goods contained in anyone package. The marks, 
numbers and addresses must appear on each package plainly painted in 
black; all other marks appearing on old cases that may be used should be 
entirely erased. Merchants in Mexioo want dry-goods sent to them in bales, 
and not in boxes. They have various reasons for that preference. 

Bills of Lading must contain the marks, points of destination, number of 
each package, except in certain goods as required by the tariiT. class of goods, 
•nd names of shipper and consignee. Generally three copies of a bill of 
lading are sufflcient ; but there are cases where even six copies are required. 
When goods are shipped by steamer or sailing vessel the custom house clear- 
ance must be produced with the bill of lading. 



The Consular Invoices are to be made out in quadmplicaU, and signed by 
die Mexican consular officer at the port of shipment, and should be presented 
to him before the departure of the vessel, otherwise it will be refused. The 



marks, numbers, number of packages, must be expressed in figures, and alio 
written out in full; the gross, net and legal weights must be also in figures, 
and written out in fhlL The invoice must also contain the class of goods in 
each package, place of manufacture, and value of the goods, correctly stated. 
At the foot of the invoice the shipper will declare that ne ** acts lawfully and 
In good faith," after which he will append the date and his signature. 

In declaring the class of goods the shipper must have before him the 
tariiT, as a diflerent rate of duty is levied upon each kind of goods. One copy 
of the consular invoice, duly certified, must be forwarded, together with tne 
Dill of lading, to the oonaignee. 



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A.I.PHA.BST'ICA.I/ INDSX 



Application of tlie Mexican Tariff. 



A Rate (rf'Duty 

^^ per Kilogram 

Acetates of copx>er and lead, alnra and iron „ ^ ,...L. W.CO 03 

•* not Bpccificd '^ 15 

Adds, liquid or caseouu, uoL speaiflcd *' 20 

" ia crystals or powder, net bpcciflcd « '* 100 

" acetic, i:itri('» oxalic and pyrolignic " 06 

•* sulphuric^ ohloro-bydric and plienio acid ** Free 

Aconitiuoand its salts '• 16 00 

AccoulromeDts or" all < lasses, with or witbout adornments which 

uro net gold or silver G. W. 2 00 

AccorJcons. (Seo Mubical luBtruments.) 

Aconiloand its suits L. W. 15 00 

Addico or cliip-axc G. W. 10 

Adzc3 f or aTricultural purposes Free 

A^a.e. (Seo manufactures.) 

Alabaster, in bulk or slabs, polished on one side up to 49 centi- 

me'erjiuasqua o *• 01 

" of more than 4 J < entiracters iu a square •* 20 

" iu slabs of all dimensions, polished on both bides^ « " 20 

Alacranesof iron, for carna:;es ^ « *' 20 

Alarms, with wooclen cases •* 03 

** v/i til metal raies not gold or silver '• 15 

Albumen « *• 10 

Alburanof all kinds, with or without photographs ** 1 10 

Alcohol N.W. 70 

Alcobolatcs L. W. 76 

Alizarine, natural or aitificial G. W. 10 

Alkali " 01 

Alkaloid, not specified L. W. 15 00 

Almouds, bwcet or bitter, without shells N. W. 25 

*• with shell •* 12 

Alpaca, wool, according to the weight of square meter, (ijee woolen 
tentures.) 

AlparnataSj shoes known by that name, per pair 15 

Alum.. L. W. 15 

Ambergris *' 16 00 

Amet h\ st. (See precious stones.) 

Ammonia, liquid G. W. 01 

" gum - " ^0 

Anchors, with or without chains, for ships Free 

Animals, live, excepting castrated horses « Freo 

*• prepared lor natural history cabinets « " 10 

Anis :...... ~N. W. 01 

Aniset i i vessels of glass. (See liquors.) 

Antimony, metal «....N. W. £0 

Anvils G. W. 05 

Anvili of all sizes for tinsmiths •* 10 

Apparatus, hydroterapic of all kinds " 20 

•< for medical and surgical uses, not specified. ^ L. W. 1 00 

(127-ii) 



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COMMEBCB. 127-iii 

RttBofDuty 
per Kiloffmn 

Appmstai, all Undi nbt ipeoifled, for indnstarlal, agrictiltaral, min- 
ing pvrpcwM, arts and acienoes, and their separate 

parts and pieces when they come with them ^.. Free 

fc» enlngvishing fire, with extra charge of liquid ^.. " 

Apomorfine.........^ ^ L.W.|i5 00 

Azack (ram) in vessels of glass at wood. (See Bnm.) 

Arches of wood for holding awnings on cars » o. W. 06 

Arms, fire, breech or mmssle loading, all kinds and their extra parts '* 1 25 
** fire, not repeating or breech-holding, all kinds and their 

extra parts. „ •* 82 

•* Bide, without any gilding „ «* 26 

" Bide, gilt or sUyer platedf. '« l 00 

Ajnenic, metallic N. W. 80 

•* red or yellow U. W. 10 

" white „ Free 

Articles, not mentioned, of cotton cloth, all textures without 

embroideries L. W. 1 60 

** not mentioned, of cloth of ail textures, embroidered with 

other material not gold or silver ** 2 25 

** not mentioned, of linen cloth, all textures, without em- 
broidery ** 1 80 

** not mentioned, of linen cloth of all textures, embroidered 

with other material not gold or silver ** 2 50 

'* not mentioned, of woolen cloth, all textures, without em- 
broideries. « " 2 25 

" not mentioned, of woolen cloth, all textures, embroidered 

with other material not gold or silver ** 8 50 

•* of woolen yarn, not specified.....^ N. W, 2 20 

" of silk, not specified " 16 00 

** of silk mixed with cotton, linen or wool, with or without 

emlnoideries of the same material, not specified " 9 00 

'* etc., with trimmings of bugles, beads of glass or metal, 

not fine, not specified ** 8 00 

*' of silk with bugles, beads of glass or metal which is not 

fine, not specified «* 12 00 

Abestos in powder ** Free 

(' in sheets or in anv other form, and even when it contains 

rubber, provided it comes with machinery G. W. 10 

" with woolen, felt, cotton or cardboard *' 10 

Asphalt. — «. " 04 

AtUtses ** 01 

Atropine and its salts L. Wr 15 00 

Axes and hatchets, with and without handles G. W. 10 

Axletrees, iron and steel, for carriages ** 10 

'Axletreet)Ox fOr carriages •* 10 

Asarine " 10 



Babbitt-metal in bars G. W. 10 

Bags or sacks of all other materials. (See the part to which the 

cloths correspond) No price 

*' or sacks, ordinary* of jute, jHtOj hemp, and other similar 

fibers, for the exportation of fruit Free 

" traveling, of all classes and sizes, according to material 

composed of No price 

** for hunting, of all classes and sir^s G, W. 60 

" ordinary, made of cloths and with wood slats ** 80 

" of straw paper, eatraciUat or wrapping paper, without addresses 

or advertisements " 10 

** of straw paper, ettraeUla, or wrapping paper, with printed 

addresses " 20 

Baise of WooL (See woolen cloths.) 

Balconies of iron not weighing over.20 kilograms '* 20 

" of iron weighing more than 20 kilograms " 10 



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127-iv BPANI8U-AMERICAK MANUi^L. 

Rate oC Doty 

Ball molds of iron ^. W.|0 20 

»• molds of brass or copper " 80 

Balls, billiard, of ivory " 4 00 

Balsams, natural or in liquid L. W. 1 It 

•* compounded •* 1 66 

Bands of linen, embroidered 2 fit 

^' of wool, or wool and cotton, embroidered ....N. W. 8 M 

'* of cotton of all kinds of textures, without embroideries L. W. ' "^ 

♦* of cotton, embroidered with cotton or wool 

" of cotton, embroidered with silk 

" all textures, without embroidery 

" of wool witn embroidery of same material ;... 

" of wool with silk embroidery 

" of silk and cotton, or of silk and wool, or of silk, wool and 
cotton embroidered with any material not of gold or 

silver N. W. 

" of silk, plain or embroidered , " 

" of cotton, knit, with wool fringe ^ " 

" of leather, when coming separate from machinery , G. W. 

" of leather coming with machinery 

** of rubber not coming with machinery " 

" of rubber coming with machinery 

" made of several sheets of cotton canvas tarred for machiney ^* 

Bark for dyeing purposes. (See dye-woo:3.) 
" medicinal " 

Barley, not pearl " 

irl.... 



pearl. 
Barometers of all kinds.. 
Barrels, of wood, empty, for exporting national products- 
Barrel for guns or firearms 

Bass viols. (See musical instruments.) 

Batiste of linen. 'See linen cloths.) 

Beads, polished glass that are or are not cut or.ground 



covered with crape . 
raL.., 



" of common metaL 

" of gold or platinum. (See jewelry.) 

Beams, iron, for ceilings » •' 

Beans ~ " 

Beberine. (See alkaloids.) 

Bedsteads of iron, all kinds ** 

of brass all kinds *' 

*• of ordinary wood ; '* 

" of fine woods, veneered or solid ** 

Bed-wood for carriages. (See hubs and posts for carriages.) 

Beer in bottles N. W. 

" in barrels ^ " 

Bells, small, jingling, of iron, all kinds G. W. 

" of brass, all kinds. " 

" of all kinds of metal *' 

" electric, all kinds — * 

" of metal for calling " 

Bellows for forge ' 

** hand, for chimneys 

Belts of all kinds with buckles not of gold or silver *' 

Benzine of all kinds N. W. 

♦' of all kinds for medicine and surgery *• 

" of silk or other material not containing silk, with or without 

buckles, not of gold or silver , '* 

Bicarbonate of ammonia , G.W. 

•* of Potash .. L. W. 

" of soda " 

Billiard tables without including the cloth G. W. 

Birds, live 

" stufiPed .*. *' 

Bird cages, according to material composed of. 



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OOMMBBOB. 12^*T 

RateoTDirtjr 
per Kiloffran 

BiMoits* medlcaL ^ ^ ^.....^^m « L. WJO 76 

Bltmuth, metallic N. W. 1 60 

Bits, Iron, for animals q, w. 20 

•* " 10 

Bitters N. W. 80 

Blackening, liquid or in paste, for shoes or harness G. W. 20 

Blade, for sword, separate •« 45 

Blankets or covers of linen for horses L. W. 8 80 

•* of woolen cloth for horses '* 2 25 

** cotton, plain or stamped •< 1 60 

'* plainer woolen, without stamping «« 2 25 

Blanks, for invoice, drafts, etc. (See documents, printed.) 

Blinds, Persian wood G. W. 80 

Blotting sand „ Yrte 

Bluing of all kinds ^ •« 1 j^ 

Boards, wood, for building ^ Free 

•• chess or checker, according to material. 

Bolts, iron, all classes ^ •* 20i 

*• brass, allclasses " 8A 

Bones. (See articles made of.) 

Bone, calcined Fre« 

Books or portfolios of slate " 50 

*• blank, ruled, ordinary binding... ♦* 95 

'* bonna in velvet, shell, ivory, tortoise-shell, gatta-peroha, 

wood; composition , paste or metal, not gold or silver. ... " 12^ 
'* printed or manuscripts, bound, Dutch binding or leather 

binding " 08 

'• printed or manuscripts, rustic Free 

Boots and half-boots of leather, per pair 1 60 

*• of calfskin or patent leather, per pair 2 60 

Boot-hooks, according to material. 

Bosoms, cotton, not embroidered, forshirts L. W. 1 00 

" cotton, embroidered, for fchirts •* 2 26 

•* linen, plain or embroidered, for shirts N. W. 6 00 

Bottles, IIIIW with liquid to extinguish fires Free 

" clay G. W. 15 

'* of common glass, for liquors, wines, beer and rum *' 03 

•* of crystal or glass " 20 

•* or syphons, fflass, for holding seltser water " 20 

Bottle-holder, iron, all classes *« 20 

** copper or brass ** 80 

** metal, gilt or plated ** 180 

" pewter or white metal •* 4ft 

•* wooden " sSi 

" pasteboard « •♦ 45 

** metal, nickel^ " 70 

" plaque* *• 1 25 

Boxes of tin, all kinds •* 20 

Boxwood y.... *• 01 

Bracelets, fur. (See manufactures of fur.) 

** of gold, silver or platina. (See Jewelry.) 

" of ordinary metal, not gilt or plated " 80 

'• metal, gilt or plated " 1 8<^ 

" wooden '• 8O1 

" metal, nickeled " 70 

•* of gutta-percha, celluloid, horn or whalebone „ " 80 

•♦ jet or tortoise-shell '* 180 

Brackets, according to class. (See furniture.) 

Bran, wheat or oat " Ot 

Braziers of iron, all kinds, not exceediue 10 kilograms in weight... •* 20 

•• whose weight exceeds 20 kilograms ** 10 

Brass, in sheets or roll? " 15 

in bars " 1 80 

Bread, wheat " 15 

Breastpins of glass or crystal, all kinds ** 20 



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127-vi SPANISH-AMBRICAN MANUAL. 

Rateof Datj 
per Kilogram 

breastpins of delft or porcelain, all kinds Q. W.fO 15 

" of metal not ^ded or plated.with or without false stones ** VO 

** of metal, glided or plated, with or without false stones ** 1 80 
^ " of gold, silver or platinum, i See jewelry.) 

*' zinc, all classes ** 20 

** of gntiA-percha, celluloid, whalebone, horn, bone or 

wood ** 80 

•* of jet, tortoise-shell, shell or ivory •* 180 

Bricks, fire Free 

•* not fireproof, per 1,000 1 80 

" for cleaning metal " 06 

Bridles of leather, all kinds '• 60 

" of all kinds for animals ** 20 

Brilliants. (See precious stones.) 

Bristles for shoemakers " 10 

" cloth of. all classes. " 85^ 

Brocatel, according to material. 

Brooms, heather, all classes and sizes ** 15 

Brushes of nickeled metal •* 70 

'• of gilded or plated meUl " 180 

*< of all kinds, mounted in wood " 80 

** of all kinds, mounted in bone, horn, whalebone, rubber or 

celluloid " 80 

** of all kinds, mounted in ivory, shell or tortoise-shell " 1 80 

Braids, cotton, linen or hemp : N. W. 2 60 

** cotton, with elastics, up to 4 centimeters in width ** I 60 

•* woolen ** 8 20 

" wool, with elastics, up to 4 centimeters in width •* 2 10 

" silk " 16 00 

** silk, mixed with cotton, linen or wool ** » 00 

'* silk, with cotton, wool or linen, with glass or imitation 

beads or fringes , •* 8 00 

** silk, with glass or metal beads or fringes ** 12 00 

** silk, with cotton or wool, with elastics up to 4 centimeters 

in width ." " 4 70 

'* silk, with elastics, up to 4 centimeters In width ** 7 00 

*' hair, loose, for forming chignons or other ornaments for 

the head. (See cut nai«-.) 
*' imitation hair, loose, for forming chignons or other oma- 

ments for the hair, not silk L. W. 8 00 

** Imitation hair, loose, for forming chignons or other orna- 
ments for the head made of silk ** 7 00 

Brashes of all kinds G. W. 20 

Buckles, iron or steel •* 05 

" of iron brass or bronze ** 80 

" of metal, silver plated " 180 

" of metal, nickeled ** 70 

'• of plaque ** 125 

" iron, silk covered •• 90 

" of iron or brass, leather covered ** 25 

*' of gold or Bil?er, with or without precious stones. (See 
jewelry.) 

Bungs of wood r. " 06 

Burines " 10 

Burners, iron, of all classes, for lamps ** 20 

*' of brass or copper, all classes, for lamps. ,.... ** 80 

Basts of marble or alabaster, or gypsum or stucco, of less than 

natural dimensions " 10 

of marble or alabaster, of natural size or greater dimensions " 10 



of gypsum or stucco of natural size or greater dimensions. ^, ** 10 



of gyp „ ^ 

of less than natural size « ** 15 



of Iron, of less than than natural size 

of iron, of natund size or greater dimensions 

of brass, bronze or metal composition of less than natural 
size 



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coMMBECB. 127-yil 

Rate of Duty 
per Kilogram 

Butt of 1WM8, bronze or metal composition of nmtoral Biie or 

greater dimensions Q. w.|0 lo 

'* of zinc, of less than natural size " 20 

** of zinc, of natural size or greater dimensions »» ».. *< 10 

Bncketsof iron, all kinds " 20 

" of tin, all kinds ** 20 

•• of zinc, of all kinds ^ •« lo 

" of wood, all kinds *« lo 

Bustles of cotton and silk, or wool and silk < " 8 80 

«• of cotton, linen or wool „ •• 190 

Butter « N.W. 25 

Buttonsof iron or steel of all kinds O. W. 20 

** of metal without Kildinff or plating „ " 80 

" of gilded or plated metal ** 180 

" covered, not with silk « ^ ^ « »• 80 

*• of plaque or German silver ». " 125 

" of wood « •• 80 

" of silk, or silk and wool, covered or woven " 90 

'* covered or woven with cloth that does not contain silk - ** 80 

" of paste or pressed paper " 45 

" of crystal or glass, all kinds ^. *« 20 

*• of china or porcelain, all kinds " 16 

*' of hone, horn, whalebone or gutta-percha. ^ '* 80 

" ivory, shell, tortoise shell or jet *• 170 

" of gold, silver or platinum, with or without pearls or 

precious stones. (See Jewelry.) 

" of nfckel-pUted metal *• 70 

C 

Cable wire ~ Free 

** of aloe or hemp, measuring from 8 centimeters of diameter, 

or94.2miUmeter8of circumference Free 

** of aloe, hemp or other vegetable fibers, measuring less than 8 

centimeters in diameter ..G. W. 13 

Cacholet, pieces of " 01 

Cadmia, metallic « N. W. 1 60 

Caces, according to material. 
Calfskins. (See prepared skins.) 
Cambric. (See linen textures.) 

Camphor ....L. W. 50 

Canary seed „ « G. W. 06 

Candles, stearine ** 15 

" tallow, pressed " 15 

** common, tallow « •* 15 

** of all classes, not specified " 60 

Candlesticks, glass or crystal, all classes *' 20 

*• eartheuw&re or porcelain, all classes •* 15 

" iron, all classes " 20 

" of tin, all classes ** 20 

*• of brass or ordinary metal, neither gilt or silver-plated " 80 

•• of metal, gilded, silver-plated " 180 

« of plaque -.. " 1 25 

" of pewter or white metal *• 40 

of metal, nickeled " 70 

" or night lamps, with or without frames. ** 65 

Canes, with handles not of gold or silver ** 95 

" with handles of gold and silver " 8 60 

Cantharides .T N. W. 2 00 

Cautins of tin, lined with any other material 80 

Canvas of flax or hemp T. — 8q. M. 28 

" of duck or cotton " 17 

'* for embroidering-cotton N.W. 61 

*' of linen or hemp ** W 

Capers, pickled — L. W. 25 



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127-viii 



SPANISH-AICEBICAK MANUAL. 



Capers, in brine « ......O. 

Caps, for firearms » „ 

'' silk, knitted, mixed with cotton, linen or wool N. 

" Bilk and cotton, or silk and wool, all kinds 

" Bilk knitted 

•' Bilk fabric, all classes 

** wool knitted 

" linen knitted 

" of cotton, knit 

' ' linen, knitted, for children. (See ready-made cotton clothing.) 

" for boys 

Capsicum, natural, in oil or in powder L. 

Capsules, for bottles G. 

*' medicinal „ L. 

** empty of gelatine N. 

*• explosive, with dynamite 

Caraway seed «^.. ~ 

Carob-tare. (See tare or fruit of Carob tree.) 

Carbonateof ammonia O. 

" of potash 

Card receiyers, according to material. 
Cardboard, phosphoric. (See phosphorus.) 

" of all thicknesses, beaten or unbeaten 

" of bristol or album inatei, and for making play cards.... 

*' or eartulinaf for making cards 

Carpets of hemp or tow, of plain, crossed or figured texture, square 

meter 

" with cut pile, square meter 

»* of hemp, shaggy cut ,..G. 

'* of coarse fibre, plain or crossed texture or beaten wool aq, 

meter 

•* of wool, Brussels, uncut, square meter 

•* Brussels or velvet, smooth, square meter 

'* wool, corded, square meter 

" of beaten wool, or not beaten, not trimmed or bordered 

" of beaten wool, or not beaten, bordered or trimmed, not of 

gold or silver 

•• of silk N. 

Carpenters' work-bench G. 

Carriages, weighing up to 100 kilograms N. 

** weighing more than 100 and up to 25 J kilograms 

" weighing more than 250 and up to 500 kilograms 

•* weighing more than 500 and up to 750 kilograms 

" weighing more than 750 and up to 1,000 kilograms 



lUteofDatjr 
—r Kilogram 

W.|0 M 
46 
W. 7 00 
" «00 
" 16 00 
*' 16 00 
20 
•♦ 2 00 
'• 17S 



" 3 7* 

W. 26 

W. 20 

W. 126 

W. 80 
Free 

** 10 



W. 



01 
06 



20 
48 
46 

26 
86 

07 

76 

110 

160 

90 

25 



" 8 60 
W. 16C0 
W. (tt 



W. 



weighing more than 1,000 kilograms.. 
small, for children.. 



Cars, wagons or carts G. 

•' for railroads 

Cartridges, loaded or unloaded, for firearms 

Cases of crystal with nickeled metal 

of crystal with common metal 

of crystal with gilded metal, plated or nickeled 

of metal, without gilding or plating :. 

of metal, nickel plated 

of music 

gilded or plated metal 

plaque „. 

of pewter or white metal 

of gold, silver or platinum. (See jewelry.) 

of common wood for paofcing, when they are to be used for 
the exportation of domestic products 

with chemical reactives G. 

straw or reed 

tortoise-shell, ivory or shell 

of paper or cardboard, with or without omaments,.of common 
metal 



W. 



W. 



60 
65 

% 

40 

86 

80 

06 

Free 

60 

70 

80 

180 

30 

70 

46 

180 

126 

40 



Free 
W. 8 80 
" 46 

" 180 



46 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMEBCB. 127-U 

Rate of Duty 
perKUoffram 

Cmm, etc.f with ornameoti of gilded or plated metal. •«..... O. W4 1 80 

*' etc., with nickeled metal ornaments. ** 70 

'* of all materials, coyered with cloth or skim of all kinds, with 

or without ornaments, not gold or silyer ** 1 SO 

** of all materials with ornaments or accessories of gold or platl- 

num ** 8 60 

'* fancy, with or without ornaments and trimming not gold or 

silver '* 1 10 

Cashmere of wool, according to weight of square meter. (Sea 

woolen fabricsJ 

Castors, metal, not gilded or silver plated, with or without cruets... '* 80 

•• not of silver, gilded or plated, with or without cruets •* 180 

•• of nickel-plated metal, with or without cruets ** 70 

*• plaque, with or without cruets " 1 26 

'* pewter or white metal, with or without cruets '« 40 

" wood, with or without cruets '* 80 

Castoreums L. W.' 4 00 

Castor beans Free 

Catechu. ~G. W. 10 

Caucho. (8ee articles made of gutta-percha). 

Caviar L. W. 12 

Cement, Roman Free 

Cerate, medicinal L. W. 76 

Ceresine ........Net 60 

Chains of iron, whose links have a diameter up to number 6 of the 

Birmingham measure Q. W. 10 

'* of iron, whose links have a diameter of more than number 

6 of the Birmingham measure *' 20 

(* of other metals. (See under the metal made of.) 
" iron. (See iron furniture.) 
" brass. (See brass furniture.) 
•« wooden. (See wood furniture.) 

Chalk .^..Q.W. 10 

Chamois, all kinds, (^ee skins.) 

Chandeliers of crystal with metal not gllted or plated ; " 80 

** of metal not plated or nickeled '* 80 

'* of crystal with glided or plated meUl " 130 

•* of crystal with nickeled metal " 70 

" of metal gilded or plated " 180 

" of metal, nickeled " 70 

Charts, geographical, topographical *' 01 

Checkers of ivory or shell.. " 1 80 

'• of cardboard '* 46 

of wood •* 80 

•• of bone ... " 80 

Cheese, all classes ..N. W. 15 

Chemical products, not specified L. W. 76 

Chessmen of iron «. G. W. 20 

" of wood 

•• of bone 

of ivory or shell 



Chests of iron, all kinds, weighing up to 20 kilograms.. 
■ elgl * 



80 
180 
29 
10 
20 
05 



exceeding 20 kilograms in weight 

of tin, all kinds 

Chick-peas 

Chimneys of iron, all kinds, whose weight does not exceed 20 kilo- 
grams «.. '• 20 

" of iron, all kinds, whose weight exceeds 20 kilograms 10 

Chlnts. (See cotton, printed fabrics.) 

Chips, ivory or sheU. •* 1 80 

^» pasteboard « •• 45 

•• wood " 80 

•« brass - " f? 

" bone •• » 



Digitized by VjOOQIC " 



127'Z 0PANISH-AMBBIOAN MANUAL. 

Rate of Doty 
per Kilogram 

C nimH t«»«»»«««»»»»»»»» •••••■^■••••••••••••••.(•••••••••••••••••••••MMMM***M«**«*>*«>*«****««Q* W*m) 10 

ChlornJ, hydrate L. W. 1 60 

Chlohydrate of ftininonla.t Q. w. 01 

Chlorate of potash or soda L. W. 08 

Chloride of ammonia G. W. 01 

" of gold L. W. 25 00 

" of platium N. W. 2 00 

•• of ume Free 

Chloroform „ „L. W. 1 60 

Chocolate of all kinds N. W. 65 

ChromoB of allkinds, with or without frames, not lined or covered 

with doth or wool G. W. 65 

" with frames covered with cloth or wool «• 65 

Cianlde of i>otos8inm, common L. W. 08 

Cider, in barrels. (See beer in barrels.) 
*< in bottles. (See beer in bottles.) 
Citherns. (See musical instruments.) 
Cigars. (See tobacco.) 

Clgar-^ases, tin, all classes G. \r. 20 

« of common metal, without gilding or plating ** 80 

•* of gilded or plated metal '* 180 

•• of plaque *• 1 25 

*• of pewxer or white metal *• 40 

" of wood " 80 

" of cardboard *• 45 

•* leather •• 60 

•• horn, rubber or gutta-percha " 80 

•* of straw or reed. ^„ «' 45 

•* shell, ivory or tortoise shell " 180 

" of gold or silver. (See Jewelry.) 

•* of metal, nickeled •* 70 

Cigira or cigarettes, medicinal ..L. W. 75 

** not medicinal. (See cigars made of tobacco.) 
Cigarette holders, according to material. 

Cinnamon N. W. 1 00 

Clasps of iron wire, all kinds G. W. 20 

" of brass wire, all kinds •* 80 

" of shell ,. " 1 80 

Clarinets. (See musical instruments.) 
Cloaks of rubber. (See rubber dothine.) 
" of skins. (See articles made of skins.) 

•• of woolen yam N. W. 2 20 

** woolen. (See woolen ready-made clothing.) 
Clocks for mantel or wall, which are not specified nor being of gold 

or silver G. W. 1 25 

•• for towers and public edifices Free 

** for table or wall, with wood cases G. W. 45 

Cloth, woolen, according to weight of square meter. (See woolen 
fabrics.) 

de aalud L. W. 75 

" empi&sticas, veilcantes and calmantes " 75 

Clothing, oaby, according to material made of. (See ready-made 
clothing.) 

*• of cotton ftoods, cut in pieces for dresses, not specified.....N. W. 1 70 
** ready-made, and its parts, when they come sewed, of 

cotton cloth of aU kinds and sizes, not specifled.....L. W. 2 50 
" ready-made, and its separate parts, when these come 

sewed, of linen, all kinds, not specified ..N. W. 8 00 

^ of linen goods, cut in pieces for dresses, not specified..... ** 1 90 

* ready-made, and its parts, when these come sewed, of 

woolen goods of all kinds, not specified ** 6 50 

* woolen goods, cut in pieces for dresses, of all k^nds, not 

specified ., ** 4 00 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



coMMBfiCB. 127~xi 

RateofDuty 

per Kilogram 

Ctotbiog, ready-made, and in parts, when they come sewed, of 

silk goods oi any kind, not specified N. W.|18 00 

** leady-made, and its separate par.s, when ihey cume 
sewed of silk goods mixed with cottun, linen or 

wool, of all kinds, not spvclficd„„ " 12 OC 

Clove^....^ « •' 6ft 

Coaches, according to weight, (oee carriages.) 

Coaches for roilroadf, all bystems » Free 

Coal, nil kinds " 

Coats Oi woolen textures. (?k,'e re.dy-made ciothes.) 
*« of rubber, (dee rubber in pieces lor dres&iug.) 

Cobalt, metaUie- N. W. 1 60 

Cocoa of ull kinds •• 16 

Codfish, dried or smoked L. W. 12 

Coderiuc - .' *• 15 00 

Coffee of all kinds .....N. W. 10 

*• with condensed miik L. W. 25 

•* for medicinal purposes N. W. 10 

" roasters G. W. 20 

Collars of cotton cloth, embroidered „ L. W. 2 25 

•• of cotton cloth, piaiu •• i GO 

•« of lineu cloth, not embroidered " 1 bO 

** of cotton lace, with or without silk oruamen'^s '* 6 00 

•• of linen (*ljth, embroidered " 2 5J 

•* of linen lace, with or without silk ornaments •* 9 00 

•* of woolen lace, with or without silk ortiameuts *• 8 OJ 

•• of silk, point or blonde, with or without oraumenty N. W. 10 00 

" of silk, point or blonde lace, with raixluro of cotton, wool 

or linen, with or without Pilk ornaments " 9 00 

•* of silK, point or blonde lace, with mixture of cotcon, w»h>1 

or linen, glass or false metal beads '* 8 00 

** with silk, point or blonde lace, with glass or metul beud8». ** 12 CO 
" of fur. (Bee manufactures of fur.) 
Collections, miucralogical, geological, etc., for museums and 

cabinets O. W. 01 

Collodio:), and its lormulus L. W. 1 00 

Colorn, crude or prepared - O. W. 10 

Columns, iron, up to li) kilos ^ »• 20 

♦• iron, more than 2J kilos „ '* 10 

Combs, wood " 30 

*• bamboo, ail classes " 80 

" curved combs aui flue combs, of iron, ail clossjs ** 20 

** curved combs and fine combs, of tortoise shell, siiell or 

ivory " 1 80 

" curved combs and fine combs, of horn, bone, guttapercha 

or celluloid '* 80 

Gomposi^on of silicious i and and impure) uud viscous substances, 

for dealing boilers Free 

Compasses, whh or without cases G. W. 01 

Confoitions ana sweatmca.s L. W. 1 00 

Copper mills Free 

•* pig or pieces G. W. 10 

" sheets »' 15 

** beaten in leaves, gilded or plated '* 45 

Coral, fin •, wrought or unwrought •* 8 00 

Cord 01 silk N. W. 10 00 

" with mixture of cotton, linen or wool, with glass or 

false metal ix^ads " 8 00 

•• withmixtureofcotcon, linen or wool " 9 00 

'* witJi glass or raeTal beads •• 12 CO 

Cord of hemp, covered with silk " 6 00 

** covered with silk and cotton or wool and silk......... " 2 80 

Cord of silk, with mixture of cocton or wool, with gum elastic — .. ** 4 70 

*« with gum elastic ^ " 7 00 

Cord, wool, or wool and cotton, with gum elastic .^...—^ " 2 10 

** wool, with or without glass, or false metal bead8....^..^^M. ^* S aOL 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



127-xii 8PANI0H-AKBRICAI7 HANUAL. 

RueoTDatT 
per KUognm 

Cord, cotton or h«mp, oorered with wooL.*^.^. ...„.^.^.«» ^.M. W.| 1 26 

" cotton, with gum elastic. •* 160 

" cotton, linen or hemp, with or without glass or false metal 

beads •• 2 60 

Cord, in plates or in bulk Free 

Cordage. (Bee ringing.) 

Corks, with metal trimmings, nickeled ^ Q. W. 76 

•• or stopples for bottles. •• 20 

•• with metal trimmings, gilt or plated... " ^' 



witi^ metal trimmings, not silt or plated.. 



*8 
S 



Corkscrews, according to materii 

Com JOt, yf. 

Com or millet, ears of ** 

Comets. (See musical instruments.) 

Corsets of cotton, linen or wool, of all kinds and sizes, with or 

without small ornaments of silk N. W. 1 00 

** of silk, mixture of cotton, linen or wool, of all sises " 8 80 

Cosmetics for the hair. (See perfumery. ) 

Cosmetics for billiard cues. .i}. W. 00 

Cots of iron. *^ 20 

" of brass •• So 

" of wood. " 15 

CbCnwe, a coarse, brown, linen wrapper. (See linen or. hemp 
fabrics.) 

Cotton powder. __ Free 

" Wasto a.W. 02 

** unginned •• 03 

** ginned.. •• 08 

" carded. „., •• 20 

•• wadding. •• 20 

** fabrics, unbleached or wtito, plain textures, measuring up 
to 80 threads of warp and woof, in a square of naif 

centimeter per side, square meter OO 

« goods, unbleached or white, of all kinds of plain textures, 
exceeding 80 threads to a square of half centimeter 

per side, square motor H 

** goods, printed, dyed or stamped, of all kinds, plain, not ex- 
ceeding 80 threads in a half centimeter square, square 

motor 12 

'* goods, printed, dyed or stamped, of all kinds, plain, ex- 
ceeding 80 threads in a half centimetor square, square 

meter « 16 

** goods, unbleached, white or colored, of all tissues, not 

plain, square meter.. 17 

" white or colored, open worked or embroidered, square 

meter» 20 

** goods, with embroiderv of wool, square meter 20 

** goods, with mixture of common metal, per kilo ...JT. W. 2 50 

Cloth<of cotton, linen or hemp, prepared for painters or other uses. O. W. 85 
" known as percalines, for binders. (See printed cot- 

ton goods.) 

Cotton waste ** 02 

'* for bearings of railroad cars " 02 

" of all colors N. W. 00 

Cmmtetpanes of cotton, not embroidered ~ L. W. 1 W 

" of cotton, embroidered " 2 25 

** of woolen, not embroidered ** 2 25 

*• of woolen, embroidered *« 8 60 

«• of silk, all classes .N. W. 16 00 

*.* of silk and cotton, or silk and wool, of all kinds ** 9 00 

" of cotton, quilted Q. W. 00 

" of silk and cotton , or silk and wool, or silk and linen, 

quUted «« I tfD 

C<iDp6s, aeeordlng to weight. (See carriages.) 
Cipfen of canvas, with or without iron or wooden frame, for car- 
riages or for cars. ..O. W. 20 



Digitized by VjOO^IC 



coioaBCS. IST-xiii 

Rate of Duty 

perKUofraa 

Coverleta of ■ilkand cotton or lilk ind wool, qailte<L.«wo...........^MXI.W. • 8 00 

*• of cotton, quilted •* 50 

*< or counterpanes of cotton without embroidery L. W. 1 60 

** or counterpanes with embroidery ** 2 25 

** or counterpanes of wool without embroidery ** 2 25 

•* or counterpanes ofwool with embroidery " 8 flO 

'* or counterpanes of silk, with or without garnitures N. W. 16 00 

** or counterpanes of silk and cotton or wool and silk, with 

or without garnitures. *• f OO 

Corers, oil cloth for umbrellas O. W. 80 

" felt for hats N. W. 2 20 

Crabs of iron for coach poles G. W. 20 

*• preseryod ....L. W. 25 

" In brine n^ •* 12 

Crackers, all Idnds. jQ. W. 15 

Cranef Fieo 

Cravat 

W. 160 

2 25 

'6 00 

180 

2 60 

" 9 00 

2 25 
8 60 






100 

W. 10 00 

16 00 

" too 

too 

800 

12 00 

Cream i¥. 75 

" „ 10 

Creosote ^ ^ •• 100 

Crinoline. (See cotton glossed fabrics.) 

Crockery, in pieces of all forms and sixes, with mountings or set- 
tings of metal, nickeled Q. W. 70 

** in pieces of all forms and sizes, with mountings of 

metal, gilt or plated - ** 180 

'* in pieces of all forms and sizes, with mountings or set- 
tings of metal, not gilt or plated '* 80 

** in pieces of all forms and sizes '* 80 

Ctoiws of gold or silver. (See Jewelry.) 

** of crystal or glass ...G. W. 20 

" ofordinary metal, not gilded or silver-plated *' 80 

" gUded or silver-plated „ *« 1 80 

" of wood .:. '• 80 

" of rubber or gutta-percha " 80 

•« of shell, ivory, tortoise-shell or iet *• I 80 

Crowns of artificial flowers. (See artificial flowers.) 

'* rosaries of fflass .; ^.^.......G. W. 20 

" porcelain flowers " 15 

*' of metal, not gilded or silver-plated «.. *' 80 

" of metal, gilded or silver-plated *• 180 

** funeral, of natural flowers *• ^^45 

Craclbles Aree 

Crutches, according to the materials made of. 
Crystal, plain. (See plain glass.) 

*' manufactured in pieces, with mountings or settlngi of 

ordinary metal .^JGt, W« 80 

" manufactured in pieces, with mountings or settings of 

gilt or silver-plated metals " 1 M 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



127-XiV BPAIOSU-AMBBIOAN KAMOAU 

RateoTDutjr 
perKUofcaa 

Ciyital, manofactured in plecef , with znoontliigB or Mtttngi of 

Dickd-platcd metal .^ «O.W. I 70 

" wronght iu pieces, of all forms «^.«. „.. •« 

" cut imitating precious stones ^.„.... « •• 

'• for cliandclicrs, without metal «. ** 

Cnheblne. (Se? alkaloids.) 

Cuffif, t^ilk, point ]ace or blonde, with or without trimmings »..^. W. 

•• cotton, plain «L, W, 

" cotton, embroidered ^ ** 

" cotton, poiut or lace, v/ith or without trimmings ^ ** 

•• fur. (Scoinonuracturesof fur.) 

•• linen, plain „.,^ ** 

«• line 1, embroidered ^ ** 

•* linen, point or lace wilh oi*without trimmings « ** 

" wool knit, v.-risllcts " 

•* pointer wool lac e, with or witliout Irlmmin^s »« 

. •* of poiut laco cr blonde, cf silk and cotton, or 1 inen and silk, 

or wool Gild Bilk, wilh cr without Iriminintrs „ «* 

" point laeu or blonde, of silkaud cotton, Hi 'k and linen orsilk 

aj(l wool, with or v/iilaout bui?lcs cf Rlass or false metal * 
•* of point lace or blouUe, of siik, with bugles of glass or metal. ** 

Cumin seed O. W. 

Curry combs, iron, of all kinds " 

Cuppinpf glasses " 

Curtains of cotton muslin, plain, embroidered or open work, squaro 

meter 

" of cotton lace, all kinds L. W. 

" of linen laco *» 

*• of woolen lace •• 

" of filk Ijco N. W. 

*• transprrcnt, painted in oil or water color O. W. 

" of woolen and silk or cotton and silk lace N. W. 

'* of woolen goods, embroidered L. W. 

" of woolen goods, not embroidered ** 

*' cord of wool, with cr v/lihout glass beads ....N. W. 

Cushions, not containing i ilk G. W. 

*• of Eilkcr cloth containing silk •• 

Cymbals, a musical instrument. (See musical instruments. ) 



Damask, woolen, according to weight of one square meter. (See 
wcolen rroods.) 

Bcmijohr.s, all sizes -^ „. «* 08 

Dolphiue. (3e3 nlkaloids.) 
Dentrifjccp. (tiej perfumery.) 

Desirous cf models of machinery, monuments and ships ** oi 

De::trino N.W. 10 

Diamonds (precious stv^ucj) Free 

" mounted, for cuuingftlass G. W. 10 

Dice, pasteboard *' 46 

•* ivory or shell ** 183 

" wood ** 83 

*• brass ** 80 

** iron " 05 

Dice, bone ** 83 

DlWlinc L. W. 15 00 

Diligences N.W. 10 

Documcuts, printed G. W. 05 

Dominoes, according to materjal com^'Osed of. 

Doors, wooden *' 80 

Drawers of cotton cloth N. W. 1 £0 

*• ot" cotton net " 1 7d 

" linen net " 2 00 

" linen " 2 43 

•« of flanneL - ** 2 10 



20 


180 


20 


16 00 


160 


2 £5 


600 


183 


250 


900 


2 20 


800 


903 


8 03 


12 CO 


05 


20 


23 


20 


600 


900 


800 


IGOO 


85 


9 CO 


8(0 


225 


8 23 


60 


320 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OQMMBBOB* llS7-Zy 

Bait «f Doty 
ferKikgrui 

- of iUkkiilttiiiflZL " 'woo 

•* of Bilk and cotton, or of silk and woolen knitting..... . <* 7 00 

ItaiM patterns of cotton doth, with or withont ornaments of cotton ** 1 20 
** of linen, with or withontomamenta of same materiaL.......... " 160 

** of woolen goods, with or without ornaments of the same 

matenfOs and silk ribbons «« 2 60 

" of woolen goods, with fringes and embroideries of silk, and 
with or withomt ornaments of silk, or silk and cotton, 

or silk and wool " 8 80 

** of silk goods, with and withomt ornaments of all materials... '* 16 00 
" of silk with mixtures of cotton, linen or wool, with or with- 
out embroideries or ornaments of the same materiaL... " 00 
Drill, cotton. (See cotton goods, j 
Drill, linen. (See linen goods.) 

Drop-glasses, of slass or crystal, withomt metal trimmings.. O. W. 20 

Drugs, medicinal, not specified « » ..JU W. 7ft 

Dynamite « «.«.,.... Free 



Earth of Tripoli. Free 

Ear-rings of crystal or glass ** 20 

" of porcelain " 15 

** of common metal, without gilding or plating, with or 

without mock stones ** 30 

•* of metal, gilded or plated, with or without mock stones... *• 1 30 

•• of wood " 30 

" of let, tortoise-shell, shell or ivory *• IW 

** of bone, horn, whalebone, gutta-percha or celluloid " 80 

** of gold or platinum, with or without i>earls or precious 

stones. (See jewelry of gold.) 
«• of silver or silver and gold, with or without pearls or 

precious stones. (See iewelry of silver.) , 

Edgings of lace, according to material. (See fringe.) 

Sxgs, fresh, hen and fish ^ 

Uastlcs, «p to 4 centimeters in width. (See braid with gum elastic.) 

** of cotton and rubber, of more than 4 centimeters in width,0. W. 60 
** of linen or hemp and rubber, of more than 4 centimeters 

in width : " 70 

** of wool and rubber, of more than 4 centimeters in width. ** 80 
•* of silk, cotton or rubber, with buttons and ring of com- 
mon metal •* 1 10 

•* of silk and rubber, or of silk and rubber with cotton, linen 

or hemp, of more than 4 centimeters wide " 1 10 

Elaterine L.W. 15 00 

Elixers for the toilet. (See perfumery.) 

*• for medicinal use " 100 

Emeralds. (See precious stones.) 

Emery, in powder or grain Free 

Engravings on paper, with or without frames, not covered with 

cloth or leather G. W. 66 

" on paper, with frames, covered with cloth or leather... ** 1 80 

Engines, steam Free 

Envelopes, papcFr linen-lined, for letters *• 45 

Enamel, in sheets or loose " 96 

Essences for the toilet. (See perfumery.) 

*• of sarsaparlUa. L. W. 30 

Ether of all substances " 20 

Extract of all substances for medicinal use " 8 00 

" of Campeche dyewood O. W. 05 

" of beef L. W. 26 

" of coflTee. " 25 

Extracts, aromatic, for the toilet. (See perfumery.) 

Bxploiives for giant powder Freo 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



< 127t<Vi BPANISH-AMBBIGAK MANUAL. 

RtteoTDaljr 
perKUogcm 

^Bygghmiei mouDted in gold. (See Jewelry of gidd.) 

«< mounted in silyer. (See Jewelry of silyer.) 
"^ Xyelet maolilnes, according to material compoied of. 

•^Syelett of white or yellow metal, all claaeed.....^...,. m.,m^.,**JM9k ^ 80 

** iron, of all classes..........-......................^.. •^..^^^,.„^.» *< 90 

If 

l^brie of linen, hemp, tow of the same hemp or yerbilla, white, 
unbleached or colored, plain tissue, having no more 
than 12 threads of warp ahd woof in a half centimeter 

square, square meter. 18 

*' of linen, hemp, tow of the same hemp or yerbilla, white, 
unbleached or colored, plain tissue, with more than 

12 threads, square meter > 19 

**- of flax or hemp, unbleached, white or colored, of all kinda 

of tissue, except the plain, square meter *? 22 

*' of flax or hemp, unbleacbed, white or colored of all kinda 
of tissues, open worked or embroidered, square 

meter 85 

** whose web and woof be of cotton, liuen or wool, having 
besides mixtures of silk in any form, even though 
containing a small mixture of common metal, square 

meter !?. N. W, 8 60 

' of cotton, linen or wool, when the web or woof be only of 

silk, square meter „.. ..«...„, " 5 00 

*' of silk mixed with cotton, linen or wool, square meter.... ** 7 50 
** of silk and cotton, or silk and wool, mixed with common 

metal, square meter. " 5 00 

** of silk, wih common metal, square meter *' 5 00 

*< of silk and cotton, or silk and wool, with mixture of fine 

metal, square meter. •* 10 00 

** of sOk, with mixture of fine metal, square meter *< 16 00 

fMoinators or nubias of cotton, knit » » ** 1 75 

" of linen, knit " S^OO 

•• of woolen, knit " %20 

" with lace and ornaments. (See corresponding frao* 

tions.) 
** of cbtton clothe ^ee cotton ready-made clothing.) 

f^ Vans, common, of straw, pasteboard or cloth, without ribs G. W. 20 

** common, with ribs of wood, horn or bone ** 95 

** with ribs of ivory, shell or tortoise-shell, with or without 

ornament *' 2 50 

Saucets, iron « " 20 

*' copper, brass or bronze " 80 

" metal, gilt or silver-plated ** 1 80 

" nickel-plated «♦ 70 

'« sine " 20 

" plaque «* 126 

" pewter or white metal •* 40 

•• of wood " 80 

'*" Fistoles of glass or crystal, all kinds «* 20 

«« of porcelain " 15 

*' of metal, without gilding or plating, with or without com- 
mon stones '* 80 

•* of metal, gilt or plated, with or without common stones.... " 1 80 

" of Jet " 1 80 

Fish, fresh, preserved on ice Free 

" canned KW. 26 

" dried, smoked, salted, pickeled or soused '* 12 

•' in oil ** 15 

' Fish-hooks of all kinds and sizes O. W. 20 

'^ Flags of nnrble, worked on one face, more than 40 centimeters 

square « " 20 

'* of marble of all sixes worked on both faces " 20 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OOMMBBOB. 127-Z?il 

RatooCDvlr 

fliiB,ofi1alMHfrr, worked on one face onlj, of moio tluui40oeiitl- 

m«ton MiMre ^ ^...^^ .^^......^.... ..O^W. 1 SO 

** of ilato, wo^ed on both facei.....^ ».^.^..»..».».....^.. *< 90 

** of ■libMter, «U lUet, worked on boUi feoee^ ». . •* 90 

** of stone, of «U cUieet and dimeniioni, for floon ** OL 

** of marble, worked on om» feee only, np to 40 oentimeten 

square, for floors « ^.. ** 01 

'* of alabaster, worked on one face only, np to 40 oenttmeters 

sqnare, lor floon « ^.^^. " 01 

*< of slate, worked on one face only » »....^^. ** 01 

- Flagolets. (See moslcal instmments.) 

nannel, woolen, accordiiur to olasa and weli^t, of one sqnaco 
meter. (See woolen fabrics.) 

Flasks of earth « „ „ «• 15 

•* crystal or glass •* 90 

*• crockery or Doroelain " 1ft 

" of metal or glass, covered with leather, reed or gntta-pereha ** 90 

Flax, erode or matted *• 4W 

Fleams, instrument for bleeding cattle, according to materiaL 

' Flints and chips of flint.. — ^ •« 05 

Flock-wooL ^ - " 02 

Fkmr, wheat N.-W 11 

•• of other ^ains. „ O. W. 01 

** mixedor nourishing, of all other substances N.W. 10 

Flowers, medicinaL «« « Q. W. 20 

*' artificial, not silk, metel, poioelain or crystel L. W. S 00 

«* artiflcial,ofsilkorsilkmIxedwith any other mateiiaL... *' 7 00 
Flutes. (See musical instruments. ) 
Flutings of eotton muslin, with or without ootton lace and small 

silk trimmings " 4 «) 

" of woolmusUn " & 50 

Fluting, woolen, with and without glass and false metal beads ** S 20 

^^^ of silk ..N. W. 1« 00 

** of silk and eotton, or silk and wool, or silk, cotton and 

wool ** » 00 

" of silk and cotton, or silk and wool, with glass or false 

metal beads. " 8 00 

*< of silk, with glass or metal beads *' U 00 

•Fodder... «.. Free 

Foils for fencing, with oinnmon hUt, not gilded or silver-plated, 

with or without scabbard or ferrules a« W. 25 

" with hilt, scabbard or ferrules gilded or plated " 100 

•• wither without hilts. .^T. *• 50 

Forges Free 

Forms, blank of aU kinds " 65 

•• of iron, aU classes " 20 

'• of brass •* ^ 30 

•• of pUted or gilded metaL ; " 180 

*• of white metal or pewter " j^ 

•• of plaque •* 1 25 

*• with wooden handles " 80 

*• with handles of shell or ivory " 180 

'* with handles of horn, bone, whalebone or gutta-percha...... " 80 

" with handles of gold or silver. (See Jewelry.) 70 

*' Nickeledmetal " 70 

Feathers and dowu for pillows, mattresses and cushions... ** 60 

Feather dusters '* 82 

Felloes, of wood, for carriages ** 06 

Feathers, for omameuts, not silk L. W. 8 00 

Feathers, for ontu men ts, of silk ** 700 

Fecula of all materials N. W. 10 

Ferrules for csncs. according to the material composed of. 

for billinrd cues O. W. 50 

" of metal for tailors and shoemakers, of all kinds '* 80 

Felts of woolen iu pieces, when the square meter weight, 850 

grammes and upward ~.N. W. 25 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



127-ZViu BPAinSH-AMBBICAN MAITUAL. 

Ititicf Da^ 



Felts of wool in round pieces for machinery.^ , »..»..^.^..,^^« ^..^.^^N.W. | M 

•♦ for hat frames " 2 20 

•* of tarred woolen for machinery « " 10 

'♦ of cow hair for lining boilers « •• 10 

'* woolen, according to class and weight of square meter. (See 
woolen goods.) 

Fichu, worsted •♦ 2 20 

'* woolen embroidered with silk ».... " 550 

'* with or without wool ornaments '* 860 

" of Bilk „. " M 00 

'* silk and cotton or silk and wool, with or without silk 

embroidery " 900 

'* silk and cotton or silk and wool, with glass or false metal 

beads " 8 00 

" silk, with glass or metal band ** 12 00 

Flgles. (Bee musical instruments.) 

Figures or forms of wax for sideboards or dressers ...G. W. 60 

liles (tools) «• 10 

Filings of small pieces of iron ^ •* 01 

Firecrackers or fireworks ** 68 

Fire, English, a sort of flreworlts L. W. 75 

•» clay « " Free 

Fountain^ iron, marble or stone G. W. 10 

Frames for umbrellas, shades or parasol " 65 

'* wood, gilt or not gilt ** 45 

'* cardboard or wood, covered with cloth or any kind of skins, 
of all classes with or without adornments not gold or 

silver. „ " 1 80 

•• of cotton canvas for ladies* hats •* 25 

Frlngesof cotton or linen N. W. 260 

** woolen, with or without glass or false metal beads " 820 

•• of silk " 1600 

« of silk, mixed with cotton, linen or wooL «. " 9 00 

*' of silk and cotton or wool and silk, or silk and linen, with 

glass or metal beads, except gold and silver ** 8 00 

•* of silk with glass or metal beads *' 12 00 

Front part of a four-wheeled carriage G. W. 60 

Fruits in vinegar L. W. 25 

•• dried ; N.W. 10 

•' in syrup L. W. 60 

" in their juice '• 60 

*' in brandy, wine or liquor *• 60 

" medicinal G. W. 20 

'• fresh •* 01 

'* in brine «* 06 

Funnels of crystal or glass •* 20 

** of tin " 20 

'• of gutta-i)ereha " 90 

Fur goods N. W. 2 20 

Furniture, iron, all kinds, with or without marble slabs or mirrors. G. W. 20 
'* brass, all classes, with or without marble slabs or mirrors " 80 
" wood, ordinary willow, twisted wood, painted or var- 
nished, with or without marble or mirrors •* 15 

** fine, wood, veneered or solid, covered with leather or 
cloth containing no silk, with or without marble 

or mirrors " 25 

" inlaid with shell, tortoise-shell, ivory or metal, covered 
with silk or cloth containing silk, with or without 

marble or mirrors " 85 

'* ordinarv, with common cloth " 15 

fVMCffuu. (See colors in powder or ready mixed). 

Fuse for mines Free 

G 

Galloon, cotton, with or without beads or false metal N. W. 2 60 

" linen, with or without beads or false metal " 2 60 

" cotton and wool, with cotton and silk " 8 20 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



coMMSBCi. 127-xix 

Rata of Doty 
perKUopaa 

Qallooiu WDoLwttliorwlUuwitl)— diorfiliemdtal ..^.^^.^jr.W* ♦ 8 20 

•• of£]L.....»^ . •• 16 00 

** of lilk, mixed with cotton, linen or wo(d *< 9 00 

** silk And cotton, or fHk and wool, or lilk «nd linen, with 

claM or nlae mettl beftdi. ^ " 8 00 

*« ol lillwitliji^aM or false metal beads ^ „.. «< 12 00 

*« plated metaTnp to 15 centimeters in width. *' 2 00 

** yellow metal, not plated, np to 15 centimeters in width.... ** 1 U^ 

«* gold plated, pore or bonnd....^.......... *' 15 

«• silTer.pareorbonnd , •« IS 

, snch as lotterj, chess, dominos, checkers and others, with 
or without the boards, according to the materials composed of 

Garnets (precions stones) Free 

Oarteis and Snspenden of cotton, with or without trimmings L. W. 66 

** hemp or linen, with or without trimmings and adornments '* 90 

'* wool, with or without trimmings and adornments ** 180 

•• silk, aU classes.. N. W. 16 00 

** silk, mixed with cotton, linen or wool, all clssses *< 9 00 

Qtioline ^ ^..« •* 10 

Qansei, according to material. 
Qin, glass or wooden jars. (See rum.) 
Ginger ale, bottled. (See bottled ale.) 
Glass holders. (See bottle holders^ 

** plate, quicksilvered or plated for mirron. (See looking glasses.) 

" fluted. ., .«..« ,«..... ..........G. W. 25 

•• in sheets ^ " 26 

G la s ses , prepared fo'r photography " 26 

** for eye-glasses and watches '* 46 

Glass, worked in pieces of all clssses and siies, without trimmings. 
(See crystaL) 

Gloss for shoes and harness G, W 20 

GloYes of cotton or line, not lined» , N. W. 8 70 

" of cotton or line, lined " 1 90 

•• woolen, without lining *• 4 60 

" lined.. - 2 00 

•• silk « " 16 00 

•• fencing, each «. ....« «... •• 80 

'* skin, with or without embroidery, and not lined L. W. 4 60 

'* skin, with or without embtoidery, and lined *' 2 76 

Qlove-stretcner of wood G. W. 80 

of cutta-percha. " 80 

" of lYory " 1 80 

Glycerine, perfumed. (See perfumery.) 

" without perfume Free 

Go-carts, for children to learn to walk. (See elastics.) 

Gold, beaten, in leaves , L. W. 16 00 

*' jewelry, or objects of all kinds, with pearls and precious 

stones, nectogram N, W. 6 00 

" jewelry, or objects of all kinds, without pearls or precious 

stones, nectogram " 4 00 

,. " in mass or powdered Free 

«• legal money - " 

," ffoJadorfaUo G.W. 45 

Granules, medicinal L. W. 65 

Gridirons, iron, all classes « G. W. 20 

Gridiron, of brass, copper, or ordinary metal, not plated or gilt '< 80 

Guns, repeating and oreech-loading « " 1 26 

'* not repeating or breech-ioadtng *' 82 

** air.....d.»!rr. .TT. *• 70 

Gum arable, lac, tragacanth '* 10 

" not specified " 20 

Gumlacin B f 

CKitta-percha (manufactured) " 80 

Glue, lip! -.^ •• 80 

•' for carpenters' use " 10 

Grindstones •• 04 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



127-XX 8PANI6H-AMEBICAN MANUAL. 

IUIe«rDiilf 



GimWacoonUiig to material. (See fringes.) 

Garlic, fresh ^ „. O. W.| OS 

Globes for electric lights, with orwlthoutnon-condactors, provided 

these are attached to the globes ^ Free 

Grenetine „ ^ •* 10 

Greases, animal, BOt specified ** 07 

*• for machines or canriagea.... ^ '• 07 

Gnm-resln ?. " 20 

Gelatine, nourish L. W. 2& 

*' for industrial purposes ^ G. W. 10 

Gutters of Iron Free 

Gauges G.W. 10 

Graphite. ...L.W. OS 

Guards'for candlesticks G. W. SO 

Grenades, hand, with liquid for extinguishing fires Free 



Hackles of iron, not applicable to agricultural Implements. G. W. 20 ' 

Hair Goods, not silk, for head 10 00 

Hair-nets of cotton ^ N. W. 8 20 

" of silk „ •* 16 00 

*• of silk and cotton " 9 00- 

'* of fdlk and cotton, with beads of glass or common metal *' 8 00 

of silk, with beads or glass •• 12 00 

** of silk, cotton and rubber or Bilk and rubber *' 4 40 

•• of human hair •• lOOO* 

Hair ffoods silk, for the head " 16 00 

" beaver •* 8 00^' 

•* human, manufactured or not " 10 00 

•* vicuna, rabbit hair or other like " 160- 

HkodkeiKihlefB, linen, open worked embroidered, or with trim« 

mings of linen lace, each 40 

** cotton embroidered or with trimmings of cotton 

lace, each IS 

** linen, not embroidered, aecording to class of web. (See 

linen fabrics.) 
"' wool, of all clasb of webs, with trimmings, square or 
embroideries of silk, and with or without fringe 

of any material N. W« 6 60^ 

*' silk, with mixture of cotton or wool, of all classes *' 6 60 

" silk, all classes •' 9 00 

*• cotton, without embroidery, according to class of web. 

(Bee cotton fabrics.) 
*' of silk and cotton. (See handkerchiefs of silk and cotton.) 
** silk. (Silk handkerchiefs.) 

Hand saws G.W. JO 

Handles of iron ** 20 

«• of brass ** 90 

" wooden, for tools ** 10 

'* for canes, according to material. 

Hangings, crystal, without metal, for lamps •* 20 

•' crystal, with metal, for lamps " 30 

Hammers " 10 * 

•• sledge, of iron " 0* 

Hammocks netted, canvas, cord or jute. (See cordage.) 

Hams, smoked or salted N. W. 25 

Harmonicas of all kinds. (See musical instruments. ) 

Harness for carriages G. W. 1 60 

Hat linings of any material for inside of hats <* 2 OO 

Hats of all classes not specified, with trimmings and with or with- 

out adornments, of whatever material, each 1 00 

Hat boxes, leather G. W. 60 

•* boxes, pasteboard *' 46 

Hats of feather grass bark, with or without trimmings, for 

children, each 20 

" unfinished and without trimmings, each 60 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CO MM B B O B . 187*ZXl - 

RateoTDaljr 
pwKilQKim 

Hat boxes, wooden ^ ». „ G. W. | 80 

H^ar... « «. i^ree 

Hftsel-xiiitfl N. W. 10 ' 

Hocbg. medicinal G. W. 20 

Heartna. iron, of all kinds, weighing more than 20 kilos ~ ** 10 

** of iron of all kinds, weighing np to 20 kilos ** 20 

He^, shoe, leather or covered with leather •♦ «0 " 

•• shoe, wooden " 80 • 

Hemp in the crude state N. W, 07 

Hides, not tanned '* 10 

" tanned and varnished •* 165 

Hilts for swordi of nickeled metal G. W. 70 

*• for sword, of metal, silver-plated or gilt " 180'\ 

" for sword, of ordinary metal, neither gilt nor silver-plated... ** 80* 

" for sword, iron and steel ** 2b* 

Hinges of iron, all kinds *• 20 

'* of brass, all kinds •• 80 

Homoeopathic globules or pellets L. W. 85 

Hooks, iron, allkinds „ G. W; 20 

" brass, all kinds " 80 

'• iron, for coach poles «• 20 

•• of rubber " 80 

Hoops of iron with rivets, for making packages TVoe 

•* of wood, for barrels ^ ** 

Hematoziline. (See alkaloids.) 

Hones, whetstone, for sharpening edge-tools ** 05 

Horns, deer, scraped L. W. 88 

Ho^ „ Free 

Hoirses, not altered *» 

" altered reach) 40 00 

Hhrseshoes, iron G. W. 20 

Hotises, complete, of wood and iron, portable Vtt9f*^ 

Hyposulphite of soda ** 

Hydroterapic baths of all kinds *' 20 

Hubs, wood, for carriages " 05^ 

X 

Indigo, all classes « 1 M 

Injection, any substances and author L. If. oO 

Ice G.W. 01 

Ivory billiard balls *• 4 00 

" in hulk or sheets " 20 

" mannfactures of ^ " 180 

Iron, manufactures of, of all kinds, not specified, weighing up to 

20 kilos .r. " 20 

" manufactures of, of all kinds, not specified, weighing more 

than 20 kilos " 10 

" made Into rails for railroad « Free 

" pig " 01 

'• in bulk : " 05 

•♦ cornigated or in tiles for roofing " 04 

♦' in sheets, beaten, cast and wrought " 10 

Instruments for mechanics. (See tools for mechanics. 

" musical, all kinds and form '* 45' 

" scientific „ " 01 

Ink, printing « Free 

" writing, in ordinary packages N. W. 25 

" indelible, for marking clothes .'. L. W. 75 

Inkstands, according to material. 

Iodine of all substances G. W. 2 00 

•• of potassium " 100 

*' pure •' 1 60 

lodoforme *' 8 00 

Iron in sheets, for the construction of pianos ** 20,^ 

•* flat, for laundresses, tailors or hatters ** 10** 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



127-ZZii SPANISH-AMSBICAN MANUi^L. 

lUteaTDtttF 
perlCtt«gna 

Jackets, BleereleM, of rubber, lined with any material ^ 1 1 10 

<* morning, according to material (See ready-made clothing.) 

«* knitted of cotton 1 10 

•* knitted of wool N. W. 1 40 

Jacks, iron 10 

Jars, alabaster, marble or plaster G. W. 20 

« plaster 01 Paris or earthen ~ ** 15 

" glass or crystal '• 20 

*' crockery or porcelain « *' 15 

" leather '* 60 

Jet manufactured Into articles " 1 30 

Jellies, medicinal « L.W. 20 

Jewelry, gold or platinum, with pearls or precious stones, hec- 
togram N. W. 5 00 

<( gold or platinum, without pearls or precious stones hec- 
togram *• 4 00 

** silver or silver and gold, with pearls and precious stones, 

hectogram ** 8 50 

'* silver or silver and gold, without pearls or precious 

stones, hectogram ...^ •• 2 60 

^ sets of glass on crystal with common metal " 1 20 

'* sets of crockery or porcelain with common metal * * 1 80 

** sets of common metal without gilding or silver-plating, 

with or without mock stones or pearls ** 1 80 

" of gilded or plated metal with or without mock btones or 

pearls " 180 

" ofwood •* 80 

** of bone, horn, whalebone, gutta-percha or celluloid *' 80 

•* of jet, tortoise-shell, shells or ivory " 180 

Juice of aloe tree L. W. 80 



Keys, for watches, acoordins to material composed of. 

'* iron, loose, for plates, locks or padlocks and for coaches ^Q, W« 10 

•• copper, brass or bronze, loose, for plates, locks or padlocks... " 80 

«* iron, for barrels and other uses ^ *• 20 

** brass or copper, for coaches " 80 

« metal, gilt or plated, for barrels or other uses '* 180 

** metal, nickeled, for barrels or other uses " 70 

*' zinc, for barrels or other uses *• 20 

" pewter or white metal, for coaches ** 125 

Key-rings, iron or steel " 20 

Keys, pewter or white metal, for barrels or other uses ** 40 

** brass, copper or bronze, for barrels or other uses. '* 80 

Key-holes of iron or steel ** 20 

of brass " 80 

plated or gilded metal •• 130 

nickled-plated metal " 70 

wood " 10 

bone or gutta-percha ** 80 

ivory or shell ** 1 80 

Kirsch, according to jiacking. (See rum.) 

Knives and forks of iron " 20 

** with gilded or silver-plated metal handles *< | 80 

" with wood handles " 80 

" with shell or ivory handles " 130 

** with horn, bone, whalebone or gutta-percha handles ** 80 

«* with nickeled plate handles «« 70 

«» or pen knives, with iron handles •• 80 

** or pen knives with ordinary metal handles ** 80 

*• with metal handles gilt or plated •« 180 

*'. metal, nickeled •* 70 

Knobs of brass, with or without screws •• 80 

*• of wood, with or without screws ., " 80 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMM£RC£. 127'xziii 



Rate of Duty 
per Kilot^ram 



Knobs, of plaqae, with or without screws G.W. | 1 25 

" of iron, with or without screws ** 20 

" of crockery or pforcelain, without screws " 16 

" of met-al, plated or gilt ** 180 

" of glass or crystal, without screw* " 20 

*• of glass, crystal, crockery or porcelain, with screws " 20 

•• of metal, nickeled " 70 

Knit goods, cotton, not specified N. W. 1 75 

*' goods, linen, not specified ♦• 2 00 

" goods, wool, not specified " 2 20 

" goods, silk, not specified " 16 00. 

*' goods, of sUk and cotton, or silk and wool, or silk and linen, 

not specified *• 7 00 

I* 
Lac. (See colors in powder or prepared. ) 

Lace, woolens L. W. 8 00 

" cotton •♦ 6 00 

" linen •♦ 9 00 

" Bilk N. W*16 00 

" silk and cotton, or silk and linen or silk and wool *< 9 00 

** silk and cotton, or silk and linen or silk and wool, with beads 

of glass or common metal •' 8 00 

** of silk with glass or metal beads '» 12 00 

*' blonde, of silk " 16 00 

" of silk and cotton, or silk and wool »* 9 00 

'* of bilk and cotton, or of silk, wool and cotton, with bugles 

of false metal " 8 00 

" of silk with false metal bugles " 12 00 

Lamps, crystal or glass, without metal G. W. 20 

" crockery or porcelain, without metal •* 15 

" crystal, glass or porcelain, with metal, not gilded or plated " 80 

*• of metal only, not gilded or plated •« 80 

*< of crystal, glass, crockery or porcelain, with gilt or plated 

metaL '* 1 80 

" of crystal, glass, crockery or porcelain, with nickeled metal " -70 

*' of mecal, gilt or plated ** 180 

•* of metjal, nickeled •• 70 

Landaus, according to weight (See carriages.) 

Lanterns, all classes , , G. W. 80 

" glass, for light-houses ^ •' 20 

Lard N. W. 20 

*• cocoa L. W. 76 

Latches, according to material composed of. 

Layender «. Q, W. 06 

Lawns, cotton , white or colored. (See cotton goods.) 

Lead pencils, points for ** 65 

" crude, pig or in sheets, or granulated for assaying ** 06 

Leather, morocco. (See calf skins.) 

'• for billiard cues « 50 

Leayes of medicinal plants G. W. 20 

•• artificial, for flowers *« J 70 

Leggings, for fencing, each :.« " 80 

Lenses, ordinary magnifying, of class. Nos. 1, 2 and 8 ** 80 

'• not mounted in gold or silyer •« 125 

Letters, cast, for printing Free 

Lime, hydraulic / " 

** common •. «.. «* 

Ltaen, waste, hemp or tow N. W. 14 

** fabrics of, hemp or tow, of all colors, plain, haying 12 
threads of warp and woof, in a half-centimetre 

square „ sq. metre It 

** fabrics of, hemp or tow, of all colors, plain, haying 

upwards of 12 threads - " If 

** fabrics of, linen or hemp, of all classes and colon, 

not plain tissue ~..... " 21 

** fabrics of , linen open worked or embroidered ** $$ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



127-XXiV SPANI8H-AMEKJCAN MANUAL. 

Rate of Duty 
per Kilogimm 

Linings of cotton, sewed or in patterns, for umbrellas or parasol8....L. W.| 1 <K> 

•* of anv material, for hats : N. W. 2 00 

" of silk, sewed or cut, for umbrellas, shades or parasols *' 16 00 

" of silk, mixed with cotton, wool or linen, for umbrellas, 

shades or parasols •' 5 ISO 

** woolen, sewed and in patterns, for umbrellas, shades or 

parasols L. W. 2 25 

'* of linen, sewed or unsewed, for umbrellas and paiasols.... '' 180 

Links, iron or steel G. W. 20 

Liniments of all substances - L. W. 75 

Liquid, amber „ N. W. 45 

Liquor stands, according to material composed of. 

Liquors in vessels of glass or wood " 25 

Litharge * 15 

lithographs, with frames covered with cloth or fur G. W. I 30 

" with or without frames that are not covered with 

cloth or fur " 65 

Lobsters, pickled L. W. 25 

'• canned " 12 

Locks of iron or steel, all kinds G. W. 20 

" of brass, copper or bronze, all kinds " 80 

Locomotives Free 

Lironesot iron ** 10 

Labels • 65 

Leggings, of other materials, except leather. (See ready-made 
clothing.) 

of leather " 60 

Lycopodiom L. W. 88 

Lentils.. „ G,W. 06^ 

Lye, concentrated F»e 

Laudanum » p.. ^ L. W. 75 



Macaroni. (See nutritious paste.) 

Machetes, ordinary, without scabbard, for agriculture Free 

Machines, sewing „ G. W. 05 

" agricultural, industrial, mining and art, except those 

specified Pre# < 

Madapolan, cotton. (See cotton fabrics.) 

Magnesia, calcined ., L. W. 15' 

Magnesium, in wire or strips ^ N. W. 1 50 

Maizena. (See fccula.) 

Mallets, iron « 25 

MalUne L. W. 75 

Manikins, according to the dominant material. 

Manna •• 75 

Mantillas, silk lace N. W. 16 00 

Manufactures of iron, steel or tin of all kinds, not specified G. W. 20 

< of iron or steel, not specified whose weight exceeds 

20 kilograms ** 10 

*' of brass, copper or bronze, all classes, not specified... ** 80 

" of nickel-plated metaL „ " 70. 

'* of brass, copper, bronze or any other common metal, 

gilded or plated - " 180 

** of zinc, all classes, not specified '* 20 - 

*' of plaque ** 1 26 

**'" of pewter or white metal *• . • 4lLi 

•* . of tin. not specified •. " 20 

•• of wood, not specified „ " 80 

" of paper or cardboard.. " 45 

" of leather, not specified •* 60 

> ** of bone, horn, whalebone, gutta-percha or celluloid " 80 

** of straw or reed, not specified **- 45 

'* ol amber, jet, agate» tortoiaenihell, ivory or shelL '* 1 80 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMSBGJB. 127(-zxy 

RateofDutjr 
per KUogram 

HanQlactmei ol reed, paper, cardboard or any other aoalogcms 
material with cloth or skin of all kinds, and 
with or without ornaments of metal not sliver, 

Sold or platinum G. W.| 1 80 
Inds of material, with ornaments or acces- 
sories of gold or platinum.^ ^ ** 8 60 

" for artificial flowers, not specified «« 170 

" of alabaster, marble or stucco, not si>ecified - ** 20 

" of gypsum or clay, not specified «« 16 

li«P» " (tt 

Marble manufactured, with mountings of metal, gilt or plated " i 80 

'• in flags, of all dimensions, worked on both faces. " 20 

" manufactured, without mountings or settings, of any 

material .... ....i •« 20 

«• manufactured, with mountings or settings of metal, not 

plated or gilt «* ao 

" dust " 01 

*' in bulk or slabs, for floors, worked on one face, up to 4C 

centimeters square " oi 

" in slabs, worked on one face, more than 40 centimeters 

square " 20 

*' manufactured, with mountings or settings of metal, nickeled ** 70 
MUrrasquino. (See liquOTS.) 

Masks of wire, each 45 

•' fc* fencing, each 45 

" all kinds, not specified, each « „ 25 

Mastic or putty " lo 

Masts for snips ppee 

Matches of wood or any other material ** 1 25 

Match -bdxes of metal, not gilt or silver-plated. ** 8fr 

** boxes of tin. Japanned or enameled '* 20 

*• boxes, metal, gilded or silver-plated " i so 

** boxes of pewter or white metal '• 40 

" boxes of plaque or German silver ** 1 26 

" boxes of wood „ «» so 

" boxes of cardboard " 45 

" boxes of leather ^ " 60 

** boxes of horn,' rubber or gutta-percha « " 80 

■ " boxes of gold or silver. (See jewelry.) 

" boxes of metal, nickeled " 70 

** boxes of shell, tortoise-shell or ivory ** 1 80 

Mkts from China - " 20 

•* of hemp, cocoa or tow " 20 

Mkttresses or cushions, not of silk " 60 

'* or cushions of silk, or cloth containing silk «... *' 8 00 

Measures, of length and capacity, of all classes and materials " 80 

Meats, lunoked or salted 25 

" preserved L. W. 25 

*' extracts of " 26^ 

*• fresh, of beef, pork or fish Free 

Medals, metal, not gilt or plated ~ G. W. 80 

" metal, gilt or plated « " 180 

*' gold or silver. (See jewelry.) 
Medallions, according to material composed of. 

Medicine chests with filled or empty bottles N. W. 45 

Merino wool, according to weight of a square meter. (See wool 
fabrics.) 

Mercury Free 

Metals and metaloids, and not specified for medical uses N. W. 1 fiO 

" gold, silver or platlna. In mass or powder Free 

Metal, leaf, gilded or plated G. W. 2 60 

•* white or yellow, in leaves, not gilded or plated " 120 

Mills, hand, for all uses '* 15 

lyik, condensed L. If, 25 

IHnerals, gold, silver, platiua or copper. Fne 

Mining lead..... G.W. 06 



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127-ZXyi BPAMISH-AJOCBIOAN MANUAL. 

RataorDotf 



Kizron, with or without frames, of more than W oentlmeteri on 

one of its sides G. WJ$ 45 

*' with or without frames, np to 80 centimeters on one side *' 25 

Mixtures for gilding. „ «« 05 

Molasses or honey N. W. 08 

Monetaries -G. W. 01 

Money, legal, gold or silyer, of all countries............^ Free 

Monuments ^........... ** 10 

Morocco. (Seeskinei.) 

Morphine and its salts ^ L. W. 15 00 

Mortar of marble or porphyry i G. W. 20 

»* of porcelain. ** 20 

•' of crystal « «. «* 20 

•* of iron «• 20 

'* of brass, copper or composition <* 80 

Mosaics of wood, for pavements ** 80 

" of stone forpayements 01 

Moulds, for the arts ., «« 01 

Moldings, wood. (See frames.) 
Muifb, fur. (See manufactures of fur.) 

Music, bound a la Holandesa, orin leather « 08 

Music cases. (See cases.) 

Musical instruments ** 45 

Music, printed, in sheets .« Free 

Musk L. W. 10 00 

Muslin, wool, according to weight of one square meter. (See wool 
fabrics.) 
" cotton. (See cotton fabrics.) 
" book. (See cotton fabrics.) 

Mustard seed G.W. 20 

** in powder or prepared in sauce^.^^... h, W. 25 

H 

Nails, iron .G. If. 10 

" brass or copper •* 80 

" sine « 20 

Napkins, cotton. (See cotton goods.) 
** linen. (See linen goods.) 

Napthaline L. W. 180 

Naptha, purified N. W. 10 

'* crude G.W. 01 

Necklace, of ordinary metal, not gilded or silver-plated ** 80 

Necklaces, metal, gilded or silver-plated " 130 

" metal, nickeled «* 70 

♦« of leather *' eo 

*« silver or gold. (See jewelry.) 

Needle work of cotton, in pieces or strips L. W. 2 25 

♦• work of linen, in pieces or strips •* 2 50 

•* work of wool, in pieces or strips « " 3 50 

'♦ work of silk, in pieces or strips N. W. 15 00 

Needle-cases of tin G. W. 20 

♦• of common metal, not gilded or plated ** 60 

" of gilded or plated metal " 15 

*♦ plaque " 1 25 

" of wood " 80 

•' of cardboard " 45 

•* of bono, horn or gutta-percha ** 8D 

*' of 1 vow, shell or tortoise-shell *• 180 

" of gold or silver. (See Jewelry.) 

Needles up to five centimeters ** 95 

" of more than five centimeters in length •* 35 

Nets, according to materials. (See fringes. ) 

Nicotine L. W. 15 00 

Nippers or pliers of iron or steel G. W. 20 



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COMMXBCB* 127'-xxyii 

lUteofDuty 
ftr Kilogram 

KIpplMof rabber»».......^ .^»...»..^....^»^...^.......^^.....^.^....0. W.| 80 

Kipple or Imit ooTen of rabber...^..,^......^.^ ....^^ ** 80 

NiSle of iUver. ^ _ L. W. 8 00 

" of ammonift. ..„ ^ O. W. 01 

Kata for bolts, brass or copper ^ ~ ^ ** 80 

" for bolts of iron, of idl classes. «.. " 20 

Nut crackers, aocording to material composed of. 

Horsing bottles, crystal, without metal mountings ^,^,.,.^ " 20 

** bottles, crystal, with ordinary metal mountiiigs ^ " 80 



Oars fbr small boats................ ^ » ^.. Free 

Oats, in the grain....... •* 01 

•' pnlvemed " 01 

Objecu of paper or pasteboard, ornamented with gilt or plated metal ** 180 
^* of paper or pasteboard, with or without metal ornaments, 

not giltor plated " 45 

'* commenced or nnished on canyas ** 75 

'* of natural history, for museums and cabinets ». ** 01 

Oil, oliye, in yessels of glass ...N. W. 20 

•* olive, in jugs or tin cans ** 16 

" fish or codliYer « L. W. 10 

" Unseed N. W. 26 

•• fixed, not specific «..L. W. 60 

•• Yolatile or essential ** 2 60 

** smelling, for the hair G. W. 96 

•• mineral, purified «N. W. 10 

Oils, mineral, notpurifled G. W. 01 

" essential, such as orange blossoms, geranium, nutmeg, mus- 
tard, ^a/rAow/s', and rose L. W. 6 00 

Oil-cloths, all kinds, for tables and floors G. W. 80 

Oil-cloth in sheets, when united to machinery Free 

** in sheets, not united to machinery " 10 

•* in sheets, on cloths '* 10 

" in strips, for billiard outfits, and threaded oil-cloth " 48 

•' in shoes, in any form *' 48 

•* for dress goods, in any form '* 160 

" prepared for dentists' use " 2 00 

Olives,, prepared or in oil .....L. W. 10 

in brine G. W- 06 

Omnibus, all classes N. W. 10 

Onions, fresh G. W. 06 

OrchiL " 05 

Organs, hand, with handles. (See musical Instruments.) 

Ornaments of iron, cast or stamped " 20 

*• of copper, brass or common metal without gilding or 

plating, stamped or cast " 80 

" for the head, not of silk L. W. 8 00 

" for the head, of silk " 7 00 

" of straw G. W. 46 

" of metal, gilded or plated " 180 

•« of metal, nickeled " 70 

•* of plaque or German silver •* 125 

" of pewter or white metal " 40 

of human hair •' 10 00 

•* sacerdotal, of silk, mixed with wool or cotton, with or 
without metal and galloon borders not gold or 

silver N. W. 4 75 

" sacerdotal, of silk, mixed with wool or cotton, with or 
without metal and galloon borders of silver or 

silver gilt •• 8 50 

" sacerdotal, of silk, with or without metal and galloon 

borders of silver or silver gilt *' 16 00 

Opiates for the teeth. (See perfumery. ) 



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127<rXXfiii BPANISH'AMEKIC-\N :iA.Nl.\:. 

Rate of Duty 
per Kilogram 

0|fttam...» ■....« ^»G.W. 12 20 

Opodeldoo - „.. 75 

OYenii lion, of all kinds, weighing up to 20 kilos " 20 

" iron, all kinds, weighing more than 20 kilos " 10 

OystenH salted or pickeled L. W. 12 

Oxalate of rinc ** 15 

Oxide of lead.. „ « *» ^08 

Oxidea^ of all snhstancea, not specified.^ ** Si 

' Ochre, Ted .^.....^..^O^'W. !• 

Oleine "" 

Ointments, medicinal, of all suhstanoes and proprietary. 



% 



Padlocks of iron, all kinds ^ ..^ «« ^ 

** of brass, all kinds. " 

Pails of wood. 



iS 



of leather " CO 

of ainc, of all kinds ^,. „ «.. ** 07 

•' o< copper or brass, of all kinds — .„.....« ** W 

" of Iron, oi all kinds «* ^ 

Paintings on linen, crystal, metal, paper or cardboard, with or 

without frames covered with cloth or skin. " . 66 

" on linen, crystal, metal, paper or cardboard with frames 

covered with cloth or skin « ««......«.... •♦ 1 80 

Paintboxes, all kinds ..„ •* 25 

Paittii (colon) cMide or prepared " 10 

PaUadium, metallic N.W. I fO 

Pancretina L.W. ^5 

Papaverine. (See alkaloids.) 

Paper* painted to adorn or decorate glasses ».... »....» Q. W. 86 

** sand „.. " .06 

*' straw and wrapping « " 10 

" blotting, all colors •• 10 

" filtering " 10 

** not glued, and that half glued, of all classes *' 10 

" straw or blotting, with pnnted notices or addresses ** 10 

" cigarette, all classes *• 82 

'♦ letter or account, of all classes, ruled or unruled " 82 

*• superfine, medium, ruled and unruled " 82 

" engraved or lithographed, for wrapping of cards „ " 66 

** water-marked, Bristol, albuminatea or of porcelain.. ** \48 

*' impermeable or waterproof *« 07 

•* linen-backed, pitched or tarred " 07 

" wall, all classes ** ,20 

" marbled, lustrous and colored, for binders *• v20 

*' to color chinaware *« '20 

" silk or Chinese, white or in colors *« 20 

" gilt or silvered on one surf ace " 20 

'* all classes not specified •* 20 

" absorbing, for medicines L.W. 75 

" clippings, for the manufacture of imper.. „ Pree 

Parafflne, in cakes „ N.*W. 14 

** manufactured „ G. W. 60 

Parasols, according to material. (See umbrellas.) 

Pastes, alimentary '* 03 

Paste, mineral, for razor strops •* 46 

•• for eleaning metal ** 46 

Bastes and lozenges, medicinal L. W. 20 

'• for the toiler. (See perfumery.) 

Pearls..... Free 

'• imitation G. W. 1 25 

Pea, Spanish (Arvejones) ♦• 05 

Pegs, wooden, for shoes " 10 

Pencils all classes „ ** ^10 



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CQMMUCl. 127' 



RMearOvtr 
pwKUocnM 

FenoU caMf, not gold or ■UTer......?..~^ ....m^.-^.,.^ ^«>.,Q. W. |0 05 

** eMM,goldorBilT«r. (8eo JewcOiy.) 
Pencil bruihei. (See bnuhef .) 

Ptnbolden, not rold or iilver».»^.......;....„...«.».^ Q. w. 80 

*' goldor lilyer. (Bee jewelry.) 

P^nknires, with metml handles, notgold or ■liver-plated.....^....... « o SO 

metal handles, Alitor plated *< 180 

with metal hancues, nickel-plated *< 70 

with handles of bone, horn, whalebone or gntta-percha ** 50 

with handles of wood » ** 80 

with handles of ivory, shell or tortoise-shell » ...... " 1 80 

Pens of metal not gold or silver ^^^. *< 95 

*' -^goldor silver. (See jewelry.) 

' Pepper N. W. 25 

Pepsin L. W. 8 00 

Percale, cotton. (See cotton fabrlca. ) 

Perfumery, articles of. — ...«.«« .....^...-..^............a. W, 95 

Permanganate of potash.. ». ...<»..............»......... Free 

Petroleum, crude ......«....«.„..«... •• 01 

refined. «. " lo 

Pewter, manufactures of *' 40 

Phaetons, according to weight. (See carriages. ) 

Phosphorus, white or red r. ^ .X, W. 75 

Photographs with or without frames not lined with doth or leather. Q. W. 65 

^^ with frames lined with cloth or leather . •« iS 

Piano keys « ~ - «.. .... •« 45 

Pianos, all classes. (See musical instruments. ) 
Piano works. (See musical instruments. ) 

Pick-axes for agriculture ^ Free 

Pickles -...*...X,W^ 25 

Pieces loose for sewing machines. (See sewing machines. ) 

Pieces loose for engines, or agricultural apparatus, eto.......M«..«.»... Fieo 

Pieces loose for firearms. (See firearms. ) 
Pieces loose for springs, according to materiaL 

Pills, medicinal L.W. 66 

Pillows of all classes of material not of silk. ...a. W. 50 

'« of silk or of goods mixed with silk «. ...... »* 8 00 

Pillow cases, cotton, not embroidered. ...........X. W. 1 60 

** cases, cotton, embroidered ** 2 25 

'* cases, linen, embroidered '* 2 50 

'• cases, linen, not embroidered " 180 

Pincers, according to material composed ot 

Pins, common, of iron or steel, all kinds » ............U}. W. 20 

" common, of brass, all kinds '* 80 

Pipes, drain, for mines Free 

" smoking, according to materials composed of. 

" wood, empty •• 

" of iron «.. 

** of copper, brass or bronze » '* 80 

" iron, covered with brass or copper *' 80 

" lead .:. Free 

" of rubber or gutta-percha or tarpaulins *' 10 

Pique, cotton. (See cot ton fabrics. ) 

Pistols, self-cocking or repeating " 125 

*• not sell-cocking or repeating " 82 

*» air «* 70 

Pitch " 04 

Pivots or pins of iron " 20 

•• of brass or copper. / •* 80 

Plaids, cotton. (See articles not denominated, of cotton without 
embroidery.) 
" wool. (See articles not denominated, of wool without 
embroidrey. ) 

Plants, living. Free 

Plasters, of all substances, for medicinal uses.. ~ .L. W. 75 



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127-XZX BPANISH-AMEBICAN MANUAL. 

rDutjf 



perl 

PlMtron, for fencing, each^ L. W. |0 80 

Plates of brass, copper or bronze, of all kinds.. .» ^ O. W. 80 

*' of iron or steel, of all kinds ** 20 

Platforms, for railroad? Fjree 

Platinum, in paste or powder ^ " 

Plaque, in manufactures •• 1 26 

•« inplates •* 20 

Playing cardiB, all classes •' 105 

Planes " 10 

Plumbago «L.W. 08 

Plows and their shares „ «.. Free 

Plush, according to materials. 

Pocket-books of gilt metal or plated G. W* 1 80 

•« plaque. »« 1 25 

'* feather «« 00 

" ivory, tortoise-shell or shell .„ ** 180 

*♦ gold or silver. (See Jewelry) 

♦♦ metal, nicfieled .^ •• 70 

Poison for preparing hides Free 

Pomade, pots, small, according to material composed of. 

<* medicinal, of all substances L. W. 76 

" for the toilet. (See perfumery.) 

Ponchos of wool - : " 2 25 

" of silk and wool, or silk and cotton N. W. 00 

Porcelain, worked in pieces, of all forms... ...G, W. 16 

** worked in pieces, of all forms, with mountings or trim- 
mings of ordinary metal " 80 

•• worked in pieces, of all forms, with mountings or set- 
tings of metal, gilt or plated •* 180 

'* worked in pieces, of all forms, with mountings or set- 
tings of metal, nickeled *• 70 

Porte-plaid of doth with leather straps and iron buckles " 60 

Potash, chlorate of L. W. 1 60 

" carbonate of " 06 

" bi-carbonate of " 05 

*• caustic « " 08 

'• nitrate of Free 

" pnissiateof *' 08 

Potassium, pure (metallic) N. W. 1 05 

cyanide of L. W. 08 

*• nitrate of Free 

Potatoes G. W. 08 

Pouches for hunters, all classes and sizes " 50 

•• of all kinds, for oxygen, with or without keys " 80 

Powder, tooth. (See perfumery.) 

" for the complexion. (See perfumery.) 
" pufllB. (See perfumery.) 

Powders, medicinal, of all substances » L. W. 88 

•• for bronzing G. W. 1 80 

Powder, glass *' 06 

" mining Free 

" excepting that specified for mines ** 100 

•• flasks, according to materials composed of. 

•• ofiste N.W. 10 

Presses of iron, of all classes, for copying letters, not exceeding 20 

kilograms in weight G. W. 20 

•* of iron, of all classes, for copying letters, exceeding 20 

kilograms in weight ** 10 

" printing and lithographing Free 

Printed advertisements, without frames ** 01 

" matter, with pictures, lithographs or engravings, on paper 

or cardboard, without frames ** 20 

*' advertisements, of all classes, with frames, according to the 

material of the frames. 
*' advertisements on wrapping or manila paper for wrapping 

purposes " 10 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



coMMXBCK. 127-icad 



Pifiit«4 perlodlealf.^ .^.«.«..^^ ^.^ Free 

Print! (Be« cotton fabrics itamped) 

Prism or crystal iiieces for chandeliers and lampe......^......—^-^ '< |0 90 

Proprietary medicinal preparations not otherwise spedfled .....L. W. To 

** or "patent" medicinal preparations, acoordinir to 
natnre of componnd. (See medicinal oomponnds 
of ingredients similar to any "patent medicine" 
in question.) 

Polleys, iron........ ............O. W. 211 

" brass .......^ " 80 

" wood " _ 80 

Pulp for making paper 

Pnmice stone. Btone-pnmice, whole or powdered 

Pumps of all kinds » .................. 

Punches «. •* 10 

Purses for keeping money, according to materiaL 

Pyiolignites of iron and lead................ ....-^L. W. Oft 



Quills tot writing «. ^.O. W. fiO 

Quinine, and salts of «...N. W. 1 00 



Rabbet planes..... « «.. ^ «.a. W. 10 

Rags for manufacturing paper ......^ Free 

Railings, iron, for balconies and windows, that weigh up to 20 

kilograms '* 20 

** iron, for balconies and windows, that weigh more than 

20 kilograms •* 10 

Rakes, of iron, for agriculture Free 

" iron, not applicable for agriculture " 20 

Rasps „.... «* 10 

Rat-traps, iron wire, all classes ** 20 

Razor strops, for razors - ** 46 

Rasors and penknives, wood handles " 80 

" and penknives, with handles of horn, bone, whalebone or 

gutta-percha •* 80 

'• or penknives, with handles of ivory, shell or tortoise-shell ** 1 80 

Red ochre " 10 

Reeds, for clocks, according to material. 

Reed for furniture •* 10 

Refrigerators „. " 16 

Reins, of all materials " flO 

Reels, according to their component parts. 

Reps, wool, according to weight of one square meter. (See- woolen 

fabrics.) 
Resin, of all classes, not specified. (See gums.) 

Ribbons, of cotton and wool, with woof of cotton and 8ilk„ .K« W. 8 20 

" of wool, or wool and cotton with gum elastics, up to 4 

centimeters in width " 2 10 

*' cotton, linen or hemp, with or without glass or false 

metal beads " 2 50 

'* cotton, with gum elastics, up to 4 centimeters in width.... '* 100 

** woolen, with or without glass or false metal beads " 8 20 

silk ** 16 00 

" silk, mixed with cotton, linen or wool " 9 00 

•* silk, mixed with cotton, linen or hemp, with or without 

glass or false metal beads , " 8 00 

" silk, with glass or metal beads " 12 00 

'* silk and cotton, or silk and wool, with gum elastics, up 

to 4 centimeters in width " 4 70 

" silk, with gum elastic, up to 4 centimeters in width......... *< 7 00 

*' of all materials, for surgical purposes L. W. 1 00 



A* 



Digitized by VjOOQI^ 



iS7-^X3Sdi BPAMISH-AMBRIOAN MANUAL. 

Rate of Duty 
perKUopam 

Wo©. ..^...v; 0.W':|O(» 

•"• — • — and cordage " 1§ 

if oommon metal, not gilded or plated, with or without 

moek pearls or stones - *» 86 

** of metal, gilded or plated, with or witnout mock pearls 

or stones " 130 

** of gdd'or platinum^ with pearls or precious stones, hecto- 
gram N. W. ,6 Op 

" of ffold or platinum, without pearls or precious stones, 

neetogram •' 4 03 

** of silver, or of silver and g<rtd, with pearls or precious 

stones, hectogram " S 60 

♦' of silver, or of silver and gold, without pearis or precious 

stones, hectogram ; •• 2 60 

" or staples, iron or steel, with or without screws, of all kinds 20 

** of brass, all kinds 80 

•* ofrahber SO 

Bivets, heads of brass, for carriages r. „ G. W. 80 

" of iron, for carriages *« 20 

, . *• brass or copper ^.... •• 8p 

' *• iron. *• 10 

SodSf small, of pewter or white metal " 40 

** small, of brass or copper, nickeled " 70 

*' small, of copi>er or common metal, without gilding or 

plating «« SO 

" small, of brass or copper, gilt or plated „ «« 180 

** small, of copper or brass, covered with cotton, linen, wool 

or silk. « 40 

** small, of iron, covered with cotton cloth " 15 

Soots, medicinal *' 20 

Eosaries, according to material composed of. 

5^0wels of iron: «« 20 

*' of brass «* 80 

Bubber, for erasing and liquid gum for desks ** 30 

&ugs, according to materials, (See caTi>ets. ) 

](um, of all kinds, in glass vessels N. Wi 80 

'• of all kinds, in wooden vessels. ** 40 

gunners of iron G. Wi 20 

♦• of brass «., «...«.„*.««. «* 80 



Sabres. (See side arms.) 
«ach6 bags. (See perfumery.) 

j^dles^ with or without ornaments, that are not gold or silver. N. W. 2 00 

'* without GTold or silver ornaments •• 2 00 

'* with gold or silver ornaments G. W. 3 60 

Saffron, dried or in oil N. W. 4 00 

Safes of iron, for money, all kinds, whose weight does not exceed 

20 kilograms G. VT. 20 

" exceeding 20 kilograms " 10 

** formeats,etc., of orass or eopper wire cloth •* 30 

" for meats, etc., of iron wire cloth ** 20 

. (See fecula.) 

mon, salted or piekled L. W. 12 

** preservea. ^, " 25 

Salts, not specified, for medicines •* 15 

" ammoniacals G. W. 01 

Saltpetre or nitrate of iK>tash or of soda Free 

Salicine N. W. 1 00 

Salts of alkaloids, not specified. (See alkaloids.) 
" of quinine. (See quinine.) 

Salt, common or table G. W. 03 

Sand paper or sand cloth " 06 

Santonine L. W. 75 

Sarapes. (See scarfs.) 

Sarsaparilla, essence of ** 30 



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COMMBBOI. 127HDCZili 

RateofDutjr 
per Kilogram 

Sardines, in oil, tomstoei or Imtter. ^ ^.....~ .^-^ L. Yf4 16 

** dried, imoked, salted or soMoned » *' 12 

Satin, silk N» W. 1# 00 

Satinet, of wool, according to the weight of onesqnare metw. (See 

woolen fabrics.) 
Satchels, traveling, all kinds and slses, according to material. 

Sausages » , " 25 

Sauces, compounded, prepared or in powder L. W. 25 

Saws.... .r. .C O.W. 10 

" mechanical Free 

Scarfs, cotton, striped or stamped » L. W. 1 60 

*' wool, striped or stamped, without sleeves, borders not 

worked N. W. 26 

** wool, imitation of Saltillo, square meter 8 SO 

" wool with sleeves and woi±ed borders ** 25 

" of wool and silk, imitaUon of Saltillo «. •« 18 40 

** of cotton, all textures, without embroidery 1 60 

*• of cotton, all textures, with embroideries U W. 2 25 

•* of wool, all textures, without embroideries N. w. 25 

•' of wool« all textures, with embroideries L. W. 3 60 

" of woolen yam -...N. W. 2 20 

•• of silk. ,. •' 16 00 

** of silk and cotton, of irooi and silk, of cotton, wool or silk /* 9 00 

Seapularies, with wool ribbons ^ ,.. L. W. 2 25 

" with cotton ribbons *• 1 60 

Scrapers and rubbers for slate pencils Q.m. 08 

Scales of iron, all kinds, whose weiKhv Joes not exceed 20 kilognuns *^ 20 

<* of iron, all kinds, whose weight exceeds 20 kilograms ** 10 

" of copper or brass, all classes " 80 

« of iron of aU kinds " 20 

" of tin of all kinds. *' 20 

" of brass or copper. '* 30 

Scaphanders Free 

Scissors, wrought, up to 14 centimeters CK W. 95 

** wrought, more than 14 centimeters ** 30 

" cast *« 20 

Screw-bolts, for blacksmiths « ** 10 

Screws, iron, of all classes and sises. with or without nuts ** 10 

*' brass or copper, with or without nuts ** 30 

Screwdrivers « *• 10 

Scythes for agriculture - Free 

Seals, for stamping, according to material composed of. 
*' for Impresaions, according to material. 
" or charms, for watches, according to material composed of. 

Sealing wax .• " 95 

Seeds, mclicinal " 20 

♦* for horticulture Free 

" nutritious " 05 

Seltser aperient L. W. 15 

Shawls, silk, mixed with cotton , linen or wool, of more than 38 and 
up to 64 threads in web and woof in a square of half 

centimeter N, W. 23 20 

*• silk, mixed with cotton, wool or linen, or more than 26 and 
up to 88 threads in web and woof in a square of half 

centimeter *' 13 75 

" silk, mixed with cotton, .wool or linen, that have up to 26 

threads in web and wocf in a square of half centimeter " 9 40 
" silk, more than 38 and up to 64 threads of web and woof in a 

square of half centimeter " 84 10 

** silk, of more than 26 and up to 38 threads in web and woof 

in a square of half centimeter *' 22 00 

" silk, that have up to 26 threads of web and woof in a square 

of half ceuUmeter - " M 50 

" linen, of more than 38 and up to 64 threads of web and woof 

in a square of half centimeter, square meter *' 6 15 

. '* linen, of more than 26 and up to 88 threads of web and woof 

in a square of half centimeter, square meter " 2 90 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



127-ZZZiy tPANISH-AMSBIOAN MANUAL. 

lUteeTDoly 
perKUognai 

Shawii, wool, that have np to 26 threads in weband wool inaiqnare 

of half centimeter, square meter » N.W4 2 20 

** wool, of more than 26 and up to 88 thread in web and woof 

iD a square of half cennmeter. square meter. " 1 45 

*' cotton, of more than 26 aud up to 88 threads of web and woof 

in a square of half centimeter, square meter ^ " 2 20 

** linen, that nave up to 26 threads of web and woof in a 

square of half centimeter, square meter *' 1 95 

'* cotton, of more than 88 and up to 64 threads of web and woof 

in a square of half centimeter, sauare meter. " 4 90 

** cotton, that have up to 26 threads and woof in a square of 

half centimeter, square meter '* 1 20 

" cotton, with or without fringe or borders of cotton or wool...N. W. 1 80 
•* with or without borders of wool or cotton, and fringe of 

silk and wool or silk and cotton *' 2 60 

" of linen point " 9 00 

" of wool point •• 8 00 

" wool, with or without borders of wool and with or without 

fringe of wool, or of wool and silk, or of silk and 

cotton *' 8 60 

*' Wool, with borders of silk and fringe of any material ** 5 60 

" silk, aU classes ..^ *• 16 00 

'* silk, with mixture of cotton, lineu or wool of all classes, 

with bugles, glass or false metal beads " 8 00 

" ofcottennet „ " 6 00 

" silk with mixture of cotton, linen or wool of all classes with 

or without borders and fringes of same materials ** 9 00 

*< silk, of all classes, with bugles, glass or metal beads.. <* 12 00 

Sheets oi plaque or German silver *• 20 

•« cotton, without embroidery. L. W. 1 60 

•* cotton, embroidered " 2 26 

** linen, without embroidery " 180 

" linen, embroidered 1 ** 2 60 

'* of brttss or brass and iron for the construction of pianos. G. W. 80 

" of zinc " 07 

•• of lead...... " 05 

•« of tin •* 20 

*• of tin, up to 40 centimeters in length by thirty wide « Free 

•• of German silver " 20 

" tin, more than 40 centimeters in length *' 07 

** tin, stamped or Japanned „ ** 07 

** of brass, copper or composition " 16 

'* of iron or steel " 10 

Shell. (See manufactures of) 

" fish, dried, smoked, salted or pickled L. W. 12 

'♦ fish, canned •' 25 

Sheepskins, dressed. (See skins, prepared.) 

Shirts of cotton, white or colored, all sizes N. W. 1 30 

*• of cotton, with linen trimmings « " 2 00 

'• over or under " 2 10 

*' or chemises of cotton cloth, plain or embroidered, for ladies 

and girls " 8 00 

" or chemises, linen, plain, all sizes and colors '* 8 80 

" or chemises, linen, embroidered, for ladies and girls " 7 00 

Shovels, iron, for agriculture '• Free 

Shoes of iron ..G. W. 05 

" of worsted N. W. 2 20 

'* low, skin or cloth, not silk, with or without trimmings or 

rubber, per pair. '* 90 

*• low. of silk, with or without trimmings or rubber, per pair... " 1 25 

*• not low, of silk, with or without ornaments, per iwiir *' 1 26 

" rubber. (See rubber in all styles.) 

** low, of silk, with or without ornaments, per pair- " 80 

•* not low, of leather or other goods, not silk, per pair " 90 

•• low, of leather or goods not silk, with or without ornaments, 

per pair „ ** 45 



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COMMBBCB. 127'XXZT 

fUteof Dntf 
perKUognm 

Shot pouchdi, acoordinf to material compoied of. 

•• ^ ^ O. W.I 05 

81cklM..................» ^ Free 

Siere of briatlMor leather. ^„ ^....^ '* 20 

" of wire, copper or brass......^ *• 80 

«* iron, wire or 8teeL...»^.. ^ „ «* ao 

SieTea of iron wire «..^...«......... •• 20 

" of brass wire «' 80 

•• of bristles or leather " 20 

ttlk, hair, sewing or floss, of all classes and colors N. W. 8 00 

** raw or erode. ** 2 00 

•• fabrics of , all classes ^ 16 00 

fabrics of cotton, linen or wool, with silk ornaments " 8 SO 

fabrics of cotton, linen or wool mixed with siUc *' 5 00 

'* fabrics of , mixed with cotton, linen or wool *' 7 50 

** fabrics of, with cotton or wool, and mixture of common 

metal «* 5 00 

** fabrics of, with mixture of common metal " 6 60 

^ fabrics of, with cotton, or silk and wool, with mixture of fine 

metal " 10 00 

*' fabrics of. with mixture of fine metal <* 16 00 

gilTer, in bars or in powder... Free 

•• in legal moner « " 

«( worked in all kinds of objects. (See silver jewelry) 

«* Qerman, in plates „ « O. W. 20 

" leaf, plated or s^ded N. W. 10 00 

ttnapisms, medicinaT L. W. 75 

flUns, all classes, undressed N. W. 10 

** prepared " 1 65 

•* manutectures of ~ ** 2 20 

flkirta of wodi, unmade, plain L. W. 2 25 

** of wool, unmade, embroidered *' 8 60 

** oflinen, unmade, embroidered ** 2 60 

. ** of linen, unmade, plain " 180 

of cottoh.-unmade, plain •* 1 60 

of cotton, unmade, embroidered ^ ** 2 25 

I, small and its imitations G. W. 10 

•« in slabs, worked on both sides. *• 20 

'* or its imitations, with or without frames, for drawing or 

other uses ** 10 

** for roofs Free 

" in slabs worked on one side only " 01 

Sledge hammers of iron „ •* 05 

** hammers of iron or steel " 05 

ffleepers of iron or wood, for railroads Free 

glidngbars ** 20 

Slippers, made of all materials, not containing silk or metal, per 

pair- " 40 

cut, of silk N. W. 16 00 

" patterns, worked in silk « " 16 00 

** cut, of all materials that do not contain silk or metal " 75 

** pattern, of leather or any other goods but silk ** 75 

•• cut. not containing silk " 75 

*' pattern, made of leather or dotn, not silk, with or with- 
out trimmings " 8 80 

** made, not containing silk, per pair ** 40 

•• cut, of silk ZT. ...^....rr. •* 16 00 

'< in patterns, of silk, with or without metol ^* 16 00 

*' made of any material, not of silk or metal, per pair *' 40 

** in patterns, of all materials which do not contain silk or 

metai. N. W. 75 

BmrfT trays, according to material comiKMsed of. 
" (See tobacco in powder) _ 

Snvfrers, iron or steel O. W. 20 

" of pewter or white metol " 40 

<" bran " ao 



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127-xxzyi spaiiish-amebigan manual. 

Rate of Duty 
perKilogr^iB 

Snnffdrs, Of giltor silver-plated metal G. W.$ 1 80 

'• of plaque " I 26 

" of nickeled metal " TO 

Soap, fine, for tbe toilet, scented or not scented " 1 25 

•• ordinary, not scented *' 18 

" medicinal, such as phenic add, eampharated, tar, arnica 
chloride of mercury, ox-gall, cocoa butter, sulphurous, 

sulpho-alkaline and cocoa-nut ^ ** 80 

8oda caustic Fw 

'♦ baking L. W. ft 

Solder, copper, bronze or brass Q. W* 10 

Spaces for printing Free 

Spangle, yellow metal, not gilt ** 120 

^' silver orsllver gilt N. W. 10 00 

•* metal, gilt or plated G. W. 2 60 

Spades for agriculture Free 

Sperm, refined " 60 

♦» in oake ~N. W. 40 

Speaking tubes of common metal, without gilding or plating G. W. 80 

Spheres or globes, celestial or terrestrial ~ " 01 

Spirits of wine. (See alcohol) 

Spoons, all sizes, of horn, rubber or gutta-percha " 80 

•• gold or silver. (See jewelry) 

*' all sizes, of white metal or pewter ** 40 

'* ail sizes, of plaque or German silver.. " 126 

" all sizes, of gilded or silver-plated metal ** 1 

•' all sizes, of brass " 

" all sizes, of tinned iron ** 

Spokes of wood for carriages •' 06 

Sponge, fine •; IM 

*• common *• 80 

Springs, iron or steel, of all classes •• 20 

*• iron or steel, for earriages» ** 10 

Spreads, bed, of cotton 1 60 

•* bed, wool 26 

Spurs of metal not gilded or plated , " .|0 

' " W metal, gilded or plated •* 180 

•* of gold or silver. (See jewelry.) 

•• of metal, nickeled " 70 

Squeezers, iron " 20 

" iron, of all kinds 1 " 20 

'* wood " JO 

Spy-glasses, known as opera glasses, with or without cases " 1 25 

" trimmed with any material not gold or silver *' 126 

" without glasses, known as No. 6 and 8 *< rlO 

Spunk. (See matches.) 

Statues, zinc, less than natural size " 20 

«• zinc, natural size or greater dimensions ** 10 

'* brass, bronze or composition, less than natural size '* 80 

" brass, bronze or composition, natural size or greater dimen- 
sions .V: , " 10 

'* and stone busts, less than natural size " 15 

•* of iron, natural size, of neater dimensions „ " 10 

*• iron, less than natural size ** 20 

*' and stone busts, natural size or greater dimensions " 10 

" of marble, alabaster or stucco, less than natural size " 20 

" gypsum or earth, natural size or greater dimensions " 10 

" g3r|>sum or earth, less than natural size ** 16 

*' of marble, alabaster or stucco, of natural size or of greater 

dimensions *• 10 

0tsTe8f<» barrels Jte 

Starch ^ " W 

Stage coaches .>... " |p 

Staples of iron, when imported with tl«B bail-wire, for fencing Free 

^ of iron, not imported with the wire ,.,.. " 20 



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comcBSOB, 127-xzxTii 

I 

lUfeBofDu^ 
perKikicnuB 

dtetilne, refined...^ » ^~...» ^..^....^.^^.a. W4t> H^ 

•« In cakes, or mixed with wax ** 14 

Btencll marking plates, according to material composed of. 

Stencils of tin, for marking " 20 

«» of brass, etc *' # 

Bteel, In iMurs, cylindrical or octagonal, for mines Fref 

Steel-yaxds, Iron, of all classes, that weigh more than 20 kilograms '* 10 

** Iron, of all classes, that weigh up to 20 kilograms *' 36 

Steel, sharpeners of, with or without handles " tf 

Steel, In bulk N. W. 05 

** in bars, cylindrical or octagonal, for mines 1^66 

SUrraps. wood or of wood and iron G. W. 19 

Iron, all kinds '• 2t 

Stones, Iron, wel8[hing more than 20 kilos " 10 

** Iron, of all kinds, weighing no more than 20 kilos " 30 

Stones, Imitation, of crystal «* 1 80 

" fine, or precious Frfe 

•• lithographic Tnp 

Stone In slabs « 01 

" mlnexaL Free 

StoneB,grind '• 04 

Stockings, cotton, wither without silk ornaments .N. W. 1 76 

'» linen *« 2 00 

*' wool... ., •* 2 90 

sUk •• M 00 

** silk and cotton, or sUk and wool " 7 00 

•• elastic, for varlx L. W. 1 00 

Storax-gmn, In liquid or solid form ** •• 76 

Strings, all classes and materials, for musical instruments 0. W. 46 

Straw, manufactures of, not specified ^ ** 46 

'• covering, for bottles «... *« 06 

" for hats " 45 

Strainers of Iron wire.. 



of brass or copper wire.. 



** of bristles or leather 

Strychnine „..L. W, 1640 

Sub-nltrate of bismuth ** tI 

Succory N. W. 10 

Sugar, common, refined G. W. 15 

'^ rock-candy •* 35 

'• in powder, prepared with lemon " 35 

Sulphate of copper „ WH9 

" of quinine. (See quinine.) 

Sulphates, not specified L. W. 16 

Sulfo-olelne Q. W. 07 

Sulphur '♦ 01 

Sunshades, according to class. (See umbrellas.) 

Suspensories, of all materials L. W. 1 00 

Suspenders, cotton, with or without trimmings *♦ 66 

" linen or hemp, with or without trimmiugs '< 90 

" woolen, with or without trimmiugs " 180 

•* silk, with or without trimmings '* 16 00 

** silk, mixed with cotton or wool, with or without 

trimmings " 9 00 

Sweetmeats, of all kinds, not specified '* 1 00 

Swords* according to class. (See arms.) 

Syphones of tin, covered with any material G. W. 8f 

^* of glass, with or without settings of metal, of all classes " 2| 
Syringes, according to material. 

Syrups, all classes, for medicinal uses " df 

« not medicinal JL W. 1 00 

It 

'Table cloths, linen. (See linen fabrics.) 

" covers, cotton. (See cotton fabrics.) / 

Tacks, copper or brass « - w...Xi. W. W 



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127-zxxviii spanish-amsbican manual. 

RateofDaty 
per KUacraa 

Taoks, Iron^...*........... » ».G. W.| 10 

" sine ^ " ao 

Ta£PBta, gummed « L. W. 75 

Tallow, all classes Q. W. Of/ 

Tapioca. (See fecula.) 

Tar •* 04 

Tares (the fruit of the Carob tree) " 06 

Tartar* crude L. W. 08 

Tassels of cotton N. W. 70 

" of wool " 180 

** of sUk and wool or silk and cotton *' 2 80 

Tea, all classes ** 60 

Tease of wire ~ G. W. 01 

** vegetable ^ Free 

Teeth, artificial, of aU materials N. W. « 00 

Telescopes for the sciences G. W. Oi 

Tents, field, of all classes " 20 

Textures of silk, mixed with cotton, lioen or wool, stamped, 
marbled or striped, with figures or ornaments in 
imitation of Rebozos. (See shawls or Bebozos of silk 
mixed with cotton, linen or wool.) 
" of ftilk, stamped, marbled or striped, with figures or orna- 
ments in imitation of Rebozos.. (See shawls or Re- 
boaos of silk.) 
** of cotton, stamped, marbled or striped, with figures or 
ornaments In imitation of Reboxos. (See fihawls or 
Rebozos of cotton.) 
*' of linen, stamped, marbled or strii>ed, with figures or 
' ornaments in imitation of Rebozos. (See shawls or 

Rebozos of linen.) 
** of wool, stamped, marbled or striped, with figures or 
ornaments in imitation of Rebozos. (See snawls or 
Rebozos of wool.) 
** of gilded or plated metal on paper for the manufacture of 
artificial flowers. (See articles for artificial fiowers.) 

flilmbles of bone, rubber or gutta-percha " 90 

" gold or silver. (See Jewelry.) 

*• of ivory or shell " 1 80 

*« iron or steel ** 20 

" of metal, gilt or silver-plated " 1 8J 

** of ordinary metal, not gilt or silver-plated " 80 

flkread« counters, not of gold or silver " 80 

" cotton, carded, for long shawls L. W. 1 20 

" of cotton, of all kinds " 1 20 

" of cotton, crochet ** 1 20 

** of linen, hemp, or their tow, of all colors N. W. 14 

** crude, hemp or colored, fine or common, including half- 
twisted in balls and skeins L. W. 13 

«» of linen, carded for long shawls «• 2 00 

** linen or hemp, white or colored, in spools '* 2 00 

«• woolen .„ N. W. 1 90 

** woolen, mixed with silk or false metal " 3 00 

" silver-plated or gUded " 10 00 

•• of meUl, plated or gilded G. W. 2 60 

" white or yellow metal, not plated or gilded • • 1 20 

•« twiUedsftk N. W. 8 00 

Threshers Free 

Ticking, cotton, square meter 17 

*« linen, square meter « 22 

Tiles (arulejos) PerM. 7 25 

" clay, of all classes Free 

** of stone, square, known as Baldomu, for flooring.. G. W. 01 

Tilmas of cotton, striped or stamped L. W. 1 60 

Tincal .:. " 15 

Tinctures for dyeing the hair. (See pcriumery.) 

•* medicinal ** 75 



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COMMERCE. 127-XXXix 

Rate of Duty 
pnKiiognm 

Tin, in gheatf* np to 40 centimeten long by 80 wide, not itamped 

or painted Free 

** in iheeU, more than 40 centimeten long by 80 wide, and 

■tamped or painted, of all Bizes O. W.| Ot 

** mannfactnred into all kinds of articles, not specified " 20 

*' in plates, sheets and other articles, not specified '* 20 

** in sticks " 1 80 

*• in bars or matted *' 10 

TinML « « •• 95 

Tobacco, ping or chewing. ^ N. W. 68 

aiftod " 1 10 

leaf, not VlrginU ^ " 1 87 

•* Virginia leaf " 18 

** powder or snuff. .♦ « L. W. 2 75 

'* worked into cigarettes «« " 187 

•* worked into cigars « « ** 5 40 

. ** cn^for pipes « .v '* 1 87 

Tongs, iron, for chimneys « G. W. 20 

Tooth brushes of all classes, not gold or f liver. " 80 

Tools, meclianics' .^ « ^... " 10 

Tortoise-shelL (See articles made of it) 

Towels of cotton. (See cotton fabrics.) 

*' of linen. (See linen fabrics.) 

Tow or oakum, tarred or pitched. «- " 04 

" (hemp packing) « N. W. 14 

Toys of glass or crystal G. W. 20 

" of .china or porcelain " 15 

J' of all classes, not specified. •* 45 

Transparencies. (See curtains painted in oil or opaque colors.) 

Trsys of iron enameled or Japanned *' 20 

" of brass or copper .% ** 80 

" of gilded or plated metal " 1 80 

" of nickeled metal " 70 

" of plaque « •* 1 25 

*' of pewter •* 40 

«• of wood " 30 

" of paper or cardboard ~ " 45 

" of German silver *' 40 

Tricopherous " 95 

Tri-culphate of Seine Free 

Trombones. (See musical instruments.) 

Trout, preserved L. W. 25 

•* salted or pickled *' 12 

Truffles, preserved " 25 

Trunks of leather or covered with leather G. W. 60 

" of wood " 80 

** not specified, according to material. 
Trumpets. (See musical instruments.) 

Trusses of all kinds L. W. 1 00 

Tubes, crystal or glass G. W. 20 

Tubs of tinned iron •* 20 

" of tin " 20 

" of brass : •' 80 

** of zinc „ " 20 

" wooden, wash ** 80 

Types of wood, and other appliances for lithograping Free 

*' for printing « Free 

Turpentine (SpMtl of) " 10 

Tunny-flshin preserves !«. W. 26 

" salted, in brine, smoked or dried *' 12 

Tmbines of all classes Free 

Turning pins, iron, for pianos G. W. 20 

Tnfta of silk, or silk and cotton, or silk and wool, with metal adorn- 
ments, not gold or silver N. W. 6 00 

IT 

Umbrellas, cotton, each 60 

linen, each ^ 86 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



128-xl SPANISH-AMSBICAN KAMUAL. 

lUtseTDoty 
perKilognuD 

UmbrelUs, wool, MCh^....» ..^ m..~.^... ^ ^». .$ 1 flD 

" iiUk, or of silk mlzed with cotton, Unen or wo^,.«ll 

cUsnes, each 1 75 

Un4«r«lilrt8 for ladies, cotton knitting. N. W. 1 75 

" lor ladies, linen knitting „. •* 2 00 

•« for ladies, woolen knitting « " 2 20 

'* for ladies, silk or cotton or silk and woolen knitting... ** 7 00 

*« for ladies, silk knitUng.....^ «.....«..«...«.. " 36 00 



Vaccine Ttnis Pree 

Valeriantes of substances not specified L. W. 6 00 

Valises, leather or covered wiUi it G. W. 60 

" Cardboard, covered with cloths '* 45 

** wood, covered with straw '* 45 

Tarnishes of all kinds L. W. 18 

Vaseline, scented or not scented G. W. 96 

Vases of gold or silver. (See jewelry of gold or silver.) 
" of other materials. (8ee respective class of goods.) 

Vegetables, fresh «• 01 

'♦ preserved, pickled or dry L. W. 25 

Veils, cotton lace *• 6 09 

" linen lace " 9 00 

" woolen laces *• 8 00 

♦* silk, point or lace N. W. 16 00 

" silk and cotton silk, or wool and sUk ** 9 00 

" silk and cotton or wool with beads of imitation metal " 8 00 

" silk point or lace, with bead or metal trimmings '* 12 00 

Vests of cotton knitting, all sizes •• 1 10 

" of woolen knitting, all sises *' 170 

" woolen, knitted, for ladies and girls... ^ ** 1 40 

'* of other material. (See ready-made clothing.) 

Velvet, according to class and material. 

Velocipedes » ....G. W. 20 

Veneering of fine wood and for pianos " 02 

Veratrlne L. W. 16 00 

Vermicelli. (See alimental pastes.) 

Vessels or iars of crockery or porcelain G. W. 15 

" or lars of crystal or glass ** 20 

Vignettes for printing Free 

Violins. (See musical instruments.) 

Vinegar in wood N. W. 06 

*• in glass *♦ 11 

Visors, leather G. W. 80 



Wads, pasteboard, for firearms ^^.~. 45 

Wafers, all classes ,.. ** 75 

Wagons Free 

Wash-baains, metal, gilt or plated .^.« *• 1 .80 

'* iron, au classes " 20 

** crockery or porcelain ** 15 

" crystal or glass ** 20 

•• copper, brass or composition, all classes ; •• SO 

•* metal, nickeled. " 70 

. *• gold or silver. (See jewelry.) _^ 

•• zinc, all classes •* 2^ 

•• plaque ** 1 g 

" tin, all classes " » 

" leather •' 60 

•* pewter or white metal " 40 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMBBGS. Ii9*<n 

lUtc of Duty 
per KUognm 

W^i^Dg machines, wood G: W. 1 10 

Watches of gold for pocket, with or without precious stones, aad 

with repeaters, each * 14 00 

" etc., not repeaters, each ^. •♦ « 75 

'* of other metals, not specified, each " 50 

Watch works, without cases, repeater or other combination " 1 ao 

** works, without cases, with repeaters or other combination, 

each »• 6 00 

*• silver, not repeaters, each ** liD 

•• silver, repeaters, each ^ *' 6 00 

" gold, with or without (precious stones), not being repeaters 

each „.. " 6 75 

" gold, with or without (precious stones), also being repeaters 

each " 14 00 

W*ter for plating, Kilding or taking off stains L. W. 75 

** aromatic, mixed, distilled or spirituous, for the toilet or 

medical purposes •* 50 

" mineral, natutal or artificial *« 10 

" closets, according to materials. 

Wax, shoe N. W. 60 

** white, yellow or virgin " 50 

Weights, iron, for scales and steel-yards G. W. 20 

" brass, for scales and steel-yards ** ao 

Whalebone, polished or unpolished > " 30 

Wheat, and all grains and seeds not specified '* 05 

Wheelbarrow ofone or two wheels " 01 

Wheels, for carts " 15 

*' for carriages « " €0 

Whips, without gold or silver butts - '•' ^ 

** with gold or silver butts " 3 60 

Whiskey according to packages. (See aguardientes.) 

Whiting, Spanish „ Free 

White lead *• 10 

Wicks, cotton, for lamps - " 80 

** of wool, felt, for locomotive reflectors *• 30 

" cotton *• 16 

Windows, wooden " 30 

Wine, red or white, of all classes, in vessels of glass N. W. 20 

•• medicinal *• 25 

'* red or white, of all classes in the wood ** 12 

Wild marjoram G. W. 20 

Wire of brassor copper, in articles not specified ** 80 

'* of white metal, from number 20 up, of the Birmingham 

measure .- « ** 1 00 

*• .of white metal, up to number 19, etc " 40 

** of brass or copper, covered and prepared for the electric light, 
provided the wire is up to number 5 of the Birmingham 

measure Free 

" of brass or copper, lined with cotton, silk or other material... " 40 

" silver, with or without gilding ..N. W. 10 00 

•* iron or steel, in articles of all kinds G. W. 20 

•• iron or steel, for carding, from number 26 up ** 01 

*' iron or steel, galvanized or ungalvanized ♦* 10 

*' iron, with hooks and nails for fastening it to fences. Free 

" Iron or sieel lined with cotton cloth *» 15 

" iron, prepared for making artificial flowers ** 20 

•* iron, with clasps Free 

•' brass or copper " SO 

*• of gilded or plated metal ** 2 60 

" brass or copper, articles made of yellow metal, not gilded " 120 

*• teleffraph „ Free 

Wire-cloth, of iron wire, for fences *' 20 

** of tin or copper " 30 

Wood, worked in sets, for boxes Free 

. " fine,sawedin]ogs. beams, boards or planks -** 02 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IflO-Xlli 8PANISH-AMEBICAN MANUAL, 

tUteoTDutf 
perKUognm 

Woods, dye, in stloks or powder.; » JOt, W. | 006 

Wood, ordinary for building Free 

" worked ronghly for cart-poles or shafts '* 06 

** sawed in sheets .-. ** 80 

" cuttings of, to fill fumiture .«. Free 

" doth..:. " 80 

Wool, in fleece N. W. 13 

" carded " 90 

Woolen waste, of all kinds and colors. " 1 90 

" tissues of all kinds, weighing up to 100 grammes per square 

meter " 2 75 

*• from 100 to 250 grammes per square meter - " 150 

*« from 250 to 450 grammes per square meter " 3 00 

** from 450 to 600 grammes per square meter " 2 60 

" more than 600 grammes per square meter *' 2 00 

Worsted, of wool, with or without common metal *' 1 90 

*' of wool and silk with or without common metal *' 8 00 

Worm-wood, in bottles or barrels. (See rum.) 

Work on canevA (canvass) ** 75 



Zinc, in sheets « G. W. 07 

" in bars " 06 

" manufactured, in all classes, not specified *' 20 

In obedience to a decree of the President, there is leyied from and after 
February 1, 1880, an additional duty of 2 per cent, on the import duties, at all 
seaport and frontier custom houses. Tbis additional duty is to be applied 
ezclusiTely to the improvement of ports. In the zona libre it is levied on the 
intemation of the merchandise, not on its Importation into the zone, where 
it already pays 8 per cent. The government established, to be enforced from 
and after the 1st of November, 1880, the following duties: on fresh meat 10 
cents per kilogram; on each beef animal for market consumption, |6; on each 
hog, 12.85; on each mule, |2; and on each sheep, 85 cents. 

Supplement to the Mexican Tariff Mid Cnstoni 
House Be^alatlons 

An order of the Treasury Department of July 5, 1887, continues in force 
The circular of February 19, 1886, relative to permits for internation through 
the custom houses established within the Free Zone, of certain articles, such 
as carriages, horses and their harnesses, for the period of six months, with- 
out the payment of the corresponding duties, under the condition tbat said 
objects shall be returned to the zone within the time specified in each permit, 
otnerwise they will be charged the duties. The parties interested will be 
required to give bonds to the satisfaction of the collector. 

(jrder of the same office, September 21, 1887, corrects some errata in the 
printed tarilT. Fraction 827, gives net weight; should be gross weight, kilo- 
gram. 

Tocabnlary. 

Jackets, woolen, knit, for ladies and girls, fraction 86. should be 81. 

Glue and albuminous substances, fraction 463, should be 471. Qreuitine, 
fraction 468, should be 471. 

Mosaics for pavements, free, should be fraction 205 

Oxide of lead, fraction 4&8, should be 482. 

Perfumery (articles of), fraction 550, should be perfumery (articles of, not 
specified) fraction 550. 

President's Deeroe, October 30, 1887. 

Collectors of customs shall accept additions and corrections to manifests, 
provided they refer to poitUi which neither increase nor decrease the number 



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COMMERCE. 131-xliii 

of packages declared in the manifest; but when the interested parties fail to 
add or amend their manifests, and infractions of the laws occur, a fine will 
be levied ranging from one dollar to twenty-five dollars. 

President's Decree of December 6, 1887. 

The export duty on lumber for construction and cabinet work is to be 
reckoned in the number of tons the vessel can take, whatever be the number 
of tons of timber exported upon the vessel, provided that no other kind of 
merchandise is shipped on her at the port of clearance. When the vessel 
takes away, besides the lumber, other kinds of merchandise, the lumber will 
pay at the rate of |2 for each ton shipped on her. 

President's Order, December 28, 1887. 

Arlielea to he added to the lUl of goods free from duty, 

1. Bank bills or current Mexican money. 

2. Iron barrels or pipes, empty. 

8. Books, copving or writing, for primary institutes. 

4. Pipes or tubes of galvanized iron. 

6. Posts, cross-pieces, cramp-irons, stakes, insulators for telegraph and tele- 

8 hones, when the collectors become satisfied that they will be applied to 
lose purposes. 

Theie la an export duty on precious woods of |1.50 per ton, Mexican meaf- 
urement. It la collected, however small the quantity of wood taken by a 
vessel. 

iNtBBNAL TAx.~On the 29th of January, 1885, the national government de- 
creed the establishment of an *' interior-revenue-stamp tax," as follows: 

1. One-half per cent, on the value of all purchases and sales of merchan- 
dise, whether at wholesale or retail, wheresoever made in the republic. 

2. One-half per cent, on the value of the following: Of sales and re-aalea 
of country and urban real estate; of exchange of movable and immovable 

of mortga^^s; transfers of ^fts, under gratuitious or obligatory 

ea in a 



ntle;of collateral orbequeathed inheritances; of bonds, when executed 

public instrument; of rents of farms, when the rent exceeds |2,000 annually; 
of contracts entered into with the government of the union, with that of a 
state, or with any municipal government. 

8. Eight per cent, on foreign wines, brandies and liquors, and also, on the 
duties paid by them upon their importation, in addition to ^ per cent on re- 
tail sales. 

4. Three per cent, on the value of the sales made by manufacturers, pro- 
ducers, or store-keepers, on national wines, brandies, liquors, and also, at 
wholesale, remaining, besides, subject to the >^per cent, tax on retail sales. 

6. Manufactured tobacco, snuff, and national playing cards to be taxed as 
follows: Common cigars of the country, ^ cent, for every 80 grams or less. 
Cigani cut ofTat both ends, % cent for every 60 grams or less. Ferilla cigars, 
for every box of 25 to 60 cigsis, 10 cents. The same for every box of 61 to 100 
cigars, 20 cents. The same for every box from 101 up. For 600 cigars, 60 cents. 
Single cigarsfor 6 cents ^ cent; for every 8 cents, K cent Tobacco plug and 
snufr, for every 80 grams, 1 cent. Tobacco in shireds. for every 60 grams, 1 
cent Tobacco sifted or minced, for every 100 grams, ^ cent Foreign manu- 
factured tobacco pays double these amounts. 

National playing cards, for every package up to 50 cards. 2 stamps, includ- 
ing the two ends of the wrapping, 50 per cent upon the price of Bale at retail 
foreign cards double the above. 

6. Four percent upon the proceeds of passage on city railroads. 

7. Two per cent, upon the amount paid for entrance to every pnblle enter- 
tainment. 

Domestic products sold for export, and articles of chief neeesslty sold bf 
persons whose capital does not exceed laoo^ are exempted from the tax. 

Under the treaty of amity, commerce and navigation odstiiig 



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M MtAXaSO'AMEaiCAJX MANUAL. 

behreen the United States and Guatemala, the Teflsels of eitheif 
nation are admitted into the ports of the other on the same footing 
as national vessels. The coasting trade is reserved to the nationtu 
flag. 



traiunip tneir cargoes. 

Powder or other war material, or prohibited articles, mast not be landed 
without an especial permit. As a general rule, nothing can be taken in, or 
■ent ont, nor the vessel moved, without permisdon of tiae authorities. 

Port charges on vessels at Guatemalan ports: Anchorage fee |2, not to be 
levied in omer ports of the republic. From this tax are exempted ships of 
war, vessels under 25 tons register, or vessels putting into ports because of 
stress of weather, or damage, or of being chased by an enemy. Tonnage: 
ner ton register, 25 cents. Exempted are war ships and foreign vessels in bal- 
UBt, intending to ship native produce, even if they land 10 tons of goods: 
also vessels landing or transhipping precious n^etals in bullion or coined. 

a\>nnage and anchorage dues must be paid at the first-class ports, before a 
vessel can be allowed to proceed to a second-class one. The tonnage money 
caa'beoollected only once, though a vessel may visit several ports to com- 
plete loading or discnarging, unless she remains more than 80 day« at sea, In 
which case she must pay again on her return. Harbor master's fees: for 
each person of the vessel's crew, the master inclusive. 25 cents. 



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GOMMXBOB, 133-i 

TABifPorlMVOBTS.— Import duet are leyled upon nearly all mercbandite 
Impdrted In Gnatemala. They have varied from Ti to 102 per cent upon the 
aippraisement for merchandise in general; from 25 to 60 per cent, on tnreada, 
leather, carriaxes, pianos, etc.; 10 per cent, on machinery, books, and usefnl 
articles for public instraction, inonstry, and agriculture, fine iewelry and the 
like. On liquors, a tax is levied of 25 to 45 cents per bottle, of pure spirits of 
SOdegrees of Baum6 distilled in the country. 

Under Article XIII of a decree issued on May 29, 1886, for the conversion of 
the home debt, the increase of duties, 20 per cent., which had been ordered on* 
the 23d of October. 1885, was repealed. Article XIV of that decree provided 
that one-third of the duties shall be paid in cash, one-third in notes, payable 
al the expiration of two months from the date of issuing the notes; for the* 
other third importers are allowed a credit of six months. The export duty 
existing on domestic wines was abolished, together with all taxes which had 
been levied on home viticulturlsts and manufacturers of wines. This meas- 
ure was given twenty ycMs' duration. Another clause abolishes for ten years 
the octroi duties and the export duty on co£fbe, furthermore granting to cof- 
fee exporters a bounty of 50 cents a quintal, payable to them three months 
■ftertne date of shipment. On the other hand, a decree of July 80th, 1886, 
reestablished an extra duty of 15 per cent, on all goods existing in public 
warehouses, and thenceforth on all Imports. 

The port charges of a vessel in the port of San Jo84 are as follows : tonnage 
dues, & cents per ton; a ship of 1,200 tons is required to pay 17x0; license |5.S): 
use of pier. He; agency for transacting the ship's business, |82. The vessel 
must bring her ballast. Water is very dear and diflicult to get. 

GUATEMALAN TABIFF OF IMPORTS 

The importation of all kinds of merchandise, not expressly forbiddta' by 
law, is free to all flags without exception, whi^ever may be the port of depart- 
ure or the origin of the goods. 

The foUotoing arti^ may rwt he imported 5y private penotu: 

Apparatus for coining money; iron or lead balls, bombs, grenades, and 
other projectiles of war; cannons or pieces of artillery, carbines, rifles or mus- 
kets; obscene pictures, books, or objects, contrary to morals and good prac' 
tices; counterfeit money; nitrateof potash or saltpetre, In excesa of 25 pounds; 
nitroglycerine and dynamite; gunpowder of every kind, in excess of t^o 
pounoa; tobacco in leaf; tobacoo, manufactured, in excess of five pounds. 

Merchandise imported into the Republic is divided into six classes i 

1st.— Articles exempt from inu>ort duty. 

2d.— Articles paying 10 per cenl. 

3d.— Articles paying 25 per cent. 

4th.— Articles which are subjected to a duty of seventy per cent. 

5th.— Trade with the Republics of Central America. 

6fh.— Trade with the Mexican Republic. 

The valuations set forth in the tariiT form the baala forthecolleotioaof 
the import dues. 

The following artielet are free from duty: 

Barbed wire and its hooks, for fences; live animals, for breeding' purpoief 
or dissected; anchors and grirMInes; apparatus for generating carbonated- 
hydrogen gas; rice in grain; quicksilver; Doats, tackle, rigging and cordage, 
sails, chains, and other articleff useful for ships, and also for the use of the ports 
and lakes of the Republic; mineral ores; mineral coal; rye; Roman cement or 
hydraulic lime; diamonds and other precious stones not set; complete build- 
ings of wood or iron; effects imported for account of the nation, or of the 
municipaliUes, for the public service or for charitable institutions; efllscti 
Introduced for their own use by the foreign diplomatic ministers resident In 
the Republic, provided the proper reclprocitvis observed, and therequlre- 
ments of the fiscal code are duly complied witn; consuls and vice-consuls are 
not entitled to this privilege; baggage of passengers, comprising the objects of 
their personal .use and the needful instruments and tools of their respective 
profession, also furniture already used of persons, who come to reside In the 
country; common cases and covering of merchandise, when the dnty iinot 



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133-ii SPANISH- AMERICAN MANUAL. 

levied on gross weight; pig-Jron, or iron in masses of not less than 60 poundg 
weight; photographs and views of the country; parts of wrecked vessels and 
their tackle, ngging and other furniture, beans; Spanish peas; guano and 
other fertilizers; guides for mines; hay and other forage not specified: kilna 
and other instruments for the assay of metals; magnet; firebricks and cruci- 
bles for melting; fresh garden stufi*; books used; lumber; machinery, unknown 
in the country, and applicable to agriculture and manufacturing: Indiaii 
com; models of machinery and buildihffs. moulds for manufacturing flowers: 
samples of merchandise, the duty on which shall not exceed one dollar; gold 
and silver, bullion, dust or coined; potatoes; newspapers, loose or bound, up; 
exotio plants and their seeds; portraits belonging to families residing in the 
country; seeds of flowers, legunres or other things not specified in this title; 
useful articles for the piers at the ports; telegraph utensils. 

The following articles are subjected to a duty 0/ ten per cent on the 
amounts 0/ their original invoices : 

Axles, tires and wheels for wagons, carts, or wheelbarrows. 

Acids having application to the arts and industries of tiie ooantr7« noi 
included in the twifi^ of drugs and medicines. 

Barley. 
. Barometers. 

Barrel^:, pipes and empty casks. 

Bellows for forges. 

Boilers or kettles of iron or copper for sugar mills. 

Books, printed. 

Books, unbound, of caligraphy, drawings and mathematics for the use of 
schools. 
. Clocks for towers, their dials and bells. 

Cotton, raw, with or without seed. 

Counters of metal for checks in rural estates. 

Crucibles. 

Drawings or patterns on paper, for embroidering. 

Geographic charts or maps. 

Hair of rabbits or hares, for making hats. 

Hair, strong, from a horse's mane or tail. 

Hoops of wood or iron for barrels, or casks, etc. 

Hourglasses. 

Ink for printers. 

Instruments, useful for science, the arts and agriculture, not specified. 

Iron sheets for roofs. 

Jewelry, of gold, 0.600 fine, and of silver, 0.885 fine, at least 

Lasts of wood for shoemakers, blocks for wigs and hats. 

Lead, rough, or in plates or sheets for roofs. 

Letters and types for printing offices. 

liCvels 

Lightiiing rods and their utensils. 

Lumber fashioned for buildings. 

Machinery, for agriculture, mining and other arts, science and induBtrieSt 
and also loose pieces appertaining to such machinery. 

Marble, rough and unpolished. 

Mariner's compass, or sea compass. 

Masks, of wire, to work on bee-hives. 

Mathematical instruments, cases of. 

Mausoleums, or sarcophagi of stone. 

Measures, longitudinar. 

Moulds for making candles. 

Moulds for sugar loaves. 

Music, printed and in MS. 

Needles for knitting. 

Paper in sheets of 100 by 65 centimeters, at least, for printing offices. 

Pasteboard, hard ieartdnipiedra)^ or other invention for roofing. 

Patterns for tailors and dressmakers. 

Pipes of iron, lead or zinc, for aqueducts, gas, etc. 

Plate of silver, 0.885 fine, and of gold, 0.600 fine, at least, in either case. 

Ploughs of all kinds. 
' Poison for preserving hides. 

Presses, hydraulic, for making oil, or applicable to agricultural purpose!. 



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COMMEBCB. 



13^i|| 



IMntliig m«t6rlals, 

PulleyiB, or bloclui, of wood or iron. 

PampBy of iron, with or without ho8e» for mining, irrlgAtlag or i 
)Dg firei. 

itnBh. Jonqoille, straw, And palm-leaf for furniture Dr hati. ; 

Tar of all kinds. 

Teeth, artiflciaL 

Tabes of iron, lead, or sine, for aqueducts, for conducting gai, etflu 

Scales, platform, for weighing upward of 5,000 pounds. 
- Skeletons of matting or gummed cloth for manufacturing hata. 

Slate for roofing. 

Spheres, of all kinds, for study. 
' fitatues, of marble, natural sise for models. t 

Staves.' 

Stones, lithographic . 

Surgical instruments, oases of. 

Wagons or carts of all classes, with their furniture, except hamen. 

Watnkes, of gold, 0.600 fine, or of silver, 0.885 fine, atleast 

Wheat. 
>. Wheelbarrows of all kinds. 
' Wool, barded or uncarded. 
' -. Zinc, in bars. ' • 

The fc^Howing artieHes art subjected to am import duty of twenty-five per eent on 

their respective valucUiona: 

V 't Unity Valuation Doty 

Bteel, in bars or plates, unpolished Quintal 1600 180 

^Harmoniums,*. One 60 00 1600 

Harness, with silver settings, for two horses Pair 200 00 60 00 

^ ** with silver setting, for one horse One 80 00 2000 

! ** with or without setting, of common metal, for 

two horses Pair 80 00 2000 

" the same, for one horse One 82 00 SUO 

; «' lor wagons, carts and ploughs " 800 200 

Carriages, close^ with four wheels and high box, and 

• lined with silk inside " 800 00 200 00 

; •* same, without silk lining...:. " 600 00 125 00 

. " open, with four wheels, silk, lined inside •« 400 00 10060 

" without silk lining •• 80000 7600 

" of any class with two wheels ** 12000 8000 

«* common, of four wheels, with a wooden 

• • body for carrying passengers ** 200 00 60 00 

Patent leather, for shoes, pistol holsters, settings for 

carriages or other uses, including weight of the 

paper Found 80 20 

OAlfskins, for shoes or covering of carriages, with 

weight of the paper " 64 16 

Sheepskin, kid, morocco, chamois, buckskin, sole 
leather, tanned hides and other hides, without hair 

or varnish, not specified, with weight of the paper " 40 10 

Axlesandspringsfozcarriages, net weight ** 28 07 

Elastic of all kinds for shoes Yard 40 10 

TiD * " • .Quintal 1000 260 

■Thi ; or knitting, includ- 

case Pound 100 25 

m, crude or bleached, 

iight " 20 05 

SB weight *' 60 ViUi 

olors, gross weight.... ** 86 09 

Tin •« 06 IK 

Pita « One 70000 17500 

•• 40000 100 00 

- •• 80000 7500 

riple strings •* 28000 7000 

louble strings •• 10000 2500 

:.' single strings (monl- 

•• 8000 7 60 

8a|C lets of the country •• 20 05 



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433^V SPANISH-AMBRICAN "MANUAL. 

Art. 21.— The valuation of weiflrht is to be understood as net in the third part 
qI this section; and if this could not be rectified without injury to the sub- 
-HtMXkCtiBf tbe net weiirht given in the original invoices shall serve as basiib 

Art. 22.— Articles offiering doubt for their valuation, because of their sise, 
make, quality, or denomination, will be valued as articles similar to them. 

Art iS.— Articles not specified in tliis title, and having none similar, will 
pay 70 per centum on their chief value, according to the original invoices. 

TobacoOi manulactured or in leaf, can be imported only for government 
Private persons may, however, import manufactured tobacco, not ezoee^mg 
five pounds weight, paying thereon the duty specified in this tarifT. 

Tooacco can be manufactured solely in the national factories. 

Cigarettes may be freely manufactured with tobacco, sifted or cut, which 
has been purchased at the government warehouses or their agencies. 

Supplement to the Tariff of Imports 

Art h^TheSoUamimg arUcUi ore nOif^eted to a duty of twenty-Jtvepet^mUt 
on their vcUuation: 

Wire, of iron, common, for making nails or tack8» ^ ..Quintal fi2S 

Wheat, groM weight ** 88 

Art, »,''0n ate following artides is levied a duty of 9eventy per emt 
on their valuation: 

Unity Dvty 

'Oil, of oocoanut, cotton seed, se8ormum and similar ones Gallon |0 85 

Demijohns, of glass, with or without covers, gross weight Quintal 70 

' Nails, of all sixes, of iron, for all uses and for horseshoes, 

( grross weight - ** 4 20 

Lace, of cotton, gross weight Pound 1 Qb 

I ♦* of linen, gross weight " 210 

' Guns, of one barrel, breech-loading, with or without acces- 
sories. Ona 700 

" of two barrels, breech-loading, without a case or acces- 
sories. " 700 

" with case and accessories. : " 1400 

: Flowers, artificial .set up, with weight of cardboards and papers Pound 1 40 

'< loose,withtheweightof cardboards and papers ** 56 

{ Gauze, plain, of cotton, gross weight " 28 

Embroidered stripes or insertions of cotton, with the weight 

of cardboards and papers " 140 

** stripes of linen, with the weight of cardboards 

and papers " 2 80 

:0yringes of glass, with weight of case - « " 07 

Axes, gross weight Quintal 4 SO 

Lawn, muslin, percale, tarlatans, white cambric, of cotton, 

plain, gross weight Pound 42 

Paper, colored, for book-binding, glased or variegated, gross 

weight Quintal 420 

Cartes de visite, blank Thousand 1 40 

Ubeled.. Hundred 70 

Slates, of pasteboard or stone, with or without slate pencils, 

gross weight Pound D8U 

Lamps and cases " 2l 

Braid and cord, of wool, or mixed, with weight of the card- 
boards and papers *' 70 

'* and cord of silk or mixed, with the weight of the card- 

" boards and papers " 210 

Table service, gold or silver plated, or low gold or silver, net 

weSht " 140 

'* service, of pewter, Britannia ware, or similar ones, net 

weigh? « •• 85 

( I>rags and Medicines 

OU, codliver Gallon 66 

'< '* in bdttles containing as much as 8 ounces Dozen 70 

** *♦ in b6ctles containing as much as 16 ounces *• . • 1 40 



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n 



OOMMBBOE. 183-T' 

Unilar Daty 

Oil, oodliver, with Feniviftii bttrk and bittei" orftnfe of Bncmit 

or others, inhottles of aa much as KU>ancea Doteni | 2 80 

^ •< creaaoted, in bottles of aa much as 8 ounces *< 850 

** ]>ancreatIo of codurer, of Dufresne or others, in bottlei 

of as much as 12 ounces « ** 420 

•* narcotic, or still balsam » ».. Pomd 21 

•* essentia of melissa " 

" " of Cajeput « " 175 

X ** of Oura^ or bitter orange « ** 8 50 

•< " ofpatehoolL « »..(hmoe 70 

•• " ilang-ilang \ " 7 00 

•« ** ofporeeocnac ^ ** 70 

•* '* of pineapple, strawberry, cranberry and similar 

ones » Poond 1 75 

Acid, carboHc « " 28 

" flnorihidric « ** 70 

*« oxaUc " 

" sallcyUc •• 

" valerianic «• 42 

Bismuth, subritrate " 140 

Borax, refined or borate of soda «• V)% 

Bromide of potassium «. ** 86 

" of sodium «« 105 

•• of camphor •* 850 

Bugles, medicinal of Reynal Doian 42 

Cttbonate of potassium, impure ^....Quintal 2 10 

Carbonate of soda onrstalliaed. or crystal of soda ». *' 210 

Cigars, Indian of Grimault in boxes of 12 cigars ^ J>os. of bxi, 17^ 

Citrate of Caffeine Ounce 2 10 

Chloral hydratated ~.. Pound 1 05 

Chloride of lime Quintal 2 10 

Codeine » Ounce 2 80 

Glue, of fish « Pound 85 

cream of bismuth, in bottles containing as much as 4 ounces Dozen 4 20 

Diastase Ounce 280 

sUzir of bark, of Larroche, in bottles of as much as 10 ounces. Dosen 8 50 

•• *« <« •* «« 20 *• «* 6 80 

" of Soldo, in bottles of as much as 10 ounces ** 420 

" of cocoa, in bottles of as much as 12 ounces " 2 80 

** quina reeA, simple or ferruginous, in bottles of 

as much as 10 ounces '* 2 80 

** of jfiborandit in bottles of as much as 4 ounces ** 8 SO 

Plasters of thapsia, of 20 centimetres wide Metre 21 

firgotine Ounce 56 

Extract of buchn (Hembold's), in bottles of as much as four 

ounces « Dozen 660 

Purgative fruit, or Indian Umar, of Grillon, or of Julllen, in 

boxes of as much as 12 fruits Doz. of bxs. 2 80 

Glycerine ^ Pound 14 

Japanese drops, in bottles of H ounce ». j)oz. of btls. 2 10 

Goudion de Guyot, in bottles of as much as 12 ounces *' 2 10 

" of Grimault, in bottles of as much as 12 ounces " 140 

Sugar-plums medicinal Pound 2 80 

Granules of PapiUard, or some other, in bottles of as much as 

30 granules. » Dos. btls. 1 05 

lion, difuyzed, of Bravals, Grimault, in vials of 2 ounces " 8 60 

" dialyzed, of Wyeth, in vials of 4 ounces ** 8 5Q 

" of protoxalate of Girard, in vials of % ounce " 2 80 

*• perihloride » Pound 85 

** solution of Ueras, in vials of 8 ounces Dozen 2 10 

Ipecacuanha, in i>owder Pound 70 

Jalap, in powder •* 28 

Syrup, reconstitutinfft of lactophosphate of lime, of hypo- 
phosphite, or of iron, ih vials of as much as 8 ounces..... Dozen 2 80 

Lactophosphate of lime Pound 1 40 

Hoffman's anodyne ** 28 

Geneau's liniment, in vials of 10 ounces Dozen 7u0 



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133-Ti 



SPAinBH-AlfBBIOAX MAHUAL. 



Malt, extract of g«niiiiial»dterl«7 of Frommer, or Any otber, • . 

in bottles of 16 ounces...........^ Dosen S 6 69 

Nitrate of extrondana «.«^.....^................. ^ ^.. Found 14 

Oxalate of Cerio ~ «. .........«~ «« e so 

Pancreatine, of Defresne, in yials of ^ OHUce....» Dozen 420 

PasVilleB of santonine, vermifnge Pound ■ 4» 

" of ipecacuanha, gum, mallows, sulphur, tolu, mint 

and vIchy „ «* a 

Ayer's cherry pectoral, in bottles of 4 ounces Dosen 5 ao 

Pepsine, in powder „.... Pound 5 60 

f* in paste »• 700 

*♦ Bondault, vials of 1 ounce Dozen 7 00 

Nipples, of India rubber « „ Gross 2 10 

Pill«, Dr. Ayer's, Jayne's Indian. Radway's, Mofbt's, in vials 

or boxes oi as many as 86 pills Dozen 1 40 

PUoearpiTia and its salts Ounce 49 00 

Charcoal powder, of Belloc, in vials of 4 ounces Dozen 2 10 

Seller powder, Tarrant's aperitive, in vials of as miich as 4 

ounces : Dozen 4 90 

Pomade Galopeau. in pots of >^ ounce •• 105 

Priiriate of potassium ^ Pound 21 

Quillalla, Panama bark " 10}^ 

RoQt of aconitum, Colombo, yellow, gentian, angelica aq^ 

valerian ;. " loji 

" of arnica, pellitory of Spain, piony, common soapwort, 

turbfth and China " 21. 

*• of rhubarb, whole «. ** 49 

'*. " ini>owder .- •* 66 

Dr. Ayer*s fever-killer, in vials of 4 ounces Dozen 6 60 

Hall's Sicilian renovator, in bottles of 8 ounces ** 4 20 

Salicylates of soda and other substances, excepting those of 

quinine Pound 2 10 

Soda, caustic, common Quintal 2 8a 

Van Buskirk's Sozodont, in vials of 2 ounces.. , Dozen 4 20 

Sulphide of carbon Pound . 14 

Aniline, dyes of " 1 40 

Ultramarine, fine and common *' 14 

Valerianate of ammonia Ounce 70 

Vaseline or jelly of petroleum, vials of as much as 2 ounces... Dozen 1 40 

*♦ in tin cans «.. Pound 28 

Dr. Ayer's invigorator, for the hair, in vials of 4 ounces Dozen 4 90 

Wine of Peruvian bark, in bottles of as much as 10 ounces.... " 2 80 

Wine of Peruvian bark, in bottles of as much as 20 ounces..... *' 4 20 

Iodide of sulphur, iron and potassium Pound 2 10 

Art. 8d.— Merchandise expressed in the 1st and 2d articles had also to pay 
an additional duty of 25 per cent on their valuations during the 1st year from 
the date that the tariff went into operation (Sept 16, 1881); during the 2d year, 
two-thirds; and during the 8d year, one-third : at the expiration of the 8d year 
it was to cease altogether. From this additional duty were exempted all 
articles comprised in the 8d section, 2d chapter, 1st title of the fiscal code; 
empty bags for the exportation of produce of the country; manufactures and 
products of the republics of Central America, and those from the Mexican 
republic imported across the frontier. 

Every quintal of flour, native or foreign has to pay 20 cents lor the SHpi>ort 
Of hospitals in the republic. (Decree of President Barrios, Dec. 28, 1881). 

The following articles are subjected to a duty of 70 per centvm on their 
yalue, as appearing in the original invoices. Section V. PartL 

Belts of all classes, not specified. 

Bottle or liquor cases of all kinds. 

Cases empty, ladies' work-boxes, and card cases of aU kinds. 
. Clocks, for walls and tables, of metal, and watches of false gold or lIlTer. 

Frames of all sizes for portraits. 

Jewelry, imitation, not specified in the 2d part of the 6th Section. 

Music boxes. 

Musical instruments, not specified in the 2d part of this 5th Sectloxi. 

Paintings, or pictures of all kinds, with or without frames. 

Statuary, small, of any material, for adornment. 

Tombstones. 



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COMMERCK. 



133-vii 



T%e Following arUelet are iutt^Med to a duty of ieventyper cent on the 
mOmoHon eet upon them. Section V. Part II, 



JJMdnth, (See mm And brandy.) 

Aoooidlonit of more than ten tones, with bella or other 

j accessories m..~ «. 

( ** tame, without bells 

" with as many as ten tanes, with bells or 

other accessories. 

** same, without bells nor accessories 

Adaea. (Bee tp<ds, fine.) 

Albs, lace work or emofoidery 

** of cotton, muslin or lawn, with or without trim- 
mings ............... « 

Almonds, with the shell, gross weight.. 



Uiikr VatastiM iMr 



One 



without the shell, gross weight. ** 

4^paca, of wool, or mixed with cotton, plain, twilled or 
worked, black or colored, common, of as 

much as thirty-six inches In width Yard 

*' the same, between semi-flne and line. - '* 

" of wool and silk, black and colored, of as much 

as thirty-six inches in width ** 

(Ammunition, of lead, of all kinds, gross weight Pound 

Ammunition cases, of leather, horn or metal... Dosen 

*' or cartridges for breech-loading Hundred 

Antimacasares. (See laces.) 
Anvils. (SeOc tools, eommon.) 

Areometera, or liquor 'vreighers, of glass .» Dosen 

f ** saine, of metal m......m« ** 

Arrowroot and tanioca, gross weight Quintal 

Augers of all kinds. (See tools, fine.) 
dBacon. (See conserves.) 

Baise, of stamped wool, in pieces, gross weight « 

( " of ahag, plated or woven In pieces, eross weigrht.. *' 
of all coH>ra, of as much as sixty inches in width. Yard 



Balances, with a single P^^^with jprln|r> for counters, 

e,ol 

intei 

pounds, 



[gh as high as fifty lbs ! One 

[>f a single pli^, with a spring, for 



the same, oi a single plate, with a 
counters, to weigh more 



" or steelyards of platf<»m, to weigh as high as 

five hundred pounds. " 

" fhe same, to weigh as much as one thousand 

pounds „....„.... " 

** the same, to weigh as high as two thousand 

pounds , " 

" the same, to weigh as high as three thousand 

pounds f " 

** the same, to weigh as high as five thousand 

pounds ** 

« common, of two plates, all sizes, gross weight Pound 

** or steelyards, with drop or ball One 

Baloonies of metaL (See copper work.) 
*' of wood. ^See mouldings.) 

3idls, ivory, for billiards Pound 

** stone, wood, glass or composition, small, for 

children's play « Thousand 

Barrels fbr guns or pistols Gross 

Bass strings. (See cords for musical Instruments.) 

■Baths, or tubs, of tin or zinc, painted or varnished One 

i ♦• or washing tubs " 

Beds of .jubber for dishes or other uses, assorted sizes. ... " 

" the same, stamped or painted ** 

Beds of wood, tin, pasteboard, mat, painted, assorted 

sizes, for dishes or bottles „ " 

Bedspreads. (See counterpanes.) i 

Bed ucking, of cotton. (See manta.) 

.Beer or.ale of any-kind, in any vessel whatever. Bottle 



1150 
100 


70 


60 
SO 


42 
21 


1000 


700 


500 
10 
20 


•85a 

07 
14 


20 
80 


,31 


50 

10: 
800; 

100 


85 

07 

560 

70 


100 
300 
1200 


70 
210 
840 


15 
20 
40 


• 28 


400 


280 


600 


420 


800 


560 


12 00 


840 


4000 


2800 


6000 


42 00 


8000 

40 

500 


56 00 

■ 28 

850 


1000 


700 


300 
200 


210 
•140 


10 00 
400 
100 
200 


700 
280 


800 


21j) 


20 


14 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



133-rviii 



SPANISH-AMBRigAN MANUAL. 



Uplty V»] 

Bellofws, hand ^.. Down | 6(ib 

Bella of all sizes. (See copt>er work.) 

Belts-ef leather, or patent feather, common, with metal 

gamitnre, for sabers ♦• lOOO 

** with gold fringes on silk ground, with gilt garnit- 
ure for sabers and small swords ** 6000 

•* of leather, for pistols or reyolven „ h ,• y qq 

Biscuit, common, ordinary, gross w^ht •♦ 05 

Bits or bridles for horses. (See bridles.) 
Bitters or stomach bitters. (See liquors.) 

Blacking, in parts or liquid, for shoes, gross weight.:.... Found 10 
Blades of iron or steel, for planes and saws of all sizes. 
(See tools, fine.) 
" for machetes, with or without hafts. (See tools, 

common.) 
" for swords or sabers, without acabbard nor 

hilts Dooen 1000 

Blankets of wool. (See counterpanes.) 
Blonde lace. (See lace.) 

Boilers or kettles of iron, jmall, for domettio use. (See 
iron, manufactured.) 
" of copper or brass, small. (See copper, wrought) 

Boots of leather, or patent leather for men Pair 800 

^ of all kinds for riding on horseback *< 600 

Bolts of iron. (See iron work.) 
" of copper or brass. (See copper, wrought) 

Books, small, of paper, for cigarettes JOOO leaTOs 10 

** ** of false gold or silver for gilding, including 

the w^ht of the paper Pound 2 40 

" the same, fine quality ** SOO 

'* bound and unbound, blank, gross wMght *' 20 

Bottles, of clay or pewter. Dofen 8 00 

** of glass or metal, with or without covering, for 

traveling - . OQO 

" of common glass, for wine and liquors *• 80 

Demiiohns of glass, of all sizes, with or without cover- 
ing «« 8 00 

Brass, in sheets, plates, dust or bars. (See copper.) 
Brass or copper work. (See copper, wrought) 
Bricks of marble. (See marble, polished.) 

" of clay or crockery, glazed or not, gross weight..Quintal 60 

Bridles of iron or steel, without reins or halters One 100 

" the same, witii reins and halters. (The dtrty 
corresponding to these to be added.) 
Brocade, gold or silver cloth and tissue. (See damask.) 

B]x>oms, of straw, with or without stick Dozen 2 00 

Brushes, for the teeth,' handle of bone, common ** 40 

•* the same, handle of ivory or mother-of-pearl... •* 2 00 

** for shoes " 70 

' " for clothes «* 4 00 

• " for the head " 800 

•• forthenaUs •• 100 

" for lathering the beard «* 200 

" for scrubbing floors *• 100. 

" for horses " 200 

" for carpenters. (See tools, fine.) 

" of all sizes " IQO . 

•• of all kinds, gross weight Pound 10 

Buckets, of wood, painted Doz^n 400 

*' of tin or zinc " 6 00 

" of iron, of allkinds " 800 

Buckles, of iron, for carriages Gross 80 

" of steel, tinned Iron, copper or galvanized 

metal, for pants, vests or other uses " 1 00 

Bugle, 'gold or silver twist, small embroidery, spangle, 
n&t gold or silver thread, and similar utieles, 
imitation, gilt or silver-plated, with weight of the 
case ♦» . . 80 



Duty 

I4a» 

4200 
490 

0^ 



im 



IS 



07 

lea 

14 
210 

420 
210 



85 
70 



140 
28 

140 
49 

280 

210 

i2 



21. 
420 

TO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMERCE. 



139-ii;j 



Unity Valuation 
Btiglet. beads, granates, seed-glass beads, seed bugles 

Of glass or metal, Including the weight of the case. Pound 1 60 
Burin. (See tools, fine.) 

Burners, of i>aper or cotton, for smokers, gross weight.. Pound 80 
Butter dishes, of crockery. (See crockery.) 
** , of glass. (See glass.) 

••* of metal. (See table service.) 

Sutter, gross weight Pound 10 
uttons, of porcelain, including the weight of the paste- 
boards.. * .^Z.... " 20 

** of glassj including weight of the pasteboards... " 80 

** of bone, including weight of the pasteboards... '* 15 

" of mother-of-pearl, including weight of the 

pasteboards ** 40 

" af metal, including weight of the pasteboards.. " 100 

'* of silk. (See silk ornaments.) 
*• of wool. (See woolen ornaments.; 
'* of cotton. (See cotton ornaments.) 

'* of other materials Pound 160 

Cocoa, noss weight Quintal 700 

Calico, cotton. (See madapollans.) 

** Mianat or zarazas^ gross weight......^ Pound 40 

Qambric. (See lawn.) ». 

*' of silk for sieves, to 40 inches vride Yard 60 

Canary Seei" Quintal 800 

Candlei of Pound 10 



Duty 

loss' 

60 



07 

14^ 
21, 

7(h 



105, 
490 



85 
560 

m 



Candletticl 



Doi. 



tne same, to is mcnes, for two iignts '* 

of metal, gilt or silver-plated, or of plaque, 
plain or worked, for more than 
two lights. They will be valued, 
charging one-third more than the 
preceding valuation for each light 
in excess of two, according to its 
. class. 

the same, or large ones for churches, ex- 
<!eedine 18 inches in heigh|, for 
one light Pair 

the same, of upward of 18 inches in height, 

for two lights " 

the same, for three to five lights " 

large, with foot of porcelain, crystal, stone 

or metal, of two lights •' 

the same, for three to five lights ** 

the sam«, for upward of five lights ** 

of crockery. (See crockery.) 

of glass. (See glass.) 

of tin plate. (See tin, manufactured.) 

of iron. (See iron, manufactured.) 



500 


860 


1000 


J» 


2000 


1200 


840 


24 00 


16 80 


8000 


2100 


1500 


10 5(/ 


20 00 


140(V 


80 00 


2tGe 


2500 


17 60 


86 00 


26 20 


4500 


8160 



500 850 



700 
10 00 

300 
700 
10 00 



490 
700 

210 
49(1 

70O 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



tsd^x 



SPANISH- AMERICAir MANUAL. 



ITttity ValuatiM 

CUmdleitlcks of tin or lead. (See tin^ worked.) 

• •* of latten, copper or brass. (See Copper 

work.) 
** of white metal or (German silver (See 

table service.) 

" of tin plate, filled with chalk Doi. | IMX> 

*• of latten or brass. (See copper, wrought) 

" of white metal " SOO 

Canvass, of cotton or linen, for embroidering, having as 

' much as 86 inches in width Yard Qi 

Caps, bonnets or coifs, of cotton. (See lace.) 
• . *• " of wool. (See woolen ornaments.) 

*• . " of silks. (See lace.) 

Caps for fowling-pieces or pistols Thovsand 

Capers. (See conserves.) 

Cards, for visiting Hundred 200 

" (See playtnR cards.) 

Carpets^ made of shag, gross weight „ Yard ^ 

Cases with tools for carpenters. (See tools, fine.) 

^ *» or chests of iron, of every kind, gross weight Pound 10 

Cashmerei of wool, pure, or mixed with cotton, common, 

to 80 inches in width Yard '40 

*• the same, to 60 inches in width •« OCT 

" of wool, pure or mixed with cotton, semi- 

* fine, to 80 inches wide « «* 70. 

'' •* the same, to 60 inches ** 160 

•* of wool, fine, to 80 inches *' .180 

" the same, to 60 inches •* 2 60 

" of wool, superfine, to 80 inches «* 1 60 

" of wool, superfine, to 60 inches *• 800. 

Cassinettes and mixed cloth, of wool and cotton, plain, 

to 80 inches in width " 80 

i *• the same, to 60 inches ** 60 

Chiunber-pots of all kind of metaL (See table service.) 
' •* of aU kind of tin (See tinware.) 

■J ** of Britannia metal. (See table service.) 

^ ** of all kind of crockery or porcelain. 

' (See crockery.) 

*' of all kind of glass. (See glass.) 
Chanderliers, of metal, gross weight Pound 40 

* ** of glass or crystal, gross weight. « " 20 . 

Chocolate, in paste, with weight of the case " 60 

** in pastilles or conflts. (See paatlUes.) 
Chasuble, of any silk material, pure, or mixed, without 
^ either embroidery, or stones, and with 
( common lace One 1000^ 

'* of lustring or brocade, without brocade or 

stones, and with false lace " 15 00 

" the same, with embroidery, fine or false 

stones, and fine lace " 40 00 

Chains, of brass. (See copper work.) 

" of iron. (See iron, manufactured.) 

Cheese, gross weight Pound 10 . 

Chisels. (See tools, fine. ) 

Cigar cases, of jipijaha, common ones Dozen 1 00 

< ** the same, semi-fine ** 2 00- 

•' the same, fine „ «* 400 

' *• of leather «« . 160 

' " of rubber, paste, or any other material not 

specified :.. «« 160 

' *' of mother-of-pearl, tortoise-shell, or metal ** 2 00 

Cigarrettes, of paper or com husk, with weight of the 

i. case Pound 7 00 

Cigars, with weight of the case ;.. '• 700 

Cinnamon, weight of the bag. ** 60 

" bastard, weight of the bag " 80 

Clasps, of metal, assorted, for cloaks Gross 2 00 



Pm^. 



|8§t 

..42 

^140 

21 

28 
68 

49 

, 105 
, 91 
.182 
. 105 
.2 W 

21 
42 



28 
14 
35 



700 
1050 
2800 

07 

70 
140 
280 
112 

105 
140 

490 

490 

85 

21 

140 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMXBCH. 



133-xi 



ClMpt, or ciDtohMof wiie ol any oIms, with weight of 
t. . thecftse » 

" (See hooks and eyes.) 
Cloaki, of cloth, with or without cape, lined with wool 
(. '. .occc^ton, or not lined 

" the same, with silk lining. „ 

<« paletds or ponchos, waterproof or with rubber. 
I ' with or without hoods and thighs, usual 

quality 

'* the same, of superior quali^ 

** or protectors of any silk material, for women... 
Cloth, of wool, or eloth for ladies, to 62 inches in width. 

" of wool, or mixed with cotton, common, to 62 

inches wide ». 

< • " the same, semi-fine 

" of wool, fine 

*• the same, superfine 

' ** ^e same, to 72 inches wide 

** for summer, or grano de oro, to 86 inches wide..... 
. ** of heaver, for overcoats, to 82 inches in wldth.^.. 

" of silk, for sieves. (See cambric.) 
(. - 1* of copper -Wire. (See copper, wrought) 

" of iron. (See iron, manufactured.) 
Cotrse friese, imitation of the native, woolen or of wool 

' and cotton, to 86 inches vrlde 

CkMiting of all colors, of as much as 60 inches In width... 

Cocks, for.pipeffand barrels. (See pumps.) 

Co£RDe pots, of tin. (S e tin, manufactured.) 

f : **'. of white metal or Qerman silver. (See taUe 

( . ; iervice.) 

Coletoi of linen, pure or mixed, of as much as 86 inches 

f wide* 

• *^ of cotton. '(See madai>oUan8.) 

Cloves, spice, gioM weight 

** spice, groood. gross weight 

Collars, of cotton or linen 

*' same, embroidered, for women 

'* of leather, for dogs 

" of metal, for dogs 

Combs, of wood, horn or rubber, for picking wool 

'- ' ' ' " r ivory.... 



Unity 


valuation 


Duty 


Pound 


1060 1085 


One 

«4 


1600 
8000 


10 60 
2100 


« 
t< 

Yard 


400 
600 
10 00 
100 


280 

420 

700 

70 


If 

M 
« 
ft 
<f 
M 


100 
160 
250 
800 

260 


70 
106 
175 
210 
280 

21 
176 


ft 
(1 


60 
70 


16 
49 



Yard 

Pound 
It 

Doien 



l^e same, of tortoise-shell or ivory 

** of wood, horn, bone or rubber, fine-toothed. »m. 

" the same, of ivory or tortoise-shel] 

Compasses, of itOn. (See tools, fine.) 

*' of copper or brass, (dee copper, wrought) 

Comyn seed, gross weight 

Conflts. (See pastilles.) 

Conserves, of meat, fish, vegetables soups, sauces, 
pickles, sausages, hams, bacon, olives, 
capers, etc., with vessels of clay or 

wood, gross weight 

CoBserVM, the same, in other vessels, gross weight 

Copper, in bars or plates, gross weight 

' r wrought into nails, candlesticks, with or with- 
out handles, rings, chains, bells, horse- 
^ ' shoes, and in pieces for domestic use, or 

< . others not specified 

Coral, unmanufactured, gross weight 

( ** wrouffht, sparkling or cut iuto beads or neck- 

t laaea, with weight of case 

Corded lilk. (See trimmings. ) 

Cork, of all kinds,'gro6S weight 

Cofksciewa* common, with handle of wood, iron, bone, 

horn or any other material 

•• with Spring 



Qroto 
Dozen 
GroM 
Doien 



10 
80 
100 
600 
200 
400 
600 
800 
800 
120 



Pound 10 

15 

Found 10 



40 
400 

1000 

80 

10» 

400 



. 07 

07 

21 

TO 

860 

140 

280 

420 

210 

210 

84 



Quintal 800 660 



07 



28 
280 

700 

21 

280 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



13S-xii 6PANI8H-A»f«|UOAM* MANUAL. 

Valty VataatiM Ottf 
CorksoiewB, of iron, that eiQ§9^^-,;^.,.^-m„»..:»u,i,^, DoMii | IM M'TO 

Corsets and stars, of all kinds and sizes - *' 10 00 7 00 

Cots, or beds of brass. (See copper wotk.) 
<« or beds of iron, with ornaments of metal or brass, 

gross weight Quintal 1500 1000 

« or common iron beds. (See iron, manmfaotared.) 
Cotton, prepared for wadding, for lining clothing ana 

other uses *• 20 14 

'« yelvet, satin, Canton flannel, white or colored, 

oofiiZto, beaver, diablo fuerUf piiUn or * 
twilled, of cotton. (See cotton diilL) 
Counterpanei and blankets, of wool or cotton, to the 
width ox two'imrai in width, com« 

mon : Oa» 80 85 

•* the same, semi-fine^. . .. •• 70 40 

•• the same, fine «• 100 70 

** the same, of mpward of two varas wide, 

common « «.. " 70 40 

** the same, semi-flne '* 100 70 

•• th» same, fine " 150 106 

** network, of cotton, with weight of the 

case - PomiA 200 140 

" network, of wool, with weight of the 

case '• 8 00 21* 

COTon, for letters. (See envelopes.) 

** opnsistingof knife and fork, common, handleo 

of wood, horn, iron or bone ».. Doaon 1 00 70 

* ' the same, fine, handles of ivory, motherof-pearl 

orplaau6 » , ». ~.« <»... *' 400 280 

" carving knife and fork " 6 00 420 

** consisting of spoon and fork, of wood or horn, 

for salad •• 200 140 

* the same, of ivory ^^ ** 600 420 

** of lead, for bottle stoppers ».Tlto«ifaiid 2 00 1 40 

" of cloth or felt « «. Doaen tOO 860 

Covering, of leather, for fowling-piece '* 600 420 

** the same, for revolvers or pistols '* 800 850 

Crape, of silk, to 26 inches wide Yard 40 28 

Crape or silk veiling, of all colors, worked ** 80 21 

• '^ black, of narrow cotton, for mourning ** 15 lOUi 

Crayon, black or colored, for painting ^Otobi 80 50 

Creas of linen, pure or mixed with cotton, bleached, 
unbleached or striped, common and semi- 
flne, to 80 inches wide Yard 50 85 

" the same, to 86 inches wide -.. •* 25 11% 

'* the same, fine and superfine, to 80 inches wide.. '* 160 19 

'* the same, to 80 inches wide ** ; 50 85 

** of cotton, striped, for mattresses. (See manta.) 
" of cotton, white. (See madapoUans.) 
Cregttela. (See osnaburgs.) 
CravatSj of pure silk, with weight of pasteboards and _ 

papers Doaen 800 660 

** of mixed silk, with weight of pasteboards and 

papers... " 400 280 

" of wool, pure or mixed, with weight of paste- 

boards and papers ......«.« " 200 140 

. ** 'tflinen, with weight of pasteboards and papers ** 150 105 

-. « of> cotton, with weight of pasteboards and ' 

papers « ** 100 70 

OfPOkenri ^mmon, gross weight « Quintal 6 00 4 20 

" semi-flne, gross weight « •* 800 * 660> 

• '* fine, or imitation of porcelain, gross weight.^ " 1200 *4(k 

" or porcelain, gross weight ** 2000. MOOr 

I aad medals of latten, tin or composition, to % 

i inch long Qwm» 35 24}i 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMHEBCE. 133-ziU 

Unity Valuation Duty 

, fbtt flame, to IH inches long »^. ^..^ Grow I Q 70 | Q « 

the same, lar9«r„ ^ « IW iA 

- : **^ «l fold or silver. (See jewelry, flue.) 
Crow-hars. (See tools, common.) 
Cimt-itaiids, of German silver, coppcar, hfass or any 
other metal, plain , with four to seTen 

pieoes. « One 800 210 

♦• the same, worked ** 6Q0 4 20 

** of wool or papler-mach6, of two to four 

pieces " 100 70 

" tiw same, of five to seven pieces ** 200 140 

CiQpptnof leather, for saddles Dozen 500 3 60 

Crystal ware. (See glass.) 

GtuRi of cotton or linen, formen*s shirts Dos. pain 2 00 1 40 

Cttttera«l steel, for glass «» 2 00 1 40 

Corry-comhs, of Iron ».. Dozen 200 140 

Cnrtains, of muslin or lawn. (See lawn. ) 
t* Qf iaca f See lace ) 
**^ of crochet, or network of eotton. (See lace.) 

Daggers of two edges, without sheaths. One 2 00 1 40 

^ same, wiQi sheaths ** 800 210 

Damask of wool and silk, or mixed with cotton, for up* 
holstering furniture, or other uses, to 28 

Inches in width Yard 80 66 

» ntne, double width " 160 112 

** or brecatei of silk and cotton, visible ground or 
designs of silk for curtains or other uses, 

to 86 inches wide •• 160 112 

** «r brocade, of only silk, for the same uses as the 

preceding, to 86 inches in width ** 240 168 

** of only silk, for dressed or other uses, to 86 

inches wide " 160 112 

**^ or brocade, gold or silver cloth, or tissue of 

cotton embroidered, or woven with 

thread of false metal, to 86 Inches wide. ... *• 1 0(r 70 

** ' the same cloths of silk, embroidered or woven 

with thread of false metal, to 86 inches 

wide.......^ « " 2 00 140 

'* the same embroiderod or woven with thread of 

flue metal, to 86 inches wide ** 400 280 

** of wool, or mixed with cotton, of all colors, 

to 28 inches in width •* 85 24^ 

** of wool, or mixed with cotton, of all colors, 

double width " 70 49 

'* germaniq of cotton. (Bee madapollans.) 

" white or $;ermanic of linen, or with mixturo of 

cotton, to 86 inches wide *• 40 28 

DiamdidB. mounted for glass-cutting .^^ ** 1 00 70 

Dishes or flaskets of metal. (See table service.) 
" of glass. (See glass, hollow.) 
" of crockery or porcelain. (See crockery.) 
DoUs of all kinds. (See toys.) 

Dzawert of cloth or knitted, of cotton .«...• *' 400 2 80 

•• or knitted, of wool •• 6 00 4 20 

" ' of linen, pure or mixed •« 8 00 5 60 

•* of silk, puxe or mixed *• 2000 1400 

** foryoutM. (One-half the duty will be levied, 
according to material.) 
Dress coats of broadcloth or cashmere, without em- 

' broidery, for the military One 1000 7 00 

'* ' the sa;mc, with embroidery of gold or silver '* 40 00 28 00 

Sressetfsiade for children as old as two years, and jaJticM 
for babes. (See borders.) 
•• 'made of any cotton cloth, with or without 

trimmings, for women '* 1500 10 oO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IS^zir 



8PANI8H-AMBBICAN MANUAL. 



Wttf 
ItaiMMiOl any woolen cloth, with or without trim* 

mings, for women. ....» Ona 

** the Mine, of any silk cloth, with or without 

trimmings^ ^ " 

** ready made, for children to the age of 12 years, 

wiU i>ay one-half of the duties above speo- 

ifled, according to class. 

*' of any cloth, cotton or linen, with or without 

trinunings for children to the age of 8 

years 

*' the same, of wool, pure or mixed, common....... 

*' of broadcloth, cashmere, or any other woolen 
cloth, fine, for children to the age ol 8 

years ...,. " 

" the same, for boys, to the ago of 16 years. (WiU 
pay double the duties above fixed accora- 
^ ,„ lug to class.) 

Drill^common, for dresses. (See Russia sheeting.) 
'* of linen, or mixed with cotton or hemp, white or 

colored, to 86 inches wide, common.. Yard 

" the same, without mixture of cotton, semi-fine " 

" the same, with mixture of cotton, fine ** 

" of cotton, white or colored, gross weight Pound 

J)^ck of Linen or cotton, gross Quintal 

Xmeril, in dust for silversmiths '* * 

Enamel, in sheets, with weight of the case Pound 

" prepared for embroidery and other uses, with 

Envelopes, *• 

EstabOn (in 

Dozen 
" of 
Estribillas, < 

Extinguidii " 

«* f< 

Eyeglasses, 



common 'f 

«• the same, fine " 

** the same, of four common glasses................. '* 

** the same, fine „ •* 

" with wire gauze, for travelling « " 

** or lenses, with only one glass, handles of 

horn or buflUo " 

*' the same, with handles of ivory, mother-ot 
pearl, tortoise-shell, or metal, gilt or 

plated „,. " 

« monoculous, of motherK>f-pearl, tortoiao- 

Bhell, ivory, or metal, gilt or plated. . . OOA 
** monoculous, of mother-of-pearl, tortoise* 
shell, ivory, or metal, gilt or plated, 

double, for the theater " 

*• the same, fine " 

** ' ' for long distances, of all sizes " 

Eyelets, of metal, for clothes or shoes, including the 

weight of the case. Pound 

Fans, of ivory Dozen 

" of paper ., " 

" of other materials *' 

Feather dusters, including handles, to 18 inches long... . " 



$304)9 



I21M 
MOO 



700 
1000 



490 
700 



2000 UW 



15 

20 
80 
80 
2800 
.20 
210 


21 

21 

•1)00 

' 14 

168 


25 


•2 80 


200 


140 


100 
.60 


70 
• 85 


40 


28 


200 


140 


600 


8^ 


ioo 

500 
200 
500 
800 


70 
850 
140 
860 
210 


200 


140 


600 


850 


200 


140 


400 
600 
600 


280 
420 
850 


2400 
200 

1200 
800 


• 85 
16 80 
140 
840 
210 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



flints. liSke i 
|1orida%rater 



COMMSBCE* 133-Zl^ 

TtalOkt^ diuten, the mmt, to 24 inche8.»««....«»..,..^.^..... Boien | 6 00 | 8 M 

'* 'doBters, the smme, larger t ** iOO - D^ 

Fin. (9ee Fruits.) 

rilaUa, W wool, to 80 inches wide •• 20 14 

Files 01 iron or steel. (See tools fine.) 

Fillets ctf Latten for carriages. (See copper wrooght.) 

Filters dl ^larcoalfor water „ " 410 280 

Firecrackers. Chinese and other kinds of fireworks, 

' gxSssweiglit ^.. " 80 21 

Fish. (See conserres.) 

FishlnrHooks, of all sises, with the weight of the case. *' 80 21 

flanner, of wool or mixed, to 80 Inches^ wide Tazd 26 17>4^ 

t^e same, to GO inches wide *• 00 8( 

iss. * iSee glass hollow.) 
— ««„ ^.^ J stones.) 
lorida water, lavender, and any other aromatic water* 

(SMi^erfamery.) 
Flounces. (See tassels.) 

Flour, gross weight Quintal 2 60 1 75 ' 

F^our paste, in the. form of vermicelli, macaroni, 

^ mUsena, etc., gross weight Pound. 06 08^' 

llower-pots, of crockery or porcelain. (See crockery.) 

" of glass. (See glass.) 

Jlcrweri artificial, set up or not, with weight of the case. " 1000 700 

Foils of iron, for fencing « Dozen 1200 840 

Forks, of tinned iron or pewter Gross 800 210 

' " OT white nleta], or galvanized. (See table service.) 
Fowling-pieces, percussion, common and semi-fine, 

^ wMoneiarriel One 260 175 

'* the samcj double-barreled ** 500 860 

*• • percussion, fine, one barrel ** 600 420 

'* Uie same, fine, two barrels ** 1200 840 

*• one barrel, breech-loading, with or 

without accessories „ " 2000 1400 

•* the same, double-barreled « •* 8000 2100 

Fringerl (See trimmings.) 

Frockcoats, of broadcloth, cashmere, or any otherwoolen 

material *« 10 00 7 00 

'* of any kind of cotton or linen stuiT. " 260 175 

Fruits, preserved. (See conserves.) 

•• fresh, gross weight Pound 05 0^ 

" dry. such as raisins, prunes, etc., gross weight..... ** 10 07 

Funnels, of tin. (See tin manufactured.) 

" of copper or brass. (See copper wrought.) 
Furniture, of wood, upholstered with silk or haircloth, 

gross weight •• 60 85 

•* of wood, upholstered with wool or cotton 

cloth, grosR weight *• 80 21 

" * without upholstering, put up, or in pieces, 

■ gross weight •* 25 

Furs.foif caps and: other uses, gross weight «..« •• 1 00 

• '* or -sheepskins, tanned, white or colored, gross 

weight " 70 48 

(Rafters tshoes), of all kinds with elastic, for men... Per pair 2 60 1 75 

'* without elastic, for men ^ 160 105 

' " bf silk, with or without elastic, for women •• 2 60 176 

•• bf cloth or leather, for women *• 160 112 

'* and. shoes, low of all kinds, for children, of as 

much as 17 centimeters inside *' 40 28 

<* • and shoes, low, for young ladies, to 22 centi- 
meters long in the inside ** 80 68 

. •• ^d shoes, low, for boys, to 23 centimeters long 

inside " JO 88- 

Qalpons, or thread of false gold or silver, with weight of * 

the case Pound 400 280 

** the same, fine, with weight of the case ^ " 1200 840 



'"^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



m-xvi 



BPANISH-AMXBICAN MANUAL. 



fliOMi, domlnods, picfcdti of bone uid wood 
^ *• tne same, pieces of Ivory 

- lotto, in pasteboard boxes 

•* •* in wooden boxes „ ^. 

** draughts, checker-board of pasteboard «.....^ " 

•• ^ board of wood „ ». " 

** thess, pieces of wood, bone, paste, or any other 

material not specified ^............ Out 

** the same, pieces of ivory, checker-board to S 

inches » ^^^..„.,„„^ ** 

** the same, checker-boards larger than 8 lnohea«. '* 
temets pf glass. <See beads.) 
Garten of nlk, pore or mixed , 




tlie same, small for children.... 

of wool or cotton*.........^.......... 

«< the same, small, for children........ 

Germanio of linen. (See Damask.) 
*« e of cotton. (See madapollans.) 

Girdlss. (See Belts.) 

Girth of cotton for saddles .......................^.....^Gn. of pza. $ 

" same of wool or hemp ** 

Glass, hollow, common, in table service pieces, s«ch as 

tumblers, goblets, bottles, etc., gross weight Quintal 12 €f 

** the same, semi-fine and fine, gross weight *' 18 (v 

<* plaiii, of every color and sise, gross weight............ " 4 ^ 

'* for watches » Dosen 

Glass plates. (See mirrors.) 

Gioyes of skin, common » Dos. palra 2 8# 



19 



the same, or gauntlet... 

*« oi kid, or other fine skin ., «* 

** ol buckskin, stuifed with horsehair, for fencing 

or ball-playing....................» ** 

•« gllkknit. .„ « " 

*• of wool «.. " 

«* of cotton « " 

** for children (one half the du^ will be levied 
according to class). 
Gold and silver cloth. (See Damask.) 

** in cakes for gilding. (See Books.) 
Grapes, fresh. (See fruits, fresh.) 

'^ 4ry. (See fruits, dry.) 
Grease. (See fat.) 

Gridirons for domestic use. (See iron manufactured.) 
Grinders of steel. (See tools, fine.) 
Grinding; stones. (See stones.) 

Gros, levantines, satin, moire, tafifety, and other kinds 
of mixed silk, not specified, to 36 inches wide, 

single class Yard 

'* same stuflls, double class " 

** the same, of pure silk, single class, to 80 inches..... ** 

*' the same, double, superior *' 

Guards, inlaid work, or embroidelred stripes of cotton or 

linen, with weight of the pasteboards and papers.. Pound 
Gurbicu. (See tools, flue.) 

Halters of nide, common, with single reins Dosen 

" the same, with double reins « « " 

'* the same, with plates or other ornaments of 

metal, single reins " 

the same, with double reins ** 

(See conserves^ 



400 
808 

1008 
800 
250 
100 



Hams. ,, 

Hammera. (See tools, due.) 



Handkec^efs, of eotton. g^oss weight 

•* a^ of pure silk, to 40 inches, with weight of 



weight Pound 



the Cftse 
of silk mixed, to 40 inches, with weight 

q£ the case • 

of muslin or lawn," of cotton, gross 

weight 



210 
SAO 

840 

1260 

280 

2i 

175 
280 
210 

700 

210 

175 

70 



40 

70 

70 

140 


28 

49 

n 


600 


420 


1000 


490 
700 


1500 
1800 


10 50 
12 60 


50 


85 


600 


420 


800 


210 


50 


85 



Digitized by VIjOOQIC 



Unity ValottfM Dutf 
HfuidkeichleiSrOf mad«pollan or jean of cotton, fioM 

' wefeht «. Pound |«4B 1^91 

of cotton, bandanna cloth, 8erge*lik6, 
imitation of »ilk, peliaecUea, and 

similar ones, grou weight " W i5 

' : '* of linen, white or colored, to 80 inches 

longycommon Dosen 8M 146 

«f (he same, fine •• 1 00 2 10 

«< the same, mixed, will be valued by one- 

ball, according to their class. 
^ of cambric or Swiss linen, pure, plain, 

or embroidered, with or without 

lace -- ftOt 49 

*' (he same, mixed, half the duty of the 

preceding dass. 
f* of point lace, of cotton. (See lace, 

cotton.) 
*' ttie same, of silk. (See lace, silk.) 

Buidlerorltalts of toitoue-shell, moth^rof -pearl, tforj 

or metal OiMl 4 00 S 10 

" of crockery, glass, or porcelain for doors,. 

trunks, etc 7. .V^ Dom tm S 30 

** the same, of copper or brass. (See copper 

wrought) 
** of iron or other metal, fot trunks or doori. 
(See iron work.) 
Hannottlca. (See pocket yiolinets.) 
Hats, imitation of straw or feather-grass, without trim- 
mings, to 22 inches in circumference InsldA 

of the crown " 8S0 IM 

" the same, with trimmings: ** « 00 4 ao 

<* the same, of straw or any other material, un- 

trimmed « ...» «.. «• ftOO 1 60 

•• the same, trimmed " 900 080 

** of straw, or imitation, without trimmings of moro 
than 22 inches in circumference inside t^6 

crown « •• 000 4 20 

** the same, or of any other material, trimmed " 18 00 12 60 

*' of silk, cotton, vicuna or beaver, of over 22 inchea 

in circumference inside the crown... ** 1500 1060 

" high crown, cylindrical, covered with silk plush 

or imitation « •• 2200 1540 

" of felt or wool common, of upward of 22 inches in 

circumference, inside the crown *' 600 4 20 

•• the same, semi-fine •• 1000 7 00 

" the same, fine «.. •« 1500^1050 

" of cotton plush, vicuna, beaver, felt wool, or high 
crowned, cylindrical, to 22 inches in circum- 
ference inside the crown, will pay half the 
duties above set forth, according to their 
class. 

** the same, of reed or Jipijapa, common ^ 00 . 6 80 

- *• the same, semi-fine «• 2000 1400 

*' the same, fiae and superfine *' 4000 2800 

Hatchets. (See tools fine.) 

Hawkshells or rattles. (See copper work.) 

Headstalls or martingales of aukinds.... ^^...^^Ooieft ^ 104)0 7 00 

Hides, tanned. (See hides.) 

Hinges. (See tools, iron.) 

Hinges of iron or brass. (See iron work.) 

Hoes. (See tools, common.) 

Holders, gilt or plated, with or without omamentflrfog 

curtains. (See copper, wrought.) 
Holland linen. (See Irish goods.) 
Hooks of iron for clothesracks. (See iron manufd.) 

" the same of copper or brass. (See copper work.) 
HopSrgross weig^...... Quintal 1500 1060 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



t^drxyiii spanish-ahvjuoan manual. 

. .. ' UnHf 

Horseshoefl. (Seeiroamanufd.) 

Hupmnj^^ii^ a&manulactttred. »..,,. Povuid 

'^ or its Citation, manttfactoiedy with ■ 

weight of the case " 

Ink, fovwriting, gross weight PomUl 

" India, in paste, gi^osa weight '* 

*/•' indeUble, |or marking , i.i..i,,.^» •• 

Ii^sertion. (See trimming.} 

Irish goods, pure linen or mixed with cotton, to W . i 

inches wide, common u^ Yard 

" the same, semi-fine and fine ;........... ** ^ 

'* of cotton. (See madapoUans.) 

Inm, cast into bars, plates or squares, gross weight. Quintal 

'^ manufactured into pieces for domestic use, or . 
other uses not specified in this section, gross 

weight .>.,......., " ' 

" the same, in pieces, tinned or varnished, with 

crockery or porcelain, gross weight. ;... Poiuid 

Iron-work, for doors, • windows, furniture, etc.» groM ' . • 

f : »;weight Quintal 

Ivoiry, rough ;.,;,......; Pound 

' *-■ ittili|bs....<i..i...vi « " . 

Jac&ets, or sacks of cot^n or linen, pure or mixed......... One • 

*• or sacks of alpaca « " 

'* or sacks of some- Other woolen material, pure 

or mixed *♦ 

" of any material, with trimmings for women..... *' 
Jack-planes. (Sec toolai fine.) 
Japanese. (See poplina.) 
Jeans of cotton. (Bee madapoUans.) 
Key-holes,jof iron; tin or copper, (See Iron-wOrk.) 

" of other materials GroM 

Knives^ for the table, common and semi-fine, handles 

of wood, whalebone, horn or bone Dosen. 

♦« the same, fine, handles of ivory, mother-of- 
pearl or plaque * 

• .'< .' the same, smaU, for dessert. (Half the specified 
■ duty, according to their quality.) 
" I>ointed,of common cast blade, handle of bone, 

whalebone or horn, gross weight *' 

*• for opening tin cans and for coopers. (Seetoola, 
fine.) 

" for agriculture, common, without sheath ^«. Dosen 

'• t the same, with leather sheath ,i " 

** the same, with sheath and chapes of metal ** 

•• • the same, fine.. • *• 

" of metal, wood or horn, for cutting paper.. '* 

'♦ the same, of mother-of;l>earl, ivory or bone < 

Knockers, of copper or- brass. (See iron-work.) 

Labels or vignettes, for bottles or other uses Thousand 

Lace, of cotton or linen, including weight of pasteboards 

and papers., *' 

" of silk, including weight of pasteboards and 

papers '* 

Ladles, of tinned iron, for the kitchen. (See iron, 
manufactured.) 
" -of "jvhite -metal or German silver, for soup. (See 
table service.) 

" semi^fine and fine •* 

" common, for men, furnished '* 

" the same, semi-fine and fine 4 ** 

" for women, coBUnon, unfurnished .« " 

" the same, semi-fine and fine " 

" the same, common, furnished *' 

" the same, semi-fine and fine " 

Lanterns or tubes of glass. (See tubes.) 

Lard, gross weight Pojuid 



110 00 

2500 

10 

SOO 

160 



80 
flO 



20 



80 



Dirty 
1700 

1060 

07 

140 

106 



21 
85 



800 210 



1600 1120 



U 



1600 
400 
500 
160 
200 


U20 
280 
860 

105 
140 


600 
800 


350 
560 


800 


210 


60 


85 


200 


140 



21 



800 


210 


400 


280 


600 


420 


800 


560 


100 


70 


240 


168 



200 140 
800 210 



800 



2000 


1400t 


1500 


10 60 


8000 


2100- 


800 


5 60' 


1600 


1120 


2000 


14 00 


2500 


17 60 



.05 03K: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMBBOB. ISS-sds 

LMtlnff pnmella of wool, or wltli miztare of cotton, 

plain or worked, to the width of 86 inches ^ Tftrd | 080 S 021 

Latten, in plates. (See copper.) 

** wrought. (See copper, wrought ) 
Lawn, lineu muslin, tarlatans, white cambric and prf nt 
muslin, plain and common, to 40 inchei 

wide Taid 10 m 

" the same, semi-fine and fine •« U lOJf 

** the same, worked or embroidered by hand, com- 
mon, to 40 inches wide •• 15 KM 

** the same, semi-fine and fine .*..^. " 20 ll 

Leaves, of enamel. (See enameL) 
** ,of ivory. (See ivory.) 
" of false gold or silver. (See bugles.) 
Legumes, preserved. (See conserves.) 

** salted or pressed. (See conserves.) 
Letters, of latten, copper or brass, for marking. (See 
copper, wrought.) 
" of tin plate. (See tin plate, manufactiired.) 
'* receipts or litbograpned invoices, in blanc, 

gross weight Ponnd 20 H 

Linen cambric or Swiss linen, pure or mixed with 

cotton, to 40 inches wide Yard 4D 29 

'• 'of cotton. (See lawn of cotton.) 
Liquor cases. (See flask cases, part 1st of this section.) 
Liquor weights. (See areometers.) 
Liquors, sweet or liqueurs, such as kttmmel, cura^^oa, 

chartreuse, anissette, bitters, etc Bottle 70 40 

Locks or bolts. (See iron- work.) 

Long-lawn, of linen or mixed. (See Irish linen.) 

Lustring of cotton, with metal leaves, common, to 26 

inches wide Yard 100 70 

'* the same, with gold or silver leaves, to 26 

inches wide « 200 1<I0 

Machetes. (See tools, common.) 
Madapollans, jeans, calicos, germanics, Irish linen, 
marsellaise, damask, familv muslin^ bogotanf, 
imperial, creas, vamps, enrfbilUUt royal Irish 

cotton goods, or similar ones, gross weight Found 80 21 

Maisena. « (See paste of flour.) 
Mallets of iron. (See tools, common.) 
Manta, bleached or unbleached, manta-dilll, bedtick- 
ing, goods for under petticoats, and striped creail 
for mattresses, of cotton, and similar ones, gross 

weight " 20 14 

Mantelettes and mantiUas for women. (See cloaks.) 

Marble, polished, in slabs Qolntal 

Masks, of wire Dozen 

•• of pasteboard « •* 

'• or half faces, of sillc ** 

•' or covers of wire, for fencing with foils *' 

•* of pasteboard or silk. (See masks.) 
Mats, of jonquiUe. or of straw, of all classes, of 36 inches 

in width, for floors Yard 

" small, common, to three yards in length Dozen 

Matches of all kinds, gross weight Pound 

Meat of all animals. (See conserves.) 

Medals. (See crosses.) 

Merino cloth of wool, or mixed with cotton, common, 

to 36 inches wide Tittd 

" the same, semi-fine and fine '• 

•• of wool pure, double quality, to 86 inches wide.. •• 
Milk and teapots. (See table service.) 
Mills of iron, for grinding coffee. (See iron manuf d.) 
Mirrors of all classes and: sizes, with or without frames, 

gross weight Pound 

Molasses, gross weight Quintal 



100 
600 
100 
400 
600 


i^ 


40 


28 
66 
07 


3 


68 


>s 


21 
140 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



18$^^ SPiNISU-AJiKBICAN MANUAL. 

Unitf VahtttiMi Datj 
Mortars, of iron. (Sm cast iron.) 

*' of eoppQr, brass, or yellow metal. (See copper 

wrought.) 
<' of marble, crockery or glass, of as much as 15 . . 

inches in diameter.., One $960 $042 

" the same, of greater diameter ** 80 0^ 

Sother«Qf-pearl. unmanufactured, gross weight Pound 10 07 

onth-pleces or tongs of metal or any other material for _. 

smoking cigarettes..... , «.... " 89 66 

Honldsqf tin-plate to make sweetmeats or pastes. (See 
nn plate manufactured.) 
*' the same, of copper or brass. (See copper 

wrought.) . 

** of wood, stuccoed, gilt or veneered, gross weiRht. *' ]v 07 

'* or galleries of latten for curtains, gross weight.... " 10^ 70 

MufRi or sleeves, with or without embroidery, for . . 

women Doz. pain «00 210 

Kvslins or percales of silk, plain or worked , to 30 inches 

wide .:. Yard 60 85 

** the same, of cotton, Amerlinadaa or worked, to / 

;iiinches wide •• JO 07 

" plain, of cotton, white, ordinary, to 40 inches 

wide " W 07 

the si|me, semi-fine and fine *' 1§ UH^ 



of cotton, embroidered, to 90 inches wide " .««-«-« 

or cambric of cotton, printed, gross weight PoHUd oO^ 89 



of wool, pure or mixed. (See swanskinO 

»:iistard. prepared, or in powder. (See conserves.) , 

ails, of iron, gross weight ...r , Quintal 40(1 2 80 

'* of iron, for horseshoes, gross weight Quintal 6(Xt 8*00 

_, for roofs.) 
. ,. , with copper head. 

^ (See copper- work.) 

Napkins, of cotton. (See madapoUans.) 

** of linen or mixed, to 25 inches in length » Doien 809 2 10 

*• the same, to 86 inches long „ « " 4 00 280 

Necklaces, of amber, for women, with weight of the , 

case Pound 4 Off 280 

" of coral. (See coral.) 

" of glass, composition or any other common 

material, with weight of the case " 80^ 42 

Needles, straight or curved, for muleteers, for packing: 

or other uses .TChoiUHUid 300 210 

" known as copo^ros *• 40 28 

" of steel, of ail numbers and classes, for seam« 

stresses and tttilors » '* 8lr 21 

Netting. (See trimmings.) 
Ochre.. (See paint in powder.) 
Oil cruets. (See cruet-stands.) 

Oil, olive, in bottles, gross weight Quintal 6 00 4 20 

" olive, in any other holder, gross weight......^ ^ Gallon 80 56 

" of whale and turnip *? 80 56 

*' of flaxseed ^ «« 60^ 42 

" of wimal substances, for machinery ** 40 28 

«* naptha, petroleum, gasoline, kerosene, gross 

weight „ Quintal 800 210 

Olives. (See conserves.) 

Osnaburffs, of linen, pure or mixed with cotton, to 86 

inches in width. (See Russia.) 
Ovens ojc roasters for coffee. (See iron, manufactured.) 
. '* or iron kitchens. (See iron, manufactured.) 
Oysters. (See conserves.) 
Padlocks of iron. (See iron work.) 
•* of brass. (See copper work.) 

Paint, in oil, gross weight Quintal 6 00 420 

'* in powder, not specified in 3d part of this section, 

gross weight : ** 400 280 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMM£BCB. 



183-XXi 



Pintelooiiii off line&or cotton 

" of broadclotb or cashmere 

Pftper, for letters, of all kinds, gross weight 

^* of cotton, of every- Icind, gross weight 

** of linen, pure or mixed, gross weight 

" of linen, pure or mixed, for cigarettes, gross 

welgnt 

'* colored, for advertisements, gross weight 

••^ Chinese, gtOM weight « 

Cifloied for fiowers, gross weight... 



** gilt or silvered* gross wciight., 

** the same, large, groes weight 

*' of straw, wrapping pAper» for filtering or manilla, 

gross weight 

** blotting, gross weight 

** raled forttcconnts, gross weight 

** of glkss or sand, mss weiffht » 

** small plain, laced, worked, or pressed, white or 
colored, for uotei. 

" ruled for music 

" for bookbinding! colored, glased and marbled, 

gross weight 

'* colored, nnglazedand without gilding, for paper- 
ing wall, grera weight 

" the same, fine, gross weight 

*' the same, with glaze, gilt, silvered, or velvet-like 

gross weight 

Pittaffine, in conde cake-, groes weight 

*' worked with candles gross weight 

Parasols. (See umbrellas.) 

Paring chisels, for carpenters. (See tools, fine.) 

Pasteboard, common 

" glased, or vellum for visiting cards, dlplo- 

Pastilles, rv 

Patterns of 

of 



Unity Va 

One 1200 

'* 400 

Ponnd 15 

" 10 

16 



20 

1ft 
10 

ao 



DvtT 
280 



Q^tal 
Pooad 

<i 

«i 

«« 

Qaintal 

Pound 
Qaintal 

Pound 

t* 

Qaintal 

(I 
Pound 



200^ 

40ft 

15 

MO 



pt the 
Ight'of 



Qaintal 
Pound 



of 
of 
of 
of 

of 

of 



cotton 
omen, 

o.) 
>lens.) 

i. with 

r'with 

iVwi'tii 



Peails, imitation or wax, paste, or composiaon, glitter- 
ing gross weight " 

Pens, ofqnill Thousand 

•* of metal or steel, for writing Gross 

" of gold, loose for writing Dozen 

" the same, with holders " 

Pencils,' common, inserted in wood Gross 

•• finer " 

'* of stone, for drawing *' 

" of slate Thousand 

Pencil cases, of wood, bone, or rubber Gross 

•' of common metal Dozen 

" of precious metals. (See jewelry, fine.) 

Pegs, wooden, for shoes, grossnveigbt Quintal 

Penholders of wood, bone, tin, rubber or glass Gross 

Penknives, of one or two blades, common Dozen 

'' the same, semi-fine " 



14 

490 
07 

an 

85 
14 

140 
280 

n 

07 



18 OO 1260 



400 

16 

20. 
30 



400 
20 
20 

1-00 



100 



280 
07 

21 

280 
14 

14 
70 



6 00 4 20 
2 00 140 



100 


70 


180 • 


91 


SO 


21 


400 


280 


800 


6 60 


80 


66 


90 


63 


80 


56 


120 


84 


260 


175 


100 


70 


400 


280 


120 


84 


100 


70 


160 


105 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



133-xxil 



8FANI8H-AMXBICAM MANUAL. 



Vwkf ▼ 

PenknlTet, the eame, fine » Doien 

*( the same, of more than two hU<iet, with or 

without other ntensUa ^.....^ '« 

*« of more than two blades, ■eml-flne...........».. *' 

** the same, fine ^,u^.,..^^.,^,^,».^^», ** 

Penknives. (See razors.; 
Percales. (See gauzes.) 
Percussion caps. (See capt.) 

Pepper, in grain, gross weignt..M Qaintel 

*^ in powder, gross weight.....^............................... Pound 

Perfumery, common, ordinary, not specified, In the 8id 

part of this section, gross weight......^. Povnd 

'* the same, fine. '* 

Pickled Tegetables. (See conserves.) 

Petticoata, in patterns, of cotton cloth, embroidered or 

worked, to the length of eight yards Pattern 

" plain or with plaits „ « «« 

'* in patterns, of linen cloth or mixed, embroid- 
ered or worked, to 8 yards long.............. " 

" the same, plain or with plaits " 

'* made of woolen cloth ^... One 

Pillows, of feathers Pound 

" of hair or wool " 

Pins, for fastening, with weight of the case „.„ *• 

Piqud, colored, of cotton. (See cotton , prints.) 
*' the same, white. (See madapoUans.) 
" or cotton dimity, with or without quilting, gross 

weight " 

'* of Bilk. (See gros.) 

Pistol holders, of leather, for saddles Pair 

'• for revolvers. (See coverings.) 

Pistols, pocket, one barrel ** 

'* the same, two barrels *• 

" or revolvers, five to s£veu shooters, having as 
much as nine inches in length, including 

the handle One 

•* or revolvers, five to seven shooters, larger '* 

•' for saddle-bow, single barrel v Pair 

*' the same, double-barreled '* 

Pitch and fine resin Pound 

*' common, gross weight „.. Quintal 

Pitchers and washbowls, of crockery. (See crockery.) 
•• of glass. (See glass.) 

'• of iron, tin or pewter. (See iron, manufactured.) 
" of tin plate. (See tin plate, manufactured.) 
** galvanized, or of white or yellow metal. (See 
table service.) 
Plates of iron. (See iron, cast.) 
•* thin, of iron. (See iron-work.) 
•• thin, of copper or brass. (See copper-work.) 
" veneer, of any kind of wood, per superficial foot. Foot 
" of tin or pewter. (See tin plate, manufactured.) 

Playing cards of common paper, of two leaves Gross 

'* the same, fine, of one leaf, of linen» " 

'* small, for children, will pay half of the 

duties fixed, according to class. 

Plush, of wool, to 18 inches wide Yard 

" of cotton, to 36 inches wide •* 

*• of silk, to 80 inches wide •* 

'• of wool. (See velvet.) 
Ponchos. (See sarapea.) 

Points, of leather, for billiard cues .Hundred 

Point lace, worked on a frame, to 36 inches wide.» Yard 

" the same , em oroide red , to 36 inches wide.~ ... " 
" the same, of silk. (See lace.) 
Poniards, blade to 9 inches long, with or without leather 

sheath Dozen 



hatioa 


D«tT 


200 


1140 


IflO 
800 
600 


106 
210 
860 


800 
10 


660 
07 


80 
60 


21 
86 


160 
100 


106 
70 


200 
160 
800 
800 
200 
40 


140 
106 
210 
210 



80 



21 



800 210 



(too 


420 


800 


660 


600 


420 


10 00 


700 


1000 


700 


1200 


840 


10 


07 


200 


140 



05 03Mi 



400 
800 


280 
560 


6C 

30 

100 


42 
21 
70 


40 
20 
30 


28 
14 
21 



1200 840 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



coBiMBBCB. 188-zziii 

Vtdtjr VUtiadM Dntf 

Fottlardii fhe aame, of upward of 9 Inches ^ ^........ Doxen |16 00 111 20 

'* the same, to 9 inches, with sheath of metal or 

worked leather « •* 2400 16 ») 

** the same, larger «.„. *• 8200 2240 

Poplins, of cotton, with or without niizture of hemp, 

to 80 inches in width Yard 16 H^ 

<« mixed with hemp, to 80 inches in width " 20 14 • 

" otsilk. (Seegros.) 
Porcelain. (See crockery.) 

Porte-monnaie, of leather or mhber „ Doieii 1 00 70 

' ' of mother-of-pearl, tortoise^ihell, iTory 

bone or metal „.^.. *< 800 210 

Pots or x>ans, of iron. (See iron, manufactured.) 
" of crockery. (See crockery.) 
** of copper or brass. (See copper, wrought.) 

Powder holders, of horn, metal or leather Dosen 00 4 20 

Presses for copying letters One 800 560 

Pressing irons, for tailors. (See tools, common.) 
Pomps, or small taps, of iron, tin or tinplates, for 

barrels or pipes One 60 86 

** the same, of copper or brass. (See copper- 
work.) 

*< or small taps, of wood, for pipes or barrels.. Dozen 200 140 

*' of glass, gross weight Pound W 14 

Pulleys, of Iron, for hanging lamps. (See iron, man- 
.ufaotured.) 
** the same, of copper or brass. (See copper- 
work.) 
Quinqute, lamps, and lamp cases of all kinds, with 

their furniture, gross weight. Pound 40 28 

Bailings of iron , with or without ornaments. (See iron 

manufactured.) 
Baisins. (See fruits, dried.) 
Rasps. (See tools, fine.) 

Bazors, commoit, for shaying Dosen 1 25 87K 

" fine •* 800 2 10 

** thesame,incases, including weightof the case. Pound 400 280 

Basor strops, with one or two bides ^ Dosen 2 00 1 40 

** the same, with as many as 4 sides.. " 4 00 2 80 

BebosoB of cotton ■: ** 15 00 10 60 

'< of silk. (See shawls of silk.) 
Bed ochre, or red earth. (See paints.) 
B^ns. (See headstalls.) 

Besin, common, gross weight. Quintal 600 4^ 

Beps or woolen cloth, twilled, for furniture, to 60 inches 

wide Yard 70 49 

Bibbons of cotton, white or colored, gross weight Pound 40 28 

*' galoons and fringes. (See tassels of wool.) 
*' of all widths, pure silk, including the weight 
of the pasteboard and reed, or papers in 

which they are wrapped up j " 800 560 

" the same, mixea, including the weight of the 
pasteboard and reed, or papers in which 

they are wrapped up " 400 280 

Bingaof metal, paste, or any other material, with or 

without stones Gross 60 42 

** 6f double, plaque, or other kind, semifine ** 800 210 

'* of wood, bone, or rubber, for napkins Dozen 60 42 

** of metal or ivory, for napkins ** 200 140 

*' small, of metal, paste, glass, rubber, ornny other 

material, common Doz. pain 2 00 1 40 

«* thesame, semi-fine " 600 420 

" of double, or some other semi-fine metal " 1200 8-40 

" of copper or brass. fSee copper wrought.) 
•* of iron. (See iron manufactured.) 

Bope of hemp or agave, gross weight 10 07 

Bosariesof wood or nut, common Gross 240 168 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1800 
400. 


•fg 


80 


21 


60 


85 


15 


lOK 


M 


« 


15 


1<« 


4» 

10 00 


'm 


• 00 


420 


2000 


uoo 


8000 


2100 


80 


81 


200 


140 


400 


280 


^00 


850 


150 


105 


800 


2t0 



133-JZiT 8PANI8H-AMEBICAN UANUAIi 

Unity ValtiMlMi Dotr^ 

Rosari^ of glass beitdB or porcelain Gross 

** ' other Kinds, superior •* 

Eubberoloth, including the painted, common, or semi- 
fine to 72 inches in width Yard 

*' the same, fine " 

** the same, common and semi-fine, to 86 

inches wide ^. *• 

Rnm or hrandy of every kind, and in any vessel as high 

as 20** Baum6 Bottle 

Russia eloth, ol linen or mixed with cotton, to 86 inches 

in width Yard 

Sackcloth, or common sheeting for packing, to the 

width of 40 inches «• 

Saddles, common, for men, unfurnished *' 

*' common, furnished or not Oaa 

•* the same, semi-fine ** 

•' the same, fine ^ •• 

Saddle straps Pair 

Saddle trees, of wood ** 

" of iron *« 

Safnron, dry or in oil. with weight of thc^ case. » " 

Sail cloth, or unhleached hrament of linen. (Sea 
Russian sheeting.) 

9alt, common, coarse, gross weight Quiatal 

" refined, ground, in packages or pans, gZDss weight. *' 
Salmon. (See conserves.) 
Sdndalo of cotton, smooth or sezge-like.-«^«-.*-^* ...»..••...• Fowk4 40 28 

Sardines. (See conserves.) 
Satin of silk. (See gros.) 
" of cotton. (See madapollans.) 

Sarapes or pouches of wool ...................^•^.......... Qtm JiW 850 

Sauces. (See conserves.) 

Sausages. (See conserves.) 

Scallops of metal for embroidery. (See bugles.) 

Boarfs-ortends of cotton, or woven, with weight of the 

case Pottikd 180 105 

' the same, of wool, or woven, with weight ol 

the case " 200 140 

** or bands of crape, of pure or mixed silk, plain or 

damasked, with or without fringes DoieB ^00 420 

'* of silk lace, twisted or net work, pkun, witii or 

wifiiniif. tABBAifl *« 1800 1260 

'• the " 8000 2100 

Scissors oi gross weight. Pound 20 14 

Screwdriv !, fine.) 

Screws of 

•* of ought.) 

•• of D.) 

Scythes ol 

Sealing wi ase *• 

'* CO] f the case ** 

Serge or li esin width... Yard 

" sam width '« 

" of w in, chinU, and 



" the I le •* 

Shades ol Dosen 

Shawls, oi d. (See crape 

snawis.) 

** of cotton, pliUn or stamped, to 1^ varas square. Dosen 

•* the same, larger •* 

•• of cotton, chenilled, to 1>^ varas square " 

•* the same, larger „ •* 

" of merino or swanskin, usual quality, to 1}4 

varas square •• 

•* the same, larger •• 



80 

20 

50 

IjOO 


58 

14 
85 

70 


20 
80 


U 


860 
600 
600 
800 


245 
860 
420 
660 


lioo 


660 
840 



Digitized by VjOO^IC 



OOMMBBOB. 



183-xxy 



Unity Vilnation 

*f 4>lirool, et mixed with cotton seveval timief, 
and of quality superior to those specified, 

of 13^ varas square Dozen | 9 00 

ShAwlS) the same, larger „ .- 4 " 1600 

** oi silk and hemp, or of silk and cotton, to 1% 

varas « " 1800 

** the same, larger « •• aoco 

** of sUk crape, plain, marked or embroidered, 

with -weight of the paper Ounce 45 

'*' 4A silk, pure or mixed. (See crape shawls.) 
** of any other pure silk material, not specified. 

with weight of the paper «• 50 

Sheepskins. (See hides.) 
leaves, of iron. (See iron-work.) 

" of copper or hrass. (See copper, wrought) 

Sheets d cotton, to 3 varas long Doien 8 00 

Shirts or chemises, made of colored cotton cloth ** 5 00 

'* thesame, of iluen ** 1000 

" the same, made of white cotton cloth, with or 

without linen bosoms - " 800 

" the same, of common linen „ *' 12 00 

'» the same, better " 25C0 

" made of flannel or other woolen stuff. ** 1000 

Shirt bosoms, of cotton, gross weight. Pound 40 

«• of linen, gross weight..... •• 60 

Slleslan linen. (See Irish linen.) 

Silk thread, loose, of all colors, including the paper ** 8 00 

'* twisted, of all colors, including the weight of the 

paper. — ** 600 

Shoes, low, leather or patent leather, for men » Fair 1 60 

'* the same, or any other material not specified, for 

women •♦ 100 

** thesame, of silk, for women " 200 

•• or slippers, of cotton or linen fiber, without 

embroidery or ornaments, all sizes ** 20 

'* or slippers, of wool, stamped or embroidered, all 

nzes '* 70 

*, the same, of leather^ plain, and without any 

ornament, for men And women ^ 40 

•* the same, superior or covered with silk " 1 00 

*' rubber, with or without sole, for men and 

' women D02. ptlM 800 

*** the same, to 22 centimeters long inside, for 

children " 600 

Shoeing utensil, of horn, bone or metal — Dozen 1 00 

Shovels, of iron. (See tools, common.) 

*' of tin plate. (See tin plate, manufactured.) 

Skin robes, for saddles « •• 800 

Slippers. (See shoes.) 

Small reeds for winding thread. (See thread.) 

Snuff,.: «. Pound 7 00 

Snufi^rs of iron or latten, with or without spring. " 9 00 

♦♦ the same, with small tray •* 1800 

" of steel or white metal, with or without spring. Dozen 8 00 

'* the same, with small tray '* 600 

'* of metal, gilt or silver plated, or of plaque, with 

or without spring...' *' 600 

" the same, with small tray " 1200 

Soi^p, common, lu balls or bars, gross weight Pound 10 

" in small cakes, with or without scent, common 
and fine (See perfumery.) 

Socks, cotton, common, for men Dozen 100 

" cotton, common, semi-fine and fine " ItO 

'* cotton, common, for children, with the foot of 

five inches '* 80 

1* cotton, common, for youths with the foot of 

eight inches " GO 



Duty 



t oco 

10: 'J 

12 CO 
2100 

Sl>i 



5f0 

sm 

700 

5€» 
8-10 
17 CO 
7C0 

2a 

210 

360 
106 

HI 
140 

U 

49 



70 

661 

360 
7i 

660 



490 
630 
12 60 
210 
420 

420 
840 

or 



70 
106 



21 
36 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



133-XXYi Bl^A^SH-AMBRICAN MANUAL. 4 

Unity Valuation Duty 

€k>ck8, wooton, for ohildren with the foot of five inchee.. Doien 1 40 | o 28 
*' woolen, for boyi with foot of eight inchei <* 80 66 

" of wool or linen, pure or mixed, common for 

men ,^ <* 1 20 84 

<* the same, semi-fine and fine ** 350 175 

" of silk, pure or mixed for men « 900 420 

** of silk, pure or mixed, for children with the foot 

of five inches i •* 800 210 

*' the same, for youths with the foot of eiffht inches ** 500 8 50 
'* knit, of wool or mixed with cotton, with or with- 
out vamps for infants I>osen 80 56 

Bolder of tic. (See section 8d of this chapter.) 

" of copper or brass, gross weight Pound 20 14 

Spangles. (See bugles.) 

Spatter dashes, of leather or cloth, without vamps Pair 200 140 



Spectacles. (See eye-glasses.) 

1, in paste, gross w<_, 

made into candles or tapers, gross weight.. 



Spermaceti, in paste, gross weight Pound 



20 
80 


14 
21 


400 
300 
200 


280 
210 
140 


400 
12 00 


280 
840 



Spittoons, of tin plate. (See tin plate manufactured.) 
** of crockery. (See crockery.) 
** of glass. (See glassware.) 
*' of metal. (See table service.) 

Sponges of all classes « 

fipoons, of iron, tin, or pewter, common size Gross 

" of Iron, small for tea »• 

*< of white metal, or Oerman silver. (See table 
service.) 

" of wood, small for sauces *♦ 

•* the same, of ivory „ •* 

" of iron for masons. (See tools, fine.) 

Springs of iron, for seats of furniture, gross weight Pound 16 10^ 

'* the same, of copper or brass. (See copper 
wrought) 

Spunk or tinder, for smokers *< 80 56 

Spurs, of latten, steel, or iron, with or without straps, by 

ptlrs......................... Dozen 400 2 80 

BqHares. (See tools, fine.) 

Sterine, in crude cakes Pound 

** made into candles, with weight of the little case. " 

etuis of all kinds, net weight «* 

Stirrupi of iron .J)oi. pain 

*• of white or yellow metal ♦* 

" the same, shoe-shaped. (See copi>er wrought.) 
Stoves or chimneys of iron. (See iron manufactured. ) 
Stoves for cooking. (See iron manufactured.) 

Stockings of cotton, common and semi-flne» *' 

" the same, fine ** 

** the same, of linen " 

" of wool, common or fine " 

" of silk, pure or mixed " 

" for children, to five and eight inches in the 
foot. (See socks.) 

Stomachers of steel, for corsets Dozen 

Stones, for grinding razors *» 

" fiint, all sizes, gross weight Quintal 

" round, with or without crank, for grinding tools, 

gross weight Pound 

Strikers or hammers for iron. (See iron work.) 
Strings for guitar or violin, to one yard in length, in 

bundles of 80 strings '. Bundle 

•• for guitar or violin Gross 

" for piano «* 

Stripes, embroidered. (See borders.) 

Sugar, refined, gross weight Quintal 

*• ofotherkinds, inferior, gross weigiit. *« 

" or panela, gross weight , " 



15 

29 

50 

400 

600 


35 
280 
420 


150 
250 
400 
300 
900 


105 
175 
280 
210 
630 


200 
600 
900 


140 
420 
680 


05 


03>i 


25 
200 
400 


280 


1200 
800 
400 


840 
560 
280 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



188-zxvii 

IMtar Valuitioa Dnlj 

eiBmr bowli of metaL (Bee table Mrrlce.) 
^* of crockery or poieelaln. (See crockery.) 

Bwpeoders of cotton or linen, in pain ^.......^.^.m..... Docen | 80 I SI 

<* of any woolen tiisne, in pairs ^ ** 100 70 

•• ofiilk,inpairs «* 600 420 

Swanskin/ wool, pure or mixed with cotton, of all 

colors, to 86 inches in wiclth....^...«...... Yard SO 14 

« wool, pure or mixed with silk » *' 80 21 

Sweetmeats of all kinds. (See conservea.) 

Switohes or whips, common » Dosen 6 00 8 GO 

" the same fine -. " 1000 7 00 

*f for coachmen — » *' 1200 8 40 

Swordaor sabers, common, with scabbard of leather or 

metal, without viric<i«« « One 200 140 

** the same, with scabbard of Ctorman silver, or 
leather, with chapes or ornaments of 

metal, without virit^ " 4 00 2 80 

*> or small swords, fine blade, without «<rieli«« ** 10 00 7 00 

Sword belto. (See belts.; 

Syringes of glass, of any form, large Docen 800 560 

the same, smaller " 400 280 

»* of metal of any form, large ^ " 1500 1060 

" the same, smaller " 700 490 

** of rubber, of any form and aise, with hose.. '* 9 00 6 30 

•• the same, without hose •♦ 300 210 

flyrups of all kinds Bottle 40 28 

Table-cloths, of damask or germanic cotton. (See 
madapoUaos.) 

Table-covers, of damatsk or other silk material Sq. yard 1 00 70 

** of wool, plush or shag ** 50 35 

"• el aayi cotton material, *• 20 14 

Table service, of white metal, silver plated or gilt, with 
the exception of silver of 0.835 fineness, with 

weight of the case Pound 600 3 50 

Tackle, r%ging; cordage, not destined for use of ports, 

gross weight ** 10 07 

Tallow, raw or melted, not purified, gross weights Quintal 7 00 4 93 

*' purified, gross weight « •• 10 00 7 00 

Tassels, flounces, cords and braids, of silk, pure or 

mixed, with weight of the case Pound 6 00 4 20 

** the same, of wool, pure or mixed, with weight 

ofthecase •* 2 00 140 

" flounces and twists, of cotton. (See trimmings.) 

Tea, gross weight " 80 21 

Tdareal. (Seegauses.) 

Thimbles, of latten, tin, bone or iron, for women Gross 40 23 

* of steel, ivory, gilt or silver plated, for 

women •' 80 66 

'* of iron, steel or other metal, for tailors... '* 60 35 

Thread, of cotton, in clews, balls or skeins, for sewing 
embroidery and crochet, including the 

weight of the pasteboards and papers Pound 50 35 

** of cotton, on spools, with 100 yards Gross 1 (.0 70 

" of hemp, for shoes and for sewing sacks, gross 

weight , Pound 20 14 

** the same, fine, in balls or bobbins of paste- 
boud, for tailors, including the weight 

of pasteboards and papers " GO 42 

" of linen, for sewing or embroidering, on spools, 

with 100 yards Gross 150 105 

" the same, of linen, in skeins or balls, for em- 
broidering, including the weight of the 

case Pound 100 70 

'* of silk for sewing or embroidering on spools, to 

100 yards Grocc of Spls. 5 00 3 50 

Tin, manufactured into service pieces, gross weight Pound 20 14 

Tinsel *• 2 00 1 40 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



13d-x9:Tiii 



SPANISH-AMERICAN MANUAL. 



Tobacco, for chewing or cut for the pipe 

Tools, common, such as hoes, machetes, orow-biuni, 
sc^rthes, spades, pikes, anvils, pruning- 
knives, Urge screws and other implemenl« 
for farmers and agricult4irlsts, not speci- 
fied, gross weight 

*• fine, inch as grooving tools, grinders, nippers, 
augers, burins, files, chests with carpen- 
ters' tools, planes, chisels of all kinds, 
comjtaBses, knives for coopers, screw-dri- 
vers, squares, rasps, punches, adzes, axel, 
blades for planes, saws of all sizes, ham- 
mers, borers, trowels and other tools for 
mechanics, not specified in this section, 

gross weight 

TooOi-picki, of ivory, motherK>f-pearl or tortoise-shell.» 

*^ of bone....^ 

♦* of quill 

Tortoise-shell, In conch or leaf 

Towels, of linen, pure or mixed with cotton, to 45 inches 

in lenffth.....«» 

•* to 64 inches long « 

" of linen, raised work 

** the same, of cotton, to 45 inches long 

" the same, to 54 inches long 

** the same, larger (to be valued in proportion.) 
*' (See cloths for the hand.) 

To3rB, of all kinds, for children 

Trays, of all kinds of metal. (See table service.) 
''^ of crockery or porcelain. (See crockery.) 
'* of paste or wood or other material, gross welfl^t, 
'* of tin. (See tin-ware.) 
Trimming, of cotton, for dresses, with weight of the 



Unity 

Pouad 



ValoatiMi Dolf 
1706 |4W 



700 4fa 



Pound 
Gross 



Pound 
Doaen 



POttBA 



20 
600 
800 

40 
120 

SOO 
400 
600 
200 
400 



" of wool or with mixture of cotton, for 
dresses, with weight of the case (paste- 

boaids.).« 

'* the tNone, of pure silk or mixed, with wel^^t 

of the case 

TrowelB. (See tools, fine.) 

Trunks, of wood, without covering, of hide or tin, all 

sizes 

" the same, with lining of tin or hide 

** or leather portmanteaus, of as much as 24 inches 

long ;. 

" the same, larger 

« the same, of other materials, of as mud^ as 24 

incneslong. „.: 

* the same, larger 

Tubes, of glass, for lamps. (See glass, hollow.) 

Tulle, of cotton, plain, to 86 inches wide ».. 

Twists. (See tassels.) 

Umbrellas, of cotton 

" or parasols of cotton 

" of silk, taffBty, pure or mixed, plain quality 

'* the same, of double quality 

" or parasols of any silk material, plain, 
smooth, and without any trimming..... 

•' the same, trimmed « 

'* for youths; (One-half the duty, according 
to material ) 
Under-petticoat of cotton. (See Manta.) 

UadeMhirts, cotton knit 

*' woolen knit, pure or mixed with cotton... 

** of flannel 

*' of silk, pure or mixed 

*' for youths. (One-half the duty, according 

to material.) 



Poond 100 



14 

420 
210 



210 
280 
860 
140 
280 



2S 



21 



70 



M 


200 


140 


«« 


400 


420 


H 


200 
600 


140 
850 




200 
800 


140 
560 


« 


100 
200 


70 
140 


Yard 


15 


lOJ^ 


Dosen 
•( 

«< 
«« 


400 

260 

1500 

2500 


280 
176 
1060 
1760 


M 


1400 
2«4» 


980 
1680 


M 


800 
460 
700 
2CO0 


210 
816 

1400 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



60 

60 

100 

160 

800 


35 

35 

70 

105 

2 10 


800 
1600 
SO 00 


600 
10 £0 
14 00 



OQMMBBCB. 138-gQdx 

UMly ValMtiQa Duty 

VallflM. (SeetrankB.) 

Vwnldiei of all kinds, groM weight... .».^.....^.».^ Doma | 10 f 'O 07 

Vellum, in leaf . common size ^... ** 860 262 

Velvet or plBsn of wool, or mixed with cotton, to 80 

inchea in width . Yaid 100 70 

** of silk pare or mixed, plain or figured, to 80 

inches wide... *• 160 106 

** of cotton, common, to 26 inches wide '* 80 21 

" the same, fine .« »• 60 42 

VelTeteen. (See yelvet) 

Venetian blinds, and shades of all kinds, gross weight. Pound 80 21 

Vermicelli. (Bee flour paste.) 

Vignettes for hotUes. (See labels.) 

Vinegar, gross weight ♦• 06 03^ 

Violinettes or hannonicas, flat, or in the form of a 

clarionet, gross weight......^ « " 

Wafers,ior letters, with weight of the case .^.. Pound 

Waistoosts of cotton . One 

'* the same or linen or wooL.. — ** 

** the same of any silk material pure or mixed ** 
" in patterns (the valuation of the re^eetive 
material) 

Walking sticks (wood).....^ Doien 

^^ (other materials) *« 

•• sword canes «.. •« 

Warmers (Calentadores) of tin (See tin manufactured.) 
** of copper or brass. (See copper work.) 

WaterpiODf cloth for cloaks Sq.Taid 100 70 

Wax, white, pure or mixed, without being woriced, 

gross weight Pound 40 28 

** made into candles, gross weight *< 70 49 

*< worked into flowers, figures, gross weight... ** 1 60 1 06 

Weights of iron in every form for balances. (See iron 
manufactured.) 
** tho same, ot copper or brass. (See copper 
wrought) 

Whalebones or their imitation ...^...........^ Pound 60 86 

White lead. (See 8d part of this section.) 

Wicks for oil lamps, in small boxes Ds little 1 

** for large lamps, gross weight Pound 

Wigs. (See hair) 

Wine, red, in any vessel.....^ Bottle 

" generous or white, in any vessel ** 

** sparkling, and vermouth ** 

" medicinaL (See part 8d of this section.) 
Wire, of brass or copper, of any thickness, gross weight Quintal 

" of iron, common, for railings, gross weight " 

*' of iron, finer, for sieves, cards and other uses, 

grross weight " 

** of iron, for flowers, gross weight « " 

*» of steel, of any thickness, gross weicrht « " 

" gilt or plated, in little boxes or spools for cords, 

links, or other uses, with weight of the caae Pound 
' ' lined with cotton for dressmakers or florists, with 

weight of case " 

" lined with silk, with weight of case *' 

Wrappers ot any cotton goods One 

*' of wool, or mixed with silk or cotton '* 

" of any silk goods «.• " 

Wraps, knitted of wool, pure or mixed, with or without 
trimmings, for women and children, with 

weight of the case, (paste boards) Pound 

Zifkc in plates, gross weight Quintal 



20 


88 
14 


80 
40 
60 


21 
28 
85 


2000 
600 


1400 
420 


1000 
1600 
4000 


700 

1060 
2800( 

42 


00 


80 

60 

600 

1200 

2000 


21 

85 

420 

840 

1400 


200 
400 


140 

280 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



18&-XZX 



SPANISH- AMERICAN MANUAL. 



PART III.— DRUGS AND MBDICINXS 

AH. i9r-'3%e SoUiowing goods are tubjeeied to a dutv of Btvewtff per cent •• 
theiT valiioiion. 

Unity Valuation D«t7 

Aofitatfr of ammonia Pound 

•* ot coppbr. « ** 

" of morphine Ounce 

•• of potHfeh^ Pound 

•* o( lead, or sugar of lead -, " 

«* ofsodM •' 

«• of zinc ^ « *» 

Add, acetic, or radical yliiegar " 

•• benooic « " 

•• boric ~~ 

*' cyauibydrical. vSe*; prussio acid.) 

** citric crystaliztvi or iia powder , ** 

** phosphoric — *' 

*' pyrogallic or Kalho « « " 

** pruMic medicinal or hydrocyanic acid ** 

" tertaric •• 

Aconite. (See root of aconite.) 

Agaric, white , *' 

tinder " 

Aloes, sooolrine or hepatic " 

Alum, or sulphate of alumina Quintal 

Amber, common, yellow, white, citrine • Pound 

Ammonia, carbonate. (See alkali concrete.) 

" hypophosphite " 

•* hypochlorate • 

*• liquid. (See spirits of ammonia.) 

Anffellca •• 

Anis-seed- " 

AntimoniUm, raw or sulphur of Antimony " 

** metallic, or regulusotaiiiimouy ** 

•< muriate. (See grcane of antimony.) 

" sulphuret. (Sec kermu.; mIneraL) 

'* tartrate. (See lartar emetic.) 

Arsenic, white or arsenious trcid. 

" yellow. (See jalare.) 
Assafoetiaa. (See gum astmf oetida. ) 

Atropina Ounce 

Balsam of Copaiva Pound 

•• of Mecca *• 

" blacic, of Peru « 

" white, or ToW *♦ 

" of Opodeldoc. (See Opodeldoe.) 

•' of Pelletler 

•• of Pclquier •* 

Bandages, metallic, or morocco linings lor issues Dozen 

Bark of simaruba Pound 

Barks of medicinal trees, not specified *' 

Baryta, muriate or nitrate " 

** carbonate or chlorate ** 

Baths, mineral of Chabl6. (See powders of Chabl6.) 

Bdellium, gum resin " 

Beads of ins, for fontanels or issues Thousand 

Bean Tonka Pound 

" of St. Ignatius. (See Cabalongas.) 
Belladonna in leaves. (See leaves of Belladonna.) 

Benzine or spirits of naphtha, purified Gallon 

" in flasks to 6 ounces Dozen 

Benzoin in paste, or almond-like Pound 

Berries, common Juniper or laurel '* 

Bicarbonate of soda Quintal 

'* of potash Pound 

Bismuth, metallic " 

•* subnitrate 



1040 


S028 


80 


21 


500 


850 


100 


70 


25 
100 


''^ 


100 


70 


ao 


14 


500 
70 


'% 


40 


2S 


70 


49 


1200 


840 


400 


280 


40 


28 


40 


28 


too 


70 


60 


85 


400 


280 


<0 


49 


600 


420 


15 


vaVt 


50 


35 


10 


07 


25 
30 


"Xi 



800 


210 


SO 


85 


200 


140 


120 


84 


100 


70 


50 


85 


50 


85 


200 


140 


60 


42 


20 


14 


50 


85 


120 


84 


20 


14 


300 


210 


200 


140 


100 


70 


200 


140 


70 


49 


10 


07 


600 


420 


80 


21 


100 


70 


400 


280 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



i 



coMMSBCB. ISa-zxxi: 

Unity ValoMioa Duty 

Bismath, Tal6ilADate^...^^-^.»..»...^^„..„.....^.„.... Ounce I 060 I 086 

Bitter aloes. (See aloes.) 

Black, animal or of iyory. (See paint, part 2d of thia 

section.) 
Bones of cattle-fish Pound 80 21 



Bol of Axmenla, for gildlQg...............«......M...^............«... Pound 20 14 

Brome ..^.^.^...-.^.....^.....^.-.^.^.m...... Ounce 70 49 

Bromide of potash ..^.......^...^.^....m^.............^. Pound 800 210 

Bmcina » Ounce 800 210 

Buchu in leaves „..» Pound 60 42 

Bugloes or anchnsa „« •• 25 17K 

Bmb of oolchicum ..«....^,^.^. *« 26 17}4 

Burnett. (See liquor of.). 

Bungs of bone or rubber, for syringes Dosen 00 42 

Butter of nutmeg .• Pound 200 140 

Cabalonga* nut .^. , ., " 1 00 70 

" or nuz vomica. •* 70. 49 

Cadmium, metallic and its preparations *' 4 00 2 80 

Calamine, impure oxide of zinc ** 16 lOH 

Calamus, aromatic « ** 60 36 

Calomel, prepared by steam, or sublimate *« 100 70 

Camphor, fluid, Murray's, in flasks of 8 ounces net Dozen 200 140 

'* purified, or sublimate .............^ Pound 40 28 

Candes, milk in BmaU bottles Dozen 900 690 

Cantharis, whole Pound 800 210 

•* in powder ^ " 400 280 

Capsules of copaiva. Mothers, in boxes of 16 capsule8...«Doz. boxes 2 00 1 40 

" of copaiva, in boxes of 40 capsules '* 600 8 60 

*' the same in boxes of 72 capsules i '* 600 4 20 

*' of castor oil, and those of turpentine, in boxes 

of 40 capsules ** 800 210 

'* of natico, in Dottles of 72 capsules ** 9 00 680 

** of raquin, in vials of 4 ounces, gross weis^t.... ** 6 00 420 

" or pearls of cleotan, in vials of SO capsules *' 600 860 

" of not specified classes, in vials or boxes.......... Pound 400 2 80 

Caraway, common »* 26 17>i 

Carbonate of ammonia. (See alkali concrete.) 
" of lime. (See chalk.) 

of iron „ " 25 

" of potash, impure, or p«r{aea for washing. '* 10 

*' of potash, or salt of wormwood. (See bicar- 
bonate of potash.) 
" of soda. (See bicarbonate of soda.) 
" of soda crystalized, or crystal of soda............. '* 

" of soda calcined, or ashes of soda " 

" of zinc «* 

Cardamomum, seed, large and small ,... " 

Carmine, pomade « " 

'* of Florence, superfine Ounce 

Cascarilla " 

Cassia, fistula Pound 

Castoreum Ounce 

Catheters of white metal.. Dozen 

" of rubber •• 

Cato, catechu, or Japan earth „ Pound 

Caustic -. „ Ounce 

CevadUla, or white juniper « ** 

Chables' powder. (See powders of.) 

Chalk, prepared ......,.« ^ '* 

Chick-pcaxor fontanels or issues Thousand 

Chlorate of potash Pound 

Chloride of lime. (See lime.) 

" of oxide of sodium in bottles Doz. bottle84 00 

•• of zinc Pound 100 

of tin •• 70 



"^ 



10 


07 


10 


07 


20 


14 


80 


66 


200 


140 


120 


84 


100 


70 


15 

60 


^ 


900 


630 


800 


210 


80 


21 


100 


70 


40 


28 


10 


07 


800 


210 


40 


28 


(400 


280 


100 


70 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



13S-4tZZii BPANIBH'AMEMCAN UAHUAL. 

Unltf VftluatlM Duty 

dOoridfrof irold — ..^ Ounce IfeO* |i050 

'* Latraque's, in common bottles Doz. bottlef400f 2 80 

Chlorofonn « - «.. Ponnd 106^ 70 

Chzomate of potash, iron, lead, etc. (See paints, part 
Sdefthlsmetion.) 

Ghrysanthenum powder *' flV' 06 

Cicuta, or hemlock. (See leftres of hemlock.) 

dcntini^... « OUBM MW» TDD 

Cigarettes of stramoninm, puhnonary, in little boxes of 

25 cigarettes «.. DoM& tm tMi 

Cinchona; (Seecase«rillak> 

Cinchonina. «.. — ......«......^«.... Owioe IW 70' 

Cinnabar, artiflciaL (See Termilion.) 

Citrate of magnesia, of lime and of Bogw's magneiia In 

usual yials M.....M...I>of. vlalt 50^ 1^80' 

" of soluble magnesia » Pound |w Ir40 

" of iron, ammonlaor potash....:.. '* tm 420 

'* ofquinine, and of iron and quinine....... Ounce IflP 70 

" of morphine " 400 280 

Cobalt, crystalised. ».......« Pound' w> 21 

•• in powder. «« 40 28 

Codeine Ounce 12t)i> 040 

Colchicumv (See root of colchicum.) 

Collodion Pound 166^ 1 12 

Colombo* (See root of colembe.) 

Copper, anunoniacal •• 200 f4Xii 

** arseniate •« 9$' » 

Copperas, or sulphate of iron impure Quintal 400 2 80 

C<»alina; (See moss of Corsica.) 

Corrosive sublimate, or sublimatus corrosiyuB, bi- 
chloride of mercury, or den tivechloride of mercury- Pound 100 70 

Courtplaster for wounds in leayes to fbur inches Doien W 35 

^* on calico or MparadmiM Vara 25 17H 

** on gutta-percha cloth for wounds '* 100 70 

Cream of tartar, whole Pound 15 IDV^ 

" the same in powder " 25 17H 

" soluble :. " 80 S 

Creosote, in any vessel ** 160 f05. 

Cubebs " fl» 85 

Cubebina Ounce 400 2 80 

Cdlen, in flower and in leaves Pound 25 17V^ 

Cyanide of zinc, potash, and mercury ** 80 66 

Datura stramonium in leavee Pound 80 21 

Davis' Pain Killer, in bottles of two ounces.. Dozen 2 40 1 68 

Delphinia Ounces 1200 8 4a 

Deptoxide of mercury Pound 100 70 

Dextrine *' 60 85 

Digitalis in leaves « " 80 21 

Diosma crenata or BuchU " 80 86 

Dittany of Crete " 20 14 

Donavan. (See liquor of. ) 

Dr. Albert's pills. (See pills.) 

Dragon'silood «. " 25 fTVf 

Dye. for the hair, Cristadoro's or Bachelor's Doz. pairs § 60 4 20 

Earth of Sienna, natural and oalcined.................^».^«. Pound 25 17^ 

" .Taponica. (See cato.) 
" White. (See chalk.) 

Blaterium. (See extract of.) 

Blemi. (See gum elemi.) 

Elisitaa in usual bottles ^ .,..>...........>.« Dozen 200 140 

Elixir, anti-phlei^atic, of Dr. Guill4, in bottles of 8 

ounces Doz. btls» 10 00 7 00 

" the same in bottles of 17 ounces. *' 20 00 14 00 

** the same of Paul Qage, in bottles of 8 ounces...... " 10 00 7 00 

•• for the teeth, In ordinary bottles •' 8 00 2 10 

" of pepsiue in bottles " 1200 8 40 

BmeUn- Pound 2000 X4C0 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



coMMEBCs. 133-xxxiii 

Unity V'aluatkm Duty 

Ergotlne... „... Ounce I 200 1 140 

Bscila maritima. (See scilla marltima.) 

XMence, marvelous crowned, i;\ bottles of one ounce»... Doz. btls. 80 06 

Essences. iSee oil, essence of.) 

Ether, acetic « Pound 70 49 

*' nitric «• 80 21 

*' hydrochloric concentrated " 100 70 

" sulphuric * 40 28 

Extract of wormwood, henbune or hvoscyamus. bella- 
donna, clcuta, coloquintida, aigitalls, dul- 
camara, and guaiacum or lignum vitae " 2 00 1 40 

" of logwood «' 80 21 

** of jalap or resin of jalap " 800 210 

•• of. lettuce or thriduce •* 800 210 

" of opium. Ounce 100 70 

** of Spanish licorice (glycyrrihlsa) Pound 40 2S^ 

" refined, in pastilles «* fiO 85 

«• nux vomica, •• 400 2 80 

" of rhatany and valerian » '* 200 140 

•* of cinchona. " SCO 210 

" of rhubarb „ " 8 00 4 20 

" of Quiana bark and saraapariUa <* 8 00 210 

•• notspecilled. " 200 140 

FUriua, or flower of flour ^ '* 15 10^ 

Pish glue " 4 00 2 80 

Flies of Milan..., .- Qtom 1 60 1 12 

Flour, medicinal. (See farina.) 

Flower of lavender. (See lavender.) 
" of bdnsoiuw (See acid, benzoic.) 
" of verbal cum thapsus (gieat-malleln), and of 

zino Pound 1 00 70 

•« ofmaUowa. '• 20 14 

*' of common chamomile ** 13 10^ 

" of alder « •' 10 07 

" offilla ^ '• 80 21 

" ot violet •* 40 28 

" madicinaL not specified •' 25 17)^ 

Eea earth of tartar. (See acetate of potash. ) 
gaL (See root of galangaL) 
luta. (See nvts of gall.) 

Gall-nuts of the Levant or Aleppo.......... ** 25 vni 

Gelatine (Lalne's and others) " 1 60 1 12 

Gelatine, in leaves or in thread *' 80 86 

Qeijitian^ (See root of gentian.) 

Glass for cupping DoMn 100 70 

Glycerine Pound: 00 85 

Giains of paradise " 80. 21 

Gum, mastic " 8 00 2 10 

•• — '-^ •• 60 85 

«« •• 40 28 

•* «* 80 85 

« " 80 85 

" " 25 17U 

•• " 50 85 

" " 80 21 
<c 

" 50 85 

" «< 1200 840 
<c 

M 25 

•• "too 

■« *< 6(X 42 

M " 70 48 

«« M \^ 112 

•* " 60 42 

M " 80 56 

M •< 40 2ft 



^'?^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



133-XXxiv SPANISH-AMERICAN MANUAL. 

Unity 

Hartshorn, scraped ~ Pound 

" calcmcd " 

" spirits of '* 

" coucrctCi ••• ' 

Hellebore, white, in powder. (See cevadilla.) 

Herbs, medicinal, not specified " 

Homeopathic medicine chests, containing as many as 

60 bottles One 

" the same, with ns many as 120 bottles *' 

•' the same, with as many as 210 bottle*. *' 

Hostettex's Bitters, in bottles Dozen 

Hydrate of potash. (See iodine of potash.) 

Hj^drargyrum or mercury, concrete Pound 

Hydrocnlorate of ammonia ** 

Hypericum, in powder ; '* 

Hypophosphite of soda, lime, ammonia, Iron, potash 

and any other not of quinine ^.... " 

Incense. (See storax.) 

Injections, of Bron. Chabl6 and of matico, in bottles.... Doz. btlB, 

Iodide of sulphur, iron and potash Pound 

" of mercury, protho and dcuto Ounce 

•' oflead..^ Pound 

** of platino and gold Ounce 

" of zinc '. Pound 

" of silver Ounce 

Iodine and its preparations, not specified Pound 

Ipecacuanha, in powder " 

Iron, reduced by hydrogen *' 

" in powder or porphyrized ** 

" arseniate ; Ounce 

•• lactate «... Pound 

•• oxide black 

" tartrate ; 

'• valerianate 

Jalap, in root 

•• in powder 

Jalapin Onnce 

Kermes, mineral Pound 

Koosso, flowers " 

" powders, in small bottles »,.»..^„^^^»,^,.,^^ ..~-. *• 
Labarraque. (See Chloride of.) 
Lac, carminated. (See Carmine.) 
Lactate of Iron. (See Iron.) 

Lactucarium ^^,^,^ ^,«^^ " 200 140 

Laudanum. (See opium liquid.) 

Lavender, flowers «. " 10 07 

Leaves of borage, bell^onna, narrow-leaved sage, and 

cicuta 

" of stramonium and red deladera 

" of hyosciamus 

" of sabine and senna. 

" medicinal, not specified 

Lichen, Icelandic 

Licorice, whole or without leaf. (See root of licorice.) 

*' in powder „ 

Leeches Thousand 2500 

Lily of Florence. (See root of lily.) 

lime, Chloride dry, in barrels or other vessels Quintal 

Linseed " 

Lint of Linen, for surgeons Pound 

*' of cotton, for surgeons '* 

Liquid amber " 

Liquor of Donavan " 

^* disinfectant of Burnett. In bottles Dozen 

" of Labarraque. (See chloride of Labarraque.) , 

Litharge .!?:. * 16 V^ 

lithargyxnm, or oxide of lead. (See litharge.) 



Valuation 


Duty 


I025I017K 


15 


^Ti 


20 


20 


14 


SQ 


21 


600 


420 


12 CO 


8 40 


3000 


2100 


800 


5 60 


100 


70 


15 


Ifi 


25 


600 


420 


!. 8 00 


560 


500 


350 


60 


35 


400 


380 


600 


420 


500 


360 


200 


140 


480 


386 


200 


140 


200 


140 


60 


85 


60 


42 


400 


280 


10 


07 


80 


56 


(00 


850 


70 


49 


100 


70 


160 


112 


200 


140 


200 


140 


800 


210 



10 


07 


15 
80 


'°M 


20 


14 


25 
25 


i?ll 


80 


21 


2500 


1760 


10K)0 


700 


600 


420 


100 


70 


10 


07 


60 


85 


200 


140 


600 


4?0 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMEBCB. 13^XXXt 

Unity Valuation Duty 

Liver Of Rulpnur Pound $025^017 

" of antimony ; ♦* 

Lobelia in leaves, syphilitica ** 

Logwood Quintal 

Lupuli^..... '. Pound 

Lycopopum *• 

Macis*.... ** 

Magne^a, carbonate or subcarbonate .'.*..*..... !.*!!!.*.".*.*"." " 

" calcinedo ••.••••••••••••••• »•• . ** 

•* of Henry, or its Imitation, in 'small i)ottles of 

* four ounces „ Docen . 

" " liquid, in bottles to ten ounces - " 

, ** in bottles to twenty-four ounces ^ *• 

Mallo-vils seed Pound 

;Mauganese, carbonat-e «* 

•' sulphate.. " 



,,. oxide, black in powder •* 

Manna, in bulk.... .» * « *• 

' ' ' •* choice or white '** 

Mannite «* 

Mastic. (See Gum Mastic.) 

Mechoacan...... *» 

,Mercurial or blue mass ; " 

. ** preparations, not specified " 

,M6rcu^, sweet. (See CalomeL ) 

, " . protho-iodideanddeuto-iodide Ounce 

.M6zereum, bark Pound 

Milk 01 earth. (See Subcarbonate of Magnesia.) 

** autejllica of Candes in small bottles Dozen 

Milkeis. (See suckling bottles.) 

Mineral, turpeth... Pound 

.Minium or red^lead " 

Morphane and its preparations not specified Ounce 

♦* ,*. valerianate ** 

Moss of Corsica or coralline Pound 

Muriate of baryta. (See Barjrta.) 

" ; of ammonia. (See Hydro^hlorate of ammonia.) 

" ; of quinine « Ounce 

Musk,;from Tonquin ** 

" from Canton •• 

Myrrhl (3eeQumof Myrrh.) 

Narcotlna , „. " 

Nipples of cow's udder for suckling bottles Doien 

f* . of rubber •• 

Kltrateof silver, crystalized „.. Povnd 

'* of silver fused. (See Caustic.) 

»* * ofstroutian •• 

*' . of bismuth. (See Bismuth.) 

» " ■ of copper «.,.. " 

Nitre, sweet, or nitric ether •• 

, Nutmeg.^ " 

Nuxv6mica ** 

Ochre, or yellow earth. (See paint, part 2d of this 
. . siectionJ 

. Odontoid to fill teeth, in bottles of five ounces Doien 

Oil of sweet almonds Pound 

". of beneseed or seamum *' 

'^ of fcodliver, white or black Gallon 

; " thd same in flasks to the weight of sixteen ounces... Dosen 

** the same in flasksto the weight of nine ounces *' 

, *' wl^ite or of poppy seed Gallon 

" of tnanilla .!.» •* 

*' of the castor bean, in bottles Dosen 

** the same in tins or other vessels.. Gallon 

" ofcopaiva.canimeorwood. (See balsam of copaiva.) 

'• of croton tigllo. Pound 

' '• offeutoffiflbert •• 



40 


2& 


100 


70 


400 


280 


800 


210 


60 


42 


160 


106 


20 


14 


60 


42 


600 


360 


eoo 


210 


700 


490 


40 


28 


600 


420 


600 


420 


10 


E 


80 


^ 


100 


70 


200 


140 


10 


07 


2 CO 


140 


160 


112 


60 


B6 


20 


14 


900 


6B0 


200 


140 


10 


07 


400 


280 


12 00 


840 


80 


21 




■> 


100 


70 


1600 


1060 


400 


280 


200 


1^ 


100 


70 


60 


42 


1600 


1120 


60 


86 


60 


42 


80 


21 


80 


66 


60 


42 


600 


4iO 


80 
20 


a 


200 


140 


600 


ts 


800 


160 
160 


v& 


600 


420 


120 


^ 


400 


280 


160 


166 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



133-XXXVi 8PAMISU-AMERICAN liAKUAL. 

Unity Valuation Daty 

Oilof palma-christl or ricinus communis. (See oil of 
the castor bean.) 

" of empyreumatical Pound $0 30 $0 21 

*' essence of wormwood " 6 00 4 20 

«• essence of bitter almonds " 12 00 8 40 

*' essence of lavender ** 2 50 1 f 

*' essence of anise-seed ^ ** 8 00 210 

" essence of bergamote ^ — . ** 600 3 60 

** essence of common cinnamon *' 200 140 

*' essence of Ceylon cinnamon........ ** 8000 2100 

*' essence of caraway " 2 00 140 

" essence of common feverfew Ounce 2 00 14J 

*♦ essence of citron Pound 203 140 

'* essence of cloves ** 2 00 140 

** essence of neroli or orange Ounce 2 00 14) 

** essence of common juniper Pound 200 140 

•• essence of fennel ~ ** 200 140 

** essence of jessamine ** 800 210 

*' essence of lime .f. " 200 140 

** essenoe of meansanilla. (See oil, essential of 

chamomile.) 
** essence of geranium capitatum. (Rose-scented 

stork's bill.) Ounce 100 112 

*' essence of mustard. ** 200 140 

** essence of rosemary Pound 200 140 

«* essence of rose. Ounce 600 8 60 

** essence of rodio (honey suckles?) '* 200 140 

*' essence of sage Pound 200 140 

** essence of rue *• 200 140 

** essence of sabind or savin ** 200 140 

** essence of sindalo cltrino (bergamot-mint?) Ounce 100 112 

**^ essence of thyme Pomnd 200 140 

'* essence of turpentine » Gallon 120 84 

** essence of peppermint » Pound 800 210 

'* essence of Valerian ** 2000 1400 

Ointment of cantharis — ....... — ...« *' 800 210 

mercurial *• 1 00 1 12 

** Holloway's, in small boxes Dosen 240 168 

** HoUoway's, in usual boxes *' 600 420 

** HoUoway's, in large boxes « " 1200 840 

" others, not specified ... Pound 60 4^ 

'.Opium in paste *' 600 420 

" in powder " 800 560 

'* liquid or laudanum " 100 70 

: -Opodeldoc in smaU bottles of three ounces Dosen 6 00 4 20 

Orchilla « .Pound 26 TTH 

Orleana, extract lor dyeing. " 26 17>i 

Orpiment. (See arsenic yellow.) 

Oxalate of potash or salt of sorrel '* 60 42 

Oxide of bismuth " 1 60 1 12 

*• of iron. (See Iron.) 

" of zinc and of mercury «. " 100 70 

** of red of lead. (See Minium.) 

Panacea, Swain's, in bottle8....y Dozen 16 00 11 80 

Panquimagoque, purging, in bottles of 8 to 10 ounces.... ** 12 00 8 40 

*' for vomiting in pots of 4 to 6 ounces... " 400 2 80 
Paper, straining. (See part 2a of this section.) 

'* for issues in boxes of 100 papers Doz. boxes 2 00 140 

" chemical, Tavard's, in small rolls *' 200 140 

Paste, pectoral, in little boxes to four ounces» Dozen 8 00 2 10 

** of jujube Pound 60 85 

Pastilles, vermifuge of santo-nino in boxes or bottles. ... '* 2 00 1 40 
*' of ipecacuanha, gum, mallows, sulphur, told, 

menta and vichy « ** 100 70 

Paullinia, in powder, in boxes Doz. boxes 6 00 4 20 

Pectoral of anacahuita, in bottles » Dozen 6 CO 8 50 

Pearls of ether, in vials of 80 pearls Doz. ylali 6 00 3 60 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



C(»CMBBCE. 133-xxxvij 

Unity Valuatio Duty 

Pearls of ether in vials of double quautlty Dos. rials |10 00 I 7 00 

'* liquid, Kemp's for the face, in bottles " 6 00 8 60 

•* ofJDr. Clertan. (See Capsules.) 

Peruviau bark or ciuchona CAlisaya Pound 100 70 

♦♦ of other kinds, common " 25 17k 

Phosphorus •• 8 00 2 W 

Pill cutters, tools for cutting pills to 24 grooves ** 2500 17 60 

Pills, Brandreth's, in boxes of 25 pills Dot. boxes 100 70 

•' Frank's, in boxes of 25 pills ^* 820 224 

" Holloway's and Morison's in boxes to 48 pills Dozen 2 40 1 68 

" thesametol2do«en " 700 4 90 

'♦ the same to 24 dozen " 1200 8 40 

** VaUet's to 3 dozen pills *' 4 80 886 

** same to 6 dozen pilk. " 10 00 7 00 

" Blanchard*sto50pills •* 400 2 80 

" Kemp's to 80 pills •• 2Q0 1 40 

•' Bristol's *• 100 70 

*' or balls. Dr. Albret's, of turpentine, in usual 

** boxes Dos. boxes 700 490 

*' of any substance not specified Pound 4 00 2 80 

Piperiu « „ Ounce 70 49 

Pitch, burgundy..., Pound 10 07 

" castile Quintal 600 4 20 

Plasters of aU kinds Pound 1 00 70 

Plaster cloth, to 16 inches wide Vara 20 14 

" cantharldin, or Abespeyres' caustic ** 60 42 

Plumbagin, or black lead....... Quintal 6 00 4 20 

Poppies or heads of poppy Pound 60 42 

Porous plasters ; Dozen 100 70 

Potash, impure Pound 80 21 

** caustic, purified •* 70 49 

Powder of mahogany or red ochre - Quintal 4 00 280 

'» of minium. ~. Pound 10 07 

•* antiantoniacal ; ** 60 42 

" of rice and violets ** 80 56 

of rice without mixture " 25 17^ 

*' blue or ultramarine ** 70 49 

*' of scilla. « •« 40 28 

** of red precipitate •• 100 70 

" Lopez's, in vials to 5 ounces ...Dozen 800 210 

" for killing insects. (See Chrisanthemum.) 

'* mineral, Chabl6's, in packages if they come as 

powder, or in bottles if in liquid, for baths *' 100 70 

** Roger's. (See citrate of magnesia.) 

" of violets : Pound 60 85 

Precipitate, white. (See mercury sweet) 

Presses, small for corks Dozen 

Prussian blue «. Pound 

Prussiate of potash « .«. " 

" of iron. (See Prussian blue.) 

Pumice stone Quintal 

Quassia, bitter Pound 

" simaruba. (See bark of simamba.) 

Quinine and its preparations, not specified Ounce 

Quinoa, bitter » Pound 

Quinoidine. purified Ounce 

Racahout of the Arabs, in usual bottles Dozen 

Red Ochre. (See Part 2d of this section.) 
Regulus of antimony. (See antimony metallic.) 

Resin of jalap » Ounce 

Rhubarb. (See root of rhubarb.) 

Rob-antisyphilitic, in bottles of two pounds Dozen 

^* the same, in bottles of one pound ... ** 

** the same, in bottles to 8 ounces. ** 

Root of aconite, of colomba, and yellow gentian Pound 

•** angelica, dictamus and valerian " 

•* aristolocnia, long or round " 

'* arnica, pellitory, peonia, saponaria, turbith, and 

China " 



600 


420 


70 


49 


70 


49 


600 


420 


'40 


28 


100 


70 


60 


85 


100 


70 


700 


490 


20 


14 


2800 


1960 


1200 


840 


800 


210 


70 


49 


60 


85 


«) 


14 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



loC-xxxviii 



8PANI6H-AMEBICAN MANUAL. 



Root of contrayervp^ ^ ...«^....^. , 

" of Golchicum, galangal, and Illy of Florence.. 

■ " of Bcilla . 

•• of tusmeric, whole , 

•* of the same, in powder 

" of jalap. (See jalap.) 

*' of ipecacuanha « ; , 

" of licorice 

" ' of milkwot or poligala „.., 

*• of white ginger , 

" of gray ginger. 

" ' of rhubarb, whole.. 



of the same, in powder 

• of ratania 

" of serpentariai. 

" of tormentilla 

Roots, medicinal, not specified.. 

Rose, dry , 

Rotten stone 



Unity Viluation 

..* Pound 1100 
25 
80 
16 
25 



160 

20 

100 

40 

80 

160 

200 

100 

100 

80 

30 

20 

10 

80 

60 



Roucou, in paste 

Rye _ 

Saffl*on. (See part 2d of this section.) 

Salatron.. Pound 

Salep of Persia '* 

Salicin Ounce 

Salt of , wormwood, or of tartar. (See carbonate of 

potash.) 

" of sorrel. (See oxalate of potash.) 

" of ammonia. (See hydrocnlorate of ammonia.) 

'* of aconite or aconitlne „ «.. Ounce 

" of digitalis or digitaline *• 

" Glauber Quintal 

" volatile of England Pound 

" of iron ** 

'* of England or Epsom Quintal 

'* of niter Pound ' 

" of prunella or crystal mineral «• 

, ** of Rochelle or of Seignette '* 

•' or sugar of lead. (See acetate of lead.) •* 

Sanders, red •* 

Santonlci semen. (See semen contra.) 

Santonin Ounce 

SarsapariUa, of Bull's extract in bottles to 10 ounces Dozen 

^' . Townsend's, in bottles of 10 ounces :.... •• 

'* Townsend's, in bottles of 24 ounces ** 

*' Bristol's, in usual bottles ** 

** Murray's, In bottles ** 

** Lanman's, in bottles " 

•* Corbet's syrup, in bottles of 24 ounces ** 

*' Dr. Albret's. (See wine of sarsaparilla.) 

Sassafras Pound 

Scammony from Smyrna •• 

" in biscuits '* 

Secale cornut. (See Rye.) 
Seed of anise. (See Anise.) 
" of caraway. (See Caraway.) 
" of cardamomum. (See Csjrdamomum.) 

*• of coriander «..« «... ** 

•• oflin. (See Linseed.) 

*' of lin in powder " 

" medicinal, not specified " 

delenite, for dyeing the hair, in usual bottles Dosen 

Senna. (See leaves of.) 

*• In powder Pound 

Simamba. (See bark of.) 

** in powder ** 

Soap, medicinal or amygdallne, or animal for opodeldoc " 

Soda, caustic, common for soap '* 

*' hydrosulphate. 



80 
20 



2500 

1500 

1000 

20 

10 

400 

25 

40 

80 

80 



50 
600 
500 

10 00- 
800 

12 00 
800 
500 

10 

12 00 

200 



Duty 
*070 

"g 

10% 

n% 

112 
14 
70 
28 
21 
112 
140 
70 
70 
21 
21 
14 
07 
66 
85 

21 
14 
66 



17 60 

1050 

700 

14 

07 
280 

21 
21 
21 



420 
860 
7C0 
560 
8« 
560 
360 

07 
840 
140 



15 10% 



purging, in little boxes of 12 doses 



10 

10 

800 

80 

70 
10 
10 
100 



.Dos.boxM 800 



07 

07 

210 

21 

48 
07 
07 
70 
210 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMBRCE. ISS-XXXix 

Unity Vj 

Soda, cooling in little boxes of 12 doses ^..^ Doz. bxs. 

•* purging, in usual bottles J>oz. btls. 

'* sodium metal Ounce 

'* solaniim dulcamara, raw or cut up Pound 

•' spatula for druggists Dozen 

Spirits or sweet nitre « Pound 

" of ammoniacal salt (See spirits of ammonia.) 

" of hartshorn '* 

" of minderous. (See acetate of ammonia) 

*• of nutmeg ** 

•' of rosemary « ** 

*' of jessamine ^^ " 

" of cochlearia « ^ " 

" not specified -^ *• 

Storax .^ « •* 

Strychnine ^^ . Ounce 

Spirits of turpentine In tin cans or in barrels. Gallon 

Spongiopilina « Pound 

SquiU fsciUa maritima) ^ «* 

Subcarbonate of magnesia or white magnesia *' 

Subnitrate of bismuth, pearl-white or qfeite-yrhlXe, (See 
. Bismuth.) 

. Succinum. (See amber yeUow.) 

, Suckling bottles, common, of glass ^ Dozen 

** bottles of glass and rubber ^ „ *' 

" mechanic or with spring................. '* 

Suet of antimony „...., » Pound 

" of cacao *......«. " 

Sulphate of copper............................... *' 

Sugar of milk " 

'^ of lead. (See acetate of lead.) 
'Sulphate of ooprper. (See stone causttc.) 

** of alumina, Iron and magnesia - Quintal 

'• of morphine « «.. Ounce 

" of mercury - Pound 

** of potash or tartar Tttriolated.' '* 

'* of quinine Ounce 

" of soda. (See salt glauber.) 

'* of lino or white Titrlol » Pound 

Sulphur in paste - - Quintal 

^* flower or sublimated in powder *' 

4talphuret of potash Pound 

Suppositories of rubber Dozen 

•Syrups, pectoral in bottles to one pound ** 

" aepuratory in bottles to one pound » *' 

Talo of Venice in powder Pound 

Tannin, or tannic acid ** 

Tartar, emetic ** 

" yitriolated. (See sulphate of potash.) 
Tincal. (See borax.) 
Tincture anodyne. (See opium liquid.) 

" purging. Le Rot's. (See panguimagog.) 

*' tonio ethereal, in botUes. Dosen 

" crowned essence, in bottles -.. " 

Tonic, Kemp's Oriental, for the hair in usual bottles ** 

Tragacanth.. (See gum tmgacanth.) 

Treacle of Venice ^ Pound 

Tricophems, Barry's in usual bottles Dozen 

Tripoli - - Pound 

Trumpets, of rubber, for the deaf - Dozen 

*^ of tin, the same " 

" of metal — ** 

Trussea of all kinds and siies .......—. ** 

Turpentine* purified..— ...-.m.^...^ -..-..-.. Pound 

_ " of Venice Uquld - " 

Turmerio. (See root of turmeric) 

Tumsol " 

'Tutia, prepared ~ " 

Vltramarine, fine ^.» Pound 

' " inferior quaUty " 



luatiott 
1200 


1% 


500 


350 


500 


850 


15 
800 


??o 


80 


21 


50 


85 


50 


85 


80 


21 


250 


175 


60 


42 


100 


70 


25 
400 


V^ 


120 


84 


200 


140 


80 


21 


20 


14 


70Q 


490 


700 


4£0 


1000 

100 


'?8 


70 


49 


10 


07 


50 


85 


400 


280 


400 


280 


100 


70 


20 


14 


100 


70 


25 
600 


U 


1000 


700 


25 
100 


"^ 


6C0 


420 


700 
10 


*?? 


400 


280 


100 


70 


8000 


2100 


8000 


2100 


200 


140 


100 


70 


200 


140 


25 
600 


i'S 


400 


280 


2000 


1400 


1000 


700 


20 


14 


60 


85 


80 


21 


20 


14 


600 


420 


70 


49 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



133-xl SPANISH- AMEBIC AN MANUAT,. 

Unity Valuation Duty 

Valerianate of Iron. (See iron.) 

" of quinine « Ounce 1100 $070 

of zinc •• 100 70 

Varnish, resinotis. (See part 2d of this section.) 

Veratrin " 400 2 80 

VerdiCTise Pound 80 21 

Vermifuge, Vo^eler's, in bottles of two ounces Dozen 2 60 1S2 

Vermilion, of China, fine Pound 140 €S 

'• common „ « ** 60 42 

Vinegar, radical. (See acid acetic.) 
Violet. (See flower of.) 
Vitriol, white. (See sulphate of zinc.) 
•* blue. (See sulpnate of copper.) 

Water, mineral, in bottles ^ Dozen 2 00 140 

** of Rousseau, in peculiar flasks *' 200 140 

** erigtoal of Chabie, in peculiar flasks ** 800 210 

" kalidor in peculiar flasks •• 10 OO 700 

" of orange double, barbadoes, cftrmen, lATender, 
melisse, lareina, laurel -cerezo, Florida, etc. (See 
part 2d of this section.) 

White-lead in lump or T>owder Pound 15 lOM 

'* inoil. (Seepaintsinoil,PartIIofthig8ec.) 

Wine of colchicum, Andurrittn's, in bottles Dozen 1200 840 

" of sarsaparilla. Dr. Albrets, in bottles ** 12 00 8 40 

** 6f cinchona to 20 ounces ^ '* 2000 1400 

M medicinal, not specifled ^ ^....... BotQe 60 8S 

TeOowcffehiome. (See chromate of lead.) 

Hcmdoran vessels are placed at the ports of the United States on 
the same footing as those of the latter, with respect to duties, im- 
posts, and charges. 

Upon the arrival of a vessel at a port of Honduras she is visited 
by an officer of the customs, who oemands her clearance from the 
port of departure, and information on the nature cd her cargo. The 
master must produce within twenty-lour hours a manifest in tri- 
plicate of the cargo to the chief officer of the custom house 

The port charges at Hondnran ports are about as follows, the items giren 
being for Omoa: Clearance and manifests, |2; tonnage dues, 25 cents per ton 
legisier for vessels of l&O tons and upwards. A ship of about 610 tons, taking 
725 tons of fustic, would have to pay about |700. Import dues on merchandise* 
40 per cent, ad valorem. Lumber, bricks, and machinery are free. 

The treaty existing between Salvador and the United States 
stipulates that the vessels of either nation, no matter where th^ 
come from, or how laden, shall be treated at the ports of the other, 
as regards tonnage, light dues, or any other charges whatsoever, 
as national vessels. The coasting trade has been reserved to 
the national flag. Any favors granted to anv other foreign nation 
by cither of the contracting jwirties, will apply equally to the other. 
With respect to imjKxrt duties, imports into Salvador on vessels of 
the United States, no matter whence the merchandise came, or 
what its origin is, must be subjected to the same duties, charges, 
and fees, as similar imports in vessels of Salvador ; and if these 
imports consist of articles, the growth, produce, or manufacture of 
the United States, they cannot be made to pay higher or other 
duties than other similar imports, the growth, produce, or manu- 
facture of any other foreign country. The same rules apply in 
ports <^ the United States to impoits cm Salva4toran vessels. 

The only port charges levied on vessels inports of Salvador are 10 cents per 
register ton, and an entry fee of {5 to |15. Tne principal sources of revenue 
were the customs duties, and the taxes on spirits. The tariff of im]x>rt8 was 
quite moderate tiU 1885. In March of that year the government decreed urn 
increase of 20 '-^r cent, of the import duties, payable in gold. Then.«n th« 
7th of July, by another decree, it dispensed with the formality of legalisatloB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMSBCB. 134 

Of IxkToioefl and manifests abroad for ports of Salvador. THe government col- 
lects one dollar export duty on every 100 pounds of coffee. 

Nicaragua is entitled by treaty ^ith the United States to have 
her vcbsAb and their cargoes treated at the ports of the latter on 
the footing of the most favored nation. This stipulation is equally 
applied to American vessels in Nicaragnan ports. 

The port charges payable by vessels in Nicaraguau ports are the following: 
tonnage duty. 10 cents per ton; custom-house fees, for vessels discharging 
only 16.25, and for vessels discharging and loading, |15.25. In Corinto, the 
broker's charge for entering and clearing a vessel, |16; pilotage, per foot 
draught, S3; lighterage, |1 per ton put into the warehouse; in San Juan del 
Sur, the charges are the same as at Corinto. In San Juan del Norte the ex- 
penses of a vessel of 230 tons are set down at 163.60. Water is abundant and 
good at fl.60 per cask. San Juan del Norte, otherwise known as Greytown, it 
a free port, the town being entirely dependent on the profits accnung ^m 
the carnring trade, and from the exportation of India-rubber, which is m fad 
the only article of export A large portion of the carrying trade has been di- 
verted to other channels, because of the rapid silting up with sand of the river 
and harbor. The export of India-rubber has greatiy diminished, because 1^ 
injudicious and excessive bleeding of the trees, a large number of them havo 
perished. The custom house for entering goods going into the interior of th» 
republic is at Castillo. 70 miles up the river. Import dues at San Juan del SHr» 
6 per cent. No export duties. 

Coeta Kica and the United States have a treaty which places the 
vessels and cargoes of either country on the footing of the most 
favored nation at the ports of the other. Bat in Costa Bica, ram^ 
fire-arms, and monitions of war cannot he imported without a 

?ermit from the Costa Rican government, previously obtained, 
dbacco, gunpowder, and saltpetre can he introduced only on 
government account. 

The existing tariff of imports was adopted by the national government 1h 
September, 1^. It establishes a specino duty per kilogram, dividing th» 
articles imported into ten classes. 

Colombian vessels and their cargoes enjoy, in ports of the 
United States, all the pnvile^s that are accorded to those of the 
most favored nation. The stipulations are reciprocal. 

PoBT Regulations. The captains of foreign vessels must deliver their papcra 
to their respective consuls, and obtain from these a certificate to that effect* 
which certificate must be produced at the custom house within 48 hours. 
Vessels from foreign ports must have their manifests certified by the Colom- 
bian consul, or if there be none, by the consul of a friendly nation; if there 
be no consul, then by two respectable merchants. The manif estmust give the 

-..,.,. , , ^ ,classof 

, where 



The following are the usual port charges payable by vessels: tonnage dues, 
|1 for every ton of 1,000 kilograms of cargo landed; at Santa MartA, besides the 
above, pilotage from |5 to to {10; harbor dues, $6 per vessel; light dues. 2H 
cents per ton; vessels coming from another port of the republic pay only naif 
the light dues. Mail steamers are exempt from port charges. The expense of 
a vessel of 600 tons discharging at Santa Marta, and sailing in ballast, are 
about 11025. At Cartagena, pilotage is included in the tonnage dues. Water 
is scarce and worth |1 per ton. Foreign vessels of 250 tons, loading wood at 
Rio Hacha, pay about f280 for all expenses. At PanamA, no pilot be^ng 
needed, no pilotage need be incurred. The port being free, there are no ton- 
nage dues to pay. Whariage ranges from 75 cents per day for vessels under 50 
tons, to $3.75 for vessels exceeding 50 tons to and over 850 and under 400 tons; 
and 25 cents x>er day for each additional 60 tons. Light money, from |1 for 
vessels under 100 tons to |7 for over 800 tons. At Colon, which is also a free 
port, there is no tonnage duty to be paid. Vessels, however, have to pay the 
following charges: light dues: under 200 tons, f 8; under 800 tons, |6; and over 
SOOtena 17 per vessel. Wharfage: vessels of 20O to 250 tons, pay |B per da7» 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMHBBCB. 



134-1 



I I 



^§ 



I 


«0 


1 


1 


c« 


8 
.•5 


<o 


a 


10 






1 


-* 


li 


00 


ii 


04 


^1 


p4 







F 







to 


•s 






1 


1 


1 


OQ 


fl 



I 



I 



II 



09 



5* 

II 

<§ 

111 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



134-ii 



SPANISU-AMERICAH MANUAL. 



9 

.s 

9 a 



g <« 

s II 

2 S°° 

s "S ^ 

o a •« 

I. 8S 

•I ii 



I 



•§ 



§ 



I 



II 


lO 






-^! 


-^ 


1 


1 


CO 


1 




1 


« 


1 


iH 



a 



.a 

GQ 

s 

. 






I 



o 

§ 



1 

1 



IS 



If 



25 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



COMMEBCB. 185 

•nd for every 60 tons register over 260 tons, 25 cents additional per day* Ves- 



to haul in and out of port. Vessels on entering are Ylsited by the harbor- 
master, who assigns them berths; and after dischai^ng must anchor outside 
the buoys; steamers and regular traders excepted. Pilotage: from |15 to |80, 
according tosize. Ballast: the cost is f 2 to $2.60 per ton. Labor: f 1.50per day. 
There is neither dry-dock nor tow-boat at this port There is facility for re- 
piliilng machinery. 

The tariff which went into operation on the 1st of October, 1885, ranges the 
import duties from one cent to ^.20 per kilogram. The free list includes arti- 
cles for the use of the government, property of representatives of foreign gov- 
ernments, and the naturalproductions of such countries as may enter into the 
reciprocal treaties with Colombia. The Importation of money of inferior 
standard is forbidden; also of machinery for making money, arms, and muni- 
tions of war. Machinery weighing more than 1,000 kilograms pays one cent 
per kilogram ; not exceeoing that weight, five cents per kilogram. The extra 
war duty of 15 per cent, on goods consumed in the department of Bolivar 
since 1878, was on January Ist, 1886, reduced to 10 per cent The extra 60 per 
cent levied on intranal taxes in the same department, as a war tax, was abol- 
iiAied. 

Cnstonui Tariff of Colomblm* 

Kon.—KiloframAe— 8.204 lbs. avoirdupois. Peso, 4s. 2d. 

Tabifv Classification. Bates of Dutt 

Fs.Oa. 
▲rtioletcflood:— 
Potatoes, onions, com, rice, peas, beans and all kinds of vegetables 

and iresh fruit...«........... . « «...Kilog. aoi 

Garlic «.. — «. " 0.06 

Flour, including sago, arrowroot, tapioca, com meal and all similar 

prodvcts „ „ « Kilog. OM 

Codfish and salt meats, and fresh fish and meats „„ " 0.05 

Sogar «. „ „ " 0.06 

Hazel nuts, nuts and almonds in the shell, and all unprepared food 

not otherwise distinguished ».» » »„ ».Kilog. 0.10 

Vermicelli and similar preparations *f 0.10 

.Pxep&red food, such as motadelas, salmon, hams, sweetmeats, confec- 
tionery, preserved and dried f raits, etc., and all pickles and condi- 
ments not specially distinguished .....Kilog. 0.20 

Olives in barrels. ...- «... «* 0.10 

Tea. « „ " a70 

Cinnamon ** 0.80 

Baffton „ „ *• 1.20 

Anise-seed. « " 0.20 

Ice..... ., « " LOO 

Salt « «.U2>^ Kilos. 1.20 

Ziqnors:^ 

Beer and other fermented liquors. Kilog. 0.06 

Barley, must, and other articles, fermented or unf ermented, liquid or 

solid. f(» making beer » TKilog. 

Red wine, common, in pipes, barrels and demijohns Kilog. 

White wines, sweet and dry, in pipes and barrels «..«. ** 

All other wines „.. •* 

Spirituous liquors, such as brandy, rum, gin, whisky, rosolis, etc. and 

all condensed liquors for making the same. ......Kilog. 0.40 

Other liquids:— 

Vinegar in barrels « ....Kilog. 0.05 

Olive oil « „ " 0.10 

Linseed oil for preparing paints " 0.10 

Writing ink» black •* a05 

Writing ink, other colors « " aiO 

Printers' ink, liquid and solid ^ « « ^ •* 0.01 

Liquid, except i>erfumery and others specially mentioned ....... *' OiSi 

Cotton:— 
Qrey eotton tissves, without brocade or seams ..^..KOof . 0l4II^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



136 8PANI8H*AXBBIOAN MANUAL. 

Tabxft CLABsmcAnoiff. Bates oy Dorir 

Cotton:— Pi. C& 



0^ 
0.60 

aao 



a90 

Lao 

aeo 

0.90 

a20 
aio 
a20 

'Hemp and Flax>- 

Bmpty bags made of hemp and slmUar materiala ,„^.,.^^„.».JCi}&g, .0,(KlH 

OsnabnrsrSi^eoMa ^,. •* 0.10 

Common, nnbleached cloth, mch as oiehnelas, brown hollands. sAn '^ . 

and tent canyas. with the exception of drills........................».^log. 0.80 

White and printed crehnelas " 0.40 

Fine unbleached doth, with the exception of drills and other articles - , 

specified elsewhere. ....Kllog. QM 

Unoleached drills, white or coloTed creas, nlatillas, diapers, staff for . 
making tahle-cloths. napkins and towels, hed-coyem, stnif for mat- 
tresses, tapes, sheeting, and similar material not otherwise men- 
tioned, provided they naye no seams or embn^derj of any kind 

Kilor. 0i80 



Handkerehiefk, caps, stockings, fl^oves, britannlas. coqniUo, estc^^ 
las. picardias, Irish linens, layales, batists and printed stntni in 
Imitation of cotton, fringes, tapes, tassels and^ similar goods, 
leady-made clothing withovt embroidery or lace or any other trim- ' 

ming which may snbject the goods to higher duties «.. Kilotf; LOO 

AB kinds of embroidered stafRi or lace-work and imitations therecn, 
inclading lace. Insertions, Ac., and ready-made clothing not other- 

wisejproyided for Kilog. Lao 

Thread and yams ........................................................................ *' 0.40 

Tarred cordaro and cables........^......................... '* 0.06 

Cordage not diBtingni8hed..........»......M............................. ... " 0.90 

Varnished matting for floors and oil-doth for carriages, not indnding 
that ased as table covers ..........................................................Kilog. 0.70 

Wool:- 

Unmannfactvred Kilog. 0.06 

Blankets ...... " 0.60 

Yams. «.. .... .„ ............ " 0.60 

Carpets and rugs ** 0.70 

Baize, frlese and flannels........................................................... '* JO • 

Light fancy goods for dresses, all kinds of embrddered or laoe work, 
and imitations thereof, incmding laces, insertions, etc., and ready- 
made clothing Kilog. Lao 

All other materials not otherwise distlngaished..................... '* 1 00 

811k:— 

Threads. * Kilog. L90 

Brocades and other tissues embrddered with gold, silver and other 

metals, also metal threads... Kilog. LaO » 

Ai|l(ilea made of horse-hair and other materials not otherwise men- ^ / 
«Sed. Kilog. btOO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMERCB. 137 
TABXFT ChABeEWlCAXlOlX. BATB8 OF DUTT 

Pi.Ca. 
Oil-elotbi lor fvnitaie and table-cloths not otherwiae dlitingiiialMd 

Kilo?. 0.60 

Bamplaa, not exeeedinc 25 kfloaimmei in welf^t.. Ttit, 

Articles made of Beyeral matenalB pay the dnty applicable to the com- 
ponent material of chief yalne ^... ~ 

Indla^nibber:* 

Uhinannfactnred........ .».. » ....KUog. 0.40 • 

Shoeaand boots of all kinds, Ule-presenrers, materials for making , 
le^bgs itamarroe), and water-proof cloaks (ruatuu), without silk 

• or wool... «. Kilog. 0l8O 

Pip^ and hose for pomps, itoains and roofs, material prepared for 

* machinery and flooring, excepting pipes for fire engines, which 

■ pAyl per cent, per kilog « Kilog. 0.06 

Corks Andljottle-stoppers. « *• 0.10 

Elastiesfor sfaoe8» »« 0.60 

Bncovere<l buttons— „ '» 0.40 

liinufaGtured in any form not otherwise distinguished..... " LOO 

B^es, skins and leather :— 

uhAianufactured, except as patent leather. ...^......^.....^Kllog. • a20 

Patent leather, unmanufactured ,, ^«. ** 0.80 

Shoes.;. " 1.00 

Qloves,eap9, furs for trimming, pocket-books, olgar-caees, pouches, 

,etc... Kilog. LfiO 

M anuf actured in any shape not otherwise distinguished........^ ** 1.00 

Qamesa for carts and carriages ^..^.......^......m....... " 0.10 

Earthenware :~ 

Earthenware and stoneware in any form ......................Kilog* 0.10 

V *' inporcelfUnandtalaYera.» »^ ** 0.20 

Pots or panS) empty bottles and common crockery....................* " o (i/2\C 

Tubes for pumps, drains and roofB.....M........»«................^........ *' OM 

Cmtal and glass:— 
Bemijohns and common bottles of black glass, or of light-colored 

glass for liauids « Kilog. OlOI 

Flasks and yiais of common glass for liquids. *< 0.02K 

Plain i^ass, not quicksilverea.. „.. •« 0.0? 

Looking glasses, not exceeding 25 centimetres *' 0.20 

** . ** exceeding 25 centimetres ** 0.40 

Beads, pearUi, quills, bugles, trinkets and Jewels, glasses for watches 

1 and spectacles, etc.. Kilog. 0.60 

Glass, manofaetHied, in any other form not otherwise distinguished 

Kilog. 0.20 

White, y^ow and laarel colored, not manufactured....... »..Kilog. 0.80 

Manufactured in candles and other forms ** 0,40. 

Spermaceti, not manufactured ..........................................Kilog. 0.20 

** manufacturedincandles,etc......— .....—........».......— " 0^80 

Stearipe and parai&ne, not manufactured— „ ** a05 

" •• in candles, etc .-......» „»...-«^ «* <^20 

Tallow, raw....i-.~ ».......—.. " 0.01 

Tallow or other candles, not otherwlsejnentioned^ .—• *• o.20 

Stearic acid ..................«»....——..................... ** 0.01 

Petroleum. ...........................»„....-m^ -^ '* 0.10 

Wooden matches................<». ..«...— ^^ .....^..........^ '* 0.20 

Wax msttches................................. » •...-——-...• *' a60 

Drugs and medicines:— 

' Common, not otherwise mMnHnn^A , ..y^^^^ qjO 

Sulphur and alum —-.........•.............. ....—. ^ ** Ol20 

Sulphuric acid and saltpetre........ <»............... ** 0.06 

Potash and caustic soda, the ashes and salts of soda, pine-resin, and 

the Eubcarbonates of potash and soda. Kilog. 

(The term ** medicines^' comprises All articles used in sickness, suen 
as trusses, braces, etc., but not pots and utensils of earthenware, 
etc.. Bsed by druggists, nor surgical instruments, etc., ana other 
similar articles which pay accorcQng to their respective categories.) 



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133 * BPAKI»U-AM£RICAN MANUAL. 

TASIFT CLA88IFICATI0K. RATES OF DUTT 

Perfumerj and aoftp:— Pi. Ci. 

Florida, DiTtna, and Kananga watera.......^^...^ ^.....^..Kilog. aso 

All other articles of perfumery and for the toilet, inch as esseaoea. 
soaps, creams, xasor-strops, tooth and clothes brashes, ttq^ not 

otherwise mentioned........^.....<» ^ »^^^„^..^^ lulog. L20 

• Common oil soap .^......»..»....«^....^»^..»».....^^^.^^ " 0.30 

Common resin and tallow soap^.......^.^...^...^^.^.....^ '* 0.0ft 

Paper and cardboard:— 
Paper for periodicals, pamphlets, and cixcnlais, white, wlthoKtfwn, 

and colored for printing .........^..... ^.Kilog. 0.05 

Brown and other common paper for wrapping and packing " 0.01 

Sand paper .»^.......^........*m...mm.....^....m.m. ** .0.01 

Cigarette paper, ^ ^....^..» " 0.06 

Writing paper, envelopes, and similar materials not otherwise men- 
tioned!...!. ^^^Z^ Kikig. 0.20 

Banknote paper Olorete).....^^.... — ...................^..............^........ '* 0.1f 

Paper, ruled xor mnslc......^....^.....^... ..^...^....^.^..........^ *' 0.80 

Blank books, ruled and anrttled« and memoranda.........^......... " a40 

Printed books...». — . ^....^....^ ^ •« 0.10 

Pictures, maps, and engrayings of all kinds, and musie in maau- 

script or printed.....^ Kilog. 0.49 

outer sUverad paper •• 0.49 

Wall paper and paper marbled or painted for bookbinding and other 

purposes Kilog. 0.20 

Cardboard for printing, bookbinding, lithographr and other indus- 
trial uses.. ^. Kilog. a05 

Cardboard, other " 0l20 

Wood:— 
Woods for building, such as poles and beams, sleepers for railway*, 
quarters and boards not planed or polished, common woods, 
planed, and wood for caUnet work, planed or not, and unmodelled, 

with the exception of wood for Teneering. » .^ ...Kilog. 0.01 

Veneerinff.. ..... •• , •m.m.. ** 020 

Mouldings, carvings and ornaments for furniture, and giflt and un- 

gilt frames ., ^ Kilog. 0.80 

Bedsteads, large dining tables, wardrobes and large presses for cloths 

or other useik without mirrors, carvings, or inlud work JUlog. a06 

Famiture of au kinds with mirrors, oarvings, inlaid work, or woolen 

or silk upholstering ...KUog. 0.80 

Famiture not otherwiso specified.................... '* 0.20 

JTote — (In the term "fnmftnre" aia not included mattresses, etc, 
which are imported separately.) 

Statues, images and altars for churches........................... Kilog. 0.20 

Organs and pianos <* 0.10 

Harmoniums, barrel-organs aad barps....^....... ** aao 

Other musical instruments ^ ^.^ " 0.S0 

Pencils (for writing and for carpenters).. ** 0.20 

Moulds and roles (for mechanical purposes)........ '* O.20 

Bellows for furnaces.^ ** 0.06 

Bellows of all kinds, except for furnaces.......^...... " 0.20 

Saddle-trees, uncovered " 0.20 

Buckets and bowls " 0.05 

Barrels, pipes and casks, mounted or otherwise, for dry goods and 

liquors « -. ..KUog. 0.02J< 

Taps for barrels and pipes '* 0.05 

Common wooden boxes, roughly made, mounted or not, for packing 

^il^! 0.02>i 

Small boards for match-boxes, and wood for matches...... ......... ** 0.05 

Cars and carriages for railways ». Free. 

Carts and wheelbarrows.. „ ......Kilog. •0.02>^ 

Coaches and carriages of all kinds ** 0.05 

.Velocipedes.....^.............. -...........-«...- ».. •* 0.40 

Boats, mounted or not, intended for the navigation of the inland 

waters of the Republic ^ „ ........Kilog. 0.01 

Oars for boats ».. » '* 0.05 

Windows, doors, etc., imported separately ».. " 0.05 



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m 

TABIfrCl.AaafIfl4TI0V. BAtMWDUXt 

Wood:^ Sli,C& 
lUehlnery for botti, meohanioAl, IndvitrU]* ajticnltmalaadinialnf 

WpQrpoi6t~»... ^>.«^.«»........^...«.^ KllQg. 0.06 

alk&igittoti.^. ,.,^». ^......„.^,.„^ ^...^ '• OJO 

Wood, mannfaotiivedt In any other tomu not dlitingnlihed...^ ** 0.40 
Emptv neks, nado of slMl-hemii. with or withoat pitch or paper tar- 

paalln, and the material for nuiking theni...^.......^...^;.^^......KilQg. ao^ 

Hay ^ ...^....«^...««^......-^ «-^ " 0.01 

Straw for malring hats ^.,...^.,.^...,»^..^.»,.„^.».,.,^,.,^ ** 0.05 

Haoeveed, stiaw and common twigs, nnmanofaetoxed or in brooms 

Kilog. 0.06 

Baskets made of wloker-wofk..^......... „.^....,^..^ ..^^.^ ** 0.20 

Mattfaigs of aU kinds... ...^„»^ ...,.,.,.»^.,^..^,....^^..,. '* 0.06 

Iron and steel:" 

Iron, not mannfeetnred - t —t --TTmr- -tt-th -^-i- TTitK^lfy. 0.01 

Bails and other materials for pnbliorailway8.........M.»..«»......^ Free. 

Bails not intended f orpublio Bse........«....«^.....«i........ .....^....■.Kilog. 0.06 

Boats or parts of the same... ,,..,„,,„,. , ,, <• o.Ql 

Anchors and gnmnels for smaill>oats..............M......MM....MM.. . " 0.023^ 

Bridges for pnbuo roads ...^.............. .....»...• .. ** 0.06 

Gasometers, tubes and lamps, for pnblio «se. Vtee^ 

Triegraph wire for pnblie nses......^..... " 

Telegraph wire for piiyafee nses.................................... .Kiloft. dOHyC 

Steelwue for fencing and staples and other articles used in fbdng ft 

KOog. 0.01 

Bailing for onyuaaating pnblio boildings and sqnares...^...... Free. 

Lightning condBctors..»....... ......«........—.............»..»........................ *' 

Pipes for pnblio drains and pnblio foantains...... ............................... . *' 

Lanterns, etc, for lighthonBes.*^.......................^.............. ...JUlog. 0.01 

Clocks fOT towers, including dials and btils mm....... ». '* 0J02% 

Houses and gslTanized tiles and plates for roofing the same...... *' 0.01 

Balu8t?ading for buildings, doors and windows, when imported 

s^Muately...^-^..^ ~. .^........m............... .JKOng. 0.06 

FircPengine8.............»..... «».......«....« •• aoi 

Hydraiuio pumps and engines witii pumps and other parts of the 

same.............. .«»Kilog. 0.0S 

Madiinery for manafaeturittg and mining purposes ......«^......... '* 0.01 

Madiinerj for agricultursl purposes ^„„.^ " 0.02^ 

Machinery for mechanical and Industrial purposes........ ..» ** 0.06 

Ifoehinery not otherwise distinguished* and not exceeding_l,000 

kilograms in weight.....>...M........>^*.>..... iKilog. a06 

Ifachfnery of every kind exceeding 1,000 kilos, in weight........ '* 0.01 

Presses for bookbinding, printing, and lithography ................. ** 0.0^ 

Tin plates......... „ " 0.06 

Lane boilers..... » „... " a06 

Water tanks..- .m. « .^^ .........m»m..mm " 0.01 

Ore crushers .««.. ^......m........^...... '* 0.06 

AuTils and pulley-blocks ** 0.06 

Ploughs »........— ** OM}^ 

Plates and rods not Included under unmanufactured iron: bedsteads 
heavy chains, iron safes, nails and tacks, cooking ntensHs. lined or 
not with tin. smoothing irons and heavj tools for agricultural, 
quarrying and mining purposes, such as noes, crowbars, shovels, 
axes. Ifurge augers, spades, stone hammers, picks, drills and 

hatcheto and similar tools, etc., for felling timber .........Kilog. 0.05 

TooltB for blacksmiths, stone-masons, carpenters and bricklayers '* 0l2B 

Lasts « 0.20 

Furniture and wire, rings, butto, hinges, screws and sj^ngs for the 

same « Kilog. 0.20 

Tire-irons, wheels, axles, springs, dc, for carts and carriages.* ** 0.06 
Levers, weights and steel-yards for weighing more than 100 kilo- 
grams.... ..^.........^.....Kilog. 0.10 

Ditto, for weighing up to 100 kilogrammes ». ** 0.20 

Cnrrvcombs and leashes »»........« ** 0.20 

Kitchen utensils and other articles, tinned " 0.20 

Knives, such as bookbinders* and shoemakers' knives • ** 0.20 

Cutlery, not otherwise distinguished » ** 0,40 



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140 8PAKISH-AlC£BtOAM MANUAL. 

TAKtry GLAfKFICAnON. RATBSOFDUTT 

Hon and Steel:— PB.Ci.' 

Side-amiB, fli^Anni; etc., laeliidiiiflr gran ..........^ ** ' 1.00 

Po<$ket-knives and Bcissors, with haf ta of ivory, pearl, 6lect]^>-plate 
and Brlttannia metal; gun tabes; beads, gilt or silvered; pencil- 
cases, tewelfl and all articles, gilt or silvered, or made of German 

silver and electro-plate « « *.«.......« ^.Kilog;. LOO : 

Steel, in bars or rods, for manulaotnring purposes, and drillB... " 0.^ 

Iron and steel in any form, not otherwise distinguished. '* 0.40 ' 

Copper and brass:— 

Copper or brass, not manof actured, in bars or ingots — jl 4 ...Kilog. 0.10 

Plates of every kind « *• 0.10 

Fans or boilers or other articles, the weight of whicli exceeds 25 

kilograms -i.Kilog. 0.20- 

Articles weighing more than 600 grams but less than 25 kilo* 

.grams.... ~ Kilog. 0.40 " 

Articles weighing less than 500 grams « " 0.^ 

Jewellery, beads, tape, spangles, fringes, tubes, threads and similar 

articles and ^ectro-plated articles and percussion caps. KUog. 1.00 

. Statues for public buildings and squares. Free* 

T?ln:— 

Ingots ...... ..Kilog. 0.10 

Plates and all other articles...... . ** 0.40 

Dust and sheets „...............^ ........ ** 0.50 

-Lead:— ' . t . 

ingots «„ KUog. 0.10 

Sheets, tubes and other articles, exceeding 6 kilograms in weight, 

shot, printing-typo and ingots, not intended for mines........ ...Kilog. 0.05 

Toys and tin sheets ....; " '0.70 

Covers for bottles « ....*.. " .0.10 

tin any form not otherwise mentioned *' 0.40 ' 

Zinc:— . 
Unmanufactured, in sheets or plates. Including that used for roofing 

and in tubes ....Kilog. 0.05 - 

Manufactured in any other forni.......f..............».......f, <....» " 0.40 



Quicksilver:— 

For mines ..M.........................i.i..MKilog. 0J03% 

For other uses o............................^,...... *' 0.20 



Gold:- 

Inbars «..Kilog. 0,(0% 

Coins not less than 90 per cent, fine Free.. 

Manufactured in any other form Kilog. 1.20 

Silver:- 

In bars « Kilog. 0.0254 

Coins not less than 90 per cent, fine Free. 

Manufactured in any form Kilog. 1.20' 

Powder, coarse and common, for mines, In barrels or other packiEiges, 

not exceeding 2 kilograms in weight ..Kilog. 0.0& 

Gun-cotton (tontto), for mines.. " 0.05- 

Fine powder (moataeilla), in cans or other packages, and all powders 

not included in the preceding categories.. : Kilog. 0.60 

Fireworks « « " 0.7p 

Stones, building and other raw materials :— 

Stone filters „ Kilog. 0.0ajj 

Lithographic, whet and pumice stones^........... ,^.^ " 0.06 

Flints. «.. '« 0.10 

Marbla and jasper, in tiles and bricks.. ...., <....^ " 0.01 . 

Ditto, not as tiles or lithographic stones « ** 0.20 

Roman cement, lime, gypsum, unmanufactured, or in powder, chalk, 
feldspar, silicon, massicot, caslin, bone in dust, and other raw 

material for crockeryware ~ «...« ....^...^....KUog. 0.01 

Marble, in statues and monuments for ornamenting publlo build- 
ings and squares w.................^^^.^... Fret^ 

Slates for roofing...... .....^...................^....Kilog. 0.01 

Clay tile8..». ..Freflk. 

Shingles « — -rr-, . m , , M.M-..^g'!lng- (MH. 



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COMMSSCE. 141 

Tabiff CLAssivicAnoN. BAraa oy Duty 

Stoiiei. building and other raw materials :» Pi. Cn 
Building materials, sach as unwrought stone, bricks, and paving 

tiles made of burnt clay and stone ~ »..»^..« » „ Free. 

Oypsum, manufactured in any form not distinguished Kilog. 0.10 

Colored clav for building purposes.............. «.... .....„...» »... " 0.05 

Alabaster, in any form » — .................Kilog. 0.20 

Crucibles for smelting... «... -««.. ...«..«.. ...«. " 0.05 

Live animals «.... ~ .... Free. 

Mineral coal ,.« KUog. 0.01 

Pitch ...« « " a06 

Black tar, for ship building - «. ** 0.00 

Eesin ....- « " 0.01 

Glue, common « - " 0.20 

Tow or rope yam and felt for i>acking............. ««.«... »• 0.05 

Varnishes ,.„.. « ~ ^ ** 0.20 

Paints, in powder or prepared „ " 0.20 

Painters' brushes, common « «« ** 0.20 

Horse and blackiogbrushes '* 0.20 

Blacking for shoes ** 0.20 

Asphaltum " 0.06 

Seeds, shoots and graftings of plants and live plants •• aOl 

Ouano........ « :. .^ *' O.05 

Hops .^ " 0.10 

. Tobacco, in the leaf and cut for cigarettes " 0.10 

•* for chewing ^ ^...... ** 0.80 

" manufactured «. « " 1.20 

Bones and horns, unmanufactured .^ ** 0.05 

Tubes, handles and pipes of wood, earthenware, clay, or metal, 

used for pumps, drains and roofing and not for fire-engines...... ** 0.05 

Miners' fuses «« •• 0.05 

Cork in sheets, bottle-stoppers, etc ** 0.10 

Chemical and meteorological instruments .^. *' 0.10 

Common buttons made of bone, horn, vegetable ivory (tagtM) 

and paste without covering " 0.40 

Common pearl buttons ^^ -^ -m .««• ..m....»m. " 0.60 

Common nom combs *' 0.40 

Slates and slate pencils for writing ^ ..^ " 0.05 

Precious stones " 1.20 

Umbrellas " 0.80 

Hats, caps, bonnets, etc., will pay respectively as readv made clothing, 
according to the material or which composed, with the exception 

of those of straw » ,», • 

Straw hats, etc., common ».. Kilog. 0.00 

•* fine " 1.20 

Articles of any kind imported on account of the government Free 

Personal effects belonging to foreign public ministers or diplomatic 
agents accredited to the government, provided the nations to whom 
they belong accord the same privileges to Colombian ministers 

and diplomatic agents ** 

The natural products of Ecuador, Venezuela and Perd and other 

nations with whom treaties exist. » ** 

The luggage of passengers imported for their own use, on their arrivid, 

not exceeding 150 kilos, in weight «. " 

Ditto, exceeding 150 kilos, in weight » The 

highest duties applicable to such aiti61ea» 
and levied on the excess weight 

All articles not otherwise mentioned. .Kilog. LOO 

Articles prohibited (except if imported on account of the government) :— 
Canes, umbrellas, etc., in which swords, weapons, daggers, etc., are 
concealed, artillery cannons of every kind, metrailleuses of every 
kind, rifles, carbines and other military weapons, swords, sabres 
and cavalry lances, percussion caps, bullets, hand grenades and 
other amunition, rifles, guns, firelocks, muskets and other weapons 
not intended for sporting purposes, knapsacks, shoulder belts, and 
all descriptions of accoutrements for soldiers, and general^ all war 
materials. 

Spvrioui coinf and machinery for minting coins. ^ 



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142 BPAinSH-AMBBIOAN MANUAL. 

The national legislatiye oonncilresolyed in the session of May 7th, 1888, to 
increase the duty on consular invoices, for more than 4 packages to |8; to a«i- 
thorize the croyemment to lessen the import duties on materials for mannfac- 
tories established, or that may be established rproyided said materials cannot 
be produced in the country, and to pay up to fl,000, but only for onee, to such 
persons who may come to establish themselyes in the country with ma- 
chinery 

The following pre the terms of a treaty eigned in 1861 between 
Venezuela and the United States: Vessels of either nation, no 
matter from whence they come, or what the origin of their careoes, 
are to be on the footing of national vessels at the poits cf the 
other. The same equality, including bounties, duties, and draw- 
backs to apply to exportation, or re-exportation. Vessels of either 
nation shipwrecked, foundered, or in any other way damaged, on 
the coasts or within the dominions of the other, are to receive all 
necessary assistance and protection at the ports of the other. 
Whatever may be imported in the vessels of Venezuela at her 
ports may be also imported in American vessels, and vice versa, 
and on the same terms as to duties and all other charges. The 
same equality as to exports. Articles the growth, produce, or man- 
ufacture of the United States are subject in Venezuela to no higher 
or other duties, than similar articles the growth, produce, or man- 
ufacture of any other foreign country. All favors hereafter granted 
to foreign nations are to apply equally to the United States on sim- 
ilar conditions. These favorable terms apply equally to articles of 
Venezuela in the United States. 

The following are the port regulations of the republic: Shipmasters aiilylng 
at Venezuelan ports must deposit at the custom house: 

1st. The vessel's register. 

2nd. A manifest of the cargo, expressing the vessel's name, tonnage, class, 
flag» ports of departure and destination, together with the number, marks, 
description of the goods on boud, and the names of consignees. 

8rd. A sealed envelope covering the original invoices certified by the Ven- 
ezuelan consul. The consignees must also produce the original invoices duly 
certified. Copies of the manifest must be also delivered to the consul. 

Charges at tne.several ports on vessels:— At Maracaibo: Tonnage dues, with 
cargo, 50 cents per Venezuelan ton; outward the same; vessels in ballast are 
exempt from tonnage dues; but if they depart loaded, they must pay 50 ceuts 
per ton. Light dues, 6 cents per ton. Pilotage, $4 per foot draught in and out. 
There is a pecuniary penalty for entering without a pilot; the vessel must take 
him on board in her own boat. Measuring, |3; interpreter's fees, |3 to 16: 
clearance, 450 in and out for vessels with cargoes; doctor's visits, |8, and bill 
of health, |3. An American vessel of 200 tons measures 850 tons at Maracaibo. 
AtLaGuayra: Tonnage and light dues the same as at Maracaibo. BeaPass: 
Vessels of 100 to 200 tons |4; above 200, $5; harbor master's fee,|3; health visit, 
f 3; interpreter's fee, |3; and|l per page for translating the manifest; meas- 
uring, |3; bill of health, 11.25; hospital dues |2 per man; water dues 15 cents 
per ton, whether water istaken or not; water put on board, |1 to |1.50; dis- 
chanringballast, the harbor master being present, |3. Labor is 6s. 6d. to 8s. 
per day. At Puerto Cabello: Light dues, 6 cents per ton; wharfage, 2 cents 
per ton daily. The expenses of a foreign vessel of 200 tons, lading at this port 
would be nearly 320 Venezuelan dollars. At Angostura: Inward, interpreter's 
fee, |2; translation of manifest, $1 for every 24 lines; harbor master, $3; health 
officer, 13; tonnage dues, with cargo, 50 cents per ton; in ballast, none; light 
dues, 6 cents per ton ; pilotage, fl perf oot of draught. Outward : Tonnage dues, 
with cargo, 50 cents per ton; pilotage, $4 per foot License; vessel of 10 tons, 
|1: of 51 to 100 tons, |3; of 101 to 200 tons, Hi of 201 tons and upwards, |5. 
wharfage at the following rates: Vessels of 40 tons, |4; of 41 to 69 tons, 18; of 70 
to 119 tons, 115: of 120 to 180 tons, $25; of 181 tons and upwards, |40. Hospital 
fees: To the colonies, for each of the crew, 75 cents; to North America and Eu- 
rope, ditto, 11.50. Light dues are collected since 1857, though there is no light- 



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comcBBOB. 149 

The pvUte levenvA coDsisti mostly of import dafclM <m foitign HMKoh^^ 
(o which may be added interest, fines, and storage merchants nave to pay by 
reason of sncn importations. 

Costoma Tariff of Tenexvela. 

The following is a statement of the rates of import duty now lOTled in Yen- 
esnela: 

AMe.— Boliyar=:9e.l0-16d; KUogram;=:^2M lbs. avoirdupois. 

Merchandise of foreign origin, which is introduced into the custom housea 
of the republic, is diylaedinto the following nine classes: 

1. Articles admitted free of duty. 

2. Articles paying 10 centimes of the boUyar per kilogram. 
8. Articles pa3iDg 25 centimes per kilog. 

4. Articles paylDg 65 centimes per kilog. 

& Articles paying 1 bollTar 25 centimes per kilog. 

0. Articles paying 2 bollTars 50 centimes per kilog. 

7. Articles paying 5 boliyars per kilog. 

8. Articles paying 10 bolivars per kilog. 

9. Articles paying 20 bolivars per kilog. 
(All dnties are levied upon the gross weight ) 

The fallowing articles, which belong to class I. are admitted free of dnty. 
Live animals with the exception of Books, printed, unbound or stitched, 

leeches '^ — " ' --' ---—«- - 

Springs, boilers, gratings, rollers, and 

sets of iron sugar mills, and the 

axletrees or springs for the same 
Ploughs, ploughshares, hoes, pick- 
axes, reaping-hooks, small turned 

spades, crowbars, weediug-hooks. 

hatchets, spades, "tasies," and 

cutlasses 
Articles imported on account of the 

government 
Apparatus and machinery for light- 



ing with gas, and for producing it 

Fishing-hooks 

Fire engines 

Coal, mineral 

Roman cement 

Carriages, utensils and materials in- 
tended exclusively for railroads 

Personal effticts brougnt by public 
ministers, and foreign diplomatic 
agents accredited to the govern- 
ment, and by the diplomatic 
agents of the republic upon their 
return to Venezuela 

Luggage, effects, and used furniture 
belonging to Venezuelans who 
have resided more than 2 years in 
Europe or in the United States, and 
who are returning to Venezuela, 
provided they comply with the 
regulations of article 178 of the 
financial code 

Baggage brought by passengers for 
their own use, with the exception 
of those articles that have not been 
used, and of furniture, which will 
pay according to the classes to 
which they belong 

Geographical or astronomical globes, 
bydrographical or navigation 
charts, and maps of all kinds 

Cheese, rennet extract 

Ice 

Guano 

Eggs 



treating of science, art and trade, 
catalogues, newspapers and copy- 
books 

Printing presses and type, blocks, 
printing ink, and white print^ 
paper without glue or gum 

Machinery for use in agriculture, 
mines, factories, saw mills, foun- 
deries, the arts, or trade not other- 
wise mentioned 

Telegraph machinery and^ apparatus 

Steam engines of any kind, together 
with their accessories 

Samples of cloth in strips not ex- 
ceeding 25 kilograms In weight, 
and also of paper not exceeding 60 
centimetres in length 

Monumental statuary 

Platinum or white gold, and un- 
wrought gold or silver, and legal 
gold and silver coin 

Living plants of all kinds, herba- 
riums or collections of dry plants, 
not medicinal: seeds for planting, 
except potatoes 

Produce of Colombia, imported by 
the frontier, provided the produc- 
tions of Venezuela enjoy equal ex- 
emptions in that republic 

Bridges, with their chains, floors, 
etc., intended for public use or ag- 
ricultural purposes; otherwise they 
pay duty on material of which 
composed 

Clocks for public use, when im- 
ported by the federal government 

Springs, axletrees, hoops and cramp- 
irons for carts and carriages, to be 
constructed in the country 

Coverings in which articles free of 
duty are Imported, such as trunks, 
carpet-bags, port-folios, or stuff 
coverings, will be weighed sepa- 
rately and pay the duty applicable 
toeach 



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144 



8PA1IIBH-AMBBI0AN MANUAL. 



The f onoTdDg artlelM belong to the 
times per kilog: 
Sulphuric acid 
Bran 

Galvanised iron ware 
Ochres, clay, x>otter's clay. Sienna 

earth, black earth for cleansing, 

*' caput mortnnm," and earth for 

bniloing purposes 
Tar, asphaltum, raw petroleum and 

bitumens of all kinds 
Hoops of iron or wood for pipes, 

butts and sieves 
Rice in husk 
Oats 

Iron bars, which may be used as tools 
Common black glass or ordinary 

clear glass bottles for bottling 

liquors, and empty demiiohns and 

S[uare bottles used for importing 
ollands 

Hydraulic pumps, with their respec- 
tive tubes and other accessories 

Boats and lighters, whole or in de- 
tached pieces, and the oars, sails 
and anchors for the same 
Pitch, red or black 

Hydraulic lime, common lime, and 
any other material for building 
purposes, not included in any other 
class 

Hemp or tow, raw or twisted, for 
caulking 

Conduits or water pipes of iron or 
lead 

Salted or jerked meat (" tasajo ") 

Pasteboard and tarred paper for roof- 
ing and other purposes 

Carts, wagons and wheel-barrows 

Barley in the grain 

Wood ashes 

Rye and wheat 

Coaches, chaises, gigs, omnibuses, 
phaetons, and every kind of car- 
riage not otherwise mentioned, and 
the harness for the same 

Bark used in tanning 

Barley meal and any meal not other- 

The following articles belong to the 

times per kilog: 

Table or salad oil 

Colza oil and any other oils for light- 
ing purposes, not otherwise men- 
tioned, and machine oil 

Stearic and oleic acids and stearine 

Acetic, hydrochloric, or muriatic 
acid 

Nitric acid or aquafortis 

Steel, bronze, brass, copper, tin (pure 
or alloyed), lead and zinc, in 
lumps or unworked, in bars or in 
sheets, perforated or not 

Orange flower water, mineral waters, 
lemonades, and gaseous waters 

Spirits of turpentine 

White lead or carbonate of lead 

Alum 



second class, paying a duty of 10 oen- 

wise mentioned 

Bound or square iron in plates, 
sheets, or any other form, and old 
Iron in lumps 

Bath bricks 

Bricks, slabs or flags of baked clay, 
marble, Jasper, wood or any other 
material for pavements, not exceed- 
ing 60 centimetres; tiles of baked 
clay, slate and common un wrought 
stone of any kind 

Firewood and vegetable charcoal In 
pieces 

Timber prepared for the construction 



of ships, and logs made of pine, 
pitch-pine, or of any common wooa 

Maize 

Apples, grapes, pears, and any other 
fresh fruit, including cocoanuts 

Machinerv and apparatus not men- 
tioned in the preceding class, and 
weighing more than 1,000 kilos 

Windmills 

Music, printed 

Manioc 

Straw and dry grasses, other than 
medicinal 

Common resin, white, black or red 

LoErwood,guiacum, Brazil wood, dye- 
wood, pink sandal wood, and simi- 
lar woods in shavings 

Cigarette paper 

Pianos 

Slates, with or without frames, slate 
books and slate pencils 

Pine resin 

Wheels for carriages, carts and 
wagons 

Epsom and Glauber salts 

Groats, broken, for making vermi- 
celli 

Boards for making boxes, or boxes in 
detached pieces 

Chalk, white, in sticks or powder 

Gypsum in pieces or in powder, and 
sized gypsum 

third class, paying a duty of 25 cen 

English yellow or chromate of lead, 
minium, litharge and manganese 

Animals, stufibd 

Filters 

Harness for funeral horses, and col- 
lars for plough horses 

Ground rice, sago, arrow-root and 
tapioca 

Sulpnur in powder or paste 



metal; ammunition, shot and balls 

Cables 

Planks, beams and Joists of pine, 
pitch pine, or any other descrip- 
tion of wood, unplaned or un- 
grooved 4 



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COMMKBOS. 



145 



The foBowlng aitlelM 

timet per kllog: 

Barreli, pipes, or Imtts. pat togeOier 
or DOt, and stayee when imported 
separately 

Pottery, glased or nnglased, In any 
form nototherwiae mentioned 

Oxide of sine 

Canes, reeds, rashes, palm, osier and 
straw, not worked 

Lees of oil 

Tackle, rigginur and cordase 

Pipes, cigar holders, and eommon 
earthenware pipes without admix- 
tnre of any other material 

Cannons of all kinds 

Beans peas, lentils, haricots, kid- 
ney beans, potatoes and all yege- 
tables and garden produce 

Coarse sacking and other simllai^ma- 
terials 

Vegetable charcoal in powder, ani- 
mal charcoal and lampblack 

Pickles, with the exception of ollyes 
and capers 

Berries and seeds of the jnniper 

Emery in stone or powder 

Esparto grass 

Fuses and matches for miners 

Copper tarpauling nails 

Fonts or fountains of iron, marble or 
any other material 

Sago flour 

Biscuits, without sugar 

Fluid gas 

Wheat flour 

Tools and instroments, such as mal- 
lets, sledge-hammers, fixes, mauls, 
bellows of all kinds, cramps, large 
screws for anvils, and similar tools 
and instruments 

Wire, manufactured or wrought, ex- 
cepting galvanized wire, anchors 
and chains for yessels, safes, mor- 
tars, furniture, copying presses and 
machines for stamping paper, nails, 
tacks, drills, rivets, tarpauling 
nails, buildings not erected or their 
separate parts, as balconies, doors, 
balustrades, gratings, columns, 
roofings, even when imported sepa- 
rately, statues, jars, flower-pots, 
statues and similar ornaments for 
houses and gardens, weights for 
weighing, flat-irons, posts for pali- 
sades, stoves, boilers, kettles and 
other household utensils, tinned 
enameled, or not. with the excep- 
tion of similar articles of brass or 
of tin. which are otherwise pro- 
vided for 

Tin, unmanufactured 

Bones, horns and hoofe, not worked 

Glazed cotton lining, blue 

Hams and bacon, not imported in 
tins 

Books, printed, unbound, not other- 
wise mentioned, pamphlets, regis- 

Manual. 10 



to tha third daa, pajlBf a doty of S5 cen- 



ters and eopy books intended for 
primary Instraotion, simply 
stitched 
Beet, salted in brine or smoked, 
smoked or salted bacon or tongues, 
not otherwise mentioned 



Packing cloth, fine pasteboard or 
thick office paper for^ cards. 



and 



any other purpose, also copying 
paper 

Onions 

Sieves of ironware 

Vegetable fibre 

White wax for shoemakers 

Ale and cider 

Chloride of lime 

Copper, old. in lumps 

Portable kitchens, of iron ot other 
materials 

Hearses, including the glasses, 
feathers, plumes, etc., when they 
are imported, together with the 
hearses 

Chalk, white or red 

Glass or emery paper 

Linseed, in grain or powder, and 
colza seeds 

Flax, raw 

Earthenware and pottery, common^ 
glazed or not, not otherwise men- 
tioned 

Walnut wood 

Wood, fine, for furniture, musical 
instruments, etc. 

Wood, in sheets, for yeneering 

Wood, sawn, planed, or dove-tailed 

Lard and butter 

Machinery and apparatus *not other- 
wise mentioned, and net exceeding 
1.000 kUos. in weight 

Mills or windlasses not otherwise 
mentioned 

Ore of iron, copper, tin, graphite or 
lead 

Paper of all kinds, not otherwise 
mentioned 

Fish, salted in brine, or smoked 

Stones for lithographing, pumice- 
stone, stones of all kinds for snrind- 
ing or whetting, stones for distill- 
ing purposes, and any other, simi- 
lar to those mentioned 

Paints, common, prepared in oil 

Potash, common or calcined 

Saltpetre and salts of nitre 

Leeches 

Sordines, pressed, in oil, or in any 
other form 

Suet prepared for the manuf actore of 
stearin e candles or stearine 

Soda, common or calcined 

Carbonate of soda, crystallized 

Sulphare of iron or copperas 

Sulphate of copper or bluestone 

Articles of iron wire not otherwisi 
mentioned 



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146 



SPANISH-AMBBIOAN MANUAL. 



Tbe following articlet belong to the 

perkilog: 

Toipentine, common 

Qlass, or crystal glMSf not lilYend 

Vinegar 

Wines of every kind in pipes or \mt- 
leis, and red wines from Spain 
The following articles belong to the 

times per kilog: 

Almond or linseed oil 

Train oil 

Palm oil, drying oil, or painter's oil 

Olives and capers 

Oil and vinegar craets and water 
and vinegar holders, not orna- 
mented with gold or silver, or of 
German silver, gilt or plated 

Articles of steel, iron, copper, brass, 
tin, bell-metal, bronze, lead, pew- 
ter, Kino and nickel, polished, not 
varnished, tinned or bronzed 

Iron wire, manufactnred in frames 
for wigs, bird-cages, racks for 
clothes and hats and similar arti- 
cles; and also frames for umbrellas 
and parasols 

Almonds, filberts, nnts, ground nuts, 
chestnuts, and other dried fruit 
with shells, not specified 

Btills and similar apparatus 

Garlic 

Sesame, canary seed and millet 

Anise-seed, carraway seed, cinna- 
mon, cummin, cloves, wild marjo- 
ram and pimento 

Chandeliers, gloves, shades, candle- 
sticks, girandoles, lanterns, lamps, 
flat candlesticks and hanging 
lamps, not ornamented with gold 
or silver, gilt, or plated 

Christmas trees 

Jet, unmanufactured 

Bcales, steelyards and weights of 
copper, or of an alloy, chiefly com- 
posed of copper, and weights of 
iron, if imported together with the 
scales 

Wooden troughs 

Billiard table cushions, and endless 
straps for steam Engines, of thick 
oilcloth 

Bagatelle boards, with cues, etc. 

Felts for hats, hair for hats, paper 
boxes, leather, linings, plush, peaks 
for caps and helmets, and any arti- 
cle used in the manufacture of 
hats 

Blacking 

Billiard tables with accessories, in- 
cluding the balls and cloths, when 
Imported together with the tables 

Ninepins 

Boxes of wood 

Baskets, osier baskets, 'small car- 
riages for children, and other arti- 
cles of osier and wickc rwork 

Pasteboard, manufactured or pre- 
pared for boxes, and in any other 



third class, paying a duty of 25 oenttiiai 



or Bordeaux, in bottles and 

Johns 
Coflbe winnowers 
Smnac in powder or in the leaf 

fovrth class, paying a duty of 76 < 



form, excepting plflythings for 
children, masks and playing cards 

Barley, bruised or ground 

Veratrina 

Capsules for bottles 

Brushes and horse brushes, common* 
and those of horn or whalebone* 
for scrubbing 

Wax. black, yellow and vegetable, 
noc prepared 

Glue, common 

Collodion for photographic purposes 

Pointed knives, common, with or 
without sheaths; knives with 
handles of wood or o' her common 
material, for fishermen, sbo^ 
makers, saddlers, gardeners, and 
those commonly used in arts or 
trades 

Varnishes 

Gutta-percha made into tubes, pipes, 
leaves or bands for machinery 

Oil or waxed cloths for floors or 
packing 

Looking glasses and plate glass, sil> 
vered 

Sperm oil and parafitoe 

Yeast 

Matting for floors 

Table mats 

Figures, ornaments and boxes used 
in confectionery 

Door mats 

Vermicelli, macaroni, and similar 
preparations 

Fruit in brandy or sirup, and dried 
fruits 

Saddletrees and headstalls for ani- 
mals 

Biscuits, fancy 

Gasoline and benzine 

Gelatine 

Potato, maize and rye flour 

Shoemakers' thread 

Letter thread and any other coarse 
thread of hemp, aloes, flax or cot- 
ton, not including tnat intended 
for sewing, embroidering and 
weaving 

Pack thread, twine or rope, and 
hempen threads for fishing nets 

Tin and brass manufactured in any 
form not specified, and iron uten- 
sils for domestic use, with tin or 
brass covers 

Incense 

Tools used in the arts and trades, 
with or without handles, such as 
pincers, gimlets, compasses, trow- 



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OOMMEBCm. 



147 



The UIOowtDg artldtof beUnif to ttie tautth oIms, pajlng adoty of 76c 
times per kUof: 

«. ., cuiwtt^u, levels, planes, awls, 
flies, hammers, saws, vices, screws, 



augurs, etc, including the boxes 
containing any of these instru- 
ments 

Stone soap, caUed tailor's soap 

Sirups, not medicinal, and preserves 
of afl kinds 

Sealing-wax in sticks, and shellac 

Wool, raw 

Canvas and sail cloth of^hemp or 
cotton 

Milk, condensed 

Books, printed and bound, not ottiet- 
wise mentioned 

Earthenware, imitation china 

China or porcelain in any form, not 
spedfled 

Hops 

Wood, mannfkotured in any form, 
not otherwise mentioned 

Hand copying machines 

Marble, jasper, alabaster, granite and 
any similar stone, wrought or pol- 
ished in any form not otherwise 
distinguished 

Maizena 

Wicks and'twists for lamps and tube 
cleaners' 

Mustard 

Furniture of common wood, osier, 
straw or wicker 

Organs and parts thereof, imported 
Separately, including piano stools 

Bone dust 

Wooden shuttles 

Mastio for polishing, and also that 
used for the tips of billiard cues 

Wall paper 

Plaster, imitation porcelain, marble, 
granite or any jother fine stone in 
any form, excepting toys for child- 
ren 

Tobacco, cut, for cigarettes 

Flints, toucnstones, polishing and 
similar stones, not otherwise men- 
tioned 

Hides not tanned or prepared 

Baking powder 

Solder 



Leather tips for billiard cues 
Cheeses 



Bags, empty, of canvas, osnaburgbs, 
and other similar fabrics 

Sausages, lams in tins, preserved 
foods, ketchup and any other food, 
not otherwise mentioned 

Sauces of all kinds, and pickles in 
mustard 

Suet, raw, undressed or pressed, and 
oralnarv fats for making soap 

Syphons for aerated waters 

IJeather, red or white, not manufact- 
ured, and canvas soles for shoes 

Talc in cakes or powders 

Hog or horsehair lines for fishing 

Wire meat covers 

Stoppers, with heads of metal, glass, 
crystal or porcelain 

Cloths or stuffli of cotton, canvas, es- 
parto or thread, for floor coverings 
even when mixed with wool and 
hair stuffii for furniture 

Canvas for portraits and oil paint- 
ings 

Cloths, common, or stuflflB of hemp or 
cotton for furniture, in broad Mlts 
or any other form, cotton knee 
cushions for domestio uses 

Wooden heel pieces, shod with ooi>- 
per or Iron 

Strips of tinned paper or linen for 
shoemakers, each 1 centim. wide 
and 12 centimes long 

Bootlacks and corkscrews 

Chalk in sticks, lumps, or other 
forms for billiards 

Blinds for doors and windows 

Tubes and bands of India-rubber for 
machinery 

Sails of coarse cloth 

Tallow candles 

Velocipedes 

Olass or crystal, manufactured, in 
any form, not otherwise mentioned 

Wines imported in demijons or bot- 
tles, excepting Spanisn and Bor- 
deaux red wines 



Gypsum, manufactured, in any form, 
except playthings for children 
The following articles belong to the fifth class, paying a duty of 1 bolivar 25 
centimes per kilog: 



Oils and soaps, perfumed 

Oil of sesame, castor and other kinds 
not otherwise mentioned 

Cod-liver oil 

Tartaric acid in powder 

Arsenic and liquid ammonia 

Waters, scented, for the toilet, such 
as "Floriline^' etc., and hair wash 

Almonds, bleached 

Instruments for measuring hats 

Photographic apparatus 

Shapes of gummed stufi* for hats, bon- 
nets, or caps 

Rings and buckles lined with leather 

Stones for razors, fine stones for grind- 
ing and razor paste 



Safhron 

Quicksilver 

Travelling trunks, sacks, leather bags 
and portmanteaus of all kinds 

Skins for canving wine, and small 
bags of oil-cloth for grain samples 

Trusses, bougies, suspenders, ant, 
strainers, breast-drawers, and simi- 
lar apparatus, cupping-glasses, ano- 
dyne, spatulas, lances and syringes 

Linen and cotton tissues, such as 
brown holland, coverings, tickings, 
unbleached tissues, and any similar 
coarse tissues, including those with 
colored stripes or patterns 

Paint brushes 



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148 



8PANIBB-AMBBI0AN MANUAL. 



The following articles belong to Che 

oentiines per kilog>- 

Hat caneB of leather 

Almanacks 

Cotton canvas for embroidering 

Tortolse^hell. nnmanofacturea 

Home-spun linen, white collars, 
camei-hair cloth, fine linen with a 
hempen warp, called unbleached 
German holland, Nos. 9, 10 and U, 
twilled cotton or linen, and cre- 
tonne, striped, dyed, or not, and 
any tissues similar to the above, not 
included in other categories 

Sieves of copper wire, of leather, 
wood, or hair 

Brashes for the teeth, clothes, hair, 
shoes and any other use not other- 
wise mentioned 

White wax, not prepared, pure or 
mixed, and mlDerai wax 

Bristles tor shoemakers 

Isinglass 

Colors and paints, not otherwise die- 
tinguished, such as indigo, ultra- 
marine etc. 

Cork, in sheets, stoppers, or any other 
shape 

Bootlaces 

Amethyst quartz 

Cubebs 

Penknives, pocket knives, razors, 
scissors, table knives and forks, ex- 
cept those with gilt or plated han- 
dles, or of German silver 

Cords for musical instruments 

Sassafras and other medicinal barks 

Cotton drills, white or colored, and 
cotton flannel 

Drugs, medicines and chemicals not 
otherwise mentioned, including 
vermifuges and any other sub- 
stances used medicinally, such as 
the cardamom seed and plant 

OU-cloths, with the exception of those 
used as wrappers and floor-cloths 

Buckram 

Brooms and brashes of hair 

Essences and extracts of every kind 
not otherwise distinguished 

SpoDges 

Stereoscopes, dioramas, panoramas, 
magic lanterns, and similar appar- 
atus 

Paper lanteras, paper collars, fronts, 
and cuff^, including those lined 
with stufl*and manufactured paper 
not otherwise distinguished 

Foils, masks, breast-plates and box- 
ing gloves 

Phospnorus paste 

Photographs 

Cotton rugs 

Woollen blankets, white, or with col- 
ored borders 

Oum arable, gum lac, copal and any 
kind of gum not otherwise men- 
tioned 



fifth class, paying a duty of 1 bolivar 2& 

Hair gloves, including those used to 
fencing 

Glycerine 

Linen or cotton thread for embroid- 
ering, sewing, or knitting 

Loadstone 

Images or effigies, other than those of 
gold or silver 

Instruments, musical, including 
musical boxes, together with their 
accessories, excepting pianos and 
organs 

Surgical, dental, anatomical, mathe- 
matical and any scientific instru- 
ment not otherwise distinguished 

Marbled soap, white, known as "Cas- 
tille," "Marseilles," and common 
soap 

Sets of chessmen, draughts, domi- 
noes, roulette, and similar games 

Toys for children, excepting those 
made of wood 

Engravings on printed paper 

Blank books, crayons ana small pen- 
cils for drawing, portfolios, pencils 
of every kind, except slate-pencils. 
India-rubber, wafers and stamps for 
letters, ink and ink-powder for writ- 
ing, paper knives, pencil-cases, 
sealing-wax, steel pensf penholders, 
inkstands, and any other article 
used in writing, excepting envel* 
opes and those articles which con- 
tain gold or silver 

Books containing gold or silver leaf 
whether real or imitation, for gild- 
ing or plating, and bronze in pow- 
der, and boolis for bronzing 

Liqueur stands, empty or not, and 
not mentioned in any other cate- 
gory 

Iron filings 

Common linen or cotton tissues suit- 
able for making workmen's clothes 

Wooden mouldings for cornices, 
frames, etc., painted, varnished, 
gilt or plated 

Elastic mourning crape for hats 

Sweet liqueurs, such as cherrry cor- 
dial, etc. 

White madapolam, holland, etc., of 
cotton or any similar material 

Frames of any material, with or with- 
out glasses, portraits or engravings 

Masks of all kinds 

Wedding garments of cotton 

Leather, ribbon or paper measures, 
with or without cases 

Furniture of fine wood, such as palis- 
ander, rosewood, mahogany, wal- 
nut, and upholstered with wool, 
cotton, silk and horsehair 

Nutmeg and mace 

Screens of paper, metal, staB, etc 

Pastilles of all kinds 

Perfumery 



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COMMKRCE. 



149 



tliefoDowliifraitleleibeloiiff to the fifth elMs, paying adatj of 1 IxdlTiir 16 
oentimes per kDog: 



Tea 

Vanilla 

Inks, except printing ink 

Poisons used in tanning 

Candles of sperm, parafflne, compoii- 

tion or stearine 
Dowlas, unbleached, of cotton or 

linen, even with stripes or colored 

flowers 
Tinder-boxes and flint, and wick for 

the tinder-box 



Pirchment and Imitations of the 
same, not otherwise mentioned, 
and cloth used for book-binding 
Areometres and guages for alcohol 
Paintings, chromos, drawings, por- 
traits on linen, wood, paper, stone, 
or other materials, and photogra- 
phic apparatus 
Rice powder for the toilet and pow- 
der puflb 
Bottle and glass stands 
Tannin 

The following articles belong to the sixth class, paying a duty of 2 bolivars 
60 centimes per kilog:— 

mantles, table-covers of linen or 
cotton 
Elafltics for boot springs 
Coral in anv form, except when set in 

gold or silver 
Funeral wreaths or other funeral 
adornments 

Work-boxes, reticules, and travel- 
ing necessaries 
Crinolines, bustles, and similar arti- 
cles 
Knives and forks with handles of 
German silver or white metal, gilt 
or silvered 
Mattresses, pillows and cushions, ex- 
cept those of silk; feathers for stuff- 
ing them 
Cotton cords for hammocks 
Damasks, bombazine, padding, tick- 
ing, nankeen, quilting, sateen, and 
stiff muslin, white or colored, of 
cotton, and similar cotton materials 
not otherwise mentioned 
Ariificial teeth and eyes 
Skirts, dressing-gowns, night-dresses, 
and chemises of cotton, made up or 
cut out, and eotton stufils prepared 
for skirtc), with or without embroid- 
ered bands 
ArticlCo of German silver or white 
metal, or imitations, such as dishes, 
trays, bridles, bits, spurs, stirrups, 
bridle-chains, buckles, chandeliers, 
lamps, etc 
Articles of iron or other metals, gilt 
or silvered, not including wriUng 
mriterials 
Wool, combed, in the yam, and goats' 

hair 
Brushes and brooms of palm, rushes, 

and other vegetable flhre 
Felt in pieces for saddle-cloths 
Blankets, mantles, or quilts of wool 
mixed with cotton, and with a col- 
ored ground 
Stuffs and embroidery for slippers, 

excepting silk 
Gutta-percha, manufactured or not 
Imitation gold and silver thread, 
spangles, gold leaf, foil, galloon, 
smal 1 Avarcs and other articles, sewn 
or embroidered 



Bugles and beads of glass, porcelain, 
steel, wood or any materia], except- 
ing gold and silver; fancy articles 
of glass or porcelain mounted in 
gilt or plated metal 

Steel hoops for crinolines, covered or 
not 

Damasks, drtllii, unbleached cloth, 
Irish nnen, etc., and tissues, dyed or 
andyed, of linen or mixed with cot- 
ton, not otherwise mentioned 

Pins, needles, bodkins, hooks and 
eyes, thimbles, hairpins, and buck- 
les for shoes, hats, waistcoats and 
trousers, except those of gold and 
"silver 

Rugs or carpets 

Vests, bands, caps, drawers, trousers, 
stockings, and all cotton knitted 
soods 

Spectacles, opera-glasses, teletcopee. 
eye-glasses, microscopes, except 
those mounted in gold or silver; the 
glasses, though imported separately, 
pay the same duty 

Whalebone and its imitations 

Sheepskins 

Barometers, hydrometers, chronome- 
ters and thermometers 

Canes, whips, and life preservers, 
with the exception of those contain- 
ing swords or mechanism for firing 

Buttons of all kinds, excepting those 
of silk, gold, or silver 

Baize or rateen in nieces, or blankets 
and ready-made "ponchos" of these 
materials 

Ships' compasses 

Pipes and cigar-holders of amber, por- 
celain, and any material except gold 
and silver, and not otherwise men- 
tioned 

Shells, loose or made up as orna- 
ments 

Pocket-books, cigar-cases, purses, 
spectacle-cases, card-cases, match- 
boxes, albums, and any similar ar- 
ticles, except those of gold and sil- 
ver 

Wax, manufactured in any form ex- 
cept as toys for children 
ounterpanes, sheets, hammocks. 



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160 



BFANI8H-AMEBICAN MANU^VL. 



The following artleles l)elong to the sixth class, paying a duty of 2 holiY«p 
fiOcentixiiesper kilog:— 



Bone, ivory, mother-of-pearl; Jet, real 
and imitation; tortolse-shei], real 
and imitation; caoutchouc, elastic; 
horn and talc, mannfactared in any 
form not otherwise specifled, ex- 
cept as children's toys, and when 
combined with gold or silver 

TaUe-cloths, towels, and napkins of 
all kinds 

Wedding garments of linen, or of 
linen mixed with cotton 

Hands, keys, springs, and other parts 
of watches, not of gold or silver 

Wicks and cotton for wicks 

Cotton handkerchiefs (by handker- 
chiefs is understood those not ex- 
ceeding one metre in length) 

Paper 

Gilt or silvered paper stamped In re- 
Uef , and colored paper for flowers 

Umbrellas and parasols of wool, linen 
or cotton 



Skins, tanned, not made «p, exeapl 
white or red leather for boot solas 

German silver in any shape or torm 

Goose-qnills prepared as toothpicks 

Feather dusters 

Table or wall clocks, alarum docks, 
water clocks, hour-glasses, and any 
other kind of dock, except tunsi 
docks 

Hats, bonnets and shapes of straw er 
its imitation, not trimmed 

Sole leather, varnished, notmanufaa* 
tured 

Sextants 

Dowlas, white, of linen, or of linen 
mixed with cotton. 

Chintz, calicoes, cretonnes, fine 
French cloth, and other materials 
used in making women's dresses: 
poplins, Japanese cloths, colored 
shawls, and any other colored .ooU 
ton cloths similar to the above, aad 
not otherwise distinguished 



Imitation pearls and stones, mounted 

in any metal except gold or silver 

The following articles belong to the seventh class, paying a duty of 6 Ix^ 
vara per kilog:— 



Fans of all kinds 

Bitters, whether in bottles or casks 

Playing cards 

Sword sticks and air ffuns 

Brandy or cognac ana tlieir essences, 
Including rum not extracted from 
the sugar cane less than 22 degrees; 
when above this strength they pay 
duty proportionately 

Stockings, fringes, tassels, laces, rib- 
bons, bands, cords, gimps, small 
wares, chenilles, caps, bows, socks, 
and gloves of wool, or of wool mixed 
with cotton 

Boots and shoes not made up or with- 
out soles 

Shirts, made up, purely of cotton 

Carpets, cloths, and any articles of 
crochet, except those of silk 

Ecclesiastical vestments 

Cigarettes of paper or maize-leaf 

Cravats of cotton or wool 

Curtains, hangings, and mosquito- 
nets of linen or cotton 

Braces, stays, bodices, and garters of 
all kinds 

Skirts, dressing-gowns, pillow-slips, 
and chemises, of linen or of linen 
mixed with cotton, except those of 
cambric or of cambric xnixed with 
cotton 

Laces, insertions, blonds, edgings, 
ribbons, purses, tapes, tassels, cords, 
fringes, socks, braids and gloves of 
linen or cotton 

Swords, sabres, poignards, hunting 
knives, blunderbusses, pistols, re- 
volvers, guns, fowling pieces, 
muskets, rifles, carabines and 
other fire-arms, including projec- 



tiles, capsules, percussion caps, nip- 
ples, flTun-locks and loaded or empfy 
cartridges 

Phosphorus matches of wax, wood or 
paste 

Gin 

Stockings, of linen or of linen mixed 
with cotton 

Shot-bags, powder-flasks, cap-boxes, 
and bags for sportsmen 

Muslins, colored, cotton crape, lawn, 
cotton gauze, grenadine, book-mus- 
lin, very fine linen, cloth known as 
"clarin," tarlatan, batiste, cotton 
batiste, white or colored, plain 
worked, open worked or embroid- 
ered, in pieces or cut out, and any 
similar materials not otherwise 
mentioned 

Muslins and batistes of linen or of 
linen mixed with other materials, 
unbleached or colored, in pieces or 
cut up for clothes 

Cotton velvet, cotton plush, and imi- 
tation velvet in pieces or ribbons 

Woollen cloth, kerseymere cloth, 
muslin, satin, net, flannel, bomba- 
zine, alpaca, crape, merino, serge. 
damasks, and similar materials of 
wool, or of wool mixed with cotton, 
not otherwise mentioned, and not 
made up into wearing apparel 

Shawls and scarfs of musun, net, or 
any other fine cotton material 

Shawls, handkerchiefs, tablecloths 
and undershirts of wool, or of wool 
mixed with cotton, neither orna- 
mented nor embroidered with silk 

Umbrellas and parasols of silk, or of 
silk mixed with wool or cotton 



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COMMKBOK. 



161 



The following articles beloDg to the ferenth cla«» paying a dvtr of 6 boUraii 
perkilog:— 



Skins and leathers, diessed, mannfac- 
tmred in any shape, except as shoes 
and gloyes 

liace or tnlle of cotton 



Saddles, head-pieces, holsters, reins» 
girths, cruppers, saddle and horse- 
cloths of every kind 

Tobacco in the leaf 



The following articles belong to the eighth class, paying^ duty of 10 boliyam 
per kilog:— 



Head-dresses and nets of all kinds 

Human hair and its imitations, made 
up or not 

Shirts of linen or wool, or partly of 
cotton and linen; trousers, jackets, 
blouses, waistcoats, drawers, coats, 
palet6ts, vests; and any ready-made 
clothing of linen or cotton, for men, 
not otherwise mentioned 

Collars, fronts and cuffs, of linen or 
cotton, for men's shirts 

Collars and cntta of linen or cotton, 
for women's dresses 

Skirts, dressing-gowns, pillow-slips, 
chemises of batiste or of linen, or of 
linen mixed with cotton 

Flowers and fruits, artificial, not 
ottierwise mentioned, and materials 
f o7 making flowers, except colored 
paper 

Lather gloves, not including boxing- 
gloves 

Holland batiste, knitted wares, mua- 
lins, tarlatan, and any other fine 
linen or cotton stofi^. made up into 
ruches, caps, robes, sleeves, dresses, 
and other forms not elsewhere spec- 
ified 

The following articles belong to the 

perkilog:— . 

Boots and shoes, read^ made 

Placards and handbills, printed or 
lithographed 

Cigarette boxes 

Circulars, printed or lithographed 

Labels and inscriptions, printed or 
lithographed, wnich are not at- 
tached to any article; visiting cards, 
with or without colored designs 

Cloth, cassimere, velvet, net, flannel, 
alpaca, bombazine, serge and dam- 
ask of wool, or wool mixed with 
cotton, made up as men's clothing 

Envelopes of all kinds 

Hats and bonnets, trimmed, of every 
kind, for ladies 



Precious stones, pearls and jewellery; 
articles wholly or in part of gold or 
silver, watches of any material, 
empty watch-cases and jewellerv- 
boxe& though imported separately 

Books, bound In velvet, silk, mother- 
of-pearl, tortoise shell, ivory, Rus- 
sian leather with glltor plated edges 
and ornamented with gold or silver 

Handkerchiefs of linen or of linen 
mixed with cotton 

Feathers for head-dresses and bon- 
nets, and hearse plumes, imported 
separately from the hearses 

Silk, pure or mixed with other mate- 
rials, tissues of other materials 
mixed with silk 

Tissues of every kind, mixed or em- 
broidered with gold or silver, real 
or imitation, excepting church or- 
naments 

Stuffs of wool, or of wool mixed with 
cotton, made up as mosquito-nets, 
hangings, curtains, and other arti- 
cles not otherwise mentioned 

Tobacco other than for chewing, man- 
ufactured in any form, except when 
cut up for cigarettes 

ninth class, paying a duty of 20 bolivan 

Hats of plush and black silk, with 
high crowns, and similar hats of 



any material including opera hats, 
hats already cut out, fel Imade up, 
and aDj_ other class of h alpartially 



or wholly made up, excepting those 
of straw or its imitations 
Cards, large, printed or lithographed - 
Women's clothing, made up of tarla- 
tan, silk, wool, oatiste. muslin, and 
any other material of linen or cot- 
ton 
Men's clothing Of wool, linen or cot- 
ton, not otherwise mentioned 



The imi>ortation of the following articles is prohibited:— 



Cocoanut oil 

Dynamite 

Rum extracted from the sugar-cane 

Cotton 

Starch 

Indigo 

White or brown sugar 

Cocoa 

Coflfee 

Molasses from sugar and bees' honey 



Wooden toys for children 

Wooden strips for matches 

Salt 

Tobacco in cakes, and all twisted to- 
bacco for chewing 

Sarsajparilla 

Spurious money and foreign silver 
coin not included in the Monetary 
Convention of 1866 

Apparatus for coining money, not im- 
ported for the Government Mint 



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152 6PANISH-AMBBICAN MAl^UAL. 

Ecuador is also one of the countries whose vessels as well as 
their cargoes are entitled at ports of the United States to the privi- 
leges of the most favored nation. Vessels of the United States 
and their cargoes enjoy the same advantages at the ports of Ecua- 
dor. 

Eyery copy of a bill of lading is recinired, at Gnayaqtiil, to be on stamped 

Eaper of 10 cents of a sucre; and all bills of lading for import cargoes onarrly- 
ig there, must have the same stamp affixed. 

vessels pay the following charges at Guayaqnil: Wharfftge: Ranging to (8 
per day for yessels of 100 tons, to $18 per day for vessels from 800 to 809; and 
lor vessels of 400 tons and upwards 16 additional to the |18 for each 100 tons. 
Pilotage (inward and outward the itame): |2 per Spanish foot as far as 
pund; 12.50 to Punta Arenas. (A " pund *' is about 15 miles from sea; and a 
'* punta>arena ** at sea or mouth of a river.) 

Captain of the port's fee 4 4 OC 

License for clearing ..^ « 6 00 

Crew list 1 00 

Anchorage fee 10 00 

Health fee « 8 00 

Tonnage dues, per ton 60 

Light dues, per ton ^ „.«. 87}^ 

Harbor dues „ „ 4 00 

Mole dues (charged on vessels discharging by lighter):— Barrels of 18 gal- 
lons, 5 cents; piaco in box, 25 cents; 5 cubic feet, 5 cents; 8 cubic feet. 6% 
cents; 12 cubic feet, 123^ cents; 100 pounds of iron or other metal, 8 cents; a 
crate of earthenware, 25 cents. 

Whalers and steamers are free from port dues; likewise vessels entering to 
repair damages or for provisions, are free from tonnage dues (provided no part 
of cargo is sold, otherwise the tonnage money must be paid.) Cargo may be 
sold to cover the expense of repairs, or to procure needed provisions, without 
incurring tonnage dues. A vessel that has paid the dues at one port, if she 
proceeds to another port of the republic, she is free in the second port, but 
not In the others. 

Private charges: Lighterage.— Vessels may lie in the stream and handle 
cargo in rafts of 15 or 20 tons; otherwise lie at the wharf. Lighterage is S4 to 
15 per load of 16 to 20 tons. 

Labor: |1.50 per day for each man. Commission: Where there is no address, 

commissions, from |50 to $100 are charged for transacting a vessel's business. 

Note.— Sucre=4s. 2d.; Eilogram=2.204 lbs. Avoirdupois. 

Articles of foreign origin, introduced through the custom-houses of Ecuador, 
are divided into the following nine classes :— 

1. Articles whose importation is prohibited. 

2. Articles admitted free of duty. 

8. Articles paying 1 cent of a sucre per kllog. 

4. Articles paying 2 cents per kilog. 

6. Articles paying 5 cents per kilog. 

6. Articles paying 10 cents per kilog. 

7. Articles paying 60 cents per kilog. 

8. Articles paying 1 sucre per kilog; 
h Articles pay 1 ng 2 3 cents per kilog. 

(All duties are levied upon the gross weight) 
The following articles belong to the first class:— Bullets, cannon balls, shells, 
and other war materials; cane spirit and its compounds; carbines, fireworks. 

Slstols, etc.; dynamite and other explosives; kerosene less than 150* proof; 
quids and other articles containing substances injurious to health; machines 
for coining; powder and salt (Note.— So long as the government holds the ex- 
clusive right of importing same); spurious money, copper and nickel coin; 
statues, postage stamps, books, paintings, and writings, which are immoral or 
irreligious. 

The following articles belong to the second class, and are admitted free of 
duty:— Articles imported on account of the government j for use in public 
works; articles for foreign religious institutions established in the country; 
articles intended for the personal use of foreign ministers and diplomatiO 
agents accredited to the government of Ecuador, provided reciprocity exists 
on the part of the nations they represent; articles intended for use in publio 



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COMMBBCE. 15S^ 



enware, fine or porcedain; earthenware jugs: empty bags of oil kinds; flour, 
of wheat, maize, etc.; fruits, dried, and oUier comestibles, not prepared; glass- 



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154 SPANISH-AMBBTOAK KAMVAL. 

per kilogram;— WSMUseo In the leaf, or manmfaotared; woollen goods, wcfnn. 
or not, with or wlthomt wool 

Tho f ollowlD^ articles belong to the eighth class, paying a dnty of one sncre 
per kilogram :— Antimacassars and similar articles, netted or crocheted ; hreech- 
loading guns and revolvers; coral, manufactured or not; drawings, unframed, 
on paper, canvas, etc. ; engravings; fancy goods; flowers. artificial; gloves; gold 



anasilver, manufactured; hammocks; hats and caps for ladles; ivory, manufac- 
tured; laces and trimmings of wool or linen; materials containing silk, silver 
and gold, or imitations of the same; precious stones, silk: spectacles and eye- 
glasses; stereoscopes and magic lanterns, and views for the same; strings for 
musical instruments; tortoise-shell, manufactured; wigs or hair, natural or 
artificlaL 

All articles not belonging to the previous eight classes are included in the 
ninth class, and pay a duty of 25 cents per kilogram. 

Boots and shoes of all kinds, hats, ready-made clothes, such as shirts, dresses, 
coats, waistcoats, etc.. with the exception of common or seamen's boots, and 
of ordinary undershirts and drawers, and socks or stockings, pay an increased 
duty of 25 per cent above the corresponding duty, according to the material 
of which composed. 

Under tho existing treaty between Brazil and the United States, 
concluded as far back as 1829, the clause of the most favored nation 
(excepting as to relations between Brazil and Portugal) is recog- 
nized, the vessels of both countries being on the isame footing aa 
to tonnage dues, drawbacks, etc. No higher or other duties are to 
be imposed on imports, the produce of either country, than are 
imposed on like articles, the produce of any other foreign country. 
The principle that free ships make free goods, and also free per- 
sons, is stipidated, though with the understanding that the prin- 
ciple is not extended to the flags of powers that do not accept the 
doctrine that the flag shall cover the property. Liberty of trade 
is recognized, except for certain articles comprehended under the 
term of contraband of war ; namely, arms of all kinds, and muni- 
tions of war; generally all articles for equipping troops or ex- 
pressly made or prepared to wage war by sea or land. 

Brazil has consular conventions with several foreign i)owers, 
which give to their consular representatives intervention in regard 
to the property of absent and deceased persons. Having come to 
look upon this as an irksome concession, the Brazilian government 
has given those nations the stipulated twelve months' notice that 
the treaties shall have no force after the time for which they were 
made has expired. 

The port and custom house regulations of Brazil are very explicit and rigor- 
ously enforced, not only to prevent disorder and preserve health, but to check 
smuggling. The pecuniary penalties for any Infringement of the rules are 
quite severe. In order that a vessel bound to a Brazilian port may obtain a 
clearance from the Brazilian consulate at the port of departure, her master 
must place in the consul's possession two manifests of the same tenor and date, 
signed by himself, for her cargo; this manifest must state the class, name, ton- 
nage, and nationality of the vessel; name of her master; port where the cargo 
was laden, and the port or ports of her destination; marks, countermarks, and 
number of each package, and its denomination, such as case, bag, bale or sack, 
pipe, etc.; quality and quantity, weight or measure of the goods, as near as pos- 
sible, of each package and of those in bulk; also a bill of health, and his crew 
list. He must likewise give, in a separate) paper if he likes, the total value of 
the cargo for the consul's record books. The vessel's bill of lading must agree 
in every respect with the manifest The consular legalization will cost, for a 
vessel of 200 tons and under, 1£. 7s. (about ^6.75), which fee la graduaJlv in- 
creased on each addi tonal CO tons, until S£. Ss. (about $15.75) is charged for a 
vessel of 3j1 tons and upward. Authenticating the crew-list and bill of health, 
9s. (about 12.25) each. Passengers going to Brazil must be provided with a 
sonsular passport, costing about ^2.25. Once arrived at a Brazilian port, the 



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comoBBcs. 165 



Port charges at Rio do Janeiro: Light and anchorage dnes are collectable 
only 6 times in any one year. All yessels crossing the bar of Rio de Janeiro 
pay port duties as follows:— 3-masted vessels, 12,800 reis; 2-niasted vessels, 9,600 
reis. Seal dues, 40 reis for each mast. Hospital dues: vessels of 8 masts, 
6,000 reis; of 2 masts, 4,000 reis» Each man ou board, 40O reis. Doctor's visits, 
8,200 reis. If the vessel is sent into quarantine. 8,200 reis additional on the 
aiomission of the vessel to pratique. The official charges on a foreign vessel 
of 820 tons register, -with a cargo of coals inward, and another of storesi out- 
ward, would be about 210 milreis; not including her consuVs fees. Private 
charges: Towage; the rates are high, about 80O milreis for a ship of 1.500 tons, 
both ways. Ballast costs from 1,000 to 2,000 reis, according to quality. Dis- 
charging expenses: it is customary for the vessel to pay the expense of land- 
ing and shipping cargo on freight, unless the contrary is stipulated in the bill 
of lading, or charter party. Steam-power may be employed for discharging. 
The following are the usual rates: 

Coals up to 1,000 tons— to discharge in 8 days.... 1,500 reis 

•* *• 10 '^ 1,800 reis 

" from 1,000 to 2,000 tons— to discharge In 12 days.....2,000 reis 
•• •♦ " " *' •' 18 " 1,800 relB 

2,000 reis per day is allowed per man for each of the crew employed. Ropes 
ftnd blocks are furnished by the ship: other gear by the parties employed. 
Commissions: on purchase of a vessel by private contract, 2>^ per cent; on 
amount of vessels condemned by surveyors, 5 per cent; on procuring, or col- 
lecting freight. 2>^ per cent; on disbursements of vessels, In common cases, 
with funds in nana, 2}4 per cent ; on disbursements when funds are advanced, 
or in case of condemnation, or on vessels entering for repairs only, 6 per cent; 



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166 dPANISH-AMBBIOAN MANUAL. 

on reoeiylng and paying money, on which no other commlnrion ii ohtained, 
lyi per cent; for efifecting manne assurance, on the amount insored, 3^ pe^ 
oent ; and when the premium exceeds ten per cent, 5 per cent on the amount 
of premiun; on remittances of bills not endorsed. (^ per cent; in the case of 
discharging and receiying the cargoes of yessels in distress, on the invoice 
amount, 2 % per cent One hal f of the 5 per cent charged on sales of merchan- 
dise, is returned to supercargoes, but nothing of that on investments or other 
business. 

Port charges at Pemambuco. Pilotage, compulsory. The rate yaries for a 
yessel drawing 9 feet, from 11 milrels for one ot 80 tons to 23 milicia for one of 
680 tons; for a vessel drawing 20 feet, from 21 milrels on a vessel of 80 tons, to 
84 milrels for one of 680 tons. One milrei is added for each CO tons of measure- 
ment, and for each foot of water. When fractions occur in tonnage and draft, 
the next greater tonnage or draft is applied. If the draft of water is under 11 
feet, ^ of the amount per table is added; if it is over 11 feet, ^ the amount is 
added. These two additional charges are for pilotage to the loading or unload- 
ing ground. One-sixth of the amount per table is added to the outward pMot- 
a?o for beating and tacking. The law requires yessels to stop, both coming 
Inward and going outward, at the above-named ground; hence the authorir 
izatlou for the abovo charge. The charge for beatwg and tacking is construc- 
tive, as vessels ordinarily use steam for entering and leaving. Towage: not 
compulsory. For the first American or EngUsh 100 tons, 80 milrels; for each 
ton in excess of 100 tons, lOO rels. If the tug furnishes a hawser, she charges 
20 per cent extra. For towing a lighter to and from a vessel in the outer roads, 
60 milrcis. Light dues: From 20 milrels per ton on vessels of 200 Brazilian 
tons or upward; 50 milrcis per ton on one of over 700 Brazilian tons. Vessels 
calling for supplies and anchoring in the outer road pay light dues. Their 
registers are taken and held by the customs officials till the dues arel paid. 
Tonu age dues were abolished In 1876. Fort pass, 6 milrels. Hospital dues : On 
vessels of 2 masts, 4 milrels; with 8 masts. 6 milreis: for each man of the crew, 
640 reis. Stamp dues ; On outward freight to Brazilian ports, on each 1,C00 mil- 
rels, 2 milrcis! to foreign ports, on each 1,000 mihreis, 4 milreis. Translation of 
manifest: Firsts pages, 6 milreis; each additional page, 8 milreis; notarial 
Bignaturo thereto, 6 milreis. Bill of health, 2 milrels. Wharfage: Per metre 
of vessers length, 400 rels per day when handling cargo; when idle, 200 reis. 
No wharf ago incurred when vessels load and unload by lighter. Mooring and 
unmooring: For each the same charge. Hire of mooring boats, 8 milreis; pay 
of captain, 8 milreis; pay of each of the crew. 4 milreis. Mooring is compul- 
sory. The pilot who brings the vessel in designates the mooring berth. Pri- 
vate charges: Stevedore's work varies from 40 reis for a sack of sugar to 400 reis 
for a bale of cotton, and (00 rels for a pipe of mm. Lighterage varies accord- 
ing to class of merchandise, and whether in harbor or outer road. Lighters of 
120 tons charge for general cargo to the outer road, 820 milreis; of 60 tons, 160 
milreis; of 80 tons, 100 milreis; for the inner harbor, 80 to CO milreis. Ballast 
of stone is put alongside for 8 milreis per ton; of sand for 1,200 reis. Sand bal- 
last is taken away for 1,200 reis, and stone for COO reis, per ton, the ship deliv- 
ering the ballasfc to the lighter. Water Is delivered alongside at thd rate of 
1,600 gallons for CO milreis. It can be had at the quays at 600 reis per pipe. 
Boat hire from shore to vessels in the harbor, 500 reis; to vessels in the outer 
road, from 12 to 20 milreis. Ivabor, 2.500 to 8,000 reis per day, in the harbor, 
from 6 A. M. to 6 r. m. For a longer time, or in the outer road, the rate is 
higher, (/'ommissious: on disbursements, 2^ to 5 per cent ; on inward freight, 
2J4 to B per cent; ou outward freight, 5 per cent; on advances against freight, 
including interest and insurance, 6 per cent A ship of 400 English tons, 
equivalent, to 620 Brazilian tons, (30 per cent) will probably pay for all port 
charges about. $1,880 to I>1,900. 

Port charges at Rio Grande do Sul: This Is an expensive port The official 
charges on a vessel of 245 Brazilian tons, including pilotage, would be about 
2n5,380rcls. Towage: inward, exceeding 2 miles from bar, 1,200 milreis; over 
the bar only, 800 milreis; from south to bar, 600 milreis; from south to north 
(and vice versa;, COO milreis; from south to buoy, 820 milreis. The towage of 
the vessel over the bar outward— about 20 minutes' work— for a vessel measur- 
ing 157 Brazilian tons, is about |56. The private charges for a vessel of 246 
Brazilian tons, would be towage outward, at 640 reis per ton, 156,800 rels; pre- 
mium on same for national currency at 8 per cent , 29,134 reis. 

The expenses of tho under-mentioned ports are as follows: At Macelo, for a 
yessel of about 800 tons loading there, about $800; at Santos, for a vessel of 810 
to 81d tons, with a general cargo inward, and leaving in ballast, about 600 mil- 
relB; at Natal, for a yesiel of 812 to 815 tons, loading there, would be I486 to 



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COMMEBCB* 157 



ward 80 milTeis; translatlou of tno manifest 8 milrcis; bill of health, 60 mil- 
Tela; hospital fees, 14.860 milreis; passport. 10.800 milrels; stamped paper, 4 mil- 
reis; captain of the port, 6.400 milreis; ballast, a080 milreis; clearance, aboul 
80 milreis. An American Tessel of 83j tons, with a cargo of paving stones in- 
ward, and ballast outward, paid for all expenses 1.745 milreis. 

Port charges at Imbetiba: Pilotage not obligatory, about C15 per yessel; 
other expenses, including Cape Frio light, 13 cents per ton. Vessels discharge 
with their crews into lighters. Extra labor is worth 8 milreis per day. Vea- 
aels enter and clear at the Macaho custom house. At Cere&, the expenses of 
an American or English vessel of about 810 tons, loading with cotton, includ- 
ing both public and private, would ba about 680 mlheis. 

The goverueut of Brazil levies import duties. The duties on imports constl* 
tato more than one-half of its revenue; nominally they vary from 10 to 40 per 
eent. The custom house also collects on imports a certain percentage on tha 
amount of these duties. This percentage, when first decreed, was only 5 per 
cent ; but it has been increased from time to time. In 1882 it was raised from 
fiO to 60 per cent. The emancipation law added a sur-tax of 6 per cent on all 
taxes, except export duties. The import duties, then, with the addition of the 
60 per cent and the sur-tax of 6 per cent, nominally vary from 16.8 to 67.2 per 
cent In many Instances these duties aro really much heavier, as in that of 
kerosene oil, which pays 86 per cent, though the duty on the article uomiuallT 
is only 80 per cent There are other goods which pay ICO per cent of theur 
valuei Nor are these the only charges the custom house makes on goods im- 
ported; to them must be added the charges for handling, and storage, and the 
so-called expediente impost of 5 per cent on some classes of goods, which are 
nominally exempt from duty. The custom house storage charges, increased 
in 1882, are as follows: ^ of one per cent on the amount of duties for one 
month or less; lU percent per month for two months; 2 per cent for 4 months 
and upwards. A fraction of a month, if it is only one day, cou!ht8 for a full 
month. The exi>ort duties are from 1 to per cent Exports pay also to the 

erovincial governments, which have even levied Import duties, raising ques* 
ons which have not yet been settled. Cofifee pays 7 per cent to tno general gOT- 
emment, and 4 per cent to the provincial government The Dritith consul al 
Rio do Janeiro said in 1874 to hisgovemment : " The custom of sucking the mar- 
row out of the agricultural organization by the imposition of enormous export 
duties, lias rendered the accumulation of capital an impossibility." 

On ana after the 1st of July, 1887, a new rate of duties went Into effect The 
former 10 per cent became 16 per cent; the 20 per cent became 82 per cent; 
the 80 per cent, 48 per cent ; and the 40 per cent, 64 per cent 

Oustoms TarlflT of Brasll. 

The following is a statement of the rates of Import dmty now levied ander 
the New Customs Tariff of Brazil, which came into operation on the 1st of 
July, 1887. 

NOTB.— Kilograms— 2.204 lbs. ayoirdupois; llti»-0.22 Imp. gallon; mil- 
reis— 2b. 8d. (nominal value). 

Abtxclbs, sra Raxbs of Duty. 

I.— ANIMALS, Etc. Rels^ 

, Bees in hives....^........... — „ ». i ... „„,,, • Frsa 



Birds:— 

Canaries and other small birds „^,.,^.,„*m- Kmoh 1,0D0 

Parrots and similar birds » ........^..^ ...^ *' 2,400 

Swans and other large birds ». ...........m.^......... ** 9,600 

Not otherwise distinguished .>....... ,■,......., Free 

Bilk-worms " 

live stock ^— 

Asses, mules and horses....... Each 20,000 

Oxen " 5,000 

Sheep, goats and swine....... *' 1,000 

VIsh: — 

Gold, silver and other fancy fish ** 1,000 

Not otherwise specified................. .................«..^...................... Free 

Leeehes Kllog. 6/M 



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168 ePAXOSH-AMSBIGAM UAVUAL. 

ABnoui»no. RAfMc 

AH other anlmali not danifledN- 

Wild. ^.—^ 

Notclanlfled..»»^— ^»..^.....-....».... — ^ 

gkatetoni, etc., intended for nmaemni and cabin e to of natpiml lilitory ^ ** 

n.— HAIB AND FEAIHEBa 

Httfr, hnmsn, onworked ^.......^.^.,,.^„.^^,„„^„...ja!kig. iAJDOO 

Hair ol the horse or other animals ».. . .».,„^.,,,..^ ** 2M 

Hair of the hare, beayer, rabbit, etc ..^ ...,..^....,.^.„..,.^.,^, ** SSD 

Fancy feathers:— 

Ostrich « " tjm 

Other kinds, for stuffing ^. ^ " «0I 

Buttons made of hair, or every kind ^« ^ 



Babvworked upn— 

Wigs, fore-locks and other hairdresser's wares.. 

Rings, bands, cords, bracelets and similar articles, with or withoat 

clasps or ornaments of gold, or any other metal or materiaL.~Gram 100 

Pigs' or boars' bristles for shoemakers .^.„.,,^ ...........Kilog. Ml 

Of hare, otter or beaver skin and hair, plain ^ .^.,.„^JSm€^ 2,9W 

Do, do. ornamented ♦* 4^500 

Mattresses, bolsters and similar articles, with linings or coverinn of 

akin or any tissue .^...... «. JUlog. 900 

Cords of every kind, in pieces or in articles, made up...................... *' fiO 

Crinolines:— 

In pieces or in clippings ...«. „ *♦ tJWB 

In articles, made up, o! every kind, not otherwise classified, with or 
without mounting of steel or whalebone ....Kilog. %S0 

Brushes:— . 
With handle or back of ivory, mother-of-pearl, or tortoise-shell: 

For clothes, hats, hair, etc ».J)ozen 42,060 

For nails, teeth, etc „ •• 6,600 

With handle or back of bone, of bufflilo-hom,or wood with or without 
incrustations: 

For cleaning metals, etc » ...» .»J)osen 600 

For clothes, hats or hair „ « " 4,000 

For teeth, nails, combs and mustaches ».. .. ,^ *' 1,000 

For tables, etc " 4,000 

For shoes, harness and animals, with or without handle......... " 1,000 

Not otherwise mentioned ** 1,200 

Note.— Brushes with which are combs, mirrors, etc., wiU pay an 

_ ad ditional duty of 20 per cent, on the preceding duties. 

FBithers:— 

Peacock and similar feathers.......^ «».. Dozen 1^000 

Of every kind, not otherwise mentioned.....»» ** 5,200 

Corsets of hair ....» .....<..«»..............».... ^^..............Eaidi 2,000 

Fans and fire-screens of feathers :— 

With edges or handles of bone, horn or wood.......... ** 1,600 

Do. of ivory, mother-of-pearl, or tortoise-shell....... . ........... " 8,000 

Plumes for soldiers' hats:— 

Of feathers ................................^..^.Oram SI 

Of hair Kilog. 8,200 

Feathers: 
Forfiowersand ornaments: 

Small « ^ ...^ " 5,000 

Of any other kind, to.'srether or in parts >^ ......^.Grarn 70 

In fiowers, 8ingle,or in bouquets and other ornaments. ........ *' 70 

QnHls for writing : 

Plain, with or without ornaments »....».Kilog. 2,000 

Gilded or painted, with or without omaments............M« —.......• '* 16,000 

Brashes, etc.- 

Fine, in quills, for drawing, etc ....•....^..M.Kilog. 16,000 

Common, with curved ends for tarring ........»..J)ozon 8,O00 

For painting and whitewashin<sr -^ ....Kilog. 1,600 

Of every other kind, flat or pointed, for tracings, plans, or for var- 
nishing, including feather-brooms for painters and gi]dera...Kilog. 5,000 



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▲BnoLBs, BiOi BaxbsofDutt 

IteshAYlng: Beis 

With handle of boii6, or horn »..-^.^.......-M...»M....M...^. .—^ " 2,40& 

I)o.iTor7,mother-of-i>earl, ortortol8e-shcll...^...^......«*.....«M " 12,800 

Brooms of every kind, with or without handles...^.^....^... :.I>osen 4,000 

▲U articles manufactured of hair and feathers, not otherwise men- 

tioned......^....^......^....^,.....^........ »..^......48 per cent. odwiL 

NoTB.— Tissues of hair pay the same duties as those of wool, ac- 
cording to quality. 

m.— HIDES, SONS AND LEATHER. 

ftaw hides of every kind: 

Green .........^.......^....^.......................JEaiog. 80 

Dried and salted ..^...^ ...-^ *• 140 

Prepared and tanned, with halr:^ 

£rmine, beaver, otter, etc ».m. ..................... ..................... '* 8,500 

Notspecifled «. ,^ .^ •« 1,000 

Pireparea and tanned, without hair:~ 

In clippings and scraps ...».......................................m« " 200 

In the piece, tanned and sole leather ..^.................^ " 600 

Of the wild boar, chamois, morocco, or moroccoed hides.....»..Kllog. 1,000 

Not otherwise mentioned :~ 

Wlilte, or natural color ...«..„ " 600 

Dyed „ -« . •* 1,000 

Varnished, of any quality « « " 2.200 

Whips without handles....^. ...^....................Dozen 8,601 

Bridies for carriages :— 

Of white leather, dyed or varnished, plain, for single hamess....£ach 81,000 

Do. do. with ornaments with common metal, for single harness " 48,000 
Do. do. do. of plated, silver-plated, or gilded metal, for single 

harness...... ......Each 60,000 

Of leather, raw or tanned, plain, for single harness " 10,000 

Do. do. with ornaments of common metal, for single harness. ... " 13,000 

Do. for tramways, of white or dyed leather -^......^......^ " 14,000 

Poises, bags, cases :~ 

For sewing, plain or with silk, with or without ornaments Kilog. 2,000 

For travelling, hand,haversacks, etc., without ornaments, plain '* 1,400 

Do. with ornaments of elass,porcelain,bone, wood, horn, iron , etc.** 2,400 
Do. with ornaments of ivory, mother-of-pearl, tortoise-shell, metal, 

silver-plated, or gilded, etc ....Kilog. 6,000 

Tobacco pouches «~.. ** 2,000 

Qame-bags. plain ..Each l,r^ 

Do. with powder and shot flasks ..» ** 

Headstalls: — 

Of white, dyed or varnished leather, plain •* 1,400 

Do. white ornaments of common metal ». *' 1,600 

Do. silvered, or of metal plated or gilded ..« " .2,100 

Of leather, raw or tanned «^........».. " 900 

Halters...... „ -. *« 760 

Note.— Harness without bridles and bridles without harness, pay 
half the duties. 

Boots and shoes:— 

Boots, long, Hessian ««......^ - ..^.......^Pair 10,000 

Do. notspecifled.... ^ ^ .^ " 6,800 

Ladies' boots and buskins: 

Of leather or skins of every kind, up to 22 centimetres long.... •• 1,100 

Do. more than 22 centimetres long .« *• 2,800 

Of cotton, wool , or linen tissues, up to 22 centimetres long ...... •• 760 

Do. more thau 22 centimetres long ** 1,800 

Of silk or other tissues mixed with silk, up to 22 centimetres long ** 2,500 

Do. more than 22 centimetres long ** OiOOf 

oes:— 
Of leather or skin, or of cotton, wool, or linen tissues, up to 22 cen- 
timetres long « „ ..« Pair 600 

Do. more than 22 centimetres long ** 1,400 

Of silk or other tissues mixed with silk, up to 22 centimetres 

long „.«.i.....«......Palr 1,400 

Do. more than 22 centimetres long ^^. — ...^.. — .. " «,000 



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AxnCLMBf BTC* RAIBSOVDITFT 



Of filk or other tlwntn mixed with lilk, «p to S3 oeaftlmetrM 

long.....^ — — ^ ^ -^ Pair 1,«0 

Do more than 22 centimetres long....-^...— -^^......—^...^...-^ ** I^OOQ 

suppers and sandals : 

Of leather or skin, or of cotton, wool or linen t&Bsae, up to 22 oenti- 

motreslong ^ «. «.^ ^......^....Pair 800 

Do. more than 22 centimetres long ** MO 

Of silk or other tissues mixed with silk, up to 22 centimetres 

long ...: .«.Pair 1,400 

Do. more than 22 centimetres long ...........m............ " ' 

Clogs of any kind «. •• 

Note.— Boots of any tissue with high uppers of leather or of sUn 
aro dutiable as i f they were wholly of leather or skin of any quality. 
Boots and buskins with high uppers for women and children, 
called ladies' boots and half-boots, which exceed in height exclu- 
ding the heel-piece, two-thirds the length of the sole, and shoes of 
every kind embroidered with gold or silver thread, pay a surtax of 
20 per cent, on their respective duties. 

Shoes in which silk is simply used for embroidering, omamenttng 
etc. cannot be considered as shoes of tissues mixed with silk. 

Cuttings of every kind of shoes, stitched or lined, are considered 
as finished articles, but an allowanoe of 20 per cent on their respect 
ivo duties is made. 

Hats and bonnets of any kind ...........^...................... ....Baeh 

Shotbags:— 

Single or with a single tube »...».^................. J)oaea 4,000 

Double or two tubes, and those in the form of a powder-flask. *' 8,000 

Straps ........................................Each 600 

Da thick, for carriages:— 

Single -« ^..^.......^ •• 8,000 

With ornaments of common metal............................................. ** 10,000 

Do. plated, or of metal silver-plated or gilded.^....................^... " 12^ 

Bono collars:— 

Plain •« 2,800 

With ornaments of common metal............................................. " 8^600 

Do. plated, or of metal, silver-plated or gilded.......^.................. '* 6,000 

Oavats Doaen 8,900 

Fans of every kind............ ...................Each 1,800 

Stirrup-leathers........ »..«...J)o». prs. 8,400 

Gloves:— 

Of Kid, including ganta de Suide..., ** 9,000 

Of chamois, beaver, etc '* 6J600 

Trunks of every size:— 

Covered with sheep leather, sail-cloth, etc. up to 60 centimetres 

long, ....« «.......«. .. — „..«. Each 8,000 

Do. from 60 to 80 centimetres long ...................m. " 7,500 

Do. above 80 centimetres long *' 18,000 

Of strong leather, varnished or not, up to 60 centimetres long. *' 6,800 

Do. from 6o to 80 centimetres Inng........ .......««. ** 14,000 

Do. above 80 centimetres long •« 20,000 

Sose and other articles of leather for pumps and for ships' use...Kilog. 1,100 
orse coverings and pads, skins for rugs or mats, of morocco, Jaguar, 

goat, or any other skins....... .........................Kilog. 1,200 

Breast nieces:— 

Of leather, white or dyed .....Each 1,700 

Do. varnished " 8,400 

Leggings or gaiters ........... ........ «..............Pair 8,000 

Tips for billterd cues ... ...........Kilof. 1,600 

Cruppers:— 

Of leather, white or dyed ........................................Doiea 4^200 

Do. varnished *' 7,000 

Saddles:— 

For men. covered with pig-leather or with pig or chamois leather, 

or of skin known as g/upeados „ Each 14,000 

Da covered with sheep leather or with sheep and pig leather. '* 8,000 
For ladies and girls, covered with pig leather or with pig leather 
and velvet, or with yelvet .......Each 



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180 
600 



OOMMBBCB. 161 

▲BncLEs BTo. Rates of Dutt 

8ac|41e8>— Beli 

Do. covered entliely with chamois, morocco, or sheep leather, or 

having the seat solely of pig leather „ .........^ Each 18,000 

Note.— Saddles for men and for -women, and all other articles for 
the use of travellers and persons entering by the frontiers are free 
from duty. 

The duties upon saddles do not include those of the harness with 
which they are imported. 

Bands, sewn or not, for hats ^. Eilog. 1,600 

JLll articles not otherwise mentioned :— 

For shoemakers, of leather, white or dyed........ ** 8,200 

Do. do. varnished « •* 4^200 

For curriers, for military and other outfit, with or without orna- 
ments of common metal, of leather, white or dyed Kilog. 8,200 

Do. do. varnished » ** 4^200 

IV.— MEATS, FISH, OLEAGINOUS SUBSTANCES, AND 
OTHER ANIMAL PRODUCTS. 

OUsaiidfats:— 

Of horse, whale, wolf, etc. , prepared for oiling machines ....Kilog. 

Prepared for sewing machines, etc •• 

Note.— These duties do not apply to oils imported in casks; if the 
importation is made in demijohns they will pay 20 per cent, more, 

• and in bottles, flasks, or pitchers, 50 per cent including the duties 
on the receptacles. 
This note is not applicable to oils purified for sewing machines, etc 

Lard or hog's-grease, rendered or prepared Kilog. 200 

Meat:— 

Beef and mutton, fresh for preserving in ice, etc . ** 70 

Da dried (cJiarqw) •* 71 

Of any kind, not otherwise mentioned, in brine or smoked....... *' 120 

Hams, prepared in any way ** 450 

Preserves of meat, tongrues, cervelas, chitterlings, soups. Jollies, and 

.. other preparations, not medicinal Kilog. 600 

Sausages ** 800 

Extracts of meat » " 2,000 

Wax:— 

For melting, unpurified. native, or raw « " 820 

Prepared, in sticks, purified or clear, in cakes, white or yellow. ** 600 

;' Candles, common and plain, and small wax tapers................... '* 1,200 

: In articles not otherwise mentioned — ................. *• 2,000 

Qum or gelatin e :— 

Prepared for typography ...............^...».. ** 800 

Not otherwise mentioned......^......... " 650 

Spermaceti:— 

Raw or prepared, purified, in lumps or reflned........................M " 400 

In candles ** 600 

Ouano and other manures Free 

Milk prepared in any way .................Kilog. 280 

Tongues, tripe, etc. of pig, etc. :— 

Dried or salted „ " 160 

Preserved or prepared in any other manner •♦ 600 

Butter, pure — " 580 

Eggs of the pullet and other domestic fowls *• 160 

Fish, not otherwise mentioned, shell-fish, oysters, and other molluscs 
and fish ova:— 

Dried, salted, or in brine ..Kilog. 60 

Fresh, in ice *♦ 60 

Preserved and prepared in any manner " 600 

Cheeses of every kind ** 680 

Soap, not perfumed :— 

Black or brown » .m. ** 60 

Yellow „ " 150 

White — •* 800 

Blood of any animal, dried or prepared.......... ** 20 

Tallow or fat:— 

Raw or rendered " 70 

In candles and purified for pomades '* 820 

Manual. 



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162 8PAMI8H-AMEBIOAN MAMVAL. 

Abticuh, no. Rateb or Dnrr 

•teuinc:- Bflii. 

In lumps ^ •* 40» 

In eftiicIlet«M«- *«. «^...»^......«iM...^ ..».^^.............m«^ ** MO 

BAOon, salted or in brine ^....^^ .....^ ^.. ».^.....^. ** 19 

V.-IVOEY, MOTHER-OF-PEARL, TORTOISE-SHELL, Etc 

Ivory and motber-of-pearl, raw or prepaied.^......,...^. ^....KUog. 640 

Tortoise-shell (head and hoofs) « ^..~ -.. ** 8,200 

Whale-bone ^ « *.«.^......^ «^^...^. " ttO 

Whelks, caoris, and shells not otherwise mentioned ^^ *' 800 



ine. ^.. ^ " 14,000 

Common, lor home cleaning, etc^.^^.........^^.^^^^.^^.......^. *' 8^600 

Bone:~ 

Cuttle ««^ ^ " tm 

Not otherwise mentioued......^.^......*...^.. . ....... . " 80 

Pearls, raw..^........^...—^....^...........^ ^ — ...... Oram l^lOO 

Homs:^ 

Of the abada, onicom, rhinoceros and sea-horse.......... ^.Kllog. ttO 

Clattle ~.... ~ ^ ** 80 

BuflrUo and stag, unprei>aied.....» — ..^ ** 70 

Hoofs of any kind, not otherwise mentioned......... — ... .»....».. . * 80 

Fancy articles:— 

Of bone or hom.............,^^......... » »».................KiUig. 6,000 

" ivory, mother-of-pearl, or tortoise-shell .........•^^.....^m... *' fl^QOO 

With ornaments of gold or silver..... — . ... — .......~... ** 40y000 

Walking-sticks:— 

Of whale-bone, composition or prepared hom.....................^... ** 8,480 

•• ivory......«......« «« «. •• aojooe 

Iftnff-boxes:— 

Of bone or horn «., — .«.......«« — . — •• 2,000 

" ivory - 12,800 

*• tortoisoHdiell or tortoise-shell and bone •• 

Note.— Snuff-boxes having a small plate or incrustation of silver 
and gold will pay these duties, but those which, besides the plate, 
have other incrustations and ferrules of gold or silver will pay an 
additional duty of 50 per cent 



For trousers, of bone or horn ...<.....»».Eilog. 400 

Do. of ivory, motherof-pearl. and tortoise-shell ** iJM 

8tn<^ with ornaments of the following and similar materials, except- 
ing gold and silver, viz. bone or horn Kilog. 1,480 

Do. with incrustations or marqueterie of tortoise-shell or any other 

material KUog. 8,200 

Do. of ivory, mother-of-pearl and tortoise-shell ~ ** 12^800 

Coral in beads and manufactured ..... ...».—««.............•....... ** 6^000 

Plates or sheets:— 

Of horn and windows for lanterns, etc ...»»... ** 1,000 

** ivory, for drawing, etc -....«. ..... — «. ...... ....^........... " 8,000 

Fans:— 

Of bone or horn ...............................^Eaeh 1,800 

" ivory, mother-of-pearl, or tortoise-shelL..»~.......................... '* 0,600 

ghagreen......^ — «.....««.......«.. — ..^....Kilog. 8 

Combs:— 

Of bone and horn of any kind »» ...................... " 2,000 

" ivory .... " 9,600 

Of tortoise-shell: 

Hair-combs ........ •• 20,000 

Other ...A •• 40,000 

Pearls, strung — „ ..».....«.....Oram 1,000 

Powder horns ..........Kilog. IjSOO 

Bibs, of whale bone:— 

For corsets ..*, ...««« ««.......«-. . •• 2,000 

For fire-arms &c ««...............««..-.....«.. •• 800 

All articles not otherwise mentioned:— 

Of bone or horn . •* 2,800 

•• ivory or mother-of-pearl " 16,000 

•• tortoise-shell « " 21,000 

Note.— Articles in this class which have ornaments or incmsta- 



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1 



AsncLBs, BTa Ratbi or Dutt 

• tlons of gold or silver, and which are not eipecially provided for, 
]Miy doaUe the above duties. 

VI.-FRUrrS E^ 
•Men fmlts, ehettnmts, ants, cocoa-nuts, fillSerts, almonds, olives of 

every kind....»^ ^ ^.,..^ « Kilog. 80 

Vniits, dried, of every kind " 180 

-Jll other Imits, nuts, etc. not otherwise mentioned: 

Vreierved in brandy, sirup, paste or Jelly « •• 600 

*' in sufrar, dried or with juice, and crystallized, or prepared in 

any other manner. .» .....Kilog. 850 

VII.— VEGETABLES, FLOUR, AND CEREALS 

mnetandpanicum » » Kilog. 80 

5loe, hulled or not, or crushed ** 20 

arley of every kind •• 80 

Bran aud stubble of every kiud ** ]0 

Flours, feculasnd prepared powders:— 

Of wheat - 10 

** of maize, rice, potatoes, barley, oats, rye, sago, tapioca, amylft* 

ceous starch or fecula, etc Kilog. 120 

Milk foods ** 20O 

*• Revalenta," ♦♦Barry's Food,'» aud similar foods ..., •• 1,000 

■aricot beans of every kind ». ** 80 

ftt herbs of every kind :— 

Dried or fresh, salted or in brine « « *• 80 

Preserved in any manner, with or without mixture of fruits or veg- 
etables «. .«..Kllog. 860 

fMd Pastes:— 

Common sea and lunch biscuits » — ......... ** 80 

Biscuits of any other kind, small biscuits ** 880 

Macaroni, vermicelli, etc « " 120 

Maize:— 

Angola miUet (for small birds) «• 80 

OfsDy other kind « ^ ** 1ft 

Ttaiatoes:— 

Whole, fresh or in brine - «.. •• 80 

Prepared in any other manner •• 860 

Wheat in the grain ....».» Free 

Tcgetables, flours and cereals not otherwise mentioned:— 

^ried Kilog. 80 

Preser>'ed ♦• 860 

Vni.— PLANTS, LEAVES, FLOWERS. FRXnTS, SEEDS, ROOTS, 
BARKS, FODDER AND QPICEB 

living shrubs, trees and plants of every kind Free 

Garlic, loose, strung or in bunches Kilojs; 80 

Berries, grains, beans, fruits, thistles, seeds, nuts, etc. used in dyeing, 
Bicdicine, etc:— 

Saffron, bastard saffron or carthamus (seed) Kilog. 1,000 

Anise or sweet herb, common ., •* 800 

Do. do. fine " 1,000 

VaniUa (beans) « •* 16,000 

Small cardamon (seed) ** 4^200 

Tonka perfumed beans ** 8,200 

Colocynth « «. " 1,200 

Cumin « «.. •« 800 

Gall-nut •• 160 

Lidseed ., ^ . •• 100 

Water-melon, with rind .«« " 200 

Do. without rind „ •* 1,000 

Nutmeg •• 1,600 

Mustard, black or white " 160 

*• of any kind, prepared or preserved •* 80O 

Beans (Ignatia amara) '* l^OO 

Elderberries, myrtle, Juniper berries •* 100 

Scsamum *• 100 

For gardening and for agricultural purposes nee 

Not otherwise mentioned KUog. 480 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



l6i BPANIBH-AMBBIOAN MANUAL. 

ABnCLBS, ETC. RATBSOFDQTT 

Belf 

Potstoes. edible, EngUah eto.^ ^.. — .^.............^Kilof. !• 

TomaTinds ^ « ^ ..^.....««....^«.... ** 600 

Barks and wood, medicinal and for dyeing:— 

Cinnamon bark ^ ~ ^ ** 60t- 

Oak^ quercitron, American bark, Brazilian wood, log-wood, sumao. 
sandal-wood^ lignnm yitao, sassafras, and any other kind of wood 

or bark for tanning or dyeing ..Kllog GO 

Not otherwise specified « ^„.„^ " 40D 

Onions: 

Loose and strung, or in bnnches ** flO 

Preserved, with or without other fruits or vegetables... ».. ** 860 

Indian tea of any kind « — . " yXd 

Mushrooms, dry or preserved « ^ «.^ " 860 

Cloves (Indian) ^ " 800 

Hay, oats, straw and other fodder, green or dried " 1& 

Leaves, flowers, herbs, stalks, rushes, mosses, etc., for medicine and 
dyeing:— 

Saffron, bastard or carthamus (flowers) «...«.. — . " 1,200 

Do. Spanish or Asiatic ..« " 16,000 

Rosemary, leaves « " 160 

Do. flowers «.. ~.. " 640 

Lavender-spike (flower) i " 160 

Cusso (Bavera authelmlntica) .««.......«. " 1,200 

Hops..:. " 130 

Mallow, leaves ** 820 

Do. flowers « «.. " 640 

Corsican, coraline, Island or Irish mosses....... «. «. " 160 

Orchil moss «.«. ....... " 80 

Mace or nutmeg flower « " 8,200 

Poppy flower, white, black or red .«... " 260 

Not otherwise speclned *' 480 

Tobacco:— 

In cheroots ^..Hundred 5,100 

In cigars « ...Kilog. 8,600 

In leaves «.. ...« " 620 

For chewing, etc " 1,100 

Cut for pipes and cigars « " 1,400 

Bnuff. .;. " 8,000 

Prepared in any other manner *• 5,600 

Laurel leaves .«. ** 160 

Pimento:— 

Asiatic or black Malabar ** 160 

Of nny other kind, fresh, dried or preserved, with or without 

mixture of any fruits or vegetables " 860 

Boots and bulbs, for medicine, dyeing, etc. 

Indian salTron, curcuma or yellow ginger « " 640 

Liquorice ~ ** 240 

Marshmallow, with or without bark or ground ** . 240 

Dog's grass and iris ** 180 

Salcp.r. •' 1,600 

For kitchen gardens, and, generally, for agricultural purposes.. Free 

Not otherwise mentioned Kilog. 480 

Bplces not otherwise mentioned " 1,000 

Note.— Articles included in this class, if they are of a nature to be 
imported in the following conditions: pressed, scraped, grated or in 
powder, will bo dutiable in tho first three cases at the rate of 10 per 
cent and in tho latter case at the rate of 25 per cent, over and above 
the amount of the duties specified. 

If the flowers, leaves, roots, seeds, etc., of the same plant, of wMch 

the several parts are dutiable at different rates, are imported together 

in the same package or mixed, so that it is not possible to separate 

them, the duty must be levied on that part paying the greatest duty. 

IX.— VEGETABLE SIRUPS AND ESSENCES, ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, 

AND FERMENTED AND OTHER LIQUIDS. 

Tar and pitch KUog. 16 

Bugar:— 

Candy -... •• 660 



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OOMMBBCB. 165 

ABTICLBSXra 1U.TEB OF DUTT 

^„. EelB 

Raltlii or glQeofle...-^....^^........... ......^^..^ .^.Jaiog. 100 

Of any other kind . " 240 

Oll^- 

8weet olive, etc.....^............»........ ......«.....-«..^«.«.........^..Litre K9 

Cotton « " 200 

Kototherwise mentioned « " 100 

(These duties are only applicable to oils imported in casks: oils im- 
ported in demijohns will do liable to a surtax of 25 per cent.; those 
imported in bottles, jars, flasks or other receptacles of stoue, earth- 
enware or glass, to a surtax of 60 per cent. Including the duty on the 
receptacles.) 

Vtormenied beverages:— 
Beer: 

Milk and extract Kilog. 600 

Common of every kind ^ Litre 200 

Hydromel, cider and other beverages, not otherwise mentioned ** 200 

oFoil Kilog. 60 

Of wine, liquid « " 80 

Camphor " 600 

Cachou or Japanese earth ** 60 

Vegetable wax:— 

Pure or plain — " 820 

Composite or prepared...... « '* 80O 

Qmns, resins and natural balms:— 

Mastic, Indian ... *« 8,200 

Do. elemi or elemi resin •• 600 

Aloes of every kind «»......«» — .... *• 600 

, Ammoniac .«.«. " 800 

Arabic, Acacia or Senegal ** TOO 

Assafcetida *• 600 

Batatas " 4,000 

Copal, hard or soft " 600 

Bcammony •* 10,000 

Euphorbia ~ - " 820 

Guaicum •* 600 

Incense or olibanum ». ** 800 

Jalap, white or black •• 10,000 

Lac.!. " 400 

Peruvian gum " 4,000 

Mecca gum ». " 6^000 

Turpentine « •• 80 

Pitch-pine, prepared for instruments « « "• 1,800 

Do. black and other kinds *' 10 

Tolu, dry or soft •• 2,400 

Not otherwise mentioned •* 1,200 

Liqueurs, common and sweet, of every kind « Litre 700 

Alcoholic liquids and beverages:— 

Absinthe and kirsch •• 1,600 

Alcohol, brandy, cognac, rum, whisky, cane brandy, etc " 4,000 

Gin " 260 

Note.— Alcoholic liquids and beverages are dutiable according to 
the strength of the alcohol, to be determined by the Gay-Lussao al- 
cohometer. the above duties being fixed for 100 degrees, at a tem- 
perature of 15 degrees centigrade. 

Manna of every kind. » Kilog. 1,000 

Opium, raw or solidified « *' 9,600 

Fruit syrups of every kind " 150 

Vinegar:— 

Common or for cooking, red or white Litre 100 

For preserving Kilog. 860 

Wines:- 

Sparkling, white or red, of every kind Litre 1,800 

Spirituous, such as Muscatel, Malmsey, Tokay, Constance, etc. " 860 

Dry, common, table and fermented " 160 

NOTE.— Wines in bottles or other receptacles of glass or faience 
will pay a surtax of 60 per cent, including the duties on the recepta- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ii6 gPAKIBH'AimgOAII MAHUAL. 

AMttCLEMf WttL 

J 

ctea. Thli not«»bow«fer» ii not appUcabla to ipaikllitwlMt ol 
every kind. 

The duty on wines In casks Inclndes that on the leeeptacles. 
not medicinal of any kind — ..^^ >.....^.....«.»^ ^..Ktlog; 

.JoTB.— Articles in this category, ii imported in one of the foUow- 
Ing conditions, vis: braised, grated, scrsped or in powder, will pay 
in the first three cases 10 per cent, and in the latter ease 25 per eenl 
over and above the xespeetive duties. 

X.— MATBBIALd FOB PEBFUMEBY, BT^NO, PAXNTINO, Era. 
Husk « .^ ^.....^..^.^.^..^.Oram 



•*n; 



Ultramarine of every kind ^ ^ ^ .................^.Kilog. fOO 

Bistre ^ *• m 

Carmine....^ « ^^^^.^.^-^ *' 6jOOD 

Prick-wood, carbonised (for drawing) — ^. ^ ,^..^.^^»..^ ** 480 

Blue ashes ^ « .»......^..... " 20i 

GochineaL...^ ~ «~. ** W 

Coral, fine, in powder ^ ^ .-«.... " 20D 

Aniline or f uchsine colors of every kind, etc., liquid or solid........ '* IjOM 

Cork, pulverized or Spanish black ... — ......—...m •• "^ 

Artificial essences of every kind ^.^ •* 

Blacking for shoes :— 

Liquid •• 100 

In paste or powder ..............^ *' tSD 

Indigo... .!?.. •• a» 

Animal or vegetable kermes — .....«».....^.. ** 400 

Lao of every color. •• 100 

Pencils:— 

Thick, for carpenters *• 000 

For drawing cr writing » .» »m ** 1,000 

For pencil-cases ..........^ *' 4^000 

Black or stone •• 060 

Pastes or extracts for dyeing, liquid or solid : 

Of pasteland gall-nut, Campeche, Brazil, sandal-wood &sumao *' 120 

Not otherwise mentioned '* 600 

Powders for gilding " 00 

Coloriug materials, such as alizarine, anchuslne, bichine, cnrcnmlne, 
indigotine^ hematine, braziline, carthamine (extract of safihon) etc 

Kllog. 1«€00 

Bisefor gilding - . •• 800 

Indianink •• 000 

Oehres:-r 

Bed, yellow and earth violet ................... •• 16 

King violet, etc •• GO 

Oils, fixed, liquid and concrete:— 

Almond, sweet or bitter, and sesamum — .... — .................. ** 600 

Croton-tiglium ** 4,000 

Euphorbia ,^ " 0,200 

Cod or skate liver «• 640 

Male fern (ethers " 0,000 

Linseed:— 

Not purified or colored « " 70 

Purified or not colored " 290 

Boiled •• 180 

Nutmeg ** 0^600 

Castor-oil:— 

Distilled .„ •« 100 

Pressed " aOO 

Not otherwise mentioned (medicinal) •• 1,000 

Pyroligneous or empyrcumatic oils:— 

Cade oU - 000 

Naphtha « •« 100 

Petroleum, prepared or purified for illuminating (kerosene and 

gasoline) ~ Kilog. 100 

Do. not prepared or raw, & residues from petroleum distillation ** 80 

Not otherwue mentioned ............. ** 1,000 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



TilatDeor cMBtlal ofli>-- 



ABttcui, sie. Bjlteb of Vmr 



jUn tm i ry ^ ^^^.^gilog 1,0 



_jTeiider<|iike .^^ ** 8,000 

Otrnge-flower — » •' ISfiOO 

Juniper. , , ■ " 1,600 

MnaUrd ..«^.«^..^ „ " 16,000 

Ifcnaft -— ,----,-,,, , , «• 80,000 

Turpentine or ■^ritsoltarpentine^ ^..^ ^..^ ...... ** 70 

Kolotberwiieinentioned...^.....^..^........^.^................^.......^ *• 6,000 

-•^e paper. ^ •• 8,200 

_jery...« ^ Kilog. 1,008 

Note.— Tliis article does not include essences and pore oils, bat 
only those preparations which under the name of oils, extracts or 
e intended for * - - - 



08rmin< 
VifffunM 



vMciivoaauduivuuvTUAvi.' the hair, linen, etc, andeau-de-Colognet 
etc.nsed fbr perfuming: dentifricesof every kind; preparationsused 
lor dyeing; beautifying and preserving the skin or the hair: aro- 
matio Tinegars used for nerfuming; powders for the hair, teeth, 
ikin, etc.: pomades, etc., for the hair: soap in cakes, powder, paste 
or prepared In any other manner: aromatic and perfumed pasnles, 
tahlettes and other similar articles not otherwise distinguished. 
Perfumes in pots, flasks or vases of porcelain, gilded or ornamented, 
and of Na 2 glass, will pay double the respective duties. 

VswUers:— 

Forshosa. .......................... ............^..KUog. 60 

Of ivory, calcined........*... — . . — ................................. '* 800 

For printing, colored, or for gilding or silvering.......^...... " 9,000 

Aalmal Dlack(calcined bones):— 

Inimngi .«-... |J 10 

Hhvw^ .,■■■■ I m'T-TTm ■ V.\'-'7 M''*,7T'^V,T^*''Tr,V.''"'","'T!^ *• ' 1,200 

Mamata^nif** r. , ..m... *• 600 

Bed chalk ..-« •* 600 

Umber (Cologne or OllTeira)......^..................*.... ..................... ** 240 

■nmac... " 15 

ftenna earth,,, i... *• 800 

Colors:— 

Ink, for writing: 

Liquid ......... ....... «• 180 

In powder or paste..<....«.................«.......MM....................M.......... " 600 

Ink for marking linen ..................... «• 1,600 

Wot drawing: 

In sheiisr.!*.".7.*zrr.*.r.r^*.7..™.7.'«™ 15 

In powder, paste or cakes....».....................................................Kilog. 2,000 

Prepared in water — .. .................................... •• 66 

Prepared in oil« etc.: 
For printing or lithography, and for painting houses, etc. ....Kilog. 100 
Fine, in tubes or cylindeis of metal, etc................^.........^...... ** 2,000 

€toeen:-- 

Compounded...................^.... '* 180 

Parisian, etc....... ..—.««««...............«. •• 820 

▼amiish:— 

Of tar. " 20O 

Not otherwise specified « «...., " 600 

NoTB.— Articles included in this category, if they are of a nature 
to be imported in one of the following conditions, viz.: bruised, 
grated, scraped, or In powder, will pay in the first three cases 10 per 
(sent, and in the latter case 2& per cent over and above the respective 
duties. 

XI.-CHEMICAL PRODUCTS, PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS, 
AND MEDICAMENTS IN GENERAL. 

Acetone or pyro-scetic spirit ........«......................«H»...........Eilog. 1,000 

Acetates or pyrolignites:— 

Of alumina *' 800 

** ammonia, liquid or solid .................m.- '* 240 

'* lead, liquid or crystallized, salt or vinegar of lead....«.......... *' 20O 

** copper, ammOniacaL................ ............•..........<..«»............ ** 4JB0O 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



168 SPAMIBH-AJIPBBICAM UAKUUm 

▲eetatMorpyToumitei:— Bait 

Do. CT^talllseoL or in powdM .,»^.....>^«......^...^ Ktlog. 25* 

Of Uthia. ^ — ^ — ^ •• 16,0(» 

*' Bilver ^ ^.....^^.....^...,.^. ^^>. ^ ^^.^Qimm 60 

•• cobalt....^ ^ .^....» .^.^ Kilog. IIMXM 

" Iron ^^ " 60 

" mercury » » » .^ .^..............«^.»......... " 7,000 

** any metal, not otherwise cUstinguished....-^....^.......^^...^. " 1,000 

*' alkaloids or organic bases...^^....^....— ^^.—..^..^..^...^^..Gram 100 

▲elds?— 

Acetic, strong or crystalliiable, and pnre, of yerdigris or glacial..g11og. 80 

Arsenious or white oxido of arsenic ^ m^-.^..^.....^.... " 80 

Benzoic or flowers of benzoin ^^....... — ....»^..«^.... — ^. '* 2,200 

Bromic « ^ .« «.. " 7,000 

Perchloric ^ « ^ " 2,400 

Formic « ^ « •• 2,000 

Hydrochloric chlorhydrio or muriatic, pure or colorles&^..».^ " 100 

Do. impure or colored. ^.....-^ . ......^...«»^.. — " 16 

Iodic, pure ^ - 8,600 

Lacticf. « •* 2,000 

Nitric or azotic, pare, colorless......^......^.... .........^.».......... '* 100 

Do. impure or colored .^.........^....^.....m^m......^ *' 80 

Oxalic ^ *• 80 

Phosphoric, solid or glacial.......^ ^..^............^.........^ *' 1,000 

Do. Uquid « •• 120 

Pyroeallic ^ . •• 8,000 

Pyroiigneous, pyroacetic, or vinegar of wood..... ...m. ........... ** 80 

Sorbicf. ^ *• 8,000 

Succinic, yolatlle salts of amber — .................. *' 2,400 

Sulphuric, oil or spirit of vitriol, pure or colorless........... — ...... ** 80 

Do. impure or common *' 10 

Sulphurous, liquid «. ..».. .................. ** 80 

Tartaric -. " 80O 

Valerianic V 4,000 

Not otherwise mentioned................ ** 800 

Aconite » ....Oram 240 

Waters:— 

English..... Kilog. 800 

Distilled, of orange, rose and lettuce flowers.,.....^..................... '* 400 

Do. not otherwise mentioned " 800 

Hemostatic of any kind and vulneraric alcohol......» *' 1^ 

Mineral, natural or artificial, of any kind...».............................. ** 200 

Albumen, animal or dried " 1/K)0 

Alkaloids or natural or artificial organic bases, etc., not otherwise men- 
tioned ....Oram 100 

Alcohol, amylaceous ...................Kilog. 800 

Ouncotton ., «..«. " 4,000 

Alumina, dry or gelatinous " 2^500 

Ambergris «....Gram 400 

Liquid ammonia, volatile alkali, or spirits of sal ammoniac.»......Kilog. 240 

Amy^dallne « » .^..................^..........Gram 80 

Amylene .Kilog. 10«000 

Antimouiateslof potash, plain or diaphoretic antimony, purified or not, 

Kilog. 1.000 

Do. of alkaloids „ « « Gram 100 

Antipyrene '• 80 

Carburet of potash, of any description Kilog. 18,000 

Antraquinine and hydroquinine Gram 80 

"Apiol," pure " 20 

Arrobes for medicinal purposes. „ Kilog. 800 

Arson iates and arsenites:— 

Of potash or of Foda, pure Kilog. 2,000 

Do. impure, for the arts and industries » " 200 

Of silver ^ .........Gram 60 

'* any metal, not otherwise specified Kilog 2,000 

" alkaloids or organic bases Gram 100 

Asparaprine, pure «.. *• 20 

fingar of milk, salt of milk, or lactine Kilog l/)0O 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ABtICLI8» STC. RATSSOFDUTT 

Balms, prepaied, of any kind, not oCherwlie mentioned .»..^^....Eilog. 1,800 

Benzoates, metallic, of any kind — .......^....... J^^.^*"»Il'.V*Jr!ir".''.'.* ** 10,000 

Do. of organic bases ..........^ Oram 100 

Medicinal biscuits of any kind . Kilog. 1,000 

**Bolasde Nancy" « .....«.....««.«.......«. . «* i,00O 

Borates:— 

Of maganese «. ............ Kilog. 800 

•* silver , Gram 60 

** soda (sub or bi), or tinkal, melted or crystallized ................Kilog. 160 

f " any metal, not otherwise mentioned ** 8,OOo 

*' alkaloids or organic bases.. Gram lOO 

Bromine liydrated Kilog. 20,000 

Bromatesof any description ** 11,000 

Biomoformium or perbromure of formyle.................M»M....M.......... '* 80,000 

Bromides, hydrobromates or bromhydrates:— 

Of ammonia ** 1,500 

•• iron ............... •* 8.000 

" Uthia " HOOO 

" gold Gram 800 

•• potash A Kilog. 2,400 

'• silver.................... Gram 60 

"soda Kilog. 2,400 

'* metals or metalloids, not otherwise mentioned................... ** 6,000 

" alkaloids or organic oases Gram ' 100 

Bmcite and its salts. . " 60 

Chemical re-agents (boxes of), for use in laboratories ..........15 per cent, ad vol. 

Caffeine, theine and their salts. ...........Gram 80 

Cantharides Kilog 4.00O 

Capsules and medicinal confections of any kind......................... ** 2,000 

Carbonates:— 

Of ammonia, concrete, volatile, alkali or sesquicarbonate of 

ammonio " 240 

•• baryta •• 640 

" bismuth '• 4,000 

" cadmium ^ •• 9,600 

•« lead or white lead ........ •* 70 

•• copper ,.... •• 1,200 

'* iron (proto, sub or sesqui)................ . ...................... " 820 

•« lithia •• 10,000 

*< magnesia or white magnesia............ " 820 

Potassium: 



Impure, Dantzic, peailash, or commercial . 
Purified, salt of tartar or vegetable alkali .. 

Bicarbonate of potassium 

Of silver 



*< soda, or barilla or mineral alkali: 

Common, black and raw ............... 

White, refined or purified, in crystals......... 

Bicarbonate of soda 

Of zinc, pure or precipitate. 



Bo. impure, natural, or calamine stone prepared................... ** 240 

Of any metal, not otherwise specified...... m...............^......... ** 2,000 

" alkaloids or organic bases..... — ..................................^Qram 100 

Vegetable charcoal, pure or medicinal, of any kind ................JUiog. 1,000 

Castoreum, in powder or whole ........ ............................... ** 12,000 

Beer, medicinal, of any kind ..................m..... *' 600 

Chloral of any kind ............. ..... " 8,000 

Chlorates:— 

Of potash or soda ..............«^............. *' 820 

'* any metal not otherwise distinguished ............................ " 1,200 

" alkaloids or organic bases. .Gram 100 

ChlOTOform .....Kilog. 2,400 

Chlorodine •• 5,200 

Chloro-lodure of mercury (Boutigny salt) ** 10JOOO 

Ohloride, hydrochlorate, or muriate:— 
Oft *" 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



170 SPAMIBH-ikMBBlOlH UAMUAL. 

ABnCLB8,KIC. BAfnorDoTT 

Chloride, hjdioohlorate, or mnriate:— Bell 
Of smmonla and meronry, or of ammoikiA and lroii« of floiren 

of sal ammoniao ». — ...^..........^ .....Kllof. MM 

'* antimony or butter of antimony, liquid ^.^^.—^—^m.— ^ '* 80O 

Do. do. lolld or concrate ^.^..-^ . " 1,200 

" arsenic -^ ^ ** lO/m 

" baryta „.....«^ -^ . .^^.^ ** 0)D 

" bismuth (sub) ^ ^ ^.^ " 4,M0 

«• cadmium « -. •* ld,O0D 

*' chalk or hypochlorldo of chalk, aolidl^ed or liquid ............ " 60 

" calcium, dissolved or cryitalllaed » «. " 800 

•* cerium " 8^000 

** chromium ».».»..........Oram 20 

•• cobalt 4 Kilog. 10,000 

** tin (proto, bi, or deuto), salts of tin, oxymuriate of tin... ** 600 

•« iron, solid or Uquid «• 800 

•« DcsubUmate ..-. ^ ..• — " 8,^ 

•• iodlum.. » ~ ».......OTam 20 

" Uthia -. KUog. 14,000 

•• magnesia ^ — " 1,000 

<« mercury (proto, bi. or deuto), sweet mercury or white pre- 
cipitate, calomel and corrosive sublimate^ ** 1,€00 

" gold, pure, or of gold and other metals ................Oram 800 

•• palla^um " 60 

** platinum, pure, or of platinum and other metals. '* 100 

'* potash, liquid, or hypochloride of potash, Javelle water......Kilog. 240 

"Slver Oram 00 

** soda or hypochloride of soda {Liebarraque water) Kilog. 210 

'* lodium, common or cooking salt, coarse or impure.... Litre 10 

" Do refined or purified „ Kilog. 00 

" strontium or strontian ** 000 

*• metals or metalloids, not otherwise mentioned " 1,000 

'* alkaloids or organic bases Oram 100 

Obocolate, medicinal, of any kind ...JCilog. 1,000 

Obromates:^ 

Of bismuth .; *• 10,000 

" lead, yellow or chrome yellow. « —. '* 240 

" Do. red or vermilion - ** 450 

•* potash « •' 160 

•» silver - « Oram 60 

** metals, not elsewhere distinguished »..Kilog. 2,000 

*' alkaloids or organic bases Oram 100 

Hedicinal cigars and cigarettes of every kind Kilog. i;000 

Cinchona «Gram 20 

Citrates: — 

Of bismuth and ammonia » ».Kilog. 12,000 

" iron, pure, or of iron and ammonia, or of iron and any other 

metal Kilog. 2,000 

" iron and quinine ...Gram 10 

•« lithia Kilog. 10,000 

•' silver Gram 50 

" metals not otherwise mentioned Kilog. 1,500 

" alkaloids or organic bases Oram 100 

Saponaceous coal tar Kilog. 1,600 

Codeine and its salts ...Gram. 200 

Collodion of every kind Kilog. 2,000 

Preserves, electuaries and medicinal opiates of any kind. Kilog. 1,000 

Creosote ...Kilog. 1^200 

Cyanides, hydrocyanates, cyanhydrates, hydro-feno cyanates, or prus- 

Of iron (Prussian blue) . .....................................Kilog. 600 

" gold «.. Oram 600 

" potash, white Kilog. 2,0)0 

Do. yellow or vermilion " 600 

** silver .« „. .....Oram 80 

*' metals or metalloids, not otherwise mentioned.............»..Kilog. 8,000 

" alkaloids or organic bases ........................Oram 100 

Drtphinite «' 800 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



m 

AxncLBs, ETC. Baiss of Duty 



«^.^... ^..KOof. 

DisinfeeUntB of any kind* not otherwise mentioned^^^...^......... " 850 

Dlgitalinc ^ Onm 350 

Slaterine, pore. ^^...«,.^....^..^^....«, .^......•«^......... <* 800 

Blaterinm .««. •' 150 

Elixirs or medicinal liqoon of any kind ^^.....^.^....^.Kilot. 1,000 

Xmetin: — 

Pore »...^..».....^...^.^^.^..^.»..^....^...A.......Gram 600 

Impore or of Codez.^^.^ ...^.^^.-^......^^....^.....^......^..^ ** 100 

Ointments* — 

In paste or in magdaleons, of cantharides, or vesicatories,.. Kflog. 4»000 

Do. not otherwise mentioned «^......... .......... ** 2,000 

Spread (plasters) or cerecloths, vesicatories of any kind........». " 4,000 

Do. waxed, oiled, or pharmaceutical tafllstas......^... ............. '< 8,000 

Do. adhesiye, and those not otherwise mentioned..................... *' 2,500 

Brgotine ^.^ . « 14,000 

Bechio plants (the Swiss), etc — ^ •* 1,000 

Medicinal spirits andslcohols of any kind, not otherwise specified " 1«000 



Calcined .. " 1,600 

FreiMued or compressed ., ** 14,000 



Ether: 

Sulphoric, Titriollc " 600 

yot otherwise mentioned « ......■.>.......»......... ** 1«000 

Sstracts:— 

Of Spanish or Asiatic safflron.....................^.............................. " 86,<H)0 

" liqoorice,dryorsoft. ............. " 650 

" Calabar beans *« 80,000 

•« ipecacnanha .... .„.. .«.. — «* 26,000 

" opium ......^ " 20/m 

Not otherwise mentioned " 5,000 

Iron and steel: ~ 

Pure or pulverlaed.....^ .«....„ *• 000 

Iron reduced by hydrogen or by electricity.....................^......... ** 8,000 

FiBorides, fluates, and hydrofluates:— 

Of calcium or fluate of ]ime.......................................M.......M....« " 160 

Not otherwise mentioned .......................m..... ........... " 4,800 

Flnosilicates of any description « ^ •• 4,000 

Formiates:— 

Metallic, of any kind... ..„.....«. *• 4,000 

Of alkaloids ^.............................................-.....-Gram 100 

Medicinal jellies of any description............. ».. ..............^......Kilofl^ 1,000 

Medicinal gin of every kind « «.. •* 1,000 

Homoeopatbio globules, prepared or not, of any kind............. *' 2,000 

Gluten or vegetable fibrine ». .» " 1,000 

Glycerine " « ~.......... '* 500 

Glyceroles, glycerades, and elycerates " 2,500 

Medicinal drops of any kina. „ « " 1,800 

Goaranine .Gram 240 

Helicine Kilog. 8,000 

Hydrate of sulphur, milk of sulphur, or magisteriom of sulphur... •• 800 

MediciDal injections of any kind....^............ ** 1,000 

lodatefl:— 

MetaUJc. of any kind .«. ** 16,000 

Of alkaloids or organic bases... '......Gram 100 

lodo Kilog. 20,000 

lodades, hydriodates, and iodhydragy rates :^ 

Of lead _ .« " 6,000 

" iron: 

Pure, or with manganese " 9,600 

Of quinine, or of otber alkaloids ............<»................ ......Gram 100 

•* formyleoriodoform„ ......................Kilog. 24,000 

••lithia •• 16,000 

" mercury: 

Pure -. '* 7,000 

Of morphia or other alkaloids ^ Gram 100 

•• gold......:. ** 500 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



172 ePAXSJBBrAMXBlOAX MAXUAL. 

ABTICLB8, XTC RATMOFDDTT 

lodadM, hydiiodates, and lodhydragyrates:— Beit 

•• silver „ ^ ...« Qnm ^5 

" platlna «. ^ *« 160 

*' Bodium or soda ^ ^......^.. — .^...JCllog. 4,000 

" sine, and of strvchnine, or of other alkaloids ...-^.^^.^Qrain 100 

'* metals or metalloids* not otherwise mentioned. -— .^...Kilog. 12,000 

*' alkaloids or organic iMtfes ^ ^ Gram 100 

IHdlne .'. ^....«...«« ^.............»^..Qram 40 

Kairine .^ — ^ ^ — " 60 

Lactophospbate of lime « Kllog. 8,000 

Lactates:— 

Of lime ^ « ^ " 2,000 

'Mron, pure or combined with other salts.».........^...........»^. '* 2,000 

'* metals, not otherwise distinguished ^.......^.^ „ ** 6,000 

■* alkaloids or organic bases ».... ^.... — Oram 100 

Laudanum (Rousseau or Bydenham).....^^ ^ ...«-»..Kilog. 4,000 

"LeRoy" (purgative) ^ •* 2,000 

Lemonades igaseous), of all kinds ^..»...» ^.» '* 800 

Liniments and fomentations, not otherwise mentioned............^^ ** 2,000 

Lupulin « •• 1,800 

Lycopodium „... " t^ 

Magnesia, fluid (Murray and other descriptions).........^...... m....^... ** 800 

Manganates aDdpermanffanatea of every descriptiuu ** 2,000 

Manna sugar, crystalllsea ..« ** 8,000 

Cocoa butter " 1,000 

Honey:— 

Unprepared, or bees'..................................^ — .. ** 2G0 

Prepared ..............m....... *' 1,000 

Holvbdates of any kind ...................«..^...........». ..Oram 16 

Kaphthalino and napbthol ..m..... Kllog. 8,000 

Karcotine or Derosne Balt.......».»....„.........M.-..............».».Oram 80 

{titrates or azotates:— 

Of ammonia ...............•.....^......•......... ...Kllog, 600 

" baryta ..................^..^ " 200 

'* bismuth (sub) in powder, or in troches........................... " 4,000 

•• lime, pure .. « •• 1,200 

•* cadmium " 10,000 

«* of lead: 

Common or unprepared .....M.MM. ** 20O 

Pure .„«...„. •* 000 

** cerium...... •.. ** 8,000 

•• cobalt, soUd or liquid.,.. •« 8,000 

" copper, crystallized....................... ** LOOO 

•« llthfa M.. ... «• 2o!oS 

** magnesia ....^... '* 1^200 

** mercury: 

Proto or deuto " 7,600 

Soluble Hahnemann mercury ** 6,000 

•• nickel, soUd or Uquid . ....... " 6,000 

" potash: 

Impure, nitre, salts of nitre....................... ** 80 

Pure............................................................ '* 200 

*' silver crvstallized, or smelted ....Oram 80 

*' soda, refined or unrefined «. .»....„. Kllog. 100 

" strontian " 250 

" uranium . •* 16,000 

" metals, not otherwise mentioned....... ** 1^ 

** alkaloids or organic ba6es...........„..............«^..............Oram 100 

Nitritites or azotites of all kinds ...^.....Kilog. 8,200 

Nitrobenzine or essence of Myrbane..... ** l|200 

Nitroprussiates of any kind „.. ** 8,200 

Oleine.pureor common .........................m " 400 

Opodeldoc . .......... . •• S>000 

OouUates:— 

Of bismuth. «• 4,000 

" cerium.......... ................................ •• OjOOO 

" nickel « .............. •• eSoO 



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OOMMBBCB. 173 

ABTICLB8, ETC. • R^IBt OP DlJTT 

OzftltttM:— Rett 

' Of Uthia or lithium — ».^^^Kilog. 20,000 

•• potash, neutral or acid ^..».^^.»^....».».».^. " 850 

•* Bilver - ^.;. 'J 80,000 

" metals, not othei wise mentioned ^.^ ^....... " 2,000 

' ** alkaloids or organic bases »^ Oram 100 

Oacrchlorides:— 

Of bismuth Kilog. 4,000 

'* any other metal , ^....-...«.... ...... •* 2,000 

Ozides:- 

Of barium or baryta (proto or bi) -^ .....m«- " 8,600 

•• bismuth ..- ^ .. ^ *♦ 4,000 

•• cadmium — ..^ «.- " 10,000 

"cerium ** 16,000 

M lead: 

Yellow or massicot and TermUlion, blue and vitreous, litharge 

or gold litharge...............^ «^ «. ..Kilog. 60 

White siccative •* 160 

« cobalt .....^...-^ ...^....-^ ..^ " 12,000 

•• iron: 

Black and red, or colcothar ** 260 

Per) or perox yde of iron, hydrated, gelatinous....... ......m. *' 600 

_ hium orlithia ^,^ •* 16,000 

** magnesia: 

Calcined, common ** 1,000 

Calcined, ** Henry " ».. " <000 

** manganese (per or bi) " 40 

^ mercury (proto, bi, ordeuto), mercurious oxide, mercuric 

Balt..:..J!L Kilog. 2,000 

OKldes:— 

Of nickel ....« «^ — ~«. ^..........^ Kilog. 8,000 

*« gold « — . ... — ..........Oram 600 

•• platinum «^ — ^ ..«.. " 80O 

'* potassium or potash: 

Pure or alcoholio pota8h.....«M.......M....»M...... ...........^Kilog. 8^000 

Impure, caustic potash....... ** 120 

■* flilver .................Gram 60 

** lodiumorBoda: 

Pure or alcoholic loda ......^ ...........................M.......MKllQg. 8^000 

Impure or causti0 80da.............M. ....... — » ................... *' 120 

Liquid „ ^ •• 80 



(1 
•Uthj 



** uranium 



> xinc: 

Impure (white) or ceruse of sine ... ** 70 

Impure dust ^.........^......m. *' 500 

Pure, sublimate, flowers of sine «... ** 800 

•• any metal, not otherwise mentioned ** 80O 

Pancreatine, pure ^ » .........Oram 80 

♦•Papaina" ~ " 00 

Chemical or medicinal papers of any kind »..........Kilog. 2,000 

Pectoral or medicinal lozenges of any kind ...•m.m*^.... ** l.OOO 

Vedlcinal pastilles or tableU of any kind " 1,000 

Pepsine ^ « ~. .^. " 4.000 

Phenates:— 

Of soda (phenol of soda) and other mineral bases .................. ** 2,500 

*' alkaloids or organic bases .................Oram 100 

Medicinal pearls of any kinds ..............Kilog. 8,200 

Phosphates, pyrophosphates and metaphosphates:— 

Of alumina ».......».^ ** 4»000 

•• lime « » « ^ 800 

•• cobalt " 11,000 

•• Iron: 

Simple (proto or deuto) ** 1,600 

Of manganese and of other metals, and (pyro) simple, dtro-am* 

moniacal, and of soda, liquid or solid.... ..................Kilog. 8,000 

Pyrophosphates of iron and of quinine.........».................M..Gram 60 

•• lithium orlithia , Kilog. 16/X)0 

' *• iilYer .g« " 



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174 8PA1II8H*AMEBI0AK KANUAL. 

• AbTICLBS, nc. RATX8 or DUTT 

FlMtphates, pyrophosphates, and inetapho8phates>- Wdi^ 

OtnlckeL. -..— Kllcc. «>«» 

'* soda: 

Phosphate «.. .....~ « « « " 500 

Pyrophospate or xnetaphosphate and of ammonia^^.»^«. ** 1,500 

'* any metal, not otherwise mentioned ^..... ** 2,400 

'* alkaloids or organic bases ^Oram 4$ 

Phosphites and hypophosphites:— 

Of any metal ^ .^Kilog. 6,000 

** alkaloids or organic bases ^ ^...Gram 101 

Fbosphnrets of all kinds. «......».»«...... „ Kilof . 5,000 

MedlciDal pills, balls and grains of overy kind. »... '* 4^800 

Peperinc ....Gram 40 

Podophylin ^ .^.......^...^.m.............»...... ** 15 

gtag-hom, raw, or in powder or calcined KilOf . 600 

Heaicinal powders, compounded:— 

Dover or ipecacuanha .............m ** 5,000 

James or antimonlal powders , ** 4,000 

Of pepsineof aoy kind. '* 20,000 

'* pancreatine, of any kind *♦ 12,000 

Seidlitz, or any kind not otherwise specified ** 2,400 

Pyridine •* 6,000 

Qplnates of any kind " 10,000 

Quinine and quinidme, and salts of the same, not otherwise mos- 

tioned .Gram 50 

tetnlnm of any kind ** 16 

Medicinal soap of any kind Kilog. 1,000 

fiaccharateSfSaocharolessnd saccharides.^ ** 1,800 

Mts:— 

For the manufacture of ice " IM 

Vichy, for bathing and driaking and Carlsbad *< 1,800 

Of any other description " 2,400 

BtUclne Gram 10 

Barsaparilla (Sands, Bristol, Ayer and other fluid extracts) Kilog. 2,000 

Santonine ^ .. " 10,000 

Silicates:— 

Pure, for medicinal use........................^......................^.. ** 1,200 

Impure, for the arts, liquid or solid... ** 80 

StfaraiiBS:-— 

Of any metal............................................................... ** 2,000 

'* alkaloids or organic bases.............^............. ..............Gram 100 

iUfChnine ** 50 

Boccinates of any kind **' 16 

Bolphates and hyposulphates:— 
Of alumina: 

And potash, alum stone, crystalized... Kilog. 60 

Do do calcined........ *♦ 600 

And of ammonia and other bases " 400 

•• ammonia " 400 

'* baryta, common, heavy spar or Bologne stone, and artificial or 

precipitate - Kilog. 660 

" cadmium *' 7,000 

*' limo or plaster, pure or precipitate '* £00 

" cerium " 6,00© 

••lead " 500 

•• cobait " 7,000 

•* copper: 

Pure, blue vitrei or blue copperas " 60 

Of ammonia or ammoniacal •• 1,600 

••iron: 

Impure, green vitrol or common green copperas..... ........ " 10 

Puro salts of iron «• 100 

•• ammonia or other bases •• 850 

••lithia •« 10,000 

•• magnesia, Epsom salts •* 40 

•• potash, neutral, Duobus baits, polychrest salts, and acid or bl- 

aolphate of potash Kilog. 800 

•••Uver,. — *• 40,000 



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CCUIMBaCK. 17& 

. . AsncLn, STC. Batbs of Duty 

Mphfttes, and hyposnlphates: 

0^ quinine, neutral or Beid..«................^...o.....M..«»....^..........EUof. ] 

Neutral or Glauber 8alts...»................»^^.........^... ^. '* 40 

^ Acid or bisulphato of boda „, »........»• '* 800 

** strontian: 

Natural or in the lump.....,^^.....^.......^.......^.............^.^.... ** M 

Artificial or precipitate « » « " 1,00^' 

•• line, white vitrol or white copperas « ^... •• 160' 

" any metal, not otherwise mentioned ^ " 1,600 

^^ '* alkaloids or organic bases „^,.,„^ -^ Gram 100 

WphiteK, bisulphites audiiyposulphites: 

01 soda ^ «^ ....Kilog. 160 

" any metal not otherwise distinguished ^ '* 800 

. . '* alkaloids or organic bases ^. ^.Gram 100 

rojphocyanides of any kind ^„ ,^ .m^,,.,.,^ .^ ...^.^-Kiiog. 2,000 

Sulphides, hydrosulphates and sulphydiates: 
Of antimony: 

Native or crude antimony MM....-M.w.«.............Eilog. 70 

Of sulphur coated with antimony ^......•m......«-~.m '* 1,000 

Hydrated or mioeralkermes *' 2,000 



Vitrified or aatimony glass ^ *• 600 

arsenic, yellow or red. " 250 

' carbon, impure » «• 830 



*• lead, natural, or galena ^ ^.. " 250 

••iron «. " 250 

** copper «. •« 230 

•* mercury, black mineral, and (deuto or bi), yellow or red^.^ ** L200 

"silver ^ '* 80,000 

^, f* any metal or metalloid not otherwise specified " 1,000 

nipositories of any kind.....» » ^,„ ^»^ *' 2,000 

T«Quates:~ 

Of any metal *• 4,600 

** alkaloids or organic bases Gram 100 

puming, pure, ortanuic acid ^ ^^....^.Kilog. 1,600 

Tartrates :~ 

Of bismuth - « " 4,000 

" Iron, pure, and of potash and of ammonia or amoniacal, and of 

manganese (manganesiferous iron) Kilog. 1,800 

" potash: 

Neutral or soluble tartar of potash (vegetable salts) and of emetic 

antimony Kilog. 1,000 

Acld(bi;: 

Pure, or cream of tartar, crystallised or in powder Kilog. 400 

Do. soluble •« 000 

Impure, crude tartar or wine lees •• 70 

♦• silver^ ~ Oram 60 

" soda, neutral or acid, and of potash, Seignette salts ..Kilog. 1,000 

" metals, not otherwise mentioned " 2,000 

'* alkaloids or organic bases^............ .......m^........... — Gram 100 

^irpentinc, distilled Kilog. 800 

nieriac and diascordium ** 1,000 

Alcoholic dyes:— 

Of musk- — " 6,000 

«* ambergris " 6,000 

" saflVon « " 4,000 

"vanilla « " 4,000 

•« haschlch «• 8,000 

" green plants and those not otherwise mentioned '* 1,000 

Note.— Etherat:d dyes or etherolatures Mrill pay 25 per cent, over 
and above the respective duties. 
lAroehes and perfumes :- 

Mentol « „ Kilog. 

Not otherwise mentioned « " ..^-^ 

Tnnsstates of any kind ..Kilog. 6,000 

Medicinal calves, cerates, and pomades of any kind.. *' 1,000 

Urea and its salts Gram 40 



^ 



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176 8PANI6H-AMEB1CAN MANUAL. 

Abticlbb, BTc. BATssoFDirrr 

TalerianateB:— Beit 

Of metal of every klnd..^^^..... KUof . 1(M>09 

•* quinine ^ ^ .^.........^....^......^...Oram » 

** alkaloids or organic bases not otherwise mentloned^..^». ** 100 
Tanadiates of any kind — ^ — ^...». ^^ — -^Kilog. 14,000 

Jaseline, wliito or yellow- « « ^ m^. •• 1»000 
[edlcinal vinegars of every kind .,^,.„»^ ..m»...........^„.- *' 1,000 

ICedlcinal wines:— 

Bitters «. •' 820 

Vermonth „ ^ ^,».t, •* 820 

Not otherwise dlstingnlshed ^ ^. ^,.. ♦• 1,000 

Medicinal sirups of any kind .^ „ „ « ** 700 

Xyline « « " 4,000 

Chemical products, natural or artificial, pharmaceutical preparations . 
and medicaments in general, not otherwise mentioncd...4S]>^ cf nf. ad mJl 
NoT£.— Articles included in this ci^jtegory, if they aro of a nature 
to be imported in the following conditions, viz.:— bruised, 
ecraped, grated, and in powder, will pay, in the first three cases, 
10 per cent., and in the latter case 25 per cent, over and above 
the resi>ective duties. 

xn.— WOOD. 

Code or eork bark .........................^....»».... — ..^KUof. 90 

Wood in blocks:— 
Oak and teak: 
Up to 13 centimetres thick and up to 10 metres long..........M......Metre . 650 

Do. and more than 10 metres long. ..^...<»....... ** LOOO 

Uore than ID and up to 20centimetres thick, up to 10 metres long ** l«800 

Da more than 10 metres long « ** 1,600 

Uore than 20 and up to 43 centimetres tiilck, up to 10 metres long '* 2,100 

Do. more than 10 metres long " 4,000 

Mora than 43 and up to 60 centimetres thick, up to 13 metres long ** 6,800 

Do. more than 10 metres long. '* 7,700 

More than 60 centimetres thick, and up to 10 metres long. „.. ** 11,500. 

Do. more than 13 metres long .......»..•.....•...—«•..... ».. ** 18,500 

Hue, or any wood not otherwise mentioned: 

Up to 10 centimetres thick, and up 10 metres long ...... — .. ...... ** 860 

Do. more than 10 metres long......^.. ** 500 

More than 13 and up to 20 centimetres thick, up to 10 metres long ** 650 

Do. more than 10 metres long .^ ...^....„..« ** 800 

More than 23 and up to 43 centimetres thick, up to lOmetres long *' 1,200 

Do. more than 10 metres long »..- ». ** 2,000 

More than 40 and up to OOcentlmetres thick, up to 10 metres long *' 2,900 

Do. more than 10 metres long.................. ...• ..-. .« ** 4,000 

More than 60 centimetres thick, and up to 10 metres long ............ " 5^ 

Do. more than 10 metres long " 6,800 

Planks, etc. 

Of mahogany, satin-wood, and other carpenters' woods: 

In planks and Joists....^............... ................^.Kilog. 100 

" thin sheetaJ. " 450 

Of oak and teak « «C. Metre 26,000 

" pine or any wood not otherwise mentioned.. - " 9,400 

Note— Pieces of wood dovetailed or prepared for building, and 
other purposes, not being specially classified in the tarilT, are in- 
cluded under article 419. 

Btaves „.. ... ..KOog. 80 

Needles for knitting, etc , " 2,000 

Needlecases •• 2,000 

Cupboards and shelves:— 
Of common wood: 

Up to 1 m 50 long .........Eafth 11,200 

More than Im. 53 long „ .........„....: ............ •• 18,200 

Of fine wood: 

Up to 1 m. 60 long ** 28J00O 

More than Im. 63 long « ....„ «.«.«......, •• 4- — 

Note— Cupboards with shelves will pay an additional dntf of 
20 per cent over and above the respective duties. 



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COMMEBCB. 177 

Abtxclbs, ETa Bates of Duty 

Hoops?— Betf 

' Tor masts or 8ieYes....»»..........» ^^.~...^^^^^^— ^.^^^Doaen • 900 

For barrels or casks..«i..<».»...^.....^....^.»....^^««^^^^^».^^.... •• 1,000 

Baddle-trees ^ . — .^^^.^^^-.^^.^^.^ " 1,000 

Bagatello boards:— 

Of common wood.....^...^^^.. ^.......—.^....-.^...^....^.^^aeh 13,000 

••lino wood ^ ^^ ^ „ «.«.....^.. .. •• 40,000 

KoTE.— Theso duties do not include those on tbe balls and cues. 
Ti^aks and cases:— 
- Of deal, simply planed: 

Kot mounted ^.....». » ,...».......................^KI1off. 80 

* "Itounted, up to 83 centimetres long »......»^......^...».^.......^acA 800 

Do, more than 8D centimetres long »„,.„ •« 1,600 

Of common wood, painted or covered with sailcloth or oilcloth: 

• Up to CO centimetres long «. ^.....^.......«.....„.....^^. «« 2,500 

. From CO up to 80 centimetres long.....^.....»».............^....«^.^. •* 4,800 

' More than 83 centimetres long .»^...— ..^..— ^^.-m, *' 16,000 

Covered with leather of any kind or zinc: 

Up to 69 centimetres long ^...........-«,m.....^» ** 6,000 

From 60 to 8J centimetres long ^. ^^..».....^ ...... *' 8,500 

Uoro than 83 centimetres long ** 15,000 

Of camphor, sandal or any other fino wood: 

Up to CO centimetres long ,...•....„......». *• 6,000 

. -. From 60 to 83 centimetres long ...««... ^.. ............... *• 10.000 

Iforo than 83 centimetres louK . *' 15,000 

KoTB.— Trunks in covers of leather or skin or any tissue of cotton. 
Irool or linen, will pay a surtax of 23 percent 
Benches, stools, etc. :— 

. Small, of any kind, for the feet Each 600 

Reversible or folding with seats, of any kind.......... ** 900 

With seat of common or fino straw, for piano, harp, et<e., of common 

wood Jiach 8,000 

' Do. of fine wood ** 6,000 

.. Of tree branches (rustic)....^^.^...........................^.....^..... ** 1,600 

Trays:— 

. Plain, painted, or varnished, and with or without omairents..Kilog. 1,600 
Chinese, with or without ornaments of motherof-pcarl, otc.... *' 6,800 

Basins and small vases ..».....mm...m.......m...... ....».m4^ per cent ad vaL 

Frames for embroidering:— 

Of common wood ..m.....«m.m...m......... Silog. 800 

*• fine wood " 1,800 

Bungs for barrels and pii>es 200 

Canes:— 
' With head of bono, horn, composition, wood, or common metal, JUrt, 4,000 

With head of ivory, mother-of-pearl and tortoise-shell »....» " 11,500 

With head of gold, silver, or with ornaments of metal, or with pre* 

cious stones.......... ............^ per c^nt ad vat 

Cradles:— 

. Of common wood 2ach 7,500 

" fino wood „ *« 18,000 

Note:— Cradles, which have the sides and head covered w/iifine 
straw, will pay a surtax of 80 per cent on the respective duties. 
Bidets:— 

Of common wood .....................«.................M......................Each 4,800 

' • •• fine wood „ „ •• 8,000 

NotE:— These duties include those on the vases imports! with the 
bidets and which form part of them. 
Bllliaid tables:— 

Of common wood.; ..„ Each 100,000 

" fino wood ^ •« 180,000 

Note:— These duties do not include those on the ImUs, cues and 
other accessories, but simply those on tbe cloth, etc., forming inte- 
gral parts of billiard tables. 
Screens:— 

Covered with cloth or paper ..................Each 16,000 

. Entirely of wood " 60l00O 

Boxes:— 

Of box-wood for snulT, etc ^ .........Kilof. I,a00 

Manual. 12 



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I7S 8PAMI8H-AMSBICAN MANUAL. 

Abticlbs, stc. Ratbs of Anr 

Bogres: ffS^m 

' 01 beach or pine woo4: 

fimall, for sticks of seaUng-waz, for druggists, etc...»...^ ^.Kllof . ij» 

Large, in sets of three or single, painted or not......^.».......»^. *' ' Jp 

Small, for biUiard8,bagateUe, etc... ^....,^ , . — •* ljt» 

Large, for bowling, etc ** <2^ 

Bnttons « « ... — --. .«.. — *' fitt 

Backs:- ^ 

Large, for clothes, etc., of common wood....»^............ — ............Each ^0l» 

Do. o/flne wood .»^ ..^ ^^^%Q0» 

Small, for towels, for hanging or for attaching to walls, of common 

wood «....,«. Kilos. a| 

Do.offinewood..................M....<»...............«M............«....... ** MH 

Handles and heads:— 

For canes, umbrellas, small instnunents and tooU.....» " 600 

For pens and for crochet* ng *' $. 

** any other nse ....................48 per c6nt.,flgLi«iaI. 

Note:— Handles for umbrellas, furnished with heads of ivor^ 
mother-of-pearl, or tortoise-shell, pay a surtax of fiO per cent oa tlw 
Tespective duties. 

Chairs:— 

' Of common wood: 

With seat of wood, of bent wood, with arms...................... .Karlh $M 

Do. do. without arms ..................... " tiSOO 

Da of turned wood, with arms..................,.....^............. — ......... *' ^000 



Dp. do. without arms..... *| JflO 

Do. without arms..I ..««........« *• SOOD 



With seat of straw, with arms.. 



Rocking, folding, or extending, with arms " i^20O 

Do. withoutarma ..;. •* 2|800 

For children .....^.^ •* IM» 

Of fine wood: 

With seat of straw, with arms..................... •' 

Do. without arms .........m^............ ** _. 

Rocking, folding, or extending, with anns...»..» .» *^ tl^ 

Do. without arms «... " 

For children ♦• 

Garden, folding ** 

Do. of tree branches, with or without bark " ^w 

^ot otherwise i>rovided for: 

Of common wood 48 per cent. a4, <IM^ 

" fine wood „....„ ....60 per cunt. o^. miL 

Note:— Chairs with the sides of fine straw, will pay a surtax of SO 
per cent, over the respective duties. 
Bods:— 

Of common wood: 

Single (not exceeding 1 m. 10 inch in width) ..^...............JSacli UfiU^ 

Double. ^ 7^^80,000 

Forchildren " 7,000 

Of fine wood: 

Single « ^ •* 

Double «• ^ . 

Forchildren " 18,000 

Note:— Those which have the foot, sides, or head with fine straw, 
will pay a surtax of 80 per cent over the respective duties. 
Hats of esparto:^ 

With ornaments Each 600 

Without ornaments „.. *« l,20O 

Spoons, knives, forks, etc. :— 

Of box, or of common wood of any kind .«. Kilog. 2,800 

•« ebony or any other fine wood " 0,00^ 

Phests of drawers:- 

Of common wood: 

Up to three drawers ....Each 

More than three drawers *' I_, 

With paper-holders or desks " 20,000 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ABTIOLBS, BTC. RATS8 OP JHJTT 



Mp to 8'J centimetrei long......».....»..^.......^ « Bach 5,609 

*- ^)lm.601ong.........»^...........^.....«^ «„ ^.^ „,. *• 10,000 



OMOd of drawers: 
Olfine wood: 

fOp to three drawert...^.....^ » Bach 2LO0O 

Vore than three drawen.^...^......^.... « „„ »• &^O0O 

With paper-holders or desks^ «.« „ *♦ 64^000^ 

VoTB.— Tables of marble or any other material, and minors which 
form part of chests of drawers, and are imported at the same time, 
_ will pay dnty separately, according to quali^. 
BMekets>- 
woommon wood: 

gs! :, „ .._ __ _..„ 

More than 1 m. 60 long-^..^^^^..^^ .«...^............. ** 24,000 

^ -line wood: 

Up toSOcentin^tttres long ^ « ** 16,000 

Up to 1 m. 60 long. ^ •« 26,000 

More than 1 m. 60 long ^ « •' 44,000 

NoTB.^Tables of marble or any other material, and mirrors which 
foim i>art8 cf brackets, pay duties separately. 
"Dtmkerques" pay a surtax of IB per cent on the respective dntiee. 

Ooik, manufactured in stoppers, etc...^ Kilog. 180 

Ca&opies for beds:— 

Of common wood..............„ » „ Bach 6,000 

•• fine wood ^ ^.^ . " 10,000 

llool-Jacks », . " 800 

flukes for shoes, hats,etc..» «» Kilog. 800 

Oi«ft-stands:~ 

Of common wood, painted or varnished.......... ** 2MIO 

'•toewood „ *« 6/)00 

Note.— Bottles and other articles which accompany cruet-stands 
. wiH pay duty separately. 

Flatters, cupels, and tubes of any kiud Kilog. 900 

Knee-stools:— 

<)f common wood.... ^ Bach 8,600 

•• flnewood......^...... ,^ „..., ^ *• 1^000 

Wtedrobes:— 

Of common wood « " 80,000 

•• fine wood •* 60,000 

HOTB.— Wardrobes with more than one compartment will pay a 
««rtaz of 60 per cent, for each compartment in excess, and if they are 
provided with glass, they will pay duty separately. 

Eiags, knobs, etc., for curtains, hangings, doors and furniture:— 

riain or varnished Kilog. 900 

CHlded or imitation of gilt « " 1,800 

Waiikstands:— 
Of common wood: 

Round « - ^.Bach 8.000 

Tftble, with or without drawers, up to 80 centimetres lohg. „.. ** 4,000 

Do. more than 80 centimetres long ** 8,000 

With cupboard or compartment " 15,000 

0< Ine wood; 

Bound " 6,600 

Table, with or without draweri, up to 83 centimetres long.......... ■* 12,000 

Do. more than 89 centimetres long ** 22,000 

With cupboard or compartment •• 86,000 

Note- These duties do not includ ) those on parts and accessories 
of faience, porcelain, glass or crystal, or any othermaterlol belonging 
to the washstands, but solely those on the marbles which form part 
at them and which accompany them. Washstands with mouldings 
and those with frames and mirrors pay a surtax of 20 per cent, on the 
respective duties. 

Vlans:— 
* Of common wood, plain or varnished, gilded or silvered, plain or 

opeuworked Each 800* 

Of sandal wood, Chinese, etc » ** 2,600 

TM>les:- 
Of common wood: 
OSBtie tables «.......«. *• 1,010 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



180^ BPAMISH-AMnUOABI MANUAL. 

Abticlis, stc. Ratbs of Dutt 

Mtfes: Eelr 

T«a, woridnfft writing, playing, etc »^ ^ Each ^,000 

Small, with leg In the centre « «...*....«...... «• i,80O 

Da of any kind, not otherwise mentioned „^ « 8.100 

Dining, up to C metres long ** 1S,000 

Do. more than 6 metres long.........»...... ** 85,000 

Of fine wood: 

Centre tables « *• aS.OOQ 

Tea, working, writing, playing, etc.... .....,„ — ..... *• 14,00) 

SmaU, with leg in the centre « , ** 8,000 

Do. of any kind, not otherwise mentioned '* 9,000 

, Dining, up to 6 metres long '* 86,000 

Do. more than 6 metres long " 60,000 

Of tree branches, with bark, etc ** 2,8ttl 

Note.— These duties do not include those on the marbles or other 
articles which accompany the tables and form part of them. Coffbe 
tables, more then one metre long, arc considered as centre tables. 

Pulleys, pulley blocks, etc « «. Kilog, 250 

Mouldings, mounted or not, including flowers, threads and cords:— 

Plain, or with plaster Kilog. 500 

Painted, varnished or gilded . «• LOOO 

Tooth-picks «• 609 

Pedestals or stands for busts, music stands and flower stands :— 

Plain, painted or varnished i ♦* 900 

Gilded, or imitation of gilt *« 1,800 

Combs of any description " 2,800 

Printers' forms ^ « « F^ree 

Bracelets or other ornaments of sandal or similar wood, plain or with in- 
crustation of any other material Kilog. 10,000 

Rulers „.. — ..... ......... *« 2,400 

Oars _ Metre 160 

*'" ht commodes:— 
f common wood: 

Plain or with back «...................„^..... Each 4,000 

Of fine wood: 

Plain or with back « .................... . •« 9,000 

Writingtables:— 
Of common wood : 

Small, for women, plain or with shelf ..................................M^aeh 18,000 

Large, for men ** 25,0C0 

Do for oflflce ** 86,000 

Of fine wood: 

Small, for women, plain or with shelf «... ......««.«....««^ " 25,000 

Large, for men................ " 64,000 

Do for office „. " 90,000 



Nightc 
Of CO 



Of common wood: 
Small, with or without back, causeuses, long chairs, eto.^.......... '* 12,500 

Large, with or without backs (divans) .«.....«.. •* 18,000 

Of fine wood: 
Small, with or without back, causeuses, long chairs, etc............. *• 24,000 

Large, with or without backs (divans) ** 86,000 

Sofa-beds or bed-sofas, of common wood «. " 12,500 

Of tree branches, with bark, etc., forgardens „. *• 2^800 

Note.— The duties on sofas without backs (divans) are applicable to 
those sofas of which the padding and springs are covered with canvas 
or some other common tissue; if they are imported with the latter 
trimmed, they will pay the same duties, and also those specified in 
tho second paragraph of the note attached to this category. In the 
duties are included those on the bolsters, which form part of the sofas, 
and aro imported at the same tinie. Small sofas are those which do 
not exceed l m. 85 in length. 

Billiard and bagatelle cues « „ Each 600 

Strips of wood, plain or colored, for blinds Kilog. 800 

TAps, of any kind ** 820 

Bhoe-horns. of wood „ " 180 

ToUet tables:— 

Of common wood, with or without drawers Each 18,000 



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COMMBBCB. 181 

Abticlks, btc. Ratkb op duty 

Mletnbles: Belt 

Of fine wood »» .....EBch 26,000 

KoTE.— These duties do not include those on the marble and mlrron 
which fonn part of the tables. 

mndow blinds, with or without pulleys, etc...^.....««.........» .Each 8,000 

V«nel8 for liquor, etc. :— 

Measures of anv kind not otherwise mentioned, dry or liquid... Kilog. 80O 
Buckets, baskets, and vats, with or without hoops of iron or 

copper « '.» " 200 

Barrels, large and small: 

Entire, empty and fini8hed;.....»........ Each 800 

Old or unmounted .......-«». ........^......... J£ilog. 80 

Pipes, tuns and half pipes: 

Entile, empty and finished Each 2,000 

Old or unmounted Kllog. 80 

Tehetian blinds, for windows or doors^ with pulleys and other ac- 
cessories •• 6,600 

Manufactures not otherwise mentioned:— 
Turned: 

Of wood of any kind .^....«^ " 6.000 

** wood pulp, moulded .........»....^......^......^ *' 2,000 

Vnmiture: 

: Of common wood — 48 per cent ad vaL 

•♦ fine wood « .60 per cent ad vaL 

Parts for the construction of houses, or for any other pur- 
pose of construction » 20 per cent, ad «al 

▲u other « - 48 per cent ad vaL 

Note.— The duties on chairs, tables, sofas, and other furniture or 
articles for domestic use do not apply to articles plain or with mould- 
ings: those which are gilt or which are ornamented with sculpture or 
incrustations of wood, mother-of-pearl, ivory, orcommon metal, will 
pay, in the first case, double, or in the other case, 90 per cent over 
and above the respective duties, unless the incrustation or sculpture 
is insignificant 

Articles included in this category which are trimmed or lined with 
tissues of silk will pay 60 per cent more; of tissues of wool or hair, 40 
percent more; of morocco or any other skin, 80 per cent.; of tissues 
of linen or cotton, 20 per cent : and those which areimitorted in order 
to be trimmed will enjoy an abatement of 83 per cent 

Tho following are considered as common wood: Pine, beech, ash 
and cherry; and the following as fine wood: pear, yellow-wood, nut- 
wood, oak, sycamore, mahogany, maple, satin-wood, rosewood, etc; 
ttrticleslined with the above-mentioned woods, covered with ooat^ 
ingt of paste, plain or with frieze or gilt thread, as well as those of 
Chinese varnish or of wood varnished. 

Parts, detached and separate, made up and adjusted, polished or 
finished, which do not at the time of declaration, form tho com- 

Blete object to which they belong, will pay 800 reis. per kilogram, 
' they are of fine wood, and 400 reis. if they are of common 
wood. 

Xni.— CANE, BAMBOO, BUSHES, OSIEB, BTC. 

Cane:— 

Indian and bamboo -^^Kilos. 200 

Of any other kind........ « „ «. •* lOO 

Boshes:— 

Raw - •' 200 

Dried in straw, drawn or prepared in any other manner " 80O 

Ofler, unprepared or in bundles ». ** 80 

Walking-sticks:- 

WlUi head of bone, horn , composition , wood or common metal Doz. 4,000 

Do. of ivory, mother-of-pearl, or tortoise-shell " 11,500 

Da of gold or silver, or with precious stones 48p cadralL 

Cradles Each 8,000 

Btlcka for parasols KUog. 500 

Note— Sticks with handles of ivory, mother-of-pearl, or tortoise- 
shell pay a surtax of 50 per cent. 



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162 BPAMISH-AMlUaOAll MANUAL. 

ABTI0LB8, ira Ratu or Dow 

Wlthoat 9itM .^.....^.....^^.^.....^.,.....^...^... T:adt -IfOM 

With annt « . •* 4,0)0 

For children . «^ ^ « — .^.^^ " ^M 

Rocking, and thofo not otherwise mentioned.....^........^......^ ** wfij$ 

Cars and carria«:e8 Sot chiidren, with or without wheels:— 

Plain «. — ^ " t.OH> 

Lined or upholstered m....... .^^...^^......^.....^ ** 1,5(9 



Baskets, hampers.jpanniers, etc.:— 
For sewing andf other purposes, with 



or withoutaeeetiories: 

Plain ^KOof. %9» 

Embroidered, ornamented, or lined with silk ^^^...,»„.,„^ " 4*800 

Large, for lioen, bottles, etc ^ ..........^^............^ ** 150 

Common, for earthworks, etc -^ -^..........^ ** 80 

Paper, market, bread, etc ^^.....^ ». ^.....^ *' MHO 

With accessories for travelling, etc:— 

Of glow, bone, horn, wood, Ac « ..„. •' 1,1^0 

Of mother-of-pearl, ivory, silver-plated metal, eto.................^ ** tjfilO 

Hats:— 

Plain ^ M ^ ^ .»»JCaeh 700 

Trimmed « ^ " 1,200 

Washstauds ................ " £;000 

Tables « •* ^MOO 

Pedestals and flower stands ^ ....„ ..^Kilof . 2^ 

Bofas « «.. -. Each l^BOO 

sticks:— 

For stays..... .».....»« ....KilOK. fltjOOO 

For other uses « ». — . •* aW 

Articles made up not otherwise mentioned „48 p otHhnk 

XIV.-STBAW, ESPARTO, AGAVE, PLAS8AVA, AND OTHER 
VEQETABLB SUBSTANCES. 

Rawprepared and worked up in any manner, painted or dressed :— 

ForclKarettes, loose, or in bundles or small books........ ...... ..KHof . %W^ 

For other purposes......^ ». .^ '* 20 

In threads: — 

Plain « " 160 

Twisted or sewing, of every description, in clews or bobbins..^ ** i,000 

Chilian or any oJier kind of straw, for hats, mats, and »im»^y 

tissues •» 660 

Paina, (kind of cotton) of any description ** S50 

Vegetable hair and any similar 0bre for stuffing mattresses and 

cushions . *• 00 

Fans and fire screens .Dos. 900 

Wisps of esparto, etc „ Kilog. 200 

Bonnets, with or without ornaments ...........Each 600 

Brushes or gloves for cleaning animals ....Dos. 1,000 

Bridles:- 

Plain ..JBaCh 1,000 

With ornaments of common metal " 1^200 

For prisons (halters) -. — „ ... " 600 

Note— Bridles without harness, and harness without bri- 
dles, only pay half the duties. 

Matting:- *^ 

Of esparto, etc ..«.. ....Eilof. 100 

Of cacao fibre:— 

Plain •« 250 

Embroidered or trimmed with wool, linen or cotton „ •* 600 

Baskets, small, of straw „„ .Each 600 

Baskets, panniers, hampers, etc. :— 

fiewing and other kinds, with or without accessories, plain. ....Kilog. 2,00 

Do. embroidered, omameuted, or lined with silk „... '* €,800 

Large, for linen, bottles, etc •• 850 

Common, for earth-works, etc ,^ •• 30 

Market baskets, etc «• 1,000 

With accessories for travelling, etc.— 

Of glass, bone, horn. wood, etc •* 1,400 

Of mother-of-pearl, ivory, metal, silver-plated, etc.......»» ** 2,000 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



GomoBCB. av 

ABTic]jw,asc. BaissofDutt 

Of ChiliaD, Perayian, or Manila straw......................^..^^.^.^ JCach 2,400 

^f Italian and similar straw, without omaments...«.......MM...... *' 1,000 

^f rice, oat, palm and similar straws, without ornaments^...... ** 700 

>0f all other kinds, with ornaments » m.......^«m.....48 p c od vaL 

Ripipers or sandals of straw , »..Pair 70^ 

Mattresses, bolsters, etc., with covers of any tissue ,......» Kilog. 900 

^Qi^ages of any kind:— 

In pieces or cut ^ .' ......„« ** 220 

Made up. — ^ ^.. .......... " 250 

Cords and plaits:— 

Thick •* 2400 

For ornamenting hats, plain or with glass beads '* 8,000 

ks of straw ..-Each IJOOO 

_ hes of straw or vegetable fibre :— 

For clothes,^hats. or hair - «». Dos. 4,000 

For animals, with or without handles » ** 1,000 

^ther « " 1,200 

Hand brushes •• 6,200 

Vats:— 

Of Angola straw »... Kilog. 100 

IntiUan, for beds, etc.. ..« " l,fi00 

"Do, for covering floors....^ ** MO 

Artificial flowers, single or in wreathis, and other ornaments Oram 40 

|7ct8 of any kind, for nammocks, fishing, or covering auimals Kilog. 2,000 

CacAsof gunny (Indian fibre), or any other material or tissue " 400 

BUndsfor \7lndow ...Each 8,000 

Brooms, with or without handles Dozen 4,000 

A^ articles, not otherwise distinguished 48 per cent, ad vaL 

Note.— Tissues of straw and jute, undistinguished, will pay 
(the same duties as those of cloth, according to quality. 

XV.— COTTON. 

I» O^ grain, not aheUed » „».....-- Kikg. 100 

&|w «- .......— " 240 

^Pifi mass, carded or in sheets, gummed — .... ..... ** 600 

Tarn.- 
fi^gle for weaving or wrapping: 

Raw or white ** 180 

Dyed « ** 20O 

twisted, or wicks for lamps » « " 200 

Twisted or thread of any kind, in bobbins, clews, or skeins 

|or sewing crocheting " 1,000 

Uii^ngs, knittings, etc., for hats « " 600 

Loops, tassels, cdgLngs, etc " 4,000 

Counterpanes «« . — . " 1,COO 

nannels and plushes ....-.«. " 1,000 

Bpm^. tarlatan, grenadine, etc. :— 

deigning 4 kilos, or less for each 100 metres sq — ....... — ' 8,000 

Weighing more than 4 kilos. « " 4,000 

Hjad-dress hoods and flat caps:— 

^^nitted or netted " 6,000 

Not otherwise specified 48 p c ad ikiI 

Velvet, velvetlne and bombazine Kilog. 2,600 

Bonnets and caps.. ». ......Each 600 

Buttons KUog. 1,500 

Ticking, striped, twilled imitating sail-cloth, beaver, rep and sim- 
ilar tissues. " 1,000 

Covers for parasols, piano coverings, and other articles » *,-„ *' 1,800 

Muslin and cambric :— 

Coa^. plain or striped, white or colored for lining..............^........ " 1,300 

stand or machine embroidered :— 

Weighing 4 kilos, or less per 100 metres sq » .^,.„.^, *' 12,000 

Weighing more than 4 kilos « «.......«. ..«. " 6,600 

In patterns, for garments hats, etc '* ]6>000 



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181 8PANI8H*AMIbBIOAM' MANUAL. 

\RTICLB8, Etc. RATBS OF DUTT 

Of any other Idnd, plain, worked, damasked or machine-embroid- Beli 

eredf striped or spotted, white, dyed or printed :^ 

Weighing 4 kilos, or less per 100 metres ^...Kllog. ^,000 

Weighing more than 410108 « " 4,000 

In cnttings for garments, hats, etc « •• ]b,00p 

Shawls, mantles, handkerchiefs, traveling rugs and paUu:— 

Common, coarse, plain, twilled, worked or damasked, white, 
dyed or col'd, of cotton, cloth, batiste, satiuette, muslin, etc. Kilof . 2,006 

01 face ~ « -48 p c cut vaL 

Note.— Shawls, etr, . which are tri mmed with lace more thlm 
3 centimetres long will pay a surtax of 80 per cent - * 

Eats:— 

Plain .Each 

Ornamented •* 

Mote.— The duties on the hats include those on the cardboard 
and wooden boxes in which they are imported. 

Girths Each 600 

Coverlets quilted or trimmed with cotton or any other material ....Kllog. IJDOO 

Bed coverings and blankets, of cotton, or of cotton mixed with 
wool:— 
White, colored or striped, with or without plBsh....................».Kllof. 610 

Worked or damasked, imitation f U8tian» etc., white or colored.Kilog. 1^ 

Boseties for parasols ** 1^200 

Cords and braids of any kind:— 

Imitating straw and used for ornamenting hats, plain or with 

flass ornaments » ** 8,000 
any other quality, including those known as mignardite,^ ** MOO 
Laces for shoes. 

(These pay duty according to material of which composed.) 
Ooxinilhoa (mantles)...................................^......^.....,........................ ** 1,000 

Damask «. ..... .................. " 2,600 

Corsets ...^......................•................^..Each 2,000 

Tnlle:- 
Of lace or net-work: 
Plain, weighing 4 kilos, or less, for each 100 meten aqnare...... ** 10,000 

Do. weighing more than 4 kilos., etc.......................^................ ** 4,000 

Worked or embroidered. — ..................................................... •• 10,000 

Oummedf for hat linings ............................................................ *• 2^500 

Not otherwise rii«HTigniahA<l „ r ..tt............. .......».»..»t^ ** 4^000 

Linings, sewn bands and sides for hats:— 

Gnmmcd or oiled .....JiilliiUlZZ " 1,000 

Fustians, muslins, and satinetts:— 

Plain . " 2,800 

Embroidered " 8,000 

Galloons, greequea, fringes, ribbons and all kinds of trimming....... ** 4i000 

Nankeen:— 

Red and yellow ......... «. «. ..................... •• 2,006 

Not otherwise mentioned (pay duty as ginghams)..^.................. — 

Cravats, plain or embroidered J)o«en 1,000 

Holland, raw, bleached or colored ............Kilog. .1,000 

Counterpanes, pillow -oases, towels and serviettes:- 

Embroidered with lacework ..»..«.48 p eadvaL 

Plain ^duties according to the tissues of which eomposed) .. — 

Sailcloth Kilog. 600 

Gloves:— 

Thick, for children . ............ — ...^...J)osen pair 1,200 

Of any other quality........ «. •* 8,000 

Hose „..^^ Kllof 600 

Horse rugs:— 

Of thick cloth (jerga) pay duty as ieiyas...............-...............^.^ — . 

Of any other tissue „ «............Each 800 

Mantlets, chemisettes and other wearing apparel, of lace or other 

tissue 48 poadtaL 

Stockings:— 
Of Scotch thread: 

Short, np to 20 centimetres long in the foot... Dozen pair 2,000 

Do. more than 20 centimetres long» ^ ** -4,000 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMBBCK. 185 

-- Abticlbs, bto. Ratbb of Dutt 

0UK^dDgi:— Beit 

Loiig,apto20ceDtimetre8loiiffin the .foot^......................l>osen pair 4,00» 

Do. more tban 2a centimetres long^ ^.......»m •* 8,000 

Hot otherwise described : 

f , £hott^Bpto20ceDtiiiietre8]oiiginthefoot».,..^...»»........ ** 000 

. Do. more than 20 centimetres long. .^.».»^»....^... ** 1,100 

*LoDflr, up to 20 centimetres long in the foot.......^..^.....^. *' i;iOO 

Bo. more than 20 centimetre! long « ^...-.^....^«.^. .-. " 21200 

MUiH <kind of cotton cloth) :— ^^ 

/ White ^..... ^......^.....^ .^.....^.....^^.....^....^.Kilog. l.OOO 

.- Thick, glossy, dyed, or printed, for linings M.....^......^...».....M ** 1,000 

Kototherwisetnentioned ».«........m..............».... <* 2,000 

Harins, madapolam, Brittany and Irish cloth:— 

f White... «^^.-^ -^....^ ^ -^ •• 1,000 

• Dyed or stamped: 

Dressed as cambric imitating muslin, known as batiate, ........^ - 2,500 

Not otherwise mentioned.......^......M».^......«^.......^...».........^ ** 2fiOO 

on cloth« .,^.....^.^^^.„^^^.....^,. ;.. .....^.„ •• 9(» 

Yine calico:— 

Common, white, dyed or colored, for lining. Tarnished, tiana- 

parent, for plans and charts...-^—.—.^...-^......^......^.......^ ** 1,000 

Kot otherwise distingnished: 

Plain white ^^^ — ««...^ — .........«....^...... '• 1,000 

f -Plain, dyed or stamped ..^................•.m.....»^......m......^ " 2^ 

( "Worked, damasked, striped or sqiiared....MM«....-M-...^....»...^... . *' 2fiOl^ 

Cotton tissues:— 

Unbleached, plain or twilled *.....«. . .^«. •• 680 

r : Bleached or dyed, plain or twilled......^............^.......M...^..^. ** 1,000 

worked or damasked, for towels......^......^„.........».........-....M *' 1,600 

Flushed, for towels and counterpanes...^^................................ " 1,000 

Striped, for travelling nigs...-«^....^......M..-.......................»... " 1,600 

{Table cloths:— 

Embroidered ............48 pc ad vol. 

Not otherwise mentioned........................................ .............Kilog. 2,000 

BOiiens, white or dyed " 1,000 

Netting of eyery description ^.........^.m. '* 2,000 

Laces of cotton, or of cotton mixed with wool or linen :— 

f In cuttings for garments, veils and other articles ............48 p c od vctL 

Not otherwise distingalshed................^ ...........................Kilog. 10,000 

Qini^ams:— 

Having up to 12 threads in a aquaie of 5 wIlHmirties...............^ ** 1^000 

Having more than 12 threads.....................^............................... " 2,000 

Worked, damasked, striped or in 8quare8................»................ ** 2,500 

Wearing apparel, made up:— 

{ Shirts: 

Knitted .-. — .... — .................. . — Dosen 8,000 

Of any other kind, plain or with plaits........M...........~.~............ " 7,000 

Do. do. with front of linen............ ..^^...^ — . — '* 18,600 

r Pants:— 

Knitted, Including those for bathing........... ............................ " 8,500 

Of any other kind........ ...................... . " 5,800 

' Collars for shirtb .....*........ ................ '* 1,100 

, Fronts for shirts, plain or with plait8.....MM........«.........~...»......... " 8,200 

Cuffli for shirts ...............................................................,..«Doxen pair 1,600 

Kot otherwise mentioned : 

Knitted ................................... Kilog. 8,500 

Lace .«.....«....................»..........48 p o od. vcrf 

Of any other tissue, plain or lined (pay duty according to tissue of 

; which composed)..,.. — 

Bmbroideredor ornamented ......^........................48 p o od vat. 

Note.— CuA and collars which aro imported with shirts without 
enflTs and collars will pay duty separately. 



Carpet or travelling .......................................^...............Each 1,600 

' Not otherwise mentioned ..................Kilog. 400 

taiUl shoes or half -boots, without sole, for children, plain and trimmed 

or embroidered ...................*...........Pair 160 

fM^panden, bands and garters, plain or embroideied...... .....u.«......Kllog. 4,200 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



186 SPAMIBO-IMSBIQAV ICAHUAL. 

ABTICUt»BVtoL BaTBSOF 

Coone tapestry cmnTM....~».~...<..«^......^^^..^......^~^~~~^Eilef. 1^600 

Knittedwares -..^ •« 2fi» 

Fancy wares not otherwise mentioned:— 

Weighing 10 kilograms or less in the aqvate of ISO metfM.^^K3log; 6,000 
Weighing moro than 10 kilos. . ^...^^..^ *« t,00O 

Mils and insertions:— 
Loom, hand or machine embroidered: _ _, 

With thread, imitating lace.......^ •* iMM 

Batiste or cambric^. «.. — ..»^...»....^.....«.«»»......^....»...^. '* S[),000 

Fustian or muslin » ^.........^......^.........•,.^.......^......^ " (»000 

Printed, or simply with folds or gatherings of the same tissue: 
Of batiste, tuUe, or cambric, with or without laee, known as 

f>(i$8i3 - ^ Kilog. lOjOOO 
morin, fustian, or muslin, known as fiUaUi.,^^,...^^^.,..,,^ ** 1,^00 

Wicksior lamps, plain or tapers ^.......^.....-.^......^ — .. ** 800 

Window-blinds, with or without rollers......^.. .....^......^^». »..Each 2JM 

Bags, selvage and cuttings — ..........^.............Kllog; m 

Embroidered................^....... ^4S p eaSftoL 

Not otherwise mentioned <pay duty according to material of which 

composed) « ~............ ^ 

Ckiuses, worked with wire, vidrilhos (tissue with glass spangles) and 

other slmi lar tissues, interwoyen with imitation gold or 8iiyer...Kilog. S,GOO 
Borse rugs, with or wittMmt mixture of wool or linen...................^ " 860 

XVL-WOOL. 

Raw, carded, dyed, or prepared...»................».....»...............«M......Kiloc. 110 

In powder.......................................^.......^....^......^....^................... ** 100 

Yam:— 

For weaTing or warping, of wodk or of wool and eotton: 

Raw Of white............... ...^.......KUoi^ MO 

Dyed •• 280 

With mixture of silk 

For small wares 

Soft, for embroidering...... 

Folt:- 

For pianos etc.....^................... ** 8,400 

For caulking ships, etc......». ** 1,000 

Of any other kind, plain or printed ». ^ l^OOl 

Olmps, tufts, tassels, cord, and similar articles of wool, or of wool 
mixed with cotton or linen ..» 

Bmbroldered coTeriogs and carpets:— 

Striped, thick, for staircases, of wool, or of wool mixed with 

other materials......... 

Velveted 



1,000 



With long pile, thick, with foundation of hemp or tow............ ** 1,000 

Short pllo, thin, with thick foundation of tissue of cloth, 

cotton, or hemp « « ...... — . .. •• 2,000 

Do. do. without the above mentioned tissue.............. «»• ** t^ 

Not otherwise mentioned: 
With reverse side of a thick tissue of cotton, linen or hemp " 1 jOO 
Without the above tissues « .... •« 2,800 

Alpacas, muslin, lille cloth, durants, damask, merino, cashmere, 
and similar tissues not otherwise classified, plain or braided, 
worked or damasked ** 8,600 

Baize — . — . ........................... ..... «• 000 

Light baize and flannel:— 

Plain ............«................«...^.„. «• 2,200 

Worked ............ •« 8,600 

Mllltaryscarfs ............ ................. " 8,600 

Flags «« 8,000 

Barege, grcuadiue, gauze, and other open or transparent fancy 
tissues, not elsewhere specified:— 
Weighiug 10 kilograms or less, per 100 square metre8„».....»...... - MOO 

Weighing more than lOkilograms............^...................*.^......... ** 5^009 

Hoods, caps, and other head-dress:- 

. Knitted or netted, with or without mixtm« of siUL.^.».......... •* BjM 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CQMKSBOB. I8f 

. ^ ^ . ARTICtBB, Bra KatssofDvtt 

, capfl, and other head-dress:— Belt 

Knitted or netted, common, for sailors and wnyinn^w,...,,,, iniog. 2,000 

llototharwiie mentioned...»».......^..^..»^......».^....^.^^..^48pe oil vol 

»:— 

With gallooni of fine gold « . «^...«.^...^.Bach 2,400 

irotspecified......^....^ .....^ ^...-^....».....^^.»....... ** 800 

— Kilog: 



Head-fftalls:— 

Of wool or of wool and cotton ^....».^. .^....-^...^ ...».»... JBaeh 1,800 

With ornament of common metal.....^ .^ „.. ^ " i,600 

Halters. *• 800 

Note.— Harness without bridles and bridles without harness onlj 
nay half the dnties. 

Bllnons with or without mlxtnre of cotton or lineii.» ^.^^..^ilog* 

COferings for parasols and for pianos and other artio]es......M, 

fltiswls. mantels and handkerchiefs:— 

Plain or twilled, worked or damasked , white, dyed or colored *' 5,000 
Of lace or embroidered with lace, or with fringe of 8ilk.^.~»48 p e odvol. 



t^ 



Offelt: 

gain...... .^^.^..^ Each 1,400 

Trimmed.......^...^............*^.........^ ...^ *• 2,400 

Of any other tissue: 

Oiteni&!Soa)Z.^y/^7Sl"^ " 2,100 

Trimmed ... «... « » *• 2,400 

KoTB.— The duties upon the hats include those of the common 
wooden or cardboard boxes iu which those articles are imported. 

Felt caps (low hats), for the mannfacture'Of woollen hats, will pay 
tho same duties as hats of felt, plain, with a reduction of 10 per ceni 
Thia reduction, however, wlU be 53 p. c. if the caps are not worked. 

•rths Each SOIT 

CoTcrlets of wool, or of wool and cotton:— 

Dark, common. — Kilog; 540 

Of any other kind, white or colored...^ « •• i^MO 

Cords, plaits, twists, trimmings, galloons and fringes of wool, or 

mixed with cotton orlinen, with or without glass ornaments '* 4,009 
Bootlaces (pay duty according to the tissue of which composed) 

CMnilhOM (cloaks) of wool, or of wool and cotton „. <• 1,000 

Woollen lastings « *« 2,200 

Flesh brushes, ctc.....«„ « ....Dozen 4,00© 

pane (kind of woollen stuff) » „ „ Kilog. 2,80© 

<h»Tata and bands, plain or embroidered, of all kinds and shapes *' 6,000 

QlOTes, plain or embroidered ...Doz. pairs 8,000 

Horse-rugs:- 

Offelt JSach 1,000 

Of any tissue not otherwise mentioned „ " 1,500. 

ICanlets, chemisetter, and other wearing apparel of lace or any 

othertissue M pc ad vak 

Storings of wool or of wool and cotton:— 
aiiort: 

Up to 20 centimetres long in the foot.........«...„..... Doi. pain LlOO" 

More than 20 centimeteres long ^................m.. *^ 2L20O 

Long: 

Up to 20 centimeters long in the foot « „....„ •• 2,200 

More than 10 centimeters long •• 4^)00 

Knitted wares, not distinguished, plain, or without mixture 

trimming, or lining of silk .........^Kilog. 6,00(^' 

Oilcloths •* 900 

Casimir and cassinet :— 

Single, with or without mixture of silk ..., •• 8,600 

Double do. do „ « '• 1^ 

Note.— The first division includes those tissues weighing per square 
metre 450 grams or loss, if of wool or of wool mixed with any other 
material, and 430 grams or less when the wool and cotton are iu equal 
parts. Tho second division includes those exceeding the weights 
specified above. 



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188 BPAmBK-AMZUGlH MAHUAL. 

AxacLaBtWK, BaxmovDott 

TmM»c1oaii>"' Bell 

NotottienHM]ii«iti<med!!!nZZ!n!IZI^^ Z^m 
lAee, of wool or of wool with mixture of cotton or linen:* 

In cnttinipi. lor garmeDts. veils, etc.......».».......^^>^.^ 48 p c ol vaL 

Kot other w ite mentionea, idain or with glan omamente ,KiIog. 14jO0O 

WeailDf apparel, made np:— 
fihtrui: 

Knitted, thick, for sailora or workmen.....^ ».........«J>osen 8,600 

Do. of any other kind » " 9,600 

Of light baize or flauDcl « .^ " 9,600 

Ponte, knitted or of flannel....^ « — *• 9,600 

Jackets, petticoats and jerseys, thick, of knitted or net-work^ ** g,iX)0 

1 Monrning dress bodies, plain or braided, folded or with bngles^KJIog. 6,000 
Hot otherwise mentioned : 

Of baize or thick cloth, for military and aimilar nie^ »...^. '* 8,000 

Of felt ^ •♦ 6.000 

Of donble cloth or casimlr ^ .^.».^»....^ ** 7,£00 

Of aingle eloth or casimir, of alpaca, merino or any other 

tissue Kilog. 10,000 

Of lace ».....»...^....».^^.4a p o od vol 

Embroidered or ornamented m.m.»... .«.^»...^. " 

Traveling bags -..^^......^...^......^.Bach 1,&00 

•mail ahoes and buskins, without aoles, for children, plain and em- 
broidered or ornamented .^......Pair 250 

Bareaneita and terguUha (ttiick woolen cIothi)......»...... ^.Kilog. MOU 

homs itrips of cloth and insertions, plain or with glaia ornamentation: 

Bmbroidered with cotton, wool or linen ~ .^ — ..Kilog. lOjOOO 

Embroidered with silk •• 16,000 

Blinds, for doors and windows, with or without rollers ...»..» Each 2.400 

Bags, list and cuttings ..».....^.. Kilog; 20 

^UrgoB (thick cloth) of wool, or of wool and cotton ...»m. ......^ " IM 

Note.— Tissues and articles of ramie or CMna gra$§ will pay tha 
duties fixed for tisanei of wool, according to quality. 

XVn-PLAX AND JUTE. 

Baw, dressed, combed, or prepared for spinning, dyed or eolored,wKflog. 10 
Tarn:— Jute: 

Bingle, for weaving or warping, raw... ......................... .............Kilog. 10 

Do. dyed .-.^ *' 20 

Not otherwise distinguished (same duties as hemp yam) 
onp:— 

Single, for weaving or wari^ng, raw or white .....^^.KUog. 810 

Do. dyed ^^ 280 

Twisted, or yam of any kind. In bobbins, clews, or hankfl.for 

tewing, crocheting, knitting, etc Kflng. 1,000 

For shoemakers » ** 280 

Tow •• 10 

Lint, for turgical uses, plain or In sheets........................................ ** 850 

Loops, tufts, tassels, edgings.etc......................^............ »...»..• *' 4,000 

Embroidered coverlets and carpets m......m...»......mm...~............«m ** IJOOO 

Coarse cloth of hemp and other tissues, not distinguished, tow yam for 
bags and packing:— 

Plain, with up to 6 threads in the sqoare of 6 millimeter8.........Kllog. 200 

Do. more than G threads *' 4C0 

TwiUed ..«. .......... •• 850 

Bar^e and similar tissues, not close-woven................................... ** 4,000 

Caps ..............Each 600 

Buttons ..... Kilog. 1,600 

Canvas, Brittany cloth, muslin, cambric, Irish doth, and other tlasuea 
not distinguished:— 
PUln: 

Up to 6 threads in the square of 6 millimetre8...........«».............Kiloi. 400 

More than 6 and up too threads •« 850 

If ore than d and up to 12 threads *< MOO 

More than 12 and up to 15 threads „ « ....... " 2,500 

If ore than 13 and up to 18 threads ^ ..^ '* 8^ 

More thanl8 and up to 21 threads ..«- «. «« 4,900 

More than 21 and up to 24 threads •• 6,200 



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tf9 

Articles, ETC: Rates of Duty 

tfttiTas, BrittMiy cloth, muslin, cambric, Irish cloth, eto. : Eels 

More than 24 thr^s ^....^ .^^..^.KilOff. ejw 

Twilled and Imitating sailcloth. «.«..„.. *• 1,500 

Worked or damasked: 

Suitable for wearing apparel ...» ** 9^600 

Buitab e for towels, etc «. ** 2,100 

BoiMf:!, for towels and counterpanes ** 1,500 

.Gummed or waxed, for binding books „ Kilog. 600 

: lUlters'.^Of linen-cloth or of linen-cloth and cotton, plain...« Each 1,000 

Do. do. with ornaments of common metal ^. « ** 1,200 

Inferior... " 660 

Cordage and braid, with or without mixture of cotton „Eilog. 1,400 

- Govors for umbrellas, for pianos, etc «...«.. „ " 1,800 

fituiwls, mantlcii and handkerchiefs :~ 

Embroidered or with lace »» .48 p eadvoL 

Plain: 

Up to 12 threads in the square of 5 millimetree....*........ ......Ellog. 2300 

From 12 up to 15 threads " 8|40O 

; llbro than 15 and up to 18 threads „ ** 4^200 

More than 18 un:l up to ^l threads .«. ......,..• ** 6,800 

Horo than 21 and up to 24 threads ** 9Mf> 

_ rWorothau£4 threads „ „ •• <L600 

H«taj— FUiln — « ......Each 700 

Trimmed „ ^ . •* 1^00^ 

KoTE. Tho duties on hats include those of the cardboard or 
common wooden boxes in which they are imported. 
Bath slippers: 

With solo of cedilla ..Pate ADO 

Wllh sole of metal or wood <* iOO 

•births ^..BmOk 660 

Cord&ge:— 

Packthread, marline, sail-twine, etc EHog. 420 

Bopes. cables, rigging, etc., pitched or not: 

In pieces or cuttings » ** ^20 

In articles mado up ** 260 

NoTE.—Cordago is only considered as packthread, marline, soil- 
twine, etc., when it is less than 2 millimetres in diameter. 

Loees for shoesCpay duty according to tissue of which composed)... — 

OoxiiHlhos (mantles), of linen, or oi linen and cotton ...;.... .........Kilos. 1,0D0 

Corsets « ..„ Each t,000 

Walloons, fringes, and trimmings Kilog. 4i000 

Cravats, plain or embroidered ..Dozen IJNO 

Bed coTcrings, counterpanes, pillow-cases, towels and serviettes:^ 

Embroidered, or with lace or net work .............w48p emS^fok 

Plain (nay duty according to material of which made)............ — 

^rtcrs and suspenders .........Kllog. 4,200 

tfleilcloth .«... " 600 

Gloves .......^...................Docpr. 8,600 

Ilempen hose ».. .^...Kilog. 600 

Uorsorugs:— 

Oi* xerga tissue (pay duties as xerga) — 

Of any other description of cloth « »......Eaeh 1,200 

Moutlcts, chemisettes, and other wearing apparel, of lace or of other 

tissues ....................^pootfealL 

Stockings: 
Of worsted: 

Short, up to 29 centimetres long in the foot............>«............Doi. pair 2,000 

Do. more than 23 centimetres long •• 4,000 

Long, up to 20 centimetres long in the foot ...................... ** 4,000 

Do moro than 2) centimetres long r.............MM.M.......M. ** tJOOO 

•Kot otherwise distinguished: 

Short, up to 2J centimetres long in the fnnt.,. .,,„..„..,„.,„„„„ «• 600 

Da more than 23 centimetres long " LlOO 

Long, up to 20 centimetres long in tho foot....»M...............M.. ** 1,100 

Do. moro than 2J centimetres long........ « ** ^^200 

Oilcloth:— 

For fnmishiag — ............ — glMf. 880 

Of any other descripaou.».....«^..........» *• 900 

UttBSoioay quality........ » «* 



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190 BTAXdBBr^MEBJOAM MAMUAL. 

Abticlis, rro. Rates of Dorr 

LftMd linen thread, or of thread mixed with cotton or wool>- B«!i 

In enttingi for wearing apparei etc «.....<^....«^..»^ 48 p o ad vol. 

Not otherwise dUtingaJshed..^..,. .....^.......^^....^Kilog 22,000 

W taring apparel made up:^ 
Shirts: 
Of aT^lagem or eregMXa (thick cloth8)....iM— — ^.........-^ •m»...... J>osen e.600 

Ofany quality plain or with plaits ^^ ^ " 20,000 

Panto..!: ,Z ^ ^ " 12,000 

linen colors ......^ " SffOO 

Fronto, plain or ^tu folds...» ^ " 0,400 

Cufb........»........».~....^^M.«-^... .^M..M»^.o.*^....^.......M.J)osenpair 8,100 

Kol otherwise mentioned: 

01 lace ^.^.»».»......^ «. «..48 p c od VOL 

01 any other material Kllog. 4,&00 

Smhroldered or trimmed 48poadvaX. 

KoTX.— Collars and cufft imported vrith shirts without collars and 
without ouflto pay duty separately. 



TraT^lliug ^ ..........^....... ^......»..Each 1,600 

Common, of hempen tissues, etc Kilog. 8u0 

_ jnds and Insertions, printed, or simply with plaito, plain or damasked, 

hand or maeliine embroidered Kilog. 10^000 

Blinds for doors and Mriudows, vrith or without rollers ^ ^..Each 8,4n> 

Rags, list and cuttings Kilog. 20 

XtrgoM of hemp, or of hemp and cotton................^^..... ............... ** ftjO 

XVni.-SILK 

IHeoeoons ^ ^« .- •....« " 400 

Raw .^ *• 1,800 

Yam:— Raw, white or dyed for weaving „ ^. *« 2^000 

noss, for embroidering and twisting (silk twist) : 

Inhanks •• 0,800 

In bobbins ^^ « " 2,000 

Loops, tufto, tassels, edgings, etc:— 

Of silk, or other material covered with aOk^,,^,..,,,,^,..^,.^ ** 15,000 
Searfs of twisted silk:— 

Plain or with sUk tasseis......^......... .„ „..^ •* 24,000 

With tassels of gold or silver „ „„ •• SJyOOO 

Bar^. tulle, gauze, crape, plain, worked, with flowers and other 

ornaments « — Kilog. 28,000 

Berettsandhoodsknitted.of silkornnymatcrialcoveredwithsilk ** 24,€00 

Hair-nets, etc., of silk t\vlst,orany mntcrlal covered with silk " 2^)00 

Brocades, materials woven with gold or silver wire, and tissues for 
making ecclesiastical vestments and church ornaments:— 
Worked or embroidered with foundation of gold or silver........Kilog. 28,000 

Do,, do., of gold orsnver,Bemi-fiueor imitation *' 14,000 

Worked, of gold or silver, with or witliout shade " 18,000 

Do., do., of gold or silver, semi-fine or imitation, with or without 

shade Kilog. 9,000 

Caps, plain or trimmed „ Eacn 2,600 

Buttons, of silk, pure or mixed with other materials, or of any material 



Covers for pianos and other articles ** 24^000 

fihawls. mantles, hankerchlefs and veils:— 

Of lace, tulle, gauzo, and crape, with or vrithout mixture of other 

materials, plain, worked or embroidered Kilog. 28,000 

Of twisted Bilk „ „ •• 24,000 

Of tissues not otherwise mentioned, plain twilledor worked... ** 18,000 
Do.ido., embroidered «....60 p c od. vaL 

Hats:— With a pile, finished: • 

Plain « Each 4,00 

With tassels, edging, and other ornamente, black or of gold or silver 

of any kind, with or without feathers Each 12,000 

Do., on cardboard: 

Plain ^ " 8,000 

With edging, black or of gold or silver, of any quality, and with or 

' without feathers Each 6,000 

Ronnd:- Plain or with springs « " 2,L00 

Trimmed „ copootfsiaf. 



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COXMEBCB. 191 

ABTICLB8, xra Bates OF DUTY 

^HlCiN-Of TelTet, of lilk, or of silk and cotton, or of any other Umuo of 
•Ilk or of lUk and any material: Reli 

Plain -^ ...; ^^ . Each 2,500 

Trlmmed...»........».»...-.^».^ ^..»...,»^........»......m...„........XO p c oif vol. 

KoTS.— The duties upon the hats include those of the card-board 
•r eommon wooden boxes in which they are imported. 
Coferlets and blankets, common, of silk-waste for beds.................Kiloff. 6.0Q0 

OoTera and rosettes for parasols......^....^^........^.. ^. „.» ** %ifiOO 

Cords, plaits, laces and ribbons, of silk or of silk mixed with other 

, mateilals „ «^«« _.KUog. 15,000 

Boot laces (pay duty according; to material of which composed)..^.......... — 

Its...... « Each 7,000 



Corset 
Bibboi 



ibbons, plain, worked, or shaded, of velvet or any other description of 

■ilk or of silk mixed with any other material Kilopr. 15,000 

, Linings and bands, quiltod or not, for hats, of silk or of silk mixed with 

any other material. Kilog. 6,000 

^Tassels, with or without brass wire.... '* 24,00 

GaUoons and fringes, of silk or of silk mixed with any other ma- 

. terial.» ....... Kllog. 15,000 

i Cause, of silk, gummed ....... ....... . *• 14,000 

Keckcrchiefs, of silk or of silk mixed with other materials, of any shape 

or make, for men or women.................... » » KIIcmt. 15,000 

Ties, of silk, or of silk mixed with any other material, lined or not, with 

. or without buckles..... » Kilog. 15,000 

Carters and suspenders, plain or embroidered, of silk or of silk mixed 

of any otber material... ».. Kilog. 15.000 

. Cloves, of silk twisted or knitted silk, purely of silk or of silk mixed 

of any other material ..» Kilog. 24,000 

Stockings, of silk and of silk mixed with any other material.........Kilog. 24,000 

Plush:— 

Black of silk and cotton, for hats » ...» '* 5,000 

Kot otherwise mentioned: Of silk.................. *' 24,000 

Of silk and cotton «• 13,000 

Lace: 

Of silk, or of silk mixed with any other materlal................»».. " 80,000 

In cuttings for wearing apparel »..............60pca(f vol. 

Baady-mado clothing, mantlets, chemisettes, etc:— • 

Of silk waste of any kind Kilog. 15,000 

Of lace, or embroidered or trimmed » 60 pc odtNil. 

Kot otbcnvise mentioned (pay duty according to material of which 

composed) — 

suppers or half-boots, without soles, for children, plain, trimmed or em- 
broidered « ......Pair 600 

Tissues not otherwise mentioned:— 

Of silk waste: Unbleaclied : „ Kilog. 9,000 

White, dyed, printed, worked, or with flowers imitating em- 

broiiery. - Kilog. 15,000 

Of net of silk, or of silk mixed with any other material, with or with- 
out spangles Kilog. 18,000 

Not otherwise mentioned, plain, worked, damasked or with flowers 

and otbervclvcted ornaments imitating embroidery.. Kilog. 24,000 

, Bands and insertions of silk or of silk mixed with any other material, 
plain or embroidered, with or without lace, including tufts or 

Jpiaits « Kilog. 24,000 

Bunds for windows, with or without rollers Each 6,000 

. Velvets, plain, worked, or with flowers or other ornaments, imitatiug 
embroidery:— 

Entirely of silk « Kilog. 24,000 

Of silk and cotton " 13,000 

Note.— Those articles classiflcd, which have trimmings or orna- 
ments as spnn^lcs, will have an abatement of 50 per cent, on the re- 
spective duties when the Kpanglcs do not comprise one-third of the 
total weight of the respective merchandise. 

XIX.— PAPER AND MANUFACTURERS OP 
iUbnms for drawings and photographs:— 

With cover of wood or cardboard, bound in paper, cloth, leather or 
^ skin, plain or with ornaments or any kind, except those of gold or 

silver: .Kilog. MOO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



l02 BPANISH^ASfEBICAK UAXXTAL. 

ABTICLB8, ETC. RAtMOP]linBr 

•Mmrns for drawings and photographs :— ^ Jnh 

; -With cover of ivory, mother-of-pearl, or tortoiie-shcfn, of tandiA- 
• ; wood or Chineie varnish, of silk, velvet, etc, except those of gold . 

and silver ......^ ^ --^ ^ « .^48pe4ifteal. 

KoTE.— Those albums which contain prints, chromes or jplbotih . 
graphs, wiU pav 80 per cent, additional daty to those above. 
fioxes of cardboard or pasteboard : — 

Snuff, etc , ^ ^ ^. — Kilqg. 

Large, for hats, trimmings for hats, etc .«„. " 

^ Small, for seallug wax, medicines, etc........ ^„»..^^,.^,..^, 

Cardboard, white or colored:— 

In sheets « •• UD 

Cut, for cartes de visile, etc., plain or with gilt edges, framed, with 
gilt borders, painted or embossed ».............»^Kllogi tOO 






Playing cards:— In packs .' .»..............Kil<^ 

Of cardboard for finishing or for cutting up, In sheets of paper for 

cutting up, colored or simply printed. » t^ 

Hats and caps:— 

Plain, Imitating Straw, or with oiled cloth for soldiers Batfh tOO 

Trimmed ~.« » " l^fldD 

Flints, drawings, and photographs:— 

For use In studying anatomy, botany, and othersclences, also inatm- 
meuts and machines, or models for the arts and trade, bound, 

stitched in paper,or not stitched » Kllof. -1M 

( Forplacards, advertisements, clildren's toys, etc •• IM 

Of gelatine or oiled paper, etc...... »»....».... ** oOO 

/ Not otherwise distingrulshcd « « •• 9^900 

NoTB.— Prints which accompany Illustrated Journals, and which 
form part of them, will pay the duties to which the journals «• 
subjected. 
Blaak books:— 

Of paper, plain, ruled or lined, for accounts, with or without jprini- 
ing..... — ;... — .........KUflir. 






Itftched or bound with cover of csr^oard, lined" with paper, cloth, 
leather or skin, plain or with ornaments of any kind, except thost 
of gold or sUver » ....Kilog; uv 

Do. GO. with cover of ivory, mother-of-pearl or tortoise shell, ete., 
etc - KOog; 8,200 

Do. do. with cover of silk, velvet, pasteboard, or wood.. " 1/XM) 

Do. do. with ornaments of gold or silver .— «^ 15peatf vol 



Manuscripts of any description, bound, stitched, or In separate sheets..... Free 
Haps or geographical, hydrographic, topographic etc.. charts, bound, 

stitched in paper, or in separate sheets Kflog; 160 

tf usic, boundf, stitched, or in separate sheets „ *' 8,300 

Printed or lithographed works, invoices, notes, bills of lading, envel- 
* opes, account sales, circulars, prospectuses, traveling tickets, vislting^ 
cards, receipts, bound or not, posters, ticket?, calendars, adv«rtlie- 
' ments, placards, engravings, gummed or not, etc. :— 

Of one color » .• .............KiiOf . 1 ^00 

Of two or more colors ~ « ».m......... *• IjnO 

Cap brims of cardboard, plain, or lined with leather or waxed cloth, 

with or without border of metal ...Kilof. I^JUO 

Paper:— 

In pasteboard, of any quality, for the manufacture of paper. 
For writing or drawing, of any quality, white or colored: 

Plain, ruled or lined .\. - zw 

IVltb gilt edges, marked, bordered, or with framing, palntlUf^ ei^ 

gravings, embossing, or monograms » KllQir* ^ 

For printing or topography „ *• 10 

Painted, cngravea, dyed, or colored, plain, worked, or moroccoed, tor 

binding and similar uses ....Klhlf. 240 

Gilt or Bilvered,realor Imitation ... •* 800 

Prepared for photographic use ......m..»m«..........».....m " 1|M0 

Blotting and filtering „..« .. . — . •• iBO 

Common, for packing, without printing » «,..« ** 80 

: Bo.printed.....d....T!.. !. " 2» 

white or dyed, satined or not, in pieces or in rolls....................... " 80 



10 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COHMEKCE. 1^4 

Article?, ETC. Rates of Duty 

^^ered with cloth, for any use « „ Kllog. m* 

! Of Bilk, white or colored, for cop: i»iK letters, and without gum.. *' SaX 

:OHed, carbonized. Oriental, rice, Chinese, vegetable, etc ** 820 

. For cigarettes, etc. : 

In sheets ** 240 

r In small books or in small cases " <50 

Vor papering rooms: 

Painted, printed, of any description « •* 1,800- 

:. '• Do. do. gilt, silvered, or velveted •* 2,000 

;ffiieets of cardboard, covered with cottou or cloth, gummed, for 

7^ hats Kilog. 480 

* Collars for shirts Dozen 4Q0 

Cufibdo Dozen pair 800 

.Fronts ao Dozen 600' 

' Trimmings for hats, with or without tissue of silk Kilog. 400 

.'Sags, without inscription '* 160 

•'^ with inscription „. " 480' 

Enyelopes, for letters " 480. 

3and8 or galloons : 

For telegraphic use •* 160 

Of any other quality ', *• 2,000 

. Chinese lanterns, etc.... „ •* 1,000- 

; Cut or prepared in any other manner for manufacturers, with or with- 
out inscription, etc Kilog. S^OOO 

Ciadboard;— 

Varnished for brims of helmets, etc « ** 890 

; Kot otherwise Tarnished ** 80 

IWtfolIos:- 

• -Plain or with cloth, leather or waxed cloth " 800- 

; Do. velvet or silk " 8^ 

▲U articles of paper, cardboard, or pasteboard not otherwise racn- 

. tioned 48pc otf voL' 

XX.-STONES, EARTH3 AND OTHER MINERALS. 
▲labaatier, marble porphyry, Jasper and similar stones:— 

In the rough: In pieces rough hewn or sawn ..... — ......^..Cub. metre 1.600 

In blocks or bricks, simply sawn ......8q. '* 800 

In powder........ Kilog. 80 

■ Polished or manufactured: 

Bricks » JBq. metre 1,600 

; Rounded, up to 80 centimetres in diameter.................... »....£ach 2,600 

.Da more than 80 centimetres and up to 90 ** 4,200. 

Do, more than 90 centimetres and up to 100 " 6.100 

Do. more than 100 and up to 110 ..» *' 8,000 

Do. more than 110 and up to 120 ** 10.500 

Da more than 120 centimetres .». .»....»...•.......• " 13,000 

Quadrangular and oval, up to 80 centimetres long ..».. *' 800 

Da more than 50 centimetres and up to GO centimetres Each 1,600 

Da more than 60 and up to 100 centimetres „ *' 2,600 

Do. more than 100 and up to 140 centimetres •* 4,200- 

Do. more than 14) and up to 180 centimetres '* 6,U)0 

Do. more than 180 centimeters *' 10,000 

For lavatories, vestibules, etc ..« Sq. metre 2,600 

Articles not otherwise mentioned 48 p c od val. 

AxAianthus or asbestos » .....Kilog. &M 

Argil and moulding sand *' 10 

Clay :— Unprepared «.. ., Free 

In articles made up: 
Articles not otherwise mentioned, of any form or shape, for any use, 

of common clay........ Kilog. 100 

Do. of fine clay «. " 250 

Pipes " $2» 

Drain or chimney pipes ** 80 

Figures, busts, statues, vases, etc., for tables « « " l,20O- 

. Do. for gardens, etc « " 2Qd. 

Models, and similar articles for the arts ** , 30 

Pitchers, cups, vases and water pots ' 240 

Manual. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



194 fiPANIBH'AlCKRICAN MANUAL. 



ABTICLS8, STC. RaTBB OF JHRTV- 

Rett 

Hundred 4,00» 

~ " W,aQD 

Thousand 12,000 

'ZZZJZZrZZ*3Z.*.T •• 29.090 

Kiioar. 80 

icdn « Kilog. 800 

800 



oa).. 



he electric light.. 



1ft 
80 

210 
00 

8&0 
FMe 



Unprepared or In powder .« Kilog. 10 

In tiles, plain or colored, called mosaics " 40 

Emery:— For cleaning knives: 

Instonoor bricks : . « lOO 

In powder ** 450 

l^ot otherwise mentioned " 120. 

Ice ^ *• 6 

Plaster:— In stone or sulphate of lime ** 18 

In powder or calcined *' |0, 

lUde up: Pines „„ «« m^ 

Uodcls and similar articles for the arts '* 8D 

Hot otherwise mentioned ....» <* LlOO 

Chalk:— In stone " 16 

In powder or prepared ^ «• 80 

Prepared for white lead for billiard cues, etc « •* 450 

dates:— Unprepared or In tablets . " 80 

In tiles 8q. metre 800 

Cut or prepared in pencils or in sheets for writing ** 100 

flint stones :— Unprepared ... •' ift 

Cut or prepared, for fire-arms, etc ** VSO 

Pnmito stone, etc •* 60 

Blood stone, African and Tripoli stone ** eOO 

Qxanite or freestone:— Not prepared or rough hewn 15 p e cul vaL 

Prepared:— Hearth stone Each 320 

Hill stone •* 400 

Grindstone Kilog. 20 

Whetstone " 160 

Filtering stone " 50 

Building, paving and similar stones „ „ 16 p c cut vaL 

Not otherwise mentioned «. 15 p c ad vaL 

lithographic stones :— Up to 33 centimetres long Each 600 

More than 80 and up to 50 centimetres •• 1,200 

More than 50 and up to ^0 centimetres " 2,900 

More than 70 and up to 93 centimetres ** 4,000 

More than 93 and up to 120 centimetres " 6,800 

More than 123 centimetres •• 8,000 

Note.— Lithographic stones which are imported after being 
partially or entirely prepared, will pay n surtax of 50 per cent. 

Fiecious stones m the raw state or cut:— Diamonds Gram. 12,000 

Emeralds, sapnhlres, ribies and opals •* 4,000 

Topazes, amethysts, coral, onyx, mosaic, and stones not other- 
wise mentioned «• lOO 

riombaginc, graphite (natural carburet of iron), in stone or in 

powder Kilog. 100 

Talc, unprepared or in powder „ •« 80 

Sarths:—Kaolin or porcelain earth •• 80 

Phosphates, sulphates, and carbonates, natural, used solely as 

manure « «• .' 16 

Not otherwise mentioned « " 640 

All minerals not otherwise mentioned 48 poad pok 



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COMMEBCB. 19JS 

ABTICLE8, ETC. RaTS«^OF DUTY 

XXI.— FAIENCE, PORCELAIN AND GLASSWARE. 

I.— Faience AND Porcelain. Beii 

IfHeAH cases, bracelets, toys, large pins, ornament^, etc Kilog. 4,000 

lit* ana Jiieces of any shape or make, not otherwise mentioned : * 

In iaience or porcelain, No. 1 Kiloff. 80 

Da do. No. 2 " 140 

Da do. No. 8 ;....« •• 260 

Do. do. No. 4 " 850 

Da do. No. 6 " 540 

Da do. No. 6 •• 1^ 

Note.— For descriptions of faience or porcelain, Nos. 1, 2, 8, 
etc., see note at end of Class XXI. 

Ttlea « *• 100 

Buttons " 660 

Taaes and flower-pots, scent flasks, fisrures, images, medallions, 
Imsts, statues, etc. :— 
For tables, etc.: 

Of faTence and porcelain, Nos. 1, 2 and 8 *' 800 

Do. Nos. 4, 5 and €...«.... « «.« •• tfiM 

For gardens, etc. :— 

Of faTenco and porcelain, Nos. 1,2 and 8 ».... '• 200 

J}o, Nos. 4, 5 and 6 " 900 

NoTE.^In this category are not included handles, globes, 
flowers and stands belonging to vases and flower-pots ; these 
articles pa> duty separately. 

2.— Glassware. 

Waste and rexnaini of articles or broken or useless wares Free 

In paster- 
Conical or in tubes, for cutting, paring and i>olishing ........Kilog. 1,200 

Cut» pared and polished, or imitation ** 6,000 

Inplates or sheets :— 
Iror windows: 

Uncolored, plain •* 70 

Colored, worked, or emery polished and fluted ». ** 20(^ 

Thick, for ships, etc ^Eliloff. 80 

Poliidied without bteel:— 

Up to 8 millimetres thick, up to 20 decimetres surface..^ Sq. Dec. 25 

Do. more than 20 and up to 50 decimetres '* 00 

Do. more than 50 and up to 100 decimetres " 80 

Do. more than 100 and up to 200 decimetres " 120. 

More than 20O decimetres " 180 

More than 8 millimetres thick, up to 20 decimetres surface " 40 

Do. more than 20 and up to 60 decimetres „.. '* 80 

Do more than 60 and up to 100 decimetres <* 120 

Do more than 100 and up to 200 decimetres " , 180 

Do more than 200 decimetres ». 260 

Polished vrith steel:— 

Up to 3 millimetres thick, up to 20 decimetres surface ... •* 40 

Do. more than 20 and up to 50 decimetres .t. " 80 

Do. more than 50 and up to 100 decimetres ** 120 

Do. more than 100 and up to 200 decimetres ** 180 

Da more than 203 decimetres ** 360 

More than 3 millimetres thick, up to 20 sq. decimetres surface ** 60 

Do. more than 20 and up to tO decira'etres : " 140 

Do. more than CO and up to 100 decimetres ** 210 

Do. more than ICO and up to 200 decimetres " 270 

Do. more than 20D decimetres «* SCO 

Needle-cases, bracelets, large pins, toys, oraments, etc Kilog. 4,000 

Buttons .:. •• 660 

Beads and spangles :— 

Covered with satin, white or colored, imitating pearl, etc., hollow or 

fine, including spangles Kilog. 8,400 

Cut, cast, painted, enamelled, or perfumed, etc., including 

arrangoes « Kilog. 1,000 

Not otherwise distinguished *• 4,200 

Wreaths and other ornaments for gravestones, with or without orna- 
ments « .-. Kilog. 8,200 



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i90 SPAlimH-AMEBIOAM MAKDAL. 

ABTlCI.B8,BTa BATSSOFDDTT 

Xiuimel:— , ^ Beii 

Fine for )ewe11en -^^—^ — .» — . — . . ............... — ^.... — EOog. 4/»30 

Commoiit or cobalt, vltrifiedr for potten...^».».«»^»..^.^...«..... ** |«K9^ 

Flai^ of scoDts, vmsetand flower-pots, butts and figures, and similar 
' fancy articles: — 

Of glass, Ko. 1......^^-. ^^ „^ .mog i,aoo 

Do. No. 2. ..«.. .«« ** ifiOH 

KoTE.— In the weight of the vases or figures, having reservoirs of 
any k'nd or ativ material, and aaaptcd to server lamps, is included 
that of the artjcles* if they cannot bo separated. 

If the contrary be the case, these articles will pay duty sepaiately« 
accordi" k to their quality. 
Bottles, dcm i Johns and common flasks:-— 
Of common glnss, dark, called b'.ac k, etc: 

Without stopi>er and neck, emery polished ^ ,... Kilog, . 6f^ 

With stopper and neck, emery polished ...,,,^^^,.,^^,„^^ ** ' 80 

Do. do. whl.e, or of a greenish or bluish color: 
Without stopper and neck, emery polished...— .m........^.«m.....m '* 120 

With stopper and neck, emery polished..............— ................... " 180 

With lid of common metal ^..^ ** ZH^ 

Bottles or flacks, covered with straw, leather, or thread, with or With- 
out cup of tin .— Kilog. •BO 

Demijohns, covered with osier or straw ...—..»..—.«. ** 100 

Ltutres, candlesticks, and chandeliers.....—..— ** 1«600 

Note.— The duties on the pendants, cupolas, chains, arms and 
other parts of lustres, imported separately, or in reberve, are included 
in the above. 

VHes of any kind .........................—.... m.— .........— ^..Kilog: 1^ 

Glassware not otherwise mentioned:— 
Articles for table use, such as tumblers, glasses for liqueurs, bottles, 
fruit dishes, plates, fruit plates, butter dishes, sugar basins, sail- 
cellars, mustard-pots, cruet-stauds, Jelly-plates, knife-rests, etc: 

Ofpla88.No.l Kilog, no 

Of glass. No. 2. " 680 

jkrticies intended for other uses, such as boxes or cases for other uses, 
fruit-rases with flower-stands, liquor compartments, cwcrs, basin and 
other necessaries for lavatortcs, spittoons, sockets for chandeliers, 
handles, cupolas, globes, glasses for chimney candlesticks, glass re- 
flectors, lamps, night-lamps, inkstands, paper-presses, knobs for 
windows, etc: 

Of glass. No. 1 « Kilog. 620 

Of Rlass, Na 2. •• 1,000 

Note.— (a.) The above duties Include those on the fastcningi, 
ferrules, ornaments r»nd small chains of metal imported with the 
above articles, attaclicd or glued, as well as those on all fittings and 
ornaments of wood forming part of the above articles. 

Foot lamps of iron, zinc, or any other similar articles of marbto or 
similar stones will enjoy a reduction of 30 per cent, on the respectlT» 
duties. 

Note.— (6.) The following are considered as ftfenoe and porfftlala? 
No. L—White earthenware. 
Na 2.— Earthenware, f riezed or with colored border. 

Earthenware, painted or printed, copperKKiilored^ elO* 
Ko. 8.— Earthenware enamelled. . 

Black eanheuware of every kind. 
Earthenware of Japanese earth, etc. 
Earthen \> are of every kind, gilt 
Na 4.— Porcelain, white. 
No. 6.— Porcelain, white, gilt. 

Porcelain, painted, printed orenamelled. 
Na 6.— Porcelain, painted, printed or enamelled, with eUdlnft and , 

that called "Biscuit." 
The following are considered as glass: 



No. 1*— 01 ass, plain and moulded. 



Sfo. 2.— Glass, cut, whole, or in parts, worked, emery polished, ant 

that known as " muslin " 

Glasses, colored, opaque, painted, enamelled, or gilded are liable to 
•urtax of 50 per cent 



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COMXBBCX. 107 

AmnciAa, BTC. Rates of Durr 

An not considered at fflan. No. 2, those bottles, fruit-dishes and 

ilmilar articles, plain, classed under Ko. 1, which nave tlie knobs of > 

the covers and stoppers slightly cut 
If an article eonUsts of parts of faience, porcelain, or f^lass of dif- 

iBvent qualitiea, dutj will be levied as if it belonged to the category 

MaiiBg the hii^est doty. 

XXZIL-GOLD, BILVER AND PLATINA. 
CkOd:- Reis 

In bars, powder, or In anr other raw state, or broken articles (useless) Free 

. In sheets, for gilding aud dentistry Kilog. 6,000' 

National or foreign coin „ ^ ^^ Free 

In medals, archseological, numismatic, and similar collections 

«..«..^.«^.......^.. — ...... ..« ^... .Gram 100 

Jswellery: 

With diamonds, rubies, sapphires, pearls, emeralds, or opa]a...J>pe od «oL 
Of every kind, plain, or of gold wire, or with corals or stones not 

l^otherwise mention^, or with sham stones ..Grama 100 

Writing pens, with or without nibs of diamond stone......^.....Qiama 200 

iLTtieles not otherwise mentioned „ ...^....^m....— .^^.^-m. " 100 

BUrer:— 

In bsrs, powder, or any other raw state, or broken artleles (useless) Free* 

. In sheets, for silvering and dentistry ...^...............Kilog. O.OOO 

* national or foreign coin „ ^ „ Free 

ta medals for archaeological, numismatic, aud similar eollections 

« - -. .................^....Gram 10 

. JMngss, galloons and any other description of small wares: 

White, or simply of silver Kilog. 9,^00 

Gilded, galvanised or perfumed ** 13,000 

Epaulettes, tassels and similar articles........ ** 16,000 

fUversmiths^ wares: 
Plain, worked, stamped, enamelled, or with imitation stones, plain 
«r gilded, or of wire^ as plate for use on tables, in lavatories, etc. 

' -...«. Gram 10 

Do, do, as jewellery, riugs, bracelets, ornaments, etc Gram 20 

Of any other descriptiou, mosaics, corals, pearls, fine stones and 

. Other ornameuts t. 5 p cod vat ' 

Articles not otherwise distinguished.. —......- »........Gram 10 

Flatina:-- 

In bars, sheets, wire scrap, powder, or in the form of sponges. ......Gram 40 

Manufactured in any shape -... •* IDO. 

NOTS.— In the weights of articles of this category is included that 
' of the accessories and parts of those articles, such as handles, feet, 
. etc., when they are of ivory, mother-of-pearl, or tortoise-bbell: it is 
the same with regard to those which are of glans. faience, porcelain, 
^ood, horn, etc. when they cannot be separated from the articles, in 
order to subject them to their res)>ective duties. In this case, how- 
ever, these articles will enjoy a reduction of 80 per rent 

Knives, forks and other similar articles which have plates aud 
s&nilar accessories of iron, steel, or any other common metal, will be 
subject to a reduction of 80 per cent., the articles being in other res- 
pects liable for their respective duties. 

The duties upon leweis include those on the small common boxes 
to which they are imported. 

XXm.-COPPER AND ITS ALLOYS. 
Smelted, cast, in filings, in tiles, bars, wrought, in plates, in rolls, sheets, 

with orwithout alloy «..«....Kilog. 250 

Packing needles, etc •» 1,900 

Table services, large and small plates, liquor compartments, cruet 
stands, spoons and other articles for domestic use, basins, ewers, and 
other toilet necessaries, card-trays, vases and other similar fancy 
i^ticles in thin sheets and those known commercially as Ghristofle, 
KIkington, electroplate, alfenike, roulz, plated, etc., of copper, sUver- 
platad: 

Plain.»....«>....»...........»...... «.. Kilog. 14)00 

Bilver>plated, entirely or partially ., ..«.. " 



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1^ 8PANI8H-AM£RICAlff ICANUAL. 

_ . Abticlbs, Sia Baib8ofI>iitt 

Tkble MTTlces, etc. Belt 

GUdttd, eotiielTor partUOly ^ ..^ JOlog. 4^000 

Cradles:— 

Plain Of ■lmpIe.............„.......^.............«................MM^».MM«....«..JB«oh 8,^ 

Worked or ornamented...........»..........^ .^^„,.^,....^,„», *' 16,000 

Jewellery of every description, plain, vamiahed, gilded, or idhrer-]^ated 



■^^. 



KoTB.— This category includes ornaments, rings, bracelets, dock 
chains, buttons not otherwise provided for, garters, combe and sll 
other ornamental articles, with or without imitation itonei. 
Buttons, white or yellow:— 

With holes for trousers m......„......mm. , ,, -KHngr ODD 

For clothing, uniform or livery : 
Bimply polished, plain or Tarnished, with designs, numben or 

letters «.. KllOg: l^MO 

Gilded, silver-plated or perfumed, plidn or with numben, letters, or 

desims . — .. __ ..... .KiloB. 4j000 

Nose bands for animal8.......«M.....MM..........«.-MM..,— m...-^.^...-.,*.— .^Eaiw ^00 

Padlocks:— 

Plain or ftnttrninw , -„■ , .■■..ii.i.i,_i,ix-..-.gilOg. 1,200 

Pump, secret, letter, etc........^........,.^...^.^..,,^^,...*,.^,......... *« 0,200 

Chairs and stools:— 

Plain or simple ^,.,...,^,.,„..„„„„^ ,„^„„^^„,^..,.^Each, 2,000 

Worked or ornamented " 4,800 

^ Booking and chain not otherwlflementianed...^...........*^^....... fl»00O 

Bedsteads:- 

Bingle....^ .^^ ....^ EacU 12,060 

Double " 20,000 

Children's . .^ ^ " 9,000 

Worked: 

8ingle....M ...^ ** 26,000 

Double. « ^ " 42,000 

Children's " 17.000 

KoTB.— Bedsteads measuring up to 1 m. 10 on the ^ide are con- 
^ sidered as single ones. 
Hells:- 

. Com., for doors, clocks, animals, etc., with or without spring...Kilog. . 800 
Tlible or church: 

Plain and simply polished *' 1,800 

Worked or ornamented, gilded or silver-plated etc « •* 2,600 

WIre*ribboDs, f riupres, galloons, cords, lace, ribbons and other fine wares, 

Silded or silver-plated, or spangled Kilog. 8,000 
ites:— . 

Smooth, for engraving purposes " 600 

Engraved w ith inscriptions, for letten and other papen, or commer- 
cial documents, etc ...............Kilog. 18,000 

Do. do. for stamps, etc ...........m *' 4$00 

Fixed upon lead or other metals, and upon wood *' 1,000 

Collars for animals ». .............».............mm...m ** 8,000 

Rosaries, gilded or silver-plated ^................^^ " 4,200 

Epaulettes, shoulder straps, etc »..............„..,..»....m«m...........m " 8,000 

Spurs:— 

Large, called Chilian, etc .«......^J)OZ. pain 10,000 

Kotothunvise mentioned ^.....m^. ..........«.«• " 8,000 

Stirrups:— 

Filed „ ........^.^ •• 4.000 

Polished: 

With springs ..•..........•^•».— ^ •• 16,000 

Without springs " 8,000 

For sidesaddles ....Dozen 6,000 

Known as "marchepieds" or "eacambas," large or small.... J)os. pn. 20,000 
Locks:- 

With only one turn and without hole In the key................M......1?ilog. 1,200 

With two turns and secret ward, and others not specified Kilog. 2,000 

Note.— The above is only a portion of tho revised customs tariff 
of Brazil, the remainder not having been published at the time of 
going to press. . 



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COHMftBCB. 199t 

Argentine Bepublic— Under the e^dsting treaty with the 
United States, freedom of trade to the fallest extent !s recog- 
niied between the two nations. The vMBels and merchandise of 
either enjoy at Iho iwrts of the other all the l>rivileges granted to 
Uio most favored maritime power. Thus it. is that no dlscri minat- 
ing dncieSy on account of nationality, of growth> or production, can 
be lyvied on goods, nor higher dues or charges on vessels at 
the poita of cither of them, than would be levied on their own 
natk>nal vessels. Shipmasters and other citizens of the United 
States can freely do business and manage their own affairs in the 
Ai^ntine Kepublic ; and the citizens of the latter have thesam^ 
rights in the United States. 

Thd foUowing rcgnlations are strictly enforced. Vessels arriving at ports of 
Ibe lopubllo ar3 reqnircd to prodnce a manifest setting forth the marks, num- 
1»ert, nature, and quantity of packages on board, together with their contents, 
which doeument must in every respect agreo with the bills of lading, as well 
as bear tho visa of tho Argentine con sul at tho jK>rt of departure. I f tho vessel 
is bound to moro than ono port of tho republic, a manifest must be produced 
for each place, and each separate passport must be visaed by the Argentine 

CODSOl* 

For a vessel in ballast her commander must make a declaration of the fact to 
the consul, who wiU provide him with the requisite certificate. The docii> 
ment mi::st bo produced by tho master on arrival at his destination. Argentine 
consuls aro authorized to collect fees for their services an follows: From ves- 
sels of 100 to 150 tons, C6; of ICO to 203 tons, $S; of 201 to 2:0 tons, flO; of %l to 
300 tons, 112; of 801 tons and upwards, $14. These rates are for a vessel bound 
to a single port; but if it be going to two T>orts or more, one-hal t additional for 
each port Vessels in ballast pay one-fourth of tho above rates. Tho consul 
will acUver to the master the certified manifest or manifests, or tho certificate 
of his vessel being in ballast, as the case may be, in a sealed envelope acldrcssed 
to the customs authorities at the port or ports of destination. Should there bo 
no Argentine consul at tho port of departure, the master must procure 
one or more custom house manifests, as his case raav require ; and In tho event 
of stopping at any intermediate port where there is an Argentine consul, the 
master must have his papers duly visaed by h im. The penalty for non-compU* 
auce with this requirement is a fine^of double tho amount of tho consular 
fees. Port charges at Buenos Aires: Riachuelo wharfage:— Vessels from 5 
to lOO tons, daily, 4 cents per ton; over 101 tons, daily, 5 cents per ton. Port 
charges are levied only on the entry of vessels, at rates varying from 10 
cents on sailing vessels of 10 to 53 tons, and graduaUy increasing for every ad* 
ditional 50 tons, until for IDl tons and upwards tho rate is CO cents. Lighters, 
from the roads, 10 cents; steamers according to tonnage, half price; sailing 
vessels, entering and leaving in ballast, half-price. Pilotage :--Tho cruising 
ground of the pilots is usually off Capo Banta Maria, obout 13 or 13 miles from 
the light-house. They are not to be found thcro in bad weather, their boats 
being small. If caught by a south-west wind or "pampero," they cither make 
for the anchorage under the leo of Capo Santa Maria, or nin under Capo Cas- 
tillo; if it is a south-easter, they run for Maldouado. None butnilots of the 
country can perform the duties of such for direct navigation to Argentine 
ports. Tho regulations about pilots are very strictly obser\'ed. and any vessel 
found navigatiog with an unhcenscd pilot is required to ^lay doublo pilotage; 
the same is required of a vessel sailing without a pilot in tlie wake of anot.her 
vessel having one. Tho rules of tho port are very explicit, and masters of ves- 
sels must conform thereto and save themselves trouble and heavy pecuniary 
loss. One of tho rules is that two-thirds of a vessel's crew, at least, shall be 
idways on board ready for duty, or she must answer for damages occasioned 
by her. On the other hand, damages suffered bv ships whilo in charge of pilots, 
if the latter aro convicted of intentional mischief or neglect, tho pilot com- 
pany called '* Argentina Repdblica " make good the damages. The schedule 
for pilotago from Buenos Ayres to Point Indio, and vice versa, ranges from 40 
potaoones for 9 Burgos feet, increasing 13 cents for cverv foot to 133 pataconcs 
for 21 feet From tho meridian of the English bank to Buenos Aires, and vice 
versa, fifty pataconcs aro paid by vessels of 53 tons, to 150 patacones by vessels 
drawing 21 feet Light dues, 8 cents per ton; captain of the port, $20; health 
visits, |25 ; bill of health, |2o. Harbor dues :— National vessels and those assim* 



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900 BPAMIBH-AKXiUCAK MANUAL. 

flated tar tieaty, |8: thoie not to aastmilated, H Veflwls which merelj tooch 
ftt a port bave to poy only lialf the abavo charges. BovcnBo :— The congn^ of 
vie Aisentlno rcpttblic ciado Bcveral important changes in the tariff for UHMl' ■ 

All antics on exports from tho conntry are abolished. This makes a ravlfig 
lor shippers, of 4 per cent, on wools, siicepskins, ostrich leathers, and t^llMi 
and of 2 per cent, oil animal oils, horns, bones and bone-ash. hair, hide-cut^ 
tings, tallow and hides. To compensate for the loss from this source, import 
duties Lave been increased on a number of articles. For instance^ on cigars 
from U> per cent to CO per cent.; on tobacco, from LO to 15 per cent : on orma 
and munitions, powder, and perfumery, from 45 to 53 per cent; on groceries, 
edibles, etc., excepting riee, farina, and table salt, from 2j to 8D per cent. The 
specific duty on refined sugar \va i raised from 7 cents per kilo, ^o 9 cents per 
kila ; on v/ines, liquors, etc., from 'J2 to 25 cen s per 1 iter. 

Tbe following is the new tariff which went into effect January 1st, 188S: 

Art 1. All merchandise imported from abroad for consumption pays a Avtif 
of 25 per cent ad valorem in deposit^ exec pt as follows: cigars, tobacco, arma 
and munitions, and periumcry, which must pay as stated above. 

Keady-mr'.do clothing, confections i n general, hats and caps, boots and shoes, 
saddles uud harness, carriages, furniture, matches other than wax, fire-crack- 
ers, ycrbu-mat6, and objects of art pay 45 per cent Groceries, edibles, ore, lU 
abovo stared. Iron, ungalvanizcd, in sheets, bars, ingots, etc., wliito pine^ 
Q»ruce, printing and writing paper, pav 19 per cent 

. Canvus and sack-cloth, Jewelry, gold aord silver worked, sewing and pm- 
broidery silk, all implements and inslrumcnts with handles, or adorned with 
silver and gold, when these inereaso their value one-third; presses nnd'all 
materials for printing except types, lithographic presses, ajricultural and in« 
dustrial macninery, coarse salt, steam-engines, and detached pieces of mft* 
chinery for repairs, threads and wire on spools, sulphuric oeid, and solphata 
of lime, pay 8 per cent Precious tones, unset, pay 2 per cent 

The followiug commodities are suoject to specific duties: 

Wheat, per 100 kilograms »........4 L65 

Btarch, xor each " «. 0.06 

Coffee, " " " O.08 

Macaroni, " " 0.07 

Crackers and biscuits, for each kilogram ^ OliW 

"Wheat flour and com meal ** '* «... aC4 

•" '"' 0.80 

liogram ~ 0.C7 

— ao» 

9, per liter 0.08 

• liter ^ 0.25 

E5 0.23 

per bottle 0.15 

ceeeding SO*, per liter......... 0.15 

I in casks, fiot exceeding 25* 

;...... aao 

:ceeding 25°, per bottle 0.20 

bottled, not exceeding 25*, 

0.25 

etc., per bottle 0.25 

0.05 • 

andles, per kilogram.......... 0.12 

J 10.00 

rum 0.50 

rapping paper, per kilog. ... 0.10 

All articles of weight, with two or more wrappings, if they pay speeiflodntj. 
Include tho immediate covering. 

Tho followiug articles are free from import duty: Works of art, original 
paintings nnd sculpture, books in general, vessels and machinery for vessels* 
no matter how propelled: mineral coal, ploughs, wire for fencing and tele* 
graphs, blood animals and live stock, fresh fish, fresh fruit, furniture and tools 
of immigrants, silver and gold, coined, in dust, or in bars: plants, railway and 
tramway materials, locomotives, car-wheels, iron pipes for gas and water, of 
at least 75 millimetres diameter; quicksilver, sand, and gravel, shooks and 
cask frames of more than two kilograms, special mining powder, drilling raa» 
ehiues, church ornaments, or for purposes of religious worship, sulphur, booki^ 
and seiiool stationery; at request of boards of education, seeds for agrienUQfiW 



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COIIMBBCB. aDl 

f P<c ii k !» for oaring sheep-fcalH wooden casks, materialg lor preparing meats 
lor export, and all articles excepted by special lav78. 

By a sapplemental la\7 thcr3 u a duty of 1 per cent additional to ike rates 
alK>TC speciHed on all imported orvicles. 

The govemmont resolved to revise the tariff of valnatioos. 

Port charges at Ilosarlo.~Pllotag3 from Montovide9, 8 ounces or donbloons» 
fbr vessels drawing Ij fc3t or I2SS, and from 8 to 12 doubloons for those draw- 
ing overl5f3et Light dues, */i real per ton. Port dues on vessels entering 
Rosarlo, 5 BolivIa.i pesos (7a cents each peso) per vessel of 130 tons, and 10 
Bolivian pesos for those over 103 tons; tho lamo on clearing, if loaded. 8tamp 
on tho crow list, 2 reales: ditto on elearauco paper, 4 rcalej; ditto on the manf- 
fcst,0 reales. Private charges :— Ballast, 1 boliviano per ton, lightered along* 
■ido, but if tho vessel caa go alonarsido tho eaadbank, she can tako in ail the 
DoUast sho needs free of charge; beef 2^ to a cents per pound; other supplies 
can bo obtained at moderate prices; commissions on charters, 2>^ to 5 per 
cent Vessels consigned to foreigners are generally charged 2 uouoloons for 
entry fee, besides tho address commissions. At San Nicol&s a vessel of 
about 210 tons, which receives a cargo, will pay about fl&O, including pilot- 
ago. Labor per day is |1.2j in gold. 

Urasoay.— Tlie commercial relations of this republic with the 
United States are on the footing of cc^uality with that of the 
most favored countries. American ships are not subject in 
trm:^ayan ports to other restrictions than are common to the 
most favored nation. Uruguayan vessels have tho samo privi- 
leges in ports cf tho United States. Great Britain and France 
hav3 treaties with Uruguay baeed on tho princlplo of reciprocity. 

Port charges at Montovidoo :— Pil jta;^e ia a matter of agreement^ 
bdng from *50 to $100 from the mouth of the river for large ships. 
Tho (Ihargo tor harbor pilotago ia small. Vessels are required to 
^nploy pi^ts. Ships calling at Montevideo for orders, if ordered 
to Buenos Aires,, must tako a Montsvidcan pilot to point Indio, 
paying, if drawing under 21 feet, $6 per foot ; if over 21 feet, (7.50 
per foot; at point Indio, an Arprentino pilot, paying (9 per foot to 
Bnonoa Aires. . Pilotage being in all cases compulsory, if a vessel 
bound to Montevideo direct, on being spoken at the mouth of the 
river by a pilot-bo:it, r3fus3S to take a pilot, she is compelled to 
pay half-tariff. Vessels bound up the Uruguay river make their 
tenns, and choose their own pilots. Anchorage dues : — ^Tonnage 
from beyond sea, for a foreign vessel, 3 reales ; for a national one, 
2 reales. During loadmg and unloading, all vessels pay $1 per 
day. Pratique with pilot, a foreign vessel, $3; a national one, |2. 
B<mt for all, $2. Pratiques without pilot, a foreign vessel, $4 ; a 
national one, $2. National and foreign vessels neither discharg- 
ing nor taking cargo, and not remaining more than 6 days, pay 
nothing; those staying in the harbor more than days pay one- 
third the tonnage dues. Port dues :— Ten cents per ton on vef sels 
coming from sea; and 4 cents on those regularly trading to Monte- 
videa Li^lit dues : — ^Four cants psr ton on every vessel from or 
to places outsido tho capes. Hospital dues :— Uruguayan and for- 
eign vessels sailing for a foreign pert, beyond sea, or on the La 
Plata river, pay $2 for tho vessel, 4 reales for the captain, 2 reales 
(or each seaman, $1 for each passenger. Private charges :— Bal- 
last, sand, 75 cents to $1 per ton ; stone, $2 or more per ton. 
Labor: — Discharging coal, costs about 40 cents per ton. The ex- 
penses of a ship, of about 1,700 tons, discharging coal at Monte* 
video, will be about $1,500. Commissions :—Cdlecting freight^ 



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302 SPANIBH-AMEBICAN MANUAL. 

8K per cent; providing freight, 5 per cent. On diBbarsements, 
2>§ per cent, besides interest and insurance, where the merchltnt 
makes advances. 

Port charges at Paysandd :— FilotiM;e from Montevideo, fCO to 
$100; harbor dues have been abolished; light dues, 15>^ cents per 
ton register; custom hous3 charges, opening and closing register, 
etc., for versels under 2G0ton8 register. $24 ; 200 to 500 tons regis- 
ter, f 45 ; 500 tons register and upwards, $60 ; notaries, $4.80; bill 
of health, (4; stamps $4 to |5. Vessels loading outwards pay the 
samo. A foreign vessel of 200 tons will probably pay $70 to $80, 
besides pilotage. 

Cnitomi Tmrtff of Uminisy. 

Articles pftyiog a duty of ^1 J>^f jcent. od «aloi;em.--Bmndy 



Amcies pftyiDg aaniy ox oi per ceni. aa vaforem.— ismnay; lennentea oever* 
ages; liquors of all kinds; tobacco, cigars and cigarettes; playing caidfi;Mr- 
fumery; arms; powder and ammunition; cognac; beer; cider; cliccse; butW: 
bams; preserred meats; preserves in bottles and flasks; curried ieatlieriOf 



shoes; fog aignals. 

Articles pa: * 
casks or bottl 



paying a duty of 47 per cent ad ratorem.— Wines of att klnd% to 

ottles; shoes of all kinds; ready-made clothing and mnde-up ITOOJfi 

not otherwise mentioned; hats; furniture; carriages; harness: drugsr^taflal^ 
Articles paying a duty of 43 per cent ad votorem.— Biscuits of all kiodi; 
chocolate; candles of wax or composition; caudles, tallow; candles, ■^Muriiiip: 
matches of all kinds : st arch ; vermicelli ; sweetm eats. 

Articles paying a duty of 41 per cent ad vatorem.— Tobacco, In the leaf ^nd 
cut 

Articles paying a duty of 81 per cent od valoreia.— Tissues of pare cot^on^ 
Tiz., niadapolam, calico, madras, neckerchiefs, striped cloths, print9i oam* 
brie, glazed lining, etc. 

Articles rayinff a duty of 20 per cent ad valorem.— Wood of all kinds in tbt 
rough; iron in plates, bnrs and ingots; steel in bars or plates; copper and 
bronzo in ingots; zi no in sheets and ingots; lead in bars, sheets or ingots; (rcsa 
fruits; flics for roofine and flooring; plaiu tiles; ramnn cement: resin or pltoh) 
charcoal and firewood; mercury; tin; tale; plaster; tar; jute cloth in pleoQft 
ropes and twines lets than half an inch in tniekncss. 
Articles paying a duty of 12 i>er cent, ad vatorem.— Potatoes. 
Articles paying n duty of 8 per rent ad ratorem.— Wire fencing of iron: 
threshing machines for maize; ploughs; reapers and knives for reapers; steam 
machinery for ships or manufaetories of more than 1 li.-p.; printed books, 
Stitched; printing and llthograpbio machinery or presnes; printing type; 
white paper for journals: lithographic paper in reams of from 87 to M centi- 
metres; printin.*? ink: soda; hops; paftVon; flower, clover and vegetablo seeds; 
jewels; silver, manuiactured; watches; acids— sulphuric, nitric, chloric, po^ 
ash; agricultural implements; machinery intended for uso in agricnilure, 
railwavsand manufactures; casks and cases; phosphorus in sticks; bark for 
currying; quebracho wood, in pieces less than 1 metre, intended for making 
saw-dust; hemp; dvewood; sewing machines; empty flasks; bottles of black 
^[ass; empty match boxes. 

Articles paying a duty of 6 per cent ad rotorfm.— Books printed in natlre 
languages; charts and geographical globes; scientific instruments; coal; sea 
or rock salt; precious stones, not mounted. 
Wheat will pay a specific duty in proportion to its market price, as foUowi: 
1.25 dollars per 100 kilogs. when sold at 4.00 dollars. 
1.C0 " " " 4.01to5.C0 " 

0.75 " •* " 6.01 •• fi.CO •« 

0.23 •• *• " 6.01 " 7.00 •• 

0.125 '• •• " 7.01 "8.00 •• 

Duty free when sold at more than 8 dollars. 

Maize will abio pay a specific duty In proportion to its market price, at fol- 
lows: 

0.73 dollars per 100 kilogs. when sold at 2.09 doUan. 
0X0 " " •• Z01to3.00 " 

a40 ** " •* 8.01 •• 4.00 " 

0.20 •* •• •• 4.01 " 6.00 " 



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COMMKBCE. ^n 

^ Wheat flour wiUpaj an a(f«afor«iiidnt7 aoooiding to the market pilea of 
Wtumi, as follows: 

82H par cent when wheat is sold at 2.49 to 8.20 dollara. 
27H •• •* 8.21 •• 4.00 " 

22({ •« " 4.01 •* 4.80 " 

VH " " 4.81 ** 6.60 " 

15 •* •• 6.61 " 6.40 " 

12W •• •« 6.41 " 7.20 " 

lOlJ •« «• 7.20 *• 8.0D •• 

7>J " «' aoi and above. 

The following articles are admitted free of dnty : Articles used for the imi^ 
poso of religious worship at the request of ecclesiastical authorities; ortfclas 
intended for the use of diplomatic agents of those countries in which tho rep- 
resentatives of Uru^nay enjoy tho same privilege; steamships imported In 
detached parts, to bo put together in the country; gold and silver in bars or 
powder; sneep dip; living plants; live animals; personal effQCts;hand tools; 
materials intended for tho construction of ships. 
All other articles are liable to an import duty of 80^ per cent, ad vcUorem, 

Under tho existing treaty batwoen tho United States and Para- 
goay, concluded in 1860, vessels of tho formor aro entitled to the 
freo navigation of the raragnay river, i;vith tho farther privilege of 
di3char^g their 'carg03S. or portions thereof, at Pilar, {oO miles 
below the Paraguajr, ) or of prooeading to Asuncion. American ves- 
sels have all the privileges granted to the most favored nation, and 
thoir port charges, as well as tho dutiea on their cargoes, are the 
samo as those paid for Paraguayan vessels and theur cargoes. 

By the treaty of 1851, between the United fcitates and Perd, the 
twogovemments mutually a^eedl hat there should be reciprocal 
freedom of trado and navigation between their respDctivo territories 
and citizens. Tho slipalations aro to tho following effect: No 
higher or other duties or charges for tonnage, light-house, or harbor 
dues, pi!otag3, quarantine, salvage, etc., shall be levied on United 
StateJ or I*eruvian vessels of 200 tons or upwards, than aro payable 
in tho ports of tho other contracting party on her national vessels 
of tho same tonnage. The coasting trado is reserved by each 
county for vessels of its own flag. Imports in United States or 
Peruvian vessels at tho ports cf either nation, are subject to the 
same duties as similar imports in national vessels, and if of tho 
products or manufactures of one or the other contracting parties, 
tho duty is to bo no hiorher than that imposed on tho products or 
manufactures of any other nation. There is a liko equality regard- 
ing exports. Tho port and custom house regulations aro nearly 
tho same as those enforced elsewhere, and aro intended to pre- 
serve order, promote good health, and prevent smuggling. Under 
a law of 18S0, all invoices of goods shipped to Peril muctbo verified 
by Peruvian consuls abroad. Such invoices must conform vwith 
tho manifest of the vessel conveying them ; if they do not, an extra 
duty of 25 per cent, will be levied on them ; if the goods are duty- 
free, the 25 per cent, will bo collected on their value. Moreover, 
the commander of the ship will bo fined from $103 to $1,000, unless 
ho can prove that he had no participation in the infringement of 
the law. 

The following aro the expenses of a resscl at Callao:— Official chargret: 
Wharfage, 12 cents per register ton every time that a ship enters tho port, and 
t5 cents per ton, weight or measurement, on all cargo discharged or embarked. 
Tonnage dues: 25 cents, silver, per register ton, paid every six montha Light 



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m^ 



BPANI8H-AM£RICAK MANOAL. 



tftiM: 1^- cents per register ton, every time the vesi^l enters the |K>rt. flofi* 
pitul dues: 4 cents per register ton every six months. Private charges: dn- 
charging coal and heavycargolsusnally atthera'.«of 4j tons per day; lum- 
ber, auno rate of 2c>,0C0 feet per day. A charge of 75 cents per ton weight or 
measurement 1^ made on aU cargo discharged or embarked, and is paid by the 
vessel. All vessels of over 10 tons burden, must load or dischai^ nt tbo dock. 
Ballast: 12 soles per lighter of 12 tons. Commissions : Consignees colloct from 
each ship arriving with cargo, the port charges of loO soles; forrecovering the 
inward freight, 2}^ per cent, and on the outward, 5 per cent. Repairing: The 
dock company, wdose iron floating dock can take up the largest ships, has 
establishoa the following schedule for sailing vessels: Ist day* 60 cegatspet 
register ton; the four following days, 25 cents per ton; each subsequantdair, 
25 cents per ton; for steamers and war vessels, the first day, nothing; the four 
following days, 75 cents per ton ; each subsequent day, 60 cents per ton. Vea- 
selsarc s::ripped, caulked, and re-metalled for 1}^ soles per sheet, whicli. in- 
cliides dock dues and all materials. Spars and timber are very costly. .Cai 
-penters' wages are from 2 to 5 soles per day, and common laborers' from 1 to 2 
soles per day. Water is worth |2.4:) per ton ; coal, from { 10 to {20 per ton; . oiBca- 
sionally a little lower. The following figures indicate what the expenses are 
likely to be for 2 foreign vessel of a given tonnage at the ports hcreiimnder 
named: At Ancon, a ship of about 1,200 tons, engaged in her qpcrationa 88 
days. $1,430; at Mollendo, a ship of 1,100 tons, which discharged coal, about 
11,700, including cost of ballast, which is high and difficult to obtain ; ot Payta, 
a ship of 1,100 tons, which loads with guano, and calls at Payta for her clear- 
ance, and fitting out, will incur an expense of ^9oO to U/OOO; at PabcUon de 
Pica, a ship of 1,510 tons, which lay at the place 8^ months, loading 2,250 tons 
x>f guano, had expenses ( ip eluding (1^0 for official fees, and |804 for wages ad- 
vanced to the crew) of C2,196; at Pisagua, a vessel of 800 tons, loadinisr nitrate, 
incurs expenses amounting to some U65; at Pisco, a ship of 14OO tons, which 
discharges in the port, will probably hove to pay about vl.7o0. 
« Alawof June 2d. 1885, provided that the so-called Inca notes of 95, and the 
^>00 treasury notes should be received In full payment of the 10-per contr eztoa 
duty, and for 20 per cent of the duties to oe collected at Moilenda The 
decrco was revoked on February 26th, 1886. But under a decree of March iBt, 
1886. duties to be defrayed at Callao may be in silver dollars, or in bills on 
banks in Callao and London. Owing to fluctuations and depreciations of the 
silver curreucy circulating in Pcrd, it was decided to use the American gold 
dollar as the basis of monetary transactions, using the silver dollar aft the 
- value of 80 cents gold for all fractions under a quarter of an eagle (|2>^. 

The following are the rates of customs duties le^ed on the following •rCt<fiea 
imported into Peru:— 

Articles paying an ad valorem duty of 10 per cent.:— Cocoanut and palm oU: 
ateel in plates or bars; animals, living or dead; printed advcrJsemont3: medical 
almanacs; quicksilver; naval stores; dried peas; oats; sperm and seal oil; nee- 
dles for sewing machines; grooving planes^pincers; rivets; adzes; colsa oU; 
sulphuric acid; tar and pitch; steam pumps; ice; fire engines; ships' vam58h; 
trowels and shovels; augers; gimlets; kegs; carpenters* braces and bits,bn; 
n sheis; casks; rope; wool or cotton combs; brushes; shoemakers' wax; chisels; 
coopers' and carpenters' knives; copper in leaves, bars, pipes; copybooks lor 
~ schools; memorandum books; newspapers; barley, green or parched; corks for 
bottles; Roman cement; bolts for ships; cocoanuts and nuts, termed Guayaquil 
and Panamd nuts; iron knees; cane and Guayaquil logs; rye; salt meat; ani- 
mal charcoal; coals and charcoal: •• Charqui " (dried meat); screw-driveni; dia- 
monds for cuttingglass; diamantine; shoemakers' tools; staves; vises; squor^s; 
tow for caulking; boats; emery; blades for planes; tools for moulding; tools for 
punching; tools for soldering; pig iron; felt, tarred or otherwise, for lining; 
vessels and boilers; iron poles; detonator for mines; dried beans: long and 
short planes; gauges; gouges; sand cloth; miners' fuses; iron wire; blades fi^r 
hand-saws; tin in plates; eggs; tools and imi;>lemcnts used in agricultute, 
mining, trade and industrv; surgical, mathematical, scientiflo and other In- 
struments; shins' tackle; files, fire and building bricks; books, excenting mis- 
sals and devotionalor other works with ornamental bindings and clasps; lea^ 
tils; veg3tables, fresh or dried; hops; composite metal plates forahcathliur 
vessels; hammers: wooden measures; carpenters' mouldings; steam engines for 
agricultural, mining and industrial purposes; sewing machines; lei^els; gold 
and BilvcT. manufactured (including Jewellery, mounted or not); straw for 
bats and brooms; gold and silver lace; chenille, spangles, beads, lM>rde«, 
frliure, tassels, scutcheons, tufti, etc.; resin: mill-stones for sugar «nd other 
nilJt; ilthogtapheri' stones and minerals: lithographic and printing f 



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ooBaoBsoB. 205 

carpenters', shoemalEen' 
paper: watches; hand and 
» boiling); tin and copper 
ill boards for ornamenting 
Lers and purifying wines; 

-Linseed oil, raw or boiled: 
or wine, beer, liquors and 
; nails, wire, iron, or sine, 
toppers for bottles; horse 
dinary or fine for inlaying 
ugated and galvanized; 
illoying; train oil; ginger 
ble in slabs, HnpoUshed; 
16 kilos, weight; ordinaij 
tanners. 

Ii goods as iirevlouly paid 
m, linen, woollen and silk 
id bronze, cutlery, leather. 
7, ornaments of Iron «nd 

- ,- -. ,- h goods as previously paid 

50 per cent The principal of these are ready-made clothing, furniture, and 
patent medicines, etc. (excepting copper in plates). 
Sixty-five per cent ad valorem is levied on such goods as previously paid 70 
Br cent The principal of these are buscuits, cheese, spirits, beers, wines, etc. 



Flour now pays a specific duty of 8J^ cents (silver) per kilo, com 1 cent per 
&ilo, opium 2 soles per kilo; petroleum 6 cents per liter; beer in bottles 1 sole 
80 centis per dozen. 



Gold and silver in bars or coined is free of import duty, also paper for news- 
papers, not hot pressed, maps and geographical globes. 

ChilL— Under the treaty of 1834— stUl in force— with her and the 
United States, vesselB of the former are placed at the ports of 
l^e latter on the same footing with those of the most favored na- 
tion, and vice versa. Vessels of either country driven by stress of 
weather into the ports of the other are protected and favored in 
every respect. Imports, the produce or manufacture of any coun- 
try — ^not forbidden to be imported — are subject to the same duties, 
charges, and fees, under the flag of the United States, or that of 
Chili, at the ports of the other, as when imported by vessels of the 
most favored nation. Citizens and merchants of either country 
can reside within the territory of the other, and manage for them- 
selves their commercial affairs. All favors granted by Chili, sub- 
sequent to the date of that treaty to other nations, are al^o to be 
enjoyed by citizens and vessels of the United States, and vice versa. 
The government of Chili, on the 31st of October, 1850, notified that 
of the United States that no other, or higher duties would be levied 
on vessels of the United States, no matter whence they came or of 
. what origin might be their cargoes, than were levied on national 
' vessels under like circumstances. Vessels from foreign ports en- 
tering ports not open by law to foreign trade, are liable to confis- 
cation. Coasting trade is reserved for vessels under the national 
flag ; but foreign ships are permitted to discharge their inward car- 
goes in more than one port, and load outward in the same 
manner. 

No communication is allowed from a vessel with the shore nntU she haa 
been visited by the health officer and custom house authorities. The master 
must produce his general manifest or biU of lading, and a list of his storosL 
Twen^-foor houza are allowed for the correction of enon, after the t — '~ 
tion of which heavy fines are imposed. 28 



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206 BPANISH-AMBRICAM MANUAL. 

The following law, sanctioned by the Chilian congreea, went into 
effoct in September, 1877. The following clauses a£fect foreign 
commerce, namely: 

No vessel shall sail for a foreign port without having been sur- 
veyed to insure that she is seaworthy. If she is under a foreign 
flag, her consul's permission to sail must bo first obtained. Ves- 
sels engaged in the coasting trade must be surveyed -^ if sailing 
vessels, once every year; if steamers, once eveir six months. 
Bills of health are. not to be issued to any master of a vessel who 
fails to produce the list of the crew sigued, if a Chilian vessel, by 
the proper maritime authority, and if a foreign vessel by her con- 
sul. Any vessel whose cargo is badly stowed, may be detained ; 
the same rule applies to any vessel of which thera is reason to fear 
a disaster. Any Chilian master attempting to proceed to sea con- 
trary to the orders of the maritime authority, will incur the penalty 
of imprisonment (presidio mayor en su grado mfnimo), and in fu- 
ture be disqualified from holding an officer's position in the na- 
tional marine. 

CaptAlns, on arrival, mnst deliver to the maritime authority, under a re- 
ceipt at the time of the first visit, all correspondence or printed matter on 
board the ship from the coast, or from abroad, for places in the republic, 
excepting only such as may be addressed to his consignees, provided the 
weight thereof does not exceed 150 grams. Other employes and passengers 
are bound by the samorules. Violationsof these rules will make their authors 
amenable to severe pecuiary penalties. Pratique will be allowed to no vessel 
until these rules have been complied with. Vessels, whether propelled by sails 
or steam, must not receive onboard more passengers than they can conven- 
iently accommodate. Maritime authorities areempowered to detain vessels 
failing to comply with this regulation. No merchant vessel shall carry passen- 
gers on deck, either to ports in Chili, or abroad, if there be not placed over them 
at a proper height, an awning or covering of boards or canvass, water-tight, and 
sufficient to protect them from bad weather. Buch passengers, in default of 
an especial agreement, must be allowed rations similar to those dealt to the 
seamen of the Chilian navy. Vessels on arriving at Valparaiso are directed 
by the captain of the port where to cast anchor. They must not move from 
one place to another without permission, unless in case of danger. Vessels 
moor in Valparaiso with head to the north, and three anchors with 270 fathoms 
of bow-chain are required, two-thirds used forward, and one-third aft. From 
May to August these precautions are absolutely necessary for safety. The 
expense of mooring is from |2 to |4 per day. AU vessels coming to Chilian 
ports are required to pay hospital dues at the rate of 10 cents per register ton, 
which covers the use of other ports in the same year; but if one or more ports 
are used after December, then the vessel must pay 10 cents per ton in addition. 
Light dues are levied on vessels arriving with cargo from foreign ports, pro- 
vided they discharge at least 50 packages of merchandise, or 50 tons of coal, 
etc. If less than 50 packages or tons, the charge is only 25 cents per package 
or ton. Pilotage is not compulsory. The rates vary in Valparaiso from |0 for 
a vessel of 200 to 800 tons, to |21 for one of 800 to 900 tons, and |28 for one of 
over 000 to 1,000 tons and upward. The towage in and out of port is from |2D 
to 160, according to size. For mooring a vessel the charge is 10 cents per regis- 
ter ton. Merchants' commissions are as follows: For collecting the inward 
freight, 2U per cent.; on the vessel's disbursements, 2}4 per cent.; for procur- 
ing a charter or freight, 5 per cent; on sales of goods, o per cent. Especial 
charges at other Chilian ports are as follows; At Coquimbo, pilotage varies 
from 15 for a vessel of 100 tons, |21 for one of 800 to 1,000 tons, to |25 for all 
larger ships, besides |3 for a mooring launch, if required. The port agent's fee 
is |25; the merchants' commissions are the same as at Valparaiso. Ballast 
costs 75 cents per ton alongside the ship. At Constitucion: Pilotage, |4 to |6 
inward and outward; mooring, |4; unmooring and launch hire, |4; bill of 
health. 15; towage, 20 cents per ton; landing ballast, 25 cents per ton. Watpr 
costs 12.50 per ton; laborers'^ wages, fl per day. The agent, for entering and 
clearing a vessel, charges from 110 to 120, according to size. At Caldera, the pi- 
lotage of a vessel measuring 1,000 tons, is |15 Inward, and |10 outward. The 



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COMMERCE. 207 

expenses of an American ship of 1.200 tons, which loads a cargo of coal, wonld 
be about |1,200. At Talcahuano : Pilotage Is not compulsory ; the charge Is |12 
per vessel employing a pilot Other charges are ; Landing ballast, 80 U>40 cents 
per ton; use of bags, 6 to 7 cents apiece; brokers' fee, |50; merchants' commis- 
sions are the same at all ports as i n Valparaiso. At Mejlllones the expenditure 
of a ship of 1,280 tons may be about 1650. 

In continuation Is given the tariff of duties on imports. It will be seen 
that on some articles a Bi)eciflc duty is levied; on others a certain percentage 
upon a fixed valuation; and again on others a certain rate upon the appraise- 
ment that will be made by the customs authorities at the time the goods are 
entered for consumption. In addition to the rates specified in the tsiTittj 
there will be, from and after the first of January, 1889, an extra charge of 60 
percent. 

Cnstoms Tariff of Cliili. 

Pesoas4B2d. Kilogram=:2.204 lbs. avoirdupois. Metre=1.094 yards. 

ABncLKs, ETC. Valuation. Duty. 

Pesos Centos 

Beads and other small ornaments of glass » * 85 p.c. ad vol. 

Fans of all kinds « « — "^ «• 

Glove stretchers: 

Of wood JDozen. 8.00 25 p.c. ad vol. 

Of bone or ivory " 18.00 " 

Oil of every kind — 

OUves, preserved in oil or salt j ^"^8^' ^"^-^^ZZ oM\ 

Chicory, eround, gross weight ....."Kiiogf. 0.20 " 

Achiote (drug in bottles or packets), including the pack- 
age :. Kilog. 1.60 ** 

Alcohol in bottles or ordinary flasks (specific duty) 
Dozen. 10.00 Dos. 4.00 

Alcohol in other receptacles (specific duty) Litre 0.7.0 Litre. 0.42 

Albums of all kinds » ~ 85 p.o. ad val. 

Damask cloth, of white cotton for napkins, serviettes, 
etc., including the paper packing ...« ...« .Kilog. LOO 25 p.c. ad val. 

Damask cloth, of white linen, etc ** 2.40 85 p.c. ad val. 

Damask cloth, of linen, etc., superior • •• 

Carpeting: 
Carpets for use in churches, of velvet, with or without 

mixture of cotton, hemp or Jute, net weight ... .Kilog. 8.25 " 

Carpets, of velvet damask, with or without mixture 

of cotton, hemp or jute, net weight Kilog. 2.25 ** 

Carpet, of fur ».Eacn. 8,00 ** 

For floors, fine ~ «* • u 

Cotton: 

In the seed, gross weight Kilog. 0.18 Free 

Raw, out of the seed, gross weight " 0.88 " 

Prepared for lining garments, net, weight Kilog. 0.75 25 p.c ad vat. 

Do. with raw silk " 8.00 

Almonds, unshelled, in wooden packages, gross weight, 
Kilog. 0.28 85 p.c. ad vol. 

Almonds, shelled, in packages of wood, faience, tin, or 
iron. Including the package Kilog. 0.65 " 

Starch, gross weight .« " 0.12 25 p.c. od vol. 

Canary seed, gross weight " 0.08 " 

Tar, common, gross weight « '* 0.05 Free. 

Alpaca: 
Common, of wool and cotton, plain, up to 28 threads 

in the warn and woof — 25 p.o. ad vaL 

Do. up to 83 threads for each centimetre of width 
Do. up to 87 threads for each each centimetre of width — " 
Do. up to 40 threads for each centimetre of width 
Of wool or cotton, colored, plain, superior to the pre- 
ceding • •* 

Do. figured or twilled • • •• 

Strong, black, of wool and cotton, for women's 

dresses „ — •* 

Do. sux)erior. — *• 

•Tho value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspectlo'* 

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208 



SPANISH-AMERICAN MANUAL. 



AEnCLBfl, STC. 

Bitten, In flttdu or bottles, noss weight... 

ADChoYy paste, gross weight. .., 

Animals, living.. 



Packing-cloth, common sack-cloth of hemp, plain or 
twilled, gross weight....^.. w.. ....Kilog. 

Bice: 
In the hosk, gross weight....................................... *' 

Gronnd ...« " 

Dried peas in wooden boxes, gross weight ............... '* 

Razor strops ^ » Dosen. 

Asbestos, whole or ground, gross weight................ Kilog. 

Table mats » 

Hazel-nuts, Hnshelled, in wooden boxes, gross weight 
Klloi 



VALUATioy. Durr. 
Pa.Cs. 
..Ellog. 0.40 86p.C.a(f«ilL 
_ " 0.60 " 

Free. Free. 



Oats, gross weight... 

Mercury.............. 

Bufrar: 



llog. 



0.80 16p.c.ac{«aL 

0.09 25p.c. ddvoL 

0.25 " 

0.07 " 

4.00 " 

0.06 Free. 

— 26 p.c. advaL 

0.12 9&p.9.adwd, 

0.06 Free. 

LOO " 



28.00 85p.c. Otftxa. 

18.60 " 

14.00 " 

10.60 •• 

16.20 " 

18.60 •• 

10.60 •• 

8.70 - 

~ "25 puO«.CMl«al, 



0.10 
0.12 
0.16 

0.14 
0.18 
0.24 

0.20 
0.26 
a80 
0.10 

a60 

LOO 
2.60 

2.00 



26 piC« OiLiflL 



0.02 
0.01 
8.76 
6.25 
7.00 



1.60 
1.20 



0.18 



*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMiaBRCB. 209 

Asncus, BTC. VAX^ATioy. Dorr. 

PI.CI. 

llow In MrthiiiTaieSfgroM weight ^ ^^^KQog OJO 25p.o.«dfial, 

Do. or copper or bronse water, for deuisiiig oarriagei 

and harness, in ordinary hottleB....».....».....«^ Dozen. 2.00 '* 

Bank notes, coupons, etc....... Kilog. 16.00 ** 

iTory billiard CMilla or imitations of the same, net 

weight ^ «.Kilog. 20.00 86p.e. fldfvl. 

Balls of stone, in wooden cases, gross weight. '* 0.10 ** 

Do. of marble, porcelain or glass, in wooden cases,_gios8 

weight ^ ^ ^ ....miog, a2r •• 

DOb ox faience or composition, in wooden ca8e8,gross 

weight .^........ »^ JUlog. 0l27 ttpwO. (Ml«aL 

Bags, of paper, for packing...... " Ol80 ** 

Do. with imitation silver or gilt, common, printed or 

not, for envelopes.........,...^...^ ....Kilog. LOO ** 

Do. of Tarnished material (satchels), with cardboard in- 
side, haying metal.threads, common, up to 80 centi- 
metres in width ..........Dozen. &00 " 

Do. of waxed doth (satchels), common, up to 80 centl- 

netres wlde..M.............M«.....MM.. M...M.MM«...M.Doaen. fluOO •• 

Do. other kinds ^ ..«.«. • - 

' arholden.. 



^. 



...ne botUes, for llquois or other beverages, gross 

weight»..................T....................» .Kilog. OlOS IBpx. fldtvL 

flteiiie water bottles, from 20 to 80 centimetres high, 

.........Dozen. 6.00 25p.e. aiwA 

BtttUms of all kinds, not otherwise distingnished — *' 

linen doth, white or unbleached (for bed clothes), in- 

duding the paper wrappers. .». ^..........Kilog. 2.00 ** 

Do. with mixffie of cotton "LOO •« 

linen cloth, with or without mixture of cotton or Jute, 

bleached or not, for hosiery, including the paper 

wmppers....^................. Kilog. LOO ** 

Woven tissues, embroidered with gold or silver, braided, 

figured, ornamented with silver, with or without gild- 
ing, Induding the paper wrappers „^ ....Kilog. 100.00 15 p.0. ad wL 

Do. da with copper, ordinary quality, including the 

paper wrappers......»......».....»...............««..... Kilog. 6.00 85p.e.ac{f«t 

Do. do. superior, with copper, gilt, or silvered, including 

the paper wrappers...................M....................«......Kilog. 1400 ** 

Pitch lor vessels............... ...............»...;............ .........Kilog. 0.08 Free. 

Brushes for shaving, common...................»...........J)ozen. 2.50 25 p.e. ad vaL 

Dasuperior^................................. «« • «« 

Da for copying presses.............................. " 8.00 ** 

Da of hair, wlm ferrules of bronze or copper, for nalnt- 

lng...M..........». ..............MMM«...Dozen. 4.00 15p.a fldviiL 

Da of hair or esparto, with ferrule of hemp or metallic 

thread ...«. Dozen. 2.00 " 

Da large, for marbUng - " 10.00 •* 

Da of hair, flat, with ferrule of tin, up to 7 centimetre! 

wide, for varnishing ...Dozen. 2.60 ** 

Da flat, for whitewashing.............^...............^....... ** 8.60 ** 

Da for tarring " 400 •• 

Human hair, not exceeding 60 centimetres in length, xnt- 

prepared....'.................... .M.....MM.MMJQlog. 12.00 85 p.c. ck( voC 

Da exceeding 60 centimetres in length..................... *- 20.00 *' 

Da of every lEind prepared «. " • " 

Cocoa, with or without bark, or in the stalk, gross 

weight............ »...KilQg. 0.20 25p.c. advoL 

Do. in powder, including the paper wrappers. » *' 0.40 '* 

<}old watch chains, withouf ornaments of predous 

stones...».....»..«..»...........».........»........»...............Kilog; 700.00 15p.c. od vol. 

Cofllee.......^.................. ..................................... '* 0.40 OilS cents per 

kilogram. 
Tearcaddies, of Chinese wood, varnished or gilded, from 

15 to 25 centimetres wide.......................................Bach 2.00 25 p.c. ad vol. 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 
Mamual. 14 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



210 6PANI8H-AM£BICAM MANUAL. 

ABnCLS8,STG. VALUAnOM. DOTT. 

Ps. Cs. 

Da up to 80 centimetres wide ^.JBach 8.00 25 p.o. md mL 

Do. exceeding 80 centimetres in width. .. <« • « 

Boxes, of Chinese wood or cardboard, varnished or irtld- 
ed, forshawls, handkerchiefs, or cloaks................Each 6.00 " 

Boxes for confectionery and bonbona.......M...... « • m 

Boots and shoes:— 
Men's boots, of calf skin, common....-................Doxen 48,00 ** 

Do. of varnished leather, common.........^............ ** 72.00 " 

Of calfs skin, for sailors......... — .............................. — •• 

Wellington boots, of varnished or calf-skin leather or 

canvas cloth.........^.................^.. Pair from 1.50 to 6.50 ** 

Women's boots and shoes, of leather or woollen materi- 
al, or mixed with cotton, exceeding 14 centimetres in 
height, measuring from the top of the sole to the top 

of the uppers......^...^....... Dozen from 16.00 to 42.00 ** 

Do. boots, of silk or of silk mixed with cotton, com- 

mon......... ..» ..Dozen M.00 ** 

Do. superior........................... " 62.00 •• 

Children's boots and shoes, of silk or of silk mixed 
with cotton, with less than 22 centimetres of sole 

.«^.......................... ..............Dozen from 22.00 to 86.00 86p.e. ii4 fOL 

DOb boots and shoes of leather, linen-cloth, wool, or of 
mixture of cotton, with from 16 to 22 centimetres of 

80le.............................» Dozen from 10.00 to 18.00 *" 

Do. boots and shoes of leatiier or wool, mixed or i^ot 

with cotton up to 14 centimetres of sole 

^ Dozen from 4.00 to 6.00 " 

Women's boots and shoes of leather or wool, with or 
without mixture of cotton, the uppers not exceeding 

14 centimetres in length.... Dozen from 12.00 to 80.00 ** 

Do. of cotton tissue Dozen 8.00 " 

Hen's boots of cal f , shagreen, kid, or varnished leather — 26 p.Q. ad voL 
Hen's spatterdashes of leather, cloth, or other materi- 
al, without soles Dozen 10.00 ** 

Babies* gaiters « « — " 

Uppers of calf, morocco, and shagreen «... — " 

.Cuttings ofvamished leather, kid, or tafllet for wom- 
en's Mioes....... Dozen 8.C0 to 12.00 '* 

Do. of kid, varnished leather, or morocco sewn, for 

men's boots Dozen IS.OOto 18.00 " 

Cut clothwork and clippings of tafilct or any other 

skin used for lining boots ,Dozen L26 '* 

Slippers and pumps of every kind...... — 85p.c. odwaL 

Boots and shoes not otherwise mentioned.. — *' 

Glogsof every kind — " 

Mushrooms, dried including Jars Kilog. 0.75 26 p.c. advak 

Baskets, for clothes, up to 112centimetres high, i>er three 

baskets Kilog. 6.00 85 p.c. od vol. 

Cinnamon »„. Kilog. 0.80 to 1.00 26 p.c. od vdL 

Hemp, raw « Kilog. 0.10 Free 

Guayaquil bamboos Hundred 50.00 15 p.c. od vol. 

Caramel, liquid, for coloring brandy Litre 50 25 p.c. ad vdL 

Coal, mineral (ton of 10 metric quintals).. Ton 8.00 Free. 

Charcoal for crayons Gross 0.75 25 p.o. advoL 

Tortoise-shell, manufactured, without Incrustation or 

ornamentation in relief Kilog. 70.00 85 p.c. ad voL 

TOrtoise-shell, manufactured, with incrustation or re- 

Uef „ Kilog. 100.00 

Bacon or beef, salted » ** 0.12 25 p.c. ad wiL 

Carriages * 85 p.c. ad vaL 

Geographical and topographical charts and plans Free. Free. 

Cardboard: 

Common, grey, gross weight ....Kilog. 0.r8 25 p.c ad vaL 

Tarred, for roofs, gross weight. «««.«.....«« ** 0.09 *• 

Fine, for photographs.^ -. " 0.80 *• 

•Tlie value to be fixed by the authorities after the custovs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMKBOB. 211 

ABncura, ETC Valuation. Duty. 

Ctrdboard: Pb. Cb. 

Fine and aeml-flne for diawingi and portraits...-..Kilog 0.60 25p.o.cK(foJL 

Perforated, for emlnoidery .«......^ •• HO " 

Cashmere: 

Of wool and eotton, common, plain, from 60 to 75 cen- 
timetres wide Metre 0.40 *• 

Do. doable width „.. •• 0.80 •* 

Of wool and cotton, snperlor, from 60 to 75 centimetres 

wide Metre 0.50 •• 

Da doable width " L» •• 

Of wool-waste, figured with the same material, from 

60to75centmietreswide ^ Metre 0.66 " 

Do. donblo width -« " LIO •• 

Of wool, or with a little mixtnre of cotton in the de- 
iifn, common and plain, from 60 to 75 centimetres 

wide Metre LOO •• 

Do. donble width " 2.00 •• 

Of wool, or with a small mixture of cotton lu the de- 
sign, line, from 60 to 75 centimetres wide. .........Metre L60 *' 

Do^ouble width " 8.00 •• 

Cacao shells, noss weight ~ .» »..Kilog. 0.05 *' 

Chestnuts, anelled or not, in wooden boxes or tinsjrross 

weisrht.....^................. Ellog. 0.10 86 p.c. ad vaL 

Pearl barley, in wooden boxes or tins ......... " 0.12 25 p.c. ad vaL 

Bye .^ ...^«.«.«« Free. Free. 

Brushes 

For shoes.^.......^........^ .»... ........... JDosen 0.60 to L60 25p.c. eufval. 

Hair, clothes and table, common.............^.........Dozen 8.00 '* 

Do. medium quaUty ^ " 4.60 " 

Do. superior — ... — . • 85 p.c. ad vol. 

Tooth, of eyery kind Qross 10.00 25 p.c. ad vol. 

Nail « •* 24.00 " 

Wax, vegetable or mineral, gross weight — Kilog. 0.85 ' 

Shoemaker'swax, white, including the boxes.... — " 0.eO '* 

Beer, in bottles (specific duty).. Dozen bott 2.50 Doz. bott L25 

" in other receptacles ..Litre 0.15 Litre 0.02 

Cases: 

Cigar, of Peruyian straw, common Dozen L25 85 p.c. ad vaL 

^^^ superior " 18.00 " 

Cigarette, of Russian leather, or imitation, plain. ** 12.00 ** 

Do. fancy. " 16.00 ^ 

Cigar, of Bussianleather, or imitation, plain, large. J>oz. 18.00 '* 

Do. fancy.............. Dozen 20.00 •• 

Cigarette of common leather, small, common... ** 2.60 ** 

Do. plain " 8.60 «' 

Do. fine " 7.00 " 

Cigar, of eommon leather, large.. Dozen from 8.50 to 4.50 " 

Do. fine Dozen 9.00 " 

Do. of sheepskin leather. *' • ** 

Do. or purses, with tortoise-shell, mother-of-pearl, or 

ivory, smalL...... Dozen 24.00 ** 

Do. large „ ^ " 86.00 " 

Cigars (specific duty) ..Kilog. 10.00 Kilog. 8.00 

Cigarette of Havanna tobacco, enclosed in paper or 

maize leaf (speciflo duty) Kilog. 2.00 " L50 

Do. of tobacco of other qualities (specific duty)...... ** "2.00 " 1.00 

Roman or Portland cement, gross weight. " 0.02 15 p.c. ad vaL 

Ribbons: 
Of cotton, plain or twilled, including pasteboard or pa- 
per wrapper Kilog. L60 26p.e.a(f«aJL 

Of cotton, colored, plain, or worked, for suspenders and 

cloakriobons, including the wrapper .....Kilog. 2.45 ** 

Of cotton velvet, including wrapper " 4.00 ** 

Or linen or with cotton mixture, plain or twilled, in- 
cluding wrapper Kilog. 2.40 25p.o.adeaJL 

Of linen or cotton, twilled or of crossed threads, for 

shoes, &c., Including wrapper Kilog. 2.00 ** 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after the customs inspeotioii. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



212 rPAXISH- AMEBIC AN MANUAL. 

Abticles, etc. VALUAnOlf. DUTT. 

Btbbons: Pa. Ci. 
Of wool or miztuie of cotton of one color, plain or 
twilled, for bordering mattresses, InclndlniBf wrain 

fer. . Kilog. 2.76 " 
wool with mixture of cotton of one or more colors, 

for cloaks, including wraoper.^......... Kilog. 8.25 *« 

Of wool, of one or more colors, for cloaks, including 

wrapper......^..................^ ... ..........^..........Ellog. 4.25 ** 

Of hemp, common, for furniture springs Kilog. 0.50 " 

Sword-belts, of leather, with clasps and metallic plates, 

plain.......^....M-.»......«.......»................... .^...Dozen 88.00 •• 

Belts, of leather, Taruished or not, common, for chil- 
dren ......................... .^. ..........^...................Dozen UOO •* 

Belts, other kinds.. ................................... .^....Dozen * " 

Prunes, dried, in pasteboard boxes, jars, tins, or glasses, 

gross weight...... — .............. — .....^...Kilog. 0l45 d6pjo.adwU. 

Bo. in barrels or cases, gross weights...... ....^.»... ** 0.20 ** 

Cloyes, whole, in tins or wooden boxes.................. *' 0.60 25 p.c. ad vol. 

Bo. ground, in tins or wooden boxes...................... " 0.90 '* 

Ck)coa-nut8 (such as those of Panama) ..................Hund. 2.00 85 p.o. ad vaL 

Fireworks, gross weight...... ........................Kilog. 0i87 ** 

01ae,common, gross weight...^..................... ...... ** 0.25 25p.o.<Mf«aI. 

Counterpanes or bed-coverleta of cotton point, plain 

CountorpanSorbSiHjoverteS^^ • " 

Bo. of wool and cotton damask.. — ' 

Small carriages of basket-work, without hood, common, 

for ohildren.....................»................»...................Each 400 »pM,ad9aL 

Bo. with hood ••6.00 «• 

Bo. of wood, without springs, small, common, for chil- 
dren..................................................... ..............Each 6.00 " 

Bo. do. medium size.......^......................................... '* 7.00 " 

Ba superior, for children........................................ * " 

Spring mattresses — .........^....................^...............Each 12.00 " 

Cuppels for laboratories ..............^..........Hundred 8X0 Free. 

Coral, manufactured or not . * 16p.o.aii«al» 

Cork bottle-stoppers, including the sacks in whi'ch 

packed.......................... ..............Kilog. 0.60 *• 

Corks for flasks, including the sacks........................ " OM ** 

Cork in sheets •• aiO «• 

Cords of sUver thread, not gilded.....«... ... «• loaoo •• 

Braids or galloons, of cotton and India-rubber, including 

packing ....Kilog, 4.25 25pM,advaL 

Bo. of silk and India-rubber, including packing... " 10.00 ** 

Leather bands for machinery, in cases, gross weight '* 150 ** 

Da lined with coarse cloth, gross weight ... ** 2.00 •* 

Corsets: 

Of cottony common....... ......JDozen 8.00 85p.o.{ul«aL 

Of cotton or with mixture of linen, with zlbs of whale- 
bone or steel, common...... ...... — ............Dozen 16.00 ** - 

Bo. do. fine, without fancy lace.... ........ " 24.00 •• 

All other kinds • •* 

Window curtains . .................. • *• 

Cotton duck or Marseilles, common, for vests, up to 65 

centimetres wide. .......Metre ai2 25 pwe. ad vaL 

Bo. half-quilted, up to 70 centimetres wide......... " 0.80 " 

Bo. quilted or piqu6, for vests, up to 70 centimetres 

wiqe,r..„ .....Metre 0.50 *• 

Bo. superior quailty,** for ve8tBr*QP*i^*'^**<^timetres 

wide 0.80 " 

Crape, of wool, from 50 to 60 centimetres wide....Jf etres 0.25 ** 

Truffles, including the bottles — . ....Kilog. 1.50 86 p.e. ocf foL 

Hair: 

Animal..^....................^..... ... .......Kilog. 0.83 25 p.e. ad vaL 

VegeUble .. •• aiO •♦ 

* The value to be fixed by the authorities after Customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



C020CSBCB. 



sts 



ASTICLISy RC 



Ynmnt tot Bpholflteriag; plain, of one cdlor, «p to 70 

»ZDosen 
.....Kllog. 



VALOA.nOH. 
FI.C1. 



DtlTT. 



Da do. made uih of one or more colors. .». 

Sarthen cmcibles, up to 15 oentimetres taigh.« 
Crucibles of chalk or plnmbago^^..^^^.......... 

Olasswaie: 

6azoRenei***M«M..».M. t-TTT.,.^w....»..,.......,.t.i.. K1 1flff. 

Bottles of common glasB for liqaom and other drinks, 
^.Kllog. 

Onpf and testing apparatus of crystal, gross weight, 



DemtJohns of glass np to 19 litres capacity .»»... 
Glast globes for lamps, gross weight .».^. ...^ .... 
Globes of common cut crystal for lamps, gross 



Lanterns of crystal or glass. 



Beal: one hair.. 



Ki ^. 
EacE 
Kilo 



fllasi Tials for medicine^ gross weight,.... 

..... ^ Kilog, from 0.14 to 

Small flasks or tnbes of glass or crystal for homeopathy 

with or without cork stoppers, Inclnding boxes of 

cardboard and paper wrappers »... — ..........Kilog. 

Dropa of crystal. or glass for lamps, Inclnding boxes, 

etc......... — ..... ...^.............^Kllogi 



0.60 95 p^. odmiL 
0l85 •* 

0.80 nee. 
0.30 • •• 

0JS6 25pw0.<MffOJL 

004 15p.e.adval. 

1.10 2ftp.e.cK(foJL 
0.80 " 

oao ** 

0l85 " 



Glass chimneys for lamps 

fliasi ot crystal tnbes for steam engines, gross 

>iimr*sni^' bM^ pocket 

flasks, glass plates, batter dishes, etc, of fine crystal, 

... ........... Kilog. 

Articles of crystal, fine, not otherwise distinguished.... 
Glasses, plain, not colored, common, up to 4 millime- 
tres In thickness ........ Kilog. 

Do. exceeding 4 millimetres in thickness.»^.........«»....« 

Glasses, plain, colored, very fine, ribbed or nnglased, 

Kilog. 

Glassware, not otherwise distinguii&ed..... ». 

PulleT-blocks, sin^, of wood......... — ....«»..........Centim. 

Paintings «... — .. ............... ........... 

Cords of cat-gut for musical instruments, including the 
paper wrapper.....................^....... ......................Kilog. 

Hides and skins: 

Ox and cow hides, dried or salted...... Each 

Goat skins „ ........»........»..................M.M...J)oaen 



UO 
OJ0 

0.70 



Each 10.00 

Kilog. 8.00 

,.......J>ozon 

. Kilog 



twohairs.........^............................ 

Otter . .. 

Wash leather.........^............ 

Sheep skin8.....................M..........».. 

Hog skins 

Patent leather........ 

Morocco.........»...................................Kilog. from 2JS0 to 

Sole leather „ .Jlach 

**Chaly," a tissueof wool and silk, plain or made up. from 

62 to 76 centimetres wide .............Metre 

Chancaca, common raw sugar, in cakes, gross weight 

^Quintid 
.....Kilog 



OlOS 25p.o.{ulML 

* 96pAkadvak 

— SSpcadeol. 

Oi.Ot 15p.c.<ul«aL 

* 8&p.e.adfoJL 

12.00 " 

4.00 Itee. 

4.00 S5p.c.ad«aL 

7.00 •♦ 

12.00 •• 



8.00 
2.00 
&00 
6.00 



(143 •* 

8.70 »p.ca(f«aL 
0.10 •• 

0.26 25 ** 



Do, in small cakes........ — ........ 

Heat, dried and salted, gross weight 

Epaulettes of silyer thread, with or without gilding, for 

uniforms.........^......... ..J^air 80.00 l&p.e.<Mf«aL 

Bpanlettes of copper thread, gilt or silvered for uniforms, 

„ ...™...«...............« „«...Pair 12.00 25p.c act vat 

Chocolate, in piu^ or powder, and cacao powder,gross 

weight......»....».».....J!l...»................ .................^ilog. 0i40 Wp^advai, 

* The yalna to be fixed by the authorities after Customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



214 SPANISH-AMERICAN MANUAL. 

ABTICLB8, ETC. VAUUATIOH. DUTT. 

PfcCs. 
Coleta. a lining material of linen or mixtoie of eotton, 
forclothin^mclndlng the packing papcr............Kilog. l.?0 2B]M).adfoJL 

Do. of cotton, of one color, plain orn^ed, for lining 

garments, including packing paper .....»....Kilog. 1.10 ** 

Fecula. in tina or packet!, Including receptacle — Kilof. 0.20 • ** 

Damask: 
Of cotton, colored, for bed coverlets, 8 centaTos per 

centimetre of wiath»«.............M.»....»..... .• ».Metre •» ** 

Of wool, with mixture of cotton, common* 4centaT0S 

percentimetre........................... ........Jletra — ** 

Similar to preceding, superior, OcentaTOS per centi- 
metre.............^ Metre — * 

Of wool, common, 6 eentayos per centimetre...... Metre — * 

Of wool and of silk, with nuxture of cotton, for up- 
holstering furniture, 1.4 oentayos per centimetze, 

M.M.M..MM.....M.......M........M.....MMM......M.....MM. ^MetTe "* ** 

Dat^ including the packages.... ..^...............Kilog. a40 86 p.0. od vaL 

Thimbles: of bone.................."****..».....-^.».^ ..Dosen 0.85 25 p.o. od vol. 

•• of mother of pearl and iTOiy " 1^ " 

Aprons, waterproof, wiu cotton or woollen borders, 

« ..« Dozen 6.00 86 p.c od vaL 

Do. with borderof Bilk ~ ~ " 8.00 " 

Peaches, dried Kflog. 0.20 '* 

FUtersof faience, stone or composition, common, not 

exceeding 25 litres in capacity ........Eaoh 5.00 15p.e.«dMl, 

Drawings or models for Iraming, painted upon paper, 

^...„ Kilog. 7.00 25p.e.a(f«aL 

Sword-kuots of leather, vamished or not Dozen aoo *^ 

Sword-knots of silk, with sUver thread, gUt or not. <* 18.00 *' 

Drills or ticking of linen, or with mixture of cotton, 

plain or twilled, very common, net weight ..Kilog. 0.90 •• 

Do. common, net weight. Kilog. from 1.15 to IM ** 

Do. superior « « • «* 

Staves finished for barrels, up to 75 centimetres long and 

not exceeding 20 millimetres in thickne8s........Hundred 8.00 15 p.o. ad vaL 

Do. not finished, up to 75 centimetres long and not ex- 
ceeding 20 millimetres in thickness .....Hundred aOO Free. 

Do. finisned, for quarter casks and pipes, not exceeding 

82 millimetres in thickness^. Hundred 20.00 15 p.c. ad voL 

Do. not finished . '* 5.00 Free. 

Sweetmeats .^....Hundred from 0.40 to 0.05 85 p.o. ad voL 

Lastings, called **durables" of wool with mixture of cot- 
ton, plain or twilled, of one color, for garments, up to 

70 centimetres wide...^.................. — ~ Metre 0.80 25 p.o. ad vaL 

Do. of wool, of one color, plain or twilled, for garments, 

up to 70 centimetres wide.^............ ..Metre 0.40 ** 

Do. superior ~ ~ • •* 

Elastics for shoes, including paper wrapper.......... Kilog. 4.00 * 

Lace: 

Of cotton, common, up to 25 millimetres wide 
Hectom. 

Do. up to 50 millimetres wide " 

Do. up to 75 millimetres wide " 

Of cotton, superior, up to 25 millimetres wide......Metre 

Do. up to 60 millimetres « « ** 

Do. up to 75 miilimetres „ " 

Of cotton, white, called gruipure or crochet, up to 25 
millimetres wide Hectom. 

Do. up to 50 millimetres " 

Do. up to 75 millimetres « .«. ** 

Of cotton, colored, such as guipure or crochet, are val- 
ued similarly to the preceding, with 10 per cent ad- 
ditional .t.« .^. - 

Thick, of linen, common, up to 5 centimetres wide 
... Metre 0.08 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after custom inspection. 



1.25 
?00 


86p.caif«(a. 


8.00 
0.14 

ai2 

0.18 


« 

M 
M 


2.60 
6.00 
10.00 


•• 

m 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Articles, btc. Valuation. Duty. 

Lace: Ps> Cs. 

DanptolOoeiitimetret wlde...........«^...^.^.»«^Metie 0.16 85p.o.<id«aL 

Do. inperior..... ^......» .....m....^.^..... ».. ^ ** 

Oil-doth, doable for flooring. gioMweight..^ Kilog. OJO '* 

Oil-oloui^withorwlthoateagiiig,forUblecoTer8(ffroi8 

weight!^...... .»„.».„. .»r !T .....n.,.rr..,,."«1'^. (UK ** 

Vegetables, preserved In water or vinegar, in pots or 

glasses, gross welght................M.....^ Kilog. 0.20 ' 

Vegetables, preserved: in salt or vinegar, in barrelSigrosa 

weight ....« ....ffilog. 0.10 * 

Strings for niHsieal instruments, including the packing 

paper«........«.«.........««..... ....^........^.^......^Kilog. 8.00 •• 

Brooms, common, with or without handles......-^ J[)ozen 2.50 ** 

Do. of twigs, with or without handles...^...^.,....^ ** 0.75 ** 

Floor bmsnet of hair, with or without handles— .M " tJEO ^ 

Do.ofvegeUblofibre «• 2J0 

Small mirrors, common, up to 61 centimetres long.in- 

eluding the frame.......—.. ...—Dos, from OJO to aOiOO 25p.a<ia««. 

Mirrors of better quality, quadrilateral in f onn, with 
wooden frsmeugilt or painted: 

From Dm. 1,784 to Om«8,000in.iuiftwe— 

from 6.00 to ....—....-.. . -....— ...Kach 86.00 " 

From cm. 8^01 to 8 m.44M9 in surface — ** 228.00 86p.o.ad«aL 

Do. oral or elliptical, with wooden frame, gilt or 

painted..— .......»....— ..—.—.. .......—.—— • ** 

Wooden levers— .....—.—.....— .— — ...— Dosen 4.00 Free _ 

8permaceti,notieflned...-.—.— ..——..— .....Kilog. 0.80 25 p.o. od vol. 

Do. refined - 1.25 



Spirits of wine (specifloduty) — — ..Xltro 0.80 Utre ^0.60 

Wooden pegs for ihoes — — •• oao 26p.o.ad*o«. 

Statues...— •as 

Stearine in paste..- „■...—...—... ..........Kilog. 0.40 26 " 

Chinese floor mats, gross weijght..... » ** 0.26 " 

Cloth of cotton or linen for embroidering.............. " 1.70 " 

Tow for caulking ships .— — •« 0J8 Free 

Cases or empty boxes, common «nd large, for chains, 

watches, ornaments, etc — Doien 8.00 86p.aaa«aL 

Do. do. flne — .. - " 16.00 •* 

Do. common, small, for earrings, brooches, studs, 

etc.-.....—.....—. .-....—— «...— Doaen 4.00 ** 

Do. do. superior....— .......—....—.....— .» " 8.00 " 

Meat eztractgross weight .— ...-.KUog. 1X0 26 p.o. ad woL 

Sashes, common, of wool or mixture of cotton, of one or 

of one or more colors. Including paper wrapper 

«— . —......——...—— — .....Klfog. 2.60 ** 

Woollen felt, tarred, for ships — " 0.28 Free , 

Do. do. for roofing — . .— • 26p.cadeal. 

Hair felt, not tarred, for boilers . KUog. a26 " 

Mats of hemp, from 40 centimetres wide, and up to 90 ^ , 

centimetres long.....— .......... ... ........ ....Dozen 2i.00 85 p.aaa«al. 

Mats of esparto, from 40 centimetres wide, and up to 120 

centimetres long...— ...—.... —.......— ....—.J)osen 12.00 " 

Mats of esparto, with band of wool, short, from 40 centi* 

metres wide, up to 120 centimetres long...— .....J)ozen 20.00 " 

Manila hemp, raw —...........—...—........— .Kilog. 0.16 Free . 

Vermicelli, gross weight..- ........ ......—... '* 0.16 26p.o.adeaL 

Hempenfibre.....— ..........—...——......— —..—....— •• 0.15 ** 

Flower and garden pots...............— .....— * 86 p.0. ad vai, 

Flowereandplants, artificial...... .....—.....——.....—. • " 

Foo^rug8 — „ —..——,.....—.......——«...—... • •• 

Match-boxes of leather, common— »....— Dozen L50 26 p.0. od eoL 

Do. of papier-mach^ with or without incrustations 

Dosen 1.25 " 

Do. of Bussian leather, plain " 12.00 •* 

Do. do. figured. •* 16.00 •« 

Da of motheiK>f-pearl or ivory, common — .. " IZOO " 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



S16 * SPANIBH-AMBRICAlf MANUAL. 

Abixclss, sra Valuatioh. Ddtt. 



Of wood, in pftp«r bozM, InoludlDg the weight d the 

wooden boxes or tins....^..,.^.........^.....^.... KUog. 0i20 85 p^e. mi mL 

Do. in boxes of thin wood or plwteboaid, inolnding 

case, etc . ^....ZZ, Kilof . 0.20 «• 

Wax, in cudboard bcoee or tiaiL including case, etc 

^ ^ ^„....^.,ZZZ^ ....JI...-..KllQg. aao 85 9.e.«i«M. 

Other kinds.... ^ Z. Z. • ^ •• 

Fhotographs on cards............... ........«...............Kilog. 4.60 ** 

IV>» f»r stereoscopes..... t. i T i Ti fmin m.i ■ ** 8.00 ** 

Flannel: 
Of cotton, of one or more eoloca, including paper wrap- 

ryr .......T.TT... iL.i.. i ■-. ..Knoff. 1.00 VpAfltffML 
cotton, bleached or not, indnding paper wrapper 

Of wool, with mixture of cotton, of one or more colors, 

plain or twilled, including paper wrapper.......Kiloc: L85 ** 

Of wool, of one or morecolors, plain or twilled, lacludh 

_. tng paper wrapper. .„ KUog. 8J( ^ 

Blankets: 

Of cotton, with border, net weight.......».............KiloiL 0.10 ** 

Da hemmed with silk " OiaO •• 

Of wool, with mixture of cotton or jute, Yery common, _ 

net weight. .... Kilpg. 0.tt •• 

Du do. common, net weight ** »S9 " 

Do. superior, net welght..........................^.....-^ •* 1.80 "• 

Of wool, common, net weight........................^..^ •• tn •• 

Du superior, net weight.......................^.^. SLTo •• 

Of Ticufia wool, cashmere, eto..............~~....«~~^.-~~~- * ** 

Haricot beans.......................................«...~........«-.Kilof; a04 •« 

Fruits, in water, brandy or sirup, gross weight .....Kilog. OJO 85 p.c otf eat 

Dowfresh.........^.......^............^....— .~«...«..~^..^^... '* Free nee 

Cases, of leather, for fire-arms.............«....................Bozen 20.00 85pt.e.a4f«al. 

Do. of vamishea or chamois leather, with or without 

•trap, for reyolTeni......»..........................».....».JDo8en 12.00 ** 

Dou of straw, for bottles.......^.......... .... — Kilog. 0.04 25 p^e. od eat 

Oallnons or fringes of copper, gilt or sUrered, very com- 
mon, including cases, ttc............................ Kilog. 2.60 85p.o.otf«al. 

Ikii of copper, gilt or lilyered, cotton twist, common, in- 
cluding eases. etc.............<»...........«....................Kilog. 6.00 ** 

Do. do. superior, indudinf cases, etc.............^..... ** U.0O " 

Do. of copper, gut or silTered, silk twist, including cases ^ 

Do. rauirr sZElw sif-* 



Tered. fine, including cases, etc....^^.....^.. — .Kilog. 

Do. other kinds «. • ** 

Bea buBcuits, common................. — ........... Quintal W» •• 

Buscuits, fine, without sugar or butter, exceeding 8 cen- _ 

timetres in diameter « .Quintal 8.70 •• 

Do. do. not exceeding 8 centimetres in diameter ...^iloff. 0.85 ** 
Do. of every kind, prepared with sugar or butter, includ- 
ing Jars, paper. etoT.... «. Kilog. 0.60 •• 

Qanze, of cotton, white, common, braided or damasked, 

up to lOOcentimetres wide...............Metre from 0.08 to 0^12 25 p.c. m «mL 

Do. flne......».......»........ .............................^......Jietre 0.16 ** 

Do. of cotton, colored and embroidered * " 

Waterproof material, of cotton and India-rubber, for 
children's wraps, etc, 1 centavo per centimetre of 

Wldth.MMMM....MM.....».. — ......M.....MMW "• " 

Cretonne or platilla, of linen or with mixture of cotton, 

up to 25 threads in warp and woof, and 75 centimetres . . 

wide .:. Metre 0.12 25 pA 4rf«riL 

Do. up to 80 centimetres wide... — — . ..... " 0.15 •• 

Do. up to 85 " " " M7 •• 

Downpte40 " " ^^ " 0.20 

*The yalue to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMM£BCE. 217 

AanCLBS, BTC. VALUinOH. DUTT. 

Ps. Cl. 

linen cloth, inch as bretagne* holland, Irish, etc.. in- 

tiodhiff paper nadkAse.. y...^. — y^^.^Kllog. 4^ 85p.o.«d«at 

linen goods, or with mixtare of ootton, for liningjnr- 

ments, net weight ^^ .^..^.^.^...^.Kflog. LOO 26 p.e. mi «rf. 

Ckitton tissnes, white, plain, not exceeding 20 threads in 

the warp, net weucnt....^..^..^........^....^. .Kilog. LOO «• 

Do. white, plain, thick, snch as cretonne and quilting, 

netweight......^.....^.^..^.^^...*.^^ ^ Kilog. 0.85 « 

Ootton tfssnes, white, plain, not exceeding 20 threads in 

the warp, net weignt...........................»............Kilog. L60 *• 

Do. white, worked or damasked, amch as birilliantines, 

net weight. .... Kilog. L60 • 

Do. do. colored, net weight.............................^....... ** L60 *• 

Do. nnbleached, plain, such as thick calicoes and osna* 

burghs, strong, intended specially for making sacks, 

ana not exceeding 16 threads in the warp and woof, 

gross weight....... .......................................^Kilog. OJSO iip,t»ad9dL 

Tissues of hemp and Jute, such as osnaburghs for sacks, 

gross weight ..........Kilog. OJK «• 

Gotten tissue, such as calico, unbleached, plain, simple, 

without dye or distinction of quality, net weight 

..M Ki^og. 0.76 26 pwCvlNlfoL 

Cotton tissue, Hnbleached, twilled, such as calicoes, net 

weight....... ^. « « Kilog. 0.86 

Cotton tissue, bleached, net weight........»».. ».. ** 0l90 

Cotton tinsue, such as ticking, bluedoth, rayadillo, and 

similar tissues, net weight Kilog. 0l80 

linen cloth, or with mixture of ootton, such as ticking, 

net weiffht..............» .......Kilog. L20 

Cotton clotn, especially for pantaloons, plain, twilled or 

quilted .T...... ». ...-.Kilog. 096 

Cotton and woollen eloth, such as '* mixed," for panta- 
loons, twilled, quilted and faced .»......rKJ]og. L60 

Cotton cloth, such as ** Oxfords," net weight........ ** OJO 

Cotton cloth, woiked or printed, for book-binders, 2 

centayos per centimetre wide. -.-. -...-Metre 0iJ6 

Cotton cloth, for shirtings, up to 75 centimetres wide 

—.».—...—.>....— ..».»—— .«.»..»»—.».»—■■».■■«.««..—..—.»...— ...—Metre 0l96 
Do. exceeding 75 centimetres but less than 1 m 50 in 

width — «...- — -« ....... — Metre 0.60 



Woollen cloth, or with a mixture of cotton, common, up 

to 75 centimetres wide.— .-...-.......- —....Metre Obtf 

Do. exceeding 75 centimetres, but less than 1 ra 50 wide 

Do. raperiorTn^^^ .«.. '* €l76 

Do. do. exceeding 75 centimetres, but less than 1 m 50 

wide.....-.^....-.......-..^...-.......-... -.......-..-.-Metre LflO 

Cotton cloth, for dresses, such as sephyr, net weight 

., —.:-.....— mtog. L60 

Woollen cloth, such as camelia, of one color, common, 

4 centayos per centimetre wide -.-.............— — 

Woollen and silk cloth, such as Japonalse and cashmeres, 

np to 60 centimetres wide -.-. -.-.....-..Metre OJft 

Cloths for women's dresses, not otherwise distinguished • 

Cotton cloth, for bath towels and sheets .....-.-. Kilog; LOO 

Frieze, of cotton and wool, colored, with or without tas- 
sels, such as *' ritos "...—. -...—.....— ....—Kilog. Lift 

Do. of wool, coarse, such as "ritos ".....- -.. ** L50 

Do. of WOOL three-fold, up to 05 centimetres wide-Metre LOO 
Do. of wool and cotton, three-fold, up to 95 centimetres 

wide — Metre 0.80 

Do. of wool, two-fold, up to 95 centimetres wide...- *' 0.70 
Do. of wool, and mixture of cotton or hemp, up to 96 cen- 

ttmetres wide....— -.......—.....-..-. -.. — .Metre 0i60 

'^Ptb valme to be fixed by the authorities after customs InspeetlOB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



218 8PANISH-AMBBICAK MANUAL. 

Abuclbs, Etc Yaluatiom. Duty. 

P8.C8. 

Da of hemp or Jate, with mlztnie of cotton, up to 60 

centimetres wlde................................................Metre 0.15 25 p.c. ad vol 

Do. up to 95 centimetres wide... »«... ** 0.25 " 

Do. of hemp and Jute, up to 05 centimetres wide..... " 0.20 *' 

Do. better quality .« ♦ •* 

Giu in flasks or ordinary bottles (speciflo duty)..... .Dosen 4.00 Dosen 8.00 

Do. in other receptacles (speciflo auty)......».... Xitre 0.25 Litre 0.25 

Geographical and astronomical globes » Free Free 

Glucose, common, solid or liquid, gross wcight......Kilog. 0.12 25 p.e. ad «aL 

India-rubber, raw *• 0.18 *« 

Do. manufactured in sticks, packets or sheets, with or 
without cloth, gross weight: 

In wooden boxes...... ...............................•..^..Kllog. LOO " 

In packing cloth " L26 ** 

Do. manufactured as erasers, etc '* 2.00 " 

Do. do. fltted with wood " 4.00 *• 

Bonnets of cotton, simple, white or colored...... ......Dozen LOO ** 

Do. other kinds «.. .^ • « 

Grenadine: 
Of cotton, common, from 55 to 05 centimetres wide 

^^^ ..^ Metro 0.18 •• 

Do. medium quality................^................. .... " ai7 •« 

Do. flue " 0.22 *• 

Of cotton and silk, common, from 65 to 65 centimetres 

wide ..Metre 0.20 •• 

Do. medium quality *• 0.25 •* 

Do. flne .r. ^ " 0.85 •• 

Of wool and silk, common, from 65 to 65 centimetres 

wide « ...^.........-...Metre 0.26 •• 

Grenadine: 

Of wool and slik, medium quality....................... Jletre 0.85 25 p.0. ad «aL 

Do. flne ,. " a45 •• 

Animal fat, common, in tins, gross weight.... KHog. 0.25 <* 

Do. in wooden boxes, gross weight « ** 0.18 *« 

Pine or vegetable resin, gross weight....^................. «* 0.05 •• 

Fat used in the manufacture of soap ................ " 0.12 

Guano.............. Free 

Gloves: 

Of cotton, common,........:....................^. — ............Dozen LOO 85 p.c. od tol 

Of Scotch plaid, common '* 2.00 " 

Do, superior «.«....... " 4.00 " 

Chamois or kid up to 81 centimetres long ** 9jOO " 

Do. above 81 dentunetres " 15.00 " 

Of wool, short or common......... «. ** 2.60 ** 

Do. superior " &60 " 

Of wool, short, flne « ~ ««. • *• 

Of wool point, common, or with mixture of cotton 

.„ « Kilog. 6.00 " 

Of wool point, common, or with mixture of cotton, 

superior to preceding class........^. Kilog. 8.00 '* 

Miners' fuses, fi^ross weight " 0.28 Tree 

Cherries, dried, in wooden boxes, gross weight...... *' 0.15 85p.c. odvot 

Wheat flour Free Free 

Flour of oats, rye and maize, in tins or paciLots, includ- 
ing case Ki log. a20 TSp^cadval 

Fig8,dried, incases, including the same........^...... ** a22 85 do 

Cotton yarn: 
In clews or skeins, for sewing or weaving, including 
the boxes of cardboard or paper and paper wrappers 

« Kilog. L60 25 do 

Wound on cardboard, clews or skeins, for embroider- 
ing and marking Kilog. Z25 do 

For sewing up to 6 threads, wound on bobbins, up to 

92 metres » Gross. 2.25 do 

Do up to 134 metres.... " 6.00 do 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs insi»ection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMBBCB. 219 

Articles, Etc. VALUATioif. Duty. 

Cotton yarn: Ps. Cs. 

Do up to 276 metres »„.^.„^.^,„..^ ^ Gioss 7.50 do 

For sewing on cardboard, up to 50 metres..... ** 0.40 do 

Cotton waste, white or colored, for cleaning machinery, 

— ^ . ..^ Kilog. 0.20 do 

Hemp or Jnta yam* Hp to 8 threads, for sewing, gross 

weight Kilog. 0.40 do 

Hemp, jute, linen or cotton yam, lor packing, iuclud- 

ing paper wrapjier ..« „„ Kilog. 0.80 do 

Pack-thread of cotton, for sewing sacks, including 

paper wrapper „ Kilog. 0.70 do 

Linen yarn, white and colored, ordinary, for tailors or 

shoemakers, including paper wrappers Kilog. L40 do 

Bo do in clews or skeins, fipe, for sewing, including 

paper package...*.. » Kilog. 8.25 do 

Do on bobbins... « « , • do 

Woollen yarn, common, prepared for weaving, includ- (from 2.00 { ^^ 

ing the inside packing paper Kilog. \ to 800 J **" 

Do superior ** 5.50 do 

Yarn of goat's hair, or imitation of the same, prepared 

for weaving and embroidering Kilog. 5.00 do 

Paper leaves for florists, per leaf Gross. Ol08 do 

Cloth leaves for florists, per leaf " 0.20 do 

Do do waxed. " 0.80 do 

Musical instruments, etc: 

Harmoniums of palisander, mahogany, etc., of 1 reg- 
ister and 4 octaves. » » Each. 85.00 85 do 

Do up to 5 register and 5 octaves.. " 50.00 do 

Do f* U " " " 85.00 do 

Do " 14 " •* " 125.00 do 

Do " 18 " ** •* 150.00 . do 

Do " 21 " " " 225.00 do 

Do of more than 21 register * do 

Do of common wood * do 

Pianos, pianofortes, grand, of any wood, mounted or 
not, complete or not, with or without stool and 

cloth, up to 1 m. 90 long Each. 850.00 do 

Pianos more than 1 m. 90 long " 600.00 do 

Cottage pianos of any wood, mounted or not, com- 
plete or not, with or without stool and cloth, up to 1 

m. 65 high Each. 225.00 do 

Do more than 1 m. 55 high " 400.00 do 

Pianos of other kinds « * do 

Sacks of morocco, chamois, or other thin leather for 

musical instruments Each. 2.00 25 do 

Musical iDstruments, etc: 

Backs of common leather, for musical instruments 

Each. 8.00 26 p.c. ad Yak 

Of any other kind «. — 85 p.c. ad vol. 

Surgical, mathematical, and other scientific instruments 

Each. • Free. 

Washing soap, gross weight .Kilog. 0.12 25 p.c. ad val. 

Hams, including wrapper " 0.40 85p.c. advoX. 

Sirups of every kind (with the exception of medicinal), 

in Dottles of glass of ordinary dimensions Dozen. 6.00 25 p.c. ad vdU 

Cordage, white or tarred, of hemp or esparto, more than 

24 millimetres in circumference, gross weight. ...Kilog. 0.80 " 
Do. old or useless, white or tarred, of hemp or esparto, 

Kiloff. 0.06 Free. 

Games of every kind ** — 25p.Q.advaL 

Cotinters of mother-of-pearl, bone or ivory, for playing 

cards «. Hundreo. 2.00 ** 

Lime juice, in barrels « Litre. 0.20 25 p.o. ad vak 

Do. in common bottles .-Dozen. 8.00 ** 

Strawberry, raspberry, and cherry sirup In barrels...Lltre. 0.40 •• 

Bamboo, unworked ........Kilog. 0JL5 Free. 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



220 



BPANISH-AlfSRIOAN MANUAL. 



ABTICLB8, STC. 



Do. ptepared for faniitaTe — ,.^».^,^ Kilog, 

Sealing-wax in itickfl, Including pasteboard and IMtper 

wrapper......»....« ~ .............Kilog; 

Do. in other forms, common, for bottles, includinf 

pasteboard, etc ~. .^....Kilofr 

Square tiles or bricks of Jasper or marble, polished 

, .M....... ...•••M.*...MM».«M.Metre« 

Do. prepared for foundry furnaces................... .Hundred. 

Bath bricks .« « -.Kiloj. 

Building bricks, common.............................. ...«Hmdred. 

^ Sheep's, raw, gross we1ght............................»»....Kilog; 

Do. scoured, gross weight ..^.......................m. " 

Vicufia, gross weight « ..^ ** 

Vegetable, called silk " saibo " *• 

Bunting, of wool, for banners and flags, light, plain, up 
to 60 centimetres wide .........................Metra. 

Do. for lining, with mixture of cotton, plain and twilled, 
up to LO centimetres wide ^ M etieu 

Lobsters, in water, in tins. Jars or glasses, grosa weight 

W*o<3Si*penciis,"ordi^^ 
......................................... Gross. 

Do. fine.. 



VkUJATUa. DUTT. 

Pi.Cs. 
Otf 85^e.«lsNa 



Do. for carpenters.................................... ^......^^..^ ** 

Slate pencils ....^.......^^.......Thoasand. 

Preserved milk in tins «.. «.. lOlog. 

Vegetables, dried, in tins, Jars, or glasses, including the 
same Kilog. 

Ox tongues, dried or salted ^....................Kilog. 

LentilsT........ . «^ " 

Yeast or baaing powder, in boxes, packets or flasks, 
gross weight ....Kilog. 

Cigarette-paper books, including paper wrapper.... " 

Books containing leaves of common metal for gilding 
or silvering, up to 23 leaves per book, and up to 65 cen- 
timers square in the leaf Gross. 

Do. of gold or silver, for gilding or silvering, up to 25 
leaves per book, and up to 55 centimetres square in the 
leaf ~ « «..Each. 

Do. printed, with backs of tortoise-shell, motherof- 
pearl, ivorv, or imitations of the same, and orna- 
mented with gold, silver and metal, gilded or silvered 

Do. plain or ruled, for writing, common, kilog. from 0.05 

Do. plain foMettw-fSewc^^^ Kilog. 

Liquors, sweet, (specific duty) J>osen. 

Garters of cotton, with or without India-rubber, com- 
mon, for women or children. ».........M...........J)osen. 

Do. better quality 

Glass paper » .....Kilog. 

Emery, or glass doth...... " 

Lawn: 
Of cotton, white, plain, up to 20 threads in warp and 

woof, and 1 m. 12 wide. Ifetre. 

Do. up to 80 threads......... 

Do. up to 40 threads......... 

Do. aoove 40 threads ». 

Of cotton, colored, plain. 

Sailcloth: 



Of linen and cotton, for sails of from Not. 1 to 7, 
gross weight.. ...............^.....Kiloe. 

Do. common, bleached, above Ma 7, gross weight, 
^^^„^ «... .,Knog; 

Of hemp or Jvte for sails, gross weight............. ** 

•The Talue to be fixed by the authoritiea after 



1.40 
&00 



85i».o.«d«aL 

15p.c.od«alL 



0.04 25p.caclfoL 

1.25 •• 

0.15 nee. 

0J2 •« 

OJW ** 

026 S5pAiNI«al. 

014 « 

OJ0 « 

025 « 

O80 « 

ooo ** 

2.00 Wp^adm^ 

075 I'ree. 

O40 25p.o.atf«ai; 



0.80 
080 
0.05 



0.40 
LfiO 



25p.c. odeoL 



85p.o.ad«aL 



OOO 25p.a«dfoL 



0.80 15p.o.atf«aL 



* 85i».e.acl«al. 

IJBO *« 

0.80 ** 

10.00 Doe. «* 



O40 

0.20 
0.40 



O06 
012 
O20 
O80 



O70 
OOO 



25p.0.CMl«al. 
16p.e.acl«al. 



25pwe.aclfial. 



15p.o.iNI«criL 
»pAad9dL 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OOMMEBCB. 221 

• Abuclib, «tc. Valuahow. Dorr. 

Sailcloth: Pi. Ct. 

Of linen, white or colored, for ymtaloomi.^..^...^Kilog • ** 

casks....:. — ....:. — .": — :........«.^..«^....:.r...:.Kiioi^ 020 •• 

Glassy plate, poliihed and yamished: 

From o m. 0,72(1 to o m. 8,000 surface 

«. Each from 0.60 to l&OO • 

From o m. 8,001 to 4 m. 1,500 surface 

— Each from 23.00 to ISaOO 85 pM» fltffol 

Unpolished for shop windows, less than 4 millimetres 

thick, pay half the preceding duties ^ ^ ^ -. — 

Hops, including metal and wooden boxes...........^Kilog. OJiO SSpuaodMl 

For cahinet makers, not worked, with the exception of 

eedar............^^.................^.................: Decim. 0.08 Fre& 

Do.ofcedar...«.^ ^^ •* a03 •* 

Common, not planed, for building, fir, oak, etc.. In 

planks, beams, etc. 25 millimetres thick.....8q.Metra €l85 15 pwO. otfMl 
Gmnmon, planed or dovetailed, or ready for building, 

fir, oak, etc., in planks, beiuns, etc, 25 millimetres 

thlck.........^.....^.......^.^ — ....» .............^...Sq. Metre. a40 85pbe.«<faL 

Penholders: 

Of metal or wood. Terycommon...................»..»..Oross. 0.40 25pii0.a<f«criL 

Do. medium quality ....••^.■.—..•...»»~.»-~~...-~~ " OJO ** 

Do. flue ..— " 2.00 «« 

Of bono, medium quality........ » .^,^ ** 9M ^ 

Of mother-of-pearl or lYory..............»...........»...J>oien. IM ** 

Parasol handles: 

Of wood, common.................................... ............ " 0.50 " 

Do. medium ouaUty ............. ......... '* LOO •• 

Umbrella handles: 

Of wood, common........................ ........................ •* LOO •• 

Do. medium quolity^H^....................^....... ............ ** L60 ** 

Handles for brooms, painted or not, gross weight, 
Kflog. 0.16 85 P.O. a<f fcdL 

Do. for stronger brooms.^................. ,....., *' 0.15 25 p.c. ad vaL 

MulRi of all kinds, for women..... » ...................^ * 85 p.c. ad w4 

Traveling rugs: 

Of wool and cotton, common.......^^..... .....Each. 2.00 25p.c.iNI«criL 

Do. of medium quality ^ — ............... ** 8.00 •• 

Do. fine ...................... — . — «• 5.60 . •« 

Of cotton, common, for men».......«....«...........«».Doien« 9.00 ** 

Do. with borders of wool, common, for men........ ** 12.00 ** 

Do. do. medium quality....».»......... ..................... '* 15.00 ** 

Do. flue «. ............... •• 18.00 «• 

Of wool aud cotton, common, for men................. ** 18.00 ** 

Da medium quality " 24.00 •• 

Do. fine .... " 80.00 «• 

Ofwool, common, for men ^....^.............JSach. 22.00 ^ 

Da medium quality ** 86.00 ** 

Da flue.... „. •« 48.00 «• 

Of vicufia and other superior kinds of wool • * 

Similar to preceding kinds, with embroidery, similar 

valuations ..............................m.......mmm — SSp^flkOdiniL 

Bntter in tins, including thocoveriiigs..................Kilog. 0.45 *• 

Pork fat In tins, including tho same....^.................. ** 0410 *• 

Da in barrels, gross weight.................... <.............«« ** 0.28 •* 

Frames of wood, gilt or varnished, for picturcs.......»..«»«, • •* 

Hight llghta in boxes, not exceeding 100 per box 

....................................~........»......».................~Doien. 0l80 lui, ad foL 

Marble: 
Polished, In blocks, for fumituro and tombstones, up 

to 2 centimetres thick, per sqnaro decimetre...Declm. 0.10 85 pA ad vol 

•The valna to be fixed by the authorities after customs Intpeetloii. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



222 SPANI8H-AMBBI0AN MANUAL. 

AmncLBs, BTa VALUAnow. Dorr. 

Marble: Pa. Ca. 

Not pollahed. in bloeka, for furniture, and vp to 2 cen- 
timetres thick, per square decimetre Decim. 0.05 S& p.e. ad Ml 

Polished, round, for table tops, per decimetre in dlam- 

eter....«.. ^ „.. ....qentim. 0.14 S&p.e.a(i Ml 

Polished, oval, for table tops.... •' 0.14 •• 

In other forms, for fountains, mausoleums, etc... * ** 

Masks Gross from aoo to 24.00 •• 

Mastic, prepared Kilog. 0.08 25p.aad vol 

Wicks of cotton for lamps " LOO •* 

Do. other. « ^ . " l.» " 

Merinos and cashmeres of wool, twilled, single or 

double, crossed up to 16 threads, including paper 

Wrappers and bands » Kilog. 4.00 S5 p.0. mi #M 

Do. ofmore than 16 cross-threads, etc •* 6.00 *• 

Do. of wool with mixture of cotton, twilled, single or 

double, including papers, etc Kilog. 8.00 25 p.c ad vol 

Honey «.....«.« ...Litre. 0.08 " 

Minerals « Pre©. 

Tisiiues, crocheted, common, tip to 5 centimetres wide 

« ...Hectom. 1.25 7bp.c. ad vai 

Do. up to 10 centimetres wide ** 2.60 ** 

Models and designs for machines * Free. 

Mouldings of wood for frames, furniture, etc., varnished 

or not, painted or gilded, gross weight ^....Kilog; 0.85 25p.c.ad vol 

Do. of wood and plaster, intended to be gllded...» . *' 0.20 ** 

Coins Free 

Mosaic of wood, common, per sq. metre Metre. 5.00 85 p.c. ad vol 

Do. fine • do 

Small pearls of metal, of all shapes.^ .....Kilog. 5.00 do 

Do. of glass « « «. " 1.10 do 

Mustard, in powder, gross weight " 0.40 25 p.c. do 

Do. prepared in pots or glasses, gross weight *' 0.25 do 

Furniture of all kinds — 85 p.c. do 

Designs for teaching writing and drawing ^ 

Kilog «. From L25to ZOO Free 

eolls of every kind, trimmed or not — 85 p.0. ad •*! 
nslins: 

Cambric or hoUand, of cotton, printed or dyed, up to 
25 threads in the warp and woof, and up to 85 centi* 

metres wide Metre. 0.09 25 p.0. do 

Do. up to 84 threads in the warp and woof.. ** 0.12 do- 
Do. up to 42 threads «* 0.14 do 

Do. up to 62 threads *• 0.18 do 

Of Wool with mixture of cotton, plain, colored, up to 

24 threads in the warp and woof, and 65 centfmetres 

wide v........Metre. 0.10 do 

Da up to 26 threads in the warp and woof. " 0.12 do 

Do. up to 28 threads « " 0^4 do 

Of wool, with mixture of cotton, plain, colored, up to 

25 threads lu the warp and woof, and 85 centimetres 

wide ....^...-Jletre. 0.14 do 

Do. np to 28 threads in the warp and woof... Metre. 0l16 do 

Of wool, with mixture of cotton, colored, twilled or 

open-worked, up to 65 centimetres wide.........-Metre. 0.14 do 

Do. up to 85 centimetres •• ai7 do 

Entirely of wool, plain, common, with one or two 

colors, up to 65 centimetres wide Metre. 0.25 do 

Do. with three or more colors «. « •* 0.80 do 

Entirely of wool, twilled, with one or more colors....... * do 

Music, printed or manuscript Kilog. 1.20 dow 

Moss, in packets or loose, including paper wrapper, 

...Kilog. OJSO do 

Sealing-wax sticks, in cardboard boxes or in tins.-. *• 0.85 do 
Holland, batiste and cambric of linen, up to 03 centi- 

metres wide Metre. 0.80 85p.e. do 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customa inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OOMMEBCX- 223 

AXnCLBB, BTC YALVAnOtU DUTT. 

Pl.Cf. 

Ae^oxmlBt invoices, price lists or receipts, printed upon 

cotton paper, loose or bonnd up, inclu(ung cardboiml 

boxes or paper wrappers .....^ Kilog. 120 85 p.e. ad eat 

Do. printed upon linen paper " 2.^ do 

Strips of 8afirh>n, Apple or pear, sun-dried, with or with- 
out rind, gross weight Kilog. 0.10 da 

" Organdi/^a tissue of cotton, with plain stripes, white 

or colored, up to 27 threads In the warp and woof, and 

up to 82 centimetres wide Metre. 0.12 25 do 

Do up to 83 threads in the warp and woof, and up to 82 

centimetres wide.........^....................^ ^...»...Metre. 0.16 do 

Qold: 

In powder or paste .^...^^.............^......Oram. 

In plates, for dentists „ » ** 

Manufactured as plate « •• 

In lumps, unwrought...« ^ «.. •• 

Oysters In water, in tins, pots or glasses, gross weight 

« «-. Kilog. 

Dye-wood, in logs ^ «» 

Do in powder.....^* «• 

"Wood for ships' masts.. " 

Frieze for carpets, common, thick, with colored de- 
signs, printed, up to 100 centimetres wide Metre. 

Do up to ISOcentimetres wide *« 

Cloth for billiard tables „ •• 

Woollen cloth, common, known as *' 8tar," of any color, 

up to 140 centimetres wide Metre. 

Woollen or satin-woollen cloth, with mixture of cotton, 

common, for.Burtouts, pantaloons or paletots......Metre. 

Do. fine ,. •' 

Woollen or satin-woollen cloth, common, from 127 to 

167 centimetres wide, for surtouts and pantaloons 

Metre. 

Do fine « " 

Woollen cloth, known as " castor," etc., from 127 to 157 

centimetres wide Metre. 

Do superior, for paletots •' 

Do very superior, known as " Montagnac," •* 

Towels ! 

Of cotton, craped and Telveted, including paper wrai>- 
pers .....Kilog. 

Do common « *• 

01 llncu damask or with mixture of cotton, inclmding 

faper wrapper Kilog. 
linen with Italian fringe 

Handkerchiefs: 

Pocket, of cotton, with or without hem or embroidery 
up to 80 threads in tho warp and woof, gross weight 
Kilog. 1.60 do 

Do above 80 threads in the warp and woof, gross 
weight « Kilog; 2.20 do 

Of cotton, imitating cambric, or silk handkerchiefs, any 
quality, gross weight. Kilog. 2.20 do 

Of linen, with cotton mixture, common, not hemmed, 
~. .J)ozen. 1.60 do 

Do hemmed „.... •« 1.50 86 do 

Do better quality, not hemmed ** 2.50 25 do 

Do hemmed „ » " 2X0 85 do 

Of linen, with mixture of cotton, fine, not hemmed 
^ Dozen. 6.00 25 do 

Do hemmed •* 6.00 85 do 

Of holland, batiste, linen, fine, plain and with em- 
broidered letters or colored borders, printed, without 
fine lace......... «. Dozen. 7.00 do 

Do embroidered or open-worked, without fine lace 

.J>ozen. 24.00 do 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



0.65 
LOO 

0.44 


Free 
15 p.o. ad vol 
85 do 

Free 


a25 

0.05 
0.06 

• 


85p.o.a<f«al 

Fna 

do 

do 


060 
0.60 
8.60 


25p,e.acl«al 


0.60 


do 


iS 


^ 


ZOO 
8.50 


£ 


8!60 
6.00 


i 


IS 


$ 


ZM 


t 



224 SPAiaSH-AMEBICAN MANUAL. 



ABTicun, BTC. Valuaiiom. Duty. 

PfcCi. 

XJSO 25 do 

2L60 <• 

2^ do 

9w75 do 

4.75 do 

6M do 

7X0 do 



7.50 
0.00 



5X0 



t 



5.50 do 

uisopenormaKe................. » * do 

Small cashmereMhawls of wool, called **TeniaTix,*' fine, 

twilled or plain ......................Each 50.00 85p.o. <uf oat 

Do imitation, common.......... ................... ......... '* 6.00 28 do 

CashmeroBhawlsol wool, called **Teniaax," fine, twilled, 

or plain .......«...«£acn 100.00 85 do 

Do imitation of the same *< 12.00 25 do 



Paper: 

racklnffpapc . „ _, 

Or cardboard for sheathing of ships..................... ** 0.10 Iteo 



r paper, common, called ''straw''..............Eilog. 0.14 86 do 



Of cotton, wlthoutgum, for printing, medium qualitj, 

...... : ...Z;. ,„..,.z!!::. .„ Kiiog. 0.25 do 

Cigarette, of any kind, includingcardhoaid boxes, etc., 

KUog. 0.55 85 p.a fld «al 

Cigarette, of straw, tabacco, linen, or with miztnre of 

cotton, of any kind, including cardboard boxes, etc., 

..^ „ „ ...Tkilog; LIO do 

Of cotton, in bands, for telegraph machines, including 

paper wrapper ....Kiloff. 

Colored, for wall-papering, gilt, common ........Roll 

Colored, for wall-papering, fire-gilt, medium quality, 

.....BoU 

Colored, for wall-papering, with velveted destens... •* 
Colored, for wall-papering, velveted and gilded, com« 

mon... .».Boll 

Colored, for wall-papering, velveted and fire-gilt, in 

rolls not exceeding to centimetres in width, and 6 m. 

68 to 8 m. 86 in length ....................JLoll 

Of any other kind 

Paraffine in paste...^*^.....................^..................... Kilog; 

Umbrellas : 

Of cotton, common — ................. Dosen 

Of wool, or with mixture of cotton, common....... ** 

Do superior " 

Or parasols of cotton, common, tho stick less than 50 

centimetres long ....Dozen 

Do medium quality. ...^ ** 

Dorsuperior .............m....... 

Hosiery and small wares : 
Clasps of cotton or mixture of any material, other than 

wool or silk, for curtains Kilog. 

Do of wool or mixture of silk or other material....Kilog 

* Tho valne to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspeetUm. 



0.25 

a4o 


Fteo 
85p.o.«d«al 


1.25 
1.00 




do 
do 


1.50 




do 


2.50 
080 


25 


do 
do 


6.00 
0.00 
14.00 




£ 


2.50 
5.00 

• 




£ 


2.60 
4.00 


» 


n 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COKMBBGB. 285 

ABIXCU8,SI€. VALUATIOH. DOTT. 

Umbrellas: Pi. Ci. 

Loopa, tiiiti, oordi^ fringet.'or faUoonsof ootton'ormix- 
.tnra of any material otncr than wool or silk for fur- 
nishing^ including boards, cardboard, or packing 

^paper..^..^.. „^^,^ ^Ilog. 2^ i&pM^QfimA 

Dopnrelyof wooltetc.^.*...................................... ** 4.50 do 

Do of wool with mixture of any material other than 
silk, etc.^.. ^ Kilc«; 8.50 do 

Looiw, tufts, cords, fringes, or galloons of wool, with 
mixture of silk or any other material, etc ....Kilog. 6.00 25 do 

Do of cotton, with a small quantity of silk or material 
other than wool, etc ». Kilog; 8.60 do 

Cotton cord, with core of hemp, for blinds, including 
boards, cardboard, or packing paper .........Kilog. LOO do 

Doof linen or wool, including Doards, etc " 2.60 do 

Do of linen or with mixturoof cotton, for corsets, in- 
cluding boards, etc Kilog. 8.50 do 

Do of cotton for corsets, including boards, etc...... ** 2l60 do 

Cords or laces of cotton, linen, or leather, with tags of 
metal, for shoes, including boards, etc.............„ Kilog. 2.60 do 

' 1 and other ornaments of straw or imitation Tor 



8.00 86 do 



hats, including boards, etc Kilog. 8.00 85 do 

Loops, tassels, cords, galloons or Greek fringes, of any 
•iaa^ of cotton, with or without beads, for trimming 
drcMCS, including boards, etc ..Kilog. 2.60 25 do 

Do of wool, with mixture of cotton, with or without 
beads, for trimming dresses, including boards, etc, 
..^.^......^.....^ «. «..KUog. 4M do 

Irlnges of cotton for upholstering, with or without 
glass beads, including boards, etc ..Kilos. 

fringes of wool or with mixture of cotton, for furni- 
ture, with or without glass beads, Including boards, 
etc ................ « « Kilog. 4.60 85 do 

Bands of wool, or with mixture of cotton, common, for 
embroidering wearing appareUincluding boards, etc., 
.^««.^...«.........« Kilog. 

Do of cotton, common, including boards, etc . " 

Baisins, in boxes, gross weight.........................^.. " 

Cuinuits, gross weight...................^...................^ ** 

Baser paste, indnding wrapper...........*^................ " 

COTttbe: 

Of wood, including cardboard boxes and packing 

faper............»........M..........»...........................»«.Ki]og. 
horn, bone, rubber, or caoutchouc. Including card- 
board boxes, etc....... Kilog. 

Of iyory or imitation bone *' 

Of India-rubber, plain, round, common, for children, 

......«...............M» ..« m Kilog. 

Do fine, with drawings and incrustations.............^.*...... 

Do Imitation, for children '* 

Animal hair 

Balls of India-rubber, painted or not............... ...... ...Kilog. 

Cotton seeds 

Periumery of every kind «. 

Venetian blinds, without cornices or ornaments, the laths 
exceeding three centimetres in width, common, 

„ ...U)ozen 

Do with cornices or other ornaments, flue 

Do other qualities...................^ 

Areometres^.......... .J)ozen 

Pish: 
Small, such as anchovies, herrings, sardines, dried, 
smoked, or salted, in wooden boxes, gross weight, 

.«....«... - Kilog. 

Do in tins «^ " 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after the customs inspection. 
Manual. 



2JS0 


25 


do 


LCO 




do 


0.20 


85 


do 


0.25 




do 


1.65 


25 


do 


1.60 




do 


2.60 




do 


20.00 


85 


do 


4.00 




do 


5.00 


25 


do 


• 




do 
Free 


ZOO 


85p.o.a(l«al 


-i. 




Free 


■" 


85 P.O. od vol 


60.00 




do 


• 




do 


« 




do 


2.00 


25 


do 


0.17 


85 


do 


0J25 




do 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



226 SPANISn- AMERICAN MANUAL. 

Abticlbs, btc. Valuatioii. DOTT. 

Fish: Ps. Cs. 

Largo, such M ood, mackerel, etc, 4ried, mioked, or 

Baited, in wooden boxes ....Kilog. 0.12 85 p.e. mi eol 

Salmon, dried, smoked, or salted, in wooden boxes, 
gross weight.................^.............................*^^ Kilog. 0.17 d» 

Hats: 
Guatemala or Manila, per square metre.....*......^^.. Metre 0.20 26 di^ 

Penivian, white, common, per square metre *' a40 d» 

Of hemp or Jute fibre, from 65 to 75 centimetres wide 

« ~. « ......Metre 0.80 d« 

Of cocoa fibre, from 80 to 90 centimetres wide " 0.45 de 

Stones: 
For sharpening razors., tne..,—^,....,^^....^. .. .. Dosen 7.00 do 

For sharpening common U>ols....^......*^............»Kilog. 0.14 15 do 

Pumice.:. . '• 0.15 do 

Sugar-mill, per pair......^...~........M ..^.......^.....^.Pair 150.00 dd 

Mill, mounted, per centimetre in diameter Centim. 0.08 d6 

1)0, not mounted........ ..»...........».KilO|r. 0.04 do 

Paying (excepting those of marble), not less than 51 

millimetres uiick, per square metre .«......Metre 2.00 25 do 

Lithographic.. — ^ ..- • 15 do 

Flint .Thousand 2.00 25 do 

Precious and fine pearls * 4 d» 

Furs prepared for ornaments or mantels * 85 d» 

Chiapa pepper, aromatic, in the grain, and black pepper 

in ffie grain -. «.....^Iog. 0.22 25 do^ 

Do in powder, including the receptacle *' 0.85 d^ 

Pimento, common, in the shell, gross weight ..m. *' 0.10 do- 
Do ground in tins •* 0.80 do- 
Pencils for drawing and painting • 15 do- 

Colors for painting of all kinds.............. — 25 do> 

Tobacco pipes : 
Of Clay, common ^ »Oross 0.60 85 do- 
Do medium quality « *• L25 d6- 

Do figured...:. „ «• 1.60 d^ 

Of wood or porcelain, small, common.. " 9,00 do- 
Do fine « • do^ 

Of imitation meerschaum, common Dozen 12.00 d6 

Of meerschaum, plain, small, fine " 48.00 do^ 

Do figured :......... •* 72.00 d*. 

Other qualities « * d*- 

Cotton, pique, with frieze, common, for children's 

clothes, up to 70 centimetres wide «». ..Metre 0.18 25 do^ 

Do medium quality ** 0.25 do- 
Do superior ......... " 0.55 d*- 

Marline, tarred ..Kilog. 0.85 do 

Do of hemp or esparto, from 9 to 21 millimetres in cir- 
cumference « « Kilog. 0.40 do 

Do of hemp, less than 9 millimetres in circumference, 

Kilog. 0.55 do 

Slates: 

fV>r schools, with or without frame of wood ...Dozen 

For offices 

Of porcelain up to 25 centimetres long .............Dozen 

Of all sizes for roofing ..Thousand 

For billiard-tables, per square metre Square Metre 

Exotic plants and their seeds.. ^ 

Cork soles for shoes ..Kilog. 

Gutta-percha soles for shoes « „ Dozen 

Silver, manufactured, gilt or not, as plate Kilog. 

Do in paste or lumps...: .».. 

Feathers : 

Superior for hats, colored ..Dozen 

Common, in plumes of three feathers ** 

Swan, superior for stuffing Kilog. 

Ostrich, natural ** 

* Tho value to be fixed by the authorities after Customs inspection. 



1.00 


Free 


• 


25p.c. odtnl 


8.00 


do 


25.00 


do 


4.00 


do 




Free 


0.90 


25p.c. ad vol 


2.25 


do 


W0.00 


85 do 


• 


Free 


8.00 


85 p.e. ad vol 


5.00 


do 


5.00 


25 do 


2.00 


do 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMSBCB. 227 

ARnCLISfETC. VALVAnOM. DUTT. 

Fi Cm. 

ftompene, imcot...... ^^„^,^^.,^„^ .Tlionaand 2.00 85 i».c. ad vol 

Docui .^ ....«.^.... •* 4.00 do 

Metal pens, for wyiting ^^„..,.,„^...,..,^ Qrois 0.24 do 

Tootli-plcks. in small Doxei......... .........Thousand 0.80 do 

Dusteiai, with feathers exceedliig25 centimetres long, and 

of foxrtails or imitations...... » Dozen 6.00 do 

Qunpowder : 

Coxmon, for mines Kilog. 0.20 15 do 

Sporthig, superior, in small boxes ..a..*.....^......... ** 0.80 85 do 

Ik) medium quality, in barrels...........................^. " 0.50 do 

Powders: 

Foreleaningmetal, including paper wrapper...... Kilog. ai6 25 do 

For Verifying wine, including paper wrapper...... ** 2.00 do 

Currrytinoluding paper wrapper...«»..................... '* 0.55 do 

Dry« known as **Paii8ian," for use in paintlng...«Kilog a40 do 

Poplin: 

Of wool, and of wool and ftilk ...... m — do 

Porcelain, white: 

P la tes , common, in hairels, casks, or cases, gross 
weight«.«.....« .-Kilog, 0,12 85 do 

Toilet sets, decanters, with or without glass, chande- 
lie(s« spittoons, candlesticks, table servioes, small 
poto, etc, in barrels and casks, gross weight...... Kilog 

Do in cases........ - •• 

Do8nperior,C(doredtffilded and enamelled, in barrels 
or casks, gross weigut ^.............-Kilog 

Do in cases, gross w^ht...... ** 

CrOleredj gilded and enamelled, superfine quality .....««« 

Dooraand windows, of wood »....».. ......^ 

Bracelets of cocoa-fibre and India-rubber, per pair, Dozen 
Point or tulle, of cotton, white, plain, 0.2 centa?o per 

centimetre in wldth............^. 

Do with designs, 0.3 oontavo per centimetre wide 

Cheeses of every kind, gross weight m.. .....Kilog 

Printed calico, cambrio muslins, satius, glazed lining, 

and creton of cotton, of eVery kind, netweight......Kilog 

Bnufif (powdered tobacco), specific duty ** 

Satino of wool, with mixture of cotton, common, for lln- 

ing garments, 0.5 oentavo per centimetre of width....... 

Do superior, 0.7 centavo per centimetre of width ^„^ 

Do of wool, common, for women's dresses, or linings for 

coats, 0.8 centavo per centimetre of width ^ — do 

Cuttings of gauze or cambric, of cotton, embroidered, 

comxhon, not exceeding 6 centimetres in width ...Metre OM do 

Cuttings of gauze or cambric, of cotton, embroidered, 

common, exceeding 6 but less than 10 centimetres, 

..•••M... .•.••.........•..•...........••.••.... «••••..•• ••.....■••.•. ...MMetro 

Fishing nets..„ ..«....; 

Watches of all kinds «.«. — .«.«• 

Oars for boats.» ..........Each 

Beps. of wool and cotton, common, up to 1S2 centimetres 

wide, for furniture — -...-.....Metre 

Do superior. - — .-. — — .- '* 

Do of wool, common, up to 182 centimetres wide— ** 
Do superior-..--.-.-.—.-...-........—.—.-.—..——.—. " 

Pine-vesin...- ———.—«..— KDof 

Beady-made clothing: 

Cotton-socks, common, for men— ..——....— Doien 

Do medium quality.....—. — — — *' 

Do fine. -...- ——...—.—.— -...— ** 

Do superior -...-.«—....- — —.-.—...-..- " 

Cotton socks, common, for children, -.— ** 

Do medium quality - - — ..— " 

Do fine - - - - •' 

Bocks of wool, or with mixture of cotton, common, for 
men.—.-.-.—.-.—— — .— -.. Dozen 2*00 do 

*Tbe value to be fixed by the authorities after the cust<mui Inspection. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ss 


t 


aw 

m 

tM 25 


1 


040 86 


do 


160 25 do 
UO Kilog 8.00 


— 25i».cadcal 

— do 



0.12 




do 


• 


15 


do 


— . 




do 


LOO 




do 


a85 

1.25 


25 


do 
do 


LOO 




do 


1.75 




do 


0.07 




Free 


OJO 


25p.o.ad«al 


1.50 




do 


8.50 

• 




do 


aso 




do 


a8o 




do 


1.75 




do 



228 SPANISn-AMEBICAK MANUAL. 

ABnCLB8,BTC. VALUATIOK. DUTT. 

Retdy-made dothlng: Pi. Cs. 

• Do medium quality ^^^^M.^^^^^^^^^... ** 8.00 25p.c. otfval 

Doflne............^.«...............^^.M^.~...^^^^^ ** &00 da 

Do superior ^^^^ » do 

Bocks of wool, or with mixture of cotton, common, for 
children... ..»».« .........u .................. .....Doxen 

Do medium quali^.....................^.......^...^......... " 

Do flue •• 

Men's paper collars................^ ..........w....... Oross 

Cotton stockings, common, for women.. .......«J>oien 

Do medium quality............. .......................^..^ *' 

Do fine ............«.......................^«..., •• 

Do superior *...«..*.. — ..... ;............».....« •• 

Cotton stockings, common, for men........ ....... ** 

Do medium quality ............................................M. " 

Do fine .:...... •• 

Do superior.......................... ^^..^^ •• 

Cottou stockings, common, for children...^........ ** 

Do medium........,...................-..^.....^...^ — ^...^ ** 



0J5 ' 


do 


1.25 


do 


2.60 


do 


1.25 


do 


0.70 


da 


IM 


da 


8.S0 


do 


• 


do 


1.00 


da 


1.75 


do 


4.00 


do 


• 


do 


aoo 25 


do 


1.25 


do 


2.&0 


do 


• 


do 


2.60 


da 


4.60 


do 


7.00 


do 


• 


do 


1.25 


do 


2.00 


da 


4.00 


do 


• 


do 


- 85 


do 



Do flue 

Do superior.. 

Woollen stockings, common, or with mixture of cotton, 
commou, for women or men ..............................Dozen 

Do medium qnality^.^.........................................^ ** 

Do fine *• 

Do superior »...« ** 

Woollen stockings, or with mixture of cotton, for chil- 
dren, common ~ 

Do medium quality.. 

Do flne ....•«. " 

Do superior » ..^ 

Wearing apparel of every other kind» 

Necklaces of common wood, with the beads strung on 

copper or iron wire — ............Gross 4.00 25 da 

Do of wood, carved, cocoa-nut, or bone, with the beads 

strung on copper or iron wire « .....Gross 12X0 do 

Sheets lor bed-clothes of cotton, craped, gross weight, 

.™..l KUog ua da 

Smpty sacks: 

Of hemp, for packing ^..^....^....^.^.^...............^...Kilog 0.85 15 do 

Of hemp or jute, such as Osnabnrgs, gross weight, 

orcK?tton,*gro8s"w*e*ight....«..... ........."I..™ •* 

Of linen canvas-cloth, gross weight — ..... — ....... ** 

Other qualities, gross weight " 

Bago, loose or in packets.. „.» ».».....•...... " 

Bait, common, powdered or in blocks Quintal 

Do refined or semi-refined, gross weight.......... — ..Kilog 

Sausages, loose or in tins, gross weight ... — ............. " 

Saltpetre, unrefined, gross weight " 

Salmon, in water, in tins, pots or glasses, gross weight, 

• «.« « ..Kilog 

Sauces of every kind, in tins, bottles, or glass flasks '* 
Sardines, preserved in oil, gross weight ................... *' 

Tissues: 
Of wool and cotton, for shoes, up to 10 cross threads, 

0.56 centavo per ceutimetro wide.. ...» ».......• — 25 do 

Do up to 15 cross threads, 0.63 centavo per centimetre 
'vriae»,^^».,^,^^^^,^^^^^^^.^^,^^^^^^^^ — do 

Tissues: « 

Of wool and cotton, for shoes up to 20 cross threads, 

0.95 centavo per centimetre ^vide ......«^.................« — 25 i».o. ad osL 

Do above 2d cross threads, 1.10 centavo per centimetre 

of width. .................;......„ — do 

Of wool and silk, for hose, up to 18 cross threads, L4 
centavo per centimetre wide......... — do 

*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 



0.40 


do 


0.65 


do 


0.65 


do 


0.16 


do 


0.17 


25 do 


0.70 


do 


0.05 


do 


0.60 


85 do 


0.04 


Free 


0.25 


85 p.0. ad wa 


a30 


do 


a85 


do 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OOMJCKBOB. 229 

AmcuEiv Btc. Valuatiom. Dutt. 

Tlaraet; Pi. Ci. 

* DouptoKeioM th w d i, 1^ oentSTo per eentimetra 

Tff4ii , r ... ■■■...... MTM.r.M. ■ ■ ■ ■ — Sftpwe.fltffal 

Bo ftbOTe25 eron threada, 2A centftTos per centimetre 

Ttftow, piSiicifc 'ifroi»'weJ^ l&OO do 

Do raw, grow weight ^ ** l&OO do 

iMiliii of cotton demmsk for the table, common, con- 
•ifting of a table-cloth, 2m InlengthvandUferviettea 

from 60 to GO centlmetrealong. „»^. Service 2JB0 de 

Bo medium qoaUty *« 8LdO do 

Boraperior — ^......^ — .^......^.......^....^......^.^ " fiuOO do 

Services of linen damask, common, consisting of a table- 
cloth 8 m 60 long^ and 13 aerviettea from 60 to 60 cen- 

tlmetrealong..^ .^..^...^.........Service ftUSO SpwCadoiriL 

Bo fine «• laoo do 

Bo ■nperior».......„^.....^».^.....-.«.^ ..—^ ..-^^ • do 

TlM aervlceo of linen damask, common, comprising a 
table-cloth 1 m 60 long, and 12 eerviettes from 85 to 40 

centimetrea long^.^....^...........— ^ .^...^....Servioe 4.60 do 

Bo line •• 7.00 do 

BoBuperior^............^.......^.....^^................^..^ *' • do 

fiOTiettea of cotton damaskt eommon, from60 to60 centi- 
metres long..^.....^ — ..^ ..^...^ Boxen OJO 96pbO.«d«al» 

Boanpcorior^ ...«.,^ — ..«^.......««....«« . •* L» do 

Bo of linen damask, common, from 60 to 60 centimetres 

loaig.^.^ »^..^..^ Boien 1^ 85 do 

Bosemi-flne.............. "2:60 do 

Bo fine. .............. " 5.00 do 

BoBoperior^.^................................... — ....«......».• " 7.00 do 

Table^oths of woollen cloth or cashmere, with stsmped 

designs, per ■qnaremetre...^... ^^^....Sq Metre LOO do 

Boof damasKof wocd or with mixture of cotton, per 

sqnare metre..................^.....^... ^^.......JBq Metre 0.60 do . 

EnTekmes of cotton paper, for letters, lined or not, in- 
elnoing cardboard boxes and paper wrappeis 

iZ Kll^ a80 » do 

Bo of linen paper. *' 2.00 do 

Bo of Bilk paper .................. — ^ •* 2M do 

Bo do with monograms " * do 

Hats: 
SaHors* or working men'a caps of balae, very common 

— ....«...«. « »...........J)ozen 2JB0 85 do 

Caps of oiled cloth, common, for children».»....« *' 2.60 do 

Do of Btraworhair, common^.«.... — ................ *' 7.00 do 

Bo of cotton, or with mixture of wool and linen, com- 
mon.. «...« ...........J>ozen 5.00 do 

Do of cloth, not embroidered, with or without peak, 

large and small, common ...J>ozen 9.00 do 

Do do other qualities......^..........^............... " * do 

Of wool, pressed, or of woollen cloth, for men or chil- 
dren „^ , ... — .J>ozen 9.00 do 

Do medium quality — ........................................ ** 15.00 do 

Do superior.... — «.. — «. «.. •• 24.00 do 

Of felt, silk, or mixture, round, with or without card- 
board boxes, for men Dozen 66.00 do 

Of hair or *' castor" cloth, round trimmed, ordinary 
Bhape, with or without cardboard boxes, for men 

.«.. « — ..... . Dozen 86.00 do 

Common, of coarse agave thread, known as "chaualos, 

machitos,orpavas flacas" » Kilog. 4.00 do 

Of superior agave thread, with large brims, without 

distinction of quality, gross weight Kilog. 8.00 do 

Of Italian straw, with wide or narrow brims, plain, 
common, trimmed or not, round or otherwise, for 
men....................^. Dozen 12.00 do 

• The value to be fixed by the authorities nftor customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



280 BPANISH-AHBBIOAN MANUAL. 

Abticlbs, ETa Valuation. Duty. 

Doforchildren.................^......^. I>oien 6.00 t5 p.e. cmImI 

Do fipt- for children............ ....T ......r........ « •* 10.00 do 

Of ItiUlan •tiaw, etc., eommon, with ornaments, for 

chlldreu..............—^.^......^.....^ ..............Dozen liJOO do 

Do fine ^ " 20.00 d» 

Of Manila or imitation straw, common, trimmed or not, 

formen...............^......^..... ».^... Dozen 23.00 SO p.e.a(i««i 

DoBuperior.................^.....-^.....^.....— .....~..- ** 80.00 do 

Of Telvet, hair, straw or imitation, with ornaments, 

common, for women .^.................Dosen 20.00 d* 

Do medium quality ** 82.00 4» 

Of silk, velvet, hair, straw or imitation, fine, trimmed 

and ornamented, without fine lace, for women. 

Dosen 06.00 4» 

Do with fine lace — ..................... * d« 

Other qualities — ♦ do 

Hats and parts of the same, not otherwise distinguished — 26 |».c. oef «tL 
Leather wads, prepared for the tips of uniard cues 

Thousand 4.00 85 do 

Eavana tobacco in leaves, or cut in any form (speciflo 

duty) .Kiiog. 0.80 Kllog. L60 

Tohacoo of any other kind (specific duty)....... ~. ** a40 do iM 

ilBves for small casks for vermicelli, wines or liquors, 

joined or not, crross weight. — . Kilog. a04 25 p.o. gd mA, 

Do of pinewood. not join^, up to three millimetres 

thick, 50 centimetres wide at the extremities... Metre CM do 

Do of cedar « «. " 0S» do 

Qunwads » » ...........^....^.........Dozen 1.25 85 do 

Billiard cues of common wood " 5.00 do 

Do fine, inlaid or ornamented ** * laoo do 

Harness, trunkmakers* wares, etc: 
Harness and accessories, common, for a carriage hone 

..............................Each 85.00 do 

Do medium quality ** 80.00 do 

Do superior » ....................................;. • do 

Tnaaksp covered with sailcloth or sheepskin, up to 60 

centimetres long — ..Each ZSO do 

Do up to 65 centimetres long. '* 8.60 do 

Do up to 75 centimetres long. . ..... *' 4US0 do 

Do unto 85 centimetres long <* 6jOO do 

Do covered with horse-skin leather, pig-skin leather, or 

ixnltation, up to 50 centimetres long .».£ach 4,00 do 

Do flo up to 65 centimetres long ».. ** 6M do 

Do do up to 75 centimetres long ** 7.60 do 

Dodoupto85centimetre8lonff *' 10 A) do 

Do covered with cow-skin leather, up to 50 centimetres 

long » .Each bJHO do 

Do do up to 65 centimetres long '* 7.50 do 

Do do up to 73 centimetres long *' 1L60 do 

Do do up to 85 centimetres long *' 15.00 do 

Satchels ....Pair 14.00 do 

Hat-hozes of sheep-skin leather or cloth.. Dozen 18.00 do 

Do of pig-fikin leather ** 80.00 do 

Do of cow-skin leather ** 48.00 do 

HaM)0zes for two hats have similar valuations to the 

above, with an addition of 60 per cent — do 

Game bags of hempen thread woven with pieces of 

copper, common Dozen 12.00 do 

Do medium quality *♦ 24.00 da 

Do. fine Dozen 86.00 85 p.c.atfvot 

Travelling bags of leather, common^ Each 8.00 do 

Do of carpet or strong cloth », ** L60 do 

Bags, with wooden bottoms, of sheep-skin, leather or 

cloth, in th3 shape of a portmanteau .Each 8.00 do 

Do of cow-skin leather ». — .... '* 6.00 do 

•The yalne to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMJCBCB. 231 

ABTICLB8, Era VALU4TI0ir. DUTT. 

BftraeflSftnmkmakera' wares, etc.: Ps. Ci. 

(Mdlei, common, of pig-skin leather, iilaln, with or 

without accessories, for men ..^.^...Each 90.00 do 

Do with a portion of common leather ** 16.00 do 

Baddies, very common, i^ain, with seat and sides of 

common leather, morocco, etc., for men .........Each 12.00 do 

Do medinm quality, with or without accessories, for 

women..... ..........m......m...........;.^.......mm.......m.....«» 2i.OO do 

Saddles of other kinds, superior or inferior....^..........^ * do 

Saddlery, tnmkmakers' wares, etc, not otherwise dis- 

tingUlSnAd^.tT,--.,,,r...,TTTT....T,r.T-..t.TrTrTiTrTr«tTT-TrTTt..»rTtT,TtTTTW — 95 PJO» Od fOL 

Venetian tale, whole, for soapmakers, gross weight 

^ r, Z.....«^...™ J...T..^.......Kltog. 0.04 do 

Do powdered* tu barrols and sacks, gross weight 

..T™......«.................«...............«.......,tf........^...Klk)g. OiOO do 

Do powdered, superior, in pots or glasses, including the 

•^mf ^,,, ......,,, Kfl Og. OJft do 

Tapioca, loose or in packeta, including the wrapper 

..,, ,1 ...K" ^ . Ol80 do 

'^Wting cards, €ommon.........^.....^.^.......^.M..«M ** 1.25 do 

Do fine....... ..........^......^.^......-..^....M....— —....MM. ** 2.00 do 

Cards for photographs^..^.^..............^ ^^^ " a70 do 

Tarlatan: 
01 cotton, white, for women's dresses, from 125 to 156 
centimetres wide and up to 20 threads in the warp 

andwoof.^......**........*.*...***.....^..^..^ Metre 0.15 do 

Doalx)Ye20threads..............................«.........».... ** 0.25 do 

Do do colored. An increase ahove the preceding Talm- 
ationsof L5centATopermetre.....................,...<M...»..-. — do 

Tartaiu 
Of wool and friese, with colored stripes or checks, com- 
mon, for lining winter garments, up to 140 centime- 
tres wide...M* ,„.,., ....,.,,. ......Mgtre 0.75 do 

Tea (speclfioduty)....,^.. .^......^ — .^ — KUog. 1.60 KUog 0.75 

WooUen knitted wares»common»«»....^....«»........... ** 8.60 25p.o.atf«oL 

Do wlto mixture of silk. ...• •• 7.00 do 

Do of merino...............^. — ^,..,.»^.....,^..„».^^....^ ** 5.60 do 

Do do with mixture of ailk..^^...... ..^ , *' 10.00 do 

Cotton knitted wares .^..,..^.,.^..^ " 4J» - 

Velvet of wool or with mixture of cotton, plain or woric- 
ed, for upholstering furniture, up to 70 centimetres 

^yid.e^axti..i»»«»nn> «>«.»».. -m.trm mi nt-T- 11 t--tt nTn-..i ...M^t^O 1*00 dO 

Ink: 
For writing, in bottles or flasks, of common glass, up to 

150 grams each, gross^.. .^ t)or.ftn 0l20 do 

Do with metal capsulc....^...^.... — ** 0.88 do 

Doiu stone bottles................. ».. ...............Jiitre 0l45 do 

Do in small stone Jars, up to IdO grams each, gross, 

..................».....................<»»......................»«».... Dozen 0.20 do 

Chinese, in iMurte... ........Kilog 2.20 do 

Forprinting or lithographing '* 0.40 Free 

Marking, In small flasks, up to 75 grams each, gross, 

common....^.......... Doaen 1.00 25 p.c. ad eol 

Bncea,of cotton and India-rubber, common......... ** 1.00 do 

Do do flue «.. " 8.00 do 

Do without elastic, with buckles............................ " 0.40 do 

Chalk: 

In blocks, for billiard cues.......».................».......«.Oross 0.60 do 

In sticks, for schools......... " 0.20 do 

Do for tailors « " 0.86 do 

Bacon, salted or in tins....... ^ » — ...... — Kilog 0.20 85 do 

Awnings of waxed sail cloths, 6 metres wide and 7 m. 60 

long....«......„.„« Each 25.00 25 do 

Do not waxed, 6 metres wide and 7 m. 60 long ». *' 20.00 do 

Carpets: 

Brussels, for rooms and staircases, gross weight ...Kilog L50 85 do 

•The value to be fixed by the ftuthorities after customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



232 8PANI8H-AMKRIOAN MANUAL. 

ABTICLBS, STO. VALUAnON. DUTT. 

Ctfpets: Pi. Cs. 

WooUen, of other kinds, giOMwelffht...............»..^Kilof LOO »p.o.«tff«l 

Of wool, felted, common, gross weight ................. ** UBO do 

Do known as **Brus8el8/' ^ross weight '* 8.90 do 

Of wool, felted, other qnuities, gross weight................. * do 

Candles: 

TWlow KUog OJi S do 

Of wax or imitation, and thoseof stearine, ornamented, 

...... ...^ . Kilog LOO 80 do 

Bo with gilding ** 2.00 do 

Of composition, stearine and paiafflne.................. *' 0.50 do 

Sperm..... *' LOO do 

Vinegar, common, in ordinary bottles — ................Dosen 2.00 20 oo 

Do in largereceptacles Litre a07 do 

Do known as **h>iat," in smallflasks, including the same, 

,^ ^ ..Kilog 0.40 do 

White wine, in common bottles (specific duty) . — Dozen laoo Dosen S.00 

Do in larger receptacles (speciflo duty) Litre 0.80 Litre 0.82 

Bed wine in common bottles (speciflo duty) .........U>ozen 10.00 Dosen 2.25 

Do in larger receptacles (speciflo duty) ^....^.............^^tre 0.50 Litre 0.25 

Labels or tickets, gilded, engraTodt of ordinary dimen* 

Bions, for bottles...............^. ..^M^Thousand 6jOO 85 p.0. dd vol 

Terbamat6 (speciflo duty) ...........^jgiog 0.20 Kilog OiOO 

Touchwood........................ ** L85 25p.cad«al 

Jute, raw ....« — ...............> •* 0.10 Free 

Snmac. in powder............... ** ai5 25px.acl«al 

6ilk. and manufactures of : 

Ribbons of silk and cotton * do 

Do for bordering Bhoe8........................««...».......Hectom 0.90 do 

Do of silk and cotton galloons, for hats.....M«... ...^Metre 0.00 do 

Plush, of black silk, with mixture of cotton, up to 00 

centimetres wide, for hats Metre L25 d» 

Do ap to 80 centimetres ......................................... ** L70 do 

Bilk and wool material, plain, for covering furniture, 

L5 centaTo per centimetre wide .»........<.... — d9 

"fiuna" of silk, with silver thread, with or without gild- 
ing, up to centimetres wide..........«».............».Metie 4X0 do 

Do with thread of common metal np to 05 centimetres 

wlde.........................»..........................................Metre 175 do 

Garters, of silk, or with mixture of cotton, with or 

without elastic.........................M.»...........«» Dozen 8L00 do 

Eandkerchiefe or neckerchiefs of silk and cotton, 

plain or worked............... .....»..».Kilog WOO do 

Umbrellas, of silk, wiUi mixture of cotton, common, 

..............................................^.......^........^...........Each 2.00 do 

Do of Bilk ^ « •< 8M do 

Parasols, of silk, with mixture of cotton, with or with- 
out lining, common, up to 50 centimetres long, meas- 
uring along the BtioJc ». Dozen 8.00 do 

Do do medium quality... ** 15.00 do 

Do of ailk, common, up to6D centimetres long, measur- 
ing aloug the stick .J)ozen 2100 do 

Do of Bilk, flue, plain or embroidered, up to 50 centi- 
metres long, measuring along the stick * do 

Satin, twilled, and similar materials of silk, with woof 



of cotton or linen, for garments or lining, including 
..__ . _^. ._^ ^. _^ ..^ __ - icking paper, 

..Kilof 



the cardboard, boards, ribbons, and packing pap 



Satin and rep of silk, with mixture of cotton or lineiH 
for furniture, curtains, etc., including oardboard 

boxes, etc — ..KiloNg 15.00 

Braces of silk, or with mixture of other materials, with 

elastics^ ..Dozen 

Manufactures of silk, not otherwise distinguished 

Steel, not worked, in bars or sheets, gross weight.....Kilog 

Do in sheets, for carriage springs <* 

Do in perforated sheets...... ** 

• The value to be flxed by the authoritips after Customs inspection. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



8.00 


do 




85 do 


0.12 


FlOO 


0.25 


do 


0.60 


25 do 



COfilMERCE. 23S 

ABncLBS, BTc. Valuation. Duty. 

Ps. Cs. 
Bharpeuers, with haft of bone or itag*! horn, common, 

for batcbeis. ^....—.m...^...^ .^.........» Dozen 2.50 15 p.o. ad vol 

Do common, for table knive8......M..........».....»......... ** 6.00 26 do 

Do with, haft of ivory or imitation, for table knives " 10.00 do 

Needles, thick, ordinarv......^..^.....M....M.......^^ThouBand 0.60 do 

8ewing'*needle8,inpacket&....^.....^...........«M....» ** 0.30 do 

Do inooxesorcasosof cardboard..........-.........^ ** 0.76 do 

Crochet-needles, common, without haft.»..........»Handred 0.79 do 

Do fine — ,^ «.^^.....«^..«.......^.....^ «« 1.50 do 

Do with haft, common..«i^...^..«.^...^.....«M....^ ** 2.00 do 

Doflne...«-~ ~-~ ^ «^.«-^ " 4.00 do 

Facktng-needles...^........^.^.^.....^.....^..^^^ *' 0.76 16 do 

Sail-needles .««. — ..^ — ...... .^- «• 1.50 do 

Mattrtes-needles ..^...^-^ ^ •• LOO 25 do 

Sewing-machine needles..^.«...«..^..«».^.,..»^..^« " 0.80 15 do 

Needles, bent «^.... «^....^ " 1.60 do 

Needles, magnetised, or oomi»as8 needles.«^.«^^J>ozen 12.00 35 do 
Wire : 

Of iron, for bottIe-stopper8................»«... ....,».^ Eilog 0.S0 do 

Do galvanized or tinned, for bottle stoppers.......... " 0.40 do 

Of bronze or copper......^.......^...........^,....^.^....... ** 0.60 do 

Of iron, galvanized with bronze or copper....».^...Kilog 0.18 do 

Of bronze or copper, for sieves, up to 60 centimetres 

wide «.«.......« « Metre 1,60 do 

Of iron, with staples, for fencing, not galvanized, gross 

weight »...«,.....«..,. .Kilog 0.09 do 

Do galvanized ,^....».,.. — ~........ " 0.12 do 

Of iron, for fencinsTi up to No. 7, inclusive ,^... " 0.07 16 do 

Do up to No. 0, inclusive....,,,.. ....„ ** 0.11 25 do 

Do up to No. 2a, iDclusive....,.»....„......«^.....~ '* 0.16 do 

Do Above No. 20 ». „...•......,.......«»•...... *' 0.20 do 

f Do galvanized, up to No. 7, inclusive '* 0.10 16 do 

Do up to No. 9, inclusive.................. ** 0.14 25 do 

Do up to No. 20, inclusive...^....^.................^... ** 0.19 do 

Do above No.20........ ** a26 do 

Qauze of iron wire, for sieves, up to 60 centimetres wide, 

^,,, ^, ., ......Jletie 0.40 do 

Do galvanized •• 0.50 do 

Of iron, for musical instruments ....^.....................Ellog 2.00 do 

Do covered with cotton or paper, for milliners...... ** 2.C0 do 

Do covered with silk, for milliners ** 8.00 do 

Pins, common, including cardboard boxes or paper wrap- 
pers...... — «....-KilQg 1.25 do 

Wooden pegs, with springs, for laundresses..»...JIundrea 1.00 do 

Wooden pegs without springs *' 0.25 do 

Pincers Dozen 2.00 15 do 

Almanacs or calendars of tin, varnished, for offices, up 

to 13 centimetres wide .»..........J)ozen 4.26 86 do 

Mortars of cast-iron, enamelled or not. Kilog 0.16 do 

Do of wood, up to 20 centimetres diameter, measured 

from outside to outside rim .J)ozen 4.50 25 do 

Do of glass, faience, composition or marble, up to 16 

centimetres in diameter. J}ozen 7.00 do 

Do up to 26 centimetres in diameter.... ** 10.C0 do 

Do above 26 centimetres in diameter.................' '* 24.00 do 

Horse combs^ common " 1.60 do 

Do fiiie......... " 2.60 do 

Portable stoves of tinplate... ...........From 6.00 to 12.00 85 do 

Anchors of Iron,... .^.... Kilog 0.18 Free 

Cruet stands, common, of white metal, nickel-plated, 

with from 4 to 7 pieces of glassware JEsLch 8.00 85 puc. ad fol 

Do common, of yellow metal, plated, with from 4 to 7 

pieces of metal Each 8JS0 do 

Do Very common, of tinplate or brass, silver-plated, 

with from 4 to 7 pieces ox glassware......... ...Each 1.60 do 

• The value to be fixed by the authorities after Customs inspeetipii. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



234 SPAMISH'AICEBICAM MANUAL. 

ABIICLBS, STC. VAXiOATION. UUTY. 

Pa. Cs. 

Do eomino?, of brltaani* metal, aihrer-pUitad, with from 
4 to 7 pieces of glassware ^.....». ...^.^..Each 2.00 25 p^ ad vol 

Do of iron, wood, paper paste or composition, with from 
4 to 7 pieces of glassware Dozen 8.00 do 

Do of wood, common, with from 4 to 7 pieces of glass- 
ware ....«., Dozen 4.00 do 

Rings, heads and points of Iron for umhrellas, inchid- 
ing cardboard and paper package.» KUog 

Spectacles of Ironware, common »..J>02en 

Do do superior 

Do with side glasses, common and medium quality, 
without cases..... ». — Dozen 

Do with cases - " 

Do do superior, with or without cases .»... 

Opera glasses of brass, common and medium qualltr, 

l^'with ieather.V.".'^^^^^^^^^^ 

Do enamelled or with painted porcelain, medium quality 

^ ^ „ .......,., ..Frf n 

Do do superior. ** 

Do known as marine, common...............^ " 

Do do fine « « 

Do of mother^f-pearl, tortolse^hell, ivory, medium 

quality « «. « .....Each 

Do do fine ^,..^ 

Telescopes: 

Common ......»» .J^ach 

Medium quality ».... " 

Flue .:. " 

Superior « « 

Fish-hooks.. «^ ...Thousand 

Apparatus for stretching fencing wire „Each 

Apparatus for wire making ** 

Ploughs, ordinary, and those known as *' cultivators," 

fitted or not, gross weight Kilog. 0.18 15 do 

BluKs: 

Of Iron, bronzed, for curtains. Including the cardboard 
boxes and paper wrapners » ..Kilog 0.85 25 do 

Of iron, with screws for small padlocks, including 
boxes, etc Kilog 0.45 do 

Of Iron, with fixed screws for small padlocks, in- 
cluding boxes, etc — Kilog 0.70 do 

Of iron, tinned, for reins and headstalls, including 
boxes, etc Kilog 0.85 do 

Of metal, silver-plated, for reins and headstalls, in- 
cluding boxes, etc — JCllog 1.60 do 

Of white metal, for reins and headstalls. Including 
boxes, etc ^ Kllrg LIO do 

Of mixture of tin and lead, for reins and headstalls, 
including boxes, etc ..Kilog 

Of iron or steel, common, for canying keys Dozen 

Sieves of copper gauze, up to CO centimetres in diameter 

Dozen 

Do of iron gauze, up to 60 centimetres in diameter " 
Do of thick wire, up to 60 centimetres in diameter '* 

Iron props for fencing wire Kilog 

Do galvanized for fencing wire " 

Bottle-holders, of metal, silver-plated, common, per pair 

« „ ...Pair 

Mattocks of iron, common, without handles..».......Kilog 

Susrar bowls: 

Of brass, polished ..........»......MM...M^...»J)ozen 

Of brltannla metal «.... *• 

Of white metal, silver-plated .«. " 

Adzes without hafts, for carpenters or coopers.... Kilog 

rrhe value to be fixed by the authorities after cuitoms inspection. 



0.60 




do 


1.26 




do 


• 




do 


1.60 




do 


2.60 




do 


• 




do 


2m 


86 


do 


8.60 




do 


4S» 




do 


5.00 




do 


7.00 




do 


• 




do 


7.00 




do 


• 




do 


4.00 


25 


do 


7.00 




do 


laoo 




do 


• 




do 


2.00 


15 


do 


4.00 


25 


do 


8.00 




do 



0.80 
0.40 




t 


13.C0 
8.00 

10.00 
0.12 
0.14 


15 


do 
do 


4.00 
0.20 


85 

15 


do 


6.00 
12.00 
86.00 

0.50 


25 

85 

15 


do 
do 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



I 



OQMMSBCB. 235 

AmncLEs, BTa Valuation. Dutt. 

Scslet: Pi. Ci. 

Small, in wooden box^s, for welgfalnflrgold, with platei, 

from 7 to 15 centimetres in diameter.. — Each 4.00 25 do 

Common, hand, with balance of iron and plates of 

hmss, up to 40 centimetres in diameter — .. Dozen 8.00 « 25 p^e. ad «al 

Do with plates of copper or bronze, up to 13 centimetres 

in diameter. .J)ozen 0.00 do 

Do up to 41 centimetres in diameter.. ** 16.00 do 

Ck)mmon, small, not roman, with a single plate, which 

does notoxceed 46 centimetrea in length Each 4.00 do 

Roman, with a single plate, for weighing up to 23 kilo- 
grams .. Each 6.00 do 

With a single plate known as " Union," for weighing 

up to 125 kilograms...... ^^ .Each 14.00 do 

Roman, flat, in cases of wood or iron, gross weight 

....Kilog 

For chemical and analytical operations 

Backets: 

Of iron used in mining operations Kilog 

Hand, portable, of tin,i>ainted J)ozen 

Of iron, hand, portable, painted, tinned and galvan- 
ized «....« « «.. Kilog 

Hand, portaMe. of wood, painted, with two or three 

bands of iron Dozen 

Hand, of oak, for ships " 

Hand, of wood, plain or painted, with hoops of bronze 

« Dozen 

Do of wood, with hoops of wood, in sets of three ** 

Do of gutta-percha......... " 

Trays: 
Varnished, very common, of iron, with cut edges, not 

bent Kilog 

Do of iron, common, with bent edges '* 

Do floe ** « •* 

Of composition, varnished, eommon .......J)eclm 

Of iron or brass, Tarnished, common, for candle 

snuffers ... Dozen a75 25 do 

Of metal, silver-plated, common, for candle-snuffers, 

Dozen 8.00 85 do 

Baths (shower), of brass, painted, or tinned, composed of 

several pieces ..Each 25.00 do 

Do of brass, painted or tinned, from 01 to 102 centimetres 

long, measured along the bottom Each 

Do do up to 114 oentimetres long « •• 

Do do up to 140 centimetres long " 

Do do with brass bottom, painted or tinned ** 

Foot-baths of brass, painted ortinned " 

Ramrods, with or without wad removers Dozen 

Gimlets, from 12 to 50 millimetres in diameter ** 

Small gimlets, with handles, to 25 cent. long.... .Doien 

Do with or without handles, common, to 16 cent...Gro8S 

Levers of iron „ ....„ Kilog 

Iron troughs ~ " 

Boat-hooks of iron, without handles ** 

Do galvanized ** 

Bits of cast-iron, common Dozen 

Do superior « " 

Scutcheons of wood, plain, for drawer locks Gross 

Do carved «« " 

Do of leather « « " 

Do mother-of-pearl and porcelain, for drawer locks...Gross 
Do metal, fllver-plated, without covrs, for furniture, Dox 

Axle boxes of cast-iron, for carts Kilog. 

Do for carriages „ «... *• 

Speaking trumpets for ships „ 

Iron pumps, common, for wells.« « Each 

•The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 



0.25 

• 


15 


do 

do 


0.25 
12.00 


85 


do 
do 


0.30 


25 


do 


aoo 

5.00 




do 
do 


6.00 
16.00 
21.00 




do 


0.55 
0.70 
0.90 
0.30 


85 


p 

do 
do 



6.00 


do 


10.00 


do 


14.00 


do 


6.00 


do 


2.00 


do 


9.00 25 


do 


5.00 15 


do 


1.25 


do 


4.00 


do 


0.08 


do 


0.15 


do 


0.18 


do 


0.24 


lo 


2.00 85 


do 


6.00 


do 


1.50 25 


do 


8.00 


do 


1.76 


do 


5.00 


do 


0.75 85 p 


.c.adved. 


0.14 25 p 


.0. ad vol. 


0.17 So p.o, ad vaL 


Free 


5.00 25 p.o. <zd volt 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



236 SPANISH- AMERICAN MANUAL. 

AsnCLIfl, BTC. VAIA7ATI0ir. DUTT. 

Pi. Ca. 

Chain, ftmntatn, etc.. pomps, with aocenoflet for ^^Ua. 

not including the chain and pipe... ... .^..^............JSacn 6.00 25 p.c a4 vol 

Accessories for chain pompi for wells, not including the 

chain and pipe...... ^.......^..^ ...«»... Doaen 12.00 do 

Pumps of copper, for barrels.... »....».....«.. " 4.00 do 

Fire pumps with accessories............... „ ......... Free 

Bteam pumps, for irrigating fields and pumping mines..... * 15 p.o. a4 miL 
Bteam pumps, with tubes of gutta-percha or leather, for 

pumping mines, together with their aecesaories......^.... * do 

Boats and sloops, mounted or not» ................ Free 

Small tubes for drinkiug verba mat6, of tin..................Gros8 1.25 85 p.c. ad vol. 

Do of metal, silver plated........................ , ,...Dozen 1.50 do 

Small braziers, bronze, up to ceutm. in diameter..JDoz. 1.75 25 p.c. ad vol. 

Do of metal, tinned or silver-plated, common. ... do 4.00 85 p.o. ad vaL 

Braziers of ordinary shape, of bronze, with framework 

of same metal «. Each 8.00 25p.o.ad«afi 

Do in the form of fiower-pots, with or without a kettle, 

up to 65 centimetres in height..........»....<»............^ach 10.00 do 

Do of wrought iron, ordinary ahape Kilog. 0.80 do 

Do of cast iron « »« 0.10 do 

Clasps or hooks of iron wire, any color, including small 

cardboard boxes or the paper wrappers...............Kilog. LOO do 

Bronze, in powder. " 7.00 do 

Do manufactured, with or without small parts of iron or 

porcelain, as screw-rings, mortars, rings, lamp chains, 

tnbes, knockers, cocks for barrels, welgnts. pommels, 

door locks, springs, pulleys, smaU wheek, hinges, etc, 

including cardboard boxes and paper wrappers....Kilog. Lift do 

Brass, manufactured, as burners and rings for lamps, 

keyholes, etc., including caraboard boxes and paper 

wrappers ^.Kilog. 

Cables of metal thread » ^ ** 

Saucepans of cast iron, tinned.....................M».....M* *' 

Do with porcelain .....„«.« ** 

Chains, iron, with links more than 18 mllm. diam. ** 
Do, the links not exceeding 13 milm. in diam....^.. ** 

Do for balances ««................««, " 

Do for well pumps ...............«.......«^....«.., •* 

Do for carts .............................. •* 

Do for doors «.....«...«^................« " 

Do for dogs.. 



Do of common metal, gilded, for watches.»..........Dozen 

Cofflee-pots of tin, not varnished, common, from 5 to 24 

decilitres in capacity ..................»...........J>ozen 

Do of less than 5 decilitres capacity .. ........... " 

Do Britannia metal, com., 5 to 20 dedl. capacity... '* 
Do whito metal sUver-plated, «• " " ......Each 

Safes of cast iron ......^....Kilog. 

Do of wrought iron, plain, fireproof ...................... ** 

Do do ornamented with nails ««.. " 

Tea caddies, tin, painted, com., to 20 centm. long..J)ozen 

Do of Britannia metal, not silver-plated..... «.*-. *• 

Boxes of tin, painted, from 80 to 11 centm. long».... Each 

Do from 15 to 80 centimetres long, for tills.........».... *' 

Boilers for steam machines, gross weight.................Kilog. 

Heating apparatus, copper, tinned or not, in cylindriciu 

form, and with two pipes, for baths.......................Each 

Do of tin, etc « ...^.......^....^ " 

Shoe-horns of metal ................................»....J)ozen 

Do of horn or bone — ...../..... " 

Bells of bell-metal — .................Kilog. 

Do of steel... «....«.....«. " 

Do of castiron...... .,....«. •* 

Rings of bronze, for umbrellas — ......................... ** 

Do silver-plated..... •• 

Hand-bells, metal, with gonga, to 9 oentm. diam.. J)ozen 

*Tho value to be fixed by the authoritiea after cuatoma inapection. 



1.76 


do 


0.85 


do 


0.20 


do 


0.40 


do 


0.09 


Fiee 


0.11 


15p.c.cul«aL 


0.40 


do 


0.20 


do 


ail 


do 


0.£0 


do 


0.80 


do 


8.00 


25p.c.ad«aL 


4.00 25p,cadvaL 


2.50 


do 


24.00 25p.c.a(liNil. 


7.50 


85p.C. OdVOL 


0.14 


do 


0.24 


do 


0.85 


do 


6.00 


do 


24.00 25p.cadeal. 


2.00 8JPC. ad vol. 


L25 


do 


0.15 15 p.c. od INXL 


7.00 25p.c.adiNil. 


4.0D 85 p.c. ad val. 


2.C0 25 p.c. ad vaL 


1.00 


do 


0.70 


do 


0.80 


do 


0.14 


do 


8.00 


do 


2.60 


do 


2.60 


do 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CQMMBBOK. 2 

AmncLBs, BTC. Valuatioic. DuTr. 

Pi. Cfl. 
Bells, with springs, for houses, including aocess'rs D08«d 10.00 85 p.o. ad Mt 

Do of metal for animals „ « ** 2.50 25 p.o. atf «a4 

Do of Irou, for animals *• " "^ 

Do electric ^. »* 

Baskets, of metal, silver-plated, common, np to 80 centi- 
metres long, for bread, imit. etc JSach 

Padlocks of Iron or bronze, withx>r without keys ». 

Chandeliers, bronze, without relief, one light Kllog. 

Pipes of wrought j ron, for chimneys, stoves, etc. ... ** 

Do large « •• 

Do galvanized „^« ** 

Do of cast Iron. •• 

Do of lead or composition, gross weight. '* 

Do of wood, for wells Dedm. 

CapsQlesof metal, f or bottle^toppers Kilog. 

Winchester rifles :..JSacn 

Cartridges of every kind « « 

Bobbins of tin, painted, for packthread....... .Each 

Wheelbarrows: 

Of iron, with one wheel ^». *' 

Do with two wheels *• 

Of t7ood, with one wheel " 

Do With two wheels, np to 1 m. 60 wide " 

Siniilar to preceding, exceeding 150 centm. wide.. ** 
Small bedsteads and cradles of iron, complete, with or 
' without gilding or knobsof brass, gross weight... Kilog. 

Do of^iron, with parts of bronze, gross weight « " 

Do of bronze, corresiionding parts Iron, gr. wt ** 

Do of bronze, without pieces of iron, gross weight. ' ' 

Do all other kinds. : *• 

Planes, mounted, of all kinds (with exception of mould- 

ing'planes), with accessories, to 66 centm. wlde..Dozen 

Carpenters'mouldingplanesof all kinds Each 

Anchor-stocks of iron ..Kilog. 

Locks, iron and bronze, for doors, drawers, etc 

Scissors of steel Kilog. 

Nails of copi>er used in sheathinff ships «. *' 

Do of composition, usedin sheathing ships '* 

Do other kinds. 

Copper^sheets or plates, for sheathing shipB..........Kilog. 

Do for other uses ..« *• 

Do in perforated sheets, forsieves ** 

Do old, in lumps or as old sheathing .... ........... ** 

Do manufactured, In blocks, common, 4,000 grams and 

above Kilog. 0.86 do 

Stoves, wrought or cast iron, with or without accessories, 

or pieces of the same metal, together or separate, gross 

weight ..KUog. 0.14 4o 

Angle iron, crosses, and other pieces of wrought iron, 

not galvanized, for Joining pipes, gross weight... Kilog. ai6 do 

Do galvanized, for joining pipes " 0.26 do 

Strainers of tinned iron, for co£tee-pots Dozen 0.60 85 do 

Collars of leather or metal, for dogs ** 8.00 26 do 

Hammers of iron, common, without hafts Jlllog. 0.12 16 do 

Do of steel, without hafts " a20 do 

Compasses of iron, common, without screws.....«».Doaen L60 do 

Do up to 80 centimetres long........^.^...... ** 4JI0 do 

Do of iron and bronze, common.....!: ** 1^60 do 

Head pieces of metal, silver-plated, for harnesses, per 

pair ...Dosen 2M 85 do 

Do German silver ** tM 25 do 

Cornices of bronze for curtains, including paper wrap- 

pers.„ Kilog; MM 85 do 

Penknives • do 

Crosses, metal for rosaries, brass, np to 88 millm....Gross OM 25 do 

* The value to be fixed by the authorities after Cnstomi inapmfUmu 26 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1.76 


'do 


• 86 P.O. od ML 


6.00 


do 


— 26p.c.ad«aL 


LOO 


do 


0.22 16p.c.adfa£. 


0.12 


do 


0.15 


do 


0.08 


do 


0.12 


do 


0.02 25 P.O. odwL 


1.00 15 


pcodvoL 


28.00 85p.C.odfal. 


— 


do 


0.60 


do 


7.00 16 


p.c.atffol 


4.50 


do 


4.00 


do 


8.00 


do 


12.00 


do 


0.12 86p.e.ad«fli 


0.25 


do 


0.46 


do 


0.80 


do 


• 


do 


10.00 15 


do 


4.00 


do 


0.13 


Fiee 


— 25 


p.c. ad«oL 


0.60 16 


do 


0.60 


Free 


0.66 


(« 


— 25p.C.adf«L 


a66 


Free 


0.60 26p.cad«a& 


0.86 


do 


0.26 


do 



^S$ 8PANISH-AMBBICAII MAinJAL. 

AltTICLBS, STC. V; 

Poltoytof iiDB. eomwon..............^.....^ ..^^.......Kilog. 

iiM bowlaof boxwood, common...»^»....^.^^I)ozen 

Do of ebony ,.»m,^.».»»»*^— «^....^...^«....».^ '* 

r>o of Ivoiy..^......-. ^......^.....^......^~.^^^ " 

iioons: 
« )f metal, lilTei^lAted, ordinary ilse, common».J[>oien 

1/0 teii...„«r.V™3r.V!3.7.7ZV/Z^^^^^^ •• 

OOioup ....^.... »....^M....^ ««..^..- •• 

<»l erery other klmd ».......»......^ ; ^.....«^... 

Laroe, f or carpenten and coopers J>oaen 

(«o lor tanneie and onrriera ».....». ..»..^. ** 

|k> witb haft of wood, oommon, for butchers, with 
bUdes more than 15 centimetres long. .Dosen 

80 do fine;. - « ** 
f OTsry other kind not otherwise mentioned... — ». 

<>M>r plittet of poroelatn or glass, common. — ....»....Dosen 

J9o superior - « ** 

iMmrs of iron lor drilling Iron, from 80 to 45 centimetiee 

long^ «. .« ..Each 

Do up lo COeentiinetres • ** 

Chimnty piecea or stOTea, of bronse or marble.......^...^.^ 

ChoeiMlte pots of tin plate, not Tami8hed...^.....».J)ocen 

Rowlocks of wrought iron........ »...JUlog. 

to of iron, galTaalzed ** 
ulesfor carpenters ».......»..I)osen 

Thimbles of bronse or of whito metal....... Oross 

Do of tpon " 

Do, metal, with pieces of leather for sailmaking ... ** 
Snufllers, iron, very common, varnished or n0t»....Doien 

Do of iron or yellow metal, common.....^....,. " 

Do of ateel or iron, fine, with springs «,...«....... " 

Do of metal, silver-plated, with plate '* 

THrnscrews of iron, for carpentMs........^................. " 

Inamonds for cutting glass Each 

Axl&4vees of iron, common, for carts........» .Quintal 

Do, carriages, with or without caps of brs., com......Eaeh 

Dm covers of metal, of all kinds ................Kilog. 

Kuramets of lead, for seamen.....^.. .... ............ " 

Hawsevs of iron » ** 

Carbines, every kind not otherwise distinguished............ 

Spittoons, round, of brass J)osen 

Do of iron, varnished or painted..............^............. " 

Do of tin, varnished or painted........ " 

Enamel, prepared for artiflcial flowers, including paper 

wrappers Kilbg. 

Do ofaamented with imitation stones, etc, including 

paper wrappers » » ........Kilog. 

Emery » mm............. ....« " 

fipurs: 

Of Iron, large, per pair. ». <...........»» '* 

Do tin-plated, per pair..............M..............MM..M.... << 

Do small, common, tin-plated or not, per pair... " 
Of white metal, allver-plated, medium or small sise, 

Per pair ..Kik)g. 
Qerman silver, medium or small size, per pr. ** 
Of yellow metal, silver-plated, mediuiA or small sise, 

per pair „ .Kilog. 

Of oUier kinds Z. 

Skimmers, lron> tin-plated, for use in cooking.......J>ozen 

Tin in bars or sheets ...m. ....Kilog. 

Do ii) leavea for covering bottles ^ ** 

Stripgof wrought iron for bottles '* 

Dog%lvani«d „ " 

Stirrups of all kinds, per pair ».»..... 



^.'^ir*- 




0.1B 15 


pus.a4Mf 


1.25 25 


^o 


4.00 


do 


16.00 


do 


5.00 S5 


do 


t^ 


do 


do 


24.00 


SS 


J^?"* 


S 


160 
8.00 


< 

do 


r«* 


<0 

i 


5.00 


«• 


8.00 


d9 


4.60 


i 


ss» 


£ 


SfiO 25 


^ 


1.25 


d» 


12.25 
0.40 


^ 


1.00 


do 


8.00 
12.00 85 


3S 


2.60 15 


do 


8.00 


do 


10.00 25 
8.00 


Z 


1.50 


do 


0.18 


do 


QM 


Pieo 


^--gp.c..a4frt; 


8.00 25 


do 


8.00 


do 


8.00 85 


do 


7.00 


do 


18.00 


do 


O.20 25 


do 


^ 


t 


14.00 85 


do 


12.00 25 


do 


8.00 85 


n 


• 25 


1.00 


do 


0.60 


Free 


1.25 25p.c.aclfaL 


0.16 


do 


020 


do 



*The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AsncLUkBTC. VAUJATioir. Duty. 

Pf.Ci. 
GiM. oontaiiklDg ipooD, knife and fork, for nae In trmv- 

ellin8.w. »^..^».......».. ^...^ Doaen 16.00 26 px. ad vert. 

LantemSfOf glass, oomBion» for carriagef Pair 8.00 85 do 

Do large, fine ^ ..^ ^ ** 15.00 do 

Hoops of Iron or wood ....KUos. 0.07 Pre« 

Foils for fencing................................................. ....Pair 2.00 85 p.c ad MM* 

B«radl% labres^ common, with ornaments of metal, 

white or yellow, for offloets............ ..................Each 8,00 do 

KetUes: 

Cast Iron, not tinned* 48 klloM. wt and aboTe....Kllog. 0.00 25 do 

And stoyes of cast lion, tinned. « ** 0.90 do 

Do of wrought Ifon......... .». .......... " a25 do 

Do tinmed or galTanlsed ..................................... ** 0.80 do 

Chisels and googes, without baft...........................Doaen 2.00 15 do 

Do with haft ........ «• 2.00 do 

Iron forges, portable, of all slies ....Bach 20.00 25 do 

aiasi pocket flasks, for Uqnevn, coyerad with straw, 

leather, or metal....».............................................Dosen 6.00 86 do 

Bellow*: 

Hand, domestic nae, to 20 oentlms. wide, fine... » ** 10.00 26 do 

Do eommon.»» .^.................m..^..................... ** 8.00 do ■ 

I>oi]pto26centlmetteawlde..... " 4.50 do 

Do up to 88 oentiiietres wlde.................................Baoh 8;00 do 

Do np to 50 centimetres wide................. ** 6.00 do 

Do forforges, froM 51 to 108 centimetres wide 

Bach from 7.08 to 88.00 15 do 

Percnsrion caps, lor carhinea and pistols. ....Thonsand OJO 86 do 

DoforgonsorrlflOB ** IJO do 

Do small, with clasps or points for cartridges... '* 1.50 do 
P^NUsslon gon. With or without bayonet, common , for 

soldiers „ ....Ba^ 8.00 66 

Buckela of wood, painted, with hoops of Iron, in sets, 

from 5 np to 41 centimeters in diameter »...8et 2.00 25 do 

Do from 8 to 61 ceutimetret la diameter......... ** 4.00 do 

Pegs or bronae (for hanging clothes), with or without or- 
naments of crystal or potclo., Inci. papr. wrap. ...Kllog. 8.00 do 
Do of iron, not galvaniied, with or without small hooks 

- ....Kllog. 0.18 do 

Iron Isieks for raising weights — do 

ICarktng gauges, with iM^ees of bronae or argentine, for 

carpenters. ^ J>osen 7.00 do 

Rings for anchom....... ..Kilog. 0J8 Frso 

Do for chains ** a20 do 

Bowline-cringles of any material • do 

Axes of Iron, com., without handles, workmen Kllog. 0.20 16 p.c. ad roL 

Do polished, or with steel, without handles, for woric- 

men or carpenters Kllog; 0.45 do 

Do do wfth handles^ for workmen and carpenters, <* a40 do 

Do do Wtth short bandies, for carpenters <* 0.50 do 

Small hatchets of iron, common, wfth handles, for do- 
mestic use ..Kllog. 0.40 do 

Buckles: 
Of metaL sUyer-plated, flue, up to 5 centimetres long, 

for sashes and girdles — ............... — Doaen 8.00 85 do 

Do more than 5 centimetres long. ** 8.00 do 

Do u^ to 25 minimeti^ long, for spurs .»Gross 4.60 do 

BlcklecK coihmon ». Dosen 1.25 15 do 

Scythes, laige, for mowing. ..». '* 12.00 do 

Apparatus for i6e making....... — 25 do 

Iron hone-shoes............» „ Kllog. 0.12 do 

lion: 

Raw, in bars, squared, rounded, etc Kilog. 0.05 FiM 

In sheets, grooved or plain, painted " 0.09 25p.c. odfoL 

Do neither galvanized nor painted " 0.08 15 do 

Dogwranlzed *' 0.12 26 do 

•The value to be^ftx^dby the authoMtlet after customs inspection. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



240 SFAMISH-AMEUCAN MANUAL. 

ABTICUSS, BTC. YAUOAYtOM. DUTT. 

Iron: Ps. Ci. 

Do perforated .,...^,»..,.^,.,„^,„„.^,..,^..„^..mKilog, 0.80 S5B.o.oilf«L 

Ciirt in ingots .^ " 0.08 Vim 

Manufactured, oast or wrought, tinned or not, painted 
or not, as handles for trmnks. plates, pen, small 
hooks, knockers, baking moulds, rowels for spurs, 
pulleys, counter^weight pulleys for windows, wheels 
tor furniture, etc., including paper wrapperB...Kilo8; 0.80 25 p^o. mi voLh 

Manufactured, cast or wrous^ht, with porcelain, white 
or colored, and articles of brass, tinned or not, as 
plates, moulds for baking, cups, etc, etc., incindlDg 

paper wrappers.. ».. — ....^...............Kilog. 

Irons for caulkers .........JDozen 

Do for tinmen *' 

Plates of iron, up to 63 millimetres wide, for Joiners' 

planes »............».............J>ozen 

Do do double „«...........«.« ««.». *• 

Do plain, up to 100 miUims. wide, coopein' planes. ** 

Do Qouble " 

Do for saws for carpenters Dozen from 2.50 to 

Sheets «f iron, tinned, common, in wooden cases, gross 

weight «. . . — Kilog. 

Coffee grinders for domestic use.................... ....Dosoi 

Stoves of cast iron, for roasting...... .................. ....... ** 

Pitchforks of iron and steel, from 3 to 6 teeth.................. 

« ...«. Dozen from 7.00 to 

Hairpins of iron or brass, loose or on paper, induing 

paper wrappers...... ....................Kilog. 

Do sup., in cardb. boxes, incl. paper wrappers.^.... " 

Printing presses and accessories 

Indicators for steam machinery 

Pots of faience or porcelain, with cover of metal. ....... 

..J>02en from 9.00 to 

Do common, of iron, painted, for iavatoiles, up to 8 

litres capacity.... ..«»•..............•.«« JDozen 

Do do of brass *' 

Do tin, eom., for drinking, up to 15 centims. high. *' 
Birdcages of iron wire, painted, with or without gilding, 

common ....J>ozen 

Do of bronze wire, common............. " 

Do of iron or bronze wire, fine ................................... 

Imitation of jewelry not otherwise mentioned............. . 

Fire-irons. ....Set 

Lamps of tinned sheet iron, or with pieces of bronze, 

' wimout handles, for miners — ...J)ozen 

Do do with handles " 

Do of bronze, without handles, for miners.... » ' ' 

Do do with handles, for miners " 

Do one light, with reflector, for hanging on walls... " 
Brass in rods or tubes, for carriages, etc.....«».......JCilog; 

Lavatory sets of tinned sheet iron, painted, consisting of 

a basin and pitcher..................... .Set 

Milk jugs of Britannia metal, for tea services Dozen 

Do silver-plated, common '* 

Awls without handles, for shoemakers Gross 

Do with handles ** 

Files or rasps, every kind, includinj? paper wrap...Eilog; 
Hand lanterns, com., tinned sheet iron, paintea....Dozen 

Taps (water), of bronze or copper, fine ,. .Kilog. 

Do of tin, or of tin and lead, for barrels Dozen 

Do of wood, for barrels " 

Keys: 

Common, for axle-heads •• 

Doiine — •* 

Of iron, bronzed, varnished or tinned, for small pad- 
locks .J>osen 0.60 25 do 

«The value to be fixed by the authoritiea after customs inspection. 



0.6a 


do 


L75 Ifi 


do 


5.60 86 


do 


2.00 15 


do 


aoo 


do 


8.60 


do 


7.60 


do 


4.50 


do 


0.14 


Jtxee 


17.00 25p.c.atffal. 


10.00 


do 


15.00 


do 


0.60 


do 


0.75 


do 


• 


Freo 


• 16f 


Lcodfoli 


18.00 25 


do 


5.00 85 


do 


7.00 25 


do 


0.60 85 


do 


16.00 


do 


80.00 


do 


• 


do 


• 26 


do 


ZM 


do 


2.60 85 


do 


4.60 


do 


6.00 25 


do 


7.00 


do 


16.00 


do 


1.26 


do 


1.00 86 


do 


12.00 25 


do 


80.00 86 


do 


0.60 16 


do 


8.60 


do 


a40 


do 


8.00 85 


do 


2.00 25 


do 


1.60 


do 


LOO 


do 


6.00 16 


do 


14.00 


do 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COIIMXBCS. 241 

ABTICLB8,BTC. YALUAnOM. DUTT. 

Km: irs. Cf. 

of bronze, for small locks »....».M^.«....J>os6n LOO 25 p.e. a4 «al. 

Of iron, for drawer locks ».......^......... " 1.00 do 

Of iron, wrought or bronzed, varnished or tin-plated, 

for door locks ......m.......» »........»...............^Dosen LOO do 

Do polished ^ .............. " L60 do 

Of bronze, for door locks....................................... ** 2.00 do 

Of nickel, for door locks " 8.00 do 

Of steel or bronze, common, for watches Gross 2.00 85 do 

Metal, ^ded' or silyer-plated, com., for watches... ** 10.00 do 

Hangers for cooking, of iron ».. Kilog. 0.40 26 do 

Shackles of iron, with keys, for horses......»...........J>ozen &00 do 

Hafts of wood or iron, for axes, hammers, etc................M — do 

Butter dishes, with plates, of metal or crystid and with i 

bottom and coyer of metal 8ilyer-plated...............Dosen 80.00 16 do ' 

Sewing machines, hand or feet, with or without covers 
and accessories, withoat fastenings or wooden table, 
gross weight................ ^ .....JUloc. a60 do 

Do with pedals, iron fastenings and wooden tablCtWith 
or without covers and accessories, gross weight..Kilog. JO 6» 

Do fastenings and wooden table and cover, with or with- 
oat the machine, grou weight....»..^...................Kilog. a25 do 

Do with pedals, with furniture • 

Ifachines fOr amoulture, mining or the arts, fitted or 
not, gross weight. ...................»......«^.......... »Kilog. 

Hammers of lion or steel, not otherwise mentioned.^...... 

Mallets of inm, for carpenters..— ..^............^..'......Kilog. 

Do of wood m ............Doaen 

Bits for borers, oommoa — „....——... '* 

Do Une. .m«.....m. ^,.i,.,,h.„.,,j,, i....i., ■ ** 

Tape measures, up to 122 oentimetrai long, in small 
boxes of brass or wtfod, for ppoket* oommou......J)ozen 

Do do up to 10 centimetres..... .^— ...... " 

Do do up to 22 eeati metres.. «.»«»■.. •* 

Do, sttf varnished, eom., up to 160 oenttma. long. '* 

Measures of boxwood, with pieces of bronae, folding, 
for carpenters, etc — .....>^...— ...—.»...... J)ozen 

Do. wood, for liquids in barrels or casks...M..»....... ** 

Yellow metal, sheets or plates, for sheathing ships, Kllog. 

Do serap or lumps, or as old sheathing metals...... *' 

Yard measures, wood, bronze, bone, ivory or whi^ebone. 

Moulds of tin, for confectionery...^..........— ...^........Kilog. 

Do of falcAoe, 10 to 25 centimetres long...»........»...Dozen 

Coffee mills, common, with case of wood....— ....... ** 

Do of cast iron......M.....MMM.....M.................MMM....M... ** 

Do of iron, with hopper and fly wheel, not exceeding 51 
centimetres in diameter.........»...«..— •m.mmmm.m— ..Mluush 

Do do with wheel, exceeding 51 centims. diameter. ** 

Motors of every kind, gross weight.....— ....»— .........Kilog. 

Ammunition bogs, of leather and chamois-skin......—.... 

Knives with forks and spoons, for pocket ..Dosen 

Do common, with haft of bone or wood, for the use of 
sailors.....— ......— ...—.......—......—....—.....— ..Dosen 

Do do fine ....—.......—..—........—................— ^....... *' 

Baaors, with or without ease.....— ....—.........—......— ... 

Levels, 25 to 00 centims. long, for carpenters.....— .J>oien 

Do from 61 to 00 oentimetresTong. —......... ** 

Eyelet-holes, of metal, for tailors, eto...............— ...Kliog. 

Saucepans, of cast iron, not tinned...........— .»......« ** 

Do tinned, with or without cover ....... ......— ........ *< 

Do interior of porcelain, with or without cover— ** 

Tinsel. ............— M— ——.....» — ... •* 

Pans, o'rcast 'iron7with tnte^on oTporoeiiu*n.ir.^ " 

Shovels, of wood, with handles ..J>osen 

Do of tin, painted, small, for domestic use " 

* The value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 
Manual. 



0.20 


do 




do 


0.12 26 


do 


2.00 15 


do 


OM 


do 


2.00 


do 


4.00 25 


do 


8.00 15 


do 


16.00 


do 


0.60 25 


do 


4.00 15 


do 


10.00 25 


do 


0.60 


Free 


a20 25p 


».o.a(ffal. 


-.• 


do 


0.60 85 


do 


2.00 25 


do 


4.00 26 


do 


6.00 


do 


4.00 


do 


7.00 


do 


0.20 


do 


0.14 85 


do 


— 


do 


6.00 26 


do 


0.60 


do 


L26 


do 


.» 


do 


6.00 16 


do 


14.00 


do 


4.00 25 


do 


0.18 


do 


0.20 


do 


0.40 


do 


8.60 85 


do 


0.40 25 


do 


4.00 


do 


1.60 86 


do 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



242 6PAKI6H-AMEBICAN MANUAL. 

▲BncLEs, Etc. Valuation. Duty. 

Pi. Cs. 

Do other kiads, sot otherwise distinguished.................^. -> 15 p.c. ad «al. 

Caadlestleks, of Iron, tin-plated, common .......».Kilog. 0.«0 85 do 

Do <rf metal, filTer-pUted, common, per pair »...Dosen 85.00 do 

Do other kinds, not otherwise menaoned^..^.. — 25 do 

Grills, of iron, for kitchens » ..Kil^. 0.80 do 

Do with porcelain ** OlGO do 

Knohs, of faience or porcelain, with small part of bronze, 

for beds, inclndlng cardboard and paper wrap....Kilog. 0.60 do 

Weiffhts, of iron, for scales ** 0,15 do 

Lateh-keys, of iron, of every kind ** 0.80 25 do 

Latch-keys, of iron, with parts of bronze ..^.Dozen 0.60 do 

Picks, for laborers, common, without handles Dozen 0.20 15 do 

Do polished, or with steel ».. " 0.80 do 

Do lor stone-work •• 0.40 do 

Paris of machinery, of iron ** 0.15 do 

Do iron and bronze, or partly of other materials.... ** 0.40 do 

Do of bronze or partly of other materials ** 1.25 do 

Pineers, of iron ^ ** 2.50 do 

Pistols of every kind «»• — 85 do 

Trowels for ffudeners or masons ..J>ozen 8.00 15 do 

Smoothing irons, common, for laundries, tailors and 

hatters ...Kllog. 0l06 do 

Do with ftove and chimney................... Doien laoo ^ 

Pails, of tin, for dairies ....Eilog. 0.60 85 do 

Do oil>rass, iron or sine ** 0.40 25 do 

Plates, of tin, ordinary size. , ** 0.55 85 do 

Lead: 

In leaves, bars or plates ^ ** 0.H Free 

In lumps or shapeless pieces * O.06 25 p.c. a<l vA 

Blaek, for cleaning stoves. ** 0.16 do 

Hammered, thin sheets, for bottlCHitoppers '* 1.25 do 

PniBing-knives, of iron Dozen 4.00 15 p.c atf vaL 

Powder, of zinc, bronze, copper, or yellow metal com- 
mon .J)ozen 4.50 85 p.c.ocl««l. 

Do superior. ** 9.00 do 

Do of nom or leather, common " 4.00 do 

Do do fine ** 12.00 do 

Small grain shovels, etc., of galvanized iron Kilog. 0.80 25 do 

Copying presses, of iron, memnm quality, up to 40 centi- 
metres long, with or without accessories Each 10.00 do 

Do up to 50 centimetres long *' 23.00 do 

Do up to 40 centimetres long, common *' 5.00 do 

Daggers, with or without sheath » — 85 do 

Points of iron wire, varnished or not, up to 25 mllUme- 
ties long, for upholsterers and glaziers, including 

cardboard wrappers ...Kilog. 0.80 25 p.cod«aL 

Punches, iron, without handles, cari>enters, etc — Gross 2.50 15 do 

Doop scrapers of cast iron Dozen 12.00 25 do 

Scrapers for ship?. " aoO do 

Rakes, of iron, with or without handles — 15 do 

Watenng cans, of tin, painted .J>ozen 10.00 85 do 

Cast iron grating, common, without gilding, for bal- 
conies, windows and gardens Kil<^. 0.12 do 

Springs, iron, or iron galvanized, for furniture. Kilog. 0.20 25 do 

Do do common, for doors ...........J)ozen 5.00 do 

Do of steel, for carriages ..........Kilog. 0.45 do 

Revolvers of every kind ^85 do 

Bails, of iron or steel, for railroads Kilog. 0.05 15 do 

Rifles of every kind, not otherwise mentioned — 85 do 

Roman balances, small, with springs, for welghing^up to 

Ifikilogrammes ..J)ozen 8;50 25 do 

Do do up to 18 kilogrammes «« 7.00 do 

Wheels of wrought iron, for carts .» Kilpg. 0.18 15 do 

Do do for wheelbarrows, with or without axles and 

sevews .": Each 1.60 do 

Wheels of cast iron Eaclh 1.00 15 p.c. ad «aL 

Do email, of wood, bom, bono, with pieces of Iron or 

bronze, for legs of chairs, etc Dozen 0.8a 25 do 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMEBOB. tiS 

AxncLB8» Kc Valvateoic. Duty. 

PB.CI. 

MttM.mimuT, with wOAMrd of steel or le«ther^.Ba<^ 2.00 85p.o.atf«al. 

DowiOioiiticabbaid •• 0,60 do 

Hollow pxmcbes of steel, for shoemakers.....^ Dosen 2.50 15 do 

Do in shape of pincers....^ ** 8.00 do 

Pinoers for iron nails, oo«mon, only consisting of nip- 
pers......^......... — »^ ..........^......^ ...J)osen 9.00 26 do 

Do with hammer. » ..^.....^^ ** 16.00 do 

Salt-cellars of metal, silrer-plated, common..^.. Pair 2.00 85 do 

Fryingpans.of wroBghtiron.....^ » Kilog. 0J)0 25 do 

Do do tinned. ». " 0.85 do 

Do of cast iron and porcelain » » ** 0.40 do 

Do of wroBght iron and porcelain » ** MO do 

Saws, with nandles, np to 75 centimetres long JDomen 8.00 15 p.c. ad 9$k 

Point saws «. «. ......^ ** VSO do 

Seirioes of tin, painted, consisting of a kettle, fooi-hath 

and hocket, common .^.......^^..-.^.........Set 4.00 85 do 

Do of tirass, pSnted ^ ^ •• 8.00 26 do 

Dodoflne.......^ . ... " 8.00 do 

Do of Britannia metaL consisting of tea-pot, coflto-poL 

s«gar*l)asin and nulk-Jng, common........................8ei 8.00 do 

Do do silver-plated, common .....•.< ** 12.00 86 do 

Do of white metal, silyer-plated, common ........... ** 2QL00 do 

Do do fine. — ^, •• • do 

Saws from 1 m 85 to 2m 40 wide, with or withont acces- 
sories Each 8.00 15 do 

Solder » ^,..,^^. ......^.....^..^................Eilog. 0.26 do 

Doofhronze........^...............^.............^......^........... '* 0.60 26 do 

Fioger rings of every kind ^ do 

Boilers, of copper, ordinary size.............. ...........Kilog. 1.00 25 pA od «ii 

Dooftass....:.»r. ^ " 0146 ^O 

Do do galvanized «.- " 0.00 do 

Nails of bronze or copper, up to 25 millimetres long, itk- 

doding cardboard packing Kilog. LOO do 

Do M iron ^ «' 0.40 do 

Covers,bra88, com., withont ornament for dishes...Dosai 12.00 do 

Do other ! .'...... " • do 

Labeisof metal, silver-plated, for bottles .». " 2.25 85p.c.Ml«aL 

BoQEes of tin, painted, up to 23 centimetres diameter, in 

sets of BlxCT.. .f. .Set 2.00 do 

Basins tin, painted, 80 to 41 cent>, diam.. Dozen 5.00 do 

Do com., brass, painted, 80 to 41 cent. diam.. .J)ozen 7.00 25 p.e. ad faH 

Tweezers of iron wire " 0.60 do 

Sugar-tongs of German silver. ** 4.00 do 

Nut-crackers of metal, silver-plated, common — .. " 12.00 85 do 

Iron pincers for clipping metal threads " 2.00 15 do 

Tongs of iron, for forges Kilog. 0.20 do 

Do for domestic use «« " 0.10 85 do 

Forks, table, of metal, silver-plated, common........ JDozen 5.00 85 do 

Do dessert ~ - " 4.00 do 

Do smaU table ** 8.00 do 

Do other kinds, not otherwise distinguished.. — 25 p.c. ad fmL 

Tea kettles of white metal, silver-plated, with lamp, 

common Bach 10.00 85 do 

Do of bronze or copper, common, from 1 to 8^ litres In 

capacitv....... « Dozen 12.00 25 do 

Do bronze, nandles of wood, porcelain or crystaL...Dozen 16.00 do 

Do of cast iron, tinned Kilog. 0.20 do 

Do do with interior of porcelain *• 0.40 do 

Do brass, com., 6 to 18 decilitres in capacity Dozen 0.50 do 

TeaT>ots of brass, i>ollshed, common, from 6 to 18 decili- 
tres in capacity J>ozen 7.00 do 

Do common, with parts of Britannia metal '* 12.00 do 

Kettle, cast iron, bronze top, for domestic use... Ea(^ 8.00 do 

Teapots of Britannia metal, common " 2.00 do ; 

Do of white metal, silver-plated, c ommon.. ** 7.00 85 do 

rrhe value to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^SM 8PANISH-AMEBICAN MA>'UAL. 

AmncLBfl, BTC. Valuatiom. Ddtt. 

Scissors: Ps. Cs. 

Iteshearlngr, with one ey^et ring Down 2^ 15p.c.o4Ml 

Of Cftst iron, common, np to 80 centimetres long, for 

tailors ~. «... — .......Dow.n 12.00 do 

Of every other kind — ....... — - — 25 do 

Printing-type of antimony, tin, leed and sino,>emaU, 

common .. Kilog. LCO Tree 

Corkscrews of every kind -....-j — ..«. ,« ri S p.c. <«l wL 

Door latches of bronze or nickel, silyer-plated. Dosen 12.00 8a do 

Doof white metal, silver-plated *• 20.00 do 

Do other kinds, not otherwise mentioned — .««.......««..« — 25 do 

Of wood, for carpenters' benches........ ..........Docen 5.00 15 do 

Of iron 1 ... " 10.00 do 

Do large, for blacksmiths or 8ilver8miths............Kilog. 0.20 do 

Do hand, for blacksmiths or silversmiths ........ * do 

Of other Idnds -«...«. — 25 do 

Mousetraps........................... ~. ^'~ ^ y* 

Toytrempetaofiron....................................^.. Gross 0.50 85 do 

Pistol holsters of white or ydlow metal, per pair ...Dosen 2.50 2S do 

NnU of iron, with or without screws . Kilog. ai8 do 

Do do galvanised.................................... ... '* 0.18 do 

Ribs of steel or Iron, prepared for umbrellas.......... ** OJO do 

€mall beams of wrought Iron for bridges and buildings, 

gross weight .......................... Kilog. 0J5 do 

Hinges of wrought or cast iron........ *' 0.20 do 

TindeMwxes, silver-plated, with steel... ,. Doi eu laOO 85 do 

Anvils. .!». Z!ZZ!: Kilog. 0J4 15 do 

Zinc: 

In bars. ^ «.«.. •* 0.18 Pree^ _ 

In sheets or plates « *• 0,1A 15p.cadfKiL 

Manufactured In spouting, tubes, or reservoirs for 

buildings .«.«.. .. Kilog. tt.28 2» 

Drugs, patent medicines and chemical productions: 

Sulphate of copper ...... .........Kilog. 0.15 15 p.e. od mL 

Pastilles, not medicinal. In glasses ortina,lnelnding 

tho receptacle. ........ ...... — Kilog. 0.66 85 do 

Lieehea...... Handled •M Fiet . 

Of eyeiy other kind.. ^ — Spx.aclf«L 

Hayti.-*A tieal^ oonclnded at Port-ma-Prinoe between this re- 
public and the United States gnarantees the privilegen of tiie most 
favored naticm to the veesels cl either of the contracting parties, at 
the ports of the other, in matters of commerce and navigatioii. 
Whu^ver kind of produce or manufacture of any foreign coontrj 
may be imported into Ha^rti in her own vessels, may also be im- 
ported in those of the United States, and no higher duties upon 
tonna<ze or cargo shall be levied than are demanded from the ves- 
«o3s of any other nation. In other wcardfi, perfect equality in re- 
fund to all exports, dutie8,^and drawbacks, was fully established, 
the coasting trade being, however, reserved by each contracting 

Sarty for vessels of her own nationality. No higher or other 
nties on the importation or exportati<m of any article, the 
ffrowth or manufacture of either country, or the product of her 
fisheries, are to be levied than are payable on like articles, the 
growth or manufacture of any other foreign country. 

The Dominican republic, occupying the eastern end of the 
island of San Domingo, enjoys, by treaty with the United States, 
the same privileges at the ports of the latter that Hayti is en- 

valna to be fixed by the authorities after customs inspection. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COMMBBCB. . 240 

tiOed ta On the other hand the United States TCMels have also 
all the priTileges of the most favored nation at Dominican ports. 



manogaoy, wouia do ftw. 

The port chaiges levied on TOMels In the Dominican republic are the fol- 
lowing:: tonnage does, 11 per register ton; anchorage fees, cents per ton; 
entry at cnatom honae, 6 cents per ton; stamped paper, |0; Teasels loading at 
more than one port pay the tonnage money again at each port At Santo Do- 
mingo, the pilotage and light dues are 6 cents per ton each; to which must be 
added ^4 for interpreter's fees; |2 for the health officer's, and f4 for signal. 
At 8aman& bay, a ship's dues per American tonvarv from 6 cents for a vessel 
of 15 tons or less, to 8j cents for one of more than 100 tons, provided she dis- 
charges or receives cargo; harbor master's fees, from 3 to 5 cents per ton; port 
dues vary from 12 cents for a boat to 12.50 for a ship; half of the latter for a 
brig; 60 cents for a topsail schooner; health officer's fee from |8 to |5; pilotage, 
when a pilot is employed, per foot inward, 11.25, and 75 cents per foot ou^ 
ward. At Puerto Flata a vessel of 135 tons register (or 162 Dominican tons), 
loading mahogany, will have to pay for all expenses about 1285. At Aguin 
the charges are, tonnage, |1 per register ton, and 10 per cent additional: i^lot- 
•ge, IL50; interpreter, 12.50: collector of the port, |^ The cargo Is carried off 
to the vessels in lighters; the expense of lighterage is from 15 to 25 cents per 
ton. 

Spanish vessels arriving at ports of the United States from ports 
of Cuba or Porto Rico are no longer subject to discriminating ton- 
nage duties. But merchandise coming to the United States in 
Spanish bottoms from those iilands must pa^ an additional im- 
port of 10 per cent, ad valorem, while that wmch Spanish vessels 
tnrin^ from other parts of the Spanish dominiouR is exempt from 
discriminati(m. in case of a Spanish vessel leaving a port of 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



246 SPAKI&B'AMEHICAK MANUAL. 

Spain for a port in Cuba or Porto Bico, and sailing again from th^ 
lattar without l)reaking balk or taking in any cargo, her voyage 
will, under the circumstancee, be considered a continuous one; 
and neither she nor her cargo will be subjected to other or higher 
tonnage or imx)ort duties than if she had come direct from Spain 
to the United States. 

Port regulatioDi: The hours daring which yefsels are permitted to go to 
an anchorage in the harbor of Habana are thoee between tnnriBe and snnBei 
Should bad weather or other circumstances render it necessary to enter thd 
port after sunset, the vessel will not be permitted to pass the guard-shiji. 
Shipmasters are warned to hold no communication with persons from the 
shore, or from other yessels, until the authorities have made ttieir visits. The 
first visit will be that of the health officer: the second one is from the represen- 
tative of the civil government, and the third Is from the custom house official. 
If a vessel have a contagious or infectioufl disease on board, she will be sent 
into quarantine or placed under observation, as the board of health may 
deem expedient. The visits being over, a copy of the port regulations in sev- 
eral languages, (the English being one) will be left with the master for his 
guidance during his stay in port. He is expected to retnm the document be- 
fore he leaves the port. Appended to it will be found the general legulatioos 
in force at all the ports of the Island of Cuba. 

Every captain or supercargo of a vessel arriving from a foreign port, must, 
Hpon being visited by the health officer, produce a statement of nis cargo, cer- 
tified by the Spanish consul, and also the general manifests of the af oiesidd 
oaigo, without any correction, which documents shall contain the name of 
the captain and vessel, her nationality, tonnage and port of departure; as weH 
as the number of bales, packages and every anlcle composing the cargo, with 
the respectivo marks, numbers and class of merchandise, contents of pack- 
ages, their gross weight in kilograms (each kilogram Is equal to about 2.29 
WB^sh pounds) ; and must state besides whether the goods are for consump- 
tion, bond, or transit It is absolutely forbidden to make any addition or 
alteration to the manifestor statement of cargo, nor shall it contain any mer- 
ehandise consigned to order, and any difference between the statement of the 
cargo and manifest will entail the penalty prescribed in the regulations. 

If the whole or part of the cargo Is composed of iron in ban or plates, metal 
In pigs or ingots, timber, Jerked beef, salt, cacao or any other arncle shipped 
inbmk, they are-to be manifested by decimal measure or weight, adding at 
foot of each manifest the stores, ammunition, arms, tools, instruments and all 
other ship's utensils, as well as the quantitv of coal on board, should the ves- 
sel be a steamer, and merchandise which the ship's crew may have, without 
being on the manifest, to the value of flOO per each individual. If the cargo 
eomes from a port at which no Spanish consular officer resides, or if the r^ai- 
dence be more than 80 kilometres distant from the place of sailing, the cap^ 
tain or supercargo will not be required to produce the stetement of cargo 
aforesaid. Vessels entering in distress must produce manifeste of their cai^ 

Sees, the same as others engaged in the Import trade. Vessels entering in 
allast are bound by the same rules and regulations to produce the cargo 
statement certified by the Spanish consul, and the manifest. If owing to 
stress of weather the captain had to throw overboard, or had lost a portion of 
his cargo at sea, he must state on his manifest the quantity of careo lost, 
specifying the number of packages, class and kind of goods; he must also pro- 
duce at the custom house nis log-book to establish the truth of his statement. 
The failure to produce at the proper time the statement with the Spanish^ 
consul's ^certificate, as required bylaw, the vessel being in ballast, entails a- 
fine of 1200: if the manifest is not en r^gle, the fine is |15; if not certified by 
the Spanish consul, the fine is flOOi If a captain, when requested by the 
superior custom house official, does not forthwith produce the statement of 
the cargo and the manifest, or if these are not made out according to iaw, he 
will be subject to a fine of f 50a, unless the vessel entered in distress. Correc- 
tions, alterations or erasures in the said documents render captains or super- 
cargoes liable to prosecution for forgery. The documents must be produced 
at every port or anchorage of the islands which a vessel may enter, even in 
distress; the custom house officials will take and keep a copy of them, and re- 
turn the originals to the captain. 

All packages and other goods omitted in the statement of the cargo, or in* 
the manifest, will be confiscated, and the captain fined double their value, 
(Atould the amount of duties to be paid on the contents not exeeed |400; but if' 



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coaofSBCs. 



247 



the duties alioiild exceed the aboTe ram, and the goods he the property of the 
owner, consignee, cajytun or rapercargo of the yessel, then, Instead of a flne^ 
ihe Tessel, together with its freieht and other profits, will he confiscated. 
When a vesselis entirely nnloadea, if one or more pacKages of the quantity 
manifested should he missing, no inyoice having oeen previously delivered 
of the contents, the captain or supercargo will be neld to have defrauded the 
custom house, and fined 1200 for each missing package. If the owner or con- 
signee produces within 48 hours the hill of laoine or account of said goods, 
he will not incur the penalty, and the goods will be delivered to him; but the 
captain or rapercargo will be requlredto pay a fine equal to the value of the 
goods so omitted in the manifest 

Nothing can be discharged, nor transferred from one vessel to anothw, 
without custom house permits. Any violation of these rules win make the 
captain or supercargo liable to the le^al penalty. If the captain or super- 
cargo is nnid)le to pay the fines incurred, then the vessel will be held respon- 
sible. 

Passengers' htggage must be presented for Inspection in the custom house 
depot; if merchfuidlse be found therein not exceeding |100 in value, the pas- 
senger must pay the duty on such goods; if it exceeds noo in value, and is less 
than |200, he must pay double duty; if it exceeds |200, the merchandise is 



lated. nor i>dialts to be issued, until the captain has produced his vessel's 
regisier. 

The following regulations were raheequently established by the intendant- 
general: 1st. A fine of 2 per cent additional on the value of the contents of 
every bide or package containing two or more parcels, which exceed 2 cubic 
metres in dimension, or 1,000 kilograms in weight 2d. From and after Jan- 
uary Ist, 1878, owners or consignees of merchandise are bound to express in 
the note for entry, the gross weight of each package, and the number of 
smaller packages each may contain, besides adding immediately below tha 
declaration, by sections of the tariff as heretofore, of the class, quality, and 
quantity of the contents of aU packages. The infraction of this rule will en- 
mil a penalty of 2 per cent on the value of the package. 8d. The differ- 
ences in cross weight between that declared in the note of entry, and the re- 
turns of the inspection, when the discrepancy exceeds 4 per cent in excess 
or deficiency, a fine will be imposed of |I f or every 5 kilognms. 4th. A sepa- 
rate note of entry must be presented for each Item of a vessel's manifest 
Bvery note of entry, which fiuls to comprise in its totality a sins^ item of a 
manifest shall be considered as not presented. 

JPoruk of a Bpanish Manifest. 

BXPOBT AKD MAmFSBT of the cargo laden at the port of ......................... on 

board the , » master, bound for............................ 

tons, crew, passengers, ............... 18... 



Harks 



Numbers 



Number 

of 
Packages 



Packiwes 

and 
Contents 



Quantity 



Shippers 



Consignees 



Value 



Tonnage tax collected from Spanish vessels or others enjoying equal privUecia 
n force since Hay 15th, 1869, the currency being the peso or dollat of Cum: 
1st Arriving and departing with full cargoes, 11.85 cents per ton. 2d. Anl^ 



ing with full cargoes and leaving in ballast $1.80 cents per ton. 8d. Arriving 
in ballast and leaving with full cargoes, ILOO per ton. 4th. Whenbringiaf 
ooal to the extent or in excess of their register tonnage, although they may 
have other caigo, they are so exempt from the tax. Bringing eoal only, te 

. ... .V pay lor eack ton short «a|^ 

' register tonnagi^ i w hm 



quantity than their register tonnage, they pa: 
1. Bringing coal, in less quantity than their : 



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248 8PANISH-AMEBICAM MANUAL. 

Ing Other merdumdiM.jMiy for etch ton of coal 78 centi, and for each ton not 
occupied with coal |LS& cents. 5th. Arriving In hallast, and leaving fatty 
loaded with molasses, they pay for each ton measnrement 87W cents. 6th. 
Arriving in fnll ballast, and leaving with prodncts of the island, they pay for 
each ton of cargo |1.00. and for each ton unoccnpied 5 cents. 7th. Arxlving 
and departing In ballast. 5 cents per ton. 8th. Vessels which enter in distress, 
per ton, 5 cents. 9th. Mail steamers making periodical vovaares to ports of 
the island are exempted from the payment of any tax, provided that they do 



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COMMERCE. 241^ 

toni. the expenies would b6 about as follows: custom house fees, ^.50; pilot- 
afre in and out, (88.25: Interpreter, $4; harbor master, 92b; tonnage out, SoO; 
light dues, f24; reportiug and permit, $1.25: charter party and stamps, {10; 
tonnage dues, |496; labor in loading, $50; at Casilda: pilotage for a bark, |S2; 
for a brig or schooner, |26; three-masted schooner, 132; for shifting berth, |8: 
tonnage dues, the same as in other ports of the island; custom house fees. |8; 
Interpreter, fl; bill of health, f2.50; private charges, discharging ballast, 7S 
cents per ton; lighterage on coal, |1 per ton; labor, |1.50: at Santiago de Cuba: 
pilotage for a three-masted vessel, |32; for a two-masted one, |^; for one* 
masted, |10; mooring in the harbor, |8; hauling to or from the wharf, |4; moor> 
ing to the lazaretto anchorage, vessels of three and two masts, |16: one mast, 
16; no vessels allowed to move in the harbor without a pilot; wharfage. |5 
per day; tonnage dues the same as in Habana; custom house, |10; bill of 
health, $2.50; health dues, |4.25; light dues, |2.50; interpreter's fees, 14.25; dis- 
charging ballast, 60 cents per ton; stevedore, 15 cents per hogshead for npw- 
intending; labor, |2 per day; commissions, the same as at other places. 

Cuban Tariff. 

Rates op Duty, 

Spanish dola 
Liquors: 

Brandy, rum, etc., in casks and demijohns..... .^............^.100 litrei UJM 

Do do in bottles, flasks, etc do 15.000 

Ale and porter in casks do 8.650 

Do do in bottles do 8.850 

Vinegar, in casksand demijohns do 2.060 

Do in botUes «. do 6.860 

Spices: 

Aniseed, cumin, red pepper, dried peppers, etc............. ...100 klloi. 4700 

Saffron, dry or in oil 1 kllog. o.M0 

Citfnamon (Ceylon) and nutmegs do 0.^ 

Do (other) '. • do 0.802 

Cloves and white popper do 0.107 

Fish: 
Ordinary, smoked, dried, salted, or pickled,'Ha]lfax cod, 

etc., (weight of brine exclusive) 100 kilos. 1.800 

Superior, as Scotch; sea fish of all kinds (weight of 

pickl3 or of jar inclusive) do 2.860 

Rice, clean « do 1.95^ 

Do linshelled do 0.950 

Biscuit hard - do 8.150 

DO fancy (including tins) do 6JB0^ 

Butter, including weight of barrels or glass bottles, but 

not Uns do IIJWO 

Cheese « „ do 18.900 

Milk, condensed, and other similar food (bottles and 

cases included) 1 kXkog, ai58 

Fkmr, wheat, including weight of barrel per 100 kilog. 5.610 

Wood. pine, cut or sawn »1,000 sq. ft. 4.800^ 

Wood, walnut, cut or sawn do 12.000 

Wood, grooved, planed, etc., 25 per cent, extra. 

Carriages, coaches, landaus, etc., 4 wheels, 4 seats .Each 192.000 

Do Victorias. 4 wheels, 2 seats do 144.000 

D6 tilburys, etc.. 1 or 2 seats « do 60.000 

Do wheels, shafts, etc ^.adval. 24 pr. ct 

Flintware of all kinds not specified ...100 kilos. 8.150 

Articles of white porcelain — „ do 7.550 

Do do China gilt, etc 1 kilog. 0.816 

Do fahcy China, Sevres, etc « do 0.435 

Fancy articles, bugles, beads, wire, etc do 0.218 

Do fans of all kinds ^ad val. 39 pr. ct 

Btarchj. 100 kilos. 5.050 

Whalebone, raw. « 1 kilog. 0.290 

Do cut and prepared, but unpolished do 0.485 

Do polished and finished, for corsets, etc do 0.870 

Varnish, ordinary, for furniture 100 kilos. 14.250 

Do fine, for lyietiues .» .........ad val. 29 pr. ct 

Cardboard, inaheed, and so-called **Btraw '* paper..... 100 kilo*. Uo| 

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250 fiPANISH-AMKBICAK MANUAL. 

Sptalsh dots. 
Csrdboanl, mtnnfftetared, In hat-bozes, etc., printed or 

lUhographedforadyertising 1 kllog. 0.120 

Csrdboard plll-boxet, etc » do 0.240 

Domaski, etc....» »....^ do 0.580 

Sperm candles ~ do 0.141 

Matcheiofallklndi «. do 0^600 

India-mbber, sheets, beltingr. hose, vraahers, etc ^ do 0.261 

Do shoes, caiters, seats, llfe-Delts« iMigs, etc do 0.860 

Do waterproof, on cotton do 0.870 

Do do on wool , ^^......^.m. do 1;806 

Do do on silk ^.,^ do 2.610 

Vnlcanized combs, pen-holders, ete ^ do 1.4£0 

Gutta-percha catheters, syringes, etc...........................^^.^ do S.S20 

W^tinff. drawing, cigarette, etc — ... — .100 kiloi. 18:060 

Vegetable, ordinary gilt or silver ^ ^ Ikilog; aesi 

Copying, blotting, colored, etc ^ do 0.261 

Fine, gilt or silver «. «.^ do 1622 

Whiti^ common printing 100 kilOi. 8.150 

Superior white or colored! onitable for wrappers do f.40O 

line brown »^ » ^^ do 420O 

Gray tarred..^ do JLOuO 

Light brown - do 0.400 

Wall, without gilt or nap 1 kilog. 0.110 

Gilt, silvered and velreted do 0.28i 

Lead, tin, rag, and sand do 0.052 

Prepared for any special use, but without print or litho- 

gnph, as envelopes, cigarette books, will pay as above 

with 60 per cent additional. 
Printed or lithographed papers, books, maps, music......wCMf vat 90 per ct 

Printed or lithographed papers, books,maps,music, with 

one color only, In labels, etc 1 kilog. 0.145 

Ohromo-lithographed ^^ do 0.290 

Printed, lithographed, or engravedt painted or not do 0.486 

Books, blank orruled, bounoor not, of all sorts and sizes, 

will pay the duty on the paper of which they are made, 

with 60 per cent additional. 
Pirfomery: 
Oils, pomades, cosmetics, indnsive of inside packages... do 0.182 

Toilet waters or extracts do 0.116 

Soap, when packed separately do 0.421 

Soap, without wrappers, or three nieces at least together, 

or common, wrapped separately, but without mark or 

seal to increase its value Ikilog. 0.181 

Powders or paste for the teeth or skin do 0.688 

Bice powder, egg and shell eascarillas, and other pow- 
ders for the complexion, packing inclusive do 0.U1 

Motals! 

Steel, rough or in bars or plates, of all sizes 100 kilos. 4.200 

Do In pieces, for watchmakers ad vol. ft per ct 

Files, rasps, and other similar tools „.... 1 kilog. 0.120 

Iron tools, edged with steel, to be considered as iron. 

Copper, bronze, brass, yellow metal, in sheets UOO kOos. 10.950 

Copper, bronze, brass, yellow metal, in sheets, polished, 

wire, bars, nails, etc» », do 18.060 

Door knockers, bells, beds, cots, chains, taps, sieves, 

screws, and other similar articles, though combined 

with Iron .^ do OwOOO 

Pincers, rings, small bells, curtain-bands, buttons, locks, 

padlocks, spittoons, clothes-hooks, door chains, tubes, 

pins, brooches, hooks-and-eyes, bodkins, and other 

similar articles, although combined with iron « d^ 

Craets, curb-chains, keyholes, bar-pumps, dog-c<^arB, 

lamps of all kinds, springs for tables, thimbles, and 

oUier similar articles, although combined with Iron 

or steel IkUof. 0i480 

tlo in ingots, barsor sheets — 100 kilos. 10i4dO 

Iron, pig „.... do 0.261 



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COIOISBCB. S51 

Metal: SpnldidoU. 

IronfmmftCM, platM, boileittfifttes, imall itoves, doom 

and bAtcbet ot furnaces, tnoes and similar articlef....... 1 kilof. 1.560 

Iron, wnm^tf tinnedt enamelled, galvanized, or not,sAuoe- 

pans» cofllee-pots, ftewpans, atiainerg, bnckets, spoona, 

ladlei, Bkimmen, foup-kettles, kettles, basins, fish-ket- 
tles, frying-pans, coffee-roasters, and similar articles^..M]jOOkUiM. 4.2Q0 
Do cast, in screws, balls, balconies, portable stoves, col- 
umns, tanks* itAir-cases, etc., sarcophagi* garden seats, 

and other aimilar arlicles » do 2.1fl0 

Do wrought, do do ^ do t.150 

Do cast or wrovght nails ^^ do t.000 

Do wire, anchors, kedges, windlass* tails, Anvils^ mauls, 

and other aimilar aracles ^^ do 2.100 

Do presses, for copying letters 1 kiloff. 0.0G3 

Dp wrought^ «mall bars, tree nails, squares, wheel tires, 

tin sheet, hoop iron, plates or sheets for constructing 

tanks, clariflers, roofs, rooms, platforms, and other 

similar articles .!. ^IDOkUoa MOO 

Do do galvanized do OJfiO 

Do in plates, cut orprepared for sugar moulds.. do OlS50 

Do padlocks, locks, latches, although containingportions 

ofothermetftl do 7J0O 

Do wrought and alloyed (even when-cast iron enters into 

the manufacture, or without alloy), bits, nosebands, 

stirrups of ordinanr class or unpolished, although they 

may have plates of other common metsl. do 10.660 

Do do polished, bronzed, gilt, plated with silver or alloy do 10,750 

Do hooked nails, not for railways, iron trunk-handles* 

knockers, washers, nails or screws with or withoul 

lingi, large or chain hooks, harpoons, heads for goads* 

rollers, huufes, horseshoes, door-bolts, bolts, pulleys, 

linchpins, nandles rings, stirrups, hooks, clamps* 

buckles, springs, braces, and screws for carriage mak- 
ing* saddlery, and similar articles do 0.1S0 

Do do bronzed, gilt, plated with silver or alloy* ordinary do 10.060 

Do do do superior 1 kilof 0.60A 

Do chains of a quarter of an inch and under, measuring 

from the outside of the link.. do 0.0tf 

Do above one quarter of An inch 100 kiloi 2.000 

Do safes and similar articles not distinguished.. .od vol 91 pr ot 

Do beds and cots, although ornamented with metal, 

weight of all the bars inclusive.. « OOO kilos 5.90O 

Do with coat of yellow metal, pays extra duty of 100 p. o. 

Dosieyes and rat-traps, wood used in construe, inclusive Ikilog frOTS 

Do meat covers or safes do 0.221 

Do handmills for grinding coffee or spice, covered with 

iron or wood do OlO90 

Do fixed mills, of all sizes, with or without fly-wheels, to 

grind coffoe or shell corn................. .^^00 klloi 4.800 

Do wire netting » do 4.700 

Do screws for hinges (and wood) up to 8 inches in length do 7.800 

Do more than 8 inches do 8;150 

Do hairpins, varnished or not. 1 kilof 048 

Da hairpins, with or without steel points............. ..^ 1 kilog 0.174 

Do packing and trussing needles, punches....................... do 0.868 

Do shoemakers' awls»............«..»..................»..............MM do 0.217 

Do thimbles (and steel).................................«i................« do a218 

Do sail needles, of aU qualities.......................................... do 0.726 

Do sewing needles (English)................ do 4JB50 

Do steel pens ...«.»• do 1.818 

Do implements* ordinary agricultural, ploughshares, 

picks, spades, mattocks, hoes, drills, &e ....JOO Ulot 8.100 

Do other kinds, as machetes, and the (German and Bel* 

giankinds.withthree grooves, with or without sheaths Ikilog 0.072 

Do superior kinds, as the machete for cane-cuttlng......« do 0.120 

Do axes, hatchets, adzes, trowels, &c o*. do 0.100 

Iron hammers, for masons, carpenters, coopers, shoe 
makers, stone masons; pincers; shovels, wire cutters, 
coopers^ punches, and similar articlss , „.....100 kilos 0.660 

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252 



SPAiaSH-AMERICAl^ MANUAL. 



Iran knipei, for carpenters ; coopers, carriers ; planes and Spanish dola. 

otbcr similar tools, including the wooden nandles or 

petting « IkUog 

Iron knives, carving, chisels, compasses, eickles, pincers, 

screw-drivers, hollow punches, spanners, hand-vises, 

squares, fleames for farners, caulking-irons, loose blades 

for planei of all classes, and other similar Implements, do 

Iron knives, with or without forks, and carving knives, 

with handles of horn of bone; whalebone, iron or wood..JOO kikM 
Iron knives, with handles of ivory, tortoise-shell, mother- 
of-pearl, metal gilt or plated ^, 1 kildir 

Iron knives, penknives and razors ad vcU, 

Iron screw augers without handles, and common augers 

with wooden handles 1 kHog 

Do with handles, centre bits, with or without augers, and 

augers foreame...< do 

Iron saws, without frame and pit ^ do 

Iron hand-saws of all classes, circular and band saws 

for machhies do 

Iron screw plates , do 

Tools: 
Cast-iron, shears of all sizes, and fixed scissors for tin 

Workers do 

Do wrought iron do 

Scissors of steel or polished iron, assorted, common, for 

needlework ~ do 

Do do superior ^ do 

. Do ior tailors and gardeners do 

Horse-clippers, eto ^ do . 

Weapons and fire-arms ad vat 

Scales and steelyafds ^ do 

Tin, In plates ana sheets »100 kilos 

Tin, manufaeturedinto vessels, white or painted, as oil 
caus, flasks, eugar-tins, mufrers, Jugs, oaths, moulds, 

reflectors, etc do 

Pewter, manufactured in all forms ...« 1 kilog 

Other alloyaand base metal, in all forms ad val 

Lead, pig, sheet, tubing, bullets, ammunition 100 kilos 

Lead toys, bottle capsules, etc 1 kilog 

Zinc and calamine, ingots 103 kilos 

Zinc and calamine, sheets and leaf « do 

Zinc and calamine, nails, screws, etc ^ ^^ ^ do 

Zinc and calamine, lamps, hanging or standing, 

and printing type do 

Textile fabrics : 
Cotton: 

Twisted wicks ^ do 

Lamp wicks 1 kilog 

Buckram (for tailors) do 

Sewing thread, in balls or skeins, colored or white, on 

reels, weight of reels and boxes inclusive do 

Waste (for cleaning machinery) ^00 kilos 

Lace work, on wood...... J, kilog 

Lace work, on iron or metal, or plaits or twists, with 

metal tags for laces do 

Tissues: 
(L) Plain, bleached, or dyed, as calico, nankeen, etc. 

Up to 10 threads ^ «..aOO kilos 

llto 16 do ^ do 

17 to 22 do 1 kilog 

22to28 do „ « do 

29toS4 do « do 

8fi threads and upwards ^ do 

(2.) Plain, stamped, striped with threads, dyed before 
weaving, as Indian, etc 

Up to 12 threads JOO kUo« 

MTto 16 threads ^ 100 kilos 

17 to 19 do 1 kilog 

20to22 do „ do 

28 etc, tee (1.) 



0,061 



ai44 

18.000 

0.600 
} pr. ct. 

0.120 

0