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Full text of "Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey"

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STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



F. FITZGERALD 




(p. ^.J^/cr/^ 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



MANUAL 



OF THE 



Legislature of New Jersey. 



One Hundred and Thirty-First Session. 



1907. 







BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 
Copyright, 1906, by Thomas F. Fitzgerald. 



Trenton, N. J. : 
Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Legislative Reporter, 

Compiler and Publisher, 



f 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in 1906, by 

THOMAS F. FITZGERALD, 

in the OiTice of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



4@="The newspaper press are welcome to use such parts of the work as 
they may desire, on giving credit therefor to the MANUAL. 

E t g^ c f f. 5; « c • • • ^ ; , ; i ) e , • ^ > . ' ^ . 

ft ® J, ft « ft ,: , » J. » • . ' 1^ . • , « e • . > , 

« — / a - «-r*— w^s- • • ■►• -- '■ » . « ' ' ■ : — '= 









TlIF J. I.. MURFHY PUIi. CC1., PKINriTKS, 

THRNTON, N. |. 



Calendar for 1907. 



1907 


se 




1 


1'^ 
2 


1 

3 


4 


5 


1907 


1 


si 
1 


IS 
2 


3 


CO 

1 

4 


5 


1 

6 


JAN... 


JULY.. 






6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


18 




13 


14 


15 


116 


17 


18 


19 




14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


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20 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 




21 


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27 




27 


28 


29 


30 


31 




, 




28 


29 


30 


.31 






1 


FEB... 












1 
8 


2 
9 


AU&... 










1 
8 


2 

9 


' 3 
10 




3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




4 


5 


6 


7 




10 


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11 


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13 


14 


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17 




17 


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21 


22 


23 




18 


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20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


... 


.. 




25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


MAE... 












1 

8 


2 
9 


SEPT.. 


















3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 




15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




22 


23 


24 


25 


2Q 


27 


28 


APE- 


31 














OCT.... 


29- 


30 












1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 




7 


8 


9 


10 


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12 


13 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


n 


12 




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15 


16 


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18 


19 


20 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


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21 


22 


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24 


25 


26 


27 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 




28 


29 


30 


, 




• • • 


• • • 




27 


28 


29 


30' 


31 






MAY... 








1 

8 


2 

9 


3 

10 


4 

11 


NOV... 












1 
8 


2 
9 




5 


6 


7! 




3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




121 


13 


14! 


15 


16! 


17 


18 


[ 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




19! 


20i 


21 1 


22:\ 


23 


24) 


25 




17, 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 






24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


80 


JUNE. 






i 








1 
8 


DEC... 
















2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


Ij 


2\ 


3i 


4 


5 


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9 


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8 


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30 






1 




1 




29 


30 1 


31 












'•••— 1 



A- 



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PERPETUAL CALENDAR 

FOB ASCERTAINING THE DAY OF THE "WKKK FOR ANV YF.AR 
BETWEEN 1700 AND 2199. 



Table of Dominical 

LETTERa, 



YEAR OF THE 
CENTURY. 

N. B.—A star 
on the left 
denotes leap 
year. 



CENTUR'S. 



o o o 'O 

o o o |o 



*28 *56 



1 29 

2 30 

3 31 



*4 *32 *60 



*8 *36 *64 
9 37 
lO; 3S 
11 39 

*12 *40 



*16 *44 



65 
66 
67 

*68 
69 
70 
71 



*20 *48 *76 
211 49 

22 50 

23 51 



*24 *o2 *80 



25, 53 
26 54 
27, 55 



89 
90 
91 

*92 
93 
94 
95 

*96 

97 
98 
99 



EiG 
D.F 

c|e 

B D 



EG 
DjF 

b'd 

AC 
G B 

FA 

D F 

C E 

B D 

A C 



Month. 



Jan. Oct. 

Feb. Mar. Nov. 

Jan. Apr. July 

May 

June 

Feb. Aug. 

Sept. Dec. 



Dominical Lettkr. 



A 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 


K 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 





C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


F 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 



Mil 

8 lo! 22 291 S 

9 16 23 30 M 



30 17 
]lj 18 
12; 19 
13 20 



U 21 28 



Th W 



31iTu| M 

WlTu M 

ThI WITu 

F Th W 

S F ITh 



Th 
F 

S 

S 



Tu M 



Tr M 
\\' Tu 

Th W 
F Th 



W i Tu M 



EXPL ANATIO N. 

I'nder the Century, aud in the line with 
the Year of the Ccntunj, is the Dominical 
Letter of the Year. Then in the line with 
the month find the column containing 
this letter; in this column, and in line 
■with the day of the Month, is the day of 
the Week. In Leap Years, the letters for 
January and February are in the lines 
where these months are printed in Italics. 

EXA3IPI.es. 

For December 31st, 1875 : for 1875, the 
letter is C ; under C, in a line with 31, is 
Friday ; and for January 1st, 1876, the 
letter is A ; under A, and in a line with 
1, is Saturday. 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



Within the limits of what is now the State of New Jer- 
sey, aside from any evidences of the presence of prehis- 
toric man in the "Trenton Gravels," the original inhabi- 
tants of the commonwealth were Lenni Lenape, or Dela- 
ware, Indians. This subdivision of the great Algonkin 
family occupied the river valleys of the State, had made 
some progress in agriculture and in elementary arts, were 
peaceable but small in numbers, and at last have become 
totally extinct in this portion of the United States. 

In its settlement. New Jersey was not an English colony. 
The claims of the Crown, based upon early discovery and 
various grants, were totally ignored by two great com- 
mercial nations of Europe— Holland and Sweden. It was 
not until 1664, practically a half centurj' after the first 
occupancy of New Jersey by a white man. that England 
had aught more than a slight influence upon the destinies 
of the State. In settlement, Holland was, first to send out 
planters, under the auspices of the Dutch West India 
Company. Claiming both the valleys of the Hudson and 
the Delaw'are, by virtue of the explorations of Hudson and 
Mey, land was taken up upon the banks of the Hudson, 
Passaic, Hackensack, Raritan and smaller streams tribu- 
tary to New York harbor, as well as at Gloucester upon 
the Delaware. By 1630 these claims were well established 
by occupancy, and by the creation of a centre of local 
government in what is now New York city. Upon the 
rapidly growing influence of Holland, Sweden looked with 
jealous eye. Gustavus Adolphus, in his plan to make 
Sweden a world-power, saw the Dutch to be dangerous 
rivals in America. In 1638 there was equipped a Swedish 
expedition to settle the valley of the Delaware. What 
is now the State of Delaware, the valley of the Schuylkill 
and isolated portions of the west bank of the Delaware 
River were occupied, civil and military government w^as 
established, and the colony of farmers and traders entered 
upon a brief career of prosperity. The death of Gustavus 
Adolphus, internal dissentions in Sweden, the inherent 
weakness of the Delaware settlements, and the constantly 
increasing power of Holland brought matters to a crisis. 
In 1655 New Sweden was conquered by New Netherlands, 

(7) 



8 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

and for nine years the soil of New Jersey was absolutely 
under Dutch control. 

Emerging- from the interregnum of the Cromwells, the 
restoration of the House of Stuart brought peace to Eng- 
land. On the 12th of March, 1664, Charles H., with royal 
disregard for previous patents, grants and charters, deeded 
to his brother James, Duke of York, a vast tract embrac- 
ing much of New England, New York and all of what is 
now New Jersey. This was accompanied by active prep- 
arations to drive the Dutch from America, as they, in 
alien claims to New Jersey, practically separated the New 
England colonies from Virginia, Maryland and the Caro- 
linas. In the summer of 1664 armed vessels appeared in 
New York harbor. After negotiations, the Dutch sur- 
rendered and the i:ower of Holland in North America be- 
came simply a mattei of history. In the meantime James, 
Duke of York, transferred to two favorites of the House 
of Stuart— John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret— 
practically what is now the State of New Jersey. In 
honor of Carteret's defense of the Island of Jersey (Cae- 
sarea) during the Parliamentary wars, the territory was 
called New Jersey (Nova Caesarea). 

Carteret and Berkeley, in granting a liberal frame of 
government and extolling the advantages of their colony 
so well located for agriculture, commerce, fishing and 
mining, attracted settlers not only from England, but 
from Scotland and New England, particularly Long Island 
and Connecticut. The-De planters were largely Calvinists, 
from Presbyterian and Congregational communities, and 
mainly occupied land in Newark, Elizabeth and upon the 
north shore of Monmouth county. The valley of the Dela- 
ware remained unsettled. The Calvinists brought into 
East Jersey distinctive views upon religious and civil mat- 
ters. Early legislatures punished many crimes by death, 
the penalties being similar to those of the Jewish dispen- 
sation, while the "town-meeting" strengthened the indi- 
vidual action of the small communities. There was an 
intense individualism in every phase of political and relig- 
ious development, the life of the people centering around 
the church and the school house, the head of both, as in 
New England, being the minister. 

In 1676 a division of the interests of Carteret and Berke- 
ley occurred. In the meantime Berkeley had disposed of 
his rights to a company of English Quakers, a conflict had 
ensued, and to establish the claims of all parties concerned, 
the two colonies of East and West Jersey came into 
existence. A line was drawn from a point in Little Egg 




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HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 9 

Harbor to the Delaware Water Gap, Berkeley and his 
assigns retaining West Jersey as their moiety, Carteret 
obtaining East Jersey. 

By Berkeley's transfer the dominant influence in West 
Jersey was that of the Society of Friends. Salem w-as 
settled in 1675, Burlington, Gloucester and the site of Tren- 
ton about five years later, while within ten years there- 
after the "shore" communities of Cape May and Tucker- 
ton came into existence. The Society of Friends estab- 
lished in West Jersey a series of communities in which 
the life of the people was different from that of East Jer- 
sey. As East Jersey resembled New England in civil gov- 
ernment, so West Jersey resembled Virginia. The political 
and social centres of the large plantations were the shire- 
towns, slave owning was common, a landed aristocracy 
was established, prominent families intermarried, and 
under the advice of William Penn and his friends good 
faith was kept with the Indians. Capital punishment was 
practically unknown and disputes were settled frequentlj- 
by arbitration. 

Two elements of discord marked the genesis of East Jer- 
sey and of West Jersey. One, external, was the attitude 
of the Duke of York after he became James IT. In 167.3 
New Jersey was recaptured by the Dutch, who held the 
colony until the early spring of 1674. A question arose as 
to the Duke of York's title after 1674, reconveyances were 
made, but in spite of past assurances. James II. claimed 
the proprietary right of government. To that end Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was commissioned Governor of New Jersey, 
and a climax was reached in 16S0 when the proprietary 
governor of East Jersey was carried prisoner to New York. 
In 16S1 the Crown recognized the justice of the proprietors' 
contention, and local government was re-established, but 
not before the seeds of discontent were sown that bore 
fruit in the Revolutionary War. 

An internal disturbance was a contest between the 
Boards of Proprietors and the small land owners. Both 
in East and West Jersey, Carteret and Berkeley and their 
assigns had transferred to wealthy combinations of capi- 
talists—most of whom were non-residents— much of the 
broad acreage of the colonies. With the land wenc the 
right of selection of Governors and of members of Execu- 
tive Councils, which right Berkeley, and Carteret had 
derived from the Crown. This, with "quit-rent" agita- 
tions in East Jersey, led to much bitterness. Finally, dis- 
gusted with turmoil, and viewing a sentiment of revolt 
on the part of the people, the Boards of Proprietors sur- 



10 HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 

rendered to the Crown, in 1702, their rights of government, 
retaining only their interest in the soil, East and West 
Jersey were united, and the two provinces became the 
royal colony of New Jersey. 

From 1702 until the outbreak of the Revolution the polit- 
ical history of the colony was quite uneventful. Through- 
out the period of seventy-five years there was almost con- 
stant friction between the Legislature and the Governor 
and his Council. The governors, in the main, were Crown 
favorites sent over the sea without a personal knowledge 
of the colony and with but an ill-concealed ambition to 
wrest from the people as much money as could be secured 
for the support of themselves and the executive office. 
The Councils, composed of wealthy land owners of the 
Society of Friends and rich merchants from East Jersey, 
were quiescent, and even the members of the popular 
branch of the Legislature were chosen by those possessing 
property qualifications. The small non-voting farmers 
raised the cry of "aristocracy," and the equivalent of 
"taxation without representation," and while loyal to the 
Crown were open in their expressions of dissatisfaction 
to the personal attitude of their governors. In 173S New 
Jersey, in recognition of this sentiment, was given a gov- 
ernor separate from the one appointed jointly for the colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey. 

During this period the farm was the centre of the activi- 
ties of the life of the people; particularly was this true in 
the western part of the colony, where favoring climate 
and soil, slave labor and the proximity of Philadelphia led 
to abundant crops and a good market. In East Jersey a 
commercial spirit was more active. Perth Amboy threat- 
ened to rival New York, and Jersey ships from Newark, 
Elizabeth and the Monmouth villages were to be found 
from Boston to Charleston. The repressive economic 
policy of the Crown precluded the development of manu- 
factures. In the southern part of the State, sand and un- 
limited forests of oak and pine led to the development of 
glass making, while "bog iron," with abundance of lime 
from oyster shells, gave an impetus to the erection of 
forges and bloomaries. These, as well as the copper mines 
of the trap rock region, were throttled by adverse Parlia- 
mentary legislation. Ship building was a recognized in- 
dustry, and cedar was extensively "mined" from the 
sunken forests of the tide-water district. Whaling and 
other fisheries were unhampered, and were profitable, as 
was also the trade in skins and in hay from the salt 
meadows of the coast. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 11 

Throughout the years from 1702 to 1776 gold and silver 
and copper money was scarce. In obedience to the de- 
mand of the English merchants that competition should 
be crushed, legislation was enacted to draw "hard" money 
away from the colony. An inflated paper currency, first 
issued in 1707 to provide ways and means to aid the Cana- 
dian expedition against the French, poured from the 
printing presses. Trade was reduced to barter, and gold, 
silver and copper were practically at a premium for nearly 
three generations. 

Of the more prominent incidents during the period were 
the organized attempts to suppress piracy in New York 
and Delaware bays, the growth of a well-defined system 
of transportation by land and water between New York 
and Philadelphia, the establishment of ferries and post 
roads, the reclamation of waste land, the injection of 
Hugenot, Scotch-Irish and Palatinate. German elements 
into the settled population, the chartering of Princeton 
I.^niversity and Rutgers College, the religious revival led 
by Whitefield, the propogation of abolition doctrines by 
Woolman, the erection of a series of barracks owing to the 
French and Indian war, and what is probably of supreme 
importance, the growth of a sentiment of independence 
fostered by the stupid policy of the Crown, and carried 
from hamlet to hamlet, as much by itinerant hawkers and 
by "Redemptioners," who had served their time, as by any 
other cause. 

The opening of the Revolution found New Jersey's senti- 
ment unevenly crystalized. Few, if any, were favoring 
absolute independence. There were three elements. One, 
the Tory party, was led by Governor William Franklin, 
the illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. This conserva- 
tive class embraced nearly all the Episcopalians, a vast 
proportion of the non-combatant members of the Society 
of Friends and some East Jersey Calvinists. Another ele- 
ment was composed of men of various s'hades of belief, 
some in favor of continual protest, others desirous of com- 
promise. This included at the outbreak of the struggle 
most of the Calvinists, some few Quakers of the younger 
generation, and the Scotch-Irish. The third party drew 
its support from a few bold, aggressive spirits of influence 
v/hose following included men who believed that war 
for independence would benefit their fortunes. 

The part played in the Revolution bj'' New Jersey has 
been frequently told. Events passed rapidly after the 
affairs of Trenton and Princeton; Monmouth and Red Bank 
will never be forgotten, while the raids at Salem, Spring- 



12 HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 

field, Elizabeth, in the valley of the Hackensack, and the 
winter at Morrlstown are a part of national history. Oc- 
cupying- a position between New York and Philadelphia, 
its soil was a theatre where the drama of war was always 
presented. At no time was the Tory element suppressed, 
finding its expression in open hostility, or in the barbaric 
cruelties of the "Pine Robbers" of Monmouth, Burlington, 
Gloucester and Salem counties. Though under suspicion, 
the Society of Friends were neutral, for conscience sake, 
remaining close to the teachings of their creed. 

The close of the struggle found the people of New Jersey 
jubilant and not disposed to relinquish their sovereignty. 
The Articles of Confederation were weak and had become 
a by-word and a jest. There was much State pride and 
much aristocratic feeling among the old families who con- 
tinued to dominate State politics. The Constitution of 1776, 
adopted by New Jersey as a makeshift war measure, pro- 
vided that all State officers of prominence should be elected 
by a Legislature, which was chosen by voters possessing 
property qualifications. As in the colony, the Governor 
was Chancellor, and class distinctions were closely drawn. 
In spite of agitation, all proposed changes were rejected, 
and a strong federal union with the other States was 
viewed with dislike and suspicion. The State, in a quarrel 
with New York, at one time refused to obey the requests 
of Congress, and, in the exercise of her sovereignty, estab- 
lished a Court of Admiralty and coined money. 

While the spirit of "State rights"' was dominant, it was 
recognized by leaders of public thought that New Jersey 
was too weak to stand alone. She entered the Annapolis 
convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation, 
and whose lasting monument was the present Federal 
Constitution adopted in Philadelphia in 1787. Upon the 15th 
of June of that year the "New Jersey Plan" was pre- 
sehted, which, while lost as a measure, led to the famous 
compromise upon representation, whereby in the Senate 
of the United States the States were given equal vote, with 
a representation based on population in the House. 

The adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
led to the rapid growth of political parties in New Jersey 
as elsewhere. In spite of the intense conservatism of the 
State, led by the Quakers of West Jersey, who were Fed- 
eralists almost to a man, the anti-Federalist sentiment de- 
veloped rapidly, spurred by a virulent party press, the 
death of men who had been trained in colonial methods of 
thought and the democratic tendency of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which grew in strength In West Jersey. 



HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 13 

In the eastern part of the State there was among the indi- 
vidualistic Calvinists a strong- anti-Federal spirit. This, 
in 1800, led to the election of Thomas Jefferson as President 
of the United States, and in ISOl the election of his political 
ally, Joseph Bloomfield, as Governor of the State of New 
Jersey. The death of Hamilton at the hands of Burr, and 
the death of Livingston, the "war" Governor, tore down 
the strongest pillars of Federalism in New Jersey, and led 
to the absolute domination of the State by the anti-Feder- 
alists, who held power until the outbreak of the second war 
with England. 

The period from ITSf- to 1812 in New Jersey was marked 
by a demand for internal improvements and better trans- 
portation. The agitation concerning the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal, Stevens' experiments in 1802 with steam, 
along the lines laid down in 1785 by Fitch, the project of 
the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures at Pat- 
erson as early as 1791, and highways conducted through the 
northwest portion of the State, indicate the trend of public 
sentiment. 

The second war with England was not altogether a pop- 
ular measure in New Jersey. The Federalists, the "Peace 
Party," secured control of the Legislature and elected 
their Governor. Nevertheless the State furnished her 
quota of troops. The one permanent effect of the struggle 
upon the State was indirect. Owing to the movement of 
supplies and the necessity of quick transportation between 
Philadelphia and the exposed port of New York, the wagon 
roads between Bordentown and Perth Amboy, and between 
Trenton, New Brunswick, Metuchen, Rahway, Elizabeth 
and Newark, were improved and their advantages as 
"short routes" demonstrated. Upon these lines two later 
railroads, now a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, 
were constructed. 

The era following the close of the war of 1812 until the 
opening of the Civil "War was one of stupendous activity. 
Interrupted only by the financial depressions of 1817 and 
1837, and slightly retarded by the Mexican War, the pro- 
gress of the State was beyond the wildest dreams of the 
enthusiast, Alexander Hamilton. In the eastern part of 
the State, aided by a constantly increasing foreign popula- 
tion, Jersey City rose from the marshes, Newark grew 
toward her present greatness, Paterson became a centre 
of industry, while in the west, Camden was recognized as 
an available site for manufactures. The public school 
system was established and extended, reforms in the car- 
ing for the criminal, defective, delinquent and dependent 



14 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

classes were instituted, railroads were reaching every town 
of size, in the vicinity of New York and Philadelphia, fer- 
ries were erected, banks established^ post offices opened 
and newspapers printed. In 1844, when social unrest was 
most marked, the present State Constitution was adopted 
by a large "popular majority and needed reforms tending to 
-elevate the legal position of married women, imprisoned 
debtors and bankrupts were adopted. 

The year 1860 brought a termination to the then impend- 
ing conflict. While every other State north of Mason and 
Dixon's line by 1850 had set the black man free, there were 
still 236 negroes in bondage in New^JTersey. The abolition 
movement made slow progress and an anti-war party had 
a decided following. But when the die was cast New Jer- 
sey responded to the call for men and money. She fur- 
nished 88,305 men, or within 10,501 of her entire militia. For 
organizing, subsisting, .supplying, supporting and trans- 
porting her troops she paid $2,894,385, and upon the field 
sustained the reputation for bravery she had won during 
the days of Trenton and Monmouth. 

Since the Civil War New Jersey has become the centre 
of marvelous activity in nearly every line of human pro- 
gress. Her mills clothe multitudes; within her borders are 
found the termini of every railroad system of the United 
States, with one exception, penetrating the South and 
West; her market garde"ns feed 5,000,000 people; a series of 
cities arisen upon the desolate sands of the sea shore fur- 
nish health and pleasure to hundreds of thousands of vis- 
itors; her mines supply iron, zinc and copper; her fisheries 
are world-famous, and her farms and dairies are models. 



CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF GOVERNORSOFNEWJERSEY. 

GOVERNORS OF EAST JERSEY. 

Philip Carteret 1665 to 1681 

Robert Barclay 1682 to 1683 

Thomas Rudyard, Deputy Governor 1683 

Gawen Laurie 1683 

Lord Niel Campbell 1685 

Andrew Hamilton '. 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse. , ' 1698 to 1699 

GOVERNORS OF WEST JERSEY. 

Samuel Jenings, Deputy 1681 

Thomas Oliver, Governor 1684 to 1685 

John Skein, Deputy 1685 to 1687 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 15 

William Welsh, Deputy 1686 

Daniel Coxe, Governor 1687 

Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse, Deputy 1697 to 1699 

Andrew Hamilton, Governor, 1699 till surrender 

to the Crown 1702 

EAST AND WEST JERSEY UNITED. 

Edward, Lord Cornbury, Governor 1703 to 1708 

John, Lord Lovelace (died in office) 1708 

Richard Ingoldsby,, Lieutenant-Governor 1709 to 1710 

General Robert Hunter 1710 to 1719 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1719 to 1720 

William Burnet 1720 to 1727 

John Montgomerie 1728 to 1731 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1731 to 1732 

William Crosby 1732 to 1736 

John Anderson (President of Cou;icil) 1736 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1736 to 1738 

(The foregoing were also Governors of New York at the 
same time.) 

SEPARATE FROM NEW YORK. 

Lewis Morris 1738 to 1746 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1746 to. 1747 

John Reading (President of Council) 1747 

Jonathan Belcher I747 to 1757 

Thomas Pownall, Lieutenant-Governor 1757 

John Reading (President of Council) 1757 to 1758 

Francis Bernard 1758 to 1760 

Thomas Boone ■ 1760 to 1761 

Josiah Hardy 1761 to 1763 

William Franklin 1763 to 1776 

FROM THE ADOPTION OF THE STATE CONSTI- 
TUTION. 

William Livingston (Federalist) 1776 to 1790 

William Paterson (Federalist) 1790 to 1792 

Richard Howell (Federalist) 1792 to 1801 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1801 to 1802 

John Lambert, President of Council and Acting 

Governor (Democrat) ' 1802 to 1803 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1803 to 1812 

Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 1813 to 1813 

William S. Pennington (Democrat) 1813 to 1815 

Mahlon Dickerson (Democrat) 181F to 1817 

Isaac H. Williamson (Federalist) 18J7 to 182? 



16 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

Garret D. Wall (Democrat) 1829 decl'd 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1829 to 1832 

Samuel L. Southard (Whig) 1832 to 1833 

Elias P. Seeley (Whig) 1833 to 1833 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1833 to 1836 

Philemon Dickerson (Democrat) 1836 to 1837 

William Pennington (Whig) 1837 to 1843 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1843 to 1844 

Charles C. Stratton (Whig) 1845 to 1848 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1848 to 1851 

George F. Fort (Democrat) 1851 to 1854 

Rodman M. Price (Democrat) 1854 to 1857 

William A. Newell (Republican) 1857 to 1860 

Charles S. Olden (Republican) 1860 to 1863 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1863 to 1866 

Marcus L. Ward (Republican) 1866 to 1869 

Theodore F. Randolph (Democrat) 1869 to 1872 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1872 to 1875 

Joseph D. Bedle (Democrat) 1875 to 1878 

George B. McClellan (Democrat) 1878 to 1881 

Cieorge C. Ludlow (Democrat) 1881 to 1884 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1884 to 1887 

Robert S. Green (Democrat) 1887 to 1890 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1890 to 1893 

George T. Werts (Democrat) 1893 to 1896 

John W. Griggs (Republican) 1896 to 1898' 

Foster M. Voorhees (Rep.), Acting Governor... 

Feb. 1, '98, to Oct. 18, '98 

David O. Watkins (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Oct. 18, '98, to Jan. 16, '99 

♦Foster M. Voorhees (Republican) 1899 to 1902 

tFranklin Murphy (Republican) 1902 to 1905 

Edward C. Stokes (Republican) 1905 to 

♦President of the' Senate William M. Johnson served as 
Acting Governor from May 21 to June 19, 1900, when Gov- 
ernor Voorhees was absent from the State. 

tPresident of the Senate Edmund W. Wakelee served 
as Acting Governor from April 25 until June 5, 1904 while 
Governor Murphy was in Europe; and also from June 15 
until June 27, 1904, while the Governor was out of the State. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 17 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



The following is a list of the United States Senators for 
New Jersey from 1789 to date: 

Jonathan Elmer, March 4, 1789, to March 3. 1791. 
William Paterson, March 4, 1789, to November 23, 1790. 
Philemon Dickinson, November 23, 1790, to March 3, 1793. 
John Rutherford, March 4, 1791, to December 5, 1798. 
Frederick Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1793, to November 12, 

1796. 
Richard Stockton, November 12, 1796, to March .3. 1799. 
Franklin Davenport, December 5, 1798, to February 14, 1799, 
James Schureman, February 14, 1799, to February 26, 1801. 
Jonathan Dayton, March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1805. 
Aaron Ogden, February 26, 1801, to March 3, 180.3. 
John Condit, September 1, 1803, to March 3, 1809. 
Aaron Kitchell, March 4, 1805, to March 21, 1809. 
John Lambert, March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1815. 
John Condit, March 21, 1809, to March 3, 1817. 
James Jefferson Wilson, March 4, 1815, to January 26, 1821. 
Mahlon Dickerson, March 4. 1817, to March 3, 1829. 
Samuel L. Southard, January 26, 1821, to November 12, 1823. 
Joseph Mcllvaine, November 12, 1823, to August 16, 1826. 
Ephraim Bateman, November 10, 1826, to January 30, 1829. 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1829, to March 3. 1835. 
Mahlon Dickerson, January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833. 
Samuel L. Southard, March 4, 18.33, to June 26, 1842. 
Garret D. Wall, March 4, 18-35, to March 3, 1841. 
Jacob W. Miller, March 4, 1841, to March 3, 1853. 
William L. Dayton, July 2, 1842, to March 3, 1851. 
Jacob W. Miller, January 4, 1841, to March 3, 1853. 
Robert F. Stockton. March 4. 1851, to February 11, 1853. 
William Wright, March 4, 1853, to March 3, 1859. 
John R. Thomson (died), February 11, 1853, to December, 

1862. 
Richard S. Field (vacancy), December 12, 1862, to January 

13, 1863. 
John C. Ten Eyck, from March 17, 1859, to March 3. 1865. 
James W. Wall (vacancy), January 14. 1863, to March 3, 1863. 
William Wright, March 4, 1863, to November, 1866. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, November, 1866, to March 3, 1869. 
John P. Stockton. March 4. 1865, to March 27. 1866. 
Alexander G. Cattell, March 27, 1866. to March 3, 1871. 
John P. Stockton. March 4. 1869, to March 3, 1875. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877. 
T. F. Randolph, March 4, 1875, to March 3. 1881. 
John R. McPherson, March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1895. 
William J. Sewell. March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1887. 
Rufus Blodgett, March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1893. 
James Smith. Jr., March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1899. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1895, to December 26, 1901. 

John Kean. March 4. 1899, to . 

John F. Dryden, February 4, 1902, to . 



18 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 



When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political barids which 
have connected them with another, and to assume, among 
the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to 
which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, 
a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that 
they should declare the causes which impel them to the 
separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; that am.ong these are life, lib-' 
erty and the pursuits of happiness. That, to secure these 
rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving 
their just powers from the consent of the governed; that 
whenever any form of government becomes destructive of 
these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish 
it, and to institute a new government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
form, as to them shall seem most likely Xo effect their 
safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that 
governments long established should not be changed for 
light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience 
hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, 
while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing in- 
variably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them 
under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, 
to throw off such government, and to provide new guards 
for their future security. Such has been the patient suffer- 
ance of these colonies, and such is now the necessity which 
constrains them to alter their former systems of govern- 
ment. The history of the present king of Great Britain is 
a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, 
in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny 
over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to 
a candid world: 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome 
and necessary for the public good. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 19 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of imme- 
diate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their 
operations till his assent should be obtained; and when so 
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would re- 
linquish the right of representation in the Legislature— a 
right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places un- 
usual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of 
their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them 
into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for 
opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights 
of the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative 
powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the 
people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in 
the meantime, exposed to all .the dangers of invasions from 
without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for the nat- 
uralization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to en- 
courage their migration hither, and raising the conditions 
of new appropriations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their oflfices, and the amount and payment of 
their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our Legislatures. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, 
and superior to, the civil pov/er. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitutions, and unacknowledged by 
our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended leg- 
islation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us; 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, 
for any murders which they should commit on the inhab- 
itants of these States; 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world; 



20 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent; 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefit of trial by 
jury; 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses; 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a 
neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary 
government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render 
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing 
the same absolute rule into these colonies; 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments; 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring 
themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all 
cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned 
our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny, already begun, with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrection among us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and con- 
ditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; oUr repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A 
prince whose character is thus marked by every act which 
may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been v/anting in our attentions to our Brit- 
ish brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of 
attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the cir- 
cumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We 
have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, 
and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common 
kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inev- 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



2] 



itably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, 
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consan- 
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, 
which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we 
hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace, friends. 
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States 
of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to 
the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our 
intentions, do. in the name and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and de- 
clare, that these United Colonies ^re. and of right ought 
to be. Free and Independent States; that they are also ab- 
solved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that 
all political connection between them and the State of 
Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and 
that, as Free and Independent States, they have full power 
to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish 
commerce, and do all other acts and things which Inde- 
pendent States may of right do. And, for the support of 
this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of 
Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our 
lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



Georgia— 

•Button Gwinnett. 
Lyman Hall. 
Geo. Walton. 

South Carolina- 
Edward Rutledge. 
Thos. Hayward, Jr. 
Thomas Lynch, Jr. 
Arthur Middleton. 

Virginia- 
George Wythe. 
Richard Henry Lee. 
Thos. Jefferson. 
Benjan. Harrison, 
Thos. Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. 
Carter Braxton. 

Delaware- 
Caesar Rodney. 
Geo. Read. 

New Jersey— 

Richd. Stockton. 
Jno. Witherspoor). 
Fras. Hopkinson. 
John Hart. 
Abra. Clark. 



Maryland- 
Samuel Chase. 
Wm. Paca. 
Thos. Stone. 
Charles Carroll, 

of Carrollton. 

Pennsylvania— 
Robt. Morris. 
Benjamin Rush. 
Benja. Franklin. 
John Morton. 
Thomas McKean, 
Geo. Clymer. 
Jas. Smith. 
Geo. Taylor. 
James Wilson. 
Geo. Ross. 

New York— 
Wm. Floyd. 
Phil. Livingston. 
Fran's Lewis. 
Lewis Morris. 

New Hampshire— 

Josiah Bartlett. 
Wm. Whipple. 
Matthew Thornton. 



22 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

IVIassachusetts Bay— Rhode Island and Provi- 

Saml. Adams. denoe. «&c. — 

John Adams. Step. Hopkins. 

Robt. Treat Paine. William Ellery. 

Elbridge Gerry. Connecticut- 
North Carolina— Roger Sherman. 

\Vm. Hooper. Saml. Huntington. 

Joseph Hewes. Wm. Williams. 

John Penn. Oliver Wolcott. 

Ordered: IN CONGRESS, January 18, 1777. 

That an authenticated copy of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendency, with the names of the Members of Congress 
subscribing the same, be sent to each of the United States, 
and that they be desired to have the same put on record. 

By order of Congress. JOHN HANCOCK, 

Attest, Chas. Thomson, A true copy. President. 

Secy. John Hancock, 

Presidt. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 25 

CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA* 



We, the people of the United States, in order to form a 
more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tran- 
quillity, provide for the common defense, promote the gen- 
eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to our- 
selves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Con- 
stitution of the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 

LEGISLATIVE POWERS. 

Section I. 

All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a 
Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

1. The house of representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several States; and the electors in each State shall have 
the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislature. 

MEMBERS' QUALIFICATIONS. 

2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he 
shall be chosen. 

RULE OF APPORTIONING REPRESENTATIVES 
AND DIRECT TAXES. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several States which may be included within 



*This Constitution went into operation on the first Wed- 
nesday in March, 1789. 



24 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

this Union, according to their respective numbers, which 
shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free 
persons, including those bound to service- for a term of 
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all 
other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term 
of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. 
The number of representatives shall not exceed one for 
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least 
one representative; and until such enumeration shall be 
made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, 
six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, 
one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; 
South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. 

FILLING OF VACANCIES. 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation of any 
State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

OFFICERS— IMPEACHMENT. 

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers, and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

SENATE— HOW COMPOSED. 

Section III. 

1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of 

two senators from each State, chosen by the legislature 

thereof, for six years, and each senator shall have one 

vote. 

ROTATION OF SENATORS. 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the 
fourth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year. And if vacancies happen by resignation, or 
otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any 
State, the executive thereof may make temporary appoint- 
ments until the next meeting of the legislature, which 
shall then fill such vacancies. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 25 

THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a 
citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when 
elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall 
be chosen. 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be presi- 
dent of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be 
equally divided. 

SENATE OFFICERS. 

5. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-Presi- 
dent, or when he shall exercise the office of President of 
the United States. 

THE SENATE'S POWERS. 

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im- 
peachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be 
on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United 
States is tried, the chief justice shall preside. And no 
person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under 
the United States; but the party convicted shall, never- 
theless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judg- 
ment and punishment according to law. 

MEMBERS OF CONGRESS— HOW ELECTED. 
Section IV. 

1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for 
senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each 
State, by the legislature thereof; but the congress may, at 
any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing' senators. 

WHEN CONGRESS SHALL MEET. 

2, Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 



26 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

POWERS AND DUTIES OP EACH HOUSE. 

Section V. 

1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in 
such manner and under such penalties as each house may 
provide. 

RULES, &C. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

JOURNALS. 

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 

from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 

as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas 

and nays of the members of each house, on any question, 

shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 

on the journal. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

4. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

COMPENSATION, PRIVILEGES AND INCAPACITIES. 

Section VL 

1. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be a,scertained by law, and 
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, 
in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to 
and returning from the same; and for any speech or de- 
bate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

APPOINTMENT TO OFFICE. 

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased, during such time; and no person holding any ofRce 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 27 

under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

REVENUE BILLS. 

Section VII. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house 
of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

PASSING BILLS, &C. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the house of repre- 
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, 
be presented to the President of the United States; if he 
approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house ip which it shall have origi- 
nated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour- 
nal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsid- 
eration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall be- 
come a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses 
shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of 
the persons voting for and against the bill shall be en- 
tered on the journal of each house respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had 
signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, pre- 
vent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 

ORDERS AND RESOLUTIONS. 

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concur- 
rence of the senate and house of representatives may be 
necessary (except on the question of adjournment), shall 
be presented to the President of the United States, and 
before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by 
him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, ac- 
cording to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section VIII. 
The congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, 
to pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and 



28 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S: 

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, im- 
posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United 
States. 

2. To borrow money on the credit of United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and 
uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 
the United States; 

5. To coin money, regula.te the value thereof, and of for- 
eign coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the 
securities and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish post offices and post roads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed 
on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, 
and make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of 
the land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the 
laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel in- 
vasions; 

16. To provide for organizinz, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be 
employed in .the service of the United States, reserving to 
the States, respectively, the appointment of the officers, 
and the authority of training the jnilitia according to the 
discipline prescribed by congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatso- 
ever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square), 
as may, by cession of particular States, and the accept- 
ance of congress, become the seat of government of the 
United States; and to exercise like authority over all places 
purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, maga- 
zines, arsenals, dock-yards and other needful buildings; 
and— 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 29 

for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the govern- 
ment of the United States, or in any department or officer 
thereof. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section IX. 

1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, 
shall not be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year 
one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty 
may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten 
dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, 
the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law shall be 
passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless 
in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore 
directed to be taken. 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from 
any State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over 
those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one 
State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in 
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. 

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 
States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust 
under them, shall, without the consent of the congress, 
accept of any present, emolument, office or title of any kind 
whatever, from any king, prince or foreign State. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF INDI- 
VIDUAL STATES. 

Section X. 

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or con- 
federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the congress. 



30 CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 

lay any imposts or duties on Imports or exports, except 
what may be absolutely necessary for executing its in- 
spection laws; and the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for 
the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such 
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of congress, lay 
any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, 
unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will 
not admit delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER. 
Section I. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of 
the United States of America. He shall hold his office dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

HOW ELECTED. 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as £he legis- 
lature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to 
the whole number of senators and representatives to which 
the State may be entitled in congress; but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGES. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and 
vote by ballot, for two persons, of whom one, at least, shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. 
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and 
of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign 
and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the president of 
the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all 
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The 
person having the greatest number of votes shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole num- 
ber of electors appointed; and if there be more than one 
who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the house of representatives shall immediately 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 31 

choose by ballot, one of them for President; and if no per- 
son have a majority, then from the five highest on the 
list, the said house shall in like manner choose the Presi- 
dent. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a ma- 
jority of the States shall be necessary to a choice. In 
every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall 
be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from 
them, by ballot, the Vice-President. [See Xllth amend- 
ment.] 

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes, 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States, 

WHO MAY BE ELECTED PRESIDENT. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of 
the United States at the time of the adoption of this con- 
stitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither 
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not 
have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been 
fourteen years a resident within the United States. [See 
Xllth amendment.] 

ON THE DEATH, REMOVAL, «S:C., OF THE PRESI- 
DENT. THE POWERS AND DUTIES DE- 
VOLVE UPON THE VICE- 
PRESIDENT. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or 
of his death, resignation or inability to discharge the pow- 
ers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on 
the Vice-President; and the congress may, by law, provide 
for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, 
both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what 
officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
President shall be elected. 

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall neither be increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected; and be shall not receive, within that period, 



32 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

any other emolument from the United States or any of 

them. _ r, V, 11 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

THE OATH. 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend 
the constitution of the United States." 

POWERS, &C., OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section II. 
1 The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army 
and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of 
the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices and he shall have power to grant reprieves and 
pardons for offenses against the United States, except in 
cases of impeachment. 

TREATIES, AMBASSADORS, &C. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds 
of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and 
by and with the advice and consent of the senate shall 
appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, 
judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the 
United States whose appointments are not herein other- 
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. 
But the congress may, by law, vest the appointment of 
such inferior officers as they think proper in the President 
alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of department. 

APPOINTING POWER. 

3 Tiie President shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions, which shall expire at the end of their 
next session. 

DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section HI. 
He shall from time to time, give to the congress infor- 
mation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 33 

consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary 
and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, con- 
'vene both houses, or either of them; and in case of disa- 
greement between *»hem with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the 
United States. 

IMPEACHMENT, &C. 

Section IV. 

The President, Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or other high 
crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

Section I. 

The judicial power of the United States shall be vested 
in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the 
congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The 
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold 
their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their service a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

EXTENT OF THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

(See Amendments, Art. XI.) 

Section II. 

1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and 
equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the 
United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
or other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more States; between a State^and citizens 
of another State; between citizens of different States; be- 
tween citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens or subjects. 



34 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ORIGINAL AND APPELLATE JURISDICTION OF 
THE SUPREME COURT. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, and those in which a State shall be 
party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. 
In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court 
shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, 
with such exceptions and under such regulations as the 
congress shall make. 

TRIALS FOR CRIMES. 

3. The trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeach- 
ment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the 
State where the said crime shall have been committed; but 
when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at 
such place or places as the congress may by law have 
directed. 

TREASON— WHAT AND HOW PUNISHED. 

Section III. 

1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in 
levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

2. The congress shall have power to declare the punish- 
ment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work 
corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life. of 
the person attainted, 

ARTICLE IV. 

ACTS, RECORDS, &C., OF EACH STATE. 

Section I. 

Full faith and credit shall be given, in each State, to the 
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the congress may, by general laws, prescribe 
the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings 
shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

. PRIVILEGES OF CITIZENS. 

Section II. 

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privi- 
leges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. ^5 

FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority 
of the State from v/hich he fled, be delivered up, to be 
removed to the State having- jurisdiction of the crime. 

SERVANTS, &C., TO BE SURRENDERED ON CLAIM. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under 
the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conse- 
quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged 
from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on 
claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be 
due. 

HOW NEW STATES ARE ADMITTED. 
Section III. 

1. New States may be admitted by the congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within 
the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States, without the consent of the .legislatures of the 
States concerned, as well as of the congress. 

THE DISPOSITION OF TERRITORIES. 

2. The congress shall have power to dispose of, and make 
all needful rules and regulations respecting, the territory 
or other property belonging to the United States; and 
nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to 
prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par- 
ticular State. 

GUARANTY AND PROTECTION OF THE STATES 
BY THE UNION. 

Section IV. 

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature or of the executive (when the legislature can- 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 



36 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE V. 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION- 
HOW MADE. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution; or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for 
proposing amendments, which in either case shall be valid, 
to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, 
when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, 
as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the congress; provided, that no amendment which 
may be made prior to the year eighteen hundred and eight 
shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in 
the ninth section of the first arti,cle, and that no State, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

FORMER DEBTS VALID. 
Section I. 
All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be- 
fore the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valid 
against the United States under this constitution as under 
the confederation. 

THE SUPREME LAW OP THE LAND. 
Section 11. 
This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH NO RELIGIOUS TEST. 
Section III. 
The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State legislatures, and all ex- 
ecutive and judicial oflicers, both of the United States and 
of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



'61 



be required as a qualification to any office of public trust 
under the United States. 



ARTICLE VII. 

WHEN THE CONSTITUTION TO TAKE EFFECT. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution be- 
tween the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in the convention, by the unanimous consent of the 
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
seven, and of the independence of the United States of 
America th6 twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



New Hampshire — 
John Langdon, 
Nicholas Gilman. 

Massachusetts — 

Nathaniel Gorman, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut — 

William Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman. 

New York- 
Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey- 
William Livingston, 
David Brearle, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Dayton. 

Pennsylvania — 

Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas Mifflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer, 
Thomas Fitzsimons, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morris. 



Attest: 



William Jackson, 

Secretary. 



Delaware- 
George Reed, 
Gunning Bedford, Jun., 
John Dickinson, 
Richard Bassett, 
Jacob Broom. 

Maryland— 

Dan'l of St. Thos. Jeni- 
fer, 
James McHenry, 
Daniel Carroll. 

Virginia- 
John Blair, 
James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina — 
W^illiam Blunt, 
Rich'd Dobbs Spaight, 
Hugh Williamson. 

South Carolina- 
John Rutledge, 
Chas. Coatesworth Pinck- 

ney, 
Charles Pinckney, r 

Pierce Butler. 

Georgia- 
William Few, 
Abraham Baldwin. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



AMENDMENTS 

TO THE CONSTITUTION of the United States, Ratified 
According- to the Provisions of the Fifth Article of the 
Foregoing Constitution. 



The following articles proposed by congress, in addition 
to and amendments of the constitution of the United 
States, having: been ratified by the legislatures of three- 
fourths of the States, are become a part of the consti- 
tution. 

First Congress, F'irst Session, March 5th, 1789. 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHT OF CONSCIENCE. FREEDOM OF THE 
PRESS, &C. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

OF THE MILITIA. 

A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

OF QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 
No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any 
I^ouse without the consent of the owner; nor in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OF UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 39 

and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affir- 
mation, and particularly describing- the place to be 
searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

OF CRIMES AND INDICTMENTS. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land 
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service 
in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be 
subject, for the same offense, to be twice put in jeopardy 
of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be witness against himself; nor to be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor 
shall private property be taken for public use without just 
compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of 
the State and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining 
witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- 
sel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

OF TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be other- 
wise re-examined in any court of the United States, than 
according to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

OF BAILS, FINES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 



40 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE IX. 

RESERVED RIGHTS. 

The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others, retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

POWERS NOT DELEGATED RESERVED. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved 
to the States respectively, or to the people. 

Third Congress, Second Session, December 2d, 1783. 

ARTICLE XI. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER— SEE ART. 3, SEC. 2. 

»The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States, by citizens 
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
State. 

Eighth Congress, First Session, October 17th, 1803. 

ARTICLE XII. 

HOW THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 
ARE ELECTED. 

The electors shall meet in their respective States,* and 
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
State with themselves; thej^ shall name, in their ballots, 
the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots 
the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, 
and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and 
certify, and transmit sealed,! to the seat of the government 
of the United States, directed to the president of the sen- 



*On the second Monday in January next following their 
appointment. 
tAfter the second Monday in January. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 41 

ate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of 
the senate and house of representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates,* and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having- the greatest number of votes for President shall 
be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed. And if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having- the highest num- 
bers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as 
President, the house of representatives shall choose imme- 
diately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the Presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this pur- 
pose shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall 
be necessary to a choice; and if the house of representa- 
tives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of a 
choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of 
March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the President. The person having the 
greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the 
Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineli- 
gible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of 
Vice-President of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED— 1.3TH AMENDMENT, 
• PASSED 1865. 
Section I. 

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a 
punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been 
duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 
place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Section II. 

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 



*On the 2d Wednesday in February, by the same act. 



42 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

CITIZENS AND THEIR RIGHTS— 14TH AMENDMENT. 

Section I. 

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No 
State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, 
liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. 

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective number, counting the 
whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed; but whenever the right to vote at any election 
for electors of President and Vice-President, or for United 
States representatives in congress, executive and judicial 
officers, or the members of the legislature thereof, is de- 
nied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, 
or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebel- 
lion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of 
such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 



DISABILITY OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE 
REBELLION. 

Section III. 

No person shall be a senator or representative in con- 
gress, elector of President and Vice President, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a 
member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any State to support the constitution 
of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or 
rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof; but congress may, by a vote of two-thirds 
of each house, remove such disability. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 43 

VALIDITY OF PUBLIC DEBT NOT TO BE QUES- 
TIONED. 

Section IV. 

The validity of the public debt of the United States au- 
thorized by law, including debts incurred for the payment 
of pensions and bounties for service in suppressing insur- 
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned, but neither 
the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any 
debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel- 
lion against the United States, or claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations 
and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Section V. 

The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropri- 
ate legislation, the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE XV. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE NOT TO BE IMPAIRED. 

Section I. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State, on account of race, color or previous condition of 
servitude. 

Section II. 

The congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

[The fifteenth amendment passed at the Fortieth Con- 
gress.] 



44 PRESIDENTS. 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Qualification. Name. Where From. Term of Office. 

1789.... George Washington... Virginia 8 years. 

1797 John Adams Massachusetts.. 4 years. 

1801.... Thomas Jefferson Virginia 8 years. 

1809.... James Madison Virginia 8 years. 

1817 — James Monroe Virginia 8 years. 

1824 — John Quincj'- Adams,. Massachusetts.. 4 years. • 

1829.... Andrew Jackson Tennessee 8 years. 

1837 Martin Van Buren New York 4 years. 

1841 — Wm. Henry Harrison*. Ohio 1 month. 

1841. . . .John Tyler Virginia 3 yr., 11 mos. 

1845 James Knox Polk Tennessee 4 years. 

1849 Zachary Taylorf Louisiana lyr., 4mo., 5d 

1850.... Millard Fillmore New York 2y., 7m., 26d. 

1853 Franklin Pierce N. Hampshire... 4 years. 

1857 James Buchanan Pennsylvania — 4 years. 

1861 Abraham Lincoln^ Illinois 4y., Im., lOd. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee 3y., 10m., 20d 

1869 Ulysses S. Grant Illinois 8 years. 

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes.. Ohio 4 years. 

1881.... James A. Garfield**... Ohio 6m., 15d. 

1881. . . .Chester A. Arthur New York ,3y., 5m., 15d. 

1885 Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1889 Benjamin Harrison Indiana 4 years. 

1893 Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1897.... William McKinleyft-.-Ohio 4y., 5m., lid. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt... New York 

*Died in office April 4. 1841, when Vice-President Tyler 
succeeded him. 

tDied in office July 9, 1850, when Vice-President Fillmore 
succeeded him. 

^Assassinated April 14, 1865: died April 15, 186.5, when Vice- 
President Johnson succeeded him. 

**Assassinated July 2, 1881; died September 19, 1881, when 
Vice-President Arthur succeeded him. 

ttAssassinated September 6, 1901; died September 14, 
1901, when Vice-President Roosevelt succeeded him. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 45 



VICE-PRESIDENTS OF UNITED STATES, 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. 

1789 John Adams Massachusetts. 

1797 .Thomas Jefferson Virginia. 

1801 Aaron Burr New York. 

1804 George Clinton New York. 

1813 Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts. 

1817 Daniel D. Tompkins New Yoik. 

1824 John C. Calhoun South Carolina. 

1833 Martin Van Buren New York. 

1837 Richard M. Johnson Kentucky. 

1841 John Tyler Virginia. 

1842 Samuel L. Southard* New Jersey. 

1845 George M. Dallas Pennsylvania. 

1849 Millard Fillmore New York. 

1851 William R. King* Alabama. 

1853 David R. Atchinson* Missouri. 

1855 Jesse D. Bright* Indiana. 

1857 John C. Breckenridge Kentucky. 

1861 Hannibal Hamlin Maine. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee. 

1865 Lafayette C. Foster* Connecticut. 

1869 Schuyler Colfax Indiana. 

1873 Henry Wilsonf Massachusetts. 

1875 Thomas W. Ferry* .Michigan. 

1877 William A. Wheeler New York. 

1881 Chester A. Arthur New York. 

1883 George F. Edmunds Vermont. 

1885 Thomas A. Hendricks|... Indiana. 

1886 John Sherman* Ohio. 

1889 Levi P. Morton New York. 

1893 Adlai E. Stevenson Illinois. 

1897 Garret A. Hobart** New Jersey. 

1899 William P. Frye* Maine. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt New York. 

1201. William P. Frye* Maine. 

VMT, Charles W. Fairbanks Indiana. 

*^Served as President pro tem. of Senate. 
tDied in office November 22, 1875. 
JDied in ofl^ce November 25, 1885. 
**Died in office November 21, 1899. 



46 STATE CONSTITUTION. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 



A CONSTITUTION agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of New Jersey, in convention begun at Trenton 
on the fourteenth day of May, and continued to the 
twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and forty-four, ratified by the 
people at an election held on the thirteenth day of 
August, A. D. 1844, and amended at a special election 
held on the seventh day of September, A. D. 1875, and 
at another special election held on the twenty-eighth 
day of September, A. D. 1897. 

We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to 
Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He 
hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him 
for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit 
the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain 
and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES. 

1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have 
certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are 
those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing 
and obtaining safety and happiness. 

2. All political power is inherent m the people. Govern- 
ment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter 
or reform the same, whenever the public good may re- 
quire it. « 

3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privi- 
lege of v/orshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to 
the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense 
whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship 
contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person 
be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building 
or repairing any church or churches, place or places of 
worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or min- 
istry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has dC' 
liberately and voluntarily engaged to perform. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 47 

4. There shall be no establishment of one religious seel 
in preference to another; no religious test shall be required 
as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no 
person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right 
merely on account of his religious principles. 

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his 
sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge 
the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions 
or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence 
to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the 
matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with 
good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac- 
quitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the 
law and the fact. 

6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the papers and things to be seized. 

7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but 
the legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, wnen 
the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a 
jury of six men. 

8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to 
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to 
be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, 
and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense. 

9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal of- 
fense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cogniz- 
able by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or 
navy; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of 
war or public danger. 

10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same 
offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable 
by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when 
the proof is evident or presumption great. 

11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the 
public safety may require it. 

12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the 
civil power. 

13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 



48 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time 
of war, except in a manner prescribed by law. 

14. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying 
war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them 
aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession in open court. 

15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines 
shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments 
shall not be inflicted. 

16. Private property shall not be taken for public use 
without just compensation; but land may be taken for 
public highways as heretofore, until the legislature shall 
direct compensation to be made. 

17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, 
or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases 
of fraud; nor shall any person be imprisoned for a militia 
fine in time of peace. 

18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, 
to consult for the common good, to make known their 
opinions to their representatives, and to petition for re- 
dress of grievances. 

19. No county, city, borough, town, township or village 
shall hereafter give any money or property, or loan its 
money or credit, to or in aid of any individual association 
or corporation, or become security for or be directly or 
indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds of any associa- 
tion or corporation. 

20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall 
be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or 
for the use of any society, association or corporation what- 
ever. 

21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be 
construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 

ARTICLE II. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE. 

1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this 
State one year, and of the county in which he claims his 
vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled 
to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, 
elective by the people; provided, that no person in the 
military, naval or marine service of the United States 
shall be considered a resident in this State, by being sta- 



CCOLOGICAL SURVEY Or NEW JERSEY. 
A MAP OF 

NEW JISKSET 
1894. 




STATE CONSTITUTION. 49 

tioned in any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place 
or station within this State; and no pauper, idiot, insane 
person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes 
him from being- a witness unless pardoned or restored by 
law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an 
elector; and provided further, that in time of war no 
elector in the actual military service of the State, or of 
the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be 
deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such 
election district; and the legislature shall have power to 
provide the manner in which, and the time and place at 
which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return 
and canvass of their votes in the election districts in 
which they respectively reside. 

2. The legislature may pass laws to deprive persons of the 
right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery. 

ARTICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. 

1. The powers of the government shall be divided into 
three distinct departments— the legislative, executive and 
judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or consti- 
tuting one of these departments, shall exercise any of the 
powers properly belonging to either of the others, except 
as herein expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IV. 

LEGISLATIVE. 
Section I. 

1. The legislative power shall be vested in a senate and 
general assembly. 

2. No person shall be a member of the senate who shall 
not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been 
a citizen and inhabitant of the State for four years, and 
of the county for which he shall be chosen one year,' next 
before his election; and no person shall be a member of 
the general assembly who shall not have attained the age 
of twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhab- 
itant of the State for two years, and of the county for 
which he shall be chosen one year next before his election; 
provided, that no person shall be eligible as a member of 
either house of the legislature, who shall not be entitled 
to the right of suffrage. 

4 



50 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

3. Members of the senate and general assembly shall b6 
elected yearly and every year, oh the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in November; and the two houses shall 
meet separately on the second Tuesday in January next 
after the said day of election, at which time of meeting 
the legislative year shall commence; but the time of hold- 
ing such election may be altered by the legislature. 

Section II. 

1. The senate shall be composed of one senator from each 
county in the State, elected by the legal voters of the 
counties, respectively, for three years. 

2. As soon as the senate shall meet after the first election 
to be held in pursuance of this constitution, they shall be 
divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats 
of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the 
expiration of the first year; of the second class at the ex- 
piration of the second year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the third year, so that one class may be 
elected every year; and if vacancies happen, by resigna- 
tion or otherwise, the persons elected to supply such 
vacancies shall be elected for the unexpired terms only. 

Section III. 

1. The general assembly shall be composed of members 
annually elected by the legal voters of the counties, re- 
spectively, who shall be apportioned among the said coun- 
ties as nearly as may be according to the number of their 
inhabitants. The present apportionment shall continue 
until the next census of the United States shall have been 
taken, and an apportionment of members of the general 
assembly shall be made by the legislature at its first ses- 
sion after the next and every subsequent enumeration or 
census, and when made shall remain unaltered until an- 
other enumeration shall have been taken; provided, that 
each county shall at all times be entitled to one member; 
and the whole number of members shall never exceed 

sixty. 

Section IV. 

1. Each house shall direct writs of election for supplying 
vacancies, occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise; 
but if vacancies occur during the recess of the legislature, 
the writs may be issued by the governor, under such regu- 
lations as may be prescribed by law. 

2. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 51 

each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, 
in such manner, and under such penalties, as each house 
may provide. 

3. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine 
the rules of its proceeding-s. punish its members for dis- 
orderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
may expel a member. 

4. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same; and the yeas and nays 
of the members of either house on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. - 

5. Neither house, during the session of the legislature, 
shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more 
than three days, nor to any other place than that in which 
the two houses shall be sitting. 

6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times 
in each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill 
or joint resolution shall pass unless there be a majority of 
all the members of each body personally present and agree- 
ing thereto; and the yeas and nays of the members voting 
on such final passage shall be entered on the journal. 

7. Members of the senate and general assembly shall re- 
ceive annually the sum of five hundred dollars during the 
time for which they shall have been elected and while they 
shall hold their office, and no other allowance or emolu- 
ment, directly or indirectly, for any purpose whatever. 
The president of the senate and the speaker of the house 
of assembly shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an ad- 
ditional compensation, equal to one-third of their allow- 
ance as members. 

8. Members of the senate and general assembly shall, in 
all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sitting of their respective houses, and in going to and re- 
turning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in 
either hou^e, they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

Section V. 

1. No member of the senate or general assembly shall, 
during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or 
appointed by the governor, or by the legislature in joint 
meeting, to any civil office under the authority of this 
State which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall havQ been increased, during such time. 



52 STATE CONSTITUTION. ■ 

2. If any member of the senate or general assembly shall 
be elected to represent this State in the senate or house of 
representatives of the United States, and shall accept 
thereof, or shall accept of any office or appointment un- 
der the government of the United States, his seat in the 
legislature of this State shall thereby be v-acated. 

3. No justice of the supreme court, nor judge of any other 
court, sheriff, justice of the peace nor any person or per- 
sons possessed of any office of profit under the government 
of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in the sen- 
ate or in the general assembly; but, on being elected and 
taking his seat his office shall be considered vacant; and 
no person holding any office of profit under the government 
of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either 
house. 

Section VI. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of assembly; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but for 
appropriations made by law. 

3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or indi- 
rectly loaned in any case. 

4. The legislature shall not, in any manner, create any 
debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State which 
shall, singly or in the aggregate with any previous debts 
or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand 
dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, 
or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be au- 
thorized by a law for some single object or work, to be 
distinctly specified therein; which law shall provide the 
ways and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the interest of 
such debt or liability as it falls due, and also to pay and 
discharge the principal of such debt or liability within 
thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, 
and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and 
the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and 
no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general 
election, have been submitted to the people, and have re- 
ceived the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against it at such election; and all money to be raised 
by the authority of such law shall be applied only to the 
specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the 
debt thereby created. This section shall not be construed 
to refer to any money that has been, or may be, deposited 
with this State by the government of the United States. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 53 

Section VTI. 

1. No divorce shall be granted by the legislature. 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the legislature or 
otherwise in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bought or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling, 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

3. The legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, 
ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of con- 
tracts, or depriving a party of any remedy for enforcing 
a contract which existed when the contract was made. 

4. To avoid improper influences which may result from 
intermixing in one and the same act such things as have 
no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace 
but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title. 
No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its 
title only; but the act revived, or the section or sections 
amended, shall be inserted at length. No general law 
shall embrace any provision of a private, special or local 
character. No act shall be passed which shall provide 
that any existing law, or any part thereof, shall be made 
or deemed a part of the act, or which shall enact that any 
existing law, or any part thereof, shall be applicable, ex- 
cept by inserting it in such act. 

5. The laws of this State shall begin in the following 
style: "Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey. " 

6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all 
money, stock and other property which may hereafter be 
appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treas- 
ury under the provision of any law heretofore passed to 
augment the said fund, shall be securely invested and re- 
main a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so 
much as it may be judged expedient to apply to an increase 
of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the sup- 
port of public free schools, for the equal benefit of all the 
people of the State; and it shall not be competent for the 
legislature to borrow, appropriate or use the said fund, 
or any part thereof, for any other purpose, under any 
pretense whatever. The legislature shall provide for the 
maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient sys- 
tem of free public schools for the instruction of all the 
children In this State between the ages of five and eigh- 
teen years. 



54 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

7. No private or special law shall be passed authorizing 
the sale of any lands belonging in whole or in part to a 
minor or minors, or other persons who may at the time be 
under any-legal disability to act for themselves. 

8. Individuals or private corporations shall not be au- 
thorized to take private property for public use, without 
just compensation first made to the owners. 

9. No private, special or local bill shall be passed unless 
public notice of the intention to apply therefor, and of the 
general object thereof, shall have been previously given. 
The legislature, at the next session after the adoption 
hereof, and from time to time thereafter, shall prescribe 
the time and mode of giving such notice, the evidence 
thereof, and how such evidence shall be preserved. 

10. The legislature may vest in the circuit courts, or 
courts of common pleas within the several counties of this 
State, chancery powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure 
of mortgages and sale of mortgaged premises. 

11. The legislature shall not pass private, local or special 
laws in any of the following enumerated cases; that is to 
say: 

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high- 
days. 

Vacating any road, town p'ot, street, alley or public 
grounds. 

Regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties; 
appointing local offices or commissions to regulate munici- 
pal affairs. 

Selecting, drawing, summoning or empaneling grand or 
petit jurors. 

Creating, increasing or decreasing the percentage or al- 
lowance of public officers during the term for which said 
officers were elected or appointed. 

Changing the law of descent. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
any exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual the 
right to lay down railroad tracks. 

Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal cases. 

Providing for the management and support of free public 
schools. 

The legislature sh,all pass general laws providing for the 
cases enumerated in this paragraph, and for all other cases 
which, in its judgment, may be provided for by general 
laws. The legislature shall pass no special act conferring 
corporate powers, but they shall pass general laws under 
which corporations may be organized and corporate powers 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 55 

of every nature obtained, subject, nevertheless, to repeal 
or alteration at the will of the legislature. 

12. Property shall be assessed for taxes under general 
laws, and by uniform rules, according to its true value. 

Section VIII. 

1. Members of the legislature shall, before they enter on 
the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear [or affirm, as the case may be,] 
that I will support the constitution of the United States 
and the constitution of the State of N'ew Jersey, and that 
I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator [or mem- 
ber of the general assembly, as the case may be,] accord- 
ing to the best of my ability." 

And members-elect of the senate or general assembly 
are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said 
oath or affirmation. 

2. Every officer of the legislature shall, before he enters 
upon his duties, take and subscribe the following oath or 
affirmation: "I do solemnly promise and swear [or af- 
firm] that I will faithfully, impartially and justly perform 

all the duties of the office of , to the best of my 

ability and understanding; that I will carefully preserve 
all records, papers, writings or property intrusted to me 
for safe-keeping by virtue of my office, and make such 
disposition of the same as may be required by law." 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a governor. 

2. The governor shall be elected by the legal voters of 
this State. The person having the highest number of votes 
shall be the governor; but if two or more shall be equal 
and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen gov- 
ernor by the vote of a majority of the members of both 
houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office 
of governor shall be determined in such manner as the 
legislature shall direct by law. "When a governor is to be 
elected by the people, such election shall be held at the 
time when and at the places where the people shall re- 
spectively vote for members of the legislature. 

3. The governor shall hold his office for three years, to 
commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing 
the election for governor by the people, and to end on the 



56 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

Monday preceding the third Tuesday of January, three 
years thereafter; and he shall be incapable of holding 
that office for three years next after his term of service 
shall have expired; and no appointment or nomination to 
office shall be made by the governor during the last week 
of his said term. 

4. The governor shall be not less than thirty years of 
age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citi- 
zen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven 
years next before his election, unless he shall have been 
absent during that time on the public business of the 
United States or of this State. 

5. The governor shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation "which shall be neither increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected. 

6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; he shall have power to con- 
vene the legislature, or the senate alone, whenever in his 
opinion public necessity requires it; he shall communicate 
by message to the legislature at the opening of each ses- 
sion, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, 
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures 
as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws 
be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal of 
the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be re- 
quired to be commissioned. 

7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall 
be presented to the governor; if he approve he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the 
house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter 
the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to re- 
consider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of 
the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved of by a majority of the whole number of 
that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house 
shall the vote be taken on the same day on which the bill 
shall be returned to it; and in all such cases, the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and 
the names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the governor, within 
five days (Sunday excepted) after it shall have been pre- 
sented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as 
if he had signed it, unless the legislature by their adjourq- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 57 

ment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. If any bill presented to the governor contain sev- 
eral items of appropriations of money; he may object to 
one or more of such items while approving of the other 
portions of the bill. In such case he shall append to the 
bill, at the time of signing it, a statement of the items to 
which he objects, and the appropriation so objected to 
shall not take effect. If the legislature be in session he 
shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated, 
a copy of such statement, and the items objected to shall 
be separately reconsidered. If, on reconsideration, one 
or more of such items be approved by a majority of the 
members elected to each house, the same shall be a part 
of the law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. 
All the provisions of this section in relation to bills not 
approved by the governor shall apply to cases in which 
he shall withhold his approval from any item or items 
contained in a bill appropriating money. 

8. No member of congress, or person holding an office 
under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the 
office of governor; and in case the governor, or person 
administering the government shall accept any office un- 
der the United States or this State, his office of governor 
shall thereupon be vacant. Nor shall he be elected by the 
legislature to any office under the government of this State 
or of the United States, during the term for which he shall 
have been elected governor. 

9. The governor, or person administering the government, 
shall have power to suspend the collection of fines and for- / 
feitures, and to grant reprieves, to extend until the expira- 
tion of a time not exceeding ninety days after conviction; 
but this power shall not extend to cases of impeachment. 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, the chancellor, and the six judges of the court of 
errors and appeals, or a major part of them, of whom the 
governor, or person administering the government, shall 
be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, 
after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 

11. The governor and all other civil officers under this 
State shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in 
office during their continuance in office, and for two years 
thereafter. 

12. In case of the death, resignation or removal from of- 
fice of the governor, the powers, duties and emoluments 
of the office shall devolve upon the president of the sen- 
ate, and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then 
upon the speaker of the house of assembly, for the time 



58 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

being, until another governor shall be elected and quali- 
fied; but in such case another governor shall be chosen at 
the next election for members of the legislature, unless 
such death, resignation or removal shall occur within 
thirty days immediately preceding such next election, in 
which case a governor shall be chosen at the second suc- 
ceeding election for members of the legislature. When a 
vacancy happens, during the recess of the legislature, in 
any office which is to be filled by the governor and senate, 
or by the legislature in joint meeting, the governor shall 
fill such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the 
end of the next session of the legislature, unless a suc- 
cessor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy hap- 
pens in the oflSce of clerk or surrogate of any county, the 
governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission 
shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified. No 
person who shall have been nominated to the senate by 
the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

13. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his ab- 
sence from the State or inability to discharge the duties 
of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the 
office shall devolve upon the president of the senate; and 
in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the 
speaker of the house of assembly for the time being, until 
the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be ac- 
quitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, 
or until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor from 
any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case 
of the death of the governor-elect before he is qualified into 
office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the president of the senate or speaker of the 
house of assembly, as above provided for, until a new gov- 
ernor be elected and qualified. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

Section I. 

1. The judicial power shall be vested in a court of errors^ 
and appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; 
a court for the trial of impeachments; a court of chancery; 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 59 

a prerogative court; a supreme court; circuit courts, and 
such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be here- 
after ordained and established -by law; which inferior 
courts the legislature may alter or abolish, as the public 
good shall require. 

Section II. 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of the 
chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six 
judges, or a major part of them; which judges are to be 
appointed for six years. 

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the 
six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that 
the seat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in 
order that thereafter one judge may be annually ap- 
pointed. 

3. Such of the six judges as shall attend the court shall 
receive, respectively, a per diem compensation, to be pro- 
vided by law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

5. When an appeal from an order or decree shall be 
heard, the chancellor shall inform the court, in writing, 
of the reasons for his order or decree; but he shall not sit 
as a member, or have a voice in the hearing or final sen- 
tence. 

6. When a writ of error shall be brought, no justice who 
has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or 
against any error complained of, shall sit as a member, or 
have a voice on the hearing, or for its affirmance or re- 
versal; but the reasons for such opinion shall be assigned 
to the court in writing. 

Section III. 

1. The house of assembly shall have the sole power of 
impeaching, by a vote of a majority of all the members; 
and all impeachments shall be tried by the senate; the 
members, when sitting for that purpose, to be on oath or 
affirmation "truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question according to evidence;" and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of all the members of the senate. 

2. Any judicial ofl^cer impeached shall be suspended from 
exercising his office until his acquittal. 

3. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend 
farther than to removal from office, and to disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit or trust under 



60 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

this State; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be 

liable to indictment, trial and punishment according to law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

Section IV. 

1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor. 

2. The chancellor shall be the ordinary or surrogate gen- 
eral, and judge of the prerogative court. 

3. All persons aggrieved by any order, sentence or decree 
of the orphans' court, may appeal from the same, or from 
any part thereof to the prerogative court; but such order, 
sen.tence or decree shall not be removed into the supreme 
court, or circuit court if the subject-matter thereof be 
within the jurisdiction of the orphans' court. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the register of the pre- 
rogative court, and shall perform the duties required of 
him by law in that respect. 

Section V. 

1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and 
four associate justices. The number of associate justices 
may be increased or decreased by law, but shall never be 
less than two. 

2. The circuit courts shall be held in every county of this 
State, by one or more of the justices of the supreme court, 
or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all 
cases within the county except in those of a criminal na- 
ture, have cbmmon law jurisdiction, concurrent with the 
supreme court; and any final judgment of a circuit court 
may be docketed in the supreme court, and shall operate 
as a judgment obtained in the supreme court from the 
time of such docketing. 

3. Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought 
by writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into 
the court of errors and appeals. 

Section VI. 

1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas in each of the counties in this 
State, after the terms of the judges of said court now in 
oflfice shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be 
appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, 
which shall be for the unexpired term only. 

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges 
of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for 
judges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 61 

first day of April in every successive year, except commis- 
sions to fill vacancies, which shall bear date and take ef- 
fect when issued. 

Section VII. 

1. There may be elected under this constitution two, and 
not more than five, justices of the peace in each of the 
townships of the several counties of this State, and in each 
of the wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a 
township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or 
less, it may have two justices; when it contains more than 
two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thou- 
sand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more 
than four thousand inhabitants, it may have five justices; 
provided, that whenever any township not voting in wards 
contains more than seven thousand inhabitants, such town- 
ship may have an additional justice for each additional 
three thousand inhabitants above four thousand. 

2. The population of the townships in the several coun- 
ties of the State and of the several wards shall be ascer- 
tained by the last preceding census of the United States, 
until the legislature shall provide, by law, some other 
mode of ascertaining it. 

ARTICLE VII. 

APPOINTING POWER AND TENURE OF OFFICE. 
' Section I. 
MILITIA OFFICERS. 

1. The legislature shall provide by law for enrolling, or- 
ganizing and arming the militia. 

2. Captains, subalterns and non-commissioned officers 
shall be elected by the members of their respective com- 
panies. 

3. Field officers of regiments, independent battalions and 
squadrons shall be elected by the commissioned officers 
of their respective regiments, battalions or squadrons. 

4. Brigadier-generals shall be elected by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

5. Major-generals, the adjutant-general and quarter- 
master-general shall be nominated by the governor, and 
appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the 
senate. 

6. The legislature shall provide, by law, the time and 
manner of electing militia officers, and of certifying their 
elections to the governor, who shall grant their commis- 



82 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

sions, and determine their rank, when not determined by 
law; and no commissioned officer shall be removed from 
office but by the sentence of a court-martial, pursuant to 
law. 

7. In case the electors of subalterns, captains or field offi- 
cers shall refuse or neglect to make such elections, the 
governor shall have power to appoint such officers, and 
to fill all vacancies caused by such refusal or neglect. 

8. Brigade inspectors shall be chosen by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

9. The governor shall appoint all militia officers whose 
appointment is not otherwise provided for in this consti- 
tution. 

10. Major-generals, brigadier-generals and commanding 
officers of regiments, independent battalions and squad- 
rons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, bri- 
gades, regiments,, independent battalions and squadrons, 
respectively. 

Section II. 

CIVIL OFFICERS. 

1. Justices of the supreme court, chancellor, judges of 
the court of errors and appeals and judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas shall be nominated by the gover- 
nor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate. 

The justices of the supreme court and chancellor shall 
hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at 
stated times, receive for their services a compensation 
which shall not be diminished during the term of their 
appointments; and they shall hold no other office under 
the government of this State or of the United States. 

2. Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be ap- 
pointed by the senate and general assembly, in joint meet- 
ing. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unex- 
pired term only. 

3. The state treasurer and comptroller shall be appointed 
by the senate and general assembly, in joint meeting. 

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until 
their successors shall be qualified into office. 

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk 
of the supreme court, clerk of the court of chancery, sec- 
retary of state and the keeper of the state prison shall be 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 63 

nominated by the governor, and appointed by him, with 
the advice and consent of the senate. 
They shall hold their offices for five years. 

5. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of 
the supreme court, or a majority of them; and the chan- 
cery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

6. Clerks and surrogates of counties shall be elected by 
the people of their respective counties, at the annual elec- 

■ tions for members of the general assembly. 
They shall hold their offices for five years. 

7. Sheriffs and coroners shall be elected by the people of 
their respective counties, at the elections for members of 
the general assembly, and they shall hold their offices for 
three years, after which three years must elapse before 
they can be again capable of serving. Sheriffs shall an- 
nually renew their bonds. 

8. Justices of the peace shall be elected by ballot at the 
annual meetings of the townships in the several counties 
of the State, and of the wards in cities that may vote in 
wards, in such manner and under such regulations as may 
be hereafter provided by law. 

They shall be commissioned for the county, and their 
commissions shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of May next after their election. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
elected to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired 
term only; provided, that the com.mission of any justice 
of the peace shall become vacant upon his ceasing to re- 
side in the township in which he was elected. 

The first election for justices of the peace shall take place 
at the next annual town-meetings of the townships in the 
several counties of the State, and of the wards in cities 
that may vote in wards. 

9. All other officers, whose appointments are not other- 
wise provided for by law, shall be nominated by the gov- 
ernor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate; and shall hold their offices for the time pre- 
scribed by law. 

10. All civil officers elected or appointed pursuant to the 
provisions of this constitution, shall be commissioned by 
the governor. 

11. The term of office of all officers elected or appointed, 
pursuant to the provisions of this constitution, except 
when herein otherwise directed, shall commence on the 
day of the date of their respective commissions; but no 



64 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

commission for any ofTice shall bear date prior to the ex- 
piration of the term of the incumbent of said office. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

GENERAL PROVISIONS. 

1. The secretary of state shall be ex officio an auditor of 
the accounts of the treasurer, and as such, it shall be his 
duty to assist the legislature in the annual examination 
and settlement of said accounts, until otherwise provided 
by law. 

2. The seal of the State shall be kept by the governor, 
or person administering the government, and used by him 
officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of 
New Jersey. 

3. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and 
by the authority of the State of New Jersey, sealed with 
the great seal, signed by the governor, or person adminis- 
tering the government, and countersigned by the secretary 
of state, and it shall run thus: "The State of New Jersey, 

to , greeting." All writs shall be in the name of 

the State; and all indictments shall conclude in the follow- 
ing manner, viz., "against the peace of this State, the gov- 
ernment and dignity of the same." 

4. This constitution shall take effect and go into operation 
on the second day of September, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four. 

ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Any specific amendment or amendments to the constitu- 
tion may be proposed in the senate or general assembly, 
and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the 
members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be entered on their jour- 
nals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislature then next to be chosen, and shall be pub- 
lished for three months previous to making such choice, 
in at least one newspaper of each county, if any be pub- 
lished therein; and if in the legislature next chosen as 
aforesaid, such proposed amendment or amendments, or 
any of them, shall be agreed to by a majority of all the 
members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty 
of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or 
amendments, or such of them as may have been agreed 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 65 

to as aforesaid by the two legislatures, to the people, in 
such manner and at such time, at least four months after 
the adjournment of the legislature, as the legislature shall 
prescribe; and if the people at a special election to be held 
for that purpose only, shall approve and ratify such 
amendment or amendments, or any of them, by a majority 
of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legisla- 
ture voting thereon, such amendment or amendments so 
approved and ratified shall become part of the constitu- 
tion; provided, that if more than one amendment be sub- 
mitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and form 
that the people may vote for or against each amendment 
separately and distinctly; but no amendment or amend- 
ments shall be submitted to the people by the legislature 
oftener than once in five years. 

ARTICLE X. 

SCHEDUJ^E. 

That no inconvenience may arise from the change in the 
constitution of this State, and in order to carry the same 
into complete operation, it is hereby declared and ordained, 
that— 

1. The common law and statute laws now in force, not 
repugnant to this constitution, shall remain in force until 
they expire by their own limitation, or be altered or re- 
pealed by the legislature; and all writs, actions, causes of 
action, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights of indi- 
viduals and of bodies corporate, and of the State, and all 
charters of incorporation, shall continue, and all indict- 
ments which shall have been found, or which may here- 
after be found, for any crime or offense committed before 
the adoption of this constitution, may be proceeded upon 
as if no change had taken place. The several courts of 
law and equity, except as herein otherwise provided, shall 
continue with the like powers and jurisdiction as if this 
constitution had not been adopted. 

2. All officers now filling any office or appointment shall 
continue in the exercise of the duties thereof, according 
to their respective commissions or appointments, unless by 
this constitution it is otherwise directed. 

3. The present governor, chancellor and ordinary or sur- 
rogate-general and treasurer shall continue in office until 
successors elected or appointed under this constitution 
shall be sworn or affirmed into office. 

4. In case of the death, resignation or disability of the 

5 



66 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

present governor, the person who may be vice-president of 
council at the time of the adoption of this constitution 
shall continue in office and administer the government un- 
til a governor shall have been elected and sworn or af- 
firmed into oflfice under this constitution. 

5. The present governor, or in case of his death or inabil- 
ity to act, the vice-president of council, together with the 
present members of the legislative council and secretary 
of state, shall constitute a board of state canvassers, in 
the manner now provided by law, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining and declaring the result of the next ensuing elec- 
tion for governor, members of the house of representa- 
tives, and electors of president and vice-president. 

6. The returns of the votes for governor, at the said next 
ensuing election, shall be transmitted to the secretary of 
state, the votes counted, and the election declared in the 
manner now provided by law in the case of the election of 
electors of president and vice-president. 

7. The election of clerks and surrogates, in those counties 
where the term of oflflce of the present incumbent shall 
expire previous to the general election of eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-five, shall be held at the general election 
next ensuing the adoption of this constitution; the result 
of which election shall be ascertained in the manner now 
provided by law for the election of sheriffs. 

8. The elections for the year eighteen hundred and forty- 
four shall take place as now provided by law. 

9. It shall be the duty of the governor to fill all vacancies 
in office happening between the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and the first session of the senate, and not otherwise 
provided for, and the commissions shall expire at the end 
of the first session of the senate, or when successors shall 
be elected or appointed and qualified. 

10. The restriction of the pay of members of the legisla- 
ture, after forty days from the commencement of the ses- 
sion, shall not be applied to the first legislature convened 
under this constitution. 

11. Clerks of counties shall be clerks of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and quarter sessions of the several 
counties, and perform the duties, and be subject to the 
regulations now required of them by law until otherwise 
ordained by the legislature. 

12. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry 
into effect the provisions of this constitution. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 67 

State of New Jersey: 

I, George Wurts, Secretary of State of the State of New 
Jersey, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy 
of the Constitution of the State of New Jersey as amended, 
as the same is taken from and compared with the original 
Constitution and amendments thereto, now remaining on 
file in my office. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
[L. S.] hand and affixed my official seal, this twenty-sixth 
day of October, A. D. eighteen hundred and ninety- 
seven. GEORGE WURTS. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 

SENATE. 

RULES ADOPTED THIS YEAR. 



PRESIDENT. 



1. The President shall take the chair at the time appoint- 
ed; and a quorum being present, the Journal of the preced- 
ing- day shall be read, to the end that any mistake therein 
may be corrected. 

2. He shall not engage in any debate without leave of the 
Senate, except so far as shall be necessary for regulating 
the form of proceedings. 

3. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 
He shall, on all occasions, preserve the strictest order and 
decorum. 

4. When two or more Senators shall rise at the same 
time, he shall name the one entitled to the floor. 

5. He shall have the right to name a Senator to perform 
the duties of the Chair, but such substitution shall not 
extend beyond one day. 

6. He shall decide every question of order without de- 
bate, subject to an appeal to the Senate; and he may call 
for the sense of the Senate upon any question of order. 

7. He shall cause all persons to be arrested or removed 
from the Senate chamber who shall interrupt the proceed- 
ings of the Senate or conduct themselves improperly in the 
lobby or gallery. 

8. The Senate may elect a President pro tempore, who 
shall possess all the powers and discharge all the duties 
of the President, when the latter is absent in discharge 
of his constitutional duty of administering the government 
of the State. 

QUORUM. 

9. A majority of the members of the Senate shall consti- 
tute a quorum; and whenever a less number than a quo- 
rum shall convene at a regular meeting, and shall ad- 
journ, the names of those present shall be entered on the 
journal. 

10. Whenever a less number than a quorum shall convene 
at any regular meeting, they are hereby authorized to send 
the Sergeant-at-Arms, or any other person or persons by 
them authorized, for any or all absent Senators. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 69 

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

11. After the President has taken the Chair the order of 
business shall be as follows: 

I. Prayer. 
II. Calling the Roll. 

III. Reading the Journal. 

IV. Presentation and reference of petitions and memo- 

rials. 
v. Introduction of bills. 
VI. Reports of Committees. 

1. Standing Committees (in accordance with 
Rule 13). 

2. Select Committees. 
VII. Unfinished business. 

VIII. Senate bills on second reading. 
IX. Senate bills on third reading. 
X. Assembly bills on second reading. 
XL Assembly bills on third reading. 

COMMITTEES. 

12. All Committees shall be appointed by the President, 
unless otherwise ordered by the Senate. 

13. The following Standing Committees, consisting of 
three members each, except the Appropriation Committee, 
which shall consist of four members, shall be appointed at 
the commencement of each session, until otherwise or- 
dered, with leave to report by bill or otherwise: 

A Committee on the Judiciary. 

A Committee on Appropriations. 

A Committee on Revision and Amendment of the Laws. 

A Committee on Finance. 

A Committee on Corporations. 

A Committee on Municipal Corporations. 

A Committee on Railroads, Canals and Turrfpikes. 

A Committee on Banks and Insurance Companies. 

A Committee on the Clergy. 

A Committee on Commerce and Navigation. 

A Committee on Federal Relations. 

A Committee on Stationery and Incidental Expenses. 

A Committee on Education. 

A Committee on Militia. 

A Committee on Game and Fisheries. 

A Committee on Riparian Rights. 

A Committee on Agriculture. 

A Committee on Miscellaneous Business. 

A Committee on Elections. 

A Committee on Public Health. 

A Committee on Unfinished Business. 

A Committee on Labor and Industries. 

A Committee on Boroughs and Townships. 



70 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

A Committee on Printed Bills, whose duty it shall be tc 
examine all bills and joint resolutions before they shall be 
put upon their third reading-, and who shall report the 
same to the Senate, and the Secretary shall enter upon 
the journal that the same have been correctly printed. 

Special Committees shall consist of three members, un- 
less otherwise ordered by the Senate. 

The several Joint Committees shall consist of three 
naembers each, and shall be also appointed to act con 
jointly with corresponding committees to be appointed by 
the House of Assembly. 

A Committee on the Treasurer's Accounts. 

A Committee on the State Prison. 

A Committee on the State Hospitals. 

A Committee on the Library. 

A Committee on Public Grounds and Buildings. 

A Committee on Public Printing. 

A Committee on Passed Bills. 

A Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

A Committee on Reform School for Boys. 

A Committee on Sinking Fund. 

A Comm.ittee on Industrial School for Girls. 

A Committee on the New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes. 

A Committee on the New Jersey State Reformatory. 

A Committee on State Village for Epileptics. 

A Committee on Home for Feeble-minded Women. 

A Committee on School for Feeble-minded Children. 

A Committee on Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases 

BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. 

14. When a memorial or bill is referred to a committee 
praying or providing for an act of incorporation, or for 
any other act, notice of the application for which is re- 
quired by law to be previously advertised, the committee 
shall not have leave to report such bill unless satisfactory 
evidence has been presented to the committee that the 
application for such act has had a bona fide advertisement 
according to law; and all committees reporting such bills 
referred to them shall certify to the Senate that sucl: 
procf has been presented and is deemed satisfactory. 

15. The titles of all bills and the parts of bills affected 
by amendments, together with the amendments, shall be 
entered on the Journal. 

16. When leave is asked to bring in a bill, its title shall 
be read for the information of the Senate, and if objected 
to it shall be laid over for one day; and all public and pri 



RULES OP THE SENATE. 71 

vate bills and joint resolutions shall, after the first read- 
ing, be printed for the use of the Senate, but no other 
paper or document shall be printed without special order. 

17. All bills and special reports of committees shall be 
numbered by the Secretary as they are severally intro- 
duced, and a list made of the same, and such bills and re- 
ports shall be called up by the President for consideration, 
in the order in which they are reported and stand upon 
the calendar, unless otherwise ordered; and the Secretary 
shall read from the said list or calendar, and not from the 
files of bills or reports. 

18. No bill shall be committed or amended until it shall 
have been ordered to a second reading, after which it may 
be referred to a committee. 

19. All bills may be made the order of a particular day, 
anS public bills when called for shall have the preference 
of private bills; and when two or more bills shall be called 
for by Senators, they shall be taken up according to their 
seniority, reckoning from the date of their introduction. 

20. On the second and third readings of bills and joint 
resolutions, printed copies thereof shall be used, / 

21. When bills or joint resolutions are introduced, the 
Secretary of the Senate shall forthwith deliver the same 
to the Supervisor of Bills, who shall prepare them for 
printing, in conformity with the rules defining the duties 
of said officer. 

22. Original bills and joint resolutions, after being print- 
ed, shall be delivered by the Supervisor of Bills to the 
Secretary. 

23. Bills and joint resolutions origmating in and passed 
by the Senate and amended by the House, when concurred 
in by the Senate, shall be delivered by the Secretary to the 
Supervisor of Bills for re-printing. 

24. Bills and joint resolutions w^hich have passed their 
second reading, together with all amendments thereto, 
shall be delivered by the Secretary to the Supervisor of 
Bills, who shall see that the same are in proper form for 
printing for third reading. 

25. When the Supervisor of Bills receives from the print- 
er the bill or joint resolution ordered to a third reading 
and the same shall be found correct, he shall affix his offi- 
cial stamp to each page of the copy to be used as the 
official copy and intended to be submitted to the Governor 
for his approval, and shall deliver the same to the Sec- 
retary. 

26. Two copies of every bill and of every joint resolution 
ordered to a third reading shall be printed on good bond 



72 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

paper, to be approved by the Supervisor of Bills, one of 
which copies shall be retained in his office and the other 
of which shall be delivered to the Secretary to be used 
thereafter as the official copy of said bill or joint resolu- 
tion. 

27. The Supervisor of Bills shall have printed for the use 
of the members of the Legislature at least one hundred 
copies of every bill or joint resolution ordered to a third 
reading-, which shall be known and designated as "Official 
Copy Re-print." The Supervisor of Bills shall deliver 
twenty-one copies of all bills and joint resolutions desig- 
nated as "Official Copy Re-print" to the Secretary of the 
Senate, and sixty copies to the Clerk of the House, and 
he shall retain the remainder in his own custody for the 
use of State and Legislative officers. 

28. Except as otherwise provided, the system and pro- 
cedure which have heretofore prevailed shall be followed 
in the preparation of all bills and joint resolutions for 
their various readings as far as practicable. 

29. The consent of the majority of the Senators present 
shall be sufficient to print or re-print any bill or joint 
resolution, but no bill or joint resolution shall pass unless 
there shall be a majority of all the Senators personally 
present and agreeing thereto, and the yeas and nays of 
Senators voting on the final passage of anj^ bill or joint 
resolution shall be entered on the Journal and the like en- 
try on any other question shall be made at the desire of 
any Senator. 

30. Every bill and joint resolution shall receive three 
readings previous to its being passed; and the President 
shall give notice at each reading whether it be the first, 
second or third, which readings shall be on three different 
days. 

31. The final question upon the second reading of every 
bill or joint resolution originating in the Senate shall be 
whether it shall be read a third time; and no amendment 
shall be received at the third reading unless by unanimous 
consent of the Senators present, but it shall be in order, 
before the final passage of any such bill or joint resolution, 
to move its recommitment, and should such recommit- 
mient take place and any amendment be reported by the 
committee, the said bill or resolution shall be again read 
a second time and considered and the aforesaid question 
again put. 

32. When a bill or joint resolution shall have been lost, 
and reconsidered and lost again, the same shall not again 
be reconsidered but by the unanimous consent of the 
Senate. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 73 

33. Bills and joint resolutions, when passed by the Sen- 
ate, shall be signed by the President. 

34. When a Senate bill or joint resolution shall have been 
passed, the same shall be signed, taken to the House of 
Assembly, and its concurrence therein requested, without 
a motion for that purpose. 

35. When a bill or resolution passed by the Senate shall 
be carried to the House of Assembly, all papers and docu- 
ments relating thereto on the files of the Senate shall be 
carried by the Secretary, with such bill or resolution, to 
the House of Assembly. 

MOTIONS AND THEIR PRECEDENCE. 

36. When a motion shall be made, it shall be reduced to 
writing by the President or any Senator, and delivered 
to the Secretary at his table and read before the same 
shall be debatable. 

37. All motions entered on the Journal of the Senate 
shall be entered in the names of the Senators w^ho make 
them. 

38. If the question in debate contains several points, any 
Senator may have the same divided; but a motion to strike 
out and insert, or to commit with instructions, shall not 
be divided. 

39. The rejection of a motion to strike out and insert one 
proposition shall not prevent a motion to strike out and 
insert a different proposition, nor prevent a subsequent 
motion simply to strike out; nor shall the rejection of a 
motion simply to strike out prevent a subsequent motion 
to strike out and insert. 

40. On tilling blanks the question shall be first taken on 
the largest sum, the greatest number, and the most dis- 
tant day. 

41. When motions are made for reference of the same 
subject to a Select Committee, and to a Standing Com- 
mittee, the question of reference to a Standing Committee 
shall be put first. 

42. When a question is before the Senate, no motion shall 
be received but— 

1. To adjourn. 

2. To proceed to the consideration of Executive business. 

3. To lay on the table. 

4. To postpone indefinitely. 

5. To postpone to a certain day. 

6. To commit. 

7. To amend. 

Which several motions shall have precedence in the or- 
der in which they stand arranged. 



74 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

43. The motion to adjourn, or to fix a day to which the 
Senate shall adjourn, shall always be in order, exce'pt 
when a vote is being taken or while a Senator is addressing 
the Senate. 

44. The motions to adjourn, to proceed to the considera- 
tion of Executive business, and to lay on the table, shall 
be decided without debate. 

45. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill 
shall have precedence of a motion to amend, and if car- 
ried shall be equivalent to its rejection. 

46. When a motion shall have been once made and car- 
ried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for 
any Senator who voted on the prevailing side to move a 
reconsideration thereof on the same day or next succeed- 
ing day of actual session; but no motion for the reconsid- 
eration of any vote shall be in order after a bill, resolu- 
tion, message, report, amendment or motion upon which 
the vote was taken, announcing their decision, shall have 
gone from the possession of the Senate, and they shall 
not pass from the possession of the Senate until the ex- 
piration of the time in which a reconsideration is permit- 
ted; and every motion for reconsideration shall be decid- 
ed by a majority of votes, except a motion to reconsider 
the vote on the final passage of a bill or joint resolution, 
which shall require the same majority as is necessary for 
their final passage. 

MEMBERS. 

47. The seats within the bar shall be reserved exclusively 
for the Senators, the officers of the Senate, and the re- 
porters of the press who may have seats assigned them. 

48. No Senator shall speak in any debate without rising, 
nor more than three times on any subject of debate, un- 
less he shall first obtain leave of the Senate. 

49. Every Senator, in speaking, shall address the Presi- 
dent, confine himself to the question under debate, and 
avoid personality. 

50. Any Senator may change his vote before the decision 
of the question shall have been announced by the Chair. 

51. No Senator shall have his vote recorded on any ques- 
tion, when the yeas and nays are called, unless he shall 
be present to answer to his name. 

MESSAGES. 

52. All messages shall be sent to the House of Assembly 
by the Secretary, under the direction of the President, 
as a standing order, without a vote thereon. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 75 

53. Messages may be delivered at any stage of the busi- 
ness, except when a vote is being taken. 

54. When a message shall be sent from the Governor or 
House of Assembly to the Senate, it shall be announced 
at the door by the Sergeant-at-Arms. 

SENATE BILLS IN THE HOUSE. 

55. When an amendment made in the Senate to a bill 
from the House of Assembly shall be disagreed to by that 
House, and not adhered to by the Senate, the bill shall 
be considered as standing on a third reading. 

56. An amendment of the House of Assembly to a Senate 
bill shall not be divisible. 

57. In case of disagreement between the Senate and 
House of Assembly, the Senate may either recede, insist 
and ask a conference, or adhere, and motions for such 
purposes shall take precedence in that order. 

58. When a Senate bill shall be returned, amended by 
the House of Assembly, the sections of the bill so amend- 
ed, together with the amendments, shall be read by the 
Secretary for a first reading and be entitled to a second 
reading without special motion, at which reading the 
proposed amendments shall be open to the action of the 
Senate. And if, at its third reading, upon the question be- 
ing put by the President, "Will the Senate concur in the 
House amendment to Senate bill No. — ?" a majority of the 
whole Senate should, by a vote of years and nays, con- 
cur, the question shall then be upon ordering the bill to 
be re-printed. If so ordered, the bill shall be re-printed, 
the amendments embodied therein and the re-printed bill 
examined and reported by the Committee on Printed Bills 
and read in open Senate, to the end that it may be known 
to be correctly printed, and shall be then signed and certi- 
fied as other bills. 

DISORDER. 

59. In case of any disturbance in the gallery or lobby, the 
President shall have power to order the same to be 
cleared. 

60. The Sergeant-at-Arms shall aid in the enforcement of 
order, under the direction of the President. 

61. No Senator, in speaking, shall mention a Senator 
then present by his name. 

SPECIAL ORDERS. 

62. When the hour shall have arrived for the considera- 
tion of a special order, the same shall be taken up, and 



76 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

the Senate shall proceed to consider it, unless it shall be 
postponed by the Senate. 

63. The unfinished business in which the Senate shall 
have been engaged at the last preceding- adjournment shall 
have the preference in the special order of the day. 

64. No concurrent resolution shall pass unless by the 
consent of a majority of the Senators elected. 

SECRET SESSION. 

65. On motion made and seconded to shut the doors of the 
Senate on the discussion of any business which may, in the 
opinion of a Senator, require secrecy, the President shall 
direct the chamber to be cleared, and during the discus- 
sion of such motion the doors shall. remain shut. 

RULES. 

66. No standing rule or order of the Senate shall be sus- 
pended unless by the consent of two-thirds of the Senators 
elected, nor rescinded or amended but by the same num- 
ber, and one day's notice shall be given of the motion for 
rescission or amendment. 

EXECUTIVE SESSION. 

67. When nominations shall be made by the Governor 
to the Senate, they shall, unless otherwise ordered by the 
Senate, be referred to appropriate committees; and the 
final question on every nomination shall be, "Will the 
Senate advise and consent to this nomination?" which 
question shall not be put on the same day on which the 
nomination is received, nor on the day on which it may 
be reported by a committee, unless by the unanimous con- 
sent of the Senate. 

68. When acting on Executive business the Senate shall 
be cleared of all persons except the Senators and Secre- 
tary. 

69. All information or remarks concerning the character 
or qualifications of any persons nominated by the Gover- 
nor to office shall be kept a secret. 

70. The Legislative and Executive proceedings of the 
Senate shall be kept in separate and distinct books. 

71. All nominations approved by the Senate, or other- 
wise definitely acted on, shall be transmitted by the Secre- 
tary to the Governor, with the determination of the Senate 
thereon, from day to day, as such proceedings may occur; 
but no further extract from the Executive journal shall 
be furnished, published or otherwise communicated, ex- 
cept by special order of the Senate. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 77 

HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 

RULES ADOPTED THIS YEAR. 



OF THE MEETING OF THE HOUSE. 

1. Any member or members less than a quorum may 
meet and adjourn the House from day to day, when neces- 
sary. 

2. Every member shall attend in his place precisely at 
the hour to which the House was last adjourned; and in 
case of neglect, he shall be subject to a reprimand from 
the Chair, unless excused by the House; nor shall any 
member absent himself from the House for more than the 
space of a quarter of an hour without leave previously ob- 
tained. 

3. In case a less number of members than a quorum shall 
be present after the arrival of the hour to which the House 
stood adjourned, they are hereby authorized to send their 
Sergeant-at-Arms, or any other person or persons by them 
authorized, with a warrant duly executed, for any and all 

.absent members, as the majority of such as are present 
may agree, and at the expense of such absent members, 
respectively, unless such excuse for non-attendance shall 
be rendered as the House, when a quorum is convened, 
shall judge sufficient. Immediately after the appointment 
of the Standing Committees, the members shall arrange 
among themselves their several seats appropriated to their 
counties; and in case of disagreement, the same shall be 
decided by lot. 

OF THE DUTIES OF THE SPEAKER. 

4. He shall take the chair at the hour to which the House 
shall have adjourned, and immediately call the members 
to order; and on the appearance of a quorum, shall cause 
the journal of the preceding day to be read, which mas'- 
then be corrected by the House. 

5. He shall preserve order and decorum, and in debate 
shall prevent personal reflections, and confine members 
to the question under discussion; but he shall not engage 
in any debate, nor propose his opinion on any question, 
without first calling on some member to occupy the chair. 
When two or more members rise at the same time, he 
shall name the one entitled to the floor. 



78 RULES OP THE ASSEMBLY. 

6. He shall decide questions of order, subject to an ap- 
peal to the House, when demanded by any four members, 
on which appeal no member shall speak more than once, 
unless by leave of the House. 

7. All questions before the House shall be stated by the 
Speaker, and distinctly put in the following form, to wit: 
"As many as are in favor of (the question) will say aye;" 
and after the affirmative is expressed, "Those of a con- 
trary opinion, no." If the Speaker doubts, or a division be 
called for, the House shall divide; those in the affirmative 
of the question shall first rise from their seats, and after- 
wards those in the negative; and in case of an equal divi- 
sion, the Speaker shall decide. 

8. All Committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, un- 
less otherwise specially directed by the House. 

9. All acts, addresses and joint resolutions shall be signed 
by the Speaker; and all writs, warrants and subpoenas is- 
sued by the order of the House shall be under his hand 
and seal, and attested by the Clerk. If the Speaker be ab- 
sent, a less number of members than a quorum may ap- 
point a Speaker pro tempore, who may sign any warrants, 
or perform any act requisite to bring in absent members. 

10. He shall have a general direction of the hall, and he 
may name a member to perform the duties of the Chair; 
but such substitution shall not extend beyond a second 
adjournment. 

OF THE ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

11. After the reading of the journal, the business of the 
first meeting of each day shall be conducted in the follow- 
ing manner, to wit: 

I. Letters, petitions and memorials, remonstrances and 
accompanying documents may be presented and dis- 
posed of. 

II. Reports of Committees may be read. 

III. Original resolutions may be offered and considered; 
items of unfinished business referred; motions to recon- 
sider and to appoint additional members of Committees 
made; and leave of absence, leave to withdraw documents, 
and leave to introduce bills asked. 

LEAVE FOR BILLS AND TO INTRODUCE BILLS. 

IV. Bills and joint resolutions on a third reading may be 
taken up. 

V. The House shall then proceed in the order of the day, 
preference being always given to the unfinished business 
of the previous sitting; after which bills and joint resolu- 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 79 

tions on a second reading- shall be taken in their order; 
and the House, in its afternoon session, will proceed to 
business as though there had been no adjournment of its 
morning session, excepting that original resolutions, and 
leave to introduce bills of Committees, be the first business 
in the afternoon session; and shall, on demand of the ma- 
jority, proceed with the order of the day. 

12. The Clerk shall make a list of all public bills and 
joint resolutions. He shall keep a separate calendar of 
private bills. No bills for granting, continuing, altering, 
amending, or renewing a charter for any corporation, 
other than a municipal corporation, shall be placed on the 
calendar of public bills. All bills, public and pi ./ate, shall 
be numbered according to the time of their introduction 
intO' the House. They shall be taken up and considered 
in the order of time in which they were reported, or or- 
dered to a third reading, as appears by the calendar; and 
the calendar shall be proceeded in until all the bills there- 
on are called up before the commencement of the calendar 
anew. 

13. All messages shall be sent from this House to the 
Senate by the Clerk. 

OF DECORUM AND DEBATE. 

14. When a member is about to speak in debate, or com- 
municate any matter to the House, he shall rise from his 
seat and respectfully address himself to the Speaker, con- 
fining himself to the question under debate, and avoiding 
personality. 

15. If any member in debate transgress the rules of the 
House, the Speaker shall, or any member may, call him 
to order, in which case the member so called to order shall 
immediately sit down, unless permitted to explain. The 
House shall, if appealed to, decide on the case, but with- 
out debate; if there be no appeal, the decision of the Chair 
shall be submitted to. If the decision be in favor of the 
member called to order, he shall be at liberty to proceed; 
if otherwise, he shall not be permitted to proceed without 
leave of the House, and if the case require it, he shall be 
liable to censure of the House. 

16. If a member be called to order for words spoken in 
debate, the person calling him to order shall repeat the 
words excepted to, and they shall be taken down in writ- 
ing at the Clerk's table; and no member shall be held to 
answer, or be subject to the censure of the House, for 
words spoken in debate, if any other member has spoken. 



80 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

or other business has intervened after the words spoken, 
and before exception to them shall have been taken. 

17. No member shall speak more than twice, or longer 
than five minutes each time, without leave of the House. 

18. While the Speaker is putting any question, or ad- 
dressing the House, none shall walk out of or across the 
hall; nor in such case, or when a member is speaking, 
shall anyone entertain private discourse; nor shall anyone, 
while a member is speaking, pass between him and the 
Chair, 

19. No member shall vote on any question in the event of 
which he is particularly interested, nor in any case where 
he was not within the bar of the House when the question 
was put. 

20. Every member who shall be in the House when the 
question is put shall give his vote, unless the House for 
special reasons shall excuse him. All motions to excuse a 
member from voting shall be made before the House di- 
vides, or before the call of the yeas and nays is com- 
menced; any member requesting to be excused from vot- 
ing may make a brief verbal statement of the reasons for 
such request, and the question shall then be taken without 
further debate. 

21. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to 
the House shall be presented by the Speaker, or by a mem- 
ber in his place; a brief statement of the contents thereof 
shall be made by the introducer, and, if called upon, he 
shall declare that it does not, in his opinion, contain any 
indecent or reproachful language, or any expressions of 
disrespect to the House, or any committee of the same. 

22. It shall be the duty of the Sergeant-at-Arms, at all 
times, not to allow any person to smoke in the Assembly 
chamber. 

ON MOTIONS. 

23. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the 
Speaker or any member desire it. 

24. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be 
stated by the Speaker, or being in writing, it shall be 
handed to the Chair and read aloud by the Clerk, when it 
shall be deemed to be in the possession of the House and 
open to debate; but it may be withdrawn at any time be- 
fore a decision or amendment. 

25. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received but — 

1. To adjourn. 

2. A call of the House. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 81 

3. To lay on the table. 

4. For the previous question. 

5. To postpone indefinitely. 

6. To postpone to a day certain. 

7. To go into a Committee of the Whole on the pending 

subject immediately. 

8. To commit to a Committee of the Whole. 

9. To commit to a Standing Committee. 

10. To commit to a Select Committee. 

11. To amend. 

Which several motions shall have precedence in the order 
in which they are stated, and no motion to postpone to a 
day certain, to commit, or to postpone indefinitely, being 
decided, shall be again allowed on the same day, and at 
the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

26. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill or 
joint resolution shall have precedence of a motion to 
amend, and if carried shall be considered equivalent to its 
rejection. 

27. A motion to adjourn shall be always in order, except 
when the House is voting, or While a member is addressing 
the House, or immediately after the question to adjourn 
has been negatived; that, and the motion to lay on the 
table, shall be decided without debate. 

28. Any member may call for a division of the question, 
which shall be divided if it comprehends questions so dis- 
tinct that one being taken away from the rest may stand 
entire for the decision of the House; a motion to' strike 
out and insert shall be deemed indivisible; but a motion to 
strike out being lost, shall preclude neither amendment 
nor a motion to strike out and insert. 

29. When any motion shall be made and seconded, the 
same shall, at the request of any two members, be en- 
tered on the Journal of the House. 

30. When a motion has been once made and carried in 
the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any 
member who voted with the prevailing party to move for 
the reconsideration thereof, on the same day or on the 
next day of actual session of the House thereafter; all 
motions may be reconsidered, by a majority of the mem- 
bers present; but bills, to be reconsidered, must have the 
same majority that would be necessary to pass them; and 
such vote, on motion to reconsider, shall be by taking the 
yeas and nays. 

31. When a blank is to be filled, the question shall first 
be taken on the largest sum, or greatest number, and re- 
motest day. 

6 



82 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

32. The yeas and nays shall be entered on the Journal of 
the House, when moved for and seconded by five members, 
and in taking the yeas and nays the names of the mem- 
bers, including the Speaker, shall be called alphabetically. 

33. The previous question shall be put in this form: 
"Shall the main question be now put?" It shall only be 
admitted when demanded by a majority of the members 
present, and its effect shall be, if decided affirmatively, to 
put an end to all debate, and bring the House to a direct 
vote upon amendments reported by a committee, if any, 
then upon pending amendments, and then upon the main 
question; if decided in the negative, ^to leave the main 
question and amendments if any, under debate for the 
residue of the sitting, unless sooner disposed of by taking 
the question, or in some other manner. All incidental 
questions of order arising after a motion is made for the 
previous question, and pending such motion, shall be de- 
cided, whether on appeal or otherwise, without debate. 

34. After the Clerk has commenced calling the yeas and 
nays on any question, no motion shall be received- until a 
decision shall have been announced by the Chair. 

OF COMMITTEES. 

35. The following Standing Committees shall be appoint- 
ed at the commencement of the session, until otherwise 
ordered: 

A Committee of Ways and Means. 

A Committee on Bill Revision. 

A Committee on the Judiciary. 

A Committee on Agriculture and Agricultural College. 

A Committee on Appropriations. 

A Committee on Education. 

A Committee on Elections. 

A Committee on Printed Bills. 

A Committee on Municipal Corporations. 

A Committee on Boroughs and Borough Commissions. 

A Committee on Militia. 

A Committee on Claims and Revolutionary Pensions. 

A Committee on Corporations. 

A Committee on Banks and Insurance. 

A Committee on Unfinished Business. 

A Committee on Incidental Expenses. 

A Committee on Stationery. 

A Committee on Riparian Rights. 

A Committee on Revision of Laws. 

A Committee on Game and Fisheries. 

A Committee on Miscellaneous Business. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 83 

A Committee on Railroads and Canals. 
A Committee on Labor and Industries. 
A Committee on Towns and Townships. 
A Committee on Public Health. 
A Committee on Federal Relations. 
A Comm.ittee on Commerce and Navigation. 
Which several committees shall consist of five members 
each. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

The following Joint Committees, of five members each, 
shall also be appointed to act conjointly with correspond- 
ing committees to be appointed by the Senate: 

A Committee on the Treasurer's Accounts. 

A Committee on the State Prison. 

A Committee on Printing. 

A Committee on the State Library. 

A Committee on the State Hospitals. 

A Committee on Public Grounds and Buildings. 

A Committee on Passed Bills. 

A Committee on Sinking Fund. 

A Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

A Committee on Reform School for Boys. 

A Committee on Industrial School for Girls. 

A Committee on the New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes. 

A Committee on the New Jersey State Reformatory. 

A Committee on State "Village for Epileptics. 

A Committee on Home for Feeble-minded Women. 

A Committee on School for Feeble-minded Children. 

A Committee on Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases. 

36. The several Standing Committees of the House shall 
have leave to report by bill or otherwise. 

37. No committee shall sit during the sitting of the 
House, without special leave. 

38. All committees appointed at the first sitting shall 
continue to act during every subsequent sitting of the 
same Legislature, or until they have reported on the busi- 
ness committed to them, or have been discharged. 

OP THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE. 

39. In forming a Committee of the Whole House, the 
Speaker shall leave his chair, and a chairman to preside 
in committee shall be appointed by the Speaker. 

40. The rules of proceeding in the House shall be ob- 
served, as far as practicable, in Committee of the Whole, 
except that any member may speak oftener than twice 
on the same subject, but shall not speak a second time 
until every member choosing to speak shall have spoken; 
nor shall a motion for the previous question be made 
therein. 

41. All amendments made in Committee of the Whole 
shall be noted by the Clerk, but need not be read by the 



84 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Speaker on his resuming the chair, unless required by the 
House. 

ON BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. 

42. All bills and joint resolutions shall be introduced by 
motion for leave, or on the report of a committee, and 
the member offering- the same shall indorse his name on 
them, that the committee may confer with him should 
they so desire. 

43. Every bill and joint resolution shall receive -three sep- 
arate readings in the House previous to its passage, but no 
bill or joint resolution shall be read twice on the same 
day, without special order of the House. 

44. All bills and joint resolutions shall, after their first 
reading, be printed for the use of the members, and re- 
ferred to their appropriate committees. 

45. All bills and joint resolutions may be made the order 
of a particular day, on which day they shall be taken up 
in preference to others on the calendar; and the calendar 
of private bills shall not be taken up until the calendar of 
public bills shall have been been gone through with. 

46. All bills and joint resolutions, previous to their final 
passage by the House, all petitions, motions and reports, 
may be committed at the pleasure of the House. And the 
recommitment of any bill or resolution, when the same 
has been ordered to a third reading, shall have the effect 
of placing the same upon the second reading. 

47. Printed bills and joint resolutions Shall be used on 
their second and third readings, and no amendment shall 
be received to any bill or joint resolution on its third read- 
ing. 

48. When bills or joint resolutions are introduced, the 
Clerk of the House shall forthwith deliver the same to the 
Supervisor of Bills, who shall prepare them for printing 
in conformity with the rules defining the duties of said 
officer. 

49. Original bills and joint resolutions, after being print- 
ed, shall be delivered by the said Supervisor of Bills to the 
Clerk. 

50. Bills and joint resolutions originating in and passed 
by the House and amended by the Senate, when concurred 
in by the House, shall be delivered by the Clerk to the 
Supervisor of Bills for re-printing. 

51. Bills and joint resolutions which have passed their 
second reading, together with all amendments thereto, 
shall be delivered by the Clerk to the Supervisor of Bills, 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 85 

who shall see that the same are in proper form for print- 
ingr for third reading. 

52. When the Supervisor of Bills receives from the printer 
the bill or joint resolution ordered to a third reading 
and the same shall be found correct, he shall afRx his 
ofRcial stamp to each page of the copy to be used as the 
official copy and intended to be submitted to the Governor 
for his approval and shall deliver the same to the Clerk. 

53. Two copies of every bill and of every joint resolution 
ordered to a third reading shall be printed on good bond 
paper, to be approved by the Supervisor of Bills, one of 
which copies shall be retained in his office and the other 
of which shall be delivered to the Clerk, to be used there- 
after as the official copy of said bill or joint resolution. 

54. The Supervisor of Bills shall have printed, for the 
use of the members of the Legislature, at least one hun- 
dred copies of every bill or joint resolution ordered to a 
third reading, which shall be known and designated as 
"Official Copy Re-print." The Supervisor of Bills shall 
deliver twenty-one copies of all bills and joint resolutions 
designated as "Official Copy Re-print" to the Secretary of 
the Senate, and sixty copies to the Clerk of the House, and 
he shall retain the remainder in his own custody, for the 
use of State and Legislative officers. 

55. Except as otherwise provided, the system and pro- 
cedure which have heretofore prevailed shall be followed in 
the preparation of all bills and joint resolutions for their 
various readings, as far as practicable. 

56. On a motion to strike out any item in the incidental 
bill, the question to be submitted to the House shall be, 
"Shall the item be retained in the bill?" and a majority 
of all ^ the members of the House shall be necessary to 
adopt the sa-me. 

57. After the introduction of any private bill, the appli- 
cants for said bill shall, at their own expense, furnish the 
usual number of copies for the use of the members, unless 
the printing thereof be dispensed with by a special order 
of the House. 

58. On the question of the final passage of all bills and 
joint resolutions, the yeas and nays shall be entered on 
the Journal of the House. 

59. Whenever a bill or resolution that has passed the 
House shall be carried to the Senate, all papers and docu- 
ments relating thereto, on the files of the House, shall be 
carried with such bill or resolution to the Senate. 



86 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

OF RULES. 

60. No standing rule or order of the House shall be re- 
scinded or changed without one day's notice being given of 
the motion therefor; nor shall any rule be suspended ex- 
cept by a vote of the majority of the whole number of 
members of the House. 

61. When an Assembly bill is returned amended by the 
Senate, the report thereof by the Secretary of the Senate 
shall be taken as the first reading, and the same be en- 
titled to a second reading, without a motion for that pur- 
pose; after its second reading, the question shall be, "Shall 
the Senate amendments to Assembly bill No. — have a 
third reading?" If ordered to a third reading, the amend- 
ments shall be read, but these readings shall be on differ- 
ent days; the question shall then be, "Will the House of 
Assembly concur in the Senate amendments to Assembly 
bill No. — ?" upon which question the votes shall be by 
yeas and nays. If concurred in by a majority of the whole 
House, the bill shall be re-printed, the amendments em- 
bodied therein, and the re-printed bill examined and re- 
ported upon by the Committee on Printed Bills, and read 
in open Assembly, to the end that it may be known to be 
correctly printed, and then signed and certified as other 
bills. 

62. Cushing's Manual shall in all cases, when not in con- 
flict with the rules adopted by the House, be considered 
and held as standard authority. 

63. No person shall be allowed on the floor of the House 
during its sessions except State officers' and members and 
officers of the Senate, unless by written permission of the 
Speaker. 

64. No committee of this House shall report a bill ad- 
versely without notifying the introducer of the bill; nor 
shall such adverse report be acted upon unless the intro- 
ducer of the bill is in his seat. 

65. After the calling of the roll has been commenced upon 
any question, no member shall be permitted to explain his 
vote. 

66. Every bill amended in the House, after its report by 
the committee to which it was referred upon introduction, 
shall, when ordered to be printed and have a third reading, 
be delivered to the Committee on Bill Revision, whose duty 
it shall be to examine the same, and if it be found that 
such amendment agrees with the context the" bill shall 
then be printed. If in the opinion of the committee such 
amendment is, as to form, improper, they shall report to 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 87 

the House with such recommendation as they think fit. 
Such report shall be made promptly. 

67. That hereafter any motion or resolution which will 
result in relieving a standing committee of a bill referred 
to it. shall not be entertained unless twenty-four hours' 
notice shall be given the House of the introduction of 
such motion or resolution. 

68. When a bill is introduced amending an existing law, 
it must, in the body of the bill, have all new matter under- 
scored, and all portions of the law proposed to be omitted 
must be printed in its proper place, enclosed in black- 
faced brackets. 

All bills reported with amendments shall be immediately 
reprinted; the new matter must be underscored, ajid all 
matter proposed to be eliminated by amendment must be 
included in brackets. 

It shall be the duty of the Speaker to direct the Clerk 
to cause any bill appearing on the calendar and not com- 
plying with this rule to be immediately am.ended and 
reprinted, so as to comply with the same, and when 
reprinted it shall be restored to its place on the calendar. 



88 JOINT RULES AND ORDERS. 

JOINT RULES AND ORDERS 

OF THE 

SENATE AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



1. In every case of an amendment of a bill agreed to in 
one House and dissented from in the other, if either House 
shall request a conference and appoint a committee for 
that purpose, and the other House shall also appoint a 
committee to confer, such committee shall, at a conven- 
ient hour, to be agreed on by their respective chairmen, 
meet in conference, and state to each other, verbally or 
in writing, as either shall choose, the reasons of their re- 
spective houses for and against the amendment, and con- 
fer freely thereon. 

2. After each House shall have adhered to its disagree^ 
ment, a bill or resolution shall be lost. 

3. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in 
one House is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be 
sent to the House in which the same shall have passed. 

4. Each House, in which any bill or resolution shall have 
passed, shall transmit therewith to the other House, all 
papers and documents relating to the same. 

5. When a message shall be sent from either House to 
the other it shall be announced at the door of the House 
by the doorkeeper, and shall be respectfully communi- 
cated to the Chair by the person by whom it is sent. 

6. After a bill shall have passed both Houses it shall be 
delivered by the Clerk of the Assembly or the Secretary 
of the Senate, as the bill may have originated in one House 
or the other, to a Joint Committee on Passed Bills, of 
two from each House, appointed as a Standing Commit- 
tee for that purpose, and shall be presented by said Com- 
mittee to the Governor for his approbation, it being first 
indorsed on the back of the bill certifying in which House 
the same originated, which indorsement shall be signed 
by the Secretary or Clerk, as the case may be, of the 
House in which the same did originate, and shall be en- 
tered on the Journal of each House. The said committee 
shall report on the day of presentation to the Governor, 
which time shall also be carefully entered on the Journal 
of each House. 



CONSTITUTIONAL. CONVENTION. 89 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION 

OF 1844. 



List of Delegates elected to the Convention to form a 
government for the people of the State of New Jersey, 
which met at Trenton, on May 14th, 1844, and continued 
to June 29th of the same year. The constitution was agreed 
to in convention by a vote of 55 to 1 (Mr. Condit), Mr. 
Stokes being excused from voting. It was ratified by the 
people on August 13th, 1844, by a vote of 20,276 for, and 
3,526 against, 69 ballots being rejected. The figures indicate 
the ages of the respective members. The compiler of this 
work is indebted to Hon. G. D. "W. Vroom, of Trenton, for 
the important data given. 

Atlantic County.— Jonathan Pitney, 46, physician. 

Bergen County.— John Cassedy, 47, gentleman; Alexander 
Westervelt, 50, gentleman. 

Burlington County.— "William R. Allen, 42, farmer; Jon- 
athan J. Spencer, 51, physician; Charier, Stokes, 52, farm- 
er; John C. Ten Eyck, 30, lawyer; Moses Wills, 51, mer- 
chant. 

Camden County.— Abraham Browning, 35, lawyer; John 
W. Mickle, 50, mariner. 

Cape May County.— Joshua Swain, 66, farmer. 

Cumberland County.— Joshua Brick, 62, farmer; Daniel 
Elmer, 59, lawyer; "William B. Ewing, 68, physician. 

Essex County.— Silas Condit, 66, gentleman; Oliver S, 
Halsted, 51, lawyer; Joseph C, Hornblower, 67, lawyer; 
David Naar, 43, farmer; William Stites, 52, merchant; 
Elias Van Arsdale, 73, lawyer; Isaac H. Williamson, 71, 
lawyer. 

Gloucester County.— John R. Sickler, 43, physician; 
Charles C. Stratton, 48, farmer. 

Hudson County.— Robert Gilchrist, 52, county clerk. 

Hunterdon County.— Peter I. Clark, 53, lawyer; David 
Neighbour, 46, merchant; Jonathan Pickle, 45, farmer; 
Alexander Wurts, 48, lawyer. 

Mercer County.— Richard S. Field, 39, lawyer; Henry W. 
Green, 39, lawyer; John R. Thomson, 43, gentleman. 

Middlesex County.— Moses Jaques, 73, farmer; James 
Parker, 68, farmer; Joseph F. Randolph, 40, lawyer; James 
C. Zabriskie, 40, tailor. 

Monmouth County.— Bernard Connolly, 40, printer; Geo. 



90 CONSTITUTIONAL. CONVENTION. 

F. Fort. 35, physician; Thomas G. Haight, 49, farmer; Dan- 
iel Holmes, 50, farmer; Robert Laird, 32, physician, 

Morris County.— Francis Child, 51, farmer; Mahlon Dick- 
erson, 73, lawyer; Ephraim Marsh, 48, farmer; William N. 
"Wood, 38, lawyer. 

Passaic County.— Elias B. D. Ogden, 44, lawyer; Andrew 
Parsons, 53, merchant. 

Salem County.— Alexander G. Cattell, 28, merchant; John 
H. Lambert, 45, merchant; Richard P. Thompson, 39, attor- 
ney-general. 

Somerset County.— George H. Brown, 34, lawyer; Ferdi- 
nand S. Schenck, 54, physician; Peter D. Vroom, 52, law- 
yer. 

Sussex County.— John Bell, 58, merchant; Joseph E. Ed- 
sall, 54, manufacturer; Martin Ryerson, 29, lawyer. 

Warren County.— Samuel Kibbler, 44, painter; P. B. Ken- 
nedy, 42, lawyer; R. S. Kennedy, 41, farmer. 

Presidents of the Convention— Isaac H. Williamson, Es- 
sex (resigned June 28th, 1844); Alexander Wurts, Hunter- 
don. 

Vice President— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 

Secretary— William Paterson, 27, lawyer, Middlesex. 

Assistant Secretary— Th. S. Saunders, 35, physician, Glou- 
cester. 

Recapitulation.— Lawyers, 20; farmers, 14; physicians, 7; 
merchants, 7; other professions, 10; ex-Governors, 3; ex- 
Members of Congress, 7. Four between 70 and 80 years of 
age; six between 60 and 70; seventeen between 50 and 60; 
twenty between 40 and 50; nine between 30 and 40; two 
under 30. 



CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION, 1873. 91 

CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION 

OF 1873. 



On April 4th, 1873, the Legislature passed a concurrent 
resolution empowering' the Governor to appoint, by and 
with the advice of the Senate, a commission of two persons 
from each Congressional District, to suggest and propose 
amendments to the State Constitution for submission to 
and consideration by the next two Legislatures, and after- 
wards to be submitted to a vote of the people. 

On April 24th, of the same year, Governor Parker nomi- 
nated the following gentlemen, who were duly confirmed 
by the Senate: 

First District— Benjamin F. Carter, Woodbury; Samuel 
H. Grey, Camden. Second District— Mercer Beasley, Tren- 
ton; John C. Ten Eyck, Mount Holly. Third District- 
Robert S. Green, Elizabeth; John F. Babcock, New Bruns- 
wick. Fourth District— Martin Ryerson and Jacob L. 
Swayze, both of Newton. Fifth District— Augustus W. 
Cutler, Morristown; Benjamin Buckley, Paterson. Sixth 
District— Theodore RunyOn and John W. Taylor, both of 
Newark. Seventh District— Abraham O. Zabriskie and 
Robert Gilchrist, both of Jersey City. 

Shortly afterwards Chief Justice Mercer Beasley declined 
to serve, and Philemon Dickinson, of Trenton, was ap- 
pointed in his stead. Martin Ryerson resigned and Joseph 
Thompson, of Somerset, was appointed to fill the vacancy. 
Chancellor Theodore Runyon also declined and George J. 
Ferry, of Orange, was appointed in his stead. Ex-Chan- 
cellor Zabriskie was unanimously elected president of the 
Commission, and upon his decease, which occurred in a 
short time afterwards, Dudley S. Gregory, of Jersey City, 
was appointed to fill the vacancy in the Seventh District. 
John C. Ten Eyck was elected president, vice Zabriskie, 
deceased. The secretaries were Joseph L. Naar and Ed- 
ward J. Anderson, both of Trenton. Subsequently Robert 
Gilchrist resigned and William Brinkerhoff, of Jersey City, 
was appointed in his place. John W. Taylor also resigned 
and Algernon S. Hubbell, of Newark, was appointed in his 
place. 

The first session of the Commission was held on May 8th, 
1873, and the last on December 23d, of the same year. The 
amendments submitted were partially adopted by the two 
succeeding Legislatures, and were ratified by a vote of the 
people at a special election held on September 7th, 1875. 



92 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION, 1894. 

CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION 

1894. 



In pursuance of a Joint Resolution of the Legislature, 
approved on May 17th, 1894, "for the appointment of Com- 
missioners to report amendments of the system of juris- 
prudence of this State, and provide for the election of cer- 
tain officers by the people," Governor Werts sent the fol- 
lowing nominations to the Senate, all of which were con- 
firmed: 

At Large— John P. Stockton, Trenton; Allan L. McDer- 
mott, Jersey City; Samuel H. Grey, Camden; [and William 
Walter Phelps, Englewood. 

First District— George Hires, Salem; Howard Carrow, 
Camden. Second District— William M. Lanning, Trenton; 
Edward D. Stokes, Mount Holly. Third District— Henry 
Mitchell, Asbury Park; George C. Ludlow, New Bruns- 
wick. Fourth District— John Franklin Fort, East Orange; 
Carman F, Randolph, Morristown. Fifth District— Garret 
A. Hobart, Paterscn; John D. Probst, Englewood. Sixth 
District— Edward Balbach, Jr., and Frederick Freling- 
huysen, Newark. Seventh District— Edwin A. Stevens, 
Hoboken; Joseph D. Bedle, Jersey City. Eighth District- 
John Kean, Jr., Elizabeth; John McC. Morrow, Newark. 

Messrs. Hobart and Balbach declined to serve on the 
Commission, and their places were filled by the appoint- 
ment of Eugene Emley, of Paterson, and E. Cortlandt 
Drake, of Newark. 

On Tuesday, June 5th, the Commission met in the Senate 
Chamber, at Trenton, and organized by the election of 
Samuel H. Grey as President; George C. Ludlow, Vice 
President, and Joseph L. Naar, of Trenton, Secretary. 
The last session of the Commission was held on Septem- 
ber 25th. Several amendments were suggested by the Com- 
mission and submitted, through the Governor, to the Leg- 
islature, none of which were adopted by that body. 



SPECIAL ELECTION, 1903. 93 



SPECIAL ELECTION, 1903. 



A special election was held on Tuesday, September 22d, 
1903, OH proposed amendments to the State Constitution. 
The proposed amendments, with total vote appended, were 
as follows : 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. Insert in lieu of paragraph 10 a new paragraph, as follows : 
10. The governor, or person administering the government, 
the chancellor and the attorney-general, or two of them, of 
whom the governor, or person administering the government, 
shall be one, may remit fines and forfeitures and grant par- 
dons, after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 
For, 18,883 ; against, 20,551. Majority against, 1,668. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

1. Insert in lieu of section II., a new section as follows : 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of a chief 
judge and four associate judges, or any four of them. 

2. In case any judge of said court shall be disqualified to sit 
in any cause, or shall be unable for the time being to discharge 
the duties of his oflBce. whereby the whole number of judges 
capable of sitting shall be reduced below four, the governor 
shall designate a justice of the supreme court, the chancellor 
or a vice-chancellor, to discharge such duties until the dis- 
qualification or inability shall cease. 

3. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

4. When a writ of error shall be brought, any judicial 
opinion in the cause, in favor of or against any error com- 
plained of, shall be assigned to the court in writing ; when 
an appeal shall be taken from an order or decree of the court 
of chancery, the chancellor or vice-chancellor making such 
decree or order shall inform the court in writing of his 
reasons therefor. 

5. The jurisdiction heretofore exercised by the supreme 
court by writ of error shall be exclusirely vested in the court 
of errors and appeals ; but any writ of error pending in the 
supreme court at the time of the adoption of this amendment 
shall be proceeded upon as if no change had taken place. 

For, 17,771 ; against, 20,480. Majority against, 2,709. 

Section IV. 

1. Insert in lieu of paragraph 1 a new paragraph, as follows : 
1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor and 
such number of vice-chancellors as shall be provided by law, 
each of whom may exercise the jurisdiction of the court ; the 
court shall make rules governing the hearing of causes and 
the practice of the court where the same is not regulated by 
statute. 

For, 18,313 ; against, 20,973. Majority against, 2,660. 



94 SPECIAL ELECTION, 1903. 

Section Y. 

1. At the end of paragraph 1 add the following : 
The court may sit in divisions at the same or different 
times and places. 

For, 18,268; against, 20,831. Majority against, 2,563. 

Strike out paragraph 3 of section 5 of article VI., relating to 
writs of error from the circuit court, which reads as follows : 

Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought by 
writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into the 
court of errors and appeals. 

For, 18,269 ; against, 20,831. Majority against, 2,562. 

Section VI. 

1. Insert in lieu of paragraphs 1 and 2 the following : 
The court of common pleas shall be constituted and held in 
each county in such manner as may be provided by law. 
For, 18,381 ; against, 20,837. Majority against, 2,456. 

ARTICLE VII. 

CIVIL OFFICERS. 

Section II. 

1. Insert in lieu of paragraph 1 a new paragraph as follows : 
1. Judges of the court of errors and appeals, justices of the 
supreme court, the chancellor, the vice-chancellors, and the 
judges of the circuit court and of the court of common pleas 
shall be nominated by the governor and appointed by him 
with the advice and consent of the senate ; all persons now 
holding any office in this paragraph named, except the judges 
of the court, of errors and appeals, as heretofore existing, 
shall continue in the exercise of the duties of their respective 
offices according to their respective commissions or appoint- 
ments ; the judges of the court of errors and appeals, except 
those first appointed ; the justices of the supreme court, the 
chancellor and the vice-chancellors shall hold their offices for 
the term of seven years, and shall, at stated times, receive for 
their services a compensation which shall not be diminished 
during the term of their appointments ; and they shall hold no 
other office under the government of this state or the United 
States ; the judges of the court of errors and appeals first 
appointed shall be appointed one for three years, two for five 
years and two for seven years ; judges of the court of common 
pleas shall hold their offices for the term of five years. 
For, 18,534 ; against, 20,853. Majority against, 2,319. 

Strike out paragraph 2 of section II., of article VII., relating 
to the judges of the court of common pleas, which reads as 
follows : 

Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be appointed by 
the senate and general assembly in joint meeting ; they shall 
hold their offices for five years, but when appointed to fill 
vacancies they shall hold for the unexpired term only. 

For, 18,536; against, 20,849. Majority against, 2,313. 



SPECIAL ELECTION, 1903. 



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THE STATE CAPITOL. 97 



STATE INSTITUTIONS. 



THE STATE CAPITOL,. 

This edifice, a massive structure, erected at sundry times 
and various periods, is located on West State street, at 
the corner of Delaware street, running thence westerly 
along- State street to the grounds of the late ex-Chancellor 
Green, and southerly to the Water Power. The location 
is a good one, and the building presents a very imposing 
appearance. 

The seat of Government was fixed at Trenton by an act 
of the Legislature, approved November 2oth, 1790. James 
Cooper, Thomas Lowery, James Ewing, Maskell Ewing, 
George Anderson, James Mott and Moore Furman were 
appointed commissioners to select, purchase or accept so 
much land as was needed, and to erect thereon suitable 
buildings for the use of the Legislature. They purchased 
the present site, contahiing about three and three-quarters 
acres— a frontage on Second street (now West State street) 
of 247 feet and 6 inches, and a depth from the front to low 
water line of the Delaware river of 666 feet— at a cost of 
£250 5s. The old State House was a plain, bare-looking, 
rough-cast building, and was erected at a cost of £3,992 
3s. y2d. By an act of March 4th, 1795, a building was 
erected to serve as an office for the Secretary of State, 
and for the preservation of the public records, at a cost 
of £620 19s. lOd. Numerous improvements and repairs 
were made, and on March 3d, 1806, an act was passed ap- 
pointing commissioners to make certain repairs to the 
State House, to provide and hang a suitable bell, &c. This 
was done, and the bell was used for informing the mem- 
bers of both houses, as well as the courts, of the hour 
of meeting. The bell was eventually discarded, and an 
American flag substituted, which waves from the build- 
ing unto this day, when the Legislature is in session, and 
upon holidays and State occasions. In 1848, the State 
House was altered by the removal of the rough-casting, 
and changing the front to the style of the Mercer County 
Court House, placing neat porticoes over the front and 
rear entrances, and erecting two additional buildings ad- 
joining the main one, as offices for the Clerks of the 



98 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

Chancery and tiupreme Courts, The rotunda was also 
erected, and the grounds fenced, graded, laid out and 
shade trees planted, all at a cost of $27,000. The commis- 
sioners under whose direction the work was completed, 
were Samuel R. Gummere, Samuel R. Hamilton and 
Stacy A. Paxson. In 1863, '64 and '65, appropriations were 
made and expended in building additions for the State 
Library, Executive Chambers, &c. In 1871, Charles S. 
Olden, Thomas J. Stryker and Lewis Perrine were ap- 
pointed commissioners to cause a suitable addition to be 
built— more commodious apartments for the Senate and 
Assembly, &c. The sum of $50,000 was appropriated, and 
the buildings for the Legislature were ready for occu- 
pancy in time for the meeting of the Legislature in 1872. 
In 1872, $120,000 was appropriated for completing the 
building, $3,000 for fitting up the Executive Chamber, 
$4,000 for fitting up the Chancery and Supreme Court 
rooms, and $2,000 for fitting up the offices on the first floor 
of the east wing. In 1873, the sum of $43,000 was appro- 
priated for the improvement of the front of the building, 
completing unfinished repairs and irhprovements, and for 
fitting up the Library, &c. On March 18th, 1875, the sum 
of $15,000 was appropriated for the purpose of putting a 
new three-story front to the building, and to fit up offices 
on the second floor for the Clerks of the Court of Chan- 
cery and Supreme Court, and for providing a suitable mu- 
seum for geological specimens, and the battle-flags of 
New Jersey volunteer regiments, carried during the war 
of the Rebellion. 

On March 21st^ 18S5, the front portion was destroyed by 
fire, and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for rebuild- 
ing, and, in 1886, an additional appropriation of $225,000 
was granted. 

The new building was finished in 1889. It is of rectangu- 
lar shape and of the Renaissance stj'le of architecture, 
with a frontage of one hundred and sixty feet on State 
street, with a depth of sixty-seven feet, and three and a 
half stories high, with a rotunda thirty-nine feet across, 
which connects the new sectio nof the Capitol with the 
original part. The rotunda is surmounted by a dome one 
hundred and forty-five feet high. 

The building has about sixty feet more frontage than 
the former one, and approaches about ten feet nearer the 
street. 

The walls are constructed of solid, fire-proof, brick 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 99 

masonry, faced with a light-colored stone from Indiana, 
known as Salem Oolitic, with foundations and trimmings 
of New Jersey free stone, from the Prallsville quarries, 
in Hunterdon county. The portico, door-head and trim- 
mings about the door are of the same material. The por- 
tico, with balcony, is supported by massive pillars of pol- 
ished granite and surmounted by the coat of arms of the 
State. 

The apartments used for offices are very spacious, fitted 
throughout in the most approved modern style, and each 
department is supplied with one or more of the finest 
fire-proof vaults. The first and second stories are set 
aside for offices, and the entire third story is used for 
the State Library. 

The old State Library apartments have been improved 
and extended, and are now used as offices for the Attor- 
ney-General, State Superintendent of Public Instruction 
and Commissioner of Banking and Insurance. A new 
story was added, which is used for the Geological Mu- 
seum and State offices. 

In 1891, a new Assembly Chamber was erected. The old 
one was too small and poorly ventilated, and besides, 
there was a lack of suitable committee rooms. The Leg- 
islature of 1891 passed a Joint Resolution, which was ap- 
proved on March 20th, authorizing the Governor "to pro- 
vide a suitable chamber and committee rooms for the use 
of the General Assem.bly of this State," «S:c., and also, 
"to make such additions and alterations as will afford the 
necessary accommodations for the Supreme Court and 
Court of Errors and Appeals, or for other State offices, 
and sufficient money is hereby appropriated for that pur- 
pose, to be paid by the Treasurer of this State on the 
warrant of the Comptroller, after approval by the Gov- 
ernor." 

The new chamber was built by James W. Lanning, of 
Trenton, from plans prepared by James Moylan, of Jer- 
sey City, and under the superintendency of Bernard J. 
Ford of Newark. It covers the site of the former cham- 
ber, and extends beyond it to Delaware street on the 
east and to the water power on the south. It has a front- 
age on Delaware street of 120 feet and a depth of 75 feet. 
The exterior finish and design of the building are similar 
to the adjoining portion of the Capitol. The foundation 
is of brown stone, from the Stockton quarries, and the 
trimmings of light Indiana stone. The interior is finish- 



100 THE STATE LIBRARY. 

ed in Trenton tile, quartered oak and Italian statuary 
marble. It is a tire-proof building throughout, and is 
specially ventilated. The committee rooms are ample and 
convenient, and the interior design arrangement and fin- 
ish make it a model legislative chamber. It cost the 
State $140,500. The cost of the steam heating and ventilat- 
ing systems was about $25,000. 

The other new addition to the Capitol provides a consul- 
tation room for the Judges of the Supreme Court and the 
Court of Errors and Appeals and a private room for the 
Governor, a room for the Museum of the Geological Sur- 
vey, and other offices, and cost $34,500. 

An electric light apparatus was also placed in the Cap- 
itol, which cost $23,000. Every department in the build- 
ing is now lighted by electricity. 

Two Otis elevators have been placed in the building, 
which gives easy access to all the upper floors. 

In 1900 the Legislature appropriated $96,000 for additions 
and alterations to the Capitol, which included the cost of 
an electric light plant. 

A new Senate Chamber was erected in 1903, and was 
ready for occupancy in 1904, at a cost of about $182,000. In 
1904 about $60,000 was expended for other improvements 
in the Capitol. 

THE STATE LIBRARY. 

This valuable collection of books is located on the third 
floor of the State Capitol. The old saying, "Great oaks 
from little acorns grow," most appropriately applies to 
this institution. 

The first library of the State was a case ordered to be 
procured by Maskell P^Jwing, Clerk of the House of As- 
sembly, for the keeping and preservation of such books 
as belonged to the Legislature. It was ordered by a reso- 
lution passed March 18th, 1796. This was the nucleus of 
the present extensive library. On February 18th, 1804, 
William Coxe, of Burlington; ^Ezra Darby, of Essex, and 
John A. Scudder, of Monmouth, were appointed a Com- 
mittee on Rules to make a catalogue; they reported that 
there were 168, volumes belonging to the State, and pre- 
sented a code of seven rules, which was adopted. On 
February 10th, 1813, an act (the first one) was passed, en- 
titled "An act concerning the State Library." Up to 1822 
it appears that the Clerk of the House had charge of 
the books, as Librarian, and, on November 16th, 1822, an 



THE STATE ARSENAL. 101 

act was passed for the appomtmer.t of a State Librarian, 
annually, by joint meeting'. In 184G, on April 10th, an act 
was passed making- the term of office three years. The 
Law Library at that time belonged to the members of 
the Law Library Association. The only persons allowed 
the use of the Library were members of the Association, 
the Chancellor, and the judges of the several courts. 
Stacy G. Potts was Treasurer and Librarian of the Asso- 
ciation. The Law Library was kept in the Supreme Court 
room until j837, when ^;he Legislature authorized the 
State Librarian to fit up a room adjoining the Library 
for the care and reception of the books and papers be- 
longing to the State Library. Thus the two Libraries 
wer consolidated. On March 1.3th, 1872, $5,000 per year for 
three years was appropriated for the Library by the Leg- 
islature, and by the act of March ISth, 1876, the sum of 
$2,.500 was appropriated for finishing and refurnishing the 
Library room. In 18W, the Library was removed to the 
third story of the new part of the Capitol. 

In 190-t the Legislature made a special appropriation of 
$15,000 for the installation of steel stacks, and the shelf- 
space was doubled. There is room now for more than 
125,000 books and pamphlets. About the same time the 
decimal classification system was introduced and the 
work of making a modern card catalogue begun, which 
was practically finished in 1905. 

TilE STATE ARSENAL. 

The building now used as the State Arsenal was form- 
erly the old State Prison. It is situate on Second street, 
in the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton, and has on its 
front the following inscription: 

Labor, Silence, Penitence. 

The Penitentiary House. 

Erected by Legislative Authority. 

Richard Howell, Governor. 

In the XXII. Year of American 

Independence, MDCCXCVII. 

That Those Who Are Feared For Their 

Crimes May Learn to Fear the Laws 

And be Useful. 
• Hie Labor, Hoc Opus. 

In the messages of Governors P. D. Vroom and S. L. 
Southard, recommending tbP oroction of the new prison. 



102 STATE HOSPITALS. 

it was proposed that the old one be converted into an 
Arsenal for the safe keeping- of the arms and military- 
property of the State, -which, previous to that time, had 
been kept in the old State Bank, corner of Warren anil 
Bank streets, -with accoutrements and camp and garrison 
equipage at the State House. After the removal of the 
State convicts from the old prison, permission -was given 
to the county of Mercer to occupy it as a jail until its 
jail, then in course of completion, -was finished, and when 
it was again vacated it was converted into an arsenal. 

Am^ong the stores, &c., at tlie Arsenal are one bronze 
gan, French, of the date of 1758; two bronze guns, Eng- 
lish, four-pounders, and two iron six-pounders. There is 
also one gun captured at the battle of Trenton, December 
26th, 1776, and two guns captured at Yorktown, October 
19th, 1781. There are also a large quantity of fire-arms, 
ammunition, ordnance, tents, clothing, blankets, &c. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Trenton. 

This institution is located on the right bank of the Dela- 
ware River, about two miles northwest of the City Hall. 
The buildings are constructed of reddish sands-tone, ob- 
tained from quarries near the hospital, and are located 
on an elevation of about seventy-five feet above the river. 
The front of the Main or Administration Building is or- 
namented by a handsome porch of Ionic architecture, de- 
signed by the celebrated Notman, from which may be 
obtained one of the finest landscape views in the State. 

In 1844, after repeated and unsuccessful attempts to 
cause action to be taken by the Legislature for the build- 
ing of a State institution for the special care and treat- 
ment of the insane, a commission was appointed, chiefly 
through the earnest efforts of Dr. Lyndon A. Smith, of 
Essex, and Dr. Lewis Condict, of Morris, and the emi- 
ment pliilanthropist. Miss D. L. Dix, to select a site. An 
appropriation of $35,000 was made to purchase the land, 
and to commence the erection of the building. The pres- 
ent site was selected by the commissioners from among 
many that were offered in various sections of the State 
because of the large spring of excellent water found on 
the place. This spring was developed, and furnished a 
daily supply of about one-half millions of gallons of pure 
water for many years. In the severe drought of 1880 the 



STATE HOSPITALS. 103 

supply was greatly diminished, falling off nearly two 
hundred and fifty thousand gallons; arii it has never re- 
gained its full and former capacity. The spring is now 
supplemented by driven wells, three ic number, and each 
one over three hundred feet deep. These with the spring, 
are capable of supplying daily a half million gallons of 
excellent water. In 1S96 a standpipe for storing water 
and securing a fire pressure was erected, with a capacity 
of five hundred thousand gallons. 

Work was commenced on the main building in Novem- 
ber of 1845, and the hospital was opened for the reception 
of patients on the 15th day of May, 1848. Numerous ad- 
ditions have been made from time to time to the building, 
increasing its capacity from fifty patients, in 1848, to 
1,241 in 1!>05. 

In 1887, the Legislature passed an act appropriating 
$100,000 for providing additional accommodations. The 
new building is a handsome structure of red sandstone, 
and similar to that used in the main building. This is five 
hundred feet long, three stories in height, and capable 
of accommodating three hundred patients, one hundred 
and fifty of each sex. The building is designed to ac- 
commodate the chronic incurable class, and was a great 
relief from the overcrowded state that existed in the 
main building prior to its completion. The buildinig was 
completed within the appropriation, and opened for the 
reception of patients in the month of October, 1889. 

Since the opening of the institution in May, 1848, there 
have been received and treated 11,282 patients. At the 
close of the fiscal year, October 31st, 1905, there were 
under care in the hospital 1,241 patients— 628 men and 613 
women. Much has been done for the comfort and plea- 
sure of the patients. A greenhouse has been erected for 
the purpose of furnishing plants and fiowers for the 
patients' corridors, handsome pictures adorn the walls, 
and everything about the hospital presents a comfortable 
and homelike appearance. 

The institution possesses a library, one of the largest, 
if not the largest, in this country connected with a hos- 
pital for the insane. The books are accessible to all 
members of the household. They have been freely used, 
and do much to relieve the monotony of many an hour 
of hospital life. The library now consists of about 4,000 
volumes, and is the result of the bequest of a former 
nurse (Anne Robinson), who, by will, bequeathed her 



104 STATE HOSPiri'ALS. 

earnings for several years as a nurse and attendant in 
this hospital. She made the bequest, as she herself ex- 
pressed it when making her will, for the purpose of pur- 
chasing books to be used for the pleasure and benefit of 
those to whom she had, for so many years, endeavored 
to minister. 

During the year 1898, a handsome amusement room, 
capable of seating about four hundred, was finished; also, 
a large and commodious chapel, in which religious exer- 
cises are held from time to time; various clergymen, 
without regard to denominational preference, oflflciate 
every Sunday. The new chapel is capable of seating 
about five hundred patients. In 1904-1905 an appropriation 
of $250,000 was made for "the erection of two additional 
wings to the annex building, which will accommodate 
400 more patients. In 1905, the Legislature appropriated 
$12,500 for the construction of fire escapes. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Morris Plains. 

In 'order to relieve the crowded condition of the Trenton 
Asylum, and make further provision for the increasing- 
number of the insane, commissioners were appointed by 
the Legislature of 1871 to select a site and build an in- 
stitution in the northern portion of the State. About 408 
acres of land were purchased, at a cost of $78,732.36, in 
Hanover township, Morris county, and a site for the in- 
stitution was selected on the foot hills of the Watnong 
range of the Blue Ridge Mountains, at an elevation of 520 
feet above the sea level. The location is ideal for an 
institution of its kind, being unsurpassed in this particu- 
lar by any similar institution in this country. A magni- 
ficent vew of the surrounding country is commanded. The 
air is cool and balmy in summer, and crisp and stimu- 
lating in wintei". 

The institution is a four-story building, of granite quar- 
ried on the premises, and trimmed with brown sandstone. 
The total length is 1,243 feet, and the depth, from the 
front of the main center building to the rear of the ex- 
treme wings, is 542 feet, constituting at present the lar- 
gest institution for the insane under one roof in the 
world, and one of the finest buildings of its kind in the 
United States. 

The building was planned and constructed to accommo- 
date 800 patients, but at present has a population of more 



STATE NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 105 

than 1,250 insane. The total cost was about $2,250,000. It 
was first occupied by patients on August 17th, 1876. 

The Legislature of 1895 appropriated $125,000 for addi- 
tional buildings and improvements. The foundation of 
the new building was laid to accommodate 600 patients, 
and provide suitable laboratory facilities for the further 
prosecvition of scientific work. An appropriation was also 
made for the extension of the water-supply, and an addi- 
tional tract of land was purchased, bringing the total 
extent of the nospital's property up to about 720 acres. 
On a portion of this land an additional reservoir, with a 
capacity of 6,500,000 gallons, has since been built. The 
Legislature of 189S appropriated $150,000, enabling the 
management to give out contracts looking to the com- 
pletion of the administration portion of the building, the 
north wing, associate dining-rooms, amusement hall, and 
pathological laboratories. Tn 1900 and 1901 additional ap- 
propriations aggregating about $175,000 were made for fur- 
ther improvements. 

Since the opening o.f the hospital 7.600 patients have been 
treated : 1.882 having been discharged as cured : 1.183 as 
improved and o.jI as unimproTed. 

NORMAL, AND MODEL. SCHOOLS. 

These schools are the property of the State, and are 
located at the junction of Perry street and Clinton ave- 
nue, Trenton. There are two buildings, the one for the 
schools located on the west side of Clinton avenue, the 
other, containing the boarding halls and dormitories, sit- 
uated on the east side of the avenue. These schools were 
established in 1855 by an act of the Legislature. The pur- 
pose of the Normal School was defined to be "the train- 
ing and education of its pupils in such branches of knowl- 
edge, and such methods of teaching and governing, as 
will qualify them for teachers of our common schools." 
The Model School was designed to be a place where "the 
pupils of the Normal School shall have opportunity to 
observe and practice the modes of instruction and disci- 
pline inculcated in the Normal School, and in which pu- 
pils may be prepared for the Normal School. 

The following figures show the first cost to the State 
and the present valuation of the Normal School prop- 
erty. The first cost to the State has been supplemented 
from time to time by the contributions of private individ- 
uals, and by balances from he Boarding Hall receipts 
after meeting the annual expenses of the Hall. 



106 STATE NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 

FIRST COST TO THE STATE. 

Original Normal and Model School Build- 
ings $38,000 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 

Appropriation of 1891 3,000 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 

$138,000 

Original Boarding Halls $30,000 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 

$75,000 

Total $213,000 

PRESENT VALUATION. 

Original school buildings $51,000 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 

Furniture and apparatus 30,000 

$181,000 

Boarding Halls $71,000 

North Wing, 1893 30,000 

Principal's residence, 1893 16,000 

Buildings and lot, 1899 20,400 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 

Furniture 50,000 

Grounds 115,000 

$347,000 

Total $528,400 

The enrollments in 1855 were as follows: Normal School, 
43; Model School, 125. For the year ending June 30th, 1905, 



THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 107 

these enrollments had increased to 494 in the Normal and 
620 in the Model. During its history the Normal School 
has graduated 3,675 students. 

The Principals of the schools have been as follows: Wil- 
liam F. Phelps, A. M;, October 1st, 1885, to March 15th, 
1865; John S. Hart, LL. D., March 15th, 1865, to February 
7th, 1871; L,ewis M. Johnson, A. M., February 7th, 1871, to 
July 1st, 1876; Washington Hasbrouck, Ph. D., July 1st, 
3876, to February 10th, 1889; James M. Green, Ph. D., LL. 
D., February 10th, 18S9, to the present. 

THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

"The New Jersey State Reform School" was estab- 
lished by act of the Legislature approved April 6th, 1865. 
A farm of 490 acres was purchased for the purpose near 
Jamesburg, Middlesex county. 

The first boy was received July 6th, 1867. Its first Sup- 
erintendent was Rev. Luther H. Sheldon, who was in 
office from April 10th, 1867, till April 1st, 1874, and was 
succeeded by James H. Eastman, who was Superinten- 
dent from April 1st, 1874, till September 15th, 1884. Upon 
his withdrawal Ira Otterson was made acting Superin- 
tendent, and on December 10th, 1884, he was elected Sup- 
erintendent. In 1902 Mr. Otterson was succeeded by John 
Wildes who, March 1, 1904, gave way to John C. Kalleen. 
In 1900 the name of The Reform School was changed to 
the State Home for Boys. 

Since founding the school, beside the Administration 
building, there have been erected on the campus seven 
family buildings (one of them a double building), capable 
of accommodating fifty boys each, a chapel, hospital, 
store and cook house, industrial building, electric light, 
heat and power, generating station, and farm buildings, 
all of brick, many of the buildings constructed with 
bricks manufactured by the boys on the place. 

Besides domestic and farm labor, all boys are instruct- 
ed in the rudiments of an English school education, and 
many receive instruction in different mechanical branches 
and band music. 

In 1900 there was erected by boys' labor, under regular 
instructors, a building 40 by 100 feet, two stories high, in 
which are established schools for trade teaching. While 
in the past, so far as the accommodations would permit, 
a number of boys have received instruction in mechan- 
ical trades, and with the accommodations furnished in 
the new building, a greater number of boys receive a 



lOS STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

more thorough knowledge in lines of skilled handicraft, 
which will the better prepare them to become good citi- 
zens. 

From the opening- of the Home till the close of the 
fiscal year, October 31, 1905, 4,130 boys were committed to 
the institution. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

This institution is located on the line of the Trenton 
Branch of the Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad, in 
Ewing township, near the Trenton State Hospital, and is 
located on a farm of about 79 acres of land. A substan- 
tial building was erected at a cost of $23,334, and other 
improvements since made bring the value of the place, 
with furniture, &c., up to $140,000. Previous to the erec- 
tion of the new building, the school was at "Pine Grove," 
in the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton. This place 
had been leased so as to afford room for persons sen- 
tenced under the act of April 4th, 1871, and a subsequent 
act. The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the 
erection of ah additional building. In 1900 and 1901 about 
$31,000 was spent for improvements and the Legislature 
of 1905 appropriated $45,000 for the erection of a new cot- 
tage and about $9,000 for various other improvements. 
The institution is for girls between the ages of ten and 
nineteen years who may be committed to it by the courts. 
In 1906 there were one hundred and forty inmates. 

THE STATE PRISON. 

The New Jersey State Prison, situated on the block en- 
closed by Federal, "yhird, Cass and Second streets, in the 
city of Trenton, is one of the finest institutions of its 
kind in the country. Its erection was authorized by an 
act of the Legislature passed February 13th, 1832, and it 
was completed in the year 1836, having 150 cells, at a cost 
of $179,657,11. It was built of red sand-stone, from the 
Ewing- quarries, and the style of its architecture is Eg-yp- 
tian, having four Egyptian columns in front of the main 
entrance, on Third street. It consists of a main building, 
used as a residence for the Keeper and as reception 
rooms and offices. From time to time the prison has been 
enlarged, and although there is not sufficient room to 
afford separate confinement for each prisoner, as requir- 
ed by law, the provisions of the act are carried out as far 
as possible. The rules and regulations now in force have 
brought the internal affairs of the institution, as to clean- 



THE STATE PRISON. 109 

liness, discipline, victualing-, &c., to a much higher stand- 
ard than was ever before reached, and a visit thereto will 
convince the visitor that the management is as perfect 
as can be. 

On March 4th, 1S47, $5,000 was appropriated to build an 
additional wing to the original building. On Marph 25th, 
1852, $15,000 was granted for the erection of a new wing 
for hospital purposes. On March 22d, 1860, the sum of 
$17,000 was voted for the purpose of building an additional 
wing for cells, and on February 16th, 1861, a further sum 
of ?2, 243.01 was appropriated to complete the same. On 
April 16th, 1868, $6,000 was appropriated for the building of 
an additional wing to provide room for female convicts. 
An act passed April 2d, 1869, provided for the appoint- 
ment of commissioners to extend the grounds of the 
prison to the wall of the State Arsenal, to build an ad- 
ditional wing and workshops, and made an appropriation 
of $50,000 for that purpose, and in the same month $9,734 
was appropriated for the purpose of completing the wing 
of the female department. On April 4th, 1871, the sum 
of $75,000 was appropriated for the purpose of completing 
the new or east wing, and on April 4th, 1872, a further 
sum of $28,700 was appropriated for the completion of the 
same. March 3d, 1874, $12,000 was voted for the con- 
struction of gas works for the supply of illuminating gas 
for the prison. On March 8th, 1877, the sum of $100,000 
was appropriated for the enlargement of the prison and 
the purchase of a burial ground for deceased convicts. 
The north wing was remodeled out of this last appro- 
priation and a burial ground purchased. The Legislature 
of 1895 appropriated $150,000 for the enlargement and im- 
provement of the prison. The Legislature of 1S99 appro- 
priated $14,000 for alterations in the women's wing of the 
prison. In 1905 $250,000 was appropriated for the erection 
of a new cellhouse and the making of other alterations. 

Previous to the year 1798 there was no State Prison, 
and prisoners were confined in the county jails. On 
March 1st, 1797, Jonathan Dcane was appointed by an act 
of the Legislature as an agent to purchase a lot of land 
from Peter Hunt, situate at Lamberton, containing six 
and a half acres, and to erect suitable buildings thereon. 
This was done at an expense of £9,842 Os. 3d., and what is 
now the State Arsenal, at Second and Cass streets, is 
the result. Solitary confinement was not practiced pre- 
vious to 1836, in which year the old prison was vacated 
and the present one occupied. 



no HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 

THE NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED 
SOLDIERS. 

This institution is located in Kearny, Hudson county. 
It originated in the mind of Governor Marcus L. Ward 
just before the close of the Civil War. His petition to 
the Legislatures of 1863-64 resulted in the passage of an 
act on April 12th, 1864, appointing himself, ex-Governors 
Daniel Haines, William A. Newell and Charles S. Olden, 
and Edwin A. Stevens and Rynear H. Veghte as com- 
missioners to examine into and report on the subject. On 
February 1, 1865, they made their report to Governor 
Parker and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for the 
desired purpose. Grounds were purchased in the city of 
Newark and in March, 1866, the same commissioners were 
appointed managers of the Home. The board appointed 
Colonel A. N. Dougherty, Commandant; Rev. Samuel T. 
Moore, Superintendent and Chaplain, and Dr. A. M. Mills, 
Surgeon, of the Home. It was opened for reception on 
July 4th, 1866. For twenty-two years the Home remained 
in Newark, when a new site was selected in Kearny. This 
comprises about sixteen acres and $225,000 was appro- 
priated for the buildings, furnishings, &c. On October 
4th, 1888, the old home was vacated and the new home 
occupied. The New Jersey Home is the parent of similar 
institutions throughout the country. In order to gain ad- 
mission to the Home the applicant must have served in 
the army, navy or marine service and been honorably 
discharged therefrom. He must have lived in the State 
for at least two years next preceding date of application, 
and must be unable to earn a living for himself by man- 
ual labor. Since 1888 various additions have been made 
at a cost of about $58,000. 

IVEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 
SAILORS OR MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

Vineland. 
This Home was organized in 1898, the sum of $5,000 hav- 
ing been appropriated for the purpose. A plot of ground, 
comprising 20 acres, and a building containing about 75 
rooms and basement, situated in the town of Vineland, 
were purchased for a Home, and in 1899 an additional 
appropriation of $21,500 was made to pay for the prop- 
erty. In the same year the sum of $20,000 w^as appro- 
priated for altering, repairing and furnishing the build- 
ings. In 1900 a special appropriation of $13,000 was made 
for new floors, porches, laundry machinery, engine and 



SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. Ul 

boiler and furniture. The Home was opened in Decem- 
ber, 1899, for the admission of inmates and the first were 
admitted January 2d. 1900. In 1901 the sum of $7,700 was 
appropriated for an elevator, alterations and appliances, 
making the cost of building and land $67,200. In 1903 nine 
acres of additional land was purchased at a cost of $2,000 
and the same year an act was passed by the Legislature 
providing for the care and maintenance of widows of vet- 
erns, and the sum of $28,000 was appropriated for the con- 
struction and furnishing of buildings necessary to carry 
out the provisions of the act. An additional sum of $2,500 
was appropriated for extra work and the building was 
completed and readj' for occupancy in July, 1904. The 
number of members in the Home November 1st, 1905, was 
as follows: Veterans, 66; wives of veterans, 66; widows 
of veterans, 48; making a total of 180. This total is the 
full capacity, while several applications alrea^^y approv- 
ed, await vacancies or increased facilities to receive 
them. 

SCHOOL. FOR THE DEAF. 

This institution, which is located at Trenton, is a part 
of the public school system of the State, and is open to 
deaf residents of the State between the ages of six and 
twenty-one years. The pupils are instructed in the 
branches of common-school education, and are also train- 
ed in some handicraft. Speech is taught to all who can 
acquire it, and with such success that in some classes it 
becomes the principal means of communication. 

The industrial department is larger and better equip- 
ped than in most schools of this kind. From the printing 
office is issued monthly a paper, the Silent "Worker, 
which, in point of mechanical execution and of quality 
of contents, ranks as the best issued from any institution 
in the country. All the work on this paper is performed 
by pupils of the school. 

The wood-working department, under the charge of a 
graduate of a technical school of high rank, has a course 
in which theory and practice are united in an unusual de- 
gree. 

A course of kindergarten work, especially adapted to 
the deaf child, has been worked out in the school, and 
has been followed by some of the best schools of the kind 
in this country. 

A building for hospital purposes, designed in accord- 
ance with the best modern practice and ample to meet 
any possible need, was opened in 1899. 



112 HOME FOR FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

The attendance of pupils has risen from 125 in June, 
1896, until at the present time it is about 150. 

The school possesses a well chosen library, which at 
present contains about 3,000 volumes, and is rapidly grow- 
ing-. 

HOME FOR THE CARE AND TRAINING OF FEEBLE- 
MINDED WOMEN. 

Vineland. 

This institution was established by virtue of the act of 
March 27th, 1888, the late S. Olin Garrison, who drafted 
the original law, being- its first superintendent. On No- 
vember 7th, of the same year, he was succeeded by Mary 
J. Dunlap, M. D., the present Incumbent, Upon organ- 
ization of the first board of managers, the late Hon. 
Alexander G. Catell, of Camden county, was chosen 
President, a place he acceptably filled until his death. He 
was succeeded by the Hon. Benjamin F. Lee, of Mercer 
county. Clerk of the Supreme Court, who haS since occu- 
pied the position. Mrs. Emily E. H. Williamson, of Union 
county, has been secretary of the board from its organiz- 
ation. The first treasurer was the Hon. Belmont Perry, 
of Gloucester county, he being succeeded by ex-Senator 
Philip P. Baker, of Cumberland county; the late Senator 
Barton F. Thorn, of Burlington county, and George B. 
Thorn, Esq., of Burlington county, the present incum- 
bent. 

As its official title suggests, this institution lias for its 
object the care and training of feeble minded women. 
Its location in a peculiarly healthful and fertile portion 
of the State, the plan and scope of the buildings, as well 
as their equipment and the employment of modern ad- 
ministrative methods, make the Home a subject for fav- 
orable comparison with any similar institution in the 
country. The property consists of about 50 acres. 

The most conspicuous building of the Home is that de- 
voted to purposes of administration and instruction, in- 
cluding dormitories and a gymnasium. There is also a 
laundry, a power-house, with heating apparatus, and 
pump for raising the sewage of the home Into the Vine- 
land system. Fire escapes and a water tower give pro- 
tection to the State's wards. All the buildings are light- 
ed with gas or electricity. 

For Board of Managers see list of State officers. 



SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 113 

TRAINING SCHOOL, FOR FEEBLE-MINDED 
CHILDREN. 

Vineland. 

This public institution is an outgrowth of a private one, 
which Prof. S. Olin Garrison established in Millville, Cum- 
berland county, on September 1st, 1887. It was opened at 
Vineland, on March 1st, 1888, with an enrollment of ten 
inmates. Adjacent properties were soon acquired and a 
handsome building, costing about $18,000, was erected in 
1890-91. There are ten cottages, besides a hospital, large 
barns, sljops and manual training-rooms, located on a 
farm of 170 acres. The school has a fine assembly hall, 
seating over 600, and also containing seven school-rooms, 
drill-room and a gymnasium. 

The plan and scope of training and education by the 
school, require fourteen teachers in English, Kindergar- 
ten, Music, Physical Culture and Manual Trades depart- 
ments, thereby indicating the special and comprehensive 
fields of instruction. There is also a custodial depart- 
ment for the idiotic, and a hospital department for epi- 
leptics. 

The property is woith over $250,000, real and personal, 
with a debt of only $11,000. Besides very good property 
acquisitions at low cost, at least $150,000 have been do- 
nated to the school since its organization, to aid in the 
current expenses, in improvements and new buildings. 

On November 1st, 1905, there were 346 boys and girls in 
the institution. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

Skillman, Somerset County. 

This village is located in Montgomery township, Somer- 
set county, about one mile from Skillman Station, on the 
line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The loca- 
tion is one of the most beautiful and healthful in the 
State, and is admirably adapted for the purposes of this 
kind of an institution. The managers have secured three 
adjoining farms containing in all about five hundred 
acres. 

The three farm houses are now being used, one for the 
Administration building, one for male and one for female 
patients. 

In 1884 Dr. John W. Ward, Superintendent of the State 
Hospital at Trenton, realizing the necessity of separating 
8 



114 STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

the epileptics from the insane, went before a legislative 
committee and strongly urged the appropriation of $50,- 
000 to erect a building upon the grounds of that institu- 
tion for the proper care of the epileptics. The late Prof. 
S. Olin Garrison, Principal of the New Jersey Training 
School for Feeble-Minded Children, at Vineland, early re- 
cognized the necessity of separate provision for the epi- 
leptics in that institution, and was indefatigable in his 
efforts to establish the present village. 

For a number of years the subject was agitated, and 
in 1895, in accordance with a resolution passed by the 
Legislature, the Governor appointed a commission to in- 
vestigate the number and condition of epileptics in the 
State. The report of the commission was presented to 
the Legislature of 1896 and a bill was introduced for the 
establishment of a colony on a plan recommended by the 
commission. The bill failing to become a law, the New 
Jersey State Medical Society, by resolution at their an- 
nual meeting in 1896, endorsed the necessity of such 
legislation. In 1897 the President, Dr. Thomas J. Smith, 
of Bridgeton, most ably presented the necessity of pro- 
viding for the epileptics, and urged that the State author- 
ities be importuned most earnestly to revive the move- 
ment initiated the year before to establish an industrial 
epileptic colony in our State. The Society reaffirmed its 
position, and appointed a committee to urge the matter 
further. 

Through the combined efforts of those interested and 
with the zealous co-operation of Senator Stokes, of Cum- 
berland, who had charge of the legislation, an act was 
passed by the Legislature of 1898, and promptly signed by 
Acting Governor Voorhees, making the necessary provi- 
sions for the establishment of the institution. The sum 
of $15,000 was appropriated for the purchase of a site and 
to pay for the equipment and maintenance of the vil- 
lage. The "Maplewood Farm," containing about 187 
acres, was purchased for $11,500, and the village was 
opened for the reception of male patients November 1st, 
of the same year. 

The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the erec- 
tion of two cottages for patients, and $16,000 for the pur- 
chase of two farms adjoining the property. Additional 
appropriations were made in 1901, '02, '03 and '04. All epi- 
leptics of either sex, over five years of age, and not in- 
sane, are admitted- 



NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 115 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

Rahway. 

The Legislature of 1895 passed an act, which was ap- 
proved by Governor Werts on March 28, providing for the 
appointment of a commission consisting of six persons to 
build an intermediate prison for the criminal classes. The 
act authorized the commission to set apart for the use of 
the reformatory the property known as the Edgar farm, 
' belonging to the State Sinking Fund, located in Union 
county, and also such other portion of said farm located 
in Middlesex county, and, if necessary, to purchase ad- 
joining property for the completion of the site at a cost 
not exceeding. $10,000. The institution when completed 
shall have a capacity of not less than one thousand pris- 
oners. The sum of $100,000 was appropriated to begin the 
work. The criminal courts of the State are empowered 
to sentence prisoners between the ages of sixteen and 
thirty years to the reformatory instead of to the State 
Prison. The act provided that the commission shall be 
constituted of a board of managers upon the completion 
of a part of the reformatory. 

The act of 1895 was repealed in 1901, when a new law 
was enacted, which provided for a Board of Managers to 
consist of nine persons including the Governor, no more 
than four to be of the same political party. In substance, 
the new act does not differ much from the original act. 
The original commissioners were: Patrick Farrelly, 
George S. Mott, David M. Chambers, "William A. Ure, 
John T. Daly and Thomas M. Gopsill. 

The Reformatory is about one and a half miles from 
the city of Rahway. The cost,( exclusive of the appro- 
priation of ^1901, was about $575,000. The central or guard 
room building and one wing are all that has been com- 
pleted of the main building. The capacity of the dormi- 
tory wing is 256 rooms, and 332 inm.ates were admitted in 
November, 1903. In 1904 there were 308 inmates. 

The inmates are detailed to different trades classes, and 
do all the work required for betterm.ents and repairs. 
They enjoy daily educational advantages, and are regu- 
larly drilled in military tactics. To double the present 
capacity of the Reformatory it will be necessary to add 
one wing. Four wings in all are contemplated* for its 
completion. The space between the central building and 
the domestic building has been enclosed with a temporary 
wooden stockade. Since the j^ear 1900 various appropria- 
tions by the Legislature have been made toward the com- 
pletion of the building. For Board of Managers see list 
of State officers. 



116 ELECTORAL VOTE. 

ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1888. 



FOR HARRISON, REP. 



California 

Colorado 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Maine 

Massachusetts . 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Nebraslja 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Yorli 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . . 
Rhode Island . . 

Vermont 

Wisconsin 



8 

3 

22 

15 

13 

9 

6 

14 

13 

7 

5 

3 

4 

36 

23 

3 

30 

4 

4 

11 



Total 233 

Harrison's majority, 65. 



FOR CLEVELAND, DEM. 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

Connecticut . . , 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Kentucky . . . . , 

Louisiana 

Maryland 

Mississippi .... 

Missouri , 

New Jersey . . . 
North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Tennessee .... 

Texas 

Virginia 

West Virginia 



10 

7 

6 

3 

4 

12 

13 

8. 

8 

9 

16 

9 

11 

9 

12 

13 

12 



Total 168 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1892. 



FOR CLEVELAND, DEM. 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Connecticut . . . 

Delaware 

Florida ■ 

Georgia 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Kentucky .... 
Louisiana .... 
Maryland .... 
Michigan .... 
Mississippi . . . 

Missouri 

New Jersey . . . 
New York ... 
North Carolino 
North Dakota 

Ohio 

South Carolina 
Tennessee .... 

Texas 

Virginia 

West Virginia 
Wisconsin .... 



11 

8 

8 

6 

3 

4 

13 

24 

15 

13 

8 

8 

5 

9 

17 

10 

36 

11 

1 

1 

9 

12 

15 

12 



12 



FOR HARRISON, REP. 



California 

Iowa 

Maine 

Massachusetts . 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Montana 

Nebraska 

New Hampshire 
North Dakota . . . 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . . 
Rhode Island . . 
South Dakota . . 

Vermont 

Washington . . . 
Wyoming 



1 

13 
6 

15 
9 
9 
3 
8 
4 
1 

22 
3 

32 
4 
4 
4 
4 
3 



Total 145 

FOR WEAVER, POP. 

Colorado 4 

Idaho 3 

Kansas 10 

Nevada 3 

North Dakota 1 

Oregon 1 



Total 277 Total 

Cleveland over Harrison, 132. 

Cleveland over Harrison and Weaver, 110. 



22 



ELECTORAL VOTE. 



in 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1896. 



For McKinley, Rep. 

California 8 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

IllinoiB 24 

Indiana 15 

Iowa 13 

Kentucky 12 

Maine 6 

Maryland 8 

Massachusetts 15 

Michigan 14 

Minnesota 9 

New Hampshire 4 

New Jersey 10 

New York 36 

North Dakota 3 

Ohio 23 

Oregon 4 

Pennsylvania 32 

Rhode Island 4 

Vermont 4 

West Virginia 6 

Wisconsin 12 



McKinley's majority, 95. 



271 



For Bryan, Dem. 

Alabama 11 

Arkansas 8 

California 1 

Colorado 4 

Florida 4 

Georgia 13 

Idaho 8 

Kansas 10 

Kentucky 1 

Louisiana 8 

Mississippi. 9 

Missouri 17 

Montana 3 

Nebraska 8 

Nevada 3 

North Carolina 11 

South Carolina 9 

South Dakota 4 

Tennessee 12 

Texas 15 

Utah 3 

Virginia 12 

Washington 4 

Wyoming 3 

"176 



118 ELECTORAL VOTE. 



ELECTORAL VOTE, 1900—1904. 

1904 1900 







^ 


r 


■\ 


State. 


Roosevelt, 


Parker, 


McKinley, 


Bryan, 




Rep. 


Dem. 
11 


Rep. 


Dem. 


Alabama 





11 


Arkansas 


'.'. 10 
5 


9 


9 


8 


California 




Colorado 


4 


Connecticut 


7 


— 


6 


— 


Delaware 


3 


— 


3 


— 


Florida 


— 


5 


■ — 


4 


Georgia 


— 


13 


— 


13 


Idaho 


3 


— 


— 


3 


Illinois 


27 
15 
13 


= 


24 
15 
13 





Indiana 





Iowa 





Kansas 


10 


— 


10 


— 


Kentucky 


— 


13 


— 


13 


Louisiana 


— 


9 


— 


8 


Maine 


6 
1 


7 


6 

8 





Maryland 


— 


Massachusetts .. 


16 


— 


15 


— 


Michigan 


14 


— 


14 


— 


Minnesota 


11 


— 


9 


— 


Mississippi 


— 


10 


— 


9 


Missouri 


18 
3 


— 


— 


17 


Montana 


3 


Nebraska 


8 


— 


8 


— 


Nevada 


3 
4 





4 


3 


New Hampshire. 




New Jersey 


12 





10 





New York .-. 


39 


— 


36 


— 


North Carolina.. 


— 


.12 


— 


11 


North Dakota. . . 


4 


— 


3 


— 


Ohio 


23 


— 


23 


— 


Oregon 


4 


— 


4 


— 


Pennsylvania . . . 


34 


— 


32 


— 


Rhode Island — 


4 


— 


4 


— 


South Carolina... 


— 


9 


— 


9 


South Dakota 


4 


— 


4 


— 


Tennessee 


— 


12 


— 


12 


Texas 


— 


18 


— 


15 


Utah 


3 


— 


3 


— 


Vermont 


4 


— 


4 


— 


Virginia 


— 


12 


— 


12 


Washington 


5 


— 


4 


— 


West Virginia 


7 


— 


6 


— 


Wisconsin 


13 


— 


12 


— 


Wyoming 


3 


— 


3 


— 


Total 


336 


140 


292 


155 



Under the apportionment of 1901. the electoral vote of 
the country was increased from 447 to 470, making 229 
necessary to a choice. 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



119 



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122 



PRESIDENTIAl^ VOTE. 



PRESDENTIAL VOTE, 1880 AND 1884. 





1884. 


1880. 


STATES. 

(38) 


Blaine, 
Rep. 


Cleve- 
land, 
Dem. 


Butler, 
Gr'b'k. 


St. John 
Pro. 


Garfield, 
Rep. 


Han- 
cock, 
Dem. 


Alabama 


59,444 

50,895 

100,816 

36,277 

65,898 

12,788 

28,039 

47.964 

337,449 

238,480 

197,089 

153,158 

118,674 

46,347 

72.209 

85,699 

146,724 

192,669 

111,923 

42,774 

♦202,261 

76.877 

8,381 

43,166 

123,433 

562,001 

125,068 

400,082 

26,8^2 

474,268 

19,030 

21,733 

124,078 

88,353 

39,514 

139,356 

*63,096 

161,147 


92,973 

72,927 

88,307 

27,627 

67,182 

17,054 

81.769 

94,567 

812,320 

244,992 

♦177,288 

89,466 

152,757 

62.546 

62,140 

96,932 

122,352 

♦191,225 

70,144 

78,547 

235,972 

♦54,354 

7,000 

89,166 

127,784 

563,048 

142,905 

868,280 

24,593 

893,510 

12,391 

69,764 

133,258 

223,208 

17,-31 

14r,497 

67,317 

146.4^4 


762 

1,844 

1,975 

1,957 

tl,685 

6 

125 

10,753 
8,176 


610 


56,221 

42,436 

80.348 

27,450 

67,071 

14,133 

23,654 

64,086 

318,037 

232,164 

183,927 

121,549 

106,306 

§38,637 

74,039 

78,515 

165.205 

185,341 

93,903 

34,854 

153,567 

54,979 

8,732 

44,852 

120,555 

555,444 

115,874 

875,048 

20,619 

444,704 

18,195 

58,071 

107,677 

67,893 

45,567 

84,020 

46,243 

144,000 


91,185 


Arkansas 


60 775 


California 

Colorado 


2,640 

759 

t2,492 

65 

74 

184 

11,824 

3,018 

1,472 

4,495 

8,106 


80,426 
24,647 
64,415 
15,275 
27,964 


Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 


Georgia 


102,470 


Illinois 


277,321 


Indiana 


225,522 


Iowa 


105,845 


Kansas 


16,110 
1,655 


69 801 


Kentucky 


149 068 


Louisiana 


65,067 
♦65,171 


Maine 


3,953 

631 

24,382 

tt763 

3,587 


2,160 
2,794 
9,923 
18,403 
4,691 


Maryland 


93,706 


Massachusetts- 
Michigan 


111,960 
131,59' 


Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 


63315 
75,750 




2,153 
2,858 


208,608 
28 523 


Nebraska 




IINevada 




9,613 
40.794 
122,565 
634,511 
124,208 
340 821 


N. Hampshire- 
New Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina 


552 

8,494 

16,955 


1,573 

6,155 

24,999 

448 

11,269 

488 

15,366 

928 


Ohio 


5,170 

723 

16,942 

422 


Oregon 


■ 19,948 
407,428 
10,779 
112,312 
128,191 
156 428 


Pennsylvania... 
Rhode Island... 
South Carolina 


IFTennessee 

Texas 


957 

8,321 

785 


1.131 
8,511 
1,752 
143 
939 
7.649 


Vermont 


18 316 


Virginia 


al28,586 


West Virginia... 
Wisconsin 


ttsib 

4,597 


57,391 
114,649 


Total 


4,844,002 


4,914.947 
70.915 


134,599 


151,531 


4,454,416 
9,464 


4,444,952 


Plurality 



1884— Scattering and Imperfect, 7,876; Lockwood, 5; total vote. 

10,053,770. 
1880— Greenback, 308.578; Prohibition. 10,305; American, 707; 

scattering, 989 ; total vote, 9,219,947. 



♦Fusion, t including 160 misspelled, t Including 232 misspelled. 
% One county missing in 1884. || One county estimated in 1884. g Vote 
for the two Republican tickets (Regular, 27.676; "Beattie, 10,340) 
combined, ft Straight Gre uback. oRegular(96,912)and Readjuster 
(31,674) votes combined. 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



]23 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE, 1888. 



States. 



Alabama , 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Illinois 

Indiana , 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky , 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Marj'land 

Massachusetts..,. 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi , 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina . 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania.... 
Khode Island.... 
S uth Carolina.. 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Vermont 

Virginia.. 

West Virginia.... 
Wisconsin 

Tofal 



Harrison. 



57,197 

58,752 

124,809 

50,766 

74,584 

12,978 

26,650 

40,453 

370,470 

263,361 

211,598 

182,914 

155,134 

30,184 

73,734 

99,986 

183,456 

236,370 

136,359 

. 30,096 

236,325 

108,4-25 

7.238 

45,728 

144,344 

650,338 

134,709 

415,792 

33,293 

526,091 

21,969 

13,740 

138,815 

83,280 

45,192 

150,438 

78,491 

176,553 

5,430,607 



Cleveland. 



117,310 

85,962 

117,729 

37,542 

74,92., 

16,414 

39,561 

100,472 

348,258 

261,013 

179,877 

102,738 

183,800 

89,941 

50,482 

106,168 

151.990 

218,404 

99,664 

85,476 

261,957 

80,552 

5,326 

43,358 

151.493 

655,965 

148,336 

399,969 

26,524 

446,200 

17,530 

6-5, 8-25 

159,079 

234,883 

16,788 

151,977 

79,330 

155,232 



5,538,045 



Fisk. 



683 

614 

5 761 

2,100 

4,234 

400 

403 

1,802 

21,386 

9,881 

3,550 

6,779 

5,225 

130 

2.690 

4,766 

8,636 

20,942 

15,000 

218 

4,954 

9,424 

45 

7,585 

7,904 

30,327 

5,787 

4,618 

1,677 

20,743 

1,251 



5,669 
4,749 
1,450 
1,678 



14,277 



257,248 



Labor. 



10,643 



1,591 

1,205 
240 



136 
7,410 
2,694 
9,10'> 

37,7b7 
622 



1,345 
""4,'542 
15,853 
*42 

"'s.oso 
'"3,452 

363 

3,865 

18 



43 
35 



8,5-22 



114,623 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE, 1892. 



STATES. 



J2 



U 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California .... 

Colorado 

Connecticut . 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

I6wa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

* Louisiana .. . 

Maine 

Maryland .... 
Massachusetts 
Michigan ... 
Minnesota.. 
Mississippi. 
Missouri .... 
Montana ... 
Nebraska... 

Nevada 

N. Hampshire 
New Jersey . 

New York 

N. Carolina.. 
N. Dakota... 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania.. 
Rhode Island 
S. Carolina.... 

S. Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington .. 
West Virginia, 
Wisconsin .. 
Wyoming .. 



Totals 



138 138 

87,834 

118,174 



82,395 

18 581 

30,143 

129,386 

2 

426,281 

262,740 

196.367 



175,461 

87,622 

48 044 

113,866 

176,858 

202,296 

100,920 

40,237 

268,398 

17,581 

24,943 

714 

42,081 

171.066 

654,908 

133,098 



404,115 
14 243 

452,264 

24,336 

54,698 

9,081 

136,594 

239 148 
16,325 

163,977 
29.844 
84,467 

177,335 



5 554,561 



9,197 

46,974 

118,027 

38,620 

77,032 

18,077 

22 

48,305 

8,599 

399 288 

255,615 

219,795 

157,241 

135,441 

26,134 

62,878 

92,736 

202 927 

222 708 

122,823 

1,406 

226,918 

18,851 

87 227 

2811 

45,658 

156,101 

609,459 

100,565 

17,519 

405 187 

35,002 

516,011 

26,976 

13,384 

34,888 

99,851 

77,475 

37 992 

113 266 

36 460 

80,293 

170,846 

8,454 



6,185,028 



85,181 
11,831 
25 311 
53,584 
809 



« 



4 843 
-42,939 
10,520 
22,207 
22,208 
20,595 
163.111 
23.500 
27,903 

2,381 
796 

3,348 
19,796 
29 313 
10.256 
41213 

7,334 
83,134 

7264 
293 
986 
16,436 
44 732 
17 700 
14,852 
26,965 

8,714 
228 

2,410 
26,544 
23,780 
99,688 
42 
12 274 
19 054 

4,166 

9 909 

7,722 



241 
113 

8,096 

1.687 

4,026 

564 

570 

988 

288 

25 870 

13,050 

6,402 

4.553 

6,44 

*3"662 
5,877 
7,639 

20 857 

14,182 

910 

4,331 

549 

4,902 

89 

1,297 

8,134 

38,191 
2,636 
' 899 

26,012 
2 281 

25 123 
1,654 



4 776 
2,166 
1,424 
2,736 
2 653 
2,146 
13,132 
630 



1 055,871 270,876 



HI 



128.941 

40,860 

147 



5,363 

504 

30 121 

81,081 



26,993 
7,125 



X cj 



40,020 
61,488 



21,130 



38,831 
41,480 



14,965 
45,449 
32,533 



41,314 



36,743 
161,673 



50,721 



4,174 
6.489 



918,145 



38.620 



8,597 



23,428 
157,241 



14,834 



26,069 
20,412 
21,903 



1,270 

62,284 

2,097 

3,577 



17,519 

1,072 

20,759 

63.747 

2,639 



25,807 



21,667 
"6,'6l6 



8,454 



548,612 



Cleveland's plurality, 369,533. 

Wing, Socialist-I.abor, received in Connecticut, 333 votes; 
in Massachusetts, 676; in New Jersey, 1,337; in New York, 
17,958; in Pennsylvania, 898. Total, 21,202. 

*ln Louisiana the Republican and People's parties voted 
each for four of the other's eight candidates for electors. 
Thus some of the Louisiana voters are counted twice in the 
above table, and while all the Presidential candidates re- 
ceived a total of 12,098,668 votes in the whole country, there 
were only 12,070,766 actual voters. 

(124) 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



135 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, i8g6. 



STATES. 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut , 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts.... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missoun 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire. 

New Jersey 

New York 

North Caroiina.. 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island , 

South Carolina .., 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah. 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin. 

Wyoming 



' Total 
Plurality 



3 



64,737 
37,512 

146,588 
26,279 

110,286 

20,452 
11,257 

60,091 
6,814 
607,130 
323,748 
289,293 
159,345 
218,171 

22,037 

80,465 
136.978 
278,976 
293,327 
193,503 
5,123 
304,940 

10.490i 

102,564 

1,939 

67,444 
221,367 
819,838 
155,222 

26,335 
525,991 

48,779 
728,300 

37,437 
9,313 

41,042 
148,773 
162,606 

13,461 

60,991 
135,388 

39,163 
104,414 
268,359 

10,072 



7,105,729 
613,762 



a 

eqpi 



131,226 

110,103 

144,766 

161,269 

66,740 

16,616 

31,958 

94,672 

23,135 

464,523 

306,206 

223,741 

170,636 

217,890 

77,175 

34,588 

104,746 

105,711 

237,251 

139,735 

46,283 

363,667 

43,680 

116,624 

8,369 

21,650 

133,676 

651,513 

174,488 

20,686 

477,497 

46,739 

433,230 

14,469 

58,801 

41,225 

168,176 

368,289 

67,053 

10,607 

154.986 

51,646 

92,927 

163.441 

10,861 



6,491,977 



«{ 

i 



SB 



6,462 



1 

4,836 

969 

1,772 

2.708 



6,390 
2,146 
4,516 
1,209 
5,104 
1,834 
1,870 
2,507 
11,749 
6,930 
3,216 
7,517 
2,355 



OS Oh 

OJ 0) fl 



2,797 



3,420 

6,378 

18,972 

578 



1,868 

977 

11,000 

1,166 

824 



1,951 
4,863 



1,329 
2,127 
1,668 
677 
4,244 



2,147 

839 

2,573 

2,104 

1,806 

602 

644 

6,716 

172 

10,611 

5,241 

8,544 

2,281 

4,781 



1,570 
6,058 
2,998 
6,777 
4,363 
890 
2,462 



1,993 



776 

5,614 

16,075 

921 

358 

7,784 

919 

19,274 

1,165 



500 
3,098 
5,030 



728 
2,344 
1,116 
1,203 
6,669 

169 



133,654 142,491 



1- 

S o 



893 



150 
1,223 



1,147 
848 
453 



588 
2,114 

"918 



695 
186 



228 

3,985 

17,731 



1,167 



6,103 
558 



115 



591 



39,221 



126 ELECTION RETURNS. 





(- 


s 


o 


<D 


>»rf 


^ 




w o 


2 6 


fi o 


-z o 


flu 72 


iSM 


Q 


§ 



972 


7,572 




389 


684 


714 




1,029 


90S 




57 




1.090 


603 




4,584 






213 






1,141 


9,687 


1,373 


1,438 


2,374 


663 


613 


2,742 
1,605 


259 


2,017 


760 


289 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1900. 



otf bfi °ph rtf^ 

§ M ^ fq 

Alabama 53,669 96,368 1,407 

Arkansas 44,800 81,142 584 

California 164,755 124,985 5,024 

Colorado 93,072 122,733 3,790 

Connecticut 102,572 74,014 1,617 

Delaware 22,560 18,863 546 

Florida 7,499 28,007 2,239 

Georgia 35,036 81,700 1,396 

Idaho 27,198 29,414 857 

Illinois 597,985 503,061 17,626 

Indiana 336,063 309,584 13,718 

Iowa 307,808 209,265 9,502 

Kansas 185,955 162,601 3,605 

Kentucky 226,801 234,899 2,429 

Louisiana 14,233 53,671 

Maine 65,435 36,832 

Maryland 136,212 122,271 

Massachusetts... 239,147 157,016 

Michigan 316,269 211,685 

Minnesota 190,461 112,901 

Mississippi 5,753 51,706 

Missouri 314,093 351,913 

Montana 25,373 37,146 

Nebraska 121,835 114,013 

Nevada 3,849 6,347 

New Hampshire 54,798 35,489 

New Jersey 221,707 164,808 

New York 821,992 678,386 

North Carolina.. 133,081 157,752 

North Dakota... 35,891 20,519 

Ohio 543,918 474,882 

Oregon 46,526 33,385 

Pennsylvania ... 712.665 424,232 

Rhode Island.... 33,784 19,812 

South Carolina.. 3,525 47,283 

South Dakota... 54,530 39,544 

Tennessee 123.008 145,250 

Texas 1.30,641 277,432 

Utah 47,089 44,949 

Vermont 42,569 12,849 

Virginia 115,865 146,080 

Washington .... 57,457 44,833 

West Virginia... 119,851 98,791 

Wisconsin 265,866 159,285 

Wyoming 14,482 10,164 



2,585 




878 


• • • • • 


4,582 




908 


39i 


6,208 




9,716 


2,610 


11,859 


833 


2,826 


903 


8,555 


i'644 


3,065 


1,329 


5,963 


4,244 


6,128 


1,294 


298 




708 


116 


3,686 


1,104 


823 




1,271 




790 




7,183 


669 


4,609 


2,074 


22,043 


• • • > 


12,869 


12; 622 


1,009 


830 






731 


110 


5i8 




10,203 


251 


4,847 


1,688 


2,536 


275 


1,494 




27,908 


638 


4,831 


2,936 


1,529 






1,423 


*i",542 


339 


169 




3,900 


1,368 


410 


• * • • • 


2,644 


20,981 


1,846 


162 


205 




717 


106 


383 


367 






2,150 


• . . • • 






2,345 





1,906 


1,066 


1,586 


279 


286 





10,124 


""2 


7,095 


524 



7.217,677 6.357,883 207,368 50,188 94,552 33,450 



ELECTORAL VOTE OP NEW JERSEY. 127 

ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 



FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT, FROM 
MARCH 4, 1789. 

1789— George Washington, of Virginia 6 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 1 

John Jay, of New York 5 

1793— George Washington, of Virginia 7 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

1797— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1801— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

C. C. Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1805— Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1809 — James Madison, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1813— DeWitt Clinton, of New York 8 

Jarard Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania 8 

1817— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1821— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1825 — Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina 8 

1829— John Q. Adams, of Massachusetts • 8 

Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania 8 

1833— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

Martin Van Buren, of New York 8 

1837— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

Francis Granger, of New York 8 

1841— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

John Tyler, of Virginia 8 

1845— Henry Clay, of Kentucky 7 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey 7 

1849— Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana 7 

Millard Fillmore, of Nev/ York 7 

1853 — Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire 7 

William R. King, of Alabama 7 

1857— James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania 7 

John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky , 7 



128 NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 

1861— Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois 4 

Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine 4 

Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois 3 

Herchel V. Johnson, of Georgia 3 

1865— George B. McClellan, of New Jersey 7 

George H. Pendleton, of Ohio 7 

1869— Horatio Seymour, of New York 7 

Francis P. Blair, of Missouri 7 

1873— Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois 7 

Henry Wilson, of Massachusetts 7 

1877— Samuel J. Tilden, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1881— Winfield Scott Hancock, of Pennsylvania 9 

William H. English, of Indiana 9 

1885— Grover- Cleveland, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1889— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Allan G. Thurman, of Ohio 9 

1893— Grover Cleveland, of New York 10 

Adlai E. Stevenson, of Illinois 10 

1897— William McKinley, Ohio 10 

Garret A. Hobart, New Jersey 10 

1901— William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 10 

1905— Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 12 

Charles W. Fairbanks, of Indiana 12 



PRESIDENTIAL. VOTE OF NEW JERSEY FROM 1840 

TO DATE. 

1840— Harrison, Whig, 33,851; Van Buren, Dem., 31,034. 
Harrison's majority, 2,327. 

1844— Clay, Whig, 38,318; Polk, Dem., 37,495. Clay's major- 
ity, 823. 

1848— Taylor, Whig, 40,015; Cass, Dem., 36,901; Van Buren, 
819. Taylor's plurality, 3,114. 

1852- Pierce, Dem., 44,305; Scott, Whig, 38,556; Hale, Free 
Soil, 350. Pierce's plurality,, 5,749. 

1856— Buchanan, Dem., 46,943; Fremont, Rep., 28,338; Fill- 
more, Amer., 24,115. Buchanan's plurality, 18,605. 

1860— Dem. Fusion ticket, 62,869; Lincoln, Rep., 58,346. 
Fusion majority, 4,523. (Three Douglas electors. Cook, 
Parker and Runyon, were chosen, the highest vote being 
62,869 for Cook, and four Lincoln electors were chosen, 
Hornblower, Brown, Elmer and Ivins, the highest vote 
being 58,346 for Hornblower. The highest vote cast for a 
Breckinridge elector (Wurts) was 56,237.) 

1864— McClellan, Dem., 68,024; Lincoln, Rep., 60,723. Mc- 
Clellan' s majority, 7,301. 



NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 129 

1868— Seymour, Dem., 83,001; Grant, Rep., 80,131. Sey- 
mour's majority, 2,870. 

1872— Grant, Rep., 91,656; Greeley, Dem., 76,456. Grant's 
majority, 15,200. 

1876— Ti. den, Dem., 115,962; Hayes, Rep., 103,517. Tilden's 
majority, 12,445. 

1880— Hancock, Dem., 122,565; Garfield, Rep., 120,555. Han- 
cock's majority, 2,010. 

1884— Cleveland, Dem., 127,784; Blaine, Rep., 123,433. Cleve- 
land's majority, 4,351. 

1888— Cleveland, Dem., 151,493; Harrison, Rep., 144,344; 
Fisk, Pro., 7,904. Cleveland's plurality, 7,149, 

1892— Cleveland, Dem., 171,066; Harrison, Rep., 156,101; 
Bidwell, Pro., 8,134; Wing-, Social.-Lab., 1,337; Weaver, 
People's, 985. Cleveland's plurality, 14,965. 

1896— McKinley, Rep., 221,367; Bryan, Dem., 133,675; Palmer. 
Nat. Dem., 6,373; Levering, Pro., 5,614; Matchett, Soc.-Lab., 
3.985. McKinley's plurality, 87,692. 

1900— McKinley, Rep., 221,707; Bryan, Dem., 164,808; Wool- 
ley, Pro., 7,183; Debs, Soc.-Dem., 4,609; Malloney, Soc.-Lab., 
2,074; Barker, People's, 669. McKinley's plurality, 56,899. 

1904— Roosevelt, Rep., 245,164; Parker, Dem., 164,566; Swal- 
low, Pro., 6,845; Debs., Socialist, 9,587; Corrigan, Soc.-Lab., 
2,680; Watson, People's Dem., 3,705, Roosevelt's plurality, 
80.598. 



130 NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 

NEW JERSEY'S VOTE FOR GOVERNOR 

From 1844 to Date. 



1844— Stratton, Whig, 37,949; Thomson, Dem., 36.591; Park- 
hurst, 76. Whig- plurality, 1,358. 

1847— Haines, Dem., 34,765; Wright, Whig. 32.166; William 
Right, 87; Moses Jaques, 146; Scattering, 109. Democratic 
plurality, 2,599. 

1850— Fort, Dem., 89,723; Runk, Whig, 34,054. Democratic 
majority, 5,669. 

1853— Price, Dem., 38,312; Haywood, Whig, 34,530. Demo- 
cratic majority, 3,782. 

1856— Newell, Rep., 50.903; Alexander, Dem., 48,246. Re- 
publican majority, 2,657. 

1859— Olden, Rep., 53,315; Wright, Dem., 51,714. Republican 
majority, 1,601. 

1862— Parker, Dem., 61,307; Ward, Rep., 46,710. Democratic 
majority, 14,597. 

1865— Ward, Rep., 67,525; Runycn, Dem., 64,736. Repub- 
lican majority, 2,789. 

1868— Randolph, Dem., 83,619; Blair, Rep., 79,072. Demo- 
cratic majority, 4,547. 

1871— Parker, Dem., 82,362; Walsh, Rep., 76,383. Demo- 
cratic majority, 5,979. 

1S74— Bedle, Dem.. 97,283; Halsey, Rep., 84,050. Demo- 
cratic majority, 13,233. 

1877— McClellan, Dem., 97,837; Newell. Rep., 85,094; Hoxsey, 
Greenback, 5,069; Bingham, Tax and Pro., 1,439. Demo- 
cwatic plurality, 12,746. 

1880— Ludlow, Dem., 121,666; Potts, Rep., 121,015; Hoxsey, 
Greenback, 2,759; Ransom, Pro., 195. Democratic plu- 
rality, 651. 

1883— Abbett, Dem.. 103,856; Dixon, Rep., 97,047; Urner, 
Nat., 2,960; Parsons, Pro., 4,153. Democratic plurality, 6,809. 

1886— Green, Dem., 109,939; Howey, Rep., 101,919; Fiske, 
Pro., 19,808. Democratic plurality, 8,020. 

1889— Abbett, Dem., 138,245; Grubb, Rep., 123,992; La Monte, 
Pro., 6,853. Democratic plurality, 14,253. 

1892— Werts, Dem., 167,257; Kean, Jr., Rep., 159,362; Ken- 
nedy, Pro., 7,750; Keim. Soc.-Lab.. l,-338; Bird, People's, 894. 
Democratic plurality, 7,625. 

1895— Griggs. Rep., 162,900; McGill, Dem., 136,000; Wilbur. 
Pro., 6,661; Ellis, People's, 1,901; Keim, Soc.-Lab., 4,147. Re- 
publican plurality, 26,900. 

1898— Voorhees, Rep., 164,051; Crane, Dem., 158,552; Lan- 
don. Pro., 6,893; Maguire, Soc.-Lab.. 5.458; Schrayshuen, 
People's, 491. Republican plurality, 5,499. 

1901— Murphy, Rep., 183,814; Seymour. Dem., 166,681; 
Brown, Pro., 5,365; Vail, Soc, 3,489; Wilson, Soc. Labor, 
1,918.-^ Republican plurality, 17,133. 

1904— Stokes, Hep , 231,363; Black, Dem., 179,719; Parker, 
Pro., 6,687; Kearns, Soc, 8,858; Herrschaft, Soc.-Lab., 
2,526; Honnecker, People's Dem., 3.285. Republican plural- 
, Ity, 51.644. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 131 

NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FROM 1774 TO THK PRESENT TIME. 

CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 

1774-5, James Kinsey; 1774-6, John Cooper, Stephen Crane, 
John De Hart, Francis Hopkinson, William Livingston, 
Richard Smith. Richard Stockton; 1776-7, Jonathan D. -Ser- 
geant; 1776-8, Abraham Clark, Jonathan Elmer; 1776-9, John 
Witherspoon; 1777-8, Elias Boudinot; 1777-9, Nathaniel Scud- 
der; 1778-9, Frederick Frelinghuysen, Elias Dayton: 1778, 
John Neilson; 1778-80, John Fell; 1779, Thomas Henderson; 
1779-81, William Ch. Houston; 1780-1, William Burnett, Wil- 
liam Paterson; 1780-3, Abraham Clark; 1780-2, John Wither- 
spoon; 1781-3, William Paterson; 1782-3, Frederick Freling- 
huysen; 1781-4, Silas Condict, Jonathan Elmer; 1783-5, John 
Beatty. Samuel Dick; 1783-4, John Stevens, Sr. ; 1784-5, 
Charles Stewart, William Ch. Houston; 1784-7, Lambert 
Cadwalader; 1785-6, John Cleaves Symmes, Josiah Horn- 
blower; 1786-7, James Schureman; 1786-8, Abraham Clark; 
1787, William Paterson; 1787-8, Jonathan Elmer; 1787-9, Jona- 
than Dayton. 

FROM 1789 TO DATE. 

I. 1789-91— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Lambert Cadwal- 
ader, Hunterdon; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thom.as 
Sinnickson, Salem. 

II. 1791-3— Elias Boudinot. Burlington; Abraham Clark, 
Essex; Jonathan Dayton, Essex; Aaron Kitchell, Morris; 
James Schureman, Middlesex. 

III. 1793-5 — John Beatty, Hunterdon; Elias Boudinot. 
Burlington; Lambert Cadwalader, Hunterdon; Jonathan 
Dayton, Essex; Abraham Clark, Essex (died 1794); Aaron 
Kitchell, Morris (to fill vacancy). 

IV. 1795-7— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; Thomas 
Henderson, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, Essex; Isaac 
Smith, Hunterdon; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

V. 1797-9— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; James H. 
Imlay, Monmouth; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

VI. 1799-1801— John Condit, Essex; Franklin Davenport, 
Gloucester; Samuel H. Imlay, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, 
Morris; James Linn, Somerset. 



132 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. ' 

VII. 1801-3— John Condit. Essex: Ebenezer Elmer. Cum- 
berland; William Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burliugton; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

VIII. 1803-5— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlington; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, Ber- 
gen. 

IX. 1805-7— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hunterdon; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, 
Essex. 

X. 1807-9— William Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hun- 
terdon; Thomas Newbold, Burlington; James Sloan, Glou- 
cester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, Essex 
(until 1808): Adam Boyd, Bergen (from 1808-9). 

XT. 1809-11— James Cox. Monmouth (until 1810); William 
Helms, Sussex; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; Thomas New- 
bold, Burlington; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, 
Bergen. 

XII. 1811-13- Adam Boyd, Bergen; Lewis Condict, Mor- 
ris; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; George C. Maxwell, Hun- 
terdon; James Morgan, Middlesex; Thomas Newbold, Bur- 
lington. 

XIIL 1813-15— Lewis Condict, Morris; William Cox, Bur- 
lington; Richard Stockton, Somerset; Thomas Ward, Es- 
sex; James Schureman, Middlesex; Jacob Hufty, Cumber- 
land (until 1814); Thomas Binns, Essex (1814-15). 

XIV. 1815-17— Ezra Baker, Middlesex; Ephraim Bateman, 
Cumberland; Benjamin Bennett, Monmouth; Lewis Con- 
dict, Morris; Henry Southard, Somerset; Thomas Ward, 
Essex. 

XV. 1817-19— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin 
Bennett, Monmouth; Joseph Bloomfield, Burlington; 
Charles Kinsey, Essex: John Linn, Sussex; Henry South- 
ard. Sussex. 

XVT. 1819-21— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Joseph 
Bloomfield, Burlington; John Linn, Sussex; Barnard Smith, 
Middlesex; Henry Southard, Somerset; John Condit, Essex 
(until 1820); Thomas Binns, Essex (1820-1). 

XVn. 1821-3— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, 
Gloucester; Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland, Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XVIII. 1823-5— George Cassady, Bergen; Daniel Garrison, 
Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, Glou- 
cester; Lewis Condict, Morris; Sam'i ~\ Swan, Somerset. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 133 

XIX. 1825-7— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; Daniel Garrison, Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Bur- 
lington. 

XX. 1827-9— Lewis Condict, Essex; Isaac Pierson, Essex; 
Samuel Sv/an, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Burlington; 
George E. Holcombe, Monmouth (until 1828); Hedge 
Thompson, Salem (until 182S); James Fitz Randolph, Mid- 
dlesex (1828-9); Thomas Sinnickson, Salem (1828-9). 

XXL 1829-31— Richard M. Cooper, Gloucester, Lewis Con- 
dict, Morris; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; Isaac Pier- 
son, Essex; James Fitz Randolph, Middlesex; Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XXII. 1831-3— Lewis Condict, Morris; Richard M. Cooper, 
Gloucester; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; James Fitz 
Randolph, Middlesex; Isaac Southard, Somerset; Silas 
Condit, Essex. 

XXIII. 1833-5— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Essex; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; 
James Parker (D.), Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), 
Somerset; William N. Shinn (D.), Burlington. 

XXIV. 1835-7— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic (re- 
signed and elected Governor); Samuel Fowler (D.), Sus- 
sex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; James Parker (D.), 
Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), Somerset; William 
N. Shinn (D.), Burlington; William Chetwood (D.), Essex 
(vacancy 183G-7). 

XXV. 1837-9— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones York (W.), Salem. 

XXVL 1839-41— William B. Cooper (D.), Gloucester; 
Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic; Joseph F. Randolph 
(W.), Monmouth; Daniel B. Ryall CD.), Monmouth; Joseph 
Kille (D.), Salem; Peter D. Vroom (D.), Somerset. 

XXVIL 1841-3— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones Yorke (W.), Salem. 

XXVIIL 1843-5— Lucius Q. G. Elmer (D.), Cumberland; 
George Sykes (D.), Burlington; Littleton Kirkpatrick (D.), 
Middlesex; Isaac G. Farlee (D.), Hunterdon; William 
Wright (W.), Essex. 

XXIX. 1845-7— James G. Hampton (W.), Cumberland; 
Samuel G. Wright (W.) (died 1845), Monmouth; George 
Sykes (D.), (vacancy), Burlington; John Runk (W.)» Hun- 



134 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN 

terdon; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; William Wright 
(W.), Essex. 

XXX. 1847-9— James G. Hampton (W.), Cumberland; 
William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke (W.), 
Middlesex; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; Dudley S. Greg- 
ory (W.), Hudson. 

XXXI. 1849-51— Andrew K. Hay (W.), Camden; William 
A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke (W.), Middle- 
sex; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; James G. King (W.), 
Hudson. 

XXXII. 1851-3— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Gloucester; 

Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; George H. Brown (W.), Som- 
erset; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; Rodman M, Price 
(D.), Essex. 

XXXIII. 1853-5— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Gloucester; 

Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; Samuel Lilly (D.), Hunter- 
don; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Pennington (W.), 
Essex 

XXXI V. 1855-7— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; James Bishop (N. A.), 
Middlesex; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Pennington 
(R."), Essex. 

XXXV. 1857-9— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), • Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; Garnet B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; John Huyler (D.), Bergen; Jacob R. Worten- 
dyke (D.), Hudson. 

XXXVI. 1859-61— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; John 
L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; Garnet B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; Jetur R. Rigg's (D.), Passaic; William Penning- 
ton (R.) (Speaker), Essex. 

XXXVII. 1861-3— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; John 
L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; William G. Steele (D.), 
Somerset; George T. Cobb (D.), Morris; Nehemiah Perry 
(D.), Essex. 

XXXVIII. 1863-5— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; George 
Middleton (D.), Monmouth; William G. Steele (D.), Somer- 
set; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Nehemiah Perry CD.), 
Essex. 

XXXIX. 1865-7— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; William A. 
Newell (R.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), Warren; 
Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Ed. R. V. Wright (D.), 
Hudson. 

XL. 1867-9— William Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles Haight 
(D.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), Warren; John 
Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLL 1869-71— William Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 135 

Haight (D.), Monmouth; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; Orestes Cleveland (D.), Hudson. 

XLII. 1871-3— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam'i 
C. Forker (D.). Burlington; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLIII. 1873-5— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Amos Clark, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; Marcus 1j. Ward (R.), Essex; Isaac 
W. Scudder (R.), Hudson. 

XLIV. 1875-7— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Frederick H. Teese (D.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XL.V. 1877-9— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; J. 
Howard Pugh (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Thomas B. Peddle (R.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLVI. 1879-81— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; Heze- 
kiah B. Smith (D.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A, Clark (D.), Somerset; Charles H. Voorhis 
(R.), Bergen; John L. Blake (R.), Essex; Lewis A. Brigham 
(R.), Hudson. 

XLVII. 1881-3- George M. Robesoh (R.), Camden; John 
Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; Miles Ross (D.), Middlesex; 
Henry S. Harris (D.), Warren; John Hill (R.), Morris; 
Phineas Jones (R.), Essex; Augustus A. Hardenbergh (D.), 
Hudson. 

XLVTII. 1883-5— Thomas M. Ferrell (D.), Gloucester; 
John Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Benjamin F. Howey (R.), Warren; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; William H. F. Fiedler i,D.), Essex; 
William McAdoo CD.), Hudson. 

XLIX. 1885-7— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Bu- 
chanan (R.), Mercer; Robert S. Green (D.), Unicm; James 
N. Pidcock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), 
Bergen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo 
(D.), Hudson. 

L. 1837-9— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), Union; James N. Pid- 
cock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), Ber- 
gen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo (D.), 
Hudson. 

L.L 1889-91— Christopher A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 



136 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

Buchanan (R.), Mercer; Jacob A. Geissenhainer (D.), Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; Charles D. Beckwith 
(R.), Passaic; Herman Lehlbach (R.). Essex; William 
McAdoo (D.), Hudson, 

LII. 1891-3— C. A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; J. A. Geissenhainer (D.), Monmouth; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; C. A, Cadmus (D.), Passaic; T. D. 
English (D.), Essex; *E. F. McDonald (D.), Hudson. 

LIII. 1893-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.). Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; J. A. Geissenhainer (D.), 
Monmouth; Johnston Cornish (D.), Warren; C. A. Cadmus 
(D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; George B. Fielder 
(D.), Hudson; John T. Dunn (D.), Union. 

LIV. 1895-7— LV. 1897-9— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), 
Gloucester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; 
James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.). 
Essex; Tl-iomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

LVI. 1899-1901— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; James T. Stew- 
art (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; fWilliam 
D. Daly (D.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVIL 1901-3— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; $ Joshua S.Salmon (D.), Morris; James T.Stew- 
art (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; Allan L. 
McDermott (D.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union, 

LVIIL 1903-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; ttWilliam M. Lanning (R.), Mercer; Charles N. 
Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), Passaic; Rich- 
ard Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William H. Wiley (R.), 
Essex; Allan Benny (D.), Hudson; Allan L. McDermott 
(D.), Hudson. 

LIX. 1905-7— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.3, Mercer; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R), Union; Henry C. Allen (R.), Passaic; Richard 
Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William H. Wiley (R.), Es- 
sex; Marshall Van Winkle (R.), Hudson; Allan L. McDer- 
mott (D.), Hudson. 

LX. 1907-9— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R).. Union; William Hughes (D.), Passaic; R. Wayne 
Parker (R.), Essex; LeGage Pratt (D.), Essex; Eugene 
W. Leake (D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

*Mr. McDonald died November 5th, 1892, and he was suc- 
ceeded by George B. Fielder. 

fMr. Daly died after the first session of this Congress, 
and Allan L, McDermott was elected to fill the unexpired 
term. 

$Mr, Salmon died during the first session of this Con- 
gress, and DeWitt C. Flanagan (D.), was elected to fill 
the vacancy. 

ttMr. Lanning resigned after the first session of this 
Congress, and Ira W. Wood (R.) was elected to the 
vacancy. 



THE JUDICIARY. 137 

THE JUDICIARY. 

(From 1704 to date.) 



CHANCELLORS. 

(Term, seven years— Salary, $10,000.) 
1845, Oliver S. Halsted; 1852, Benjamin Williamson; 1860, 
Henry W. Green: 1866, Abraham O. Zabriskie; 1873, Theo- 
dore Runyon; 1887, Alexander T. McGill; 1900, William J. 

Magie. 

CHIEF JUSTICES. 

(Term of office, seven years— Salary, $10,000.) 
1704, Roger Mompesson; 1709, Thomas Gordon; 1710, David 
Jamison; 1723, William Trent; 1724, Robert Lettis Hooper; 
1728, Thomas Farmer; 1738, Robert Hunter Morrip; 1758, 
William Aynsley; 1764, Charles Read; 1764, Frederick 
Smyth; 1776, Richard Stockton (declined; 1776, John De 
Hart (declined); 1777, Robert Morris; 1779, David Brearley; 
1789, James Kinsey; 1803, Andrew Kirkpatrick; 1824, Charles 
Ewing; 1832, Joseph C. Hornblower; 1846, Henry W. Green; 
1853, Peter D. Vroom (declined); 1853, Alexander Wurts (de- 
clined); 1861, Edward W. Whelpley; 1864, Mercer Beasley; 
1897, William J. Magie; 1900, David A, Depue; 1901, William 
S. Gummere. 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years— Salary, $9,000 each.) 
1704, William Pinhorne; 1705, William Sandford; 1705, An- 
drew Bowne; 1706, Daniel Coxe; 1708, Thomas Revel; 1708, 
Daniel Leeds; 1710, Peter "Sonmans; 1710, Hugh Huddy; 1711, 
Lewis Morris; 1711, Thomas Farmer; 1721, Peter Bard; 1734, 
Daniel Coxe; 1735, John Hamilton; 1739, Joseph Bonnel; 1739, 
John Allen; 1748, Samuel Nevil; 1749, Charles Read; 1754, 
Richard Salter; 1764, John Berrien; 1772, David Ogden; 1774, 
Richard Stockton; 1776, Samuel Tucker; 1776, Francis Hop- 
kinson (declined); 1777, Isaac Smith; 1777, John Cleves 
Symmes; 1788, John Chetwood; 1797, Andrew Kirkpatrick; 
1798, Elisha Boudinot; 1804, William S. Pennington; 1804, 
William Rossell; 1813, Mahlon Dickerson; 1815, Samuel L. 
Southard; 1820, Gabriel H. Ford; 1826, George K. Drake; 
1834, Thomas C. Ryerson; 1838, John Moore White; 1838, 
William L. Dayton; 1838, James S. Nevius; 1841, Daniel 
Elmer; 1841, Ira C. Whitehead; 1845, Thomas P. Carpenter; 
1845, Joseph F. Randolph; 1845, James S. Nevius; 1848, Elias 
B. D. Ogden; 1852. Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 1852, Stacy G. Potts-; 
1852, Daniel Haines; 1855, Peter Vredenburgh; 1855, Martin 
Ryerson; 1855, Elias B. D. Ogden; 1858, Edward W. Whelp- 



138 THE JUDICIARY. 

ley; 1859, Daniel Haines; 1859, William S. Clawson; 1859, 
John Vandyke; 1861, George H. Brown; 1861, L. Q. C. Elmer; 
1862, Peter Vredenburgh; 1862, L. Q. C. Elmer; 1862, Elias 
B. D. Ogden; 1865, Joseph D. Bedle; 1866, Vancleve Dalrim- 
ple; 1866, George S. Woodhull; 1866, '73, '80, '87 and '94, David 
A. Depue; 1869, '76, '83. '90 and '97, Bennet Van Syckel; 1869, 
'76, '83 and '90, Edward W. Scudder;, 1875, '82 and '89, Man- 
ning M. Knapp; 1875, '82, '89 '96 and '03, Jonathan Dixon; 1875, 
'82 and '89, Alfred Reed; 1880 and '87, Joel Parker; 1880, '87 
and '94, William J. Magie; 1888, '95 and '02, Charles G. Gar- 
rison; 1892, George T. Werts; 1893, Job H. Lippincott; 1893, 
Leon Abbett; 1895, William S. Gummere; 1895, George C. 
Ludlow; 1897, Gilbert Collins; 1900, John Franklin Fort; 

1900, Abram Q. Garretson; 1901, Charles E. Hendrickson; 

1901, Mahlon Pitney; 1903, Francis J. Swayze; 1904, Alfred 
Reed; 1906, Thomas W. Trenchard. 

ATTORNEY-GENERALS. 

(Term, five years— Salary, $7,000.) 
1704, Alexander Griffith; 1714, Thomas Gordon; 1719, Jere- 
miah Basse; 1723, James Alexander; 1728, Lawrence Smith; 
1733, Joseph Warrel; 1754, Cortland Skinner; 1776, William 
Paterson; 1783, Joseph Bloomfield; 1792, Aaron D. Woodruff; 
1811, Andrew S. Hunter; 1817, Theodore Frelinghuysen; 1829, 
Samuel L. Southard; 1833, John Moore White; 1838, Richard 
S. Field; 1841, George P. Mollesson; 1844, Richard P. Thomp- 
son; 1845, Abraham Browning; 1850, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 
1852, Richard P. Thompson; 1857, William L. Dayton; 1861, 
F. T. Frelinghuysen; 1867, George M. Robeson; 1870, Robert 
Gilchrist; 1875, Joel Parker; 1875, Jacob Vanatta; 1877, John 
P. Stockjton; 1897, Samuel H. Grey; 1902, Thomas N. McCar- 
ter; 1903, Robert H. McCarter (term expires May 15, 1908). 

CLERKS IN CHANCERY. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1831, Stacy G. Potts; 1840, Samuel R. Gummere; 1851, Dan- 
iel B. Bodine; 1856, William M. Babbitt; 1861, Barker Gum- 
mere; 1871, Henry S. Little; 1881, George S. Duryee; 1886, 
Allan L. McDermott; 1896, Lewis A. Thompson; 1901, Ed- 
ward C. Stokes; 1905, Vivian M. Lewis. 

CLERKS OF SUPREME COURT. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Jonathan D. Sergeant (declined); 1776, Bowes Reed; 
1781, William C. Houston; 1788, Richard Howell; 1793, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1807, William Hyer; 1812, Garret D. Wall; 1817, 
Zachariah Rossell; 1842, Eli Morris; 1842, James Wilson; 
1852, William M. Force; 1857, Charles P. Smith; 1872, Benja- 
min F. Lee; 1897, William Riker, Jr. (term expires Novem- 
ber 2. 1907). 



STATE OFFICERS. 1» 

STATE OFFICERS. 

(From 1776 to date.) 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Charles Pettit (resigned October 7th, 1778); 1778, 
Bowes Reed; 1794, Samuel W. Stockton; 1795, JoTin Beatty; 
1805, James L,inn; 1820, Daniel Coleman; 1830, James D. 
Westcott; 1840, Charles G. McChesney; 1851, Thomas S. 
Allison; 1861, Whitfield S. Johnson; 1866, Horace N. Congar; 
1870, Henry C. Kelsey; 1897, George Wurts; 1902, Samuel D. 
Dickinson (term expires April 1, 1907). 

STATE TREASURERS. 
(Term, three years— Salary, $6,000.) 

1776, Richard Smith (resigned February 15th, 1777); 1777, 
John Stevens, Jr.; 1783, John Schureman (declined); 1783, 
James Mott; 1799, James Salter; 1803, Peter Gordon; 1821, 
Charles Parker; 1832, William Grant; 1833, Charles Parker; 
1836, Jacob Kline; 1837, Isaac Southard; 1843, Thomas Ar- 
rowsmith; 1845, Stacy A. Paxson; 1848, Samuel Mairs; 1851, 
Rescarrick M. Smith; 1865, David Naar; 1866, Howard Ivins; 
1868, William P. McMichael; 1871, Josephus Sooy, Jr.; 1875, 
Gershom Mott; 1876, George M. Wright; 1885, Jonathan H. 
Black well; 1885, John J. Toffey; 1891, George R. Gray; 1894, 
George B. Swain; 1902, Frank O. Briggs (term expires Feb- 
ruary 11, 1908). 

STATE COMPTROLLERS. 
(Term, three years— Salary, $6,000.) 

1865. William K. McDonald; 1871, Albert L. Runyon; 1877, 
Robert F. Stockton; 1880, Edward J. Anderson; 1891, Wil- 
liam C. Heppenheimer; 1894, William S. Hancock; 1902, J. 
Willard Morgan (term expires February 20, 1908). 

ADJUTANT-GENERALS. 
(Salary, $2,500.) 
1776, William Bott; 1793, Anthony Walton White; 1803, 
John Morgan; 1804, Ebenezer Elmer; 1804, Peter Hunt; 1810, 
James J. Wilson; 1812, John Beatty; 1814, James J. Wilson; 
1814, Charles Gordon; 1816, Zachariah Rossell; 1842, Tnomas 
Cadwallader; 1858, Robert F. Stockton, Jr.; 1867, William S. 
Stryker; 1900, Alexander C. Oliphant; 1902, R. Heber Breint- 
nall. 



14C STATE OFFICERS. 

QUARTERMASTERS-GENERaL. 

(Salary, $2,500.) 

[The c>ffice of Quartermaster-General of New Jersey 
was established by an act of the Legislature, approved 
March 11, 1806.] 

1807-1SI.4, Jonathan Rhea; 1814, Charles Gordon; 1814-1821, 
Ellet Tucker; 1821-1824, James J. Wilson; 1824-1837, Garret 
D. Wall; "l837-1855, Samuel R. Hamilton; 1855-1889, Lewis 
Perrine; 1890-1905, Richard A. Donnelly; 1905— C. Edward 
Murray. 

[General Lewis Perrine died in 1889 and the vacancy was 
filled by Adjutant-General Stryker until the appointment 
of General Donnelly. General Donnelly died February 
27, 1905.] 

STATE LIBRARIAN&. 

(Term since 1878, five years— Salary, $2,000.) 

See Page 100 of the Manual. 

1822, William L. Prall; 1823 to '28, Charles Parker; 1829 to 
'33, William Boswell; 1833 to '36, Peter Forman; 1837 to '42, 
Charles C. Yard; 1843 to '45, Peter Forman; 1845 to '52, 
William D"Hart; 1852 to '5.3, Sylvester Vansickle; 1853 to 
'06, Charles J. Ihrie; 186G to '69, Clarence J. Mulford; 1869 
to '71, Jeremiah Dally; 1872 to '83, James S. McDanolds: 
1SS4 to '89, Morris R. Hamilton; 1899 to—, Henry C 
Buchanan. 

STATE PRISON KEEPERS. 

(Term since 1876, five years— Salary, $3,500.) 

Crooks; Henry Bellerjeau; Francis Labaw; 1829, 

Ephraim Ryno; 1830, Thomas M. Perrine; 1836, Joseph A. 
Yard; 1839, John Voorhees; 1841, Jacob B. Gaddis; 1843, 
Joseph A. Yard; 1845, Jacob B. Gaddis; 1851, William B. 
Vanderveer; 1857, Robert P. Stoll; 1862, T. V. D. Hoagland; 
1863, Joseph B. Walker; 1866, Peter P. Robinson; 1868, Joseph 
B. Walker; 1869, David D. Hennion; 1871, Robert H. Howell; 
1873, Charles Wilson; 1876, Gershom Mott; 1881, P. H. Lav- 
erty; 1886, John H. Patterson; 1S96, Samuel S. Moore; 1902, 
George O. Osborne (term expires March 18, 1907). 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



141 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Below 


is 


, a recoi 


d of the length of 


each 


session. 


the date 


of meeting and adjournm 


ent of 


, and the 


number 


of laws 


enacted 


b5 


' tlie various Legislatures 


since 


the adoption of 


the new 
Year. 


Constitution in 1844: 
Meeting. Adjournment 


Length. 


Laws 
enactec 


Joint 

Resolu- 

. tions. 


1845 — January 14, 


April 


4, 


12 Weeks. 


138 


7 


1846— 




13, 


t> 


18, 


14 




114 


15 


1847— 




12, 


M'ch 


5, 


8 




109 


13 


1848— 




11, 


•' 


9, 


9 




136 


14 


1849— 




9, 


** 


2, 


8 




136 


12 


1850— 




8, 


" 


8, 


9 




123 


9 


1851— 




14, 


" 


19, 


10 




171 


3 


1852— 




13, 


" 


30, 


11 




213 


9 


1853— 




12, 


<< 


11, 


9 




198 


12 


1854— 




10, 


" 


17. 


10 




223 


13 


1855 — 




9, 


April 


6, 


13 




258 


5 


1856— 




8, 


M'ch 


14, 


10 




180 


11 


1857— 




13, 


" 


21, 


10 




223 


2 


1858— 




12, 


" 


18, 


10 




215 


8 


1859— 




11, 


" 


23, 


11 




231 


1 


1860— 




10, 


" 


22, 


11 




270 


6 


1861— 




8, 


" 


15, 


10 




181 


2 


1862— 




14, 


" 


28, 


11 




194 


5 


1863— 




13, 


" 


25, 


11 




279 


3 


1864— 




• 12, 


April 


14, 


14 




446 


7 


1865— 




10, 


" 


6, 


13 




514 


5 


1866— 




9, 


" 


6, 


13 




487 


6 


1867— 




18, 


" 


12, 


12 




480 


12 


1868— 




14, 


" 


17, 


14 




566 


11 


1869— 




12, 


" 


2 


12 




577 


5 


1870 




11, 


M'ch 


17, 


10 




532 


6 


1871— 




10, 


April 


G, 


13 




625 


9 


1872— 




9, 


" 


4, 


13 




603 


10 


1873— 




14, 


" 


4, 


12 




723 


1 


1874— 




13, 


M'ch 


27, 


11 




534 


1 


1875— 




12, 


April 


9, 


13 




439 





1876— 




11, 


" 


21, 


15 




213 


6 


1877— 




9, 


M'ch 


9. 


9 




156 


6 



142 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Year. 


Mseting. 


Adjournment 


. Length. 


Laws 
enacted. 


Joint 
Resolu- 
tions. 


1878— January 8, 


April 


5, 


13 Weeks. 


267 


7 


1879— 


14, 


M'ch 


14, 


9 


<t 


209 


3 


1880— 


13, 


" 


12, 


9 


*' 


224 


4 


1881— 


11, 


" 


25, 


11 


<i 


230 


10 


1882— 


10, 


<> 


31, 


12 


<i 


190 


7 


1883— 


9, 


" 


23, 


11 


" 


208 


6 


1884— 


8, 


April 


18, 


15 


<< 


225 


9 


1885— 


13, 


" 


4, 


12 


<< 


250 


4 


1886—* 


12, 


June 


2, 


15 


" 


279 


3 


1887— t 


11, 


April 


7, 


13 


♦' 


182 


3 


1888— 


10, 


M'ch 


30, 


12 


<♦ 


337 


11 


1889— 


8, 


April 


20, 


15 


t< 


297 


8 


1890— 


14, 


May 


23, 


19 


" 


311 


3 


1891— 


13, 


M'ch 


20, 


10 


" 


285 


6 


1892— 


12, 


" 


11, 


9 


'• 


296 


1 


1893— 


10, 


" 


11, 


9 


" 


292 


2 


1894—$ 


9, 


Oct. 


2, 


20 


" 


354 


7 


1895—11 


8, 


June 


13, 


13 


" 


434 


8 


1896— 


14, 


M'ch 


26, 


11 


(1 


219 


2 


1897— 


12, 


<i 


31, 


12 


it 


206 


1 


1898— 


11, 


<< 


25, 


11 


<< 


242 


2 


1899— 


10, 


" 


24, 


11 


" 


219 


3 


1900— 


9, 


" 


23, 


11 


♦' 


198 


3 


1901— 


8, 


i( 


22, 


11 


" 


210 


2 


1902— 


14, 


<i 


27, 


11 


ti 


279 


4 


1903— 


13, 


April 


2, 


12 


" 


273 


3 


1904— 


12, 


M'ch 


25, 


11 


ii 


250 


10 


li,05— 


10, 


•• 


30, 


12 


" 


270 


5 


1906— 


0. 


April 


12, 


14 


" 


331 


11 



*After a session of 14 weeks the House took a recess on 
April 10th till June 1st. The Senate continued in session, 
as a Court of Impeachment, till April 22d, when a recess 
was taken till June 1st. Up to the time of taking the recess 
the Senate and House were in session together 14 weeks, 
and the Senate, by itself, one week. Both Houses re- 
assembled on June 1st, and an adjournment sine die took 
place at 5 o'clock p. M.. on Wednesday, June 2d. The 
Laverty impeachment trial was opened before the Senate, 
sitting as a court, on March 11th, and ended on Wednesday, 
April 21st, at 9 o'clock r. m., when -a verdict of guilty on 
two counts, by a two-thirds majority, was returned. The 
trial lasted 19 days. See Senate Journal, session of 1886, 
pages 905 to 959. 

t The Senate did not organize till February 1st. 

t On May 26th a recess was taken until October 2d, when 
the Legislature re-assembled, and without transacting any 
business adjourned sine die at 3 :30 in the afternoon. 

II On March 22d a recess was taken until June 4th, when 
the Legislature re-assembled, and, remaining In session two 
weeks, adjourned sine die on June 13th. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



143 



POLICITAL COMPLEXION OF NEW JER- 
SEY'S LEGISLATURES. 

(From 1840 to date.) 



1840— Council, 13 Whigs; 5 Dems. House, 41 Whigs, 12 
Dems. 

1841— Council, 9 Whigs; 9 Dems. House, 35 Whigs 
Dems. 

1842— Council, 10 Whigs; 8 Dems. House, 32 Whigs 
Dems. 

1843— Council, 6 Whigs; 12 Dems. House, 23 Whigs 
Dems. 

1884— Council, 13 Whigs; 6 Dems. House, 40 Whigs 
Dems. 

1845— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 30 Whigs 
Dems.; 1 Native American. 

1846— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 40 Whigs 
Dems. 



1847— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 38 Whigs 
Dems. 

1848— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 39 Whigs 
Dems. 

1849— Senate, 10 Whigs; 9 Dems. House, 33 Whigs 
Dems. 

1850— Senate, 9 Whigs; 11 Dems, House, 25 Whigs 
Dems. 

1851— Senate, 10 Whigs; 10 Dems. House, 28 Whigs 
Dems. 



1852— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. House, 45 Dems. 
Whigs. 

1853— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. House, 39 Dems. 
Whigs. 

1854— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs, House, 40 Dems. 

Whigs. 

1855— Senate, 10 Dems.; 9 Whigs; 1 Native American. 
House, 29 Dems.; 25 Whigs; 6 Native American. 

1856— Senate, 11 Dems.; 5 Whigs; 4 Native American. 
House, 30 Dems.; 14 Whigs; 1 Ind. Dem. ; 15 Native Amer- 
ican. 

1857— Senate, 11 Dems.; 6 Whigs; 3 Know Nothings. 
House, 38 Dems.; combined opposition, 22. 
1858— Both Houses Democratic, 
1859— Senate, Democratic. House, Opposition. 

1860— Senate. Democratic. House, 30 Dems.; 28 Reps.; 2 
American. 

1861- Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1862— Senate, Democrats and Republicans, tie; Independ- 
ent, 1. House. Democratic, Democratic majority on joint 
ballot, 3. 



144 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



1863-64— Both Houses Democratic. 

1865— Senate, Democratic. House, a tie. 

1866-67— Both Houses Republican. 

1868-69-70— Both Houses Democratic. 

1871-72-73— Both Houses Republican. 

1874— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. Ho.use, 32 
Republicans; 28 Democrats. 

1S75— Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats. House, 41 
Democrats; 19 Republicans. 

1876— Both Houses Republican. 

1877— Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. House, a 
tie. 

1878— Both House Democratic. 

1879-80-81— Both Houses Republican. 

1882 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1883— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Dejnocrats. House, 35 
Democrats; 25 Republicans. 

1884— Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1885 — ]3oth Houses Republican. 

1886— Both Houses Republican. 

1887— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 32 
Democrats. 26 Republicans; 2 Labor Democrats. 

1888— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 37 
Republicans; 23 Democrats. 

1889— Senate. 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. House, 32 
Democrats; 28 Republicans. 

1890— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats. House, 37 
Democrats; 23 Republicans. 

1891— Senate, 14 Democrats; 7 Republicans. House, 40 
Democrats; 20 Republicans. 

1892— Senate, 16 Democrats; 5 Republicans. House, 42 
Democrats; 18 Republicans. 

1893— Senate, 16 Democrats; 5 Republicans. House, 39 
Democrats: 21 Republicans. 

1894— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats. House, 39 
Republicans; 20 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1895— Senate, 16 Republicans; 5 Democrats. House, 54 
Republicans; 6 Democrats. 

1896— Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats. House, 43 
Republicans; 16 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1897— Senate,' 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats. House, 56 
Republicans; 4 Democrats. 

1898-99— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 37 
Republicans; 23 Democrats. 

1900— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 43 
Republicans: 16 Democrats; 1 vacancy. 

1901— Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats. House, 4o 
Republicans; 15 Democrats. 

1902— Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats. House, 46 
Republicans; 14 Democrats. 

] 903-4— Senate. 14 Repubhcans; 7 Democrats. House, 38 
Republicans; 22 Democrats. D 

1905_Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 46 
Republicans: 14 Democrats. 

1906— Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats. House, 56 
Republicans; 1 Ind. Rep.; 3 Democrats. 

1907_Senate, 15 Republicans; 6 Democrats. House, 31 
Democrats; 29 Republicans. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 145 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF COUNCIL AND 

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF ASSEMBLY. 

(From 1776 to 1844, when the new Constitution was formed.) 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

1776-81— John Stevens, Hunterdon. 
1782 —John Cox, Burlington. 
1783-84— Philemon Dickinson, Hunterdon. 
1785-88— Robert Lettis Hooper, Hunterdon. 
1789-92— Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1793-94 — Thomas Henderson, Monmouth. 
1795 —Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1796-97— James Linn, Somerset. 
1798-1800— George Anderson, Burlington. 
1801-04— John Lambert, Hunterdon. 

1805 —Thomas Little, Monmouth. 

1806 —George Anderson, Burlington. 

1807 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1808 —Ebenezer Seeley, Cumberland. 

1809 —Thomas Ward, Essex. 
1810-11— Charles Clark, Essex. 

1812 —James Schureman, Middlesex. 

1813 —Charles Clark, Essex. 
1814-15— "William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1816-22— Jesse Upson, Morris. 
1823-25— Peter J. Stryker, Somerset. 

1826 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 

1827 —Silas Cook, Morris. 

1828 —Charles Newbold, Burlington. 
1829-30— Edward Condict, Morris. 
1831-32— Elias P. Seeley, Cumberland. 

1833 — Mahlon Dickerson, Morris. 

1834 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

1835 —Charles Sitgreaves, Warren. 

1836 — Jeptha B. Munn, Morris. 
1837-38— Andrew Parsons, Passaic. 
1839-40— Joseph Porter, Gloucester. 

1842 —John Cassedy, Bergen. 

1843 —William Chetwood, Essex. 

1844 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

10 



146 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

SPEAKERS. 

1776-78— John Hart, Hunterdon. 

Second Session 1778— Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1779 —Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1780 — Josiah Hornblower, Essex. 

1781 —John Mehelm, Hunterdon. 
1782-83— Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 
1784 —Daniel Hendrickson, Monmouth. 
1785-86— Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1787 —Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 

1788 —Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1789 —John Beatty, Middlesex. 

1790 —Jonathan Dayton, Essex, 

1791 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1792-94— Silas Condict, Morris. 

1795 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1796 —James H. Imlay, Monmouth. 

1797 —Silas Condict, Morris. 
1798-1800— William Coxe, Burlington. 

1801 —Silas Dickerson, Sussex. 

1802 —William Coxe, Burlington. . 

1803 —Peter Gordon, Hunterdon. 
1804-07— James Cox, Monmouth, 
1808-09— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1810-11— William Kennedy, Sussex. 

1812 —William Pearson, Burlington. 

1813 —Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 
1814-15— Samuel Pennington, Essex. 

1816 —Charles Clark, Essex. 

1817 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1818-22— David Thompson, Jr., Morris. 

1823 —Lucius Q. C. Elmer, Cumberland. 

1824 —David Johnston, Hunterdon. 
1825-26— George K. Drake, Morris. 
1827-28— William B. Ewing, Cumberland. 
1829-31— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 
1832 —John P. Jackson, Essex. 
1833-35— Daniel B. Ryall, Monmouth. 
1836 —Thomas G. Haight, Monmouth 
1837-38— I.iewis Condict, Morris. 

1839 —William Stites, Essex. 
1840-41— John Emley, Burlington. 
1842 —Samuel B. Halsey, Morris. 
1843-44— Joseph Taylor, Cumberland. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 147 



SENATE OFFICERS. 



PRESIDENTS. 



1845-48— John C. Smallwood, Gloucester. 
1849-50— Ephraim Marsh, Morris. 

1851 —Silas D. Canfield, Passaic. 

1852 —John Manners, Hunterdon. 
1853-56— W. C. Alexander, Mercer. 
1857-58— Henry V. Speer, Middlesex. 

1859 — Thomas R. Herring, Bergen. 

1860 — C. L. C. Gift'ord, Essex. 

1861 —Edmund Perry, Hunterdon. 

1862 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1863 —Anthony Reckless, Monmouth. 

1864 —Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 

1865 —Edward W. Scudder, Mercer. 

1866 — James M. Scovel, Camden. 

1867 —Benjamin Buckley, Passaic. 
1868-69— Henry S. Little, Monmouth. 
1870 —Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 
1871-72— Edward Bettle, Camden. 
1873-7&— John W. Taylor, Essex. 

1876 — W. J. Sewell. Camden. 

1877 —Leon Abbett, Hudson. 
187S — G. C. Ludlow, Middlesex. 
1879-80— W. J. Sewell, Camden. 
1881-82— G. A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1883 —J. J. Gardner, Atlantic. 

1884 — B. A. Vail, Union. 

1885 —A. V. Schenck, Middlesex. 

1886 —John W. Griggs, Passaic. 

1887 —Frederick S. Fish, Essex. 

1888 —George H. Large, Hunterdon. 

1889 —George T. Werts, Morris. 

1890 — H. M. Nevius, Monmouth. 
1891-93— Robert Adrain, Middlesex, 

1894 —Maurice A. Rogers, Camden. 

1895 —Edward C. Stokes, Cumberland. 

1896 —Lewis A. Thompson, Somerset; Robert Williams, 

Passaic. 

1897 —Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1898 —Foster M. Voorhees, Union; William H. Skirm (pro 

tern.), Mercer. 

1899 —Charles A. Reed, Somerset. 



148 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1900 —William M. Johnson, Bergen. 

1901 — Mahlon Pitney, Morris. 

1902 — C. Asa Francis, Monmouth. 

1903 —Elijah C. Hutchinson,. Mercer. 

1904 —Edmund W. Wakelee, Bergen. 

1905 — *Josepn Cross. Union; *Wm. J. Bradley, Camden. 

1906 —William J. Bradley, Camden. 



SECRETARIES. 

1845-47— Daniel Dodd, Jr., Essex. 
1848-50— Philip J. Gray, Camden. 
1851 —John Rogers, Burlington. 
1852-53— Samuel A. Allen, Salem. 
1854 — A. R. Throckmorton, Hudson. 
1855-56— A. R. Throckmorton, Monmouth. 
1857-58— A. B. Chamberlain, Hunterdon. 
1859-60— John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1861 —Joseph J. Sleeper, Burlington. 
1862-63— Morris R. Hamilton, Camden. 
1864-65— John H. Meeker, Essex. 
1866-67— Enoch R. Borden, Mercer. 
1868-69— Joseph B. Cornish, Warren. 
1870 —John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1871-74— John F. Babcock, Middlesex. 
1875-76— N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1877-78— C. M. Jemison, Somerset. 
1879 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1880-82— George Wurts, Passaic. 
1883-85— W. A. Stiles, Sussex. 
1886-88— Richard B. Reading, Hunterdon. 

1889 —John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1890 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1891-92— John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. • 

1893 —Samuel C. Thompson, Warren. 

1894 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1895-97— Henry B. Rollinson, Union. 
1898 —George A. Frey, Camden. 
1899-1900— Augustus S. Barber, Jr., Gloucester. 
1901-02-03-04— Walter E. Edge, Atlantic. 
1905-06— Howard L. Tyler, Cunnberland. 



*Joseph Cross resigned on March 30, and he was suc- 
ceeded by William J. Bradley. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 149 

ASSEMBLY OFFICERS. 



SPEAKERS. 

1845 —Isaac Van Wagenen, Essex. 

1846 —Lewis Howell, Cumberland. 
1847-48— John W. C. Evans, Burlington. 

1849 — Edw. W. Whelpley, Morris. 

1850 —John T. Nixon, Cumberland. 

1851 —John H. Phillips, Mercer. 

1852 —John Huyler, Bergen. 

1853-54— John W. Fennimore, Burlington. 

1855 —William Parry, Burlington. 

1856 —Thomas W. Demarest, Bergen. 

1857 — Andrew Butcher, Mercer. 

1858 —Daniel Holsman, Bergen. 

1859 —Edwin Salter, Ocean. 

1860 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1861 — F. H. Teese, Essex. 

1862 —Charles Haight, Monmouth. 

1863 —James T. Crowell, Middlesex. 

1864 —Joseph N. Taylor, Passaic. 

1865 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1866 —John Hill, Morris. 

1867 — G. W. N. Curtis, Camden. 

1868 —Aug. O. Evans, Hudson. 
1869-70— Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1871 —Albert P. Condit, Essex. 

1872 —Nathaniel Niles, Morris. 

1873 —Isaac L. Fisher, Middlesex. 

1874 —Garret A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1875 —George O. Vanderbilt, Mercer. 

1876 —John D. Carscallen, Hudson. 

1877 —Rudolph F. Rabe, Hudson, 

1878 —John Eagan, Union. 

1879 —Schuyler B. Jackson, Essex. 

1880 —Sherman B. Oviatt, Monmouth. 

1881 — Harr-ison Van Duyne, Essex. 

1882 —John T. Dunn. Union. 

1883 —Thomas O'Connor, Essex. 

1884 —A. B. Stoney, Monmouth. 
1885-86— E. A. Armstrong, Camden. 

1887 —William M. Baird, Warren. 

1888 —Samuel D. Dickinson, Hudson. 

1889 —Robert S. Hudspeth, Hudson. 

1890 — W. C. Heppenheimer, Hudson. 



150 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1891-92— James J. Bergen, Somerset. 

1893 —Thomas Flynn, Passaic. 

1894 —John I. Holt,* Passaic; Joseph Cross,* Union. 

1895 —Joseph Cross, Union. 

1896 — Louis T. Derousse, Camden. 

1897 —George W. Macpherson, Mercer. 
1898-99— David O. Watkins, Gloucester. 
1900 —Benjamin F. Jones, Essex. 
1901-02— William J. Bradley, Camden. 
1903 —John G. Horner, Burlington. 
1904-05— John Boyd Avis, Gloucester. 
1906 —Samuel K. Robbins, Burlington. 

CLERKS. 
184E —Alexander D. Cattell, Salem. 
1841 —Adam C. Davis, Hunterdon. 
1847-50— Alex. M. Gumming, Mercer. 
1851-52— David Naar, Essex. 
1853-54— David W. Dellicker, Somerset. 
1855 —Peter D. Vroom, Hudson. 
1856-57— William Darmon, Gloucester. 

1858 —Daniel Blauvelt, Essex. 

1859 —John P. Harker, Camden. 

1860 — D. Blauvelt, Jr., Essex. 
1861-62— Jacob Sharp, Warren. 
1863-64— Levi Scoby, Monmouth. 
1865-66— George B. Cooper, Cumberland. 
1867 —Ed. Jardine, Bergen. 
1868-70— A. M. Johnston, Mercer. 

1871 — A. M. Gumming, Mercer. 

1872-74^Sinnickson Chew, Camden. 

1875 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1876-77— John Y. Foster, Essex. 

1878 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1879-81— C. O. Cooper, Morris. 

1882-83— Arthur Wilson, Monmouth. 

1884 —Henry D. Winton, Bergen. 

1885-86— Samuel Toombs, Essex. 

1887 —Joseph Atkinson, Essex. 

1888 —James P. Logan, Burlington. 
1889-90— John J. Matthews, Union. 
1891-92— Thos. F. Noonan, Jr., Hudson. 

1893 —Leonard Kalisch, Essex. 

1894 —J. Herbert Potts, Hudson. 
1895-97— James Parker, Passaic. 
1898-99— Thomas H. Jones, Essex. 
1900-06— James Parker, Passaic. 



•Speaker Holt resigned on May 26th, and Mr. Cross suc- 
ceeded him. 



STATE CENSUS. 151 

CENSUS OF NEW JERSEY, 1905. 



Population of Neve Jersey by Minor Civil Divisions, 
1905 and 1900. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

1905. 1900. 

Absecon Town 616 530 

Atlantic City 37,593 27,838 

First Ward 7,518 

Second Ward 8,273 

Third Ward 9,600 

Fourth Ward 12,202 

Brigantine City 95 99 

Buena Vista Township 2,624 1,646 

Egg Harbor City 2,280 1,808 

Egg Harbor Township 1,468 1,863 

Galloway Township 1,876 2,469 

Hamilton Township 2,021 1,682 

Hammonton Town 4,334 3,481 

First District 2,017 

Second District 2,317 

Linwood Borough 503 495 

Longport Borough 133 80 

MuUica Township 794 880 

Northneld City 688 

First District 373 

Second District 315 

Pleasantville Borough 2,824 2,182 

Port Republic 451 

First District 215 

Second District 236 

Somers Point Borough 431 308 

First District 215 

Second District 216 

South Atlantic City Borough 

Ventnor City 

Weymouth Township 

59,862 46,402 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

Alpine Borough 448 

Allendale Borough 762 694 

Bergen Township 346 

Bergenflelds Borough ; 1,095 729 

Bogota Borough 522 337 

Carlstadt Borough 3,100 2,574 

First District 1,867 

Second District 1,233 

Cliffslde Park Borough 2,128 9G8 

Closter Borough 1,272 

Cresskill Borough 505 486 

Delford Borough 841 746 

Demarest Borough 480 

Dumont Borough 913 643 

East Rutherford Borough 3,165 2,640 



115 


69 


116 




900 


972 



1-' STATE CENSUS. 

1905. 1900. 

Edge water Borough 1,392 

Englewood City 7,922 6,253 

First Ward 1,900 

Second Ward 1,658 

Third Ward 2,585 

Fourth Ward 1,779 ^ 

Englewood Cliffs Borough 266 218 

Etna Borough 681 

Fairview Borough 1,693 1,003 

Fort Lee Borough 3,433 

Franklin Township 1,566 2,139 

Garfield Borough 5,092 3,504 

Glen Rock Borough 778 613 

Harrington Township 521 3,224 

Harrington Park Borough 283 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough 1,650 1,255 

Haworth Borough 400 

Hillsdale Township 945 891 

Hohokus Township 3,107 2,610 

Leonia Borough ^ 1,041 804 

Little Ferry Borough 1,776 1,240 

Lodi Borough 2,793 1,917 

Lodi Township 1,061 448 

Maywood Borough 687 536 

Midland Township 1,465 1,298 

Midland Park Borough 1,617 1,348 

Montvale Borough 502 416 

New Barbadoes Township coextensive 

with Hackensack Town 11,098 9,443 

First Ward 2,810 

Second Ward 2,697 

Third Ward 2,451 

Fourth Ward 2,078 

Fifth Ward 1,062 

North Arlington Borough 408 290 

Norwood Borough 432 

Oakland Borough 586 

Old Tappan Borough 280 269 

Orvil Township 752 1,207 

Orvil Borough 443 

Overpeck Township 2,850 1,987 

Palisades Township 1,042 860 

Palisades Park Borough 911 644 

Park Ridge Borough 1,189 870 

Ridgefield Borough 745. 584 

Ridgewoood Township coextensive with 

Ridgewood Village ^ 3,980 3,298 

Riverside Borough 670 561 

Ridgefield Township 2,612 

Rutherford Borough 5,218 4,411 

First District 2,538 

Second District 2,680 

Saddle River Borough 474 415 

Saddle River Township 2,048 1,954 

Teaneck Township •.... 1,222 768 

Tenafly Borough 2,142 1,746 

Undercliff' Borough 1,006 

Union Township 2,188 1,590 

Upper Saddle River Borough 324 326 



1905. 


1900. 


2,475 


1,812 


382 


782 


1,044 


828 


477 


329 


721 


582 



STATE CENSUS. 153 



Wallington Borough 

Washington Township 

Westwood Borougli 

Woodcliff Borough 

Woodridge Borough 

100,003 78,441 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

Bass River Township 728 800 

Beverly City 2,258 1,950 

Beverly Township 2,181 1,804 

Bordentown City 4,073 4,110 

First District ^ 1,675 

Second District 1,551 

Third District 847 

Bordentown Township 534 488 

BurUngton City 8,038 7,392 

First Ward 1,706 

Second Ward 2,487 

Third Ward 2,099 

Fourth Ward 1,748 

Burlington Township 1,012 1,061 

Chester Township 4,849 4,420 

East District 2,117 

West District 2,732 

Chesterfield Township 1,141 1,143 

Cinnaminson Township 1,064 1,078 

Delran Township 1,340 890 

Easthampton Township 587 584 

Evesham Township 1,356 1,429 

Fleldsboro Borough 457 459 

Florence Township 1,967 1,955 

Lumberton Township 1,683 1,624 

Mansfield Township 1,493 1,518 

Medford Township 2,030 1,969 

Mount Laurel Township 1,671 1,644 

New Hanover Township 960 1,827 

North Hanover Township 747 

Northampton Township 5,509 5,168 

First District '. 1,854 

Second District 1,553 

Third District 2,102 

Palmyra Township 

Pemberton Borough 

Pemberton Township 

Riverside Township 

Riverton Borough 

Shamong Township 

Southampton Township 

Springfield Township 

Tabernacle 

Washington Township 

Westhampton Township 

Willingboro Township 

Woodland Township 

62,042 58,241 



2,643 


2,300 


821 


771 


1,706 


1,493 


3,301 


2,581 


1,557 


1,332 


508 


910 


1,860 


1,904 


1,323 


1,382 


462 




568 


617 


544 


567 


658 


673 


413 


398 



354 STATE CENSUS. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

1905. 1900. 

Audubon Borough 525 

Camden City 83,363 75,935 

First Ward 8,472 

Second Ward 7,439 

Third Ward 4,865 

Fourth Ward 4,951 

Fifth Ward 7,448 

Sixth Ward 8,124 

Seventh Ward 11,161 

Eighth Ward 7,530 

Ninth Ward 7,157 

Tenth Ward 6,107 

Eleventh Ward 4,732 

Twelfth Ward 5,377 

Center Township 2,651 2,192 

Chesilhurst Borough 258 283 

Clementon Township 2,257 

Collingswood Borough 2,538 1,633 

Delaware Township 1,470 1,679 

Gloucester City 8,055 6,840 

First Ward 3,260 

Second Ward 4,795 

Gloucester Township 2,300 4,018 

Haddon Township 1,009 2.012 

Haddon Heights Borough 654 

Haddonfield Borough 3,466 2,776 

Merchantville Borough 1,632 1,608 

Oaklyn Borough 454 

Pensauken Township 3,957 3,145 

First District 2,427 

Second District 1,530 

Voorhees Township 1,009 969 

Waterford Township 2,713 2,161 

Winslow Township "2,856 2,392 

Woodlynne Borough 388 

121,555 107,643 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

Anglesea Borough 400 161 

Avalon Borough 86 93 

Cape May Point Borough 153 

Cape May City 3,006 2,257 

Dennis Township 1,777 2,778 

Holly Beach Borough 1,327 569 

Lower Township 1,336 1,141 

Middle Township 2,584 2,191 

Ocean City 1,835 1,307 

First Ward 950 

Second Ward 885 

Sea Isle City Borough 432 340 

South Cape May Borough 5 14 

Upper Township 1,350 1,351 

West Cape May Borough 902 696 

Wildwood Borough 500 150 

Woodbine Borough 1,850 

17,390 13,201 



STATE CENSUS. 155 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

1905. 1900. 

BriJgeton City 13,624 13.913 

First Ward 2,402 

Second Ward 2,933 

Third Ward 3,420 

Fourth Ward 3,074 

Fifth Ward 1,795 

Commercial Township 2,476 2,982 

Deerfield Township 3,212 3,066 

Downs Township 1,664 1,833 

Fairfield Township 1,625 1,911 

Greenwich Township 1,122 1,283 

Hopewell Township 1,840 1,807 

Landis Township 5,351 4,721 

Lawrence Township 1,730 1,658 

Maurice River Township 2,134 2,132 

Millville City 11,884 . 10,583 

First Ward 3,737 

Second Ward 2,123 

Third Ward 3.391 

Fourth Ward 2,633 

Stowe Creek Township 855 934 

Vlneland Borough 4,593 4,370 

52,110 51.193 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

Belleville Town 7,632 5,907 

Bloomfield Town 11,668 9,668 

First Ward 4,irnJ 

Second Ward 3,278 

Third Ward 4,017 

Caldwell Borough 1,670 1,367 

Caldwell Township 1,644 1,619 

East Orange City 25,175 21,506 

First Ward 3,605 

Second Ward : 5,054 

Third Ward 5,722 

Fourth Ward 4,112 

Fifth Ward •. 6,682 

Essex Fells Borough 393 

Glen Ridge Borough 2,362 1,960 

Irvington Town :.... 7,180 5,255 

First Ward 2,048 

Second Ward 2,520 

Third Ward 2,612 

Livingston Township 1,407 1,412 

Milburn Township 3,182 2,837 

Montclair Town 16,370 13,962 

First Ward 4,976 

Second Ward 4,100 

Third Ward 3,704 

Fourth Ward 3,590 

Newark City 283,289 246,070 

First Ward 12,831 

Second Ward 13,647 

Third Ward 22,959 

Fourth Ward 11,455 

Fifth Ward 15,321 

Sixth Ward 25,760 





1,325 




2,779 


483 


297 


4,556 


3,682 



156 STATE CENSUS. 

1905. 1900. 

Seventh Ward 13,897 

Eighth Ward 15,307 

Ninth Ward 14,863 

Tenth Ward N 20.829 

Eleventh Ward 21,518 

Twelfth Ward 17,853 

Thirteenth Ward 29,390 

Fourteenth Ward 29,422 

Fifteenth Ward 18,237 

Clinton Tvs'p. (now part of Newark) 

Vailsburg (now part of Newark) 

North Caldwell Borough 

Nutley Town (formerly Franklin Twp)... 

First Ward 1,384 

Second Ward 1,587 

Third Ward 1,585 

Orange City 26,101 24,141 

First Ward 6,685 

Second Ward 4,196 

Third Ward 5,658 

Fourth Ward ' 6,171 

Fifth Ward 3,391 

South Orange Township 

South Orange Village 

First District 2,493 

Second District 2,439 

Verona Township 

West Caldwell Borough 

West Orange Town 

GI^OUCESTER COUNTY. 

Clayton Borough 

Clayton Township 

Deptf ord Township 

East Greenwich Township 

Elk Township 

Franklin Township 

Glassboro Township 

First District 1,422 

Second District 1,185 

Greenwich Township 

Harrison Township- 

Logan Township 

Mantua Township 

Monroe Township 

National Park Borough 

Paulsboro Borough 

Pitman Borough 

South Harrison Township 

Swedesboro Borough 

Washington Township 

AVenonah Borough 

West Deptf ord Township 

Woodbury City 

First Ward 1,101 

Second Ward 2,051 

Third Ward 1,408 

Woolwich Township 1.138 2,291 

34,477 31,905 



1,946 


1.630 


4,932 


4.608 


2,576 


2,139 


490 




7,872 


6,889 


409,928 


359,053 


1,864 


1,951 




38 


2,234 


2,114 


1,299 


1,323 


939 


997 


2,197 


2,252 


2,607 


2,677 


754 


2,252 


1,624 


1,569 


1,528 


1,444 


1,471 


2,101 


2,519 


2,402 


160 




2,269 




1,018 




680 


706 


1,484 




1,336 


1,252 


569 


498 


2,227 


1,951 


4,560 


4,087 



STATE CENSUS. 157 

HUDSON COUNTY. 

1905. 1900. 

Bayonne City 42,262 32,722 

First Ward 6,955 

Second Ward 15,763 

Third Ward 8,713 

Fourth Ward 3,479 

Fifth Ward 7,352 

East Newarii Borough 2,828 2,500 

Guttenberg- Town 4,563 3,825 

Harrison Town 12,823 10,596 

First Ward 2,687 

Second Ward 1,409 

Third Ward 3,454 

Fourth Ward 5,273 

Hoboken City 65,468 59,364 

First Ward 10,979 

Second Ward 8,736 

Third Ward 17,405 

Fourth Ward 15,814 

Fifth Ward 12,534 

Jersey City 232,699 206,433 

First Wafd 21,359 

Second Ward 20,223 

Third Ward 18,039 

Fourth Ward 14,736 

Fifth Ward 16,625 

Sixth Ward 17,071 

Seventh Ward 16,988 

Eighth Ward 23,691 

Ninth Ward 17,428 

Tenth Ward 17,517 

Eleventh Ward 25,570 

Twelfth Ward 23,452 

Kearny Town 13,601 10,896 

First Ward 3,974 

Second Ward 3,455 

Third Ward 3,017 

Fourth Ward 3,155 

North Bergen Township 11,134 9,213 

Secaucus Borough 3,191 li626 

Union Town 17,005 15,187 

First Ward ...." 5,198 

Second Ward 4,871 

Third Ward 6,936 

Weehawken Township 8,027 5,325 

West Hoboken Town 29,082 23,094 

First Ward 9,121 

Second Ward 10 412 

Third Ward 9,542 

West New York Town 7,196 5 267 

First Ward 2,013 

Second Ward 1.963 

Third Ward 3,220 



449,879 386,048 



158 STATE CENSUS. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

1905. 1900. 

Alexandria Township 1,007 1,045 

Bethlehem Township 1,594 1,634 

Clinton Borough 830 816 

Clinton Township 2,026 2,296 

Delaware Township 1,926 1,953 

East Amwell Township 1,256 1,327 

Franklin Township 1,105 1,258 

Frenchtown Borough 975 1,020 

High Bridge Borough 1,382 1,377 

Holland Township 1,528 1,652 

Junction Borough 974 998 

Kingwood Township 1,188 1,304 

Lambertville City 5,016 4,637 

First Ward 1,457 

Second Ward 1,464 

Third Ward 2,095 

Lebanon Township 1,983 2,253 

East District 1,006 

West District 977 

Raritan Township 3,861 4,037 

Readington Township 2,423 2,670 

North District 1,386 

South District 1,037 

Stockton Borough 588 590 

Tewksbury Township 1,815 1,883 

West District 928 . 

East District 887 

Union Township 923 918 

West Amwell Township 858 839 

33,258 34,507 

MERCER COUNTY. 

East Windsor Township 863 894 

Ewing Township 1,560 1,333 

Hamilton Township 5,150 4,164 

North District 1,673 

South District 1,718 

West District 1,759 

Hightstown Borough 2,083 1,749 

Hopewell Borough 984 980 

Hopewell Township 3,209 3,360 

West District 1,061 

South District 1,108 

Central District 1,040 

Lawrence Township 2,043 1,555 

Pennington Borough 768 733 

Princeton Borough 6,029 3,899 

Princeton Township 1,144 955 

Trenton City 84,180 73,307 

First Ward 5,625 

Second Ward 4,419 

Third Ward 5,932 

Fourth Ward 8,966 

Fifth Ward 10,038 

Sixth Ward 3,610 

Seventh Ward 5,040 



STATE CENSUS. 159 

1905. 1900. 

Eighth Ward 4,459 

Ninth Ward 7,599 

Tenth Ward 7,321 

Eleventh Ward 8,837 

TM-elfth Ward 3,663 

Thirteenth Ward 5,708 

Fourteenth Ward 2,963 

Washington Township 1,173 1,157 

West Windsor Township 1,320 1,279 



110,516 95,365 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 



Cranbury Township 1,465 1,428 

Dunellen Borough 1,517 1,239 

East Brunswick Township 2,025 2,423 

First District 1,098 

Second District 927 

Helmetta Borough 575 447 

Highland Park Borough 714 

Jamesburg Borough 1,350 1,063 

Madison Township 1,582 1,671 

Metuchen Borough 1,907 1,786 

Milltown Borough 1,210 561 

Monroe Township 2,023 1,899 

New Brunswick Township coextensive 
with New Brunswick City 23,133 20,006 

First Ward 4,082 

Second Ward 3,738 

Third Ward 3,719 

Fourth Ward 3,649 

Fifth Ward 4,408 

Sixth Ward 3,537 

North Brunswick Township 929 * 847 

Perth Amboy Township coextensive with 
Perth Amboy City 25,895 17,699 

First Ward 3,138 

Second Ward 2,633 

Third Ward 3,813 

Fourth Ward 5,570 

Fifth Ward 4,364 

Sixth Ward 6,377 

Piscataway Township 2,767 2.628 

Raritan Township 2.612 2,801 

Sayreville Township 4,779 4,155 

South Amtoy Township coextensive with 
South Amboy Borough 6,258 6,349 

First Ward 2,272 

Second Ward 1,938 

Third Ward 2,048 

South Brunswick Township 2,489 2,337 

South River Borough 3,585 2,792 

Woodbridge Township 10,221 7,631 

First District 2,478 

Second District 3,210 

Third District 4,533 

97,036 79,762 



160 STATE CENSUS. 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

1905. 1900. 

Allenhurst Borough 247 165 

Allentown Borough 653 695 

Asbury Park City 4,526 4,148 

First AVard 2,006 

Second Ward 2,520 

Atlantic Township 1,355 1,410 

Atlantic Highlands Borough 1,480 1,383 

Avon Borough 322 

Belmar Borough 1,089 902 

Bradley Beach Borough 1,037 982 

Deal Borough 164 70 

Eatontown Township .'. 2,874 3,021 

Englishtown Borough 416 410 

Farmingdale Borough 399 

Freehold Town 3,064 2,934 

Freehold Township 2,474 2,234 

Highlands Borough 1,275 1,228 

Holmdel Township 1,221 1,190 

Howell Township 2,585 3,103 

Keyport Town ..^ 3,385 3,413 

Long Branch Town 12,183 8,872 

First Ward 1,503 

Second Ward 2,625 

Third Ward 2,022 

Fourth Ward 2,398 

Fifth Ward 1,860 

Sixth Ward 1,775 

Manalapan Township 1,392 1,435 

Manasquan Borough 1,636 1,500 

Marlboro Township 1,664 1,747 

Matawan Borough 1,479 1,511 

Mataw^n Township 1,365 1,310 

Middletown Township 5,600 5,479 

Millstone Township 1,432 1,509 

Neptune Township 9,357 7,943 

First District 1,973 

Second District 2,100 

Third District 2,484 

Fourth District 2,800 

Neptune City Borough 808 1,009 

Ocean Township 1,574 4,251 

Raritan Township 1,473 1,524 

Red Bank Town 6,263 • 5,428 

Middle Division 2,190 

Western Division 2.367 

West Red Bank 1,706 

Seabright Borough 1,166 1,198 

Shrewsbury Township 5,402 3,842 

East District 3,332 

South District 2,070 

Spring Lake Borough 1,039 526 

North Spring Lake Borough (now part of 

Spring Lake) 361 

Upper Freehold Township 2,002 2,112 

Wall Township 3,518 3,212 

First District 2,012 

Second District 1,506 

87,919 82,057 



STATE CENSUS. 161 

MORRIS COUNTY 

1905. 1900. 

Boonton Township 343 809 

East District 26 

West District 317 

Boonton Town 3,935 3,901 

East District 1,884 

West District 2,051 

Butler Borough 2,188 

Chatham Boroug-h 1,554 1,361 

Chatham Township 629 620 

Chester Towmship 1,378 1,409 

Dover Township 6,353 5,9.38 

Florham Park Borough 803 752 

Hanover Township 5,294 5,366 

North District 821 

South District 2,939 

West District 1,534 

Jefferson Township 1,259 1,341 

First District 713 

Second District 546 

Madison Borough 4,115 3,754 

Mendham Township 1,724 1,600 

Morris Township 2,650 2,571 

Morristown Town 12,146 11,267 

First Ward 3,467 

Second Ward 3,515 

Third Ward 2,742 

Fourth W^ard 2,422 

Mt. Arhngton Borough 

Mt. Olive Township 

Montville Township 

Netcong Borough 

Passaic Township 

North District 990 

South District 1,173 

Pequanac Township 

Randolph Township 

Rockaway Borough 

Rockaway Township 

North District 2,364 

South District 969 

West District 1,820 

Roxbury Township 

Washington Township 

Wharton Borough (formerly Port Oram) 

67,934 65,156 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

Barnegat City 78 

Bay Head Borough 278 247 

Beach Haven Borough 301 239 

Berkeley Township 558 694 

Brick Township 2,122 2,130 

East District 1,294 

West District 828 

Dover Township 2,869 2,618 

Eagleswood Township 534 563 

Harvey Cedars Borough 46 39 

Island Heights Borough 250 316 

11 



250 
1,098 
1,6.50 
1,024 
2,163 


275 
1,221 
1,908 

941 
2,141 


1,674 
2.327 
1,585 
5,153 


3,250 
2,246 
1,483 
4,528 


2,323 
2,021 
2,285 


2,185 
2,220 
2,069 



162 STATE CENSUS. 

1905. 1900. 

Jackson Township 1,534 1,595 

Lacey Township 653 718 

Lakewood Township 4,265 3,094 

First District 2,436 

Second District 1,829 

Lavalette City 22 21 

Little Eg-g Harbor Township 517 1,856 

Long- Beacli Township 73 152 

Manchester Township 785 1,033 

Ocean Township 409 436 

Plumstead Township 1,241 1,204 

Point Pleasant Beach Borough 978 746 

Seaside Park Borough - 92 73 

Stafford Township •• 994 1,009 

Surf City Borough 36 9 

Tuckerton Boroug-h 1,332 

Union Township 913 955 

20,880 19,747 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

Acquackanonk Township 7,187 5,351 

First District 4,636 

Second District 1,464 

Third District 1,087 

Hawthorne Borough 2,570 2,096 

Little Falls Township 3,079 2,908 

Manchester Township 2,277 3,989 

North Haledon Borough 697 

Passaic City 37,837 27,777 

First Ward 15,464 

Second Ward 4,798 

Third Ward 4,952 

Fourth Ward 12,623 

Paterson City 111,529 10o,171 

First Ward 11,835 

Second Ward 15,707 

Third Ward 12,520 

Fourth Ward 14,606 

Fifth Ward 7,436 

Sixth Ward 4,194 

Seventh Ward 6,940 

Eighth Ward 8,455 

Ninth Ward 12,126 

Tenth Ward 9,887 

Eleventh Ward 7,826 

Pompton Township 2,981 2,404 

Pompton Lakes Borough 1,013 847 

Prospect Park Borough 1,911 

Toto wa Borough 738 562 

Wayne Township 2,017 1,985 

West Milford Township 2,022 2,112 

175,858 155,202 



STATE CENSUS. 163 

SALEM COUNTY. 



Alloway Township 

Elmer Borough 

Elsinboro Township 

Lower Alio ways Creek Township 

Lower Penns Neck Township 

Manninglon Township 

Oldmans Township 

PennsgTove Borough 

Pilesgrove Township 

Pittsgrove Township 

Quinton Township 

Salem City 

East Ward 3,555 

West Ward 2,888 

Upper Penns Neck Township 

Upper Pittsgrove Township 

Woodstown Borough ■ 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 



1905. 


1900. 


1,562 


1,528 


1,219 


1,140 


398 


445 


1,220 


1,242 


1,327 


1,424 


1,652 


1,745 


1,374 


1,382 


2,062 


1,826 


1,726 


1,744 


2,154 


2,092 


1,135 


1,280 


6,443 


5,811 


793 


775 


1,722 


1,725 


1,500 


1,371 


26,278 


25,530 


2,246 


1,925 


4,514 


3,066 


979 


1,012 



Bedminster Township 

Bernards Township 

Branchburg Township 

Bridgewater Township (exclusive of 
Bound Brook Borough 9,896 9,688 

Somerville 4,782 4,843 

Raritan 3,954 3,244 

Martinsville 435 

Portion of TownshiD 725 1,601 

Bound Brook Borough 3,389 2,622 

Franklin Township ' 3,577 3,728 

South Bound Brook 939 883 

East Millstone 333 447 

Portion of Townshio 2,-305 2,398 

Hillsboro Township 2,247 2,439 

Millstone Borough 156 ^00 

Montgomery Township 1,504 l,^o 

North Plainfield Borough 5,616 5,009 

First District 2,608 

Second District 3,008 

North Plainfield Township 693 b54 

Rocky Hill Borough 479 3o4 

Warren Township 974 l.»»« 

. 36,270 32.948 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 

Andover Borough 427 

Andover Township 478 W 

Branchville Borough 591 ^j!^ 

Byram Township •. 426 l,^3o 

Frankf ord Township »y^ ^^^ 

Fredon Township 462 

Green Township 500 bit 

Hopatcong Borough (formerly Brooklyn) 125 ib 

Hampton Township 623 no 

Hardyston Township 3,434 d,4Zb 

Lafayette Township 619 ai 

Montague Township 6bl nu 

Newton Town •••••• 4.422 4,d^b 



164 STATE CENSUS. 

1905. 1900. 

Sandyston Township 872 939 

Stanhope Borough 887 

Sparta Township 1,613 2,070 

Stillwater Township 815 1,108 

Sussex Borough (formerly Deckertown).. 1,318 1,306 

Vernon Township 1,649 1,738- 

Walpack Township 325 371 

Wantage Township 2,080 2,217 

23,325 24,134 

UNION COUNTY. 

Clark Township 387 374 

Cranford Township 3,600 2,854 

First District 1,696 

Second District 1,904 

Elizabeth City 60,509 52,130 

First Ward 6,563 

Second Ward 4,617 

Third Ward 7,937 

Fourth Ward 4,264 

Fifth Ward 5,591 

Sixth Ward 4,444 

Seventh Ward 5,359 

Eighth Ward 4,872 

Ninth Ward 4,348 

Tenth Ward 3,718 

Eleventh Ward 4,003 

Twelfth Ward 4,793 

Fanwood Borough 445 399 

Fanwood Township 1,341 1,200 

Garwood Borough 564 

Linden Borough 403 402 

Linden Township 1,096 619 

Mountainside Borough 314 367 

New Providence Borough 754 565 

New Providence Township 456 469 

Plainfield City 18,468 15,369 

First Ward 3,566 

Second Ward 4,291 

Third Ward 3,695 

Fourth Ward 6,926 

Rahway City 8,649 7,935 

First Ward 1,856 

Second Ward 1,701 

Third Ward 2,010 

Fourth Ward 1,952 

Fifth Ward 1,130 

Roselle Borough 2,142 1,652 

Roselle Park Borough 2,236 

Springfield Township 1,123 1,073 

Summit City 6,845 5,302 

First Ward 3,439 

Second Ward 3,406 

Union Township 2,614 4,315 

Westfield Town 5,265 4.328 

First Ward 1,769 

Second Ward :. 743 

Third Ward 1,444 

Fourth Ward 1,309 

117,211 99.353 



STATE CENSUS. 



165 



WARREN COUNTY. 

1905. 1900. 

Allamuchy Township 571 588 

Belvidere Town 1,869 1,784 

Blairstown Township 1,537 1,576 

Frankhn Township 1,309 1,280 

Frelinghuysen Township 728 797 

Greenwich Township 854 909 

Hackettstown Town 2,594 2,474 

Hardwick Township .370 400 

Harmony Township 1,086 1,080 

Hope Township 1,025 1,144 

Independence Township 8.35 805 

Knowlton Township 1,222 1,210 

Lopatcong Township 695 1,962 

Mansfield Townshio •. 1,2.34 1,324 

Oxford Township *. 2,964 3,095 

First District 1,364 

Second District 1,600 

Pahaquarry Township 230 257 

Phillipsburg Town 13,352 10,052 

First Ward 2,664 

Second Ward 2,411 

Third Ward 2,185 

Fourth Ward 1,912 

Fifth Ward 2,244 

Sixth Ward 1,9.36 

Pohatcong- Township 3,408 2,215 

Washington Borough 3,431 3,580 

Washington Township 1,089 1,249 

40,403 37,781 



Population by Counties. 



Atlantic ... 

Bergen 

Burlington 
Camden ... 
Cape May . 
Cumberland 

Essex 

Gloucester 

Hudson 

Hunterdon 

Mercer 

Middlesex ., 
Monmouth 

Morris 

Ocean 

Passaic 

Salem 

Somerset ... 

Sussex 

Union , 

Warren 



1905 
59,862 

100,003 
62,042 

121,555 
17,390 
52,110 

409,928 
34,477 

449,879 
33,258 

110,516 
97,036 
87,919 
67,934 
20,880 

175,858 
26,278 
36,270 
23,325 

117,211 
40,403 



1900. 
46,402 
78,441 
58,241 

107,643 
13.201 
51,193 

359,053 
31,905 

386,048 
34,507 
95,365 
79,762 
82,057 
65,156 
19,747 

155,202 
25,530 
32,948 
24,134 
99,353 
37,781 



Increase. 
13,460 
21,562 

3.801 
13,912 

4,189 

917 

50,875 

2,572 
63,831 
*1,249 
15,151 
17,274 

5,862 

2,778 

1,133 

20,656 

757 

3,322 

*809 

17,858 

2,622 



"Decrease. 

Net increase. 260.474. 



2,144,134 1,883,669 



M 



STATE CENSUS. 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES, 
SINCE 1790. 



1790. 1800. 1810. 1820. 1830. 1840. 



Atlantic 

Berg-en 12601 

Burlington 18095 

Camden 

Cape May 2571 

Cumberland 8248 

Essex 17785 

Gloucester 18363 

Hudson 

Hunterdon 20253 

Mercer 

Middlesex 15956 

Monmouth 16918 

Morris 16216 

Ocean 

Passaic 

Salem 10437 

Somerset 12296 

Sussex . . . .■ 19500 

Union '. . 

Warren 



15156 
21521 



16603 
24979 



18178 
28822 



22414 
31107 



8726 
13190 
32809 



3066 


3632 


4265 


4945 


5324 


9529 


12670 


12668 


14091 


14322 


22269 


25894 


30793 


41928 


44512 


16115 


19744 


23089 


28431 


25509 
9451 


2i26i 


24553 


28604 


31066 


24661 
21498 


17890 


20381 


21470 


23157 


21873 


19872 


22150 


25038 


29233 


32912 


17750 


21828 


21368 


23580 


25777 



16704 

11371 12761 14022 14155 16012 

12815 14728 16506 17689 17457 

22534 25549 32752 20349 27773 



18634 20342 



Total .184239 211149 245562 277575 320779 372859 

1850. 1860. 1870. 1880. 1890. 1900. 1905. 



Atlantic 8964 

Berg-en 14708 

Burling-ton ... 43204 

Camden 25569 

Cape Mav ri432 

Cumberland .. 17003 

Essex 73995 

Gloucester ... 14653 

Hudson 21874 

Hunterdon ... 20064 

Mercer 27991 

Middlesex ... 28671 
Monmouth ... 30234 

Morris 30173 

Ocean 10043 

I'assaic 22577 

Salem 19500 

Somerset 19668 

Sussex 22990 

Union 

Warren 22390 



11835 
21618 
49370 
34457 
7130 
22605 
98875 
18444 
62717 
33654 
37411 
34810 
39345 
34679 
11176 
29013 
22458 
22057 
23845 
27780 
28834 



14163 
31033 
53774 
46206 
8529 
34688 

143907 
21727 

129288 
36961 
46470 
45057 
46316 
43161 
12658 
46468 
23951 
23514 
23168 
41891 
34419 



18704 
36786 
55402 
62942 
9768 
37687 

189929 
25886 

187994 
38570 
58061 
522S6 
55538 
50861 
14455 
68860 
24579 
27162 
23539 
55571 
36589 



28836 
47226 
58528 
87687 
11268 
45438 

250698 
28649 

275126 
35355 
79978 
61754 
69128 
54101 
15974 

105046 
25151 
28311 
22259 
72467 
36553 



46402 
78441 
58241 

107643 
13201 
51193 

359053 
31905 

386048 
34507 
95365 
79762 
82057 
6515G 
19747 

155202 
25530 
32948 
24134 
99353 
37781 



' 59862 

100003 
62042 

121555 
17390 
52110 

409928 
34477 

449879 
33258 

110516 
97036 
87319 
67934 
20880 

175858 
26278 
36270 
23325 

117211 
40403 



Total 489703 672073 907149 1131116 1444933 1883669 2144134 



STATE CENSUS. 167 

Population of the Incorporated Cities, Towns, Villages 
and Boroughs of NeTV Jersey. 

1905. 1900. 1890. 

Absecon town 616 530 501 

Allendale borough 762 694 

Allenhurst borough 247 165 

Allentown borough 653 695 

Alpine borough 448 

Andover borough 427 

Anglesea borough 400 161 161 

Asbury Park city 4,526 4,148 ... 

Atlantic City 37,593 27,838 13,055 

Atlantic Highlands borough .... 1,480 1.383 945 

Audubon borough 525 

Avon borough 322 

Avalon borough 86 93 

Barnegat city 78 

Bay Head borough 278 247 

Bayonne city 42,262 32,722 19,033 

Beach Haven borough 301 239 

Belmar borough 1,089 902 

Belleville town 7,632 5,907 3,487 

Belvidere town 1,869 1,784 1,768 

Bergenfields borough 1,095 729 

Beverlv city 2,258 1,950 1,957 

Bloomfield town 11,668 9,668 7,708 

Bogota borough 522 337 

Boonton town 3,935 3,901 2,981 

Bordentown city 4,073 4,110 4,232 

Bound Brook borough 3,389 2,622 1,462 

Bradley Beach borough 1,037 982 

Branchville borough 591 526 

Bridgeton- city 13,624 13,913 11,424 

Brigantine city 95 99 

Burlington city 8,038 7,392 7,264 

Butler borough 2,188 

Caldwell borough 1,670 1,367 

Camden city 83,363 75,935 58,313 

Cape May city 3,006 2,257 2,136 

CarLstadt borough 3.100 2,574 1,549 

Chatham borough 1,554 1,363 780 

Chesilhurst borough 258 283 

Clayton borough 1,864 1,951 1.807 

Cliffside Park borough 2,128 968 

Clinton borough 830 816 913 

Closter borough 1,272 

Collingswood borough 2,538 1,633 539 

Creskill borough 505 486 527 

Deal borough 164 70 

Delford borough 841 746 

Demarest borough 480 

Dover town 6,353 5,938 

Dumont borough ,...- 913 643 

Dunellen borough 1,517 1,239 1,060 

East Millstone 333 447 

East Newark borough 2,828 2,500 

East Orange city 25,175 21.506 13,282 

East Rutherford borough 3.165 2.640 1,438 



168 



STATE CENSUS 



1905. 

Edgewater borough 1,392 

Egg Harbor city 2,280 

Elizabeth city 60,509 

Elmer borough 1,219 

Englewood city 7,922 

Englewood Cliffs borough 266 

Englishtown borough 416 

Essex Fells borough 393 

Etna borough 681 

Fairview borough 1,693 

Fanwood borough 445 

Farmingdale borough 399 

Fieldsboro borough 457 

Florham Park borough 803 

Fort Lee borough 3,433 

Freehold town 3,064 

Frenchtown borough 975 

Garfield borough 5,092 

Garwood borough 564 

Glen Rock borough 778 

Glen Ridge borough 2,362 

Gloucester city 8,055 

Guttenberg town 4,563 

Hackensack town 11,098 

Hackettstown town 2,594 

Haddonfield borough 3,466 

Haddon Heights borough 654 

Hammonton town '. 4,334 

Harrington Park borough 283 

Harrison town 12,823 

Harvey Cedars borough 46 

Hasbrouck Heights borough 1,650 

Haworth borough 400 

Hawthorne borough 2,570 

Helmetta borough 575 

High Bridge borough 1,382 

Highlands borough 1,275 

Highland Park borough 714 

Hightstown borough 2,083 

Hoboken city 65,468 

Holly Beach borough 1,327 

Hopewell borough 984 

Hopatcong borough (formerly 

Brooklyn) 125 

Irvington town 7,180 

Island Heights borough 250 

Jamesburg borough 1,350 

Jersey City 232,699 

Junction borough 974 

Kearny town 13,601 

Keyport town 3,385 

Lambertville city 5,016 

Lavalette city 22 

Leonia borough 1,041 

Linden borough 403 

Linwood borough 503 

Little Ferry borough 1,776 

Lodi borough 2,793 

Long Branch town 12,183 



1900. 



1890. 



1,808 


1,439 


52,130 


37,764 


1,140 


842 


6,253 




218 




410 


444 


1,003 


... 


399 


... 


459 


• . • 


752 


... 


2,934 


2,932 


1,020 


1,023 


3,504 


1,028 


613 




1,960 




6,840 


6,564 


3,825 


1,947 


9,443 


6,004 


2,474 


2,417 


2,776 


2,502 


3,481 


3,833 


10,596 


8,338 


39 




1,255 




2,096 





447 




1,377 




1,228 




1,749 


1,875 


59,364 


43,648 


569 


217 


980 


... 


75 




5,255 


. . . 


316 


271 


1.063 


887 


206,433 


163,003 


998 


518 


10,896 




3,413 


3,411 


4,637 


4,142 


21 




804 




402 


936 


495 


536 


1,240 


781 


1,917 


998 


8,872 


7,231 





169 


1900. 


1890. 


80 




3,754 


2,469 


1,500 


1,506 


1,511 


1,491 


536 




1,608 


1,225 


1,786 


770 


1,348 




200 


• • • 


561 


• • • 


10,583 


10,002 


13,962 


8,656 


416 




11,267 


8,156 


367 




275 




1,009 




941 




246,070 


181,830 


20,006 


18,603 


565 




4,376 


3,003 


290 




297 





STATE CENSUS. 

1905. 

Long-port borough 133 

Madison borough 4,115 

Manasquan borough 1,636 

Martinsville 435 

Matawan borough 1,479 

May wood borough 687 

Merchantville borough 1,632 

Metuchen borough 1,907 

Midland Park borough 1,617 

Millstone Borough ..^ 156 

Milltown borough 1,210 

Millville city 11,884 

Montclair town 16,370 

Montvale borough 502 

Morristown town 12,146 

Mountainside borough 314 

Mt. Arlington borough 250 

National Park borough 160 

Neptune City borough 808 

Netcong borough 1,024 

Newark city 283,289 

New Brunswick city 23,133 

New Providence borough 754 

Newton town 4,422 

North Arlington borough 408 

North Caldwell borough 483 

North Haledon borough 697 ... 

North Plainfield boroug-h 5,616 5,009 

Northfield city 688 

Norwood borough 432 

Nutley town 4,556 

Oakland borough 586 

Oaklyn borough 454 

Ocean City 1,835 1,307 452 

Old Tappan borough 280 269 

Orange city 26,101 24,141 18,884 

Orvil borough 443 

Palisades Park borough 911 644 

Park Ridge borough 1,189 870 

Passaic city 37,837 27,777 13,028 

Paterson city 111,529 105,171 78,347 

Paulsboro borough 2,269 

Pemberton borough 821 

Pennington borough 768 

Pennsgrove boroug-h 2,062 

Perth Amboy city 25,895 

Phillipsburg town 13,352 

Pitman borough 1,018 

Plainfield city 18,468 

Pleasantville borough 2,824 

Point Pleasant jDorough 978 

Pompton Lakes borough 1,013 

Port Republic city 451 

Princeton borough 6,029 

Prospect Park borough 1,911 

Rahway city 8,649 

Raritan town 3,954 

Red Bank town 6,263 

Ridgefield borough . 745 



771 


834 


733 


588 


1,826 


. . . 


17,699 


9.512 


10,052 


8,644 


is! 369 


11,267 


2,182 


2,824 


746 





847 




3,899 


3"422 


7.935 


7*165 


3,244 


2,556 


5,428 


4,145 


584 





170 STATE CENSUS. 

1905. 

Ridgewood village 3,980 

Riverside borough 670 

Riverton borough 1,557 

Rockaway borough 1,585 

Rocky Hill borough 479 

Rosalie borough 2,142 

Roselle Park borough 2,236 

Rutherford borough 5,218 

Saddle River borough 474 

Salem city 6,443 

Seabright borough •1,166 

Sea Isle City borough 432 

Seaside Park borough 92 

Secaucus borough 3,191 

Somers Point borough ...■ 431 

Somerville town 4,782 

South Amboy borough 6,258 

South Atlantic City borough — 115 

South Cape May borough 5 

South Orange village 4,932 

South River borough 3,585 

Spring Lake borough 1,039 

Stanhope borough 887 

Stockton borough 588 

Summit city 6,845 

Surf City borough 36 

Sussex borough (formerly Deck- 

ertown) 1,318 

Sweedesboro borough 1,484 

Tenafly borough 2,142 

Totowa borough 738 

Trenton city 84,180 

Tuckerton borough 1,332 

Union town 17,005 

Upper Saddle River borough 324 

Ventnor city 116 

Vineland borough 4,593 

Wallington borough 2,475 

Washington borough 3,431 

Wenonah borough 569 

West Caldwell borough 490 

West Cape May borough 902 

West Hoboken town 29,082 

West New York town 7,196 

West Orange town 7,872 

Westwood borough 1,044 

Wharton borough (formerly Port 

Oram) 2,285 

Wildwood borough 500 

Woodbine borough 1,850 

Woodbury city 4,560 

Woodchff borough 477 

Woodlyne borough 388 

Woodridge borough 721 

Woodstown borough 1,500 



1900. 


1890. 


3,298 




561 


• . ■ • ■ 


1,332 


1,075 


1,483 




354 




1,652 


996 


4,"4ii 


2,'293 


415 




5,811 


5,516 


1,198 




340 


766 


73 




1,626 




308 


igi 


4,843 


3,861 


6,349 


4,330 


69 




14 




4,608 


3,106 


2,792 


1,796 


526 




590 


• • • • • 


5,302 


3,502 


9 




1,306 


993 


1,746 


1,046 


562 




73,307 


57,458 


15,187 


10,643 


326 




4,370 


"3i822 


1,812 




3,580 


2,834 


498 


383 


696 


757 


23,094 


11,665 


5,267 




6,889 


4,358 


828 




2.069 


775 


150 




4,087 


3.9ii 


329 




582 


"575 


1,371 


1,516 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 171 

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES. 

CENSUS OF 1900. 

Per 

States and Territories. 1900. 1890. Increase, cent. 

Alabama 1,828,697 1,513,017 315,680 20.9 

Alaska 63,592 

Arizona 122,931 59,620 39,930 67.0 

Arkansas 1,311,564 1,128,179 183,385 16.3 

California 1,485,053 1,208.130 274,049 22.7 

Colorado 539,700 412,198 126,357 30 7 

Connecticut 908,420 746,258 162,162 21.7 

Delaware 184,735 168,493 16,242 9.G 

District of Columbia.. 278,718 230,392 48,326 21.0 

Florida 528,542 £91,422 137,120 35.0 

Georgia 2,216,331 1,837,353 378,978 20.6 

Hawaii 154,001 

Idaho 161,772 84,385 74,762 88.0 

Illinois 4,821,550 3,826,351 995,199 26.0 

Indiana 2,516,462 2,192,404 324,058 14.8 

Indian Territory 392,060 

Iowa 2,231,853 1.911,896 319,572 16.7 

Kansas 1,470,495 1,427,096 41,373 2.9 

Kentucky 2,147,174 1,858,635 288,539 15.5. 

Louisiana 1,381,625 1,118,587 263,038 23.5 

Maine 694,466 661,086 .33,380 5.0 

Maryland 1,188,044 1,042,390 145,654 14.0 

Massachusetts 2,805,346 2,238,943 566,403 25.3 

Michigan 2,420,982 2,093,889 327,093 15.6 

Minnesota 1,751,394 1,301,826 440,160 33.8 

Missippi :... 1,551,270 1,289,600 261,670 20.3 

Missouri 3,106,665 2,679,184 427,481 16.0 

Montana 243,329 132,159 99,400 75.2 

Nebraska 1,066,300 1,058,910 7,390 0.7 

Nevada 42,335 45,761 *5,099 11.1 

New Hampshire 411,588 .376,530 35,058 • 9.3 

New Jersey 1,883,669 1,444,933 438,736 30.4 

New Mexico 195,310 153,593 29,727 19.4 

New York 7,268,894 5,997,853 1,265,257 2.11 

North Carolina 1,893,810 1,617,947 275,863 17.1 

North Dakota 319,146 182,719 129,520 70.9 

Ohio 4,157,545 3,672,316 485,229 1.3.2 

Oklahoma 398,331 61,834 320,407 518.2 

Oregon 413,536 313,767 95,518 30.4 

Pennsylvania 6,302,115 5,258,014 1,044,020 19.9 

Rhode Island 428,556 345,506 83,050 24.0 

South Carolina 1,340,316 1,151,149 189,167 1G.4 

South Dakota 401,570 328,808 55,079 16.8 

Tennessee 2,020,616 1,767,518 253,098 14.3 

Texas 3,048,710 2,235,523 813,187 36.4 

Utah 276,749 207,905 67,047 32.2 

Vermont " 343,641 332,422 11,219 3.4 

Virginia 1,854,184 1,655,980 J98,204 12.0 

Washington 518,103 349,390 162,194 46.4 

West Virginia 958,800 762,794 196,006 25.7 

Wisconsin 2,069,042 1,686,880 376,036 22.3 

Wyoming 92,531 60,705 29,865 49.2 

76,303,387 62,622,250 12,937,008 20.7 

•Decrease. 



172 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 

Cities Having 25,000 Inhabitants and More. 

1900. 

New York, N. Y 3,437.202 

Chicago, 111 1.698,575 

Philadelphia. Pa 1.293,697 

St. Louis, Mo 575,238 

Boston, Mass 560,892 

Baltimore, Md 508,957 

Cleveland, Ohio 381,768 

Buffalo, N. Y 352,387 

San Francisco, Cal 342,782 

Cincinnati, Ohio 325,902 

Pittsburg, Pa 321,616 

New Orleans, La 287,104 

Detroit. Mich 285,704 

Milwaukee, Wis 285,315 

Washington, D. C 278.718 

Newark, N. J 246.070 

Jersey City, N. J 206,433 

Louisville, Ky 204,731 

Minneapolis, Minn 202,718 

Providence, R. 1 175.597 

Indianapolis, Ind 169,164 

Kansas City, Mo 163,752 

St. Paul, Minn 163,065 

Rochester, N. Y 162,608 

Denver, Col • 133,859 

Toledo. Ohio 131,822 

Allegheny, Pa 129,896 

Columbus, Ohio 125,560 

Worcester, Mass 118,421 

Syracuse, N. Y 108,374 

New Haven, Conn 108,027 

Paterson, N. J 105,171 

Fall River, Mass 104,863 

St. Joseph, Mo 102,979 

Omaha, Neb 102,555 

Los Angeles, Cal 102,479 

Memphis, Tenn 102,320 

Scranton, T>a 102.026 

Lowell, Mass 94,969 

Albany, N. Y 94,151 

Cambridge, Mass 91,886 

Portland, Ore 90,426 

Atlanta, Ga 89,872 

Grand Rapids, Mich 87,565 

Dayton, Ohio 85,333 

Richmond, Va 85,050 

Nashville, Tenn 80,865 

Seattle, Wash 80.671 

Hartford, Conn 79,850 

Reading. Pa 78,961 

Wilmington, Del 76,508 

Camden, N. J 75,935 

Trenton, N. J 73,307 

Bridgeport, Conn 70.996 

Lynn, Mass 68.513 

Oakland, Cal 66,960 

Lawrence, Mass 62,559 

New Bedford, Mass 62,442 

♦Decrease. 





Inc. 


1890. 


P.C. 


2,492,591 


37.8 


1,099,850 


54.4 


1,046,964 


23.5 


451,770 


27.3 


448,477 


25.0 


434,439 


17.1 


261,353 


46.0 


255,664 


37.8 


298,997 


14.6 


296,908 


9.7 


238,617 


34.7 


242,039 


18.6 


205,876 


38.7 


204,468 ■ 


39.5 


230.392 


20.9 


181,830 


35.3 


163,003 


26.6 


161,129 


27.0 


164,738 


23.0 


132,146 


32.8 


105,436 


60.4 


132,716 


23.3 


133,156 


22.4 


133,896 


21.4 


106,713 


25.4 


81,434 


61.8 


105,287 


23.3 


88,150 


42.4 


84,655 


39.8 


88,143 


22.9 


81,298 


32.8 


78,347 


34.2 


74,398 


40.9 


52,324 


96.8 


140,452 


*26.9 


50,395 


103.3 


64,495 


58.6 


75,215 


35.6 


77,696 


22.2 


94,923 


*0.8 


70,028 


31.2 


46,385 


94.9 


65,533 


37.1 


60,278 


45.2 


61.220 


39.3 


81.388 


4.4 


76,168 


6.1 


42,837 


88.3 


53.230 


50.0 


58,661 


34.6 


61,431 


24.5 


58,313 


30.2 


57,458 


27.5 


48,866 


45.2 


55,727 


22.9 


48,682 


37.5 


44,654 


40.0 


40,733 


53.2 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 173 



Des Moines, Iowa 

Springfield, Mass 

Somerville, Mass 

Troy, N. Y 

Hoboken, N. J 

Evansville, Ind 

Manchester, N. H 

Utica, N. Y 

Peoria, 111 

Charleston, S. C 

Savannah, Ga 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Antonio, Tex 

Duluth. Minn 

Erie, Pa 

Elizabeth, N. J 

AVilkesbarre, Pa 

Kansas City, Kan 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Portland, Me 

Yonkers, N. Y 

Norfolk, Va 

Waterbury, Conn 

Holyoke, Mass 

Fort Wayne, Ind..;... 

Youngstown, Ohio 

Houston, Tex 

Covington, Ky 

Akron, Ohio 

Dallas, Tex 

Saginaw, Mich 

liancaster. Pa 

Lincoln, Neb 

Brockton, Mass 

Binghamton, N. Y 

Augusta, Ga 

Pawtucket, R. I 

Altoona, Pa 

Wheeling, W. Va 

Mobile, Ala 

Birmingham, Ala 

Little Rock, Ark 

Springfield, Ohio 

Galveston, Tex 

Tacoma, Wash 

Haverhill , Mass 

Spokane, Wash 

Terre Haute, Ind 

Dubuque, Iowa 

Quincy, 111 

South Bend. Ind 

Salem, Mass 

Johnstown, Pa 

Elmira, N. Y 

Allento wn. Pa 

Davenport, Iowa 

McKeesport. Pa 

Springfield, 111 

Chelsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa 

♦Decrease. 







Inc. 


1900. 


1890. 


P.C. 


62,139 


50,093 


24.0 


62,059 


44,179 


40.4 


61,643 


40,152 


53.5 


60,651 


60,956 


*0.5 


59,364 


43,648 


36.0 


59,007 


50,756 


16.2 


56,987 


44.126 


29.1 


56,383 


44,007 


28.1 


56,100 


41,024 


36.7 


55,807 


54,955 


1.5 


54,244 


43,189 


25.5 


53,531 


44,843 


19.3 


53,321 


37,673 


41.5 


52,969 


33,115 


59.9 


52,733 


40,634 


29.7 


52,130 


37,764 


38.0 


51,721 


37.718 


37.1 


51,418 


38,316 


34.1 


50,167 


39,385 


27.3 


50,145 


36,425 


37.6 


47,931 


32,033 


49.6 


46,624 


34,871 


33.7 


45,859 


28,646 


60.0 


45,712 


35,637 


28.2 


45,115 


35,393 


27.4 


44,885 


33,220 


35.1 


44,633 


27,557 


61.9 


42,938 


37,371 


14.8 


42,728 


27,601 


54.8 


42,638 


38,067 


12.0 


42,345 


46,322 


*8.5 


41,459 


32,011 


29.5 


40,169 


55,154 


*27.1 


40,063 


27,294 


46.7 


39,647 


35,005 


13.2 


39,441 


33,300 


18.4 


39,231 


27,633 


41.9 


38,973 


30,337 


28.4 


38,878 


34,522 


12.6 


38,469 


31,076 


23.7 


38,415 


26,178 


46.7 


38,307 


25,874 


48.0 


38,253 


31,895 


19.9 


37,789 


29,084 


•29.9 


37,714 


36,006 


4.7 


37,175 


27,412 


35.6 


36,848 


19,922 


84.9 


36,673 


30,217 


21.3 


36,297 


30,311 


19.7 


36,252 


31,494 


15.1 


35,999 


21,819 


64.9 


35,956 


30,801 


16.7 


35,936 


21,805 


64.8 


35,672 


30,893 


15.4 


35,416 


25,228 


40.3 


35,254 


26,872 


31.1 


34,227 


20,741 


65.0 


34,159 


24,963 


36.8 


34,072 


27,909 


22.0 


33,988 


20,226 


68.0 



174 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 

Inc. 

1900. 1890. P.C. 

York, Pa , 33,708 20,793 C2.1 

Maiden. Mass 33,664 23,031 46.1 

Topeka, Kan 33,608 31,007 8.3 

Newton, Mass 33,587 24,379 37.7 

Sioux City. Iowa 33,111 37,806 *12.4 

Bayonne, N. J 32,722 19,033 71.9 

Knoxville, Tenn • 32,637 22,535 44.8 

Chattanooga, Tenn 32,490 29,100 11.6 

Schenectady, N. Y 31,682 19,902 59.1 

Fitchburg, Mass 31,531 22,037 43.0 

Superior, Wis 31,091 11,983 159.4 

Rockford, 111 31,051 23,584 31.6 

Taunton, Mass 31,036 25,448 21.9 

Canton, Ohio 30,667 26,189 17.0 

Butte, Mont 30,470 10,723 184.1 

Montgomery, Ala 30,346 21,883 38.6 

Auburn, N. Y 30,345 25,858 17.3 

East St. Louis, 111 29,655 15,169 95.4 

Joliet. Ill 29,353 23,264 26.1 

Sacramento, Cal 29,282 26,386 10.9 

Racine, Wis 29,102 21,014 38.4 

La Crosse, Wis 28,895 25,090 15.1 

Williamsport, Pa 28,757 27,132 5.9 

Jacksonville, Fla 28,429 17,201 65.2 

Newcastle, Pa 28,339 11,600 144.3 

Newport, Ky 28,301 24,918 13.5 

Oshkosh, Wis 28,284 22,836 23.8 

Woonsccket, R. 1 28,204 20,830 35.4 

Pueblo Col 28,157 24,558 14.6 

Atlantic City. N. J 27,838 13,055 113.2 

Passaic, N. J 27,777 13,028 113.2 

Bay City, Mich 27,628 27,839 *0.7 

Fort Worth, Tex 26,688 23,076 15.6 

Lexington, Ky 26,369 21,567 22.2 

Gloucester, Mass 28,121 24,651 5.9 

South Omaha, Neb 26,001 8,062 222.5 

New Bri'ain, Conn 25,998 16,519 57.3 

Council Bluffs, Iowa 25,802 16.519 57.3 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 25.656 18,020 42.3 

Easton. Pa 25,238 14,481 74.2 

Jackson, Mich 25,180 20,798 21.0 

♦Decrease. 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE, 1004. 



175 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1904. 

(From New York Tribune Almanac, 1905.) 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts . . . 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire.. 

Now Jersey 

New York 

North Carolin^a. . . 
North Dakota.... 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania .... 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina... 
South Dakota.... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



J3 
3 

a 

4) 

C3 

22,472 

46,860 

205,226 

134,687 

111,089 

23,705 

8,314 

24,003 

47,783 

632,645 

368,289 

307,907 

210,893 

205,277 

5,205 

64,438 

109,497 

257,822 

361,866 

216,651 

3,189 

321,449 

34,9.32 

138,558 

6,867 

54,177 

245,164 

859,533 

81,372 

.52,595 

600,095 

60,432 

840,949 

41,605 

2,254 

72,083 

105,369 

51,242 

62,444 

40,459 

46,450 

101,540 

132,608 

279,870 

20,467 



79,857 

64,434 

89,294 

100,105 

72,909 

19,347 

27,046 

83,472 

18,480 

327,606 

274,345 

149,141 

84,800 

217,170 

47,708 

27,648 

109,446 

165,746 

134,151 

55,187 

53,376 

296,312 

21,773 

51,876 

3,982 

33,992 

164,566 

683,981 

123,458 

14,273 

344,674 

17,444 

335,430 

24,839 

54,6.35 

21,969 

131,653 

167,200 

33,413 

9,777 

80,638 

28,098 

100,850 

124,036 

8,904 



612 

993 

7,380 

3,438 

1,506 

607 

5 

684 

1,013 

34,770 

23,496 

11,601 

7,245 

6,609 

l",5i6 
3,034 
4,279 
13,302 
6,253 

7',i9i 

335 

6,323 

'749 

6,845 

20,787 

' 361 

1,140 

19,339 

3,860 

33,717 

768 

2', 965 
1,889 
4,292 

'792 

1,382 
3,229 
4,569 
9,770 
207 



m 

853 

1,816 

29,533 

4,304 

4,543 

146 

2,337 

197 

4,954 

69,22^ 

12,013 

14,847 

15,494 

3,602 

995 

2,106 

2,247 

13,604 

8,941 

11,692 

393 

13,009 

5,676 

7,412 

925 

1,090 

9,587 

30,883 

124 

2,017 

30,260 

7,051 

21,863 

956 

22 

3,138 

1,354 

2,791 

5,767 

844 

56 

10,023 

1,572 

28,220 

1,077 



325 
575 



Totals 7,620,332 5,079,041 258,847 402,159 33,612 113,258 

Plurality 2,541,291 



698 
598 



596 



350 
012 
974 

674 

208 



680 
127 



633 

211 

488 



421 



218 
592 

223 



5,051 
2,318 

'824 

494 

51 

1,605 

21,511 

353 

6,725 

2,444 

2,207 

6,156 

2,511 

'338 

]",294 
1,159 
2,103 
1,425 
4,226 
1,520 
20,518 

344 

81 

3,705 

7,459 

819 

165 
1,.392 

784 



1 

1,240 
2,491 
8,062 



359 



324 
530 



176 STATE COMMITTEES. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 



REPUBLICAN. 



Headquarters, Tre'nton, also Newark, 

Fl-ank O. Briggs, Trenton, Cbairman; Edward C. Stokes, 
Millville, Vice-Chairman; Winton C. Garrison, Newark, 
Treasurer; J. Herbert Potts, Jersey City, Secretary; Harry 
B. Salter, Assistant Secretary, Trenton. 

At Large— Franklin Murphy, Newark; Charles N. Fow- 
ler, Elizabeth. 

.Atlantic— John J. Gardner, Egg Harbor. 

Bergen— C. E. Breckenridge, Maywcod. 

Burlington— R. C. Hutchinson, Bordentown. 

Camden— David Baird, Camden. 

Cape May— Lewis M. Cresse, Ocean City. 

Cumberland— Edward C. Stokes, Millville. 

Essex— Henry M. Doremus, Newark; vacancy. 

Gloucester— David O. Watkins, Woodbury. 

Hudson— Samuel D. Dickinson, Jersey City; Edward 
Fry, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon- Percival Christie, High Bridge. 

Mercer— Frank O. Briggs, Trenton. 

Middlesex— Henry H. Banker, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth— C. Asa Francis, Long Branch. 

Morris— D. S. Voorhees, Morristown.. 

Ocean — William H. Fisher, Toms River. 

Passaic— Robert Williams, Paterson. 

Salem— John C. Ward, Centreton. 

Somerset— Lewis A. Thompson, Somerville. 

Sussex— George Williams, Newton. 

Union— Hamilton Kean, Elizabeth. 

Warren— John I. Blair Reilly, Phillipsburg. 

Auxiliary Members— R. Henri Herbert, Trenton; A. 
B. Cosey, Newark; Charles N. Robinson, Camden. 

Executive Committee— John Kean, Elizabeth; Franklin 
Murphy, Newark; John J. Gardner, Egg Harbor; Samuel 
D. Dickinson, Jersey Citj^; C. E. Breckenridge, May wood; 
David Baird, Camden; Robert Williams, Passaic; Daniel 
S. Voorhees. Morristown. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 177 

DEMOCRATIC COMMITTEE. 

Headquarters, Newark. 

William B. Gourley, Chairman, Paterson; William K. 
Devereux, Secretary, Aslpury Park; William C. Heppen- 
heimer, Treasurer, Hoboken. 

At Large— William B. Gourley, Paterson; Robert S. 
Hudspeth, Jersey City; Howard Carrow, Camden; Frank 
S. Katvsenbach, Jr., Trenton; vacancy. 

Atlantic — William A Faunce, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Luther A. Campbell, Hackensack. 

Burlington— Benajah P. Wills, Mount Holly. 

Camden — William H. Davis, Camden. 

Cape May— Matthew Jefferson, Sea Isle City. 

Cumberland— Samuel Iredell, Bridgeton. 

Essex— James R. Nugent, Newark. 

Gloucester— Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah. 

Hudson— William C. Heppenheimer, Hoboken. 

Hunterdon— James N. Pidcock, White House Station. 

Mercer— Michael Hurley, Trenton. 

Middlesex— Oliver Kelly, Metuchen. 

Monmouth— David S. Crater, Freehold. 

Morris — Willard W. Cutler, Morristown. 

Ocean— Charles L. Rogers, Lakehurst. 

Passaic— Louis F. Braun, Paterson. 

Salem— Robert Gwynne, Salem. 

Somerset— Samuel S. Childs, Bernardsville. 

Sussex— Lewis S. Iliff, Newton. 

Union— Peter Egenolf, Elizabeth. 

Warren— Johnston Cornish, Washington. 

Executive Committee— Chairman, vacancy; Johnston 
Cornish, David' S. Crater, William C. Heppenheimer, 
Howard Carrow. 

REPUBLICAN LEAGUE OF NEW JERSEY. 

Everett Colby, President, West Orange; William H. 
Parry, Secretary, Burlington; Edmund C. Hill, Treasurer, 
Trenton. 

Executive Committee— Atlantic, George G. Clinton, At- 
lantic City; Bergen, Ernst Neithardt, Rochelle Park; Bur- 
lington, Dr. Ira C. Leedom, Bordentown; Camden, E. E. 
Jefferies, Camden; Cape May, Lewis T.Stevens, Cape May; 
Cumberland, Alonzo G. Bacon, Bivalve; Essex, Duane 
E. Minard, Newark; Gloucester, David O. Watkins, 
Woodbury; Hudson, Pierre Garvin, Bayonne; Hunterdon, 
Walter F. Hayhurst, Lambertville; Mercer, Kendrick C. 
12 



178 STATE COMMITTEES. 

Hill, Trenton; Middlesex, W. Frank Parker, New Bruns- 
wick; Monmouth, Frank E. Price, Atlantic Highlands; 
Morris, Samuel G. Harris, Boonton; Ocean, Joseph M. 
Thompson, New Egypt; Passaic, George W. Pollitt, Pat- 
erson; Salem, Joseph B. Crispen, Salem; Sussex, Dr. E. C. 
Tuttle, Sussex; Somerset, William H. H. Wyckoff, Rari- 
tan; Union, James MacMaster, Elizabeth; Warren, John 
I. Blair Reiley, Phillipsburg. 

Finance Committee— Edmund C. Hill, E. E. Jefferies, 
W. Frank Parker. 

NEW JERSEY DEMOCRATIC ASSOCIATION. 

Col. Edwin A. Stevens, President, Hoboken; William S. 
McKean, Newark, Secretary; J. Clarence Conover, Free- 
hold, Treasurer. 

Executive Committee— Atlantic, Clarence L. Cole; Ber- 
gen, J. C. Westervelt; Camden, Frank S. Devereux; Cape 
May, Matthew Jefferson; Essex, Thomas J. Regan; 
Gloucester, Edward E. Grosscup; Hudson, Thomas F. A. 
Griffin; Hunterdon. John J. Matthews; Mercer, John P. 
Dullard; Middlesex, John Lrord; Morris, A. L. Revere; 
Passaic, John F. Wynne; Somerset, Calvin D. McMurtry. 

LOCAL OPTION CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE. 

Legislative Committee Anti-Saloon League -G. Rowland 
Munroe, George H. Strobell. Prohibition Committee— Dr. 
Grafton E. Day, William Cairns, Esq. Temperance Com- 
mittee Presbyterian Synod— Rev. Joseph Howell, D. R. 
Warne, Rev. A. K. Fulton, A. F. Stout, W. T. Smock. 
Baptist State Convention— Rev. J. W. Lyle. 1). D. Bap- 
tist Ministers' Conference— Rev. W. G. Fennell, Rev. W. 
T. S. Lumbar. Congregational Church — Rev. Amory 
BradforJ. D. D. Trenton Ministerial League— Rev. H. C. 
Minton, D. D. W. C. T. U.— Mrs. Emma Bourne. N. J. 
M. E. Conference— Rev. J. W. Gamble, D. D., Rev. John 
Fox, D. D. Newark M. B. Conference— Rev. W. H. Mor- 
gan, D. U., Rev. George C. Wilding, D. D., Rev. C. L. 
Mead, D. D. Law and Order League— Rev. S. H. Hann, 
D. D., Rev. E. J. Kulp. Reformed Church— Rev. P. T. 
Pockman, D. D. Good Templars— E. C. Black, Esq. 
Roman C'atholic Church— Rev. M. P. O'Connor. Society 
of Friends— Rev. Joel Borton. Chairman, Rev. C, E. 
Nash, D. D., Superintendent Anti-Saloon League of New 
Jersey; Trenton address, Hotel Windsor, or 828 Broad 
street, Newark, 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 179 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 



REPUBLICAN. 



(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton, Tues- 
day, September 20th, 1904.) 

The Republican party is just fifty years old. During 
the greater portion of this period it has governed the 
country. What a record of achievement! It has always 
been the party of progress and prosperity. The preserva- 
tion of the Union, protection and sound money have suc- 
cessively been, and are its w^atchwords. It has met every 
great emergency in the right. 

The administration of President Roosevelt has been 
American, courageous and honest. His character and 
purposes fill the American heart with admiration. We 
endorse him with enthusiasm for a further tenure of 
office, and adopt as our own the platform of the last Re- 
publican national convention. 

We heartily endorse the administration of Governor 
Murphy. It has been honest, progressive and achieving. 

Laws for primary reform, giving the State interest on 
its money deposits, creating a tenement house commis- 
sion, and providing for reform in factory and workshop 
legislation, are among the acts which reflect credit upon 
the business-like management of State affairs for the last 
three years. 

The State revenue has been carefully conserved, while 
at the same time the helpless and dependent population of 
the State have been cared for to a greater extent than 
ever before. 

Throught the persistent efforts of the present adminis- 
tration over three-quarters of a million dollars have been 
collected from the national government for interest- 
moneys on expenditures made by the State at the time of 
the Civil War. 

The Republican party of this State has inaugurated a 
policy unknown elsewhere, in using the surplus funds of 
the State treasury for the relief of local taxa^.on. Under 
this policy $2,000,000 of the State's income is now annually 
distributed or secured to our various taxing districts as 
their dividend from a wise administration of State affairs. 



180 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

The record of the party for the past nine years is an 
evidence of the faithfulness with which it has carried out 
its trust, and if continued in power it pledges itself to 
scrupulously guard the State's income for the benefit of all 
the people; to continue to use the surplus thereof for the 
further reduction of the local tax rate, the improvement 
of our school system, and for the extension of our good 
roads, which policy has proven such a boon to the people 
of the State. We pledge ourselves in thess policies to so 
manage the finances as to prevent the imposition of a 
State tax, to which we are unalterably opposed. 

The constitution of the State declares that property 
shall be assessed for taxation under general laws, by 
uniform rules, according to its true value. Equal taxa- 
tion is not only just, but an obligation imposed upon the 
Legislature by the constitution. 

The taxation of railroad property has assumed its pres- 
ent prominence largely because of the constant and in- 
creasing absorption of private property for railroad pur- 
poses, particularly at the terminals of the great trunk 
lines. 

Railroad property is now, by legislation, sanctioned by 
the highest judicial authority of the State, segregated into 
a class for purposes of taxation. This system has ex- 
isted for twenty years, and under it the State and mvini- 
cipalities have received large sums, and a State tax has 
been avoided. By means of it railroad property is divided 
into classes for purposes of taxation. 

Tlie franchises and the property familiarly called the 
"main stem" are required by the existing law to be taxed 
by the State Board of Assessors at a uniform rate, as- 
sessed upon their true value as a whole. Other real 
estate, not included in the "main stem," owned by rail- 
roads and used for railroad purposes, and known as 
"second class" property, is also taxed by the State Board 
of Assessors at a fixed rate. 

A portion of the taxes derived from this class of prop- 
erty was formerly paid to the State for its use, but sub- 
sequently the Legislature, in the interest of certain muni- 
cipalities where the diversion of these taxes into the State 
treasury seemed to be a hardship, modified the law by di 
recting that this whole tax be paid to the particular muni 
cipality where the lands were situate. 

We believe that the time has now come when a still 
further modification of the law should be made for the 
benefit of the municipalities, by providing that this "sec- 
ond class" property should be taxed at full local rates for 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 181 

local purposes, and we are in lavor of the enactment of 
laws to this effect. 

The question affecting the taxation of the franchises 
and so-called "main stem" are so indmately connected 
with the revenues of the State, and so far-reaching and 
involved, that the subject should receive the most ex- 
haustive consideration. Under authority of the last Legis- 
lature, a commission was appointed by the Governor to 
investigate and report to the next Legislature upon the 
taxation of all classes of property, by whomsoever owned. 
This commission has now organized, ana has commenced 
its deliberations by setting on foot a searching investiga- 
tion into the taxation of railroad property. The possible 
loss of revenue to the State, the danger of a State tax, 
and other results affecting the State at large, which 
might arise from a change in the method of taxation of 
the franchise and "main stem," are so great that we 
deem it prudent and conservative to await the report of 
this commission before taking action thereon. 

Upon the presentation of this report to the Legislature, 
we pledge the Republican party, its candidate for Gov- 
ernor, and its members of the Legislature, to a fearless 
and thorough consideration of this subject, to the end 
that if any lack of uniformity or any inequalities are 
shown to exist, they will be removed, so mat all property, 
corporate or individual, except that used for religious, 
educational and charitable purposes, shall bear its full 
equal and just burden of taxation without discrimination, 
and we pledge to the people of the State the enactment 
of all just laws to that end. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton, 
Thursday, September 15, 1904.J 

The representatives of the Democratic party of New 
Jersey, in convention assembled, declare; 

That we endorse the action of the National Democratic 
convention in its declaration of the principles of the 
Democratic party and in its nomination of Alton B. Par- 
ker and Henry G. Davis, and we invite to the support of 
those statesmen every voter of New Jersey who believes 
that our national government should be guided by the 
constitution and not by a desire for spectacular and sen- 
sational experiment. 

We denounce the carnival of corruption that has dis- 
graced our Legislature for years and which last winter 



182 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

reached the point that declared that any and all legisla- 
tion was for sale. Hand in hand with corrupt legislation 
for the benefit of corporations and individuals, there has 
gone on an extravagance in expenditure of public funds, 
until the annual cost of our State government has reached 
a figure the very mention of which indicates the hold of 
corruption and waste upon our State treasury. The Re- 
publican platforms have charged that Democratic admin- 
istrations the affairs of our State were extravagantly 
administered. Let us see. During the years 1891, 1892 and 
1893, when the Democratic party controlled State ex- 
penditures, the disbursements from our State treasury, 
exclusive of payment of bonds or loans, were as follows: 

. In 1891 $1,812,696 

In 1892 1.698.405 

In 1893 1,857,982 

A total of $5,369,083, and an annual average of $1,789,694. 
During the years 1901, 1902 and 1903, the disbursements 
from our State treasury, exclusive of payment of bonds 
or loans, were: 

1901 $3,323,850 

1902 3,774.810 

1903 4,310,820 

A total of $11,409,580, and an annual average of $3,803,195. 
The Republican press has sought to convey the im- 
pression that this increase is to be credited to the im- 
provement of roads and the care of our public schools. 
Let this claim be examined. Of the expenditures for 1903, 
the following items are found and classified in the second 
annual message of Governor Murphy: 
Management of the various State departments, 
including salaries of the State officials, the 
different State boards, expenses of maintain- 
ing the State House, printing, etc $562,084 05 

Cost of prisons and reform schools 487,293 43 

Care of the insane 600,450 61 

Care of blind, deaf, feeble-minded, etc 220,800 78 

Total of $1,870,628 87 

This total of four items does not include the cost of 
courts ($232,514), the cost of the military establishment 
($235,021), the cost of homes for disabled soldiers ($76,918), 
the cost of voting machines ($47,427), the cost of the new 
Senate chamber ($122,541), or the cost of the Legislature 
($93,561), and does not include a dollar in the public school 
account. Yet the four items exceed the entire disburse- 
ments from the State treasury, for every purpose, during 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 183 

any of the years 1891, 1892 or 1893. These figures evidently 
alarmed Governor Murphy, for, in the message in which 
he reports them to the Legislature of 1904, he says: 

"Because of the falling oft in the receipts from incorpo- 
ration fees, some timid people have taken alarm, and they 
see in imagination the revenues of the State disappearing, 
and the bogy of the State tax already in sight. Person- 
ally, I think much greater calamities might happen to 
the State than to have a State tax." 

The Democratic party repudiates the word and sentiment 
of Governor Murphy's message and demands that the 
affairs of our State be so ecDnomically administered that 
there shall not be a general State tax imposed upon the 
people of New Jersey. The receipts by the State, from 
license fees, inheritance tax and franchise tax and miscel- 
laneous sources (outside of the real estate of railroad and 
canal companies), amounted in 1903 to over $3,800,000, or 
$2,000,000 more than the average disbursements for all 
purposes during the years 1891, 1892 and 1893. Nothing but 
criminal extravagance can give occasion for a dollar of 
State tax upon the counties of New Jersey. 

We demand equal taxation of all property not used foi; 
religious, charitable or educational purposes. The fran- 
chises of railroad and canal companies are granted by 
the State, and it is fair that taxes upon these privileges 
should be paid into the common treasury of the State. 
The real estate of these corporations presents no feature 
that justifies a separate classification as to the amount of 
tax to be imposed. The railroads of New Jersey are not 
infant industries. They are of great vatue to the State, 
but they are also of great value to their owners. To tax 
the vacant city lot and the unproductive farm and ex- 
empt the property of railroad and canal companies is not 
only unfair, but is in direct violation of the spirit of our 
State constitution, which demands that property shall be 
taxed by uniform rules. The Republican party has 
broken, in this State, every pledge of equal taxation that 
it has made to the people. It never gets beyond the ap- 
pointment of a commission to inquire. We assert that 
the day of inquiry is past. The State is in possession of 
the facts. 

What inquiry is needed to demonstrate that the build- 
ings and roadbeds and tracks in Atlantic and Burlington, 
in Essex and Hudson, and in every other county in the 
State should pay the same local tax that is imposed upon 
other real estate in those counties? Every factory, every 
farm, every home in New Jersey is taxed at full local 



184 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

rates. Why, then, should exemption of railroad property 
continue? No convincing- answer will ever be heard out- 
side of the legislative committee room, where reasons 
given would seem to he always marked "Not for publica- 
tion." We ask the corporations to deal fairly with the 
State, and we also demand that the State shall deal fairly 
with the corporations. We demand that property shall be 
taxed not because it is used for railroad purposes, but 
because it is property and as such receives Its full share 
of the benefits of municipal government. We promise 
the people of New Jersey that the Democratic party will 
in the first year that it is entrusted with power, enact 
the following propositions: 

First. That the property other than franchises of every 
railroad and canal company in New Jersey shall be 
taxed, in each municipality, at the same rate that is im- 
posed upon the property of private owners. Dollar for 
dollar in assessment of valuation; dollar for dollar in 
amount of tax to be imposed. 

Second. That the franchises of railroad and canal 
companies shall be subject to a State tax of one-half of 
one per cent, for State uses. 

Third. That expert knowledge being necessary to de- 
termine the values of railroad and canal properties, the 
assessment of values shall be made by a State board, the 
taxes collected by the State, and paid to the taxing dis- 
tricts in which the property is located. 

To the enactment of laws for this system of taxation, 
we pledge the Demicratic party of New Jersey, and de- 
clare that the nominee of this convention shall be bound, 
in honor, by his acceptance of the nomination, to see that 
our pledge is kept in letter and spirit, and we further 
pledge that the government of this State will, under 
Democratic administration, be so economically conducted 
that there will not be one dollar of State tax imposed 
upon the people of New Jersey. 



PRESIDENTIAL, TICKETS, 1904. 185 

PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS, 1904. 

REPUBLICAN. 

For President, Theodore Roosevelt. For Vice President, 
Charles W. Fairbanks. 

For Presidential Electors— Uzal H. McCarter, Washing- 
ton A. Roebling-, Joseph W. Cooper, Alexander C Wood, 
Lewis S. Thompson, Adolph Mack, Richard H. Williams, 
J. Hull Browning-, Henry Dickson, Arthur B. Leach, 
Jacob Ringle, Aaron S. Baldwin. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

For President, Alton B. Parker. For Vice President, 
Henry G. Davis. 

For Presidential Electors— Richard V. Lindabury, How- 
ard Carrow, John W. Westcott, Benjamin Franklin 
Hires, Isaac W. Carmichael, Haley Fiske, DeWitt Clinton 
Flanagan, Jacob L. Bunnell, Augustus H. Vanderpoel, 
Elvin W. Crane, John J. Voorhees, Edwin A. Stevens. 

NATIONAL PROHIBITION. 

For President, Silas C. Swallow. For Vice President, 
George W. Carroll. 

For Presidential Electors— William H. Nicholson, George 
LaMonte, Furman A. DeMaris, Robert B. Moore, Charles 
F. Garrison, Ross Slack. Joel G. VanCise, John Berryman, 
David Hopper, Joel W. Brown, Robert J. S. White, 
Charles L. Mead. 

SOCIALIST. 

For President, Eugene V. Debs. For Vice President, 
Benjamin Hanford. 

For Presidential Electors— Albin Strobel, Claus Detlif 
Hintz, Peter E. Burrowes, Gothard Arvidson, Millard D. 
Pancoast, Andrew Perino, Thomas B. Dennis, F. Clinton 
Dey, Wilson B. Killingbeck, Max Richter, Robert Streller, 
Joseph C. Eulenstein. 

SOCIALIST LABOR. 

For President, Charles Hunter Corregan. For Vice 
President, William Wesley Cox. 

For Presidential Electors— Henry Schmid, Abraham B. 
Herschmann, Herman Landgraf, Charles Beckert, John 
Hossak, Albert Grieb, William Creter, Adolph Blome, 
Julius Eck, Joseph Jacobs, Charles Gerold, Henry F. 
Schrsck 

PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC. 

For President, Thomas E. Watson. For Vice President, 
Thomas H. Tibbies. 

For Presidential Electors— Joseph R. Buchanan, Edgar 
Conrow, John Ranch, Wallace L. Brock, Louis L. Franz, 
Frank J. Shattle, John E. McKee, Samuel Warbasse, 
George A. Miller, Edward A. Wallace, Joseph B. Keim, 
John g. DeHart. 



186 



MEMBERS OP COUNCIL. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL, 

177C to 1S44. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Lewis M. Walker. 
38—39, Japhet Ireland. 



40—41, Mahlon Canfield. 
42 — 44, Absolam Cordery. 



Berg^en County. 



76, 82—83, John Fell. 
77—78, Robert Morris. 
79—81, Theunis Dey. 
84—90, 92—95, Peter Haring. 
91, 96—06, John Outwater. 

07, 09—11, Peter Ward. 

08, 12—13, William Colfax. 
14—15, 18, Adrian Post. 

16, 19—21, John D. Haring. 

17, Martin Ryerson. 
22—23, Christian Zabriskie. 



24—26, 30, 32—33, 

Charles Board. 
27—29, Nathaniel Board. 

31, Jacob M. Ryerson, 
34 — 35, Christian C. Zabriskie. 
36—37, Samuel R. Demarest. 
38—39, Francis Price. 

40, Albert G. Doremus. 
41 — 42, John Cassedy. 
43—44, John H. Zabriskie. 



Burlington County. 



76, Richard Smith. 

77, John Imlay. 
78—80, 83, Peter Tallman. 
81—82, John Cox. 

84—86, 89-90, 

William Newbold. 
87—88, Joseph Smith. 
91, James Kinsey. 
92, 1818—28, Caleb Newbold. 
93—96, John Black. 
97-1801, 04—09, 

George Anderson. 



02—04, Samuel Hough. 
10—13, John Beatty. 

14, Caleb Earl. 
15—17, William Irick. 
18, 29—31, William N. Shinn. 
32—33, Richard Campion. 

34, James Newbold. 
35—36, Charles Stokes. 
37-41, William Irick. 

42, Moffett Craig. 
43—44, James S. Hulme. 



Cape May County. 



1776, Jonathan Hand. 11, 

77, 79—80, 82-83, Jesse Hand. 14, 

78, Jonathan Jenkins. 15—19, 

81, 85, Elijah Hughes. 

84, 86—93, Jeremiah Eldredge.20— 23, 

94—95, 1806, 09—10, 28—30, 

Matthew Whillden. 31—33, 

96—98, 1800, 04, 34—35, 

Permenus Corson. 36 — 37, 

99, John T. Townsend. 38—39, 

1801—04, 07, Ebenezer Newton. 40— 41, 

05—06, William Eldredge. 42—44, 

08, 12—13, 

Joseph Falkenberge. 



Nathaniel Holmes. 
Furman Learning. 

24, 26—27, 
Joshua Swaine. 

25, Thomas H. Hughes. 
Israel Townsend. 
Joshua Townsend. 
Jeremiah Leaming. 
Richard Thomson. 
Amos Corson. 
Thomas P. Hughes. 
Maurice Beesley. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

1776 to 1844. 

Cumberland County. 



187 



76—77, 82, Theophilus Elmer. 13, 

78, Ephraim Harris. 14, 18, 

79, John Buck. 20—21, 
SO, 84, Jonathan Elmer. 26, 
81, 83, 85—94, 9&-97, 99—1800, 27—28, 

Samuel O&den. 29—32, 

95, Eli Elmer. 33, 37, 

98, Joel Fithian, 34, 

1801-02, David Moore. 35—36, 

03—04, 10—11, George Burgin. 38, 

05—06, Abraham Sayre. 39—40, 

06, 08, 12—13, 15—17, 19, 22—25, 41, 

Ebenezer Seeley. 42, 

07, Ebenezer Elmer. 43—44, 

09, James B. Hunt. 



Ezekiel Foster. 
James Clark. 
James D. Westcott. 
Ephraim Bateman. 
John Trenchard. 
Ellas P. Seeley. 
Israel Stratton. 
David Reeves. 
Joshua Brick. 
Nathaniel Foster. 
Samuel Barber. 
Ephraim H. Whitecar. 
David Whitaker. 
Enoch H. Moore. 



Essex County. 



76—77, 79, Stephen Crane. 15—16, 

78, Abraham Clark. 19—22, 

80, James Caldwell. 24, 30, 

81-84, Josiah Hornblower. 27, 

85—87, John Peck. 29, 

88, John Chetwood. 31—32, 

89, Jonathan Dayton. S3, 
90—97, John Condit. 34, 
98—1800, Daniel Marsh. 35, 
01, 06, 10—13, Charles Clark. 36, 
02—03, William S. Pennington. 37, 
04—06, 17—18, 23, John Dodd. 38—40, 

07, Moses Jacques. 41 — 42, 

08—09, Th.omas Ward. 43—44, 
14, Charles Kinsey. 



25, 28, Amos Harrison. 

26, Silas Condit. 
John Dow. 
Samuel Pennington. 
Amzi Dodd. 

Isaac H. Williamson. 
Jacob M. Mead. 
Oliver S. Halstead. 
Stephen D. Day. 
Andrew Parsons. 
John J. Chetwood. 
Am^i Armstrong. 
William Chetwood. 
Joseph S. Dodd. 



Gloucester County. 



1776—80, 84, John Cooper. 21—22, 

81, Joseph Hugg. 23, 29, 

82—83, 85—86, Elijah Clark. 24—25, 

87—94, Joseph Ellis. 26, 

95—97, Joseph Cooper. 27, 

98—1802, Thomas Clark. 28, 

03—06, 11, Isaac Mickle. 30, 33- 

06, 14—16, 36—38, 

Samuel W. Harrison. 39—40, 

97—10, Richard M. Cooper. 41, 

12—13, James Hopkins. 42, 

17—18, James Matlack. 43—44, 
19—20, John Baxter. 



Michael C. Fisher. 
31—32, Joseph Kaighn. 
Isaac Wilkins. 
John Moore White. 
Christopher Sickler. 
Jeremiah J, Foster. 
-35, John W. Mickle. 
John C. Smallwood. 
Joseph Porter. 
William R. Cooper. 
Joseph Saunders. 
Joshvia P. Browning. 



Hudson County. 



1840, 



Abraham 
voord. 



Van 



Sant-41— 42, John S. Condit. 

43—44, Edwin V. R, Wright. 



188 MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

1776 to 1844. 
Hunterdon County. 

1776—81, John Stevens. 22—23, John Cavanagh. 

82, Joseph Reading-. 26—29, George Maxwell. 

83-84, Philemon Dickinson. 30, Thomas Capner. 

85—88, Robert-Lettis Hooper. 31— 32, Peter I. Clark. 

89, Benjamin Van Cleve. 33, Alexander Wurts. 



90—1804, John Lambert. 
05—06, John Wilson. 
06—14, John Haas. 

15, Aaron Vansyckle. 
16—19, 21, 24—25, 

EInathan Stevenson. 

20, Thomas Prall. 



34, Nathaniel Saxton. 
35, 42—44, William Wilsoi, 

36, Henry S. Hunt. 
37—38, Joseph Moore. 

39, James Snyder. 
40—41, John Lilly. 



1838—39, Charles G. 
ney. 



Mercer County. 

McChes-40 — 41, James White. 

42 — 44, George Woolsey. 



Middlesex County. 

1776, John Wetherill. 13, John Neilson. 

77—79, Jonathan Deare. 18, John N. Simpson. 

80, 83, 88, Benjamin Manning. 19, 21, 27—28, James T. Dunn. 
81—82, 1806, John Beatty. 23—24, 26, 30, 



84—85, 96, 

Samuel Fitz - Ran- 
dolph. 
86—87, 89—94, 

Samuel Randolph. 
95, 97, 99—1806, 

Eptiraim Martin. 
98, 1820, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 

07, 09, 14—17, 22, 

Ercuries Beatty. 

08, 10, 12—13, 

James Schureman. 
11, John James. 



Robert McChesney. 
25, William Edgar. 

29, James Cook. 

30, Samuel Edgar. 

32, John T. McDowell. 

33, Josiah B. Howell. 

34, Andrew Snowhill. 

35, John Perrine, Jr. 
36—38, 41, 

George T. McDowell. 
39—40, David B. Appleget. 
42 — 44, Abraham W. Brown. 



Monmouth County. 



1776, Nathaniel Scudder. 
77—79, Joseph Holmes. 
80—83, 8&-92, 95, 

Elisha Lawrence. 

84, John Imlay. 

85, David Forman. 
86—88, 99, Asher Holmes. 
93—94, 1812—13, 

Thomas Henderson. 
96—98, Elisha Walton. 

1800, John Lloyd. 
01—07, Thomas Little. 

08, William Lloyd. 

09, John A. Scudder. 



10—11, 13—21, Silas Crane. 

22, William Andrews. 
23—24, William I. Bowne. . 
25, 28—29, William I. Emley. 
26—27, Henry D. Polhemus. 

30, Samuel G. Wright. 
31, 34, John Patterson. 
32—33, Daniel Holmes. 
35 — 36, Thomas Aarowsmith. 

37, William L. Dayton. 
38—39, Benjamin Oliphant. 

40, Peter Vredenburgh, Jr 
41 — 44, James Patterson. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

1776 to 1844. 

Morris County. 



189 



1776—80, Silas Condict. 23—27, 

81—84, John Carle, 28—30, 

85, John-Cleve Symmes. 31—32, 

86—88, 93—94. 96—1800, 33, 

Abraham Kitchel. 34, 

89—90, William Woodhull. 35—36, 

91—92, 95, Ellis Cook. 37—38, 

1801—06, David Welsh. 39, 

07—14, Benjamin Ludlow. 42, 

15—22, Jesse Upson. 43—44, 



Silas Cook. 
Edward Condict. 
40 — 41, James Wood. 
Mahlon Dickerson. 
William Monro. 
Jephthah B. Munn. 
William Brittin. 
Jacob W. Miller. 
Ezekiel B. Gaines. 
John H. Stansborough 



Passaic County, 



1837—38, Andrew Parsons. 
39—40, Nathaniel Board. 
41, Silas E. Canfleld. 



42, William Deckey. 
43—44, Silas D. Canfleld. 



Salem County. 



1776, 78—79, 19, 

Andrew Sinnickson. 23, 40, 

77, Edward Keasby. 24—25, 

80, 82, 86, Whitten Cripps. 26—28, 

81, 83—84, John Holme. 29, 
85, 87—93, John Mayhew. 30, 
94r-96, Thomas Sinnickson. 31, 
97—99, 1801—04, 33, 

William Parret. 34, 37, 

1800, William Wallace. 35, 

04, 06-07, Jacob Hufty. 36, 

05—06, 09—13, Isaiah Shinn. 38—39, 

08, Samuel Ray. 41, 

13—17, Jedediah Dubois. 42, 

18, 20—22, John Dickinson. 43—44, 



Hedge Thompson. 
Josiah M. Reeve. 
Zacheus Ray. 
32, Israel R. Clawson. 
Philip Freas. 
James Newell. 
Henry Freas. 
Charles Swing. 
William F. Reeve. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Thomas Yarrow. 
John A. Lambert. 
Robert New^ell. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 



Somerset County. 



1776, William Paterson. 
77, 93 — 97. James Linn. 

78, Abraham Van-Neste. 
79, 81—89, Ephraim Martin. 

80, John Witherspoon. 
90—92, Frederick Frelinghuy. 

sen. 
98—1804, Peter De Vroom. 
04, Henry Vanderveer. 



05-13, 15—19, 

John Frelinghuysen. 
14, 26—29, Andrew Howell. 
20—25, Peter I. Stryker. 
30—34, James S. Green. 

35, William Thompson. 
36—38, Walter Kirkpatrick. 

39, Augustus R. Taylor. 
40—41, Joseph W. Scott. 
42 — 44, George H. Brown. 



190 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

1776 to 1844. 

Sussex County. 



1776, 80, John-Cleves Symmes. 19— 20, 
77, 84—85, 89—90, 21, 

Robert Hoops. 22, 

78—79, Robert Ogden. 23—24, 

81—83, Hugh Hughes. 25—26, 
86—88, Mark Thomson. 27, 

91—99, Charles Beardslee. 28—31, 
1800—04, William McCullough. 32, 

04, John Linn. 33—34, 

05—06, George Bidleman. 37—38, 

06, Jacob S. Thomson. 39—40, 

07—13, Barnabus Swayze. 41—42, 

13—15, William Kennedy. 43—44, 
16—18, Thomas Vankirk. 



Robert W. Rutherford. 
William T. Anderson. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
Jacob Thompson. 
Thomas C. Ryerson. 
Samuel Fowler. 

35, David Ryerson. 
Peter Merkel. 

36, Samuel Price. 
Richard R. Morris. 
Daniel Haines. 
Alexander Boyles. 
Benjamin Hamilton. 



Warren County. 



1825, Jacob Thompson. 
26—28, Jeremy Mackey. 
29—30, Jonathan Bobbins. 

31, Samuel Wilson. 
32—33, Charles Carter. 



34—35, Charles Sitgreaves. 
36—39, Robert H. Kennedy. 

40, Caleib H. Valentine. 

41, Henry H. Van Ness. 
42—44, Charles J. Ihrie. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 191 

MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 

1776 to 1844. 



Atlantic County. 

1837, Joseph Endicott. 40—41, Joseph S. Read. 

38—39, Robert B. Risley. 42—44, Geofge Wheaton. 

Bergen County. 

1776, Peter Zabriskie. 16—17, Jacob Banta. 

76, 83, Theunis Dey. 16—17, CorneUus Merseiles. 

76, 84, 86, David Board. 16, 21—22, Jreter Sip. 
77—78, Joast Beam. 18, Casparus Prior. 

77, 81, Garret Leydecker. 18, 24, Nathaniel Board. 

77, 82, 87—89, 1815, 19—20, 25—26, 29, 

John Cutwater. Cornelius Van Winkle. 

78—81, 87, Peter Wilson. 19, Silas Brinkerhoof. 

78, 97—1804, Thomas Blanch. 20, Sebe Brinkerhoof. 

79, Robert Morris. 21—23, John Westervelt, Jr. 
79—83, Isaac Blanch. 22—23, 25—27, David I. Christie 

80, Gabriel Ogden. 23—24, Garret Ackerson. 
82—83, 87, 94—95, Adam Boyd. 24, John Van Waggoner. 
84—86, 92, 96, 1810—11, 25, Henry B. Hagerman. 

Jacob Terhune (Ter- 26, Charles Kinsey. 
heun). 27, 30, Peter J. Terhune. 

84, Edow Merseallus. 27, Cornelius D. Van 

85, Abraham Blauvelt. Riper. 

85—86, 88—90, 93, Isaac Nicoll. 28, Christian Zabriskie. 
88—90, 93, John (A.) Benson. 28, Peter C. Westervelt. 

90—91, Edmund W. Kingsland28— 29, Andrew P. Hopper. 
91, 95, John Haring. 29—30, John Ward. 

91—92, 96, Henry Berry. 30, 33, Samuel R. Demarest. 

92—94, 96—1802, 04-06, 31, Garret Sip. 

Peter Ward. 31, Andrew H. Hopper. 

94, William M. Bell. 31, John R. Blauvelt. 

95, Benjamin Blaclidge. 32—33, Garret P. Hopper. 
97—98, Robert Campbell. 32—33, John M. Cornelison. 
99—1801, John Dey. 32, Samuel Demarest. 
02—04, 06, Isaac Kipp. 34, John F. Hopper. 
03—04, Martin I. Ryerson. 34—35, Abraham Lydecker. 
04—06, 08—09, Adrian Post. 34, Peter I. Ackerman. 
05—06, Odonijah Schuyler. 35, 36, Michael Saunier. 
06—07, 09—11, William Colfax. 35, John H. Hopper. 

07, John Vanhorn. 36, Henry Doremus. 

07, Abraham Forshee. 36, Jetur R. Riggs. 

08, 14—17, Albert C. Zabriskie. 37— 38, David D. Van Bussum. 
08-09, 18, John Hopper. 37—38, Albert G. Dydecker. 

10—11, 13, John A. Westervelt37— 38, John Cassedy. 
12—13, Martin Van Houten. 39—40, John G. Ackerson. 
12—13, 19, Caspartxs Bogart. 39, Albert G. Doremus. 

12—13, Thomas Dickerson. 39—40, Albert J. Terhune. 

14, Richard Cadmus. 41 — 42, James I. Demarest. 

14, Jacob K. Mead. 41-42, John H. Zabriskie. 
15, 20-21, Charles Board. 43-44, William G. Hopper. 

15, Garret A. Lydacker. 43—44, Jacob C. Terhune. 



192 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 

1776 to 1844. 

Biirling^ton County. 



1776—77, Peter Tallman. 21—24, 

76, 78, 83, Caleb Shreve. 21—23, 

76, Joseph Newbold. 22, 

77, Samuel Rogers. 23—24, 
77—82, Thomas Fenimore. 25—27, 
78—79, Josiah Foster. 25—27, 
79, 85—90, Joseph Biddle. 25—28, 

80, William Trent. 28—30, 

80, William Hough. 28, 

81—83, Israel Shreve. 28, 

81, 83, 90—92, 95, 29, 

George Anderson. 29, 

82, Thomas Reynolds. 30, 

84, James Klnsey. 30—35, 

84, Cleayton Newbold. 30, 
84—85, 87, Richard S. Smith. 30—32, 

85, Joseph Smith. 

86, David Ridgway. 31—32, 
86, Uriah Woolman. 31—32, 

87—89, Robert-Strettle Jones. 31—32, 
88—90, Daniel Newbold. 31, 

91, Joshua M. Wallace. 32—34, 
91, Caleb Newbold. 33, 

92, 1801—04, John Lacey. 33, 

92—93, Thomas Hollenshead. 33—34, 
93—96, Samuel Hough. 33, 

93, Henry Ridgway. 34, 

94, Joseph Stokes. 34, 
94, John Van Emburgh. 34, 

95—96, Stacy Biddle. 35—36, 

96—1804, 06—09, 16—17, 35—36, 

WilUam Coxe, Jr. 35—36, 
97, 1820—22, Thomas Newbold. 35— 36, 
97—1801, Job Dippincott. 36, 

97—1800, 02—07, 37—38, 

William Stockton. 37—38, 

98, Joseph Budd. 37, 

99—1804, 08—17, 19, 37, 

William Pearson. 38—39, 
1804—11, 13—14, William Irick. 38, 

04—06, Isaac Cowgill. 39—41, 

04—13, Caleb Earle. 39—41, 

10—15, Charles Ellis. .39—40, 

12—17, Samuel J. Read. 40—41, 

15—16, William Reeve. 41—42, 

17—19, 24, John Evans, Jr. 42—44, 
18—19, 23—24, William Griffith. 42— 44, 

18—19, John Newbold. 42—44, 

18, Samuel Haines. 42, 

20, George Hulme. 43—44, 

20—22, 25—27, Gershom Mott. 43—44, 

20, William Stockton, Jr. 



Richard L. Beatty. 
William Woolman. 
Samuel Deacon. 
Jonathan Hough. 
29, Joshua S. Earl. 
Isaiah Toy. 
37—11, John Emley. 
Samuel Black. 
Philip F. Howell. 
Richard Eayre. 
John Warren. 
Charles M. Wells. 
Charles Stokes. 
George Deacon. 
Richard Campion. 
Benjamin H. Lippin- 

cott. 
Joshua Wright, Jr. 
Benjamin Shreve, Jr. 
William R. Allen. 
Samuel Black. 
Israel Biddle. 
John H. Rulon. 
Zebedee M. Wills. 
Isaac Hilliard. 
George Black. 
Benjamin Fish. 
Amos Stiles. 
Thomas Page, M. D. 
Anderson Lalor. 
Moses Wills. 
Thomas F. Budd. 
Benjamin Davis. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Jesse Richards. 
Amos W. Archer. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Phineas S. Bunting. 
Bowes Reed Brown. 
William W. Norcross. 
William Black. 
Levi Borton. 
Elihu Mathis. 
Isaac Stokes. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
John C. Deacon. 
Benjamin Ridgway. 
Joseph Satterthwait. 
Thomas Harrison. 
Thomas Harris. . 
Isaiah Adams. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 
1776 to 1844. 
Cape May County. 



193 



1776, Eli Eldridge. 
76, Joseph Savage. 
76—77, Hugh Hathorne. 

77, 79, 84, Henry- Young Town.- 

send. 
77—78, 80—81. 

Jeremiah Eldredge. 

78, John Hand. 

78, 81, 87—88, 90—96, 

Richard Townsend. 

79, James Whilden. 

79, Jonathan Learning. 
80, 83, Joseph Hildreth. 
80—82, 86—88, 91—93, 1804, 

Matthew Whilden. 
82—83, 85—86, John Baker. 
82, 84—92, 96, 98. 

Elijah Townsend. 
84, Levi Eldredge (Re- 
signed). 
85, 89—90, Nezer Swain. 
89, Eli Townsend. 
93, Ebenezer Newton. 



94, David Johnston. 
94—95, Eleazer Hand. 

95, Reuben Townsend. 

96, 99, 1801, Abijah Smith. 

97, 1800, Persons Leaming. 
1802—04, 10, Joseph Falkin- 

burge. 
05—07, 09, 12—13, 

Thomas H. Hughes. 
06, 08, 11, 15—17, 18-19, 22, 

Nicholas Willits. 

13, Joshua Swain. 

14, Robert M. Holmes. 
20—21, 23, 26, 28—29, 

Joshua Townsend. 
24—25, 27, Israel Townsend. 
30 — 33, Jeremiah Leaming. 
.34—35, Richard Thomson, 
36 — 37, Amos Corson. 
38—39, Thomas P. Hughes. 
40 — 41, Maurice Beesley. 
42—44, Reuben Willets. 



Cumberland County. 



1776—77, 82—84, 86-87, 92, 03-04, 

Ephraim Harris. 04, 

76, 78, 82—83, 85—86. 96, 99, 1800,05—06, 

Jonathan Bowen. 05 — 06, 

76—78, John Buck. 06, 16, 

77, 94, Ephraim Seeley. 06—07, 
78—79, James Ewing. 07—08, 
79, 91—93, Joel Fithian. 08—09, 

79, Timothy Elmer. 

80, Thomas Ewing. 09—15, 
80, Samuel Ogden. 10, 

80, Ladis Walling. 12—13, 
81—83, Joshua Ewing. 14, 

81, Joshua Brick. 15—16, 
81, Josiah Seeley. 15, 17, 
84, William Kelsey. 16, 18, 

84—85, 87—89, 91—92, 17—18, 

John Burgin. 18—19, 

85—88, John Sheppard. 19—23, 

88—89, Eli Elmer. 

89—91, 93—95, 1817, 19, 20—23, 

Ebenezer Elmer. 22, 

90, 1800, Richard Wood, Jr. 23—25, 

93, 96—97, David Moore. 24, 

94—95, Benjamin Peck. 25, 
95, Ebenezer Seeley. • 26—29, 

96—97, James Harris. 26—28, 

98, Isaac Wheaton. 29, 

98, John Sheppard, Jr. 29, 

99—1802, George Burgin. 30—31, 

1801—04, Azel Pierson. 30, 
IS 



Robert Smith. 
Abijah Davis. 
James Lee. 
Jedediah Ogden. 
James D. Westcott. 
Benjamin Champneys. 
Jonathan Moore. 
11, 13, 

Ephraim Bateman. 
Daniel Richman. 
Isaac Watts Crane. 
Stephen Willis. 
Thomas Lee. 

20, 24, Nathan Leake. 
John S. Wood. 
Daniel Parvin. 
John Sibley. 

21, John Lanning, Jr. 
25—28, 30, 

William B. Ewing. 
Lucius Q. C. Elmer. 
J. Mayhew. 
Ishrael Stratton. 
George Souder. 
Edmund Sheppard. 
Nathaniel Foster. 
36, Elias P. Seeley. 
Philip Fithian. 
Michael Swing. 
Jeremiah Stratton. 
William D. Barrett. 



194 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 



37, 



31—32, John Lanning-. 

31, Henry Shaw. 
32, 43—44, Josiah Shaw. 

32, Reuben Hunt. 

33, Jeremiah Stull. 
33, Noah W. Flanagan 
33, William Lore. 

34—36, Thomas E. Hunt. 
34—35, 39, Isaac Newcomb. 
34, 39, Ephraim H. Whitaker 42, 
(Whitecar). 42, 

36, Peter Ladow. 43—44, 

37, Noah W. Flanagin. 43—44, 
37, Samuel Bowen. 



38—39, 
38, 
40, 
40—41, 
40^1, 
41, 
42, 



David Whitaker 
(Whitecar). 
Belford M. Bonham. 
David Jones. 
Lewis Rice. 
Benjamin F. Chew, 
William P. Seeley. 
Elmer Ogden. 
Thomas Ware. 
Joseph Butcher. 
John R. Cory. 
Daniel L. Burt. 
Joseph Taylor. 



E.ssex County. 



1776, 83—85, Abraham Clark. 
76—82, 93, Caleb Camp. 
76, 82—88, Henry Garritse. 

77, Edward Fleming. 
77—79, 81, Jacob Brookfield. 
78, 82, Isaac Woodruff. 
79—80, Josiah Hornblower. 
80, 82—83, 85-86, 89, 93, 
Daniel Marsh, 
81, Samuel Potter. 
84, John Peck. 
86—87, 90, Jonathan Dayton. 
87—90, 94^97, Jonas Wade. 
88—89, John Condit. 

90, Abraham Ogden. 
91—92, 94—96. Elias Dayton. 
91—92, Matthias Williamson 
91—92, Israel Hedden. 
93, 96, 98—1800, 06-07, 

Abraham Spear. 
94—95, James Hedden. 
97—99, William S. 
ton. 
97, Stansbury Recompence 
98—1800, 05—06, 09. 16, 

Charles Clark. 
1800—01, Jabez Parkhurst. 
01, 04, 06, 10, 

Amos Harrison. 
01, Ralph Post. 
02—04, 07. 10, 24, 28. 

Abraham Godwin. 
02—04, 08—09, 13, 15, 17-18, 

Israel Day. 
02—04, Ezra Darby. 
04, 06, James Willcock. 
04, 06—09, Silas Whitehead. 
05-^6, 10—15, 20—23, 25, 

Samuel Pennington. 
05—06, Moses Jacques. 
05—06, 17—18, William Gould 
07, Abraham Vanhouten 



08—09, 19, Nathan Squier. 
08, Andrew Wilson. 

10, Joseph Quinby. 

11, Thaddeus Mills. 
11, 14, Samuel Condit. 

11, Abraham Ackerman. 
12—13, 19, Charles Kinsey. 
12—14, James Wilson. 
12—13, 16, Silas Condit. 
14 — 15, Jonathan Dayton. 
15—16, 20, 22—23, John Dow. 

16, Isaac H. Williamson. 
17—19, Thomas T. Kinney. 
17—23, Samuel B. Miller. 
20, 26—27, Stephen D. Day. 
21—22, Philemon Dickerson. 

21, Caleb Halstead. 

23, 25, John Mann. 

24, Francis C. F. Ran- 
dolph. 

24, 26—27, Amzi Dodd. 
Penning- 24— 26, 28, William Stites. 

25, John Travers. 

26, Brant Van Blarcom. 

27, Oliver S. Halsted. 
27—28, Dennis Coles. 

28, William Pennington. 

29, Joseph C. Hornblower. 
29, John J. Chetwood. 
29, John Vail. 

29, Luther Little. 
30, 33, Cornelius G. VanRiper. 
30—32, John J. Baldwin. 
30—32, Ira F. Randolph. 

30, Moses Smith. 
30, Stephen J. Meeker. 

31—32, David Martin. 
31—32, John P. Jackson. 
31—32, William Dickey. 
33—34, Asa Whitehead. 
33—34, John J. Bryant. 
33, Robert Morrell. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 
1776 to 1844. 



195 



33—34, 
34—35, 

34, 
35—36, 
35—36, 
35—36, 
35 — 36, 
36—37, 

37, 
37—38, 



6i- 



-38, 

37, 

38—39, 

38—39, 

38, 



Gideon Ross. 39—40, 

Andrew Parsons. .39 — 40, 

Jonas Smith. 40 — 41, 

Jacob Flatt. 40—41, 

Joseph N. Tuttle. 40—41, 
James W. Wade. 

John J. Chetwood. 41—44, 

Wilham J. Pierson. 41, 

Stephen Dod. 41—42, 
Alexander C. M. Pen-41— 42, 

nington. 42 — 44, 

John Littell. 42—44, 

Israel Crane. 42—44, 

Edward Sanderson. 42 — 44, 

William Stites. 43—44, 

Abraham V. Spear. 43—44, 



James H. Robinson. 
Samuel H. Gardner. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Alexander Wilson. 
Benjamin F. Brook- 
field. 
Stephen Congar. 
Jonas Smith. 
David B. Lum. 
Jabez Cook. 
Lemuel W. Jacobus. 
Jotham Potter. 
Samuel C. Smith. 
Jephtha Baldwin. 
Isaac Van Wagenan. 
John Runyon. 



Gloucester County. 



OS, 



12- 
12- 
12- 
13- 



(Re- 



76, 92, Richard Somers. 

76, Robert F. Price. 

76, 1801, Isaac Mickle. 

77, 78, Elijah Clark. 

77, John Wilkins, Jr. 
77, Isaac Tomlinson. 

78, 81—85, 87—93, 1803—04, 

Joseph Cooper. 
79—80, John Sparks. 

79, Joseph Low. 
79 — 80, Thomas Rennard. 

80, Isaac Kay. 
81-83, 90, Samuel Hugg. 
78, 81—85, Joseph Ellis 

signed). 
84—88, 90—91. Thomas Clark. 

85, David Davis. 
86—89, Franklin Davenport. 

86, John Kille. 
89, 93, 95—97, 1800, 02, 

Abel Clement. 
91—94, John Blackwood. 

94, Benjamin Whitall. 
94, 99, Thomas Wilkins. 
95—97, 1800—02. 

Samuel French. 
95—96, Thomas Somers. 

97, Daniel Leeds. 
98—99. Joshua L. Howell. 
98—1802. Samuel W. Harrison 

98, James Wilkins. 29- 
1803—06. Robert Newell. 30- 
03—04, 15—16, Richard Risley. 30- 
05—06, Reuben Clark. 
05—06, Samuel G. Champion. 31- 
06, 10—11, Matthew Gill. 31- 
€6—07, 10, Michael C. Fisher. 
07—08, 11, Jacob Glover. 32, 
07—08, 10. Benjamin Rulon. 33- 
08—09, Thomas Doughty. 



11, Joseph V. Clark. 

09, John Brick. 
-17, Isaac Pine. 
-13, Joseph C. Swett. 
-13, Daniel Carrell. 
-14, 24, 26, Charles French 
(Jun.). 

14, Nicholas Rape. 
-17, Edward Sharp. 

23, 28, John Estile (Estill). 

24, 26, Daniel Lake. 
-19, Samuel Kille. 

18, Samuel L. Howell. 

19, Jeremiah J. Foster. 

19, Thomas Garwood. 

20, Jehu Wilson. 
20, William Tatem. 

20, 23, John Moore White. 
21—22, 25, 33, 34, 

John R. Scull. 

21, 23, 28. 
Charles C. Stratton. 

22, Joseph Kaighn. 
22, Isaac Mickle, Jr. 
-25, Benjamin B. Cooper. 
24, Thomas Chapman. 
-27, Thomas Bee. 
-28, 37—38, Joseph Porter. 
29, John W. Mickle. 

29, Isaac Hinchman. 
-30, Japhet Ireland. 
-31, Jacob ti-owey. 
-31, 38—40, Charles Reeves. 

30, Robert L. Armstrong. 
-32, Charles F. Wilkins. 
-32, Samuel B. Westcott. 

32, John Gill, Jr. 
38—40, Elijah Bower. 
-35, Joseph Rogers. 

33, Jesse Smith. 



21—; 

24- 

26- 
27- 
27, 



196 MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 

1776 to 1844. 

33—35, William R. Cooper. 41, Joseph L. Pierson. 

34— .35, Samuel B. Lippencott. 41—42, Thomas H. Whitney. 

35, Joseph Endicott. 41, John B. Miller. 
.36—38, Joseph W. Cooper. 41, Charles Knight. 
36—37, James W. Caldwell. 42, Samuel C. Allen. 
36—37, David C. Ogden. 42, Charles H. French. 

36, John Richards. 43—44, Nathan T. Stratton. 
39—40, Joseph Franklin. 43—44, Thomas B. Wood. 
39—40, 42, Richard W. Snow- 43— 44, Benjamin Harding. 

den. 43 — 44, Samuel W. Cooper. 

Hudson County. 

1840, John S. Condi t. 43—44, Benjamin F. Welch. 

41—42, Abraham L. Van Bos- 
kerck. 

Hunterdon County. 

1776—78, John Hart. 07—11, 21, Moses Stout. 

76, 81, John Mehelm. 09—11, 22, James J. Wilson. 
76, Charles Cope. 10, Elnathan Stevenson. 

77—78, 82, Nehemiah Dunham. 11, Thomas Prall, Jr. 

77, 79—81, 83—88, 91—93, 95—98,12—13, William Potts. 
1800, 02, 12—13, David Manners. 

Benjamin Van Cleve. 12—13, Benjamin Wright. 

78, David Chambers. 13—14, Edward Yard. 
79—80, Jared Sexton, 13—14, Samuel Barber. 

79, William Gano. 13-14, John Opdycke. 
80—85, 88, John Lambert. 15—16, John Farlee. 
82—84, Samuel Tucker. ' 15—17, William Nixon. 
85—87, Joab Houghton. 15—16, 18—20, 23, 
86—87, 89—90, 94, Abraham Stout. 

John Anderson. 16—17, Thomas Prall. 

88, Robert Taylor. 17—18, Robert McNeely. 

89, Joshua Corshen. 18—19, 27—29, Isaac G. Farlee, 
89, Charles A2i:ford. 18—23, George Maxwell. 

90—92, Thomas Lowrey. 19, 21, Isaac Taylor. 
90, 92, John Taylor. 20, Israel Taylor. 

91, Aaron D. Woodruff. 20—21, 25—27, Thomas Capner. 
93—98, 1800, 02, 22, Levi Knowles. 

Simon Wyckoff. 22, 27, Garret D. Wall. 

93, Samuel Stout. 23—28, 30—32, Enoch Clifford. 

94—95, David Frazer, 23—24, David Johnston. 

96-97, 99—1800, 02, 24—26, Asa C. Dunham. 

Stephen Burrows. 24, 28—31, Alexander Wurts. 

97, Samuel R. Stewart. 25—26, 30, 33, John Barton. 

98, Joseph Beavers. 28—29, Stacy G. Potts. 
98—99, 1801, 03—08, 29, Gabriel Hoff. 

Joseph Hankinson. 30—33, Edward S. Mcllvaine. 
99—1801, 03—06, 17, John Haas. 30— 32, 34—35, 

99, John Lequear. William Marshall. 
1801, 03—06, Nathan Stout. 31—32, Cornelius Ludlow. 
01—03, Peter Gordon, 33—34, William H. Sloan. 

04, Hugh Runyon. 33—34, Sutphin Garrison. 

04, Ellett Tucker. 33, Andrew Weart. 

05—06, 08, Joshua Wright. 33—34, John W. Kline. 
06—14, Aaron Vansyckle. 34, William McKee. 

07, John Dowers. 35—36, Joseph Brown. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



197 



1776 to 1S44. 



35—37, John Hall. 39—40, 

35—36, Wilson Bray. 39—40, 

35— 3G, John Blane. 41, 

36, Andrew Larason. 41—42, 

37, James A. Phillips. 

37—38, David Neighbour. 41—42, 

37, 43—44, Jonathan Pickel. 41—42, 

37, John H. Huffman. 43—44, 
38—40, Philip Hiler. 43-44, 

38, James Snyder. 43—44, 



George Servis. 
Joseph Exton. 
Jonathan Dawes. 
Leonard H. Flomer- 

felt. 
John B. Mattison. 
Isaac R. Srope. 
John Swackhamer. 
John H. Case. 
Joseph Johnson. 



fiercer County. 

1838-39, Josiah S. Worth. 41—42, John B. Mount. 

38, Robert C. Hutchinson. 42, Isaac Batten, 
39—40, William Rosco. 42, Henry W. Green. 

40, James Wilson. 43—44, Israel J. Woodward. 

41, Isaac Baker. 43—44, Richard J. Bond. 
41, Isaac W. Lanning. 43—44, John Lowry. 



MiddlcMex County. 



06—10, 



1776, 82—88, 91, 99, 1802, 

John Combs. 
1776, Daniel Moores. 
70—78, 94—95, 99, 

Benjamin Manning. 

77, 79, Matthias Baker. 

77, Jacob Vandike. 

78, 80, Jacob Schenck. 

78, Ebenezer Ford. 

79, John Neilson. 
79, Thomson Stelle. 

80—82, Jacob Suydam. 

80, 88, Melancthon Freeman. 

81, Jacob Martin. 
81—82, John Conger. 
83—85, 88, James Schuurman. 20—26, 

83, Samuel Fitz-Randolph 

84, Moses Bloomfield. 
85—86, 87, 89, James Bonney. 
86—87, James Douglass. 

89, John Beatty. 
89—90, 92—93, 96, 98, 

Thomas McDowell. 
90—95, Peter Vredenbergh. 
90—92, John Runyan. 

93, John Rattoone. 
94 — 98, James Morgan. 

96, Joseph F. Randolph. 
97—1804, Gershom Dunn. 

97, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 
1800, 14—15, William Edgar. 
1800—01, John Neilson. 
01—06, 12—13, 20, 

Erkuries Beatty, 
03—10, 12—13, James Voorhees34— 35, 
05—06, Andrew Elston, 34—35. 



06—07, 

08—10, 

11, 

11, 

11, 17, 

14—15, 

14, 

16, 

16—18, 

17—18, 

19, 25, 

19, 21- 

19—22, 



23—24, 

23—24, 

27—28, 

28, 

29, 

29, 

29, 

30—31, 

30—31, 

31—32, 

32, 



32, 



33, 
33- 



32, 
34, 
33, 
33, 
36, 
-34. 



12—13, 15—16, 18, 27, 
James Parker. 
Alexander Dunn, 
George Boice. 
John Brewster. 
John L. Anderson, 
26, James T. Dunn. 
John N. Simpson. 
Alexander Dunn. 
Hezekiah Smith, 
Allison Ely. 
Frazee Ayres. 
27—28, Charles Carson. 
-22, Samuel Edgar. 
25—26, James Cook, 
30—31, 

John T. McDowell. 
James F. Randolph. 
David Schenck. 
Andrew Snowhill, 
Nicholas Booraexn. 
Littleton Kirkpatrick. 
Abraham Cruser. 
Josiah B. Howell. 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Charles G. McChesney. 
David W, Vail. 
John H. Disborough. 
Simeon Mundy, 
Henry Vandyke. 
John M. Tufts. 
Abraham W. Brown. 
Samuel C. Johnes. 
37, Richard S. Field.. 
Ralph M. Crowell. 
Elias Runyon. 



198 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 

35—38, George P. Malleson. 40—41, 

85, George T. McDowell. 40, 

36, Thompson Edgar. 40, 

36, William C. Alexander. 41, 

37—38, David B. Appleget. 41, 

37—39, Lewis Golding. 42—44, 

88, 40, Adam Lee. 42, 

39, Frederick Richmond. 42—44, 

39, 41, David Dunn. 42—44, 

39, Cornelius C. Cruser. 43—44, 



John Acken. 
Israel R. Coriell. 
Dean Britton. 
Frazee Ayres. 
Aaron Gulick. 
John D. Field. 
Warren Brown. 
William Patterson. 
William L. Schenck. 
Joel B. Laing. 



Mon mouth County. 



177C, 81—82, 92, 20, 

John Covenhoven. 21—24, 

76, Joseph Holmes, Jr. 21—22, 

76—79, James Mott, Jr. 21—27, 
77—78, 86, Peter Schenck. 22, 

77—79, Hendrick Smock. 23, 

79—81, Thomas Seabrook. 24—26, 

80, Nathaniel Scudder. 24—30, 
80—84, Thomas Henderson. 27, 

82—85, Daniel Hendrickson. 28-30, 

83, Peter Covenhoven. 28, 

84—86, 94—95, Elisha Walton. 29—30, 

85—1801, Joseph Stillwell. 29—30, 

87—93, Thomas Little. 31, 33, 

87—89, James Rogers. 31—36, 
90—91, 93—96, John (H.) ImlaySl, 33- 

96, William Wickoff. 31, 83- 

97, 1808, Robert Montgomery. 32, 
97—1800, William Lloyd. 32, 

98, 1800, 08, David Gordon. 32, 
99, Edward Taylor. 34—36, 

1801—07, James Cox. 86, 

01—04, 10—11, Peter Knott. 87, 

01—07, John A. Scudder. 37, 

04—07, 09, Henry Tiebout. 37, 

08, 12—13, Tylee Williams. 37, 

09, Silas Crane, 88—89, 
09—10, 13—14, John S. Holmes. 38— 39, 

10—11, 13—14, 19—20, 38-39, 

Thomas Cox. 38—39, 
11, 13—14, James Anderson. 40, 

12—13, John Stillwell. . 40, 

12—13, 23, 25—28, James Lloyd. 40, 
15—16, George Holcombe. 40, 

15—18, 20, 41—44, 

Matthias Van Barkle. 

15—18, Reuben Shreve. 41-^4, 

17—19, 21. Charles Parker. 41—44, 

18—19, William Ten Eycke. 41—44, 

19, Jacob Butcher. 41—44, 

20, Samuel F. Allen. 



Isaac Hance. 

William I. Conover. 

Corlis Lloyd. 

John T. Woodhull. 

John J.' Ely. 

Cornelius Walling. 

Joseph Conover. 

James West. 

James Hopping. 

Daniel H. Ellis. 

Leonard Walling. 

Augustus W. Bermett. 

Ivins (W.) Davis. 

Benjamin Woodward. 

Annaniah Gifford. 
-35. Daniel B. Ryall. 
-36, Thomas G. Height. 

James S. Lawrence. 

Nicholas Van Wickle. 

Elisha Lippincott. 

William Burtis. 

Arthur V. Conover, 

Samuel Mairs. 

Edmund T. Williams. 

Thomas Miller. 

James Gulick. 

James Craig. 

Thomas E. Combs. 

William P. Forman. 

Garret Hiers. 

John Meirs. 

Henry W. Wolcott. 

James Grover. 

Charles Morris. 

Thomas C. Throck- 
morton. 

John R. Conover. 

Joseph Brinley. 

Benjamin L. Irons. 

Samuel R. Oliphant. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 
1776 to 1S44. 



199 



Morris County. 



177G— 78, Jacob Drake. 19—20, 

70—77, 79, 81—90, Ellis Cook. 20—21, 
76—77, William Woodhull. 

78—79, Abraham Kitchel. 20, 

78, 95, David Thomson. 22—23, 

79, Alexander Carmichael. 23— 26, 

80, William Winds. 24, 
80, John Carle. 25—26, 
80, Eleazer Lindsly. 25—27, 

81—82, 84, 86—90, 93—94, 97, 180126, 35, 

—04, 09, 27, 

Aaron Kitchel. 27, 

81—83, 85—88, 91, 95, 27, 

John Starke. 28—30, 

83, Jonathan Dickerson. 28—30, 

84—85, 89—90, Jacob Arnold. 28—30, 

91—94, 96—98, 1800, 31, 

Silas Condit. 31, 33- 

91—92, Hiram Smith. 31, 35, 

92, John Wurts. 32 

93—94, 96—97, 1800, 32 

David Welsh. 32 

95, John Debow. 33—34 

96, John Cobb. 33—35 
98—99, 1801—04, 33—34 

William Corwin. 35 

98—1800, Cornelius Voorhees. 36 

99, William Campfield. 36 

1802—04, Jonathan Ogden. 36 

04—06, Jesse Upson. 36 

05—09, Lewis Condict. 37—38 

05—06, George Tucker. 37—38 

06—08, Nicholas Neighbour. 37—38 

07—13, Stephen Dod. 37—38 

10—14, Jephthah B. Munn. 39—40 
10, 13—15, Nicholas Mande-39— 40 

ville. 39 

11—13, Mahlon Dickerson. 39—40 

13, 31, Leonard Neighbor. 40—41 

14—22, David Thompson, Jr. 41 

15—16, 19, Benjamin Condit. 41—42 

15—16, Ezekiel Kitchell. 41 

16—18, Samuel Halliday, 42 

17—18, John S. Darcy. 42 

17, 21—22, 24, 42—44 

Benjamin McCurry43 — 44 

(McCourry). 43—44, 

18—19, 21—24, 32, 43—44, 

William Brittin. 



Silas Cook. 
23, 28—30, 
William Monro. 
Benjamin Smith. 
25, Ebenezer F. Smith. 
George K. Drake. 
John Scott. 
Joseph Dickerson. 
Ephraim Marsh. 
John D. Jackson. 
David Mills. 
Stephen Thompson. 
Walter Kirkpatrick. 
Joseph Jackson. 
Charles Hillard. 
John Hancock. 
Elijah Ward. 
-34, Thomas Muir. 
James Cook. 
Samuel Beach. 
Jacob W. Miller. 
Joseph Smith. 
Joseph Dickerson, Jr. 
Henry Hilliard. 
Silas Lindsley. 
Isaac Quimby. 
John A. Bleeker. 
William Dellicker. 
Alexander Dickerson. 
William Logan. 
Lewis Condict. 
Silas Tuttle. 
Robert C. Stephens. 
Ezekiel B. Gaines. 
Abraham Brittin. 
Ebenezer F. Smith. 
Jacob Weise. 
Paul B. De Bow. 
James W. Drake. 
Samuel B. Halsey. 
William Stephens. 
Thomas C. Willis, 
Samuel C. Halsey. 
David T. Cooper. 
James Clark. 
John M. Losey. 
Samuel Willet. 
George Vail. 



Passaic County. 



1837, Aaron S. Pennington. 
37—38, Henry M. Brown. 
38—39, Elisha Clarke. 
39—40, John F. Ryerson. 

40, James Speer. 

41, George M. Ryerson.. 
41, Samuel A. Van Saun. 



42, Martin I. Ryerson. 
42, Adrian R. Van Hou- 
ten. 
43—44, William S. Hogen- 

camp. 
43—44, Thaddeus Board. 



200 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 
1776 to 1844. 



Saleiu County. 



1776, 86, 89, 18, 

Edmund Wetherby. 19, 

76, Samuel Dick. 20, 30, 

76, Elisha Basset, Jr. 20—21, 

77, 87—89, Benjamin Holme. 21, 23, 

77—79, Whitten Cripps. 21, 23, 

77, 82, 84—85, 87—88, 22, 

Thomas Sinnickson. 22, 

78, 80, Allen Congleton, Jr. 23, 
78—80, John Mayhew. 24—26, 

79, 82, 84—85, Anthony Sharp. 24—25, 

80, 84, William Smith. 24, 

81, 83, 86, 26, 

Ephraim Lloyd. 27, 29, 

81—82, 84—85, 87—89, 27, 

Edward Hall. 28, 

81, James James. 28, 

83, Thomas Norris. 28, 

86, 90—91, Samuel Sharp. 29, 

90, John Smith. 29, 31, 

90, Benjamin Cripps. 30, 

91, 93, Bateman Lloyd. 30, 
91—95, 98, John Sinnickson. 31, 
92—95, 1800, Eleazer Mayhew. 31, 

92, 94, Thomas Clement. 32, 
95—97, William Wallice. 32, 

96, William Parret. 32, 34, 

96, Gervas Hall. 33, 

97, Clement Hall. 33, 

97, 99. 1801, Artis Seagrave. 33, 

98, 1800, Anthony Keasby. . 34, 
98—99, Joseph Shinn. 34, 
99—1800, Isaac Moss. 35—36, 
1801—04, Edward Burroughs. 35, 
01—04, Merryman Smith. 35, 
02—04, Samuel Ray. 36, 
04—14, Jeremiah Dubois. 36, 
05—06, Charles Jones. 37, 
05—06, Hedge Thompson. 37, 42, 
06—08, Daniel Garrison. 38, 

06, Daniel Tracy. 38—39, 

07—08, Nathan Bassett. 38—39, 

09—10, 17, Philip Ctirriden. 39, 

09, 11, John Smith. 40, 

10, Samuel Miller. 40, 

11, Anthony Nelson. 40, 
12—13, Robert H. VaJi Meter. 41, 
12—15, 19, James Newell. 41, 
13—14, John Dickinson. 41, 
13, 26—27, Henry Freas. 42, 
15—16, Joseph Kille. 42, 

15, 19—20, 22, Morris Hancock. 43— 44, 
16—18, Stacy Lloyd. 43—44, 

16, 18, John Mayhew. 43—44, 
17, Peter Bilderback. 



Thomas Yarrow. 
Thomas Murphy. 
Zaccheus Ray. 
John G. Mason. 
25, Robert G. Johnson. 
Abraham Sv/ing. 
Jonathan Richman. 
John Sinnickson. 
Aaron O. Dayton. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Israel R. Clawson. 
Samuel Clement. 
Benjamin Archer. 
William N. Jeffers. 
Thomas Sinnickson. 
Edward Smith. 
Jeremiah Foster. 
William J. Shinn. 
Jacob Wick. 
David Hurley. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 
John Summerill. 
James Butcher. 
Isaac Johnson. 
Anthony Nelson, 
James W. Mulford. 
37, Isaac Johnson, 2nd. 
Nehemiah Garrison. 
Richard P. Thompson. 
Jacob Hitchner. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Joseph Lippencott. 
Hudson A. Springer. 
Thomas J. Yorke. 
William Cook. 
Woodnut Petit. 
H. J, Fries. 
John Hall. 
John W. Maskell. 
Joseph Hancock. 
John Sumerille, Jr. 
Moses Richman, Jr. 
David Hurley. 
John Dickinson. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Alexander G. Cattell. 
John G. Balllnger. 
William H. Nelson. 
Thomas Flanagan. 
Nathaniel Robbins, Sr. 
Thomas Dickinson, Jr. 
Samuel Capner. 
Allen Wallace. 
Thomas Bilderback. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 
• 1776 to 1844. 
Somerset County. 



201 



1776, Jacob Bogart. 1804, 16— ID, 22—23, 

76, Alexander MacEowen. James Stryker 

76, Reoloff Vandike. 04 
77—78, William-C h u r c h i 1 105—10 

Houston. 07 

77, Alexander KirkpatrickOS— 10 
77—79, Reoloff Sebring. 13—15 
78, 80—81, 84, David Klrkpat-13— 19 

rick. 15 

79—88, 94, Edward Bunn. 16 

79, Henry Vandike. 17—19 

80, 84, Christopher Hoagland.20— 21 

81—82, John Schuurman. 20—25 

82, Deick Longstreet. 20—21 

83, Cornelius Ten-Broeck. 22 

83, 89, John Witherspoon. 24—27 

84, 1800—04, 26—27 

Frederick Frelinghuy-28— 29 

sen. 28 

85—89, 92, 28 

Robert Blaire (Blair). 29—31 

85-87, David Kelley. 30—31 

88, John Hardenbergh. 32—34 

89, 1812—13, 32—34 

Jacob R. Hardenburgh32— 34 

90—91, 93, 95, Robert Stockton. 

90—91, 94—96, 1811-13, 26—27, 29,35—36 

Peter D. Vroom. 35 

90—91, James Linn. 36—38 

92, William Wallace. 36—38 
92—99, 1811, Henry Southard. 37—38 

93, Jonathan Ford Morris. 39 — 41 



96—1810, 12—14, 39—41 

James Van Duyn. 39 — 41 

97, John Stryker. 42—44 

98, David Kelly. 42—44 
99—1806. 11, 42—44 

William McEowen. 



John Annin. 
Peter I. Stryker. 
Samuel Swan. 
John N. Simpson. 
Samuel Bayard. 
Joseph Annin. 
Andrew Howell. 
Cornelius Van Horn. 
Martin Schenck. 
23—25, Dickinson Miller 
30—31, Jacob Kline. 
John H. Disborough. 
Henry Vanderveer. 
James S. Green. 
James D. Stryker. 
James S. Nevius. 
William C. Annin. 
John H. Voorhees. 
Ferdinand S. Schenck. 
35, William Cruser. 
John Brees. 
William D. Stewart. 
Cornelius L. Harden- 

burg. 
Nicholas C. Jobs. 
William D. McKissack 
David T. Talmage. 
Henry Duryee. 
Ralph Voorhees. 
Henry H. Wilson. 
Daniel Corj'. 
Arthur V. P. Sutphin. 
Samuel Reynolds. 
Peter Voorhees. 
Peter Kline. 



, Sussex County. 



1776—78. Casper Shaffer. 82-92, 

76, Abia Brown. • 83, 
76—77, Thomas Peterson. 84—89, 

77, John MacMurtie. 85—88, 

78, Jacob MacCollum. 

78, Benjamin MacCul-89— 90, 

lough. 90, 

79, Mark Thompson. 91—92, 
79, 81. Peter Hopkins. 

79, Anthony Broderick. 91—92, 

80, Edmund Martin. 

80, Hugh Hughes. 93—96, 

80, Samuel Kennedy. 

81, Joshua Swayze. 93—94, 
81—84, Isaac Van-Campen. 93—97, 

82, Isaac Martin. 95, 



Aaron Hankinson. 
William Maxwell. 
Charles Beardslee. 
Christopher L o n g - 

street. 
John Rutherford. 
Robert Ogden. 
William H e 1 m e s 

(Helms). 
Bidleman Voluntine 

(Valentine). 
99, William McCul- 

lough. 
Martin Ryerson. 
Peter Sharp. 
George Armstrong. 



202 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 
1776 to 1844. . 



96—97, Peter Smith. 20, 

97, Thomas Armstrong. 20, 
97—98. John GusHn. 20, 23, 
98—1800, Josepn Gaston. 21—22, 
98—1806, Levi Howell. 21—22, 

98, William Runkle. 

99—1802, Silas Dickerson. 21, 

1800, 04—06, 10—12, 21—22, 

Joseph Sharp. 23, 

01—04, John Linn. 23, 25- 

01—04, Abraham Shaver. 24, 

03—04, John Johnson. 24, 

04^06, 08—11, 24, 

William Kennedy. 25, 

05—06, William Armstrong. 26—27, 

06—08, Henry Hankinson. 28—31, 

06, John Coursen. 28—29, 

06—07, Daniel Harker. 30—31, 

06, William A. Ryerson. 30—31, 

07—09, Aaron Kerr. 32—34, 

07—09, John Cox. .32—33, 

09—11, Richard Edsall. 34—35, 

10, George Bidleman. 35—36, 

11, Garret Vleit. 35—36, 
12—15, Simon Cortright. 36, 
12—15, James Davison. 37—38, 
12—15, Robert W. Rutherford. 37—38, 
13—15, Joseph Sharp. 37—38, 
16—17, Abraham Bidleman. 39—40, 
16—19, Robert C. Thomson. 39—40, 

16, William Darrah. 39—40, 

16, Peter Decker. 41—42, 

17—19, George Beardslee. 41 — 42, 

17—19, Jeremy Mackey. 41—42, 

18—19, 22—23, 43—44, 

Thomas Teasdale, Jr. 43—44, 

20, Jacob Hornbeck. 43—44. 



Abraham Shaver. 
Peter Kline. 
Joseph Coryell. 
Leffert Haughawout. 
32—34, 

Benjamin Hamilton. 
Jacob Ayres. 
24, James Egbert. 
Abraham Newman. 
-27, Joseph Chandler. 
Daniel Swayze. 
Evi A. Sayer. 
Joseph Edsall. 
Nathan A. Shafer. 
Hiram Munson. 
Peter Merkel. 
James Evans. 
Simeon McCoy. 
John Hull. 
Joseph Greer. 
Peter Young. 
Joshua Shay. 
John Strader. 
Joseph Linn. 
Benjamin Hull. 
William J. Willson. 
Isaac Shiner. 
John Hull. 
Samuel Truex. 
William H. Nyce. 
Joseph Greer. 
Isaac Bonnell. 
David Hynard. 
Nathan Smith. 
Jesse Bell. 
Absalom Dunning. 
Timothy H. Cok. 



"Warren County. 



1825, James Egbert. 34, 

25, Daniel Swayze. 34—37, 

26, Archibald Robertson. 34, 
26—27, Jacob Armstrong. 35—36, 
27—28, Jonathan Robbins. • 37—38, 
28—29, Daniel Vleit. 37—38, 

29, Jacob Summers. 38—39, 

30, Samuel Wilson. 39—41, 
30—32, 35—36, 39—41, 

Caleb H. Valentine. 40—42. 

30—31, Richard Shackelton. 42—44, 

31, 33, Charles Sitgreaves. 42—44, 

32—33, John Blair. 43—44, 
32—33, Isaac Shipman. 



Jacob Brotzman. 
George Flummerfelt. 
Henry Hankinson, 
John Young. 
William Larrison. 
Henry Van Nest. 
Samuel Shoemaker. 
George W. Smyth. 
John Moore. 
Jacob H. Winter. 
Stephen Warne. 
Abraham Wildrick. 
Robert C. Caskey. 



STATE SENATORS. 

STATE SENATORS. 

HV f OUXTII<:§, FRO>I 1S45 TO J1)0«. 



203 



Atlantic Countv. 



45^7, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66-68, 



45-47, 
48—49, 
50—51, 
52—53, 
54—56, 
57-59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—68, 
69—71. 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50-52, 
53—58, 
59—61, 
62, 
63—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73. 
74—76, 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—72. 



45^6, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58. 
59—61. 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73. 



Joel Adams. 
Lewis M. Walker. 
Joseph E. Potts. 
David B. Somers. 
Enoch Cordery. 
Thomas E. Morris. 
Samuel Stille. 
David S. Blackman. 

IJergeii 

Richard R. PauUson. 
Isaac I. Haring. 
John Van Brunt. 
Abraham Hopper. 
Daniel D. Depew. 
Thomas H. Herring. 
Ralph S. Demarest. 
Daniel Holsman, 
John Y. Dater. 
James J. Brinkerhoff. 



.69—71, Jesse Adams. 
72—74. William Moore. 
75—77, Hosea F. Madden. 
78—92, John J. Gardner. 
93—98, Samuel D. Hoffman. 
99—1901, Lewis Evans. 
02—07, Edward S. Lee. 



County. 

72—74, Cornelius Lydecker. 
75—77, George Dayton. 
78-80, Cornelius S. Cooper. 
81—83, Isaac Wortendyke. 
84—85, Ezra Miller. 
86—89, John W. Bogert. 
90—95, Henry D. Winton. 
96—1900. William M. Johnson. 
01—07, Edmund W. Wakelee. 



linrlingt 

James S. Hulme. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
Joseph Satterthwaite. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Joseph W. Pharo. 
William Garwood. 
Geo. M. Wright. 
Job H. Gaskell. 
Henry J. Irick. 
Barton F. Thorn. 



on County. 

77—79. Caleb G. Ridgway. 
80—82, Wm. Budd Deacon. 
S3— S5, Hezekiah B. Smith. 
86—91, William H. Carter. 
92—94, Mitchell B. Perkins. 
95—97, William C. Parry. 
98—1900, Howard E. Packer. 
01—03, Nathan Haines. 
04—06. John G. Horner. 
07—10, Samuel K Robbins. 



Camden County. 



Richard W. Howell. 
Joseph C. Stafford. 
John Gill. 

Thomas W. Mulford. 
John K. Roberts. 
William P. Tatem. 
James M. Scovel. 
Edward Bettle. 



73-81, William J. Sewell. 
82—84, Albert Merritt. 
85—87, Richard N. Herring. 
88-90, George Pfeiffer. 
91—96, Maurice A. Rogers. 
97—1902, Herbert W. Johnson. 
03—09, William J. Bradley. 



Cape 3Iay County. 



Reuben Willets. 
James L. Smith. 
Enoch Edmunds. 
Joshua Swain, Jr. 
Jesse H. Diverty. 
Downs Edmunds. 
Jonathan F, Learning. 
Wllmon W. Ware. 
Learning M. Rice. 
Thomas Beesley. 



74—76, Richard S. Leaming. 
77—79, Jonathan F. Leaming. 
80—85, Waters B. Miller. 
86—88, Joseph H. Hanes. 
89—91, Walter S. Learning. 
92—94, Lemuel E. Miller. 
95—97, Edmund L. Ross. 
98—1903. Robert E. Hand. 
04—06. Lewis M. Cresse. 
07—10, Robert E. Hand. 



204 



STATE SENATORS. 



Cumberland County. 



45-46, 
47—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—68, 
69-71, 

45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—75, 

45—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—75, 



45—47, 
48—49, 
50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—61, 
62—65, 
66—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 



Enoch H. More. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Reuben Fithian. 
Lewis Howell. 
John L. Sharp. 
Nat. Stratton. 
Providence Ludlam. 
James H. Nixon. 

KssfX 

Joseph S. Dodd. 
Stephen R. Grover. 
Asa Whitehead. 
Stephen Congar. 
George R. Chetwood. 
Charles L. C. GifCord. 
James M. Quinby. 
John G. Trusdell. 
James L. Hays. 
John W. Taylor. 



72—74, C, Henry Shepherd. 
75—77, J. Howard Willets. 
78—80, George S. Whiticar. 
81—86, Isaac T. Nichols. 
87—89, Philip P. Baker, 
90—92, Seaman R. Fowler. 
93—1901. Edward C. Stokes. 
02—07, Bloomfield H. Minch. 
County. 

76—78, William H. Kirk. 
79—81, William H. Francis. 
82—84, William Stainsby. 
85—87, Frederick S. Fish. 
88—90, A. F. R. Martin. 
91—93, Michael T. Barrett. 
94—99, George W. Ketcham. 
1900—02, Thos. N. McCarter, Jr. 
03—05, J. Henry Bacheller. 
06—09, Everett Colby. 



Gloucester County, 



John C. Smallwood. 
Charles Reeves. 
John Burk. 
Joseph Franklin. 
Jeptha Abbott. 
John Pierson. 
Joseph L. Reeves. 
Woodward Warrick. 
Samuel Hopkins. 

Hudson 

Richard Cutwater. 
John Tonnele. 
John Cassedy. 
Abraham O. Zabriskle. 
Moses B. Bramhall. 
C. V. Clickener. 
Samuel Wescott. 
Theo. F. Randolph. 
Charles H. Winfield. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
John R, McPherson. 



Hunterd 

Alexander Wurts. 
Isaac G. Farlee. 
John Manners. 
Alexander V. Bonnell 
John C. Rafferty. 
Edmund Perry. 
John Blane. 
Alexander Wurts. 
Joseph G. Bowne. 
David H. Banghart. 
Fred. A. Potts. 



76—78, Thomas P. Mathers. 
79—81, John F. Bodine. 
82—83, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
84—87, Stacy L. Pancoast. 
88—90, Joseph B. Roe. 
91—93, George H. Barker. 
94—96, Daniel J. Packer. 
97—1902, Solomon H. Stanger. 
03—05, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
06—09, John Boyd Avis. 
County. 

75—77, Leon Abbett. 
78-80, Rudolph F. Rabe. 
81—83, Elijah T. Paxton. 
84—86, William Brinkerhoff. 
87—89, William D. Edwards. 
90—91, *Edward F. McDonald. 

92, Robert S. Hudspeth. 
93—98, William D. Daly. 
99, 1900, Allan L. McDermott. 
01—04, Robert S. Hudspeth. 
05—07, James F. Minturn. 
on County. 

77—79, James N. Pidcock. 
80—82, Eli Bosenbury. 
83—85, John Carpenter, Jr. 
86—88, George H. Large. 
89—91, Moses K. Everitt. 
92—94, William H. Martin. 
95—97. Richard S. Kuhl. 
98—1900. John R. Foster. 
01—03, William C. Gebhardt. 
04—06, George F. Martens. Jr. 
07—10, William C. Gebhardt. 



•Mr. McDonald was unseated the last day of the ses- 
sion of 1890, and William S. Stuhr was given his seat. The 
first week of the session of 1891 Mr. Stuhr was unseated 
and Mr. McDonald resumed his seat. 



STATE SENATORS. 



205 



Mercer 

45—50. Charles S. Olden. 
51—56. William C. Alexander. 
57—59, Robert C. Hutchinson. 
60—62, Jonathan Cook. 
63—65, Edward W. Scudder. 
66—68. Aug. G. Richey. 
69—71, John Woolverton. 
72—74, Charles Hewitt. 



County. 

75—77, Jonathan H. Blackwell. 
78—80, Crowell Marsh. 
81—83, John Taylor. 
84—86. George O. Vanderbllt. 
87—92. John D. Rue. 
93—98. William H. Skirm. 
99—1904. Elijah C. Hutchinson 
05—07, Barton B. Hutchinson. 



45—46. 
47—49. 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—70, 
71—76, 
77—79, 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61-63, 
64—71, 

72, 
73—78. 



45—47. 
48—50. 
61—53. 
54—56. 
57—59. 
60—62, 
63—65. 
66—70. 
71, 
72—74, 



51—53. 
54—56, 
57—62. 
63—68. 
69—71. 
72—74. 
75—77. 



45—16. 
47—49, 
50—52. 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 



Middle 

David Crowell. 
Adam Lee. 
Edward Y. Rogers. 
Ralph C. Stults. 
Henry V. Speer. 
Abra. Everitt. 
Amos Robbins. 
Levi D. Jarrard. 
George C. Ludlow. 



sex County. 

80—82, Isaac L. Martin. 
83—85, Abraham V. Schenck. 
86—88, Daniel C. Chase. 
89—94, Robert Adrain. 
S5— 97. Charles B. Herbert. 
98—1900. James H. Van Cleef. 
01—03, Theodore Strong. 
04—06, Wm. H. C. Jackson. 
07—10, George S. Silzer. 



Monniou 

Thomas E. Combs. 
George F. Fort. 
John A. Morford. 
William D. Davis. 
Robert S. Laird. 
Wm. H. Hendrickson. 
Anthony Reckless. 
Henry S. Little. 
Wm. H. Conover. Jr. 
Wm. H. Hendrickson. 

Morris 

John B. Johnes. 
Ephraim Marsh. 
John A. Bleecker. 
Alexander Robertson. 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
Daniel Budd. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
George T. Cobb. 
Columbus Beach. 
Augustus W. Cutler. 

Ocean 

Samuel Birdsall. 
Jas. Cowperthwaite. 
William F. Brown. 
George D. Horner. 
John Torrey. Jr. 
John G. W. Havens. 
John S. Schultze. 

Passaic 

Cornelius G. Garrison. 
Martin J. Ryerson. 
Silas D. Canfield. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Jetur R. Riggs. 
Benjamin Buckley. 
John Hopper. 
Henry A. Williams. 
John Hopper. 



til County. 

79—81, George C. Beekman. 
82—84, John S. Applegate. 
85—87, Thomas G. Chattle. 
88—90, Henry M. Nevius. 
91—92, Thomas S. R. Brown. 

93, Henry S. Terhune. 
94—96. James A. Bradley. 
97—1902. Charles Asa Francis. 
03—09, Oliver H. Brown. 

County. 

75—77, John Hill. 
78—80, Augustus C. Canfield. 
81—86, James C. Youngblood. 
87—92, George T. Werts. 
93—95, Elias C. Drake. 
96—98. John B. Vreeland. 
99—1901. Mahlon Pitnev. 
02—04. Jacob W. Welsh. - 
05—07, Thomas J. Hillery. 

County. 

78—80, Ephraim P. Emson. 
81—83. Abram C. B. Havens. 
84—92. George T. Cranmer. 
93—95. George G. Smith. 
96—98. Robert B. Engle. 
99—1901. George G. Smith. 
02—07, George L. Shinn. 

County. 

77—82, Garret A. Hobart. 
83—88, John W. Griggs. 
89—91, John Mallon. 
92—94. John Hinchliffe. 
95—97. Robert Williams. 
98—1900. Christian Braun. 
01—06. Wood McKee. 
07—10, John Hinchliffe. 



206 



STATE SENATORS. 



Salem 

45, William J. Shlnn. 
46 — 48, Benjamin Actoh, Jr. 
49 — 51, John Summerill, Jr. 
52—54, Allen Wallace. 
55—57, Charles P. Smith. 
58—60, Joseph K. Riley. 
61—63, Emmor Reeve. 
64—66, Richard M. Acton. 
67—69, Samuel Plummer. 
70—72, John C. Belden. 



County. 

73—75, Isaac Newkirk. 
76—78, Charles S. Plummer, 
79—81, Quinton Keasbey. 
82—84, George Hires. 
85—87, Wyatt W. Miller. 
88—90, William Newell. 
91—93, James Butcher. 
94—96, John C. Ward. 
97—1902, Richard C. Miller. 
03—05, James Strimple. 
06—09, William Plummer, Jr. 



Soiiier 

45, George H. Brown. 
46—48, William H. Leupp. 
49—51, John W. Craig. 
52—54, Moses Craig. 
55—57, Samuel K. Martin. 
58—60, James Campbell. 
61—63, Rynier H. Veghte. 
64—66, Joshua Doughty. 
67—69, John H. Anderson. 
70—72, Calvin Corle. 



set County. 

73—75, Elisha B. Wood. 
76—78, Charles B. Moore. 
79—81, Joiin G. Schenck. 
82—84, Eugene S. Doughty. 
85—90, Lewis A. Thompson. 
91—93, William J. Keys. 
94-90, Lewis A. Thompson. 
97—1902, Charles A. Reed. 
03—05. Samuel S. Childs. 
06—09, Jos. S. Frelinghuysen. 



Sussex 

45 — 46, Benjamin Hamilton. 
47—49, Nathan Smith. 
50—52, Joseph Greer. 
53—55, Isaac Bonnell. 
56—58, Zachariah H. Price. 
59—61, Edward C. Moore. 
62—64, Peter Smith. 
65—67, Joseph S. Martin. 
68—73, Richard E. Edsall. 
74—76, Samuel T. Smith. 

Union 

58—60, John R. Ayres. 
61—63, Joseph T. Crowell. 
64 — 65, James Jenkins. 

66, Philip H. Grier. 
67—69, Amos Clark. Jr. 
70—72, James T. Wiley. 
73—75, J. Henry Stone. 



County. 

77—79, Francis M. Ward. 
80—82, Thomas Lawrence. 
83—85, Lewis Cochran. 
86—88, John A. McBride. 
89—91, Peter D. Smith. 
92—94, John McMickle. 
95—97, Jacob Gould. 
98—1903. Lewis J. Martin. 
04—10, Jacob Cole Price. 

County. 

76—78, Will -'am J. Magie. 
79—84, Ben.Umin A. Vail. 
85—87, Robert L. Livingston. 
88—90, James L. Miller. 
91—93, Frederick C. Marsh. 
94 — 98, Foster M. Voorhees. 
99—05, Joseph Cross. 
06—09, Ernest R. Ackerman. 



Warren 

45, Charles J. Ihrie. 
46 — 48, Jeremy Mackey. 
49—51, George W. Taylor. 
52—54, Charles Sitgreaves. 
55—57, William Rea. 
58—60, Philip Mowry. 
61—63, James K. Swayze. 
64—66, Henry R. Kennedy, 
67—69, Abraham Wildrick. 
70—72, Edward H. Bird. 
73—75, Joseph B. Cornish. 



County. 

76—78, William Silverthorn. 
79—81, Peter Cramer. 
82-84, George H. Beatty. 
85—87, James E. Moon. 
88—90, Martin Wyckoff. 
91—93, Johnston Cornish. 
94—96, Christopher F. Staates. 
97—99. Isaac Barber. 
1900—1902, Johnston Cornish. 
03—05, Isaac Barber. 
06—09, Johnston Cornish. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



t(fl 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 

BV COr.XTIES, FROM JS4.-> TO 1006. 



Atlantic Count V. 



76, 77, Leonard H. Ashley. 

78, Israel Smith. 
79, 80, James Jeffries. 

81, George Elvlns. 

82, Joseph H. Shinn, 

83, John L. Bryant. 

84, 85, Edward North. 

86, 87, James S. Beckwith. 
88, James B. Nixon. 

89, 90, Shepherd S. Hudson. 

91, Smith E. Johnson. 

92, Samuel D. Hoffman. 

93, Charles A. Baake. 

94, Frederick Schuchardt. 

95, Wesley C. Smith. 
96, 97, Marcellus L. Jackson. 
98, 99, Leonard H. Ashley. 
1900—01, Charles T. Abbott. 
02—07, Thomas C. Elvins. 

County. 

74, 75, Henry C. Herring. 
74, 75, John W. Bogert. 
76, 77, John H. Winant. 
76, 77, Barney N. Ferdon. 
78, M. Corsen Gillham. 

78, 79, Southey S. Parramore. 

79, 80, John A. Demarest. 
80, Oliver D. Smith. 

81, 82, Elias H. Sisson. 
81—83, 86, John Van Bussum. 
81, 84, Peter R. Wortendyke. 

84, *Jacob W. Doremus. 

85, Peter Ackerman. 

85, 86, Eben Winton. 

87, 88, Anderson Bloomer. ' 
87, Peter Ackerman. 

88, 89, Charles F.Harrington 

89, 90, Abram De Ronde. 

90, 91, George Zimmermann. 
91, John H. Huyler. 

92, 93, Samuel G. H. Wright. 

92, 93, John J. Dupuy. 
94, "Walter Dewsnap. 

94, 95, David D. Zabriskie. 

95, 96, Fred'k L. Voorhees. 

96, 97, Jacob H. Ullman. 

97, 98, Abram C. Holdrum. 

98, 99, John M. Bell. 

99, 1900, Edmund W. Wakelee. 
1900, Vacancy caused by death 

of John L. C. Graves. 
01—02, Joseph H. Tillotson. 

♦John. W. Doremus was first elected, but died before 
Legislature convened. 



45, 46, Joseph Ingersoll. 
47—49, Mark Lake. 

50, 51, Robert B. Risley. 

52, John H. Boyle. 

53, Thomas D. Winner. 

54, Daniel Townsend. 

55, Nicholas F. Smith. 

56, 57, David Frambes. 

58, John B. Madden. 

59, Thomas E. Morris. 
60—62, Charles E.P. Mayhew. 

63, John Godfrey. 

64, Simon Hanthorn. 

65, Simon Lake. 

66, 67, P. M. Wolfseiffer. 
68, 69, Jacob Keim, 

70, 71, Benj. H. Overheiser. 
72, 73, Samuel H. Cavileer. 
74, 75, Lemuel Conover. 

lieigeu 

45, William G. Hopper. 
45, Jacob C. Terhune. 

46, 47, John. G, Banta. 

46, 47, Jacob J. Brinkerhoff. 
48, 49, John Ackerman, Jr. 
48, 49, Henry H. Voorhis, Jr. 
50, 51, John H. Hopper. 
50—52, John Huyler. 

52, John Zabriskie. 
53, 54, Jacob I. Demarest. 
53, 54, Abraham Van Horn. 
55, 56, Ralph S. Demarest. 
55, 56, Thomas W. Demarest. 

57, 58, Daniel Holsman. 

57, 58, Aaron H. Westervelt. 

59, Andrew C. Cadmus. 
59, 60, Enoch Biinkerhoff. 

60, John A. Hopper. 
61, 62, Abram Carlock. 
61, 62, John R. Post. 

63, 64, Thomas D. English. 

63, 64, John Y. Dater. 

65, 66, Isaac Demarest. 

65, 66, Abraham J. Haring. 
67, A. Van Emburg. 

67, 68, Cornelius Christie. 

68, 69, Henry G, Herring. 

69, 70, Eben Winton. 

70, 71, Henry A. Hopper. 

71, 72, Jacob G. Van Riper. 

72, 73, George J. Hopper. 
73, John J. Anderson. 



208 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



01—02, James W. Mercer. 
03—04, M, S. Ayers. 
03—04, Georg-e Cook. 
05—06, Clarence Mabie. 



05—06, John Heck. 
.07, Guy U Fake. 
07, James Devine. Jr. 



Burlington County. 





45, 




45, 


45, 


47, 




45, 




45, 




46, 




46, 




46, 




46, 




46, 




47, 


47, 


48. 


47—49, 


47—49, 


48—50, 


49- 


-51, 


49- 


-51, 


50, 


51, 


50- 


-52, 


51- 


-53, 




52, 


52- 


-54,- 


52- 


-54, 


53, 


54, 


53, 


54, 




54. 


54-56, 




55, 




55. 


55, 


57, 


55, 


56, 




56, 




56, 


56, 


57, 


57, 


58, 




58, 


57- 


-59, 


57- 


-59, 


58, 


59, 


59, 


60, 


59- 


-61, 


60, 


61, 




61, 


60- 


-62, 


60- 


-62, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62- 


-64, 


63- 


-65, 




64, 




65, 


65, 


66, 


66. 


67, 


66. 


67, 


66, 


67, 



Joseph Satterthwait. 
Isaiah Adams. 
48, John W, C. Evans, 
Edward Taylor. 
William Biddle. 
Clayton Lippincott. 
William Malsbiiry. 
Garrit S. Cannon. 
Stephen Willets. 
Wm. G. Lippincott. 
William Biddle. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
John S. Irick. 
Benjamin Kemble. 
Edward French. 
Samuel Stockton. 
William R. Braddock. 
William S. Embley. 
William Brown. 
Allen Jones. 
Benajah Antrim. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Charles Haines. 
Mahlon Hutchinson. 
Jacob L. Githens. 
Job H. Gaskill. 
William Parry. 
Josephus Sooy, Jr. 
Benjamin Gibbs. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Elisha Gaunt. 
Richard Jones. 
William M. Collom. 
Jervis H. Bartlett. 
Samuel Keys. 
Samuel C. Middleton. 
Charles Mickle. 
Ezra Evans. 
Charles S. Kemble. 
John Larzalere. 
Samuel A. Dobbins. 
Georg-e B. Wills. 
Joseph L. Lamb. 
Robert B. Stokes. 
William Sooy. 
John M. Higbee. 
Israel W. Heulings. 
Wm. P. McMichael. 
Henry J. Irick. 
Jarett Stokes. 
Samuel Stockton. 
Charles C. Lathrop. 
George W. Thompson. 
Samuel Coate. 
Andrew J. Fort. 



Wallace Lippincott. 

Chas. E, Hendrickson. 

Charles Collins. 

John J. Maxwell. 

Theophilus I. Price. 

Thomas C. Alcott. 

Levi French. 

Abraham Perkins. 

Edward T. Thompson. 

Robert Aaronson. 

E. Budd Marter. 

George B. Borton. 

Townsend Cox. 

Joseph P. Adams. 

Levi French. 

Charles J. Gordon. 

Henry Moffett. 

Samuel Taylor. 

Daniel L. Piatt. 

John Cavileer. 

Edward F. Mathews. 

George Sykes. 

Wm. Dudd Deacon. 

Wm. R. Lippincott. 

John W. Haines. 

William H. Carter. 

Henry C. Herr. 

Abraham Marter. 

John Cavileer. 

Thomas M. Locke. 

Horace Cronk. 

87, Stacy H. Scott. 

Theodore Budd. 

Thomas J. Alcott. 

Allen H. Gangewer. 

90, R. C. Hutchinson. 

89, William H. Doron. 

Albert Hansell. 

George C. Davis. 

Mitchell B. Perkins. 

Lewis L. Sharp. 

A. H. White. 

Howard E. Packer. 

Micajah E. Matlack. 

Augustus C. Stecher. 

Micajah E. Matlack. 

97, George Wildes. 

Joshua E. Borton. 
98—1900, Joel Horner. 
98—1902, Charles Wright. 
01—03, John G. Horner. 
03—05, Benj. D. Shedaker. 
04—06, Samuel K. Bobbins. 
06—07, John B. Irick. 
07, Griffith W. Lewis. 



67- 


-69, 




68, 




68, 


68- 


-71. 




69, 


69- 


-71, 




70, 


70, 


71, 


71- 


-73, 




72. 


72- 


-74, 


72- 


-74, 


73, 


74, 




74, 




75, 




75, 




75. 


75- 


-77, 




76, 


76- 


-78. 


76-78'. 


77- 


-79, 


78, 


79, 




79, 


79, 


80, 


SO- 


-82. 


SO— 82, 


80, 


81. 




81. 




82. 




83, 


83, 


84, 


83- 


-86. 


84—86. 


85. 


86, 


87, 


88, 


87, 


88, 


88, 


89, 




89. 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


91, 


92, 


92, 


93, 




93. 




94. 


94, 


95. 


95, 


96. 


96, 


97. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



209 



Camden County. 



Joseph Kay, Jr. 
John Redfield. 
Joel G, Clark. 
Gerrard Wood. 
Edward Turner. 
Joseph B. Tatem. 
John C. Shreeve. 
John E. Marshall. 
Jacob Troth. 
Joseph Wolohon. 
Charles D. Hineline. 
Thomas W. HurfC. 
J. Kay. 

Jonathan Day. 
J. O. Johnson. 
Samuel Lytle. 
John K. Roberts. 
Samuel S. Cake. 
James L. Hines. 
Reiley Barret. 
Evan C. Smith. 
John P. Harker. 
T. B. Atkinson. 
Joseph M. Atkinson. 
♦Samuel Scull. 
Edmund Hoffman. 
Samuel M. Thorne. 
Zebedee Nicholson. 
Joseph Stafford, Jr. 
George Brewer. 
John R. Graham. 
James L. Hines. 
Joel P. Kirkbride. 
Daniel A. Hall. 
Edwin J. Osier. 
James M. Scovel. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Samuel Tatem. 
Paul C. Brinck. 
John F. Bodine. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
George W. N. Custis. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Edward Z. Collings. 
John Hood. 
James Wills. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 
William C. Shinn. 
Samuel Warthman. 
Charles Wilson. 
Isaac W, Nicholson. 
Stevenson Leslie. 



73, 



75, 



78. 
79, 
80, 
81, 
81, 



83, 



85, 



72, Fred. Bourquin. 
72—74, George B. Carse. 

73, Isaac Foreman. 

74, William H. Cole. 

74, Chalkley Albertson. 

75, Henry B. Wilson. 

76, 79, 80, R. N. Herring. 
75—77, Alden C. Scovel. 

76, 77, Oliver Lund. 

77, Samuel T. Murphy. 

78, Isaiah Woolston. 

78, Andrew J. Rider. 

79, Alonzo D. Nichols. 

80, Edward Burrough. 

81, Henry L. Bonsall. 

82, Chris. J. Mines. Jr. 
John H. McMurray. 
Robert F. S. Heath. 
George W. Borton. 
John Bamford. 

84, 93, Clayton Stafford. 

84, John W. Branning. 
84—87, Edward A. Armstrong. 

85, Benjamin M. Braker. 

86, Henry M. Jewett. 
86. George Pfeiffer. 

Philip Young. 
Henry Turley. 
Adam Clark Smith. 
89, 90, John Harris. 

89, George H. Higgins. 

90, Franklin C. Woolman. 

91, 92, Abram W. Nash. 

92, Joseph M. Engard. 

92, also 73, 74, Wm. H. Cole. 

93, George W. Henry. 

94, 95, Clayton Stafford. 
94, William J. Thompson. 

94. William Watson. 

95. George W. Barnard. 

96. 97, Louis T. Derousse. 

97. Frank T, Lloyd. 
97, Henry S. Scovel. 
99. John H. McMurray. 
99, Edgar J. Coles. 

98—1902, William J. Bradley. 
190O, F. F. Patterson, Jr. 

00, 01. 02. Ephraim T. Gill. 

01, 02, George A. Waite. 
03, 04, John S. Roberts. 
C3— 06, Henry S. Scovel. 
03—07, Theodore B. Gibbs. 
05—07, Samuel P. Jones. 

07, Frank B. Jess. 



82, 
82. 
83, 
83. 



87. 
87, 
89. 



90. 
91. 
91. 

93, 
93. 



95, 

96. 
96, 
98, 
98, 



Cape 3Iay County. 

45, John Stites. 50, 51, Mackey Williams. 

46, Samuel Townsend. 52, Joshua Swaim. 

47, Richard S. Ludlam. 53. Waters B. Miller. 
48, 49, Nathaniel Holmes, Jr. 54, 55, Jesse H. Diverty. 

*In 1857 Mr. Scull was unseated by T. B. Atkinson. 
14 



210 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



56—58, Downs Edmunds, Jr. 
59, 60, Abram Reeves. 

61,Jonathan F. Learning. 
62—64, Wilmon W. Ware. 
65—67, 69, 70, Thos. Beesley. 

68, Samuel R. Magonagle. 
71—73, Richard S. Leaming. 

74, Alexander Young. 

75, Richard D. Edmunds. 
76—78, William T. Stevens. 

79, Daniel Schellinger. 
80, 83—85, Jesse D. Ludlam. 



81, 82, Furman L. Richardson 
86, 87, Alvin P. Hildreth. 

88, Walter S. Learning, 
89, 90, 91, Eugene C. Cole. 
92, 93, 94, Edmund L. Ross. 
95, 96, Furman L. Ludlam. 

97, Robert E. Hand. 

98, Eugene C. Cole. 

99, 1900, Ellis H. Marshall. 
01—03, Lewis M. Cresse. 
04—06, James M. E. Hildreth. 
07, Corsville E. Stille. 



Cunibprland County. 



45, 
45, 46, 
45, 46, 
46, 
47, 
47, 

47, 48, 

48, 49, 
48, 49, 
50, 51, 

50, 51, 

51, 52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
54, 

55, 56, 

55, 56, 

57, 

57, 

58, 

58, 59, 

59, 

60, 

60, 

61, 62, 

61, 62, 

63, 64, 

63, 64, 

65-67, 

65—68, 

68, 

69, 

69—71, 

70, 71, 



Josiah Shaw. 
George Heisler. 
Lewis Howell. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Leonard Lawrence. 
Jeremiah Parvin. 
Uriah D. Woodruff, 
Reuben Fithian. 
Richard Lore. 
Benj. Ayres. 
Joel Moore. 
Samuel Mayhew. 
David Campbell. 
Enos S. Gandy. 
Lewis Woodruff. 
Daniel Harris. 
Morton Mills. 
James M. Wells. 
John F. Keen. 
Uriah Mayhew. 
Elias Doughty. 
Elwell Nichols. 
Robert Moore. 
Aaron S. Westcott. 
Ebenezer Hall. 
John Carter. 
William Bacon. 
J. Edmund Sheppard. 

B. Rush Bateman. 
Edward W. Maylin. 
Robert Moore. 
James H. Nixon. 
Thomas D. Westcott. 

C. Henry Shepherd. 
William A. House. 
Charles C. Grosscup. 



Essex 

45, Isaac Van Wagenen. 

45, John Runyon. 
45, 46, William M. Scudder. 
45, 46, Hugh F. Randolph. 
45, 46, Jabez Pierson. 
45, 46, Keen Pruden. 

45, 46, Alvah Sherman. 

46, 47, George W. McLane. 

46, 47, Parker Teed. 

47, 48, A. S. Hubbeel. 



72, 73, George S. Whiticar. 
72, 73, J. Howard Willets. 

74, George B. Langley. 
74, 75, Lewis H. Dowdney. 
75—77, George W. Payne. 

76, Isaiah W. Richman. 
77, 78, Isaac T. Nichols. 

78, James Loughron. 
79, 80, Robert P. Ewing. 
79, 80, Arthur T. Parsons. 

81, John H. Avis. 
81, 82, Charles Ladow. 

82, Philip P. Baker. 

83, Isaac M. Smalley. 

83, 84, John B. Campbell. 

84, 85, Jeremiah H. Lupton. 

85, 86, Wilson Banks. 

86, 87, Franklin Lawrence. 

87, Thomas H. Hawkins. 

88, Mulford Ludlam. 

88, Isaac M. Smalley. 

89, Thomas W. Trenchard. 

89, 90, Reuben Cheesman. 

90, 93, 94, John N. Glaspell. 
91, James L. Van Syckel. 

91, 92, Edward C. Stokes. 

92, 93, Wilber H. Baxter. 
94—96, Thomas F. Austin. 
95—97, Bloomfield H. Minch. 

97, 98, James J. Hunt. 

98, 99, Wilson H. Shropshire. 
99—1901, Jesse S, Steelman. 
00, 01, 02, William J. Moore. 
02—06, Louis H. Miller. 
03—07, B. Frank Buck. 

07; Frank B. Potter. 

County. 

47, 48, Jabez G. Goble. 

47, 48, Francis B. Chetwood. 

47, 48, Abraham Van Riper. 

47, 48, Elston Marsh. 

48, Hugh H. Bowne. 

48, 49, Charles Harrison. 

49, Hugh H. Bowne. 
49, Lewis C. Grover. 

49, 50, Joel W. Condit. 
49, 50, Obadiah Meeker 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



211 



50^ William F. Day. 
Stephen Personelt. 
Wm. M. Whitehead. 
Isaac H. Pierson. 
Jonathan Valentine. 
David Wade. 
Cornelius Boice. 
Beach Vanderpool. 
John C. Beardsley. 
Thomas McKirgan. 
John M. Clark. 
William M. Sandford. 
Silas Merchant. 
John Munn. 
James S. Bell. 
John B. Clark. 
Stephen Day, Jr. 
Grant J. Wheeler. 
Edward T. Hillyer. 
Charles T. Day. 
Charles O. Bolles. 
Abiathar Harrison. 
Daniel Price. 
William Dennis. 
David S. Craig. 
Daniel H. Noe. 
James N. Joraleman. 
David Ripley. 
Hngh Holmes, 
Daniel D. Benjamin. 
Charles O. Bolles. 
Daniel F. Tompkins. 
Nehemiah Perry. 
James A. Pennington. 
Apollos M. Elmer. 
Joseph T. Hopping. 
Warren S. Baldwin. 
Samuel R. Winans. 
James E. Bathgate. 
George H. Doremus. 
Wm. K. McDonald. 
John C. Denman. 
Moses P. Smith. 
John L. Blake, Jr. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Charles L. C. Gifford. 
Elihu Day. 
Charles C. Stewart. 
John C. Thornton. 
Simeon Harrison. 
James McCracken. 
Joseph Booth. 
Ira M, Harrison. 
Thomas Kirkpatrlck. 
Gashier De Witt, Jr. 
David Ayres. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
David A. Hayes. 
Adolphus W.Waldron. 
James F. Bond. 
Amzi Condit. 
James McCracken. 
J. W. Hale. 



60. 


61, 


60, 


61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 


61. 


62, 


61, 


62, 


61, 


62, 


62. 


63. 


62, 


63. 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 




63, 




63. 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 




64. 




64, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65. 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 




65, 




65. 




65, 


65, 


66. 




66. 




66, 




66, 




66, 


66. 


67, 


66, 


67, 


66, 


67. 


66, 


68. 




67, 




67, 




67. 




67, 


67, 


68. 


67, 


68. 




68. 


68, 


69. 


68, 


69, 


68, 


69, 


68. 


69, 


68. 


69, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70. 


69. 


70. 


69, 


71, 


70, 


71, 


70, 


71, 


70, 


71, 




70. 




70. 




70, 




71, 




71, 


71. 


72, 


71, 


72, 


71, 


72, 




72, 



Frederick H. Teese. 
James Wheeler. 
James E. Smith. 
James M. Lang. 
David Oakes. 
John Flintoft. 
George A. Halsey. 
Walter Tompkins. 
Corra Drake. 
John D. Freeman. 
John P. Jackson. 
Thomas McGrath. 
Amzl Dodd. 
John C. Littell. • 
Adolph Schalk. 
James Smith. 
Jeremiah DeCamp. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Rufus F. Harrison. 
Charles A. Lightpipe. 
Thomas B. Peddle. 
John C. Seiffert. 
Bernard Kearney. 
J. B. S. Robinson. 
John H. Landell. 
James D. Cleaver. 
David Anderson. 
William Bodwell. 
John F. Anderson. 
David Ayres. 
James L. Hays. 
Albert P. Condit. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
William H. Murphy. 
Edward L. Price. 
Israel D. Condit. 
Daniel Ayres. 
William R. Sayre. 
M. H. C. Vail. 
Samuel Atwater. 
Edward Hedden. . 
Josiah L. Baldwin. 
Josiah Speer. 
James Peck. 
John Kennedy. 
Timothy W. Lord. 
Francis Macken. 
James L. Gurney. 
John Hunkele. 
William W. Hawkins. 
James G. Irwin. 
Joseph F. Sanxay. 
Farrand Kitchell. 
Henry W. Wilson. 
Chauncey G.Williams. 
William R. Sayre. 
Matthew Murphy. 
Albert P. Condit. 
William A. Ripley. 
Edmund L. Joy. 
Theodore Horn . 
Rochus Heinisch. Jr. 
David Anderson. 



212 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



72 
72 

72. 73 
72, 73 

72, 73 
73 
73 

73, 74 
73, 74 

73, 74 
73—75 

74, 
74 

74, 75 
74, 75 

74, 75 
75 
75 
75 
75 

75, 76 
76 
76 
76 

76, 77 
76, 77 
76, 77: 
76, 77 

76, 80 
77, 

77, 78 
77, 78 
77. 78 

77, 78 
78 
78 

78, 79 
78, 79 
78, 79 

78, 79 
79 

79, SO, 

79, 80 
79—81 
79—81 

80 

80, 81 
80, 81 

80. 81 
81 
81 
81 

81. 82 

82. 83 
82, 83 

82 
82 
82 
S2 



Daniel Murphy. 
Moses H. Williams. 
Samuel Wilde. 
Joseph G. Hill. 
Theodore Macknett. 
L. M. Armstrong. 
John W. Campbell. 
Ellas O. Doremus. 
Phineas Jones. 
Aaron G. Baldwin. 
Samuel Morrow, Jr. 
James T. Vanness. 
Moses E. Halsey. 
Thomas S. Henry. 
Julius C. Fitzgerald. 
William H. Kirk. 
Andrew Teed. 
Hugh Kinnard. 
Patrick Doyle. 
William Carrolton. 
David Dodd. 
Charles H. Harrison 
Marcus S. Richards. 
Philip W. Cross. 
Albert D. Traphagen.86 
Francis K. Howell. 86, 
S.V.C.Van Rensselaer. 
Elkanah Drake. 
James M. Patterson. 87, 
Joseph H. Wightman. 87 



84, 
84, 
84, 
84, 
84, 

85, 
85, 
85, 



86, 



82 
82 
83 
83 
83 
83 
84 
-87 
84 
84 
84 
85 
85 
85 
85 
85 
85 
86 
86 
86 
86 
86 
86 
87 
87 
87, 
87 
87 



Gottfried Krueger. 
Charles Gomer. 
James Malone. 
Edward D. Pierson. 
Alexander Phillips. 
Charles Holzwarth. 
Edward W. Crane. 
George S. Duryee. 

82, Wm. H. F. Fiedler. 
Schuyler B. Jackson. 
Charles A. Felch. 
Peter J. Gray. 

83, 89, John Gill. 
Harrison Van Duyne. 
83, Thomas O'Connor. 
♦William H. Brown. 
Ellas A. Wilkinson. 
Thos W. Langstroth. 
William R. Williams. 
Joseph L. Munn. 
William Wright. 
♦♦Chas. G. Bruemmer. 
Michael McMahan. 
John H. Parsons. 
David Young. 
Robert McGowan. 
Roderick Robertson. 
Ulysses B. Brewster. 
Edw'd R. Pennington. 



—89 



88. 



89. 
89, 
90, 
90, 
90, 
90, 
90, 

go- 
go, 

91, 
91. 
91, 



Adam Turkes. 
Edwin B. Smith. 
Lucius B. Hutchinson. 
James N. Arbuckle. 
John H. Murphy. 
William Hill. 
93, John L. Armltage. 
93, William Harrigan. 
Rush Burgess. 
Frederick S. Fish. 
Herman Lehlbach. 
George B. Harrison. 
David A. Bell. 
Edward Q. Keasbey. 
William E. O'Connor. 
Charlese Holzwarth. 
Franklin Murphy. 
Henry M. Doremus. 
R. Wayne Parker. 
Augustus F. R. Martin 
Henry A. Potter. 
Edwin Lister. 
Jacob Schreihofer. 
Charles F. Underhill. 
Elias M. Condit. 
93. John H. Peal. 
Michael T. Barrett. 
Elvin W. Crane. 
James Peck. 
Charles E. Hill. 
James Marlatt. 
Frank M. McDermitt. 
DeForrest P. Lozier. 
Augustus Dusenberry. 
James A. Christie. 
Thomas McGowan. 
Adrian Riker. 
Joseph Schmelz. 
John Gill. 
Moses Bigelow. 
Geo. W. Wiedenmayer 
Richard A. Price. 
92, Leonard Kalisch. 
Reuben Trier. 
George Rabenstein. 
Thomas H. Pollock. 
Charles Trefz. 
John J. Bertram. 
Edward W. Jackson. 
Thomas Smith. 
Edward H. Snyder. 
Edward M. Taylor. 
John Nieder. 
John R. Hardin. 
George W. Ketcham. 
Thomas F. Cavanagh. 
James A. Dempsey. 
Benedict Ulrich. . 
William L. Glorieux. 



•In 1880, W. H. Brown was unseated by William R. Wil- 
liams. 

**Mr. Bruemmer was elected for 1882, but died before 
Legislature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



213 



92, 



«3, 
93. 
93, 
93, 
93, 
93. 

91, 
94, 
94, 
94, 

95. 
95, 
95, 
95, 
95, 
95, 

96, 
96, 
96, 
97, 
97. 
97, 
97. 

97. 
97. 
97, 



98, 

99. 
99, 
99. 
99, 
99. 
99. 
99, 



51, 



93, Augustus C. Studer. 
93, John L. Armitage. 
93, William J. Kearns. 
93. John H. Peal. 

93, Timothy Barrett. 

94, AVilliam Harrigan. 
94, Joseph P. Clarke. 
94, Joseph M. Byrne. 
94. Thomas A. Murphey. 
94, Dennis F. Olvaney. 
94. J. Broadhead Woolsey. 

94. Thomas P. Edwards, 

95, 96. Charles B. Duncan. 
95, John C. Eisele. 
95, Charles B. Storrs. 
95, George P. Olcott. 

95, Frederick W. Mock. 

96, Amos W. Harrison. 
96, Alfred F. Skinner. 
96, James A. Christie. 
96, George L. Smith. 
96. David E. Benedict. 
96, Charles A, Schober. 

96, Hayward A. Harvey. 

97, Thomas H. Jones. 
97. Albert J. Simpson. 

97. James J. Hogan. 

98, Charles W. Powers. 
98, George W. W. Porter. 
98. Edwin F. Steddig. 
98. Alvin C. Ebie. 

97, George B. Harrison. 

98. Jacob Rau, Jr. 
98, Peter B. Fairchild. 
98. Carl V. Bauman. 
98. Joseph B. Johnson. 
98, Oliver B. Dawson. 

98, William C. Schmidt. 

99. Albert T. Guenther. 
99. John L. Bullard. 
1900. Jacob Clark. 
1900. John W. Weseman. 
1900. John Kreltler. 
1900. Frederick J. Delect. 
1900. G. F. Brandenburgh. 
1900. William Mungle. 
1900, John N. Klein. 

Gloucester 

46. Samuel W. Cooper. 
46, Benjamin Harding. 
48. John B. Miller. 5 

48, John B. Hilyard. 5 

49, John Burk. 

50, John Duell. 

50, Thomas Gaskill. 

51. Edmund Weatherby, 
52. Benjamin C. Tatem 

52. Thomas Mills. 

53. Jeptha Abbott. 
53, John V. Porch, 



99, 1900, John P. Dexhelmer. 
99, 1900, Benjamin F. Jones. 
1900, George S. Campbell. 

00, 01, 02, J. Henry Bacheller. 

01, 02, Fred'k Cummings. 
01—03, Wm. B. Garrabrants. 
01—03, John Howe. 
01—03, Robert W, Brown, 
01—03, Ralph B. Schmidt. 
01-03, Edward E. Gnlchtel. 
01—03, William G. Sharwell. 
01—03, Edgar Williams. 
01—03. Robert M. Boyd. Jr. 
01—03, William A. Lord. 
03—05, Frederick R. Lehlbach 
03—05, Everett Colby. 
04, 05, William Pennington. 
04, 05, Frederick Manners. 
04, 05, Abraham Kaiser. 
04. 05, Herbert W. Taylor, 
04, 05, John J. Gallagher. 
04, 05, Samuel F. Wilson. 
04, 05, Edward D. Birkholz. 
04, 05, H. L. Johnstone. 
04, 05— Edward D. Duffield. 

06, William P. Martin. 
06, Gustav W. Roeber. 
06, George F. Serbe. 
06. Henry Clay Hines. 
06, Philip C. AValsh, Jr. 
06, Chas. R. Underwood, 
06, Gustav A. Kavser. 
06, Russell M. Everett. 
06, Austin Colg-ate. 
06, William F. Morgan. 

06. Gustav F. Sommer. 

07, :^dv/ard H.Wright, Jr. 
C7, Simon Hahn. 
07, John J. Baader. 
07, Patrick H. Corish. 
07, Thomas J. Mead. 
07, John C. Groel. 
07, John Breunig. 
07, John W^ Lane. 
07, Edgar E. Lethbridge. 
07, Daniel J. Bradv. 
07, Harry F. Backus. 



County. 

54, Joseph Franklin. 

54, Benjamin Beckett. 
, 56, Jacob G. Tomlin. 
, 56, James B. Albertson. 

57, John H. Bradway. 

57, Benjamin Smith. 
, 59, John F. Thomas. 
, 59. George C. Hewitt. 

60. 'Joseph Harker, 
. 61. John Starr. 
, 61. *Joseph H. Duffield. 

62, Thomas G. Batten. 



•Mr. Harker died during the Resslon of 1860, and Mr, 
Duffield was elected to fill the vacancy. 



214 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



62, 


63, 


63, 


64, 


64, 


65, 


65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 




67, 




68. 




68, 


69, 


70, 


69- 


-71, 


71, 


72, 




72, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74, 




75, 


75, 


76, 


45, 


46, 




47, 




48, 




.49, 




50, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 


54, 


55, 




55, 




55, 




56, 




56, 


56, 


57, 




57, 


57, 


58, 




58, 


58- 


-60, 




59, 




59, 




60, 




60, 




61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 




62, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62- 


-64, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 




64, 


64. 


65, 


64, 


65, 




65, 




65, 




65, 


65, 


66, 




66, 



Allen Moore. 
E. C. Heritage. 
Nathan S. Abbott. 
William D. Wilson. 
William W. Clark. 
Jacob J. Hendrickson. 
Charles T. Molony. 
Wm. B. Rosenbaum. 
Leonard F. Harding. 
Nimrod Woolery. 
John S. Rulon. 
John R. Middleton. 
Obadiah Eldridge. 
D.W.C.Hemmingway. 
Simeon Warrington. 
Thomas B. Lodge. 

Hudson Coun 

Hart'an Van Wagenen 66, 

Benjamin F. Welsh. 66. 67, 

Oliver S. Strong. 66, 67, 

Jas. J. Van Boskerck, 66—68, 

Edward T. Carpenter. 67, 68, 

John Van Vorst. 67, 68, 

Edmund T. Parker. 67. 68. 

Joseph W. Hancox. 68, 

John Dunn Littell. 68, 69, 

James S. Davenport. 69, 70, 

Jacob M, Vreeland. 69, 70, 

Clement M. Hancox. 69, 

Aug. F. Hardenbergh. 69, 71. 

Jacob M. Merseles. 70, 

Dudley S. Gregory, Jr. 70, 

John M. Board. 70, 71. 

John D. Ward. 71, 

James T. Hatfield. 71, 

George V. De Mott. 71, 

Robert Gilchrist, Jr. 71, 

Robert C. Bacot. 72, 

William Voorhees. 72, 

Garret M. Van Horn. 72, 73, 

Wm. H. Hemenover. 72, 73, 

Samuel A. French. 72, 73, 

W. H. Peckham. 72, 73, 

N. C. Slaight. 72, 73, 

Franklin B. Carpenter. 72, 73, 

Theo. F. Randolph. 73, 

Michael J. Vreeland. 73, 74, 

Edward D. Reiley. 74, 

George McLaughlin. 74, 

Josiah Conley. 74, 75, 

John B. Perry. 74, 75, 

Joshua Benson. 74, 75, 

James Lynch. 74 — 76, 

Garret D. Van Reipen. 74—77, 

John B. Drayton. 75, 

John Van Vorst. 75, 

Abraham W. Duryee. 75, 76, 

Delos E. Culver. 76, 

William E. Broking, 76, 

Hiram Van Buskirk. 76, 

69, 70, Leon Abbett. 76, 77, 

John Ramsay. 76, 78, 



76, 77, Samuel Moore. 
77—79, Caleb C. Pancoast. 

78, 79, Lawrence Locke. 

80, 81, George Craft. 

80, 81, Thomas M. Ferrell. 

82. Abijah S. Hewitt. 
83—85, Job S. Haines. 
86, 87, Joseph B. Roe. 
88—90, James West. 
91, 92, James J. Davidson. 
93—96, Solomon H. Stanger. 
97—99, David O. Watkins. 
1900, 01, William P. Buck. 
02—05, John Boyd Avis. 
06, 07, William C, Cattell. 



ty. 

Charles F. Ruh. 
O. D. Falkenburg. 
De Witt C. Morris. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
Hosea F. Clark. 
A, O. Evans. 
John Dwyer. 
John Van Vorst. 
Henry C. Smith. 
Sidney B. Bevans. 
James B. Doremus. 
Elbridge V. S. Besson. 
Michael Coogan. 
Abel I. Smith. 
William Brinkerhoff. 
Herman D. Busch. 
James F. Fielder. 
John Anness. 
George Warrin. 
Josiah Hornblower. 
James Stevens. 
John A. O'Neill; 
George H. Farrier. 
Dennis Reardon. 
George S. Plympton. 
Henry Gaede. 
Jasper Wandel. 
Anthony J. Ryder. 
John Lee. 

Richard C. Washburn. 
Henry Coombs. 
James K. Selleck. 
Alexander T. McGill. 
Patrick Sheeran. 
Alexander McDonnell. 
John D. Carscallen. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 
Thomas Carey. 
Edward F. McDonald. 
John J. Toffey. 
William A. Lewis. 
Henry Brautigam. 
Thomas C. Brown. 
Thomas J. Hannon. 
Alex. Jocobus. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



215 



77, Martin M. Drohan. 

77, Lewis A. Brigham. 
77^ Elijah T. Paxton. 

77, 78, Marmaduke Tilden, 
77, 78, Alexander W. Harris. 

77, 78, James Stevens. 

78, Dudley S. Steele. 

78, Edward P. C. Lewis. 

78, 79, 81, T. J. McDonald. 

78, 79, Henry Dusenberry. 

79, John Owen Rouse. 
79, Frank C. Frey. 

79, G. A. Lilliendahl. 

79, John A. Tangeman. 

79, 80, Joseph Meeks. 

79, 80, Samuel W. Stilsing. 

80, Patrick Sheeran. 

80, 81, Noah D. Taylor. 

80, 81, Allan L. McDermott. 
80, 81, J. Herbert Potts. 
80, 81, James Curran. 

80, 82, David W. Lawrence, 

81, Frederick Payne, 

81, 82, James J, Casey, 

82, William McAdoo. 

82. Robert McCague, Jr. 
82, George H. Farrier. 
82, David M. Durrell. 

82. John O'Rourke. 

82, 83, Thomas V. Gator. 
82—84, James C. Clarke. 
82—84, Dennis McLaughlin 

83, Peter F. Wanser. 

83, John M. Shannon. 

83, 84, Martin Steljes. 

83, 84, Augustus A. Rich. 
83, 84, Frank O. Cole. 

83, 84, Joseph T. Kelly. 
83—85, Edwin O. Chapman. 

84, Michael J. O'Donnell. 

84, 85, Cornelius S See. 

84, 85, 87, 88, S. D. Dickinson. 

85, Thomas H. Kelly. 
85, Isaac Romaine. 
85, John W. Heck. 
85, James J. Clark. 
85, John Wade. 

85, Fred. Frambach, Jr. 

85, 86, John C. Besson. 

86, R. B. Seymour. 
86, D. A. Peloubet. 
86. A. B. Dayton. 

86. T. J. McDonald. 

86, 87, Philip Tumulty. 
86, 87, .John Pearson. 

86, 87, 89, R. S. Hudspeth. 
86, 87, Thomas F. Noonan. 

86, 87, Edward Lennon. 

87, Edw'd T. McLaughlin. 

87, 88, William H, Letts. 



87—90, 



88, 89, 
88, 89, 

88, 89, 
89, 
89, 

89, 90, 

89, 92, 
90, 
90, 
90, 

90, 91, 
90, 91, 
90, 91, 

90, 91, 
90—92, 

91, 
91, 
91, 
91, 

91, 92, 
92, 
92, 
92, 

92, 93. 
92, 93. 

92, 93, 
92—94, 
92—94, 

93, 
93, 
93, 

93, 94, 
93, 94, 

93, 94, 
94, 
94. 
94, 
94, 
94, 

94, 95, 
95, 
95, 
95, 
95, 
95, 
95, 

95, 96, 
95, 96. 
95. 96, 
95, 96. 

96, 
96. 
96, 
96. 
96, 



John P. Feeney. 
Wm. C. Heppenheimer. 
Joseph Gallagher. 
Charles W. Fuller 
*E. Frank Short. 
James F. Norton. 
Richard Brown. 
Edward P. Farrell. 
Peter T. Donnelly. 
Judson C. Francois. 
Laurence Fagan. 
Patrick H, O'Neill. 
James Murphy. 
James S. Erwln. 
John F. Kelly. 
Michael Mullone. 
Henry Byrne. 
Andrew J, Boyle. 
Thomas B, Usher. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
Simeon H, Smith. 
Henry Puster, 
John F. Madden. 
William D. Daly. 
James Moylan. 
Thomas Magner. 
James Tumilty. 
George A. Heaney. 
Martin Lawless. 
Cornelius J. Tahen. 
John Zeller. 
Timothy J. Carroll. 
Michael J. Coyle. 
Henry H. Holmes. 
Adam J. Dittmar. 
S, V. W. Stout. 
Ebenezer Berry. 
Max Salinger. 
Hugh A. Kelly. 
Thomas Egan. 
George W. Harding. 
John Kerr, 

Thomas McEwan, Jr. 
Charles Erlenkotter. 
James Usher. 
Henry C. Gruber. 
James F. Blackshaw. 
Henry M. Nutzhorn. 
Frederick Schober. 
Robert McAndrew. 
William E. Drake, 
William N. Parslow. 
Pierce J, Fleming, 
Richard M, Smart. 
David M. Cagney, 
Carl H. Ruempler. 
John W. Queen. 
John E. Hewitt, 
Edward Hoos. 
Joseph P, Mullin, 



•Mr. Short was elected to a second term of office, but 
he died before the Legislature met. Mr. Francis was 
chosen for the vacancy. 



21G 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



96, 98, Horace L. Allen. 03- 

96, 98, Charles T. Bauer. 03, 

97, Elmer W. Demarest. 03, 
97, William M. Klink. 03, 

97, Robert D. Urquhart. 03- 
97, Isaac F. Goldenhorn. 03, 
97. William G. Nelson. 04, 
97. John E. McArthur. 04, 
97, Theodore C. Wildman.04, 
97. Charles M. Evans. 04, 
97. Clement DeR. Leonard 
97. William H. Dod. 

97, Wm. O. Armbruster. 

98, Alexander Simpson 
98, Adolph Walter, Jr. 

98—1900, Allan Benny. 05, 

98—1900, James J. Murphy. 

98, 99, James P. Hall. 

98, 99, Fergus T. Kelaher. 

98, 99, Michael J. Bruder. 

98, 99, John J. Marnell. 
98—1900, Tim. J. Carroll. 

99, 1900, J. Emil Walscheid. 
99—1901, Leon Abbett. 
99—1901. Maurice Marks. 
99—1901, John H. Vollers. 
1900. 01. P. Anthony Brock. 
00, 01, 02, Geo. G. Tennant. 
00. 01, 02. John J. Fallon. 

00, 01, 02. Edward J. Rice. 

01, 02, John A. Dennin. 

01. 02. Patrick H. Connolly. 

01, 02. Kilian V. Lutz. 
01—03. Peter Stillwell. 

02. William F. Hurley. 

02, 03. C. G. A. Schumann. 
02, 03. John J. Treacy. 

02. 03, Frederick Weisraann. 
02—05, James A. Hamill. 

03, Michael J. Cannon. 



-05, Joseph C. Duff. 
04, William D. Kelly. 
04, James F. Fielder, 
04, J. W. Rufus Besson. 
-05, Edgar H. Loveridge. 

04, Thomas P. McGlennon. 

05, Myron C. Ernst. 

05, Godfrey B. Mattheus. 
05, Harry W. Lange. 
05, John Callery. 

04, D. Kelsey Whitaker. 

05, Archibald S. Alexander 
05, Edward A. Murphy. 
05, Joseph A. Riordan. 

05, William J. Boucher. 

06, Robert H. Scott. 
06, John J. Coyle. 

06, Joseph F. Galvin. 
06, William A. Joerg. 
06, James E. Woolley. 
06, Edward K. Patterson. 
06, E. W. Arrowsmith. 
06, Herman A. Berg. 
06, J. Philip Dippel. 
06, John H. Eggers. 
06, Harry F. Thompson. 

06, Theodore L. Bierck. 

07, Mark A. Sullivan. 
07, Charles P. dwell 
07, Joseph P. Tumulty. 
07, James Baker. 

07, C. E. Hendrlckson, Jr. 
07, Charles H. Blohm. 
07, Joseph A. Riordan. 
07, Archibald S.Alexander. 
07, Philip Daab. 
07, Oscar L.AufderHeide. 
07, Albert C. Eppinger. 
07, Valentine Holzapfel. 



Hunterdon County. 





45, 




45, 




45, 


45, 


48. 




46, 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47, 


46. 


47, 


47- 


-49, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 


50- 


-52, 




52, 


52, 


53, 


52, 


.53, 


53, 


54, 


53, 


54, 


54, 


55, 


54, 


55, 



John Swackhammer. 
Amos Moore. 

John H. Case. .56, 

49, Jonathan Pickel. 56, 

Henry Stevenson. 56, 

Isaac R. Srope. 56, 

Joseph Fritts. 58, 

Frederick Apgar. 58, 

John Lambert. 58, 

Andrew Banghart. 58, 
David Van Fleet. 

John Marlow. 60, 

Luther Opdycke. 60, 

William Tinsman. 60, 

John R. Young. 61, 

Hiram Bennett. 62, 

Peter H. Aller. 62, 

Andrew Vansickle. 63, 

John Lambert. 64, 

Samuel H. Britton. 65, 

Lewis Young. 65, 

Peter E. Voorhees, 66, 



55, Jacob S. C. Pittenger. 
55, Edward Hunt. 
57, William Sergeant. 
57, John M. Voorhis. 
57, Joseph W. Willever. 
57, John P. Rittenhouse. 
59, John H. Horn. 
59, William Snyder. 
59. Cornelius B. Sheets. 

59, Frederick Apgar. 

60, Thos. Banghart, Jr. 

61, Charles Denson. 
61, Ambrose Barcroft. 

61, D. D. Schomp. 

62, Jacob H. Huffman. 

63, S. R. Huselton. 

64, Joseph W. Wood. ' 

64, David H. Banghart. 

65, David B. Boss. 

66, James J. Willever. 

67, William I. Iliff, 

67, Richard H. Wilson, 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



217 



67, 68, Baltes Pickel. 83, 84, 

68, 69, John Williamson. 83, 84, 
68—70, Theodore Probasco. 85—87, 
6y, 70, John P. Lare. ■ 85—87, 

70, 71, John Kugler. 88—90, 

71, 72, Peter Voorhees. 88-90, 
71, 72, Aug. E. Sanderson. 91, 92, 
73, 74, W. L. Hoppock. 91—93, 
73, 74, John Carpenter, Jr. 93, 
75, 76, James Bird. 94, 95, 
75, 76, William W. Swayze. 94—96, 
77, 78, Henry Britton, 96—98, 
77, 78, John Hackett. 97—99, 
79, 80, Charles W. Godown. 99—01, 
79, 80, James N. Ramsey. 00, 01, 
81, 82, George H. Mathews. 03—05, 
81, 82, Jacob Hipp. 06, 07, 



John V. Robbins. 
W. Howard Lake. 
John C. Arnwine. 
Chester Wolverton. 
William H. Martin. 
Laurence H. Trimmer. 
William B. Niece. 
Benjamin E. Tine. 
J. L. Chamberlin. 
Charles N. Redding. 
William C. Alpaugh. 
David Lawshe. 
George F. Martens, Jr. 
Oliver I. Blackwell. 
02, W. A. Laudenberger 
James H. Willever. 
Oliver C. Holcombe, 



Mercer Co 

45, Israel J. Woodward. 64, 

45, Richard J. Bond. 65, 

45, *John Lowrey. 65, 

46, 47, Isaac Pullen. 66, 

46, 47, John M. Vancleve. 

46, 47, William White. 67, 

48, Samuel C. Cornell. 
48, 49, James M. Redmond. 
48—50, Josiah Buzby. 68, 

49, John R. Dill. 

50, John F. Hageman. 69, 
50, 51, John H. Phillips. 

51, Eli Rogers. 70, 

51, Westley P. Danser. 

52, William Napton. 
52, John C. Ward. 

52, Jeremiah Vandyke. 72, 

53, Abner B. Tomlinson. 73, 
53, Elijah L. Hendrickson 73, 

53, Randal C. Robbins. 74, 

54, James H. Hill. 

54, Franklin S. Mills. 

54, Runey R. Forman. 

55, James Vandeventer. 
55, William Jay. 

55, Garret Schenck. 

56, Samuel Wooley. 

56, 57, Geo. R. Cook. 77, 

56, 57, Andrew Dutcher. 78, 

57, 58, Jacob Van Dyke. 78, 

58, Jonathan S. Fish. 

58, 59, Augustus L. Martin. 80, 

59, Robert Aitken. 80, 

59, 60, Ed. T. R. Applegate. 80, 

60, Harper Crozer. 82, 

60, 61, Joseph Abbott. 82, 

61, William S. Yard. 83. 

61, 62, Morgan F. Mount. 84, 

62, John G. Stevens. 84, 

62, 63, Geo. W. Johnston. 

63, Peter Crozer. 86, 

63, 64, James G. West. 

64, James F. Bruere. 



unty. 

65, John A. Weart. 

66, Alex. P. Green. 

66, Samuel Fisher. 

67, Thomas Crozer. 

67, Charles W. Mount. 
71, Joseph H. Bruere. 

68, Thomas J. Corson. 

68, Thomas C. Pearce. 

69, Absalom P. Lanning. 

69, John P. Nelson. 

70, James C. Norris. 

70, Charles O. Hudnut. 

71, William H. Barton. 

71, Liscomb T. Robbins. 

72, Richard R. Rogers. 

72, John H. Silvers. 

73, Alfred W. Smith. 

74, John N. Lindsay. 

74, Andrew J. Smith. 

75, Geo. O. Vanderbllt. 
75, Samuel M. Youmans. 

75, Robt. S. Woodruff, Jr. 

76, Enoch H. Drake. 
76, John Hart Brewer. 

76, Robert L. Hutchinson. 

77. William S. Yard. 

77, J. Vance Powers. 

78, Horatio N. Burroughs. 

79, 82, Eckford Moore. 
79, John D. Rue. 

79, William Roberts. 
81, Charles S. Robinson. 
81, Richard A. Donnelly. 
81, John V. D. Beekman. 
83, Nelson M. Lewis. 

83, William J. Convery. 

84, Joseph H. Applegate. 

85, A. Judson Rue. 
85, John Caminade. 

85, Benj. F. Chambers. 
87, S. B. Hutchinson. 

86, James C. Taylor, Jr. 
86, William Ossenberg. 



•Died In office. 



218 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 





87. 




87, 




88. 




88, 




88, 




89, 




89, 


89, 


90. 




90. 


90, 


91. 




91. 


91. 


92. 


92, 


93. 


92, 


9X 




93. 


94, 


95. 


94, 


95. 


94, 


95, 


45. 


46, 


45, 


46. 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46. 




47, 




47, 




47, 


47, 


48. 




48, 


48, 


49. 


48, 


49. 




49, 


49, 


50, 




50. 




50. 




50, 




51, 




51, 




51, 


51, 


52, 




52. 


52. 


53. 


5JU-55, 


53, 


54. 


54. 


55. 


55, 


56. 




56. 


56, 


57. 




57, 


57. 


58. 


RS, 


59, 


58- 


-60. 




59, 




60, 




60. 


61, 


62. 




62, 


62. 


63. 


m. 


fi4. 


68. 


64. 


64, 


65. 




65. 


fin- 


-67. 


66, 


67. 



Frederick Walter. 
George D. Scudder. 
Charles H. Olden. 
Josiah Jones. 
Lyman Leavitt. 
Uriel T. Scudder. 
Thomas S. Chambers 
John Schroth. 
Howell C. Stull. 
Jacob R. Wyckoff. 
James H. Mulheron. 
Patrick T. Burns, 
James W. Lanning. 
Barton B. Hutchinson 
Charles G. Roebling. 
William L. Wilbur. 
John Ginder. 
William T. Exton. 



96, 97, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 
96. 97. Geo. W. Macpherson. 
96, 97. J. Wiggans Thorn. 

98, Frank M. Weller. 
98. 99, John B. Yard. 

98. 99. Henry J. Nicklin. 

99, 1900, Ira W. Wood. 

1900, '01. J. Warren Fleming. 
1900. '01. Frederick P. Rees. 

01. 02. George W. Page, 

02. 03, Harry D. Leavitt, 

02. 03. Bertrand L. Gulick. 

03. 04. Thomas Colclough. Jr. 

04. 05, Ralph Hulse. 

04. 05, Thomas B. DeCou. 
05—07, Alfred N. Barber. 
06. 07, Henry D. Thompson, 
06, 07, William F, Burk. 



Middlesex County. 
Simeon W. Phillips. 
Ralph C. Stults. 
Daniel C. Dunn. 
Charles Abraham. 
Garret G. Voorhees. 
Theodore F. King. 
John A. Davison, 
Richard McDowell. 
Melancton F. Carman 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Aaron Gulick, 
William A, Gulick. 
James Bishop, 
Henry Vandyke, 
Charles Abraham. 
Israel R. Coriell. 
David Dunn. 
Peter F. Dye, 
J. B. Johnson, 
Robert M. Crowell. 
James Applegate. 
•Tosephus Shann. 
Martin A. Howell. 
Abraham Everett. 
Samuel E. Stelle, 
William Hutchinson. 
John T. Jenkins. 
Amos Robbins. 
Henry Stults. 
John D. Buckelew, 
Garret I. Sn<»deker. 
Ellis B. Freeman. 
Andrew McDowell. 
Thomas Booraem. 
Elias Dey, 
Ellas Ross. 
Orlando Perrlne. 
James T. Crowell. 
Miles Ross 
David B. Wyckoff, 
Abraham. C. Coriell. 
James G.' Goble. 
69. 70. Levi D Jarrard. 
Nathan H. Tyrell. 



66, 


67, 




68. 


68. 


69, 


68, 


69, 




70, 


70, 


71. 




71. 


71- 


-73. 




72, 


72, 


73. 




73, 




74. 




74, 


74, 


75, 




75. 




75, 




76, 


76. 


77. 


76, 


77. 




77, 


78, 


79. 


78. 


79, 


78, 


79. 




80, 




80, 


80, 


81. 


81, 


82. 


81, 


83. 




82. 


82. 


83. 


83. 


84. 


84. 


85, 


84. 


85. 


85. 


86. 


86. 


87. 


86. 


87. 


87. 


88, 


8S. 


89. 


88. 


89. 




89. 


90. 


91, 


90. 


91. 


90. 


91. 


92, 


93. 



John W, Perrine. 
George E. Strong. 
Alfred W. Jones. 
William M, Cox, 
George E. Brown. 
Albert L. Runyon. 
Edward F. Roberts, 
.^saac L, Fischer, 
Johnston Holcombe. 
Joseph C, Letson. 
H. F, Worthington. 
John Von Deursen. 
John F. Ten Broeck. 
Joseph C, Magee. Jr. 
James H, Van Cleef. 
Josephus Shann. 
Isaiah Rolfe. 
Charles A, Campbell, 
Daniel Z, Martin, 
John Waldron. 
Isaac L. Martin. 
Patrick Convery. 
Vincent W. Mount. 
Robert G. Miller, 
John M, Board. 
Stephen M. Martin. 
James H. Van Cleef. 
Manning Freeman. 
John Adair. 
James H. Goodwin. 
William R. Jernee, 
Edward S. Savage. 
Robert Carson. 
John Martin 
John F. Ten Broeck, 
R. R, Vandenbergh. 
.Tohn Mulvey. 
Ephraim Cutter. 
Charles B. Herbert, 
Daniel M. Kane. 
Luther H. Tappen. 
William C. Jacques. 
Charles H. Manahan. 
John H. Daly. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



219 



92, 93, 

92-94, 

94, 

94—96, 

95, 96, 

95, 96, 

97, 

97, 

97, 

98, 99, 

98, 99, 

98, 99, 



45, 
45, 

45, 46, 
45—47, 
45—47, 

46, 47, 
46, 47, 

47, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

49. 50, 

49, 

49, 

49, 50, 

49, 50, 

50, 

50, 

51, 

51, 52, 

51, 52, 

51—53, 

52, 

53. 

53, 

53, 54, 

54, 

54, 

5-t-56, 

55, 

55, 

55, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

56. 57, 

57—59, 

57—60, 

58. 59, 

58, 59, 

60, 

60, 61, 

60, 61, 

61, 62, 
61, 62. 

62, 
63, 65, 



Hezekiah Warne. 
John W. Beekman. 
William F. Harkins. 
Andrew H. Slover. 
Edward W. Hicks. 
George H. Tice. 
Alexander C. Lltterst. 
Jacob H. Whitfield. 
James Fountain. 
Adam Eckert. 
Joseph H. Ridgeway. 
John J. Quaid. 



1900, 01, Adrian Lyon. 

1900, '01, H. Raymond Groves 

00—03, J. E. Montgomery. 

02. Myron J. Whitford. 
02, 03, W. H. C. Jackson. 

03, Bernard M. Gannon. 
04, 05, J. H. Thayer Martin. 
04, 05, Alexander R. Fordvce. 
04, 05, Frank C. Henry. 

06, 07, Frank Crowther. 
Of;. 07, William R. Drake. 
06, 07, Edward E. Haines. 



Monmouth County. 



George F. Fort. 
*Jas. H. Hartshorne. 
Andrew Simpson. 
Hartshorne Tantum. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
William Vandoren. 
John Borden. 
Andrew Simpson. 
William W. Bennett. 
Joel Parker. 
Ferdinand Woodward. 
♦Samuel Bennett. 
Joel W. Ayres. 
Alfred Walling. 
James Hooper. 
John B. Williams. 
George W. Sutphln. 
James D. Hall. 
William G. Hooper. 
Charles Butcher. 
Bernard Connolly. 
William H. Conover. 
Garret S. Smock. 
Samuel W. Jones. 
Charles Butcher. 
Charles Allen. 
Daniel P. Van Doren. 
Robert Allen. 
Forman Hendrickson. 
John L. Corlies. 
Henry E. Lafetra. 
John Vandoren. 
Thomas B. Stout. 
William H. Johnson. 
Jacob Herbert. 
John R. Barricklo. 
Samuel Beers. 
John V. Conover. 
Austin H. Patterson. 
George Middleton. 
Richard B. Walling, 
J. J. McNinney. 
William H. Mount. 
James Patterson. 
William V. Ward. 
Charles Halght. 
George C. Murray. 
Michael Taylor. 



63, 


64. 


63, 


64, 


65, 


66, 


65, 


66, 




66, 


67, 


68, 


67, 


'68. 


67, 


68, 




69, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70. 


70-72, 




71, 


71, 


72, 




72, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74. 


73- 


-75, 


75, 


76, 


75, 


76, 


76. 


77, 




77, 


77, 


78, 




78. 


78, 


79, 


79, 


80, 


79, 


80. 


80. 


81, 




81. 


81, 


82. 




82, 


82. 


83, 


83, 


84, 


83, 


84, 


84. 


85, 




85, 


85. 


86, 




86, 


86, 


87, 


88. 


89, 


88, 


89, 




89, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


92, 


93. 


92, 


93. 


92. 


93. 



Osborn Curtis. 
David H. Wyckoff. 
Daniel A. Holmes. 
George Schenck. 
William C. Browne. 
Charles Allen. 
Francis Corlies. 
Thomas S. R. Brown. 
William H. Conover. 
Daniel H. Van Mater. 
Andrew Brown. 
Austin H. Patterson. 
William S. Horner. 
John T. Haight. 
Wm. B. Hendrickson. 
John B. Gifford. 
John S. Sproul. 
George W. Patterson. 
Chas. D. Hendrickson. 
William V. Conover. 
James L. Rue. 
James H. Leonard. 
William H. Bennett. 
George J. Ely. 
Arthur Wilson, 
87, Sherman B. Oviatt. 
92, 93, John D. Honce. 
87, 88, G. H. Lufburrow 
Holmes W. Murphy. 
David A. Bell. 
Benjamin Griggs. 
Peter Forman. Jr. 
Alfred B. Stoney, 
Thomas G. Chattle, 
Charles H. Boud. 
William H. Grant. 
Frank E. Heyer, 
William Pintard. 
W. S. Throckmorton. 
Edward B. Potts, 
Archibald A. Higgins. 
William F. Patterson, 
Aaron E. Johnston. 
William D. Campbell. 
Charles H. Ivins. 
John D. Hone**. 
Reuben G. Strahan. 
William Taber Parker. 



•Died In office. 



220 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



94, Charles L. Walters. 

94, Richard Borden. 

95, David D. Denise. 

96, Charles A. Francis. 
96, George B. Snyder. 

96, Alfred Walling, Jr. 

97, William H. Reid. 
97, Oliver H. Brown. 
97, Daniel E. Van WIckle. 
99, Joseph Li. Butcher. 
99, Joseph C. Heyer. 
99, B. Drummond Woolley 

1900, '01, Charles R. Snyder. 
1900, '01, Sam'l W. Kirkbride. 



94, 
95, 
95, 



98, 
98, 
98. 



1900, '01, William Hyres. 
02, William T. Hoffman. 
02, Somers T. Champion. 

02, 03, John A. Rowland. 

03, 04, Charles F. McDonald*. 
03, 04, Amzi M. Posten. 

04, William F. Lefferson. 
05, 06, Edgar I. VanderVeer. 
05, 06, Walter S. Reed. 
05, 06, George C. Henry. 

07, Isaac B. Davison. 

07, T. Nelson Lillagore. 

07, Frank J. Manson, 



45 
45, 46 
45. 46 

45, 46 

46. 47 
47 
47 
47 

48. 49 

48, 49 

48, 49 

48, 49 

50 

50, 

50 

5o; 

51, 
51 

51 

51. 52, 

52, 53 
52, 53 
52, 53 

53 

54 

54, 55: 

54, 55 

54, 55 

55, 56 
56 

56, 57 

56, 57 

57, 58, 

57, 58: 

58, 59 

58, 59 
59 

59, 60 
60 

60—62 

60-62 

61 

61, 62 

62, 63 



Morris 
Timothy Kitchel. 
Matthias Kitchel. 
Henry Seward. 
George H. Thompson. 
Calvin Howell. 
Richard Lewis. 
Charles McFarland. 
Samuel Hilts. 
Andrew I. Smith. 
David T. Cooper. 
Samuel Van Ness. 
Edward W. Whelpley. 
John L. Kanouse. 
Andrew Cobb. 
Freeman Wood. 
George H. Thompson. 
Horace Chamberlain. 
Jonathan P. Bartley. 
Josiah Meeker. 
Cornelius B. Doremus. 
C. S. Dickerson. 
John D. Jackson. 
Robert Albright. 
John L. Kanouse. 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
William P. Conkling. 
William Logan. 
Aaron Pitney. 
Edward Howell. 
Wm. M. Muchmore. 
William A. Carr. 
Daniel Budd. 
Benjamin M. Felch. 
Richard Speer. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
John Naughright. 
A. H. Stansborough. 
James H. Ball. 
Eugene Ayres. 
Nelson H. Drake. 
Nathan Horton. 
William W. Beach. 
John Hill. 
Jacob Vanatta. 



64, 



66, 
66, 



County. 

63, William J. Wood. 
63—65, Jesse Hoffman. 

64, Henry C. Sanders. 

65, John Bates. 

65, Alfred M. Treadwell. 

66, John Hill. 

67, James C. Tawger. 
67, Ellas M. White. 

67, Lewis Estler. 

68. Daniel Coghlan. 
68, George Gage. 

68—70, Jesse M. Sharp. 
69, 70, Theodore W. Phoenix. 
69, 70, Columbus Beach. 
71, 72, Nathaniel Niles. 
71, 72, W. B. Lef evre. 
71—73, August C. Canfleld. 
73, 74, W. H. Howell. 
73, 74, Jacob Z. Budd. 
74—76, Elias M. Skellinger. 
75, 76, James C. Youngblood. 

76, Edmund D. Halsey. 

77, Abm. C. Van Duyne. 

77, *Cummins O. Cooper. 

78, C. P. Garrabrant. 
78, Francis J. Doremus. 
78, Joshua S. Salmon. 
80. Charles F. Axtell. 
80, James H. Bruen. 
80, Holloway W. Hunt. 
82, William C. Johnson. 
82, 91, 92, John F. Post. 
82, Oscar Lindsley. 
84, James H. Neighbour. 
84, Amzi F. Weaver. 



75. 



77, 



85, 86, John Seward Wills. 

85, 86, Elias C. Drake. 

86, 87, John Norwood. 

87, 88, Samuel S. Lyon. 

87, 88, John R. Pitney. 

88, 89, Carnot B. Meeker. 

89, 90, John Norrls. 

89. 90, William S. Nauright. 



*In 1878. Cummins O. Cooper was unseated by Joshua 
Salmon. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



221 



90, 
91, 



94, 
94, 
96, 
96, 
98, 



91, Jas. Preston Albright, 

92, Ford D. Smith. 

93, Thomas J. O'Brien. 
93, Sylvester Utter. 

95, Charles A. Baker. 
95, William C. Bates. 
97, Charles F- Hopkins. 
97, Joseph B. Righter. 
99, George E. Poole. 



51—! 

55, 
57- 



64, 
6-6, 
68, 
70. 



75, 



53, 
54, 
56, 
59, 
60, 
61, 
62. 
63, 
65, 
67, 
69, 
71, 
72, 
73, 
74, 
87, 
76. 



Ocean 

Joel Haywood. 
A. O. S. Havens. 
William F. Brown. 
Edwin Salter. 
Thomas W. Ivins. 
Charles H. Applegate. 
Ephraim Emson. 
Edwin Salter. 
Jacob Birdsall. 
Job Edwards. 
G. W. Cowperthwalte. 
Albert M. Bradshaw. 
Richard B. Parker. 
John S. Shultze. 
Edward M. Lonan. 
88. 89, J. S. Goble. 
Ephraim P. Emson. 



98—1900, Jacob W. Welsh. 

1900, '01, Samuel L. Garrison. 

01, 02, Chas. R. Whitehead. 

02, 03, William T. Brown. 

03, 04, Thomas J. Hillery. 

04, 05, Charles A. Baker. 

05, 06, John M. Mills. 

06, 07, Richard J. Chaplin. 
07, Henry W. Buxton. 

County. 

77, Isaac A. Van Hise. 
78—80, Rufus Blodgett. 

81, William H. Bennett. 

82, Clifford Horner. 

83, George T. Cranmer. 

84, Augustus W. Irons. 
85, 86, George G. Smith. 
90—92, Adolph Ernst. 

93, 94, John T. Burton. 
95, 96, Abraham Lower. 
97, 98. Roderick A. Clark. 
99—1901, Courtney C. Carr. 

02, George W. Holman, Jr. 

03, William J. Harrison. 
04, 05, Cornelius C. Pearce. 

06, George C. Warren. 

07, Samuel S. Taylor. 



Passaic County. 



45, 
45, 

47, 



49, 
50, 
51, 
51, 



53, 

55, 
56- 

58, 

59- 

60, 
61. 
62- 
62- 



46, 
46, 
47, 
48, 
48, 
49, 
50, 
51, 
52, 
52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
54, 
55, 
55. 
56, 
56, 
58, 
57, 
57, 
58, 
59. 
59, 
CI. 
CO, 
61, 
62, 
66. 
66, 
63, 



George W. Colfax. 
Chileon F. De Camp. 
Abm. Prall. 
Henry M. Van Ness. 
John M. Demarest. 
Oscar Decker. 
C. S. Van Wagoner. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Benjamin Geroe. 
54, John L. Laroe. 
J. S. Fayerweather. 
J. V. R. Van Blarcom. 
Cornelius Van Winkle 
Philip Rafferty. 
Charles H. May. 
William C. Stratton. 
William M. Morrell. 
John Schoonmaker. 
Peter H. Whritenor. 
Benj. Buckley. 
John J. Brown. 
James B. Beam. 
Patrick Magennis. 
Richard Van Houten. 
Joel M. Johnson. 
Samuel Pope. 
Isaac Stagg. 
Isaac P. Cooley. 
Socrates Tuttle. 
John N. Terhune. 
Chandler D. Norton. 
Samuel Pope. 



63, 
63, 
64, 
65, 
65, 

67, 
67, 
68, 
69, 
69, 



71, 
71. 
72. 

73, 
74. 
74. 
76. 
76. 
76, 

78, 
79. 
80. 
80, 



82. 

82, 



64, Joseph N. Taylor. 

64, Charles F. Johnson. 

65, Aaron Kinter. 

66, Garret Van Wagoner. 

66, Isaac D. Blauvelt. 

67, E. A. Stansbury. 

68, David Henry. 

68, Joseph R. Baldwin. 

69, A. A. Van Voorhees. 

70, Hugh Reid. 

70, 72, C. Hemmlngway. 

70.. Henry Hobbs. 

70, Charles P. Gumee. 

72, 75, Robert M. Torbet. 
78. 79. John O'Brien. 

73, Henry McDanolds. 

73, George Barnes. 

74, Garret A. Hobart. 

75, David Henry. 
75, John P. Zeluff. 
77, John W. Griggs. 
77, John Sanderson. 

77, Jos. L. Cunningham. 

78, John Kennell. 

79, John H. Robinson. 

80, George W. Conkling. 

81, Robert B. Morehead. 
81, Thomas B. Vreeland. 

81, Jacob Latus. 

82, Joseph A. Greaves. 

83, Patrick H. Shields. 
83, William F. Gaston. 



222 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



82—85, 92, 93, Thomas Flynn. 
83, 84, Clark W. Mills. 

84, William Prall. 

84, Cornelius A. Cadmus. 
85, 86, John Scheele. 
85, 86, De Witt C. Bolton. 
85, 86, George H. Low. 

86, William B. Gourley. 
87, 88, George Law. 

87, John Donohue. 

87, Robert A. Carroll. 
87, 88, 89, James Keys. 

88, James H. Rogers. 

88, Eugene Emley. 

89, John I. Holt. 

89, Chas. T. Woodward. 

89, William W. Welch. 

90, Thomas McCran. 
90, 91, Joiin King. 

90, 91, John P. Kerr. 
90, 91, Robert Williams. 

91, Richard Carroll. 

92, James Parker. 
92, 93, Frank Gledhill. 
92, 93, 94, Thomas Flynn. 

92, 93, John F. Smith. 

93, 94, John I. Holt. 

94, John- McKelvey. 

94, William I. Lewis. 

95, Samuel Frederick. 
95, 96, James Robertson. 



47, 



95, 96, Samuel Bullock. 
95, 96, 97, 99, 1900, John King. 
96—98, Henry W. GledhilJ 
97, Frank Atherton. 

97, Phineas Bridge. 
98, 99, Wood McKee. 
98, 99, John W. Sturr. 

98, John Donohue. 
99—01, Vivian M. Lewis. 

1900, Richard Berry. 
00—03, Edmund G. Stalter. 

01, 02, Wm. B. Davidson. 
01—03, Hiram Keasler. 

02, Raymond Bogert. 

02, 03, 04, F. W. VanBlarcom. 

03, Anton L. Pettersen. 
03—05, George H. Dalrymple. 

04, Jacob De Lazier. 
04, 05, Ernest Shaw. 

04, 05, Thomas R. Layden. 

05, 06, George F. Wright. 
05, 06, Henry Marelli. 

06, Arthur M. Smethurst. 
06, John D. Prince. 

06, Colin R. Wise. 

07, William A. Merz. 
07, Abram Klenert. 

07, Frank A. Pawelski. 

07, Henry J. Earle. 

07, John D. Van Blarcom. 



Salem County. 



45, 
45, 
45, 
46, 
46, 
46. 
47, 
47, 
48, 
48, 
48, 
49, 
49, 
49, 
50, 
50, 
50, 
51, 
51, 
51, 
52, 
52, 
53, 
53. 
54, 
54, 
55, 
55, 
56, 



David Wiley. 
Isaiah Conklyn. 
Robert Hewitt. 
Ephraim Carel. 
Charles Bilderback. 
George Remster. 
Joseph M. Springer. 
James Vanmeter. 
Joseph Foster. 
Benj. F. McCollister. 
Joseph R, Chew. 
James H. Trenchard. 
Isaac Lipplncott. 
John Fowler. 
Charles B. Newell. 
David Sithens. 
Benjamin Remster. 
Smith Bilderback. 
Charles Benner. 
Harman RIchman. 
Jacob Hltchner. 
John C. Lummis. 
Nathaniel G. Swing. 
John Blackwood. 
Isaiah D. Clawson. 
Richard Grler. 
Joshua Thompson. 
John Harris. 
Joseph Kille. 



57- 
58, 

60, 



63. 



65, 
66, 



68, 
69, 



72. 
73, 

74, 



76- 



56, Samuel Plummer. 

57, William Beckett. 
-59. Thomas B. Jones. 

59, Alfred Simpkins. 

60, Samuel Habermayer. 

61, Joshua Lipplncott. 

61, Owen L. Jones. 

62, William P. Somers. 

62, Samuel D. Miller. 

63, Joseph Waddington. 

64, Joseph W. Cooper. 

64, William N. Hancock. 

65, William Callahan. 

66, A. M. P. V. H. Dickeson 

67, Samuel Garrison. 

67, John S. Newell. 

68, Henry M. Wright. 

69, Andrew S. Reeves. 

70, Charles F. H. Gray. 

70. David Evans. 

71. John W. Dickinson. 

71, John Hltchner. 

72, Smith Hewitt. 

73, Daniel P. Darrell. 

74, William Tszard. 

75, William B. Carpenter. 

75, Charles P. Swing. 

76, Richard Coles. 
-78, Quinton Keasbey. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



223 



77, John S. Elwell. 

78, William C. Kates. 
79—81, Henry Barber. 
79—81, John T. Garwood. 
82—84, Henry Combs. 

85, 86, Joseph D. Whitaker. 

87, William Nowell. 

88, Millard F. Riley. 
89, 90, John C. Ward. 
91, 92, James Strimple. 



93, 94, William Diver. 

95, 96, Charles W. Powers. 

97, 98, Joseph B. Crlspen. 

99, Frank Wright. 
1900, '01, Henry J. Blohm. 

02, John Tyler. 

03, Ephraim C. Harris. 
04—06, Thomas E. Hunt. 

07, Samuel A. Ridgway. 



Souierset County, 



45, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 47, 

46, 

47^9, 

47—49, 

48-60. 

50, 

50, 51, 
51, 

51, 52, 
52. 

53, 54, 
54—56, 

55, 
56, 57. 

57, 

58, 59, 

59, 60, 

60, 61, 
61—63, 
62, 63, 

64, 65, 

65, 66, 

66, 67, 
67, 



45. 

45, 

45. 

46, 
46, 47, 
46-48, 
47-49, 
48—50, 

49, 
50, 51. 
50, 51, 

51. 

52, 
52—54. 

52, 55, 

53, 54. 
53, 54. 

55, 
55—57. 
56—58, 



Peter Voorhees. 
Samuel Reynolds. 
Peter Kline. 
James B. Elmendorf. 
Peter T. Beekman. 
Jonathan Cory. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
F. V. D. Voorhees. 
John M. Wyckof?. 
Samuel S. Doty. 
53, John De Mott. 
Frederick D. Brokaw. 
Eugene S. Doughty. 
Michael R. Nevius. 
John H. Anderson. 
John S. Hoagland. 
Alvah Lewis. 
Cornelius M. Schomp. 
Cornelius N. Allen. 
Nehemlah V. Steele. 
Ellsha B. Wood. 
70. J. W. Arrowsmlth. 
John G. Schenck, 
John M. Mann. 
Daniel Corey. 
Rynler A. Staats. 
Ralph Davenport. 
Peter A VoorheeS. 



68, Abraham T. Huff. 
68, 69, John J. Bergen. 
69—71, John R. Staats. 

71, James Doty. 

72, 73, David D. Smalley. 

73, 74, John G. Schenck. 

74, 75, William P. Sutphin. 
75—77, Joseph H. Voorhees. 
76, 77, 91, 92, Jas. J. Bergen. 
78—80, John Ringelmann. 
78—80, J. Newton Voorhees. 

81, John L. Oakey. 

82, William A. Schomp. 
84, Cornelius S. Hoffman. 

86, John Vetterlein. 

87, George E. Pace, 

88, Oscar Conkling. 
90, Jacob Klotz. 
93, George H. Cramer. 

95, Frank W. Somers. 

96. Charles A. Reed. 
98. Peter V. D. VanDoren. 
1900. Edward E. Cooper. 

. 02, Henry W. Hoagland. 
03, 04. Sam'l S. Swackhamer. 
05, 06, Irving Hoagland. 
07, William W. Smalley. 



81, 
83, 
85, 



89, 

94, 

97, 
99, 

01, 



Sussex County. 



Absalom Dunning. 56—58, 

Jesse Bell. 58, 

Timothy H. Cook. 59, 60. 

Juhn Hunt. 60. 61. 

Peter Young. 60. 61. 

Thos. D. Armstrong. • 61. 

Peter Hoyt. 62, 

Jacob Hornbeck, Jr. 62—64, 

Martin Ryerson. 63, 64. 

Guy Price. 65, 

William Simonson. 65—67, 

Daniel D. Decker. 66, 67, 

George W. Collver. 6.S— 70. 

Timothy E. Shay. 68—70. 

Aaron K. Stinson. 71, 

Beniamin Hamilton. 71, 72, 

Luther Hill. 75. 76, 

James L. Decker. 77, 78, 

Daniel D. Gould. 79—81, 

William Smith. 82—84, 



John W. Opdyke. 
Sanford McKeeby. 
Martin Cole. 
Charles Mackerly. 
Daniel D. Decker. 
William Price. 
Thomas N. McCarter. 
William H. Bell. 
Robert Hamilton. 
Samuel Fowler. 
William M. Iliff. 
73. 74, F. M. Ward. 
Hiram C. Clark. 
Samuel H. Hunt. 
Peter Smith. 
Lebbeus Martin. 
William Owen. 
George Greer. 
Lewis J. Martin. 
William E. Ross. 



224 



ASSEMBLYMEN, 



85—87, Horatio N. Kinney. 
88—90, Andrew J. Bale. 
91—93, Jacob Swartwout. 
94—96, William P. Coursen. 
97, Horace E. Rude. 



98, 99. 1900, Elvin E. Smith. 

1901, Theodore M. Roe. 
02, 03. 04, Lewis S. Iliff. 

05, Vacancy.* 
06, 07, Levi H. Morris. 



Union Countj', 



58, 
58, 
59, 

59, 60, 

60, 61, 
61, 
62, 

62, 63, 

63, 64, 

64, 65, 
65, 
66, 
66, 
67, 
67, 

68, 69, 
68, 69, 

70, 
70, 71, 

71, 

72, 
72—74, 
72—74. 

73, 
74, 75, 
74, 75, 
76, 77, 
76. 77. 
76-78,' 

78, 
78—80. 
79, 80. 
79—82. 
81, 82. 
81—83, 
83, 84. 
83. 84, 



45, 

45, 
45. 46. 
46—48. 
46-48. 
47—49. 
49—51, 
49—51, 
50, 51. 

52. 
52—54. 
52-54, 



Benjamin M. Price. 
Cooper Parse. 
William Stiles. 
Elston Marsh. 
David Mulford. 
Israel O, Maxwell. 
John J, High. 
Samuel L. Moore. 
Noah Woodruff. 
Philip Dougherty. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 
John R. Crane. 
Thomas J. Lee. 
A. M. W. Ball. 
Enos W. Runyon. 
John H. Whelan. 
DeWitt C. Hough. 
Albert A. Drake. 
75, Ferd. Blancke. 
Joseph W. Yates. 
Andrew Dutcher. 
William McKlnley. 
John H. Lufberry. 
Jabez B. Cooley. 
William H. Gill. 
Ellas B. Pope. 
Moses F. Cary. 
Benjamin A. Vail. 
John Egan. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
George M. Stiles. 
Philip H. Vernon. 
John T. Dunn. 
George T. Parrott. 
Frank L. Sheldon. 
Edward J. Byrnes. 
Asa T. Woodruff. 



85, 

85, 86, 
85—87, 

86, 87, 

87, 88, 
88—90, 



94, 
94, 
94, 
96, 
96, 
96, 
98, 
98, 
98. 



84. DeWitt C. Hough. 



Jacob Klrkner. 
Peter L. Hughes. 
William H. Corbln. 
Wm, Chamberlain. 
John J. iViatthews. 
Foster M. Voorhees. 
?— 90, John Ulrlch. 
89. 90. Frederick C. Marsh. 
91. 92, John Carroll. 
91—93, George Kyte. 
91—93, Thomas F. Lane. 
93, Timothy M. Kelly. 
95, John N. Burger. 
95, Joseph Cross. 
95, Charles N. Codding. 
97, Henry Clauss. 
97, J. Martin Roll. 
97, William R. Codington. 
99, George A. Squire. 
99, Roger F. Murray. 
99, Robert G. Houston. 
1900, '01, Ellis R. Meeker. 
1900, '01, Chester M. Smith. 
1900, '01, Charles S. Foote. 

02, Frederick Miller. 

03, William Newcorn. 
William F. Hall. 
Edward S. Coyne. 
Charles L. Moffett. 
Joseph T. Hague. 

04, Joseph H. Gunn. 
05—07, Peter Tillman. 
05—07, Randolph Perkins. t 

06, Edvv^ard K. Tucker. 

07, John R. Moxon. 



02, 
02, 
03, 



03. 
05, 
04, 
04, 



"W'arren Coiintv. 



Abram Wildrick. 54—56, 

Stephen Warne. 55—57, 

Robert C. Caskey. 55—57. 

Jonathan Shotwell. 57— o9, 

Amos H. Drake. 58. 

Samuel Mayberry. 58, 59, 

Andrew Ribble. 59—61, 

Benjamin Frltts. CO, 

53. John Loller. 60—62, 

John Cline. 61. 63. 

John Sherrer. 62—64. 

David V. C. Crate. 63—65, 



George H. Beatty. 
Archibald Osborn. 
John White. 
Isaac Leida. 
Abm. S. Van Horn. 
William Feit. 
Robert Rusling. 
Philip Shoemaker. 
John C. Bennett. 
David Smith. 
William W. Strader. 
Elijah Allen. 



*Jackson R. Decker was elected, but died before meeting 
of Legislature. 

tElected to fill vacancy caused by death of George H. 
Embree in 1905. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



22.5 



64—66, Charles G. Hoagland. 
65, 66, Silas Young. 
66—68, Andrew J. Fulmer. 
67. 68, John N, Givens. 
67—69. Nelson Vliet. 
69—71, Absalom B. Pursell. 
69—71, Caleb H. Valentine. 
70—72, William Silverthorn. 
72—74, Valentine Mutchler. 
73 — 75. Joseph Anderson. 

75, John M. Wyckoff. 

76, William Carpenter. 
76—78, Elias J. Mackey. 
77—79, Silas W. De Witt. 
79—81, Coursen H. Albertson, 
80—82. William Fritts. 

82, Robert Bond. 
83—85, Stephen C. Larison. 
15 



83—85, Isaac Wildrick. 

86, Thomas L. Titus. 
86, 87, William M. Baird. 
87—89, Samuel B. Mutchler. 
88-91, Eliphalet Hoover. 
90—92, Daniel W. Hagerty. 
92—94, L. Milton Wilson. 

93, Richard H. Sheppard. 
94, 95, Samuel V. Davis. 

95, George W. Smith. 
96—98, Alfred L. Flummerfelt. 
96—98, William K. Bowers. 
99—1901, Hiram D. White. 
99—1901, Jacob B. Smith. 

02, William R. Laire. 
03—05, John A. Wildrick. 
06, 07, Joseph H. Firth. 



226 THE EXECUTIVE. 



THE EXECUTIVE. 



PREROGATIVES AND DUTIES OF THE GOVERNOR. 

The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State- is President (ex-officio) of 
the Board of Trustees of Princeton and Rutgers Colleges, 
and also of Burlington College, and of the Board of Man- 
agers of the Geological Survey. He is Chairman of the 
State Board of Canvassers, and has power to fill any 
vacancy for New Jersey that may occur in the United 
States Senate, during a recess of the Legislature. 

He is a member of the following Boards: Trustees of 
School Fund; Riparian Commissioners; Court of Pardons; 
Commissioners of Agricultural College Fund; Premium 
Committee of the New Jersey State Agricultural Society; 
Commissioners of the State Library and State House Com- 
mission. 

With the advice and consent of the Senate, he has the 
power of appointing the following officers: Chancellor, 
Chief Justice; Judges of the Supreme Court and Circuit 
Courts; Inferior Courts and Lay Judges of the Court of 
Errors and Appeals; Attorney-General, Secretary of State, 
Clerk of the Court of Chancery, Clerk of the Supreme 
Court, Keeper of the State Prison, a Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, a Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, Prosecutors of the Pleas, Visitors to the State 
Board of Agriculture, State Board of Assessors, State 
Board of Education, Chief of Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
Major-General, Quartermaster-General, Adjutant-General, 
Inspector of Factories and Workshops, Supervisor of the 
State Prison, six Inspectors of the State Prison, Commis- 
sioners of Pilotage, the Board cf Managers of the State 
Hospitals, the Trustees of the Jamesburg Reform School 
and the State Industrial School for Girls, Judges of. the 
District Courts, Riparian Commissioners, Commissioners 
of Fisheries, Managers for the Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women, Port Wardens and Harbor Masters, State Board 
of Medical Examiners. 

Without the consent of the Senate: Foreign Commis- 
sioners of Deeds; New Jersey State Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation, and State Board of Health, State Board of 
Dentistry, Inspectors of Steamboats, Private Secretary, 
Notaries Public, Moral Instructors of the State Prison, 



THE EXECUTIVE. 227 

Railroad Policemen, and fill all vacancies that occur in any 
office during a recess of the Legislature, which offices are 
to be filled by the Governor and Senate, or Legislature 
in Joint Meeting; also, vacancies happening in the offices 
of Clerk or Surrogate in any county; issues warrants for 
the admission of blind and feeble-minded children into 
institutions; grants requisitions and renditions, and has 
power to offer rewards for apprehending and securing 
persons charged with certain crimes; signs or vetoes all 
bills and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature; has 
power to convene the Legislature, or Senate alone, if, in 
his opinion, public necessity requires it; grants, under 
the Great Seal of the State, commissions to all such officers 
as require to be commissioned; has right to borrow money 
for the State; sign all leases or grants issued by the Ripar- 
ian Commissioners; he has power to reprieve in cases of 
capital punishment, and to suspend fines at any time not 
exceeding ninety days after conviction, and in case of par- 
don or commutation of sentence, the Governor's vote in 
the affirmative is necessary. 

Besides all these duties, the Governor finds it necessary 
to read and answer a large mass of correspondence, which 
comes to the department daily. All bills and joint resolu- 
tions passed by the Legislature are compared, and then 
indexed in the Executive Department, before presentation 
to the Governor. 

He receives a salary of $10,000 a year, and is not allowed 
any fees or perquisites whatever. 

His term of office is three years. 

OFFICES FILLED BY THE LEGISLATURE IN JOINT 
MEETING. 

State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Commissioners of 
Deeds and State Director of Railroads and Canals. 



£28 COUNTIES, CITIES AND BOROUGHS. 

CLASSIFICATION OP COUNTIES, CITIES 
AND BOROUGHS. 



COUNTIES. 
(See act of March 22, 1901.)^ 

First Class— Having a population exceeding- 200,000. Hud- 
son, 449,879; Essex, 409,928. 

Second Class— Having a population of not less than 50,000 
nor more than 200,000. Passaic, 175,858; Camden, 121,555; 
Union, 117,211; Mercer, 110,516; Bergen, 100,003; Middlesex, 
97,036; Monmouth, 87,919; Morris, 67,934; Burhngton, 62,042; 
Atlantic, 59,862; Cumberland, 52,110. 

Third Class— Having a population of not less than 20,000 
nor more than 50,000. Warren, 40,403; Somerset, 36,270; 
Gloucester, 34,477; Hunterdon, 33,258; Salem, 26,278; Sussex, 
23,325; Ocean, 20,880. 

Fourth Class— All counties not embraced in the first, 
second and third class. Cape May, 17,390. 



CITIES. 
(See act of March 18, 1901.) 

First Class— Having a population exceeding 150,000. 
Newark, 283,289; Jersey City, 232,699. 

Second Class— Having a population of not less than 12,000 
nor more than 150.000. Paterson, 111,529; Trenton, 84,180; 
Camden, 83,363; Hoboken, 65,468; Elizabeth, 60,509; Bayonne, 
42,262; Passaic, 37,837; Orange, 26,101; Perth Amboy, 25,895; 
East Orange, 25,175; New Brunswick, 23,133; Plainfield, 
18,468; Bridgeton, 13,624. 

Third Class — All cities not embraced within either the 
first or second class, except cities binding upon the Atlan- 
tic Ocean and beingr seaside and summer resorts. 

Fourth Class— All cities binding upon the Atlantic 
Ocean and being seaside or summer resorts. 

BOROUGHS. 

(See act of March 23, 1883, and Supreme Court decision. 

State, Borough of Hightstown, pros., vs. James Glenn, 

18 Vr., page 105.) 

First Class— Having a population exceeding 3,000. 

Second Class— Having a population between 1,500 and 
3,000. 

Third Class— All boroughs and incorporated villages not 
contained in the first and second classes. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 229 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



The following is a list of the titles of newspapers pub- 
lished in the State of New Jersey; town and county where 
published; time of publication; political or special charac- 
ter, and names of editors and publishers: 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

DER PILOT (German).— Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. H. Mass & Co., publishers. 
H. Mass, editor. 

DEUTSCHER HEROLD (German).— Egg Harbor City. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. George F. Breder. 

FORTSCHRITT (German).— Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Fortschritt Publishing Company. 

SOUTH JERSEY REPUBLICAN.— Hammonton Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. Hoyt & Son, publishers. 

SOUTH JERSEY STAR.— Hammonton. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Thomas B. Delker, editor and publisher. 

ATLANTIC REVIEW.— Atlantic City. Daily, every morn- 
ing except Sunday, and Weekly on Saturday. Repub- 
lican. J. G. Shreve, editor and proprietor. 

ATLANTIC TIMES-DEMOCRAT, STAR GAZETTE.— At- 
lantic City. Weekly, on Thursday. Democratic. J. F. 
Hall, editor and publisher. 

ATLANTIC CITY DAILY PRESS.— Atlantic City. Daily, 
every morning, except Sunday. RepulDlican. Walter 
• E. Edge, publisher and proprietor. 

MAYS LANDING RECORD.— Mays Landing. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. E. C. Shaner, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

EVENING UNION.— Atlantic City. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Evening News Publishing Company, 
Walter E. PJdge, president. Office in Daily Press Bldg. 

SUNDAY GAZETTE.— Atlantic City. Weekly, on Sunday. , 
Republican. William McLaughlin, editor and propri- 
etor. 

WEEKLY PRESS.— Pleasantville. W.-ekly, on Wednes- 
day, Republican. Hugh Collins, pruprietor. 

FREIE PRESSE (German).— Atlantic City. Weekly, on 
Friday. Carl Voelker, publisher. 



230 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPJERS. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

BERGEN COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Hackensack. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. E. M. Johnson, editor. 
Bergen County Democrat Publishing Co., publisher. 

THE HACKENSACK REPUBLICAN.— H ackensack. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. Eugene K. Bird, 
editor and publisher. 

THE BERGEN INDEX.— Hackensack. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. S. E. Clapp. 

THE RECORD.— Hackensack. Evening. Republican. 
Caleb "Van Husen Whitbeck, editor. 

CARLSTADT FREIE PRESSB. (German).— Carlstadt. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. August Moench, 
editor. 

THE ENGLEWOOD TIMES.— Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Democratic. Jacob F. Blankenhorn, pub- 
lisher. 

THE ENGLEWOOD PRESS.— Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Joseph H. Tillotson, editor and 
proprietor. 

RECORD.— Tenafly. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent. 
Record Publishing Company. 

THE NEWS.— Ridgewood. Weekly, on Friday. F. A. 
Baxter, publisher. 

THE PARK RIDGE LOCAL.— Park Ridge. Published 
weekly, on Wednesday. James B. H. Storms and John 
C. Storms, editors and proprietors. 

RUTHERFORD AMERICAN.— Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. John E. Tyler, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

RUTHERFORD REPUBLICAN.— Rutherford. Ruther- 
ford Publishing Company. Frank P. Newman, editor. 

THE ENTERPRISE.— East Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. The Petrie Press, publisher. 

THE SENTINEL.— Fort Lee. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. J. N. Race, publisher. 

THE NEWS-LETTER.— Hasbrouck Heights. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Alonzo Chamberlain, editor and publisher. 

RIDGEFIELD PARK BULLETIN.— Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. J. E. Hoey, editor. 

RIDGEWOOD HERALD.— Weekly. Leonard N. Taft, 
publisher. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY MIRROR.— Mount Holly. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. Charles H. Folwell, editor 
and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 231 

THE MOUNT HOLLY HERALD.— Mount Holly. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. William B. Wills, editor. 

NEWS.— Mount Holly. Weekly, on Tuesday. Republican. 
H. L. Walters, George W. Hand and Joseph C. Kingdon, 
publishers. J. C. Kingdon, editor. 

BURLINGTON GAZETTE.— Burlington. Daily and weekly. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Daily, in the afternoon. Demo- 
cratic. Dr. R. B. Glasgow, editor and publisher. 

THE NEW JERSEY ENTERPRISE.-Burlington. Daily, 
in the afternoon, and weekly, on Saturday. Republi- 
can. Enterprise Publishing Co., proprietors. 

BORDENTOWN REGISTER.— Bordentown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. James D. Flynn, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

BEVERLY BANNER.— Beverly. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. L. W. Perkins, editor and proprietor. 

MOORESTOWN CHRONICLE.— Moorestown. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. W. J. Lovell, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY PRESS.— Riverside. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. Hiram D. Torrie, Jr., 
editor and proprietor. 

THE REPUBLICAN.— Moorestown. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Earle Bowen, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE NEW ERA.— Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Riverton and Palmyra. Walter L. Bowen, publisher. 
J. D. Janney, M.D., editor. 

THE WEEKLY NEWS.— Palmyra. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. C. F. Sleeper, editor and proprietor. 

THE CENTRAL RECORD.— Marlton. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Heister Clymer, editor. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

WEST JERSEY PRESS.— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sinnickson Chew & Sons' Company, pub- 
lishers and proprietors. Harry C. Dole, editor. 

THE CAMDEN DEMOCRAT.— Camden. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. C. S. Magrath, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

CAMDEN POST-TELEGRAM.— Camden. Daily, in the 
afternoon. Republican. Post-Telegram Co., proprie- 
tors. Upton S. Jefferys, editor. F. F. Patterson, Jr., 
manager. 

THE COURIER.— Camden. Daily, In the afternoon. Re- 
publican. Courier Publishing Association, proprietors. 



232 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

CAMDEN PLAINDEALER.— Camden. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day, Democratic. William J. Paul & Co., publishers. 

NEW JERSEY GAZETTE.— Camden. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. A. C. Graw, editor and publisher. 

CAMDEN COUNTY JOURNAL (German).— Camden. 
Weekly, on Friday. Louis Holler, editor and pub- 
lisher, 

ECHO.— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. Religious. A A. 
Holt, editor and proprietor. 

ADVERTISER.— Gloucester .City. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. William D. Jenkins, editor and publisher. 

THE TRIBUNE.— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Saturday. Re- 
publican. W. G. Taylor, editor and publisher. 

STOCKTON TIMES.— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
John J. Tischner, publisher. 

EAST SIDE PRESS.— Camden. Weekly, on Thursday. 
George Carpenter Connor, editor and publisher, 

MERCHANTVILLE TIMES.— Merchantville. Weekly, on 
Saturday. William J. Paul, editor and publisher. 

HADDON GAZETTE.— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Friday. 
Clymer Brothers, publishers. Allen Clymer, editor. 

MAGNOLIA PRESS.— Magnolia. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Repubhcan. C. J. Klein, publisher. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

STAR OF THE CAPE.— Cape May City. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday, during the whole year, and Daily during July 
and August. Republican. Star of the Cape Publish- 
ing Co., proprietors. Aaron W. Hand, general man- 
ager. 

CAPE MAY WAVE.— Cape May City. Weekly, on Satur- 
day, during the whole year, and Dally during June, 
* July, August and September. Republican. John L. 
Landis, editor. J. Henry Edmunds, publisher and 
proprietor. 

CAPE MAY HERALD.— Cape May City. Republican. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Lewis T. Stevens, editor and 
proprietor. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY GAZETTE.-Cape May Court 
House. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. Alfred 
Cooper, editor and publisher. 

SENTINEL.— Ocean City. Weekly, on Thursday. Repub- 
lican. R. Curtis Robinson, editor and proprietor. 

FIVE MILE BEACH JOURNAL.— Wildwood. Independ- 
ent. Weekly, on Thursday. Jed Dubois, editor and 
proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 233 

OCEAN CITY LEDGER.— Weekly, on Saturday. Prohibi- 
tion. Ocean City Ledger Publishing Co., proprietors. 
New Jersey Methodist Publishing Co. 

FIVE MILE BEACH SUN.— Wildwood. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Republican. T. C, Hamilton. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY TIMES.— Sea Isle City. W^eekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. Mathew Jefferson, editor 
and proprietor. 

ATLANTIC COAST GUIDE.— Ocean City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. T. F. Rose, editor and publisher. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

BRIDGETON CHRONICLE.— Bridgeton. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Chronicle Printing Co., pub- 
lishers. 

BRIDGETON PIONEER.— Bridgeton. Daily and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. George W. Mc- 
Cowan, editor and publisher. 

NEW JERSEY PATRIOT.-Bridgeton. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. John Cheeseman, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

BRIDGETON EVENING NEW^S.— Bridgeton. Republican. 
Evening News Company, publishers. J. W. Richardson, 
editor and manager. 

DOLLAR WEEKLY NEWS.— Bridgeton. Independent. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Evening News Company, pub- 
lishers. 

WEEKLY INDEPENDENT.— Vineland. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Populist. J. J. Streeter, editor and publisher. 

THE EVENING JOURNAL.— Vineland. Afternoon. Dem- 
ocratic. B. Franklin Ladd, editor. 

MILLVILLE REPUBLICAN AND REPORTER.— Mill- 
ville. Evening. Republican. Millville Republican and 
Publishing Co., publishers. George Doyles, editor. 

THE VINELAND NEWS.— Vineland. Afternoon. Re- 
publican. The News Publishing Co. James Cooper 
and Montevert Landis, editors. 

EVERY SATURDAY AND REPUBLICAN.— Vineland. 
Weekly. Republican. Charles F. Graff, publisher. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

NEWARY DAILY ADVERTISER.— Newark. Afternoon. 
Independent Republican. Advertiser Publishing Co., 
proprietors. James Martin, president. F. A. Austin, 
general manager. E. W. Drew, managing editor. 



234 New JlSRSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

NEWARK EVENING NEWS.— Newark. Afternoon. In- 
dependent. Evening News Publishing Co. Wallace M. 
Scudder, editor and publisher. 

THE MORNING STAR AND NEWARK ADVERTISER. 
Newark. Independent. Every morning, Sundays ex- 
cepted. James Martin, president. F. A. Austin, gen- 
eral manager. John J. Leidy, editor. 

NEW JERSEY FREIE ZEITUNG (German).— Newark. 
Daily, also Sunday edition. Republican. Mrs. B. Prieth, 
proprietress. William Katzeler, editor. Benedict 
Prieth, business manager. 

SUNDAY CALL.— Newark. Weekly, on Sunday. Inde- 
pendent. The Newark Call Printing and Publishing Co., 
publishers. G. Wisner Thorne, president and treasurer; 
C. G. VanGorden, secretary; William T. Hunt, G. Wis- 
ner Thorne and Louis Hannoch, directors. William T. 
Hunt, editor. 

SENTINEL OF FREEDOM.— Newark. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent Republican. Published by the Ad- 
vertiser Publishing Co. 

DER ERZAHLER (German).— Newark. Sunday edition 
of New Jersey Freie Zeitung. Weekly, on Sunday. Re- 
publican. Published at the New Jersey Freie Zeitung 
Ofnce. 

NEWARK PIONEER (German).— Newark. Weekly. In- 
dependent. F. E. Adler & Co., publishers. 

TOWN TALK.— Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Illus- 
trated Politico-social. T. E. Burke and Herman E. L. 
Beyer, editors and publishers. 

NEW JERSEY TRADE REVIEW.— Newark. Semi- 
monthly. Commercial. Paul V. Flynn, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

RAILROAD EMPLOYEE.— Newark. Monthly. B. E. 
Chapin, editor and publisher. 

THE NEWARK LEDGER.— Newark. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Democratic. Newark Leager Publishing Co., pro- 
prietors. 

FRUSTA, LA (Italian).— Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. 

LA MONTAGNA (THE MOUNTAIN) (Italian).— Repub- 
lican. Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. F. A. Fiore, 
editor. 

ROSEVILLE WEEKLY.— Newark. Weekly, on Friday. 
A. K. Davidson, editor and publisher. 

THE ORANGE CHRONICLE.— Orange. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. Frank W. Baldwin, editor. 
Orange Chronicle Publishing Co., publishers. 



New jersey newspapers. 236 

THE ORANGE JOURNAL.— Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. Joseph A. Birkholz, editor. Orange 
Journal Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE ORANGE ADVERTISER.— Orange. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. F. C. Shann, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

ORANGE VOLKSBOTE (German).— Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Democratic. F. G. Temme, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

EAST ORANGE GAZETTE.— East Orange. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Joseph A. Birkholz, editor. 
East Orange Publishing Co., publishers. 

EAST ORANGE RECORD.— East Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent. L. C. Gilles, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

SOUTH ORANGE BULLETIN.— South Orange. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Republican. Joseph A. Birkholz, editor. 

THE BLOOMFIELD CITIZEN.— Bloomfleld. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. William A. Ritscher, Jr., editor 
and proprietor. 

MONTCLAIR TIMES.— Montclair. Weekly, on Saturday- 
Republican. A. C. Studer, editor and publisher. 

THE MONTCLAIR HERALD.— Montclair. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Francis Leon Chrisman, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

ITEM.— Short Hills. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 

Gibbs & Wright, editors and publishers. 
THE CALDWELL NEWS.— Caldwell. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. 

NEWS.— Irvington. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Irvington News Publishing Co., editors and publishers. 

SUN.— Nutley. Weekly, on Friday. James D. Foy, pub- 
lisher. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

THE CONSTITUTION.— Woodbury. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. The Constitution Company, pub- 
lishers. Louis W. Albright, editor. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEMOCRAT. — Woodbury. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Democratic. J. D. Carpenter, 
editor and publisher. 

WEEKLY ITEM.— Newfield. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. A. C. Dalton. editor and publisher. 

ENTERPRISE.— Glassboro. Weekly, on Saturday, Re- 
publican. A. M. Seabrook, editor and publisher. 

SWEDESBORO NEWS.— Swedesboro. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. George W. Pither, editor and pub- 
lisher. 



236 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

PAULSBORO PRESS.— Paulsboro. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. E. L. Leonard, editor and publisher. 

WOODBURY DAILY TIMES.— Woodbury. Daily, except 
Sunday. Independent. Hawn & Wilson, editors and 
publishers. 

REPORTER.— Clayton. Weekly, on Wednesday. Inde- 
pendent. A. F. Jenkins, editor and publisher. 

HOME GUIDE.— National Park. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Clement L. Burtnett, editor. 

THE SUN.— Paulsboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
Charles G. William, editor and publisher. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 

THE EVENING JOURNAL.^Jersey City. Afternoon. 
Republican. Evening Journal Association, proprietors. 
Elbert Rappleye, editor. Joseph A. Dear, business man- 
ager. 

JERSEY CITY HERALD,— Jersey City. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. J. J. Dowling and J. McCue, pro- 
prietors. 

JERSEY CITY DEMOCRAT.— Jersey City. Weekly. Dem- 
ocratic. J. F. Norton, proprietor. 

THE CHRONICLE.— Jersey City. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Chronicle Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE JERSEY CITY NEWS.— Jersey City. Afternoon. 
Democratic. The City Publishing Company, publishers. 

THE MIRROR.— Jersey City. Weekly. Independent. 
Abraham Lincoln Graham, editor. 

THE OBSERVER.— Hoboken. Afternoon. Democratic. 
Hoboken Printing and Publishing Company, publishers. 
Thomas McKeon, editor. 

THE INQUIRER.— Hoboken. Weekly, on Saturday. Dem- 
ocratic. Philip Daab, proprietor. W. W. B^axter, 
editor. 

WACHT AM HUDSON (German).— Hoboken. Afternoon. 
H. E. Schneider & Co., publishers and editors. 

[They also publish the BELLES-LETTRES JOUR- 
NAL, NEWS FROM GERMANY, SAXON JOURNAL, 
NEW PRUSSIAN GAZETTE, RUNDSCHAU and 
NEW JERSEW STAATS ZEITUNG, weekly German 
journals.] 

DEMOCRAT (German).— Hoboken. Weekly, on Saturday. 
William Faas, publisher. 

BAYONNE HERALD.— Bayonne. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. H. C. Page, editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 237 

BAYONNE TIMES-STANDARD.— Bayonne. Daily. Re- 
publican. Bayonne Printing and Publishing- Co. J. T. 
R. Proctor, editor. 

BAYONNE DEMOCRAT.— Bayonne. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Michael R. Freel, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DISPATCH.— Union Hill. Daily. 
Democratic. 

KEARNY RECORD.— Harrison. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. Philip A. McAviney, editor and proprietor. 

THE OBSERVER.— Arlington. Weekly, on Saturday. J. 
E. Beckwith, editor and proprietor. 

WEST HUDSON PRESS.— Kearny. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. L. E. Travis, editor. Kearny Pub- 
lishing' Co., proprietors. 

HUDSON COUNTY REVUE (German).— Union Hill. Dem- 
ocratic. Weekly. Michel & Rank, publishers. 

PALISADE NEWS AND REPORTER.— West Hoboken. 
Independent. Weekly, on Saturday. John H. Leonard, 
editor and publisher. 

NORTH HUDSON NEWS.— West Hoboken. Independ- 
ent. A. L. Ransom, editor. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY DEMOCRAT. — Flemington. 
Weekly, on Tuesday. Democratic. Anthony Killgore, 
editor and proprietor. 

DEMOCRAT-ADVERTISER.— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. H. M. Voorhees, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

HUNTERDON REPUBLICAN.— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican, William G. Callis, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE BEACON.— Lambertville. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Phineas K. Hazen & Son, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

THE LAMBERTVILLE RECORD.— Lambertville. Week- 
ly, on Wednesday. Republican. Jessie E. Pierson, ed- 
itor and publisher. 

DEMOCRATIC WAGE-WORKER.— Lambertville. Peo- 
ple's Democratic. Weekly.on Wednesday. John 
Kearns, publisher. 

WEEKLY ARGUS.— Lambertville. Weekly, on Tuesday. 
B. H, Joiner & Son, editors and publishers. 



238 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE CLINTON DEMOCRAT.— Clinton. Semi-weekly, on 
Tuesday and Friday. Democratic. John Carpenter & 
Son, editors and publishers. 

HUNTERDON INDEPENDENT.— Frenchtown. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. John R. Hardon, editor ana 
publisher. 

THE STAR.— Frenchtown. Weekly, on Wednesday. Inde- 
pendent. William H. Sipes, editor and publisher. 

MILFORD LEADER.— Milford. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. W. H. Farrand, proprietor. 

THE AVALANCHE.— Glen Gardner. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. E. W. Rush, editor and publisher. 

THE HUNTERDON GAZETTE.— High Bridge. Weekly. 
Republican. High Bridge Printing Company, propri- 
etor. 

WEEKLY REVIEW.— White House Station. George W. 
Shampanore & Sons, publishers. 

AMERICAN GAME - KEEPER.— Woodglen. Weekly. 
Poultry. A. L. Shampanore, editor and publisher. 

"MERCER COUNTY. 

STATE GAZETTE.— Trenton. Daily and Weekly. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Republican. The John L. Murphy Pub- 
lishing Co., proprietors. Thomas Holmes, editor. 

TRUE AMERICAN.— Trenton. Daily. Democratic. True 
American Publishing Co. Henry B. Reiley, editor. 

THE TRENTON EVENING TIMES. Trenton. Afternoon 
and Weekly. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent Re- 
publican. Trenton Times Co., publishers. 

THE NEW JERSEY STAATS JOURNAL (German).- 
Trenton. Semi-weekly. Republican. Ernest C. Stahl, 
editor and proprietor. 

SUNDAY ADVERTISER.— Trenton. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Independent. Advertiser Publishing Co., editors and 
proprietors. 

AMERICAN POTTERS' JOURNAL.— Trenton. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Labor. John A. McCormick, editor and 
proprietor. 

TRADES UNION ADVOCATE.— Trenton. Weekly, Fri- 
day. Labor. Reuben Forker, editor and publisher. 

THE TRENTON DEUTSCHE ZEITUNG (German).^ 
Trenton. Weekly. Republican. Otto Erdlen, editor 
and publisher. 

HIGHTSTOWN GAZETTE.— Hightstown. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Fred. B, Appleget, editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 239 

HIGHTSTOWN INDEPENDENT.— Hightstown. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Indepent. J. Mount Smith, editor and 
proprietor. 

PRINCETON-HIGHTSTOWN SIGNAL-ENTERPRISE.— 
Princeton. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. Richard 
D. Norton, editor. Elmer W. Rousseau, manager. 

PRINCETON PRESS.— Princeton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. C. S. Robinson & Co., editors and pub- 
lishers. 

THE DAILY PRINCETONIAN.— Princeton. Published 
daily, except Sundays, during the college year. Devoted 
to the interests of Princeton University. Edited by stu- 
dents. 

THE HOPEWELL HERALD.— Hopewell. W^eekly, on 
Tuesday. Independent. Race & Savidge, editors and 
publishers. 

THE PENNINGTON POST.— Pennington. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday. W. B. R. Mason, publisher 
and proprietor. T. D. Durling, editor. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

THE HOME NEWS.— New Brunswick. Every afternoon, 
except Sunday. Independent. Hugh Boyd, proprietor. 
Arthur H. Boyd, editor and manager. 

THE WEEKLY HOME NEWS.— New Brunswick. Pub- 
lished every Thursday afternoon. Independent. Arthur 
H. Boyd, editor. 

DAILY PRESS.— New Brunswick. Morning, also Weekly, 
on Friday. Republican. New Brunswick Publishing 
Co. William B. Prickitt, editor and manager. 

THE TIMES.— New Brunswick. Afternoon and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. The Times Pub- 
lishing Co., publishers. Francis W. Daire, editor. 

THE CHRONICLE.-Perth Amboy. Daily. Perth Amboy 
Publishing Co., publishers. H. E. Pigersgill, editor. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Perth Amboy. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. Democrat PubHsh- 
ing Co., proprietors. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY HERALD.— Perth Amboy. Inde- 
pendent. Herald Publishing Co. 

THE EVENING NEWS.— Perth Amboy. Daily and 
Weekly. Independent. Perth Amboy Evening News 
Co. J. Logan Clevenger, editor. 

FOLKEBLAD (Danish - Norwegian). — Perth Amboy 
Weekly. Independent. J. P. Holm, editor and pub- 
lisher. 



240 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

WEEKLY REGISTER.— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. H. B. Rollinson, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE NEWS.— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Friday. Wood- 
bridge News Publishing Co., proprietors. M. H. Clark, 
editor. 

THE RECORDER.— Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. S. B. D. Prickitt, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE METUCHEN INQUIRER.— Metuchen. Weekly. 
Miss Gladys Kempsen, editor and proprietor. 

THE ADVANCE.— Jamesburg. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Printed and published by the New Jersey State School 
for Boys. 

THE CITIZEN.— South Amboy. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. M. N. Roll, editor and publisher. 

THE PRESS.— Cranbury, Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. George W. Burroughs, editor and proprietor. 

THE DUNELLEN WEEKLY CALL.- Dunellen. Weekly, 
on Thursday. George W. Day, proprietor. 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

THE MONMOUTH INQUIRER.— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Maxey Applegate, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONMOUTH DEMOCRAT.— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Joseph A. Yard, editor and 
manager. 

THE TRANSCRIPT.— Freehold. Weekly, on Friday. Dem- 
ocratic. Moreau Bros. (Alex. L. Moreau), publishers 
and proprietors. 

NEW JERSEY STANDARD.— Red Bank. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. William A. Sweeney, editor. 
Credo Harris, proprietor. 

RED BANK REGISTER.— Red Bank. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. John H. Cook, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT ENTERPRISE.— Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. A. F. Walling, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT WEEKLY.— Keyport. Weekly, on Saturday, 
independent. E. D. Pettys, editor and proprietor. 

THE LONG BRANCH RECORD.— Long Branch. Daily 
and weekly, on Friday. Independent-Democratic. F. 
M. Taylor Publishing Company. B. B. Bobbitt, editor. 

LONG BRANCH NEWS.— Long Branch. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Long Branch News Co., pub- 
lishers. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 241 

THE LONG BRANCH HERALD.— Long Branch. Inde- 
pendent. Weekly, on Friday. Jacob Stults, editor. 

THE LONG BRANCH PRESS.— Long- Branch. Weekly. 
Independent. Long- Branch Press Co. 

CITY JOURNAL.— Long Branch City. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. D. H. Van Brunt, publisher. 

THE TAXPAYER AND WORKINGMAN.— Long Branch. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Joseph A. Poole, editor. 

THE MATAWAN JOURNAL.— Matawan. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor 
and proprietor. 

THE JOURNAL.— Asbury Park. Daily and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. The Journal Com- 
pany, proprietors. 

THE SHORE PRESS.— Asbury Park. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Democratic. J. L. Kinmonth, publisher and 
proprietor. 

THE EVENING PRESS.— Asbury Park. June, July. 
August and September. J. L. Kinmonth, publisher 
and proprietor. 

OCEAN GROVE TIMES.— Ocean Grove. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Republican. J. E. Quinn, editor. E. N. Wool- 
ston, manager. 

THE ADVERTISER.— Eatontown. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. William T. Cole, editor, publisher and 
proprietor. 

THE COAST STAR DEMOCRAT.— Manasquan. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. W. E. Hoskins, editor and 
proprietor. 

MANASQUAN NEWS.— Manasquan. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. Theo. F. Hults, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE COAST ECHO.— Belmar. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Conrad Pinches, editor and publisher. 

TPIE JOURNAL.— Atlantic Highlands. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. A. G. Hall, proprietor. 

SEASIDE GAZETTE.— Spring Lake Beach. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. E. S. V. Stultz, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

MONMOUTH PRESS.— Atlantic Highlands. Republican. 
Weekly, on Saturday. William J. Leonard, editor. 

SEA BRIGHT SENTINEL.— Sea Bright. Weekly, on 
Thursday (May to September). Independent. Sentinel 
Co., publishers. 

SEA BRIGHT NEWS.— Sea Bright. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sea Bright Publishing Co. P. Hall 
Packer, editor. 
16 



242 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

ALLENTOWN MESSENGER.— Weekly, on Thursday. 
J. W. Naylor, editor and publisher. 

THE SEACOAST NEWS.— Bradley Beach. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. C. Arthur Hall, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

HIGHLANDS HE RAL.D.— Highlands. On Saturday. In- 
dependent. Co-operative Press Co., publishers. Will- 
iam J. Leonard, editor. 

RED BANK INDEPENDENT.— Red Bank. On Saturday. 
Independent. Co-operative Press Co., publishers. 
William J. Leonard, editor. 

MAIL AND EXPRESS.— Red Bank. Weekly, Friday. 
Republican. Louis O. Somerset, editor. 

OCEANIC ADVANCE.— Oceanic. On Saturday. Indepen- 
dent. Co-operative Press Co., publishers. William J. 
Leonard, editor. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

THE JERSEYMAN.— Morristown. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. Pierson & Surdam, proprietors. I. R. 
Pierson, editor. 

TRUE DEMOCRATIC BANNER.— Morristown. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. Vogt Brothers, editors and 
proprietors. 

THE MORRIS COUNTY CHRONICLE.— Morristown. 
Weekly, on Tuesday. Republican. Pierson & Surdam, 
publishers. 

THE EXPRESS.— Morristown. Democratic Tuesday 
and Friday. Abraham L. Adams, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE DAILY RECO-RD.— Morristown. Independent. B. H. 
Tomlinson, proprietor. 

THE IRON ERA.— Dover. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. Dover Printing Co., editors and publishers. 

DOVER INDEX.— Dover. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Frank F. Hummell, editor and proprietor. 

THE DOVER ADVANCE.— Dover. Semi-weekly. Mon- 
days and Thursdays. Independent. Harry R. Gill, 
editor and publisher. 

THE BULLETIN.— Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. Samuel L. Garrison, editor and publisher. 

THE TIMES.— Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Charles L. Grubb, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE.— Madison. Weekly, on Friday. Independ- 
ent. Edgar C. Markham, editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 243 

THE RECORD.— Rockaway. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Sidney Collins, editor and publisher. 

THE STANHOPE EAGLE.— Netcong-. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday. George T. Keech, editor and 
proprietor. 

UNION TIMES.— Netcong. Weekly, on Wednesday. In- 
dependent. Charles W. Eaton, editor and publisher. 

CHATHAM PRESS.— Chatham. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. J. Thomas Scott, editor and proprietor. 

THE CHURCH AND HOME.— Morristown. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Religious. Rev. W. H. Sherman, editor. 

THE ARGUS.— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. 
Finch «& Decker, editors and publishers. 

THE BUTLER PRESS.— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. 
Lewis H. Decker, editor and publisher. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY COURIER.— Toms River. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. W. H. Fischer, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

OCEAN COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Toms River. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. C. Leland Haslett, editor 
and piiblisher. 

TIMES AND JOURNAL.— Lakewood. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Leslie R. Fort, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE BEACON.— Point Pleasant. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Roy and Fred Havens, editors and proprietors. 

THE TUCKERTON BEACON.— Tuckertor», Weekly. Ben- 
jamin H. Crosby, editor and publisher. 

LAKEWOOD CITIZEN.— Lakewood. Weekl>. on Friday. 
Harry T. Hagaman, editor and publisher 

PRESS.— New Egypt. Weekly, on Friday. Moore Bros., 
editors and publishers. 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

PATERSON GUARDIAN.— Paterson. Afternoon and 
Weekly. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. Guardian 
Printing and Publishing Co., publishers and proprie- 
tors. Clarence H. Baxter, editor. 

THE PATERSON PRESS.— Paterson. Afternoon and 
Weekly. Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. The Press 
Printing and Publishing Co., publishers and proprietors. 
George Wurts, editor. 



ZU NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE MORNING CALL.— Paterson. Daily, except Sunday. 
Republican. The Call Printing and Publishing Co., pro- 
prietors and publishers. Joseph E. Crowell, editor. 

EVENING NEWS.— Paterson. Daily, afternoon, except 
Sunday. Independent. News Printing and Publishing 
Co., proprietors. E. B. Haines, editor. 

SUNDAY CHRONICLE.— Paterson. Sunday. Independ- 
ent. Paterson Chronicle Co., proprietors. Charles A. 
Shriner, editor and manager. 

PATERSON TELEGRAM.— Paterson. Sunday. Demo- 
cratic. John J. O'Rourke, editor and proprietor. 

PATERSON VOLKS-FREUND (German). — Paterson. 
Daily, afternoon. Independent. The German-Ameri- 
can Printing and Publishing Co., proprietors and pub- 
lishers. William T. Apel, editor. 

DE TELEGRAF (Holland).— Paterson. Semi-weekly. . Re- 
publican. Tanis & Schrauder, publishers. 

PATERSON CENSOR.— Paterson. Monday. Printed rec- 
ord of the counties of Bergen and Passaic. A. E, & B. 
Vanderhoven, editors and proprietors. 

PASSAIC HERALD.— Passaic. Daily, afternoon. Demo- 
cratic. Robert G. Bremner, editor and publisher. 

PASSAIC DAILY NEWS.— Passaic. Afternoon. Indepen- 
dent. George M. Hartt, editor. News Publishing Co., 
proprietors and publishers. 

THE RECORD.— Passaic. Weekly. Republican. O. S 
Freeman, editor and publisher. 

WOCHENBLATT (German).— Passaic. Saturday. Moritz 
Lindenstruth, editor. 

SALEM COUNTY. 

SALEM STANDARD AND JERSEYMAN— Salem. Week- 
ly, on Wednesday. Republican. Standard and Jersey- 
man Co., publishers. William H. Chew, editor. 

SALEM SUNBEAM.— Salem. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Robert Gwynne, editor. Sunbeam Publishing 
Co., publishers. 

THE MONITOR-REGISTER.- Woodstown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Benjamin Patterson, proprietor. 

PENNSGROVE RECORD.— Pennsgrove. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. W. A. Summerill, proprietor. 

ELMER TIMES.— Elmer. Weekly, on Friday. Indepen- 
dent. S. P. Foster and G. W. Hawn. editors and pub- 
lishers. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 245 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

THE SOMERSET MESSENGER.— Somerville. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Democratic. John H. Mattison, editor 
and publish<^r. 

THE UNIONIST-GAZETTE.— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. The Unionist-Gazette Associa- 
tion, publishers. Charles H. Batem.an, editor and 
manager. 

THE SOMERSET DEMOCRAT.— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. E. M. Wight, proprietor. Carl- 
ton P. Hoagland. editor and manager. 

BOUND BROOK CHROi\ICLE.— Bound Brook. Weekly, 
on Friday. Republican. W. B. R, Mason, editor and 
publisher. 

STATE CENTRE-RECORD.— Bound Brook. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Daniel Clark, editor. 

DER SOMERSET BOTE (German).— Bound Brook. 
Weekly, on Tuesday. Democratic. Walter Reiss, edi- 
tor and publisher. 

THE NEWS.— Bernardsville. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. H. E. Rowell, editor, 

THE TIMES.— Bernardsville. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Independent. Joseph Kronenburg, editor. 

THE ROYAL CRAFTSMAN.— Somerville. Monthly. De- 
voted to Masonry. Somerset Publishing Co., publishers. 

NORTH PLAINFIELD WEEKLY REVIEW.— North 
Plainfield. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. Harry 
H. Webb, publisher. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 

THE SUSSEX REGISTER.— Newton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. Richard F. Goodman, editor and 
publisher. Robert E. Foster, assistant editor. 

THE NEW JERSEY HERALD.— Newton. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Jacob L. Bunnell and Martin 
J. Cox, editors and proprietors. Henry C. Bonnell, as- 
sistant editor. 

SUSSEX INDEPENDENT.— Sussex. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. J. J. Stanton and C. A. Wilson, editors. 

THE WANTAGE RECORDER.— Sussex. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. C. E. Stickney, editor. 

THE MILK REPORTER.— Sussex. Monthly. Agricul- 
ture. John J. Stanton, editor and proprietor. 

NEWTON RECORD AND BRANCHVILLE TIMES.— 
Newton. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. J. K. 
Baillie, Jr., editor. 



246 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

UNION COUNTY. 

ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAL.— Elizabeth. Afternoon. 

Republican. Joseph D. Lowden, editor. Augustus S. 

Crane, manager. 
THE SUNDAY LEADER.— Elizabeth. Independent. J. 

Madison Drake, Jr., editor and publisher. 

THE EVENING TIMES.— Elizabeth. Democratic. The 
Elizabeth Printing and Publishing Co. Nelson E. 
Barton, manager. J. Leo Sauer, editor. 

UNION COUNTY RECORD.— Elizabeth. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Isaac Newton Lewis, editor and publisher. 

FREIE PRESSE (German).— Elizabeth. Evening. Dem- 
ocratic. Henry S. Altai, editor. 

THE UNION DEMOCRAT.— Rahway. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Lewis S. Hyer, editor. J. I. Collins, 
business manager. 

THE NEW JERSEY ADVOCATE.— Rahway. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. H. B. Rollinson, editor and 
publisher, 

NEW JERSEY LAW JOURNAL.— Plainfield. Monthly. 
New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Co., publishers. A. 
V. D. Honeyman, editor. 

THE DAILY PRESS.— Plainfield. Published at the office 
of the CONSTITUTIONALIST. Democratic. A. L. 
Force, proprietor. 

CENTRAL NEW JERSEY TIMES.— Plainfield. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Times Publishing Co. 

THE CONSTITUTIONALIST.— Plainfield. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. A. L. Force, publisher. 

THE PLAINFIELD COURIER-NEWS.— Plainfield. After- 
noon. Republican. George H. Frost, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE EVENING STAR.— Plainfield. Independent. Even- 
ing. Henry J. Talford, editor and proprietor. 

THE SUMMIT RECORD.— Summit. Democratic. Week- 
ly. Alfred J. Lane, proprietor. 

THE SUMMIT HERALD.— Summit. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. J, W. Clift, publisher. 

THE UNION COUNTY STANDARD.— Westfleld. Week- 
ly, on Saturday. The Standard Publishing Concern. 
Lloyd Thompson, editor and manager. 

THE CRANFORD CHRONICLE.— Weekly, on Wednesday. 
John Alfred Potter, editor and publisher. 

THE CRANFORD CITIZEN.— Cranford. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. E. R. Clyma, editor and manager. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 247 

THE WESTFIELD LEADER.— Westfield. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. ' G. A. V. Hanklnson, editor. 

NORTH JERSEY ENTERPRISE.— Roselle. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Walter Scott, editor. Thomas H. Evans, 
business manager and publisher. 

WARREN COUNTY, 

BELVIDERE APOLLO.— Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. Josiah Ketchara estate. 

THE WARREN JOURNAL.— Belvidere. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Smith Brothers, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

HACKETTSTOWN GAZETTE.— Hackettstown. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. Charles Rittenhouse, editor 
and publisher. 

WARREN REPUBLICAN.— Hackettstown, Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. Curtis Brothers, proprietors. 
George P. Curtis, editor. 

THE WASHINGTON STAR.— Washington. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Charles L. Stryker, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE BLAIRSTOWN PRESS.— Blairstown. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. De Witt C. Carter, editor 
and publisher. 

THE WARREN TIDINGS.— Washington. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. J. B. R. Smith, proprietor. 

THE POST.— Phillipsburg. Evenings, except Sunday. Re- 
publican. Michael T. Lynch, proprietor and publisher, 

SUMMARY. 

There are 53 daily, 266 weekly and 6 Sunday papers alto- 
gether in New Jersey, of which 107 are Republican, 75 
Democratic, 100 Independent, 23 Neutral, 5 Labor, 1 Re- 
ligious, and 1 each as follows: Agricultural, Milk, Poultry, 
Populist, Railroad Employes, Law, Masonic, Prohibition, 
State School for Boys, College, Commercial and Theatrical. 
Twenty-three are published in the German language, two 
in Italian, one Holland and one Danish-Norwegian. 

The summary by counties is as follows: Atlantic, 15 
Bergen, 17; Burlington, 15; Camden, 15; Cape May, 10 
Cumberland, 13; Essex, 29; Gloucester, 9; Hudson, 26 
Hunterdon, 15; Mercer, 17; Middlesex, 20; Monmouth, 31 
Morris, IS; Ocean, 7; Passaic, 15; Salem, 5; Somerset, 10 
Sussex, 6; Union, 20; Warren, 8. Total, 325. 



248 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 



(For the years ending October 31, 1907,) 

CHAPTER 284. 

An act making appropriations for the support of the 
State government and for several public purposes for 
the fiscal year ending October 31st, 1907. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of 
the State of New Jersey': 

1. The following sums; or so much thereof as may be 
necessary, be and they are appropriated out of the State 
fund for the respective public officers and for the several 
purposes herein specified, for the fiscal year ending on 
the 31st day of October, in the year 1907, namely: 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

For the governor, for salary, $10,000; 

For private secretary of the governor, for salary, $4,000. 

For compensation for assistants in the executive de- 
pai'tment, $3,000; 

For additional allowance for compensation for assis- 
tance in the executive department, $300; 

For blanks and stationary for the use of the executive 
department, $600; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the executive department, $2,000. 

OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER. 

I^'or the comptroller, for salary, $6,000; 

For the deputy comptroller, for salary, $3,600; 

For compensation for all clerical services and expenses, 
including salary and expenses of the state auditor, $10,100; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
comptroller, $700; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the comptroller's office, $1,200. 

OFFICE OF THE TREASURER. 
For the treasurer, for salary, .$6,000; 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of 
the treasurer, $8,500; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 249 

For additional allowance for compensation for clerical 
services in the office of the treasurer, $600; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
treasurer, $650; • 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the treasurer, $650. 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE. 

For the secretary of state, for salary, $6,000. 

For the assistant secretary of state, for salary, $3,000; 

For compensation for clerical services in the otflce of 
the secretary of state, $11,350; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of secretary of state, $2,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
secretary of state, $5,300 r 

For the purpose of compiling, indices of wills, deeds and 
other records, in the general vault, of the office of the 
secretary of state, $2,400; 

For services and expenses for the purpose of carrying 
out the provisions of "An act respecting the recording 
of certificates and other papers relating to and affecting 
corporations," approved March 28th, 1904, 3,500. 

ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the attorney-general, for salary, $7,000; 

For the assistant attorney-general, for salary, $5,000; 

For compensation and expenses of assistants employed 
by the attorney-general, $9,700; 

For blanks and stationerj^ for use in the office of the 
attorney-general, $500; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the attorney-generals dpartment, $1,200. 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSORS. 

For the members of the state board of assessors, sal- 
aries, $10,000; 

For secretary of the state board of assessors, for sal- 
ary, $2,500; 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of 
the state board of assessors, $8,000; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
state board of assessors, $900; 

For postage, expressage arid other incidental expenses 
for the state board of assessors. 



250 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For compensation of local assessors and witnesses, and 
compensation and expenses of surveyors, pursuant to 
chapter 101 of the laws of 1884, $5,00. 

DEPARTMENT OF BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

For the commissioner of banking- and insurance, for 
salary, $6,000; 

For the deputy commissioner of banking and insurance, 
for salary, $2,50-}; 

For compensation for assistants in the department of 
banking and insurance, $8,000; 

For additional compensation for assistants in the de- 
partment of banking and insurance, $1,000; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the department 
of banking and insurance, $2,000; 

For postage, expressage and ether incidental expenses 
for the department of banking and insuranre, $2,500; 

For compensation of building and loan association ex- 
aminers, $15,300; 

For actual and necessary traveling and incidental per- 
sonal expenses of building and loan association examin- 
ers, $5,000; 

For necessary appraisals of real estate and all other 
incidental expenses in connection with examinations of 
building and loan associations, $1,200. 

BOARD OF EQUALIZATION OP TAXES. 
For salaries for president and four members, $19,000; 
salary for clerk, $2,500; salary of assistant clerk, $900; 
additional salary for assistant clerk, $300; for blanks, sta- 
tionery, etc., $400; for postage, expressage and incidentals, 
$500. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

For the librarian, for salary, $2,000; 

For compensation for assistants in the state library, 
$2,100; 

For the repair, preservation and purchase of useful 
books for the state library, $3,500; 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage and other 
incidental expenses for the state library, $600, 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

For the state board of health, pursuant to the provis- 
ions of chapter 68, laws of 1887, $1825; 

For compensation of assistants in the office of the State 
Board of Health, pursuant to said chapter, $8,240; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 251 

For compensation to the secretary of said board, pur- 
suant to said chapter, $2,500; 

For expenses to be incurred pursuant to chapter 225, 
laws of 188t), $2,000; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of state 
board of health, $1,400; 

For maintenance of the bacteriological laboratory, $5,500; 

For postage required in sending to the physicians of 
this state the annual report Of the state board of health 
and the bureau of vital statistics, $350; 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions 
of "An act to secure the puxnty of foods, beverages, con- 
fectionery, condiments, drugs and medicines, and to pre- 
vent deception in the distribution and sales thereof," 
passed at the legislature session of 1901, and "An act to 
prevent deception in the sale of oleomargarine, butterine 
or any imitation of dairy products, and to preserve the 
public health," pursuant to chapter 84 of the laws of 
1886, $14,880; 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions 
of a bill pending, entitled "An act to amend an act en- 
titled 'An act to secure the purity of foods, beverages, 
confectionery, condiments, drugs and medicines, and to 
prevent deception in the distribution and sales thereof,' " 
approved March 21st, 1901," $5,120, provided, said bill be- 
comes a law. 

BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 

For the chief of the bureau of statistics, for salary, 
$2,500; 

For the deputy chief of the bureau of statistics, for 
salary, $2,000; 

F-vr the current expenses of the bureau of statistics, 
$7,000; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
bureau of statistics, .?400. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

For the state house commission, for the care and safe- 
keeping of the state capitol, the property therein and 
adjacent public grounds, and for expenses to be incurred 
in carrying out the provisions of chapter 339 of the laws 
of 1894, $65,000. 

STATE MUSEUM. 

For curator, for salary, $1,500; 

For the commission to acquire new material for the 
museum and for blanks, stationery and other incidental 
expenses, $1,600. 



•&2 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

GEOLOGICAL, SURVEY. 

For salaries and expenses of the department of the 
geological survey, inclviding- the continuance of forestry 
investigations and expenses in connection with the pub- 
lication of the reports aiid maps of the geological survey, 
$16,500. 

SUPREME COURT. 

P'or the chief justice and associate justices of the Su- 
preme court, for salaries, $82,000; 

For the judges of the circuit court, for salaries, $30,000; 

For salary of an additional judge of the circuit courts, 
$7,500; 

For salaries of two additional judges of the circuit 
courts, $7,500; 

For comiDcnsation of sergeant- at-arms and criers, $1,300; 

For the payment of expenses incurred by order of the 
supreme court pursuant to chapter 149 of the laws of 
1900, $2,500; 

For blanks and stationery for use of the chief justice 
and associate justices of the supreme court. 



OFFICE OF CLERK OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

For the clerk of the supreme court, for salary, $6,000; 
For compensatinon for clerical service in the office of 
the clerk of the supreme court, $16,500; 

For additional allowance for compensation for clerical 
service in the office of the clerk of the supreme court, 
$750; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
clerk of the supreme court, $1,150; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the clerk of the supreme court, $1,500. 

COURT OF CHANCERY. 

For the chancellor, for salary, $10,000; 

For the vice-chancellor, for salaries, $70,000; 

For compensation of seargeant-at-arms, $4,300; 

For additional allowance for compensation of sergeant- 
at-arms, $200; 

For compensation of stenographers, and for services 
pursuant to section 103 of chapter 158, laws of 1902, $15,500; 

For compensation and allowance of advisory masters, 
$3,250; 

For rent of rooms in Camden, Jersey City, Newark, 
and Paterson, for the use of chancellor, vice-chancellors 
and advisory masters, $7,000; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 253 

For misceilaneoi'.s expenses in connection with such 
rooms, $200; 

For compensation of stenograplier for the chancellor, 



For allowance for stationery for the court of chancery, 
$500; 

OFFICE OP CLERK IN CHANCERY. 

B'or the clerk in chancery, for salary, $6,000; 

For compensation for clerical service in the office of 
the clerk in chancery, $24,500; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
clerk In chancery, $1,800; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the clerk in chancery, $2,075. 

COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

For compensation of judges of the court of errors and 
appeals, $19,000; 

For additional salary for the chancellor, chief justice 
and associate justices of the supreme court, $10,000; 

For compensation of officers of the court of errors and 
appeals, ?^525; 

For additional allowance for compensation of officers 
of the court of errors and appeals, $500; 

For furni^shing printed or typewritten copies of draft 
opinions under the direction of the presiding judge, $500. 

COURT OF PARDONS. 
For compensation for judges of court of pardons, $2,500; 

For- compensation of subordinate officers and incidental 
expenses, $300; 

For additional allowance for compensation of subordin- 
ate officers and incidental expenses, $1,200. 

LAW AND EQUITY REPORTS. 
For the publication of the chancery reports, $7,500; 
For the publication of the law reports, $5,200; 
For salary of chancery reporter, $500; 
For salary of supreme court reporter, $500; 
For binding chancery and law reports, $1,200. 

NATIONAL GUARD. 

For expenses for division, brigade and regimental head- 
quarters, $4,000; 

For allowances for two batteries of artillery, $2,000 each, 
$4,000; 



254 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For allowance for two troops of cavalry, at $2,000 each, 
including rent of armory, $4,000; 

For allowances for sixty companies of infantry, at 
$500 each, $30,000; 

For allowance for one signal and telegraph corps, 
$2,000; 

For transportation for battalion drills, inspections, pa- 
rades, and for pay anvl expenses of inspecting officers, 
$5,000; 

For compensation of officers and employes, and expenses 
incurred in connection with rifle practice, $4,500; 

For pay of officers and enlisted men, and expenses in 
connection with the annual encampment, $62,200; 

For compensation of the superintendent and employes, 
and for forage, fuel and maintenance of the state camp 
grounds, $10,000; 

For fuel, light and maintenance of the state arsenal, 
$1,500; 

For expenses of military boards and court-martial, 
$1,000; 

For transportation of disabled soldiers of the late re- 
bellion and the Spanish- American war, $50; 

For maintaining, heating and lighting armories at Jer- 
sey City, Camden, Newark, Paterson and Trenton, at 
$4,500 each, $22,500; 

For insuring regimental armories, buildings at the state 
camp grounds at Sea Girt, the state arsenal and all pub- 
lic military stores, $3,000; 

For ordn^ance stores, uniforms, clothing, camp and gar- 
rison equipage, freight and expressage and miscellaneous 
supplies, $8,000. 

NAVAL RESERVE. 

First battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500; 

For battalion headquarters, $300; 

For pay of shipkeeper, maintenance and expenses, 
$6,500; 

For pay and expenses of officers and men on annual 
cruise, $2,400; 

Second battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500; 

For battalion headquarters, $300; 

For pay of shipkeeper. maintenance and expenses, $4,500; 

For pay and expenses of officers and men on annual 
cruise, $1,800; 

For ordnance, stores, uniforms, clothing, freight, ex- 
pressage and miscellaneous supplies, $1,000; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 255 

ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the adjutant-general, for salary, $2,500; 

For compensation for clerical service in the adjutant- 
general's office, $5,560; 

For additional allowance for compensation for clerical 
service in the adjutant-general's office, $120; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the adjutant- 
general's offi-ce, $1,500; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the adjutant-general's office, $800; 

For clerical service, compiling data for the roster of 
officers and enlisted men of New Jersey in revolutionary 
and other wars, at Trenton, New Jersey, or elsewhere, 
$1,200; 

For additional allowance for clerical service, compiling 
data for the roster of officers and enlisted men of New 
Jersey in revolutionary and other wars, at Trenton, New 
Jersey, or elsewhere, $<)00; 

For annual dues to Interstate National Guard associa- 
tion, for the year 1907, $50; 

For compensation for extra clerical service in the ad- 
jutant-general's office, compiling roster of New Jersey 
troops in colonial, revolutionary and other wars, $2,520. 

QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the quartermaster-general, for salary, $2,500; 

For compensation for assistants in the department of 
the quartermaster-general, namely: 

For chief clerk, for salary, $2,100; 

For additional allowance for chief clerk, for salary, 
$400; 

For clerks, for salaries, $1,700; 

For military storekeeper, for salary, $1,200; 

For carpenter, machinist and to persons having in 
charge accoutrements, et caetera, cleaning arms, et caet- 
era, teamsters and laborers, for salaries, $4,579.25; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the quartermaster- 
general's department, $500; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the quartermaster- general's department, $450. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the commission having in charge the Monmouth 
battle monument and grounds, pursuant to chapter 118 
of the laws of 1886, $500. 



256 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

TRENTON BATTLE MONUMENT. 
For the Trenton Battle Monument association, for the 
purpose of keeping said property in good condition and 
repair, $500. 

PENSIONS. 

For amount required to pay pensions, pursuant to 
various acts relative thereto, $4684; 

For additional allowance for amount required to pay 
pensions, $900; provided, a bill pending, entitled "An act 
for -the relief of John Fitzgerald," becomes a law. 

HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS AT KEARNY. 

For support of the New Jersey home for disabled 
soldiers at Kearny, and for. the chaplain thereof, $50,000. 

SOLDIERS' STATE PAY. 
For claims of volunteers in the Civil war, for state pay 
pursuant to chapter 13 of the laws of 1861, $100. 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY. 

For trustees of the Washington association of New 
Jersey, $2,500. 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 

For the state board of agriculture, $8,000; 

For the state board of agriculture, for the purpose of 
carrying out the provisions of an act to prevent the 
introduction into and spread of injurious insects in New 
Jersey, to provide a meihod for compelling their destruc- 
tion, to create the office of state entomologist, to author- 
ize inspection of nurseries and to provide for certificates 
of inspection, $3,000. 

TUBERCULOSIS COMMISSION. 
For expenses and payment by the state tuberculosis 
commission, $15,500. 

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. 

For salaries and expenses of the agricultural experi- 
ment station, $20,000; 

For printing bulletins of the agricultural experiment 
station, $1,500; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 257 

For expenses incurred by the New Jersey agricultural 
experiment station in carrying out the provisions of 
"An act concerning the regulation of the sale of concen- 
trated commercial feeding stuffs," $3,000. 

BOARD OF VISITORS TO THE AGRICULTURAL COL- 
LEGE OF NEW JERSEY. 

For the board of visitors of the agricultural college of 
New Jersey, for personal expenses incurred pursuant to 
chapter 3fi5 of the laws of 1873, $50; 

For advertising pursuant to chapter 9 of the laws of 
1879, $90. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

For traveling expenses of manager, $900; 

For expenses in transferring insane convicts, $200; 

For medical examination of insane convicts, $300. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT TRENTON. 

For maintenance of county patients, at the rate of 
$2 per week, $105,000; 

For support and clothing insane convicts, at the rate 
of $5 per week for each insane convict, $12,000; 

For support and clothing of indigent patients, at the 
rate of $4 per week, $35,000; 

For salaries of officers, $12,500; 

For additional alowance for salaries of officers, $1,500; 

For appraisement of personal property, $75. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORRIS PLAINS. 

For maintenance of county patients, at the rate of $2 
per week, $130,000; 

For support and clothing of insane convicts, at the 
rate of $5 per week for each insane convict, $18,200; 

For support and clothing of indigent patients, at the 
rate of $4 per week, $78,000; 

For salaries of officers, $14,550; 

For additional allowance for salaries of officers, $1,000; 

For appraisement of personal property, $75. 

COUNTY LUNATIC ASYLUMS. 
For the support of county patients in the Essex county 
lunatic asylum, $107,000; 
In the Hudson county lunatic asylum, $60,000; 
In the Camden county lunatic asylum, $21,500; 
In the Burlington county lunatic asylum^ $16,000; 
17 



258 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

In the Passaic county lunatic asylum, $4,000; 
In the Gloucester county lunatic asylum, $1,200; 
In the Cumberland county lunatic asylum, $14,000; 
In the Salem county lunatic asylum, $2,000; 
In the Atlantic county lunatic asylum, $7,500. 

STATE PRISON. 

For maintenance of convicts, $112,000; 

For furniture, appliances and repairs of state prison, 
$10,000; 

For the principal keeper, for salary, $3,500; 

For the supervisor, for salary, $3,000; 

For physicians, deputy keepers and employes, for sal- 
aries, $95,000; 

For the six inspectors, for salaries, $3,000; 

For the keeper, for rayments to discharged convicts, 
$3,000; 

For teacher and moral instructor to the convicts in 
the State prison, pursuant to section 7, chapter 155 of the 
laws of 1876, for salary, $1,000. 

For traveling and other necessary expenses incurred 
by the parole agent, pursuant to chapter 232, laws of 1905, 
$950. 

STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey state home for boys, 
$80,000; 

For the trustees of said home, for expenses incurred 
by them in the discharge of their duties, $500; 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey state home for girls, 
for the support and necessary repairs to the home, $33,000; 

For the trustees of said home, for expenses incurred 
in the discharge of their duties, $500; 

For the services of a physician and medical supplies, 
$600; 

For the services of a music teacher, $500. 

STATE BOARD OF ARBITRATION. 

For the members of the board of arbitration, for salary, 
16,000; 

For the secretary of the state board of arbitration, for 
salary, $200; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 259 

BOARD OF FISH AND GAME COMMISSIONERS. 

For the fish and game "vvardens, including- tlie fish and 
game protector, for compensation, $15,600; 

For expenses of the fish and game wardens and fish 
and game protector, $5,100; 

For the purpose of stocking the waters of the state with 
food fishes and for defraying tlie cost of maintaining a 
hatchery and for tlie protection and propagation of birds 
and game animals within this state, $5,000: 

For expenses of the fish and game commissioners, $1,000; 

For printing game laws, license blanks, et caetera, $750. 

BLIND AND FEEBLE-MINDED. 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of 
the blind persons, inhabitants of this state, $10,000; 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of 
the feebly-minded persons, inhabitants of this state, $72,- 
000; 

For maintenance, support and instruction of feeble- 
minded women, $30,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. 

For the commissioner, for salary, $2,.500; 

For the assistant commissioner, for salary, $1,500; 

For eleven inspectors, for salaries, $11,000; 

For departjnent clerks, for services, $27.50; 

For printing, postage, expressage and other incidental 
expenses, $1,000; 

For expenses of commissioners, assistant commissioners 
and inspectors, $5,150. 

STATE CHARITIES AID ASSOCIATION. 
For expenses of the association, .$600. 

STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 
To the treasurer of the New Jersey State Horticultural 
society, the sum of $400. 

STATE OYSTER COIMMISSIONER FOR THE DIS- 
TRICT OF OCEAN COUNTY. 

For the commissioners, for salaries, $750; 

For the superintendent, for salary, $1,000; 

For patrol service, $1,000; 

For incidental expenses, $.nOO; provided, all bills are ap- 
proved by the governor; 

For oftice rent, $50. 



260 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

ADA^ERTISING. 

For advertising proclamations issued by the governor, 
notices of the attorney-general in relation to delinquent 
miscellaneous corporations, and notices of the comptroller 
in regard to public printing, et caetera, $6,000. 

PRINTING. 

For printing- and binding public documents, $45,000; 

For compensation of an expert printer for services in 
preparation of specifications for bids, supervision of 
work, examination of bills, and such other duties as may 
by law be imposed upon him, ?600; 

For preparing index of session laws, $100; 

For printing and circvilation of the laws, $7,000. 

PUBLIC ROADS. 

For the public roads, $250,000, 

For state commissioner of public roads, for salary, 
$5,000; 

For compensation of supervisor for assisting the state 
commissioner of public roads in supervising, construct- 
ing and performing such other duties as necessity may 
resuire, $2,500; 

For expenses for clerk hire, consulting engineer, fees, 
stationery and actual traveling expenses, $4,000. 

ARMORY FOR FIRST TROOP, CAVALRY. 
For the purpose of erecting an armory in the city of 
'Newark, for the use of first troop, cavalry, pursuant 
to chapter 204 of the laws of 1903, $50,000; 

LEGISLATURE. 

For compensation of senators and members of the 
general assembly, $40,833.32; 

For compensation of ctficers and employes of the leg- 
islature, $30,150; 

For stationery for use of the legislative session, pur- 
suant to chapter 208 of the laws of 1868, $500; 

For manuals of the legislature of New Jersey, $2,000; 

For indexing the journal of the senate and minutes of 
the executive sessions and minutes of the house of assem- 
bly, and other incidental and contingent expenses of the 
legislature, $G,70O; 

For toilet and other necessary supplies for use at the 
legislative session, to be furnished by the state house 
commission, $1,000. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 261 

COLLATERAL INHERITANCE TAX. 

For surrogates' fees, appraisers' compensation and ex- 
penses, legal and other disbursements, pursuant to chap- 
ter 210 of the laws of 181)4, $12,000. 

INSURANCE. 

For insurance upon state house and contents thereof, 

$3,500. 

REFUNDING TAXES ON MISCELLANEOUS COR- 
PORATIONS. 

For taxes improperly levied upon corporations and 
to be refunded, pursuant to law, $500. 

WEATHER SERVICE. 
For the continuance of weather stations and prepara- 
tion, printing- and distribution of reports, pursuant to 
chapter 258 of the laws of 1892, $1,000. 

BODIES THROWN UPON SHORES OF THE STATE 
BY SHIPWRECK. 

For expenses incurred in \iewing' bodies cast upon 
shores by shipwreck, $100. 

COURT EXPENSES. 

For compensation of judges of the court of common 
pleas, pursuant to section 49, chapter 149 of the laws of 
1900, $1,000. 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE FUND. 
To the treasurer of Rutgers college, for interest on 
$116,000, certificates of indebtedness of the state of New 
Jersey, due January 1st and July 1st, 1907, pursuant to 
the provisions of chapter 135 of the laws of 1896, $5,800. 

RIPARIAN COMMISSION. 

For salaries of riparian commissioners, $6,000; 
For salaries and expenses incurred in the prosecution 
of the work of the commissioners, $6,500. 

OBSTRUCTIONS TO NAVIGATION. 
For expenses incurred in removing any boat, barge or 
scow stranded or sunk in any of the navigable rivers of 
this state, $300. 



262 THE APPROiPRTATION LAW. 

MANUAL TRAINING AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL 
FOR COLORED YOUTH. 

For maintenance of the manual training and industrial 
school for colored youth, $8,500. 

NEW JERSEY SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 
For the New Jersey school for the deaf for the teach- 
ing, maintenance and clothing of pupils taught therein, 
for purchase and repair of furniture, school apparatus 
and other appliances, for making needed improvements 
and repairs in the buildings and grounds, for insurance 
(hereof, and for maintaining the system of manual and 
industrial education in said school, $45,000. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 
For the support of the state normal school, $50,000; 
For necessary repairs to the grounds, buildings and 
furniture, and for keeping the same insured, $4,000. 

FREE SCHOOL LIBRARIES. 
For the formation of libraries in the free public schools 
of the state, $7,000. 

FARNUM PREPARATORY SCHOOL. 

For the support of the Farnum preparatory school at 
Beverly, $2,250. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 

For payments to schools established for industrial ed- 
ucation, pursuant to chapter 164 of the laws of 1881, $21,000; 
For payment to schools for manual training, $60,000. 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

For salary of state superintendent of public instruc- 
tion, $5,000; 

For salary of assistant superintendent and for clerical 
services in the office of state superintendent of public 
instruction, $9,000; 

For additional allowance for salary of assistant super- 
intendent and for clerical services in the office of state 
superintendent of public instruction, $1,000; 

For stationery and blanks, $4,000; 

For necessary incidental expenses incurred by the 
state superintendent of public instruction in the perfor- 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 263 

mance of his official duties and for supervision of manual 
training, $2,500; 

For 1,000 copies of the manual of the legislature of New 
Jersey, as provided by chapter 109, laws of 1904, ' $1,000; 
provided, manuals are furnished schools not heretofore 
having received them, so far as possible, and all public 
schools be included in the distribution. 

SCHOOL FUND EXPENSES. 

For necessary legal and other expenses incurred by or 
under the direction of the trustees for the support of 
public schools in the Investment and protection of the 
school fund, and in the collection of the income thereof, 
$3,500. 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. 

For necessary expenses of the state board of education, 
$3,000; 

For procurmg plans for school houses, $500; 

For expenses of bureau of information for teachers and 
school officers, $500. 

TEACHERS' INSTITUTES AND HIGH SCHOOL IN- 
SPECTION. 

For expenses of teachers' institutes and high school 
inspection, $4,000. 

TEACHERS' LIBRARIES. 

For the establishment and maintenance of libraries for 
use of teachers, $600. 

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS. 
For county superintendents of schools, for salaries, 
$42,000. 

EMERGENCY. 

For the governor, to enable him to meet any emergency 
requiring the expenditure of money not otherwise appro- 
priated, the sum of $10,000, said sum, or any part thereof, 
to be paid by the treasurer on the warrant of the comp- 
troller, upon accounts approved by the governor. 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS. 
For expenses incurred by the State Board of Examiners 
and compensation for the person appointed by the State 
Board of Education, $250. 



264 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

STATE SEWERAGE COMMISSION. 

For salaries of commissioners, $7,500; 

For salary of secretary, $1,200. 

For rent and necessary expenses of the commissioners, 
includin.^ experimental work, $5,000; provided, said ex- 
penses are approved by the governor. 

NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 

SAILORS, MARINES AND THEIR WIVES AND 

FOR THEIR W^IDOWS, AT VINELAND. 

For salary of commandant, $1,500; 

For salary of adjutant, $1,000; 

For salaries of assistants and incidental expenses, $2,500, 

For maintenance and all other expenses, $15,000. 

STATE OYSTER COMMISSION. 

For the better regulation and control of the taking, 
planting and cultivating of oysters on the lands lying 
under the tidal waters of the Delaware river, Delaware 
bay, Maurice river cove and Raritan bay, in the state of 
New Jersey, $12,000; 

For the protection of the natural seed oyster grounds 
on lands lying under the tidal waters of the Delaware 
river anJ Delaware bay, north of "southwest line," in the 
state of New Jersey, $4,000; 

For expenses of surveying and mapping lands to be 
leased for oyster culture under the tidal waters of the 
Delaware river, Delaware bay, Maurice river cove and 
Raritan bay, in the state of New Jersey, $300. 

STATE BOARD OF CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 

To the State Board of Children's Guardians, for ex- 
penses $8,000. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSION. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter sixty-two, laws of one thousand nine hundred; 
for clerical assistance, necessary traveling and other ex- 
penses incurred by the commission, and for carrying into 
effect the provisions of chapter one hvmdred and seventy- 
five, laws of one thousand eight hundred and ninety- 
eight, and its supplements, providing for the establishing 
and maintenance of a system of traveling libraries, $4,000. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 265 

TEACHERS' RETIREMENT FUND. 
For payment of expenses incurred in connection with 
the administration of the teachers' retirement fund, pur- 
suant to chapter ninety-five, laws of one thousand nine 
hundred and five, $1,500. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

For traveling- and other official expenses of commis- 
sioners, $1,000; 

For the superintendent, for salary, $3,000; 

For che subordinate officers and employes, for salaries. 
$40,000. 

For additional allowance for the subordinate officers 
and employes, for salaries, $5,000; 

For maintenance, $45,000; 

For furniture, appliances and repairs (including indus- 
trial departments), $15,000; 

For the superintendent, for payments to discharged in- 
mates, ?3,000; 

For traveling- expenses of parole officers, $1,500; 

For installing- new industry, $1,000. 

VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

For the superintendent, for salary, $2,500; 

For additional allowance for the superintendent, for 
salary, $500; 

For the steward, for salary, $1,000; 

For additional allowance for the steward, for salary, 
$500; 

For the first assistant physician, for salary, $800; 

For additional allowance for the first assistant physi- 
cian, for salary, $700; 

For the second assistant physician, for salary, $800; 

For maintenance, including fuel and light, $50,000. 

STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
"An act to provide for the estabhshment of a course in 
practical and scientific Instruction in the art of clay- 
v/orking and ceramics in the State Agricultural College," 
approved March seventeenth, one thousand nine hundred 
and two, $2,500. 

PRESERVATION OF RECORDS. 
For the purpose of publishing and completing the early 
records of this State, known as "New Jersey Archives," 
$3,500. 



266 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

STENOGRAPHIC REPORTERS. 
For amount to be refunded to the various counties in 
this state for salaries of stenographic reporters appointed 
by the justices of the Supreme Court, pursuant to chapter 
eighty-one of the laws of one thousand nine hundred and 
one, $10,000. 

STATE SCHOOL TAX. 

For the purpose of reducing the state school tax to be 
assessed tor the year one thousand nine hundred and. 
seven, a sum equal to twenty-five per centum of the en- 
tire amount to be so raised is hereby appropriated, ap- 
proximating seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars. 

BUREAU OF SHELL FISHERIES. 

For the chief of the bureau, for salary, $1,200; 

For blanks, stationery and other incidental expenses, 

$1,000. 

RUTGERS COLLEGE. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers College, to pay the State 
Agricultural College for the benefit of agriculture and 
the mechanic arts, pursuant to chapter ninety, of the 
laws of one thousand nine hundred and five, $12,000. 

JAMESTOWN TER-CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION. 
For the board of commissioners appointed, pursuant to 
chapter sixty-one, laws of one thousand nine hundred and 
five, to represent the state of New Jersey at the James- 
town Ter-Centennial Exposition, to be held on and near 
the waters of Hampton Roads, in the state of Virginia, 
during the year nineteen hundred and seven, $50,000. 

TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION. 

For rent of oflflces, $2,000; 

For furnishing office, $500; 

For printing and stationery, $2,000; 

For clerical service and stenographer, $2,100. 

For architect and plan examiner, 2,500; 

For additional allowance for architect and plan ex- 
aminer, $500; 

For fen inspectors, $1,000 each, $10,000; 

For five additional inspectors, $1,000 each, $5,000; 

For secretary and executive officer, $2,500; 

For additional allowance for secretary and executive 
officer, $500; 

For incidentals, postage and expressage, $1,000; 

For inspectors' expenses, $1,875; 



The At>PROPiEliATION law. 267 

For traveling expenses of executive officer and plan 
examiner, $300; 

For salary of record clerk, $1,200; 

For expenses of members of the Board of Tenement 
House Supervision, 



VOTING MACHINES. 
For the State Board of Voting- Machine Commissioners, 
$5,000. 

STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

For salaries, supplies and all other expenses for the 

maintenance of short courses in practical and scientific 

agriculture, pursuant to chapter fifty-flve of the laws of 
1905, $6,. 500. 

PUBLICATION OF PUBLIC ACTS. 
To the revision commissioners appointed under chapter 
two hundred and twenty-seven, laws of one thousand nine 
hundred and four, for expenses and for compensation of 
assistants, $12,000. 

STATE OYSTER COMMISSION FOR THE DISTRICT 
OF ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

For the commissioners, for salaries, $900; 
For the superintendent, for salary, $1,000; 
For patrol service, $1,680; 
For incidental expenses, $270; 
For surveys, $200. 

POTABLE WATER COMMISSION. 
For the expenses and disbursements of the Potable 
Water Commission, including salary of secretary and 
engineers, stenographer, stationery and other incidental 
expensss, pursuant to joint resolution number two, ap- 
proved March 7th, 1906, $1,000. 

DEPARTMENT OP CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

For salary of commissioner, $3,000; 
For salary of assistant (architect), $2,500; service; 
For salaries of draughtsmen, $2,000; 
For clerical hire, $900; 

For additional allowance for clerical service, $2,200; 
For traveling expenses of commissioner and assistant, 
$1,000; 
For blanks, stationery, postage, et caetera, $1,000. 



268 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

FOREST PARK. RESERVATION COMMISSION. 

For the purchase of forest lards and expenses there- 
with by the state board of forest park reservation com- 
missioners, pursuant to chapter 47, laws of 1905, $10,000; 

For the use of the state board of forest park reservation 
commissioners, pursuant to said chapter, including main- 
tenance of state forest lands, $2,000; 

For the use of the state board of forest park reserva- 
tion commissioners, for the purpose of carrying out the 
provisions of a bill pending, entitled "An act for the 
appointment of fire wardens, the prevention of forest 
fires and the repeal of sundry acts relating thereto," 
$3,0(i0; provided, said bill becomes a law. 

BATTLE MONUMENT AT SALEM CHURCH, VIR- 
GINIA. 

For the purpose of erecting a monument on the battle- 
field of Salem Church, Virginia, pursuant to "An act 
to authorize the erection of a monument on the battle- 
field, of Salem Church, in the state of Virginia, to com- 
memorate the services of the twenty-third regiment, New 
Jersey volunteer infantry, in the battle of Salem Church 
and other engagements of the Civil war, and to appro- 
priate money to pay the cost of the erection and dedica- 
tion of the same," approved March 7th, 1&06, $6,000. 

MONUMENT ON .BATTLEFIELD OF MONOCACY, 
MARYLAND. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of a 
bill pending, entitled "An act to authorize the erection 
of a monument on the battlefield of Monocacy, in the 
state of Maryland, to commemorate the services of the 
fourteenth regiment, New Jersey volunteer infantry, in 
the battle of Monocacy, and thirty other engagements 
of the Civil war, and to appropriate money to pay the 
expense of erecting the same," $2,500; provided, said 
bill becomes a law. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of a 
bill pending, entitled "An act to provide for the free dis- 
tribution of diptheria antitoxin to the inhabitants of 
this stae," $5,000; provided, said bill becomes a law. 

NEW NORMAL SCHOOL. 

For the erection and completion of the new normal 
school, $275,000. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 269 

NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS 

SAILORS. MARINES AND THEIR WIVES 

AND FOR THEIR WIDOWS, AT 

VINELAND. 

For erecting- and furnishing on additional building and 
a separate boiler-house, and the installation therein of 
2 steel boilers, and the needed machinery for an electric 
lighting- plant, $50,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of a bill 
rending entitled "A supplement to an act entitled 'An act 
to Drevont the introduction into the state of New Jersey 
of communicable diseases by maritime vessels or mari- 
time traffic,' approved March twenty-first, one thousand 
nine hundred," $1,250; provided, said bill becomes a law. 
For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of a bill 
pending- entitled "A supplement to an act entitled 'An 
act for the assessment and collection of taxes,' approved 
April eighth, one thousand nine hundred and three," 
$43,200; urovided, said bill becomes a law. 

SECRETARY OF STATE, DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR 
VEHICLE REGULATION AND REGISTRATION. 

The following amounts are hereby appropriated, pro- 
vided, a bill pending entitled "An act defining motor 
vehicles and providing for the registration of the same 
and the licensing of drivers thereof, and uniform rules 
regulating the use and speed of motor vehicles," be- 
comes a law: 

For salarj' for the commissioner of motor vehicles, $1,500; 

For salary for the chief inspector, $1,500; 

For compensation for inspectors and their equipment. 
$2,000; 

For compensation for clerical services, $3,500; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses, 
$1,000; 

For blanks and stationery, $,000. 

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. 
To the agricultural experiment station to carry out 
the provisions of a bill pending, entitled "An act to pro- 
vide for locating and abolishing mosquio-breeding salt 
marsh areas within the state, for assistance in dealing 
with certain inland breeding places, and appropriating 
money to carry its provisions into effect," the sum of 
$13,500; provided, said bill becomes a law. 



270 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

2. The followini? sum is hereby appropriated out of 
the income of the school fund for the purpose specified 
for the fiscal year ending on the 31st day of October, 
in the year 1907: 

FREE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

For the support of free public schools, $200,000; 

There shall be paid from the income of the school fund 
such sums required to pay premiums and accrued interest 
on bonds purchased by the trustees for the support of 
public schools. 

3. Before any building or buildings shall be commenced, 
for the cost of which money is appropriated by this act, 
the plans, specifications and contract's necessary for the 
entire completion thereof shall, and each of them shall, 
be submitted to and approved by the governor, and such 
contracts shall not be approved or entered into if the total 
expenditure under all of the contracts necessary to the 
enire completion of such building or buildings according 
to such plans and specifications shall exceed the amount 
appropriated by this act for such building or buildings; 
and in any and every case where it shall appear that the 
appropriation is insufficient to complete such building or 
buildings, the appropriation hereby made therefor shall 
not be applied toward the construction of such building 
or buildings, but shall lapse and no payment shall be 
made therefrom. 

4. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except 
for objects as hereinabove specifically appropriated, and 
except such sums which are by law devoted to specific 
purposes, namely, state school tax, United States appro- 
priation to agricultural college. United States appropria- 
tion for disabled soldiers, United States appropriation for 
disabled soldiers, sailors, marines and their wives, agri- 
cultural college fund and takes for the use of taxing dis- 
tricts in this state, moneys received by the state from the 
taxation of railroad and canal property, which may be by 
law apportioned to the various counties of the state for 
school purposes, and loans to "state school fund," which 
last-named sums shall be paid pursuant to the laws ap- 
plicable thereto; this section shall not be construed to 
prohibit the payment due upon any contract made under 
an appropriation of the previous year. 

5. This act shall take effect on the first day of Novem- 
ber, one thousand nine hundred and six. 

Approved May 21, 1906. 



SCHOOL LAW. 271 



SYNOPSIS OF SCHOOL LAW. 



The State Board of Education consists of two members 
from each Congressional District. It has control of the 
State Normal School, the School for the Deaf, the Famum 
School, and the Manual Training and Industrial School for 
Colored Youth. It appoints the county superintendents 
of schools, decides appeals from the decisions of the State 
Superintendent, and makes rules for the granting of 
teachers' certificates and for carrying into effect the 
school laws of the State. 

The State Superintendent of Public Instruction is ap- 
pointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate, He 
decides controversies that arise under the school law; may 
withhold the State school moneys from any district for 
neglect or refusal to comply with the provisions of the 
school law, and has general supervision of the public 
schools. He is a member of all boards of examiners for 
teachers' certificates. 

There is a superintendent of schools for each county, 
appointed by the State Board of Education. The County 
Superintendent apportions the school moneys among the 
districts in his county, has general supervision of the 
schools and, in connection with the local Board of Educa- 
tion, prescribes the course of study to be pursued in the 
district. He is the chairman of the County Board of Ex- 
aminers and appoints the other members of the board. 

Each municipality in the State constitutes a school dis- 
trict, unless by a vote of the people two or more munici- 
palities decide to unite and form one district. There are 
two classes of school districts, cities forming one class 
and all other municipalities the other, but a district in 
either class may, by a vote of the people, be transferred 
to the other class. The members of the Board of Educa- 
tion in a city school district may be appointed by the 
Mayor or elected at the regular municipal election as de- 
termined by the legal voters, but until so determined the 
members shall be selected in the same manner as prior 
to the passage of the present law. 

In order to be eligible to membership in the Board of 
Education, a person must have been a resident of the dis- 
trict for at least three years immediately preceding his 
election and must be able to read and write. A city school 



272 SCHOOL LAW. 

district may have a city superintendent, but until one is 
appointed tlie County Superintendent lias supervision of 
the schools. 

In each city school district there is a Board of School 
Estimate, consisting of the Mayor, two members of the 
body having the power to make appropriations for city 
purposes, and two members of the Board of Education. 
The Board of Educa^tion presents its estimate of the 
amount of local appropriation needed, and the Board of 
School Estimate certifies to the body in the city having 
power to make appropriations, the amount to be raised 
for school purposes. 

In districts other than cities the Boards of Education 
consist of nine members each, elected by the people on 
the third Tuesday in March. The qualifications for mem- 
bership are the same as in city school districts. The spe- 
cial district school tax is voted either at the annual meet- 
ing or at a special school meeting called by the Board of 
Education. Bonds for school houses are authorized by 
the legal voters. Women may vote at district meetings 
on all questions except the election of members of the 
Board of Education, which is prohibited by the Constitu- 
tion. 

Funds for the support of schools come from the follow- 
ing sources: First, from the income of the State School 
Fund. The principal of this fund is derived almost en- 
tirely from the sale and rental of lands under water be- 
longing to the State. The principal cannot be used for 
any purpose, and the income can be used only for the 
support of public schools. This income amounts to 
$200,000 per annum. Second, from State appropriation 
made by the Legislature to reduce the State school tax. 
Third, from State school tax, an amount which when 
added to the State appropriation will make a sum equal 
to two and three-fourths mills on each dollar of the tax- 
able property in the State. Fourth, interest of surplus 
revenue, and. Fifth, local school tax. 

The $200,000 from the school fund is apportioned among 
the counties by the State Superintendent on the basis of 
the total days' attendance of pupils in the public schools. 
The State appropriation is apportioned among the counties 
by the State Comptroller on the basis of the ratables. 
Ninety per cent, of the State school tax paid by each 
county is returned to it, and the 10 per cent, received from 
all the counties forms the reserve fund, which is appor- 
tioned among the counties in the discretion of the State 
Board of Education. 



SCHOOL LAW. 273 

The County Superintendent apportions to each district 
$600 for the superintendent or supervising principal, if 
there be one; $200 for each teacher employed for the full 
time the school was in session; |80 for each teacher em- 
ployed over four months, but less than the time the school 
was in session, and $80 for each evening- school teacher, 
and divides the amount remaining, after deducting the 
amount apportioned on the basis of the number of 
teachers employed, among the districts on the basis of 
total number of days' attendance of pupils. 

The custodian of municipal funds is the custodian of 
school moneys, unless the Board of Education appoints 
the collector as custodian. In either case, the compensa- 
tion of the custodian must be fixed by the municipal au- 
thorities and paid from municipal funds. If there are 
two or more municipalities in the district, the Board of 
Education may appoint its own custodian and fix his 
compensation, which then is paid from school moneys. 

Each collector must pay to the county collector the 
amount of State school tax due from his taxing district 
not later than December twenty-second. If the tax is 
not paid by that date the County Superintendent must 
withhold the amount of reserve fund apportioned to the 
district and divide it the following year among all the 
districts in the county. The county collector must pay 
the State school tax to the State Treasurer not later than 
January twentieth. 

If a district provides a course in manual training, and 
such course is approved by the State Board of Education, 
the State will give to such district each year a sum equal 
to that raised in the district for manual training, provided 
the amount raised is not less than $250 or more than $5,000. 

Every district must provide free text-books and sup- 
plies for all pupils and must also provide a flag for eacn 
school house, which flag must be displayed every day 
the school is in session. The selection of a text-book re- 
quires the vote of a majority of the whole number of 
members of the Board of Education. A Board of Educa- 
tion may employ medical inspectors and truant officers. 

Every school which raises $20 to establish a school 
library may receive a like amount from the State. After 
the first payment, the State will give $10 each year that 
the school raises the same amount. Library moneys may 
be used for library books, reference books, apparatus, or 
educational works of art. 

All plans for school houses must be submitted to the 
State Board of Education for suggestion and criticism. 
18 



274 SCHOOL. DAW. 

Every school house hereafter erected must comply with 
the following requirements: First, light must be admitted 
to the class rooms only from the left and rear. Second, 
the total light area must equal 20 per cent, of floor space. 
Third, there must be 18 square feet of floor space and not 
less than 200 cubic feet of air space for each pupil. Fourth, 
all rooms must have a proper system of ventilation which 
will supply 30 cubic feet of fresh air per minute for each 
pupil. Fifth, ail ceilings must be at least 12 feet in 
height and all stairs must be at least 4 feet wide, with 
intermediate landings, enclosed in brick walls or by parti- 
tions of slow-burning construction, and without open 
wall holes. Sixth, a school house having eight rooms 
must have two flights of stairs, each four feet in width, 
or one flight not less than six feet in width, one having 
from eight to sixteen rooms, two flights of stairs not less 
than five feet in width, and one having sixteen or more 
rooms, four flights of stairs not less than four feet in 
width, or two flights not less than six feet in width. 
Seventh, all ceilings must be either metal, wood or plaster 
on metal laths and painted white or some light tint. 

A person cannot be legally employed as a teacher unless 
he holds a teacher's certificate in full force and effect at 
the tim.e he begins teaching. Before beginning to teach 
he must show his certificate to the Superintendent of 
Schools. A Board of Education may adopt rules govern- 
ing the employment of teachers. In the absence of rules, 
the contract must be in writing in triplicate, one copy filed 
with the Board of Education, one with the County Super- 
intendent, and one with the teacher. The employment, 
promotion or dismissal of a teacher requires the vote of 
a majority of the whole number of members of the Board 
of Education. 

The State Board of Examiners consists of the State 
Superintendent, the Principal of the Normal School and a 
person appointed by the State Board of Education. This 
Board issues certificates valid in all parts of this State 
and in any school or grade. 

The County Board of Examiners consists of the County 
Superintendent and three teachers appointed by him. This 
Board issues certificates valid in the county. The third 
grade certificate is valid in an ungraded school or primary 
department; the second grade in an ungraded school or 
in any grade below the eighth; the first grade in any 
school in the county. City certificates are good only in 
the city. All kinderg-arten teacjiers must hold special 



SCHOOL LAW. 275 

kindergarten certificates. Special certificates may be is- 
sued for kindergarten, physical training, manual train- 
ing, music, drawing, ancient or modern languages, and 
commercial branches. All applicants for certificates must 
file testimonials of good moral character, and in case of 
previous experience, of success as teachers. 

Graduates of the Normal School receive State certifi- 
cates. Graduates of normal schools in other States may 
have their diplomas endorsed, provided the course of 
study pursued is equivalent to the course in the New 
Jersey Normal School, and the State in which they were 
issued grants reciprocal privileges to graduates of the 
New Jersey Normal School. 

All children between the ages of 5 and 20 are entitled to 
attend the public schools in the districts in which they 
reside. If a kindergarten has been established, children 
4 years of age may attend. A Board of Education must 
provide suitable school facilities for all the children de- 
siring to attend school. The Board of Education may 
provide for the education of pupils in the higher grades 
by payment of tuition fees to adjoining districts. If a 
child lives remote from any school in the district, the 
Board may transport such child to school or pay for its 
tuition in another district. A Board of Education may 
close a school and transport all the children to another 
school. When this is done the district continues to receive 
the $200 theretofore apportioned for the teacher employed 
in the school which was closed. Children who have never 
attended any school can be admitted to a public school 
only during the ten daj's immediately following the open- 
ing of the school in the fall and during the first five days 
in January and April, except by the vote of a majority of 
all the members of the Beard of Education. 

All children between the ages of 7 and 14 must attend 
either a public or private school every day such school is 
in session, unless they are taught at home or are physi- 
cally or mentally unfit to attend. The' parent of a child 
who does not attend school may be proceeded against be- 
fore a magistrate as a disorderly person. If the parent 
is unable to control the child, such child may be pro- 
ceeded against as a disorderly person. 

Corporal punishment in all public and private schools 
is absolutely prohibited. 



276 CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 

(Formed by an act of the Legislature of 1901, approved 

March 19. See page 94, pamphlet laws.) 

Ratio, 194,182. 



FIRST— The counties of Camden, Gloucester and Salem. 
Population, 165,078. Vote cast in 1906— Republican, 20,674; 
Democratic, 9,308; Prohibition, 913; Socialist, 476; Social- 
Lab., 73; Munyon, 1. Total vote, 31,445. Republican 
plurality, 11,366. 

SECOND— The counties of Cape May, Cumberland, At- 
lantic and Burlington. Population, 169,037. Vote cast in 
1906— Republican, 19,037; Democratic, 8,921; Prohibition, 900; 
Socialist, 380; Labor and Lincoln, 1,249; Home Rule, 105. 
Total vote, 31,192. Repubhcan plurality, 10,716. 

THIRD— The counties of Middlesex, Monmouth and 
Ocean. Population, 181,566. Vote cast in 1906— Republican, 
20,472; Democratic, 16,638; Prohibition, 464; Socialist, 124. 
Total vote, 37,698. Republican plurality, 3,834. 

FOURTH— The counties of Hunterdon, Somerset and 
Mercer. I'opulation, 162.820. Vote cast in 1906— Republican, 
17,497; Democratic, 13,989; Prohibition, 489; Socialist, 992; 
Social-Lab., 142. Total vote, 33,109. Republican plurality, 
3,508. 

FIFTH— The counties of Union, Morris and Warren. 
Population, 202,290. Vote cast in 1906— Republican, 19,760; 
Democratic, 19,208; Prohibition, 486; Socialist, 1,004. Total 
vote, 40,458. Republican plurality, 552. 

SIXTH— The counties of Bergen, Passaic and Sussex. 
"Population, 257,777. Vote cast in 3906— Republican, 23,335; 
Democratic, 1:5,438; Prohibition, 558; Socialist, 962; Social- 
Lab., 377. Total vote, 50,670. Democratic plurality, 2,103.. 

SEVENTH— The First, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, 
Eleventh and Fifteenth wards of the city of Newark, and 
the city of Orange, and the towns of Bloomfield, Mont- 
clair and West Orange, and the boroughs of Glen Ridge, 
Caldwell and North Caldwell, and the townships of 
Franklin, Belleville, Livingston, Verona and Caldwell, all 
in the county of Essex. Population, 177,106. Vote cast in 
1906— Republican, 16,493; Democratic, 15,983; Prohibition, 
124; Socialist, 347; Social-Lab., 113. Total vote, 33,720. Re- 
publican plurality, 510. 

EIGHTH— The Second, Third. Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, 
Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth wards of the city of 




Map of the New Jersey Congressional Districts 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 277 

Newark, and the city of East Orange, and the town of 
Irvington, and the borough of Vailsburgh, and the village 
and township of South Orange, and the townships of Clin- 
ton and Milburn, all in the county of Essex. Population, 
181,947. Vote cast in 1906— Republican, 12,460; Democratic, 
18,334; Prohibition, 83: Socialist, 1,102; Social-Lab., 249. To- 
tal vote, 32,228. Democratic plurality, 5,874. 

NINTH— The city of Bayonne, the Seventh, Eighth, 
Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth wards of the city of 
Jersey City, and all the Sixth ward of said city of Jersey 
City excepting the first and second precincts, or that por- 
tion which lies north of the Morris canal and east of Sum- 
mit avenue, and the towns of Kearney and Harrison, and 
the borough of East Newark, all in the county of Hudson. 
Population, 176,319. Vote cast in 1906— Republican, 12,628; 
Democratic, 18,367; Prohibition, 154; Socialist, 1,041; Social- 
Lab., 270; Independent Labor, 688. Total vote, 33.148. Dem- 
ocratic plurality, 5,739. 

TENTH— The First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth 
wards of the city of Jersey City, and all that portion of the 
Sixth ward of said city (the first and second precincts) 
which lies north of the Morris canal and east of Summit 
avenue, and the city of Hoboken, and the towns of West 
Hoboken, Union, "West New York and Guttenburg, and 
the townships of North Bergen and Weehawken, and the 
borough of Secaucus, all in the county of Hudson. Popu- 
lation, 209,729. Vote cast in 1906— Republican, 9,305; Demo- 
cratic, 22,882; Prohibition, 93; Socialist, 1,138; Social-Lab., 
316; Independent-Labor, 1,354. Total vote, 35,088. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 13,577. 

SUMMARY. 

Popu- Total Rep. Dem. 

Districts. lation. Vote. Plur. Plur. 

First 165,078 31,445 11,366 

Second 169,037 31,192 10,716 

Third 181,566 37,698 3,834 

Fourth 162,820 33,109 3,508 

Fifth 202,290 40,458 552 

Sixth 257,777 50,670 .... 2,103 

Seventh 177.106 33,720 510 

Eighth 181,947 32,228 .... 5,874 

Ninth 176,319 33,148 .... 5,739 

Tenth 209,729 35,088 .... 13,577 



Total 1,883,669 358,756 30,486 27,293 

Net Republican plurality, 3,193. 



278 BIOGRAPHIES. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY. 



EDWARD CASPER STOKES. 

Governor Stokes is a lineal descendant of Thomas 
Stokes, the first of that name to come to America, in the 
seventh generation. His father is Edwin H. Stokes, 
son of William Stokes and Ann Williams. His mother 
was Matilda G. Kemble, who comes of an English family 
which settled in Burlington county in the latter part of 
the seventeenth century. The Governor's father and all 
his antecedents were Quakers, and native Jerseymen, 
most of them having been born in Burlington; but Miss 
Kemble was a Methodist. Having studied pharmacy with 
his brother, Isaac Stokes, his father left Medford, Bur- 
lington county, and went to Philadelphia, Pa., to follow 
his profession. Although Governor Stokes was born in 
Philadelphia, all of his ancestors on both sides were Jer- 
seymen. 

Soon after the birth of the Governor, which occurred 
December 22, 1860, his father moved to Frenchtown, Hun- 
terdon county; then to Woodbury, Gloucester county, and 
then to Medford, Burlington county. In 1871 he settled in 
Millville, where the Governor grew up and laid the foun- 
dation of that political career which has brought him to 
his present position. 

From this it is easy to see that but for the mere acci- 
dent of his birth in Pennsylvania, the Governor is by 
ancestry, education and affiliations a thorough Jerseyman. 

The Governor was educated in the public schools of 
Millville. He took a course preparatory ror college at the 
Friends' School, Providence, R. I., and graduated with 
second honors at Brown University in 1883. On account 
of the ill health of the president, Mr. Stokes was given 
a position in the Millville National Bank, of which his 
father was cashier. He soon began to interest himself in 
the educational work of the city, and in 1889 was elected 
Superintendent of Public Schools. In the following year 
he was elected a member of the House of Assembly, 
and re-elected in 1891. In 1892 he was elected a member 



BIOGRAPHIES. 279 

of the Senate of New Jersey, and re-elected for two addi- 
tional terms. He was chosen President of the Senate in 
1895. While he was a member of the House of Assembly 
he took an active part in opposing the race track bills 
and coal combine legislation, and he introduced and 
pressed to its passage the bill providing for the weekly 
payment of wages in cash. 

Mr. Stokes has always been especially interested in 
affairs relating to public education. He was chairman 
of the commission which revised and codified the present 
school laws. He was the originator of the principle under 
which nearly a million dollars of the State's funds are 
annually appropriated for local school purposes, and by 
which the State school tax has been reduced. He has 
been a leader in formulating and urging the passage of 
various bills to this end. Every increase in the State's 
appropriations for public schools has been earnestly ad- 
vocated by him. 

As a business men he has spent his life in connection 
with banking institutions, having been elected President 
of the Mechanics National Bank of Trenton in 1899. He 
has naturally, therefore, taken an active interest in the 
State's finances. He was the first President of the New 
Jersey Bankers' Association. He was chairman of the 
I^egislative Committee on Appropriations in 190O, and has 
been especially noted for his opposition to extravagant 
uses of public moneys. At the close of his term as State 
Senator he was appointed Clerk in Chancery, and in 1902 
he came within one vote of receiving the caucus nomina- 
tion for United States Senator. For three years he 
served as Acting Chairman of the Republican State Com- 
mittee. 

He was elected Governor of New Jersey for a term of 
three years, on November 8, 1904, by a plurality of 51,644 
over Charles C. Black, the Democratic candidate. This 
is the largest plurality ever given a Governor in New Jer- 
sey. 

Stokes, Republican, 231,363; Black, Democrat, 179,719; 
Parker, Pro., 6,687; Kearns, Socialist, 8,858; Herrschaft, 
Socialist-Labor, 2,526; Honnecker, People's Democrat, 
3,285. Stokes' plurality, 51,644. 



280 BIOGRAPHIES. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



JOHN KEAN, Elizabeth. 

Senator Kean was born at Ursino, Union county, New 
Jersey, in the house where he now resides, on December 
4th, 1852. The house is historic, being known as "Liberty 
Hall," and was erected by Governor Livingston in 1772. 
Washington held many conferences with his Generals 
within its walls, and Alexander Hamilton studied law 
there. And in the same house John Jay was married to 
one of the daughters of the Governor. Another home, at 3 
East Fifty-sixth street. New York city, also belongs to 
Mr. Kean, where he spends much of his time during the 
winter. 

When a young boy the Senator was sent to a boarding- 
school in Stockbridge, Mass., and was transferred from 
there to a private academy at Sing Sing on the Hudson, 
where he received a much higher education than was neces- 
sary for him to enter Yale College, which he did in 1876. He 
afterward took a course in the Columbia College Law 
School, and was admitted to the bar of New Jersey in 1877. 

Mr. Kean was elected to Congress in 1882, and again in 
1886. In 1892 he was defeated for Governor by his Demo- 
cratic opponent, George T. Werts. 

The Senator is a prominent business man, and is engaged 
in numerous manufacturing, mercantile, railroad and 
financial enterprises, which furnish employment to a large 
number of mechanics and artisans, especially in the city 
of Elizabeth, where he is so well and favorably known. 
He has helped materially in promoting the growth of that 
city, and to him, more than to any other person, is due Its 
present prosperity. He fills many positions of honor and 
trust in the banking and commercial communities. He is 
President of the National State Bank, of Elizabeth, and a 
director in the Elizabeth Banking Company. He is also 
President of the Elizabeth Water Company and the Gas 
Light Company of the same city. He holds the largest 
interest in the Elizabeth Street Railway Company, and his 
latest undertaking was the construction of a trolley line 
from Elizabeth to Plainfield, for the franchise of which 
he paid a large sum of money. 

The Senator has always been an active Republican, and 
for several years he served as the Treasurer of the State 
Committee of his party. He was the unanimous choice of 
the Republican caucus for United States Senator in Janu- 
ary, 1899, and received the full vote of his party when he 
•vas elected to that office in a joint meeting of the Legis- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 281 

lature, held soon afterward, his Democratic opponent be- 
ing the then incumbent, James Smith. Senator Kean was 
elected for a term of six years in 1899 and was re-elected 
in 1905 for a similar term, which will expire in 1911. 

JOHN F. DRYDEN, Newark. 

Senator Dryden is president of the Prudential Insurance 
Company of America and a leader in banking and other 
large enterprises, and has his home in Newark, In person 
he is tall, spare and well knit. In demeanor he is dignified, 
yet kindly and courteous. In mental ability he is equalled 
by few of the men who have attained, like him, great suc- 
cess in life, and few men are equal to the great burdens 
and responsibilities that Mr. Dryden has borne for years 
and that he seems to bear lightly. 

Senator Dryden is of old New England stock. He was 
born on August 7, 1839, at Farmington, Me., and was edu- 
cated for the legal profession. His training in law has 
been of great use to him in his subsequent career. He was 
not very strong physically and was of a retiring and stu- 
dious disposition. At Yale University, where his parents 
sent him, he devoted himself closely to study, which re- 
sulted in the impairment of his health, and by advice of 
physicians he was compelled to give up his hopes of grad- 
uation and left the university. He was later restored to 
the full privileges of his class, however, an honor rarely 
bestowed by Yale, and given the degree of A. M. 

The subject of life insurance early engaged Mr. Dryden's 
attention and he devoted his time to a study of its prin- 
ciples, mastering the theory of finance, the construction 
of tables, averages, percentages, futurities and scientific 
monetary economy. About 1865 he obtained a report on 
the subject of industrial insurance, submitted to the 
Massachusetts Legislature by Professor Elizur "Wright, 
then State Insurance Commissioner. It criticised' the 
methods of the Prudential Assurance Company (Limited) 
of London, England. Mi-. Dryden procured all the reports 
of the company and analyzed them, and decided that the 
Insurance Commissioner was wrong. This gave him the 
idea of formulating an industrial insurance system for the 
United States. He submitted plans to some New England 
capitalists, but they were not received with favor. 

In 1873 Mr. Dryden visited Newark and interested in the 
enterprise such men as Noah F. Blanchard, William H. 
Murphy, father of Governor Murphy, Horace Ailing, Les- 
lie D. Ward and others. A bill was passed by the Legisla- 
ture and in 1875 the Prudential Insurance Company of 
America was founded. From its inception Mr. Dryden was 



283 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the soul and spirit of the enterprise. For several years he 
was secretary, and when Noah P. Blanchard, the president, 
retired, Mr. Dryden succeeded him. 

The steady faith, the unconquerable will and indomitable 
energy of Mr. Dryden carried the company through sev- 
eral crises and overcame many formidable difficulties, 
until the company became firmly planted and began its 
great growth. From the basement of the State Bank the 
institution moved into the Kremlin Building, and thence to 
the $2,000,000 stone structure at Broad and Bank streets, 
built by the company, which has recently been added to by 
other great and ornate buildings, making the finest single 
group of office buildings in the world. 

Mr. Dryden was one of the founders of the Fidelity 
Trust Company, of Newark, started sixteen years ago, 
which has a capital of $5,000,000. He is largely interested 
in the North Jersey Street Railroad Company, and is one 
of three owners of the Newark and South Orange line, a 
subsidiary company of the North Jersey system. These 
and other interests are, however, commonplace to him 
compared with his love for the Prudential, the great child 
of his creation, and his interest in its workings. He is in 
close touch with the multitude of details of the vast sys- 
tem. In the construction of the handsome new office build- 
ings in which are provided accommodations for upwards of 
1,300 clerks, managers and medical examiners, he gave 
daily audience to the architect, and worked on the plans 
and estimates with an interest that never lagged. His re- 
creation is taken in a superb home at Bernardsville, N. J. 

A Republican all his life, Mr. Dryden has taken an active 
interest in public affairs. In 1896 he was one of the New 
Jersey Republican electors and served again in that capa- 
city in 1900. When the term of United States Senator Smith 
expired Mr. Dryden was put forward as a candidate for the 
seat, but he made no effort to attain it and gave no en- 
couragement to his friends. Engrossed with business 
affairs, he had shown no desire for public office, though 
always keenly alive to party interests. In the campaign 
for Governor in 1901 he appeared at the great meeting in 
the Newark Auditorium and made a brilliant speech in 
favor of the election of Franklin Murphy. To the party 
organization he has been a generous contributor. He is 
one of the state committee to raise a fund for a memorial 
to the late President William McKinley, at Canton, Ohio, 
and he is a steady contributor to religious and charitable 
objects. On January 29, 1902, the Legislature of New Jer- 
sey elected Mr. Dryden to fill the unexpired term of Sen- 
ator William J. Sewell, deceased. He was sworn into office 
on February 4. His term will expire on March 4, 1907. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 283 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FIRST DISTRICT. 

Camden, Gloucester and Salem Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 165,078.) 

HENRY C. LOUDENSLAGER. 
(Rep., Paulsboro.) 

Mr. Loudenslager was born in Mauricetown, Cumberland 
county, N. J., May 22d, 1852. His parents moved to Pauls- 
boro, Gloucester county, in March, 1856, where he has con- 
tinuously resided ever since. His education was obtained 
in the common schools. After leaving the farm of his 
father, he entered the produce commission business in 
Philadelphia, and continued in it for ten years, from 1872 
to 1882. During this time his father was the County Clerk 
of Gloucester, and except when engaged in the market 
during the produce season, the son was employed in the 
office. He was elected to the office in 1882, and was re- 
elected in 1887. At both of his elections he ran far ahead 
of his ticket, his plurality the last time being 946. He was 
a member of the State Republican Committee for several 
years. Mr. Loudenslager is well known all over the State 
from his secret society connections. He has been the 
Great Keeper of Wampum, Improved O. R. M., of this 
State, He is a member of Florence Lodge, No. 87, F. & 
A. M., and is a 32d-degree Mason. In 1906 he was elected 
to an eighth term in Congress by a plurality of 11,366 over 
Summerill, Democrat. 

1906— Loudenslager, Rep., 20,674; Summerill, Dem., 9,308; 
Day, Pro., 913; Thurston, Soc, 476; Ball, Soc.-Lab., 73. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 

Cape May, Atlantic, Cumberland and Burlington Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 1^9,037.) 

JOHN J. GARDNER. 
(Rep., Egg Harbor.) 

Mr. Gardner was born in Atlantic county, October 17, 1845, 
and since 1856 has resided in Atlantic City, excepting during 
his term of service in the Civil War. He was reared a wat- 



284 BIOGRAPHIES. 

erman until sixteen years of age, when he enlisted for three 
years in the Sixth New Jersey Volunteers; in March, 1865, 
he enlisted for one year in the United States Veteran Vol- 
unteers. He is in the real estate and insurance business. 
He was elected Mayor of Atlantic City in 1868, '69, '70, '73 
and '74— having declined the nomination in 1872 and 1875, In 
the latter year he was elected a member of the Common 
Council, and one of the Coroners of the county. He was 
elected Senator in 1877, and was re-elected in 1880, '83, '86 and 
'89. He beat the record, with regard to the length of ser- 
vice, of any State Senator in the history of the State, hav- 
ing served five consecutive terms, or fifteen years alto- 
gether. In the session of 1883 he was President of the 
Senate, when he discharged the duties of the position with 
much ability and impartiality. He always took a promi- 
nent part in legislation, and during many years was the 
leader of his party in the Senate. He was a delegate-at- 
large to the National Republican Convention at Chicago 
in 1884. He is a member of the State Republican Com- 
mittee. He was elected to an eighth term in Congress in 
1906 by a plurality of 10,716 over Perry, Democrat. 

1906— Gardner, Rep., 19,637; Perry, Dem., 8,921; Tower, 
Pro., 900; Korsett, Soc, 380; Riddle, Lab. and Lincoln, 
1,249; Owen, Home Rule, 105. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 

Middlesex, Monmouth and Ocean Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 181,566.) 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN HOWELL. 
(Rep., New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Howell was born in Cumberland county, N. J., Jan- 
uary 27th, 1844, and is President of the People's National 
Bank of New Brunswick. He was Surrogate of Middlesex 
county for ten years, from November, 1882, until November, 
1892. He served with the Twelfth New Jersey Volunteers 
throughout the Civil War. He came to South Amboy, 
where he entered business, and continued his residence 
there until 1882, when he was elected Surrogate and re- 
moved to New Brunswick. He served t'lree years as a 
member of the Township Committee, aud two years as 
Chosen Freeholder, during the last year of which he was 
Director of the Board. He is a Director of the New Bruns- 
wick Savings Bank and Vice-president of the First Na- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 285 

tional Bank of Perth Amboy. In 1892 he was a delegate to 
the Republican National Convention at Minneapolis. He 
was elected to a seventh term in Congress in 1906 by a 
plurality of 3,834 over Harvey, Democrat. 

1906— Howell, Rep., 20,472; Harvey, Dem., 16,638; Crowell, 
Pro., 46; Rapp, Soc, 124. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Hunterdon, Somerset and Mercer Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 162,820.) 

IRA WELLS WOOD. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Wood was born in Wilkes Barre, Pa., June 19, 1856; 
is an alumnus of Princeton University, class of '77; is a 
counsellor-at-law of the Bar of New Jersey; was a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education and Common Council of 
the city of Trenton; was President of Trenton Board of 
Trade; was a Member of Assembly in the New Jersey 
Legislature, 1899 and 1900; was appointed by Governor 
Murphy a Commissioner for New Jersey to the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition; was elected to fill the vacancy in 
the Fifty-eighth Congress caused by the resignation of 
the Hon. William M. Lanning, who was appointed United 
States District Judge for the District of New Jersey, vice 
Hon. Andrew Kirkpatrick, deceased, and also for the full 
term in the Fifty-ninth Congress. In 1906 he was elected 
to the Sixtieth Congress by a plurality of 3,508 over South- 
wick, Democrat. 

1906— Wood, Rep., 17,497; Southwick, Dem., 13,989; Lunger, 
Pro., 489; Sinclair, Soc, 992; Wolff, Soc.-Lab., 142. 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Union, Warren and Morris Courities. 
(Population, census of 1900, 202,290.) 

CHARLES NEWELL FOWLER. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Fowler was born at Lena, Illinois, November 2d, 1852, 
and is in the banking business. His earlier years were 
passed on his father's farm, where he remained until his 
eighteenth year, when he became a student at Beloit Col- 
lege, Wisconsin. Two years later he entered Tale College, 



286 BIOGRAPHIES. 

from which he was graduated in 1876. He read law in the 
office of Williams & Thompson, in Chicago, and attended 
the Chicago Law School, and was graduated in 1878. He 
has been more or less engaged in active politics since he 
came to Elizabeth twenty years ago, and for some time 
he was Chairman of the City Republican Central Com- 
mittee. He has served as a member-at-large of the Re- 
publican State Committee since 1898. He was elected to a 
seventh term in Congress in 1906, by a plurality of 552 over 
James E. Martine, the Democratic candidate. 

1906— Fowler, Rep., 19,760; Martine, Dem., 19,208; 
Vaughan, Pro., 486; Whitesell, Soc, 1,004. 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Bergen, Passaic and Sussex Counties. 
(Population, census of 1900, 257,777.") 

WILLIAM HUGHES. 

(Dem., ir^aterson.) 

Mr. Hiighes was born in Ireland on April 3, 1872, and 
came to this country with his parents when a child. He 
obtained nothing more than a common school education, 
abandoning his studies in 1882 to take a position as reel 
boy with the Barbour Flax Spinning Company, of Pater- 
son. Wh'^n be worked there for two months he returned 
to school, but after a short period of study he resumed 
work in a silk mill. He worked as a weaver for various 
silk firms in the city of Paterson until 1893, when he en- 
tered Oakley's Business College, at Paterson, where he 
studied and made himself proficient in the practice of 
stenography and typewriting. He then secured a position 
with the American Grocery Company in New York City as 
stenographer, and remained with that firm for about a 
year, leaving it for the purpose of beginning the study of 
law in the office of William M. Rysdyk, of Paterson. In 
1898 he abandoned his studies to enlist in Company A of 
the Second Regiment, N. G. N. J., V. I., and served with 
his company at Sea Girt and Jacksonville, Fla., during 
the five months the regiment was in the volunteer service. 
At Sea Girt Mr. Hughes was detailed as stenographer to 
Governor Foster M. Voorhees, and at Jacksonville was 
assigned to the headquarters of the Seventh Army Corps, 
where for a period of three months he acted as steno- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 287 

grapher to Major-General Fitzhugh Lee. Returning to 
Paterson when the reghnent was mustered out of service, 
in September, 18;^8, he entered the office of William Nelson 
to resume his legal studies. After remaining with Mr. 
Nelson for a time he entered the office of former Attorney 
General John W. Griggs, where he remained until he was 
admitted to the bar, in June, 1900. During all his young 
manhood Mr. Hughes has been intimately connected with 
the cause of organized labor. He was president of the 
Eastside Workingmen's Association in 1897, and after his 
admission to the bar became the counsel for the Brick- 
layers and Masons' Union, the Bakers' Union, the Ribbon 
Weavers' Union and the United Silk Workers of America. 
Associated with Mr. James G. Blauvelt, he acted as coun- 
sel for the weavers m the celebrated Chancery case in 
which Vice ChancellGr Pitney held a number of striking 
silk workers to be guilty of contempt of court and sen- 
tenced them to fines and imprisonment. Mr. Hughes mar- 
ried while a soldier in 1898, returning to Paterson from 
Jacksonville on furlough for that purpose. He was a 
candidate for Assembly on the Democratic ticket in Pas- 
saic county in 1901. He ran more than 800 ahead of his 
icket, but was defeated by Raymond Bogert, Republican, 
by 409 votes in the county. He was elected to Congress in 
1902 by a plurality of 3,848 over Barbour, Republican; in 
1904 he was again a candidate for Congress, when he was 
defeated by Henry Crosby Allen, Republican, by a plural- 
ity of 510. In 1905 he was defeated for Surrogate in Pas- 
saic county by Charles M. King, Republican. Mr. Hughes 
was elected to Congress in 1906 by a plurality of 2,103 over 
George H. Burke, Republican. 

1906— Hughes, Dem., 25,438; Burke, Rep., 23,335; Collings- 
wood. Pro., 558; DeYoe, Soc, 962; Fruer, Soc.-Lab., 377. 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Fourth, Sixth. Seventh, Eighth, Eleventh and 
Fifteenth wards of the city of Newark, and the city 
of Orange, and the towns of Bloomfield, Montclair and 
West Orange, and the boroughs of Glen Ridge, Cald- 
well and North Caldwell, and the townships of Frank- 
lin, Belleville, Livingston, Verona and Caldwell, all in 
the county of Essex. 

(Population, census of 1900, 177,106.) 



288 BIOGRAPHIES. 

RICHARD WAYNE PARKER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Parker was born in Morristown, N. J., August 6th, 
1848, and is a lawyer by profession. He was graduated from 
Princeton College in 1867, studied law in the Columbia Law 
School, New York, and was admitted to the bar in 1870. He 
then became the law partner of his father, Cortlandt 
Parker, and the partnership still exists. He was a member 
of Assembly from Essex county in 1885 and 1886, when he 
took a prominent part in legislation. In 1892 he was de- 
feated for Congress by the late Thomas Dunn English. In 
1906 he was elected to a seventh term in Congress by a 
plurality of 510 over Kraemer, Democrat. 

1906— Parker, Rep., 16,493; Kraemer, Dem., 15,983; Riddle, 
Pro., 124; Ball, Soc, 547; Johnson, Soc.-Lab., 249. 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

The Second, Third. Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth, Thir- 
teenth and Fourteenth wards of the city of Newark, 
and the city of East Orange, and the town of Irvington. 
and the borough of Vailsburgh, and the village and 
township of South Orange, and the townships of Clin- 
ton and Milburn, all in the county of Essex. 
(Population, census of 1900, 181,947.) 

LE GAGE PRATT. 
(Dem., East Orange.) 

Mr. Pratt was born at Sterling, Mass., December 14, 
1853, and is vice president of the Mutual Benefit Life In- 
surance Co., of Newark, N. J. He was educated in the 
schools of his native state, whereupon, in 1869, he entered 
actively upon a commercial career, first in Boston, and 
afterwards in Chicago. In 1884 he joined the ranks of 
journalism, and continued therein until 1886, when he be- 
came iuterested in life insurance and, as a special agent, 
did effective service for several years in Texas, and later 
in Illinois. In 1895 he received the appointment of State 
agent for the Life Insurance Clearing Company, of St. 
Paul, and in the following year he was called to the home 
office and appointed general superintendent of agencies. 
In the meantime he liad established a well-earned reputa- 
tion for himself as an agency manager, and as a result, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 289 

in August, 1897, he was offered and accepted the position 
of superintendent of agencies for the Mutual Benefit, 
which position he held until January, 1903, when his sterl- 
ing business and personal merits led to his advancement 
to the office of second vice president. His recent further 
promotion to the vice presidency is widely recognized as 
the just reward of honest merit and finds general endorse- 
ment accordingly. 

Mr. Pratt naturally takes a great deal of pride in his 
ancestry, particularly v/ith respect to his great grandfa- 
ther, who was an officer throughout the Revolutionary 
War, in continuous service, with the exception of a few 
months' illness, from the battle of Bunker Hill to the 
surrencer at "iorktown. His grandfather was also a colo- 
nel of the old-time military institution called the "Home 
Guards," which was ever at the command of the State 
or National governments for service. His father entered 
the Civil War as a captain and was promoted to major. 
Much of the time of his service he was in command of 
the regiment, due to the fact that the colonel had been 
placed in command of a brigade. He was in nearly every 
battle involved in what is termed in history "The Red 
River Campaign," and was actively identified with the 
siege at Port Hudson and the surrender of that far 
Southern stronghold. 

Personally Mr. Pratt is of quiet habits and demeanor. 
Although identilied with many clubs and organizations of 
a civic character, he is best known at home and among 
his neighbors. For more than a quarter of a century he 
ha? traversed the United States from Maine to California 
so manj-- times as to make him well-known and respected 
in all of the larger towns and cities throughout the coun- 
.try. Mr. Pratt married in San Antonio, Texas. His wife 
is identified with many of the leading families of the 
Southland, and is well known to every member of the 
Southern Society. of ihe Oranges, as well as the various 
other clubs with which she is identified. Always a Dem- 
ocrat he felt it his duty to respond to the call of his party 
when he was nominated for Congress. 

Chairman Conboy of the East Orange delegation to the. 
Congressional Convention in nominating Mr. Pratt said: 
"He is a man who, for many years, has represented the 
only insurance company in the metropolitan district which 
went through one of the most thorough investigations of 
modern times and came out unsullied and unblemished in 
its custody of that most valued asset of widows and or- 
19 



290 BIOGRAPHIES. 

phans." Among his business associates he is known first 
as a hard working man and one who seldom takes a vaca- 
tion except when it becomes necessary for him to rest, 
when he usually selects a long sea voyage. He is a man 
whose high regard for any obligation he has assumed is 
proverbial. 

He was elected to Congress by a plurality of 5,874 over 
Henry J. Gottlob, his Republican opponent. In 1904 the 
district gave a Republican plurality of 12,541. 

1906— Pratt, Dem., 18,334; Gottlob, Rep., 12,460; Burnet, 
Pro., 83; Wind, Soc, 1,102; Hartrung, Soc.-Lab., 249. 



NINTH DISTRICT. 

The city of Bayonne, the Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, 
Eleventh and Twelfth wards of the city of Jersey City, 
and all the Sixth ward of said city of Jersey City ex- 
cepting the first and second precincts, or that portion 
which lies north of the Morris canal and east of Sum- 
mit avenue, and the towns of Kearny and Harrison, 
and the borough of East Newark, all in the county of 
Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1900, 176,319.) 

EUGENE W. LEAKE. 
Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Leake was born in Jersey City, July 13, 1877, and is 
a counsefor-at-law, having been admitted to the bar of 
New Jersey in June, 1898, as an attorney, and in Febru- 
ary, 1902, as counselor. He is a member of the law firm 
of Hartshorne, Insley and Leake of Jersey City. Hq was 
educated in the public schools of Jersey City, also at And- 
over and New York Law School. He is a member of the 
Jersey City Board of Trade and many charitable and 
social organizations. Mr. Leake was elected to Congress 
in 1906 by a plurality of 5,739 over Charles E. Pickett, Re- 
publican. 

1906— Leake, Dem., 18,367; Pickett, Rep., 12,628; Raymond, 
Pro., 154; Fackert, Soc, 1,041; Hemberg, Soc. -Lab., 270; 
Forbes, Ind.-Lab., 688. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 291 

TENTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth wards of the 
city of Jersey City, and all that portion of the Sixth 
ward of said city (the first and second precincts) which 
lies north of the Morris canal and east of Summit ave- 
nue, and the city of Hoboken, and the towns of West 
Hoboken, Union, West New York and Guttenburg, and 
the townships of North Bergen and Weehawken, and 
the borough of Secaucus, all in the county of Hudson 
(Population, census of 1900, 209,735.) 

JAMES A. HAMILL. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Hamill was born in the old Sixth Ward of Jersey 
City, March 31, 1877, and is a counselor-at-law. In the year 
1890 he entered St. Peter's College, of Jersey City, and was 
graduated from that institution in 1897, receiving the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts. Returning the subsequent year, 
he completed the post graduate course in philosophy and 
received the degree of Master of Arts. He studied law 
in the office of the late Isaac Taylor, a one-time law part- 
ner of the late Chancellor Alexander T. McGill. While a 
student in the ofHce of Mr. Taylor, Mr. Hamill attended 
the lectures of the New Yoi'k Law School, and on com- 
pleting the regular course of two years was awarded the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. In the year 1900, at the June 
term cf the Supreme Court, he was admitted to the bar, 
and since then has practiced his profession in Jersey City. 
Mr. Hamill served four years as a member of the House 
of Assembly from Hudson county and he was minority 
leader for two years. His personal popularity is wide- 
spread and he is noted for oratory and skill in debate. He 
was elected to Congress by a plurality of 13,577 over How- 
ard B. Cruse, Republican. 

1906— Hamill, Deni., 22,882; Cruse, Rep.. 9,305; Garri.son, 
Pro.. 03; Ufert, Soc, 1,138; Gilpin, Soc.-Lab., 316; O'Lone, 
Ind.-Lab., 1,351 



292 EXTRA SESSIONS. 

EXTRA SESSIONS 

OF THE 

LEGISLATURE AND SPECIAL SESSIONS 
OF THE SENATE. 

1861— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 30th, and adjourned on May 10th, 1861, called in 
obedience to Governor Olden's proclamation, to raise 
troops for the war. Laws enacted, 13; Joint Reso- 
lutions, 2. 

1877— A special session of the Senate was convened in 1877, 
for the purpose of acting on the Governor's nomina- 
tions of District Court Judges. It met on March 28th 
and adjourned on March 30th. 

1884 — A special session of the Senate was convened in 1884, 
to act on the Governor's nominations for members of 
the State Board of Assessors. It met on April 23d 
and lasted two hours. 

1897- An extra session of the Legislature was called on 
May 25th, 1897, to correct an error in a law providing 
for the submission to the people of proposed amend- 
ments to the Constitution. The session met at noon 
and adjourned sine die the same day at 6:47 P. M. 

1903— An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
April 21st, 1903, to correct an error in the "Passaic 
Valley Sewerage District act" of 1903. The session 
lasted about five hours and a final adjournment was 
effected on the same day. 

1903 — Another extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on October 15th, 1903, to pass an act to estab- 
lish a system of public instruction to take the place 
of an act of March 26th, 1902, which had been declared 
unconstitutional by the Court of Errors and Appeals. 
The session covered four days, and a final adjourn- 
ment was effected on October 19th. The action of 
the Legislature was confined to the subject for which 
it was convened in extraordinary session. 

1904 — An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 12th to consider the report of the Morris Canal 
Commission and the bill to prevent the shooting of 
pigeons from traps. The session was adjourned on 
the night of the same day, after having passed foyr 
bills which bg^came l9,ws. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 283 

STATE SENATORS. 



Atlantic County. 

(Population, 59,862.) 

EDWARD SPROGELL. LEE. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Senator Lee was born in Piiiladelphia, October 22, 1857, 
and is a builder and contractor, and has been a resident 
of Atlantic City since 1877. His first political position was 
as a member of the Board of Health in 1886-87, of which 
body he was Treasurer in the latter year. In March, 18S8. 
he was elected to the City Council, for three years, and 
was re-elected in '91-'94, '97 and 1900, being- five consecutive 
terms. In 1901 he was elected to the State Senate by a 
plurality of 211 over William B. Loudenslager, the Demo- 
cratic candidate, and in 1904, he was re-elected by a plural- 
ity of 2,289 over Cole, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the committees on 
Railroads and Canals, and Printing, and as a member of 
the committees on Riparian Rights, Stationery and Inci- 
dental Expenses, Commerce and Navigation, and Sanator- 
ium for Tuberculous Diseases. 

1904— Lee, Rep., 6,603; Cole, Dem., 4,414; scattering, 59. 
Lee's plurality, 2,289. 



Bergren County. 

(Population, 100,003.) 

EDMUND W. VVAKELEE. 
(Rep., Demarest.) 

Senator Wakelee was born at Kingston, N. Y., November 
21st, 1S69, and is a lawyer by profession. He was the 
youngest member of the Senate of 1903. He was graduated 
from the Kingston Academy and then entered the New 
York University, from which institution he was graduated 
in 1891. He was admitted to the bar in the same year. He 
made his home in Bergen county, where he is now practic- 
ing law, having an office in Englewood, and also in New 
York city. He is a member of Alpine Lodge, No. 77, F. & 
A. M., of Closter, New Jersey Sovereign Consistory, Hack- 



294 BlOGRAl'HtES. 

ensack Lodge, No. 658, B. P. O. E., Tenafly Council, Royal 
Arcanum, and of Northern Valley Lodge, Knights of Honor, 
Tenafly, and all the prominent clubs in Bergen county. He 
served two years in the House of Assembly, in 1899 and 1900, 
and during the latter year he was the Republican leader 
on the floor of the House. He took a prominent part in 
legislation and made himself so popular that, when William 
M. Johnson resigned his seat in the Senate as a representa- 
tive from Bergen county to accept the office of First As- 
sistant Postmaster-General of the United States, Mr. 
Wakelee was nominated by his party to fill the vacancy, 
and he was elected by a plurality of 2,163 over his Demo- 
cratic opponent, Frank O. Mittag. In 1901 the Senator was 
elected for a full term of three years by a plurality of 1,321 
over Conkling, the Democratic candidate, and in 1904 he 
was re-elected by a plurality of 2,137 over Johnson, Dem. 
In the session of 1903 he was the Republican leader on the 
floor of the Senate and discharged the duties of that 
position with rare tact and ability. In 1904 he served as 
President of the Senate, when he discharged the duties 
of that office with much ability and impartiality. While 
Governor Murphy was in Europe, from April 23d to June 
5th, and while on a visit to Chicago and St. Louis, from 
June 14th to 27th, President Wakelee, by virtue of his 
office, served as Acting Governor and gave every satisfac- 
tion in his occupation of the position. In 1906 the Senator 
served as chairman of the Committees on Education, Bor- 
oughs and Townships, and New Jersey Reformatory, and 
as a member of thi^ Committees on Corporations, Judi- 
ciary, Miscellaneous Business, Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women and State Library. 

1904— Wakelee, Rep., 9,701; Johnson, Dem., 7,564; Fletcher, 
Pro., 198; West, 389. Waklee's plurality, 2,137. 



Burlingrton County. 
(Population, 62,042.) 

SAMUEL K. ROBBINS. 
(Rep., Moorestown.) 

Senator Robbins was born at Mount Holly, N. J., May 
9th, 1853, and is an attorney and counselor-at-law. He was 
graduated at Princeton College (now Princeton University) 
in the class of 1874. He studied law with Charles E. Hen- 
drickson, now a Justice of the Supreme Court, at Mount 



BIOGRAPHIES. 295 

Holly, was admitted to the bar as an attorney at the June 
term, 1880, and as a counselor at the February term, 1884. 
He opened a law office at Moorestown, September 1, 1880, 
and also at Camden, and has been actively engaged in the 
practice of his profession since that time. He has always 
been identified with the Republican party and taken an 
active interest in the politics of his county and state. Mr. 
Robbins was a member of the Board of Education of 
Chester township from March, 1897, to March, 1903, and 
was president of the Board from March, 1899, to the end 
of his term. He was appointed to succeed Senator Haines 
as a member of the County Board of Elections of Burling- 
ton, October, 1900; was reappointed in 1902, and resigned in 
October, 1903. The Senator served as a member of the 
House of Assembly during the years 1904-05-06. In the lat- 
ter year he filled the office of Speaker with much credit 
and marked impartiality. He was elected to the Senate 
by a plurality of 2 227 over Collins, Democrat. 

190G— Robbins, Rep., 6,406; Collins, Dem., 4,179; Wilson, 
Pro., 398. Leeds, Soc, 118; Wildes, Ind., 808. Robbins' 
plurality, 2,227. 



Camden County. 

(Population, 121,555. 

WILLIAM J. BRADLEY. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Senator Bradley was born in Maryland, May 6th, 1852, 
and is a mechanical engineer. He was elected to the Cam- 
den City Council in 1892, and served one year as President 
of that body. He was a delegate to the National Republi- 
can Convention held at Philadelphia in 1900. He served in 
the House of Assembly for five consecutive terms, from 
1898 to 1902, making a record of service in that body never 
before equalled from Camden county. In 1901 and 1902 he 
filled the Speaker's chair, with admirable ability. He was 
one of the seven Speakers who were re-elected to a second 
term of office since the adoption of the present State Con- 
stitution, in 1844. He was elected to the Senate in 1902 by 
a plurality of 5,043 over William C. French, the Demo- 
cratic candidate, and in 1905 he was re-elected by a plur- 
ality of 4,317 over Benjamin, Democrat, and Roosevelt, 
Republican. The Senator was elected President of the 
Senate by a unanimous vote to fill the vacancy caused 



296 BIOGRAPHIES. 

by the resignation of President Joseph Cross on the last 
day of the session of 1905. During that year the Senator 
was the Republican leader on the floor of the Senate. In 
1906 he was elected President of the Senate, when he dis- 
charged the duties of that office in a very satisfactory 
manner. 

1905— Bradley, Rep., 15,221; Benjamin, Dem. and L. Rep., 
10,904; Lane, Pro., 517; Kreck, Soc, 320. Bradley's plur- 
ality, 4,317. 



Cape May County. 

(Population, 17,399.) 

ROBERT E. HAND. 
(Rep., Erma.) 

Senator Hand was born at Erma, Cape May county, 
June 28thj 1854. He was educated in the public schools, 
and at an early age gave evidence of business ability of 
an unusual order. He is now extensively engaged in 
oyster planting and general contracting. He is the owner 
of hundreds of acres of valuable timber lands, from which 
he cuts railroad ties, piling, poles, etc., in great quantity 
and employs more labor than any other man in the 
county. He married Lizzie W., daughter of Captain Will- 
iam S. Hoffman, of Cold Spring, N. J., in 1878. Tne Sen- 
ator began his public career as a member of the local 
Board of Education, and was its District Clerk for twelve 
5'^ears. He was an active and influential member of the 
Board of Freeholders from 1887 to 1892, and in the latter 
year was elected Sheriff, after one of the most masterly 
campaigns hi the history of the county. He was delegate 
to the National Republican Convention at St. Louis, June 
16th, 189G. In 1896 he was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 469 over David W. Roden, Democrat, and in 
1897 he was chosen State Senator over the same opponent 
by a plurality of 205 after one of the hottest contests ever 
waged in the county, being the only Republican Senator 
elected in New Jersey at that time. His many friends 
throughout the State congratulated him on his brilliant 
and decisive victory, and in their appreciation of his abili- 
ties expressed the opinion that, in politics as well as in 
business, he is in the foremost rank of enterprising citi- 
zens. In 1900 he was re-elected to the benate by the in- 
creased plurality of 325 over Miller, Democrat. Again in 



±iIOGRAPHIES. 297 

190i3 lie was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 610 over 
Ewing, Democrat. With the exception of Waters B. Mil- 
ler, Mr. Hand is the only Senator who was ever given 
more than one term In Cape May, and is the only Senator 
who was chosen for three terms of office. 

1906— Hand, Rep., 2,322; Ewing, Dem., 1,712; Weitbank, 
Soc, 56. 



Cumberland County. 
(Population, 52,110.) 

BLOOMFIELD H. MINCH. 
(Rep., Bridgeton.) 

Senator Minch was born upon a farm in Hopewell town- 
ship, Cumberland county, October 10, 1864. Removing to 
Bridgeton, the county seat, he was graduated from the 
South Jersey Institute in 1883, and acquired a course or 
instruction in the Bryant & Stratton Business College in 
Philadelphia. For a number of years he was extensively 
engaged in the business of furnishing coal and agricul- 
tural supplies, and did a line of large contracting. Re- 
tiring from this business, he gave his entire attention to 
banking, and was director in several South Jersey insti- 
tutions until two years since, when he was elected Vice 
President of the Bridgeton National Bank, and is one of 
the executive officers of that establishment. While al- 
ways interested in politics and a prominent leader in 
Republican affairs of his county. Senator Minch never 
held any but legislative office. He was a member of the 
House of Assembly in 1895, '96, '97, and was prominent in 
the work of the Legislature. In 1897 he was chairman of 
the Committee on Municipal Corporations. In 1901 Mr. 
Minch was unanimously nominated by his party for the 
Senate, and was elected by a plurality of 1,977, leading his 
ticket in the county. During his first term in the Senate 
Mr. Minch was influential and had position upon impor- 
tant committees, in 1904 being Chairman of the Game 
and Fisheries, and Borough and Township Committees, 
and a member of the Judiciary, and Municipal Corpora- 
tion Committees. He was Chairman of the Joint Com- 
mittee on Soldiers' Home, and Sanitorium for Tubercu- 
losis Diseases, and a member of the Joint Committees on 
Public Grounds and Buildings, and State Hospitals. 

In 1904 Senator Minch was again unanimously nomi- 



298 BIOGRAPHIES. 

nated for Senator, and was re-elected by a plurality- 
larger than ever given a Cumberland county candidate, 
and by a plurality practically twice as large as he re- 
ceived in 1901. In his home ward in Bnageton and in the 
township where he was born he received more votes than 
the Presidential electors. 

At the State Republican Convention of 1904 Senator 
Minch had the distinction of nominating Edward C. 
Stokes for Governor, and his speech was universally com- 
mended as one of the most eloquent and peculiarly fit- 
ting of any heard in conventions in this State. 

Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Corporations, on Home for Feeble-Minded Women, and 
Soldiers' Home, and as a member of the Committees on 
Game and Fisheries, Municipal Corporations, Riparian 
Rights, and State Hospitals. 

1904— Minch, Rep., 7,216; Branin, Dem., 3,374; Moore, Pro., 
579; Davis, 145. Minch's plurality, 3,842. 



E33ex County. 

(Population, 409,928.) 

EVERETT COLBY. 
(Rep., "West Orange.) 

Senator Colby was born in Milwaukee, Wis., on Decem- 
ber 10th, 1874, and is a son of the late Charles L. Colby and 
nephew of the late Gardner R. Colby, of East Orange, who 
was prominent in the Republican party in Essex county 
and its candidate for the Gubernatorial nomination in 1886. 
Mr. Colby moved to New York when a boy and prepared 
for college at Browning's School. He subsequently entered 
Brown University, and was graduated therefrom in 1897. 

After taking a tour around the worla, he began the 
study of law, and was graduated from the New York 
Law School in 1899, was admitted to the New York Bar, 
and practiced his profession in the firm of Hatch, Debe- 
vois & Colby until 1904, when he entered the banking firm 
of Herrick, Hicks & Colby. 

Mr. Colby was appointed a member of the State Board 
of Education by Governor Voorhees in the spring of 1901 
and is still a member of that Board. He is Chairman of 
the West Orange Republican Township Executive Com- 
mittee: was an aide on Governor Murphy's personal staff, 
and is President of the State League of Republican Clubs. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 299 

Mr. Colby served three years as a member of the House 
of Assembly. In 1905 he was elected to the Senate by _a 
plurality of 19,818 over Gregory, Democrat. Last year he 
served as chairman of the Committees on Commerce and 
Navigation, and School for Deaf Mutes, and as a member 
of the Committees on Appropriations, Education and Sol- 
diers' Home. 

1905— Colby, Rep., 41,064; Gregory, Dem., 21,246; Parsonett, 
Soc, 1834; Vannatta, Pro.. 310: Mattick, Soc.-Lab., 582. 
Colby's plurality, 19,818. 



Gloucester County. 

(Population, 34,447.) 

JOHN BOYD AVIS. 
(Rep., Woodbury.) 

Senator Avis was bom in Deerfield, Cumberland county, 
N. J., July 11, 1875, and is an attorney and counselor at law. 
He attended the public schools of Deerfield until Decem- 
ber 1, 1890, when he began the study of law in the office of 
John S. Mitchell, at Bridgeton. He continued his studies 
until February, 1894, when a change of residence made it 
necessary to relinquish them, and for the next three years 
he was engaged in mercantile pursuits in Philadelphia 
and Long Branch. In December, 1897, he entered the law 
office of Hon. David O. Watkins, and in February of the 
following year he was admitted to the bar as an attorney 
and three years later he became a counselor. In March, 
1900, Mr. Avis formed a co-partnership with Mr. Watkins, 
under the firm name of Watkins & Avis, which still con- 
tinues. Mr. Avis has always been a zealous Republican 
and for several years has been prominently identified with 
the Young Men's Republican Club of Woodbury. He is a 
member of Florence Lodge, No. 87, F. & A. M. ; of Minne- 
tonka Lodge, I. O. R. M., in Woodbury; Prosperity Lodge, 
I. O. M.; Woodbury Court, F of A. ; Westfield Council, Jr. 
O. U. A. M.; of the Woodbury Country Club, and also of 
other organizations. The Senator served four years as a 
member of Assembly and in 1904 and '05 was Speaker, 
when he discharged the duties of that office in a highly 
satisfactory manner. In 1905 he was elected to the Senate 
by a plurality cf 470 over Thomas M. Ferrell, his prede- 
cessor in office and the strongest Democrat in Gloucester 
county. The Senator is the youngest member of the pres- 



300 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ent Senate. He is City Solicitor of Woodbury, having been 
elected for two terms, and is also Solicitor for the Board 
of Chosen Freeholders of Gloucester county and of sev- 
eral townships and boroughs in that county. Last year 
he served as chairman of the Committees on Miscellane- 
ous Business, and State Hospitals, and as a member of the 
Committees on Appropriations, Corporations, Revision of 
Laws, Home for Feeble-Minded Women and Federal Re- 
lations. 

1905— Avis. Rep., 3,915; Ferrell, Dem., 3,445; Lake, Pro., 
229. Avis' plurality, 470. 



Hudson County. 

(Population, 449,879.) • 

JAMES F. MINTURN. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Senator Minturn was born at Hoboken, N. J., July 16, 
1861, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated in 
the Hoboken public schools and the Martha Institute, 
from which he was graduated with high honors. After- 
ward he entered college, but was forced to retire owing 
to ill health, and he completed his studies under the 
tutelage of Prof. Louis Barton, a graduate of Rutgers 
College. He was graduated from Columbia College Law 
School, New York, with the degree of L.L. B., in 1886, 
and completed his law studies with John McKeon, one of 
the ablest lawyers of New York. Within a year after his 
graduation he was admitted to the bar of that State as 
an attorney and counsellor. He was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar in 1882 as an attorney, and three years later 
as a counselor. In 1886 he was appointed Corporation 
Attorney of Hoboken and has been retained in that office 
ever since, despite political changes in administration. 

He represented Hoboken in many notable law suits 
carrying them through the highest courts of the State. 
In 1889 he represented that city in the dispute over the 
ownership of the river front, in which the Hoboken Land 
and Improvement Company and the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company were parties in litigation. The case went 
through the State courts and was taken to the United 
States Supreme Court, where Mr. Minturn made a three 
hours' argument, and was complimented by the judges 
for his ability. At that time he was the youngest lawyer 
ever permitted to practice in that court. The case, how- 
ever, was decided against the city. Mr. Minturn, at the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 301 

beginning, gave his opinion to the Hoboken authorities 
that the city had a doubtful chance of success. 

The Senator was counsel for the late Henry George in 
the celebrated case of the John Hutchins will, of Camden, 
in which considerable money was bequeathed for the cir- 
culation of George's works. .After going through the 
Court of Chancery, it was taken to the Court of Errors 
and Appeals, and decided in favor of the Senator's client. 
Mr. Minturn at one time declined the appointment of 
District Court Judge of Hoboken. He was one of the 
organizers of the Hudson County and State Bar Associa- 
tions. In 1903 he wrote an article, which appeared in the 
New Jersey Law Journal, discussing the proposed Con- 
stitutional Amendments, taking the ground, while not 
opposing them, that they were insufficient for the relief 
of the courts. He advocated the reform of the whole 
judiciary system with the election of judges, so as to 
bring them closer to the people. He also contributed to 
Belford's Magazine an article entitled "The Iniquities of 
the Tariff." He is now engaged in writing a history of 
Hoboken. A Latin scholar and linguist, he is an orator 
and a lecturer of high rank. 

He is a member of Hoboken Council, 99, Royal Arca- 
um; Hoboken Lodge of Elks; Hoboken Deutscher Club; 
Clan-Na-Gael, Ancient Order of Hibernians; Elysian Cam- 
era Club; Amphion Glee Club; Hoboken Quartet Club; 
Cosmoe Club of Jersey City; Sarsfield Club and Hoboken 
Board of Trade. For many years he was President of 
the Hoboken Irish Land League, and was a delegate rep- 
resenting the American contributors at the unveiling of 
the monument erected to the memory of Rev. Father 
John Murphy, the Irish martyr, at Wexford, Ireland. In 
1884 Mr. Minturn was appointed Judge Advocate of the 
old Second Regiment, National Guard, and served seven 
years and until the regiment was amalgamated with the 
Fourth. He is an honorary member of the De Long 
Guards, of Hobcken. He has always taken an active in- 
terest in military affairs, and has won several medals at 
the Sea Girt ranges and qualified as an expert marksman. 

The Senator was one of the organizers of the Free Pub- 
lic Library of Hoboken, and of the State Charities Aid 
Association. He also helped organize the Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Children and has been its coun- 
pel since its inception. In 1906 the Senator was urged by 
the stockholders of the First National Bank of Gutten- 
burg, Hudson county, to accept the presidency of that in- 
Btitution and h$ is now acting in that capacity. He is 



302 BIOGRAPHIES. 

also one of the vice presidents of tke State Bar As- 
sociation. Tliis is the first time he has been a can- 
didate for an elective office, having frequently declined 
such honors before. He is a Supreme Court Commis- 
sioner and Special Master in the Court of Chancery. 
He was elected Senator by a plurality of 3,166 over George 
McCarthy, the Republican candidate. Last year the Sen- 
ator served on the Committees on Judiciary, Soldiers' 
Home, Public Grounds and Buildings, and Unfinished 
Business. 

1904— Minturn, Dem., 38,995; McCarthy, Rep., 35,829; Ray- 
mond, Pro., 344; Pankopf, Soc, 2,770; Gallo, Soc.-Lab., 675. 
Minturn's plurality, 3,166. 



Hunterdon County. 

(Population, 33,258.'> 

WILLIAM C. GEPHARDT. 
(Dem., Clinton.) 

Senator Gebliardt was born at Croton, Hunterdon 
county, N. J., March 28, 1859, and is a lawyer by profes- 
sion. He was graduated at the Clinton Institute and was 
admitted to the bar at the June term, 1884, as an attorney, 
and at the June term, 1887, as a counselor. He began the 
practice of his profession at Clinton, N. J., and still re- 
tains an office there, having one also at 259 Washington 
street, Jersey City. He served as Corporation Counsel of 
the town of Clinton for ten years, and as President of the 
Board of Education three years. He has also filled the 
position of School Principal. In 1900 he was elected to the 
Senate by a plurality of 1,281 over his Republican oppo- 
nent, Albert C. Gandy, and again in 1906 by a plurality of 
961 over Parker, Republican. 

1906— Gebhardt, Dem., 3,881; Parker, Rep., 2,920; Volk, 
Pro., 135; Gebhardt' s plurality. 961. 



Mercer County. 

(Population, 110,516.) 

BARTON B. HUTCHINSON. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Senator Hutchinson was born at Allentown, Monmouth 
county, N. J., June 10th, 1860, and is a lawyer by pro- 
fession. He began the study of law in 1877; was admitted 



BIOGRAPHIES. 303 

as an attorney at the June term, 1881, and as a counselor 
three years later. He was Vice President of the Trenton 
Board of Trade in 1888 and 1889, and President of the same 
body in 1890. For two years he was a member and Secre- 
tary of the Republican City Executive Committee of 
Trenton. He was a member of the House of Assembly, 
representing the old First District o? Mercer county, in 
1892 and '93, and in the latter year he acted as Republican 
leader of the House, when he made strenuous opposition 
to the enactment of race-track legislation. He was elect- 
ed to the Senate in 1904 by a plurality of 5,692 over John T. 
Bird, Democrat. Last year he served as Chairman of the 
Committees on Municipal Corporations, Riparian Rights, 
Treasurer's Accounts, and Public Grounds and Buildings, 
and as a member of the Committees on Clergy, Militia, 
and State Prison. 

1904— Hutchinson, Rep., 14,628; Bird, Dem., 8,936; Smith, 
Pro., 336; Richards, Soc, 583; Nicklin, People's Dem., 108. 
Hutchinson's plurality, 5,692. 



Middlesex County. 

(Population, 97,036.) 

GEORGE S. SILZER. 
(Dem., Metuchen.) 

Senator Silzer was born at New Brunswick, N. J., April 
4th, 1870, and is a counselor-at-law. He was educated in 
the public schools and was graduated from the High 
School in 1888. being the valedictorian of his class. He 
studied law in the office of Judge J. Kearny Rice, was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in November, 1892, and 
as counselor in November, 1899. Since then he has prac- 
ticed his profession in New Brunswick and Metuchen. 
When but 24 years of age he was assigned by the late 
Chief Justice Beasley to defend Aragia and Spina. 
Italians, charged with murder, and his skill shown in that 
case won praise from the bench. From that time he be- 
came prominent in his profession. He has been honored 
with several appointments in the gift of the Supreme 
Court, and Justices Collins and Fort commended him 
from the bench. He has served on the Board of Ex- 
aminers for candidates for admission to the bar and is 
secretary of the local bar association. He has served in 
the New Brunswick Board of Aldermen as a member from 



304 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the Third ward, and as chairman of the Democratic 
County Committee. He was unanimously nominated for 
State Senator by his party and successfully conducted his 
campaign on the principle of anti-bribery. On this plea 
alone he has become very prominent in politics. The Sen- 
ator is well known to the legal profession and also so- 
cially. He is a member of Union Lodge, F. and A. M. ; 
Scott Chapter, and the Elks. Being fond of music, he 
sang for eight years in church choirs. Proud of his alma 
mater and the fact that the Graduates Association of the 
Public Schools chose him as secretary and then as presi- 
dent shows his alma mater is proud of him. Mr. Sulzer 
was elected to the Senate after an exciting campaign by a 
plurality of 106 over Senator Jackson, a very popular op- 
ponent. 

1906-Silzer, Dem., 8,309; Jackson, Rep.. 8,203; Marshall 
Pro., 203. Silzer's plurality, 106. 



Monmouth County. 

(Population, 87,919.) 

OLIVER HUFF BROWN. 
(Rep., Spring Lake.) 

Senator Brown was born at Farmingdale, N. J., Decem- 
ber 12th, 18.52, and is in the furniture, house-furnishing 
and imported china and glass business at Spring Lake, 
Asbury Park and Lake wood. At the age of nine- 
teen he entered a small country store at New Branch, 
N. J., and after conducting it for two years he 
was employed in the establishment of John A. Gith- 
ens. of Asbury Park, where for eight years he acted 
as manager. He made two trips across the ocean, which 
added much to his business qualifications. In 1881 he 
started business for himself at Spring Lake, which was 
then sparsely settled, and he has built it up so much that 
now he owns one of the largest stores along the sea coast. 
In 1889 he established a branch store at Lakewood, in 
which he does a most extensive business. The Senator has 
attained a widespread reputation as an art connoisseur and 
many homes in New York, Philadelphia and other cities 
contain selection of wares from his establishments. 
He is one of the largest property holders of Spring 
Lake and was Mayor of the borough for twelve 
years. He is President of the new national bank 



BIOGRAPHIES. 305 

at Spring- I^ake and also of the First National 
Bank of Lakewood, and besides he is connected with 
a number of other financial institutions of Monmouth 
and Ocean counties. He is interested in the coasting trade, 
being part owner of several schooners, one of which bears 
his name. He is a member of Ashler Lodge, No. 142, F. 
and A. M. In 1896 he was elected to the House of Assembly 
by the phenomenal plurality of 2,182 over Heyer, the high- 
est candidate on the Democratic ticket, and he was at the 
head of the poll at that election. 

In the Monmouth County Republican Convention of 1902 
Counselor H. H. Wainwright placed Mr. Brown in nomina- 
tion for Senator and it was seconded by Dr. B. S. Keator 
and was then made unanimous. Mr. Brown was elected 
by a plurality of 153 over Dr. Hugh S. Kinmontu, his 
Democratic opponent, after a very lively campaign. In 
1905 he was re-elected over the same opponent by a plur- 
ality of 3,364. In 1903 a new borough was formed by the 
consolidation of Spring Lrake, North Spring Lake and 
Como, and Mr. Brown was elected as its first Mayor. Last 
year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Agriculture, and State Prison, and a& a member of the 
Committees on Banks and Insurance, Commerce and Nav- 
igation, Printing, Game and Fisheries, and School for 
Feeble-Minded Girls and Boys. 

19(^— Brown, Rep., 11,076; Kinmonth, Dem., 7,712; Clough- 
ly, Pro., 271. Brown's plurality, 3,364, 



Morris County. 

(Population, 67,934.) 

THOMAS J. HILLERY. 

(Rep., Boonton.) 

Senator Hillery was born at Hibernia, N. J., November 
18, 1871, and is a lawyer by profession. He attended the 
public school at Hibernia, and subsequently at Rocka- 
way, where he was graduated and received a teachers' 
certificate for Morris county. 

After leaving school, he entered the employ of B. K. & 
G. W. Stickle, general merchants, where he remained for 
four years. He then became associated with a civil en- 
gineer at Boonton, N. J., and practiced civil engineering 
and land surveying for a number of years. This work 
brought him in touch with searching land titles and 
20 



306 BIOGRAPHIES. 

drawing of legal papers generally, and lead to a study of 
the law, which he supplemented with a two years' course 
in the New York University Law School. He was ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey Bar at the Fet)ruary term, 1901, 
and is now practicing law at Boonton, N. J. 

He was one of the original incorporators of the Boon- 
ton Water Company and is now a director in said com- 
pany. He is associated in a number of business enter- 
prises and has a growing law practice. 

He was elected to the Assembly in 1902, which was the 
first political office that he held, and received more votes 
than any other candidate on his ticket at that election. 
He was re-electetd in 1903 by nearly three times the ma- 
jority he received the previous year. In 1904 he received 
the unanimous nomination from his party as its candi- 
date for State Senator, and was elected by a still larger 
majority than the year previous. During his term in the 
House he served on important committees, being Chair- 
man of the Committee on Corporations and a member of 
the Committee on Appropriations and several minor com- 
mittees, and in 1904 was the leading candidate against 
Mr. Colby for the leadership of the House, which the lat- 
ter won by a narrow margin. Last year he was the leader 
of his party on the floor of the Senate and served as 
Chairman of the Committees on Judiciary, Public Health, 
and State Home for Boys, and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Finance, Miscellaneous Business, State Hos- 
pitals, and School for Deaf Mutes. 

1904— Hillery, Rep., 8,132; Smith, Dem., 4,789; Gray, Pro., 
517; Keifel, Soc, 361; Gardner, Jeff. -Lincoln, 7. Hillery's 
plurality, 3,343. 



Ocean County. 

(Population, 20,880.) 

GEORGE L. SHINN. 
(Rep., New Egypt.) 

Senator Shinn was born at New Egypt, N. J., Novem- 
ber 5th, 1862, and is a merchant. He attended the public 
school at New Egypt, and later the New Egypt Seminary 
(under the charge of ex-Senator George D. Horner, a for- 
mer professor of Pennington Seminary). He studied law 
with Robbins and Hartshorn, at Freehoia, N. J., and sub- 
sequently assumed charge of his father's mercantile busi- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 307 

ness, in which he is now engaged. He owns one of the 
largest department stores in Ocean county. 

The Senator was elected County Collector of Ocean 
county in 1893, without opposition, and was re-elected in 
1896 by the largest majority ever given a candidate for 
the office in the county. He is a director of the P. & H. 
R. R. Co., the First National Bank of Hightstown, and 
the New Egypt Water Company, and is vice president of 
the New Egypt Fire Company, and is an extensive cran- 
berry grower. 

In 1901 he was unanimously nominated for the State 
Senate, and elected by a large majority. In 1904 he again 
received the unanimous nomination of his party, and was 
re-elected by a plurality of 748 over a very popular op- 
ponent. Last year the Senator served as Chairman of the 
Committees on Clergy, Labor and Industries, and Federal 
Relations, and as a member of the Committees on Printed 
Bills, Stace Home for Boys, and State Village for Epilep- 
tics. 

1904— Shinn, Rep., 3,047; Harrison, Dem., 2,299; Simpson, 
Pro., 123; Havens, 20. Shinn's plurality, 748. 



Passaic County. 

(Population, 175,858.) 

JOHN HINCHLIFFE. 
(Dem., Paterson.) 
Senator Hinchliffe was born in New York City, May 
19th, 1850, and has resided in Paterson since he was a year 
old. He is President of the Paters^on Brewing and Malt- 
ing Company, also of the Empire State Granite Company. 
He was educated in the public schools of Paterson and, 
also, at the King James Grammar School, in Yorkshire, 
England, at the birthplace of his father. The Senator 
was a member of the Board of Education of Paterson 
from 1875 to 1877, and a Commissioner of Taxes and As- 
sessments for two terms from 1877 to 1881, and was Presi- 
dent of the Board dunng his last term. He was elected to 
the State Senate in 1S91 by a plurality of 112 over Eugene 
Emley, Republican. The Senator was Mayor of the city 
of Paterson for three successive terms from 1897 to De- 
cember 31, 190.3, inclusive, six and one-half years alto- 
gether. He was Mayor during the fire and floods of 1902 
and 1903. He suspended the Chief of Police during the 



308 BIOGRAPHIES. 

riots of 1902 and took command of the police force himself, 
placing the city under martial law and restoring peace 
and quiet. He refused outside aid during the fire, and hi_s 
slog-an, "Paterson can take care of its own," has been 
echoed and re-echoed throughout the civilized world. He 
served as a member of the State Severage Commission 
from 1899 to 1902, and was treasurer of that body. He re- 
signed his membership. He was again elected to the State 
Senate in 1906 by a plurality of 4,348 over Wood McKee, 
Republican, it being the largest ever given a Democratic 
candidate for any oftice in Passaic county. 

1906— Hinchliffe, Dem.. 15,719; McKee, Rep., 11,371; Ban- 
field, Soc, 683; Romary, Soc.-Lab., 331; Rowland, Pro., 231. 
HinchlifCe's plurality, 4,348. 



Salem County. 
(Population. 26,278.) 

WILIJAM PLUMMER, JR. 

(Rep., Quinton.) 

Senator Plummer was born in Canton, N. J., January 
13th, 1855, and is a glass manufacturer. He was a School 
Trustee for sixteen years and Postmaster of Quinton for 
thirteen years. He was elected to the Senate in 1905 by 
a plurality of C60 over former Senator William Newell, 
Democrat. Last year he served as chairman of the Com- 
mittes on Unfinished Business, and Sinking Fund and as 
a member of the Committees on Agriculture, Federal Re- 
lations and State Library. 

1905— Plummer, Jr., Rep., 3,385; Newell, Dem., 2,725; Wool- 
man, Pro., 164. Plummer's plurality, 660. 



Somerset County. 

(Population, 36,270.) 

JOSEPH SHERMAN FRELINGHUYSEN. 
(Rep., Rartitan.) 
Senator Frelinghuysen was born March 12th, 1869, at 
Raritan, N. J., and is a fire insurance manager. For three 
years he was Chairman of the Somerset County Republi- 
can Executive Committee. In 1902 he was defeated for 
the Senate by Samuel S. Childs, Democrat. In 1905 he was 
elected over Mr. Childs by a plurality of 1,056, Last year 



BIOGRAPHIES. 309 

he served as chairman of the Committee on Sanatorium 
for Tuberculous Diseases, and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Banks and Insurance, Boroughs and Town- 
ships, Railroads and Canals, School for Deaf Mutes, and 
State Village for Epileptics. 

1905— Frelinghuysen, Rep., 4,151; Childs, Dem., 3,095; Hop- 
pock, Pro., 111. Frelinghuysen's plurality, 1,056. 



Sussex County. 

(Population. 23,325.) 

JACOB COLE PRICE. 
(Dem., Branchville.) 

Senator Price was born at Branchville, Sussex county, 
N. J., January 9th, 1850. By profession he is a physician. 
His father was a cousin of Governor Rodman M. Price, 
and was an Assemblyman from Sussex county in 1861. Dr. 
Price is a graduate of the Michigan University and the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York city. 
He was County Physician for Sussex for fifteen years, and 
has served as Mayor, and also Postmaster, at Branchville. 
He was appointed as a member of the Board of Examining 
Surgeons for his Congressional District under the McKin- 
ley administration. He is a member of the Board of 
Directors of the Merchants' National Bank of Newton. 
Dr. Price was elected to the State Senate by a plurality 
of 758 over Woodward, Republican, and he was re-elected 
in 1906 by a plurality of 730 over Howell, Republican. Last 
year he served on the Committees on Appropriations, Pub- 
lie Health, Printing, and Sinking Fund. 

1906— Price, Dem., 2,593; How^ell, Rep., 1,863; Benz, Pro., 
85. Price's plurality, 730. 

Uoion County. 

(Population, 117,211.) 

ERNEST R. ACKERMAN. 
(Rep., Plainfield.) 
Senator Ackerman was born in New York City, June 
17th, 1863, and has been a resident of Plainfield for the 
greater portion of his life. He was educated at the Plain- 
field public schools, graduating from the High School in 
the class of 1880. 

At seventeen years of age he obtained a position as office 
boy In the La-.vrence Cement Company In New York, 



310 BIOGRAPHIES. 

where, by attention and fidelity to his duties, he rose 
through the offices of shipping- clerk, bookkeeper, travel- 
ing salesman and ifeneral sales agent, until he was made 
president. 

Mr. Ackernian fought the "Big Six" in the Common 
Council of 1891-92, when he represented the Third Ward of 
Plainfield in that body, and to his efforts was due in a 
great measure the set-back the "Big Six" received and 
their final overthrow. He was Republican Presidential 
Elector in 189G and was Secretary of the New Jersey 
Electoral College in 1897. 

He has been the Chairman of the Republican City Ex- 
ecutive Committee of Plainfield and has been a delegate 
to city, county and State conventions of the Republican 
party. 

He is president of the Lawrence Cement Company, a 
director of the Plainfield Trust Company, a member of 
the New York Chamber of Commerce, the Union League 
Club of New York, the Lawyers' Club, and associate of 
the American Society of Civil Engineers, and a Fellow of 
the American Geographical Society. 

For twenty years Mr. Ackerman has been a director of 
the Young Men's Christian Association. He is a member 
of the Advisory Board of the Plainfield Relief Association, 
is a Governor of Muhlenberg Hospital of Plainfield, and is 
Vice President of the Plainfield Country Club. 

He was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 2,799 over 
Nugent, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees on 
Finance, and the Training School for Feeble-Minded Girls 
and Boys, and as a member of the Committees on Labor 
and Industry, Municipal Corporations, Unfinished Busi- 
ness, State Home for Boys, and New Jersey Reformatory, 

1905— Ackerman, Rep., 11,089; Nugent, Dem., 8,290; Otto, 
Soc, 462: Van Ilise, Pro., 147; Burgholz, Soc.-Lab., 194. 
Ackerman' s plurality, 2,799. 



Warren County. 

(Population, 40,403.) 

JOHNSTON CORNISH. 

(Dem., Washington.) 

Senator Cornish, at the age of forty-eight, returns to the 

Senate of New Jersey for the third time. He is one of the 

representative yoimg business men of the State, having 



BIOGRAPHIES. 311 

for years been the junior member of the firm of Cornish 
& Co. (which was composed of ex-Senator Joseph B. Cor- 
nish and Senator Johnston Cornish), manufacturers of 
the celebrated Cornish American pianos and organs at 
Washington. From a small beginning the business was 
brought up to its present greatness, employing hundreds 
of skilled mechanics and shipping to every state and ter- 
ritory thousands of pianos and organs yearly, on the 
direct plan "from factory to home." Owing to the gen- 
eral growth and extension of the business, the firm be- 
came incorporated under the name of the Cornish Com- 
pany, and Senator Cornish has since been its secretary 
and treasurer. The company has greatly increased its 
output in recent years to meet its export trade, and to-day 
the Cornish American pianos are to be found in every 
part of the habitable globe. The success of the company 
has placed Senator Cornish in the front rank of American 
manufacturers. 

The holding of public office by Senator Cornish is not 
of his own seeking, but in response to a popular demand. 

At the age of twenty-seven years he was elected Mayor 
of Washington by an overwhelming majority, which was 
repeated the following year, and for the third time he was 
nominated and elected without opposition. 

He was first elected to the Senate in 1890, and before 
the expiration of his term was nominated and elected to 
Congress from the Fourth District of New Jersey. Hav- 
ing served his term in Congress, he returned home, tak- 
ing up again the active management of the piano busi- 
ness. In 1899 he was again chosen as the DemO'cratic can- 
didate for Senator, and was elected by an increased ma- 
jorit5\ He served his term and became a private in the 
ranks until the fall of 1905, when, from every section of 
the county, the call came to him to accept the senatorial 
nomination for the third time. His reply was, that if the 
citizens united upon him as their choice, he could not do 
otherwise than accent the nomination. The next Demo- 
cratic convention, by a unanimous vote, nominated him 
for Senator. The Republican party of Warren county 
nominated Winthrop Rutherfurd as his opponent, and at 
the election Senator Cornish carried twenty out of the 
twenty-eight election districts of the county. Last year 
he served on the Committees on Elections, Finance, Rail- 
roads and Canals, Sate Home for Girls, and Treasurer's 
Accounts. 

1905— Cornish, Dem., 4,532; Rutherford, Rep., 3,611; Buell, 
Pro., 221. Cornish's plurality, 921. 



n2 SENATORIAL. ELECTIONS. 

Summary. 

Senate— Republicans 15 Democrats 6=21 

House— Republicans 29 Democrats 31=60 

44 37 81 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 7. 



When Regular Senatorial Elections Occur. 

In 1907— Cumberland, Atlantic, Ocean, Mercer, Bergen 
and Morris, now represented by Republicans, and Hud- 
son, now represented by a Democrat— 7. 

In 1908— Essex, Monmouth, Union, Camden, Salem, Som- 
erset and Gloucester now represented by Republicans, and 
Warren, represented by a Democrat— 8. 

In 1909— Burlington and Cape May, now represented by 
Republicans, and Hunterdon, Middlesex, Passaic and Sus- 
sex, now represented by Democrats. 

The Senators who will be elected in 1908 and 1909 will 
each have a vote for a United States Senator to succeed 
John Kean, whose term will expire on March 4, 1911. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 313 

HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 



Atlantic County. 

THOMAS C. ELVINS. 
(Rep., Hammonton.) 

Mr. Elvins was born at Hammonton, Atlantic county, 
N. J., March 28, 1871, and is a merchant. He was educated 
in the public schools of his native town and later he at- 
tended Dickinson Preparatory School, Carlisle, Pa., foi 
two years, entered Amherst College in the fall of 1892 and 
was graduated from the latter institution In 1896. He is 
a son of George Elvins, who was an Assemblyman from 
Atlantic county In 1881. He was elected to the Assembly In 
1901 by a plurality of 2,928, running ahead of his ticket; he 
was re-elected in 1902 by a plurality of 3,930 over John F. 
Hall, Democrat, and in 1903 by a plurality of 3,860 over Ed- 
wards, Democrat, and in 1904 by a plurality of 4,504 over 
Scull, Democrat, and again in 1905 by a plurality of 4,890 
over Voelker, Democrat, and again in 1906 by a plurality 
of 3,648 over Garrison. Democrat. This is his sixth con- 
secutive term of office, the longest ever given any Assem- 
blyman in New Jersey. Last year he served as Chairman 
of the Committees on Printed Bills, and School for Feeble- 
minded Girls and Boys, and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Appropriations, Towns and Townships, and 
Sinking Fund. 

1906— Elvins, Rep., 6,249; Garrison, Dem., 2,601; Steelman, 
Pro., 165; Felder, Soc, 46. Elvins' plurality, 3,648. 



Bergen County. 

THOMAS DEVINE, JR. 
(Rep., Mahwah.) 
Mr. Devine was born at SufCern, N. Y., August 5th, 1867, 
and is a blacksmith and horseshoer. After receiving a 
common school education he began to learn the trade of 
horseshoeing and as a general blacksmith, and is still 
engaged in that vocation in the place where he started — 
twenty-one years altogether. He served six years on the 
Township Committee and six years as a member of the 
Board of Freeholders. The latter office he still holds. He 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 548 over 
Thompson, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. 



314 BIOGRAPHIES. 

GUY LEVERNE FAKi.. 
(Rep., Rutherford.) 
Mr. Fake was born at Cobleskill, ;N. Y., November 15th, 
1879, and is a counselor-at-law. He was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney at the February term, 1903, and as a 
counselor at the Marcli term, 1906, and is the youngest 
lawyer in Bergen county. He is a son of Milton E. Fake 
and a grandson of the late Lieutenant-Colonel John E. 
Cook of the 76th New York Volunteer Infantry, which 
served from 1861 to '65 in the Civil War. He is of Revo- 
lutionary stock. His family was among the early settlers 
of Rensalaer county, N. Y., of Dutch origin, and ^^as been 
represented in all the wars of this country, including that 
of 1898. Mr. Fake served with Company L, Second Ne^ 
Jersey Volunteer Infantry under Colonel Hine, as a pri- 
vate, at Sea Girt, Camp Cuba Libre and Pablo Beach, and 
during nine weeks was seriously ill with typhoid fever at 
the latter place. Mr. Fake was prepared for co.iege at 
the Rutherford Schools and the New York Preparatory 
School and received the degree of L.L.B. at ]??ew Y'ork 
University with the class of 1903. In college he was a 
member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity. He is a 
member of the Spanish War Veterans, being Judge Advo- 
cate of the Department of New Jersey. For some time he 
practiced law with Shafer & Conkling, of Rutherford, and 
two years ago he opene,d business for himself at the same 
place. Mr. Fake was elected to the Assembly by a plural- 
ity of 1,051 over Thompson, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Devine, Jr 8,627 Thompson 8,079 

Fake 9,130 Hart 7,98t 

Prohibition— Worth, 237; DeVoe, 273. 
Socialist— Turrian, 308; Kammerer, 288. 



Burlington County. 

JOHN B. IRICK. 
(Rep., Vincentown.) 

Mr. Irick was born in Vincentown, N. J., November 28, 
1845, and is a farmer and lumberman, formerly having 
been a merchant miller. He is the fourth son of the late 



BIOGRAPHIES. 315 

General John B. Irick and is one of the third generation 
of the family holding legislative honors. This is the first 
county or state oflice he has held. In 1905 he was nomi- 
nated for the Assembly on the first ballot after a spirited 
contest and was elected by a plurality of 3,226 over Van- 
sciver, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket, 
and leading his ticket by 281. He received in his own 
township 383 votes out of a total of 468. In 1906 he was re- 
elected by a plurality of 2,589 over Hughes, Democrat. 

Mr. Irick was Collector of Southampton Township four- 
teen years without opposition after the first election. He 
is and has been a director of the First National Bank of 
Vincentown for thirty-five consecutive years. Last year- 
he served on the Committees on Appropriations, Bill Files, 
Federal Relations and Treasurer's Accounts. 

GRIFFITH WALKER LEWIS. 
(Rep., Burlington.) 

Mr. Lewis, who is president of the firm of G. W. Lewis 
& Son, wholesale manufacturer of misses', children's and 
infants' shoes, was born in Burlington, July 1st, 1863. His 
early education was derived from public schools, after- 
wards from the Burlington Military College. He entered 
his father's employ at the age of 18, and became owner of 
the business at the death of his father, in February, 1899. 
This business was established by G. W. Lewis, Sr. (de- 
ceased), in January, 1857, and has been in operation con- 
tinuously ever since. He was a member of Burlington 
City Council for six years, beginning with the spring of 
1894; President of that body for one year, and Chairman 
of its Finance Committee for two years. In the fall ot 
1906 he finished three years as a member of the Republi- 
can County Executive Committee, and is now Chairman 
of that body. He was elected Vice President of the Me- 
chanics National Bank in January, 1906, and President of 
the Burlington Electric Light and Power Co. in October, 
1906. Of these two institutions and the Burlington Saving 
Institution and Burlington Building and Loan Association, 
he is and has been a director for seven years; he is one of 
the incorporators and continuously a director of the Bur- 
lington City Loan and Trust Company, and at present one 
of the Excise Commissioners for the city of Burlington. 

He is Vice President of the Mount Holly Fair Associa- 
tion; is a member of many secret societies, a thirty-second 
degree Mason, a past master of the Burlington Lodge, No. 
32, F. and A. M., member of Boudinot Chapter, R. A. M., 



316 BIOGRAPHIES. 

No. 3, and Helena Commandary, No. 3, as well as the 
Mystic Shrine of Philadelphia; also a member of Burling- 
ton Lodge, No. 22, I. O. O. F.; Hope Lodge, No. 13, K. of 
P.; a past exalted ruler of Mt. Holly Lodge, No. 848, 
B. P. O. E. 

He has been a life-long Republican and taken a more or 
less active part in politics both in his home city, county 
and State ever since he became a voter; always taken 
active part in Republican conventions, and in June, 1901, 
was an alternate delegate at large through this State to 
the National Republican Convention in Chicago. 

He was elected in November, 1906, to the office of As- 
semblyman by a plurality of 2,481 over Hughes, Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Irick 6,891 Hughes 4,302 

Lewis 6,783 

Prohibition— DeCou, 410; Ellis, 426. 
Socialist— Cox, 125; Smith, 127. 
Adams, Independent, 612. 



Camden County. 

THEODORE B. GIBBS. 
(Rep., Clementon.) 

Mr. Gibbs was born near Mount Holly, N. J., October 17, 
1838, and is a miller. During the Civil War he was cor- 
poral of Company D, 29th New Jersey Volunteers. He 
was appointed Postmaster at White Horse (now Kirk- 
wood), Camden county, in 1866, and resigned the office in 
1872. He was elected a member of the Board of Directors 
of the Atlantic City Railroad in 1876 and is still a member 
of that body. At the incorporation of the Clementon Hall 
Association in 1886 Mr. Gibbs was elected President and 
still holds that position. He was a member of the Town- 
ship Committee of Gloucester township for six years and 
was elected Sheriff of Camden county in 1882. In 1889 he 
was appointed Postmaster at Clementon and resigned that 
office in 1892. At the organization of the Clementon Build- 
ing and Loan Association in 1892 he was elected President 
and still serves in that capacity. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly for a fifth term by a plurality of 9,330 over Nie- 
land, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 317 

Last year Mr. Gibbs served as Chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Game and Fisheries, and Stationery, and as a mem- 
ber of the Committees on Banks and Insurance, State 
Prison, and Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases, 

SAMUEL P. JONES. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Jones was born in Kent county, Delaware, June 17, 
1859, and is a counselor-at-law. He studied law with the 
late Hon. Charles P. Stratton, the first Law Judge of 
Camden county; was admitted to the bar in 1880, and has 
practiced his profession continuously since that date in 
the city of Camden. He possesses in the highest degree 
the fullest confidence and personal respect of the judges 
of the various courts, and his fellow practitioners at the 
bar, irrespective of politics. In 1902 he was a member of 
the Camden City Council, and president of that body in 
1903 and 1904. He was re-elected to the Assembly for a 
third term by a plurality of 9,312 over Nieland, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he was 
chairman of the Committees on Incidental Expenses, and 
Public Grounds and Buildings, and was a member of the 
Committees on Judiciary and State Home for Girls. 

FRANK B. JESS. . 
(Rep., Haddon Heights.) 

Mr. Jess was born in Philadelphia, Pa., November 3d. 
1870, and is a lawyer by profession. He began newspaper 
work as a reporter in 1887, subsequently went to Philadel- 
phia as news editor of "The Call," since suspended, then 
became successively news editor, Washington correspond- 
ent and financial editor of "The Bulletin." He was ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey bar in 1897, having studied law 
under the supervision of his brother, the late William H. 
Jess. He was a member of Council of the Borough of Had- 
don Heights from its incorporation in 1901 to January 1. 1906. 
and of the Board of Education of Haddon Township from 
1902 till the organization of the Board of Education of 
Haddon Heights in 1904, and is still a member of the latter 
Board. At present he is Solicitor of the Borough of Had- 
don Heights. Mr. Jess was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 9,-345 over Nieland, the highest candidate on 
the Democrat ticket. 



318 BIOGRAPHIES. 

THE TOTAL. VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Gibbs 14,425 Nieland 5,095 

Jones 14,407 Shane 5,008 

Jess 14,44) Francis 5,032 

Prohibition— Lippincott, 530; Morgan, 532; Read, 528. 
Socialist— Dole, 420; Stratton, 420; Erler, 420. 



Cape May County. 

CORSVILLE EDMUNDS STILLE. 
(Rep., Tuckahoe.) 

Mr. Stille was born at Millville, N. J., December 15th, 
1876, and is in the hardware business. He is a son of Wil- 
liam Stille, who was a sea captain. He spent his early- 
years on a farm and then learned the trade of a maehinst. 
He began business in Tuckahoe and afterward was em- 
ployed in Washington as manager of a wholesale bicycle 
house. Now he represents a Philadelphia wholesale hard- 
ware house as traveling agent in South Jersey. He comes 
of a Republican family and at the age of twenty-two be- 
came secretary of the County Republican Committee. 
This is the first time he has held public office. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 815 over Lake, 
Democrat. 

1906— Stille, Rep., 2,422; Lake, Dem., 1,607; Lifshus, Soc, 
47. Stille's plurahty, 815. 



Cumberland County. 

B. FRANK BUCK. 
(Rep., Millville.) 

Mr, Buck was born at Millville, N. J., September 29, 1875, 
and is a journalist. He was educated in the public schools 
of Millville. When only eighteen years of age he took 
charge of the Millville department of the Bridgeton Eve- 
ning News. He was advertising manager of the Millville 
Republican and Daily Reporter, two years, 1899 and 1900, 
was managing editor of the Millville Transcript in 1901, 
and is now reporter for the Philadelphia Record, Philadel- 
phia Inquirer, Philadelphia North American, Philadelphia 



BIOGRAPHIES. 319 

Times-Ledger, New York World, New York Journal and 
Associated Press, and business Manager of the Millville 
Daily Republican. He has always taken a prominent part 
in politics and leading municipal questions, but has never 
held nor has been an aspirant for any public office before 
his election to the Assembly. He was re-elected to the As- 
sembly for a fifth term by a plurality of 1897 over Loder, 
the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last 
year he served as Chairman of the Committees on Cor- 
porations, and State Home for Boys, and as a member of 
the Committees on Riparian Rights, and Printing. 

FRANK B. POTTER. 
(Rep., Vineland.) 
Mr. Potter was born at Pleasantville, Cumberland 
county, N. J., October, 8th, 1851, and is an undertaker. Pre- 
viously he was foreman in a shoe factory for nine years. 
He served sixteen years in the National Guard of New 
Jersey from 1876 to 1892 and had risen to the rank of first 
lieutenant oE Company K, Sixth Regiment, and then re- 
signed. He was elected Coroner of Cumberland county in 
1903, and served a full term of three years; was elected a 
Justice of the Peace in November, 1905, and he also is a 
Commissioner of De^ds. Mr. Potter was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 1,961 over Loder, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Buck 4,164 Loder 2,267 

Potter 4,228 Howell 2,173 

Prohibition— Hampton, 243; Sheppard, 237. 
Socialist— Diacont, 130; Weiss, 128. 



Essex County. 

EDWARD HENRY WRIGHT, JR. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Wright was born in Newark, N. J., February 13th, 
1873, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated at 
St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., from 1885 to 1890. and 
entered Princeton class of -1894. He studi d l^iw in th - 
office of McCarter, Williamson and McCarter, Newark, 
and the New York Law School and was admitted to the 



320 BIOGRAPHIES. 

bar of New Jersey June 21st, 1897. He is the grandson of 
the late United States Senator Willani Wright of New 
Jersey and Steven Thomson Mason, first Governor of 
Michigan, and is the son of Colonel Edward H. Wright, 
aid on the staffs of the late Generals Winfield Scott and 
George B. McClellan. Mr. Wright is practicing law in 
the Prudential Building, Newark. He v.as elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 5,951 over Mayfield, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

PATRICK HENRY CORISH. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Corish was born in Newark, N. J., December 25th, 
18.54, and is a mineral water manufacturer. He was for- 
merly a hatter. He attended St. James Parochial School, 
Newark, after which he started to work at the hatting 
business. Afer working a number of years he started a 
cafe, and then entered the beer bottling business. Subse- 
quently he bought the mineral water business of J. H. 
Mahon, which he has carried on successfully for seven- 
teen years. Mr. Corish has always taken an active in- 
terest in politics, and in 1887 was appointed Assistant Ser- 
geant-at-Arms, and in 1889 and 1890 Sergeant-at-Arms of 
the House of Assembly. 

He is a member of several social and fraternal organiza- 
tions, among them being the Knights of Columbus, the 
Heptosophs, Road Horse Association, the Joseph Hensler 
Association, the Iron Bound Democratic League, the Joel 
Parker Association and the Jeffersonian Club. 

He is also a member of the Board of Trade and a di- 
rector of the Mutual and the Iron Bound District Building 
and Loan Associations. Mr. Corish was elected a trustee 
of the Newark City Home. He was elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 5,822 over Mayfield, the highest candi- 
date on the Republican ticket. 

SIMON HAHN. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Hahn was born in Newark, N. J., May 25, 1883, ard 
is the youngest member of the present Legislature. He 
is a lawyer by profession, and was admitted to practice at 
the age of 21 years. This is his first public ofliice. He has 
resided in Newark since his birth, and is tho son of Rev. 
Joseph Hahn, one of Newark's oldest and respected citi- 
zens. He is a nephew of the late Rev. Adolph Huebsch, of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 321 

New York city, who was one of America's foremost 
rabbis. Mr. Hahn was graduated from the Chestnut 
Street Public School of Newark at the age of 12 years, 
and four years later completed his graduate course in the 
Newark Public Evening High School. He studied law in 
the office of his brother, Henry Hahn, in Newark, and 
while a student he attended the lectures of the New York 
University (Law Department), and in 1903, on the comple- 
tion of the regular course of his studies in the university, 
was awarded the degree of Bachelor of Laws. In 1904, at 
the June term of the Supreme Court, he was admitted to 
the bar and became a member of the well-known -aw firm 
of Hahn and Hahn, with offices in Newark. He is a mem- 
ber of many literary and social societies and always has 
been a staunch Democrat. Mr. Hahn was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 5,803 over Mayfleld, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

JOHN BREUNIG. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Breunig was born in Newark, Essex county, N. J., 
Septemebr 5, 1859, and is a druggist by profession. He re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools of that 
city. In 1877, at the age of IS years, he entered the New 
York College of Pharmacy, graduating therefrom in the 
class of 1S79. He established his present business in 18S5, 
and the success with which he met speaks well for his 
honesty, ability and popularity as a business man. Mr. 
Breunig was elected a member of the Board of Education 
of Newark in. 1888 and was re-elected with an increased 
majority in 1S90. He distinguished himself in his official 
position by calm, sound judgment, impartial treatment of 
all questions, obliging behavior towards every one, and by 
the prompt execution of the wishes of his constituents. 
In 1893 Mayor Haynes appointed him a member of the 
Newark Board of Health and the Common Council con- 
curred in the nomination unanimously. He was again 
called upon by his party in 1896 to the trusteeship of the 
Newark City Home, an institution for the reformation of 
wayward children, which office he held for seven years. 
Mr. Breunig is a leading member of the Diogenes Lodge, 
No. 22, F. and A. M. ; Americus Lodge, No. 1082, K. and 
L. of H., and many political and social organizations. He 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 5,791 over 
Mayfield, the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 
21 



322 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JOHN JOSEPH BAADER. 
(Dem., Newark.) 
Mr. Baader was born in Newark, N. J., December 21st, 
18(32, and is in the paint, oil and harware business and bot- 
tle supplies. He i sa member of the firm of Haussling & 
Baader. He was elected trustee of the Newark City 
Home and served from April, 1900, to 1906, each term two 
years, and nine months additional. Mr. Baader was elect- 
ed to the Assembly by a plurality of 5,920 over Mayfield, 
the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 

JOHN CHARLES GROEL. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Groel was born in Newark, March 11th, 1868, and is 
in the real estate and insurance business, which he has 
carried on for fifteen years. After leaving school he 
worked in New York City in the importing- and Custom 
House business, which he continued for six years. He 
was Treasurer and Tax Collector of the Borough of Vails- 
burgh, Essex county, from 1903 to January 1, 1905, when 
the borough was annexted to the Sixth Ward of Newark. 
The former collectorship was held by George Aschenback 
and later by his son since the creation of the borough. 
Mr. Groel defeated Mr. Aschenback by a majority of 69. 
He is the pioneer real estate dealer in the Vailsburgh 
section of Newark. He is chairman of the Finance Com- 
mittee of the Democratic League of Newark; treasurer of 
the Democratic Club, Eleventh District, Sixth Ward; a 
member of he Democratic County Committee, of the Jef- 
fersonian Club, Gottfried Krueger Association, Vailsburgh 
Improvement Association; is treasurer of the Suburban 
Real Estate Association; treasurer and organizer of 
Salaam Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine: a member of Kane Lodge, No. 55, F. and 
A. M. : Union Chapter, No. 5, Royal Arch Masons; Kane 
Council, No. 2, Royal and Select Masons; Damascus Com- 
mandery, No. o, Knights Templars, and A^'ailsburgh Coun- 
cil, No. 258, Jr. O. U. A. M. Mr. Groel was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 5,903 over Mayfield, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

THOMAS J. MEAD. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr, Mead was born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 19th, 1845, 
and is secretary of the Essex Trades Council and New 
Jersey State Federation of Labor, which latter position he 



BIOGRAPHIES. 323 

has filled for sixteen terms. He is a member of the United 
Hatters of North America and of the American Federa- 
tion of Musicians. He is also a member of tne G. A. R. 
Ho was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 5,856 
over Mayfield, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket. 

EDGAR E. LETHBRIDGE. 
(Dcm., Orange.) 

Mr. Lethbridge was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., February 
18th, 1866, and is in the marine insurance business. He 
was a. School Commissioner for one term of the city of 
Orange and was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
5,889 over Mayfield, the highest candidate on the Republi- 
can ticket. 

JOHN WILLIAM LANE. 
(Dem., East Orange.) 

Mr, Ijane was born at Weymoth, Mass., October 5th, 
1860, and is a commercial salesman. He was formerly em- 
ployed in the office of the Register of Deeds^ Hudson 
county. This is the first time he has held public office. 
In 1864 he became a resident of Hudson City, now Jersey 
City Heights. He was educated in the public schools of 
Jersey City. In 1S78 he entered the office of Jeremiah B, 
Cleveland, then Register of Deeds for Hudson county. 
He became traveling representative for Carter, Kice & 
Co., paper manufacturers, of Boston, Mass., in 18S2. Since 
1889 he has represented, as salesman, D. S. Walton & Co., 
of New York City, the largest manufacturers and jobbers 
of manila paper in the United States. He has been a resi- 
dent of Essex county, N. J., for thirteen years, residing 
most of that time in the city of East Orange. He is a 
member of the Essex County Democratic Committee and 
vice president of the East Orange Democratic City Com- 
mittee. Mainly through his efforts the Democratic Club 
of East Orange was organized. Mr. Lane is exalted ruler 
of East Orange Lodge, No. 630, Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. He tjikes an active part In the advance- 
ment of this order, and he is a member of many other po- 
litical and social organizations. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 5,979 over Mayfield, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

DANIi=]L JAMES BRADY. 
(Dem., Bloomfield.) 
Mr. Brady was born in New Brunswick, N. J., Septem- 
ber 4th, 1S57, and is a hatter by trade. He is a member 
and a national director of the United Hatters of North 



324 BIOGRAPHIES. 

America, and also of the Royal Arcanum, and a past 
regent and member of the Grand Council of the State of 
New Jersey, and a member of the Board of Trade of 
Bloom Held, N. J. He was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 5,838 over Mayfield, the highest candidate on 
the Republican ticket. 

HARRY F. BACKUS. 
(Dem., Caldwell.) 

Mr. Backus was born at Caldwell, N. J., December 15th, 
1864, and is in the wholesale milk and creamery business, 
which he established in 1884. He is vice president Of the 
Dairy Trade Association of Newark, N. J. He is a mem- 
ber of Caldwell Lodge, No. 59, F. and A. M. He is chair- 
man of the West Caldwell Borough Council, a position he 
has occupied since the borough was formed; is a charter 
member and director of the Caldwell Building and Loan 
Association and a director in the Caldwell National Bank. 
Mr. Backus was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
5,764 over Mayfield, the highest candidate on the Republi- 
can ticket. 

THF TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats. Republicans. 

Wright, Jr 32,760 Pennington 26,536 

Corish 32,631 Allcock 26.504 

Hahn 32,612 Dalrymple 26,522 

Breunig 32,600 Kaiser 26,336 

Baader 32,729 Esley, Jr 26,453 

Groel 32,712 Hosp 26,.5{)S 

Mead 32,665 Taylor 26,503 

Lethbridge 32,698 Bowden 26,447 

Lane 32,78.8 Schleich 26,337 

Brady 32,647 Kissam 26,695 

Backus 32,573 Mayfield 26,800 

t-^ocialist— Anderson, 1,605; V/ilson, 1,610; F. H. S. Grom, 
1,601; Laffey, 1.608; J. B. Grom, 1,607; Klein, 1,605; Rubirow, 
1,610; Green, 1,610; O'Brien, 1,609; Goetz, 1,611; Schmidt, 
1,306. 

Prohibition— Armstrong, 178; Raub, 178; Carey, 175; We- 
den, 177; Whcaton, 177; Suell, 175; Pollett, 175; Barnes, 176; 
Weigand, 176: Milliken, 173; Dale, 171. 

Social-Labor— Kuego, 325; Belzner, 329; Balch, 328; Sku- 
ria, 329; Bukwich, 327; Simonovich, 329; Leske, 331; Preuss, 
330; Desch, 330; Thompson, 329; Liddiard, 328. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 325 

Independent Citizens— Man, 9,568; Chrisman, 9,683; In- 
gersoll, 9,795; Yardley, Jr., 0,815; Burning, 9,809; Dawson, 
9,905; Mundy, 9,893; Bannister, 9,887; Munroe, 9,758; Condit, 
9,592; Benjamin, 9,327. 



Gloucester County. 

WIT^LIAM C. CATTELL. 
(Rep., Wenonah.) 

Mr. Cattell was born in Deptford township (Wenonah), 
Gloucester county, N. J., October 14, 1867, and is a surveyor 
and engineer and was formerly a farmer. He was As- 
sessor of Deptford township from March, 1890, to March, 
1903; is borougli engineer of Wenonah and engineer of 
Mantua and Monroe townships. He served as county 
engineer in the construction of several state and county 
roads. He is a merriber of the Masonic fraternity, Odd 
Fellows, Jr. O. U. A. M., Heptasophs, K. G. E., and 
Patrons of Husbandry. His grandfather, William W. 
Clark, was an Assemblyman in 1836-67 and he is a kins- 
man of the late United States Senator Alexander G. Cat- 
telJ. Mr. Cattell was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 1,101 over Brown, the Democratic candidate. 
Last year he served on the Committees on Agriculture, 
Towns and Townships, and Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women. 

1906— Cattell, Rcd., 3,470; Brown, Dem., 2,369; Morgan, 
Pro., 182. Cattell's plurality, 1,101. 



Hudson County. 

MARK A. SULLIVAN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Sullivan was born in Jersey City, November 2.3d, 
1878, and is a lawyer by profession. This is the first time 
lie has held public office. He was educated at St. Peter's 
Parochial School, Jersey City, and graduated from St. 
Peter's College, Jersey City, in the class of 1897 with the 
degree of A. B., and received the degree of A. M. in 1898 
from the same institution. He was admitted to the bar of 
New Jersey at the February term, 1903. Mr. Sullivan was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 18,063 over Lamb, 
the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 



326 BIOGHAPHIES. 

CHARLES P. OLWELL. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. dwell was born in Jersey City, March 17, 1880, and 
is a clerk. He was born in what is known as the "Horse- 
shoe" district and has lived Ihere all his life. He attended 
St. Mary's Catholic Institute and St. Peter's College, Jer- 
sey City. He is a member of several dramatic societies 
and St. Peter's Alumni: Conception Council, K. of C. ; 
United Irish League, and is president of Division No. 1 
of Hudson County A. O. H. He was elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 18,093 over Lamb, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. This is the first time 
he has held public office. 

JOSEPH P. TUMULTY. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Tumulty was born in Jersey City, May 5th, 1879, and 
is a son of ex-Assemblyman Philip Tumulty, who served 
in the Legislature of 1887-1888. He attended St. Bridget's 
Parochial School in Jersey City, and subsequently en- 
tered St. Peter's College, conducted by the Jesuits of Jer- 
sey City, from which institution he was graduated in the 
class of 1899, receiving the decree of Bachelor of Arts. He 
studied law in the offices of Messrs. Bedle, McGee & Bedle 
and John J. Mulvaney, County Attorney, of Jersey City, 
and was admitted to the bar of this State at the Novem- 
ber term, 1902. In 1904 he entered into partnership with 
George E. Cutley, with whom he is now practicing his 
profession under the name of Tumulty & Cutley, with 
ofllces in the Lincoln Trust Building, Jersey City. He is 
connected with many political and social organizations, 
chief among which are Knights of Columbus and St. Pet- 
er's Alumni Association. He was elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 18,1G4 over Lamb, the highest candidate 
on the Republican ticket. 

JAMES BAKER. 
(.Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Baker was born in Jersey City, N. J., December 2d, 
1872. This is the first time he has held public office. He 
was educated in the public schools and St. Peter's College, 
Jersey City. He began life as a bricklayer, and left that 
trade and accepted a position in the tax department of 
Jersey City. He resigned that position five years ago and 



BIOGRAPHIES. 327 

became confidential clerk to Register of Deeds James C. 
Clarke, of Hudson county. For ten years he has taken an 
active interest in politics and has quite a reputation as a 
campaign speaker. He was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 18,459 over Lamb, the highest candidate on the 
Republican ticket. He was the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. 

CHARLES E. HENDRICKSON, JR., 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Hendrickson was born in Mount Holly, Burlington 
county, N. J., December 21st, 1872. He is the oldest son of 
Charles E. Hendrickson, one of the present Justices of the 
Supreme Court, and Sarah Wood Noxon, of Monmouth 
county. On November 7th, 1900, he married Janet D. 
Estes, of Memphis, Tenn. He has one son, Charles E. 
Hendrickson, III. Mr. Hendrickson graduated from 
Princeton University with the degree of A.B. in 1895, and 
from the University of Pennsylvania with the degree of 
L.L.B. in 1898. At Princeton he was a Clio man. 

Mr. Hendrickson is a lawyer. He was admitted to the 
bar of New Jersey as an attorney in 1898 and as a coun- 
selor in 1901. He is a Supreme Court Commissioner and a 
Special Master in Chancery. He has resided in Jersey City 
for the past eight years. He is a member of "Die Wilde 
Gans" Club. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 17,962 
over Lamb, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket. 

CHARLES HENRY BLOHM. 
(Dem,, Jersey City.) 

Mr. Blohm was born in Hoboken, N. J., July 20th, 1874, 
and is a lawyer by profession. He moved to Jersey City 
in 1878. There he was reared and educated. He attended 
the Jersey City public schools and graduated in June, 1888. 
He was also graduated from the Jersey City Business 
College in 1893, and from the New York Law School with 
the degree of LL. B. June 1st, 1896. For four years he had 
studied law with Gaede & Minturn, of Hoboken. He was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar as attorney and Solicitor 
in Chancery. June 8, 1896. On June 12th, 1899, he was ad- 
mitted to practice as a counselor-at-law. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 18,158 over Lamb, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 



328 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JOSEPH A. RIORDAN. 
(Dexn., Harrison.) 

Mr. Riordan was born in New York City, March 10, 1867, 
and is in the real estate, fire insurance and steamship 
ticket business, besides being a draft agent. He carne 
from New York to Plarrison when but two years of age, 
where he has since resided. He was educated at the 
parochial school in Harrison, and attended the Christian 
Brothei'S School at Newark. He was graduated from the 
New Jersey Business College in December, 1884, and then 
took a course of special studies under a private tutor. 
Mr. Riordan was elected a Justice of the Peace in April, 
1888, and in 1904 was elected a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Chosen Freeholders, and was re-elected 
for three consecutive terms without opposition — two years 
to a term. He has been in active politics for twelve years 
and in 1904 he was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 2,011. In the following year he sought a re-election, but 
was defeated with the rest of the ticket. In 1906 he was 
again a candidate, when he was elected by a plurality of 
18,118 over Lamb, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket. 

Mr. Riordan has done considerable for the development 
of Harrison and Kearny. For nineteen years he has been 
secretary and director of the People's Building and Loan 
Association, the largest association of its kind in the 
State, the present worth of the association being about 
$1,000,000 and the annual receipts over $400,000. He is also 
first vice president and director of the West Hudson 
County Trust Company; treasurer of Assumption Council, 
No. 42, C. B. L.: member of the Knights of Columbus, 
Newark Council; B. P. O. Elks, 211, Jersey City; Modern 
Woodmen; Robert Davis Association, Jersey City; West 
Hudson County Board of Trade; Newark Board of Trade; 
Third Ward Firemen, iionorary member, and Board of 
Real Estate Brokers, Hudson County. 

ARCHIBALD STEVENS ALEXANDER. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Alexander was born in Hoboken, N. J., August 22d, 
1880, and is a lawyer by profession, being a member of the 
firm of Besson, Alexander and Stevens, of 1 Newark 
street, Hoboken. His great grandfather. Colonel John C. 
Stevens, was State Treasurer of New Jersey during the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 329 

Revolution, his great-great-grandfather, John Stevens, 
was President of Council of East Jersey in 1783, and his 
great uncle, William Alexander, was the Democratic can- 
didate for Governor in 1856. Mr. Alexander was educated 
at St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., and was graduated 
from Princeton University in the class of 1902, and from 
the New York Law School, class of 1904. He was a mem- 
ber of the Assembly in 1905 and was defeated for re-elec- 
tion by a plurality of 988 by Scott, tne lowest candidate on 
the Republican ticket. In 1906 Mr. Alexander was elected 
by a pluralit3^ of 18,354 over Lamb, the highest candidate 
on the Republican ticket. 

PHILIP DAAB. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Daab was born in New York City, May 26, 1865. He 
came to Hoboken when but two years of age, and has 
resided there ever since. He is the publisher of the Ho- 
boken Inquirer, a Democratic paper of the county of Hud- 
son. For a number of years he was in the contracting 
business. He is also largely interested in the national 
sport of baseball. 

He was educated at Martha Institute and the public 
schools of Hoboken. This is the first time he has been 
elected to public office. 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Education 
on January 1, 190G. He is a member of the Board of School 
Estimate, Board of Trade, and also a member of every 
important club, society and lodge in the city of Hoboken. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 18,315 
over Ivamb, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket. 

OSCAR L. AUF DER HEIDE. 
(.Dem., Weehawken Station 3.) 

Mr. Auf der Heide was born in New York City, Decem- 
ber 8th, 1874, and is in the real estate and insurance busi- 
ness. He came to West New York when fifteen years old. 
He served as Councilman for two terms, and later was 
chosen a member of the Board of Education, of which 
body he served as President. He entered commercial life 
with the firm of Park & Tilford, and later became man- 
ager of the cigar department in the Hotel Waldorf As- 
toria. For a time he conducted several stores on Broad- 
way, and afterward went into the real estate business. 
He is a member of Mystic Tie Lodge, No. 123, F. and A. 



330 BIOGRAPHIES. 

M. ; Cyrus Chapter, K. A. M. ; Pilgrim Commandery, No. 
16, K. T.; Mecca Temple, A. A. O. N. of the Mystic Shrine 
Court, West New York; Foresters of America; Hudson 
County Democratic Committee, and many political and so- 
cial organizations. Mr. Auf der Heide was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 18,011 over Lamb, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

ALBFJRT C. EPPINGER. 
(Dein., Town of Union.) 

Mr. Eppinger was born in the Town of Union, N. J., 
May 16, 1866, and is proprietor of a bottling establisnment. 
He is a director of the Town of Union Building and Loan 
Association and also of the Weehawken Trust Company. 
He was Commissioner of Appeals for the term of one 
year, and In 1903 was elected a member of the Board of 
Education for a term of three years and was re-elected 
in 1906. He was chairman of the Board of Education and 
of the Board of Free Public Library Commissioners in 
1905. He has always been active in the interests of the 
Democratic party and was rewarded by his election to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 18,018 over Lamb, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

VALENTINE HOLZAPFEL. 
(Dem., Bayonne.) 

Mr. Holzapfel was born in Germany, December 23d, 1853, 
and is a master painter and decorator. He is one of the 
best known and most popular German-American citizens 
of Hiidson county. He was brought by his parents to this 
country when but one year old. The family settled in 
Mt. Vernon, N. Y. In 1863 he moved to Union Hill, where 
he attended the public schools. Later ho took residence 
in the Greenville section of .Tersey City. In 1879 he estab- 
lished his home and business, that of master painter and 
decorator, in Bayonne. He is a prosperous business man 
and from the Bergen county line to the Kill von Kull he 
has friends and patrons by the thousands. He has always 
been a staunch Democrat. Mr. Holzapfel was for twelve 
years consecutively a member of the Board of Commis- 
sioners of Appeals in Bayonne, and seven years chairman 
of that body, and was also for two years a Commissioner 
of Assessments. He was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 17,926 over Lamb, the highest candidate on 
the Republican ticket. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 331 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats. Republicans. 

Hendrickson 40,720 Scott 22,47(3 

Olwell 40,851 Lamb 22,758 

Sullivan 40,821 Wooley 22,402 

Alexander 41,112 O'SuUivan 22,050 

Blohm 40,91tD Keller 22,561 

Tumulty 40,922 Overend 22,688 

Daab 41,073 Smith 22,650 

Baker 41,217 Haberman 22,611 

Riordan 40,876 Dippel 22,371 

Holzapfel 40,686 Reeves 22,730 

Auf der Heide 40,760 Minningham 22,707 

Eppinger 40,776 Kelly 22,£12 

Social-Labor— Schrafft, 598; Hossack, 598; Schoenleber. 

591; Fortmann, 588; Gerold, 586; Jacobs, 585; Morhart, 58.'; 

Schaber, 588; Hoops, 589; Thuemmal, 589; Mangone, 5^7; 

Guenther, 581. 
Socialist— Meconakin, 2,203; Kronenberg, 2,191; Kraff', 

2,216; Ufert, 2,22U; Reynolds, 2,206: Cull, 2,214; Garrett, 2,221; 

Mead, 2,217; Neuman, 2,212; Dickson, 2,218; Peterson, 2,228; 

Kiehn, 2,217. 
Labor— Sasse. 2,178; Walters, 1,932; Anthony, 1,947; Me- 

Inery, 1,949; Weber, 1,923; Bramley, 1,960; Murray, 1,947; 

Kavanagh, 1,966; Flynn, 1,927. 
Prohibition— Black, 239; Banning, 235; Hooper, 237; Har- 

ker, 237; Sillcox, 236; Wilson, 237; Young, 237; Beneker, 236; 

Yale, 232; Taylor, 240; Darcy, 235; McCrack, 234. 



Hunterdon County. 

OLIVER C. HOLCOMBE. 
(Dem., Lambertville.) 

Mr. Holcombe was born on a farm at West Amwell 
township, Hunterdon county, N. J., December 8, 1864, and 
is a dealer in pianos, organs and musical merchandise. 
He received a common school education and at the age of 
twenty-one took full charge of his father's farm and run 
it successfully five years, thence moving to Lambertville, 
where he associated himself with the Lambertville Rub- 
ber Company. Later he embarked in business for himself, 
opening a piano and organ store in Lambertville, in which 
he has been very successful. Mr. Holcombe was Mayor 



332 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of L,ambertville from January 1st, 1904, to January 1st, 
1906. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
1,031 over Able, the Republican candidate. Last year he 
served on the Committees on Appropriations, Miscellan- 
eous Business, Rules, State Home for Girls and Public 
Grounds and Buildings. 

1906— Holcombe, Dem., 3,918; Able, Rep., 2,887; Hocken- 
bury, Pro., 140. 



Mercer County. 

ALFRED N. BARBER. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Barber was born in Lambertville, N. J., May 19, 
1867, and is employed in the sales department of John A. 
Roeblings' Sons Co. He was formerly contracting agent 
for the New Jersey Steel and Iron Company. He worked 
In the City Clerk's office from April, 1880, to July, 1884, 
and never held any other public office before his election 
to the Assembly. He was re-elected for a third term 
by a plurality of 2.878 over Neidt, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. Last year he was chairman of 
the Committees on Appropriations, Clergy and Federal 
Relations and a member of the Committees on Judiciary, 
Passed BjIIs, and Staffs Hospitals. 

WILLIAM F. BURK. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Burk was born at Groveville, N. J., August 11th, 
1860, and is Street Commissioner of the City of Trenton. 
He was an instructor in the manufacturing of brushes in 
the State Prison, a position he occupied for eigliteen years. 
He was connected with the Trenton Lock and Hardware 
Company for ten year?. He is a member of Mercer Lodge 
No. 50, F. and A. M., and is an earnest worker in the 
Masonic fraternity, being the district deputy for the third 
Masonic district, comprising the counties of Mercer, Hun- 
terdon, Middlesex and Burlington, for the tenth consecu- 
tive year. 

He first entered active political life in 1902, when he was 
elected to represertt the Tenth ward of Trenton in the 
City Council by a majority of 111. So well did he repre- 
sent his constituents that two years afterward he was re- 
elected by a majority of 393, the largest ever given a can- 
didate in that ward. He was re-elected to the Assembly 



BIOGRAPHIES. 333 

by a plurality of 2,934 over Neidt the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Municipal Corporations, Stationery, and 
State Prison. 

HENRY D. THOMPSON. 
(Rep., Princeton.) 

Dr. Thompson was born in Metuchen, N. J., August 24th, 
3864, was educated at Princeton, and has been an instruc- 
tor at Princeton since 1888. He is the son of the Rev. Dr. 
John B. Thompson, who was so prominent in educational 
matters in Trenton and this State forty years ago. While 
Mr. Thompson has never before held an elective office, he 
comes of a family which served the State during most of 
the last century. His grandfather, Joseph Thompson, 
was Judge of the Hunterdon County Court 1836-51, and of 
the Somerset County Court 1851-64; his great-grandfather, 
John Thompson, being justice of the peace and Judge of 
the Hunterdon County Court for more than thirty years. 
His maternal grandfather, great-grandfather, and grand- 
uncle filled at various times the office of Member af Coun- 
cil (before the institution of the State Senate), Member 
of Assembly, and State Senator from Salem county. 

Dr. Thompson was re-elected to the Assembly by a plur- 
ality of 2.879 over Neidt^ the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Education, Riparian Rights, and State Library. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Barber 10,7(;3 Yctter 7.790 

Burk 10.825 Bruther 7,809 

Thompson 10,770 Neidt 7,891 

Socialist— Cochran, 802; Brian, 802; Martin, 802. 
Prohibition— Brown, 244: Muirhead, 245; Higgins, 240. 



Middlesex County. 

FRANK CROWTHER. 
(Rep., Perth Amboy.) 
Mr. Crowther was born in Liverpool, England, July 10th, 
1870, and is a dentist. He was graduated at Harvard Uni- 
versity Dental School in 1808. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 821 over Ramsey, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served 
on the Committees on Banks and Insurance, Boroug^h and 
Borough Commissions and Treasurer's Accounts. 



334 BIOGRAPHIES. 

WILLIAM RUNYON DRAKE. 
(Rep., Stelton.) 

Mr. Drake was born in Piscataway township, Middle- 
sex county, N. J., October 22d, 1872, and is a traveling 
salesman for Allen Ditch'ett Company, groceries, 30c3 
Greenwicli street, New York city. He is a son of Calvin 
Drake, a veteran of the Civil War. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools and Rutgers Preparatory 
School, New Brunswick. Mr. Drake is a member of 
Union Lodge No. 19, F. and A. M. ; Jr. O. U. A. M., P. O. 
S. of A., Royal Arcanum, Loyal Association, and Wood- 
men of the World. He was clerk of Raritan township, 
Middlesex county, from 1898 to 1901. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 824 over Ramsey, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he 
served on the Comittees on Commerce and Navigation, 
Miscellaneous Business and New Jersey Reformatory. 

EDWARD EVERETT HAINES. 
(Rep., South Amboy.) 

Dr. Haines was born at Vincentown, Burlington county, 
N. J., April 30th, 1859, and is a physician by profession. 
He has been in active practice in South Amboy for fifteen 
years, and during that period has been surgeon for the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company. He served one term as 
president of the Middlesex County Medical Society. Pre- 
vious to studying medicine he was a school teacher for 
six years. The doctor was Coroner for Middlesex county 
for two terms. 1897—1900; 1903—1908. He was President of 
Council of South Amboy from 1900 to 1905, has been a 
member of the School Board and President of the Board 
of Health. The doetoi' was re-elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 8G4 ov<^r Ramsey, the highest candidate 
on the DGmocratic ticket. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Election?, and Public Health. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Drake 8,729 Ramsey 7,905 

Crowther 8.726 Kerr 7,797 

Haines 8,769 Hagerty 7.700 

Prohibition— Goodwin, 205; Manning, 197; Carnell, 195. 
Socialist— C. B. Pederson, 45; H. C. Pederson, 47; Rippen, 
!>2. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 335 

Monmoutli County. 

THEODORE NELSON LILLAGORE. 
(Rep. Ocean Grove.) 

Mr. Lillagore was born in Philadelphia, Pa., June 16, 
1868, and is an attorney-at-law. He was prepared for 
college at Pennington Seminary, from, which he was grad- 
uated in 18S6; entered Yale University and received degree 
of B. A. in 1891: received degree of L. B. from University 
of Pennsylvania in 1898; was admitted to the bar of 
Pennsylvania in same year and practiced in Philadelphia 
for two years, after which he came to Ocean Grove and 
was admitted to the bar of New Jersey in 1900. Mr. Lilla- 
gore is a member of Asbury Lodge, 142, F. & A. M. ; 
Standard Chapter, 35, R. A. M. ; Corson Commandery, 15, 
K. T. and Salaam Temple of the Mystic Shrine, He was 
elected to the Township Committee of Neptune Township 
in May. 19G3, and his ternx expired December 31, 1906. 
During: that time he was a member of the Board of 
Health and served as chairman for one year. He was 
Treasurer of the Township for one year, and also served 
as chairm.an. He was elected to the Assembly by a plur- 
ality of 248 over Beecroft, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. 

ISAAC- BUCKALEW DAVISON. 
(Rep. Englishtown.) 

Mr. Davison was born in Monroe Township, Middlesex 
county. N. J., January 15, 1841, is a Supervisor of Stone 
Roads, and was formerly a farmer. He was elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 131 over Beecroft, the high- 
est candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

FRANK J. MANSON. 
(Rep. Red Bank.) 

Mr. Manson was born at Red Bank, N. J., April 30th, 
186S, and is in the monumental and building stone busi- 
ness. He was elected to the Assembly by a pluralitj' of 
181 over Beecroft, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Lillagore 8,601 Tantum 8,197 

Davison 8,484 Beecroft 8,353 

Manson 8,534 Keough 8,255 

Prohibition— J. Moore, 219; Shear, 215; H. Moore, 209. 
Socialist— Bennett, 56; Partens, 57; Wolcott, 57. 



336 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Morris Countv. 

RICHARD JOHN CHAPLIN. 
(Rep., Mt. Arlington.) 

Mr. Chaplin was born in England in 1852 and is a livery- 
man, under the firm name of R. Chaplin & Sons. He was 
President of the Board of Education for eight years, is 
the present Mayor of Mt. Arlington and Chairman of the 
Board of Health, having occupied the latter position for 
sixteen years. He is largely engaged in the livery busi- 
ness, having first-class equipment of fifty horses and car- 
riages. He began the business twenty-two years ago. 
He is also a real estate agent and auctioneer, and is active 
in the development of real estate around Lake Hopatcong; 
a.nd besides, he is in the horseshoeing and hay and grain 
business. Mr. Chaplin was re-elected to the Legislature 
by a plurality of 853 over Bartley, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Corporations, 
Federal Relations and State Hospitals. 

HENRY WRIGHT BUXTON. 

(Rep., Morristown.) 

Mr. Buxton was born in Jersey City, N. J., December 
14th, 1871, and 's a merchant. He was formerly a real 
estate broker. He was graduated from Dwight School, 
New York citj^, in the class of 1890, and Princeton Univer- 
sity, class of 1894. He is a member of the firm of Swain 
& Buxton, 45 Clinton street, Newark. Mr. Buxton is "Vice- 
President and General Manager of the New York Loktile 
and Construction Co., 1 Madison avenue. New York city. 
Both firms conduct a general tiling business. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 1,122 over Bar;^- 
ley, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Chaplin 5,906 Bartley 5,0-53 

Buxton 6,175 Brant 4,843 

Prohibition—Quimby, 302; Loree, 300. 
Socialist— Paton, 326: Sharrette, 327. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 337 

Ocean County. 

SAMUEL SWIFT TAYLOR. 
(Rep., Lakewood.) 

Mr. Taylor was born in Bucks county, Pa., June 16th, 
1860, and is a contracting' plumber and heating- engineer. 
He was formerly a civil engineer. He came to New Jersey 
in 1884, and has been a resident of Lakewood since 1886. 
The only public offices he has held heretofore was that of 
Fire Commissioner and as a member of the County Board 
of Registry and Election for one year. He was elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 826 over Warren, of the 
People's Union party, which had Democratic endorse- 
ment. 

1906— Taylor. Rep., 2,271; Warren, P. U. P., 1,445; Bun- 
nell, Pro,, 56. Taylor's plurality, 826. 



Passaic County. 

ABRAM KLENERT. 
(Dem., Paterson.) 

Mr. Klenert was born in Paterson on February 16, 1869, 
and after graduating from the public schools he became 
a clerk in the office of A. P. Haldane, a real estate and 
insurance agent. Mr. Klenert was not content with con- 
fining himself to clerical duties. He became actively en- 
gaged in the business of buying and selling real estate on 
his own account, anl he was successful in his specula- 
tions. Ten years ago he gave up the real estate and in- 
surance business for the study of law. He entered the 
office of Eugene Emley, Prosecutor of the Pleas of Pas- 
saic county, and three years later, in 1899, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar. He has been successful in the law 
business, his practice being second to that of none of the 
young lawyers in Paterson. 

Mr. Klenert's first step in the political field was his can- 
didacj' last fall on the Democratic Assembly ticket. He 
led the ticket in the successful fight made by the Demo- 
cratic Assembly candidates. Mr. Klenert is prominent as 
a lodge man. He is grand vice chancellor of the Grand 
Lodge of New Jersey, Knights of Pythias, and a member 
of Paterson Lodge. Pie is also a member of Falls City 
Lodge, F, and A. M.; American Lodge, I. O. O. F. K. E. P. 

22 



S38 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Among the social clubs with which he is connected is the 
Progress Club, the leading Hebrew social club in Paterson. 
of which he is vice president. He is also a member of the 
Harmonic Coterie. He was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 1,249 over McLean, the highest candidate on 
the Republican ticket. 

FRANK A. PAWELSKI. 
(Dem., Paterson.) 

Mr. Pawelski is a native of Paterson, where he was born 
on April 3, 1872. After graduating from Latimer's Business 
College and taking a commercial course in Manhattan 
College, New York, he began his business career as book- 
keeper for his father, a carriage and wagon builder. After 
the death of his father, less than two years ago, Mr. 
Pawelski, who for several years had been a partner in the 
business, became the sole proprietor. He never aspired to 
political office until he became a candidate for a Demo- 
cratic Assembly nomination that resulted in his election. 
He has* been actively identified with the Democratic party 
in Paterson since he reached the voting age, and for six 
years he has been a member of the Democratic County 
Executive Committee of Passaic county, representing the 
Fourth Ward of Paterson. Hi.s ward is a Republican 
stronghold, but Mr. Pawelski kept up the fight for his 
party candidates when others with less vim and enthusi- 
asna became disheartened. He displayed the same energy 
in his recent canvass through the county. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 1,005 over McLean, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 

WILLIAM AUGUST MERZ. 
(Dem., Paterson.) 

Mr. Merz was born in Bietigheim, Germany, on Novem- 
ber 3d, 1866, while his parents, who were natives of Swit- 
zerland, were sojourning there. He lived in Basle, Swit- 
zerland, until he was 14 years of age, when he came with 
his widowed mother to this country, and settled in Pater- 
son. Young Merz found it necessary to earn a living for 
himself and his mother. He secured employment in a 
silk mill, and, being of an ambitious disposition, he aban- 
doned the loom to engage in business for himself. He 
started a newspaper and stationery store, but soon he saw 
the golden opportunity that real estate offered to a live 
man and, after being six years in the stationery business. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 339 

he sold out to devote his time to the real estate and in- 
surance business, in which he is still engaged. Mr. Merz 
was elected Justice of the Peace in the Sixth Ward of 
Paterson in 1900, and he was re-elected in 1905. This was 
the only office of a political character he ever held prior 
to his election as a member of the House of Assembly. 

Mr. Merz is prominently identified with nearly all the 
German and Swiss societies of Passaic county, and he 
has done much to promote their success. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 1,092 over McLean, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 

HENRY J. EARLE. 
(Dem., Passaic.) 
Mr. Earle was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., August 29th, 1855, 
and is a machinist. He was educated in the public schools 
of his native city. He has been in the service of the New 
York Belting and Packing Company for twenty-two years 
and is now the master mechanic of that corporation. He 
is an Excise Commissioner of the city of Passaic, of which 
body he ha.s been chairman for three years. Mr. Earle 
has been a member of the Passaic County Democratic 
Committee for twenty-two years. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 1,108 over McLean, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

JOHN D. VAN BLARCOM. 
(Dem., Hawthorne.) 
Mr. Blarcom was born at Hawthorne, N. J., May 19th, 
1872, and is an accountant. From 1887 to 1893 he was book- 
keeper for the Watson Machine Company, of ir'aterson, 
N. J., and from 1893 to 1902 he was with the Rogers Loco- 
motive Works of the same city for three years as book- 
keeper and cashier, and he also held the office of manager 
for the same company. He was Tax Assessor for the 
Borough of Hawthorne during the years 1904, '05 and '06. 
Mr. Van Blarcom was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 608 over McLean, the highest candidate on the 
Republican ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Democrats. Republicans. 

Klenert 14,582 Prince 12,699 

Pawelski 14,338 Hurley 12,727 

Merz 14,425 Radcliffe 12,937 

Earle 14,441 Wood 12,693 

Van Blarcom 13,941 McLean 13,33.3 



340 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Socialist— De Yonker, 677; Riedel, 697; Hubschmitt, 707; 
Ullman, 692; Weyse, 684. 

Social-Labor— Rietlier. Jr., o24; Butterworth, 332; Land- 
graff, 325; Rath. Jr., 331; Lessig, 327. 

Prohibition- Bell, 219; Wright, 224; Storms, 220; Winters. 
210; Nixon, 219. 



Salem County. 

SAMUEL A. RIDGWAY. 
(Rep., Woodstown.) 

Mr. Ridgway was born at Mullica Hill, N. J., May 20th, 
1848, and Is a farmer. He received his education in the 
common schools. He has devoted his life to farming and 
is one of the most successful farmers in South Jersey. 
His farm, where he resides, near Woodstown, N. J., is re- 
garded as a model in every respect. His ancestors were 
Quakers and he himself is a member of the Religious So- 
city of Friends. He is a prominent member of the New 
Jersey State Grange and personally is held in the highest 
regard in his neighborhood by his fellow citizens of all 
political parties. He was a member of the Township 
Committee of Bcrdentown, Burlington county, from 1884 
to '87, and from the spring of 1900 till the present time he 
has been a member of the Township Committee of Piles- 
grove, Salem county. Mr. Ridgway was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 756 over Pancoast, Democrat. 

1906— Ridgway, Rep., 2,849; Pancoast, Dem., 2,093; Hitch- 
ner, Pro.. 168. Ridgway' s plurality, 756. 



Somerset County. 

WILLIAM W. SMALLEY. 
(Rep., Bound Brook.) 

Mr. Smalley was born in Middlesex county, near Bound 
Brook, December 17th, 1850. He was educated at the New 
York University Grammar School and Eastman's Busi- 
ness College. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. He was a clerk in a 
New York City banking house for seven years, and for 
the past twenty-seven years he has been engaged in the 
lumber business and m.anufacturing at Bound Brook. 
Twice he was elected Councilman in the Borough of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 341 

Bound Brook. He was elected to the Assembly by a plur- 
ality of J, 138 over former Prosecutor William V. Steele. 
Democrat. 

1906— Smalley, Rep., 3,585; Steele, Dem., 2,447; Browp 
Pro., 101. Smalley's plurality, 1,138. 



Sussex County. 

LEVI H. MORRIS. 
(Dem., Newton.) 

Mr. Morris was bom on his father's farm in the town- 
ship of Hampton, near the town of Newton, N. J., on 
December 23d, 1870, and received his early education in 
the public school of his native township, the Newton Col- 
legiate Institute, State Model School of Trenton, and 
Eastman's Business College of Poughkeepsie, New York. 

He commenced reading law with Theodore Slmonson in 
1895 and waS' admitted to the New Jersey Bar, February 
term, 1899, 

After being admitted as an attorney he moved to the 
town of Newton, the county seat of Sussex, and began the 
practice of his profession. 

He served two terms as attorney of the Board of Free- 
holders and is now serving hid third term as attorney 
for the town of Newton, and is also attorney for a number 
of townships of his native county. This is the first elect- 
ive office he has held. He was the minority leader of his 
party in the House in 1906 and served on the Committees 
on Claims and Pension.?, Printed Bills, Passed Bills and 
State Prison. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality' of 486 over Becgle, Republican. 

1906— Morris, Dem., 2,462; Beegle, Rep., 1,976; Holly, Pro., 
87. Morris' plurality, 486. 



Union County. 

PETER TILLMAN. 
(Rep., Rahway.) 
Mr. Tillman was born in Raritan, Somerset county, in 
1860, and has always resided in New Jersey. He comes of 
good old sturdy Jersey stock. His parents were Augustus 
and Madalina (Hollander) Tillman. His father died in 
1897, but his mother is still living in the family homestead 
in Raritan. His paternal great-grandfather, Peter Till- 



342 BIOGRAPHIES. 

man, was the first gold and copper smelter in this coun- 
try, and built many of the first smelters erected here. 

For the past ten years Mr. Tillman has been General 
Superintendent and Manager of the New Jersey Portland 
Cement Company of Perth Amboy, which enterprise he 
assisted in organizing, and in which he is a stockholder 
and one of the Board of Directors. 

Previous to his removal to Rahway, in 1895, he resided 
in Jersey City Heights and was active in political and 
business circles there for a number of years. He was a 
member of the Union county Board or Freeholders for 
two years, and Chairman of the Rahway Board of Ex- 
cise for three years. He has been for four years past 
the President of the Republican Club, and has devoted 
much time and labor toward the success of the party in 
that city. Mr. Tillman is a member of the Masonic fra- 
tetrnity, also of the Royal Arcanum and other civic or- 
ganizations. He was re-elected to the Assembly for a 
third term by a plurality of 1,253 over Desmond, the high- 
est candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he 
served as chairman of the Committees on Towns and 
Townships, and New Jersey Reformatory, and as a mem- 
ber of the Committees on Corporations, Incidental Ex- 
penses, Bill Files, and Sanatorium for Tliberculous Dis- 
eases. 

RANDOLPH PERKINS. 

(Rep., Westfield.) 

Mr. Perkins was born at Dunellen. N. J., November 30th, 
1871, and is a lawyer by profession. He was elected Mayor 
of Westfield at the spring election, 1904, and served in 
that office until January 1, 1906. He was elected to the 
Assembly at a special election held on February 7th, 1905, 
to fill a vacancy caused by the death of George H. Em- 
bree, which occurred on December 2d, 1904. Mr. Perkins 
was sworn into office on February 14th. He served on the 
Committees on Agriculture, Printed Bills, and Sinking 
Fund. Mr. Perkins was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 3,530 over Stanford, the highest candidate on 
the Democratic ticket in 1905, and in 1906 he was re-elected 
for a third term by a. plurality of 1,180 over Desmond, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he 
was the majority leader on the floor of the House, when 
he served as chairman of the Committees on Judiciary, 
and Rules, and as a member of the Committees on Bill 
Revision and Passed Bills. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 343 

JOHN RUTHERFORD MOXON. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Moxon was born in Cleveland, Ohio, November 18, 
187(5, and is with the Grasselli Chemical Co. and has been 
since he left school. He was educated in and graduated 
from the Cleveland public schools. He served from April 
25th until October 20th, 1898, with A. Battery, Urst Ohio 
Volunteer Light Artillery, during the war with Spain. He 
never held cublic office hereofore. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 1,123 over Desmond, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Perkins 10,855 Desmond 9,675 

Moxon 10,798 Hague 9,654 

Tillman 10,928 Coulter 9,508 

Socialist— McClaren, 520; Hurley, 519; Zeitelhack, 515. 
Social-Labor— McGarry, 138; Scott, 133; Luthman, 137. 
Prohibition— Sayre, 99; Massett, 102; Reeve, 98. 



Warren County. 

JOSEPH H. FIRTH. 
(Dem., Phillipsburg.) 

Mr. Firth was born at Phillipsburg, N. J., February 22d, 
1859. He was f omaerly a f oundryman. He was elected a 
member of the Board of Freeholders in 1884 and served 
one term, when he moved out of his ward. In 1889 he was 
elected a member of Council and served eleven years, 
when he resigned and moved to Greenwich township. He 
was elected Township Committeeman the following year, 
served one term and then moved back to Phillipsburg. 
In 1904 he was elected Mayor of Phillipsburg for a term 
of two years, and he was re-elected in 1906. He was re- 
elected, also, to the Assembly by a plurality of 342. Last 
year he served on the Committees on Labor and Indus- 
tries, Unfinished Business, Soldiers' Home, and Treasurer 
Accounts. 

1906— Firth, Dem., 3,774; Perdoe, Rep., 3,432; Lawrence, 
Socialist, 145; Raub, Pro., 94. Firth's plurality, 342. 

Summary. 

House— Democrats '. . 31 Republicans 29=60 

Senate— Democrats 6 Republicans 15=21 

37 44=81 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 7. 



344 BIOGRAPHIES. 



THE JUDICIARY. 



United States District Court. 
WM. M. LANNING, Trenton. 

Judge Lanning was born on a farm In Ewing township, 
Mercer county, N. J., January 1, 1849. His ancestors were 
among the earliest settlers in New Jersey, the family hav- 
ing resided within the territory now embraced in Mercer 
county since 1698. 

He was given a liberal education, graduating from the 
Lawrenceville High School in 1866. For six years subse- 
quent to his graduation he taught in the district schools of 
Mercer county and from 1872 to 1878 he was engaged as a 
teacher in the old Trenton Academy; from 1878 to 1880 he 
was principal of the public school at East Trenton. 

It was while acting as a justice of the peace in Ewing 
township that he acquired a taste for the law. He was 
elected as justice of the peace in 1876 and studied hard to 
fit himself for the place. From this study he decided to 
make law his life's work, and during the last four years of 
his position as a teacher he was also engaged in the study 
of the law with the late George A. Anderson and General 
Edward L. Campbell as his preceptors. He was admitted 
to the bar in November, 1880. 

Mr. Lanning at once opened an office in Trenton and his 
ability was soon recognized. In 1883 he was admitted as a 
counselor at law, and the following year he was made 
City Solicitor of Trenton. He served in that capacity until 
1887, when he was made Judge of the City District Court, 
a position he occupied until 1891, when, with other District 
Court judges, he was legislated out of office. 

With Judge Vroom, Judge Lanning in 1887 compiled the 
"Supplement to the Revision' of the General Statutes of 
New Jersey. In 1894 they were authorized by legislative 
enactment to compile and publish an up-to-date set of 
the General Statutes. 

In 1885 Judge Lanning published a standard work entitled 
"Help for Township Officers," which has run into a second 
edition. He was a member of the Special Commission that 
framed the present comprehensive township laws. Judge 
Lanning was a member of the Constitutional Commission 
of 1894 and has participated in many notable events of a 
legal character in the state. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 345 

He was a director and counsel for the Mechanics Na- 
aonal Bank and for several years was also counsel for the 
Trenton Banking- Company. He served for a time as Pres- 
ident of the Mechanics Bank, being succeeded by Edward 
C, Stokes (since Governor) in that position. 

Judge Lanning is a member of the Board of Managers of 
the Trenton Savings Fund Society, of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church 
in the United States of America, of the Board of Directors 
of the Princeton Theological Seminary, and of the Board 
of Trustees of the Lawrenceville School. 

He was elected to Congress in 1902 by a plurality of 2,006 
over Colonel Lewis Perrine, the Democratic candidate. 
After the first session of the Fifty-eighth Congress he 
resigned, in order to qualify for the judicial oflice he now 
holds as successor to Judge Kirkpatrick, who died May 
30th, 1904. He took the oath of office June 6th, 1904. His 
salary is $6,000 a year, and the office has a life tenure. 

JOSEPH CROSS, Elizabeth. 

Judge Cross was born near Morristown, N. J., Decem- 
ber 29th. 1843. He graduated from Princeton University in 
the class of 1865. Immediately thereafter he began the 
study of law in the oflice of William J. Magie, now Chan- 
cellor of New Jersey. He also took a course of lectures 
at Columbia College Law School, and was admitted to 
practice as an attorney-at-law in June, 1868, and as 
a counselor in 1871. Upon his admission to the 
bar he was taken into partnership by his preceptor, 
under the firm name of Magie & Cross, which relation ex- 
isted until 1880, when Mr. Magie was appointed one of the 
Justices of the Supreme Court. Judge Cross has resided in 
Elizabeth since the spring of 1858, and has always been a 
staunch Republican. In 1888 he was appointed Judge of the 
District Court of the city of Elizabeth, but in common with 
all of the other Republican District Court Judges of the 
State, was legislated out of office in April, 1891. 

Judge Cross was elected a member of the Assembly from 
Union county in the fall of 1893. and again in 1894. When 
Speaker Holt resigned the chair. May 26th, 1894, Mr Cross 
was chosen his successor for the remainder of the session 
In 1895 he was re-elected Speaker by the unanimous vote of 
his Republican colleagues. In November, 1898 he was 
elected Senator, to fill the vacancy caused by the resigna- 
tion of Senator Voorhees. who had been nominated as the 
Republican candidate for Governor. 



346 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He was re-elected to the Senate for a full term in 1899 by 
a plurality of 2,471, being an increase of 491 over that of the 
previous year. He was again re-elected in 1902 by a plur- 
ality of 1,186 over James E. Martine, his Democratic oppo- 
nent. He served as President of the Senate during the 
session of 1905, and in April of that year he was appoint- 
ed by President Roosevelt a Judge of the United States 
District Court for New Jersey. His salary is $6,000 a year 
and the office has a life tenure. 



COURT OF CHANCERY. 

Chancellor. 

WILLIAM J. MAGIE, Elizabeth. 

(Term seven years, salary $11,000 per annum.) 

Chancellor Magie was born at Elizabeth, Union county, 
N. J., December 9th, 1832. His father, David Magie, was for 
nearly forty-five years pastor of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Elizabeth, and was also a native of the same 
town. He entered Princeton College in 1852 and graduated 
in 1855. He studied law with the late Francis B. Chetwood, 
of Elizabeth, was admitted as an attorney in 1856 and as a 
counselor in 1859. For six years he was associated in prac- 
tice with Mr. Chetwood, and after practicing alone for 
some time he formed another co-partnership with Mr. 
Joseph Cross. From 1866 to 1871 he was Prosecutor of the 
Pleas for Union county. He has been connected with the 
banks of Elizabeth, and has acted as counsel for several 
corporations. He was elected to the State Senate from 
Union county in 1875 for a term of three years, and in 1880 
he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court by Gov- 
ernor McClellan. He was re-appointed by Governor Green 
in 1887 and by Governor Werts in 1894. On March 1st, 1897, 
he was nominated by Governor Griggs as Chief Justice to 
succeed the late Mercer Beasley, and he was at once con- 
firmed by the Senate. He served in that office until May 2d, 
1900, when he was appointed by Governor Voorhees to fill 
the vacancy in the office of Chancellor caused by the death 
of Alexander T. McGill. On January 14, 1901, he was nomi- 
nated for a full term of office by Governor Voorhees, and 
the nomination was at once confirmed by the Senate. His 
term will expire January 14, 1908. In politics he Is a Re- 
publican. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 347 

Vice-Chancellors. 

(Term seven years, salary $10,000 a year.) 
HENRY C. PITNEY, Morristown. 
Vice-Chancellor Pitney, LL.D., was born at Mendham, 
Morris county, N. J., January 19tli, 1827. He was graduated 
from Princeton College in the class of '48, which has since 
conferred on him the honorary degree of LL.D. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in July, 1851, and as a 
counselor in November, 1854. He is regarded as one of the 
ablest constitutional lawyers in New Jersey. He was ap- 
pointed Vice-Chancellor for a term of seven years in the 
spring of 1889 and in 1896 he was re-appointed for another 
full term, and again in 1903. In politics he is a Republican. 
His term expires in 1910. 

JOHN R. EMERY. Newark. 
Vice-Chancellor Emery was born in Flemlngton, Hunter- 
don county, N. J., July 6th, 1842. He was graduated from 
Princeton College in 1861, and studied law under Bennet 
Van Syckel, since a Justice of the Supreme Court, and also 
under the late Vice-Chancellor Van Fleet. In 1865 he was 
admitted to the bar, when he formed a partnership with 
Mr. Van Fleet, which continued for one year. Then he 
went to Trenton, where he formed a j>artnership with the 
late Augustus G. Richey, which was continued until 1874. 
The next year he moved to Newark, where he opened a 
law office and soon built up an extensive practice. About 
twenty years ago Mr. Emery was made an Advisory 
Master. He has never held any political office. He was ap- 
pointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor McGill on January 
2&th, 1895, for a full term of seven years, to succeed the late 
Vice-Chancellor Van Fleet. He was re-appointed by Chan- 
cellor Magie in 1902. In politics he is a Republican. His 
term will expire in January, 1909. 

FREDERIC W. STEVENS, Newark. 

Vice-Chancellor Stevens was born in Hoboken, N. J., 
June 9th, 1846. He was graduated from Columbia Law 
College in 1865; was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney in November, 1868, and as a counselor three 
years later. He first came into public life in 1873, when he 
was appointed Judge of the Second District Court of New- 
ark. He remained in that position for two years. In 1839 
the Judge was appointed County Counsel of Essex county. 



348 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and filled that office for some years. Although he has not 
held any other public offices, Mr. Stevens has always been 
a prominent figure in some of the biggest legal fights ever 
made in the State and County Courts. One of those was 
the settlement of the back taxes of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna and Western Railroad Company. In that case he 
and Judge Dillon acted as arbitrators. He is a member 
of the Eoolesiastical Law Committee of the Protestant 
Episcopal Diocese of Newark, and, with Cortlandt Parker, 
revised all of the canons governing that body. He was 
appointed Vice-Chancellor in 1896, as a successor to John 
T. Bird. In 1903 he was appointed for another term. In 
politics he is a Democrat. His term will expire in 1910. 

EUGENE STEVENSON, Paterson. 
Vice-Chancellor Stevenson was born in Brooklyn, N. T., 
June 28, 1849. He moved to Paterson with his parents in 
1866, and has since resided there. He was graduated from 
the New York University as a Bachelor of Arts in the 
class of 1870, and was also graduated from the Law De- 
partment of the same institution. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law office of Socrates Tuttle, father-in-law of 
the late Vice-President Hobart, where he continued his 
studies. In June, 1874, Mr. Stevenson was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney-at-law, and three years later was 
made a counsellor. In 1881 he was appointed a Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Passaic county by Governor Ludlow. He 
served a full term of five years in that office. He did not 
seek a reappointment. Since that time he has never held 
a public office, although he has often been sought as a 
candidate for such. Prior to his elevation to the bench he 
enjoyed a very large practice in the higher courts of the 
State. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor on April 16, 1901, 
for a full term of seven years. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat. His term will expire in 1908. 

JAMES J. BERGEN. Somerville. 
Vice-Chancellor Bergen was bom in Somerville, N. J., 
October 1st, 1847. He attended school in the old Brick 
Academy and afterward graduated from Mr. Butler's 
Seminary, Somerville. He commenced reading law with 
H. M. Gaston in 1864, before he was seventeen years of 
age. He was admitted to the New Jersey bar in Novem- 
ber, 1868. He formed a copartnership with H. M. Gaston, 
January 1st, 1870, which lasted for twenty years and was 
then dissolved. 



BIOGRAPHIES. ^ 349 

After occupying many positions of honor and trust in 
his native town, Mr. Bergen was elected to the House of 
Assembly in 1875 and was re-elected in 1876. During his 
term of office he served on a joint committee which was 
appointed to consider the constitutionality of several pro- 
posed laws under the amended constitution of the state. 
He served as Prosecutor of the Pleas of Somerset county 
from 1877 to 1883. He was a member of the Board of 
Commissioners of Somerville for fifteen years and served 
as president of chat body. Many of the improvements of 
the town are directly traceable to him. Through his in- 
strumentality ordinances were passed regulating the fire 
and police departments, and he was one of the first to 
bring the matter of sewering the town to the attention 
of the governing body, and owing to his untiring energy 
Somerville now has a sewering system second to none 
in the state. 

Mr. Bergen was again elected to the House of Assembly 
in 1890 and was re-elected in 1891. He served as Speaker 
of the House in 1892 and 1893, when he discharged the 
duties of that office in a highly satisfactory manner. 

He was appointed a Vice-Chancellor in March, 1904, by 
Chancellor Magie for a term of seven years. His term 
will expire on March 14th, 1911. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat. 

LINDLEY M. GARRISON, Jersey City. 

Vice-Chancellor Garrison was born in Camden, N. J., 
November 28th, 1864, and is a son of Rev. Joseph F. Gar- 
rison, D.D., and Elizabeth V. Garrison. He is a brother 
of Supreme Court Justice Charles G. Garrison. He 
attended school at Exeter, N. H., spent one year in Har- 
vard College, read law with Redding, Jones and Carson, 
of Philadelphia, and Thomas E. French, of Camden, and 
finished his legal studies in the University of Penn- 
sylvania. He was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia in 
1886, and to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney at the 
June term, 1888, and as a counselor at the June term, 1892. 

He commenced practice in this state at Camden, N. J., 
in 1888. He moved from Camden to Jersey City in 1898, 
and became a member of the firm of Garrison, McManus 
and Enright. This partnership was dissolved when Mr. 
Garrison accepted the office of "Vice-Chancellor, tendered 
to him by Chancellor Magie, He took the oath of office 
on June 15th, 1904, for a term of seven years. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 



350 BIOGRAPHIES. 

EDMUND B. LEAMING, Camden. 

Vice-Chancellor Learning, who was born at Seaville, 
Cape May county, N. J., forty-eight years ago, is the son 
of ex-Senator and Dr. Jonathan F. Learning and a brother 
of Dr. Walter S. Learning, now deceased, who also served 
as Senator from Cape May. The Vice-Chancellor was, 
with his brother, educated under a private tutor, and sub- 
sequently as a post graduate in the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and thereafter studied law with the late Judge 
and former Congressman James Buchanan in Trenton. 
United States Judge William M. Lanning, Congressman 
Ira Wood, Prosecutor of the Pleas Eugene Emley, Alfred 
L. Black, Samuel W. Beldon and Samuel Waircer, Jr., 
were law students in Trenton at the same time and pre- 
pared for the bar with Vice-Chancellor LeamJng. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 1881, and 
as a counselor in February, 1884. From Trenton he went 
to Seattle, and then Lo San Fl-ancisco, where he practiced 
his profession for a brief period. Upon his return to New 
Jersey he formed a co-partnership with Samuel W. Bel- 
don. Upon Its dissolution by the appointment of Mr. Bel- 
don as general counsel of the Fidelity Trust Company, at 
Newark, N. J., he practiced by himself in Camden and 
until he was appointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Magie on September 21, 1906, to fill a vacancy caused by 
the death of Martin P. Grey. 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPKEME COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years. The salary of the Chief Jus- 
tice is $11,000 a year, and that of each Associate 
Justice, $10,000.) 

Chief Justice. 

WILLIAM S. GUMMERE, Newark. 

Chief Justice Gummere was born in Trenton, June 24th, 
1852, and is a son of the late Barker Gummere, who for 
many years was one of the acknowledged leaders of the 
bar of New Jersey. The Justice was educated at the old 
Trenton Academy and the Lawrenceville School, and was 
graduated from Princeton College in 1870. He studied law 
with his father, and upon being admitted to the bar he 
practiced for a time in the office of G. D. W. Vroom, when 



BIOGRAPHIES. 351 

that gentleman was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer 
county. Subsequently Mr. Gummere formed a co-partner- 
ship v/ith his uncle, the late ex-Governor Parker, in New- 
ark, and after that had been dissolved he was associated 
with Oscar Keen, of the same city. This continued until 
the late Edward T. Green was made Judge of the United 
States District Court, when Mr. Gummere succeeded him 
as counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, with 
offices in Trenton. On February 18th, 1895, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Werts as a Justice of the Supreme 
Court, to succeed the late Justice Abbett for a term of 
seven years, and he was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate on the day following. On January 28, 1901, he was 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to take effect on November 16, 1901, and he 
was confirmed on February 4th following. The nomination 
was made to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chief Justice David A. Depue, who, after serving a period 
of thirty-five years on the bench, vacated the office on 
November 16th, 1901. Chief Justice Gummere took the oath 
of office on November 19, 1901. In politics he is a Republi- 
can. His term will expire in 1908. His circuit comprises 
Essex county. Population, 409,928. 

CHARLES GRANT GARRISON, Merchantville. 

Justice Garrison was born in Swedesboro, Gloucester 
county, N. J., August 3d, 1849. He is a son of Rev. Joseph 
Fithian Garrison, D. D., a well known divine of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, who was a professor in a Phila- 
delphia college for a number of years, and died in 1893. 
The Judge was educated at Edgehill School, Princeton, at 
the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and in the Univer^- 
sity of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated as a physi- 
cian in 1872- He practiced that profession until 1876, at 
Swedesboro, and then entered the law office of Samuel H. 
Grey, of Camden, where he remained until he was admit 
ted to the bar in 1878. He was made Judge-Advocate Gen- 
eral of New Jersey in 1884, and In 1882 he was maae Chan- 
cellor of the Southern Diocese of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of New Jersey. He was appointed to the Supreme 
Court bench in January, 1888, in the place of the late ex- 
Governor Joel Parker, for a full term of seven years. He 
was re-appointed in 1895 by Governor "Werts and again by 
Governor Murphy in 1902. In politics he is a Democrat, 
His term expires in 1909. 

His circuit consists of the counties of Camden and 
Gloucester. Total population, 156,032. 



352 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JOHN FRANKLIN FORT, East Orange. 

Justice Fort was born at Pemberton, Burling-ton county, 
March 20, 1852, and is the eldest child and only son of An- 
drew H. and Hannah A. Fort, and a nephew of the late 
George F. Fort, who was Governor of New Jersey in 1852. 
He received his early education at the Mount Holly Insti- 
tute and later attended Pennington Seminary. He began 
the study of the law in Philadelphia in the ofRce of Edward 
Paxson, afterward Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania. When Mr. Paxson was appointed Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia, Mr. Fort con- 
tinued his studies with Ewan Merritt, Esq., then one of 
the foremost lawyers in Burlington county, and for nine 
months of his student term he was in the office of Garrit 
S. Cannon, then Prosecutor of the Pleas for Burlington 
county. He graduated from the Albany Law School in 
1872 with the degree of LL.B. 

Mr. Fort was admitted to the bar as an attorney at the 
November term of 1873 and as a counselor in 1876. His polit- 
ical career began before he had attained his majority In 
the Presidential campaign of 1872. He served as Journal 
Clerk of the House of Assembly during the sessions of 1873- 
74. In May, 1874, he located in Newark and began the 
practice of the law in Essex county. In 1878 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor McClellan as Judge of the First Dis- 
trict Court of the city of Newark, for the term of five 
years, at the expiration of which he was re-appointed by 
Governor Ludlow, but resigned the office in the third year 
of his second term to resume active practice. 

For a number of years he has been a prominent figure 
in local and State politics. He served on the Republican 
State Committee and was Vice-President of that body in 
1889. He was a delegate-at-large to the National Republi- 
can Convention of 1884 which nominated Mr. Blaine for 
President. He presided over the State Republican Conven- 
tions of 1889 and 1895, when General Grubb and John W. 
Griggs were respectively nominated for Governor. At the 
National Republican Convention held in St. Louis in 1896 
Mr. Fort, speaking for New Jersey, placed in nomination 
for Vice-President of the United States the name of Garret 
A. Hobart. He was a member of the Constitutional Com- 
mission of 1894, and is now one of the three New Jersey 
members of the Constitutional Commission on Uniform 
Laws for all the States, and is active in that national body. 
On December 1st, 1896, Governor Griggs appointed Mr, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 353 

Fort as Judge of the Essex County Court of Common 
Pleas to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Andrew 
Kirkpatrick, who had accepted the office of Judge of the 
United States District Court for New Jersey. When the 
Legislature assembled Judge Fort was nominated for a 
full term of five years and was unanimously confirmed by 
the Senate. In May, 1900, Judge Fort was appointed by 
Governor Voorhees as a Justice of the Supreme Court to 
fill a vacancy caused by the elevation of Justice Depue to 
the office of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. On Janu- 
ary 14th, 1901, he was nominated by Governor Voorhees for 
a full term of seven years, and the nomJnation was con- 
firmed by the Senate on January 22d. His term will expire 
Justice Fort's circuit is composed of the county of Hud- 
son. Population, 449,879. 

ABRAM QUICK GARRETSON, Morristown. 

Justice Garretson was born in Franklin township, Som- 
erset county, N. J., March 11, 1842. He is a descendant of 
two of the earliest families in Somerset county, both being 
of Holland-Dutch stock. His parents were Martin 
Schenck and Ann (Quick) Garretson, and his maternal 
great-grandfather, Abram Quick, was a Colonel of New 
Jersey Militia in the Revolutionary war. His ancestors 
took an active part in public and commercial affairs, held 
posts of honor and trust, and were always among the fore- 
most citizens of their time. 

In 1859 Mr. Garretson entered the sophomore class of 
Rutgers College, from which he received the degree of 
A. M., standing first in his class. He decided upon the law 
as his profession, and almost immediately after he had 
graduated at Rutgers he registered as a student in the 
office of Abraham O. Zabriskie, of Jersey City, who was 
afterward Chancellor of New Jersey. He subsequently at- 
tended Harvard Law School, and in November, 1865, was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney, and 
three years later as a counselor. Subsequently he was 
admitted to practice before the United States Supreme 
Court at Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Garretson began the active practice of his profession 
in Jersey City in 1865, being associated with the late Robert 
Gilchrist, afterward Attorney General of New Jersey. In 
1S67 he took up his professional work alone, and in Febru- 
ary, 1869, was appointed by Governor Randolph as Prose- 
cutor of the Pleas of Hudson county for a term of five 
years, at the expiration of which, in 1874, he was re- 
23 



354 BIOGRAPHIES. 

appointed by Governor Parker. In 1878, after serving in 
this capacity for nine consecutive years, he resigned to 
accept at the hands of Governor McClellan the office of 
President Judge of the Hudson County Court of Common 
Pleas, which position he filled for a full term of five years. 
Since then he devoted his time to the practice of his pro- 
fession, and until he was appointed to his present office. 
In 1883 he formed a co-partnership with James B. Vreden- 
burgh. under the firm name of Vredenburgh & Garretson, 
which continued until his elevation to the bench of the 
Supreme Court. He was a member of the staff of the late 
Governor Bedle, and In politics Justice Garretson has 
always been a Demoorat. Upon the death of Justice Lip- 
pincott in July, 1900, Governor Voorhees appointed Mr. 
Garretson to fill the vacancy on the bench, and he was 
sworn into office July 19th of that year. On January 14th. 
1901, tie was nominated by Governor Voorhees for a full 
term of seven years, and the nomination was confirmed by 
the Senate on January 22d. His term will expire in 1908. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Morris, Somerset 
and Bergen. Total population, 204,207. 

CHARLES E. HENDRICKSON, Red Bank. 

Justice Hendrickson was born at New Egypt, Monmouth 
county (now Ocean), N. J., January 8th, 1843. He pre- 
pared for college at the academy in his native town. In 
September, 1860, he entered the Sophomore Class of Union 
College, Schenectady, N. Y., but continued there only one 
term, joining the Sophomore Class of Princeton College, 
N. J., the following January, where he graduated at the 
age of twenty with the class of 1863. On leaving college 
he conducted a classical schooi for one year at Pemberton, 
N. J. He studied law with Abraham Browning and Garrit 
S. Cannon, successively, and was admitted to the bar of 
New Jersey as an attorney at the November term of the 
Supreme Court, 1866, and three years later as counselor. 
He settled at Mount Holly upon his admission to the bar, 
where he has since resided. He was appointed Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Burlington county by Governor Randolph 
in March, 1870, and was re-appointed by Governors Bedle, 
McClellan and Abbett, thus serving twenty years in the 
office, from which he voluntarily retired at the close of his 
fourth term, in March, 1890. 

He was elected to the House of Assembly from the Third 
district of Burlington county in 1867. He represented the 
New Jersey Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 



BIOGRAPHIES. 355 

Church as one of the two Lay Delegates from that body 
to the General Conference of that Church held at Balti- 
more in May, 1876. He was there appointed by the Board 
of Bishops one of the Committee to Revise the Hymnal of 
the Church, a work that v/as completed by the committee 
and presented to the Board of Bishops at their meeting in 
Cleveland, O., the following year. He has further served 
the New Jersey Annual Conference as Trustee of Dickinson 
College and of Pennington Seminary, and was President 
of the Board of Trustees of the latter institution for a 
number of years. He was also a Lay Delegate to the 
Methodist Ecumenical Conference held in Washington, 
D. C, in 1891, having been designated by the Board of 
Bishops as one of the representatives from the New Jersey 
Conference District. 

He was appointed by Governor Griggs a Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals on March 26th, 1896, for a 
term of six years. On January 28th, 1901, he was nomi- 
nated by Governor Voorhees for Justice of the Supreme 
Court, to fi}l a vacancy caused by the death of George C. 
Ludlow, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate 
on February 4th. In politics the Justice is a Democrat. 
His term will expire in 1908. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Monmouth, Burlington and Ocean. Popula- 
tion, 170,841. 

MAHLON PITNEY, Morristown. 

Justice Pitney was born at Morristown, N. J., February 
5th, 1858, and is a son of Vice-Chancellor Pitney. He ob- 
tained his early education in the schools of his native town, 
and entered Princeton College in 1875, and was graduated 
in 1879. Upon graduation he at once commenced the study 
of law in the office of his father, who was then practicing 
in Morristown. He was admitted to the bar as an attorney 
in June, 1882, and became a counselor-at-law in 1885. He 
opened an office in Dover, Morris county, in 1882, and re- 
mained there until 1889, when he returned to Morristown, 
where he practiced law until his elevation to the bench 
of the Supreme Court. He acted as Temporary Chairman 
of the Republican State Convention in 1895, which nomi- 
nated John W. Griggs for Governor. He was elected to 
Congress in 1894, in the old Fourth District, by a plurality of 
1,407 ever Johnston Cornish, although the district was con- 
sidered Democratic. In 1896 he was re-elected by the in- 
creased plurality of 2,977, his own county of Morris giving 
him a plurality of 3,627, despite the fact that his Demo- 
cratic opponent, Augustus W. Cutler, was also a resident 



o56 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of that county. In 1898 he was elected to the State Senate 
from Morris county by a plurality of 831. In 1900 he was 
the majority leader on the floor of the Senate, and in 1901 
he served as President of the Senate. He always took an 
active part in legislation both in the National House of 
Representatives and in the State Senate. On February 
5th, 1901, Senator Pitney was nominated by Governor 
Voorhees for Justice of the Supreme Court, to succeed Jus- 
tice Gummere, resigned, to take effect November 16th, 
1901, and the nomination, without reference, was at once 
confirmed by the Senate. Mr. Pitney was sworn into office 
on November 19th, 1901, for a term of seven years. In 
politics he is a Republican. His term will expire in 1908. 
His circuit comprises the counties of Passaic and Sussex. 
Population, 199,183. 

FRANCIS J. SWAYZE, Newark. 

Justice Swayze was born in Newton, Sussex county. May 
15th, 1861, and is a son of Jacob L. Swayze. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard College in 1879, and afterward studied 
law in the office of Martin Rosenkrans, in Newton. He 
also took a course at Harvard Law School, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey in June, 1882, and was made 
a counselor-at-law three years later. 

The Judge served as Chairman of the Sussex Republican 
County Committee from 1886 to 1889. He was a member of 
the Republican State Committee from 1889 to 1892, and was 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1892. 
In that year he removed to Newark and thereafter confined 
himself to the practice of his profession. He became a 
member of the law firm of Colie & Swayze, later Colie. 
Swayze & Titsworth. On February 13lh, 1900, he was nom- 
inated by Governor Voorhees as a Circuit Court Judge to 
succeed Francis Child and he was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate for a term of seven years. On January 13, 
1903, he was nominated by Governor Murphy as a Justice 
of the Supreme Court to succeed Justice Collins, who had 
resigned, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate 
on January 20, for a full term of seven years. His term 
will expire in January, 1910. . His circuit comprises the 
counties of Union and Middlesex. Population, 214,247. 

ALFRED REED, Trenton. 

Justice Reed was born December 23d, 1839, in Ewing 
township, Mercer county. He attended the Lawrence- 
ville High School in 1856 and the Model School at 



BIOGRAFillES. 357 

Trenton in 1857-58, and entered Rutgers College, at New 
Brunswick, in 1859. In the fall of 1860 he was matriculated 
at the State and Normal Law School, at Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y., and in the summer of 1862 admitted to the practice 
of law in New York. He returned to Trenton and renewed 
his study of law, and was admitted to the bar of New Jer- 
sey at the June Term, 1864. In the spring of 1865 lie was 
elected to the Common Council of Trenton, of which body 
he was made President. He was elected Mayor of Trenton 
In 1867, serving for one year, and in the spring of 1869 he 
was appointed Law Judge of Mercer county, a position he 
held for a full term of five years. On April 8th, 1875, he was 
appointed by Governor Bedle a Justice of the Supreme 
Court; in 1882 he was re-appointed by Governor Ludlow, 
and in 1S89 by Governor Green. In June, 1895 he was ap- 
pointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor McGill, to succeed 
the late Robert S. Green, for a term of seven years. He 
was re-appointed by Chancellor Magie in 1902. In 1904 he 
was again appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court by 
Governor Murphy, to fill a vacancy caused by the resigna- 
tion of Justice "Van Syckel, who had served over thirty- 
five years on the bench. He was confirmed by the Senate 
for a full term of seven years on March 17th, and was 
sworn into ofiice on June 16th, following. In politics he is 
a Democrat. His circuit comprises the counties of Mer- 
cer, Hunterdon and Warren. Population, 184,177. 

THOMAS WHITAKER TRENCHARD, Bridgeton. 

Justice Trenchard was born in Centre ton, Salem county, 
N. J., December 13th, 1863. His father was William B. 
Trenchard, for many years Clerk of the County of Cum- 
berland. The Judge was educated in the public schools $.f 
Bridgeton and in the South Jersey Institute, from which 
he was graduated in the class of 1882. He read law in the 
ofiice of Porter and Nixon, and w'as admitted to the bar 
as an attorney at the November term of court in 1886, and 
as a counselor in February, 1893. He practiced law in 
Bridgeton, and in 18i>9 he was appointed Law Judge of 
Cumberland county by Governor Voorhees. In 1904 he was 
reappointed by Governor Murphy. He served as City So- 
licitor of Bridgeton from 1892 to 1899, and was a member of 
the House of Assembly in 1889. During many years he 
was Solicitor for the Board of Health of Bridgeton, He 
was one of the organizers of the Cumberland County Bar 
Association and has served as its president. In 1896 he 



£58 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was chosen a Presidential Elector, when he cast his ballot 
for McKinley and Hobart. The Judge is a member of the 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution. On June 8, 1906, 
Governor Stokes appointed him a Justice of the SUpremje 
Court, to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Justice 
Dixon. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Atlantic, Cape 
May, Cumberland and Salem. Population, 155,640. 



Circuit Court Judges. 

(Term of office, seven years. Salary, $7,500.) 

FREDERIC ADAMS. Summit. 

Judge Adams was born on October 9th, 1840, at Amherst. 
N. H. He was graduated from Phillips Academy at An- 
dover in 1858, and from Yale College in 1862. He read law 
at the Harvard Law School in 1863 and '64, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New York city in 1864. He was admitted 
to nractice in New Jersey as an attorney in February, 1868, 
and as a counselor in November, 1873. Nearly his entire 
practice has been in the city of Newark, where he has 
been much occupied by his duties as Special and Advisory 
Master in Chancery. The only political offices he ever held 
were as Clerk of East Orange township, Essex county, and 
as counsel for the same township. On March 23d, 1897, he 
was nominated as Judge of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals by Governor Griggs to succeed Judge Barcalow, who 
had been appointed as Judge of the Passaic County Courts. 
He was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on March 
25th, 1897. On January 13, 1903, he was nominated by Gov- 
ernor Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit Court for a full 
term of seven years, and on the 20th of that month he was 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. In politics the 
Judge is a Republican. His term will expire in January, 
191.9. His circuit comprises the county of Essex. 

CHARLES W. PARKER, Jersey City. 

Judge Parker was born at Newark, N. J., October 22, 
1862, and is a son of Cortlandt and Elizabeth W. (Stites) 
Parker. He received his preliminary education at Pingy 
School, Elizabeth, N. J., and Phillips Exeter Academy, 
Exeter, N. H. He was graduated from Princeton College 
with honors in 1882; read law under the direction of his 



BIOGRAPHIES. 359 

father and at Columbia Law School from 1882 to 1885; was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney in June, 
1885, and as a counselor at the February term, 1890. He 
practiced his profession in Newark till 1890, and thereafter 
in Bayonne City, and since 1891 in Jersey City. In 1898 he 
was appointed a District Court Judge for Jersey City, and 
in 1903 he was reappointed. He resigned that offlce in 1903 
and accepted an appointment by Governor Murphy as a 
Judge of the Circuit Court. The appointment was unani- 
mously confirmed by the Senate. He was appointed As- 
sistant Adjutant General on the Department Staff in 1902. 
His military record is as follows: Private, First Troop, 
June 3, 1890; re-enlisted June 3, 1896; re-enlisted June 3, 
1897; corporal, December 16, 1897; re-enlisted June 3, 1898; 
re-enlisted June 3, 1899; sergeant, June 26, 1899; first lieuten- 
ant, Co. C, Fourth Regiment, December 18, 1899; Captain, 
Co. A, October 22, 1900; Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant 
Adjutant General, October 15, 1902; Aide-de-Camp to the 
Commander-in-Chief, by detail, March 19, 1902. 
His term as Circuit Court Judge dates from March 2, 

1903, and will not expire until 1910. In politics the Judge is 
a Republican. His circuit comprises the counties of Hud- 
son. 

ALLEN B. ENDICOTT, Atlantic City. 

Judge Endicott was born at May's Landing, March 7, 
1857. He was graduated at Peddie Institute, Hightstown, 
N. J., in June, 1876, with the degree of Ph.B., read law 
with Peter L, Voorhees, of Camden, and graduated in 
the law department of the University of Pennsylvania in 
1879 with the degree of L.L. B. He was admitted to the 
New Jersey bar in 1880 as an attorney, and as counselor 
in 1884. He served as Collector of Atlantic county for six- 
teen years, from May, 1883, till he was appointed Judge of 
the County Courts. For eleven years lie was City Soli- 
citor for Atlantic City. He served as County Judge for 
Atlantic from April 1, 1898 (having been re-appointed on 
February 2, 1903), until December 29, 1903, when he was 
appointed a Circuit Court Judge by Governor Murphy to 
fill a vacancy caused by the death of Jam.es H. Nixon, 
which occurred on November 22, 1903. He was confirmed 
by the Senate for a full term of office on February 2, 

1904. In politics the Judge is a Republican. His term 
will expire in February, 1911. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Camden, Gloucester, Salem, Cumberland, At- 
lantic and Cape May. 



360 BIOGRAPHIES. 

WILBUR A. HEISLEY, Long Branch. 

Judge Heisley was born at Elmer, Salem county, N. J., 
February 11th, 1858, and is a son of Rev. Charles W. 
Heisley, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in this state. 
He studied law with Martin P. Grey, tlie late Vice- 
Chancellor, at Salem, received his attorney's license at 
June term, 1879, and immediately began the practice of 
his profession at Long Branch, and has resided there 
continuously since. At the June term, 1882, he received 
his counselor's license. In 1886 he was elected Mayor of 
J^ong Branch. On January 24th, 1897, he was appointed, 
by Governor Griggs, Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mon- 
mouth county. On April 1st, 1900, he was appointed, by 
Governor Voorhees, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas 
of Monmouth county, and on March 24th, 1904, he was 
appointed, bj'^ Governor Murphy, one of the Circuit 
Judges of New Jersey. His district comprises Passaic, 
Sussex and Essex counties. In politics the Judge is a Re- 
publican. His term, will expire in March, 1911. 

BENJAMIN AUGUSTUS VAIL, Elizabeth. 

Judge Vail is descended from Edward Pitz-Randolph, 
who came from England to Massachusetts about the year 
1637. PTis grandfather, Benjamin Vail, was an early settler 
between Rahway and Plainfield, N. J., and like his an- 
cestors was a member of the Society of Friends. The 
Judge is a son of Benjamin Ftanklin and Martha C. (Par- 
ker) Vail, and was born in Woodbridge township, Middle- 
sex county, N. J., August 15, 1844. He was graduated from 
Haverford College, Pa., in 1865, read law in Newark with 
Parker and Keasbey, was admitted to the bar as an at- 
torney in November, 1868, and as a counselor in November, 
1871. He practiced law in Rahway for a number of years, 
and was appointed Judge of Union county by Governor 
Griggs in 1898. He was reappointed in 1903 by Governor 
Murphy. He served as a member of the Rahway Common 
Council, and in 1876 and '77 he was a member oi the House 
of Assembly. The Judge served as a State Senator from 
Union county two terras, from 1879 to 1885, and in 1884 was 
President of that body. He was appointed as a Circuit 
Court Judge by Governor Stokes, May 9, 1906. His circuit 
comprises the counties of Hudson, Bergen, Morris and 
Union. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 361 

FRANK T. LLOYD, Camden. 

Judge Lloyd was born at Middletown, Delaware, October 
29th, 1S59. He was graduated from the Middletown Acad- 
emy, and after removing- to Camden, in 1875, learned the 
trade of a compositor. During his apprenticeship he 
studied law with the Hon. James Otterson. of Philadel- 
phia, and was admitted to the bar of Pennsylvania in 1882. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney 
in February, 1897, and as a counselor in February, 1900. 
In 1899, uiion the death of the incumbent, he was desig- 
nated by the Court to prosecute the pleas in Camden 
county, and was thereafter successively appointed to the 
position of Prosecutor by Governor Voorhees in 1900 and 
Governor Stokes in 1905. This position he held at the time 
of his appointment in 1906 by Governor Stokes to the bench 
of the Circuit Court. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly in 1896 and 1897, the later year being chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee of that body, and is the author 
of the present marriage law of the State. He was a mem- 
ber of the Franchise Commission whose recommendations 
were last year enacted into law by the Legislature. 
Judge Lloyd's circuit comprises the counties of Burling- 
ton, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, 
Somerset and Warren. 



L.ay Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

(Term of office, six years. Compensation, $20 a day for 
actual service. No mileage.) 

JOHN W. BOGERT. Hohokus. 

Judge Bogert was born in Hohokus, Bergen county, Sep- 
tember 3d, 1839. His ancestors settled in that locality some 
time before the Revolution. He has held several township 
offices, and was Collector of Bergen county for fourteen 
years. He was a member of the House of Assembly from 
the Second District of Bergen county in the sessions of 
1874-75, and he served as State Senator for four years. He 
is an executor and administrator for several large estates. 
He was appointed by Governor Abbett Judge of the Court 
of Errors and Appeals in 1891, and re-appointed by Gover- 
nor Griggs in 1897, and again in 1903 by Governor Murphy. 
His term will expire in 1909. In politics he is a Democrat. 



362 BIOGRAPHIES. 

WILLIAM H. VREDENBURGH, Freehold. 

Judge Vredenburgh comes from a very old New Jersey 
family, being the second son of the late Judge Peter Vre- 
denburgh. The first generation of the family on this side 
of the Atlantic, as appears from ancient records, sprang 
from William I. Vredenburg, who came to New Nether- 
lands from The Hague in May, 1658, in the ship Gilded 
Beaver. 

Peter Vredenburg, father of the present Judge, was a 
prominent jurist in both State and nation. He served two 
terms as an Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme 
Court, being first appointed by Governor Price, in 1855, and 
again by Governor Olden in 1862. Many of his decisions are 
regarded as being among the ablest reported. 

Judge Vredenburgh was born August. 19th, 1840; was 
graduated at Rutgers College in 1859; studied law in the 
office of the late Governor Joseph D. Bedle; was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in June, 1862, and as a counselor 
in June, 1865. He is one of three sons, all of whom were 
lawyers. 

After his admission, young Vredenburgh began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Freehold, his native town, and has 
continued to carry on the law business there ever since, 
with the exception of about a year, 1864, when he was 
located at Eatontown, to continue the business of his 
brother. Major Peter Vredenburgh, Jr., who was absent 
in the military service, and who was killed September 19th, 
1864, at the battle of Winchester, Va., at the head of his 
regiment. 

In 1865 Mr. Vredenburgh formed a law partnership with 
Philip J. Ryall, which continued for about five years, until 
Mr. Ryall's failing health compelled his retirement from 
practice. In the exciting general election of 1884, Mr. Vre- 
denburgh was nominated by the Republicans of Monmouth 
county for State Senator, and was only defeated by the re- 
tirement of the regular Democratic candidate a few days 
before the election and the fusion of the Democrats and 
Prohibitionists, and by a very narrow majority. 

In 1897 he was one of the special Commissioners to con- 
sider the question of railroad taxation, whose report be- 
came enacted into the body of the tax laws. 

In November, 1897. he was appointed a Judge of the Court 
of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs, to fill a vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge Dayton. On January 12th, 
1898, he was nominated for a full term of six years by Gov- 



T?tOGRAPHIES. 363 

ernor Griggs, and he was confirmed by the Senate on the 
18th of the same mouth. On January 18th, 1904, he was 
appointed by Governor Murphy for another term of 
office, and on the 25th was confirmed by the Senate. In 
politics the Judge is a Republican. His term will expire 
in 1910. 

GARRET DORSET WALL VROOM, Trenton. 

Judge Vroom, son of the late Governor Peter Dumont 
Vroom and grandson of United States Senator Garret D. 
Wall, was born in Trenton, December 17th, 1843. After a 
preparatory course at the Trenton Academy, he entered 
Rutgers College, graduating therefrom in the year 1862. 
Among his classmates was Judge Abram Q. Garretson, 
Justice of the Supreme Court. After studying law with 
his father, Mr. Vroom was admitted to the bar as an at- 
torney at the June term, 1865, and three years later he 
was made a counselor. He at once began the practice of 
his profession in Trenton. He was elected City Solicitoi 
of Trenton in 1866, and held that office until 1870, and again 
from 1873 to 1876. He was appointed Prosecutor of the 
Pleas of Mercer county in May, 1870, to succeed General 
C. K. Hall, deceased, which office he resigned in December, 
1873, on being appointed Reporter of the Supreme Court, 
a position he has held ever since. From 1881 to 1884 Mr. 
Vroom was Mayor of the city of Trenton, and on the cre- 
ation of the Board of Public Works of that city, was ap- 
pointed a member of that body, and held the office of 
President during its existence. In 1877, in conjunction 
with the late John H. Stewart, he prepared for publication 
the "Revision of the Statutes of New Jersey," under the 
direction of the Commissioners, which publication included 
the statutes revised as well as the entire body of the 
statute laws of the State. In 1887 Mr. Vroom and Judge 
William M. Lanning issued the supplement to the 
Revision, and in 1894 they were authorized to prepare a 
New Revision in three volumes, entitled "The General 
Statutes of New Jersey." 

Judge Vroom is Vice President of the General Society of 
the Sons of the Revolution and one of those most instru- 
mental in the organization of that body in the State. He 
was a member of the National Commission to promote uni- 
formity of laws throughout the United States. He is a 
member of the New Jersey Historical Society and Presi- 
dent of the Trenton Battle Monument Association, the 
Board of Managers of the New Jersey State Hospital at 
Trenton, and the Trenton Savings Fund Society. 



364 BIOGRAPHIE2S. 

In 1900 Mr. Vroom was offered a seat on the bench of 
the Supreme Court by Governor Voorhees, which he de- 
clined. When Judge Hendrickson was made a Justice of 
the Supreme Court, a vacancy occurred in the Court of 
Errors and Appeals, which was filled by the nomination 
of Mr. Vroom by Governor Voorhees. The nomination was 
made on February 5th, 1901, for a full term of six years, 
and it was confirmed by the Senate on the 12th of the same 
month. 

The Judge has always been a member of the Democratic 
party, and ever since he has been a voter, until recent 
years, he has been a leader in its councils, and an active 
participator in National, State and local campaigns. His 
term will expire in 1907. 

, ELMER EWING GREEN. 

Judge Green was born at Trenton, N. J., February 14, 
1850, and is the only child of the late Caleb Smith Green 
and Eleanor Graeme Ewing, his wife. He comes of a fam- 
ily well-known in the judicial history of the state, his 
father having been a Judge of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals from 1873 to 1885: his uncle, Henry W. Green, 
Chief Justice of the State, and afterward Chancellor, and 
his cousin, Edward T. Green, Judge of the United States 
District Court for New Jersey. One generation further 
back, his maternal grandfather, Charles Ewing, was a 
member of the New Jersey bar from 1802, and Chief Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court from October, 1824, until his 
death in August, 1832. 

Judge Green received his general education at the old 
Trenton Academy under George S. Grosvenor, and at the 
College of New Jersey, now Princeton University. From 
the latter institution he was graduated in June, 1870. His 
legal studies were pursued in his father's ofBce in Tren- 
ton, and his professional life, since admission to the bar, 
has been passed in the same city. Aside from his profes- 
sion, Judge Green has held one political office, that of 
member of the Common Council of Trenton, from April, 
1882, to April, 1885, and several other offices of trust and 
confidence. In the directory of the Trenton Banking Com- 
pany he has had a seat by annual election since 1885; he 
was a manager of the Trenton Saving Fund Society from 
1891 until 1906, when he resigned, and for twelve years he 
has been a trustee of the Theological Seminary at Prince- 
ton, N. J. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 365 

He was nominated by Governor Murphy in January, 1903, 
as Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals, and the 
appointment was unanimously confirnaed by the Senate. 
On the bench he will sit with Chief Justice Gummere, with 
whom he studied at the Trenton Academy, with whom he 
was graduated at Princeton, and with whom he signed 
the rolls of attorneys and counselors, in 1873 and 1876, re- 
spectively. His term of office will expire February 3, 1909. 
In politics the Judge is a Republican. 

GEORGE R. GRAY, Newark. 

Judge Gray was born in Newton, Sussex county, N. J., 
April 25, 1842, which was his home until 1860, when he 
moved to Newark, 'N. J. He was engaged as a book- 
keeper for the firm of William Wright & Co., then man- 
ufacturers of carriage springs in that city, for some 
years. In 1863 the business was removed to Passaic street, 
and the firm was reorganized under the name of the 
Passaic Spring Works. In 1867 Mr. Gray was taken into 
the firm as a partner, and continued as such until Janu- 
ary, 1875, when he was elected to the office of City Treas- 
urer of Newark by the Common Council, which was that 
year Democratic. The Republicans were returned to power 
in 1876, when he was superseded, but was at once elected 
Secretary of the Board of Assessments and Revision of 
Taxes. In 1881 he was elected Superintendent of the New- 
ark Aqueduct Board, and held that office until he resigned 
to accept the position of State Treasurer, in March, 1891. 
He served a full term of three years as State Treasurer 
and made an enviable record in that office. In 1892 Mr. 
Gray was appointed by Governor Abbett as a member of 
the State Beard of Commissioners of Electrical Subways 
to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of James 
Smith, Jr. He was appointed for a full term of five years 
to that office by Governor Werts in 1893. The Judge is 
President of T. B. Peddie & Co., trunk manufacturers; 
Vice-President of Essex and Hudson Gas Co.; Director in 
Union National Bank, Firemen's Insurance Co., Herring 
Hall Marvin Safe Co. and Public Service Corporation of 
New Jersey. In 1903 Governor Murphy appointed him a 
Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals for a full term 
of six years, and he was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate. His term will expire on March 29th, 1909. In poli- 
tics the Judge is a Democrat. 



366 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JAMES BROOKS DILL, East Orange. 

Judge Dill was born at Spencerport, N. Y., July 25th, 
1854, and is a son of Rev. James H. Dill, pastor of the 
South Congregational Church, Chicago, 111., at the time of 
the Civil War. The father was chaplain of the Eighty- 
ninth Illinois Regiment, known as "The Railroad Regi- 
ment," and during the war the chaplain was known as 
"The Fighting Parson." He was killed at the battle of 
Murfreesboro. 

Judge Dill was educated in the public schools of Chi- 
cago, prepared for college at the preparatory school of 
Oberlin College, Ohio, and graduated from Yale Univer- 
sity in 1876. Subsequently he was instructor in Latin and 
mathematics at Stevens Institute, Hoboken, and during 
that time entered the Law School of the University of 
New York, graduating in 1878. In this year he began the 
practice of law in New York and was admitted to the Bar 
of New Jersey. He was an active trial lawyer for about 
fifteen years, when he gave special attention to the study 
of corporation law, principally in New Jersey. For years 
he has been recognized as an authority on this subject. 

He is the author of several books — "Dill on New Jersey 
Corporations" and a treatise on the banking laws of the 
State of New Jersey, and has written a number of publi- 
cations, mainly on economics and kindred topics. He has 
resided in East Orange, N. J., since 1878. 

He was appointed a Judge of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals by Governor Stokes in July, 1905, to fill a vacancy 
caused by the resignation of Judge Peter Van Voorhees. 



U. S. OFFICERS FOR NEW JERSEY. 

District Attorney. 

JOHN BEAM VREELAND, Morristown. 

Mr. Vreeland was born in Newark, N. J., December 30, 
1852, is a son of George W. and Sarah M. Vreeland and a 
descendant on his father's side from Holland ancestry, 
who came directly from Holland and settled in New Jer- 
sey in the seventeenth century, and on his mother's side 
from English settlers before the Revolutionary war. He 
has twice been married, first to Miss Ida A. Piotrowoki, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 367 

December ISlh, 1878, and, second, to Miss Ida King Smith, 
June 2d, 1897. He was educated in the common schools, 
and after attending the Newark High School one year his 
family, in JS68, moved to Morristown, where he has since 
resided. While in Newark he served a newspaper route 
morning and evening for nearly a j'^ear. In 1870 Mr. Vree- 
land began the study of law with F. G. Burnham, com- 
pleting his studies with the late Colonel F. A. DeMott, 
and was admitted to the bar as an attorney in November, 
1875, and as a counselor at the June term of the Supreme 
Court, in 1879. Chancellor McGill appointed him a Special 
Master in Chancery in 1892, and the Supreme Court ap- 
pointed him a Commissioner of that court, June 7th, 1882. 
Mr. Vreeland has been in active and successful practice 
in Morristown since his admission to the bar. He has 
served as Township Clerk of Morris township. Deputy 
County Clerk, Acting Prosecutor of the Pleas of the county 
of Morris, and also as City Counsel of Morristown. In 
1895 he was elected to the State Senate by a plurality of 
1,526 over Mr. McCracken, his Democratic opponent. Dur- 
ing his term of three years as State Senator he took an 
active part in legislation, served on leading committees 
and was a member of the Commission to Revise the Bank- 
ing and Trust Company JL,aws. In 1898 he was appointed 
by Governor Voorhees as Judge of the Morris County 
Courts for a term of five years, an office which he filled 
with marked ability. 

Mr. Vreeland was appointed by President Roosevelt to 
the office of United States Attorney for the District of 
New Jersey on October 20, 1903, to fill the unexpired term 
of David O. Watkins, who had resigned that office. He 
was sworn into office on October 28th. He was appointed 
for a full term in 1904. Mr. Vreeland has always been a 
Republican in politics and has never failed to take a 
deep interest in the welfare of his party. 



Clerk U. S. Circuit Court. 

HENRY DUNCAN OLIPHANT, Trenton. 

Mr. Oliphant was born at Uniontown, Fayette county. 
Pa., June 6th, 1855. He is the fourth son of the late 
General S. Duncan Oliphant, who died on October 23d, 
1904, after having served thirty-four years as Clerk of 
the United States Circuit Court for New Jersey, and 
whom he succeeds in that office. Mr. Oliphant's early 



SeS BIOGRAPHIES. 

education was received in the schools of his native town 
and of Princeton, N. J. In 1867 he moved, with his 
father, to Princeton. 

In the fall of 1872 he entered the College of New Jersey, 
now Princeton University, as a member of the class of 
1876, but left that institution to take a position as Clerk 
in the United States Circuit Court in the spring of 1875, 
which he occupied until October 18th, 1880, when he was 
appointed Deputy Clerk of the said court, an office he 
filled until he was promoted to the clerkship of the 
Court, by order dated October 29th, 1904, by United States 
Circuit Crv-t Judges Acheson, Dallas and Gray, taking 
the oath of olfice November 1st, 1904. 

He was aonointed a Standing Examiner of the Court 
June 15th, 1897, and has been prominently before the 
greatest lawyers of the country, notably in the famous 
shipbuilding case. 

He is an elder and trustee of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Trenton, and is a member of the Masonic 
order, belonging to Column Lodge, No. 120, and of the 
Chapter. 

The salary of the Clerk is paid by the retention of 
fees to a limited amount, as provided by statute. 



Clerk U. S. District Court. 

GEORGE T. CRANMER, Trenton. 

Mr. Cranmer was born at Barnegat, N. J., December 6th, 
1848. He was formerly engaged in the banking and broker- 
age, real estate and insurance business. He has been an 
active member of the State National Guard for a number 
of years, and from 1875 to 1899 was Quartermaster of the 
Seventh Regiment. In 1878 he was the Republican candi- 
date for member of Assembly, but was defeated by Hon. 
Rufus Blodgett, since a United States Senator. In Sep- 
tember, 1879, without his solicitation, he was appointed by 
President Hayes Collector of Customs for the District of 
Little Egg Harbor, N. J,, which office he resigned July 1st, 
1880. In 1882 he was again nominated for member of As- 
sembly and elected over William J. Harrison by a majority 
of 477. In 1883 he was unanimously nominated for Senator, 
and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a plur- 
ality of 36. In 1886 he was renominated for Senator, and 
elected over Judge Richard H. Conover by a plurality of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 369 

743. In 1889 he was again unanimously renominated for Sen- 
ator, and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a 
plurality of 272. He always took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings of the Senate, and for many years was Chairman 
of the Senate Republican caucus, and also of the joint 
Republican caucus. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated 
by the Republican caucus for President of the Senate. He 
was an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Repub- 
lican Convention at Chicago in 1888, and also to the Minne- 
apolis Convention in 1892, In October, 1891, at a convention 
of the State League of Republican Clubs, he was elected 
an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Convention 
of Republican Clubs. He was appointed to his present 
office by the late Judge Green, in January, 1893, to succeed 
Linsly Rowe, who had resigned. No fixed salary, but in- 
stead, fees. 



United States Marshal. 

THOMAS J. ALCOTT, Mount Holly. 
Mr. Alcott was born in Mount Holly, N. J., January 24th, 
1840. In the year 1855 he commenced the study of pharmacy, 
and in 1859 entered Pennington Seminary, where he pursued 
his studies until the beginning of 1863, when he enlisted in 
the Twenty-third Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, and 
served as Quartermaster Sergeant in the Army of the 
Potomac, under Generals Burnside and Hooker. In 1865 he 
became junior partner with his father, Hon. Thomas C. 
Alcott, who was a member of the Legislature in 1869, '70 and 
'71, in the foundry and machine business, under the name 
of T. C. Alcott & Son. Upon the death of his father, in 
1872, Mr. Alcott became sole proprietor of the business. He 
is the patentee and manufacturer of Alcott's improved 
turbine water-wheel, which is so favorably known through- 
out the United States, as well as in European and South 
American countries. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly in 1884, '85 and '86, when he took a prominent 
part In legislation. He was appointed United States Mar- 
shal for New Jersey early in 1897, to succeed George Pfeif- 
fer, whose term had expired. His salary is $3,000 a year 
24 



370 BIOGRAPHIES. 

STATE OFFICERS. 

Secretary of State. 
SAMUEL D. DICKINSON, Jersey City. 

Colonel Dickinson was born in Philadelphia, November 
5, 1850. He was educated in School No. 1, Jersey City. For 
some time he was employed in the old Union Bank in that 
city and he was also in the real estate business. He was 
enrolled as a private in the Fourth Regiment Rifle Corps, 
April 21, 1868, became corporal of Company E, Fourth 
Regiment, National Guard, April 14, 1869, and then served 
through all the grades to the colonelcy, which he reached 
on April 22, 1885. He resigned the colonelcy on December 6, 
1888, He was selected by the State Military Board as Adju- 
tant of the New Jersey Battalion which attended the cele- 
bration at Yorktown in 1881. In 1883 he was an officer of the 
American Rifle Team and went to England in that year to 
compete in the international rifle match. 

The Colonel has always been active in politics and for 
several years has been the recognized Republican leader of 
Hudson county. For a long period he has been in close 
relationship with the state leaders of his party and to an 
eminent degree enjoyed the confidence of the late General 
Sewell. He served as Comptroller of Jersey City for four 
years and until 1899. He was appointed Postmaster of 
Jersey City by President Harrison and served five years, 
one of which was under the Cleveland administration. He 
was City Treasurer of Jersey City for four years under 
an appointment made by Mayor Wanser. Upon leaving the 
Treasurer's office he was made agent for the Hoboken 
division of the United Electric Company, which position he 
held until his appointment as Secretary of State. The 
Colonel was Collector of the Port of Hudson county for 
one year. 

The nomination of Franklin Murphy for Governor was 
brought about largely through the efforts of the Colonel. 
He started the movement in that direction and never tired 
until the State Convention of his party ratified his choice. 
The splendid endorsement given by the people at the polls 
to the selection of Mr. Murphy as a candidate was a de- 
monstration of the wisdom displayed by the Colonel in the 
matter. As a fearless leader and experienced politician 
the Colonel has made an enviable record in that hot-bed of. 
Democracy, Hudson county. 

Colonel Dickinson was nominated for Secretary of State 



BIOGRAPHIES. 371 

by Governor Murphy on March 17, 1902, and he was con- 
firmed by the Senate two days later by an unanimous vote. 
His term of ofRce, is five years and begun on April 1, 1902. 
His salary is $6,000 a year. 



Assistant Secretary of State. 
J. B. R. SMITH, Trenton. 

Mr. Smith was born at Branchville, Sussex county, in 
1869, coming of a line of village merchants of that town, ex- 
tending back to 1836. When ten years old he began a clerk- 
ship in his father's store, spending his evenings, holidays 
and vacations at that work, and attending the public 
schools during the daytime until he entered Wyoming Sem- 
inary, Kingston, Pa., in 1887. After completing his course 
at that Institution he became a partner in the Branchville 
business, which lasted until he purchased the newspaper 
known as the Warren Tidings, at Washington, N. J., 
in 1893, and became its editor. He was appointed 
court clerk in the Secretary of State's office May 
1, 1897, and held that position until he was promoted to his 
present office. He studied law with Oscar Jeffrey and was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney at the June term, 1900. 
On April 8, 1902, he received his commission as Assistant 
Secretary of State. 

For several years Mr. Smith has been prominently iden- 
tified with the New Jersey newspaper profession, and he 
feels very proud of that record. For some years he has 
taken an active part in the politics of Warren county and 
is recognized as one of the leaders there of the Republican 
party. Since his admission to the bar he has enjoyed a 
good practice at corporation law and in the Surrogate's 
Court. 

Mr. Smith's powers- and duties as Assistant Secretary of 
State, as defined by statute, are: "He shall, during the 
absence or inability, through sickness or other cause, of 
the Secretary of State, have the same powers and perform 
the same duties which are now imposed by law upon the 
Secretary of State." 



State Treasurer. 

FRANK O. BRIGGS, Trenton. 
Mr. Briggs was appointed State Treasurer by Governor 
Voorhees on January 3, 1902, to fill the vacancy caused by 
the death of George B. Swain, of Newark, which occurred 



372 BIOGRAPHIES. 

on December 25, 1901. The appointment of Mr. Briggs was 
ad interim. On February 11, 1902, he was elected by a joint 
meeting of the Legislature for a full term of three years. 

Ml'. Briggs was born in New Hampshire in 1851 and was 
a. student at Phi]lip's, Exeter, Academy in ISfiG, '67 and 'GS, 
and on September 1, ISoS, entered the U. S. Military Acad- 
emy at Wesc Point, graduating with the class of 1872. He 
served in the Second U. S. Infantry as Second Lieutenant 
until 1877, when he moved to Trenton and became associ- 
ated with the well known firm of John A. Roeblings' Sons 
Company, wire rope manufacturers, bridge builders, &c., 
of which he is assistant treasurer. He was elected Mayor 
of Trenton on April 11, 1899, by a majority of 816 over 
Joseph A. Corey, Democrat, and served as such unt 1 
January 1st, 1902. He was appointed a member of the 
State IBoard of Education by Governor Voorhees in 1901 
for a term of three years, but resigned that office in 1902 

During a residence of twenty-six years in Trenton Mr. 
Briggs has taken a deep interest in all matters which 
tended to promote the welfare of the city. As a public- 
spirited citizen he enjoys a high degree of popularity, and 
in politics he has always been a steadfast Republican. 
In 1904 he was elected chairman of the State Republican 
Committee. He displayed great ability and industry in 
the management of the successful campaign of that year. 
He was re-elected as State Treasurer in joint meeting of 
the Legislature in 1905. His term v/ill expire February 11, 
1908. His salary is $6,000 a year. 



State Comptroller. 
J. WILLARD MORGAN, Camden. 

Mr. Morgan is a son of former Sheriff Randal E. Morgan 
and was born at Blackwood, July 6, 1854. He was educated 
in the Camden and Philadelphia public schools. He stud- 
ied law in the office of Judge Charles P. Stratton, Camden, 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 1877, 
and as a counselor three years later. For a number oC 
years he has been a prominent member of the Camden Bar 
Association and has an extensive practice. He has served 
as a United States Commissioner for over twenty years. 

The Comptroller is a well-known Republican leader of 
South Jersey and has always been an active member of his 
party. The first political office he held was as a member 
of the Camden Common Council. For fifteen years he 



BIOGRAPHIES. 373 

served as City Solicitor of Camden. He has been counsel 
for the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad in that city for 
over ten years and is president of the Camden, Gloucester 
and Woodbury Railway Company. 

Mr. Morgan was unanimously nominated for the office 
of State Comptroller in a caucus of his party, having no 
opponent, and in a joint meeting of the Legislature held 
on February 18, 1902, he was elected to that office, receiv- 
ing every Republican vote. He was re-elected in 1905. He 
had not sought the office. His term will expire on Febru- 
ary 20, 1908. His salary is $G,000 a year. 



Attorney- General. 
ROBERT HARRIS McCARTER, Newark. 

Mr. McCarter was born at Newton, Sussex county, on 
April 2S, 1859, and is a son of the late Thomas N. McCar- 
ter, who was one of the leading members of the New Jer- 
sey bar. He is a brother of Uzal H. McCarter, president 
of the Fidelity Trust Co., and of Thomas N. McCarter, 
whom he succeeded as Attorney General. He received his 
preliminary school education at the Newark Academy, 
and then entered Princeton College, from which institu- 
tion he was graduated in 1879. He read law in the office 
of McCarter and Keen, in Newark, and also at Columbia 
College Law School, New York, from which he received 
his diploma in 1882. He was admitted to the bar of New 
Jersey as an attorney at the June term of the Supreme 
Court in 1882, and as a counselor at the June term, 1885. 
He began the practice of his profession with his father. 
and subsequently became a member of the firm of Mc- 
Carter, Williamson and McCarter. He has had a large 
and varied practice. 

At the extraordinary session of the State Senate on 
April 21, 1903, Mr. McCarter was nominated for the office 
of Attorney General by Governor Murphy, and the nomi- 
nation was promptly confirmed. The nomination waa 
made to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of hi? 
brother, Thomas N. McCarter, and took effect on May 15 
for a term of five years. His salary is $7,000 a year. 



374 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Assistant Attorney-General. 

NELSON B. GASKILL, Mount Holly. 
Mr. Gaskill was born at Mount Holly, N. J., September 
12th, 1S75. He prepared for college at the Peddle Institute, 
Hig-htstown, N. J., and entered Princeton with the class 
of 3896. Upon graduation he spent two years at the Har- 
vard Law School and studied one year in the office of his 
father, Judge Joseph H. Gaskill. He was admitted to the 
bar as attorney in 1899 and passed the counselors' examin- 
ation three years later. Since admission he has practiced 
law in Camden, N. J., with his father as a member of 
the firm of Gaskill & Gaskill. He enlisted in the National 
Guard in 1896, and was made Captain of his company two 
years later; he was later appointed Battalion Adjutant 
with the Third Regiment, which commission he now holds 
He was appointed Assistant Attorney General in Novem- 
ber, 1906, to succeed Edv/ard D. Duffleld, who had resigned 
that office. 



Major-General. 
PETER FARMER WANSER, Jersey City. 

General Wanser was born in Middlesex county, N. J., 
January 24, 1849. He was formerly in the produce business 
with his father in New York and is now engaged in the real 
'"'State business, being a member of the firm of Love & 
Wanser, of Jersey City. He was an Assemblyman from 
Hudson county in 1883. He was appointed Police Justice 
of Jersey City by joint session of the Legislature in 1885 
and was re-appointed in 1888 for terms of three years each. 
He served as Mayor of Jersey City for five years from 
1892 to 1897, having been elected to that office by a large 
majority over Allan L. McDermott, the Democratic can- 
didate. He was one of the few Republican Mayors that 
city has ever had. He is at present the Postmaster of 
Jersey City, having been appointed to that office by the 
late President McKinley. At one time he was a Custom 
House Inspector. 

The General has been a member of the National Guard 
of New Jersey for over thirty years. On June 1, 1870, he 
was enrolled as a private of Company E, Fourth Regi- 
ment, and was promoted through the various grades until 
he became Colonel on February 20, 1889. He was appointed 



BIOGRAPHIES. 375 

Brigadier General of the First Brigade, August 2, 1892. 
Governor Murpliy nominated him as Major General of 
Division, January 27, 1902, and he was confirmed by an 
unanimous vote of the Senate the following day. The Gen- 
eral is the successor of General Sewell, who died on De- 
cember 27, 1901. 



Adjutant-General. 
R. HEBER BREINTNALL, Newark. 

General Breintnall was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Aug- 
ust 18, 1843. In 1847 his family moved to Newark, N. J., 
where he has resided ever since. He was educated in the 
Newark Academy. The General is a member of Phil 
Kearny Post, No. 1, G. A. R., Department of New Jersey, 
and of the New York Commandery of the Lroyal Legion, 
and also of the Society of the Army of the Potomac. 

The General's military record is as follows: Appointed 
corporal. Company D, New Jersey Volunteer Militia, 
Pennsylvania Emergency, in the War of the Rebel- 
lion, on June 23, 1863, and was discharged August 1 of 
the same year at the expiration of his term of service. 
On September 30, 1864, he became a private in Company K, 
Thirty-ninth Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers; was ap- 
pointed regimental quartermaster-sergeant, October 11, 
1864, and was discharged June 17, 1865, at the close of the 
war. 

Returning to Newark he enlisted in the First Veteran 
Regiment, Newark Brigade, February 12, 1867, and re- 
ceived a warrant as commissary sergeant. He served in 
that capacity until August 10, 1881, when he was commis- 
sioned as Captain and Inspector of Rifle Practice of the 
First Regiment, National Guard. He held that position 
until January 6, 1886, when he was elected Major. He was 
commissioned as Lieutenant-Colonel June 17, 1893, and as 
Colonel May 28, 1902. He was commissioned as Brigadier 
General and Adjutant General, September 30, 1902, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of General Alexander C. Oli- 
phant. 

He was commissioned as Lieutenant-Colonel, First Regi- 
ment, infantry. New Jersey National Guard Volunteers, 
Spanish-American war, April 27, 1898, and was discharged 
November 4 of the same year. 

When the Newark regiment went to Camp Alger in 1898 
General Breintnall was second in command, and as the 



376 BIOGRAPHIES. 

command of the First Brigade, First Division, Second 
Army Corps, devolved on General Campbell, as the senior 
Colonel of the brigade, the care and conduct of the regi- 
ment was left to the Lieutenant-Colonel. His soldierly 
qualifications and the watchful care which he exercised 
over the men of the regiment won for him the commenda- 
tion of the brigade, division and corps commanders. 

He is a member of the Board of Managers of the New 
Jersey Home for Disabled Soldiers, located at Kearny, 
Hudson county, having been appointed to succeed the late 
General Richard A. Donnelly. 

The General is an expert rifleman. The records of the 
office of the Inspector-General of Rifle Practice show that 
he has qualified twenty-four times at Sea Girt as a marks- 
man and fourteen times as a sharpshooter, and four times 
as an expert, a distinction that comparatively few mem- 
bers of the Guard have attained. His salary is $2,500 a 
year. 



Quartermaster-General. 
C. EDWARD MURRAY, Trenton. 

General Murray was born in liambertville, N. J., July 
17th, 1SG3. He is tlie only son of J. Howard Murray and 
Wilhelmina Solliday Murray, and came to Trenton with 
his parents in 18ij5. He received his education at the State 
Model School and the Stewart Business College. In 1883 
he became associated with his father in the mechanical 
rubber manufacturing business. In 1892 he became sole 
proprietor of the business, and to-day has other large 
manufacturing interests. From boyhood he has taken a 
great deal of interest in affairs of the city of Trenton, as 
well as the Republican party, and in 1894 he was elected 
City Clerk, which office he kept until he declined re-elec- 
tion in 1904. In 1900 he represented the Second Congres- 
sional District as alternate to the National Republican 
Convention and in 1904 was elected a delegate to represent 
the Fourth Congressional District at the National Repub- 
lican Convention. 

His military career began with his enlistment in Com- 
pany A, Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., December 12, 1885. 
On June 30, 1890. the late Brigadier-General William H. 
Skirm, then Colonel of the Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., 
appointed him Paymaster of the Regiment with the rank 
of first lieutenant. On June 30, 1895, he was commissioned 



BIOGRAPHIES. 377 

Captain and Paymaster. On May 2, 1899, he was retired 
under the act reorganizing the National Guard. March 8, 
1905, Governor Edward C. Stokes appointed him Quarter- 
master-General, to succeed the late Brevet Major-General 
Richard A. Donnelly, and was commissioned Brigadier- 
General April 5, 190o. 

General Murray is one of the i)est known and most pop- 
ular amongr the public men of Trenton. He has distin- 
guished himself as a leader of his party and many of its 
victories in Trenton and Mercer county are mostly to his 
credit. He has a host of friends among people of all 
shades of political opinion, and as an employer of labor he 
stands high in the estimation of wage workers. 



Judge Advocate-Geaeral. 
EDWARD P. MEANY, Newark. 

Brigadier-General Meany of the National Guard, State 
of New Jersey, was born in 1854, of English and Irish an- 
cestry. He is a son of the late Judge Edward A. Meany 
of Louisville, Kentucky. His grandfather, Captain Henry 
Gould Shannon, settled at Louisville in 1810 and served 
through the War of 1812 and the Mexican War. His 
father. Judge Edward A. Meany, was for a number of 
years conspicuously identified with the jurisprudence of 
the South, filling an honored place upon the bench and 
having a brilliant career at the bar. 

Commodore Barry and Captain John Meany of Philadel- 
phia were also members of this family. 

General Meany was educated in Kentucky and was care- 
fully prepared for the practice of the profession which his 
father had adorned, and was admitted to the bar in 1878. 
He served for several years as an officer of the Kentucky 
State Guard. 

He is counsel for the American Telephone and Telegraph 
Company and holds several positions of prominence and 
confidence in that and its associate companies. In 1884 
he was vice-president of the New Mexico Central and 
Southern Railroad Company. He represented that com- 
pany in Mexico and Europe, and obtained from the Mexi- 
can Government the concession under which it operates 
in the Republic of Mexico. 

General Meany is a Democrat in politics and was a 
delegate from New Jersey to the Democratic National 



378 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Conventions of 1896 and 1900, at both of which conventions 
he earnestly supported the cause of sound money. In 1893 
he was appointed Judge Advocate-General of New Jersey, 
with the rank of Brigadier-General. In 1894 he was one 
of the Palisades Commissioners of the State of New Jer- 
sey. He has been a trustee and treasurer of the Newark, 
N. J., Free Public Library. General Meany married Miss 
Rosalie Behr, daughter of Peter Behr, Esq., of St. Louis, 
Missouri. 



Deputy Adjutant-General. 
JAMES S. KIGER, Trenton, N. J. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Salem, Salem 
county. New Jersey, August 18, 1842, and was educated in 
the private and public schools of his native city. At the 
age of thirteen years he became identified, as messenger, 
with a clothing house: subsequently as a clerk with a 
dry goods firm. At the beginning of the War of the Re- 
bellion, 1861, he enlisted in the Salem Light Artillery, 
militia, as a private, April 25, 1861, and was later war- 
ranted corporal and sergeant. On August 11, 1862, he en- 
listed as private, Co. A, Twelfth Regiment, infantry. New 
Jersey Volunteers, for three years, and was warranted 
sergeant. September 4, 1862; by reason of injuries received 
in the Antietam (Md.) campaign, Sept., '62, and of typhoid 
fever contracted in active service near Falmouth, Va., 
February, 1863, was transferred, June 6, 1863, to the Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps, and served as first sergeant, Co. K, 
Twenty-first Regiment, until July 6, 1865, when he was 
honorably discharged at the close of the war; October 18, 
1865, was appointed copyist in office of Clerk in Chancery. 
On May 1, 1867, he was appointed by the late General Wil- 
liam S. Stryker, Adjutant General, to a clerkship in his de- 
partment, and on January 1, 1890, received the appoint- 
ment of chief clerk. He rendered efficient service to Ad- 
jutant General William S. Stryker in compiling the roster 
of officers and men of New Jersey during the Revolution- 
ary war, issued in 1872; officers and men of New Jersey 
in Civil war, issued in 1876. At this date he is superintend- 
ing the preparation of data of othcers and men of New 
Jersey, from the earliest Colonial period, 163i3 to 1900. 

On May 23, 1881, he was commissioned Deputy Adjutant 
General, with rank of lieutenant-colonel; on May 16, 1906, 
Deputy Adjutant General, with rank of colonel, and is still 



BIOGRAPHIES. 379 

in commission. By an act of the Legislature of this state, 
approved March 10, 1880, the Adjutant General's office was 
directed to render all possible assistance to veterans or 
their dependents having unsettled claims before the dif- 
ferent departments of the general government. The duty 
was assigned to Colonel Kiger, who has since that time 
given this order his personal attention. 

Colonel Kiger served in the volunteer fire department of 
Trenton, from July, 1865, until April 2, 1892, the time of 
the merging of the same into the paid fire department; is 
a past grand of Fred D. Stuart Lodge, No. 154, I. O. O. F. ; 
past grand master and past grand representative. Grand 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; past master, Ashlar Lodge, No. 76, 
F. & A. M. ; past commander, Post 23, G. A. R. ; sir knight, 
Mercer Castle, No. 23, K. G. E. 

He has been one of the managers of McKinley Memorial 
Hospital since its organization, 1887, and is now president 
of the training class for nurses connected with that in- 
stitution. He has been a trustee of Pennington Seminary 
since March, 1882; is associated with the State Street M. 
E. Church, as an official, and with the Sunday school of 
said church as teacher of a senior Bible class. 



Clerk of the Supreme Court. 
WILLIAM RIKER. JR., Orange. 

Mr. Riker was born in Newark, N. J., January 14th, 1850. 
His father, William Riker, Sr., was for many years a suc- 
cessful manufacturing jeweler, and retiring from active 
business was succeeded by two of his sons, one of whom 
is the subject of this sketch. Mr. Riker completed his 
education in the Newark Academy, and thereupon engaged 
in the jewelry business with his father, afterwards becom- 
ing a partner, and later one of his successors, and is still 
engaged in that business. 

He was chosen as a delegate to the National Republican 
Conventions of 1884 and 1896; elected Alderman of the city 
of Orange in 1893 and Register of Deeds and Mortgages for 
Essex county in the same year. The latter office he re- 
signed before the completion of his term in order to accept 
the appointment by Governor Griggs as Clerk of the 
Supreme Court. He was re-appointed by Governor Mur- 
phy in 1902. 

He has served as member and Treasurer of the Essex 



380 BIOGRAPHIES. 

County Republican CommiUee for a number of years. He 
was chosen Treasurer of the Republican State Committee 
in 1898 and served six years. His salary is $6,000 a year, 
and his term of office, which is for five years, will expire 
on November 2. 1907. 



Clerk in Chancery. 

VIVIAN M. LEWIS, Paterson. 

Mr. Lewis was born June 8, 1869, at Paterson, N. J. He 
was educated in the public schools and studied law with 
his brother. Judge William I. Lewis, of Paterson. He 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney February 18, 1892, 
and as a counselor in June, 1897. Prior to his admission to 
the bar he did some newspaper work. He has since ac- 
quired a good practice at his profession. He has always 
taken an active part in politics, and soon after he reached 
his majority he stumped the State in the interest of the 
Republican party. In 1897 he was a candidate for the 
Assembly, and carried the primaries of his district; but 
the county convention split, and he was nominated by the 
delegates in a convention which was declared irregular, 
and declined the nomination. He was appointed Judge- 
Advocate of the old Second Regiment, National Guard, in 
July, 1896, and served until the reorganization of 1899, when 
he was placed on the retired list with the rank of Cap- 
tain. He was elected to the Assembly in 1898, '99 and 1900, 
and during his three years' service he was prominent in 
legislation and served on leading committees. He was 
elected City Counsel of Paterson in 1904 for a full term of 
office. He was appointed Clerk in Chancery to fill a 
vacancy caused by the resignation of Edward C. Stokes, 
who was elected Governor. He was nominated for a full 
term of office in 1905 by Governor Stokes and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. His salary is $6,000 and his term 
will expire in 1910. 



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

CHARLES J. BAXTER, Trenton. 

Mr. Baxter was born at Glen wood, Sussex county, N. J., 
on November 8th, 1841. He attended the district school 
there until he was twelve years of age, after which he 
went to work on his father's farm, continuing his studies 



BIOGRAPHIES. 381 

by himself and with the help of an uncle who had gradu- 
ated from Lafayette College and then lived on the next 
farm. On his eighteenth birthday he started his educa- 
tional work as a teacher in the district school at Frankfort 
Plains, N. J. After twelve years of teaching in several 
district schools, Mr. Baxter was appointed Principal of 
the Franklin Furnace District School. He gradually im- 
proved the condition of the school until it was converted 
into a High School, remaining in that position for thirteen 
years. After leaving Franklin Furnace, about eleven years 
ago, he moved to Plainfleld, where he became connected 
with the Provident Life and Trust Company, of Philadel- 
phia. 

In 1875 Mr. Baxter was nominated and renominated as 
County School Superintendent of Sussex county by the 
State Board of Education, but was rejected by the Demo- 
cratic Board of Freeholders because of his party affilia- 
tions. This started the agitation which resulted in that 
power being taken from the Board of Freeholders and 
given to the Board of Education. He was appointed to his 
present position by Governor Griggs on March 24th, 1896, as 
a successor to Addison B. Poland, who had resigned. Two 
days later Mr. Baxter was confirmed by the Senate for a 
full term of three years. In 1899 he was re-appointed for 
another term of three years, and in 1902 for a new term of 
five years. His salary is $5,000 a year. 



Keeper of the State Prison. 
GEORGE O. OSBORNE, Trenton. 

Mr. Osborne was born at Elmira, New York, June 24, 
1845. His great-great grandfather on his father's side came 
to this country from England about 1780 and located at 
New Fishkill, New York, where his grandfather, Jonah 
Osborne, was born in 1791, who served in the war of 1812 
and was wounded in the battle on Lake Ontario. At the 
close of the war he located near Elmira, N. Y., where Mr. 
Osborne's father was born in 1821. 

On his mother's side he is descended from Ezra Earil 
and his wife, Mary Sabin, one of the oldest families In 
New York State. The pioneers of the Earll family came 
to this country from England in 1639 and located on the 
ground where the city of Boston is now situated. The 



382 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Earll family are the present owners of Cromwell's Lake, 
New York, which has been in their possession since 1762. 

When three years of age the subject of this sketch 
moved with his father, Ira Osborne, now living at Athens, 
Pa., to Vanettenville, Chemong county, N. Y.. where he 
was educated. Mr. Osborne, Sr., enlisted in the Union 
Army when his son was about 17 years of age. After hi-3 
father had gone to the war Mr. Osborne ran away from 
home and enlisted twice, first in the Twelfth and after- 
wards in the One Hundred and Forty-first New York 
State Volunteers, but both times at the strong solicitation 
of his mother and through influence of friends, owing to 
his youth, he was discharged from the service and re- 
turned to his home, and then sent by his mother to a 
friend of the family, P. J. Powless, who had charge of the 
county institutions at Snake Hill, Hudson county, N. J. 
At this place he was employed as assistant to the super- 
intendent from January, 1863, to November, 1865, at which 
date he was appointed Warden of the Hudson County 
Almshouse, to which position he was re-elected for ten con- 
secutive years. Upon retiring from that office he engaged 
In the livery business in Jersey City, which he conducted 
from 1876 to 1880. Next he accepted the position of clerk at 
the Barge Ofllce in New York city, which position he held 
until April 22, 1882, when he was elected Warden of the 
City Hospital of Jersey City, a position he held until 1902, 
when he resigned to enter upon his duties as Keeper of 
the New Jersey State Prison, to which ofl[ice he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Franklin Murphy. 

Mr. Osborne was the first vice-president of the Columbia 
Building and Loan Association of Jersey City, and he is 
now serving his twelfth term as president of that corpora- 
tion. For a number of years he has served as trustee of 
the Emory Methodist Episcopal Church of Jersey City; 
he is a member of the Highland Lodge of Masons, Hugh 
Depayne Commandery, of Jersey City; Mecca Temple of 
the Shrine; Union League Club of Jersey City; also the 
Bergen Republican Club. 

He was nominated by Governor Murphy to the office of 
Keeper of the State Prison on March 5, 1902, to succeed 
Samuel S. Moore, and the nomination was confirmed by 
the Senate six days later. He entered upon his duties as 
State Prison Keeper March 18, 1902. The term is for five 
years and will expire March 18, 1907, and his salary is $3,500 
a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 383 

State Prison Supervisor. 

SAMUEL W. KTRKBRIDE, Asbury Park. 
Mr. Kirkbride was born May 30th, 1848, at Mt Holly, 
Burlington county, N. J., and is a contractor and builder. 
He spent his boyhood days in Mt. Holly, and received his 
education in the public schools of that place. At the age 
of fifteen years he enlisted in the Union army, to do bat- 
tle against the South, but was prevented by his family 
from ^oiniT to the front. Twice afterward he re-enlisted, 
but each time he was thwarted by his family. I'rom 1865 
to 1869 Mr. Kirkbride was variously employed— as a news- 
boy on trains of tha Pennsylvania Railroad Company, as 
clerk and as a carpenter's apprentice. Under his father 
he learned the trade of a carpenter, and so rapidly did he 
acquire a knowledge of the general work that in 1869 he 
was admitted into partnership with his father. He re- 
mained a member of the firm until 1871. He then began 
business on his own account, and in 1877 he formed a 
partnership with Joseph B. Kirkbride. A year later they 
engaged in business in Asbury Park, where they built 
several large hotels. He was a member of the Neptune 
Township Committee from 1884 to 1S90, member of the 
Board of Health for five years. Township Treasurer for 
three years, member of the Board of Education for six 
years, and member of Common Council of Asbury Park 
for ten years and President of the latter body in 1898. He 
served as a member of the House of Assembly in 1900 and 
1901 and was assigned to important committees. Mr. 
Kirkbride was nominated by Governor Stokes to the office 
of Supervisor of the State Prison on February 20, 1906, and 
was unaimously confirmed by the Senate on March 5th. 
He has always been a steadfast Republican. His term is 
three years and salary $3,000. 



State Librarian. 

HENRY C. BUCHANAN, Trenton. 

Mr. Buchanan was born in Falls township. Pa., within a 
few miles of Trenton, March 7th, 1851. His father was 
"William Buchanan, who came to this country from Scot- 
land in 1842, when a young man. The State Librarian 
attended the public schools in his native place until he was 
about eleven years of age, when he entered the Trenton 



384 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Academy. When thirteen years old he left school and 
learned the printer's trade, at which he was employed 
until January 1, 1882, when he became proofreader and 
news editor of the Trenton State Gazette, where he re- 
mained until his appointment as State Librarian. 

Besides being city and news editor on the Gazette, Mr. 
Buchanan, for sixteen years, was the Trenton corre- 
spondent of the Paterson Press, and for five years he acted 
in a like capacity for the New York Sun. He was for 
several years also the Trenton correspondent of the Phila- 
delphia Inquirer. On February 1st, 1899, he received his 
commission as State Librarian as successor to Morris R. 
Hamilton, for a term of five years, at a salary of $2,000 a 
year. In 1904 he was appointed for another term of five 
years. 



Commissioner of Banking- and Insurance. 
DAVID O. WATKINS. Woodbury. 

Mr. Watkins v/as born at "Woodbury, N. J., June 8th, 
1S62. He worked on a farm in his neighborhood, studied 
law at night time and was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at the November term of the New Jersey Supreme 
Court, in 1893, and as a counselor at the February Term 
1897. He was Mayor of Woodbury for four terms of one 
year each, from 1886 to 1890. He was Councilman from the 
Third Ward of Woodbury from 1892 to 1895, when he was 
re-elected and served until 1898. He was elected President 
of the City Council in March, 1895, again in 1896, and again 
in 1897. He has served for some time as Solicitor of the 
city of Woodbury, and counsel to the Board of Freeholders 
for Gloucester county. He was elected to the State Assem- 
bly in 1896 by a plurality of 1862, the largest ever given a 
candidate for public office in Gloucester. He was re-elected 
in 1897 and 1898. 

Mr. Watkins served as Speaker of the House of Assembly 
in 1898 and 1899, when he made a record for dignity, upright- 
ness and impartiality which has been seldom equalled in 
the Legislature of New Jersey. At the close of the session 
of 1898 he was presented on behalf of the members with a 
suitable testimonial in recognition of his worth, and the 
phrase, "As fair as Watkins" there and then originated to 
be handed down as an example for future occupants of 
the chair. And at the close of the session of 1899 he was 
paid a similar compliment. On both occasions the Demo- 



BIOGRAPHIES. Sfe 

cratic minority vied with the Republican majority in be- 
stowing the meed of praise. 

Speaker Watkins became Acting Governor of the State 
on October 18th, 1898. That office had been held by Presi- 
dent of the Senate Voorhees from January 31st, that year, 
and until the date mentioned, when his resignation as Sen- 
ator from Union county was "i)resented and filed, thus cre- 
ating a vacancy also in the higher office, which was at 
once filled by the Speaker of the House, in accordance with 
the requirements of the Constitution of the State. The 
vacancy in the office of Governor in the first place was 
caused by the resignation of John W. Griggs, the then 
incumbent, that he might accept the position of Attorney- 
General of the United States, In his new sphere of duties 
Mr. Watkins gave eminent satisfaction, and he served in 
the office until January 16th, 1899, when Foster M. Voor- 
hees was sworn in as Governor for a term of three years. 

Mr. Watkins was appointed United States Attorney for 
the District of New Jersey in February, 1900, for a full term 
of four years, but resigned that office in March, 1903. He 
was nominated by Governor Murphy on March 10, 1903, to 
his present office and was unanimously confirmed by' the 
Senate, two days later, for a full term of four years. He 
succeeded William Settle, who held the office for eight 
years. His salary is $6,000 a year, and his term will ex- 
pire Anril 2, 1907. In 1904 he was elected a member of the 
State Republican Committee from Gloucester county. 



Chief of the Bureau of Labor and Statistics. 
WINTON C. GARRISON, Newark. 

Mr. Garrison is a native Jerseyman, having been born 
April 3, 1850, in that section of Newark known as the "Old 
Ninth Ward." 

He was among the first pupils that attended the Chest- 
nut Street School. After finishing his studies in that in- 
stitution he took the High School course, at the conclusion 
of which he entered the employ of a woolen house in New 
York. This was in 1866, and four years later he embarked 
in business for himself. Mr. Garrison carried on business 
successfully for thirty-one years, when, having amassed 
a moderate competence, he retired from active participa- 
tion in trade matters. 

Mr. Garrison early manifested that interest in public 
25 



386 BIOGRAPHIES. 

affairs which has made him one of the best-known men 
in Newark, where he resides, but not until 1895, when he 
entered the City Council as the representative of the 
Eighth ward, did he hold a public office of any kind. He 
remained four years, or from 1895 to 1899, in the City Cotm- 
cil, and during his last year of service was the recognized 
leader of his party in that body. He left the Council with 
the reputation of being one of the most painstaking and 
efficient members that had ever taken part in its delibera- 
tions. 

The next position of responsibility and trust held by Mr. 
Garrison was membership in the Board of Street and 
Water Commissioners of Newark, to which office he was 
elected in 1900 for a term of three years. As a Commis- 
sioner Mr. Garrison is fairly entitled to a large share of 
the credit due the Board for many improvements, some 
already realized and others assured, in the lines of public 
service that came under its authority, chief among them 
being the elevation of the tracks of the Pennsylvania, Cen- 
tral, and D. L. & W. railroads; the settlement of the water 
supply contract, and the burying underground of electric 
light and trolley wires. While a Street and Water Com- 
missioner Mr. Garrison was offered and urged to accept 
a position on the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission, 
but declined on the broad ground that the people had 
elected him to serve three years in the Street and Water 
Board and that a relinquishment of his office before com- 
pleting that term would be a breach of the contract which 
he regarded as morally existing between himself and 
them. He therefore served out his full term as a Street 
and Water Commissioner, during the last year of which 
he enjoyed the distinction of being President of the Board. 

On April 4, 1903. or immediately after the end of his 
service in the capacity last referred to, Mr. Garrison as- 
sumed the office of Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, hav- 
ing been appointed to that position by Governor Murphy 
to succeed William Stainsby. The office is one of re- 
sponsibility and importance because of the relations which 
exist between it and the great Industrial interests of the 
state. The term is five years and the salary $2,500 per 
annum. 

Mr. Garrison is a member of Northern Lodge, No. 25, 
F. & A. M. ; Royal Arcanum, North End Club, a governor 
of Northern Republican Club, and director in the Eighth 
Ward and the Post Office Building and Loan associations. 
In 1904 he was elected treasurer of the State Republican 
Com.mittee. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 387 

State of Board of Assessors. 
DAVID BAIRD, President, Camden. 

Mr. Baird was born in Ireland, April 7th, 1839. When a 
lad he came to the United States, and in 1859 located in the 
city of Camden, which since has been his place of resi- 
dence. Mr. Baird is pre-eminently a self-made man. Com- 
mencing life in this country in a very humble way, he is 
to-day, and has been for some years, one of the foremost 
business men of his section of New Jersey, being extens- 
ively engaged in the business of handling spars, timber, 
piling, etc., in the city of Camden as well as being largely 
interested in lumber operations in other parts of the 
country. 

For the past thirty years Mr. Baird has been so closely 
identified with the politics of Camden city and county that 
the history of one would almost seem to be the history of 
the other. In 1874 he was elected a member of the Board 
of Chosen Freeholders, and was re-elected for and seized 
four consecutive terms, during which period he was a 
member of some of the most important committees. In 
the fall of 1887 he was nominated and elected Sheriff of 
Camden county, at a time when, through existing condi- 
tions, nothing but the personal popularity of David Baird 
secured to the county a Republican Sheriff. And again 
he was elected to the same office in 189fi, by the largest 
majority ever given any candidate for any office in the 
county. He was a delegate from New Jersey to the Re- 
publican National Convention of 1892, held at Minneapolis. 
He was chosen a Presidential Elector in ISOO, when he cast 
his vote for McKinley and Roosevelt. For a number of 
years he has represented Camden county on the Republi- 
can State Committee and as a member of the Executive 
Committee of that body. 

He was appointed a member of the State Board of As- 
sessors by Governor "Werts in 1895, for a term of four years, 
and served as such for one year and six months, when 
he resigned the office to become Sheriff of Camden county. 
In 1901 he was again appointed a member of the same 
State Board, by Governor Voorhees, for a term of four 
years, beginning in May of that year, and in 1905 he was 
."?iven another term by Governor Stokes. His term will 
expire in 1909. 



388 BIOGRAPHIES. 

STEPHEN J. MEEKER, Newark. 

Mr. Meeker was born in Newark, N. J., March 17th, 1843, 
where he has always lived. He received a common school 
education, and after a year's service in the counting-room 
of a large hardware house in New York city, William 
Bryce & Co., he learned the foundry business with his 
father, David M. Meeker joining him in partnership in 1873; 
and -upon his father's death succeeded to the business. 

He comes of a strong Democratic family. He never held 
public office until appointed a Commissioner to the World's 
Fair, at Chicago, by Governor Abbett, March 31st, 1891. 
He was one of the Temporary Essex County Park Com- 
missioners, selected by Judge Depue, and was re-appointed 
by him on the present Commission. Governor Griggs ap- 
pointed him on the State Board of Assessors, to succeed 
Colonel A. R. Kuser, and he was confirmed by the Senate 
on March 3d, 1896, for a full term of four years. In 1900 he 
was appointed for another full term by Governor Voor- 
hees, and in 1904 he wa.s reappointed by Governor Murphy. 
His term will expire March 10th, 1908. 

THEODORE STRONG, New Brunswick. 
Mr. Strong was born at New Brunswick, N. J,, January 
15th, 1863, and is a lawyer by profession. He was gradu- 
ated from Rutgers College in 1883, studied law with the 
firm of Woodbridge Strong & Sons, and was admitted to 
the bar in 1886 and became a member of the foregoing 
firm, which was dissolved when Woodbridge Strong was 
appointed County Judge of Middlesex in 1896. Then he 
formed a co-partnership with his brother, Alan H. Strong, 
which has continued ever since. Mr. Strong was County 
Solicitor for Middlesex from May, 1895, to May, 1897. He 
was elected to the Senate in 1900 by a plurality of 2,072 
over James H. Van Cleef, his predecessor in office. After 
serving nearly a full term of three years he resigned that 
office to accept his present position, to which he was 
nominated by Governor Murphy on April 1st, 1903, and 
was at once confirmed by the Senate. As a member of 
this Board he succeeded John C. Rankin, Jr., who died 
March 20, 1903. He was appointed for a full term of four 
years, which will expire in 1907. 

ECKARD P. BUDD, Mount Holly. 
Mr. Budd was born in Medford, Burlington county, New 
Jersey, November 3d, 1861. He moved to Mount Holly 
with his parents In 1862. and has since resided there. In 



BIOCJRAPHIES. 389 

February, 1886, Mr. Budd was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at law, and four years later w^as made a coun- 
selor. He served as Prosecutor of the Pleas of Burlington 
county from 1890 to 1900, having been appointed in 1890 
by Governor Abbett, and reappointed in 1895 by Gov- 
ernor Werts. For a number of years he represented 
Burlington county on the Democratic State Committee. 
He was appoi\ited a member of the State Board of 
Assessors by Governor Murphy in March, 1904. for a full 
term of four years. His term will expire March 7th, 1908. 

IRVINE E. MAGUIRE, Secretary, Palmyra. 

Mr. Maguire was born in Camden, N. J., on January 22d, 
1853, in which city he lived continuously until 1886, when he 
removed to his present residence at Palmyra, Burlington 
county. He received his education in the public schools 
of Camden and Philadelphia, and in 1868, at the age of fif- 
teen years, entered the counting-room of Alexander G. 
Cattell & Co.. then the largest grain exporting house in 
the city of , Philadelphia, and of which firm the late ex^- 
United States Senator Alexander G. Cattell was the senior 
member. Mr. Maguire remained in the service of the 
Messrs. Cattell until the year 1884, rising from the position 
of office boy to that of cashier and chief bookkeeper. In 
the latter year, shortly after the organization of the State 
Board of Assessors, he was appointed Assistant Secretary 
of that Board, and placed in charge particularly of the 
figures and accounting of the department. He was elected 
Secretary of the Board June 18th, 1895. 



State Board of Equalization of Taxes. 

[This Board takes the place of the old State Board of 
Taxation and was created by an act of the Legislature 
approved March 29, 1905. Term of office, five years; salary 
of President, $5,000; of associate members, $3,500.] 

CARL LENTZ, Newark. 

Major Lentz was born at Bamberg, Bavaria, July 1st, 
1845, and came to the United States at an early age. "When 
only sixteen he enlisted in the First Connecticut Cavalry 
Volunteers, First Brigade, Third Division, Cavalry Corps. 
From private he became a non-commissioned officer, and 
after the battle of the Wilderness he was promoted. In 



3^0 BIOGRAPHIES. 

May, 1864, to a lieutenancy. In one of the cavalry fights, 
which took place July 12th, 1864, in the vicinity of Wash- 
ington, D. C, during the invasion of Early, he lost his 
right arm, and thus disabled he was mustered out of service 
December 24th, 1864. As soon as he had sufficiently recov- 
ered from the effects of his wounds he entered Columbia 
University, Washington, D. C, and was graduated there- 
from in 1869. Subsequently he became a student in the law 
department of the same university, and in 1873 received the 
degree of LL. B. In November of the latter year he was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey, and soon afterward 
settled in Newark, where he began the practice of his pro- 
fession. He has always been an active Republican, and 
he has served as Chairman of the Essex County Republican 
Committee for several years. He was appointed a member 
of the State Board of Taxation by Governor Griggs, for a 
full term of five years, on February 18th, 1896, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate on March 3d following. He was re- 
appointed by Governor Voorhees in 1901 and by Governor 
Murphy in 190< He was also appointed a member of 
"The Equal Tax Commission." 

On March 30, 1905, the Major was nominated by Gov- 
ernor Stokes as President of the new Board for a term of 
five years, and he was at once confirmed by the Senate. 
His salary is $5,000 a year. 

EDWARD AMBLER ARMSTRONG, Camden. 

Mr. Armstrong was born at Woodstown, Salem county, 
N. J., December 28, 1858, and removed to Camden in 1875, 
and is a lawyer by profession, having been admitted to 
the bar at the February term, 1880. He served as an 
Assemblyman from Camden county four years— 1884, '85, '86 
and 87, and was Speaker of the House in '85 and '86. He 
discharged the duties of that office in a very satisfactory 
manner. He served as Judge of the Camden City District 
Court from 1888 to 1901; as Ju^ge- Advocate, Sixth Regi- 
ment Staff, N. G. N. J., with rank of Captain, 1886 to 1893; 
as Judge-Advocate on the Second Brigade Staff, with 
rank of Major, under the commands of Generals Sewell 
and Cooper, 189:j to 1902, when he resigned. He was Presi- 
dent Judge of the Camden County Court of Common Pleas 
from 1897 to 1902. 

On March 30, 1905, Governor Stokes nominated Mr. Arm- 
strong as a member of the State Board of Equalization 
of Taxes, and the nomination was at once confirmed by 



BIOGRAPHIES. 391 

the Senate. His term will expire fn 1909, having drawn the 
four-year lot, and his salary is $3,500 a year. 

CHARLES C. BLACK, Jersey City. 

Mr. Black was born on a farm in Burlington county, near 
Mount Holly, N. J., on July 29th, 1858. He was prepared 
for college at the Mount Holly Academy, and entered 
Princeton College in 1874, being graduated with the class 
of '78. He studied law at Mount Holly, N. J., and at 
the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. He was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney in June, 1881, 
and as a counselor in June, 1884. After being admitted to 
the bar he located at Jersey City, and has practiced law 
there ever since. He is a member of the law firm of Black 
and Dayton. 

He served for five years as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Registration under the Ballot Reform 
Law. He was appointed as a member of the State Board 
of Taxation on March 21st, 1891, for a term of five years, 
was re-appointed for another term in 1896, and again in 
1901. He was again appointed in 1904 for a term of five 
years. Mr. Black has made valuable additions to the 
literature of the law in his "Proof and Pleadings in Acci- 
dent Cases," "New Jersey Law of Taxation" and "Law 
and Practice in Accident Cases." Mr. Black was the 
Democratic candidate for Governor in 1904. He was ap- 
pointed a member of "The Equal Tax Commission" by 
Governor Murphy. Governor Stokes nominated him on 
March 30, 1905, as a member of the new Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes, and he was at once confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. His terrri will expire in 1908, having drawn the three- 
year lot, and his salary is $3,500. 

HENRY J. IRICK, Vincentown. 

Mr. Trick is a son of General John Stockton and Emeline 
S. Irick and was born on March 13, 1833, near Vincentown, 
N. J., being the oldest of eight children. At an early age 
he was sent to a primary school, with an attendant to 
care for him, and at the age of twelve years he entered 
an academical school at Norristown, Pa., under the care 
of Rev. Samuel Aaron, a co-laborer of Burleigh, Giddings, 
Lucretia Mott, Wendell Philips and other anti-slavery 
champions. During his five years under Mr. Aaron he 
imbibed the political doctrines which made it So easy for 
him to join the ranks of Republicanism, carrying with 



392 BIOGRAPHIES. 

him. however, the old Whig protection ideas. of his ances- 
tors, which became a part of the fundamental principles 
of the great political party to which he has ever borne 
true allegiance. 

At the early age of seventeen years he undertook the 
overseeing of large farming and timber interests. In 1863 
he was elected to the House of Assembly from Burlington 
county and was twice re-elected. In 1865 the House was 
a tie, when he and Mr. Fisher, on the part of the Repub- 
licans, and Messrs. Abbett and Culver, on the part of the 
Democrats, were appointed a Special Committee on Or- 
ganization. During the struggle for leadership Colonel 
Fowler, a Democratic member, died, when Mr. Irick had 
a resolution adopted requiring the vote of thirty-one mem- 
bers to organize the House. This action was so eminently 
fair that Mr. Irick earned great esteem from both sides of 
the House. Joseph T. Crowell, of Union, was subsequently 
elected Speaker. In 1870 Mr, Irick was elected to the 
Senate and served a term of three years. In 1873 he would 
have been elected President of the Senate but for the 
treachery of one whose political career he had done so 
much to promote. During his service as Senator he took 
a very active part in legislation, especially during the last 
year of his term^ when there was great excitement over 
railroad matters. He served on the most important com- 
mittees and was Chairman of the Republican Caucus dur- 
ing his term of office. He was the author of the bill 
allowing the New Jersey Volunteers the right to vote in 
the field, and of other bills furthering the cause of edu- 
cation. About fifteen years ago he succeeded Judge Clem- 
ent as president of the Council Proprietors of West Jer- 
sey, the oldest corporation in the United States. 

When his senatorial term closed he moved upon the old 
homestead, farmed its broad acres, and continued his pro- 
fession as a land surveyor until the present time. He has 
always taken an active interest in politics and has ever 
been an unswerving supporter of the Republican party. 
Mr. Irick has always extended a helping hand to those in 
distress and feels that he has been amply paid for his 
charities. He is still hale and hearty and is engaged in 
active business pursuits. He is connected with the Great 
Interstate Fair Association and the Mount Holly Agricul- 
tural Fair. He has presided over more grand juries and 
political conventions than any living Jerseyman. 

Mr. Irick was nominated as a member of the Board of 
Equalization of Taxes by Governor Stokes on March 30, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 393 

1905, and was at once confirmed by the Senate. He had 
not sought the office. His term will expire in 1907, having 
drawn the two-year lot, and his salary is $3,500 a year. 

THEODORE SIMONSON, Newton. 

Mr. Simonson was born at Vernon, Sussex county, N. J., 
April 26, 1848. He has always lived in Sussex county and 
his ancestors for four generations were also residents of 
the county. On March 10, 1881, he was married to Fanny 
Townsend, a daughter of ex-Judge Townsend and a sister 
of the late Mrs. Henry C. Kelsey. He is a lawyer by pro- 
fession. He was admitted to the bar as an attorney at 
the February term, 1876, and as a counselor at the Feb- 
ruary term, 1883. He has always practiced law in Sussex 
county, his office being at Newton. He was Prosecutor of 
the Pleas of Sussex county for fifteen years, having been 
first appointed by Governor Lrudlow on March 7, 1883, was 
re-appointed by Governor Green on M&rch 29, 1888, and the 
third time by Governor Werts. on March 29, 1893. In 1892 
he was a Presidential Elector for New Jersey and voted 
for Cleveland and Stevenson. Mr. Simonson served as 
attorney for Sussex county under an appointment by the 
Board of Freeholders. He is now vice-president of the 
Sussex National Bank and president of the Newton Li- 
brary Association. Governor Stokes nominated him as a 
member of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes on 
March 30, 1905, and he was at once confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. He was nominated and confirmed for a full term of 
five years in 1906. His salary is $3,500 a year. 

FREDERICK R. LEHDBACH, Clerk, Newark. 

Mr. Lehlbach was born in New York city on January 31, 
1876. Upon the death of his father in 1884 he moved to 
Newark, where he has since resided. He attended the 
public schools of Newark and went from, the High School 
to Yale University, graduating therefrom in the class of 
1897, He then studied law in the New York Lraw School 
and was admitted to the New Jersey Bar in February, 
1899, and has practiced his profession in Newark since. 
Mr. Lehlbach has been an active worker for the success 
of the Republican party since attaining his majority and 
is a member of the Essex County Republican Committee. 
In 1899 he was elected a member of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Newark from the Third ward by a majority of 
121, although the ward gave a Democratic majority for 



394 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mayor and Alderman. He served three years as an As- 
semblyman from Essex county in 1903-04-05. During his 
term he took an active part in legislation. Upon the or- 
ganization of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes he 
was appointed Clerk for a term of five years. His salary 
is $2,500 a year with expenses paid by the State. 



Commissioner Department of Labor. 

LEWIS T. BRYANT, Atlantic City. 

Colonel Bryant- was born in J'jiy, 1874, in Atlantic 
county, N. J. He was graduated irom the Pennsylvania 
Military College at Chester, Pa., A^ith the degree of civil 
engineer; was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 1898; 
mustered into the United Siatcs Volunteer Army as Cap- 
tain of Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry July 14th; promoted to Major in the same regi- 
ment in the spring of 1899, and was made Assistant In- 
spector General of the National Guard of New Jersey, 
with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, in the spring of 1899, 
which position he stills holds. On January 8th, 1904, the 
Colonel was appointed Inspector of Factories and Work 
shops, to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of John 
C. Ward. The title of the office was changed to that of 
Commissioner of Department of Labor by an act of the 
Legislature, and on March 24th, 1904, the Colonel was ap- 
pointed as such by Governor Murphy, and was confirmed 
by the Senate on the next day for a term of three years, 
at $2,500 a year. The Colonel served as secretary of the 
New Jersey Commission, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 
from December 9th, 1903, until the end. He is identified 
with the hotel interests in Atlantic City. His term is five 
years. He is Secretarj' of the Jamefitown Exposition 
Commission. 



Assistant Commissioner Deparbment of Labor. 

JOHN I. HOLT, Paterson. 

Mr. Holt was born at Hawthorn, a suburb of Paterson, 
December 4, 1851, and is a watchmaker by trade. For 
nearly twenty-five years he carried on the business as a 
dealer in clocks, watches, &c., in the city of Paterson. 
He served as a member of the Board of Education for six 



BIOGRAPHIES. 39o 

years and was president of that body during the last two 
years of his term. In 1885 he was elected Alderman from 
the Fii-st ward and was re-elected in 1887. In 1888 he was 
president of the Board. Mr. Holt was an Assemblyman 
from Passaic county in 1889 and 1893 and '94. He served as 
Speaker in the latter year, and at the close of the session 
he resigned so as to qualify himself for Riparian Com- 
missioner, in which office he served for five years. He 
was appointed Assistant Commissioner of the Labor De- 
partment in 1905, and his salary is $1,500 a year. 



Custodian of tbe Capitol. 

JOHN W. WESEMAN, Newark. 

Mr. Weseman was born in Germany (his father being g 
citizen of the United States at the time) in 1861. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools and business 
colleges of Newark. For fourteen years he conducted a 
grocery store in that city, which he has relinquished that 
he might devote his whole time to the duties of his present 
position. At the November election in 1896 he was elected 
a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Essex 
county from the Fourth Ward of Newark, for a term of 
two years. In 1898 he was elected a member of the House 
of Assembly by a plurality of 5,607, and the year following 
he was re-elected by a plurality of 7,068. While in the 
Assembly he served on some of the most important com- 
mittees. He was appointed Custodian of the Capitol in 
July, 1901, by the State House Commission, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of John H. Bonnell, which 
occurred on June 7th of that year. Mr. Weseman has 
always been a steadfast Republican and a hard worker 
for the success of his party. His salary is $2,500 a year. 



Commissioner of Public Roads. 

ELIJAH C. HUTCHINSON, lYenton. 

Commissioner Hutchinson was born at Windsor, Mercer 
county, N. J., August 7. 1855, and is a merchant miller, 
being the head of the Hutchinson Milling Co. Before 
his election to the House of Assembly, in 1895, the only 
public office he ever held was that of Township Clerk, 
which he filled for three years. He has been treasurer of 



396 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the Trenton Bone and Fertilizer Company since its organ- 
ization in July, 1889, and its manager since 1892. He is a 
director of the Interstate Fair Association, and was its 
first treasurer, having served three years in that position. 
His firm does a large business with their flour mill and 
grain elevator, which are situated in Hamilton township, 
and also in a flour mill in Trenton. He was elected to 
the Assembly in 1895 by a plurality of 3,273 over McGal- 
liard, Democrat, and in 1896 by 7,736 over Gill, Democrat. 
In 1898 he was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 1,461 
over his Democratic opponent, Bayard Stockton, and in 
1901 he was re-elected by the increased plurality of 1,904 
over former Judge Robert S. Woodruff, the Democratic 
candidate. 

During his career in the Legislature Mr. Hutchinson 
always took an active interest in matters that came up 
for legislation, and ever was alert for the promotion of 
the welfare of the people of the State, and more particu- 
larly that of his own constituency. In the session of 1903 
he was President of the Senate, when he discharged the 
duties of that office with marked ability and impartiality. 
He was complimented at the close of the session by his 
colleagues for his record as a presiding officer, the leader 
of the Democratic minority presenting a resolution ex- 
pressing the fullest approbation of the Senate of the man- 
ner in which he had presided over its deliberations, and 
which was unanimously adopted. 

On January 23, 1905, Governor Stokes nominated Mr. 
Hutchinson to the office of State Road Commissioner to 
fill a vacancy caused by the death of Henry I. Budd, arid 
he was at once confirmed by the Senate for a term of 
three years. Two days later he took the oath of office. 
His salary is $5,000 a year. 



Department of Charities and Corrections. 

REV. GEORGE WIGHT, D. D., Commissioner, Trenton. 

Dr. Wight was born in Randolph, Mass., a suburb of 
Boston, October 14, 1841. In 1858 his parents removed to 
New York city, where he was educated in the" public 
schools and in the College of the City of New York. In 
1859 he moved to New Brunswick, N. J., near which city 
he taught school until the breaking out of the Civil War, 
when he enlisted in Company G of the First Regiment, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 397 

New Jersey Volunteers, May, 1861. In 1863 he was com- 
missioned lieutenant in the same regiment, serving in the 
Army of the Potomac from the first battle ot Bull Run to 
the battle of Salem Church, near Chancellorville, in 1863, 
where he was wounded, captured and sent to Libby Prison 
in Richmond. After two months in Lribby he was ex- 
changed and returned to his regiment, but was discharged 
for physical disability in 1864. In 1865 he entered the min- 
istry of the Methodist Episcopal Church, occupying the 
leading pulpits of that denomination in New Jersey. 
While pastor, he was appointed County Superintendent of 
Public Schools of Atlantic county, which office he filled 
for five years. On April 22, 1905, Governor Stokes ap- 
pointed him Commissioner of Charities and Corrections. 
In 1906 he was appointed for a full term of oflice and con- 
firmed by the Senate. His term of office is three years 
and salary $3,000. 



Assistant Commissioner, Charities and Corrections. 

GEORGE E. POOLE, Trenton. 

Mr. Poole was born in Newark, N. J., October 21, 1869, 
and is an architect. He formerly lived at Chatham, Mor- 
ris county, where he took an active part in politics. He 
was Collector of" Chatham township from 1894 to 1897; was 
a member of the Board of Education from 1895 to 1899, 
and Treasurer of Chatham borough from 1897 to 1899. He 
was a membei' of the Assembly from Morris county in 
1898 and '99, and in 1901 and '02 was Assistant Clerk of the 
Assembly. He served as Superintendent of Construction 
of the new Senate Chamber in 1903 and as Assistant Com- 
missioner of the Labor Department in 1904 and 1905. He 
was appointed to his present oflice in April, 1905. His sal- 
ary is $2,500. 



Secretary to the Governor. 
EDWARD W. GRAY, Trenton. 

Mr. Gray was born in Jersey City, N. J., Aug- 
ust 18, 1870. He is a newspaper man of wide expe- 
rience. After serving as a reporter on New York 
papers, he took a position on the Newark Daily 
Advertiser, where he remained six years, the last 
two of which he was general manager of the paper. He 



398 BIOGRAPHIES. 

served as manager of the literary bureau of the Repub- 
lican State Committee in 1904. He is a member of the 
Board of Tenement House Supervision of the State. Mr. 
Gray has many of the elements of popularity. He makes 
friends readily, is genial and diplomatic and has a keen 
sense of humor. He has the reputation of being a clever 
debater and public speaker, shining especially in post- 
prandial oratory. He is married, his wife having been 
Miss Altha Hay, daughter of Mr. Robert Hay, of Sum- 
mit, N. J. 



Executive Clerk. 
EDWARD D. FOX, Trenton. 

Mr. Fox. better known as Eddie Fox, for the last forty 
years has the proud distinction of having served in 
the position he now holds as Executive Clerk, with four- 
teen consecutive Governors and four Acting Governors, 
beginning with Marcus L. Ward and continuing with Gov- 
ernors Randolph, Parker, Bedle, McClellan, Ludlow, Ab- 
bett. Green, Abbett (second term), Werts, Griggs, Voor- 
hees, Murphy and Stokes, and with Acting Governors 
Voorhees. Watkins, Johnson and Wakelee. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War Mr. Fox, at an early 
age, went forward in defense of his countrS^, with the Fifth 
Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers, as a drummer boy. 
While at the front he made the acquaintance of Marcus 
L. Ward, who took a great interest in New Jersey's soldier 
boys and was known by them as the "soldiers' friend." He 
made his regular visits to the camps, no matter where 
they might be, and on one of these occasions he took a 
great liking to Fox, having had his attention drawn toward 
him by the officers of the regiment on account of his being 
small of stature and an expert drummer. 

At the end of the Rebellion, on the election of Governor 
Ward, Mr. Fox was offered and accepted the position 
which he still holds. He was a great favorite with the 
officers of his regiment, as he has been with each and all 
of the Governors; so much so that at the end of the terms 
of six Governors they presented him with a beautiful gold 
watch and chain, in recognition of his long and faithful 
services. 

Mr. Fox, by his long experience, has the routine duties 
of the Executive Office at his fingers' ends. His recollec- 



BIOGRAPHfES. 399 

tion of various incidents connected with the different ad- 
ministrations with which he has been connected are in- 
teresting and numerous enough to fill a book. Many of 
his valued friends are dead, among whom are nine of the 
Governors with whom he served. Not a State officer is 
living now who held position when he first assumed his 
duties; neither is there a Judge of the Supreme Court or 
of the Court of Errors alive to-day who then occupied 
those offices. Former Chief Justice Depue was appointed 
a Supreme Court Justice about six months after Mr. Fox's 
appointment. The Chief Justice was the last survivor of 
Governor Ward's appointments, with the exception of Mr. 
Fox. 

The affable manner and the courtesy which Mr. Fox has 
exhibited toward all who visit the Governor's office have 
won for him many friends, and it is safe to say that he 
knows and is known by more of New Jersey's public men 
than any other person in the State. 



400 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 



1907. 

(With the advice and consent of the Senate.) 

Justice of the Supreme Court— Thomas W. Trenchard, 
ad interim. 

Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals— Garret D. W. 
Vroom. 

Circuit Court Judges— Benjamin A. Vail, Frank T. 
Lloyd, both ad interim. 

District Court— Camden, Martin V. Bergen; Plainfleld, 
William Newcorn, ad interim; Hoboken, Frederick J. 
Stuhr, ad interim; Elizabeth, C. Addison Swift, ad interim. 

County Judges— Camden, Charles V. D. Joline; Glouces- 
ter, John S. Jessup; Ocean, Albert C. Martin; Passaic, 
Francis Scott; Cumberland, vacancy; Hunterdon, John L. 
Connett, ad interim; Union, Edward S. Atwater, ad 
interim; Burlington, vice Gaskill, resigned. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas— Ocean, Thomas J. R. Brown; 
Sussex, Henry Huston; Camden, Henry S. Scovel, ad in- 
terim. 

Secretary of State— Samuel D. Dickinson. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court— William Riker. 

State Board of Education— Edmund Wilson, Charles E. 
Surdam, Edward Russ, T. O'Connor Sloane. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction— Charles J. Baxter. 

Public Library Commissioner— Dr. E. C. Richardson. 

State Board of Assessors— Theodore Strong. 

Board of Equalization of Taxes— Henry J. Irick. 

State Board of Arbitration— Five members. 

State Prison Keeper— George O. Osborne. 

Commissioner Department of Labor— Lewis T. Bryant. 

New Jersey Reformatory— Percy R. Pyne, Decatur M. 
Sawyer. 

State Home for Boys— Gervas Ely. Frank M. Donohoe. 

State Home for Girls— Mrs. Frederick T. Johnson, Dr. 
Magena D. Hart, Thomas B. Holmes, 

State Hospital, Morris Plams— David St. John, John A. 
McBride, John T. Gillson. 

State Hospital, Trenton— Cornelius S. Hoffman, J. Bay- 
ard Kirkpatrick, Peter J. Rafferty, Luther M. Halsey, L. 
A. D. Allen. 

State Villase for Epileptics— Theodore Foote, Harry 
A. Smith, vacancy vice Fox, resigned. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 401 

State Board of Medical Examiners— Armin Uebelacker, 
W. Perry Watson, William H. Shipps. 

State Sewerage Commission— James E. Fleming-, Fred- 
erick C. Jacobson. 

Board of Managers Geological Survey— Herbert M. Lloyd, 
Harrison Van Duyne, Wendell P. Garrison. 

Palisades Interstate Park Commission — Nathan F. Bar- 
rett, Abram DeRonde. 

New Jersey Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases — Dr. 
Elmer Barwis. Dr. W. S. Jones, Dr. John H. Moore, ad 
interim; Theodore Senseman, ad interim. 

Twenty Members of the Board of Visitors to the State 
Agricultural College. 

Home for Feeble-Minded Wom.en— Harry H. Pond. 

Board of Tenement House Supervision— James M. 
Stewart. 

State Board of Forestry— T. P. Price, vacancy. 

Board of Geological Survey— P. Kennely Reeves. 

GOVERNOR ALONE. 

Eleven Inspectors of Department of Labor. 

State Board of Health— George P. Olcott, William H. 
Murray. 

State Board of Dentistry— Benjamin P. Luckey. 

State Board of Pharmacy— George W. Parison. 

State Board of Children's Guardians— Emily E. Will- 
iamson, Hugh F. Fox, Joseph McChrystal. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners — T. Earl 
Budd, Whitfield Gray. 

Newark Technical School— George W. Ketcham, Samuel 
E. Robertson. 

Trenton Technical School— F. R. Clark, E. C. Stover. 

Industrial School, Hoboken— Edward Russ, William D. 
Forbes. 

State Bureau of Shell Fisheries— Charles R. Bacon. 

Three members of the State Board of Voting Machine 
Commissioners. 

State Oyster Commission— Edward Stites. 

Board of Public Accountants— t rank G. Dubois. 

State Board of Architects — Charles P. Baldwin, Hugh 
Roberts. 

Police Justice, South Orange. 

Trustees of Teachers Retirement Fund— Thom.as M. 
White, Addison P. Rosencrans. 

Board of Undertakers and Embalmers- Raymond S. 
Taylor. 

'26 



402 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 



1908. 



(With the advice and consent of the Senate.) 

Attorney General— Robert H. McCarter. 

Chancellor— William J. Magie. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court— William S. Gum.- 
mere. 

Justices of the Supreme Court— John Franklin Fort, Ab- 
ram Q. Garretson, Charles E. Hendrickson, Mahlon Pit- 
ney. 

District Court Judge— Jersey City, James S. Erwin. 

County Court Judges— Atlantic, Enoch A. Higbee; Ber- 
gen, David D. Zabriskie; Hudson, John A. Blair; Morris, 
Alfred Mills. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Atlantic, Joseph E. P. Abbott; 
Cape May, Harry S. Douglass; Hudson, William H. 
Speer; Mercer, William J. Crossiey; Morris, George A. 
Rathbun; Union, Nicholas C. J. English. 

State Board of Education— W. Edwin Florance, Sweeting 
Miles, Everett Colby, Ulamor Allen. 

Public Library Commissioner— Howard M. Cooper. 

State Board of Assessors — Stephen J. Meeker, Eckard P. 
Budd. 

State Board of Equalization of Taxes— Charles C. Black. 

Commissioner of Public Roads— Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

Chief of Bureau of Statistics and Industries— Winton C. 
Garrison. 

New Jersey Reformatory — Bruce S. Keator. 

State Home for Boys— Edward F. Spaeth, Frank S. Gas- 
kill. 

State Home for Girls— Joanna Hartshorne, Thomas P. 
Fay. 

State Village for Epileptics— Thomas J. Smith, Nelson Y. 
Dungan. 

New Jersey Sanatorium for Tuberculosis Diseases- 
Frank L. Shepperd, Abram L. Beavers. 

State Board of Medical Examiners— E. L. B. Godfrey, 
Charles A. Groves, David P. Borden. 

State Board of Forestry— John C. Smock. 

Geological Survey-John C. Smock, S. Bayard Dod, 
Washington A. Roebling, Joseph D. Bedle. 

State Sewerage Commission— Charles W. Fuller, John H. 
Capstick. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 403 

Passaic -Valley Flood Commission— Franklin Van Win- 
kle, Richard Morrell, Marshal O. Leighton, John M. Bell, 
Morris R. Sherrerd. 

Palisades Interstate Park Commission— William A. Linn, 
William H. Porter. 

Board of Tenement House Supervisors— Edwin West. 

GOVERNOR ALONE. 

State Board of Health— Laban Dennis. 

State Board of Dentistry— Alphonoso Irwin. 

State Board of Pharmacy— George H. White. 

State Board of Veterinary Surgeons— Thomas B. Rogers, 
R. W. A. English. 

State Oyster Com.mission— Ogden Gandy, William De 
Groff. 

Oyster Commission for Ocean County — Samuel B. Allen, 
Ernest L. Worth, Napoleon E. Kelly. 

Oyster Cuperintendent, Ocean County — Edward A. Hor- 
ner, Jr. 

Oyster Commissioner, District Shark River— A. Frank 
Bennett, Jr. 

Oyster Superintendent, Atlantic County— Alfred B. 
Smith. 

Oyster Commissioners— Atlantic county, Levi C. Albert- 
son, Watson Conover, R. M. Sooy. 

Newark Technical School— Moses Strauss, A. B. Garner. 

Hoboken Industrial School— William R. Jenvey, Richard 
Stevens. 

Trenton Industrial School— A. M. Maddock, Harry C. 
Taylor. 

Nine Managers of New Jersey Firemen's Home. 

Trustees of Teachers' Retirement Fund— Addison P. Po- 
land, AVilliam R. Coddington. 

Board of Undertakers and Embalmers — W. Nelson 
Knapp, William J. Moran. 



1909. 

(With the advice and consent of the Senate.) 

Judges Court of Errors and Appeals— John W. Bogert, 
George R. Gray, Elmer Ewing Green. 

Justice of the Supreme Court— Charles G. Garrison. 

District Court Judges— Jersey City, Charles L. Carrick; 
Newark, Thomas J. Raymond. 



404 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

County Court Juds:es— Burlington, Joseph H. Gaskill. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas— Cumberland, J. Hampton Fith- 
iaii; Essex, Henry Young; Middlesex, George Berdine; 
Monmouth, Henry M. Nevius. 

State Board of Education— Edward E. Grosscup, Perci- 
val Chrystie, William D. Forbes, Edward G. Roberson. 

Public Library Commissioner— Everett T. Tomlinson. 

Riparian Commissioners— William Cloke, Robert Will- 
iams, John R. Reynolds, Michael F. McLaughlin. 

State Board of Assessors— David Baird. 

State Board of Equalization of Taxes— E. Ambler Arm- 
strong. 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance— David O. Wat- 
kins. 

State Prison Inspectors— William H. Carter, Bernard 
Feeney, J. E. Mitchell, James H. Davenport, William A. 
Berry, Jacob Schurts. 

Supervisor of the State Prison — Samuel W. Kirkbride. 

New Jersey Reformatory — George A. Squire, Freeman 
Woodbridge. 

State Home for Boj^s- John Guire, Frederick M. Lock- 
wood. 

State Home for Girls— John D. Rue, Alfred D. Carnagy, 
James Mitchell, Margaret Harrington Sickel. 

State Home for Disabled Soldiers, Marines and Their 
Wives — Gilbert D. Bogert, Amos R. Dease, Ernest C. 
Stahl. 

Commissioner of Charities and Corrections— Rev. George 
B. Wight. 

State ViUage for Epileptics— John W. Ewing. 

Home for Feeble-Minded Women— Annie E. Gile, Caro- 
line B. Alexander. 

New Jersey Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases- 
James M. Green. 

State Board of Medical Examiners— Edward Hill Bald- 
win, John J. Bauman, John W. Bennett. 

State Boar.d of Forestry— E. B. Voorhees. 

Fish and Game Commissioners— Benjamin P. Morris, R. 
T. Miller, D. P. McClellan, Percy H. Johnson. 

Geological Survey— Alfred A. Wbodhull, Thomas W. 
Synnott, M. D. Valentine, Joseph L. Munn. 

Palisades Interstate Park Commission— J. DuPratt 
White, Franklin W. Hopkins. 

Board cf Tenement House Supervisors— Clinton Mac- 
kenzie, 

State Sewerage Commission— H. M. Herbert. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 405 

GOVERNOR ALONE. 

State Board of Health— Cyrus T. Brackett. 

State Board of Dentistry — Charles A. Meeker. 

State Board of Pharmacy— David Strauss. 

Newark Technical School- James L. Hays, Moses Plaut 

Hoboken Industrial School — Mrs. C. V. Alexander, James 
Smith. 

Trenton Industrial School— B. C. Kuser, Garret D. W. 
Vroom. 

Six Commissioners of Pilotage. 

Board of Children's Guardians— Katherine E. Abbey, An- 
thony T. Williams. 

Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners— Herbert Lowe. 

State Oyster Commission— J. N .Ogden. 

Police Justice— Orange. 

Trustees of Teachers' Retirement Fund— Frances O. 
Seeley, James E. Bryan. 

Chief and Assistant Inspectors of Power Vessels. 

Board of Undertakers and Embalmers— John F. Martin, 
B. B. Weitherby. 

I9IO. 

(With the advice and consent of the Senate.) 

Judge Court of Errors and Appeals — W. H. Vreden- 
burgh. 

Clerk in Chancery — Vi^"ian M. Lewis. 

Justice of the Supreme Court— Frances J. Swayze. 

Circuit Court Judges— Frederic Adams, Charles W. Par- 
ker. 

District Court Judge — Newark, Thomas J. Lintott; Tren- 
ton, George W. Macpherson. 

County Court Judges— Mercer, John Rellstab; Mon- 
mouth, John E. Foster; Somerset, Louis H. Schenck. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas— Bergen, Ernest Koster; Bur- 
lington, Samuel Atkinson; Salem, J. Furman Sinnickson; 
Somerset, John F. Reger. 

State Board of Education— George A. Frey, Silas R. 
Morse, Benjamin H. Campbell, William R. Barricklo. 

Public Library Commissioners — William. C. Kimball. 

State Board of Equalization of Taxes— Carl Lentz. 

New Jersey Reformatory — George W. Fortmeyer, Rich- 
ard H. Wilson. 

State Home for Disabled Soldiers, Marines and Their 
Wives— John Shields. 



406 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

New Jersey Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases- 
Charles J. Kipp, Austin Scott. 

Home for Feeble-Minded Women— Emily H. Williamson. 

Geological Survey— Emmor Roberts, P. Kennedy Reeves, 
F. A, Canfield, Aaron S. Baldwin.. 

Palisades Intersete Park Commission— Edwin A. Stevens. 

State Village for Epileptics— Herman F. Mossburger. 

Palisades Interstate Park Commission— D. McNeely 
Stauffer. 

Board of Tenement House Supervision— John A. Camp- 
bell. 

GOVERNOR ALONE. 

State Board of Health— William M. Lahning. 

State Board of Dentistry— H. S. Sutphen. 

State Board of Pharmacy— Edward B. Jones. 

Technical and Industrial Schools' Trustees— Newark, 
John B. Stabaeus, George R. Howe; Hoboken, William 
Keufel, Abraham J. Demarest. 

Trustees of Teachers' Retirement Fund— Elizabeth A. 
Allen, George B. Crater. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 407 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



President— Theodore Roosevelt, New York. Salary, 
$50,000. 

Vice-President— Charles W. Fairbanks, Indiana. 

Secretary of State— Elihu W. Root, of New York. 

Secretary of the Treasury— George B. Cortelyou, of New 
York. 

Secretary of War— William H. Taft, of Ohio. 

Secretary of the Navy— Victor H. Metcalf, of California. 

Secretary of the Interior— James R. Garfield, of Ohio. 

Postmaster-General— George Von L. Meyer, of Mass. 

Attorney-General— Charles J. Bonaparte, of Maryland. 

Secretary of Agriculture — James Wilson, of Iowa. 

Secretary of Commerce and Labor— Oscar S. Straus, of 
New York. 

The salary of each Cabinet officer is $10,500. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court— Melville W. Fuller, 
of Illinois. Salary, $13,000. 

Associate Justices— John M. Harlan, of Kentucky; David 
J. Brewer, of Kansas: Edward Douglass White, of Louisi- 
ana; Rufus W. Peckham, of New York; Joseph McKenna, 
of California; Oliver Wendell Holmes, of Massachusetts; 
William R. Day, of Ohio; William H. Moody, of Massa- 
chusetts. 

Salary of each Associate Justice, $12,500. 

OFFICERS OF THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Commander-in-Chief— Theodore Roosevelt, President. 
Secretary of War— William H. Taft. 
Assistant Secretary of War— Robert S. Oliver. 

DEPARTMENT OF WAR. 

Major-General— Frederick C. Ainsworth, the Military 
Secretary. 

Brigadier-Generals— Ernest A. Garlington, Inspector 
General; George B. Davis, Judge- Advocate-General; 
Charles F. Humphrey, Quartermaster-General; Henry G. 
Sharpe, Commissary-General; Robert M. O'Reilly, Sur- 
geon-General; Culver C. Sniff en, Paymaster-General; 
Alexander Mackenzie, Chief of Engineers; William Cro- 
zier. Chief of Ordnance; James Allen, Chief Signal Officer. 



40S UNITED STAIES GOVERNMENT. 

Lieutenant-General— Arthur Mac Arthur. 

Major-Generals— James F. Wade, Leonard Wood, John 
F. Weston, Frederick D. Grant, Adolphus W. Greely, 
Jesse M. Lee. 

Brigadier-Generals— J. Franklin Bell, Frederick Fun- 
ston, Theodore J. Wint, William H. Carter, Tasker H. 
Bliss, Thomas H. Barry, William S. McCaskey, Albert L. 
Mills, Constant Williams, Winfield S. Edgerly, William P. 
Duvall, John W. Bubb, Stephen P. Jocelyn, Walter T. 
Duggan, John J. Pershing. 

GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMY. 
Brigadier-Generals— J. Franklin Bell, Chief of Staff; 
Thomas H. Barry, Arthur Murray. 

OFFICERS OF THE NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Secretary — Victor H. Metcalf. 

Assistant Secretary — Truman H. Newberry. 

Commandant U. S. Marine Corps— Brigadier-General 
George F. Elliott. 

Admiral— George Dewey. 

Rear Admirals— Robley D. Evans, Joseph B. Coghlan, 
James H. Sands, Charles 1). Sigsbee, Casper F. Goodrich, 
Charles H. Davis, Joseph E. Craig, Charles M. Thomas, 
Albert S. Snow, George C. Reiter, Willard H. Bronson, 
William W. Mead, Charles H. Stockton, Asa Walker, 
Henry W. Lyon, James H. Dayton, Charles S. Sperry, 
William T. Burwell, Robert M. Berry, Samuel W. Very, 
William T. Swinburne, Joseph N. Hemphill, William H. 
Emory. 



UNITED STATES COURT OFFICIALS. 



409 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 

FOR NEW JERSEY. 
(1789 to date.) 



The United States District Court was organized at New 
Brunswick, on Tuesday, December 22d, 1789. 



DISTRICT 

David Brearley 1789 

Robert Morris 1790 

William S. Pennington.. 1817 

William Rossell 1826 

Mahlon Dickerson 1840 

Philemon Dickerson 1841 



JUDGES. 

Richard S. Field 1863 

John T. Nixon 1870 

Edward T. Green 1889 

Andrew Kirkpatrick 1896 

William M. Danning 1904 

Joseph Cross 1905 



CLERKS. 



Jonathan Dayton 1789 

Andrew Kirkpatrick 1790 

Robert Boggs 1791 

William Pennington 1817 

Joseph C. Potts 1840 

Edward N. Dickerson... 1844 
Philemon Dickerson. Jr.l853 



Andrew Dutcher 1862 

Ralph H. Shreve 1863 

E. Mercer Shreve 1868 

Robert C. Belville 1871 

William S. Belville 1875 

Linsly Rowe 1882 

George T. Cranmer 1893 



MARSHALS. 



Thomas Lowry 

John Heard 

Oliver Barnett 

Oliver W. Ogden 

Robert S. Kennedy. 
George H. Nelden... 

Benijah Deacon 

W. Budd Deacon 



.1789 Samuel Plummer 1869 

.1802 Robert L. Hutchinson... 1877 

.1802 W. Budd Deacon 1882 

.1808 A. E. Gordon 1886 

.1849 W. Budd Deacon 1889 

.1853 George Pfeiffer 1893 

.1866 Thomas J. Alcott 1897 

.1868 



DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. 



Richard Stockton 1789 

Abraham Ogden 1792 

Lucius H. Stockton 1798 

George C. Maxwell 1802 

Joseph Mcllvaine 1804 

Lucius Q. C. Elmer 1824 

Garret D. Wall 1828 

James S. Green 1837 

William Halsted 1849 

Garrit S. Cannon 1853 



Anthony Q. Keasbey....l861 

Job H. Lippincott 1886 

Samuel F. Bigelow 1887 

George S. Duryee 1888 

Henry S. White 1890 

John W. Beekman 1894 

J. Kearny Rice 1896 

David O. Watkins 1900 

John B. Vreeland 1903 



410 UNITED STATES COURT OFFICIALS. 

PRESENT OFFICIALS. 

Circuit Justice 

fJoseph Buflfington. 
Circuit Judges -i George M. Dallas, 

L George Gray. 

District Judge William M. Lanning, 

" " Joseph Cross. 

District Attorney John B. Vreeland. 

[Walter H. Bacon, 
Assistant District Attorneys -{Harrison P. Linda- 

t bury. 

Marshal Thomas J. Alcott. 

Deputy Marshal Edwin R. Semple. 

Clerk of District Court George T. Cranmer. 

Deputy Clerk of District Court Benjamin F. Havens. 

Clerk of Circuit Court H. Duncan Olinhant. 

Deputy Clerk of Circuit Court Charles S. Chevrier. 

Postmaster at Trenton Alexander C. Yard. 

Internal Revenue Collector— 1st Dist. Isaac MofCatt. 

5th Dist..H. C. H. Herold. 

SENATORS AND CONGRESSMEN. 

United States Senators— John Kean, 1911; John F. Dry- 
den. 1907. 

Representatives in Sixtieth Congress— First district, 
Henry C. Loudenslager; Second district, John J. Gardner; 
Third district, Benjamin F. Howell; Fourth district, Ira 
W. Wood; Fifth district, Charles N. Fowler; Sixth dis- 
trict, William Hughes; Seventh district, Richard Wayne 
Parker; Eighth district, Le Gage Pratt; Ninth district, 
Eugene W. Leake; Tenth district, James A. Hamill. 



STATE OFFICERS. 4U 



STATE OFFICERS. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

Governor— Edward C. Stokes, 1908. 

Secretary to the Governor— Edward W. Gray. 

Executive Clerk— Edward D. Fox. 

STATE DEPARTMENT 
Secretary of State— Samuel D. Dickinson, 1907. 
Assistant Secretary— J. B. R. Smith, 1907. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 
State Treasurer— Frank O. Briggs, 1908. 
State Comptroller— J. Willard Morgan, 1908. 
Deputy Treasurer— L. Kensil Wildrick. 
Deputy Comptroller— Isaac Doughton. 
State Auditor— William E. Drake. 

LAW DEPARTMENT. 
Attorney-General— Robert H. McCarter, 1908. 
Assistant Attorney-General— Nelson B. Gaskill, 1908. 
Chief Clerk- Theodore Backes. 

THE JUDICIARY. 

Court of Errors and Appeals— The Chancellor, the Chief 
Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court; Judges John 
W. Bogert, 1909; William H. Vredenburgh, 1910; Garret D. 
W. Vroom, 1907; George R. Gray, 1909; Elmer Ewing 
Green, 1909; James B. Dill, 1912. Clerk, Secretary of State. 

Court of Chancery— Chancellor William J. Magie, 1908; 
Vice-chancellors, Henry C. Pitney, 1910; John R. Emery, 
1909; Frederic W. Stevens, 1910; Eugene Stevenson, 1908; 
James J. Bergen, 1911; JJndley M. Garrison, 1911; Edmund 
B. Learning, 1913. 

Vice -Ordinary and Vice-Surrogate-General— James J. 
Bergen. 

Clerk in Chancery— Vivian M. Lewis, 1910. 

Deputy Clerk— Edward M. Appelgate. 

Chancery Reporter— Carroll Robbins, 1910. 

Supreme Court— Chief Justice, William S. Gummere, 1908; 
Associate Justices, Charles G. Garrison, 1909; John Frank- 



412 STATE OFFICERS. 

Im Foit, i90S; Abram Q. Garretson, 1908; Charles E. Hen- 
drickson, 1908; Mahlon Pitney, 1908; Francis J. Swayze, 
1910; Alfred Reed, 1911; lliomas W. Trenchard, ad interim. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court— William Riker, Jr., 1907. 

Deputy Clerk— Charles N. Codding, 1907. 

Law Reporter— Garret D. W. Vroom, 1908. 

Circuit Court Judges— Frederic Adams, 1910; Charles W. 
Parker, 1910; Allen B. Endicott, 1911; Wilbur A. Heisley, 
1911; Benjamin A. Vail, ad interim; Frank T. Lloyd, ad in- 
terim. 

Court of Pardons— Governor, Chancellor and Lay Judges 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals; Clerk, Secretary of 
State. 

District Court Judges— Camden, Martin V. Bergen, 1907; 
Elizabeth, C. Addison Swift, ad interim; Jersey City, 
James S. Erwin, 1908; Charles L. Carrick, 1909; Newark, 
Thomas J. Raymond, 1909; Thomas J. Lintott, 1910; Pater- 
son, William I. Lewis, 1911; Trenton, George W. Macpher- 
son, 1910; Orange, Benjamin F. Jones, 1911; Hoboken, Fred- 
erick J. Stuhr, ad interim; Passaic, William W. Watson, 
1911; Atlantic City, Robert PI. Ingersoll, 1911; Bayonne, 
Frederick E. Chamberlain, 1911; New Brunswick, Edward 
W. Hicks, 1911; Perth Amboy, Adrian Lyon, 1911; Plain- 
field, William Newcorn, ad interim. 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

Commander-in-Chief— Governor Stokes. 
Major-General- Peter Farmer Wanser. 
Adjutant-General— R. Heber Breintnall. 
Assistant Adjutant-General— Charles W. Parker. 
Quartermaster-General— Charles Edward Murray. 
Inspector-General— Joseph W. Congdon. 
Judge Advocate-General— Edward P. Meany. 
First Brigade— Brigadier-General Edward A. Campbell. 
Second Brigade— Brigadier-General Quincy O'M. Gill- 
more. 

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. 

Trustees of the School Fund— Governor, Secretary of 
State, President of the Senate, Speaker of the Assembly, 
Attorney-General, State Comptroller and State Treasurer. 

State Board of Education— Edward E. Grosscup, Wino- 
nah, 1009; George A. Frey, Camden, 1910; James B. Wood- 
ward, Bordentown, 1911; Silas R. Morse, Atlantic City, 
1910; W. Edwin Plorance, New Brunswick, 1908; Edmund 
Wilson, Red Bank, 1907; Samuel St. John McCutcheon, 
Plainfield, 1911; Percival Chrystie, High Bridge, 1909; Ben- 



STATE OFFICERS. 413 

jamin H. Campbell, Elizabeth, 1910; Charles E. Surdam, 
Morristown, 1907; Sweeting- Miles, Alpine, 1908; Francis 
Scott, Paterson, 1911; Edward G. Robertson, Newark, 
1909; Everett Colby, West Orange, 1908; James L. 
Hays, Newark. 1911; T. O'Conor Sloane. South Orange, 
1907; ULamor Allen, Jersey City, 1908; William R. Bar- 
ricklo, Jersey City, 1910; Edward Russ, Hoboken, 1907; 
William D. Forbes, Hoboken, 1909. President, James L. 
Hays; Vice-President, George A. Frey; Secretary, Charles 
J. Baxter: Treasurer, James B. Woodward, 

Principal State Normal and Model Schools, James M. 
Green, Ph.D.; Steward, John S. Neary. 

Principal New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes, John P. 
Walker; Steward, Thomas F. Hearnen. 

PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

State Superintendent— Charles J. Baxter, 1907. 

Assistant State Superintendent — J. Brognard Betts. 

High School Inspector — Louis Bevier, Jr., New Bruns 
wick. 

County Superintendents— Atlantic, Samuel D. Hoffman, 
Atlantic City; Bergen, B. C. Wooster, Hackensack; Bur- 
lington, Herman A. Stees, Beverly; Camden, Charles S. 
Albertson, Magnolia; Cape May, Oscar O. Barr, Cape 
May; Cumberland, John N. Glaspell, Bridgeton; Essex, 
A. B. Meredith, Nutley; Gloucester, William H. 
Eldridge, Williamstown; Hudson, M. H. Kinsley, Ho- 
boken; Hunterdon, Jason S. Hoffman, Flemington; Mer- 
cer, Joseph M. Arnold, Princeton; Middlesex, H. Brewster 
Willis, New Brunswick; Monmouth, John Enright, Free- 
hold; Morris, Watson B. Matthews, Dover; Ocean, 
Charles A. Morris, Toms River; Passaic, Edward W. Gar- 
rison, Paterson; Salem, J. A. Wentzell, Elmer; Somerset, 
H. C. Krebs, Somervillt ; Sussex-, Ralph Decker, Sussex: 
Union, William J. Shearer, Elizabeth; Warren, Franklin 
T. Atwood, Hackettstown. 

City Superintendents— Asbury Park, Fred S. Shepherd; 
Atlantic City, C. B. Boyer, Supervising Principal; Bayonne, 
J. H. Christie; Bloomfield, George Morris; Bordentown, 
William Macfarland; Bridgeton, E. J. Hitchner; Burling- 
ton, Wilbur AVatts; Camden, James E. Bryan; Dover, J. H. 
Hulsart; East Orange, Vernon L. Davey; Elizabeth, W. J. 
Shearer; Englewood, Elmer C. Sherman; Gloucester, Wm. 
C. Sullivan; Hoboken, A. J. Demarest; Jersey City, Henry 
Snyder; Lambertville, A. P. Kerr; Long Branch, C. Greg- 
ory; Millville, H. F. Stauffer; Montclair, Randall Spauld- 



414 STATE OFFICERS. 

ing; Morristown, W. L. R. Haven; Newark, Dr. A. B. 
Poland; New Brunswick, W. C. Armstrong; Orange, 
James C. Riggs, Passaic, O, I. Wooley; Paterson, J. R. 
Wilson; Perth Amboy, S. E. Shull; Phillipsburg, Lewis O. 
Beers; Plainfield, Henry M. Maxson; Rahway, W. J. Bick- 
ett; Salem, W. A. Storrie; Town of Union, Otto Ortel; 
Trenton, Ebenezer Mackey; West Hoboken, Robert 
Waters. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

Commissioners— Governor, Chancellor, Chief Justice, At- 
torney-General, Secretary of State, Treasurer and Comp- 
troller. 

State Librarian— Henry C. Buchanan, 1909. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSIONERS. 

Dr. Ernest C. Richardson, Princeton University, 1907; 
Moses Taylor Pyne, Princeton, 1911; William C. Kimball, 
Passaic, Chairman, 1910; Everett T. Tomlinson, Elizabeth, 
1909; Howard M. Cooper, Camden, 1908. Secretary, Henry 
C. Buchanan. Sarah B. Askew, Trenton, organizer. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

The Governor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller. 

Custodian of the State House and Public Grounds— John 
W. Weseman. Assistant, William H. Meseroll. Night 
Custodian, Simon Gerson. 

RIPARIAN BOARD. 

Commissioners— The Governor, President; William 
Cloke, Trenton; Robert Williams, Paterson; John R. 
Reynolds, Trenton; Michael F. McLaughlin, Newark, all 
in 1909; Secretary and Engineer, John C. Payne, Jersey 
City. 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSORS. 

Members— Stephen J. Meeker, Newark, 1908; David 
Baird, President, Camden, 1909; Theodore Strong, New 
Brunswick, 1907; Eckard P. Budd, Mount Holly, 1908. 
Secretary, Irvine E. Maguire, 

STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION OF TAXES. 
Members— Carl Lentz, Newark, President, 1910; E. Am- 
bler Armstrong, Camden, 1909; Charles C. Black, Jersey 
City, 1908; Henry J. Irick, Vincentown, 1907; Theodore 
Simonson, Newton, 1911. Secretary, Frederick R. Lehl- 
bach, Newark. 



STATE OFFICERS. 415 

COUNTY BOARDS OF EQUALIZATION OF TAXES. 

Atlantic County — William H. Bolte, Atlantic City; Elias 
S. Reed, Buena Vista; John R. Fleming', Atlantic City. 

Bergen County — P. G. Zabriskie, Ridgewood; James H. 
Coe, Englewood; Henry D. Winton, Hackensack. 

Burlington County — George N. Wimer, Palmyra; Thomas 
C. Shreve, Pemberton; Joseph C. Kingdom, Mount Holly. 

Camden County— Willai'd T. Gibbs, Clementon; Joseph E. 
Nowrey, 425 Market street, Camden; Irving Buckle, 431 
Elmer street, Camden. 

Cape May County— Eugene C. Cole, Seaville; Stilwell H. 
Townsend, Cape May; James T. Hoffman, Cold Spring. 

Cumberland County— Alexander R. Fithian, Bridgeton; 
Winfield S. Bonham, Shiloh; Thomas Whittaker, Millville. 

Essex County— Lawrence T. Fell, Orange; Henry Dick- 
son, Newark; Lathrop Anderson, Newark. 

Gloucester County— John Redfield, Woodbury; Wilson T. 
Jones, Franklinville; Andrew J. Nichol, Jefferson. 

Hudson County— James Allardice, Jersey City; James E. 
Connolly, Jersey City; Joseph J. Giusto, Hoboken. 

Hunterdon County— Henry M. Voorhees, Flemington; 
Charles N. Reading, Frenchtown; John C. Haynes, Ann- 
andale. 

Mercer County — Samuel T. Atchley, Ewing; W. Holt Ap- 
gar, Trenton; Richard P. Wilson, Trenton. Alexander M. 
Phillips, Secretary. 

Middlesex County — Frank Samsell, Sayreville Township; 
William Schlesinger, New Brunswick; George J. Haney, 
Perth Amboy. William A. Spencer, Secretary. 

Monmouth County— William T. Hoffman, Englishtown; 
William K. Devereux, Asbury Park; John S. Applegate, 
Jr., Red Bank. 

Morris County— Charles A. Baker, Kenvil; Edward J. 
Cahill, Boonton; Edward A. Quayle, Morristown. 

Ocean County— Dr. Joshua Hilliard, Manahawken; J. 
Horace Sprague, Barnegot; A. O. S. Havens, Point Pleas- 
ant. 

Passaic County— George Wurts, Paterson; Charles E. 
Denholme, Passaic; Benjamin F. Roegiers, Paterson. 

Salem County— D. Harris Smith, Salem; John C. Ward, 
Centretown; Charles Mecum, Salem. 

Somerset County— P. V. D. VanDoren, Millstone; New- 
ton B. Smalley, North Plainfield; Stewart A. Kenney, 
Somerville. 



416 STATLJ OFFICERS. 

Sussex County— Patrick J. Dolan. Ogdensburg; Andrew 
J. VanBlarcom, Newton; Henry C. Hunt. Sussex. 

Union County— Frederic H. Andrews, Plainfield; C. C. 
Pollard, Elizabeth: Mulford M. Scudder, Westfield. 

Warren County— Jacob S. Stev/art, Phillipsburg; Joseph 
E .Fulper, Washing'ton; William J. Barker, Hackettstown. 
Henry M. Trimble. Secretary. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

Commissioner— David O. Watkins, 1909. 
Deputy Commissioner— Thomas K. Johnston. 
Chief Clerk- George B. Glover. 

PUBLIC ROADS. 

Commissioner of Public Roads — Elijah C. HutchincJon, 
Trenton, 1908. 

State Supervisor of Public Roads— Robert A, Meeker, 
Plainfield. 

BUREAU OF STATISTICS OF LABOR AND 
INDUSTRIES. 

Chief— Winton C. Garrison, 1908. 
Deputy— James T. Morgan. 

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. 

Commissioner— Lewis T. Bryant, Atlantic City, 1907. 

Assistant Commissioner— John I. Holt, Paterson, 1907. 

Clerk— James F. Dale. 

Inspectors— Henry Kuehnle, Atlantic City; Louis Holler, 
Camden; Joseph Milburn, Trenton; Andrew McCardell, 
Plainfield; Edward E. McClintock, Newark; vacancy; 
William Schlachter, Orange; Heber Wells, Paterson; 
James E. Stanton, Sussex. Female Inspectors — Mary F. 
VanLeer, Camden; Grace L. De Hart. Jersey City; all in 
1907. 

STATE BOARD OF ARBITRATION. 

William B. Garrabrants, Newark; Henry H. Banker, 
New Brunswick; Samuel Berry, Millville; Thomas H. 
Joiner, Camden; Joseph C. Shenck, Rutherford, ad in- 
terim; all in 1907. 



STATE OFFICERS. 417 

STATE PRISON. 

Head Keeper— George O. Osborne, 1907. 

Supervisor— Samuel W. Kirkbride, 1909. 

Inspectors— William H. Carter, Bordentown; Bernard 
Feeney, Paterson; J. E. Mitchell, Millville; James H. 
Davenport, Newark; William A. Berry, Belmar; Jacob 
Schurts, Somerville: all in 1909. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 
Commissioners— George A. Squire, Elizabeth, 1909, Presi- 
dent; Percy R. Pyne, Bernardsville, 1907; Richard H. Wil- 
son, Metuchen, 1910; George W. Fortmeyer, East Orange, 
1910; Bruce S. Keator, Asbury Park, 1908; Freeman Wood- 
bridge, New Brunswick, 1909; Decatur M. Sawyer, Mont- 
clair, 1907; vacancy. The Governor is an ex-ofRcio mem- 
ber. Richard H. Wilson, Secretary. Superintendent, 
Joseph W. Martin, 1907, 

STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 
Trustees— Frederick M. Lockwood, Jersey City, 1909; 
John Guire, Long Branch, 1909; Gervas Ely, Lambertville, 
1907; Frank S. Gaskill, New Egypt, 1908; Edward Spaeth. 
Newark, 1908; Frank M. Donohoe, New Brunswick, 1907. 
Superintendent, John C. Kalleen. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 
Trustees— John D. Ruo, Trenton, 1909; Alfred D. Car- 
nagy. Secretary, Trenton, 1909; Thomas B. Holmes, Tren- 
ton, 1907; Joanna Hartshorne, Short Hills, 1908; Mrs. Fred- 
erick T. Johnson, Newark, 1907; James Mitchell, Paterson, 
1909; Dr. Magena De Hart, Jersey City, 1907; Thomas P. 
Fay, President, Long Branch, 1908; Mrs. Margaret Har- 
rington Sickel, 1909. S. W. Davison, Trenton, Treasurer. 

STATE HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 

Managers— Colonel Edward H. Wright. Newark; Amzi 
Dodd, Newark; Marcus L. Ward, Newark; James E. Flem • 
ming, Newark; General E. Burd Grubb, Edgewater Park; 
R. Heber Breintnall, Newark. Officers— Superintendent, 
Major Peter P. Rogers; Adjutant, Bishop W". Mains; 
Chaplain, Rev. John D. Ferguson; Matron, Mrs. Peter F. 
Rogers. 



418 STATE OFFICERS. 

STATE HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, SAILORS. 
MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

Managers— Gilbert D. Bogert, Treasurer, Passaic; Amos 
R. Dease. Camden; Ernest C. Stahl, Secretary, Trenton, 
m 1909; John Shields, President, Flemingfon, 1910; J. How- 
ard Willets, Port Elizabeth, 1911. Commandant, Jarvis 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

Members— Laban Dennis, 1908, Newark; William H. Mur- 
ray, 1906, Plainfield; Cyrus T. Brackett, President, 1909, 
Princeton; Henry B. Rue, 1912, Hoboken; George P. Olcott, 
1907, East Orange; Henry Mitchell, 1912, Asbury Park; 
William M. Lanriing, Trenton, 1910. The Secretary of State, 
the i^ttorney-General and the State Geologist, ex-offlcio. 
Secretary, Henry Mitchell, Asbury Park. A. Clark Hunt, 

Chief Inspector of Foods and Drugs— George W. Mc- 
Guire, Trenton. Deputy— Samuel S. Vandruff. 

CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Commissioner— Rev. George B. Wight, Trenton, 1909; 
Assistant Commissioner, George E. Poole, 1909. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

Board of Managers at Morris Plains— James M. Buckley, 
Morristown, 1909; John C. Eisele, President, Newark, 1909; 
David St.' John, Hackensack, 1907; John A. McBride, Sus- 
sex, 1907; Richard A. McCurdy, Morris Plains, 19u9; James 
G. Morgan, Union Hill, 1909; Patrick J. Ryan, Elizabeth, 
1909; John T. Gillson, Paterson, 1907. Secretary, Charles 
H. Green. 

Board of Managers at Trenton— Garret D. W. Vroom. 
E»resident, Trenton, 1909; John Taylor, Trenton, 1909; 
Joseph Rice, Trenton, 1908: L. A. D. Allen, Woodstown. 
1907; Cornelius S. Hoffman. Somerville, 1907; Luther M. 
Halsey, Williamstown, 1907; J. Bayard Kirkpatrick, New 
Brimswick, 1907; Peter J. Rafferty, Red Bank, 1907. Secre- 
tary, Scott Scammell. 

Officers at Morris Plains— Medical Director, Britton D. 
Evans, M. D. ; Treasurer, Guide C. Hinchman; Warden, 
Moses K. Everitt. 

Officers at Trenton— Medical Director, John W. Ward, 
M. D. ; Treasurer, Harvey H. Johnson; Warden, William 
P. Hayes, 



STATE OFFICERS. 419 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 
Board of Managers— Thomas J. Smith, M.D., Bridgeton, 
1908, Treasurer; John H. Ewing, M. D., Flemington, 1909; 
Nelson Y. Dungan, Somerville, 1908; Theodore Foote, 
Vineland, 1907; Caroline B. Alexander, Hoboken, 1909; 
Herman F. Moosburger, Somerville, 1910; Harry A. Smith, 
Somerville, 1907. Superintendent, Henry M. Weeks, M.D. 
Vacancy. 

NEW JERSEY SANATORIUM FOR TUBERCULOUS 
DISEASES. 
Board of Managers— Dr. Charles J. Kipp, Newark, Presi- 
dent, 1910; Dr. Elmer Barwis, Trenton, 1907; Dr. W. S. 
Jones, Camden, 1907; Dr. James S. Green, Elizabeth, 1909; 
Austin Scott, Ph.D., LL.D., New Brunswick, 1910; Dr. 
John H. Moore, Bridgeton, ad interim; Dr. Theodore 
Senseman, Atlantic City, ad interim; Abram D. Beavers, 
Glen Gardner, Secretary, 1908. 

FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

Board of Managers— Benjamin F. Lee, President, Tren- 
ton, 1912; Mrs. Emily E, Williamson, Secretary, Elizabeth, 
1910; Mrs. Annie E. Gile, Bloomfield, 1909; George B. 
Thorn, Treasurer, Burlington, 1912; John J. Cleary, Tren- 
ton, 1912; Harry H. Pond, Vineland, 1907; Caroline B. 
Alexander, Hoboken, 1909; Mary J. Dunlap, Supervisor and 
Medical Director. 

FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 

New Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Girls 
and Boys, Vineland— Directors, Governor, ex-ofRcio; D. 
Wilson Moore, Clayton, 1907; William H. Nicholson, Had- 
donfield, 1907; Thomas J. Smith, M. D., Bridgeton, 1907; 
George Davidson, Vineland, 1908; Rev. H. H. Beadle, 
Bridgeton, 1908; E. E. Read, Jr., Camden, 1908; Benja- 
,min C. Reeve, Camden, 1909; W. Graham Tyler, Philadel- 
phia, 1909: Charles Keighley, Vineland, 1909; P. P. Baker, 
Vineland, 1910; Howard Carrow, Camden, 1910; Howard L. 
Branson, Vineland, 1908. Officers of the Board: Philip P. 
Baker, President; William H. Nicholson, Vice-President; 
George Davidson, Treasurer; Edward R. Johnstone, Sec- 
retary and Principal. Board of Lady Visitors: Mrs. 
Charles Keighley, Vice-President, Vineland, 1908; Mrs. 
Fanny A. Shepperd, Greenwich, Secretary, 1908; Miss 
Susan N, Warrington, Moorestown, Treasurer, 1908; Miss 



420 STATE OFFICERS. 

Rachel E. Allinson, Yardville, 1909; Miss Julia Frame. 
Bridgelon, 1907; Mrs. Thomas J. Craven, President, Salem, 
1907; Mrs. Edward P. Shields, Bridgeton, 1907; Mrs. Will- 
iam H. Skirm, Trenton, 1909; Mrs. Harriet Townsend, 
Elizabeth, 1907; Mrs. John Moore, Clayton, 1909; Mrs. Han- 
nah C. Reeve, Camden. 1907; Mrs. F. J. Collier, Woods- 
town, 1909. 

AGRICULTURAL. 

State Board of Agriculture— President, E, B. Voorhees, 
New Brunswick: Treasurer, William Heritage, Swedes- 
boro; Secretary, Franklin Dye, Trenton. 

Commissioners of Agriculture College Fund— Governor, 
Secretary of State, Treasurer, Attorney-General and 
Comptroller. 

Board of Visitors to State Agricultural College— First 
district, Ephraim T. Gill, Aaron S. Borton; Second dis- 
trict, John E. Darnell, vacancy; Third district, David 
D. Denise, James Neilson; Fourth district, Samuel B. 
Ketcham, Peter V. D. Vandoren; Fifth district, Ogden 
Woodruff, Melville S. Condit; Sixth district, Abram C. 
Holdrum, Henry Marelli: Seventh district, George E. 
DeCamp, Cyrus B. Crane; Eighth district, George Dorer, 
Joseph B. Ward; Ninth district, vacancy, John Hudson; 
Tenth district, Henry Bell, Henry A. Gaede; all in 1907. 
Secretary, Irving S. Upson. 

New Jersey State Agricultural Experiment Station 
No. 1— Board of Managers: Governor, Professors W. H. S. 
Demarest and Edward B. Voorhees, together with the 
members of the Board of Visitors to the State Agricul- 
tural College. Director, Professor Voorhees; Chief Clerk, 
Secretary and Treasurer, Irving S. Upson. 

Station No. 2— Board cf Control: The Trustees of Rut- 
gers College. Director, Professor Edward B. Voorhees. 
Chief Clerk, Irving S. Upson. 

MOTOR VEHICLE DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner— J. B. R. Smith. 

Chief Inspector— Edward Johnson. 

Inspectors— William J. Morgan, Newark; Winthrop E. 
Scarritt, East Orange; Andrew J. Fonderville, Hoboken; 
Joseph A. Brohel, River Edge; George E. Blakeslee, Jer- 
sey City; George W. Thompson, Somerville; John Spillane, 
Red Bank. 



STATE OFFICERS. 421 

MEDICAL, PHARMACY AND DENTISTRY. 

State Board of Medical Examiners — Armin Uebelacker, 
Morris town, 1907; William P. Watson, Jersey City, 1907, 
William H. Shipps, President, Bordentown, 1907; E. 
L. B, Godfrey, Secretary, Camden, 1908; Charles A. 
Groves, East Orange, 1908; David P. Borden, Paterson, 
1908; Edward Hill Baldwin, Newark, 1909; John J. Bau- 
mann, Jersey City, 1909; John W. Bennett, LrOng Branch, 
1909. 

State Board of Dentistry — Alphonso Irwin, Camden, 1908; 
Benjamin P. Luckey, Paterson, 1907; W. E. Truex, Presi- 
dent, Freehold, 1911; H. S. Sutphen, Newark, 1910. Charlts 
A. Meeker, Secretary-Treasurer, Newark, 1909. 

State Board of Pharmacy— George H. White, Jersey 
City, 1908; Henry A. Jorden, Bridgeton, 1911; George W. 
Parisen, Perth Amboy, 1907: David Strauss, Elizabeth, 
1909; Edward B. Jones, Mount Holly, 1910. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners— William 
Herbert Lowe, Paterson, 1909; T. Earl Budd, Orange, 
1907: Whitfield Gray, Newton, 1907; Thomas B. Rogers, 
Woodbury, 1908; R. W. A. English, Jersey City, 1908. 

STATE BOARD OF FORESTRY. 

Governor Stokes, President, ecx-oflicio; Henry B. Kum- 
mel, State Geologist, ex-ofRcio; John C. Smock, Trenton, 
1908; Prof. E. B. Voorhees, New Brunswick, 1909; vacancy. 
Secretary, William H. Chew, Salem. 

FISH AND GAME. 

Commissioners — Benjam.in P. Morris, President, Long 
Branch; R. T, Miller. Camden; D. P. McClellan, Morris- 
ton; Percy H. Johnson, Bloomfield; all in 1909. Protector, 
James M. Stratton, Long Branch. Wardens, John H. 
Avis, Woodbury; Fred S. Conner, Bridgeton; Harry L. 
Cook, Trenton; E. R. Davis, Salem; Herbert E. Dane, 
Hoboken; Louis E. Foulks, New Egypt; William Guth- 
ridge, 341 Spruce street, Camden; Alex W. Hughes, 437 
Grand street, Paterson; J. B. Hendershott, Newton; C. 
M. Hawkins, Elizabeth; Fred J. Hall, Bloomfield; Charles 
Minard, Denville; William B. Lodor, Egg Harbor City; 
Howard Mathis, New Gretna; George H. Miller, Somer- 
ville; George W. Phifer, Ormond; John J. Park, White 
House Station; Ans. J. Rider, Tuckerton; Charles Ross, 



422 STATE OFFICERS. 

Cape Mav Court House; Charles Steuerwald, South Am- 
boy; Thomas J. Torton, Penns Grove; Ward Varian, 
Demarest; Charles Wilbur, Camden; Chaun H. Glenville, 
Fhillipsburg. 

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. 

Board of Managers— Governor Edward C. Stokes, ex- 
officio. 

Members at Large— John C. Smock, 1908; David E. Tits- 
worth, 1911; Emmor Roberts, 1910; Herbert M. Lloyd, 
Harrison Van Duyne, 1907; George G. Tennant, 1911; 
Thomas W. Synnott, 1909; all April 1. 

First district, Frederick R. Brace, 1911; Second distric't, 
P. Kennedy Reeves, 1907; Third district, M. D. Valentine, 
1909; Fourth district, Washington A. Roebling, 1908; Fifth 
district, F. A. Canfield, 1910; Sixth district, George W. 
Wheeler, 1911; Seventh district, Wendell P. Garrison, 1907; 
Eighth district, Joseph L. Munn, 1909; Ninth district, 
Joseph D. Bedle, 1908; Tenth district, Aaron S. Baldwin, 
1910; all April 1st. 

State Geologist— Henry B. Kummel. 

SEWERAGE COMMISSIONS. 

State Sewerage Commission— Charles W. Fuller, Chair- 
man, Bayonne, 1908; John H. Capstick, Montville, 1908; 
James E. Fleming, Newark, 1907; Frederick C. Jacobsen, 
Newark, 1907; H. M. Herbert. Bound Brook, 1909. Secre- 
tary, Boyd McLean, Jersey City. 

Passaic Valley Flood Commission— Franklin Van Winkle, 
Paterson; Richard Morrell, Passaic; Marshal O. Leighton, 
Montclair; John M. Bell, Rutherfoi'd; Morris R. Sherrerd, 
Newark; all in 1908. William I^ Dill, Secretary, Paterson. 

OYSTER COMMISSIONS. 

State Oyster Commission— Jeremiah N. Ogden, 1909; Ed- 
ward Stites, Jr., 1907; Ogden Gandy, 1908; William De 
Groff, 1908. Superintendent, A. T. Bacon, Mauricetown. 

The Oyster Commission for the District of Ocean coun- 
ty—Samuel B. Allen, Now Gretna; Ernest L. Worth, Bay- 
ville; Napoleon E. Kelly, West Creek, 1908. 

Oyster Superintendent for District of Ocean County- 
Edward A. Horner, Jr., Tuckerton, 1908. 

Oyster Commissioner, District of Shark River— A. Frank 
Bennett, Jr., Avon, 1908. 



STATE OFFICERS. 423 

Oyster Superintendent, Atlantic County— Alfred B. 
Smith, Brig-antine, 1908. 

Oyster Commissioners— Atlantic county, Levi C. Albert- 
son, Atlantic City; Watson Conover, Oceanville; Dr. R. M. 
Sooy, Pleasantville, all in 1908. 

The State Bureau of Shell Fisheries— Chief, Charles R. 
Bacon, Camden, 1907. 

PALISADES INTERSTATE PARK. 

Commissioners of the Palisades Interstate Park— George 
AValdridge Perkins, New York city, 1911; D. McNeely 
Stauffer, New York, 1910; Edwin A. Stevens, Hoboken, 
1910; J. Du Pratt White, Nyack, N. Y., 1909; Franklin W. 
Hopkins, Alpine, N. J.. 1909; William H. Porter, New 
York, 1908; William A. Linn, Hackensack, 1908; Nathan F. 
Barrett, New Rochelle, N. Y., 1907; Abram De Ronde, En- 
glewood, 1907; William B. Dana, New York city, 1911. 

TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS. 

Trustees Newark Technical School— John B. Stabaeus, 
1910; Georg-e R. Howe, 1910; Samuel E. Robertson, 1907; 
George W. Ketcham, 1907; Moses Straus, 1908; A. B. Gar- 
ner, 1908; James L. Hays, 1909; Moses Plaut, 190^. 

Trustees Industrial Education, Hoboken— William Keuf- 
fel, 1910; Abraham J. Demarest, 1910; Edward Russ, 1907; 
William D. Forbes, 1907; William R. Jenvey, 1908; Richard 
Stevens, 1908; Mrs. C. V. Alexander, 1909; James Smith, 
1909. 

Board of Trustees of Industrial Education, Trenton- 
Frederick H. Clark. 1907; Edward C. Stover, 1907; Archi- 
bald M. Maddock, 1908; Harry C. Taylor, 1908; B. C. Kuser, 
1909; Garret D. W. Vrooni, 1909; Charles Howell Cook, 1906; 
Karl G. Roebling, 1906; all December 30th. Robert C. Bell- 
ville. Secretary. 

BOARD OF TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION. 
John A. Campbell, President, Trenton, 1910; Edward 
W. Gray, Trenton, 1911; James M. Stewart, Paterson, 1907; 
Edwin West, Jr., Hoboken, 1908; Clinton Mackenzie, Eliza- 
beth, 1909. Secretary, Captain Charles J. Allen. 

BOARD OF UNDERTAKERS AND EMBALMERS. 

Raymond S. Taylor, Trenton, 1907; W. Nelson Knapp, 
East Orange, 1908; William J. Moran, Jersey City, 1908; 
John F. Martin, Elizabeth, 1909; B. B. Weatherby, Mill- 
ville, 1909. 



424 STATE OFFICERS. 

MISCELLANEOUS OFFICIALS AND BOARDS. 

State Director of Joint Companies— Charles Bradley, 
Newark, 1907. 

State Director of Weather Service— Levi A. Judkins, At- 
lantic City. 

State Entomologist — John B. Smith, New Brunswick. 

Inspectors of Power "Vessels— Chief, J. Fred Runyon, 
Morristown, 1909; Assistant, James B. Everitt, Lake Ho- 
patcong-, J 909. 

Managers New Jersey Firemen's Home — Bird W* Spen- 
cer, Benjamin W. Cloud, William M. Jeffries, William T. 
Corliss, Charles N. Reading, Amos Edson, John S. 
Gibson, George T. Werts, Egbert Seymour; all in 1908. 
The State Comptroller and Commissioner of Banking 
and Insurance are members ex-ofHcio. 

State Board of Children's Guardians— Anthony T. Will- 
iams, Trenton, 1909; Emily E. Williamson, Elizabeth, 1907; 
Hugh P. Fox, Bayonne, 1907: Katherine E. Abbey, Mount 
Holly, 1909; Joseph McCrystal, Paterson, hold over; Fred- 
erick G. Burnham, Morristown, 1912; Rev. J. R. Atkinson, 
Elizabeth, 1912. 

State Board of Architects— Charles P. Baldwin, Presi- 
dent, Newark, 1907; Charles Edwards, Paterson, hold over; 
Hugh Roberts, Secretary and Treasurer, Jersey City, 1907; 
Arnold H. Moses, Camden, hold over; David P. Provoost, 
Elizabeth, hold over. 

Police Justices— Orange, Joseph B. Bray, 1909; South 
Orange, J. Martin Roll, 1907. 

State Board of Public Accountants— Frank G. Dubois, 
Newark, 1907; Elmer B. Yale, Jersey City, hold over; va- 
cancy, Lewis, deceased. 

Board of Truustees of the Teachers' Retirement Fund- 
Thomas M. White, Trenton, 1907; Addison P. Rosenkrans, 
Paterson, 1907; Addison P. Poland, Newark, 1908; William 
R. Coddington, Plainfield, 1908; Frances O. Seely, Bridge- 
ton; James E. Bryan, Camden, 1909; Elizabeth A. Allen, 
Hoboken; Goorge B. Crater, Newark, 1910. 

COMMISSIONS, MISCELLANEOUS. 
Commissioners of the State Museum— The State Geolo- 
gist, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Pres- 
ident of the State Board of Agriculture, President of the 
Senate and Speaker of the Assembly. Curator, S. R. 
Morse, Atlantic City. 



STATE OFFICERS. . 425 

State Board of Voting- Machine Commissioners— Frank- 
lin Phillips, Chatham, 1907; Seward Davis, Upper Mont- 
clair, 1907; Joseph A, Brohel, River Edge, 1907, 

Commission to Purchase the old Tavern House in the 
Borough of Haddonfield. Camden County— Ephraim T. 
Gill, James L. Pennypacker, Charles R. Stevenson, Robert 
CJwynne, Henry D. Moore. Term, pleasure of Governor. 

Monmouth Battle Monument Commission— Members, 
Comptroller of the Treasury, Adjutant-General, Quarter- 
master-General, President of Senate, Speaker oi House of 
Assembly, Theodore W. Morris, President; James T, Bur- 
tis, Treasurer; John B. Conover, Joseph A. Yard, Fred- 
erick Parker, Secretary. 

Commission on' a State Reformatory for Women— Edwin 
G. Adams, Montclair; Mrs. C. B. Alexander, Hoboken; 
Mrs. George W, Blackwell, East Orange; Mary Philbrook, 
Newark; Harry Garfield, Princeton; vacancy. 

Commission to revise the Statutes of the State— James 
E. Howell. Newark; Charles D. Thompson, Jersey City; 
G. D. W. Vroom, President, Trenton. Secretary, Frank 
B. I^ee, Trenton. 

Commission to Consider the Subject of Municipal Laws 
as They Relate to the State and Municipalities— Joseph 
L. Munn, East Orange; Frederick W. Gnichtel, Trenton; 
Howard K. Stokes, Millville. 

Commission on Public Utility Franchises — Foster M. 
Voorhees, Chairman; Franklin Murphy, John C. Payne, 
Eckard P. Budd, Frank T. Lloyd. 

Commission to Revise and Codify Laws Relative to 
Master and Servant— Justice J. Franklin Fort, W, Holt 
Apgar, Alexander P. Maxwell 

Commissioners of Pilotage (Office, 17 State street. New 
York city)— Charles B. Parsons, Red Bank; John R. 
Dewar, Jersey City; Thomas A. Mathes, Tuckertown; 
Mark Townsend, Linwood; John Scully, Perth Amboy; 
Douglas Haley, Matiricetown; all in 1909. 
The Jamestown Exposition Commission — Alfred Cgoper, 
Cape May Court House: Harvey Leeds, Atlantic City; C. 
E. Breckenridge, May wood; James H. Smith, Somerville; 
Dr. E. L. S. Stevenson, New Brunswick; Richard Herbert, 
Wickatuck; James T. McMurraj^ Plainfield; A. B. Leach, 
South Orange; Wallace M. Scudder, Newark; Dr. T. K. 
Reed, Atlantic City. Secretary, Col. Lewis T. Bryant, At- 
lantic City. 

Commission to Revise the Corporation Laws of the State 



426 LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 

—William H. Corbin, Jersey City; John B. Vreeland, Mor- 
ristown; J. H. Gaskill, Camden. 

Commission to Revise the Poor Laws— Algernon T. 
Sweeney, Newark; Vivian M. Lewis, Paterson; Thomas 
A. Davis, Orange; William H. Speer, Jersey City; A. W. 
McDougal, Newark; Mrs. E. E. Williamson, Elizabeth. 

Emigration Commission— John D. Prince, Ringwood; D 
P. Merritt, Montclair; Miss J. Maud Campbell, Passaic. 

New Jersey Potable Water Commission— William Cloke, 
President, Trenton; John C. Payne, Secretary; Governor 
Stokes, ex-ofRcio; John R. Reynolds, Trenton; Robert 
Williams, Paterson; Michael F. McLoughlin, Newark; 
Henry B. Kummel, State Geologist, Trenton. 

Interstate Bridge Commission— James P. Minturn, Ho- 
boken; George T. Werts, Jersey City; Victor L. Mason, 
Passaic. 

Committee on Civil Service Regulation— Thomas J. H 1- 
lery, Boonton; John G. Horner, Palmyra; Everett Colby, 
West Orange. 

Commission to Revise Police Court Statutes— Algernon 
T. Sweeney, Newark; James J. Erwin, Jersey City; John 
Rellstab, Tretnton. 

Commission to Devise a Law Providing for a Division of 
the Profits of Public Utility Corporations— James H. Mc- 
Graw, Madison; A. B. Leach, South Orange; Alfred N. 
Barber, Trenton. 

Divorce Commission— Henry Collins Minton, Ttenton; 
William M. Lanning, Trenton; John R. Emery, Newark. 

East Jersey Proprietorship Commission — John D. Prince, 
Ringwood; Prankland Briggs, Newark; Heullngs Lippin- 
cott. Camden. 



LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 



New Year's Day— January ]. 
Lincoln's Birthday— Pebruary 12. 
Washington's Birthday— February 22. 
Memorial Day— May 30. 
Independence Day— July 4. 
Labor Day— First Monday in September. 
Thanksgiving Day— Last Thursday in November. 
General Election Day— First Tuesday after first Monday 
in November. 
Xmas Day— December 25. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 427 

SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



Terms of Office and Salaries of State Officers, and 
Members and Officers of the Legislature. 

Governor, three years, $10,000. Secretary to the Governor, 
three years, $4,000. Executive Clerk, $1,800. 

Secretary of State, five years, $6,000. Assistant, five years, 
$3,000. 

State Treasurer, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy State Treasurer, $2,500. 

State Comptroller, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy Comptroller, $3,600. 

Attorney-General, five years, $7,000. 

Assistant Attorney-General, $5,000; chief clerk, $2,500. 

Adjutant-General, $2,500; Assistant, $2,500. 

Quartermaster-General, $2,500; Chief Clerk, $2,500. 

Chancellor, seven years, $11,000. 

Vice-Chancellors, seven years, $10,000. 

Clerk in Chancery, five years, $6,000; Deputy, $3,000. 

Chief Justice Supreme Court, seven years, $11,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, seven years 
$10,000. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court, five years, $6,000; Assistant 
Clerk, $3,500. 

Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals, six years, ^$20 
a day for attendance at court and $20 a day, not exceeding 
thirty days each term, when engaged in examination of 
cases or writing of opinions. 

Circuit Court Judges, seven years, $7,500. 

District Court Judges, five years, $1,200 to $4,000, accord- 
ing to population. 

Chancery Reporter, $500. Law Reporter, $500. 

State Librarian, five years, $2,000. 

State Superintendent of Public Instruction, five years, 
$5,000; Assistant, $2,500. 

High School Inspector, $2,500. 

Keeper of the State Prison, five years, $3,500. 

Inspectors of the State Prison, five years, $500. 

Supervisor of the State Prison, three years, $3,000. 

Commissioners of the New Jersey Reformatory, four 
years, no salary. 

Superintendent of- the New Jersey Reformatory, five 
years, $3,000. 



42S SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, three years, 
$6,000; Deputy, $2,500. 

Custodian of tiie State House, at pleasure of the Grover- 
nor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller, $2,500; Assist- 
ant, $1,500. 

State Auditor, pleasure of Comptroller, salary, $2,500. 

Riparian Commissioners, five years, $1,500. 

State Board of Assessors, four years, $2,500; Secretary, 
$2,500. 

Board of Equalization of Taxes, five years, salaries- 
President, $5,000; others members, $3,500; Clerk, five years, 
salary, $2,500 and expenses; stenographer, $900. 

Chief of the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, five years, 
$2,500; Deputy, $2,000. 

Commissioner Department of Labor, three years, $2,500; 
Assistant Commissioner, three years, $1,500; Clerk, $1,500; 
Inspectors, three years, $1,000. 

Commissioner of Charities and Corrections, three years, 
$3,000; Assistant, three years, $2,500. 

State Board of Arbitration, three years, $1,200. 

Curator State Museum, $1,500. 

State Commissioner of Public Roads, three years, $5,000; 
$4,000 for clerk hire, etc. 

Supervisor of Public Roads. $2,500. 

Motor Vehicle Department — Commissioner, $1,500; Chie" 
Inspector, $1,500; Inspector, $3 a day. Appointed by Secre- 
tary of State. 

Commissioners of Pilotage, three years, fees. 

State Board of Education, five years, no salary. 

County Superintendents of Public Schools, three years, 
salary, $1,300 to $2,G00, and expenses. 

State Board of Health, seven years, no salary; Secre- 
tary, $3,000; Sanitary Inspector, $2,300; Bacteriologist, 
$2,000; Register of Statistics, $1,800. 

Chief Inspector of Foods and Drugs, $2,000. 

Board of Tenement House Supervision, five years, no 
salary. Secretary, salary, $2,500. Inspectors, $1,000 each. 
Architect, $1,800. Record Clerk, $1,200. 

Board of Managers Village for Epileptics, three years, no 
salary. 

Superintendent of the Village for Epileptics, $3,000. 
Steward, $1500. Assistant Physician, $800. 

State Sewerage Commission, three years, salary, $1,500; 
Secretary, $1,200. 

River Flood Commissioners, four years, salary, $2,500. 

Director Agricultural Experiment Station, $2,250. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 420 

Commissioners of Palisades Interstate Park, five years, 
no salary. 

Boards of Managers, State Hospitals, five years, no sal- 
ary; Treasurers, each, $500; Secretaries, each, $500; War- 
dens, $2,500 each. 

State HosDital officials appointed by Boards of Man- 
agers—Medical Directors, each $3,500. Morris Plains— First 
Assistant Medical Director, $1,800; Second Assistant, $1,500; 
Third Assistant, $1,200; Fourth Assistant, $1,100; Fifth As- 
sistant, $1,000; Sixth Assistant, $950. Trenton— First As- 
sistant Medical Director, $1,800; Second Assistant, $1,500; 
Third Assistant, $1,200; Fourth Assistant, $1,000. 

Fish and Game Commissioners, five years, salary $250; 
Fish and Game Protector, $1,500; Fish Wardens, each $600, 
and expenses, $200. 

Forest Park Reservation Commissioners, three years, 
no salary; Secretary, three years, salary $150. 

Trustees State Home for Boys, three years, no salary; 
Superintendent, $l,t)20. 

Trustees State Home for Girls, three years, no salary; 
Superintendent, $1,000; Treasurer, $500; Secretary, $200. 

Board of Managers of the Home for Feeble-minded 
Women, six years, no salary; Superintendent, $2,500. 

Board of Visitors to State Agricultural College, two 
years, no salary. 

Secretary State Board of Agriculture, $1,200. 

Members of Geological Survey, five years, no salary. 

State Geologist, $3,000; Assistant $1,200. 

State Board of Medical Examiners, three years, no 
salary. 

State Board of Pharmacy, five years, $5 a day and ex- 
penses. 

State Board of Dentistry, five years, no salary. 

Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, three years, no 
salary. 

iDoara of Forestry, three years, n oaslary. 

Public Library Commissioners, five years, no salary. 

State Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, Maiines and 
Their Wives, five years, no salary. Commandant, $1,500. 
Adjutant, $1,000. 

Inspector of Steamboats, one year, no salary. 

State Board of Children's Guardians, six years, no sal- 
ary; General Agent, $1,000. 

School Fund Superintendent. $2,000. 

State Oyster Commissioner, three years, $500; Superin- 
tendejit, $1,300. 



430 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

State Oyster Commission for District of Ocean County, 
three years, salary $250; Superintendent, $1,000. 

Oyster Commission for tlie District of Atlantic County, 
tliree years, salary' $500 first year, $300 afterward. 

Oyster Superintendent of Atlantic County, three years, 
salary $1,000. 

Chief of the State Bureau of Shell Fisheries, four years, 
salary $1,200. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Sanatorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases, four years, no salary; Secretary, 



Chief Inspector of Power Vessels, three years, salary 
$600 and expenses. Assistant, three years, $10 a day and 
expenses. 

State Board of Architects, two years, no salary. 

Board of Public Accountants, three years, $5 a day for 
actual services. 

State Board of Voting- Machine Commissioners, five 
years, $10 a day for actual service. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, three 
years, no salary. 

Members of County Boards of Equalization of Taxes, 
three years. Salaries— Essex and Hudson, $2,4C0; Passaic, 
$2,000; Bergen, Camden, Mercer and Union, $l,-600; Middle- 
sex and Monmouth, $1,400; Atlantic, Burlington, Cumber- 
land and Morris, $1,200; Cape May, Gloucester, Ocean, 
Salem, Somerset, Sussex and Warren, $1,000. 

State Senators, three years, and Members of the Assem- 
bly, one year, $500. 

Senate Officers— President. $666.66; President's Private 
Secretary, $600; Secretary, $1,500; Assistant Secretary, $1,200; 
Supervisor of Bills, $1,200; one Assistant, $600; Journal 
Clerk, $1,000; Assistant Journal Clerk, $500; Sergeant-at- 
Arms, $700; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, $500; Calendar 
Clerk, $500; Bill Clerks, $500; five Door and Gallery Keepers, 
each $350; four Pages, each $200; Clerk to Committee on 
Printed Bills, $500. 

House of Assembly Officers— Speaker, $666.66; Speaker's 
Private Secretary, $600; Assistant Secretary, $400; Clerk, 
$1,500; Assistant Clerk, $1,200; Supervisor of Bills. $1,300; 
two Assistants, $600 each; Journal Clerk, $1,000; Assistant 
Journal Clerk, $500; Sergeant-at-Arms, $700; two Assistant 
Sergeant-at-Arms, each $500; twelve Doorkeepers, each 
$350; ten Pages, each $200; Clerk to Committee on Printed. 
Bills, $500; Bill Clerk and Assistant, $500 each; four Clerks 
to Committees, each $300. 



MILITARY. 431 

MILITARY. 



Roster of Ofificers of the National Guard. 

Commander-in-Chief— Governor Edward C. Stokes. 

Staff— Adjutant-General, Brigadier-General R. Heber 
Breintnall; Quartermaster-General, Brigadier-General C. 
Edward Murray; Surgeon-General, Brigadier-General 
John D. McGill; Inspector-General, Brigadier-General 
Joseph W. Congdon; Inspector-General of Rifle Practice, 
Brigadier-General Bird W. Spencer; Judge Advocate-Gen- 
eral, Brigadier-General Edward P. Meany; Aide-de-Camp, 
Colonel Joseph S. Frelinghuysen. 

Department Staff— Assistant Adjutant-General, Lieut. - 
Colonel Charles W. Parker; Deputy Adjutant-General, 
Colonel James S. Kiger; Assistant Quartermasters-Gen- 
eral, Colonel James V. Oliphant, Colonel D. Stewart Cra- 
ven; Assistant Commissary-General, Colonel William H. 
Earley; Deputy Quartermaster-General, Lieut-Colonel Al- 
exander R. Fordyce, Jr.; Assistant Paymaster-General, 
Major Samuel S. Armstrong; Assistant Military Store- 
keeper, Captain John H. Crissey; Assistant Surgeon-Gen- 
eral, Colonel Edmund L. B. Godfrey; Medical Inspector, 
Lieut. -Colonel Mortimer Lampson; Assistant Inspectors- 
General, Lieut. -Colonel Lewis T. Bryant, Lieut. -Colonel 
Charles Boltwood; Assistant Inspectors-General of Rifle 
Practice, Colonel Charles A. Reid, Lieut. -Colonel Richard 
B. Reading, Lieut.-Colonel Alfred T. Holley, Lieut.-Colo- 
nel William Libbey; Assistant Judge Advocate-General, 
Major Arthur Johns. 

Division Headquarters, Jersey City— Major-General 
Peter Farmer Wanser. 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant-General, Colonel Thomas S. 
Chambers; Inspector, Colonel Daniel B. Murphy; Surgeon, 
Colonel George W. Terriberry; Quartermaster, Lieut.-Col- 
onel James W. Howard; Judge Advocate, Lieut.-Colonel 
and Brevet Brigadier-General George E. P. Howard; 
Chief of Artillery, Colonel A. Judson Clark; Aides-de- 
Camp, Major Walter F. Whittemore, Major Forrest Fair- 
child Dryden, Major Leon W. Manton. 

First Brigade Headquarters, Newark— Brigadier-General 
Edward A. Campbell. 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant-General, Lieut.-Colonel, va- 
cancy. Inspector, Lieut.-Colonel, vacancy; Surgeon, 
Lieut.-Colonel William J. Parker; Quartermaster, 



432 MILITARY. 

Major Hobart Tuttle; Paymastei', Major Allan B. 
Wallace; Judge Advocate, Major Robert I. Hopper; En- 
gineer, Major S. Wood McClave; Aides-de-Camp, Captain 
Alexander P. Gray, Jr., Captain 

Second Brigade Headquarters, Trenton— Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Quincy O'M. Gillmore. 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant-General, Lieut. -Colonel Fred- 
erick Gilkyson; Inspector, Lieut.-Colonel William E. Ped- 
rick; Surgeon, Lieut.-Colonel Richard R. Rogers, Jr.; 
Quartermaster, Major Charles W. Irwin; Judge Advocate, 
Major Harry C. Valentine; Engineer, Major Edwin B. 
Broadway; Aides-de-Camp, Captain Mahlon R. Margerum. 
Captain Peter A. VanDcren. 

First Regim„ent, Infantry, Headquarters, Newark— Col- 
onel Henry W. Freeman; Adjutant, Captain Alvin H. 
Graff. 

Second Regiment, Infantry, Headquarters, Trenton— Col- 
onel Dennis F. Collins; Adjutant, Captain John M. Rogers. 

Third Regiment, Infantry, Headquarters, Camden— Col- 
onel John A. Mather; Adjutant, Captain Harry C. Kramer. 

Fourth Regiment, Infantry, Headquarters, Jersey City- 
Colonel Joseph H. Brensinger; Adjutant, Captain Benja- 
min M. Gerardin. 

Fifth Regiment, Infantry, Headquarters, Paterson- Coi 
onel Edwin W. Hine; Adjutant, Captain John T. Hilton. 

First Troop, Cavalry, Newark— Captain William A. 
Bryant. 

Second Troop, Cavalry, Red Bank— Captain iJdwin Field. 

Battery A, Field Artillery, Orange— Captain Oscar H. 
Condit. 

Battery B, Field Artillery, Camiden— Captain Samuel G. 
Barnard. 

Signal and Telegraph Corps, Headquarters, Jersey City- 
Captain William C. Sherwood, Signal Officer. 



Roster of Officers of the Naval Reserve. 

First Battalion, Armory, U. S. S. "Portsmouth," Ho- 
boken, N. J.— Commander Edward McClure Peters; Ex- 
ecutive Officer, Lieutenant Commander Charles B. Daven- 
port; Signal Officer and Aide, Lieutenant (junior grade) 
William P. O'Rourke. 

Second Battalion, Armory, U. S. S. "Huntress," Camden, 
... J.— Commander Albert De Unger; Executive Officer, 
Lieutenant Commander Edward O. Hollo way; Signal Offi- 
cer, Lieutenant (junior grade"* Louis H. Miller. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 433 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 



County Officers, With the Date of the Expiration of Their 
Term of Oflftce, Time of Holding Courts, &c. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

County Seat— Mays Landing-. Population, 1,359. 

Sheriff— Smith E. Johnson, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— (leorge Senft, 1908; Edmund C. Gaskill, Jr., 
1907; William J. Dubler, 1909; 

County Clerk— Lewis P. Scott, 1910. 

Surrogate— Emanuel C. Shaner, 1907. 

County Collector— L. C. Albertson, Atlantic City. 

Circuit Judge— Thomas W. Trenchard, ad interim. 

County Judge— Enoch A. Higbee, 1908. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Joseph E. P. Abbott, 1908. 

County Lunatic Asylum— T. L. McConnell, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— John D. Carver (1907), Louis 
A. Reppetto (1908), Dems.; William Howenstime (1908), 
Harry Jenkins (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesday in April, September 
and December. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

County Seat— Hackensack. Population, 11,098. 

Sheriff— James W. Mercer, Rep., 1907. 

Coroners— Ellsworth M. Pell, Archibald D. Lees, both 
1907; Cornelius Collins, 1908. 

County Clerk— John R. Ramsey, 1910. 

Surrogate— David A. Pell, 1908. 

County Collector— Orrin S. Trail, Hillsdale. 

Circuit Judge— Abram Q. Garretson, 1908. 

County Judge— David D. Zabriskie, 1908. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Ernest Koester, 1910. 

County Board of Elections— William Ely (1907), William 
H. Rodgers (1908), Dems.; Abram C. Holdrum (1908), Albert 
Hoffman (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— April, first Tuesday; September, second 
Tuesday; and December, second Tuesday. 
28 



434 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

County Seat— Mount Holly. Population, 5,509. 

Sherlff--John J. Norcross, Rep., 1908, 

Coroners— Joshua D. Janney, 1908; Barclay Seeds, 1909; 
Enoch Deworth, 1907. 

County Clerk— Watson T. Sooy, 1909. 

Surrogate — "William P. Lippincott, 1911. 

Auditor— William W. Worrell. 

County Collector— Joseph Powell, Mount Holly. 

Circuit Judg'e- Charles E. Hendrickson, 1908. 

County Judge— John G. Horner, ad interim. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas^Samuel Atkinson, 1910. 

County Lunatic Asylum— C. H. Deacon, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— Henry W. Savage (1907), 
Robert Glasgow (1908), Dems.; Walter E. Borden( 1908), 
Thomas B. Gaskell (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Fourth Tuesday in April, September 
and December, 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

County Seat— Camden. Population, 83,363. 

Sheriff- Frank C. Somers, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— Joel W. Fithian, 1908; Grant E. Kirk, Frank 
O. Stem, 1907. 

County Clerk— Frank F. Patterson, Jr., 1911. 

Register of Deeds— Edward W. Delacroix, 1910. 

Surrogate— Harry Reeves, 1907. 

County Collector— John W. Sell, Camden. 

Circuit Judge— Charles G. Garrison, 1909. 

County Judge— Charles Van Dyke Joline, 1907. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Henry S. Scovel, ad interim; 
Assistant, Charles A. Wolverton. 

Port Warden— Charles A. Wolverton. 

County Lunatic Asylum— C. F. Curry, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— Francis J. McAdams (1908), 
Gottleib C, Mick (1907), Dems.; Lewis H. Stehr (1907), Ed- 
win L. Wilcox (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday, April; second Tuesday, 
September and December. 



COT^NTY DIRECTORY. 435 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

County Seat— Cape May Court House. Population, . 

Sheriff— William H. Brig-ht, Rep., 1907. 

Coroners— William H. Thompson, 1908; Nathan A. Cohen 
1909; Robert S. Miller, 19-37. 

County Clerk— Julius Way, 1910. 

Surrogate— E. Clinton Hewitt, 1907. 

County Collector— Joseph I. Scull, Ocean City. 

Circuit Judg-e- Thomas W. Tronchard, ad interim. 

County Judg-e— James M. E. Hildreth, 1911. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Harry S. Douglas, 1908. 

County Board of Elections— Charles A. Norton (1908), 
Michael H. Kearns (1907), Dems. ; Henry F. Dougherty 
(1908), Joseph K. Hand (197), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Fourth Tuesday in April, September 
and December. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

County Seat— Bridgeton. Population, 13,624. 

Sheriff— Daniel Souder, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners- Johnson Hitchner, 1908; E. Burton Bradford 
1907; John S. Halsey, 1909. 

County Clerk— Samuel M. Sheldon, 1909. 

Surrogate— John A. C. Thompson, 1908. 

County Collector— E. P. Bacon, Bridgeton. 

Circuit Judge— Thomas W. Trenchard, ad interim. 

County Judge— Vacancy. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— J. Hampton Fithian, 1909. 

County Lunatic Asylum— David Elwell, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— John Ogden (1907), George 
W. Eckart (1908), Dems.; Charles E. Bellows (1907) John 
R. Radcliffe (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 
County Seat— Newark. Population, 283,289. 
Sheriff— Prank H. Sommer, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners-Charles A Keyler. Elmer G. Wherry Louis 
L. Davidson, 1908. 
County Clerk— Arthur Horton, 1907. 
Surrogate— George E. Russell, 1909. 



436 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Collector— Richard W. Booth, Franklin. 

County Supervisor— John F. Otterbein. 

Register of Deeds— Edward S. Perry, 1910. 

Circuit Judge— Chief Justice William S. Gummere, 1908. 

County Judge— Jay TenEyck, 1911. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Henry Young, 1909. 

Assistant Prosecutor— Wilbur A. Mott, 1909. 

County Lunatic Asylum— Dr. D. M. Dill, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— Enos Runyon (1908), Edward 
Hart (1907), Dems.; Harry Kalisch (1907), Samuel C. Mar- 
tin (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 
County Sea.t— Woodbury. Population, 4,560. 

Sheriff— Charles Wilson, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— Allan B. Black, 1908; James Hunter, Jr., Sam- 
uel S. Ledden, 1907. 

County Clerk— Frank B. Ridgway, 1907. 

Surrogate— Anthony G. Silver, 1909. 

County Collector— George E. Pierson, Woodbury. 

Circuit Judge— Charles G. Garrison, 1909. 

County Judge— John S. Jessup, 1907. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Lewis Starr, 1911. 

County Lunatic Asylum— Joseph Ridgeway, Steward. 

County Board of Elections— Thomas C, Dikes (1907), 
Charles J. Wolferth (1908), Dems.; George E. Pierson 
(1908), Samuel D. Beckett (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in February and third 
Tuesday in May and October. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 

County Seat— Jersey City. Population, 232,699. 

Sheriff— John C. Kaiser, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— Chauncey V. Bunnell, 1908; James McLaugh- 
lin, 1909; Robert Schlemm, 1909. 
County Clerk— John Rotherham, 1910. 
Surrogate— John P. Egan, 1911. 
County Collector— Stephen M. Egan, Jersey City. 
County Supervisor— H. Otto Wittpen. 
Register of Deeds— James C. Clarke, 1910. 
Circuit Judge— John Franklin Fort, 1908. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 437 

County Judge— John A. Blair, 1908. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— William H. Speer, 1908. 

Assistant Prosecutor— George T. Vickers. 

Port Warden— John J. Toffey, 1908. 

Harbor Masters— Vacancies. 

County Lunatic Asylum— George W. King, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— John Zeller (1908), John C. 
Sweeney (1907), Dems. ; vacancy; Robert West (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 
County Seat— Flemington. Population, 2,000. 

Sheriff— Elisha W. Opdycke, Dem., 1908. 

Coroners— Eugene Hoffman, 1908; George M. Pidcock, 
1907; John D. Stockton, 1909. 

County Clerk— Oliver A. Farley, 1910. 

Surrogate— George F. Hanson, 1910. 

County Collector— William E. Trewin, Flemington. 

Circuit Judge— Alfred Reed, 1911. 

County Judge— John L. Connett, ad interim. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— George K. Large, 1911. 

County Board of Elections— George W. Snyder (1907), 
Johnson Warford (1908), Dems.; John T Force (1908), 
Frank Barkley (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesday in April, second Tues- 
day in September and second Tuesday in December, 

MERCER COUNTY. 

County Seat— Trenton. Population, 84,180. 

Sheriff— William L. Wilbur, Rep., 1908. 
Coroners— John R. D. Bower, Edmund R. Nutt, George 
B. Hulit, 1908. 
County Clerk— Charles H. Baker, 1908. 
Surrogate— John W. Cornell, 1909. 
County Collector— Edward P. Mount, Trenton. 
Circuit Judge— Alfred Reed, 1911. 
County Judge— John Rellstab, 1910. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas— William J. Crossley, 1908. 
Assistant Prosecutor— William R. Piper. 
County Board of Elections— E. Dowdy Wood (1908), An- 



438 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

thony S. Brennan (1907), Dems.; Holmes E. La Rue (1908), 
Charles H. Mather (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in January, second 
Tuesday in May, and second Tuesday in October. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 
County Seat— New Brunswick. Population, 23,133. 

Sheriff— Andrew S. Church, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— Charles R. Moke, 1908; Harry O. Bishop, 1908; 
Jesse H. Beekman, 1909. 

County Clerk— John H. Conger, 1909. 

Surrogate— Peter Francis Daly, 1907. 

County Collector— H. Raymond Groves, New Brunswick. 

Circuit Judge— Francis J. Swayze, 1910. 

County Judge— Theodore Booraem, 1911. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— George Berdine, 1909. 

Health Officer, Port of Perth Amboy— Dr. Frank C. 
Henry. 

County Board of Elections— Hendrick H. Brown (1908). 
Oliver Kelly (1907), Dems.; John E. Elmendorf (1907), John 
H. Suydam (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April, third Tuesday 
in September, and second Tuesday in December. 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 
County Seat — Freehold. Population, 3,064. 

Sheriff— Charles Asa Francis, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— John R. Gravatt, John T. Tetley, William E. 
Macdonald, 1908. 

County Clerk— Joseph McDermott, 1909. 

Surrogate— David S. Crater, 1908. 

County Collector — Richard W. Herbert, Freehold. 

Circuit Judge— Charles B. Hendrickson, 1908. 

County Judge— John E. Foster, 1910. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Henry M. Nevius, 1909, 

Assistant Prosecutor— Andrew H. Stokes. 

County Board of Elections— John P. Walker (1908), 
Charles E. Conover (1907), Dems.; John C. Patterson (1908), 
David D. Denise (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday after the first day of 
January, first Tuesday in May and October. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 439 

MORRIS COUNTY. 
County Seat— Morristown. Population, 12,146. 

Sheriff— George Shaw, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— William M. Decker, Aldo Bliss Coultas, 1908; 
George Hitchins, 1909. 

County Clerk— Daniel S. Voorhees, 1908. 

Surrogate— David Young, 1908. 

County Collector— Joseph F. McLean, Butler. 

Circuit Judge— Abram Q. Garretson, 1908. 

County Judge— Alfred Elmer Mills, 1908. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Charles A. Rathbun, 1908. 

County Board of Elections— Clifford A, Fairchild (1907), 
John W. Fancer (1908), Dems.; A. A. Vance (1907), Sidney 
Collins (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in January, first Tues- 
day in May, and second Tuesday in October. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 
County Seat— Toms River. Population, about 1,350. 

Sheriff— Howard Jeffrey, 1908. 

Coroners— George E^ Bennett, J. Holmes, Harvey, 1908; 
David O. Parker, 1907. 

County Clerk— George H. Ilolman, 1908. 

Surrogate— Joseph Grover, 1907. 

County Collector— Cornelius C. Pearce, Burrsville. 

Circuit Judffe- Charles E. Hendrickson, 1908. 

County Judge— Albert C. Martin, 1907. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Theodore J. R. Brown, 1907. 

County Board of Elections— David C. Brower (1907), 
Cornelius D. Kelly (1908), Dems.; Arthur B. Clute (1907), 
Mark Bailey (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesday in April, second Tues- 
day in September and second Tuesday in December. 

• PASSAIC COUNTY. 

County Seat— Paterson. Population, 111,599. 

Sheriff— Frank J. Van Noort, Dem., 1909. 
Coroners— Robert C. Moore, 1908; William G. McClincey, 
1908; Edward L. Wheeler, 1907. 
County Clerk— John J. Slater, 1911. 



440 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

Surrogate— Charles M. King:, 1910. 

Register of Deeds— Richard Cogan, 1911. 

County Collector— John L. Conklin, Paterson. 

Circuit Judge— Mahlon Pitney, 1908. 

County Judge— Francis Scott, 1907. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Eugene Emley, 1911. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — Ralph W. Shaw. 

County Lunatic Asylum— John G. Donnelly, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— John W, DeMott (1908), 
Frank T. Forbes (1907), Dems.; Stephen Dawson (1908), 
Hinman A. Baxter (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday after the first day of Jan- 
uary, fourth Tuesday in April and September. 

SALEM COUNTY. 
County Seat— Salem. Population, 6,443. 

Sheriff— Collins B. Allen, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— William M. Donnelly, Alpheus B. Woodruff, 
1908; James D. Torton, 1909. 

County Clerk— Benjamin E. Harris, 1909. 

Surrogate— Loren P. Plummer, 1907. 

County Collector— James Butcher, Salem. 

Circuit Judge — Thomas W. Trenchard, ad interim. 

County Judge— Clement H. Sinnickson, 1911. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— J. Furman Sinnickson, 1910. 

County Lunatic Asylum— William B. Turner, Supt. 

County Board of Elections— Roger F. Moran (1908), Will- 
iam B. Jones (1907). Dems. ; Firman H. Lloyd (1907), Henry 
Coombs (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in January, May and 
October, 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

County Seat — Somerville. Population, 5,507. 

Sheriff— Edward E. Cooper, Rep., 1907. 
Coroners— William H. Long, Jr., Frank L. Field, both in 
1907; Fred A. Wild, 1909. 
County Clerk— Alexander G. Anderson, 1908. 
Surrogate— William J. De Mond, 1907. 
County Collector— E. B. Allen, Somerville. 
Circuit Judges Abram Q. Garretson, 1908. 
County Judge— Louis H. Schenck, 1910. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas— John F. Reger, 1910. 
Assistant Prosecutor— E. J. Johnson, Jr. 



COUNTY DIIIECTORY. 4li 

County Board of Elections— John H.. Mattison (1907), 
Jacob Shurts (1908), Dems. ; H. W. Reusswig (1908), Charles 
H. Bateman (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in April, fourth Tuesday 
in September and fourth Tuesday in December. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 
County Seat— Newton. Population, 4,422. 

Sheriff— Judson K. Gunn, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— Charles M. Dunning, 1907; Edwin W. Landes, 
1908; Ephraim Morris, 1909. 

County Cnerk— Ora C. Simpson, 1907. 

Surrogate— Jacob M. Demarest, 1908. 

County Collector— William E. Ross, Sparta, 

Circuit Judge— Mahlon Pitney, 1908. 

County Judge— Joseph Coult, Jr., 1911. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Henry Huston, 1907. 

County Board of Elections— Robert T. Smith (1907), Will- 
iam D. Wilson (1908), Dems.; Williarti H. Dalrymple (1907), 
A .D. Cornell (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

UNION COUNTY. 
County Seat— Elizabeth. Population, 60,509. 

Sheriff— William H. Lawrence, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— Joseph Hagan, 1908; Henry M. Pierson, 1907; 
Charles B. Lufburrow, 1909. 

County Clerk— James C. Calvert, 1909. 

Surrogate— George T. Parrot, 1907. 

Register of Deeds— Frank H. Smith, 1909. 

County Collector— N. R. Leavitt, Elizabeth. 

Circuit Judge— Francis J. Swayze, 1910. 

County Judge— Edward S. Atwater, ad interim. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Nicholas C. J. EnglisTi, 1908. 

Harbor Master, Elizabeth and Elizabeth Creek— John P. 
Arnold. 

County Board of Elections— Robert H. McAdams (1907), 
Frederick Zior (1908), Dems.; George Stewart (1907), Wal- 
ter L. Hatfield, Jr. (1908), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 



442 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

WARREN COUNTY. 
County Seat— Belvidere. Population, 1,869. 

Sheriff— Andrew Merrick, Rep., 1908. 

Coroners— John S. Stone, Jesse Smith, 1908; Edward W. 
Sharps. 1909. 

County Clerk— Charles Hoagland, 1910. 

Surrogate— James A. Allen, 1909. 

County Collector— H. O. Carhart, Blairstown. 

Circuit Judge— Alfred Reed, 1911. 

County Judge— George M. Shipman, 1908. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— John I. Blair Reiley, 1911. 

County Board of Elections— J. William Miller (1908), 
T. S. White (1907), Dems.; William M. Everett (1908), John 
Brady (1907), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Fourth Tuesday in April, fourth Tues- 
day in September and the first Tuesday after the fourth 
Tuesday in December. 



Time of Holding Courts. 

The Court of Chancery meets on the first Tuesday in 
February, the third Tuesday in May and the third Tues- 
day in October. 

The Supreme Court meets on the third Tuesday in Feb- 
ruary, the first Tuesday in June and the first Tuesday in 
November. 

The Court of Errors and Appeals meets on the first Tues- 
day in March, the third Tuesday in June and the third 
Tuesday in November. 

The Court of Pardons meets on the second Tuesday in 
March, the third Tuesday in June and the third Tuesday in 
November. 

. The Prerogative Court meets on the first Tuesday in Feb- 
ruary, the third Tuesday in May and the third Tuesday in 
October. 

The U. S. Circuit Court meets on the fourth Tuesday in 
March and the fourth Tuesday in September. 

The U. S. District Court meets on the third Tuesday in 
January, April, June and September. 

United States Court of Appeals meets first Tuesday in 
March and the third Tuesday in September. 

CIRCUITS OF NEW JERSEY. 

The Circuits of New Jersey are divided as follows: 

1st District— Cape May, Cumberland, Salem and Atlantic. 
Justice Trtnchard. 

2d District— Gloucester and Camden. Justice Garrison. 

3d District — Monmouth, Burlington and Ocean. Justice 
Hendrickson. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 443 

4th District— Mercer, Hunterdon and Warren. Justice 
Reed. 

5th District— Middlesex and Union. Justice Swayze. 

6th District— Somerset, Morris and Bergen. Justice Gar- 
retson. 

7th District — Essex. Chief Justice Gummere. 

8th Di.stricL— Hudson. Justice Fort. 

9th District— Passaic and Sussex. Justice Pitney. 

For time of holding county courts, see County Directory 

CIRCUIT JUDGES' DISTRICTS. 

Essex County— Judges Frederic Adams and Wilbur A. 
Pleisley. 

Hudso?! County— Judges Charles W. Parker and Ben- 
jamin A. Vail. 

Camden, Gloucester. Salem, Cumberland, Atlantic and 
Cape May Counties— Judge Allen B. Endicott. 
Passaic and Sussex Counties— Judge Wilbur A. Heisley. 

Bergen, Morris and Union Counties— Judge Benjamin A. 
Vail. 

Burlington, Monmouth, Ocean, Mercer, Middlesex, Som- 
erset, Hunterdon and Warren Counties— Judge Frank T. 
Lloyd. 



444 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



NEW JERSEY ELECTION 

OFFICIAL, 1906. 



RETURNS. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

Congress • 



-Assembly- 



a c. 

o 

Absecon City — 

1 ward .....'.. 54 

2 ward. 45 

Atlantic City — 

1 ward, 1 dis. 278 

2 dis. 232 

3 dis. 401 

2 ward, 1 dis. 216 

2 dis. 292 

3 dis. 146 

3 ward, 1 dis. 155 

2 dis. 164 

3 dis. 177 

4 dis. 147 

5 dis. 118 

6 dis. 22G 

4 ward, 1 dis. 287 

2 dis. 354 

3 dis. 248 

4 dis. 168 

Total 3609 

Brigantine City — 

1 ward 2 

2 ward 14 

Buona Vista twp 256 

Egg Harbor City 262 

Egg Harbor twp 155 

Tolsom Borough 33 
Gallaway twp — • 

1 dis 113 

2 dis 68 

Hamilton twp.. 232 
Hammonton — 

1 dis 189 

2 dis 179 

l.inwood Bor... 68 

'iinsport Bor. . 24 

Miillica twp. ... 67 
Northfleld— 

1 ward 31 

2 ward 33 

Pleasantville — ■ 

1 dis 128 

2 dis 155 

Port Republic — • 

1 ward 33 

2 ward 20 

Somers Point City — 

1 ward ....... 42 

2 ward 50 

So. Atlantic City 23 

Ventnor City. . . 27 

Weymouth "twp 7.3 

5085 






£ o .Co ,-, 



H 



19 
12 

33 
27 
28 
28 
22 
16 
9 
12 
23 
17 
11 
21 
75 
121 
75 
70 



4 

4 

121 

143 

92 

18 

112 

78 
94 

49 
30 
46 
6 
24 

3 

5 

24 
17 

13 
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29 

29 

26 

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113 



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40 
14 
21 
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69 
95 
77 
41 
53 
10 

109 
73 

130 



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55 
45 

294 
245 
412 
229 
293 
153 
158 
169 
178 
137 
135 
236 
292 
433 
221 
251 









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13 

115 

60 

20 

49 

33 

35 

89 

82 

128 

54 

47 

75 

84 

162 

133 

130 





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9 


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588 88 19 932 3836 1296 80 20 



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1717 181 44 1103 0249 2001 105 40 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



445 



BERGEN COUNTY. 



CoDcress— 



■Assembly- 



Alpine Bor o5 42 

Allendale Bor 98 72 

Bergenfield Bor 96 124 

Bogota Bor 63 40 

Closter Bor 146 155 

Carlstadt Bor— 1 dis. 193 226 

2 dis. 92 149 

ClifEside Park Bor. . . 96 29S 

Cresskill Bor 66 36 

Demarest Bor 45 28 

Delford Bor 78 59 

Dumont Bor 195 57 

Etna Bor 48 47 

Edgewater Bor 1S4 204 

Englewood City — 

1 ward 176 63 

2 ward. 137 87 

3 ward 110 190 

4 ward 158 197 

East Rutherford — 

1 dis 197 213 

2 dis 85 43 

Englewood Cliffs Ror 25 17 

Faii-yiew Bor 120 170 

Fort Lee Bor— 1 dis. 20C 203 

2 dis. 83 114 

Franklin Twp lo3 79 

Garfield Bor- 1 dis.. 229 168 

2 dis.. 58 127 

Glen Rock Bor 63 58 

Harrington Twp .58 38 

Harrinjjton Park Bor. .43 30 

llasbrouck Hts Bor. .191 125 

Haworth Bor 29 33 

Hillsdale Twp 121 00 

Hohokus Twp .332 217 

Leonia Bor 100 58 

Little Ferry Bor 69 96 

Lodi Bor 173 1.36 

Lodl Twp 64 62 

Mavwood Bor 60 63 

Midland Twp 98 44 

Midland Park Bor... 131 110 

Montvale Bor 42 46 

New Barbadoes Twn-- 

1 ward 171 304 

2 ward, 1 dis 141 202 

2 dis 98 139 

3 ward 297 1S6 

4 ward 307 167 

5 ward 116 112 

North Arlington Bor. 15 33 

Norwood 'Bor r>3 52 

Oakl.ind Bor. .30 36 

Old Tappan Bor 10 J5 

Orvil Twp 72 105 

Orvil Bor 50 21 

Overpeck Twp 237 227 



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4 


213 


211 


96 


97 


4 


4 





56 


67 


62 


67 








2 


52 


61 


63 


62 


1 


2 


2 


90 


88 


51 


52 


2 


<; 


3 


145 


157 


81 


93 


4 


5 


3 


44 


41 


44 


47 


3 





2 


175 


172 


299 


306 


2 


2 


4 


162 


167 


184 


173 


3 


S 


3 


102 


100 


132 


134 


2 


3 


7 


295 


298 


ISO 


178 








12 


291 


298 


169 


169 


14 


17 


7 


115 


114 


111 


109 


8 


11 


3 


10 


15 


.38 


33 








1 


63 


62 


52 


52 


1 


1 


2 


29 


29 


36 


36 


2 


o 





10 


9 


45 


45 








3 


70 


69 


110 


112 


3 


.T 





52 


55 


17 


15 





() 


1 


200 


220 


275 


220 


1 


o 



446 



ELEC'TION RETURNS. 



BERGEN COUNTY.— Continued. 



Ccaigress 



■Assembly- 



C C< ^ C C3 c 

^ Q. ~ i .3 g 

K ::; O 

Palisarlos Tvp 91 t)7 5 

Falisafles Park Ror. . 109 52 5 

Park Ridae Por 147 122 .3 

Ri(l.i;eflelcl Bor 01 51 1 

Ridirewoocl T^\ •) - 

1 dis 220 78 2 

2 dis 2:^9 83 3 

Riverside Bor 74 33 3 

Riverdale Twi» 50 49 1 

Rutlierford Bor — 

1 dis 30(! 132 4 

2 dis 318 124 5 

Saddle River Mor 47 23 

Saddle River Twp... 137 214 1 

Teaneok Twp ll^i 57 

Tenaflv Bor 218 174 4 

Union Twp 153 250 1 

Up. Saddle River Bor IG 44 2 

Wallington Bor 118 233 2 

Washin^'ton T.vp 10 14 

Westwood Bor 107 115 5 

Woodoll/T Bor 35 47 4 

Woodridge Bor G9 G4 4 

8940 8009 245 
Socialist. 308. 



.s& 




S o 


4-^ ^ 


5 p 


^.t 


t^ 


03 


2Q 


Sa 


c:l, 


.^. 


p 


fc, 


EI^ 


H 


"^ 


Q 


78 


81 


'lOl 


113 


5 


5 


lOG 


111 


54 


54 


,5 


4 


108 


125 


90 


140 


3 


3 


83 


90 


52 


50 


1 


1 


224 


228 


79 


78 


2 


2 


242 


241 


82 


79 


3 


.3 


78 


74 


32 


31 


2 


3 


50 


50 


48 


48 


1 


1 


294 


310 


142 


120 


4 


;. 


305 


335 


132 


107 





5 


49 


47 


10 


22 








174 


174 


178 


170 


1 


1 


lie 


118 


57 


53 





:) 


204 


210 


180 


178 


4 


4 


100 


177 


233 


230 


1 


1 


14 


18 


45 


44 


2 


2 


1.34 


129 


217 


218 


1 


2 


10 


10 


14 


14 








107 


no 


110 


110 


4 


7 


33 


30 


47 


49 


1 


I 


37 


72 


02 


97 









8027 9130 8079 7984 237 273 



ELiECTION RETURNS. 447 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

C<itigre;:s — Senator — Assembly Surrogate 



§d ^^a Bd §a ^^ -ft »"a2a g^ «£ .a 

^P3 go ^tf SQ s^ otf |pir «o «5 Ic^ Ic 

Bass River 72 114 85 107 3 84 80 113 4 81 113 

Beverly City... 283 121 259 120 38 257 243 122 90 245 170 

Beverly Twp. . 275 14S 2i;i 148 26 276 263 148 38 265 163 
Bordentown — 

1 ward 201 69 166 45 69 197 210 67 16 206 75 

2 ward 170 83 125 49 92 149 1.30 102 49 144 118 

3 ward 126 S3 88 75 44 93 88 112 14 91 118 

Bordento'n Twp 98 49 80 38 27 98 102 48 5 100 52 
Burlington — • 

1 ward ISO 165 1S2 160 3 184 190 161 4 172 172 

2 ward, 1 di.s 154 90 153 92 4 155 160 S9 '1 151 96 

2 dis 148 66 147 65 152 156 62 1.50 64 

3 ward 213 187 209 188 2 215 224 183 214 186 

4 ward 212 117 211 119 3 212 215 122- 3 210 126 

Burlington Twp 80 28 67 31 10 73 86 27 11 80 31 

Cliester. East.. 262 67 208 112 20 258 2.58 67 6 263 77 

Chester, West. 308 Hi 208 174 14 307 307 144 4 314 l4o 

Chesterfield ... 98 36 fi9 32 52 95 94 36 24 93 47 

Cinnaminson .. 114 102 121 90 5 109 107 108 5 124. 98 

Delran 04 88 .56 87 9 61 60 87 7 65 86 

Kasthanipton .. 85 63 74 (i5 9 74 83 63 5 75 75 

Evesham 1.35 109 128 109 135 136 109 13 132 118 

Fieldsboro Bor. 71 46 57 .38 .35 58 85 46 .39 76 .56 

Florence 278 199 273 199 2 270 272 201 1 276 198 

Lumberton 220 70 184 97 15 220 220 69 12 190 104 

Mansfield ITS 160 167 148 22 177 177 1-57 4 176 163 

Medford 187 i.'O 183 93 3 189 188 88 3 171 )07 

Mount Laurel.. 200 100 183 113 1 202 202 100 242 59 

New Hanover.. 71 117 .59 100 37 68 62 116 30 71 ,19 

North Hanover. 82 81 42 49 79 72 69 78 51 82 S4 
Northampton — 

1 ward 208 118 200 118 12 204 198 125 3 1.50 179 

2 ward 163 105 1.52 102 17 466 163 107 6 101 l7l 

3 ward 2.52 140 239 139 23 -2.51 246 140 22 140 2.50 

Paljnyra 224 120 204 130 9 226 228 118 6 225 121 

Pemberton Bor. SO 87 96 67 11 85 79 82 24 72 99 

Pemberton Twp 118 159 190 44 15 155 142 99 11 145 105 
Riverside — 

1 dis 177 123 176 128 5 177 174 127 10 163 141 

2 dis 110 66 98 66 6 109 105 68 7 117 62 

River ton Bor. 1.39 71 129 77 3 137 142 69 3 138 71 

Shamong 69 28 ^i^ 31 6 63 59 32 5 61 36 

Southampton .. 271 192 257 200 13 .3.32 2.52 183 5 2.35 2.32 

Springfield 168 1.39 1.35 138 33 1.59 1.59 142 21 1.59 147 

Tabernacle 75 47 6fi 46 13 79 75 44 4 72 46 

Washington ... 146 22 14.2 22 4 142 142 22 5 146 22 

Westhampton . 65 20 49 28 9 59 49 21 19 64 21 

Willinsboro ... .59 70 .59 68 5 58 57 66 16 59 69 

Woodland 47 29 42 32 49 46 32 43 33 

6966 4328 6406 4179 808 6891 6783 4302 (512 6555 4820 
Prohil)ition, 426. Socialist. 127. 



448 ELECTION RETURNS. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

-Congress- — Assembly- 

u 









'P. 

0) & 


u 

la 


t/^'?- 


M ?" 


a 


t3 . 
c3 5 


0; 5 


d ■ 








•c aj 


sS 


4) '^ 


^ a; 


r/-*' 


d 0/ 


C o 








SP^ 


ctf 


Stf 


^&5 


2'^ 


SQ 


«C 








3 


m 


•2 


b 


0) 


y. 


m 




Canidon 


-1 ward, 1 


dis. 


168 


32 


178 


179 


177 


33 


33 


33 




2 


dis. 


96 


34 


93 


93 


93 


35 


35 


35 




3 


dis. 


185 


32 


185 


186 


186 


33 


34 


34 




4 


dis- 


170 


50 


188 


190 


190 


52 


51 


50 




5 


di^. 


210 


37 


211 


212 


212 


38 


37 


37 




6 


dis. 


150 


42 


153 


153 


153 


43 


43 


43 




2 ward, 1 


dis. 


129 


21 


130 


129 


130 


23 


23 


23 




2 


dis. 


141 


31 


143 


143 


143 


30 


30 


30 




3 


dis. 


176 


50 


177 


177 


177 


50 


50 


50 




4 


dis. 


155 


54' 


161 


150 


150 


56 


56 


56 




5 


dis. 


246 


46 


245 


246 


245 


47 


47 


47 




3 ward, 1 


dis. 


125 


35 


125 


125 


125 


37 


37 


37 




2 


dis. 


1.34 


67 


135 


135 


135 


67 


67 


67 




3 


dis. 


125 


51 


125 


124 


125 


53 


52 


52 




4 


dis. 


108 


71 


109 


109 


109 


77 


77 


77 




5 


dis. 


129 


66 


131 


131 


131 


70 


70 


71 




4 ward, 1 


dis. 


100 


31 


105 


106 


106 


29 


29 


29 






dis. 


94 


30 


94 


94 


94 


30 


30 


30 




3 


dis. 


7.'} 


29 


71 


71 


71 


32 


31 


32 




4 


dis. 


128 


32 


128 


128 


128 


36 


32 


33 




5 


dis 


156 


59 


157 


160 


160 


62 


58 


57 




5 ward. 1 


dis. 


ISO 


55 


194 


194 


194 


56 


56 


56 




2 


dis. 


100 


51 


107 


106 


106 


54 


54 


53 




3 


dis. 


120 


38 


130 


130 


129 


40 


40 


40 




4 


dis. 


118 


54 


95 


95 


95 


27 


27 


27 




5 


dis. 


124 


32 


124 


124 


124 


33 


33 


33 




6 


dis. 


243 


23 


242 


241 


242 


26 


25 


25 




7 


dis. 


100 


44 


100 


100 


100 


43 


44 


4-[ 




8 


dis. 


109 


42 


107 


110 


108 


45 


45 


45 




6 ward, 1 dis. 


120 


34 


117 


117 


117 


36 


36 


38 




2 


dis. 


108 


29 


123 


125 


125 


29 


29 


29 




3 


dis. 


110 


31 


109 


112 


113 


35 


31. 


31 




4 


dis. 


93 


27 


95 


95 


95 


27 


27 


27 




5 


dis. 


1.39 


23 


137 


139 


137 


25 


22 


25 




6 


dig. 


123 


24 


1.30 


130 


130 


25 


25 


25 




7 


dis. 


102 


26 


103 


103 


103 


26 


26 


20 




8 


dis. 


127 


8 


128 


129 


128 


42 


42 


43 




9 


dis. 


98 


32 


101 


101 


100 


32 


32 


33 




7 ward. 1 


dis. 


128 


24 


129 


129 


130 


26 


24 


24 




2 


dis. 


145 


41 


140 


146 


146 


48 


42 


42 




3 


dis. 


1.34 


38 


137 


137 


137 


38 


38 


3S 




4 


dis. 


106 


84 


107 


107 


106 


85 


84 


84 




5 


dis. 


274 


11 


278 


278 


278 


13 


13 


13 




6 


dis. 


128 


28 


]29 


124 


125 


28 


28 


28 




7 


dis. 


141 


44 


142 


142 


143 


45 


45 


45 




8 


dis. 


121 


42 


119 


119 


119 


44 


44 


45 




9 


dis. 


106 


36 


108 


108 


108 


40 


39 


.•{<> 




10 


dis. 


70 


30 


72 


72 


72 


33 


33 


33 




8 ward, 1 


dis. 


121 


39 


121 


122 


121 


41 


41 


41 




2 


dis. 


167 


43 


162 


164 


164 


43 


43 


42 




3 


dis. 


107 


41 


110 


112 


111 


45 


45 


4'. 




4 


dis. 


127 


18 


124 


124 


125 


26 


26 


25 




.5 


dis. 


121 


35 


125 


125 


125 


42 


42 


32 




6 


dis. 


240 


5 


246 


246 


246 


8 


8 


8 




9 ward, 1 


. dis. 


107 


42 


111 


110 


110 


41 


42 


42 




2 


dis. 


156 


52 


156 


156 


154 


52 


53 


55 




3 


dis. 


78 


52 


79 


78 


77 


53 


53 


53 



ELECTION RETURNS. 449 

CAMDEN COUNTY.— Continued. 

-Congress- Assembly • 



to „- 







c • 


S3 


. A 




^• 


= 9 


<::g 


"Z, - 










t -^^ 


.a ^ 


a- 




c <:* 








?,^ 




C« 


:a03 


*« 


^G 


c:Q 


<=G 








D 


o 




o 












iJ 


m 


h; 


O 


h-T 


^. 


a> 


h^ 


Camden — 9 ward, 4 


dis. 


174 


69 


176 


174 


176 


71 


71 


71 


o 


dis. 


114 


59 


113 


112 


114 


59 


60 


60 


6 


dis. 


151 


81 


155 


155 


154 


81 


20 


80 


7 


dis. 


119 


46 


122 


122 


122 


45 


46 


45 


30 ward, 1 


dis. 


181 


64 


194 


192 


192 


63 


63 


63 


2 


dis. 


140 


45 


137 


137 


1.37 


49 


49 


49 


3 


dis. 


212 


90 


211 


211 


212 


95 


95 


95 


4 


dis. 


251 


114 


249 


249 


249 


114 


115 


115 


11 ward, I 


dis. 


77 


105 


77 


77 


77 


106 


106 


106 


2 


dis. 


1.52 


67 


159 


1.58 


158 


69 


69 


60 


3 


dis. 


SO 


Gl 


88 


89 


89 


63 


61 


CI 


4 


dis. 


59 


29 


58 


59 


58 


30 


30 


30 


12 ward, 1 


dis. 


138 


145 


137 


137 


137 


146 


146 


14«i 


2 


dis. 


196 


84 


196 


196 


198 


7 


6 


6 


3 


dis. 


207 


49 


208 


208 


208 


49 


49 


49 


4 


dis. 


113 


57 


111 


112 


112 


60 


59 


59 



Total 10086 3143 10172 10189 10186 3392 3304 3371 

Gloucester City — 

1 ward, 1 dis 225 146 237 238 237 14S 147 148 

2 dis 213 268 214 214 214 268 268 267 

2 ward, 1 dis 179 207 179 179 179 210 210 210 

2 dis 260 211 259 259 259 215 215 215 

3 dis 150 175 151 150 150 174 173 173 

Centre Twp— I dis 246 38 247 246 244 39 37 .39 

2 dis 196 7 195 196 196 7 7 7 

Clementon Twp 212 44 213 210 214 46 45 45 

Delnwarp Twp .".9 20 ,58 58 .58 21 21 21 

Glo'icester Twp .309 97 304 307 306 97 97 97 

Haddon Towp 195 18 194 194 194 17 17 17 

l*en?auken Twn -1 dis. 138 .32 139 1.39 136 34 40 ?4 

2 dis. 110 17 109 110 110 16 17 16 

Voorhees Twp 78 48 78 75 78 49 49 49 

Waterford Twp 290 105 285 280 285 107 107 105 

Winslow T^vp 2.50 44 2.51 248 251 44 44 44 

Audobon Bor 71 17 55 67 62 17 17 17 

Ohesnlhiirst Bor 49 8 48 48 48 8 8 8 

Oollingswood Bor 265 42 269 273 270 41 41 4+. 

Haddonfield— 1 dis 183 25 188 187 186 23 23 23 

2 dis 117 13 124 122 119 15 14 18 

Haddon HeiKhts 141 24 124 123 150 25 24 18 

Mcrchantville 176 46 179 176 176 44 45 42 

Oaldvn 62 9 65 65 62 13 13 13 

Woodlytine 72 14 70 71 69 15 15 15 

14332 5018 14407 14424 14439 5085 4998 5053 

Prohibition, 533. Socialist, 442. Socialist-Labor, 58. 
29 



450 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

— Congress — • — Senate Asserably- 



S 2 

d Cm 

" a ^ o . a "2 • r « 

• u « ^ ^- « "" a tf Q „' 

^ b I -s f I a i ^- I 

Anglesea 107 30 3 112 38 109 40 

Avalon 22 6 16 14 17 13 

Ocean City— 1 ward 114 25 14 6 100 104 7 102 100 

2 ward 97 35 7 6 81 103 6 85 97 6 

Middle Township— 1 dis 309 74 2 1 249 195 1 297 147 1 

2 dis 131 68 4 142 102 332 11 

Lower Township 233 59 1 238 112 240 111 

Dennis Township— 1 dis 106 62 4 1 102 107 1 101 106 

2 dis 86 60 5 1 72 132 76 128 

Upper Township 222 21 3 1 193 167 1 255 107 1 

Sea Isle City 80 62 1 8 90 53 9 84 57 7 

Cape May City— 1 dis 168 79 5 5 164 128 4 160 136 4 

2 dis 173 44 3 158 81 163 81 

South Cape May 18 1 16 3 18 10 

West Cape May 142 39 6 4 139 70 3 144 66 3 

Wildwood Ill 29 2 112 75 112 74 

Woodbine 107 25 22 104 49 21 103 47 22 

Holly Beach 225 31 4 2 219 190 3 224 185 3 

2451 750 64 57 2307 1723 56 2422 1607 47 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



461 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY 

— Congress — 



O C-i 
Bridgeton — 

1 ward 216' 184 

2 ward, 1 dis 1.35 87 

2 dis 106 104 

3 ward, 1 dis 178 124 

2 dis 121 101 

4 ward, 1 dis 167 111 

2 dis 186 64 

.5 ward 110 82 

Millville— 

1 ward, 1 dis. .- 96 28 

2 dis 62 11 

2 ward 128 23 

3 ward, 1 dis 67 24 

2 dis 63 23 

4 ward, 1 dis 149 57 

2 dis 177 65 

Vineland — 1 dis 201 17 

2 dis 259 35 

Landis Twp — 1 dis 117 65 

2 dis 143 58 

3 dis 203 102 

4 di? 115 28 

Doorfield Twp — 1 dis.. 75 117 

2 dis.. 114 80 

Ilopewpll Twp 127 118 

Stoe Creole Twp 112 81 

Groonwioh Tavji 44 13 

Fairfield Twp. ...... 84 10 

Lawronee Twp 161 72 

Downe Twp— 1 dis 127 93 

2 dis m 53 

Commercial — 1 dis 2.30 42 

2 dis 78 17 

Manriee R;ver — 1 dis.. 41 9 

2 dis.. .'-.O 28 









ik i o O ^ 1 


-ui.'ij'- 
















c 


•p 


,p 6 






d 

c 




o 




E^ 


(5 


a, 


i4 


1— 1 


•t< 


s 


7 


203 


215 


202 


186 


7 


7 


2 


132 


134 


93 


88 


3 


2 


2 


106 


107 


107 


105 


2 


2 


7 


177 


179 


129 


125 


8 


7 


7 


105 


116 


122 


107 


7 


7 


7 


152 


162 


126 


116 


7 


6 


7 


132 


136 


73 


66 


7 


7 


9 


109 


110 


85 


83 


8 


8 


6 


87 


95 


32 


30 


7 


7 


4 


65 


67 


11 


11 


4 


4 


6 


128 


133 


20 


21 


7 


6 


8 


73 


73 


25 


25 


8 


8 


4 


63 


63 


26 


25 


3 


;J 


4 


148 


149 


62 


60 


4 


4 


6 


181 


180 


68 


65 


6 


6 


10 


207 


202 


17 


21 


8 


9 


5 


260 


248 


40 


41 


5 


6 


6 


117 


117 


68 


66 


.5 


5 





143 


145 


58 


58 








10' 


202 


202 


104 


103 


10 


10 


2 


115 


113 


28 


28 


2 


2 


13 


74 


75 


115 


114 


13 


14 


1 


105 


118 


101 


95 


1 


1 


.8 


127 


127 


119 


118 


3 


3 


•> 


111 


112 


84 


83 


2 


2 


o 


44 


44 


18 


18 . 


o 


2 


8 


34 


.85 


10 


9 


.8 


p, 


28 


159 


1.5!) 


74 


71 


23 


28 


6 


128 


124 


95 


93 


6 


6 


12 


91 


98 


55 


58 


12 


12 


23 


230 


280 


42 


42 


24 


?4 


11 


78 


77 


23 


.17 


11 


n 


19 


38 


41 


13 


8 


21 


17 


4 


50 


52 


27 


27 


4 


•8 



Socialist, 153. 



4235 2120 241 4164 4228 2267 2173 243 237 



452 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



I 

H 

o 

o 

to p 
w ^ 



•sia 8 
•sia i, 

■eiQ 9 

•sia 2 
•eia f 

•SIQ S 

•sia z 
•sia I 



•mox ;i:!S 



•sia I ;:!;j:3 



•sia 9Sc!i 



•sia e?5S 



•sia ^ S2 



•sia c^S 



•sia sv;;iH^ 



o o 

•sia T SS 



'f o I'ti o eo 05 00 CO o t- •<*< IN o 

OOQO (N r-lTHOOOrH r-IOiH tH 
OLO .Hr-liHiHl-lr-lr-ll-lr-liHTH 



t-t-l-t-OOb-t-t-t-OCO 



iHrHCDcoW^t-OTH'tiCD 
rHrHOOOOOOOOO 



r-lO-ti(N-t<t-CDICiCDlCiC0 

oooccoQoxiocoooocooooo 

rH»HT-(T-lr-lr-li-li-(i-lr-<iH 



cocococo-^cofococococo 

(MiMiNC^C<l<NlMlNJ<l(N(N 



CD(M 
tH(N 



rHM rH ^ T-l iH rl i-l iH "H "H iH T-l 



Tt<rHfOlN-*«OlMC000CO<N 
OoOOOOOOOOO 
T-f-Jl-liHi-l'HrHr-lTHrH'-l 



t-COlCi>OTt(>Oic05CD0500 

coeocococoeocceococofo 

rHi-<l-lT-lT-H-lr-tlHiHiHl-l 



iHrH»OiMiNMCDCCXkOM< OOOlOOOOOlfllNfOOON 
t- 1- 1- t- t- 1- 1- t- «0 t- 1- eOiMTHr-lr-li-IC<liNC<lC<IM 
05 05 Oi 05 05 05 C5 Ci Oi 05 05 iH t— I rH iH rH i— 1 rH iH iH iH iH 



CDcO'*f0:DC0t-lOlOt-Tt< eO-i-(T-lTHrHOiM'*t-l(M-«J< 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO M CO CO CO co co co eo co co co co co co eo 

rH r-( r-l 1-1 t-l tH l-l iH i-l iH i-l jH iH tH r-l iH i-H i-l iH i-( tH i-l 

O0O0rHlN<-l,-l^,-lTHr-<.H COOOOOt-OCCCt-Xt-t-t- 

iM (M CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO -^ CO CO CO CO CO CO CO e^ CO CO 

rH rt T-1 iH r-l tH i-l Ti rH iH i-l C<1 (M C^ IN iM CI CO IM C^ CI IN 

050DOO«C>i35t-Ot-10 0b- -*THrHlNC<|iNCOiNlNiNlN 

-*•»*< -^ Tt* Ttl Tfl -*"* -^ Tj< ■# i-( T-l iH .-I t-l tH r-l iH rH iH ^ 

rH ,-( iH r-H r-l tH 1-1 >-l rt T-l r-l CJ IN IN IN IN (N IN IN IN <N IN 







ELECTION RETURNS. 



453 



•pqn 


J. 


GOOD • • 


SKI 


8 


Cl^ 


sia 


L 


1- -r 


sia 


9 


f-l r-l • • 


sia 


Q 




sia 


f 


i-^ . . 


sia 


8 


C■.r-^ 

TIL'S • • 


sia 


S 




sia 


T 


gS : : 
i-i 1-1 • • 



X CO M I- -t a: -lO 00 tH rt 

I- X O t- I- t- X'M t- O) X 

xxaxxxaicooo«x 



c: r- c. ?i ^) -+i 1- CO M r- CO 

^-'St-CCtH.-I — '-<»-'<-' 

CO CO fo J-: CO r: c<5 fc cc cc cc 



000 = COCCC:CO 



I- r- 1- 1- 1 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 

It \r. 1* ir; I- lc i- i- i.t ic I'r 

Cl Cl I^J Cl C) CJ C) CI CI CI C) 



'-I rt d --I CI CI CI CI CI t- CI 
C) CI CI C) CI C^ CI CI CI CI CI 



Lt L- L- -"tl Lt CO ■* l-t ■* I- ~H 



xxxxxxxxxxco 


cc;OCOcc;c;CCO 

L" L* L~ Lt L* L* Lt Lt L": IC LO 


c5 ci CI CI CJ CI CI CI CI c3 c) 


CC;CCCOXCCCO 
I- t- I- I- t- I- C: I- I- t- t- 



•IT?)ox 

•sia L 
•sia 9 
•sia s 
•sia f 
•sia s 
•sia z 
•sia T 



C\-V O CO Ct ;; t- LC O " — I CO CI 

CDO Tt<i^'*(Tt<coTf-ticocococo 

I- uO I- 1- 1- 1- 1- t- 1- I- I- t- 1- 



C CI X CO C -« t-- ^ w -f CI 
I- I- -J t- X X t- 1- t- t- I- 



i~ '-' o ;3 ?c «s «o CO 5S t; tr i» " ci cj ci ci ci c^ ci ci n ci ci 

CiLO C5C5OCiCS05OC©C;C5 LOlCLd-OLOmiOLOlOlOlOi 

X o X I- «£ d LO CO »c LO Lo in >o ^ ^ x o o ^ ^ i-i r-i t-i ,-t 

OCO OOOOOOOOOOO COCO>.OlffCOCOCOCO<riCCO 



cjo 
Sci 



coo 

0<0 

.-I CI 



CI CO 
CO "* 

.I CI 



CIMCIUOCOCICIMCICICI OOOl-XOOCOOO 

,-1 ,H rH iH ^ tH rt .-I .-( rH iH -f -* -t CO CO "t tT -t -^ -t -f 

rH rl r-l t-( rt i-( f^ 1-1 1-1 r1 I-I CI CJ CI C) CJ CI CI CI d CI CI 

l-XXOil-Ol-XXl^X COC^Ii-'COCICOCOi-'CICICI 

C;C5CSC50>001C;C50SC5 COCOCCCOwCOCOwCOCO"^ 

rH CI CI CI d CI CI CI CI CI CI CI 



i-iXCtd^O?Dl-0X"-ti 

CO CI CJ CO CO CO CI CI CI CI CI 

CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI 



oococccicic.c;ooo 

»0 IC LO Lt "^ O to LO CO CO o 
CI d CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI 



• '/J 




a 

I 

i:a 












KP3 



£ * o 



>i3 

C c3 CJ 
C5 ti sS 



454 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



05-* tho Mt-coiNTt<ecc<i>':'-^cDM T- 7^1 -^ -^ \r^ c^ X. i". yj ^ r-* 

'imO.T, «^'-< l^'■* 00 eO TC CO M CC CO CO CO CO ^0 -J< ■^ t* t}( ■* -.14 tJ< ■* Tt< tJ* -h 

*■ ^ '^ r-<C^ T-l -1 rl rt rH ,- r-l r-l ^ -H -H M I-J M 5^ :-< N M 1-4 W C4 I^ 



S!P SI 




rffOO 

coc^ 


S!P TI 


• '• 


CI 00 

T-ll-l 


sip 01 


Oi-O 
i-llH 






•sip 


6 


05O 

COCO 

tH(N 






■sia 


8 








•sia 


1 


cot- 






•STQ 


9 


COO 

tHiH 






•SIQ 


S 


COt-I 

T-ICO 






■sia 


f 


I- CO 

tH<N 






•SIQ 


8 


(ZiO 
CI 






•SIQ 


S 


CiO 
CO 






•sia 


t 


rH 1-1 
lHr-l 







Oo05 — 05OCOOO05 
C<JC^mM^CIC)C4C^C<t-i 



•IB^OX 

■SIQ 9 

•SIQ e 
•sia f^ 
•sia 8 
•sia s 
•sia T 






OOOOiHC'-H O wOO ^ ,-1 ^ C<l tH iH rH -H ^ »H ^ 
T-HrH'-HMT-HT-UHr-l'-^i-lr-l ClCJCIClCjClNC^C^C^C^ 

■*rHT)HT}HCqT}(C4MC0C0rt 



COtDCO'tCS'HOOOOO-* 

coci-^cicococicocococo 

LO lO la IC i^ ICIC L" lO lO lO 



iHCI rH i-l rH i-l 1-H-l ri <-l i-H T-H rH 



05^ 

oo 

rHCI 



MrtfCOfOCOkC'CICOCO^tCl 

cococococoeocococorcco 

oo t- lO OS CI O Lt l> oo X C5 

I- 1- 00 1- CO t- 1- r- 1- 1- 1- 

CICICIC^CICICICICICICI 

05a)Oi050C^CCCXb-OD 

OOOOrHrHrHOOOO 

C4 M CQ CI C<1 M CI C^ CJ CI CI 

(Z305C>COOOQOQO«Ot-XCO 
C50iOCi'OSC505Ci05C;Oi 
C4CIC1CIC1C<C1CJC)C^C^ 

b- b- I- t- 1- O I- O O O lO 
I- t- t- t- I- CC t- I- I- t- t- 

T-ii-li-l^-ii-lr^i-i'-ii-ir-ir-i 



-rt<l--tC000C0t--OOrHQ0 
COCIXcoCJCOdCOCOCOCl 

coco??cocococococococo 



CD lO Tt( Tt< O I- CO -f LO Ci LO 

CI c<) CI CI ca CI CI CI c^ w M 



b-COOt-b-b-COCDrt^LOlO 
t- I- t- t- t- t- I- I- t- b- t- 

cicjcicic^cicicicicaM 



•*<cO'*-*oci'*cococii-i 
oooooooocoo 
cidcidc^cjcicqcicici 

OOOClrHCIOOrHOOCS 

O05OOOOOOOOC: 

cocicocococococotococi 




ELECTION RETURNS. 



455 






I* CO OJ W O CO Tf — t- :- t- 






■SIQ 


6 




■sia 


8 




•sia 


L 


t- -H 


•sia 


9 


Ot- 


•sia 


e 




•sia 


f 


a 1.-5 


■sia 


s 




•sia 


z 


O— 1 


•sia 


I 


'-I Si 



I- w »o N >'5 fo M t- 1- ^ ro 

eorccoMco?f*?tcc-#-^ 



' I-: i-( -J X X X 



M iM CJ <N iTJ ri r-4 c^ C^l ^ ^] 



X'-Hot-oo-bC'-icrcc 

ui cs m L- to :; o :r — ~r o 

T-liH,HrHtHrHiHi-li-l>HT-l 



I 

o ^ 

>i I 

W o 

CO V2 
09 

M 



•IBJOX 


COtH 

ooio 


Sia 


8 


1-1 


sia 


I 




sia 


9 




sia 


Q 


I- --o 

.-ICI 


sia 


f 




sia 


S 


coo 


sia 


z 


CI 3D 

cor J 


sia 


I 





lo ec ■* ■* fo ■+ CO »- (» fc o CO CI ci X fci.': LO cc o .H fo 
■^eorc-fcocceoccc^ccco imciccmci-4c<|(NWc<Icj 
t- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- Lc ir; lo 1^ ic Lo icico ico 

O THC'Tt-Oi-IClOOM'-',-! 

iH t- t- t- t- I- t- I- t- t- I- t^ 

CO l.t L- LT Lt Lt It Li LC ^ l-C O 

■^ c; t-r^oxocoooo) 
o >-i -I CI TJ .-H ri CI — r; CI ^ 

CI Cl CI C) Cl Cl C4 CI Cl CJ CI 

"f OCO-OCXCtXt-OOn:;? 

cixcscixxooQoKxx 

CI M CI Cl Cl Cl C) C< CI ci CI 

CO CSCtO-^OOOi-iOoo 

O cocot-t-i-t-t-t-t-t-i- 

T-l rH r-l 1-1 iH T-( iH t-l "-I 1-1 tH 
1-ICOiHCiHi-IiH'I'OtH 

ooooocooOoo 
CI CI d c< CI CI CI d |^^ CI c^ 

CICI?0i-liHi-iC<IOMccci 
d CI CI d CI d CI CI C^ CI CI 
C<l CI C<l C<l CI d CI CI CI d i-j 

t-XO0GOXXL'5X^t-X 
X CI C4 d d d d CI CI ^1 d CI 



t- CO t- 05 d CO L"; fc '-'^ CO 

CiC5C5C5CiC5dC5C5C5 
CiiH^^OJ-fXoMX- 

CI d d CO d d CI ro d d « 

T-(iHi-ii-li-trHTH,HiH^i 



COOOOOOOC5CS< 

«D CO' CO L-0 CO CO CO CO l-ti L-O 1 

©00G0t--^COt-t-t-COt 

iHi-li-dHi-dHr-^iHi-li 

CC5OOXO05OC5O 

CiXoococJMoiooc; 




456 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



Pi 
< 

5Zi J: 



•IBIOX 


"*0 

■MOO 

"-1 1-1 


•STQ 


G 


Clio 

coio 

■Ht-I 


•sia 


8 


10 o 


•sia 


L 


r-t ,H 


•siQ 


9 


iHO 

foco 


■sia 


S 


cot- 

WO 
tHCO 


•STQ 


f 


.H CD 


sia 


8 




sia 


Z 




sia 


I 


CCtO 
1-; r^ 


IB^OJi 


or- 

t-co 

ceo 
'-ii-i 


sia 


8 


05 I-- 


sia 


L 




sia 


9 




sia 


S 


t-o 

■HrH 


sia 


f 


S3^ 


sia 


8 


Oioo 

'-I r-l 


sia 


S 


■-1 rH 


sia 


I 


oS 



OOSOXi-tOSOSCftXOSCS 

•HtHOI'Ht^TH.HiHiHr-I.H 



lo r~ Tff ?i N iM -^ Tti fo Lo in 



COXOlOOQOl-QClOb-b- 
OOiHO-HOoOOOO 
lMC1(MCICliMcqiMW(NM 

CD LO LO IM O M (^ »0 't* W CO 

ooxooxoqogooocooooo 



i-lrH,-li-lr-IO05C»O0505 
^iHiHrHr-lr-lrt'-li-l'HrH 



CC10-*05Tf*C<)T}1iHCDC0O 
C<I<NiH'Hi-l,-l,HrHr-lTt<0 

COc^COCOCOCOCOCOCCCOcC 



lOrtiTtHCOlCiincOCC-^lCt- 

l-liHl-l'-liHi-lr-H-^i-llHi-l 



(MTjilCCOCDTfOOCOXiNiN 
OO05050iC00i0505OO 

<M<Nl-ll-li-lT-(rHr-ITH(MC<| 

I- r- t- t- X CD >0 t- I- T-l O 
O5050505050i05050500 
tHTHi-<T-(r-lrHr-|i-lTHC1CJ 



-frH^-^oofc-^eoooh-o 

CDCDlO«0lOCDCDC0CD50<0 
I- 1-- 1- 1- t- I- b- 1- 1- b- 1- 

»Hi-lr-|THT-(»HrHi-lTHiHi-l 



<-^eo-*-*coMeO't<-* 

<.Ht-lTHTHtHrH»-l'HrH 



CDIO 
OO 



CDt-lOCD-^COCD5DCD 
OOOOOOOOO 



Oit-OOr-IOONNINOO 

.Hr^,-lC<^(^^(^^l^^M{^^lM^^ 

iM(NiNiMCq(NW(NiNWM 



CDt^cO 
OOO 

CO CO CO 
005CO 

t-CDCD 



lOt-CDOO 
OOOO 

CO CO CO CO 

t- CD CD CD 



OOOO 

CO coco CO 

00 Oi 05 05 
toCD^CD 
(M IN MCI 



(NiMiMC^MCaiNMiMiNC^ 



■^COl-CO>CO->tCDOJ«CCD 

(Mi-lT-|r-lrHC<l.HT-l>-llHr-l 

05 05 0505 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 



a . 
I '"^ 

goo. 



a> 

i?- 

<i> a § 
S ^- 

00 0)^^ 






t>iP 






ELECTION RETURNS. 



457 



•I«50i 




O0?i 

Lit- 


•SIQ 9 




LOO 


•eiQ <J 




CCrH 


•siQ f 




Ol- 

,-icci 


■siQ 8 




oo 

tt(M 


•SIQ Z 




T»iO 


•SIQ I 






•IB^OJi 


ICC) 
ICt- 

-1 i-H 




sia 01 










•SIQ 6 Sm 



•SIQ 8 Se? 



•SIQ JL So 



fCco 

•SIQ 9 =105 



•SIQ C Mr-I 

t-o 

•SIQ ^ ^O 



•SIQ 8 i-Jc^ 

Ot)< 

•sia z ^^ 



OOt-t-t-t-l-t-b-t-t-t- 



MOOMOSi-IClOr-OCO 



OCiO'-ICIOCCoCO 



O'Hcccot-iMi-i^cc:'" 

CO O TfH •* Tf rfi Lt -^ O X O 



t-M'H'tiXfOCS'fOM© 
l>- t- t- t- t- 00 5D I- 00 t- 1- 

CdOOOCOOOOoOXOCOOOOCO 



IC CS eC M CO 00 ■* M L- C) CI 

ooooooooc-co 

CI M M M CI (O CI CI CI CI CI 



OSClt-'-l'^'HiHOr-ir-'r-l 

eocceotocceceoccccccco 

oottOi:ccs':ocscocc«o 

O ?C Lt ■+ LC Lt Lt 't O L-t -^ 
CI d CI C") CI C) C> CI CI C< CJ 

CI t- O C'1 CI CJ -f O CI ^ C5 

ocsoooocioocd 
ci-.ci<Z)Ccc;co(zcz) 

Cl d Cl - 1 CI CJ CI CI CI d CI 

■*,-^fC^:^ac^5^M 
t- f, fC t- 1- 1- i^ t~ t^ t^ t- 



CSOrli-IOrHClOCSCSd ttOOt-COfiCXOt-OXOO 

THOLOwioinoo-^-jto cidcicidcjcicicicici 

i-iXXc;«t-c:X(XL0C5 c:c:ciOOc;oc:xoooo 

C)rHr-iT-li-ir-lTHi-iT-iClCI ClddMCCCIMCICICICI 

O-*dC5Tt<C0t>f0t-M» '-lOOOCr-ld'-ld.-'CSt- 

McocodcocceccoccTjt-* oiCTfOLOirtmoLOTfTtf 

■* Tt< d ■* ic d ■* <» 00 LO o oot-t-oooociQoctoo»oeo 

lO lO >n »C lO O ICIO lO o «o OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOXWOi 

t^oor-t-oooooLOooo C5ic«ommTtf-*-*»cdfo 

Tt< Tt< ■^ •>* T)( -^ W»< -"l* O O tH ^ rH 1-1 lH ^ r-l T-( IH iH T-( 

"*?3n!n)0050oooeoco CdCH'HOi-H'-HrH i-i ci 

ooooooooooi-t-oooooooo ooooooooooo 



COC0 50COC0500 00COCO 



OOOOOOOOOii-ICOO 



d0500Ci05©CJ05050 
l-CC>l--':00«Dt-50«OcO«0 



OOOJOOOOOCiODXO 
ddddddddddC^ 

000000000000000X3001- 

I— llHl— 11-(1— ll— ll— IT-I,— II— li-l 

d d d CI IN C) CI CI d CI d 



OOOt-XOOt-l-GOXXCO 
COCOfOCOCOCCeOMcOf — 




458 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



H3 o 



•l«;oj. 




•STQ 


51 


coi- 


siQ IT 


rHiM 


sia OX 


NO 


■siQ 


C 


00 GO 
"-(IN 


•sia 


S 


cot- 


'sia 


L 


.HO 
COO 


•eia 


9 


fOfO 

1-1 


•eiQ 


Q 




•sia 


f 


l-fO 

i-nri 

tH<M 


•sia 


2 


iHrf( 


•sia 


Z 


OlC 

1-1 CO 


•sia 


I 


Tt^O 



C5 1-1 11 00 ro O lO M O t- O 
OiM OOoOCMOOO^QO(»b-t-00 

" o in lo L-j irs 10 o lo 1.0 lo in> lo 

00 iHiHi-(T-liHr-(i-(i-liHiHr-( 



O00OOOC005OOO00 
CO(NCOfOCCTt<(N^fOCOiM 

iHi-lrHi-li-li-li-liHTHrHiH 



iMcoOC'^IMl-COi-i-^OrH 

CO M iM CO I* iH eq CO f^ f ^ C-: 
ocooooooooo 
cocococococooococococo 



oicici-ooicooirot- 
cococococo-i^cocccococo 

C<l(M<NiNNMiN(M(NiMlN 

OOOOOOt-ODQOOOQOI-b- 

ooooooooooo 

IMIMC1INC<IN<N(M<NN<N 



00Ol-05l-^->OO00t-O 
<M(M(NC<liNNNCQN(NiM 



OSOOOOOOCJOiOOOSO 
QOOOCOt-OSQOOOOSOlOOQO 
INMCl(MOJC<JMC<J(MNlM 



oc30ocol^^c^^oo'-loco 

iHOOl-li-iOTHiHl-llHrH 

cococococococococococo 



ko -* ■* o lo o lo >o ira o CO 

,-|i-li-li-(i-tr-liHrHi-li-liH 

cococococococoMcococo 



iHiHr]T-liH.HiHi-li-liHf-( 
C)lNiNiMC<IMNC^iNlN(N 



</D©O-*iCiO000iCJ0005 

T-!r-lr-li— ItHi— IiHtHiHi— llH 

cococococococoeocococo 

CCt-CCCOOOiOOOOl-l- 
O O O t- l^ CO 5r> o O O O 
IM CI Ca M N M IN CI iM C) W 




ELECTION RETURNS. 



459 



III IBJOX 0^^ 



001-5 

CO o 



ooo 

SIQ Q CiCi 

•SIQ Q 2gJ 



NO 

•SIQ f- ;*^'* 



•SIQ 8 g^ 

•sia s fi?{ 
•sta 01 

•SIQ 6 
•SIQ 8 

•sia L 
•sia 9 
•sia s 
•sia f 
'sia 8 

'SIQ z 

•sia I 



C O t- I- 00 -f O C5 c-i ct i-J 
C; — CI- W Cr «C (M r- ■<)* O 

^r^c. c — coo'-t'-i 

1:5 10 LI -t I- i.C L- IS -t »C 1--5 



c c ^ •- o o e b- o c i- 

■>+iTt<-*<35NrHcroofC:': 

Cl r-l '^ — IM d -H >-l rt r-i — 

(N N CI I>4 CJ C^ S-J IN C^ CI N 



o c: — I CT .-I cc c o CI CI CI wio fci* c j ci 1- 1- t-tt t* 

OOOCSOOCOO^^ CoCOCOOOOOO 
CCXCIXOCSCOJOC.O ccoooo^ccoc: 



CICICO^C<J-<*<Cl'^t-f 



i-liHiHTHr-lr-(i-l'~'i-(T-lT-( 
O'HOSO^.HO'^ClTtiCI 



't* -f It -f -t 1- -+ 2^ Lt -t< ro 

o = o C c C C ;:;■ O O D 

CI CI CI CI MCI CI • ' cj ca CI 



X X c c; o - - ,- c o o 
■^ -f" Lt If: I- -f -t ' 1 Lt i.t o 

CI CI CI CI M CI CI ^' d CI CI 



o Lt «a I- ti Lt ;r :c t- 1- 1- 

Cl CI Cl C4 M CI CI CI CI CI d 
C<l d CI C^ CI W CI CI CI CI CI 



■5 ^ C C: C. C O C C r. C: 

CI cc CI CO CI ccio CO re CI ct 

CI d CI CI CI d CI CI CI CI CI 



IH-^-t-f-t-fi-^TtH-t'-t-r 



X c iH rH 1- t- o c: irt t- Lt 
CO d CO -f CO CO -t c^ CO d CO 

CI d CI CI CI CI CI d CI CI CI 

< ,-( rt rH Ti CI CI d CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI 



-tX OOiHClr-l-ti^OT-lOO ©CiXCiCiOOOCSXX 

r- O O C- O O O C O O O O O '^ Lt IC LC Lt '^ ^ t£ in O i-O 

ciiH c-r. ci"c xoo cxx X lo th it m co ■^' "-o co o co ci 

I- o 10 -t It -r -t It It It -f -^ -f I- 1- «- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 

rid . — lr-r-r^rir-(.-,-lrt>-r-l ,-rt.H.-Hrtr-lrtr-lr-lr-lrt 

ox -fi-^X It C 01 CCICi-iC) -ti -f It Lt It CO -f X CO X CO 

-t> ST. CO CO CO CO -*i CO CO CO CO CO CO O O O O O O O Cft O cs o 

r-l CI T-l ^ r^ rt r^ T- .— i-H rt rH iH CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CI CO d CO 

^o oi-ititoT-'^xxc;^ cict'-'oocsxcoxx 

>-' O CI r- ^ 1-1 ,-< 01 ^ i-l "-I r-l CI It t It It Lt -f -^ It m -r •^ 

r-ld T-!"I-li-irH--(rHrtr-lT-lr-l l-l.-Hr-lr^i-li-T-lrHTHl-HH 

CI -H 1- 1- 1- 1- ao CO I- 1- X i:^ X Lt It CO I- Lt -f -f -)"(< -T It 

CO I- I- I- I- t- X I- I- I- I- I- ^ ^ rH ^ 1-1 ^ ^ ^ rt r-4 rl 

CI CI lH>Ht-liH,-(rHr-lT-lr^r-li-( COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 

O CI CI CI CO CI d CO CO CI CI CO CI O X o o o o t- o o o o 

1-1 'C' c o c o o c o c c c o c: c ■" -^ :^ -J -^ cc ■;; :o 1- 

>-l CI 1-1 tH 1-1 r-l r-l iH ,H i-l i-l 1-1 rH d d CI CI CI CI CI d CI CI CI 

It -J X X X O X O X I- 1- t- X CO d ■* 'f ^ CO CI CO CO CI CO 

I- CI O^C21DC0l-C3^5^^^ COCOCOCOCOCOCCCO'COCO'CO 

CI CI d d CI d CI d d CI d CI 

CI O' rH CI CI -f 01 CI iH CI CI CI O O rM CO CO C d rJ iH 1-1 O 1-1 

CO O CI CO CI CI 01 d CI CI CI CI CI O 1-1 C rH rH rH rH rH rt O iH 

r-ICO r-dHi-lr-trHiHrHi-liHr-lr-l COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 

OLt) LtLtltCOlOLtLtliniltmutl lf*T}(-.tl-t<LtLtlt It It It 

xo xxxxxxxxxxx cocDo;2co«oocr wtsin 

xco cociccxccci-t^cocox C5 «o o 10 ?* x ro ^ co --i :r> 

o 10 o o c o o o o c © o o 10 iti it> kt It It -^ Lt Lt :c o 




}60 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•joa 

siiaj xassa 
•jog 

IIOAVPITJO -Ai 



-*-t"*Tt<-t-^-fT}<-r-t<-* 



•Jog 

•joa 

llS.VipiBO 
•IpAipiBO 



Oi05C50505C5t-05C;OtO 



COCDcdCDO^COCO^'OCD 



ooooogooooo 



2fo 



a I 

8'H 



•ib;ox 

•STQ S 
•siQ I 

•sia s 
•sia I 
•sia s 

•SIQ T 

•IBJOJC 

■sia f^ 
•sia s 
•sia z 
•sia T 






OC5 



Or-I 
(NtH 



CSrH 
OOO 



1-105 



■^CZJl-COt-CSOOOOlO-MOJ 



NOOOT-li-l(MOt-<r>(N 






OOOOOOOOtHOO 



00 lO lO lO Ifj CD O » lO »o w 

ooooooooooo 

<N C) CJ N C4 C^ iM CI ?J IM M 



iHlMrHi-tiHiHOlMiHOrH 



cot- Loicioioiovoioiou-tiinnci 



rfiio COlOOOOSOOOooCOOOOSi-l 
05?0 CO CD CD CO CD CD (x> CD CD CO t- 
•HM r-l iH iH iH t-l iH rt "H "H r-l 1-1 



0CCCi0^-^-Or^>'-^-0D^- 

r-li-l^r-lrHr-lrtr-(iHr-li-l 



(NN05MOr-l«DiHIMj:-00 

i-lT-IO'-l'-l'H'Hi-lr-lCOO 

CDCDcDCDCCCDCDC0a2«OC0 



T-lTH,HOr-(r-lT-lT-lTHb-r-l 



LOCDiMW00>OiMtHC0t-l- 
i-li-lrHi-liHOTHi-lT-lTHi-l 
t-t-t-t-t-t-t-l-l-t-l- 



t- t- I- t- l- t- I- l^ t- 00 t- 



(M10iMC^>f^'X>(NOC<J>0C0 
lO O IC »0 lO -rf* lO lO lO lO »o 
eOfOfOCOMfOCOCOfOeofO 




ELECTION RETURNS. 



461 






to I 



H -a 



•IBJox 

•sia 8 
•sia s 
•sia I 

•sia 8 
•sia z 
•sia T 

•IB^oj, 

•sia 8 
•sia z 
•sia T 



•sia 8 ^S 

•Sia S 2f'o 






t-ot-osor)aooco"t05o 

LO CO L-5 -f O i.O O LO Clt- OD 

C3C5OOOOC0OCCOO 

i-cDcooir-i-ooooccfo 

IM M CI iM CI (M C<l IN 'H CC CO 
C< IM <N IN IM CI CI CI d CI C^ 

OO CO OO CO ICt- O O CI tH o 

l-l rH iH t-(i-l >-( ,-1 "H i-l CI CI 

dc5ociccif:o-t"^<>ct- 

cococococococofo^-^'ii 

C4C<ldMC<10C^ClC1CICI 



Cb- COCOJfiCOb-'^QO'-lLOL'roO 

— (/) a)XM<»<»oOQooot-oo 

CO' CO coeococococofCfO'*'^ 

i-c^ C5o:2c5'-iooooo'-Hci 

aco CO 00 '-' 00 C5 OO Ci C5fC 05 05 

OIM< t- I- 31 LO ^- t- 00 ■* ^ "-I •* 

05UO cocoircccococofoso'*'* 

1-1 r-l I— I I— 1 tH r^ T— I tH "H i-( iH 

CD.-I t-oS050505Ot-Oe0N 

COlfO IC' O ly IS LO LO O UO O t- l- 



OCO CO CO 50 05 Tf t- t- -t< O CI 00 

cot- COCOOrHNClClClClkClO 

CO O C2 IC -* CO ■* CO in W N r-l C) 

C4 rH C^ CI Cq O CI CI CI M CI CI CJ 



COC505>005r-IOOOC500 
CStHOOOOOOOJOSCOCOOO 
i-l 1-1 T-l r-l rH r-( i-l r-l d d 



'^'fCOOOr-lrHr-lrftCIOS 

'+|'+i-t<cj-*-t'*i'*eooTti 

^^ Tjl ^< ^^ ^* ^^ ^1 ^^ ^< TJ^ ^^ 

t-t-t-<nt-Ot-Ouot-'^ 



■* O o o I-l X c c ^: ^: :o 
eoc^cJC^c^c^c^'t"r^o 

rHrHrH?-lr-lrHiHrlClrHrH 



tOSCJr-IOOQOrHOQOCICI 
t-Ot~t-OCOt-t-0500 
OMdCldCIClCjClClCJ 



t-OcOCIUOUO'fOOOCOCJ 
OOoOOOOOOOO 
CICIClClCIClOC^MdCI 



OOt-C 



O5C0t- 
CIO CI 



t- O CI O t- »0 W CO 

t-oooococo'-it-t- 

CIINCICICICOC^CI 



CO N 1(5 ijtt- cot- 05 r-l CO CO i 
00 00 000000 0000 00 05 00 00 j 



OC^MCOkOWlftl-r-ICOCO 

r-l rH rH r-l r-l rH rH rH CI r-l rH i 

cjcicicicqcicqdcicici I 

Tj<cOCO«O-<ti'*Tj<'<*tL'0'*Tti 1 

ir:»ci.o»oioiSK2»nko»cir3 i 



•sia T 2g 

r-l 1-1 

•Sia z fof^ 

Cl 

Sia I 05 ci 



OOO 

-*co 



C005CIr-IOOOt-r-l 

coco'^'*-<ti'*'*^L':i 

^^ ^i ^^ ^^ tJI ^^ ^^ ''^ ^^ 

Ir-lcO-tfClCO-i'lOOO 
<-*Tt<'*'*-*'tl'*'*Ttl 

ICJC^lNINClCaClCICl 

. t-c;C005t-.<Ol.Or-lCI 

:0:ci05C5OCSC5OO 







463 



Ti^iLECTION RETURNS. 



00 CO 



eo 05 eo CO eo CO CO eo CO ■<<< ■* l-t-t-l-l-l-t-l-t-t-t- 
t- t- 1- 1- 1- I- 1- 1- t- t- I- 00 CO CO QO GO 00 CO 00 (K 00 CO 






OOIO 



00 -H 

•stQ T f^SP 



lo ici lo lo >ffl lo lo ira >ci o >2 



05050SOXOr-liHQ0lN^> 

ooo'-io-H.H'HO'Hri 



rHCOCOCOCOCOCOCOMCOi-l 

cocococofococococococo 



iHr-lr-lT-lT-(i-((Mr-lr-lC^r-l 



coio 
•unojaA COIN 

<Ni-l 



000000t-0000t-05t-t-<0 
OOOOOOOiMOOO 
IM (N (N (N C^ (N (N <M <N (M M 



•tlA^I, MO 'S 



oirH coccoscoi-'-it^coi^oO'-i 

Oi(M OOOOOfHOOOOiH 
HIM (MiMO)<N<M(NiN(MiN<N(M 



•sia z 



•iu>4sSurAiq -hcj 



(Mrff Tt<r-(05t-OC0C<|Tfl^HC0O 

(M 05 CD I- <ri CD I- O t- I- t- l> l- 

coko CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



t- lO 05 lO IN (M lO O CD t- Oi CD lO 

COO t- 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 CO 00 00 

j-ICO 1-1 i-< r-l >-( i-l r-l t-l r-l r-l i-l i-( 



lO 05 l.O CD t~ ICIO CD CD t- lO t- >0 

0000 O) OD CO 00 CO CO 00 CO CO 00 00 

iHW .-1 i-H r-l iH iH iH iH r-l r-l t-l iH 



co-^-ii-^tTtfirakCit-iwNTfi 

t-CDCDCDCDCDCOt—CDCDCO 



COTft-^TtlTjfTtHTjIO'^r-ICO 
lNiHi-li-lT-li-lrH<Ni-lr4TH 
(N<N(NiNlNiNiN<NiNlNCl 



WOOOOiHi-liHi-H-rH 

inioicioioioiCKOioioin 

(N(NC1INC1(NlNWiNWlN 



•sia C 



CDlC'CO^CD'tiCDlOOlCJ'-l 
O5O50505O'.'OiO50505OJO5 
CDCDCDccCDCDCC'CDCDCDi^ 

C^05050il0 05O05OO'H 
iN^'-irt'-H'HiNi-liNINCO 
IN iN IN (N IN IN CJ CI iN CI IN 



Qoeoooi-ococDco-t<o 
QOocooo5ooocoooaDaor- 
co CO CO CO CO ■* CO CO CO CO C'5 






OCD i-IOOkCiOlOiHOl-l/JO 
CD •* CD CD CD lO CO >0 » CD ira lO LO 

CI t-i CI ca c^ ca c^i c^) ca CI C4 c) CI 



CD iH CO CD' O".' I- rH O IC' O lO -ti O 
OlO i-I'-i.-i,-iojC^'-h.h>-ItH'-i 
CI T-l CI CI CI IN CI C) CJ CI CI CI CJ 



i^ CO ^ t- lo I- CO lo CO -t ^ 



•ogpiH u«i[0 ii^ 




I ^ 

r/! tH 

03 O) . . 

7< tj cd 



goo. 



,0 

a I 

o! a 

CO OJ 



ScSiSr/.0«Oo-'-'.S'"'ro.2i-iSt'i2aJ'S'-''=^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



46? 






L": 1" t." bt L-: io »o o l:^ o >o 



5J »- M c-KO e-: Tj< iH M ec o 
coooooooooo 



■sia C l-t- 



•SIQ T jOt- 



05C. OSCJOSOSOsCiOoSCi 



pOiOO<-lrH»-lpr-l^05 

t- CC I- 1- 1- t- 1- 1- 1^ I- o 









cofo 

Or-I 









ccco 



•sia sgs 

1-1 1-1 
•wox -;:. 

•sia o |g 



•sia z %^ 



•sia T 3m 






•sia s ss 



•sia I 5t- 



■^Ki-ii-'t'eo'tcososcocs 

M C1(M C-' W W C^l N (N (N C< 



1-1 C IN C W CJ CI N eccj o 
oco^ oo^oooo 



05ft0005i-lOOW05cDOJ 
05C 0S0iOO0S0500Q000 

05C:05S;005C505C5C5C5 
rlr-1>Hi-<iHi-lr-ii-li-lt-irH 

OCOJOCSOOSOOOCZ) 
OCOOOOOOOoO 



O C I- 05 C5 CS I- O O CO o 
(/jv QC'CC OOCCOC05C30^ 
C) 01 CI IM CI (N CI CA CJ CO CO 



Tffococoicojooioioco 

OOICS CI' O0205C505OO 
CJC)C<lCJClClNC^OCCfO 



i-IO00 05OOee05C5Q0C5 
OC50505000505050505 
Cli-lr1i-iClC^T-(r-ii-(i-ir-l 

OXOOOSOOOOOSOOiO 
OOl-b-t-COOOt-t-OOt-t- 



OiCOOiOOOOi-ti-iOCOCO 
l-O O lO »0 lO lO LO O ICi t- l- 

ec cc CO so CO CO M cc CO cc CO 

O O TfH LO LO -^ lO CD lO O CO 

iHl-li-H'Hi-I.HlHl-I^HClCl 

CI cq c^ c< c» CI CI CI CI ci ci 



eg X O Oi 00 05 00 t- OO LO lO 
CwCiOOlOSOSOiOSOOiO 



■^LOCOUOCOlrtCDOt-lOO 

I- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 



■sia o 
■sia T 



Oi "X r» oD CO CO t- CI ?r CI :o 
00 CO Qc oc (yi GO x X (XI X' o 

CJ CI CI C> CI CI CI CI CI CI CO 

O 'Ci O (^ -^ to QO :2 CI IS CO 

eocococococococicocoiro 

iHrHrtrHi-li-lT-liHi-lrHi-l 

eoeocicic<icoostoo'*co 

»C lO LO O LO to Tf O IC IC lO 



cidCicicii-ieociMciiH 

ooooooooooo 

CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI 
CI d CI d CI ^ CI CI CI CI CI 

t- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 

OOOOOOtHOOOO 

eococoeoeocoeococococi 







<JCu^C)trJHt;EH«MU!S^^6aKWCS^^^;^M 



464 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•00 xassg osoo 

JOJ IBJOJ, So 



O rH W o L-^ W W 00 OC I- M 

eococococccocoMcoccco 



X I 

W -a 

DQ « 

W ^ 



•aSoBjo nt 
•1^401, 

•sia z 
•sia T 

•IBJOJ, 
•SIQ 8 

•sia z 
•sia T 
•ib;oj, 

•sia 8 
•sia s 
•sia T 

•IB^OI 

•sia s 

•sia I 
•iBioi 

•sia 8 
•sia z 
■sia X 



t-iH CD 1-1 r^ 05 CO t- Oi 00 W lO Oi 

,hQO i-l0505l-OOl~OOeDOOOO 

t--QO 0050505050505050iOO 

(M(N IM iH rH tH -H tH r-l rH --I <N (N 

OfO OOOOOCDOOOOC00005t-0 

iH lO O 0105 0505050i0i0505O 

C0l^5 CO <N (M IM IN IM C^ (N (N (M CO 

cot- tHOSOOSOOOOOOCI 

T-l iH »-(i— I I— I r-t 1— I 1— I i-( rt "H T— I 1— I 



05t- OOCOCO^iHlOiHioOlOO 
cot- 05 00 t- 00 00 t- 00 t- 00 CO CO 

TficD CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



rHiM tH 1-1 rH rH iH iH i-l i-l 1-1 iH 1 

05 iM 

r-IlN 

Oi-I 

^^ 

COi-l iH ca rH 05 00 t- iH O O (M CO 

■*i05 IN <M (M ,-1 iH tH (M (M (N IN (N 

^H ^i ^^ ^1 Tfi tJ< ^^ tJ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ tJ^ ^* 



^,HlO,-|-n< 



CO 35 

t-co 
uot- 



00 ^ 

1-1 IN 
C4<M 



t- 

t( !-i ea 



coco 

IN IN 

t-t- 

-fi ti 

COCO 



coccco 

INc^iN 

ICqoCO 

CO CO CO 

. CD t^ CO « 
5 CO CO CO? 



©05 CO 
LOCO CO 
CO CD CO 
ININ(N 

CO CO CD 

CO CO CO 



CO 1^ 1-1 

t-CDCO 
CO ^1^ 
(NlNI?< 

cooix^ 
•*-ti-* 
CO CO CO 



i-liHlCiM»OOCOOO 
C0C0«O00t-CD00QC 
CD CO CD CD coco CDCO 

t-CDr-lt-COTHt-i-l 

r-lTHINi-lr-^l-li-IlN 

(N IN IN IN CQ IN IN CI 

»0 CD LO CD X lO CO t- 
lO lO CO lO "* ■*! IC KO 

cvi c<i c<i IN cq M e^ IN 

05 05 05 05 05 "* O O 

OOOOOOrHiH 

IN ca c^i cj cj ca CI ca 



CD CO CD 
00 t--^ 

CO CO CD 

ooot- 
cai-io 
cacaci 

cDcaca 

LOmCO 

c^caca 

OCDl- 

iHOO 

caMC) 



cDcococaTfTtiiooo-^T-ico 

lOOlOWlOlOWTtilOCOCD 

cococococococococococo 



CDOOCOt-0005t-0505CaO 

COO0O000000000O000O5O5 

OOOOOiHOiHOi-liH 



)oocaoooi-iiNO 

li-liHtHi-liHrHi-lT-l 
1 ^ "^ Tj4 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 



cocococ 

05 05 05« 
TTfr-tr-i, 



05000C00505050500QO 
_ _ iH ca iH t-l tH iH i-l t-l T-l rH 

rH r-i tH r-i r-1 T-( th rH 1-1 .H tH CI ca ca ca CI ca ca ca ca o ca 



rHifflcOiHcaco-^t-icaoo 
•*co-^cocotocococoTt<Tti 



T»<CO-* 

l-t-l- 



■*icco ocaiHt-o 

^^ ^^ ^}^ ^^ ^^ ^^ CO ^^ 

t- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- . 



cacacoeococo-^ieocooso 

t-t-t-t-t-l-t-t-t-COt- 

cacacacacacacacacacacj 

CO 05 CO 00 05 00 1- •*% 00 00 

tJI ^^ ^^ ^H tJH rrfi ^^ t>» ^1 Tfl ^t^ 

cjcac^cacacaiNcacacaca 

Tticacocococacaca»-ioca 
cacacacacacacjcacicaiN 
cacacacacicacacacicica 



o -^ 






fl-?i-2§. 



-^•3^ S ^^S w ^ w^C I3-2 * 1=3 o gS a oj y 

o3wt»Oojo7jr;* »t^O^«-o3J-^*(!Jtii5 



ELECTION RETURNS. 465 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

Congress Assembly 



tr, 



i> Si pa 

Clayton Tuwnshlp 146 95 

Deptforrt Townshin 245 123 

East rjroenvvioli Tounsliio. . 178 125 

Elk Townsliip 06 55 

Franklin Township ISO 161 

Glassboro, Idis 76 22 

2 dis, 54 32 

Greenwich Township 78 76 

Harrison Township 183 81 

Logun Township 78 94 

Mantua Township 173 197 

.Afonroe Township 227 269 

National Park Borough.... 20 4 

Paulsboro Borough 2.57 70 

Pitman Borough 144 82 

So. Harrison Township 60 34 

Swedeshoro Borough 1S7 60 

Woshington Township 138 146 

Wenonah Borough 80 20 

West Deptford Township.. 231 110 

Woodbury — 1 ward 166 56 

2 ward 267 87 

3 ward 207 106 

Woolwich Township 82 57 



3559 2162 
30 



6 ^ 




25" 


F=a 


S.S 






+-1 si 

OS 






9 





151 


93 


8 








242 


139 


o 


5 





155 


154 


.'> 


16 





93 


65 


13 


n 


8 


190 


173 


11 


16 





81 


23 


16 


10 


1 


54 


34 


10 


5 





75 


79 





22 





146 


131 


12 


4 





73 


100 


4 


5 





160 


192 


5 


6 


1 


228 


269 


6 


14 


1 


16 


o 


14 


10 


2 


260 


73 


9 


15 





146 


83 


15 


6 


1 


57 


54 


4 


3 





180 


73 


3 


8 





134 


150 


8 


23 


1 


104 


15 


VI 


7 





216 


133 


.( 


2 





168 


59 


2 


5 


1 


. 272 


86 


5 


9 





203 


113 


9 


2 





66 


73 


2 


213 


16 


3470 


2369 


.182 



im 



ELECTION RliTURNS. 



coo Cl'*b-aCT-lO05 00C0C^-^M riO 
OO lOO OOiHiH OO r-l>-l,Hi-l 1O05 



•CJOOt-COOn'tirticO 

■(r-liHrHtHiHi-l»H'<t(M 



•H(N(Ni 
M(NiN« 



HO i-Ht-l 



iHOrtIN 
<NM (N 



^ 



lOO eOlOLOrtfOCOlNC^fOfCKXN tHO 

•glQ OT I"* r-lt-l-t-t-l- t-t-t-b- t~l- OtO 

CD'tl IOC<5fO<c.<OCO«OCOCOCOl-t- LOCDt^lO-1<T)<'*miCLCfO-*i«DLO 

iH .H iH 1-H rH iH iH f-l i-l r-(i-l ^ i-l iH 

lOiN C0lffl?DO«DC0«0>0t-?0t-«D rt ^ M iN iM <N W iN fH r-l -H (M lOM 

•Sirr S CDIO ;0COC0CD5O:0CDC0CDC0C0CD lOWlOlCilDOireiOlOlOlOmcDlC 

(N (MiNlNNiMNNMMiMClM (N 

lO-^ «D«OCOCOCO<rilCIOlOIO>C)lO rti-^-rt('ti'^T}4Tti'<*rtlTtiTl<MlO'+l 

l-CO Xt-OOoCOOOOOOCOXOCCOX rHiNi-(C^<N(N<MfOiNiH(N(Mt-CO 

•^ ^ C^ lNiMiNCl<NiN<M(M(NiNMM (M 

'STfr Q "-lO r-lrHi-lr-l'-ll-llHT-lTHl-li-lr-l OOOOOOOOOOOOi-lO 

•^ ^ M (N C<l(N W IN <N (N (N (N N CI IN IN 



•SIQ f 



•sia 8 



b-O 
(NO 

CO 



b-t-t-G0000005OOO05O OOOOOiOS'-IOOOO'-lOOS'H 

IN IN IN N C<l IN C<J 00 CO CO (N IN Oi O O 0> Oi O O O O O O OM O 

t-iiNlN'-lr-<iNiNiNClC<liNiN iN 

CD ?D O CD ?0 O CD CD CO iri CO i» W >0 Tfi XO lO CO >0 HO IC lO lO lO CO >o 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO co 



•SIQ Z ^^ 

^00 CO O -H IN CO IN IN CO CO CO ■* •* b-OSOOOlOOOOOSCOt^l-l-t-OO 
'^ *■ IN INlNiNiNiNlNiNlNMiNiNW IN 



•SIQ 8 

•sia 9 
•sia s 

•SIQ f 

•sia 8 
•sia z 
•sia I 



7-l>O-*C0t-t-«C'lOi»b-t-CD 

L-0'*-*'>*Tf<Tt<T)iT}<-*'>*im'<*l 

CDCDCDCDCDCOCDCOCOCOCDCD 



ICO 

IN 

iHOO 
iNrH 
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cocococoeococococococofOi-ico 

Tj<CO-<*<Tj<Tt(CO-*'*Tj<cOTt<rt<CO-* 
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ELECTION RETURNS. 



467 



'l^^oj, loi- OLOiommmmwiGnoioo t- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- »:: i- 

oooooi-i-t-coocooeoo 

rtiHT-liH^OOOOOOOTti'-' 
100000QOC00500COOOOt-t-QCO 

l.OOS'-IOSQCOOOt-O-'ti'^LOO'H 
IMC^INCIC^INMC1(NC^IMC^ M 
•'tiiMCimcCt-fOCOtOiM'-l.-l-ficO 
W CI CI CI d CJ C^ CI CI CI CI C5 iH C<l 
lO 50 -f Lt W «D LC L-O lO LC LO LO O O 
C^dCJOCIClCJClCIClCIM M 
COOSt-Ot-OOi-IGOXt-lCQCcOTti 
CIClCIClCJClClClOClCqCQ CI 
OOOt-OOt-Clt-OO^MXoO 
C<1 CI CI C) CI CI CI CI CI CI CJ CJ CJ 



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I + ^ f^fT. h-c3coeoc3cae3i3cncoc3C3 rr', m Ci r:^ rr^ a:, a-^ ^. "^^ t. ^. ■^•~, a, 



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iMlO'!2«OlCb-05mLOM'*m'^05 

Lo LO !J5 m ic 10 LI Lo 10 icm m ?o m 

MdiMC^ClCICICICICICICl N 

iHT-l'-l^r-liHiHiH,-|T-<l-(THt-('H 

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O5Q0O000O000XX00OS00O0 COCOCOeOfOfOMCCcO^:COCC00M 

C^ CJ d CI CI CI CI d CI CI CI d d 



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CDlOlOlOmiOlOIOlOmiClO 05OOOOOOOO05OO»00> 

THddddddCld-Hdd iH 

rtieOCOfO'<tiOi'*eoCO'*^eO OiOOOC.CCCtClCOOMCO 

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468 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



O0t-(iHO> fl r-( rt O "-I in N »H i-H C<I C<> iH COCOOOOOOSQOCOOaOOOQOCO ®o 
•IBIOT, iHTt<t-iM OS 05 05 Oi 05 0>0i 05 05 05 05 0> CO «D «5 ?0 O CO CO I- 1» CO «D Cff 00 1- 
* ' "^ 1-1 tH i-( T-l iH iH iH iH »-( rH rH tH .H iH 



•siQ 8 

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•SIQ -Q 

'Sia ^ 

•sia 8 

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O-* l-iHi-IOC<l»HC<JOOi-liN(N ICIOLOICICIOIOICIOIOWIOOMO 

l^-fi t-oooooOOOOOOOOOXOOOOOO COCOfOfOCOMfO-^COcocOtOl^fO 

(N C<IC^C^iMlNM(NiNW(MC^lM <M 

coio cocoiOfOooosGOooQOcoajfo cocoeoTti-^Tt<coio^cocoeo-f>-o 

rt<Qo T»<Tt(TtiTtiTt<TtiTt<T)H-fj<ioTti't< ooi-coooqoccocioocoodoc(»tj<qo 

iHiM iH.H.HTHi-lrH'-lr-li-li-l.-lTH lMC1lM(NC<l(M(NlMCJCjC^lCl>-llM 



iraO 005iNC0050T-l05'Hr-IOO »C •* t- »0 CO OO Tfi CO >0 -f< CO CO t^ O 

CCi-l l--COt-CDCOt~t-CCt-l-t-t- oooooooooooocoo 

1-lM l-^^^r^rHr-lr^.^r-lr^T-lr-lI-i (MCl(MClWlN<MC<<M<NC<)e<l'-IC'^ 

O^ CO C<1 "H O O (M --I O '^ (M O 05 iM CO ■* CO CO CO IM CO CO -t< ■* ■* CO O 

10<N lO lO IC O KO to W lO >0 O W ■* (M (N IN iN (M iM <N iM C^ (N M iM •*! <N 

i-lN rH r-l "-1 1-1 r^ >H T-l rH --I -H ,H .-I M C<) IN IN IN IN IN IN IN (N IN C^l i-l iN 

- - t-b-t-t-t-t-t-lCt-l-t-OO i-li-lr-IO'H.-liH-^OiHr-l^t-'-l 

OOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOCOOOOOO 

iH r-l r-l rH iH 1-1 rH rH 1-1 iH iH tH IN IN CI IN iN IN C4 iN C^ iN IN iN tH (N 

OOOQOCOCOOOl-l^QOOOOOOO t-t-t-t^C0'tiC0t-C0lClrtC0<ZiO 

CO t- t- t- b- I- I- t- I- t- 1- t- O O O O O O O O O O O O I- O 

IN <N N C^ IN IN IN IN i?< IN IN M IN 



•SIQ 8 
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cot- 

1-1 CO 

Tfl-tl 



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IN 



OOCOCOlO«Ci|Cit-COCOrJHl-lO COCOlCCOCOCOCOCOrt^r-lrHlOl-i-l 
OOOOOOOOOOOO IN fO CO CO CO -*! CO fO CO CO CO CO o ■* 

1-1 iH 1-1 iH 1-1 1-1 1-1 i-l rH -( t-l 1-1 tH 



OOOOOO050505050505 lO CO CO lO «© t- »Ci ■* CO CO tO CO 05 ^ 

COCOCOCOfOCOiNiNCliNINCI Tf<TjHT}(Tt(TtH^-*itTt<-*-*'<tC|^ 

IN IN IN 01 CI CI CI CI M IN IN IN CI 



05 CO CO ICt- 00 cot- CO cot- CD 0005000505 '^OOOOOQOOiCOiH 

■•+ir}1-<1<Tj<'#'^'*-*Tti-<f*-"* lOOiOlOlOCOCOCOCOiClOlO-^CO 

d CI IN CI CI CI d CI CI CI IN CI IN 



d rH CO 1-1 iH ^ iH iH IN 1-1 CI O CI <0 lO CO lO ICi CO CO »C ■* CO CD CO 05 
00 00 CO OO 00 00 00 CO 00 00 00 CO CICICIiNCICICJCICICIdCIXd 
IN d CJ IN d CI CI CI IN IN CI IN d 




ELECTION RETURNS. 



46» 



if 



•sia Ti 
•sia 01 

•siQ 6 

•sia 8 
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Oic-i ox-i^i'irsrcrsMr-c^^rHcrio-^xr-iot-.-iciLtooo 

(NO Wt-Tl<05 00OC0L0T)O0t-OXO'-iC0OCJI.000r-iOCiOOX 
COIN Q0 05Xl-05 05 0>05 00 0SOI:-0 0>CSO>05 05 05'HC5Cip05C5l-i-i ■ 



LOt- ClOCOl.'OOCSOOiniOCSOccrOCCCOMJ^lfOXI'l'MC'I^Ii-lO 

•*iH L'5OL7L0OOOOlf512i.1OOOOOOOOwOOOOt3TH 

XO Oi^rHC5'-l'H'H^Oii-lrH35Xt-t~t-t'-t-l~C5l-t-t-t-CSC5 

--IW iH I^ C^ rl C^ -<) M C^ >H N d ^ ^ ^ tH -H rH r-l .H r-( 1-1 1-1 i-H r-( rH rt 

OLO 'Ht-j^oxxt-x-*csc:-Hi-c:ciO'-'C:cc;r:c5 0c:: — t- 

CO i-i o o 1.0 "ti u^^ Lt Lt lo Lo o in Lt c5 X C5 o O' o o o o ci o c: -r — 

T-l Cl r-l iH rt .-I 1-1 >H rH tH iH iH rH iH ,-1 1-1 iH CI II M ?) CJ 'M 1-1 CI i-l T^ CI 

oo dcit-xoociroC5CiciOri<-}<~5-t<-t<:r:"rc:-t<-H^cic:c> 

MX l.■5:iO'tlOc^c^O'*tDl;oTt<oooocro"-rt-oo';^o^:x 



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1-1 c^ 

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Ltt-lOOXt-t-t-Ot-t-OdOOOOrHi-iCOOOO 

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01 1-1 C) 



WX C0»H-f^C105^b-i-li-iCIC5Oi-l"*OCIiHOr0CJdCjT--rt^ 
TfO COXOOXt-Xt-t-XXC>i*C|CICOOeoC^LOCICIC^C1CDCO 



1-C5 t-xs;LOOOLOonL-ouoxTj<xOfoc5x>--o>-':cixt:-css:T-i 
It I- oxocoxxxxoxxifflLoco-^itifOco'^oeocococoLOX 



OiH i-lCl^JX-tL'O^CJOi-lLOOLOiD-tCOX'+iCXCit^XXkO-ti 

•TBiox Si2 'ijxcscoxssososi-'OXosTt'criOwt-ot-xxciot^LO'fcs 



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CJ 1-1 r-l iH ■-( r-l iH 1-1 rt 1-1 



co-^'+irO'fwr5Tt<'t<cO'+icocO'*'+cirHr:ci^t- 
Lo lo LO Lo in m m lo lo m ■* m lo in lo lo m Lt m Tfco 
iH CI ci o o CI CI cj CI o ci cq CI 1-1 M 






Q CIX 

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•"♦i-iocooi-ixt-iHoouot-xcocoow^cococoiHo-*-^ 
■*»ni--tmm-tT}i'»}<mm-*LnmowC2©:oo<£icoo^jot- 

,Hi-li-I.Hr1rHi-liHTHrli-mc|CIClCJClClCJCICJCICIOiHCI 

l-t-OirHOtDOt-OCCinXXtOl-OXXOt-XOCOOl-Xt- 
C1COClCOC0C0C0C0COC0C0C1"^-'ti-^-^-'*rt"^-'*i-<f*''^*t'-im 



oc5e>3oxxsixoc;xioo>n^i-i-#?sot--i-cococo^'*i 
»tO'*iOL~L'omm-*oo'*oooi-ioooo~ooococi 

l-lrlr-ll-lr-IT-li-lr-l^i-lrHTHe^CIC^CJCIClMClNWClCJlHCI 

1-1 X CI t- -^ 1-1 CI CI CI "O -H ^ m lo Tjt mi.0 b- 1- LO Tfi •* iH c^ 1-1 1-1 
■*-^i3"*i.'t«ccro:s-ti;s;Or-ii-(,-(rH^^^i-ii-n-ii-i-.cO"* 

,Hl-lrtI-lrHr-ir-lT-<r-ll-ll-lrHC1ClCJCIC^C|CICICJC^C1C1r^CJ 

moco Nooc5C5-t3:xc;ociocox»Hcocic;ooc;t-co 
coLOijf ■*i.nm'*''^Tt"*-*icocoocicocicotococi?ococicjm 

rliHr-li-lrtrH 1-11-1 T-iT-iiH 1-1 MC^ClCICJCJC^WCICIClClr-lCI 



iH-i< 



0«DCDOCCt-0«DCOt-l-"^OC5c35CSCSCSOSC5ai0505C;LnO 




470 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



i*-^!.— >4-'»'^'»'.''-'«''--Wl.',JV'^'\,'^\,>«'.'»''.iW'.'^ NJ' ^^ S^r 1.— l— 1.— «i*^ -W \^./ 11,^ t^V ■I..' WU >* "^ 

l^^OXOOt- 00 00 C30 CO 00 00 CO 00 00 CO OO CO l~ t- t- I- 1- t- 1- I- t- t- t- 1- I- CO 

i-( iH rH T-l r-t T-l T-4 iH T-l rH p-l iH tH i-I 

t-O CO CC 05 kO Tjt ■* Tl< lO ICi -^ •* fO OO OS (X) OO Oi 05 C5 Oi 00 00 01 cc ec Oi 
•errr c <*'^ OO 00 00 00 CO 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 »f5 ItO W O lO lO »C lO »C »0 »C iC 00 >f5 
°iU. b fH r-lr-li-li-lr-l>-liHrHrHiHT-lr-lTH 

lO 'ti LO Tf( lO lO >0 lO lO Uti in lO fONCO'^CO'^'^N'^COC^COO'* 

OO 00 00 00 00 00 OO 00 00 00 00 Qc CO fo CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO cc CO 05 to 

050COX05050050i010i05 OiXCDOCSOOOOOOLnt-QCCDOSOS 
C<l CO M <N (N IN CO IN iM <N W IN '^ ■* Tt< IC tJi ^ti rfi rfi Tf ■* t}( tJI ^ ■* 

,-1 r-l 1-1 r-t rH 1-1 r-l l-l >-l r^ r-l ,H IN IN IN IN (N IN IN IN IN IN IN (N rH N 

iH(NC0Nc<IINiNiN-^C0iNC0 00O05iH0i05t-050505050iO«Ci 

cococd«ooi»«d«d«dcdi:d;d i:Doot-QOi-t-t-t-i--t-t-t-cDOO 

W IN IN IN IN IN IN IN Csl IN C^ Ca M 



000500O050505050ii-IOO (NCD>0t-XOC'L0-tiTtiC0«005'0 
t- CO CO t- «o CD CO CO CO t- t- I- (N iN (N iN C^ IN IN N C^ IN IN IN 01 X' 
rH T-H r-l tH r-l r-l rH i-< r-HH tH rH IN CI <N iN IN iN IN IN IN IN <N iN ^M 

05 CD lO CO CO OO I- to •* b- CD T)< O "-H O O tH O 00 05O0D 00 05 ,hCO 
CO CO CO CD CD CO CO CD CO CO CD CD <N IN C<J d IN iN r-l tH iN t-H rH tH (^o S^ 

O O O O iH i-H r-( r-l O O ■<*< .H IN l- OO X O 05 O 00 05 CO lO -clM 
,-1 ,-( .H i-( r-( -H iH rH -H tH -H rH IN IN IN iN CO IN CO IN IN IN IN CI O "* 
i-( iH iH iH rt 1-1 r-l r^ rH »H 1-1 rH IN IN IN IN IN IN IN IN IN IN IN IN ,H C<1 

coeocoT}(^eoiNcoiHcoiHeo oooooooot^cot-CDcocD»ocot-co 

t— t-t-t-"t~-t-l— t-t»t-t~t- 050505050505050505050505^0'—' 



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i-itti W CO ■* CD 05 OO 05 05 O 05 :* tH lOlOCD CO CO •* 05 ■* x 05 CO iH ODCO 
.TMir>-r ^^^ -^iXCOCvlQOOOOl-l-iKXlC t-0505iN03iH05COOOOOl-ODl-0 

lo^ox-'ticD ici lo m ic »o CD >n lo >o >c in ko lo ^ti Tt< lo tp lo ■* lo tj* ■* ■* Tt< ■* co 



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S TQ 6 lot- kooicrpioioioioioiomm l-t- 

1-1 iH H 1-1 iH 1-1 iH iH 1-1 iH i-l 1-1 iH 1-) iH iH i 

.«T^ r, f^CO CO 00 Tti 00 05 CO O CO ■* O CD -ij< IN051 

sia 8 «DO 000505000505O0505O0505 ococ 

1-IIN iH iH 1-1 iH iH T-l d iH iH C<| 1-1 1-1 e<)THi 

.c-r^ . °OCI lOb-OiN05050500505«OiN IN 05 S 

SIQ X CO 05 t- t- 00 t>- t- t- I- CO t- 1- 1- t- 05 t- c 



I- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1 



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llOlOlOlOlOlOlfjTtl C^r-li-liHi-liHi-li-lrHNl-li-ICO'^ 

( l-( 1-1 1-1 1-1 iH 1-1 iH r-l 1-1 iH i-( 1-1 iH iH 1-1 iH iH 1-1 1-1 iH T-l iH 

05lNC'lLOrf<NC0lNC0'^C0l- COlNiNCOCCrfojiOINiHOi-ICCO 

i-llNiNiHCv)C<liNO)iNINC<|iH COCDCDCOCOCD<OCDCO CCCO <^ X CO 

IN IN IN IN iN M IN IN IN (N IN (N l-l rH iH i-l iH iH rH iH r-l i-l rH r^ i-l iH 

lNl-C0iNt-CDb-CD>OXX-* 05 © © CO O i-l 05 i-l O 05 X C<1 ■* 05 

lo >o »o lo lo >c lo lo inic o >ci © i-i i-i ih i-i i-i o i-i i-i o © ih >o © 

1-1 iH 1-1 i-i iH tH 1-1 1-1 T-l iH iH iH N IN IN (N (N (N M IN IN IN IN IN f-l <N 

t-05-^CO©i:o©©X©05l'- XlNiHX-<l<©Tt<>OTtiiNiNiNCOvra 

©©©©r^ iH i-ItH©iH©© 0505050505©05050505©05©05 



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COtJi X CO in X CD Tfi Tt< CO CI ■^ CD X ■* -^ -"If X »C »0 Tti CO CO CD CI kC CO t- 

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ELECTION RETURNS. 



471 



^llf> ^9SJ3f CO<» 0SMO00lNe0M<NOC0C005 l-KO CO t- t- t- 1- O «0 CD IC >0 
^•^ »„,^-r t-'M O <-( »H O iH rH .-H iH iH 1-1 r-l O CJ (N C^ f 



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OQ0-t<O'-IC5C0l-«''Xt-00 
■^fOOO-^CO(M-^C1MTCCOC^ 



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■Ij tH ^.^ ^ — ' '■^ '^ ' — ' ^ — ' ' — ' ^~' ' — ' ' — ' ' — ' ' — ' ' — ' 

* •C!T/-r nC^llft LOTtlt-lOT-(OiOC^C5C005C1 

S. SiaSMM rH(N^'-<(N.H(M(M^CqtHM 

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t— t-t-lOOOt-t-t-t-OOt-t- 
Tt^OC0'Hl^lr^^^rH^H00t-00 

eOTf(coco'^TtiT}c*'<teocoM 

C<liNNlN<NC1MiMMlNC<|Cq 

»0 lO LO lO IC lO O L'JIO lO lO >-0 



CDl-5 O O O l^ 1-t t- S5 tH as tJh X 1-1 IN «D X CO O W O --I CO 00 ■* -^ 

I^JOX-^iS --it-cocvii-t-t-xccxt-ini OrHoiN-stirHc^cioooscs 

"^O-o OOOOO OO OOOOO CDCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO<DOO 



MWiNMlNiNC^iNC^iNC^lN 



•sia IT gS 



XfOXOSiNiHO'HOSlOOOi X t- >0 05 CO X C5 X lO ■«*< T)< CO 
C0t--«O«0t-t-t-t-C0t-t-C0 XXXX05XXXXXXX 



•sia 8g^ 

1-1 IN 

•sia li?? 

IN 

•sia 9ii^ 



1-1 O ■* Oi CI CO CO 

lo lo ■* -^ in ■>*i lo 

(N C^ IN IN IN IN iN 

X05OOO05O 

■* -^ lO L-l >a I*! LO 

IN IN w CI CI N ca 

1-1 iH O lO CO IN CO 

■* ■* Tjl ^ -.* Tfl ■* 

dWCldC^CICJ 

XOCI,hOi-Ii-i< 

w »o CO o '^ «o ^ ' 



10 05 05-* O 
CICICICJIN 

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■* ^ ■* lo >o 

CIINlNOCl 

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TjH ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ 
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CI iH i-( tH 1-1 1-1 I-) 1-1 1 



•sia f^^i 

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•sia 8 §3 g 



•sia sSS 

iHCO 



>o-* 
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cod 
coco 

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lOoiCO 

■^ T)H "^ 

N^«^ 

=^ci£2 

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t-COCOt_X 
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•BT/T T ON 5^05XXCOO O OOOOO t- 
of CI I O5^5^XXXXClOS05O50i050>X 



coo 
.CO-* 

to CO CO 

a Loxc 

^NCO< 
QCJCJC 



Xojco 
COS? CO 

03mM 



I- X t- d CO tH CO 
IN CI IN CJ CI M IN 

05C;c;ociC5O 

CI CI CI CI N IN CO 
d CI CI O CI d CI 

t-l-b-l-b-d W 

Ifi UO kO lO O lO LO 

ddddddd 

owt-xeoiHX 
•* CO CO CO CO CO d 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 
> CO t- t- X t- b- 05 

) CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 
Iddddddd 



x«£ 
x^ 

^iH 

T-l'"' 

t-x 

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<52 
""it 



Sx 
oco 
rtd 



•BTiT AT^O ir50505OddC0C0Xc0O0i O O O O iH t- X OX X O X O5Q0 

°iU. Ulc^d iH^iHddddd^ddi-i dddddiHiHd^i-id7^ i-ir; 

iHN iH rH 1-1 1-1 ^ rH r-l 1-1 rH ,-1 r-l rH dddddddddddd iH d 

•sia 6 2S 



Ol- 
t-»f5 

d 



XO 

coco 

iHCI 



cod 

dCO 

iHCO 

eot- 

X-* 

d 




472 ^ELECTION RETURNS. 

" rH r-l r-l r-( i-(i-l rH rH ,-( tH iH rH r-l 

•a 

"r-ieor-irt i-i CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 

55S£ ^ 55 25 fc 2 3! 3! 25 £2 3' -2 53 00 1- 5o Tj< t- 1- (M «o cs CO t- «o •* b- 



1000 WkOT}f^Tf<TtiTt<TjiTrTt<^^QOoOOO^SoOoSoo5oSoO§0§ 
rHN r-l-HrlrtrHrHr-lr-ITHrtr-lrtC^lMlNCOlNINCOC^S^CIC^Scq 



Sia T®«g00;*JJiM^C0C0»OMC0C0t-OC<l(NC0O(Nt-O 
riCvl r-lTHr-li-li-lrHrHrHr-lrHT-iTHiri.-sICICqiMCvlCqM 



O5b-O0O5t-QO 
CO CD CD CD M CD- 



•i-*«^isiiiiiii§iiiigissi?i?5^c5s?js^2 



(iHrHiHr-lrHi-ICO'-l 



.„,„ , 22 53 !:: 55 ?3 2 f- t *^ t- t~ >-0 CD 05 05 CO CD CO f- 00 05 ao 00 X 00 Oi o 



?o2 SSSSlSS^S^S^S^SOOOOCOCOt-t-t-CDt-t-l-t-t-CD-^Oift 



t- «£! 1-- t- i^ t- i^ t, t_ t- t- 1- 1-- b- CD CD 

I/-T t!!]^ '"j'-l'-l'-l'-I.HrHrHT-lrHT-lr-ICOCO 



■sia 



CDCDCDCDCOCDCDCDCOCDt-00 

-, -, 22 £2 £2 E2 E2 S2 £2 E2 £2 ^ '-"^ 




ELECTION RETURNS. 



473 



•nsjioqoH 



Ot- M 



C5 "t t- "*| Tt" L- Tf CO ic ■* fo X K X X 1- •-; (- 1- -Ci- r': -t If: 
M CO rt IN CC CO ec « CO CC M l* l- i" -^ i- i,^ '- >-2 '-I "^ K- ^ -^ 
M N 01 CO IN Cl M Cl C4 f 1 C-l i^tXiT. ir. i.* l. u. l. l. i.^ >-. I* <N 



cot- MociLC-'t'xm-^iri-^rHt- 'tcor-f'ocoiNi^iH.-HX'^iecot- 

'IBIOT OSIN kOC505O00XC505C50S0iO CO CC CO CS CO CO ?£ •* CO O i-j CO O CO 

^ T-1 rl 1— I t-l r^ »H iM r-l iH tH i-( r-l "—I 

lOin «Dl!:>WON-*r}<iNeOW-*(N OlOrftO-'i'OOOiOCCTttOLt-^SD 

•^ * .Hd rt rH .H ,H .H rH r-t rH 1-1 tH rH .H (N CO CO CO M IN IN M M iN M N -H N 

OX t-t-:3XX0Xt-00'*0 i-IOXi-lCCOCOCOXLtt-'-l'-lr-l 

■Sia SCS'^ OC5Cit-05CS05CiOC505X CO CO rl f CO CO corco ^ O »H cj c: CJ 

•^ **rtCC CO rH rt rH ^ T-i rH ;^ M r-l r-l rH CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO tH CO 

coo X'-ixo'O^c.Hro^co '-'^'-'■it'CO-H^^cjNcoO':^^ 

•sin o 0X3S MO05O05CCOO wCX CiC.OCJ^CJOOCjCrX^CCS 

•^ " 1-1 CO CO CO iH iH iH CO CO CO CO CO C0 1-1 coco cocococo^cococoMcococo 

-i<i< th CO CO ^X) CO CO-* CO CO CI CO o «o so i-^ t- Se '^ 25 s 1 1! 1 3! 55 
•sia T ooo cixxxt-xxxxxxx oc2ri2S::5SSc:o-;XO 

"-•■ •• CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ri CO CO CO 



H 

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xco tHt-cot-'*-*'*c3coocoQO »^ ^«3 »r ?£ s J; cj J; i- w S 2S? 
trroj <0'.i<-t"t<'*'*'*'*'*'*'*'* CiOC>ciXCiC:c:xxcic;'*o 

•JBIO J, lO 1-1 TfTji-^-^TfTftTri'^Tjt-^r'*'* i-rHr-l.-liHi-li-lrHl-tlH'-li-i-fCO 

Lct- i-xxx»xxxi-xxx c:c;t:'^5'~'2t!il::;'^2'^9£ 

■SIQ 9 '^^ O L'^ L': Li O IC O O LI »C O O COOrHO;-OOOgi;;;.CL.O 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 00 CO CO CO CO CO co 

est- Ci CO ^ ■* N iH iH CO 1-1 01 CO rt* X CS O O Ci O nj Si ^ "* ^T 'T riS 
"-^ ^ CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ot CO CO CO 

t-X CDXLICSt-wOl-CSt-l-t- xxxxxxxxxxxxt-o 
•eirr », ^CO ■* t* rti rf rti rfi ■*•*•*•*■* -^ti CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ■* CO 
SIU V ^ci SS^r-iTHS^r-11-ir-ir-I.H OJCOCOCOOJOlOICOCOCOCOCOi-iCO 

C^iH 0> rt 1-1 1-1 iH iH iH rH .H ^ iH X CO iH ^ CO O CO ^5 CO CO X -"I CO O OJ 
•sia p '^'^ COOOOOOCOOOO XXXXXXXXXl-XXOOS 

l-O COt-t-t-t-t-t-t-t— t-t-O b-t-t-t-b-t-t-t-t-t-b-l-l— t- 

•sirr T (DiO ooocoooooooot- laiooowoLmmLoiroocoi"; 

°.VJ. O ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ rt 1H 1-1 iH iH l-l rH T-( — 

^o iH iH 1-1 -I iH ^ -H ^ iH 1-1 1-1 1-1 oooooooooao st-H r^ 

■SIQ T'l^'^ COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO lainiSLlLOlOlOlOLO-'tiTfiTjiOl-r 






ai .S ^ 



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tig « 
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(U -< tj S -< t- T' 



M fl ^ 




1*74 ELECTION RETURNS. 

coco CO CO CO coo? CO CO CO CO CO CO CO cococococococomcocomm mm 



03 1-IO 

.a 05C0 

•SIQ I OiOO 



t-rH< 

iMiN 



IN IN 
WIN 



iN 01 IN IN (N IN IN cq 

Lo ira lo lo lo o lo ic 

C^lNiNiNiNiNiNC^ 



IN,H 

CO CO 

■*Tfl 



OiHt 

cococ 



) CO CO CO CO 



cocococococococococococo t~t-i-t-t-r-r-tit 



) 00 00 X 00 GC 00 GO 00 
) 00 X X 00 X 00 X 00 



cot- 
t-M 



ro 05 05 05 ro OS Oi 05 05 05 05 05 05 X 



H 

9 S 

03 O 

i_ ^ 

P cc 

» I 



XlO 

•lB:joxcot2 

ID 1-1 
•SI(J g CD^ 

•SIQ S *^ 

cot- 



■^co 

t-IO 
•IBJ.0J,05t^ 



•sia ^?JI3 

xco 



r^.-li-lrHiH'-li-lrHO'Hr-IM 
JJiNOJCliNiNiNiNlNC^iNCl 

cocorococococococooococo 

CDiac05Dtt>!0«0;DC0CD^?D 
050505050505050505050505 

XXXXXXXXt-XX05 
XXXXXXXXXXXX 

t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t- 

cocoeocococococococococo 

i-liHr-lT-lt-lr-l HrHiHj-H'-lT-l 

t-l-Xin)t-t-t-lCilOiN05t- 

XXXXXXXXX05XX 
O505O505O505050505050505 

lO lO LO >0 Ifi >0 lO lO Tf 05 CO CD 

cocococococococococococo 

iNMOIMI^iNiNNiNC^NiN 

cocoTt<i-ico-^coMco>o-*co 

iHiH>-li-lT-|l-lT-|i-lrHi-(rHrH 

COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 



'Sin z*^^^ t- 1- X t- 1 



INt- 



coco 

Tf<CO 

•siQ 8 IS 



xco 

•sia T S^ 



lOX 
Sia X IN.H 



00050000050505 

©omcocD^ooicioioocD 

iNiNMiNCvliNiNiNiNOqC^IN 

t-XXXXXXl-l-0505X 

t- I- I- I- t- t- I- t- t- t- t- t- 

■NCOCOCO^COCOiNMr-l-ilfcO 
COOOCDOOOOCOCDCOiXi 
(NiNlNCIC^iNiNWflWiNiN 

iNiNiNlNiNiNlNMOIiNMiN 

cocococococococo co^co eo co 

Oi-li-li-lrt^lHrH,Hr-lT-lr-l 

«dcdoco«docc)Oi:d<oocd 

l-|rH.-li-|l-ll-li-lrHi-I.HrHi-( 

05b-t-b-TtlOQDl-t-iot-t- 

XXXXXXXXXXXX 
OlOlCilOlClOOlOKllOlOlO 

■i<-*^Tt<>HCOTt(TtlTtfTtl'*Tt< 

iNiNiNCv|iNiNMiNO)iN<NiN 



»Hr-liH,-lrH,HOr-l,-|rH'HT-l 
O5 05O5O5O5O5O5O5O5 05O5O5 
iNMiNiNiNiNiNMMiNiNiN 



TMXb-t-5--05050505t-005 
CJ OJ M IN 01 IN OJ C<) CI IN OCi 
t- t- t- t- t- I- I- t- t- t- t- l- 

0,-|OOOT-|,Hrtr-IOlN'-l 
'*<TtlTtl'^-*rtHTtl-^-^Tt<Tf<Tt< 
'-I'-Hi-lT-l'-liHr-lr-lT-li-liHiH 

iroffios^ooooooo 

XXXXX05O505O5O5O505 
iNiNOHNOIiNiNiNiNiNCliN 

t-xxxxxxxxi^xx 

0505^050505050505050505 
iNOllNiNiMiNiNiNlNNlNW 

3^"*l-*l-»Jl3^Tj4TtllO-*rtlTfiT)i 

T-;c<liNiHOJO«iNCO-<*<05COe«5 

I-lrHTHTHl--lrHrHr-lr-(iHTH,H 

c<Jcoco-rtHeoc<icoTtico^Tt<co 
cocococococococococococo 

»Hi-lrHrH'Hi-lr-liHrHiHrHT-l 

Or-IOr-l'-flNr-liHr-lrHTHi-l 
t- t- t- t- t- t- t- t- I- -t-t- 

iNXrHOOOrHlNiHOrHrH 

05X050505 0505 0505 05 0505 



l-l-XO505O505O5XXt-t- 

COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 

COOOO^ciX'CDOOOOO 
OOOr-(r-lrH»-li-(iHC^OO 

coeocococococoeocoeococo 

T-li-li-liHiHrHr-(iHi-li-ti-(T-( 

05THi-(rHi-lT-(rHi-IO05OO 
lOOOCOOCDCOCOOiOOCD 
(NlNlNlNlNlNNiNINC^iNlN 

XCDt-b-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t- 

•^TtlTfiTf<TtlTt(Tt(Ttl'*Tj<Tt<Tt( 

(NiNiNiNOIiNOIINiNiNiNM 



OSlNr-l 

I- XX 

t-t-t- 

Or-IO 

ooo 
CO CO CO 



iNiNCICOiHiNCOWiN 
XXXXXXXXX 

l-t-t-t-t-l-t-l-t- 

i-lrHT-fTHO'HrHiHrH 
OOOOOOOOO 

cocooococococococo 

■l-t-t-t-t-t-Xt-t- 

(iHrHi-lr-lT-lT-lr-l'HT-l 

jcococococococococo 






CO rj3 









I 

a^ 






a : 
9fl 



— r— < CO 



iHX 
N<N 

cot- 



xo 

X05 
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l-X 
CO 05 

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OCO 
05-* 
05-* 

LOCO 

coin 

iNi-l 

Tj*co 
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COrH 



OrH 
CO 05 
IN 



rt<0 

toco 

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TJ40 

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CD-* 
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05t- 
kO t- 

TtHlN' 

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fHCO 

U5C0 

t-r-( 

iHCO 

rHCO 
05 CD 



. ^ . I 
2 J 









ELECTION RETURNS. 



475 



\,-H Ijy ^.j V,.^ S,ij ,,>> .i^ l,-^ 1,.^ Nj. %!■ s,.^ 1,-^ I 1 1^* ^* ^^* .^ v* W* ■■r* ^*-V t W* ^J • ■ l.'rf ■*^-' 

OMOX — l^ jox in i^ lo in o lo in lo in lo o o o lo I- 1- 1- X t- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- X CO u5 1- 



1-1 I 

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aiinooo5Ciocc50oo505coc50t-<£>oi-in«oo«0'*to«ooo'* 

•sin P OOOOOOOOOCOOOOOXGOODOOaOCOOOOOOOOOOOO'HgsO 

t~ CO X o o Qo cs o --I C5 o o C5 m in Ln m t- 1.-: o 'f o c^ -^ I- C5 c in 

"SlfT 7 X-1<X0505XXXC5XOO:XX-^-t'*-#'*-ti;i'COTt<-l<-);o^ 

.„^„ ^ (NCC1 CI W'*c^c^Ti«Lnfocc-*icooi;oLni-t-3^^tr 52^152 

CJ -* C< CJ CI CJ CI CI CI CJ CI d CI CI N 

C0OOl-t-ini-Ot-Ob-l-'*CCiXO05CIXOOi-it-OCI-*l-l- 

"Sirr rxinxxxxxxxxxxxx-^Tft^finTt^LomLnTtiLnininx"* 
•^ " ci CI CI CI CI CI CI CI CI c< ca CI CI CJ 

Oin'-'05050i05X0505'H0005-tiOmCit-t-t-C^-1<Ol-C:cj'* 

•Birr T xxxt-i-t-t-t-t-t-xxxt-xxxxxxxxxxxxoox 

"•'-1 >• iM dClCICliNClClCICICICICIW 

, _ t-C>t-a>t-ini-t-t-OiX?Ol^-*0050CiOC5C5XC500Clt-0 

SIQ g Xr-lXXXXXXXXXXXXC|rHC<r^(MrH-HrHr-ldCIC1XlCI 

IN M Cq W CI d CI CI M d d CI CI d 

xoxt-osmcoi-i-int-cot-odTHrHco^cO'H'ffOxddt^cc 
•oirr T inxinininnoininoinininmxxxxxxxt-xxxxicx 
s.'CI I d ddddddddddddci 



a 
o 

Jzi 
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n 



•naronotr 'm t-'HOlnlnooo^-Olno^5coa^^ ccot-iHXxctijTirr^cox 

— TBao T doofOfOddccddcocococceodcocococccofCdcoccrocccofo 

l-s+^Oi rti:^rtrtr-lr-(.H.-lr-lrHr-|i-(i-(T-lddddddddddddr-<d 



i^d 



•^ ** cscooooscioojooososoodcocccodcocoddfodoocjec 

dl-l Tl dddddddddddd d 

•sirr 7 oofCdcirHi-iTHdCi'i-ii-iiHr-i»LoxciC50x<-(C50JOOdo 

"3irr T xinxo5Xxxxxxxc5XXd'*i'*ieocoMeo^cooo-*dt-co 

*^ ■■ foeoccfocococofocofo :cccocococococococofCco«ococofCccM 

iH d rt rH i-H i-l rl T-l r-< 1-1 ^ Tl rt tH d d d d d d d d d d d d i-l d 

CSt-050505XOOOi050dO>-l?OC5t-OX'-XXiH»nt-»Cd«D 

SIQ f fo«Dcoccecco-*^coco-^^-*Ttt«ocicoi-«o;oooo«2csc3-<to 
OTt<dT-i^,Hrt^THOi-('-iiHOTti;D?200t-i-iDt-i-t>-c2^Ln 

SIQ 8 O t- C O O O O O O O O O O O t- I- l~ l~ t- t- t- t- t- t- I- t- O l- 

.^^„ _ 05co>-idOOiroo.H?cd-*'*«£din?5<r>'*OLn'*<-n"*'rOi-ixr-i 
SIQ n o Lo t- 1- 1- CD I- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- 1- in in L-^ L- in m m lc lo \n \n lo t^- lo 

T-(dr-lr-(,-lfHr-liHi-(.HrH,-lT-lrHdddddddddddd.-ld 

. „ , cood'*'*coin-*ininoinc3«DOooT-iOr-iociC50C50co<-H 

SIQ I CO Ln CO CO cc CO CO CO M JO CO CO CO CO in L- m Ln m Ln m ■* -* m ■* in CO m 

tl d 1-1 r-l 1-1 r-l T-l Tl f-l r-l T-l -H rH Tl d d d d d d d d d d CI d H d 

i-(.HcooddcocodtHin->*<eo^oi-CiociOCic;i-C5Xi-coo 

■SI(7 P iHCOi-l'H.HrHr-ltHi-I.HrH'HrH.-ICOddCOdCOCICICIdddrHeO 
i-ICOiHrHrHi-liHi-li-li-liHr-li-lT-ICOCOC'rctCOrOrOCOrrCOCOCCrHeO 



ocsciOiOscsoiOsosoddctoc.crcoro^'XxccO'H 
*SIQ Z CO Tt< CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ■* ■* ■* CO CO ^ i* '* I- L* i" 1* -r -r -t L- 1- CO in 

•^ " r-<dr-(rHr-lrtiHiH,HrH,-lrHr-l.HddddddddClddCliHd 

O03C0Tt<rHOr-(i-lrHOrHdddXXXXC5XXC5OOOOOO 

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•^ •■ >Hdr-ll-lr-l.Hr-<rHr-(rHr-|iHr-li-lddddddddddddTHd 




476 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



S^fc 00 50 cot- 00 00 OCX 00 CO 00 GO 10 10 --i ;d o lo in 10 10 o 10 »c os th 



M 


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cocq 


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oocz)Xt-ooc»<»i-ccciOii- 
cOfocofOoofocococofOcoto 

I- t- O O ■* Tff to (N iM CO -ft f 

corococococococococoeoco 

COr-I^OCOW'-t.-lrH'H.HO 



iMosost-oiocc'ifflici-iuiu:) 

COCOCOCCfOCOCOCOdCOCOM 
CCieD?OCCCO;D?DCDCOCDi;DO 



SO0505050005O050S050> 



eocoooco(Ncococ<iooor-ico 

O5asO5O5O5O5OiOi00O>O5OS 



ot-oo«ocp(r'>o-*icoco(N'* 
c 000© 0000000 



cooooooosooost-osiHOO 

Tt<Ttl-^TtH-^Tf<-^Tt<Tt<miOtO 



Ot-(Z)t-OOXOOCOOXOSOO 

«o Lo Lo Lo LOO in ic 10 la o 10 



CDt-CO'^t-l-t-l-OOOCDt- 



iOrH>cicxiooocococo>o>c 

OiO 05 05 Oi 00 05 05 05 05 
iHlNi-lr-ltHrHi-liHiHr-li-lT-l 



Tt(«0>2''^'^^00O«DO>OC0c0M 

■»fTj(O-^Tt<'tTtC<J("tlTtT+|-^C0'^ 

cocoMcococococococococococo 

CDt-'+iHt-COt-05i:Dl-l-l-t-C0 
ICCOCDt-CDCDCOCDCDCOCD'OCOCO 

fOTti-^ioiocociTti-^TtiTticoiMeo 

•^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Tt< ^ t)^ ^ ^ ^i ^ d ^ 

COfOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCCCOCOi-lfO 



l-)niC«iS«D0000b-CO00«OO51OC0 

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