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Full text of "Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey"

J328 Copy 2 , 

M29U '^- ''^' Manual of the Legisla-j 
ture of New Jersey 

191U 



J328 



Copy 2 



M29U if. J. Manual of the Legis 
lature of New Jersey 



191h 



DATE DUE 



JORROWERS NAME 



New Jersey State Library 

Department of Education 

Trenton, New Jersey 08625 



0Pi{ fitiMno IN u.*Jl 



tijft THE PERSONAL 
A fENTlON OF 




A ^ 



^„— =^=W^^-^^-^^^l-^^ 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



MANUAL 



OF THE 



Legislature of New Jersey 



One Hundred and Thirty-Eighth Session. 



1914 




BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 
Copyright, 1914, by Thomas F. Fitzgerald. 



Trenton, N. J. : 
Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Legislative Reporter, 

Compiler and Publisher. 



M 7^4 



^iti^/^J^ 



PROPERTY O! 
RECEIVED 

Division of State Ubmry 

Archives and History 

Trenton, N» J. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in 1914, by 

THOMAS F. FITZGERALD, 

in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



4®^ The newspaper press are welcome to use such parts of the work as 
they may desire, on giving credit therefor to the MANUAL. 



STATE GAZETTE PUB. CO., PRINTERS, 
TRENTON, N. J. 



Calendar for 191 4. 



1914 


. 


f 


d 


^ 


i 




,^* 


1914 


si 


^ 


S 


"^ 


i 


•ei 






i 


^ 


- 


^ 


1 


1 

8 




^ 


^ 


w 


1 




8 


^1 

4 
11 


JAM 


JULY 




4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 




5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


r^5 


i 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


AUG 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


i 

8 


FEB... 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


9,9, 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 




23 


24 


25 


26 


■11 


28 


9,^ 


MAR.. 
















SEPT.. 


30 


31 


... 
1 


"2 


'3 


4 


5 


1 


2 


3 


4 


6 


6 


7 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


1^ 




15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


9,^ 




29 


30 


31 












27 


28 


29 


30 








APR... 


■5 


6 


"7 


i 

8 


2 
9 


3 
10 


4 
11 


OCT 










i 

8 


2 
9 


3 
10 




4 


5 


6 


7 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


... 


... 




25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


MAY ... 












1 
8 


2 
9 


NOV... 










... 








3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 




15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


•^1 




24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


JUNE. 


31 

"7 














DEC... 


29 


30 












1 
8 


2 
9 


3 
10 


4 
11 


5 

12 


6 
13 
















1 


2 


3 


4 


5 




14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


1^ 




21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




28 


29 


30 












20 

27 


21 

28 


22 
29 


23 
30 


24 
31 


25 


26 

















PERPETUAL CALENDAR 

FOB ASCKKTAINING THE DAY OF THE WEEK FOR ANV YEAR 
BETWEEN 1700 AND 2499. 



Table op Dominical 

LETTERo. 



year qp the 

CENTURY, j 

N. B.—A star^ 
on the left 
denotes leap 
year. 



*28 *56 


1 29, 57 1 


2 30 


58 


3, 31 


59 


*4 *32'*60' 


5 33 


61 


6 34 


62 


7, 35 


63 


*8*36 


*64 


9, 37 


65 


10 38 


66 


11 39 


67 


*12 *40 


*68 


13, 41 


69 


14 


42 


70 


15 


43 


71 


*16'*44 


*72 


17 


45 


73 


Ifl 


46 


74 


19 


47 


75 


*20 *48 


*76 


21 


49 


77 


22 


50 


78 


23 


61 


79 


*24 


*52 


*80 


25 


53 


81 


26 


54 


82 


27 


55 


83 



CENTUK'S. 

o 'o 'o'o 

o o o ,o 

1-1 (CI CO Hj" 
-M C^ C^l CI 

I- cc n o 



E G 
D F 

c!e 

r 

g'b 

FA 
E G A 
D F G 



Month. 



Jan. Oct. 

Feb. Mar. Nov. 

Jan. Apr. July 

May 

June 

Feb. Aug. 

Sept. Dec, 



Dominical Letter. 



15 22 

16 23 

17 24 

18 25 
19! 26 
20, 27 
21 28 



A 


B 


c 


D 


E 


F 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


Q 


A 


B 


i) 


D 


K 


B 


(3 


I) 


E 


F 


G 


E 


F 


Vt 


A 


B 


c 


c 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


F 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


§ 


s 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


s 


s 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


Af 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 



M 

Tu 
W 

Th 
F 

S 

S 



EXPLANATION. 

t'nder the Century, and in the line wfi™ 
the Year 0/ the Century, is the Dominical 
Letter of the Year. Then in the line with 
the month find the column couiaining 
this letter ; in this column, and in line 
with the day of the Month, is the day of 
the Week. In Leap Years, the letters for 
January and February are in the lines 
where these mouths are printed in Italics. 

exampi.es. 

For December 31st, 1875 : for 1^5, the 
letter is C ; under C, in a line with 31, is 
Friday; and for January 1st, 1876, the 
letter is A ; under A, and in a line with 
1, is Saturday. 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



Within the limits of what is now the State of New Jer- 
sey, asiJe from any evidences of the presence of prehis- 
toric man in the "Trenton Gravels," the original inhabi- 
tants of the commonwealth were Lenni Lenape, or Dela- 
ware, Indians. This subdivision of the great Algonkin 
family occupied the river valleys of the State, had made 
some progress in agriculture and in elementary arts, were 
peaceable but small in numbers, and at last have become 
totally extinct in this portion of the United States. 

In its settlement. New Jersey was not an English colony. 
The claims of the Crown, based upon early discovery and 
various grants, were totally ignored by two great com- 
mercial nations of Europe— Holland and Sweden. It was 
not until 1664, practically a half century after the first 
occupancy of New Jersey by a white man, that England 
had aught more than a slight influence upon the destinies 
of the State. In settlement, Holland was first to send out 
planters, under the auspices of the Dutch West India 
Company. Claiming both the valleys of the Hudson and 
the Delaware, by virtue of the explorations of Hudson and 
Mey, land was taken up upon the banks of the Hudson, 
Passaic, Hackensack, Raritan and smaller streams tribu- 
tary to New York harbor, as well as at Gloucester upon 
the Delaware. By 1630 these claims were well established 
by occupancy, and by the creation of a centre of local 
government in what is now New York city. Upon the 
rapidly growing infiuence of Holland, Sweden looked with 
jealous eye. Gustavus Adolphus, in his plan to make 
Sweden a world-power, saw the Dutch to be dangerous 
rivals in America. In 1638 there was equipped a Swedish 
expedition to settle the valley of the Delaware. What 
is now the State of Delaware, the valley of the Schuylkill 
and isolated portions of the west bank of the Delaware 
River were occupied, civil and military government was 
established, and the colony of farmers and traders entered 
upon a brief career of prosperity. The death of Gustavus 
Adolphus, internal dissensions in Sweden, the inherent 
weakness of the Delaware settlements, and the constantly 
increasing power of Holland brought matters to a crisis. 
In 1655 New Sweden was conquered by New Netherlands, 
(7) 



8 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

and for nine years the soil of New Jersey was absolutely 
under Dutch control. 

Emerging- from the interregnum of the Cromwells, the 
restoration of the House of Stuart brought peace to Eng- 
land. On the 12th of March, 1664, Charles H., with royal 
disregard for previous patents, grants and charters, deeded 
to his brother James, Duke of York, a vast tract embrac- 
ing much of New England, New York and all of what is 
now New Jersey. This was accompanied by active prep- 
arations to drive the Dutch from America, as they, in 
alien claims to New Jersey, practically separated the New 
England colonies from Virginia, Maryland and the Caro- 
linas. In the summer of 1664 armed vessels appeared in 
New York harbor. After negotiations, the Dutch sur- 
rendered and the power of Holland in North .America be- 
came simply a mattei of history. In the meantime JameS; 
Duke of York, transferred to two favorites of the House 
of Stuart— John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret— 
practically what is now the State of New Jersey. In 
honor of Carteret's defense of the Island of Jersey (Cae- 
sarea) during the Parliamentary wars, the territory was 
called New Jersey (Nova Caesarea). cv 

Carteret and Berkeley, in granting a liberal frame of 
government and extolling the advantages of their colony 
so well located for agriculture, commerce, fishing and 
mining, attracted settlers not only from ' England, but 
from Scotland and New England, particularly Long Island 
and Connecticut. These planters were largely Calvinists, 
from Presbyterian and Congregational communities, and 
mainly occupied land in Newark, Elizabeth and upon the 
north shore of Monmouth county. The valley of the Dela- 
ware remained unsettled. The Calvinists brought into 
East Jersey distinctive views upon religious and civil mat- 
ters. Early legislatures punished many crimes by death, 
the penalties being similar to those of the Jewish dispen- 
sation, while the "town-meeting" strengthened the indi- 
vidual action of the small communities. There was an 
intense individualism in every phase of political and relig- 
ious development, the life of the people centering around 
the church and the school house, the head of both, as in 
New England, being the minister. 

In 1676 a division of the interests of Carteret and Berke- 
ley occurred. In the meantime Berkeley had disposed of 
his rights to a company of English Quakers, a conflict had 
ensued, and to establish the claims of all parties concerned, 
the two colonies of East and West Jersey came into 
existence. A line was drawn from a point in Little Egg 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 9 

Harbor to the Delaware Water Gap, Berkeley and his 
assigns retaining West Jersey as their moiety, Carteret 
obtaining East Jersey. 

By Berkeley's transfer the dominant Influence in West 
Jersey was that of the Society of Friends. Salem was 
settled in 1675, Burlington, Gloucester and the site of Tren- 
ton about five years later, while within ten years there- 
after the "shore" communities of Cape May and Tucker- 
ton came into existence. The Society of Friends estab- 
lished in West Jersey a series of communities in which 
the life of the people was different from that of East Jer- 
sey. As East Jersey resembled New England in civil gov- 
ernment, so West Jersey resembled Virginia. The political 
and social centres of the large plantations were the shire- 
towns, slave owning was common, a landed aristocracy 
was established, prominent families intermarried, and 
under the advice of William Penn and his friends good 
faith was kept with the Indians. Capital punishment was 
practically unknown and disputes were settled frequently 
by arbitration. ^ 

Two elements of discord marked the genesis of East Jer- 
sey and of West Jersey. One, external, was the attitude 
of the Duke of York after he became James II. In 1673 
New Jersey was recaptured by the Dutch, who held the 
colony until the early spring of 1674. A question arose as 
to the Duke of York's title after 1674, reconveyances were 
made, but in spite of past assurances, James II. claimed 
the proprietary right of government. To that end Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was commissioned Governor of New Jersey, 
and a climax was reached in 1680 when the proprietary 
governor of East Jersey was carried prisoner to New York. 
In 1681 the Crown recognized the justice of the proprietors' 
contention, and local government was re-established, but 
not before the seeds of discontent were sown that bore 
fruit in the Revolutionary War. 

An internal disturbance was a contest between the 
Boards of Proprietors and the small land owners. Both 
in East and West Jersey, Carteret and Berkeley and their 
assigns had transferred to wealthy combinations of capi- 
talists—most of whom were non-residents— much of the 
broad acreage of the colonies. With the land went the 
right of selection of Governors and of members of Execu- 
tive Councils, which right Berkeley and Carteret had 
derived from the Crown. This, with "quit-rent" agita- 
tions in East Jersey, led to much bitterness. Finally, dis- 
gusted with turmoil, and viewing a sentiment of revolt 
on the part of the people, the Boards of Proprietors sur- 



10 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

rendered to the Crown, in 1702, their rights of government, 
retaining only their interest in the soil, East and West 
Jersey were united, and the two provinces became the 
royal colony of New Jersey. 

From 1702 until the outbreak of the Revolution the polit- 
ical history of the colony was quite uneventful. Through- 
out the period of seventy-five years there was almost con- 
stant friction between the Legislature and the Governor 
and his Council. The governors, in the main, were Crown 
favorites sent over the sea without a personal knowledge 
of the colony and with but an ill-concealed ambition to 
wrest from the people as much money as could be secured 
for the support of themselves and the executive office. 
The Councils, composed of wealthy land owners of the 
Society of Friends and rich merchants from East Jersey, 
were quiescent, and even the members of the popular 
branch of the Legislature were chosen by those possessing 
property qualifications. The small non-voting farmers 
raised the cry of "aristocracy," and the equivalent of 
"taxation without representation," and while loyal to the 
Crown were open in their expressions of dissatisfaction 
to the personal attitude of their governors. In 173S New 
Jersey, in recognition of this sentiment, was given a gov- 
ernor separate from the one appointed jointly for the colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey. 

During this period the farm was the centre of the activi- 
ties of the life of the people; particularly was this true in 
the western part of the colony, where favoring climate 
and soil, slave labor and the proximity of Philadelphia led 
to abundant crops and a good market. In East -Jersey a 
commercial spirit was more active. Perth Amboy threat- 
ened to rival New York, and Jersey ships from Newark, 
Elizabeth and the Monmouth villages were to be found 
from Boston to Charleston. The repressive economic 
policy of the Crown precluded the development of manu- 
factures. In the southern part of the State, sand and un- 
limited forests of oak and pine led to the development of 
glass making, while "bog iron," with abundance of lime 
from oyster shells, gave an impetus to the erection of 
forges and bloomaries. These, as well as the copper mines 
of the trap rock region, were throttled by adverse Parlia- 
mentary legislation. Ship building was a recognized in- 
dustry, and cedar was extensively "mined" from the 
sunken forests of the tide-water district. Whaling and 
other fisheries were unhampered, and were profitable, as 
was also the trade in skins and in hay from the salt 
meadows of the coast. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 11 

Throughout the years from 1702 to 1776 gold and silver 
and copper money was scarce. In obedience to the de- 
mand of the English merchants that competition should 
be crushed, legislation was enacted to draw "hard" money 
away from the colony. An inflated p'aper currency, first 
Issued in 1707 to provide ways and means to aid the Cana- 
dian expedition against the French, poured from the 
printing presses. Trade was reduced to barter, and gold, 
silver and copper were practically at a premium for nearly 
three generations. 

Of the more prominent incidents during the period were 
the organized attempts to suppress piracy in New York 
and Delaware bays, the growth of a well-defined system 
of transportation by land and water between New York 
and Philadelphia, the establishment of ferries and post 
roads, the reclamation of waste land, the injection of 
Hugenot, Scotch-Irish and Palatinate German elements 
into the settled population, the chartering of Princeton 
University and Rutgers College, the religious revival led 
by Whitefield, the propogation of abolition doctrines by 
Woolman, the erection of a series of barracks owing to the 
French and Indian war, and what is probably of supreme 
importance, the growth of a sentiment of independence 
fostered by the stupid policy of the Crown, and carried 
from hamlet to hamlet, as much by itinerant hawkers and 
by "Redemptioners," who had served their time, as by any 
other cause. • 

The opening of the Revolution found New Jersey's senti- 
ment unevenly crystalized. Few, if any, were favoring 
absolute independence. There were three elements. One, 
the Tory party, was led by Governor William Franklin, 
the illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. This conserva- 
tive class embraced nearly all the Episcopalians, a vast 
proportion of the non-combatant members of the Society 
of Friends and some East Jersey Calvinists. Another ele- 
ment was composed of men of various sTiades of belief, 
some in favor of continual protest, others desirous of com- 
promise. This included at the outbreak of the struggle 
most of the Calvinists, some few Quakers of the younger 
generation, and the Scotch-Irish. The third party drew 
its support from a few bold, aggressive spirits of influence 
whose following included men who believed that war 
for independence would benefit their fortunes. 

The part played in the Revolution by New Jersey has 
been frequently told. Events passed rapidly after the 
affairs of Trenton and Princeton; Monmouth and Red Bank 
will never be forgotten, while the raids at Salem. Spring- 



12 HISTORY OP NEW JERSET. 

field, Elizabeth, in the valley of the Hackensack, and the 
winter at Morristown are a part of national history. Oc- 
cupying- a position between New York and Philadelphia, 
its soil was a theatre where the drama of war was always 
presented. At no time was the Tory element suppressed, 
finding- its expression in open hostility, or in the barbaric 
cruelties of the "Pine Robbers" of Monmouth, Burlington, 
Gloucester and Salem counties. Though under suspicion, 
the Society of Friends were neutral, for conscience sake, 
remaining close to the teachings of their creed. 

The close of the struggle found the people of New Jersey 
jubilant and not disposed to relinquish their sovereignty. 
The Articles of Confederation were weak and had become 
a by-word and a jest. There was much State pride and 
much aristocratic feeling among the old families who con- 
tinued to dominate State politics. The Constitution of 1776, 
adopted by New Jersey as a makeshift war measure, pro- 
vided that all State officers of prominence should be elected 
by a Legislature, which was chosen by voters possessing 
property qualifications. As in the colony, the Governor 
was Chancellor, and class distinctions were closely drawn. 
In spite of agitation, all proposed changes were rejected, 
and a strong federal union with the other States was 
viewed with dislike and suspicion. The State, in a quarrel 
with New York, at one time refused to obey the requests 
of Congress, and, in the exercise of her sovereignty, estab- 
lished a Court of Admiralty and coined money. 

While the spirit of "State rights" was dominant, it was 
recognized by leaders of public thought that New Jersey 
was too weak to stand alone. She entered the Annapolis 
convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation, 
and whose lasting monument was the present Federal 
Constitution adopted in Philadelphia in 1787. Upon the 15th 
of June of that year the "New Jersey Plan" was pre- 
sented, which, while lost as a measure, led to the famous 
compromise upon representation, whereby in the Senate 
of the United States the States were given equal vote, with 
a representation based on population in the House. 

The adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
led to the rapid growth of political parties in New Jersey 
as elsewhere. In spite of the intense conservatism of the 
State, led by the Quakers of West Jersey, who were Fed- 
eralists almost to a man, the anti-Federalist sentiment de- 
veloped rapidly, spurred by a virulent party press, the 
death of men who had been trained in colonial methods of 
thought and the democratic tendency of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which grew in strength in West Jersey. 



HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 18 

In the eastern part of the State there was among the Indi- 
vidualistic Calvinists a strong anti-Federal spirit. This, 
in 1800, led to the election of Thomas Jefferson as President 
of the United States, and in ISOl the election of his political 
ally, Joseph Bloomfield, as Governor of the State of New 
Jersey. The death of Hamilton at the hands of Burr, and 
the death of Livingston, the "war" Governor, tore down 
Ihe strongest pillars of Federalism in New Jersey, and led 
to the absolute domination of the State by the anti-Feder- 
alists, who held power until the outbreak of the second war 
with England. 

The period from 1790 to 1812 in New Jersey was marked 
by a demand for internal improvements and better trans- 
portation. The agitation concerning the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal, Stevens' experiments in 1802 with steam, 
along the lines laid down in 1785 by Fitch, the project of 
the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures at Pat- 
erson as early as 1791, and highways conducted through the 
northwest portion of the State, indicate the trend of public 
sentiment. 

The second war with England was not altogether a pop- 
ular measure in New Jersey. The Federalists, the "Peace 
Party," secured control of the Legislature and elected 
their Governor. Nevertheless the State furnished her 
quota of troops. The one permanent effect of the struggle 
upon the State was indirect. Owing to the movement of 
supplies and the necessity of quick transportation between 
Philadelphia and the exposed port of New York, the wagon 
roads between Bordentown and Perth Amboy, and between 
Trenton, New Brunswick, Metuchen, Rahway, Elizabeth 
and .Newark, were improved and their advantages as 
"short routes" demonstrated. Upon these lines two later 
railroads, now a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, 
were constructed. 

The era following the close of the war of 1812 until the 
opening of the Civil War was one of stupendous activity. 
Interrupted only by the financial depressions of 1817 and 
1837, and slightly retarded by the Mexican War, the pro- 
gress of the State was beyond the wildest dreams of the 
enthusiast, Alexander Hamilton. In the eastern part of 
the State, aided by a constantly increasing foreign popula- 
tion, Jersey City rose from the marshes, Newark grew 
toward her present greatness, Paterson became a centre 
of industry, while in the west, Camden was recognized as 
an available site for manufactures. The public school 
system was established and extended, reforms in the car- 
ing for the criminal, defective, delinquent and dependent 



14 LIST OP GOVERNORS. 

classes were instituted, railroads were reaching every town 
of size, in the vicinity of New York and Philadelphia, fer- 
ries were erected, banks established, post offices opened 
and newspapers printed. In 1844, when social unrest was 
most marked, the present State Constitution was adopted 
by a large popular majority and needed reforms tending to 
elevate the legal position of married women, imprisoned 
debtors and bankrupts w^e adopted. 

The year 1860 brought a termination to the then impend- 
ing conflict. While every other State north of Mason and 
Dixon's line by 1850 had set the black man free, there were 
still 236 negroes in bondage in New Jersey. The abolition 
movement made slow progress and an anti-war party had 
a decided following. But when the die was cast New Jer- 
sey responded to the call for men and money. She fur- 
nished 88,305 men, or within 10,501 of her entire militia. For 
organizing, subsisting, supplying, supporting and trans- 
porting her troops she paid $2,894,385, and upon the field 
sustained the reputation for bravery she had won during 
the days of Trenton and Monmouth. 

Since the Civil War New Jersey has become the centre 
of marvelous activity in nearly every line of human pro- 
gress. Her mills clothe multitudes; within her borders are 
found the termini of every railroad system of the United 
States, with one exception, penetrating the South and 
West; her market gardens feed 5,000,000 people; a series of 
cities arisen upon the desolate sands of the sea shore fur- 
nish health and pleasure to hundreds of thousands of vis- 
itors; her mines supply iron, zinc and copper; her fisheries 
are world-famous, and her farms and dairies are models. 



CHRONOLOGICAL LISTOF GOVERNORS OF NEW JERSEY. 

GOVERNORS OF EAST JERSEY. 

Philip Carteret 1665 to 1681 

Robert Barclay 1682 to 1683 

Thomas Rudyard, Deputy Governor 1683 

Gawen Laurie 1683 

Lord Nlel Campbell 1685 

Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse 1698 to 1699 

GOVERNORS OF WEST JERSEY. 

Samuel Jennings, Deputy 1681 

Thomas Oliver, Governor 1684 to 1685 

John Skein, Deputy 1685 to 1687 

William Welsh, Deputy 1686 

Daniel Coxe, Governor 1687 

Andrew Hamilton 1602 to 1697 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 15 

Jeremiah Basse, Deputy 1697 to 1699 

Andrew Hamilton, Governor, 1699 till surrender to 

the Crown 1702 

EAST AND WEST JERSEY UNITED. 

Edward, Lord CJombury, Governor 1703 to 1708 

John, Lord Lovelace (died in office) 1708 

Richard Ingoldsby, Lieutenant-Governor 1709i to 1710 

General Robert Hunter 1710 to 1719 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1719 to 1720 

William Burnet 1720 to 1727 

John Momtgomerie 1728 to 1731 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1731 to 1732 

William Cosby 1732 to 1736 

John Anderson (President of Council) 1736 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1736 to 173s 

(The foregoing were also Governors of New York at the samt 
time. ) 

SEPARATE FROM NEW YORK. 

Lewis Morris 1738 to 1748 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1746 to 1747 

John Reading ( President of Council ) 1747 

Jonathan Belcher 1747 to 1757 

Thomas Pownall, Lieutenant-Governor 1757 

John Reading (President of Council) 1757 to 1758 

Francis Bernard 1758 to 1760 

Thomas Boone 1760 to 1761 

Josiah Hardy 1761 to 1763 

William Franklin 1763 to 1776 

FROM THE ADOPTION OF THE STATE CONSTITUTION. 

William Livingston (Federalist) 1776 to 1790 

William Paterson (Federalist) 1790 to 1792 

Richard Howell (Federalist) 1792 to 1801 

Joseph Bloomfleld (Democrat) 1801 to 1802 

John Lambert, President of Council and Acting Grov- 

ernor (Democrat) . ^ ,. .^. w 1802 to. 1803 

Joseph Bloomfleld (Democrat) 1803 to 1812 

Aaron Ogden (Foderlaist) 1813 to 1813 

William S. Pennington (Democrat) 1813 to 1815 

Mahlon Dickerson (Democrat) 1815 to 1817 

Isaac H. Williamson (Federalist) 1817 to 1829 

Garret D. Wall (Democrat) 1829 decl'd 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1829 to 1832 

Samuel L. Southard (Whig) 1832 to 1833 

Elias P. Seeley (Whig) 1833 to 1833 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1833 to 1836 

Philemon Dickerson (Democrat) 1836 to 1837 

William Pennington (Whig) 1837 to 1843 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1843 to 1844 

Charles C. Stratton (Whig) I&i5 to 1848 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) ) 1848 to 1851 

George F. Fort (Democrat) 1851 to 1854 

Rodman M. Price (Democrat) 1854 to 185T 

William A. Newell (Republican) 1857 to 1860 

Charles S. Olden (Republican) I860 to 1863 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1863 to 1866 

Marcus L. Ward (Republican) 1866 to 1869 

Theodore P. Randolph (Democrat) 1869 to 1872 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1872 to 1875 



16 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

Joseph D. Bedle (Democrat) 1875 to 1878 

George B. McClellan (Democrat) 1878 to 1881 

George C. Ludlow (Democrat) 1881 to 188* 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1884 to 188t 

Robert S. Green (Democrat) 1887 to 1800 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1890 to 1893 

George T. Werts (Democrat) 1893 to 1896 

John W. Griggs (Republican) 1896 to 1898 

Foster M. Voorhees (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Feb. 1, '98, to Oct. 18, '98 

David 0. Watkins (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Oct. 18, '98, to Jan. 16, '9^ 

♦Foster M. Voorhees (Republican) 1899 to 1902 

tFranklin Murphy (Republican) 1902 to 1905 

Edward C. Stokes (Republican) 1905 to 1908 

+John Franklin Fort (Republican) 1908 to 1911 

§Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) 1911 to 1913 

James F. Fielder (Democrat), Acting Governor 

March 1, '13, to Oct. 28, 1913 

Leon R. Taylor (Democrat), Acting Governor 

Oct. 28 to Jan. 20, 1914 
James F. Fielder (Democrat) 1914 to 

♦President of the Senate William M. Johnson served as Acting 
Governor from May 21 to June 19, 1900, when Governor Voorhees 
was absent from the State. 

t President of the Senate Edmund W. Wakelee served as Acting 
Governor from April 25 until June 5, 1904, while (Jovernor Murphy 
was in Europe; and also from June 15 until June 27, 1904, while 
the Governor was out of the State. 

t President of the Senate Joseph S. Frelinghuysen served aa 
Acting Governor from August 24 to September 4, 1909, and also 
at other periods while Governor Fort was out of the State. 

§ -President of the Senate Ernest R. Ackerman served as Acting 
Governor from May 4 until June 4, 1911, and at other periods 
while Governor Wilson was out of the State. 

§ President of the Senate John Dyneley Prince served as Acting 
Governor at various times in 1912 while Governor Wilson was out 
of the State. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS./ .• -£; 17 

UNITED STATES SENATORS: ^^^fo^^^'^i 

^* V Of 

^^"'"^^ 

The following Is a list of the United States Senators for New 
Jersey from 1789 to date: 

Jonathan Elmer. March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1791. . 

William Paterson, March 4, 1789, to November 23, 1790. 

Philemon Dickinson, November 23, 1790, to March 3, 1793, 

John Rutherford, March 4, 1791, to December 5. 1798. 

Fredericli Freliughuysen, March 4, 1793, to November 12, 1796. 

Richard Stockton, November 12, 1796, to March 3, 1799. 

Franklin Davenport, December 5, 1798, to February 14, 1799. 

James Schureman, February 14, 1799, to February 20, 1801. 

Jonathan Dayton, March 4, 1790, to March 3, 1805. 

Aaron Ogden, February 26, 1801, to March 3, 1803. 

John Condit, September 1, 1803, to March 3, 1809. 

Aaron Kitchell, March 4, 1805, to March 21, 1809. 

John Lambert, March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1815. 

John Condit, March 21, 1809, to March 3, 1817. 

James Jefferson Wilson, March 4, 1815, to January 26, 1821. 

Mahlon Dickcrson, March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1829. 

Samuel L. Southard, January 26, 1821, to November 12, 1823. 

Joseph Mcllvaiue, November 12, 1823, to August 16, 1826. 

Ephraim Bateman, November 10, 1826, to January 30, 1829. 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1835. 

Mahlon Dickerson, January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833. 

Samuel L. Southard, March 4, 1833, to June 26, 1842. 

Garret D. Wall, March 4, 1835, to March 3, 1841. 

Jacob W. Miller, March 4, 1841, to March 3, 1853. 

William L. Dayton, July 2, 1842, to March 3, 1851. 

Jacob W. Miller, January 4, 1841, to March 3, 1853. 

Robert F. Stockton, March 4, 1851, to February 11, 1853. 

William Wright, March 4, 1853, to March 3, 1859. 

John R. Thomson (died), February 11, 1853, to December, 1862. 

Richard S. Field (vacancy), December 12, 1862, to January la, 

1863. 
John C. Ten Eyck, from March 17, 1859, to March 3, 1865. 
James W. Wall (vacancy), January 14, 1863, to March 3, 1863. 
William Wright, March 4. 18a3, to Novembear, 1866. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, November, 1860, to March 3, 1869. 
John P. Stockton, March 4, 1865, to March 27, 1866. 
Alexander G. Cattell, March 27, 1866, to March 3, 1871. 
John P. Stockton, March 4, 18C9, to March 3, 1875. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1871, to March 3. 1877. 
T. F. Randolph, March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881. 
John R. McPherson. March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1895. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1887. 
Rufus Blodgett, March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1893. 
James Smith, Jr., March 4, 1893, to March 3. 1899. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1895, to December 26, 1901. 
John Kean, March 4, 1899, to March 3. 1911. 
John F. Dryden, February 4, 1902, to March 3, 1907. 
Frank 0. Briggs, March 4, 19U7, to March 3, l'.»i;j. 

James E. Martine. March 4. 1911, to . 

William Hughes, March 4, 1913, to . 

2 



18 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 



When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which 
have connected them with another, and to assume, among 
the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to 
which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, 
a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that 
they should declare the causes which impel them to the 
separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are 
created equal; that thej^ are endowed bj' their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, lib- 
erty and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these 
rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving 
their just powers from the consent of the governed; that 
whenever any form of government becomes destructive of 
these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish 
it, and to institute a new government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their 
safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that 
governments long established should not be changed for 
light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience 
hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, 
while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing in- 
variably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them 
under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, 
to throw off such government, and to provide new guards 
for their future security. Such has been the patient suffer- 
ance of these colonies, and f uch is now the necessity which 
constrains them to alter their former systems of govern- 
ment. The history of the present king of Great Britain is 
a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, 
in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny 
over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to 
a candid world: 

He has refused his assent to la^vs the most wholesome 
and necessary for the public good. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 19 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of imme- 
diate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their 
operations till his assent should be obtained; and when so 
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would re- 
linquish the right of representation in the Legislature— a 
right Inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places un- 
usual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of 
their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them 
into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for 
opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights 
of the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative 
powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the 
people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in 
the meantime, exposed to all the dangers of invasions from 
without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for the nat- 
uralization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to en- 
courage their migration hither, and raising the conditions 
of new appropriations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of 
their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our Legislatures. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, 
and superior to, the civil pov/er. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitutions, and unacknowledged by 
our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended leg- 
islation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us; 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, 
for any murders which they should commit on the inhab. 
itants of these States; 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world; 



20 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent; 

For depriving- us, in many cases, of the benefit of trial by 
jury; 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses; 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a 
neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary 
government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render 
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing 
the same absolute rule into these colonies; 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments; 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring 
themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all 
cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned 
our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny, already begun, with circumstances pf cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

'He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrection among us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and con- 
ditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A 
prince whose character is thus marked by every act which 
may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been v,^anting in our attentions to our Brit- 
ish brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of 
attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the cir- 
cumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We 
have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, 
and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common 
kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inev- 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



21 



Itably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, 
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consan- 
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, 
which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we 
hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace, friends. 
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States 
of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to 
the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our 
intentions, do. in the name and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and de- 
clare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought 
to be. Free and Independent States; that they are also ab- 
solved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that 
all political connection between them and the State of 
Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and 
that, as Free and Independent States, they have full power 
to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish 
commerce, and do all other acts and things which Inde- 
pendent States may of right do. And, for the support of 
this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of 
Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our 
lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



Georgia- 
Button Gwinnett. 
Lyman Hall. 
Geo. Walton. 

iSouth Carolina- 
Edward Rutledge. 
Thos. Hayward, Jr. 
Thomas Lynch, Jr. 
Arthur Middleton. 

■^^rginia— 

George Wythe. 
Richard Henry Lee. 
Thos. Jefferson. 
Benjan. Harrison. 
Thos. Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee, 
Carter Braxton. 

Delaware — 

Caesar Rodney. 
Geo. Read. 

New Jersey— 

Richd. Stockton. 
Jno. Witherspoon. 
Eras. Hopkinson. 
John Hart. 
Abra. Clark. 



Maryland- 
Samuel Chase. 
Wm. Paca. 
Thos. Stone. 
Charles Carroll, 

of Carrollton. 

Pennsylvania— 
Robt, Morris. 
Benjamin Rush. 
Benja. Franklin. 
John Morton. 
Thomas McKean, 
Geo. Clymer. 
Jas. Smith. 
Geo. Taylor. 
James Wilson. 
Geo. Ross. 

New York— 
Wm. Floyd. 
Phil. Livingston. 
Fran's Lewis. 
Lewis Morris. 

New Hampshire— 
Josiah Bartlett. 
Wm. Whipple. 
Matthew Thornton. 



22 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



IVJassachusetts Bay— 
Saml. Adams. 
John Adams. 
Robt. Treat Paine. 
Elbridge Gerry. 

North Carolina— 
Wm. Hooper. 
Joseph Hewes. 
John Penn. 



Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence, &c.— 
Step. Hopkins. 
AVilliam Ellery. 

Connecticut — 

Roger Sherman. 
Saml. Huntington. 
Wm. Williams. 
Oliver Wolcott. 



Ordered: IN CONGRESS, January 18, 1777. 

That an authenticated copy of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendency, with the names of the Members of Congress 
subscribing the same, be sent to each of the United States, 
and that they be desired to have the same put on record. 

By order of Congress. JOHN HANCOCK, 

Attest, Chas. Thomson, A true copy. President, 

Secy. John Hancock, 

Presidt. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA* 



We, the people of the United States, in order to form a 
more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tran- 
quillity, provide for the common defense, promote the gen- 
eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to our- 
selves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Con- 
stitution of the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 

LEGISLATIVE POWERS. 
Section I. 
All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a 
Congress of the United States, which shall consist ot a 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 
Section II. 

1. The house of representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several States; and the electors in each State shall have 
the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislature. 

MEMBERS' QUALIFICATIONS. 

2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he 
shall be chosen. 

RULE OF APPORTIONING REPRESENTATIVES 
AND DIRECT TAXES. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several States which may be included within 



♦This Constitution went into operation on the first Wed- 
nesday in March, 1789. 



24 CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 

this Union, according to their respective numbers, which 
shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free 
persons, including those bound to service for a term of 
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all 
other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress 
of the .United States, and within every subsequent term 
of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. 
The number of representatives shall not exceed one for 
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least 
one representative; and until such enumeration shall be 
made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, 
six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, 
one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; 
South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. 

FILLING OF VACANCIES. 

4. "VSTien vacancies happen in the representation of any 
State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

OFFICERS— IMPEACHMENT. 

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers, and shall have the sole power of im-' 
peachment. 

SENATE— HOW COMPOSED. 

Section IIL 

1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of 

two senators from each State, chosen by the legislatur* 

thereof, for six years, and each senator shall have one 

vote. 

ROTATION OF SENATORS. 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the 
fourth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year. And if vacancies happen by resignation, or 
otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any 
State, the executive thereof may make temporary appoint- 
ments until the next meeting of the legislature, which 
shall then fill such vacancies. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 25 

THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a 
citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when 
elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall 
be chosen. 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be presi- 
dent of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be 
equally divided. 

SENATE OFFICERS. 

5. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vic^-Presi- 
dent, or when he shall exercise the office of President of 
the United States. 

THE SENATE'S POWERS. 

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im- 
peachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be 
on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United 
States is tried, the chief justice shall preside. And no 
person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under 
the United States; but the party convicted shall, never- 
theless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judg- 
ment and punishment according to law. 



MEMBERS OF CONGRESS— HOW ELECTED. 
Section IV. 

1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for 
senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each 
State, by the legislature thereof; but the congress may, at 
any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing senators. 

WHEN CONGRESS SHALL MEET. 

2. Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 



26 CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF EACH HOUSE. 
Section V. 

1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in 
such manner and under such penalties as each house may 
provide. 

RULES, &C. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

JOURNALS. 

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of each house, on any question, 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

4. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

COMPENSATION, PRIVILEGES AND INCAPACITIES. 
Section VI. 

1. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be a.scertained by law, and 
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, 
in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to 
and returning from the same; and for any speech or de- 
bate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

APPOINTMENT TO OFFICE. 

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased, during such time; and no person holding any office 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 27 

under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

REVENUE BILLS. 

Section VII. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house 
of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

PASSING BILLS, &C. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the house of repre- 
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, 
be presented to the President of the United States; if he 
approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origi- 
nated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour- 
nal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsid- 
eration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall be- 
come a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses 
shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of 
the persons voting for and against the bill shall be en- 
tered on the journal of each house respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had 
signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, pre- 
vent its return, in which case it shall not be a law, 

ORDERS AND RESOLUTIONS. 

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concur- 
rence of the senate and house of representatives may be 
necessary (except on the question of adjournment), shall 
be presented to the President of the United States, and 
before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by 
him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, ac- 
cording to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section VIIL 
The congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, Imposts and excises, 
to pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and 



28 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, im- 
posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United 
States. 

2. To borrow money on the credit of United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and 
uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 
the United States; 

5. To coin money, regul8,te the value thereof, and of for- 
eign coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the 
securities and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish post offices and post roads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed 
on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, 
and make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of 
the land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the 
laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel in- 
vasions; 

16. To provide for organizinz, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be 
employed in the service of the United States, reserving to 
the States, respectively, the appointment of the officers, 
and the authority of training the militia according to the 
discipline prescribed by congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatso- 
ever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square), 
as may, by cession of particular States, and the accept- 
ance of congress, become the seat of government of the 
United States; and to exercise like authority over all places 
purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, maga- 
zines, arsenals, dock-yards and other needful buildings; 
and— 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 29 

for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the govern- 
ment of the Unjted States, or in any department or officer 
thereof. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section IX. 

1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States nbw existing shall think proper to admit, 
shall not be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year 
one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty 
may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten 
dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, 
the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law shall be 
passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless 
in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore 
directed to be taken. 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from 
any State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over 
those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one 
State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in 
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time, t 

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 
States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust 
under them, shall, without the consent of the congress, 
accept of any present, emolument, office or title of any kind 
whatever, from any king, prince or foreign State. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF INDI- 
VIDUAL STATES. 

Section X. 

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or con- 
federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the congress. 



30 CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 

lay any imposts or duties on Imports or exports, except 
what may be absolutely necessary for executing its in- 
spection laws; and the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for 
the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such 
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of congress, lay 
any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, 
unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will 
not admit delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER. 
Section I. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of 
the United States of America. He shall hold his office dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

HOW ELECTED. 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legis- 
lature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to 
the whole number of senators and representatives to which 
the State may be entitled in congress; but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGES. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and 
vote by ballot, for two persons, of whom one, at least, shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. 
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and 
of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign 
and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the president of 
the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all 
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The 
person having the greatest number of votes shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole num- 
ber of electors appointed; and if there be more than one 
who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the house of representatives shall immediately 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 81 

choose by ballot, one of them for President; and if no per- 
son have a majority, then from the five highest on the 
list, the said house shall in like manner choose the Presi- 
dent. But in choosing- the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a ma- 
jority of the States shall be necessary to a choice. In 
every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall 
be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from 
them, by ballot, the Vice-President. [See Xllth- amend- 
ment.] 

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes, 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

WHO MAT BE ELECTED PRESIDENT. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of 
the United States at the time of the adoption of this con- 
stitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither 
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not 
have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been 
fourteen years a resident within the United States. [See 
Xllth amendment.! 

ON THE DEATH, REMOVAL, &C., OF THE PRESI- 
DENT, THE POWERS AND DUTIES DE- 
VOLVE UPON THE VICE- 
PRESIDENT. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or 
of his death, resignation or inability to discharge the pow- 
ers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on 
the Vice-President; and the congress may, by law, provide 
for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, 
both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what 
officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
President shall be elected. 

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall neither be increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected; and he shall not receive, within that period. 



32 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

any other emolument from the United States or any of 
them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

THE OATH. 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend 
the constitution of the United States." 

POWERS, &C., OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section II. 

1. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army 
and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing-, of 
the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and 
pardons for offenses against the United States, except in 
cases of impeachment. 

TREATIES, AMBASSADORS, &C. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds 
of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and 
by and with the advice and consent of the senate shall 
appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, 
judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the 
United States whose appointments are not herein other- 
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. 
But the congress may, by law, vest the appointment of 
such inferior officers as they think proper in the President 
alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of department. 

APPOINTING POWER. 

3. Tiie President shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions, which shall expire at the end of their 
next session. 

DUTIES OP THE PRESIDENT; 
Section III. 
He shall, from time to time, give to the congress infor- 
mation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 33 

consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary 
and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, con- 
vene both houses, or either of them; and in case of disa- 
greement between +»hem with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the 
United States. 

IMPEACHMENT, &C. 
Section IV. 

The President, Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or other high 
crimes and misdemeanors. 



ARTICLE Hi. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

Section I. 

The judicial power of the United States shall be vested 
in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the 
congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The 
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold 
their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their service a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

EXTENT OF THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

(See Amendments, Art. XI.) 

Section II. 

1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and 
equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the 
United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
or other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more States; between a State and citizens 
of another St^te; between citizens of different States; be- 
tween citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens or subjects. 



34 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ORIGINAL AND APPELLATE JURISDICTION OP 
THE SUPREME COURT. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, and those in which a State shall be 
party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. 
In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court 
shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, 
with such exceptions and under such regulations as the 
congress shall make. 

TRIALS FOR CRIMES. 

3. The trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeach- 
ment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the 
State where the said crime shall have been committed; but 
when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at 
such place or places as the congress may by law have 
directed. 

TREASON— WHAT AND HOW PUNISHED. 

Section III. 

1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in 
levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

2. The congress shall have power to declare the punish- 
ment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work 
corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of 
the person attainted. 

ARTICLE IV. 

ACTS, RECORDS, &C., OF EACH STATE. 

Section I. 

Full faith and credit shall be given, in each State, to the 
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the congress may, by general laws, prescribe 
the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings 
shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

PRIVILEGES OF CITIZENS. 

Section II. 

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privi- 
leges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. ^ 

FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority 
of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be 
removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. 

SERVANTS, &C., TO BE SURRENDERED ON CLAIM. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under 
the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conse- 
quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged 
from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on 
claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be 
due. 

HOW NEW STATES ARE ADMITTED. 
Section III. 

1. New States may be admitted by the congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within 
the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States, without the consent of the legislatures of the 
States concerned, as well as of the congress. 

THE DISPOSITION OF TERRITORIES. 

2. The congress shall have power to dispose of, and make 
all needful rules and regulations respecting, the territory 
or other property belonging to the United States; and 
nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to 
prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par- 
ticular State. 

GUARANTY AND PROTECTION OF THE STATES 
BY THE UNION. 

Section IV. 

The United States shall guarantee to every State in^thig 
Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature or of the executive (when the legislature can- 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 



36 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE V. 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION- 
HOW MADE. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution; or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for 
proposing amendments, which in either case shall be valid, 
to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, 
when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, 
as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the congress; provided, that no amendment which 
may be made prior to the year eighteen' hundred and eight 
shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in 
the ninth section of the first article, and that no State, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

FORMER DEBTS VALID. 
Section I. 
All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be- 
fore the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valia 
against the United States under this constitution as under 
the confederation. 

THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND. 
Section 11. 
This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH NO RELIGIOUS TEST. 
Section III. 
The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State legislatures, and all ex- 
ecutive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several States, shall be bound by oath or aflarmation 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



37 



be required as a qualification to any office of public trust 
under the United States. 

ARTICLE VII. 



WHEN THE CONSTITUTION TO TAKE EFFECT. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution be- 
tween the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in the convention, by the unanimous consent of the 
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
seven, and of the independence of the United States of 
America the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



New Hampshire- 
John Langdon, 
Nicholas Oilman. 

Massachusetts — 

Nathaniel Gorman, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut- 
William Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman. 

New York- 
Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey- 
William Livingston, 
David Brearle, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Dayton. 

Pennsylvania — 

Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas Mifflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer. 
Thomas Fitzsimons, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morris. 



Attest: 

William Jackson, 

Secretary. 



Delaware— 
. George Reed, 
Gunning Bedford, Jun., 
John Dickinson, 
Richard Bassett, 
Jacob Broom. 

Maryland— 

Dan'l of St. Thos. Jeni- 
fer, 
James McHenry, 
Daniel Carroll. 

Virginia- 
John Blair, 
James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina- 
William Blunt, 
Rich'd Dobbs Spaight, 
Hugh Williamson. 

South Carolina- 
John Rutledge, 
Chas. CoatesworthPinck- 

ney, 
Charles Pinckney, 
Pierce Butler. 

Georgia- 
William Few, 
Abraham Baldwin. 



88 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



AMENDMENTS 



TO THE CONSTITUTION of the United States, Ratified 
According to the Provisions of the Fifth Article of the 
Foregoing Constitution. 



The following articles proposed by congress, in addition 
to and amendments of the constitution of the United 
States, having been ratified by the legislatures of three- 
fourths of the States, are become a part of the consti- 
tution. 

First Congress, First Session, March 5th, 1789. 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHT OF CONSCIENCE, FREEDOM OF THE 
PRESS, &C. 

Congress shall -make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or thf- 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petitioi 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

OF THE MILITIA. 
A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

OF QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 
No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any 
house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OF UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 39 

and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or afRr- 
mation, and particularly describing- the place to be 
searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

OF CRIMES AND INDICTMENTS. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land 
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service 
in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be 
subject, for the same offense, to be twice put in jeopardy 
of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be witness against himself; nor to be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor 
shall private property be taken for public use without just 
compensation. 

• ARTICLE VI. 

OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of 
the State and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining 
witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- 
sel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

OF TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be other- 
wise re-examined in any court of the United States, than 
according to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

OF BAILS, FINES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 



40 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE IX. 

RESERVED RIGHTS. 

The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others, retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

POWERS NOT DELEGATED RESERVED. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved 
to the States respectively, or to the people. 

Third Congress, Second Session, December 2d, 1783. 

ARTICLE XI. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER— SEE ART. 3, SEC. 2. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States, by citizens 
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
State. 

Eighth Congress, First Session, October 17th, 1803. 

ARTICLE XII. 

HOW THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 
ARE ELECTED. 
The electors shall meet in their respective States,* and 
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
State with themselves; they shall name, in their ballots, 
the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots 
the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, 
and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and 
certify, and transmit sealed.t to the seat of the government 
of the United States, directed to the president of the sen- 



*0n the second Monday In January next following their 
appointment. 
tAfter the second Monday in January, 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 41 

ate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of 
the senate and house of representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates,* and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having- the greatest number of votes for President shall 
be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed. And if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having the highest num- 
bers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as 
President, the house of representatives shall choose imme- 
diately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the Presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this pur- 
pose shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall 
be necessary to a choice; and if the house of representa- 
tives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of a 
choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of 
March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the President. The person having the 
greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the 
Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall -be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineli- 
gible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of 
Vice-President of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED— 13TH AMENDMENT, 

PASSED 1865. 

Section I. 

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a 

punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been 

duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 

place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Section 11. 
Cong-ress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 



*0n the 2d Wednesday in February, by the same act. 



42 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

CITIZENS AND THEIR RIGHTS— 14TH AMENDMENT, 

Section I. 

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No 
State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, 
liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. 

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective number, counting the 
whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed; but whenever the right to vote at any election 
for electors of President and Vice-President, or for United 
States representatives in congress, executive and judicial 
offlcers, or the members of the legislature thereof, is de- 
nied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, 
or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebel- 
lion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of 
such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 



DISABILITY OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE 
REBELLION. 

Section III. 

No person shall be a senator or representative in con- 
gress, elector of President and Vice President, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a 
member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any State to support the constitution 
of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or 
rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof: but congress may, by a vote of two-thirds 
of each house, remove such disability. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 4S 

VALIDITY OF PUBLIC DEBT NOT TO BE QUES- 
TIONED. 

Section IV. 

The validity of the public debt of the United States au- 
thorized by law, including debts incurred for the payment 
of pensions and bounties for service in suppressing insur- 
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned, but neither 
the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any 
debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel- 
lion against the United States, or claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations 
and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Section V. 

The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropri- 
ate legislation, the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE XV. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE NOT TO BE IMPAIRED. 

Section I. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State, on account of race, color or previous condition of 
servitude. 

Section II. 

The congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

[The fifteenth amendment passed at the Fortieth Con- 
gress.] 



44 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE XVI. 

POWER TO LAY AND COLLECT TAXES ON 
INCOMES. 

The congx'ess shall have power to lay and collect 
taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, with- 
out apportionment among- the States, and without 
regard to any census or enumeration. 

ARTICLE XVII. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS TO BE ELECTED BY 
THE PEOPLE. 

The senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two senators from each State, elected by the people 
thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have 
one vote. The electors in each State shall have the 
qualifications requisite for election of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State leg-islatures. 

Whenever vacancies happen in the representation of 
any State in the senate, the executive authority of 
such State shall issue writs of election to fill such 
vacancies, provided that the legislature of any State 
may empower the executive thereof to make temporary 
appointments until the people filL the vacancies by 
election as the legislature may direct. 

This amendment shall not be so construed as to 
affect the election or term of any senator chosen 
before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution. 



PRESIDENTS. 45 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. Term of Office. 

1789... George Washington Virginia 8 years. 

1797... John Adams Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1801.. .Thomas Jefferson Virginia 8 years. 

1803 .. . James Madison Virginia 8 years. 

1817... James Monroe Virginia 8 years. 

1824... John Quincy Adams. . .Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1829. . .Andrew Jackson Tennessee 8 years. 

1837... Martin Van Buren New York 4 years. 

1841... Wm. Henry Harrison*. Ohio 1 month. 

1841. ..John Tyler Virginia 3 yr., 11 mos. 

1845... James Knox Polk Tennessee 4 years. 

1849. . .Zachary Taylorf. :... .Louisiana ly., 4m.. 5d. 

1850.. .Millard Fillmore New York 2y., 7m., 26d. 

1853... Franklin Pierce N. Hampshire. .. 4 years. 

1857... James Buchanan Pennsylvania ...4 years. 

1861... Abraham LincolnJ Illinois 4y., Im., lOd. 

1866. ..Andrew Johnson Tennessee 3y., 10m., 20d. 

1869... Ulysses S. Grant Illinois 8 years. 

1877.. .Rutherford B. Hayes. .Ohio 4 years. 

1881. ..James A Garfield**. . .Ohio 6m., 15d. 

1881.. .Chester A. Arthur New York 3y., 5m., 15d. 

1885 . . . Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1889. . .Benjamin Harrison. ... Indiana 4 years. 

1893. . .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1897... William McKinleytt.. . Ohio 4y., 5m., lid. 

1901 .. . Theodore Roosevelt New York 7y., 6m., 20d. 

1909... William H. Taft Ohio 4 years. 

1913. . .Woodrow Wilson New Jersey 



*Dled In office April 4, 1841, when Vice-President Tyler 
succeeded him. 

tDled In office July 9, 1860, when Vice-President Fillmore 
succeeded him. 

tAs.sassinated April 14, 1865; died April 16, 1865, when 
Vice-President Johnson succeeded him. 

**Assassinated July 2, 1881; died September 19, 1881, when 
Vice-President Arthur succeeded him. 

tt Assassinated September 6, 1901; died September 14, 1901, 
when Vice-President Roosevelt succeeded him. 



46 VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. 

1789 John Adams Massachusetts. 

1797 Thomas Jefferson Virginia. 

1801 Aaron Burr New York. 

1804 George Clinton New York. 

1813 Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts. 

1817 Daniel D. Tompkins New York. 

1824 John C, Calhoun South Carolina. 

1833 Martin Van Buren New York. 

1837 Richard M. Johnson Kentucky. 

1841 John Tyler Virginia. 

1842 Samuel L.. Southard* New Jersey. 

1845 George M. Dallas Pennsylvania. 

1849 Millard Fillmore New York. 

1851 William R. King* Alabama. 

1853 David R. Atkinson* Missouri. 

1855 Jesse D. Bright* Indiana. 

1857 John C. Breckenridge Kentucky. 

1861 Hannibal Hamlin Maine. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee. 

1865 Lafayette C. Foster* Connecticut. 

1869 Schuyler Colfax Indiana. 

1873 Henry Wilsont Massachusetts. 

1875 Th.omas W. Ferry* Michigan. 

1877 William A. Wheeler New York, 

1881 Chester A. Arthur New York. 

1883 George F. Edmunds Vermont. 

1885 Thomas A. Hendricks$ Indiana. 

1886 John Sherman* Ohio. 

1889 Levi P. Morton New York. 

1893 Adlal E. Stevenson Illinois. 

1897 Garret A. Hobart** New Jersey. 

1899 William P. Frye*. Maine. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt New York. 

1901 William P. Frye* Maine. 

1905 Charles W. Fairbanks Indiana. 

1909 James S. Sherman** New York. 

1913 Thomas R. Marshall lAdiana. 



♦Served as President pro tem. of Senate. 
tDied in office November 22, 1875. 
JDied in office November 25, 1885. 
•*Died in office November 21, 1899. 
•*Died in office October 30, 1912. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 47 

STATE CONSTITUTION. 



A CONSTITL^TION agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of New Jersey, in convention begun at Trenton 
on the fourteenth day of May, and continued to the 
twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and forty-four, ratified by the 
people at an election held on the thirteenth day of 
August, A. D. 1844, and amended at a special election 
held on the seventh day of September, A. D. 1875, and 
at another special election held on the twenty-eighth 
day of September, A. D. 1897, 

We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to 
Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He 
hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him 
for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit 
the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain 
and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES. 

1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have 
certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are 
those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing 
and obtaining safety and happiness. 

2. All political power is inherent \n the people. Govern- 
ment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter 
or reform the same, whenever the public good may re- 
quire it. 

3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privi- 
lege of v/orshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to 
the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense 
whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship 
contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person 
be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building 
or repairing any church or churches, place or places of 
worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or min- 
istry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has de- 
liberately and voluntarily engaged to perform. 



48 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect 
in preference to another; no religious test shall be required 
as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no 
person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right 
merely on account of his religious principles. 

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his 
sentime*its on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge 
the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions 
or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence 
to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the 
matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with 
good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac- 
quitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the 
law and the fact. 

6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the papers and things to be seized. 

7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but 
the legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, when 
the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a 
jury of six men. 

8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to 
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to 
be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, 
and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense. 

9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal of- 
fense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cogniz- 
able by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or 
navj'; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of 
war or public danger. 

10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same 
offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable 
by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when 
the proof is evident or presumption great. 

11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the 
public safety may require it. 

12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the 
civil power. 

13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 



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STATE CONSTITUTION, 49 

any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time 
of war, except in a manner prescribed by law. 

14. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying 
war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them 
aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession in open court. 

15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines 
shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments 
shall not be inflicted. 

16. Private property shall not be taken for public use 
without just compensation; but land may be taken for 
public highways as heretofore, until the legislature shall 
direct compensation to be made. 

17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, 
or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases 
of fraud; nor shall aiiy person be imprisoned for a militia 
fine in time of peace. 

18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, 
to consult for the common good, to make known their 
^opinions to their representatives, and to petition for re- 
dress of grievances. 

19. No county, city, borough, town, township or village 
shall hereafter give any money or property, or loan its 
money or credit, to or in aid of any individual association 
or corporation, or become security for or be directly or 
indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds of any associa- 
tion or corporation. 

20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall 
be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or 
for the use of any society, association or corporation what- 
ever. 

21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be 
construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 



ARTICLE II. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE. 

1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years, who Shall have been a resident of this 
State one year, and of the county in which he claims his 
vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled 
to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, 
elective by the people; provided, that no person in the 
military, naval or marine service of the United States 
shall be considered a resident in this State, by being sta- 



50 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

tioned i a any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place 
or Stat' on within this State; and no pauper, idiot, insane 
person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes 
him from being- a witness unless pardoned or restored by 
law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an 
elector; and provided further, that in time of war no 
elector in the actual military service of the State, or of 
the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be 
deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such 
election district; and the legislature shall have power to 
provide the manner in which, and the time and place at 
which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return 
and canvass of their votes in the election districts in 
which they respectively reside. 

2. The legislature may pass laws to deprive persons of the 
right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery. 

ARTICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. 

1. The powers of the government shall be. divided into 
three distinct departments— the legislative, executive and 
judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or consti- 
tuting one of these departments, shall exercise any of the 
powers properly belonging to either of the others, except 
as herein expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IV. 

LEGISLATIVE. 
Section I. 

1. The legislative power shall be VCSted In a senate and 
general assembly. 

2. No person shall be a member of the senate who shall 
not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been 
a citizen and inhabitant of the State for four years, and 
of the county for which he shall be chosen one year, next 
before his election; and no person shall be a member of 
the general assembly who shall not have attained the age 
of twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhab- 
itant of the State for two years, and of the county for 
which he shall be chosen one year next before his election; 
provided, that no person shall be eligible as a member of 
either house of the legislature, who shall not be entitled 
to the right of suffrage. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 51 

3. Members of the senate and general assembly shall bt 
elected yearly and every year, on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in November; and the two houses shall 
meet separately on the second Tuesday in January next 
after "the said day of election, at which time of meeting 
the legislative year shall commence; but the time of hold- 
ing such election may be altered by the legislature. 

Section II. 

1. The senate shall be composed of one senator from each 
county in the State, elected by the legal voters of the 
counties, respectively, for three years. 

2. As soon as the senate shall meet after the first election 
to be held in pursuance of this constitution, they shall be 
divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats 
of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the 
expiration of the first year; of the second class at the ex- 
piration of the second year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the third year, so that one class may be 
elected every year; and if vacancies happen, by resigna- 
tion or otherwise, the persons elected to supply such 
vacancies shall be elected for the unexpired terms only. 

Section III. 

1. The general assembly shall be composed of members 
annually elected by the legal voters of the counties, re- 
spectively, who shall be apportioned among the said coun- 
ties as nearly as may be according to the number of their 
inhabitants. The present apportionment shall continue 
until the next census of the United States shall have been 
taken, and an apportionment of members of the general 
assembly shall be made by the legislature at its first ses- 
sion after the next and every subsequent enumeration or 
census, and when made shall remain unaltered until an- 
other enumeration shall have been taken; provided, that 
each county shall at all times be entitled to one member; 
and the whole number of members shall never exceed 

sixty. 

Section IV. 

1. Each house shall direct writs of election for supplying 
vacancies, occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise; 
but if vacancies occur during the recess of the legislature, 
the writs may be issued by the governor, under such regu- 
lations as" may be prescribed by law. 

2. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 



52 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, 
In such manner, and under such penalties, as each house 
may provide. " • 

3. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine 
the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for dis- 
orderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
may expel a member. 

4. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceeding's, and 
from time to time publish the same; and the yeas and nays 
of the members of either house on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. 

5. Neither house, during- the session of the legislature, 
shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more 
than three days, nor to any other place than that in which 
the two houses shall be sitting. 

6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times 
in each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill 
or joint resolution shall pass unless there be a majority of 
all the members of each body personally present and agree- 
ing thereto; and the yeas and nays of the members voting 
on such final passage shall be entered on the journal. 

7. Members of the senate and general assembly shall re- 
ceive annually the sum of five hundred dollars during the 
time for which they shall have been elected and while they 
shall hold their office, and no other allowance or emolu- 
ment, directly or indirectly, for any purpose whatever. 
The president of the senate and the speaker of the house 
of assembly shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an ad- 
ditional compensation, equal to one-third of their allow 
ance as members. 

8. Members of the senate and general assembly shall, in 
all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sitting of their respective houses, and in going to and re- 
turning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in 
either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

Section V. 

1. No member of the senate or general assembly shall, 
during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or 
appointed by the governor, or by the legislature in joint 
meeting, to any civil office under the authority of this 
State which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall have been increased, during such time. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 53 

2. If any member of the senate or general assembly shall 
be elected to represent this State in the senate or house of 
representatives of the United States, and shall accept 
thereof, or shall accept of any office or appointment un- 
der the government of the United States, his seat in the 
legislature of this State shall thereby be vacated. 

3. No justice of the supreme court, nor judge of any other 
court, sheriff, justice of the peace nor any person or per- 
sons possessed of any office of profit under the government 
of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in the sen- 
ate or in the general assembly; but, on being elected and 
taking his seat his office shall be considered vacant; and 
no person holding any office of profit under the government 
of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either 
house. 

Section VI. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of assembly; but the senate m.ay propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but for 
appropriations made by law. 

3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or indi- 
rectly loaned in any case. 

4. The legislature shall not, in any manner, create any 
debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State which 
shall, singly or in the aggregate with any previous debts 
or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand 
dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, 
or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be au- 
thorized by a law for some single object or work, to be 
distinctly specified therein; which law shall provide the 
ways and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the interest of 
such debt or liability as it falls due, and also to pay and 
discharge the principal of such debt or liability within 
thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, 
and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and 
the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and 
no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general 
election, have been submitted to the people, and have re- 
ceived the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against it at such election; and all money to be raised 
by the authority of such law shall be applied only to the 
specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the 
debt thereby created. This section shall not be construed 
to refer to any money that has been, or may be, deposited 
with this State by the government of the United States. 



54 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

Section VII. 

1. No divorce shall be granted by the legislature. 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the legislature or 
otherwise in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bought or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling, 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalizejJ, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

3. The legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, 
ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of con- 
tracts, or depriving a party of any remedy for enforcing 
a contract which existed when the contract was made. 

4. To avoid improper influences which may result from 
intermixing in one and the same act such things as have 
no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace 
but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title. 
No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its 
title only; but the act revived, or the section or sections 
amended, shall be inserted at length. No general law 
shall embrace any provision of a private, special or local 
character. No act shall be passed which shall provide 
that any existing law, or any part thereof, shall be made 
or deemed a part of the act, or which shall enact that any 
existing law, or any part thereof, shall be applicable, ex- 
cept by inserting it in such act. 

5. The laws of this State shall begin in the following 
style: "Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey. " 

6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all 
money, stock and other property which may hereafter be 
appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treas- 
ury under the provision of any law heretofore passed to 
augment the said fund, shall be securely invested and re- 
main a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so 
much as it may be judged expedient to apply to an increase 
of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the sup- 
port of public free schools, for the equal benefit of all the 
people of the State; and it shall not be competent for the 
legislature to borrow, appropriate or use the said fund, 
or any part thereof, for any other purpose, under any 
pretense whatever. The legislature shall provide for the 
maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient sys- 
tem of free public schools for the instruction of all the 
children in this State between the ages of five and eigh- 
teen years. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 55 

7. No private or special law shall be passed authorizing 
the sale of any lands belonging- in whole or in part to a 
minor or minors, or other persons who may at the time be 
under any legal disability to act for themselves. 

8. Individuals or private corporations shall not be au- 
thorized to take private property for public use, without 
just compensation first made to the owners. 

9. No private, special or local bill shall be passed unless 
public notice of the intention to apply therefor, an*d of the 
general object thereof, shall have been previously given. 
The legislature, at the next session after the adoption 
hereof, and from time to time thereafter, shall prescribe 
the time and mode of giving such notice, the evidence 
thereof, and how such evidence shall be preserved. 

10. The legislature may vest in the circuit courts, or 
courts of common pleas within the several counties of this 
State, chancery powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure 
of mortgages and sale of mortgaged premises. 

11. The legislature shall not pass private, local or special 
laws in any of the following enumerated cases; that is to 
say: 

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high- 
ways. 

Vacating any road, town p^ot, street, alley or public 
grounds. 

Regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties; 
appointing local offices or commissions to regulate munici- 
pal affairs. 

Selecting, drawing, summoning or empaneling grand or 
petit jurors. 

Creating, increasing or decreasing the percentage or al- 
lowance of public officers during the term for which said 
officers were elected or appointed. • 

Changing the law of descent. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
any exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual the 
right to lay down railroad tracks. 

Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal cases. 

Providing for the management and support of free public 
schools. 

The legislature shall pass general laws providing for the 
cases enumerated in this paragraph, and for all other cases 
which, in its judgment, may be provided for by general 
laws. The legislature shall pass no special act conferring 
corporate powers, but they shall pass general laws under 
which corporations may be organized and corporate powers 



56 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

of every nature obtained, subject, nevertheless, to repea\ 
or alteration at the will of the legislature. 

12. Property shall be assessed for taxes under general 
laws, and by uniform rules, according to its true value. 

Section VIII. 

1. Members of the legislature shall, before they enter on 
the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear [or affirm, as the case may be,] 
that I will support the constitution of the United States 
and the constitution of the State of New Jersey, and that 
I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator [or mem- 
ber of the general assembly, as the case may be,] accord- 
ing to the best of my ability." 

And members-elect of the senate or general assembly 
are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said 
oath or affirmation. 

2. Every officer of the legislature shall, before he enters 
upon his duties, take and subscribe the following oath or 
affirmation: "I do solemnly promise and swear [or af- 
firm] that I will faithfully, impartially and justly perform 

all the duties of the office of , to the best of my 

ability and understanding; that I will carefully preserve 
all records, papers, writings or property intrusted to me 
for safe-keeping by virtue of my office, and make such 
disposition of the same as may be required by law." 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a governor. 

2. The governor shall be elected by the legal voters of 
this State. The person having the highest number of votes 
shall be the governor; but if two or more shall be equal 
and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen gov- 
ernor by the vote of a majority of the members of both 
houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office 
of governor shall be determined in such manner as the 
legislature shall direct by law. When a governor is to be 
elected by the people, such election shall be held at the 
time when and at the places where the people shall re- 
spectively vote for members of the legislature. 

3. The governor shall hold his office for three years, to 
commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing 
the election for governor by the people, and to end on the 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 57 

Monday preceding the third Tuesday of January, three 
years thereafter; and he shall be incapable of holding 
that office for three years next after his term of service 
shall have expired; and no appointment or nomination to 
office shall be made by the governor during the last week 
of his said term. 

4. The governor shall be not less than thirty years of 
age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citi- 
zen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven 
years next before his election, unless he shall have been 
absent during that time on the public business of the 
United States or of this State. 

5. The governor shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation "which shall be neither increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected. 

6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; he shall have power to con- 
vene the legislature, or the senate alone, whenever in his 
opinion public necessity requires it; he shall communicate 
by message to the legislature at the opening of each ses- 
sion, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, 
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures 
as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws 
be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal of 
the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be re- 
quired to be commissioned. 

7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall 
be presented to the governor; if he approve he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the 
house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter 
the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to re- 
consider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of 
the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved of by a majority of the whole number of 
that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house 
shall the vote be taken on the same day on which the bill 
shall be returned to it; and in all such cases, the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and 
the names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the governor, within 
five days (Sunday excepted) after it shall have been pre- 
sented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as 
if he had signed it, unless the legislature by their adjourn- 



.^8 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

ment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. If any bill presented to the governor contain sev- 
eral items of appropriations of money, he may object to 
one or more of such items while approving of the other 
portions of the bill. In such case he shall append to the 
bill, at the time of signing it, a statement of the items to 
which he objects, and the appropriation so objected to 
shall not take effect. If the legislature be in session he 
shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated, 
a copy of such statement, and the items objected to shall 
be separately reconsidered. If, on reconsideration, one 
or more of such items be approved by a majority of the 
members elected to each house, the same shall be a part 
of the law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. 
All the provisions of this section in relation to bills not 
approved by the governor shall apply to cases in which 
he shall withhold his approval from any item or items 
contained in a bill appropriating money. 

8. No member of congress, or person holding an office 
under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the 
office of governor; and in case the governor, or person 
administering the government shall accept any office un- 
der the United States or this State, his office of governor 
shall thereupon be vacant. Nor shall he be elected by the 
legislature to any office under the government of this State 
or of the United States, during the term for which he shall 
jiave been elected governor. 

9. The governor, or person administering the government, 
^hall have power to suspend the collection of fines and for- 
feitures, and to grant reprieves, to extend until the expira- 
tion of a time not exceeding ninety days after conviction; 
out this power shall not extend to cases of impeachment. 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, the chancellor, and the six judges of the court of 
errors and appeals, or a major part of them, of whom the 
governor, or person administering the government, shall 
be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, 
after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 

11. The governor and all other civil officers under this 
State shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in 
office during their continuance in office, and for two years 
thereafter. 

12. In case of the death, resignation or removal from of- 
fice of the governor, the powers, duties and emoluments 
of the office shall devolve upon the president of the sen- 
ate, and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then 
upon the speaker of the house of assembly, for the time 



STATE CONSTITtTTION. 59 

being, until another governor shall be elected and quali- 
fied; but in such case another governor shall be chosen at 
the next election for members of the legislature, unless 
such death, resignation or removal shall occur within 
thirty days immediately preceding such next election, in 
which case a governor shall be chosen at the second suc- 
ceeding election for members of the legislature. When a 
vacancy happens, during the recess of the legislature, in 
any office which is to be filled by the governor and senate, 
or by the legislature in joint meeting, the governor shall 
fill such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the 
end of the next session of the legislature, unless a suc- 
cessor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy hap- 
pens in the office of clerk or surrogate of any county, the 
governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission 
shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified. No 
person who shall have been nominated to the senate by 
the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

^ 13. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his ab- 
sence from the State or inability to discharge the duties 
of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the 
office shall devolve upon the president of the senate; and 
in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the 
speaker of the house of assembly for the time being, until 
the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be ac- 
quitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, 
or until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor from 
any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case 
of the death of the governor-elect before he is qualified into 
office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the president of the senate or speaker of the 
house of assembly, as above provided for, until a new gov- 
ernor be elected and qualified. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

Section I. 

1. The judicial power shall be vested in a court of errors 
and appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; 
a court for the trial of impeachments; a court of chancery; 



60 STATE" CONSTITUTION. 

a prerogative court; a supreme court; circuit courts, and 
such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be here- 
after ordained and established by law; which inferior 
courts the legislature may alter or abolish, as the public 
good shall require. 

Section II. 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of the 
chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six 
judges, or a major part of them; v/hich judges are to be 
appointed for six years. 

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the 
six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that 
the iseat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in 
order that thereafter one judge may be annually ap- 
pointed. 

3. Such of the six judges as shall attend the court shall 
receive, respectively, a per diem compensation, to be pro- 
vided by law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

5. When an appeal from an order or decree shall be 
heard, the chancellor shall inform the court, in writing, 
of the reasons for his order or decree; but he shall not sit 
as a member, or have a voice in the hearing or final sen- 
tence. 

6. When a writ of error shall be brought, no justice who 
has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or 
against any error complained of, shall sit as a member, or 
have a voice on the hearing, or for its affirmance or re- 
versal; but the reasons for such opinion shall be assigned 
to the court in writing. 

Section III. 

1. The house of assembly shall have the sole power of 
impeaching, by a vote of a majority of all the members; 
and all impeachments shall be tried by the senate; the 
members, when sitting for that purpose, to be on oath or 
affirmation "truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question according to evidence;" and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of all the members of the senate. 

2. Any judicial officer impeached shall be suspended from 
exercising his office until his acquittal. 

3. Judgment m cases of impeachment shall not extend 
farther than to removal from office, and to disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit or trust under 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 61 

this State; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be 

liable to indictment, trial and punishment according- to law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

Section IV. 

, 1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor. 

2. The chancellor shall be the ordinary or surrogate gen- 
eral, and judge of the prerogative court. 

3. All persons aggrieved by any order, sentence or decree 
of the orphans' court, may appeal from the same, or from 
any part thereof to the prerogative court; but such order, 
sentence or decree shall not be removed into the supreme 
court, or circuit court if the subject-matter thereof be 
within the jurisdiction of the orphans' court. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the register of the pre- 
rogative court, and shall perform the duties required of 
him by law in that respect. 

Section V. 

1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and 
four associate justices. The number of associate justices 
may be increased or decreased by law, but shall never be 
less than two. 

2. The circuit courts shall be held in every county of this 
State, by one or more of the justices of the supreme court, 
or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all 
cases within the county except in those of a criminal na- 
ture, have common law jurisdiction, concurrent with the 
supreme court; and any final judgment of a circuit court 
may be docketed in the supreme court, and shall operate 
as a judgment obtained in the supreme court from the 
time of such docketing. 

3. Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought 
by writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into 
the court of errors and appeals. 

Section VI. 

1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas in each of the counties in this 
State, after the terms of the judges of said court now in 
office shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be 
appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, 
which shall be for the unexpired term only. 

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges 
of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for 
jrdges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the 



6 2 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

first day of April in every successive year, except commis- 
sions to fill vacancies, which shall bear date and take ef- 
fect when issued. 

Section VII. 

1. There may be elected under this constitution two, and 
not more than five, justices of the peace in each of the 
townships of the several counties of this State, and in each 
of the wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a 
township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or 
less, it may have two justices; when it contains more than 
two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thou- 
sand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more 
than four thousand inhabitants, it may have five justices; 
provided, that whenever any township not voting in wards 
contains more than seven thousand inhabitants, such town- 
ship may have an additional justice for each additional 
three thousand inhabitants above four thousand. 

2. The population of the townships in the several coun- 
ties of the State and of the several wards shall be ascer- 
tained by the last preceding census of the United States, 
until the legislature shall provide, by law, some other 
mode of ascertaining it. 

ARTICLE VII. 

APPOINTING POWER AND TENURE OF OFFICE. 

Section I. 

MILITIA OFFICERS. 

1. The legislature shall provide by law for enrolling, or- 
ganizing and arming the militia. 

2. Captains, subalterns and non-commissioned officers 
shall be elected by the members of their respective com- 
panies. 

3. Field officers of regiments, independent battalions and 
squadrons shall be elected by the commissioned officers 
of their respective regiments, battalions or squadrons. 

4. Brigadier-generals shall be elected by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

5. Major-generals, the adjutant-general and quarter- 
master-general shall be nominated by the governor, and 
appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the 
senate. 

6. The legislature shall provide, by law, the time and 
manner of electing militia oflScers, and of certifying their 
elections to the governor, who shall grant their commis- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 63. 

sions, and determine their rank, when not determined by 
law; and no commissioned officer shall be removed from 
office but by the sentence of a court-martial, pursuant to 
law. 

7. In case the electors of subalterns, captains or field offi- 
cers shall refuse or neglect to make such elections, the 
governor shall have power to appoint such officers, and 
to fill all vacancies caused by such refusal or neglect. 

8. Brigade inspectors shall be chosen by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

9. The governor shall appoint all militia officers whose 
appointment is not otherwise provided for in this consti- 
tution. 

10. Major-generals, brigadier-generals and commanding 
officers of regiments, independent battalions and squad- 
rons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, bri- 
gades, regiments,, independent battalions and squadrons, 
respectively. 

Section II. 



CIVIL OFFICERS. 

1. Justices of the supreme court, chancellor, judges of 
the court of errors and appeals and judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas shall be nominated by the gover- 
nor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate. 

The justices of the supreme court and chancellor shall 
hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at 
stated times, receive for their services a compensation 
which shall not be diminished during the term of their 
appointments; and they shall hold no other office under 
the government of this State or of the United States. 

Z. Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be ap- 
pointed by the senate and general assembly, in joint meet- 
ing. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unex- 
pired term only. 

3. The state treasurer and comptroller shall be appointed 
by the senate and general assembly, in joint meeting. 

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until 
their successors shall be qualified into office, 

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk 
of the supreme court, clerk of the court of chancery, sec- 
retary of state and the keeper of the state prison shall b« 



64 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

nominated by the governor, and appointed by him, with 
the advice and consent of the senate. 
They shall hold their offices for five years. 

5. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of 
the supreme court, or a majority of them; and the chan- 
cery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

6. Clerks and surrogates of counties shall be elected by 
the people of their respective counties, at the annual elec- 
tions for members of the general assembly. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

7. Sheriffs and coroners shall be elected by the people of 
their respective counties, at the elections for members of 
the general assembly, and they shall hold their offices for 
three years, after which three years must elapse before 
they can be again capable of serving. Sheriffs shall an- 
nually renew their bonds. 

8. Justices of the peace shall be elected by ballot at the 
annual meetings of the townships in the several counties 
of the State, and of the wards in cities that may vote in 
wards, in such manner and under such regulations as may 
be hereafter provided by law. 

They shall be commissioned for the county, and their 
commissions shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of May next after their election. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
elected to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired 
term only; provided, that the commission of any justice 
of the peace shall become vacant upon his ceasing to re- 
side in the township in which he was elected. 

The first election for justices of the peace shall take place 
at the next annual town-meetings of the township's in the 
several counties of the State, and of the wards in cities 
that may vote in wards. 

9. All other officers, whose appointments are not other- 
wise provided for by law, shall be nominated by the gov- 
ernor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate; and shall hold their offices for the time pre- 
scribed by law. 

10. All civil officers elected or appointed pursuant to the 
provisions of this constitution, shall be commissioned by 
the governor. 

11. The term of office of all officers elected or appointed, 
pursuant to the provisions of this constitution, except 
when herein otherwise directed, shall commence on the 
day of the date of their respective commissions; but no 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 65 

commission for any office shall bear date prior to the ex- 
piration of the term of the incumbent of said office. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

GENERAL PROVISIONS. 

1. The secretary of state shall be ex officio an auditor of 
the accounts of the treasurer, and as such, it shall be his 
duty to assist the legislature in the annual examination 
and settlement of said accounts, until otherwise provided 
by law. 

2. The seal of the State shall be kept by the governor, 
or person administering the government, and used by him 
officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of 
New Jersey. 

3. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and 
by the authority of the State of New Jersey, sealed with 
the great seal, signed by the governor, or person adminis- 
tering the government, and countersigned by the secretary 
of state, and it shall run thus: "The State of New Jersey, 

to , greeting." All writs shall be in the name of 

the State; and all indictments shall conclude in the follow- 
ing manner, viz., "against the peace of this State, the gov- 
ernment and dignity of the same." 

4. This constitution shall take effect and go into operation 
on the second day of September, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four. 

ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Any specific amendment or amendments to the constitu- 
tion may be proposed in the senate or general assembly, 
and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the 
members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be entered on their jour- 
nals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislature then next to be chosen, and shall be pub- 
lished for three months previous to making such choice, 
in at least one newspaper of each county, if any be pub- 
lished therein; and if in the legislature next chosen as 
aforesaid, such proposed amendment oi- amendments, or 
any of them, shall be agreed to by a majority of all the 
members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty 
of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or 
amendments^ or such of them as may have been agreed 
5 



66 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

to as aforesaid by the two legislatures, to the people, in 
such manner and at such time, at least four months after 
the adjournment of the legislature, as the legislature shall 
prescribe; and if the people at a special election to be held 
for that purpose only, shall approve and ratify such 
amendment or amendments, or any of them, by a majority 
of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legisla- 
ture voting thereon, such amendment or amendments so 
approved and ratified shall become part of the constitu- 
tion; provided, that if more than one amendment be sub- 
mitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and foi:m 
that the people may vote for or against each amendment 
separately and distinctly; but no amendment or amend- 
ments shall be submitted to the people by the legislature 
oftener than once in five years. 

ARTICLE X. 

SCHEDULE. 

That no inconvenience may arise from the change in the 
constitution of this State, and in order to carry the same 
into complete operation, it is hereby declared and ordained, 
that— 

1. The common law and statute laws now in force, not 
repugnant to this constitution, shall remain in force until 
they expire by their own limitation, or be altered or re- 
pealed by the legislature; and all writs, actions, causes of 
action, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights of indi- 
viduals and of bodies corporate, and of the State, and all 
charters of incorporation, shall continue, and all indict- 
ments which shall have been found, or which may here- 
after be found, for any crime or offense committed before 
the adoption of this constitution, -may be proceeded upon 
as if no change had taken place. The several courts of 
law and equity, except as herein otherwise provided, shall 
continue with the like powers and jurisdiction as if this 
constitution had not been adopted. 

2. All officers now filling any office or appointment shall 
continue in the exercise of the duties thereof, according 
to their respective commissions or appointments, unless by 
this constitution it is otherwise directed. 

3. The present governor, chancellor and ordinary or sur- 
rogate-general and treasurer shall continue in office until 
successors elected or appointed under this constitution 
•shall be sworn or affirmed into office. 

4. In case of the death, resignation or disability of the 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 67 

present governor, the person who may be vice-president of 
council at the time of the adoption of this constitution 
shall continue in office and administer the government un- 
til a governor shall have been elected and sworn or af- 
firmed into office under this constitution. 

5. The present governor, or in case of his death or inabil- 
ity to act, the vice-president of council, together with the 
present members of the legislative council and secretary 
of state, shall constitute a board of state canvassers, in 
the manner now provided by law, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining and declaring the result of the next ensuing elec- 
tion for governor, members of the house of representa- 
tives, and electors of president and vice-president. 

6. The returns of the votes for governor, at the said next 
ensuing election, shall be transmitted to the secretary of 
state, the votes counted, and the election declared in the 
manner now provided by law in the case of the election of 
electors of president and vice-president. 

7. The election of clerks and surrogates, in those counties 
where the term of office of the present incumbent shall 
expire previous to the general election of eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-five, shall be held at the general election 
next ensuing the adoption of this constitution; the result 
of which election shall be ascertained in the manner now 
provided by law for the election of sheriffs. 

8. The elections for the year eighteen hundred and forty- 
four shall take place as now provided by law. 

9. It shall be the duty of the governor to fill all vacancies 
in office happening between the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and the first session of the senate, and not otherwise 
provided for, and the commissions shall expire at the end 
of the first session of the senate, or when successors shall 
be elected or appointed and qualified. 

10. The restriction of the pay of members of the legisla- 
ture, after forty days from the commencement of the ses- 
sion, shall not be applied to the first legislature convened 
under this constitution. 

11. Clerks of counties shall be clerks of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and quarter sessions of the several 
counties, and perform the duties, and be subject to the 
regulations now required of them by law until otherwise 
ordained by the legislature. 

12. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry 
into effect the provisions of this constitution. 



68 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

State of New Jersey: 

I, George Wurts, Secretary of State of the State of New 
Jersey, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy 
of the' Constitution of the State of New Jersey as amended, 
as the same is taken from and compared with the original 
Constitution and amendments thereto, now remaining on 
file in my office. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
[Li. S.] hand and affixed my official seal, this twenty-sixth 
day of October, A. D. eighteen hundred and ninety- 
seven. GEORGE WURTS. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 69 

SENATE. 

RULES ADOPTED THIS YEAR. 



PRESIDENT. 



1. The President shall take the chair at the time appoint- 
ed; and a quorum being present, the Journal of the preced- 
ing day shall be read, to the end that any mistake therein 
may be corrected. 

2. He shall not engage in -any debate without leave of the 
Senate, except so far as shall be necessary for regulating 
the form of proceedings. 

3. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 
He shall, on all occasions, preserve the strictest order and 
decorum. 

4. When two or more Senators shall rise at the same 
time, he shall name the one entitled to the floor. 

5. He shall have the right to name a Senator fo perform 
the duties of the Chair, but such substitution shall not 
extend bej^ond one day. 

6. He shall decide every question .of order without de- 
bate, subject to an appeal to the Senate; and he may call 
for the sense of the Senate upon any question of order. 

7. He shall cause all persons to be arrested or removed 
from the &enate chamber who shall interrupt the proceed- 
ings of the Senate or conduct themselves improperly in the 
lobby or gallery. 

8. The Senate may elect a President pro tempore, who 
shall possess all the powers and discharge all the duties 
of the President, when the latter is absent in discharge 
of his constitutional duty of administering the government 
of the State. 

QUORUM. 

9. A majority of the members of the Senate shall consti- 
tute a quorum; and whenever a less number than a quo- 
rum shall convene at a regular meeting, and shall ad- 
journ, the names of those present shall be entered on the 
journal. 

10. Whenever a less number than a quorum shall convene 
at any regular meeting, they are hereby authorized to send 
the Sergeant-at-Arms, or any other person or persons by 
them authorized, for any or all absent Senators. 



70 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

11. After the President has taken the Chair the order 
of business shall be as follows: 

I. Prayer, 

II. Calling the Roll. 

III. Reading- the Journal. 

IV. Presentation and reference of petitions and 

memorials. 
V. Introduction of bills. 
VI. Reports of Committees. 

1. Standing Committees (in accordance with 
Rule 13). 

2. Select Committees. 
VII. Unfinished business. 

VIII. Senate bills on second reading. 
IX. Senate bills on third reading. 
X. Assembly bills on second reading. 
XI. Assembly bills on third reading. 

COMMITTEES. 

12. All Committees shall be appointed by the Presi- 
dent, unless otherwise ordered by the Senate. 

13. The following Standing Committees, consisting 
of three members each, except the Appropriation Com- 
mittee, which shall consist of four members, shall be 
appointed, at the commencement of each session, until 
otherwise ordered, with leave to report by bill or 
otherwise: ' 

A Committee on the Judiciary. 

A Committee on Appropriations. 

A Committee on Revision and Amendment of the Laws. 

A Committee on Finance. 

A Committee on Corporations. 

A Committee on Municipal Corporations. 

A Committee on Railroads and Canals. 

A Committee on Banks and Insurance Companies. 

A Committee on the Clergy. 

A Committee on Commerce and Navigation. 

A Committee on Federal Relations. 

A Committee on Stationery and Incidental Expenses. 

A Committee on Education. 

A Committee on Militia. 

A Committee on Game and Fisheries. 

A Committee on Riparian Rights. 

A Committee on Agriculture. 

A Committee on Miscellaneous Business. 

A Committee on Elections. 

A Committee on Public Health. 

A Committee on Unfinished Business. 

A Committee on Labor and Industries. 

A Committee on Boroughs and Townships. 

A Committee on Highways. 



RULES OP THE SENATE. 71 

A Committee on Printed Bills, whose duty It shall be to 
examine all bills and Joint resolutions before they shall be 
put upon their third reading, and who shall report the 
same to the Senate, and the Secretary shall enter upon 
the journal that the same have been correctly printed. 

Special Committees shall consist of three members, un- 
less otherwise ordered by the Senate. 

The several Joint Committees shall consist of three 
members each, and shall be also appointed to act con- 
jointly with corresponding committees to be appointed by 
the House of Assembly. 

A Committee on the Treasurer's Accounts. 

A Committee on the State Prison. 

A Committee en the State Hospitals. 

A Committee on the Library, 

A Committee on Public Grounds and Buildings. 

A Committee on Public Printing. 

A Committee on Passed Bills. 

A Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

A Committee on Reform School for Boys. 

A Committee on Sinking Fund. 

A Committee on Industrial School for Girls. 

A Committee on the New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes, 

A Committee on the New Jersey State Reformatory. 

A Committee on State Village for Epileptics. 

A Committee on Home for Feeble-minded Women. 

A Committee on School for Feeble-minded Children. 

A Committee on Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases 

BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. 

14. When a memorial or bill Is referred to a committee 
praying or providing for an act of incorporation, or for 
any other act, notice of the application for which is re- 
quired by law to be previously advertised, the committee 
shall not have leave to report such bill unless satisfactory 
evidence has been presented to the committee that the 
application for such act has had a bona fide advertisement 
according to law; and all committees reporting such bills 
referred to them shall certify to the Senate that such 
proof has been presented and is deemed satisfactory. 

15. The titles of all bills and the parts of bills affected 
by amendments, together with the amendments, shall be 
entered on the Journal. 

16. When leave Is asked to bring In a bill, its title shall 
be read for the Information of the Senate, and if objected 
to it shall be laid over for one day; and all public and prl- 



72 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

^•nte bills and joint resolutions shall, after the first read- 
ing, be printed for the use of the Senate, but no other 
paper or document shall be printed without special order. 

17. All ^ills and special reports of committees shall be 
numbered by the Secretary as they are severally intro- 
duced, and a list made of the same, and such bills and re- 
ports shall be called up by the President for consideration, 
in the order in which they are reported and stand upon 
the calendar, unless otherwise ordered; and the Secretary 
shall read from the said list or calendar, and not from the 
files of bills or reports. 

18. No bill shall be committed or amended until it shall 
have been ordered to a second reading, after which it may 

be referred to a committee. Upon the written request 
of seven Senators to the Chairman of a Committee to 
which a bill shall have been referred, said Committee 
shall forthwith report such bill. 

19. All bills may be made the order of a particular day, 
and public bill« when called for shall have the preference 
of private bills; and when two or more bills shall be called 
for by Senators, they shall be taken up according to their 
seniority, re ^koning from the date of their introduction. 

20. On the second and third readings of bills and joint 
resolutions, printed copies thereof shall be used. 

21. When bills or joint resolutions are introduced, the 
Secretary of the Senate shall forthwith deliver the same 
to the Supervisor of Bills, who shall prepare them for 
printing, in conformity with the rules defining the duties 
of said oflicer. 

22. Original bills and joint resolutions, after being print- 
ed, shall be delivered by the Supervisor of Bills to the 
Secretary. 

23. Bills and joint resolutions origmating in and passed 
by the Senate and amended by the House, when concurred 
in by the Senate, shall be delivered by the Secretary to the 
Supervisor of Bills for re-printing. 

24. Bills and joint resolutions which have passed their 
second reading, together with all amendments thereto, 
shall be delivered by the Secretary to the Supervisor of 
Bills, who shall see that the same are in proper form for 
printing for third reading. 

25. When the Supervisor of Bills receives from the print- 
er the bill or joint resolution ordered to a third reading 
and the same shall be found correct, he shall affix his offi- 
cial stamp to each page of the copy to be used as the 
official copy and intended to be submitted to the Governor 
for his approval, and shall deliver the same to the Sec- 
retary. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 73 

26. T^yo copies of every bill and of every joint resolution 
ordered to a third reading shall he printed on good bond 
paper, to be approved by the Supervisor of Bills, one of 
which copies shall be retained In his office and the other 
of which shall be delivered to the Secretary to be used 
thereafter as the official copy of said bill or joint resolution. 

27. The Supervisor of Bills shall have printed for the use 
of the members of the Legislature at least one hundred 
copies of every bill or joint resolution ordered to a third 
reading, which shall be known and designated as "Official 
Copy Re-print." The Supervisor of Bills shall deliver 
twenty-one copies of all bills and joint resolutions desig- 
nated as "Official Copy Re-print" to the Secretary of the 
Senate, and sixty copies to the Clerk of the House, and 
he shall retain the remainder in his own custody for the 
use of State and Legislative officers. 

28. Except as otherwise provided, the system and pro- 
cedure which have heretofore prevailed shall be followed 
in the preparation of all bills and joint resolutions for 
their various readings as far as practicable. 

29. The consent of the majority of the Senators present 
shall be sufficient to print or re-print any bill or joint 
resolution, but no bill or joint resolution shall pass unless 
there shall be a majority of all the Senators personally 
present and agreeing thereto, and the yeas and nays of 
Senators voting on the final passage of any bill or joint 
resolution shall be entered on the Journal and the like en- 
try on any other question shall be made at the desire of 
any Senatoi". 

30. Every bill and joint resolution shall receive three 
readings previous to Its being passed ; and the President 
shall give notice at each reading whether It be the first, 
second or third, which readings shall be on three different 
days ; but no bill or joint resolution reported adversely by 
the committee to which it shall have been referred shall 
receive a second reading except upon motion for that pur- 
pose made by or in the presence of the introducer of such 
bill or joint resolution and concurred in by a majority of all 
the Senators. 

31. The final question upon the second reading of every 
bill or joint resolution originating in the Senate shall be 
whether it shall be read a third time ; and no amendment 
shall be received at the third reading unless by unanimous 
consent of the Senators present, but It shall be In order, 
before the final passage of any such bill or joint resolu- 
tion, to move its recommitment, and should such recom- 
mitment take place and any amendment '■\e reported by 
the committee, the said bill or resolution shall be again 
read a second time and considered and the aforesaid ques- 
tion again put. 

32. When a bill or joint resolution shall have been lost, 
and reconsidered and lost again, the same shall not again be 
reconsidered but by the unanimous consent of the Senate. 



7 4 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

33. Bills and joint resolutions, when passed by the Sen- 
ate, shall be signed by the President. 

34 When a Senate bill or joint resolution shall have been 
passed, the same shall be signed, taken to the House of 
Asfsembly, and its concurrence therein requested, without 
a motion for that purpose. 

35. When a bill or resolution passed by the Senate shall 
be carried to the House of Assembly, all papers and docu- 
ments relating thereto on the files of the Senate shall be 
carried by the Secretary, with such bill or resolution, to 
the House of Assembly. 

MOTIONS AND THEIR PRECEDENCE. 

36. When a motion shall be made, it shall be reduced to 
writing by the President or any Senator, and delivered 
to the Secretary at his table and read before the same 
shall be debatable. 

37. All motions entered on the Journal of the Senate 
shall be entered in the names of the Senators who make 
them. 

38. If the question in debate contains several points, any 
Senator may have the same divided; but a motion to strike 
out and insert, or to commit with instructions, shall not 
be divided. 

39. The rejection of a motion to strike out and insert one 
proposition shall not prevent a motion to strike out and 
insert a different proposition, nor prevent a subsequent 
motion simply to strike out; nor shall the rejection of a 
motion simply to strike out prevent a subsequent motion 
to strike out and insert. 

40. On tilling blanks the question shall be first taken on 
the largest sum, the greatest number, and the most dis- 
tant day. 

41. When motions are made for reference of the same 
subject to a Select Committee, and to a Standing Com- 
mittee, the question of reference to a Standing Committee 
shall be put first. 

42. When a question is before the Senate, no motion shal. 
be received but— 

1. To adjourn. 

2. To proceed to the consideration of Executive business. 

3. To lay on the table. 

4. To postpone indefinitely. 

5. To postpone to a certain day. 

6. To commit. 

7. To amend. 

Which several motions shall have precedence in the or- 
der in which they stand arranged. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 75 

43. The motion to adjourn, or to fix a day to which the 
Senate shall adjourn, shall always be in order, exce'i)! 
when a vote is being taken or while a Senator is addressing 
the Senate. 

44. The motions to adjourn, to proceed to the considera- 
tion of Executive business, and to lay on the table, shall 
be decided without debate. 

45. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill 
shall have precedence of a motion to amend, and if car- 
ried shall be equivalent to its rejection. 

46. When a motion shall have been once made and car- 
ried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for 
any Senator who voted on the prevailing side to move a 
reconsideration thereof on the same day or next succeed- 
ing day of actual session; but no motion for the reconsid- 
eration of any vote shall be in order after a bill, resolu- 
tion, message, report, amendment or motion upon which 
the vote was taken, announcing their decision, shall have 
gone from the possession of the Senate, and they shall 
not pass from the possession of the Senate until the ex- 
piration of the time in which a reconsideration is permit- 
ted; and every motion for reconsideration shall be decid- 
ed by a majority of votes, except a motion to reconsider 
the vote on the final passage of a bill or joint resolution, 
which shall require the same majority as is necessary for 
their final passage. 

MEMBERS. 

47. The seats within the bar shall be reserved exclusively 
for the Senators, the officers of the Senate, and the re- 
porters of the press who may have seats assigned them. 

48. No Senator shall speak in any debate without rising, 
nor more than three times on any subject of debate, un- 
less he shall first obtain leave of the Senate. 

49. Every Senator, in speaking, shall address the Presi- 
dent, confine himself to the question under debate, and 
avoid personality. 

50. Any Senator may change his vote before the decision 
of the question shall have been announced by the Chair. 

51. No Senator shall have his vote recorded on any ques- 
tion, when the j-eas and nays are called, unless he shall 
be present to answer to his name. 

MESSAGES. 

52. All messages shall be sent to the House of Assembly 
by the Secretary, under the direction of the President, 
as a standing order, without a vote- thereon. 



76 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

53. Messages may be delivered at any stage of the busi- 
ness, except when a vote is being taken. 

54. When a message shall be sent from the Governor or 
House of Assembly to the Senate, it shall be announced 
at the door by the Sergeant-at-Arms. 

SENATE BILLS IN THE HOUSE. 

55. When an amendment made in the Senate to a bill 
from the House of Assembly shall be disagreed to by that 
House, and not adhered to by the Senate, the bill shall 
be considered as standing on a third reading. 

56. An amendment of the House of Assembly to a Senate 
bill shall not be divisible. 

57. In case of disagreement between the Senate and 
House of Assembly, the Senate may either recede, insist 
and ask a conference, or adhere, and motions for such 
purposes shall take precedence in that order. 

58. When a Senate bill shall be returned, amended by 
the House of Assembly, the sections of the bill so amend- 
ed, together with the amendments, shall be read by the 
Secretary for a first reading and be entitled to a second 
reading without special motion, at which reading the 
proposed amendments shall be open to the action of the 
Senate. And if, at its third reading, upon the question be- 
ing put by the President, "Will the Senate concur in the 
House amendment to Senate bill No. — ?" a majority of the 
whole Senate should, by a vote of years and nays, con- 
cur, the question shall then be upon ordering the bill to 
be re-printed. If so ordered, the bill shall be re-printed, 
the amendments embodied therein and the re-printed bill 
examined and reported by the Committee on Printed Bills 
and read in open Senate, .o the end that it may be known 
to be correctly printed, and shall be then signed and certi- 
fied as other bills. 

DISORDER. 

59. In case of any disturbance in the gallery or lobby, the 
President shall have power to order the same to be 
cleared. 

60. The Sergeant-at-Arms shall aid in the enforcement of 
order, under the direction of the President. 

61. No Senator, in speaking, shall mention a Senator 
then present by his name. 

SPECIAL ORDERS. 

62. When the hour shall have arrived for the considera- 
tion of a special order, the same shall be taken up, and 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 77 

the Senate shall proceed to consider it, unless it shall be 
postponed by the Senate. 

63. The unfinished business in which the Senate shall 
have been engaged at the last preceding adjournment shall 
have the preference in the special order of the day. 

64. No concurrent resolution shall pass unless by the 
consent of a majority of the Senators elected. 

SECRET SESSION. 

65. On motion made and seconded to shut the doors of the 
Senate on the discussion of any business which may, in the 
opinion of a Senator, require secrecy, the President shall 
direct the chamber to be cleared, and during the discus- 
sion of such motion the doors shall remain shut. 

RULES. 

66. No standing rule or order of the Senate shall be sus- 
pended unless by the consent of two-thirds of the Senators 
elected, nor rescinded or amended but by the same num- 
ber, and one day's notice shall be given of the motion for 
rescission or amendment. 

EXECUTIVE SESSION. 

67. When nominations shall be made by the Governor 
to the Senate, they shall, unless otherwise ordered by the 
Senate, be referred to appropriate committees; and the 
final question on every nomination shall be, "Will the 
Senate advise and consent to this nomination?" which 
question shall not be put on the same day on which the 
nomination is received, nor on the day on which it may 
be reported by a committee, unless by the unanimous con- 
sent of the Senate. 

68. When acting on Executive business the Senate shall 
be cleared of all persons except the Senators and Secre- 
tary. 

69. All information or remarks concerning the character 
or qualifications of any persons nominated by the Gover- 
nor to office shall be kept a secret. 

70. The Legislative and Executive proceedings of the 
Senate shall be kept in separate and distinct books. 

71. All nominations approved by the Senate, or other- 
wise definitely acted on, shall be transmitted by the Secre- 
tary to the Governor, with the determination of the Senate 
thereon, from day to day, as such proceedings may occur; 
but no further extract from the Executive journal shall 
be furnished, published or otherwise communicated, ex- 
cept by special order of the Senate. 



78 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

72. When a bill is introduced amending an existing 
law, it shall in the body of the bill have new matter 
underscored, and matter proposed to be omitted, 
printed in its proper place, enclosed in brackets. 

The introducer of a bill amending or supplementing 
an existing law shall designate at the head thereof the 
page of the Compiled Statutes, or the chapter of the 
Pamphlet Laws, where may be found the 1 w pro- 
posed to be amended or supplemented. 

When a bill has passed to a third reading, no spe- 
cial marks, underscoring or brackets shall be printed 
in the same. 

It shall be the duty of the Secretary to cause any 
bill not complying with this rule to te redrawn, so as 
to conform hereto, and when reprinted to be restored 
to its place on the calendar. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 79 

HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 

RULES ADOPTED THIS YEAR. 



OF THE MEETING OF THE HOUSE. 

1. Any member or members less than a quorum may 
meet and adjourn the House from day to day, when neces- 
sary. 

2. Every member shall attend in his place precisely at 
the hour to which the House was last adjourned; and in 
case of neglect, he shall be subject to a reprimand from 
the Chair, unless excused by the House; nor shall any 
member absent himself from the House for more than the 
space of a quarter of an hour without leave previously ob- 
tained. 

3. In case a less number of members than a quorum shall 
be present after the arrival of the hour to which the House 
stood adjourned, they are hereby authorized to send their 
Sergeant-at-Arms, or any other person or persons by them 
authorized, with a warrant duly executed, for any and all 
absent members, as the majority of such as are present 
may agree, and at the expense of such absent members, 
respectively, unless such excuse for non-attendance shall 
be rendered as the House, when a quorum is convened, 
shall judge sufficient. Immediately after the appointment 
of the Standing Committees, the members shall arrange 
among themselves their several seats appropriated to their 
counties; and in case of disagreement, the same shall be 
decided by lot. 

OF THE DUTIES OF THE SPEAKER. 

4. He shall take the chair at the hour to which the House 
shall have adjourned, and immediately call the members 
to order; and on the appearance of a quorum, shall cause 
the journal of the preceding day to be read,- which may 
then be corrected by the House. 

5. He shall preserve order and decorum, and in debate 
shall prevent personal reflections, and confine members 
to the question under discussion; but he shall not engage 
in any debate, nor propose his opinion on any question, 
without first calling on some member to occupy the chair. 
When two or more members rise at the same time, he 
shall name the one entitled to the floor. 



80 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

6. He shall decide questions of order, subject to an ap- 
peal to the House, when demanded by any four members, 
on which appeal no member shall speak more than once, 
unless by leave of the House. 

7. All questions before the House shall be stated by the 
Speaker, and distinctly put in the following- form, to wit: 
"As many as are in favor of (the question) will say aye;" 
and after the affirmative is expressed, "Those of a con- 
trary opinion, no." If the Speaker doubts, or a division be 
called for, the House shall divide; those in the affirmative 
of the question shall first rise from their seats, and after- 
wards those in the negative; and in case of an equal divi- 
sion, the Speaker shall decide. 

8. All Committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, un- 
less otherwise specially directed by the House. 

9. All acts, addresses and joint resolutions shall be signed 
by the Speaker; and all writs, warrants and subpoenas is- 
sued by the order of the House shall be under his hand 
and seal, and attested by the Clerk. If the Speaker be ab- 
sent, a less number of members than a quorum may ap- 
point a Speaker pro tempore, who may sign any warrants, 
or perform any act requisite to biing in absent members. 

10. He shall have a general direction of the hall, and he 
may name a member to perform the duties of the Chair; 
but such substitution shall not extend beyond a second 
adjournment. 

OF THE ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

11. After the reading of the journal, tiie business of the 
first meeting of each day shall be conducted in the follow- 
ing manner, to wit: 

I. Letters, petitions and memorials, remonstrances and 
accompanying documents may be presented and dis- 
posed of. 

II. Reports of Committees may be read. 

III. Original resolutions may be offered and considered; 
items of unfinished business referred; motions to recon- 
sider and to appoint additional members of Committees 
made; and leave of absence, leave to withdraw documents, 
and leave to introduce bills asked. 

LEAVE FOR BILLS AND TO INTRODUCE BILLS.. 

IV. Bills and joint resolutions on a third reading may be 
taken up. 

V. The House shall then proceed in the order of the day, 
preference being always given to the unfinished business 
of the previous sitting; after which bills and joint resolu- 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 81 

tions on a second reading- shall be taken in their order; 
and the House, in its afternoon session, will proceed to 
business as though there had been no adjournment of its 
morning session, excepting that original resolutions, and 
leave to introduce bills of Committees, be the first business 
in the afternoon session; and shall, on demand of the ma- 
jority, proceed with the order of the day. 

12. The Clerk shall make a list of all public bills and 
joint resolutions. He shall keep a separate calendar of 
private bills. No bills for granting, continuing, altering, 
amending, or renewing a charter for any corporation, 
other than a municipal corporation, shall be placed on the 
calendar of public bills. All bills, public and pilvate, shall 
be numbered according to the time of their introduction 
into the House. They shall be taken up and considered 
in the order of time in which they were reported, or or- 
dere<? to a third reading, as appears by the calendar; and 
the calendar shall be proceeded in until all the bills there- 
on are called up before the commencement of the calendar 
anew. The Clerk shall post in a conspicuous place in 
his office a list of all hearings to be held on bills. 

13. All messages shall be sent from this House to the 
Senate by the Clerk. 

OF DECORUM AND DEBATE. 

14. When a member is about to speak in debate, or com- 
municate any matter to the House, he shall rise from his 
seat and respectfully address himself to the Speaker, con- 
fining himself to the question under debate, and avoiding 
personality. 

15. If any member in debate transgress the rules of the 
House, the Speaker shall, or any member may, call him 
to order, in which case the member so called to order shall 
immediately sit down, unless permitted to explaiii. The 
House shall, if appealed to, decide on the case, but with- 
out debate; if there be no appeal, the decision of the Chair 
shall be submitted to. If the decision be in favor of the 
member called to order, he shall Ue at liberty to proceed; 
if otherwise, he shall not be permitted to proceed without 
leave of the House, and if the case require it, he shall be 
liable to censure of the House. 

16. If a member be called to order for words spoken in 
debate, the person calling him to order shall repeat the 
words excepted to, and they shall be taken down in writ- 
ing at the Clerk's table; and no member shall be held to 
answer, or be subject to the censure of the House, for 
words spoken in debate, if any other member has spoken. 



82 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

or other business has intervened after the words spoken, 
and before exception to them shall have been taken. 

17. No member shall speak more than twice, or longer 
than five minutes each time, without leave of the House. 

18. While the Speaker is putting any question, or ad- 
dressing the House, none shall walk out of or across the 
hall; nor in such case, or when a member is speaking, 
shall anyone entertain private discourse; nor shall anyone, 
while a member is speaking, pass between him and the 
Chair. 

19. No member shall vote on any question In the event of 
which he is particularly interested, nor in any case where 
he was no^ within the bar of the House when the question 
was put. 

20. Every member who shall be in the House when the 
question is put shall give his vote, unless the House for 
special reasons shall excuse him. All motions to excuse a 
member from voting shall be made before the House di- 
vides, or before the call of the yeas and nays is com- 
menced; any member requesting to be excused from vot- 
ing may make a brief verbal statement of the reasons for 
such request, and the question shall then be taken without 
further debate. 

21. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to 
the House shall be presented by the Speaker, or by a mem- 
ber in his place; a brief statement of the contents thereof 
shall be made by the introducer, and, if called upon, he 
shall declare that it does not, in his opinion, contain any 
indecent or reproachful language, or any expressions of 
disrespect to the House, or any committee of the same. 

22. It shall be the duty of the Sergeant-at-Arms, at all 
times, not to allow any person to smoke in the Assembly 
chamber. 

ON MOTIONS. 

23. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the 
Speaker or any member desire it. 

24. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be 
stated by the Speaker, or being in writing, it shall be 
handed to the Chair and read aloud by the Clerk, when it 
shall be deemed to be in the possession of the House and 
open to debate; but it may be withdrawn at any time be- 
fore a decision or amendment. 

25. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received but— 

1. To adjourn. 

2. A call of thp House. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY, 83 

S. To lay on the table. 

4. For the previous question. 

5. To postpone indefinitely, 

6. To postpone to a day certain, 

7. To go into a Committee of the Whole on the pending 

subject immediately. 

8. To commit to a Committee of the Whole, 

9. To commit to a Standing Committee, 

10, To commit to a Select Committee. 

11, To amend. 

Which several motions shall have precedence in the order 
in which they are stated, and no motion to postpone to a 
day certain, to commit, or to postpone indefinitely, being 
decided, shall be again allowed on the same day, and at 
the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

26. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill or 
joint resolution shall have precedence of a motion to 
amend, and if carried shall be considered equivalent to its 
rejection. 

, 27. A motion to adjourn shall be always in order, except 
when the House is voting, or while a member is addressing 
the House, or immediately after the question to adjourn 
has been negatived; that, and the motion to lay on the 
table, shall be decided without debate. 

28. Any member may call for a division of the question, 
which shall be divided if it comprehends questions so dis- 
tinct that one being taken away from the rest may stand 
entire for the decision of the House; a motion to strike 
out and insert shall be deemed indivisible; but a motion to 
strike out being lost, shall preclude neither amendment 
nor a motion to strike out and insert. 

29. W^hen any motion shall be made and seconded, the 
same shall, at the request of any two members, be en- 
tered on the Journal of the House. 

30. When a motion has been once made and carried in 
the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any 
member who voted with the prevailing party to move for 
the reconsideration thereof, on the same day or on the 
next day of actual session of the House thereafter; all 
motions may be reconsidered, by a majority of the mem- 
bers present; but bills, to be reconsidered, must have the 
same majority that would be necessary to pass them; and 
such vote, on motion to reconsider, shall be by taking the 
yeas and nays, 

31. When a blank is to be filled, the question shall first 
be taken on the largest sum, or greatest number, and re- 
motest day. 



84 RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

32. The yeas and nays shall be entered on th© Journal ot 
the House, when moved for and seconded by five members, 
and in taking- the yeas and nays the names of the mem- 
bers, including- the Speaker, shall be called alphabetically. 

33. The previous question shall be put in this form: 
"Shall the main question be now put?" It shall only be 
admitted when demanded by a majority of the members 
present, and its effect shall be, if decided affirmatively, to 
put an end to all debate, and bring the House to a direct 
vote upon amendments reported by a committee, if any, 
then upon pending amendments, and then upon the main 
question; if decided in the negative, to leave the main 
question and amendments if any, under debate for the 
residue of the sitting-, unless sooner disposed of by taking 
the question, or in some other manner. All incidental 
questions of order arising after a motion is m'ade for the 
previous question, and pending such motion, shall be de- 
cided, whether on appeal or otherwise, without debate. 

34. After the Clerk has commenced calling the yeas and 
nays on any question, no motion shall be received until a 
decision shall have been announced by the Chair.* 

OF COMMITTEES. 

35. The following Standing Committees shall be appoint- 
ed at the commencement of the session, until otherwise 
ordered: 

A Committee of Ways and Means. 

A Committee on Bill Revision. 

A Committee on the Judiciary. 

A Committee on Agriculture and Agricultural College. 

A Committee on Appropriations. 

A Committee on Education. 

A Committee on Elections. 

A Committee on Printed Bills. 

A Committee on Municipal Corporations. 

A Committee on Boroughs and Borough Commissions. 

A Committee on Militia. 

A Committee on Claims and Revolutionary Pensions. 

A Committee on Corporations. 

A Committee on Banks and Insurance. 

A Committee on Unfinished Business. 

A Committee on Incidental Expenses. 

A Committee on Stationery. 

A Committee on Riparian Rights. 

A Committee on Revision of Laws. 

A Committee on Game and Fisheries. 

A Committee on Miscellaneous Business. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 85 

A Committee on Railroads and Canals. 
A Committee on Labor and Industries. 
A Committee on To^vns and Townships. 
A Committee on Public Health. 
A Committee on Federal Relations. 
A Committee on Commerce and Navigation. 
A Committee on Highways. 

Which several committees shall consist of five mem- 
bers each. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

The following Joint Committees, of five members 
each, shall also be appointed to act conjointly with 
corresponding committees to be appointed by the Sen- 
ate: 

A Committee on the Treasurer's Accounts. 

A Committee on the State Prison. 

A Committee on Printing. 

A Committee on the State Library. 

A Committee on the State Hospitals. 

A Committee on Public Grounds and Buildings. 

A Committee on Passed Bills. 

A Committee on Sinking Fund. 

A Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

A Committee on Reform School for Boys. 

A Committee on Industrial School for Girls. 

A Committee on the New Jersey School for Deaf- 
Mutes. 

A Committee on the New Jersey State Reformatory. 

A Committee on State Village for Epileptics. 

A Committee on Home for Feeble-minded Women. 

A Committee on School for Feeble-minded Children. 

A Committee on Sanatorium for Tuberculous Dis- 
eases. 

36. The several Standing Committees of the House 
shall have leave to report by bill or otherwise. 

37. No committee shall sit during the sitting of the 
House, without special leave. 

38. All committees appointed at the first sitting 
shall continue to act during every subsequent sitting 
of the same Legislature, or until they have reported 
on the business committed to them, or have been dis- 
charged. 

OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE. 

39. In forming a Committee of the Whole House, 
the Speaker shall leave his chair, and a chairman to 
preside in committee shall be appointed by the 
Speaker. 

40. The rules of proceeding in the House shall be 
observed, as far as practicable, in Committee of the 
Whole, except that any member may speak oftener 
than twice on the same subject, but shall not speak a 
second time until every member choosing to speak 
shall have spoken; nor shall a motion for the pre- 
vious question be made therein. 

41. All amendments made in Committee of the 
Whole shall be noted by the Clerk, but need not be 



86 RULES OP THE ASSEMBLY. 

read by the Speaker on his resuming, the chair, un- 
less required by the House. 

ON BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. 

42. All bills and joint resolutions shall be introduced by 
motion for leave, or on the report of a committee, and 
the member offering- the same shall indorse his name on 
them, that the committee may confer with him should 
they so desire. 

43. Every bill and joint resolution shall receive three s.ep- 
arate readings in the House previous to its passage, but no 
bill or joint resolution shall be read twice on the same 
day, without special order of the House. 

44. All bills and joint resolutions shall, after their first 
reading, be printed for the use of the members, and re- 
ferred to their appropriate committees. 

45. All bills and joint resolutions may be made the ordar 
of a particular day, on which day they shall be taken up 
in preference to others on the calendar; and the calendar 
of private bills shall not be taken up until the calendar of 
public bills shall have been been gone through with. 

^46. All bills and joint resolutions, previous to their final 
passage by the House, all petitions, motions and reports, 
may be committed at the pleasure of the House. And the 
recommitment of any bill or resolution, when the same 
has been ordered to a third reading, shall have the effect 
of placing the same upon the second reading. 

47. Printed bills and joint resolutions shall be used on 
their second and third readings, and no amendment shall 
be received to any bill or joint resolution on its third read- 
ing. 

48. When bills or joint resolutions are introduced, the 
Clerk of the House shall forthwith deliver the same to the 
Supervisor of Bills, who shall prepare them for printing 
in conformity with the rules defining the duties of said 
officer. 

49. Original bills and joint resolutions, after being print- 
ed, shall be delivered by the said Supervisor of Bills to the 
Clerk. 

50. Bills and joint resolutions originating in and passed 
by the House and amended by the Senate, when concurred 
in by the House, shall be delivered by the Clerk to the 
Supervisor of Bills for re-printing. 

51. Bills and joint resolutions which have passed their 
second reading, together with all amendments thereto, 
shall be delivered by the Clerk to the Supervisor of Bills, 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 87 

who shall see that the same are in proper form for print- 
ing for third reading. 

52. When the Supervisor of Bills receives from the printer 
the bill or joint resolution ordered to a third reading 
and the same shall be found correct, he shall affix his 
official stamp to each page of the copy to be used as the 
official copy and intended to be submitted to the Governor 
for his approval and shall deliver the same to the Clerk. 

53. Two copies of every bill and of every joint resolution 
ordered to a third reading shall be printed on good bond 
paper, to be approved by the Supervisor of Bills, one of 
which copies shall be retained in his office and the other 
of which shall be delivered to the Clerk, to be used there- 
after as the official copy of said bill or joint resolution. 

54. The Supervisor of Bills shall have printed, for the 
use of the members of the Legislature, at least one hun- 
dred copies of every bill or joint resolution ordered to a 
third reading, which shall be known and designated as 
"Official 'Copy Re-print." The Supervisor of Bills shall 
deliver twenty-one copies of all bills and joint resolutions 
designated as "Official Copy Re-print" to the Secretary of 
the Senate, and sixty copies to the Clerk of the House, and 
he shall retain the remainder in his own custody, for the 
use of State and Legislative officers. 

55. Except as otherwise provided, the system and pro- 
cedure which have heretofore prevailed shall be followed in 
the preparation of all bills and joint resolutions for their 
various readings, as far as practicable. 

56. On a motion to strike out any item in the incidental 
bill, the question to be submitted to the House shall be, 
"Shall the item be retained in the bill?" and a majority 
of all the members of the House shall be necessary to 
adopt the sa-me. 

57. After the introduction of any private bill, the appli- 
cants for said bill shall, at their own expense, furnish the 
usual number of copies for the use of the members, unless 
the printing thereof be dispensed with by a special order 
of the House. 

58. On the question of the final passage of all bills and 
joint resolutions, the yeas and nays shall be entered on 
the Journal of the House. 

59. Whenever a bill or resolution that has passed the 
House shall be carried to the Senate, all papers and docu- 
ments relating thereto, on the files of the House, shall be 
carried with such bill or resolution to the Senate. 



SS RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

OF RULES. 

60. No standing rule or order of the House shall be re- 
scinded or changed without one day's notice being given of 
the motion therefor; nor shall any rule be suspended ex- 
cept by a vote of the majority of the whole number of 
members of the House. 

6L When an Assembly bill is returned amended by the 
Senate, the report thereof by the Secretary of the Senate 
shall be taken as the first reading, and the same be en- 
titled to a second reading, without a motion for that pur- 
pose; after its second reading, the question shall be, "Shall 
the Senate amendments to Assembly bill No. — have a 
third reading?" If ordered to a third reading, the amend- 
ments shall be read, but these readings shall be on differ- 
ent days; the question shall then be, "Will the House of 
Assembly concur in the Senate amendments to Assembly 
bill No. — ?" upon which question the votes shall be by 
yeas and jnays. If concurred in by a majority of the whole 
House, the bill shall be re-printed, the amendments em- 
bodied therein, and the re-printed bill examined and re- 
ported upon by the Committee on Printed Bills, and read 
in open Assembly, to the end that it may be known to be 
correctly printed, and then signed and certified as other 
bills. 

62. Cushing's Manual shall in all cases, when not in con- 
flict with the rules adopted by the House, be considered 
and held as standard authority. 

63. No person shall be allowed on the floor of the House 
diiring its sessions except State officers and members and 
officers of the Senate, unless by written permission of the 
Speaker. 

64. No committee of this House shall report a bill ad- 
versely without notifying the introducer of the bill; nor 
shall such adverse report be acted upon unless the intro- 
ducer of the bill is in his seat. 

65. After the calling of the roll has been commenced upon 
any question, no member shall be permitted to explain his 
vote. 

66. Every bill amended in the House, after its report by 
the committee to which it was referred upon introduction, 
shall, when ordered to be printed and have a third reading, 
be delivered to the Committee on Bill Revision, whose duty 
it shall be to examine the same, and if it be found that 
such amendment agrees with the context the" bill shall 
then be printed. If in the opinion of the committee such 
amendment is, as to form, improper, they shall report to 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. S9 

the House with such recommendation as they think 
fit. Such report shall be made promptly. 

67. That hereafter any motion or resolution which 
will result in relieving a standing committee of a bill 
referred to it shall not be entertained unless twenty- 
four hours' notice shall be given the House of the in- 
troduction of such motion or resolution; provided, 
however, that on a written request of fifteen members, 
duly presented to the House, said request shall be 
read, and delivered fortliwith by the Clerk to the 
chairman of the committee named therein; said com- 
mittee shall, within twenty-four hours, report on the 
bill, resolution, motion or matter named in said re- 
quest. 

68. When a bill is introduced amending an existing 
law, it must, in the body of the bill, have all new 
matter underscored, and all portions of the law pro- 
posed to be omitted must be printed in its proper place, 
enclosed in black-faced brackets. Every bill which 
amends or supplements an existing law shall have 
printed thereon, under the number of the bill, the page 
of the General Statutes or the Pamphlet Laws at 
which is found the law proposed to be amended or 
supplemented. 

All bills reported with amendments shall be im- 
mediately reprinted; the new matter must be under- 
scored, and all matter proposed to be eliminated by 
amendment must be included in brackets. 

It shall be the duty of the Speaker to direct the 
Clerk to cause any bill appearing on the calendar and 
not complying with this rule to be immediately 
amended and reprinted, so as to comply with the same, 
and when reprinted it shall be restored to its place on 
the calendar. 

69. At each session of the House the Sergeant-at- 
Arms shall call the roll of officers and employes of 
the House, and shall report in writing, within twenty- 
four hours, to the chairman of the Committee on Inci- 
dental Expenses as to the attendance of said officers 
and employes. 

The Committee on Incidental Expenses shall recom- 
mend such action as said report may show to be neces- 
sary. 

70. Any three members of a Standing Committee 
may report a bill. 



90 JOINT RULES AND ORDERS. 

JOINT RULES AND ORDERS 

OF THE 

SENATE AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



1. In every case of an amendment of a bill agreed to in 
one House and dissented from in the other, if either House 
shall request a conference and appoint a committee for 
that purpose, and the other House shall also appoint a 
committee to confer, such committee shall, at a conven- 
ient hour, to be agreed on by their respective chairmen, 
meet In conference, and state to each other, verbally or 
in writing, as either shall choose, the reasons of their re- 
spective houses for and against the amendment, and con- 
fer freely thereon. 

2. After each House shall have adhered to its disagree- 
ment, a bill or resolution shall be lost. 

3. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in 
one House is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be 
sent to the House in which the same shall have passed. 

4. Each House, in which any bill or resolution shall have 
passed, shall transmit therewith to the other House, all 
papers and documents relating to the same. 

5. When a message shall be sent from either House to 
the other it shall be announced at the door of the House 
by the doorkeeper, and shall be respectfully communi- 
cated to the Chair by the person by whom it is sent. 

6. Af t^r a bill, shall have passed both Houses it shall be 
delivered by the Clerk of the Assembly or the Secretary 
of the Senate, as the bill may have originated in one House 
or the other, to a Joint Committee on Passed Bills, of 
two from each House, appointed as a Standing Commit- 
tee for that purpose, and shall be presented by said Com- 
mittee to the Governor for his approbation, it being first 
indorsed on the back of the bill certifying in which House 
the same originated, which indorsement shall be signed 
by ihe Secretary or Clerk, as the case may be, of the 
House in which the same did originate, and shall be en- 
tered on the Journal of each House. The said committee 
shall report on the day of presentation to the Governor, 
which time shall also be carefully entered on the Journai 
of each House. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 91 

STATE INSTITUTIONS. 



THE STATE CAFITOL. 

This edifice, a massive structure, erected et sundry times 
and various periods. Is located on West State street, at 
the comer of Delaware street, running thence westerly 
along State street to the grounds of the late ex-Chancellor 
Green, and southerly to the Water Power. The location 
Is a good one, and the building presents a very Imposing 
appearance. 

The seat of Government was fixed at Trenton by an act 
of the Legislature, approved November 25th, 1790. James 
Cooper, Thomas Lowery, James Ewlng, Maskell Ewing, 
George Anderson, James Mott and Moore Furman were 
appointed commissioners to select, purchase or accept so 
much land as was needed, and to erect thereon suitable 
buildings for the use of the Legislature. They purchased 
the present site, containing about three and three-quarters 
acres— a frontage on Second street (now West State street) 
of 247 feet and 6 Inches, and a depth from the front to low 
water line of the Delaware river of 666 feet— at a cost of 
£250 5s. The old State House was a plain, bare-looking, 
rough-cast building, and was erected at a cost of £3,992 
3s. %d. By an act of March 4th, 1795, a building was 
erected to serve as an office for the Secretary of State, 
and for the preservation of the public records, at a cost 
of £620 19s. lOd. Numerous improvements and repairs 
were made, and on March 3d, 1806, an act was passed ap- 
pointing commissioners to make certain repairs to the 
State House, to provide and hang a suitable bell, &c. This 
was done, and the bell was used for Informing the mem- 
bers of both houses, as well as the courts, of the hour 
of meeting. The bell was eventually discarded, and an 
American fiag substituted, which waves from the build- 
ing unto this day, when the Legislature Is In session, and 
upon holidays and State occasions. In 1848, the State 
House was altered by the removal of the rough-casting, 
and changing the front to the style cf the Mercer County 
Court House, placing neat porticoes over the front and 
rear entrances, and erecting two additional buildings ad- 
joining the main one, as offices for the Clerks of the 
Chancery and supreme Courts. The rotunda was also 
erected, and the grounds fenced, graded, laid out and 
shade trees planted, all at a cost of $27,000. The commis- 
sioners under whose direction the work was completed, 
were Samuel R. Gummere, Samuel R. Hamilton and 



92 THE STATE CAPITOL,. 

Stacy A. Paxson, In 1863, '64 and '65, appropriations were 
made and expended in building additions for the State 
Library, Executive Chambers, &c. In 1871, Charles S. 
Olden, Thomas J. Stryker and Lewis Perrine were ap- 
pointed commissioners to cause a suitable addition to be 
built— more commodious apartments for the Senate and 
Assembly, &c. The sum of $50,000 was appropriated, and 
the buildings for the Legislature were ready for occu- 
pancy in time for the meeting of the Legislature in 1872. 
In 1872, $120,000 was appropriated for completing the 
building, $3,000 for fitting up the Executive Chamber, 
$4,000 for fitting up the Chancery and Supreme Court 
rooms, and $2,000 for fitting up the offices on the first floor 
of the east wing. In 1873, the sum of $43,000 was appro- 
priated for the improvement of the front of the building, 
completing unfinished repairs and Improvements, and for 
fitting up the Library, «S:c. On March ISth, 1875, the sum 
of $15,000 was appropriated for the purpose of putting a 
new three-story front to the building, and to fit up offices 
on the second floor for the Clerks of the Court of Chan- 
cery and Supreme Court, and for providing a suitable mu- 
seum for geological specimens, and the battle-flags of 
New Jersey volunteer regiments, carried during the war 
of the Rebellion. 

On March 21st, 1885, the front portion was destroyed by 
fire, and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for rebuild- 
ing, and, in 1886, an additional appropriation of $225,000 
was granted. 

The new building was finished in 1889. It is of rectangu- 
lar shape and of the Renaissance stj'le of architecture, 
with a frontage of one hundred and sixty feet on State 
street, with a depth of sixty-seven feet, and three and a 
half stories high, with a rotunda thirty-nine feet acr'oss, 
which connects the new sectio nof the Capitol with the 
original part. The rotunda is surmounted by a dome one 
hundred and forty-five feet high. 

The building has about sixty feet more frontage than 
the former one, and approaches about ten feet nearer the 
street. 

The walls are constructed of solid, fire-proof, brick 
masonry, faced with a light-colored stone from Indiana, 
known as Salem Oolitic, with foundations and trimmings 
of New Jersey free stone, from the Prallsville quarries, 
in Hunterdon county. The portico, door-head and trim- 
mings about the door are of the same material. The por- 
tico, with balcony, is supported by massive pillars of pol- 
ished granite and surmounted by the coat of arms of the 
State. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 93 

The apartments used for offices are very spacious, fitted 
throughout In the most approved modern style, and each 
department Is supplied with one or more of the finest 
fire-proof vaults. The first and second stories are set 
aside for offices, and the entire third story is used for 
the State Library. This front portion, including the 
dome, was designed and constructed under the plans 
and supervision of L. H. Broome, architect, of Jersey 
City. 

The old State Library apartments have been improved 
and extended, and are now used as offices for the Attor- 
ney-General, State Superintendent of Public Instruction 
and Commissioner of Banking and Insurance. A new 
story was added, which is used for the Geological Mu- 
seum and State offices. 

In 1891, a new Assembly Chamber was erected. The old 
one was too small and poorly ventilated, and besides, 
there was a lack of suitable committee rooms. The Leg- 
islature of 1891 passed a Joint Resolution, which was ap- 
proved on March 20th, authorizing the Governor "to pro- 
vide a suitable chamber and committee rooms for the use 
of the General Assembly of this State," «&c., and also, 
"to make such additions and alterations as will afford the 
necessary accommodations for the Supreme Court and 
Court of Errors and Appeals, or for other State offices, 
and sufficient money Is hereby appropriated for that pur- 
pose, to be paid by the Treasurer of this State on the 
warrant of the Comptroller, after approval by the Gov- 
ernor." 

The new chamber was built by James W. Lanning, of 
Trenton, from plans prepared by James Moylan, of Jer- 
sey City, and under the superintendency of Bernard J. 
Ford of Newark. It covers the site of the former cham- 
ber, and extends beyond it to Delaware street on the 
east and to the water power on the south. It has a front- 
age on Delaware street of 120 feet and a depth of 75 feet. 
The exterior finish and design of the building are similar 
to the adjoining portion of the Capitol. The foundation 
is of brown stone, from the Stockton quarries, and the 
trimmings of light Indiana stone. The interior is finish 
ed in Trenton tile, quartered oak and Italian statuary 
marble. It is a fire-proof building throughout, and is 
specially ventilated. The committee rooms are ample and 
convenient, and the Interior design arrangement and fin- 
ish make it a model legislative chamber. It cost the 
State $140,500. The cost of the steam heating and ventilat- 
ing systems was about $25,000. 

The other new addition to the Capitol provides a consul- 



94 THE STATE LIBRARY. 

tatlon room for the Judges of the Supreme Court and the 
Court of Errors and Appeals and a private room for the 
Governor, a room for the Museum of the Geological Sur- 
vey, and other offices, and cost $34,500. 

An electric light apparatus was also placed in the Cap- 
itol, which cost $23,000. Every department In the build- 
ing is now lighted by electricity. 

Two Otis elevators have been placed In the building, 
which gives easy access to all the upper floors. 

In 1900 the Legislature appropriated $96,000 for additions 
and alterations to the Capitol, which Included the cost of 
an electric light plant. 

A new Senate Chamber was erected In 1903, and was 
ready for occupancy In 1904, at a cost of about $182,000. In 
1904 about $60,000 was expended for other improvements 
In the Capitol. 

Another addition was made to the Capitol In 1907 at 
a cost of about $100,000. It is a massive structure of a 
classical stj-le of architecture and is finished in stucco 
to match the rest of the Capitol. It contains four 
stories above a deep basement. The construction Is 
fire-proof, consisting of solid brick walls, steel beams 
and columns and concrete floors. The exterior is at- 
tractive with its classic lines and Indiana limestone 
trimmings. The structure was designed and all the 
plans drawn by George E. Poole, State Architect. 

In 1911 the Legislature made an appropriation of 
$60,000 for the extension of the west .wing of the front 
part of the building, and in 1912 $70,000 was appro- 
priated for the extension of the east wing. 

THE STATE LIBRARY. 

This valuable collection of books Is located on the third 
floor of the State Capitol. The old saying, "Great oaks 
from little acorns grow," most appropriately applies to 
this Institution. 

The first library of the State was a case ordered to be 
procured by Maskell Ewing, Clerk of the House of As- 
sembly, for the keeping and preservation of such books 
as belonged to the Legislature. It was ordered by a reso- 
lution passed March 18th, 1796. This was the nucleus of 
the present extensive library. On February 18th, 1804, 
William Coxe, of Burlington; Ezra Darby, of Essex, and 
John A. Scudder, of Monmouth, were appointed a Com- 
mittee on Rules to make a catalogue; they reported that 
there were 168 volumes belonging to the State, and pre- 
sented a code of seven rules, which was adopted. On 



THE STATE ARSENAL. 95 

February 10th, 1813, an act (the first one) was passed, en- 
titled "An act concerning the State Library." Up to 1822 
it appears that the Clerk of the House had charge of 
the books, as Librarian, and, on November 16th, 1822, an 
act was passed for the appointment of a State Librarian, 
annually, by joint meeting'. In 1846, on April 10th, an act 
was passed making the term of office three years. The 
Law Library at that time belonged to the members of 
the Law Library Association. The only persons allowed 
the use of the Library were members of the Association, 
the Chancellor, and the judges of the several courts. 
Stacy G. Potts was Treasurer and Librarian of the Asso- 
ciation. The Law Library was kept In the Supreme Court 
room until 1837, when the Legislature authorized the 
State Librarian to fit up a room adjoining the Library 
for the care and reception of the books and papers be- 
longing to the State Library. Thus the two Libraries 
wer consolidated. On March 13th, 1872, $5,000 per year for 
three years was appropriated for the Library by the Leg- 
islature, and by the act of March 15th, 1876, the sum of 
$2,500 was appropriated for finishing and refurnishing the 
Library room. In 1890, the Library was removed to the 
third story of the new part of the Capitol. 

In 1904 the Legislature made a special appropriation of 
$15,000 for the installation of steel stacks, and the shelf- 
space was doubled. There is room now for more than 
125,000 books and pamphlets. About the same time the 
decimal classification system was introduced and the 
work of making a modern card catalogue begun, which 
was practically finished in 1905. 

THE STATE ARSENAL. 

The building now used as the State Arsenal was form- 
erly the old State Prison. It is situate on Second street, 
in the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton, and has on its 
front the following inscription: 

Labor, Silence, Penitence. 

The Penitentiary House. 

Erected by Legislative Authority. 

Richard Howell, Governor. 

In the XXII. Year of American 

Independence, MDCCXCVIL 

That Those Who Are Feared For Their 

Crimes May Learn to Fear the Laws 

And be Useful. 

Hie Labor, Hoc Opus. 



96 STATE HOSPITALS. 

In the messages of Governors P. D, Vroom and S. L, 

Southard, recommending- the erection of the new prison, 
it was proposed that the old one be converted into an 
Arsenal for the safe keeping of the arms and military 
property of the State, which, previous to that time, had 
been kept in the old State Bank, corner of Warren and 
Bank streets, with accoutrements and camp and garrison 
equipage at the State House. After the removal of the 
State convicts from the old prison, permission was given 
to the county of Mercer to occupy it as a jail until its 
jail, then in course of completion, was finished, and when 
it was again vacated it was converted into an arsenal. 

Among the stores, &c., at the Arsenal are one bronze 
gun, French, of the date of 1758; two bronze guns, Eng- 
lish, four-pounders, and two iron six-pounders. There is 
also one gun captured at the battle of Trenton, December 
26th, 1776, and two guns captured at Yorktown, October 
19th, 1781. There are also a large quantity of fire-arms, 
ammunition, ordnance, tents, clothing, blankets, &c. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Trenton. 

This institution is located on the right bank of the 
Delaware River, about two miles northwest of the 
City Hall. The buildings are constructed of reddish 
sandstone, obtained from quarries near the hospital, 
and are located on an elevation of about seventy-five 
feet above the river. The front of the Main, or Ad- 
ministration Building, is ornamented by a handsome 
porch of Ionic architecture, designed by the celebrated 
Notman, from which may be obtained one of the finest 
landscape views in the State. 

In 1844, after repeated and unsuccessful attempts 
to cause action to be taken by the Legislature for 
the building of a State institution for the special care 
and treatment of the insane, a commission was ap- 
pointed, chiefly through the earnest efforts of Dr. 
Lyndon A. Smith, of Essex, and Dr. Lewis Condict, 
of Morris, and the eminent philanthropist, Miss D. L. 
Dix, to select a site. An appropriation of $35,000 was 
made to purchase the land and to commence the erec- 
tion of the building. The present site was selected 
by the commissioners from among many that were 
offered in various sections of the State, because of 



STATE HOSPITALS. 97 

the large spring of excellent water found on the place. 
This spring- was developed, and furnished a daily 
supply of about one-half million of gallons of pure 
water for many years. In the severe drought of 1880 
the supply was greatly diminished, falling off nearly 
two hundred and fifty thousand gallons. In 1907 the 
city sewer, running about 200 feet from the spring, 
burst or overflowed, and this caused contamination of 
the water supply, resulting in a typhoid epidemic, so 
that it was necessary to discontinue the use of the 
spring. At present the hospital is supplied with 
water by six artesian wells, one of which gives 150 
gallons of water per minute. The spring has been 
filled up, and thus an important landmark destroyed. 

Work was commenced on the main building in No- 
vember of 1845, and the hospital was opened for the 
reception of patients on the 15th day of May, 1848. 
Numerous additions have been made from time to 
time to the building, increasing its capacity. 

In 1887 the Legislature passed an act appropriating 
$100,000 for providing additional accommodations. The 
new building is a handsome structure of red sand- 
stone, and similar to that used In the main building. 
This is five hundred feet long, three stories in height, 
and capable of accommodating three hundred patients, 
one hundred and fifty of each. The building Is de- 
signed to accommodate the chronic incurable class, 
and was a great relief from the overcrowded state 
tliat existed in the main building prior to its comple- 
tion. The building was completed within the appro- 
priation, and opened for the reception of patients 
In the month of October, 1889. 

Much has been done for the comfort and pleasure 
of the patients. A greenhouse has been erected for 
the purpose of furnishing plants and flowers for the 
patients' corridors, handsome pictures adorn the 
walls, and everything about the hospital presents a 
comfortable and homelike appearance. 

The institution possesses a library, one of the larg- 
est, if not the largest, in this country, connected with 
a hospital for the insane. The books are accessible 
to all members of the household. They have been 
freely used, and do much to relieve the monotony of 
many an hour of hospital life. The library now con- 
sists of about 4,000 volumes, and Is the result of the 
bequest of a former nurse (Anne Robinson) who, by 



98 STATE HOSPITALS. 

will, bequeathed her earnings for several years as a 
nurse and attendant in this hospital. She made the 
bequest, as she herself expressed it when making her 
will, for the purpose of purchasing- books to be used 
for the pleasure and benefit of those to whom she 
had, for so many years, endeavored to minister. 

During the year 1898 a handsome amusement room, 
capable of seating about four hundred, was finished; 
also, a large and commodious chapel, in which relig- 
ious exercises are held every Sunday, when various 
clergymen, without regard to denominational prefer- 
ence, officiate. The new chapel is capable of seating 
about five hundred patients. In 1904-1905 an appro- 
priation of $250,000 was made for the erection of two 
additional wings to the annex building, which will 
accommodate 400 more patients. In 1905 the Legisla- 
ture appropriated $12,500 for the construction of fire 
escapes. 

A few years ago a modern laboratory building was 
erected, and at the present time is fully equipped for 
scientific work. 

In 1907 the new wings, spoken of above, were opened 
for the reception of patients, so that now the hospital 
is not overcrowded. 

In 1908 the Legislature appropriated $111,000 for 
extraordinary improvements, which included instal- 
lation of modern plumbing throughout the buildings, 
also tilirtg for toilet rooms, water sections, etc. 

Two buildings for tuberculosis patients, male and 
female, have been erected, and will accommodate 
twenty-five, each known as the "open air" ward. 

Since January 1st, 1908, there has been no mechan- 
ical restraint of any kind used in the hospital. All 
restraint apparatus, chairs, straight jackets, straps, 
etc., have been removed from the hospital building, 
and are stored away where no one can get at them. 

During the year 1909 the plumbing and tiling of the 
old building was completed, and the sanitary arrange- 
ments for the hospital have been considered by those 
competent to judge, to be the best of any public insti- 
tution of this character. 

In both the male and female departments a hydro- 
therapeutic apparatus has been installed for giving the 
continuous bath treatment. This apparatus was made 
especially for the hospital, and has given satisfactory 
service in the treatment of acutely excited cases. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 99 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $103,000 for ex- 
traordinary improvements. Two farms in the neigh- 
borhood of Trenton Junction have been purchased, 
which will add 250 acres of farm land to the hospital. 
A new laundry has been erected and equipped with 
modern machinery, at a cost of $30,000. 

The Legislature appropriated $2,800 for research 
work, which enables the hospital to employ two 
trained field workers who go out in the community 
and look up facts regarding the patients' heredity 
and personal history, which gives valuable informa.- 
tion to the medical history. Tliey also engage in, 
"after care" work, i. e., in visiting discharged patients 
at certain intervals, investigating their condition, and 
reporting to the hospital any unusual conditions which 
have any bearing on the recurrence of mental disease. 
During the years 1910 and 1911 $5,000 has been spent 
for furniture for the wards. The Legislature of 1912 
appropriated $165,000 for new buildings, including 
one for the criminal insane, 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Morris Plains (P. O. Greystone Park). 

Further provision for the accommodation of the In- 
sane being made necessary by the overcrowded con- 
dition of the State Hospital at Trenton, the Legislature 
of 1871 appointed a commission to select a site and 
build a hospital in the northern part of the State. 

At a cost of $78,732.36 a tract of 408 acres of land, 
beautifully situated in the hills of Morris County, 
was purchased and work on the hospital buildings 
begun. 

Additional tracts of land have since been purchased 
at a cost of $32,318.00, making a total of 852 acres, 
at a total cost of $111,050. The original building, now 
known as the "Main Building," was erected, at a cost 
of $2,511,622. The "Dormitory Building" and a new 
reservoir, made necessary by its construction, cost, 
when completed, about $650,000; a new laundry build- 
ing, $18,200; the nurses' cottage, $20,000, and in 1907 
the annual appraisement placed the personal prop- 
erty of the hospital at $294,709, thus making the total 
cost of the entire plant approximately $3,605,581. 

The location is ideal for an institution caring for 



100 STATE HOSPITALS. 

the mentally afflicted, and is unsurpassed in this par- 
ticular by any similar institution in the United States. 
The building-s command a magnificent view of the 
surrounding- country, and the air is cool and balmy In 
Summer and crisp and stimulating in Winter. 

The main building, opened in 1876, is four stories 
in height, 1,243 feet in length, 542 in depth, and has 
ten acres of floor space, it contains the executive 
offices, receptions rooms, medical library, chapel, 
amusement hall and forty wards, which, when crowded 
to their full capacity, will accommodate 1,200 patients. 

In 1901 the dormitory building was completed. It 
is situated 1,200 feet in the rear of the main building, 
accommodates 600 patients, and is constructed on the 
day room and dormitory plan. On the fourth floor 
of the building are well-equipped pathological and 
chemical laboratories, five splendidly-lighted rooms on 
the top floor of the northeast tower being devoted to 
this work. The laboratories have been well equipped 
with many of the latest and best instruments for the 
prosecution of scientific, clinical and research work, 
and have proved to be a highly important adjunct to 
the purely psychiatric work of the hospital. 

A cottage for nurses was built in 1906. This is a 
three-story brick building, trimmed with sandstone, 
and is situated in front and to the south of the main 
group of buildings. It is within easy access of the 
female wards, and affords sleeping quarters for forty 
female nurses, who formerly, after working daily fif- 
teen hours with the insane, were compelled to spend 
their nights in the wards, in close proximity to noisy 
and disturbed patients. In addition to furnishing ac- 
commodation for the night, the cottage has a recep- 
tion room and library, where the nurses may spend 
their time when off duty. 

In order to give the hospital a better mail service, 
the United States government, on March 23, 1908, es- 
tablished a new post office in the main building of the 
hospital, and named it Greystone Park. The mail 
matter of the institution was formerly handled at 
Morris Plains post office, which is one and one-half 
miles from the building. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $15,000 for the 
erection of a new fire house. This fire house provides 
stabling quarters for two horses and sleeping room for 



STATE HOSPITALS. 101 

twenty male employes who are always to be members 
of the fire department. 

The same Legislature appropriated $40,000 for the 
erection of a male nurses' home. This building accom- 
modates seventy-six men nurses. 

A cold storage plant has been added to the institu- 
tion which produces five tons of ice per day and also 
provides a room for the storage of hospital food sup- 
plies. 

The Legislature of 1911 made an appropriation of 
$15,000 for a dynamo and building, and there was also 
appropriated $10,000 for a building for the segregation 
of tubercular patients. The same Legislature also ap- 
propriated $8,000 for screening the windows of the 
main building and dormitory building. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $69,000 for 
new buildings and alterations. 

A Training School for Nurses was established in 
1894 and it has proved to be of great advantage to the 
hospital in the humane care and treatment of the in- 
sane. A graded three-years' course is given to the 
nurses and consists of lectures and practical demon- 
strations given by the medical staff in anatomy, physi- 
ology, materia medica and therapeutics, chemistry and 
toxicology, obstetrics and gynecology, genito-urinary 
diseases, practice of medicine, minor surgery, practical 
bedside nursing and bandaging. The course is com- 
pulsory upon all who are employed as attendants, and 
since the establishment of the school, 192 persons have 
been granted diplomas. 

Further provision for the scientific treatment of 
patients has been made by the equipment of rooms, 
both in the male and in the female departments, with 
complete hydrotherapeutic apparatus and by the 
installation of electrotherapeutic appliances, and a 
powerful static machine in a room in the main build- 
ing, convenient to both male and female departments. 

A room has also been set apart and fully equipped 
with instruments and appliances for the examination 
and treatment of patients suffering from diseased 
conditions of the eye, ear, nose and throat. 

The medical library contains over 1,300 volumes 6t 
carefully-selected text books and reference works on 
medical and other scientific subjects, together with 
well'-bound volumes of the annual reports of every hos- 



102 NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 

pital for the insane in the United States, Canada, South 
American States and many of the countries in Europe. 

Among- the many improvements added in recent 
years is a new system of keeping case records. The 
complete record of each patient from the time he en- 
ters the hospital until he is discharged is kept in a 
separate envelope, filed vertically in steel cabinets 
especially constructed for the purpose. The files are 
thoroughly cross-indexed, which permits of needful in- 
formation being rapidly and easily obtained in any 
given case. 

Additional protection from fire has been provided 
by equipping the hospital with the Kirker-Bender type 
of fire escape. 

Fire drills are held at regular intervals so that the 
patients may become familiar with the location of the 
fire escapes and accustom themselves to their use so 
as to enable them in the event of fire to go through 
this means out of danger in an orderly and expeditious 
manner. 

The hospital has equipped Dental Rooms with the 
latest and most modern appliances, thus enabling the 
Visiting Dentist to do scientific work for the patients 
needing dental attention. 



STATE NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS 

at Trenton. 

These schools are the property of the State, and are 
located at the junction of Perry street and Clinton ave- 
nue, Trenton. There are two buildings, the school 
building' on the west side of Clinton avenue, and the 
boarding halls and dormitories, situated on the east 
side of the avenue. These schools were established 
in 1855 by an act of the Legislature. The purpose 
of the Normal School was defined to be "the train- 
ing and education of its pupils in such branches of knowl- 
edge, and such methods of teaching and governing, as 
will qualify them for teachers of our common schools." 
The Model School was designed to be a place where "the 
pupils of the Normal School shall have opportunity to 
observe and practice the modes of instruction and disci- 
pline inculcated in the Normal School. 



NORMAL AND MODEL. SCHOOLS. 103 

The Normal School has four different courses of , 
study, as follows: First, a two years' general course 
for graduates of four years' high school courses; 
second, a two yea,rs' kindergarten course for grad- 
uates of four years' high school courses; third, a two 
years' domestic science course for graduates of four 
years' high school courses; fourth, a four years' 
high school teachers' course, equivalent to a teachers' 
college course. Also special music courses in voice 
training, piano and violin. 

The Model School begins with the kindergarten and 
includes a full secondary or high school curriculum. 
It offers three courses: the classical, Latin scientific 
and English. 

The buildings are equipped with laboratories, gym- 
nasium, and the modern appliances necessary to good 
work. 

The following figures show the first cost to the State 
and the present valuation of the Normal School prop- 
erty. The first cost to the State has been supplemented 
from time to time by tlie contributions of private individ- 
uals, and by balances from the Boarding Hall receipts 
after meeting the annual expenses of the Hall. It 
includes also an industrial arts course in co-operation 
with the Trenton School of Industrial Arts, 

FIRST COST TO THE STATE. 

Original Normal and Model School 

Buildings $3S,000 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 

Appropriation of 1891 3,000 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 

Appropriation of 1903 5,000 

$133,000 

Original Boarding Halls $30,000 

Sundry Annual Appropriations 67,075 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 

$137,075 

Total $270,075 



104 MONTCLAIR NORMAL. SCHOOL. 

PRESENT VALUATION. 

Original School Building-s $51,000 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 

Appropriation of 1913 85,000 

Furniture and apparatus 30,000 

$266,000 

Boarding- Halls $71,000 

North Wing, 1893 30,000 

Prir.clpal's residence, 1893 16,000 

Buildings and lot, 1899 20,400 

Sundry Annual Appropriations 67,075 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 

Furniture 50,000 

294,475 

Grounds 115,000 

Appropriation 1913 16,000 

Total $691,475 

The enrollments in 1855 were as follows: Normal 
School, 43; Model School, 125. For the year ending 
June 30th, 1913, these enrollments had increased to 
581 in the Normal and 494 in the Model. During its 
history the Normal School has graduated 5,356 stu- 
dents. 

The Principals of the schools have been as follows: Wil- 
liam F. Phelps, A, M., October 1st, 1855, to March 15th, 
1865; John S. Hart, L.L.. D., March 15th, 1865, to February 
7th, 1871; Lewis M. Johnson, A. M., February 7th, 1871, to 
July 1st, 1876; Washington Hasbrouck, Ph. D.. July 1st, 
1876, to February 10th, 1889; James M. Green, Ph. D., LL. 
D., February 10th, 1889, to the present. 

THE NEW JERSEY STATE 1VOR3IAL. SCHOOL. 

at Montclair, Essex Count5^ 
The increasing demand for professionally trained 
teachers, and the inability of the State Normal School, 
at Trenton, to meet it, led to the passage of a resolu- 
tion by the Legislature of 1902 directing the State 
Board of Education to investigate as to the need of in- 
creased normal school accommodations and how be?r. 
to provide them, should the board find the present 
accommodations inadequate. 



MONTCLAIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 105 

In its study of the question the board discovered 
that there were 7,561 teachers In the public schools 
of the State, and that of this number 2,224 were grad- 
uates of normal schools, 457 were college graduates, 
and 1,663 graduates of city training schools, leaving 
3,217 teachers, or nearly one-half of the entire num- 
ber, who had not had any special training. Of the 
graduates of normal schools employed, nearly forty 
per cent, came from other States, notwithstanding the 
fact that the New Jersey State Normal School, at 
Trenton, was working to its full capacity. 

In its report to the Legislature in 1903 the board 
recommended that a normal school be erected in the 
northern part of the State. In 1904 the Legislature 
appropriated $25,000 for the purchase of a site. The 
board, after inspecting numerous sites, finally pur- 
chased a plot in the northern part of Montclair, in 
Essex County, at a cost of $25,000. The plot contains 
twenty-five acres and is 400 feet above sea level, giv- 
ing an uninterrupted view of Newark and surrounding 
towns and of the bridges and skyscrapers of New 
York City. The plot is large enough to accommodate 
the school building and dormitories, should it be found 
necessary in the future to provide them, and also lo 
give a large campus and sufficient ground for illus- 
trating methods of teaching agriculture, which will 
in the near future be as important a subject In the 
curriculum of a well organized normal school as illus- 
trating the methods of teaching chemistry or litera- 
ture is at present. Within a radius of ten miles from 
the site selected there is a population of more than 
one million. 

In 1906 the Legislature appropriated $275,000 for 
the erection and furnishing of the building. The plans 
were prepared by State Architect George B. Poole and 
Assistant Architect Francis H. Bent, of the Depart- 
ment of Charities and Corrections. The mission style 
of architecture was adopted, and the material is brick 
covered with pure white stucco, the roof being red tile. 
The building is 334 feet long and 133 feet deep, the 
centre and wings projecting. In front is an esplanade 
260 feet long and 44 feet wide, protected by a con- 
crete wall from which steps descend to the lawn. 

In the basement are the manual training and do- 
mestic science rooms, four rooms for observation 



106 MONTCLAIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 

classes, locker and dressing rooms, showers, recrea- 
tion and lunch rooms. 

On the main floor are the board room, the princi- 
pal's offices, a library 32x60 feet, the study hall and 
g-ymnasium, each 57x76 feet, two large lecture rooms 
and eight class rooms. The study hall and gymnasium 
have ceilings twenty-five feet high, giving ample 
space for gallery and running track, respectively. 

On the second floor is the drawing room, 32x60 feet, 
with high ceiling and north light, three lecture rooms, 
large laboratories for chemistry, physics, botany and 
zoology, and dark rooms for photography. Teachers' 
rooms are provided on each floor. 

The finish is in hard pine, except the study hall, 
which is in white and gold. The study hall will also 
be used as the auditorium. The walls of the labora- 
tories are of white tile and the floors of cement. The 
walls of the gymnasium are of cream-colored brick. 

The heating and ventilating plant is in a separate 
structure, located some distance from the main build- 
ing. The cost of the buildings, exclusive of furniture 
and grading, will be less than $250,000. 

The school was formally opened on Monday, Sep- 
tember 28, 1908. Addresses were made by Governor 
Fort, President Hays, of the State Board of Education, 
Edward Russ, chairman of the Building Committee, 
and others. 

The regular sessions of the school began September 
15, 1908, with an attendance of 187 pupils. 

A class of 45 teachers was graduated in June, 1910, 
and 145 teachers were graduated in June, 1911. The 
membership of the school for the year ending June 30, 
1911, was 443. The demand for graduates of the 
school far exceeds the supply, and all graduates are 
now employed in teaching. 

The Principal is Dr. Charles S. Chapin, formerly 
Principal of the Rhode Island State Normal School. 

The school may be reached in three ways: 

1. By Erie Railroad — ^Greenwood Lake Division. The 
Montclair Heights station adjoins the grounds of the 
Normal School. 

2. By D. L. and W. Railroad to Montclair station, 
thence by Valley Road trolley to the grounds. 

3. By Bloomfield Avenue trolley with transfer at 
Valley Road to Valley Road trolley. 



NEWARK NORMAL SCHOOL. 107 

Passengers by the Pennsylvania Railroad to Newark 
can take Bloomfield Avenue trolley at Newark station. 

Passengers by the Central Railroad of New Jersey 
to Newark can take Bloomfield Avenue trolley at cor- 
ner of Market and Broad Streets, Newark. 



THE NEW JERSEY STATE NOR3IAL, SCHOOL. 

at Newark. 

The new State School building is centrally located 
between Broad street and Belleville avenue, at the 
intersection of Fourth avenue, and occupies, including 
its spacious grounds, an entire city block. The archi- 
tecture of the building is dignified as well as pictur- 
esque and is enhanced by the sunken garden, masses 
of bloom and hedges. The interior has been greatly 
admired for the beauty of its colov scheme, its fine 
appointments and educational features. The building 
is equipped with an auditorium, gymnasium, labora- 
tories, manual training shops, sewing rooms, art 
rooms and spacious, well-ventilated class rooms for 
normal work. Special features are the demonstration 
rooms with raised seats, lecture rooms, conference 
rooms, a fine library, study halls and a splendidly 
equipped kitchen and dining room. The building also 
has a modern system of heating, lighting and ventil- 
ating and excellent sanitary conditions. 

This new building opened its doors under State con- 
trol September 16th, 1913, with an enrollment of 450 
students and a waiting list. It may be of interest to 
note that the school is so centrally located that only 
two students requested boarding places in the city of 
Newark, The trolley and railroad facilitie3 are such 
that they can readily come and return to their homes. 
A dozen prominent high schools are within forty 
minutes of the school. 

A large practice school is connected witla the Nor- 
mal where students are trained under actual school 
conditions and the aim is to graduate an efllcient 
corps of teachers for the public schools of the State. 

The Principal of the new State School is W. Spader 
Willis, who for fourteen years was Principal of the 
City Normal School at Newark. 



1C8 STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 



THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

"The New Jersey State Reform School" wa« estab- 
lished by act of the Legislature approved April 6th, 1865. 
A farm of 490 acres was purchased for the purpose near 
Jamesburg, Middlesex county. 

The first boy was received July 6th, 1867. Its first Sup- 
erintendent was Rev. Luther H. Sheldon, who was in 
office from April 10th, 1867, till April 1st, 1874, and was 
succeeded by James H. Eastman, who was Superinten- 
dent from April 1st, 1874, till September 15th, 1884. Upon 
his withdrawal Ira Otterson was made acting Superin- 
tendent, and on December 10th, 1884, he was elected Sup- 
erintendent. In 1902 Mr. Otterson was succeeded by John 
Wildes who, March 1, 1904, gave way to John C. Kalleen. 
In 1900 the name of The Reform School was changed to 
the State Home for Boys. 

Since founding the school, beside the Administration 
building, there have been erected on the campus eight 
family buildings (two of them double buildings), capa- 
ble of accommodating fifty boys each, a chapel, hos- 
pital, store and cook house, industrial building, elec- 
tric light, heat and power, generating station and 
farm buildings, conservatory, up-to-date cow barn, 
piggery, all of brick, many of the buildings con- 
structed with bricks manufactured by the boys on 
the place. 

Besides domestic and farm labor, all boys are Instruct- 
ed in the rudiments of an English school education, and 
many receive instruction in shorthand and typewrit- 
ing and in the different mechanical branches and 
band music. 

In 1900 there was erected by boys' labor, under regular 
instructors, a building 40 by 100 feet, two stories high, in 
which are established schools for trade teaching. In 
1910, in this building, a complete outfit of machinery 
consisting of a planer, mortiser, universal and band 
saw, and others necessary to make it complete was 
supplied. While in the past, so far as the accommoda- 
tions would permit, a number of boys have received 
instruction in mechanical trades, and with the accom- 
modations furnished in the new building, a greater 
number of boys receive a more thorough knowledge 
in lines of skilled handicraft, which will the better 
prepare them to become good citizens. 



THE STATE PRISON. 109 

During 1910 the cow and dairy barn have been re- 
modeled and rebuilt, and the Legislature of 1910 appro- 
priated $40,000 with which to erect a central school 
building. The Legislature of 1912 appropriated 
$40,000 for the erection of a double cottage. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

This Institution Is located on the line of the Trenton 

Branch of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, in 
the City of Trenton, near the Trenton State Hospital, and 
is located on a farm of about 79 acres of land. A sub- 
stantial building was erected at a cost of $23,334, and 
other improvements since made bring the value of the 
place, with furniture, &c., up to $186,622. The value 
of the land is $16,700. Previous to the erection of 
the new building, the school was at "Pine Grove," 
in the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton. This place 
had been leased so as to afford room for persons sen- 
tenced under the act of April 4th, 1871, and a subsequent 
act. The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the 
erection of an additional building. In 1900 and 1901 about 
$31,000 was spent for improvements and the Legislature 
of 1905 appropriated $36,000 for the erection of a new 
cottage and about $9,000 for various other improve- 
ments. On February 11th, 1910, a new administration 
building, named the "Fort Cottage," was formally 
opened. It is the counterpart of Washington's head- 
quarters at Morristown, N. J., and had served as New 
Jersey headquarters at the Jamestown, Virginia, Ex- 
position. It is most elaborately furnished with every- 
thing suggestive of the colonial period. A new cot- 
tage costing $25,000 was erected in 1911 and 1912 to 
house twenty-five little girls. The Legislature of 
1912 appropriated $16,700 for the erection of an in- 
firmary and barn. 

The institution is for girls between the ages of ten 
and nineteen years who may be committed to it by 
the courts. 

THE STATE PRISON. 

The New Jersey State Prison, situated on the block en- 
closed by Federal, Third, Cass and Second streets, in the 
city of Trenton, Is one of the finest institutions of Its 
kind in the country. Its erection was authorized by an 
act of the Legislature passed February 13th, 1832, and it 
was completed In the year 1836, having 150 cells, at a cost 
of $179,657,11. It was built of red sand-stone, from the 



110 THE STATE PRISON. 

Ewing quarries, and the style of its architecture is Egyp- 
tian, having four Egyptian columns in front of the main 
entrance, on Third street. It consists of a main building, 
used as a residence for the Keeper and as reception 
rooms and offices. From time to time the prison has been 
enlarged, and although there is not sufficient room to 
afford separate confinement for each prisoner, as requir- 
ed by law, the provisions of the act are carried out as far 
as possible. The rules and regulations now in force have 
brought the internal affairs of the institution, as to clean- 
liness, discipline, victualing, &c., to a much higher stand- 
ard than was ever before reached, and a visit thereto will 
convince the visitor that the management is as perfect 
as can be. 

Previous to the year 1798 there was no State Prison, 
and prisoners were confined in the county jails. On 
March 1st, 1797, Jonathan Doane was appointed by an act 
of the Legislature us an agent to purchase a lot of land 
from Peter Hunt, situate at Lamberton, containing six 
and a half acres, and to erect suitable buildings thereon. 
This was done at an expense of £9,842 Os. 3d., and what Is 
now the State Arsenal, at Second and Cass streets, is 
the result. Solitary confinement was not practiced pre- 
vious to 1836, in which year the old prison was vacated 
and the present one occupied. 

On March 4th, 1847, $5,000 was appropriated to build an 
additional wing to the original building. On March 25th, 
1852, $15,000 was granted for the erection of a new wing 
for hospital purposes. On March 22d, 1860, the sum of 
$17,000 was voted for the purpose of building an additional 
wing for cells, and on February 16th, 1861, a further sum 
of $2,243.01 was appropriated to complete the same. On 
April 16th, 1868, $6,000 was appropriated for the building of 
an additional wing to provide room for female convicts. 
An act passed April 2d, 1869, provided for the appoint- 
ment of commissioners to extend the grounds of the 
prison to the wall of the State Arsenal, to build an ad- 
ditional wing and workshops, and made an appropriation 
of $50,000 for that purpose, and In the same month $9,734 
was appropriated for the purpose of completing the wing 
of the female department. On April 4th, 1871, the sum 
of $75,000 was appropriated for the purpose of completing 
the new or past wingr, and on April 4th. 1872. a further 
sum of $28,700 was appropriated for the completion of the 
same. March 3d, 1874, $12,000 was voted for the con- 
struction of gas works for the supply of Illuminating gas 



HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. Ill 

for the prison. On March 8th, 1877, the sum of $100,000 
was appropriated for the enlargement of the prison and 
the purchase of a burial ground for deceased convicts. 
The north wing was remodeled out of this last appro- 
priation and a burial ground purchased. The Legislature 
of 1895 appropriated $150,000 for the enlargement and im- 
provement of the prison. The Legislature of 1899 appro- 
priated $14,000 for alterations \n the women's wing of the 
prison. In 1905 $250,000 was appropriated for the erection 
of a new wing, and it was finished in 1907. The addi- 
tion, which is at the northeast corner of the institu- 
tion, is one of the most complete in the United States. 
There are five tiers, each having seventy cells. The 
interior is wholly of steel and concrete. The cells are 
separated from the outer walls by a passageway for 
the keepers and the entire section of each tier is com- 
pletely enclosed in a cage of steel. Thirty-five cells 
are controlled by a combination locking device, al- 
though any one cell door or a series of doors can be 
thrown open by a lever system from the end of the 
corridor where the locking device is located. Between 
the cell sections there is a narrow utility court from 
which the ventilation is controlled and v/here the sani- 
tary parts can be reached without any necessity for 
going into the cells. Each cell has a steel cot, porce- 
lain washstand and sanitary arrangement and Is light- 
ed by electricity. Special attention has been given to 
ventilation. A death house was also built on the prison 
grounds in 1907 to comply with the law regarding the 
electrocution of persons condemned to death. 

THE NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED 
SOLDIERS. 

• This Institution is located in Kearny, Hudson county. 
It originated in the mind of Governor Marcus L. Ward 
just before the close of the Civil War. His petition to 
the Legislatures of 1863-64 resulted in the passage of an 
act on April 12th, 1864, appointing himself, ex-Governors 
Daniel Haines, William A. Newell and Charles S. Olden, 
and Edwin A. Stevens and Rynear H. Veghte as com- 
missioners to examine Into and report on the subject. On 
February 1, 1865. they made their report to Governor 
Parker and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for the 
desired purpose. Grounds were purchased in the city of 
Newark and in March, 1866, the same commissioners were 



112 HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, ETC. 

appointed managers of the Home. The board appointed 
Colonel A. N. Dougherty, Commandant; Rev. Samuel T. 
Moore, Superintendent and Chaplain, and Dr. A. M. Mills, 
Surgeon, of the Home. It was opened for reception on 
July 4th, 1866. For twenty-two years the Home remained 
in Newark, when a new site was selected in Kearny. This 
comprises . about sixteen acres and $225,000 was appro- 
priated for the buildings, furnishings, &c. On October 
4th, 1888, the old home was vacated and the new home 
occupied. The New Jersey Home is the parent of similar 
institutions throughout the country. In order to gain ad- 
mission to the Home the applicant must have served in 
the army, navy or marine service and been honorably 
discharged therefrom. He must have lived In the State 
for at least two years next preceding- date of applica- 
tion, or have served in a New Jersey organization, 
and must be unable to earn a living for himself by man- 
ual labor. Since 1888 various additions have beei< 
made. 

IVEAV JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 
SAILORS OR MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

Vineland. 
This Home was organized in 1898, the sum of $5,000 ha 
ing been appropriated for the purpose. A plot of ground, 
comprising 20 acres, and a building containing about 75 
rooms and basement, situated in the town of Vineland, 
were purchased for a Home, and in 1899 an additional 
appropriation of $21,500 was made to pay for the prop- 
erty. In the same year the sum of $20,000 was appro- 
priated for altering, repairing and furnishing the build- 
ings. In 1900 a special appropriation of $13,000 was made 
for new floors, porches, laundry machinery, engine and 
boiler and furniture. The Home was opened in Decem- 
ber, 1899. for the admission of inmates and the first were 
admitted January 2d. 1900. In 1901 the sum of $7,700 was 
appropriated for an elevator, alterations and appliances, 
making the cost of building and land $67,200. In 1903 nine 
acres of additional land was purchased at a cost of $2,000 
and the same year an act was passed by the Legislature 
providing for the care and maintenance of widows of vet- 
erns, and the sum of $28,000 was appropriated for the con- 
struction and furnishing of buildings necessary to carry 
out the provisions of the act. An additional sum of $2,500 
was appropriated for extra work and the building was 



SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 113 

completed and ready for occupancy in July, 1904. 
Since, then two new wings, each eighty feet long and 
containing some 120 rooms, have been added, and a 
separate boiler house in the rear of the main build- 
ings erected. A new heating and lighting plant has 
been installed, and other marked improvements for 
the care and comforts of the inmates completed. In 
1912 the Legislature appropriated $30,000 for a new 
hospital. 

SCHOOL, FOR THE DEAF. 

This institution, which is located at Trenton, Is a part 
of the public school system of the State, and is open to 
deaf residents of the State between the ages of six and 
twenty-one years. The pupils are instructed in the 
branches of common-school education, and are also train- 
ed in some handicraft. Speech is taught to all who can 
acquire it, and with such success that in some classes it 
becomes the principal means of communication. 

The industrial department is larger and better equip- 
ped than in most schools of this kind. From the printing 
office is issued monthly a paper, the Silent Worker, 
which, in point of mechanical execution and of quality 
of contents, ranks as the best issued from any institution 
In the country. All the work on this paper is performed 
by pupils of the school. 

The wood-working department, under the charge of a 
graduate of a technical school of high rank, has a course 
in which theory and practice are united in an unusual de- 
gree. 

A course of kindergarten work, especially adapted to 
the deaf child, has been worked out in the school, and 
has been followed by some of the best schools of the kind 
in this country. 

A building for hospital purposes, designed in accord- 
ance with the best modern practice and ample to meet 
any possible need, was opened in 1899. 

The attendance of pupils has risen from 125 in June, 
1896, until at the present time it is about 170. 

The school possesses a well chosen library, which at 
present contains about 4,000 volumes, and is rapidly 
growing. 



114 SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 



aOMB FOR THE CARE AND TRAINING OF FEEBLE- 
MINDED WOMEN. 

Vlneland. 

This Institution was established by virtue of the act of 
March 27th, 1888. the late S, Clin Garrison, who drafted 
the original law, being its first superintendent. On No- 
vember 7th, of the same year, he was succeeded by Mary 
J. Dunlap, M.D., and then by Dr. Madeleine A. Hallo- 
well. Upon org-anization of the first board of mana- 
gers, the late Hon. Alexander G. Catell, of Camden 
county, was chosen President, a place he acceptably 
filled until his death. He was succeeded by the Hon. 
Benjamin F. Lee, of Mercer county. Clerk of the Su- 
preme Court, who occupied the position until his 
death in 1909. Mrs. Emily E. H. Williamson, of 
Union county, was secretary of the board from its 
org-anization until her death in 1909. The first 
treasurer was the Hon. Belmont Perry, of Gloucester 
county, he being succeeded by ex-Senator Philip P. 
Baker, of Cumberland county; the late Senator Barton 
F. Thorn, of Burlington county, and George B. Thorn, 
Esq., of Burlington county, the present incumbent. 
Harry H. Pond was elected President in 1909. 

As its official title suggests, this institution has for its 
object the care and training of feeble minded women: 
Its location in a peculiarly healthful and fertile portion 
of the State, the plan and scope of the buildings, as well 
as their equipment and the employment of modern ad- 
ministrative methods, make the Home a subject for fav- 
orable comparison with any similar institution in the 
country. The property consists of about 50 acres. 

The most conspicuous building of the Home Is that de- 
voted to purposes of administration and Instruction, In- 
cluding dormitories and a gymnasium. There Is also a 
laundry, a power-house, with heating apparatus, and 
pump for raising the sewage of the home Into the Vine- 
land system. Fire escapes and a water tower give pro- 
tection to the State's wards. All the buildings are light- 
ed with gas or electricity. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $60,000 for a 
new dormitory, &c. 



STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 115 

TRAINING SCHOOL, FOR FEEBLE-MINDED 
CHILDREN. 

Vineland. 

This public institution is an outgrowth of a private one, 
which Prof. S. Olin Garrison established in Millville, Cum- 
berland county, on September 1st, 1887. It was opened at 
Vineland, on March 1st, 1888, with an enrollment of ten 
pupils. Adjacent properties were soon acquired and a 
handsome building, costing about $18,000, was erected in 
1890-91. There are fourteen cottages, besides a hospital, 
large barns, shops and manual training rooms, located 
on a farm of 260 acres. The school has a fine assem- 
bly hall, seating over 600, and also containing seven 
school rooms, drill room and a gymnasium. The De- 
partment of Research has a well equipped laboratory, 
where studies as to the cause and prevention of feeble- 
mindedness are carried on. 

The plan and scope of training and education by the 
school, require fourteen teachers in English, Kindergar- 
ten, Music, Physical Culture and Manual Trades depart- 
ments, thereby Indicating the special and comprehensive 
fields of Instruction. There Is also a custodial depart- 
ment for the Idiotic, 

The property Is worth over $250,000, real and personal, 
with a debt of only $21,000. Besides very good prop- 
erty acquisitions at low cost, at least $150,000 have 
been donated to the school since Its organization, to 
aid in the current expenses, In improvements and new 
buildings. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

(Henry M. Weeks Hospital.) 

Skillman, Somerset County. 

This village is located In Montgomery township, Somer- 
set county, at Skillman Station, on the line of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The location is 
one of the most beautiful and healthful in the State, 
and is admirably adapted for the purposes of this 
kind of an institution. The managers have secured 
four adjoining farms containing in all about seven 
hundred and eighty acres. 

The four farm houses are now bein^ used, one for 
the Administration building, one for residence of the 
Superintendent, one for patients and one for employes. 

In 1884 Dr. John W. Ward, Superintendent of the State 
Hospital at Trenton, realizing the necessity of separating 
the epileptics from the insane, went before a legislative 



116 STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

committee and strongly urged the appropriation of $50,- 
000 to erect a building upon the grounds of that Institu- 
tion for the proper care of the epileptics. The late Prof. 
S. Olin Garrison, Principal of the New Jersey Training 
School for Feeble-Minded Children, at Vineland, early re- 
cognized the necessity of separate provision for the epi- 
leptics in that institution, and was indefatigable in his 
efforts to establish the present village. 

For a number of years the subject was agitated, and 
In 1895, In accordance with a resolution passed by the 
Legislature, the Governor appointed a commission to in- 
vestigate the number and condition of epileptics In the 
State. The report of the commission was presented to 
the Legislature of 1896 and a bill was introduced for the 
establishment of a colony on a plan recommended by the 
commission. The bill failing to become a law, the New 
Jersey State Medical Society, by resolution at their an- 
nual meeting in 1896, endorsed the necessity of such 
legislation. In 1897 the President, Dr. Thomas J. Smith, 
of Bridgeton, most ably presented the necessity of pro- 
viding for the epileptics, and urged that the State author- 
ities be importuned most earnestly to revive the move- 
ment initiated the year before to establish an industrial 
epileptic colony In our State. The Society reaffirmed Its 
position, and appointed a committee to urge the matter 
further. 

Through the combined efforts of those interested and 
with the zealous co-operation of Senator Stokes, of Cum- 
berland, who had charge of the legislation, an act was 
passed by the Legislature of 1898, and promptly signed by 
Acting Governor Voorhees, making the necessary provi- 
sions for the establishment of the institution. The sum 
of $15,000 was appropriated for the purchase of a site and 
to pay for the equipment and maintenance of the vil- 
lage. The "Maplewood Farm," containing about 187 
acres, was purchased for $11,500, and the village was 
opened for the reception of male patients November 1st, 
of the same year. 

The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the erec- 
tion of two cottages for patients, and $16,000 for the pur- 
chase of two farms adjoining the property. Additional 
appropriations were made each year from 1901 to 1911, 
aggregating $900,000, for extensions and improve- 
ments. All epileptics of either sex, over five years of 
age, and not insane or idiotic are admitted. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $78,000 for new 
buildings. 



NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 117 

NEW JERSEY REFOR3IATORY. 

Rahway. 

In 1895 the Legislature passed an act, approved by 
Governor AVerts on March 28 of that year, providing 
for the appointment of a commission to consist of 
six persons, who were charged with the duty of build- 
ing an intermediate reformatory institution for first 
male offenders. The commission was authorized to 
set apart the property known as the Edgar farm, 
located in Union and Middlesex Counties, and then 
belonging to the State Sinking Fund. 

If it were found necessary they were authorized to 
purchase adjoining property for the completion of 
the site at a cost not to exceed ten tliousand dollars, 
but this authority was not used. 

The institution, when completed, was designed to 
accommodate not less than one thousand inmates, 
and the sum of one hundred thousand dollars was ap- 
propriated to begin the work. 

The site now comprises about 115 acres. That 
which is not occupied by the buildings or enclosed 
within a stockade surrounding the same, furnisheEi 
occupation to the inmates, and is devoted to the pur- 
pose of tillage, to supply farm products and sustain 
the animals used by the institution. 

The original Commissioners were Patrick Farrelly, 
George S. Mott, David M. Chambers, William A. Ure, 
John T. Daly and Thomas M. Gopsill. 

According to the plans originally adopted the build- 
ing, when completed, was to have four wings, capable 
of accommodating 1,024 inmates. The first wing and 
centre were completed in the year 1901, and inmates 
were then first received. 

First male offenders only are admitted between the 
ages of sixteen and thirty years. 

The criminal courts of the State are empowered in 
their discretion to commit offenders to the Reforma- 
tory instead of State Prison. The original commission 
was replaced by the present Board of Commissioners, 
consisting of nine persons, including the Governor, 
and no more than four to be of the same political 
party. 

The reformatory and grounds are located about one 
and a half miles south of the City of Rahway. The 
buildings now erected comprise the guard-room build- 



118 STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

ing, northeast and southeast wings, the domestic 
building and "Tie-to" building, connecting it with the 
guard-room building, the industrial building, new 
tuberculous pavilion, independent water system with 
filtering plant, two trades' school buildings and wall, 
power house, hospital for contagious diseases, barn, 
hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold storage 
warehouse. 

The "Tie-to" building, the hospital, the pavilion, 
barn, hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold stor- 
age warehouse were constructed entirely by the in- 
mates and without cost to the State, except for mate- 
rial. 

The construction of a sewage disposal system con- 
tracted for by the former Board of Managers, has 
been completed recently by inmate labor. 

The inmates are detailed to different trade classes, 
and do all the work required for betterments and 
repairs. They enjoy daily educational advantages and 
are regularly drilled in military tactics. 

STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

Glen Gardner. 
This Sanitarium, which was completed in 1907, Is lo- 
cated at Glen Gardner, near High Bridife, Hunterdon 
county. The site is on the slope of a mountain nearly 
1,000 feet above the level of the sea, where the State 
has acquired about 600 acres. The slope has been cut 
away and leveled for a considerable .space, and here 
the buildings were constructed. On a clear day the 
view from this point is one of the most magnificent in 
this picturesque section of North New Jersey. It looks 
away over a rolling country of wooded hills and culti- 
vated farm lands to the mountains on the other side of 
the valley, which run at Its foot. Away In the dis- 
tance like a thin ribbon of silver is the South Branch 
river, and in whatever direction the eye turns some 
new and charming scene is encountered. The structure 
consists of a service building, administration building 
and east and west wards. The service building is the 
source of supplies for the institution. It is 84x110 feet, 
three stories. Including basement. In which Is the 
boiler room, engine room and electric light plant. A 
cold storage is located in the basement. On the second 
floor is the main dining hall, whieh Is 84x48 feet, the 



STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 119 

service room, bakery, kitchen, storeroom, butcher shop 
and cold storage. The third flood is fitted up with 
rooms for the doctors, employees' rooms, ironing, dry- 
ing and linen rooms, coat rooms, sterilizing room, &c. 
All the buildings are built of field stone, stuccoed on 
the outside and finished with white plaster on the in- 
terior. The ward building is 32x150 feet and the ad- 
ministration building 52x120 feet. The buildings are 
so constructed that additions may be made from time 
to time as the necessity of the case demands. About 
175 patients can be comfortably accommodated in the 
ward buildings. The water supply is derived from a 
large reservoir which is kept supplied from the springs, 
The system of sewerage is among the most sanitary 
in existence. The total cost of the Sanitarium repre- 
sents an outlay of about 1300,000. 

The first impetus for caring for tha State's consump- 
tive poor was given in an address delivered in 1900 be- 
fore the State Medical Society by Dr. Halsey, then 
president. A bill was drawn by a committee of the 
society, and was passed by the Legislature in 1902, 
when a Board of Managers was appointed by Governor 
Murphy. Of this Board, Dr. Charles J. Kipp of Newark 
was elected president, and for whom the mountain on 
which the State Sanitarium was built v/as named. The 
Legislature appropriated $50,000 to carry the bill into 
effect. The Sanitarium is Intended as a model institu- 
tion, largely educational In character, which would 
give a practical demonstration of up-to-date methods 
of treating cases of tub'erculosis and point the. way for 
other institutions of a similar type, at the same time 
extending the direct benefits of its system to as large a 
number of cases as its necessarily limited facilities 
would enable it to care for. The institution handles 
about six hundred cases annually. Its purpose is 
to arrest the disease in its incipient stage and dis- 
charge the patient In such condition that, with the 
aid of the instruction he receives while at the Institu- 
tion, he may be reasonably certain of being able to ef- 
fect his own cure. This Instruction will prove valuable 
not only to himself, but to the public In general, as It 
becomes disseminated through his agency and that of 
the other patients who undergo treatment and go out 
again in the world at large. As a rule, the cases se- 
lected will be such as can be treated with reasonable 
expectancy of a cure. In 1912 the Legislature appro- 
priated $89,500 for new buildings. 



120 BORDENTOWN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. 

BORDENTOWX INDUSTRIAL. SCHOOL. 

The Manual Training and Industrial School for Col- 
ored Youth located at Bordentown, N. J., is a State 
institution maintained by appropriations from the 
State and under the supervision of the State Board of 
Education. 

The school was established to meet the educational 
needs of the colored people of New Jersey and seeks 
more and more to fit its students to go out and . do 
intelligently the work to which they are called. 

The Literary Department as far as is practicable is 
adjusted to the needs of the Industrial Training, and 
an effort is made to throw around the student a home 
atmosphere. 

The school occupies a conspicuous site on the banks 
of the Delaware River, comprising 225 acres of good 
farm land. The physical equipment of the school 
consists of an administration building, a girls' dormi- 
tory, a boys' dormitory and infirmary, a laundry and 
carpenter shop, a printing ofl^ce and a group of farm 
buildings. 

Approximately one hundred students are enrolled, 
this number exhausting the facilities for accommoda- 
tion. 

Tuition is free and a nominal charge is made for 
board, washing, medical attendance and registration. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $20,000 for a 
new dormitory. 

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN. 

The Refor-matory is located on a farm of 346 acres 
one and one-half miles from Clinton, Hunterdon 
county. There are three houses on the farm. 

Number one has been enlarged so as to accommo- 
date 25 people — 22 women besides the superintendent, 
nurse and housekeeper. Number two is for the 
farmer, and the third is a small house for emergency 
needs. The barns have also been put in order. 

Miss May Caughey, the superintendent, took up her 
residence at the Reformatory the middle of Novem- 
ber, 1912. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $20,000 for the 
alterations necessary to establish the Reformatory. 

The Reformatory was dedicated on May 26th, 1913. 



PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS, 1912. 121 

PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS, 191 2. 



DEMOCRATIC. 

For President, Woodrow Wilson. For Vice-Presi- 
dent, Thomas R. Marshall. 

For Presidential Electors— Robert S. Hudspeth, 
John W. Wescott, Joseph R. Newton, Thomas H. Birch, 
Henry S. Terhune, George M. LaMonte, Lucius T. Rus- 
sell, John B. Cavagnaro, John Hinchliffe, Matthew T. 
Cronin, Edw^ard M. Waldron, Edwin A. Bradley, John 
J. Ryan, Ernest J. Heppenheimer. 

REPUBLICAN. 

For President, William H. Taft. For Vice-President, 
James S. Sherman. 

For Presidential Electors — F. Wayland Ayer, Fred- 
erick Frelinghuysen, Norman Grey, Benjamin Han- 
cock, Lewis S. Thompson, Abram A. Cortelyou, Rich- 
ard H. Williams, J. Hull Browning, Garret A. Hobart, 
Ulysses B. Brewster, William Riker, Jr., Ira A. Kip, 
Jr., Anthony J. Volk, George F. Perkins. 

PROGRESSIVE. 

For President, Theodore Roosevelt. For Vice-Presi- 
dent, Hiram W. Johnson. 

For Presidential Electors — Edward J. Brooks, A. 
Crozer Reeves, Harvey F. Carr, Charles P. Earner, 
William Dinwid'die, Charles C. Kenyon, Mahlon Morey, 
William W. Taylor, Samuel V. S. Muzzy, R. Arthur 
Heller, Edward T. Ward, Frederick E. Kip, Diederich 
Bahrenburg, George E. Cannon. 

NATIONAL PROHIBITION. 

For President, Eugene W. Chafln. For Vice-Presi- 
dent, Aaron S. Watkins. 

For Presidential Electors — Grafton E. Day, Charles 
M. Quimby, Charles E. Lane, Lewis Lincoln Eavenson, 
Jesse Perry, Charles H. Elder, Fred Wooster Owen, 
Franklin Pierce Lefferts, William R. Forfar, Alfred H. 
Edgerley, George G. Weeks, Stephen D. Riddle. 
Charles Leitch, Ulysses S. Knox. 



122 DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL DELEGATES, 1912. 

SOCIALIST. 

For President, Eugene V. Debs. For Vice-President, 
Emil Seidel. 

For Presidential Electors — Monroe Gibson, Jacob 
Hambacher, Fred Hartmeyer, William Warner, Lewis 
A. Young, William Walker, J. Lindsay Van Nest, 
Harry F. Kopp, Charles Kaser, Frederick Keller, 
George H. Strobell, Max Richter, Edward K. Stretch, 
Albin Strobel. 

SOCIALIST-LABOR. 

For President, Arthur E. Reimer. For Vice-Presi- 
dent, August Gillhaus. 

For Presidential Electors — Herman Hartung, George 
T. Lewis, Michael D. Fitzgerald, John Reese, Adolf F. 
Anderson, Charles Sperle, George Yardley, William J. 
Carroll, Edward Devlin, Herrman Landgraf, George 
Melia, Dietrich H. Schonleber, Ernest Aiazzone, Nicol 
Gerold. 

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL DELEGATES, 1912. 

At the primary election held' throughout the State on 
May 28th, 1912, the delegates chosen to the Democratic 
National Convention, which was opened at Baltimore 
on June 25th, were as follows: 

At Large — John Hinchliffe, James E. Martine, Nicho- 
las P. Weden, John W. Wescott. 

Alternates — John L. Armitage, Albert Bollschweiler, 
Eugene S. Burke, William Libbey. 

District Delegates — First — Joseph E. Nowrey and J. 
Warren Davis. 

Second — Thomas H. Birch and J. Thompson Baker. 

Third — John W. Slocum and Thomas J. Scully. 

Fourth — George M. LaMonte and Walter Madden. 

Fifth— William L. R. Lynd and James J. Potts. 

Sixth — William Kline and Dan Fellows Piatt. 

Seventh — William Hughes and Robert G. Bremner. 

Eighth — Peter Stillwell and John M. Rhodabeck. 

Ninth — James Smith, Jr., and Arthur B. Seymour. 

Tenth — James R. Nugent and Harry F. Backus. 

Eleventh — Emil Groth and John J. McGovern. 

Twelfth — Thomas G. Haight and Mark A. Sullivan. 

The vote for choice for President was as follows: 
Woodrow Wilson, 48,336; Champ Clark, 522; Judson 
Harmon, 60; William J. Bryan, 47. 



REPUBLICAN NATIONAL DELEGATES, 1912. 123 



REPUBLICAN NATIONAL. DELEGATES, 1912. 

At the primary election held throughout the State on 
May 28th, 1912, the delegates chosen to the Republican 
National Convention, which opened in Chicago on June 
18th, were as follows: 

At Large — Frank B. Jess, Edgar B. Bacon, Everett 
Colby, John Franklin Fort. 

Alternates — Henry Marelli, James McCarthy, Wilbur 
A. Mott, J. Wiggins Thorn. 

District Delegates — First — Duncan W. Blake, Jr., 
and John Boyd Avis. 

Second — Joseph H. Marvell and Francis D. Potter. 

Third — Clarence E. F. Hetrick and Adrian Lyon. 

Fourth — John E. Gill and James E. Bathgate, Jr. 

Fifth — CharTes W. Ennis and Edgar A. Knapp. 

Sixth — William W. Taylor and Herbert M. Bailey. 

Seventh — James G. Blauvelt and Henry C. Whitehead. 

Eighth — John N. Klein and Louis M. Brock. 

Ninth — Edward T. Ward and William A. Lord. 

Tenth — Edmond B. Osborne and Frank L. Driver. 

Eleventh District — John Garner and Fred Vollmer. 

Twelfth — John Rotherham and George L. Record. 

The vote for choice for President was as follows: 
Theodore Roosevelt, 61,297; William H. Taft, 44,034; 
Robert M. LaFollette, 3,464. 



124 ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 

ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 



FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT, FROM 
MARCH 4, 1789. 

1789— George Washington, of A^irginia 6 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 1 

John Jay, of New York 5 

1793— George Washington, of Virginia 7 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

1797— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1801— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

C. C. Pinckney, of South Carolina....: 7 

1805— Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1809— James Madison, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1813— DeWitt Clinton, of New York 8 

Jarard Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania 8 

1817— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1821— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1825— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina 8 

1829— John Q. Adams, of Massachusetts 8 

Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania 8 

1833— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

Martin Van Buren, of New York 8 

1837— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

Francis Granger, of New York 8 

1841_Williara H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

John Tyler, of Virginia 8 

1845— Henry Clay, of Kentucky 7 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey 7 

1849— Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana 7 

Millard Fillmore, of New York 7 

1853— Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire 7 

William R. King, of Alabama 7 

1857— James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania 7 

John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky 7 



NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 125 

1861— Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois 4 

Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine 4 

Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois ~ 3 

Herchel V. Johnson, of Georgia 3 

1865— George B. McClellan, of New Jersey 7 

George H. Pendleton, of Ohio 7 

1869— Horatio Seymour, of New York 7 

Francis P. Blair, of Missouri 7 

1873— Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois 7 

Henry "Wilson, of Massachusetts 7 

1877— Samuel J. Tilden, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1881— Winfield Scott Hancock, of Pennsylvania 9 

William H. English, of Indiana 9 

1885— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1889— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Allan G. Thurroan, of Ohio 9 

1893— Grover Cleveland, of New York 10 

Adlai E. Stevenson, of Illinois 10 

1897— William McKinley, Ohio 10 

Garret A. Hobart, New Jersey 10 

190i_william McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 10 

1905— Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 12 

Charles W. Fairbanks, of Indiana 12 

1909— William Howard Taft, of Ohio 12 

James S. Sherman, of New York 12 

1913 — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey 14 

Thomas R. Marshall, of Indiana 14 



PR£SIDE:NTIAL vote of new jersey from 1840 
TO DATE. 

1840— Harrison, Whig, 33,351; Van Buren, Dem., 31,034. 
Harrison's majority, 2,327. 

1844— Clay, Whig, 38,318; Polk, Dem., 37,495. Clay's major- 
ity, 823. 

1848— Taylor, Whig, 40,015; Cass, Dem., 36,901; Van Buren, 
819. Taylor's plurality, 3,114, 

1852— Pierce, Dem., 44,305; Scott, Whig, 38,556; Hale, Free 
Soil, 350. Pierce's plurality,, 5,749. 

1856— Buchanan, Dem., 46,943; Fremont, Rep., 28,338; Fill- 
more, Amer., 24,115. Buchanan's plurality, 18,605. 

1860— Dem. Fusion ticket, 62,869; Lincoln, Rep., 58,346. 
Fusion majority, 4,523. (Three Douglas electors, Cook, 
Parker and Runyon, were chosen, the highest vote being 
62,869 for Cook, and four Lincoln electors were chosen. 
Hornblower, Brown, Elmer and Ivins, the highest vote 
being 58,346 for Hornblower. The highest vote cast for a 
Breckinridge elector (Wurts) was 66.237.) 



126 NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 

1864— McClellan, Dem., 68,024; Lincoln, Rep., 60,723. 
McClellan's majority, 7,301. 

1868— Seymour, Dem., 83,001; Grant, Rep., 80,131. Sey- 
mour's majority, 2,870. 

1872— Grant, Rep., 91,656; Greeley, Dem., 76,456. Grant's 
majority, 15,200. 

1876— Tilden, Dem., 115,962; Hayes, Rep., 103,517. Tilden's 
majority, 12,445. 

1880— Hancock, Dem., 122,565; Garfield, Rep., 120,555. Han- 
cock's majority, 2,010. 

1884— Cleveland, Dem., 127,784; Blaine, Rep., 123,433. Cleve- 
land's majority, 4,351. 

1888— Cleveland, Dem., 151,493; Harrison, Rep., 144,344; 
Fisk, Pro., 7,904. Cleveland's plurality, 7,149. 

1892— Cleveland, Dem., 171,066; Harrison, Rep., 156,101; 
Bidwell, Pro., 8,134; Wing, Social.-Lab., 1,337; Weaver, 
People's, 985. Cleveland's plurality, 14,965. 

1896— McKinley, Rep., 221,367; Bryan, Dem., 133,675; Palmer, 
Nat. Dem., 6,373; Levering, Pro., 5,614; Matchett, Soc.-Lab., 
3.985. McKinley's plurality, 87,692. 

1900— McKinley, Rep., 221,707; Bryan, Dem., 164,808; Wool- 
ley, Pro., 7,183; Debs, Soc.-Dem., 4,609; Malloney, Soc.-Lab., 
2,074; Barker, People's, 669. McKinley's plurality, 56,899. 

1904— Roosevelt, Rep., 245,164; Parker, Dem., 164,566; Swal- 
low, Pro., 6,845; Debs., Socialist, 9,587; Corrigan, Soc.-Lab., 
2,680; Watson, People's Dem., 3,705. Roosevelt's plurality, 
80.598. 

1908— Taft, Rep., 265,298; Bryan, Dem., 182,522; Debs, 
Soc, 10,249; Chafin, Pro., 4,930; Gillhaus, Soc.-Lab., 
1,196; Hisgen, Ind., 2,916. Taft's plurality, 82,776. 

1912^ — Wilson, Dem., 178,289; Roosevelt, Prog., 145- 
410; Taft, Rep., 88,835; Debs, Soc, 15,901; Chafin, Pro., 
2,871; Reimer, Soc.-Lab., 1,321. Wilson's plurality, 
32,879. 

NEW JERSEY'S VOTE FOR GOVERNOR 

From 1844 to Date. 

1844_Stratton, Whig, 37,949; Thomson, Dem., 36.591; Park- 
hurst, 76. Whig plurality, 1,358. 

1847— Haines, Dem., 34,765; Wright, Whig. 32.166; William 
Right, 87; Moses Jaques, 146; Scattering, 109. Democratic 
plurality, 2,599. 

1850— Fort, Dem., 39,723; Runk, Whig, 34,054. Democratic 
majority, 5,669. 

1853— Price, Dem., 38,312; Haywood, Whig, 34,530. Demo- 
cratic majority, 3,782. 

1856— Newell, Rep., 50,903; Alexander, Dem., 48,246. Re- 
publican majority, 2,657. 

1859— Olden, Rep., 53,315; Wright. Dem., 51,714. Republican 
majority, 1,601. 



NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 127 

1S62— Parker, Dem., 61,307; Ward, Rep., 46,710. Democratic 
majority, 14,597. 

1865— Ward, Rep., 67,525; Runyon, Dem., 64,736. Repub- 
lican majority, 2,789. 

186S— Randolph, Dem., 83,619; Blair, Rep., 79,072. Demo- 
cratic majority, 4,547. 

1871— Parker, Dem., 82,362; Walsh, Rep., 76,383. Demo- 
cratic majority, 5,979. 

1874— Bedle, Dem., 97,283; Halsey, Rep., 84,050. Demo- 
cratic majority, 13,233. 

1877— McClellan, Dem., 97,837; Newell, Rep., 85,094; Hoxsey, 
Greenback, 5,069; Bingham, Tax and Pro., 1,439. Demo- 
oaatic plurality, 12,746. 

1880— Ludlow, Dem., 121,666; Potts, Rep., 121,015; Hoxsey, 
Greenback, 2,759; Ransom, Pro., 195. Democratic plu- 
rality, 651. 

1883— Abbett, Dem., 103,856; Dixon, Rep., 97,047; Urner, 
Nat., 2,960; Parsons, Pro., 4,153. Democratic plurality, 6.809. 

1886— Green, Dem., 109,939; Howey, Rep., 101,919; Fiske, 
Pro., 19,808. Democratic plurality, 8,020. 

1889— Abbett, Dem., 138,245; Grubb, Rep., 123,992; La Monte, 
Pro., 6,853. Democratic plurality, 14,253. 

1892— Werts, Dem., 167,257; Kean, Jr., Rep., 159,362; Ken- 
nedy, Pro., 7,750; Keim, Soc.-Lab., 1,338; Bird, People's, 894. 
Democratic plurality, 7,625. 

1895— Griggs, Rep., 162,900; McGill, Dem., 136.000; Wilbur, 
Pro.. 6,661; Ellis, People's, 1,901; Keim, Soc.-Lab., 4,147. Re- 
publican plurality, 26,900. 

1898— Voorhees, Rep., 164,051; Crane, Dem., 158,552; Lan- 
don, Pro., 6,893; Maguire, Soc.-Lab., 5,458; Sf 'irayshuen, 
People's, 491. Republican plurality, 5,499. 

1901— Murphy, Rep., 183,814; Seymour, Dem., 166,681; 
Brown, Pro., 5,365; Vail, Soc, 3,489; Wilson, Soc. Labor, 
1,918. Republican plurality, 17,133. 

1904— Stokes, Rep., 231,363 ; Black, Dem., 179,719 ; Par- 
ker, Pro., 6,687 ; Kearns, Soc. 8,858 ; Herrschaft, Soc.-Lab.. 
2,526 ; Honnecker, People's Dem., 3,285. Republican plu- 
rality, 51,644. 

1907— Fort, Rep., 194,313 ; Katzenbach, Dem., 186,300 ; 
Mason, Pro., 5,255 ; Krafift, Soc, 6,848 ; Butterworth, Soc.- 
Lab., 1,568. Republican plurality, 8,013. 

1910— Wilson, Dem., 233,682; Lewis, Rep., 184,626; Kil- 
lingbeck, Soc, 10,134 ; Repp, Pro., 2,818 ; Butterworth, Soc.- 
Lab., 2,032. Democratic plurality, 49,056. 

1913— Fielder, Dem., 173,148 ; Stokes, Rep., 140,298 ; 
Colby, Prog., Roosevelt, 41,132 ; Reilly, Soc, 13,977 ; Mason, 
Pro., 3,427 ; Butterworth, Soc-Lab., 2,460 ; Dwyer, Ind., 
875. Democratic plurality, 32,850. 



128 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FROM 1774 TO THK PRESENT TIME. 

CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 

1774-5, James Kinsey; 1774-6, John Cooper, Stephen Crane, 
John De Hart, Francis Hopkinson, William Livingston, 
Richard Smith. Richard Stockton; 1776-7, Jonathan D. Ser- 
geant; 1776-8, Abraham Clark, Jonathan Elmer; 1776-9, John 
Witherspoon; 1777-8, Elias Boudinot; 1777-9, Nathaniel Scud- 
der; 1778-9, Frederick Frelinghuysen, Elias Dayton; 1778, 
John Neilson; 1778-80, John Fell; 1779, Thomas Henderson; 
1779-81, William Ch. Houston; 1780-1, William Burnett, Wil- 
liam Paterson; 1780-3, Abraham Clark; 1780-2, John Wither- 
spoon; 1781-3, William Paterson; 1782-3, Frederick Freling- 
huysen; 1781-4, Silas Condict, Jonathan Elmer; 1783-5, John 
Beatty, Samuel Dick; 1783-4, John Stevens, Sr.; 1784-5, 
Charles Stewart, William Ch. Houston; 17S4-7, Lambert 
Cadwalader; 1785-6, John Cleaves Symmes, Josiah Horn- 
blower; 1786-7, James Schureman; 1786-8, Abraham Clark; 
1787, William Paterson; 1787-8, Jonathan Elmer; 1787-9, Jona- 
than Dayton. 



FROM 1789 TO DATE. 

L 1789-91— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Lambert Cadwal- 
ader, Hunterdon; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem. 

IL 1791-3— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Abraham Clark, 
Essex; Jonathan Dayton, Essex; Aaron Kitchell, Morris; 
James Schureman, Middlesex. 

III. 1793-5— John Beatty, Hunterdon; Elias Boudinot. 
Burlington; Lambert Cadwalader, Hunterdon; Jonathan 
Dayton, Essex; Abraham Clark, Essex (died 1794); Aaron 
Kitchell, Morris (to fill vacancy). 

IV. 1795-7— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; Thomas 
Henderson, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, Essex; Isaac 
Smith, Hunterdon; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

V. 1797-9— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; James H. 
Imlay, Monmouth; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

VI. 1799-1801— John Condit, Essex; Franklin Davenport, 
Gloucester; Samuel H. Imlay, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, 
Morris; James Linn, Somerset. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 129 

VII. 1801-3— John Condit, Essex; Ebenezer Elmer, Cum- 
berland; William Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlir.gton; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

VIII. 180.3-5— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlington; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, Ber- 
gen. 

IX. 1805-7— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; John I.ambert, Hunterdon; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, 
Essex. 

X. 1807-9— William Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hun- 
terdon; Thomas Newbold, Burlington; James Sloan, Glou- 
cester; Henry Southard, Somerset; E^zra Darby, Essex 
(until 1808) ; Adam Boyd, Bergen (from 1808-9). 

XI. 1809-11— Jam.es Cox, Monmouth (until 1810); William 
Helms, Sussex; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; Thomas New- 
bold, Burlington; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, 
Bergen. 

XII. 1811-13- Adam Boyd, Bergen; Lewis Condict, Mor- 
ris; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; George C. Maxwell, Hun- 
terdon; James Morgan, Middlesex; Thomas Newbold, Bur- 
lington. 

XIII. 1813-15— Lewis Condict, Morris; William Cox, Bur- 
lington; Richard Stockton, Somerset; Thomas Ward, Es- 
sex; James Schureman, Middlesex; Jacob Hufty, Cumber- 
land (until 1814); Thomas Binns, Essex (1814-15). 

XIV. 1815-17 — Ezra Baker, Gloucester; Ephraim 
Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin Bennett, Monmouth; 
Lewis Condict, Morris; Henry Southard, Somerset; 
Thomas Ward, E^sex. . 

XV. 1817-19— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin 
Bennett, Monmouth; Joseph Bloomfield, Burlington; 
Charles Kinsey, Essex; John Linn, Sussex; Henry South- 
ard, Sussex. 

XVI. 1819-21— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Joseph 
Bloomfield, Burlington; John Linn, Sussex; Barnard Smith, 
Middlesex; Henry Southard, Somerset; John Condit, Essex 
(until 1820); Thomas Binns, Essex (1820-1). 

XVn. 1821-3— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, 
Gloucester; Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland, Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XVIII. 1823-5— George Cassady, Bergen; Daniel Garrison, 
Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, Glou- 
cester; Lewis Condict, Morris; Samuel Swan, Somerset. 



130 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

XUC 1825-7-George Cassady. Bergen; Lewis Condlct, 
Morris; Daniel Garrison, Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Bur- 
lington. 

XX. 182/-9— Lewis Condlct, Essex; Isaac Pierson, Essex; 
Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Burlington; 
George E. Holcombe, Monmouth (until 1828); Hedge 
Thompson. Salem (until 1828); James Fitz Randolph, Mid- 
dlesex (1828-9); Thomas Sinnickson, Salem (1828-9). 

XXI. 1829-31— Richard M. Cooper, Gloucester, Lewis Con- 
diet, Morris; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; Isaac Pier- 
son, Essex; James Fitz Randolph, Middlesex; Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XXII. 1831-3— Lewis Condict, Morris; Richard M. Cooper, 
Gloucester; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; James Fitz 
Randolph, Middlesex; Isaac Southard, Somerset; Silas 
Condit, Essex. 

XXIIL 1833-5— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Essex; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; 
James Parker (D.). Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), 
Somerset; William N. Shinn (D.), Burlington. 

XXIV. 1835-7— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic (re- 
signed and elected Governor); Samuel Fowler (D.), SuS' 
sex; Thomas Lee CD.), Cumberland; James Parker (D.), 
Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), Somerset; William 
N. Shinn (D.), Burlington; William Chetwood (D.), Essex 
(vacancy 1836-7). 

XXV. 1837-9-John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.). Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones- York <W.), Salem. 

XXVL 1839-41— William B. Cooper (D.), Gloucester; 
Philemon Dickerson (D,), Passaic; Joseph P. Randolph 
(W.), Monmouth; Daniel B. Ryall (D.), Monmouth; Joseph 
Kille (D.), Salem; Peter D. Vroom (D.), Somerset. 

XXVII. 1841-3— John B. Aycrigg (W.). Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwel! (vV.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones Yorke (W.), Salem. 

XXVIIL 1843-5- Lucius Q. C. Elmer (D.), Cumberland; 
George Sykes (D.). Burlington; Littleton Kirkpatrick (D.), 
Middlesex; Isaac G. Farlee (D.), Hunterdon; William 
Wright (W.), Essex. 

."XX.ITf^ 1845-7- James G. Hampton (W.), Cumberlanc*: 
Samuel G. Wright (W.) (died 1845), Monmouth; George 
Sykes (D.), (vacancy), Burlington; John Runk (W.), Hun* 



. NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 131 

terdon; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; William Wright 
(W.), Essex. 

XXX. 1847-9— James G, Hampton (W.), Cumber- 
land; William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van 
Dyke (W.), Middlesex; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; 
Dudley S. Gregory (W.), Hudson. 

XXXI. 1849-51— Andrew K. Hay (W.), CamkJen; 
William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke 
(W.), Middlesex; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; James 
G. King (W.), Hudson. 

XXXII. 1851-3— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; George H. Brown 
(W.), Somerset; Isaac Wildrick (D), Warren; Rodman 
M. Price (D.), Essex. 

XXXIII. 1853-5— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; Samuel Lilly (D.), 
Hunterdon; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penn- 
ington (W.), Essex. 

XXXIV. 1855-7 — Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; James Bishop (N. A.), 
Middlesex; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penning- 
ton (R.), Essex. 

XXXV. 1857-9— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; Garnet B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; John Huyler (D.), Bergen; Jacob R. Wor- 
teiidyke (D.), Hudson. 

XXXVI. 1859-61— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; Garnet B. Adrain 
(D.), Middlesex; Jetur R. Riggs (D.), Passaic; William 
Pennington (R.) (Speaker), Essex. 

XXXVII. 1861-3 — John T. Nixon <'R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; William G. Steele, 
(D.), Somerset; George T. Cobb (D.), Morris; Nehemiah 
Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXVIII. 1863-5 — John F. Starr (R.), Camden; 
George Middleton (D.), Monmouth; William G. Steele 
(D.), Somerset; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Nehe- 
miah Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXIX. 1865-7 — John F. Starr (R.), Camden; Will- 
iam A. Newell (R.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves 
(D.), Warren; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Ed. R. 
V. Wright (D.), Hudson. 

XL. 1867-9— William Moore K^), Atlantic; Charles 
Haight (D.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), War- 
ren; John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), 
Essex. 

XLL 1869-71— WiiUiam Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles 



132 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

Halght (D.), Monmouth; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; Orestes Cleveland (D.), Hudson. 

XLH, 1871-3— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam'i 
C. Forker (D.), Burlington; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLIII. 1873-5— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Amos Clark, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; Marcus Ij. Ward (R.), Essex; Isaac 
W. Scudder (R.), Hudson. 

XLIV. 1875-7— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Frederick H. Teese (D.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLV. 1S77-9— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; J. 
Howard Pugh (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Thomas B. Peddie (R.). Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLVI. 1879-81— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; Heze- 
kiah B. Smith (D.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Charles H. Voorhis 
(R.), Bergen; John L. Blake (R.), Essex; Lewis A. Brigham 
(R.), Hudson. 

XLVII. 18S1-3— George M. Robesoh (R.), Camden; John 
Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; Miles Ross (D.), Middlesex; 
Henry S. Harris (D.), Warren; John Hill (R.), Mortxs; 
Phineas Jones (R.), Essex; Augustus A. Hardenbergh (D.), 
Hudson. 

XLVTII. 1883-5— Thomas M. Ferrell (D.), Gloucester; 
John Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Benjamin F. Hov/ey (R.), Warren; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; William H. F. Fiedler iD.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

XLIX. 1885-7— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Bu- 
chanan (R.), Mercer; Robert S. Green (D.), Union; James 
N. Pidcock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), 
Bergen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo 
(D.), Hudson. 

L. 1837-9— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R,), Union; James N. Pid- 
cock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), Ber- 
gen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo (D.), 
Hudson. 

LI. 1889-91— Christopher A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 133 

Buchanan (R.), Mercer; Jacob A. Geissenhalner (D.), 
Monmouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; Charles D. 
Beckwlth (R.), Passaic; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

LH. 1891-3— C. A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 
Buchanan (R.), Mercer; J. A. Geissenhalner (D,), Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; C. A. Cadmus 
(D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; 'E. F. Mc- 
Donald (D.), Hudson. 

LHI. 1893-5 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; J. A. Geissenhalner 
(D.), Monmouth; Johnston Cornish (D.), Warren; C. A. 
Cadmus (D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; 
George B. Fielder (D.), Hudson; John T. Dunn (D.), 
Union. 

LIV. 1895-7 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

LV. 1897-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.). Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

LVI. 1889 — 1901 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; 
James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 
(R.), Essex; fWilliam D. Daly (D.), Hudson; Charles N. 
Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVn. 1901-3 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; $Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Mor- 
ris; James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 
(R.), Essex; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVHL 1903-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 



•Mr. McDonald died November 5th, 1892, and he was suc- 
ceeded by George B. Fielder. 

tMr. Daly died after the first session of this Congress, 
and Allan L. McDermott was elected to fill the unexpired 
term. 

tMr. Salmon died during the first session of this Con- 
gress, and DeWitt C. Flanagan (D.), was elected to fill 
the vacancy. 



134 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

Howell (R.), Middlesex; •William M. Lanning (R.), 
Mercer; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William 
Hughes (D.), Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), 
Essex; William H. Wiley (R.). Essex; Allan Benny 
(D.), Hudson; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

LIX. 1905-7 — Henry C, Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.). Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W.- Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.). Union; Henry C. Allen (R.), 
Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William 
H. Wiley (R.). Essex; Marshall Van Winkle (R.), Hud- 
son; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

LX. 1907-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), Passaic; 
R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; LeGage Pratt (D.), 
Essex; Eugene W. Leake (D.), Hudson; James A. 
Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXI. 1909-11 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. ^Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), 
Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William H. 
Wiley (R.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LrXII. 1911-13 — tWilliam J. Browning, (R.), Camden; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; William E. 
Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; **William Hughes (D.), Pas- 
saic; Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; Walter I. Mc- 
Coy (D.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

L.XIII. 1913-15 — William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
J. Thompson Baker (D.), Cape May; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Allan B. Walsh (D.), Mercer; William 
E. Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; ***Archibald C. Hart (D), 
Bergen; Robert G. Bremmer (D), Passaic; Eugene F. 
Kinkead (D.), Hudson; Walter I. McCoy (D.), Essex; 
Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 



•Mr. Lanning resigned after the first session of this 
Congress, and Ira W. Wood (R.), was elected to the 
vacancy. 

tMr. Browning succeeds Henry C. Loudenslager, who 
died August 12th, 1911. 

**Mr. Hughes resigned in September, 1912, and Mr. 
Archibald C. Hart (D.), Bergen, was elected to the 
vacancy. 

***Succeeded Lewis J. Martin (D), who died May 5th, 
1913. 



THE JUDICIARY. 135 

THE' JUDICIARY. 

(From 1704 to date.) 



CHANCELLORS. 



(Term, seven years — Salary, $13,000.) 
1845, Oliver S. Halsted; 1852. Benjamin Williamson; 1860, 
Henry W. Green: 1866, Abraham O. Zabriskie; 1873, Theo- 
dore Runyon; 1887, Alexander T. McGill; 1900, William J. 
Magie; 1908, Mahlon Pitney; 1912, Edwin Robert 
Walker. 

CHIEF JUSTICES. 

(Term of office, seven years — Salary, $13,000.) 
1704, Roger Mompesson; 1709, Thomas Gordon; 1710, David 
Jamison; 1723, William Trent; 1724, Robert Lettis Hooper; 
1728, Thomas Farmer; 1738, Robert Hunter Morris; 1758, 
William Aynsley; 1764, Charles Read; 1764, Frederick" 
Smyth; 1776, Richard Stockton (declined; 1776, John De 
Hart (declined); 1777, Robert Morris; 1779, David Brearley; 
1789, James Kinsey; 1803, Andrew Kirkpatrick; 1824, Charles 
Ewing; 1832, Joseph C. Hornblower; 1846, Henry W. Green; 
1853, Peter D. Vroom (declined); 1853, Alexander Wurts (de- 
clined); 1861, Edward W. Whelpley; 1864, Mercer Beasley; 
1897, William J. Magie; 1900, David A. Depue; 1901, William 
S. Gummere. 



ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years — Salary, $12,000 each.) 
1704, William Pinhorne; 1705, William Sandford; 1705, An- 
drew Bowne; 1706, Daniel Coxe; 1708, Thomas Revel; 1708, 
Daniel Leeds; 1710, Peter Sonmans; 1710. Hugh Huddy; 1711, 
Lewis Morris; 1711, Thomas Farmer; 1721, Peter Bard; 1734, 
Daniel Coxe; 1735, John Hamilton; 1739, Joseph Bonnel; 1739, 
John Allen; 1748, Samuel Nevil; 1749, Charles Read; 1754, 
Richard Salter; 1764, John Berrien; 1772, David Ogden; 1774, 
Richard Stockton; 1776, Samuel Tucker; 1776, Francis Hop- 
kinson (declined); 1777, Isaac Smith; 1777, John Cleves 
Symmes; 1788, John Chetwood; 1797, Andrew Kirkpatrick; 



136 THE JUDICIARY. 

1798, Elisha Boudinot; 1804, William S. Pennington; 1804, 
William Rossell; 1813, Mahlon Dickerson; 1815, Samuel L. 
Southard; 1820, Gabriel H. Ford; 1826, George K. Drake; 
1834, Thomas C. Ryerson; 1838, John Moore White; 1838, 
William L. Dayton; 1838, James S. Nevius; 1841, Daniel 
Elmer; 1841. Ira C. Whitehead; 1845, Thomas P. Carpenter; 
1845, Joseph F. Randolph; 1845, James S. Nevius; 1848, Elias 
B. D. Ogden; 1852, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 1852, Stacy G. Potts; 
1852. Daniel Haines; 1855. Peter Vredenburgh; 1855. Martin 
Ryerson; 1855, Elias B. D. Ogden; 1858. Edward W. Whelp- 
ley; 1859, Daniel Haines; 1859, William S. Clawson; 1859. 
John Vandyke; 1861, George H. Brown; 1861, L. Q. C. Elmer; 
1862. Peter Vredenburgh; 1862, L. Q. C. Elmer; 1862, Eliaa 
B. D. Ogden; 1865, Joseph D. Bedle; 1866, Vancleve Dalrim- 
ple; 1866, George S. Woodhull; 1866, '73, '80, '87 and '94, David 
A. Depue; 1869, '76, '83. '90 and '97, Bennet Van Syckel; 1869, 
'76, '83 and '90, Edward W. Scudder;; 1875, '82 and '89, Man- 
ning M. Knapp; 1875, '82, '89 '96 and '03, Jonathan Dixon; 1875, 
•82 and '89, Alfred Reed; 1880 and '87, Joel Parker; 1880, '87 
and '94, William J. Magie; 1888, '95, '02, '09, Charles G. 
Garrison; 1892, George T. Werts; 1893, Job H. Lippin- 
cott; 1893, Leon Abbett; 1895, William S. Gummere; 
1895, George C. Ludlow; 1897, Gilbert Collins; 1900, 
John Franklin Fort; 1900, Abram Q. Garretson; 1901, 
Charles E. Hendrickson; 1901, Mahlon Pitney; 1903, 
'10, Francis J. Swayze; 1904, Alfred Reed; 1906, 
Thomas W. Trenchard; 1907, Charles W. Parker: 
1907, James J. Bergen; 1908, Willard P. Voorhees, 
James F. Minturn; 1911, Samuel Kalisch. 



ATTORNEY-GENERALS. 

(Term, five years— Salary, $7,000.) 
1704, Alexander Griffith; 1714, Thomas Gordon; 1719, Jere- 
miah Basse; 1723, James Alexander; 1728, Lawrence Smith; 
1733, Joseph Warrel; 1754, Cortland Skinner; 1776, William 
Paterson; 1783, Joseph Bloomfield; 1792, Aaron D. Woodruff; 
1811, Andrew S. Hunter; 1817, Theodore Frelinghuysen; 1829, 
Samuel L, Southard; 1833, John Moore White; 1838, Richard 
S. Field; 1841, George P. Mollesson; 1844, Richard P. Thomp- 
son; 1845, Abraham Browning; 1850, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 
1852, Richard P. Thompson; 1857, William L. Dayton; 1861, 
F. T. Frelinghuysen; 1867, George M. Robeson; 1870, Robert 
Gilchrist; 1875, Joel Parker; 1875, Jacob Vanatta; 1877, John 
P. Stockton; 1897, Samuel H. Grey; 1902, Thomas N. McCar- 
ter; 1903, Robert H. McCarter; 1908, Edmund Wilson. 



THE JUDICIARY. 137 



CLERKS IN CHANCERY. 

(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1831, Stacy G. Potts; 1840, Samuel R. Gummere; 1851, Dan- 
iel B. Bodlne; 1856, William M. Babbitt; 1861, Barker Gum- 
mere; 1871, Henry S. Little; 1881, George S. Duryee; 1886, 
Allan L. McDermott; 1896, Lewis A. Thompson; 1901, Ed- 
ward C. Stokes; 1905, Vivian M. Lewis; 1909, Samuel 
K. Bobbins. 



CLERKS OF SUPREME COURT. 

(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Jonathan D. Sergeant (declined); 1776, Bowes Reed; 
1781, William C. Houston; 1788, Richard Howell; 1793, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1807, William Hyer; 1812, Garret D. Wall; 1817, 
Zachariah Rossell; 1842, Eli Morris; 1842, James Wilson; 
1852, William M. Force; 1857, Charles P. Smith: 1872, Benja- 
min F. Lee; 1897, William Riker, Jr.; 1912, Joseph P. 
Tumulty; 1913, William C. Gebhardt. 



138 STATE OFFICERS. 

STATE OFFICERS. 

(From 1776 to date.) 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Charles Pettit (resigned October 7th, 1778); 1778, 
Bowes Reed; 1794, Samuel W. Stockton; 1795, John Beatty; 
1805, James Linn; 1820, Daniel Coleman; 1830, James D. 
Westcott; 1840, Charles G. McChesney; 1851, Thomas S. 
Allison; 1861, Whitfield S. Johnson; 1866, Horace N. Congar; 
1870, Henry C. Kelsey; 1897, George Wurts; 1902, Samuel D. 
Dickinson; 1912, David S. Crater. 

STATE TREASURERS. 
(Term, three years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Richard Smith (resigned February 15th, 1777); 1777, 
John Stevens, Jr.; 1783, John Schureman (declined); 1783, 
James Mott; 1799, James Salter; 1803, Peter Gordon; 1821, 
Charles Parker; 1832, William Grant; 1833, Charles Parker; 
1836, Jacob Kline; 1837, Isaac Southard; 1843, Thomas Ar- 
rowsmith; 1845, Stacy A. Paxson; 1847, Samuel S. 
Stryker; 1848, Samuel Mairs; 1851, Rescarrick M, 
Smith; 1865, David Naar; 1866, Howard Ivins; 1868, 
William P. McMichael; 1871, Josephus Sooy, Jr.; 1875, 
Gershom Mott; 1876, George M. Wright; 1885, Jona- 
than H. Blackwell; 1885, John J. Toffey; 1891, George 
R. Gray; 1894, George B. Swain; 1902, Frank O. Briggs; 
1907, Daniel S. Voorhees; 1913, Edward E. Grosscup. 

STATE COMPTROLLERS. 
(Term, three years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1865, William K. McDonald; 1871, Albert L. Runyon; 1877, 
Robert F. Stockton; 1880, Edward J. Anderson; 1891, Wil- 
liam C. Heppenheimer; 1894, William S. Hancock; 1902, J. 
Willard Morgan; 1908, Harry J. West; 1911, Edward 
I. Edwards. 

ADJUTANT-GENERALS. 

. (Salary, $2,500.) 

1776, William Bott; 1793, Anthony Walton White; 1803. 

John Morgan; 1804, Ebenezer Elmer; 1804, Peter Hunt; 1810, 

James J. Wilson; 1812, John Beatty; 1814, James J. Wilson; 

1814, Charles Gordon; 1816, Zachariah Rossell; 1842, Tnomas 



STATE OFFICERS. 13d 

Cadwallader; 1858, Robert F. Stockton, Jr.; 1867, William S. 
Stryker: 1900. Alexander C. Oliphant; 1902, R. Heber Breint- 
nall; 1909, Wilbur F. Sadler, Jr. 

QUARTERMASTERS-GENERAL. 
(Salary, $2,500.) 

[The office of Quartermaster-General of New Jersey 
was established by an act of the Legislature, approved 
March 11, 1806.] 

1807-1814, Jonathan Rhea; 1814, Charles Gordon; 1814-1821, 
Ellet Tucker; 1821-1824, James J. Wilson; 1824-1837, Garret 
D. Wall; 1837-1855. Samuel R. Hamilton; 1855-1889, Lewis 
Perrlne; 1890-1905, Richard A. Donnelly; 1905— C. Edward 
Murray. , 

[General Lewis Perrine died In 1889 and the vacancy was 
filled by Adjutant-General Stryker until the appointment 
of General Donnelly. General Donnelly died February 
27, 1905.] 

STATE LIBRARIANS. 

(Term since 1878, five years — Salary, $3,000.) 

1822, William L. Frail; 1823 to '28, Charles Parker; 1829 to 
'33, William Boswell; 1833 to '36, Peter Forman; 1837 to '42, 
Charles C. Yard; 1843 to '45, Peter Forman; 1845 to '52, 
William D'Hart; 1852 to '53, Sylvester Vansickle; 1853 to 
•66. Charles J. Ihrie; 1866 to '69, Clarence J. Mulford; 1869 
to '71, Jeremiah Dally; 1872 to '83, James S. McDanolds: 

1884 to '99, Morris R. Hamilton; 1899 to , Henry C 

Buchanan. 

STATE PRISON KEEPERS. 

(Term since 1876, five years. Salary, $3,500.) 

Crooks; 1811, Henry Bellerjeau; Francis La- 



baw; 1829, Ephraim Ryno; 1830, Thomas M. Perrine; 
1836, Joseph A. Yard; 1839, John Voorhees; 1841, Jacob 
B. Gaddis; 1843, Joseph A. Yard; 1845, Jacob B. Gaddis; 
1851, William B. Vanderveer; 1857, Robert P. Stoll; 
1862, T. V. D. Hoagland; 1863, Joseph B. Walker; 1866, 
Peter P. Robinson; 1868, Joseph B. Walker; 1869, David 
D. Hennion; 1871, Robert H. Howell; 1873, Charles Wil- 
son; 1876, Gershom Mott; 1881, P. H. Laverty; 1885, 
John H. Patterson: 1896, Samuel S. Moore; 1902, George 
O. Osborne; 1912, Thomas B. Madden. 



140 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Below i 


s a record 


of the 


length 


of each 


session, the 


date 01 


meeting and adjournment of, and 


the number of laws 


enacted 


by the va 


rious Legislatures since the adoption of the new 


Constl- 


tution in 


1844: 




. 




Laws 


Joint 
Resolu- 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. enacted, tions. 


1845— January 14, 


April 


4, 


12 Weeks. 138 


7 


1846— ' 


13, 


•' 


18, 


14 


114 


15 


1847— ' 


12, 


M'ch 


5, 


8 


109 


13 


1848— ' 


11, 


'• 


9, 


* 


136 


14 


1849— ' 


9, 


" 


2, 


8 


136 


12 


1850— ' 


8, 


" 


8, 


9 


123 


9 


1851— 


14, 


«' 


19, 


10 


171 


3 


1852— ' 


13, 


• < 


30, 


11 


213 


9 


1853— 


12, 


" 


11, 


9 


198 


12 


1854— • 


10, 


" 


17, 


10 


223 


13 


1855— ' 


9, 


April 


6, 


13 


258 


5 


1856— ' 


8, 


M'ch 


14, 


10 


180 


11 


1857 - 


13, 




21, 


10 


223 


2 


1858— ' 


12, 


" 


18, 


10 


215 


8 


1859— ' 


11, 


" 


23, 


11 


231 


1 


1860— ' 


10, 


«« 


22, 


11 


270 


6 


1861— 


8, 


«« 


15, 


10 ' 


181 


2 


1862— 


14, 


«« 


28, 


11 


194 


5 


1863— 


13, 


«« 


25, 


11 


279 


3 


1864— ' 


12, 


April 


14, 


14 


446 


7 


1865— 


10, 


i> 


6, 


13 


514 


5 


1866— 


9, 


•' 


6, 


13 ♦ 


487 


6 


1867— 


' 18, 


•' 


12, 


12 • 


480 


12 


1868— 


14, 


<« 


17, 


14 


566 


11 


1869— 


12, 


«« 


2, 


12 ' 


577 


5 


1879— 


11, 


M'ch 


17, 


10 


532 


6 


1871— • 
1872— 


10, 
9, 


April 


6, 
4, 


13 
13 


' 625 
603 


9 
10 


1873— 


14. 


• • 


4, 


12 


723 


1 
1 

6 
6 
7 
3 
4 

10 
7 
6 
9 
4 
3 
3 

11 
8 
S 
6 
1 
2 


1874— 


13, 


M'ch 


27, 


11 


534 


1875— • 
1876— 


12, 

11, 


April 


9, 

21, 


13 
15 


439 
213 


1877— 


9. 


M'ch 


9, 


9 


• 156 


1878— • 


8, 


April 


5, 


13 


' 267 
209 
224 
230 
190 
208 
225 
250 
279 
182 
337 
297 
311 
285 
296 
292 


1879— ' 

1880— ' 

1881— • 

1882— ' 

1883— ' 

1884— ' 

1885— ' 
1886—* ' 
1887— t ' 

1888— ' 

1889— ' 


14, 

13, 

11, 

10, 

9, 

8, 

13. 

12. 

11, 

10, 

8, 


M'ch 

April 

June 
April 
M'ch 
April 


14, 

12, 

25, 

31, 

23, 

18, 

4, 

2, 

7, 

30, 

20, 


9 

9 
11 

12 • 
11 
15 
12 
15 
13 

12 ' 
15 


1890— • 

1891— ' 

1892— ' 

1893— * 


14, 
13, 
12, 
10, 


May 
M'ch 


23, 
20, 
11, 
11, 


19 ' 
10 ' 

9 

9 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



141 















Joint 












Laws 


Resoln- 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. 


enacted 


. tiong. 


1894— t Jan'y 


9. 


Oct. 


2, 


20 Weeks 


354 


7 


1895— § " 


8. 


June 


13, 


13 


434 


8 


1896— " 


14, 


M'ch 


26. 


11 


219 


2 


1897— " 


12. 


" 


31, 


12 


208 


1 


1898— " 


11, 


" 


25, 


11 


242 


2 


1899— •• 


10. 


*• 


24. 


11 


219 


3 


1900— " 


9, 


" 


23, 


11 


198 


3 


1901— " 


8. 


" 


22. 


11 


210 


2 


1902— " 


14, 


'« 


27. 


11 


279 


4 


1903— " 


13, 


April 


2. 


12 


273 


3 


1904— " 


12. 


M'ch 


25. 


11 


250 


10 


1905— " 


10. 


«• 


30. 


12 


270 


5 


1906— " 


9. 


April 


12. 


14 


331 


11 


1907— • " 


8, 


Oct. 


12, 


40 


290 


8 


1908— " 


14, 


April 


11, 


13 


322 


11 


1909— " 


12, 




16, 


14 


272 


8 


1910— " 


11, 


• • 


7, 


13 


308 


2 


1911— 


10. 


" 


21. 


15 


382 


8 


1912—** •' 


9. 


" 


16, 


15 


420 


10 


1913—***" 


14, 




3. 


12 


367 


6 



• After a session of 14 weeks the House took a recess on April 
16th till June 1st, The Senate continued In session, as a Court 
of Impeachment, till April 22d. when a recess was taken till June 
1st. Dp to the time of taking the recess the Senate and House 
were in session together 14 weeks, and the Senate, by itself, one 
week. 

t The Senate did not organize till February 1st 

t On May 26th a recess was taken until October 2d, when the 

Legislature re-assembled, and, without transacting any business, 

adjourned sine die at 3:30 in the afternoon. 

§ On March 22d, a recess was taken until June 4th, when the 

Legislature re-assembled, and, remaining in session two weeks, 

adjourned sine die on June 13th. 

• This Legislature was in continuous session 14 weeks, and on 
April 12 adjourned to June 18. Then there was another ad- 
journment, and subsequently frequent recesses were taken until 
final adjournment. 

** This Legislature was in session until March 29th, then took a 
recess to April 10th, and on April 11th took a recess to April 16th 
and then adjourned sine die. 

*** First special session, May 6th to 26th. Laws enacted, 22. 

*** Second special session, August 5th to 12th. Laws enacted, 2. 



142 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF NEW JER- 
SEY'S LEGISLATURES. 

(From 1845 to date.) 



1845 — Senate, 12 Whigs; 
Native American. 
1846— Senate, 12 Whigs; 
1847 — Senate, 
1848 — Senate, 
1849— Senate, 



7 Dems. House, 



Whigs; 27 Dems. 



12 Whigs; 
12 Whigs; 
10 Whigs; 



7 Dems. 

7 Dems. 

7 Dems. 

9 Dems. 

1850— Senate, 9 Whigs; 11 Dems. 
1851— Senate, 10 Whigs; 10 Dems. 
1852— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. 
1853— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. 
18.54— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. 
1855— Senate, 10 Dems.; 9 Whigs; 



House, 40 Whigs; 18 Dems. 
House, 38 Whigs; 20 Dems. 
House, 39 Whigs; 19 Dems. 
House, 33 Whigs; 25 Dems. 
House, 25 Whigs; 35 Dems. 
House, 28 Whigs; 30 Dems. 
House, 45 Dems.; 15 Whigs. 
House, 39 Dems.; 21 Whigs 
House. 40 Dems.; 20 Whigs. 
1 Native American. House, 



29 Dems.; 25 Whigs; 6 Native American. 



4 Native American. 
15 Native American. 
; 3 Know Nothings. 



House, 



House, 



Opposition. 

Dems.; 28 Reps.; 2 Amer- 



1856 — Senate, 11 Dems.; 5 Whigs 
30 Dems.: 14 Wliigs; 1 Ind. Dera.; 

1857 — Senate, 11 Dems.; 6 Whigs 
38 Dems.; combined opposition, 22. 

1858— Both Houses Democratic. 

1859 — Senate, Democratic. House, 

1860 — Senate, Democratic. House, 
lean. 

1861 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1862 — Senate, Democrats and Republicans, tie; Independent, 1. 
House^ Democratic. Democratic majority on joint ballot, 3. 

1863-64 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1865 — Senate, Democratic. House, a tie. 

1866-67 — Both Houses Republican. 

1868-69-70 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1871-72-73 — Both Houses Republican. 

1874 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
licans; 28 Democrats. 

1875 — Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats, 
crats; 19 Republicans. 

1876 — Both Houses Republican. 

1877 — Senate. 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. 

1878 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1879-80-81 — Both Houses Republican. 

1882- Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1883— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 35 Demo- 
crats; 25 Republicans. 

1884— Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1885— Both Houses Republican. 

1886 — Both Houses Republican. 

1887— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
crats, 26 Republicans; 2 Labor Democrats. 

1888 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
licans; 23 Democrats. 

1889 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans, 
ocrats; 28 Republicans. 

1890— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
crats; 28 Republicans. 



House, 32 Repub- 
House. 41 Donid- 



House, a tie. 



House, 32 Demo- 
House, 37 Repub- 
House, 32 Dem- 
House, 37 Demo- 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



143 



1891 — Senate, 14 Democrats; 7 Republicans, 
crats; 20 Republicans. 

1892 — Senate, 16 Democrats: 5 Republicans, 
crats; 18 Republicans. 

1893 — Senate, 16 Democrats; 5 Republicans, 
crats; 21 Republicans 

1894 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
licans; 20 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1895 — Senate, 16 Republicans; 5 Democrats, 
licans; 6 Democrats. 

1896 — Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
licans; 16 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1897 — Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
licans; 4 Democrats. 

1898-99— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democra 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1900 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
licans; 16 Democrats; 1 vacancy. 

190i — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats, 
licans; 15 Democrats. 

1902 — Senate. 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats, 
licans; 14 Democrats. 

1903-4 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
licans: 22 Democrats. 

1905 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
licans; 14 Democrats. 

1906 — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats, 
licans; 1 Ind. Rep.; 3 Democrats. 

1907— Senate, 15 Republicans; Democrats, 
crats; 29 Republicans. 

1908 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
licans; 20 Democrats. 

1909 — Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats, 
licans: 15 Democrats. 

1910— Senate, 15 Republicans; 6 Democrats, 
licans; 19 Democrats. 

1911 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
licans: 42 Democrats. 

1912 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
licans; 23 Democrats. 

1913 — Senate. 12 Democrats: 9 Republicans. 
crats: 8 Republicans; one vacancy. 

1914 — Semte. 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans, 
crats; 23 Republicans. 



House, 40 Demo- 
House, 42 Demo- 
House, 39 Demo- 
House, 39 Repub- 
House, 54 Repub- 
House, 43 Repub- 
House, 56 Repub- 
ts. House, 37 Re- 
House, 43 Repub- 
House, 45 Repub- 
House, 46 Repub- 
House, 38 Repub- 
House, 46 Repub- 
House, 56 Repub- 
House, 31 Demo- 
House, 40 Repub- 
House, 45 Repub- 
House, 41 Repub- 
House, 18 Repub- 
ITouse, 37 Repub- 
House, 51 Demo- 
House, 37 Demo- 



144 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF COUNCIL AND 

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF ASSEMBLY. 

(From 1776 to 1844, when the new Constituclon was formed.) 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

1776-81— John Stevens, Hunterdon. 
1782 —John Cox, Burlington. 
1783-84— Philemon Dickinson, Hunterdon. 
1785-88— Robert Lettls Hooper, Hunterdon. 
1789-92— Ellsha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1793-94— Thomas Henderson, Monmouth. 
1795 —Ellsha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1796-97— James Linn, Somerset. 
1798-1800— George Anderson, Burlington. 
1801-04— John Lambert, Hunterdon. 

1805 —Thomas Little, Monmouth. 

1806 —George Anderson, Burlington. 

1807 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1808 —Ebenezer Seeley, Cumberland. 

1809 —Thomas Ward, Essex. 
1810-11— Charles Clark, Essex. 

1812 —James Schureman, Middlesex. 

1813 —Charles Clark, Essex. 
1814-15— William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1816-22— Jesse Upson, Morris. 
1823-25— Peter J. Stryker, Somerset. 

1826 — Ephralm Bateman, Cumberland. 

1827 -Silas Cook, Morris. 

1828 —Charles Newbold, Burlington. 
1829-30— Edward Condict, Morris. 
1831-32— Elias P. Seeley, Cumberland. 

1833 — Mahlon Dickerson, Morris. 

1834 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

1835 —Charles Sitgreaves, Warren. 

1836 — Jeptha B. Munn, Morris. 
1837-38— Andrew Parsons, Passaic. 
1839- 40— Joseph Porter, Gloucester. 

1842 —John Cassedy, Bergen. 

1843 —William Chetwood, Essex. 

1844 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 145 



SPEAKERS. 



1776-78— John Hart, Hunterdon. 

Second Session 1778— Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1779 —Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1780 — Josiah Hornblower, Essex. 

1781 —John Mehelm, Hunterdon. 
1782-83— Ephralm Harris, Cumberland. 
1784 —Daniel Hendrickson, Monmouth. 
1784-86 — Benjamin Van Cleve. Hunterdon. 

1787 — Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 

1788 —Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1789 —John Beatty, Middlesex. 

1790 —Jonathan Dayton, Essex, 

1791 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1792-94— Silas Condict, Morris. 

1795 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1796 —James H. Imlay, Monmouth. 

1797 —Silas Condict, Morris. 
1798-1800-William Coxe, Burlington. 

1801 —Silas Dlckerson, Sussex. 

1802 —William Coxe, Burlington. 

1803 -Peter Gordon, Hunterdon. 
1804-07— James Cox, Monmouth. 
1808-09— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1810-11— William Kennedy, Sussex. 

1812 —William Pearson, Burlington. 

1813 —Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 
1814-15— Samuel Pennington, Essex. 

1816 —Charles Clark, Essex. 

1817 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1818-22— David Thompson, Jr., Morris. 
1823' —Lucius Q. C. Elmer, Cumberland. 
1824 —David Johnston, Hunterdon. 
1825-26— George K. Drake, Morris. 
1827-28— William B. Ewing, Cumberland. 
1829-31— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 
1832 —John P. Jackson, Essex. 
1833-35— Daniel B. Ryall, Monmouth. 

1836 —Thomas G. Haight, Monmouth 
1837-38— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1839 —William Stites, Essex. 
1840-41— John Emley, Burlington. 
1842 —Samuel B. Halsey, Morris. 
1843-44— Joseph Taylor, Cumberland. 

10 



146 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 



SENATE OFFICERS. 



PRESIDENTS. 



1845-48— John C. Smallwood, Gloucester. 
1849-50 — Ephraim Marsh. Morris. 

1851 —Silas D. Canfield. Passaic. 

1852 — John Manners, Hunterdon. 
1853-56 — W. C. Alexander, Mercer. 
1857-58— Henry V. Speer, Middlesex. 

1859 — Thomas R. Herring, Bergen. 

1860 — C. L. C. Gifford. Essex. 

1861 — Edmund Perry, Hunterdbn. 

1862 — Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1863 — Anthony Reckless, Monmouth. 

1864 — Amos Robbins. Middlesex. 

1865 —Edward W. Scudder, Mercer. 
, 1868 — James M. Scovel, Camden. 

1867 — Benjamin Buckley, Passaic. 
1868-69— Henry S. Little, Monmouth. 
1870 — Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 
1871-72— Edward Bettle, Camden. 
1873-75— John W. Taylor, Essex. 

1876 — W. J. Sewell, Camden. 

1877 — Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1878 — G. C. Ludlow, Middlesex. 
1879-80— W. J. Sewell, Camden. 
1881-82— G. A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1883 —J. J. Gardner, Atlantic. 

1884 — B. A. Vail, Union. 

1885 —A. V. Schenck, Middlesex. 
188G — John W. Griggs, Passaic. 

1887 — Frederick S. Fish, Essex, 

1888 — George H. Large, Hunterdon. 

1889 — George T. Werts, Morris. 

1890 — H. M. Nevius, Monmouth. 
1891-93 — Robert Adrain, Middlesex. 

1894 — Maurice A. Rogers, Camden. " 

1895 — Edward C. Stokes, Cumberland. 

1896 — Lewis A. Thompson, Somerset; Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1897 — Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1898 —Foster M. Voorhees, Union; William H. Skerm (pro 

tem.), Mercer. 

1899 — Charles A. Reed, Somerset. 

1900 — William M. Johnson, Bergen. 

1901 — Mahlon Pitney, Morris, 

1902 — C. Asa Francis, Monmouth. 

1903 — Elijah C, Hutchinson, Mercer. 

1904 —Edmund W. Wakelee, Bergen, 

J 905 — * Joseph Cross, Union; ♦Wm. J. Bradley, Camden, 
1900 —William J, Bradley, Camden. 

1907 — Bloomfleld H, Minch, Cumberland. 

1908 —Thomas J. Hillery, Morris. 



• Joseph Cross resigned on March 30, and he was succeeded by 
William J. Bradley, 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 147 

1909 — TSamuel K. Robblns, Burlington; Joseph S. Frellnghuy- 

sen, Somerset. 

1910 — ^Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, Somerset. 

1911 — Ernest R. Ackerman, Union. 

1912 — John Dyneley Prince, Passaic. 

1913 — * James F. Fielder, Hudson; James A. C. Johnson, Ber- 

gen (pro tem.). 

SECRETARIES. 

1845-47— Daniel Dodd, Jr., Essex. 
1848-50— Philip J. Gray, Camden. 
1851 — John Rogers, Burlington. 
1852-53— Samuel A. Allen, Salem. 
18.54 —A. R. Throckmorton, Hudson. 
1855-56 — A. R. Throckmorton. Monmouth. 
1857-58 — A. B. Chamberlain, Hunterdon. 
1859-60— John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1861 — Joseph J. Sleeper, Burlington. 
1862-63— Morris R. Hamilton, Camden. 
1864-65 — John H. Meeker, Essex. 
1866-67 — Enoch R. Borden, Mercer. 
1868-69 — Joseph B. Cornish, Warren. 
1870 — John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1871-74— John F. Babcock, Middlesex. 
1875-76— N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1877-78 — C. M. Jemison, Somerset. 
1879 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1880-82— George Wurts, Passaic. 
1883-85— W. A. Stiles, Sussex. 
1886-88— Richard B. Reading, Hunterdon. 

1889 — John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1890 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1891-92 — John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1893 — Samuel C. Thompson, Warren. 

1894 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1895-97— Henry B. Rollinson, Union. 
1898 — George A. Frey, Camden. 

1899-1900 — Augustus S. Barber, Jr., Gloucester. 
1901-02-03-04— Walter E. Edge, Atlantic. 
1905-10— Howard L. Tyler, Cumberland. 

1911 —William C. Murphey, Camden. 

1912 — Francis B. Davis, Gloucester. 

1913 —William L. Dill, Passaic. 

t Samuel K. Robbins resigned on April 16 and was succeeded 
by Joseph S. Frelinghuysen. 
* Became Acting Governor, March 1. 



148 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

ASSEM BLY OFF ICERS. 

SPEAKERS. 
??fn —Isaac Van Wagenen, Essex. 
I'oT^ .o~^^^^'^^ Howell, Cumberland. 
1847-48— John W. C. Evans, Burlington. 
1849 — Edw. W. Whelpley, Morris 
ToE? —John T. Nixon, Cumberland. 
if^i -^ohn H. Phillips, Mercer. 
1852 — John Huyler, Bergen. 
1853-54— John W. Fennimore, Burlington. 
1°55 —William Parry, Burlington. 
io ^ —Thomas W. Demarest, Bergen. 

1857 — Andrew Dutcher, Mercer. 

1858 — Daniel Holsman, Bergen 

1859 —Edwin Salter, Ocean. 

io«? ~^"^H° ^- Patterson, Monmouth. 

1861 — F. H. Teese, Essex. 

1862 —Charles Haight, Monmouth. 
1°«3 —James T. Crowell, Middlesex. 
}^^ —Joseph N. Taylor, Passaic. 

1865 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union 

1866 —John Hill, Morris. 

J^I ~^' ^' N- Curtis, Camden. 

1868 —Aug. O. Evans, Hudson. 
1869-70— Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1871 —Albert P. Condit, Essex. 

1872 —Nathaniel Nlles, Morris. 

1873 —Isaac L. Fisher, Middlesex. 

1874 —Garret A. Hobart, Passaic. 
}zl^ —George 0. Vanderbilt, Mercer. 
,o — JoliQ D- Carscallen, Hudson. 
}°ll —Rudolph F. Rabe, Hudson. 

1878 — John Egan, Union. 

1879 —Schuyler B. Jackson, Essex. 
J^? —Sherman B. Oviatt, Monmouth. 

1881 — Harrison VanDuyne, Essex 

1882 —John T. Dunn, Union. 

1883 — Thomas O'Connor, Essex. 
If84 — A. B. Stoney, Monmouth. 
1885-86— E. A. Armstrong, Camden. 
Jf^I —William M. Balrd, Warren. 
1888 —Samuel D. Dickinson. Hudson. 
J889 —Robert S. Hudspeth, Hudson. 
,o^,^n~?^- ^- Heppenheimer, Hudson. 
1891-92— James J. Bergen, Somerset. 
1893 — Thomas Flynn, Passaic. 

i^i ~t'^°^°„ ^A ^''"u Passaic; •Joseph Cross, Union. 

1895 — Joseph Cross, Union. 

1896 —Louis T. Derousse, Camden. 

1897 —George W. Macpherson, Mercer. 
"i^^"^^~**^^^^^ ^- Watkins, Gloucester 
1900 —Benjamin F. Jones, Essex. 
1901-02— William J. Bradley, Camden. 
1903 —John G. Horner, Burlington, 

^^•^Speaker Holt resigned on May 26th, and Mr. Cross succeeded 
** Became Acting Governor, October 18th. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 149 



1904-05 — John Boyd Avis, Gloucester. 

1906 — Samuel K. Robbins, Burlington. 

1907 — Edgar E. Lethbridge, Essex. 

1908 — Frank B. Jess, Camden. 

1909 —John D. Prince, Passaic. 

1910 — Harry P. Ward, Bergen. 

1911 — Edward Kenny, Hudson. 

1912 —Thomas F. McCran, Passaic. 

1913 — *Leon R. Taylor, Monmouth. 

CLERKS. 

1845 —Alexander G. Cattell, Salem. 

1846 —Adam C. Davis, Hunterdon. 
1847-50 — Alex. M. Cumming, Mercer. 
1851-52 — David Naar, Essex. 
1853-54— David W. Dellicker, Somerset. 
1855 — Peter D. Vroom, Hudson. 
1856-57 — William Darmon, Gloucester. 

1858 —Daniel Blauvelt, Essex. 

1859 — John P. Harker, Camden. 

1860 — D. Blauvelt, Jr., Essex. 
1861-62 — Jacob Sharp, Warren. 
1863-64— Levi Scobey, Monmouth. 
1865-66 — George B. Cooper, Cumberland. 
1867 — Ed. Jardine, Bergen. 
1868-70— A. M. Johnston, Mercer. 

1871 — A. M. Cumming, Mercer. 

1872-74 — Sinnlckson Chew, Camden, 

1875 — Austin H, Patterson, Monmouth. 

1876-77— John Y. Foster, Essex. 

1878 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1879-81 — C. O. Cooper, Morris. 

1882-83 — Arthur Wilson, Monmouth. 

1884 — Henry D. Winton, Bergen. 

1885-86 — Samuel Toombs, Essex. 

1887 — Joseph Atkinson, Essex. 

1888 — James P. Logan, Burlington. 
1889-90 — John J. Matthews, Union. 
1891-92 — Thos. F. Noonan, Jr., Hudson. 

1893 — Leonard Kalisch, Essex. 

1894 —J. Herbert Potts, Hudson. 
1895-97 — ^James Parker, Passaic. 
1898-99 — Thomas H. Jones, Essex. 
1907 — Michael W. Higgins, Essex. 
1900-06; 08-09-10 — James Parker, Passaic. 

1911 — Daniel A. Dugan, Essex. 

1912 — Upton S. Jeflferys, Camden. 

1913 —Mark F. Phillips, Essex. 

♦ Became Acting Governor October 28th. 



150 



STATE CENSUS. 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

Population by Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900 and 
1890. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 



1910. 

Absecon City 781 

First Ward 387 

Second Ward 394 

Atlantic City 46,150 

First Ward 9.910 

Second Ward 8,841 

Third Ward 12,825 

Fourth Ward 14,574 

Brigantine City 

Buena Vista Township 

Egg Harbor City 

Egg HarboT Township 

Folsom Borough 

Galloway Township 

Hamilton Township 

Hammonton Town 

Lin wood Borough 

Longport Borough 

Margate City 

Mullica Township 

Northfield City 

. First Ward 448 

Second Ward 418 

Pleasantville Borough 

Port Republic City 

Somers Point City 

First Ward 247 

Second Ward 357 

Ventnor City 

Weymouth Township 



1900. 
530 



1890. 
501 



27,838 13,Q55 



67 


99 


.... 


2,723 


1,646 


1,299 


2,181 


1,808 


1,439 


1,110 


1,863 


3,027 


232 






1,976 


2,469 


2,208 


2,271 


1,682 


1,512 


5,088 


3,481 


3,833 


602 


495 


536 


118 


80 


.... 


129 


69 




811 


880 


697 


866 






4,390 


2,182 




405 






604 


308 


191 


491 






899 


972 
46,402 


538 


71,894 


28,836 



BERGETN COUNTY. 



Allendale Borough 937 

Alpine Borough 377 

Bergenflelds Borough 1,991 

Bogota Borough 1,125 

Carstadt Borough 3,807 

Cliffside Park Borough 3,394 

Closter Borough 1,483 

Cresskill Borough 550 

Delford Borough 1,005 

Demarest Borough 560 

Dumont Borough 1,783 

East Rutherford Borough 4,275 



729 

337 

2,574 

968 


1,549 


486 
746 


527 


643 
2,640 


1,438 



218 




1,003 





2,139 




3,504 


1,028 


613 





3,224 


'.'.'.'. 


1,255 





891 


.... 


2,6i6 


'.'.'.'. 


804 




1,240 


781 


1,917 


998 


448 


.... 


536 




1,348 


.... 


1,298 


. . . . 


416 


. . . . 



STATE CENSUS. 151 

1910. 1900. 1890. 

Edgewater Borough 2,655 1,006 .... 

Emerson Borough 767 .... .... 

Englewood City 9,924 6,253 

First Ward 1,972 

Second Ward 2,140 

Third Ward 3,154 

Fourth Ward 2,658 

Englewood Cliff Borough 410 

Fairview Borough 2,441 

Fort Lee Borough 4,472 

Franljlin Township 1,954 

Garfield Borough 10,213 

Glen Rock Borough 1,055 

Harrington Park Borough 377 

Harrington Township 588 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough. . . . 2,155 

Hawarth Borough 588 

Hillsdale Township 1,072 

Hohokus Borough 488 

Hohokus Township 1,881 

Leonia Borough 1,486 

Little Ferry Borough - 2,541 

Lodi Borough 4,138 

Lodi Township 693 

Maywood Borough 889 

Midland Park Borough 2,001 

Midland Township 1,480 

Montvale Borough 522 

Moonachie Borough 638 .... .... 

New Barbadoes Township, co-ex- 
tensive with Hackensack 

Town 14,050 9,443 6,004 

First Ward 4,652 

Second Ward 2,724 

Third Ward 2,544 

Fourth Ward 2,589 

Fifth Ward 1,541 

North Arlington Borough 437 290 

Norwood Borough 564 .... .... 

Oakland Borough 568 .... 

Old Tappan Borough 305 269 

Orvil Township 970 1,207 

Overpeck Township 4,512 1,987 

Palisades Park Borough 1,411 644 .... 

Palisades Township 1,141 860 .... 

Park Ridge Borough 1,401 870 

Ramsoy Borough 1,667 .... . • . • 

Ridgefield Borough 966 584 

Ridgewood Township, co-exten- 
sive with Ridgewood Village, 5,416 2,685 

Riverside Borough 736 561 

Riverdale Township 450 .... .... 

Rutherford Borough 7.045 4,411 2,293 

Saddle River Borough 483 415 

Saddle River Township 3,047 1,954 

Teaneck Township 2,082 768 

Tenafly Borough 2,756 1,746 1,046 

Union Township 4,076 1,590 

Upper Saddle River Borough. . . 273 326 

Wallington Borough 3,448 1,812 



152 



STATE CENSUS. 



Washington Township 
Westwood Borough . . . 
Woodcliffi Borough .. . . 
Woodridge Borough .. . 



1910. 


1900. 


1890. 


100 


782 




1,870 


828 


.... 


470 


329 


. . . 


1,043 


582 


575 



138,002 78,441 47,226 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

Bass River Township 685 

Beverly City 2,140 

Beverly Township 2,337 

Bordentown City 4,250 

First Ward 1,882 

Second Ward 1,407 

Third Ward 961 

Bordentown Township 608 

Burlington City 8,336 

First Ward 1,639 

Second Ward 2,319 

Third Ward 2,373 

Fourth Ward 2,005 

Burlington Township 1,220 

Chester Township 5,069 

Chesterfield Township 1,130 

Cinnaminson Township 1,266 

Delran Township 1,031 

Easthampton Township 508 

Evesham Township 1,408 

Fieldsboro Borough 480 

Florence Township 4,731 

Lumberton Township . 1,768 

Mansfield Township 1,526 

Medford Township 1,903 

Mount Laurel Township 1,573 

New Hanover Township 948 

North Hanover Township 696 

Northampton Township 5,652 

Palmyra Township 2,801 

Pemberton Borough 707 

Pemborton Township 1,679 

Riverside Township 4,011 

Riverton Borough 1,788 

Shamong Township 483 

Southampton Township 1,778 

Springfield Township 1,278 

Tabernacle Township ; . 487 

Washington Township 579 

Westhampton Township 564 

Willingboro Township 562 

Woodland Township 475 

66,565 



800 


853 


1,950 


1,957 


1,804 


1,451 


4,110 


4,232 


488 


858 


7,392 


7,264 


1,061 


958 


4,420 


3,768 


1,143 


1,253 


1,078 


2,891 


890 


2,267 


584 


654 


1,429 


1,501 


459 


.... 


1,955 


1,922 


1,624 


1,799 


1,518 


1,671 


1,969 


1,864 


1.644 


1,699 


1,827 


1,962 


5,168 


5,376 


2,300 


.... 


771 


834 


1,493 


1,805 


2,581 


.... 


1,332 


1,075 


910 


958 


1,904 


1,849 


1,382 


1,670 


617 


310 


567 


688 


673 


739 


398 


327 



58,241 58,528 



STATE CENSUS. 



153 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 

1910. 

Audubon Borough 1.343 

Berlin Township 1,611 

Camden City 94,538 

First Ward 8,325 

Second Ward 8,498 

Third Ward 4,842 

Fourth Ward 4,545 

Fifth Ward 9,432 

Sixth Ward 7.979 

Seventh Ward 14.578 

Eighth Ward 8,742 

Ninth Ward 6,982 

Tenth Ward 8,132 

Elerenth Ward . . . 5,990 
Twelfth Ward . . . 6,493 

Center Township 3,200 

Chesilhurst Borough 246 

Clemonton Township 2,794 

Collingswood Borough 4,795 

Delaware Township 1,706 

Gloucester City 9,462 

First Ward 3.879 

Second Ward 5,583 

Gloucester Township 2,380 

Haddon Township 1,465 

Haddon Heights Borough 1,452 

Haddonfield Borough 4,142 

Merchantville Borough 1,996 

Oaklyn Borough 653 

Pensauken Township 4,169 

Vorhees Township 1,174 

Waterford Township 1.484 

Winslow Township 2,919 

Woodlyne Borough 500 



142,029 
CATE MAy'cOUNTY. 

Anglesea Borough 833 

Avalon Borough 230 

Cape May City 2,471 

Cape May Point Borough 162 

Dennis Township 1,751 

Holly Beach Borough 1,901 

Lower Township 1.188 

Middle Township 2.974 

Ocean City 1,950 

First Ward 994 

Second Ward 956 

Sea Isle City 551 

South Cape May Borough 7 

Upper Township 1,483 

West Cape May Borough 844 

Wildwood Borough 898 

Wildwood Crest Borough 103 

Woodbine Borough 2,899 

19,745 



1900. 
75,935 



161 



1890. 
58,3i3 



2,192 
283 


1,834 


l',633 
1,679 
6,840 


'539 
1,457 
6,564 


4.018 
2,012 


3.091 

888 


2,776 
1,608 


2.502 
1,225 


3,145 

969 

2,161 

2,392 


2,421 

2,408 



107,643 87,687 



161 



2,257 


2,136 


153 


167 


2,778 


1,707 


569 


217 


1,141 


1.156 


2,191 


2,368 


1,307 


452 


340 


766 


14 




1,351 


1,381 


696 


757 


150 


* * * * 



13,201 11.268 



154 STATE CENSUS. 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

1910. 1900. 1890. 

Bridgeton City 14,209 13,913 11,424 

First Ward 2.893 

Second Ward 3,145 

Third Ward 3,435 

Fourth Ward 3,071 

Fifth Ward 2,165 

Commercial Township 2,604 

Deerfleld Township 3,311 

Downe Township 1,519 

Fairfield Township 1,629 

Greenwich Township 1,145 

Hopewell Township 1,818 

Landis Township 6,435 

Lawrence Township 1,746 

Maurice River Township 2,124 

Millville City 12,451 

First Ward 3,866 

Second Ward 2,147 

Third Ward 3,641 

Fourth Ward 2,797 

Stow Creek Township 880 

Vineland Borough 5,282 



2,982 


2,344 


3,066 


2.614 


1.833 


1,793 


1,911 


1,688 


1,283 


1,173 


1,807 


1,743 


4,721 


3,855 


1.658 


1,729 


2,132 


2,279 


10,583 


10,002 


934 


972 


4,370 


3,822 



55,153 51,193 45,438 



ESSEX COUNTY. 

Belleville Township 9,891 5,907 3.487 

Bloomfleld Town 15,070 9,668 7,708 

First Ward 5,508 

Second Ward .... 4,547 

Third Ward 5,015 

Caldwell Borough 2,230 1,367 . ... 

Caldwell Township 7-04 1,619 3,638 

Cedar Grove Township. .. -1. . . 2,409 '••■ ^o'AAA 

East Orange City .' 34,371 21,506 13,282 

First Ward 4,301 

Second Ward 5,383 

Third Ward 9,243 

Fourth Ward 5,726 

Fifth Ward 9,718 

Essex Fells Borough 442 .... 

Glen Ridge Borough 3,260 1,960 

Irvington Town 11,877 5,255 

First Ward 3,399 

Second Ward 3,738 

Third Ward 4,740 

Livingston Township l,02o 1,412 1,197 

Milburn Township oMiR -.i'o«o I'iH 

Montclair Town 21,550 13,962 8,656 

First Ward 7,476 

Second Ward 4,604 

Third Ward 4,630 

Fourth Ward 4,840 



STATE CENSUS. 



155 



1910. 

Newark City 347,469 

First Ward 13,919 

Second Ward 13,736 

Third Ward 36,910 

Fourth Ward 13,756 

Fifth Ward 17,970 

Sixth Ward 20,944 

Seventh Ward . . . 22,474 

Eighth Ward 20,166 

Ninth Ward 15,805 

Tenth Ward 24,430 

Eleventh Ward . . 22,408 
Twelfth Ward . . . 19,789 
Thirteenth Ward. . 18,951 
Fourteenth Ward. . 35,828 
Fifteenth Ward. . . 19,622 
Sixteenth Ward... 30,761 

North Caldwell Borough 595 

Nutley Town 6,009 

First Ward 1,858 

Second Ward 2,155 

Third Ward 1,996 

Orange City 29,630 

First Ward 7,573 

Second Ward .... 4,754 

Third Ward 7,122 

Fourth Ward 6,402 

Fifth Ward 3,779 

Roseland Borough 486 

South Orange Township 2,979 

South Orange Village 6,014 

Verona Borough , 1,675 

West Caldwell Borough 494 

West Orange Town 10,980 

First Ward 3,205 

Second Ward .... 2,581 

Third Ward 2,081 

Fourth Ward .... 1,013 
Fifth Ward 2,100 



1900. 
246,070 



1890. 

181,830 



297 
3,682 



2,007 



24,141 18,844 



1,630 
4,608 



6,889 



1,078 
3,106 



4,358 



512,886 359,053 256,098 



GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 



Clayton Township, co-extensive 

with Clayton Borough 

Deptford Township 

East Greenwich Township 

Elk Township 

Franklin Township 

Glassboro Township 

Greenwich Township 

Harrison Township 

Logan Township 

Mantua Township 

Monroe Township 

National Park Borough 

Paulsboro Borough 



1,926 


1,989 


2,299 


2,524 


2,114 


1,681 


1,406 


1,323 


1,259 


1,022 


997 


.... 


2,603 


2,252 


2,021 


2,821 


2,677 


2,642 


874 


2,252 


1,900 


1,682 


1,569 


1,545 


1,523 


1,444 


1,523 


1,529 


2,101 


1,791 


3,015 


2,402 


1,945 


325 




.... 


2,121 





.... 



156 STATE CENSUS. 



Pitman Borougli 

South Harrison Township 

Swedesboro Borough 

Washington Township 

Wenonah Borough 

West Deptf ord Township 

Woodbury City 

First Ward 1,108 

Second Ward 2,192 

Third Ward 1,342 

Woolwich Township 1,136 2,291 2,035 



1910. 


1900. 


1890. 


1,950 






694 


706 


971 


1,477 






1,396 


1,252 


1,155 


645 


498 


383 


2,057 


1,951 


1,588 


4,642 


4,087 


3,911 



37,368 31,905 28,649 



HUDSON COUNTY. 

Bayonne City 55,545 32,722 19,033 

First Ward 11,457 

Second Ward 13,729 

Third Ward 9,501 

Fourth Ward 11,113 

Fifth Ward 9,745 

East Newark Borough 3,163 2,500 

Guttenberg Town 5,647 3,825 1,947 

Harrison Town 14,498 10,596 8,338 

First W^ard 3,967 

Second Ward 2,279 

Third Ward 3,026 

Fourth Ward 5,226 

Hobolsen City 70,324 59,364 43,648 

First Ward 11,657 

Second Ward .... 10,145 

Third Ward 19,207 

Fourth Ward 15,802 

Fifth Ward 13,513 

Jersey City 267,779 206,433 163,003 

First Ward 20,754 

Second Ward 22,025 

Third Ward 19,980 

Fourth Ward 16,793 

Fifth Ward 19,515 

Sixth Ward 17,570 

Seventh Ward . . . 22,616 

Eighth Ward 30,858 

Ninth Ward 22,201 

Tenth Ward 20,967 

Eleventh Ward . . 27,346 

Twelfth Ward 27,154 

Kearney Town 18,659 10,896 

First Ward 4,660 

Second Ward .... 5,597 

Third Ward 4,173 

Fourth Ward 4,229 

North Bergen Township 15,662 9,213 5,715 

First Ward 6,062 

Second Ward 5,128 

Third Ward 4,472 

Secaucus Borough 4,740 1,626 .... 



STATE CENSUS. 157 

1910. 1900. 1890. 

Union Town 21,023 15,187 10,643 

First Ward 5,518 

Second Ward 5.946 

Third Ward 9,559 

Weehawken Township 11,228 5,325 1 943 

First Ward 2,505 

Second Ward 3,144 

Third Ward 5,579 

West Hoboken Town 35,403 23,094 11.665 

First Ward 10.408 

Second Ward 13,141 

Third Ward 11,854 

West New York Town 13,560 5,267 .... 

First Ward 3,010 

Second Ward 3,560 

Third Ward 6,990 



537,231 386.048 275,126 



HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

Alexandria Township 1,045 1,045 1,250 

Bethlehem Township 980 1,634 2,308 

Bloomsbury Borough 600 .... .... 

Clinton Borough 836 816 .... 

Clinton Township 2,108 2,296 2,888 

Delaware Township 1,740 1,953 3,037 

East Amwell Township 1,203 1,327 1,375 

Franklin Township 1,099 1,258 1,287 

Frenchtown Borough 984 1,020 1,023 

Hampton Borough 914 998 

High Bridge Borough 1.545 1.377 

Holland Township 1,699 1,652 1,704 

Kingwood Township 1,265 1.304 1,424 

Lambertville City 4,657 4,637 4,142 

First Ward 1,354 

Second Ward 1.216 

Third Ward 2,087 

Lebanon Township 2,179 2,253 2,337 

Raritan Township, including 

Flemlngton Village 4.003 4.037 3,798 

Flemlngton Village 2,693 2,145 1,977 

Readlngton Township 2,569 2,670 2,813 

Stockton Borough 605 590 

Tewksbury Township 1,742 1,883 2,034 

Union Township 930 918 1,134 

West Amwell Township 866 839 866 

33,569 34,507 35,355 



MERCER COUNTY. 



East Windsor Township. 

Ewing Township 

Hamilton Township 

Hightstown Borough . . . 

Hopewell Borough 

Hopewell Township 



941 


894 


881 


1,889 


1.333 


3,129 


7,899 


4,164 


4,163 


1,879 


1,749 


1,875 


1,073 


980 




3.171 


3,360 


3.750 



158 



STATE CENSUS. 



1910. 

Lawrence Township 2,522 

Pennington Borough. 722 

Princeton Borough 5,136 

Princeton Township 1,178 

Trenton City 96,815 

First Ward 5,355 

Second Ward .... 4,901 

Third Ward 5,958 

Fourth Ward 10,371 

Fifth Ward 10,413 

Sixth Ward 3,863 

Seventh Ward .... 4,986 

Eighth Ward 5,694 

Ninth Ward 8,367 

Tenth Ward 9.502 

Eleventh Ward 11.818 

Twelfth Ward 5,166 

Thirteenth Ward.. 6,558 
Fourteenth Ward. . 3,863 

Washington Township 1,090 

West Windsor Township 1,342 



1900. 


1890. 


1,555 


1,448 


733 


588 


3,899 


3,422 


955 


809 


73,307 


57,458 



1,157 
1,279 



1,126 
1,329 



125,657 95,365 79,978 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY 



Cranbury Township 1,424 1,428 1,422 

Dunellen Borough 1,990 1,239 1,060 

East Brunswick Township 1,602 2,423 2,642 

Helmetta Borough 661 447 

Highland Park Borough 1,517 .... 

Jamesburg Borough 2,075 1,063 887 

Madison Township 1,621 1,671 1,520 

Metuchen Borough 2,138 1,786 770 

Milltown Borough 1,584 561 

Monroe Township 1,723 1,899 2,153 

New Brunswick Township, co- 
extensive with New Bruns- 
wick City 23,388 20,006 18,603 

First Ward 3,458 

Second Ward 3,712 

Third Ward 3,733 

Fourth Ward 3,959 

Fifth Ward 4,606 

Sixth Ward 3,920 

North Brunswick Township 990 847 1,238 

Perth Amboy Township, co-ex- 
tensive with Perth Amboy 
City 32,121 17,699 9,512 

First Ward 3,554 

Second Ward 3,031 

Third Ward 3,432 

Fourth Ward 7,234 

Fifth Ward 5,837 

Sixth Ward 9,033 

Piscataway Township 3,523 2,628 2,226 

Raritan Township 2,707 2,801 3,018 

Rooseyelt Borough 5,786 .... .... 



STATE CENSUS. 



159 



Sayreville Township 

South Amboy Township, co-ex- 
tensive with South Amboy 

City 

First Ward 1,843 

Second Ward 1,789 

Third Ward 1,794 

Fourth Ward 1,581 

South Brunswick Township,.., 

South River Borough 

Spottswood Borough 

Woodbridge Township 



1910. 
5,783 



7,007 



1900. 
4,155 



6,349 



2,443 


2,337 


4,772 


2,792 


623 




8,498 


7,631 



1890. 
3,509 



4,330 



2,403 
1,796 



4,665 



114,426 79,762 61,754 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

Allenhurst Borough 306 

Allentown Borough 634 

Asbury Park City 10,150 

First Ward 6,955 

Second Ward 3,195 

Atlantic Township 1,205 

Atlantic Highlands Borough... 1,645 

Avon Borough 426 

Belmar Borough 1,433 

Bradley Beach Borough 1,807 

Deal Borough 273 

Eatontown Township 2,076 

Engllshtown Borough 468 

Farmingdale Borough 416 

Freehold Town 3,233 

Freehold Township 2,329 

Highlands Borough 1,386 

Holmdel Township 1,058 

Howell Township 2,703 

Keyport Borough 3,554 

Long Branch City 13,298 

First Ward 1,669 

Second Ward 2.636 

Third Ward 2,494 

Fourth Ward 2,516 

Fifth Ward 1,985 

Sixth Ward 1,998 

Manalapan Township 1,375 

Manasquan Borough 1,582 

Marlboro Township 1,754 

Matawan Borough 1,646 

Matawan Township 1,472 

Mlddletown Township 6,653 

Millstone Township 1,461 

Monmouth Beach Borough 485 

Neptune Township 5,551 

Neptune City Borough 488 

Ocean Township 1,377 

Raritan Township 1,583 

Red Bank Borough 7,398 

Rumson Borough 1,449 

Seabrlght Borough - 1,220 



165 
695 

4,148 



1,410 
1,383 

'902 

982 

70 

3,021 

410 

2,934 
2,234 
1,228 
1,190 
3.103 
3.413 
8,872 



1,505 
945 



2,953 
444 

2,932 
2,165 

1,479 
3,018 
3,411 
7,231 



1,435 


1,558 


1,.500 


1,506 


1,747 


1,913 


1,511 


1,491 


1,310 


1,692 


5,47Q 


5,650 


1,509 


1,782 


7,943 


8,333 


1,009 




4,251 


2,978 


1,524 


1,368 


5,428 


4,145 



1.11 



160 



STATE CENSUS. 



1910. 

Shrewsbury Township 3,238 

Spring Lake Borough 853 

Upper Freehold Township 2,053 

Wall Township 3,817 

West Long Branch Borough . . . 879 



1900. 


1890. 


3,842 


4,222 


526 




2,112 


2,861 


3,212 


3,269 



94,734 82,057 69,128 



MORRIS COUNTY. 

Boonton Town 4,930 

Boonton Township 428 

Butler Borough 2,265 

Chatham Borough 1,874 

Chatham Township 812 

Chester Township 1,251 

Dover Town 7,468 

Plorham Park Borough 558 

Hanover Township 6,228 

Jefferson Township 1,303 

Madison Borough 4,658 

Mendham Borough 1,129 

Mendham Township 792 

Montville Township 1,944 

Morris Township 3.161 

Morristown Town 12,507 

First Ward 3.498 

Second Ward 4.011 

Third Ward 2.707 

Fourth Ward 2,291 

Mt. Arlington Borough 277 

Mt. Olive Township 1,160 

Netcong Borough. 1,532 

Passaic Township 2,165 

Pequanac Township 1,921 

Randolph Township 2,307 

Rockaway Borough 1,902 

Rockaway Township 4,835 

Roxhury Township 2.414 

Washington Township 1.900 

Wharton Borough 2,983 

74,704 



3,901 




4,710 


3,307 


1,361 


780 


620 


1,432 


1,409 


1,625 


5,938 


.... 


752 




5,366 


4,481 


1,341 


1,611 


3,754 


2,469 


1,600 


1.266 


1,908 


1,333 


2,571 


1,999 


11,267 


8,156 


275 




1,221 


1,848 


941 




2.141 


1,821 


3,250 


2,862 


2,246 


7,972 


1,483 




4,528 


6,033 


2.185 


2,739 


2.220 


2,367 


2,069 






65,156 54,101 



OCEAN COUNTY. 

Barnegat City Borough 70 

Bay Head Borough 281 

Beach Haven Borough 272 

Berkeley Township 597 

Brick township 2,177 

Dover Township 2,452 

Eaglewood Township 550 

Harvey Cedars Borough....... 33 

Island Heights Borough 313 

Jackson Township 1,325 

Lacey Township 602 

Lake wood Township 5,149 



247 


.... 


239 




694 


786 


2,130 


4,065 


2,618 


2,609 


563 


791 


39 


. 


316 


271 


1,595 


1,717 


718 


711 


3.094 





Lavalette Borough 

Little Egg Harbor Township... 

Long Beach Township 

Manchester Township 

Ocean Township 

Plumsted Township 

Point Pleasant Beach Borough, 

Seaside Park Borough 

Stafford Township 

Surf City Borough 

Tuckertoii Borough 

Union Township 



STATE CENSUS. 161 

1910. 1900. 1890. 



42 


21 




388 


1,856 


.... 


107 


152 




1,112 


1,033 


1,057 


397 


436 


482 


1,123 


1,204 


1,327 


1,003 


746 




101 


73 




934 


1,009 


1,095 


40 


9 




1,268 




. . . 


982 


955 


1,063 



21,318 19,747 15,974 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 

Acquackanonk Township 11,869 5,351 2,562 

Haledon Borough 2.560 .... 

Hawthorne Borough 3,400 2,096 

Little Falls Township 3.750 2,908 1,890 

North Haledon Borough 749 .... .... 

Passaic City 54,773 27,777 13,028 

First Ward 22.266 

Second Ward .... 7,719 

Third Ward 5.411 

Fourth Ward 19,377 

Paterson City 125,600 105,171 78,347 

First Ward 13.659 

Second Ward .... 17.378 

Third Ward 13,848 

Fourth Ward 16.282 

Fifth Ward 7.679 

Sixth Ward 4,726 

Seventh Ward .... 7,715 

Eighth Ward 9.028 

Ninth Ward 13.966 

Tenth Ward 10,450 

Eleventh Ward... 10,869 

Pompton Township 4,044 2.404 2,153 

Pompton Lakes Borough 1,060 847 

Prospect Park Borough 2.719 .... .... 

Totowa Borough 1,130 562 

Wayne Township 2,281 1,985 2,004 

West Milford Township 1,967 2,112 2,486 

215,902 155,202 105,046 



SALEM COUNTY. 

Alloway Township 1,533 1,528 1,675 

Elmer Borough 1,167 1,140 842 

Elslnboro Township 419 445 524 

Lower Alloways Creek Township, 1,252 1,242 1,308 

Lower Penns Neck Township.. 1,544 1,424 1,289 

Mannlngton Township 1,606 1,745 1,870 

Oldmans Township 1,364 1,382 1,432 

Pennsgrove Borough 2,118 1,826 .... 

11 



162 



STATE CENSUS. 



Pilesgrove Township ; 

Pittsgrove Township 

Quinton Township 

Salem City 

East Ward 3,744 

West Ward 2.870 

Upper Penns Neck Township.. 

Upper Pittsgrove Township.... 

Woodstown Borough 



1910. 
1,786 
2,394 
1,091 
6,614 



744 
1,754 
1,613 



1900. 
1,744 
2,092 
1,280 
5,811 



775 
1,725 
1,371 



1890. 
1,796 
1,914 
1,307 
5,516 



2.239 
1,923 
1,516 



26,999 25,530 25,151 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 

Bedminster Township 2,375 

Bernards Township 4,608 

Bound Brooli Borough 3,970 

BranchbuTg Township 970 

Bridgewater Township 1,742 

East Millstone Town 356 

Franklin Township 2,395 

Hillsboro Township 2,313 

Millstone Borough 157 

Montgomery Township 1,637 

North Plainfield Borough 6,117 

North Plainfield Township 886 

Raritan Town 3,672 

Rocky Hill Boroi:gh 502 

Somerville Borough 5,060 

South Bound Brook Borough. . 1,024 

Warren Township 1,036 

38,820 



1,925 


1,749 


3,066 


2,558 


O QOO 


1,462 


1,012 


1,152 


1,601 


1,444 


447 


475 


2.398 


2.478 


2,439 


2,825 


200 


. 


1,243 


1,655 


5,009 




654 


4.250 


3,244 


2,556 


354 




4,843 


3,861 


883 


801 


1,008 


1,045 



32.948 28,311 



SUSSEX COUNTY. 



Andover Borough . . . 
Andover Township . . 
Branchville Borough 
Byram Township . . . 
Frankford Township 
Fredon Township . . . 
Green Township . . . . 
Hampton. Township . 
Hardyston Township 
Hopatcong Borough . 
Lafayette Township . 
Montague Township . 

Newton Town 

Sandyston Township 
Sparta Township . . . 
Stanhope Borough . , 
Stillwater Township 
Sussex Borough . . . , 
Vernon Township . . . 
Walpack Township . . 
Wantage Township . , 



521 


987 


l',i26 


663 


526 


.... 


1,055 


1,235 


1,380 


1,004 

457 
888 


932 


1,459 


627 


636 


671 


775 


866 


5,210 


3,425 


2,542 


146 


75 




683 


717 


742 


621 


710 


797 


4,467 


4,376 


3,003 


855 


939 


1,084 


1,579 

1,031 

796 


2,070 


1,724 


1,108 


1,296 


1,212 


1,306 


993 


1,675 


1,738 


1,756 


286 


371 


436 


2,077 


2,217 


2,419 



26,781 24,134 22,259 



STATE CENSUS. 163 



UNION COUNTY. 



399 


.... 


1,200 


1,305 


'402 


'936 


619 


125 


367 




565 


.... 


469 


839 


15,369 


11,267 



1910. 1900 1890. 

Clark Township 469 374 367 

Cranford Township ....' 3.641 2.854 1,717 

Elizabeth City 73,409 52,130 37,764 

First Ward 8.103 

Second Ward 6,228 

Third Ward 7,667 

Fourth Ward 5,303 

Fifth Ward 6.122 

Sixth Ward 6.286 

Seventh Ward 6,800 

Eighth Ward 6,735 

Ninth Ward • 4,725 

Tenth Ward 5,129 

Eleventh Ward 4,836 

Twelfth Ward 5,475 

Fanwood Borough 471 

Fanwood Township 1,616 

Garwood Borough 1,118 

Kenilworth Borough 779 

Linden Borough 610 

Linden Township 1,988 

Mountainside Borough 362 

New Providence Borough 873 

New Providence Township 526 

Plainfleld City 20,550 

First Ward 3.629 

Second Ward 5,073 

Third Ward 4,454 

Fourth Ward 7,394 ^ ^^_ ^^^. 

Rahway City 9,337 7,93o 7,10o 

First Ward 2,072 

Second Ward 1,925 

Third Ward 2,411 

Fourth Ward 1,772 

Fifth Ward 1,157 

Roselle Borough 2,725 l,6o2 996 

Roselle Park Borough ?4?^ /A-o ' n-n 

Springfield Township 1,246 1.0 iS 9o9 

Summit City 7,500 5,302 3,502 

First Ward 3.604 

Second Ward 3,896 

Union Township 3,419 4,315 2,846 

Westfield Town 6,420 

First Ward 2,249 

Second Ward 1,097 

Third Ward 1.532 

Fourth Ward .... 1,542 

140,197 99,353 72,467 

WARREN COUNTY. 

Allamuchy Township 642 

Belvidere Town 1,764 

Blairstown Township 1,718 

Franklin Township 1,585 

Frelinghuysen Township 1,074 



588 


759 


1,784 


1,768 


1,576 


1,662 


1,280 


1,283 


797 


879 



164 



STATE CENSUS. 



Greenwicli Township 904 

Hackettstown Town 2,715 

Hardwick Township 405 

Harmony Township 1,490 

Hope Township 1,119 

Independence Township 867 

Knowlton Township 1,556 

Lopatcong Township 766 

Mansfield Township 1,238 

Oxford Township 3,444 

Pahaquarry Township 205 

Phillipsburg Town 13,903 

First Ward 2,583 

Second Ward 2,170 

Third Ward 2,411 

Fourth Ward 1,984 

Fifth Ward 2,295 

Sixth Ward 2,460 

Pohatcong Township 3,202 

Washington Borough 3,567 

Washington Township 1,023 



1900. 


1890. 


909 


825 


2,474 


2,417 


400 


503 


1,080 


1,152 


1,144 


1,332 


805 


904 


1,210 


1,411 


1,962 


1,738 


1,324 


1,362 


3,095 


4,002 


257 


291 


10,052 


8,644 



2,215 
3,580 
1,249 



1,483 
2,834 
1,304 



43,187 37,781 36,553 



Popnlatlon of Incorporated Places, 1910, 1900 and 1890. 



1910. 

Absecon City 781 

Allendale Borough 937 

Allenhurst Borough 306 

Allentown Borough 634 

Alpine Borough 377 

Andover Borough 884 

Anglesea Borough 833 

Asbury Park City 10,150 

Atlantic City 46,150 

Atlantic Highlands Borough... 1,645 

Audubon Borough 1,343 

Avalon Borough 230 

Avon Borough 426 

Barnegat City Borough 70 

Bay Head Borough . 281 

Bayonne City 55,545 

Beach Haven Borough 272 

Belmar Borough 1,433 

Belvidere Town 1,764 

Bergenfleld Borough 1,991 

Beverly City 2,140 

Bloomfield town 15,070 

Bloomsbury Borough 600 

Bogota Borough 1,125 

Boonton Town 4.930 

Bordentown City 4,250 

Bound Brook Borough 3,970 

Bradley Beach Borough 1,807 

Branchville Borough 663 

Brldgeton City 14,209 

Brlgantine City 67 



1900. 
530 
694 
165 
695 



161 

4,148 

27,838 

1,383 



93 



247 
32,722 

239 

902 
1,784 

729 
1,950 
9,668 

"337 

3,901 

4,110 

2,622 

982 

526 

13,913 



1890. 
501 



161 



13,055 
945 



19,033 



1,768 



1,957 
7,708 



4,232 
1,462 



11,424 



STATE CENSUS. 165 



1910. 

Burlington City 8,336 

Butler Borougli 2,265 

Caldwell Borough 2,236 

Camden City 94,538 

Cape May City 2,471 

■Cape May Point Borough 162 

Carlstadt Borough 3,807 

Chatham Borough 1,874 

Chesilhurst Borough 246 

Clayton Borough 1,926 

Cliffside Park Borough 3,394 

Clinton Borough 836 

Closter Borough 1,483 

Collingswood Borough 4,795 

Cressklll Borough 550 

Deal Borough 273 

Delford Borough 1,005 

Demarest Borough 560 

Dover Town 7,468 

Dumont Borough 1,783 

Dunellen Borough 1,990 

East Millstone Town 356 

East Newark Borough 3,163 

East Orange City 34.371 

East Rutherford Borough 4,275 

Edgewater Borough 2,655 

Egg Harbor City 2,181 

Elizabeth City 73,409 

Elmer Borough 1,167 

Emerson Borough 767 

Englewood City 9,924 

Englewood Cliffs Borough 410 

Englishtown Borough 468 

Essex Fells Borough 442 

Pairview Borough 2,441 

Fanwood Borough 471 

Farmingdale Borough 416 

Fieldsboro Borough 480 

Flemington Village 2,693 

Florham Park Borough 558 

Folsom Borough 232 

Fort Lee Borough 4.472 

Freehold Town 3,233 

Frenchtown Borough 984 

Garfield Borough 10,213 

Garwood Borough 1,118 

Glen Ridge Borough 3,260 

Glen Rock Borough 1,055 

Gloucester City 9,462 

Guttenberg Town 5,647 

Hackensack Town 14,050 

Hackettstown Town 2,715 

Haddon Heights Borough 1,452 

Haddonfleld Borough . 4,142 

Haledon Borough 2,560 

Hammonton Town 5,088 

Hampton Borough 914 

Harrington Park Borough .... 377 

Harrison Town 14,498 

Haryey Cedars Borough 83 



1900. 


1890. 


7,392 


7,264 


1,367 




75,935 


58,313 


2,257 


2,136 


153 


167 


2,574 


1,549 


1,361 


780 


283 




1,951 


1,807 


968 




816 





1,633 


*539 


486 


527 


70 




746 





5,938 




643 


. . 


1,239 


1,060 


447 


475 


2,500 




21,506 


13,282 


2,640 


1,438 


1,006 




1,808 


1,439 


52,130 


37,764 


1,140 


842 


6,253 


.... 


218 




410 


444 


1,003 


.... 


399 





459 


.... 


2,145 


1,977 


752 





2,934 


2,932 


1,020 


1,023 


3,504 


1,028 


1,960 


'.'.'.'. 


613 


.... 


6.840 


6,564 


3,825 


1,947 


9,443 


6,004 


2,474 


2,417 


2,776 


2,502 


3,481 


3,833 


998 




10,596 


8,338 


30 





166 STATE CENSUS. 

„ ^ 1910. 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough... 2,155 

Haworth Borough 588 

Hawthorne Borough 3,400 

Helmetta Borough 661 

High Bridge Borough 1,545 

Highland Park Borough 1,517 

Highlands Borough 1,386 

Hightstown Borough 1,879 

Hoboken City 70,324 

Hohokus Borough 488 

Holly Beach Borough 1,901 

Hopatcong Borough 146 

Hopewell Borough 1,073 

Irvington Town 11,877 

Island Heights Borough 313 

Jamesburg Borough 2,075 

Jersey City 267,779 

Kearney Town 18,659 

Kenilworth Borough 779 

Keyport Borough 3.554 

Lambertville City 4,657 

Lavalette Borough 42 

Leonia Borough 1.486 

Linden Borough 610 

Linwood Borough 602 

Little Ferry Borough 2,541 

Lodi Borough 4,138 

Long Branch City 13,298 

Longport Borough 118 

Madison Borough 4,658 

Manasquan Borough 1,582 

Margate City 129 

Matawan Borough 1,646 

Maywood Borough 889 

Mendham Borough 1,129 

Merchantville Borough 1,996 

Metuchen Borough 2,138 

Midland Park Borough 2,001 

Millstone Borough 157 

Milltown Borough 1,584 

Millville City 12,451 

Monmouth Beach Borough 485 

Montclair Town 21,550 

Montvale Borough 522 

Moonachie Borough 638 

Morristown Town 12,507 

Mountainside Borough 362 

Mount Arlington Borough 277 

National Park Borough 325 

Neptune City Borough 488 

Netcong Borough 1,532 

Newark City 347,469 

New Brunswick City 23,388 

New Providence Borough. 873 

Newton Town 4,467 

North Arlington Borough 437 

North Caldwell Borough 595 

Northfield City 866 

North Haledon Borough 749 . . . . 

North Plalnfieia Borough 6,117 5.000 



1900. 


1890. 


1,255 




2,096 





447 




1,377 





1,228 


■ • * • 


1,749 


1,875 


59,364 


43,648 


569 


217 


75 




980 


.... 


5,255 


.... 


316 


271 


1,063 


887 


206,433 


163,003 


10,896 





3,413 


3,411 


4,637 


4,142 


21 




804 




402 


936 


495 


536 


1,240 


781 


1.917 


998 


8,872 

80 

3,754 


7,231 


2,469 


1,500 

69 

1,511 


1,506 


1,491 


536 





1,608 


1,225 


1,786 


770 


1,348 




200 




561 


, 


10,583 


10,002 


13,962 


8,656 


416 




11.267 


8,156 


367 




275 




1,669 




941 




246.070 


181.830 


20,006 


18,603 


565 




4,376 


3,003 


290 




297 





STATE CENSUS. 

1910. 

Norwood Borougli 564 

Nutley Town 6,009 

Oakland Borough 568 

Oaklyn Borough 653 

Ocean City 1,950 

Old Tappan Borough 305 

Orange City 29,630 

Palisades Park Borough 1,411 

Park Ridge Borough 1,401 

Passaic City 54,773 

Paterson City 125,600 

Paulsboro Borough 2,121 

Pemberton Borough 797 

Pennington Borough 722 

Pennsgrove Borough 2,118 

Perth Amboy City 32,121 

Phillipsburg Town 13,903 

Pitman Borough 1,950 

PlainfleW City 20,550 

Pleasantville Borough 4,390 

Point Pleasant Beach Borough, 1,003 

Pompton Lakes Borough 1,060 

Port Republic City 405 

Princeton Borough 5,136 

Prospect Park Borough 2,719 

Rahway City 9,337 

Ramsey Borough 1,667 

Raritan Town 3,672 

Red Bank Borough 7,398 

Ridgefield Borough 966 

Ridgewood Village 5,416 

Riverside Borough 736 

Riverton Borough 1,788 

Rockaway Borough 1,902 

Rocky Hill Borough 502 

Roosevelt Borough 5,786 

Roseland Borough 486 

Roselle Borough 2,725 

Roselle Park Borough 3,138 

Rumson Borough 1,449 

Rutherford Borough 7,04o 

Saddle River Borough 483 

Salem City 6,614 

Seabright Borough 1,220 

Sea Isle City 551 

Seaside Park Borough 101 

Secaucus Borough '^'It] 

Somers Point City 604 

Somervllle Borough 5,060 

South Amboy City 7,007 

South Bound Brook Borougli. . . 1.024 

South Cape May Borough 7 

South Orange Village 6,014 

South River Borough 4,772 

Spottswood Borough o^g 

Spring Lake Borough «5d 

Stanhope Borougli l.Odi 

Stockton Borough 605 

Summit City 7,500 

Surf City Borough •*" 





167 


1900. 


1890. 


3,682 


2,007 


1,307 

269 

24,141 

644 

870 

27,777 

105,171 


'452 
18,844 

13,028 

78,347 


771 

733 

1,826 

17,699 

10,052 


834 
588 

9,512 
8,644 


15,369 

2,182 

746 

847 


11,267 


3,899 


3,422 


7,935 


7,105 


3,244 
5,428 

584 
2,685 

561 
1,332 
1,483 

354 


2,556 
4,145 

1,047 

1,075 



1,652 



4,411 

415 
5,811 
1,198 

340 

73 

1,626 

308 
4.843 
6,349 

883 

14 

4,608 

2,792 

'526 

'596 
5,302 



996 

2,293 

5',5i6 

'766 



191 
3,861 
4,330 

801 

3,166 
1,796 



3,502 



168 



STATE CENSUS. 



1910. 1900. 1890. 

Sussex Borough 1,212 1,306 993 

Swedesboro Borough 1,477 .... .... 

Tenafly Borough 2,756 1,746 1,046 

Totowa Borough 1,130 562 .... 

Trenton City 96,815 73,307 57,458 

Tuckerton Borough 1,268 .... .... 

Union Town 21,023 15,187 10,643 

Upper Saddle River Borough. . . 273 326 .... 

Ventnor City 491 .... .... 

Verona Borough 1,675 .... .... 

Vineland Borough 5.282 4,370 3,822 

Wallington Borough 3.448 1.812 

Washington Borough 3,567 3,580 2,834 

Wenonah Borough 645 498 383 

West Caldwell Borough 494 .... 

West Cape Mav Borough 844 696 757 

Westfield Town 6,420 .... 

West Hoboken Town 35,403 23,094 11,665 

West Long Branch Borough .... 879 .... .... 

West New York Town 13.560 5,267 

West Orange Town 10.980 6,889 4,358 

Westwood Borough 1,870 828 

Wharton Borough 2,983 2,069 .... 

Wildwood Borough 898 150 

Wildwood Crest Borough 103 .... 

Woodbine Borough 2,399 .... 

Woodbury Citv 4,642 4,087 3,911 

Woodcliff Borough 470 329 

Woodlvnne Borough 500 .... .... 

Woodbridge Borough 1,043 582 575 

Woodstown Borough 1,613 1,371 1,516 



STATE CENSUS. 



169 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES, 
SINCE 1790. 







1790. 


1800. 


1810. 


1820. 


1830. 


1840. 


Atlantic 














8726 


Bergen 




12601 


15156 


16603 


18178 


22414 


13190 


Burlington .. 




18095 


21521 


24979 


28822 


31107 


32809 
5324 


Camden 

Cape May.... 




257i 


3066 


3632 


4265 


4945 


Cumberland 




8248 


9529 


12670 


12668 


14091 


14322 


Essex 




17785 


22269 


25894 


30793 


41928 


44512 


Glouce.ster .. 




13363 


16115 


19744 


23089 


28431 


25509 


Hudson 
















9451 


Hunterdon .. 




20253 


21261 


24553 


28604 


31066 


24661 


Mercer 














21498 


Middlesex .. 




15956 


17890 


20381 


21470 


23157 


21873 


Monmouth . . 




16918 


19872 


22150 


25038 


29233 


32912 


Morris 




16216 


17750 


21828 


21368 


23580 


25777 


Ocean 





















Passaic 




16704 


Salem 




10437 


11371 


12761 


14022 


14155 


16012 


Somerset — 




12296 


12815 


14728 


16506 


17689 


17457 


Sussex 





19500 


22534 


25549 


32752 


20349 


27773 


Union 







211149 


245562 


277575 


i8634 
320779 




Warren 





20342 


Total 


184239 


372859 




1850. 


1860. 


1870. 
14163 


1880. 
18704 


1890. 


1900. 
46402 


1905. 


Atlantic 


. 8964 


11835 


28836 


59862 


Bergen 


. 14708 


21618 


31033 


36786 


47226 


78441 


100003 


Burlington .. 


. 43204 


49370 


53774 


55402 


58528 


58241 


62042 


Camden 


. 25569 


34457 


46206 


62942 


87687 


107643 


121555 


Cape May — 


. 6432 


7130 


8529 


9768 


11268 


13201 


17390 


Cumberland 


.. 17003 


22605 


3-1688 


37687 


45438 


51193 


52110 


Essex 


. 73995 


98875 


143907 


189929 


256698 


359053 


409928 


Gloucester .. 


. 14653 


18444 


21727 


25886 


28649 


31905 


34477 


Hudson 


,. 21874 


62717 


129288 


187994 


275126 


386048 


.449879 


Hunterdon .. 


.. 29064 


33654 


36961 


38570 


35355 


34507 


33258 


Mercer 


,. 27991 


37411 


46470 


58061 


79978 


95365 


110516 


Middlesex .. 


. 28671 


34810 


45057 


52286 


61754 


79762 


97036 


Monmouth ., 


.. 30234 


39345 


46316 


55538 


69128 


82057 


87919 


Morris 


.. 30173 


34679 


43161 


E0861 


54101 


65156 


67934 


Ocean 


,. 10043 


11176 


12658 


14455 


15974 


19747 


20880 


Passaic 


.. 22577 


29013 


464«8 


68860 


105046 


155202 


175858 


Salem 


,. 19500 


22458 


23951 


24579 


25151 


25530 


26278 


Somerset ... 


.. 19668 


22057 


23514 


27162 


28311 


32948 


36270 


Sussex , 


.. 22990 


23845 


23168 


23539 


22259 


24134 


23325 


Union , 




27780 


41891 


55571 


72467 


99353 


117211 


Warren 


.. 22390 


28834 


34419 36589 36553 37781 
907149 1131116 1444933 1883669 


40403 


Total 


..489703 


672073 


2144134 



For 1910 population see next page. 



170 STATE CENSUS. 



Popiilntlon by Counties, Since 1890. 

1910. 1900. 1890. 

Atlantic 71,894 46,402 28,836 

Bergen 138,002 78,441 47,226 

Burlington 66,565 58,241 58,528 

Camden 142,029 107.643 87,687 

Cape May 19.745 13,201 11,268 

Cumberland 55.153 51,193 45,438 

Essex 512.886 359.053 256,098 

Gloucester 37,368 31,905 28,649 

Hudson 537,231 386,048 275,126 

Hunterdon 33,569 34.507 35.355 

Mercer 125.657 95,365 79,978 

Middlesex 114.426 79.762 61,754 

Monmouth 94,734 82,057 69.128 

Morris 74,704 65,156 54,101 

Ocean 21.318 19.747 15,974 

Passaic 215,902 155.202 105,046 

Salem 26.999 25.530 25,151 

Somerset 38.820 32,948 28.311 

Sussex 26,781 24,134 22,259 

Union 140,197 99.353 72.467 

Warren 43,187 37,781 36,553 



The State 2,537,167 1,883,669 1,444,933 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 171 

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES— 1910. 

STATES. 1910. 1900. Increase. P.O. 
The U. S. (exclusive of 

PhilippiQes) 93,402,151 77,256,630 16,145,521 20.9 

Continental D. S 91,972,266 75,994,575 15,977,691 21.0 

Alabama 2,138,093 1,828 697 309,396 16.9 

Arizona 204,354 122.931 81,423 66.2 

Arkansas 1,574,449 1,311,564 262.885 20.0 

California 2,377,549 1,485,053 892,496 60.1 

Colorado 799,024 539,700 259,324 48.0 

Connecticut 1,114,756 908,420 206,336 22.7 

Delaware 202,322 184,735 17,587 9.5 

District of Columbia 331,069 278,718 52,351 18.8 

Florida 751,139 528,542 222..597 42.4 

Georgia 2,609,121 2,216,331 392.790 17.7 

Idaho 325,594 161,772 163,822 101.3 

Illinois 5,638,591 4,821,550 817,041 16.9 

Indiana 2,700,876 2,516.462 184,414 7.3 

Iowa 2,224,771 2,231.853 •7.082 •0.3 

Kansas 1,690,949 1,470,495 220,454 15.0 

Kentucky 2,289,905 2,147,174 142.731 6.6 

Louisiana 1,656.388 1,381,625 274,763 19.9 

Maine 742.371 694.466 47,905 6.9 

Maryland 1,295,346 1,188,044 106,356 9.0 

Massachusetts 3,366,416 2.805,346 561,070 20.0 

Michigan 2,810.173 2,420,982 389,191 16.1 

Minnesota 2,075.708 1,751,394 324,314 18.5 

Mississippi 1,797,114 1,551,270 245.844 16.0 

Missouri 3,293,335 8,106,665 186,670 6.0 

Montana 376,053 243,329 132,724 54.5 

Nebraska 1,192.214 1,066.300 125.914 11.8 

Nevada 81.875 42,335 39,540 93.4 

New Hampshire 430,572 411,588 18,984 4.6 

New Jersey 2,537,179 1,883,669 653,510 34.7 

New Mexico 327.301 195.310 131.991 67.5 

New York 9,113,279 7,268.894 1,844,385 25.4 

North Carolina 2,206.287 1,893,810 3.124.477 16.5 

North Dakota 577.056 319,146 257,910 80.8 

Ohio 4,767,121 4.157.545 609.576 14.7 

Oklahoma 1,657,155 790,391 866.764 109.7 

Oregon 672,765 413.536 259.229 62.7 

Pennsylvania 7,665.111 6.302.115 1,362,996 21.6 

Rhode Island 542.610 428.556 114.0.54 26.8 

South Carolina 1,515.400 1,340.316 175,084 13.1 

South Dakota 583.888 401.570 182.318 45.4 

Tennessee 2.184.789 2.020,616 164,173 8.1 

Texas 3,896,542 3,048,710 847,8.32 27.8 

Utah 373,351 276.749 96,602 S4.9 

Vermont 355.956 343.641 12.315 3.6 

Virginia 2,061,612 1,854.184 207.428 11.2 

Washington 1.141,990 518.103 623.887 120.4 

West Virginia 1,221,119 958,800 262,319 27.4 

Wisconsin 2,333.860 2.069.042 264,818 12.7 

Wyoming 154.145 92,531 61,614 57.7 

Alaska 64,358 63.592 

Hawaii 191,909 154,001 37,908 .... 

Porto Rleo 1,118,012 953.243 

Military and Naval ... 91,219 

• Decrease. 



172 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



CITIES OF OVER 100,000 POPULATION. 

„... Population. P. 0. of 

Ci"es. 1910, 1900. increase. 

tSfnfo' ^n ^ 100'253 94,151 6.5 

Atanta, Ga 154,839 89.872 72.3 

Baltimore, Md 558,485 508,957 9.7 

BIrmmgham, Ala 132,685 38,415 245.4 

Boston, Mass 670,585 560.892 19.6 

Bridgeport Conn 102.054 70,996 43.7 

Buffalo N. Y 423.715 352,387 20.2 

Cambridge Mass 104,839 91,886 14.1 

Chicago, 111 2,185,283 1,698,575 28.7 

Cincinnati, Ohio 364,463 325,902 11.8 

Cleveland, Ohio 560,663 381,768 46.9 

Columbus, Ohio 181,548 125,560 44.6 

Dayton, Ohio 116,577 85,333 36.6 

Denver. Col. 213.381 - 133,8.59 59.4 

Detroit, Mich 465,766 285,704 63.0 

Fall River, Mass 119,295 104,863 13.8 

Grand Rapids, Mich 112,571 87,565 28.6 

Indianapolis, Ind 23.3,650 169,164 38.1 

Jersey City, N. J 267,779 206,4.33 29.7 

Kansas City, Mo 248,381 163,7.52 51.7 

Los Angeles, Cal 319.198 102.479 211.5 

Louisville, Ky 223,928 204,731 9.4 

Lowell, Mass 106,294 94,969 11.9 

Memphis, Tenn 131,105 102.320 28.1 

Milwauljee. Wis 373.857 285.315 31.0 

Minneapolis. Minn 301,408 202,718 48 7 

Nashville, Tenn 110,364 80,865 36.5 

Newarli, N. J 347,469 246,070 41.2 

New Haven, Conn 133,605 108.027 23.7 

New Orleans. La .339,075 287.104 18.1 

New Yorli, N. Y 4.766.883 3,437.202 38.7 

Oal£land, Cal 150,174 66.960 124.3 

Omaha, Neb 124.096 102.555 21.0 

Paterson. N. J 125.600 105.J71 19.4 

Philadelphia. Penn 1,549.008 1,293,697 19.7 

Pittsburg, Penn 533.905 451.512 18.2 

Portland. Ore 150.174 90.426 66.7 

Providence, R. 1 224,326 175,597 27.8 

Richmond, Va 127,628 85,050 50.1 

Rochester, N. Y 218, 149 162.608 34.2 

St. Louis, Mo 687.029 575,238 19.4 

St. Paul, Minn 214,744 163.065 31.7 

San Francisco. Cal 416.912 342.782 21.6 

Scranton, Penn 129,867 102.026 27.3 

Seattle. Wash 237,194 80.671 194.0 

Spokane, Wash 104,402 36,848 183.3 

Syracuse, N. Y 137.249 108,374 26,6 

Toledo. Ohio 168.497 131.822 27.8 

Washington, D. C 331,069 278.718 18.8 

Worcester, Mass 145,986 118.421 23.3 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 173 



CITIES OF FROM 25,000 TO 100,000 POPULATION. 

Population. P. C. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. Increase. 

Akron, Ohio 69,067 42,728 61.0 

AUentown, Pa 51,913 35,416 46.6 

Altoona, Pa 52,127 38,973 33.8 

Amsterdam, N. Y 31,267 20,929 49.4 

Atlantic City, N. J 46,150 27,838 65.8 

Auburn, N. Y 34,668 30.345 14.2 

Augusta, Ga.- 41,040 39,441 4.1 

Aurora, 111 29,807 24,147 23.4 

Austin, Tex 29,860 22,258 34.2 

Battle Creek, Mich 25,267 18,563 36.1 

Bay City, Mich 45,166 27.628 63.5 

Bayonne, N. J 55,545 32,722 69.7 

Berkeley, Cal 40,434 13,214 206.0 

Binghamton, N. Y 48,443 39,647 22.2 

Bloomington, 111 25,768 23,286 10.7 

Brockton, Mass 56,878 40,063 42.0 

Brookline, Mass 27,792 19,935 39.4 

Butte, Mont 39,165 30,470 28.5 

Camden, N. J 94,538 75,935 24.5 

Canton, Ohio 50,217 30,667 63.7 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 32.811 25,656 27.9 

Charleston, S. C 58,833 55,807 5.4 

Charlotte, N. C 34.014 18,091 88.0 

Chattanooga, Tenn 44,604 30,154 47.9 

Chelsea, Mass 32,452 34,072 M.S 

Chester, Pa 38,537 33,988 13.4 

Chicopee, Mass 25,401 19,167 32.5 

Clinton, Iowa 25.577 22.698 12.7 

Colorado Springs, Col 29,078 21,085 37.9 

Columbia, S. C 26,319 21,108 24.7 

Council Bluffs, Iowa 29,292 25,802 13,5 

Covington, Ky 53.270 42,938 24.1 

Dallas, Tex 92,104 42,638 116.0 

Danville, 111 27,871 16,354 70.4 

Davenport, Iowa 43,028 35,254 22.1 

Decatur, 111 31,140 20,754 50.0 

Des Moines, Iowa 86,368 62,139 39.0 

Dubuque, Iowa 38,494 36,297 6.1 

Duluth, Minn 78,466 52,969 48.1 

Easton, Pa 28,523 25,238 13.0 

East Orange, N. J 34,371 21,506 59.8 

East St. Louis, 111 58,547 29,655 97.4 

Elgin. Ill 25,976 22,433 15.8 

Elizabeth, N. J 73,409 52,130 40.8 

Elmira, N. Y 37,176 35,672 4.2 

El Paso, Tex 39,279 15.906 146.9 

Erie, Pa 66,525 52,733 26.2 

Evansville, Ind 69,647 59,007 18.0 

Everett, Mass 33,484 24,3-36 37.6 

Fitchburg, Mass 37,826 31,531 20.0 

Flint, Mich 38,550 13,103 194,2 

Fort Wayne, Ind 63,933 45,115 41.7 

Fort Worth, Tex 73,312 26,688 174.7 

Galveston, Tex 36,981 37,789 *2.1 

Green Bay, Wis 25,236 18,684 35.1 

Hamilton, Ohio 35,279 23,914 47.5 

Harrisburg, Pa 64,186 50,167 27.9 



* Decr«ai». 



174 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 

Population. 

Cities. 1910. 

Hartford, Conn * 98,915 

Haverliill, Mass 44,115 

Hazleton, Pa 25,452 

Hoboken. N. J 70,324 

Holyoke, Mass 57,730 

Houston, Tex 78,800 

Huntington, W. Va 31,161 

Jackson, Mich 31,433 

Jacksonville, Fla 57,699 

Jamestown, N. Y 31,297 

Johnstown, Pa 55,482 

Joliet, 111 34,670 

Joplin, Mo 32,073 

Kalamazoo, Mich 39,437 

Kansas City, Kan 82,331 

Kingston, N. Y 25,908 

Knoxville, Tenn 36,346 

La Crosse, Wis 30,417 

Lancaster, Pa 47,227 

Lansing, Mich 31,229 

Lawrence, Mass 85,892 

Lewiston, Me 26.247 

Lexington, Ky 35,099 

Lima, Ohio 30,508 

Lincoln, Neb 43,973 

Little Rock, Ark 45,941 

Lorain, Ohio 28,833 

Lynchburg, Va 29,494 

Lynn, Mass 89,336 

Macon, Ga 40,665 

McKeesport, Pa 42,694 

Madison, Wis 25,531 

Maiden, Mass 44,404 

Manchester, N. H 70,063 

Meriden, Conn 27,265 

Mobile, Ala 51,521 

Montgomery, Ala 38,136 

Mount Vernon, N. Y 30,919 

Muskogee, Okla 25,278 

Nashua, N. H 26,005 

Newark, Ohio 25,404 

New Bedford, Mass 96,652 

New Britain. Conn 43,916 

Newburgh, N. Y 27,805 

Newcastle, Pa 36.280 

Newport, Ky 30,309 

Newport, R. 1 27.149 

New Rochelle, N. Y 28,867 

Newton. Mass 39,806 

Niagara Falls, N. Y 30,445 

Norfolk, Va 67.4.52 

Norristown, Pa 27,875 

Oklahoma City, Okla 64.205 

Orange, N. J 29.630 

Oshkosh, Wis 33,062 

Pasadena, Cal 30,291 

Passaic, N. J 54,773 

Pawtucket, R. 1 51,622 

Peoria, 111 66.950 

Perth Amboy, N. J 32,121 

Plttsfleld. Mass 32,121 



on. 


P. 0. of 


1900. increase. 


79,850 


23.9 


37,175 


18.7 


14,230 


78.9 


59,364 


18.2 


45,712 


26.3 


44,633 


76.6 


11,923 


161.4 


25,180 


24.8 


28,429 


103.0 


22,892 


36.7 


35,936 


54.4 


29,353 


18.1 


26,023 


23.2 


24,404 


61.6 


51,418 


60.1 


24,535 


5.6 


32,637 


11.4 


28,895 


5.3 


41,459 


13.9 


16,485 


89.4 


62,559 


37.3 


23,761 


10.5 


26,369 


33.1 


21,723 


40.4 


40,169 


9.5 


38,307 


19.9 


16.028 


80.2 


18.891 


58.1 


68,513 


30.4 


23,272 


74.7 


34,227 


24.7 


19.164 


33.2 


33,664 


31.9 


56,987 


22.9 


24,296 


12.2 


38,496 


33.9 


30,346 


25.7 


21,228 


45.7 


4,254 


494.2 


23,898 


8.8 


18,157 


39.9 


62,442 


54.8 


25,998 


68.9 


24,943 


11.5 


28,339 


28.0 


28,301 


7.1 


22,441 


21.0 


14,720 


96.1 


33,587 


18.5 


19,457 


56.5 


46,624 


44.7 


22,265 


25.2 


10,037 


539.7 


24,141 


22.7 


28.284 


16.9 


9,117 


"232.2 


27,777 


97.2 


39,231 


31.5 


56,100 


19.3 


17,699 


81.5 


21.766 


47.0 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 175 

Population. P. C. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. increase. 

Portland, Me 58,571 

Portsmouth, Va 33,190 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y 27,936 

Pueblo, Col 44,395 

Quincy, 111 36,587 

Quincy, Mass 32,642 

Racine, Wis 38,002 

Reading, Pa 96,071 

Roanoke, Va 34,874 

Roekford, 111 45,401 

Sacramento, Cal 44,696 

Saginaw, Mich 50,510 

St. Joseph, Mo 77,403 

Salem, Mass 43,G97 

Salt Lake City, Utah 92,777 

San Antonio, Tex 96,614 

San Diego, Cal 39,578 

San Jose, Cal 28,946 

Savannah, Ga 65,064 

Schenectady, N. Y 72,826 

Sheboygan, Wis 26,398 

Shenandoah, Pa 25,774 

Shreveport, La 28,015 

Sioux City, Iowa 47,828 

Somerville, Mass 77,236 

South Bend, Ind 53,684 

South Omaha, Neb 26,259 

Springfield, 111 51,678 

Springfield, Mass 88,926 

Springfield, Mo 35,201 

Springfield, Ohio 46,921 

Stamford, Conn 25,138 

Superior, Wis 40,384 

Tacoma, Wash 83,743 

Tampa, Fla 37,782 

Taunton, Mass 34,259 

Terre Haute, Ind 58,157 

Topeka, Kan 43,684 

Trenton, N. J 96,815 

Troy, N. Y 76,813 

Utica, N. Y 74,419 

Waco, Tex 26,425 

Waltham, Mass 27,834 

Warwick, R. 1 26,629 

Waterbury, Conn 73,141 

Waterloo, Iowa 26,693 

Watertown, N. Y 26.730 

West Hoboken, N. J 35,403 

Wheeling, W. Va 41,641 

Wichita, Kan 52,430 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 67,105 

Williamsport, Pa 31,860 

Wilmington, Del 87,411 

Wilmington, N. C 25,748 

Woonsocket, R. 1 38,125 

Yonkers, N. Y 79,803 

York. Pa 44,750 

Youngstown, Ohio 79,066 

Zanesville, Ohio 28,026 



50,145 


16.8 


17,427 


90.5 


24.029 


16.3 


28,157 


57.7 


36,252 


0.9 


23,899 


36.6 


29,102 


30.6 


78,961 


21.7 


21,495 


62.2 


31,051 


46.2 


29,282 


52.6 


42,345 


19.3 


102,979 


•24.8 


35,956 


21.5 


53.531 


73.3 


53.321 


81.2 


17,700 


123.6 


21,500 


34.6 


54,244 


19.9 


31,682 


129.9 


22,962 


15.0 


20,321 


26.8 


16,013 


75.0 


33,111 


44.4 


61,643 


25.3 


35,999 


49.1 


26,001 


1.0 


34,159 


51.3 


62,059 


43.3 


23,267 


51.3 


38,253 


22.7 


15,997 


57.1 


31,091 


29.9 


37,714 


122.0 


15,839 


138.5 


31,036 


10.4 


36.673 


52.6 


33,608 


30.0 


73,. 307 


32.1 


60,651 


26.0 


56,383 


32.0 


20.686 


27.7 


23,481 


18.5 


21,316 


24.9 


45,859 


59.5 


12,580 


112.2 


21,696 


23.2 


23,094 


53.3 


38,878 


7.1 


24,671 


112.8 


51,721 


29.7 


28,757 


10.8 


76,508 


14.3 


20.976 


22.7 


28,204 


38.7 


47,931 


66.5 


33,708 


32.8 


44,885 


76.2 


23,538 


19.1 



• Decrease. 



176 STATE COMMITTEES. 

STATE COMMITTEES. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



Headquarters, Jersey City. 

Chairman, Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah ; Vice-Cnair- 
man, Eugene F. Kinkead, Jersey City ; Treasurer. Dennis 
F. Collins, ElizaUetli ; Secretary, William L. Dill, Paterson ; 
Assistant Secretary, Laurant J. Tonnelle, Jersey City, 

Atlantic — John T. French, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Dan Fellows Piatt, Englewood. 

Burlington — Richard P. Hughes, Florence. 

Camden — Joseph E. Nowrey, Camden. 

Cape May — Michael Kearns, Cape May City. 

Cumberland — George Hampton, Bridgeton. 

Essex — James R. Nugent, Newark. 

Gloucester — Edward E. Grosscup, .v'enonah. 

Hudson — Eugene F. Kinkead, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — George F. Martens, New Germantown. 

Mercer — Joseph S. Hoff, Princeton. 

Middlesex — Thomas J. Scully, South Amboy. 

Monmouth — David S. Crater, Freehold. 

Morris — Willard W. Cutler, Morristown. 

Ocean — Alexander J. Dunn, Lakewood. 

Passaic — John Hinchliffe, Paterson. 

Salem — J. Warren Davis, Pedricktown. 

Somerset — Jacob Shurts, Somerville. 

Sussex — Lewis S. Iliff, Newton. 

Union — Dennis F. Collins, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Johnston Cornish, Washington. 

Executive Committee — Thomas J. Scully, John Hinchliffe, 
Joseph S. Hoff, J. Warren Davis, Eugene F. Kinkead. 

Finance Committee — Dennis F. Collins, Joseph E. Nowrey, 
George F. Martens, Jr., Jacob Shurts. 

REPUBLICAN. 

Headquarters, Newark. 

Chairman, Newton A. K. Bugbee, Trenton ; Vice-Chair- 
man, Edmund W. Wakelee, Demarest ; Treasurer, Benedict 
Prieth, Newark; Secretary, John I. Blair Reiley, Phillips- 
burg. 

Atlantic — Albert H. Darnell, Atlantic City. 

Bergen^ — -Edmund W. Wakelee, Demarest. 

Burlington — Henry P. Thorn, Medford. 

Camden — David Baird, Camden. 

Cape May — Charles R. Vanaman, Cape May. 

Cumberland — Edward C. Stokes, Millville. 



STATE COMMITTEES. lf7 

Essex — Henry M. Doremus, Newark. 

G'loucester — George D. Whitney, Glassboro. 

Hudson — George W. Decker, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — Ellsworth P. Baylor, Hampton. 

Mercer — Newton A. K. Bugbee, Trenton. 

Middlesex — Alfred S. March, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth — C. Asa Francis, Long Branch. 

Morris — Daniel S. Voorhees, Morristown. 

Ocean — W. Scott Jackson, Manahawken. 

Passaic — George F. Wright, Paterson. 

Salem — D. Harris Smith, Salem. 

Somerset — .Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, Somerville. 

Sussex — Henry C. Hunt, Newton. 

Union — Hamilton F. Kean, Elizabeth. 

Warren — John I Blair Reiley, Phillipsburg. 

Executive Committee — Newton A. K. Bugbee, Edmund W. 
Wakelee, Henry M. Doremus, Alfred S. March, George F. 
Wright, Hamilton Kean, David Baird, Edward C. Stokes. 

Advisory Committee — Robert Carey, Frank H. Sommer, 
Carlton B. Pierce, Charles N. Fowler. 



PROGRESSIVE. 

Headquarters, Newark. 

Chairman, Frank B. Jess, Camden ; Vice-Chairman, Edgar 
A. Knapp, Elizabeth ; Treasurer, William Fellowes Morgan, 
Short Hills ; Secretary, Francis D. Potter, Bridgeton ; As- 
sistant Secretary, Walter F. Simpson, Newark. 

Atlantic — Eli H. Chandler, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Herbert M. Bailey, Hackensack. 

Burlington — Joseph B. Tyler, Riverton. 

Camden — Frank B. Jess. Camden. 

Cape May — William H. Bright, Wildwood. 

Cumberland — Francis D. Potter, Bridgeton. 

Essex — Frank L. Driver, Newark. 

Gloucester — George S. McCarthy, Woodbury. 

Hudson — George L. Record, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — John H. Conover, Flemington. 

Mercer — Abram V. Robinson, Trenton. 

Middlesex — Adrian Lyon, Perth Amboy. 

Monmouth — C. E. F. Helrick, Asbury ParK 

Morris — John A. H. Hopkins, Morristown. 

Ocean — W. Howard Jeffrey, Toms River. 

Passaic — James G. Blauvelt, Paterson. 

Salem — Frederic A. Gentieu, Pennsgrove. 

Somerset — Charles C. Wheeler, Plainfield. 

Sussex — Ernest B. Shay, Newton. 

Union — Edgar A. Knapp, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Arthur C. Taylor, Phillipsburg. 

12 



178 STATE COMMITTEES. 

CHAIRMEN OF COUNTY 
COMMITTEES. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



Atlantic— William L. Black, Hammonton. 

Bergen — Dan Fellows Piatt, Englewood. 

Burlington— Francis H. Reed, Mount Holly. 

Camden — John J. Walsh. Camden. 

Cape May — George N. Smith, Wildwood. 

Cumberland — J. Howard Vail, Millville. 

Essex — James D. Moriarty, Orange. 

Gloucester — James D. Carpenter, Woodbury. 

Hudson— George F. Witt, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — Abraham C. Hulsizer, Flemington. 

Mercer — Joseph S. Hofif, Princeton. 

Middlesex — Thomas H. Haggerty, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth — Walter Taylor, Asbury Park. 

Morris— Edward P. Meany, Morristown. 

Ocean — Dr. E. C. Disbrow, Toms River. 

Passaic — John Boylan, Paterson. 

Salem — Isaac Klein, Salem. 

Somerset— William J. De Mond. Somerville. 

Sussex — George N. Harris, Newton. 

Union — Percy H. Stewart, Plainfield. 

Warren — Philip Miller, Phillipsburg. 

REPUBLICAN. 

Atlantic — Tobias L. McConnell, Pleasantville. 

Bergen — Randolph Perkins, Hackensack. 

Burlington — Ernest Watts, Burlington. 

Camden — Harry Reeves, Camden. 

Cape May — Carlton Hildreth, Cape May Court House. 

Cumberland — Charles Hammond, Vineland. 

Essex — Herbert W. Taylor, Newark. 

Gloucester — Francis B. Davis, Woodbury. 

Hunterdon — B. Frank Barkley, Lambertville. 

Hudson — John H. Weastell, jersey City. 

Mercer — James H. Mulheron, Trenton. 

Middlesex — John Pfeifer, Mauer. 

Monmouth — William A. Sweeney, Red Bank. 

Morris — Charles B. Bradley, Convent. 

Ocean — Charles H. Conover, Tuckerton. 

Passaic — Frederick Van Blarcom, Paterson. 

Salem — B. B. Westcott, Salem. 

Somerset — Edward E. Cooper, R. F. D. No. 3, Plainfield. 

Sussex — Frank E. Armstrong, Sussex. 

Union — Frank H. Smith, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Arthur Knowles, Phillipsburg 



STATE COMMITTEES. 179 



PROGRESSIVE. 



Atlantic — S. P. Morris, Atlantic City. 
Bergen — Walter C. Zabriski, Ridgewood. 
Burlington — A. L. S. Doughty, Mt. Holly. 
Camden — Wm. Cary Marshall, Camden. 
Cape May — Wm. H. Bright, Wildwood. 
Cumberland — Robert E. Fithian, Bridgeton. 
Essex — Irving K. Taylor, Orange. 
Gloucester — Victor Kugler, Woodbury. 
Hudson — Herman H. Apmann, Jersey City. 
Hunterdon — Dr. J. H. Conover, Flemington. 
Mercer — Chas. Upjohn. Trenton. 
Middlesex — James A. Edgar, New Brunswick. 
Monmouth — Peter F. Dodd, Asbury Park. 
Morris — J. A. H. Hopkins, Morristown. 
Ocean — Wm. Howard Jeffrey, Toms River. 
Passaic — John E. Tylee, Paterson. 
Salem — Joel Borton, Woodstown. 
Somerset — Chas. C. Kenyon, Somerville. 
Sussex — Leonard Bissell. Newton. 
Union — Clarence Morrell, Elizabeth. 
Warren — John B. Sliker, Phillipsburg. 



180 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

PARTY PLATFORMS. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



(Adopted by the Democratic State Convention at Trenton, 
September 30th, 1913, and presided over by J. Warren 
Davis, former Senator from Salem county.) 

We, the members of the Democratic State Convention, 
chosen pursuant to the Geran election law, do adopt the 
following as our party platform and pledge our support to 
its articles : 

We declare our devotion to Democratic principles, believ- 
ing that in the observance of those principles our party can 
best represent the wishes, the hopes and the aspirations of 
the great mass of the people of the State and country. 

We reaflSrm our loyalty to our distinguished fellow citizen, 
Woodrow Wilson, who, as President of the United States, 
has added fame and lustre to tue State of New Jersey. We 
indorse his administration as President, registering our 
belief that the courageous, patriotic and intelligent quali- 
ties of mind and heart that he devoted to the service of 
this State as its Governor will add materially to the pros- 
perity and happiness of the people of the nation. We 
indorse his administration as Governor of this State. Under 
his guidance progressive legislation, for which the people of 
our State had been seeking for years and which had been 
denied them, was enacted, and we are now enjoying the 
benefits flowing from these legislative acts. 

We express pride, also, in the steadfast devotion of our 
party representatives in Congress to the work of setting 
free the industries of our country from the burden of unjust 
tariff taxes, under which private monopolies have grown 
great and powerful. 

We commend the legislative record of James F. Fielder, 
the President of the Senate, and his administration as Act- 
ing Governor. As Member of the Assembly, as Senator and 
as Acting Governor, he has brought to the public service 
a high order of ability, freedom from improper alliances 
and a conscientious determination to faithfully discharge 
his duties, and he has at all times been a consistent sup- 
porter of advancement and reform in legislation and in 
State government. We recommend his candidacy for the 
office of Governor to the voters of all parties, believing that 
his past record is a safe guaranty of his future conduct. 

At the last session of the Legislature of this State, which 
was overwhelmingly Democratic, laws were placed on the 
statute books for the safeguarding of railroad travel, for 
the strengthening of the school laws, for instructions to 
school children to prevent accidents, for tne pensioning of 
widows and their children, for the correction and curbing 



PARTY PLATFORMS. • 181 

of corporation abuses within the State, for the abolition of 
grade crossings, for the regulation of motor vehicle traffic, 
for the establishment of a uniform system of weights and 
measures, for agricultural demonstrations throughout the 
State, for the extension of the employers' liability act to 
municipal and State employes, for semi-monthly pay to 
municipal and State employes, for the establishment of a 
State department of records and archives, for the use of 
public school buildings for public gatherings, for the con- 
tract system of prison labor, for the establishment of a 
board of parole for prisoners, besides many other equally 
important and equally progressive measures. These enact- 
ments are an earnest effort of the Democratic party to give 
to the people of the State honest and progressive govern- 
ment. 

We pledge the efforts of our candidates to secure the 
location and establishmeoat within our borders by the 
Federal Government of a navy yard, which will bring to 
the State a large increase in population and wealth and 
will provide employment for many hundreds of our citizens. 

We favor the co-operation of our State Government with 
the Federal Government in the adoption of a liberal and 
comprehensive plan for the development and improvement 
of our inland waterways and the construction of a ship 
canal across our State, with a sufficient depth of water to 
permit the passage of vessels of standard draft, thus pro- 
viding for competition with railroad transportation and 
making for economy and safety in the shipment of goods 
and merchandise. 

We Insist upon the maintenance of our election laws and 
corrupt practices act inviolate, strengthening them if found 
necessary, so that the machinery whereby our officials are 
chosen may be effective for registering the will of the 
people. 

To make sure that the primary vote will express the 
choice of not less than a majority of those voting upon 
nomination, we favor the incorporation into tJe primary 
law of an adequate system of preferential voting, to the 
end that the voter may not be confined to a single choice 
among a number of candidates. 

Our State departments, institutions and boards should be 
thoroughly examined and in many instances rearranged. 
We believe that their work can be simplified, departments 
can be consolidated and better administrative business 
methods devised, all making for economy and a higher 
degree of efficiency. 

The increase in the expenditures of the State under the 
Democratic administration has been less in proportion to 
the growth in population and development of the State 
than the expenditures made by any other State under sim- 
ilar circumstances. In connection with this it must be 
considered that the State's revenue has largely increased 
and that a proper proportion between expenditures and 



182 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

revenues has always been maintained under Democratic 
administrations. 

As a result of this policy our people are particularly for- 
tunate that we have no State debt and no State tax and 
that the expenses of operating the State government is not 
borne by the individual taxpayer. Our revenues are derived 
from inheritance taxes, the tax on railroad property, the 
tax on corporations and various similar sources. As the 
State grows in population and wealth our income from 
these sources increases, and at the same time our criminal, 
insane and defective charges grow and the expense of the 
State government increases. The income of the State is 
wholly applied to the purposes for which it is raised, and 
there is no treasury deficit. With wise administration of 
the State funds money can be saved in the management of 
some offices and departments and applied to the care of 
others, but the total of all expenditures will remain the 
same. It is to the proper application of the State funds 
that we pledge our attentions. 

Our municipalities should have more freedom from legis- 
lative control. They should have a greater measure of 
self-government and should be free to operate their func- 
tions in local matters through their own legislative boards, 
and not from Trenton. School districts should have more 
control over the size, location and erection of their own 
school-houses, and not be required to issue bonds for schools 
for a sum beyond which the taxpayers feel they should be 
called upon to bear. 

We pledge our party to maintain our public school system 
and to adjust it to meet the growing educational require- 
ments of the various sections of our State, and to this 
end we promise to provide State normal schools for Southern 
and Northern New Jersey, believing that those sections of 
our State are entitled to and deserving of said schools. 

Our system of taxation needs revision and adjustment. 
We need a simple and practical method of assessing prop- 
erty, under uniform Statewide rules, by assessors under 
some responsible control, so that all property shall bear its 
just portion of the governmental expenses and the unequal 
burden be removed from the small property owner. 

Our charitable, penal and correctional institutions require 
careful and intelligent attention from the executive and 
legislative departments of the State. Until effective means 
can be found for lessening crime and preventing the bring- 
ing of defective children into the world, proper provision 
must be made for the ever-increasing number of the State's 
wards. 

Many of these institutions are overcrowded and limited in 
operation ; many are caring for those who should be trans- 
ferred elsewhere. The cost of maintenance in many cases 
is high, and money can be saved through a central purchas- 
ing board. All need State help and should have a fair 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 183 

opportunity to show the maximum amount of usefulness. 
We pledge our candidates for Gpvernor and the Legislature 
to confer with the managers and superintendents of these 
institutions and to co-operate in building up, improving and 
extending their functions. 

We pledge our support to the agricultural interests of 
the State and to the enlargement and development of the 
State Agricultural College at New Brunswick and the Exper- 
iment Station connected therewith, as well as to farm 
demonstration work hy scientifically trained men, carrying 
their knowledge and experience direct to the farmer ; be- 
lieve that the enlargement of opportunity for acquiring 
knowledge of modern and scientific methods of agriculture 
will result in a large increase in farm and orchard products 
to the benefit of both consumer and producer, and will favor- 
ably affect the cost of living. 

We favor the rapid extension of our system of good roads 
by State aid through all our counties and the enactment of 
legislation requiring constant supervision and care of such 
roads, so that they shall at all times be maintained in good 
condition. The present method of permitting our roads 
to wear out and become almost impassable and then re- 
building them is wasteful and extravagant and is con- 
demned. 

The conservation of our forests, waters and other natural 
resources must receive careful and wise consideration. Our 
forests must be preserved and renewed, and the State should 
gradually acquire the ownership of all potable waters for 
the benefit of our citizens. 

We are opposed to legislation basing appropriations or 
expenditures upon a percentage of city or county ratables, 
because of the variable and uncertain amounts to be raised 
thereby, and in the interests of economy and publicity we 
advocate stating the maximum amount in figures instead. 

We favor legislation requiring the installation of a uni- 
form system of accounting for all municipalities and 
counties. 

We favor the enactment of fewer laws by the Legislature 
and the prompt publication of all laws as speedily as pos- 
sible after the conclusion of the session. 

We believe that the voters of the State should have the 
right to decide whether suffrage should be extended to 
women, and, therefore, favor a submission of this question 
to popular vote. 

We advocate a revision of the rules of the Legislature to 
prevent ill-considered action on bills and to limit the 
time for the introduction of bills. 

We favor the enactment of such legislation as will con- 
serve the constitutional rights of labor and as well pre- 
vent the issuance of injunctions in labor disputes when no 
property rights are involved and when there is proper rem- 
edy at law. 



184 PARTY PLATFORMS. 



REPUBLICAN. 



(Adopted by the Republican State Convention at Tren- 
ton, September 30tb, 1913, and presided over by Senator 
William T. Read, of Camden county.) 

AVe, the representatives of the Republican party, chosen 
according to law, in convention assembled, for the purpose 
o.f declaring our principles, under which we ask for the 
votes of the people of the State of New Jersey, declare as 
follows : 

We invite the co-operation of all citizens who declare a 
State administration, progressive and constructive in its 
character. 

We earnestly appeal to the young men of the State to 
participate in this campaign and lend their influence for 
civic betterment. 

All the progressive laws upon the statute books of New 
Jersey to-day were inaugurated under Republican admin- 
istration, and extended from time to time by legislative 
amendment, largely through the efforts of Republican leg- 
islators. We pledge ourselves to a continuance of these 
policies and to the strengthening of such laws when ex- 
perience shows the need o.f improvement. 

We favor the reorganizing and remodeling of the va- 
rious departments of the State government and the con- 
solidation of existing departments in the interest of eco- 
nomy and efficiency and a non-partisan business-like ad- 
ministration of public affairs. 

We favor the further development of New Jersey, by 
establishing a comprehensive general plan for public im- 
provement, including a complete system o.f public roads, 
whereby all main arteries of travel shall be maintained by 
the State, and the elimination of all toll roads ; the early 
completion of inland waterways ; the construction of a 
ship canal from the Delaware to the Hudson ; state con- 
trol of all water sheds, so that the potable water supply 
may be free from corporate ownership ; the preservation 
of our forests ; the development of our sea coast resorts ; 
the establishment of a system of docks in our large cities 
for the encouragement of shipping and the lowering of 
freight rates ; the legislative treatment of sewage along 
scientific lines. 

We favor the immediate protection of human life at ex- 
isting grade crossings and, in addition, the gradual elim- 
ination of all grade crossings throughout the State. 

We believe that the woik of the Public Utility Commis- 
sion should be enlarged and extended by the appointment 
of practical railroad men to act as inspectors and to re- 
port and advise with the Commission in all matters pertain- 
ing to the regulation of railroad problems. 

We favor the revision of the present election laws, which 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 185 

will simplify voting and reduce the unnecessarily increased 
expenses of the present system, and, at the same time, 
strengthen the safeguards surrounding an honest ballot. 
Thousands of our citizens have been disfranchised by the 
present complicated, cumbersome and unsatisfactory election 
laws, and we pledge the people of New Jersey to correct 
the defects therein. 

We favor a preferential system o>f voting at primaries, 
which will enable the voters in each party to select candi- 
dates favored by a majority of all the voters of such 
party. 

We favor a shorter ballot by the separation of munic- 
ipal and State elections. 

We believe that the State Constitution should be flexible, 
and to that end we favor a constitutional amendment pro- 
viding that amendments to the Constitution may be sub- 
mitted whenever the public needs may require. 

We pledge ourselves to submit to the people for the 
election of Assemblymen by districts and the holding of 
State and municipal elections in alternate years. 

Too many laws are now enacted which, while general in 
character, regulate specifically minute details concerning 
the internal affairs o.f municipalities. We favor an amend- 
ment to the State Constitution which will give to the 
municipalities a broader system of home rule, under which 
there can be more government at home and less govern- 
ment from Trenton. 

We promised last year to provide for the submission to 
the voters of the State of a constitutional amendment for 
the extension of the right of franchise to women. We renew 
the promise we made last year. 

We favor a more practical system of education and the 
improvement of our educational laws, and believe that our 
present public school system can be carried on with greater 
efficiency, less expense and with more satisfaction to the 
people if more power be vested in local boards of educa- 
tion and less power concentrated at Trenton. 

We pledge our efforts to the enactment of laws, when 
the finances of the State will warrant, which will make 
possible the establishment of two additional State Normal 
Schools, one to be located in one of the South Jersey 
counties and the other in North Jersey, and also the 
enactment of laws for the educational and industrial bet- 
terment of our colored citizens. 

The laws pertaining to child labor and protecting those 
who labor were passed under Republican administrations. 
We favor the strict enforcement, and we favor the strength- 
ening of such laws by requiring employers to provide 
healthful conditions and to install safety devices, and we 
pledge ourselves to maintain and strengthen statutes pre- 
venting excessive hours of toil for women and children 
and for the maintenance of health and the prevention of 



186 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

occupational diseases, and for the further enactment of 
laws providing for proper lighting and ventilation of tene- 
ment houses and the adoption of such other industrial re- 
form as shall be fair and equitable, including peace and 
more harmonious relations between employer and employe, 
along modern lines now in apparent successful operation in 
other countries. 

We favor the promotion of scientific agriculture and 
legislation and appropriations for the benefit of the farmers 
of the State. 

Agricultural New Jersey is a land of unrivaled oppor- 
tunity. It has already won recognition for the wealth 
and quality of its agricultural products, but such resources 
have scarcely been touched. In order to create taxable 
values, to transform the thousands of acres of undeveloped 
land into a region of agricultural progress and prosperity ; 
in order to benefit the producer as well as the great mass 
of consumers, we must make production more efficient and 
transportation and distribution less costly. 

The high cost of living is a world-wide problem. Some 
of it is due to the individual standard of living. That 
the law cannot effect. Part of it is due to lack of train- 
ing and knowledge. This can be relieved by scientific in- 
struction, so as to produce more food per acre and unity 
of effort, by the encouragement of co-operative societies 
and municipal markets, to bring the producer and consumer 
in closer contact. 

To this end we pledge ourselves to the enactment of laws 
that will open wide the door of opportunity to the farmer 
of New Jersey, by providing agricultural education, ac- 
cessible to all who would have it. We pledge ourselves 
to the enactment of such laws as will encourage soil im- 
provement and legislation that will make our trolley sys- 
tem a more vital factor in rural prosperity, and thus re- 
duce the cost of commodities in the market by lessening 
the cost of transportation. 

We pledge ourselves to a policy of the strictest economy 
in the management of our state departments and the sub- 
mission of a budget by the Comptroller's Department in 
time for a thorough discussion of the same by the public 
and members of the Legislature, before the passage of the 
appropriation bills. We recognize the tremendous burdens 
of grov/ing taxation, and we pledge ourselves to give the 
voters greater power, both in supervision and veto, over 
local expenditure. 

We favor any necessary amendments to the Ramsey 
insurance rate law, which will prevent a State insurance 
monopoly. 

The lunacy act, passed by the last Democratic Legisla- 
ture, is unsatisfactory and imposes unnecessary burdens 
upon the public. We favor a complete revision of this law. 

We favor a more effective method of the administration 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 187 

of our tax laws to equalize valuations and assessments, 
not only as between individuals, but as between the taxing 
districts of the State. 

We favor legislation requiring the installation of a uni- 
form system of accounting for municipalities and counties 
of this State. 

The Democratic party has covertly attacked the civil 
service system, both by attempted legislation and adminis- 
trative subterfuge. We pledge ourselves to uphold and 
extend the principles of civil service. 

We favor a solution of the corporation problems which 
will result in the punishment of the guilty without punish- 
ing the innocent, and we hold that a policy which drives 
legitimate business enterprises from the State of New 
Jersey is neither statesmanship nor reform ; it is destruc- 
tion. We favor the enactment of laws which will attract 
industrial enterprises to our State. 

The Republican party stands for a business-like admin- 
istration ; for a simplification and codification of our laws 
and the prompt printing and distribution of our pamphlet 
laws at the close of the legislative session. 

In national affairs we favor a change in the system of 
electing delegates to the Republican National Convention, 
so that representation therein shall be based upon the 
number of Republican votes cast and not upon population. 
The Republican party stands for a tariff, based upon the 
principle of protection, with a duty suflacient to cover the 
difference between the cost of production here and abroad, 
which can only be established by scientific investigation 
by a non-partisan tariff board. 

New Jersey ranks third among the states of the Union 
in the proportion of industrial wage earners to population. 
These workers are the market of the farmer, of the mer- 
chant. They cannot buy without wages, and their wages 
will be injuriously affected by the Democratic tariff, which 
is based upon the Democratic doctrine that protection is 
unconstitutional. 

The Democratic party has utterly failed to keep its 
pledges to the people. It has played politics with the 
jury system of the State ; it has been compelled to call 
extra sessions of the Legislature to remedy its own blun- 
ders ; it has made laws which have driven law abiding 
business enterprises from our State ; it has used the 
direct primaries, not as an instrument to serve the popu- 
lar will, but as a means for the furthering of the personal 
ambition of the Democratic bosses, and it has, by neglect 
of oflicial duty, delayed the submission of constitutional 
amendments to the voters of the State. 

By legislation enacted during the last session, the Demo- 
cratic Legislature has decreased the income of the State 
and at the same time increased the appropriations, so that 
when these appropriations shall have been expended, there 



188 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

will be a deficit of three-quarters of a million dollars in the 
State Treasury, and no provision has been made for in- 
come from any other sources to make up this deficiency. 
As a result ot this destructive policy of financing, there 
is imminent danger of a direct State tax. This is one of 
the glaring examples of the utter incapacity of the Demo- 
cratic party to conduct the affairs of the State on a busi- 
ness-like basis. 

In national affairs the Democratic party has confessed 
its inability to protect the lives and property of American 
citizens and missionaries in foreign lands ; it has en- 
throned "King Caucus," and made it a dictator of legisla- 
tion to the exclusion of delibeiation and debate ; it has 
denied the right of petition to those whose business and 
occupation are threatened by legislative injustice ; it has 
failed in its promise to reduce the cost of living ; it has 
made the great questions of tariff and currency footballs 
of politics and secret conferences have been substituted for 
open-uoor methods. 

The gospel of humanity should constitute part of the 
mission of the State. The eleration of mankind is the 
aspiration of the age. The object of constructive states- 
manship is to promote the welfare of the people and the 
betteTment of the conditions under which each individual 
lives and labors. The good of the people is the highest 
law of progress. Equality of opportunity and protection 
are the sacred rights of every person, and that govern- 
ment is best and safest and most" enduring which guar- 
antees to every individual the largest opportunity to make 
the most of his capacities, while restraining him from 
entrenching upon the rights of others who are striving 
to accomplish the same purpose. Let justice and equality 
before the law crown the prosperity of the Commonwealth. 



PROGRESSIVE (ROOSEVELT). 

(Adopted by the Progressive (Roosevelt) State Conven- 
tion, at Trenton, September 30th, 1913, presided over by 
former Speaker Frank B. Jess, of Camden county.) 

We believe that in the organization of the National Pro- 
gressive party in 1912, and the platform adopted by it, an 
historic step was taken in the now world-wide movement 
toward the people in which the yearnings of humanity are 
finding expression and through which the ideals of the 
people arc to be realized. 

We reaffirm our faith in the principles declared in that 
platform. 

We hold that all constitutions and all statutes having 
sprung from the people are subject to their modification in 
the methods provided by law, and should be amended or 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 189 

repealed if at any time any of these instruments of gov- 
ernment work injustice or fail to provide exact justice to 
all classes or to maintain equal opportunity for every 
citizen without regard to sex, color or previous nationality. 

It is time to put humanity as of first importance in gov- 
ernment. 

The Progressive party, in fidelity to the causes to which 
it owes its existence, pledges its candidates, if given power, 
to establish, by legislation or by constitutional amendment, 
the following principles : 

We favor the principle of the initiative and referendum 
as applied to State legislation and municipal acts and the 
right to recall all elective oflScials, to be exercised not less 
than one year after they are elected. 

We favor the Wisconsin system of open primaries, to the 
end that each voter may vote a primary party ballot with- 
out revealing his party allegiance, and the addition of the 
preferential vote. 

In consonance with our cardinal doctrine that a govern- 
ment of the people should be by and for the people, we 
pledge ourselves to the proposition of the equal right of 
suffrage for women with men and to such action as may 
be necessary to put it into effect. 

We favor the principles of the Commission Government 
Act. 

We stand for local self-government or home rule in all 
municipal affairs, including the matter of taxation and 
including the power to change, alter or amend its municipal 
charters upon the vote of the people of any municipality. 

We believe it is time to attack directly the problem of 
high and increasing cost of living and to do something 
definite to prevent the accumulation of enormous fortunes 
in the hands of a few, and the consequent hardship and 
poverty among the workers of the State. This problem 
has got to be solved in part by national laws and in 
part by State laws. There are two forms of privilege by 
which a few people are enabled to levy toll upon the 
earnings of the many without rendering any service which 
can be reached by State laws. The first privilege is the 
exaction of excessive rates for trolley, gas, electric light 
and water service by the public utility corporations of this 
State. These corporations have issued millions of dollars 
of watered slock, representing no investment of capital or 
other service, and their charges are sufficient to earn a 
return upon this watered capitalization. This is a clear 
moral wrong. To cure this evil, either each municipality 
should be authorized to take over and operate any public 
utility upon just compensation upon the vote of its people, 
or the Public Utility Commission should be required to 
establish rates limited to a reasonable return upon the 
value of the physical property devoted to the public use. , 

The second privilege to be reached by State laws is the 
land privilege. The value of the land is due to the pres- 



190 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

ence, the growth, the enterprise of all the people. The 
existing taxing system puts a premium upon speculation 
in land, which is the holding of land out of use, with the 
expectation of receiving at some future time an increase in 
value. This operates to keep land, which is the oppor- 
tunity of labor, out of use, to make congestion in cities, to 
crowd the labor market, to reduce wages, to raise rents and 
generally to restrict industry. The remedy is that all the 
products of labor, such as buildings and improvements, 
machinery, household furniture, merchandise and other 
personal property, the fencing, ditching and clearing of 
farm lands, should ultimately be exempt from taxation, and 
the taxes heretofore raised from this source for municipal, 
county and State purposes should be raised by increasing 
the taxes upon the value of the land. This will encourage 
industry, make it easier to get a iiome or to establish and 
carry on a business, and force idle land into use, thus In- 
creasing the demand for labor. 

We favor applying this remedy gradually by a law allow- 
ing each municipality, upon the vote of its own people, to 
exempt buildings, improvements and personal property from 
taxation in whole or in part. 

We recommend that the tax on buildings and improve- 
ments, household furniture, machinery and merchandise, 
and the fencing, ditching and clearing of farm lands be 
reduced 10 per cent, a year and a corresponding increase in 
the tax rate on land values until the rate of such improve- 
ments is one-half the rate on land. 

The rules of law governing trade disputes as developed 
by our courts do not hold the balance of justice even, as 
between employers and employes. 

This is due to the influence of statutes coming down 
from the fourteenth century and to the legal view which 
recognizes in the employer a property right in the free 
flow of labor, but does not recognize in the workman a like 
right in the free flow of employment. 

Laws on the following lines should, therefore, be enacted : 

1. Recognizing not merely the right to strike, but the 
right to use all means and agencies to render the strike 
effective which are not in themselves unlawful, including 
the right to use peaceful persuasion, argument and en- 
treaty to procure other workmen of the employer against 
whom the strike is directed to join therein, and by like 
means to induce other workmen not to accept such employ- 
ment, and the right of unions to exercise disciplinary 
measures in accordance with their rules and by-laws to 
compel insubordinate members to join in a lawful strike 
and continue on strike after going out, and the right while 
a strike is in process to give strike pay and to use the 
funds of the union in furtherance of picketing. 

2. Declaring that no statute forbidding a combination to 
fix or regalate the price of any article of merchandise or 
commodity, or to establish a monopoly, or to restrain trade, 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 191 

shall be held to apply to organization of workmen and the 
fixing or regulating the price of labor by them. 

3. Prohibiting the issuance of any restraining order or 
injunction in trade disputes without hearing on notice, and 
then only upon the certificate or testimony of the chief 
executive of the municipality that he is or will be unable 
to protect the property claimed to be threatened. 

Granting the right to trial by jury in all contempt cases 
where the acts complained of are not committed in the 
actual presence of the court. 

We favor the strengthening of the laws governing inspec- 
tion of factories and workshops, to the end that the safety 
and health of employes may be more carefully safeguarded 
and the places of labor be mad; more safe, sanitary and 
attractive. 

We stand for the establishment of the minimum wage 
standards for working women to provide a living scale of 
wages in all 'industrial occupations. 

We favor the prohibition of child labor. 

We favor the maintenance and strengthening of the laws 
enacted by the Legislature of 1912 for the suppression of 
monopoly and the regulation of trusts, commonly known as 
the "Seven Sisters." 

We stand for the protection of the people from exploiting 
of any kind of fraudulent securities. 

We declare for laws embracing penal reform, the humane 
treatment of imprisoned offenders, the aboliaon of pixson 
contract labor and the substitution of State work in health- 
ful employments, with the application of at least some of 
the earnings to the support of the families of persons im- 
prisoned. 

We also favor the absolute segregation in trial and con- 
finement of all children and young persons. 

We favor legislation for the purchase of all supplies for 
State institutions through an administrative board. 

We declare for the consolidation of boards, bureaus and 
commissions having cognate duties ; the abolition of all 
unnecessary ofllces, and the introduction of such economies 
in all departments and institutions as efficiency will permit. 

We insist upon the maintenance of the present civil 
service laws and the increasing of the efficiency of the 
same. 

We favor the promotion of agriculture and agricultural 
methods by schools of instruction and assistants to aid in 
the use of modern methods of farm development and for 
the increase of crop production. 

We favor the conservation by the State of the potable 
waters of the State, for the purpose of supplying waters by 
the State, at a minimum of costs, to its municipalities or 
inhabitants. 

We stand for the establishment and consummation of a 
systematic system of State highways to be maintained by 
the State, with attendant relief of local taxation for such 
maintenance. 



192 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

We declare for the prevention of all tax evasion by 
banks or other corporations. 

We pledge ourselves to laws specifically requiring the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners at once to proceed 
to survey all railroad grade crossings in the State and to 
classify the same according to the elements of danger in- 
volved, and to proceed under the existing legislation con- 
tinuously to secure the elimination thereof as nearly as may 
be in the order of their classification, and in the meantime 
to require the adequate protection of such crossings. 

We favor the continuance and completion of the pro- 
jected and partially completed inland waterways of the 
State ; and of the proposed ship canal across the State 
with the assistance of the National Government. 

We declare for the revision and codification of the Fish 
and Game law. 

We favor the eight-hour day for labor, together with a 
half holiday and one whole day for rest in each week, and 
we pledge our candidates, if elected, to endeavor to secure 
uniform legislation among the several states regulating the 
hours and conditions of labor. 

We favor pure food legislation along the line of strength- 
ening and extending the powers of the State BoaTd of 
Health to insure the making, selling and using of only 
pure and wholesome food throughout the State and ship- 
ping the same out of, or into the State. Providing ample 
inspectors for enforcing the law, fitting punishment for 
breaking the law, and immediate destruction of all impure 
foods detected. 

We favor permitting the jury, in capital cases, to de- 
termine, by their verdict, whether the penalty shall be 
death or life imprisonment. 

We favor the principle of the short ballot. The people 
are called upon to select too many oflScials. It is impos- 
sible for the average citizen to inform himself as to the 
qualifications of the large number of candidates presented 
for his suffrage at the average election. The true prin- 
ciple of democracy is the election of a few officials in- 
vested with great power, who shall hold office either for 
short terms or shall be subject to recall at any time upon 
petition of a reasonable number of the voters. To this end 
we favor the election of the members of the Legislature 
by legislative districts instead of by counties ; the appoint- 
ment by the Governor or court or the Board of Free- 
holders of such county officials as registers, county clerks 
and surrogates ; and the establishment of a small board of 
three county commissioners or freeholders, with terms of 
three years, one member to be elected each year. 

All this legislation has long been demanded. 

It must, when enacted, be subject to the decision of our 
courts as to its constitutionality. 

That a speedy termination of such tests, and of all 
litigation may be had, and that in case such statutes are 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 193 

declared unconstitutional the ascertalnnfent and putting 
into effect of the will of the people may not be unreason- 
ably delayed, we favor : 

1. The reorganization of the courts of the State, the 
simplification of their procedure, the expedition of trials 
and the speedy final determination of causes by the reduc- 
tion of appeals. 

■ 2. That the Constitution be so amended as to present no 
obstacle to the future amendment thereof other than such 
as may be reasonably required to secure the registration of 
a deliberate public opinion in such amendment. 

To clear the way for all legislation in accord with our 
cardinal doctrine that a government of the people should 
be by and for the people, and to remove constitutional re- 
strictions which may now inhibit the same, we declare 
for the holding at an early day of a constitutional con- 
vention. 

The Progressive party came into being as a protest 
against corrupt politics, special privilege, boss domination 
and the fraudulent manipulation of popular elections and 
representative conventions. It embodies the spirit of civic 
righteousness, and absolute belief in the rule of the people, 
and the repudiation of selfishness in governmental affairs. 
It is to-day the only party sincerely in favor of the un- 
hampered rule of the people in all matters, and the un- 
questioned and effective regulation and control of monopo- 
lies and trusts. It seeks no power for selfish reasons, and 
no ofiice to promote personal or corporate exploitation. 
To win or lose is of no concern to it, except as success 
may promote right, justice and equal opportunity. It Is 
for these objects and in this spirit that the Progressive 
party enters into the contest now before the people of 
this State ; determined to win, if honorable fighting will 
do it ; and with an honest purpose, if we are entrusted 
with power, to keep every promise made in this platform, 
if fidelity to the people can do it. 

In this great battle the Honorable Everett Colby has 
been made our leader by the vote of the people at the di- 
rect primary. He .is not new to political matters, nor 
unacquainted with goveTnmental principles. His reputa- 
tion is not limited by the narrow confines of the State — 
it is nation-wide. He has been for years a leader in reform 
legislative movements ; he is a student of political and 
economic affairs ; he is a pioneer Progressive. His in- 
tegrity cannot be questioned ; he is a man of education 
and refinement ; he is the friend of every man needing 
help, the champion of the cause of every citizen in his 
battle against injustice and oppression, and he stands for 
equal opportunity. He is, indeed, fitted to fill the office of 
Governor. He has the moral, mental and physical equip- 
ment to lead in such a fight as ours, and he well deserves 
the vote of every liberty-loving citizen in New Jersey. If 
he shall be elected, none giving it will ever have cause to 
regret their vote. 
13 



194 



PRIMARY ELECTION, 1913. 



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SCHOOL LAW. 195 

SYNOPSIS OF SCHOOL LAW. 



The State Board of Education consists of eight members, 
not more than one of whom shall reside in the same county, 
and not more than four of whom shall belong to the same 
political party. It has control of the State Normal Schools, 
the School for the Deaf and the Manual Training and 
Industrial School for Colored Youth. It confirms the 
appointment of the county superintendents of schools, 
decides appeals from the decisions of the Commisfioner of 
Education, and makes rules for the granting of teachers' 
certificates and for carrying into effect the school laws of 
the State. It appoints an inspector of school buildings and 
an inspector of accounts. 

The Commissioner of Education Is appointed by the Gov- 
ernor and confirmed by the Senate. He appoints th county 
superintendents of schools, decides controversies that arise 
under the school law ; may withhold the Ftate school 
moneys from any district for neglect or refusal to comply 
with the provisions of the school law, and has general 
supervision of the public schools. There are four assist- 
ant commissioners ; one acts as inspector of secondary 
schools, another as inspector of elementary schools, another 
as inspector of industrial education, and another to hear 
controversies and disputes arising under the school law. 

There is a superintendent of schools for each county, 
appointed by the Commissioner of Education and con- 
firmed by the State Board of Education. The County 
Superintendent apportions the school moneys among the 
districts in his county, has general supervision of the 
schools and, in connection with the local Board of Educa- 
tion, prescribes the course of study to be pursued in the 
district. 

Each municipality in the State constitutes a school dis 
trict, unless by a vote of the people two or more munici- 
palities decide to unite and form one district. There are 
two classes of school districts, cities forming one class and 
all other municipalities the other, but a district in either 
class may, by a vote of the people, be transferred to the 
other class. The members of the Board of Education in a 
city school district are appointed by the Mayor. 



196 SCHOOL LAW. 

In order to be eligible to memberihip in the Board of 
Education, a person must be a citizen of the United States 
and must have been a resident of the district for at least 
three years immediately preceding his or her election or ap- 
pointment and must be able to read and write. A city 
school district may have a city superintendent, but until one 
is appointed the County Superintendent has supervision of 
the schools. 

In each city school district there is a Board of School 
Estimate, consisting of the Mayor, two members of the body 
having the power to make appropriations for city purposes, 
and two members of the Board of Education. The Board 
of Education presents its estimate of the amount of local 
appropriation needed, and the Board of School Estimate 
certifies to the body in the city having power to make appro- 
priations, the amount to be raised for school purposes. The 
amount so certified must be raised. 

In districts other than cities the Boards of Education 
consist of nine members each, elected by the people on the 
third Tuesday in March. The term of office begins the 
first Monday in April. The qualifications for membership 
are the same as in city school districts. The special district 
school tax is voted either at the annual meeting or at a 
special school meeting called by the Board of Education. 
Bonds for school houses are authorized by the legal voters. 
School bonds cannot be sold at private sale except to the 
Trustees of the School Fund or Sinking Fund Commissioners 
unless said Trustees or Commissioners have refused to buy 
them. Bonds cannot be delivered to any purchaser other 
than the Trustees of the School Fund except upon payment 
of full purchase price. Women may vote at district meet- 
ings on all questions except the election of members of the 
Board of Education, which is prohibited by the Constitution. 
Truant officers and janitors cannot be discharged or their 
compensation decreased except for cause and after a hearing. 

Funds for the support of schools come from the following 
sources : First, from the income of the State School Fund. 
The principal of this fund is derived almost entirely from 
the sale and rental of lands under water belonging to the 
State. The principal cannot be used for any purpose, and 
the income can be used only for the support of public schools. 



SCHOOL LAW. 197 

This Income amounts to $200,000 per annum. Second, from 
State appropriation made by the Legislature to reduce the 
State school tax. Third, from. State school tax, an amount 
which when added to the State appropriation will make a 
sum equal to two and three-fourths mills on each dollar of 
the taxable property in the State. Fourth, the railroad tax 
received by the State in excess of one-half of one per cent, of 
the value of the railroad property. Fifth, interest of 
surplus revenue, and Sixth, local school tax. 

The $200,000 from the school fund is apportioned among 
the counties by the State Superintendent on the basis of 
the total days' attendance of pupils in the public schools. 
The State appropriation is apportioned among the counties 
by the State Comptroller on the basis of the ratables. 
Ninety per cent, of the State school tax paid by each county 
is returned to it, and the 10 per cent, received from all the 
counties forms the reserve fund, which is apportioned among 
the counties in the discretion of the State Board of Educa- 
tion. The railroad tax is apportioned on the ratables. 

The County Superintendent apportions to each district 
$600 for the Superintendent or Supervising Principal, if 
there be one ; $500 for each teacher in a special class for sub- 
normal children ; $400 for each Assistant Superintendent, 
and for each permanent teacher employed in a high school 
having a full four-years' course of study ; $300 for each per- 
manent teacher employed in a high school having a full three- 
years' course of study ; $200 for each permanent teacher 
employed in any kindergarten, primary or grammar grade or 
in a high school having less than three years' course of study ; 
$80 for each temporary teacher employed more than four 
months ; $80 for each evening school teacher ; $25 for each 
high school pupil for whom a tuition fee is paid to another 
district ; $5 for each pupil below the high school grade 
for whom such tuition fee is paid, and 75 per cent of the 
cost of transportation of pupils to schools in other districts. 
The balance of the State school moneys received by the 
county is apportioned on the basis of the total number of 
days' attendance of the pupils. 

The custodian of municipal funds is the custodian of 
school moneys, unless the Board of Education appoints the 
collector as custodian. In either case, the compensation of 
the custodian must be fixed by the Board of Education and 



198 SCHOOL LAW. 

paid from school funds. If there are two or more munici- 
palities In the district, the Board of Education may appoint 
its own custodian. 

Each collector must pay to the county collector the 
amount of State school tax due from his taxing district 
not later than December twenty-second. If the tax is not 
paid by that date the County Superintendent must withhold 
the amount of reserve fund apportioned to the district and 
divide it the following year among all the districts in the 
county. The county collector must pay the State school tax 
to the State Treasurer not later than January twentieth. 

If a district provides a course in manual training, and 
such course is approved by the State Board of Education, the 
State will give to such district each year a sum equal to that 
raised in the district for manual training, provided the 
amount raised is not less than $250 or more than $5,000. 

Every district must provide free text-books and supplies 
for all pupils and must also provide a flag for each school 
house, which flag must be displayed every day the school is 
in session. The selection of a text-book requires the vote of 
a majority of the whole number of members of the Board 
of Education. A Board of Education must employ medical 
inspectors and attendance officers. 

Every school which raises $20 to establish a school library 
may receive a like amount from the State. After the first 
payment, the State will give $10 each year that the school 
raises the same amount. Library moneys may be used for 
library books, reference books, apparatus, or educational 
works of art. 

All plans for school houses must be submitted to the State 
Board of Education for suggestion and criticism. Every 
school house hereafter erected must comply with the follow- 
ing requirements : First, light must be admitted to the class 
rooms only from the left and rear. Second, the total light 
area must equal 20 per cent, of floor space. Third, there 
must be 18 square feet of floor space and not less than 200 
cubic feet of air space for each pupil. Fourth, all rooms 
must have a proper system of ventilation which will supply 
30 cubic feet of fresh air per minute for each pupil. Fifth, 
all ceilings must be at least 12 feet in height and all stairs 



SCHOOL LAW. 199 

must be at least 4 feet wide, with Intermediate landings, 
enclosed In brick walls or by partitions of slow-burning con- 
struction, and withiout open wall Iioles. Sixth, a school 
house having eight rooms must have two flights of stairs, 
each four feet in width, or one flight not less than six feet 
in width, one having from eight to sixteen rooms, two flights 
of stairs not less than five feet in width, and one having 
sixteen or more rooms, four flights of stairs not less than 
four feet in width, or two flights not less than six feet In 
width. Seventh, all ceilings must be either metal, wood or 
plaster on metal laths and painted white or some light tint. 

A person cannot be legally employed as a teacher unless 
he holds a teacher's certificate in full force and effect at 
the time he begins teaching. Before beginning to teach 'he 
must show his certificate to the Superintendent of Schools. 
A Board of Education may adopt rules governing the em- 
ployment of teachers. In the absence of rules, the contract 
must be in writing in triplicate, one copy filed with the 
Board of Education, one with the County Superintendent, 
and one with the teacher. The employment, promotion or 
dismissal of a teacher requires the vote of a majority of the 
whole number of members of the Board of Education. After 
three years' continuous service a teacher cannot be removed 
except upon charges and after a hearing. 

All persons appointed as teachers, principals or superin- 
tendents, who have not taught In this State prior to Jan- 
uary 1st, 1908, are members of the Teachers' Retirement 
Fund by virtue of such appointment. 

The State Board of Examiners consists of the Commis- 
sioner of Education, the Principals of the Normal Schools 
and a County Superintendent and a City Superintendent 
appointed by the State Board of Education. This Board 
issues certificates valid in all parts of this State and in any 
school or grade. 

All kindergarten teachers must hold special kindergarten 
certificates. Special certificates may be issued for kinder- 
garten, physical training, manual training, music, drawing, 
modern languages, commercial branches, cooking, sewing, 
agriculture and penmanship. All applicants for certificates 
must file testimonials of good moral character, and, in case 
of previous experience, of success as teachers. 



200 SCHOOL LAW. 

Graduates of the Normal Schools receive State certifi- 
cates. Graduates of normal schools in other States may 
have their diplomas endorsed, provided the course of study 
pursued is equivalent to the course in the New Jersey Nor- 
mal Schools, and the State in which they were issued grants 
reciprocal privileges to graduates of the New Jersey Normal 
Schools. 

All children between the ages of 5 and 20 are entitled to 
attend the public schools in the districts in which they 
reside. If a kindergarten has been established, children 
4 years of age may attend. A Board of Education must 
provide suitable school facilities for all the children desiring 
to attend school. The Board of Education may provide for 
the education of pupils in the higher grades by payment of 
tuition fees to adjoining districts. If a child lives remote 
from any school in the district, the Board may transport 
such child to school or pay for its tuition in another district. 
A Board of Education may close a school and transport all 
the children to another school. Children who have never 
attended any school can be admitted to a public school 
only during the ten days immediately following the open- 
ing of the school in the fall and during the first five days in 
January and April, except by the vote of a majority of all 
the members of the Board of Education. 

All children between the ages of 7 and 16 must attend 
either a public or private school every day such school is in 
session, unless they are taught at home or are physically 
or mentally unfit to attend. Children between 14 and 16 
years of age who have completed five yearly grades may be 
granted certificates permitting them to go to work. The 
parent of a child who does not attend school may be pro- 
ceeded against before a magistrate as a disorderly person. 
If the parent is unable to control the child, such child may 
be proceeded against as a disorderly person. 

Corporal punishment in all public and private schools is 
absolutely prohibited. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



201 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL, 

1776 to 1844. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Lewis M. Walker. 
J— 39, Japhet Ireland. 



40—41, Mahlon Canfleld. 
42 — 44, Absolam Cordery. 



Bergen County. 



76, 82—83, John Fell. 
77—78, Robert Morris. 
79—81, Theunis Dey. 
84—90, 92—95, Peter Haring. 
91, 96—06, John Cutwater. 

07, 09—11, Peter Ward. 

08, 12—13, William Colfax. 
14—15, 18, Adrian Post. 

16, 19—21, John D. Haring. 

17, Martin Ryerson. 
22—23. Christian Zabriskie. 



24—26, 30, 32—33, 

Charles Board. 
27—29, Nathaniel Board. 
31, Jacob M. Ryerson. 

Christian C. Zabriskie. 

Samuel R. Demarest. 

Francis Price. 
40, Albert G. Doremus. 
41 — 42, John Cassedy. 
43 — i4, John H. Zabriskie. 



34—35 
36—37, 



Burlington County. 



76, Richard Smith. 02—04, 

77, John Imlay. 10—13, 
78—80, 83, Peter Tallman. 14, 
81—82, John Cox. 15—17, 
84—86, 89—90, William Newbold.l8, 29- 
87—88, Joseph Smith. 32—33, 

91, James Kinsey. 34, 

92, 1818—28, Calem Newbold. .35—36, 

93—96, John Black. 37—41, 

97—1801, 04—09, 42, 

George Anderson. 43 — 44, 



Samuel Hough. 
John Beatty. 
Caleb Earl. 
William Irick. 
-31, William N. Shinn. 
Richard Campion. 
James Newbold. 
Charles Stokes. 
William Irick. 
Moffett Craig. 
James S. Hulme. 



Cape 3Iay County. 



1776, Jonathan Hand. 11, 

77, 79—80, 82—83, Jesse Hand. 14, 

78, Jonathan Jenkins. 15 — 19, 

81, 85, Elijah Hughes. 

84, 86 — 93, Jeremiah Eldredge. 20 — 23, 

94—95, 1806, 09—10, 28—30, 

Matthew Whillden. 31—33, 

96—98, 1800, 04, 34—35, 

Permenus Corson. 36 — 37, 

99, John T. Townsend. 38—39, 

1801 — 04, 07, Ebenezer Newton. 40 — 41, 

05—06, William Eldredge. 42—44, 

08, 12 — 13, Joseph Falkenberge. 



Nathaniel Holmes. 
Furman Leaming. 

24, 26—27, 
Joshua Swaine. 

25, Thomas H. Hughes. 
Israel Townsend. 
Joshua Townsend. 
Jeremiah Leaming. 
Richard Thomson. 
Amos Corson. 
Thomas P. Hughes. 
Maurice Beesley. 



202 MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

1776 to 1S44. 
Cumberland County. 

7G — 77, 82, Tlieopbilus Elmer. 13, Ezekiel Foster. 

78, Ephraim Harris. 14, 18, James Clark. 

79, John Buck. 20—21, James D. Westcott. 

80, 84, Jonathan Elmer. 26, Ephraim Bateman. 

81, 83, 85—94, 96—97, 99—1800, 27-28, John Trenchard. 

Samuel Ogden. 29—32, Elias P. ifeeley. 

95, Eli Elmer. 33, 37, Israel Stratton. 

98, Joel Fithian. 34, David Keeves. 

1801—02, David Moore. 35—36, Joshua Brick. 

03—04, 10 — 11, George Burgiu. 38, Nathaniel Foster. 

05 — 06, Abraham Sayre. 39 — 40, Samuel Barber. 

06, 08, 12—13, 15—17, 19, 22—25, 41, Ephraim H. Whitecar. 

Ebenezer Seeley. 42, David Whitaker. 

07, Ebenezer Elmer. 43 — 44, Enoch H. Moore. 

09, James B. Hunt. 



Essex County. 

76—77, 79, Stephen Crane. 15—16, 25, 28, Amos Harrison. 

78, Abraham Clark. 19—22, 26, Silas Condit. 

80, James Caldwell. 24, 30, John Dow. 

81 — 84, Josiah Hornblower. 27, Samuel Pennington. 

85—87, John Peck. 29, Amzi Dodd. 

88, John Chetwood. 31 — 32, Isaac H. Williamson. 

89, Jonathan Dayton. 33, Jacob M. Mead. 

90 — 97, John Condit. 34, Oliver S. Halstead. 

98 — 1800, Daniel Marsh. 35, Stephen D. Day. 

01, 06, 10—13, Charles Clark. 36, Andrew Parsons. 

02 — 03, William S. Pennington. 37, John J. Chetwood. 

04 — 06, 17 — 18, 23, John Dodd. 38 — 40, Amzi Armstrong. 

07, Moses Jacques. 41 — 42, William Chetwood. 

08—09, Thomas Ward. 43 — 44, Joseph S. ))odd. 

14, Charles Kinsey. 



Gloucester County. 

1776—80, 84, John Cooper. 21—22, Michael C. Fisher. 

81, Joseph Hugg. 23, 29, 31—32, Joseph Kaighn. 

82—83, 85—86, Elijah Clark. 24—25, Isaac Wilkins. 

87—94, Joseph Ellis. 26, John Moore White. 

95 — 97, Joseph Cooper. 27, Christopher Sickler. 

98 — 1802, Thomas Clark. 28, Jeremiah J. Foster. 

03—06, 11, Isaac Mickle. 30, 33—35, John W. Mlckle. 

06, 14, 16, Samuel W. Harrison. 30—38, John C. Smallwood. 

07 — 10, Richard M. Cooper. 39 — 40, Joseph Porter. 

12 — 13, James Hopkins. 41, William R. Cooper. 

17 — 18, James Matlack. 42, Joseph Saunders. 

19 — 20, John Baxter. 43 — 44, Joshua P. Browning. 



Hudson County. 

1840, Abraham Van Santvoord. 43 — 44, Edwin V. R. Wright. 
41—42, John S. Comllt. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



203 



1776 to 1844. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776—81, John Stevens. 

82, Joseph Reading. 
83 — 84, Philemon Dickinson. 
85 — 88, Robert-Lettis Hooper. 

89, Benjamin Van Cleve. 
90 — 1804, John Lambert. 
05 — 06, John Wilson. 
06—14, John Haas. 

15, Aaron Vansyckle. 
16—19, 21, 24—25, 

Elnathan Stevenson. 

20, Thomas Prall. 



22 — 23, John Cavanagh. 
26 — 29, George Maxwell. 
30, Thomas Capner. 
31—32, Peter I. Clark. 

33, Alexander Wurts. 

34, Nathaniel Saxton. 
35, 42^4, William Wilson. 

36, Henry S. Hunt. 
37 — 38, Joseph Moore. 

39, James Snyder. 
40—41, John Lilly. 



Mercer County. 



1838—39, Charles G. McChesney. 4: 
40—41, James White. 



t, George Woolsey. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, John Wetherill. 18, John N. Simpson. 

77—79, Jonathan Deare. 19, 21, 27—28, James T. Dunn. 

80, 83, 88, Benjamin Manning. 23—24, 26, 30, 



81—82, 1806, John Beatty. 
84 — 85, 96, Samuel Fitz-Randolph. 
86 — 87, 89 — 94, Samuel Randolph. 
95, 97, 99—1806, 

Ephraim Martin. 
98, 1820, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 
07, 09, 14—17, 22, 

Ercuries Beatty. 



Robert McChesney. 
25, William Edgar. 

29, James Cook. 

30, Samuel Edgar. 

32, John T. McDowell. 

33, Josiah B. Howell. 

34, Andrew Snowhill. 

35, John Perrine, Jr. 



10, 12—13, James Schureman.36— 38, 41, George T. McDowell. 

11, John James. 39 — 40, David B. Appleget. 
13, John Neilson. 42 — 44, Abraham W. Brown. 



Monmoutli County. 



1776, Nathaniel Scudder. 
77 — 79, Joseph Holmes. 
80—83, 89—92, 95, 

Elisha Lawrence. 

84, John Imlay. 

85, David Forman. 
86—88, 99, Asher Holmes. 
93—94, 1812—13, 

Thomas Henderson. 
96 — 98, Elisha Walton. 

1800, John Lloyd. 
01—07, Thomas Little. 

08, WilUam Lloyd. 

09, John A. Scudder. 



10—11, 13—21, Silas Crane. 

22, William Andrews. 
23 — 24, William I. Bowne. 
25, 28—29, William I. Emley. 
26 — 27, Henry D. Polhemus. 

30, Samuel G. Wright. 
31, 34, John Patterson. 
32 — 33, Daniel Holmes. 
35 — 36, Thomas Aarowsmith. 

37, William L. Dayton. 
38 — 39, Benjamin Oliphant. 

40, Peter Vredenburgli, Jr. 
41 — 44, James Patterson. 



204 MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

1776 to 1844. 

Morris County. 

1776—80, Silas Condict. 23—27, Silas Cook. 

81—84, John Carle. 28—30, Edward Condict. 

85, John-Cleve Symmes. 31—32, 40^1, James Wood. 

86—88, 93—94, 96—1800, 33, Mahlon Dickersou. 

Abraham Kitchel. 34, William Monro. 

89—90, William Woodhull. 35—36, Jephthah B. Munn. 

91—92, 95, Ellis Cook. 37—38, William Brittin. 

1801—06, David Welsh. 39, Jacob W. Miller. 

07 — 14, Benjamin Ludlow. 42, Ezekiel B. Gaines. 

15 — 22, Jesse Upson. 43 — 44, John H. Stansborough, 



Passaic County. 

1837 — 38, Andrew Parsons. 42, William Deckey. 

39—40, Nathaniel Board. 43—44, Silas D. Canfield. 

41, Silas E. Canfleld. 



Salem County. 

1776, 78 — 79, Andrew Sinnickson. 23, 40, Josiah M. Reeve. 

77, Edward Keasby. 24 — 25, Zacheus Ray. 

80, 82, 86, Whitten Cripps. 26—28, 32, Israel R. Clawson. 

81, 83—84, John Holme. 29, Philip Freas. 
85, 87—93, John Mayhev;. 30, James Newell. 
94 — 96, Thomas Sinnickson. 31, Henry Freas. 
97—99, 1801—04, William Parret. 33, Charles Swing. 

1800, William Wallace. 34, 37, William F. Reeve. 

04, 06—07, Jacob Hufty. 35, Samuel Humphreys. 

05—06, 09—13, Isaiah Shinn. 36, Thomas Yarrow. 

08, Samuel Ray. 38—39, John A. Lambert. 

13 — 17, Jedediah Dubois. 41, Robert Newell. 

18, 20 — 22, John Dickinson. 42, Samuel Bolton. 

19, Hedge Thompson. 43 — 44, Joseph C. Nelson. 



Somerset County. 

1776, William Paterson. 14, 26 — 29, Andrew Howell. 

77, 93—97, James Linn. 20—25, Peter I. Stryker. 

78, Abraham Van-Neste. 30 — 34, James S. Green. 
79, 81 — 89, Ephraim Martin. 35, William Thompson. 

80, John Withersiioon. 36—38, Walter Kirkpa trick. 
90 — 92, Frederick Frelinghuysen. 39, Augustus R. Taylor. 

98—1804, Peter De Vroom. 40 — 41, Joseph W. Scott. 

04, Henry Vanderveer. 42 — 44, Geoi'ge H. Brown. 
05—13, 15—19, 

John Frelinghuysen. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



205 



1776 to 1844. 
Sussex County. 



1776, 80, John-Cleves Symmes. 19 — 20, 

77, 84—85, 89—90, 21, 

Robert Hoops. 22, 

78—79, Robert Ogdon. 23—24, 

81—83, Hugh Hughes. 25—26, 

86 — 88, Mark Thomson. 27, 

91—99, Charles Beardslee. 28—31, 

1800—04, William McCullough. 32, 

04, John Linn. 33—34, 

05—06, George Bidleman. 37—38, 

06, Jacob S. Thomson. 39 — 40, 

07 — 13, Barnabus Swayze. 41 — 42, 

13—15, William Kennedy. 43 — 44, 
16 — 18, Thomas Vankirk. 



Robert W. Rutherford. 
William T. Anderson. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
Jacob Thompson. 
Thomas C. Ryerson. 
Samuel Fowler. 

35, David Ryerson. 
Peter Merkel. 

36, Samuel Price. 
Richard R. Morris. 
Daniel Haines. 
Alexander Boyles. 
Benjamin Hamilton. 



Warren County. 



1825, Jacob Thompson. 

26 — 28, Jeremy Mackey. 

29 — 30, Jonathan Bobbins. 

31, Samuel Wilson. 

32—33. Charles Carter. 



34—35, 

36—39, 

40, 

41. 



Charles Sitgreares. 
Robert H. Kennedy. 
Caleb H. Valentine. 
Henry H. Van Ness. 



42—44, Charles J. Ihrie. 



206 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



(VIEIVIBERS OF ASSEMBLY, 

1776 to 1844. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Joseph Endicott. 
38—39, Robert B. Risley. 



40—41, 
42—44, 



Joseph S. Read. 
George Wheaton. 



Bergen County. 



1776, Peter Zabriskie. 
76, 83, Theunis Dey. 

76, 84, 86, David Board 
77 — 78, Joast Beam. 

77, 81, Garret Leydecker. 

77, 82, 87, 1815, John Cutwater. 
78—81, 87, Peter Wilson. 

78, 97 — 1804, Thomas Blanch. 

79, Robert Morris. 
79 — 83, Isaac Blanch. 

80, Gabriel Ogden. 
82—83, 87, 94—95, Adam Boyd. 
84—86, 92, 96, 1810—11, 

Jacob Terhune (Terheun) 

84, Edow Merseallus. 

85, Abraham Blauvelt. 

85 — 86, §8 — 90, 93, Isaac Nicoll. 
88 — 90, 93, John (A.) Benson. 
90 — 91, Edmund W. Kingsland. 
91, 95, John Haring. 
91 — 92, 96, Henry Berry. 
92—94, 96—1802, 04—06, 
Peter Ward. 

94, William M. Bell. 

95, Benjamin Blaclidge. 
97 — 98, Robert Campbell. 
99—1801, John Dey. 

02 — 04, 06, Isaac Kipp. 
03 — 04, Martin I. Ryerson. 
04 — 06, 08 — 09, Adrian Post. 
05 — 06, Odonijah Schuyler. 
06—07, 09—11, William Colfax. 

07, John Vanhorn. 

07, Abraham Forshee. 
08, 14—17, Albert C. Zabriskie. 
08 — 09, 18, John Hopper. 
10—11, 13, John A. Westervelt. 
12 — 13, Martin Van Houten. 
12 — 13, 19, Casparus Bogart. 
12 — 13, Thomas Dickerson. 

14, Richard Cadmus. 

14, Jacob K. Mead. 
15, 20—21, Charles Board. 

15, Garret A. Lyd acker. 
16 — 17, Jacob Banta. 



16—17, 
16, 21- 
18, 
18, 24, 
19—20, 

19, 

20, 

21—23, 

22—23, 

23—24, 

24, 

25, 

26, 

27, 30, 

27, 

28, 

28, 

28—29, 

29—30, 

30, 33, 

31, 

31, 

31, 

32—33, 

32—33, 

32, 

34, 

34—35, 

34, 

35, 36, 

35, 



37—38, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
39—40, 
39, 
39—40, 
41—42, 
41—42, 
43—44, 
43-^4. 



Cornelius Merseiles. 
-22, Peter Sip. 
Casparus Prior. 
Nathaniel Board. 
25—26, 29, 

t'ornelius Van Winkle. 
Silas Brinkerhoof. 
Sebe Brinkerhoof. 
John Westervelt, Jr. 
25—27, David I. Christie. 
Garret Ackerson. 
John Van Waggoner. 
Henry B. Haggerman. 
Charles Kinsey. 
Peter J. Terhune. 
Cornelius D. Van Riper. 
Christian Zabriskie. 
Peter C. Westervelt. 
Andrew P. Hopper. 
John Ward. 
Samuel R. Demarest. 
Garret Sip. 
Andrew H. Hopper. 
John R. Blauvelt. 
Garret P. Hopper. 
John M. Cornelison. 
Samuel Demarest. 
John F. Hopper. 
Abraham Lydecker. 
Peter I. Ackerman. 
Michael Saunier. 
John H. Hopper. 
Henry Doremus. 
Jetur R. Riggs. 
David D. Van Bussum. 
Albert G. Lydecker. 
John Cassedy. 
John G. Ackerson. 
Albert G. Poremus. 
Albert J. Terhune. 
James I. Demarest. 
John H. Zabriskie. 
William G. Hopper. 
Jacob C. Terhune. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



207 



1776 to 1844. 



Burlington County. 



1776—77, Peter Tallman. 


20, 


76, 78, 


83, Caleb Sbreve. 


21—24, 


76, 


Joseph Newbold. 


21—23, 


77, 


Samuel Rogers. 


22, 


77—82, 


Thomas Fenimore. 


23—24, 


78—79, 


Josiah Foster. 


25—27, 


79, 85—90, Joseph Biddle. 


25—27, 


80, 


William Trent. 


25—28, 


80, 


William Hough. 


'"-11: 


81—83, 


Israel Sbreve. 


81, 83, 


90—92, 95, 


28, 




George Anderson. 


29, 


82, 


Thomas Reynolds. 


29, 


84, 


James Kinsey. 


30, 


84, 


Cleayton Newbold. 


30—35, 


84—85, 


87, Richard S. Smith. 


30, 


85, 


Joseph Smith. 


30—32, 


86, 


David Ridgway. 


31—32, 


86, 


Uriah Woolman. 


31—32, 


87—89, 


Robert Strettell Jones. 


31—32, 


88—90, 


Daniel Newbold. 


31, 


91, 


Joshua M. Wallace. 


32—34, 


91, 


Caleb Newbold. 


33, 


92, 1801—04, John Lacey. 


33, 


92—93, 


Thomas Hollenshead. 


33—34, 


93—96, 


Samuel Hough. 


33, 


93, 


Henry Ridgway. 


34, 


94, 


Joseph Stokes. 


34, 


94, 


John Van Emburgh.' 


34, 


95—96, 


Stacy Biddle. 


35—36, 


96—1804, 06—09, 16—17, 


35—36, 




William Coxe, Jr. 


35—30, 


97, 1820—22, Thomas Newbold. 


35-36, 


97—1801, Job Lippiucott. 


36, 


97—1800, 02—07, 


37—38, 




William Stockton. 


37—38, 


98, 


Joseph Budd. 


37, 


99—1804, 08—17, 19, 


37, 




William Pearson. 


38—39, 


1804—11, 13—14, William Irick. 


38, 


04—06, 


Isaac Cowgill. 


39—41, 


04—13, 


Caleb Earle. 


39—41, 


10—15, 


Charles Ellis. 


39—40, 


12—17, 


Samuel J. Read. 


40—41, 


15—16, 


William Reeve. 


41—42, 


17—19, 


24, John Evans, Jr. 


42—44, 


18—19, 


23—24, William Griffith. 


42-44, 


18—19, 


John Nev.-bold. 


42 — 44, 


18, 


Samuel Haines. 


42, 


20, 


George Hulme. 


43—44, 


20—22, 


25—27, Gershom Mott. 


43—44, 



William Stockton, Jr. 
Richard L. Beatty. 
William Woolman. 
Samuel Deacon. 
Jonathan Hough. 
29, Joshua S. Earl. 
Isaiah Toy. 
37 — 41, John Emley. 
Samuel Black. 
Philip F. Howell. 
Richard Eayre. 
John AVarren. 
Charles M. Wells. 
Charles Stokes. 
George Deacon. 
Richard Campion. 
Benjamin H. Lippincott. 
Joshua Wright, Jr. 
Benjamin Shreve, Jr. 
William R. Allen. 
Samuel Black. 
Israel Biddle. 
John H. Rulon. 
Zebedee M. Wills. 
Isaac Hilliard. 
George Black. 
Benjamin Fish. 
Amos Stiles. 
Thomas Page, M.D. 
Anderson Lalor. 
Moses Wills. 
Thomas F. Budd. 
Benjamin Davis. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Jesse Richards. 
Amos W. Archer. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Phineas S. Bunting. 
Bowes Reed Brown. 
William W. Norcross. 
William Black. 
Levi Borton. 
Elihu Mathis. 
Isaac Stokes. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
John C. Deacon. 
Benjamin Ridgway. 
Joseph Satterthwait. 
Thomas Harrison. 
Thomas Harris. 
Isaiah Adams. 



208 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 
Cape May County. 



1776, Eli Eldridge. 
76, Joseph Savage. 
76 — 77, Hugh Hathorne. 
77, 79, 84, 

Henry- Young Townsend. 
77—78, 80—81, 

Jeremiah Eldredge. 

78, John Hand. 
81, 87—88, 90—96, 

Richard Townsend. 

79, James Whilden. 
79, Jonathan Learning. 

83, Joseph Hildreth. 
80—82, 86—88, 91—93, 1804, 

Matthew Whilden. 
82—83, 85—85, John Baker. 
82, 84—92, 96, 98, 

Elijah Townsend. 

84, Levi Eldredge (Resigned) 
85, 89—90, Nezer Swain. 

89, Eli Townsend. 
93, Ebenezer Newton. 



T8, 



80, 



94- 



94, David Johnston. 
-95, Eleazer Hand. 

95, Reuben Townsend. 

96, 99, 1801, Abijah Smith. 

97, 1800, Persons Learning. 
1802 — 04, 10, Joseph Falkinburge. 
05—07, 09, 12—13, 

Thomas H. Hughes. 
06, 08, 11, 15—17, 18—19, 22, 

Nicholas Willits. 

Joshua Swain. 

Robert M. Holmes. 

23, 26, 28—29, 

Joshua Townsend. 

27, Israel Townsend. 

Jeremiah Learning. 

Richard Thomson. 

Amos Corson. 
38 — 39, Thomas P. Hughes. 
40 — 41, Maurice Beesley. 
42—44, Reuben Willets. 



13, 

14, 

20—21, 

24—25, 
30—33, 
34—35, 
36—37, 



Cumberland County. 



1776—77, 82—84, 86—87, 92, 
Ephraim Harris. 

76, 78, 82—83, 85—86, 96, 99, 

Jonathan Bowen. 
76—78, John Buck. 

77, 94, Ephraim Seeley. 
78 — 79, James Ewing. 
79, 91—93, Joel Fithian. 

79, Timothy Elmer. 

80, Thomas Ewing. 
80, Samuel Ogden. 

80, Ladis Walling. 
81—83, Joshua Ewing. 

81, Joshua Brick. 
81, Josiah Seeley. 
84, William Kelsey. 

84—85, 87—89, 91—92, 

John Burgin. 
85 — 88, John Sheppard. 
88 — 89, Eli Elmer. 
89—91, 93—95, 1817, 19, 
Ebenezer Elmer. 
90, 1800, Richard Wood, Jr. 
93, 96 — 97, David ISIoore. 
94 — 95, Benjamin Peck. 

95, Ebenezer Seeley. 
96 — 97, James Harris. 

98, Isaac Wheaton. 

98, John Sheppard, Jr. 
99—1802, George Burgin. 
1801 — 04, Azel Pierson. 



03—04, 

04, 

1800, 05—06, 

05—06, 

06, 16, 

06—07, 

07—08, 

08—09, 

09—15, 

10, 

12—13, 

14, 

15—16, 

15, 17, 

16, 18, 
17—18, 
18—19, 
19—23, 

20—23, 
22 

23—2.5! 
24, 
25, 

20 29, 

26—28! 
29, 
29, 

30—31, 



Robert Smith. 
Abijah Davis. 
James Lee. 
Jedediah Ogden. 
James D. Westcott. 
Benjamin Champneys. 
Jonathan Moore. 
11, 13, Ephraim Bateman. 
Daniel Richman. 
Isaac Watts Crane. 
Stephen Willis. 
Thomas Lee. 

20, 24, Nathan Leake. 
John S. Wood. 
Daniel Parvin. 

John Sibley. 

21, John Lanning, Jr. 
25—28, 30, 
William B. Ewing. 
Lucius Q. C. Elmer. 
J. Mayhew. 

Ishrael Stratton. 
George Souder. 
Edmund Sheppard. 
Nathaniel Foster. 
36. Elias P. Seeley. 
Philip Fithian. 
Michael Swing. 
Jeremiah Stratton. 
William D. Barrett. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



209 







1776 


to 1844. 


31- 


-32, 


John Lanning. 


37, 




31, 


Henry Shaw. 




32, 


43—44, Josiah Shaw. 


38—39, 




32, 


Reuben Hunt. 


38, 




33, 


Jeremiah Stull. 


40, 




33, 


Noah W. Flanagan. 


40 — 41, 




33, 


William Lore. 


40—41, 


34- 


-36, 


Thomas B. Hunt. 


41, 


34—35, 


39, Isaac Newcomb. 


42, ' 


34, 


39, 


Ephraim H. Whitaker 


42, , 






(Wbitecar). 


42, , 




36, 


Peter Ladow. 


43—44, 




37, 


Noah W. Flanagin. 


43—44, , 




37, 


Samuel Bowen. 





David Whitaker (White- 
car). 

Belford M. Bonham. 
David Jones. 
Lewis Rice. 
Benjamin F. Chew. 
William P. Seeley. 
Elmer Ogden. 
Thomas Ware. 
Joseph Butcher. 
John R. Cory. 
Daniel L. Burt. 
Joseph Taylor. 



Essex County. 



1776, 83—85, Abraham Clark. 
76—82, 93, Caleb Camp. 
76, 82—88, Henry Garrltso. 

77, Edward Fleming. 
77 — 79, 81, Jacob BrookQeld. 
78, 82, Isaac Woodruff. 
79 — 80, Josiah Hornblower. 
80, 82—83, 85—86, 89, 93, 
Daniel Marsh. 

81, Samuel Potter. 

84, John Peck. 
86 — 87, 90, Jonathan Dayton. 
87—90, 94—97, Jonas Wade. 
88—89, John Condit. 

90, Abraham Ogden. 
91—92, 94—96, Elias Dayton. 
91—92, Matthias Williamson. 
91 — 92, Israel Hedden. 
93, 96, 98-1800, 06—07, 
Abraham Spear. 
94 — 95, James Hedden. 
97 — 99, William S. Pennington. 

97, Stansbury Recompence. 
98—1800. 05—06, 09. 16, 

Charles Clark. 
1800 — 01, Jabez Parkburst. 
01, 04, 06, 10, Amos Harrison. 

01, Ralph Post. 
02—04, 07, 10, 24, 28, 

Abraham Godwin. 
02—04, 08—09, 13, 15, 17—18, 

Israel Day. 
02 — 04, Ezra Darby. 
04, 06, James Willcock. 
04, 06—09, Silas Whitehead. 
05—06, 10—15, 20—23, 25, 

Samuel Pennington. 
05 — 06, Moses Jacques. 
05—06, 17—18, William Gould. 

07, Abraham Vanhouten. 
08 — 09, 19, Nathan Squler. 

14 



08, Andrew Wilson. 

10, Joseph Quinby. 

11, Thaddeus Mills. 
11, 14, Samuel Coudit. 

11, Abraham Ackerman. 
12—13, 19, Charles Kinsey. 
12 — 14, James Wilson. 
12—13, 16, Silas Condit. 
14 — 15, Jonathan Dayton. 
15—16, 20, 22—23, John Dow. 

16, Isaac H. Williamson. 
17—19, Thomas T. Kinney. 
17—23. Samuel B. Miller. 
20, 26—27, Stephen D. Day. 
21 — 22, Philemon Dickerson. 

21, Caleb Halstead. 

23, 25, John Mann. 

24, Francis C. F. Randolph. 

24, 26—27, Amzi Dodd. 
24—26, 28, William Stites. 

25, John Travers. 

26, Brant Van Blarcom. 

27, Oliver S. Halsted. 
27—28, Dennis Coles. 

28, William Pennington. 

29, Joseph C. Hornblower. 
29, John J. Chetwood. 

29, John Vail. 

29, Luther Little. 

30, 33, Cornelius G. VanRiper. 
30—32, John J. Baldwin. 
30—32, Ira F. Randolph. 

30, Moses Smith. 

30, Stephen J. Meeker. 
31 — 32, David Martin. 
31 — 32, John P. Jackson. 
31—32, William Dickey. 
33—34, Asa Whitehead. 
33 — 34, John J. Bryant. 

S3, Robert Morrell. 



210 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 



33—34, 
34—35, 

34, 
35—36, 
35—36, 
35—36, 
35—36, 
36-37, 

37, 
37—38, 

37—38, 

37, 

38—39, 

38—39, 



Gideon Ross. 
Andrew Parsons. 
Jonas Smith. 
Jacob Flatt. 
Joseph N. Tuttle. 
James W. Wade. 
John J. Chetwood. 
William J. Pierson. 
Stephen Dod. 
Alexander C. M. Pe 
ington. 
John Littell. 
Israel Crane. 
Edward Sanderson. 
William Stites. 
Abraham V. Spear. 



39 — 40, James H. Robinson. 
39 — 40, Samuel H. Gardner. 
40 — 41, William B. Baldwin. 
40 — 41, Alexander Wilson. 
40 — 41, Benjamin F. Brookfield. 
41 — 44, Stephen Congar. 

41, Jonas Smith. 
41 — 42, David B. Lum. 
41—42, Jabez Cook. 
42 — 44, Lemuel W. Jacobus. 
42 — 44, Jotham Potter. 
42—44, Samuel C. Smith. 
42 — 44, Jephtha Baldwin. 
43 — 44, Isaac Van Wagenan. 
43 — 44, John Runyon. 



Gloucester County. 



76, 92, Richard Somers. 

76, Robert F. Price. 

76, 1801, Isaac Mickle. 

77, 78, Elijah Clark. 

77, John Wilkins, Jr. 
77, Isaac Tomlinson. 

78, 81—85, 87—93, 1803—04, 

Joseph Cooper. 
79 — 80, John Sparks. 

79, Joseph Low. 
79—80, Thomas Rennard. 

80, Isaac Kay. 
81—83, 90, Samuel Hugg. 
78, 81—85, 

Joseph Ellis (Resigned). 
84 — 88, 90 — 91, Thomas Clark. 

85, David Davis. 
86—89, Franklin Davenport. 

86, John Kille. 

89, 93, 95—97, 1800, 02, 

Abel Clement. 
91—94, John Blackwood. 

94, Benjamin Whitall. 
94, 99, Thomas Wilkins. 
95 — 97, 1800 — 02, Samuel French. 
95 — 96, Thomas Somers. 

97, Daniel Leeds. 
98—99, Joshua L. Howell. 
98—1802, Samuel W. Harrison. 

98, James Wilkins. 
1803—06, Robert Newell. 
03—04, 15—16, Richard Risley.' 
05 — 06, Reuben Clark. 

05 — 06, Samuel G. Champion. 
06, 10—11, Matthew Gill. 
06—07, 10, Michael C. Fisher. 
07 — 08, 11, Jacob Glover. 
07 — 08, 10, Benjamin Rulon. 
08—09, Thomas Doughty. 



11, Joseph Y. Clark. 

09, John Brick. 

-17, Isaac Pine. 

-13, Joseph C. Swett. 

-13, Daniel Carrell. 

-14, 24, 26, 

Charles French (Jun.). 

14, Nicholas Rape. 

-17, Edward Sharp. 

23, 28, John Estile (Estill). 

24, 26, Daniel Lake. 
-19, Samuel Kille. 

18, Samuel L. iJowell. 

19, Jeremiah J. Foster. 

19, Thomas Garwood. 

20, Jehu Wilson. 
20, William Tatem. 
23, John Moore AVhite. 

-22 25 23 34 
"'j"obn''R'. Scull. 

23, 28, Charles C. Stratton. 
-22, Joseph Kaighn. 

22, Isaac Mickle, Jr. 

-25, Benjamin B. Cooper. 

24, Thomas Chapman. 
-27, Thomas Bee. 

-28, 37—38. Joseph Porter. 

29, John W. Mickle. 

29, Isaac Hinchman. 
-30, Japhet Ireland. 
-31, Jacob Howey. 

-31, 38 — 40, Charles Reeves. 

30, Robert L. Armstrong. 
-32, Charles F. Wilkins. 
-32, Samuel B. Westcott. 

32, John Gill, Jr. 

38 — 40, Elijah Bower. 

-35, Joseph Rogers. 

33, Jesse Smith. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY 



211 





1776 


to 1844. 


33—35, 


William R. Cooper. 


41—42, 


34—35, 


Samuel B. Lippencott. 


41, 


85, 


Joseph Endicott. 


41, 


36—38, 


Joseph W. Cooper. 


42, 


3&-37, 


James W. Caldwell. 


42, 


36—37, 


David C. Ogden. 


43^4, 


36, 


John Richards. 


43—44, 


39—40, 
3&-40, 


Joseph Franklin. 


43 — i4. 


42, Richard W. Snowden 


. 43^4, 


41. 


Joseph L. Pierson. 





Thomas H. Whitney. 
John B. Miller. 
Charles Knight. 
Samuel C. Allen. 
Charles H. French. 
Nathan T. Stratton. 
Thomas B. Wood. 
Benjamin Harding. 
Samuel W. Cooper. 



1840, John S. Condit. 
41 — 42, Abraham L. Van Bos 
kerck. 



Hudson County. 

43—44, Benjamin F. Welch. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776—78, John Hart. 

76, 81, John Mehelm. 
76, Charles Coxe. 

77 — 78, 82, Nehemiah Dunham. 

77, 79—81, 83—88, 91—93, 95—98, 
1800, 02, 

Benjamin Van Cleve. 

78, David Chambers. 
79—80, Jared Sexton. 

79, William Gano. 

80 — 85, 88, John Lambert. 
82—84, Samuel Tucker. 
85—87, Joab Houghton. 
86—87, 89—90, 94. 

John Anderson. 

88, Robert Taylor. 

89, Joshua Corshen. 
89, Charles Axford. 

90 — 92, Thomas Lowrey. 

90, 92, John Taylor. 

91, 93—98, 1800, •»2, 

Aaron D. Woodruff. 
93—98, 1800, 02, Simon Wyckofif, 

93, Samuel Stout. 
94 — 95, David Frazer. 
96—97, 99—1800, 02, 

Stephen Burrows. 

97, Samuel R. Stewart. 

98, Joseph Beavers. 
98—99, 1801, 03—08, 

Joseph Hankinson. 
99—1801, 03—06, 37, John Haas. 

99, John Lequear. 
1801, 03—06, Nathan Stout. 
01—03, Peter Gordon. 

04, Hugh Runyon. 

04, Ellett Tucker. 
05—06, 08, Joshua Wright. 
06 — 14, Aaron Vansyckle. 





10, 




11, 


12- 


-13, 


12- 


-13, 


12- 


-13, 


13- 


-14, 


13- 


-14, 


13- 


-14, 


15- 


-16. 


15—17, 


15- 


-16, 


16—17, 


17- 


-18, 



07, John Dowers. 
07—11, 21, Moses Stout. 
09—11, 22, James J. Wilson. 

Elnathan Stevenson. 

Thomas Prall, Jr. 

William Potts. 

David Manners. 

Benjamin Wright. 

Edward Yard. 

Samuel Barber. 

John Opdycke. 

John Farlee. 

William Nixon. 

18—20, 23, 

Abraham Stout. 

Thomas Prall. 

Robert McNeely. 
18^19, 27—29, Isaac G. Farlee. 
18—23, George Maxwoll. 
19, 21, Isaac Taylor. 
20, Israel Taylor. 
20—21, 25 — 27, Thomas Capner. 

22, Levi Knowles. 
22, 27, Garret D. Wall. 
23—28, 30—32, Enoch Clifford. 
23—24, David Johnston. 
24—26, Asa C. Dunham. 
24, 28—31, Alexander Wurts. 
25—26, 30, 33, John Barton. 
28—29, Stacy G. Potts. 

29, Gabriel Iloff. 
30—33, Edward S. Mcllvaine. 
30—32, 34—35, William Marshall. 
31—32, Cornelius Ludlow. 
33—34, William H. Sloan. 
33 — 34, Sutphin Garrison. 

33, Andrew Weart. 
33—34, John W. nine. 

34, William McKee. 



212 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 





177G 


to 1844. 


35—36, 


Joseph Brown. 


38, 


35—37, 


John Hall. 


39-^0, 


35—36, 


Wilson Bray. 


39—40, 


35—36, 


John Blane. 


41, 


36, 


Andrew Larason. 


41^2, 


37, 


James A. Phillips. 


41^2, 


37—38, 


David Neighbour. 


41—42, 


37, 43—44, Jonathan Pickel. 


43—44, 


37, 


John H. Hu;iman. 


43-^4, 


38—40, 


Philip Hiler. 


43—44, 



James Snyder. 
George Servis. 
Joseph Exton. 
Jonathan Dawes. 
Leonard H. Flomerfelt. 
John B. Mattison. 
Isaac R. Srope. 
John Swackhamer. 
John H. Case. 
Joseph Johnson. 



fiercer County. 



1838—39, Josiah S. Worth. 

38, Robert C. Hutchinson. 
39—40, William Rosco. 

40, James Wilson. 

41, Isaac Baker. 

41, Isaac W. I.anning. 



41 — 42, John B. Mount. 

42, Isaac Batten. 

42, Henry W. Green. 
43 — 44, Israel J. Woodward. 
43 — 44, Richard J. Bond. 
43 — 44, John Lowry. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, 82—88, 91, 99, 1802, 06—10, 

John Combs. 

1776, Daniel Moores. 06—07, 

76—78, 94—95, 99, 08—10, 

Benjamin Manning. 11, 

77, 79, Matthias Baker. 11, 

77, Jacob Vandike. 11, 17, 

78, 80, Jacob Schenck. 14—15, 

78, Ebenezer Ford. 14, 

79, John Neilson. 16, 
79, Thomson Stelle. 16—18, 

80—82, Jacob Suydam. 17—18, 

80, 88, Melancthon Freeman. 19, 25, 

81, Jacob Martin. 19, 21- 

81—82, John Conger. 19—22, 

83 — 85, 88, James Schuurman. 20 — 26, 

83, Samuel Fitz-Randolph. 

84, Moses Bloorafield. 23—24, 
85 — 86, 87, 89, James Bonney. 23 — 24, 
86 — 87, James Douglass. 27 — 28, 

89, John Beatty. 28, 

89—90, 92—93, 96, 98, 29, 

Thomas McDowell. 29, 

90 — 95, Peter Vredenbergh. 29, 

90—92, John Runyan. 30—31, 

93, John Rattoone. 30—31, 

94—98, James Morgan. 31—32, 

96, Joseph F. Randolph. 32, 
97 — 1804, Gershom Dunn. 32, 

97, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 32, 34, 
1800, 14—15, William Edgar. 33, 
1800—01, John Neilson. 33, 
01—06, 12—13, 20, 33, 36, 

Erkuries Beatty. 33—34, 
03—10, 12—13, James Voorhees. 34—35, 

05—06. Andrew Elston. 34—35, 



12—13, 15—16, 18, 27, 
James Parker. 
Alexander Dunn. 
George Boice. 
John Brewster. 
John L. Anderson. 
26, James T. Dunn. 
John N. Simpson. 
Alexander Dunn. 
Hezekiah Smith. 
Allison Ely. 
Frazee Ayres. 
27 — 28, Charles Carson. 
-22, Samuel Edgar. 
25 — 26, James Cook. 
30—31, 

John T. McDowell. 
James F. Randolph. 
David Schenck. 
Andrew Snowhill. 
Nicholas Booraem. 
Littleton Kirkpatrick. 
Abraham Cruser. 
Josiah B. Howell. 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Charles G. McChesney 
David W. Vail. 
John H. Disborough. 
Simeon ivlundy. 
Henry Vandyke. 
John M. Tufts. 
Abraham W. Brown. 
Samuel C. JoJines. 
37, Richard S. Field. 
Ralph M. Crowell. 
Elias Runyon. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



213 



1776 to 1844. 



35 — 38, George P. Malleson. 

35, George T. McDowell. 

36, Thompson Edgar. 

36, William C. Alexander. 

87—38, David B. Appleget. 

37 — 39, Lewis Golding. 

38, 40, Adam Lee. 

39, Frederick Richmond. 

39, 41, David Dunn. 

39, Cornelius C. Cruser. 



40 — 41, John Acken. 

40, Israel R. Coriell. 

40, Dean Britton. 

41, Frazee Ayres. 

41, Aaron Gulick. 
42—44, John D. Field. 

42, Warren Brown. 

42 — 44, William Patterson. 

42 — 44, William L. Schenck. 

43—44, Joel B. Laing. 



Monmouth County. 



1776, 81—82, 92, 20, 

John Covenhoven. 21 — ^24, 

76, Joseph Holmes, Jr. 21—22, 

76—79, James Mott, Jr. 21—27, 

77—78, 86, Peter Schenck. 22, 

77—79, Hendrick Smock. 23, 

79—81, Thomas Seabrook. 24—26, 

80, Nathaniel Scudder. 24—30, 

80 — 84, Thomas Henderson. 27, 

82—85, Daniel Hendrickson. 28—30, 

83, Peter Covenhoven. 28, 

84—86, 94—95, Elisha Walton. 29—30, 

85—1801, Joseph Stillwell. 29—30, 

87—93, Thomas Little, 31, 33, 

87 — 89, James Rogers. 31 — 36, 
90—91, 93—96, John (H.) Imlay. 31, 33- 

96, William Wickoff. 31, 33- 

97, 1808, Robert Montgomery. 32, 
97_1800, William Lloyd. 32, 

98, 1800, 08, David Gordon. 32, 
99, Edward Taylor. 34—36, 

1801—07, James Cox. 36, 

01—04, 10—11, Peter Knott. 37, 

01—07, John A. Scudder. 37, 

04—07, 09, Henry Tiebout. 37, 

08, 12—13, Tylee Williams. 37, 

09, Silas Crane. 38—39, 
09—10, 13—14, John S. Holmes. 38—39, 

10—11, 13—14, 19—20, 38—39, 

Thomas Cox. 38—39, 

11, 13 — 14, James Anderson. 40, 

12—13, John Stillwell. 40, 

12—13, 23, 25—28, James Lloyd. 40, 

15 — 16, George Holcombe. 40, 
15—18, 20, Matthias Van Barkle. 41— 44, 

15 — 18, Reuben Shreve. 41 — i4, 

17—19, 21, Charles Parker. 41 — 44, 

18—19, William Ten Eycke. 41 — 44, 

19, Jacob Butcher. 41 — 44, 

20, Samuel F. Allen. 



Isaac Hance. 
William I. Conover. 
Corlis Lloyd. 
John T. Woodhull. 
John J. Ely. 
Cornelius Walling. 
Joseph Conover. 
James West. 
James Hopping. 
Daniel H. Ellis. 
Leonard Walling. 
Augustus W. Bennett. 
Ivins (W.) Davis. 
Benjamin Woodward. 
Annaniah Gifford. 
-35, Daniel B. Ryall. 
-36, Thomas G. Height. 
James S. Lawrence. 
Nicholas Van Wickle. 
Elisha Lippincott. 
William Burtis. 
Arthur V. Conover. 
Samuel Mairs. 
Edmund T. Williams. 
Thomas Miller. 
James Gulick. 
James Craig. 
Thomas E. Combs. 
William P. Forman. 
Garret Iliers. 
John Meirs. 
Henry W. Wolcott. 
James Grover. 
Charles Morris. 
Thomas C. Throckmortou 
John R. Conover, 
Joseph Brinley. 
Benjamin L. Irons. 
Samuel R. Oliphant. 



214 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 
Morris County. 



1776—78, Jacob Drake. 20—21, 
76—77, 79, 81—90, Ellis Cook. 

76—77, William Woodhull. 20, 

78—79, Abraham Kitchel. 22—23, 

78, 95, David Thomson. 23 — 26, 

79, Alexander Carmichael. 24, 

80, William Winds. 25—26, 
80, John Carle. 25—27, 
80, Eleazer I.indsly. 26, 35, 

81—82, 84, 86—90, 93—94, 97, 27, 

1801—04, 09. 27, 

Aaron Kitchel. 27, 

81—83, 85—88, 91, 95, 28—30, 

John Starke. 28—30, 

83, Jonathan Dickerson. 28—30, 

84 — 85, 89 — 90, Jacob Arnold. 31, 

91—94, 96—98, 1800, Silas Condit.31, 33- 

91—92, Hiram Smith. 31, 35, 

92, John Wurts. 32, 

93—94, 96—97, 1800, 32, 

David Welsh. 32, 

95, John Debow. 33—34, 

96, John Cobb. 33—35, 
98—99, 1801—04, 33—34, 

William Corwin. 35, 

98—1800, Cornelius Voorhees. 36, 

99, William Campfleld. 36, 

1802 — 04, Jonathan Ogden. 36, 

04 — 06, Jesse Upson. 36, 

05—09, Lewis Condict. 37—38, 

05—06, George Tucker. 37—38, 

06—08, Nicholas Neighbour. 37—38, 

07—13, Stephen Dod. 37—38, 

10—14, Jephthah B. Munn. 39—40, 
10, 13—15, Nicholas Mandeville. 39 — 40, 

11 — 13, Mahlon Dickerson. 39, 

13, 31, Leonard Neighbor. 39 — iO, 

14—22, David Thompson, Jr. 40-^1, 

15—16, 19, Benjamin Condit. 41, 

15—16, Ezekiel Kitchell. 41—42, 

16—18, Samuel Halliday. 41, 

17—18, John S. Darcy. 42, 

17, 21—22, 24, 42, 

Benjamin McCurry (Mc- 42—44, 

Courry) . 43 — 44, 

18—19, 21—24, 32, 43—44, 

William Brittin. 43—44, 
19—20, Silas Cook. 



23, 28—30, 
William Monro. 
Benjamin Smith. 
25, Ebenezer F. Smith. 
George K. Drake. 
John Scott. 
Joseph Dickerson. 
Ephraim Marsh. 
John D. Jackson. 
David Mills. 
Stephen Thompson. 
Walter Klrkpatrick. 
Joseph Jackson. 
Charles Hillard. 
John Hancock. 
Elijah Ward. 
-34, Thomas Muir. 
James Cook. 
Samuel Beach. 
Jacob W. Miller. 
Joseph Smith. 
Joseph Dickerson, Jr. 
Henry Hilliard. 
Silas Lindsley. 
Isaac Quimby. 
John A. Bleeker. 
William Dellicker. 
Alexander Dickerson. 
William Logan. 
Lewis Condict. 
Silas Tuttle. 
Robert C. Stephens. 
Ezekiel B. Gaines. 
Abraham Erittin. 
Ebenezer F. Smith. 
Jacob Weise. 
Paul B. De Bow. 
James W. Drake. 
Samuel B. Halsey. 
William Stephens. 
Thomas C. Willis. 
Samuel C. Halsey. 
David T. Cooper. 
James Clark. 
John M. Losey. 
Samuel Willet. 
George Vail. 



Passaic County. 



1837, Aaron S. Pennington. 
37—38, Henry M. Brown. 
38—39, Elisha Clarke. 
39 — 40, John F. Ryerson. 

40, James Speer. 

41, George M. Ryerson. 



41, Samuel A. Van Saun. 

42, Martin I. Ryerson. 

42. Adrian R. Van Houten. 
43 — 44, William S. Hogencamp. 
43 — 44, Thaddeus Board. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



215 



1776 to 1S44. 
Salem County. 



1776, 86, 89, Edmund Wetherby. 

76, Samuel Dick. 

76, Elisha Basset, Jr. 
77, 87—89, Benjamin Holme. 
77—79, Wbitten Cripps. 

77, 82, 84—85, 87—88, 

Thomas Sinnickson. 

78, 80, Allen Congletcn, Jr. 
78—80, John Mayhew. 

79, 82, 84—85, Anthony Sharp. 

80, 84, William Smith. 

81, 83, 86, Ephraim Lloyd. 
81—82, 84—85, 87—89, 

Edward Hall. 
81, James James. 
83, Thomas Norris. 
86, 90 — 91, Samuel Sharp. 
90, John Smith. 
90, Benjamin Cripps. 

91, 93, Bateman Lloyd. 
91—95, 98, John Sinnickson. 
92—95, 1800, Eleazer Mayhew. 

92, 94, Thomas Clement. 
95—97, William Wallice. 

96, William Parret. 

96, Gervas Hall. 

97, Clement Hall. 

97, 99, 1801, Artis Seagrave. 

98, 1800, Anthony Keasby, 
98—99, Joseph Shinn. 
99^1800, Isaac Moss. 
1801—04, Edward Burroughs. 
01 — 04, Merrymau Smith. 
02—04, Samuel Ray. 

04 — 14, Jeremiah Dubois. 
05—06, Charles Jones. 
05—06, Hedge Thompson. 
06—08, Daniel Garrison. 

06, Daniel Tracy. 
07 — 08, Nathan Bassett. 
09—10, 17, Philip Curriden. 
09, 11, John Smith. 

10, Samuel Miller. 

11, Anthony Nelson. 

12 — 13, Robert H. Van Meter. 
12—15, 19, James Newell. 
13 — 14, John Dickinson. 
13, 20—27, Henry Freas. 
15—16, Joseph Kille. 

15, 19—20, 22, Morris Hancock. 
16—18, Stacy Llovd. 

16, 18, John Mayhew. 

17, Peter Bilderback. 

18, Thomas Yarrow. 



19 

20, 30, 
20—21 

21, 23 
21, 23 

22 
22 
23 

24—26 

24—25 
24 
26 

27, 29 
27 
28 
28 
28 
29 

29, 31 
30 
30 
31 
31 
32 
32 

32, 34 
33 
33 
33 
34 
34 

35—36 
35 
35 



37 

37, 42 

38 

38—39: 

38—39, 

39, 

40, 

40 

40, 

41 

41 

41 

42, 

42 

43—44 

43 — 44 

43 — U 



Thomas jMurphy. 
Zaccheus Ray. 
John G. Mason. 
25, Robert G. Johnson. 
Abraham Swing. 
Jonathan Ricuman. 
John Sinnickson. 
Aaron 0. Dayton. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Israel R. Clawson. 
Samuel Clement. 
Benjamin Archer. 
William N. Jeffers. 
Thomas Sinnickson. 
Edward Smith. 
Jeremiah Foster. 
William J. Shinn. 
Jacob Wick. 
David Hurley. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 
John Summerill. 
James Butcher. 
Isaac .Johnson. 
Anthony Nelson. 
James W. Mulford. 
37, Isaac Johnson, 2d. 
Nehemiah Garrison. 
Richard P. Thompson. 
Jacob Hitchner. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Joseph Lippencott. 
Hudson A. Springer. 
Thomas J. Yorke. 
William Cook. 
Woodnut Petit. 
H. J. Fries. 
John Hall. 
John W. Maskell. 
Joseph Hancock. 
John Sumerille, Jr. 
Moses Richman, Jr. 
David Hurley. 
John Dickinson. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Alexander G. Cattell. 
John G. Ballinger. 
William H. Nelson. 
Thomas Flanagan. 
Nathaniel Bobbins, Sr. 
Thomas Dickinson, Jr. 
Samuel Capner. 
Allen Wallace. 
Thomas Bilderback. 



216 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 



Somerset County. 



1776, Jacob Bogart. 
76, Alexander MacEowen. 

76, ReolofC Vandike. 
77—78, William-Churchill Hous- 
ton. 

77, Alexander Kirkpatrick. 
77—79, Reolofif Sebring. 

78, 80—81, 84, 

David Kirkpatrick. 
79—88, 94, Edward Bunn. 

79, Henry Vandike. 
80, 84, Christopher Hoagland. 
81 — 82, John Schuurman. 

82, Deick Longstreet. 

83, Cornelius Ten-Broeck. 

83, 89, John Witherspoon. 

84, 1800—04, 

Frederick Frelinghuysen. 
85—89, 92, 

Robert Blaire (Blair). 
85—87, David Kelley. 

88, John Hardenbergh, 
89, 1812—13, 

Jacob R. Hardenburgh. 
90—91, 93, 95, Robert Stockton. 
90—91, 94—96, 1811—13, 

Peter D. Vroom. 
90—91, James Linn. 

92, William Wallace. 
92—99, 1811, Henry Southard. 

93, Jonathan Ford Morris. 
96—1810, 12—14, 

James Van Duyn. 

97, John Stryker. 

98, David Kelly. 
99—1806, 11, 

William McEowen. 



1804, 16—19, 22—23, 

James Stryker. 

04, John Annin. 
05—10, Peter I. Stryker. 

07, Samuel Swan. 
08—10, John N. Simpson. 
13—15, Samuel Bayard. 
13 — 19, Joseph Annin. 

15, Andrew Howell. 

16, Cornelius Van Horn. 
17—19, Martin Schenck. 
20—21, 23—25, Dickinson Miller 
20—25, 30—31, Jacob Kline. 
20—21, John H. Disborough. 

22, Henry Vanderveer. 
24 — 27, James S. Green. 
26—27, James D. Stryker. 
26—27, 29, Peter D. Vroom, Jr. 
28 — 29, James S. Nevius. 

28, William C. Annin. 

28, John H. Voorhees. 
29—31, Ferdinand S. Schenck. 
30—31, 35, William Cruser. 
32—34, John Brees. 
32—34, William D. Stewart. 
32 — 34, Cornelius L. Hardenburg. 
35—36, Nicholas C. Jobs. 

35, William D. McKissack. 
36—38, David T. Talmage. 
36—38, Henry Duryee. 
37 — 38, Ralph Voorhees. 
39—41, Henry H. Wilson. 
39—41, Daniel Cory. 
39—41, Arthur V. P. Sutphin. 
42 — 44, Samuel Reynolds. 
42 — 44, Peter Voorhees. 
42—44, Peter Kline. 



Sussex County. 



1776—78, Casper Shaffer. 

76, Abia Brown. 
76—77, Thomas Peterson. 

77, John MacMurtie. 

78, Jacob MacCollum. 

78, Benjamin MacCullough. 

79, Mark Thompson. 
79, 81, Peter Hopkins. 

79, Anthony Broderick. 

80, Edmund Martin. 
80, Hugh Hughes. 

80, Samuel Kennedy. 

81, Joshua Swayze. 

81 — 84, Isaac Van-Campen. 



82, Isaac Martin. 
82—92, Aaron Ilankinson. 

83, William Maxwell. 
84—89, Charles Beardslee. 

85 — 88, Christopher Longstreet. 
89 — 90, John Rutherford. 

90, Robert Ogden. 
91—92, William Helmes (Helms). 
91—92, Bidleman Voluntine (Val- 
entine). 
93—96, 99, William McCullough. 
93—94, Martin Ryerson. 
93—97, Peter Sharp. 

95, George Armstrong 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



217 



1776 to 1844. 



96—97, Peter Smith. 

97, Thomas Armstrong. 
97 — 98, John Gustin. 

98 — 1800, Joseph Gaston. 
98—1806, Levi Howell. 

98, William Runkle. 
99—1802, Silas Dickerson. 
1800, 04—06, 10—12, 

Joseph Sharp. 
01 — 04, John Linn. 
01 — 04, Abraham Shaver. 
03 — 04, John Johnson. 
04—06, 08—11, 

William Kennedy. 
05 — 06, William Armstrong. 
06 — 08, Henry Hankinson. 

06, John Coursen. 
06 — 07, Daniel Harker. 

06, William A. Ryerson. 
07 — 09, Aaron Kerr. 
07—09, John Cox. 
09—11, Richard Edsall. 

10, George Bidleman. 

11, Garret Vleit. 

12 — 15, Simon Cortright. 

12 — 15, James Davison. 

12 — 15, Robert W. Rutherford. 

13 — 15, Joseph Sharp. 

16 — 17, Abraham Bidleman. 

16 — 19, Robert C. Thomson. 

16, William Darrah. 

16, Peter Decker. 
17 — 19, George Beardslee. 
17 — 19, Jeremy Mackey. 
18—19, 22—23, 

Thomas Teasdale, Jr. 

20, Jacob Hornbeck. 



20, Abraham Shaver. 

20, Peter Kline. 
20, 23, Joseph Coryell. 

21 — 22, Lefifert Haughawouv. 
21—22, 32—34, 

Benjamin Hamilton. 

21, Jacob Ayres. 
21—22, 24, James Egbert. 

23, Abraham Newman. 
23, 25—27, Joseph Chandler. 

24, Daniel Swayze. 
24, Evi A. Sayer. 

24, Joseph Edsall. 

25, Nathan A. Shafer. 
26 — 27, Hiram Munson. 
28—31, Peter Merkel. 

28 — 29, James Evans. 
30—31, Simeon McCoy. 
30—31, John Hull. 
32—34, Joseph Greer. 
32—33, Peter Young. 
34 — 35, Joshua Shay. 
35 — 36, John Strader. 
35 — 36, Joseph Linn. 

36, Benjamin Hull. 
37_38, William J. Willson. 
37 — 38, Isaac Shiner. 
37—38, John Hull. 
39 — 40, Samuel Truex. 
39^0, William H. Nyce. 
39 — 40, Joseph Greer. 
41 — 42, Isaac Bonnell. 
41-^2, David Hyuard. 
41 — 42, Nathan Smith. 
43 — 44, Jesse Bell. 
43 — 44, Absalom Dunning. 
43—44, Timothy H. Cok. 



AVarren County. 



1825, 


James Egbert. 


34, 


25, 


Daniel Swayze. 


34—37, 


26, 


Archibald Robertson. 


34, 


2&— 27, 


Jacob Armstrong. 


35—36, 


27—28, 


Jonathan Robbins. 


37—38, 


28—29, 


Daniel Vleit. 


37—38, 


29, 


Jacob Summers. 


38—39, 


30, 


Samuel Wilson. 


39—41, 


30—32, 


35—36, 


39—41, 




Caleb H. Valentine. 


40—42, 


30—31, 


Richard Shackelton. 


42^4, 


31, 33, 


Charles Sitgreaves. 


42 — 44, 


32—33, 


John Blair. 


43—44, 


32—33, 


Isaac Shipman. 





Jacob Brotzman. 
George Flummerfelt. 
Henry Hankinson. 
John Young. 
William Larrison. 
Henry Van Nest. 
Samuel Shoemaker. 
George W. Smyth. 
John Moore. 
Jacob H. Winter. 
Stephen Warne. 
Abraham Wildrick. 
Robert C. Caskey. 



218 



STATE SENATORS. 



STATE SENATORS. 

BY COUNTIES, FROM 1845 TO 1913. 



45—47, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—68, 
69—71, 

45^7, 
48—49, 
50—51, 
52—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 



69—71, 

72—74, 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—58, 
59—61, 
62, 
63—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—79, 

45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—72, 

45 — 46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76. 



Atlantic 

Joel Adams. 
Lewis M. Walker. 
Joseph E. Potts. 
David B. Somers. 
Enoch Cordery. 
Thomas E. Morris. 
Samuel Stille. 
David S. Blackman. 
Jesse Adams. 

Bergen 

Kichard R. Paulison. 
Isaac I. Harding. 
John Van Brunt. 
Abraham Hopper. 
Daniel D. Depew. " 
Thomas H. Herring. 
Ralph S. Demarest. 
Daniel Holsman. 
John Y. Dater. 
James J. Brinkerhoff. 
Cornelius Lydecker. 

Burlington County. 

James S. Hulme. 80—82, Wm. Budd Deacon. 



County. 

72 — 74, William Moore. 
75 — 77, Hosea F. Madden. 
78 — 92, John J. Gardner. 
93 — 98, Samuel D. Hoffman. 
99 — 1901, Lewis Evans. 
02^07, Edward S. Lee. 
08—11, Edward A. Wilson. 
11—17, Walter E. Edge. 

County. 

75 — 77, George Dayton. 

78 — 80, Cornelius S. Cooper. 

81 — 83, Isaac Wortendyke. 

84—85, Ezra Miller. 

86 — 89, John W. Bogert. 

90 — 95, Henry D. Winton. 

96 — 1900, William M. Johnson. 

01—11, Edmund W. Wakelee. 

11 — 14, Jas. A. C. Johnson. 

14 — 17, Charles O'C. Hennessy. 



Thomas H. Richards. 
Joseph Satterthwaite. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Joseph W. Pharo. 
William Garwood. 
Geo. M. Wright. 
Job H. Gaskell. 
Henry J. Irick. 
Barton P. Thorn. 
Caleb G. Ridgway. 

Camden County. 



83—85, Hezekiah B. Smith. 
86—91, William H. Carter. 
92—94, Mitchell B. Perkins. 
95—97, William C. Parry. 
98 — 1900, Howard E. Packer. 
01 — 03, Nathan Haines. 
04 — 06, John G. Horner. 
07 — 09, Samuel K. Bobbins. 
10—13, Griffith W. Lewis. 
13—16, Blanchard H. White. 



Richard W. Howell. 
Joseph C. Stafford. 
John Gill. 

Thomas W. Mulford. 
John K. Roberts. 
William P. Tatem. 
James M. Scovel. 
Edward Bettle. 

Cape May County. 



73—81, William J. Sewell. 
82—84, Albert Merritt. 
85—87, Richard N. Herring. 
88 — 90, George Pfeiffer, Jr. 
91 — 96, Maurice A. Rogers. 
97 — 1902, Herbert W. Johnson. 
03—12, William J. Bradley. 
12—15, William T. Read. 



Reuben Willets. 
James L. Smith. 
Enoch Edmunds. 
Joshua Swain, Jr. 
Jesse H. Diverty. 
Downs Edmunds. 
Jonathan F. Learning. 
Wilmon W. Ware. 
Leaming M. Rice- 
Thomas Beesley. 
Richard S. Leaming. 



77 — 79, Jonathan F. Leaming. 
80—85, Waters B. Miller. 
86 — 88, Joseph H. Hanes. 
89—91, Walter S. Leaming. 
92—04, Lemuel E. Miller. 
95 — 97, Edmund L. Ross. 
98—1903, Robert E. Hand. 
04 — 06, Lewis M. Cresse. 
07—13, Robert E. Hand. 
13 — 16, Harry C. Wheaton. 



STATE SENATORS. 



219 



Gamberland Connty. 



45—46, 


. Enoch H. More. 


75—77, J. Howard Willets. 


47—50, 


Stephen A. Garrison. 


78—80, George S. Whiticar. 


51—53, 


, Reuben Fithian. 


81—86, Isaac T. Nichols. 


54—56, 


Levpls Howell. 


87—89, Philip P. Baker. 


57—59, 


John L. Sharp. 


90—92, Seaman R. Fowler. 


60—02, 


Nat. Stratton. 


93—1901, Edward C. Stokes. 


63—68, 


Providence Ludlam. 


02—11, Bloomfleld H. Minch. 


69—71, 


James H. Nixon. 


11—14, Isaac T. Nichols. 


72—74, 


C. Henry Shepherd. 


14^-17, John A. Ackley. 




Essex 


County. 


45, 


Joseph S. Dodd. 


79—81, William H. Francis. 


46—48, 


Stephen R. Grover. 


82—84, William Stainsby. 


49—51, 


Asa Whitehead. 


85—87, Frederick S. Fish. 


52—54, 


Stephen Congar. 


88—90, A. F. R. Martin. 


55—57, 


George R. Chetwood. 


91—93, Michael T. Barrett. 


58—60, 


Charles L. C. Gififord. 


94—99. George W. Ketcham. 


61—63, 


James M. Quinby. 


1900—02, Thos. N. McCarter, Jr. 


64—66, 


John 6. Trusdell. 


03—05, J. Henry Bacheller. 


67—69, 


James L. Hays. 


06—09, Everett Colby. 


70—75, 


John W. Taylor. 


09—12, Harry V. Osborne. 


76—78, 


William H. Kirk. 


12—15, Austen Colgate. 




Gloucester County. 


45-48, 


John C. Smallwood. 


79—81, John F. Bodine. 


49—51, 


Charles Reeves. 


82 — 83, Thomas M. Ferrell. 


52—54, 


John Burk. 


84—87, Stacy.L. Pancoast. 


55—57, 


Joseph Franklin. 


88—90, Joseph B. Roe. 


58—60, 


Jeptha Abbott. 


91—93, George H. Barker. 


61—63, 


John Pierson. 


94—96, Daniel J. Packer. 


64—66, 


Joseph L. Reeves. 


97—1902, Solomon H. Stanger. 


67—69, 


Woodward Warrick. 


03—05, Thomas M. Ferrell. 


70—75, 


Samuel Hopkins. 


06—09, John Boyd Avis. 


76-78, 


Thomas P. Mathers. 


09—15, George W. F. Gaunt. 




Hudson County. 


45-47, 


Richard Cutwater. 


78—80, Rudolph F. Rabe. 


48—49, 


Johi} Tonnele. 


81—83, Elijah T. Paxon. 


50, 


John Cassedy. 


84—86, William Brinkerhoff. 


51—53, 


Abraham 0. Zabrlskle. 


87—89, William D. Edwards. 


54—56, 


Moses B. Bramhall. 


90—91, 'Edward F. McDonald. 


57—59, 


C. V. Cllckener. 


92, Robert S. Hudspeth. 


60—61, 


Samuel Westcott. 


92—98. William D. Daly. 


62—65, 


Theo. F. Randolph. 


99—1900, Allan L. McDermott. 


66—68, 


Charles H. Winfleld. 


01—04, Robert S. Hudsepth. 


69—71, 


Noah D. Taylor. 


05t-07, James F. Minturn. 


72—74, 


John R. McPherson. 


08—13, **James F. Fielder. 


75—77, 


Leon Abbett. 


14—17, Charles M. Egan. 



♦Mr. McDonald was unseated the last week of the session of 
1890, and William S. Stuhr was given his seat. The first week of 
the session of 1891 Mr. Stuhr was unseated and Mr. McDonald 
resumed his seat. 

**Became Acting Governor March 1st, '13; resigned October 
28th. 



220 



STATE SENATORS. 



Hunterdon County. 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—79, 



Alexander Wurts. 
Isaac G. Farlee. 
John Manners. 
Alexander V. Bonnell. 
John C. Rafferty. 
Edmund Perry. 
John Blane. 
Alexander "Wurts. 
Joseph G. Bowne. 
David H. Banghart. 
Fred A. Potts. 
James N. Pidcock. 



80 — 82, Ell Bosenbury. 
83 — 85, John Carpenter, Jr. 
86 — 88, George H. Large. 
89 — 91, Mobes K. Everitt. 
92—94, William H. Martin. 
95—97, Richard S. Kuhl. 
98—1900, John R. Foster. 
01—03, William C. Gebhardt. 
04—06, George F. Martens, Jr. 
07—13, William C. Gebhardt. 
13 — 16, George F. Martens, Jr. 



45—50, 
51—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65. 



69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77. 



45 — 46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
50—58, 
59—61, 
62—70, 
71—76, 
77—79, 
80—82. 



Mercer 

Charles S. Olden. 
William C. Alexander. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Jonathan Cook. 
Edward W. Scudder. 
Aug. G. Richey. 
John Woolverton. 
Charles Hewitt. 
Jonathan H. Blackwell. 



County. 

78—80, Crowell Marsh. 

81—83, John Taylor. 

84—86, George O. Vanderbilt. 

87—92, John D. Rue. 

93—98, William H. Skirm. 

99—1904, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

05—07, Barton B. Hutchinson. 

08—14, Harry D. Leavltt. 

14 — 17, Barton B. Hutchinson. 



Middlesex County. 



David Crowell. 
Adam Lee. 
Edward Y. Rogers. 
Ralph C. Stults. 
Henry V. Speer. 
Abra. Everitt. 
Amos Robbins. 
Levi D. Jarrard. 
George C. Ludlow. 
Isaac L. Martin. 



83—85, Abraham V. Schenck. 
86—88, Daniel C. Chase. 
89 — 94, Robert Adraln. 
95—97, Charles B. Herbert. 
98—1900, James H. Van Cleef . 
01—03, Theodore Strong. 
04—06, Wm. H. C. Jackson. 
07—13, George S. Silzer. 
13 — 16, William E. Ramsay. 



Monmouth County. 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—71, 

72, 
73—78, 



45—47, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—70, 
71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 



Thomas E. Combs. 
George F. Fort. 
John A. Morford. 
William D. Davis. 
Robert S. Laird. 
Wm. H. Hendrickson. 
Anthony Reckless. 
Henry S. Little. 
Wm. H. Conover, Jr. 
Wm. H. Hendrickson. 



79 — 81, George C. Beekman. 

82—84, John S. Applegate. 

85 — 87, Thomas G. Chattle. 

88 — 90, Henry M. Nevius. 

91—92, Thomas S. R. Brown. 

93, Henry S. Terhune. 

94—96, James A. Bradley. 
97 — 1902, Charles Asa Francis 

03 — 12, Oliver H. Brown. 

12 — 15, John W. Slocum. 



Morris County. 



John B. Johnes. 
Ephraim Marsh. 
John A. Bleecker. 
Alexander Robertson. 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
Daniel Budd. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
George T, Cobb. 
Columbus Beach. 
Augustus W. Cutler. 
John Hill. 



78 — 80, Augustus C. Canfleld. 
81 — 86, James C. Youngblood. 
87 — 92, George T. Werts. 
93 — 95, Ellas C. Drake. 
96—98, John B. Vreeland. 
99—1901, Mahlon Pitney. 
02 — 04, Jacob W. Welsh. 
05 — 09, Thomas J. Hillery. 

10, Edward K. Mills. 
11—14, Richard Fitzherbert. 
14—17, Charles A. Rathbun. 



STATE SENATORS. 



221 



51—53, 
54—56, 
57—62, 
63—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 
78—80, 
81—83. 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53 — 55, 
56—58, 
59—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—82. 



Samuel Birdsall. 
Jas. Ck)wperthwaite. 
William F. Brown. 
George D. Horner. 
John Torrey, Jr. 
John G. W. Havens. 
John S. Schultze. 
Ephraim P. Emson. 
Abram C. B. Havens. 

Passaic 

Cornelius G. Garrison. 
Martin J. Ryerson. 
Silas D. Canfield. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Jetur R. Riggs. 
Benjamin Buckley. 
John Hopper. 
Henry A. Williams. 
John Hopper. 
Garret A. Hobart. 



Ocean County. 

84 — 92, George T. Cranmer. 
93—95, George G. Smith. 
96—98, Robert B. Engle. 
99—1901, George G. Smith. 
02—07, George L. Shinn. 
08—09, William J. Harrison. 

10, Thomas A. Mathis. 
11 — 14, George C. Low. 
14—17. Thomas A. Mathis. 



County. 

83—88, John W. Griggs. 
89—91, John Mallon, 
92—94, John Hinchliflfe. 
95 — 97, Robert Williams. 
98—1900, Christian Braun. 
01—06, Wood McKee. 
07—10, John HinchlifEe. 
10—13. John D. Prince. 
13—16. Peter J. McGinnis. 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78. 



William J. Shinn. 
Benjamin Acton. Jr 
John Summerill, Jr. 
Allen Wallace. 
Charles P. Smith. 
Joseph K. Riley. 
Emmor Reeve. 
Richard M. Acton. 
Samuel Plummer. 
John C. Belden. 
Isaac Newkirk. 
Charles S. Plummer 



Salem County. 

79 — 81, Quinton Keasbey. 



82—84, George Hires. 
85—87, Wyatt W. Miller. 
88—90, William Newell. 
91 — 93, James Butcher. 
94—96, John C. Ward. 
97—1902, Richard C. Miller. 
03 — 05, James Strlmple. 
06—12, William Plummer, Jr, 
12 — 13, J. Warren Davis. 
14—15, Isaac S. Smick. 



Somerset County. 



45, 
46-^8, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
5.5—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 



George H. Brown. 
William H. Leupp. 
John W. Craig. 
Moses Craig. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
James Campbell. 
Rynier H. Veghte. 
Joshua Doughty. 
John H, Anderson. 
Calvin Corle. 
Elisha B. Wood. 



76—78, 

79—81, 

82—84, 

85—90, 

91—93, 

94—96, 

97—190: 

03—05, 

06—12, 

12—15. 



Charles B. Moore. 
John G. Schenck. 
Eugene S. Doughty. 
Lewis A. Thompson. 
William J. Keys. 
Lewis A. Thompson. 
2, Charles A. Reed. 
Samuel S. Childs. 
Jos. S. Frelinghuysen. 
William W. Smalley. 



Sussex 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 



6&— 73, 
74—76. 



Benjamin Hamilton. 
Nathan Smith. 
Joseph Greer. 
Isaac Bonnell. 
Zachariah H. Price. 
Edward C. Moore. 
Peter Smith. 
Josepfi S. Martin. 
Richard E. Edsall. 
Samuel T. Smith. 



County. 

77—79, Francis M. Ward. 
80—82, Thomas Lawrence. 
83—85, Lewis Cochran. 
86—88, John A. McBride. 
89—91, Peter D. Smith. 
92—94, John McMickle. 
95—97, Jacob Gould. 
98—1903, Lewis J. Martin. 
04—13, Jacob Cole Price. 
13 — 16, Samuel T. Munson. 



222 



STATE SENATORS. 



Union 



58—60, 
61— G3, 
64—65, 
66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 



John R. Ayres. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 
James Jenkins. 
Philip n. Grier. 
Amos Clark, Jr. 
James T. Wiley. 
J. Henry Stone. 
William J. Magie. 



County. 

79—84, 
85—87, 
88—90, 
91—93, 
94—98, 
99—05, 
06—12, 
12—15, 

Warren County. 



Benjamin A. Vail. 
Robert L. Livingston. 
James L. Miller. 
Frederick C. Marsh. 
*Foster M. Voorhees. 
Joseph Cross. 
Ernest R. Ackerman. 
Carlton B. Pierce. 



Charles J. Ihrie. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
George W. Taylor. 
Charles Sitgreaves. 
William Rea. 
Philip Howry. 
James K. Swayze. 
Henry R. Kennedy. 
Abraham Wildrick. 
Edward H. Bird. 
Joseph B. Cornish. 
William Silverthorn. 



79 — 81, Peter Cramer. 
82—84, George H. Beatty. 
85 — 87, James E. Moon. 
88—90, Martin Wyckoff. 
91 — 93, Johnston Cornish. 
94_96, Christopher F. Staates. 
97 — 99, Isaac Barber. 
1900—1902, Johnston Cornish. 
03 — 05, Isaac Barber. 
00 — 12, Johnston Cornish. 
12 — 15, Thomas Barber. 



♦Became Acting Governor February 1st, 
18th. 



'98; resigned October 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



223 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 

BY COUNTIES, FROM 1845 TO 1913. 







Atlantic County. 


45, 


46, 


Joseph Ingersoll, 




81, 


George Elvlns. 


47- 


-i9. 


Mark Lake. 




82, 


Joseph H. Shinn. 


50, 


51, 


Robert B. Eisley. 




83, 


John L. Bryant. 




52, 


John H. Boyle. 


84, 


85, 


Edward North. 




53, 


Thomas D. Winner. 


86, 


87, 


James S. Beckwith. 




54, 


Daniel Townsend. 




88, 


James B. Nixon. 




55, 


Nicholas F. Smith. 


89, 


90, 


Shepherd S. Hudson. 


56, 


57, 


David Fra-nbes. 




91, 


Smith E. Johnson. 




58, 


John B. Madden. 




92, 


Samuel D. Hoffman. 




59, 


Thomas E, Morris. 




93, 


Charles A. Baake. 


60—62, 


Charles E. P. Mayhew. 




94, 


Frederick Schuchardt. 




63, 


John Godfrey. 




95, 


Wesley C. Smith. 




64, 


Simon Hanthorn. 


96, 


97, 


Marcellus L. Jackson. 




65, 


Simon Lake. 


98. 


99, 


Leonard H. Ashley. 


66, 


67, 


P. M. Wolfseiffer. 


1900, 01, Charles T. Abbott. 


68, 


69, 


Jacob Keim. 


02—07, 


Thomas C. Elvins. 


70, 


71, 


Benj. H. Overheiser. 


08, 


09, 


Martin E. Keffer. 


72, 


73, 


Samuel H. Cavileer. 




10, 


Walter E. Edge. 


74, 


75, 


Lemuel Conover. 




11, 


Isaac Bacharach. 


76, 


77, 


Leonard H. Ashley. 


12, 


14, 


Carlton Godfrey. 




78, 


Israel Smith, 


12, 


13, 


14, Emerson L. Richards. 


79, 


80, 


James Jeffries. 




13, 


Joseph W. Salus. 






Bergen County. 




45, 


William G. Hopper. 


72, 


73, 


George J. Hopper. 




45, 


Jacob C. Terhune. 




73, 


John J. Anderson. 


46, 


47, 


John G. Banta. 


74, 


75, 


Henry C. Herring. 


46, 


47, 


Jacob J. Brinkerhoff. 


74, 


75, 


John W. Bogert. 


48, 


49, 


John Ackerman, Jr. 


76, 


77, 


John H. Winant. 


48, 


49, 


Henry H. Voorhis, Jr. 


76, 


77, 


Barney N. Ferdon. 


50, 


51, 


John H. Hopper. 




78, 


M. Corsen Gillham. 


50- 


-52, 


John Huyler. 


78, 


79, 


Southey S. Parramore. 




52, 


John Zabriskie. 


79, 


80, 


John A. Demarest. 


53, 


54, 


Jacob I. Demarest. 




80, 


Oliver D. Smith. 


53, 


54, 


Abraham Van Horn. 


81, 


82, 


Elias H. Sisson. 


55, 


56, 


Ralph S. Demarest. 


81- 


-83, 


86, John Van Bussum. 


55, 


56, 


Thomas W. Demarest. 


81, 


84, 


Peter R. Wortendyke. 


57, 


58, 


Daniel Holsman. 




84. 


♦Jacob W. Doremus. 


57, 


58, 


Aaron H. Westervelt. 




85, 


Peter Ackerman. 




59, 


Andrew C. Cadmus. 


85, 


86, 


Eben Winton. 


59, 


60, 


Enoch Brinkerhoff. 


87, 


88. 


Anderson Bloomer. 




60, 


John A. Hopper. 




87. 


Peter Ackerman. 


61, 


62, 


Abram Carlock. 


88. 


89, 


Charles F. Harrington. 


61, 


62, 


John R. Post. 


89, 


90, 


Abram De Ronde. 


63, 


64, 


Thomas D. English. 


90, 


91, 


George Zimmermann. 


63, 


64, 


John Y. Dater. 




91, 


John H. Huyler. 


65, 


66, 


Isaac Demarest. 


92, 


93, 


Samuel G. H. Wright. 


65, 


66, 


Abraham J. Haring. 


92, 


93, 


John J. Dupuy. 




67, 


A. Van Emburg. 




94, 


Walter Dewsnap. 


67, 


68, 


Cornelius Christie. 


94, 


95, 


David D. Zabriskie. 


68, 


69, 


Henry G. Herring. 


95, 


96, 


Fred'k L. Voorhees. 


69, 


70, 


Eben Winton. 


96, 


97, 


Jacob H. Ullman. 


70, 


71, 


Henry A. Hopper. 


97, 


98, 


Abram C. Holdrum. 


71, 


72, 


Jacob G. Van Riper. 


98, 


99, 


John M. Bell. 



♦John W. Doremus was first elected, but died before Legis- 
lature convened. 



224 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



99, 1900, Edmund W. Wakelee. 
1900, Vacancy caused by death of 

John L. C. Grares. 
01, 02, Joseph H. Tillotson. 
01, 02, James W. Mercer. 
03, 04, M. S. Ayers. 
0.3, 04, George Cook. 
05, 06, Clarence Mabie. 
05, 06, John Heck. 
07, 08, Guy L. Fake. 
07, 08, James Devine, Jr. 



13, 



10, Joseph H. Scharff. 

10, Harry P. Ward. 

11, G. R. Alyea. 

11, Wm. H. Hlnners. 

12, William E. Ogden. 

12, Frank M. Stevens. 

13, C. O'C. Hennessy. 

13, John W. Zisgen. 

14, Arthur M. Agnew. 
14, Edgar A. De Yoe. 
14, John J. Johnson. 



Burlington County. 



45, 

45, 

45, 47, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

47, 

47, 48, 

47—49, 

47^9, 

48—50, 

49—51, 

49—51, 

50, 51, 

50—52, 

51—53, 

52, 

52—5'!, 

52—54, 

53, 54, 

53, 54, 

54, 

54—56, 

55, 

55, 

55, 57, 

55, 56, 
56, 
56, 

56, 57, 

57, 58, 
58, 

57—59, 
57—59, 

58, 59, 

59, 60, 
59—61, 

60, 61, 
61, 

60—62, 
60—62, 
62, 63, 
62, 63, 
62—64, 
63—65, 
64, 



Joseph Satt^rthwait. 
Isaiah Adams. 
48, John W. C. Evans. 
Edward Taylor. 
William Biddle. 
Clayton Lippincott. 
William Malsbury. 
Garrit S. Cannon. 
Stephen Willets. 
Wm. G. Lippincott. 
William Biddle. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
John S. Iriok. 
Benjamin Kemble. 
Edward French. 
Samuel Stockton. 
William R. Braddock. 
William S. Embley. 
William Brown. 
Alleu Jones. 
Benajah Antrim. 
John "\v. Fennimore. 
Charles Haines. 
Mahlon Hutchinson. 
Jacob L. Githens. 
Job H. Gaskill. 
William Parry. 
Josephus Sooy, Jr. 
Benjamin Gibljs. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Elisha Gaunt. 
Richard Jones. 
William M. Collom. 
Jervis H. Bartlett. 
Samuel Keys. 
Samuel C. Middleton. 
Charles Mickle. 
Ezra Evans. 
Charles S. Kemble. 
John Larzalere. 
Samuel A. Dobbins. 
George B. Wills. 
Joseph L. Lamb. 
Robert B. Stokes. 
William Sooy. 
John M. Higbee. 
Israel W. Heulings. 
Wm. P. McMichaeL 
Henry J. Irick. 
Jarett Stokes. 



65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 


66, 


67, 


66, 


67, 


67- 


-69, 




68, 




68. 


68—71, 




69, 


69- 


-71, 




70, 


70, 


Tl, 


71- 


-73, 




72, 


72- 


-74, 


72- 


-74, 


73, 


74, 




74, 




75, 




75, 




75, 


75- 


-77, 




76, 


7(>-78, 


76—78, 


77- 


-79, 


78, 


79, 




79, 


79, 


80, 


80—82, 


80- 


-82, 


80, 


81, 




81, 




82, 




83, 


83, 


84, 


83- 


-86, 


84- 


-86, 


85, 


86, 


87, 


88, 


87, 


88, 


88, 


89, 




89, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


91, 


92, 


92, 


93, 




93, 




94. 



Samuel Stockton. 
Cbailes G. Lathrop. 
George W. Thompson. 
Samuel Coate. 
Andrew H. Fort. 
Wallace Lippincott. 
Chas. E. Hendrickson. 
Charles Collins. 
John J. Maxwell. 
Theophilus I. Price. 
Thomas C. Alcott. 
Levi French. 
Abraham Perkins. 
Edward T. Thompson. 
Robert Aaronson. 
E. Budd Marter. 
George B. Borton. 
Townsend Cox. 
Joseph P. Adams. 
Levi French. 
Charles J. Gordon. 
Henry Moffett. 
Samuel Taylor. 
Daniel L. Piatt. 
John Cavileer. 
Edward F. Mathews. 
George Sykes. 
Wm. Budd Deacon. 
Wm. R. Lippincott. 
John W. Haines. 
William H. Carter. 
Henry C. Herr. 
Abraham Marter. 
John Cavileer. 
Thomas M. Locke. 
Horace Cronk. 
87, Stacy H, Scott. 
Theodore Budd. 
Thomas J. Alcott. 
Allen H. Gangewer. 
90, R. C. Hutchinson. 
89, William H. Doron. 
Albert Hansell. 
George C. Davis. 
Mitchell B. Perkins. 
Lewis L. Sharp. 
A. Harry White. 
Howard E. Packer. 
Micajah E. Matlack. 
Augustus C. Stecher. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



225 



94, 95, Micajah E. Matlack. 

95, 96, 97, George Wildes. 

96, 97, Joshua E. Borton. 
98, 1900, Joel Horner. 
98—02, Charles Wright. 
01 — 03, John G. Horner. 
03 — 05, Benj. D. Shedaker 



04—06, Samuel K. Bobbins. 

06 — 09, John B. Irick. 

07, 09, Griffith W. Lewis. 

10, 11, Warren C. Pine. 

10, 11, 12, Blanchard H. White. 

13, 14, Eobert Peacock. 



Camden County. 



61, 



45, 
45, 
46, 
46, 
47, 
47, 
48, 
48, 
49, 
49, 
51, 
51, 
52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
55, 
55, 

-56, 
56, 
57, 
57, 
57, 

-.'59, 
58, 
59, 
59, 



Joseph Kay, Jr. 
John Eedfield. 
Joel G. Clark. 
Gerrard Wood. 
Edward Turner. 
Joseph B. Tatem. 
John C. Shreeve. 
John E. Marshall. 
Jacob Troth. 
Joseph Wolohon. 
Charles D Hineline. 
Thomas W. Hurff. 
J. Ka> . 
Jonathan Day. 
J. O. Johnson. 
Samuel Lytle. 
John K. Roberts. 
Samuel S. Cake. 
James L. Hines. 
■Reilcy Barret. 
Evan C. Smith. 
John P. Harker. 
T. B. Atkinson. 
Joseph M. Atkinson. 
♦Samuel Scull. 
Edmund Hoffman. 
Samuel M. Thorne. 
Zebedee Nicholson. 
Joseph Stafford, Jr. 
George Brewer. 
John R. Graham 
James L. Hines. 
Joel P. Kirkbride. 
Daniel A. Hall. 
Edwin J. Osier. 
James M. Scovel. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Samuel Tatem. 
Paul C. Brinck. 
John F. Bodine. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
George W. N. Custis. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Edward Z. Collings. 
John Hood. 
James Wills. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 
William C. Shinn. 
Samuel Warthman. 



71. Charles Wilson. 

71, Isaac W. Nicholson. 
71, 72, Stevenson Leslie. 

72, Fred. Bourquin. 
72 — 74, George B. Carse. 

73, Isaac Foreman. 
73, 74, William H. Cole. 

74, Chalkley Albertson. 

75, Henry B. Wilson. 

75, 76, 79, 80, R. N. Herring. 
75 — 77, Alden C. Scovel. 

76, 77, Oliver Lund. 

77, Samuel T. Murphy. 

78, Isaiah Woolston. 
78, Andrew J. Rider. 

78, 79, Alonzo D. Nichols. 

79, 80, Edward Burrough. 

80, 81, Henry L. Bonsall. 

81, 82, Chris. J. Mines, Jr. 
81, 82, John H. McMurray. 

82, Robert F. S. Heath. 

83, George W. Borton. 

83, John Bamford. 

83, 84, 93, Clayton Stafford. 

84, John W. Branning. 

84 — 87, Edward A. Armstrong. 

85, Benjamin M. Braker. 
85, 86, Henry M. Jewett. 

86, George Pfeiffer. 

87, Philip Young.. 
87, Henry Turley. 

88, 89, Adam Clark Smith. 
88, 89, 90, John Harris. 
88, 89, George H. Higgins. 

Franklin C. Woolman. 

92, Abram W. Nash. 





90, 


90, 


91, 


91, 


92, 


91, 


92, 




93, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 




94, 




95, 


95, 


96, 


96, 


97, 


96, 


97, 


98, 


99, 


98, 


99, 



92, Joseph M. Engard. 



also 73, 74, Wm. H 

George W. Henry. 

9.5. Clayton Stafford, 

William J. Thompson. 

William Watson. 

George W. Barnard. 

97, Louis T. Derousse. 

Frank T. Lloyd. 

Henry S. Scovel. 

John H. McMurray. 

Edgar J. Coles. 
98—1902. William J. Bradley. 

1900, F. F. Patterson, Jr. 
00, 01, 02, Ephraim T. Gill. 



Cole. 



*In 1857 Mr. Scull was unseated by T. B. Atkinson. 
15 



226 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



01, 02, George A. Waite. 

03, 04, John S. Roberts. 

03—06, Henry S. Scovel. 

03—09, Tbeoflore B. Gibbs. 

05 — 07, Samuel P. Jones. 

07, 08, Frank B. Jess. 

08, 09, Joseph Potter. 

09, 10, Harry R. Tatem. 

Cape 

45, John Stites. 

46, Samuel Towusend. 

47, Richard S. Ludlam. 
48, 49, Nathaniel Holmes, Jr. 
56 — 58, Downs Edmunds, Jr. 
59, 60, Abram Reeves. 

61, Jonathan F. Learning. 
62 — 64, Wilmon W. "Ware. 
65—67, 69, 70, Thos. Beesley. 

68, Samuel R. Magonagle. 
71 — 73, Richard S. Learning 

74, Alexander Young. 

75, Richard D. Edmunds. 
76—78, William T. Stevens. 

79, Daniel Schellinger. 

80, 83 — 85, Jesse D. Ludlam. 

81, 82, Furman L. Richardson 
50, 51, Mackey Williams. 



10, 11, 12, Albert De Unger. 

10, 11, 12, George W. Whyte. 

11, 12, 13, Isaac W. Coles. 
13, 14, John B. Kates. 

13, James R. Carrow. 

14, Garfield Pancoast. 
14, Henry S. Scovel. 



May County. 

52, Joshua Swaim. 

53, Waters B. Miller. 
54, 55, Jesse H. Diverty. 
86, 87, Alvin P. Hildreth. 

88, Walter S. Learning. 
89, 90, 91, Eugene C. Cole. 
92, 93, 94, Edmund L. Ross. 
'95, 96, Furman L. Ludlam. 

97, Robert E. Hand. 

98, Eugene C. Cole. 

99, 1900, Ellis H. Marshall. 
01 — 03, Levris M. Cresse. 
04—06, 12, Jae. M. E. Hildreth. 
07, 08, 09, Corsville E. Stille. 
10, 11, Christopher S. Hand. 

13, William Porter. 

14, Lewis T. Stevens. 



Cumberland County. 





45, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 




46, 




47, 




47, 


47, 


48, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 


55, 


56, 


55, 


56, 




57. 




57, 




58, 


58, 


59, 




59, 




60, 




60, 


61, 


62, 


61, 


62, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 


65—67, 



Josiah Sha'V. 
George Heisler. 
Lewis Howell. 
Steplien A. Garrison. 
Leonard Lawrence. 
Jeremiah Parvin. 
Uriah D. Woodruff. 
Reuben Fithian. 
Richard Lore. 
Benj. Ayres. 
Joel Moore. 
Samuel Mayhew. 
David Campbell. 
Enos S. Gandy. 
Lewis Woodruff. 
Daniel Harris. 
Morton :Mills. 
James M. Wells. 
John F. Keen. 
Uriah Mayhew. 
Elias Doughty. 
Elwell Nichols. 
Robert I^Ioore. 
Aaron S. Westcott. 
Ebenezer Hall. 
John Carter. 
William Bacon. 
J. Edmund Sheppard. 
B. Rush Bateman. 
Edward W. Maylin. 
Robert Moore. 
James H. Nixon. 





69, 


69- 


-71, 


70, 


71, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 




74, 


74, 


75, 


75- 


-77, 




76, 


77, 


78, 




78, 


79, 


80, 


79, 


80, 




81, 


81, 


82, 




82, 




83, 


83. 


84, 


84, 


85, 


85, 


86, 


86, 


87, 




87, 




88, 




88, 




89, 


89, 


90, 


90, 


93, 




91, 


91, 


92, 


92, 


93. 


94—96, 



Thomas D. Westcott. 
C. Henry Shepherd. 
William A. House. 
Charles C. Grosscup. 
George S. Whitlcar. 
J. Howard Willets. 
George B. Langley. 
Lewis H. Dowdney. 
George W. Payne. 
Isaiah W. Richman. 
Isaac T. Nichols. 
James Loughron. 
Robert P. Ewing. 
Arthur T. Parsons. 
John H. Avis. 
Charles Ladow. 
Philip P. Baker. 
Isaac M. Smalley. 
John B. Campbell. 
Jeremiah H. Lupton. 
Wilson Banks. 
Franklin Lawrence. 
Thomas H. Hawkins. 
Mulford Ludlam. 
Isaac M. Smalley. 
Thomas W. Treuchard. 
Reuben Cheesman. 
94, John N. Glaspell. 
James L. Van Syckel. 
Edward C. Stokes. 
Wilber H. Baxter. 
Thomas F. Austin. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



227 



95 — 97, Bloomfleld H. Minch. 

97, 98, James J. Hunt. 

98, 99, Wilson H. Shropshire. 
99 — 1901. Jesse S. Steelroan. 
00, 01, 02, William J. Moore. 
02—06, Louis H. Miller. 

03 — 09, B. Frank Buck. 



Isaac Van Wagenen. 
John Runyon. 
William M. Scudder. 
Hugh F. Randolph. 
Jabez Pierson. 
Keen Pruden. 
Alvah Sherman. 
George W. McLane. 
Parker Teed. 
A. S. Hubbeel. 
Jabez G. Goble. 
Francis B. Chetwood. 
Abraham Van Riper. 
Elston Marsh. 
Hugh H. Bowne. 
Charles Harrison. 
Hugh H. Bowne. 
Lewis C. Grover. 
Joel W. Condit. 
Obadiah Meelcer. 
William F. Day. 
Stephen Personett. 
Wm. M. Whitehead. 
Isaac H. Pierson. 
Jonathan Valentine. 
David Wade. 
Cornelius Boice. 
Beach Vanderpool. 
John C. Beardsley. 
Thomas McKirgan. 
John M. Clark. 
William M. Sandford. 
Silas Merchant. 
John Munn. 
James S. Bell. 
John B. Clark. 
Stephen Day, Jr. 
Grant J. Wheeler. 
Edward T. Hillyer. 
Charles T. Day. 
Charles O. Bolles. 
Abiathar Harrison. 
Daniel Price. 
William Dennis. 
David S. Craig. 
Daniel H. Noe. 
James N. Joraleman. 
David Ripley. 
Hugh Holmes. 
Daniel D. Benjamin. 
Charles O. Bolles. 
Daniel F. Tompkins. 
Nehemiah Perry. 
James A. Pennington. 



07, 


08, 


09, 


10, 


10, 


12, 




11, 




11, 




13, 




14, 


Dou 

55, 


inty. 

56, 


55, 


56, 




56, 


55, 


56, 




56, 




56, 


56, 


57, 




57, 




57, 




57, 




57, 




57, 




57, 


57, 


58, 


57, 


58, 




58, 




58, 




58, 




58, 




58, 




59, 




59, 




59, 




59, 


59, 


60, 


59, 


60, 


59, 


60, 




60, 




60, 


60, 


61, 


60, 


61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 


61, 


62, 


61, 


62, 


61, 


62, 


62, 


63, 


02, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 




63, 




63, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 




64, 




64, 


64. 


65, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 




65, 



Frank B. Potter. 
Isaac T. Nichols. 
Albert R. McAllister. 
Walter E. Turner. 
E. H. Whiticar. 
John A. Ackley. 
Raymond Sheppard. 



Apollos M. Elmer. 
Joseph T. Hopping. 
Warren S. Baldwin. 
Samuel R. Winans. 
James E. Bathgate. 
George 11. Doremus. 
Wm. K. McDonald. 
John C. Denman. 
Moses P. Smith. 
John L. Blake, Jr. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Charles L. C. Gifford. 
Elihu Day. 
Charles C. Stewart. 
John C. Thornton. 
Simeon Harrison. 
James McCracken. 
Joseph Booth. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Thomas Kirkpatrick. 
Cashier De Witt, Jr. 
David Ayres. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
David A. Hayes. 
Adolphus W. Waldron. 
James F. Bond. 
Amzi Condit. 
James McCracken. 
J. W. Hale. 
Frederick H. Teese. 
James Wheeler. 
James E. Smith. 
James M. Lang. 
David Oakes. 
John Fliutoft. 
George A. Halsey. 
Walter Tompkins. 
Corra Drake. 
John D. Freeman. 
.Tohn P. Jackson. 
Thomas McGrath. 
Amzi Dodd. 
John C. Littell. 
Adolph Schalk. 
James Smith. 
Jeremiah DeCamp. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Rufus F. Harrison. 
Charles A. Lightpipe. 
Thomas B. Peddle. 
John C. Seiffert. 
Bernard Kearney. 
J. B. S. Robinson. 
John H. Landell. 



228 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



Charles H. Harrison. 
Marcus S. Richards. 
Philip W. Cross. 
Albert D. Traphagen. 
Francis K. Howell. 
S. V. C. Van Rensselaer. 
Elkanah Drake. 
James M. Patterson. 
Joseph H. Wightman. 
Gottfried Krueger. 
Charles Gomer. 
James Malone. 
Edward D. Pierson. 
Alexander Phillips. 
Charles Holzwarth. 
Edward W. Crane. 
George S. Duryee. 

82, Wm. H. F. Fiedler. 
Schuyler B. Jackson. 
Charles A. Felch. 
Peter J. Gray. 

83, 89, John Gill. 
Harrison Van Duyne. 
83, Thomas O'Connor. 
♦William H. Brown. 
Elias A. Wilkinson. 
Thos. W. Langstroth. 
William R. Williams. 
Joseph L. Munn. 
William Wright. 
**Chas. G. Bruenimer. 
Michael McMahan. 
John H. Parsons. 
David Young. 
Robert McGowan. 
Roderick Robertson. 
Ulysses B. Brewster. 
Edw'd R. Pennington. 
Adam Turkes. 
Edwin B. Smith. 
Lucius B. Hutchinson. 
James N. Arbuckle. 
John H. Murphy. 
William Hill. 
93, .John L. Armitage. 
93, William Harrigan. 
Rush Burgess. 
Frederick S. Fish. 
Herman Lehlbach. 
George B. Harrison. 
David A. Bell. 
Edward Q. Keasbey. 
William E. O'Connor. 
Charlese Holzwarth. 
Franklin Murphy. 
Henry M. Doremus. 
R. Wayne Parker. 
Augustus F. R. Martin. 
Henry A. Potter. 

♦In 1880, W. H. Brown was unseated by William R. Williams. 
♦*Mr. Bruemmer was elected for 1882, but died before Legis- 
lature convened. 





65 


James D. Cleaver. 




76, 


65, 


66 


David Anderson. 




76, 




66 


William Bodwell. 




76, 




66 


John F. Anderson. 


76, 


77, 




66 


David Ayres. 


76, 


77, 




66 


James L. Hays. 


76, 


77, 


66, 


67 


Albert P. Condit. 


76, 


77, 


66, 


67 


Isaac P. Trimble. 


76, 


80, 


66, 


67 


William H. Murphy. 




77, 


66, 


68 


Edward L. Price. 


77, 


78, 




67 


Israel D. Condit. 


77, 


78, 




67 


Daniel Ayres. 


77, 


78, 




67 


William R. Sayre. 


77, 


78, 




67 


M. H. C. Vail. 




78, 


67, 


68 


Samuel Atwater. 




78, 


67, 


68 


Edward Hedden. 


78, 


79, 




68 


Josiah L. Baldwin. 


78, 


79, 


68, 


69 


Josiah Speer. 


78, 


79, 


68, 


69 


James Peck. 


78, 


79, 


68, 


69 


John Kennedy. 




79, 


68, 


69 


Timothy W. Lord. 


79, 


80, 


68, 


69 


Francis Macken. 


79, 


80, 


69, 


70 


James L. Gurney. 


79- 


-81, 


69, 


70 


John Hunkele. 


79- 


-81, 


69, 


70 


William W. Hawkins. 




80, 


69, 


71 


James G. Irwin. 


80, 


81, 


70, 


71 


Joseph F. Sanxay. 


80, 


81, 


70, 


71 


Farrand Kitchell. 


80, 


81, 


70, 


71 


Henry W. Wilson. 




81, 




70 


Chauncey G. Williams. 




81, 




70 


William R. Sayre. 




81, 




70 


Matthew Murphy. 


81, 


82, 




71 


Albert P. Condit. 


82, 


83, 




71 


William A. Ripley. 


82, 


83, 


71, 


72 


Edmund L. Joy. 




82, 


71, 


72 


Theodore Horn. 




82, 


71, 


72 


Rochus Heinisch, Jr. 




82, 




72 


David Anderson. 




82, 




72 


Daniel Murphy. 




82. 




72 


Moses H. Williams. 




82, 


72 


73 


Samuel Wilde. 




83, 


72, 


73 


Joseph G. Hill. 




83, 


72, 


73 


Theodore Macknett. 




83. 




73 


L. M. Armstrong. 




83, 




73 


John W. Campbell. 


83, 


84. 


73, 


74 


Elias 0. Doremus. 


83—87, 


73, 


74 


Phineas Jones. 




84, 


73, 


74 


Aaron G. Baldwin. 




84, 


73- 


-75 


Samuel Morrow, Jr. 




84, 




74 


James T. Vanness. 


84, 


85, 




74 


Moses E. Halsey. 


84, 


85, 


74, 


75 


Thomas S. Henry. 


84, 


85, 


74, 


75, 


Julius C. Fitzgerald. 


84, 


85, 


74, 


75, 


William H. Kirk. 


84, 


85, 




75 


Andrew Teed. 




85, 




75 


Hugh Kinnard. 


85, 


86. 




75 


Patrick Doyle. 


85, 


86. 




75 


William Carrolton. 


85, 


86, 


75, 


76 


David Dodd. 




86, 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



229 



86, 87, 
86, 87, 

86, 87, 
87, 
87, 

87, 88, 
87, 88, 
87, 88, 
87—89, 



89, 


90, 


89, 


90, 


89, 


90, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90- 


-92, 


90, 


92, 




91, 


91, 


92, 


91, 


92, 


91, 


92, 




92, 




92, 




92, 




92, 


92, 


93, 




93, 




93, 




93, 




93, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 




94, 


94- 


-96, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 




95. 


95, 


96, 


95. 


96. 


95, 


96, 


95. 


96. 


95, 


96. 


95, 


96. 



Edwin Lister. 
Jacob Schreihofer. 
Charles F. Underbill. 
Elias M. Condit. 
93, John H. Peal. 
Michael T. Barrett. 
Elvin W. Crane. 
James Peck. 
Charles E. Hill. 
James Marlatt. 
Frank M. McDermitt. 
DeForrest P. Lozier. 
Augustus Dusenberxy. 
James A. Christie. 
Thomas McGowan. 
Adrian Kiker. 
Joseph Schmelz. 
John Gill. 
Moses Bigelow. 
Geo. W. Wiedenmayer. 
Richard A. Price. 
92, Leonard Kalisch. 
Reuben Trier. 
George Rabensteln. 
Thomas H. Pollock. 
Charles Trefa. 
John J. Bertram, 
Edward W. Jackson. 
Thomas Smith. 
Edward H. Snyder. 
Edward M. Taylor. 
John Nieder. 
John R. Hardin. 
George W. Ketcham. 
Thomas F. Cavanagh. 
James A. Dempsey. 
Benedict Ulrich. 
William L. Glorieux. 
Augustus C. Studer. 
John L. Armitage. 
William J. Kearns. 
John H. Peal. 
Timothy Barrett. 
William Harrigan. 
Joseph P. Clarke. 
Joseph M. Byrne. 
Thomas A. Murphey. 
Dennis F. Olvaney. 
J. Broadhead Woolsey. 
Thomas P. Edwards. 
Charles B. Duncan. 
John C. Eisele. 
Charles B. Storrs. 
George P. Olcott. 
Frederick W. Mock. 
Amos W. Harrison. 
Alfred F. Sklnnpr. 
James A. Christie. 
George L. Smith. 
DaTid E. Benedict. 
Charles A. Schober. 
Hay ward A. Harvey. 



96, 97, Thomas H. Jones. 
96, 97, Albert J. Simpson. 

96, 97, James J. Hogan. 

97, 98, Charles W. Powers. 
97, 98, George W. W. Porter. 
97, 98, Edwin F. Steddig. 

97, 98, AlTin C. Ebie. 

97, George B. Harrison. 
97, 98, Jacob Rau, Jr. 

97, 98, Peter B. Fairchild. 

97, 98, Carl V. Bauman. 

98, Joseph B. Johnson. 
98, Oliver B. Dawson. 

98, William C. Schmidt. 

98, 99, Albert T. Guenther. 

99, John L. Bullard. 

99, 1900, Jacob Clark. 

99, 1900, John W. Weseman. 
99, 1900. John Kreitlcr. 
99, 1900, Frederick J. Deleot. 
99, 1900, G. F. Brandenburgh. 
99, 1900. William Mungle. 
99, 1900, John N. Klein. 
99, 1900, John P. Dexheimer. 
99, 1900, Benjamin F. Jones. 
1900, George S. Campbell. 
00—02, J. Henry Bacheller. 
01, 02, Fred'k Cummlngs. 
01—03, Wm. B. Garrabrants. 
01 — 03. John Howe. 
01—03, Robert W. Brown. 
01—03, Ralph B. Schmidt. 
01—03, Edward E. Gnichtel. 
01—03, William G. Sharwell. 
01 — 03, Edgar Williams. 
01—03, Robert M. Boyd. Jr. 
01—03. William A. Lord. 
03—05, Frederick R. Lehlbach. 
03—05, Everett Colby. 
04, 05, William Pennington. 
Frederick Aianners. 
Abraham Kaiser. 
Herbert W. Taylor. 
John J. Gallngher. 
Samuel F. Wilson. 
Edward D. Birkholz. 
H. L. Johnstone. 
Edvrard D. Duffleld. 
09, William P. Martin. 
06. Gustav W. Roeber. 
06, George F. Serbe. 
08, 09, Henry Clay Hines. 
06, Philip C. Walsh, Jr. 
06, Chas. R. Underwood. 
06. Gustav A. Kayser. 
06. Russell M. Everett. 
08, 09. Austen Colgate. 
08. William F. Morgan. 

06, Gustav V. Sommer. 

07. Edward H. Wright, Jr. 
07. Simon Hahn. 
07, John J. Baader. 



04, 


05, 


04, 


05, 


04, 


05, 


04, 


05, 


04, 


05, 


04, 


05. 


04, 


05, 


04, 


05, 


06, 


08, 



06, 



230 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
09, 



08, 09, 

08, 09, 
08, 

09, 10, 
09, 10, 

09, 
10, 
10, 
10, 
10, 
10, 
10, 
10, 
10, 
10, 

11, 
11, 
11, 
11, 
11, 
11, 
11, 



Patrick H. Corish. 
Thomas J. Mead. 
John C. Groel. 
John Breunnig. 
John W. Lane. 
Edgar E. Lethbridge. 
Daniel J. Brady. 
Harry F. Backus. 
Henry Young, Jr. 
William Roberts. 
John F. Clark. 
James H. Lowrey. 
H. Stacy Smith, 
August J. Miller. 
Rudolph A. Braun. 
Thomas H. Brooks. 
Lewis G. Bowden. 
Eliot E. Ford. 
William Lee. 
Emil Wohlfarth, 
Thomas Goldingay. 
Thomas Gillen. 
Robert S. Terhune. 
J. William Huegel. 
Coleman B. Kissam. 
Duane E. Minard. 
Harold A. Miller. 
Harry F. Backus. 
John J. Bracken. 
James P. Mylod. 
Charles W. Brown. 
Mark F. Phillips. 
Michael Leveen. 
M. J. McGowan, Jr. 



11, Frank P. Shalvoy. 
11, Frank A. Boettner. 
11, Wm. P. Macksey. 

11, Edw. D. Balentine. 

12, William M. Beard. 
12, Henry F. Holloway. 
12, Charles G. Linneukohl. 
12, Mortimer Lowy. 

12, Robert E. Mitchell. 
12, Frank J. Murray. 
12, Fred Prout. 
12, Thomas J. Smith. 
12, William E. Stagg. 
12, Fred G. Stickel, Jr. 
12, Henry J. Thein. 

12, William G. Weigel. 
13, 14, Charles A. Nutting. 
13, 14, Bennett H. Fishier. 

13, John J. Bracken. 

13, 14, Laurence McCabe, Jr. 

13, John A. Matthews. 

13, William E. Maguire. 

13, Louis I>ewis. 
13, 14, Frank A. Foley. 
13, 14. Hubert J. Rowe. 

13, Simon L. Fisch. 

13, Joseph F. Papscoe. 
13, 14, Joseph B. Bloom. 

14, James R. Byrne. 
14, Edward C. Eaton. 
14, Michael J. Quigley. 
14, Thomas J. Smith. 

14, E. Morgan Barradale. 
14, W. Clive Crosby. 



Gloucester County. 



45, 46, Samuel W. Cooper. 
45, 46, Benjamin Harding. 
47, 48, John B. Miller. 
47, 48, John B. Hilyard. 

49, John Burk. 
49, 50, John Duell. 

50, Thomas Gaskill. 

51, Edmund Weatherby. 
51, 52, Benjamin C. Tatem. 

52, Thomas Mills. 

53, Joseph Abbott. 

53, John V. Porch. 

54, Joseph Franklin. 
54, Benjamin Beckett. 

55, 56, Jacob G. Tomlin. 
55, 56, James B. Albertson. 

57, John H. Bradway. 

57, Benjamin Smith. 
58, 59, John F. Thomas. 
58, 59, George C. Hewitt. 

60, *Joseph Harker. 
60, 61, John Starr. 
60, 61, •Joseph H. Duffield. 

62, Thomas G. Batten. 
62, 63, Allen Moore. 



•Mr. Harker died during the session 
was elected to All the vacancy. 



63, 64, E. C. Heritage. 

64, 65, Nathan S. Abbott. 

65, 66, William D. Wilson. 
06, 67, William W. Clark. 

67, Jacob J. Hendrickson. 

68, Charles T. Molony. 
68, Wm. B. Rosenbaum, 

69, 70, Leonard F. Harding. 
69 — 71, Nimrod Woolery. 
71, 72, John S. Rulon. 

72, John R. Middleton. 
73, 74, Obadiah Eldridge. 
73, 74, D. W. C. Hemmingway, 

75, Simeon Warrington, 

75, 76, Thomas B. Lodge. 

76, 77, Samuel Moore. 
77—79, Caleb C. Pancoast. 
78, 79, Lawrence Locke, 
80, 81, George Craft. 

80, 81, Thomas M. Ferrell. 

82, Abijah S. Hewitt. 
83—85, Job S. Haines. 
86, 87, Joseph B. Roe. 
88 — 90, James West. 
91, 92, James J. Davidson. 

of 1860, and Mr. Duffleld 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



231 



93 — 96, Solomon H. Stanger. 
97—99. **DaTi(l O. Watkins. 
1900, 01, William P. Buck. 
02—05, John Boyd Avis. 
06—08, William C. Cattell. 



10, Walter Heritage. 

12, James Lafferty. 

*13, Vacancy. 

14, Oliver J. West. 







Hudson County. 


45, 


46, 


Hartman Van Wagenen. 


69, 


70, 


Sidney B. Bevans. 




47, 


Benjamin P. Welsh. 


69, 


70, 


James B. Doremus. 




48, 


Oliver S. Strong. 




69, 


Elbridge V. S. Besson. 




49, 


Jas. J. Van Boskerok. 


69, 


71, 


Michael Coogan. 




50, 


Edward T. Carpenter. 




70, 


Abel I. Smith. 


51, 


52, 


John Van Vorst. 




70, 


William BrinkerhoflF. 




52, 


Edmund T. Parker. 


70, 


71, 


Herman D. Busch. 




52, 


Joseph W. Hancox. 




71, 


James F. Fielder. 




53, 


John Dunn Littell. 




71, 


John Anness. 




53, 


James S. Davenport. 




71, 


George Warrin. 




53, 


Jacob M. Vreeland. 




71, 


Josiah Hornblower. 




54, 


Clement M. Hancox. 




72, 


James Stevens. 




54, 


Aug. F. Hardenbergh. 




72, 


John A. O'Neill. 


54, 


55, 


Jacob M. Merseles. 


72, 


73, 


George H. Farrier. 




55, 


Dudley S. Gregory, Jr. 


72, 


73, 


Dennis Reardon. 




55, 


John M. Board. 


72, 


73, 


George S. Plympton. 




56, 


John D. Ward. 


72, 


73, 


Henry Gaede. 




56, 


James T. Hatfield. 


72, 


73, 


Jasper Wandel. 


56, 


57, 


George V. De Mott. 


72, 


73, 


Anthony J. Ryder. 




57, 


Robert Gilchrist, Jr. 




73, 


John Lee. 


57, 


58, 


Robert C. Bacot. 


73, 


74, 


Richard C. Washburn. 




58. 


William Voorhees. 




74, 


Henry Coombs. 


58—60, 


Garret M. Van Horn. 




74, 


James K. Selleck. 




59, 


Wm. H. Hemenover. 


74, 


75, 


Alexander T. McGill. 




59, 


Samuel A. French. 


74, 


75, 


Patrick Sheeran. 




60, 


W. H. Peckham. 


74, 


75, 


Alexander McDonnell. 




60, 


N. C. Slaight. 


74—76, 


John D. Carscalleu. 




61, 


Franklin B. Carpenter. 


74—77, 


Rudolph F. Rabe. 




61, 


Theo. F. Randolph. 




75, 


Thomas Carey. 


61, 


62, 


Michael J. Vreeland. 




75, 


Edward F. McDonald. 




62, 


Edward D. Reiley. 


75, 


76, 


John J. Toffey. 


62, 


63, 


George McLaughlin. 




76, 


William A. Lewis. 


62, 


63, 


Josiah Conley. 




76, 


Harry Brautigam. 


62, 


63, 


John B. Perry. 




76, 


Thomas C. Brown. 


62- 


-64, 


Joshua Benson. 


76, 


77, 


Thomas J. Hannon. 


63, 


64, 


James Lynch. 


76, 


78, 


Alex. Jocobus. 


63, 


64, 


Garret D. Van Reipen. 




77, 


Martin M. Drohan. 




64, 


John B. Drayton. 




77, 


Lewis A. Brigham. 


64, 


65, 


John Van Vorst. 




77, 


Elijah T. Paxton. 


64, 


65, 


Abraham W. Duryee. 


77, 


78, 


Marmaduke Tilden. 




65, 


Delos E. Culver. 


77, 


78, 


Alexander W. Harris. 




65, 


William E. Broking. 


77, 


78, 


James Stevens. 




65, 


Hiram Van Buskirk. 




78, 


Dudley S. Steele. 


65, 


66, 


69, 70, LeonAbbett. 




78, 


Edward P. C. Lewis. 




66, 


John Ramsay. 


78, 


79, 


81, T. J. McDonald. 




66, 


Charles F. Ruh. 


78, 


79, 


Henry Dusenberry. 


66, 


67, 


0. D. Palkenburg, 




79, 


John Owen Rouse. 


66, 


67, 


De Witt C. Morris. 




79, 


Frank C. Frey. 


66—68, 


Noah D. Taylor. 




79, 


G. A. Lilliendahl. 


67, 


68, 


Hosea F. Clark. 




79, 


John E. Tangeman. 


67, 


68, 


A. 0. Evans. 


79, 


80, 


Joseph Meeks. 


67, 


68, 


John Dwyer. 


79, 


80, 


Samuel Stilsing. 




68, 


John Van Vorst. 




80, 


Patrick Sheeran. 


68, 


69, 


Henry C. Smith. 


80, 


81, 


Noah D. Taylor, 



♦Vacancy caused by death of Edward C. Leeds. 
♦♦Became Acting Governor in '98. 



232 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



80, 


81, 


Allan L. AIcDermott. 


80, 


81, 


J. Herbert Potts. 


80, 


81, 


James Curran. 


80, 


82, 


David W. Lawrence. 




81, 


Frederick Payne. 


81, 


82, 


James J. Casfey. 




82, 


William McAdoo. 




82, 


Robert McCague, Jr. 




82, 


George H. Farrier. 




82, 


David M. Durrell. 




82, 


John O'Rourlie. 


82, 


83, 


Thomas V. Cator. 


82- 


-84, 


James C. Clarke. 


82- 


-84, 


Dennis McLaughlin. 




83, 


Peter F. Wanser. 




83, 


John M. Shannon. 


83, 


84, 


Martin Steljes. 


83, 


84, 


Augustus A. Rich. 


83, 


84, 


Frank 0. Cole. 


83, 


84, 


Joseph T. Kelly. 


83- 


-85, 


Edwin 0. Chapman. 




84, 


Michael J. O'Dounell. 


84, 


85, 


Cornelius S. See. 


84, 


85, 


87, 88, S. D. Dickinson. 




85, 


Thomas H. Kelly. 




85, 


Isaac Romaine. 




85, 


John W. Heck. 




85, 


James J. Clark. 




85, 


John Wade. 




85, 


Fred Frambach, Jr. 


85, 


86, 


John C. Besson. 




86, 


R. B. Seymour. 




86, 


D. A. Peloubet. 




86, 


A. B. Dayton. 




86, 


T. J. McDonald. 


86, 


87, 


Philip Tumulty. 


86, 


87, 


John Pearson. 


86, 


87, 


89, R. S. Hudspeth. 


86, 


87, 


Thomas F. Noonan. 


86, 


87, 


Edward Lennon. 




87, 


Edward T. McLaughlin. 


87, 


88, 


William H. Letts. 


87- 


-89, 


John P. Feeney. 


87—90, 


Wm. C. Heppenheimer. 




88, 


Joseph Gallagher. 




88, 


Charles W. Fuller. 




88, 


•E, Frank Short. 


88, 


89, 


James F. Norton. 


88, 


89, 


Richard Brown. 


88, 


89, 


Edward P. Farrell. 




89, 


Peter T. Donnelly. 




89, 


Judson C. Francois. 


89, 


90, 


Laurence Fagan. 


89, 


92, 


Patrick H. O'Neill. 




90, 


James Murphy. 




90, 


James S. Erwin. 




90, 


John F. Kelly. 


90, 


91, 


Michael Mullone. 


90, 


91, 


Henry Byrne. 



90, 91, Andrew J. Boyle. 

90, 91, Thomas B. Usher. 
90—92, J. Herbert Potts. 

91, Simeon H. Smith. 
91, Henry Puster. 
91, John F. Madden. 

91, William D. Daly. 

91, 92, James Moylan. 

92, Thomas Magner. 
92, James Tumilty. 

92, George A. Heaney. 

92, 93, Martin Lawless. 
92, 93, Cornelius J. Tahen. 

92, 93, John Zeller. 
92—94, Timothy J. Carroll. 
92—94, Michael J. Coyle. 

93, Henry H. Holmes. 
93, Adam J. Dittmar. 

93, S. y. W. Stout. 

93, 94, Ebenezer Berry. 
93, 94, Max Salinger. 

93, 94, Hugh A. Kelly. 

94, Thomas Egan. 

94, George W. Harding. 

94, John Kerr. 

94, Thomas McBwan, Jr. 

94, Charles Erlenkotter. 

94, 95, James Usher. 

95, Henry C. Gruber. 
95, James F. Blackshaw. 
95, Henry M. Nutzhorn. 
95, Frederick Schober. 
95, Robert McAndrew. 

95, William B. Drake. 

95, 96, William N. Parslow. 
95, 96, Pierce J. Fleming. 
95, 96, Richard M. Smart. 

95, 96, David H. Cagney. 

96, Carl H. Ruempler. 
96, John W. Queen. 
96, John E. Hewitt. 
96, Edward Hoos. 

96, Joseph P. Mullln. 

96, 98, Horace L. Allen. 
96, 98, Charles T. Bauer. 

97, Elmer W. Demarest. 
97, William M. Klink. 
97, Robert D. Urquhart. 
97, Isaac F. Goldenhorn. 
97, William G. Nelson. 
97, John E. McArthur. 
97, Theodore C. Wildman. 
97, Charles M. Evans. 

97, Clement DeR. Leonard. 
97, William H. Dod. 

97, Wm. O. Armbruster. 

98. Alexander Simpson. 
98. Adolph Walter, Jr. 

98—1900, Allan Benny, 



•Mr. Short was elected to a second term of offi ?e, but he died 
before the Legislature met. Mr. Francois was chosen for the 
vacancy. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



233 



98 — 1900, James J. Murphy. 
98, 99, James P. Hall. 
98, 99, Fergus T. Kelaher. 
98, 99, Michael J. Bruder. 

98, 99, John J. Marnell. 
98—1900, Tim. J. Carroll. 

99, - 1900, J. Emil Walscheid. 
99—1901, Leon Abbett. 
99—1901, Maurice Marks. 
99—1901, John H. Vollers. 
1900, 01, P. Anthony Brock. 
00—02, Geo. G. Tennant. 

00, 01, 02, John J. Fallon. 

00, 01, 02, Edward J. Rice. 

01, 02, John A. Dennin. 

01, 02, Patrick H. Connolly. 

01, 02, Kilian V. Lutz. 
01—03, Peter Stillwell. 

02, William F. Hurley. 

02, 03, C. G. A. Schumann. 

02, 03, John J. Treacy. 

02 — 03, Frederick Weismann. 
02—05, James A. Hamill. 

03, Michael J. Cannon. 
03—05, Joseph C. Duff. 

03, 04, William D. Kelly. 
03, 04, James F. Fielder. 
03, 04, J. W. Rufus Besson. 
03 — 05, Edgar H. Loveridge. 

03, 04, Thomas P. McGlennou. 

04, 05, Myron C. Ernst. 

04, 05, Godfrey B. Mattheus. 
04, 05, Harry W. Lange. 

04, 05, John Gallery. 

04, D. Kelsey Whitaker. 

05, Archibald S. Alexander. 
05, Edward A. Murphy. 

05, Joseph A. Riordan. 

05, William J. Boucher. 

05, 06, Robert H. Scott. 

06, John J. Coyle. 
06, Joseph F. Galrin. 
06, William A. Joerg. 
06, James E. Woolley. 
06, Edward K. Patterson. 
06, E. W. Arrosmith. 

06, Herman A. Berg. 
06, J. Philip Dlppel. 





06, 




06, 




06, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 




07, 




07, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


08, 


09, 


08, 


09, 


09, 


10, 


09, 


10, 


09, 


10, 




09, 


10, 


11, 


10, 


11, 


10, 


11, 


11, 


12, 


11, 


12, 


31, 


12, 


11, 


12, 




11, 


11, 


12, 


12, 


33, 




12, 


12, 


13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 




13, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




14, 




14, 




14, 




14, 




14. 




14, 




14, 



John H. Eggers. 
Harry F, Thompson. 
Theodore L. Bierck. 
09, 10, Mark A. Sullivan. 
09, 10, Charles P. 01 well. 
09, 10, Jos. P. Tumulty. 
09, 10, James Baker. 
C. E. Hendrickson, Jr. 
Charles H. Blohm. 
Joseph A. Riordan. 
Archibald S. Alexander. 
Philip Daab. 
09, 10, 

Oscar L. Auf der Heide. 

09, Albert C. Epplnger. 
Valentine Holzapfel. 
Amadeus Valente. 

10, 11, Edw. Kenny. 
W. C. Kackenmester. 

11, 12, Wm. S. Davidson. 
1.1, 12, Peter H. James. 
Frederick H. Otto. 
James H. Christie. 

12, 13, James C. Agnew. 

12, Cornelius Ford. 
Thomas M. Donnelly. ■ 

13, Charles M. Egan. 

13, Thomas F. Martin. 

14, Thos. F. A. Griffin. 
James J. McGrath. 
Chas. E. S. Simpson. 

14, Joseph M. Branegan. 
Geo. F. Brensinger. 
Philip Steuerwald. 
Magnus Bredenbek. 
Arthur F. McGrath. 
Harry Kuhlke. 
Thomas C Mulligan. 
Henry W. Moser. 
.Daniel J. Murray. 
Walter I>. McDermott. 
George J. Brackner. 
Joseph Carroll. 
Thomas P. Curran. 
Clinton E. Fisk. 
Thomas G. Gannon. 
Dennis Long. 
Joseph P. Mulligan. 



Hunterdon County. 





45, 




45, 




45, 


45, 


48, 




46, 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47. 


47—49. 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


50, 


51, 



John Swackhammer. 
Amos Moore. 
John H. Case. 
49, Jonathan Pickel. 
Henry Stevenson. 
Isaac R. Srope. 
Joseph Fritts. 
Frederick Apgar. 
John Lambert. 
Andrew Banghart. 
David Van Fleet. 
John Marlow. 



50, 51, Luther Opdycke. 
.50. 51, William Tiusman. 
50—52, John R. Young. 
52, Hiram Bennett. 
52, 53, Peter H. AlJer. 

52, 53, Andrew Vausickle. 

53, 54, John Lambert. 

53, 54, Samuel H. Eritton. 
•54, 55, Lewis Young. 

54, 55, Peter E. Voorhees. 
55, Jacob S. C. Pittenger. 
55, Edward Hunt. 



234 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

58, 59, 

58, 59, 

58, 59, 

58, 59, 
60, 

60, 61, 

60, 61, 

60, 61, 

61, 62, 

62, 63, 

62, 64, 

63, 64, 

64, 65, 

65, 66, 

65, 67, 

66, 67, 

67, 68, 

68, 69, 
68—70, 

69, 70, 

70, 71, 

71, 72, 
71, 72, 
73, 74, 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



William Sergeant. 
John M, Voorhis. 
Joseph W. Willever. 
John P. Rittenhouse. 
John H. Horn. 
William Snyder. 
Cornelius B. Sheets. 
Frederick Apgar. 
Thos. Banghart, Jr. 
Charles Denson. 
Ambrose Barcroft. 
D. D. Scbomp. 
Jacob H. Huffman. 
S. R. Huselton. 
Joseph W. Wood. 
David H. Banghart. 
David B. Boss. 
James J. Willever. 
William I. Iliff. 
Richard H. Wilson. 
Baltes Pickel. 
John Williamson. 
Theodore Probasco. 
John P. Lare. 
John Kngler. 
Peter Voorhees. 
Aug. E. Sanderson. 
W. L. Hoppock. 



73, 74, John Carpenter, Jr. 
75, 76, James Bird. 
75, 76, William W. Swayze. 
77, 78, Henry Britton. 
77, 78, John Hackett. 
79, 80, Charles W. Godown. 
79, 80, James N. Ramsey. 
81, 82, George H. Mathews. 
81, 82, Jacob Hipp. 
83, 84, John V. Robbins. 
83, 84, W. Howard Lake. 
85 — 87, John C. Arnwine. 
85 — 87, Chester Wolverton. 
88—90, William H. Martin. 
88—90, Laurence H. Trimmer. 
91, 92, William B. Niece. 
91—93, Benjamin E. Tine. 
93, J. L. Chamberlin. 
94, 95, Charles N. Redding. 
94_96, William C. Alpaugh. 
9(5 — 98, David Lawshe. 
97 — 99, George F. Martens, Jr. 
99_0l, Oliver I. Blackwell. 
00 — 02, W. A. Laudenberger. 
03 — 05, James H. Willever. 
06—08, 12, 13, 14, 

Oliver C. Holcombe. 
09 — 11, John J. Matthews. 



Mercer County. 



- 45, 

45, 

45, 

46, 47, 

46, 47, 

46, 47, 

48, 

48, 49, 

4&— 50, 

49, 

50, 

50, 51, 

51, 

51, 

52, 

52, 

52, 

53, 

53, 

53, 

54, 

54, 

54, 

55, 

55, 

55, 

56, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

57, 58, 



Israel J. Woodward. 
Richard J. Bond. 
*John Lowrey. 
Isaac Pullon. 
John M. Vancleve. 
William White. 
Samuel C. Cornell. 
James M. Redmond. 
Josiah Buzby. 
John R. Dill. 
John F. Hageman. 
John H. Phillips. 

Eli Rogers. 
Westley P. Danser. 

William Napton. 

John C. Ward. 

Jeremiah Vandyke. 

Abner B. Tomlinson. 

Elijah L. Hendrlckson. 

Randal C. Robbins. 

James H. Hill. 

Franklin S. Mills. 

Runey R. Forman. 

James Vandeventer. 

William Jay. 

Garret Schenck. 

Samuel Wooley. 

Geo. R. Cook. 

Andrew Dutcher. 

Jacob Van Dyke. 



58. 



60, 
61, 
61, 
62, 
62, 
63, 
63, 
64, 
64, 
65, 
66, 
66, 
67, 
67, 
71, 
68, 
68, 
69, 
69, 
70, 
70, 
71, 
71, 
"2, 
72, 



72. 73 



Jonathan S. Fish. 

Augustus L. Martin. 

Robert Aitken. 

Ed. T. R. Applegate. 

Harper Crozer. 

Joseph Abbott. 

William S. Yard. 

Morgan F. Mount. 

John G. Stevens. 

Geo. W. Johnston. 

Peter Crozer. 

James G. West. 

James F. Bruere. 

John A. Weart. 

Alex. P. Green. 

Samuel Fisher. 

Thomas Crozer. 

Charles W. Mount. 

Joseph H. Bruere. 

Thomas J. Corson. 

Thomas C. Pearce. 

Absalom P. Lanning. 

John P. Nelson. 

James C. Norris. 

Charles O. Hudnut. 
William H. Barton. 

LIscomb T. Robbins. 

Richard R. Rogers. 
, John H. Silvers. 
, Alfred W. Smith. 



►Died in office. 



ASSEMBL/Y]\i"EN. 



2^5 



73, 


74, John N. Lindsay. 




91, 


James H. Mulheron. 


73, 


74, Andrew J. Smith. 


91, 


92, 


Patrick T. Burns. 


74, 


75, Geo. 0. Vanderbilt. 


92, 


93, 


James W. Lanning. 




75, Samuel M. Youmans. 


92, 


93, 


Barton B. Hutchinson. 




75, Robt. S. Woodruff, Jr. 




93, 


Charles G. Roebling. 




76, Enoch H. Drake. 


94, 


95, 


William L. Wilbur. 




76, John Hart Brewer. 


94, 


95, 


John Ginder. 




76, Robert L. Hutchinson. 


94, 


95, 


William T. Exton. 




77, William S. Yard. 


96, 


97, 


Elijah C. Hutchinson. 




77, J. Vance Powers. 


96, 


97, 


Geo. W. Macpherson. 


77, 


78, Horatio N. Burroughs. 


96, 


97, 


J. Wiggans Thorn. 


78, 


79, 82, Eckford Moore. 




98, 


Frank M. Weller. 


78, 


79, John D. Rue. 


98, 


99, 


John B. Yard. 




79, William Roberts. 


98, 


99, 


Henry J. Nicklln. 


80, 


81, Charles S. Robinson. 


99, 


1900, Ira W. Wood. 


80, 


81, Richard A. Donnelly. 


1900, 01, J. Warren Fleming. 


80, 


81, John V. D. Beekman. 


1900, 01, Frederick P. Rees. 


82, 


83, Nelson M. Lewis. 


01, 


02, 


George W. Page. 


82, 


83, William J. Convery. 


02, 


03, 


Harry D. Leavltt. 


83, 


84, Joseph H. Applegate. 


02, 


03, 


Bertrand L. Gullck. 


84, 


85, A. Judson Rue 


03, 


04, 


Thomas Colclough, Jr. 


84, 


85, John Caminade. 


04, 


05, 


Ralph Hulse. 




85, Benj. P. Chambers. 


04, 


05. 


Thomas B. DeCou. 


8G, 


87, S. B. Hutchinson. 


05—07, 


Alfred N. Barber. 




86, James C. Taylor, Jr. 


06—08, 


Henry D. Thompson. 




86, William Ossenberg. 


06, 


07, 


William F. Burke. 




87, Frederick Walter. 


08, 


09, 


Edward H. Ginnelley. 




87, George D. Scudder. 


08, 


09, 


10, George W. Housel. 




88, Charles H. Olden, 


09—11, 


Charles H. Mather. 




88, Josiah Jones. 


10, 


11, 


Allan B. Walsh. 




88, Lyman Leavltt. 


11, 


12, 


13, George W. Adams. 




89, Uriel T. Scudder. 




12, 


John E. Gill. 




89, Thomas S. Chambers. 


12, 


14, 


Edgar G. Weart. 


89, 


90, John Schroth. 




13, 


Erwin E. Marshall. 




90, Howell C. Stull. 


13, 


14, 


Hervey S. Moore. 


90, 


91, Jacob R. Wyckoff. 




14, 


James Hammond. 




Middlesex County. 


45, 


46, Simeon W. Phillips. 


53, 


54, 


Abraham Everett. 


45, 


46, Ralph C. Stults. 


54, 


55, 


Samuel E. Stelle. 


45, 


46, Daniel C. Dunn. 


55, 


56, 


William Hutchinson 


45, 


46, Charles Abraham. 




56, 


John T. Jenkins. 




47, Garret G. Voorhees. 


56, 


57, 


Amos Bobbins. 




47, Theodore F. King. 




57, 


Henry Stults. 




47, John A. Davison. 


57, 


58, 


John D. Buckelew. 


47, 


48, Richard McDowell. 


58, 


59, 


Garret I. Snedeker. 




48, Melancton F. Carman. 


58- 


-60, 


Ellis B. Freeman. 


48, 


49, Lewis S. Randolph. 




59, 


Andrew McDowell. 


48, 


49, Aaron Gullck. 




60, 


Thomas Booraem. 




49, William A. Gullck. 




60, 


, Ellas Dey. 


49, 


, 50, James Bishop. 


61, 


. 62, 


, Ellas Ross. 




50, Henry Vandyke. 




62, 


, Orlando Perrine. 




50, Charles Abraham. 


62, 


, 63, 


, James T. Crowell. 




50, Israel R. Corlell. 


63, 


, 64, 


, Miles Ross. 




51, David Dunn. 


63, 


, 64: 


, David B. Wyckoff. 




51, Peter F. Dye. 


64, 


, 65, 


, Abraham C. Corlell. 




51, J. B. Johnson. 




65, 


, James G. Goble. 


51 


, 52, Robert M. Crowell. 


65, 


, 67 


, 69, 70, Levi D. Jarrard. 




52, James Applegate. 


66, 


, 67 


, Nathan H. Tyrell. 


52 


, 53, Josephus Shann. 


66 


, 67 


, John W. Perrine. 


53—55, Martin A. Howell. 




68 


, George E. Strong. 



236 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 





70, 


70, 


71, 




71, 


71- 


-73, 




72, 


72, 


73, 




73, 




74, 




74, 


74, 


75, 




75, 




75, 




76, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 




77, 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79, 




80, 




80, 


80, 


81, 


81, 


82, 


81, 


83, 




82, 


82, 


83, 


83, 


84, 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85, 


85, 


86, 


86, 


87, 


86, 


87, 


87, 


88, 



90. 91. 



45, 
45, 

45, 46, 
45—47, 
45—47, 

46, 47, 
46, 47, 

47, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

49, 50, 

49, 

49, 

49, 50, 

49, 50, 



Alfred W. Jones. 
WilUam M. Cox. 
George E. Brown. 
Albert L. Runyon. 
Edward F. Roberts. 
Isaac L. Fischer. 
Johnston Holcombe. 
Joseph C. Letson. 
H. F. Worthington. 
John Von Deursen. 
John F. Ten Broeck. 
Joseph C. Magee, Jr. 
James H. Van Cleef. 
Josephus Shann. 
Isaiah Rolfe. 
Charles A. Campbell. 
Daniel Z. Martin. 
John Waldron. 
Isaac L. Martin. 
Patrick Convery. 
Vincent W. Mount. 
Robert G. Miller. 
John M. Board. 
Stephen M. Martin. 
James H. Van Cleef. 
Manning Freeman. 
John Adair. 
James H. Goodwin. 
William R. Jernee. 
Edward S. Savage. 
Robert Carson. 
John Martin. 
John F. Ten Broeck. 
R. R. Vandenbergh. 
John Mulvey. 
Ephralm Cutter. 
Charles B. Herbert. 
Daniel M. Kane. 
Luther H, Tappen. 



90, 91, William C. Jacques. 
90, 91, Charles H. Manahan. 
92, 93, John H. Daly, 
92, 93, Hezekiah Warne. 
92 — 94, John W. Beekman. 

94, William F. Harkins. 
94 — 96, Andrew H. Slover. 
9.5, 96, Edward W. Hicks. 
95, 96, George H. Tice. 

97, Alexander C. Litterst. 

97, Jacob H. Whiteeld. 

97, James Fountain. 
98, 99, Adam Eckert. 
98, 99, Joseph H. Ridgeway. 
98, 99, John J. Quaid. 
1900, 01, Adrian Lyon. 
1900, 01, H. Raymond Groves. 
00—03, J. E. Montgomery. 

02, Myron J. Whitford. 
W. H. C. Jackson. 
Bernard M. Gannon. 
J. H. Thayer Martin. 
Alexander R. Fordyce, Jr. 
Frank C. Henry. 

07, Frank Crowther. 

07, William R. Drake. 

07, Edward E. Haines. 
10, 11, W. E. Ramsay. 
09, William C. Voorhees. 

08, S. C. Van Cleef. 

09, Rene P. F. Von Minden. 

09, Edwin C. McKeag. 

10, Edward Burt. 

11, Jno. V. L. Booraem. 

11, 12, Aug. C. Streitwolf. 

12, J. F. Ten Broeck. 

12, 13, 14, J. P. Kirkpatrick. 

13, 14, Arthur A. Quinu. 
13, 14, George L. Burton. 



02, 03, 

03, 

04, 05, 

04, 05, 



04, 

06, 
06, 
06, 
08, 
08, 



10. 



05. 



Monmouth County. 



George F. Fort. 
♦Jas. H. Hartshorne. 
Andrew Simpson. 
Hartshorne Tantum. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
William Vandoren. 
John Borden. 
Andrew Simpson. 
William W. Bennett. 
Joel Parker. 
Ferdinand Woodward. 
♦Samuel Bennett. 
Joel W. Ayres. 
Alfred Walling. 
James Hooper. 
John B. Williams. 
George W. Sutphin. 
James D. Hall. 





50, 




50, 




51, 


51, 


52, 


51, 


52, 


51- 


-53, 




52, 




53, 




53, 


53, 


54, 




54, 




54, 


54- 


-56, 




55, 




55. 




55, 


56, 


57, 


56, 


57, 



William G. Hooper. 
Charles Butcher. 
Bernard Connolly. 
William H. Conover. 
Garret S. Smock. 
Samuel W. Jones. 
Charles Butcher. 
Charles Allen. 
Daniel P. Van Doren. 
Robert Allen. 
Form an Hendrickson. 
John L. Corlies. 
Henry E. Lafetra. 
John Vandoren. 
Thomas B. Stout. 
William H. Johnson. 
Jacob Herbert. 
John R. Barricklo. 



♦Died in oflBce. 



ASSEMBLYMEN 



237 



56, 


57, 


Samuel Beers. 




86, 


William Plntard. 


57- 


-59, 


John V. Conover. 


86, 


87, 


W. S, Throckmorton. 


57- 


-60, 


Austin H. Patterson. 


88, 


89, 


Edward B. Potts. 


58, 


59, 


George Middleton. 


88, 


89, 


Archibald A. Higgins. 


58, 


59, 


Richard B. Walling. 




89, 


William F. Patterson. 




60, 


J. J. McNinney. 


90, 


91, 


Aaron E. Johnston. 


60, 


61, 


William H. Mount. 


90, 


91, 


William D. Campbell. 


60, 


61, 


James Patterson. 


90, 


91, 


Charles H. Ivins. 


61, 


62, 


William V. Ward. 


92, 


93, 


John D. Honce. 


61, 


62, 


Charles Haight. 


92, 


93, 


Reuben G. Strahan. 




62, 


George C. Murray. 


92, 


93, 


William Taber Parker. 


63, 


65, 


Michael Taylor. 




94, 


Charles L. Walters. 


63, 


64, 


Osborn Curtis. 




94, 


Richard Borden. 


68, 


64, 


David H. Wyckoff. 


94, 


95, 


David D. Denise. 


65, 


66, 


Daniel A. Holmes. 


95, 


96, 


Charles A. Francis. 


65, 


66, 


George Schenck. 


95, 


96, 


George B. Snyder. 




66, 


William C. Browne. 




96, 


Alfred Walling, Jr. 


67, 


68, 


Charles Allen. 




97, 


William H. Reid. 


67, 


68, 


Francis Corlies. 




97, 


Oliver H. Brown. 


67, 


68, 


Thomas S. R. Brown. 




97, 


Daniel E. Van Wickle. 




69, 


William H. Conover. 


98, 


99, 


Joseph L. Butcher. 


69, 


70, 


Daniel H. Van Mater. 


98, 


99, 


Joseph C. Heyer. 


69, 


70. 


Andrew Brown. 


98, 


99, 


B. Drummond Woolley. 


70—72, 


Austin 11. Patterson. 


1900, 01, Charles R. Snyder. 




71, 


William S. Horner. 


1900, 01, Sam'l W. Kirkbride. 


71, 


72, 


John T. Haight. 


1900, 01, William Hyres. 




72, 


Wm. B. Hendrickson. 




02, 


William T. Hoffman. 


73, 


74, 


John B. Gifford. 




02, 


Somers T. Champion. 


73, 


74, 


John S. Sproul. 


02, 


03, 


John A. Howland. 


73- 


-75, 


George W. Patterson. 


03, 


04, 


Charles F. McDonald. 


75, 


76, 


Chas. D. Hendrickson. 


03, 


04, 


Amzl M. Posten. 


75, 


76, 


William V. Conover. 




04, 


William F. Lefferson. 


76, 


77, 


James L. Rue. 


05, 


06, 


Edgar I. VanderVeer. 




77, 


James H. Leonard. 


05, 


06, 


Walter S. Reed. 


77, 


78, 


William H. Bennett. 


05, 


06, 


George C. Henry. 




78, 


George J. Ely. 




07, 


Isaac B. Davison. 


78, 


79, 


Arthur Wilson. 




07, 


T. Nelson Lillagore. 


79, 


80, 


87, Sherman B. Ovlatt. 




07, 


Frank J. Manson. 


79, 


80, 


92, 93, John D. Honce. 




08, 


Wilbert A. Beecroft. 


80, 


81, 


87, 88, G. H. Lufburrow; 




08, 


David E. Tantum. 




81, 


Holmes W. Murphy. 




08, 


John W. Keough. 


81, 


82, 


David A. Bell. 


09, 


10, 


Joseph D. Bedle. 




82, 


Benjamin Griggs. 


09, 


10, 


Monroe V. Poole. 


82, 


83, 


Peter Forman, Jr. 


09, 


10, 


Peter Vredenburgh. 


83, 


84, 


Alfred B. Stoney. 




11, 


Jas. A. Hendrickson. 


83, 


84, 


Thomas G. Chattle. 


11, 


12, 


Elmer H. Geran. 


84, 


85, 


Charles H. Boud. 


11, 


12, 


13, *Leon R. Taylor. 




85, 


William H. Grant. 


13, 


14, 


William E. Mount. 


85. 


86, 


Frank E. Heyer. 




14, 


William Winans. 






Morris 


County. 




45, 


Timothy Kitchel. 


48, 


49, 


Samuel Van Ness. 


45, 


46, 


Matthias Kitchel. 


48, 


49, 


Edward W. Whelpley. 


45, 


46, 


Henry Seward. 




50, 


John L. Kanouse. 


45, 


46, 


George H. Thompson. 




50, 


Andrew Cobb. 


46, 


47, 


Calvin Howell. 




50, 


Freeman Wood. 




47, 


Richard Lewis. 




50, 


George H. Thompson. 




47, 


Charles McFarland. 




51, 


Horace Chamberlain. 




47, 


Samuel Hilts. 




51, 


Jonathan P. Bartley. 


48, 


49, 


Andrew I. Smith. 




51, 


Josiah Meeker. 


48, 


49, 


David T. Cooper. 


51, 


52, 


Cornelius B. Doremus. 



*Became Acting Governor in '13. 



238 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



52, 


53, 


C. S. Dickerson. 


77, 


78, 


C. P. Garrabrant. 


52, 


53, 


Jobn D. Jackson. 




78, 


Francis J. Doremus. 


52, 


53, 


Robert Albright. 




78, 


Joshua S. Salmon. 




53, 


John L. Kanouse. 


79, 


80, 


Charles F. Axtell. 




54, 


Andrew B. Cobb. 


79, 


80, 


James H. Bruen. 


54, 


55, 


William P. Conkling. 


79, 


80, 


Holloway W. Hunt. 


54, 


55, 


William Logan. 


81, 


82, 


William C. Johnson. 


54, 


55, 


Aaron Pitney. 


81, 


82, 


91, 92, John F. Post. 


55, 


56, 


Edward Howell. 


81, 


82, 


Oscar Lindsley. 




56, 


Wm. M. Muchmore. 


83, 


84, 


James H. Neighbour. 


56, 


57, 


William A. Carr. 


83, 


84, 


Amzi F. Weaver. 


56, 


57, 


Daniel Budd. 


83- 


-85, 


George W. Jenkins. 


57, 


58, 


Benjamin M. Felch. 


85, 


86, 


John Seward Wills. 


57, 


58, 


Richard Speer. 


85, 


86, 


Ellas C. Drake. 


58, 


59, 


Lyman A. Chandler. 


86, 


87, 


John Norwood. 


58, 


59, 


John Naughright. 


87, 


88, 


Samuel S. Lyon. 




59, 


A. H. Stansborough. 


87, 


88, 


John R. v>itney. 


59, 


60, 


James II. Ball. 


88, 


89, 


Carnot B. Meeker. 




60, 


Eugene Ayres. 


89, 


90, 


John Norris. 


60—62, 


Nelson H. Drake. 


89, 


90, 


William S. Nauright. 


GO- 


-62, 


Nathan Horton. 


90, 


91, 


Jas. Preston Albright. 




61, 


William W. Beach. 


91, 


92, 


Ford D. Smith. 


61, 


62, 


John Hill. 




93, 


Thomas J. O'Brien. 


62, 


63, 


Jacob Vanatta. 




93, 


Sylvester Utter. 




63, 


William J. Wood. 


94, 


95, 


Charles A. Baker. 


63—65, 


Jesse Hoffman. 


94, 


95, 


William C. Bates. 




64, 


Henry C. Sanders. 


90, 


97, 


Charles F. Hopkins. 


64, 


65, 


John Bates. 


96, 


97, 


Joseph B. Righter. 




65, 


Alfred M. Treadwell. 


98, 


90, 


George E. Poole. 




66, 


John Hill. 


98—1900, Jacob W. Welsh. 


66, 


67, 


James C. Yawger. 


1900, 01, Samuel L. Garrison. 


66, 


67, 


Ellas M. White. 


01, 


02, 


Chas. R. Whitehead. 




67, 


Lewis Estler. 


02, 


03, 


William T. Brown. 




68, 


Daniel Coghlan. 


03, 


04, 


Thomas J. Hillery. 




68. 


George Gage. 


04, 


05, 


Charles A. Baker. 


68—70, 


Jesse M. Sharp. 


05, 


06, 


John M. Mills. 


69, 


70, 


Theodore W. Phoenix. 


06, 


07, 


Richard J. Chaplin. 


69, 


70, 


Columbus Beach. 


07, 


08, 


Henry W. Buxton. 


71, 


72, 


Nathaniel Niles. 


08, 


09, 


James A. Lyon. 


71, 


72, 


W. B. Lefevre. 


09, 


10, 


Oscar B. Smith. 


71- 


-73, 


August C. Canfleld. 


10, 


12, 


William F. Birch. 


73, 


74, 


W. H. Howell. 




11, 


Albert Bunn. 


73, 


74, 


Jacob Z. Budd. 




11, 


Eugene S. Burke. 


74- 


-76, 


Ellas M. Skellinger. 




12, 


Joseph G. Willis. 


75, 


76, 


James C. Youngblood. 




13, 


James J. Lyons. 


75, 


76, 


Edmund D. Halsey. 




13, 


Edward D. Neighbour 




77, 


Abm. C. Van Duyne. 




14, 


George W. Downs. 




77, 


•Cummins 0. Cooper. 




14, 


Harry W. Mutchler. 






Ocean County 




51- 


-53, 


Joel Haywood. 


66, 


67, 


Job Edwaris. 




54, 


A. 0. S. Havens. 


68, 


69, 


G. W. Cowperthwalte. 


55, 


56, 


William F. Brown. 


70, 


71, 


Albert M. Bradshaw. 


57- 


-59, 


Edwin Salter. 




72, 


Richard B. Parker. 




60, 


Thomas W. Ivlns. 




73, 


John S. Shultze. 




61, 


Charles H. Applegate. 




74, 


Edward M. Lonan. 




62, 


Ephraim Emson. 


75, 


87, 


88, 89, J. S. Goble. 




63, 


Edwin Salter. 




76, 


Ephraim P. Emson. 


64, 


65, 


Jacob Birdsall. 
1878, Cummins 0. 


Cooper 


77, 
wa 


Isaac A. Van Hlse. 




♦In 


s unseated by Joshua 


Salmon 











ASSEMBLYMEN. 



239 



7&-80. 




81, 




82, 




83, 




84, 


85, 


86, 


98, 


— yj, 
94, 


95, 


96, 


97, 


98, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 




47, 


47, 


48, 




48, 




49, 


49, 


50, 


50, 


51, 


51, 


52, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 


53, 


54, 




54, 




55, 




55, 


55, 


56, 




56. 


5G— 58, 




57, 




57, 




58, 


58, 


59, 




59. 


59—61, 




60, 


60, 


61, 


61, 


62, 


62- 


-66, 


62- 


-66, 




63, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 


64, 


65, 


65, 


66, 


65, 


66, 




67, 


67, 


68, 


67, 


68, 


68, 


69, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70, 




70, 




70, 


71, 


72, 


71, 


78, 


72, 


73, 




73, 



Rufus Blodgett. 
William H. Bennett. 
Clifford Horner. 
George T. Cranmer. 
Augustus W. Irons. 
George G. Smith. 
Adolph Ernst. 
John T. Burton. 
Abraham Lower. 
Roderick A. Clark. 



99—1901, Courtney C. Carr. 

02, George W. Holman, Jr. 

03, William J. Harrison. 
04, 05, Cornelius C. Pearce. 

06, George C. Warren. 

07, Samuel S. Taylor. 
08, 09, 10, Benj. H. Crosby. 
11, 12, Harry E. Newman. 
13, 14, David G. Conrad. 



Passaic County. 



George W. Colfax. 
Chileon F. De Camp. 
Abm. Prall. 
Henry AI. Van Ness. 
John M. Demarest. 
Oscar Decker. 
C. S. Van Wagoner. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Benjamin Geroe. 
54, John L. Laroe. 
J. S. Fayerweather. 
J. V. R. Van Blarcom. 
Cornelius Van Winkle. 
Philip Rafferty. 
Charles H. May. 
William C. Stratton. 
William M. Morrell. 
John Schoonmaker. 
Peter H. Whritenor. 
Benj. Buckley. 
John J. Brown. 
James B. Beam. 
Patrick Magennis. 
Richard Van Houten. 
Joel M. Johnson. 
Samuel Pope. 
Isaac Stagg. 
Isaac P. Cooley. 
Socrates Tuttle. 
John N. Terhune. 
Chandler D. Norton. 
Samuel Pope. 
Joseph N. Taylor. 
Charles F. Johnson. 
Aaron Kinter. 
Garret Van Wagoner. 
Isaac D. Blauvelt. 
E. A. Stansbury. 
David Henry. 
Joseph R. Baldwin. 
A. A. Van Voorhees. 
Hugh Reid. 
72, C. Hemmingway. 
Henry Hobbs. 
Charles P. Gurnee. 
75, Robert M. Torbet. 
79, Jolm O'Brien. 
Henry McDanolds. 
George Barnes. 



73, 74, 

74, 75, 
74, 75, 
76, 77, 
76, 77, 
76, 77, 

78, 

78, 79, 

79, 80, 

80, 81, 
80, 81, 

81, 

82, 

82, 83, 

82, 83, 
82—85, 

83, 84, 
84, 
84, 

85, 86, 

85, 80, 

85, 8G, 

86, 

87, 88, 

87, 

87, 

87, 88, 

88, 

88, 

89, 

89, 

89, 

90, 

90, 91, 

90, 91, 

90, 91, 

91, 

92, 

92, 93, 

92, 93, 

93, 94, 
94, 
94, 
95, 

95, 96, 
9.5, 96, 
95. 96, 
96—98, 
97, 



Garret a. Hobart. 
David Henry. 
John P. Zeluff. 
John W. Griggs. 
John Sanderson. 
Jos. L. Cunningham. 
John'Kennell. 
John H. Robinson. 
George W. Conkling. 
Robert B. Morehead. 
Thomas B. Vreeland. 
Jacob Latus. 
Joseph A. Greaves. 
Patrick H. Shields. 
William F. Gaston. 
92, 93, 94, Thos. Flynn. 
Clark W. Mills. 
William Prall. 
Cornelius A. Cadmus. 
John Scheele. 
De Witt C. Bolton. 
George H. Low. 
William B. Gourley. 
George Law. 
John Donohue. 
Robert A. Carroll. 
89, James Keys. 
James H. Rogers. 
Eugene Emley. 
John I. Holt. 
Chas. T. Woodward. 
William W. Welch. 
Thomas McCran. 
John King. 
John F. Kerr. 
Robert Williams. 
Richard Carroll. 
James Parker. 
Frank Gledhill. 
John F. Smith. 
John T. Holt. 
John M^Kelvey. 
William I. LewiJs. 
Samuel Frederick. 
James Robertson. 
Samuel Bullock. 
97, 90, 1900, John King. 
Henry W. Gledhill. 
Frank Atherton. 



240 



ASSEMBLYMEN 





97, 


Phineas Bridge. 




07, 


Henry J. Earle. 


98, 


99, 


Wood McKee. 




07, 


John D. Van Blarcom. 


98, 


99, 


John W. Sturr. 


08, 


09, 


10, 11, 12, 




98. 


John Donohue. 






Amos H. Radclifife. 


99—01, 


Vivian M. Lewis. 




08, 


Samuel McCoid. 


1900, 


Richard Berry. 


08, 


09, 


William B. Burpo. 


00—03. 


Edmund G. Stalter. 




08, 


Henry C. Whitehead. 


01, 


02. 


Wm. B. Davidson. 


09, 


10, 


Edward T. Moore. 


01—03. 


Hiram Keasler. 




09, 


James G. Blauvelt. 




02, 


Raymond Bogert. 


10, 


11, 


12, Thomas F. McCran. 


02, 


03, 


04, F. W. Van Blarcom. 


10, 


11, 


12, Leonard Pikaart. 




03. 


Anton L. Pettersen. 




11, 


Arthur P. Jackson. 


03—05; 


George H. Dalrymple. 




12, 


William W. Watson. 




04, 


Jacob De Lazier. 




12, 


G. H. Vermuelen. 


04, 


05, 


Ernest Shaw. 




13, 


Robert F. Buckley. 


04, 


05, 


10, 11, Thos. R. Layden. 




13, 


James E. Kerwin. 


05, 


06, 


George F. Wright. 




13, 


Robert A. Roe. 


05, 


06, 


Henry ISIarelli. 




13, 


James Matthews. 




06, 


Arthur M. Smethurst. 




13, 


Joseph A. Delaney. 


06, 


08, 


09, John D. Prince. 




14, 


William J. Barbour. 




06, 


Colin R. Wise. 




14, 


George H. Dalrymple. 




07, 


William A. Merz. 




14, 


William Hughes. 




07, 


Abram Klenert. 




14. 


John Hunter. 




07, 


Frank A. Pawelski. 




14, 


Edmund B. Randall. 






Salem County. 






45, 


David Wiley. 




62, 


William P. Somers. 




45, 


Isaiah Conklyn. 




62, 


Samuel D. Miller. 




45, 


Robert Hewitt. 




03, 


Joseph Waddington. 




46, 


Ephraim Carel. 


63, 


04, 


Jor.eph W. Cooper. 




46, 


Charles Bilderbaek. 




64, 


William N. Hancock. 




46, 


George Remster. 




65, 


William Callahan. 




47, 


Joseph M. Springer. 


65, 


66, 


A. M. P. V. H. Dickeson. 




47, 


James Vanoieter. 


60, 


67, 


Samuel Garrison. 


47, 


48, 


Joseph Foster. 




67, 


John S. Newell. 




48, 


Benj. F. McCollister. 




68, 


Henry M. Wright. 




48, 


Joseph R. Chew. 


68, 


69, 


Andrew S. Reevee. 




49, 


James H. Trenchard. 


09, 


70, 


Charles F. 11. Cray. 




49, 


Isaac Lippincott. 


1 


70, 


David Evans. 




49, 


John Fowler. 




71, 


John W. Dickinson. 




50, 


Charles B. Newell. 




71, 


John Hitchner. 




50, 


David Sithens. 




72, 


Smith Hewitt. 




50, 


Benjamin Remster. 


72, 


73, 


Daniel P. Darrell. 




51, 


Smith Bilderbaek. 


73, 


74, 


William Iszard. 




51, 


Charles Benner. 


74, 


75, 


William B. Carpenter. 




51, 


Harman Ri';hnian. 




75, 


Charles P. Swing. 




52, 


Jacob Hitchner. 




70, 


Richard Coles. 




52, 


John C. Lummis. 


76—78, 


Quinton Keasbey. 




53, 


Nathaniel G. Swing. 




77, 


John S. Elwell. 




53, 


John Blackwood. 




78, 


William C. Kates. 




54, 


Isaiah D. Clawson. 


79- 


-SI, 


Henry Barber. 




54, 


Richard Grier. 


70- 


-81, 


John T. Garwood. 




55, 


Joshua Thompson. 


'82- 


-84, 


Henry Combs. 




55, 


John Harris. 


85, 


86. 


Joseph D. Whitaker. 




56, 


Joseph Kille. 




87, 


William Newell. 




56, 


. Samuel Plummer. 




88, 


Milbird F. Riley. 




57, 


. William Beckett. 


89, 


90, 


John C. Ward. 


57 


—59, 


, Thomas B. Jones. 


91, 


92, 


, James Strimple. 


58, 


, 59, 


, Alfred Simpkins. 


93, 


94, 


William Diver. 




60, 


, Samuel Ilabermayer. 


95, 


96, 


Charles W. Powers. 


60, 


, 61, 


. Joshua Lippincott. 


97, 


98, 


, Joseph B. Crispen. 




61, 


, Owen L. .rones. 




99, 


, Frank Wright. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



241 



1900, 01, Henry J. Blohm. 

02, John Tyler. 

03, Ephraim C. Harris. 
04—06, Thomas B. Hunt. 

07, 08, 10, Samuel A. Eidgway. 



09, John D. Schade. 
11, Chas. L. Richmond. 

13, Isaac S. Smlck. 

14, William M. Wheatley. 



Somerset County. 



45, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 47, 

46, 

47^9, 

47-^9, 

48—50, 

50, 

50, 51, 
51, 

51, 52, 
52, 

53, 54, 
54—56, 

55, 
56, 57, 

57, 

58, 59, 

59, 60, 

60, 61, 
61—63, 
62, 63, 

64, 65, 

65, 66, 

66, 67, 



Peter Voorhees. 
Samuel Reynolds. 
Peter Kline. 
James B. Elmendorf. 
Peter T. Beekman. 
Jonathan Cory. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
F. V. D. Voorhees. 
John M. Wyckoff. 
Samuel S. Doty. 
53, John De Mott. 
Frederick D. Brokaw. 
Eugene S. Doughty. 
Michael R. Nevius. 
John H. Anderson. 
John S. Hoagland. 
Alvah Lewis. 
Cornelius M. Schomp. 
Cornelius N. Allen. 
Nehemiah V. Steele. 
Elisha B. Wood. 
70, J. W. Arrowsmith. 
John G. Schenek. 
John M. Mann. 
Daniel Corey. 
Rynier A. Staats. 
Ralph Davenport. 
Peter A. Voorhees. 
Abraham T. Huff. 
John J. Bergen. 



72, 73, 
72, 73, 
74, 75, 
75—77, 
76, 77, 
78—80, 
78—80, 
81, 
81, 



85, 86 



94, 



97, 98, 



01, 
03, 
05, 
07. 



13, 



71, John R. Staats. 
71, James Doty. 

David D. Smalley. 

74, Jno. G. Schenek. 

WiUiam P. Sutphin. 

Joseph H. Voorhees. 

91, 92, Jas. J. Bergen. 

John Ringelmann. 

J. Newton Voorhees. 

John L. Oakey. 
82, William A. Schomp. 
84, Cornelius S. Hoffman. 

John Vetterlein. 

87, George E. Pace. 

88, Oscar Conkling. 
90, Jacob Klotz. 

93, George H. Cramer. 

95, Frank W. Somers. 

96. Charles A. Reed. 
Peter V. D. Van Doren. 

1900, Edward E. Cooper. 
02, Henry W. Hoagland. 
04, Sam'l S. Swackhamer. 
06, Irving Hoagland. 
08, 09, 10, Wm. W. Smalley. 

11, Geo. M. La Monte. 

12, William de La Roche 

Anderson. 
14, Azariah M. Beekman. 



Sussex County. 





45, 




45, 




45, 




46, 


46, 


47, 


46—48, 


47—49, 


48—50, 




49, 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 




51, 




52, 


52- 


-54, 


52, 


55, 


53, 


54, 


53, 


54, 




55, 


5.5— .57. 


56- 


-58, 


56- 


-58, 




58, 



Absalom Dunning. 
Jesse Bell. 
Timothy H. Cook. 
Juhn Hunt. 
Peter Young. 
Thos. D. Armstrong. 
Peter Hoyt. 
Jacob Hornbeck, Jr. 
Martin Ryerson. 
Guy Price. 
William Simonson. 
Daniel D. Decker. 
George W. Collver. 
Timothy E. Shay. 
Aaron K. Stinson. 
Benjamin Hamilton. 
Luther Hill. 
James L. Decker. 
Daniel D. Gould. 
William Smith. 
John W. Opdyke. 
Sanford McKeeby. 
16 



59, 60. 
59, 60, 
59, 00, 

61, 

62, 
62—64, 
63, 64, 

65, 
65—67, 
66, 67, 
68—70, 
68—70, 

71, 
71, 72, 
75, 76, 
77, 78, 
79—81, 
82—84, 
85—87, 
88—90, 
91—93, 
94—^6, 



Martin Cole. 
61, Charles Mackerly. 
61, Daniel D. Decker. 
William Price. 
Thomas N. McCarter. 
William H. Bell. 
Robert Hamilton. 
Samuel Fowler. 
William M. Iliff. 
73, 74, F. M. Ward. 
Hiram C. Clark. 
Samuel H. Hunt. 
Peter Smith. 
Lebbeus Martin. 
William Owen. 
George Greer. 
Lewis J. Martin. 
William E. Ross. 
Horatio N. Kinney. 
Andrew J. Bale. 
Jacob Swartwout. 
William P. Coursen. 



242 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



97, 



1901, 
02. 03, 



58, 
58, 
59, 

59, 60, 

60, 61, 
61, 
62, 

f,2, G?., 

63, 64, 

64, 65, 
65, 
66, 
66, 
67, 
67, 



70, 
70, 71, 

71, 

72, 
72—74, 
72—74, 

73, 
74, 75, 
74, 75, 
76, 77, 
76, 77, 
76—78, 

78, 
78—80, 

79, 80, 
79—82, 
81, 82, 
81—83, 
83, 84, 
83, 84, 

84, 

85, 

85, 86, 

85—87, 

80. 87. 
87, 88, 



45, 
45, 
45. 46, 
46—48, 
46 — 48, 
47—49, 
49—51, 



Horace E. Rude. 
1900, Elvln E. Smith. 
Theodore M. Roe. 
04, Lewis S. Iliff. 



05, Vacancy.* 

06—08, Levi H. Morris. 

09, 10, 11, 12, Chas. A. Meyer. 

13, 34, Henry T. Kays. 



Union County. 



Benjamin M. Price. 
Carmon Parse. 
William Stiles. 
Elston Marsh. 
David Mulford. 
Israel 0. Max-svell. 
John J. High. 
Samuel L. Moore. 
Noah Woodruff. 
Philip Dougherty. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 
John R. Crane. 
Thomas J. Lee. 
A. M. W. Ball. 
Enos W. Runyon. 
John H. Whelan. 
DeWitt C. Hough. 
Albert A. Drake. 
75, Ferd. Blancke. 
.Joseph W. Yates. 
Andrew Dutcher. 
William McKinley. 
John H. Lufberry. 
Jabez B. Cooley. 
William H. Gill. 
Elias R. Pope. 
Moses F. Cary. 
Benjamin A. Vail. 
John Egan. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
George M. Stiles. 
Philip H. Vernon. 
John T. Dunn. 
George T. Parrott. 
Frank L. Sheldon. 
Edward J. Byrnes. 
Asa T. Woodruff. 
DeWitt C. Hough. 
Jacob Kirkuer. 
Peter L. Hughes. 
William H. Corbin. 
Wm. Chamberlain. 
John J. Matthews. 



Abram Wildrick. 
Stephen Warne. 
Robert C. Caskey. 
Jonathan Shotwell. 
Amos n. Drake. 
Samuel Mayberry. 
Andrew Ribble. 



94, 
94, 
94, 

96, 
96. 



88 — 90, Foster M. Voorhees. 
88—90, John Ulrich. 
89, 90, Frederick C. Marsh. 
91, 92, John Carroll. 
91—93, George Kyte. 
91 — 93, Thomas F. Lane. 
93, Timothy M. Kelly. 
95, John N. Burger. 
05, Joseph Cross. 
95, Charles N. Codding. 
97, Henry Clauss. 
97, J. Martin Roll. 
96, 97, William R. Codington. 
98, 99, George A. Squire. 
98. 99, Roger F. Murray. 
98. 99, Robert G. Houston. 
1900, 01. Ellis R. Meeker. 
1900. 01, Chester M. Smith. 
1900, 01. Charles S. Foote. 
02, Frederick Miller. 
William Newcorn. 
William F. Hall. 
05, Edward S. Coyne. 
Charles L. Moffett. 
Joseph T. Hague. 
Joseph H. Gunn. 
Peter Tillman. 
tRandolph Perkins. 
Everard K. Tucker. 
John R. Moxon. 
10, Carlton B. Pierce. 
Albert F. Kirstein. 
Augustus W. Schwartz. 
Lloyd Thompson. 

11, Calvin E. Brodhead. 

13, H. J. McLaughlin. 

12, William F. Groves. 
12. George C. Otto. 
12, George L. Babcock. 

14. William A. Leonard. 

14. John J. Griffin. 
14, Francis V. Dobbins. 



02, 


03, 


03, 


05, 




04, 




04, 




04. 


05—07, 


05—07, 




06. 


07, 


08. 


08, 


09, 


08, 


09, 


09, 


10, 


10, 


11. 



11 



County. 

49 — 51, Benjamin Fritts. 

50, 51, 53. John Loller. 

52, John Cline. 

52—54, John Sherrer. 

52—54, David V. C. Crate. 

54 — 56, George H. Beatty. 

5.5 — 57, Archibald Osborn. 



•Jackson R. Decker was elected, but died before meeting 
of Legislature. 

tElected to fill vacancy caused by death of George H. Embree 
in 1905. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



243 



55—57, 
57—59, 

58, 
58, 59, 
59—61, 

60, 
60—62, 
61, 63, 
62—64, 
63—65, 
64—66, 
65, 66, 
66—68, 
67, 68, 
67—69, 
69—71, 
69—71, 
70—72, 
72—74, 
73—75, 

75, 

76, 
76—78, 
77—79. 



John White. 
Isaac Leida. 
Abm. S. Van Horn. 
William Feit. 
Robert Rusling. 
Philip Shoemaker. 
John C. Bennett. 
David Smith. 
William W. Strader. 
Elijah Allen. 
Charles G. Hoagland. 
Silas Young. 
Andrew J. Fulmer. 
John N. Givens. 
Nelson Vliet. 
Absalom B. Purs'ell. 
Caleb H. Valentine. 
William Silverthorn. 
Valentine Mutchler. 
Joseph Anderson. 
John M. Wyckoff. 
William Carpenter. 
Elias J. Mackey. 
Silas W. De Witt. 



79 — 81, Coursen H. Albertson. 
80—82, William Fritts. 

82, Robert Bond. 
83 — 85, Stephen C. Larison. 
83—85, Isaac Wildrick. 

86, Thomas L. Titus. 
86, 87, William M. Baird. 
87—89, Samuel B. Mutchler. 
88 — 91, Eliphalet Hoover. 
90—92, Daniel W. Hagerty. 
92—94, L. Milton Wilson. 

93, Richard H. Sheppard. 
94, 95, Samuel V. Davis. 

95, George W. Smith. 
96—98, Alfred L. Fluramerfelt. 
96—98, William K. Bowers. 
99—1901, Hiram D. White, 
99—1901, Jacob B. Smith. 

02, William R. Lalre. 
03—05, John A. Wildrick. 
06—08, Joseph H. Firth. 

09, Harry B. Moon. 
10, 11, George B. Cole. 
12, 13, 14, Henry O. Carhart. 



244 THE EXECUTIVE. 

THE EXECUTIVE. 



PREROGATIVES AND DUTIES OF THE GOVERNOR 
The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of all the mili- 
tary and naval forces of the State; is President (ex 
officio) of the Board of Trustees of Princeton anc 
Rutgers Colleges, and also of Burlington College, and 
of the Board of Managers of the Geological Survey. 
He is Chairman of the State Board of Canvassers, and 
has power to fill any vacancy for New Jersey that may 
occur In the United States Senate, during a recess 
of the Legislature. 

He is a member of the following Boards: Trustees of 
School Fund; Riparian Commissioners; Court of Par- 
dons; Commissioners of Agricultural College Fund; 
Commissioners of the State Library and State House 
Commission. 

With the advice and consent of the Senate, he has 
the power of appointing the following officers: Chan- 
cellor, Chief Justice, Judges of the Supreme Court and 
Circuit Courts, Inferior Courts and Lay Judges of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals, Attorney-General, Sec- 
retary of State, Clerk of the Court of Chancery, Clerk 
of the Supreme Court, Keeper of the State Prison, a 
Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, a Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, Prosecutors of the Pleas, 
Visitors to the State Board of Agriculture, State Board 
of Assessors, State Board of Education, Chief of Bu- 
reau of Labor Statistics, Major-General, Quartermas- 
ter-General, Adjutant-General, Supervisor of the State 
Prison, six Inspectors of the State Prison, Commis- 
sioners of Pilotage, the Board of Managers of the State 
Hospitals, Judges of the District Courts, Riparian 
Commissioners, Managers for the Homo for Feeble- 
Minded Women, Port Wardens and Harbor Masters, 
State Board of Medical Examiners, State Board of 
Equalization of Taxes, County Boards of Equalization 
of Taxes, Railroad Commissioners, Labor Commission- 
ers, State H' me for Boys, State Home for Girls, Com- 
missioners of New Jersey Reformatory, Managers 
State Home for Disabled Soldiers, Marines and Their 
Wives, State Board of Health, Commissioner of Chari- 
ties and Corrections, Managers of the State Village 
for Epileptics, Managers for Sanitorium for Tu- 
berculous Diseases, Civil Service Commissioners, 



THE EXECUTIVE. 245 

State Road Commissioner, Fish and Game Commis- 
sioners, Auditor of Accounts, Commissioner of Re- 
ports, Palisades, Inter-State Park Commission, Board 
of Tenement House Supervision. 

Without the consent of the Senate: Oyster Commis- 
sioners, Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, Foreign 
Commissioners of Deeds, Isew Jersey State Pharma- 
ceutical Association, State Board of Dentistry, Inspec- 
tors of Steamboats, Private Secretary, Notaries Public, 
Moral Instructors in the State Prison, Managers New 
Jersey Firemen's Home, Inspectors of Power Vessels, 
Railroad Policemen and other Boards and Commission- 
ers, and fill all vacancies that occur in any office during 
a recess of the Legislature, which offices are to be filled 
by the Governor and Senate, or Legislature in Joint 
Meeting; also, vacancies happening in the offices of 
Clerk or Surrogate in any county; issues warrants for 
the admission of blind and feeble-minded children into 
Institutions; grants requisitions and renditions, and 
has power to offer rewards for apprehending and se- 
curing persons charged with certain crimes; signs or 
vetoes all bills and joint resolutions passed by the 
Legislature; has power to convene the Legislature, 
or Senate alone, if, in his opinion, public necessity 
requires it; grants, under the Great Seal of the State, 
commissions to all such officers as require to be com- 
missioned; has right to borrow money for the State; 
sign all leases or grants issued by the Riparian Com- 
missioners; he has power to reprieve in cases of capi- 
tal punishment, and to suspend fines at any time not 
exceeding ninety days after conviction, and in case of 
pardon or commutation of sentence, the Governor's 
veto in the affirmative is necessary. 

Besides all these duties, the Governor finds it neces- 
sary to read and answer a large mass of correspond- 
ence, which comes to the department daily. All bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature are 
compared, and then indexed in the Executive Depart- 
ment, before presentation to the Governor. 

He receives a salary of $10,000 a year, and is not 
allowed any fees or perquisites what ever. 

His term of office is three years. 

OFFICES FILLED BY THE LEGISLATURE IN JOINT 
MEETING. 

State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Commissioners 
of Deeds and State Director of Railroads and Canals. 



246 COUNTIES, CITIES AND BOflOUGHS. 

CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTIES, CITIES 
AND BOROUGHS. 



COUNTIES. 

(See act of March 7th, chapter 8, Laws of 1911.) 

First Class — Having- a population exceeding 300,000. 
Hudson, 537,231; Essex, 512,886. 

Second Class — Having a population of not less than 
50,000 nor more than 300,000. Passaic, 215,902; Cam- 
den, 142,029; Union, 140,197; Bergen, 138,002; Mercer, 
125,657; Middlesex, 114,426; Monmouth, 94,734; Morris, 
74,704; Atlantic, 71,894; Burlington, 66,565; Cumber- 
land, 55,153. 

Third Class — Having a population of "not less than 
20,000 nor more than 50,000. Warren, 43,187; Somer- 
set, 38,820; Gloucester 37,368; Hunterdon, 33,589; 
Salem, 26,999; Sussex, 26,781; Ocean, 21,318. 

Fourth Class — All counties not embraced not within 
either the first, second or third class. Cape May, 
19,745. 

CITIES. 

(See act of March 18th, 1901.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 150,000. 
Newark, 347,469; Jersey City, 267,779. 

Second Class — Having a population of not less tnan 
12,000 nor more than 150,000. Paterson, 125.600; Tren- 
ton, 96,815; Camden, 94,538; Elizabeth, 73,409; Hoboken, 
70,324; Bayonne, 55,545; Passaic, 54,773; Perth Amboy, 
32,121; East Orange, 34,371; Orange, 29,630; New 
Brunswick, 23,388; Plainfleld, 20,550; Bridgeton, 14,209; 
Long Branch, 13,298; Millville, 12.451. 

Third Class — All cities not embraced within either 
the first or second class, except cities binding upon 
the Atlantic Ocean and being seaside and Summer 
resorts. 

Fourth Class — All cities binding upon the Atlantic 
Ocean and being seaside or Summer resorts. 

BOROUGHS. 

(See act of March 23d, 1883, and Supreme Court de- 
cision, State, Borough of Hightstown, pros., vs. 
James Glenn, 18 Vr., page 105.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 3,000. 
Second Class — Having a population between 1,500 

and 3,000. 

Third Class — All boroughs and incorporated vll- 

lag-es not contained In the first and second classes. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 247 

NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



The following is a list of the titles of newspapers pub- 
lished in the State of New Jersey, town and county where 
published, time of publication, political or special char- 
acter, and names of editors and publishers : 



■ ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

NEWS — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. Frank O. Breder, publisher. 

DER PILOT (German) — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent. Charles Kroekel, editor and 
publisher. 

SOUTH JERSEY REPUBLICAN— Hammonton. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Hoyt & Son, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

SOUTH JERSEY STAR — Hammmonton. Weekly. Thomas 

B. Delker, editor. 

ATLANTIC REVIEW — Atlantic City. Daily, every morn- 
ing except Sunday, and weekly, on Saturday. Inde- 
pendent. Review Publishing Company. Harvey Thomas, 
president and editor. 

ATLANTIC CITY DAILY PRESS— Atlantic City. Daily, 
every morning, except Sunday. Republican. Walter E. 
Edge, publisher and proprietor. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY RECORD— Mays Landing. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. E. C. Shaner, proprietor. E. 

C. Shaner and Ira T. B. Smith, editors. 

EVENING UNION— Atlantic City. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday.- Republican. Evening Union Publishing 
Company. Walter E. Edge, president. Ofl3ce in Daily 
Press Building. 

SUNDAY GAZETTE— Atlantic City. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Republican. Harry E. Smith, proprietor. James M. 
Healey. editor. 

PLEASANTVILLE PRESS— Pleasantville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. S. E. Whitman & Sons, pro- 
prietors. B. E. Whitman, editor. 

FREIE PRESSE (German)— Atlantic City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Jacob Mueller, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

VENTOR NEWS— Ventnor City (Atlantic City). Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. Carl M. Voelker, publisher. 

SOMERS POINT RECORD— Somers Point. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent. William A. Hafifert, editor and 
proprietor. 



248 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

THE EVENING RECORD — Hackensack. Evening. Repub- 
lican Evening Record Publishing Company, publishers. 
Caleb Van Husan Whitbeck, president and treasurer ; 
Evan G. Runner, secretary. 

THE BERGEN NEWS— Hackensack. Daily. Democratic. 
Democrat Publishing Company, M. J. Ford, president ; 
James Norton, secretary and treasurer. 

THE HACKENSACK REPUBLICAN— Hackensack. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Republican. Eugene K. Bird, editor and 
publisher. 

THE BERGEN COUNTY DEMOCRAT — Hackensack. 
Weekly. Democratic. Democrat Publishing Company, M. 
J. Ford, president. 

CARLSTADT FREIE PRESSE (German) — Carlstadt. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. August Moench, 
editor. 

THE ENGLEWOOD PRESS— Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Joseph H. Tillotson, editor and 
proprietor. 

RECORD. — Tenafly. Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. 
Tenafly Publishing Company. J. Z. Demarest, editor. 

THE NEWS— Ridgewood. Weekly, on Friday. F. A. Bax- 
ter, publisher. 

THE PARK RIDGE LOCAL— Park Ridge. Published 
weekly, on Wednesday. James B. H. Storms and John C. 
Storms, editors and proprietors. 

RUTHERFORD AMERICAN— Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. John E. Tyler, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

RUTHERFORD REPUBLICAN— Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Rutherford Publishing Company. Republi- 
can. Frank P. Newman, editor. 

THE ENTERPRISE— East Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. The Petrie Press, publisher. 

THE BOROUGH ADVERTISER— East Rutherford. Weekly. 
Independent. Yah Lee, editor. 

THE SENTINEL— Fort Lee. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. J. N. Race, publisher. 

THE NEWS-LETTER— Hasbrouck Heights. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Alonzo Chamberlain, editor and publisher. 

THE PALISADE POST— Grantwood. Weekly. Democratic. 
MoiTis McDermott, publisher. 

RIDGEFIELD PARK BULLETIN— Weekly, on Thursday. 
Independent. Charles Enders. editor. 

RIDGEWOOD HERALD— Weekly, on Thursday. Republi- 
can. Brainard G. Smith, editor and proprietor. 

THE RAMSEY JOURNAL— Ramsey. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. John Y. Dater, Jr., editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 249 

THE SATURDAY REVIEW — Bergenfield. Weekly. Inde- 
pendent. The Bergenfield Press. Wm. R. and Milton O. 
Jones, Jr., proprietors. William R. Jones, editor. 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY MIRROR — Mount Holly. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. Charles H. Folwell, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE MOUNT HOLLY HERALD — Mount Holly. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. William B. Wills, editor and 
proprietor. 

NEWS — Mount Holly. Weekly, on Tuesday. Republican. 
H. L. Walters. George W. Hand and Joseph C. Kingdon, 
proprietors. J. C. Kingdon, editor. 

BURLINGTON GAZETTE— Burlington. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Dr. R. B. Glasgow, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE NEW JERSEY ENTERPRISE — Burlington. Daily, in 
the afternoon. Republican. Enterprise Company, pub- 
lisher. I. Snowden Haines, editor. 

BORDE'NTOWN REGISTER— Bordentown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. James D. Magee. editor. 

BEVERLY BANNER— Beverly. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent. L. W. Perkins, editor and proprietor. 

MOORESTOWN CHRONICLE AND REPUBLICAN — 
Moorestown. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent. W. J. 
Lovell. editor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY PRESS— Riverside. Weekly, on 
Friday. . Independent. Hiram D. Torrie, Jr., editor and 
proprietor. 

THE NEW ERA — Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Riverton. Walter L. Bowen, publisher. J. D. Janney, 
M.D.. editor. 

THE WEEKLY NEWS— ^Palmyra. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. C. F. Sleeper, editor and proprietor. 

THE CENTRAL RECORD— Marlton. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Charles Holmes, editor and proprietor. 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 

WEST JERSEY PRESS— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sinnickson Chew & Sons' Company, pub- 
lishers and proprietors. Harry C. Dole, editor. 

CAMDEN POST-TELEGRAM— Camden. Daily, in the af- 
ternoon. Republican. Post-Telegram Company, pro- 
prietors. Upton S. Jeflferys, editor. F. F. Patterson, Jr., 
manager. 

THE COURIER — Camden. Daily, in the afternoon. Re- 
publican. Courier Publishing Association, proprietors. 



250 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

NEW JERSEY GAZETTE — Camden. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Gazette Publishing Co., Inc., publishers. 

CAMDEN COUNTY JOURNAL (German) — Camden. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. Camden Journal Publishing 
Co., publishers. Otto Erdlen, editor. 

ADVERTISER — Gloucester City. Weekly, on, Saturday. 
Democratic. Fred. R. Jenkins, editor and publisher. 

THE TRIBUNE — Haddonfield. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. The Tribune Publishing Co., publishers. W. G. 
Tavlor, manager. 

the' CAMDEN TIMES— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. John J. Tischner. publisher. 

CAMDEN ARGUS AND EAST SIDE PRESS— Camden. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Thursday. William H. Jefferys, 
St., editor and publisher. 

MERCHANTVILLE TIMES— Merchantville. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Herbert Freeman, editor and publisher. 

MERCHANTVILLE REVIEW— Merchantville. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. James Lewis, editor. 

HADDHN GAZETTE— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Friday. 
Allen Clymer, editor and publisher. 

MAGNOLIA PRESS— Magnolia. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Republican. C. J. Klein, publisher. 

THE SOUTH JERSEY NEWS— Stratford. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. T. S. Rush, editor. 

LAUREL SPRINGS COURIER— Laurel Springs. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Samuel S. Cord, editor and publisher. 

COLLINGSWOOD HERALD— CoUingswood. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Herald Publishing Company, 
publishers. Herbert E. Freeman, editor. 

THE ADVERTISER— Berlin. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. Advertiser Publishing Company, publishers. 



CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

CAPE MAY STAR AND WAVE— Cape May City. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Saturday, also morning during 
July and August. Star and Wave Publishing Company. 
Albert Reeve Hand, manager. 

CAPE MAY HERALD— Cape May City. Republican. 
Weekly, on Friday afternoon, also morning during July 
and August. Charles L. Brownmiller, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY GAZETTE — Cape May Court House. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. Alfred Cooper, editor 
and publisher. 

SENTINEL — Ocean City. Weekly, on Thursday. Republi- 
can. R. Curtis Robinson, editor and proprietor. 

FIVE-MILE BEACH JOURNAL— Wildwood. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday. Jed Dubois, editor and pro- 
prietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 251 

OCEAN CITY LEDGER— Weekly, on Saturday. Prohibition. 
New Jersey Methodist Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Rev. James E. Lake, editor. 

FIVE-MILE BEACH SUN— Wildwood. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. T. C. Hamilton. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY TIMES— Sea Isle City. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independient Republican. S. Twitchel, pub- 
lisher. 

COAST REPORTER — Avalon. Independent. Weekly, on 
Friday. Cornelius Mahan, editor. Peermont P. O. 

SEA ISLE CITY REVIEW— Sea Isle City. Independent. 
Weekly, on Thursday. L. I. Bussey, editor. Sea Isle 
City Publishing Company, publishers. 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

BRIDGETON EVENING NEWS— Bridgeton. Republican. 
Evening News Company, publishers. J. W. Richardson, 
editor and manager. 

BRIDGETON PIONEER — Bridgeton. Daily and weekly. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. George W. Mc Cowan, 
editor and publisher. 

NEW JERSEY PATRIOT— Bridgeton. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. John Cheeseman, editor and publisher. 

DOLLAR WEEKLY NEW^S— Bridgeton. Independent. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Evening News Company, pub- 
lishers. 

WEEKLY INDEPENDENT— Vineland. Weekly, on i'riday. 
Populist. J. J. Streeter, editor and publisher. 

THE EVENING JOURNAL— Vineland. Afternoon. Demo- 
cratic. B. Franklin Ladd, editor. 

MILLVILLE REPUBLICAN AND REPORTER— Millville. 
Evening. Republican. Millville Republican and Publish- 
ing Company, publishers. W. E. Middleton, editor. 

THE ADVERTISER— Port Norris. Weekly. Harry C. Bar- 
raclough, editor and publisher. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 

NEWARK EVENING NEWS— Newark. Afternoon. Inde- 
pendent. Evening News Publishing Company. Wallace 
M. Scudder, publisher ; Edward W. Scudder, editor. 

THE MORNING STAR— Newark. Independent. Every 
morning, Sundays excepted. Newark Daily Advertiser 
Publishing Company. James Smith, Jr., president 
George D. Smith, general manager. John J. Leidy, editor. 

THE EVENING STAR AND NEW^ARK ADVERTISER— 
Newark. Independent. Newark Daily Advertiser Pub- 
lishing Company. James Smith, Jr., president. George 
D. Smith, general manager. John' J. Leidy, editor. 



252 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

NEW JERSEY FREIE ZEITUNG (German)— Newark. 
Daily, also Sunday edition. Republican. Mrs. B. Prieth, 
proprietress. William Katzeler, editor. Benedict Prieth, 
business manager. 

SUNDAY CALL — Newark. Weekly, on Sunday. Inde- 
pendent. The Newark Call Printing and Publishing Com- 
pany, publishers. G. Wisner Thorne, president and treas- 
urer. C. G. Van Gorden, secretary. William T. Hunt, 
G. Wisner Thorne and Louis Hannoch, directors. William 
T. Hunt, editor. 

SENTINEL OF FREEDOM— Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Published by the Advertiser Publishing Company. 

DER ERZAHLER (German) — Newark. Sunday edition of 
New Jersey Freie Zeitung. Weekly, on Sunday. Republi- 
can. Published at the New Jersey Freie Zeitung oflSce. 

UNION (Colored) — Orange. Saturday. Republican. George 
R. Pratt, editor. 

NEWARK PIONEER (German) — Newark. Weekly. Inde- 
pendent. F. E. Adler & Co., publishers. 

TOWN TALK — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent 
Democratic. T. E. Burke and Herman E. L. Beyer, edi- 
tors and publishers. 

^KW JERSEY TRADE REVIEW— Newark. Semi-monthly. 
Commercial. Paul V. Flynn, editor and publisher. 

RAILROAD EMPLOYEE— Newark. Monthly. Benjamin E. 
Chapin, editor and publisher. 

THE MONITOR — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Catholic. 
The Monitor Company. Rev. Wm. P. Cantwell, editor-in- 
chief. 

THE ISSUE— Newark. Weekly. Anti-Saloon. Joseph M. 
Collier, editor. 

FRUSTA LA (Italian) — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. 

LA MONTAGNA (THE MOUNTAIN) (Italian)— Newark. 
Republican. Weekly, on Saturday. F. A. Fiore, editor. 

THE REVIEW— LA RI VISTA (Italian and English)— New- 
ark. Weekly. Richard F. Mattia, proprietor. 

KRONIKA (Polish) — Newark. Weekly, on Thursday. Po- 
litical, industrial and commercial. Kronika Publishing 
Company, proprietors. Managing editor, Boleslaw J. 
Strzelecki. 

L'ORA — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. Pas- 
quale Matulla, editor and proprietor. 

THE DAILY CHRONICLE— Orange. Daily. Republican. 
The Chronicle Publishing Company. Charles Starr, editor 
and general manager. 

THE ORANGE ADVERTISER— Orange. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Orange Advertiser Publishing Com- 
pany. Robert Wright, president. F. C. Shann. editor. 

ORANGE VOLKSBOTE (German)— Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent Republican. John F. Kern, edi- 
tor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 253 

THE ORANGE ADVOCATE — Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. Frank W. Baldwin, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

AMERICAN LABOR STANDARD — Orange. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Edgar M^'illiamson, editor and proprietor. 

LA VERITA — Orange. Weekly. Independent. Jolin Pon- 
zini, owner. Loui De Fabretti, editor. 

EAST ORANGE RECORD— East Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. L. C. Gilles, editor and publisher. 

THE BLOOMPIELD CITIZEN— Bloomfield. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. William A. Ritscher, Jr., editor and 
proprietor. 

THE INDEPENDENT PRESS— Bloomfield. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Press Publishing Co., publishers. 

MONTCLAIR TIMES — Montclair. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Established 1877 by A. C. Studer, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONTCLAIR HERALD— Montclair. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Mulliken & Bowne, publishers. 

ESSEX COUNTY ECHO— Montclair. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. Harry J. Doyle, editor and publisher. 

THE HOME NEWS— Maplewood. Weekly. Independent. 
Suburban Publishing Company. J. Kempson, editor. 

THE SHORT HILLS ITEM— Short Hills. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Frank Wright, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE CALDWELL NEWS— Caldwell. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Samuel Doctor, editor. 

THE CALDWELL PROGRESS— Caldwell. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. The Progress Publishing Company. 
William H. Van Wart, editor and publisher. 

SUN — Nutley. Weekly, on Friday. James D. Foy, pub- 
lisher, 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

THE CONSTITUTION- Woodbury. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Republican. The Constitution . Company, publishers. 
Louis W. Albright, editor. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEMOCRAT— W^oodbury. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. J. D. Carpenter, editor and 
publisher. 

WEEKLY ITEM — Newfield. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. J. Hampton Leonard, editor and publisher. 

ENTERPRISE — Glassboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. A. M. SeabTook, editor and publisher. 

THE NEWS — Swedesboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
Wilbur Knight Sloan, editor and publisher. 

W^OODBURY DAILY TIMES— Woodbury. Daily, except 
Sunday. Independent-Republican. J. Frank Wilson, edi- 
tor and publisher. 

THE SUN — Paulsboro. W^eekly, on Friday. Republican, 
Charles M. Gwilliam, editor and publisher. 



254 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

^ HUDSON COUNTY. 

THE JERSEY JOURNAL— Jersey City. Afternoon. Re- 
publican. Evening Journal Association, publishers. 
Joseph A. Dear, editor. 

JERSEY CITY HERALD— Jersey City. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. The Herald Company, proprietors. John J. 
McHugh, editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY INDEPENDENT— Jersey City. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. William H. Mclntyre, editor 
and owner. 

THE LABOR WORLD— Jersey City and New York. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. Leon C, Sutton, editor and 
publisher.. 

JUSTICE— Jersey City. Offi'ial organ of the liquor in- 
terests of the State. First and third Tuesdays in each 
month. J. H. Buckridge, managing editor. 

THE OBSERVER— Hoboken. Afternoon. Democratic. Ho- 
boken Printing and Publishing Company, publishers. Matt 
C. Ely, editor. 

THE INQUIRER — Hoboken. Weekly, on Saturday. Demo- 
cratic. Philip Daab, proprietor. W. W. Baxter, editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DEMOCRAT (German) — Hoboken. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. William Faas, pub- 
lisher and editor. 

BAYONNE HERALD — Bayonne. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. Estate af H. C. Page, publishers. Hugh H. 
Mara, editor. 

EVENING TIMES AND BAYONNE DAILY TIMES— Dally, 
except Sunday. Independent. Evening Times Printing 
and Publishing Company, proprietors. Louis H. Vultee, 
editor. 

THE DAILY REVIET^'— Bayonne. Afternoon. Proctor 
Publishing Co. J. T. R. Proctor, editor. 

BAYONNE DEMOCRAT— Bayonne. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Michael R. Fieel, editor and proprietor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DISPATCH— Union Hill. Daily. In- 
dependent Democratic. Thomas F. Martin, editor. 

KEARNY RECORD— Harrison. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Democratic. Philip A. McAviney, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE OBSERVER— Arlington. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. W. W. Beadell, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

WEST HUDSON PRESS— Kearny. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Headley & Brophy, publishers. George V. 
Headley, editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY REVUE (German)— Town of Union. 
Democratic. Weekly, on Saturday. Robert Benning, 
owner. Paul E. Nehring, editor. 

NORTH HUDSON NEWS— West Hoboken. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Dixie Anzer, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS.. 255 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Flemington. Weekly, 
on Tuesday. Democratic. Anthony Killgore, editor and 
proprietor. 

DEMOCRAT-ADVERTISER— Flemington. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. H. M. Voorhees, editor and proprietor. 

HUNTERDON REPUBLICAN— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. Webster & Abbott, editors and 
proprietors. 

THE BEACON — Lambertville. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Phineas K. Hazen & Son, proprietors. J. N. 
Hazen. editor. 

THE LAMBERTVILLE RECORD — Lambertville. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Theodore G. Kitchen, editor. 
Wickecheoke Corporation, owners. 

THE CLINTON* DEMOCRAT — Clinton. Semi-weekly, on 
Tuesday and Friday. Democratic. John S. Carpenter, edi- 
tor and publisher. 

HUNTERDON INDEPENDENT— Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. J. B. Stout, editor' and publisher. 

THE FRENCHTOWN STAR— Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. William H. Sipes, editor and 
publisher. 

MILFORD LEADER— Milford. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. W. H. Farrand, proprietor and editor. 

WEEKLY AVALANCHE— Glen Gardner. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. E. W. Rush, editor and publisher. 

THE HUNTERDON GAZETTE— High Bridge. Weekly, on 
Thursday." Independent. High Bridge Printing Company, 
proprietor. Harry C. Van Dervcer, editor. 

WEEKLY REVIEW^ — White House Station. Independent. 
F. R. Shampanore, publisher and editor. 



MERCER COUNTY. 

STATE GAZETTE— Trenton. Daily. Independent. The 
State Gazette Publishing Company, proprietors. Thomas 
B. Holmes, editor. Charles H. Baker, business manager. 

THE TRENTON EVENING TIMES — Trenton. Afternoon. 
Independent. Trenton Times Company, publishers. James 
Kerney, editor. Owen Moon, .Jr., business manager. 

THE NEW JERSEY STAATS JOURNAL (German)— Tren- 
ton. Weekly. Republican. William Zenzer, editor and 
proprietoi-. 

SUNDAY TIMES-ADVERTISER— Trenton. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Independent. Trenton Times, proprietors. Thomas 
F. Waldron, editor. Owen Moon, Jr., business manager. 

TRADES UNION ADVOCATE— Trenton. Weekly, Friday. 
Labor. Reuben Forker, editor and publisher. 



256 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPEHS. 

THE MAGYAR HIRLAP (Hungarian News)— Trenton. 
Hungarian. \Vecl<ly. Independent. Louis Warady, pro- 
prietor. 

LA BATTAGLIA (Italian)— Trenton. Weelily. Joseph 
Schiavoni, publisher, 

L'lTALO AMERICANO (Italian) — Trenton. Weekly. 
Michael Comiui, manager. 

HIGHTSTOWN GAZETTE— Hightstown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. George P. Dennis, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

PRINCETON PRESS — Princeton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Edwin M. Norris, editor and proprietor. 

THE DAILY PRINCETONIAN — Princeton. Published 
daily, except Sundays, during the college year. Devoted 
to the interests of Princeton University. Edited by stu- 
dents. 

THE HOPEWELL HERALD— Hopewell. AVeekly, on Tues- 
day. Independent. Race & Savidge, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

THE PENNINGTON POST— Pennington. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesdays. W. B. R. Mason, publisher and 
proprietor. T. D. Durling, editor. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

THE HOME NEWS — New Brunswick. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. Home News Publishing Com- 
pany, proprietors. Hugh Boyd, president ; Arthur H. 
Boyd, secretary and treasurer. William B. Boyd, vice 
president. 

THE WEEKLY HOME NEWS— New Brunswick. Published 
every Thursday afternoon. Independent. Arthur H. 
Boyd, editor. 

THE TIMES — New Brunswick. Afternoon. Independent 
The Times Publishing Company, J. David Stern, presi 
dent. S. M. Christie, editor. 

THE CHRONICLE — Perth Amboy. Daily. Independent 
Perth Amboy Chronicle Publishing Company, publishers 
Wilbur G. Miller, editor. 

THE EVENING NEWS— Perth Amboy. Daily. Independ 
ent. Perth Amboy Evening News Company. J. Logan 
Clevenger, editor. 

UNION BULLETIN— Perth Amboy. Monthly. Labor or- 
gan. Arthur A. Quinn, publisher. 

THE LEADER— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pqndent. Woodbridge Printery, publishers. Mark J. 
Boyle, editor. 

THE RECORDER— Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. Charles A. Prickitt, editor and 
proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 257 

THE ADVANCE — Jamesburg. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Printed and published by the New Jersey State School 
for Boys. P. L. Foster, editor. 

THE CITIZEN — South Amboy. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. South Amboy Printing Company, publishers, 

THE PRESS— Cranbury. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
George W. Burroughs, editor. Press Printing Company, 
proprietors. 

THE DUNELLEN WEEKLY CALL^ — Dunellen. Weekly, on 
Thursday. George W. Day, proprietor. 

THE ROOSEVELT WEEKLY — Roosevelt. Democratic. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Published by the Roosevelt Pub- 
lishing Company. 

THE ROOSEVELT NEWS — Roosevelt. Republican. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Published by The News Publishing Com- 
pany. Thomas Yorke, manager. 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

THE MONMOUTH INQUIRER— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Maxcy Applegate, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONMOUTH DEMOCRAT— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Joseph A. Yard, editor and man- 
ager. ' . 

THE TRANSCRIPT — Freehold. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Moreau Bros. (Alex. L. Moreau), publishers and 
proprietors. 

NEW JERSEY STANDARD— Red Bank. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. William A. Sweeney, editor. Standard 
Publishing Company, proprietors. 

RED BANK REGISTER — Red Bank. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Independent. John H. Cook, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT ENTERPRISE— Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. A. F. Walling, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT WEEKLY — Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. Pro- 
gressive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE LONG BRANCH RECORD— Long Branch. Daily and, 
weekly, on Friday. Independent Democratic. F. M. Tay- 
lor Publishing Company. Charles L. Edwards, manager ; 
Benj. Boisseau Bobbitt, editor. 

THE LONG BRANCH PRESS— Long Branch. Weekly. In- 
dependent. Long Branch Press Company. W. J. Smythe, 
Jr., editor. 

THE MATAWAN JOURNAL— Matawan. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Progressive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, 
editor and proprietor. 

THE SHORE PRESS— Asbury Park. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Democratic. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietor. 
17 



258 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE EVENING PRESS— Asbury Park. Daily. Democratic. 
J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietoi'. 

THE MORNING PRESS— Asbury Parle. Daily during June, 
July, August and September. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE PEOPLE'S ADVOCATE— Asbury Park. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. William K. Fenn, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE ASBURY PARK TIMES— Asbury Park. Daily in after- 
noon, Sundays excepted. Independent. Asbury Park Pub- 
lishing Company. George Brooks Armstead, editor. 

OCEAN GROVE TIMES— Ocean Grove. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. J. E. Quinn, editor. George F. Rainear, 
proprietor. 

THE ADVERTISER — Eatontown. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. William T. Cole,- editor, publisher and pro- 
prietor. 

THE COAST STAR — Manasquan. Weekly, on Friday. Re- 
publican. Tracy M. Hoskins, editor and proprietor. 

MANASQUAN NEWS — Manasquan. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Theo. F. Hults, editor and proprietor. 

THE COAST ADVERTISER— Belmar. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. Lloyd I. Seaman, editor and publisher. 

THE JOURNAL— Atlantic Highlands. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. The Journal Company, proprietors. 
Harry B. Hart, editor. 

SPRING LAKE GAZETTE— Spring Lake Beach. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. John L. Coflan, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

MONMOUTH PRESS — Atlantic Highlands. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. Co-operative Press Company, pub- 
lishers. William J." Leonard, editor. 

SEA BRIGHT SENTINEL — Sea Bright. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Co-operative Press Company, pub- 
lishers. William J. Leonard, editor. 

SEA BRIGHT NEwS — Sea Bright. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sea Bright Publishing Company. P. Hall 
Packer, editor. 

ALLENTOWN MESSENGER— Weekly, on Thursday. J. W. 

Naylor, editor and publisher. 
. THE SEACOAST NEWS— Bradley Beach. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. C. Arthur Hall, editor and publisher. 

HIGHLANDS HERALD— Highlands. On Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Co-operative Press Company, publishers. Wil- 
liam J. Leonard, editor. 

RED BANK INDEPENDENT — Red Bank. On Saturday. 
Independent. Co-operative Press Company, publishers. 
William J. Leonard, editor. 

RUMSON REVIEW — Rumson. On Saturday. Independent. 
Co-operative Press Company, publishers. William J. Leon- 
ard, editor. 

THE BEACON — Keansburg. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 259 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

THE JERSEYMAN — Morristown. Weekly, on Friday. Re- 
publican. Pierson & Surdam, proprietors. I. R. Pierson, 
editor. 

TRUE DBjVIOCRATIC BANNER — Morristown. Weekly, on 
TliuTsday. Democratic. Louis A. Vogt, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE MORRIS COUNTY CHRONICLE — Morristown. Weekly, 
on Tuesday. Republican. Pierson & Surdam, publishers, 

MORRIS COUNTY PRESS — Morristown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Edward A. Quayle, editor. Smith & 
Thorp, publishers. 

THE DAILY RECORD — Morristown. Independent. E. H. 
Tomlinson, proprietor. 

THE IRON ERA — Dover. Tuesday and Friday. Republi- 
can. Era Publishing Company. F. E. Porter, editor. 

DOVER INDEX — Dover. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. 
Frank F. Hummell, editor and proprietor. 

THE DOVER ADVANCE — Dover. Semi-weekly, Mondays 
and Thursdays. Republican. Harry R. Gill, editor and 
publisher. 

THE BULLETIN — Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. Samuel L. Garrison, editor and publisher. 

THE TIMES — Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Independ- 
ent. Charles L. Grubb, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE — Madison. Weekly, on Friday. Independent 
Republican. J. E. Clarey, editor and publisher, 

THE RECORD— Rockaway. Weekly, on Friday. Independ- 
ent. Sidney Collins, editor and publisher. 

THE STANHOPE EAGLE— Xetcong. Independent. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. George T. Keech, editor and proprietor. 

CHATHAM PRESS— Chatham. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. J. Thomas Scott, editor and proprietor. 

THE BUTLER ARGUS— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. A. 
M. MacLeod and J. White, editors and publishers. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY COURIER— Toms River. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. W. H. Fischer, editor and proprietor, 

NEW JERSEY TRIBUNE— Toms River. Weekly, on 
Thursday, Ocean County Publishing Company, Fred L, 
Bunnell, editor. 

TIMES AND JOURNAL— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent, Times and Journal Publishing Company. 
H. Douglas Rhodes, editor and manager. 

THE BEACON— Point Pleasant. Weekly, on Saturday, 
Fred, C. Havens, editor and proprietor. 

THE TUCKERTON BEACON— Tuckerton. Weekly. Moss 
Mathis, editor and publisher. 



260 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

LAKE WOOD CITIZEN— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Republican. Harry T. Hagaman, editor and 
publisher. 

PRESS — New Egypt. Weekly, on Friday, Moore Bros., pub- 
lishers. W. Clement Moore, editor. 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

PATERSON GUARDIAN — Paterson. Daily, afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Democratic. Guardian Printing and Pub- 
lishing Company, publishers and proprietors, Clarence 
H. Baxter, editor ; Henry L. Berdan, manager, 

THE PATERSON PRESS — Paterson. Daily, afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Republican. Press Chronicle Company, 
publishers and proprietors. William B. Bryant, business 
manager ; John L. Matthews, editor. 

THE MORNING CALL— Paterson. Daily, except Sunday. 
Republican. Call Printing and Publishing Company, pro- 
prietors and publishers. Joseph E. Crowell, editor ; John 
Toole, business manager. 

EVENING NEWS — Paterson. Daily, afternoon, except Sun- 
day. Independent, News Pi-inting and Publishing .Com- 
pany, proprietors. H. B. Haines, editor ; J, C. Levine, 
business manager. 

SUNDAY CHRONICLE— Paterson. Sunday. Independent. 
Press Chronicle Company, publishers and proprietors. 
William B. Bryant, manager ; John L. Matthews, editor. 

DE TELEGRAF (Holland)— Paterson. Weekly. Republi- 
can. Cornelius Poelstra, publisher and editor. 

HET OOSTEN (Holland) — Paterson. Weekly. Independent. 
Lent & Overpeck, publishers. 

IL MASSAGGERO (Italian)— Paterson. Weekly. V. D. 
Ainto, editor. 

PASSAIC HERALD — Passaic. Daily, afternoon, except 
Sunday. Democratic. Robert G. Bremner, editor and 
publisher. 

PASSAIC DAILY NEWS— Passaic. Daily, afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. George M. Hartt. editor. 
News Publishing Company, proprietors and publishers. 
James T. Barker, business manager. 

THE BULLETIN— Pompton Lakes. Weekly. H. L. Wells 
& Son, publishers. 

WOCHENBLATT (German) — Passaic. Saturday. Mrs. M. 
E. Lindensthrut, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE— Little Falls. Weekly. James Steel, editor 
and proprietor, 

SLOVAK REVIEW (Slavish)— Passaic. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. Julius M. Pletenik, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

POLISH WEEKLY NEWS — Passaic. Weekly. Independent. 
John Wegrzynski, editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 261 

DIE TZEIT (Jewish) — Passaic. Weekly, on Friday. Soci- 
alist. Die Tzeit Publishing Company. Charles Dann, 
secretary. 

SZABAD SAJTO (Hungarian) — Passaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. H. Virag, publisher. 

PASSAIC REVUE (German)— Passaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. Carl Posewitz, publisher. 

THE CLIFTON PRESS— Clifton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Leon L. Hortsmann, proprietor and editor. 



SALEM COUNTY. 

SALEM STANDARD AND JERSEYMAN— Salem. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Standard and Jerseyman 
Company, publishers. William H. Chew, editor. 

SALEM SUNBEAM— Salem. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Robert Gwynne, editor. Sunbeam Publishing 
Company, publishers. 

THE MONITOR-REGISTER— Woodstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Benjamin Patterson, proprietor. 

PENNSGROVE RECORD — Pennsgrove. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. W. A. Summerill, proprietor. 

ELMER TIMES — Elmer. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. 
S. P. Foster, editor. Elmer Times Company, publishers. 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 

THE SOMERSET MESSENGER— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Democratic. J. B. Vaxley, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE UNIONIST-GAZETTE— Somerville. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. The Unionist-Gazette Association, pub- 
lishers. Charles H. Bateman, editor and manager. 

THE SOMERSET DEMOCRAT— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. E. M. Wright, editor and pro- 
prietor. Carlton P. Hoagland, manager. 

BOUND BROOK CHRONICLE— Bound Brook. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. W. B. R. Mason, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

STATE CENTRE-RECORD— Bound Brook. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Daniel D. Clark, Jr., editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE NEWS — Bernardsville. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. L. R. Trumbull, editor. 

THE RECORDER — Bernardsville. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent. Recorder Publishing Company, proprietors. 
L. D. Anderson, editor. 

NORTH PLAINFIELD WEEKLY REVIEW— North Plain- 
field. Weekly, on Thursday. Indeppndent. David J. 
Carney, editor and proprietor. 



262 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 

THE SUSSEX REGISTER — Newton. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Republican. Whitfield Gibbs, editor and publisher. Robert 
E. Foster, assistant editor. 

THE NEW JERSEY HERALD— Newton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Jacob L. Bunnell and Martin J. Cox, 
editors and proprietors. Hency C. Bonnell, assistant edi- 
tor. 

SUSSEX INDEPENDENT— Sussex. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. J. J. Stanton and C. G. Wilson, editors. 

THE WANTAGE RECORDER— Sussex. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. C. E. Stickney, editor. 

THE MILK REPORTER — Sussex. Monthly. Agriculture. 
John J. Stanton, editor and proprietor. 



UNION COUNTY. 

ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAL— Elizabeth. Afternoon. 
Republican. Augustus S. Crane, publisher. Geo. W. 
Swift, editor. 

THE EVENING TIMES— Elizabeth. Democratic. The 
Elizabeth Printing and Publishing Company. L. T. Rus- 
sell, owner and editor. 

THE REVUE— Elizabeth. German. Weekly. E. G. Gom- 
mel, publisher. 

THE RAHWAY RECORD — Rahway. Semi-weekly. Inde- 
pendent. Rahway Publishing Company, publishers. H. 
B. Rollinson, president and editor. 

PLAINFIELD DAILY PRESS— Plainfield. Independent. 
Published by the Plainfield Press Company, J. Franklin 
Fort, president. Leslie R. Fort and Ralph L. Morrow, 
editors and managers. 

THE PLAINFIELD COURIER-NEWS— Plainfield. After- 
noon. Republican. Courier News Publishing Company. 
Charles Hamilton Frost, manager. 

THE SUMMIT RECORD — Summit. Democratic. Weekly. 
Alfred J. Lane, editor and proprietor. 

THE SUMMIT HERALD— Summit. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. J. W. Clift, publisher and proprietor. Fred 
W. Clift, editor. 

THE UNION COUNTY STANDARD— Westfleld. Weekly, on 
Friday. The Standard Publishing Concern. Byron M. 
Prugh, managing editor. 

THE CRANFORD CHRONICLE — Weekly, on TliuTsday. 
John Alfred Potter, editor and publisher. 

THE CRANFORD CITIZEN— Cranford. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. James R. Warner, editor and man- 
ager. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 263 

THE WESTFIELD LEADER — Westfleld. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. Westfield Leader Publishing 
and Printing Company, proprietors. Walter J. Lee, edi- 
tor. 

THE PASSAIC VALLEY NEWS — New Providence. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Willis Fletcher Johnson,- 
editor and publisher. 

THE REVIEW — Roselle Park. Weekly, on Friday. Blakeny 
& McDevitt, managers. 



WARREN COUNTY. 

BELVIDERE APOLLO— Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. J. Madison Drake, Jr., editor and proprietor. 

THE WARREN JOURNAL — Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. Smith Bros., editors and publishers. 

HACKETTSTOWN GAZETTE — Haekettstown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Charles Rittenhouse, editor and 
publisher. 

WARREN REPUBLICAN— Haekettstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Curtis Bros., proprietors. George P. 
Curtis, editor. 

THE WASHINGTON STAR— Washington. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Charles L. Stryker, editor and 
(proprietor. 

THE BLAIRSTOWN PRESS— Blairstown. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. DeWitt C. Carter, editor and 
publisher, 

THE WARREN TIDINGS— Washington. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Independent. The Tidings Publishing Company. 
Dr. L. M. Lanning, editor. 

PHILLIPSBURG DAILY PRESS— Phillipsburg. Daily. In- 
dependent. T. F. McPherson, manager. Elmer C. Pratt, 
editor. 



264 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS- 
SUMMAKY. 



County. 



Atlantic 

Bergen 

Burlington .... 

Camden 

Cape May 

Cumberland .. . 

Essex 

Gloucester .... 

Hudson 

Hunterdon .... 

Mercer 

Middlesex .... 
Monmouth .... 

Morris 

Ocean 

Passaic 

Salem 

Somerset 

Sussex 

Union 

Warren 









a 


o 


g 






bi 


ti 




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i 


-^3 

a 


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B 




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« 


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-s 


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OJ 


o 


o 




o 


o 


^ 


H 


^ 


tf 


G 


HH 


O 


H 


2 


1 


10 


7 




6 


2 


13 




1 


17 


10 


2 


7 




19 




1 


11 


3 


2 


7 


. . 


12 




2 


15 


9 


o 


6 


1 


17 






10 


6 




4 




10 




3 


5 


3 


2 


3 




8 




3 


28 


9 


2 


23 


4 


35 




1 


6 


4 


2 


1 




7 




5 


13 


2 


7 


9 


2 


18 






12 


1 


5 


6 




12 




1 


11 


2 




11 


i 


13 




5 


9 


2 


2 


10 




14 




3 


26 


8 


9 


13 




30 






14 


6 


3 


5 




15 






7 


2 




5 




7 




5 


13 


2 


2 


9 


2 


19 






5 


2 


2 


1 




5 






8 


3 


2 


3 




8 






4 


1 


2 


2 




5 




4 


9 


4 


2 


8 


1 


14 




1 


7 


2 


3 


3 




8 


9 


36 


240 


88 


51 


142 


12 


289 



Total 

There are 5 Sunday, 7 semi-weekly and 2 monthly papers 
in the State. Labor. 2 ; Socialist, 2, and one each as fol- 
lows : Religious, College, Prohibition, Populist, Trade, Agri- 
cultural, Railroad Employes, Liquor Interests, Anti-Saloon, 
State Home for Boys. Ten are published in the Italian 
language, 3 Hungarian, 2 Holland, 2 Slavish, 2 Polish and 1 
Hebrew. 

NEW JERSEY PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

President, D. P. Olmstead, Perth Amboy News ; vice- 
president, J. Ward Richardson, Bridgeton Evening News ; 
secretary, John W. Clift, Summit Herald ; treasurer, W. B. 
R. Mason, Bound Brook Chronicle. 

Executive Committee^J. D. Carpenter, Woodbury Demo- 
crat ; Augustus S. Crane, Elizabeth Journal ; Walter M. 
Dear, Jersey Journal ; J. Z. Demarest, Tenafly Rerord ; J. 
L. Kinmonth, Asbury Park Press ; J. W. Naylor, Allentown 
Messenger ; John Toole, Paterson Call. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 265 

THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 



(For the year ending October 31st, 1914.) 

CHAPTER 330. 
An act making appropriations for the support of the State 

government and for the several public purposes for the 

fiscal year ending October 31st, 1914. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and General Assembly of the 
State of New Jersey: 

1. The following sums, or so much thereof as inay be 
necessary, be and they are appropriated out of the State 
fund for the respective public officers and for the several 
purposes herein specified, for the fiscal year ending on the 
31st day of 0<5tober, in the year 1914, namely : 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

For the Governor, for salary, $10,000 ; 

For the Secretary to the Governor, for salary, .$4,000 ; 

For compensation for assistants in the Executive Depart- 
ment, $4,800 ; 

For blanks and stationery for the use of the Executive 
Department, $1,000; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Executive Department, $2,000. 

OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER. 

For the Comptroller, for salary, $6,000; 

For the Deputy Comptroller, for salary, $3,600 ; 

For compensation for clerical services and expenses, $8,100 ; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Comptroller, $1,500 ; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Comptroller's office, $1,700. 

OFFICE OP THE TREASURER. 

For the Treasurer, for salary, $6,000 ; 

For salary of Deputy Treasurer, $4,500 ; 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of the 
Treasurer, $12,400 ; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Treasurer, $1,000 ; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of the Treasurer, $850. 

OFFICES OF THE STATE COMPTROLLER AND STATE 
TREASURER. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of Chapter 
288 of the Laws of 1907, $5,000. 



266 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE. 

For. the Secretary of State, for salary, $6,000; 

For the Assistant Secretary of State, for salary, $3,000 ; 

For compensation for clerical services in the oflBce of the 
Secretary of State, $22,000 ; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of Secretary of State, $4,000. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Secretary of State, $9,000. 

For preserving old records by the Emery process, $1,000. 

For compiling the primary and general election laws, $300. 

SECRETARY OF STATE, DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR 
VEHICLE REGULATION AND REGISTRATION. 

For salary for the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, $1,500. 

For salary for the chief inspector, $1,500. 

For compensation for inspectors, $17,600. 

For expenses and equipment of inspectors, $10,000 

For compensation for clerical services, $7,350. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses, 
$4,000. 

Fbr blanks and stationery, $5,000. 

For the purchase and packing of identification marks and 
dies for use in connection with the same, $19,000 ; pay- 
ment of the above items in this account to be made from 
the receipts of the department of motor vehicle regulation 
and registration, pursuant to chapter 235, laws of 1909. 

ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Attorney-General, for salary, $7,000. 

For the Assistant Attorney-General, for salary, $5,000. 

For the second Assistant Attorney-General, for salary 
$4,800. 

For compensation and expenses of assistants employed by 
the Attorney-General, $14,140. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the At- 
torney-General, $900. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Attorney-General's department, $1,500. 

For compensation and expenses of counsel employed by 
the Attorney-General in foreign States to collect taxes due 
from bankrupt and other insolvent corporations, $500. 

DEPARTMENT OP BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

For the Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, for 
salary, $6,000. 

For the Deputy Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, 
for salary, $3,500. 

For compensation for assistants in the Department of 
Banking and Insurance, $19,500. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 26? 

For blanks and stationery for use in the Department of 
Banking and Insurance, $5,000. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the Department of Banking and Insurance $7,500. 

For compensation of building and loan association ex- 
aminers, $22,500. 

For actual and necessary traveling and incidental per- 
sonal expenses of building and loan association examiners, 
$5,500. 

For necessary appraisals of real estate and all other in- 
cidental expenses in connection with examinations of build- 
ing and loan associations, $500. 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSORS. 

For the members of the State Board of Assessors, salaries, 
$10,000. 

For secretary of the State Board of Assessors, for salary, 
$2,500. 

For compensation for clerical service in the office of the 
State Board of Assessors, $9,100. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the State 
Board of Assessors, $900. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the State Board of Assessors, $1,100. 

For compensation of local assessors and witnesses, and 
compensation and expenses of surveyors, pursuant to chap- 
ter 101 of the laws of 1884, $20,000. 

BOARD OF EQUALIZATION OF TAXES. 

For salaries for president and four members, $19,000. 

For salary of clerk, $2,500. 

For salary of assistant clerk, $1,500. 

For additional clerical services, $900. 

For blanks and stationery for use of the Board of Equal- 
ization of Taxes, $600. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Board of Equalization of Taxes, $650. 

For services of expert stenographer at hearings, $1,000. 

COUNTY BOARDS OF TAXATION. 

For salaries of members of the county boards of taxation, 
$96,600. 

PUBLIC ROADS. 

For State Road Fund, pursuant to chapter 396, laws of 
1912, $450,000. 

For carrying into effect the provisions of chapter 223, 
laws of 1912, and any supplements thereto and amendments 
thereof, $100,000. 

For expenses of the department, $17,000. 

For commissioner, for salary, $5,000. 



268 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For State Highway engineer, for salary, $4,0o0. 

For salaries of two highway division engineers, at $1,800 
each, $3,600. 

For salaries of two division highway engineers, at $1,500 
each, $3,000. 

STATE LIBRARY 

For the Librarian, for salary, $3,000. 

For compensation for assistants in the State Library, 
$3,280. 

For the repair, preservation and purchase of useful books 
for the State Library, $3,500. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage and other in- 
cidental expenses for the State Library, $500. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSION. 
For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 62, laws of 1900 ; for clerical assistants, necessary 
traveling expenses and other expenses incurred by the com- 
mission, including the cost of conducting a summer school 
in library training or library institutes, and for carrying 
into effect the provisions of chapter 175, laws of 1898, and 
its supplements, providing for the establishing and main- 
tenance of a system of traveling libraries ; and for the pur- 
pose of carrying into effect the provisions of chapter 115, 
laws of 1906, $10,000. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

For salaries of members of the State Board of Health, 
pursuant to chapter 299, laws of 1908, $7,500. 

For the State Board of Health, pursuant to the provisions 
of chapter 68, laws of 1887, and the amendments and sup- 
plements thereto, $24,325. 

For compensation to the secretary of said board, pur- 
suant to said chapter, $2,500. 

For expenses to be incurred pursuant to chapter 225, 
laws of 1886, $2,000. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of State 
Board of Health, $2,500. 

For maintenance of the bacteriological laboratory, $9,200. 

For postage required in sending to the physicians of this 
State the annual report of the State Board of Health and 
of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, $800 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
"An act to secure the purity of foods, beverages, confec- 
tionery, condiments, drugs and medicines, and to prevent 
deception in the distribution and sales thereof," passed at 
the legislative session of 1907, and amendments and sup- 
plements, and "An act to prevent deception in the sale of 
oleomargarine, butterine or any imitation of dairy products, 
and to preserve the public health," pursuant to chapter 84 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 269 

of the laws of 1886, and amendments and supplements, 
$24,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 139, laws of 1906, $12,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 72, laws of 1900, and the amendments and sup- 
plements thereto, $28,500. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions 
of chapter 12 of the laws of 1910, $10,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 189 of the laws of 1911, $3,500. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 24 of the laws of 1912, $3,500. 

BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 

For Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, for salary, $2,500. 

For the deputy chief of the Bureau of Statistics, for 
salary, $2,000. 

For the current expenses of the Bureau of Statis-tics, 
$7,000. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the oflSce Oi. the 
Bureau of Statistics, $500. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

For the State House Commission, for the care and safe- 
keeping of the State Capitol, the property therein and ad- 
jacent public grounds, and for expenses to be incurred in 
carrying out the provisions of chapter 339 of the laws of 
1894, $80,000. 

For insurance upon State House and contents thereof, 
$2,500. 

For equipment of vaults for the State Treasurer, $8,000. 

For the State House Commission for the purpose of ac- 
quiring, by purchase or by condemnation, in the name of 
the State, lands in the city of Trenton, with buildings 
thereon erected, and for any necessary removals, altera- 
tions, restoration, reconstruction and furnishing of the 
same, and improvement of said lands, as included within 
chapter 242 of the laws of 1911, and any supplement 
thereto or amendment thereof, $30,000. 

STATE MUSEUM. 

For Curator, for salary, $1,500. 

For the commission to acquire new material for the 
museum and for blanks, stationery and other incidental ex- 
penses, $1,500. 

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. 
For the State Geologist, for salary, $4,000. 
For services and expenses of the department of the 
geological survey, including the continuance of forestry in- 



270 APPROPRIATION LATV . 

vestigations and expenses in connection with the publication 
of the reports and maps of the geological survey, $12,500. 

For salaries and expenses of archaeological investigations 
in New Jersey and the acquisition of valuable archaeological 
material, $500. 

For services and expenses incurred in connection with 
examining and testing road materials and pavements, $5,000. 

FOREST PARK RESERVATION COMMISSION. 

For the use of the State Board of Forest Park Reserva- 
tion Commissioners, pursuant to chapter 47, laws of 1905, 
including maintenance of State forest lands, $11,500. 

For the use of the State Board of Forest Park Reserva- 
tion Commissioners, for the purpose of carrying out the 
provisions of chapter 123, laws of 1906, and chapter 74, 
laws of 1909, $15,000. 

For the use of the State Board of Forest Park Reserva- 
tion Commissioners, for the purpose of carrying out the 
provisions of chapter 143, laws of 1907, ^30,000. 

SUPREME COURT. 

For the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Su- 
preme Court, for salaries, $109,000. 

For the judges of the Circuit Court, for salaries $63,000. 

For compensation of sergeants-at-arms and criers, $1,300. 

For the payment of expenses incurred by the order of 
the Supreme Court pursuant to chapter 149 of ia^ laws of 
1900, $2,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use of the Chief Justice 
and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, and inci- 
dental expenses, $500. 

OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

For the Clerk of the Supreme Court, for salary, $6,000. 

For compensation for clerical services in' the office of the 
Clerk of the Supreme Court, $18,250. 

For blanks and stationery for use in tue office of the 
Clerk of the Supreme Court, $1,500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the Clerk of the Supreme Court, $1,750. 

COURT OF CHANCERY. 

For the Chancellor, for salary, $13,000. 

For the Vice-Chancellors, for salaries, $96,000. 

For compensation of sergeants-at-arms and traveling ex- 
penses, $6,700. 

For compensation of stenographers, and for services 
pursuant to section 103 of chapter 158, laws of 1902, 
$22,600. 

For compensation and allowance of Advisory Masters, 
$13,250. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 271 

For rent of rooms in Atlantic City, Jersey City, Newark 
and Trenton, for the use of the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellors 
and Advisory Masters, $7,616. 

For miscellaneous expenses in connection with such 
rooms, $150. 

For compensation of stenographer for the Chancellor, 
$600. 

For allowance for stationery for the Court of Chancery, 
$500. 

OFFICE OF CLERK IN CHANCERY. 

For the Clerk in Chancery, for salary, $6,000. 

For compensation for clerical service in the oflBce of the 
Clerk in Chancery, $29,960. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the oflBce of the 
Clerk in Chancery, $1,900. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of the Clerk in Chancery, $2,500. 

COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

For compensation of judges of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals, $21,000. 

For compensation of officers of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals, $1,750. 

For furnishing printed or typewritten copies of draft 
opinions under the direction of the presiding judge, $1,000. 

COURT OF PARDONS. 
• For compensation for judges of Court of Pardons, $2,000. 
For compensation of subordinate officers and incidental 
expenses, $1,000. 

COURT EXPENSES. 
For compensation of judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas, pursuant to section 49, chapter 149 of the laws of 
1900, $1,000. 

LAW AND EQUITY REPORTS. 
For the publication of the Chancery reports, $5,000. 
For the publication of the law reports, $5,000. 
For salary of Chancery reporter, $500. 
For salary of Supreme Court reporter, $500. 
For binding Chancery and law reports, $800. 

STENOGRAPHIC REPORTERS. 
For amount to be refunded to various counties in this 
State for salaries of stenographic reporters appointed by 
the Justices of the Supreme Court, pursuant to chapter 81 
of the laws of 1901, $14,800. 

NATIONAL GUARD. 
For expenses for division, brigade and regimental head- 
quarters, $4,000. 



272 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For allowances for two batteries of artillery, $2,000 each, 
$4,000. 

For allowance for two troops of cavalry, at $2,000 each, 
including rent of armory, $4,000. 

For allowances for sixty companies of infantry, at $500 
each, $30,000. 

For allowance for one signal and telegraph corps, $2,000. 

For transportation for battalion drills, inspections, 
parades, and for pay and expenses of inspecting officers, 
$5,000. 

For compensation of officers and employees, and expenses 
incurred in connection with rifle practice, $9,500. 

For pay of officers and enlisted men, and expenses in 
connection with the annual encampment, $60,000. 

For compensation of the superintendent and employees, 
and for forage, fuel and maintenance of the State Camp 
Grounds, $10,000. 

For fuel, light and maintenance of the State Arsenal, 
$1,500. 

For expenses of military boards and courts-martial, $1,200. 

For transportation of disabled sol<3iers of the late rebel- 
lion and the Spanish-American war, $30. 

For maintaining, heating and lighting regimental armo- 
ries at Jersey City, Camden, Newark, Paterson and Trenton, 
at $4,500 each, $22,500. ^ 

For maintaining, heating and lighting battery troop and 
battalion armories at Newark, East Orange, Camden, Eliza- 
beth, Red Bank and Orange, $18,000. 

For maintaining, heating and lighting company armories 
at Somerville, Hackensack and Bridgeton, $1,800 each, 
$5,400. 

For insuring regimental armories, buildings at the State 
Camp Grounds at Sea Girt, the State Arsenal and all public 
military stores. $3,000. 

For horse allowance to officers required to be mounted 
for duty at annual encampment, $3,200. 

For ordnance stores, uniforms, clothing, camp and gar- 
rison equipage, freight and expressage and miscellaneous 
supplies, $8,000. 

For allowances for uniforms and equipments for officers 
of regiments, troops, batteries, companies, signal corps, and 
the naval reserve, as provided in section 127 of "An act 
concerning the militia of the State," approved May 16th, 
1906, $6,500. 

For horse allowance to mounted organizations providing 
horses for State service, at $50 per horse per annum, $3,900. 

For construction of armory for Battery A, Field Artil- 
lery, East Orange, pursuant to chapter 224, laws of 1909, 
$25,000. 

F'or construction of armory for the Second Battalion, 
Second Regiment, Elizabeth, pursuant to chapter 170, laws 
of 1910, $25,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 273 

For construction of armory for Battery B, Field Artillery, 
Camden, pursuant to chapter 20, laws of 1910, $25,000. 

For traveling expenses of United States Army officer 
detailed to the State by the War Department as Instructor- 
Inspector of the National Guard. $600. 

For pay of clerk attached to Division Headquarters, $600. 

For construction of armory for First Battalion, Fifth 
Regiment, at Orange, pursuant to chapter 45, laws of 1911. 
$25,000. 

For construction of ai*mory for Second Troop Cavalry, at 
Red Bank, pursuant to chapter 165, laws of 1906, $25,000. 

For construction of armory for Company H, luird Regi- 
ment, at Asbury Park, pursuant to chapter 127, laws o- 

1911, $25,000. 

For construction of armory for Company H, Second Regi- 
ment, at New Brunswick, pursuant to chapter 106, laws of 

1912, $25,000. 

For furnishing and equipping armory for Battery B, Field 
Artillery, Camden, $5,000. 

For extraordinary repairs, alterations and additions re- 
quired for the preservation and equipment of regimental 
armories, as follows : 

Newark Armory, First Regiment, $2,000. 

Trenton Armory, Second Infantry, $500. 

Elizabeth Armory, Second Infantry, $5,000. 

Camden Armory, Third Infantry, $2,500. 

Jersey City Armory, Third Infantry, $4,000. 

Paterson Armory, Fifth Infantry, $900. 

NAVAL RESERVE. 

First battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500. 

For battalion headquarters, $300. 

For pay of shipkeeper, maintenance and expenses, $6,500. 

For pay and expenses of officers and men on annual 
cruise and practice cruises, $4,800. 

Second battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500 

For battalion headquarters, $300. 

For pay of shipkeeper, maintenance and expenses $6,500. 

For pay and expenses of officers and men on annual cruise 
and practice cruises, $4,800. 

ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Adjutant-General, for salary, $2,500. 

For compensation for clerical service in the Adjutant- 
General's office, $7,620. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the Adjutant-Gen- 
eral's office, $1,500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the Adjutant-General's office. $1,000. 

For annual dues to Interstate National Guard Association 
for the year 1913, $50. 

18 



274 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For printing, binding and distributing the annual report 
of the proceedings of the Department of New Jersey, Grand 
Army of the Republic, $500. 

For clerical services and expenses incident to the com- 
pilation of the roster of officers and enlisted men of New 
Jersey in the Revolutionary and other wars, at Trenton, 
New Jersey, and elsewhere, $2,500. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of Joint 
Resolution No. 2, approved March 17th, 1909, providing for 
the Civil War veteran medal, $100. 

QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Quartermaster-General, for salary, $2,500. 

For compensation for assistants in the department of the 
Quartermaster-General, namely : 

For chief clerk, for salary, $2,500. 

For clerks, for salaries, $3,600. 

For military storekeeper, for salary, $1,200. 

For carpenter, machinist and to persons having in charge 
accoutrements, et cetera, cleaning arms, et cetera, teamster 
and laborer, for salaries, $4,903.75. 

For blanks and stationery for use in Quartermaster- 
General's Department, $500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Quartermaster-General's Department, $450. 

COLLATERAL INHERITANCE TAX. 

For Surrogate's fees, appraisers' compensation and ex- 
penses, legal and other disbursements, and for the purpose 
of carrying out the provisions of the collateral inheritance 
laws, $40,000. 

There is hereby appropriated the unexpended balance 
remaining in the State Treasury at the close of the fiscal 
year ending October 31st, '1913, of the amount appropriated 
In paragraph 2, item No. 34, in the annual appropriation 
act for the fiscal year ending October 31st, 1913, for the 
repayment of collateral inheritance taxes paid, as assessed 
under the collateral inheritance tax act and to the refund 
of which the estates having made payment may be entitled 
under the decision of the Court of Errors and Appeals of 
this State, rendered July 8th, 1910, In re Dixon vs. Russell 
(Collard estate), also those estates which having made 
payment may be entitled to refund under the decision of 
the Supreme Court, In re Moss vs. Edwards, rendered July 
17th, 1912 (John L. Foote estate), provided the application 
for such repayment shall be made within two (2) years 
from the date of payment of such tax. Payment of such 
claims shall be made only when proven in form, manner 
and substance to the satisfaction of the State Comptroller 
and approved by the Attorney-General of this State. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 275 

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. 

For the commissioner, for salary, $6,000. 

For the assistant commissioner, for salary, $3,000. 

For nineteen inspectors, for salaries, $31,500. 

For department clerks, for services, $7,500. 

For printing, postage, expressage and other incidental 
expenses, $10,000. 

For expenses of commissioner, assistant commissioner 
and inspectors, $13,000. 

For salaries of expert assistants, $7,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

FoT salary of commissioner, $4,000. 

For salary of assistant (architect), $3,600. 

For salaries of draughtsmen, $6,500. 

For allowance for clerical service, $5,340. 

For traveling expenses of commissioner and assistants, 
$1,200. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, et cetera, $1,600. 

For research work, $2,000. 

For salaries and expenses of two regular inspectors, and 
extra as needed, $4,800. 

For services of engineers, surveyors and other technical 
services as needed, $3,000. 

STATE BOARD OF TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION. 

For rent of offices, $2,500. 

For printing and stationery, $800. 

For clerical service and stenographer, $4,200. 

For salary of architect and plan examiner, $1,800. 

For twenty-nine inspectors, $1,200 each, $34,800. 

For assistant plan examiner, $1,350. 

For salaries of six clerks, $8,100. 

For secTetary and executive officer, $3,000. 

For incidentals, postage and expressage, $2,000. 

For inspectors' expenses, $4,000. 

For traveling expenses of executive officer and plan ex- 
aminers, $400. 

For expenses of members of the Board of Tenement 
House Supervision, $500. 

For office furnishings and supplies, $300. 

CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION. 

For salaries and expenses o.f the Civil Service Commis- 
sion, $40,000. 

FoT salaries and expenses in carrying out the provisions 
of chapter 183, laws of 1911, $8,000. 

For additional allowance for salaries and expenses in 
carrying out the provisions of chapter 183, laws of 1911, 



276 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

to be paid to Charles F. Holcombe, in monthly instalments, 
in addition to the salary now paid him by the Civil Ser- 
vice Commission, in relation to said act, $450. 

BOARD OF PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSIONERS. 

For salaries and expenses of the Board of Public Utility 
Commissioners, $125,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC REPORTS. 

For salary of Commissioner of Public Reports, $2,000. 
For salary of clerk, $600. 

For blanks and stationery for use of the department, $25. 
For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
•for the department, $25. 

STATE WATER-SUPPLY COMMISSION. 

For salaries of commissioners, $12,500. 

For salaxy of secretary, $2,500. 

For salary of stenographer, blanks, stationery, postage 
and other incidental expenses of the commission, $1,500. 

For expenses incurred in connection with new or ad- 
ditional water supplies, $1,000. 

For engineers, inspectors, field work, et cetera, $3,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF INLAND WATERWAYS. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 83, laws of 1908, $25,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 213, laws of 1911, $30,000. 

For salary of the Commissioner of Inland Waterways, 
pursuant to chapter 15, laws o.f 1908, $2,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF ACCOUNTS. 

For salary of Auditor of Accounts, $3,000. 

For salaries of three assistants, $2,000 each, $6,000. 

For salary of stenographer, $600. 

For traveling expenses of auditor and three assistants, 
and incidental office expenses, $900. 

The above items in this account, excepting the first 
item, are to be transferred to the office of the Comptroller, 
provided, such transfer is authorized by enactment of the 
present Legislature. 

EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY COMMISSION. 

For expenses of the Employers' Liability Commission, 
pursuant to chapter 241, laws o.f 1911, $3,500. 

The above item to be transferred to the Department of 
Labor, provided, same is authorized by enactment of the 
present Legislature. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 277 

DEPARTMENT OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Weights 
and Measures, pursuant to chapter 201, laws of 1911, 
$12,500. 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. 

For necessary expenses of the State Board of Education, 
$3,000. 

COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION. 

For salary of commissioner, $10,000. 

For salaries of four assistants, $18,000. 

For clerical services, $16,000. 

For salary of inspector of buildings, $2,000. 

For salary of inspector of accoutits, $2,000. 

For blanks and stationery, $9,000. 

For incidental expenses, $8,000. 

For 2,500 copies of the Manual of the Legislature of 
New Jersey, $2.500 ; provided, manuals are furnished for 
school use only, all public schools to be included in the 
distribution. 

The moneys in this item appropriated shall be deducted 
in the same manner as the moneys heretofore appropriated 
to the Superintendent of Public Instruction are required to 
be deducted pursuant to chapter 65 of the laws of 1909, 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT TRENTON. 

For the support of the State Normal School at Trenton, 
$70,000. 

For necessary repairs to the grounds, buildings and fur- 
niture, and for keeping the same insured. $12,000 ; pay- 
ments under this account to be made pursuant to chapter 
65, laws of 1909. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT MONTCLAIR. 

For support of the State Normal School at Montclair, 
$56,289. 

For necessary improvements and repairs to the grounds, 
buildings and furniture, and for keeping the same insured, 
$3,000 ; payments under this account to be made pursuant 
to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT NEWARK. 
For support of the State Normal School at Newark, 
$43,600. 

NEW JERSEY SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 
For the New Jersey School for the Deaf, for the teach- 
ing, maintenance and clothing of pupils taught therein, for 
purchase and repair of furniture, school apparatus and 
other appliances, for making needed improvements and re- 
pairs in the buildings and grounds, for insurance thereof. 



278 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

and for maintaining the system of manual and industrial 
education in said school, $65,000 ; payment to be made 
pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

MANUAL TRAINING AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR 
COLORED YOUTH. 
For maintenance of the Manual Training and Industrial 
School for Colored Youth, $21,000 ; payment to be made 
pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS. 

For county superintendents of schools, for salaries, $63,- 
000 •; payment to be ma.de pursuant to chapter 65, laws 
of 1909. 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS. 

For expenses incurred by the State Board of Examiners, 
$10^500. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 

For payments to schools established for industrial edu- 
cation, pursuant to chapter 78, laws of 1909, $30,000. 

For payments to schools for manual training, $150,000. 

FREE SCHOOL LIBRAJEIIES. 
For the formation of libraries in the free public schools 
of the State, $7,000. 

PRACTICE TEACHING. 

For extra compensation to the teachers in the various 
school districts in the State, for training the pupils in the 
State Normal School at Trenton jn the art of teaching, 
$5,000. 

For extra compensation to the teachers in the vaTious 
school districts in the State, for training the pupils in 
the State Normal School at Montclair in the art of teach- 
ing, $6,000. 

EVENING SCHOOL FOR FOREIGN-BORN RESIDENTS. 
For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of an act 
entitled 'An act providing for the establishment of even- 
ing schools for foreign-born residents in the State of New 
Jersey," approved April 11th, 1907, $6,500 ; payment to 
be made pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

TEACHERS' RETIREMENT FUND. 

To the board of trustees, for payment af expenses in- 
curred in connection with the administration of the teach- 
ers' retirement fund, pursuant to chapter 139, laws of 
1907, $5,500. 

To the State Treasurer, for expenses incurred in con- 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 279 

nection with the fund, pursuant to said chapter, as fol- 
lows : 

For clerical services, $2,600. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage, et cetera, 
$500. 

TEACHERS' INSTITUTES. 

For expenses of teachers' institutes, $4,000. 

TEACHERS' LIBRARIES. 
For the establishment and maintenance of libraries for 
use of teachers, $200. 

SUMMER COURSES IN AGRICULTURE, ETC. 
For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of As- 
sembly bill number 669, $8,000 ; provided said bill be- 
comes a law, payment to be made as provided by chapter 
65, laws of 1909. 

BUREAU OF SHELL FISHERIES. 

For the chief of the bureau, for salary, $1,800. 
• For salary of stenographer, $600. 

For blanks, stationery and other incidental expenses, 
$600. 

STATE OYSTER COMMISSION. 

For the better regulation and control of the taking, 
planting and cultivating of oysters on the lands lying 
under the tide waters of the Delaware river, Delaware 
bay, Maurice river cove and Raritan bay, in the State of 
New Jersey, $13,000. 

For the protection of the natural seed oyster grounds on 
lands lying under the tidal waters of the Delaware river 
and Delaware bay, north of "southwest line," in the State 
o,f New Jersey, $4,000. 

For expenses of surveying and mapping lands to be 
leased for oyster culture under the tidal waters of the 
Delaware river, Delaware bay, Maurice river cove and 
Raritan bay, in the State of New Jexsey, $800. 

STATE OYSTER COMMISSION FOR THE DISTRICT OF 
ATLANTIC COUNTY. 
For the commissioners, for salaries, $900. 
For the superintendent, for salary, $1,000. 
For patrol service, $2,200. 
For incidental expenses, $300. 
For surveys, $150. 

STATE OYSTER COMMISSION FOR THE DISTRICT OF 
OCEAN COUNTY. 
For the commissioners, for salaries, $750. 
For the superintendent, for salary, $1,000. 



280 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For patrol service, $1,000. 

For incidental expenses, $400 ; provided all bills are 
approved by the Governor. 
For office rent, $50 

STATE HOSPITALS. 
FoT traveling expenses of managers, $800. 
For expenses in transferring insane convicts, $200. 
For medical examination of insane convicts, $300. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORRIS PLAINS. 

For maintenance of county patients, at the rate af $2 
per week ; for support and clothing of insane convicts, at 
the rate of $5 per week for each insane convict ; and 
support and clothing of indigent patients, at the rate of 
$4 per week, $351,000. 

For salaries of officers, $23,000. 

For appraisement of personal property, $200. 

For insurance, premiums, $4,000. 

For furnishings for addition to female nurses' cottage, 
$1,400. 

For painting materials, $3,000. 

For storehouse and equipment, $15,000. 

For equipment o,f workshops, $3,500. 

For rebuilding of summer houses $2,800. 

For glass recreation pavilion (men's side and women's 
side), $9,000. 

For expense account for research work by physicians, 
$800. 

To continue eugenic field work, $2,000. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT TRENTON. 

For maintenance of county patients, at the rate of $2 
per week ; for support and clothing of insane convicts at 
the rate of $5 per week for each insane convict; and sup- 
port and clothing of indigent patients, at the rate of $4 
per week, $186,576. 

For salaries of officers, $17,700. 

For appraisement of personal property, $200. 

For research work, $2,500. 

For laboratory supplies and apparatus, $1,000. 

For the erection o>f a house of detention for convict or 
criminal insane, pursuant to chapter 261, laws of 1911, 
$50,000. 

For steam radiators, piping, plumbing, et cetera, $10,000. 

For X-ray apparatus, $2,000. 

COUNTY LUNATIC ASYLUMS. 

For the support of county patients in the Essex county 
lunatic asylum, $160,000. 

In the Hudson county lunatic asylum, $75,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 281 

In the Camden county lunatic asylum, $24,000. 

In the Burlington county lunatic asylum, $16,200. 

In the Passaic county lunatic asylum, $4,000. 

In the Gloucester county lunatic asylum, $1,000. 

In the Cumberland county lunatic asylum, $13,000. 

In the Salem county lunatic asylum, $1,000. 

In the Atlantic county lunatic asylum, $11,000. 

STATE PRISON. 

For maintenance of the State Prison and maintenance 
of the convicts, $100,000. 

For maintenance of principal keeper and resident phy- 
sician, pursuant to chapters 163 and 244, of the laws of 
1906, $1,800. 

For furniture, appliances and repairs of State Prison, 
$12,000. 

For the principal keeper, for salary, $3,500. * 

For the supervisor, for salary, $3,000. 

For the physicians, deputy keepers and employees, for 
salary, $112,000. 

For the six inspectors, for salaries, $3,000. 

For the keeper, for payments to discharged convicts, 
$6,000. 

For teacher and moral instructor to the convicts in the 
State Prison, for salary, $1,200. 

For traveling and other necessary expenses incurred 
by the parole agent, pursuant to chapter 232, laws of 
1905, $700. 

For maintenance of the electrocution plant, pursuant 
to the provisions of chapter 79, laws of 1906, and acts 
amendatory thereto, $6,000. 

For the maintenance of a school in the State Prison, 
pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1907, $1,600. 

For bureau of identification, $200. 

The following sums are appropriated, provided necessary 
legislation is enacted authorizing the securing of a farm 
for the working of prisoners committed to the State 
Prison : 

For buildings, $10,000. 

For provision and furniture, $2,000. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

For traveling and other oflBcial expenses of commissioners, 
$500. 

For the superintendent, for salary, $4,000. 

For the subordinate officers and employees, for salaries, 
$65,000. 

For maintenance, $60,000. 

For furniture, appliances and repairs (including in- 
dustrial departments), $18,000. 



2S2 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For the supoiiutendent, for payments to discharged in- 
mates and reoapturiug- escapes, .*fo.r>00. 

For travoliiiii" expenses of parole officers, ?1,500. 

For fuel and water. $15,000. 

For farm live stock, implements, et cetera, $1,000. 

For rent of house for superintendent, $660. 

For traveling expenses for superintendent when on of- 
ficial business, $200. 

For materials for foundry building, $5,000. 

For trees and shrubbery, $300. 

STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey State Home for 
Boys. $104,000. 

For the trustees of said home, for expenses incurred by 
them in the discharge of their duties, $200. 

For repairs to the buildings and grounds, $6,000. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey State Home for Girls, 
for the support and necessan-y repairs to the home, $80,000. 

For the trustees af said home, for expenses incurred in 
the discharge of their duties, $500. 

For salaries of two parole officers, $1,400. 

For traveling expenses of the parole officers, $600. 

For fire insurance premiums, $414. 

For a hospital fund, $600. 

For research work. $1,000. 

For manual training teacher, tools, et cetera, $500. 

For repairs to buildings, et cetera, $1,000. 

For furnishings for hospital, $1,500. 

VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 
For expenses of managers. $600. 
For salaries of officers. $12,000. 

For maintenance, including fuel and light, $110,000. 
For repairs and improvements. $8,000. 
For trees and shrubbery, $500. 
For furniture and equipment. $6,000. 
For buildings for patients. $75,000. 
FoT cottage for patients, $35,000. 

SANATORIUM FOR TUBERCULOUS DISEASES. 
For maintenance, $100,000. 

For construction af an infirmary building and laboratory, 
$20,000. 

For construction of a cow barn. $12,000. 
For purchase of cows, $4,500. 

BLIND AND FEEBLE-MINDED. 
For clothing, maintenance, support, and instruction of 
the blind persons, inhabitants of this State, $20,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 283 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of 
the feeble-minded persons, inhabitants of this State, 
$90,000. 

For housing, care and maintenance of feeble-minded 
children, including feeble-minded blind and other special 
cases, $5,400, at a per capita not to exceed $400 per an- 
num. 

For maintenance, support and instruction of feeble- 
minded women, $61,000. 

HOME FOR FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN— VINELAND. 

For research work, $1,000. 

For fire insurance premiums, $780. 

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN. 

For salaries of officers and employees, $3,600. 
For maintenance, $6,000. 
For insurance, $500. 

For extra help and miscellaneous expenses, $1,000. 
For fertilizers, $900. 
For seeds and plants for crops, $250. 
For maintenance of live stock, $1,900. 
For wages and board of three men, $1,800. 
For horse-shoeing and repairs to wagons, harness, etc., 
$500. 

For renewal of live stock, $300. 

For cottage to contain thirty girls, $25,000. 

For building roads, gutters, etc., $3,500. 

STATE BOARD OF CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 
To the State Board of Children's Guardians, for ex- 
penses, $16,328.38. 

COMMISSION FOR AMELIORATING THE CONDITION 
OF THE BLIND. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 136, laws of 1909, $7,500. 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF FEEBLE-MINDED, EPI- 
LEPTICS, CRIMINALS AND OTHER DEFECTIVES. 
For expenses incurred in carrying into effect the pro- 
visions of chapter 190, laws of 1911, $500. 

NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, SAIL- 
ORS, MARINES AND THEIR WIVES AND FOR 
THEIR WIDOWS, AT VINELAND. 

For salary o,f commandant, $1,500. 
For salary of adjutant, $1,000. 
For salaries of assistants, $15,000. 



284 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For maintenance and all other expenses, $67,375. 

For fire insurance premiums, $177.50. 

For traveling expenses of the Board of Managers, $300. 

HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS AT KEARNY. 

For the support of the New Jersey Home for Disabled 
Soldiers at Kearny, and for the chaplain thereof, $55,000. 

SOLDIERS' STATE PAY. 
For claims of volunteers in the Civil War, for State pay, 
pursuant to chapter 13 of the laws of 1861, $100. 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 

For the State Board o.f Agriculture, $11,000. 

For the State Board of Agriculture, for the purpose of 
carrying out the provisions of an act to prevent the in- 
troduction into and spread of injurious insects in New 
Jersey, to provide a method for compelling their destruc- 
tion, to create the office of State Entomologist, to au- 
thorize the inspection of nurseries and to provide for cer- 
tificates of inspection, $7,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 54, laws o.f 1911, $5,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 60, laws of 1911, $2,000. 

TUBERCULOSIS COMMISSION. 
For expenses and payments by the State Tuberculosis 
Commission, $50,000. 

STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers College, to pay the State 
Agricultural College for the benefit of agriculture and the 
mechanic arts, pursuant to chapter 90 of the laws of 1905, 
and amendments thereto, $30,000, payment to be made 
pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

For salaries, supplies and all other expenses for the 
maintenance of short courses in practical and scientific 
agriculture, pursuant to chapter 55 of the laws of 1905, 
and chapter 43 of the laws of 1907, $20,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
"An act to provide for the establishment of a course in 
practical and scientific instruction in the art of clay work- 
ing and ceramics in the State Agricultural College," ap- 
proved March 17th, 1902, and a supplement approved March 
14t.h, 1907, being chapter 7, laws of 1907, $5,000. 

For furnishing and equipping the agricultural building, 
$20,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 285 

For furnishing and equipping the department of bac- 
teriology, biology and botany, $7,500. 

For reierence books and periodicals, $2,000. 

For maintenance and development of college farm 
grounds, $3,000. 

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. 

For salaries and expenses of 'the Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, $25,000. 

For printing bulletins of the Agricultural Experiment 
Station, $3,000. 

For expenses incurred by the New Jersey Agricultural 
Experiment Station in carrying out the provisions of "An 
act concerning the regulation of the sale of concentrated 
commercial feeding stuffs," $3,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of "An 
act to provide for locating and abolishing mosquito-breed- 
ing salt-marsh areas within the State, for assistance in 
dealing with certain inland breeding places, and appro- 
priating money to carry its provisions into effect," approved 
April I'uth, 1906, $15,000. 

For scientific investigation af oyster propagation, pur- 
suant to chapter 187, laws of 1907, $900. 

For the maintenance and operation of the department of 
poultry husbandry, pursuant to chapter 52, laws of 1911, 
$3,000: 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 157 of the laws of 1912, $2,000. 

For the purpose of maintaining and carrying on experi- 
mental work in floriculture, pursuant to chapter 130, laws 
of 1911, $3,000. 

For expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of 
chapter 89, laws of 1912, $1,000. 

For repairs and improvements in experiment station 
building, $1,500. 

All .fees and receipts of the experiment station received 
under the provisions of chapters 218, and 179, laws of 
1912, are hereby appropriated for the uses and purposes 
expressed by said chapters. 

LIVE STOCK COMMISSION. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 56 and chapter 212, laws of 1908, $10,000. 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE FUND. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers College, for interest on 
$116,000, certificates of indebtedness of the State of New 
Jersey, due January 1st and July 1st, 1914, pursuant to 
the provisions of chapter 135 of the laws of 1896, $5,800. 



286 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

BOARD OF VISITORS TO THE AGRICULTURAL COL- 
LEGE OF NEW JERSEY. 

For the Board, of Visitors to ttie Agricultural College of 
New Jeisey, for personal expenses incurred pursuant to 
chapter 365 of the laws of 1873, $50. 

For advertising pursuant to chapter 9 of the laws of 
1879, $90. 

STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

To the treasurer of the New Jersey State Horticultural 
Society, pursuant to chapter 141, laws of 1911, $2,000. 

STATE SCHOOL TAX. 
For the purpose of reducing the State school tax to be 
assessed for the year 1914, $100,000. 

EMERGENCY. 
For the Governor, to enable him to meet any emergency 
requiring the expenditure of money not otherwise appro- 
priated, and to cover any incidental expense of commis- 
sioners appointed by him under statute or in his discre- 
tion, the sum of $10,000. 

REFUNDING TAXES ON MISCELLANEOUS CORPORA- 
TIONS. 

For taxes improperly levied, upon or paid by corpora- 
tions, to be refunded, pursuant to law, $1,000. 

STATE BOARD OF CANVASSERS. 
For per diem allowance of $10 to each member of the 
Board of State Canvassers, and incidental expenses con- 
nected therewith, $500. 

REFUND OF RAILROAD TAX. 

The Comptroller of the Treasury is hereby authorized and 
empowered to adjust and repay any overpayment of tax 
assessed and penalty thereon for any year, pursuant to 
chapter 288, laws of 1888, and the acts amendatory 
thereof and supplementary thereto, made by any railroad 
and canal company, and the State Treasurer is directed to 
pay warrants therefor issued by the Comptroller, said pay- 
ments shall be deducted .from the amount originally paid 
Into and remaining undistributed in the treasury of the 
State, and the amount of money necessary for such pur- 
pose as ascertained is hereby appropriated. 

LEGISLATURE. 
For compensation of Senators and members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, $40,833.32. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 287 

For compensation of ofBcers and employes of the Leg- 
islature, $47,250. 

For stationery for use of the legislative session, pur- 
suant to chapter 208 of the laws of 1868, $400. 

For manuals of the Legislature o,f New Jersey, $2,000. 

For indexing the journal of the Senate and minutes of 
the executive sessions and the minutes of the House of 
Assembly, and other incidental and contingent expenses of 
the Legislature, $7,000. 

For toilet and other necessary supplies for use at the 
legislative session to be furnished- by the State House Com- 
mission, $800. 

ADVERTISING. 

For advertising proclamations issued by the Governor, 
notices of the Attorney-General in relation to delinquent 
miscellaneous corporations, and notices of the Comptroller 
in regard to public printing, et cetera, $3,500. 

PRINTING. 

For printing and binding public documents, $65,000. 

For compensation of an expert printer for services in 
preparation of specification for bids, supervision of work, 
examination of bills, and such other duties as may by law 
be imposed upon him, $900. 

For preparing index of session laws, $100. 

For printing and circulation of the laws, $10,000. 

PRESERVATION OF RECORDS. 
For the purpose of publishing and completing the early 
records of this State, known as "New Jersey Archives," 
$3,000. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT, 
For the commission having in charge the Monmouth 
Battle Monument and grounds, pursuant to chapter 118 of 
the laws of 1886, $,500. 

TRENTON BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the Trenton Battle Monument Association, for the 
purpose of keeping said property in good condition and 
repair, $500. 

PENSIONS. 

For amount required to pay pensions, pursuant to various 
acts relative thereto irrespective of any provision therein 
that pensions shall be made in the appropriation or tax 
levy for the department of the public service from which 
the pensioner shall be so retired, $12,244. 

JUDICIAL RETIREMENT FUND, 
For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
813, laws of 1908, and chapter 185, laws of 1911, $10,33d.33. 



288 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

ANNUITY FOR WIDOWS OF GOVERNORS. 

For the purpose of carrying into ofiEect the provisions of 
chapter 146 of the laws of 1912, $4,800. 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY. 
For trustees of the Washington Association of New Jer- 
sey, pursuant to chapter 309, laws of 1874, $2,500. 

COMMISSIONERS OF THE PALISADES INTERSTATE 
PARK. 

For expenses incurred by the Commissioners of the Pal- 
isades Interstate Park, $2,500; said expenses to be ap- 
proved by the Governor, 

MORRIS CANAL INVESTIGATION COMMITTEE. 
For expenses incurred by the committee appointed pur- 
suant to Joint Resolution No. 10, passed April 12th 1912, 

$5,000. 

RIPARIAN COMMISSION. 
For salaries of Riparian Commissioners, $6,000. 
For salaries and expenses incurred in the prosecution of 
the work of the commissioners, $9,260. 

INSPECTION OF POWER VESSELS. 

For salary of chief inspector, $600. 

For expenses of chief inspector, $375. 

For salary and expenses of assistant inspector, $750. 

For expenses of maintaining office at Lake Hopatcong for 
registration of boats, et cetera, pursuant to chapter 7, laws 
of 1910, $500. 

HEALTH OFFICERS OF THE PORT OF PERTH AMBOY. 

For salary of the health officer of the port of Perth 
Amboy, pursuant to chapter 328, laws of 1906, $-l,000. 

For salary of the deputy health officer of the port of 
Perth Amboy, pursuant to said chapter, $250. 

OBSTRUCTIONS TO NAVIGATION. 
For expenses incurred in removing any boat, barge or 
scow stranded or sunk in any of the navigable rivers of 
this State, $200. 

BODIES THROWN UPON SHORES OF THE STATE BY 
SHIPWRECK. 
For expenses incurred in viewing bodies cast upon shores 
by shipwreck, $100. 



APPROPRIATION LA^. 289 

BURIAL, GROUNDS. 

For the care and maintenance of burial grounds pur- 
chased by the State, pursuant to chapter 171, laws of 1898, 
$75.00. 

STATE CHARITIES AID ASSOCIATION. 

For expenses of the association, pursuant to chapter 120, 
laws of 1892, $600. 

SHARK RIVER INLET, MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 130, laws of 1912, and supplement thereto, $15,000, 
said appropriation to be in addition to that heretofore 
made for the same purpose and to be used in connection 
therewith as though the same were included in one appro- -J 
priation and a contract for said work may be let for an ^ 
amount not exceeding the total amount available from all q 
sources ; said contract, however, to provide that no right oo 
of payment shall be hereby created in excess of the amount ^<'- 
actually available for payment as the appropriations become ^'■ 
effective. '"'' 



COMMISSION TO INVESTIGATE PORT CONDITIONS. iw '^ 

For expenses incurred by commissioners appointed pur- u, 

suant to Joint Resolution No. 3, approved March 29th, os ■<c 

1911, $10,800. O 

WASHINGTON ROCK PARK COMMISSION. 
For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 141 of the laws of 1913, $5,000. 

BOARD OF FISH AND GAME COMMISSIONERS. GAME 
FARM AND FISH HATCHERY. 

For the completion of the game farm on the site pur- 
chased in Ocean county and the fish hatchery on the site 
purchased in Warren county, including pools, ponds and 
lakes, dams, spring house, ice house, lodge house at entrance 
and iron gate, grading roads and macadamizing same and 
building tenant house, dwellings, storm channel, fences, 
sewerage system, machinery and tools, water system, pump- 
ing plant, auto truck, breeding pens and other incidental 
expenses, $50,000. 

NEW JERSEY INTERSTATE BRIDGE AND TUNNEL, 

COMMISSION. 
For expenses of the commission appointed pursuant to 
Joint Resolution No. 4, approved March 21st, 1912, $17,500. 

COMMISSION ON OLD AGE INSURANCE AND PENisIONS. 
For expenses incurred by the commission appointed pur- 
suant to chapter 198, laws of 1911, $600. 

19 



290 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

COSIMISSION UPON REORGANIZATION AND CONSOLI- 
DATION OF INTER-RELATED DEPARTMENTS 
OF STATE. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No. 6, approved April 1st, 1912, $4,000. ' 

SAN FRANCISCO EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 
To the San Francisco Exposition Commission, for the 
uses and purposes expressed in chapter 25, laws of 1912, 
and any amendment thereof or supplement thereto, $75,000. 

INSURANCE FUND. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 123, laws of 1913, $50,000. 

CONFERENCE COMMISSIONERS ON MOTOR VEHICLE 
LAW. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No. 2, approved February 25th, 1913, 
$3,000. 

MAJOR-GENERAL PHILIP KEARNY STATUE. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No. 4, approved March 27th, 1913, $6,000. 

PRISON LABOR COMMISSION. 
For the purchase of a quarry, $12,500. 
For stenographer and clerk hire, $1,500. 
For printing, postage, expressage and other incidental 
expenses, $500. 

For expenses of commissioners, $1,500, 

COMMISSION TO INVESTIGATE THE METHOD OF 
MAKING ASSESSMENT OF TAXES. 

For expenses of the commission appointed pursuant to 
Joint Resolution No. 7, approved April 1st, 1912, $2,000; 
provided said commission is continued by enactment of the 
present Legislature. 

For John F. Conovcr, covering damages to oyster 
grounds leased from the State, providing the act author- 
izing same becomes a law, $3,500. 

COMMISSION ON THE CARE OF MENTAL DEFECTIVES. 

For expenses incurred by the commission appointed pur- 
suant to Senate Joint Resolution No. 4, $2,500 ; provided 
said resolution becomes a law. 

2. The following sums are hereby appropriated out of the 
income of the school fund for the purposes specified for the 
fiscal year ending on the 31st day of October, in the year 
1914. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 291 

FREE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 
For the support of free public schools, $250,000. 

PREMIUMS AND ACCRUED INTEREST. 
There shall be paid frota the income of the school fund 
such sums required to pay premiums and accrued Interest 
on bonds purchased by the trustees for the support of 
public schools. 

SCHOOL FUND EXPENSES. 
For necessary legal and other expenses incurred by or 
under the direction of the trustees for the support of public 
schools in the investment and protection of the school fund, 
and in the collection of the income thereof, $4,000. 

3. Before any building or buildings shall be commenced 
or work undertaken, for the cost of which money is appro- 
priated by this act, the plans, specifications and contracts 
necessary for the entire completion thereof shall, and each 
of them shall be submitted to and approved by the Gov- 
ernor, and such contracts shall not be approved or entered 
into if the total expenditure under all the contracts neces- 
sary to the entire completion of such building, buildings, 
or work according to such plans and specifications shall 
exceed the amount appropriated by this act for such build- 
ing, buildings or work ; and in any and every case where 
it shall appear that the appropriation is insuflacient to 
complete such building, buildings or work, the appropria- 
tion hereby made therefor shall not be applied toward the 
construction of such building or buildings, or prosecution 
of such work, but shall lapse and no payment shall be 
made therefrom. 

4. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except for 
objects 'as hereinabove specifically appropriated, and except 
such sums which are by law devoted to specific purposes, 
namely. State school tax, United States appropriation to 
Agricultural College, United States appropriation for dis- 
abled soldiers, United States appropriations for disabled 
soldiers, sailors, marines and their wives. Agricultural Col- 
lege fund and taxes for the use of taxing districts in this 
State, moneys received pursuant to the laws relating 'to 
motor vehicles, moneys received by the State from the 
taxation of railroad and canal property, which may be by 
law apportioneS to the various counties of the State for 
school purposes, and loans -to "State School Fund," which 
last-named sums shall be paid pursuant to the laws appli- 
cable thereto ; this section shall not be construed to pro- 
hibit the payment due upon any contract made under an 
appropriation of the previous year, nor of any payments 
into the State Treasury by State institutions and commis- 
sions pursuant to an act entitled "An act regulating the 
receipt and disbursement of State moneys in certain cases," 



292 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

approved October 31st, 1907 (chapter 288, laws of 1907), 
which moneys by the provisions of chapter 41, Laws of 
1908, are appropriated for the maintenance of said State 
institution and commissions making such payments, and 
nothing in this act contained shall apply to moneys received 
directly into the State Treasury or through the Board of 
Fish and Game Commissioners as license fees, under any 
of the fish and game laws of this State, which moneys may 
be paid out as other moneys of the State ; provided, how- 
ever, that nothing in this section contained shall be con- 
strued to apply to payments in the State Treasury by the 
State Reformatory and State Prison as receipts for the 
labor of inmates of those institutions. 

5. This act shall take effect on the first day of November, 
1913. 

Approved April 10th, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 293 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY. 



JAMES FAIRMAN FIELDER. 

Governor Fielder was born in Jursey City, Febru- 
ary .26th, 1867. His ancestors on his mother's side 
were Hollanders and on his father's side, English. 
They were among the earliest settlers in the State of 
New Jersey. The families of both father and mother 
of Governor Fielder have been well known in the re- 
ligious and political history of the State. His mother 
was Eleanor A. Brinkerhoff, a sister of former Senator 
William Brinkerhoff. His father was George B. 
Fielder, Register of Hudson county, and member of 
the Forty-third Congress. His paternal grandfather 
was a leading citizen of Jersey City and was a mem- 
ber of Assembly from the county of Hudson in 1871, 
and' his maternal grandfather was for many years a 
county judge of Hudson county. The Brinkerhoffs 
were pioneers in the establishment of the Dutch Re- 
formed Church in the State, and' took a very prominent 
part in establishing and erecting the old Bergen Dutch 
Reformed Church which now stands near Bergen 
Square in Jersey City, one of the oldest churches in 
the State. The Governor is a member of St. John's 
Episcopal Church in Jersey City. 

Governor Fielder attended the public schools and 
high school of his home city, and later finished at the 
Selleck School at Norwalk, Conn. He attended Co- 
lumbia University Law Scliool, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1887 with the degree of LL.B. After his gradu- 
ation he served his apprenticeship in the office of his 
uncle, ex-Senator Brinkerhoff, and was admitted to 
the bar in 1888. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly from Hudson county in 1903 and 1904, and in 
1907 was elected to the Senate. In 1910 he was re- 
elected by the largest majority of votes ever given to 



294 BIOGRAPHIES. 

a State Senator from his county. On June 4th, 1895, 
Governor Fielder married Mabel Cholwell Miller, of 
Norwalk, Conn, 

In his younger days Governor Fielder was a member 
of the Democratic County Committee of Hudson county, 
and since his entry into politics he has progressed step 
by step. He occupied positions of prominence on the 
most important committees of the House of Assembly 
during his terms in that body, as well as in the Senate. 
He was elected President of the Senate by his col- 
leagues in January, 1913, and when Governor Wilson 
became President of the United States he became Act- 
ing Governor by virtue of the constitution. The elec- 
tion of Governor Fielder as President of the Senate 
was more significant than other elections to this im- 
portant office, because at that time Governor Wilson 
had been elected President of the United States, and it 
was known that the member of the Senate elected as 
president of that body would be the Governor of the 
State to succeed Governor Wilson. His Democratic col- 
leagues in the Senate cast their votes unanimously for 
Governor Fielder, and his election met with the uni- 
versal approval of his party. President Wilson him- 
self was so well pleased with the selection of his suc- 
cessor that in his message to the Legislature, delivered 
prior to his departure from the State to take up his 
duties as President, he expressed his satisfaction as 
follows: 

"May I not in closing express the satisfaction I 
feel in the knowledge that when I lay down the duties 
of Governor I shall leave them in the hands of Senator 
Fielder, a man of proved character, capacity, fidelity, 
and devotion to the public service, a man of the type 
to which the people of this State desire their public 
men to conform." 

Governor Wilson resigned his office as Governor on 
the 1st of March, and in turning over to Senator 
Fielder the great seal of the State in the presence of 
the House of Assembly and Senate assembled in joint 
session, he again paid a glowing tribute to the quali- 
fications of Governor Fielder. 

Governor Fielder served as Acting Governor from 
March 1st to October 28th, 1913, when he resigned as 
Senator from Hudson county, thus creating a vacancy 
in the office of Governor, and was succeeded by Leon 



BIOGRAPHIES. 295 

R. Taylor, of Monmouth county, Speaker of the House 
of Assembly. 

James Fairman Fielder was nominated as a candi- 
date for Governor at the primary election held on Sep- 
tember 23d, 1913, by a majority of 45,299, over Frank 
S. Katzenbach. At the regular State election held on 
November 4th, he was elected Governor over Edward 
Casper Stokes, Republican, and a former Governor, by 
a plurality of 32,886. He was inaugurated on January 
20th, 1914, for a term of three years. His salary is 
$10,000 per annum. 

Fielder, Dem., 173,148; Stokes, Rep., 140,298; Colby, 
Prog., 41,132; Reilly, Soc, 13,977; Mason, Pro., 3,427; 
Butterworth, Soc.-Lab., 2,460; Dwyer, Ind., 875. Field- 
er's plurality, 32,886. 



296 BIOGRAPHIES. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



JAMES E. MARTINE, Plainfield. 

Senator Martine, who, on March 4, 1911. succeeded 
John Kean as one of the United States Senators from 
New Jersey, has the distinction of being the first mem- 
ber of the Upper Chamber of Congress from an east- 
ern state, who obtained his election as a result of a 
direct vote of the people. 

Mr. Martine was elected United States Senator in a 
joint session of the Legislature on January 23, 1911, 
following an exciting and notable campaign resulting 
from the demand that the Legislature acquiesce in the 
choice made in the direct primaries on September 13, 
1910. Under the direct primary law, Mr. Martine sub- 
mitted himself as an aspirant for the Democratic nom- 
ination for United States Senator. He received 47,458 
votes, or four times as many as his opponent. 

Senator Martine was born in New York City, August 
25. 1850. Subsequently his parents moved to Plain- 
field, where his father, Daniel W. Martine, purchased 
a farm of 160 acres, surrounding a house which is now 
175 years old and in which the Martine family live. 
Senator Martine's father died when the former was 
still in his teens and since that time he" has been ac- 
tively engaged in directing the affairs of the Martine 
estate. For thirty years Senator Martine was en- 
gaged in practical farming on the acres left by his 
father. In recent years, he has combined farming 
with real estate operations. Of the original farm, 100 
acres have been developed into fine residential prop- 
erty under the personal supervision of the Senator and 
is now intersected by numerous streets along which 
are beautiful houses, more than fifty of which were 
constructed under his direction. 

Senator Martine has been active in public life of 
New Jersey for more than forty years. Several times 
he has been a candidate for Representative in Con- 
gress and for Legislative oflSce in New Jersey, but in 
each instance he has accepted the nomination for of- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 297 

fice at the urgent request of the Democrats of his 
district and not as a self-seeker for political honor. 
He would never accept an appointive office. His term 
will expire in 1917. 

WIT.LIAM HUGHES, Paterson. 

Senator Hughes succeeded Senator Frank O. Briggs 
in the United States Senate on March 4, '913. Mr. 
Hughes was chosen for Senator at the Democratic 
primary election lield on September 2 4. 1912, the vote 
being as follows: Hughes, 62,532; Smith, 33,490; 
McDermott, 5,291; Wescott, 3,859. The Legislature 
ratified tlie selection. 

Senator Hughes was born in Ireland, April 3. 1872. 
He came to this country at an early age, received a 
common school education, worked in the silk mills of 
Paterson, studied typewriting and stenography at a 
business college in that city and became a law student 
in the office of William M. Rysdyk, of the same city. 
He enlisted in Company A, Second Regiment, N. G. 
N. J., in 1898, and served five months at Sea Girt and 
Jacksonville, Fla., during the Spanish-American war. 
At Sea Girt he was detailed as stenographer to Gov- 
ernor Voorhees and at Jacksonville to Major-General 
Fitzhugh Lee. When the regiment was mustered out 
of service he entered the law office of William Nelson. 
Paterson, and subsequently that of Attorney-General 
John W. Griggs, and in June, 1900, was admitted to 
the bar. He has alwaj's been closely identified with 
organized labor and was counsel in several important 
cases. He was a member of Congress eight years and 
was appointed Judge of Passaic county in L912. 

He resigned tlie office of Represenative in Congress 
in September, 1912. and the judgeship a short time be- 
fore he took his seat in the United States Senate. 



298 CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 

(Formed by an act of the Legislature of April 16, 1912. 
See page 912, laws of that year.) Ratio, 211,431. 
The population is taken from the census of 1910. 



FIRST — The counties of Camden, Gloucester and 
Salem. Population, 206,396. Vote cast in 1912 — Repub- 
lican, 14,472; Democratic, 13,170; Prog-ressive, 5,891, also 
1,017; Socialist, 1,830; Prohibition, 537. Total vote, 
36,917. Republican plurality, 1,302. 

SECOND — The counties of Atlantic, Burlington, Cape 
May and Cumberland. Population, 213,357. Vote cast 
in 1912 — Democratic, 16,130; Republican, 12,330; Pro- 
gressive, 7,384; Prohibition, 80-6; Socialist, 749. Total 
vote, 37,399. Democratic plurality, 3,800. 

THIRD — The counties of Monmouth, Middlesex and 
Ocean. Population, 230,478. Vote cast in 1912 — Demo- 
cratic, 20,596; Republican, 14,363; Socialist, 505; Pro- 
hibition, 723. Total vote, 36,187. Democratic plurality, 
6,233. 

FOURTH — The counties of Mercer, Somerset and 
Hunterdon. Population, 198,046. Vote cast in 1912 — 
Democratic, 13,222; Republican, 8,607; Progressive, 
6,685; Socialist, 553; Prohibition, 285; Social-Labor, 57. 
Total vote, 29,409. Democratic plurality, 4,615. 

FIFTH — The counties of Union and Morris. Popula- 
tion, 214,901. Vote cast in 1912 — Democratic, 13,920; 
Republican, 10,085; Progressive, 7,393; Prohibition, 384; 
Socialist,. 2,066; Social-Labor, 88. Total vote, 33,936. 
Democratic plurality, 3,835. 

SIXTH — The counties of Warren, Sussex and Bergen, 
and) Pompton and West Milford townships in Passaic 
county. Population, 213,981. Vote cast in 1912 — Demo- 
cratic, 15,216; Republican, 8.373; Progressive, 7,007; 
Prohibition, 824; Socialist, 1,320. Total vote, 32,740. 
Democratic plurality, 6,843. 

SEVENTH — Passaic county, excepting Pompton and 
West Milford townships. Population, 209,891. Vote 
cast in 1912 — Democratic, 9,990; Republican, 6,666; Pro- 
gressive, 4,746; Prohibition, 149; Socialist, 1,649; So- 
cial-Labor, 481. Total vote, 23,681. Democratic plu- 
rality, 3,330. 




New Jersey Congressional Districts. 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 299 

EIGHTH— Eighth, Eleventh and Fifteenth wards of 
Newark; Belleville, Bloomfield and Nutley, in Essex 
county; Harrison and Kearny, the borough of East 
Newark, the Seventh ward of Jersey City and the city 
of Bayonne in Hudson county. Population, 207,647. 
Vote cast in 1912 — Democratic, 14,058; Republican, 
9,527; "Taft," 2,269; Prohibition, 119; Socialist, 913. 
Total vote, 26,886. Democratic plurality, 4,531. 

NINTH — The cities of East Orange and Orange, the 
First, Third, Sixth, Seventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth 
wards of the city of Newark, all in Essex county. 
Population, 213,027. Vote cast in 1912 — Democratic, 
10,196; Republican, 5,818; Progressive, 6,403; Prohibi- 
tion, 172; Socialist, 1,454. Total vote, 24,043. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 3,793. 

TENTH— The Second, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, 
Twelfth and' Sixteenth wards, Newark; Irvington, 
Montclair, West Orange, Caldwell borough, Essex Fells. 
Glen Ridge, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West 
Caldwell, Caldwell township. Cedar Grove, Livingston, 
Millburn, South Orange, South Orange township, all in 
Essex county. Population, 206,693. Vote cast in 1912 — 
Democratic, 10,854; Republican, 7,111; Progressive, 
7,847; Prohibition, 105; Socialist, 1,514. Total vote, 
27,431. Democratic plurality, 3,007. 

ELEVENTH — Weehawken, North Bergen, Gutten- 
berg, West Hoboken, West New York, Union, Secaucus, 
Hoboken, Second ward of Jersey City, all in Hudson 
county. Population. 199,612. Vote cast in 1912 — Demo- 
cratic, 14,208; Republican, 7,018; Prohibition, 74; Social- 
ist, 1,429; Social-Labor, 96. Total vote, 22,825. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 7,190. 

TWELFTH— The First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, 
Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth wards, Jer- 
sey City. Population, 223,138. Vote cast in 1912— 
Democratic, 17,980; Progressive-Republican, 8,089; 
Prohibition, 421; Socialist, 160. Total vote, 26,650. 
Democratic plurality, 9,891. 



300 CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 

SUMMARY. 

The population is taken from the census of 1910. 

Popu- Total Dem. Rep. 

Districts. lation. Vote. Plur. Plur. 

First 206,396 36,917 1,302 

Second 213,357 37,399 3,800 

Third 230,478 36,187 6,233- 

Fourth 198,046 29,409. 4,615 

Fifth 214,901 33,936 3,835 

Sixth 213,981 32,740 6,843 

Seventh 209,891 23,681 3,330 

Eighth 207,647 26,886 4,531 

Ninth... 213.027 24,043 3,793 

Tenth 20i6,693 27,431 3,007 

Eleventh 199,612 22,825 7,190 

Twelfth 223,138 26,650 9,891 



2,537,167 358,104 57,0!68 1,302 
Net Democratic plurality, 55,766. 



SPECIAL ELECTION FOR CONGRESS— 
19 I 3- 



At a special election held on July 23d, 1913, for a 
representative in Congress from the Sixth district to 
fill a vacancy caused by the death of Lewis J. Martin, 
the result was as follows: Archibald C. Hart, Dem., 
8,722; Stephen Wood McClave, Rep., 2,992; Herbert M. 
Bailey, Prog., 2,420; Henry M. Dutt, Pro., 259; Fred- 
erick Krafft, Soc, 85. Hart's plurality, 5,730. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 301 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FIRST DISTRICT. 

Camden, Gloucester and Salem Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 206,396.) 

WILLIAM J. BROWNING. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Browning- was born in Camden, N. J., April 11th, 
1850, and is in the insurance business, having- been 
formerly a dry goods merchant. He was a member of 
the Board of Education of the city of Camden from 
April 7th, 1879, to February 19th, 1883; a member of 
City Council of the city of Camden from November 
11th, 1886, until March 14th, 1890; was Postmaster of 
the city of Camden from July 1st, 1889, until June 
30th, 1894, having- been appointed by President Har- 
rison, and Chief Clerk of the House of Representa- 
tives, Washington, D. C, from December 19th, 1895, 
until April 17th, 1911. Mr. Browning was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives from the 
First Congressional District of New Jersey to All the 
unexpired term of Hon. H. C. Loudenslager, deceased, 
on November 7th, 1911, receiving a plurality of 2,654 
over Thomas M. Ferrell, Democrat, a former Con- 
gressman, State Senator and Assemblyman. In 1912 he 
was elected to a full term by a plurality of 1,302 over 
Craven, Dem. 

Browning, Rep., 14,472; Craven, Dem., 13,170; Jess, 
Prog., 5,891; Chenowith, Prog., 1,017; Shourds, Soc, 
1,830; Surtees, Pro., 537. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 

Cape May, Atlantic, Cumberland and Burlington 

Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 213,357.) 

J. THOMPSON BAKER. 

(Dem., Wildwood.) 

Mr. Baker comes of Colonial stock, his family being 
one of the oldest in America. He is the son of a Penn- 



302 BIOGRAPHIES. 

sylvania farmer and was born in Union County, Pa., 
April 13, 1847, and is an attorney and counsellor-at- 
law. He was educated in a country school and in 
Bucknell University; then studied law with the late 
Judge Bucher, of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. He prac- 
ticed law witli eminent success; was for twelve years 
president of the Union National Bank, and was con- 
cerned in every public improvement. 

A quarter of a century ago Mr. Baker and his 
brothers became much interested in the development 
of South Jersey, and founded the City of Wildwood, 
where he resid'es. The marvelous growth of this 
far-famed resort is identified' with the name of Baker 
Brothers. 

In 1911 Mr. Baker was elected Mayor of the newly- 
consolidated City of Wildwood, but was retired from 
that ofRce through the substitution of commission 
form of government, September, 1912. 

Mr. Baker was elected to Congress by a plurality 
of 3,800 over Gardner, Republican. 

Baker, Dem., 16,130; Gardner, Rep., 12,330; Potter, 
Prog., 7,384; Eavenson, Pro., 806; McKeen, Soc, 749. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 

Middlesex, Monmouth and Ocean Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 230,478.) 

THOMAS J. SCULLY. 

(Dem., South Amboy.) 

Mr. Scully was born in South Amboy, N. J., Septem- 
ber 19, 1868, and is in the towing and transportation 
business. He received his education in the schools of 
his native town and at Seton Hall College, from 
which he was graduated with honors. His father, John 
Scully, established the towing business when the Con- 
gressman was only six years old. When he left col- 
lege young Scully was taken into the business by his 
father, and from that time dates the remarkable 
growth of the Scully Towing and Transportation Com- 
pany, which is far in excess of anything of its kind 
on this hemisphere. Fifty odd ocean-going tugs and 
barges, bearing the sign of this company, transport 



BIOGRAPHIES. 303 

over a million tons of freight a year. They poke Into 
all the quarters of the world. 

John Scully started his towing business in 1874. 
practically as a local enterprise. He towed all the 
freight from the Pennsylvania terminal at South Am- 
boy, up to New York harbor, and in due time also 
got the terminal business of the Lehigh Valley at 
Perth Amboy. His enterprise thrived as tlie railroad 
business thrived, and, indeed, it thrived only too 
well, for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, seeing 
its success, decided to go into the towing business It- 
self. Its own fleet of tugs steamed up the bay, took 
the lighters, and left the Scully tugs to lie at their 
docks or seek other fields. The Lehigh Valley fol- 
lowed suit. 

It was while the Scully tugs were seeking other 
fields that Thomas stepped from college to the tow- 
ing office. While his father is still in the business, the 
son is now the actual head of the towing and trans- 
portation company, and he is the man who has raised 
the business from a local to a world-wide one. The 
company employs from 500 to 600 men, pays the best 
wages in New York harbor and surrounding waters 
and has never had any kind of trouble with the 
hands. Mr. Scully knows every detail of navigation. 
He can handle every one of his boats, and, what is 
more, he knows everything about their construction. 
He superintends his own shipbuilding, so that to the 
last inch his craft and their needs are familiar to 
him. 

Mr. Scully served three years with credit In the 
South Amboy Board of Education, then dropped out 
of sight as a public official for a dozen, years. 

South Amboy became a city in 1908. The town had 
been backward in growth, and Its citizens thought it 
might do better as a full fledged city. But, after a 
few months, its mayor. Dr. Ambrose Treganowan, 
resigned, and affairs were in so upset a state gener- 
ally that progress seemed further off than ever. Mr. 
Scully was chosen by Council to fill the unexpired 
term. In November, 1909, he was nominated by the 
Democrats for re-election, and won by a vote of 
about two to one. Then he set up a definite platform 
of things he proposed doing. And he sent a message 
to City Council asking that his platform plans be 
carried out. They were not trifling things, either, for 



304 BIOGRAPHIES. 

a city of the third class. He established a new sew- 
erage system, improved the water accommodations 
and the public docks, and reorganized the fire and 
police departments. All this being done with a lower 
tax rate. 

Mr. Scully was a delegate to the Democratic 
National Conventions of 1908 and 1912, and' Presiden- 
tial Elector in the former year. In 1910' he defeated 
Benjamin F. Howell, Republican, for Congress, by a. 
plurality of 4,497. He was re-elected to Congress in 
1912 by a plurality of 6,233 over Benjamin F. S. 
Brown, Republican. 

Scuiay, Dem., 20,5>96; Brown, Rep., 14,3'63; Scott, 
Pro., 723; Schloss, Soc, 505. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Hunterdon, Somerset and Mercer Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 198,046.) 

ALLAN B. WALSH. 

(Dem., Trenton.) 

Mr. Walsh was born in Trenton on August 29, 1873. 
His early education was acquired in the parochial 
and public schools of Trenton. When a mere youth 
he exhibited an interest in the study of electricity, 
and upon leaving school he decided to take it up as 
his life work. In 1891 he took a position, with the 
Trenton Light and Power Company, remaining in its 
employ until 1898. During this period he improved 
his general education and technical knowledge of 
electricity through the medium of night and corre- 
spondence schools. In 1900 Mr. Walsh accepted a 
position in the electrical testing department of the 
John A. Roebling Sons' Company, and managed to 
advance himself three years later into the position 
of foreman of the department, which he held; until 
1911. 

Mr. Walsh was elected to the House of Assembly 
in 1909 and re-elected in 1910, and was the first 
Democrat in seventeen years from Mercer county in 
that body. He took a very active part in legislation 
during his service of two years, and was sponsor for 
the law providing commission government for munic- 
ipalities. He was chairman of the Joint Committee 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 805 

on Governor Wilson's inaug-uration. He was ap- 
pointed by the Governor as New Jersey's representa- 
tive to the National Employers' Liability Convention, 
which was held in Philadelphia under the auspices 
of the American Academy of Political and Social Sci- 
ence. In 1911 he was appointed Secretary of the 
Mercer County Board for the Equalization of Taxes. 

Mr. W*,lsh was elected to the National House of 
Representatives on November 5, 1912, by a plurality 
of 4,615 over Blackman, Republican. He is the first 
Democratic member of Congress from Mercer county 
since 1855, when Charles Skelton, of Trenton, was 
the Representative. 

Walsh, Dem., 13,222; Blackman, Rep., 8,607; Gill. 
Prog., 6,685; Gilbert, Soc, 553; Lunger, Pro., 285; 
Yardley. Soc.-Lab., 57. 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Union and Morris Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 214,901.) 

WILLIAM E. TUTTLE, JR. 

(Dem., Westfield.) . 

Mr. Tuttle was born at Horseheads, N. Y., Decem- 
ber 10, 1870, and is in the lumber business. He was 
graduated from Elmira Free Academy in the class of 
1887. After studying- at Cornell University two years, 
he entered the lumber business at; Horseheads and 
came to Westfield, N. J. in 1897. He has been presi- 
dent of Westfield Board of Trade since its organiza- 
tion, is a director of the People's National Bank and 
the Mutual Building and Loan Association. He was a 
candidate for Assembly in 1907, was delegate from 
the Fifth District to the Democratic National Conven- 
tion in 1908, and has been chairman of the Union 
County Democratic Committee since 1907. Mr. Tuttle 
was elected to the Sixty-second Congress by a plural- 
ity of 3,093 over Runyon, Republican, and to the 
Sixty-third by a plurality of 3,835 'over the same 
opponent. 

Tuttle, Dem., 13.920; Runyon, Rep., 10,085; Ennis, 
Prog., 7,393; Matthews, Soo.. 2.06*6; Ely. Pro.. 384; 
Sandberg, Soc.-Lab.. 88. 

20 



306 CONGRESSIONAL. DISTRICTS. 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Bergen, Sussex and Warren Counties and the Town- 
ships of Pompton and West Milford, in the 
County of Passaic. 
(Population, census of 1910, 213,981.) 
ARCHIBALD C. HART. 
(Dem., Hackensack.) 

Mr. Hart was born at Sherbrooke, Canada, February 
27th, 1873, and is a lawyer, real estate developer and 
banker. He is president of the First National Bank of 
Lodi, N. J., and also several large realty companies. 
He served in the Spanish-American war, when he was 
secretary at General Fitzhugh Lee's headquarters. 

Mr. Hart was a delegate to the National Democratic 
Convention of 1908. In 1907 he was a candidate for 
State Senator in Bergen county, and was defeated by 
679 votes. He was a member of the Sixty-second Con- 
gress from the old Sixth district, succeeding William 
Hughes, who had resigned the office. Mr. Hart was 
elected to Congress on November 12th, 1912, by a plu- 
rality of 1872. ■ 

Congressman Lewis J. Martin, representative of the 
new district, died on May 5th, 1913. A special election 
to fill the vacancy was called for July 23d, and at the 
primary election whicli was held on July 8th, Mr. Hart 
was nominated b.y a plurality of 2,086 over Harvey S. 
Hopkins, of Sussex. At the special election he was 
elected by a plurality of 5,730' over Stephen Wood Mc- 
Clave, the Republican candidate. 

Hart, Dem., 8,722; McClave, Rep., 2,992; Bailey, 
Prog.-Roosevelt, 2,420; Dutt, Pro., 259; KrafCt, Soc, 85. 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 307 

SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Passaic County, excepting the Townships of Pompton 

and West Milford. 

(Population, census of 1910, 209,891.) 

ROBERT GUNN BREMNER. 

(Dem., Passaic.) 

Mr. Bremner was born December 17, 1874, in Keiss, 
Caithness, in the north of Scotland, but a few miles 
from John O'Groat's, the most northerly point. His 
forefathers for generations followed the sea and were 
engaged in the fishing industry. "While he was still 
young, Mr. Bremner's parents went to Canada. He 
attended public and high schools there, and before he 
reached his majority he came to the United States. 

In New York he worked as a carpenter and after- 
wards as an electrician. Coming to Paterson in 1895, 
he obtained a position as reporter on the News. He 
enlisted in the Spanish-American War. On returning, 
he worked on nearly all the Paterson papers. 

Mr. Bremner took control of the Passaic Daily 
Herald in 1902 and is still its editor and publisher. 

Congressman Bremner had never been bitten by the 
political bee, and until just before the last primary 
election his only interest in politics had been those 
of his editorial position on his paper, one of the 
strongest Democratic organs of the State. When it 
became known that Congressman William Hughes 
was to resign to take up the position of Judge of the 
Passaic County Court of Common Pleas, to which he 
had been appointed by Governor Wilson, Mr. Brem- 
ner's many friends urged him to become a candidate 
for Congress. At first he refused utterly to consider 
this, but continued urging finally brought about his 
consent. He was an easy winner at the primaries 
and became the party's nominee. He made an aggres- 
sive campaign, notwithstanding continued ill health, 
and won out with a pluraldty of 3,324. 

Bremner, Dem., 9,990; Smith, Rep., 6,666; Marelli, 
Prog., 4,746; Luthringer, Jr., Soc, 1,649; Katz, Soc- 
Lab., 481; Rowland^ Pro., 149. 



308 ' BIOGRAPHIES. 

EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

The Eighth, Eleventh and Fifteenth wards of the 
city of Newark, the towns of Belleville, Bloomfield 
and Nutley, all in the county of Essex, and the 
towns of Harrison and Kearny, the borough of East 
Newark, the Seventh ward of the city of Jersey 
City and the city of Bayonne, all in the county of 
Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1910, 207,642.) 

EUGENE F. KINKEAD. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Kinkead was born at Buttevant, Ireland, March 

27th, 1876, while his mother was on a visit to that 

country for her health. He is in the business- of car 

advertising. He was an Alderman of the Tenth ward, 

Jersey City, in 1899 and 1900, and was president of 

the Board of Aldermen in 1908. 

He was re-elected to Congress by a plurality of 
4,531 over Bouton, Rep. -Prog. 

Kinkead, Dem., 14,058; Bouton, Rep. -Prog., 9,527; 
Tew, "Taft for President," 2,269; Headley, Soc, 913; 
MacMillan, Pro., 119. 



NINTH DISTRICT. 

The cities of East Orange and Orange and the First, 
Third, Sixth, Seventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth 
wards of the city of Newark. 

(Population, census of 1910, 213,027.) 

WALTER I. M'COY. 

(Dem., South Orange.) 

Mr. McCoy was born at Troy, N. Y., December 8, 

1859, and is an attorney and counselor-at-law. His 

father was born in Sussex county and his mother in 

Morris county, N. J. Mr. McCoy was graduated from 

Harvard University in 1882, and from Harvard Law 

School in 1886. He was an alternate delegate to the 

Democratic National Convention in 1904 and attended 

the convention in the absence of the delegate, and he 

was also a delegate to the Democratic National Con- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 309 

vention of 1908. He was a trustee of the village of 
South Orange in 1893-1895; 1901-1903; 1905 and 1910. 
He was re-elected to Congress by a plurality of 3,793 
over Walker, Prog. 

McCoy, Dem.. 10,196; Walker, Prog., 6,403; Parker, 
Rep., 5,818; Bohm, Soc, 1,454; Berryman, Pro., 172. 



TENTH DISTRICT. 

The Second, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth and 
Sixteenth wards of the city of Newark, the towns 
of Irvington, Montclair and West Orange, the bor- 
oughs of Caldwell, Essex Fells, Glen Ridge, North 
Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, and the 
townships of Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Livingston, 
Millburn, South Orange and the -village of South 
Orange, all in the county of Essex. 

(Population, census of 1910, 206,693.) 

EDWARD WATERMAN TOWNSEND. 

(Dem., Montclair.) 

Mr. Townsend, a journalist, author and playwright, 
was born in Cleveland, Ohio, February 10, 1855, is a 
son of Horace Gilbert Townsend and was educated In 
the public schools. He engaged in newspaper work 
on the Pacific coast, went to New York in 1889 and 
worked on The Sun; became prominent for studies of 
Bowery life and dialect, and later as a dramatist. He 
is the author of "Chimmie Fadden," "Major Max," "A 
Daughter of the Tenements," etc. He worked as a 
reporter on San Francisco papers and his stories were 
first published in the San Francisco Argonaut in 1882. 
He is a devotee of golf and yachting. He was a can- 
didate for Congress in 1908 and was defeated by 
Richard Wayne Parker. He was elected in 1910 over 
Mr, Parker and was re-elected in 1912 in a new dis- 
trict by a plurality of 3,007 over Morgan, Prog. 

Townsend, Dem., 10,854; Morgan, Prog,, 7,847; 
Adams, Rep., 7,111; Cairns, Soc, ],ai4; Gould, Pro., 105. 



310 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 

The townships of Weehawken and North Bergen, the 
towns of Guttenberg-, West Hoboken, West New 
York and Union and the borough of Secaucus, the 
city of Hoboken and the Second ward in the city 
of Jersey City, all in the county of Hudson. 
(Population, census of 1910, 199,612.) 
JOHN J. EAGAN. 
(Dem., Weehawken.) 
Mr. Eagan was born in Hoboken, N. J., January 22, 
1872, and is a school principal, and formerly was an 
expert law and general stenographer. In 1880' he 
removed to West Hoboken and the following year to 
Union Hill, where he resided for nearly twenty years, 
then to Hoboken, where he lived from 1899 to 19a7. 
For the past five years he has resided in Weehawken. 
He was a teacher in the Hoboken High School for 
several years. 

Mr. Eagan is founder and president of the Eagan 
Schools of Business, of Hoboken, Union Hill and 
Hackensack, in New Jersey, and of the Eagan Schools 
of Business of New York, one of which is located In 
the Evening Post building, 20 Vesey street, the other 
in the Bryant Park building, Forty-second street and 
Sixth avenue. He was Collector of Taxes, Town of 
Union, from 1896 to 1899. In 1912 he was elected to 
Congress by a plurality of 7,190 over Besson, Rep. 

Eagan, Dem., 14,208; Besson, Rep., 7,018; Reilly, 
Soc, 1,429; Sweeney, Soc.-Lab., 96; Slllcox, Pro., 74. 



TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth, 
Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth wards of Jersey City, 
all in the county of Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1910, 223,138.) 

JAMES A. HAMILL. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Hamill was born in the old Sixth Ward of Jersey 

City, March 31, 1877, and is a couiselor-at-law. In the year 

1890 he entered St. Peter's College, of Jersey City, and was 

graduated from that institution In 1897, receiving the de- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 311 

gree of Bachelor of Arts. Returning the subsequent year, 
he completed the post graduate course in philosophy and 
received the degree of Master of Arts. He studied law 
in the office of the late Isaac Taylor, a one-time law part- 
ner of the late Chancellor Alexander T, McGill. While a 
student in the office of Mr. Taylor, ilr. Hamill attended 
the lectures of the New York Law School, and on conti- 
pleting the regular course of two years was awarded the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. In the year 1900, at the June 
term cf the Supreme Court, he was admitted to the bar, 
and since then has practiced his profession in Jersey City. 
Mr. Hamill served four years as a member of the House 
of Assembly from Pludson county and he was minority 
leader for two years. His personal popularity is wide- 
spread and he is noted for oratory and skill in debate. He 
served as a member of the Sixtieth, Sixty-first and 
Sixty-second Congresses and was elected to the Sixty- 
third, in a new district, by a plurality of 9,891 over 
Record, Rep. -Prog. 

Hamill, Dem., 17,980; Record, Rep. -Prog., 8,089; 
Parker, Pro., 421; Mead, 160. 



312 EXTRA SESSIONS. 

EXTRA SESSIONS OF THE LEGISLATURE AND 
SPECIAL SESSIONS OP THE SENATE. 

1861— An extra session of the Leelslature was convened on 
April SOtli, and adjourned on May 10th, 1861, called In 
obedience to Governor Olden's proclamation, to raise 
troops for the war. Laws enacted, 13; Joint Reso- 
lutions, 2. 

1877— A special session of the Senate was convened In 1877, 
for the purpose of acting on the Governor's nomina- 
tions of District Court Judges. It met on March 28th 
and adjourned on March 30th. 

1884— A* special session of the Senate was convened in 1884, 
to act on the Governor's nominations for members of 
the State Board of Assessors. It met on April 23d 
and lasted two hours. 

1897— An extra session of the Legislature was called on 
May 25th, 1897, to correct an error In a law providing 
for the submission to the people of proposed amend- 
ments to the Constitution. The session met at noon 
and adjourned sine die the same day at 6:47 P. M. 

1903— An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
April 21st, 1903, to correct an error In the "Passaic 
Valley Sewerage District act" of 1903. The session 
lasted about five hours and a final adjournment was 
effected on the same day. 

1903— Another extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on October 15th, 1903, to pass an act to estab- 
lish a system of public instruction to take the place 
of an act of March 26th, 1902, which had been declared 
unconstitutional by the Court of Errors and Appeals. 
The session covered four days, and a final adjourn- 
ment was effected on October 19th. The action of 
the Legislature was confined to the subject for which 
It was convened In extraordinary session. 

1904— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 12th to consider the report of the Morris Canal 
Commission and the bill to prevent the shooting of 
pigeons from traps. The session was adjourned on 
the night of the same day, after having passed four 
bills which became laws. 

1908— A special session of the Senate was convened on 
Friday, May 8th, to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only a few hours, when there 
was a final adjournment 



EXTRA SESSIONS. 313 

1913 — An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
on May 6th to consider a new jury system, pro- 
posed constitutional convention and small board 
government for counties. After several recesses 
a final adjournment occurred on May 26th. Laws 
enacted, 22. 

Another extra session of the Legislature con- 
vened on August 5th to consider questions relat- 
ing to Jersey City commission government, and a 
final adjournment occurred on August 12th, 
Laws enacted, 2. 



314 BIOGRAPHIES. 

STATE SENATORS, 



Atlantic County. 

(Population, 71,894.) 

WALTER E. EDGE. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Senator Edge was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Novem- 
ber 20th, 1873, and is in the general advertising busi- 
ness. He was a member of the personal staff of Gov- 
ernors Murphy and Stokes and at present is Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Chief of Ordnance Department on staff 
of Major-General C. Edward Murray, New Jersey Na- 
tional Guard. In 1897, '98, '99 the Colonel served as 
Journal Clerk of the New Jersey State Senate, and' in 
1901, '02, '03, '04 was Secretary of that body. He was 
a Presidential Elector the same year. He was elected 
to the Assembly in 1909 by the phenomenal plurality 
of 7,798 over Burgan, the Democratic candidate. This 
is the largest plurality ever given in Atlantic county. 
He served as Republican leader of the House of As- 
sembly in 1910'. He was elected to the State Senate in 
1910 by a plurality of 5,496 over Langham, Democrat. 
In 1912 he was the majority leader on the floor of the 
Senate. Last year he served on the Committees on Cor- 
porations, Labor and Industry, Passed Bills, New Jersey 
Reformatory and Printed Bills. 

In 1913 the Colonel was re-elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 3,990 over Shaner, Dem. 

1913— Edge, Rep., 7,198; Shaner, Dem., 3,208; Marvel, 
Prog., 1,046; Lerner, Soc, 209; Lynch, Pro., 179. 



Bergen County. 

(Population, 138,002.) 

CHARLES O'CONNOR HENNESST. 
(Dem., Haworth.) 

Mr. Hennessy was born in Waterford, Ireland, Sep- 
tember 11th, 1860, and is manager of The Franklin So- 
ciety for Home Building and Savings of New York. He 



BIOGRAPHIES. 315 

was formerly a newspaper writer and editor. He was 
educated in the public schools of Brooklyn, and was ac- 
tive in social reform and political movements in that 
city for years before making his home in New Jersey, 
about eighteen years ago. He is known throughout the 
United States as an authority and as a writer and 
speaker upon co-operative financiering, and has been 
the president of the New York State League of Savings 
and Loan Associations, as well as president of the 
United States League of Local Building-Loan Associa- 
tions, an organization that includes the representatives 
of twenty-two states. In 1911 by running ahead of his 
ticket, he was elected to the Assembly on the Demo- 
cratic ticket by a plurality of 138 over Wells, Republi- 
can, and with two Republican associates. In 1912 he 
was re-elected, with two Democratic associates, run- 
ning nearly 700 votes ahead of his nearest associate on 
the Assembly ticket. Last year he served as chairman 
of the Assembly Committee on Appropriations and as a 
member of the Committee on Railroads and Canals. 

Mr. Hennessy was elected Senator from Bergen in 
1913 by a plurality of 1837 over ex-Judge Milton Dema- 
rest, the Republican candidate. Again he showed his 
standing with his constituency by polling over 800 votes 
more than the vote cast for the Democratic Assembly 
candidates. 

1913 — Hennessy, Dem., 10,628; Demarest, Rep., 8,791; 
Zabriskie, Prog., 2,141; Peter F. Hopper, Pro., 260; 
Craig, Soc, 876; May, Soc.-Lab., 180. 



Burlington County. 

(Population, 66,565.) 

BLANCHARD H. WHITE. 
(Rep,, Mount Holly.) 

Senator White was born on the old homestead farm 
in Springfield township, Burlington county, N. J., 
June 30, 1864, and is the son of Benjamin White, and 
is a lawyer by profession. He was clerk of the 
Board of Freeholders in 1898-99. He attended the 
public schools and was graduated under the late 
County Superintendent Edgar A. Haas and Preceptor 
William E. Gaskill of the Juliustown public school. 



316 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and then engaged in mercantile business as traveling 
salesman, after which he secured a position in the 
Eddystone Print works, at Eddystone, Delaware 
county, Pa. Upon the death of his brother, A. 
Harry White, February 10, 1892, who was a mem- 
ber of the Legislature in 1891-92, he returned home 
and took up the study of law In the office of Charles 
E. Hendrickson, since a Justice of the Supreme Court, 
and finished his course in the office of Eckard P. Budd, 
then Prosecutor of Burlington county. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar at the June term, 1896, and has been 
practicing his profession since with his office at Mount 
Holly. 

Mr. White is always in sympathy with every 
movement to better the condition of the whole people 
and every measure framed for their betterment, for 
honest, economic government. Equal taxation and 
other needed reforms can always count upon his 
earnest, honest support. 

He is prominently associated with the Masons, Odd 
Fellows, Knights of Pythias, B. P. O. E., Brotherhood 
of the Union, and is a Past Great Sachem of the Great 
Council, Improved Order of Red Men of the State of 
New Jersey. 

He served three terms in the House of Assembly 
and was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 249 
over Kelsey, Dem. Mr. White was the only Republi- 
can Senator cliosen at the State election in November, 
1912. Last year he served on the Committees on High- 
ways, Unfinished Business and State Home for Boys. 

1912 — White, Rep., 4,983; Kelsey, Dem., 4,734; Shed- 
aker, Prog., 2.280; Whitman, Soc, 251. 



Camden Connty. 

(Population, 142,029.) 

WILLIAM THACKARA READ. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Senator Read was born in Camden, N. J., Novem- 
ber 22d, 1878, and is a counsellor-at-law of New Jer- 
sey. He was educated in the public schools of Cam- 
den and William Penn Charter School of Philadel- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 317 

phia and was graduated from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1900 with degree of Bachelor of Science. 
He was registered as a law student in the office of J. 
Willard Morgan, former State Comptroller, and at- 
tended the Law School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney at the November term, 1903, and as a 
counsellor three years later. Since his admission he 
has practised law at Camden. He is vice-president, also 
solicitor, of the First National Bank of Camden, and so- 
licitor of the Mutual Building and Loan Association of 
Camden; a director of the West Jersey Trust Company 
of Camden, and of the Colestown Cemetery Company; 
also a member of the Board of Managers of Camden 
County Bar Association, member of the New Jersey So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania, of the New Jersey State Bar As- 
sociation, and of the American Bar Association, and has 
been district examiner of the Board of Education of 
the city of Camden over eight years; has been Solicitor 
of the borough of Riverton from January 1st, 1910 to 
1914, and of the township of Voorhees from January 1st, 
1911 to 1914. In March, 1909, he was appointed second 
lieutenant of the Third Regiment, N. G. N. J., and as- 
signed to the First Battalion as Quartermaster ana 
Commissary. In 1909, '10, '11 he was an expert rifle- 
man, a member of tlie Third Regiment rifle team 1910-- 
11, and a member of New Jersey State Rifle Team, 1910. 
In the spring of 1913 he was appointed to serve on the 
staff of Adjutant-General Sadler with the rank of Ma- 
jor. He is a member of Camden Lodge, No. 15, F. and 
A. M., Siloam Chapter, Van Hook Council, Excelsior 
Consistory 32d Degree, Tall Cedars of Lebanon and 
Crescent Temple. He is also a member of the American 
Academy of Political and Social Science, and the Army 
and Navy Club of New York. He was elected to the 
Senate by a plurality of 1,255 over French, Dem. 

He was also a member of the Jury Reform Commis- 
sion. He was minority leader on the floor of the Sen- 
ate in 1913, and served on the following committees: 
Judiciarj', Militia, Stationery and Incidental Expenses, 
Public Printing and Deaf Mutes. 

1911 — Read, Rep., 11,907; French, Dem., 10,652; Aleck, 
Soc, 1,712; Carselberry, Pro., 568. 



318 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Cape 3Iay County. 

(Population, 19,745.) 

HARRY C. WHEATON. 
(Dem., Anglesea.) 

Senator Wheaton was born at Petersburg, Cape May- 
county, November 23d, 1857. He is the son of Lewis 
Wheaton, a prominent hotel keeper for many years at 
Cape May Court House, the county seat, and a member 
of one of the oldest families of Atlantic and Cape May 
counties. He was Mayor of North Wildwood, and is by- 
occupation a blacksmith He was educated in the public 
schools of Cape May county; religiously he is a Bap- 
tistr fraternally a Mason and Tall Cedar Early in life 
he took an active interest in politics, engaging in many 
warm, earnest debates over his anvil He is an ardent 
Democrat, but always fair to his opponent; a progres- 
sive of progressives, and believing more in the integrity 
of men than in the deceptive planks of platforms, he is 
honest, frank and agreeable. Since his active experi- 
ence of one year in the Senate he is known through- 
out the State as the "Blacksmith Orator." Last year he 
served as chairman of the Senate Committees on Agri- 
culture and Commerce and Navigation, and as member 
of the Committee on Unfinished Business and of the 
Joint Committees on State Prison, the Committee for 
Feeble Minded Women, the Sinking Fund and on 
Printed Bills. As a member of the State Prison Com- 
mittee he introduced and had passed the State Prison 
Parole bill. He also introduced and had passed the bill 
for a closed season for lobsters, and has been active in 
inducing the United States government to stock the 
Cold Spring Harbor with lobsters. He was elected Sen- 
ator by a plurality of 379 over Lewis M. Cresse, Rep., 
in 1912. 

1912 — Wheaton, Dem., 2,050; Cresse, Rep., 1,671; 
Bright, Prog., 961; Yerkes, Pro., 63. 



BIOGRAPHIES, 319 

Cumberland County. 

(Population, 55,153.) 

JOHN A. ACKLET. 
(Dem., Vineland.) 

Senator Ackley was born at Absecon, N. J., July 14th, 
1854, and is in the real estate, auctioneer and general 
merchandising business. He received his education 
in the Bridgeton and Vineland public schools, has 
worked in many different branches of industry and 
now carries on his business In Vineland and Wild- 
wood. He is an expert in real estate appraisement. 
He has been actively engaged in business twenty- 
eight years, always interested in public affairs — in 
political and social reform, and is a member of many 
social and fraternal organizations. Mr. Ackley was 
a justice of the peace from 1888 to 1903, a member of 
Council from 1897 to 1900, of the Board of Education 
from 1907 to 1910, a trustee of the Public Library, 
and is a member of the Boards of Trade in Vineland 
and Wildwood. He was a member of the House of As- 
sembly in 1913, and served on the Committees on Edu- 
cation and Highways, and was chairman of the Com- 
mittees on Home for Feeble- Minded Women and 
Soldiers' Home. 

Mr. Ackley was elected to the State Senate by a plu- 
rality of 226 over Davis, Republican. 

1913— Ackley, Dem., 3,426; Davis, Rep., 3,200; Fith- 
ian, Prog., 1,826; McKeen, Soc, 211. 



Essex County. 

(Population, 512,886.) 

AUSTEN COLGATE. 
(Rep., Orange.) 

Senator Colgate was born at Orange, N. J., August 
12th, 1863, is a manufacturer and a graduate of Yale 
University. He was a member of the Assembly in 
1906, 1908 and 1909. He was appointed by Governor 
Fort as his personal Aide in the winter of 1908. He 
is Deputy Adjutant-General of the National Guard of 



320 BIOGRAPHIES. 

New Jersey and a thirty-second degree Mason. He is 
president of the Jersey City Cliamber of Commerce. 
The Colonel was elected to the State Senate in Novem- 
ber, 1911, by a plurality of 4,862 over Harry V. Os- 
borne, Democrat, his predecessor in office. Last year 
he served on the Committees on Game and Fish, Rail- 
roads and Canals, Riparian Riglits, Home for Feeble 
Minded Children and State Library. 

1911 — Colgate, Rep., 29,129; Osborne, Dem., 24,267; 
Sherwln, Soc, 3,143; Logan, Pro., 369. 



Gloucester County. 

(Population, 37,368.) 

GEORGE W. F. GAUNT. 
(Rep., MuUica Hill.) 

Senator Gaunt was born in Mantua township, 
Gloucester county, September 9, 1865, on the "Home- 
stead Farm," residing there until March 5, 1901, when 
he purchased the farm he now owns and operates near 
Mullica Hill. Mr. Gaunt was educated in the public 
schools of the county, graduating from the Deptford 
school, Woodbury. He is regarded as an authority on 
all matters pertaining to agriculture, a successful 
farmer and a man of wonderful executive ability, which 
has been best shown by the rapid and substantial 
growth made by the New Jersey State Grange during 
his nine years as Master; an organization which has 
grown In membership from approximately 3,000 to 
18,000. 

He was not new to the legislative methods as his 
voice has been often heard during recent years be- 
fore committees of that body in the interests of legis- 
lation concerning the agricultural and dairy interests 
of the State. 

He served the National Grange as Lecturer for four 
years, and at its 1909 session, held in Des Moines, 
Iowa, was honored by election to the highest official 
position within the gift of the Grange; he is also a 
member ot the Masonic fraternity. In 1908 he was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 524 over New- 
ton, Democrat. 

His first year in the Senate was made especially 



BIOGRAPHIES. 321 

eventful by his strong, earnest and successful fight for 
the passage of the "Trolley Freight Bill." Subse- 
quently he took an active part in Public Utility, Cold 
Storage, Commission on Tuberculosis in Animals, 
Good Roads and Automobile legislation. He intro- 
duced and had passed the fifty-year franchise act. 
He was re-elected to the Senate in 1911 by a plurality 
of 518 over George B. Hurff, Democrat. Last year he 
served on the Committees on Agriculture, Public 
Health, Sinking Fund, Clergy and Home for Feeble 
Minded Women. 

1911 — Gaunt, Rep., 3,516; Hurff. Dem., 2,998; 
Shourds, Soc, 278; Eastlack, Pro., 344. 



Hudson County. 

(Population, 537,231.) 

CHARLES M. EGAN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Senator Egan was born in Jersey City, September 
21, 1877. He is a son of the late Michael and Maria 
Egan; the former was an officer in General Meagher's 
famous "Irish Brigade." which rendered such gallant 
service in the Civil War — being Captain of Company 
G, 88th New York Volunteers. Captain Egan won 
honor and distinction upon the field of battle and bore 
the reputation of being one of the most daring sol- 
diers in the "Irish Brigade;" he was wounded nine 
times and his Companj^, which was organized with 
118 men, lost, in killed and wounded. 112 men. The 
Senator is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
in St. :Michaers Parochial School. Public School No. 
21 and St. Peter's College, all of Jersey City. He at- 
tended the New York Law School, served his clerk- 
ship in the office of John Griffin, now vice-chancellor, 
and was admitted to the bar November 13th, 1899. 
He was a member of tiie House of Assembly during 
the years 1911, 1912 and 1913. He received the highest 
vote at the primaries held in Septem.ber, 1911, and 
again at those held in September, 1912, and. also, at 
the general elections held in November, 1911, and in 
November, 1912. He served as majority leader in the 
House of Assembly in 1913. He was elected to the 
Senate in November, 1913, bv the phenomenal plu- 
rality of 28,213 votes over Philip W^ Grece, the Re- 
publican candidate; this plurality, for a county can- 
didate, establishes a "high-water" mark — being the 
largest plurality ever given a candidate for public 
office in any countv in the State of New Jersey. 

1913 — Egan, Dem., 39,141; Grece, Rep. and Fusion, 
10,898; Higgins, Prog., 6,635; Quinlan, Soc, 2,955; 
Parker, Pro., 545; Sweeney, Soc.-Lab., 359. 

21 



322 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Hunterdon County. 

(Population, 33,569.) 

GEORGE F. MARTENS, JR. 
(Dem., New Germantown.) 

Senator Martens was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary 21st, 1867. He served three years in the House 
of Assembly^ — 1897, '98 and '99, and one term asi State 
Senator — 1904 to 1907. He was elected again to the 
State Senate in 1912 by a plurality of 1,114 over 
Haynes, Rep. Last year he served as chairman of tlie 
Committees on Finance and Federal Relations and as 
a member of the Committees on Highways, Militia, 
Passed Bills and Sanitorium for Tuberculous Diseases. 

1912 — Martens, Jr., Dem., 3,321; Haynes, Rep., 2,207; 
Niece, Prog., 688; McEwan, Pro., 128. 



Mercer County. 

(Population, 125,627.) 

BARTON B. HUTCHINSON. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Senator Hutchinson was born at Allentown, Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey, June 10th, 1860, and is a 
lawj^er by profession. He began the study of law in 
1877; was admitted as an attorney at the June term, 
1881, and as a counselor three years later. He was 
vice-president of the Trenton Board of Trade in 1888 
and 1889, and president of the same body in 1890. For 
two years lie was a member and secretary of the Re- 
publican City Executive Committee of the city of 
Trenton. He was a member of the House of Assembly, 
representing the old First district of Mercer county, 
in 1892 and '93, and in the latter year was the Re- 
publican leader on the floor of the House, when he 
strongly opposed the enactment of race-track legisla- 
tion. In 1904 he was elected to the State Senate by 
a plurality of 5,692 over former Vice-Chancellor John 
T. Bird, his Democratic opponent. During his service 
as Senator he was a member of leading committees, 
took a very active part in legislation and made a most 



BIOGRAPHIES. . 323 

creditable record. Owing to business reasons lie did 
not become a candidate for re-election to the Senate. 

In 1913, at the earnest solicitation of his friends, he 
consented to become a candidate for the Senate, and 
he was nominated at the primary election by a ma- 
jority of nearly 1,600 over former Assemblyman Henry 
D. Thompson. At the regular election on November 4th 
he was chosen by a plurality of 653 over John A. Mont- 
gomery, the Democratic candidate, his other opponent 
being A. Crozer Reeves on the Progressive ticket. 

1913 — Hutchinson, Rep., 6,968; Montgomery, Dem., 
6.315; Reeves, Prog., 3,978; Spair, Soc, 753. 



Middlesex County. 

(Population, 114,426.) 

WILLIAM E. RAMSAY. 

(Dem., Perth Amboy.) 

Dr. Ramsay was born at Prince Edward Island, 
November 11th, 1866, and is a physician by profes- 
sion. His parents early removed to Perth Amboy, 
where his father was engaged in business up to the 
time of his death in 1900. Aside from his business 
interests. Dr. Ramsay has won a wide reputation as 
a skillful surgeon. He was for three years in charge 
of the Baltimore City Insane Asylum, and afterward 
engaged in private practice in Perth Amboy. He is 
at present visiting surgeon to the Perth Amboy City 
Hospital and Is the author of a number of valuable 
scientific works. He is a member of the Middlesex 
County District Medical Society and the American 
Medical Association. He was Health Officer of the 
Port of Perth Amboy from 1894 to 1898. During the 
cholera scare in 1893 he was a special inspector^ of 
the United States Marine Hospital Service and has 
been Health Officer of Perth Amboy since 1898. Dr. 
Ramsay is a member of Raritan Lodge, No. 61, F. and 
A M., and Perth Amboy Lodge, No. 73, B. P. O. E. 
He served in the Legislatures of 1908, 1910 and 1911. 
He was elected to the Senate in 1912 by a plurality 
of 2,957 over Ten Broeck, Republican. Last year he 
served as chairman of the Committees on Labor and 
Industries and Stationery and Incidental Expenses, and 



324 BIOGRAPHIES. 

as a member of the Committees on Appropriations, 
Boroug-lis and Townships, Public Health, New Jersey- 
Reformatory and Treasurer's Accounts. 

1912 — Ramsay, Dem., 7,025; Ten Broeck, Rep., 4,068; 
Lyon, Prog., 3,455; Mason, Pro., 255; Yoder, Soc, 230^ 



Monmouth County. 

(Population, 94,734.) 

JOHN WEBLEY SLOCUM. 
(Dem., Long Branch.) 

Senator Slocum was born April 23d, 186'<, at Long 
Branch, N. J., and- has always made that city his home. 
The name of his ancestor John Slocum appears in the 
old records, May, 1668, as one of the associate pa- 
tentees of Monmouth county. He studied law in the 
office of Judge Wilbur A. Heisley, was admitted to 
the bar of New Jersey in June, 1888. and as a coun- 
sellor-at-law four years later. Chancellor William J. 
Magie appointed him a Special Master in Chancery on 
the recommendation of the late Henry Stafford Little. 
Mr. Slocum served as City Solicitor of Long Branch 
in 1897, 1898 and 1899, and was again appointed to the 
same office January 1st, 1906, which position he still 
holds. He is president of Long Branch "Daily Record," 
president of the Long Branch Sewer Company, trustee 
of the Monmouth Bar Association, director and coun- 
sel of the Hollywood Land Company, president of the 
Independent Fire Company and member of the Deal 
Golf Club. He is the only democratic Senator elected 
in Monmouth county in eighteen years. His majority 
over Hetrick, Republican, was 1,624. The Senator 
was a delegate to the Democratic National Conven- 
tion held at Baltimore in June, 1912, when Governor 
Wilson was nominated for President of the United 
States. Last year he served as chairman of the Com- 
mittees on Appropriations, Municipal Corporations, 
Unfinished Business, Sinking Fund and Soldiers' Home, 
and as a member of the Committees on Banks and In- 
suranc^e, Judiciarj', and Public Grounds and Buildings. 

1911— Slocum, Dem., 9,422; Hetrick, Rep., 7,798. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 325 

Morris County. 

(Population, 74,704.) 

CHARLES A. RATHBUN. 
(Rep,, Madison.) 

Senator Rathbun was born in Madison, N. J., Janu- 
ary 7th, 1867, and has always resided there. His an- 
cestors on his mother's side settled in Hanover, in this 
county, about 1722, while those on his father's side 
settled in Massachusetts prior to 1700. Mr. Rathbun 
attended the public school at Madison until he became 
a clerk in a drug store. After leaving the drug store 
in 1884 he entered the law office of Hon. John B. Vree- 
land in December of that year. In June, 1889, he was 
graduated with the degree of L.L.B., from the Co- 
lumbia College" Law School, and in the same month he 
was admitted by the Supreme Court of this State as 
an attorney-at-law, and three years later as a coun- 
selor-at-law. From his admission to the bar and until 
1897, he maintained his office with John O. H. Pitney 
in Newark, but in that year he moved his office to 
Morristown, where he has continued to practice law. 
In 1899 the Supreme Court appointed him a Supreme 
Court Commissioner and also one of the bar examiners. 
In 1904 Chancellor Magie appointed him a Special Mas- 
ter in Chancery. 

Mr. Rathbun has never held an elective office before, 
but he was attorney of the borough of Madison from 
May, 1897, to November, 1901, when he resigned. In 
January, 1906, he was induced to accept a reappoint- 
ment and has continued as borough attorney to the 
present time. He has served as counsel of the Morris 
County Board of Freeholders for two years, and as 
attorney of the borough of Florham Park for several 
years. His first appointments as attorney of Madison 
and Florham Park were made by l^emocratic mayors.* 
In 1903 he was appointed Prosecutor of the Pleas for 
Morris county by Governor Murphy, and in 1908 he 
was reappointed for a further term of five years by 
Governor Fort. 

Mr. Rathbun is a past-master of Madison Lodge, No. 
93, F. and A. M., and a charter member of Solomon 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine; also a past regent of 
North Jersey Council, No. 1181, of the Royal Arcanum, 



326 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and a member of the Tapkaow Club of Morristown. 
For nearly twenty years he was a director of the Y. 
M. C. A. of Madison, and he is a trustee of the Presby- 
terian Church of Madison. In politics he has always 
been a Republican. 

He was elected to the State Senate by a plurality of 
239 over Lyons, Democrat. 

1913 — Rathbun, Rep., 5,379; Lyons, Dem., 5,140; Hop- 
kins, Prog-., 1,208; Timmons, Soc., 492; Crane, Pro., 245. 



Ocean County. 

(Population, 21,318.) 

THOMAS ALFRED MATHIS. 
(Rep., Toms River.) 

Senator Mathis was born in New Gretna, N. J., June 
7, 1869, and is a Yatching Master Mariner. He was 
Councilman of the borough of Tuckerton from 190'2 
to 1906, inclusive, and a member of the Board of Com- 
missioners of Pilotage from 1906 to 1909. While a 
member of borough council of Tuckerton, he was the 
prime mover in the building of docks along Tuckerton 
creek, personally supervising the work. He was an 
active member of the Tuckerton Creek Improvement 
Committee, and it was in a great measure due to his 
untiring efforts that the United States government 
recommended an expenditure of over $60,000 for im- 
proving that waterway, a large part of which sum 
has already been spent. -He was also a member of the 
Little Egg Harbor Inlet Improvement Association and 
was instrumental in securing- improved lighthouse and 
buoy service at that inlet. Was Assistant Chief of 
Tuckerton Fire Department for over eight years, and 
during that time was also one of its directors; was 
also one of the dire*ctors and founders of the Tucker- 
ton Y. M. C. A.; also one of the directors of the Tuck- 
erton Building and Loan Association. In 1909 he was 
elected to the Senate over Hoyt, Democrat, by a ma- 
jority of 1,262. Harrison's (Democrat) majority two 
years before being 1,389, showing a change of 2,651 
votes. He was elected for one year to fill the unex- 
pired term of the late William J. Harrison. In 1913 



BIOGRAPHIES. 327 

he was elected for a full term by a plurality of 47 
over Austin, Dem. 

1913 — Mathis, Rep., 1,735; Austin, Dem., 1,688; Now- 
lan, Prog-., 857; Bunnell, Pro., 53. 



Passaic County. 

(Population, 215,902.) 

PETER JAMES McGINNIS. 
(Dem., Paterson.) 

Senator McGinnis was born in Paterson, N. J., Sep- 
tember 2d, 1875, and is a lawyer. He was educated' In 
private schools in Paterson, N. J., and New York, 
entered the law office of Z. M. Ward, June, 1894, 
admitted to the bar in June, 1898, as attorney, in 1901 
as counselor, and graduated from New York Law 
School in 1898 with degree LL.B. In 1904 he associated 
with John M, Ward, under the firm name of Ward & 
McGinnis. offices at Paterson. where he has ever 
since practiced. He was elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 167 over former Speaker Thomas F. 
McCran, Republican. Last year he served as chairman 
of the Committees on Elections, Printed Bills and Vil- 
lage for Epileptics, and as a member of the Committees 
on Corporations, Municipal Corporations, Public Print- 
ing- and State Librar5^ During the second special ses- 
sion of the Legislature of 1913 the Senator acted as ma- 
jority leader on the floor of the Senate. He was chosen 
majority leader of the session of 1914. 

1912 — McGinnis, Dem., 8,325; McCran, Rep., 8,158; 
Blauvelt, Prog., 7,333; Webster, Soc, 1,888; Butter- 
worth, Soc.-Lab., 288; Patton, Pro., 148. 



Salem County. 

(Population, 26,999.) 

ISAAC S. SMICK. 
(Dem., Canton.) 

Senator Smick was born in Salem county, N. J., Sep- 
tember 21st, 1871, and is a lumber merchant, having 
been formerly a contractor and builder. He served as 
clerk of the board of trustees of the Alms House for 
three years, was treasurer of Lower Alloway Creek 



328 BIOGRAPHIES. 

township one year, and treasurer of a local building 
and loan association three years. At the present time 
he is collector, and has been for sixteen years, of the 
Canton Baptist Church. Mr. Smick was a member 
of the Township Committee for three years from 
March, 1898, to March, 1901; trustee of Salem County 
Alms House, three years, from May, 1901, to May, 
1904; and a freeholder three years, from January 1st, 
1905, to January 1st, 1908. He served as a member of 
the House of Assembly in 1912 and '13. Last year he 
was chairman of the Committee on Agriculture, and a 
member of the Committees on Unfinished Business, 
State Home for Boys and State Village for Epileptics. 
He was elected to the State Senate in 1913 by a plu- 
rality of 217 over Allen, Rep. 

1913 — Smick, Dem., 2,529; Allen, Rep., 2,312; Barton, 
Prog., 435; Pettet, Pro., 55. 



Somerset County. 

(Population, 38,820.) 

WILLIAM W. SMALLET. 
(Rep., Bound Brook.) 

Senator Smalley was born in Middlesex county, near 
Bound Brook, December 17th, 1850. He was educated 
at the New York University Grammar School and 
Eastman's Business College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. He 
was a clerk in a New York City banking house for 
seven years, and for the past thirty-one years he has 
been engaged in the lumber business and manufactur- 
ing at Bound Brook. Twice he was elected Council- 
man in the borough of Bound Brook. He is vice- 
president of the First National Bank of Bound Brook 
and president of the Board of Trade. He served four 
years — 1907, '08, '09, '10 — as a member of the Assem- 
bly and made for himself a most creditable record 
during his term of service. Mr. Smalley was elected 
to the State Senate in November, 1911, by a plurality 
of 295 over George M. LaMonte, Democrat. Last year 
he served on the Committees on Education, State Vil- 
lage for Epileptics, Appropriations, Boroughs and 
Townships and Public Grounds and Buildings. 

1911 — Smalley, Rep., 3,208; LaMonte, Dem., 2,913; 
Lvmger, Pro., 88. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 329 

Sussex County. 

(Population, 26,781.) 

SAMUEL TILDEN MUNSON. 
(Dem., Franklin Furnace.) 

Senator Munson was born November 4th, 1876, at 
Franklin Furnace, in what is called the Munson 
homestead, and has lived there all his life. He went 
into mercantile business when twenty years of age 
and is still at the same old stand. He was graduated 
from the New York Military Academy, Cornwall-on- 
the-Hudson, in 1895. He was Collector of Taxes in 
Hardyston township for seven years, beginning when 
twenty-six years old, from 1902 to 1909. This town- 
ship at that time was Republican by 150, and lie was 
elected as a Democrat by 137 majority. He has been 
a member of the Democratic County Committee for 
ten years and never sought any other ofRce in the 
township, county or State. He was elected to the 
Senate by a plurality of 839 over Huston, Republican. 
He served in the House of Assembly as Assistant 
Journal Clerk in 1907. Last year he served as chair- 
man of the Committees on Clergy and Miscellaneous 
Business, and as a member of the Committees on Fin- 
ance, Labor and Industries, Deaf Mutes and State Home 
for Girls. 

1912 — Munson, Dem., 2,424; Huston, Rep., 1,585; Colt, 
Jr., Prog., 604; Vaughan, Pro., 67. 



Union County. 

(Population, 140,197.) 

CARLTON B. PIERCE. 
(Rep., Cranford.) 

Senator Pierce was born in Trenton, June 22d, 1857, 
and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated in the 
public schools in New Brunswick, later graduating 
from Rutgers College and the Albany Law School. He 
served three terms in the Assembly, 1908-10. 

He was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 1,358 
over McAdams, Democrat. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Revision of Laws, Miscellaneous Busi- 



330 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ness, State Hospitals and Sanitorium for Tuberculous 
Diseases. 

1911 — Pierce, Rep., 8,926; McAdams, Dem., 7,568; Cos- 
grove, Soc, 2,000; Burkholz, Soc.-Lab., 249; Brookfield, 
Pro., 196. 



"Warren County. 

(Population, 43,187.) 

THOMAS BARBER. 

(Dem., Philllpsburg.) 

Senator Barber was born at Port Warren, Warren 
County, New Jersey, May 11th, 1868; and is a physi- 
cian by profession. He is a lineal descendant of John 
Barber, Esq., w^ho settled at what is now Lopatcong 
Township, prior to 1740. Dr. Barber's ancestors were 
actively engaged in the Revolution. His great grand- 
father. Barber, w^as for some time a revolutionary 
soldier. His great grandfather, Thomas Kennedy, a 
nephew of General William Maxwell, was a member 
of Kennedy's brigade of teams. His great grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Sr., was wounded at the battle of 
Trenton. His great great grandfather, Mathias Ship- 
man, was Lieutenant Colonel of Second Sussex Regi- 
ment. His great great grandfather, Jonas Hartzell, 
was a member of a committee of safety. His grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Jr., was a sergeant in the war of 
1812. Dr. Barber received his early education in the 
public schools, and prepared for college at the Phil- 
lipsburg and Easton High Schools. He entered Lafa- 
yette in 1891, graduated in the arts, 1895; and in 
medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 1898. He 
located in Phillipsburg and has since practiced in con- 
junction with his brother. Dr. Isaac Barber. In the 
1911 election, in Phillipsburg alone, he received a 
majority of 1,568, the largest majority ever given a 
candidate for any office in the history of the munici- 
pality. The Doctor was elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 2,152 over Marvin A. Pierson, Republican. 
Last year he served as chairman of tlie Committees on 
Public Health, Railroads and Canals, Home for Feeble 
Minded Children and Sanitorium for Tuberculous Dis- 
eases, and as a member of the Committees on Agri- 
culture, Miscellaneous Business, Stationery and Inci- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 331 

dental Expenses, State Hospitals and Village for Epi- 
leptics. 

1911 — Barber. Dem., 4,418; Pierson, Rep., 2,266; 
IlifC, Pro., 197; Benner, Soc, 144. 



Summary. 

Senate — Democrats.... 11 Republicans 10 = 21 

House — Democrats 37 Republicans 23 = 60 

48 33 81 

Democratic majority on joint ballot, 15. 



When Regular Senatorial Elections Occur. 

In 1914 — Camden, Essex, Gloucester, Somerset and 
Union, now represented by Republicans, and Mon- 
mouth, Salem and Warren, now represented by Demo- 
crats — 8. 

In 1915 — Cape May, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Passaic 
and Sussex, now represented by Democrats, and Bur- 
lington, represented by a Republican, 6. 

In 1916 — Atlantic, Mercer, Morris and Ocean, now 
represented by Republicans, and Bergen, Cumberland 
and Hudson, now represented by Democrats, 7. 



332 BIOGRAPHIES. 



HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 



Atlantic County. 

EMERSON LEWIS RICHARDS. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Richards was born in Atlantic City, N. J., July 
9th, 1883, and is a counsellor-at-law. He was grad- 
uated from the Atlantic City High School in 1902 and 
from the Law Department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1906. He studied law in the office of Hon. 
Robert H. Ingersoll, was adimitted to practice at the 
June term, 1907, and as a counsellor, the June term, 
1910. He is a member of the Board of Education of 
Atlantic City, his term dating from January 1st, 1911. 
He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
868 over Duncan, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket, although President Wilson carried the 
county by a plurality of 463. In 1913 he was re- 
elected for a third term by a plurality of 3,883 over 
Greis, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 
Last year Mr. Richards was the minority leader on the 
floor of the House, and served on the Committees on 
Appropriations, Boroughs and Borough Commissions, 
Judiciary, Rules, Home for Feeble Minded Women and 
Home for Boys. 

CARLETON GODFREY. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Godfrey was born at Beesley's Point, Cape May 
county, N. J., January 13th, 1865, and spent his boy- 
hood days on a farm. He was educated in the public 
schools, and fo'r two years prior to taking up the 
study of law taught school. He read law with James 
T. Nixon, Esq., then practicing law at Atlantic City, 
but now of Camden, N. J., and was admitted to the 
bar in November, 1889, and has since practiced his pro- 
fession. In 1894 he, together with Burroughs C God- 
frey, Esq., formed the law firm of Godfrey & Godfrey, 
whicli firm still continues. His partner died in 1908. 
Mr. Godfrey was tax collector of Atlantic City from 
1893 to 1897, and City Solicitor from 1897 to 1902, and 



BIOGRAPHIES. 333 

has since been special counsel for tlie city on several 
occasions. He prepared the act known as tlie Atlantic 
City Charter in 1902, and also the necessary legisla- 
tion, and had special cliarge of the work of obtaining 
title for the city for park purposes of almost all of 
the four miles of ocean front of Atlantic City. 

Mr. Godfrey has been president of the Guarantee 
Trust Company of Atlantic City since its organization 
in 1900, and was president of the New Jersey Bankers' 
Association in 1906 and 1907. He is also president of 
the West Jersey Title and Guarantee Company and 
the West Jersey Mortgage Company. He served as a 
member of tlie House of Assembly in 1912. 

In 1913 he was elected again to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 4,112 over Greis, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. 

Republicans — Godfrey, 7,111; Richards, 6,882. 
Democrats — Greis, 2,999; Henry, 2,736. 
Progressives — Robertson, 696; May, 849. 
Socialists — Butler, 200; Ames, 205. 
Prohibitionists — Adams, 238; Bassett, 186. 



Bergen County. 

ARTHUR M. AGNEW. 
(Dem., Grantwood.) 

Mr. Agnew was born in New York city November 
22d, 1878, and is a lawyer. He was educated in the 
public schools of that city. Walworth Business Insti- 
tute and New York University. He is an attorney 
and counselor-at-law of the State of New Jersey, a 
member of the Bergen County Bar Association, and 
belongs to a number of fraternal organizations. He 
has never before held a public office. In 1912 he was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 3,054 over 
Ogden, the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 
In 1913 he was re-elected by a plurality of 2,270> over 
Elliott, the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 
Last year he served on the Committees on Corpora- 
tions, Labor and Industries, Public Health, and as 
chairman of the Committee on Tuberculous Diseases. 



334 BIOGRAPHIES. 

EDGAR A. DE YOE. 
(Deni., Ramsey.) 

Mr. DeYoe was born at Ramsey, N. J., October 29th, 
1879, and has resided there continuously since. He 
received liis early education in the public schools of 
Ramsey, and graduated from the Pennsylvania College 
with the degree of A.B. in the year 1899, and from 
Columbia University Law School with the degree of 
LL.B. in the year 1904. Mr. De Yoe was admitted to 
the New Jersey Bar as an attorney in 1905, and as 
counsellor in 1910'. 

He is a member of the law firm of J. W. & E. A. 
DeYoe, having offices at Paterson, and at Ramsey, N. 
J., and practicing in Bergen and Passaic counties. He 
is a director of the First National Bank of Ramsey, 
and the Ramsey's Building and Loan Association. As 
attorney he has represented the borough of Ramsey 
since its incorporation in the year 1908, 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
2,037 over Elliott, the highest candidate on the Re- 
publican ticket. 

JOHN J. JOHNSON. 
(Dem., Englewood.) 

Mr. Johnson was born in New York, N. Y., April 8th, 
1884, and is a civil engineer. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 2,443 over Elliott, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 

Democrats — Agnew, 9,782; De Yoe, 9,549; Johnson, 
9,955. 

Republicans — Elliott, 7,512; Howell, 7,119; Smith, 
7,066. 

Progressives — Ackerman, 3,897; Cohen, 2,878; Sit- 
terley, 3,253. 

Socialists — Fisbeck, 1,029; Lightbowne, 915; String- 
ham, 863. 

Prohibitionists — Brookins, 410; Davie, 330; Hopper, 
483. 

Social-Labor — Jager, 203; Johnson, 193; Smith, 204. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 335 



Burling^ton County. 

ROBERT PEACOCK. 
(Rep., Mount Holly.) 

Mr, Peacock was born at Conshohocken, Pa., Aug- 
ust 19th, 1883, and is an attorney-at-law. He was 
educated in a public school at Florence and is a grad- 
uate of the Rider-Moore-Stewart School of Busi- 
ness, Trenton, 1904. He worked in the Florence 
Thread Works at Florence to obtain money to edu- 
cate himself. He studied law with S. A. Atkinson. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas, and was admitted to the bar 
in February, 1910, and is a member of the State and 
County Bar Associations and many fraternal societies. 
He practices law in Mount Holly, N. J. He was 
Township Clerk of Florence in 1904-'05 for eighteen 
months; secretary to Speaker Samuel K. Robbins, of 
the House of Assembly, in 1905, and County Auditor 
of Burlington in 1909-'10-'11-'12. He has been coun- 
sel for manj^ townships in Burlington. Mr. Peacock, 
in tlie session of 1913, served on the Committee of 
Ba,nks and Insurance, Incidentals and Towns and 
Townships. 

He is a member of the Elks, Moose, and I. O. R. M., 
Knights Golden Eagles, Jr. O. U. A. M. and B. P. of S. 
of A., and was elected to the 1914 session of tlie Leg- 
islature by a majority of 915 over Magee, Democrat. 

Peacock, Rep., 4,609; Magee, Dem., 3,694; Shedaker, 
Prog, and Pro., 3,603; Leeds, Soc, 230. 



Camden County. 

JOHN B. KATES. 
(Rep,, Collingswbod.) 

Mr. Kates was born in Camden, N, J., November 16th, 
1875, and is associated with Albert E. Burling in the 
practice of law,' under the firm name of Kates & Bur- 
ling, with offices in Camden. He is a graduate of the 
public schools of his native city, and was admitted to 
the practice of law at the June term, 1898. 

In 1912 he served as clerk to the Judiciary Commit- 



336 BIOGRAPHIES. 

tee of the House of Assembly, of which the Hon. 
George "W. Whyte was chairman. 

He was a member of the Assembly in the session of 
1913, and served on the following committees: Educa- 
tion, Railroads and Canals, Sinking Fund, Ways and 
Means and State Village for Epileptics. During the 
illness of the minority leader, Hon. Emerson L. Rich- 
ards, Mr, Kates occupied that position, covering a 
period of over five weeks. 

He is interested in several real estate enterprises in 
Camden and Collingswood, and is secretary and treas- 
urer of the Holloway-Kates Companj- and one of the 
organizers and directors of the Broadway Trust Com- 
pany of Camden. He is also connected with several 
building and loan associations of Camden county. In 
the election of 1913 he received nearly 3,500 more votes 
than the previous year. He was re-elected by a plu-, 
rality of 3,738 over Carrow, the highest candidate on 
the Democratic ticket. 

GARFIELD PANCOAST. 
(Rep., Audubon.) 

Mr. Pancoast was born at Vineland, N. J., December 
6th, 1880. He is engaged in the practice of law, being 
associated with the law firm of Wilson & Carr at 
Camden, N. J. He was graduated from the Vineland 
High School with the class of 1900, and was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in June, 1907, and as a 
counselor in June, 1910. Heretofore he has never held 
public office, but between 1902 and 1905 he served as 
clerk to the Committee on Printed Bills, for two ses- 
sions was Assistant Journal Clerk, and one session 
Assistant Supervisor of Bills of the House of Assembly. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 3,109 
over Carrow, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. 

HENRY S. SCOVEL. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Scovel was born in Camden, N. J., February 25th, 
1858, and is a lawyer by profession. He is a son of the 
late James M. Scovel, who was President of the State 
Senate in 1866. He served as Solicitor for the Camden 
County Board of Freeholders from 1895 to 1897. He 
was a member of the Assembly in 1896-97 and 1903, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 337 

and at each election he ran ahead of his ticket. He 
was re-elected in 1903 by a plurality of 7,607 over 
Springer, the candidate with the highest vote on the 
Democratic ticket, and in 1904 by the increased plu- 
rality of 8,485 over Kirk, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. In 1905 he was elected to a fourth 
consecutive term by a plurality of 4,355 over Niepling, 
Democrat, being the highest man on his ticket. 

During the sessions of 1896 and 1897 he was instru- 
mental in securing the repeal of the 20 per cent, sec- 
tion of the School law, which was objectionable be- 
cause it increased the taxes of the farmer in the 
poorer districts of the state. It was mainly tlirough 
his indefatigable efforts that a bill was passed making 
operatives in shoe factories entitled to preferred claims 
for sixty days' wages. Mr. Scovel fathered the act 
compelling trolley companies to be humane to their 
employes and equip their cars with protective windows 
and vestibules. During the session of 1903 he was 
responsible for the passage of the automobile act, the 
bill licensing trained nurses, the act making it a m"is- 
demeanor for husbands to desert their wives and chil- 
dren, and it was through his efforts that newsboys were 
exempted from the operation of the child labor law, 
which would have prevented them from selling news- 
papers on the street. He has proved himself to be a 
very active and industrious legislator. He served as 
Prosecutor of the Pleas of Camden county from Jan- 
uary 16th, 1907, to January 16th, 1912. In 1913 he was 
again elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 4,008 
over Carrow, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. 

Republicans — Kates, 13,028; Pancoast, 12,399; Scovel, 
13,298. 

Democrats — Carrow, 9,290; Neutz, 7,953; Westcott, 
8,655. 

Progressives — Blake, Jr., 2,385; Marshall, 2,171; 
West, 2,034. 

Socialists — Chavanne, 1,525; Schott, 1,453; Stratton, 
1,607. 

Prohibitionists — Lane, 557; Sharp, 389; Sheldon, 475. 



338 BIOGRAPHIES. 



Cape May County. 

LEWIS T. STEVENS. 
(Rep., Cape May City.) 

Mr. Stevens was born in Lower Township (now West 
Cape May), N. J., August 22d, 1868, and is a counsellor- 
at-law, newspaper writer and historian. He received 
his education in the public schools of Cape May City, 
as a special student at Princeton College and in the 
Metropolis Law School in New York City. He learned 
the trade of a printer in the Cape May Wave office, 
and with his earnings from his trade paid his way to 
Princeton. In New York City he was in the daytime 
an associate ediJ:or of magazines and a student of law 
at night. He was admitted to the New Jereey bar aa 
an attornej^ in the June term of the Supreme Court, 
1898, and as a counsellor-at-law at the February term, 
1902. In Januarj% 1899, the late Judge Andrew Kirk- 
patrick, of the United States District Court, appointed 
him a referee in bankruptcy, which position he held 
until he resigned to take his seat in the Legislature. 
In 1892 he was elected to the City Council of Cape 
May, and served three years, and was president of 
council from March, 1894, for one year. He was tax 
collector of Cape May in 1899, served as a member and 
secretary of the Board of Health from 1894 to 1906, 
He was solicitor of Lower Township from 1905 to 1908. 
When just 21 he was a delegate to the 1889 convention 
which nominated the late General E. Burd Grubb for 
Governor, and has been a Republican ever since, but 
with decidedly independent views. From 1890 and 
covering a period of about ten years he was secretarj- 
of Cape May County Republican Committee. In the 
sessions of 1905 and 1906 he was Assistant Secretary 
of the State Senate. He was editor of the Cape May 
Wave in 1898 and 1899, and editor and proprietor of 
the Cape May Herald from 1903 to 1912. He is a great, 
great grandson of Henry Young Townsend, who served 
in the Assembly in 1777, 1779 and 1784, a great grand- 
son of Joshua Townsend, who served in the Assembly 
in 1820, 1821, 1823, 1826, 1828 and 1829, and in the Leg- 
islative Council in 1831-33, and a son of William 
Townsend Stevens, who served in the Assembly in 
1876, '77 and '78. In 1897 he published "The History of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 339 

the Covmty of Cape May," a work of 480 pages, a pure 
history, which has become the standard in the county, 
and which is quoted as an authority by historians. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 153 
over his predecessor, Hon, "William Porter. 

Stevens, Rep., 1,797; Porter, Dem., 1,644; Mayhew, 
Prog-., 551; Toy, Pro., 104. 



Cumberland County. 

RAYMOND SHEPPARD. 
(Rep., Haleyville.) 

Mr. Sheppard was born in Haleyville, Cumberland 
county, June 22d, 1875, and is a grandson of the late 
Captain Allen Sheppard. He received his education in 
the public schools of his native village. A short time 
after leaving school he started farming on the modern 
system, and at the present time is successful. He is a 
member of the Board of Education of Commercial 
township. He is an enthusiastic worker in a number 
of fraternal and social orders, having been a presiding 
officer for one or more terms of Neptune, No. 75, F. 
and A. M., Mauricetown; Richmond Chapter, No. 20', 
R. A. M., of Millville, and Olivet Commandery, No. 10, 
K. T., of Millville. He is a member of Crescent Temple, 
Mystic Shrine, O. A. O. N. M. S., of Trenton, N. J.; 
P. G. T. C, of Bridgeton Forest, No. 7, and of Supreme 
Tall Cedars of Lebanon. He is past grand of Aerial 
Lodge, No. 56, of Mauricetown I. O. O. F., having 
served two terms as district deputy of this order, with 
credit to himself and an advantage to the lodges. He 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 574 
over Oliver, Democrat. 

Sheppard, Rep., 3,474; Oliver, Dem., 2,900; Covert, 
Prog., 1,706; Steinberg, Soc, 231. 



Essex County. 

JOSEPH BENJAMIN BLOOM. 

(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Bloom was born in Newark, N. J., August 26th, 

1882, and is a counselor-at-law. He was graduated 

from the Barringer High School of Newark in 1899, 



340 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and from the Law Department of the University of 
New York in 1903, receiving from the latter school the 
first prize awarded to the member of the class attain- 
ing the highest scholarship. He studied law in the 
offices of James R. Nugent, present City Counsel of the 
City of Newark, and Herbert Boggs, present City At- 
torney of the City of Newark, and was admitted to 
practice as an attorney at the November term, 1903, 
aud as a counselor at the November term, 1906. Last 
year Mr. Bloom served as chairman of the Committee 
of Boroughs and Borough Commissions, and was also 
a member of the Committees on Militia and State Li- 
brary. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 306 over Titus, Republican. 

BENNETT H. FISHLER. 
(Dem., Montclair.) 

Mr. Fishier was born in Brooklyn, N. T., in 1887, 
but has been a resident of Upper Montclair for about 
twenty years. 

He is an insurance broker with offices in New York, 
Newark and Montclair. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Election, 
Stationery, Home for Deaf Mutes, Soldiers' Home, and 
was chairman of the Committee on Unfinished Busi- 
ness. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
414 over Titus, Republican. 

FRANK A. FOLEY. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr, Foley was born in Newark, N. J., June 30th, 
1880, and is an undertaker and embalmer. He was 
educated in St. James Parochial and the Christian 
Brothers' Schools, and began his business career 
with the Stephens & Condit Transportation company, 
of which he was traffic manager five years, retiring 
in 1905 to embark in his present avocation. In 1906 
he was elected by Common Council to fill a vacancy 
in the Essex County Board of Freeholders, and the 
following year he was elected to a full term in the 
board. Assemblyman Foley is affiliated with several 
social, fraternal and political organizations and has 
been actively identified with the Democratic party in 



BIOGRAPHIES. 341 

city and county affairs since he attained his majority. 
Last year he served on the Committees on Commerce 
and Navigation, Printed Bills, Towns and Townships, 
Public Printing- and Soldiers' Home. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
408 over Titus, Republican. 

LAWRENCE McCABE. JR. 
(Dem., East Orange.) 

Mr. McCabe was born at Orange, N. J,, August 8th, 
1879, and is a printer. He was educated in the 
School of Our Lady Help of Christians, East Orange, 
is a member of the parish societies of that church, 
of the East Orange Democratic club. Improved Order 
of Heptasophs, Typographical Union, No. 103, of 
Newark, was secretary of the latter organization in 
1912, and is at present employed on the Newark 
Evening Star. He has been a member of the Essex 
County Democratic Committee for about eight years. 
Mr. McCabe was re-elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 353 over Titus, Republican. Last year he 
served as chairman of the Committee on Towns and 
Townships, and as a member of the Committees on 
Printed Bills, Unfinished Business, Public Grounds and 
Buildings and Home for Feeble Minded Women. 

CHARLES A. NUTTING. 
(Dem., Caldwell.) 

Mr. Nutting was born in Warwick, Orange county, 
N. T., August 2d, 1868. He moved to Bloomfleld, 
N. J., where his mother was born, when less than a 
year old, and there received his education in the 
Bloomfleld public schools. He is engaged in the real 
estate business and is one of the leading real estate 
auctioneers of the country. He is president of the 
J>rewark Consolidated Real Estate Exchange, Inc., 
also a member of the Caldwell Board of Trade and 
of Caldwell Lodge, No. 59, F. and A. M. He has 
always been active in the interests of the Democratic 
party and has quite a reputation as a campaign 
speaker. Mr. Nutting was re-elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 340 over Titus, Republican. Last year 
he served on the Committees on Railroads and Canals, 
Rules and State Home for Boys, and as dhairman of 



342 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the Committee on Passed Bills. He was a member of 
the State Platform and Resolutions Committee at the 
Democratic Convention of 1914, 

HUBERT J. ROWE. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Rowe was born at Newark, March 23d, 1887, 
and is a lawyer. He was admitted as an attorney in 
June, 1908, and a counselor in June, 1911. He is a 
graduate of St. Benedict's College, 1903, and of the 
New York University Law School, 1908; vice-president 
C. Y. M. Diocesan Union; grand knight Olive Branch 
Council, No. 46^, Knights of Columbus; secretary New- 
ark Diocesan Federation of the Holy Name Societies, 
and a member of several other organizations in New- 
ark. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 256 over Titus, Republican. Last year he served as 
chairman of the Committee on Banks and Insurance, 
and as a member of the Committees on Unfinished 
Business and Ways and Means, 

EDWARD C. EATON. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Eaton was born in the Twelfth ward of the City 
of Newark in 1864. He received his education in the 
public and private schools of that city, after which he 
entered the employ of his parents, who had conducted 
a seed business in the Centre Market since 1859, and 
is still engaged in the same line, having succeeded to 
the business upon the death of his parents. He has 
resided in the Second ward for the past twenty-five 
years, and has always taken an active interest in the 
welfare of the Democratic party, having been a candi- 
date for office at various times. He was elected a 
member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders in 1906, 
serving for two years, during which time he was ma- 
jority leader. In 1911 he was elected an Alderman 
from the Second ward of Newark, 

Mr, Eaton is honorary president of the Lincoln Mu- 
tual Aid Association, president of the Centre Market 
Merchants' Association, a member of Newark Lodge, 
No. 21, B. P. O. Elks; treasurer of the Joel Parker 
Association, a member of the Jeffersonian Club, Gott- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 343 

fried Krueger Association, Leni Lenape Club and va- 
rious otlier social and political organizations. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
669 over Titus, Republican, and was the highest .can- 
didate on the Assembly ticket. 

JAMES R. BYRNE. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Byrne was born in Newark, N. J., February 20th, 
1890, is a newspaper man and the youngest member 
of the Legislature. He was graduated froin Central 
Avenue Public School in 1903, and from the Barringer 
High School, Newark, in 1907. He entered Seton Hall 
College, South Orange, from which institution he was << rj 
graduated with the degree of B.A., in 1911, being one s?: '^- a 
of the youngest members of his class. He then took ^ ^^ '^ 
up newspaper work, and is now employed as political c\~ s: *i 
reporter on the Evening Star, of Newark. He is a ^'2 3 
member of several social and political organizations, " ^ % 
and is secretary of the John J. Gaynor Association, ^' ^ "^ 
one of the foremost Democratic organizations of New- JI^ «— |i 

ark. QC i ' 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of -^ « 

527 over Titus, Republican, and was the second highest -- *• 
man on his ticket. It is his first public office. 

MICHAEL J. QUIGLEY. 
(Dem., Newark.) 

Mr. Quigley was born in the city of Newark, N. J., 
on March 24th, 1877; graduated from St. James' Pa- 
rochial School in 1892, from the Fifth Ward Public 
School in 1893, and from the Newark High School in 
1895. He attended at the New York Law School for 
the full course, served a clerkship, and was admitted 
to the Bar of New Jersey in 1903, becoming counselor- 
at-law in 1906. He was employed by a Welshbach 
lamp concern for two years; as a bookkeeper in a hat 
shop, as a street car conductor and inspector for two 
years, and as a postal clerk for over six years, having 
been connected for the last four years of^ service with 
the registery department of the Newark Post-offlce. 
Since severing his connection with the Post-office De- 
partment he has been practicing law in Newark. He 
is a member of the Humor Society, Arion Singing So- 



344 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ciety, Knights of Columbus and Ancient Order of Hi- 
bernians. 

Mr, Quigley was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 381 over Titus, Republican. 

THOMAS J. SMITH. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Smith was born in Newark, August 20th, 1880. 
He received his early education in St. Aloysius Scliool 
and the South Market Street Public School, both of 
Newark. His business is real estate and insurance. 
He is an active participant in several civic bodies 
created to foster improvements; is president of the 
East Side Public Bath Association, and a member of 
the Twelfth "Ward and Ironbound Improvement. As- 
sociations. Mr. Smith was a member of the 1912 Leg- 
islature. While an Assemblyman he was chairman 
and a member of several important House committees. 
Mr. Smith is an honorary member of the Diocesan 
Union, and a member of Knights of Columbus, St. 
Aloysius H. N. S. Columbus Club, New Jersey Chapter, 
No. 1, and other social, fraternal and athletic organi- 
zations. This is Mr. Smith's third year on the As- 
sembly ticket. Each year he polled more votes thaii 
any other candidate on his ticket. So great was his 
vote this year he was not only high man on the Re- 
publican ticket, but made political history in Essex 
county, polling enough votes to make possible a mixed 
delegation. He received a total of 22,702 votes; Mr. 
Eaton and Mr. Byrne, the highest Democrats, receiv- 
ing, respectively, 22,859 and 22,717. 

E. MORGAN BARRADALE. 
(Rep., Orange.) 

Mr. Barradale was born at Orange, N. J., June 27th, 
1885, and is a lawyer, his offices being at 786 Broad 
street, Newark, and South Orange, N. J. He is a son 
of William D. and Alice F. (Shipman) Barradale. He 
attended the public scliools of Orange and South Or- 
ange, was graduated at Yale College, B.A., 1907; at- 
tended New York and New Jersey Law Schools, and 
was graduated from the latter institution, L.B., 1910. 
He was instructor in the New Jersey Law School, 1911- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 345 

12, and was admitted as an attorney June, 1910, and 
counselor three years later. At the election in 1913 
he received 22,401 votes, being- an excess of 41 votes 
over Fisch, Democrat. 

W. CLIVE CROSBY. 
(Rep,, East Orange.) 

Mr. Crosby was born at Darien, Ga., April 8th, 1871, 
and is engaged in general merchandise warehousing. 
He never before held public office. He has lived in 
New Jersey for the last ten years, and previously was 
a resident of New York State twelve years. He has 
been engaged in the city of New York in the ware- 
housing business for twenty-two years. He is a real 
estate owner in New Jersey. He is a thirty-third de- 
gree Mason and a member of Brooklyn Masonic bodies. 
Mr. Crosby is president of the Municipal Art League of 
East Orange, chairman of the Joint Legislative Com- 
mittee of New Jersey Automobile Trade Dealers As- 
sociation, New Jersey Automobile and Motor Club and 
Associated Automobile Clubs of New Jersey. 

At the State election in 1913 Mr. Crosby received 
22,408 votes for the Assembly, being 48 in excess of the 
vote cast for Mr. Fisch, Democrat. 

Democrats — Bloom, 22,496; Byrne, 22,717; Castel- 
lano, 22,138; Eaton, 22,858; Fisch, 22,360; Fishier, 22,- 
604; Foley, 22,598; McCabe, Jr., 22,543; Nutting-, 22,- 
530; Papscoe, 21,736; Quigley, 22,571; Rowe, 22,446. 

Republicans — Barradale, 22,401; Cashin, 21,679; 
Crosby, 22,408; Gilbert, 22,125; Johnson, 22,1-22; Pil- 
grim, 21,863; Schoen, 22,142; Scudder, 22,151; Smith, 
22,702; Titus, 22,190; Huntsman, 21,475; Wolf, 21,519. 

Progressives — Nathan H. Berger, 13,725; Cavicchia, 
13,289; Fetridge, 13,274; Stelzle, 13,617; Dodd, 14,057; 
Fischer, 13,816; Wright, 13,713; Foster, 13,831; 
Ketcham, 13,786; Ford, 13,871; Hines, 13,829; Vande- 
vall, 13,195. 

Prohibitionists — Armstrong, 965; Conklin, 875; El- 
wood, Jr., 818; Hampson, 782; Heller, 887; Logan, 
791; Pollitt, 744; Robinson, 778; Robb, 725; Ryerson, 
752; Shaw, '^i)'); Wheaton, 719. 

Socialists — Gus. Berger, 3,227; Bircher, 3,013; Burns, 
3,087; Denzer, 3,034; Heuer, 3,014; Jones, 2,987; Klump, 



346 BIOGRAPHIES. 

3,004; McEligot, 3,063; O'Leary, 3,071; Reilly, 3,088; 
Strobell, 3,112; Wittel, 3,029. 

Social-Labor — Burg-holz, 200; Hartung, 195; Hoff- 
man, 219; Kneg-o, 156; Liddiard, 154; Mathern, 154; 
Preuss, 149; Thompson, 171; Tinfowitch, 141; Miller, 
195. 



Gloucester County. 

OLIVER J. WEST. 
(Rep., Bridgeport.) 

Mr. West was born near Bridgeport, July 22d, 1881, 
and is a farmer. He is the son of James West, who 
was a member of the Assembly from Gloucester county 
in 1888-89-90. He received his education in the schools 
of Logan township, and after taking a business course 
in Philadelphia, returned to the farm. He has always 
stood for the interests of the farmer and the advance- 
ment of agriculture. He is a member of B. P. O. Elks, 
L. O. O. Moose and a Granger. Mr. West was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 46 over Fisler, Dem. 

West, Rep,, 2,818; Fisler, Dem., 2,772; Wescoat, Jr., 
Prog., 1,021; Repp, Pro., 781; Warner, Soc, 166. 



Hudson County. 

JOSEPH M. BRANEGAN. 
(Dem., Harrison.) 

Mr. Branegan was born in Harrison, N. J., March 
19th, 1879, and is a lawyer, also a police justice. He 
was formerly editor of the West Hudson Press. He 
was educated in the Parochial Schools at Harrison, 
graduated from St. Peters' College in Jersey City in 
June, 1901, with the degree of A. B., received the de- 
gree of A. M. in St. Francis Xavier College, New York, 
in June, 1903, and was graduated from the New York 
Law School in 1904. He was admitted to the bar of 
New Jersey at the June term, 1907. Mr. Branegan was 
appointed Police Justice of Harrison on January 1st, 
1906, and still holds that office. He was re-elected to 
the Assembly for a third term by a plurality of 21,367 
over Ackermann, the highest candidate on the Republi- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 347 

can ticket. Last year he was chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Sinking- Fund, and a member of the Commit- 
tees on Corporations and Revision of Laws. 

MAGNUS BREDENBEK. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Bredenbek was born at Baltimore, Md., October 
23d, 1883, and is a newspaper reporter. He attended 
public schools in Baltimore and Hoboken, High School 
in the latter city and New York Preparatory School, 
and studied law in the oflfice of William P. Chambers, 
New York citj'. He was married July 5th, 1903, to 
Misg Helen Ellison, of Jersey City. He was a dele- 
gate to the Congressional Convention in 1910 when 
Congressman James A. Hamill, of Hudson county, was 
nominated. Mr. Bredenbek was re-elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 20,498 over Ackermann, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. Last year 
he was chairman of the Committee on Miscellaneous 
Business, and a member of the Committees on Public 
Health, Home for Feeble Minded Children and State 
Prison. 

HARRY KUHLKE. 
(Dem., West New York.) 

Mr. Kuhlke was born in New York City, January 3d, 
1866, and is in the real estate business as auctioneer. 
He entered the College of the City of New York but 
shortly afterwards resigned to take employment with 
the banking house of Kidder Peabody &. Co., of New 
York and Boston, where he remained for over twelve 
years, and left to take up the position of traveling 
salesman, which he was compelled to- relinquish when 
he was elected in 1912 to the Assembly. He is a mem- 
ber of Ancient Lodge, No. 724, F. and A. M., of New 
York City. 

Last year he served as a member of the Committees 
on Railroads and Canals and the Home for Feeble 
Minded Women, and was the chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Riparian Rights. He was re-elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 21,531 over Ackermann, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 



348 BIOGRAPHIES. 



WALTER LANGDON McDERMOTT. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 
Mr. McDermott was born in Jersey City, December 
11th, 1877, and is a lawyer. He is a son of the late 
Allan L. McDermott. He received his education in 
preparatory schools, in the School of Arts of Columbia 
College, and the School of Law of the University of 
New York; is a member of the New Jersey bar and 
resides in Jersey City. His present membership in 
the Assembly in his first public office. He was re- 
elected by a plurality of 21,547 over Ackermann, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. Last year 
he was chairman of the Committee on Public Grounds 
and Buildings, and a member of the Committees on 
Banks and Insurance, Commerce and Navigation and 
State Library. 

GEORGE JAMES BRACKNER. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 
Mr. Brackner was born at Los Angeles, Cal., Novem- 
ber 18th, 1863, and is a professional embalmer. He 
was formerly employed at the United States Navy Pa- 
cific Station. When he was only fourteen months old 
his parents moved to Brooklyn, N. Y,, where he at- 
tended Public School No. 22. He worked as a private 
messenger boy during the latter part of 1876 and the 
early part of 1877, for Samuel J. Tilden in New York 
City. He ran away from home in August, 1877, and 
joined the United States Navy at Callas, Peru, served 
time, was honorably discharged and returned home to 
New Jersey. He was elected Coroner of Hudson 
county, N. J., in 1887, was defeated for the same of- 
fice in 1894, and was again elected in 1902. Mr. Brack- 
ner was elected a member of the Street and Water 
Board of Jersey City in 1908 for a term of three years, 
but was defeated for renomination in 1911. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 21,355 over 
Ackermann, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket. 

JOSEPH CARROLL. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 
Mr. Carroll was born at Hyde, Cheshire, England, 
May 1st, ,1871, and is an insurance broker. He was 
educated in St. Paul's Parochial School and Flowery 



BIOGRAPHIES. 349 

Field Public School, Hyde. He took a course in 
Smart's Business College, London, England. At the 
age of twelve he became a collector for the Royal 
Liver Friendly Society, Liverpool, under the super- 
vision of his father, who was the first life insurance 
agent at Hyde. He was advanced to the position of 
agent, but resigned in January, 1893. Mr. Carroll emi- 
grated to Boston, Mass., in February, 1893. He went to 
Woonsocket, R. I., and accepted a position as agent 
for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, New 
York, and gradually became superintendent and or- 
ganized branches from Rhode Island to Texas. After 
a service of twenty years he resigned and embarked 
in the insurance business on his own account in Jersey 
City, and has met with great success. 

At the primary election in 1913 Mr. Carroll was at 
the head of his ticket for the Assembly nomination, 
and at the regular election he was chosen by a plu- 
rality of 21,903 over Ackermann, the highest candidate 
on the Republican ticket, leading all other candidates. 
This is his first public office. 

THOMAS P. CURRAN. 
(Dem., West Hoboken. ) 

Mr. Curran was born in West Hoboken, N. J., Sep- 
tember 12th, 1875; is a life insurance solicitor. He 
was educated at the public schools, worked at the 
printing trade for twelve years, was a member of the 
Typographical Union seven years, but had to abandon 
the vocation owing to poor health. He has been in the 
Insurance business five years. He has always taken 
an active part in politics. He was elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 21,493 over Ackermann, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 

CLINTON EARLE FISK. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Fisk was born in Jersey City, N. J., April 13th, 
1882; has lived there all his life and is the junior mem- 
ber of the law firm of Fisk & Fisk of that city. He 
attended Hasbrouck Institute, Jersey City, nine years, 
from which he was graduated in 1898. He received 
the degree of A.B. from Columbia University in 1902 
and L.L.B. from the New York Law School in 1904; 



350 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was admitted to the bar as an attorney in June, 1905, 
and as a counselor in June, 1908. Since his admission 
to the bar he has practiced law in Jersey City. He 
was local Civil Service Commissioner in Jersey City 
to conduct examinations for the Police and Fire De- 
partments in September, 1908. Mr. Fisk was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 21,586 over Acker- 
mann, the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 

THOMAS GREGORY GANNON. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Gannon was born at Jersey City, N. J., in 1879. 
He is an associate of James H. McBride Company, pub- 
lishers and dealers in law books, New York City. He 
received a grammar school education at St. Bridget's, 
Jersey City; later was three years at High School at 
New York Preparatory, New York City; two years as 
a law student, and was for six years clerk and man- 
ager for Robinson & Co. He was elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 21,231 over Ackermann, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. This is 
his first public office. 

THOMAS F. A. GRIFFIN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Griffin was born in Jersey City, N. J., May 26th, 
1879, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
at St. Peter's Parochial School, Jersey City, and gradu- 
ated from St. Peter's College, Jersey City, in the class 
of 1898, with the degree of A.B., and received the de- 
gree of A.M. in 1899 from the same institution. He 
was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney 
at the November term, 1902, and as a counselor three 
years later. He 'served as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Election, having been appointed by 
Governor Stokes in 1907, and re-appointed by Governor 
Fort in 1909. Mr. Griffin served as a member of the 
House of Assembly in 1911 and 1912, and in 1913 was 
Journal Clerk of that body. In 1913 he was elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 21,668 over Ackermann, 
the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 351 

DENNIS LONG. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Long was born at Hoboken, N. J., November 25th, 
1875, and is assistant agent at the immigration station, 
Ellis Island. He is a member of Hoboken Council, No. 
159, Knights of Columbus; Hoboken Aerie, No. 603, 
Order of Elagles; Hoboken Herd, No, 10, Order of Buf- 
faloes, and the Islanders Association of Ellis Island. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 20,- 
924 over Ackermann, the highest candidate on the Re- 
publican ticket. He never held public office before. 

JOSEPH PATRICK MULLIGAN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 
Mr. Mulligan was born at Liverpool, England, of Irish 
parents, March 14th, 1875, and is a steamfitter. This is 
his first public office. He was elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 19,872 over Ackermann, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. 

Democrats — Brackner, 36,358; Branegan, 36,470; 
Bredenbek, '35,501; Carroll, 36,906; Curran, 36,496; 
Fisk, 36,589; Gannon, 32,234; Griffin, 36,671; Kuhlke, 
36,534; Long, 35,927; McDermott, 36,550'; Mulligan, 
34,875. 

Republicans and Fusion — Ackermann, 15,003; Alex- 
ander, 14,165; Brennan, 13,167; Donnelly, 14,177; Fer- 
guson, 13,715; Goldner, 13,110; Hasse, 13,335; Harris, 
13,122; Hollander, 13,028; Musler, 12,418; Newman, 
13,061; Stein, 12,032. 

Progressives — Boyd, 4,917; Cannon, 5,159; Dankos- 
key, 4,229; Gaddis, 5,282; Goldweber, 4,720; Graham, 
5,488; Ingalls, 5,069; Ives, 5,567; Loughran, 5,314 
Martens, 5,239; J. J. Mulligan, 5,081; Schult, 5,556. 

Socialists — Bauer, 3,409; Bausch, 3,285; Gilliar 
3,221; Grueninger, 3,221; Holland, 3,195; Kronenberg 
3,203; Schultz, Jr., 3,326; Schwarting, 3,141; Voelp 
3.066; Wienecke, 3,341; Young, 3,424; Fackert, 3,304 

Social-Labor — Ceroid, 647; Herschman, 417; Jurpe- 
vich, 293; Lewis, 488; Machauer, ,299; Meyr, 428 
Oakes, 377; Schonleber, 3*11; Schrafft, 311; Schwenk 
316; Smilansky, 258. 

Prohibitionists— Barto, 623; Corby, 708; Davey, 733 



352 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Grinnalds, 586; Holmquist, 425; Martin, 628; Melick, 
440; Meyer, 566; Miller, 556; Murray, 424; Stevenson, 
481; Van Keuren, 469. 



Hunterdon County. 

OLIVER C. HOLCOMBE. 
(Dem., Lambertville.) 

Mr. Holcombe was born on a farm at West Amwell 
township, Hunterdon county, N. J., December 8th, 
1864, and is a dealer in pianos, organs and musical 
merchandise. He received a common school education 
and at the age of twenty-one took full charge of his 
father's farm and run it successfully five years, thence 
moving to Lambertville, where he associated himself 
with the Lambertville Rubber Company. Later he 
embarked in business for himself, opening a piano and 
organ store in Lambertville, in which he has been very 
successful. Mr. Holcombe was Mayor of Lambertville 
from January 1st, 1904, to January ls,t, 1906. He 
served three years as a member of the Assembly, 1906, 
'07, '08. In 1906 there were only three Democratic 
members in the House, he being one of them and the 
others being Levi H. Morris, of Sussex, and Joseph 
H. Firth, of Warren. In 1911 Mr. Holcombe was again 
returned as a member by a plurality of 1,477 over 
Angell, Republican. He carried his home city by the 
largest majority ever given a candidate for public 
office. He was re-elected in 1912 by the increased 
plurality of 1,961 over George, Republican, being the 
largest ever given a candidate for Assembly in Hun- 
terdon county. In 1906 he was a member of the Com- 
mittee of Investigation of Riparian Grants and in 
1907 he was chairman of the Committee on Railroads 
and Canals. Last year he served as chairman of the 
Committee on Revolutionary Claims and Pensions, and 
as a member of the Committees on Agriculture, Public 
Printing and Soldiers' Home. He was re-elected to 
the Assembly for a sixth term by a plurality of 1875 
over Silvers, Republican, being an excess of 687 over 
the head of the ticket. 

Holcombe, Dem., 3,831; Silvers, Rep., 1,956; Moor- 
head, Prog., 536. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 353 



Mercer County. 

HERVEY STUDDIFORD MOORE. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Moore was born at Trenton, N. J., October 14th, 
1884, and is a counselor-at-law. He studied law with 
Robert H. McCarter, former Attorney-General of New 
Jersey, and former Mayor Frank S. Katzenbach, Jr., 
of Trenton, and also at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania and George Washington University. He served 
as assistant secretary to United States Senator Frank 
O. Briggs. In 1912 he was elected to the Assembly by 
a plurality of 752 over Geraghty, the second highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket, and in 1913 he 
was re-elected by the increased plurality of 1,970 over 
Travers, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. Each year he was the highest candidate on 
the ticket of his party. Last year he served on the 
Coinmittees on Elections, Miscellaneous Business, Re- 
vision of Laws, New Jersey Reformatory, Public 
Grounds and Buildings and Home for Girls. 

JAMES HAMMOND. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Hammond was born at Trenton, N. J., August 
21st, 1882, and is a lawyer. He attended the Trenton 
High School, New York Law School, and was admitted 
to the New Jersey Bar in 1909. He is a member of the 
Sons of St. George, Knights of Pythias, Royal Arca- 
num, Modern Woodmen, American Mechanics and Pa- 
triotic Order Sons of America. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 1,503 over Travers, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

EDGAR GRIGGS WEART. 
(Rep., Princeton.) 

Mr. Weart was born at Blawenburg, Somerset county, 
October 6th, 1875, and is a farmer. He was elected 
Clerk of Lawrence township, Mercer county, in No- 
vember, 1905, and was re-elected in 1908. His term 
expired on December 31st, 1911. He served as a mem- 
ber of the House of Assembly in 1912. In 1913 he 
was again elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 

23 



354 BIOGRAPHIES. 

1,685 over Travers, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. 

Republicans — Hammond, 8,120; H. S. Moore, 8,587; 
Weart, 8,302. 

Democrats — Cook, 6,811; A. J. S. Moore, 3,003; Trav- 
ers, 6,617. 

Progressives — Burkhauser, 1,594; Cranstoun, 1,560; 
Scott, 1,713. 

Socialists — BsLiley, 651: Hervey, 621; Van Nest, 700. 

Prohibitionists — Arnold, 276; Brown, 255; Scarbor- 
ough, 309. 



Middlesex County. 

JOHN P. KIRKPATRICK. 
(Dem., Jamesburg.) 

Mr. Kirkpatrick was born at Jamesburg, N. J., 
January 11th, 1881, and is a lawyer. He is a graduate 
of Princeton University, 1904. In 1912 he was re- 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 3,958 over 
Wyckoff, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket, and in 1913 he was re-elected for a third term 
by a plurality of 2,677 over Sedam, the highest can- 
didate on the Republican ticket. Last year Mr. Kirk- 
patrick served as chairman of the Committee on Game 
and Fish, and as a member of the Committees on Bor- 
oughs and Borough Commissions and State Library. 

GEORGE LEE BURTON. 
(Dem., New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Burton was born at New Brunswick, N. J., July 
10th, 1888, is one of the youngest Assemblymen and 
is a lawyer. He was graduated from the New Bruns- 
wick High School in 1905, attended New York Law 
School, and was student, first, with Alfred S. March, 
of New Brunswick, and later with Spencer Weart, 
Jersey City. He was admitted to the bar March 17th, 
1911, and immediately opened a law office in New 
Brunswick. He was elected special counsel of the 
Board of Health of that city September 1st, 1912. Mr. 
Burton was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 2,841 over Sedam, the highest candidate on the Re- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 355 

publican ticket. Last year he served as chairman of 
the Committee on State Hospitals, and as a member 
of the Committees on Commerce and Navigation, Inci- 
dental Expenses, Riparian Rights, Home for Feeble 
Minded Women and Home for Girls. 

ARTHUR A. QUINN. 
(Dem., Perth Amboy.) 

Mr. Quinn t\ as born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 13th, 
1866, and is a close student of social and industrial 
questions, being Second General Vice-President of the 
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of 
America, the largest organization of skilled workmen 
in the world, and President of the New Jersey State 
Federation of Labor, an organization that has taken 
an active part in advancing social, reform and pro- 
gressive legislation in New Jersey. He was re-elected 
to the Assemblj' by a plurality of 2,677 over Sedam, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. Last year 
Mr. Quinn served as chairman of the Committee on 
Home for Boys, and as a member of the Committees 
on Bill Revision, Elections and Village for Epileptics. 

Democrats — Burton, 8,953; Kirkpatrick, 8,789; Quinn, 
8,789. 

Republicans — Perkins, 5,735; Sedam, 6,112; Somogyi, 
5,414. 

Progressives — Edgar, 1,778; Fulton, 1,612; Griswold, 
1,346. 

Prohibitionists — Frost, 243; Grimstead, 209; Greene, 
202. 



Monmouth County. 

WILLIAM E. MOUNT. 
(Dem., Englishtown.) 

Mr. Mount was born in Middlesex county, N. J., 
January 24th, 1863, and is a merchant. .He was edu- 
cated in the public schools. His first business ven- 
ture was a partnersliip with his brother in a store 
at Prospect Plains, Middlesex county. In 1888 he pur- 
chased the store business of P. W. Stevens, at Eng- 
lishtown, and since then has conducted a general 



356 BIOGRAPHIES. 

store at that place, building up a large and extensive 
business. In 1908 he started in the automobile busi- 
ness in a small way. In this line his success was 
phenomenal, disposing of 314 Ford cars the past year. 
In 1910 he incorporated his store business under the 
style of the W. E. Mount Company, some of his em- 
ployes being interested with him. He has been a 
member of the Borough Council since 1900, of the 
Board of Education since 1902, and was Postmaster 
under President Cleveland, 1893 to 1897. He was 
re-elected to the Assem.bly by a plurality of 1,909 over 
Van Derveer, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket. Last year he was chairman of the Committee 
on Stationery and Printed Bills, and a member of the 
Committees on Boroughs and Borough Commissions 
and Home for Boys. 

WILLIAM WINANS. 
(Dem., Asbury Park.) 

Mr. Winans was born at Rahway, N. J., March 4th, 
1874, and is a wholesale salt and paper dealer, being 
vice-president of C. G. Winans Company, with ware- 
houses at Newark, Trenton and Asbury Park. He was 
graduated from the Asbury Park High School in 1891, 
attended the Long Branch High School for two years, 
and Columbia College, class of 1897. He entered the 
New York Law School and left it after nearly two 
years' work to engage in business in Asbury Park. He 
is chairman of the Committee on Finance of the As- 
bury Park Common Council and has two years more to 
serve. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 926 over Van Derveer, the higlaest candidate on the 
Republican ticket. 

Democrats — Winans, 6,887; W. E. Mount, 7,870. 

Republicans — Thomson, 5,358; Van Derveer, 5,961. 

Progressives— Dodd, 1,839; Pach, 1,995. 

Prohibitionists— Edwards, 250; F. G. Mount, 560. 



Morris County. 

GEORGE W. DOWNS. 

(Rep., Madison.) 
Mr. Downs was born at Hackettstown, N. J., October 
14th, 1855, and is engaged in the paper board business. 
He received his education in the public schools of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 357 

Hackettstown. He served as Councilman for the bor- 
ough of Madison from September, 1904, to May, 1910, 
when he was elected Mayor to fill the vacancy caused 
by the death of Mayor Anderson. He was again elected 
in 1911 for a two-year term, covering the years 1912- 
13. His services as Councilman and Mayor together 
cover a period of nearly ten years. It was largely 
through his efforts that the Board of Publlc'lmprove- 
ment was organized in Madison in February, 1912, and 
the Mayors Society of Morris County in February, 1913. 
He was elected president of that society. He is a 
member of Madison Lodge, No. 93, F. and A. M., the 
Madison Golf Club and Board of Public Improvement. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 247 
over Budd, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. 

HARRY W. MUTCHLER. 
(Rep., Rockaway.) 

Mr. Mutchler was born at Asbury, N. J., October 8th, 
1862, and is a traveling salesman. He has resided in 
Morris county practically all his life. When a young 
man he attended the Phillipsburg High School. His 
first employment was as clerk in a general store at 
New Foundland, N. J., where he stayed seven years, 
and next he became acting manager for Lawrence & 
King, at Stanhope, N. J., and subsequently was em- 
ployed by the Richards Beach Company, at Hibernia, 
for seven years as bookkeeper, and for the past twenty 
years has been a traveling salesman for Edward D. 
Depew & Co., wholesale grocers, of New York City. 

Mr. Mutchler is a member of Acacia Lodge, No. 20', 
F. and A. M.; Citizens Lodge, No. 144, I. O. O. F.; 
Bethlehem Encampment, No. 50, I. O. O. F. ; No. 195, 
Jr. O. U. A. M., and Rockaway Council, No. 1349, Royal 
Arcanum; and he is also a member of the Rockaway 
Fire Department and Board of Trade, and a director 
of the Rockaway First National Bank, and Rockaway 
Building and Loan Association. He was elected to the 
Assembly by .a plurality of 890 over Budd, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

Republicans — Downs, 4,737; Mutchler, 5,380. 

Democrats — Budd, 4,490; Mooney, 4,239. 

Progressives — Peirce, 1,472; Lum, 1,593. 

Socialists — Mathews, 594; Schaenen, 485. 

Prohibitionists — Logan, 271; Williams, 293. 



358 BIOGRAPHIES. 



Ocean County. 

DAVID GROVE CONRAD. 
(Rep., Barnegat.) 

Mr. Conrad was bopn in Philadelphia, Pa., March 
16th, 1867^ came to Barnegat in 1874, and has been 
in the lumber and mill business all his life. He was 
appointed for one year a member of the Board of 
Freeholders, 190'5, and was elected as such in 1906- 
'09-'12, without any opposition. He is one of the 
directors of the Tuckerton bank and a stockholder in 
the Barnegat Water Company, Mr. Conrad is a mem- 
ber of Barnegat Lodge, No. 71, K. of P.; State Council, 
No. 202, Jr. O. U. A. M., and of Cedar Run Lodge, I. O. 
O. F. He was a candidate for the Assembly in 1911 
and was defeated by Harry E. Newman by a plurality 
of 459. In 1912 he was elected to that office by a plu- 
rality of 424 over Haag, Democrat, and in 1913 he was 
re-elected by a plurality of 357 over Moore, Democrat. 
Last year Mr. Conrad served on the Committees on 
Bill Revision, Municipal Corporations, Riparian Rights, 
Stationery, Deaf Mutes, Treasurer's Accounts and Bill 
Files. 

Conrad, Rep., 1,636; Moore, Dem., 1,279; Havens, 
Prog., 1,268; Simpson, Pro., 75. 



Passaic Connty. 

WILLIAM J. BARBOUR. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Barbour was born in counts^ Down, Ireland, May 
25th, 1859. He is a lawyer by profession and engaged 
in active practice. He received his early education in 
the national schools of Ireland, and is a graduate of 
the InstitiUe, Belfast. He, holds eight diplomas for 
proficiency in modern arts and sciences frQm the South 
Kensington Museum of London, England. He came to 
this country in 1885, and has since lived in Haledon. 
He was formerly engaged as a manufacturer of linens 
and silks. He was associated with the Haledon Board 
of Education as member and clerk for fourteen years. 
He has also been counsel for several boroughs and 



BIOGRAPHIES. 359 

townships of Passaic and Bergen counties for a num- 
ber of years. He has always been a Republican, but 
with independent tendencies. He is an exempt fire- 
man and a life member of the New Jersey Firemen's 
Association, and a past master of Haledon F. and A. 
M. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
1,831 over Joelson, the highest candidate on tlie Demo- 
cratic ticket. This is his first public office, 

GEORGE H. DALRYMPLE. 
(Rep.-, Passaic.) 

Mr. Dalrymple was born at Marshall's Corner, now 
Glenmore, Mercer county, New Jersey, August 6th, 
1861. In the year 1876 he moved to Trenton with his 
parents, where he continued to reside until 1892, when 
he left that city to take a position with the Okonite 
Insolated and Wire Company, of Passaic, N. J. Here 
he took up the study of law, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1897. 

Mr. Dalrymple has served Passaic City in various ca- 
pacities. He was School Commissioner for four years, 
1899-1903; represented his county in the Assembly for 
three years, 1903-'05, and was appointed police judge 
January 17th, 1905. This office he held until January 
17th, 1910. 

Mr. Dalrymple has been most active in the charitable 
work of this city. He successfully organized Passaic's 
first playground, worked diligently until the movement, 
was assured, and was a valued member and chairman 
of Passaic's Playground Commission, 1910-1913, 

He was induced to run independently last fall, and 
won his Assembly nomination by an overwhelming 
majority, heading his ticket. His triumph was re- 
peated at the poles on election day, when he was given 
a plurality of 2,415 over Joelson, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. During his three years' ser- 
vice in the Assembly he served on some of the most 
important committees. 

WILLIAM HUGHES. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Hughes was born in Ireland, August 3d, 1879, 
and is a professor of music. He was a member of the 
Paterson Board of Aldermen from January 1st, 1911, 



360 BIOGRAPHIES. 

to January 1st, 1914. He was elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 2,499 over Joelson, the highest candi- 
date on the Democratic ticket. He received more votes 
than any other candidate for Assembly. 

JOHN HUNTER. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Hunter was born at Glasgow, Scotland, in July, 
1869, and is a proprietor of baths. He is well known 
as a labor leader and organizer, serving. as treasurer of 
the United Broad Silk "Weavers of America for a term 
of six years. He served three years as doorkeeper of 
the General Assembly, was appointed Factory Inspec- 
tor in 1898, for a term of three years by Governor 
Voorhees, and was keeper of the Passaic County Jail 
for four and one-half years under Sheriffs Sturr and 
Bergen, He is a life-long Republican, and among his 
friends are leading members of his party in Passaic 
county and throughout the State. He was electedto 
the Assembly by a plurality of 2,083 over Joelson, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

EDMUND B. RANDALL. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Randall was born in the city of Paterson, N. J., 
February 12th, 1883, and has always resided there. 
He is the only son of Thomas W. Randall, a well- 
known lawyer of that city. He attended school in 
Paterson until fourteen years of age, when he entered 
Mohegan Lake School, a preparatory school at Peeks- 
kill-on-the-Hudson, where he remained for three years 
and then entered Princeton University, graduating in 
1904. Immediately thereafter he entered the law of- 
fices of the firm, of Grouse «& Perkins, at Jersey City. 
While connected with that firm he attended the New 
York Law School, from which he graduated in 1907. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar in the June 
term of that year, and immediately began the practice 
of his profession at Paterson. In 1910 he entered into 
a law partnership with Mr. Gustav A. Hunziker, the 
firm being known as Hunziker & Randall. Mr. Ran- 
dall was a member of the Fifth Regiment N. G. of 
N. J. for a period of five years, serving as second lieu- 
tenant of Company C, and retired from service in 1911. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 361 

Mr, Randall's political faith has always been Republi- 
can. Three years subsequent to his admission to the 
State bar he became a counselor-at-law, and has since 
been appointed a Supreme Court commissioner. He is 
president of the Princeton Alumni Association of Pas- 
saic county. He was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 1,644 over Joelson, the highest candidate on 
the Democratic ticket. 

Republicans — Barbour, 9,563; Dalrymple, 10,147; 
Hughes, 10,231; Hunter, 9,815; Randall, 9,376. 

Democrats — Buckley, 7,464; Joelson, 7,732; Kerwin, 
7,492; Matthews, 7,435; Nolan, 6,835. 

Progressives — Adamson, 8,662; Dadley, 3,530; Kush- 
ner, 3,504; Tybe, 3,354; Whitehead, 4,109. 

Socialists — De Graff, 4,221; Haenichen, 4,452; Kadel, 
4,289; Ullman, 4,298; Webster, 4,311. 

Prohibitionists — Benz, 459; Bolton, 360; Farren, 250; 
Sagar, 204; Troost, 302. 

Social-Labor — Ernst, 244; Landgraf, 175; ^ Millstin, 
138; Rauer. 135; Tannerelli, 127. 



Salem County. 

WILLIAM M. WHEATLET. 
(Dem., Elmer.) 

Mr. Wheatley was born at Galestown, Md., June 12th, 
1885, and is a newspaper man. He was educated in the 
public schools of Dorchester county, Maryland. He 
formerly resided at Pedricktown, Salem county, where 
he married a niece of ex-Senator Strimple. He has al- 
ways been an active Democrat, and is the youngest 
member ever elected in Salem. In fishing interests he 
has always been active, and is a strong advocate of 
extending to the fishermen and gunners the same privi- 
leges enjoyed by those of Delaware. He is an earnest 
believer in union labor and that labor be given equal 
rights with capital. He believes in the recognition of 
the young men of his party and is in accord with all 
progressive movements and the legislation enacted 
under the leadership of Governor, now President, Wil- 
son. Representing an agricultural county, Mr. Wheat- 
ley is an advocate of all measures tending toward the 



362 BIOGRAPHIES. 

welfare of his constituents. He is a strong- believer in 
home rule in county and municipal affairs, particularly 
as reg-arding taxation and the control and management 
of the school system. He is opposed to centralization 
of power, 

Mr. Wheatley is a member of Oriental Lodge, I. O. O. 
F., and of Camp No. 76 P. O. S. A. of Elmer, and is past 
district president of the latter organization. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 173 over 
Greenwood, Republican. 

Wheatley, Dem., 2,354; Greenwood, Rep., 2,181; Ram- 
sey, Prog., 464; Dennis., Pro., 112. 



Somerset County. 

AZARIAH M. BEEKMAN. 
(Dem., Somerville.) 

Mr, Beekman was born at Bound Brook, December 
3d, 1873, and is a counselor-at-law. As his name indi- 
cates, he is of Holland Dutch extraction, his ancestors 
being- among the most early colonists. He has always 
resided in Somerset county. His early education was 
received in the country school at Martinsville, N. J., 
where his parents, James and Cynthia A. Beekman, 
now reside. 

Mr. Beekman pursued his law studies in the office 
of the present Supreme Court Judge, James J. Ber- 
gen, and also in the office of ex-Congressman Alvah 
A, Clark. He was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 
June, 1896, and since has practiced law in Somerville. 
He was a candidate for member of Assembly in 1911 
and was defeated; ran again in 1912 and was elected 
by 524 over Anderson, Republican. In 1913 he was re- 
elected by a plurality of 466 over Hammond, Republi- 
can. In politics he has an independent tendency, and 1&> 
always liberal and democratic in his views. Last j-ear 
he served as chairman of the Committee on Deaf Mutes, 
and as a member of the Committees on Banks and In- 
surance and Federal Relations. 

Beekman, Dem., 3,036; Hammond, Rep., 2,570; 
Hughes, Prog., 581; Dally, Pro., 91. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 36^ 



Sussex County. 

HENRY T. KAYS. 
(Dem., Newton.) 

Mr. Kays was born at Newton, N. J., September 
29th, 1878, and is a lawyer. He was graduated from 
Newton Public School in 1896; from the English and 
Classical School in 1898; entered Princeton University 
in 1899, and was graduated in the Spring of 1903. 
He taught sciences in the English and Classical 
School of Newton two years. He studied law at New- 
ton in the law offices of Thomas M. Kays, his father, 
and was admitted to the New Jersey bar in February, 

1910. He was a member of the Board of Chosen Free- 
holders of Sussex county from May, 1910, to June, 

1911, has been counsel of the Board of Chosen Free' 
holders since June, 1911, and still holds that position, 
and is attorney of the Town of Newton, which office 
he has held since January 1st, 1912. Mr, Kays was 
re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 1,204 over 
Corwin, Republican. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Appropriations, Federal Relations and New 
Jersey Reformatory. 

Kays, Dem., 2,536; Corwin, Rep., 1,332; Smith, Prog., 
265; Roe, Pro., 178. 



Union County. 

JOHN J. GRIFFIN. 
(Dem., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Griffin was born at Elizabeth, N. J., August 14th, 
1878, and is a lawyer. He was appointed Assistant 
City Attorney of Elizabeth in March, 1913, to fill the 
unexpired term of Joseph T. Hague. Mr. Griffin was 
re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 97 over 
Martin, Republican. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Riparian Rights, Passed Bills and Sinking 
Fund, and as chairman of the Committee on Commerce 
and Navigation. 



364 BIOGRAPHIES. 



WILLIAM A. LEONARD. 
(Dem., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Leonard was born at Elizabeth, N. J., October 
20th, 1882, and is a newsdealer, which business he has 
followed for sixteen years. He was educated at St. 
Patrick's Parochial School and at the Dominican Con- 
vent and finished at the Union Business College. He 
is a member of the following- organizations: T. M. 
C. L., of St. Mary's parish; Elizabeth council, K. of C, 
No. 253; Y. M. F. M. T. A. B. Society; Elizabeth Lodge, 
No. 289, B. P. O. E.; Court Boudinot, No. 1285, L O. F.; 
El Zagel Caravan, Order of Alhambra, of Newark; 
John Gilmary Shea Fourth Degree Assembly, and St. 
Mary's Holy Name Society, and is president of the 
latter organization. In 1911 he was Assistant Ser- 
geant-at-Arms of the House of Assembly. He was 
re-elected to the Assembly bj^ a plurality of 53 over 
Martin, Republican. Last year he served as chairman 
of the Committee on Railroads and Canals, and as a 
ir^ember of the Committees on Highways and Public 
Grounds and Buildings. 

FRANCIS V. DOBBINS. 
(Dem., Rahway.) 

Mr. Dobbins was born December 3d, 1875, at Rah- 
way, Union county, and is a lawyer by profession. He 
was educated in the public schools of Rahway, Rutgers 
College, Columbia University, School of Mines and New 
York Law' School. He was elected to the Assembly by 
a plurality of 328 over Martin, the highest candidate 
on the Republican ticket. 

Democrats — Dobbins, 8,691; Griffin, 8,460; Leonard, 
8,416. 

Republicans — Babcock, 8,164; Evans, 7,815; Martin, 
8,363. 

Progressives — Fish, 2,743; Morrell, 2,602; Moy, 2,651. 

Socialists — Brelsford, 1,629; Sabrine, 1,617; Teitel- 
back, 1,637. 

Prohibitionists — King, 153; Smith, 149; Van Cise, 
116. 

Social-Labor — McCrorie, 93; Peterson, 117; Sandberg, 
112. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 365 



Warren County. 

HENRY O. CARHART. M.D. 

(Dem., Blairstown.) 

Doctor Carhart was born at Belvidere, N. J., June 
13th, 1863, and is a physician. He moved from Bel- 
videre to Phillipsburg-, N. J., when four years old, 
wliere he attended public schools, graduating from the 
High School in class of 1881. That summer he took a 
competitive examination, held by Congressman Harris, 
for Annapolis, and received the appointment, having 
one hundred and fifty points more than the nearest 
competitor. Tliere being some question as to his age 
he resigned and commenced the study of medicine with 
Dr. J. H. Griflith, of Phillipsburg. In the fall 'of 1882 
he entered Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, 
Pa., and graduated in the class of 1886. After staying 
in a hospital for a few months he returned to Phillips- 
burg and opened an office there. He located in Blairs- 
town, December 7th, 1887, where he is still practicing. 
He was county collector of Warren county from 1904 
to 1912 and was chosen for another term. He was 
re-elected to the Assembly for a third term by a plu- 
rality of 6S7 over Jeffery, Republican. Last year the 
Doctor served as chairman of the Committee on Public 
Health, and as a member of the Committees on Game 
and Fish, Labor and Industries and Sanatorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases. 

Carhart, Dem., 3,0'50; Jeffery, Rep., 2,353; Conkling, 
Prog., 733; Iliff, Pro., 277; Kelso, Soc, 170. 



Summary. 

House — Democrats.... 37 Republicans 23 = 60 

Senate — Democrats.... 11 Republicans 10 = 21 

48 33 81 

Democratic majority on joint ballot, 15. 



366 BIOGRAPHIES. 

THE JUDICIARY. 



UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT. 

JOHN RELLSTAB, Trenton. 
Judge Rellstab, who was born in Trenton, N. J., 
September 19, 1858, is a son " of John and Theresa 
(Schaidnag-el) Rellstab, the former a native of Switzer- 
land and the latter of Bavaria. He obtained his edu- 
cation in the parish school of the Trinity Evangelical 
Liutheran Church and the public schools of the city of 
Trenton. Before he was fourteen years of age he 
began to learn the pottery trade. During the latter 
part of his apprenticeship he began the study of law 
at night, having entered his name with the late Levi 
T. Hannum. In order to complete his law studies he 
left the trade of potter after becoming a journeyman 
and took a clerical position in the office of the New 
Jersey Pottery Company, later taking charge of the 
company's salesrooms in New York City and sub- 
sequently becoming salesman on the western and 
southern routes for the same firm. At a later period 
he served in the capacity of commercial traveler for 
the East Trenton pottery. Having chosen law as his 
profession, he kept steadily on with that one end in 
view and was finally admitted to the bar at the No- 
vember term, 1882, and as a counselor at the Novem- 
ber term, 1889. At one time he was a partner of the 
late Judge James Buchanan. He served in the capa- 
city of solicitor for the borough of Chambersburg from 
1884 to 1888, and for the city of Trenton from 1889 to 
1892, and from 1894 to 1896. In the last-named year 
he was made Judge of the District Court for the city 
of Trenton, serving until 1900, when he was made 
Judge of Mercer county. He was reappointed to the 
latter office in 1905. In politics Judge Rellstab is a 
staunch supporter of Republican principles. In re- 
ligious faith he adheres to that of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which he is a ruling elder and teacher of 
the men's Bible class. He is one of the directors of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, the chairman 
of the Committee on Foreign Work of the same so- 
ciety, the chairman of the Advisory Board of the 
Florence Crittendon Mission, and a member of the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 367 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Children's Home 
Society. He was appointed United States District 
Judge on May 6, 1909, and was confirmed on May 18. 
He was succeeded by Frederick W. Gniclitel as Judge 
of the Mercer County Court. 

His salary is $6,000 a year and his office is a life 
tenure. 

VACANCY, (^ee Addenda.) 
A successor to Judge Josepli Cross, deceased, had not 
been named when this part of the Manual went to 
press. 



COURT OF CHANCERY. 
Chancellor. 

EDWIN ROBERT WALKER, Trenton. 
(Term seven years, salary $13,000 per annum.). 

Chancellor Walker was born in Rochester, New 
York, September 13th, 1862, where his father, Dr. 
Walter Walker, practiced medicine and surgery, but 
since 1869 he has lived in Trenton, the home of his 
maternal ancestors, two of whom were officers in the 
American army during the Revolutionary war, and 
one of whom was State Treasurer of New Jersey. 

Mr. Walker went to the Model School until 1878. 
when he left to become clerk in the office of the late 
Hon. Henry S. Little, then Clerk in Chancery. While 
serving a clerkship in the Chancery office he studied 
law with the late Col. S. Meredith Dickinson and 
afterwards with Judge Garret D. W. Vroom. He was 
admitted to the bar at the June term of the Supreme 
Court, 1886, and at once thereafter commenced the 
practice of his profession, in which he was actively 
engaged until appointed to the bench. In 1891-92 
Mr. Walker was counsel for the Board Jf Chosen 
Freeholders of the county of Mercer, and in 1892-93 
was city counsel for the corporation of Trenton. Mr. 
Walker was Judge-Advocate of the Second Regiment, 
N. G. N. J., with the rank of Captain in 1906, and in 
1907 was made Judge- Advocate of the Second Bri- 
gade with the rank of Major. He was appointed 
Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor Magie on October 29. 



368 BIOGRAPHIES. 

1907, for a full term of seven years, to succeed Vice- 
Chancellor Bergen, who resigned to become a Justice 
of the Supreme Court. On March ISth, 1912, Governor 
Wilson nominated Mr. Walker for the office of Chan- 
cellor to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chancellor Mahlon Pitney, andi he was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. 

The Chancellor is a Democrat in politics. 



Vfee-Chancellors. 

(Term seven years, salary $12,000 a year.) 
JOHN R. EMERY. Newark. 

Vice-Chancellor Emery was born in Flemlngton, Hunter- 
don county, N. J., July 6th, 1842. He was graduated from 
Princeton College in 1861. and studied law under Bennet 
Van Syckel, since a Justice of the Supreme Court, and also 
under the late Vice-Chancellor Van Fleet. He was 
a commissioned officer in the Fifteenth Regiment, New 
Jersey Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil War, but, con- 
tracting fever while in the service, was mustered out 
for physical disability. In 1865 he was admitted to the 
bar, when he formed a partnership with Mr, Van 
Fleet, which continued for one year. Then he went 
to Trenton, where he formed a partnership with the 
late Augustus G. Richey, which was continued until 
1874. The next year he moved to Newark, where he 
opened a law office and soon built up an extensive 
practice. About twenty years ago Mr. Emery was 
made an Advisory Master. He has never held any 
political office. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor by 
Chancellor McGill on January 29th, 1895. for a full 
term of seven years, to succeed the late Vice-Chancel- 
lor Van Fleet. He was re-appointed by Chancellor 
Magie in 1902, and by Chancellor Pitney in 1909. In 
politics he is a Republican. His term will expire in 
January, 1916. 

FREDERIC W. STEVENS, Newark. 
Vice-Chancellor Stevens was born in Hoboken. N. J.. 
June 9th, 1846. He was graduated from Columbia Law 
College in 1865; was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney In November, 186S, and as a counselor three 
years later. He first came into public life in 1873, when he 



BIOGRAPHIES. 369 

was appointed Judge of the Second District Court of New- 
ark. He remained in that position for two years. In 1839 
the Judg-e was appointed County Counsel of Essex county, 
and filled that office for some years. Although he has not 
held any other public offices, Mr. S'.evens has always been 
a prominent figure in some of the biggest legal fights ever 
made In the State and County Courts. One of those was 
the settlement of the back taxes of the Delaware. Lacka- 
wanna and Western Railroad Company. In that case he 
and Judge Dillon acted as arbitrators. He is a member 
of the Ecclesiastical Law Committee of the Protestant 
Episcopal Diocese of Newark, and, with the late Cort- 
landt Parker, revised all of the canons g'overning 
that body. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor in 1896, 
as a successor to John T. Bird. In 1903 he was ap- 
pointed for another term, and again in 1910. In 
politics he is a Democrat. His term will expire in 
1917. 

EUGENE STEVENSON, Paterson. 
Vice-Chancellor Stevenson was born In Brooklyn, N. T., 
June 28. 1849. He moved to Paterson with his parents in 
1866. and has since resided there. He was graduated from 
the New York University as a Bachelor of Arts In the 
class of 1870, and was also graduated from the Law De- 
partment of the same institution. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law office of Socrates Tuttle, father-in-law of 
the late Vice-President Hobart, where he continued his 
studies. In June. 1874. Mr. Stevenson was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney-at-Iaw, and three years later was 
made a counsellor. In 1881 he was appointed a Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Passaic county by Governor Ludlow. He 
served a full term of five years in that office. He did not 
seek a reappointment. Since that time he has ne%er held 
a public office, although he has often been sought as a 
candidate for such. Prior to his elevation to the bench he 
enjoyed a very large practice in the higher courts of the 
State. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor on April 16, 1901, 
for a full term of seven years. He was reappointed In 
1908. In politics he is a Democrat. His term will 
expire in 1915. 

EDMUND B. LEAMING, Camden. 

Vice-Chancellor Learning, who was born at Seaville, 
Cape May county, N. J., fifty-four 3'ears ago, is the 
son of ex-Senator and Dr. Jonathan F. Learning and a 

24 



370 BIOGRAPHIES. 

brother of Dr. Walter S. Learning, now deceased, who 
also served as Senator from Cape May. The Vice- 
Chancellor was, with his brother, educated under a 
private tutor, and subsequently as a post graduate 
in the University of Pennsylvania, and thereafter 
studied law v/ith the la^te Judge and former Con- 
gressman James Buchanan in Trenton. United 
States Judge William M. Lanning, Congressman 
Ira Wood, Prosecutor of the Pleas Eugene Emley, Alfred 
L. Black, Samuel W. Beldon and Samuel Walker, Jr., 
were law students in Trenton at the same time and pre- 
pared for the bar with Vice-Chancellor Learning. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 1881, and 
as a counselor in February, 1884. From Trenton he went 
to Seattle, and then lo San Francisco, where he practiced 
his profession for a brief period. Upon his return to New 
Jersey he formed a co-partnership with Samuel W. Bel- 
don. Upon its dissolution by the appointment of Mr. Bel- 
don as general counsel of the Fidelity Trust Company, at 
Newark, N, J., he practiced by himself In Camden and 
until he was appointed VIce-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Magie on September 21, 1906, to fill a vacancy caused by 
the death of Martin P. Grey. In 1913 he was appointed 
for another term by Chancellor Walker. In politics he 
is a Republican. His term will expire in 1920. 

JAMES E. HOWELL, Newark. 

Vice-Chancellor Howell was horn !n Wantage town- 
ship, Sussex county, N. J., June 25, 1848. He attended 
the common schools in that locality, and finishing in 
them was sent to Mt. Retirement Seminary, near 
Deckertown, now Sussex. This was a well-known 
academy in those days and was sometimes called 
Stiles' School. Taking up the law as his profession, 
Mr. Howell studied at the University of Michigan, 
from which he was graduated. He also read law in 
the ofllce of Coult & VanBlarcom at Newton. He was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney In 
February, 1872, and as a counselor in June, 1880. 

In 1874 Mr. Howell came to Newark and has lived 
there ever since and practised his profession until he 
became a Vice-Chancellor. On January 1, 1876, he 
formed a co-partnership with Joseph Coult, which 
lasted under the well-known firm of Coult & Howell 
until he accepted his present office. Being much 



BIOGRAPHIES. 371 

interested in literature, he owns a valuable private 
library and is a trustee of the Newark Free Public 
Library. He served as a commissioner for the erec- 
tion of the new City Hall in Newark, under appoint- 
ment of the late Mayor Seymour, and paid especial 
attention to the details of the construction of the 
building-. He served on the Essex County Sinking 
Fund Commission for several years, belongs to the 
Board of Trade, the Road Horse Drivers' Associa- 
tion, the State Bar Association, and is a member of 
several clubs. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor 
by Chancellor Magie to succeed Henry C. Pitney, who 
had resigned, and received his commission April 9, 
1907, for a term of seven years. In politics he is a 
Republican. His term will expire in 1914. 

VIVIAN M. LEWIS, Paterson. 

Vice-Chancellor Lewis was born at Paterson, N. J., 
June 8th, 1869. Prior to his admission to the bar he 
was engaged as correspondent of several New York 
newspapers. He was appointed judge-advocate of 
the old Second Regiment, National Guard, in July, 
1896, and served until the reorganization in 1899, 
when he was placed on the retired list with the rank 
of captain. He was elected to the Assembly, in 
1898, 1899 and 1900, and was leader of the Republi- 
can majority on the floor of the House during his 
last term. He was for many years one of the counsel 
of the State Board of Health. He was elected City 
Counsel of Paterson in 1904 for a full term of office, 
but resigned upon his appointment by Governor Mur- 
phy as Clerk In Chancery, to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Edward C. Stokes, who was 
elected Governor. He was nominated for a full term 
of office in 1905, by Governor Stokes, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. He served in that office until 
April, 1909, when he was appointed Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, which office he held until 
April 3d, 1912, when he was appointed a Vice-Chan- 
cellor by Chancellor Walker. He was the Republican 
candidate for Governor in 1910. His term will expire 
in 1919. 



372 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JOHN H. BACKES, Trenton. 

Vice-Chancellor Backes was born in Trenton, N. J., 
August 18th, 1863. He was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at the November term, 1884, and in February, 
1888, he was licensed as a counsellor. He has always 
practiced his profession in Trenton. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 

Mr. Backes was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by 
Chancellor Walker on February 22d, 1913, for a term 
of seven j-ears, at a salary of $12,000 per annum. 

JOHN GRIFFIN, Jersey City. 

Vice-Chancellor Griffin was born in Jersey City, 
June 26th, 1858. He was educated in the public schools 
and at an early age entered the law offices of Bedle, 
Muirheid & McGee as a student. He was admitted to 
the bar as an attorney in June, 1881, and as a coun- 
sellor three years later. At one time he was a partner 
of James A. Romeyn, and subsequently became a junior 
partner' in the old firm headed by the late Governor 
Bedle. He specialized in admiralty law, of which he 
became a recognized authority. He has had an exten- 
sive practice in all the higher courts of the State and 
in the Supreme Court of the United States. Much of 
the municipal laws of the State have been framed by 
him, and for seventeen years he has been counsel to 
the Board of Freeholders of Hudson county. 

Mr. Griffin was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chan- 
cellor Walker, March 20th, 1913, for a term of seven 
years. His salary is $12,000 per annum. In politics he 
is a Democrat. 



JUSTICES OP THE SUPREME COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years. The salary of the Chief Jus 

tice is $13,000 a year, and that of each Associate 
Justice, $12,000.) 

Chief Justice. 

WILLIAM S. GUMMERE. Newark. 

Chief Justice Gummere was born in Trenton, June 24th 

1852, and is a son of the late Barker Gummere, who for 

many years was one of the acknowledged leaders of the 

bar of New Jersey. The Justice was educated at the old 



BIOGRAPHIES. 373 

Trenton Academy and the Lawrenceville School, and waa 
graduated from Princeton College in 1870. He studied lav: 
with his father, and upon being admitted to the bar he 
practiced for a time in the office of G. D. W. Vroom, when 
that gentleman was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer 
county. Subsequently Mr. Gummere formed a co-partner- 
ship with his uncle, the late ex-Governor Parker, In New- 
ark, and after that had been dissolved he was associated 
with Oscar Keen, of the same city. This continued until 
the late Edward T. Green was made Judge of the United 
States District Court, when Mr. Gummere succeeded him 
as counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, with 
offices in Trenton. On February 18th, 1895, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Werts as a Justice of the Supreme 
Court, to succeed the late Justice Abbett for a term of 
seven years, and he was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate on the day following. On January 28, 1901, he was 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to take effect on November 16, 1901, and he 
was confirmed on February 4th following. The nomination 
was made to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chief Justice David A. Depue, who, after serving a period 
of thirty-five years on the bench, vacated the office on 
November 16th, 1901. Chief Justice Gummere took the oath 
of office on November 19, 1901. He was reappointed 
by Governor I-'ort on January 22d, 1908, and was at 
once confirmed by the Senate. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. His term wnll expire in 1915. His circuit 
comprises Essex county. Population, 512,886. 

CHARLES GRANT GARRISON, Merchantvllle. 
Justice Garrison was born in Swedesboro, Gloucester 
county, N. J., August 3d, 1849. He is a son of Rev. Joseph 
Fithian Garrison, D. D., a well known divine of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, who was a professor in a Phila- 
delphia college for a number of years, and died In 1893. 
The Judge was educated at Edgehill School, Princeton, at 
the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and In the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated as a physl- 
'^lan in 1872. He practiced that profession until 1876, at 
Swedesboro, and then entered the law office of Samuel H. 
Grey, of Camden, where he remained until he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1878. He was made Judge-Advo- 
cate General of New Jersey In 1884, and in 1882 he was 
made Chancellor of the Southern Diocese of the Prot- 



3'r4 • BIOGRAPHIES. 

estant Episcopal Church of New Jersey. He was ap- 
pointed to the Supreme Court bench in January, 1888, in 
the place of the late ex-Governor Joel Parker, for a full 
term of seven years. He was re-appointed in 1895 by 
Governor Werts and again by Governor Murphy in 
1902 and by Governor Fort in 1909. In politics he is 
a Democrat. His term expires in 1916. 

His circuit consists of the counties of Camden and 
Gloucester. Total population, 179,397. 

FRANCIS J. SWATZE. Newark. 

Justice Sv.ayze was born in Newton, Sussex county. May 
15th, 1861, and is a son of Jacob L. Swayze. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard College in 1879, and afterward studied 
law in the office of Martin Rosenkrans, in Newton. He 
also took a course at Harvard Law School, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey in June, 1882, and was made 
a counselor-at-law three years later. 

The Judge served as Chairman of the Sussex Republican 
County Committee from 1886 to 18S9. He was a member of 
the Republican State Committee from 1889 to 1892, and was 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1892. 
In that year he removed to Newark and thereafter confined 
himself to the practice of his profession. He became a 
member of the law firm of Colie & Swayze, later Colie. 
Swayze & Titsworth. On February 13th. 1900. he was nom- 
inated by Governor Voorhees as a Circuit Court Judge to 
succeed Francis Child and he was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate for a term of seven years. On January 13, 
1903, he was nominated by Governor Murphy as a Justice 
of the Supreme Court to succeed Justice Collins, who had 
resigned, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate 
on January 20, for a full term of seven years. He 
was renominated in 1910 and was promptly confirmed 
by the Senate. His term will expire in January, 
1917. His circuit comprises the county of Hudson,- 
Population, 537,231. 

THOMAS WHITAKER TRENCHARD, Trenton. 

(His term expired January 15th, 1914. His successor 

was not named when this part of the Manual 

went to press. See Addenda.) 

Justice Trenchard was born in Centreton, Salem county, 
N. J., December 13th, 1863. His father was William B. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 375 

Trenchard, for many years Clerk of the County of Cum- 
berland. The Judge was educated In the public schools of 
Bridgeton and in the South Jersey Institute, from which 
he was graduated in the class of 1882. He read law in the 
office of Porter and Nixon, and was admitted to the bar 
as an attorney at the November term of court In 1886, and 
as a counselor in February, 1893. He practiced law In 
Bridgeton, and In 1899 he was appointed Law Judge of 
Cumberland county by Governor Voorhees. In 1904 he was 
reappointed by Governor Murphy. He served as City So- 
licitor of Bridgeton from 1S92 to 1899, and was a member of 
the House of Assembly in 1889. During many years he 
was Solicitor for the Board of Health of Bridgeton. He 
was one of the organizers of the Cumberland County Bar 
Association and has served as its president. In 1896 he 
was chosen a Presidential Elector, when he cast his ballot 
for McKinley and Hobart. The Judge is a member of the 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution. On June 8th, 
1906, Governor Stokes appointed him a Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to fill a vacancy caused by the death 
of Justice Dixon. He was nominated and confirmed 
for a full term in 1907. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Mercer, Hunterdon and Warren. Popula- 
tion, 202,413. 

CHARLES W. PARKER, Jersey City. 

Justice Parker was born at Newark, N. J., October 
22, 1862, and is a son of the late Cortlandt and Eliza- 
beth W. (Stites) Parker. He received his preliminary 
education at Pingvy School, Elizabeth, N. J., and 
Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H. He was grad- 
uated from Princeton College with honors in 1882; 
read law under the direction of his father and at Col- 
,umbia Law School from 1882 to 1885; was admitted 
to the New Jersey bar as an attorney in June, 
1885, and as a counselor at the February term, 1890. 
He practiced his profession in Newark till 1890, and 
thereafter in Bayonne City, and since 1891 in Jersey 
City. In 1898 he was appointed a District Court Judge 
for Jersey City, and in 1903 he was reappointed. He 
resigned that office in 1903 and accepted an appoint- 
ment by Governor Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit 
Court. The appointment was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate and he took his seat on March 2, 1903. 
This office he held until October, 1907, when he re- 



376 BIOGRAPHIES. 

signed to become a Justice of the Supreme Court, to 
which office he was nominated by Governor Stokes 
and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on Sep- 
tember 25 for a full term of seven years. He succeeds 
John Franklin Fort, who had resigned upon his nomi- 
nation as the Republican candidate for Governor. H«» 
served as Assistant Adjutant General of the State from 
1902 to 1907, after twelve years enlisted and com- 
missioned service in the Essex Troop and Fourth 
Regiment, and was aide de camp on the staff of Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy, during the latter's term of 
office. In politics the Justice is a Republican, His 
term will expir»e in 1914. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Morris, Bergen and Somerset. Population, 
251,526. 

JAMES J. BERGEN. Somerville. 

Justice Bergen Is a lineal descendant of Han Hanson 
Bergen, who came from Holland to New York city and 
was the progenitor of nearly all those bearing the 
name in America. He married Sarah Rappelyea, who. 
It is said, was the first white child born in the New 
Netherlands. Mr. Bergen's New Jersey ancestor was 
a grandson of the original emigrant, and owned con- 
siderable tracts of land in the counties of Somerset 
and Hunterdon. The family is among the oldest of 
the Holland-Dutch settlers in this country, and its 
members have always been conspicuous In business, 
professional and public affairs. 

The Justice is a son of John J. and Mary A. (Park) 
Bergen, and was born October 1, 1847, in Somerville, 
N. J., where he has always resided. He attended the 
old brick academy in his native town, and was grad- 
uated from Calvin Butler Seminary of the same place 
in 1863. At the age of seventeen he entered upon the 
study of law with the late Hugh M. Gaston, of Somer- 
ville, with whom he remained until he was admitted 
as an attorney at the November term in 1868. During 
the following year he practised his profession in 
Plainfield, N, J. On January 1, 1870, he returned to 
Somerville and formed a law partnership with his 
preceptor, Mr. Gaston, which was continued under the 
firm name of Gaston & Bergen for twenty years, when 
Mr. Gaston withdrew. He was made a counselor in 
November, 1871. 

He was elected to the Legislature in 1875, 1876, 1830 



BIOGRAPHIES. 377 

and 1891, serving as Speaker of the Assembly during 
the sessions of 1891 and 1892, and in 1896 was a dele- 
gate to the Democratic National Convention. In 1877 
he was appointed by Governor Bedle as Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, which office he held 
for six years. He was president of the Board of Com- 
missioners of Somerville and of tho savings bank 
for a long time, and has been a director of the First 
National Bank of that place. He was especially active 
in organizing police and fire departments, and is cred- 
ited with creating the public sentiment which made 
possible the introduction of a sewage system and other 
public improvements in Somerville. 

In March, 1904, he was appointed a Vice-Chancellor 
by Chancellor Magie for a full term of seven years, 
and on October 11, 1907, Governor Stokes sent his 
nomination as a Justice of the Supreme Court to the 
Senate, which was confirmed without reference. He 
took the oath of office on October IG. 1907. His term 
will expire October 11, 1914. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Union and Middlesex. Population, 254,623. 
In politics be is a Democrat. 

WILLARD P. VOORHEES, New Brunswick. 

Justice Voorhees was born in New Brunswick, N. J., 
July 28th, 1851. After studying in the Rutgers Gram- 
mar School, and under the tutelage of the late Gus- 
tavus Fischer he entered Rutgers College, from which 
institution he was graduated in 1871. He studied law 
in the office of Judge "Woodbridge Strong, and was 
admitted to practice as an attorney in 1874, and as a 
counselor four years later. As a receiver he settled 
the affairs of several large companies. He was coun- 
sel in many important cases, one of v^hich was for the 
executors of the estate of Christopher Meyer, which 
involved in litigation over $6,000,000. For some time 
he was one of the Water Commissioners of New 
Brunswick. He was appointed Associate Justice of 
the Supreme Court by Governor Fort January 22d, 
1908, for a term of seven years, and was at once con- 
firmed by the Senate. His term will expire in 1915. 
In politics he is a Republican. His circuit comprises 
the counties of Monmouth, Burlington and Ocean. 
Population, 182,617. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



JAMES P. MINTURN, Hoboken. 

Justice Minturn was born at Hoboken, N. J., July 16, 
1860. He was educated in the Hoboken public schools 
and the Martha Institute, from which he was grad- 
uated with high honors. Afterward he entered col- 
lege, but was forced to retire owing to ill health, and 
he completed his studies under the tutelage of Prof. 
Louis Barton, a graduate of Rutgers College. He was 
graduated from the Columbia College Law School, 
New York, with the degree of LL.B. in 1880, and com- 
pleted his law studies with John McKeon, one of the 
ablest lawyers of New York. He then entered the 
office of Ogden & Niven in Hoboken and there com- 
pleted his study of New Jersey law. Within a year 
after his graduation he was admitted to the bar of 
New York as an attorney and counselor. In 1884 he 
was appointed Corporation Attorney of Hoboken and 
was retained in that office until he became a Circuit 
Judge, twenty-one years altogether, despite political 
changes in administration. 

He represented Hoboken in many notable law suits, 
carrying them through the highest courts of the State 
and the United States Courts. In 1889 he represented 
that city in the dispute over the ownership of the 
river front, in which the Hoboken Land and Improve- 
ment Company and the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany were parties in litigation. The case went through 
the State Courts and was taken to the United States 
Supreme Court. 

The Judge was counsel for the Idle Henry George 
in the celebrated case of the John Hutchins will, of 
Camden, in whiVh considerable money was bequeathed 
for the circulation of George's works. After going 
through the Court of Chancery, it was taken on ap- 
peal to the Court of Errors and Appeals, where the 
claim of Mr. George was sustained. Mr. Minturn at one 
time declined the appointment of District Court Judge 
of Hoboken. He was one of the organizers of the 
Hudson County and State Bar associations. In 1903 
he wrote an article, which appeared in the New Jersey 
Law Journal, discussing the proposed constitutional 
amendments, taking the ground, while not opposing 
them, that they were insufficient for the relief of the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 379 

courts. He also contributed to Belford's Magazine an 
article, entitled ''The Iniquities of the Tariff." A Latin 
scholar and linguist, he is also an orator and a lecturer 
of high rank. He is a member of several societies and 
of the Hoboken Board of Trade. 

In 1884 Mr. Minturn was appointed Judge-Advocate 
of the old Second Regiment, National Guard, and 
served seven years and until the regiment Avas amal- 
gamated with the Fourth. He is an lionorary member 
of the DeLong Guards of Hoboken. He has always 
taken an active interest in military affairs and has 
won several medals at the Sea Girt ranges and quali- 
fied as an expert marksman. 

The Judge was one of the organizers of the Free 
Public Library of Hoboken and of the State Charities 
Aid Association. Ke also helped organize the Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and was 'ta 
counsel for several years. He has been president of 
the First National Bank of Guttenburg and vice-presi- 
dent of the Ocean County Trust Company. 

He was elected Senator in Hudson county In 1904 and 
served In that office until he took his seat as Circuit 
Judge. He was nominated for the Judgeship by Gov- 
ernor Stokes on June 21, 1907, was unanimously con- 
firmed by the Senate and was sworn into office on 
July 31. On January 22, 1908, he was nominated by 
Governor Fort as Justice of the Supreme Court, and 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. The degree 
of L.L. D. was conferred on the Justice at Seton Hall 
College in June, 1908. 

In politics he Is a Democrat, and his term will ex- 
pire In 1915. His circuit comprises the counties of 
Passaic and Sussex. Population, 242,683. 

SAMUEL KALISCH, Newark. 

Justice Kalisch was born in Cleveland, Ohio, April 
18, 1851. He is a son of Isidor Kalisch, D.D., a noted 
Jewish divine, who was a pioneer in the establish- 
ment of Reformed Judaism in this country and died 
in Newark in 1886. Mr. Kalisch was educated in the 
public schools of Lawrence, Mass., and Detroit, Mich., 
and was also under the private tutelage of his father. 
He was graduated from the Columbia College Law 
School, New- York, with the degree of LL. B. in 1870, 



380 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and was in the office of the late William B. Guild, Jr., 
until he was admitted to the bar. He waa city attor- 
ney of the city of Newark in 1875. He devoted him- 
self to a general practice of the law and built up an 
extensive and lucrative practice. He was one of the 
most prominent trial lawyers in the state and was 
counsel in many notable cases, both civil and crim- 
inal. In politics he is a Democrat. His term will 
expire in 1918. His circuit comprises the counties of 
Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland and Salem. Popu- 
lation, 173,791. 



Circuit Court Judgres. 

(Term of office, seven years. Salary, $9,000.) 

FREDERIC ADAMS, Orange. 

Judge Adams was born on October 9th, 1840, at Amherst, 
N. H. He was graduated from Phillips Academy at An- 
dover in 1858, and from Yale College in 1862. He read law 
at the Harvard Law School in 1863 and '64, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New York city In 1864. He was admitted 
to practice In New Jersey as an attorney In February, 1868, 
and as a counselor in November, 1873, Nearly his entire 
practice has been in the city of Newark, where he has 
been mucli occupied by his duties as Special and Ad- 
visory Master in Chancery. Tlie only political offices 
he ever held were as Clerk of East Orange township, 
Essex county, and as counsel for the same township. 
On March 23d, 1897, he was nominated as Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs to 
succeed Judge Barcalow, who had been appointed as 
Judge of the Passaic County Courts. He was unani- 
mously confirmed by the Senate on March 25, 1897. 
On January 13, 1903, he was nominated by Governor 
Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit Court for a full 
term of seven years, and on the 20th of that month he 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. He was 
renominated and confirmed for another term in 1910. 
In politics the Judge is a Republican. His term will 
expire in January, 1917. His circuit comprises the 
county of Essex. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 381 



BENJAMIN AUGUSTUS VAIL, Elizabeth. 

(His term expired January 8th, 1914. His successor 
was not named when this part of the Manual 
went to press. See Addenda.) 

Judge Vail is descended from Edward Fitz-Randolph, 
who came from England to Massachusetts about the year 
1637. His grandfather, Benjamin Vail, was an early settler 
between Rahway and Plainfleld, N. J., and like his an- 
cestors was a member of the Society of Friends. The 
Judge is a son of Benjamin Franklin and Martha C. (Par- 
ker) Vail, and was born in Woodbrldge township, Middle- 
sex county, N. J., August 15, 1844, He was graduated from 
Haverford College, Pa., in 1865, read law in Newark with 
Parker and Keasbey, was admitted to the bar as an at- 
torney in November, 1868, and as a counselor in November, 
1871. He practiced law in Rahway for a number of years, 
and was appointed Judge of Union county by Grovernor 
Griggs in 1898. He was reappointed In 1903 by Governor 
Murphy. He served as a member of the Rahway Common 
Council, and in 1876 and '77 he was a member oi the House 
of Assembly. The Judge served as a State Senator from 
Union county two terms, from 1879 to 1885, and In 1884 was 
President of that body. He was appointed as a Circuit 
Court Judge by Governor Stokes, May 9, 1906. His circuit 
comprises the counties of Hudson, Union and Somer- 
set. In politics he is a Republican. 

FRANK T. LLOYD. Camden. 

(His term expired January 15th, 1914. His successor 

was not named when this part of the Manual 

went to press. See Addenda.) 

Judge Lloyd was born at Middletown, Delaware, October 
29th, 1859. He was gr.iduated from the Middletown Acad- 
emy, and after removing to Camden, In 1875, learned the 
trade of a compositor. During his apprenticeship he 
studied law with the Hon. James Otterson. of Philadel- 
phia, and was admitted to the bar of Pennsylvania in 1882. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney 
In February, 1897, and as a counselor in February, 1900. 
In 1899, upon the death of the Incumbent, he was desig- 
nated by the Court to prosecute the pleas In Camden 



382 BIOGRAPHIES. 

county, and was thereafter successively appointed to the 
position of Prosecutor by Governor Voorhees in 1900 and 
Governor Stokes in 1905. Tliis position he held at 'the time 
of his appointment in 1906 by Governor Stokes to the bench 
of the Circuit Court. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly In 1896 and 1897, the later year being chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee of that body, and is the author 
of the present marriage law of the State. He was a mem- 
ber of the Franchise Commission whose recommendations 
were in 1906 enacted into law by the Legislature. 
Judge Lloyd'ft circuit comprises the counties of Cam- 
den, Ocean, Mercer, Middlesex and Salem. His term 
will expire in 1914. In politics he is a Republican. 



WILLIAM H. SPEER, Jersey City. 

Judge Speer was born in Jersey City, N. J., October 
21st, 1868. He was educated in Hasbrouck Institute in 
Jersey City and at Columbia University in New York 
city. He studied law at Columbia University Law 
School and in the office of John Linn in Jersey City. 
At the November term, 1891, he was admitted to the 
bar of New Jersey, and was made a counselor-at-law 
in June, 1895. 

After being admitted to the bar. Judge Speer became 
a member of the firm of Linn & Speer, his partner 
being Clarence Linn, a son of John Linn. This partner- 
ship continued for a number of years. Mr. Speer was 
twice vice-president of the Hudson County Bar Asso- 
ciation, and became its president in 1903. On February 
8th, 1903, Mr. Speer, having been appointed by Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy and confirmed by the Senate 
to the office of Prosecutor of the Pleas for Hudson 
county, qualified as such and held the office until De- 
cember 30th. 1907, when he was appointed by Governor 
Edward C. Stokes as a Circuit Court Judge to succeed 
Charles W. Parker. On January 22d, 1908, he was 
appointed for a full term by Governor Fort. 

Judge Speer has been active in politics, and is a mem- 
ber of the Republican party. At the time of his ap- 
pointment as Judge he was a member of the firm of 
Speer & Kellogg, his partner being Frederick S. Kel- 
logg. His circuit comprises the county of Hudson. 
His term will expire In 1915. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 383 

CHARLES C. BLACK, Jersey City. 

Judge Black was born on a farm in Burlington 
county, near Mount Holly, N. J., on July 29th, 1858. He 
was prepared for college at the Mount Holly Acad- 
emy, and entered Princeton College in 1874,' being 
graduated with the class of '78. He studied law at 
Mount Holly, N. J., and at the University of Michigan, 
at Ann Arbor. He was admitted to the bar of New 
Jersey as an attorney in June, 1881, and as a coun- 
selor in June, 1884. After being admitted to the bar 
he located at Jersey Citj', and has practiced law there 
until his appointment to the bench under the firm 
name of Black & Dayton. 

He served for five years as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Registration under the Ballot Reform 
Law. He was appointed as a member of the State Board 
of Taxation on March 21st, 1891, for a term of five years, 
was re-appointed for another term in 1896, and again in 
1901. He was again appointed In 1904 for a term of five 
years. Mr. Black has made valuable additions to the 
literature of the law In his "Proof and Pleadings in Acci- 
dent Cases," "New Jersey Law of Taxation" and "Law 
and Practice in Accident Cases." Mr. Black was the 
Democratic candidate for Governor in 1904. He was ap- 
pointed a member of "The Equal Tax Commission" by 
Governor Murphy. Governor Stokes nominated him on 
March 30, 1905, as a member of the new Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes, and he was at once confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. He served on that board until he was appointed a 
Circuit Judge by Governor Fort, on January 22d. 1908, 
to succeed .Tudge Minturn, who was appointed to the 
bench of the Supreme Court. His term will expire in 
1915. His circuit comprises the counties of Bergen, 
Morris, Passaic, Sussex and Warren. 

NELSON Y. DUNGAN, Somerville. 

Judge Dungan was born May 3, 1867, at Lambert- 
ville, Hunterdon county, N. J. He moved to Somerset 
county with his parents in 1873 and has lived there 
ever since, residing at the present time at Somerville. 
Prom 1883 to 1889 he was a teacher in the public 
schools of the county, teaching the last four years in 
Somerville. 

He was admitted to the bar as an attorney-at-law 



384 BIOGRAPHIES. 

at the November term, 1890, and as a counselor, No- 
vember term, 1893, and as an attorney and counselor 
of the United States Supreme Court, November, 1896. 
He is also an attorney and counselor of the State of 
New York and of the District of Columbia. He is a 
special master in Chancery and a Supreme Court 
Commissioner. From 1895 to 1900 he was Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, and served as a 
member of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey 
State Village for Epileptics from 1903 to 1907. He 
was associated with John F. Reger under the firm 
name of Dungan & Reger, from April 1st, 1898, to 
March 24, 1911. 

As a member of the National Guard of New Jersey 
he gained considerable prominence. He enlisted in 
the Guard as a private in Company H, Third Regiment, 
July 26, 1888, and served through the various grades 
until March 25, 1907, when he was elected Colonel of 
the Second Regiment, Infantry, which office he held 
at the time of his appointment to the Circuit Court, 
and was subsequently, February 21st, 1912, appointed 
Brigadier-General by brevet. He was retired from 
the office of Colonel of the Second Regiment the day 
after he received his commission as Judge, which was 
March 24th, 1911. 

The Judge has been assigned to Essex, Monmouth 
andi Hunterdon counties. His term will expire on 
March 24th, 1918. In politics he is a Democrat. 

HOWARD C ARROW, Camden. 

Judge Carrow was born in Camden, Del., in 1861. 
He went to Bridgeton, N. J., to reside in 1867, where he 
remained until 1873, when he removed to Camden 
county, where he has resided ever since. 

Mr. Carrow was made an attorney in June, 1882, and 
a counsellor in June, 1885. He was made Judge of 
Camden District Court in 1891, and served one term 
of five years. In 1895 he was permanent Chairman of 
the Democratic State Convention that nominated Chan- 
cellor McGill for Governor. In 1894 he served on a 
commission appointed hy Governor Werts to suggest 
constitutional amendments for changes in our judicial 
system, and was temporary Chairman of this dis- 
tinguished body. He was twice a Delegate-at-Large 
to National Democratic conventions, and was a mem- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 385 

l^er of the National Democratic Coinniittee and a Presi- 
rlential elector, also a member of Democratic Commit- 
tee of the Stale. He was appointed .Tudge of Court of 
Common Pleas of Camden County by Governor Wilson. 
April, 1912, and served until March, 1913, when he re- 
signed to go on the Circuit bench. His circuit com- 
prises Burlington, Gloucester. Salem, Cumberland, Cape 
May and Atlantic counties. 



Lay Judges of the Court of Erroro and Appeals. 

(Term of office, six years. Compensation, $20 a day for 
actual service. No mileage.) 

JOHN W. BOGERT. Hohokus. 

Judge Bogert was born in Hohokus, Bergen county, Sep- 
tember 3d, 1839. His ancestors settled In that locality some 
time before the Revolution. He has held several township 
offices, and was Collector of Bergen county for fourteen 
years. He was a member of the House of Assembly from 
the Second District of Bergen county in the sessions of 
1874-75, and he served as State Senator for four years. He 
Is an executor and administrator for several large estates. 
He was appointed by Governor Abbett Judge of the Court 
of Errors and Appeals in 1891, and re-appointed by Gover- 
nor Griggs in 1897, and again In 1903 by Governor 
Murphy, and in 1909 by Governor Fort. His term will 
expire in 1915. In politics he is a Democrat. 



WILLIAM H. VREDENBURGH, Freehold. 

Judge Vredenburgh comes from a very old Ntw Jersey 
family, being the second son of the late Judge Peter Vre- 
denburgh. The first generation of the family on this side 
of the Atlantic, as appears from ancient records, sprang 
from William I. Vredenburg, who came to New Nether- 
lands from The Hague In May, 1658, in the ship Gilded 
Beaver, 

Peter "Vredenburg, father of the present Judge, was a 
prominent jurist In both State and nation. He served two 
terms as an Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme 
Court, being first appointed by Governor Price. In 1855, and 
again by Governor Olden In 1862. Many of his decisions are 
regarded as being among the ablest reported. 
25 



386 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Judge Vredenburgh was born August 19th, 1840; was 
graduated at Rutgers College In 1859; studied law in the 
office of the late Governor Joseph D. Bedle; was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in June, 1862, and as a counselor 
in June, 1865. He is one of three sons, all of whom were 
lawyers. 

After his admission, young Vredenburgh began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Freehold, his native town, and has 
continued to carry on the law business there ever since, 
with the exception of about a year, 1864, when he was 
located at Eatontown, to continue the business of his 
brother, Major Peter Vredenburgh, Jr., who was absent 
in the military service, and who was killed September 19th, 
1864, at the battlo of Winchester, Va., at the head of his 
regiment. 

In 1865 Mr. Vredenburgh formed a law partnership with 
Philip J. Ryall, which continued for about five years, until 
Mr. Ryall's failing health compelled his retirement from 
practice. In the exciting general election of 1884, Mr. Vre- 
denburgh was nominated by the Republicans of Monmouth 
county for State Senator, and was only defeated by the re- 
tirement of the regular Democratic candidate a few days 
before the election and the fusion of the Democrats and 
Prohibitionists, and by a very narrow majority. 

In 1897 he was one of the special Commissioners to con- 
sider the question of railroad taxation, whose report be- 
came enacted into the body of the tax laws. 

In November, 1897, he was appointed a Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs, to 
fill a vacancy caused by the death of Judge Dayton. 
On January 12th, 1898, he was nominated for a full 
term of six years by Governor Griggs, and he was 
confirmed by the Senate on the 18th of the same 
month. On January 18th, 1904, he was appointed by 
Governor Murphy for another term of office, and on 
the 25th was confirmed by the Senate, and in 1910 
he was renominated and confirmed for another term. 
In politics the Judge is a Republican. His term will 
expire in 1916. 

JOSEPH W. CONGDON, Paterson. 

General Congdon was born in New York City No- 
vember 26th, 1844. He was educated in famous Gram- 
mar School No. 35, in Thirteenth street, under Profes- 
sor Thomas Hunter, and has resided In New Jersey 



BIOGRAPHIES. 387 

since 1867. He was In the book and wholesale fur- 
nishing business until 1886, and then became vice- 
president of the Phoenix Silk Manufacturing- Com- 
pany, Paterson, and four years later was made presi- 
dent. From 1903 until 1906 he was president of the 
Silk Association of America, and in 1907 became presi- 
dent of the United States Silk Conditioning Company. 
In 1903 he visited Japan in the interest of the silk in- 
dustry, and in 1907 the Emperor of Japan conferred 
upon him the court honor of the "Most Distinguished 
Order of the Sacred Treasure of Japan," with the rank 
of commander, with the jewel or decoration of the 
order. 

The general served as an Alderman of Paterson 
several years and was president of the board. He 
took an active part in the Hayes and Garfield cam- 
paigns, and in the sound money parades of 1896, 1900 
and 1904 in New York City, when he was marshal 
of the central dry goods division. From 1867 to 1876 
he served as lieutenant and captain in the Twenty- 
second Regiment, New York National Guard, and from 
1876 to 1880 was colonel of the Twenty-second Regi- 
ment Veteran Corps. In 1880 he organized the Paterson 
Light Guard, which afterward became the First Bat- 
talion, N. G. N. J., and served as major and lieutenant- 
colonel. In 1896 he was commissioned by Governor 
Griggs as inspector-general, which oflfice he still holds. 
He has held several high offices in the Masonic order, 
belongs to the Sons of the American Revolution, His- 
torical Society, several Japanese societies and the 
Order of Elks. The general is active in the charitable 
societies of Paterson, and is a member of several clubs, 
including the Union League, Army and Navy and 
Lotus, of New York. 

In 1895 he placed in nomination at the State Repub- 
lican convention John W. Griggs as a candidate for 
Governor, and in 1907 he nominated Vivian M. Lewis 
for the same office. He was grand marshal of the Pat- 
erson Centennial Celebration, in 1892, and declined the 
office of Court House Commissioner anu membership of 
the Board of Finance, in Paterson. The general was 
appointed Railroad Commissioner by Governor Stokes 
in June, 1907, for a term of six years and was made 
president of the board. He served in that capacity 
until March 17, 1909, when he was confirmed as Judge 



388 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of the Court of EJrrors and Appeals for a full term of 
six years to succeed the late Elmer Ewlng Green. His 
term M^ill expire in 1915. 



JOHN JOSIAH WHITE, Atlantic City. 

Judge White was born on his father's farm near 
Mount Holly, Burlington county, N, J., August 16, 
1863. He is the eldest son of Josiah White and Mary 
Kirby (Allen) White, the ancestors of both of whom 
have been earnest members of and often prominent 
ministers in the Society of Friends in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania since the first of them came to America, 
attracted by William Penn's "Invitation to Friends" 
emigrated thither in search of religious liberty dur- 
ing the latter part of the seventeenth century. Among 
these direct ancestors of Judge White who thus emi- 
grated to America were Christopher White, who 
came In 1677 and settled at AUoways creek, Salem 
county, N. J.; William Haines, who settled at Bur' 
lington in 1682; also Samuel Smith, in 1694, who was 
a member of Assembly until his death in 1718; Jo- 
seph Kirkbride, who came to Philadelphia in 1682, 
and Mahlon Stacy, who settled in what is now South 
Trenton, in 1678, all from England, and besides these 
other distinguished ancestors from the same country. 
Another ancestor was Isaac Shoemaker, from Cres- 
heim (now Kriegshein) on the Rhine, who was one 
of a party of eighty German Quakers who founded 
Germantown. 

Judge White attended Swarthmore College two 
years, leaving at the end of his sophomore year to 
enter as a student of law in the office of Nathan H. 
Sharpless, one of the leaders of the Philadelphia bar. 
He also attended the law school of the University of 
Pennsylvania, receiving his B. L. degree in 1884. He 
was admitted the same j-ear to the bars of Philadel- 
phia and Delaware counties, and three years later to 
the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. He 
continued in active practice in Philadelphia until 
1901, when he removed to Atlantic City and with his 
father and two brothers built the Marlborough-Blen- 
heim hotel, of which they have since continued to be 
the sole owners and managers. 

On June 14, 1911, he was appointed by Governor 



BIOGRAPHIES. . 389 

Wilson a lay judge of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Judge 
George R. Gray. In politics the Judge is a Republi- 
can. On January 29th, 1912, the Judge was nominated 
for a full term of ofRce and was duly confirmed by 
the Senate. His term will expire in 1918. 

HENRY S. TERHUNE, Long Branch. 

Judge Terhune was born at Matawan, N. J., June 9tli, 
1860. He is a son of the late William L. Terhune, and 
nephew of the late Henry Stafford Little. He is a 
graduate of Princeton University and Columbia Law 
School. He studied law with Hon. John S. Applegate, 
of Red Bank. Was admitted as an attorney in 1885, 
and as a. counselor in 1890. He has practiced law at 
Long Branch since his admission. For many years Mr. 
Terhune was Chairman of the Democratic Executive 
Committee of his county, and in 1892 was elected to tlie 
State Senate. Mr. Terhune was appointed a Judge of 
the Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Wilson 
on. February 3d, 1913, for a term of six years. His term 
will expire in 1919. 

ERNEST J. HEPPENHEI:MER, Jersey City. 

Judge Heppenlieimer was l)orn in Jersey City, N. J., 
February 24th, 1869, and is in the life insurance busi- 
ness. He attended Public School No. 8 in Jersey City 
until ten years of age, then spent three years at school 
in Germany. Upon returning to America he went to 
Peekskill Military Academy for three years, and fin- 
ished at Phillips Academy, Anover, Mass. He was a 
member of the firm of F. Heppenheimer's Sons, litho- 
graphers, in New York, until its formation into the 
American Lithograpliic Company, when lie retired to 
engage in cattle raising in Texas. He conducted an 
extensive cattle rancli until 1897, when he returned to 
his native city. Together with prominent business men 
of the State he founded the Colonial Life Insurance 
Company of America, with its head office in Jersey 
City; became Secretary in 1897, Second Vice-President 
in 1902, and succeeded the late E. F. C. Young as Presi- 
dent in 1906. He was President of the Board of Alder- 
men, Jersey City, January, 1910, to June, 1913, when 
the commission form of government came into ex- 



390 BIOGRAPHIES. 

istence. He served as Commissioner of Finance, Jer- 
sey City, 1910 to 1913; was a Presidential elector in 
1912; President New Jersey Harbor Commission, 1912 
to 1913, and resigned the latter position in Marcli, 
1913, after appointment by Governor Wilson as Judge 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals. His term will ex- 
pire in 1919, 



U. S. OFFICERS FOR NEW JERSEY. 

District Attorney. 

J. WARREN DAVIS, Salem. 

Mr. Davis was born in Elizabeth City, N. C, March 
4th, 1867, and spent his boyhood days at that place 
and at Norfolk, Va„ where his father, John Smithson 
Davis, moved when the District Attorney was a boy. 
He received his early education at Elizabeth City and 
Norfolk in the public schools. He prepared for college 
at Chester Academy, Chester, Pa., and graduiated 
valedictorian of his class in 1892. He graduated from 
Bucknell University in 1896, from Crozer Theological 
Seminary in 1899, at both of which places he was one 
of the commencement speakers. Upon his graduation 
at Crozer he was elected instructor in Hebrew and 
Greek. He pursued past graduate studies in history 
and philosophy at the University of Chicago in 1901, 
and at the University of Leipsic, Germany, in 1902 and 
1903, during which time he took lectures at the Uni- 
versities of Berlin and Halle. He returned to America 
and entered the Law School of the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1904, and graduated in 1906, since which 
time he has practiced law with his brother, James 
Mercer Davis, of Mount Holly, N. J., under the firm 
name of Davis & Davis, with their principal office in 
the Security Trust Building, Camden, N. J. He is a 
member of the bar of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 
and of the State bar associations of both States. 

He has the degrees of A.B., A.M., B.D. and B.L. 

He was one of the charter members of the Kappa 
Sigina fraternity in college, and was a member of the 
Supreme Executive Committee, the executive of the 
fraternity-at-large for two years, being Worthy Grand 
Master of Ceremonies, having charge of the secret 



BIOGRAPHIES. S91 

work of £he fraternity. He was District Grand Master 
of the Second District, extending from Connecticut to 
Virginia, for two years. He is a member of tlie fol- 
lowing- fraternal organizations: Masons, Odd Fellows, 
Red Men, Mechanics, P. O. S. of A., Grange, Knights of 
Pythias. Loyal Order of Moose, Tall Cedars and Eagles. 
In 1911 he was elected to -the Senate of New Jersey 
from Salem county by a plurality of 732 over William 
Plummer, Jr., his predecessor . in office. Mr. Davis 
served as Senator until June 4th, 1913, when he was 
appointed to his present position. His term is three 
years. 



Clerk U. S. District Court. 

GEORGE T. CRANMER, Trenton. 
Mr. Cranmer was born at Barnegat, N. J., December 6th, 
1848. He was formerly engaged in the banking and broker- 
age, real estate and Insurance business. He has been an 
active member of the State National Guard for a number 
of years, and from 1875 to 1899 was Quartermaster of the 
Seventh Regiment. In 1878 he was the Republican candi- 
date for member of Assembly, but was defeated by Hon. 
Rufus Blodgett, since a United States Senator. In Sep- 
tember, 1879, without his solicitation, he was appointed by 
President Hayes Collector of Customs for the District of 
Little Egg Harbor, N. J., which office he resigned July 1st, 
1880. In 1882 he was again nominated for member of As- 
sembly and elected over William J. Harrison by a majority 
of 477. In 1883 he was- unanimously nominated for Senator, 
and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a plur- 
ality of 36. In 1886 he was renominated for Senator, and 
elected over Judge Richard H. Conover by a plurality of 
743. In 1889 he was again unanimously renominated for Sen- 
ator, and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a 
plurality of 272. He always took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings of the Senate, and for many years was Chairman 
of the Senate Republican caucus, and also of the joint 
Republican caucus. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated 
by the Republican caucus for President of the Senate. He 
was an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Repub- 
lican Convention at Chicago in 1888, and also to the Minne- 
apolis Convention in 1892. In October, 1891, at a convention 
of the State League of Republican Clubs, he was elected 
an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Convention 
of Republican Clubs. He was appointed to his present 



392 BIOGRAPHIES. 

office by the late Judge Green, in January, 1893, to succeed 
Linsly Rowe. who had resigned. No fixed salary, but in- 
stead, fees. 



1 nitecl Stnte.s Marshal. 

ALBERT BOLLSCHWEILER, Perth Amboy. 
r\Ir. Bollschweiler was born in Schopfheim, Baden, 
Germany, April 26th, 1860. He was educated in ward 
schools, and after graduation he entered upon his life's 
work in plaj- products as an apprentice in Wiesbaden, 
Germany. I^ater he went to Switzerland and spent two 
years, returned to Germany, and from there came to 
the United States in 1882. He began operating in the 
terra cotta business in Boston, and came from that city 
to Perth Amboy, went to Chicago, and on February 23d, 
1888, he settled permanently in Perth Amboy. He en- 
gaged in the terra cotta business for himself in 1890, 
and became one of the founders of the Standard Terra 
Cotta Works, now a branch of the Atlantic Terra Cotta 
Company. He served as its president and general man- 
ager. He specialized in the manufacture of ceramic 
products, and became president of the Perth Amboy 
Ceramic Compan3\ Mr. Bollschweiler is a member of 
Raritan Lodge, No. 661, F. and A. M.; Perth Amboy 
Lodge, No. 784, B. P. O, E.; Middlesex Council, Royal 
Arcanum; Perth Amboy Camp, W. O. "W"., and of Local 
No. 273, American Federation of Musicians. He was 
elected for three consecutive terms to serve as Mayor 
of Perth Amboy, beginning in 1907, serving about five 
years, vmtil he became Sheriff of Middlesex countj^ in 
1911, which position he resigned to accept the appoint- 
ment of United States Marshal in DeceniTaer, 1913. His 
turn is four years, and salary $3,000 per annum. 



STATE OFFICERS. 

Secretary of State. 

■ DAVID S. CRATER, Freehold. 

Mr. Crater was born on a farm near Port Mercer, 
in the township of West Windsor, Mercer county, 
N. J., July 19th, 1846, and' is. the son of John A. Crater 
and Catherine Jerolemon Crater. Both parents were 



BIOGRAPHIES. 393 

of German ancestry and settled in New Jersey early 
in its history. His family removed to Long Branch, 
Monmouth county, N. J., in 1856. Mr. Crater has 
resided in that county ever since, with the exception 
of four years, which he spent in Belvidere, Warren 
county. He received his early education in the public 
schools, supplemented by private tutoring. At the 
age of sixteen he entered tlie printing office of the 
Monmouth Democrat, in Freehold, then owned and 
edited by that noted and sterling journalist. Colonel 
James S. Yard, where he received valuable training in 
a business that exacts care and industry. He later 
became a student at law in the office of Aaron Ray 
Throckmorton, who at that time was Surrogate of 
Monmouth county. Mr. Crater was admitted to the 
bar of New Jersey in 1879, but remained with Mr. 
Throckmorton in the Surrogate's office until that gen- 
tleman resigned in February, 1882. Mr. Crater was 
tlien appointed Surrogate for the unexpired term by 
the Hon. George C. Ludlow, Governor of New Jersey. 
At the following election in 1882 he was nominated 
by the EHemocratic party and was elected for a full 
term without opposition. He was re-elected in 1887, 
1892, 1897, 1902 and 1907, and resigned the office April 
1st, 1912, to assume the duties of the office of Secre- 
tary of State, to which position he was appointed by 
Governor Woodrow Wilson. 

Mr. Crater has served as a member of the New Jer- 
sey State Democratic Committee for several years, 
thus retaining close relationship with the affairs of 
his party. He was a delegate to the National Demo- 
cratic Convention in Kansas City in 1900 and again at 
St. Louis in 1904. 

He lias always been deeply interested in county 
and State affairs, particularly in the government of 
the town of Freehold, having been its treasurer, at 
a nominal salary, for the past thirty-seven years, of 
wliich fact he takes commendable pride. He is a 
charter member of the Freehold Fire department and 
is still active. He is also one of the trustees of the 
Freehold Public Library. 

Mr. Crater was married on January 19th, 1876, to 
Miss Annie W. Combs, daughter of Gilbert Combs, 
Esq., of Freehold. They have two daughters, Mrs. 
Thomas G. Haight, of Jersey City, and Miss Gilberta 
Crater. 



394 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Assistant Secretary of State. 

JOB H. LIPPINCOTT, Jersey City. 

Mr. Liippincott was born in Jersey City, Hudson 
county, in 1880, and is a son of the late Justice of 
the Supreme Court Job H. Lippincott. He was edu- 
cated at Hasbrouck's Institute, Jersey City, and later 
spent two years at Rutgers College. Very soon after 
leaving college he began to take a prominent part 
in the political affairs of Hudson county and of the 
State. During the campaign of 1907 he organized 
the Democratic State Auxiliary Committee and later 
became its chairman. In 1908 he was appointed Pres- 
ident of the Jersey City Excise Board by Mayor Witt- 
penn, and in 1910 was appointed President of the 
Jersey City Police Board. In the Bryan campaign of 
1908 and in the Governorship campaign of 1910 he 
acted as chairman of the Speakers' Bureau under the 
Democratic State Committee. In 1908 he was one of 
the organizers of the Federation of Democratic Clubs 
for New Jersey. In 1912 he was appointed by Mayor 
Wittpenn to membership in the Jersey City Board of 
•Tax Commissioners, an office which he held for only 
a few months. He resigned from the Tax Board to 
accept the appointment of Assistant Secretary of 
State. 

Mr. Lippincott has always been identified with the 
progressive element in the Democratic party and is 
yet a strong organization man. 

As Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, he has reor- 
ganized the department, introducing strict business 
methods in handling the increasing revenues of this 
department. He is a strong advocate of an inter- 
state license system. 



State Treasurer. 

EDWARD E. GROSSCUP, Wenonah. 
Mr. Grosscup was born in Bridgeton, Cumberland 
county, August 2, 1860, and is a son of the late Charles 
C. and Anna D. Grosscup. The father, Charles C. 
Grosscup, was a member of the Legislature in 1870 
and 1871. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 395 

Mr. Grosscup, the subject of this sketch, has been 
prominent in Democratic politics in New Jersey for 
/ears. In 1896 he was the candidate of his party in 
Cumberland county for sheriff and in 1898 was the 
Democratic nominee in the same county for State Sen- 
ator against Governor Edward C. Stokes. 

In 1899 Mr. Grosscup changed his residence from 
Cumberland to Gloucester county and in the latter 
county in 1906 was the opponent of ex-Senator J. 
Boyd Avis for the Assembly. In 1908 Mr. Grosscup 
was the Democratic candidate for Congress In the 
first district against Congressman Henry C. Louden- 
slager. For years Mr. Grosscup served as a member 
of the State Board of Education. He is at present a 
member of the Democratic State Committee, represent- 
ing Gloucester county, and while a resident of Cum- 
berland county served in a similar capacity as rep- 
resentative of that county. 

Mr. Grosscup is extensively engaged in real estate 
operations. Governor Wilson nominated him as a 
member of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes 
on April 20, 1911, for a term of five years and he was 
immediately confirmed by the Senate. 

He resigned that office to assume the duties of State 
Treasurer, for which he was chosen by a joint meet- 
ing of the Legislature held on January 28th, 1913. 
On August 24th, 1911, he was elected Chairman of the 
Democratic State Committee, and he was re-elected in 
September, 1913. He rendered very effective service to 
his party during the Presidential campaign of 1912, 
and in the Gubernatorial campaign of 1913. His term 
as State Treasurer is three years, and began on March 
1st, 1913. His salary is $6,000 per annum. 



State Comptroller. 

EDWARD I. EDWARDS, Jersey City. 

Mr. Edwards was born In that part of Jersey City 
then known as the Town of Bergen, on December 1, 
1863. His father and brothers have been prominent 
in the business and political life of Hudson county 
for the past fifty years. He was educated at Public 
School No. 13 and the High school of Jersey City. He 
entered the class of 1884 at the University of the City 



396 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of New York, but left college at the end of his Junior 
year. After spending some time In the law office of 
his brother, he accepted a position in the First National 
Bank of Jersey City, where he remained for seven 
years. Finding that his health was impaired by the 
confining nature of liis work at the bank, he left and 
was, for some years, engaged in the general contract- 
ing business of Edwards Brothers. 

In 1898, he entered the service of Jersey City in its 
tax department and was clerk to the Martin Act Com- 
mission, during the busy years of tliat Board. In 1903, 
at the suggestion of Edward F. C. Young, the presi- 
dent, he again entered the bank as an assistant to the 
president; sliortly afterwards lie became cashier and 
a director of this important financial institution, po- 
sitions which he still holds. Mr. Edwards has always 
been a close student of financial and tax questions and 
for years his advice has been in constant demand on 
such matters. He is also connected with a number of 
other banking and business houses. He is a tireless 
worker in his chosen line of work and, while a man of 
determination and conviction, is blessed with the fac- 
ulty of making and keeping friends. 

In politics, a Democrat of the regular stripe, he has 
been, for many years, a member of the Hudson County 
Democratic Committee and active in organization 
work. On February 7, 1911, he was elected by tlie 
Legislature in joint session as State Comptroller, for 
the term of three years, over Henry J. West, Repub- 
lican. He brings to that office a fine reputation as 
financier and statistician. His salary is $6,000 per 
year. 



Attorney-General. 

EDMUND WILSON, Red Bank. 

(His term expired January 25th. 1914. His successor 

was not named before this part of the Manual 

went to press. See Addenda.) 

Mr. Wilson was born at STirewsbury, Monmouth 
county, N. J., on the 15th day of December, 1863. He 
is the son of Rev. Thaddeus Wilson, D. D., and Char- 
lotte Ann Wilson. His father was the active pastor of 
the Presbyterian Church at Shrewsbury for forty-five 



BIOGRAPHIES. 397 

years, and was pastor emeritus up to the time of his 
death. His son, having prepared for college at Phillips 
Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H., entered Princeton Uni- 
versity in the Fall of 1881, and was graduated In 1885. 
He studied law at Columbia University, New York, and 
was registered as a student in the office of Hon. Henry 
M. Nevius, at Red Bank. He was admitted to the bar 
as an attorney In June, 1888, and as counselor In No- 
vember, 1891. Immediately upon being licensed as an 
attorney he formed a copartnership with Mr. Nevius, 
which continued until the latter was appointed a Cir- 
cuit Judge, March 2d, 1896. The partnership was then 
dissolved and Mr. Wilson continued the practice of 
law alone. His practice has been general in Its char- 
acter, involving much activity as a trial lawyer in 
both civil and criminal courts. In September, 1903, 
he was appointed by the then Attorney-General of the 
United States, William H. Moody, a special assistant 
to the United States Attorney for the District^of New 
Jersey for the purpose of assisting in the preparation 
and trial of cases which the Department of Justice 
was pressing against certain bank officers in the State 
of New Jersey for violating the National Banking Act. 
For a number of years he served as a member of the 
State Board of Education. In June, 1907, he became a 
member of the Board of Railroad Commissioners of 
New Jersey, and resigned his position upon this board 
when appointed Attorney-General by Governor J. 
Franklin Fort, on the 17th of November, 1908. He 
was appointed for a full term in 1909. He succeeded 
Hon. Robert H. McCarter, who had resigned that of- 
fice. His salary is $7,000 a year. 



Assistant Attorney-General. 

NELSON B. GASKILL. Mount Holly. 

Mr. Gaskill was born at Mount Holly, N. J., September 
12th, 1875. He prepared for college at the Peddie Institute, 
HIghtstown, N. J., and entered Princeton with the class 
of 1896. Upon graduation he spent two years at the Har- 
vard Law School and studied one year in the office of his 
father. Judge Joseph H. Gaskill. He was admitted to the 
bar as attorney in 1899 and passed the counselors' examin- 
ation three years later. Since admission he has practiced 



398 BIOGRAPHIES. 

law in Camden, N. J., with his father as a member of 
the firm of Gaskill & Gaskill. He enlisted in the National 
Guard in 1896, and was made Captain of his company two 
years later; he was later appointed Battalion Adjutant 
with the Third Regiment, which commission he now holds 
He was appointed Assistant Attorney General in Novem- 
ber, 1906, to succeed Edward D. Duffleld, who had resigned 
that office. He was reappointed in 1908. 



Major-General. 

DENNIS F. COLLINS, Elizabeth. 

General Collins was born in Cloyne, Ireland, May 3d, 
1868. Upon the death of his father, young Collins 
came to America with his mother in the year 1876, 
located at Elizabeth, and was educated in St. Pat- 
rick's School in that city. 

Residing in Jersey City temporarily, he enlisted as 
a private in Company D, Fourth Infantry, May 2d, 
1888, and was promoted Corporal, February 12th, 1889. 
Returning to Elizabeth he was transferred as a pri- 
vate to Company C, Third Infantry, on February 20th, 
1890; promoted to Corporal October 12, 1891; trans- 
ferred as a private to Company E, July 8th, 1894; pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant, August 23d, 1894; and cap- 
tain, October 11th, 1894. 

At the outbreak of the war with Spain he was com- 
missioned Captain of Company E, Third New Jersey 
Volunteer Infantry, on April 27th, 1898; and served 
with his command until the protocal of peace was 
signed, resigning October 15th, 1898. 

In the reorganization of the guard he was commis- 
sioned Captain Company I, Second Infantry, May 2d, 
1899; promoted Major Second Infantry, May 23d, 1899; 
Lieutenant-Colonel, April 9th, 1900; Colonel, July 8th, 
1902; Brigadier-General, March 12th, 1907; and on 
February 17th, 1913, Governor Wilson nominated him 
Major-General of the National Guard of the State, and 
the Senate immediately confirmed the appointment by 
a unanimous vote, under a suspension of the rules 
the same day. 

General Collins is the youngest man to hold this 
high position in the State. He is a Democrat in poli- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 399 

tics, and represents Union county on the State Com- 
mittee. He maintains a live interest in public affairs 
and is President of the Common Council of the city of 
Elizabeth, having served in tliat body for a period of 
twelve years. He is President of the Peter Breidt City 
Brewery Company, a. large and successful business 
concern at Elizabeth; is married and has an interest- 
ing family of five children. 



Adjutant-General. 

WILBUR FISK SADLER, JR., Trenton. 

General Sadler was born in Carlisle, Pa., on No- 
vember 4, 1871. He was educated in the private and 
public schools of Carlisle and at Dickinson College. 
He is president of the Broad Street National Bank, 
Trenton, N. J. He was commissioned Major and Pay- 
master and assigned to the Second Brigade, National 
Guard of New Jersey, July 9, 1908, and was appointed 
Adjutant-General of New Jersey April 15, 1909. 



Q,uarteriuaster-Gencral. 

C. EDWARD MURRAY, Trenton. 

General Murray was bom in Lambertville, N. J., Jxily 
17th. 1863. He is the only son of J. Howard Murray and 
Wilhelmina Solliday Murray, and came to Trenton with 
his parents in 18t>5. He received his education at the State 
Model School and the Stewart Business College. In 1883 
he became associated with his father in the mechanical 
rubber manufacturing business. In 1892 he became sole 
proprietor of the business, and to-day has other large 
manufacturing interests. From boyhood he has taken a 
great deal of interest in affairs of the city of Trenton, as 
well as the Republican party, and in 1894 he was elected 
City Clerk, which office he kept until he declined re-elec 
tion in 1904. In 1900 he represented the Second Congres- 
sional District as alternate to the National Republican 
Convention and in 1904 was elected a delegate to represent 
the Fourth Congressional District at the National Repub- 
lican Convention. 

His military career began with his enlistment In Com- 



4 00 BIOGRAPHIES. 

pany A, Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., December 12, 1885. 
On June 30, 1890, the late Brigadier-General William H. 
Skirm, then Colonel of the Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., 
appointed him Paymaster of the Regiment with the rank 
of first lieutenant. On June 30, 1895, he was commissioned 
Captain and Paymaster. On May 2, 1899, he was retired 
under the act reorganizing the National Guard. March 8, 
1905, Governor Edward C. Stokes appointed him Quarter- 
master-General, to succeed the late Brevet Major-General 
Richard A. Donnelly, and was commissioned Brigadier- 
General April 5. 1905. 

General Murray Is one of the best known and most pop- 
ular among the public men of Trenton. He has distin- 
guished himself as a leader of his party and many of Its 
victories m Trenton and Mercer county are mostly to his 
credit. He has a host of friends among people of all 
shades of political opinion, and as an employer of labor he 
stands high in the estimation of wage workers. 



Clerk of the Supreine Cotii't. 

WILI.IAM C. GEBHARDT. Clinton. 

^Ir. Gebhardt was born at Croton, Hunterdon county. 
X. J., March 2S, 1S59. and is a lawyer. He was gradu- 
ated at the Clinton Institute, and was admitted to the 
bar at the June term, 1884, as an attorney, and at the 
June term, 1887, as a counselor. He began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Clinton, N. J., and still retains 
an office there, having one also at 259 Washington 
street, Jersey City. He served as Corporation Coun- 
sel of the town of Clinton for ten years, and as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Education three years. He has 
also filled the position of School Principal. In 1900 he 
was elected to the State Senate by a plurality of 
1,281, in 1906 was again elected by a plurality of 961, 
and in 1909 was re-elected for a third term by a ma- 
jority of 2,23-7. This was the largest majority ever 
given a Senator in Hunterdon county, and Mr. Geb- 
hardt was the only Senator who was ever elected for 
more than one term in Hunterdon since the adoption 
of the new State Constitution. During his legislative 
career he served on important committees, took an ac- 
tive part in the business of the Senate, and made a 
most creditable record. Governor Wilson appointed 



BIOGRAPHIES. 401 

him to the ofRce of Clerk of the Supreme Court, Febru- 
ary 19th, 1913, to succeed Joseph P. Tumulty, who had 
resigned to become Secretary to the President of the 
United States, and Mr. Gebhardt was at once confirmed 
by tlie Senate. His term is five years, and salary 
$0,000 per annum. 



Clerk in Chancery. 

SAMUEL. K. ROBBINS, Moorestown. 

Senator Robbins was born at Mount Holly, N. J., May 
9th, lSf)3, and Is an attorney and counselor-at-law. He was 
graduated at Princeton College (now Princeton University) 
in the class of 1874. He studied law with Charles E. Hen- 
drickson, aferwards a Justice of the Supreme Court, 
at Mount Holly, was admitted to the bar as an at- 
torney at the June term, 1880, and as a counselor at 
the February term, 1884. He opened law offices at 
Moorestown and also at Camden, September 1, 1880, 
and has been actively eng-aged in the practice of his 
profession since that time. He has always been identi- 
fied with the Republican party and taken an active 
interest in the politics of his county and State. He 
was a member of the Board of Education of Chester 
township from March, 1897, to March, 1903, and was 
president of the board from March, 1899, to the end 
of his term. He was appointed to succeed Senator Haines 
as a member of the County Board of Elections of Burling- 
ton, October. 1900; was reappointed in 1902, and resigned in 
October, 1903. The Senator served as a member of the 
House of Assembly during the years 1904-05-06. In the lat- 
ter year he filled the office of Speaker with much credit 
and marked impartiality. He was elected to the 
Senate in 1906 by a plurality of 2,227 over Collins, 
Democrat. In the session of 1908 he was the ma- 
jority leader on the floor of the Senate, and in 1909 
he served as president of that body. He resigned as 
president and also as Senator on the last day of the 
session of 1909 to accept the office of Clerk in Chan- 
cery, to which he was on that day appointed by Gover- 
nor Fort and unanimously confirmed by the Senate 
without reference to a committee. 

Senator Robbins was selected by Governor Fort im- 
mediately after his nomination for Governor, in 1907, 

26 



402 BIOGRAPHIES. 

as one of the members-at-large of the Republican 
State Committee. He was a delegate from the Second 
Congressional District to the National Republican 
Convention, field at Chicago, June 16, 1908. 

His term of office as Clerk in Chancery is Ave years 
and will expire April 15th, 1914. The salary is $6,000 
per annum. 



Coinmissioner of Kducation. 

CALVIN N. KENDALL, Trenton. 

Mr. Kendall was born in Augusta, N. Y., February 8, 
1858. He was graduated from Hamilton College with 
the degree of A. B., in 1882. He received the honorary 
degree of A. M. from Yale in 1900 and from the Uni- 
versity of Michigan in 1909. 

As an educator, Mr. Kendall has had a long and suc- 
cessful career. He was a teacher in private schools 
in the west for three years, principal of the Jackson 
High School, Jackson, Miss., 1885 to 1886; superin- 
tendent of schools in Jackson, 1886 to 1890'; superin- 
tendent of schools, Saginaw, Mich., 1890 to 1892; su- 
perintendent of schools, New Haven, Conn., 1895 to 
1900; superintendent of schools, Indianapolis, and a 
member of the State Board of Education, Indiana, 
1900 to July, 1911. 

In addition to the positions already mentioned, Mr. 
Kendall was a lecturer at the Summer School, Uni- 
versity of Chicago, 1909; president of the Connecticut 
Council of Education, 1897 and 1898; president Con- 
necticut State Teachers' Association, 1899 and 1900; 
president Southern Indiana Teachers* Association, 
1904 and 1905. He was also a member of the commis- 
sion of three appointed by the United States Commis- 
sioner of Education to investigate and report upon the 
Baltimore Schools during the spring of 1911. 

Mr. Kendall was offered the superintendency of 
schools at Washington, Louisville and Rochester, but 
declined in eacli instance. 

He was appointed to his present office by Governor 
Wilson on July 14', 1911. The term of office is five 
years and the salary $10,000 a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 403 

Keeper of the State Prison. 

THOMAS B. MADDEN, Trenton. 

Mr. Madden was born at Tuckahoe, Atlantic county 
N. J., April 18th, 1849, and is a son of Hosea F. and 
Catherine (Burch) Madden. The Madden ancestry 
originally came from Ireland, and through ancestral 
marriages the present subject is of Irish, German, 
Holland and Swedish extraction. 

Mr. Madden is the father of Dr. Walter Madden, 
Sheriff of Mercer county. His father, Hosea F. Mad- 
den, was elected Sheriff of Atlantic county three suc- 
cessive terms and was State Senator from that county 
in 1875-'76-'77. 

Mr. Madden attended the village school at Tucka- 
hoe until he was old enough to assist his father in a 
general merchandise store, where he continued for 
several years and finally became associated in the 
business. At the age of twenty-seven he retired from 
his mercantile pursuits to accept a position as deputy 
keeper in the New Jersey State Prison, Mr. Madden 
has since been a resident of the city of Trenton, 
where he is a member of the Second Presbyterian 
Church, in which he has served as elder and trustee 
for many years. He is also an active member of the 
Masonic fraternity, 

Mr. Madden has been associated continuously with 
the New Jersey State Prison for the past thirty-six 
years, and d-uring that long term of service has occu- 
pied therein every position of importance. Upon the 
death of Parole Agent Henry K. Straley, in February, 
1910, Mr, Madden was appointed to succeed him, and 
was officially commissioned in May, 1910. During his 
occupancy of that ofllce, and on March 15th, 1912, 
Governor Wilson appointed him Principal Keeper of 
the Prison. His appointment was at once confirmed 
by the Senate and he took possession of the office 
three days later. The term of office is five years and 
salary $3,500. 



404 BIOGRAPHIES. 

S<:j(c Priw«rii Supervisor. 

JOSEPH P. McCORMACK, Bayonne. 

Mr. McCormack was born December 20th, 1871, in 
Dobbs Ferry, N. Y. At the age of four years he moved 
with liis parents to Bayonne, wliere he has resided ever 
since. He is an electrical engineer and was employed 
by the Central Railroad of New Jersey in their electri- 
cal department .for twenty years. In 1906 Mr. McCor- 
mack was elected Councilman to represent the First 
ward in Bayonne, and was re-elected in 1908. Mayor 
Cronin appointed him a member of the Board of Edu- 
cation, and that body elected him President, which of- 
fice he still holds. He is also a member of the Execu- 
tive and Legislative Committees of the State Federa- 
tion of District Boards of Education of New Jersey, 
representing Hudson county. 

Mr. ]\IcCormack was nominated by Governor Wilson 
to the office of "Supervisor of the State Prison, and was 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate on March 29th, 
1912, to take effect April 15th. He has always been a 
staunch Democrat. 

His term of office is three years, and salary $3,000. 



State Librarian. 

HENRY C. BUCHANAN, Trenton. 

Mr. Buchanan was born in Falls township, Pa., within a 
few miles of Trenton, March 7th, 1851. His father was 
William Buchanan, who came to this country from Scot- 
land in 1842, when a young man. The State Librarian 
attended the public schools in his native place until he was 
about eleven years of age, when he entered the Trenton 
Academy. When thirteen years old he left school and 
learned the printer's trade, at which he was employed 
until January 1, 1882, when he became proofreader and 
news editor of the Trenton State Gazette, where he re- 
mained until his appointment as State Librarian. 

Besides being city and news editor on the Gazette, Mr. 
Buchanan, for sixteen years, was the Trenton corre- 
spondent of the Paterson Press, and for five years he acted 
In a like capacity for the New York Sun. He was for 
several years also the Trenton correspondent of the Phlla- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 405 

delphia Inquirer. On February 1st, 1899, he received his 
commission as State Librarian as successor to Morris R. 
Hamilton, for a term of five years. In 1904 he was ap- 
pointed for another term of five years and again In 
1909. His salary is $3,000 a year. 



Coinnilssioner of Banking and Insurance. 

GEORGE M. LAMONTE, Bound Brook. 

Mr. LaMonte was born at Danville, Va., in 1863, and 
is a paper manufacturer and farmer. He is a graduate 
of Wesleyan University. He has lived in Bound Brook 
over forty years, owns farms in Bridgewater and 
Warren townships, is president of the corporation of 
George LaMonte & Son, safety paper manufacturers, 
with mills at Nutley, Essex county, N. J., and was 
formerly a director in the First National Bank of 
Bound Brook. He is President of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Bound Brook and a Trustee of the State Home 
for Boys, at Jamesburg, and was also appointed by 
the Legislature in 1912 as a member of the Prison 
Labor Commission. He served as a member of the 
House of Assembly from Somerset county in 1911. Mr. 
LaMonte was a delegate to the Democratic National 
Convention held at Baltimore in 1912, and was a 
strong advocate of the nomination of Governor Wilson 
for the Presidency of the United States. He was 
chosen a Democratic Elector on November 5, 1912. He 
was appointed to his present office by Governor Wil- 
son and assumed its duties on November 1, 1912. 

Mr. La Monte was nominated for a full term of office 
February 17th, 1913, by Governor Wilson, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. His term is three years, and 
salary $6,000 per annum. 



Chief of the Bureau of Statistics. 

GEORGE CLARK LOW, Toms River. 

Mr. Low was born in Cedar Creek, Ocean county, N. 
J., January 14th, 1858, and is a lawyer. He is a son of 
William A. Low, who was cashier of the First National 
Bank of Toms River for more than thirty years, and 



406 BIOGRAPHIES. 

at one time one of the lay judges of Ocean county. 
He removed from Cedar Creek to Toms River in 1863; 
was educated at the Freehold Institute, and entered 
Princeton College in the fall of 1874, class of 1878. 
After one year in college he studied law with Albert 
C. Martin, a former law judge of Ocean county, and 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney at the Febru- 
ary term, 1880, but did not take up the practice of law 
until 1892. Mr. Low is one of the directors of the 
First National Bank of Toms River, and a member of 
Harmony Lodge, No, 18, F. and A. M. He served as 
State Senator from Ocean county in 1911, '12 and until 
April 3, 1913, when his nomination to his present of- 
fice was confirmed by the Senate. His term is five 
years, and salary $2,500 per annum. 



State Board of Assessors. 

CHARLES E. HENDRICKSON, JR., President, 
Jersey City. 

Mr. Hendrickson was born in Mount Holly, Burling- 
ton county, N. J., December 21st, 1872. He is the oldest 
son of Charles E. Hendrickson, a former Justice of the 
Supreme Court, and Sarah Wood Noxon, of Monmouth 
county. On November 7th, 1900, he married Janet D. 
Estes, of Memphis, Tenn. Ho has one son, Charles E. 
Hendrickson III., and one daughter, Janet Douglass 
Hendrickson. He was graduated from Princeton Uni- 
versity with the degree of A. B., in 1895, and from the 
University of Pennsylvania with the degree of LL. B. 
in 1898. At Princeton he was a Clio man. 

Mr. Hendrickson is a lawyer. He was admitted to 
the bar of New Jersey as an attorney In 1898, and as 
a counselor in 1901. He is a Supreme Court Commis- 
sioner and a Special Master in Chancery. He has 
resided in Jersey City for the past eleven years. He 
served two terms — 1907 and 1908 — as a member of 
Assembly from Hudson county, and was appointed 
a member of the State Board of Assessors by Gov- 
ernor Fort on January 22d, 1908, for a term of four 
years. He was reappointed in 1912 by Governor Wilson 
and became President of the Board. His term will 
expire in 1916. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 407 

GEORGE L. RECORD, Jersey City. 

Mr. Record was born in Auburn, Maine, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools of that city, and graduated 
from Bates College, in Maine, in 1881. He taught 
school for one year in Maine, and came to Jersey City 
in 1882. In 1884 he was appointed by Mayor Collins 
a member of the Board of Education of Jersey City, 
and served one term of two years. He was admitted 
to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney in 1887 and as 
a counselor in 1890. In 1893 he was made coun- 
sel to the Riparian Commission and served until 
1901. He was appointed by Governor Murphy a mem- 
ber of a special commission, with Edward C. Stokes 
and Joseph Munn, to draft a primary law. The pri- 
mary law passed by the Legislature in 1903 was the 
result of the report of this commission. In 1902 he 
was made corporation counsel of Jersey City, and 
served until 1908. He ran for State Senator on the 
Republican ticket in 1901 and was defeated. He ran 
for Assembly in 1908, and for Congress in 1910 and 
1912, being defeated each time. He was a prominent 
leader of the new Progressive party in the Presiden- 
tial campaign ©f 1912. 

Mr. Record was appointed by Governor Wilson as 
a member of the State Board of Assessors on April 21, 
1911, and was at once confirmed by the Senate. His 
term will expire in 1915. 

ISAAC BARBER, Phillipsburg. 

Dr. Barber was born at Forty Fort, Luzerne county, 
Pa., September 4, 1854, and is a physician by profes- 
sion. His father, a native of Warren county, removed 
to his native state in 1858. The doctor received his 
early education in the public schools, entered Blair 
Presbyterian Academy to prepare for college in 1869, 
Lafayette in 1872, and graduated in 1876. He studied 
medicine under the preceptorship of Professor Traill 
Green, of Easton, Pa., and graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in 1879. He served as Medical 
Referee of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company 
in New York city for one year, located in Phillipsburg 
in July, 1880, and has since continued in the active 
practice of his profession. He has served as City 



408 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Physician and was a member of the Board of Health 
for two years. He was appointed Pension Examining 
Surgeon under the Cleveland administration July 1, 
1S93. He was elected to the State Senate in 1896 by a 
plurality of 1,130 over Cramer, Republican, and served 
a full term of three years, and in 1902 he was elected 
for another term by a plurality of 749 over William 
R. Laire, the Republican candidate. In 1912 he was 
nominated by Governor Wilson as a member of the 
State Board of Assessors for a term of four years, and 
was promptly confirmed by the Senate. His term will 
expire in 1916. 



FREDERIC A. GENTIEU, Pennsgrove. 

Frederic A. Gentieu was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
February 10th. 1872. At the age of six he moved with 
his father to Wilmington, Del. He was educated in the 
public schools of said citj', after which he took up the 
studj- of 'carpentry and architecture, finishing his 
course with Joseph Seeds & Son, of Wilmington, Del. 

In 1891 he accepted the position of Supervising Fore- 
man of the erection of the first smokeless powder plant 
built in the United States by the E. \. du Pont de 
Nemours Powder Company, at Carney's Point, N. J. 
He continvied in this position until 1899, when lie ac- 
cepted a position in the chemical laboratory at this 
plant, to study chemistry and the manufacture of gun- 
cotton and smokeless powder under the personal in- 
struction of the Messrs. du Pont. He continued in 
this department until 1905, when he accepted a posi- 
tion as Assistant Superintendent of the above works, 
wliich position- he still continues to hold. 

In politics he lias always been a Republican, and 
cast his first vote in Penns Grove for the incorporation 
of the borougli in 1894. He has always taken an ac- 
tive interest in borough affairs, and was largely in- 
strumental for the introduction of the liigh school de- 
partment in the borough. 

He was elected to the Board of Education, and 
served two terms from March 17th, 1903, to INIarch 17th. 
1908, and was President of the board for three years, 
from March 27th, 190i5. 

He ran for Mayor of the borough on the Republican 



BIOGRAPHIES. 409 

ticket in 1907, and was elected. In 1909 he ran to 
succeed himself, and was again elected by an increased 
inajorit>-. 

He is a Past State Commander of the Sons of Vet- 
erans of New Jersey; Past Camp Commander of Camp 
33, Sons of Veterans; Past District President of the 
Patriotic Order Sons of America; Past President of 
Camp No. 47, P. O. S. of A.; Past Master of Penns 
Grove Lodge, No. 162, Free and Accepted INIasons; a 
member of the Kniglits of the Golden Eagle and other 
organizations. He is also President of the Penns 
Grove Progressive Club. 

In 1908 he was an Alternate Delegate representing 
the First Congressional district at the Republican 
Convention at Chicago. He had always been a Re- 
publican until 1912, wlien he .joined the ranks of the 
Progressive (Roosevelt) party. At the primaries of 
1913 he was elected State Committeeman representing 
Salem county in the Progressive (Roosevelt) party. 



IRVINE E. MAGUIRE, Secretary, Mount Holly. 

Mr. Magulre was born in Camden, N. J., on January 22a. 
1853, In which city he lived continuously until 1886, when he 
removed to Palmyra, Burlington county. Early in the 
Spring of 1907 he removed to Mount Holly, where he 
Is now residing. He received his education in the 
public schools of Camden and Philadelphia, and in 
1868, at the age of fifteen years, entered the counting- 
room of Alexander G. Cattell & Co., then the largest 
grain exporting house in the city of Philadelphia, and 
of which firm the late ex-United States Senator Alex- 
ander G. Cattell was the senior member. Mr. Maguire 
remained in the service of the Messrs. Cattell until 
the year 1884, rising from the position of office boy 
to that of cashier and chief bookkeeper. In the lat- 
ter year, shortly after the organization of the State 
Board of Assessors, hfe was appointed Assistant Sec- 
retary of that Boara, and placed in charge particu- 
larly of the figures and accounting of the department. 
He was elected Secretary of the Board June 18, 1895. 



410 BIOGRAPHIES. 



State Board of Equalization of Taxes. 

[This Board takes the place of the old State Board of 
Taxation and was created by an act of the Legislature 
approved March 29, 1905. Term of office, five years; salary 
of President, $5,000; of associate members, $3,500.] 

FRANK B. JESS, President, Haddon Heights. 

Mr. Jess was born in Philadelphia, Pa., November 3d, 
1870, and Is a lawyer by profession. He began news- 
paper work as a reporter In 1887, subsequently went 
to Philadelphia as news editor of "The Call," since 
suspended, then became successively news editor. 
Washington correspondent and financial editor of 
"The Bulletin." He was admitted to the New Jersey 
Bar in 1897, having studied law under the supervision 
of his brother, the late William H. Jess. He was a 
member of Council of the borough of Haddon Heights 
from its incorporation, in 1904, to January 1st, 1906, 
and of the Board of Education of Haddon township 
from 1902 till the organization of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Haddon Heights in 1904, and is still a member 
of the latter board. At present he Is Solicitor of the 
borough of Haddon Heights. Mr. Jess served two 
terms, 1907-1908, as an Assemblyman from Camden 
county, and In the latter year he was speaker, when 
he won high commendation as a presiding officer. He 
was appointed Chief Examiner of the Civil Service 
Board on May 8, 1908, and served in that capacity 
until April 16, 1909, when he was nominated and con- 
firmed as a member of the State Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes. He was appointed president of the 
board In 1910, to succeed Carl Lentz, for a term of five 
years. His salary is $5,000 a year and his term will 
expire April 4, 1915. 

BLOOMFIELD H. MINCH, Bridgeton. 

Senator Minch was born upon-a farm in Hopewell 
township, Cumberland county, October 10, 1864. Re- 
moving to Bridgeton with his father, he was educated 
at the South Jersey Institute, and for a number of 
years was actively engaged in mercantile pursuits 
and carried on large contracting. Since January, 1903. 
he has been vice-president of the Bridgeton National 



BIOGRAPHIES. 411 

Bank, giving practically all of his time to that institu- 
tion as an executive offlcer. 

Mr. Minch entered actively into politics as a young 
man, but has held only legislative office. He served 
as a member of the General Assembly in 1895, '96 and 
'97, and was prominent in the legislation of that body 
while he was a member. 

In 1901 he was elected to the Senate, re-elected in 
1904, and again in 1907. In each instance the nomina- 
tion was tendered him without opposition, and in each 
campaign his total vote and plurality exceeded that 
of any candidate upon the ticket. 

In 1907, Senator Minch was chosen President of the 
Senate, and by his fairness and dignified attention to 
the business of the State while in the chair, he won 
the commendation of the members of the Senate ir- 
respective of party, and the respect of the people of 
the State. In 1910 he was nominated and promptly 
confirmed as a member of the State Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes for a term of five years. His salary is 
$3,500 a year and his term will expire April 6, 1915. 



ALFRED TILGHMAN HOLLEY, Hackensack. 

Colonel Holley is the son of the Rev. Dr. William 
Welles Holley, for forty years rector of Christ (Epis- 
copal) Church in Hackensack, N. J., and of Katherine 
Sumner Wyse, of Middletown, Conn. On his father's 
side he is descended from the Holleys who came to this 
country and landed at Saybrook, Conn., in 1634, and of 
the Welleses, an old Connecticut Revolutionary family, 
and on his mother's side from the Sumners of Massa- 
chusetts and the Morgans of Vermont. 

Colonel Holley was born in Hackensack on the fif- 
teenth day of February, 1872. He received his early 
education in the public schoolsi of Hackensack and the 
Hasbrouck Institute in Jersey City. After leaving 
school, he studied law for two years in the New York 
Law School. At this time a very advantageous propo- 
sition was made to him to go into business, which took 
him into the far east, in China and Japan. In returning 
he extended his travels so as to come home by way of 
Europe, thus circumnavigating the world. He was the 
senior partner of Holley & Smith, coal, hay and grain 
merchants, of Hackensack, for eighteen years, and on 



412 BIOGRAPHIES. 

its incorporation as a stock company two years ago, 
was elected president 

Mr. Holley enlisted as a private in the National 
Guard of New Jersey in 1889, and' after nineteen years' 
service, including the Spanish War, retired with the 
rank of lieutenant-colonel. For eighteen years he was 
active in political life in New Jersey, and for five years 
was president of the Hackensack Democracy. He de- 
clined the nomination to Congress in 1902, which was 
then given to Hon. William W. Hughes, who was 
elected. He was a charter member of the Hackensack 
Lodge, B. P. O. Elks, its exalted ruler for five years, 
and for four years has been a grand trustee of the 
Grand Lodge. He is also a member of the Junior 
Order of U. A. M., of the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution, and through his father he will become an hered- 
itary member of the Society of the Cincinnati. He is 
a director of the People's National Bank, of Hacken- 
sack, and of the First National Bank, of Ridgefield 
Park. He is president of the Board of Health of his 
native town and also president of the United Building 
and Loan Association, of Hackensack. The CoLonel 
was appointed to his present office by Governor Wilson 
in 1912 for a term of five years, which will expire April 
3, 1917. His salary is $3,500. 

LUCIUS T. RUSSELL, Elizabeth. 

Mr. Russell was born in Mississippi, Novem^ber 25th, 
18 70', but migrated to Texas immediately upon leaving 
Oxford University, where he finished with a special 
course preparatory for the law. He continued teach- 
ing in the public schools (a means whereby he had 
been enabled to complete his education) for three years 
more, and by mere accident became interested in news- 
paper work. He at once dropped teaching and gave up 
all thought of further pursuing law. He subsequently 
owned daily papers in four States and Territories. 

Mr. Russell is the owner and editor of the Elizabetli 
Evening Times. While always immensely interested 
in public affairs and politics, having aided in develop- 
ing the public utilities commissions and the commis- 
sion form of government for cities in both Texas and 
Oklahoma, Mr. Russell never held or sought public 
office before, witli the exception of serving as Secre- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 413 

tary to the President of the Oklahoma Constitutional 
Convention. He was a Wilson-Marshall Presidential 
elector in 1912, and was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Equalization of Taxes by Governor 
Wilson, February 19th, 1913. His salary is $3,500 per 
annum. His term expires in 1916. 

GEO. T. BOUTON, Jersey City. 

Mr. Bouton is the surviving son of John J, and Jean 
Eraser Bouton. He was born in the Bergen section of 
Jersey City, November 24th, 1854, and has since resided 
continuously in that city. He received his education at 
home, in the public schools and at Hasbrouck Institute, 
graduating in 1869, in which year we was apprenticed 
to learn the trade of engraving on wood, and served 
the term of his apprenticeship. Mr, Bouton first en- 
tered municipal life in the year 1878, when he was ap- 
pointed to the tax department of his city, and later to 
the then Board of Public Works. In 1885 he resigned 
to accept a position with the State Board of Assessors, 
who were at that time engaged in preparing the first 
plan for railroad assessments. On the completion of 
this work Mr. Bouton entered the office of the Surro- 
gate of Hudson county, remaining until the year 1889, 
when he .became Chief Clerk of the Board of Street and 
Water Commissioners of Jersey City. In this latter 
position Mr. Bouton served uninterruptedly through 
different political administrations until July 1, 1911, 
when he voluntarily retired. Most of the principal im- 
provement laws under which Jersey City is now work- 
ing were framed by him, while his knowledge of mat- 
ters of water supplj- and distribution, of municipal 
laws and customs, and of municipal problems generally 
is such that he is often consulted by those in authority. 

Mr. Bouton was, in April, 1876. and at the age of 
twenty-one years, wedded to Miss Mary P. Van Horn, 
of Jersey City, which union has been blessed by the 
birtlT of two s«'>ns. In politics Mr, Bouton is a Demo- 
crat. He was appo5':ited to his present position by Act- 
ing Governor Fielder in the year 1913, for a term of 
five years, expiring in April, 1918, His salary is $3,500 
per annimi. 



414 BIOGRAPHIES. 



FRANK A. O'CONNOR (Clerk), West Orange. 

^Ir. O'Connor "was born in the city of New York, Au- 
gust 25th, 1867, and is a master plumber. He was 
graduated at St. John's School, Orange, N. J. He was 
Town Assessor, 1894 to 1904; Collector, 1904 to 1912 in- 
clusive, and was again re-elected in 1912. He was the 
first Assessor to tax gas, water, telephone, trolley and 
other public service corporations and advocate right of 
way and franchise taxes, and first Assessor to make 
inspection of New York city tax rolls and discover 
hundreds of thousands of dollars being sworn off in 
that city by men giving New Jersey as their legal resi- 
dence, where they had only summer homes, and paid, 
in many cases, not even a poll tax, with the result of 
adding such sums to New Jersey ratables. 

Mr. O'Connor has been a life long Democrat, and for 
many years served on the State Committee list of 
speakers. He was an Alternate Delegate to the Na- 
tional Democratic Convention at Denver in 1908, from 
the- Ninth Congressional district. He was appointed to 
his present position in April, 1913, for a term of five 
years. 



Board of Public Utility Commissioners. 

(This Board succeeds the Board of Railroad Com- 
missioners according to an act of the Legislature ap- 
proved March 24, 1910.) 

THOMAS J. HILL.ERY, Boonton. 

Senator Hillery was born at Hibernia, N. J., November 
18, 1871, and is a lawyer by profession. He attended the 
public school at Hibernia, and subsequently at Rocka- 
way, where he was graduated and received a teachers' 
certificate for Morris county. 

After leaving school, he entered the employ of B. K. & 
G. W. Stickle, general merchants, where he remained 
fpr four years. He then became associated with a 
civil engineer at Boonton, N. J., and practiced civil 
engineering and land surveying for a number of 
years. During this time he took up the study of law, 
which he supplemented with a two years' course in the 
New York Law School. He was admitted to the New 



BIOGRAPHIES. 415 

Jersey Bar at the February term, 1901, and as coun- 
selor February term, 1904. 

He was elected to the House of Assembly from Mor- 
ris county in 1902 and re-elected in 1903, and in 1904 
he was chosen State Senator and again in 1907. For 
two years he was the majority leader on the floor of 
the Senate. And in 1908 he was elected to the Presi- 
dency of that body where he discharged the duties 
of that office in a very satisfactory manner. In 1909 
he was appointed by Governor Fort as a member of 
the Board of Railroad Commissioners for a full term 
of six years and was promptly confirmed by the 
Senate without the usual reference to committee. His 
acceptance of this office vacated his State Senatorship. 
His term will expire May 1, 1915, and his salary is 
$7,500 a year. 

WINTHROP MORE DANIELS, Princeton. 
Professor Daniels was born in Dayton, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 30, 1867. He was graduated from Princeton 
University in 1888. For two years afterward he was 
an instructor in the Princeton Preparatory School, and 
in 1890 he received the degree of Master of Arts from 
Princeton. In 1890-91 he studied at the University of 
Leipzig, Germany. In 1891 he was an instructor in 
economics in Wesleyan University. The following 
year he returned to Princeton as an assistant pro- 
fessor of political economy. In 1895 he was promoted 
to a full professorship in the Department of Econom- 
ics. Subsequently he became senior professor of po- 
litical economy, and he is a recognized authority on 
public finance and economics. He has been secretary 
and treasurer of the American Economic Association; 
and is now a member of the executive committee of 
said association. He has also served at various times 
on the editorial staff of the Evening Post, of New 
York; and has frequently contributed to the Atlantic 
Monthly and the Nation. He was appointed a member 
of the Public Utility Commission by Governor Wilson 
on April 21, 1910, for a term of six years from May 1, 
1911. His salary is $7,500 a year. 

RALPH W. E. DONGES, President, Camden. 
Captain Donges, born at Donaldson, Pa., May 5th, 
1875, is a son of Dr. John W. Donges and Rose M. 
Donges, S.nd a lawyer by profession. He was educated 



416 BIOGRAPHIES. 

in a private school and Rugby Academy, from which 
ho was graduated in 1892. He read law Avith Hon. 
Jolm W. Wescott, was admitted as an attorney at the 
February term, 1897, and as a counselor at the Febru- 
ary term, 3 900. Since his admission he has practiced 
law in Camden, X. J. He was elected Second Lieu- 
tenant of Company C, Third Regiment N. J, N. G., in 
1900: First Lieutenant in 1902, First Lieutenant and 
Battalion Adjutant in 1903, and was Captain and Quar- 
termaster of the Tliird Regiment from 1905 to 1913. 

The Captain was appointed a member of the Board 
of Public Utility Commissioners by Governor Wilson 
on February 19th, 1913, for a term of six 3'ears. He 
took his seat on the board on May 1st, and was then 
elected President. His term will expire in 1919, and 
his salary is $7, .500 per annum. 

ALFRED N. BARBER, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Barber was born in Lambertville, N. J., May 
19th, 1867. In 1884 he entered the employ of the New 
Jersey Steel and Iron Company, working for that com- 
pany until it became absorbed by the American Bridge 
Company, when he resigned as contracting agent to 
accept a position in the sales department of John A. 
Roebling's Sons Company. He worked in the office 
of the City Clerk of Trenton from April, 1880, to July, 
1884, and served as an Assemblyman from Mercer 
county for three years — 1905, '06 and '07 — and during 
the latter year was Republican leader. Mr. Barber 
was appointed secretary of the Board of Railroad 
Commissioners soon after the creation of that board, 
in 1907. His salary is $4,000. 



State Civil Service Commission. 

CHARLES H. BATEMAX. President, Somerville. 

Mr. Bateman was born at Pennington, Mercer county, 
N. J., July 2d, 1861. He was educated at Pennington 
Seminary, where he graduated in 1880, and after teach- 
ing one year entered Princeton University, class of 
1885. After leaving college Mr. Bateman began news- 
paper work in Trenton, where he was a reporter for 



BIOGRAPHIES. ^ ^ ' !' < <iii] ''^0!\l/^i 



the local dailies, and was at the same time actln^fes, ^' r^^^ 
correspondent for New York and Philadelphia news- ''^^^, 
papers. For ten years he represented the New York 
Evening Post and Philadelphia Evening Telegraph in 
the New Jersey Legislature, and during that time and 
subsequently he has represented the Associated Press 
and various New Jersey and New York journals. In 
1891 he purchased a controlling interest in the Union- 
ist-Gazette, Somerville, N. J., and now conducts that 
newspaper and the large publishing business con- 
nected with it. 

In 1896, and again in 1902, Mr. Bateman was private 
secretary to the President of the New Jersey Senate. 
On May 8th, 1908, Governor Fort appointed him as a 
member of the Civil Service Commission for two years, 
and in 1910 he was appointed for a full term of four 
years, which will expire May 9, 1914. His salary is 
$2,000 a year. 



JOSEPH S. HOFF, Princeton. 

Mr. Hoff was born in Princeton, Mercer county, De- 
cember 8, 1867. He graduated from St. Paul's paro- 
chial school in 1881 and from the Princeton high 
school in 1883. Afterward he took a two-year course 
in a business college at Trenton. Following this Mr. 
Hoff entered the employ of A, S, Leigh, one of Prince- 
ton's leading business men, who conducted a whole- 
sale and retail market, where Mr. Hoff served first 
as clerk, then as manager, until four years ago, when 
he purchased the business, which he still owns. 

Mr. Hoff served Princeton borough as collector and 
treasurer for nine years, serving so satisfactorily to 
the people during his first term that he was twice re- 
elected without opposition. Twice, in 1902 and 1905, 
Mr. Hoff was the candidate of his party for sheriff of 
Mercer county, and although the county is strongly 
Republican, he was defeated in each instance by only 
a small plurality. Mr. Hoff, who is a Democrat, has 
always been active in politics and since 1906 has been 
chairman of the Mercer County Democratic Commit- 
tee. He was elected a member of the Democratic State 
Committee in 1913. 

Mr. Hoff is prominently identified with the affairs 
of Princeton. He is a member of the Princeton Board 

27 



418 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of Health, Mercer Engine Company, of Princeton's 
volunteer fire department, a director of First Na- 
tional Bank of Princeton and of the Princeton Savings 
Bank, and is a director and treasurer of the Princeton 
Ice Company. He is a member of St. Paul's Church 
of Princeton. 

Mr. Hoff was appointed Civil Service Commissioner 
by Governor Woodrow Wilson on May 8, 1911, for a 
full term of four years. His salary is $2,000 a year. 

COL. ALEXANDER ROBERT FORDYCE, JR., 
West Orange. 

Colonel Fordyce was born in New York city, Febru- 
ary 13, 1875. He was educated at Stevens High School 
and Rutgers Grammar School, graduated from Prince- 
ton University, 1896, from New York Law School, 1898, 
and was admitted to the New York bar as counsellor- 
at-law the latter year. He was elected a member (Re- 
publican) of the New Jersey House of Assembly for 
two terms, 1904 and 1905, and was a candidate for the 
nomination for Senator in 1906. He is a former mem- 
ber and non-commissioned officer of the Essex Troop, 
Cavalry. 

The Colonel was appointed by Governor Stokes on 
April 14, 1905, Deputy Quartermaster-General of New 
Jersey, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and by 
Governor Wilson on June 5, 1911, Assistant Commis- 
sary-General, with the rank of colonel. On March 20, 
1912, he was appointed by Governor Wilson a member 
of the Civil Service Commission for a term of four 
years, and he was duly confirmed by tlie Senate. His 
salary is $2,000 per annum. 

EDWARD HENRY WRIGHT, Newark. 

Mr. Wright was born in Newark, N. J., February 13th, 
1873, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
at St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., from 1885 to 1890, 
and entered the Princeton class of 1894. He studied 
law in the office of McCarter, Williamson & McCarter, 
Newark, and the New York Law School, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar of New Jersey, June 21st, 1897. He 
is the grandson of the late United States Senator Wil- 
liam Wright, of New Jersey, and Steven Thomas Ma- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 419 

son, first Governor of Michigan, and is the son of the 
late Colonel Edward H. Wright, aid on the staff of the 
late Generals Winfield Scott and George B. McClellan. 
He was a member of the House of Assembly in 1907, 
and made a good record as a legislator. Governor Wil- 
son appointed Mr. Wright a Civil Service Commissioner 
on February 17th, 1913, for a term of four years. He 
succeeded Colonel James Rankin Mullikin, of Newark, 
on May 8th. His salary is $2,000 per annum. 



GARDNER COLBY, Secretary and Chief Examiner, 
East Orange. 

Mr. Colby was born at East Orange, N. J., September 
12, 1864. His father was Gardner R. Colby, who was a 
candidate for the nomination of the Republican party 
for Governor in 1886, but was defeated by Benjamin F. 
Howey. He was graduated from Brown University, in 
the class of 1887, with the degree of A.B., and later 
received the degree of A.M. While in college he was a 
member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society and the Alpha 
Delta Phi fraternity. 

After graduation he went into the dry goods com- 
mission business with his father, and upon his father's 
death became associated with his uncle, the late 
Charles L. Colby, in extensive railroad, manufacturing 
and real estate enterprises, in the West. Since his con- 
nection with the Civil Service work he has severed his 
business connections. He is a trustee of Brown Univer- 
sity and Colgate University. His salary is $4,000 per 
annum. 



Commissioner Department of Labor. 

LEWIS T. BRYANT, Atlantic City. 

Colonel Bryant was born in July, 1874, In Atlantic 
county, N. J. He was graduated from the Pennsylvania 
Military College at Chester, Pa., with the degree of civil 
engineer; was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 1898; 
mustered into the United States Volunteer Army as Cap- 
tain of Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry July 14th; promoted to Major in the same regi- 
ment in the spring of 1899, and was made Assistant In- 



420 BIOGRAPHIES. 

spector General of the National Guard of New Jersey, 
with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, in the spring of 1899, 
which position he stills holds. On January 8th, 1904, the 
Colonel was appointed Inspector of Factories and Work 
shops, to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of John 
C. Ward. The title of the office was changed to that of 
Commissioner of Department of Labor by an act of the 
Legislature, and on March 24th, 1904, the Colonel was ap- 
pointed as such by Governor Murphy, and was confirmed 
by the Senate on the next day for a term of three years, 
at $2,500 a year. In 1907 he was given another term 
by Governor Stokes at a salary of $3,500, and he was 
reappointed by Governor Fort in 1910. On February 
18th, 1913, Governor Wilson appointed tlie Colonel for 
another term of office. The Colonel served as secretary 
of the New Jersey Commission, Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position, from December 9, 1903, until the end. He is 
identified with the hotel interests in Atlantic City. His 
term is three years, and his salary is $6,000 per annum. 
He served as secretary of the Jamestown Exposition 
Commission. 



Assistant Commissioner Department of Iia1>or. 

JOHN L HOLT, Trenton. 

Mr. Holt was born at Hawthorn, a suburb of Paterson, 
December 4, 1851, and is a watchmaker by trade. For 
nearly twenty-flve years he carried on the business as a 
dealer in clocks, watches, &c.. in the city of Paterson. 
He served as a member of the Board of Education for six 
years and was president of that body during the last two 
years of his term. In 1885 he was elected Alderman from 
the First ward and was re-elected in 1887. In 1888 he was 
president of the Board. Mr. Holt was an Assemblyman 
from Passaic county in 1889 and 1893 and '94. He served aa 
Speaker in the latter year, and at the close of the session 
he resigned so as to qualify himself for Riparian Com- 
missioner, in which office he served for five years. He 
was appointed Assistant Commissioner of the Labor De- 
partment in 1905 and again in 1907-1911, and his sal- 
ary is $3,000 a year. His term expires May 14, 1914. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 421 

State Board of Health. 

JOHN H. CAPSTICK, President, Montville. 

Mr. Capstick was born in the city of Lawre-nce, Mass., 
September 2, 1856. He attended the public schools of 
Lawrence until he attained the age of twelve years, 
then he became a resident of the city of Providence, 
R. I., and there attended the private college of Morey 
& Goff. He was a member of the First Light Infantry 
Cadets, of Providence. His father, John Capstick, de- 
ceased, being a practical chemist and colorist, estab- 
lished a business of bleaching, dyeing, printing and 
finishing, under the firm name of John Capstick & Sons, 
at Montville, Morris county, N. J., in 1883. This plant 
is now owned, operated and managed by John H, Cap- 
stick and Thomas Capstick, giving employment to sev- 
eral hundred people. Mr. Capstick has been promi- 
nently identified in public life in Morris county for over 
twenty years, is director in several financial institu- 
tions and also member of several clubs. He has taken 
very active interest in local affairs of the town of 
Montville ever since he settled there. He was ap- 
pointed a member of the State Board of Health in 1908. 
His term expires May Sth, 1914. 

WILLIAM H. CHEW, Salem. 

Mr. Chew was born in Camden, September 18, 1871, 
and is tlie eldest son of the late Sinnickson Chew. 
After leaving school he engaged in business with his 
father in the publication of the West Jersey Press, in 
Camden, and the Standard, at Salem. Mr. Chew is 
now president of the Sinnickson Chew & Sons Com- 
pany, of Camden, and the Standard and Jerseyman 
Company, of Salem. 

He has been connected with the New Jersey Na- 
tional Guard since 1908, serving first as Captain and 
Paymaster of the Third Infantry and at the present 
time as Major and Assistant Paymaster-General. 

Mr. Chew was chosen the first Secretary of the New 
Jersey Forest Park Reservation Commission. In 1907 
he was appointed by Governor Stokes a member of 
the State Sewerage Commission, and when that Com- 
mission was abolished in 1908 he was appointed by 
Governor Fort a member of the reorganized State 



422 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Board of Health for the one-year term. In 1909 Gov- 
ernor Fort reappointed him for a full term, which will 
expire May Sth, 1915. 

HERBERT W. JOHNSON, Haddonfield. 

Mr. Johnson was born in Bucks county. Pa., Novem- 
ber 24, 1850, and is a seed merchant, being- a member 
of the firm of Johnson Seed Company, the largest seed 
and agricultural house in Philadelphia, which he estab- 
lished in 1S80. He was educated in the Friends' School 
of Philadelphia. He has resided in Camden county 
since 18S7. He served as a member of the Camden 
County Board of Freeholders and was elected to the 
State Senate in 1896 and again in 1909, serving two 
full terms, and was a member of the most important 
committees. He was appointed Sheriff of Camden 
county by Governor Murphy, and after serving over a 
year resigned that office. Mr. Johnson was appointed 
a member of the State Board of Health in 1910 by 
Governor Fort for a term of six years. His term will 
expire on May Sth, 1916. 

RICHARD COLE NEWTON, M.D., Montclair. 

Dr. Newton was born in Boston, Mass., July 23, 1851, 
and is a physician by profession. His father moved 
to South Orange, N. J., in 1857, where Dr. Newton 
grew up. He was fitted for college in the school of 
Rev. Frederick A. Adams, of Orange, N. J., and en- 
tered Harvard University in 1870, graduating in 1874 
with the degree of bachelor of arts. He entered the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons (now Columbia 
University) in New York city the same year and g-rad- 
uated with the degree of doctor of medicine in 1877. 

From October 1, 1877, to April 1, 1879, he served as 
an interne in the City (then Charity) Hospital, New 
York city, and in May, 1879, passed the required exam- 
inations before the Army Medical Examining Board 
and was commissioned an assistant surgeon in the 
regular army of the United States in February, 1880. 

In 1889 ho resigned his commission and entered pri- 
vate practice in Montclair, N. J., where he now resides 
and practices medicine. He served a number of years 
as a trustee of the Free Public Library of Montclair 
and as a member of the visiting staff of the Moun- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 423 

tainside Hospital, of -which he was one of the foun- 
ders. He has been president of the Harvard Club of 
New Jersey, of the Essex County Medical Society, of 
the Orange Mountain Medical Society and of the Soci- 
ety of the Alumni of the City Hospital, New York 
city. He belongs to a number of scientific societies, 
including the American Climiatological Association, 
the American School Hygiene Association, the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, the Committee of One Hun- 
dred on National Health of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science. He was the first 
editor of the Journal of the Medical Society of New 
Jersey and of American Health. He is consulting 
physician to the Mountainside Hospital, Montclair, 
and a. lecturer of the American Medical Association 
on Hygiene and Public Health. He was appointed 
by Governor Wilson a member of the State Board of 
Health in 1911. His term will expire May 8th, 1917. 

OLIVER KELLY, Oak Tree, Middlesex County. 

Mr. Kelly was born near Metuchen, Middlesex county, 
N. J., in 1847. He received a common school education, 
and afterward entered the real estate business, which 
he conducted successfully for a number of years both 
in New Jersey and New York. He served as Collector 
of the Port of Perth Amboy until the first Cleveland 
administration, and in April, 1891, was appointed a 
member of the State Board of Assessors for a term of 
four years, and served in that office five years alto- 
gether. For over twenty-seven years he was an active 
member of the Democratic State Committee, and is 
now a member of the Middlesex County Democratic 
Committee. He was Chairman of the Middlesex County 
Board of Elections for several terms. He is also a 
member of the Raritan Township Board of Education, 
Mr. Kelly was appointed a member of the State Board 
of Health by Governor Wilson in 1913 for a term of 
six years. He has always been an active Democrat. 
His term will expire May 8th, 1918. 

JACOB COLE PRICE, M.D., Secretary, Branchville. 

Dr. Price was born at Branchville, Sussex county, 
N. J., January 9, 1850. By profession he is a physi- 
cian. His father was a cousin of Governor Rodman 



424 BIOGRAPHIES. 

M. Price, and was an Assemblyman froni Sussex 
county in 1861. Dr. Price is a graduate of the Michi- 
gan University and the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of New York city. He was County Physi- 
cian for Sussex for fifteen years, and has served as 
Mayor, and also Postmaster, at Branchville. He was 
appointed as a member of the Board of Examining 
Surgeons for his Congressional District under the 
McKinley administration. In 1903 Dr. Price was elected 
to the State Senate by a plurality of 758 over Wood- 
ward, Republican, was re-elected in 1906 by a plur- 
ality of 730 over Howell. Republican, and again in 
1909 by a plurality of 1,057 over Hunt, Republican. 
He was the only Senator who was ever given a third 
term in Sussex county. He served on the most im- 
portant committees of the Senate and his record is 
without blemish. He was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Health by Governor Wilson in 1912 
and served one year, when he resigned, and Governor 
Wilson then appointed him Secretary of the board for 
a full term of six years. His term will expire May 
8th. 1919. 



Custodian of the Capitol. 

JOHN W. WESEMAN. Newark. 

Mr. Weseman was born in Germany in' 1861. He re- 
ceived his education In the public schools and business 
colleges of Newark. For fourteen years he conducted a 
grocery store in that city, which he has relinquished that 
he might devote his whole time to the duties of his present 
position. At the November election in 1896 he was elected 
a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Essex 
county from the Fourth Ward of Newark, for a term of 
two years. In 1898 he was elected a member of the House 
of Assembly by a plurality of 5,607, and the year following 
he was re-elected by a plurality of 7,068. While In the 
Assembly he served on some of the most Important com- 
mittees. He was appointed Custodian of the Capitol In 
July, 1901, by the State House Commission, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of John H. Bonnell, which 
occurred on June 7th of that year. Mr. Weseman has 
always been a steadfast Republican and a hard worker 



BIOGRAPHIES. 425 

for the success of his party. He is a member of St. 
John's Lodge, No. 1, F. and A. M. ; also of the Keyport 
Yacht Club. His salary is $3,500 a year. 



Commissioner of Public Roads. 

EDWIN AUGUST STEVENS, Hoboken. 

Colonel Stevens was born in Philadelphia, Pa., 
March 14, 1858. He is a son of Edwin Augustus Stev- 
ens, the founder of Stevens Institute of Technology, 
and Martha Bayard Dod, and a great grandson of John 
Stevens, a member of the first Federal Congress. He 
graduated from Princeton in class of 1879 and holds 
an engineering degree from Stevens Institute. 

Colonel Stevens is noteworthy among the represen- 
tative men of New Jersey as a mechanical engineer 
of wide repute and high standing, as well as for his 
prominence in the local affairs of Hudson county. He 
has served as Park Commissioner of that county. Tax 
Commissioner of the city of Hoboken, president of 
the Hoboken Ferry Company and of the New Jersey 
Ice Company, director of the First National Bank of 
Hoboken, and of the Hudson Trust Company, and trus- 
tee of the Stevens Institute. He is president of the 
Hoboken Land and Improvement Company, which, un- 
der his energetic and progressive management has ac- 
complished a great deal in the building up and mate- 
rial development of the community. He was a mem- 
ber of the commission to define the boundaries be- 
tween New York and New Jersey, as his great grand- 
father had been a century before. The Colonel de- 
signed the first screw ferry boat, "The Bergen," now 
plj'ing between New York and Hoboken. He is an 
associate member of the Society of Mechanical En- 
gineers and a life member of the association of Naval 
Architects and Marine Engineers. He is a member 
of the Interstate Palisades Park Commission. He was 
in the National Guard for twelve years, for six of 
which he was in command of the Second Regiment. 
He has been president of the Democratic Society of 
New Jersey and served as a member of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee and as presidential elector. 
He was appointed Commissioner of Public Roads by 
Governor Wilson on February 20, 1911, for a term of 
three years. His salary is $5,000 per annum. 



426 BIOGRAPHIES, 

Department of Charities and Corrections. 

JOSEPH PERKINS BYERS, Trenton. 
Mr. Byers was born in Columbus, Ohio, September 
23, 1868, and is a son of Rev. Albert Gallatine Byers, 
who was chaplain of the Ohio Penitentiary in the late 
sixties; from 1867 to 1890- the Secretary of the Ohio 
Board of State Charities and a recognized leader in 
the work of prison and social reform. The son was 
educated in the public schools of Columbus and the 
Ohio State University. In 1888 he became his father's 
assistant in the office of the Board of State Charities, 
and shortly after his father's death in 1890' succeeded 
to the secretaryship of the board. His duties here 
g-ave him supervision over the whole system of public 
charities and correction of the State, including all 
State, county and municipal institutions. H^e re- 
mained in that position until 1902, when he resigned 
to accept the superintendency of the Indiana State 
Reformatory at Jeffersonville. In 1904 he was ten- 
dered and accepted the wardenship of the Eastern 
State Penitentiary of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia. 
This position he resigned the following year to be- 
come the Superintendent of the New York House of 
Refuge. After six years' work among the boys and 
young men committed to that- institution, he was of- 
fered and accepted the secretaryship of the reorgan- 
ized New Jersey State Charities Aid and Prison Re- 
form Association. This was in October, 1910. In 1912 
he was appointed by Governor Wilson Commissioner 
of Charities and Corrections. Mr. Byers was the Gen- 
eral Secretary of the National Conference of Charities 
and Corrections from 1902 to 1905, and since 1908 has 
been the General Secretary of the American Prison 
Association. His term is for three years and salary 
$4,000. His term will expire May 29th, 1915. 



Secretary to the Governor. 

L. EDWARD HERRMANN, Jersey City. 

Mr. Herrman is a lawyer, and was born in Jersey 

City, N. J., July 6th, 1876. His father was Louis E. 

Herrman, and his mother Mary A. Craven. His father 

was a, native of Hoboken, N. J., and his mother was 



BIOGRAPHIES. 427 

born in Jersey City. His father was widely known 
throughout tlie State of New Jersey as an expert title 
searcher. The son was educated in the public schools 
of Jersey City, being- graduated from the High School 
in 1895. Afterwards he studied in New York Uni- 
versity, being graduated in 1898, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Philosophy, and he also studied law at 
the New York Law School. While a law student he 
taught in the night schools of Jersey City. Later he 
was engaged in newspaper work on the reportorial 
staff of the Jersey City News and the Jersey Journal. 
He studied law in the offices of John L. Keller, John W. 
Week and Augustus Zabriskie. He was admitted to 
the bar in June 1901, and formed a partnership with 
Andrew J. Steelman, Jr. In his political affiliations he 
is a Democrat, but the only office which he has held 
was that of member of the Board of Education of Jer- 
sey City for two terms, under Mayor Fagan. He is a 
member of the University Club of Hudson county, the 
Jersey City Club and the Down Town Club. 



Executive Clerk. 

JOHN J. FARRELL, Newark. 
Mr. Farrell was born in New York city, August 31st, 
1864, and has been a resident of the State of New Jer- 
sey since he was three years of age. He is a news- 
paper man by profession, and was State Riparian Com- 
missioner from 1899 to 1904. During that period the 
courts set aside as void the attempt of the Legislature 
to divert State lands, which now form the nucleus of 
the School Fund, to other purposes. For many years 
prior to that and since he has been a legislative cor- 
respondent, the line in which he was engaged when ap- 
pointed Executive Clerk to fill a vacancy, the second 
which occurred in that office in forty-seven years, on 
February 20th, 1913. 



Commissioner of Reports. 

THOMAS B. HOLMES, Trenton. 
Mr. Holmes, Sr., was born May 15, 1859, In the 
village of Uncasville, Connecticut. He was educated 
in what is known as the "district school." At the 



428 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ag-e of twelve j'ears he was placed at service with a 
farmer. When fifteen years of age he found em- 
ployment in a cotton mill and afterwards became a 
weaver in a woolen mill. His health failing, he en- 
tered the grocery business In the village where he 
was born. At the age of twenty-one years he went 
to Red Oak, Iowa, as manager of the retail depart- 
ment of a wholesale and retail grocery establishment. 
Six months later he accepted the city editorship of 
the Red Oak "Evening Express." From Red Oak he 
went to Fargo, Dakota, to accept a position on the 
reportorial staff of the Fargo "Daily Argus." Two 
years later he became a special writer on the staff 
of the "Chicago Daily Herald," which position he 
resigned to become a member of the staff of the Min- 
neapolis, Minnesota, "Tribune." One year later he 
went to the St. Paul, Minn., "Daily Globe." In 1887 
he resigned his position as managing editor of the 
Sunday edition of the "Globe," and, in search of 
health, went to Oakland, California, where he took 
up the duties of managing editor of the Oakland 
"Evening Herald." A year later he entered the real 
estate and insurance business in El Verano, Cali- 
fornia, where he published two monthly magazines 
devoted to fruit culture, and a weekly local news- 
paper. For two years he filled the position of Post- 
master at El Verano. In 1891 he returned to Con- 
necticut and after devoting two years to special news- 
paper and magazine writing, he came to New York 
City, and for several months devoted himself to 
special work for the metropolitan newspapers. In 
1894 he came to Trenton to accept the editorship of 
the "Daily State Gazette," which position he now 
holds. 

He has served six years as a member of the Tren- 
ton Board of Health, during which time he has been 
clerk of that body. He was appointed a member of 
a commission selected by Common Council to Investi- 
gate the question of a sewage disposal plant for 
Trenton, and is a member of the Committee of Com- 
mon Council on the Acquisition of Park Lands. 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Mana- 
gers of the New Jersey State Home for Girls by 
Governor Murphy, and re-appointed by Governor 
Stokes. He served four years as treasurer of that 
institution. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 429 

February 17, 1909, Mr. Holmes was appointed by 
Governor -Fort to the office of Commissioner of Public 
Reports, to fill a vacancy caused by the death of 
William Cloke, and his appointment was unanimously 
confirmed by the Senate. His term of office is five 
years, and will expire May 1, 1914. His salary is $2,000 
a year. 



Chief of the Bureau of Shell Fisheries. 

CHARLES R. BACON, Haddonfield. 
Mr. Bacon was born in the city of Camden, February 
1st, 1861, is a "Jerseyman by over 200 years," a lineal 
descendant of Samuel Bacon, an early settler of Salem 
county, and a figure in Colonial history. With a com- 
mon school education he started, at the age of thirteen 
years, to win his way in the world. He learned the 
printer's trade and became a reporter and later city 
editor on the old Camden Daily Post. For twenty-five 
years he has been New Jersey editor and legislative 
correspondent of the Pliiladelphia Record. In that ca- 
pacity he took a lively interest for several years in 
the oyster industry of New Jersey, and when the Leg- 
islature of 1903 passed the bill creating the Bureau of 
Shell Fisheries he was appointed its chief upon the 
recommendation of many men engaged in the industry. 
He was reappointed by Governor Stokes in 1907, and 
by Governor Wilson in 1911. He is a member of the 
Order of Elks, is a former President of the New Jersey 
Legislative Correspondents' Club, and was one of the 
founders of the Pen and Pencil Club, Pliiladelphia. He 
was unanimously chosen President of the National As- 
sociation of Shell Fish Commissioners, representing 
twenty States, at its organization in New York in May, 
1909, and is a member of the American Fisheries So- 
ciety. His term is for four years, and will expire May 
1st, 1915, and his salary is $1,800 per annum. 



State Water-Supply Commission. 

GEORGE FAIRHURST WRIGHT, Paterson. 
Mr. Wright was born at Paterson, N, J., on February 
26th, 1873, He was first elected to the Assembly in 
1904 and served for two years. During his terms he 



430 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was a member of a number of important committees. 
In June, 1907, Mr. "Wright was appointed for two years 
as a member of the State Water-Supply Commission 
by Governor Stokes. In 1909 he was re-appointed for 
the full term of five years by Governor Fort. His term 
expires June 2Sth, 1914. 



HARRY R. HUMPHREYS, Camden. 

Mr. Humphreys was born on June 7th, 1879, in Cam- 
den, N. J. He was graduated from the "William Penn 
Charter School of Pennsylvania in 1S97, later attending 
the University of Pennsylvania Law School as a mem- 
ber of the class of 1900. He is engaged in the lumber 
business, being owner of the Hadentine Lumber Com- 
pany and sales manager of the Norva Land and Lum- 
ber Company of Walleston, Va. He is also treasurer 
of the grocery firm of H. Raj-mond Staley Company, of 
Camden. He is director of the Mercliants' Trust Com- 
pany, of Camden. In May, 1908, he was appointed by 
Governor Fort as one of the three delegates from 
New Jersey to attend the first Conservation Congress 
held at the "White House in "Washington, D. C. 

He was appointed to the State "Water-Supply Com- 
mission for three years by Governor Stokes in 1907, 
and was re-appointed for the full term of five years in 
1910 by Governor Fort. His term expires June 28th, 
1915. 

MAHLON L. HOAGLAND, Rockaway. 

Mr. Hoagland was born in Rockaway, Morris county, 
N. J., on March 25, 1871. He received his early educa- 
tion in a private school, and later graduated from 
Trinity Military Institute. He entered the employ of 
M. Hoagland's Sons Co., a corporation of New Jersey, 
in September, 1889, and was elected secretary and gen- 
eral manager of the company in 1902. He is a Demo- 
crat politically', and has twice been elected president 
of the Council of the Borough of Rockaway. He has 
served two terms as "Worshipful Master of Acacia 
Lodge, No. 20, F. «& A M., and belongs to several other 
fraternal organizations, and is a member of the Hol- 
land Society of New York and the "Washington Asso- 
ciation of New Jersey. 

He was appointed a member of the State "Water- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 431 

Supply Commission by Governor Wilson and confirmed 
by the Senate in January, 1911. His term will expire 
June 28th, 1916. 

ELMER HENDRICKSON GERAN, Matawan. 

Mr. Geran was born at Matawan, N. J,, October 24, 
1875, and is a lawyer. He was graduated from Glen- 
wood Military Institute at Matawan in 1892, and at- 
tended Peddle Institute at Hightstown from 1893 until 
1895, where he was also graduated. In the fall of 
1895 he entered Princeton College, and was graduated 
from Princeton University in the class of 1899. He 
attended the New York Law School from 1899 to 1901, 
and was a student in the law office of Collins & Cor- 
bin, Jersey City, during that time, and was admitted 
to the bar in the latter year. He remained in that 
oflice until 1904 and then opened law offices for him- 
self in Jersey City and at Matawan, and has been 
practicing at those places ever since. He was attor- 
ney for the borough of Matawan, 1908-'09, was a 
member of the Assembly in 1911-'12, and was sponsor 
for the Geran Election Law. He was appointed a 
member of the State Water-Supply Commission by 
Governor Wilson in 1912 for a term of five years. His 
term expires June 19, 1917, 

CHARLES ANTHONY MEYER, Andover. 

Mr. Meyer was born in Hoboken, December 31st, 1864, 
and is a civil engineer. He served in the Spanish- 
American war and was mustered out as a captain, No- 
vember 17th, 1898. He is a member of Harmony Lodge, 
No. 8, F. and A. M.; Baldwin Chapter, De Molay Com- 
mandery and Salaam Temple, and also of the Army and 
Navy Club. He was Secretary of the Hudson County 
Democratic Committee, 1894-97. For three years he 
was president of the Borough Council of Andover. He 
served four years as a member of the House of As- 
sembly from Sussex county, and was Chairman and a 
member of important committees. He was appointed 
to his present office in 1913 by Governor Wilson to suc- 
ceed J. Henry Bacheller, whose term expired on June 
29th. 



432 BIOGRAPHIES. 

MORRIS R. SHERRERD, Consulting Engineer, 
Newark. 

Morris Robeson Sherrerd was born in Scranton, Pa., 
on December 16, 1865, and comes of a long line of dis- 
tinguisiied Jerseymen. He is the son of Samuel and 
Frances Maria Sherrerd. He was prepared for college 
in the Blair Presbyterian Academy at Blairstown, 
afterwards attending the Rensselaer Polytechnic In- 
stitute at Troy, N. Y., from which he was graduated 
in the class of 1886 witli the degree of civil engineer. 
He spent a short time at railroad work and for two 
years was connected with the Lackawanna Iron and 
Coal Company of Scranton, Pa. Then he entered the 
employ of the Public Improvement Commission of 
Troy, N. Y., and his work since that time has had 
chiefly to do with municipal improvements. He was 
superintendent of construction of sewers and pave- 
ments at Troy and later became Assistant City Engi- 
neer of Peoria, 111., where he remained for two years. 
He declined the position of City Engineer of Peoria 
to return to Troy to take up a consulting practice. 
He conducted much important work in that capacity, 
and in 1893 he was appointed City Engineer of Troy. 
He remained in that position until he accepted the 
position in Newark in 1895. 

Besides his municipal work, Mr. Sherrerd has been 
connected with many large undertakings. He is con- 
sulting engineer to the New Jersey State Water-Sup- 
ply Commission, which has supervision of all the 
water supplies of the State; he is also one of tlie con- 
sulting engineers for the Passaic Valley Sewerage 
Commission. He has been a special consulting engi- 
neer in connection with various large projects and 
undertakings, one of which necessitated his going to 
Brazil. Mr. Sherrerd has been connected with most of 
the water litigation in his locality during the last 
fifteen years. 

Mr. Sherrerd is past president of the American 
Water Works Association, the American Society of 
Municipal Improvements, and the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic Institute General Alumni. He is past director 
of the Board of Directors of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers, and is a member of the New England 
Water Works Association, the American Society for 



BIOGRAPHIES. 433 

the Testing of Materials, the New Jersey Sanitary- 
Association, the Engineers' Club, and the Theta Delta 
Chi Club of New York City, the Essex Club, the North 
End Club and the Union Club of Newark. 

CHARLES H. FOLWELL, Secretary, Mount Holly. 

Mr. Folwell was born in Washington, D. C, on 
October 30, 1871, and has lived practically all of his 
life at Mount Holly, where he owns and edits The 
New Jersey Mirror. His education was obtained at 
the local schools, the Lawrenceville School and Grey- 
lock Institute of South Williamstown, Mass. 



State Superintendent of Weights and Measures. 

WILLIAM L. WALDRON, Trenton. 

Mr. Waldron was born in Trenton on December 7th, 
1868. He received his early education in St. Mary's 
Parochial School, the same city. He was obliged to 
become a bread-winner when but thirteen years old, 
because of the circumstances of his widowed mother 
and her other six younger children. Later he attended 
night school, becoming enrolled as a student in the 
commercial department of the Stewart Business Col- 
lege. He passed with high honors. 

Mr. Waldron's first position was as errand boy for 
the Trenton Co-Operative Society, which managed a 
large grocery and meat market. He was promoted a 
year later to a clerkship and, finally, when the com- 
pany decided to establish a branch store, Mr. Waldron 
was the choice for manager. He made such a success 
of the venture that, a couple of years later the so- 
ciety concluded to open a second branch store. Mr. 
Waldron was again the unanimous choice of the di- 
rectors for the management of the newer place. 

Twelve years ago, Mr. Waldron decided to go into 
business for himself. He developed a business corner 
that had for years been regarded as a hoodoo into one 
of the most prosperous in Trenton. He sold out this 
business when Governor Wilson unexpectedly named 
him to the superintendency of weights and measures 
August 23, 1911. Governor Wilson's attention is said 
to have been attracted to Mr. Waldron because of his 

28 



434 BIOGRAPHIES. 

splendid run for city commissioner last summer. He 
not only figured among- the ten highest men at the 
primary but also came within a couple of hundred 
votes of being elected a commissioner. This was re- 
garded as a remarkable tribute to the personal pop- 
ularity of a man who had never before figured in pub- 
lic life, who had done little or no campaigning, and 
who was the only one of the ten candidates on elec- 
tion day that had never been previously able to attract 
public attention through the occupancy of a public 
office. His term of ofRce is five years and salary $2,500. 



Secretary and Engineer of the Riparian Commission. 

JOHN C. PAYNE, Jersey City. 

Mr. Payne, who was born in England, February 16th, 
1852, commenced his professional career as a student 
in the office of the firm of Bacot, Post & Camp, civil 
engineers, in 1868, and after spending some time in 
that office left to take a special engineering course in 
the old Hasbrouck Institute on Grand street, near 
Washington, in Jersey City, of which Washington 
Hasbrouck was the principal. Upon concluding his 
studies he went back into the employ of Bacot, Post & 
Camp, and was assigned to various positions, one be- 
ing the charge of construction of the New Jersey and 
New York Railroad, from Hillsdale to New City; he 
was also engaged in the construction of the New York 
Elevated Railroad in Battery Park, New York. In 
1877 he formed a partnership with Mr. John V. Bacot, 
and also became associated with the Riparian Commis- 
sion as the Assistant Engineer; the duties of that posi- 
tion were such as to allow him to engage in the gen- 
eral practice of civil engineering, and this he did up 
to the year 1897, when he was appointed Secretary and 
Engineer of the Riparian Commission and retired from 
general practice excepting in an advisory capacity, 
and the filling of such appointments as came to him, 
among which was the appointment by Governor Ed- 
ward C. Stokes as a member of a Commission, of which 
ex-Governor Franklin Murphy and ex-Governor Fos- 
ter M. Voorhees were members, to investigate and re- 
port on the whole subject of franchises granted by 



BIOGRAPHIES. 435 

municipalities to public utilities corporations. He was 
also appointed by the court, together with ex-Governor 
Georg-e T. Werts and Colonel John J. Toffey, to ap- 
praise the value and damages to the terminal lands on 
the Hudson river of the Delaware, Lackawanna and 
Western Railroad Company, taken for and affected by 
the construction of the Hudson tunnels of the Man- 
hattan and Hudson River Railroad. He was appointed 
by Hon Charles J. Parker, Judge of the Supreme Court, 
a member of the Martin Act Commission, to adjust and 
levy the immense arrearage of taxes which had ac- 
cumulated in Jersey City by reason of the failure of 
the citizens to pay and the inadequacy of the laws to 
enforce collection of the same. 

In 1907 the Riparian Commission made public recog- 
nititon in its annual report to the Governor, of the 
connection of Mr. Payne with the work of the Riparian 
Commission, in the following language: 

"The board desires to officially express its recogni- 
tion of the fidelity and professional skill exercised by 
its Secretary and Engineer in the work of the Com- 
mission. 

"Mr. John C. Payne has been associated with the 
work of the Riparian Commission for thirty years. 
He associated himself in 1877 with the Hon. Robert C. 
Bacot, the first engineer of the Commission, appointed 
in 1864, and when Mr. Bacot, by reason of declining 
years, retired in 1897 with honor and the respect of 
the Commission and State, Mr. Payne succeeded him 
as Secretary and Engineer, and has continued as such 
until the present time; and the board takes pleasure 
in testifying to Mr. Payne's fidelity to the work of 
the Commission and to the interests of the State com- 
mitted to its care." 



State Department Public Records and Archives. 

LEWIS PERRINE, Director and Secretary, Trenton. 

Colonel Perrine was born in Trenton, N. J., August 
12th,* 1859. He prepared for college at the Trenton 
Academy and State Model School, graduating from the 
latter institution in the class of 1876 and entering 
Princeton University in the fall of 1876, graduating in 



436 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the class cf 1880, with a degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
In 1883 he received the degree Master ot Arts from 
Princeton. 

He studied law in the offices of tlie late Levi T. Han- 
num, and the late Judge Robert S. Woodruff, and was 
admitted to the bar June, 1883. He was Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Trenton Street Railways Company 
from 1881 to 1889, President of the same companies 
1889 to 1896; was appointed Assistant Quartermaster- 
General of New Jersey by Governor Ludlow, May 23d, 
1881; reappointed bj^ Governor Abbott, 1884; reap- 
pomted by Governor Green, 1888, and was retired a 
member of the National Guard in April, 1890. Colonel 
Perrine was associated for one year with Taylor & 
Smith, and five years with C. D. Barney & Co., bankers, 
of Wall street. New York. For the past six years 
Colonel Perrine has devoted himself entirely to literary 
work in magazines and newspapers and historic re- 
search. 

Colonel Perrine's father, Major-General Lewis Per- 
rine, was Quartermaster-General of New Jersey 1855 
to 1889. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS.; 437 

EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 



1914 

(With the advice and the consent of the Senate.) 

Attorney-General — Edmund Wilson. 

Supreme Court — Justice Thomas W. Trenchard, Justice 
Charles W. Parker, Justice James J. Bergen. 

Circuit Court — Judge Benjamin A. Vail, Judge Frank T. 
Lloyd. 

District Courts — Judges Guy Leverne Fake, Second dis- 
trict, Bergen county ; Cornelius Doremus, Third district, 
Bergen county ; Charles L. Carrick, Jersey City. 

County Courts — Burlington, John G. Horner ; Cumber- 
land, Royal P. TuUer. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas — Cumberland, J. Hampton Fith- 
ian ; Monmouth, John S. Applegate, Jr. 

Clerk in Chancery — Samuel K. Robbins. 

State Board of Education — Robert A. Sibbald. 

Public Library Commissioner — Everitt T. Tomlinson. 

Civil Service Board — Charles H. Bateman. 

County Boards of Taxation — Atlantic, Clifton C. Shinn ; 
Bergen, Henry D. Winton ; Burlington, William F. Morgan ; 
Camden, Charles A. McElhone ; Cape May, Michael H. 
Kearns ; Cumberland, James Craig ; Essex, John B. Oelkers ; 
Gloucester, Thomas C. Dilks ; Hudson, Thomas B. Usher ; 
Hunterdon, James A. Cleary ; Mercer, Frank R. Adams ; 
Middlesex, William D. Voorhees ; Monmouth, William K. 
Devereux ; Morris, Edward A. Quayle ; Ocean, George C. 
Van Hise ; Passaic, William B. Dill ; Salem, Charles 
Mecum ; Somerset, Michael W. Scully ; Sussex, S. Frank 
Quince ; Union, Mulford M. Scudder, John J, Collins, ad in- 
terim ; Warren, William J. Barker. 

Fish and Game Commissioner — Percival Chrystie. 

State Board of Forestry — Charles L. Pack. 

Geological Survey — Alfred A. Woodhull, Frank Vander- 
poel, Henry S. Washington, Edward H. Dutcher. 

State Board of Health — John H. Capstick. 

State Hospital, Morris Plains — James M. Buckley, Dr. 
John Nevin, Patrick J. Ryan, George W. Jagle, John C 
Eisele. 

State Hospital, Trenton — Garret D. W. Vroom, Arthur D. 
Forst. 

State Board of Medical Examiners — Davis P. Borden, 
F. W. Cornwell, Alexander McAllister. 

Nurse Examiners' Board — Marietta B. Squire. 



438 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Palisades Interstate Park— J. DuPratt White, Franklin 
W. Hopkins. 

Pilotage Commission — John W. Borden. 

Sis Inspectors of the State Prison. 

State Reformatorj' Board — George W. Fortmeyer, Frank 
M. Skillman. 

Riparian Board — Michael F. McLaughlin, Joseph A. 
Birkholz. 

Public Roads Commissioner — Edwin August Stevens. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission — William Mac- 
Kenzie. 

Commissioner of Public Reports — Thomas B. Holmes. 

Tenement House Supervision — Clinton MacKenzie. 

Water Supply Commission — George F. Wright. 

Women's Reformatory — Mrs. James F. Fielder, Alfred G. 
Evans. 

State Home for Boys — John E. Gill, George M. La Monte. 

State Home for Girls — Robert M. Anderson, Mrs. Howell 

C. Stull, James Baker, Mrs. Sarah Conover, ad interim. 
State Village for Epileptics — Herman F. Moosbrugger, 

John Edward Clark. 

Soldiers' Home (Vineland) — Cyrus F. Osgood, Amos R. 
Dease, Charles P. Brown. 

Sanitorium for Tuberculous Diseases — Frederick J. 
Hughes, Mrs. Knox Taylor. 

Old Age Pension — Charles McLaughin, ad in. ; Everett 
Colby. 

Harbor Master, Port of Elizabeth — John J. Cottrell. 

(Without the consent of the Senate.) 

Public Accountants — John E. Cooper. 

State Board of Architects — Five members. 

State Board of Dentistry — Cornelius Kiel. 

State Board of Pharmacy — David Strauss. 

Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners — Robert Dickson, 
William A. Fitzpatrick. 

Oyster Commission, Shark River — Henry A. Bennett. 

Oyster Superintendent, Atlantic County — ^aamuel W. 
Giberson. 

Oyster Commission, Atlantic County — C. Pittman Ham- 
mel, David F. Cavileer, William Babcock. 

Police Justice, Orange — Edward W. Woodman. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund — Elizabeth A. Allen, S. Emily 
Potter. 

Technical and Industrial Schools — Newark, John B. Sto- 
baeus, Herbert P. Gleason ; Hoboken, William L. E. Keuffel, 
John Henry Cuntz ; Trenton, Hermann G. Mueller, Garret 

D. W. Vroom. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 439 



19^5 

(With the advice and the consent of the Senate.) 

Court of Errors and Appeals — John W. Bogert, Joseph W. 
Congdon. 

Supreme Court — Chief Justice William S. Gummere, Jus- 
tice James F. Minturn, Justice Willard P. Voorhees. 

Circuit Court — Judge William H. Speer, Judge Charles C. 
Black. 

District Courts — Judges Worrall F. Mountain, East 
Orange ; James F. Clark, First district, Hudson county ; 
Oliver K. Day, Morris county ; Thomas J. Lintott, Newark ; 
John W. Beekman, Perth Amboy ; Isaac P. Runyon, Som- 
erset county ; Huston Dixon, Trenton. 

County Courts — Mercer, Frederick W. Gnichtel ; Mon- 
mouth, John E. Foster ; Somerset, Daniel H. Beekman. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas — Bergen, Wendell J. Wright; 
Burlington, Samuel A. Atkinson : Salem, J. Forman Sinnick- 
son ; Somerset, Fred A. Pope. 

State Board of Education — William G. Schauffler. 

Public Library Commissioner — William C. Kimball. 

Agricultural College Board of Visitors — Twenty-four 
members. 

State Board of Assessors — George L. Record. 

Charities and Corrections Commissioner — Joseph P. Byers. 

Civil Service Board — Joseph S. Hofif. 

State Board of Equalization of Taxes — Frank B. Jess, 
Bloomfield H. Minch. 

County Boards of Taxation — Atlantic, Frederick P. 
Somers ; Bergen, William Conklin ; Burlington, Richard 
P. Hughes ; Camden, William Schmid ; Cape May, Oliver 
I. Blackwell ; Cumberland, George Hampton ; Essex, Wil- 
liam P. Macksey ; Gloucester, Wilson T. Jones ; Hudson, 
Philip McGovern ; Hunterdon, John M. Hawk ; Mercer, 
Alfred K. Leuckel ; Middlesex, William C. Jaques ; Mon- 
mouth, Richard W. Herbert ; Morris, George W. \>'eber ; 
Ocean, Cornelius D. Kelly ; Passaic, William G. Bateman ; 
Salem, L. Batten ; Somerset, Andrew E. Kenney ; Sussex, 
Robert T. Johnson ; Union, John J. Collins ; Warren, 
Michael Connlain. 

Fish and Game Commissioner — William A. Faunce. 

State Board of Forestry — William W. Smalley, 

Geological Survey — T. Frank Appleby, Frederick A. Can- 
field, Clarence G. Meeks. 

State Board of Health — William H. Chew. 

State Board of Medical Examiners— Edward Hill Bald- 
win, Alexander Marcy, Jr., John J. Mooney. 

Nurse Examiners' Board — Jennie M. Shaw, Florence 
Dakin. 



440 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Palisades Interstate Park — Nathan F. Barrett, Edwin A. 
Stevens. 

Supervisor of the State Prison — Joseph P. McCormack. 

Public Utility Commissioner — Thomas J. Hillery. 

State Reformatory Board — Decatur M. Sawyer, Foster M. 
Voorhees. 

Riparian Board — J. Ward Richardson. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission — Peter Hauck. 

Tenement House Supervision — John A. Campbell. 

Water Supply Commission — Harry R, Humphreys. 

Women's Reformatory — Knox Taylor, Anna I. La Monte. 

State Home for Boys — Martin C. Ribsam, Arthur D. 
Chandler. 

State Home for Girls — Herbert M. Bailey, Theodore D. 
Gotlieb. 

State Village for Epileptics — Jonas A. Fuld, J. M. Car- 
nocan. 

Home for Feeble-minded Women — Mrs. Annie E. Gile, 
Richard C. Jenkinson. 

Soldiers' Home (Vineland) — John C. Patterson. 

Sanitorium for Tuberculous Diseases — William H. Ken- 
singer, Elmer Howard Loomis. 

Old Age Pension — Frederick S. Dunn. 

Health Officer, Port of P.erth Amboy. 

(Without the consent of the Senate.) 

Public Accountants — William T. Sawyer. 

Board of Children's Guardians — Joseph W. McCrystal, 
Robert L. Fleming, Charles J. Fisk. 

State Board of Dentistry — H. S. Sutphin. 

State Board of Pharmacy — Bloomfleld H. Hulick. 

Board of Veterinarj- Medical Examiners — ^George Smith. 

Oyster Commission, Maurice River Cove, &c. — Addington 
B. Campbell, Walter C. Riggin. 

Oyster Commission. Ocean County — Abram Jones, Frank 
Frazier, George W. HoUingsworth. 

Oyster Superintendent, Ocean Couutj' — George A. Mdtt. 

Chief Bureau of Shell Fisheries — Charles R. Bacon. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund — Sophia M. Braun, John Scott 
Davison. 

Technical and Industrial Schools — Newark, Samuel E. 
Robertson, John A. Furman ; Hoboken, Edward H. Hor- 
wood, J. W. Rufus Besson ; Trenton, Charles Howell Cook, 
John S. Broughton. 

Undertakers and Embalmers — John F. Martin, Benjamin 
F. Schroeder, John A. Maxwell, Herbert P. Margerum. 

Archives Commission — Francis B. Dee. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 441 



1916 

(With the advice and the consent of the Senate.) 

Court of Errors and Appeals — William H. Vredenhurgh. 

Supreme Court — Justice Charles G. Garrison. 

District Courts — Judges Frank Smathers, Atlantic City ; 
Peter Stillwell. Bayonne ; Freeman Woodbridge, New Bruns- 
wick ; Daniel ' A. Dugan, Orange ; W. Carrington Cabell, 
Passaic. 

County Courts — Essex, William P. Martin ; Cape May, 
Henry H. Eldridge ; Middlesex, Peter Francis Daly ; Salem, 
Edward C. Waddington ; Sussex, Allan R. Shay. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas — Passaic. Michael Dunn : War- 
ren, William A. Stryker. 

State Board of Education — D. Stewart Craven. 

Commissioner of Education — Calvin N. Kendall. 

Public Library Commissioner — Moses Taylor Pyne. 

State Board of Assessors— Charles E. Hendrickson, Jr., 
Isaac Barber. 

Banking and Insurance Commissioner — George M. La 
Monte. 

Civil Service Board — Andrew R. Fordyce, Jr. 

State Board of Equalization of Taxes — L. T. Russell. 

County Boards of Taxation — Atlantic. Thomas B. Wil- 
liams ; Bergen, Edwin F. Carpenter ; Burlington, Walter 
L. Stewart ; Camden. Francis D. Weaver ; Cape May, Wil- 
bur E. Young ; Cumberland, Edward H. Corson ; Essex, 
Jerome T. Congleton : Gloucester, William H. Wolff ; Hud- 
son, Mark M. Fagan ; Hunterdon, Charles N. Reading ; 
Mercer, E. Furman Hooper ; Middlesex, George J. Haney ; 
Monmouth, RulifE V. Laurence ; Morris. Thomas Baker ; 
Ocean, Arthur B. Chute ; Passaic, John Toole ; Salem, 
Frank J. Gazenta ; Somerset, James E. Bathgate ; Sussex, 
Martin W. Bowman ; Union, Lloyd Thompson ; Warren, 
A. G. Taylor. 

Fish and Game Commissioner — William A. Logue. 

State Board of Forestry — Elmer H. Smith." 

Geological Survey — Stephen Pfeil, George W. Wheeler, 
David A. Titsworth, William Libbey. 

State Board of Health — Herbert W. Johnson. 

Labor Department Commissioner — Lewis T. Bryant. 
State Board of Medical Examiners — William P. Watson, 
Horace G. Norton, J. Oliver McDonald, D. Webb Cranberry. 
State Board of Forestry — Elmer H. Smith. 
Nurse Examiners' Board — Mary E. Rockhill, Frances A. 
Dennis. 

Palisades Interstate Park — George Waldridge Perkins, 
Richard V. Lindabury. 



442 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Pilotage Commission — John R. Dewar, Benjamin Van 
Note, John J. Scully, William Maher, John Predmore. 

State Reformatory Board — Rev. John Handley, Michael 
T. Barrett. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission — Francis Child. 

Tenement House Supervision — Miles W. Beemer. 

Water Supply Commission — Mahlon Hoagland. 

Women's Reformatory — Mrs. "Uilliam Thayer Brown, Caro- 
line B. Alexander, Thomas A. Davis, Louis S. Thompson. 

State Home for Boys— Joseph P. Mitchell, Frank M. 
Donohoe. 

State Home for Girls — David T. Kenny, Harriet M. Spin- 
ning, Mrs. Howard Warren. 

State Village for Epileptics — Richard H. Moldenke, Wil- 
liam A. Clark. 

Home for Feehle-minded Women — Harry H Pond, Ida B. 
Phillips. 

Soldiers' Home (Vineland) — J. Howard Willets. 

Sanitorium for Tuberculous Diseases — Theodore W. Cor- 
win, Walter Kidde. 

Old Age Pension — Rev. Otis A. CJlazebrook. 

Port Warden, Hudson county. 

(Without the consent of the Senate.) 

Public Accountants — George Wilkinson. 

State Board of Pharmacy — Henry A. Jordan. 

State Board of Pharmacy — William E. Truex. 

Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners— James T. Glen- 
non, J. W. Haflfer. 

Oyster Commission, Maurice River Cove, &c. — Somers H. 
Iszard, Samuel W. Errickson. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund — Addison P. Poland, William 
R. Coddington. 

, Technical and Industrial Schools — Newark, Franklin 
Phillipps. Frederick L. Eberhardt ; Hohoken, Richard Stev- 
ens, Richard Beyer ; Trenton, John A. Campbell, Harry C. 
Taylor. 

Undertakers and Embalmers — Louis Pierce. 

Firemen's Home — Nine members. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 443 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



President — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey. 

Vice-President — Thomas R. Marshall, of Indiana. 

Secretary of State — William Jennings Bryan, of Nebraska. 

Secretary of the Treasury — William Gibbs McAdoo, of 
New York. 

Secretary of War — Lindley M. Garrison, of New Jersey. 

Attorney-General — James Clark McReynolds, of Tennessee. 

Postmastei'-General — Albert Sidney Burleson, of Texas. 

Secretary of the Navy — Josephus McDaniels, of North 
Carolina. 

Secretary of the Interior — Franklin Knight Lane, of Cali- 
fornia. 

Secretary of Agriculture — David Franklin Houston, of 
Missouri. 

Secretary of Commerce — William C. Redfleld, of New 
York. 

Secretary of Labor — William Bauchop Wilson, of Penn- 
sylvania. 

Chief Justice of Supreme Court — Edward Douglas White, 
of Louisiana. 

Associate Justices — Joseph McKenna, of California ; 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, of Massachusetts ; William R. Day, 
of Ohio ; Horace H. Lurton, of Tennessee ; Charles E. 
Hughes, of New York ; Willis Van Devanter, of Wyoming ; 
Joseph Rucker Lamar, of Georgia ; Mahlon Pitney, of New 
Jersey. 

SALARIES OF UNITED STATES OFFICIALS. 

President of the United States, $75,000 and an allowance 
of $25,000 for traveling expenses. 

Vice-President of the United States, $12,000. 

Members of the Cabinet, $12,000 each. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 
$15,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, $14,500 each. 

Circuit Judges, $7,000 each. 

District Judges, $6,000 each. 

Senators and Representatives in Congress, $7,500 each, 
together with an allowance of twenty cents per mile for 
traveling from their homes to Washington for each regular 
session of Congress and $125 per annum for stationery. 
Representatives in Congress are also entitled to $1,500 per 
annum for clerk hire necessarily employed by them in the 
discharge of their official and representative duties. 

The Speaker of the House, $12,000 per annum. 



444 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



SALARIES OF THE ARMY AND NAVY. 

The pay of officers in active service in the army is : 

Lieutenant-General, $11,000 a year ; Major-General, 
$8,000; Brigadier-General, $6,000; Colonel, $4,000; Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, $3,500 ; Major, $3,000 ; Captain, $2,400 ; 
First Lieutenant, $2,000, and Second Lieutenant, $1,700. 
From Colonel down the payment is increased every five 
years. 

In the navy the pay is : 

Admiral, $13,500; Rear Admiral, first nine, $8,000; sec- 
ond nine, $6,000; Captain, $4,000; Commanders, $3,500 
Lieutenant-Commanders $3,000 ; Lieutenants, $2,400 
Ensigns, $1,700 ; Midshipmen, $600. Officers buy their 
own clothing and equipment. 

OFFICERS OF THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Commander-in-Chief — Woodrow Wilson. 
Secretary of War — Lindley M. Garrison. 
Assistant Secretary of War — Henry S. Breckinridge. 

DEPARTMENT OF WAR. 

Major-Generals — Leonard Wood, J. Franklin Bell, 
Thomas H, Barry, William H. Carter, Arthur Murray, 
William W. Wotherspoon. 

Brigadier-Generals — Frederick Funston, Tasker H. 
Bliss, Albert L. Mills, John J. Pershing, Ramsay D. 
Potts, Montgomery M. Macomb, Robert K. Evans, Clar- 
ence R. Edwards, James Parker, Hunter Liggett, Hugh 
L. Scott. John P. Wisser, Thomas F. Davis, Eli D. Hoyle, 
Charles J. Bailey. 

GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMY. 

Major-General Leonard Wood, Chief of Staff; Major- 
General William W. Wotherspoon; Brigadier-Generals 
Albert L. Mills, Chief, Division Militia Affairs; Erasmus 
M. Weaver, Chief, Coast Artillery. 

DEPARTMENTAL STAFF. 

Brigadier-Generals George Andrews, The Adjutant- 
General; Ernest A. Garlington, Inspector-General; 
Enoch H. Crowder, Judge-Advocate-General; Major- 
General James B. Aleshire, Chief, Quartermaster 
Corps; Brigadier-Generals George H. Torney, Sur- 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 445 

geon-General; Dan C. Kingman, Chief of Engineers; 
William Crozier, Chief of Ordnance; George P. Scriven, 
Cliief Signal Officer; Frank Mclntyre, Chief, Bureau 
Insular Affairs. 

OFFICERS OF THE NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Secretary — Josephus Daniels. 

Assistant Secretary — Franklin D. Roosevelt. 

Admiral — George Dewey. 

Rear Admirals — Charles E. Vreeland, William H. H. 
Southerland, Vincendon L. Cottman, Thomas B. 
Howard, Walter C. Cowles, Austin M. Knight, Charles 
J. Badger, Reginald F. Nicholson, Charles B. T. Moore, 
Alfred Reynolds, Bradley A. Fiske, John R. Edwards, 
James M. Helm, Cameron McR. Winslow, Nathaniel R. 
Usher, Frank F. Fletcher, Frank E. Beatty, Robert M. 
Doyle, Wythe M. Parks, William B. Caperton, George 
S. Willits, Walter F. Worthin^ton, William N. Little, 
Clifford J. Boush, Henry T. Mayo. 

OFFICERS OF THE MARINE CORPS OF THE 
UNITED STATES. 

Major-General William Phillips Biddle, Commandant. 

Colonels — Charles H. Lauchheimer, Charles L. Mc- 
Cawley, George Richards, Littleton W. T. Waller, Ran- 
dolph Dickins, Lincoln Karmany, Charles A. Doyen, 
James E. Mahoney, George Barnett, Franklin J. Moses, 
Joseph H. Pendleton. 



446 U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 

. U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



(1789 to date.) 

FOR NEW JERSEY. 

The United States District Court was organized at New 
Brunswick, on Tuesday, December 22d, 1789. 

DISTRICT JUDGES. 



David Brearley 1789 

Robert Morris 1790 

William S. Pennington, 1817 

William Rossell 1826 

Mahlon Dickerson 1840 

Philemon Dickerson. ... 1841 
Richard S. Field 1863 



John T. Nixon 1870 

Edward T. Green 1889 

Andrew Kirkpatrick . . . 1896 
William M. Lanning. . . 1904 

Joseph Cross 1905 

John Rellstab 1909 



CLERKS. 

Jonathan Dayton 1789 Andrew Dutcher 1862 

Ralph H. Shreve 1863 

E. Mercer Shreve 1868 

Robert C. Bellville 1871 

William S. Bellville 1875 

Linsly Rowe 1882 



Andrew Kirkpatrick . . . 1790 

Robert Boggs 1791 

William Pennington 1817 

Joseph C. Potts 1840 

Edward N. Dickerson. .1844 

Philemon Dickerson, Jr.l853 George T. Cranmer 1893 



MARSHALS. 



Thomas Lowry 1789 

John Heard 1802 

Oliver Barnett 1802 

Oliver W. Ogden 1808 

Robert S. Kennedy 1849 

George H. Nelden 1853 

Benijah Deacon 1866 

W. Budd Deacon 1868 

DISTRICT 

Richard Stockton 1789 

Abraham Ogden 1782 

Lucius H. Stockton 1798 

George C. Maxwell 1802 

Joseph McUvaine 1804 

Lucius Q. C. Elmer 1824 

Garret D. Wall 1828 

James S. Green 1837 

William Halsted. 1849 

Garrit S. Cannon 1853 



Samuel Plummer 1869 

Robert L. Hutchinson. .1877 

W. Budd Deacon 1882 

A. E. Gordon 1886 

W. Budd Deacon 1889 

George Pfeiffer 1893 

Thomas J. Alcott 1897 

Albert Bollschweiler . . . . 1914 

ATTORNEYS. 

Anthony Q. Keasbey . . . 1861 

Job H. Lippincott 1886 

Samuel F. Bigelow 1887 

George S. Duryea 1888 

Henry S. White 1890 

John W. Beekman 1894 

J. Kearny Rice 1896 

David O. Watkins 1900 

John B. Vreeland 1903 

J. Warren Davis 1913 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 447 



PRESENT OFFICIALS. 



Circuit Justice Mahlon Pitney. 

fjoseph Buffington. 
Circuit Judges -<^ John B. McPherson. 

[George Gray. 

District Judge John Rellstab. 

District Judge See addenda. 

District Attorney J. Warren Davis. 

A • ^ 4- T^- 4. • . A^+ f Charles F. Lynch. 

Assistant District Attorneys | Walter H. Bacon. 

Marshal Albert Bollschweiler. 

JEdwin R. Semple. 
Deputy Marshals \ ^Z!L?, sTn^^i^en. 

I Philip Schmitz. 

Clerk of District Court George T. Cranmer. 

T^ .^, , ^T^. ..^^ ^ f Benjamin F. Havens. 
Deputy Clerks of District Court j charles S. Chevrier. 

Internal Revenue Collector — 1st Dis. . . Sec addenda. 
Internal Revenue Collector- -5th Dis. . See addenda. 

SENATORS AND CONGRESSMEN. 

United States Senators— James E. Martine, 1917 ; William 
Hughes, 1919. Salary, $7,500. 

Representatives in Sixty-third Congress — First district, 
William J. Browning ; Second district, J. Thompson Baker ; 
Third district. Thomas J. Scully ; Fourth district, Allan B. 
Walsh ; Fifth' district, William E. Tuttle, Jr. ; Sixth district, 
Archibald C. Hart; Seventh district, Robert G. Bremner ; 
Eighth district, Eugene F. Kinkead ; Ninth district, Walter 
I. McCoy ; Tenth district, Edward W. Townsend ; Eleventh 
district, John J. Eagan ; Twelfth district, James A. Hamill. 
Salary, $7,500. 



^4S STATE OFFICERS. 

STATE OFFICERS. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

Gorernor — James F. Fielder. 1917. 

Secretary to the Governor — L. Edward Herrmann. 

Executive Clerk — .lohn J. Farrell. 

STATE DEPARTMENT. 

Secretary of State — David S. Crater, 1917. 
Assistant Secretary — Job H. Lippincott, 1917. 
Chief Clerk — Frank Transue. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

State Treasurer — Edward E. Grosscup, 1916. 
Deputy Treasurer— John S. Ware. 
State Comptroller — Edward I. Edwards, 1917. 
Deputy Comptroller — Isaac Doughton. 

LAW DEPARTMENT. 

Attorney-General — Edmund Wilson, 1914. (See addenda.) 
Assistant Attorney-General — Nelson B. Gaskill, 1914. 
Second Assistant — Theodore Backes. 

Assistants to the Attorney-General — Francis H. McGee, 
Josiah Stryker. 

THE JUDICIARY. 

Court of Errors and Appeals — The Chancellor, the Chief 
Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court ; Judges John W. 
Bogert, 1915 ; William H. Vredenburgh, 1916 ; Joseph W. 
Congdon, 1915 ; John J. White, 1918 ; Henry S. Terhune. 
1919 ; Ernest J. Heppenheimer, 1919. Clerk, Secretary of 
State. 

CHANCERY. 

Court of Chancery — Chancellor, Edwin Robert Walker, 
1919 ; Vice-Chancellors, John R. Emery, 1916 : Frederic 
W. Stevens, 1917; Eugene Stevenson, 1915; Edmund B. 
Leaming, 1920 ; James E. Howell, 1914 ; Vivian M. Lewis, 
1919 ; John Griffin, 1920 ; John H. Backes, 1920. 

Ordinary and Surrogate-General — Edwin Robert Walker. 

Clerk in Chancery — Samuel K. Robbins, 1914. 

Deputy Clerk — Edward M. Appelgate. 

Chancery Reporter — James Buchanan, 1917. 



STATE OFFICERS. 449 



SUrREME COURT. 

Supreme Court — Cbief Tustice. William S. Gum mere, 
1915 ; Associate Justices, Charles G. Garrison. 1916 ; Fran- 
cis J. Swavze, 1917 : Thomas W. Trenchard, 1914 ; Charles 
W. Parker," 1914 ; James J. Bergen, 1914 ; Willard P. Voor- 
hees, 1915 ; James F. Minturn, 1915 ; Samuel Kalisch, 1918. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court — William C. Gebhardt, 1918. 

Deputy Clerk — Eugene Cowell. 

Law Reporter— Garret D. W. Vroom, 1918. 

CIRCUIT COURT. 
Circuit Court Judges — Frederic Adams. 1917 ; Ben.iamin 
A. Vail, 1914 ; Frank T. Lloyd, 1914 ; William H. Speer, 
1915 ; Charles C? Black, 1915 ; Nelson Y. Dungan, 1918 ; 
Howard Carrow, 1920.- 

PARDONS. 

Court of Pardons — Governor. Chancellor and Lay Judges 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals. Clerk, Secretary of 
State. Pardon Clerk, John J. Farrell. 

DISTRICT COURTS. 
District Court Judges — Atlantic City, Frank Smathers. 
1916 ; Bayonne, Peter Stilwell, 1916 ; Bergen county. First 
district, Englewood, Thomas J. Huckin, 1918 ; • Second dis- 
trict, Ridgewood and East Rutherford, Guy Leverne Fake, 
1914 ; Third district, Hackensack, Cornelius Doremus, 1914 ; 
Camden, William C. French, 1917 ; East Orange, Worrall 
F. Mountain, 1915 ; Elizabeth, Robert H. McAdams, 1918 ; 
Essex, First district, James P. Mylod, 1917 ; Hoboken, J. W. 
Rufus Besson, 1918 ; Hudson county. First district. North 
Bergen, James F. Clark, 1915 ; Morris county. Morristown. 
Oliver K. Day, 1915 ; Jersey City, John A. Blair, 1918 : 
ChaiHes L. Carrick, 1914; Newark. Cecil H. McMahon. 
1918 ; Thomas J. Lintott, 1915 ; New Brunswick, Freeman 
Woodbridge, 1916 ; Orange. Daniel A. Dugan, 1916 ; Pas- 
saic, W. Carrington Cabell, 1916 ; Ocean county, David A. 
Veeder, Toms River, 1918 ; Paterson, Joseph A. Delaney, 
1918; Plainfield, -Walter L. Hetfield, Sr., 1917; Perth 
Amboy, John W. Beekman, 1915 ; Somerset county, Somer- 
ville, Isaac P. Runyon, 1915 ; Trenton, Huston Dixon, 1915 ; 
Monmouth county, First district, Walter Taylor, Asbury 
Park, 1918 ; Second district, Jacob Steinbach, Jr., Long 
Branch, 1918. 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 
Commander-in-Chief — The Governor. 
Major-General — Dennis F. Collins. 
Adjutant-General — Wilbur F. Sadler, Jr. 

29 



450 STATE OFFICERS. 

Assistant Adjutant-General — Frederick Gilkyson. 

Deputy Adjutant-General — Austen Colgate. 

Quartermaster-General — Charles Edward Murray. 

Inspector-General of Rifle Practice — Bird W. Spencer. 

Inspector-General — Lewis T. Bryant. 

First Brigade — Brigadier-General Edwin W. Hine. 

Second Brigade — Brigadier-General John A. Mather. 

Chief Clerk, Adjutant-General — Lieutenant-Colonel John 
M. Rogers. 

Chief Clerk, Quartermaster-General — Major Samuel S. 
Armstrong. 

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. 

Trustees of. the School Fund — Governor, Secretary of 
State, Attorney-General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer 
and Commissioner of Education. 

State Board of Education — John P. Murray. Jersey City, 
1920 ; Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, Somerville, 1921 ; William 
G. Schauffler, Lakewood, 1915 ; D. Stewart Craven, Salem, 
1916 ; Edmund B. Oshorne, Montclair, 1917 ; John S. Van 
Dyke, Ne-w Brunswick, 1918 ; Melvin A. Rice, Red Bank, 
1919 ; Robert A. Sibbald, Park Ridge, 1914. 

Commissioner of Education — Calvin N. Kendall, Trenton, 
1916 ; Assistant Commissioners, J. Brognard Betts, Plain- 
field ; A. B. Meredith, Newark ; George A. Mirick, Trenton ; 
Lewis H. Carris, Newark. 

Principal State Normal and Model Schools, Trenton — 
James M. Green, Ph.D. ; Steward, John S. Neary. 

Principal ■ State Normal School, Montclair — Charles S. 
Chapin. 

Principal State Normal School, Newark — W. Spader Willis. 

Principal New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes — John P. 
Walker ; Steward, William G. Newcomb. 

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS. 

Atlantic, Henry M. Cressman, Egg Harbor City ; Bergen, 

B. C. Wooster, Hackensack ; Burlington, Herman A. Stees, 
Mount Holly ; Camden, Charles S. Albertson, Magnolia ; 
Cape May, Aaron W. Hand, Cape May ; Cumberland, J. J. 
Unger, Bridgeton ; Essex, 6. J. Morelock, Newark ; Glou- 
cester, Daniel T. Steelman, Glassboro ; Hudson, M. H. 
Kinsley, Hoboken ; Hunterdon, Jason S. Hoffman, Fleming- 
ton ; Mercer, Joseph M. Arnold, Princeton ; Middlesex, H. 
Brewster Willis, New Brunswick ; Monmouth, John Enright, 
Freehold ; Morris, J. Howard Hulsart, Morristown ; Ocean, 
Charles A. Morris, Toms River ; Passaic, Edward W. Garri- 
son, Paterson ; Salem, H. C. Dixon, Salem ; Somerset, H. 

C. Krelis, Somerville ; Sussex, Ralph Decker, Sussex ; Union, 
J. J. Savitz, Westfleld ; Warren, Franklin T. Atwood, Bel- 
videre. 



STATE OFFICERS. 451 

City Superintendents — Asbury Park, Fred S. Shepherd ; 
Atlantic City, C, B. Boyer, Supervising Principal ; Bayonne, 
J. Wesley Carr ; Bloomfield, George Morris ; Bordentown, 
H. V. Holloway ; Bridgeton, H. J. Neal ; Burlington, Wilbur 
Watts ; Camden, James E. Bryan ; East Orange, E. C. 
Broome ; Elizabeth, Richard E. Clement ; Englewood, 
Elmer C. Sherman ; Gloucester, W. F. Burns ; Hoboken, A. 
J. Demarest ; Irvington, Frank H. Morrell ; Jersey City, 
Henry Snyder ; Kearny, Herman Dressel ; Long Branch, 
Christopher Gregory ; Millville, Z. E. Scott ; Montclair, 
Don C. Bliss ; Morristown, Ira W. Travell ; Newark, Dr. A. 
B. Poland ; New Brunswick, G. H. Eckels ; Orange, James 
N. Muir ; Passaic, U. G. Wheeler ; Patersoh, J. R. Wilson ; 
Perth Amboy, S. E. ShuU ; Phillipsburg, Lewis O. Beers ; 
Plainfield, Henry M. Maxson ; Rahway, W. J. Bickett ; 
Salem, W. B. Davis ; Summit, Clinton S. Marsh ; Trenton, 
Ebenezer Mackey ; Town of Union, N. C. Billings ; West 
Hoboken, M. H. Kinsley. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

Commissioners — Governor, Chancellor, Chief Justice, 
Attorney-General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, t^omptroller 
and Commissioner of Education. 

State Librarian — Henry C. Buchanan, 19x4. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSIONERS. 

Moses Taylor Pyne, Princeton, 1916 ; William C. Kimball, 
Passaic, Chairman, 1915 ; Everitt T. Tomlinson, Elizabeth, 
1914 ; John Cotton Dana, Newark, 1917 ; Rev. Edmund J. 
Cleveland, Jersey City, 1918. Secretary, Henry C. Buchanan. 
Sarah B. Askew and Edna B. Pratt, Organizers, Trenton. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS AND DEPART- 
MENTS. 



ACCOUNTS, DEPARTMENT OF. 

(Office of the State Comptroller.) 

John J. Nevin, Jersey City ; John A. Smith, Camden ; 
Arthur F. McGrath, Jersey City ; William E. Maguire, 
Newark ; Joseph M. Coyle, Hoboken. 

ACCOUNTANTS, PUBLIC. 

George Wilkinson, Plainfleld, 1916; William T. Sawyer, 
Elizabeth, 1915 ; John E. Cooper, Montclair, 1914. 

AGRICULTURAL. 

State Board of Agriculture — President, Joseph S. Fre- 
linghuysen,' Somerville : Treasurer, Andrew J. Rider, Ham- 
monton ; Secretary, Franklin Dye, Trenton ; State Plant 
Pathologist, Dr. Mel T. Cook, New Brunswick ; State Ento- 
mologist, Dr. Thomas J. Headlee, New Brunswick. 

Commissioners of Agriculture College Fund — Governor, 
Secretary of State, Treasurer, Attorney-General and Comp- 
troller. 

STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 
(New Brunswick.) 

Board of Visitors — First district, Robert Siagrave, Salem ; 
Ephraim T. Gill, Haddonfield. Second district, Llewellyn 
Hildreth, Rio Grande ; Benjamin Lippincott, Riverton. 
Third district, James C. Richdale, Phalanx ; James Neilson, 
New Brunswick, Fourth district, Josiah T. Allinson, Yard- 
ville ; John R. Foster, Three Bridges. Fifth district, Robert 
C. Plume, Cranford ; Theodore F. King, Ledgewood. Sixth 
district, Arthur Lozier, Ridgewood ; Levi H. Morris, Newton. 
Seventh district, Thomas F. Morgan, Paterson ; Francis J. 
Morley, Little Falls. Eighth district, Edwin J. Ball, New- 
ark ; James McCarthy, Jersey City. Ninth district, George 
Smith, East Orange. Tenth district, George E. DeCamp, 
Roseland ; Henry Bacchus, Caldwell. Eleventh district, 
Henry A. Gaede, Hoboken ; Richard B. Meauy, Weehawken. 
Twelfth district, Addison T. Hastings, Jersey City ; John R. 
Hartung, Jersey City. All in 1915. 

Experiment Station No. 1 — President, W. H. S. Demarest ; 
Secretary and Treasurer, Irving S. Upson ; Director, Jacob 
G. Lipman. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. • 453 

College Experiment Station No. 2 — Board of Control, W. 
H. S. Demarest, Chairman ; William H. Leup, James Neilson, 
Philip M. Brett, Drury W. Cooper, John W. Herbert, all of 
New Brunswick ; Director, Jacob G. Lipman ; Chief Clerk, 
Irving S. Upson. 

ARCHITECTS, STATE BOARD. 
State Board of Architects — Charles P. Baldwin, President, 
Newark ; William A. Klemann, Secretary, Trenton ; Louis 
H. Broome, Jersey City ; George S. Drew, Grantwood ; 
Henry Brown, Beverly. All 1914. 

ASSESSORS, STATE BOARD OF. 

President, Charles E. Hendrickson, Jr., Jersey City, 1916 ; 
George L. Record, Jersey City, 1915 ; Dr. Isaac Barber, 
Phillipsburg, 1916 ; Frederic A, Gentieu, Pennsgrove, 1917. 
Secretary, Irvine E. Maguire. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 
Commissioner — George M. LaMonte, 1916. 
Deputy Commissioner — Thomas K. Johnston. 
Assistant Deputy — Christopher A. Goflf. 
Chief Clerk — Charles M. Bilderback. 
Chief, Building and Loan Division — Robert J. Thompson. 

BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 
Chief — George C. Lowe, Toms River, 1918. 
Deputy — James T. Morgan, Elizabeth. 

CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 
Commissioner — Joseph P. Byers, Trenton, 1915. 
Assistant and State Architect— George S. Drew, Trenton. 
Chief Clerk — Bessie E. Sutphin, Trenton. 

CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 

Board — Joseph. W\ McCrystal, Paterson, 1915 ; Caroline 
B. Alexander, President, Hoboken, 1919 ; Mary C. Jacobson, 
Newark, 1917 ; Benjamin F. Edsall, Secretary, Newark, 
1917 ; Robert L. Flemming, Jersey City, 1915 ; Cl;arles J 
Fisk, Plainfield, 1915 ; James Andrew Burns, Newark, 1919. 
Frances Day, Agent. 

.CIVIL SERVICE. 
Commissioners — Charles H. Bateman, President, Somer 
ville, 1914 ; Joseph S, Hoff, Princeton, 1915 ; Alexander R. 
Fordyce, Jr., West Orange, 1916 ; Edward H. Wright, 
Newark, 1917. Chief Examiner and Secretary, Gardner 
Colby, Newark. 



454 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

ENTOMOLOGIST, STATE. 
Di". J. T. Headlee, New Brunswick. 

EQUALIZATION OF TAXES, STATE BOARD. 
State Board — Prank B, Jess, Haddon Heights, President, 

1915 ; Blbomfield H. ■ Minch, Bridgeton, 1915 ; Alfred T. 
Holley, Hackensack, 1917 ; George T. Bouton, Jersey City, 
1918 ; Lucius T. Russell, Elizabeth, 1916. Clerk, Frank A. 
O'Connor, West Orange. 

COUNTY BOARDS.— Atlantic County — Thomas B. Wil- 
liams, Atlantic City, 1916 ; Frederick P. Somers, Oceanville, 
1915 ; Clifton C. Shinn, • Atlantic City, 1914. Secretary, 
Franz T. Voelker, Atlantic City. 

Bergen County — Edwin F. Carpenter, Ramsey, 1916 ; Wil- 
liam Conklin, Englewood. 1915 ; Henry D. Winton, Hacken- 
sack, 1914. Secretary, Van Voorst Wells, Hackensack. 

Burlington County — Walter T. Stewart, Mount Holly, 
1916; Richard P. Hughes, Florence, 1915; William F. 
Morgan, Palmyra, 1914. Secretary, Joseph C. Kaighn, 
Moorestown. 

Camden County — Francis D. Weaver, Camden, 1916 ; Wil- 
liam Schmid, East Camden, 1915 ; Charles A. McElhone, 
Gloucester City, 1914. Secretary, Hubert H. Pfeil, Camden. 

Cape May County — Wilbur E. Young, Anglesea, 1916 ; 
Oliver I. Blackwell, Wildwood, 1915 ; Michael H. Kearns, 
Cape May, 1914. Secretary, Harry C. Stites, Cape May 
Court House. 

Cumberland County — Edward H. Corson, Millville, 1916 ; 
George Hampton, Bridgeton, 1915 ; James Craig, Bridgetop, 
1914. Secretary, Samuel Iredell, Bridgeton. 

Essex County — Jerome T. Congleton, Newark, 1916 ; Wil- 
liam P. Macksey, East Orange, 1915 ; John B. Oelkers, 
Newark, 1914. Secretary, James A Mungle. 

Gloucester County — William H. Wolff, Swedesboro, 1916 ; 
Wilson T. Jones, Franklinville, 1915 ; Thomas C. Dilkes, 
Woodbury, 1914. Secretary, Thomas W. Hurff, Woodbury. 

Hudson County — Mark M. Fagan, Jersey City, 1916 ; 
Philip McGovern, Jersey City, 1915 ; Thomas B. Usher, 
Jersey City, 1914. Secretary, Joseph P. McLean, Jersey 
City. 

Hunterdon County — Charles N. Reading, Frenchtown, 

1916 ; John M Hawk, Flemington, 1915 ; James A. Cleary, 
Lambertville, 1914. Secretary, Henry B. Green, Flemington. 

Mercer County — E. Furman Hooper, Trenton, 1916 ; Al- 
fred K. Leuckel, Trenton, 1915 ; Frank R. Adams, Dutch 
Neck, 1914. Secretary, Harry C. Hartpence, Trenton. 

Middlesex County — George J. Haney, Perth Amboy, 1916 ; 
William C. Jaques, New Brunswick, 1915 ; William D. 
Voorhees, Perth Amboy, 1914. Secretary, J. Edward 
Harned, Woodbridge. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 455 

Monmouth County — Ruliff V. Lawrence, Freehold, 1916 ; 
Richard W. Herbert, Wickatunk, 1915 ; William K. Deve- 
reux, Asbury Park, 1914. Secretary, Charles L. Stout, 
Freehold. 

Morris County — Thomas Baker, Dover, 1916 ; George W. 
Weber, Madison, 1915 ; Edward A. Quayle, Morristown, 
1914. Secretary, Fred B. Barden, Madison. 

Ocean County — Arthur B. Clute, Lakewood, 1916 ; Corne- 
lius D. Kelly, West Creek, 1915; George C. Van Hise, Toms 
River, 1914. Secretary, U. S. Grant, Lakewood. 

Passaic County — John Toole, Paterson, 1916 ; William G. 
Bateman, Passaic, 1915 ; William B. Dill, Paterson, 1914. 
Secretary, Bernard Stafford, Paterson. 

Salem County — Frank J. Gaventa, Pedricktown, 1916 ; 
Clayton L. Batten, Pennsville, 1915 ; Charles Mecum, Salem, 
1914. Secretary, Charles F. Pancoast, Salem. 

Somerset County — James E. Bathgate. Basking Ridge, 
1916 ; Andrew E. Kenny, North Plainfield, 1915 ; Michael 
W. Scully, Bound Brook, 1914. Secretary, Charles P. Hoag- 
land, Somerville. 

Sussex County — Martin W. Bowman, Sussex, 1916 ; Rob- 
ert T. Johnson, Newton, 1915 ; S. Frank Quince, Sussex, 
1914. Secretary, Obadiah E. Armstrong, Newton. 

Union County — Lloyd Thompson, Westfield, 1916 ; John J, 
Collins, Elizabeth, 1915 ; Mulford M. Scudder, Westfield, 
1914. Secretary, John R. Connolly, Elizabeth. 

Warren County — A. G. Taylor, Phillipsburg, 1916; 
Michael Connlain, Phillipsburg, 1915 ; William J. Barker, 
Hackettstown, 1914. Secretary, Ulysses G. Pursell, Phil- 
lipsburg. 

FISH AND GAME DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioners — Ernest Napier, President, East Orange, 
1917 ; Percival Chrystie, High Bridge, 1914 ; William A. 
Logue, Treasurer, Bridgeton, 1916 ; William A. Faunce, 
Atlantic City, 1915. Secretary, Walter H. Fell, Trenton. 
Protector, James M. Stratton, Long Branch ; Assistant Pro- 
tector, Howard Mathis, New Gretna. Wardens, William B. 
Lodor, Egg Harbor City ; J. C. Reinbold, Hackensack ; 
Charles C. Morton, Mount Holly ; Charles W. Folker, Cam- 
den ; William Steel, Cape May Court House ; Fred S. Con- 
ner, Bridgeton ; George W. Phifer, Ormond ; Fred J. Hall, 
Bloomfield ; John H. Avis, Woodbury ; John J. Park, White 
House Staltion ; Harry M. Loveless, Trenton ; Charles 
Steuerwald, South Amboy ; Anson J. Rider, Tuckerton ; 
E. R. Davis, Salem ; J. B. Hendershott, Newton ; William 
Hoblitzell, Rahway ; H. E. Cudney, Washmgton ; E. C. 
Burtis, Asbury Park ; W. E. Young, Chester ; H. W. D. 
White, Pennsville ; C. E. Welsh, East Millstone ; Phineas 
K. Hilliard, Manahawkin ; James H. Everinham, Bayville ; 
Otis C. Small, Hammonton. 



456 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC 



FORESTRY, STATE BOARD. 

The Governor, President ex-ofBcio ; Henry B. Kummel, 
Executive Officer ; William W. Smalley. Bound Brook, 1915 : 
Elmer H. Smitb. Salem, 1916 ; Charles L. Pack, Lakewood, 
1914; Alfred Gaskill, Forester and Secretary, Trenton: 
Assistant Forester, James O. Hazard ; Charles P. Wilber, 
State Fire Warden. 

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. 

Board of Managers — The Governor, ex-offlcio. 

Members at Large — John C. Smock. Trenton. 1918 ; David 
E. Titsworth, Plainfield, 1916 ; T. Frank Appleby, Asbury 
Park, 1915 ; Harrison Van Duyne. Newark. 1917 ; William 
Libbey, Princeton, 1916 ; Alfred A. Woodhull, Princeton, 
1914 ; Frank Vanderpool, Orange. 1914. 

First district, Stephen Pfeil. Camden, 1916 ; Second dis- 
trict, P. Kennedy Reeves, Bridgeton, 1917 ; Third district, 
Henry S. Washington, Locust. 1914; Fourth district, Wash- 
ington A. Roebling, Trenton, 1918 ; Fifth district. Frederick 
A. Canfield, Dover, 1915 ; Sixth district. George W. Wheeler, 
Hackensack, 1916 ; Seventh district, John H. Cannon, Pat- 
erson, 1918 ; Eighth district. George F. Reeve. Newark, 
1918 ; Ninth district, Edward H. Dutcher. East Orange, 
1914 ; Tenth district, Herbert M. Lloyd, Montclair, 1917 ; 
Eleventh district. Clarence G. Meeks, Weehawken. 1915 ; 
Twelfth district. Joseph D. Bedle, Jersey City, 1918, 

State Geologist — Henry B. Kummel, Trenton. 

Assistant State Geologist — Mayville W. Twitchell. Trenton. 

Chemist — Robert B. Gage. Trenton. 

HEALTH, STATE BOARD. 

John H. Capstick, Montville, President, 1914 ; Dr. Jacob 
Cole Price. Branchville. Secretary, 1919 : Richard Cole 
Newton. Montclair. 1917 ; Herbert W. Johnson. Camden. 
1916; William H. Chew, Salem, 1915; Oliver Kelly, Oak 
Tree, 1918. 

Department Chiefs — Vital Statistics, David S. South : 
Sanitary and Medical Inspection, Dr. A. C. Hunt ; Food 
and Drugs. R. B. FitzRandolph ; Creameries and Dairies, 
George W. McGuire ; Sewerage and Pollution, Francis E. 
Daniels. Assistant Secretary. A. Clark Hunt, M.D. Chief 
Clerk, Chas. J. Merrell. 

HOSPITALS, STATE. 

Board of Managers at Morris Plains — James M. Buckley, 
President, Morristown, 1914 : John C. Eisele, Newark, 1914 ; 
Albert Richards. Dover. 1917 ; Dr. John Nevin, Jersey City, 



BOARDS, BUREAUS. ETC. 457 

1914 ; Patrick J. Ryan, Elizabeth, 1914 ; John T. Gillson, 
Paterson, 1917; George W. Jagle, Newark, 1914; W. L. R. 
Lynd, Dover, 1917. 

Board of Managers at Trenton — Garret D, .v^. Vroom, 
President, Trenton, 1914 ; Joseph H. Moore, Hopewell, 1918 ; 
Luther M. Halsey, Williamstown, 1917 ; Arthur D. Forst, 
Trenton. 1914 ; J. Lyle Kinmouth, Asbury Park, 1917 ; 
Stewart' Paton, Princeton, 1917 ; Dr. George T. Tracy, 
Beverly, 1917 ; Dr. Joseph E. Raycroft, Princeton, 1917. 

OflScers at Morris Plains — Medical Director, Britton D. 
Evans, M.D. ; Treasurer, Harrison P. Lindabury ; Warden, 
Orlando M. Bowen ; Secretary, Henry W. Buxton. 

Officers at Trenton — Medical Director, Dr. Harry A. Cot- 
ton, M.D. ; Treasurer, Harvey H, Johnson ; Warden, Samuel 
T, Atchley ; Secretary, Scott Scammell. 

LABOR DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner — Lewis T. Bryant, Trenton, 1916. 

Assistant Commissioner — John I. Holt, Trenton. 1914. 

Inspectors — William J. Crowley, Jersey City ; James E. 
Stanton, Sussex ; James H. Tallon, Trenton ; Henry 
Kuehnle, Egg Harbor City ; William Schlachter, Orange ; 
George J. Jaeger, Newark ; William Baird, Vineland ; Ed- 
ward M. Hotchkiss, Newark : William J. E. Seder, Newark ; 
John Roach, Irvington ; Harry J. Goas, East Orange ; 
August Graf, Hoboken ; Crowell Haslett, Jersey City ; 
Charles V. Duffy, Paterson ; Joseph Spitz, Passaic ; George 
J. Speidel, Elizabeth; Patrick J. Hayes, Jersey City. Spe- 
cial — Thomas McHugh, Newark. Female Inspectors — Mary 
F. Van Leer, Passaic ; Laura W. Moore, Camden ; Lydia E. 
Sawyer, Newark. Structural Iron Expert — Charles H. 
Weeks, South Orange. Electrical Engineer — Roland W. 
Leveredge. Plainfield. Mechanical Engineer, Leonard W. 
Gavett, Plainfield. 

MEDICAL, DENTISTRY, PHARMACY AND VETER- 
INARIAN. 

State Board Medical Examiners — Edward Hill Baldwin, 
Newark. President. 1915 : William P. Watson, Jersey City, 
1916 ; Horace G. Norton, Trenton, 1916 ; Davis P. Borden, 
Paterson. 1914 ; Alexander Marcy, Jr.. Riverton. 1915 ; 
John J. Mooney, Jersey City, 1915 ; F. W. Cornwell, Plain- 
field, 1914 ; Alexander McAllister, Camden, 1914 ; J. Oliver 
McDonald. Trenton, 1916 ; D. Webb Cranberry, East 
Orange, 1916. 

State Board of Dentistry — W. E. Truax, President. Free- 
hold, 1916 ; Charles P. Tuttle. Camden, 1918 ; H. S. Sutphin, 
Newark, 1915 ; Cornelius Kiel, Hoboken, 1914 ; Vernon D. 
Rood, Morristown, 1917. 

State Board of Pharmacy — Henry A. Jordan, Bridgeton, 



458 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

1916 ; Lewis W. Brown. Englewood, 1917 ; David Strauss, 
Elizabeth, 1914 ; Bloomfield H. Hulick, Asbury Park, 1915 ; 
Frederick A. Bongartz, Jersey City, 1918. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners — George 
Smith, Jersey City, 1915 ; Robert Dickson, Fairhaven, 
1914 ; William Fitzpatrick, Burlington, 1914 ; James T. 
Glennon, Newark, 1916 ; J. W. Haffer, Paterson, 1916. 

MOTOR VEHICLE DEPARTMENT. 
Commissioner — Job H. Lippincott. 
Chief Inspector — Edward Johnson. 

MUSEUM, STATE. 

Commissioners — The State Geologist, State Commissioner 
of Education, the President of the State Board of Agricul- 
ture, President of the Senate and Speaker of the Assembly. 
Curator, S. R. Morse, Atlantic City. 

NURSES. 
Board of Examiners — President, Marietta B. Squire, New- 
ark, 1914 ; Frances A. Dennis, Newark, 1916 ; Mary E. 
Rockhill, Camden, 1916 ; Secretary-treasurer, Jennie M. 
Shaw, Newark, 1915 ; Florence Dakin, Paterson, 1915. 

OYSTER COMMISSIONS. 

State Oyster Commission for Maurice River Cove and 
Delaware Bay — Addington B. Campbell, New Port, 1915 ; 
Walter C. Riggin, Port Norris, 1915 ; Summers H. Iszard, 
Rio Grande, 1916 ; Samuel W. Errickson, Leesburg, 1916. 
Superintendent. A. T. Bacon, Mauricetown. 

The Oyster Commission for the District of Ocean County — 
Abram Jones, West Creek, 1915 ; Frank Frazier, Tuckerton, 
1915 ; George W. Hollingsworth, Barnegat, 1915. 

Oyster Superintendent for District of Ocean County — 
George A. Mott, Tuckerton, 1915. 

Oyster Commissioner, District of Shark River — Henry A. 
Bennett, Neptune City, 1914. 

Oyster Superintendent, Atlantic County — Samuel W. Gib- 
erson, 1914. 

Oyster Commissioners — Atlantic county, William Bab- 
cock, Steelmanville, 1914 ; C. Pittman Hammel, Absecon, 
1914 ; David F. Cavileer, 1914. 

The State Bureau of Shell Fisheries — Chief, Charles R. 
Bacon, Camden, 1915. 

PALISADES INTERSTATE PARK. 

Commissioners — George Waldridge Perkins, New York 
City, 1916 ; Nathan F. Barrett, New Rochelle, N. Y., 1915 ; 
Edward L. Partridge, New Y'ork City, 1917 ; Edwin A. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 459 

Stevens, Hoboken, 1915 ; J. DuPratt White, Nyack, N. Y., 
1914 ; Franklin W. Hopkins, Alpine, 1914 ; William H. 
Porter, New York City, 1918 ; Frederick Sutro, Basking 
Ridge, 1918 ; Charles W. Baker, Montclair, 1917 ; Richard 
V. Lindabury, Newark, 1916. 

PILOTAGE COMMISSION. 

Commissioners (office, 17 State street, New York City) — 
John R. Dewar, Jersey City, 1916 ; Benjamin Van Note, 
Lakewood, 1916; John W. Borden, Little Silver, 1914; John 
J. Scully, South Amboy, 1916 ; William Maher, Hoboken, 
1916 ; John Predmore, Barnegat, 1916. 

POLICE JUSTICES. 
Orange — Edward W. Woodman, 1914. 
South Orange — Edward McDqoiough, 1917. 

POWER VESSELS. 

Inspectors — Chief, Ernest F. Flowers, Landing, 1916 ; 
Assistant, Patrick J. McDermott, Jersey City, 1916. 

PRISON, STATE— TRENTON. 

Head Keeper — Thomas B. Madden, 1917. 

Supervisor — Joseph P. McCormack, 1915. 

Inspectors — Jacob Shurts, Somerville ; John F. Clark, 
Newark ; Walter M. Dear, Jersey City ; Caleb Van Husan 
Whitbeck, Hackensack ; B. Frank Hires, Bridgeton ; Harry 
W. Jones, Franklinville. All in 1914. 

Board of Parole — The principal Keeper, resident physi- 
cian and moral instructor. Parole Agent, William J. Mc- 
Laughlin. 

PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSIONERS. 

Ralph W. E: Donges, Camden, President, 1919 ; Thomas J.* 
Hillery, Boonton, 1915 ; Winthrop More Daniels, Princeton, 
1917. Counsel, Frank H. Sommer, Newark; Assistant Coun- 
sel, Grover C. Richman, Camden ; Secretary, Alfred N. Bar- 
ber, Trenton. Inspectors — Philander Betts, Montclair (Chief 
Utilities Division) ; Charles D. McKelvey (Chief Railroad 
Division), Paterson ; James Maybury, Jr., Clifton; Charles 
A. Mead, Upper Montclair ; Winslow B. Ingham, Salem ; 
Henry S. Lyon, Newark ; Peter J. Kerwin, Paterson ; G. Ae 
Irving, Jr., Newark ; Ed. B. Annette, Bayonne. 

REFORMATORY, STATE— RAHWAY. 

George W. Fortmeyer, East Orange, 1914 ; Freeman 
Woodbridge, New Brunswick, 1917 ; Decatur M. Sawyer, 
Montclair, 1915 ; Foster M. Voorhees, Elizabeth, 1915 ; 



460 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

Edward D. Duffleld, South Orange, 1917 ; Rev. John Hand- 
ley, Ocean Grove, 1916 ; Michael T. Barrett, Newark, 1916 ; 
Frank M. Stillman, Rahway, ad in. The Governor is an 
ex-oflacio memher. Frank Moore, Superintendent, 1914 ; 
Deputy Superintendent, Richard F. Cross ; Chief Parole 
Oflficer, Charles S. Moore ; Field Parole Officer, Benjamin 
H. Crosby. 

RAILROADS, JOINT COMPANIES. 
State Director — Robert D. Foote, Morristown, 1914. 

REPORTS, PUBLIC DEPARTMENT. 
Commissioner — Thomas B. Holmes, Trenton, 1914. 

RIPARIAN BOARD. 

Commissioners — The Governor, President ; Michael F. 
McLaughlin, Newark, 1914 ; Joseph A. Birkholz, East 
Orange, 1914 ; J. Ward Richardson, Bridgeton, 1915 ; Erwin 
E. Marshall, Trenton, 1918. Secretary and "Engineer, John 
C. Payne, Jersey City. 

ROADS, PUBLIC, DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner — Edwin August Stevens, Hoboken, 1914. 
Supervisor — Robert A. Meeker, Plainfield. 

SEWERAGE, PASSAIC VALLEY COMMISSION. 

Francis Child, Newark, 1916 ; Peter Hauck, Harrison, 
1915; William MacKenzie, Carlton Hill, 1914; Frank J. 
Van Noordt, Paterson, 1918 ; John F. Sinnott, Newark, 1917. 
Secretary, John S. Gibson, Newark. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

The Governor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller. 
Custodian of the State House and Public Grounds — John 
W. Weseman. Assistant — Charles E. Satterthwait. 

TEACHERS' RETIREMENT FUND. 

Trustees — Calvin N. Kendall, Trenton, President ; Edward 
E. Grosscup, Trenton, Treasurer ; Addison P. Poland, New- 
ark, 1916 ; William R. Codington, Plainfield, 1916 ; James 
E. Bryan, Camden, 1917 ; Elizabeth A. Allen, Hoboken, 
Secretary, 1914 ; Miss Emily Potter, Newark, 1914 ; Miss 
Sophie M. Braun, Elizabeth, 1915 ; John Scott Davison, 
Paterson, 1915 ; William G. Bumstead, Jersey City, 1917. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 461 



TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS. 

Trustees Newark Technical School — John B. Stabaeus, 
1914 ; Herbert T. Gleason, 1914 ; Samuel E. Robertson, 
1915 ; John A. Furman, 1915 ; Franklin Phlllipps, 1916 ; 
Frederick L. Eberhardt, 1916 ; Peter Campbell, 1917 ; 
Abraham Rothschild, 1917. 

Trustees Industrial Education, Hoboken — John Henry 
Cuntz, 1914 ; William L. E. Keuffel, 1914 ; Edward H. 
Horwood, 1915 ; Richard Stevens, 1916 ; Mrs. C. V. Alex- 
ander, 1917 ; James Smith, 1917 ; Rufus W. Besson, 1915 ; 
E. H. Horwood, 1915; Richard Beyer, 1916. 

Board of Trustees of Industrial Education, Trenton — 
Frederick H. Clark. 1917; Edward C. Stover, 1917; Her- 
man C. Mueller, 1914 ; Harry C. Taylor, 1916 ; Garret D. 
W. Vroom, President, 1914 ; Charles Howell Cook, 1915 ; 
John S. Broughton, 1915; John A. Campbell, 1916. AH 
December 30th. Robert C. Belville, Secretary. 

TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION, BOARD. 

John A. Campbell, President, Trenton, 1915 ; James M. 
Stewart, Paterson, 1917 ; Clinton Mackenzie, Elizabeth, 
1914 ; Miles W. Beemer, Jersey City, 1916 ; John J. Berry, 
Newark, 1918. Secretary, Captain Charles J. Allen, Newark. 

UNDERTAKERS AND EMBALMERS, BOARD. 

John F. Martin, Elizabeth, Secretary, 1915 ; Bernard F. 
Schroeder, Camden, 1915 ; John A. Maxwell. Somerville, 
1915 ; Herbert P. Margerum, Trenton, 1915 ; Louis Pierce, 
Bridgeton, 1916. 

WATERWAYS, INLAND. 

Commissioner — William A. Maupay, Atlantic City, 1918. 
Engineer — rHenry J. Sherman, Camden. 

WATER SUPPLY COMMISSIONERS. 

Harry R. Humphreys, Camden, 1915 ; George F. Wright, 
Paterson, President, 1914 ; Mahlon L. Hoagland, Rock- 
away, IblQ ; Elmer H Geran, Matawan, 1917 ; Charles A. 
Meyer, Andover, 1918. Secretary, Charles H. Folwell, 
Mount Holly. Morris R. Sherrerd, Engineer. 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

State Superintendent — William L. Waldron, Trenton, 1917. 
. Assistants — Robert Lang, Jr., Jersey City ; Charles E. 
Brown, East Orange ; J. Frank Fowler, Trenton. 



462 HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 



HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 



BOYS, STATE HOME FOR. 

Jamesburg. 

Trustees — Arthur D. Chandler, Orange, 1915 ; Martin C. 
Ribsam, Trenton, 1915 ; Joseph P. Mitchell, Jersey City, 
1916 ; John E. Gill, Trenton, 1914 ; George M. Lamont, 
Bound Brook, 1914 ; Frank M. Donohoe, President, New 
Brunswick, 1916. Superintendent, John C. Kalleen. 

GIRLS, STATE HOME FOR. 

Trenton. 

Trustees — Robert M. Anderson, Princeton, 1914 ; David T. 
Kenney, Plainfleld, 1916 ; Harriet M. Spining, South Orange, 

1916, President; Mrs. Howell C. Stull, Secretary, Trenton, 
1914 ; James Baker, Jersey City, Treasurer, 1914 ; Herbert 
M. Bailey, Hackensack, 1915 ; Mrs. Howard Warren, Prince- 
ton, 1916 ; Theodore D. GottlieD, Newark, 1915 ; Miss Sarah 
Conover, Princeton, ad in. Superintendent, Mrs. Elizabeth 
V. H. Mansell. Parole Officers, Miss Nellie F. Dullard, Tren- 
ton ; Mrs. Bertha Clark, Newark. 

EPILEPTICS, VILLAGE FOR. 

(Henry M. Weeks Hospital.) 

Skillman Station (Somerset county). 

Herman F. Moosbrugger, President. Somerville, 1914 ; 
Jonas A. Fuld, Secretary, Trenton, 1915 ; Richard H. Mol- 
denke, Somerville, 1916 ; Georgiana Doane Collard, Treas- 
urer, Jersey City, 1917 ; Dr. William A. Clark, Trenton, 
1916 ; Dr. J. M. Carnochan, Princeton, 1915 ; John Edward 
Clark, New Brunswick, 1914 ; Mrs. Prank Hyde, Plainfleld, 

1917. Superintendent, Dr. David F. Weeks. Steward, Wil- 
liam H. Schultz. 

FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 
Vineland. 

New Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Girls and 
Boys, Vineland. Directors — Governor, ex-offlcio ; D. Wilson 
Moore, Colorado Springs, 1915 ; Bleecker Van Wagenen, 
New York, 1915 ; Thomas J. Smith, M.D., Bridgeton, 1915 ; 
George Davidson, Vineland, 1916 ; Rev. H. H. Beadle, 
Bridgeton, 1916 ; E. E. Read, Jr., Camden, 1916 ; Milton J. 



HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 463 

Greenman, Philadelphia, 1917 ; W. Graham Tyler, Philadel- 
phia, 1917 ; Charles Keighley, Vineland, 1917 ; P. P. Baker, 
Vineland, 1914 ; Charles A. Reynolds, Camden, 1914 ; How- 
ard L. Branson, Vineland, 1916 ; E. C. Stokes, Millville, 
1914 ; Samuel Fels, Philadelpnia, 1917 ; R. Bayard Cutting, 
New York, 1917 ; Maurice B. Ayars, Salem, 1917. Officers 
of the Board — Philip P. Baker, President; W. Graham 
Tyler, Vice-President ; George Davidson, Treasurer ; Ed- 
ward R. Johnstone, Secretary and Superintendent. Board 
of Lady Visitors — Mrs. Thomas J. Craven, Salem, President, 
1917 ; Mrs. Charles Keighley, Vice-President, Vineland, 
1914 ; Mrs. Fanny A. Sheppard, Greenwich, Secretary, 1914 ; 
Miss Susan N. Warrington, Moorestown, Treasurer, 1914 ; 
Miss Rachel E. Allinson, Yardville, 1915 ; Miss Julia 
Frame, Bridgeton, 1917 ; Mrs. Edward P. Shields, Bridgeton, 
1917 ; Mrs. William H. Skirm, Atlantic City, 1915 ; Mrs. 
John Moore, Clayton, 1915; Mrs. F. J. Collier, Collings- 
wood, 1915 ; Miss Bessie K. Hires, Salem, 1917 ; Mrs. John 
Grier Hibben, Princeton, 1917 ; Mrs. Eliza W. Newell, Mill- 
ville, 1915. 

FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

Vineland. 

Board of Managers — Mrs. Annie E. Gile, Bloomfleld, 1915 ; 
George B. Thorn, Treasurer, Crosswic^s, 1918 ; Harry H. 
Pond, President, Vineland, 1916 ; Richard C. Jenkinson, 
Newark, 1915 ; William J. Dawson, Wenonah, 1918 ; Mrs. 
Bloomfleld H. Minch, Bridgeton, 1918 ; Ida B. Phillips, 
Secretary, Trenton, 1916 ; Dr. Madeleine A. Hallowell, 
Supervisor and Medical Director. 

FIREMEN'S HOME. 

Boonton. 

Managers — James K. Manning, Chairman. Elizabeth ; 
Egbert Seymonr, Bayonne ; Bird W. Spencer. Passaic ; 
Joseph H. Firth, Phillipsburg ; John A. Danuer, Perth 
Amboy ; Elias K. Leslie, Trenton, Secretary ; John Kennell, 
Passaic ; John Conway, Jersey City ; John Towey, Newark. 
All in 1916. The State Comptroller and Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance are members ex-officio. Superintend- 
ent, Charles E. McCraith, Newark. 



INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL (COLORED). 

Bordentown. 

James M. Gregory, A.M., Principal ; J. Francis Gregory, 
Assistant Principal and teacher of English ; Leroy Morgan, 
Carpentry ; Geo. W. Clark, Agriculture ; Lucy I. Manning, 
Cooking ; Mabel Baugh, Sewing ; Justin Felts, Printing ; 



464 HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 

Georgiana Shannon, Geography and Chemistry ; E. P. Rob- 
inson, Mathematics ; William H. Shipps, M.D., School Physi- 
cian, and Clarence Yeager, Farmer. 

SOLDIERS, HOME FOR DISABLED. 
Kearny, HudsDn county, Is. J. 

Managers — Captain R. Wayne Parker, President, x>ewark ; 
Colonel Henry Auers, M.D., Treasurer, Harrison ; General 
Edwin W. Hine. Newark ; General Josepa H. Brensinger, 
Jersey City ; Peter F. Rogers, Kearny. 

Officers — Adjutant and Acting Superintendent. Richard J. 
Drever ; Quartermaster, George C. Chandler ; Surgeon, 
Eugene H. Goldberg, M.D. ; Chaplain, Rev. John D. Fer- 
guson. 

SOLDIERS, DISABLED, SAILORS, MARINES AND 

THEIR WIVES. 

Yin el and. 

Managers — Amos R. Dease, President, Camden, 1914 ; John 
C. Patterson. Ocean Grove, 1915 ; J. Howard Willets, Port 
Elizabeth, 1916 ; Charles P. Brown, Trenton, 1914 ; Cyrus 
F. Osgood, Hammouton, 1914 ; Commandant, John Shields ; 
Adjutant, Ed. P. Southwick ; Surgeon, John S. Halsey ; Ma- 
tron, Emma J. Southwick. 

TUBERCULOUS DISEASES, SANITORIUM FOR. 

Glen Gardner (Hunterdon county). 

Board of Managers — William H. Kensinger, Camden, 1915 ; 
Frederick J. Hughes, North Plainfield, 1914 ; Elmer Howard 
Loomis, Princeton, 1915 ; Edwin J. Burke, Secretary and 
Treasurer. Trenton, 1917 ; Theodore W. Corwin, Newark. 
1916 : Mrs. Knox Taylor. High Bridge. 1914 ; Walter Kiddie. 
Montclair. 1916 ; Dr. Frederick C. Low. High Bridge. 1917. 
Medical Director, Dr. Samuel B. English ; Assistant, Dr. 
Henry B. Dunham. 

WOMEN'S REFORMATORY COMMISSION. 

Knox Taylor, High Bridge, 1915 : Mrs. William Thayor 
Brown, East Orange, Secretary. 1916 ; Mrs. .James F. 
Fielder. Jersey City, 1914 ; Caroline B. Alexander. Hoboken, 
1916 ; Thomas A. Davis, Orange. 1916 : Lewis S. Thompson. 
Red Bank. 1916 ; Anna I. La Monte, Bound Brook, 1915 ; 
Alfred G. Evans, Madison, 1914. 



COMMISSIONS. 465 



COMIVllSSIONS. 



ARCHIVES AND PUBLIC RECORDS. 

Chancellor Walker, 1919, Chairman ; Francis B. Lee, 1915 ; 
William Nelson, 1917. Secretary, Lewis Perrine. 

BLIND, TO AMELIORATE CONDITION OF. 

Dr. Norton L. Wilson, Elizabeth, 1915 ; William Felloes 
Morgan, Short Hills, 1915 ; C. Rudolph Diefenbach, Jersey 
City, 1914 ; Mrs. Alfred T. Beckett, Salem, 1915 ; Mrs. 
Ellis P. Earle, Newark, i:,.x5. 

CONVICT LABOR. 

Senator William W. Smalley, Somerville ; Fred G. Stickel, 
Jr., Newark ; Joseph P. Byers, Trenton ; Edwin A. Stevens, 
Hoboken ; Thomas B. Madden, Trenton ; Henry F. Hilfers, 
Newark ; Henry Crist, Woodbury ; Jacob C. Price, Branch- 
ville. 

DELAWARE RIVER BRIDGE. 

John A. Campbell, President, Trenton ; Reginald W. Dur- 
nell, Phillipsburg ; Phineas K. Hazen, Lambertville. Secre- 
tary, Frank Barkley, Lambertville. 

EAST JERSEY PROPRIETORSHIP. 

John D. Prince, Ringwood; Frankland Briggs, Newark; 
Heulings Lippincott, Camden 

ECONOMY AND EFFICIENCY. 

Walter E. Edge, Atlantic City : James F. O'Melia, Secre- 
tary ; Isaac T. Nichols, Bridgeton ; Walter L. McDermott, 
Jersey City ; Samuel Ludlow, Jr., Jersey City ; William 
Kraft and William E. Mount, Euglishtown. Clerk, Howard 
B. Tindall, Trenton. 

EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION. 

Robert A. Messier, Thomas D. Sensor and Rev. William 
L. Roundtree, Trenton ; George Hampton, Bridgeton ; 
William Riddle, Atlantic City ; Rev. A. Mark Harris, Jer- 
sey City ; Dr. Clement T. Branch, Camden. Chief Organ- 
izer, Rev. Solomon P. Hood, Trenton. 

30 



466 COMMISSIONS 



EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY. 

William Dickson, Montclair ; Walter E. Edge, Atlantic 
City ; J. William Clark, Newark ; Samuel Botterill, East 
Orange ; John C. Cosgrove, Elizabeth ; Edward K. Mills, 
Morristown. All 1915. 

FORT NONSENSE PARK COMMISSION. 

Mrs. George R. Beach, Jersey City ; Mrs. Willard W. 
Cutler, Morristown ; Mrs. George M. La Monte, Bound 
Brook ; Mrs. David H. Rowland, Plainfield ; Mrs. Charles 
Scribner, Morristown ; Mrs. Henry S. White, Red Bank ; 
Eugene S. Burke, Morristown ; Samuel S. Childs, Bernards- 
ville ; William F. Groves, Elizabeth ; Frederick W. Hope, 
Red Bank ; John D. Hopper, Paterson ; James E. Hulshizer, 
Bernardsville ; Edward B. Kelly, Dover ; James J. Lyons, 
Morristown ; Edward P. Meany, Convent ; William E. 
Mount, Englishtown ; Franklin Murphy, Newark ; Edward 
D, Neighbour, Dover ; Henry B. Neise, Jersey City ; Frank 
A. Phillips, Lawrenceville ; John D. Probst, Englewood ; 
Daniel S. Voorhees, Morristown ; Francis S. Woodruff, Mor- 
ristown. 

HIGHWAY COMMISSION. 

Governor, President of the Senate, Speaker of the House 
and Public Road Commissioner. 

IMMIGRATION. 

Robert A. Franks, Orange ; William Felloes Morgan, Short 
Hills ; Robert Fleming, Jersey City. Secretary, Alexander 
Cleland. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 

George It. Howe, President, Newark ; George G. Tennant, 
Jersey City ; William A. Bainbridge, Roselle Park ; John 
W. Ferguson, Paterson ; Ferdinand W. Roebling, Jr., Tren- 
ton. Secretary, Albert a. Snowden, Newark. 

LAND MARKS PRESERVATION. 

Ernest R. Ackerman, Plainfield ; Isaac T. Nichols, Bridge- 
ton ; William C. Gebhardt, Clinton ; George M. La Monte, 
Bound Brook ; Henry E. Newman, Lakewood ; Thomas R. 
Layden, Paterson. 

LIVE STOCK. 

Dr. Jacob G. Lipman, New Brunswick ; Samuel S. Con- 
over, Harrisonville ; Fred C. Minkler, Secretary, New 
Brunswick ; Ephraim T. Gill, Haddonfleld ; Dr. Matthew 
Pierce, Paterson. 



COMMISSIONS. 467 



MENTAL DEFECTIVES COMMISSION. 

Joseph P. Byers, Trenton ; Dr. Stewart Patton, Prince- 
ton ; Dr. John L. Nevin, Jersey City ; Edmund E. Read, 
Jr., Camden ; Edward D. Page, Oakland. 

MECHANICS' LIEN LAW REVISION. 

Frank H. Genung, Newark ; Arthur Quinn, Perth Amhoy ; 
James G. Blauvelt, Paterson ; William E. Tuttle, Westfield. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 

Members — Comptroller of the Treasury, Adjutant-General, 
Quartecmaster-General, President of Senate, Speaker of 
House of Assembly, Theodore W. Morris, President ; James 
T. Burtis, Treasurer ; John B, Conover ; Joseph A. Yard, 
Secretary, Freehold. 

MORRIS CANAL ABANDONMENT. 

John W. Wescott, Camden ; Charles H. Ingersoll, East 
Orange ; Foster F. Birch, Dover ; John I. Blair Reiley, 
Phillipsburg ; C. Howard Slater, Jersey City ; Henry M. 
Doremus, Newark ; Carlton Godfrey, Atlantic City ; Man- 
gold H. Ellenbogan, Paterson ; Fred G. Stickel, Jr., Newark ; 
Albert F. Ganz, Hoboken ; William Libbey, Princeton ; Jan 
D. Ely, Marlboro. 

NEW JERSEY SHIP CANAL. 
Walter Wood, Camden ; Charles A. McCormick, New 
Brunswick ; James M. Reilly, Newark ; Worthington M. 
Jacobus, Rutherford ; Fred. W. Donnelly, Trenton. All In 
1914. 

NEW JERSEY HARBOR COMMISSION. 

J. Spencer Smith, Tenafly, President ; Richard C. Jenkin- 
son, Newark ; William L. Saunders, North Plainfield. Ed- 
ward A. Ransom, Jr., Secretary, Jersey City ; B. F. Cresson, 
Jr., Engineer, Jersey City. 

OLD AGE PENSION. 

Thomas R. Laydon, Paterson, 1917 ; Frederick S. Dunn, 
Paterson, 1915 ; Everett Colby, West Orange, 1914 ; Charles 
McLaughlin, Paterson, ad in. ; Rev. Dr. Otis A. Glazebrook, 
Elizabeth, 1916. 

PANAMA EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Robert S, Hudspeth, Jersey City, Chairman ; John Frank- 
lin Fort, East Orange ; Johnston Cornish, Washington ; 



468 COMMISSIONS. 

Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah ; Joseph K. Waddington, 
Salem ; A. C. Baker, Atlantic ; Walter P. Gardner, Jersey 
City ; C. W. Breckenln-idge, Hackcnsack ; Curtis R. Burnett. 
Newark ; Dennis F. Collins, Elizabeth ; Frederick W. Don- 
nelly, Trenton. Secretary, Charles F. Tancoast, Salem. 

PASSAIC RIVER NAVIGATION. 

J. Willard De Yoe, David Boyle and William A. Hopson, 
Paterson ; Anton L. Pettersen and John Schmidt, Passaic. 

STATE PRISON LABOR. 

Samuel W. Kirkbride, Asbury Park, President ; Joseph P. 
O'Done, Hoboken, Secretary ; William H. Tonking, Dover ; 
Richard H. More, Bridgeton ; Cook Conkling. Rutherford. 
All in 1917. Henry Isleib, Paterson, ad in. 

STERILIZATION OF DEFECTIVES. 

Dr. Alexander Marcy, Jr., Riverton, 1917 ; Dr. Henry B. 
Costill, Trenton, 1915 ; State Commissioner of Charities 
and Corrections. 

TUBERCULOSIS IN ANIMALS. 

President, .Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, Somerville ; Secretary, 
Franklin Dye, Trenton ; A. A. Cortelyou, Somerville ; Wil- 
liam Richman, Treasurer, Sharptown ; Benjamin F. Buzby, 
Swedesboro ; John C. Sharp, Blairstown ; George M. La 
Monte, Bound Brook. 

UNIFORM LEGISLATION IN UNITED STATES. 

Frank Bergen, Elizabeth ; John R. Hardin, Newark ; 
Mark A. Sullivan, Jersey City. All in 1915. 

VALLEY FORGE MONUMENT. 

John H. Fort, President, Camden ; A. J. Demarest, Treas- 
urer, Hoboken ; James L. Pennypacker, Secretary, Haddon- 
field ; J. Madison Drake, Elizabeth ; David P. Mulf ord, 
Bridgeton. All in 1917. 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY. 

Morristown. 

President, Jonathan W. Roberts ; First Vice-President, 
Albert H. Vernam ; Second Vice-President, Stephen Pierson ; 
Treasurer, Alfred Elmer Mills ; Secretary, Henry C. Pitney, 
Jr. ; Assistant Secretary and Treasurer, John H. Bonsall ; 
Historian, William Nelson ; Curator, Miss Altha E. Hatch ; 



COMMISSIONS. 469 

Trustees, Jonathan W. Roberts, Albert H. Vernam, Stephen 
Pierson, Alfred Elmer Mills, Henry C. Pitney, Jr., George 
R. Howe, Henry A Henriquos, Wiilard W. Cutler, Frederic 
O. Spedden. 

WASHINGTON PARK COMMISSION. 

The Governor, State Comptroller, State Treasurer, Louis 
V. Silver, Trenton, Secretary ; William Libbey, Princeton ; 
William L. Doyle, Trenton ; Charles Blackman, Atlantic 
City ; Rev. Jesse Joroloman, Jersey City. 

WATERWAY DEEPER ASSOCIATION. 

David Baird, Camden ; Samuel Heilner, Spring Lake ; 
Frederick W. Donnelly, Trenton ; Benjamin F. S. Brown, 
Matawan ; Franklin Phillipps, Newark. 



LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 



New Year's Day — January 1st. 
Lincoln's Birthday — February 12th. 
Washington's Birthday — February 22d. 
Good Friday— April 10th. 
Memorial Day — May 30th. 
Independence Day — July 4th. 
Labor Day — First Monday in September. 
Columbus Day— October 12th. 
Thanksgiving Day — Last Thursday in November. 
General Election Day — First Tuesday after first Monday 
in November. 

Christmas Day — December 25th. 



470 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



OF STATE OFFICERS AND MEMBERS AND OFFICERS OF THE 
LEGISLATURE. 

EXECUTIVE, STATE. TREASURY AND LAW DEPART- 
MENTS. 

Governor, three years, $10,000. Secretary to the Governor, 
three years, $4,000. Executive Clerk, $1,800. 

Secretary of State, five years, $6,000. Assistant, five 
years, $3,000. 

State Treasurer, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy State Treasurer, $4,500. 

State Comptroller, three years. $6,000. 

Deputy Comptroller, three years, $3,600. 

Attorney-General, five years, $7,000. 

Assistant Attorney-General, $5,000 ; Second Assistant, 
$4,800. 

THE COURTS. 

Chancellor, seven years, $18,000. 

Vice-Chancellors, seven years, $12,000. 

Clerk in Chancery, five years, $6,000; Deputy, $3,600. 

Chief Justice Supreme Court, seven years, $13,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, seven years, 
$12,000. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court, five years, $6,000 ; Assistant 
Clerk, $3,600. 

Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals, six years, $20 
a day for attendance at Court and $20 a day, not exceeding 
thirty days each term, when engaged in examination of 
cases or writing of opinions. 

Circuit Court Judges, seven years, $9,000. 

Chancery and Law Reporters, each $500. 

Sergeants-at-Arms, Chancery Chambers, $1,500. 

Judges of County Courts (Common Pleas), five years. 
Essex and Hudson, $7,500 ; Passaic, $6,500 ; Bergen, Cam- 
den, Mercer, Middlesex and Union, $6,000 ; Atlantic, Bur- 
lington, Monmouth, Morris, $4,500 ; Cumberland, Gloucester, 
Somerset, Hunterdon and Warren, $3,000 ; Salem and Sus- 
sex, $2,700; Ocean and Cape May, $1,800. 

Juvenile Courts, Essex and Hudson counties, five years, 
$5,000. Clerks, each $1,200. 

District Court Judges, five years. Newark and Jersey 
City (two each), $4,000; Clerks, $2,000. Paterson, $3,500; 
Clerk, $1,750. Camden, Elizabeth, Hoboken, Trenton, $3,000 ; 
Clerks, $1,750 ; Orange, Perth Amboy, East Orange, Passaic, 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 471 

Bayonne, Atlantic City, $2,500 ; Clerk, $1,250. New Bruns- 
wick, $2,000; Clerk, $900. Plainfield, $1,500; Clerk, $750. 

Judicial Districts, Essex, First district ; Hudson, First 
district, $2,000; Bergen (three), Morris, Somerset, Mon- 
mouth (two). Ocean county, $1,200. Clerks, Hudson, $1,- 
200; Bergen, Morris, Somerset, Monmouth (two). Ocean, 
$800. Assistant Clerks, $800, $500 and $350. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas, five years. Essex and Hudson, 
$8,000 ; two assistants each in Essex and Hudson, $6,000 
and $4,000 ; Passaic, $6,500 ; Camden, Bergen, Mercer and 
Union, $6,000; Middlesex, $5,500; Monmouth, Burlington 
and Morris, $4,500 ; Atlantic, $4,000 ; Cumberland, $3,500 ; 
Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem, Somerset, Sussex and War- 
ren, $3,000 ; Cape May and Ocean, $2,000. 

Assistant Prosecutors. Passaic, $3,000 ; Mercer, Camden, 
Union, Bergen and Middlesex, $2,500 ; Atlantic and Mon- 
mouth, $2,000. 

Sheriffs, three years. Essex and Hudson, $10,000. 

County Clerks, Surrogates and Registers of Deeds, five 
years. Essex and Hudson, $7,500. 

The salaries of the Sheriffs, County Clerks, Surrogates 
and Registers of Deeds, terms of office being the same as in 
Essex and Hudson, in all other counties are as follows : 
Passaic, Bergen, Camden, Mercer and Union, $6.500 ; Mid- 
dlesex, $5,500 ; Morris, Monmouth, Atlantic and Burlington, 
$4,500 ; Cumberland, $3,500 ; Gloucester, Hunterdon, Som- 
erset, Salem, Sussex and Warren, $2,500 ; Cape May and 
Ocean, $2,000. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 
Commissioner, three years, $6,000 ; Deputy, $3,500. 

MILITARY. 

Adjutant-General, $2,500; Chief Clerk, $2,500. 
Quartermaster-General, $2,500; Chief Clerk, $2,500. 
Military Storekeeper, $1,200. 

EDUCATIONAI^-STATE LIBRARY, ETC. 

State Board of Education, eight years, no salary. ♦ 

State Commissioner of Education, five years, $10,000. 

Four Assistant Commissioners, each $4,500 ; Inspector of 
Buildings, $2,000 ; Inspector of Accounts, $2,000. 

Principal of Trenton Normal School, $5,500 ; Steward, 
$1,700. Principal Montclair Normal School, $6,000. 

School Fund Superintendent, $3,000. 

County Superintendents of Public Schools, three years, 
$3,000; Clerks, $600. 

State Librarian, five years, $3,000 ; Assistants, $3,280. 

Public Library XDommissdoners, five years, no salary. 



472 SALARIES AND TERMS OP OFFICE. 



STATE PRISON AND REFORMATORIES, ETC. 

Keeper of the State Prison, five years, $3,500. 

Inspectors of the State Prison, five years, $500. 

Supervisor of the State Prison, three years, $3,000. 

Mpral Instructors of the State Prison, $1,000; Resident 
Physician, $1,900 ; Visiting Physician, $1,800. 

Commissioners of the New Jersey Reformatory, four years, 
no salary. 

Superintendent of the New Jersey Reformatory, five 
years, $4,000 ; Deputy Superintendent and Chief Parole 
Officer, $1,500. 

State Reformatory for Women, six Commissioners, three 
years, no salary. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

Board of Managers, five years, no salary. 

Morris Plains — Medical Director, $6,000 ; two Senior 
Physicians, $2,000 each ; two Junior Physicians, $1,700 
each; one Junior, $1,500; two Juniors, $1,400 each; one 
Junior, $1,300; Warden, $3,000; Treasurer, $500; Secre- 
tary, $500. 

Trenton — Medical Director, $4,500; First Assistant, 
$2,000 ; Second Assistant, $1,500 ; Third Assistant, $1,200 ; 
Fourth Assistant, $1,500; Fifth Assistant, $1,000; Warden 
$3,500; Treasurer, $500; Secretary, $500. 

STATE ASSESSORS, EQUALIZATION OF TAXES, ETC. 

State Board of Assessors, four years, $2,500; Secretary, 
$2,500. 

Board of Equalization of Taxes, five years. Salaries, 
President, $5,000 ; other members, $3,500 ; Clerk, five years, 
$2,500 and expenses ; Assistant Clerk, $1,500. 

County Boards of Equalization of Taxes, three years. 
Salaries, Essex and Hudson, $3,500 : Passaic, $2,200 ; Ber- 
gen, Camden, Mercer and Union, $1,800 ; Middlesex. $1,600 ; 
Monmouth, $1,400 ; Atlantic, Burlington, Cumberland and 
Morris, $1,200 ; Cape May, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Ocean, 
Saleni, Somerset, Sussex and Warren, $1,000. 

PUBLIC UTILITY, WATER AND RIPARIAN COMMIb 
SIONS. 

Public Utility Commission, six years, $7,500 ; Counsel, 
$7,500; Secretary, $4,000; Chief Inspector, $5,000; In- 
spectors, $1,500, .$1,800, $2,500, $3,000, $3,600. 

Water-Supply Commission, five years, $2.500 ; Secretary, 
$2,500. 

Riparian Commissioners, five years, $1,500. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 473 



LABOR DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner Department of Labor, three years, $6,000 ; 
Assistant Commissioner, three years, $3,000 ; Clerk, $1,900 ; 
Inspectors, $1,500. 

Steam Engine and Boiler Operators' License Bureau, three 
years, $1,200. 

BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 
Chief, five years, $2,500; Deputy, $2,000. 

CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Commissioner, three years, $4,000 ; Assistant, three 
years, $3,600 ; draughtsman, $4,000 ; clerical services, 
$2,800. 

STATE HOUSE CUSTODIAN. 

Custodian of the State House, at pleasure of the Governor, 
State Treasurer and State Comptroller, $3,500 ; Assistant, 
$1,500. 

CIVIL SERVICE BOARD. REPORTS COMMISSIONER AND 
INLAND WATERWAYS AUDITORS. 

Auditors of Accounts in Comptroller's Department, Chief, 
$3,000 ; Assistants, $2,000 each ; Stenographer, $600. 

Commissioner of Public Reports, five years, $2,000 ; 
Clerk, $600. 

Expert Printer, $900 ; appointed by the Comptroller. 

Civil Service Commissioners, four years, $2,000. Presi- 
dent, $2,500 ; Chief Examiner and Secretary, $4,000. 

Commissioner of Inland Waterways, five years, $2,000. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

Members of Board, six years, salary $1,500 ; Secretary, 
$2,500. 

Health Officer, Perth Amboy, $1,000; Assistants, $250. 

BOARD OF TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION. 

Members of Board, five years, no salary. Secretary and 
Executive Officer, $3,000 ; Inspectors, $1,200 each ; Archi- 
tect, $1,800 ; Assistant Architect, $1,350 ; Record Clerk, 
$1,350; Assistant Record Clerk, $1,350; Chief Clerk, 
$1,350; Law Clerk, $1,350. 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

State Superintendent, five years, $2,500 ; three Assistants, 
$1,200. 



474 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



PUBLIC ROAD AND MOTOR VEHICLE DEPARTMENTv« 

State Commissioner of Public Roads, three years, $5,000 ; 
State Higtiway Engineer, $4,000 ; two Division Engineers, 
each $1,800 ; two Division Engineers, $1,500. 

Motor Vehicle Department — Commissioner, $1,500 ; Chief 
Inspector, $1,800; Inspector, $1,350. Appointed by Secre- 
tary of State. 

SEWERAGE COMMISSION. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission, five years, no salary. 

HOMES, SANATORIUMS, ETC. 

Board of Managers of the Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women, six years, no salary ; Superintendent, $2,500. 

Board of Managers Home for Feeble-Minded Children, 
four years, no salary. 

State Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, Marines and 
Their Wives, five years, no salary ; Commandant, $1,500 ; 
Adjutant, $1,000. 

Soldiers' Home, Kearny, no fixed terms, no salary ; Super- 
intendent, $1,500; Surgeon, $1,500; Chaplain, $1,000; 
Adjutant, $1,000 ; Quartermaster, $1,200 ; Matron, $500. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Sanatorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases, four years, no salary ; Medical 
Director, $3,600; Physician, $2,000; Secretary and Treas- 
urer, $600. 

Board of Managers Village for Epileptics, three years, no 
salary; Superintendent, $2,500; Steward. $2,000; First 
Assistant Physician, $1,500 ; Second, $1,200. 

State Firemen's Home, no salary, four years. 

State Board of Children's Guardians, six years, no salary ; 
General Agent, $1,000. 

Trustees Home for Boys, three years, no salary ; Super- 
intendent, $2,500. 

Trustees State Home for Girls, three years, no salary ; 
Matron, $1,500; Treasurer, $500; Secretary, $200; two 
Parole Officers,. $1,400, and expenses, $600. 

Commission for the Blind, three years, no salary. 

School for the Deaf, Principal, $2,500; Steward, $1,620; 
Treasurer, $500. 

Manual Training School, Bordentown ; Principal, $1,250. 

Farnum Preparatory School, Principal, $1,700. 

AGRICULTURE, OYSTERS, GEOLOGICAL, FISH AND 
GAME, FORESTRY, ETC. 

Board of Visitors to State Agricultural College, two years, 
no salary. 

Secretary State Board of Agriculture, $1,200. 
Members of -Geological Survey, five years, no salary. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. -475 

State Geologist, $4,000; Chemist, $1,500. 

Director Agricultural Experiment Station, $2,250. 

State Oyster Commissioner, three years, $500 ; Superin- 
tendent, $1,300. 

Fish and Game Commissioners, four years, no salary ; 
Secretary, $1,800 ; Protector, $1,800 ; Assistant Protector, 
$1,200; Fish Wardens, each $900. 

State Oyster Commission for District of Ocean county, 
three years, $750 ; Superintendent, $1,000 ; Patrol, $1,000. 

Oyster Commission for the District of Atlantic county, 
three years, $900, 

Oyster Superintendent of Atlantic county, three years, 
$1,000. 

Chief of the State Bureau of Shell Fisheries, four years, 
$1,800; Stenographer, $600. 

Forest Park Reservation Commissioners, three years, no 
salary. 

Commissioners of Palisades Interstate Park, five years, no 
salary. 

Live Stock Commission, three years, $15 per diem actual 
service. 

MEDICAL, DENTISTRY, ETC. 

Board of Medical Examiners, three years, no salary. 

Board of Pharmacy, five years, $5 a day and expenses. 

Board of Dentistry, five years, no salary. 

Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, three years, no 
salary. 

Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, three years, no 
salary. 

State Board of Examiners of Nurses, three years, $5 a 
day and expenses. 

MISCELLANEOUS BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund members, four years. 

Commission to Promote Uniformity in Legislation in 
United States, three years, no salary. 

Curator State Museum, $1,500. 

Commissioners of Pilotage, three years, fees. 

Chief Inspector of Power Vessels, three years, $600 ; 
Assistant, three years, $375 and expenses. 

State Board of Architects, two years, no salary ; Secre- 
tary, $1,500. 

Old Age Insurance-Pension Commission, five years, no 
salary. Secretary, $850. 

New Jersey Ship Canal Commission, three years, no salary. 

Commission on Sterilization of Human Defectives, five 
years, no salary. 

Board of Public Accountants, three years, $5 a day for 
actual service. 

Valley Forge, five years. 



476. SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



MEMBERS AND OFFICERS OF THE LEGISLATURE. 

State Senators, three years, and Members of the Assembly, 
one year, $500. 

Senate Officers — President, $666.66 ; President's Private 
Secretary, $600 ; Secretary, $1,500 ; Assistant Secretary, 
$1,200; Supervisor of Bills, $1,200; Assistant Supervisor 
of Bills, $600 ; Second Assistant Supervisor of Bills; $500 ; 
Journal Clerk, $1,000; Assistant Journal Clerk, $500; Sec- 
ond Assistant Journal Clerk, $400 ; Calendar Clerk, $500 ; 
Bill Clerk and Assistant, each $500 ; Sergeant-at-Arms, 
$700 ; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, $500 ; Clerk to Com- 
mittee on Printed Bills, $500 ; Clerk to Committee on 
Appropriations, $500 ; four Clerks to Committees, each 
$350 ; four Stenographers, each $500 ; five doorkeepers, 
each $350 ; three Gallery Keepers, each $350 ; four File 
Clerks, each $350 ; five Pages, each $200. 

House of Assembly Officers — Speaker, $666.66 ; Speaker's 
'Private Secretary, $600; Assistant Secretary, $500; Clerk, 
$1,500; Assistant Clerk, $1,200; Assistant to Clerk, $350; 
Supervisor of Bills, $1,300; three Assistants, $600 each; 
Journal Clerk, $1.000 ; Assistant Journal Clerk and two 
Assistants, each $500 ; Sergeant-at-Arms, $700 ; two Assist- 
ant Sergeant-at-Arms, each $500 ; twelve Doorkeepers, each 
$350 ; ten Pages, each $200 ; Clerk to Committee on 
Printed Bills, $500 ; Bill Clerk and Assistant, $500 each ; 
eight Clerks to Committees, each $350 ; three Stenographers, 
each $500 ; fifteen File Clerks, each $300. 



MILITARY. 477 



MILITARY. 



Roster of Oflicers of the National Guard. 

Commander-in-Chief, James F. Fielder; Aides-de- 
Camp, Colonel Frank jNI. Taylor (personal aide), Lieu-- 
tenant-Colonel William Libbey, Lieutenant-Colonel 
William G. Schauffler, Captain George F. Perkins, Jr., 
Captain Sackett M, Dickinson; Department Staff, Tlie 
Adjutant-General, Brigadier-General Wilbur F. Sadler, 
Jr., Cliief of Staff; Assistant Adjutant-General, Colonel 
Frederick Gilkyson; Adjutants-General, Colonel Aus- 
ten Colgate, ■ Lieutenant-Colonels Nelson B. Gaskill, 
John M. Rogers (retired). Majors Alexander P. Gray, 
Jr., Harry C. Kramer, William T. Read; Inspector- 
General, Brigadier-General Lewis T. Bryant; Assist- 
ant Inspectors-General, Lieutenant-Colonels Oscar H. 
Condit, Robert L. Patterson; Inspectors-General, Ma- 
jors James H. Hayes, Jr., Frederick W. Garvin; Judge- 
Advocates, Lieutenant-Colonel Scott Scammell, Majors 
George F. Brensinger, John L. Griggs, Malcolm G. 
Buchanan, Edward T. Moore; Quartermaster Corps, 
Brigadier-General C, Edward Murray, Colonels James 
V. Oliphant, D. Stewart Craven, Alexander R. Fordyce, 
Jr., Lieutenant-Colonels James W, Howard, Mahlon R. 
Margerum, Harry B. Salter, Leon W. Manton, Majors 
Merton S. West, Howard T. Alexander, John D. Kil- 
Patrick, Jacob S. Buist, Peter H. James, William H. 
Chew, David S. Hill, Henry C. Knox, Harry L. Harris, 
Captains Calvin D. McMurtry, Frank A. Reinhard, 
Wayne Dumont, George W, Church, Richard Stockton, 
Charles W. Stark; Assistant Military Storekeeper, 
Captain Walter Firth; Corps of Engineers, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Walter F. Whittemore, Majors S. Wood Mc- 
Clave, Edwin B. Broadaway; Chief of Ordnance, Briga- 
dier-General C. Edward Murray; Ordnance Officers, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Walter E. Edge, Captains Peter 
Vredenburgh, John Bentley, William Engelhard; In- 
spector-General of Rifle Practice, Brigadier-General 
Bird W. Spencer', Assistant Inspectors-General of Rifle 
Practice, Colonel Cliarles A. Reid, Lieutenant-Colonels 
William Libbey, William A. Tewes, David M, Flynn. 



478 MILITARY. 

Division Headquarters, Trenton, Major-General Den- 
nis F. Collins; Cliief of Staff, Colonel Harry P. Moor- 
head; Division Inspector, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert 
L. Patterson; Judge-Advocate, Lieutenant - Colonel 
Scott Scammell; Chief Quartermaster, Lieutenant- 
Colonel James W. Howard; Chief Commissary, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Leon W. Manton; Chief Surgeon, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Henry Allers; Sanitary Inspector, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel William G. Schauffler; Inspector Small- 
Arms Practice, Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Rowland; 
Assistants to Chief Surgeon, Major Arthur P. Hasking, 
Captain Valentine Ruch, Jr., Captains Henry G. 
Stephens, Robert R. Howard, Corps of Engineers, 
Aides-de-Camp, Second Lieutenant Edward I. Edwards, 
Jr., Aide-de-Camp. 

First Brigade Headquarters, Newark, Brigadier- 
General Edwin W. Hine. Staff, Brigade Adjutant, 
Major Alexander P. Gray, Jr.; Brigade Quartermaster, 
Major Henry C. Knox; Brigade Commissary, Major 
Harry L. Harris; Brigade Surgeon, Major J. Talmage 
Wyckoff; Inspector Small-Arms Practice, Major Charles 
H. Grant. 

Second Brigade Headquarters. Camden, Brigadier- 
General John A. Mather. Staff, Brigade-Adjutant, Ma- 
jor Harry C. Kramer; Brigade Quartermaster, Major 
Merton S. West; Brigade Commissarj-, Major Howard 
T. Alexander; First Lieutenant George W. Coyne, 
Corps of Engineers, Aide-de-Camp. 

First Squadron, Cavalry, Newark — Captain William 
A-. Bryant, commanding. 

Battery A, Field Artillery, East Orange — Captain, 
Claude E. Lanterman. 

Battery B, Field Artillery, Camden — Captain, Samuel 
G. Barnard. 

First Infantry Headquarters, Newark — Colonel, 
John D. Fraser; Captain and Adjutant, I. Newton 
Davies. 

Second Infantry Headquarters, Trenton — Colonel, 
Horace M. Reading; Captain and Adjutant, William 
E. Pedrick. 

Third Infantry Headquarters, Camden — Colonel 
Thomas D. Landon; Captain and Adjutant, William K. 
Cookson. 

Fourth Infantry Headquarters, Jersey City — Colonel, 



MILITARY. 479 

Arthur L. Steele; Captain and Adjutant, Lewis E. Jack- 
son. 

Fifth Infantry Headquarters, Paterson — Colonel Al- 
bert A. Van Walraven. 

Signal Corps Company, Jersey Citj- — Ca^ptain William 
Y. Dear, commanding. 

Field Hospital, Elizabeth — Major Harold D. Corbusier. 

Roster of Officers of the Naval Reserve. 

First Battalion, Armory, U. S. S. Marietta, Hoboken — 
Commander. Edward McClure Peters. 

Second Battalion, Armory, U. S. S. Vixen, Camden — 
Coijnmander, Albert DeUnger. 



480 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 



County Officers, With the Date of the E:xi>iration of 
Their Term of Office, Time of Holding: Courts, &c. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 
County Seat — ^Mays Landing. Population, 1,359. 
Sheriff — Robert H. Ingersoll, Rep., 1914. 
Coroners — Myrtile Frank, Thomas B. Taggert, 1914; 
Halvoe Harley, 1915. 
-County Clerk — Edwin A. Parker, 1918. 
Surrogate — Emanuel C. Shaner, 1917. 
County Collector — E. L. .Johnson, Atlantic City. 
Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 1918. 
County Judge — Clarence L. Cole, 1918. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas — Charles H. Moore, 1918. 
Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — William Elmer 
Brown, Jr. 

County Lunatic Asylum — T. L. McConnell, Supt. 
Countj-- Board of Elections — Louis Langhan (1915), 
Frank Melville (1914), Dems. ; William H. Howenstein 
(1914), Harry Jenkins (1915), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in January, May 
and October. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 
County Seat — Hackensack. Population, 14,050. 

Sheriff — Robert Nelson Heath, Dem., 1916. 

Coroners — Charles S. Robertson. 1914; William J. 
Collins, 1916; James F. McNally, 1916. 

County Clerk — Charles F. Thompson, 1915. 

Surrogate — Robert A. Sibbald, 1918. 

County Collector — Walter Christie, Hackensack. 

Circuit Justice — Charles W. Parker, 1914. 

County Judge — William M. Seufert, 1918. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Wendell J. Wright, 1915. 

Assistant Prosecutor — John B. Zabriskie. 

County Board of Elec1.ions - — Ackerton Hawkey 
(1915), William Umbach, Jr. (1914), Dems.; George 
Ricardo (1914), George Van Gelder (1915), Reps. 

Terms of Court — April, first Tuesday; September, 
second Tvtesday; and December, second Tuesday, 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 481 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 
County Seat — Mount Holly. Population, 6,509. 

Sheriff — Andrew J. Jordan, Dem., 1914. 

Coroners — Henry I. Worrell, 1915; Edward W. Bel- 
ton, 1914; Vr. Herman Bisbing, 1916. 

County Clerk — Harry L. Knight, 1914. 

Surrogate — Joseph Huff, 1916. 

Auditor — John B. Tilton, 1914. 

County Collector — "Warren C. Pine, Riverside. 

Circuit Justice — Willard P. Voorhees, 1915. 

County Judge — John G. Horner, 1914. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Samuel A. Atkinson, 1915. 

County Lunatic Asylum — C. C. Deacon, Supt. 

County Board of Elections — Henry H. Savage (1915), 
Robert Glasgow (1914), Dems.; Newton Morton (1914), 
William H. Reeves (1915), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, Septem- 
ber and December. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 
County Seat — Camden. Population, 94,538. 

Sheriff — Joseph E. Nowrey, Dem., 1914. 

Coroners — Harry Bushey, 1916; Robert G. Schroeder, 
1916; Daniel F. Bentley, 1914. 

County Clerk — Frank F. Patterson, Jr., 1916. 

Register of Deeds — Edward W. Delacroix, 1915. 

Surrogate — Harry Reeves, 1917. 

County Collector — John W. Sell, Camden. 

Circuit Justice — Charles G. Garrison, 1916. 

County Judge — William T. Boyle, 1917. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — William J. Kraft, 1918; As- 
sistant, Wellington B. Butler. 

County Lunatic Asylum — James A. Starkey, Supt. 

County Board of ^Elections — Walter J. Farrell (1914), 
J. Curtis Davis (1915), Dems.; John S. Broome (1915), 
William H. Harrison (1914), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday, April; second Tues- 
day, September and December. 

31 



482 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 
County Seat — Cape May Court House. Population, 1,200. 

Sheriff — Colman F. Corson, Dem., 1916. 

Coroners — Mark Lake, 1916; Nathan A. Cohen, 1914; 
William H. Thompson, 1915. 

County Clerk — A. Carlton HUdreth, 1915. 

Surrogate — Edward L. Rice, 1917. 

County Collector-^Joseph I. Scull, Ocean City. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 1918. 

County Judge — Henry H. Eldridge, 1916. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Matthew Jefferson, 1918, 

County Board of Elections— C. M. Westcott (1914), 
Alfred Hand (1915), Dems.; Harry F. Dougherty 
(1914), Walter J. Rutherford (1915), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, Septem- 
ber and December. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 
County Seat — Bridgeton. Population, 14,209. 

Sheriff — Harry J. Garrison, Dem., 1914. 

Coroners — John S. Hann, 1916; Joseph H. Simpson, 
1914; Charles M. Gray, 1915. 

County Clerk — Samuel M. Sheldon, 1914. 

Surrogate — Frank F. Wallace, 1918. 

County Collector — E. P. Eacon, Bridgeton. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 1918. 

County Judge — Royal P. Tuller, 1914. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — J. Hampton Fithlan, 1914. 

County Lunatic Asylum — David Elwell, Supt. 

County Board of Elections — John Ogden (1915), 
George W. Eckart (1914), Dems.; Ferdinand R. Jones 
(1915), Frank S. McKee, Jr. (1914), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, Septem- 
ber and December. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

County Seat —