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Full text of "Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey"

Compliments of 

GEO. F. MARTENS, Jr., 

N. J. Senate, 1916. 




/I ^ 



^^^W^X66t-e-^^-^^-^^ 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



MANUAL 



OF THE 



Legislature of New Jersey 



One Hundred and Fortieth Session. 



1916 




BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 
Copyright, 1916, by Thomas F. Fitzgerald. 



Trenton, N. j. : 
Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Legislative Reporter, 

Compiler and Publisher. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in 1916, by 

THOMAS F. FITZGERALD, 

in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



4®=" The newspaper press are welcome to use such parts of the work as 
they may desire, on giving credit therefor to the MANUAL. 



STATE GAZETTE PUB. CO., PRINTERS, 
TRENTON, N. J. 



Calendar for 191 6. 



1916 


. 


, 


, 


"^ 


i 


1 




1916 


s 


? 


i 


:^' 


i 








^ 


^ 


- 


^ 




^ 


CO 
1 

8 




^ 


^ 




^ 


&; 


£^ 


1 
8 


JAN 


JULY 




2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




23 


24 


26 


26 


27 


28 


29 




23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


FEB... 


30 


31 












AUG... 


30 


31 












1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 




27 


28 


29 






.. 






27 


28 


29 


30 


31 






MAR.. 


"5 


6 


"1 


1 

8 


2 
9 


3 

10 


4 
11 


SEPT 












i 

8 


2 
9 




3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 




17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 






24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


APE- 














1 
8 


OCT.... 


















2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 


2 






4 


5 


6 


7 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 




30 














NOV... 


29 


30 


31 






















1 


9 


8 


4 


MAY... 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 




7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


1 


14 


1.5 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 




21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 






JUNE. 


28 


29 


30 


31 


"i 


"2 


"3 


DEC... 












1 

8 


2 
9 




3 


4 


6 


6 






4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 




17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


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23 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




^5 


26 


27 


•^s 


^9 


30 


... 




31 






















' ' 







PERPETUAL CALENDAR 


POB ASCERTAINING THE DAY OF THE WEEK FOR ANY YEAB 


BETWEEN 1700 AND 2499. 


Table of Dominical 

LETTEBa. 


Month. 


Dominical Letter. 


1 

YEAR OF THE 


CENTUR'S. 


Jan. Oct. 


A 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


CENTURY. 1 




Feb. Mar. Nov. 
Jan. Apr. July 


D 
G 


E 
A 


F 
B 


G 
C 


A 
I) 


B 

E 


C 
F 


11 


1*1 


N. B.—A star 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


on the left 


(N C^ 


C^ CJ 


June 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 


denotes leap 


S 2 


- i 


Feb. Aug. 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


year. 




p: 


Sept. Dec. 


F 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 


E 


o'»28 »56*84 


1 8 


15 22 


29 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


1 291 57 


a5 


B D 


F G 


2 9 


16 


23 


30 


M 


i 


S 


F 


Th 


A\- 


Tu 


2 30 68 


86 


AC 


E F 


3 10 


17 


24 


31 


Tu 


s 


s 


F 


Th 


W 


3, 81 59 


87 


G B 


D E 


4, ]1 


18 


25 




W 


Tu 


M 


s 


s 


F 


Th 


1 




1 




5 


12 


19 


26 




Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


s 


S 


F 


*4 *32 *60 *88' 


E G 


EC 


6 


13 


20 


27 




F 


Th 


W 


TU 


M 


s 


S 


5 33 61 


89 


D F 


A B 


7 


14 


21 


28 




S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


s 


6 34| 62 

7 35 63 

*-8 *Z6 *G4 
9 37i 05 


90, 

1 

*92 
931 


Si 

g'b 

F A 


G A 

FG 

d'e 

C D 


























EXPLANATION. 


10 3Sl 66 


94' 
951 


E G 


B C 
A B 


I'uder the Century, and in the line wfti» 
the Year of the Century, is the Dominical 


*12 »40 *68 *96' 


b'd 


F G 


Letter of the Year. Then in the line with 


13 41 

14| 42 
15 43 


69 
70 
71 


97 
98 
99 


F 


c 

B 
A 


e F 
I) E 
C D 


the month find the column containing 


this letter; in this column, and in line 


1 












with the day of the Month, is the day of 


♦16 •44 'Tli 
17 45 '^^ 




C 
B 


I 

D 


A B 
G A 
F G 


the AVeek. In Leap Years, the letters for 


18 46 


74 




January and February are in the lines 


19 47 


75 




A 


C 


E F 


where these mouths are printed in Italics. 


•20 *48 *76 




F 


A 


C D 


211 491 77 




E 


G 


B C 


EXAMPILES. 


221 60 78 




D 


F 


A B 




23 51 79 




C 


E 


G A 


For December 31st, 1875 : for 187'5, the 
letter is C ; under C, in a line with 31. is 


*24 *52 *80 

251 53 81 




A 

Q 


C 


E F 
D E 


Friday ; and for January 1st, 1876, the 


26 64 82 




F 


A 


C D 


letter is A ; under A, and in a line with 


27 55 83 




E 


G 


B C 


1, is Saturday. 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



Within the limits of what is now the State of New Jer- 
sey, aside from any evidences of the presence of prehis- 
toric man in the "Trenton Gravels," the original inhabi- 
tants of the commonwealth were Lenni Lenape, or Dela- 
ware. Indians. This subdivision of the great Algonkin 
family occupied the river valleys of the State, had made 
some progress in agriculture and in elementary arts, were 
peaceable but small in numbers, and at last have become 
totally extinct in this portion of the United States. 

In its settlement. New Jersey was not an English colony. 
The claims of the Crown, based upon early discovery and 
various grants, were totally ignored by two great com- 
mercial nations of Europe— Holland and Sweden. It was 
not until 1664, practically a half century after the first 
occupancy of New Jersey by a white man, that England 
had aught more than a slight influence upon the destinies 
of the State. In settlement, Holland was first to send out 
planters, under the auspices of the Dutch West India 
Company. Claiming both the valleys of the Hudson and 
the Delaware, by virtue of the explorations of Hudson and 
Mey, land was taken up upon the banks of the Hudson, 
Passaic, Hackensack, Raritan and smaller streams tribu- 
tary to New York harbor, as well as at Gloucester upon 
the Delaware. By 1630 these claims were well established 
by^occupancy, and by the creation of a centre of local 
government in what is now New York city. Upon the 
rapidly growing influence of Holland, Sweden looked with 
jealous eye. Gustavus Adolphus, in his plan to make 
Sweden a world-power, saw the Dutch to be dangerous 
rivals in America. In 1638 there was equipped a Swedish 
expedition to settle the valley of the Delaware. What 
is now the State of Delaware, the valley of the Schuylkill 
and isolated portions of the west bank of the Delaware 
River were occupied, civil and military government was 
established, and the colony of farmers and traders entered 
upon a brief career of prosperity. The death of Gustavus 
Adolphus, internal dissensions in Sweden, the inherent 
weakness of the Delaware settlements, and the constantly 
increasing power of Holland brought matters to a crisis. 
In 1655 New Sweden was conquered by New Netherlands, 
(7) 



8 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

and for nine years the soil of New Jersey was absolutely 
under Dutch control. 

Emerging from the interregnum of the Cromwells, the 
restoration of the House of Stuart brought peace to Eng- 
land. On the 12th of March, 1664, Charles II., with royal 
disregard for previous patents, grants and charters, deeded 
to his brother James, Duke of York, a vast tract embrac- 
ing much of New England, New York and all of what is 
now New Jersey. This was accompanied by active prep- 
arations to drive the Dutch from America, as they, in 
alien claims to New Jersey, practically separated the New 
England colonies from Virginia, Maryland and the Caro- 
linas. In the summer of 1664 armed vessels appeared 'n 
New York harbor. After negotiations, the Dutch sur- 
rendered and the power of Holland in North America be- 
came simply a mattei of history. In the meantime James^ 
Duke of York, transferred to two favorites of the House 
of Stuart— John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret— 
practically what is now the State of New Jersey. In 
honor of Carteret's defense of the Island of Jersey (Cae- 
sarea) during the Parliamentary wars, the territory was 
called New Jersey (Nova Caesarea). <■ 

Carteret and Berkeley, in granting a liberal frame of 
government and extolling the advantages of their colony 
so well located for agriculture, commerce. Ashing and 
mining, attracted settlers not only from England, but 
from Scotland and New England, particularly Long Island 
and Connecticut. These planters were largely Calvinists, 
from Presbyterian and Congregational communities, and 
mainly occupied land in Newark, Elizabeth and upon the 
north shore of Monmouth county. The valley of the Dela- 
ware remained unsettled. The Calvinists brought into 
East Jersey distinctive views upon religious and civil mat- 
ters. Early legislatures punished many crimes by death, 
the penalties being similar to those of the Jewish dispen- 
sation, while the "town-meeting" strengthened the indi- 
vidual action of the small communities. There was an 
intense individualism in every phase of political and relig- 
ious development, the life of the people centering around 
the church and the school house, the head of both, as in 
New England, being the minister. 

In 1676 a division of the interests of Carteret and Berke- 
ley occurred. In the meantime Berkeley had disposed of 
his rights to a company of English Quakers, a conflict had 
ensued, and to establish the claims of all parties concerned, 
the two colonies of East and West Jersey came into 
existence. A line was drawn from a point in Little Egg 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 3 

Harbor to the Delaware Water Gap, Berkeley and his 
assigns retaining- West Jersey as their moiety, Carteret 
obtaining East Jersey. 

By Berkeley's transfer the dominant influence in West 
Jersey was that of the Society of Friends. Salem was 
settled in 1675, Burlington, Gloucester and the site of Tren- 
ton about five years later, while within ten years there- 
after the "shore" communities of Cape May and Tucker- 
ton came into existence. The Society of Friends estab- 
lished in West Jersey a series of communities In which 
the life of the people was different from that of East Jer- 
sey. As East Jersey resembled New England in civil gov- 
ernment, so West Jersey resembled Virginia. The political 
and social centres of the large plantations were the shire- 
towns, slave owning was common, a landed aristocracy 
was established, prominent families intermarried, and 
under the advice of William Penn and his friends good 
faith was kept with the Indians. Capital punishment was 
practically unknown and disputes were settled frequently 
by arbitration. 

Two elements of discord marked the genesis of East Jer- 
sey and of West Jersey. One, external, was the attitude 
of the Duke of York after he became James II. In 1673 
New Jersey was recaptured by the Dutch, who held the 
colony until the early spring of 1674. A question arose as 
to the Duke of York's title after 1674, reconveyances were 
made, but in spite of past assurances. James II. claimed 
the proprietary right of government. To that end Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was commissioned Governor of New Jersey, 
and a climax was reached in 1680 when the proprietary 
governor of East Jersey was carried prisoner to New York. 
In 1681 the Crown recognized the justice of the proprietors' 
contention, and local government was re-established, but 
not before the seeds of discontent were sown that bore 
fruit in the Revolutionary War. 

An internal disturbance was a contest between the 
Boards of Proprietors and the small land owners. Both 
in East and West Jersey, Carteret and Berkeley and their 
assigns had transferred to wealthy combinations of capi- 
talists—most of whom were non-residents— much of the 
broad acreage of the colonies. With the land went the 
right of selection of Governors and of members of Execu- 
tive Councils, which right Berkeley and Carteret had 
derived from the Crown. This, with "quit-rent" agita- 
tions in East Jersey, led to much bitterness. Finally, dis- 
gusted with turmoil, and viewing a sentiment of revolt 
on the part of the people, the Boards of Proprietors sur- 



10 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

rendered to the Crown, in 1702, their rights of government, 
retaining only their interest in the soil, East and West 
Jersey were united, and the two provinces became the 
royal colony of New Jersey. 

From 1702 until the outbreak of the Revolution the polit- 
ical history of the colony was quite uneventful. Through- 
out the period of seventy-five years there was almost con- 
stant friction between the Legislature and the Governor 
and his Council. The governors, in the main, were Crown 
favorites sent over the sea without a personal knowledge 
of the colony and with but an ill-concealed ambition to 
wrest from the people as much money as could be secured 
for the support of themselves and the executive office. 
The Councils, composed of wealthy land owners of the 
Society of Friends and rich merchants from East Jersej', 
were quiescent, and even the members of the popular 
branch of the Legislature were chosen by those possessing 
property qualifications. The small non-voting farmers 
raised the cry of "aristocracy," and the equivalent of 
"taxation without representation," and while loyal to the 
Crown were open in their expressions of dissatisfaction 
to the personal attitude of their governors. In 173S New 
Jersey, in recognition of this sentiment, was given a gov- 
ernor separate from the one appointed jointly for the colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey. 

^ During this period the farm wa s the centre of the activi- 
ties of the life of the people; particularly was this true in 
the western part of the colony, where favoring climate 
and soil, slave labor and the proximity of Philadelphia led 
to abundant crops and a good market. In East Jersey a 
commercial spirit was more active. Perth Amboy threat- 
ened to rival New York, and Jersey ships from Newark, 
Elizabeth and the Monmouth villages were to be found 
from Boston to Charleston. The repressive economic 
policy of the Crown precluded the development of manu- 
factures. In the southern part of the State, sand and un- 
limited forests of oak and pine led to the development of 
glass making, while "bog iron," with abundance of lime 
from oyster shells, gave an impetus to the erection of 
forges and bloomaries. These, as well as the copper mines 
of the trap rock region, were throttled by adverse Parlia- 
mentary legislation. Ship building was a recognized in- 
dustry, and cedar was extensively "mined" from the 
sunken forests of the tide-water district. Whaling and 
other fisheries were unhampered, and were profitable, as 

was also the trade in skins and in hay from the salt 
meadows of the coast. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. U 

Throughout the years from 1702 to 1776 gold and silver 
and copper money was scarce. In obedience to the de- 
mand of the English merchants that competition should 
be crushed, legislation was enacted to draw "hard" money 
away from the colony. An inflated paper currency, first 
issued in 1707 to provide ways and means to aid the Cana- 
dian expedition against the French, poured from the 
printing presses. Trade was reduced to barter, and gold, 
silver and copper were practically at a premium for nearly 
three generations. 

Of the more prominent incidents during the period were 
the organized attempts to suppress piracy in New York 
and Delaware bays, the growth of a well-defined system 
of transportation by land and water between New York 
and Philadelphia, the establishment of ferries and post 
roads, the reclamation of waste land, the injection of 
Hugenot, Scotch-Irish and Palatinate German elements 
into the settled population, the chartering of Princeton 
University and Rutgers College, the religious revival led 
by Whitefield, the propogation of abolition doctrines by 
Woolman, the erection of a series of barracks owing to the 
French and Indian war, and what is probably of supreme 
importance, the growth of a sentiment of independence 
fostered by the stupid policy of the Crown, and carried 
from hamlet to hamlet, as much by itinerant hawkers and 
by "Redemptioners," who had served their time, as by any 
other cause. 

The opening of the Revolution found New Jersey's senti- 
ment unevenly crystalized. Few, if any, were favoring 
absolute independence. There were three elements. One, 
the Tory party, was led by Governor William Franklin, 
the illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. This conserva- 
tive class embraced nearly all the Episcopalians, a vast 
proportion of the non-combatant members of the Society 
of Friends and some East Jersey Calvinists. Another ele- 
ment was composed of men of various s'hades of belief, 
some in favor of continual protest, others desirous of com- 
promise. This included at the outbreak of the struggle 
most of the Calvinists, some few Quakers of ^the younger 
generation, and the Scotch-Irish. The third party drew 
its support from a few bold, aggressive spirits of influence 
whose following included men who believed that war 
for independence would benefit their fortunes. 

The part played in the Revolution by New Jersey has 
been frequently told. Events passed rapidly after the 
affairs of Trenton and Princeton; Monmouth and Red Bank 
Will never be forgotten, while the raids at Salem, Spring- 



12 HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 

field, Elizabeth, in the valley of the Hackensack, and the 
winter at Morristown are a part of national history. Oc- 
cupying a position between New York and Philadelphia, 
its soil was a theatre where the drama of war was always 
presented. At no time was the Tory element suppressed, 
finding its expression in open hostility, or in the barbaric 
cruelties of the "Pine Robbers" of Monmouth, Burlington, 
Gloucester and Salem counties. Though under suspicion, 
the Society of Friends were neutral, for conscience sake, 
remaining close to the teachings of their creed. 

The close of the struggle found the people of New Jersey 
jubilant and not disposed to relinquish their sovereignty. 
The Articles of Confederation were weak and had become 
a by-word and a jest. There was much State pride and 
much aristocratic feeling among the old families who con- 
tinued to dominate State politics. The Constitution of 1776, 
adopted by New Jersey as a makeshift war measure, pro- 
vided that all State officers of prominence should be elected 
by a Legislature,- which was chosen by voters possessing 
property qualifications. As in the colony, the Governor 
was Chancellor, and class distinctions were closely drawn. 
In spite of agitation, all proposed changes were rejected, 
and a strong federal union with the other States was 
viewed with dislike and suspicion. The State, in a quarrel 
with New York, at one time refused to obey the requests 
of Congress, and, in the exercise of her sovereignty, estab- 
lished a Court of Admiralty and coined money. 

iWhile the spirit of "State rights" was dominant, it was 
recognized by leaders of public thought that New Jersey 
was too weak to stand alone. She entered the Annapolis 
convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation, 
and whose lasting monument was the present Federal 
Constitution adopted in Philadelphia in 1787. Upon the 15th 
of June of that year the "New Jersey Plan" was pre- 
sented, which, while lost as a measure, led to the famous 
compromise upon representation, whereby in the Senate 
of the United States the States were given equal vote, with 
a representation based on population in the House. 

The adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
led to the rapid growth of political parties in New Jersey 
as elsewhere. In spite of the intense conservatism of the 
State, led by the Quakers of West Jersey, who were Fed- 
eralists almost to a man, the anti-Federalist sentiment de- 
veloped rapidly, spurred by a virulent party press, the 
death of men who had been trained in colonial methods of 
thought and the democratic tendency of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which grew in strength in West Jersey. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 13 

In the eastern part of the State there was among the indi- 
vidualistic Calvinists a strong anti-Federal spirit. This, 
in 1800, led to the election of Thomas Jefferson as President 
of the United States, and in 1801 the election of his political 
ally, Joseph Bloomfield, as Governor of the State of New 
Jersey. The death of Hamilton at the hands of Burr, and 
the death of Livingston, the "war" Governor, tore down 
the strongest pillars of Federalism in New Jersey, and led 
to the absolute domination of the State by the anti-Feder- 
alists, who held power until the outbreak of the second war 
with England. 

The period from 1790 to 1812 in New Jersey was marked 
by a demand for internal improvements and better trans- 
portation. The agitation concerning the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal, Stevens' experiments in 1802 with steam, 
along the lines laid down in 1785 by Fitch, the project of 
the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures at Pat- 
erson as early as 1791, and highways conducted through the 
northwest portion of the State, indicate the trend of public 
sentiment. 

The second war with England was not altogether a pop- 
ular measure in New Jersey. The Federalists, the "Peace 
Party," secured control of the Legislature and elected 
their Governor. Nevertheless the State furnished her 
quota of troops. The one permanent effect of the struggle 
upon the State was indirect. Owing to the movement of 
supplies and the necessity of quick transportation between 
Philadelphia and the exposed port of New York, the wagon 
roads between Bordentown and Perth Amboy, and between 
Trenton, New Brunswick, Metuchen, Rahway, Elizabeth 
and Newark, were improved and their advantages as 
"short routes" demonstrated. Upon these lines two later 
railroads, now a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, 
were constructed. 

The era following the close of the war of 1812 until the 
opening of the Civil War was one of stupendous activity. 
Interrupted only by the financial depressions of 1817 and 
1837, and slightly retarded by the Mexican War, the pro- 
gress of the State was beyond the wildest dreams of the 
enthusiast, Alexander Hamilton. In the eastern part of 
the State, aided by a constantly increasing foreign popula- 
tion, Jersey City rose from the marshes, Newark grew 
toward her present greatness, Paterson became a centre 
of industry, while in the west, Camden was recognized as 
an available site for manufactures. The public school 
system was established and extended, reforms in the car- 
ing for the criminal, defective, delinquent and dependent 



14 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

classes were instituted, railroads were reaching every town 
of size, in the vicinity of New York and Philadelphia, fer- 
ries were erected, banks established, post oflaces opened 
and newspapers printed. In 1S44. when social unrest was 
most marked, the present State Constitution was adopted 
by a large popular majority and needed reforms tending to 
elevate the legal position of married women, imprisoned 
debtors and bankrupts were adopted. 

The year 1860 brought a termination to the then impend- 
ing conflict. While every other State north of Mason and 
Dixon's line by 1850 had set the black man free, there were 
still 236 negroes in bondage in New Jersey. The abolition 
movement made slow progress and an anti-war party had 
a decided following. But when the die was cast New Jer- 
sey responded to the call for men and money. She fur- 
nished 88,305 men, or within 10,501 of her entire militia. 
For organizing, subsisting, supplying, supporting and trans- 
porting her troops she paid $2,894,385, and upon the field 
sustained the reputation for bravery she had won during 
the days of Trenton and Monmouth. 

New Jersey has made great advances since the Civil War. 
Among the important legislation was the passage of the 
General Railroad law in 1873. This ended the domination 
of the Camden and Amboy monopoly and opened the way 
for other enterprises in the same field. 

Although the State passed an Emancipation act in 1804, 
the Constitution was not amended as to legalize negro 
suffrage until 1875. The Legislature of 1871 ratified the 
fifteenth amendment to the U. S. Constitution which gives 
absolute authority to the negro to cast his vote at all 
national, State, county and municipal elections. 

Women exercised the right of suffrage in New Jersey 
under laws passed in 1790 and 1797. That right was taken 
from them by an act passed in 1807. In 1912 the Supreme 
Court held that the 1776 Constitution did not confer any 
right on women to vote. The Constitution of 1844 limited 
the right to vote to males. In 1887 women were given the 
right to vote at school meetings. This was declared un- 
constitutional in 1894 as to voting for school trustees and 
officers ; they could vote, however, on other school matters. 

A proposed amendment to the State Constitution in 1897 
giving women the right to vote for school officers was 
defeated. The vote was 65.021 for, to 75,170 against. In 
1915 another proposed amendment conferring full suffrage 
on women was defeated. The vote was 133,282 for and 
184,390 against. In 1883 laws ^ were enacted regulating the 
labor of women and children in factories. 

In 1838, the last whipping post disappeared from New 
Jersey. It stood on a vacant lot in Trenton, where many 
offenders had suffered the degrading punishment. Franklin 
S. Mills, a veteran reporter of that time, called several 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 15 

kindred spirits around him and ttiey decided that the 
whipping post must go. There was unanimous agreement 
that the best time for its vanishment would be a dark night, 
and meanwhile the plot was kept a profound secret. The 
plan was carried out and the post was never set up again. 
The next step to lessen the horror of capital punishment 
was in 1907. when the penalty was changed from hanging 
to eloctrocution. In the same year tuberculosis was pro- 
nounced infectious and a sanitorium for the treatment of 
such patients was established. 

Gambling at race tracks and all other places was pro- 
hibited by law in 1894 and in 1897 a constitutional amend- 
ment was adopted to the same effect. 

In 1907 the first primary law went Into operation. In 
1911, the direct primary was extended to the offices of 
governor and representatives in Congress. In 1915 it was 
extended to the office of United States Senator. In 1911, 
a blanket form of ballot was adopted. In 1907 the Board 
of Railroad Commissioners for the State of New Jersey 
was created, and in 1910, the name was changed to the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners. In 1911, the Em- 
ployers' Liability act was passed. 

The admirable system of public education in New Jersey 
deserves more than passing notice. The first ' steps were 
taken during the colonial period, and soon after the Revo- 
lution a number of private schools and academies were es- 
tablished. In 1816, the Legislature ordered that the sum 
of $15,000 should be invested in a Permanent Educational 
Fund. During the following two years, this sum was in- 
creased to .$113,236.78. In 1824, a tenth of the State tax 
was added to the school fund. Improvement was continually 
made in the educational lacilities. the annual appropriation 
being increased in 1838 to $30,000. The new Constitution 
adopted in 1844, prohibited the diversion of any part of the 
school fund under any pretext. Two years later every town- 
ship was required to raise the same amount contributed 
by the State, and in 1851 the State appropriation was in- 
creased to $40,000. 

Since no one is considered qualified to follow a profession 
without special training, it followed that that of the teacher 
should receive the same preparation. In 1855, the first 
State Normal School was opened in Trenton and proved 
highly successful. It has been followed by others with the 
most beneficial results to the cause of education throughout 
the State. 

In 1867, the whole school system was remodeled and 
placed on a sound basis. Provision was made for the con- 
tinual maintenance of the Normal School and the Model, 
or training school, attached to it; for the examination and 
licensing of teachers ; for increasing the State Educational 
Fund ; defining the duties of district and township trus- 



16 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

tees, the city boards of education, the county superintend- 
ents, the State superintendent and the State Board of Edu- 
cation. 

In 1881, an act was passed by the Legislature to encourage 
the establishment of schools for industrial education. In 
1888, manual training was provided for and several such 
institutions have been established. The Compulsory Edu- 
cation law went into effect in 1884. Parents and guardians 
are compelled to send children between the ages of seven 
and fourteen years to school each day the schools are in 
session, or provide for their instruction at home or else- 
where. The State College for Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts is connected with Rutgers College at New Brunswick. 
Candidates for this course are examined annually at the 
county seat of each county. The number of pupils is limited 
to sixty and tuition is free. Other State institutions are 
referred to elsewhere. 

One of the most beneficent enterprises with which New 
Jersey is specially identified is the life-saving service. The 
United States has more than ten thousand miles of sea 
and lake coast. Thousands of lives and untold millions of 
dollars of property have been swept down to death and 
destruction by the fearful storms which at times rage over 
these waters. Of all the vast extent of coast, there is none 
more dangerous than that of New Jersey. The causes of 
this is the peculiar formation of the Long Island and Now 
Jersey shores, and the fact that a bar runs parallel with 
the beach at a distance therefrom of from two hundrel 
yards to a mile. The water on this bar is shallow, and 
many a ship, when driven towai'd shore goes to pieces long 
before it can be reached by the anxious watchers on the 
beach. 

One of the residents of Monmouth county who was deeply 
impressed by the frightful loss of life was Dr. William A. 
Newell, a member of Congress from 1848 to 1851, and 
governor of New Jersey from 1857 to 1860. It is worth 
mentioning in this place that Dr. Newell was in Congress 
when John Quincy Adams was stricken with apoplexy and 
caught him in his arms as he was falling. Dr. Newell, 
during the first part of his term, secured an appropriation 
of $10,000 for the protection of life and property from 
shipwreck on the coast between Sandy Hook and Little Egg 
Harbor. Some months later, the ship Ayrshire was driven 
on Squan Beach. The life car was employed to bring the 
202 passengers and crew ashore and only one man -who re- 
fused to enter the car was drowned. Instances without 
number occurred, when with the help of the life-saving 
crew, not a single life was lost, when without such aid all 
would have perished. 

At the close of 1914. the life-saving establishments in 
the United States included 285 stations, 203 being on the 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 17 

Atlantic and Gulf coasts, 62 on the lakes, 19 on the Pacific 
coast, 1 at Nome, Alaska, and 1 at the falls of the Ohio, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Since the establishment of the life-saving service down to 
June 30th, 1914, the number of disasters was 28,121 ; 
value of property involved, $355,401,084 ; value of property 
saved, $288,871,237 ; value of property lost, $66.529,847 ; 
persons involved, 178,741 ; persons lost, 1,455 ; shipwrecked 
persons succored at stations, 28,711 ; days' succor afforded, 
59,659. 

In addition to the 522 disasters in 1914, there were 1,415 
casualties to lesser craft, such as launches, sailboats, row- 
boats, &c., on which were 3,757 persons of whom all were 
saved excepting 12. 

As in every State and in the National government, the 
government consists of the legislative, executive and ju- 
diciary. The last named embraces the courts. 

Justice's Cotirt. — This is the lowest court with common 
law and criminal jurisdiction. Suits involving no more than 
$200 may be tried in it, and appeal can be had to the 
Court of Quarter Sessions. 

Police Court. — This is composed of a police justice, or a 
justice of the peace appointed by him. His criminal juris- 
diction in the city for which he is appointed is the same 
as that of a justice of the peace. He tries cases of vio- 
lation of city ordinances and appeal is to the Court of 
Common Pleas, or Quarter Sessions, or to the Supreme or 
Circuit Court. 

District Court. — The jurisdiction of this court is limited 
to the county in which the court is held. It has authority 
in all suits of a civil nature in which the sum involved 
does not exceed $500, exclusive of costs, including disputes 
between landlords and tenants and replevin and attachment 
cases. Appeal is to the Supreme Court. 

Court of Quarter Sessions. — This court has jurisdiction 
over all offences of an indictable nature within the county, 
except treason and murder. As a court of common law 
jurisdiction, it can hear only appeals from the justices' 
courts and the police courts. 

Court of Common Pleas. — The jurisdiction of this court 
is extensive. It holds three stated terms each year and 
special terms when so ordered by the Supreme Court. Its 
original jurisdiction includes all personal actions not in- 
volving the freehold ; the changing of the name of any 
town or village in the county or of any person on his 
request ; cases relating to insolvency, roads and wrecks ; 
the property of absconding debtors ; applications for exemp- 
tion from military duty, and it decides suits against con- 
stables who neglect to execute warrants. It grants licenses 
and tries cases referred to it by the Circuit Court. The 
presiding oflScer is a judge appointed to that office. The 
S 



IS HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

justice of the Supreme Court, holding the Circuit Court 
within the county, is ex-officio judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas. It can try cases referred to it hy the Circuit Court 
and certify the same to the Supreme Court. 

Circuit Court.- — This court has concurrent jurisdiction with 
the Supreme Court except in criminal cases and has author- 
ity to try Supreme Court issues. It holds three stated 
terms annually and a special term when so ordered by a 
justice of the Supreme Court. Appeals are taken to the 
Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Supreme Court of Judicature. — The chief justice and eight 
associate justices compose this court, which may he held 
hy any one of the nine justices. It meets in Trenton on the 
third Tuesday in February and the first Tuesdays respec- 
tively of June and November. Special terms may be ordered 
by the chief justice or any two associate justices. Its 
jurisdiction covers all real, personal or mixed actions at 
common law, and it has power to decide when the laws 
and joint resolutions have not been duly passed and ap- 
proved. It has authority to review the proceedings of other 
courts and the only appeal is to the Court of Errors and 
Appeals. The business of this court has grown to such an 
extent that it has been divided into parts I., II. and III. 

Court of Errors and AppeaU. — This court is composed of 
the chancellor, the justices of the Supreme Court and six 
specially appointed justices. It is the highest tribunal in 
the State from whose decisions there is no appeal. 

Court of Chancery. — The members of this court are the 
chancellor and eight vice-chancellors. Its function is to 
give such relief as is not given by the common law courts, 
and appeal must be made to the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Surrogate Court. — Each county has a surrogate whose 
duties mainly relate to will cases. Appeals have to be 
made to the Orphans' Court of the county. 

Orphans' CouH. — This court is held by the judge of the 
Court of common Pleas, the justices of the Supreme Court 
being judges ex-officio. It decides all disputes relating to 
wills, the accounts of executors, the recovery of legacies, 
the mental condition of persons in the military, naval or 
marine service, the division of estates, &c. 

Prerogative Court. — The chancellor is the judge of the 
Prerogative Court, which has authority to grant the probate 
of wills, letters of administration and the settlement of 
disputes relating to the same. Its decisions are to the 
Court of EiTors and Appeals. 

Cotirt for the Trial of Impeachments. — This court con- 
sists of the senate which tries the governor or any officer 
of the State for misdemeanor while holding such office. 
The impeachment must be by the assembly. A two-thirds 
vote is necessary to convict and from such conviction there 
is no appeal. 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 19 

Court of Pardons. — This court consists of the governor, 
chancellor and the six judges of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals. A majority of the court of whom the governor 
must be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, grant pardons 
after conviction except in cases of impeachment, and com- 
mute sentences of death to imprisonment at hard labor 
for life or a stated number of years. There is no appeal 
from the judgment of this court. 

Court of Oyer and Terminer. — This court is composed of 
any Supreme Court justice and the judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas. It meets in the respective counties and has 
jurisdiction over all offences of an indictable nature, from 
which appeal may be made to the Supreme Court. 

In addition to the courts specified, there. is one for the 
trial of juvenile offenders, which is for the beneficent pur- 
pose of reforming rather than punishing youthful criminals, 
and the Coroner's Court, whose duty is to inquire into 
the causes of all deaths in prison and of those elsewhere 
which have a suspicious appearance. No appeal can be 
taken from the verdict of a coroner's jury. 

It is a singular coincidence that the three presidential 
cabinet members from New Jersey down to 1877, were each 
Secretary of the Navy. They were, Samuel L. Southard, 
1823-29 ; Mahlon Dickerson, 1834-38, and George M. Robe- 
son, 1869-77. The cabinet officers from this State, since 
the last-named date, were, F. T. Frelinghuysen, Secretary 
of State, 1881-85 ; .lohn W. Griggs. Attorney-General, 1898- 

1901, and Lindley M. Garrison, Secretary of War, 191.3 . 

Having done so well with the cabinet. New Jersey gave the 
nation her governor (Woodrow Wilson), in 1913, when on 
March 4th he began his four-year term as President of the 
United States. 

The population of New Jersey in 1790 was 184.139 and 
in 1915. 2.844.342. 



OHRONOLOGIOAL LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

Cornelius Jacobsen Mey (Director New Netherlands), 1624 

William Verhulst (Director New Netherlands) 1625 

Peter Minuit (Governor of New Netherlands) 1626 to 1631 

Bastiaen Janssen Crol (Director Gen. New Nether- 
lands) 1631 to 1633 

Wouter Van Twiller (Governor of New Netherlands) . . 1633 to 1637 

William Kieft (Governor of New Netherlands) 1633 to 1637 

Col. John Printz (Governor of New Sweden) 1642 to 1653 

Peter Stuvvesant (Governor of New Netherlands).... 1646 to 1664 
Philip Carteret (first English Governor) 1664 to 1676 

GOYBRNOES OF EAST JERSEY. 

Philip Carteret 1677 to 1682 

Robert Barclay (Proprietary Governor in England) . . . 1682 to 1690 
Thomas Rudyard (Deputy Governor) 1682 to 1683 



20 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

Gawen Lawrie (Deputy Governor) 1683 to 1686 

Lord Neil Campbell (Deputy Governor) 1686 to 1687 

Andrew Hamilton (Deputy Governor) 1687 to 1690 

Major Edmund Andross (Royal Governor of Nevr York), 1688 to 1689 
John Tatham (Proprietary Governor — rejected by 

Province) 1690 

Col. Joseph Dudley (Proprietary Governor — rejected by 

the Province) 1692 to 1697 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse 1698 to 1699 

Andrew Bowne (Deputy Governor) 1699 

Andrew Hamilton 1699 to 1702 



GOVERNOES OF WEST JERSEY. 

Board of Commissioners 1676 to 1681 

Edward Byllinge (Governor) 1680 to 1687 

Samuel Jennings (Deputy Governor) 1681 to 1684 

Thomas Olive 1684 to 1685 

John Skene 1685 to 1687 

Daniel Coxe 1687 to 1692 

Major Edmund Andros (Governor of New York) 1688 to 1689 

Edward Huuloke (Deputy Governor) 1690 

West Jersey Society of Proprietors 1691 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton . . » 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse (of both Provinces) ■. 1697 to 1699 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1699 to 1702 

EAST AND WEST JERSEY UNITED. 

Edward, Lord Cornbury, Governor 1703 to 1708 

John, Lord Lovelace (died in office) 1708 

Richard Ingoldsby, Lieutenant-Governor 1709 to 1710 

General Robert Hunter 1710 to 1719 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1719 to 1720 

William Burnet 1720 to 1727 

John Montgomerie 1728 to 1731 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1731 to 1732 

William Cosby 1732 to 1736 

John Anderson (President of Council) 1736 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1736 to 1738 

(The foregoing were also Governors of New York at the same 
time.) 

SEPARATE FROM NEW YORK. 

Lewis Morris 1738 to 1746 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1746 to 1747 

John Reading (President of Council) 1747 

Jonathan Belcher 1747 to 1757 

Thomas Pownall, Lieutenant-Governor 1757 

John Reading (President of Council) 1757 to 1758 

Francis Bernard 1758 to 1760 

Thomas Boone 1760 to 1761 

Josiah Hardy 1761 to 1762 

William Franklin 1763 to 1776 

FROM THE ADOPTION OF THE STATE CONSTITUTION. 

William Livingston (Federalist) 1776 to 1790 

William Paterson (Federalist) 1790 to 1792 

Richard Howell (Federalist) 1792 to 1801 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 21 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1801 to 1802 

John Lambert, President of Council and Acting Gov- 
ernor (Democrat) 1802 to 1803 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1803 to 1812 

Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 1813 to 1813 

William S. Pennington (Democrat) 1813 to 1815 

Mahlon Dickerson (Democrat) 1815 to 1817 

Isaac H. Williamson (Federalist) 1817 to 1829 

Garret D. Wall (Democrat) 1829 decl'd 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1829 to 1832 

Samuel L. Southard (Whig) 1832 to 1833 

Elias P. Seeley (Whig) 1833 to 1833 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1833 to 1836 

Philemon Dickerson (Democrat) 1836 to 1837 

William Pennington (Whig) 1837 to 1843 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1843 to 1844 

Charles C. Stratton (Whig) 1845 to 1848 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1848 to 1851 

George F. Fort (Democrat) 1851 to 1854 

Rodman M. Price (Democrat) 1854 to 1857 

William A. Newell (Republican) 1857 to 1860 

Charles S. Olden (Republican) 1S60 to 1863 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1863 to 1866 

Marcus L. Ward (Republican) 1866 to 1869 

Theodore F. Randolph (Democrat) 1869 to 1872 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1872 to 1875 

Joseph D. Bedle (Democrat) 1875 to 1878 

George B. McClellan (Democrat) 1878 to 1881 

George C. Ludlow (Democrat) 1881 to 1884 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1884 to 1887 

Robert S. Green (Democrat) 1887 to 1890 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1890 to 1893 

George T. Werts (Democrat) 1893 to 1896 

John W. Griggs (Republican) 1896 to 1898 

Foster M. Voorhees (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Feb. 1, '98, to Oct. 18, '98 

David O. Watkins (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Oct. 18, '98, to Jan. 16, '99 

Foster M. Voorhees (Republican) 1899 to 1902 

Franklin Murphy (Republican) 1902 to 1905 

Edward C. Stokes (Republican) 1905 to 1908 

John Franklin Fort (Republican) 1908 to 1911 

Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) 1911 to 1913 

James F. Fielder (Democrat), Acting Governor 

March 1, '13, to Oct. 28, '13 

Leon R. Taylor (Democrat), Acting Governor 

Oct. 28 to Jan. 20, '14 
James F. Fielder (Democrat) 1914 to 

OTHER ACTING GOVERNORS OF NEW JERSEY. 

The following is a list of Presidents of the Senate who served 
as Acting Governors, for brief periods, during temporary absence 
of regular Governors: 

William M. Johnson (Rep.), Bergen 1900 

Edmund W. Wakelee (Rep.), Bergen 1904 

Joseph S. Frelinghuysen (Rep.), Somerset 1909 

Ernest R. Ackerman (Rep. ) , Union 1911 

John Dyneley Prince (Rep.), Passaic 1912 

John W. Slocum (Dem. ) , Monmouth 1914 

Walter E. Edge (Rep.), Atlantic 1915 



22 UNITED STATES SENATORS. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



The following Is a list of the United States Senators for N«w 
Jersey from 1789 to date: 

Jonathan Elmer, March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1791. 

WiUiam Paterson, March 4, 1789, to November 23, 1790. 

Philemon Dickinson, November 23, 1790, to March 3, 1793. 

John Rutherford, March 4, 1791, to December 5, 1798. 

Frederick Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1793, to November 12, 1796. 

Richard Stockton, November 12, 1796, to March 3, 1799. 

Franklin Davenport, December 5, 1798, to February 14, 1799. 

James Schureman, February 14, 1799, to February 26, 1801. 

Jonathan Dayton, March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1805. 

Aaron Ogden, February 26, 1801, to March 3, 1803. 

John Condit, September 1, 1803, to March 3, 1809. 

Aaron Kitchell, March 4, 1805, to March 21, 1809. 

John Lambert, March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1815. 

John Condit, March 21, 1809, to March 3, 1817. 

James Jefferson Wilson, March 4, 1815, to January 26, 1821. 

Mahlon Dickerson, March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1829. 

Samuel L. Southard, January 26, 1821, to November 12, 1823. 

Joseph Mcllvaine, November 12, 1823. to August 16, 1826. 

Ephraim Bateraan, November 10, 1826, to January 30, 1829. 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1835. 

Mahlon Dickerson, January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833. 

Samuel L. Southard, March 4, 18-33, to June 26, 1842. 

Garret D. Wall, March 4, 1835, to March 3, 1841. 

Jacob W. Miller, March 4. 1841, to March 3. 1853. 

William L. Dayton, July 2, 1842, to March 3, 1851. 

Jacob W. Miller, January 4, l&il, to March 3, 1853. 

Robert F. Stockton, March 4, 1851, to February 11, 1853. 

William Wright, March 4, 1853, to March 3, 1859. 

John R. Thomson (died), February 11, 1853, to December, 1862. 

Richard S. Field (vacancy), December 12, 1862, to January la, 

1863. 
John C. Ten Eyck, from March 17, 1859, to March 3, 1865. 
James W. Wall (vacancy), January 14, 1863, to March 3, 1863. 
William Wright, March 4, 1863, to November, 1866. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, November, 1866, to March 3, 1869. 
John P. Stockton, March 4, 1865, to March 27, 1866. 
Alexander G. Cattell, March 27, 1866, to March 3, 1871. 
John P. Stockton, March 4, 1869, to March 3. 1875. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877. 
T. F. Randolph, March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881. 
John R. McPherson, March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1895. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1887. 
Rufus Blodgett, March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1893. 
James Smith, Jr., March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1899. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1895, to December 26, 1901. 
John Kean, March 4, 1899, to March 3, 1911. 
John F. Dryden, February 4, 1902, to March 3, 1907. 
Frank O. Briggs, March 4, 1907, to March 3, 1913. 

James E. Martine, March 4. 1911, to . 

William Hughes, March 4, 1913, to . 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 23 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 



When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which 
have connected them with another, and to assume, among 
the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to 
which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, 
a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that 
they should declare the causes which impel them to the 
separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, lib- 
erty and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these 
rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving 
their just powers from the consent of the governed; that 
whenever any form of government becomes destructive of 
these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish 
it, and to institute a new government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their 
safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that 
governments long established should not be changed for 
light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience 
hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, 
while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing in- 
variably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them 
under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, 
to throw off such government, and to provide new guards 
for their future security. Such has been the patient suffer- 
ance of these colonies, and s-uch is now the necessity which 
constrains them to alter their former systems of govern- 
ment. The history of the present king of Great Britain is 
a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, 
in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny 
over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to 
a candid v/orld: 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome 
and necessary for the public good. 



24 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of imme- 
diate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their 
operations till his assent should be obtained; and when so 
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would re- 
linquish the right of representation in the Legislature— a 
right Inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places un- 
usual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of 
their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them 
into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for 
opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights 
of the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative 
powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the 
people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in 
the meantime, exposed to all the dangers of invasions from 
without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for the nat-, 
uralization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to en- 
courage their migration hither, and raising the conditions 
of new appropriations of lands. 

>He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of 
their salaries; 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our Legislatures. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, 
and superior to, the civil pov/er. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitutions, and unacknowledged by 
our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended leg- 
islation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us; 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, 
for any murders which they should commit on the inhab- 
itants of these States; 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world; 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 25 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent; 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefit of trial by 
jury; 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses; 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a 
neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary 
government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render 
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing 
the same absolute rule into these colonies; 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments; 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring 
themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all 
oases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned 
our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny, already begun, with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 
»He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrection among ua, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and con- 
ditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A 
prince whose character is thus marked by every act which 
may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been v/anting in our attentions to our Brit- 
ish brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of 
attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the cir- 
cumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We 
have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, 
and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common 
kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inev- 



26 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



Itably interrupt our connections and corr-espondence. They, 
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consan- 
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, 
which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we 
hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace, friends. 
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States 
of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to 
the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our 
Intentions, do. in the name and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and de- 
clare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought 
to be. Free and Independent States; that they are also ab- 
solved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that 
all political connection between them and the State of 
Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and 
that, as Free and Independent States, they have full power 
to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish 
commerce, and do all other acts and things which Inde- 
pendent States may of right do. And, for the support of 
this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of 
Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our 
lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor, 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



Georgia — 

Button Gwinnett. 
Lyman Hall. 
Geo. Walton. 

South Carolina- 
Edward Rutledge. 
Thos. Hayward, Jr. 
Thomas Lynch, Jr. 
Arthur Middleton. 

■^^irginia— 

George Wythe. 
Richard Henry Lee. 
Thos. Jefferson. 
Benjan. Harrison. 
Thos. Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. 
Carter Braxton. 

Delaware — 

Caesar Rodney. 
Geo. Read. 

New Jersey— 

Richd. Stockton. 
Jno. Witherspoon, 
Fras. Hopkinson. 
John Hart. 
Abra. Clark. 



Maryland- 
Samuel Chase. 
Wm. Paca. 
Thos. Stone. 
Charles Carroll, 

of Carrollton. 

Pennsylvania— 
Robt. Morris. 
Benjamin Rush. 
Benja. Franklin. 
John Morton. 
Thomas McKean, 
Geo. Clymer. 
Jas. Smith. 
Geo. Taylor. 
James Wilson. 
Geo. Ross. 

New York— 
Wm. Floyd. 
Phil. Livingston. 
Fran's Lewis. 
Lewis Morris. 

New Hampshire — 
Josiah Bartlett. 
Wm. Whipple. 
Matthew Thornton. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



27 



]Vfassachusetts Bay— 
Saml. Adams. 
John Adams. 
Robt. Treat Paine, 
Elbridge Gerry. 

North Carolina— 
T\'m. Hooper. 
Joseph Hewes. 
John Penn. 



Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence, &c. — 
Step. Hopkins. 
William EUery. 

Connecticut- 
Roger Sherman. 
Saml. Huntington, 
Wm. Williams. 
.Oliver Wolcott. 



Ordered: IN CONGRESS, January 18, 1777. 

That an authenticated copy of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendency, with the names of the Members of Congress 
subscribing the same, be sent to each of the United States, 
and that they be desired to have the same put on record. 

By order of Congress. JOHN HANCOCK, 

A-ttest, Chas. Thomson, A true copy. President 

Secy. John Hancock. 

Presidt. 



28 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.* 



We, the people of the United States, in order to form a 
more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tran- 
quillity, provide for the common defense, promote the gen- 
eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to our- 
selves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Con- 
stitution of the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 

LEGISLATIVE POWERS. 
Section I. 
All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a 
Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 
Section II. 

1. The house of representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several States; and the electors in each State shall have 
the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislature. 

MEMBERS' QUALIFICATIONS. 

2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he 
shaU be chosen. 

RULE OF APPORTIONING REPRESENTATIVES 
AND DIRECT TAXES. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several States which may be included within 



♦This Constitution went into operation on the first Wed- 
nesday in March, 1789. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 29 

this Union, according to their respective numbers, which 
shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free 
persons, including those bound to service for a term of 
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all 
other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term 
of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. 
The number of representatives shall not exceed one for 
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least 
one representative; and until such enumeration shall be 
made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, 
six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, 
one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; 
South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. 

FILLING OF VACANCIES. 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation of any 
State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

OFFICERS-IMPEACHMENT. 

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other oflicers, and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

SENATE— HOW COMPOSED. 

Section III. 

1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of 

two senators from each State, chosen by the legislaturt 

thereof, for six years, and each senator shall have one 

vote. 

ROTATION OF SENATORS. 

2. Immediately, after they shall be assembled, in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the 
fourth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year. And if vacancies happen by resignation, or 
otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any 
State, the executive thereof may make temporary appoint- 
ments until the next meeting of the legislature, which 
shall then fill such vacancies. 



30 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a 
citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when 
elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall 
be chosen. 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be presi- 
dent of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be 
equally divided. 

SENATE OFFICERS. 

5. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-Presi- 
dent, or when he shall exercise the office of President of 
the United States. 

THE SENATE'S POWERS. 

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im- 
peachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be 
on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United 
States is tried, the chief justice shall preside. And no 
person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under 
the United States; but the party convicted shall, never- 
theless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judg- 
ment and punishment according to law. 



MEMBERS OF CONGRESS— HOW ELECTED. 
Section IV. 

1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for 
senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each 
State, by the legislature thereof; but the congress may, at 
any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing senators. 

WHEN CONGRESS SHALL MEET. 

2. Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 31 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF EACH HOUSE. 

Section V. 

1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do Itusiness; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in 
such manner and under such penalties as each house may 
provide. 

RULES, &C. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

JOURNALS. 

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of each house, on any question, 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

4. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

COMPENSATION, PRIVILEGES AND INCAPACITIES. 
Section VI. 

1. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and 
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, 
in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to 
and returning from the sam.e; and for any speech or de- 
bate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

APPOINTMENT TO OFFICE. 

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased, during such time; and no person holding any office 



5^ CONSTITUTION OP TitE tj. S. 

under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

REVENUE BILLS. 

Section VII. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house 
of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

PASSING BILLS, &C. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the house of repre- 
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, 
be presented to the President of the United States; if he 
approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origi- 
nated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour- 
nal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsid- 
eration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall be- 
come a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses 
shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of 
the persons voting for and against the bill shall be en- 
tered on the journal of each house respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had 
signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, pre- 
vent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 

ORDERS AND RESOLUTIONS. 

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concur- 
rence of the senate and house of representatives may be 
necessary (except on the question of adjournment), shall 
be presented to the President of the United States, and 
before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by 
him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, ac- 
cording to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section VIII. 
The congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, 
to pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 33 

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, im- 
posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United 
States. 

2. To borrow money on the credit of United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and 
uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 
the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of for- 
eign coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the 
securities and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish post offices and post roads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed 
on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, 
and make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of 
the land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the 
laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel in- 
vasions; 

IC. To provide for organizinz, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be 
employed in the service of the United States, reserving to 
the States, respectively, the appointment of the officers, 
and the authority of training the militia according to the 
discipline prescribed by congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legiskiatioii, in all cases whatso- 
ever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square), 
as may, by cession of particular States, and the accept- 
ance of congress, become the seat of government of the 
United States; and to exercise like Authority over all places 
purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, maga- 
zines, arsenals, dock-yards and other needful buildings; 
and— 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, 



34 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

for carrying- into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the govern- 
ment of the United States, or in any department or officer 
thereof. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section IX. 

1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, 
shall not be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year 
one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty 
may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten 
dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, 
the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law shall be 
passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless 
in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore 
directed to be taken. 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from 
anj' State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over 
those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one 
State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in 
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. < 

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 
States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust 
under them, shall, without the consent of the congress. 
accept of any present, emolument, office or title of any kind 
whatever, from any king, prince or foreign State. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF INDI- 
VIDUAL STATES. 

Section X. 

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or con- 
federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anj^thing but gold and 
silver coin a tender in paj-ment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the congress. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 35 

lay any imposts or duties on Imports or exports, except 
what may be absolutely necessary for executing its in- 
spection laws; and the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for 
the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such 
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of congress, lay 
any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of v.-ar in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, 
unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will 
not admit delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER. 
Section I. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of 
the United States of America. He shall hold his office dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows; 

HOW ELECTED. 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legis- 
lature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to 
the whole number of senators and representatives to which 
the State may be entitled in congress; but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGES. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and 
vote by ballot, for two persons, of whom one, at least, shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. 
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and 
of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign 
and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the president of 
the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all 
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The 
person having the greatest number of votes shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole num- 
ber of electors appointed; and if there be more than one 
who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the house of representatives shall immediately 



36 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

choose by ballot, one of them for President; and if no per- 
son have a majority, then from the five highest on the 
list, the said house shall in like manner choose the Presi- 
dent. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a ma- 
jority of the States shall be necessary to a choice. In 
every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall 
be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from 
them, by ballot, the Vice-President. [See Xllth amend- 
ment.] 

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes, 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

WHO MAY BE ELECTED PRESIDENT. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of 
the United States at the time of the adoption of this con- 
stitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither 
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not 
haver attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been 
fourteen years a resident within the United States. [See 
Xllth amendment.! 

ON THE DEATH, REMOVAL, &C., OF THE PRESI- 
DENT, THE POWERS AND DUTIES DE- 
VOLVE UPON THE VICE- 
PRESIDENT. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or 
of his death, resignation or inability to discharge the pow- 
ers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on 
the Vice-President; and the congress may, by law, provide 
for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, 
both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what 
officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
President shall be elected. 

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall neither be increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected; and he shall not receive, within that period. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 37 

any other emolument from the United States or any of 
them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

THE OATH. 

"1 do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend 
the constitution of the United States." ' 

POWERS. &C., OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section II. 

1. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army 
and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of 
the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and 
pardons for offenses against the United States, except in 
cases of impeachment. 

TREATIES, AMBASSADORS, &C. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds 
of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and 
by and with the advice and consent of the senate shall 
appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, 
judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the 
United States whose appointments are not herein other- 
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. 
But the congress may, by law, vest the appointment of 
such inferior officers as they think proper in the President 
alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of department. 

APPOINTING POWER. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions, which shall expire at the end of their 
next session. 

DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section III. 
He shall, from time to time, give to the congress infor- 
mation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 



38 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary 
and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, con- 
vene both houses, or either of them; and in case of disa- 
greement between ^em with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the 
United States. 

IMPEACHMENT, &C. 

Section IV. 

The President, Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or other high 
crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

Section I. 

The judicial power of the United States shall be vested 
in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the 
congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The 
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold 
their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their service a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

EXTENT OF THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

(See Amendments, Art. XI.) 

Section II. 

1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and 
equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the 
United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
or other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or riiore States; between a State and citizens 
of another State; between citizens of different States; be- 
tween citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
Citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens or subjects. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 39 

ORIGINAL AND APPELLATE JURISDICTION OP 
THE SUPREME COURT. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, and those in which a State shall be 
partj', the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. 
In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court 
shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, 
with such exceptions and under such regulations as the 
congress shall make. 

TRIALS FOR CRIMES. 

3. The trials of all crimes, except in cases of Impeach- 
ment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the 
State where the said crime shall have been committed; but 
when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at 
such place or places as the congress may by law have 
directed. 

TREASON— WHAT AND HOW PUNISHED. . 

Section III. 

1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in 
levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

2. The congress shall have power to declare the punish- 
ment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work 
corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of 
the person attainted. 

ARTICLE IV. 

ACTS, RECORDS, &C.. OF EACH STATE. 

Section I. 

Full faith and credit shall be given, in each State, to the 
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the congress may, by general laws, prescribe 
the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings 
shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

PRIVILEGES OF CITIZENS. 

Section II. 

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privi- 
leges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



40 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority 
of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be 
removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. 

SERVANTS, &C., TO BE SURRENDERED ON CLAIM. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under 
the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conse- 
quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged 
from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on 
claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be 
due. 

HOW NEW STATES ARE ADMITTED. 
Section III. 

1. New States may be admitted by the congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within 
the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States, without the consent of the legislatures of the 
States concerned, as well as of the congress. 

THE DISPOSITION OF TERRITORIES. 

2. The congress shall have power to dispose of, and make 
all needful rules and regulations respecting, the territory 
or other property belonging to the United States; and 
nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to 
prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par- 
ticular State. 

GUARANTY AND PROTECTION OF THE STATES 
BY THE UNION. 

Section IV. 

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature or of the executive (when the legislature can- 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 41 

ARTICLE V. 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION- 
HOW MADE. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution; or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for 
proposing amendments, which in either case shall be valid, 
to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, 
when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, 
as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the congress; provided, that no amendment which 
may be made prior to the year eighteen hundred and eight 
shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in 
the ninth section of the first article, and that no State, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VL 

FORMER DEBTS VALID. 
Section I. 
All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be- 
fore the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valia 
against the United States under this constitution as under 
the confederation. 

THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND. 
Section II. 
This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH NO RELIGIOUS TEST. 
Section III. 
The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State legislatures, and all ex- 
ecutive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever 



42 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



be required as a qualification to any office of public trust 
under the United States. 



ARTICLE VII. 

WHEN THE CONSTITUTION TO TAKE EFFECT. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
suflScient for the establishment of this constitution be- 
tween the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in the convention, by the unanimous consent of the 
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
seven, and of the independence of the United States of 
America the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President. 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



New Hampshire- 
John Langdon, 
Nicholas Oilman. 

Massachusetts- 
Nathaniel Gorman, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut- 
William Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman. 

New York- 
Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey- 
William Livingston, 
David Brearle, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Dayton. 

Pennsylvania- 
Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas Miflflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer, 
Thomas Fitzsimons, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morris. 



Attest 



William Jackson, 

Secretary. 



Delaware — 

George Reed, 
Gunning Bedford, Jun., 
John Dickinson, 
Richard Bassett, 
Jacob Broom. 

Maryland— 

Dan'l of St. Thos. Jeni- 
fer, 
James McHenry, 
Daniel Carroll. 

Virginia- 
John Blair, 
James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina- 
William Blunt, 
Rich'd Dobbs Spaight, 
Hugh Williamson. 

South Carolina- 
John Rutledge, 
Chas. Coatesworth Pinck- 

ney, 
Charles Pinckney, 
Pierce Butler. 

Georgia- 
William Few, 
Abraham Baldwin. 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 43 



AMENDMENTS 

TO THE CONSTITUTION of the United States, Ratified 
According- to the Provisions of the Fifth Article of the 
Foregoing Constitution. 



The following- articles proposed by congress, in addition 
to and amendments of the constitution of the United 
States, having: been ratified by the legislatures of three- 
fourths of the States, are become a part of the consti- 
tution. 

First Congress, First Session, March 5th, 1789. 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHT OF CONSCIENCE, FREEDOM OF THE 
PRESS, &C. 

Congress shall make no la-w respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE 11. 

OF THE MILITIA. 
A -well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

OF QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 
No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any 
house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OF UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 



44 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affir- 
mation, and particularly describing- the place to be 
searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

OF CRIMES AND INDICTMENTS. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land 
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service 
in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be 
subject, for the same offense, to be twice put in jeopardy 
of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be witness against himself; nor to be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor 
shall private property be taken for public use without just 
compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of 
the State and district wherein the crime shall have been 
corhmitted, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining 
witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- 
sel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

OF TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be other- 
wise re-examined in any court of the United States, than 
according to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

OF BAILS, FINES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 45 

ARTICLE IX. 

RESERVED RIGHTS. 

The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others, retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

POWERS NOT DELEGATED RESERVED. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved 
to the States respectively, or to the people. 

Third Congress, Second Session, December 2d, 1783. 

ARTICLE XL 

THE JUDICIAL POWER— SEE ART. 3, SEC. 2. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States, by citizens 
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
State. 

Eighth Congress, First Session, October 17th, 1803. 

ARTICLE XII. 

HOW THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 
ARE ELECTED. 
The electors shall meet in their respective States,* and 
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
State with themselves; they shall name, in their ballots, 
the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots 
the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, 
and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and 
certify, and transmit sealed, f to the seat of the government 
of the United States, directed to the president of the sen- 



•On the second Monday in January next following their 
appointment. 
tAfter the second Monday in January. 



46 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of 
the senate and house of representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates,* and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall 
be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed. And if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having the highest num- 
bers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as 
President, the house of representatives shall choose imme- 
diately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the Presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this pur- 
pose shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall 
be necessary to a choice; and if the house of representa- 
tives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of a 
choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of 
March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the President. The person having the 
greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the 
Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineli- 
gible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of 
Vice-President of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED— 13TH AMENDMENT, 

PASSED 1865. 

Section I. 

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a 

punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been 

duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 

place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Section II. 
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 



*On the 2d Wednesday in February, by the same act. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 47 

CITIZENS AND THEIR RIGHTS— 14TH AMENDMENT. 

Section I. 

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No 
State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, 
liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. 

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective number, counting the 
whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed; but whenever the right to vote at any election 
for electors of President and Vice-President, or for United 
States representatives in congress, executive and judicial 
officers, or the members of the legislature thereof, is de- 
nied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, 
or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebel- 
lion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of 
such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 



DISABILITY OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE 
REBELLION. 

Section III. 

No person shall be a senator or representative in con- 
gress, elector of President and Vice President, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a 
member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any State to support the constitution 
of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or 
rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof; but congress may, by a vote of two-thirds 
of each house, remove such disability. 



48 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S 

VALIDITY OF PUBLIC DEBT NOT TO BE QUES- 
TIONED. 

Section IV. 

The validity of the public debt of the United States au- 
thorized by law, including debts incurred for the payment 
of pensions and bounties for service in suppressing insur- 
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned, but neither 
the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any 
debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel- 
lion against the United States, or claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations 
and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Section V. 

The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropri- 
ate legislation, the provisions of this article. 



ARTICLE XV. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE NOT TO BE IMPAIRED. 

Section I. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State, on account of race, color or previous condition of 
servitude. 

Section II. 

The congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

[The fifteenth amendment passed at the Fortieth Con- 
gress.] 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 49 

ARTICLE XVI. 

POWER TO LAY AND COLLECT TAXES ON 
INCOMES. 

The congress shall have power to lay and collect 
taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, with- 
out apportionment among the States, and without 
regard to any census or enumeration. 

ARTICLE XVII. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS TO BE ELECTED BY 
THE PEOPLE. 

The senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two senators from each State, elected by the people 
thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have 
one vote. The electors in each State shall have the 
qualifications requisite for election of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State leg-islatures. 

Whenever vacancies happen in the representation of 
any State in the senate, the executive authority of 
such State shall issue writs of election to fill such 
vacancies, provided that the legislature of any State 
may empower the executive thereof to make temporary 
appointments until the people filL the vacancies by 
election as the legislature may direct. 

This amendment shall not be so construed as to 
affect the election or term of any senator chosen 
before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution. 
4 



50 PRESIDENTS. 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES, 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Wiiere From. Term of Office. 

1789. . .George Washington Virginia 8 years. 

1797... John Adams Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1801.. .Thomas Jefferson Virginia 8 years. 

1809 . . . James Madison Virginia 8 years. 

1817... James Monroe Virginia 8 years. 

1824... John Quincy Adams. . .Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1829. . .Andrew Jackson Tennessee 8 yeans. 

1837. . .Martin Van Buren New York 4 years. 

1841... Wm. Henry Harrison*. Ohio 1 month. 

1841... John Tyler Virginia 3 yr., 11 mos. 

1845... James Knox Polk Tennessee 4 years. 

1849. . .Zachary Taylorf Louisiana ly., 4m., 5d. 

1850... Millard Fillmore New York 2y., 7m., 26d. 

1853. . .Franklin Pierce N. Hampshire. .. 4 years. 

1857... James Buchanan Pennsylvania ...4 years. 

1861. . .Abraham Lincolnt Illinois 4y., Im., lOd. 

1865. . .Andrew Johnson Tennessee 3y., 10m., 20d. 

1869. . .Ulysses S. Grant Illinois 8 years. 

1877. . .Rutherford B. Hayes. . Ohio 4 years. 

1881... James A Garfield**. . .Ohio 6m., 15d. 

1881. . .Chester A. Arthur New York 3y., 5m., 15d. 

1885. . .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1889. . .Benjamin Harrison. ... Indiana 4 years. 

1893. . .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1897... William McKInleytt. . . Ohio 4y., 5m., lid. 

1901. . .Theodore Roosevelt New York 7y., 6m., 20d. 

1909... William H. Taft Ohio 4 years. 

1913. . .Woodrow Wilson New Jersey 



*Died in office April 4, 1841, when Vice-President Tyler 
succeeded him. 

tDied in office July 9, 1850, when Vice-President Fillmore 
succeeded him. 

t Assassinated April 14, 1865; died April 15, 1865, when 
Vice-President Johnson succeeded him. 

**Assasslnated July 2, 1881; died September 19, 1881, when 
Vice-President Arthur succeeded him. 

ttAssasslnated September 6, 1901; died September 14, 1901, 
when Vice-President Roosevelt succeeded him. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 51 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. • Name. Where From. 

1789 John Adams Massachusetts. 

1797 Thomas Jefferson Virginia. 

1801 Aaron Burr New York. 

1804 George Clinton New York. 

1813 Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts. 

1817 Daniel D. Tompkins New York. 

1824 John C, Calhoun South Carolina. 

1833 Martin Van Buren New York. 

1837 Richard M. Johnson Kentucky. 

1841 John Tyler Virginia. 

1842 Samuel L. Southard* New Jersey. 

1845 George M. Dallas Pennsylvania. 

1849 Millard Fillmore New York. 

1851 William R. King* Alabama. 

1853 David R. Atkinson* Missouri. 

1855 Jesse D. Bright* Indiana. 

1857 John C. Breckenridge Kentucky. 

1861 Hannibal Hamlin Maine. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee. 

1865 Lafayette C. Foster* Connecticut. 

1869 Schuyler Colfax Indiana. 

1873 Henry Wilsonf Massachusetts. 

1875 Thomas W. Ferry* Michigan. 

1877 William A. Wheeler New York. 

1881 Chester A. Arthur New York. 

1883 George F. Edmunds Vermont. 

1885 Thomas A. HendricksJ Indiana. 

1886 John Sherman* Ohio. 

1889 Levi P. Morton New York. 

1893 Adlai E. Stevenson Illinois. 

1897 Garret A. Hobart** New Jersey. 

1899 William P. Frye* Maine. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt New York. 

1901 William P. Frye* Maine. 

1905 Charles W. Fairbanks Indiana. 

1909 James S. Sherman** J^^ew York. 

1913 Thomas R. Marshall Indiana. . 



♦Served as President pro tem. of Senate. 
tDied In ofHce November 22, 1875. 
JDled in office November 25, 1885. 
**Dled In office November 21, 1899. 
•*Died In office October 30, 1912. 



52 STATE CONSTITUTION. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 



A CONSTITUTION agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of New Jersey, in convention begun at Trenton 
on the fourteenth day of May, and continued to the 
twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and forty-four, ratified by the 
people at an election held on the thirteenth day of 
August, A. D. 1844, and amended at a special election 
held on the seventh day of September, A. D. 1875, and 
at another special election held on the twenty-eighth 
day of September, A. D. 1897. 

"We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to 
Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He 
hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him 
for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit 
the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain 
and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES. 

1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have 
certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are 
those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing 
and obtaining safety and happiness. 

2. All political power is inherent in the people. Govern- 
ment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter 
or reform the same, whenever the public good may re- 
quire it. 

3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privi- 
lege of Vv^orshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to 
the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense 
whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship 
contrarj^ to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person 
be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building 
or repairing any church or churches, place or places of 
worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or min- 
istry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has de- 
liberately and voluntarily engaged to perform. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 53 

4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect 
In preference to another; no religious test shall be required 
as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no 
person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right 
merely on account of his religious principles. 

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his 
sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge 
the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions 
or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence 
to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the 
matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with 
good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac- 
quitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the 
law and the fact. 

6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
Issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the papers and things to be seized. 

7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but 
the legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, when 
the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a 
jury of six men. 

8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to 
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to 
be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, 
and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense. 

9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal of- 
fense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cogniz- 
able by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or 
navy; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of 
war or public danger. 

10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same 
offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable 
by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when 
the proof is evident or presumption great. 

11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the 
public safety may require it. 

12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the 
civil power. 

13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 



54 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time 
of war, except in a manner prescribed by law. 

U. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying 
war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them 
aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession in open court. 

15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines 
shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments 
shall not be inflicted. 

16. Private property shall not be taken for public use 
without just compensation; but land may be taken for 
public highways as heretofore, until the legislature shall 
direct compensation to be made. 

17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, 
or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases 
of fraud; nor shall any person be imprisoned for a militia 
fine in time of peace. 

18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, 
to consult for the common good, to make known their 
opinions to their representatives, and to petition for re- 
dress of grievances. 

19. No county, city, borough, town, township or village 
shall hereafter give any money or property, or loan its 
money or credit, to or in aid of any individual association 
or corporation, or become security for or be directly or 
indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds of any associa- 
tion or corporation. 

20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall 
be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or 
for the use of any society, association or corporation what- 
ever. 

21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be 
construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 



ARTICLE II. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE. 

1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this 
State one year, and of the county in which he claims his 
vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled 
to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, 
elective by the people; provided, that no person in the 
military, naval or marine service of the United States 
shall be considered a resident in this State, by being sta- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 55 

tloned i a any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place 
or station within this State; and no pauper, idiot, insane 
person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes 
him from being- a witness unless pardoned or restored by 
law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an 
elector; and provided further, that in time of war no 
elector in the actual military service of the State, or of 
the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be 
deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such 
election district; and the legislature shall have power to 
provide the manner in which, and the time and place at 
which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return 
and canvass of their votes in the election districts in 
which they respectively reside. 

2. The legislature may pass laws to deprive persons of the 
right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery. 

ARTICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. 

1. The powers of the government shall be divided into 
three distinct departments— the legislative, executive and 
judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or consti- 
tuting one of these departments, shall exercise any of the 
powers properly belonging to either of the others, except 
as herein expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IV. 

LEGISLATIVE. 
Section I. 

1. The legislative power shall be VCSted in a senate and 
general assembly. 

2. No person shall be a member of the senate who shall 
not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been 
a citizen and inhabitant of the State for four years, and 
of the county for which he shall be chosen one year, next 
before his election; and no person shall be a member of 
the general assembly who shall not have attained the age 
of twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhab- 
itant of the State for two years, and of the county for 
which he shall be chosen one year next before his election; 
provided, that no person shall be eligible as a member of 
either house of the legislature, who shall not be entitled 
to the right of suffrage. 



56 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

3. Members of the senate and general assembly shall bfc 
elected yearly and every year, on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in November; and the two houses shall 
meet separately on the second Tuesday in January next 
after the said day of election, at which time of meeting 
the legislative year shall commence; but the time of hold- 
ing such election may be altered by the legislature. 

Section II. 

1. The senate shall be composed of one senator from each 
county in the State, elected by the legal voters of the 
counties, respectively, for three years. 

2. As soon as the senate shall meet after the first election 
to be held in pursuance of this constitution, they shall be 
divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats 
of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the 
expiration of the first year; of the second class at the ex- 
piration of the second year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the third year, so that one class may be 
elected every year; and if vacancies happen, by resigna- 
tion or otherwise, the persons elected to supply such 
vacancies shall be elected for the unexpired terms only. 

Section III. 

1. The general assembly shall be composed of members 
annually elected by the legal voters of the counties, re- 
spectively, who shall be apportioned among the said coun- 
ties as nearly as may be according to the number of their 
inhabitants. The present apportionment shall continue 
until the next census of the United States shall have been 
taken, and an apportionment of members of the general 
assembly shall be made by the legislature at its first ses- 
sion after the next and every subsequent enumeration or 
censuSj and when made shall remain unaltered until an- 
other enumeration shall have been taken; provided, that 
each county shall at all times be entitled to one member; 
and the whole number of members shall never exceed 

sixty. 

Section IV. 

1. Each house shall direct writs of election for supplying 
vacancies, occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise; 
but if vacancies occur during the recess of the legislature, 
the writs may be issued by the governor, under such regu- 
lations as may be prescribed by law. 

2. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 57 

each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, 
in such manner, and under such penalties, as each house 
may provide. 

3. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine 
the rules of its proceeding's, punish its members for dis- 
orderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
may expel a member. 

4. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceeding's, and 
from time to time publish the same; and the yeas and nays 
of the members of either house on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. 

5. Neither house, during the session of the legislature, 
shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more 
than three days, nor to any other place than that in which 
the two houses shall be sitting. 

6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times 
in each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill 
or joint resolution shall pass unless there be a majority of 
all the members of each body personally present and agree- 
ing thereto; and the yeas and nays of the members voting 
on such final passage shall be entered on the journal. 

7. Members of the senate and general assembly shall re- 
ceive annually the sum of five hundred dollars during-" the 
time for which they shall have been elected and while they 
shall hold their office, and no other allowance or emolu- 
ment, directly or indirectly, for any purpose whatever. 
The president of the senate and the speaker of the house 
of assembly shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an ad- 
ditional compensation, equal to one-third of their allow 
ance as members. 

8. Members of the senate and general assembly shall, in 
all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileg-ed from arrest during their attendance at the 
sitting- of their respective houses, and in going- to and re- 
turning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in 
either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

Section V. 

1, No member of the senate or general assembly shall, 
during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or 
appointed by the governor, or by the legislature in joint 
meeting, to any civil office under the authority of this 
State which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall have been increased, during such time. 



58 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

2. If any member of the senate or general assembly shall 
be elected to represent this State in the senate or house of 
representatives of the United States, and shall accept 
thereof, or shall accept of any office or appointment un- 
der the g-overnraent or the United States, his seat in the 
legislature of this State shall thereby be vacated. 

3. No justice of the supreme court, nor judge of any other 
court, sheriff, justice of the peace nor any person or per- 
sons possessed of any office of profit under the government 
of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in the sen- 
ate or in the general assembly; but, on being elected and 
taking his seat his office shall be considered vacant; and 
no person holding any office of profit under the government 
of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either 
house. 

Section VI. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of assembly; but the senate m.ay propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but for 
appropriations made by law. 

3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or indi- 
rectly loaned in any case. 

4. The legislature shall not, in any manner, create any 
debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State which 
shall, singly or in the aggregate with any previous debts 
or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand 
dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, 
or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be au- 
thorized by a law for some single object or work, to be 
distinctly specified therein; which law shall provide the 
ways and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the interest of 
such debt or liability as it falls due, and also to pay and 
discharge the principal of such debt or liability within 
thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, 
and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and 
the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and 
no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general 
election, have been submitted to the people, and have re- 
ceived the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against it at such election; and all money to be raised 
by the authority of such law shall be applied only to the 
specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the 
debt thereby created. This section shall not be construed 
to refer to any money that has been, or may be, deposited 
with this State by the government of the United States. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 59 

Section VII. 

1. No divorce shall be granted by the le^slature. 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the legislature or 
otherwise in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bought or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling, 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

3. The legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, 
ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of con- 
tracts, or depriving a party of any remedy for enforcing 
a contract which existed when the contract was made. 

4. To avoid improper influences which may result from 
intermixing in one and the same act such things as have 
no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace 
but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title. 
No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its 
title only; but the act revived, or the section or sections 
amended, shall be inserted at length. No general law 
shall embrace any provision of a private, special or local 
character. No -act shall be passed which shall provide 
that any existing law, or any part thereof, shall be made 
or deemed a part of the act, or which shall enact that any 
existing law, or any part thereof, shall be applicable, ex- 
cept by inserting it in such act. 

5. The laws of this State shall begin in the following 
style: "Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey. " 

6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all 
money, stock and other property which may hereafter be 
appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treas- 
ury under the provision of any law heretofore passed to 
augment the said fund, shall be securely invested and re- 
main a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so 
much as it may be judged expedient to apply to an increase 
of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the sup- 
port of public free schools, for the equal benefit of all the 
people of the State; and it shall not be competent for the 
legislature to borrow, appropriate or use the said fund, 
or any part thereof, for any other purpose, under any 
pretense whatever. The legislature shall provide for the 
maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient sys- 
tem of free public schools for the instruction of all the 
children in this State between the ages of five and eigh- 
teen years. 



60 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

7. No private or special law shall be passed authorizing 
the sale of any lands belonging- in whole or in part to a 
minor or minors, or. other persons who may at the time be 
under any legal disability to act for themselves. 

8. Individuals or private corporations shall not be au- 
thorized to take private property for public use, without 
just compensation first made to the owners. 

9. No private, special or local bill shall be passed unless 
public notice of the intention to apply therefor, and of the 
general object thereof, shall have been previously given. 
The legislature, at the next session after the adoption 
hereof, and from time to time thereafter, shall prescribe 
the time and mode of giving such notice, the evidence 
thereof, and how such evidence shall be preserved. 

10. The legislature may vest in the circuit courts, or 
courts of common pleas within the several counties of this 
State, chancerj'- powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure 
of mortgages and sale of mortgaged premises. 

11. The legislature shall not pass private, local or special 
laws in any of the following enumerated cases; that is to 
say: 

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high- 
ways. 

Vacating any road, town p^ot, street, alley or public 
grounds. 

Regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties; 
appointing local offices or commissions to regulate munici- 
pal affairs. 

Selecting, drawing, summoning or empaneling grand or 
petit jurors. 

Creating, increasing or decreasing the percentage or al- 
lowance of public officers during the term for which said 
officers were elected or appointed. 

Changing the law of descent. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
any exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual the 
right to lay down railroad tracks. 

Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal cases. 

Providing for the management and support of free public 
schools. 

The legislature shall pass general laws providing for the 
cases enumerated in this paragraph, and for all other cases 
which, in its judgment, may be provided for by general 
laws. The legislature shall pass no special act conferring 
corporate powers, but they shall pass general laws under 
which corporations may be organized and corporate powers 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 61 

of every nature obtained, subject, nevertheless, to repea\ 
or alteration at the will of the legislature. 

12. Property shall be assessed for taxes under general 
laws, and by uniform rules, according to its true value. 

Section VIII. 

1. Members of the legislature shall, before they enter on 
the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear [or affirm, as the case may be,] 
that I will support the constitution of the United States 
and the constitution of the State of New Jersey, and that 
I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator [or mem- 
ber of the general assembly, as the case may be,] accord- 
ing to the best of my ability." 

And members-elect of the senate or general assembly 
are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said 
oath or affirmation. 

2. Every officer of the legislature shall, before he enters 
upon his duties, take and subscribe the following oath or 
affirmation: "I do solemnly promise and swear [or af- 
firm] that I will faithfully, impartially and justly perform 

all the duties of the office of , to the best of my 

ability and understanding; that I will carefully preserve 
all records, papers, writings or property intrusted to me 
for safe-keeping by virtue of my office, and make such 
disposition of the same as may be required by law." 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a governor. 

2. The governor shall be elected by the legal voters of 
this State. The person having the highest number of votes 
shall be the governor; but if two or more shall be equal 
and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen gov- 
ernor by the vote of a majority of the members of both 
houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office 
of governor shall be determined in such manner as the 
legislature shall direct by law. When a governor is to be 
elected by the people, such election shall be held at the 
time when and at the places where the people shall re- 
spectively vote for members of the legislature. 

3. The governor shall hold his office for three years, to 
commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing 
the election for governor by the people, and to end on the 



62 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

Monday preceding the third Tuesday of January, three 
years thereafter; and he shall be incapable of holding 
that office for three years next after his term of service 
shall have expired; and no appointment or nomination to 
office shall be made bj' the governor during the last week 
of his said term. 

4. The governor shall be not less than thirty years of 
age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citi- 
zen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven 
years next before his election, unless he shall have been 
absent during that time on the public business of the 
United States cr of this State. 

5. The governor shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation 'which shall be neither increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected. 

6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; he shall have power to con- 
vene the legislature, or the senate alone, whenever in his 
opinion public necessity requires it; he shall communicate 
by message to the legislature at the opening of each ses- 
sion, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, 
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures 
as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws 
be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal of 
the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be re- 
quired to be commissioned. 

7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall 
be presented to the governor; if he approve he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the 
house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter 
the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to re- 
consider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of 
the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved of by a majority of the whole number of 
that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house 
shall the vote be taken on the same day on which the bill 
shall be returned to it; and in all such cases, the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and 
the names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the governor, within 
five days (Sunday excepted) after it shall have been pre- 
sented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as 
if he had signed it, unless the legislature by their adjourn- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 63 

ment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. If any bill presented to the governor contain sev- 
eral items of appropriations of money, he may object to 
one or more of such items while approving- of the other 
portions of the bill. In such case he shall append to the 
bill, at the time of signing it, a statement of the items to 
which he objects, and the appropriation so objected to 
shall not take effect. If the legislature be in session he 
shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated, 
a copy of such statement, and the items objected to shall 
be separately reconsidered. If, on reconsideration, one 
or more of such items be approved by a majority of the 
members elected to each house, the same shall be a part 
of the law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. 
A.11 the provisions of this section in relation to bills not 
approved by the governor shall apply to cases in which 
he shall withhold his approval from any item or items 
contained in a bill appropriating money. 

8. No member of congress, or person holding an office 
under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the 
office of governor; and in case the governor, or person 
administering the government shall accept any office un- 
der the United States or this State, his office of governor 
shall thereupon be vacant. Nor shall he be elected by the 
legislature to any office under the government of this State 
or of the United States, during the term for which he shall 
nave been elected governor. 

9. The governor, or person administering the government, 
■shall have power to suspend the collection of fines and for- 
feitures, and to grant reprieves, to extend until the expira- 
tion of a time not exceeding ninety days after conviction; 
'out this power shall not extend to cases of impeachment. 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, the chancellor, and the six judges of the court of 
errors and appeals, or a major part of them, of whom the 
governor, or person administering the government, shall 
be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, 
after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 

11. The governor and all other civil officers under this 
State shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in 
office during their continuance in office, and for two years 
thereafter. 

12. In case of the death, resignation or removal from of- 
fice of the governor, the powers, duties and emoluments 
of the office shall devolve upon the president of the sen- 
ate, and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then 
upon the speaker of the house of assembly, for the time 



64 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

being, until another governor shall be elected and quali- 
fied; but in such case another governor shall be chosen at 
the next election for members of the legislature, unless 
such death, resignation or removal shall occur within 
thirty days immediately preceding such next election, in 
which case a governor shall be chosen at the second suc- 
ceeding election for members of the legislature. When a 
vacancy happens, during the recess of the legislature, in 
any office which is to be filled by the governor and senate, 
or by the legislature in joint meeting, the governor shall 
fill such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the 
end of the next session of the legislature, unless a suc- 
cessor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy hap- 
pens in the office of clerk or surrogate of any county, the 
governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission 
shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified. No 
person who shall have been nominated to the senate by 
the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

^13. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his ab- 
sence from the State or inability to discharge the duties 
of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the 
office shall devolve upon the president of the senate; and 
in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the 
speaker of the house of assembly for the time being, until 
the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be ac- 
quitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, 
or until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor from 
any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case 
of the death of the governor-elect before he is qualified into 
office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the president of the senate or speaker of the 
house of assembly, as above provided for, until a new gov- 
ernor be elected and qualified. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

Section I. 

1. The judicial power shall be vested in a court of errors 
and appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; 
a court for the trial of impeachments; a court of chancery; 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 65 

a prerogative court; a supreme court; circuit courts, and 
such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be here- 
after ordained and established by law; which inferior 
courts the legislature may alter or abolish, as the public 
good shall require. 

Section II. 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of the 
chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six 
judges, or a major part of them; which judges are to be 
appointed for six years. 

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the 
six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that 
the seat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in 
order that thereafter one judge may be annually ap- 
pointed. 

3. Such of the six judges as shall attend the court shall 
receive, respectively, a per diem compensation, to be pro- 
vided by law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

5. When an appeal from an order or decree shall be 
heard, the chancellor shall inform the court, in writing, 
of the reasons for his order or decree; but he shall not sit 
as a member, or have a voice in the hearing or final sen- 
tence. 

6. When a writ of error shall be brought, no justice who 
has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or 
against any error complained of, shall sit as a member, or 
have a voice on the hearing, or for its afllrmance or re- 
versal; but the reasons for such opinion shall be assigned 
to the court in writing. 

Section III. 

1. The house of assembly shall have the sole power of 
impeaching, by a vote of a majority of all the members; 
and all impeachments shall be tried by the senate; the 
members, when sitting for that purpose, to be on oath or 
affirmation "truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question according to evidence;" and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of all the members of the senate. 

2. Any judicial officer impeached shall be suspended from 
exercising his office until his acquittal. 

3. Judgment m cases of impeachment shall not extend 
farther than to removal from office, and to disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any ofllce of honor, profit or trust under 



66 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

this State; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be 

liable to indictment, trial and punishment according to law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

Section IV. 

1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor. 

2. The chancellor shall be the ordinary or surrogate gen- 
eral, and judge of the prerogative court. 

3. All persons aggrieved by any order, sentence or decree 
of the orphans' court, may appeal from the same, or from 
any part thereof to the prerogative court; but such order, 
sentence or decree shall not be removed into the supreme 
court, or circuit court if the subject-matter thereof be 
within the jurisdiction of the orphans' court. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the register of the pre^ 
rogative court, and shall perform the duties required of 
him by law in that respect. 

Section V. 

1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and 
four associate justices. The number of associate justices 
may be increased or decreased by law, but shall never be 
less than two. 

2. The circuit courts shall be held in every county of this 
State, by one or more of the justices of the supreme court, 
or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all 
cases within the county except in those of a criminal na- 
ture, have common law jurisdiction, concurrent with the 
supreme court; and any final judgment of a circuit court 
may be docketed in the supreme court, and shall operate 
as a judgment obtained in the supreme court from the 
time of such docketing. 

3. Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought 
by writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into 
the court of errors and appeals. 

Section VI. 

1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas in each of the counties in this 
State, after the terms of the judges of said court now in 
office shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be 
appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, 
which shall be for the unexpired term only. 

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges 
of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for 
jrdges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 67 

first day of April in every successive year, except commis- 
sions to fill vacancies, which shall bear date and take ef- 
fect when issued. 

Section VII. 

1. There may be elected under this constitution two, and 
not more than five, justices of the peace in each of the 
townships of the several counties of this State, and in each 
of the wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a 
township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or 
less, it may have two justices; when it contains more than 
two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thou- 
sand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more 
than four thousand inhabitants, it may have five justices; 
provided, that whenever any township not voting in wards 
contains more than seven thousand inhabitants, such town- 
ship may have an additional justice for each additional 
three thousand inhabitants above four thousand. 

2. The population of the townships in the several coun- 
ties of the State and of the several wards shall be ascer- 
tained by the last preceding census of the United States, 
until the legislature shall provide, by law, some other 
mode of ascertaining it. 

ARTICLE VII. 

APPOINTING POWER AND TENURE OP OFFICE. 

Section I. 

MILITIA OFFICERS. 

1. The legislature shall provide by law for enrolling, or- 
ganizing and arming the militia. 

2. Captains, subalterns and non-commissioned officers 
shall be eleGted by the members of their respective com- 
panies. 

3. Field officers of regiments, independent battalions and 
squadrons shall be elected by the commissioned officers 
of their respective regiments, battalions or squadrons. 

4. Brigadier-generals shall be elected by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

5. Major-generals, the adjutant-general and quarter- 
master-general shall be nominated by the governor, and 
appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the 
senate. 

6. The legislature shall provide, by law, the time and 
manner of electing militia officers, and of certifying their 
elections to the governor, who shall grant their commis- 



68 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

sions, and determine their rank, when not determined by 
law; and no commissioned officer shall be removed from 
office but by the sentence of a court-martial, pursuant to 
law. 

7. In case the electors of subalterns, captains or field offi- 
cers shall refuse or neglect to make such elections, the 
governor shall have power to appoint such officers, and 
to fill all vacancies caused by such refusal or neglect. 

8. Brigade inspectors shall be chosen by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

9. The governor shall appoint all militia officers whose 
appointment is not otherwise provided for in this consti- 
tution. 

10. Major-generals, brigadier-generals a-nd commanding 
officers of regiments, independent battalions and squad- 
rons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, bri- 
gades, regiments,, independent battalions and squadrons, 
respectively. 

Section II. 

CIVIL OFFICERS. 

1. Justices of the supreme court, chancellor, judges of 
the court of errors and appeals and judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas shall be nominated by the gover- 
nor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate. 

The justices of the supreme court and chancellor shall 
hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at 
stated times, receive for their services a compensation 
which shall not be diminished during the term of their 
appointments; and they shall hold no other office under 
the government of this State or of the United States. 

2. Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be ap- 
pointed by the senate and general assembly, in joint meet- 
ing. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unex- 
pired term only. 

3. The state treasurer and comptroller shall be appointed 
by the senate and general assembly, in joint meeting. 

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until 
their successors shall be qualified into office. 

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk 
of the supreme court, clerk of the court of chancery, sec- 
retary of state and the keeper of the state prison shall be 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 69 

nominated by the governor, and appointed by him, with 
the advice and consent of the senate. 
They shall hold their offices for five years. 

5. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of 
the supreme court, or a majority of them; and the chan- 
cery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

6. Clerks and surrogates of counties shall be elected by 
the people of their respective counties, at the annual elec- 
tions for members of the general assembly. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

7. Sheriffs and coroners shall be elected by the people of 
their respective counties, at the elections for members of 
the general assembly, and they shall hold their offices for 
three years, after which three years must elapse before 
they can be again capable of serving. Sheriffs shall an- 
nually renew their bonds. 

8. Justices of the peace shall be elected by ballot at the 
annual meetings of the townships in the several counties 
of the State, and of the wards in cities that may vote in 
wards, in such manner and under such regulations as may 
be hereafter provided by law. 

They shall be commissioned for the county, and their 
commissions shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of May next after their election. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
elected to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired 
term only; provided, that the commission of any justice 
of the peace shall become vacant upon his ceasing to re- 
side in the township in which he was elected. 

The first election for justices of the peace shall take place 
at the next annual town-meetings of the townships in the 
several counties of the State, and of the wards in cities 
that may vote in wards. 

9. All other officers, whose appointments are not other- 
wise provided for by law, shall be nominated by the gov- 
ernor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate; and shall hold their offices for the time pre- 
scribed by law. 

10. All civil officers elected or appointed pursuant to the 
provisions of this constitution, shall be commissioned by 
the governor. 

11. The term of office of all officers elected or appointed, 
pursuant to the provisions of this constitution, except 
when herein otherwise directed, shall commence on the 
day of the date of their respective commissions; but no 



TO STATE CONSTITUTION. 

commission for any office shall bear date prior to the ex- 
piration of the term of the incumbent of said officei 

ARTICLE VIII. 

GENERAL PROVISIONS. 

1. The secretary of state shall be ex officio an auditor of 
the accounts of the treasurer, and as such, it shall be his 
duty to assist the legislature in the annual examination 
and settlement of said accounts, until otherwise provided 
by law. 

2. The seal of the State shall be kept by the governor, 
or person administering the government, and used by him 
officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of 
New Jersey. 

3. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and 
by the authority of the State of New Jersey, sealed with 
the great seal, signed by the governor, or person adminis- 
tering the government, and countersigned by the secretary 
of state, and it shall run thus: "The State of New Jersey, 

to , greeting." All writs shall be in the name of 

the State; and all indictments shall conclude in the follow- 
ing manner, viz., "against the peace of this State, the gov- 
ernment and dignity of the same." 

4. This constitution shall take effect and go into operation 
on the second day of September, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four. 

ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Any specific amendment or amendments to the constitu- 
tion may be proposed in the senate or general assembly, 
and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the 
members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be entered on their jour- 
nals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislature then next to be chosen, and shall be pub- 
lished for three months previous to making such choice, 
in at least one newspaper of each county, if any be pub- 
lished therein; and if in the legislature next chosen as 
aforesaid, such proposed amendment oi" amendments, or 
any of them, shall be agreed to by a majority of all the 
members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty 
of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or 
amendments^ or such of them as may have been agreed 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 71 

to as aforesaid by the two legislatures, to the people, in 
such manner and at such time, at least four months after 
the adjournment of the legislature, as the legislature sljall 
prescribe; and if the people at a special election to be held 
for that purpose only, shall approve and ratify such 
amendment or amendments, or any of them, by a majority 
of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legisla- 
ture voting thereon, such amendment or amendments so 
approved and ratified shall become part of the constitu- 
tion; provided, that if more than one amendment be sub- 
mitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and form 
that the people may vote for or against each amendment 
separately and distinctly; but no amendment or amend- 
ments shall be submitted to the people by the legislature 
oftener than once in five years, 

ARTICLE X. 

<3cheduj:^e. 

That no inconvenience may arise from the change in the 
constitution of this State, and in order to carry the same 
into complete operation, it is hereby declared and ordained, 
that— 

1. The common law and statute laws now in force, not 
repugnant to this constitution, shall remain in force until 
they expire by their own limitation, or be altered or re- 
pealed by the legislature; and all writs, actions, causes of 
action, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights of indi- 
viduals and of bodies corporate, and of the State, and all 
charters of incorporation, shall continue, and all indict- 
ments which shall have been found, or which may here- 
after be found, for any crime or offense committed before 
the adoption of this constitution, may be proceeded upon 
as if no change had taken place. The several courts of 
law and equity, except as herein otherwise provided, shall 
continue with the like powers and jurisdiction as if this 
constitution had not been adopted. 

2. All oflacers now filling any office or appointment shall 
continue in the exercise of the duties thereof, according 
to their respective commissions or appointments, unless by 
this constitution it is otherwise directed. 

3. The present governor, chancellor and ordinary or sur- 
rogate-general and treasurer shall continue in office until 
successors elected or appointed under this constitution 
shall be sworn or affirmed into office. 

4. In case of the death, resignation or disability of the 



72 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

present governor, the person who may be vice-president of 
council at the time of the adoption of this constitution 
shall continue in office and administer the government un- 
til a governor shall have been elected and sworn or af- 
firmed into office under this constitution. 

5. The present governor, or in case of his death or inabil- 
ity to act, the vice-president of council, together with the 
present members of the legislative council and secretary 
of state, shall constitute a board of state canvassers, in 
the manner now provided by law, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining and declaring the result of the next ensuing elec- 
tion for governor, members of the house of representa- 
tives, and electors of president and vice-president. 

6. The returns of the votes for governor, at the said next 
ensuing election, shall be transmitted to the secretary of 
state, the votes counted, and the election declared in the 
manner now provided by law in the case of the election of 
electors of president and vice-president. 

7. The election of clerks and surrogates, in those counties 
where the term of office of the present incumbent shall 
expire previous to the general election of eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-five, shall be held at the general election 
next ensuing the adoption of this constitution; the result 
of which election shall be ascertained in the manner now 
provided by law for the election of sheriffs. 

8. The elections for the year eighteen hundred and forty- 
four shall take place as now provided by law. 

9. It shall be the duty of the governor to fill all vacancies 
in office happening between the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and the first session of the senate, and not otherwise 
provided for, and the commissions shall expire at the end 
of the first session of the senate, or when successors shall 
be elected or appointed and qualified. 

10. The restriction of the pay of members of the legisla- 
ture, after forty days from the commencement of the ses- 
sion, shall not be applied to the first legislature convened 
under this constitution. 

11. Clerks of counties shall be clerks of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and quarter sessions of the several 
counties, and perform the duties, and be subject to the 
regulations now required of them by law until otherwise 
ordained by the legislature. 

12. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry 
into effect the provisions of this constitution. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 73 

State of New Jersey: 

I, George Wurts, Secretary of State of the State of New 
Jersey, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy 
of the Constitution of the State of New Jersey as amended, 
as the same is taken from and compared with the original 
Constitution and amendments thereto, now remaining on 
file in my office. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
[Li. S.] hand and affixed my official seal, this twenty-sixth 
day of October, A. D. eighteen hundred and ninety- 
seven. GEORGE WURTS. 



74 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

STATE INSTITUTIONS. 



THE STATE CAPITOL,. 

This edifice, a massive structure, erected at sundry 
times and added to at various periods, is located on 
West State street, near Willow street. The grounds 
have a frontage of 425 feet on State street and extend 
southerly a distance of about 700 feet to the Dela- 
ware river. The original plot, up to the year 1910, 
had a frontage of 310 feet, extended back in a parallel- 
ogram and embraced about 3^ acres. 

The seat of Government was fixed at Trenton by an 
act of the Legislature, approved November 25th, 1790. 
James Cooper, Thomas Lowery, James Ewing, Maskell 
Ewing, George Anderson, James Mott and Moore Fur- 
man were appointed commissioners to select, purchase 
or accept so much land as was needed, and to erect 
thereon suitable buildings for the use of the Legis- 
lature. They purchased a site, containing about three 
and three-quarters acres — a frontage on Second street 
(now West State street) of 247 feet and 6 inches, and 
a depth from the front to low water line of the Dela- 
ware river of 666 feet — at a cost of £250 5s. The old 
State House was a plain, bare-looking, rough-cast 
building, and was erected at a cost of £3,992 3s. i/^d. 
By an act of March 4th, 1795, a building was erected 
to serve as an office for the Secretary of State, and 
for the preservation of the public records, at a cost of 
£620 19s. lOd. Numerous improvements and repairs 
were made, and on March 3d, 1806, an act was passed 
appointing commissioners to make certain repairs to 
the State House, to provide and hang a suitable bell, 
&c. This was done, and the bell was used for inform- 
ing the members of both houses, as well as the courts, 
of the hour of meeting. The bell was eventually dis- 
carded, and an American flag substituted, which waves 
from the building unto this day, when the Legislature 
is in session, and upon holidays and State occasions. 
In 1848, the State House was altered by the removal 
of the rough-casting, and changing the style of the 
front by placing neat porticoes over the front and 
rear entrances, and erecting two additional buildings 



THE STATE CAPlTOL. 75 

adjoining the main one, as offices for the Clerks of 
the Chancery and Supreme Courts. The rotunda was 
also erected, and the grounds fenced, graded, laid out 
and shade trees planted, all at a cost of $27,000. The 
commissioners under whose direction the work was 
completed, were Samuel R. Gummere, Samuel R. Hamil- 
ton and Stacy A. Paxson. In 1863, '64 and '65, appro- 
priations were expended in building additions for 
the State Library, Executive Chambers, &c. In 1871, 
Charles S. Olden, Thomas J. Stryker and Lewis Perrine 
were appointed commissioners to cause a suitable ad- 
dition to be built — more commodious apartments for 
the Senate and Assembly, &c. The sum of $50,000 was 
appropriated, and the buildings for the Legislature 
were ready for occupancy in time for the meeting of 
the Legislature in 1872. In 1872, $120,000 was appro- 
priated for completing the building, $3,000' for fitting 
up the Executive Chamber, $4,000^ for fitting up the 
Chancery and Supreme Court rooms, and $2,000 for 
fitting up the offices on the first floor of the east wing. 
In 1873, the sum of $43,000 was appropriated for the 
improvement of the front of the building, completing 
unfinished repairs and improvements, and for fitting up 
the Library, &c. On March 18th, 1875, the sum of 
$15,000 was appropriated for the purpose of putting a 
new three-story front to the building, and to fit up 
offices on the second fioor for the Clerks of the Court 
of Chancery and Supreme Court, and for providing a 
suitable museum for geological specimens, and the 
battle-flags of New Jersey volunteer regiments, carried 
during the war of the Rebellion. 

On March 21st, 1885, the front portion was destroyed 
by fire, and the Legislature appropriated $50,000- for 
rebuilding, and in 1886, an additional appropriation of 
$225,000 was granted. 

The new building was finished in 1889. It is of rec- 
tangular shape and of the Renaissance style of archi- 
tecture, with a frontage of one hundred and sixty feet 
on State street, a depth of sixty-seven feet, and three 
and a half stories high, with a rotunda thirty-nine 
feet across, which connects the new section of the 
Capitol with the original part. The rotunda is sur- 
mounted by a dome one hundred and forty-five feet 
high. 



76 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

The building- has about sixty feet more frontage than 
the former one, and approaches about ten feet nearer 
the street. 

The walls are constructed of solid, fire-proof, brick 
masonry, faced with a light-colored stone from In- 
diana, known as Salem Oolitic, with foundations and 
trimmings of New Jersey free stone, from the Pralls- 
ville quarries, in Hunterdon county. The portico, door- 
head and trimmings about the door are of the same 
material. The portico, with balcony, is supported by 
massive pillars of polished granite and surmounted by 
the coat of arms of the State. 

The apartments used for offices are very spacious, fitted 
throughout in the most approved modern style, and each 
department Is supplied with one or more of the finest 
fire-proof vaults. The first and second stories are set 
aside for offices, and the entire third story is used for 
the State Library. This front portion, including the 
dome, was designed and constructed under the plans 
and supervision of L. H. Broome, architect, of Jersey 
City. 

The old State Library apartments have been im- 
proved and extended, and are now used as offices for 
the Attorney-General, State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction and Commissioner of Banking and Insur- 
ance. 

In 1891, a new Assembly Chamber was erected. The old 
one was too small and poorly ventilated, and besides, 
there was a lack of suitable committee rooms. The Leg- 
islature of 1891 passed a Joint Resolution, which was ap- 
proved on March 20th, authorizing the Governor "to pro- 
vide a suitable chamber and committee rooms for the use 
of the General Assembly of this State," «&c., and also, 
"to make such additions and alterations as will afford the 
necessary accommodations for the Supreme Court and 
Court of Errors and Appeals, or for other State offices, 
and sufficient money is hereby appropriated for that pur- 
pose, to be paid by the Treasurer of this State on the 
warrant of the Comptroller, after approval by the Gov- 
ernor." 

The new chamber was built by James W. Lanning, of 
Trenton, from plans prepared by James Moylan, of Jer- 
sey City, and under the superintendency of Bernard J. 
Ford of Newark. It covers the site of the former cham- 
ber, and extends beyond it to Delaware street on the 
east and to the water power on the south. It has a front- 
age on Delaware street of 120 feet and a depth of 75 feet. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 77 

The exterior finish and design of the building are similar 
to the adjoining portion of the Capitol. The foundation 
is of brown stone, from the Stockton quarries, and the 
trimmings of light Indiana stone. The mterior is flnisb 
ed In Trenton tile, quartered oak and Italian statuary 
marble. It is a fire-proof building throughout, and Is 
specially ventilated. The committee rooms are ample and 
convenient, and the interior design arrangement and fin- 
ish make it a model legislative chamber. It cost the 
State $140,500. The cost of the steam heating and ventilat- 
ing systems was about $25,000. 

The other new addition to the Capitol provides a consul- 
tation room for the Judges of the Supreme Court and the 
Court of Errors and Appeals and a private room for the 
Governor, a room for the Museum of the Geological Sur- 
vey, and other ofl[ices, and cost $34,500. 

. Two Otis elevators have been placed in the building, 
which gives easy access to all the upper fioors. 

In 1900 the Legislature appropriated $96,000 for additions 
and alterations to the Capitol, which included the cost of 
an electric light plant. 

A new Senate Chamber was erected in 1903, and was 
ready for occupancy in 1904, at a coat of about $182,000. In 
1904 about $60,000 was expended for other improvements 
In the Capitol. 

Another addition was made to the Capitol in 1907 at 
a cost of about $100,000. It is a massive structure of a 
classical style of architecture and is finished in stucco 
to match the rest of the Capitol. It contains four 
stories above a deep basement. The construction is 
fire-proof, consisting of solid brick walls, steel beams 
and columns and concrete floors. The exterior is at- 
tractive with its classic lines and Indiana limestone 
trimmings. The structure was designed and all the 
plans drawn by George E. Poole, State Architect. 

In 1911 the Legislature made an appropriation of 
$60,000 for the extension of the west wing of the front 
part of the building, and in 1912 $70,000 was appro- 
priated for the extension of the east wing. 

In 1910 and subsequent years to 1915, tlie State pur- 
chased Delaware street, the Green property which 
fronted on West State street, properties which fro*nted 
on Front and Willow streets and which extended to 
the old Water Power, now Sanhican creek, all of 
which embrace about the same area as the old State 
House site, ZV2 acres, making a total of about 7 acres 
north of the creek. 



78 THE STATE LIBRARY. 

The land across Sanhican creek, that has been ac- 
quired by the State, has been filled in to the river wall, 
is computed to be about 19 or 20 acres, making the 
sum total of the State's holdings about 26 acres. The 
river park has been laid out and completed by the 
St£(te and the city of Trenton, the area of which is 
about 40 acres. The old Revolutionary Barracks and 
the old Masonic Temple have been preserved on the 
park grounds. The State park contains about 19 
acres, is an up-to-date enterprise and presents a most 
beautiful and attractive appearance. The cost of all 
the improvements was about $400,000. 

THE STATE LIBRARY. 

This valuable collection of books is located on the third 
floor of the State Capitol. The old saying, "Great oaks 
from little acorns grow," most appropriately applies to 
this Institution. 

The first library of the State was a case ordered to be 
procured by Maskell Ewing, Clerk of the House of As- 
sembly, for the keeping and preservation of such books 
as belonged to the Legislature. It was ordered by a reso- 
lution passed March 18th, 1796. This was the nucleus of 
the present extensive library. On February 18th, 1804, 
William Coxe, of Burlington; Ezra Darby, of Essex, and 
John A. Scudder, of Monmouth, were appointed a Com- 
mittee on Rules to make a catalogue; they reported that 
there were 168 volumes belonging to the State, and pre- 
sented a code of seven rules, which was adopted. On 
February 10th, 1813, an act (the first one) was passed, en- 
titled "An act concerning the State Library." Up to 1822 
it appears that the Clerk of the House had charge of 
the books, as Librarian, and, on November 16th, 1822, an 
act was passed for the appomtment of a State Librarian, 
annually, by joint meeting. In 1846, on April 10th, an act 
was passed making the term of office three years. The 
Law Library at that time belonged to the members of 
the Law Library Association. The only persons allowed 
the use of the Library were members of the Association, 
the Chancellor, and the judges of the several courts. 
Stacy G. Potts was Treasurer and Librarian of the Asso- 
ciation. The Law Library was kept In the Supreme Court 
room until 1837, when the Legislature authorized the 
State Librarian to fit up a room adjoining the Librarj- 
for the care and reception of the books and papers be- 



THE STATE ARSENAL. 79 

longing to the State Library. Thus the two Libraries 
were consolidated. On March 13th, 1872, $5,000 per 
year for three years was appropriated for the Library 
by the Legislature, and by the act of March 15th, 1876, 
the sum of $2,500 was appropriated for finishing and 
refurnishing the Librarj- room. In 1S90, the Library 
was removed to the third story of the new part of the 
Capitol. 

In 1904 the Legislature made a special appropriation of 
$15,000 for the installation of steel stacks, and the shelf- 
space was doubled. There is room now for more thaji 
125,000 books and pamphlets. About the same time the 
decimal classification system was introduced and the 
work of making a modern card catalogue begun, which 
was practicallj' finished In 1905. 

THE STATE ARSENAL. 

The building now used as the State Arsenal was form- 
erly the old State Prison. It is situate on Second street. 
In the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton, and has on its 
front the following Inscription: 

Labor, Silence, Penitence. 

The Penitentiary House. 

Erected by Legislative Authority. 

Richard Howell, Governor. 

In the XXII. Year of American 

Independence, MDCCXCVII. 

That Those Who Are Feared For Their 

Crimes May Learn to Fear the Laws 

And be Useful. 

Hlc Labor, Hoc Opus. 

In the messages of Governors P. D. Vroom and S. L. 

Southard, recommending the erection of the new prison. 

It was proposed that the old one be converted Into an 

Arsenal for the safe keeping of the arms and military 

property of the State, which, previous to that time, had 

been kept in the old State Bank, corner of Warren and 

Bank streets, with accoutrements and camp and garrison 

equipage at the State House. After the removal of the 

State convicts from the old prison, permission was given 

to the county of Mercer to occupy it as a jail until Its 

jail, then in course of completion, was finished, and when 

it was again vacated It was converted Into an arsenal. 

Among the stores, &c., at the Arsenal are one bronze 
gan, French, of the date of 1758; two bronze guns, Eng- 



80 STATE HOSPITALS. 

Ilsh, four-pounders, and two iron six-pounders. There is 
also one gun captured at the battle of Trenton, December 
26th, 1776, and two guns captured at Yorktown, October 
19th, 1781. There are also a large quantity of fire-arms, 
ammunition, ordnance, tents, clothing, blankets, &c. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Trenton. 

This institution is located on the left bank of the 
Delaware River, about two miles northwest of the 
City Hall. The buildings are constructed of reddish 
sandstone, obtained from quarries near the hospital, 
and are located on an elevation of about seventy-five 
feet above the river. The front of the Main, or Ad- 
ministration Building, Is ornamented by a handsome 
porch of Ionic architecture, designed by the celebrated 
Notman, from which may be obtained one of the finest 
landscape views in the State. 

In 1844, after repeated and unsuccessful attempts 
to cause action to be taken by the Legislature for 
the building of a State institution for the special care 
and treatment of the insane, a commission was ap- 
pointed, chiefly through the earnest efCorts of Dr. 
Lyndon A. Smith, of Essex, and Dr. Lewis Condict, 
of Morris, and the eminent philanthropise. Miss D. L. 
Dix, to select a site. An appropriation of $35,000 was 
made to purchase the land and to commence the erec- 
tion of the building. The present site was selected 
by the commissioners from among many that were 
offered In various sections of the State, because of 
the large spring of excellent water found on the place. 
This spring was developed, and furnished a dally 
supply of about one-half million of gallons of pure 
water for many years. In the severe drought of 1880 
the supply was greatly diminished, falling off nearly 
two hundred and fifty thousand gallons. In 1907 the 
city sewer, running about 200 feet from the spring, 
burst or overflowed, and this caused contamination of 
the water supply, resulting in a typhoid epidemic, so 
that it was necessary to discontinue the use of the 
spring. At present the hospital is supplied with 
water by six artesian wells, one of which gives 150 
gallons of water per minute. The spring has been 
filled up, and thus an Important landmark destroyed. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 81 

Work was commenced on the main building in No- 
vember of 1845, and the hospital was opened for the 
reception of patients on tne 15th day of May, 1848. 
Numerous additions have been made from time to 
time to the building-, increasing its capacity. 

In 1887 the Legislature passed an act appropriating 
$100,000 for providing additional accommodations. The 
new building Is a handsome structure of red sand- 
stone, and similar to that used in the main building. 
This is five hundred feet long, three stories In height, 
and capable of accommodating three hundred patients, 
one* hundred and fifty of each. The building Is de- 
signed to accommodate the chronic Incurable class, 
and was a great relief from the overcrowded state 
that existed in the main building prior to its comple- 
tion. The building was completed within the appro- 
priation, and opened for the reception of patients 
In the month of October, 1889. 

Much has been done for the comfort and pleasure 
of the patients. A greenhouse has been erected for 
the purpose of furnishing plants and fiowers for the 
patients' corridors, handsome pictures adorn the 
walls, and everything about the hospital presents a 
comfortable and homelike appearance. 

The institution possesses a library, one of the larg- 
est, If not the largest, In this country, connected with 
a hospital for the insane. The books are accessible 
to all members of the household. They have been 
freely used, and do much to relieve the monotony of 
many an hour of hospital life. The library now con- 
sists of about 4,000 volumes, and is the result of the 
bequest of a former nurse (Anne Robinson) who, by 
will, bequeathed her earnings for several years as a 
nurse and attendant In this hospital. She made the 
bequest, as she herself expressed it when making her 
will, for the purpose of purchasing books to be used 
for the pleasure and benefit of those to whom she 
had, for so many years, endeavored to minister. 

During the year 1898 a handsome amusement room, 
capable of seating about four hundred, was finished; 
also", a large and commodious chapel, in which relig- 
ious exercises are held every Sunday, when various 
clergymen, without regard to denominational prefer- 
ence, officiate. The new chapel is capable of seating 
about five hundred patients. In 1904-1905 an appro- 



82 STATE HOSPITALS. 

priation of $250,000 was made for the erection of two 
additional wings to the annex building, which will 
accommodate 400 more patients. In 1905 the Legisla- 
ture appropriated $12,500 for the construction of Are 
escapes. 

A few years ago a modern laboratory building was 
erected, and at the present time is fully equipped for 
scientific work. 

In 1907 the new wings, spoken of above, were opened 
for the reception of patients, so that now the hospital 
Is not overcrowded. 

In 1908 the Legislature appropriated $111,000 -for 
extraordinary improvements, which included instal- 
lation of modern plumbing throughout the buildings, 
also tiling for toilet rooms, water sections, etc. 

Two buildings for tuberculosis patients, male and 
female, have been erected, and will accommodate 
twenty-five, each known as the "open air" ward. 

Since January 1st, 1908, there has been no mechan- 
ical restraint of any kind used in the hospital. All 
restraint apparatus, chairs, straight jackets, straps, 
etc., have been removed from the hospital building, 
and are stored away where no one can get at them. 

During the year 1909 the plumbing and tiling of the 
old building was completed, and the sanitary arrange- 
ments for the hospital have been considered by those 
competent to judge, to be the best of any public insti- 
tution of this character. 

In both the male and female departments a hydro- 
therapeutic apparatus has been Installed for giving the 
continuous bath treatment. This apparatus was made 
especially for the hospital, and has given satisfactory 
service in the treatment of acutely excited cases. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $103,000 for ex- 
traordinary improvements. Two farms in the neigh- 
borhood of Trenton Junction have been purchased, 
which will add 250 acres of farm land to the hospital. 
A new laundry has been erected and equipped with 
modern machinery, at a cost of $30,000. 

The Legislature appropriated $2,800 for research 
work, which enables the hospital to employ two 
trained field workers who go out in the community 
and look up facts regarding the patients' heredity 
and personal history, which gives valuable informa- 
tion to the medical history. They also engage in 
"after care" work', i. e., in visiting discharged patients 



STATE HOSPITALS. S3 

at certain intervals, investigating their condition, and 
reporting to the hospital any unusual conditions which 
have any bearing on the recurrence of mental disease. 
During the years 1910 and 1911 $5,000 has been spent 
for furniture for the wards. The Legislature of 1912 
appropriated $165,000 for new buildings, including 
one for the criminal insane. 

STATE HOSPITAIi. 

Morris Plains (P. O. Greystone Park). 

Further provision for the accommodation of the in- 
sane being made necessary by the overcrowded con- 
dition of the State Hospital at Trenton, the Legislature 
of 1871 appointed a commission to select a site and 
build a hospital in the northern part of the State. 

At a cost of $78,732.36 a tract of 408 acres of land, 
beautifully situated in the hills of Morris County, 
was purchased and work on the hospital buildings 
begun. 

Additional tracts of land have since been purchased 
at a cost of $32,318.00, making a total of 897 acres. 
at a total cost of $111,050. The original building, now 
known as the "Main Building," was erected, at a cost 
of $2,511,622. The "Dormitory Building" and a new 
reservoir, made necessary by its construction, cost, 
when completed, about $650,000; a new laundry build- 
ing, $18,200; the nurses' cottage, $20,000, and In 1907 
the annual appraisement placed the personal prop- 
erty of the hospital at $294,709, thus making the total 
cost of the entire plant approximately $3,605,581. 

The location is ideal for an institution caring for 
the mentally afflicted, and is unsurpassed in this par- 
ticular by any similar Institution in the United States. 
The buildings command a magnificent view of the 
surrounding country, and the air is cool and balmy In 
Summer and crisp and stimulating In Winter. 

The main building, opened In 1876, Is four stories 
In height, 1,243 feet In length, 542 In depth, and has 
ten acres of floor space, it contains the executive 
offices, receptions rooms, medical library, chapel, 
amusement hall and forty wards, which, when crowded 
to their full capacity, will accommodate 1,200 patients. 

In 1901 the dormitory building was completed. It 
Is situated 1,200 feet In the rear of the main building, 



84 STATE HOSPITALS. 

accommodates 600 patients, and is constructed on the 
day room and dormitory plan. On the fourth floor 
of the building- are well-equipped pathological and 
chemical laboratories, five splendidly-lighted rooms on 
the top floor of the northeast tower being devoted to 
this work. The laboratories have been well equipped 
with many of the latest and best Instruments for the 
prosecution of scientific, clinical and research work, 
and have proved to be a highly important adjunct to 
the purely psychiatric work of the hospital. 

A cottage for nurses was built in 1906. This is a 
three-story brick building, trimmed with sandstone, 
and is situated in front and to the south of the main 
group of buildings. It is within easy access of the 
female wards, and affords sleeping quarters for forty 
female nurses, who formerly, after working daily fif- 
teen hours with the insane, were compelled to spend 
their nights in this wards, in close proximity to noisy 
and disturbed patients. In addition to furnishing ac- 
commodation for the night, the cottage has a recep- 
tion room and library, where the nurses may spend 
their time when off duty. 

In order to give the hospital a better mail service, 
the United States government, on March 23, 1908, es- 
tablished a new post office in the main building of the 
hospital, and named it Greystone Park. The mail 
matter of the institution was formerly handled at 
Morris Plains post office, which is one and one-half 
miles from the building. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $15,000 for the 
erection of a new fire house. This ffre house provides 
stabling- quarters for two horses and sleeping room for 
twenty male employes who are always to be members 
of the ffre department. 

The same Legislature appropriated $40,000 for the 
erection of a male nurses' home. This building accom- 
modates seventy-six men nurses. 

A cold storage plant has been added to the Institu- 
tion which produces ffve tons of ice per day and also 
provides a room for the storage of hospital food sup- 
plies. 

The Legislature of 1911 made an appropriation of 
$15,000 for a dynamo and building, and there was also 
appropriated $10,000 for a building- for the seg-regation 
of tubercular patients. The same Legislature also ap- 



STATE HOSPITALS. 85 

proprlated $8,000 for screening the windows of the 
main building and dormitory building. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $69,000 for 
new buildings and alterations. 

A Training School for Nurses was established In 
1894 and it has proved to be of great advantage to the 
hospital in the humane care and treatment of the in- 
sane. A graded three-years' course is given to the 
nurses and consists of lectures and practical demon- 
strations given by the medical staff In anatomy, physi- 
ology, materia medica and therapeutics, chemistry and 
toxicology, obstetrics and gynecology, genito-urinary 
diseases, practice of medicine, minor surgery, practical 
bedside nursing and bandaging. The course is com- 
pulsory upon all who are employed as attendants, and 
since the establishment of the school, 226 persons have 
been granted diplomas. 

Further provision for the scientific treatment of 
patients has been made by the equipment of rooms, 
both in the male and In the female departments, with 
complete hydrotherapeutic apparatus and by the 
Installation of electrotherapeutic appliances, and a 
powerful static machine in a room in the main build- 
ing, convenient to both male and female departments. 

A room has also been set apart and fully equipped 
with Instruments and appliances for the examination 
and treatment of patients suffering from diseased 
conditions of the eye, ear, nose and throat. 

The medical library contains over 1,300 volumes of 
carefully-selected text books and reference works on 
medical and other scientific subjects, together with 
well-bound volumes of the annual reports of every hos- 
pital for the insane In the United States, Canada, South 
American States and many of the countries in Europe. 

Among the many Improvements added in recent 
years Is a new system of keeping case records. The 
complete record of each patient from the time he en- 
ters the hospital until he is discharged is kept in a 
separate envelope, filed vertically in steel cabinets 
especially constructed for the purpose. The files are 
thoroughly cross-indexed, which permits of needful In- 
formation being rapidly and easily obtained In any 
given case. 

Additional protection from fire has been provided 
by equipping the hospital with the Kirker-Bender type 
of fire escape. 



86 NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 

Fire drills are held at regular intervals so that the 
patients may become familiar with the location of the 
fire escapes and accustom themselves to their use so 
as to enable them in the event of fire to go through 
this means out of danger in an orderly and expeditious 
manner. 

The hospital has equipped Dental Rooms with the 
latest and most modern appliances, thus enabling the 
Resident Dentist to do scientific work for the patients 
needing dental attention. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $15,000 for a 
storehouse in which air supplies are kept, and $8,000 
was also appropriated for the construction of an in- 
dustrial building which is equipped with apparatus 
and supplies of the manufacture of a great variety 
of hospital utilities. 

The normal capacity of the institution is 1,600 
patients. In 1914 there were 2,500 patients under care 
and treatment, being 900 over the normal capacity 
and increasing annually by about 100. Owing to this 
condition the percentage of recoveries must of ne- 
cessity be small and the proper classification of the 
different psychoses is impossible. 

STATE NOR3IAIi AND MODEL SCHOOLS 

at Trenton. 

These schools are located at the junction of Perry 
street and Clinton avenue. There are two buildings, 
the school building on the west side of Clinton avenue, 
and the boarding halls and dormitories, situated on the 
east side of the avenue. These schools were estab- 
lished in 1855 by an act of the Legislature. The 
purpose of the Normal School was defined to be "the 
training and education of its pupils in such branches 
of knowledge, and such methods of teaching and 
governing, as will qualify them for teachers of our 
common schools." The Model' School was designed to 
be a place where "the pupils of the Normal School 
shall have opportunity to observe and practice the 
modes of instruction and discipline inculcated in the 
Normal School. 

The Normal School offers to graduates of approved 
four year high schools the following courses: a two 
year general course; a two year kindergarten course; 
a two year domestic science course; a two year com- 
mercial course; a two year manual training course; 
a four year high school teachers' course, equivalent to 
a teachers' college course; an industrial arts teachers' 
course given in conjunction with the Trenton School 
of Industrial Arts. Special courses are offered in voice 
training, piano and violin, and electives in advanced, 
work in a number of other branches. 

i 



NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 87 

The Model School begins with the kindergarten and 
includes a full secondary or high school curriculum. 
It offers three courses: The classical, Latin scientific 
and English. 

The buildings are equipped with laboratories, gym- 
nasium, and the modern appliances necessary to good 
work. 

The following figures show the first cost to the State 
and the present valuation of the Normal School prop- 
erty. The first cost to the State has been supplemented 
from time to time by the contributions of private in- 
dividuals, and by balances from the Boarding Hall 
receipts after meeting the annual expenses of the Hall. 

FIRST COST TO THE STATE. 
Original Normal and Model 

School Buildings $38,0'00 00 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 00 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 00 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 00 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 00 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 00 

Appropriation of 1903 5,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 101,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 9,248 52 

$248,248 52 

Original Boarding Halls $30,000 00 

Sundry Annual Appropriations.. 67,075 00 
Appropriation of 1904 40,000 00 

■ 137,075 00 



Total $385,323 52 

PRESENT VALUATION. 

Original School Buildings $51,000 OO 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000' 00 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 00 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 00 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 00 

Appropriation of 1897 25.000 00 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 85,000 00 

Furniture and apparatus 30,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 8,248 52 

$274,248 52 



88 MONTCLAIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 

Boarding Halls $71,000 00 

North Wing, 1893 30,000 00 

Principal's residence, 1893 16,000 00 

Buildings and lot, 1899 20,400 00 

Sundry Annual Appropriations.. 67,075 00 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 00 

Furniture 50,000 00 

$294,475 00 

Grounds 115,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 16,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 l.OO'O' 00 

Appropriation of 1915 4,000 00 



Total $704,723 52 

The enrollments in 1855 were as follows: Normal 
School, 43; Model School, 125. For the year ending 
June 30'th, 1915, these enrollments had increased to 639 
in the Normal and 460 in the Model. During its history 
the Normal School has graduated 5,870 students. 

The Principals of the schools have been as follows: 
William F. Phelps, A.M., October 1st, 1855, to March 
15th, 1865; John S. Hart, LL.D., March 15th, 1865, to 
February 7th, 1871; Lewis M. Johnson, A.M., February 
7th, 1871, to July 1st, 1876; "Washington Hasbrouck, 
Ph.D., July 1st, 1876, to February 10th, 1889; James 
M. Green,' Ph.D.. LL.D., February 10th, 1889, to the 
present. 

THE NEW JERSEY STATE NORMAL SCHOOL 

at Mpntclair, Essex County. 

The increasing demand for professionally trained 
teachers, and the inability of the State Normal School, 
at Trenton, to meet it, led to the passage of a resolu- 
tion by the Legislature of 1902 directing the State 
Board of Education to investigate as to the need of in- 
creased normal school accommodations and how best 
to provide them, should the board find the present 
accommodations inadequate. 

In its study* of the question the board discovered 
that there were 7.561 teachers in the public schools 
of the State, and that of this number 2,224 were grad- 
uates of normal schools, 457 were college graduates, 
and 1,663 graduates of city training schools, leaving 



MONTCT.AIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 89 

3,217 teachers, or nearly one-half of the entire num- 
ber, who had not had any special training. Of the 
graduates of normal schools employed, nearly forty 
per cent, came from other States, notwithstanding- the 
fact that the New Jersey State Normal School, at 
Trenton, was working to its full capacity. 

In its report to the Legislature in 1903 the board 
recommended that a normal school be erected in the 
northern part of the State. In 1904 the Legislature 
appropriated $25,000 for the purchase of a site. The 
board, after inspecting numerous sites, finally pur- 
chased a plot In the northern part of Montclair, in 
Essex County, at a cost of $25,000. The plot contains 
twenty-five acres and is 400 feet above sea level, giv- 
ing an uninterrupted view of Newark and surrounding 
towns and of the bridges and skyscrapers of New 
York City. The plot is large enough to accommodate 
the school building and dormitories, should it be found 
necessary in the future to provide them, and also to 
give a large campus and sufficient ground for illus- 
trating methods of teaching agriculture, which will 
in the near future be as Important a subject In the 
curriculum of a well organized normal school as Illus- 
trating the methods of teaching chemistry or litera- 
ture is at present. Within a radius of ten miles from 
the site selected there is a population of more than 
one million. 

In 1906 the Legislature appropriated $275,000 for 
the erection and furnishing of the building. The plans 
were prepared by State Architect George E. Poole and 
Assistant Architect Francis H. Bent, of the Depart- 
ment of Charities and Corrections. The mission style 
of architecture was adopted, and the material Is briok 
covered with pure white stucco, the roof being red tile. 
The building is 334 feet long and 133 feet deep, the 
centre and wings projecting. In front is an esplanade 
260 feet long and 44 feet wide, protected by a con- 
crete wall from which steps descend to the lawn. 

In the basement are the manual training and do- 
mestic science rooms, four rooms for observation 
classes, locker and dressing rooms, showers, recrea- 
tion and lunch rooms. 

On the main floor are the board room, the princi- 
pal's offices, a library 32x60 feet, the study hall and 
gymnasium, each 57x76 feet, two large lecture rooms 



90 MOKTCLAIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 

and eight class rooms. The study hall and gymnasium 
have ceilings twenty-five feet high, giving ample 
space for gallery and running track, respectively. 

On the second floor is the drawing room, 32x60 reet, 
with high ceiling and north light, three lecture rooms, 
large laboratories for chemistry, physics, botany and 
zoology, and dark rooms for photography. Teachers' 
rooms are provided on each floor. 

The finish is in hard pine, except the study hall, 
which Is in white and gold. The study hall will also 
be used as the auditorium. The walls of the labora- 
tories are of white tile and the floors of cement. The 
walls of the gymnasium are of cream-colored brick. 

The heating and ventilating plant is in a separate 
structure, located some distance from the main build- 
ing. The cost of the buildings, exclusive of furniture 
and grading, will be less than $250,000. 

The school was formally opened on Monday, Sep- 
tember 28, 1908. Addresses were made by Governor 
Port, President Hays, of the State Board of Education, 
Edward Russ, chairman of the Building Committee, 
and others. 

The regular sessions of the school began September 
15, 1908, with an attendance of 187 pupils. 

A class of 45 teachers was graduated in June, 1910, 
and 145 teachers were graduated in June, 1911. The 
membership of the school for the year ending June 30, 
1911, was 443. The demand for graduates of the 
school far exceeds the supply, and all graduates are 
now employed in teaching. 

The Principal is Dr. Charles S. Chapin, formerly 
Principal of the Rhode Island State Normal School. 

The school may be reached in three ways: 
. 1. By Erie Railroad — Greenwood Lake Division. The 
Montclair Heights station adjoins the grounds of the 
Normal School. 

2. By D. L. and W. Railroad to Montclair station, 
thence by Valley Road trolley to the grounds, 

3. By Bloomfield Avenue trolley with transfer at 
Valley Road to Valley Road trolley. 

Passengers by the Pennsylvania Railroad to Newark 
can take Bloomfield Avenue trolley at Newark station. 

Passengers by the Central Railroad of New Jersey 
to Newark can take Bloomfield Avenue trolley at cor- 
ner of Market and Broad Streets, Newark. 



NEWARK NORMAL SCHOOL. 91 

THE NEW JERSEY STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 

at Newark. 

The new State School building is centrally located 
between Broad street and Belleville avenue, at the 
intersection of Fourth avenue, and occupies, including 
its spacious grounds, an entire city block. The archi- 
tecture of the building is dignified as well as pictur- 
esque and is enhanced by the sunken garden, masses 
of bloom and hedges. The interior has been greatly 
admired for the beauty of its color scheme, its fine 
appointments and educational features. The building 
is equipped with an auditorium, gymnasium, labora- 
tories, manual training shops, sewing rooms, art 
rooms and spacious, well-ventilated class rooms for 
normal work. Special features are the demonstration 
rooms with raised seats, lecture rooms, conference 
rooms, a fine library, study halls and a splendidly 
equipped kitchen and dining room. The building also 
has a modern system of heating, lighting and ventil- 
ating and excellent sanitary conditions. 

This new building opened its doors under State con- 
trol September 16th, 1913, with an enrollment of 450 
students and a waiting list. It may be of interest to 
note that the school is so centrally located that only 
two students requested boarding places in the city of 
Newark. The trolley and railroad facilities are such 
that they can readily come and return to their homes. 
A dozen prominent high schools are within forty 
minutes of the school. 

A large practice school is connected with the Nor- 
mal where students are trained under actual school 
conditions and the aim is to graduate an efficient 
corps of teachers for the public schools of the State. 

The Principal of the new State School is W. Spader 
Willis, who for fourteen years was Principal of the 
City Normal School at Newark. 

THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

"The New Jersey State Reform School" was estab- 
lished by act of the Legislature approved April 6th, 1865. 
A farm of 490 acres was purchased for the purpose near 
Jamesburg, Middlesex county. 

The first boy was received July 6th, 1867. Its first Sup- 
erintendent was Rev. Luther H. Sheldon, who was in 



92 STATS HOME FOR GIRLS. 

office from April 10th, 1867, till April 1st, 1874, and was 
succeeded by James H, Eastman, who was Superinten- 
dent from April 1st, 1874, till September 15th, 1884. Upon 
his withdrawal Ira Otterson was made acting Superin- 
tendent, and on December 10th, 1884, he was elected Sup- 
erintendent. In 1902 Mr. Otterson was succeeded by John 
Wildes who, March 1, 1904, gave way to John C. Kalleen. 
In 1900 the name of The Reform School was changed to 
the State Home for Boys. 

Since founding the school, beside the Administration 
building, there have been erected on the campus eight 
family buildings (two of them double buildings), capa- 
ble of accommodating fifty boys each, a chapel, hos- 
pital, store and cook house. Industrial building, elec- 
tric light, heat and power, generating station and 
farm buildings, conservatory, up-to-date cow barn, 
piggery, all of brick, many of the buildings con- 
structed with bricks manufactured by the boys on 
the place. 

Besides domestic and farm labor, all boys are Instruct- 
ed in the rudiments of an English school education, and 
many receive instruction In shorthand and typewrit- 
ing and In the different mechanical branches and 
band music. 

In 1900 there was erected by boys' labor, under regular 
instructors, a building 40 by 100 feet, two stories high, in 
which are established schools for trade teaching. In 
1910, in this building, a complete outfit of machinery 
consisting of a planer, mortiser, universal and band 
saw, and others necessary to make it complete was 
supplied. While in the past, so far as the accommoda- 
tions would permit, a number of boys have received 
instruction in mechanical trades, and with the accom- 
modations furnished in the new building, a greater 
number of boys receive a more thorough knowledge 
in lines of skilled handicraft, which will the better 
prepare them to become good citizens. 

During 1910 the cow and dairy barn have been re- 
modeled and rebuilt, and the Legislature of 1910 appro- 
priated $40,000 with which to erect a central school 
building. The Legislature of 1912 appropriated 
$40,000 for the erection of a double cottage. 

state: home for girls. 

This Institution Is located on the line of the Trenton 
Branch of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, in 



THE STATE PRISON. 93 

the City of Trenton, near the Trenton State Hospital, and 
is located on a farm of about 79 acres of land. A sub- 
stantial building was erected at a cost of $23,334, and 
other improvements since made bring the value of the 
place, with furniture, &c., up to $186,622. The value 
of the land is $16,700. Previous to the erection of 
the new building, the school was at "Pine Grove," 
in the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton. This place 
had been leased so as to afford room for persons sen- 
tenced under the act of April 4th, 1871, and a subsequent 
act. The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the 
erection of an additional building. In 1900 and 1901 about 
$31,000 was spent for Improvements and the Legislature 
of 1905 appropriated $36,000 for the erection of a new 
cottage and about $9,000 for various other improve- 
ments. On February 11th, 1910, a new administration 
building, named the "Fort Cottage," was formally 
opened. It is the counterpart of Washington's head- 
quarters at Morristown, N. J., and had served as New 
Jersey headquarters at the Jamestown, Virginia, Ex- 
position. It is most elaborately furnished with every- 
thing suggestive of the colonial period. A new cot- 
tage costing $25,000 was erected in 1911 and 1912 to 
house twenty-five little girls. The Legislature of 
1912 appropriated $16,700 for the erection of an in- 
firmary and barn. 

The institution is for girls between the ages of ten 
and nineteen years who may be committed to it by 
the courts. 

THE STATE PRISON. 

The New Jersey State Prison, situated on the block en- 
closed by Federal, Third, Cass and Second streets, in the 
city of Trenton, la one of the flneat Institutions of its 
kind in the country. Its erection was authorized by an 
act of the Legislature passed February 13th, 1832, and it 
was completed in the year 1836, having 150 cells, at a cost 
of $179,657,11. It was built of red sand-stone, from the 
Ewing quarries, and the style of its architecture Is Egyp- 
tian, having four Egyptian columns in front of the main 
entrance, on Third street. It consists of a main building, 
used as a residence for the Keeper and as reception 
rooms and offices. From time to time the prison has been 
enlarged, and although there is not sufficient room to 
afford separate confinement for each prisoner, as requir- 
ed by law, the provisions of the act are carried out as far 



94 THE STATE PRISON. 

as possible. The rules and regulations now In force have 
brought the internal affairs of the institution, as to clean- 
liness, discipline, victualing, &c., to a much higher stand- 
ard than was ever before reached, and a visit thereto will 
convince the visitor that the management is as perfect 
as can be. 

Previous to the year 1798 there was no State Prison, 
and prisoners were confined in the county jails. On 
March 1st, 1797, Jonathan Doane was appointed by an act 
of the Legislature as an agent to purchase a lot of land 
from Peter Hunt, situate at Lamberton, containing six 
and a half acres, and to erect suitable buildings thereon. 
This was done at an expense of £9,842 Os. 3d., and what Is 
now the State Arsenal, at Second and Cass streets. Is 
the result. Solitary confinement was not practiced pre- 
vious to 1836, in which year the old prison was vacated 
and the present one occupied. 

On March 4th, 1847, $5,000 was appropriated to build an 
additional wing to the original building. On March 25th, 
1852, $15,000 was granted for the erection of a new wing 
for hospital purposes. On March 22d, 1860, the sum of 
$17,000 was voted for the purpose of building an additional 
wing for cells, and on February 16th, 1861, a further sum 
of $2,243.01 was appropriated to complete the same. On 
April 16th, 1868, $6,000 was appropriated for the building of 
an additional wing to provide room for female convicts. 
An act passed April 2d, 1869, provided for the appoint- 
ment of commissioners to extend the grounds of the 
prison to the wall of the State Arsenal, to build an ad- 
ditional wing and workshops, and made an appropriation 
of $50,000 for that purpose, and In the same month $9,734 
was appropriated for the purpose of completing the wing 
of the female department. On April 4th, 1871, the sum 
of $75,000 was appropriated for the purpose of completing 
the new or past winsr, and on April 4th. 1872. a further 
sum of $28,700 was appropriated for the completion of the 
same. March 3d, 1874, $12,000 was voted for the con- 
struction of gas works for the supply of illuminating gas 
for the prison. On March 8th, 1877. the sum of $100,000 
was appropriated for the enlargement of the prison and 
the purchase of a burial ground for deceased convicts. 
The north wing was remodeled out of this last appro- 
priation and a burial ground purchased. The Legislature 
of 1895 appropriated $150,000 for the enlargement and Im- 
provement of the prison. The Legislature of 1899 appro- 
priated $14,000 for alterations in the women's wing of the 



HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 95 

prls^on. In 1905 $250,000 was appropriated for the erection 
of a new wing, and It was finished In 1907. The addi- 
tion, which Is at the northeast corner of the Institu- 
tion, Is one of the most complete In the United States. 
There are five tiers, each having- seventy cells. The 
interior is wholly of steel and concrete. The cells are 
separated from the outer walls by a passageway for 
the keepers and the entire section of each tJer is com- 
pletely enclosed In a cage of steel. Thirty-five cells 
are controlled by a combination looking device, al- 
though any one cell door or a series of doors can be 
thrown open by a lever system from the end of the 
corridor where the locking device is located. Between 
the cell sections there Is a narrow utility court from 
which the ventilation Is controlled and v/here the sani- 
tary parts can be reached without any necessity for 
going into the cells. Each cell has a steel cot, porce- 
lain washstand and sanitary arrangf^mont and Is light- 
ed by electricity. Special attention has been given to 
ventilation. A death house was also built on the prison 
grounds in 1907 to comply with the law reg'ardlng the 
electrocution of persons condemned to death. 

THE NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DI.SABLED 
SOLDIERS. 

This institution is located in Kearny, Hudson county. 
It originated in the mind of Governor Marcus L. Ward 
jus^ before the close of the Civil War. His petition to 
the Legislatures of 1863-64 resulted in the passage of an 
act on April 12th, 1864, appointing himself, ex-Governors 
Daniel Haines, William A. Newell and Charles S. Olden, 
and Edwin A. Stevens and Rynear H. Veghte as com- 
missioners to examine into and report on the subject. On 
February 1. 1865. they made their report to Governor 
Parker and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for the 
desired purpose. Grounds were purchased in the city of 
Newark and In March, 1866, the same commissioners were 
appointed managers of the Home. The board appointed 
Colonel A. N. Dougherty, Commandant; Rev. Samuel T. 
Moore, Superintendent and Chaplain, and Dr. A. M. Mills, 
Surgeon, of the Home. It was opened for reception on 
July 4th, 1866. For twenty-two years the Home remained 
in Newark, when a new site was selected in Kearny. This 
comprises about sixteen acres and $225,000 was appro- 
priated for the buildings, furnishings, «S:c. On October 



96 HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, ETC. 

4th, 1888, the old home was vacated and the new home 
occupied. The New Jersey Home Is the parent of similar 
Institutions throughout the country. In order to gain ad- 
mission to the Home the applicant must have served in 
the army, navy or marine service and been honorably 
discharged therefrom. He must have lived in the State 
for at least two years next preceding date of applica- 
tion, or have served in a New Jersey organization, 
and must be unable to earn a living for himself by man- 
ual labor. Since 1888 various additions have been 
made. 

(VEAV JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 
SAILORS OR MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

Vlneland. 
This Home was organized In 1898, the sum of $5,000 ha- 
ing been appropriated for the purpose. A plot of ground, 
comprising 20 acres, and a building containing about 75 
rooms and basement, situated in the town of Vlneland, 
were purchased for a Home, and in 1899 an additional 
appropriation of $21,500 was made to pay for the prop- 
erty. In the same year the sum of $20,000 was appro- 
priated for altering, repairing and furnishing the build- 
ings. In 1900 a special appropriation of $13,000 was made 
for new floors, porches, laundry machinery, engine and 
boiler and furniture. The Home was opened in Decem- 
ber, 1899, for the admission of inmates and the first were 
admitted January 2d. 1900. In 1901 the sum of $7,700 was 
appropriated for an elevator, alterations and appliances, 
making the cost of building and land $67,200. In 1903 nine 
acres of additional land was purchased at a cost of $2,000 
and the same year an act was passed by the Legislature 
providing for the care and maintenance of widows of vet- 
erns, and the sum of $28,000 was appropriated for the con- 
struction and furnishing of buildings necessary to carry 
out the provisions of the act. An additional sum of $2,500 
was appropriated for extra work and the building was 
completed and ready for occupancy in July, 1904. 
Since then two new wings, each eighty feet long and 
containing some 120 rooms, have been added, and a 
separate boiler house in the rear of the main build- 
ings erected. A new heating and lighting plant has 
been installed, and other marked Improvements for 
the care and comforts of the inmates completed. In 
1912 the Legislature appropriated $30,000 for a new 
hospital. 



SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 97 

SCHOOL FOR the: desaf. 

This Institution, which is located at Trenton, is a part 
of the public school system of the State, and is open to 
deaf residents of the State between the ages of six and 
twenty-one years. The pupils are instructed In the 
branches of common-school education, and are also train- 
ed In some handicraft. Speech Is taught to all who caji 
acquire it, and with such success that in some classes it 
becomes the principal means of communication. 

The industrial department is larger and better equip- 
ped than in most schools of this kind. From the printing 
office Is issued monthly a paper, the Silent Worker, 
which, in point of mechanical execution and of quality 
of contents, ranks as the best issued from any institution 
in the country. All the work on this paper Is performed 
by pupils of the school. 

The wood-working department, under the charge of a 
graduate of a technical school of high rank, has a course 
in which theory and practice are united in an unusual de- 
gree. 

A course of kindergarten work, especially adapted to 
the deaf child, has been worked out in the school, and 
has been followed by some of the best schools of the kind 
in this country. 

A building for hospital purposes, designed in accord- 
ance with the best modern practice and ample to meet 
any possible need, was opened in 1899. 

The attendance of pupils has risen from 125 In June, 
1896, until at the present time it is about 170. 

The school possesses a well chosen library, which at 
present contains about 4,000 volumes, and is rapidly 
growing. 

home: for the: care: and training of fe:e:ble:. 
minded w03ien. 

Vineland. 

This Institution was established by virtue of the act of 
March 27th, 1888, the late S. Clin Garrison, who drafted 
the original law, being its first superintendent. On No- 
vember 7th, of the same year, he was succeeded by Mary 
J. Dunlap, M.D., and then by Dr. Madeleine A Hallo- 
well. Upon organization of the first board of mana- 
gers, the late Hon. Alexander G. C'atell, of Camden 
county, was chosen President, a place he acceptably 
filled until his death. He was succeeded by the Hon. 



98 SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 

Benjamin F. Lee, of Mercer county, Clerk of the Su- 
preme feourt, who occupied the position until his 
death In 1909. Mrs. Emily E. H. Williamson, of 
Union county, was secretary of the board from its 
organization until her death in 1909. The first 
treasurer was the Hon. Belmont Perry, of Gloucester 
county, he being succeeded by ex-Senator Philip P. 
Baker, of Cumberland county; the late Senator Barton 
F. Thorn, of Burlington county, and George B, Thorn, 
Esq., of Burlington county, the present incumbent. 
Harry H. Pond was elected President In 1909. 

As its official title suggests, this institution has for its 
object the care and training of feeble minded women. 
Its location In a peculiarly healthful and fertile portion 
of the State, the plan and scope of the buildings, as well 
as their equipment and the employment of modem ad- 
ministrative methods, make the Home a subject for fav- 
orable comparison with any similar institution in the 
country. The property consists of about 50 acres. 

The most conspicuous building of the Home is that de- 
voted to purposes of administration and instruction. In- 
cluding dormitories and a gymnasium. There is also a 
laundry, a power-house, with heating apparatus, and 
pump for raising the sewage of the home into the Vine- 
land system. Fire escapes and a water tower give pro- 
tection to the State's wards. All the buildings are light- 
ed with gas or electricity. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $60,000 for a 
new dormitory, &c. 

TRAINING SCHOOL. FOR FBGHLB-MINDED 
CHILDREN. 

Vineland. 
This public Institution is an outgrowth of a private one, 
which Prof. S. Clin Garrison established In Millvllle, Cum- 
berland county, on September 1st, 1887. It was opened at 
Vineland, on March 1st, 1888, with an enrollment of ten 
pupils. Adjacent properties were soon acquired and a 
handsome building, costing about $18,000, was erected In 
1890-91. There are fourteen cottages, besides a hospital, 
large barns, shops and manual training rooms, located 
on a farm of 260 acres. The school has a fine assem- 
bly hall, seating -over 600, and also containing seven 
school rooms, drill room and a gymnasium. The De- 
partment of Research has a well equipped laboratory, 
where studies as to the cause and prevention of feeble- 
mindedness are carried on. 



STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 99 

The plan and scope of training and education by the 
school, require fourteen teachers in English, Kindergar- 
ten, Music, Physical Culture and Manual Trades depart- 
ments, thereby Indicating the special and comprehensive 
fields of Instruction. There Is also a custodial depart- 
ment for the Idiotic. 

The property Is worth over $250,000, real and personal, 
with a debt of only $21,000. Besides very good prop- 
erty acquisitions at low cost, at least $150,000 have 
been donated to the school since its organization, to 
aid In the current expenses, In Improvements and new 
buildings. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

(Henry M. Weeks Hospital.) 
Skillman, Somerset County. 

This village is located In Montgomery township, Somer- 
set county, at Skillman Station, on the line of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The location is 
one of the most beautiful and healthful in the State, 
and is admirably adapted for the purposes of this 
kind of an institution. The managers have secured 
four adjoining farms containing in all about seven 
hundred and eighty acres. 

The four farm houses are now being used, one for 
the Administration building, one for residence of the 
Superintendent, one for patients and one for employes. 

In 1884 Dr. John W. Ward, Superintendent of the State 
Hospital at Trenton, realizing the necessity of separating 
the epileptics from the insane, went before a legislative 
committee and strongly urged the appropriation of $50,- 
000 to erect a building upon the grounds of that institu- 
tion for the proper care of the epileptics. The late Prof. 
S. Olln Garrison, Principal of the New Jersey Training 
School for Feeble-Mlnded Children, at Vineland, early re- 
cognized the necessity of separate provision for the epi- 
leptics In that Institution, and was Indefatigable in his 
elTorts to establish the present village. 

For a number of years the subject was agitated, and 
In 1895, in accordance with a resolution passed by the 
Legislature, the Governor appointed a commission to In- 
vestigate the number and condition of epileptics in the 
State. The report of the commission was presented to 
the Legislature of 1896 and a bill was Introduced for the 
establishment of a colony on a plan recommended by the 



100 NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

commission. The bill failing: to become a law, the New 
Jersey State Medical Society, by resolution at their an- 
nual meeting- in 1896, endorsed the necessity of such 
legislation. In 1897 the President, Dr. Thomas J. Smith, 
of Bridgeton, most ably presented the necessity of pro- 
viding for the epileptics, and urged that the State author- 
ities be importuned most earnestly to revive the move- 
ment Initiated the year before to establish an Industrial 
epileptic colony in our State. The Society reaffirmed its 
position, and appointed a committee to urge the matter 
further. 

Through the combined efforts of those Interested and 
with the zealous co-operation of Senator Stokes, of Cum- 
berland, who had charge of the legislation, an act was 
passed by the Legislature of 1898, and promptly signed by 
Acting Governor Voorhees, making the necessary provi- 
sions for the establishment of the institution. The sum 
of $15,000 was appropriated for the purchase of a site and 
to pay for the equipment and maintenance of the vil- 
lage. The "Maplewood Farm," containing about 187 
acres, was purchased for $11,500, and the village was 
opened for the reception of male patients November 1st, 
of the same year. 

The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the erec- 
tion of two cottages for patients, and $16,000 for the pur- 
chase of two farms adjoining the property. Additional 
appropriations were made each year from 1901 to 1911, 
aggregating- $900,000, for extensions and improve- 
ments. All epileptics of either sex, over five years of 
age, and not insane or idiotic are admitted. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $78,000 for new 
buildings. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

Rahway. 
In 1895 the Legislature passed an act, approved by 
Governor Werts on March 28 of that year, providing 
for the appointment of a commission to consist of 
six persons, who were charged with the duty of build- 
ing an intermediate reformatory Institution for first 
male offenders. The commission was authorized to 
set apart the property known as the Edgar farm, 
located in Union and Middlesex Counties, and then 
belonging to the State Sinking Fund. 



NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 101 

If it were found necessary they were authorized to 
purchase adjoining property for the completion of 
the site at a cost not to exceed ten thousand dollars, 
but this authority was not used. 

The institution, when completed, was designed to 
accommodate not less than one thousand inmates, 
and the sum of one hundred thousand dollars was ap- 
propriated to begin the work. 

The site now comprises about 115 acres. That 
which is not occupied by the buildings or enclosed 
within a stockade surrounding the same, furnlshe* 
occupation to the inmates, and is devoted to the pur- 
pose of tillage, to supply farm products and sustain 
the animals used by the institution. 

The original Commissioners were Patrick Farrelly, 
George S. Mott, David M. Chambers, William A. Ure, 
John T. Daly and Thomas M. Gopsill. 

According to the plans originally adopted the build- 
ing, when completed, was to have four wings, capable 
of accommodating 1,024 inmates. The first wing and 
centre were completed in the year 1901, and Inmates 
were then first received. 

First male offenders only are admitted between the 
ages of sixteen and thirty years. 

The criminal courts of the State are empowered in 
their discretion to commit offenders to the Reforma- 
tory instead of State Prison. The original commission 
was replaced by the present Board of Commissioners, 
consisting of nine persons, including the Governor, 
and no more than four to be of the same political 
party. 

The reformatory and grounds are located about one 
and a half miles south of the City of Rahway. The 
buildings now erected comprise the guard-room build- 
ing, northeast and southeast wings, the domestic 
building and. "Tie-to" building, connecting It with the 
guard-room building, the industrial building, new 
tuberculous pavilion, independent water system with 
filtering plant, two trades' school buildings and wall, 
power house, hospital for contagious diseases, barn, 
hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold storage 
warehouse. 

The "Tie-to" building, the hospital, the pavilion, 
_barn, hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold stor- 
age warehouse were constructed entirely by the in- 
mates and without cost to the State, except for mate- 
rial. 



102 STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

The construction of a sewage disposal system con- 
tracted for by the former Board of Managers, has 
been completed recently by inmate labor. 

The Inmates are detailed to different trade classes, 
and do all the work required for betterments and 
repairs. They enjoy daily educational advantages and 
are regularly drilled in military tactics. 

STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

Glen Gardner. 
This Sanitarium, which was completed In 1907, Is lo- 
cated at Glen Gardner, near High Bridge. Hunterdon 
county. The site is on the slope of a mountain nearly 
1,000 feet above the level of the sea, where the State 
has acquired about 600 acres. The slope has been cut 
away and leveled for a considerable space, and here 
the buildings were constructed. On a clear day the 
view from this point is one of the most magnificent in 
this picturesque section of North New Jersey. It looks 
away over a rolling country of wooded hills and culti- 
vated farm lands to the mountains on the other side of 
the valley, which run at its foot. Away In the dis- 
tance like a thin ribbon of silver Is the South Branch 
river, and in whatever direction the eye turns some 
new and charming scene Is encountered. The structure 
consists of a service building, administration building 
and east and west wards. The service building is the 
source of supplies for the institution. It is 84x110 feet, 
three stories. Including basement. In which Is the 
boiler room, engine room and electric light plant. A 
cold storage is located in the basement. On the second 
floor is the main dining hall, whleh is 84x48 feet, the 
service room, bakery, kitchen, storeroom, butcher shop 
and cold storage. The third flood Is fitted up with 
rooms for the doctors, employees* rooms, ironing, dry- 
ing and linen rooms, coat rooms, sterilizing room, &c. 
All the buildings are built of field stone, stuccoed on 
the outside and finished with white plaster on the in- 
terior. The ward building is 32x150 feet and the ad- 
ministration building 52x120 feet. The buildings are 
so constructed that additions may bre made from time 
to time as the necessity of the case demands. About 
175 patients can be comfortably accommodated in the 
ward buildings. The water supply is derived from a 
large reservoir which Is kept supplied from the springs, 



BORDENTOWN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. 103 

The system of sewerage is among the most sanitary 
in existence. The total cost of the Sanitarium repre- 
sents an outlay of about 1300,000. 

The first impetus for caring for tli3 State's consump- 
tive poor was given in an address delivered In 1900 be- 
fore the State Medical Society by Dr. Halsey, then 
president. A bill was drawn by a committee of the 
society, and was passed by the Legislature in 1902, 
when a Board of Managers was appointed by Governor 
Murphy. Of this Board, Dr. Charles J. Kipp of Newark 
was elected president, and for whom the mountain on 
which the State Sanitarium was built was named. The 
Legislature appropriated $50,000 to carry the bill Into 
effect. The Sanitarium is Intended as a model institu- 
tion, largely educational in character, which would 
give a practical demonstration of up-to-date methods 
of treating cases of tuberculosis and point the way for 
other institutions of a similar type, at the same time 
extending the direct benefits of its system to as large a 
number of cases as its necessarily limited facilities 
would enable it to care for. The institution handles 
about six hundred cases annually. Its purpose is 
to arrest the disease in its incipient stage and dis- 
charge the patient in such condition that, with the 
aid of the instruction he receives while at the Institu- 
tion, he may be reasonably certain of being able to ef- 
fect his own cure. This Instruction will prove valuable 
not only to himself, but to the public In general, as it 
becomes disseminated through his agency and that of 
the other patients who undergo treatment and go out 
again In the world at large. As a rule, the cases se- 
lected will be such as can be treated with reasonable 
expectancy of a cure. In 1912 the Legislature appro- 
priated $89,500 for new buildings. 

BORDENTOWTW^ INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.. 

The Manual Training and Industrial School for Col- 
ored Youth located at Bordentown, N. J., is a State 
Institution maintained by appropriations from the 
State and under the supervision of the State Board of 
Education, 

The school was established to meet the educational 
needs of the colored people of New Jersey and seeks 
more and more to fit its students to go out and do 
Intelligently the work to which they are called. 



104 STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN. 

The Literary Department as far as is practicable Is 
adjusted to the needs of the Industrial Training, and 
an effort is made to throw around the student a home 
atmosphere. 

The school occupies a conspicuous site on the banks 
of the Delaware River, comprising- 225 acres of good 
farm land. The physical equipment of the school 
consists of an administration building, a girls' dormi- 
tory, a boys' dormitory and infirmary, a laundry and 
carpenter shop, a printing office and a group of farm 
buildings. 

Approximately one hundred students are enrolled, 
this number exhausting the facilities for accommoda- 
tion. 

Tuition is free and a nominal charge is made for 
board, washing, medical attendance and registration. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $20,000i for a 
new dormitory. 

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN 

at Clinton. 

The Reformatory is located on a farm of 346 acres, 
one and one-half miles from Clinton. It was dedicated 
on May 26th, 1913. 

There are five buildings in use at this institution, as 
follows: 1, Fielder Cottage, old farmhouse, enlarged to 
accommodate 25 to 30 women; 2, Homestead Cottage, 
accommodates 10 to 12 women; 3, Stowe Cottage for 
colored, accommodates 27 to 30 women; 4, Cottage for 
help, accommodates utility man and family; 5, Cliapel 
of Good Shepherd, used as chapel and school. Nos. 1 
and 2 are old farm buildings; No. 2 used to be used 
by the utility man and family. The third old farm 
house is so in bad repair that it cannot be used either 
for inmates or officers. It is used to store farm equip- 
ment in during the winter. 

Officers: Fielder Cottage — 2, teacher, nurse; Home- 
stead Cottage — 3, superintendent, farm manager, parole 
officer and psychologist; Cottage for Help — 2, utility 
man, farm laborer; Stowe Cottage — 4, colored matron, 
colored teacher, dietitian, bookkeeper. The last two 
officers simply live in Stowe Cottage; they do no work 
there. 

Superintendent, Miss May Caughey. 



ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 105 

ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 



FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT, FROM 
MARCH 4, 1789. 

1789— George Washington, of Virginia 6 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 1 

John Ja5', of New York 5 

1793— George Washington, of Virginia 7 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

1797— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1801— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

C. C. Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1805— Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1809— James Madison, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1813— DeWitt Clinton, of New York S 

Jarard Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania 8 

1817— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1821 -James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

C^niel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1825— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina 8 

1829— Johi: Q. Adams, of Massachusetts 8 

Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania 8 

1833— Andre w Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

Martin Van Buren, of New York 8 

1837— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

Francis Granger, of New York 8 

1841_-William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

John Tyler, of Virginia 8 

1845— Henry Clay, of Kentucky 7 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey 7 

1849— Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana 7 

Millard Fillmore, of Nev/ York 7 

1853— Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire 7 

William R. King, of Alabama 7 

1857— James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania 7 

John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky 7 



106 NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 

1861 — Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois 4 

Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine 4 

Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois 3 

Herchel V. Johnson, of Georgia 3 

1865 — George B. McClellan, of New Jersey 7 

George H. Pendleton, of Ohio 7 

1869 — Horatio Seymour, of New York 7 

Francis P. Blair, of Missouri 7 

1873 — Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois 7 

Henry Wilson, of Massachusetts 7 

1877 — Samuel J. Tilden, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1881 — W^infield Scott Hancock, of Pennsylvania. . , . 9 

William H. English, of Indiana 9 

1885 — Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1889 — Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Allan G. Thurman, of Ohio 9 

1893 — Grover Cleveland, of New York 10 

Adiai E. Stevenson, of Illinois 10 

1897 — William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Garret A. Hobart, of New Jersey 10 

1901 — William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 10 

1905 — Theodore" Roosevelt, of New York 12 

Charles W, Fairbanks, of Indiana '. . . 12 

1909 — William Howard Taft, of Ohio 12 

James S. Sherman, of New York i:: 

1913 — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey 14 

Thomas R. Marshall, of Indiana 14 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE OP NEW JERSEY FROM 1840 
TO DATE. 

1840 — Harrison, Whig, 33,351; Van Buren, Dem., 
31,034, Harrison's majority, 2,327. 

1844 — Clay, Whig, 38,318; Polk, Dem., 37,495. Clay's 
majority, 823. 

1848— Taylor, Whig, 40,015; Cass, Dem., 36,901; Van 
Buren, 819. Taylor's plurality, 3,114. 

1852 — Pierce, Dem., 44,305; Scott, Whig, 38,556; Hale, 
Free Soil, 350. Pierce's plurality, 5,749. 

1856 — Buchanan, Dem., 46,943; Fremont, Rep., 28,338; 
Fillmore, Amer., 24,115. Buchanan's plurality, 18,605. 

1860 — Dem. Fusion ticket, 62,869; Lincoln, Rep., 58,- 
346. Fusion majority, 4.523. (Three Douglas electors. 
Cook, Parker and Runyon, were chosen, the highest 
vote being 62,869 for Cook, and four Lincoln electors 
were chosen, Hornblower, Brown, Elmer and Ivins, the 
highest vote being 58,346 for Hornblower. The highest 
vote cast for a Breckinridge elector (Wurts) was 
56,237.) 



NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 107 

1864 — McClellan, Dem., 68,024; Lincoln, Rep., 60,723. 
McClellan's majority, 7,301. 

1868 — Seymour, Dem., 83,001; Grant, Rep., 80,131. 
Seymour's majority, 2,870. 

1872 — Grant, Rep., 91,656; Greeley, Dem., 76,456. 
Grant's majority, 15,200. 

1876 — Tilden, Dem., 115,962; Hayes, Rep., 103,517. 
Tilden's majority, 12,445. 

1880— Hancock, Dem., 122,565; Garfield, Rep., 120,555. 
Hancock's majority, 2,010. 

1884— Cleveland, Dem., 127,784; Blaine, Rep., 123,433. 
Cleveland's majority, 4,351. 

1888 — Cleveland, Dem., 151,493; Harrison, Rep., 144,- 
344; Fisk, Pro., 7,904. Cleveland's plurality, 7,149. 

1892 — Cleveland, Dem., 171,066; Harrison, Rep., 156,- 
101; Bidwell, Pro., 8,134; Wing-, Social-Lab., 1,337; 
Weaver, People's, 985. Cleveland's plurality, 14,965. 

1896— McKinley, Rep., 221,367; Bryan, Dem., 133,675; 
Palmer, Nat. Dem., 6,373; Levering, Pro,, 5,614; Mat- 
chett, Soc.-Lab., 3,985. McKinley's plurality, 87,692. 

1900— McKinley, Rep., 221.707; Bryan, Dem., 164,808; 
Wooley, Pro., 7,183; Debs, Soc.-Dem., 4,609; Malloney, 
Soc.-Lab., 2,074; Barker, People's, 669. McKinley's 
plurality, 56,899. 

1904 — Roosevelt, Rep., 245,164; Parker, Dem., 164,- 
566; Swallow, Pro., 6,845; Debs, Socialist, 9,587; Cor- 
rigan, Soc.-Lab., 2,680; Watson, People's Dem., 3,705. 
Roosevelt's plurality, 80,598. 

1908 — Taft, Rep., 265,298; Bryan, Dem.. 182,522; Debs, 
Soc, 10,249; Chafin, Pro., 4,930; Gillhaus, Soc.-Lab., 
1,196; Hisgen, Ind., 2,916. Taft's plurality, 82,776. 

1912 — Wilson, Dem., 178,289; Roosevelt, Prog., 145,- 
410; Taft, Rep., 88,835; Debs, Soc, 15,901; Chafin, Pro., 
2,871; Reimer, Soc.-Lab., 1,321. Wilson's plurality, 
32,879. 



NEW JERSEY'S VOTE FOR GOVERNOR 

From 1844 to Date. 

1844 — Stratton, Whig, 37,949; Thomson, Dem., 36,591; 
Parkhurst, 76. Whig- plurality, 1.358. 

1847 — Haines, Dem., 34,765; Wright, Whig, 32,166; 
William Right, 87; Moses Jaques, 146; Scattering, 10'9. 
Democratic plurality, 2,599. 

1850 — Fort, Dem.. 39,723; Runk, Whig, 34,054. Demo- 
cratic majority, 5,669. 

1853 — Price, Dem., 38.312; Haywood, Whig, 34,530. 
Democratic majority, 3,782. 

1856 — Newell. Rep., 50,903; Alexander, Dem., 48,246. 
Republican majority, 2,657. 

1859 — Olden, Rep., 53,315; Wright. Dem.. 51,714. Re- 
publican majority, 1,601. 



108 NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 

1862 — Parker, Dem., 61,307; Ward, Rep., 46,710. 
Democratic majority, 14,597. 

1865 — Ward, Rep., 67,525; Runyon, Dem., 64.736. Re- 
publican majority, 2,789. 

1868 — Randolph, Dem., 83,619; Blair, Rep., 79,072. 
Democratic majority, 4,547. 

1871 — Parker, Dem., 82,362; Walsh, Rep. 76,383. 
Democratic majority, 5,979. 

1874 — Bedle, Dem.. 97,283; Halsey, Rep., 84,050. 
Democratic majority. 13,233. 

1877— McClellan, Dem., 97,837; Newell, Rep., 85,094; 
Hoxsey, Greenback, 5,069; Bingham, Tax and Pro., 
1,439. Democratic plurality, 12,746. 

1880— Ludlow, Dem., 121,666; Potts, Rep., 121,015; 
Hoxsey. Greenback, 2,759; Ransom, Pro., 195. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 651. 

1883 — Abbett, Dem., 103,856; Dixon, Rep., 97,047; 
Urner, Nat., 2,960; Parsons, Pro., 4,153. Democratic 
plurality, 6,809. 

1886 — Green, Dem.. 109,939; Howey, Rep., 101,919; 
Fiske, Pro., 19,808. Democratic plurality. 8,020. 

1889 — Abbett. Dem., 138,245; Grubb, Rep., 123,992; 
La Monte, Pro., 6,853. Democratic plurality, 14,253. 

1892 — Werts, Dem., 167,257; Kean, Jr., Rep., 159,362; 
Kennedy, Pro., 7,750; Keim. Soc.-Lab.. 1,338; Bird, 
People's, 894. Democratic plurality. 7,625. 

1895 — Griggs, Rep., 162,900; McGill, Dem., 136,000; 
Wilbur, Pro., 6.661; Ellis, People's 1,901; Keim, Soc.- 
Lab., 4,147. Republican plurality. 26,900. 

1898 — Voorhees, Rep., 164,051; Crane, Dem., 158,552; 
Landon, Pro., 6,893; Maguire, Soc.-Lab.. 5,458; Schray- 
shuen, People's, 491. Republican plurality, 5,499. 

1901 — Murphy, Rep., 183.814; Seymour, Dem., 166,681; 
Brown, Pro., 5.365; Vail, Soc. 3,489; Wilson, Soc.-Lab., 
1,918. Republican plurality. 17,133. 

1904— Stokes, Rep., 231,363; Black, Dem., 179,719; 
Parker, Pro., 6,687; Kearns, Soc, 8,858; Herrschaft, 
Soc.-Lab., 2,526; Honnecker, People's Dem., 3,285. Re- 
publican plurality, 51,644. 

1907 — Fort, Rep., 194.313; Katzenbach, Dem., 186,- 
300; Mason, Pro., 5,255; Kraft, Soc, 6,848; Butter- 
worth, Soc.-Lab., 1,568. Republican plurality, 8,013. 

1910 — Wilson, Dem. 233,682; Lewis, Rep., 184,626; 
Killingbeck, Soc, 10,134; Repp, Pro., 2,818; Butter- 
worth, Soc.-Lab., 2,032. Democratic plurality, 49,056. 

1913 — Fielder, Dem., 173,148; Stokes, Rep.. 140,298; 
Colby, Prog., Roosevelt,' 41,132; Reilly, Soc, 13,977; 
Mason, Pro., 3,427; Butterworth, Soc.-Lab., 2,460; 
Dwyer, Ind., 875. Democratic plurality, 32,850. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 109 



CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 

1774-5, James Kinsey; 1774-6, John Cooper, Stephen Crane, 
John De Hart, Francis Hopkinson, William Livingston, 
Richard Smith, Richard Stockton; 1776-7, Jonathan D. Ser- 
geant; 1776-S, Abraham Clark, Jonathan Elmer; 1776-9, John 
Witherspoon; 1777-S, Elias Boudinot; 1777-9, Nathaniel Scud- 
der; 1778-9, Frederick Frelinghuysen, Elias Dayton; 1778, 
John Neilson; 1778-80, John Fell; 1779, Thomas Henderson; 
1779-81. William Ch. Houston; 1780-1, William Burnett, Wil- 
liam Paterson; 17S0-3, Abraham Clark; 17S0-2, John Wither- 
spoon; 1781-3, William Paterson; 17S2-3, Frederick Freling- 
huysen; 1781-4, Silas Condict, Jonathan Elmer; 1783-5, John 
Beatty, Samuel Dick; 1783-4, John Stevens, Sr.; 1784-5. 
Charles Stewart, William Ch. Houston; 17S4-7, Lambert 
Cadwalader; 1785-6, John Cleaves Symmes, Josiah Horn- 
blower; 1786-7, James Schureman; 17S6-S, Abraham Clark; 
1787, William Paterson; 1787-8, Jonathan Elmer; 1787-9, Jona* 
than Dayton. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

FROM 1789 TO DATE. 

I. 1789-91— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Lambert Cadwal- 
ader, Hunterdon; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem. 

IL 1791-3— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Abraham Clark, 
Essex; Jonathan Dayton, Essex; Aaron Kitchell, Morris; 
James Schureman, Middlesex. 

III. 1793-5— John Beatty, Hunterdon; Elias Boudinot. 
Burlington; Lambert Cadwalader, Hunterdon; Jonathan 
Dayton, Essex; Abraham Clark, Essex (died 1794); Aaron 
Kitchell, Morris (to fill vacancy), 

IV. 1795-7— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; Thomas 
Henderson, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, Essex; Isaac 
Smith, Hunterdon; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

V. 1797-9— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; James H. 
Imlay, Monmouth; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

VI. 1799-lSOl— John Condit, Essex; Franklin Davenport, 
Gloucester; Samuel H. Imlay, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, 
Morris; James Linn, Somerset. 



110 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

VII. 1801-3— John Condit, Essex; Ebenezer Elmer, Cum- 
berlaad; William Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlii;gton; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

VIII. 1803-5— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlington; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, Ber- 
gen. 

IX. 1805-7— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hunterdon; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, 
Essex. 

X. 1807-9— William Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hun- 
terdon; Thomas Newbold, Burlington; James Sloan, Glou- 
cester; Henry Southard, Somerset; EJzra Darby, Essex 
(until 180S) ; Adam Boyd, Bergen (from 1808-9). 

XI. 1809-11— James Cox, Monmouth (until 1810); William 
Helms, Sussex; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; Thomas New- 
bold, Burlington; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, 
Bergen. 

XII. 1811-13— Adam Boyd, Bergen; Lewis Condict, Mor- 
ris; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; George C. Maxwell, Hun- 
terdon; James Morgan, Middlesex; Thomas Newbold, Bur- 
lington. 

XIIL 1813-15— Lewis Condict, Morris; William Cox, Bur- 
lington; Richard Stockton, Somerset; Thomas Ward, Es- 
sex; James Schureman, Middlesex; Jacob Hufty, Cumber- 
land (until 1814); Thomas Binns, Essex (1814-15). 

XIV. 1815-17 — Ezra Baker, Gloucester; Ephraim 
Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin Bennett, Monmouth: 
Lewis Condict, Morris; Henry Southard, Somerset; 
Thomas Ward, Essex. 

XV. 1817-19 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Ben- 
jamin Bennett, Monmouth; Joseph Bloomfield, Bur- 
lington; Charles Kinsey, Essex; John Linn, Sussex; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

XVI. 1819-21— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Joseph 
Bloomfield, Burlington; John Linn, Sussex; Barnard Smith, 
Middlesex; Henry Southard, Somerset; John Condit, Essex 
(until 1S20); Thomas Binns, Essex (1820-1). 

XVn. 1821-3— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, 
Gloucester; Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland, Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XVIII. 1823-5— George Cassady, Bergen; Daniel Garrison, 
Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, Glou- 
cester; Lewis Condict, Morris; Samuel Swan, Somerset 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. Ill 

XIX. 1825-7-€toorge Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict. 

Morris; Daniel Garrison, Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Bur- 
lington. 

XX. 182<-9— Lewis Condict, Essex; Isaac Pierson, Essex; 
Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Burlington; 
George E. Holcombe, Monmouth (until 1828); Hedge 
Thompson, Salem (until 1S28); James Fitz Randolph, Mid- 
dlesex (182S-9); Thomas Sinnickson, Salem (1828-9). 

XXI. 1829-31— Richard M. Cooper, Gloucester, Lewis Con- 
dict, Morris; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; Isaac Pier- 
son, Essex; James Fitz Randolph, Middlesex; Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XXIL lS31-3-Lewls Condict, Morris; Richard M. Cooper, 
Gloucester; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; James Fitz 
Randolph, Middlesex; Isaac Southard, Somerset; Silas 
Condit, Essex. 

XXIIL 1833-5— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Essex; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; 
James Parker (D.), Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), 
Somerset; William N. Shinn (D.), Burlington. 

XXIV. 1835-7— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic (re- 
signed and elected Governor); Samuel Fowler (D.), Sus- 
sex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; James Parker (D.), 
Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), Somerset; William 
N. Shinn (D.). Burlington; William Chetwood (D.), Essex 
(vacancy 1836-7). 

XXV. 1837-9— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; WUllam 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones York (W.), Salem. 

XXVI. 1S39-41— William B. Cooper (D.), Gloucester; 
Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic; Joseph P. Randolph 
(W.), Monmouth; Daniel B. Ryall (D.), Monmouth; Joseph 
Kille (D.), Salem; Peter D. Vroom (D.), Somerset. 

XXVII. 1841-3— John B. Aycrigg (W.). Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (vV.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones Yorke (W.), Salem. 

XXVIII. 1843-5- Lucius Q. C. Elmer (D.), Cumberland; 
George Sykes (D.), Burlington; Littleton Kirkpatrick (D.), 
Middlesex; Isaac G. Farlee (D.), Hunterdon; William 
Wright (W.). Essex. 

XXI7C 1845-7— James G. Hampton (W.), Cumberland: 
Samuel G. Wright (W.) (died 1845), Monmouth; George 
Sykes (D.), (vacancy), Burlington; John Runk (W.), Hun- 



112 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

terdon; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; William Wright 
(W.), Essex. 

XXX. 1847-9 — James G. Hampton (W.), Cumber- 
land; William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van 
Dyke (W.), Middlesex; Joseph E. Edsall (D.). Sussex; 
Dudley S. Gregory (W.), Hudson. 

XXXI. 1849-51— Andrew K. Hay (W.), Cam«den; 
William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke 
(W.), Middlesex; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; James 
G. King (W.), Hudson. 

XXXII. 1851-3— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; George H. Brown 
iW.), Somerset; Isaac Wildrick (D), Warren; Rodman 
M. Price (D.), Essex. 

XXXIII. 1853-5 — Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; Samuel Lilly (D.), 
Hunterdon; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penn- 
ington (W.), Essex. 

XXXIV. 1855-7 — Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; James Bishop (N. A.), 
Middlesex; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penning- 
ton (R.), Essex. 

XXXV. 1857-9— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.). Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; Garnet B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; John Huyler (D.), Bergen; Jacob R. Wor- 
tendyke (D.), Hudson. 

XXXVI. 1859-61— .John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; Garnet B. Adrain 
(D.), Middlesex; Jetur R. Riggs (D.), Passaic; William 
Pennington (R.) (Speaker), Essex. 

XXXVII. 1861-3 — John T. Nixon ^R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; William G. Steele, 
(D.), Somerset; George T. Cobb (D.), Morris; Nehemlah 
Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXVIII. 1863-5— 'John F. Starr (R.), Camden; 
George Middleton (D.), Monmouth; William G. Steele 
(D.), Somerset; Andrew J. Rogers (D.>, Sussex; Nehe- 
miah Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXIX. 1865-7— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; Will- 
iam A. Newell (R.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves 
(D.), Warren; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Ed. R. 
V. Wright (D.), Hudson. 

XL. 1867-9— William Moore iR.), Atlantic; Charles 
Haight (D.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), War- 
ren; John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), 
lussex. 

XLL 1869-71— WSlliam Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 113 

Halght (D.), Monmouth; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; Orestes Cleveland (D.). Hudson. 

XLII. 1S71-3— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam'i 
C. Forker (D.), Burlington; John T. Bird (D.). Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.)- Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLIII. 1S73-5— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Amos Clark, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; Marcus L. Ward (R.), Essex; Isaac 
W. Scudder (R.), Hudson. 

XLIV. 1875-7— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Frederick H. Teese (D.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XL.V. 1S77-9— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; J. 
Howard Pugh (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Thomas B. Peddie (R.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLVI. 1879-81— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; Heze- 
kiah B. Smith (D.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A, Clark (D.), Somerset; Charles H. Voorhis 
(R.), Bergen; John L. Blake (R.), Essex; Lewis A. Brigham 
(R.), Hudson. 

XLVII. 1881-3— George M. Robesoh (R.), Camden; John 
Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; Miles Ross (D.), Middlesex; 
Henry S. Harris (D.), Warren; John Hill (R.), Morris; 
Phineas Jones (R.), Essex; Augustus A. Hardenbergh (D.), 
Hudson. 

XLVTII. 18S3-5— Thomas M. Ferrell (D.), Gloucester; 
John Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Benjamin F. Howey (R.), Warren; William Walter 
Phelps CR.), Bergen; William H. F. Fiedler j:D.). Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

XLIX. 1SS5-7— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Bu- 
chanan (R.), Mercer; Robert S. Green (D.), Union; James 
N. Pidcock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), 
Bergen; tierman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo 
(D.), Hudson. 

L. 1SS7-9— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), Union; James N. Pid- 
cock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), Ber- 
gen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo (D.), 
Hudson. 

U. 1889-91-Christopher A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 
8 



114 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

Buchanan (R.), Mercer; Jacob A. Gelssenhalner (D.). 
Monmouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; Charles D. 
Beckwlth (R.), Passaic; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

LJI. 1891-3— C. A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 
Buchanan (R.), Mercer; J. A. Gelssenhalner (D.), Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; C. A. Cadmus 
(D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; 'E. F. Mc- 
Donald (D.), Hudson. 

LHI. 1893-5 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; J, A. Gelssenhalner 
(D.), Monmouth; Johnston Cornish (D.), Warren; C. A. 
Cadmus (D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; 
George B. Fielder (D.), Hudson; John T. Dunn (D.), 
Union. 

LIV. 1895-7 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

LV. 1897-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

L.VI. 1899 — 1901 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; 
James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 
(R.), Essex; tWilllam D. Daly (D.), Hudson; Charles N. 
Fowler (R.), Union, 

LVII. 1901-3 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; JJoshua S. Salmon (D.), Mor- 
ris; James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 



•Mr. McDonald died November 5th, 1892, and he was suc- 
ceeded by George B. Fielder. 

tMr. Daly died after the first session of this Congress, 
and Allan L, McDermott was elected to fill the unexpired 
term. 

JMr. Salmon died during the first session of this Con- 
gress, and DeWItt C. Flanagan (D.), was elected to fill 
the vacancy. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 115 

(R.), Essex; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVIII. 1903-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; *William M. Lanning (R.), 
Mercer; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William 
Hug-hes (D.), Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), 
Essex; William H. Wiley (R.), Essex; Allan Benny 
(D,), Hudson; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

LIX. 1905-7— Henry a Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; Henry C. Allen (R.), 
Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William 
H. Wiley (R.), Essex; Marshall Van Winkle (R.), Hud- 
son; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

LX. 1907-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), Passaic; 
R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; LeGage Pratt (D.), 
Essex; Eugene W. Leake (D.), Hudson; James A. 
Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXI. 1909-11 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.). Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), 
Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William H. 
Wiley (R,), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXII. 1911-13— tWilliam J. Browning, (R.), Camden; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; William E. 
Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; •♦William Hughes (D.), Pas- 
saic; Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; Walter I. Mc- 
Coy (D.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 



•Mr. Lanning: resigned after the first session of this 
Congrress, and Ira W. Wood (R.), was elected to the 
vacancy. 

tMr. Browning succeeds Henry C. Loudenslager, who 
died August 12th, 1911. 

••Mr. Hughes resigned in September, 1912, and Mr. 
Archibald C. Hart (D.), Bergen, was elected to the 
vacancy. 



116 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

KXIII. 1913-15— William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
J. Thompson Baker (D.), Cape May; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Allan B. Walsh (D.), Mercer; William 
E. Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; ***ArchibPld C. Hart (D), 
Bergen; ^Robert G. Bremmer (D,), Passaic; ^Eugene F. 
Kinkead (D.), Hudson; ^Walter I. McCoy (D.), Essex; 
Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXIV. 1915-17— William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Trenton; 
John H. Capstick (R.), Morris; Archibald C. Hart (D.), 
Bergen; Dow H, Drukker (R,), Passaic; Edward W. 
Gray (R.), Essex; R, Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; 
Frederick R. Lehlbach (R.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

♦♦♦Succeeded Lewis J. Martin (D.), who died May 5th, 
1913. 

^Mr. Bremmer died February 5th, 1914, and was suc- 
ceeded by Dow H. Drukker (R.). 

2Mr. Kinkead was elected Sheriff of Hudson County, 
November 3d, 1914. 

^Mr. McCoy resigned October 2d, 1914, and was suc- 
ceeded for the short term by Richard Wayne Parker 
(R.). 



THE JUDICIARY. 117 

THE JUDICIARY. 

(From 1704 to date.) 



CHANCELLORS. 

(Term, seven years— Salary, $13,000.) 

1710, Andrew Hunter ; 1719, William Burnet ; 1728, John 
Montgomery ; 1731, Lewis Morris ; 1732, William Cosby ; 
1732, John Anderson ; 1732, John Hamilton ; 1738, Lewis 
Morris ; 1746, John Hamilton ; 1747, Jolin Reading ; 1747, 
Jonathan Belcher ; 1757, John Reading ; 1758, Francis Ber- 
nard ; 1760, Thomas Boone; 1761, Josiah Hardy; 1762, 
William Franklin; 1776, William Livingston; 1790, Wil- 
liam Paterson ; 1793, Richard Howell ; 1801, Joseph Bloom- 
field ; 1802, John Lambert; 1803, Joseph Bloomfield ; 1812, 
Aaron Ogden ; 1813, William S. Pennington; 1815, Mah- 
lon Dickerson ; 1817, Isaac H. Williamson ; 1829, Garret 
D. Wall (declined); 1829, Peter D. Vroom ; 1832, Samuel 
L, Southard; 1833, Ellas P. Seely ; 1833, Peter D. Vroom; 
1836, Philemon Dickerson ; 1837, William Pennington ; 
1843, Daniel Haines; 1845, Oliver S. Halsted ; 1852, Ben- 
jamin Williamson ; 1860, Henry W. Green ; 1866, Abraham 
O. Zabriskie ; 1873, Theodore Runyon ; 1887. Alexander T. 
McGill; 1900, William J. Magie ; 1908, Mahlon Pitney; 
1912. Edwin Robert Walker. 



VICE-CHANCELLORS. 

(Term, seven years — Salary, $12,000.) 

1871-'75, '81, Amzi Dodd ; 1875-'95, Abraham V. Van 
Fleet; 1882-'96, John T. Bird; 1890-'96, Robert S. Green; 
1889-1907, Henry C. Pitney ; 1901, Eugene Stevenson ; 1904- 
'13, Llndley M. Garrison ; 1904-'07, James J. Bergen ; 1896- 
1906, Martin P. Grey : 1895, John R. Emory ; 1895-1904, 
ALfred Reed; 1896, Frederic W. Stevens; 1906, Edmund 
B. Learning ; 1907, James E. Howell ; 1907-'12, Edwin R. 
Walker; 1912, Vivian M. Lewis; 1913, John Griffin, John 
H. Backes. 

CHIEF JUSTICES. 

(Term of office, seven years — Salary — $13,000.) 

1704, Roger Mompesson ; 1709, Thomas Gordon ; 1710, 
David Jamison ; 1723, William Trent ; 1724, Robert Lettlce 
Hooper ; 1728, Thomas Farmer ; 1738, Robert Hunter Mor- 



118 THE JUDICIARY. 

ris ; 1758, William Aynsley ; 1759, Robert Hunter Morris ; 
1764, Charles Read ; 1764, Frederick Smyth ; 1776, Richard 
Stockton (declined) : 1776. John De Hart (declined) : 1777, 
Robert Morris ; 1779, David Brearley ; 1789, James Kinsey ; 
1803, Andrew Kirkpatrick ; 1824, Charles Ewing ; 1832, 
Joseph C. Hornblower ; 1846, Henry W. Green ; 1853, Peter 
D, Vroom (declined) ; 1853, Alexander Wurts (declined) ; 
1861, Edward W. Whelpley ; 1864, Mercer Beasley ; 1897, 
William J. Magie ; 1000, David A. Depue ; 1901, William 
S. Gummere. 



ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPRE^^IE COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years — Salary, $12,000 each.) 

1704, William Pinhorne ; 1705, William Sandford ; 1705, 
Andrew Bowne ; 1706, Daniel Coxe ; 1708, Thomas Revel ; 
1708, Daniel Leeds; 1710, Peter Sonmans; 1710, Hugh 
Huddy ; 1711, Lewis Morris ; 1711, Thomas Farmer ; 1721, 
Peter Bard; 1734, Daniel Coxe; 1735, John Hamilton: 
1739, Joseph Bonnel ; 1739, John Allen ; 1748, Samuel Ne- 
vil; 1749, Charles Read; 1754, Richard Salter; 1764, John 
Berrien ; 1772, David Ogden ; 1774, Richard Stockton ; 

1776, Samuel Tucker; 1776, Francis Hopkinson (declined); 

1777, Isaac Smith ; 1777, John Cleves Symmes : 1788, John 
Chetwood ; 1797, Andrew Kirkpatrick ; 1798, Elisha Boudi- 
not ; 1804, William S. Pennington ; 1804, William Rossell ; 
1813, Mahlon Dickerson ; 1815, Samuel L. Southard; 1820, 
Gabriel H. Ford; 1826, George K. Drake; 1834, Thomas C. 
Ryerson; 1838, John Moore White; 1838, William L. Day- 
ton ; 1838, James S. Nevius ; 1841, Daniel Elmer ; 1841, 
Ira C. Whitehead ; 1845, Thomas P. Carpenter ; 1845, Joseph 
F. Randolph ; 1845, James S. Nevius ; 1848, Elias B. D. Og- 
den ; 1852, Lucius Q. C. Elmer ; 1852, Stacy G. Potts ; 1852, 
Daniel Haines ; 1855, Peter Vredenburgh ; 1855, Martin 
Ryerson ; 1855, Elias B. D. Ogden ; 1858, Edward W. Whelp- 
ley ; 1859, Daniel Haines ; 1859, William S. Clawson ; 1859, 
John Vandyke ; 1861, George H. Brown ; 1861, L. Q. C. El- 
mer ; 1862, Peter Vredenburgh ; 1862, L. Q. C. Elmer ; 1862, 
Elias B. D. Ogden ; 1865, Joseph D. Bedle ; 1866, Vancleve 
Dalrimple; 1866, George S. Woodhull ; 1866, '73. '80. -87. 
'94 and 1900, David A. Depue; 1869, '76, '83, '90. '97 and 
1904, Bennet Van Syckel : 1869, '76, '83 and '90, Edward W. 
Scudder; 1875, '82 and '89, Manning M. Knapp ; 1875, '82, 
'89, '96, 1903 and '06, Jonathan Dixon ; 1875 to '95, 1904 
to '11, Alfred Reed; 1880, '87 and '88, Joel Parker; 1880, 
'87 and '94, William J. Magie; 1888, '95, 1902 and '09, 
Charles G. Garrison ; 1892, George T. Werts ; 1893 and 
1900, Job H, Lippincott : 1893 and 1905, Leon Abbett ; 1895 
and 1901, William S. Gummere ; 1895 to 1901. George C. 
Ludlow; 1897 to 1903, Gilbert Collins; 1900 to '07, John 
Franklin Fort ; 1900 and '07, Abram Q. Garretson ; 1901-'08, 
Charles E. Hendrickson ; 1901 and '08, Mahlon Pitney ; 1903 



THE JUDICIARY. ' 119 

and '10. Francis J. Swayze ; 1906, Thomas W. Trcnchavd : 
1907, Charles W. Parker ; 1907, James J. Bersen : 190S 
to '14, Willard P. Voorhees ; 1908, James P. Minturn ; 1911, 
Samuel Kalisch ; 1914, Charlesi C. Black. 



COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS— JUDGES. 

(Term, six years — Salary, Per Diem.) 

1845-'50, James Speer ; 1845, Joshua Brick; lS45-'49, 
Ferdinand S. Schenck ; 1848, James J. Spencer; 1848-'50, 
Robert H. McCarter ; 1849-'50, Thomas Slnnickson. Garret 
D. Wall; 1850-'62. Joseph L. Risley : 1851-'66, John M. 
Cornellson; 1851-'56, Moses Mills; 1852-'54, Caleb H. Val- 
intine ; 1852, Thomas Arrowsmith ; 1853-'56, John Huyler ; 
1857-'64, William N. Wood: 1857-'68. Joshua Swain: 1858- 
'63, Joseph L. Combs : 1860-'73. Robert S. Kennedy : 1863- 
•66, George F. Fort; 1861-'81, Edmund .L. B. Wales; 1864- 
'94, John Clement; 1864-'71. George Vail; 1866-'74. Tames 
L. Ogdon; 1868-'74, Charles S. Olden; 1871-'82. Francis 
J. Lathrop ; 1872-'85, Caleb S. Green ; 1873-'S0, Samuel 
Lilly: 1872-'82. Amzi Dodd ; 1881-'91, Martin Cole: 1882- 
'93, Jonathan S. Whittaker ; 1885-'96, Hendrick H. Brown ; 
1883, '84, William H. Kirk ; 1883-'89, William Paterson ; 
1886-'90. John McGre-or: 1890-'95, Abram C. Smith : 1801- 
1915, John W. Bogert: 1892-1903, Gotfried Krueger : 1893. 
'94, William Walter Phelps; 1895, '96, Clifford Stanley 
Sims; 1894, '95, Robort S. Green; 1895. '06. Samupl T. 
Smith ; 1895, '96, Albert R. Tallman ; 1897-1900, James 
H. Nixon ; 1897, William L. Dayton, John S. Barkalow ; 
1897-1901, Charles E. Hondrickson : 1807-lOlG. Willinm 
H. Vredenbursr; 1898-1904. Frederic Adams; 19v.l-'05. 
Peter D. Voorhees: 1902-'13, G. D. W. Vroom ; 1904-'10, 
George R. Gray ; 1904-'09, Elmer Ewing Green ; 1906-'10, 
James B. Dill; 1910-'14. Joseph W. Concrdon : 1011, Mark 
A. Sullivan ; 1911, John J. White; 1912. '13. John J. Treacy : 
1913, Henry S. Terhune. Ernest J. Heppenheimer ; 1914. 
Robert Williams ; 1915, Frank M. Taylor. 

CIRCUIT COURT JUDGES. 

(Term, seven years — Salary, $9,000.) 

1893-1900, Richard T. Miller, Francis Child; 1896-1903, 
Henry M. Nevius : lOOO-'O.*^. James II. Nixon. Francis J. 
Swayze ; 1903, Frederic Adams ; 1903-'07, Charles W. Par- 
ker; 1903-'ll. Allan B. Endocott : 1004-'ll. Wilbur A. Ileis- 
ley : 1906-'14. Benjamin A. Vail : 1906, Frank T. Lloyd ; 
1907-'08, James F. Minturn : 1907, William H. Speer ; 1908- 
'14. Charles C. Black; 1011-'13, Clarence L. Cole; 1911, 
Nelson Y. Dungan : 1913, Howard Carrow ; 1914, Luther A, 
Campbell, George S. Silzer. 



120 THE JUDICIARY. 

ATTORNEY-GENERALS. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $7,000.) 
1704, Alexander Griffith; 1714, Thomas Gordon; 1719, Jere- 
miah Basse; 1723, James Alexander; 1728, Lawrence Smith; 
1733. Joseph Warrel; 1754, Cortland Skinner; 1776, William 
Paterson; 1783, Joseph Blopmfleld; 1792, Aaron D. Woodruff; 
1811, Andrew S. Hunter; 1817, Theodore Frelinghuysen; 1829, 
Samuel L. Southard; 1833, John Moore White; 1838, Richard 
S. Field; 1841, George P. Mollesson; 1844, Richard P. Thomp- 
son; 1845, Abraham Browning; 1850, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 
1852. Richard P. Thompson; 1857, William L. Dayton; 1861, 
F. T. Frelinghuysen; 1867, George M. Robeson; 1870, Robert 
Gilchrist; 1875, Joel Parker; 1875, Jacob Vanatta; 1877, John 
P. Stockton; 1897, Samuel H. Grey; 1902, Thomas N. McCar- 
ter; 1903, Robert H. McCarter; 1908 Edmund Wilson; 
1914, John W. Wescott. 

CLERKS IN CHANCERY. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1831, Stacy G. Potts; 1840, Samuel R. Gummere; 1851, Dan- 
iel B. Bodine; 1856, William M. Babbitt; 1861, Barker Gum- 
mere; 1871, Henry S. Little; 1881, George S. Duryee; 1886, 
Allan L. McDermott; 1896, Lewis A. Thompson; 1901, Ed- 
ward C. Stokes; 1905, Vivian M. Lewis; 1909, Samuel 
K. Robbins; 1914, Robert H. McAdams. 

CLERKS OF SUPREME COURT. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776. Jonathan D. Sergeant (declined); 1776, Bowes Reed; 
1781, William C. Houston; 1788, Richard Howell; 1793, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1807, William Hyer; 1812, Garret D. Wall; 1817, 
Zachariah Rossell; 1842. Ell Morris; 1842, James Wilson; 
1852, William M. Force; 1857, Charles P. Smith; 1872, Benja- 
min F. Lee; 1897, William Riker, Jr.; 1912, Joseph P. 
Tumulty; 1913, William C. Gebhardt. 



STATE OFFICERS. 121 

STATE OFFICERS. 

(From 1776 to date.) 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 
(Term, five years — Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Charles Pettlt (resigned October 7th, 1778) ; 1778, 
Bowes Reed ; 1794, Samuel W. Stockton ; 1795, John Beatty ; 
1805, James Linn ; 1820, Daniel Coleman ; 1830, James D. 
Westcott ; 1840, Charles G. McChesney ; 1851, Thomas S. 
Allison ; 1861, Whitfield S. Johnson ; 1866, Horace N. Con- 
gar ; 1870, Henry C. Kelsey ; 1897, George Wurts ; 1902, 
Samuel D. Dickinson ; 1912, David S. Crater ; 1915, Thomas 
F. Martin. 

STATE TREASURERS. 
(Term, three years — Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Richard Smith (resigned February 15th, 1777) ; 
1777, John Stevens, Jr. ; 1783, John Schureman (declined) ; 
1783, James Mott ; 1799, James Salter; 1803, Peter Gor- 
don; 1821, Charles Parker; 1832, William Grant; 1833, 
Charles Parker ; 1836, Jacob Kline ; 1837, Isaac Southard ; 
1843, Thomas Arrowsmith ; 1845, Stacy A. Paxson ; 1847, 
Samuel S. Stryker ; 1848, Samuel Mairs ; 1851, Rescarrick 
M. Smith: 1865, David Naar ; 1866, Howard Ivins ; 1868, 
William P. McMichael ; 1871, Josephus Sooy, Jr. ; 1875, 
Gershom Mott ; 1876, George M. Wright ; 1885, Jonathan 
H. Blackwell ; 1885, John J. Toffey ; 1891, George R. Gray ; 
1894, George B. Swain; 1902, Frank O. Briggs ; 1907, 
Daniel S. Voorhees ; 1913, Edward E. Grosscup. 

STATE COMPTROLLERS. 

(Term, three years — Salary, $6,000.) 
1865, William K. McDonald; 1871, Albert L. Runyon ; 
1877, Robert F. Stockton ; 1880, Edward J. Anderson ; 1891, 
William C. Heppenheimer ; 1894, William S. Hancock ; 1902, 
J. Willard Morgan ; 1908, Harry J. West ; 1911, Edward I. 
Edwards, 

ADJUTANT-GENERALS. 

(Salary, $2,500.) 

1776, William Bott ; 1793, Anthony Walton White ; 1803, 

John Morgan ; 1804. Ebenezer Elmer ; 1804, Peter Hunt ; 

1810, James J. Wilson ; 1812, John Beatty ; 1814, James J- 

Wilson; 1814, Charles Gordon; 1816, Zachariah Rossell ; 



122 STATE OFFICERS. 

1842, Thomas Cadwallader ; 1858, Robert F. Stockton, Jr. ; 
1867, William S. Stryker ; 1900, Alexander C. Oliphant ; 
1902, R. Heber Breintnall ; 1909, Wilbur F. Sadler, Jr. 



QUARTERMASTERS-GENERAL. 
(Salary, $2,500.) 

[The office of Quartermaster-General of New Jersey 
was established by an act of the Legislature, approved 
March 11, 1806.] 

1807-1814, Jonathan Rhea; 1814, Charles Gordon; 1814-1821, 
Ellet Tucker; 1821-1824, James J. Wilson; 1824-1837, Garret 
D. Wall; 1837-1855, Samuel R. Hamilton; 1855-1889, Lewis 
Perrine; 1890-1905, Richard A. Donnelly; 1905— C. Edward 
Murray. 

[General Lewis Perrine died In 1889 and the vacancy was 
filled by Adjutant-General Stryker until the appointment 
of General Donnelly. General Donnelly died February 
27, 1905.] 

STATE LIBRARIANS. 

(Term since 1878, five years — Salary, J3,000.) 

1822, William L. Prall; 1823 to '28, Charles Parker; 1829 to 
'33, William Boswell; 1833 to '36, Peter For=man; 1837 to '42, 
Charles C. Yard; 1843 to '45, Peter Forman; 1845 to '52, 
William D'Hart; 1852 to '53, Sylvester Vanslckle; 1853 to 
'66, Charles J. Ihrle; 1866 to '69, Clarence J. Mulford; 1869 
to '71, Jeremiah Dally; 1872 to '83, James S. McDanolds; 
1884 to '99, Morris R. Hamilton; 1899 to 1914, Henry 
C. Buchanan; 1914 to , John P. Dullard. 

STATE PRISON KEEPERS. 
(Term since 1876, five years. Salary, $3,500.) 
Crooks; 1811, Henry Bellerjeau; Francis La- 



baw; 1829, Ephralm Ryno; 1830, Thomas M. Perrine; 
1836, Joseph A. Yard; 1839, John Voorhees; 1841, Jacob 
B. Gaddis; 1843, Joseph A. Yard; 1845, Jacob B. Gaddls; 
1851, William B. Vanderveer; 1857, Robert P. Stoll; 
1862, T. V. D. Hoagland; 1863, Joseph B. Walker; 1866, 
Peter P. Robinson; 1868, George A. Walker; 1869, 
David D. Hennion; 1871, Robert H. Howell; 1873, 
Charles T^^ilson; 1876, Gershom Mott; 1881, P. H. Lav- 
erty; 1886, John H. Patterson; 1896, Samuel S. Moore; 
1902, Georg-e O. Osborne; 1912, Thomas B, Madden. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



123 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Below 


is a record 


of the length 


of each 


session, the 


date 01 


meeting 


and adjournment of, and 


the number of laws 


enacted 


by the various Legislatures since the adoption of the new 


Constl- 


tutlon in 


1844: 






Laws 


Joint 
Resolu- 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. enacted, tions. 


1845— Jaj 


auary 14, 


April 4, 


12 Weeks. 138 


7 


1846— 


" 13, 


" 18. 


14 


114 


16 


1847— 


12, 


M'ch 5, 


8 • 


109 


13 


1848— 


11, 


9, 


9 


136 


14 


1849— 


9, 


2, 


8 


136 


12 


1850— 


8, 


8. 


9 


123 


9 


1851— 


14, 


•• 19, 


10 


171 


8 


1852— 


13, 


•• 30, 


11 


213 


9 


1853— 


12, 


" 11. 


9 ' 


198 


12 


1854— 


10, 


" 17, 


10 


223 


13 


1855— 


9. 


April 6, 


13 


258 


5 


1856— 


8, 


M'ch 14, 


10 


180 


11 


1857— 


13, 


" 21, 


10 


223 


2 


1858— 


12, 


" 18, 


10 


215 


8 


1859— 


11, 


" 23, 


11 ' 


231 


1 


1860— 


10, 


" 22. 


11 


270 


6 


1861— 


8, 


" 15. 


10 ' 


181 


2 


1862— 


14, 


" 28, 


11 


194 


5 


1863— 


13. 


" 25, 


11 


279 


8 


1864— 


12, 


April 14. 


14 


446 


7 


1865— 


10, 


" 6, 


13 


514 


5 


1866— 


9, 


" 6. 


13 • 


487 


6 


1867— 


18, 


" 12. 


12 • 


480 


12 


1868— 


14, 


" 17, 


14 


566 


11 


1869— 


12, 


2, 


12 • 


577 


5 


1870— 


11, 


M'ch 17. 


10 


532 


6 


1871— 


10, 


April 6, 


13 


625 


9 


1872— 


9, 


4, 


13 


603 


10 


1873— 


14, 


4, 


12 


723 


1 


1874— 


13. 


M'ch 27, 


11 


534 


1 


1875— 


12, 


April 9, 


13 ' 


439 





1876— 


11, 


•• 21, 


15 


213 


6 


1877— 


9, 


M'ch 9, 


9 


156 


6 


1878— 


8, 


April 5, 


13 


267 


7 


1879— 


14, 


M'ch 14, 


9 


209 


8 


1880— 


13, 


" 12, 


9 


224 


4 


1881— 


11, 


•• 25, 


11 


230 


10 


1882— 


" 10. 


" 31, 


12 


190 


7 


1883— 


" 9, 


" 23, 


11 


208 


6 


1884— 


8. 


April 18, 


15 


225 


9 


1885 — 


13. 


4, 


12 ' 


250 


4 
S 
8 
11 
8 
8 
« 
1 
2 


1886—* 


12. 


June 2, 


15 


• 279 


1887— t 


11, 


April 7, 


13 


182 


1888— 


10. 


M'ch 30, 


12 


337 


1889— 


8. 


April 20, 


15 


297 


1890— 


14, 


May 23, 


19 


311 


1891— 


" 13, 


M'ch 20, 


10 


285 


1892— 


12, 


" 11, 


9 


296 
292 


1893— 


10, 


" 11, 


9 



124 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Year. Meeting. 


A'djoumment. 


Laws 
Length. enacted 


Resola- 
. tion«. 


1894— t Jan'j 9, 


Oct. 


2, 


20 WeckB S54 


7 


1895— § 


8, 


June 


IS, 


13 


' 434 


8 


1896— 


14, 


M'ch 


26, 


11 


* 219 


2 


1897— 


12, 


" 


31. 


12 


• 206 


1 


1898— 


11. 


•* 


25, 


11 


' 242 


2 


1899— 


10. 


" 


24, 


11 


• 219 


8 


1900— 


0, 


" 


23, 


11 


• 198 


8 


1901— 


8, 


" 


22, 


11 


210 


2 


1902— 


14, 


•• 


27, 


11 


279 


4 


1903— 


13, 


April 


2, 


12 


273 


8 


1904— 


12, 


M'ch 


25, 


11 


250 


10 


1905— 


10, , 




30. 


12 


270 


5 


1906— 


9, 


April 12, 


14 


331 


11 


1907— • 


8, 


Oct. 


12, 


40 


290 


8 


1908— 


14, 


AprU 


11, 


13 • 


322 


11 


1909— 


' 12, 


<< 


16, 


14 


272 


8 


1910— 


11, 


" 


7, 


13 • 


308 


2 


1911— ' 


10. 


" 


21, 


15 


382 


8 


1912—** ' 


9. 


" 


16, 


15 


420 


10 


1913— tt ' 


14, 


" 


3, 


12 


367 


6 


1914— ' 


13, 


" 


9, 


13 


274 


2 


1915—$$ ' 


12, 


" 


20. 


15 


413 


6 



• After a session of 14 weeks the House took a recess on April 
16th till June 1st. The Senate continued In session, as a Court 
of Impeachment, till April 22d, when a recess was taken till June 
1st. Dp to the time of taking the recess the Senate and House 
were In session together 14 weeks, and the Senate, bj itself, on* 
week. 

t The Senate did not organize till February 1st 

t On May 26th a recess was taken until October 2d, when the 
Legislature re-assembled, and, without transacting any business, 
adjourned sine die at 3:30 in the afternoon. 

§ On March 22d, a recess was taken until June 4th, when the 
Legislature re-assembled, and. remaining In session two weeks, 
adjourned sine die on June 13th. 

" This Legislature was In continuous session 14 weeks, and on 
April 12 adjourned to June 18. Then there was another ad- 
journment, and subsequently frequent recesses were taken until 
final adjournment. 

*• This Legislature was in session until March 29th, then took a 
recess to April 10th, and on April 11th took a recess to April 16th 
and then adjourned sine die. 

tt First special session, May 6th to 26th. Laws enacted, 22. 

tt Second special session, August 5th to 12th. Laws enacted, 2. 

$$ Special session, May 3d. Laws enacted, 2. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



125 



POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF NEW JER- 
SEY'S LEGISLATURES. 

(From 1845 to date.) 



1845— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. 
1 Native American. 

1846 — Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. 

1847— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. 

1848— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. 

1849— Senate, 10 Whigs; 9 Dems. 
1850 — Senate, '9 Whigs; 11 Dems. 



1851— Senate, 10 Whigs; 10 Dems. House, 28 Whigs; 



House, 80 Whigs; 27 Dems.; 

House, 40 Whigs; 18 Dems. 
House, 38 Whigs; 20 Dema. 
House, 39 Whigs; 19 Dems. 
House, 33 Whigs; 25 Dems. 
House, 25 Whigs; 35 Dems. 
Dems. 



House, 45 Dems.; 15 Whigs. 
House, 39 Dems.; 21 Whigs, 
House, 40 Dems.; 20 Whigs. 
House, 



House, 



House, 



Dems.; 28 Reps.; 2 Amer- 



1. 



1852 — Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs 
1853 — Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. 
1854— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. 
1855 — Senate, 10 Dems.; 9 Whigs; 1 Native American. 

29 Dems.; 25 Whigs; 6 Native American. 
1856 — Senate, 11 Dems.; 5 Whigs; 4 Native American. 

30 Dems.; 14 Whigs; 1 Ind. Dem.; 15 Native American. 
1857— Senate, 11 Dems.; 6 Whigs; 3 Know Nothings. 

38 Dems.; combined opposition, 22. 

1858 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1859 — Senate, Democratic. House, Opposition 

1860 — Senate, Democratic. House, 
lean. 

1861 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1862 — Senate, Democrats and Republicans, tie; Independent 
Housei Democratic. Democratic majority on joint ballot, 3. 

1863-64 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1865 — Senate, Democratic. House, a tie. 

1866-67 — Both Houses Republican. 

1868-69-70 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1871-72-73 — Both Houses Republican. 

1874 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
licans; 28 Democrats. 

1875 — Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats, 
crats; 19 Republicans. 

1876 — Both Houses Republican. 

1877 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. 

1878 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1879-80-81 — Both Houses Republican. 

1882 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1883 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 35 Demo- 
crats; 25 Republicans. 

1884 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1885 — Both Houses Republican. 

1886 — Both Houses Republican. 

1887— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
crats, 26 Republicans; 2 Labor Democrats. 

1888 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
licans; 23 Democrats. 

1889 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans 
ocrats; 28 Republicans. 

1890— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
crats; 23 Republicans. 



House, 32 Repub- 
House, 41 Demo- 



House, a tie. 



House, 32 Demo- 
House, 37 Repub- 
House, 32 Dem- 
Honse, 87 Demo- 



126 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



7 Republicans. House, 40 Demo- 
5 Republicans. House, 42 Demo- 
House, 39 Demo- 
House, 39 Repub- 
House, 54 Repub- 
House, 43 Repub- 
House, 56 Repub- 
House, 37 Re- 
Democrats. House, 43 Repub- 



1891 — Senate, 14 Democrats: 
crats; 20 Republicans. 

1892 — Senate, 16 Democrats- 
crats; 18 Republicans. 

1893— Senate, 16 Democrats; 5 Republicans 
carats; 21 Republicans , 

1894 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats 
llcans; 20 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1895 — Senate, 16 Republicans; 5 Democrats, 
licans; 6 Democrats. 

1896— Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
llcans; 16 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1897— Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
licans; 4 Democrats. 

1898-99— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1900— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 
licansj 16 Democrats; 1 vacancy. 

1901 — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats. House, 
licans; 15 Democrats. 

1902 — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats. House, 
licans; 14 Democrats. 

1903-4 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House 
licans; 22 Democrats. 

1905 — Senate, 14 Republicans 
licans; 14 Democrats. 

190'6— Senate, 17 Republicans 
licans; 1 Ind. Rep.; 3 Democrats 

1907— Senate, 15 Republicans 
crats; 29 Republicans. 

1908 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 
llcansj 20 Democrats. 

1909— Senate, 13 Republicans 
licans; 15 Democrats. 

1910— Senate, 15 Republicans 
licans; 19 Democrats. 

1911 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 
licans; 42 Democrats. 

1912— Senate, 11 Republicans 
licans; 23 Democrats. 

1913 — Senate, 12 Democrats; 9 Republicans, 
crats; 8 Republicans; one vacancy. 

1914 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans, 
crats: 23 Republicans. 

1915 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
licnns: 22 Deinnrrnts. , 

1916 — Senate. 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats, 
licans; 20 Democrats. 



7 Democrats. House, 

4 Democrats. House, 

3. 

6 Democrats. House, 



8 Democrats. House, 
6 Democrats. House, 



10 Democrats. House, 37 Repub- 
House, 51 Demo- 



45 


Repub- 


46 


Repub- 


38 


Repub- 


46 


Repub- 


56 


Repub- 


31 


Demo- 


40 


Repub- 


45 


Repub- 


41 


Repub- 


18 


Repub- 



House, 37 Demo- 
House, 38 Repub- 
House, 40 Repub- 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 127 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF COUNCIL AND 

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF ASSEMBLY. 

(From 1776 to 1844, when the new Constitution was formed.) 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

1776-81— John Stevens, Hunterdon. 
1782 —John Cox, Burlington, 
1783-84— Philemon Dickinson, Hunterdon. 
1785-88— Robert Lettls Hooper, Hunterdon. 
1789-92— Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1793-94— Thomas Henderson, Monmouth. 
1795 —Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1796-97— James Linn, Somerset. 
1798-1800— George Anderson, Burlington. 
1801-04— John Lambert, Hunterdon. 

1805 —Thomas Little, Monmouth. 

1806 —George Anderson, Burlington. 

1807 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1808 —Ebenezer Seeley, Cumberland. 

1809 —Thomas Ward, Essex. 
1810-11— Charles Clark, Essex. 

1812 —James Schureman, Middlesex. 

1813 —Charles Clark, Essex. 
1814-15— William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1816-22— Jesse Upson, Morris. 
1823-25— Peter J. Stryker, Somerset. 

1826 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 

1827 —Silas Cook, Morris. 

1828 —Charles Newbold, Burlington. 
1829-30— Edward Condict, Morris. 
1831-32— Ellas P. Seeley, Cumberland. 

1833 — Mahlon Dlckerson, Morris. 

1834 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

1835 —Charles SItgreaves, Warren. 

1836 — Jeptha B. Munn, Morris. 
1837-38— Andrew Parsons, Passaic. 
1839- 40— Joseph Porter, Gloucester. 

1842 —John Cassedy, Bergen. 

1843 —William Chetwood, Essex. 

1844 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 



128 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 



SPEAKERS. 

1776-78— John Hart, Hunterdon. 

Second Session 1778— Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1779 —Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1780 — Joslah Hornblower, Essex. 

1781 —John Mehelm, Hunterdon. 
1782-83— Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 
1784 —Daniel Hendrlckson, Monmouth. 
1784-86 — Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1787 —Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 

1788 —Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1789 —John Beatty, Middlesex. 

1790 —Jonathan Dayton, Essex, 

1791 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1792-94— Silas Condlct, Morris. 

1795 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1796 —James H. Imlay, Monmouth. 

1797 —Silas Condlct, Morris. 
1798-1800— William Coxe, Burlington. 

1801 —Silas Dickerson, Sussex. 

1802 —William Coxe. Burlington. 

1803 —Peter Gordon, Hunterdon. 
1804-07— James Cox, Monmouth. 
1808-09— Lewis Condlct, Morris. 
1810-11— William Kennedy, Sussex. 

1812 —William Pearson, Burlington. 

1813 —Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 
1814-15— Samuel Pennington, Essex. 

1816 —Charles Clark, Essex. 

1817 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1818-22— David Thompson, Jr., Morris. 

1823 —Lucius Q. C. Elmer, Cumberland. 

1824 —David Johnston, Hunterdon. 
1825-26— George K. Drake, Morris. 
1827-28— William B. Ewing, Cumberland. 
1829-31— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 
1832 —John P. Jackson, Essex. 
1833-35— Daniel B. Ryall, Monmouth. 
1836 —Thomas G. Haight, Monmouth. 
1837-38— Lewis Condlct, Morris. 

1839 —William Stites, Essex. 
1840-41— John Emley, Burlington. 
1842 —Samuel B. Halsey, Morris. 
1843-44— Joseph Taylor, Cumberland. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 129 



SENATE OFFICERS. 



PRESIDENTS. 



1845-48 — John C. Smallwood, Gloucester. 
1849-50 — Ephralm Marsh. Morris. 

1851 —Silas D. Canfleld, Passaic. 

1852 — John Manners, Hunterdon. 
1853-56— W. C. Alexander. Mercer. 
1857-58— Henry V. Speer, Middlesex. 

1859 — Thomas R. Herring, Bergen. 

1860 — C. L. C. Glfford, Essex. 

1861 — Edmund Perry. Hunterdon. 

1862 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1863 — Anthony Reckless, Monmouth. 

1864 —Amos Robbins. Middlesex. 

1865 — Edward W. Scudder. Mercer. 
1896 — James M. Scovel. Camden. 
1867 — Benjamin Buckley. Passaic. 
1868-69— Henry S. Little, Monmouth. 
1870 — Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 
1871-72— Edward Bettlo. Camden. 
1873-75 — John W. Taylor, Essex. 

1876 — W. J. Sewell. Camden. 

1877 — Leon Abbett. Hudson. 

1878 — G. C. Ludlow, Middlesex. 
1879-80 — W. J. Sewell. Camden. 
1881-82— G. A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1883 —J. J. Gardner. Atlantic. 

1884 — B. A. Vail. Union. 

1885 —A. V. Schenck. Middlesex. 

1886 — John W. Griggs. Passaic. 

1887 —Frederick S. Fish. Essex. 

1888 — George H. Large, Hunterdon. 

1889 — George T. Werts. Morris. 

1890 — H. M. Neyius, Monmouth. 
1891-93— Robert Adraln. Middlesex. 

1894 — Maurice A. Rogers, Camden. 

1895 — Edward C. Stokes, Cumberland. 

1896 — Lewis A. Thompson, Somerset; Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1897 — Robert Williams. Passaic. 

1898 — Foster M. Voorhees, Union; William H. Skerm (pro 

tem.), Mercer. 

1899 — Charles A. Reed, Somerset. 

1900 — William M. Johnson. Bergen. 

1901 — Mahlon Pitney, Morris. 

1902 — C. Asa Francis. Monmouth. 

1903 — Elijah C. Hutchinson, Mercer. 

1904 — Edmund W. Wakelee, Bergen. 

J 905 — ♦Joseph Cross, Union; 'Wm. J. Bradley, Camden. 
1908 — William J. Bradley, Camden. 

1907 — Bloomfleld H. Minch, Cumberland. 

1908 — Thomas J. Hlllery, Morris. 



* Joseph Cross resigned on March 30. and he was succeeded by 
William J. Bradley. 



130 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1909 — tSamuel K, Robblns, Burlington; Joseph S. Frellnghny- 

sen, Somerset. 

1910 — Joseph S. Frelinghoysen, Somerset. 

1911 — Ernest R. Ackerman, Union. * 

1912 — John Dyneley Prince, Passaic. 

1913 — * James F. Fielder, Hudson; James A. C. Johnson, Ber- 

gen (pro tem.). 

1914 — John W. Slocum, Monmouth. 

1915 —Walter E. Edge, Atlantic. 

SECRETARIES. 

1845-47 — Daniel Dodd, Jr., Essex. 
1848-50— Philip J. Gray, Camden. 
1851 — John Rogers, Burlington. 
1852-53 — Samuel A. Allen, Salem. 
1854 — A. R. Throckmorton, Hudson. 
1855-56 — A. R. Throckmorton. Monmouth. 
1857-58 — A. B. Chamberlain, Hunterdon. 
1859-60 — John C. RaCferty, Hunterdon. 
1861 — Joseph J. Sleeper, Burlington. 
1862-63 — Morris R. Hamilton, Camden. 
1864-65 — John H. Meeker, Essex. 
1866-67 — Enoch R. Borden, Mercer. 
1868-69 — Joseph B. Cornish, Warren. 
1870 — John C. Raflferty, Hunterdon. 
1871-74— Johfl F. Babcock, Middlesex. 
1875-76 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1877-78 — C. M. Jemison, Somerset. 
1879 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1880-82 — George Wurts, Passaic. 
1883-85— W. A. Stiles, Sussex. 
1886-88 — Richard B. Reading, Hunterdon. 

1889 — John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1890 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1891-92 — John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 
1893 —Samuel C. Thompson, Warren, 

. 1894 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1895-97 — Henry B. Rolllnson, Union. 
1898 — George A. Frey, Camden. 
1899-1900— Augustus S. Barber, Jr., Gloucester. 
1901-02-03-04— Walter E. Edge, Atlantic. 
1905-10 — Howard L. Tyler, Cumberland. 

1911 — William C. Murphey, Camden. 

1912 — Francis B. Davis, Gloucester. 
1913-14 — William T.. Dill. Passaic. 
1915 — Francis B. Davis, Gloucester. 

t Samuel K. Robblns resigned on April 16 and was succeeded 
by Joseph S. Frelinghuysen. 

* Became Acting Governor, March 1. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 131 

ASSEMBLY OFFICERS. 



SPEAKERS. 

1845 — Isaac Van Wagenen, Essex. 

1846 — Lewis Howell, Cumberland. 
1847-48 — John W. C. Evans, Burlington. 

1849 — Edw. W. Whelpley, Morris. 

1850 — John T. Nixon, Cumberland. 

1851 —John H. Phillips, Mercer. 

1852 — John Huyler, Bergen. 

1853-54 — John W. Fennimore, Burlington. 

1855 — William Parry, Burlington. 

1856 — Thomas W. Demarest, Bergen. 

1857 — Andrew Dutcher, Mercer. 

1858 — Daniel Holsman, Bergen. 

1859 — Edwin Salter, Ocean. 

1860 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1861 — F. H. Teese, Essex. 

1862 — Charles Haight, Monmouth. 

1863 —James T. Crowell, Middlesex. 

1864 — Joseph N. Taylor, Passaic. 

1865 — Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1866 —John Hill, Morris. 

1867 — G. W. N. Curtis, Camden. 

1868 — Aug. 0. Eyans, Hudson. 
1869-70 — Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1871 —Albert P. Condlt, Essex. 

1872 —Nathaniel Nlles, Morris. 

1873 — Isaac L. Fisher, Middlesex. 

1874 — Garret A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1875 — George O. Vanderbilt, Mercer. 

1876 — John D. Carscallen, Hudson. 

1877 — Rudolph F. Rabe, Hudson. 

1878 — John Egan, Union. 

1879 — Schuyler B. Jackson, Essex. 

1880 — Sherman B. Ovlatt, Monmouth. 

1881 — Harrison VanDnyne, Essex. 

1882 —John T. Dunn, Union. 

1883 — Thomas O'Connor, Essex. 

1884 — A. B. Stoney, Monmouth. 
1885-86 — E. A. Armstrong, Camden. 

1887 — WlUlam M. Balrd, Warren. 

1888 —Samuel D. Dickinson. Hudson. 

1889 — Robert S. Hudspeth, Hudson. 

1890 — W. C. Hepp'enhelmer, Hudson. 
1891-92 — James J. Bergen, Somerset. 

1893 — Thomas Flynn, Passaic. 

1894 —•John I. Holt, Passaic; •Joseph Cross, Union. 

1895 — Joseph Cross, Union. 

1896 — Louis T. Derousse, Camden. 

1897 — George W. Macpherson, Mercer. 
1898-99— ••David O. Watkins, Gloucester. 
1900 — Benjamin F. Jones, Essex. 
1901-02 — William J. Bradley, Camden. 
1903 —John G. Horner, Burlington. 

• Speaker Holt resigned on May 26th, and Mr. Cross aacceeded 
him. 
•* Became Acting Governor, October 18th, 



132 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1904-05 — John Boyd Avis, Gloucester. 

1906 — Samuel K. Robblns, Burlington. 

1907 — Edgar E. Lethbrldge, Essex. 

1908 — Frank B. Jess, Camden. 

1909 — John D. Prince, Passaic. 

1910 —Harry P. Ward, Bergen. 

1911 — Edward Kenny, Hudson. 

1912 — Thomas F. McCran. Passaic. 

1913 — *Leon R. Taylor, Monmouth. 

1914 — Azariah M. Beekiuan, Somerset. 

1915 — Carltou Godfrey, Atlantic. 

CLERKS. 
1845 — Alexander G. Cattell, Salem. 
1&46 — Adam C. Davis, Hunterdon. 
1847-50 — Alex. M. Cumminp, Mercer. 
1851-52 — David Naar, Essex. 
1853-54 — David W. Dellickor, Somerset. 
1855 — Peter D. Vroom, Hudson. 
1856-57 — William Darmon, Gloucester. 

1858 — Daniel Blauvelt, Essex. 

1859 — John P. Harker, Camden. 

1860 — D. Blauvelt, Jr.. K-<sex. 
1861-62 — ^Jacob Sharp, Warren. 
1863-64 — Levi Scobey, Monmouth. 
1865-66 — George B. Cooper, Cumberland. 
1867 — Ed. Jardine, Bergen. 
1868-70 — A. M. Johnston. Mercer. 

1871 — A. M. Gumming, Mercer. 

1872-74 — Sinnlckson Chew, Camden. 

1875 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1876-77 — John Y. Foster, Essex. 

1878 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1879-81 — C. O. Cooper, Morris. 

1882-83 — Arthur Wilson, Monmouth. 

1884 — Henry D. Wlnton, Bergen. 

1885-86 — Samuel Toombs, Essex. 

1887 — Joseph Atkinson, Essex. 

1888 — James P. Logan, Burlington. 
1889-90 — John J. Matthews, Onion. 
1891-92 — Thos. F. Noonan, Jr., Hudson. 

1893 — Leonard Kalisch, Essex. 

1894 —J. Herbert Potts, Hudson. 
1895-97 — James Parker. Passaic. 
1898-99 — Thomas H. Jones. Essex. 
1907 —Michael W. Higgins, Essex. 
1900-06; 08-09-10 — James Parker, Passaic. 

1911 — Daniel A. Dugan, Essex. 

1912 — Upton S. Jefferys, Camden. 
1933-14— Marls P. Pliillips. Es.<;ex. 
1915 —Upton S. Jefferys, Camden. 



* Became Acting Governor October 28th. 



STATE CENSUS. 



133 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

Population by Minor Civil Divisions, 1910. 1915. 
Official. 





ATLANTIC COUNTY. 














In- De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


Absecon City 


781 


870 


89 


1st Ward . . 


381 








2d Ward . . . 


489 








Atlantic City 
1st Ward . . 




46,150 


51,667 


5,517 . . . . 


.' ' ' '12.406 




2d Ward . . . 


9.360 








3d Ward . . . 


. 12,527 








4th Ward . . 


. 17.374 








Buena Vista Township.. 


2,723 


3,599 


876 


East Atlantic City* 


67 


20 


47 


Egg Harbor City 


2,181 


2,416 


235 


Egg Harbor Township.. 


1,110 


1,856 


746 






Folsom Borough 


232 


266 


34 






Galloway Township . . . 


1,976 


2,115 


139 






Hamilton Township . . . 


2,271 


2,432 


161 






Hammonton . 
Linwood Boro 




5,088 
602 


5,896 
610 


808 
8 






ugh 




Longport Borough 


118 


143 


25 






Margate City 


129 


291 


162 






Mullica Township 


811 


967 


156 






Northfield City 


866 


968 


102 






1st Ward . . . 56S 








2d Ward . . . 


400 








Pleasantville ( 


:ity 


4,390 


4,663 


473 


1st Ward . . 


2.600 








2d Ward . . . 


2.263 








Port Republic 


City 


405 


422 


17 


1st Ward . . 


200 








2d Ward . . . 


ooo 








Somers Point 


■city..t.T 


604 


790 


186 


1st Ward . . 


358 








2d Ward . . . 


432 








VentnoT City 




491 


1.676 


1,185 


1st Ward . . 


.' " " 1.673 








2d Ward . . . 


603 








Weymouth Township . . 
Net increase, 


899 


973 


74 








10.940. 


71,894 


82,840 


10,993 47 


BERGEN COUNTY. 




Allendale Borough .... 


937 


1,121 


184 


Alpine Borough 


377 


533 


156 


. 


Bergenfield Borough . . . 


1,991 


2.924 


933 




Bogota Borough 


1,125 


2,341 


1,216 




Carlstadt Borough .... 


3.807 


4,137 


330 


. 


Cliffside Park Borough.. 


3,394 


4,778 


1.384 




Chester Borou 


gn 


1,483 


1,735 


252 




• 



* Name changed from Brigantine City. 



134 



STATE CENSUS. 









In- De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


Cresskill Borough 


550 


922 


372 


Delford Borough 


1,005 


1,244 


239 


Demarest Borough .... 


560 


588 


28 


Dumont Borough 


1,783 


2,278 


495 


East Rutherford Bor- 








ough 


4,275 
2,655 


4,576 
3,150 


301 

495 


Edgewater Borough . . . 


Emerson Borough 


767 


906 


139 


Englewood City 


9,924 


11,071 


1,147 


1st Ward 2,111 








, 2d Ward 2,254 








3d Ward 3.389 








4th Ward 3.317 








Englewood Cliffs Bor- 








ough 


410 


532 


122 


Fairview Borough 


2,441 


4,016 


1,575 


Fort Lee Borough 


4,472 


5,288 


816 


Franklin Township .... 


1,954 


2,238 


284 


Garfield Borough 


10.213 


15,455 


5,242 


Glen Rock Borough .... 


1.055 


1,689 


634 


Harrington Township . . 


588 


785 


197 


Harrington Park Bor- 








ough 


377 


551 


174 


Hasbrouck Heights Bor- 








ough 


2,155 


2,424 


269 


Haworth Borough 


588 


733 


145 


Hillsdale Township .... 


1,072 


1,444 


372 


Hohokus Borough 

Hohokus Township .... 


488 


561 


73 


1.881 


2,428 


547 


Leonia Borough 


1,486 


2.132 


646 


Little Ferry Borough. . . 


2,541 


2,729 


188 


Lodi Borough 


4,138 


6,379 


2,241 .... 


Lodi Township 


693 


904 


211 


May wood Borough 


889 


1,309 


420 


Midland Township .... 


1,480 


1,884 


404 


Midland Park Borough.. 


2.001 


2,130 


129 


Montvale Borough 


522 


728 


206 


Moonachie Borough .... 


638 


993 


355 


New Barbadoes Town- 








ship* 


14,050 


15,856 


1,806 . . . . 


1st Ward. . . . 5.070 






2d Ward 3,111 








3d Ward.... 2,896 








4th Ward 3,000 








5th Ward 1.779 








North Arlington Bor- 








ough 


437 


1,079 


642 


Norwood Borough 


564 


680 


116 


Oakland Borough 


568 


628 


60 


Old Tappan Borough . . 


305 


323 


18 . . . . 


Orvil Township 


970 


1,167 


197 


Overpeck Township . . . 


4,512 


7,000 


2,488 


Palisades Township . . . 


1.141 


1,592 


451 


Palisades Park Borough, 


1,411 


2,264 


853 


Park Ridge Borough . . 


1,401 


1,643 


242 .... 


Ramsey Borough 


1,667 


1,973 


306 



* New Barbadoes Township, co-extensive with Hacken- 
sack Town. 



STATE CENSUS. 



135 



1910. 

Ridgefield Borougli 966 

Ridgewood Township . . 5,416 

Riverside Borough .... 736 

Rivervale Township . . . 450 

Rutherford Borough . . . 7,045 

Saddle River Borough.. 483 

Saddle River Township, 3,047 

Teaneck Township .... 2,082 

Tenafly Borough 2,756 

Union Township 4,076 

Upper Saddle River Boa-- 

ough 273 

Wallington Borough ... 3,448 
Washington Township. . 100 
Westwood Borough .... 1,870 
Woodcliff Lake Bor- 
ough 470 

Woodridge Borough 1,043 

Net increase, 

40,594. 138,002 178,596 





In- De- 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


1,187 


221 


6,729 


1,313 


949 


213 


530 


80 


8,347 


1,302 


555 


72 


4,014 


967 


3,254 


1,172 


2,999 


243 .... 


7,299 


3,223 


364 


91 


4,071 


623 


218 


118 


2,217 


347 


522 


52 


1,500 


457 



40,594 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 



Bass River Township . . . 

Beverly City 

Beverly Township 

Bordentown Township . . 

Bordentown City 

1st Ward 1,750 

2d Ward 1,545 

3d Ward 800 

Burlington City 

Burlington Township . . 

Chester Township 

Chesterfield Township . . 

Cinaminson Township . . 

Delran Township 

Easthampton Township, 

Evesham Township .... 

Fieldsboro 

Florence Township .... 

Lumberton Township . . . 

Mansfield Township .... 

Medford Township .... 

Mount Laurel Town- 
ship 

New Hanover Township, 

North Hanover Township, 

Northampton Township 

Palmyra Township . . 

Pemberton Township 

Pemberton Borough . . 

Riverside Township . . 

Riverton Borough . . . 

Shamong Township . . 

Southampton Township, 

Springfield Township . . 



685 


735 


50 




2,140 


2,450 


310 


.... 


2.337 


2,719 


382 




608 


529 




"79 


4,250 


4,095 




155 


8,336 


9,044 


708 




1.220 


1,424 


204 


.... 


5,069 


6,061 


992 


.... 


1,130 


1,228 


98 


.... 


1,266 


1,585 


319 




1,031 


1,409 


378 




508 


486 


.... 


' 22 


1,408 


1.396 




12 


480 


510 


'"36 




4.731 


6,240 


1,509 




1.768 


1,854 


86 


.... 


1.526 


1,597 


71 


.... 


1,903 


1,978 


75 





1,573 


1,736 


163 




948 


932 




*"i6 


696 


692 




4 


5,652 


5,657 


"5 




2,801 


3,295 


494 




1,679 


1.865 


186 




797 


793 




* '4 


4,011 


5,465 


1,454 




1,788 


2.141 


353 


.... 


483 


500 


17 


! ! ! ! 


1,778 


1,848 


70 




1,278 


1,329 


51 


.... 



136 



STATE CENSUS. 



Tabernacle Township . . 
Washington Township . . 
Westhampton Township, 
Willingboro Township. . 
Woodland Township . . . 
Net increase, 
8,172. 



1910. 

487 
597 
564 
562 
475 



1915. 
479 
672 
612 
703 
678 



66,565 74,73' 



In- 
crease. 

' 75 

48 
141 
203 

8,472 



De- 
crease. 
8 



300 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 

Audubon Borough 1,343 3,009 1,666 

Berlin Township 1.611 2,076 465 

Camden Citv * 94,538 102,215 7,677 

1st Ward.\ . . 7,553 

2d Ward 8,383 

3d Ward 5,120 

4th Ward 4,313 

5th Ward 8,773 

6th Ward 7,025 

7th Ward 10,618 

8th Ward 10,423 

9th Ward 6.626 

10th Ward... 8.797 

11th Ward... 7,031 

12th Ward... 7.702 

13th Ward... 9,851 

Centre Township 3,200 3,710 510 

Chesilhurst Borough ... 246 314 68 

Clementon Township . . . 2,794 2,605 

Collingswood Borougb. . 4,795 6,600 
Delaware Township .... 1.706 2,227 
Gloucester City 9,462 10,554 

1st Ward 4,256 

2d Ward 6,298 

Gloucester Township . . . 2,380 2,764 

Haddon Township 1,465 2,082 

Haddon Heights Bor- 

ough 1,452 2,297 

Haddonfield Borough . . 4,142 5,077 

Laurel Springs Borough,* 791 

Magnolia Boroughy .... .... 977 

Merchantville Borough. . 1,996 2,242 

Oaklyn Borough 653 793 

Pensauken Township . . . 4,169 o.213 
Voorhees Township .... 1,174 1,330 
Waterford Township . . . 1.484 1,936 

Winslow Township 2,919 3,531 

Woodlyne Borough .... 500 878 

Net^inc^rease, ^-^^^ ^— - ^^ ^^^ 

* Set off from Clementon Township. 
t Set off from Township of Clementon. 



189 



1,805 




52] 


1,092 


384 


617 




845 




935 




791 




977 




246 




140 




1,044 




156 




452 




612 




378 



189 



STATE CENSUS. 



137 



CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

In- Do- 

1910. 1915. crease, crease 

Avalon Borough 230 323 93 

Cape May City 2,471 2,513 42 

Cape May Point Bor- 

ougli 162 170 8 

Dennis Townstiio 1,751 1,804 53 

Lower Township 1.188 1,271 83 

Middle Township 2,974 3,383 409 

North Wildwood Bor- 
ough* 833 1,088 255 

Ocean City 1,950 3,721 1,771 

Sea Isle City 551 955 404 

South Cape May Bor- 
ough 7 1j 12 

Stone HarboT Borough, t 459 459 

Upper Township 1,483 1,589 106 

West Cape May Bor- 
ough 844 1,068 224 

Wildwood Cityi 898 3,858 1,059 

Wildwood Crest Borough, 103 317 214 

Woodbine Borough .... 2,399 1,869 530 

Net increase, ■ — 

4,662. 19.745 24,407 5,192 530 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

Bridgeton City 14.209 13,611 598 

1st Ward 2,120 

2d Ward 2,981 

3d Ward 3,403 

4th Ward 3,153 

5th Ward.... 1.954 
Commercial Township . . 2,604 2,624 20 .... 

Deerfield Township 3.311 3,621 310 

Downe Township 1,519 1,570 51 .... 

Fairfield Township 1.629 1,621 8 

Greenwich Township . . . 1.145 1,147 2 .... 

Hopewell Townshio . . . 1.818 1.807 11 

Landis Township 6.435 8.658 2.223 .... 

Lawrence Township ... 1,746 1,801 55 

Maurice River Township. 2.124 2.221 97 

Millville City 12,451 13,307 856 

1st Ward. . . . 2.655 

2d Ward 2,044 

3d Ward 3.112 

4th Ward 2.923 

5th Ward 2.573 

Stow Creek Townshio. . . 880 9Q2 82 

Vineland Borough 5.282 6.531 1,249 .... 

Net increase, 

4.328. 55.153 59.481 4.945 617 

* Formerly Anglcsea. 

t Set off from Middle Township. 

i Wildwood City was formerly Wildwood Borough and 
Holly Beach Borough. In 1910 Holly Beach Borough had 
a population of 1.901. 



138 STATE CENSUS. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 







1910. 


1915. 


in- ue- 
crease. crease 


Belleville Town 


9,891 


11,996 


2,105 


1st Ward. . 


4,419 








2d Ward. . 


5.205 








3d Ward.. 


2,372 








Bloomfield Town 


15,070 


17,306 


2,236 


1st Ward. . 


6,506 








2d Ward.. 


5.212 








3d Ward. . 


5,588 








Caldwell Township 


704 


782 


78 


Caldwell Borough 


2.236 


3.409 


1.173 


Cedar Grove 


Township.. 


2,409 


2,979 


570 


East Orange 


City 


34,371 


40,961 


6,590 


1st Ward. . 


5,335 








2d Ward . . 


6.545 








3d Ward. . 


11.885 








4th Ward. . 


6.176 








5tliWard.. 


. 11.020 








Essex Fells 1 


Borough. . . 


442 


538 


96 


Glen Ridge B( 


H-ough .... 


3.260 


4,153 


893 


Irvington Tow 


n 


11,877 


20,342 


8,465 


1st Ward. . 


5,472 








2d Ward . . 


5,842 








3d Ward . . 


9,028 








Livingston To 


wnship . . 


1.025 


1,202 


177 


Millburn Town 


ship 


3,720 


4,372 


652 


Montclair To\^ 


m 


21,550 


25,029 


3,479 


1st Ward. . . 


4.389 








2d Ward. . 


4.788 








3d Ward. .. 


4.771 








4th Ward. . 


6.151 








5th Ward. . . 


4,930 








Newark City . 




347,469 


366,721 


19,252 


1st Ward. . . 


.' ' " '2V.396 








2d Ward. . 


15.087 








3d Ward . . . 


. 34.630 








4th Ward. . . 


. 10.163 








5th Ward. . . 


. 19,559 








6th Ward . . . 


. 18,613 








7th Ward . . . 


. 16,021 








8th Ward . . . 


24,966 








9th Ward. . . 


25,381 








10th Ward . . 


. 18,399 








11th Ward. . 


. 17.225 








12th Ward. . 


22.503 








13th Ward. . 


. 33,789 








14th Ward. . 


. 36,781 








15th Ward. . 


15.327 








16th Ward-. . 


. 30.887 








North Caldwel 


I Borough, 


595 


664 


69 


Nutley Town . 




6,009 


7,987 


1,978 


1st Ward. . . 


■. ■ ■ ■ 2.874 








2d Ward . . . 


2.503 






^ 


3d Ward. . . 


2.610 









STATE CENSUS. 



139 



Orange City 

1st Ward . , 

2d Ward. . 

3d Ward. 

4th Ward . . 

5th Ward . . 
Roseland Borough 
South Orange Township, 
South Orange Village. . . 

Verona Borough 

West Caldwell Borough. 
West Orange Town .... 



7,434 
4,312 
7,378 
6,526 
4,155 



1st Ward 
2d Ward 
3d Ward 
4th Ward 
5th Ward 
Net increase, 
53,438. 



2,014 
3,368 

2,817 
2,535 
2,876 







In- 


De- 


1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


29,630 


29,805 


175 





486 
2.979 
6,014 
1,675 

494 
10,980 



593 
4,676 
5,866 
2,643 

690 
13,610 



107 
1,697 

'"968 

196 

2,630 



148 



512,886 566,324 53,586 



148 



GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

Clayton Borough 1,926 1,729 197 

Deptford Township . . . 2,524 1,800 724 

East Greenwich Town- 
ship 1,406 1,614 208 

Elk Township 1,022 1,042 20 

Franklin Township 2,603 3,008 405 

Glassboro Township . . . 2,821 3,030 209 .... 

Greenwich Township . . 874 1,155 281 .... 

Harrison Township , . . 1,682 1,793 111 

Logan Township 1,523 1,521 2 

Mantua Township 1,529 1,849 320 .... 

Monroe Township 3,015 3,490 475 

National Park Borough, 325 529 204 

Paujshoro Borough .... 2,121 2,876 755 

Pitman Borough 1,950 2,577 627 

South Harrison Town- 
ship 694 687 7 

Swedesboro Borough . . 1,477 1.738 261 

Washington Township .. 1,396 1,626 230 

Wenonah Borough 645 821 176 

West Deptford Town- 
ship 2,057 1,728 329 

Westville Borough* 2,036 2,036 

Woodbury City 4,642 5,288 646 

1st Ward 1,089 

2d Ward 2,463 

3d Ward 1,736 

Woodbury Heights Bor- 

ought 339 339 

Woolwich Township ... 1,136 1,311 175 

Net increase, — — 

6,219. .37,368 43,587 7,478 1,259 

* Set off fiom Townships of Deptford and West Deptford. 

t Set off from Deptford Township. 



140 



STATE CENSUS. 



HUDSON COUNTY. 



Bayonne City 

East Newark Borough 
Guttenberg Town 
Harrison Town . . 
Hoboken City 
Jersey City 

1st Ward. . 

2d Ward. . 

3d Ward.. 

4th Ward. . 

5th Ward. . 

6th Ward. . 

7th Ward . . 

8th Ward . . 

9th Ward. . 

10th Ward. 

11th Ward. 

12th Ward. 

Kearney Town 

North Bergen Township, 

Secaucus Borough 

Union Town 

Weehawken Township . . 
West Hoboken Town . . . 
West New York Town. . 

Net increase, 
34,140. 



15.776 
19.600 
17,578 
13,319 
17,501 
16,900 
32,179 
33,512 
24,100 
24.247 
28,059 
28,132 



1910. 

55,545 

3.163 

5.647 

14.498 

70.324 

267,779 



18,659 
15,662 
4,740 
21,023 
11,228 
35,403 
13,560 



1915. 

64.461 

2,873 

6,322 

14.520 

67,611 

270,903 



22,150 
20,679 
4,906 
21,739 
13,488 
38,776 
22,943 



In- 
crease. 
8,916 



3,124 



3,491 
5,017 
166 
716 
2,260 
3,373 
9,383 



De- 
crease. 

'290 



2,713 



537,231 571,371 37,143 



3,003 



HUNTERDON COUNTY. 



Alexandria Township 

Bethlehem Township 

Bloomsbury Borough 

Clinton Township . . 

Town of Clinton . . . 

Delaware Township 

East Amwell Township 

Flemington Borough* . 

Franklin Township . . . 

Frenchtown Borough . 

Hampton Borough .... 

High Bridge Borough . 

Holland Township . . . 

Kingwood Township . 

Lambertville City .... 

1st Ward 1,400 

2d Ward 1,162 

3d Ward 2,038 

Lebanon Township . . . . 

Milford Borought 

Raritan Township . . . . 

Readington Township .. 



1.045 
980 
600 

2,108 
836 

1,740 

±203 

1,099 
984 
914 
1,545 
1,699 
1.265 
4,657 



2,179 

4,663 
2,569 



1,093 



2,211 

687 

1,896 

2,648 



48 



630 30 

2,157 49 

841 5 

1,941 201 

1,251 48 

2,635 2.635 

1,141 42 

983 

843 

1,700 155 

975 

1,241 

4,600 



32 

687 



79 



1 
71 

724 
24 
57 



2,107 



* Set off from Raritan Township. 
t Set off from Holland Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



141 









In- 


De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


Stockton Borough 


605 


613 


8 




Tewksbirry Township . . 


1,742 


1,734 




8 


Union Township 


930 


1,054 


124 




West Amwell Township, 


866 


848 




18 


Net increase, 
1,128. 










33,569 


34,697 


4,011 


3,015 



MERCER COUNTY. 



East Windsor Township, 941 


839 




Ewing Township .... 


1.889 


3,261 


1,372 


Hamilton Township . 


7,899 


11,143 


3,244 


Hopewell Borough . . 


1,073 


1,341 


268 


Hopewell Township . 


3,171 


3,430 


259 


Hightstown Borough 


1,879 


2,592 


713 


Lawrence Townsuip . 


2,522 


3,339 


817 


Pennington Borough . 


^22 


944 


099 


Princeton Borough . . 


5,136 


5,678 


542 


Princeton Township . 


1.178 


1,414 


236 


Trenton City 


96,815 


103,190 


6.375 


1st Ward 4,9] 


L7 




2d Ward 4,9- 


to 






3d Ward 5,4r 


53 






4th Ward 9.95 


i9 






5th Ward 10,7f 


B6 






6th Ward 3,7J 


\2 






7th Ward 4,4- 


19 






8th Ward 7,0^ 


[0 






9th Ward 8,1^ 


10 






10th Ward . . . 9.6f 


54 






11th Ward... 14,3' 


J2 






12th Ward... 7,4f 


)1 






13th Ward... 7,51 


13 






14th Ward... 4.S( 


)4 






Washington Township 


1,090 


1,215 


125 


West Windsor Tow 


n- 






ship 


1,342 


1,426 


84 


Net increase. 










14,155. 


125,657 


139.812 


14.257 


MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 




Cranbury Township . 


1,424 


1,533 


109 


Dunellen Borough . . . 


. . 1,990 


2,877 


887 


East Brunswick Tow 


n- 






ship 


1,602 


1,865 


263 


Helmetta Borough .. . 


661 


767 


106 


Highland Park Boroug 


h, 1,517 


2,901 


1,384 


Jamesburg Borough . 
Madison Township . . 


2,075 


1.865 




1,621 


2.123 


■■"562 


Metuchen Borough . . 


2,138 


2,692 


554 


Middlesex Borough* . 




1.310 


1,310 


Milltown Borough . . . 


." .' ' 1,584 


1,902 


318 


Monroe Township .. . 


1,723 


2,581 


858 


New Baiinswick 


. . 23,388 


30,019 


6,631 



lOS 



10- 



210 



* Set off from Piscataway Township. 



142 



STATE CENSUS. 



North Brunswick Town- 
ship 

Perth Amboy City .... 

Piscataway Township . . 

Raritan Township 

Roosevelt Borough .... 

Sayreville Township . . . 

South Amboy 

South .Brunswick Town- 
ship 

South River Borough. . 

Spottswood Borough . . . 

Woodbridge Township.. 
Net increase. 
30.290. 



1910. 

990 

32,121 

3,523 

2,707 
5,786 
5,783 
7,007 

2.443 

4,772 
623 

8,948 



1915. 

1,247 
39,719 
3,624 
3,412 
8,049 
6,312 
7,482 

2,929 

6,691 

683 

12.133 



In- 
crease. 

257 
7,598 
101 
705 
2,263 
529 
475 

486 

1,919 

60 

3,185 



De- 
crease. 



114,426 144,716 30,710 



210 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

Allenhurst Borough ... 306 203 

Allentown Borough .... 634 642 

Asbury Park City 10,150 10,910 

Atlantic Township 1,205 1,200 

Atlantic Highlands Bor- 
ough 1,645 1.771 

Avon BoTough 426 707 

Belmar Borough 1,433 2,553 

Bradley Beach Borough, 1,807 2,236 

Deal Borough 273 227 

Eatontown Township . . 2,076 2,164 

Englishtown Borough .. 468 605 

Fair Haven Borough* 1,490 

Farmingdale Borough . 416 483 

Freehold Town 3,233 3,622 

Freehold Township 2,329 2,338 

Highlands Borough 1,386 1,759 

Holmdel Township .... 1,058 1,315 

Howell Township 2,703 2,931 

Keyport Borough 3,554 4,019 

Long Branch City 13,298 14,565 

Manalapan Township . . 1,375 1,467 

Manasquan Borough ... 1,582 1,817 

Matawan Borough 1,646 1,771 

Matawan Township . . . 1,472 1,833 
MaTlboro Township . . . 1,754 1,842 
Middletown Township . . 6,653 7,795 
Millstone Township . . . 1,461 1,255 
Monmouth Beach Bor- 
ough 485 652 

Neptune Citv Borough.. 488 614 

Neptune Township 5,551 6,774 

Ocean Township -. 1,377 1,405 

Raritan Township 1,583 1,955 

Red Bank -Borough 7,398 8,631 

Rumson Borough 1,449 1,583 

Sea Bright Borough ... 1,220 1,327 

Shrewsbury Township.. 3,238 2,315 

* Set off from Shrewsbury Township. 



8 




760 






5 


126 




281 




1,120 




429 






46 


88 




137 




1,490 




67 




389 




9 




373 




257 




228 




465 




1,267 




92 




'2-6ti 




125 




361 




88 




1,142 






206 


167 




126 




1,223 




28 




372 




1,233 




134 




107 






923 



STATE CENSUS. 



143 



Spring Lake Borough . . 

Upper Freehold Town- 
ship 

Wall Township 

West Long Branch Bor- 
ough 

Net increase, 
12,902. 



1910. 
853 


1915. 
1,393 


In- 
crease. 
540 


De- 
crease 


2,053 
3,817 


2,064 
4,338 


11 
521 




879 


1,065 


186 





94,7:U 107.636 14.185 



1.2S3 



MORRIS COUNTY. 



Boonton Town 4.930 

Boonton Township .... 428 

Butler Borough 2,265 

Chatham Township .... 812 

Chatham Borough 1,874 

Chester Township .... 1,251 

Denville Township* 

Dover Town 7,468 

Florham Park Borough, 558 

Hanover Township 6.228 

Jefferson Township .... 1,303 

Madison Borough 4,6o8 

Mendham Borough .... 1.129 

Mendham Township . . . 792 

Montville Township . . . 1.944 

Morris Township 3.161 

Morristown Town 12,507 

Mount Arlington Bor- 
ough 277 

Mount Olive Township. 1,160 

Netcong Borough 1,532 

Passaic Township 2,165 

Pequannock Township. . 1,921 

Randolph Township . . . 2,307 

Rockaway Borough .... 1,902 

Rockaway Township .. . 4,835 

Roxbury Township .... 2,414 

Washington Township. . 1,900 

Wharton Borough 2.983 

Net increase, 

6,810. 74.704 



5,207 


277 




527 


99 




2,534 


269 




818 


6 




2,207 


333 




1,357 


106 




1.012 


1.012 




8,971 


1,503 




970 


412 


.... 


8.121 


1,893 




1.186 




117 


5,628 


970 




1,248 


119 




845 


53 




1.719 




225 


3,034 




127 


13,006 


499 




397 


120 




1,084 




76 


1,680 


i48 




2,457 


292 


.... 


2,313 


392 




2,545 


238 




2,224 


322 


.... 


3,264 




1,571 


2,514 


ioo 




2,055 


155 




2,591 




392 


81.514 


9.318 


2,508 



OCEAN COUNTY. 



Barnegat City Borough, 70 

Bay Head Borough.... 281 

Beach Haven Borough. . 272 

Berkelev Township .... 597 

Brick Township 2,177 

Dover Township 2,452 

Eagleswood Township. . 550 

Harvev Cedars Borough, 33 

Island Heights Borough, 313 

Jackson Township 1,325 

* Set off from Rockaway Township. 



492 


211 


434 


Iti'Z 


900 


303 


2.308 


131 


2,676 


224 


525 




47 


14 


368 


55 


1,465 


140 



25 



144 



STATE CENSUS. 



Lacey Township 

Lakewood Township . . . 
Lavalette Borough .... 
Little Egg Harbor 

Township 

Long Beach Township. . 
Manchester Township. . 
Mantoloking Borough* . . 

Ocean Township 

Plumsted Township . . . 
Point Pleasant Beach 

Borough 

Seaside Heights Bor- 

ought 

Seaside Park Borough. . 
Stafford Township .... 
Surf City Borough .... 
Tuckertoh Borough . . . 
Union Township 

Net increase, 
1,693. 



1910. 

602 

5.149 

42 

388 

107 

1,112 

' 397 
1,123 



101 

934 

40 

1,268 

982 



In- 

1915. crease. 

678 76 

4.662 

174 132 

474 86 

105 

998 

50 50 

374 

1,186 63 



1,003 1,204 



'>52 

275 

933 

44 

1,312 

998 



201 



252 
174 



4 

44 
16 



De- 
crease. 



487 



114 



21.318 23,011 



,34.: 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 

Acqu^ackanonk Town- 
ship 11.869 20.822 8,953 .... 

Haledon Borough 2.560 2.890 330 .... 

Hawthorne Borough . . . 3.400 3.999 599 .... 

Little Falls Township.. 3,750 2,928 822 

North Haledon Borough, 749 834 85 .... 

Passaic Citv .\ . 54.773 61.225 6,452 

Patexson Citr 125,600 124,815 785 

1st Ward 13.504 

2d Ward 17,613 

3d Ward 14.028 

4th Ward 17.248 

5th Ward 7,685 

6th Ward 3.438 

7th Ward 7.202 

SthWard 8.029 

9th Ward 12,028 

10th Ward... 11,358 
11th Ward... 12.682 

Pompton Township 4,044 6.068 2,024 

Pomnton Lakes Bor- 
ough 1,060 1.400 340 

Prospect Park Borough, 2,719 3.853 1.134 

Totowa Borough 1.130 1,493 363 

Wavne Township 2.281 2.625 344 .... 

West Milford Township, 1,967 1.877 90 

West Paterson Bor- 

ought 1.535 1.535 

Net increase, 

20,462. 215.002 236.364 22.159 1.607 

* Set off from Brick Township. 

t Set off from Dover and Berkeley Tovsmships. 

i Set off from Little Falls Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



145 



SALEM COUNTY. 



Alloway Township .... 

Elmer Borough 

Elsinboro Township .... 
Lower Alloways Creek 

Township 

Lower P e n n s Neck 

Township 

Mannington Township. . 
Oldmans Township .... 
Pennsgrove Borough . . 
Pilesgrove Township . . 
Pittsgrove Township . . 
Quinton Township .... 

Salem City 

Upper Penns Neck 

Township 

Upper Pittsgrove Town- 

■ship 

Woodstown Borough . . 

Net increase, 
3,29.3. 







In- 


De- 


1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


1,533 


1,500 





33 


1,167 


1,143 




24 


419 


432 


13 





1,252 


1,289 


37 




1,544 


1,605 


61 




1,606 


1,653 


47 




1,364 


1,324 




40 


2,118 


4,412 


2,294 




1,786 


1,763 




23 


2,394 


2,169 




225 


1,091 


999 




92 


6,614 


6,953 


339 




744 


1,559 


815 


.... 


1,754 


1,984 


230 




1,613 


1,507 




ioe 



26,999 30.20: 



3,836 



543 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 



Bedminster Township... 2,375 1,342 1,033 

Bernards Township . . . 4,608 5,057 449 

Bound Brook Borough.. 3.970 5,152 1,182 

Branchburgh To^\-nship, 970 1,034 64 

Bridgewater Township.. 1,742 2,039 297 

Franklin Township* . . . 2.305 3.090 330 

Hillsborough Township, 2,313 3.183 870 

Millstone Borough .... 157 154 3 

Montgomery Township.. 1,637 1,961 324 .... 
North Plainfield Bor- 
ough 6,117 6,037 80 

North Plainfield Town- 
ship . 886 985 99 

P e a p a c k (Gladstone) 

Borought 1.346 1.346 

Raritan Town 3,672 4,028 356 

Rockv Hill Borough 502 470 32 

Somerville Borough . . . 5,060 6.038 978 

South Bound Brook Bor- 
ough 1,024 1,108 84 

Warren Township 1,036 1.099 63 

Net increase, 

5,303. 38,820 44,123 6,451 1,148 

* East Millstone Town, population 1910 of 356 is in- 
cluded in Franklin Township. 

t Set off from Township of Bedminster. 

10 



146 



STATE CENSUS. 



SUSSEX COUNTY. 









In- 


De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


Andover Borough 


884 


479 




405 


Andover Township .... 


521 


504 




17 


Branchville Borough . . 


663 


620 




43 


Byram Township 


1,055 


437 


. . 


618 


Frankford Township .. . 


1,004 


1,096 


92 




Franklin Borough* .... 




3.262 


3.262 




Fredon Township 


■ ■ ■ 457 


448 




■ 9 


Green Township 


888 


504 




384 


Hampton Township .... 


671 


700 


29 




Hardyston Township . . 


5,210 


2.030 




3,180 


Hopatcong Borough . . . 


146 


234 


88 


.... 


Lafayette Township . . . 


683 


687 


4 




Montague Township . . . 


621 


630 


9 


. . . 


Newton Town 


4,467 


4,433 




34 


Ogdensburg Borought . . 




600 


" "600 




Sandyston Township . . 


'"855 


796 




■ 59 


Sparta Township 


1,579 


1,170 




409 


Stanhope Borough .... 


1,031 


1,028 




3 


Stillwater Township .. . 


796 


891 


95 




Sussex Borough 


1,212 


1,251 


39 




Vernon Township 


1,675 


1,604 




" ii 


Walpack Township .... 


286 


304 


18 




Wantage Township .... 


2,077 


2,269 


192 




Net decrease, 














804. 


26,781 


25,977 


4,428 


5,232 


UNION COUNTY. 






Clark Township 


469 


541 


72 




Cranford Township . . . 


3,641 


4,967 


1,326 




Elizabeth City 


73,409 


82,036 


8,627 


.... 


1st Ward 7,764 










2d Ward 6.759 










3d Ward 7,921 










4th Ward 5,658 










5th Ward 6,257 










6th Ward.... 8.108 










7th Ward 8,309 










8th Ward 8,603 










9th Ward 4,427 










10th Ward... 6,394 










11th Ward... 5.764 










12th Ward... 6,077 










Fanwood Borough 


471 


699 


228 




Fanwood Township .... 


1,616 


1,970 


354 






Garwood Borough 


1,118 


1,642 


524 






Hillside Township? 




2.773 


2.773 






Kenilworth Borough . . . 


■ ■ ■ 779 


997 


218 






Linden Borough 


610 


1,150 


540 






Linden Township 


1,988 


3.826 


1,838 






Mountainside Borough. . 


362 


421 


59 




* Set off from Hardystor 


1 Townsh 


ip. 









t Set off from Township of Sparta. 
i Set off from Union Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



147 









In- 


De- 




1910. 


1015. 


creasf. 


croaso. 


New I'rovidence Bar 


- 








ough 


873 


1,132 


259 




New Providence Town 










ship 


526 


847 


321 


.... 


Plainfiekl ('My 


20,550 


24,516 


3,966 




Rah way Citv 


9,337 
2,725 


9,586 


249 




Iloselle P.orough 


3,823 


1,098 




Kosello Park P.oroii(?h . 


3,138 


4,327 


1,189 




Springfield Township . 


1,240 


1,619 


373 




Summit City 


7,500 


9,136 


1,636 


.... 


Union Township 


3,419 


3,167 




252 


Westfield Town 


«,420 


8.147 


■ V,727 


.... 


Net increase, 








- _ 





27,125. 


140,107 


167,322 


27.337 


252 


WARREN COUNTY. 






Allamuchy Township . 


642 


666 


24 




Alpha Borough* 




2,084 


2.084 


.... 


P.elvidere Town 


■ Y,764 


1,823 


59 




Blaicstown Township . 


1,718 


1,447 




"271 


Franklin Township ... 


1 ,585 


1,310 




275 


Frelinghuysen Town shift 


1,074 


788 




286 


Greenwich Township 


904 


1,014 


■ ■ i i 6 


.... 


Hackettstown Town . . 


2,715 


2,976 


261 




Hardwlck Township .. 


405 


369 




■ 36 


Harmony Township 


1,490 


1,465 





25 


Hope Township 


1,119 


1,074 




45 


Independence Township 


867 


1,151 


■ "284 




Knowlton Town.ship . . 


1,556 


1,192 




364 


Lopatcong Township . 


766 


938 


"172 




iVfansfield Township . . 


1.238 


1,217 




"21 


Oxford Township .... 


3,444 


1,975 




1,469 


Pahaquarry Townshifi. 


205 


196 




9 


Phlllipsburg Town . . . 


13,903 


15,430 


' V,r>2<' 




Pohatcong Township 


3,202 


1,634 




1,568 


Washington Borough . 


3,567 


3,250 




317 


Washington Township. 


1,023 


1,078 


.5.5 


.... 


WTilte Townshipt 





1,237 


1,237 


.... 


Net increase, 













1,127. 


43,187 


44,314 


5.813 


4,686 



* Set off from Pohatcong Township, 
t Set off from Oxford Township. 



148 STATE CENSUS. 

Population of Incorporated Places, 1915, 1910, 1900. 



1915. 

Absecon City 870 

Allendale Borough 1,121 

Allenhurst Borough 203 

Allentown Borough 642 

Alpha Borough 2,084 

Alpine Borough 533 

Andover Borough 479 

Angelsea Borough* .... 

Asbury Park City 10,910 

Atlantic City 51,667 

Atlantic Highlands Borough.... 1.771 

Audubon Borough 3,009 

Avalon Borough 323 

Avon Borough 707 

Bamegat City Borough 77 

Bay Head Borough 492 

Bayonne City 64,461 

Beach Haven Borough 434 

Belleville Towti 11 .096 

Belmar 2.553 

Belvidere Town 1,823 

Bergenfield Borough 2.924 

Beverly City 2.450 

Bloomfleld Town 17,306 

Bloomsbury Borough 630 

Bogota Borough 2,341 

Boonton Town 5,207 

Bordentown City 4.095 

Bound Brook Borough 5,152 

Bradley Beach Borough 2,236 

Branchville Borough 620 

Bridgeton City 13,611 

Brigantine City .... 

Burlington City 9,044 

Butler Borough 2,534 

Caldwell Borough 3,409 

Camden Citv 102,215 

Cape May City 2,513 

Cape May Point Borough 170 

Carlstadt Borough 4,137 

Chatham Borough 2,207 

Chester Borouah 1,735 

Chesilhurst Borough 314 

Clayton Borough 1,729 

Cliffside Park Borough 4,778 

Clinton Borough 841 

Closter Borough .... 

Collingswood Borough 6,600 

Cresskill Borough 922 

Deal Borough 227 

Delford Borough 1.244 

Demarest Borough 588 

Dover Town 8,971 

Dumont Borough 2,278 

* Now North Wildwood. 



1910. 


1900. 


781 


530 


937 


694 


306 


165 


634 


695 


■377 


.... 


884 




833 


161 


10,150 


4.148 


46,150 


27,838 


1,645 


1,383 


1,343 


.... 


230 


93 


426 




70 




281 


247 


55,545 


32,722 


272 


239 


9.891 


5.907 


1.433 


902 


1.764 


1,784 


1,991 


729 


2,140 


1.950 


15,070 


9,668 


600 


.... 


1,125 


337 


4,930 


3,901 


4,250 


4,11(> 


3,970 


2,622 


1,807 


982 


663 


526 


14,209 


13,913 


67 


99 


8,336 


7,392 


2,265 




2,236 


1,367 


94,538 


75,935 


2,471 


2,257 


162 


153 


3,807 


2,574 


1,874 


1,361 


1,483 


.... 


246 


283 


1,926 


1,951 


3,394 


968 


836 


816 


1,483 




4,795 


1,633 


550 


486 


273 


70 


1,005 


746 


560 




7,468 


5,938 


1,783 


643 



STATE CENSUS. 



149 



1915. 

Dunellen Borougli 2,877 

East Atlantic City* 20 

East Millstone Town .... 

East Newark Borougli 2,873 

East Orange City 40,961 

East RuttLerford Borough 4,576 

Edgewater Borough 3,150 

Egg Harbor City 2,416 

Elizabeth City 82,036 

Elmer Borough 1,143 

Emerson Borough 906 

Englewood City 11,071 

Englewood Cliffs Borough 532 

Bnglishtown Borough 605 

Essex Fells Borough 538 

Fair Haven Borough 1,490 

Fairview Borough 4,016 

Fanwood Borough 699 

Farmingdale Borough 483 

Fieldsboro Borough 5x0 

Flemington Borough 2,635 

Florham Park Borough 970 

Folsom Borough 266 

Fort Lee Borough 5,288 

Franklin Borough 3,262 

Freehold Town 3,622 

Frenchtown Borough 983 

Garfield Borough 15,455 

Garwood Borough 1,642 

Glen Ridge Borough 4,153 

Glen Rock Borough 1,689 

Gloucester City 10,554 

Guttenberg Town 6,322 

Hackensack Town 15,856 

Hackettstown Town 2,976 

Haddon Heights Borough 2,297 

Haddonfleld Borough 5,077 

Haledon Borough 2,890 

Hammonton Town 5,896 

Hampton Borough 843 

Harrington Park Borough 55] 

Harrison Town 14,520 

Haa'V'ey Cedars Borough 47 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough .... 2,424 

Haworth Borough 733 

Hawthorne Borougli 3,999 

Helmetta Borough 767 

High Bridge Borough 1,700 

Highland Park Borough 2,901 

Highlands Borough 1,759 

Hightstown Borough 2,592 

Hoboken City 67,611 

Hohokus Borough 561 

Hopatcong Borough 234 

Hopewell Borough 1,341 

Irvington Town 2u,342 

Island Heights Borougli 368 

Jamesburg Borough 1,865 

* Name changed from Brigantine City. 



1910. 


1900. 


1,990 


1,239 


67 


99 


356 


447 


3,163 


2,500 


34,371 


21,506 


4,275 


2,640 


2,655 


1,006 


2,180 


1,808 


73,409 


52,130 


1,167 


1,140 


767 




9,924 


6.253 


410 


218 


468 


410 


442 




2,441 


1,663 


471 


399 


416 




480 


459 


'558 


■752 


232 




4,472 




3.233 


2,934 


984 


1,020 


10,213 


3,504 


1,118 




3,260 


1,960 


1,055 


613 


9,462 


6,840 


5,647 


3,825 


14,050 


9,443 


2,715 


2,474 


1,452 


.... 


4,142 


2,776 


2,560 


.... 


5,088 


3,481 


914 


998 


377 




14,498 


10,596 


33 


39 


2,155 


1,255 


588 


. . 


3,400 


2,096 


661 


447 


1,545 


1,377 


1,517 




1,386 


1,228 


1,879 


1,749 


70,324 


59,364 


488 




146 


75 


1,073 


980 


11,877 


5,225 


313 


316 


2,075 


1,063 



150 



STATE CENSUS. 



1915. 

Jersey City 270,903 

Kearney Town 22,150 

Kenilworth Borough 997 

Keyport Borough 4,019 

Lambertville City 4,600 

Laurel Springs Borough 791 

Lavalette Borough 174 

Leonia Borough 2,132 

Linden Borough 1,150 

Linwood Borough 610 

Little Ferry Borough 2,729 

Lodi Borough 6,379 

Long Branch City 14,565 

Longport Borough 143 

Madison Borough. 5,628 

Magnolia Borough 977 

Manasquan Borough 1,817 

Manteloking Borough 50 

Margate City ' 291 

Matawan Borough 1,771 

Maywood Borough 1,309 

Mendham Borough 1,248 

Merchantville Borough 2,242 

Metuchen Borough 2,692 

Middlesex Borough 1,310 

Midland Park Borough . 2,130 

Millstone Borough 154 

Milford Borough 687 

Milltown Borough 1,902 

Millville City 13,307 

Monmouth Beach Borough 652 

Montclair Town 25,029 

Montvale Borough 728 

Moonachie Borouoh 093 

Morristown Town 13,006 

Mountainside Borough 421 

Mount Arlington Borough ' 397 

National Park Borough 529 

Neptune City Borough 614 

Netcong Borough jl,680 

Newark City 366,721 

New Biunswick City 30,019 

New Providence Borough 1,132 

Newton Town 4,433 

North Arlington Borough 1,079 

North Caldwell Borougli 664 

Northfield City 968 

North Haledon Borough 834 

North Plainfield Borough 6,037 

North Wildwood Borough 1,088 

Norwood Borough 680 

Nutley Town 7,987 

Oakland Borough 628 

Oaklyn Borough 793 

Ocean City 3,721 

Ogdensbujg Borough 600 

Old Tappan Borough 323 

Orange City 29,805 

Palisades Park Borough 2,264 

Park Ridge Borough 1,643 



1910. 


1900. 


267,779 


206,443 


18,659 


10,896 


779 




3,554 


3,413 


4,657 


4,637 


42 


21 


1,486 


804 


610 


402 


602 


495 


2,541 


1,240 


4,138 


1,917 


13,298 


8,872 


118 


80 


4,658 


3,754 


1,582 


1,500 


■{29 


■ 69 


1.646 


1,511 


889 


536 


1.129 




1,996 


1,608 


2,138 


1,786 


2,001 


1,348 


157 


200 


1,584 


'sei 


12,451 


10,583 


485 




21,550 


13,962 


522 


416 


638 




12,507 


11,267 


362 


367 


277 


275 


325 




488 


1,009 


1,532 


941 


347,469 


246,070 


23,388 


20,006 


873 


565 


4,467 


4,376 


437 


290 


595 


297 


866 




749 




6,117 


5,009 


833 




564 




6,009 


3,682 


568 




653 




1,950 


1,307 


305 


269 


29,630 


24,141 


1,411 


644 


1,401 


870 



STATE CENSUS. 



151 



1915. 

Passaic City 61,225 

Paterson City 124,815 

Paulsboro Borough 2,876 

Peapack (Gladstone) Borough . , 1,346 

Pemberton Borough 793 

Pennington Borough 944 

Pennsgrove Borough 4,412 

Perth Amboy City 39,719 

Phillipsbuxg Town 15,430 

Pitman Borough 2,577 

Plainfield City 24,516 

Pleasantville City 4,663 

Point Pleasant Beach Borough. . 1,204 

Pompton Lakes Borough 1,400 

Port Republic City 422 

Princeton Borough 5,678 

Prospect Park Borough 3,853 

Rahway City 9,586 

Ramsey Borough 1,973 

Raritan Town 4,028 

Red Bank Borough 8,631 

Ridgefield Borough 1,187 

Riverside Borough 949 

Riverton Borough 2,141 

Rockaway Borough 2,224 

Rocky Hill Borough 470 

Roosevelt Borough 8,049 

Roseland Borough 593 

Roselle Borough 3,823 

Roselle Park Borough 4,327 

Rumson Borough 1,583 

Rutherford Borough 8,347 

Saddle River Borough 555 

Salem City 6,953 

Seabright Borough 1,327 

Sea Isle City 955 

Seaside Heights Borough 252 

Seaside Park Borough 275 

Secaucus Borough 4,906 

Somers Point City 790 

Somerville Borough 6,038 

South Amboy City 7,482 

South Bound Brook Borough.... 1,108 

South Cape May Borough 19 

South Orange Village 5,866 

South River Borough 6,691 

Spottswood Borough 683 

Spring Lake Borough 1,393 

Stanhope Borough 1,028 

Stockton Borough 613 

Stone Hai-bor Borough 459 

Summit City 9,136 

Surf City Borough 44 

Sussex Borough 1,251 

Swedesboro Borough 1.738 

Tenafly Borough 2,999 

Totowa Borough 1,493 

Trenton City 103,190 

Tuckerton Borough 1,312 

Union Town 21,739 



1910. 


1900. 


54,773 


27,777 


.25,600 


105,171 


2,121 




■797 


Hi 


799 


733 


2,118 


1,826 


32,121 


17,699 


13,903 


10,052 


1,950 




20,550 


15,369 


4,390 


2,182 


1,003 


<46 


1,060 


847 


405 




5,136 


3,899 


2,719 




9,337 


7,935 


1,667 


.... 


3,672 


3,244 


7,398 


5,428 


96G 


584 


736 


561 


1,788 


1,332 


1,902 


1,483 


502 


354 


5,786 




486 




2,725 


1,652 


3,138 




1,449 




7,045 


4,411 


483 


415 


6,614 


5,811 


1,220 


1,198 


551 


340 


101 


73 


4,740 


1,626 


604 


308 


5,060 


4,843 


7,007 


6,349 


1,024 


883 


7 


14 


6,014 


4,608 


4,772 


2,792 


623 




853 


526 


1,031 




605 


590 


7,566 


5,362 


40 


9 


1,212 


1,306 


1,477 




2,756 


1,746 


1,130 


562 


96,815 


73,307 


1.268 




21,023 


15,187 



152 



STATE CENSUS. 



1915. 

Upper Saddle River Boi'oixach .... 3fi4 

Ventnor City 1,676 

Verona Borough 2,643 

Vinelaud Borough 6,531 

Wallington Borough 4,071 

Washington Borough 3,250 

Wenonah Borough 821 

West Caldwell Borough 690 

West Cape May Borough 1,068 

Westfiold Town 8,147 

West Hoboken Town 38,776 

West Long Bxanch Borough .... 1.065 

West New York Town 22.943 

West Orange Town 13,610 

West Paterson Borough 1,535 

Westvillo Borough 2,036 

We.stwood Borough 2,217 

Wharton Borough 2,591 

Wildwood City* 3,858 

Wildwood Crest Borough 317 

Woodbine Borough 1,869 

Woodbury City 5,288 

Woodbury Heights Borough 339 

Woodcliff Lake Borough 522 

Wood Rldgo Borougli 1.500 

Woodlyne Borough 878 

Woodstown Borough 1,507 



1910. 


1900. 


273 


326 


491 




1,675 




5,282 


4.370 


3,448 


1,812 


3,567 


3,580 


645 


498 


494 




844 


696 


6,420 




35,403 


23,094 


879 




13,560 


5,267 


10,980 


6,889 


1,876 


"828 


2,983 


2,069 


898 


150 


103 




2,399 




4,642 


4,087 


"470 


329 


1,043 


582 


500 




1,613 


1,371 



* Wildwood City was formerly 
Holly Beach Borough. 



Wildwood Borough and 



STATE CENSUS. 



153 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES, 
SINCE 1790. 

1790. 1800. 1810. 1820. 1830. 1840. 

Atlantic 8726 

Bergen 12601 15156 16603 18178 22414 13190 

Burlington 18095 21521 24979 28822 31107 32809 

Camden 

Cape May 2571 3066 3632 4265 4945 5324 

Cumberland 8248 9529 12670 12668 14091 14322 

Essex 17785 22269 25894 30793 41928 44512 

Gloucester 13363 16115 19744 23089 28431 25509 

Hudson 9451 

Hunterdon 20253 21261 24553 28604 31066 24661 

Mercer 21498 

Middlesex 15956 17890 20381 21470 23157 21873 

Monmouth 16918 19872 22150 25038 29233 32912 

Morris 16216 17750 21828 21368 23580 25777 

Ocean 

Passaic 16704 

Salem 10437 11371 12761 14022 14155 16012 

Somerset 12296 12815 14728 16506 17689 17457 

Sussex 19500 22534 25549 82752 20349 27773 

Union 

Warren 18634 20342 

Total 184239 211149 245562 277575 320779 372859 

1850. 1860. 1870. 1880. 1890. 1900. 1905. 

Atlantic 8964 11835 14163 18704 28836 46402 59862 

Bergen 14708 21618 31033 36786 47226 78441 100003 

Burlington ... 43204 49370 53774 55402 58528 58241 62042 

Camden 25569 34457 46206 62942 87687 107643 121555 

Cape May 6432 7130 8529 9768 11268 13201 17390 

Cumberland .. 17003 22605 34688 37687 45438 51193 52110 

Essex 73995 98875 143907 189929 256698 359053 409928 

Gloucester ... 14653 18444 21727 25886 28649 31905 34477 

Hudson 21874 62717 129288 187994 275126 386048 449879 

Hunterdon ... 29064 33654 36961 38570 35355 34507 33258 

Mercer 27991 37411 46470 58061 79978 95365 110516 

Middlesex ... 28671 34810 45057 52286 61764 79762 97036 

Monmouth ... 30234 39345 46316 55538 69128 82057 87319 

Morris 30173 34679 43161 E0861 54101 65156 67934 

Ocean 10043 11176 12658 14455 15974 19747 20880 

Passaic 22577 29013 464«8 68860 105046 155202 175858 

Salem 19500 22458 23951 24579 25151 25530 26278 

Somerset 19668 22057 23514 27162 28311 32948 36270 

Sussex 22990 23845 23168 23539 22259 24134 23325 

Union 27780 41891 55571 72467 99353 117211 

Warren 22390 28834 34419 36589 36553 37781 40403 

Total 489703 672073 907149 1131116 1444933 1883669 2144134 



For 1910 population see next page. 



154 STATE CENSUS. 



Population by Counties, Since 1890. 

1910. 

Atlantic 71,894 

Bergen 138,002 

Burlington 66.565 

Camden 142,029 

Cape May 19,745 

Cumberland 55,153 

Essex 512,886 

Gloucester 37,368 

Hudson 537,231 

Hunterdon 33,569 

Mercer 125.657 

Middlesex 114.426 

Monmouth 94.734 

Morris 74,704 

Ocean 21,318 

Passaic 215,902 

Salem 26,999 

Somerset 38,820 

Sussex 26,781 

Union 140,197 

Warren 43,187 

The State 2,537,167 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, POPULATION BY COUNTIES. 



1900. 


1890. 


46,402 


28,836 


78,441 


47,226 


58,241 


58,528 


107,643 


87,687 


13,201 


11.268 


51,193 


45,438 


359,053 


256,098 


31,905 


28,649 


386.048 


275,126 


34,507 


35.355 


95,365 


79,978 


79,762 


61,754 


82,057 


69,128 


65,156 


54,101 


19,747 


15,974 


155,202 


105,046 


25,530 


25,151 


32,948 


28.311 


24.134 


22,259 


99.353 


72,467 


37,781 


36,553 


1,883,669 


1,444,933 









In- De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


Atlantic 


71,894 


82.840 


10,946 


Bergen 


138.002 


178.596 


40,594 


Burlington . . . . 


66,565 


74,737 


8,172 


Camden 


142,029 


163.221 


21,192 


Cape May . . . . 


19,745 


24.407 


4,662 


Cumberland . . 


55.153 


59.481 


4,328 


Essex 


512.886 


566.324 


53,438 


Gloucester . . . . 


37,368 


43,587 


6.219 


Hudson 


537.231 


571.371 


34,140 


Hunterdon . . . 


33.569 


34.697 


1,128 


Mercor 


125,657 


139,812 


14,155 


Middlesex 


114,426 


144.716 


30,290 


Monmouth . . . . 


94.734 


107,636 


12,902 


Morris . . 


74 704 


81,514 
23,011 


6,810 


Ocean 


21,318 


1,693 


Passaic 


215.902 


236,364 


20,462 


Salem 


26.999 


30,292 


3,293 


Somerset 


38.820 


44,123 


5,303 


Sussex 


26,781 


25,977 


804 




140.197 


167.322 
44,314 


27,125 


Warren ...... 


43,187 


1,127 




2,537,167 


2,844,342 


307,175 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 155 

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES— 1910. 

STATES. 1910. 1900. Increase. P.C. 
The U. S. (exclusiTe of 

Philippines) 93,402.151 77,256,630 16,145,521 20.9 

CJontlnental D. S 91.972,266 75,994,575 15,977,691 21.0 

Alabama 2,138,093 1,828 697 309,396 16.9 

Arizona 204,354 122.931 81.423 66.2 

Arkansas 1.574,449 1,311,564 262,885 20.0 

California 2,377.549 1,485,053 892,496 60.1 

Colorado 799,024 539,700 259,324 48.0 

Connecticut 1,114,750 908,420 206,336 22.7 

Delaware 202,322 184,735 17,587 9.5 

District of Columbia 331,069 278,718 52,351 18.8 

Florida 751,139 528,542 222,597 42.4 

Georgia 2,609,121 2,216,331 892,790 17.7 

Idaho 325,594 161,772 163,822 101.3 

Illinois 5,638,591 4,821,550 817,041 16.9 

Indiana 2.700,876 2,516,462 184,414 7.3 

Iowa 2,224,771 2,231,853 '7,082 'CS 

Kansas 1.690,949 1,470,495 220.454 18.0 

Kentucky 2,289.905 2.147,174 142,731 6.6 

Louisiana 1,656.388 1.381,625 274.763 19.9 

Maine 742.371 694,466 47,905 6.9 

Maryland 1,295.346 1,188,044 106.356 9.0 

Massachusetts 3,366.416 2.805.346 561,070 20.0 

Michigan 2,810,173 2,420.982 389,191 16.1 

Minnesota 2,075,708 1,751,.S94 324,314 18.5 

Mississippi 1,797.114 1,551,270 245.844 16.0 

Missouri 3,293,335 8,106,665 186,670 6.0 

Montana 376.053 243.329 132,724 54.5 

Nebraska 1.192,214 1,066,300 125.914 11.8 

Nevada 81,875 42,335 39,540 93.4 

New Hampshire 430.572 411,588 18,984 4.6 

New Jersey 2,537,179 1,883,669 653.510 34.7 

New Mexico 327,301 195.310 131,991 67.5 

New York 9.113,279 7,268,894 1,844,385 25.4 

North Carolina .- 2,206,287 1,893,810 3,124.477 16.5 

North Dakota ."577,056 319.146 257.910 80.8 

Ohio 4,767,121 4,157,545 609,576 14.7 

Oklahoma 1,6.57,155 790,391 866.764 109.7 

Oregon 672,765 413,536 2.')9.229 62.7 

Pennsylvania 7,665,111 6,302.115 1,362,996 21.6 

Rhode Island 542,610 428,556 114,054 26.6 

South Carolina 1,515,400 1,340,316 17.5,084 13.1 

South Dakota 583,888 401, .570 182,318 45.4 

Tennessee 2,184,789 2.020,616 164,173 8.1 

Texas 3,896,542 3,048,710 847,832 27.8 

Utah 373,3!51 276,749 96,602 84,9 

Vermont 355,956 343,641 12,315 3.6 

Virginia 2,061,612 1,854,184 207,428 11.2 

Washington 1,141,990 518,103 623,887 120.4 

West Virginia 1,221,119 958,800 262,319 27.4 

Wisconsin 2,333,860 2,069,042 264.818 12.7 

Wyoming 154.145 92,.531 61,614 67.7 

Alaska 64,856 63,692 

Hawaii 191,909 154,001 37,908 .... 

Porto Rico 1,118,012 953.243 

Military and Naval 91,219 

• Decrease. 



156 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



CITIES OF OVEE 100,000 POPITIATION. 

Population. P. O. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. increase. 

Albany, N. Y 100,253 94,151 6.6 

Atlanta, Ga 154,839 89,872 72.3 

Baltimore, Md 558,485 508,957 9.7 

Birmingham, Ala 132,685 38,415 245.4 

Boston, Mass 670,585 560.892 19.6 

Bridgeport, Conn 102,054 70,996 43.7 

Buffalo, N. Y 423,715 352,387 20.2 

Cambridge, Mass 104,839 91,886 14.1 

Chicago, 111 2,185,283 1,698.575 28.7 

Cincinnati, Ohio 364,463 325,902 11.8 

Cleveland, Ohio 560,663 381,768 46.9 

Columbus, Ohio 181,548 125,560 44.6 

Dayton, Ohio 116,577 85.333 36.6 

Denver, Col 213,381 133,859 59.4 

Detroit, Mich 465,766 285,704 63.0 

Fall River, Mass 119,295 104.863 13.8 

Grand Rapids, Mich 112,571 87,565 28.8 

Indianapolis, Ind 233,650 169,164 38.1 

Jersey City, N. J 267,779 206,433 29.7 

Kansas City, Mo 248,381 163,752 51.7 

Los Angeles, Cal 319,198 102,479 211.5 

Louisville. Ky 223,928 204.731 9.4 

Lowell, Mass 106,294 94.969 11.9 

Memphis, Tenn 131,105 102,320 28.1 

Milwaukee. Wis 373.857 285,315 31.0 

Minneapolis. Minn 301,408 202.718 48.7 

Nashville. Tenn 110,364 80,865 36.5 

Newark. N. J 347,469 246,070 41.2 

New Haven, Conn 133,605 108,027 23.7 

New Orleans, La 339,075 287,104 18.1 

New York, N. Y 4.766.883 3,437.202 38.7 

Oakland, Cal 150,174 66.960 124.3 

Omaha, Neb 124.096 102.555 21.0 

Paterson. N. J 125,600 105, J71 lO-* 

Philadelphia. Penn 1,549,008 1,293,697 19.7 

Pittsburg, Penn 533,905 451.512 18.2 

Portland. Ore 150,174 90,426 66.7 

Providence, R. 1 224,326 175.597 27.8 

Richmond. Va 127,628 85,050 50.1 

Rochester, N. Y 218.149 162,608 34.2 

St. Louis, Mo 687,029 575,238 19.4 

St. Paul, Minn 214.744 163.065 31.7 

San Francisco, Cal 416,912 342,782 21.6 

Scranton, Penn 129,867 102.026 27.3 

Seattle, Wash 237,194 80.671 194.0 

Spokane, Wash 104,402 36,848 183.3 

Syracuse, N. Y 137.249 108.374 26.6 

Toledo, Ohio 168,497 131,822 27.8 

Washington. D. C 331,069 278,718 18.8 

Worcester, Mass 145,986 118,421 23.3 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 157 



CITIES OF FROM 26,000 TO 100,000 FOPTILATION. 

Population. P. C. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. increase. 

Akron, Ohio 69,067 42,728 61.8 

AUentown, Pa 51,913 35,418 46.6 

Altoona, Pa 52,127 38,973 33.8 

Amsterdam, N. Y 31,267 20,929 49.4 

Atlantic City, N. J 46,150 27,838 65.8 

Auburn, N. Y 34,668 30,345 14.2 

Augusta, Ga 41,040 39,441 4.1 

Aurora, 111 29,807 24.147 23.4 

Austin, Tex 29,860 22,258 34.2 

Battle Creek, Mich 25,267 18.563 36.1 

Bay City, Mich 45,166 27,628 63.5 

Bayonne, N. J 55,545 32,722 69.7 

Berkeley, Cal 40,434 13,214 206.0 

Binghamton, N. Y 48,443 39,647 22.2 

Bloomington, 111 25,768 23,286 10.7 

Brockton, Mass 56,878 40,063 42.0 

Brookline, Mass 27,792 19.935 39.4 

Butte, Mont 39.165 " 30,470 28.5 

Camden, N. J 94,538 75,935 24.5 

Canton, Ohio 50,217 30,667 63.7 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 32.811 25,656 27.9 

Charleston, S. C 58.833 55.807 5.4 

Charlotte, N. C 34,014 18,091 88.0 

Chattanooga, Tenn 44,604 30,154 47.9 

Chelsea, Mass 32,452 34,072 M.S 

Chester, Pa 38.537 33.988 13.4 

Chicopee, Mass 25,401 19,167 32.5 

Clinton, Iowa 25,577 22,698 12.7 

Colorado Springs, Col 29,078 21.085 37.9 

Columbia. S. C 26.319 21.108 24.7 

Council Blufifs. Iowa 29,292 25,802 13.5 

Covington. Ky 53,270 42.938 24.1 

Dallas, Tex 92,104 42,638 116.0 

Danville, 111 27,871 16,354 70.4 

Davenport, Iowa 43,028 35.254 22.1 

Decatur, 111 31.140 20.754 50.0 

Des Moines, Iowa 86,368 62,139 39.0 

Dubuque. Iowa 38.494 36.297 6.1 

Duluth. Minn 78.466 52.969 48.1 

Easton. Pa 28.523 25.238 13.0 

East Orange. N. J 34.371 21,506 59.8 

East St. Louis, 111 58.547 29.655 97.4 

Elgin. Ill 25.976 22,433 15.8 

Elizabeth. N. J 73,409 52,130 40.8 

Elmlra. N. Y 37,176 35.672 4.2 

El Paso. Tex 39.279 15,906 146.9 

Erie Pa 66,525 52,733 26.2 

Evansville, Ind 69,647 59,007 18.0 

Everett, Mass 33.484 24.336 37.6 

Fitchburg, Mass 37,826 31.631 20.0 

Flint, Mich 38.550 13.103 194.2 

Fort Wayne. Ind 63,933 45,115 41.7 

Fort Worth, Tex 73.312 26.688 174.7 

Galveston, Tex 36,981 37.789 •2.1 

Green Bay, Wis 25.236 18.684 35.1 

Hamilton. Ohio 35,279 23,914 47.6 

Harrlsburg. Pa 64,186 60,167 27.9 

• Decrease. 



158 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



Population 

Cities, 1910. 

Hartford, Conn 98,915 

HaverhiU, Mass 44,115 

Hazleton, Pa 25,452 

Hoboken, N. J 70,324 

Holyoke, Mass 57,730 

Houston, Tex 78,800 

Huntington, W. Va 31,161 

Jackson, Mich 31,433 

Jacksonville, Fla 57,699 

Jamestown, N. Y 31,297 

Johnstown, Pa 55,482 

Jollet, 111 34,670 

Joplln, Mo 32,073 

Kalamazoo, Mich 39,437 

Kansas City, Kan 82,331 

Kingston, N. Y 25.908 

Knoxvllle, Tenn 36,346 

La Crosse, Wis 30,417 

Lancaster, Pa 47,227 

Lansing, Mich 31,229 

Lawrence, Mass 85,892 

Lewiston, Me 26,247 

Lexington. Ky 35,099 

Lima, Ohio 30,508 

Lincoln. Neb 43,973 

Little Rock. Ark 45,941 

Lorain, Ohio 28,833 

Lynchburg, Va 29.494 

Lynn. Mass 89.336 

Macon, Ga 40,665 

McKeesport, Pa 42.694 

Madison. Wis 25,531 

Maiden. Mass 44.404 

Manchester. N. H 70.063 

Meriden, Conn 27,265 

Mobile, Ala 51,521 

Montgomery, Ala 88.136 

Mount Vernon. N. Y 30.919 

Muskogee. Okla 25.278 

Nashua, N. H 26,005 

Newark. Ohio 25.404 

New Bedford, Mass 96,652 

New Britain. Conn 43.916 

Newburgh, N. Y 27,805 

Newcastle, Pa 36,280 

Newport, Ky 30,309 

Newport. R. 1 27.149 

New Rocbelle. N. Y 28,867 

Newton. Mass 39.806 

Niagara Falls, N. Y 30.445 

Norfolk, Va 67.452 

Norristown. Pa. *. 27.875 

Oklahoma City, Okla 64.205 

Orange, N. J 29,630 

Oshkosh. Wis 33,062 

Pasadena, Cal 30,291 

Passaic. N. J 54.773 

Pawtucket. R. 1 51.622 

Peoria, HI 68.950 

Pertb Amboy, N. J 32,121 

PIttsfleld. Mass 82,121 



Ion. 


P. 0. of 


1900. increase. 


79,850 


23.9 


37,175 


18.7 


14,230 


78.9 


59,364 


18.5 


45,712 


26.3 


44,633 


76.6 


11,923 


161.4 


25.180 


24.8 


28,429 


103.0 


22,892 


36.7 


35,936 


54.4 


29,353 


18.1 


26.023 


23.2 


24.404 


61.6 


51,418 


60.1 


24,535 


5.6 


32.637 


11.4 


28.895 


5.3 


41,459 


13.9 


16,485 


89.4 


62,559 


37.3 


23.761 


10.5 


26.369 


33.1 


21.723 


40.4 


40,169 


9.5 


38,307 


19.9 


16.028 


80.2 


18.891 


56.1 


68,513 


30.4 


23,272 


74.7 


34,227 


24.7 


19.164 


33.2 


33.664 


31.9 


56,987 


22.9 


24.296 


12.2 


38,496 


33.9 


30,346 


25.7 


21,228 


45.7 


4,254 


494.2 


23,898 


8.8 


18,157 


39.9 


62.442 


54.8 


25.998 


68.9 


24.943 


11.5 


28.339 


28.0 


28,301 


7.1 


22.441 


21.0 


14.720 


96.1 


33,5^7 


18.5 


19,457 


66.5 


46,624 


44.7 


22.265 


25.2 


10.037 


639.7 


24.141 


22.7 


28.284 


16.9 


9,117 


232.2 


27,777 


97.2 


39,231 


31.6 


56,100 


19.3 


17,699 


81.5 


21,766 


47.6 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. l59 

Popnlatlon. P. O. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. increase. 

Portland, Me 58,571 50,145 16.8 

Portsmouth, Va 83,190 17,427 90.5 

Ponghkeepsle, N, Y 27,936 24,029 16.3 

Pueblo, Col 44,395 28,157 57.7 

Quincy, 111 36,587 36,252 0.9 

Quincy, Mass 32,642 23,899 36.6 

Racine, Wis 38,002 29,102 30.6 

Reading, Pa 96,071 78,981 21.7 

Roanoke, Va 34,874 21,495 62.2 

Rockford, 111 45,401 31,051 46.2 

Sacramento, Cal 44,696 29,282 52,6 

Saginaw, Mich 50,510 42,345 19.3 

St. Joseph, Mo 77,403 102,979 •24.8 

Salem, Mass 43,697 35,956 21.5 

Salt Lake City. Utah 92,777 53,531 73.3 

San Antonio, Tex 96,614 53,321 81.2 

San Diego, Cal 39,578 17,700 1^3.8 

San Jose, Cal 28,946 21,500 34.6 

Savannah, Ga 65,064 54,244 19.9 

Schenectady, N. Y 72,826 31,682 129.9 

Sheboygan, Wis 26,398 22,962 15.0 

Shenandoah, Pa 25,774 20,321 26.8 

Shreveport, La 28,015 16,013 75.0 

Sioux City, Iowa 47,828 33,111 44.4 

SomervlUe, Mass 77,236 61,643 25.3 

South Bend, Ind 53.684 35,999 49.1 

South Omaha. Neb 26.259 28,001 1.0 

Springfield, 111 51,678 34,159 61.3 

Springfield, Mass 88,926 62,059 43.3 

Springfield, Mo 35,201 23,267 61.3 

Springfield, Ohio 46.921 38.253 22.7 

Stamford. Conn 25. 138 15.997 67.1 

Superior, Wis , 40,384 31,091 29.9 

Tacoma, Wash 83,743 37,714 12%0 

Tampa, Fla 37,782 15,839 13?.5 

Taunton, Mass 34,259 31,036 10.4 

Terre Haute, Ind 58,157 36,673 62.6 

Topeka, Kan 43.684 33,608 30.0 

Trenton. N. J 96.815 73,307 32.1 

Troy, N. Y 76,813 60,651 26.0 

Utica, N. Y 74,419 56,383 32.0 

Waco, Tex 26,425 20,686 27.7 

Waltham, Mass 27,834 23,481 18.6 

Warwick, R. 1 26.629 21,316 24.9 

Waterbury, Conn 73.141 45,859 69.5 

Waterloo. Iowa 26,693 12,580 112.2 

Watertown, N. Y 26,730 21,696 23.2 

West Hoboken, N. J 35,403 23,094 63.3 

Wheeling, W. Va 41.641 38.878 7.1 

Wichita. Kan 52.450 24,671 112.6 

WIlkes-Barre, Pa 67,105 51,721 29.7 

Wllllamsport, Pa 31,860 28,757 ID.S 

Wilmington, Del 87,411 76,608 14.S 

Wilmington, N. C 25,748 20,976 22.7 

Woonsocket, R. 1 38,125 28,204 38.7 

Yonkers. N. Y 79.803 47,931 66.5 

York, Pa 44,750 33,708 32.8 

Youngstown, Ohio 79,066 44,885 76.2 

ZanesTllle, Ohio 28,026 23,638 It.l 

* Decr«aM. 



160 STATE COMMITTEES. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



Headquarters, Trenton. 

Chairman, Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah ; Vice-CUair- 
man, Eugene F. Kinkead, Jersey City ; Treasurer. Dennis 
F. Collins, Elizabeth ; Secretary, William L. Dill, Paterson ; 
Assistant Secretary, Laurant J. Tonnelle, Jersey City. 

Atlantic — John T. French, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Dan Fellows Piatt, Englewood. 

Burlington — Richard P. Hughes, Florence. 

Camden — Joseph E. Nowrey, Camden. 

Cape May — Haxry C. Wheaton, Anglesea. 

Cumberland — George Hampton, Bridgeton. 

Essex — James R. Nugent, Newark. 

Gloucester — Edward E. Grosscup, w'enonah. 

Hudson — Eugene F. Kinkead, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — George F. Martens, New Germ-antown. 

Mercer — Joseph S. Hofif, Princeton. 

Middlesex — Thomas J. Scully, South Amboy. 

Monmouth — Charles F. McDonald, Englishtown. 

Morris — Willard W. Cutler, Morristown. 

Ocean — Alexander .1. Dunn, Lakewood. 

Passaic — Andrew F. McBridp. Patersou. 

Salem — J. Warren Davis, Pedricktown. 

Somerset — Jacob Shurts. Somerville. 

Sussex — Lewis S. Iliff, Newton. 

Union — Dennis F. Collins, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Johnston Cornish, Washington. 

Executive Committee — Thomas J. Scully. James R. 
Nugent. J. Warxen Davis. Charles F. MacDonald, Johnston 
Cornish, Alexander J. Dunn, Jacob Shurts. 

REPUBLICAN. 

Headquarters, Trenton. 

Chairman. Newton A. K. Bugbee. Trenton : Vice-Chair- 
man, Edmund W. Wakelee, Demarest: Treasurer, Benedict 
Prieth, Newark; Secretary, John I. Blair Reiley, Phillips- 
burg. 

Atlantic — Albert H. Darnell, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Edmund W. Wakelee, Demarest. 

Burlington — Henry P. Thorn, Medford. 

Camden — David Baird. Camden. 

Cape May — Charles P. Vanaman, Dias Creek. 

Cumberland — Edward C. Stokes, Mlllville. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 161 

Essex — Henry M, Doremus, Newark. 

Gloucester — William H. Albright, Woodbury. 

Hudson — George W. Decker, jersey City. 

Hunterdon — Ellsworth P. Baylor, Hampton. 

Mercer — Newton A. K. Bugbee, Trenton. 

Middlesex — Alfred S. March, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth — C. Asa Francis, Long Branch. 

Morris — Daniel S. Voorhees. Morristown. 

Ocean — W. Scott Jackson, Toms River. 

Passaic — George F. Wright, Paterson. 

Salem — D. Harris Smith, Salem. 

Somerset — Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, Somerville. 

Sussex — Henry C. Hunt, Newton. 

Union — Hamilton F. Kean, Elizabeth. 

Warren — John I Blair Reiley, Phillipsburg. 

Executive Committee — Newton A. K. Bugbee, Edmund W. 
Wakelee, Henry M. Doremus, Alfred S. March, George F. 
Wright, Hamilton Kean, David Baird, Edward C. Stokes. 



PROGRESSIVE. 

Headquarters, Newark. 

Chairman, John A. H. Hopkins, Morristown ; Vice-Chair- 
man, Edgar A. Knapp, Elizabeth ; Treasurer, A. V. Robin- 
son, Morristown ; Secretary, Clarke Millen, Morristown ; 
Assistant Secretary, Walter F. Simpson, Newark. 

Atlantic— Eli H. Chandler, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — A. J. Johnson, Rutherford. 

Burlington — George N. Wimer, Palmyra. 

Camden — Frank B. Jess, Camden. 

Cape May — William H. Bright, Wildwood. 

Cumberland — Francis D. Potter, Bridgeton. 

Essex — Howard S. Dodd. Newark. 

Gloucester — George S. McCarthy, Woodbury. 

Hudson — ^Adam J. Ruby, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — John H. Conover, Flemington. 

Mercer — A. Crozer Reeves, Trenton. 

Middlesex — Adrian Lyon, Perth Amboy. ^ 

Monmouth — C. E. F. Hetrick, Asbury Park. 

Morris — John A. H. Hopkins, Morristown. 

Ocean — Frank Willing Leach, Tuckerton. 

Passaic— Geoxge T. Anderson, Paterson. 

Salem — Frederic A. Gentieu, Pennsgrove. 

Somerset — Charles C. Wheeler, Plainfield. 

Sussex — A. C. Tipton, Sparta. 

Union — Edgar A. Knapp, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Wm. Eugene Conkling, Blairstown, R. D. 

ir 



162 COUN'PY committees. 

CHAIRMEN OF COUNTY 
COMMITTEES. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



Atlantic — William L. Black, Hammonton. 

Bergen — Jesse Moore, Oradell. 

Burlington — ^J. Harry Barcalow. 

Camden — Samuel T. French, Camden. 

Cape May — E. O. Howell, Jr., Avalon. 

Cumberland — Samuel Cossaboom, Millville. 

Essex — James D. Moriarty, Orange. 

Gloucester — John Hobday, Woodbury. 

Hudson — John J. McGovern. Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — Erastus W. Sutton, Lebanon. 

Mercer — Joseph S. Hoff, Princeton. 

Middlesex — Thomas H. Haggerty, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth^John Walter Taylor, Asbury Park. 

Morris — Samuel Brant. Madison. 

Ocean — Dr. E. C. Disbrow, Toms River. 

Passaic — John Boylan, Paterson. 

Salem — Isaac Klein, Salem. 

Somerset — William J. De Mond, Somerville. 

Sussex — Robert T. Johnson, Newton. 

Union — Lucius T. Russell, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Philip M. Miller, Phillipsburg. 

REPUBLICAN. 

Atlantic — Lewis O'Donnel, Hammonton. 

Bergen — Randolph Perkins, Hackensack. 

Burlington — Joseph L. Thomas, Cinnaminson. 

Camden — Harry Reeves, Camden. 

Cape May — Joseph G. Champion, Ocean City. 

Cumberland— Charles P. Sharp, Vineland. 

Essex — Herbert W. Taylor, Newark. 

Gloucester — Francis- W. Davis, Woodbury. 

Hunterdon — B. Frank Barkley, Lambertville. 

Hudson — Samuel W. Smith, Kearny. 

Mercer — James H. Mulheron, Trenton. 

Middlesex — John Pfeifer, Mauer. 

Monmouth — Samuel W. Kirkbride, Asbury Park. 

Morris — Edward Ehlers, Rockaway. 

Ocean — Charles H. Conover, Tuckerton. 

Passaic — Frederick Van Blarcom, Paterson. 

Salem — D. Harris Smith, Salem. 

Somerset — Edward E. Cooper, R. F. D. No. 3, Plainfield. 

Sussex — Frank E. Armstrong, Sussex. 

Union — William Newcom, Plainfield. 

Warren — Arthur Knowles, Phillipsburg. 



COUNTY COMMITTEES. 163 



PROGRECSIVE. 

Atlantic — S. P. Morris, Atlantic City. 
Bergen — Walter C. Zabriski, Ridgewood. 
Burlington — A. L. S. Doughty, Mt. Holly. 
Camden — Louis B. Le Due, Haddonfield. 
Cape May — Wm. H. Bright, Wildwood. 
Cumberland — Edward H. Sithens, Millerville. 
Essex — Irving K. Taylor, Orange. 
Gloucester — Victor Kugler, Woodbury. 
Hudson — Adam J. Ruby, Jersey City. 
Hunterdon — Dr. J. H. Conover, Flemington. 
Mercer — J. T. Cotton, Trenton. 
Middlesex — James A. Edgar, New Brunswick. 
Monmouth — Patrick H. Loftus, Asbury Park. 
Morris — J. A. H. Hopkins, Morristown. 
Ocean — C. M. Underbill, Lakewood, R. F. D. 
Passaic — George T. Anderson, Paterson. 
Salem — Frederic A. Gentieu, Pennsgrove. 
Somerset — George T. Hughes, Watchung. 
Sussex — Leonard Bissell, Newton. 
Union — Harwood Fish, Roselle Park. 
Warren — W. Eugene Conkling, Blairstown. 



164 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

PARTY PLATFORMS. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton, October 
5th, 1915, and presided over by Governor James F. Fielder.) 

We, the members of the Democratic State Convention, held 
October 5th, 1915, composed of delegates chosen by Demo- 
cratic voters at open primaries as provided by law, hereby 
adopt the following preamble and platform and pledge to it 
the support of our candidates for Senate and General As- 
sembly : 

1. We renew our allegiance to the National Democratic 
Administration which, under the leadership of Woodrow Wil- 
son, has been true to those great principles which are the 
bulwark of the Democratic party. The great responsibilities 
thrust upon the party have been accepted and met with a 
full realization that public office is a public trust. Avenues 
of fair trade have been opened, credit has been made liquid, 
and special privilege has been dethroned. That the party 
leadership has been wise, Avas demonstrated by the re-election 
of a Democratic House of Representatives at the last general 
election. The president's foreign policy has elicited the 
admiration of the entire world. With infinite patience and 
even-handed justice, the neutrality of this country has been 
maintained and we have been kept free from international 
entanglements. In the midst of the greatest world dis- 
turbance known to history, the administration, while strictly 
maintaining the rights of our citizens, has kept our country, 
alone among the great nations of the earth in the paths of 
peace and prosperity. We pledge our united support in 1916 
to the work of obtaining the renomination and re-election 
of our president, Woodrow Wilson. 

2. We condemn the Republican Legislature of last winter 
for its failure to keep its pledges to the people of the State 
of New Jersey. We indict the Republican party because 
while controlling both branches of the last Legislature it 
failed to provide for amendments to the constitution for the 
election of members of the Assembly by districts and for 
home rule for our municipalities : because it failed to enact 
any measure in the interest of tax reform; for its action 
in weakening the Geran Election law ; (for its bungling the 
Special Election law, which necessitated the calling of a 
special session ; for its attempt to pass a bill for the aban- 
donment of the Morris canal, which would have given to 
the Lehigh Valley Railroad valuable property for a grossly 
inadequate sum and would have committed the State to ex- 
travagant expenditures, on boulevards and parkways at a 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 165 

time when the State should be endeavoring to economize 
because it permitted a renewal of the activities of the old- 
time lobby, which flourished in the days when that party 
held undisputed sway in the State House and made it pos- 
sible for the railroad and public service representatives to 
be in regular attendance at every session, displaying their 
interest in the Godfrey Canal bill, the repeal of the Full 
Crew bill, the defeat of the Home Rule measure and other 
bills affecting the interests of their corporations ; for their 
failure to provide any additional state revenue ; for the 
insuflacient appropriations provided for next year with which 
to provide for the conduct of State institutions, for the new 
departments created under the Economy and Efficiency laws, 
for the National Guard and for the State Board of Children's 
Guardians ; because of its failure to enact laws looking to 
the reduction of the high cost of living and to cut down 
exorbitant salaries ; for its failure to pass a proper agri- 
cultural bill or to provide additional Norman School fa- 
cilities. 

3. We point out that the Democratic party was in the 
minority in both branches of the last Legislature. Its rep- 
resentatives introduced bills to carry out its platform prom- 
ises (which bills were defeated by the Republican majority 
for partisan ends), and they voted for every measure for 
the public good and aided in the defeat of all vicious legis- 
lation. 

4. We especially commend the administration of Governor 
James F. Fielder. His fidelity to his oath of office and bis 
conscientious devotion to the intprests of the people of New 
Jersey, have met with general approval and are deserving 
of hisrhest praise. Under his wise and non-partisan ad- 
ministration, laws have beeq enacted increasing the revenue 
of the State by a fairly graduated tax upon the estates of 
deceased persons ; local revenues have been enhanced by a 
reasonable bank stock tax : modern methods in the care and 
employment of inmates of our penal and charitaole insti- 
tutions have been established; prompt and effective meas- 
ures were taken to stamp out the hoof and mouth disease 
in cattle ; a simplifierl method for the conduct of proceedings 
in the Chancery Court has been adopted : the use of nar- 
cotics prevented and the pure food laws strengthened : cities 
were empowered to conduct public markets : a system of 
traffic recrulations. uniform throughout the State, was de- 
vised : the welfare of women, children and operatives in 
workshops and factories was safeguarded : the Economy and 
Efficiency laws, although much emasculated by the Republi- 
can ma.iority. were passed and various other measures in the 
interest of the people of the State, advocated by him. were 
enacted. His defeat of vicious and improper legislation, by 
the unsparing use of his veto power, deserves particular 
commendation, especially those vetoes which killed those 



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dlHlrlcl aniclldliielll, spoiiHored by Hie I leiiiocrais, WIIM ii|ieiily 
and dcllberalely Ullled by I be' iiinjorlly In llie Assembly 
al'lcr lirieeii Demoernis bad iinljed In force l| on! oC ••oiii 
nilll(>e. 

(5. \\,- renew oiir deelarall.Mi in favor ol' I'ewer and b.-ller 
lavvH. We would remind oiir fellow cIll/eiiH lliiil; Immedbilely 
i\f\rr eleclbiii IiihI year, llic I{c|)iiblleaii incinbcrH of llie 
liCKlHlaliire asHlmied lo iniiiiy commlllccH, I be (iiHk of pre 
IiarliiK blllH and Ibiil bcfon" llic opciiliiii,' of 11i(> Ticwlnla I lire 
Ibcy announced Ibal ilndr IiIIIh were ready for liil rodiicl Ion 
Mild llial llie hchhIoii would b(> nliorl and biiHlncHH like. Vel 
lliMl, HCHHion covered m period of ni'lccn \V(>eUH. Twelve 
linndrcd Miid forly IWc bllln and Jolnl rcsoliil Ions were In 
Irodiiccd and of IIiohc piisHcd. Ilfly one \ver<' disai)prov<Ml by 
Ibc governor and In llilrly nine olbcrs be found errors and 
conipcilcd llndr rccnll from Ills IimikIh for eorrccllon. Four 
linndrcd Miid nlnelccn becMinc laws mh iikmIiihI 1 wo liiindrcd 
and Hcvcniy h!x In Ibe preceding yt'nr. We inalnlaln Ibal 
Hiicli M niMHM of b>(^lsbiMon caiinol be ueccssiiry and Ibal 11 
IiijnrloUHly alVccIs Ibe biiMlncss man wlio Is iinable lo l<«-ei» 
pace Willi Ibc many annmil eliani;cs In and a<l(lilloiis |o 
our laws. 

7. Wc aiii.rov.' Ibc admliilsl ral Ion of Ibe nnances of Ibe 
SiMic by IIk' ncinocnillc Sla|(> ('oini)l roller and Hlalc TrcMB 
nrcr. iluslncss iiicMiods bave been aiiiillcd lo Ibc andlllnff. 
('oll(>cMon and dlsburs(>mcnl of llic Stale's r(>vcniic and for 
llio nrsl llni(> In Ibc lilslory of llic Sliilc. llic people liavo 
been InforiiK-d by hI ral^li I forward. Nlnii»lc HlalcincnlR. of llic 
condllloii of llic lr(«asiiry. Tbc IiihI UejnibllcMn licvjflslatiirc 
nllcrly failed lo sbow any capaclly for llic inanancinciil or 
coiilrol of llic Slale'H flnanclnl iiroblciiiH. II wobbled between 
ImpoHliiK n Slnl<> tax and IshuIiik' bonds iitid llnlsli(>d. nflcr 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 167 

an expensive examination into the accounts of tlie State, by 
imposing upon the Democratic Comptroller, the burden of 
working out the financial salvation of the State, giving him 
the power to grant or withhold appropriations. He solved 
the situation and acting under legislation passed in 1914, he 
firmly established the State's credit, so that the State is 
now ready to take advantage of trade discounts for prompt 
payment. In 1914 a Democratic Legislature provided for 
necessary improvements in nearly all the State institutions. 
In 1915 a Republican Legislature eliminated such improve- 
ments almost entirely. The Legislature of 1914 increased 
the revenues of the State by amendments to the Inheritance 
Tax laws, which have resulted in an increase of such reve- 
nues from $700,000 per annum to $2, .500,000. The system 
of examination and audit provided for in the requisition act 
recommended by the Comptroller and passed by the 1914 
Legislature, has done away with waste and extravagance in 
the expenditure of the public funds and has aided in a great 
degree in enabling the State to meet all its obligations. The 
policy "pay as you go" is the watchword of our parrty. We 
are opposed to a State tax or to the issue of bonds for any 
part of the annual expenses of the government, because we 
are convinced that with due economy and foresight, neither 
is necessary. 

We denounce the false claims of the Republican party to 
credit for the present financial condition of the State. No 
attempt was made by the last Legislature to provide one 
penny of additional revenue and the bill passed by that 
Legislature, appropriating money for State purposes for the 
year 1915-1916, will not become effective until November 
1st next, yet the State Treasury to-day has a cash balance 
of over $1,000,000. This is attributable solely to the revenue 
provided by the Democratic TjCgislature of 1914 and to the 
careful and business-like management of present Democratic 
officials. 

8. As a further step in its policy of placing the adminis- 
tration of the financial affairs of the State upon a business 
basis, the Democratic party proposes, if entrusted with the 
control of the next Legislature, to enact such legislation 
as may he necessary to insure a scientific and business-like 
system of appropriating the money required to run our State 
government, by creating a comprehensive budget system, 
whereby the needs and requirements of the State departments 
and institutions and necessary public improvements will be 
considered, weighed and recommended to the Legislature by 
a finance board, composed of State officials familiar with 
such needs and requirements, the continuity of which board 
will bring to this important function of government that 
thought, study and experience which will produce efficiency 
and economy. 



168 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

9. Thoughtful students of municipal and county financier- 
ing are agreed that greater restrictions should be imposed 
upon the power of public bodies to incur debts for posterity 
to pay. A menace to sound public credit and a growing 
burden upon the taxpayer is the system now so prevalent, 
under which bonded debts are created for public improve- 
ments which disappear or must be renewed long before the 
debt can be extinguished. In county and municipal, as well 
as State financiering, therefore, we earnestly favor an ex- 
tension, wherever practicable, of the "pay as you go" prin- 
ciple. In no event should bonds be issued for a period out- 
lasting the improvements for which they pay. We favor 
such legislation regarding this important subject as may 
efifect the necessary and prudent reforms that wisdom and 
experience suggest. 

10. To the citizen no right is more sacred than that of 
suffrage. The efficacy of the honest citizen's ballot is nul- 
lified, if through fraud it is not counted, or through cor- 
ruption it is offset by a purchased vote. The abuses of the 
boss-controlled convention and primary were wiped out by 
the Oeran law which insures to every candidate for public 
office equal opportunity. The most salutary requirement of 
that law. in fact the requirement which above all others 
guarantee honest elections, was that which required personal 
registration of voters. This provision prevented persons 
voting who were not entitled to do so — the most common 
practice of fraud at the polls. The Republican party, always 
opposed to the Geran law, has, through its control of the 
last Legislature, dealt the cause of honest elections a serious 
blow by abolishing the requirements of personal regis- 
tration to certain municipalities. We fear that this is 
the opening thrust of a general assault upon this great 
measure of reform. We cannot condemn too strongly the 
efforts of the Republican party to devitalize this law and 
we renew our pledge to maintain it inviolate. 

11. The Republican platform of 1914 said. "We believe 
in the use of plain, unmistakable language in the prepara- 
tion of our laws and condemn the use of words and phrases 
that render such acts unenforceable." It is significant that 
the Republican bill providing for a special election on the 
constitutional amendments, was framed in such language 
as to make it absolutely inoperative, thereby necessitating 
a special session of the Legislature to correct the blunders. 
At this special session, hours were spent jockeying for po- 
litical honors between the House and the Senate, regardless 
of the demands of the people of the State that the bill pre- 
pared by the Attorney-General, providing for the special 
election be passed. A bill passed by the Senate was again 
found to be defective and the House then took up, amended 
and passed the Attorney-General's bill, which the Senate 
finally accepted. These House amendments increased the pay 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 169 

of election officers $38,000, and removed the provision for 
numbered ballots, thus opening the door to election frauds. 
We ask the voters how these acts of the Republican Legis- 
lature square with their promises of accuracy, in the framing 
of laws and economy in administration and we pledge our- 
selves to the enactment of laws carefully and properly pre- 
pared. 

12. We believe that the principle of Civil Service, as laid 
down in the laws now in force, to be highly beneficial to 
the State and municipal governments and we are opposed to 
any measures which might weaken such laws. 

13. We favor the continuance of liberal State aid to 
counties and municipalities for the maintenance and repair 
of important highways. Recommendations made by a Demo- 
cratic Appropriation Committee for essential reforms in the 
road laws of the State were ignored or defeated by the 
party in control of the last session of the Legislature. We 
believe that in the interest of honesty and economy in 
road building there should be the greatest freedom in com- 
petition as to material and methods of construction and to 
this end we favor a law that will require open specifications 
for all highway contracts aided by the State, to the end 
that patented or proprietary material or processes must com- 
pete freely as to price with all material or processes of 
the same general quality or class. 

14. The constitution of the State provides for the mainte- 
nance and support of a thorough and efficient system of 
free public schools for the instruction of all the children in 
this State between the ages of five and eighteen years. In 
spite of the fact that our splendid free public school system 
represents a public investment of upwards of sixty millions of 
dollars, many pupils are denied full school advantages and 
are compelled to accept part time accommodations. We 
favor the development and improvement in every practicable 
way of the schools of the State, to the end that all children 
may receive the thorough and efficient training guaranteed 
them by the constitution. We favor the extension of in- 
dustrial education. New Jersey is rich in its agricultural 
resources and may become richer by scientific training in 
agriculture. We strongly favor such training in the schools. 
In the development of the rural sections of the State, the 
county school should be a large factor, therefore, we favor 
all efforts to bring the rural schools to the highest standard 
of efficiency. 

We also favor increased means for the training of teachers 
for the public schools, particularly through additional Nor- 
mal Schools, for the reason that we are to-day importing 
many teachers from other States because of lack of training 
facilities within the State. 

We believe that there should be a more extended use of 
school buildings for the civic, social and intellectual benefit 



170 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

not only of the young people, but of adults as well, in order- 
that the people of the State may secure the largest possible 
returns from their large investment in these public buildings. 

15. We recognize the importance of the agricultural in- 
terests of the State and we point out that the Democratic 
Legislature of 1914, appropriated to the State Agricultural 
College, to the State Experimental Station and for various 
purposes designed to promote and foster farming and allied 
industries, over $320,000. We believe that such interests 
can best be served through a single State Board the members 
of which shall not be selected and controlled by a few 
voluntary societies, but who shall be truly representative 
of all the farmers of the State and that the expenditure of 
such a large amount of State funds should be made under 
the supervision of a department organized as are other State 
departments, which cannot be exploited to further the po- 
litical fortunes of the few who pose as the farmers' friends, 
solely for the purpose of securing office. We condemn the 
legislation for a State Board of Agriculture attempted last 
year, not only because it proposed to set up a department 
entirely beyond State control and over which the State's 
financial officers could exercise no supervision, but also be- 
cause the proposed law was loosely drawn and was replete 
with errors, contradictions and provisions impossible of en- 
forcement, clearly showing the carelessness or incompetence 
with which the subject was handled. We favor an investi- 
gation by the Economy and Efficiency Commission, of the 
various boards, departments and bureaus having charge of 
separate -branches of this work, to the end that the same 
may be consolidated, expense of administration saved and 
the interests of those affected more efficiently served. 

16. We favor such reasonable measures of preparation by 
the Federal Government as will enable this Nation to prop- 
erly defend itself against foreign aggression. The preamble 
to the Federal Constitution declares that one of the purposes 
for which the union of the States was formed, was to "pro- 
vide for the common defence" and we hold it to be the 
duty of each State to efficiently train and provide the proper 
equipment for a body of its citizen soldiery. We believe 
this can best be accomplished by giving intelligent legislative 
aid to the building up and strengthening of our organized 
militia, making of it an organization whose members can 
be depended upon for effective military duty, rather than 
for the suppression of labor difficulties. We pledge our 
efforts to such end and we condemn the i-efusal of the last 
Legislature to heed the warnings of the Ad.jutant-General 
and the Quartermaster-General and provide sufficient money 
to enable the militia to receive the immense experience and 
benefit to be derived from an encampment at tlie training 
grounds at Sea Girt. 

17. The growth of the institutions of the State charged 
with the duty of maintaining the State's wards, charitable 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 171 

and penal, has outstripped the present methods of adminis- 
tration. We favor an extension of the supervisory powers 
of the Commissioner of Charities and Corrections over these 
institutions and their functions. At this time there is no 
adequate provision for the care of the unfortunate blind or 
those suffering from advanced stages of tuberculosis. We 
strongly urge the undertaking of the proper care of those 
so afflicted. 

18. We believe that the establishment of a Central Pur- 
chasing Bureau for all State supplies will be in accord with 
good business methods and will result in economy in State 
expenditures and we urge that the Economy and Efficiency 
Commission investigate this subject and make a report to 
the next session of the Legislature. 

19. We favor the law compensating workingmen when in- 
jured in the employment and favor its extension as the 
future may demand. 



REPUBLICAN. 

(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton. Oc- 
tober 5th, 1915, and presided over by President of the 
Senate, Walter E. Edge, of Atlantic county.) 

One year ago the Republicon Convention, consisting of 
legislative nominees and others as designated by law, met 
in annual session in Trenton. 

At that time a contract with the public was proposed, 
that if placed in power, a program of constructive legisla- 
tion would be undertaken. Definite pledges were adopted 
in order that the obligation should be clear and unmis- 
takable. 

The voters accepted the pledges made, and at the election 
following, changed the Democratic control in both Houses 
of the Legislature to a Republican majority. 

The last session has more constructive work to its credit 
than has been accomplished in any single session in years. 
The work of reformation, after Democratic rule of the 
State for four yeai's, could not be completed in a single 
session, and we pledge ourselves, if elected, to continue 
this work of improvement and reform. 

The economy and efficiency legislation which failed in 
two previous Democratic Legislatures was successfully 
placed on the statute books, and numerous consolidations 
of scattered State Departments have been effected thereby 
in the interest of modern businesslike regulation and control. 

Bittex Democratic opposition to these reforms marked 
almost every legislative step, in clear violation of their 
promises to the people, as the Democratic party was as 
strongly pledged to the economy and efficiency program as 
were the Republicans. 



172 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

In addition to the continuation of the program already 
well under way through the accomplishments of the last 
session, in our judgment particular attention should be 
given by the incoming Legislature to : 

A revised financial policy, including a proper businesslike 
budget system. 

Enact such laws as will insure a sane and businesslike 
policy for the development of tne rivers, harbors, canals 
and other waterways of the State, as they are among our 
most valuable assets, and when properly improved, will 
prove of incalculable benefit to our citizens. 

The promotion of free, public, non-sectarian education ; 
the development of industrial, vocational and agricultural 
education ; a constructive policy for the development of 
rural schools ; additional normal school facilities as soon 
as the finances will warrant ; the encouragement and sup- 
port of the negro in his struggle for advancement and 
wholesome service through a liberal education. 

A proper equalization of tax assessments. 

The elimination of grade crossings in the order of danger 
and as rapidly as the expense definitely involved will permit. 

Enact such laws as shall direct the procedure for the 
creation and retirement of the obligations of our munici- 
palities, that public weiiare may be advanced, municipal 
crjedit conserved and the taxpayexs' interestis proipeirly 
safeguarded. 

Study the problem of the expense and care of our mental 
defectives so that they may receive the greatest amount of 
care with the least expense to the State. 

An aggressive encouragement and development of our 
agricultural resources. 

A revision of the road laws of om" State and the develop- 
ment and systematic repair of our good roads which, under 
the Democratic administration, have been allowed to oe 
ruined so that now they have become a disgrace instead of 
a credit to the State. 

A continuation of the program for economy and efllciency, 
so substantially begun. 

A proper protection of the labor interests of the State. 

A simplification of our election laws without sacrificing 
the safety or the honesty of the ballot in order that the 
large number of voters who refuse to exercise suffrage 
under our unnecessarily complicated machinery shall not 
be disfranchised. 

A proiper delegation of power to municipalities without 
sweeping away those fundamental State-wide principles and 
policies generally accepted and recognized for years as 
wise and beneficent. 

Maintain and safeguard the Civil Service law of the 
State, passed by a Republican Legislature in 1908, since 
greatly weakened through Democratic manipulation. 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 173 

The necessity for a revised financial policy is most ap- 
parent from the fact that the Democratic Comptroller 
admitted in a report to the Legislature of 1915 that the 
State faced a deficit which might exceed by the close of the 
fiscal year $2,000,000. The Republican majority, recogniz- 
ing this serious financial situation, brought about by ex- 
cessive aippropriations of tue two preceding Democratic 
Legislatures, cut down the appropriations $1,200,000, and 
yet provided ample funds for the maintenance of all State 
institutions and departments. 

We insist that the State should not spend more than its 
income, a policy adopted by the Republicans at the last 
session, and to this end we shall limit our appropriations 
within the estimated income of the State. If the Demo- 
crats had subscribed to this policy, a deficit, of course, 
could never have occurred. 

The requisition system we approve in principle, but not 
to the extent that permits any State officer to arbitrarily 
withhold payment of appropriations to the embarrassment 
of institutions and State departments, when the same have 
been regularly allowed by the Legislature. 

In connection with a revised financial policy we propose 
to consider the matter of State purchases, whereby State 
supplies can be standardized and purchased in bulk, as is 
done in large and successful business. 

We apipeal to the patriotic citizens of New Jersey to vote 
against the Democratic party which has allowed American 
citizens to be shot, American soldiers and sailors to be 
killed, and the American flag to be trampled in the dust 
without taking adequate measures for redress. 

We appeal to the electorate to rebuke the Democratic 
party for its enactment of a tariff, which approaches free 
trade, has paralyzed the industries of the country, except 
those that aie supported by a foreign war ; it has injured 
the credit of the United States so that its bonds are selling 
below par, and, in spite of its promises, the cost of living 
is continually rising. 

We appeal to all the people of our State, irrespective of 
party affiliation, for the support of this program, for a vote 
of confidence in Republican ideals and principles, so that a 
re-united party may realize the true aspirations of a great 
majority of the citizens of the Republic. 



PROGRESSIVE. 

(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton, Oc- 
tober 5th, 1915, and presided over by John A. H. Hopkins, 
of Morristown.) 

We, the Progressive party of New Jersey, in convention 
assembled, re-affirm the Progressive national platfoTm of 
1912, and the New Jersey State platform of 1914. 



174 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

We stand for the following measures In New Jersey : 

1. The universal secret Primary ballot in one box. 

2. Non-partisan preferential election ballot (short ballot.) 

3. Election of assemblymen by single member districts. 

4. Local Option. 

5. Woman Suffrage. 

6. Home rule for municipalities. 

7. Right of municipal referendum on public ownership. 

8. Extension of Civil Service. 

9. The initiative, the referendum and the recall. 

10. Land value tax. 

11. Public defender. 

12. Strengthening pure food laws. 

13. School buildings for polling places. 

We are unreservedly and unqualifiedly in favor of all the 
above, and shall work for them until they are enacted into 
law and actively enforced. 



SCHOOL LAW. 175 

SYNOPSIS OF SCHOOL LAW. 



The State Board of Education consists of eight members, 
not more than one of whom shall reside in the same county, 
and not more than four of whom shall belong I.0 the same 
political party. It has control of the State Normal Schools, 
the School for the Deaf and the Manual Training and In- 
dustrial School for Colored Youth. It confirms the appoint- 
ment of the county superintendents of schools, decides ap- 
peals from the decisions of the Commissioner of Education, 
and makes rules for the granting of teachers' certificates and 
for carrying into effect the school laws of the State. It 
appoints an inspector of school buildings and an inspector 
of accounts. 

The Commissioner of Education is appointed by the gov- 
ernor and confirmed by the Senate. He appo.nts the county 
superintendents of schools, decides controversies that arise 
under the school law ; may withhold the State school moneys 
from any district for neglect or refusal to comply with the 
provisions of the school law, and has general supervision of 
the public schools. There are four assistant commissioners 
appointed by the commissioner by the advice and consent of 
the State Board of Education ; one acts as inspector of 
secondary schools, another as inspector of elementary schools, 
another as inspector of industrial education, and another to 
hear controversies and disputes arising under the school law. 

There is a superintendent of schools for each county, ap- 
pointed by the Commissioner of Education and confirmed by 
the State Board of Education. The County Superintendent 
apportions the school moneys among the districts in his 
county, has general supervision of the schools and, in con- 
nection with the local Board of Education, prescribes the 
course of study to be pursued in the district, approves the 
necessity for transportation and the cost and method thereof. 

Each municipality in the State constitutes a school dis- 
trict, unless by a vote of the people two or more munici- 
palities decide to unite and form one district. There are 
two classes of school districts, cities forming one class and 
all other municipalities the other, but a district in either 
class may, by a vote of the people, be transferred to the 
other class. The members of the Board of Education in a 
city school district are appointed by the mayor. 



176 SCHOOL LAW. 

In order to be eligible to membership in the Board of 
Education, a person must be a citizen of the United States 
and must have been a resident of the district for at least 
three years immediately preceding his or her election or ap- 
pointment and must be able to read and write. A city 
school district may have a city superintendent, but until one 
is appointed the County Superintendent has supervision of 
the schools. 

In each city school district there is a Board of School 
Estimate, consisting of the mayor, two members of the body 
having the power to make appropriations for city purposes, 
and two members of the Board of Education. The Board 
of Education presents its estimate of the amount of local 
appropriation needed, and the Board of School Estimate 
certifies to the body in the city having power to make appro- 
priations, the amount to be raised for school purposes. The 
amount so certified must be raised. 

In districts other than cities the Boards of Education 
consist of nine members each, elected by the people on the 
third Tuesday in March. The term of office begins the first 
Monday in April. The qualifications for membership are 
the same as in city school districts. The special district 
school tax is voted either at the annual meeting or at a 
special school meeting called by the Board of Education. 
Bonds for school houses are authorized by the legal voters. 
School bonds cannot be sold at private sale except to the 
Trustees of the School Fund or Sinking Fund Commissioners 
unless said Trustees or Commissioners have refused to buy 
them. Bonds cannot be delivered to any purchaser other 
than the Trustees of the School Fund except upon payment 
of full purchase price. Women may vote at district meet- 
ings on all questions except the election of members of the 
Board of Education, which is prohibited by the Constitution. 
Truant officers and janitors cannot be discharged or their 
compensation decreased except for cause and after a hearing. 

Funds for the support of schools come from the following 
sources : First, from the income of the State School Fund. 
The principal of this fund is derived almost entirely from 
the sale and rental of lands under water belonging to the 
State. The principal cannot be used for any purpose, and 
the income can be used only for the support of public schools. 
Second, from State appropriation made by the Legislature to 
reduce the State school tax. Third, from State school tax. 
an amount which when added to the State appropriation 
will make a sum equal to two and three-fourths mills on 



SCHOOL LAW. 177 

each dollar of the taxable property in the State. Fourth, 
the railroad tax received by the State in excess of one-half 
of one per cent, of the value of the railroad property. Fifth, 
interest of surplus revenue, and sixth, local school tax. 

The income from the school fund is apportioned among 
the counties by the State Superintendent on the basis of 
the total days' attendance of pupils in the public schools. 
The State appropriation is apportioned among the counties 
by the State Comptroller on the basis of the ratables. Ninety 
per cent, of the State school tax paid by each county is 
returned to it, and the ten per cent, received from all the 
counties forms the reserve fund, which is apportioned among 
the counties in the discretion of the State Board of Educa- 
tion. The railroad tax is apportioned on the ratables. 

The County Superintendent apportions to each district $600 
for the Superintendent or Supervising Principal, if there be 
one ; $500 for each teacher in a special class for subnormal 
children ; $400 for each Assistant Superintendent and Super- 
visor, and for each permanent teacher employed in a high 
school having a full four-years' course of study ; $300 for 
each permanent teacher employed in a high school having 
a full three-years' course of study ; $200 for each permanent 
teacher employed in any kindergarten, primary or grammar 
grade or in a high school having less than three years' 
course of study ; $80 for each temporary teacher employed 
more than four months ; $80 for each evening school teacher ; 
$25 for each high school pupil for whom a tuition fee is 
paid to another district ; $5 for each pupil below the high 
school grade for whom such tuition fee is paid, and 75 per 
cent, of the cost of transportation of pupils approved by 
the County Superintendent. The balance of the State school 
moneys received by the county is apportioned on the basis 
of the total number of days' attendance of the pupils. 

The custodian of municipal funds is the custodian of 
school moneys, unless the Board of Education appoints the 
collector as custodian. In either case, the compensation of 
the custodian must be fixed by the Board of Education and 
paid from school funds. If there are two or more munici- 
palities in the district, the Board of Education may appoint 
its own custodian. 

Each collector must pay to the county collector the 
amount of State school tax due from his taxing district not 
later than December 22d. If the tax is not paid by that 
date the County Superintendent must withhold the amount 
of reserve fund apportioned to the district and divide it 



178 SCHOOL LAW. 

the following year among all the districts in the county. 
The county collector must pay the State school tax to the 
State Treasurer not later than January 20th. 

If a district provides a course in manual training, and 
such course is approved by the State Board of Education, the 
State will give to such district each year a sum equal to that 
raised in the district for manual training, provided the 
amount raised is not less than $250 or more than .$5,000. 

County vocational schools may be established in any 
county under rules made by the State Board of Education. 
The location of these schools shall be approved by the Com- 
missioner of Education with the advice and consent of the 
State Board of Education. The Board of Education for 
such vocational school shall consist of the County Superin- 
tendent and four persons to be appointed by the judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas in the county. The State 
appropriates a sum equal to that raised in the county for 
the establishment of such school. The amount contributed 
by the State for any such school shall not exceed in any 
one year the sum of $10,000. 

Every district must provide free text-books and supplies 
for all pupils and must also provide a flag for each school 
house, which flag must be displayed every day the school is 
in session. The selection of a text-book requires the vote of 
a majority of the whole number of members of the Board 
of Education. A Board of Education must employ medical 
inspectors and attendance officers. 

Every school which raises $20 to establish a school library 
may receive a like amount from the State. After the flrst 
payment, the State will give $10 each year that the school 
raises the same amount. Library moneys may be used for 
library books, reference books, apparatus, or educational 
works of art. 

All plans for school houses must be submitted to the State 
Board of Education for suggestion and criticism. Every 
school house hereafter erected must comply with the follow- 
ing requirements : First, light must be admitted to the class 
rooms only from the left and rear. Second, the total light 
area must equal 20 per cent, of floor space. Third, there 
must be 18 square feet of floor space and not less than 200 
cubic feet of air space for each pupil. Fourth, all rooms 
must have a proper system of ventilation which will supply 
30 cubic feet of fresh air per minute for each pupil. Fifth, 
all ceilings must be at least 12 feet in height and all stairs 
must be at least 4 feet wide, with intermediate landings, 



SCHOOL LAT\'. 179 

enclosed in brick walls or by partitions of slow-burning con- 
struction, and without open well holes. Sixth, a school 
house having eight rooms must have two flights of stairs, 
each four feet in width, or one flight not less than six feet 
in width, one having from eight to sixteen rooms, two flights 
of stairs not less than five feet in width, and one having 
sixteen or more rooms, four flights of stairs not less than 
four feet in width, or two flights not less than six feet in 
width. Seventh, all ceilings must be either metal, wood or 
plaster on metal laths and painted white or some light tint. 

A person cannot be legally employed as a teacher unless 
he holds a teacher's certificate in full force and effect at 
the time he begins teaching. Before beginning to teach he 
must show his certificate to the Superintendent of Schools. 
A Board of Education may adopt rules governing the em- 
ployment of teachers. In the absence of rules, the contract 
must be in writing in triplicate, one copy filed with the 
Board of Education, one with the County Superintendent, 
and one with the teacher. The employment, promotion or 
dismissal of a teacher requires the vote of a majority of the 
whole number of members of the Board of Education. After 
three years' continuous service a teacher cannot be removed 
except upon charges and after a hearing. 

All persons appointed as teachers, principals or superin- 
tendents, who have not taught in this State prior to Jan- 
uary 1st, 1908, are members of the Teachers' Retirement 
Fund by virtue of such appointment. 

A State pension is also provided for teachers who have 
had thirty-five years of actual service ; twenty-five years of 
such service must have been in New Jersey. The annual 
pension provided is one-half the average annual salary re- 
ceived for the last five years of service. 

The State Board of Examiners consists of the Commis- 
sioner of Education, the Principals of the Normal Schools 
and a County Superintendent and a City Superintendent 
appointed by the State Board of Education. This Board 
issues certificates valid in all parts of this State and in any 
school or grade. 

All kindergarten teachers must hold special kindergarten 
certificates. Special certificates may be issued for kinder- 
garten, physical training, manual training, music, drawing, 
modern languages, commercial branches, cooking, sewing, 
agriculture and penmanship. All applicants for certificates 
must file testimonials of good moral character, and, in case 
of previous experience, of success as teachers. 



180 SCHOOL LAW. 

Graduates of the Normal Schools receive State certifi- 
cates. Graduates of normal schools in other States may 
have their diplomas endorsed, provided the course of study 
pursued is equivalent to the course in the New Jersey Nor- 
mal Schools, and the State in which they were issued grants 
reciprocal privileges to graduates of the New Jersey Normal 
Schools. 

All children between the ages of 5 and 20 are entitled to 
attend the public schools in the districts in which they 
reside. If a kindergarten has been established, children 
4 years of age may attend. A Board of Education must 
provide suitable school facilities for all the children desiring 
to attend school. The Board of Education may provide for 
the education of pupils in the higher grades by payment of 
tuition fees to adjoining districts. If a child lives remote 
from any school in the district, the Board may transport 
such child to school or pay for its tuition in another district. 
A Board of Education may close a school and transport all 
the children to another school. Children who have never 
attended any school can be admitted to a public school 
only during the ten days immediately following the opening 
af the school in the fall and during the first five days in 
January and April, except by the vote of a majority of all 
the members of the Board of Education. 

All children between the ages of 7 and 16 must attend 
either a public or private school every day such school is in 
session, unless they are taught at home or are physically 
or mentally unfit to attend. Children between 14 and 16 
years of age who have completed five yearly grades may be 
granted certificates permitting them to go to work. The 
parent of a child who does not attend school may be pro- 
ceeded against before a magistrate as a disorderly person. 
If the parent is unable to control the child, such child may 
be proceeded against as a disorderly person. 

Corporal punishment in all public schools is absolutely 
prohibited. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



181 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL, 

1776 to 1844. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Lewis M. Walker. 
38 — 39, Japhet Ireland. 



40 — 41, Mahlon Canfleld. 
42 — 44, Absolam Cordery. 



Bergen County. 



76, 82—83, John Fell. 
77—78, Robert Morris. 
79—81, Theunis Dey. 
84—90, 92—95, Peter Haring. 
91, 96 — 06, John Cutwater. 

07, 09—11, Peter Ward. 

08, 12—13, William Colfax. 
14—15, 18, Adrian Post. 

16, 19—21, John D. Haring. 
17, Martin Ryerson. 
Christian Zabriskie. 



24—26, 30, 32—33, 

Charles Board. 
27—29, Nathaniel Board. 

31, Jacob M. Ryerson. 
34—35, Christian C. Zabriskie. 
36 — 37, Samuel R. Demarest. 
38 — 39, Francis Price. 

40, Albert G. Doremus. 
41 — 42, John Cassedy. 
43—44, John H. Zabriskie. 



Burlington County. 

76, Richard Smith. 02—04, Samuel Hongh. 

77, John Imlay. 10 — 13, John Beatty. 
78—80, 83, Peter Tallman. 14, Caleb Earl. 
81—82, John Cox. 15—17, William Irlck. 
84—86, 89—90, William Newbold.l8, 29—31, William N. Shinn. 
87—88, Joseph Smith. 32—33, Richard Campion. 

91, James Klnsey. 34, James Newbold. 

92, 1818—28, Calem Newbold. 35—36, Charles Stokes. 



93 — 96, John Black. 
97—1801, 04—09, 

George Anderson. 



37—41, William Irick. 
42, Moffett Craig. 
43 — 44, James S. Hulme. 



Cape May County. 



1776, Jonathan Hand. 11, 

77, 79—80, 82—83, Jesse Hand. 14, 

78, Jonathan Jenkins. 15 — 19, 

81, 85, Elijah Hughes. 

84, 86—93, Jeremiah Eldredge. 20—23, 

94—95, 1806, 09—10, 2&— 30, 

Matthew Whillden. 31—33, 

96—98, 1800, 04, 34—35, 

Permenus Corson. 36 — 37, 

99, John T. Townsend. 38 — 39, 

1801 — 04, 07, Ebenezer Newton. 40 — 41, 

05—06, William Eldredge. 42—44, 

08, 12—13, Joseph Falkenberge. 



Nathaniel Holmes. 
Furman Leaming. 

24, 26—27, 
Joshua Swaine. 

25, Thomas H. Hughes. 
Israel Townsend. 
Joshua Townsend. 
Jeremiah Leaming. 
Richard Thomson. 
Amos Corson. 
Thomas P. Hughes. 
Maurice Beesley. 



182 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



1776 to 1S44. 



Cumberland County. 



7&— 77, 82, Theophilus Elmer. 13, 

78, Ephraim Harris, 14, 18, 

79, John Buck. 20—21, 

80, 84, Jonathan Elmer, 26, 

81, 83, 85—94, 96—97, 99—1800, 27—28, 

Samuel Ogden. 29—32, 

95, Eli Elmer. 33, 37, 

98, Joel Fithian. 34, 

1801—02, David Moore. 35—36, 

03—04, 10—11, George Burgin. 38, 

05—06, Abraham Sayre. 39 — 40, 

06, 08, 12— 13,. 15— 17, 19, 22—25, 41, 

Ebenezer Seeley, 42, 

07, Ebenezer Elmer, 43 — 44, 

09, James B. Hunt. 



Ezekiel Foster. 
James Clark. 
James D. Westcott. 
Ephraim Bateman. 
John Trenchard. 
Elias P. Seeley. 
Israel Stratton. 
David Reeves. 
Joshua Brick. 
Nathaniel Foster, 
Samuel Barber, 
Ephraim H. Whitecar. 
David Whitaker. 
Enoch H. Moore. 



Essex County. 



76—77, 79, Stephen Crane, 15—16, 

78, Abraham Clark. 19—22, 

80, James Caldwell. 24, 30, 

81 — 84, Josiah Hornblower. 27, 

85—87, John Peck. 29, 

88, John Chetwood, 31—32, 

89, Jonathan Dayton. 33, 
90—97, John Condit. 34, 
9*— 1800, Daniel Marsh. 35, 
01, 06, 10—13, Charles Clark. 36, 
02—03, William S. Pennington. 37, 
04—06, 17—18, 23, John Dodd. 38—40, 

07, Moses Jacques, 41 — 42, 

08—09, Thomas Ward. 43—44, 
14, Charles Kinsey. 



25, 28, Amos Harrison. 

26, Silas Condit. 
John Dow. 
Samuel Pennington. 
Amzi Dodd. 

Isaac H. Williamson. 
Jacob M. Mead. 
Oliver S. Halstead. 
Stephen D. Day. 
Andrew Parsons. 
John J. Chetwood. 
Amzi Armstrong. 
William Chetwood. 
Joseph S. Dodd. 



Gloucester County. 



1776 — 80, 84, John Cooper. 

81, Joseph Hugg. 
82—83, 85—86, Elijah Clark. 
87—94, Joseph Ellis. 
95 — 97, Joseph Cooper. 
98—1802, Thomas Clark. 
03—06, 11, Isaac Mickle. 



21—22, Michael C. Fisher. 
23, 29, 31—32, Joseph Kaighn. 
24 — 25, Isaac Wilkins. 

26, John Moore White. 

27, Christopher Sickler. 

28, Jeremiah J. Foster. 
30, 33—35, John W. Mickle. 



06, 14, 16, Samuel W. Harrison. 36—38, John C. Smallwood. 

07—10, Richard M. Cooper. 39^0, Joseph Porter. 

12 — 13, James Hopkins. 41, William R. Cooper. 

17 — 18, James Matlack. 42, Joseph Saunders. 

19—20, John Baxter. 43^4, Joshua P. Browning. 



Hudson County. 

1840, Abraham Van Santvoord, 43-^4, Edwin V, R. Wright. 
41—42, John S, Condit. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



18; 



1776 to 1844. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776—81, John Stevens. 

82, Joseph Reading. 
83 — 84, Philemon Dickinson. 
85—88, Robert-Lettis Hooper. 

89, Benjamin Van Cleve. 
90 — 1804, John Lambert. 
05 — 06, John Wilson. 
06 — 14, John Haas. 

15, Aaron Vansyckle. 
16—19, 21, 24—25, 

Elnatban Stevenson. 

20, Thomas Prall. 



22 — 23, John Cavanagh. 
26 — 29, George Maxwell. 
30, Thomas Capner. 
31—32, Peter I. Clark. 

33, Alexander Wurts. 

34, Nathaniel Saxton. 
35, 42—44, William Wilson. 

36, Henry S. Hunt. 
37 — 38, Joseph Moore. 

39, James Snyder. 
40—41, John Lilly. 



Mercer County. 

1838—39, Charles G. McChesney. 42 — 44, George Woolsey. 
40 — 41, James White. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, John Wetherill. 
77 — 79, Jonathan Deare. 
80, 83, 88, Benjamin Manning. 
81—82, 1806, John Beatty. 
84—85, 96, Samuel Fitz-Randolph. 
86—87, 89—94, Samuel Randolph. 
95, 97, 99—1806, 

Ephraim Martin. 
98, 1820, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 

07, 09, 14—17, 22, 

Ercuries Beatty. 

08, 10, 12—13, James Schureman. 36— 38, 41, George T. McDowell. 
11, John James. 39 — iO, David B. Appleget. 
13, John Neilson. 42 — 44, Abraham W. Brown. 



18, John N. Simpson. 
19, 21, 27—28, James T. Dunn. 
23—24, 26, 30, 

Robert McChesney. 

25, William Edgar. 

29, James Cook. 

30, Samuel Edgar. 

32, John T. McDowell. 

33, Josiah B. Howell. 

34, Andrew Snowhill. 

35, John Perrine, Jr. 



Monmouth County. 



1776, Nathaniel Scudder. 
77 — 79, Joseph Holmes. 
"" " 89—92, 95, 

Elisha Lawrence. 

John Imlay. 

David Forman. 

99, Asher Holmes. 

1812—13, 

Thomas Henderson. 

Elisha Walton. 
1800, John Lloyd. 
01—07, Thomas Little. 

08, William Lloyd. 

09, John A. Scudder. 



96—98, 



10—11, 13—21, Silas Crane. 

22, William Andrews. 
23—24, William I. Bowne. 
25, 28—29, William I. Emley. 
26—27, Henry D. Polhemus. 

30, Samuel G. Wright. 
31, 34, John Patterson. 
32 — 33, Daniel Holmes. 
35 — 36, Thomas Aarowsmith. 

37, William L. Davton. 
38—39, Benjamin Oliphant. 

40, Peter Vredenburgh, Jr. 
41 — 44, James Patterson. 



184 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



1776 to 1S44. 



Morris County. 



1776—80, Silas ContHct. 
81—84, John Carle. 

85, John-Cleve Symmes. 
86—88, 93—94, 96—1800, 
Abraham Kitchel. 
89—90, William Woodhull. 
91—92, 95, Ellis Cook. 
1801—06, David Welsh. 
07 — 14, Benjamin Ludlow. 
15 — 22, Jesse Upson. 



23—27, Silas Cook. 
28—30, Edward Condict. 
31—32, 40-^1, James Wood. 

33, Mahlon Dickerson. 

34, William Monro. 
35—36, Jephthah B. Munn. 
37—38, William Brittin. 

39, Jacob W. Miller. 

42, Ezekiel B. Gaines. 

43 — 44, John H. Stansborough. 



Passaic County. 



1837 — 38, Andrew Parsons. 
39—40, Nathaniel Board. 
41, Silas E. Canfield. 



42, William Deckey. 
43—44, Silas D. Canfield. 



Salem County. 



1776, 78 — 79, Andrew Sinnickson. 
77, Edward Keasbv. 

80, 82, 86, Whitten Cripps. 

81, 83—84, John Holme. 
85, 87—93, John Mayhew. 
94 — 96, Thomas Sinnickson. 
97—90, 1801—04, William Parret. 

1800, William Wallace. 
04, 06—07, Jacob Hufty. 
05—06, 09—13, Isaiah Shinn. 

08, Samuel Ray. 
13—17, Jededlah Dubois. 
18, 20—22, John Dickinson. 

19, Hedge Thompson. 



23, 40, 


Josiah M. Reeve. 


24—25, 


Zacheus Ray. 


26—28, 


32, Israel R. Clawson. 


29, 


Philip Freas. * 


30, 


James Newell. 


31, 


Henry Freas. 


33, 


Charles Swing. 


34, 37, 


William F. Reeve. 


35, 


Samuel Humphreys. 


36, 


Thomas Yarrow. 


38—39, 


John A. Lambert. 


41, 


Robert Newell. 


42, 


Samuel Bolton. 


43 — 44, 


Joseph C. Nelson. 



Somerset County. 



1776, William Paterson. 
77, 93—97, James Linn. 

78, Abraham Van-Neste. 
79, 81—89, Ephraim Martin. 

80, John Witherspoon. 
90 — 92, Frederick Frelinghuysen. 
98—1804, Peter D. Vroom. 

04, Henry Vanderveer. 
05—13, 15—19, 

John Frelinghuysen. 



14, 26—29, Andrew Howell. 
20—25, Peter I. Stryker. 
30 — 34, James S. Green. 

35, William Thompson. 
36 — 38, Walter Kirkpatrick. 

39, Augustus R. Taylor. 
40 — 41, Joseph W. Scott. 
42 — 44, George H. Brown. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



185 





1776 


to 1844. 




Sussex County 


1776, 80, John-Cleves Symmes. 


19—20, 


77, 84- 


-85, 89—90, 


21, 




Robert Hoops. 


22, 


7&— 79, 


Robert Ogden. 


23—24, 


81—83, 


Hugh Hughes. 


25—26, 


8^-88, 


Mark Thomson. 


27, 


91—99, 


Charles Beardslee. 


28—31, 


1800—04, William McCullough. 


32, 


04, 


John Linn. 


33—34, 


05—06, 


George Bidleman. 


37—38, 


06, 


Jacob S. Thomson. 


39—40, 


07—13, 


Barnabus Swayze. 


41—42, 


13—15, 


William Kennedy. 


43-44, 


16—18, 


Thomas Vanklrk. 





Robert W. Rutherford. 
William T. Anderson. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
Jacob Thompson. 
Thomas C. Ryerson. 
Samuel Fowler. 

35, David Ryerson. 
Peter Merkel. 

36, Samuel Price. 
Richard R. Morris. 
Daniel Haines. 
Alexander Boyles. 
Benjamin Hamilton. 



Warren County. 



1825, Jacob Thompson. 

26 — 28, Jeremy Mackey. 

29 — 30, Jonathan Robbins. 

31, Samuel Wilson. 

32 — 33, Charles Carter. 



34 — 35, Charles Sitgreaves. 
36 — 39, Robert H. Kennedy. 

40, Caleb H. Valentine. 

41, Henry H. Van Ness. 
42^4, Charles J. Ihrle. 



186 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 

1776 to 1S44. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Joseph Endicott. 
38—39, Robert B. Risley. 



40 — 41, Joseph S. Read. 
42 — 44, George Wheaton. 



Bergen County. 



1776, Peter Zabriskie. 
76, 83, Theunis Dey. 

76, 84, 86, David Board 
77 — 78, Joast Beam. 

77, 81, Garret Leydecker. 

77, 82, 87, 1815, John Cutwater. 
78—81, 87, Peter Wilson. 

78, 97—1804, Thomas Blanch. 

79, Robert Morris. 
79 — 83, Isaac Blanch. 

80, Gabriel Ogden. 
82—83, 87, 94—95, Adam Boyd. 
84—86, 92, 96, 1810—11, 

Jacob Terhune (Terheun), 

84, Edow Merseallus. 

85, Abraham Blauvelt. 
85—86, 88—90, 93, Isaac Nicoll. 
88—90, 93, John (A.) Benson. 
90 — 91, Edmund W. Kingsland. 
91, 95, John Haring. 

91 — 92, 96, Henry Berry. 
92—94, 96—1802, 04—06, 
Peter Ward. 

94, William M. Bell. 

95, Benjamin Blaclidge. 
97—98, Robert Campbell. 
99—1801, John Dey. 

02 — 04, 06, Isaac Klpp. 
03 — 04, Martin I. Ryerson. 
04—06, 08—09, Adrian Post. 
05 — 06, Odonijah Schuyler. 
06—07, 09—11, William Colfax. 

07, John Vanhorn. 

07, Abraham Forshee. 
08, 14—17, Albert C. Zabriskie. 
08 — 09, 18, John Hopper. 
10—11, 13, John A. Westervelt. 
12—13, Martin Van Houten. 
12 — 13, 19, Casparus Bogart. 
12 — 13, Thomas Dickerson. 

14, Richard Cadmus. 

14, Jacob K. Mead. 
15, 20 — 21, Charles Board. 

15, Garret A. Lydacker. 
16 — 17, Jacob Banta. 



16—17, 
16, 21- 
18, 
18, 24, 
19—20, 

19, 

20, 

21—23, 

22—23, 

23—24, 

24, 

25, 

26, 

27, 30, 

27, 

28, 

28, 

28—29, 

29—30, 

30, 33, 

31, 

31, 

31, 

32—33, 

32—33, 

32, 

34, 

34—35, 

34, 

35, 36, 

35, 



37—38, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
39—40, 
39, 
39—40, 
41^2, 
41—42, 
43—44, 
43—44, 



Cornelius Merseiles. 
-22, Peter Sip. 
Casparus Prior. 
Nathaniel Board. 
25—26, 29, 

Cornelius Van Winkle. 
Silas Brinkerhoof. 
Sebe Brinkerhoof. 
John Westervelt, Jr. 
25—27, David I. Christie. 
Garret Ackerson. 
John Van Waggoner. 
Henry B. Haggerman. 
Charles Kinsey. 
Peter J. Terhune. 
Cornelius D. Van Riper. 
Christian Zabriskie. 
Peter C. Westervelt. 
Andrew P. Hopper. 
John Ward. 
Samuel R. Demarest. 
Garret Sip. 
Andrew H. Hopper. 
John R. Blauvelt. 
Garret P. Hopper. 
John M. Cornelison. 
Samuel Demarest. 
John F. Hopper. 
Abraham Lydecker. 
Peter I. Ackerman. 
Michael Saunier. 
John H. Hopper. 
Henry Doremus. 
Jetur R. Riggs. 
David D. Van Bussnm. 
Albert G. Lydecker. 
John Cassedy. 
John G. Ackerson. 
Albert G. Doremus. 
Albert J. Terhune. 
James I. Demarest. 
John H. Zabriskie. 
William G. Hopper. 
Jacob C. Terhune. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



187 



1776 to 1844. 



Burlingrton County. 



1776—77. Peter lallman. 


20, 


76, 78, 


83, Caleb Shreve. 


21—24, 


76, 


Joseph Newbold. 


21—23, 


77, 


Samuel Eogers. 


22, 


77—82, 


Thomas Fenimore. 


23—24, 


78—79, 


Josiah Foster. 


25—27, 


79, 85—90, Joseph Blddle. 


25—27, 


80, 


William Trent. 


25—28, 


80, 


William Hough. 


28—30, 


81—83, 


Israel Shreve. 


28, 


81, 83, 


90—92, 95, 


28, 




George Anderson. 


29, 


82, 


Thomas Reynolds. 


29, 


84, 


James Kinsey. 


30, 


84, 


Cleayton Newbold. 


30—35, 


84—85, 


87, Richard S. Smith. 


30, 


85, 


Joseph Smith. 


30-32, 


86, 


David Ridgway. 


31—32, 


86, 


Uriah Woolman. 


31—32, 


87—89, 


Robert Strettell Jones. 


31—32, 


88—90, 


Daniel Newbold. 


31, 


91, 


Joshua M. Wallace. 


32—34, 


91, 


Caleb Newbold. 


33, 


92, 1801—04. John Lacey. 


33, 


92—93, 


Thomas Hollenshead. 


33—34, 


93—96, 


Samuel Hough. 


33, 


93, 


Henry Ridgway. 


34, 


94, 


Joseph Stokes. 


34, 


94, 


John Van Emburgh. 


34, 


95—96, 


Stacy Biddle. 


35—36, 


96—1804, 06—09, 16—17, 


35—36, 




William Coxe, Jr. 


35—36, 


97, 1820—22, Thomas Newbold. 


35—36, 


97—1801, Job Lippincott. 


36, 


97—1800, 02—07, 


37-38, 




William Stockton. 


37—38, 


98, 


Joseph Budd. 


37, 


99—1804, 08—17. 19. 


37, 




William Pearson. 


38—39, 


1804—11, 13—14, William Irick. 


38, 


04—06, 


Isaac Cowgill. 


39—41, 


04—13, 


Caleb Earle. 


39—41, 


10—15, 


Charles Ellis. 


39-^0, 


12—17, 


Samuel J. Read. 


40—41, 


15—16, 


William Reeve. 


41—42, 


17—19, 


24, John Evans, Jr. 


42-^4, 


18—19, 


23—24, William Griffith. 


42—44, 


18—19, 


John Newbold. 


42—44, 


18, 


Samuel Haines. 


42, 


20, 


George Hulme. 


43—44, 


20—22, 


25—27, Gershom Mott. 


43—44, 



William Stockton, Jr. 
Richard L. Beatty. 
William Woolman. 
Samuel Deacon. 
Jonathan Hough. 
29, Joshua S. Earl. 
Isaiah Toy. 
37 — 41, John Emley. 
Samuel Black. 
Philip F. Howell. 
Richard Eayre. 
John Warren. 
Charles M. Wells. 
Charles Stokes. 
George Deacon. 
Richard Campion. 
Benjamin H. Lippincott. 
Joshua Wright, Jr. 
Benjamin Shreve, Jr. 
William R. Allen. 
Samuel Black. 
Israel Biddle. 
John n. Rulon. 
Zebedee M. Wills. 
Isaac Hilliard. 
George Black. 
Benjamin Fish. 
Amos Stiles. 
Thomas Page, M.D. 
Anderson Lalor. 
Moses Wills. 
Thomas F. Budd. 
Benjamin Davis. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Jesse Richards. 
Amos W. Archer. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Phineas S. Bunting. 
Bowes Reed Brown. 
William W. Norcross. 
William Black. 
Levi Borton. 
Elihu Mathis. 
Isaac Stokes. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
John C. Deacon. 
Benjamin Ridgway. 
Joseph Satterthwait. 
Thomas Harrison. 
Thomas Harris. 
Isaiah Adams • 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 
Cape May County. 



1776, Eli Bldridge. 
76, Joseph Savage. 
76 — 77, Hugh Hathorne. 

77, 79, 84, 

Henry- Young Townsend. 
77—78, 80—81, 

Jeremiah Eldredge. 

78, John Hand. 

78, 81, 87—88, 90—96, 

Richard Townsend. 

79, James Whilden. 
79, Jonathan Leaming. 

80, 83, Joseph Hildreth. 
80—82, 86—88, 91—93, 1804, 

Matthew Whilden. 
82 — 83, 85 — 86, John Baker. 
82, 84—92, 96, 98, 

Elijah Townsend. 

84, Levi Eldredge (Resigned) 
85, 89 — 90, Nezer Swain. 

89, Eli Townsend. 

93, Ebenezer Newton. 



94, David Johnston. 
94 — 95, Eleazer Hand. 

95, Reuben Townsend. 

96, 99, 1801, Abijah Smith. 

97, 1800, Persons Leaming. 
1802 — 04, 10, Joseph Falkinborge. 
05—07, 09, 12—13, 

Thomas H. Hughes. 
06, 08, 11, 15—17, 18—19, 22, 
Nicholas Willits. 

13, Joshua Swain. 

14, Robert M. Holmes. 
20—21, 23, 26, 28—29, 

Joshua Townsend. 
24 — 25, 27, Israel Townsend. 
30 — 33, Jeremiah Leaming. 
34 — 35, Richard Thomson. 
36 — 37, Amos Corson. 
,38 — 39, Thomas P. Hughes. 
40 — 41, Maurice Beesley. 
42 — 44, Reuben Willets. 



Cumberland County. 



1776—77, 82—84, 86—87, 92, 03—04, 

Ephraim Harris. 04, 

76, 78, 82—83, 85—86, 96, 99, 1800, 05—06, 

Jonathan Bowen. 05 — 06, 

7&— 78, John Buck. 06, 16, 

77, 94, Ephraim Seeley. 06—07, 
78 — 79, James Ewing. 07 — 08, 
79, 91—93, Joel Fithian. 08—09, 

79, Timothy Elmer, 09—15, 

80, Thomas Ewing. 10, 
80, Samuel Ogden. 12—13, 

80, Ladis Walling. 14, 
81—83, Joshua Ewing. 15—16, 

81, Joshua Brick. 15, 17, 
81, Josiah Seeley. 16, 18, 
84, William Kelsey. 17—18, 

84—85, 87—89, 91—92, 18—19, 

John Burgin. 19—23, 
John Sheppard. 

Eli Elmer. 20—23, 

89— 9i; 93—95, 1817, 19, 22, 

Ebenezer Elmer. 23 — 25, 

90, 1800, Richard Wood, Jr. 24, 

93, 96—97, David Moore. 25, 

94_95, Benjamin Peck. 26—29, 

95, Ebenezer Seeley. 26—28, 

96 — 97, James Harris. 29, 

98, Isaac Wheaton. 29, 

98, John Sheppard, Jr. 30—31, 

99—1802, George Burgln. 30, 

1801 — 04, Azel Pierson. 



85—88, 



Robert Smith. 
Abijah Davis. 
James Lee. 
Jedediah Ogden. 
James D. Westcott. 
Benjamin Champneys. 
Jonathan Moore. 
11, 13, Ephraim Bateman. 
Daniel Richman. 
Isaac Watts Crane. 
Stephen Willis. 
Thomas Lee. 

20, 24, Nathan Leake. 
John S. Wood. 
Daniel Parvin. 

John Sibley. 

21, John Lanning, Jr. 
25—28, 30, 
William B. Ewing. 
Lucius Q. C. Elmer. 
J. Mayhew. 
Ishrael Stratton. 
George Souder. 
Edmund Sheppard. 
Nathaniel Foster. 

36, Elias P. Seeley. 
Philip Fithian. 
Michael Swing. 
Jeremiah Stratton. 
William D. Barrett. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



189 



1776 to 1844. 



31 — 32, John Lanning. 

31, Henry Shaw. 

32, 43-^4, Josiah Shaw. 

32, Reuben Hunt. 

33, Jeremiah Stull. 

33, Noah W. Flanagan. 

33, William Lore. 
34 — 36, Thomas E. Hunt. 
34 — 35, 39, Isaac Newcomb. 
34, 39, Ephraim H. Whitaker 
(Whitecar). 

36, Peter Ladow. 

37, Noah W. Flanagin. 
37, Samuel Bowen. 



37, David Whitaker (White- 
car). 

38 — 39, Belford M. Bonham. 

38, David Jones, 

40, Lewis Rice. 

40 — 41, Benjamin F. Chew. 
40 — 41, William P. Seeley. 

41, Elmer Ogden. 

42, Thomas Ware. 
42, Joseph Butcher. 
42, John R. Cory. 

43—44, Daniel L. Burt. 
43 — 44, Joseph Taylor. 



Essex County. 



1776, 83—85, Abraham Clark. 
76—82, 93, Caleb Camp. 
76, 82—88, Henry Garritso. 

77, Edward Fleming. 
77—79, 81, Jacob Brookfleld. 
78, 82, Isaac Woodruff. 
79 — 80, Josiah Hornblower. 
80, 82—83, 85—86, 89, 93, 
Daniel Marsh. 

81, Samuel Potter. 

84, John Peck. 
86 — 87, 90, Jonathan Dayton. 
87 — 90, 94 — 97, Jonas Wade. 
88—89, John Condit. 

90, Abraham Ogden. 
91 — 92, 94 — 96, Elias Dayton. 
91—92, Matthias Williamson. 
91 — 92, Israel Hedden. 
93, 96, 98—1800, 06—07, 
Abraham Spear. 
94 — 95, James Hedden. 
97 — 99, William S. Pennington. 

97, Stansbury Recompence. 
98—1800, 05—06, 09, 16, 

Charles Clark. 
1800 — 01, Jabez Parkhurst. 
01, 04, 06, 10, Amos Harrison. 

01, Ralph Post. 
02—04, 07, 10, 24, 28, 

Abraham Godwin. 
02—04, 08—09, 13, 15, 17—18, 

Israel Day. 
02 — 04, Ezra Darby. 
04, 06, James Willcock. 
04, 06—09, Silas Whitehead. 
05—06, 10—15, 20—23, 25, 

Samuel Pennington. 
05 — 06, Moses Jacques. 
05—06, 17—18, William Gould. 

07, Abraham Vanhouten. 
08—09, 19, Nathan Squler. 



08, Andrew Wilson. 

10, Joseph Quinby. 

11, Thaddeus Mills. 
11, 14, Samuel Condit. 

11, Abraham Ackerman. 
12—13, 19, Charles Kinsey. 
12 — 14, James Wilson. 
12—13, 16, Silas Condit. 
14 — 15, Jonathan Dayton. 
15—16, 20, 22—23, John Dow. 

16, Isaac H. Williamson. 
17—19, Thomas T. Kinney. 
17—23, Samuel B. Miller. 
20, 26—27, Stephen D. Day. 
21 — 22, Philemon Dickerson. 

21, Caleb Halstead. 

23, 25, John Mann. 

24, Francis C. F. Randolph. 

24, 26—27, Amzi Dodd. 
24—26, 28, William Stites. 

25, John Travers. 

26, Brant Van Blarcom. 

27, Oliver S. Halsted. 
27—28, Dennis Coles. 

28, William Pennington. 

29, Joseph C. Hornblower. 
29, John J. Chetwood. 

29, John Vail. 

29, Luther Little. 

30, 33, Cornelius G. VanRiper. 
30—32, John J. Baldwin. 
30—32, Ira F. Randolph. 

30, Moses Smith. 

30, Stephen J. Meeker. 
31—32, David Martin. 
31 — 32, John P. Jackson. 
31—32, William Dickey. 
33—34, Asa Whitehead. 
33—34, John J. Bryant. 

33, Robert Morrell. 



190 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 



33—34, Gideon Ross. 39—40, 

34 — 35, Andrew Parsons. 39 — iO, 

34, Jonas Smith. 40—41, 

35—36, Jacob Flatt. 40—41, 

35—36, Joseph N. Tuttle. 40—41, 

35 — 36, James W. Wade. 41 — 44, 

35—36, John J. Chetwood. 41, 

36—37, William J. Pierson. 41—42, 

37, Stephen Dod. 41—42, 

37—38, Alexander C. M. Penn- 42—44, 

ington. 42 — 44, 

37—38, John Llttell. 42—44, 

37, Israel Crane. 42 — 44, 
38 — 39, Edward Sanderson. 43 — 44, 
38—39, William Stites. 43—44, 

38, Abraham V. Spear. 



James H. Robinson. 
Samuel H. Gardner. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Alexander Wilson. 
Benjamin P. Brookfield. 
Stephen Congar. 
Jonas Smith. 
David B. Lum. 
Jabez Cook. 
Lemuel W. Jacobus. 
Jotham Potter. 
Samuel C. Smith. 
Jephtha Baldwin. 
Isaac Van Wagenan. 
John Runyon. 



Gloucester County. 



76, 92, Richard Somers. 

76, Robert F. Price. 

76, 1801, Isaac Mickle. 

77, 78, Elijah Clark. 

77, John Wilkins, Jr. 
77, Isaac Tomlinson. 

78, 81—85, 87—93, 1803—04, 

Joseph Cooper. 
79 — 80, John Sparks. 

79, Joseph Low. 

79 — 80, Thomas Rennard. 

80, Isaac Kay. 
81—83, 90, Samuel Hugg. 
78, 81—85, 

Joseph Ellis (Resigned). 
84—88, 90—91, Thomas Clark. 

85, David Davis. 

86 — 89, Franklin Davenport. 

86, John Kille. 

89, 93, 95—97, 1800, 02, 

Abel Clement. 
91 — 94, John Blackwood. 

94, Benjamin Whitall. 
94, 99, Thomas Wilkins. 
95 — 97, 1800 — 02, Samuel French. 
95 — 96, Thomas Somers. 

97, Daniel Leeds. 

98 — 99, Joshua L. Howell. 

98 — 1802, Samuel W. Harrison. 

98, James Wilkins. 
1803—06, Robert Newell. 
03—04, 15—16, Richard Risley. 
05—06, Reuben Clark. 

05 — 06, Samuel G. Champion. 
06, 10—11, Matthew Gill. 
06—07, 10, Michael C. Fisher. 
07 — 08, 11, Jacob Glover. 
07 — 08, 10, Benjamin Rulon. 
08 — 09, Thomas Doughty. 



08, 11, Joseph V. Clark. 

09, John Brick. 
12 — 17, Isaac Pine. 
12—13, Joseph C. Swett. 
12—13, Daniel Carrell. 
13—14, 24, 26, 

Charles French (Jun.). 

14, Nicholas Rape. 
15 — 17, Edward Sharp. 

17, 23, 28, John Estile (Estill). 

18, 24, 26, Daniel Lake. 
18 — 19, Samuel Kille. 

18, Samuel L. iJowell. 

19, Jeremiah .T. Foster. 

19, Thomas Garwood. 

20, Jehu Wilson. 
20, William Tatem. 

20, 23, John Moore AVhite, 
21—22, 25, 23, 34, 

John R. Scull. 

21, 23, 28, Charles C. Stratton. 
21 — 22, Joseph Kaighn. 

22, Isaac Mickle, Jr. 
24 — 25, Benjamin B. Cooper. 

24, Thomas Chapman. 
26—27, Thomas Bee. 
27 — 28, 37 — 38, Joseph Porter. 
27, 29, John W. Mickle. 

29, Isaac Hinchman. 
29 — 30, Japhet Ireland. 
30 — 31, Jacob Howey. 

30 — 31, 38 — 40, Charles Reeves. 

30, Robert L. Armstrong. 
31—32, Charles F. Wilkins. 
31 — 32, Samuel B. Westcott. 

32, John Gill, Jr. 

32, 38—40, Elijah Bower. 
33 — 35, Joseph Rogers. 

33, Jesse Smith. 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 191 



1776 to 1844. 

33—35, William R. Cooper. 41—42, Thomas H. Whitney. 

34—35, Samuel B. Lippencott. 41, John B. Miller. 

35, Joseph Endicott. 41, Charles Knight. 
36 — 38, Joseph W. Cooper. 42, Samuel C. Allen. 
36—37, James W. Caldwell. 42, Charles H. French. 
36—37, David C. Ogden. 43— i4, Nathan T. Stratton. 

36, John Richards. 43 — 44, Thomas B. Wood. 
39 — 40, Joseph Franklin. 43 — 44, Benjamin Harding. 
39 — 40, 42, Richard W. Snowden. 43 — i4, Samuel W. Cooper. 

41, Joseph L. Pierson. 

Hudson County. 

1840, John S. Condit. 43—44, Benjamin F. Welch, 
41 — 42, Abraham L. Van Bos- 
kerck. 

Hunterdon County. 

1776 — 78, John Hart. 07, John Dowers. 

76, 81, John Mehelm. 07—11, 21, Moses Stout. 

76, Charles Coxe. 09—11, 22, James J. Wilson. 

77 — 78, 82, Nehemiah Dunham. 10, Elnathan Stevenson. 

77, 79—81, 83—88, 91—93, 95—98, 11, Thomas Prall, Jr. 
1800, 02, 12—13, William Potts. 

Benjamin Van Cleve. 12 — 13, David Manners. 

78, David Chambers. 12—13, Benjamin Wright. 
79—80, Jared Sexton. 13—14, Edward Yard. 

79, William Gano. 13 — 14, Samuel Barber. 
80 — 85, 88, Johni Lambert. 13 — 14, John Opdycke. 
82—84, Samuel Tucker. 15 — 16, John Farlee. 
85—87, Joab Houghton. 15—17, William Nixon. 
86—87, 89—90, 94. 15—16, 18—20, 23, 

John Anderson. Abraham Stout. 

88, Robert Taylor. 16 — 17, Thomas Prall. 

89, Joshua Corshen. 17—18, Robert McNeely. 

89, Charles Axford. 18—19, 27—29, Isaac G. Farlee. 

90 — ^92, Thomas Lowrey. 18 — 23, George Maxwoll. 

90, 92, John Taylor. 19, 21, Isaac Taylor. 

91, 93—98, 1800, '»2, 20, Israel Taylor. 

Aaron D. Woodruff. 20 — 21, 25 — 27, Thomas Capner. 
93—98, 1800, 02, Simon Wyckoff. 22, Levi Knowles. 

93, Samuel Stout. 22, 27, Garret D. Wall. 

94—95, David Frazer. 23—28, 30—32, Enoch Clifford. 

96—97, 99—1800, 02, 23—24, David Johnston. 

Stephen Burrows. 24 — 26, Asa C. Dunham. 

97, Samuel R. Stewart. 24, 28—31, Alexander Wurts. 

98, Joseph Beavers. 25—26, 30, 33, John Barton. 
98—99, 1801, 03—08, 28—29, Stacy G. Potts. 

Joseph Hankinson. 29, Gabriel Hoff. 

99—1801, 03—06, 17, John Haas. 30—33, Edward S. Mcllvaine. 

99, John Lequear. 30—32, 34—35, William Marshall. 
1801, 03—06, Nathan Stout. 31—32, Cornelius Ludlow. 
01—03, Peter Gordon. 33—34, William H. Sloan. 

04, Hugh Runyon. 33 — 34, Sutphin Garrison. 

04, Ellett Tucker. 33, Andrew Weart. 

05—06, 08, Joshua Wright. 33—34, John W. nine. 

06—14, Aaron Vansyckle. 34, WilUam McKee. 



192 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 





1776 


to 1844 


. 


35—36, 


Joseph Brown. 


38, 


James Snyder. 


35—37, 


John Hall. 


39—40, 


George Servis. 


35—36, 


Wilson Bray. 


39^0, 


Joseph Exton. 


35—36, 


John Blane. 


41, 


Jonathan Dawes. 


36, 


Andrew Larason. 


41^2, 


Leonard H. Flomerfelt. 


37, 


James A. Phillips. 


41—42, 


John B. Mattison. 


37—38, 


David Neighbour. 


41—42, 


Isaac R. Srope. 


37, 43—44, Jonathan Pickel. 


43—44, 


John Swackhamer. 


37, 


John H. HuJman. 


43 — 44, 


John H. Case. 


38—40, 


Philip Hiler. 


43—44, 


Joseph Johnson. 



Mercer County. 



1838—39, Josiah S. Worth. 

38, Robert C. Hutchinson. 
39—40, William Rosco. 

40, James Wilson. 

41, Isaac Baker. 

41, Isaac W. Lanning. 



41—42, John B. Mount. 

42, Isaac Batten. 

42, Henry W. Green. 
43 — 44, Israel J. Woodward. 
43 — 44, Richard J. Bond. 
43 — 44, John Lowry. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, 82—88, 91, 99, 1802, 06—10, 

John Combs. 

1776, Daniel Moores. 06—07, 

76—78, 94—95, 99, 08—10, 

Benjamin Manning. 11, 

77, 79, Matthias Baker. 11, 

77, Jacob Vandike. 11, 17, 

78, 80, Jacob Schenck. 14—15, 

78, Ebenezer Ford. 14, 

79, John Neilson. 16, 
79, Thomson Stelle. 16—18, 

80—82, Jacob Suydam. 17—18, 

80, 88, Melancthon Freeman. 19, 25, 

81, Jacob Martin. 19, 21- 

81—82, John Conger. 19—22, 

83 — 85, 88, James Schuurman. 20 — 26, 

83, Samuel Fitz-Randolph. 

84, Moses Bloomfield. 23—24, 
85—86, 87, 89, James Bonney. 23—24, 
86—87, James Douglass, 27—28, 

89, John Beatty. 28, 

89—90, 92—93, 96, 98, 29, 

Thomas McDowell. 29, 

90—95, Peter Vredenbergh. 29, 

90 — ^92, John Runyan. 30 — 31, 

93, John Rattoone. 30—31, 

94—98, James Morgan. 31—32, 

96, Joseph F. Randolph. 32, 
97—1804, Gershom Dunn. 32, 

97, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 32, 34, 
1800, 14—15, William Edgar. 33, 
1800—01, John Neilson. 33, 
01—06, 12—13, 20, 33, 36, 

Erkuries Beatty. 33—34, 
03 — 10, 12 — 13, James Voorhees. 34 — 35, 

05—06, Andrew Elston. 34—35, 



12—13, 15—16, 18, 27, 
James Parker. 
Alexander Dunn. 
George Boice. 
John Brewster. 
John L. Anderson. 
26, James T. Dunn. 
John N. Simpson. 
Alexander Dunn. 
Hezekiah Smith, 
Allison Ely. 
Frazee Ayres. 
27 — 28, Charles Carson. 
-22, Samuel Edgar. 
25—26, James Cook. 
30—31, 

John T. McDowell. 
James P, Randolph. 
David Schenck. 
Andrew Snowhill. 
Nicholas Booraem. 
Littleton Kirkpatrick. 
Abraham Cruser. 
Josiah B. Howell. 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Charles G, McChesney 
David W. Vail. 
John H. Disborough. 
Simeon Alundy. 
Henry Vandyke. 
John M. Tufts. 
Abraham W. Brown. 
Samuel C. Johnes. 
37, Richard S. Fiel* 
Ralph M. Crowell. 
Elias Runyon. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



193 



1776 to 1844. 



35 — 38, George P. Malleson. 

35, George T. McDowell. 

36, Tbompson Edgar. 

36, William C. Alexander. 
37—38, David B. Appleget. 
37—39, Lewis Golding. 

38, 40, Adam Lee. 

39, Frederick Richmond. 

39, 41, David Dunn. 

39, Cornelius C. Cruser. 



40 — 41, John Acken. 

40, Israel R. Coriell. 

40, Dean Britton. 

41, Frazee Ayres. 

41, Aaron Gulick. 
42—44, John D. Field. 

42, Warren Brown. 

42 — 44, William Patterson. 

42 — 44, William L. Schenck. 

43—44, Joel B. Laing. 



Monmouth County. 



1776, 81—82, 92, 20, 

John Covenhoven. 21 — 24, 

76, Joseph Holmes, Jr. 21—22, 

76—79, James Mott, Jr. 21—27, 

77_78, 86, Peter Schenck. 22, 

77—79, Hendrick Smock. 23, 

79—81, Thomas Seabrook. 24—26, 

80, Nathaniel Scudder. 24—30, 

80—84, Thomas Henderson. 27, 

82—85, Daniel Hendrickson. 28—30, 

83, Peter Covenhoven. 28, 

84—86, 94—95, Elisha Walton. 29—30, 

85—1801, Joseph Stillwell. 29—30, 

87—93, Thomas Little. 31, 33, 

87—89, James Rogers. 31—36, 
90—91, 93—96, John (H.) Imlay.31, 33- 

96, William Wickoff. 31, 33- 

97, 1808, Robert Montgomery. 32, 
97—1800, William Lloyd. 32, 

98, 1800, 08, David Gordon. 32, 
99, Edward Taylor. 34—36, 

1801—07, James Cox. 36, 

01—04, 10—11, Peter Knott. 37, 

01—07, John A. Scudder. 37, 

04—07, 09, Henry Tiebout. 37, 

08, 12—13, Tylee Williams. 37, 

09, Silas Crane. 38—39, 
09—10, 13—14, John S. Holmes. 38—39, 

10—11, 13—14, 19—20, 38—39, 

Thomas Cox. 38—39, 

11, 13 — 14, James Anderson. 40, 

12—13, John Stillwell. 40, 

12—13, 23, 25—28, James Lloyd. 40, 

15 — 16, George Holcombe. 40, 
15—18, 20, Matthias Van Barkle.41— 44, 

15 — 18, Reuben Shreve. 41 — 44, 

17—19, 21, Charles Parker. 41—44, 

18—19, William Ten Eycke. 41—^4, 

19, Jacob Butcher. 41 — 44, 

20, Samuel F. Allen. 

13 



Isaac Hance. 
William I. Conover. 
Corlis Lloyd. 
John T. Woodhull. 
John J. Ely. 
Cornelius Walling. 
Joseph Conover. 
James West. 
James Hopping. 
Daniel H. Ellis. 
Leonard Walling. 
Augustus W. Bennett. 
Ivins (W.) Davis. 
Benjamin Woodward. 
Annaniah GiCford. 
-35, Daniel B. Ryall. 
-36, Thomas G. Height. 
James S. Lawrence. 
Nicholas Van Wickle. 
Elisha Lippincott. 
William Burtis. 
Arthur V. Conover. 
Samuel Mairs. 
Edmund T. Williams. 
Thomas Miller. 
James Gulick. 
James Craig. 
Thomas B. Combs. 
William P. Forman. 
Garret Hiers. 
John Meirs. 
Henry W. Wolcott. 
James Grover. 
Charles Morris. 
Thomas C. Throckmorton 
John R. Conover. 
Joseph Brinley. 
Benjamin L. Irons. 
Samuel R. Ollphant 



194 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 
Morris County. 



1776 — 78, Jacob Drake. 
76—77, 79, 81—90, Ellis Cook. 
76—77, William WoodbuU. 
78 — 79, Abraham Kitchel. 
78, 95, David Thomson. 

79. Alexander Carmicbael. 

80, William Winds. 
80, John Carle. 

80, Eleazer IJndsly. 
81—82, 84, 86—90, 93—94, 97, 
1801—04, 09. 

Aaron Kitchel. 
81—83, 85—88, 91, 95, 
John Starke. 
83, Jonathan Dickerson. 
84 — 85, 89 — 90, Jacob Arnold. 
91—94, 96—98, 1800, Silas Condit, 
91 — 92, Hiram Smith. 

92, John Wurts. 
93—94, 96—97, 1800, 
David Welsh. 

95, John Debow. 

96, John Cobb. 
98—99, 1801—04, 

William Corwin. 
98 — 1800, Cornelius Voorhees. 

99, William Campfleld. 
1802 — 04, Jonathan Ogden. 
04 — 06, Jesse Upson. 
05—09, Lewis Condict. 
05 — 06, George Tucker. 
06 — 08, Nicholas Neighbour. 
07 — 13, Stephen Dod. 
10—14, Jephthah B. Munn. 
10, 13 — 15, Nicholas Mandeville. 
11 — 13, Mahlon Dickerson. 
13, 31, Leonard Neighbor. 
14 — 22, David Thompson, Jr. 
15—16, 19, Benjamin Condit. 
15—16, Ezekiel Kitchell. 
16—18, Samuel Ilalliday. 
17 — 18, John S. Darc.v. 
17, 21—22, 24, 

Benjamin McCurry (Mc- 

Courry). 
18—19, 21—24, 32, 

William Brittin. 
19—20. Silas Cook. 



20—21, 


23, 28-30, 




William Monro. 


20, 


Benjamin Smith. 


22—23, 


25, Ebenezer F. Smith. 


23—26, 


George K. Drake. 


24, 


John Scott. 


25—26, 


Joseph Dickerson. 


25—27, 


Ephraim Marsh. 


26, 35, 


John D. Jackson. 


27, 


David Mills. 


27 


Stephen Thompson. 


27! 


Walter Kirkpatrick. 


28—30, 


Joseph Jackson. 


28—30, 


Charles Hillard. 


28—30, 


John Hancock. 


31, 


Elijah Ward. 


.31, 33- 


-34, Thomas Muir. 


31, 35, 


James Cook. 


32, 


Samuel Beach. 


32, 


Jacob W. Miller. 


32, 


Joseph Smith. 


33-34, 


Joseph Dickerson, Jr. 


33—35, 


Henry Hilllard. 


33—34, 


Silas Lindsley. 


35, 


Isaac Quimby. 


36, 


John A. Bleeker. 


36, 


William Dellicker. 


36, 


Alexander Dickerson. 


36, 


William Logan. 


37—38, 


Lewis Condict. 


37—38, 


Silas Tuttle. 


37—38, 


Eobert C. Stephens. 


37—38, 


Ezekiel B. Gaines. 


30—40, 


Abraham Brittin. 


39—40, 


Ebenezer F. Smith. 


39, 


Jacob Weise. 


39—40, 


Paul B. De Bow. 


40-^1, 


James W. Drake. 


41, 


Samuel B. Halsey. 


41—42, 


William Stephens. 


41, 


Thomas C. Willis. 


42, 


Samuel C. Halsey. 


42, 


David T. Cooper. 


42—44, 


James Clark. 


43-^4, 


John M. Losey. 


43-^4, 


Samuel Willet. 


43—44, 


George Vail. 



Passaic County. 



1837, Aaron S. Pennington. 
37 — 38, Henry M. Brown. 
38—39, Elisha Clarke. 
39 — 40, John F. Kyerson. 

40, James Speer. 

41, George M. Ryerson. 



41, Samuel A. Van Saun. 

42, Martin I. Ryerson. 

42. Adrian R. Van Houten. 

43 — 44, William S. Hogencamp. 

43 — 44, Thaddeus Board. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY 



195 



1776 to 1844. 
Salem County. 



1776, 86, 89, Edmund Wetherby. 

76, Samuel Dick. 

76, Elisha Basset, Jr. 
77, 87 — 89, Benjamin Holme. 
77 — 79, Whitten Cripps. 

77, 82, 84—85, 87—88, 

Thomas Sinnickson. 

78, 80, Allen Congleton, Jr. 
78 — 80, John May hew. 

79, 82, 84—85, Anthony Sharp. 

80, 84, William Smith. 

81, 83, 86, Ephraira Lloyd. 
81—82, 84—85, 87—89, 

Edward Hall. 
81, James James. 
83, Thomas Norris. 
86, 90—91, Samuel Sharp. 
90, John Smith. 
90, Benjamin Cripps. 

91, 93, Bateman Lloyd. 

91 — 95, 98, John Sinnickson. 
92 — 95, 1800, Eleazer Mayhew. 

92, 94, Thomas Clement. 
95—97, William Wallice. 

96, William Parret. 

96, Gervas Hall. 

97, Clement Hall. 

97, 99, 1801, Artis Seagrave. 

98, 1800, Anthony Keasby. 
98 — 99, Joseph Shinn. 
99—1800, Isaac Moss. 

1801 — 04, Edward Burroughs. 

01 — 04, Merryman Smith. 

02—04, Samuel Ray. 

04 — 14, Jeremiah Dubois. 

05 — 06, Charles Jones. 

05 — 06, Hedge Thompson. 

06 — 08, Daniel Garrison. 

06, Daniel Tracy. 
07 — 08, Nathan Ba^sett. 
09—10, 17, Philip Curriden. 
09, 11, John Smith. 

10, Samuel Miller. 

11, Anthony Nelson. 
12—13, Robert H. Van Meter. 
12 — 15, 19, James Newell. 

13 — 14, John Dickinson. 
13, 26 — 27, Henry Freas. 
15—16, Joseph Kille. 

15, 19 — 20, 22, Morris Hancock. 
16—18, Stacy Lloyd. 

16, 18, John Mayhew. 

17, Peter Bilderback. 

18, Thomas Yarrow. 



19, 

20, 30, 
20—21, 

21, 23, 
21, 23, 

22 
22) 
23, 

24—26, 

24—25, 
24, 
26, 

27, 29, 
27, 
28, 
28, 
28, 
29, 

29, 31, 
30, 

4 30, 
31, 
31, 
32, 
32, 

32, 34, 
33, 
33, 
33, 
34, 
34, 

35—36, 
35, 
35. 



37, 

37, 42, 

38, 

38—39, 

38—39, 

39, 

40, 

40, 

40, 

41, 

41, 

41, 

42, 

42, 

43^4, 

43—44, 

43—44, 



Thomas Murphy. 
Zaccheus Ray. 
John G. Mason. 
25, Robert G. Johnson. 
Abraham Swing. 
Jonathan Ricuman. 
John Sinnickson. 
Aaron O. Dayton. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Israel R. Clawson. 
Samuel Clement. 
Benjamin Archer. 
William N. Jeffers. 
Thomas Sinnickson. 
Edward Smith. 
Jeremiah Foster. 
William J. Shlnn. 
Jacob Wick. 
David Hurley. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 
John Summerill. 
James Butcher. 
Isaac Johnson. 
Anthony Nelson. 
James W. Mulford. 
37, Isaac Johnson, 2d, 
Nehemiah Garrison. 
Richard P. Thompson. 
Jacob Hitchner. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Joseph Lippencott. 
Hudson A. Springer. 
Thomas J. Yorke. 
William Cook. 
Woodnut Petit. 
H. J. Fries. 
John Hall. 
John W. Maskell. 
Joseph Hancock. 
John Sumerille, Jr. 
Moses Richman, Jr. 
David Hurley. 
John Dickinson. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Alexander G. Cattell. 
John G. Ballinger. 
William H. Nelson. 
Thomas Flanagan. 
Nathaniel Bobbins, Sr. 
Thomas Dickinson, Jr. 
Samuel Capner. 
Allen Wallace. 
Thomas Bilderback. 



196 



MEMBERS OF ASSEIMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 



SomerNet County. 



1776, Jacob Bogart. 

76, Alexander MacEowen. 

76, Reoloff Vandike. 
77—78, WilUam-Churchill Hous- 
ton. 

77, Alexander Kirkpatrlck. 
77—79, Reoloff Sebring. 

78, 80—81, 84, 

David Kirkpatrick. 
79—88, 94, Edward Bunn. 

79, Henry Vandike. 
80, 84, Christopber Hoagland. 
81 — 82, Jobn Scbuurman. 

82, Deick Longstreet. 

83, Cornelius Ten-Broeck. 

83, 89, Jobn Witberspoon. 

84, 1800—04, 

Frederick Frelingbuysen. 
85—89, 92, 

Robert Blaire (Blair). 
85—87, David Kelley. 

88, John Hardenbergh. 
89, 1812—13, 

Jacob R. Hardenburgh. 
90—91, 93, 95, Robert Stockton. 
90—91, 94—96, 1811—13, 

Peter D. Vroom. 
90—91, James Linn. 

92, William Wallace. 
92—99, 1811, Henry Soutbard. 

93, Jonathan Ford Morris. 
96—1810, 12—14, 

James Van Duyn. 

97, John Stryker. 

98, David Kelly. 
99—1806, 11, 

William McEowen. 



1804, 16—19, 22—23, 

James Stryker. 

04, Jobn Annin. 
05 — 10, Peter I. Stryker. 

07, Samuel Swan. 
08 — 10, Jobn N. Simpson. 
13 — 15, Samuel Bayard. 
13 — 19, Joseph Annin. 

15, Andrew Howell. 

16, Cornelius Van Horn. 
17 — 19, Martin Scbenck. 
20—21, 23—25, Dickinson Miller. 
20—25, 30—31, Jacob Kline. 

20 — 21, John H. Disborough. 

22, Henry Vanderveer. 
24 — 27, James S. Green. 
26 — 27, James D. Stryker. 
26 — 27, 29, Peter D. Vroom, Jr. 
28 — 29, James S. Nevius. 

28, William C. Annin. 

28, Jobn H. Voorhees. 
29—31, Ferdinand S. Scbenck. 
30—31, 35, William Cruser, 
32 — 34, John Brees. 
32—34, William D. Stewart. 
32 — 34, Cornelius L. Hardenburg. 
35 — 36, Nicholas C. Jobs. 

35, William D. McKissack. 
36—38, David T. Talmage. 
36 — 38, Henry Duryee. 
37 — 38, Ralph Voorhees. 
39 — 41, Henry H. Wilson. 
.39—41, Daniel Cory. 
39 — 41, Arthur V. P. Sutphin. 
42 — 44, Samuel Reynolds. 
42 — 44, Peter Voorhees. 
42 — 44, Peter Kline. 



Sus.«iex County. 



1776 — 78, Casper Shaffer. 

76, Abia Brown. 

76 — 77, Thomas Peterson. 

77, Jobn MacMurtie. 

78, Jacob MacCoUum. 

78, Benjamin MacCullough. 

79, Mark Thompson. 
79, 81, Peter Hopkins. 

79, Anthony Broderlck. 

80, Edmund Martin. 
80, Hugh Hughes. 

80, Samuel Kennedy. 

81, Joshua Swayze. 

81 — 84, Isaac Van-Campen. 



82, Isaac Martin. 

82 — 92, Aaron Hankinson. 

83, William Maxwell. 
84 — 89, Charles Beardslee. 

85 — 88, Christopher Longstreet. 
89—90, Jobn Rutherford. 

90, Robert Ogden. 
91 — 92, William Helmes (Helms). 
91 — 92, Bldleman Voluntlne (Val- 
entine). 
9.3—96, 99, William McCullough. 
93—94, Martin Ryerson. 
93—97, Peter Sharp. 

95, George Armstrong 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



197 



1776 to 1844. 



9ft— 97, Peter Smith. 

97, Thomas Armstrong. 
97 — 98, John Gustln. 

98 — 1800, Joseph Gaston. 
98—1806, Levi Howell. 

98, William Runkle. 
99—1802, Silas Dlckerson. 
1800, 04—06, 10—12, 

Joseph Sharp. 
01 — 04, John Linn. 
01 — 04, Abraham Shaver. 
03 — 04, John Johnson. 
04—06, 08—11, 

William Kennedy. 
05 — 06, William Armstrong. 
06 — 08, Henry Ilanklnson. 

06, John Coursen. 
06 — 07, Daniel Harker. 

06, William A. Ryerson. 
07 — 09, Aaron Kerr. 
07—09, John Cox. 
09—11, Richard Edsall. 

10, George Bldleman. 

11, Garret Vlelt. 
12—15, Simon Cortrlght. 
12 — 15, James Davison. 
12—15, Robert W. Rutherford. 
13 — 15, Joseph Sharp. 

16 — 17, Abraham Bldleman. 
16 — 19, Robert C. Thomson. 

16, William Darrah. 

16, Peter Decker. 
17 — 19, George Beardslee. 
17 — 19, Jeremy Mackey. 
18—19, 22—23, 

Thomas Teasdale, Jr. 

20, Jacob Hornbeck. 



20, Abraham Shaver. 

20, Peter Kline. 
20, 23, Joseph Coryell. 

21 — 22, Leffert Haughawoiu. 
21—22, 32—34, 

Benjamin Hamilton. 

21, Jacob Ayres. 

21 — 22, 24, James Kgbert. 

23, Abraham Newman. 
23, 25 — 27, Joseph Chandler. 

24, Daniel Swayze. 
24, Evl A. Sayer. 

24, Joseph Edsall. 

25, Nathan A. Shafer. 
26 — 27, Hiram Munson. 
28—31, Peter Merkel. 

28 — 29, James Evans. 
30 — 31, Simeon McCoy. 
30—31, John Hull. 
32 — 34, Joseph Greer. 
32—33, Peter Young. 
34 — 35, Joshua Shay. 
35—36, John Stnider. 
35 — 36, Joseph Llna. 

36, Benjamin Hull. 
37—38, William J. Willson. 
37 — 38, Isaac Shiner. 
37—38, John Hull. 
39 — 40, Samuel Truex. 
39^0, William H. Nyce. 
39 — 40, Joseph Greer. 
41 — 42, Isaac Bonnell. 
41 — 42, David Hynard. 
41 — 42, Nathan Smltii. 
43 — 44, Jesse Bell. 
43 — 44, Absalom Dunning. 
43—44, Timothy H. Cok. 



AVHrren County. 



1825, 


James Egbert. 


34, 


25, 


Daniel Swayze. 


34—37, 


26, 


Archibald Robertson. 


34, 


26—27, 


Jacob Armstrong. 


35—36, 


27—28, 


Jonathan Bobbins. 


37—38, 


28—29, 


Daniel Vleit. 


37—38, 


29, 


Jacob Summers. 


38—39, 


30, 


Samuel Wilson. 


39—41, 


30—32, 


35—36, 


39^1, 




Caleb H. Valentine. 


40—42, 


30—31, 


Richard Shackelton. 


42—44, 


31, 33, 


Charles SUgi-eavi-s. 


42—44, 


32—33, 


John Rlalr. 


43^4, 


32—33, 


Isaac Shipman. 





Jacob Brotzman. 
George Flumnierfelt. 
Henry Ilanklnson. 
John Young. 
William Larrlson. 
Henry Van Nest. 
Samuel Shoemaker. 
George W. Smyth. 
John Moore. 
Jacob II. Winter. 
Stephen 'Varne. 
Abraham Wildrick. 
Robert C. Caskey. 



198 



STA'I'I'; SIONATOK: 



STATE SENATORS. 

IIY COl'l^TIKS. FIM)»I 1S15 TO IIHS, 



Ailiintlo Coiiiiiy. 



4R-47, 

48— no, 

M— nn. 

84— no. 

60—62, 

68— on, 

66—08. 
60—71, 

45—47. 
48—45). 
BO— m. 
52— na. 
n4— no. 

57—50. 
00— 0-'. 

03— on. 

00— (W. 
60—71. 
72—74. 

45—40, 
47—40. 
50—52. 
n.H— 58. 
50—01. 
OJ. 
63—04. 
65—07, 
68—70. 
71—7;?. 
74—76, 
77—79, 

45. 
46-48. 
40—51. 
52—54. 
55—00. 
61—03. 
64—00. 
67—72. 

45—46. 
47— i5>. 
50—52. 
53—55. 

no— ns. 

5iV— 01. 
02—04. 
05-07. 
68—70. 
71—78. 
74—76. 



Jool A<lnin8. 
l,«nvlB M. Wnlker. 
Josopli K. I'otts. 
Diivltl H. Soiuora. 
IQuooli Conlory. 
Thonum 10. Morris. 
Sninuel Stille. 
Dnvlil S. Hluokninn. 
Jeeso Adnnis. 



72—74. WllUiuu Moore. 
75 — 77. HoHo.n K. Miuldon. 
78—02. Jolin .1. Oardnor. 
03-98. Saiuuol n. HotTnmn. 
00—1001. I.owls lOvfiiiH. 
02—07, Kdwanl S. 1,«h>. 
08—11. Ktlwnnl A. Wilson. 
11—17, WaU««r 10. Etlgo. 



ItorKcn County. 



IMohard H. raullsou. 
Isaac I. llnnllnj!:. 
John Van Hrnnt. 
Abrahiini lloppor. 
Daniel 1>. Deiiew. 
Tlionias 11. HerrlnR. 
Kalph S. Deniarest. 
Dnnlel llolsnian. 
John Y. Paler. 
James J. HrlnkerhofT. 
Cornellns I-vdeekor. 



7n--77, Oeorjro Dayton. 
7S— 80. Cornellns S. Cooper. 
81—83. Isaac Wortenilyke. 
84—85. Ezra Miller. 
80—80. John W. l^opert. 
00— 1>5. Henry I). Wlnton. 
00-1900. William M. Johnson. 
01—11. lOdmnntl W. Wakelee. 
11 — 14, Jae. A. C. Johnson. 
14—17, Ohnrles 0*0. llennessy. 



IturliiiKrton County. 



James S. llnlme. 
Thomas 11. Ivlclumls. 
Joseph Satterthwnlte. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
Thomas Ij. Norcross. 
Joseph W. rharo. 
William (Jarwood. 
("eo. M. Wright. 
Jol> H. (Haskell. 
Henry J. Irlok. 
Barton F. Thorn. 
Caleb a. Rldgway. 



SO — 82. Wm. Bndil Deacon. 

83—85. llezeklah R. Smith. 

SO— 01. William II. Carter. 

02—04. Mitchell R. Perkins. 

05—07, William C. Tarry. 
08—1000. Howard W. Packer. 

01—03. Nathan Haines. 

04 — 00, John G. Horner. 

07 — 00. Samuel K. IJobblns. 

10—13. Orltnth W. lewis. 

13—10, IManclinnl 11. While 

10 10. Han. I, I 15. Wells. 



Cnniden County. 



T^lchard W. Howell. 
Joseph 0. StafToril. 
.Tohn Olll. 

Thomas W. Mulford. 
John K. Ivoberts. 
William P. Tatem. 
James M. Scovel. 
Edward Rettle. 



73—81, William J. Sewell. 

82—84, Albert Merrltt. 

85— S7. Richard N. Herring. 

SS -00. l5eorse PfellTer. Jr. 

01—00. Maurice A. Rocers. 
07 — 1002, Herbert W. Johnson. 

03—12, William J. Bradley. 

T.>— IS. William T. Rend. 



Capo May County. 



Reuben Willets. 
James Ti. Smith. 
Enoch Edmunds. 
Joshua Swnln, Jr. 
Jesse 11. Diverty. 
Downs Edmunds. 
Jonathan F. Leamlng. 
Wllmon W. Ware. 
Leamlng M. Rice. 
ThomaR Beesley. 
Richard S. lieaming. 



77 — 70. Jonathan F. TiCnmiug. 

80—85. Waters R. Miller. 

80—88. Joseph II. Ilanes. 

8J>— 01. Walter S. T-eaming. 

92-04. Temnel E. Miller 

05 — 07. Edmund Ti. Ross. 
08—1003. Robert E. Hand. 

04 — 00, T.ewls M. Cresse. 

07-13, Robert B. Hand. 

13-10, Harry O. Wheaton. 

16 — 10, T.ewls T. Stevens. 



STAT I-: .S i: S A T^j RS. 



199 



Camberland Coantjr. 



4r>— 46, 
47—50, 
151—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
P/>— «2, 

60—71, 
72—74, 



Enoch n. More. 
Stephen A. Oarrlson. 
KeiJb^n Flthlan. 
I>;wl« IJowill. 
John L. 8harT>. 
Nat. Stratton. 
ProvMfjnce Lu'llam. 
Jameft II. Nlzon. 
C. Henry Sbepherfl. 



75—77, J. Howard Wllleta. 
78 — 80, George S. Whltlcar. 
81—86, iKaao T. NloholH. 
87—89, Philip P. Baker. 
90—92, Seaman K. Fowler. 
93— KK)1. E'lward C. StokeH. 
02—11, BlwrnfleW H. Mlnoh. 
11—14, I«aac T. NlchoU, 
14—17, John A. Ackley. 



E«sex County. 



45, JoBeph S. T>rA<\. 
46—48, Stephen R. Grover. 
49—51, ABa Whltehearl. 
52 — 54, Stephen Congar. 
55—57, George K. Chetwoo<l. 
58— ^A CharleB L. C. Glfford. 
61 — 63, JarneH M. Qulnby. 
64—66, John G. TruBflell. 
67—69, JameB L. Hays. 
70—75, John W. Taylor. 
76—78, William 11. Kirk. 



79—81, William H. Francis. 
82—84, William Staln«by. 
85—87, Frederick S. FlHh. 
8»— 90, A. F. R. Martin. 
91—93, Michael T. Barrett. 
94 — 99, George W. Ketcham. 
1900—02, Tho«. N. McCarter, Jr. 
03 — 05, J. Henry Bacheller. 
06 — 00, Everett Colby. 
09—12, Harry V. 0«borne. 
12—18, Austen Colgate. 



Gloucester County. 



45—48, 
49—51, 
52—54. 
55—57, 
5*— «0, 

e,i—e,?,, 

64— «6, 
67—69. 
70—75, 
76—78, 



John C. Smallwoo'l. 
CharleB ReeveB. 
John Burk. 
Joseph Franklin. 
Jeptha Abbott. 
John Plerson. 
Joseph L. ReevcB. 
Woodward Warrick. 
Samuel HopklnB. 
Thomaa P. Matheri. 



79—81, John F. Bodlne. 
82—83, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
84 — 87, Stacy L. PancoaHt. 
88 — 90, Joseph B. Roe. 
91—93, George H. Barker. 
94 — 96, Daniel J. Packer. 
97—1902, Solomon H. Stanger. 
03—05, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
06—09, John Boyd Avis. 
f;0— 18, George W. F. Gaunt. 



Hudson County. 



4.%— 47, 
4&— 49, 

51—53, 

62—65, 
m—PA, 
69—71. 
72—74, 
75—77. 



Richard Ontwater. 

John Tonneie. 
John Cassedy. 
Abraham O. Zabrlskle. 
Moses B. Bramhall. 
C. V. Cllckener. 
Samuel Wentcott. 
Theo. F. Randolfih. 
Charles H. Wlnfleld. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
John R. McPherson. 
I^on Abbett. 



7^—80, Radolph F. Rabe. 
81—83. Elijah T. Paion. 
84—86, William Brlnkerhoff. 
87—89, William D. Edwards. 
&0— 91, 'Edward F. McDonald. 

92, Robert S. Hudspeth. 
92—98, William D. Daly. 
99—1900, Allan L. McDermott. 
01—04, Robert 8. Hudsepth. 
05 — 07, James F. Mlntarn. 
08—13, ••James F. Fielder. 
14 — 17, Charles M. Egan. 



•Mr. McDonald was unseated the last week of the session of 
1890, and William S. Stnhr was given his seat. The first week of 
the session of 1891 Mr. Stuhr was unseated and Mr. McDonald 
resumed his seat. 

••Became Acting Governor March Ist, '13; resigned October 
28th. 



200 



STATE SENATORS. 



Hunterdon County. 



45 — 46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
5&— 58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—79. 



45—50, 
51—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65. 



Alexander Wurts. 
Isaac G. Farlee. 
John Manners. 
Alexander "V. Bonnell. 
John C. Rafferty. 
Edmund Perry. 
John Blane. 
Alexander Wurts. 
Joseph G. Bowne. 
David H. Banghart. 
Fred A. Potts. 
James N. Pldcock. 



80 — 82, Ell Bosenbury. 
83 — 85, John Carpenter, Jr. 
86 — 88, George H. Large. 
89—91. Mobes K. Everitt. 
92—94, William H. Martin. 
95—97, Richard S. Kuhl. 
98 — 1900, John R. Foster. 
01—03, William C. Gebhardt. 
04 — 06, George F. Martens, Jr. 
07—13, William C. Gebhardt. 
13 — 19, George F. Martens, Jr. 



Mercer County. 



69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77. 



Charles S. Olden. 
William C. Alexander. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Jonathan Cook. 
Edward W. Scudder. 
Aug. G. Richey. 
John Woolverton. 
Charles Hewitt. 
Jonathan H. Blackwell. 



78—80, Crowell Marsh, 

81—83, John Taylor. 

84 — 86, George 0. Vanderbllt. 

87 — 92, John D. Rue. 

93—98, William H. Skirm. 

99—1904, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

05 — 07, Barton B. Hutchinson. 

08—14, Harry D. Leavltt. 

14 — 17, Barton B. Hutchinson. 



Middlesex County. 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61. 
62—70, 
71—76, 
77—79, 
80—82, 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60. 
61—63, 
64—71, 

72, 
73—78, 
79—81, 



45—47, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—70. 
71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 



David Crowell. 
Adam Lee. 
Edward Y. Rogers. 
Ralph C. Stults. 
Henry V. Speer. 
Abra. Everitt. 
Amos Robbins. 
Levi D. Jarrard. 
George C. Ludlow. 
Isaac L. Martin. 



83—85, Abraham V. Schenck. 
86 — 88. Daniel C. Chase. 
89 — 94. Robert Adrain. 
95—97, Charles B. Herbert. 
98—1900, James H. Van Cleef. 
01 — 03, Theodore Strong. 
04 — 06, Wm. H. C. Jackson. 
07—13, George S. Silzer. 
13 — 16, William E. Ramsay. 
16 — 19, William E. Florance. 



Monmouth County. 



Thomas B. Combs. 
George F. Fort. 
John A. Morford. 
William D. Davis. 
Robert S. Laird. 
Wm. H. Hendrickson. 
Anthony Reckless. 
Henry S. Little. 
Wm. H. Conover, Jr. 
Wm. H. Hendrickson. 
George C. Beekman. 



82 — 84, John S. Applegate. 
85 — 87. Thomas G. Chattle. 
88 — 90, Henry M. Nevius. 
91—92, Thomas S. R. Brown. 

93, Henry S. Terhune. 
94 — 96, James A. Bradley. 
97 — 1902, Charles Asa Francis 
03—12, Oliver H. Brown. 
12 — 15, John W. Slocum. 
15 — 18, Henry E. Ackerson, Jr. 



John B. Johnes. 
Ephraim Marsh. 
John A. Bleecker. 
Alexander Robertson 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
Daniel Budd. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
George T. Cobb. 
Columbus Beach. 
Augustus W. Cutler. 
John Hill. 



Morris County. 

78 — 80, Augustus C. Canfleld. 



81 — 86. James C. Youngblood. 
87—92, George T. Werts. 
93—95, Ellas C. Drake. 
96 — 98. John B. Yreeland. 
99—1901. Mahlon Pitney. 
02 — 04, Jacob W. Welsh. 
05 — 09, Thomas J. Hillery, 

10, Edward K. Mills. 
11—14. Richard Fltzherbert. 
14—17. Charles A. Rathbun. 



STATE SENATORS. 



201 



61—53, 
54—56, 
57—62, 
63—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 
78—80, 
81—83, 



Samuel Blrdsall. 
Jas. Cowperthwalte. 
William F. Brown. 
George D. Horner. 
John Torrey, Jr. 
John G. W. Havens. 
John S. Schultze. 
Ephralm P. Emson. 
Abram C. B. Havens 



Ocean County. 

84—92, George T. Cranmer. 
93—95, George G. Smith, 
96—98, Robert B. Engle. 
99—1901, George G. Smith. 
02 — 07, George L. Shinn. 
08—09, William J. Harrison. 

10, Thomas A. Mathis. 
11 — 14, George C. Low. 
14 — 17, Thomas A. Mathis. 



Passaic County. 



45—46, 
47^9, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—82, 



45. 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78. 



45, 
46-^8, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60. 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75. 



45—46, 
47-^9, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—73, 
74—76. 



Cornelius G. Garrison. 
Martin J. Ryerson. 
Silas D. Canfield. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Jetur R. Rlggs. 
Benjamin Buckley. 
John Hopper. 
Henry A. Williams. 
John Hopper. 
Garret A. Hobart. 



83—88, John W. Griggs. 
89 — 91, John Mallon. 
92—94, John Hinchliffe. 
95 — 97, Robert Williams. 
98—1900, Christian Braun. 
01 — 06, Wood McKee. 
07—10, John HlnchllCfe. 
10 — 13, John D. Prince. 
13—16. Peter J. McGinnis. 
16—19, Thomas F. McCran. 



Salem County. 



William J. Shlnn. 
Benjamin Acton. Jr. 
John Suramerill, Jr. 
Allen Wallace. 
Charles P. Smith. 
Joseph K. Riley. 
Emmor Reeve. 
Richard M. Acton. 
Samuel Plummer. 
John C. Belden. 
Isaac Newklrk. 
Charles S. Plummer. 



79 — 81, Qulnton Keasbey. 
82—84, George Hires. 
85—87, Wyatt W. Miller. 
88—90, William Newell. 
91—93, James Butcher. 
94 — 96. John C. Ward. 
97—1902. Richard C. Miller. 
03 — 05, James. Strlmple. 
06 — 12, William Plummer, Jr. 
12—13, J. Warren Davis. 
14 — 15, Isaac S. Smick. 
15—18, Collins B. Allen. 



Somerset County. 



George H. Brown. 
William H. Leupp. 
John W. Craig. 
Moses Craig. 
Sami.f-1 K. Martin. 
James Campbell. 
Rynier H. Veglite. 
Joshua Doughty. 
John H. Anderson. 
Calvin Corle. 
li'llsha B. Wood. 



76—78, 

79—81, 

82—84, 

85—90, 

91—93, 

94—96, 

97—190; 

03—05, 

06—12, 

12—18, 



Charles B. Moore. 
John G. Schenck. 
Eugene S. Doughty. 
Lewis A. Thompson. 
William J. Keys. 
Lewis A. Thompson. 
I, Charles A. Reed. 
Samuel S. Chllds. 
Jos. S. Frellnghuysen. 
William W. Smalley. 



Sussex County. 



Benjamin Hamilton. 
Nathan Smith. 
Joseph Greer. 
Isaac Bonnell. 
Zacharlah H. Price. 
Edward C. Moore. 
Peter Smith. 
JosepII S. Martin. 
Richard B. Edsall. 
Samuel T. Smith 



77—79, Francis M. Ward. 
80 — 82, Thomas Lawrence. 
83—85, Lewis Cochran. 
86—88, John A. McBride. 
89—91, Peter D. Smith. 
92—94, John McMickle. 
95 — 97, Jacob Gould. 
98—1903, Lewis J. Martin. 
04 — 13, Jacob Cole Price. 
13—19, Samuel T. Munson. 



202 



STATE SENATORS. 



58—60, 
61—63, 
64:— 65, 
66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 



45. 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54. 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 



John R. Ayres. 
Joseph T, Crowell. 
James Jenkins. 
Philip n. Grier. 
Amos Clarli, Jr. 
James T. Wiley. 
J. Henry Stone. 
William J. Magle. 



Union County. 

79—84, 
85—87, 
88—90, 
91—93, 
94—98, 
99—05, 
06—12, 
12—18, 



Benjamin A. Vail. 
Robert L. Livingston. 
James L. Miller. 
Frederick C. Marsh. 
♦Foster M. Voorhees. 
Joseph Cross. 
Ernest R. Ackerman. 
Carlton B. Pierce. 



Warren County. 



Charles J. Ihrie. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
George W. Taylor. 
Charles Sitgreaves. 
William Rea. 
Philip Mowry. 
James K. Swayze. 
Henry R. Kennedy. 
Abraham Wildrick. 
Edward H. Bird. 
Joseph B. Cornish. 
William Silverthorn. 



79 — 81, Peter Cramer. 

82—84, George H. Beatty. 

85 — 87, James E. Moon. 

88 — 90, Martin Wyckoff. 

91 — 93, Johnston Cornish. 

94_96, Christopher F. Staates. 

97 — 99, Isaac Barber. 

1900 — 1902, Johnston Cornish. 

03 — 05, Isaac Barber. 

06 — 12, Johnston Cornish. 

12 — 18, Thomas Barber. 



♦Became Acting Governor February 1st, 
18th. 



resigned October 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



203 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 

BY COTJIVTIES, FROM 1S45 TO 1915. 



45, 


46, 


47^9. 


50, 


51, 




52, 




53, 




54, 




55, 


56, 


57, 




58, 




59. 


60-62, 




63, 




64, 




65, 


66, 


67, 


68, 


69, 


70, 


71, 


72, 


73, 


74. 


75, 


76, 


T7. 



78, 

79, 80, 

81. 

45, 

45, 
46, 47, 
46, 47, 
48, 49, 
48, 49, 
50, 51, 
50—52, 

52, 
53. 54. 
53. 54, 
55, 56, 
55, 56, 
57, 58, 
57, 58, 



61, 62, 

61, 62, 

63, 64, 

63. 64. 

65. 66, 

65, 66. 
67, 

67, 68, 

68, 69, 

69, 70, 

70, 71, 

71, 72, 



Atlantic 

Joseph IngersoU. 
Mark Lake. 
Robert B. Risley. 
John H. Boyle. 
Thomas D. Winner. 
Daniel Townsend. 
Nicholas F. Smith. 
David Franibes. 
John B. Madden. 
Thomas E. Morris. 
Charles E. P. Mayhew. 
John Godfr'^y. 
Simon Hanthorn. 
Simon Lake. 
P. M. Wolfseiffer. 
Jacob Keim. 
Benj. H. Overhelser. 
Samuel H. Cavileer. 
Lemuel Conover. 
Leonard H. Ashley. 
Israel Smith, 
James Jeffries. 
George Elvins. 



County. 

82, Joseph H. Shinn. 

83, John L. Bryant. 
84, 85, Edward North. 

86, 87, James S. Beckwlth. 

88, James B. Nixon. 
89, 90, Shepherd S. Hudson. 

91, Smith E. Johnson. 

92, Samuel D. Hoffman. 

93, Charles A. Baake. 

94, Frederick Schuchardt. 

95, Wesley C. Smith. 

96, 97, Marcellus L. Jackson. 
98, 99, Leonard H. Ashley. 
1900, 01, Charles T. Abbott. 
02—07, Thomas C. Elvins. 
08, 09. Martin E. Keffer. 

10. Walter E. Edge. 

11. Isaac Bacharach. 

12, 14 — 16, Carlton Godfrey. 

12. 13. 14, Emerson L. Richards. 

13, Joseph W. Salus. 

16, Bertram E. Whitman. 



15, 



William G. Hopper. 
Jacob C. Terhune. 
John G. Banta. 
Jacob J. Brinkerhoff. 
John Ackerman, Jr. 
Henry H. Voorhis, Jr. 
John H. Hopper. 
John Huyler. 
John Zabriskie. 
Jacob I. Demarest. 
Abraham "Van Horn. 
Ralph S. Demarest. 
Thomas W. Demarest. 
Daniel Holsman. 
Aaron H. Westervelt. 
Andrew C. Cadmus. 
Enoch Brinkerhoff. 
John A. Hopper. 
Abram Carlock. 
John R. Post. 
Thomas D. English. 
John Y. Dater. 
Isaac Demarest. 
Abraham J. Haring. 
A. Van Emburg. 
Cornelius Christie. 
Henry G. Herring. 
Eben Winton. 
Henry A. Hopper. 
Jacob G. Van Riper. 



Bergen County. 

72, 73, George J. Hopper. 

73, John J. Anderson. 
74, 75, Henry C. Herring. 
74, 75, John W. Bogert. 
76, 77, John H. Winant. 
76, 77, Barney N. Ferdon. 

78, M. Corsen Gillham. 

78, 79, Southey S. Parramore. 

79, 80, John A. Demarest. 
80. Oliver D. Smith. 

81, 82, Elias H. Sisson. 

81 — 83, 86, John Van Bussum. 

83, 84, Peter R. Wortendyke. 

84, 'Jacob W. Doremus. 

85, Peter Ackerman. 
85, 86, Eben Winton. 

87, 88, Anderson Bloomer. 
87, Peter Ackerman. 

88, 89. Charles^F. Harrington. 

89, 90, Abram De Ronde. 

90, 91, George Zimmermann. 
91, John H. Huyler. 

92, 93, Samuel G. H. Wright. 
92, 93, John J. Dupuy. 
94, Walter Dewsnap. 

94, 95, David D. Zabriskie. 

95, 96, Fred'k L. Voorhees. 

96, 97, Jacob H. Ullman. 

97, 98, Abram C. Holdrum. 

98, 99, John M. Bell. 



•John W. Doremus 
lature convened. 



was first elected, but died before Legis- 



20 4 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



99, 1900, Edmund W. Wakelee. 
1900, Vacancy caused by death of 

John L. C. Graves. 

01, 02, Joseph H. Tillotson. 

01, 02, James W. Mercer. 

03, 04, M. S. Ayers. 

03, 04, George Cook. 

05, 06, Clarence Mable. 

05, 06, John Fleck. 

07, 08, Guy L. Fake. 

'07, 08, James Devine, Jr. 

09, 10, Joseph H. ScharfiC. 

09, 10, Harry P. Ward. 



45, 

45, 

45, 47, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

46. 

47, 

47, 48, 

47—49, 

47—49, 

4»— 50, 

49—51, 

49—51, 

50, 51, 

50—52, 

51—53, 

52, 

52—54, 

52, 53, 

53, 54, 
53, 54, 

54, 

54—56, 

55, 

55, 

55, 57, 

55, 56, 
56, 
56, 

56, 57, 

57, 58, 
58, 

57—59, 
57—59, 

58, 59, 

59, 60, 
59—61, 

60, 61, 
61, 

60—62, 
60—62, 
62, 63, 
62, 63, 
62—64, 



Joseph Satt3rthwalt. 
Isaiah Adams. 
48, John W. C. Evans. 
Edward Taylor. 
William Biddle. 
Clayton Lippincott. 
William Malsbury. 
Garrit S. Cannon. 
Stephen Wlllets. 
Wm. G. Lippincott. 
William Biddle. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
John S. Irlck. 
Benjamin Kemble. 
Edward French. 
Samuel Stockton. 
William R. Braddock. 
William S. Embley. 
William Brown. 
Allen Jones. 
Benajah Antrim. 
John "\v. Fennimore. 
Charles Haines. 
Mahlon Hutchinson. 
Jacob L. Githens. 
Job H. Gaskill. 
William Parry. 
Josephus Sooy, Jr. 
Benjamin Gibbs. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Elisha Gaunt. 
Richard Jones. 
William M. Collom. 
Jervis H. Bartlett. 
Samuel Keys. 
Samuel C. Middleton. 
Charles Alickle. 
Ezra Evans. 
Charles S. Kemble. 
John Larzalere. 
Samuel A. Dobbins. 
George B. Wills. 
Joseph L. Lamb. 
Robert B. Stokes. 
William Sooy. 
John M. Hlgbee. 
Israel W. Heulings. 
Wm. P. McMlchaeL 





11, 




11, 




12, 




12, 


12, 


13, 




13, 


13, 


14, 


14, 


15, 


14, 


15, 




10, 




ic, 




16, 


n < 

63- 


^oun 

-65, 




64, 




65, 


65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 


6G, 


67, 



68—71, 



69- 


-Tl, 




70, 


70, 


'J'l, 


71- 


-73, 




72, 


72- 


-74, 


72- 


-74, 


73, 


74, 




74, 




75, 




75, 




75, 


75- 


-77, 




76. 


76—78, 


76- 


-78, 


77- 


-79, 


78, 


79, 




79, 


79, 


80. 


80—82, 


80—82, 


80, 


81, 




81, 




82, 




83, 


83, 


84, 


83- 


-86, 


84—86, 


85, 


86, 


87, 


88, 


87, 


88, 


88, 


89, 




89, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 



G. R. Alyea. 
Wm. H. Hinners. 
William E. Ogden. 
Frank M. Stevens. 
C. O'C. Henuessy. 
John W. Zisgen. 
15, Arthur M. Agnew 
Edgar A. De Yoe. 
John J. .Johnson. 
James T. Ackerman. 
Herbert M. Bailey. 
Walter G. Wlnne. 



Henry J. Irlck. 
Jarett Stokes. 
Samuel Stockton. 
Charles G. Lathrop. 
George W. Thompson. 
Samuel Coate. 
Andrew H. Fort. 
Wallace Lippincott. 
Chas. E. Hendrickson. 
Charles Collins. 
John J. Maxwell. 
Theophilus I. Price. 
Thomas C. Alcott. 
Levi French. 
Abraham Perkins. 
Edward T. Thompson. 
Robert Aaronson. 
E. Budd Marter. 
George B. Borton. 
Townsend Cox. 
Joseph P. Adams. 
Levi French. 
Charles J. Gordon. 
Henry Moffett. 
Samuel Taylor. 
Daniel L. Piatt. 
John Cavlleer. 
Edward F. Mathews. 
George Sykes. 
Wm. Budd Deacon. 
Wm. R. Lippincott. 
John W. Haines. 
William H. Carter. 
Henry C. Herr. 
Abraham Marter. 
John Cavlleer. 
Thomas M. Locke. 
Horace Cronk. 
87, Stacy H, Scott. 
Theodore Budd. 
Thomas J. Alcott. 
Allen H. Gangewer. 
90, R. C. Hutchinson. 
89, William H. Doron. 
Albert Hansell. 
George C. Davis. 
Mitchell B. Perkins. 
Lewis L. Sharp. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



205 



98. 



92, A. Harry White. 

93, Howard E. Packer. 

93, Mlcajah E. Matlack. 

94, Augustus C. Stecher. 

95, Micajah E. Matlack. 

96, 97, George Wildes. 

97, Joshua E. Borton. 
1900, Joel Horner. 



98—02, Charles Wright. 



01 — 03, John G. Horner. 
03—05, Benj. P. Shedaker 
04 — 06, Samuel K. Robbins. 
06—09, John B. Irick. 
07—09, Griffith W. Lewis. 
10, 11, Warren C. Pine. 
10, 11, 12, Blanchard H. White. 
13, 14, 15, Robert Peacock. 
16, Emmor Roberts. 



Camden County. 





45, 




45, 




46, 




46, 




47, 




47, 




48, 




48, 




49, 




49, 


50. 


51, 


50, 


51, 




52, 




52, 


52, 


53, 




53, 


53, 


54, 


54, 


55, 




55, 


54- 


-56, 




56, 


56, 


57, 




57, 




57, 


57- 


-59, 




58, 


58, 


59, 




59, 




60, 




60, 


60, 


«1, 




61, 


61. 


62, 




62. 


62, 


63, 




63, 


63, 


64, 




64, 


64, 


65, 




65, 


65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 


66. 


67, 




67, 



69, 70, 



Joseph Kay, Jr. 
John Redfield. 
Joel G. Clark. 
Gerrard Wood. 
Edward Turner. 
Joseph B. Tatem. 
John C. Shreeve. 
John E. Marshall. 
Jacob Troth. 
Joseph Wolohon. 
Charles D Hlneline. 
Thomas W. Hurff. 
J. Ka.\. 
Jonathan Day. 
J. O. Johnson. 
Samuel Lytle. 
John K. Roberts. 
Samuel S. Cake. 
James L. Hines. 
Reilcy Barret. 
Evan 0. Smith. 
John P. Harker. 
T. B. Atkinson. 
Joseph M. Atkinson. 
♦Samuel Scull. 
Edmund Hoffman. 
Samuel M. Thome. 
Zebedee Nicholson. 
Joseph Stafford, Jr. 
George Brewer. 
John R. Graham. 
James L. nines. 
Joel P. Kirkbrlde. 
Daniel A. Hall. 
Edwin J. Osier. 
James M. ScotcI. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Samuel Tatem. 
Paul C. Brinck. 
John P. Bodine. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
George W. N. Custls. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Edward Z. Colllngs. 
John Hood. 
James Wills. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 



69, 


70, 




70, 




71. 




71, 


71, 


72 




72,' 


72- 


-74, 




73, 


73, 


74, 




74, 




75, 


75, 


76. 


75—77, 


76, 


77, 




77, 




78, 




78, 


78, 


79, 


79, 


80, 


80, 


81, 


81, 


82, 


81, 


82, 




82, 




83, 




83, 


83, 


84, 




84. 


84—87. 




85, 


85, 


86, 




86. 




87, 




87, 


88, 


89, 


88, 


89, 


88, 


89, 




90, 


90, 


91, 


91, 


92, 


91, 


92, 




93, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94. 




94, 




95, 


95, 


96, 


96. 


97, 


96, 


97, 



William C. Shlnn. 
Samuel Warthman. 
Charles Wilson. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
Stevenson Leslie. 
Fred. Bourquin. 
George B. Carse. 
Isaac Foreman. 
William H. Cole. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Henry B. Wilson. 
79, 80, R. N. Herring. 
Alden C. Scovel. 
Oliver Lund. 
Samuel T. Murphy. 
Isaiah Woolston. 
Andrew J. Rider. 
Alonzo D. Nichols. 
Edward Burrough. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 
Chris. J. Mines, Jr. 
John H. McMurray. 
Robert F. S. Heath. 
George W. Borton. 
John Bamford. 
93, Clayton Stafford. 
John W. Branning. 
Edward A. Armstrong. 
Benjamin M. Braker. 
Henry M. Jewett. 
George Pfeiffer. 
Philip Young. 
Henry Turley. 
Adam Clark Smith. 
90, John Harris. 
George H. Hlggins. 
Franklin C. Woolman. 
92, Abram W. Nash. 
Joseph M. Engard. 
also 73. 74, Wm. H. Cole. 
George W. Henry. 
95, Clayton Stafford. 
William J. Thompson. 
William Watson. 
George W. Barnard. 
97. Louis T. Derousse. 
Frank T. Lloyd. 
Henry S. Scovel. 
John H. McMurray. 



*Id 1857 Mr. Scull was unseated by T. B. Atkinson. 



206 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



98, 99, Edgar J. Coles. 
98—1902, William J. Bradley. 

1900, F. F. Patterson, Jr. 

00, 01, 02, Ephraim T. Gill. 

01, 02, George A. Waite. 
03, 04, John S. Itoberts. 
03—06, Henry S. Scovel. 
03—09, Theodore B. Gibbs. 
05 — 07, Samuel P. Jones. 
07. 08. Frank B. Jess. 



08, 09, Joseph Potter. 

09, 10, Harry R. Tatem. 

10, 11, 12, Albert De Unger. 

10, 11, 12, George W. Wbyte. 

11, 12, 13, Isaac W. Coles. 
13—16, John B. Kates. 

13, James R. Carrow. 
14—16, Garfield Pancoast. 

14, Heury S. Scovel. 

15, 16, Charles A. W.olverton. 





46. 




47, 


48, 


49, 


50, 


51, 




52, 




53, 


54, 


55. 


5&— 58, 


59, 


60, 




61, 


62- 


-64, 


65- 


-67, 




68, 


71- 


-73, 




74, 




75, 


7e— 78, 




45, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 




46, 




47, 




47, 


47, 


48, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


49. 


50, 


50, 


51, 


50. 


51, 


51. 


52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 


55, 


56, 


55, 


56, 




57, 




57, 




58, 


58, 


59, 




59, 




60, 




60, 


61, 


62, 


61, 


62, 


63, 


64, 



Cape 

John Stites. 
Samuel Tovvusend. 
Richard S. Ludlam. 
Nathaniel Holmes, Jr. 
Mackey Williams. 
Joshua Swaim. 
Waters B. Miller. 
Jesse H. Diverty. 
Downs Edmunds, Jr. 
Abram Reeves. 
Jonathan F. Leaming. 
Wilmon W. Ware. 
69, 70, Thos. Beesley. 
Samuel R. Magonagle. 
Richard S. Leaming 
Alexander Young. 
Richard D. Edmunds. 
William T, Stevens. 



May County. 

79, Daniel Schellinger. 

80, 83 — 85, Jesse D. Ludlam. 

81, 82, Furman L. Richardson. 
86, 87, Alvin P. Hildreth. 

88, Walter S. Leaming. 
89, 90, 91, Eugene C. Cole. 
92, 93, 94, Edmund L. Ross. 
95, 96, Furman L. Ludlam. 

97, Robert E. Hand. 

98, Eugene C, Cole. 

99, 1900, Ellis H. Marshall. 
01 — 03, Lewis M. Cresse. 
04—06, 12, Jas. M. E. Hildreth. 
07, 08, 09, Corsville E. Stille. 
10, 11, Christopher S. Hand. 

13. William Porter. 
14, 15, Lewis T. Stevens. 

16, Mark Lake. 



Cumberland County. 



Josiah Sha'v. 
George Heisler. 
Lewis Howell. 
Steplien A. Garrison. 
Leonard Lawrence. 
Jeremiah Parvin. 
Uriah D. Woodruff. 
Reuben Fithian. 
Richard Lore. 
Juhn T. Nixon. 
Benj. Ayres. 
Joel Moore. 
Samuel Mayhew. 
David Campbell. 
Enos S. Gandy. 
Lewis Woodruff. 
Daniel Harris. 
Morton Mills. 
James M. Wells. 
John F. Keen. 
Uriah Mayhew. 
Ellas Doughty. 
Elwell Nichols. 
Robert Moore. 
Aaron S. Westcott, 
Ebenezer Hall. 
John Carter. 
William Bacon. 
J. Edmund Sheppard. 
B. Rush Bateman. 



63, 64, Edward W. Maylln. 
65 — 67, Robert Moore. 

James H. Nixon. 

Thomas D. Westcott. 

C. Henry Shepherd. 

William A. House. 

Charles C. Grosscup. 

George S. Whiticar. 

J. Howard Willets. 

George B. Langley. 

Lewis H. Dowdney. 

George W. Payne. 

Isaiah W. Rlchman. 

Isaac T. Nichols. 

James Loughron. 

Robert P. Ewing. 

Arthur T. Parsons. 

John H. Avis. 

Charles Ladow. 

Philip P. Baker. 

Isaac M. Smalley. 

John B. Campbell. 

Jeremiah H. Lupton. 

Wilson Banks. 

Franklin Lawrence. 

Thomas H. Hawkins. 

Mulford Ludlam. 

Isaac M. Smalley. 
89, Thomas W. Trenchard. 
89, 90, Reuben Cheesman. 



69- 


-71, 


70, 


71, 


72 


73, 


72,' 


73, 




74, 


74, 


75. 


75—77, 




76, 


77, 


78, 




78, 


79, 


80, 


79, 


80, 




81, 


81, 


82, 




82, 




83, 


83, 


84, 


84, 


85, 


85, 


86, 


86, 


87, 




87, 




88, 




88, 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



207 



90, 93, 94, John N. Glaspell. 
91, James L. Van Syckel. 

91, 92, Edward C. Stokes. 

92, 93, Wilber H. Baxter. 
94 — 96, Thomas F. Austin. 
95—97, Bloomfleld H. Minch. 

97, 98, James J. Hunt. 

98, 99, Wilson H. Shropshire. 
99 — 1901, Jesse S. Steelman. 
00, 01, 02, William J. Moore. 



02—06, 


Louis H. Miller. 


03—09, 


B. Frank Buck. 


07, 08. 


Frank B. Potter. 


09, 10, 


Isaac T. Nichols. 


10, 12, 


Albert R. McAllister. 


11, 


Walter B. Turner. 


11, 


E. H. Whiticar. 


13, 


John A. Ackley. 


14—16, 


Raymond Shepi'aril. 



Essex County. 





45, 




45, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46. 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46. 


45, 


46. 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47, 


47, 


48, 


47, 


48, 


47, 


48. 


47, 


48. 


47, 


48. 




48. 


48, 


49. 




49, 




49, 


49, 


50, 


49, 


50. 


49, 


50. 


49, 


50, 




51, 


50. 


51. 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51. 




51, 


51. 


52, 


51. 


52, 




52. 




52. 




52. 




52, 




52. 




52, 


52, 


53, 




53, 




53, 




53, 




53, 




53, 


53, 


54, 


53. 


54, 


53, 


54, 




54, 




54, 




54, 




54, 


54, 


55, 


54. 


55. 




55, 



Isaac Van Wagenen. 
John Runyon. 
William M. Scudder. 
Hugh F. Randolph. 
Jabez Pierson. 
Keen Pruden. 
Alvah Sherman. 
George W. McLane. 
Parker Teed. 
A. S. Hubbeel. 
Jabez G. Goble. 
Francis B. Chetwood. 
Abraham Van Riper. 
Elston Marsh. 
Hugh H. Bowne. 
Charles Harrison. 
Hugh H. Bowue. 
Lewis C. Grover. 
Joel W. Condit. 
Obadiah Meeker. 
William F. Day. 
Stephen Personett. 
Wm. M. Whitehead. 
Isaac H. Pierson. 
Jonathan Valentine. 
David Wade. 
Cornelius Boice. 
Beach Vanderpool. 
John C. Beardsley. 
Thomas McKirgan. 
John M. Clark. 
William M. Sandford. 
Silas Merchant. 
John Munn. 
James S. Bell. 
John B. Clark. 
Stephen Day. Jr. 
Grant J. Wheeler. 
Edward T. Hillyer. 
Charles T. Day. 
Charles O. Bolles. 
Abiathar Harrison. 
Daniel Price. 
William Dennis. 
David S. Craig. 
Daniel H. Noe. 
James N. Joraleman. 
David Ripley. 
Hugh Holmes. 
Daniel D. Benjamin. 
Charles O. Bolles. 





55. 


55, 


56, 


55. 


56. 


55. 


56, 


55. 


56, 




56, 


55, 


56, 




56, 




56, 


56. 


57, 




57. 




57, 




57, 




57, 




57, 




57, 


57. 


58, 


57, 


58, 




58, 




58, 




58, 




58, 




58, 




59. 




59, 




59, 




59, 


59, 


60, 


59, 


60, 


59, 


60, 




60. 




60. 


60, 


61, 


60, 


61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 


61. 


62. 


61. 


62, 


61, 


62, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63. 


62, 


63, 




63, 




63. 


63, 


64, 


63. 


64, 




64, 




64, 


64. 


65, 



Daniel F. Tompkins. 
Nehemiah Perry. 
James A. Pennington. 
Apollos M. Elmer. 
Joseph T. Hopping. 
Warren S. Baldwin. 
Samuel R. Winans. 
James E. Bathgate. 
George H. Doremus. 
Wm. K. McDonald. 
John C. Denman. 
Moses P. Smith. 
John L. Blake, Jr. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Charles L. C. Gifford. 
Elihu Day. 
Charles C. Stewart. 
John C. Thornton. 
Simeon Harrison. 
James McCracken. 
Joseph Booth. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Thomas Kirkpatrick. 
Cashier De Witt. Jr. 
David Ayres. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
David A. Hayes. 
Adolphus W. Waldron. 
James F. Bond. 
Amzi Condit. 
James McCracken. 
J. W. Hale. 
Frederick H. Teese. 
James Wheeler. 
James E. Smith. 
James M. Lang. 
David Oakes. 
John Flintoft. 
George A. Halsey. 
Walter Tompkins. 
Corra Drake. 
John D Freeman. 
John P. Jackson. 
Thomas McGrath. 
Amzi Dodd. 
John C. Littell. 
Adolph Sclialk. 
James Smith. 
Jeremiah DeCamp. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Rufus F. Harrison. 



208 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



65 



Charles A. LIghtplpe. 
Thomas B. Peddle. 
John C. Selffert. 
Bernard Kearney. 
J. B. S. Robinson. 
John H. Landell. 
James D. Cleaver. 
David Anderson. 
William Bodwell. 
John F. Anderson. 
David Ayres. 
James L. Hays. 
Albert P. Condit. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
William H. Murphy. 
Edward L. Price. 
Israel D. Condit. 
Daniel Ayres. 
William R. Sayre. 
M. H. C. Vail. 
Samuel Atwater. 
Edward Hedden. 
Josiah L. Baldwin. 
Josiah Speer. 
James Peck. 
John Kennedy. 
Timothy W. Lord. 
Francis Macken. 
James L. Gurney. 
John Hunkele. 
William W. Hawkins. 
James G. Irwin. 
Joseph F. Sanxay. 
Farrand Kitchell. 
Henry W. Wilson. 
Chauncey G. Williams. 
William R. Sayre. 
Matthew Murphy. 
Albert P. Condit. 
William A. Ripley. 
Edmund L,. Joy. 
Theodore Horn. 
Rochus Helnisch, 
David Anderson. 
Daniel Murphy. 
Moses H. Williams. 
Samuel Wilde. 
Joseph G. Hill. 
Theodore Macknett. 
L. M. Armstrong. 
John W. Campbell. 
Ellas O. Doremus. 
Phineas Jones. 
Aaron G. Baldwin. 
Samuel Morrow, Jr. 
James T. Vanness. 
Moses E. Halsey. 
Thomas S. Henry. 
Julius C. Fitzgerald. 



Jr. 



l'±, 


lU, 




75, 




75, 




75, 




75, 


75, 


76, 




76, 




76, 




76, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


80, 




77, 


77, 


78, 


77, 


78, 


77, 


78, 


77, 


78, 




•78, 




78, 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79,' 


78, 


79, 




79, 


79, 


80, 


79, 


80, 


79- 


-81, 


79- 


-81, 




80, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 


SO, 


81, 




81, 




81, 




81, 


81, 


82, 


82, 


83. 


82, 


83, 




82. 




82, 




82, 




82, 




82, 




82, 




83, 




83, 




83, 




83, 


83, 


84, 


83- 


-87, 




84, 




84, 




84, 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85. 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85, 



William H. Kirk. 
Andrew Teed. 
Hugh Kinnard. 
Patrick Doyle. 
William Carrolton- 
David Dodd. 
Charles H. Harrison. 
Marcus S. Richards. 
Philip W. Cross. 
Albert D. Traphagen. 
Francis K. Howell. 
S. V. C. Van Rensselaer. 
Elkanah Drake. 
James M. Patterson. 
Joseph H. Wightman. 
Gottfried Krueger. 
Charles Gomer. 
James Malone. 
Edward D. Pierson. 
Alexander Phillips. 
Charles Holzwarth. 
Edward W. Crane. 
George S. Duryee. 

82, Wm. H. F. Fiedler. 
Schuyler B. Jackson. 
Charles A. Felch. 
Peter J. Gray. 

83, 89, Jolm Gill. 
Harrison Van Duyne. 
83. Thomas O'Connor. 
♦William H. Brown. 
Elias A. Wilkinson. 
Thos. W. Langstroth. 
William R. Williams. 
Joseph L. Munn. 
William Wright. 
**Chas. G. Bruemmer. 
Michael McMahan. 
John H. Parsons. 
David Young. 
Robert McGowan. 
Roderick Robertson. 
Ulysses B. Brewster. 
Edw'd R. Pennington. 
Adam Turkes. 
Edwin B. Smith. 
Lucius B. Hutchinson. 
James N. Arbuckle. 
.John H. Murphy. 
William Hill. 

93, John L. Armltage. 
93, William Harrlgan. 
Rush Burgess. 
Frederick S. Fish. 
Herman Lehlbach. 
Georse B. Harrison. 
David A. Bell. 
Edward Q. Keasbey. 
William E. O'Connor. 



•In 1880, W. H. Brown was unseated by William R. Williams. 
••Mr. Bruemmer was elected for 1882, but died before Legis- 
lature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



209 



84. 85. 



85, 86, 



86, 


87, 


86, 


87, 


86, 


87, 




87, 




87, 


87, 


88, 


87. 


88, 


87, 


88, 


87- 


-89, 



89, 


90, 


89, 


90, 


89, 


90, 


90, 


91, 


90. 


91, 


90. 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90- 


-92, 


90, 


92, 




91, 


91, 


92, 


91, 


92, 


91, 


92, 




92, 




92, 




92, 




92, 


92, 


93, 




93, 




93, 




93, 




93, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94. 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94. 


93, 


94, 




94, 


94- 


-96. 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 




95. 



95, 96. 



Charlese Holzwarth. 
Franklin Murpby. 
Henry M. Dorenius. 
R. Wayne Parker. 
Augustus F. R. Martin. 
Henry A. Potter. 
Edwin Lister. 
Jacob Schreihofer. 
Charles F. Underbill. 
Elias M. Condit. 
93, John H. Peal. 
Michael T. Barrett. 
Elvin W. Crane. 
James Peck. 
Charles E. Hill. 
James Marlatt. 
Frank M. McDermltt. 
DeForrest P. Lozler. 
Augustus Dusenberry. 
James A. Christie. 
Thomas McGowan. 
Adrian Rlker. 
Joseph Schmelz. 
John Gill. 
Moses Rlgelow. 
Geo. W. Wiedenmayer. 
Richard A. Price. 
92, Leonard Kalisch. 
Reuben Trier. 
George Rabenstein. 
Thomas H. Pollock. 
Charles Trefz. 
John J. Bertram. 
Edward "W. Jackson. 
Thomas Smith. 
Edward H. Snyder. 
Edward M. Taylor. 
John Nieder. 
John R. Hardin. 
George W. Ketcliam. 
Thomas F. Cavanagh. 
James A. Dempsey. 
Benedict Ulrich. 
William L. Glorieux. 
Augustus C. Studer. 
John L. Armitage. 
William J. Kearns. 
John H. Peal. 
Timothy Barrett. 
William Harrlgan. 
Joseph P. Clarke. 
Joseph M. Byrne. 
Thomas A. Murphey. 
Dennis F. Olvaney. 
J. Broadliead Woolsey. 
Thomas P. Edwards. 
Charles B. Duncan. 
John C. Eisele. 
Charles B. Storrs. 
George P. Olcott. 
Frederick W. Mock. 
Amos W. Harrison. 
14 



90, 



97, 



99. 



99, 
99, 
99, 
99, 
99, 



95, 96, Alfred F. Skinner. 
95, 96, James A. Christie. 
95, 96, George L. Smith. 
95, 96, David E. Benedict. 

95, 96, Charles A. Schober. 

96, Hayward A. Harvey. 

96, 97, Thomas H. Jones. 

97, Albert J. Simpson. 

97, James J. Hogan. 

98, Charles W. Powers. 

97, 98, George W. W. Porter. 
97, 98, Edwin F. Steddlg. 

97, 98, Alvin C. Ebie. 

97, George B. Harrison. 
97, 98, Jacob Rau, Jr. 

97, 98, Peter B. Fairchild. 

97, 98, Carl V. Bauman. 

98, Joseph B. Johnson. 
98, Oliver B. Dawson. 

98, William C. Schmidt. 

98, 99, Albert T. Guenther. 

99, John L. BuUard. 
1900, Jacob Clark. 
1900, John W. Weseman. 
1900, John Kreltlcr. 
1900, Frederick J. Deleot. 
1900, G. F. Brandenburgh. 
1900, William Mungle. 
1900, John N. Klein. 
1900, John P. Dexheimer. 

99, 1900, Benjamin F. Jones. 
1900, George S. Campbell. 

00—02, J. Henry Bacheller. 
01, 02, Fred'k Cummlngs. 
01 — 03, Wm. B. Garrabrants. 
01—03, John Howe. 
01—03, Robert W. Brown. 
01—03, Ralph B. Schmidt. 
01—03, Edward E. Gnlchtel. 
01—03. William G. Sharwell. 
01—03, Edgar Williams. 
01—03, Robert M. Bovd. Jr. 
01—03. William A. Lord. 
03—05, Frederick R. Lehlbach. 
03—05. Everett Colby. 
04, 05, William Pennington. 
04. 05, Frederick Manners. 
04, 05, Abraham Kaiser. 
04, 05, Herbert W. Taylor. 
04, 05, John J. Gallagher. 
04, 05, Samuel F. Wilson. 
04, 05, Edward D. Blrkholz. 
04, 05, H. L. Johnstone. 
04, 05, Edward D. DnfTiold. 
06, 08, 09. William P. Martin. 

06, Gustav W. Roeber. 

06. George F. Serbe. 
06. 08, 09, Henry Clay Hines. 

06, Philip C. Walsli, Jr. 

06, Chas. R. Underwood. 

06, Gustav A. Kayser. 

06. Russell M. Everett. 



210 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



06, 


08, 


, 09, Austen Colgate. 




11, 


Edw. D. Balentlne. 


06, 


08, 


, William P. Morgan. 




12, 


, William M. Beard. 




06, 


, Gustav V. Sommer. 




12, 


, Henry F. Holloway. 




07, 


, Edward H. Wright, Jr. 




12, 


Charles G. Linnenkohl. 




07, 


, Simon Hahn. 




12, 


, Mortimer Lowy. 




07, 


, John J. Baadftr. 




12, 


Robert E. Mitchell. 




07, 


Patrick H. Corish. 




12, 


, Frank J. Murray. 




07, 


, Thomas J. Mead. 




12, 


Fred Prout. 




07, 


John C. Groel. 




12, 


Thomas J. Smith. 




07, 


John Breunnlg. 




12, 


William E. Stagg. 




07, 


John W. Lane. 




12, 


Fred G. Stickel, Jr. 




07, 


Edgar E. Lethbridge. 




12, 


Henry J. Thein. 




07, 


Daniel J. Brady. 




12, 


William G. Weigel. 




07, 


Harry F. Backus. 


13, 


14, 


Charles A. Nutting. 


08, 


09, 


Henry Young, Jr. 


13, 


14, 


Bennett H. Fishier. 


08, 


09, 


William Roberts. 




13, 


John J. Bracken. 


08, 


09, 


John F. Clark. 


13, 


14, 


Laurence McCabe, Jr. 




08. 


James H. Lowrey. 




13, 


John A. Matthews. 


08, 


09, 


H. Stacy Smith. 




13, 


William E. Maguire. 


08, 


09, 


August J. Miller. 




13, 


Louis Lewis. 




08, 


Rudolph A. Braun. 


13, 


14, 


Frank A. Foley. 


09, 


10, 


Thomas H. Brooks. 


13, 


14. 


Hubert J. Rowe. 


09, 


10, 


Lewis G. Bowden. 




13, 


Simon L. Fisch. 




09. 


Eliot E. Ford. 




13, 


Joseph F. Papscoe. 




10, 


William Lee. 


13, 


14, 


Joseph B. Bloom. 




10, 


Emil Wohlfarth. 




14, 


James R. Byrne. 




10, 


Thomas Goldingay. 




14, 


Edward C. Eaton. 




10, 


Thomas Gillen. 




14. 


Michael J. Quigley. 




10, 


Robert S. Terhune. 


14, 


15, 


Thomas J. Smith. 




10, 


J. William Huegel. 


14- 


-16. 


E. Morgan Barradale. 




10, 


Coleman E. Kissam. 


14—16. 


W. Clive Crosby. 




10, 


Duane E. Minard. 


15, 


16. 


William P. Berry. 




10, 


Harold A. Miller. 


1.^. 


16. 


Marcus W. De Camp. 




11, 


Harry F. Backus. 


15, 


16. 


Seymour P. Gilbert. 




11, 


John J. Bracken. 


15. 


16. 


Harry D. Johnson. 




11, 


James P. Mylod. 


15. 


16, 


Charles C. Pilgrim. 




11, 


Charles W. Brown. 


35, 


16, 


Edward Schoen. 




11, 


Mark F. Phillips. 


15, 


16. 


Eugene T. Scudder. 




11, 


Michael Leveen. 


15, 


16, 


George M. Titus. 




11. 


M. J. McGowan. Jr. 




15, 


H. Edward Wolf. 




11, 


Frank P. Shalvoy. 




16, 


Herbert J. Buehler. 




11, 


Frank A. Boettner. 




16, 


Paul R. Silberman. 




11, 


Wm. P. Macksey. 












Gloucester County. 


45, 


46, 


Samuel W. Cooper. 




57, 


John H. Bradway. 


45, 


46, 


Benjamin Flardlng. 




57, 


Benjamin Smith. 


47, 


48, 


John B. Miller. 


58, 


59, 


John F. Thomas. 


47, 


48, 


John B. Hilyard. 


58, 


59, 


George C. Hewitt. 




49, 


John Burk. 




60, 


•Joseph Harker. 


49, 


50, 


John Duell. 


60, 


61, 


John Starr. 




50, 


Thomas Gaskill. 


60, 


61, 


•Joseph H. DuflSeld. 




51, 


Edmund Weatherby. 




62, 


Thomas G. Batten. 


51, 


52, 


Benjamin C. Tatem. 


62, 


63, 


Allen Moore. 




52, 


Thomas Mills. 


63, 


64, 


E. C. Heritage. 




53, 


Jo.seph Abbott. 


64, 


65. 


Nathan S. Abbott. 




53, 


John V. Porch. 


65, 


66, 


William D. Wilson. 




54, 


Joseph Franklin. 


66, 


67, 


William W. Clark. 




54, 


Benjamin Beckett. 




67, 


Jacob J. Hendrickson. 


55. 


56, 


Jacob G. Tomlin. 




68. 


Charles T. Molony. 


55, 


56, 


James B. Albertson. 




68, 


Wm. B. Rosenbaum. 



•Mr. Harker died during the session of 1860, and Mr. Duffleld 
was elected to fill the vacancy. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



211 



71, 

73, 
73, 

75, 
76, 

77- 
78, 



70, 
-71, 
72, 
72, 
74, 
74, 
75, 
76, 
77, 
-79, 
79, 
81, 
81, 
82. 



Leonard F. Harding. 
Nimrod Woolery. 
John S. Rulon. 
John R. Middleton. 
Obadiah Eldrldge. 
D. W. C. Hemmlngway. 
Simeon Warrington. 
Thomas B. Lodge. 
Samuel Moore. 
Caleb C. Pancoast. 
Lawrence Locke. 
George Craft. 
Thomas M. Ferrell. 
Abijah S. Hewitt. 



83—85, Job S. Haines. 
86, 87, Joseph B. Roe. 
88—90, James West. 
91, 92, James J. Davidson. 
93—96, Solomon H. Stanger. 
97 — 99, **David O. Watkins. 
1900, 01, William P. Buck. 
02—05, John Boyd Avis. 
06—08, William C. Cattell. 
09, 10, Walter Heritage. 
11, 12, James Lafferty. 

*13, Vacancy. 
14—16, Oliver J. West. 



Hudson County. 



45, 46, 
47, 
48, 
49, 
50, 

51, 52, 
52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
54, 

54, 55, 
55, 
55, 
56, 
56, 

56, 57, 
57, 

57, 58, 
58, 

58—60, 
59. 



61, 
61, 

61, 62, 
62, 

62, 63, 
62, 63, 

62. 63, 
62—64, 

63, 64, 

63, 64, 
64, 

64, 65, 

64, 65, 
65, 
65. 
65, 

65, 66, 



Hartman Van Wagenen. 
Benjamin F. Welsh. 
Oliver S. Strong. 
Jas. J. Van Boskerck. 
Edward T. Carpenter. 
John Van Vorst. 
Edmund T. Parker. 
Joseph W. Hancox. 
John Dunn Littell. 
James S. Davenport. 
Jacob M. Vreeland. 
Clement M. Hancox. 
Aug. F. Hardenbergh. 
Jacob M. Merseles. 
Dudley S. Gregory, Jr. 
John M. Board. 
John D. Ward. 
James T. Hatfleld. 
George V. De Mott. 
Robert Gilchrist, Jr. 
Robert C. Bacot. 
William Voorhees. 
Garret M. Van Horn. 
Wm. H. Hemenover. 
Samuel A. French. 
W. H. Peckham. 
N. C. Slaight. 
Franklin B. Carpenter. 
Theo. F. Randolph. 
Michael J. Vreeland. 
Edward D. Relley. 
George McLaughlin. 
Josiah Conley. 
John B. Perry. 
Joshua Benson. 
James Lynch. 
Garret D. Van Relpen. 
John B. Drayton. 
John Van Vorst. 
Abraham W. Duryee. 
Delos E. Culver. 
William E. Broking. 
Hiram Van Busklrk. 
69, 70, Leon Abbett. 



66. 



66, 


67, 


66, 


67. 


66—68. 


67, 


68, 


67, 


68, 


67. 


68, 




68, 


68, 


69, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70, 




69, 


69, 


71, 




70, 




70, 


70, 


71, 




71, 




71, 




71, 




71, 




72, 




72, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 


72. 


73, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 




73, 


73, 


74, 




74, 




74, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75, 


74—76, 


74—77, 




75, 




75, 


75, 


76, 




76, 




76, 




76, 



John Ramsay. 
Charles F. Ruh. 
O. D. Falkenburg. 
De Witt C. Morris. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
Hosea F. Clark. 
A. O. Evans. 
John Dwyer. 
John Van Vorst. 
Henry C. Smith. 
Sidney B. Bevans. 
James B. Doremus. 
Elbridge V. S. Besson. 
Michael Coogan. 
Abel I. Smith. 
William Brinkerhoff. 
Herman D. Busch. 
James F. Fielder. 
John Anness. 
George Warrin. 
Josiah Hornblower. 
James Stevens. 
John A. O'Neill. 
George H. Farrier. 
Dennis Reardon. 
George S. Plympton. 
Henry Gaede. 
Jasper Wandel. 
Anthony J. Ryder. 
John Lee. 

Richard C. Washburn. 
Henry Coombs. 
James K. Selleck. 
Alexander T. McGlll. 
Patrick Sheeran. 
Alexander McDonnell. 
John D. Carscallen. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 
Thomas Carey. 
Edward F. McDonald. 
John J. Toffey. 
William A. Lewis. 
Harry Brautigam. 
Thomas C. Brown. 



►Vacancy caused by death of Edward C. Leeds. 
'♦Became Acting Governor in '98. 



212 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



76, 


77, 


Thomas J. Hannon. 


86, 


87, 


76, 


78 


Alex. Jocobus. 




87, 




77 


Martin M. Drohan. 


87, 


88, 




77 


Lewis A. Brlgham. 


87- 


-89, 




77 


Elijah T. Paxton. 


87- 


-90, 


77, 


78 


Marmaduke Tilden. 




88, 


77, 


78 


Alexander W. Harris. 




88, 


77, 


78 


James Stevens. 




88, 




78 


Dudley S. Steele. 


88, 


89, 




78 


Edward P. C. Lewis. 


88, 


89, 


78, 


79 


81, T. J. McDonald. 


88, 


89, 


78, 


79 


Henry Dusenberry. 




89, 




79 


John Owen Rouse. 




89, 




79 


Frank C. Prey. 


89, 


90, 




79 


G. A. Lilliendahl. 


89, 


92, 




79 


John E. Tangeman. 




90, 


79, 


80 


Joseph Meeks. 




90, 


79, 


80 


Samuel Stilsing. 




90, 




80 


Patrick Sheeran. 


90, 


91, 


80, 


81 


Noah D. Taylor. 


90, 


91, 


80, 


81 


Allan L. McDermott. 


90, 


91, 


80, 


81 


J. Herbert Potts. 


90, 


91, 


80, 


81 


James Curran. 


90—92, 


80, 


82 


David W. Lawrence. 




91, 




81 


Frederick Payne. 




91, 


81, 


82 


James J. Casey. 




91, 




82 


William McAdoo. 




91, 




82 


Robert McCague, Jr. 


91, 


92, 




82 


George H. Farrier. 




92, 




82 


David M. Durrell. 




92, 




82 


John O'Rourke. 




92, 


82, 


83 


Thomas V. Cator. 


92, 


93, 


82- 


-84 


James C. Clarke. 


92, 


93, 


82- 


-84 


Dennis McLaughlin. 


92, 


93, 




83 


Peter F. Wanser. 


92- 


-94. 




83 


John M. Shannon. 


92—94, 


83, 


84 


Martin Steljes. 




93, 


83, 


84 


Augustus A. Rich. 




93, 


83, 


84 


Frank 0. Cole. 




93, 


83, 


84 


Joseph T. Kelly. 


93, 


94, 


83- 


-85 


Edwin 0. Chapman. 


93, 


94, 




84 


Michael J. O'Donnell. 


93, 


94, 


84, 


85 


Cornelius S. See. 




94, 


84, 


85 


87, 88, S. D. Dickinson. 




94, 




85 


Thomas H. Kelly. 




94, 




85 


Isaac Romaine. 




94, 




85 


John W. Heck. 




94, 




85 


James J. Clark. 


94, 


95, 




85 


John Wade. 




95, 




85 


Fred Frambach, Jr. 




95, 


85, 


86 


John C. Besson. 




95, 




86 


R. B. Seymour. 




95, 




86 


D. A. Peloubet. 




95, 




86 


A. B. Dayton. 




95, 




86 


T. J. McDonald. 


95, 


96, 


86, 


87 


Philip Tumulty. 


95, 


96, 


86, 


87 


John Pearson. 


95, 


96, 


86, 


87 


89, R. S. Hudspeth. 


95, 


96, 


86, 


87, 


Thomas F. Noonan. 




96, 



Edward Lennon. 
Edward T. McLaughlin. 
William H. Letts. 
John P. Feeney. 
Wm. C. Heppenheimer. 
Joseph Gallagher. 
Charles W. Fuller. 
•E. Frank Short. 
James F. Norton. 
Richard Brown. 
Edward P, Farrell. 
Peter T. Donnelly. 
Judson C. Francois. 
Laurence Fagan. 
Patrick H. O'Neill. 
James Murphy. 
James S. Erwin. 
John F. Kelly. 
Michael Mullone. 
Henry Byrne. 
Andrew J. Boyle. 
Thomas B. Usher. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
Simeon H. Smith. 
Henry Puster. 
John F. Madden. 
William D. Daly. 
James Moylan. 
Thomas Magner. 
James Tumilty. 
George A. Heaney. 
Martin Lawless. 
Cornelius J. Tahen. 
John Zeller. 
Timothy J. Carroll. 
Michael J. Coyle. 
Henry H. Holmes. 
Adam J. Dittmar. 
S. V. W. Stout. 
Ebenezer Berry. 
Max Salinger. 
Hugh A. Kelly. 
Thomas Egan. 
George W. Harding. 
John Kerr. 
Thomas McEwan, Jr. 
Charles Erlenkotter. 
James Usher. 
Henry C. Gruber. 
James F. Blackshaw. 
Henry M. Nutzhorn. 
Frederick Schober. 
Robert McAndrew. 
William E. Drake. 
William N. Parslow. 
Pierce J. Fleming. 
Richard M. Smart. 
David H. Cagney. 
Carl H. Ruempler. 



♦Mr. Short was elected to a second term of 
before the Legislature met. Mr. Francois ws 
racancy. 



i ^e, but he died 
chosen for the 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



213 



96, John W. Queen. 
96, John E. Hewitt. 
96, Edward Hoos. 

96, Joseph P. Mullin. 
96, 98, Horace L. Allen. 
96, 98, Charles T. Bauer. 

97, Elmer W. Demarest. 
97, William M. Klink. 
97, Robert D. Urquhart. 
97, Isaac F. Goldenhorn. 
97, William G. Nelson. 
97, John E. McArthur. 
97, Theodore C. Wildman. 
97, Charles M. Evans. 

97, Clement DeR. Leonard. 
97, William H. Dod. 

97, Wm. O. Armbruster. 

98, Alexander Simpson. 
98, Adolph Walter, Jr. 

98—1900, Allan Benny. 
98 — 1900. James J. Murphy. 
98, 99, James P. Hall. 
98, 99, Fergus T. Kelaber. 
98, 99, Michael J. Bruder. 

98, 99, John J. Maruell. 
98—1900, Tim. J. Carroll. 

99, 1900, J. Emil Walscbeid. 
99—1901, Leon Abbett. 
99—1901, Maurice Marks. 
99—1901, John H. Vollers. 
1900, 01, P. Anthony Brock. 
00—02, Geo. G. Tennant. 

00, 01, 02, John J. Fallon. 

00, 01, 02, Edward J. Rice. 

01, 02, John A. Dennin. 

01, 02, Patrick H. Connolly. 

01, 02, Kilian V. Lutz. 
01—03, Peter Stillwell. 

02, William F. Hurley. 

02, 03, C. G. A. Schumann. 

02, 03, John J. Treacy. 

02 — 03, Frederick Weismann. 
02 — 05, James A. Hamill. 

03, Michael J. Cannon. 
03—05, Joseph C. Duff. 

03, 04, William D. Kelly. 
03, 04, James F. Fielder. 
03, 04, J. W. Rufus Besson. 
03—05, Edgar H. Loreridge. 

03, 04, Thomas P. McGlennon. 

04, 05, Myron C. Ernst. 

04, 05, Godfrey B. Mattheus. 
04, 05, Harry W. Lange. 

04, 05, John Gallery. 

04, D. Kelsey Whltaker. 

05, Archibald S. Alexander. 
05, Edward A. Murphy. 

05, Joseph A. Riordan. 

05, William J. Boucher. 

05, 06, Robert H. Scott. 

06, John J. Coyle. 





06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 




07, 




07, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


08, 


09, 


08, 


09, 


09, 


10, 


09, 


10, 


09, 


10, 




09, 


10, 


11, 


10- 


-13, 


10, 


11, 


11, 


12, 


11, 


12, 


11- 


-13, 


11, 


12, 




11, 


11, 


12, 


12, 


13, 




12, 


12, 


13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 




13, 




13, 


13, 


14, 


14, 


16, 


14, 


16, 




14, 




14, 


14, 


16, 




14, 




14, 




15, 




15, 




15, 




15, 




15, 




15, 



Joseph F. Galvin. 
William A. Joerg. 
James E. Woolley. 
Edward K. Patterson. 
E. W. Arrosmith, 
Herman A- Berg. 
J. Philip Dippel. 
John H. Eggers. 
Harry F. Thompson, 
Theodore L. Bierck. 
09, 10, Mark A. Sullivan. 
09, 10, Charles P. Olwell. 
09, 10, Jos. P. Tumulty. 
09, 10, James Baker. 
C. E. Hendrickson, Jr. 
Charles H. Blohm. 
Joseph A. Riordan. 
Archibald S. Alexander. 
Philip Daab. 
09, 10, 

Oscar L. Auf der Heide. 

09, Albert C. Eppinger. 
Valentine Holzapfel. 
Amadeus Valente. 

10, 11, Edw. Kenny. 
W. C. Kackenmester. 

11, 12, Wm. S. Davidson. 

11 , 12, Peter H. James. 
Frederick H. Otto. 
James H. Christie. 

15, 16, James C. Agnew. 

12, Cornelius Ford. 
Thomas M. Donnelly. 

13, Charles M. Egan. 

15, Thomas F. Martin. 

14, Thos. F. A. Griffin. 
James J. McGrath. 
Chas. E. S. Simpson. 

14, Joseph M. Branegan. 
Geo. F. Brensinger. 
Philip Steuerwald. 
Magnus Bredenbek. 
Arthur F. McGrath. 

16, Harry Kuhlke. 
Thomas C Mulligan. 

Henry W. Moser. 
Daniel J. Murray. 
Walter L. McDermott. 
George J. Brackner. 
Joseph Carroll. 
Thomas P. Curran. 
Clinton E. Fisk. 
Thomas G. Gannon. 
Dennis Long. 
Joseph P. Mulligan. 
Francis P. Boland. 
Charles C. Colgan. 
Frank A. Dolan. 
Archibald M. Henry. 
Frank A. La Pointe. 
Jacob J. Singer. 



:]4 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 





15, 


Leo S. Sullivan. 




16, 


John J. Dugan. 




15, 


Edward C. Zeiger. 




16, 


Dennis Dunn, Jr. 




15, 


Charles W. Ostrom. 




16, 


Charles H. Felten. 




15, 


Ul.vsses G. Borden. 




16, 


Allan W. Moore. 




16, 


Timotli.v F. Aaron. 




16, 


Alexander Simpson. 




16, 


Charles F. Dolan. 












Hunterdon County. 




45, 


John Swackhamraer. 


65, 


66, 


James J. Willever. 




45, 


Amos Moore. 


G5- 


-67, 


William I. Iliff. 




45, 


John II. Case. 


66, 


67, 


Richard H. Wilson. 


45, 


48, 


49, Jonathan Pickel. 


67, 


68, 


Baltes Pickel, 




46, 


Henry Stevenson. 


68, 


69, 


John Williamson. 


46, 


47, 


Isaac R. Srope. 


68- 


-70, 


Theodore Probasco. 


46, 


47, 


Joseph Fritts. 


69, 


70, 


John P, Lare, 


46, 


47, 


Frederick Apgar. 


70, 


71, 


John Kugler. 


47—49, 


John Lambert. 


71, 


72, 


Peter Voorhees. 


48, 


49, 


Andrevir Banghart. 


71, 


72, 


Aug. E. Sanderson. 


48. 


49, 


David Van Fleet. 


73, 


74, 


W. L. Hoppock. 


50, 


51, 


John Marlow. 


73, 


74, 


John Carpenter, Jr. 


50, 


51, 


Luther Opdycke. 


75, 


76, 


James Bird. 


50, 


51, 


William Tlnsman. 


75, 


76, 


William W. Swayze 


50- 


-52, 


John R. Young. 


77, 


78, 


Henry Britton. 




52, 


Hiram Bennett. 


77, 


78, 


John Hackett. 


52, 


53, 


Peter H. AlJer. 


79, 


80, 


Charles W. Godown. 


52, 


53, 


Andrew Vausickle. 


79, 


80, 


James N. Ramsey, 


53, 


54, 


John Lambert. 


81, 


82, 


George H, Mathews. 


53, 


54, 


Samuel H. Eritton. 


81, 


82, 


Jacob Hipp. 


54, 


55, 


Lewis Young. 


83, 


84, 


John V. Robblns. 


54, 


55, 


Peter E. Voorhees. 


83, 


84, 


W, Howard Lake. 




55, 


Jacob S. C. Pittenger. 


85- 


-87, 


John C, Arnwine. 




55. 


Edward Hunt. 


85- 


-87, 


Chester Wolverton. 


56, 


57, 


.William Sergeant. 


88- 


-90, 


William H. Martin. 


56, 


57, 


John M. Voorhis. 


88—90. 


Laurence H, Trimmer. 


56, 


57, 


Joseph W. Willever. 


91, 


92, 


William B. Niece. 


56, 


57, 


John P. Rittenhouse. 


91- 


-93, 


Benjamin E. Tine. 


58, 


59, 


John H. Horn. 




93, 


J. L. Chamberlin. 


58, 


59, 


William Snyder. 


94, 


95, 


Charles N. Redding, 


58, 


59, 


Cornelius B. Sheets. 


94- 


-96, 


William C. Alpaugh. 


58, 


59, 


Frederick Apgar. 


96—98. 


David Lawshe. 




60, 


Thos. Banghart, Jr. 


97- 


-99, 


George F. Martens, Jr. 


60, 


61, 


Charles Denson. 


99—01, 


Oliver I. Blackwell. 


60, 


61, 


Ambrose Barcroft. 


00—02, 


W. A, Laudenberger, 


60, 


61, 


D. D. Schomp. 


03—05, 


James H, Willever. 


61, 


62, 


Jacob H. Hufifman. 


06—08, 


12, 13, 14, 


62, 


63, 


S. R. Huselton. 






Oliver C. Holcombe. 


62- 


-64, 


Joseph W. Wood. 


09- 


-11, 


John J, Matthews. 


63, 


64, 


David H. Banghart. 


15, 


16, 


Harry J. lobst. 


64, 


65, 


David B. Boss. 












Mercer 


County 






45, 


Israel J. Woodward, 




50, 


John F. Hageman. 




45, 


Richard J. Bond. 


50, 


51, 


John H, Phillips, 




45, 


♦John Lowrey. 




51, 


Eli Rogers. 


46, 


47, 


Isaac PuUen. 




51, 


Westley P. Danser. 


46, 


47, 


John M. Vancleve. 




52, 


William Napton. 


46, 


47, 


William White. 




52, 


John C. Ward. 




48, 


Samuel C. Cornell. 




52, 


Jeremiah Vandyke. 


48, 


49, 


James M. Redmond. 




53, 


Abner B, Tomlinson. 


48—50, 


Josiah Buzby. 




53, 


Elijah L. Hendrickson, 




49, 


John R. Dill, 
ed in office. 




53, 


Randal C, Robbins, 




♦Dl 





ASSEMBLYMEN. 



215 





54, 




54, 




54, 




55, 




55, 




55, 




56, 


56, 


, 57, 


56. 


57, 


57, 


58, 




58, 


58. 


59, 




59, 


59, 


60, 




60, 


60, 


61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 




62, 


62, 


63, 




63, 


63, 


64, 




64, 


64, 


65, 


65, 


66, 


65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 




67, 


67, 


71, 




68, 




68, 


68, 


69, 




69. 


69, 


70, 




70, 


70, 


71, 




71, 




72, 




72, 


72. 


73, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74, 


74, 


75, 




75, 




75, 




76, 




76, 




76, 




77, 




77, 


77. 


78, 


78, 


79. 


78, 


79, 




79, 


80, 


81. 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 


45, 


46. 


45, 


46. 


45, 


46. 


45, 


46, 



, James H. Hill. 
, Franklin S. Mills. 
Runey R. Forman. 
James Vandeventer. 
William Jay. 
Garret Schenck. 
Samuel Wooley. 
Geo. R. Cook. 
Andrew Butcher. 
Jacob Van Dyke. 
Jonathan S. Fish. 
Augustus L. Martin. 
Robert Aitken. 
Ed. T. R. Applegate. 
Harper Crozer. 
Joseph Abbott. 
William S. Yard. 
Morgan F. Mount. 
John G. Stevens. 
Geo. W. Johnston. 
Peter Crozer. 
James G. West. 
James F. Bruere. 
John A. Weart. 
Alex. P. Green. 
Samuel Fisher. 
Thomas Crozer. 
Charles W. Mount. 
Joseph H. Bruere. 
Thomas J. Corson. 
Thomas C. Pearce. 
Absalom P. Lanning. 
John P. Nelson. 
James C. Norris. 
Charles O. Hurtnut. 
William H. Barton. 
Llscomb T. Robbins. 
Richard R. Rogers. 
John H. Silvers. 
Alfred W. Smith. 
John N. Lindsay. 
Andrew J. Smith. 
Geo. O. Vanderbilt. 
Samuel M. Youmans. 
Robt. S. Woodruff, Jr. 
Enoch II. Drake. 
John Hart Brewer. 
Robert L. Hutchinson. 
William S. Yard. 
J. Vance Powers. 
Horatio N. Burroughs. 
82, Eckford Moore. 
John D. Rue. 
William Roberts. 
Charles S. Robinson. 
Richard A. Donnelly. 
John V. D. Beekman. 



90. 



82, 83, Nelson M. Lewis. 

82, 83, William J. Convery. 

83, 84, Joseph H. Applegate. 

84, 85, A. Judson Rue 
84, 85, John Camiuade. 

85, BenJ. F. Chambers. 
86, 87, S. B. Hutchinson. 

86, James C. Taylor, Jr. 

86, William Ossenberg. 

87, Frederick Walter. 

87, George D. Scudder. 

88, Charles H. Olden. 
88, Joslah Jones. 

88, Lyman Leavitt. 

89, Uriel T. Scudder. 

89, Thomas S. Chambers. 
89, 90, John Schroth. 

90, Howell C. Stull. 

91, Jacob R. Wyckoff. 
91, James H. Mulheron. 

91, 92, Patrick T. Burns. 

92, 93, James W. Lanning. 
92, 93, Barton B. Hutchinson. 

93, Charles G. Roebling. 
94, 95, William L. Wilbur. 
94, 95, John Ginder. 
94, 95, William T. Exton. 
96, 97, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 
96, 97, Geo. W. Macpherson. 
96, 97, J. WIggans Thorn. 

98, Frank M. Weller. 
98, 99, John B. Yard. 

98, 99, Henry J. Nicklin. 

99, 1900, Ira W. Wood. 
1900, 01, J. Warren Fleming. 
1900, 01, Frederick P. Rees. 

01, 02, George W. Page. 

02, 03, Harry D. Leavitt. 
02, 03, Bertrand L. Gulick. 

04, Thomas Colclough, Jr. 

05, Ralph Hulse. 
05, Thomas B. DeCou. 
07, Alfred N. Barber. 

06 — 08, Henry D. Thompson. 
06. 07. William F. Burke. 

Edward H. Ginnelley. 

10, George W. Housel. 

Charles H. Mather. 

Allan B. Walsh. 

11, 12, 13, George W. Adams. 

12, John E. Gill. 

12, 14, 15, Edgar G. Weart. 

13, Erwin E. Marshall. 

13, 14, Hervey S. Moore. 
14 — 16, James Hammond. 



03, 
04, 
04, 
05- 



08, 09, 
08, 09, 
09—11, 
10, 11. 



16, A. Dayton Oliphant. 
16, Josiah T. Allinson. 



Middlesex County. 



46, Simeon W. Phillips. 
Ralph C. Stults. 
Daniel C. Dunn. 
Charles Abraham. 



47. 



47, Garret G. Voorhees. 
47, Theodore F. King. 

47, John A. Davison. 

48, Richard McDowell. 



216 



assp:mrlymen. 





48, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 




49, 


49, 


50, 




50, 




50, 




50, 




51, 




51, 




51, 


51, 


52. 




52, 


52, 


53, 


53- 


-55. 


53, 


54, 


54, 


55, 


55, 


56. 




56, 


56, 


57, 




57, 


57, 


58, 


58, 


59. 


58— fiO, 




59, 


60, 


61, 


60, 


61. 


61, 


62, 




62, 


62, 


63. 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64. 


64, 


65. 




65, 


65- 


-67. 


66, 


67, 


66, 


67, 




6S. 


68. 


69. 


68, 


69. 




70. 


70, 


71. 




71. 


71- 


-73, 




72, 


72, 


73, 




73, 




74, 




74, 


74, 


75, 




75, 




75. 




76. 


76. 


77. 


76, 


77, 




77. 


78. 


79. 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79. 




80, 



Melancton P. Carman. 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Aaron Gulick. 
William A. Gulick. 
James Bishop. 
Henry Vandyke. 
Charles Abraham. 
Israel R. Corlell. 
David Dunn. 
Peter F. Dye. 
J. B. Johnson. 
Robert M. Crowell. 
James Applegate. 
Josephus Shann. 
Martin A. Howell. 
Abraham Everett. 
Samuel E. Stelle. 
William Hutchinson 
John T. Jenkins. 
Amos Robbins. 
Henry Stults. 
John D. Buckelew. 
Garret I. Snedeker. 
Ellis B. Freeman. 
Andrevr 'McDowell. 
Thomas P-ooraem. 
Elias D.-y. 
Elias Ross. 
Orlando Perrine. 
James T. Crowell. 
Miles Ross. 
David B. Wyckoff. 
Abraham C. Coriell. 
James G. Goble. 
69. 70. Tpvi T>. jFirrard. 
Nathan H. Tyrell. 
John W. Perrine. 
Gporffp E. Strong. 
Alfred W. Jones. 
William M. Cox. 
Georpre E. Brown. 
Albert L. Runyon. 
Edward F. Roberts. 
Isaac L. Fischer. 
Johnston Holcombe. 
Joseph C. Letson. 
H. F. Worthinston. 
John Von Denrsen. 
John F. Ten Broeck. 
Jose)ih C. Magee. Jr. 
.Tames H. Van Cleef. 
Josephus Shann. 
Isaiah Rolfe. 
Charles A. Campbell. 
Daniel Z. Martin. 
.John Waldron. 
Isaac L. Martin. 
Patrick Conver.v. 
Vincent W. Mount. 
Robert G. Miller. 



80, 
81, 
81, 



84, 
84, 
85. 



80, John M. Board. 

81, Stephen M. Martin. 

82, James H. Van Cleef. 

83, Manning Freeman. 
82, John Adair. 

82, 83, James H. Goodwin. 

83, 84, William R. Jernee. 
Edward S. Savage. 
Robert Carson. 
John Martin. 

86, 87, John F. Ten Broeck. 

86, 87, R. R. Vandenbergh. 

87, 88, John Mulvey. 

88, 89, Ephralm Cutter. 
88, 89, Charles B. Herbert. 

Daniel M. Kane. 

Luther H. Tappen. 

William C. Jacques. 

Charles H. Manahan. 

John H. Daly. 

Hezeklah Warne. 

John W. Beekman. 
94, William F. Harkins. 
94 — 96, Andrew H. SI over. 
95, 96, Edward W. Hicks. 
95, 96. Georsp H. Tice. 

97. Alexander ("". LItterst. 
97, Jacob H. Whitfield. 
97, James Fountain. 
98, 99, Adam Eckert. 
98. 99, Joseph H. RIdgeway. 
98. 99. John J. Quald. 
1900, 01, Adrian Lyon. 
1900. 01. H. Raymond Groves. 
00—03, J. E. Montgomery. 

02, Myron J. Whitford. 

03, W. H. C. Jackson. 
03, Bernard M. Gannon. 
05, J. H. Thayer Martin. 
05, Alexander R. Fordyce, Jr. 
05, Frank C. Henry. 

06, 07, Frank Crowther. 
06. 07, William R. Drake. 
06, 07, Edward E. Haines. 
08, 10, 11, W. E. Ramsay. 
08, 09, William C. Voorhees. 

08, S. C. Van Cleef. 

09, Rene P. F. Von Minden. 

09, Edwin C. McKeag. 

10, Edward Burt. 

11, Jno. V. L. Booraem. 

12, Aug. C. Streitwolf. 

12, J. F. Ten Broeck. 

13, 14. J. P. Kirkpatrick. 

14, 15. Arthur A. Quinn. 
14. Georfre L. Burton. 
16. E. Teon Loblein. 
16. Charles Anderson. 
16, Richard J. Galvin. 



02, 

04, 
04, 
04, 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



217 



Monmouth County. 



45, 
45, 

45, 46, 
45—47, 
45—47, 

46, 47, 
46, 47, 

47, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

49, 50, 

49, 

49, 

49, 50, 

49, 50, 

50, 

50, 

51, 

51, 52, 

51, 52, 

51—53, 

52, 

53, 

53, 

53, 54, 

54, 

54, 

54—56, 

55, 

55, 

55, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

57—59, 

57—60, 

58, 59, 

58, 59, 

60, 

60, 61, 

60, 61, 

61, 62, 
61, 62, 

62, 
63—65, 
63, 64, 
63, 64, 
65, 66, 
65, 66, 

66, 
67, 68, 
67, 68, 
67, 68, 

69, 
69, 70, 



George F. Fort. 
•Jas. H, Hartshorne. 
Andrew Simpson. 
Hartshorne Tantum. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
William Vandoren. 
John Borden. 
Andrew Simpson. 
William W. Bennett. 
Joel Parker. 
Ferdinand Woodward. 
•Samuel Bennett. 
Joel W. Ayres. 
Alfred Walling. 
James Hooper. 
John B. Williams. 
George W. Sutphin. 
James D. Hall. 

William G. Hooper. 

Charles Butcher. 

Bernard Connolly. 

William H. Conover. 

Garret S. Smock. 

Samuel W. Jones. 

Charles Butcher. 

Charles Allen. 

Daniel P. Van Doren. 

Robert Allen. 

Forman Hendrlckson. 

John L. Corlies. 

Henry E. Lafetra. 

John Vandoren. 

Thomas B. Stout. 

William H. Johnson. 

Jacob Herbert. 

John R. Barricklo. 

Samuel Beers. 

John V. Conover. 

Austin H. Patterson. 

George Middleton. 

Richard B. Walling. 

J. J. McNinney. 

William H. Mount. 

James Patterson. 

William V. Ward. 

Charles Haight. 

George C. Murray. 

Michael Taylor. 

Osborn Curtis. 

David H. Wyckoff. 

Daniel A. Holmes. 

George Schenck. 

William C. Browne. 

Charles Allen. 

Francis Corlies. 

Thomas S. R. Brown. 

William H. Conover. 

Daniel H. Van Mater. 





78, 


78, 


79, 


79, 


80, 


79, 


80, 


80, 


81, 




81, 


81, 


82, 




82, 


82, 


83, 


83, 


84, 


83, 


84, 



69, 70, Andrew Brown. 

70 — 72, Austin H. Patterson. 

71, William S. Horner. 
71, 72, John T. Haight. 

72, Wm. B. Hendrlckson. 
73, 74, John B. GifEord. 

73, 74, John S. Sproul. 

73 — 75, George W. Patterson. 

75, 76, Chas. D. Hendrlckson. 

75, 76, William V. Conover. 

76, 77, James L. Rue. 

77, James H. Leonard. 

77, 78, William H. Bennett. 
George J. Ely. 
Arthur Wilson. 
87, Sherman B. Ovlatt. 
92, 93, John D. Honce. 
87, 88, G. H. Lufburrow. 
Holmes W, Murphy. 
David A. Bell. 
Benjamin Griggs. 
Peter Forman, Jr. 
Alfred B. Stoney. 
Thomas G. Chattle. 

84, 85, Charles H. Bond. 

85, William H. Grant. 

85, 86, Frank E. Heyer. 

86, William Plntard. 

86, 87, W. S. Throckmorton. 
88, 89, Edward B. Potts. 

88, 89, Archibald A. Higgins. 
89, William F. Patterson. 
91, Aaron B. Johnston. 
91, William D. Campbell. 
91, Charles H. Ivins. 
93, John D. Honce. 

Reuben G. Strahan. 
William Taber Parker. 
Charles L. Walters. 
Richard Borden. 
David D. Denise. 
Charles A. Francis. 
George B. Snyder. ' 
Alfred Walling, Jr. 
97, William H. Reid. 
97, Oliver H. Brown. 
97, Daniel E. Van Wlckle. 
98, 99, Joseph L. Butcher. 
98, * 99, Joseph C. Heyer. 
98, 99, B. Drummond Woolley. 
1900, 01, Charles R. Snyder. 
1900, 01, Sam'l W. Klrkbride. 
1900, 01, William Hyres. 
02, William T. Hoffman. 
02, Somers T. Champion. 

02, 03, John A. Howland. 

03, 04, Charles F. McDonald. 
03, 04, Amzi M. Posten. 



90, 

90, 

90, 

92, 

92, 93, 

92, 93, 
94, 
94, 
95, 



94, 
95, 
95, 



•Died in office. 



218 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



04, William F. Lefiferson. 
05, 06, Edgar I. VanderVeer. 
05, 06, Walter S. Reed. 
05, 06, George C. Henry. 

07, Isaac B. Davison. 

07, T. Nelson Llllagore. 

07, Frank J. Manson. 

08, Wilbert A. Beecroft. 
08, David E. Tantum. 
08, John W. Keough. 



09, 10, Joseph D. Bedle. 
09, 10, Monroe V. Poole. 
09, 10, Peter Vredenburgh. 
11, Jas. A. Hendrickson. 

11, 12, 16, Elmer PI. Geran. 
11, 12, 13, *Leon R. Taylor. 
13, 14, William E. Mount. 

14, William Winans. 
15, 16, Harry G. Van Note. 

15, John Thomson. 



Morris County. 

Henry C. Sanders. 
John Bates. 
Alfred M. Treadwell. 
John Hill. 
James C. Yawger. 
Ellas M. White. 
Lewis Estler. 
Daniel Coghlan. 
George Gage. 
Jesse M. Sharp. 
Theodore W. Phoenix. 
Columbus Beach. 
Nathaniel Niles. 
W. B. Lefevre. 
August C. Canfleld. 
W. H. Howell. 
Jacob Z. Budd. 
Ellas M. Skellinger. 
James C. Youngblood. 
Edmund D. Halsey. 
Abm. C. Van Duyne. 
**Cummins O. Cooper. 
C. P. Garrabrant. 
Francis J. Doremus. 
Joshua S. Salmon. 
Charles F. Axtell. 
James H. Bruen. 
Holloway W. Hunt. 
William C. Johnson. 
91, 92, John F. Post. 
Oscar Lindsley. 
James H. Neighbour. 
Amzl F. Weaver. 
George W. Jenkins. 
John Seward Wills. 
Ellas C. Drake. 
John Norwood. 
Samuel S. Lyon. 
John R. Pitney, 
Carnot B. Meeker. 
John Norris. 
William S. Naurlght. 
Jas. Preston Albright. 
Ford D. Smith. 
Thomas J. O'Brien. 
Sylvester Utter. 

*Became Acting Governor in '13. 

**In 1878, Cummins O. Cooper was unseated by Joshua 
Salmon. 





45, 


Timothy KItchel. 




64, 


45, 


46, 


Matthias KItchel. 


64, 


65, 


45, 


46, 


Henry Seward. 




65, 


45, 


46, 


George H. Thompson. 




66, 


46, 


47, 


Calvin Howell. 


66, 


67, 




47, 


Richard Lewis. 


66, 


67, 




47, 


Charles McFarland. 




67, 




47, 


Samuel Hilts. 




68, 


48, 


49, 


Andrew I. Smith. 




68. 


48, 


49. 


David T. Cooper. 


68— 70; 


48, 


49, 


Samuel Van Ness. 


69, 


70, 


48, 


49, 


Edward W. Whelpley. 


69, 


70, 




50, 


John L. Kanouse. 


71, 


72, 




50, 


Andrew Cobb. 


71, 


72, 




50, 


Freeman Wood. 


71- 


-73, 




50, 


George H. Thompson. 


73, 


74, 




51, 


Horace Chamberlain. 


73, 


74, 




51, 


Jonathan P. Bartley. 


74- 


-76, 




51, 


Joslah Meeker. 


75, 


76, 


51. 


52. 


Cornelius B. Doremus. 


75, 


76, 


52, 


53, 


C. S. Dlckerson. 




77, 


52, 


53, 


John D. Jackson. 




77, 


52, 


53, 


Robert Albright. 


77, 


78. 




53, 


John L. Kanouse. 




78, 




54, 


Andrew B. Cobb. 




78, 


54, 


55. 


William P. Conkllng. 


79, 


80, 


54, 


55, 


William Logan. 


79, 


80, 


54, 


55, 


Aaron Pitnoy. 


79, 


80, 


55, 


56, 


Edward Howell. 


81, 


82, 




56, 


Wm. M. Muchmore. 


81, 


82, 


56, 


57, 


William A. Carr. 


81, 


82, 


56, 


57, 


Daniel Budd. 


83, 


84, 


57, 


"58, 


Benjamin M. Felch. 


83, 


84, 


57, 


58, 


Richard Speer. 


83- 


-85, 


58, 


59, 


Lyman A. Chandler. 


85, 


86, 


58, 


59, 


John Naughrlght. 


85, 


86, 




59, 


A. H. Stansborough. 


86, 


87, 


59, 


60, 


James H. Ball. 


87, 


88, 




60, 


Euge"ne Ayres. 


87, 


88, 


60—62, 


Nelson H. Drake. 


88, 


89, 


60—62, 


Nathan Horton. 


89, 


90, 




61, 


William W. Beach. 


89, 


90, 


61, 


62, 


John Hill. 


90, 


91, 


62, 


63, 


Jacob Vanatta. 


91, 


92, 




63, 


William J. Wood. 




93, 


63—65, 


Jesse Hoffman. 




93, 



ASSE:\rBLYMEX. 



219 



94, 95, Charles A. Baker. 
94, 95, William C. Bates. 
96, 97, Charles F. Hopkins. 
96, 97, Joseph B. Rlghter. 
98, 99, George E. Poole. 
98 — 1900, Jacob W. Welsh. 
1900, 01, Samuel L. Garrison. 

01, 02, Chas. R. Whitehead. 

02, 03, William T. Brown. 

03, 04, Thomas J. HlUery. 

04, 05, Charles A. Baker. 

05, 06, John M. Mills. 



06, 07, Richard J. Chaplin. 

07, 08, Henry W. Buxton. 

08, 09, James A. Lyon. 

09, 10, Oscar B. Smith. 

10, 12, William F. Birch. 
11, Albert Bunn. 

11, Eugene S. Burke. 

12, Joseph G. Willis. 

13, James J. Lyons. 

13, Edward D. Neighbour. 
14—16, George W. Downs. 
14—16. Harry W. Mutchler. 



Ocean County. 



51—53. 




54, 


55. 


56, 


57- 


-59, 




60, 




61, 




62, 




63, 


64, 


65, 


66, 


67, 


68, 


69, 


70, 


71, 




72, 




73, 




74, 


75, 


87, 




76, 




77. 


78—80, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 




47, 


47, 


48, 




48, 




49, 


49, 


50, 


50, 


51, 


51, 


52, 


52, 


54, 




52, 




53, 




53, 


53, 


54, 




54, 




55, 




55, 


55, 


56, 




56. 


56-58, 




57, 




57, 




58, 


58, 


59, 



Joel Haywood. 
A. O. S. Havens. 
William F. Brown. 
Edwin Salter. 
Thomas W. ItIus. 
Charles H. Applegate. 
Ephraim Emson. 
Edwin Salter. 
Jacob Birdsall. 
Job Edwarls. 
G. W. Cowperthwalte. 
Albert M. Bradshaw. 
Richard B. Parker. 
John S. Shultze. 
Edward M. Lonan. 
88, 89, J. S. Goble. 
Ephraim P. Emson. 
Isaac A. Van HIse. 
Rufus Blodgett. 



81, William H. Bennett. 

82, Clifford Horner. 

83, George T. Cranmer. 

84, Augustus W. Irons. 
85, 86, George G. Smith. 
90 — 92, Adolph Ernst. 

93, 94, John T. Burton. 
95, 96, Abraham Lower. 
97. 98, Roderick A. Clark. 
99 — 1901. Courtney C. Carr. 

02, George W. Holman, Jr. 

03, William J. Harrison. 
04, 05, Cornelius C. Pearce. 

06, George C. Warren. 

07, Samuel S. Taylor. 
08. 09. 10, Benj. H. Crosby. 
11, 12, Harry E. Newman. 
13—16. David G. Conrad. 



Passaic County. 



5»— 61, 



George W. Colfax. 
Chlleon F. De Camp. 
Abm. Prall. 
Henry M. Van Ness. 
John M. Demarest. 
Oscar Decker. 
C. S. Van Wagoner. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Benjamin Geroe. 
John L. Lame. 
J. S. Fayerweather. 
J. V. R. Van Blarcom. 
Cornelius Van Winkle. 
Philip Rafferty. 
Charles H. May. 
William C. Stratton. 
William M. Morrell. 
John Schoonmaker. 
Peter H. Whritenor. 
BenJ. Buckley. 
John J. Brown. 
James B. Beam. 
Patrick Magennls. 
Richard Van Houte<i. 
Joel M. Johnson. 
Samuel Pope. 



60, 61, 

61, 62, 
62—66, 
62—66. 

63, 
63. 64, 

63. 64, 

64. 65, 

65. 66, 
65, 66, 



67, 68, 

68, 69, 
60. 70, 

69, 70, 
70, 
70, 

71, 72, 

71. 78, 

72. 73, 
73, 



73. 
74. 



74, 75, 



Isaac Stagg. 
Isaac P. Cooley. 
Socrates Tuttle. 
John N. Terhune. 
Chandler D. Norton. 
Samuel Pope. 
Joseph N. Taylor. 
Charles F. Johnson. 
Aaron Klnter. 
Garret Van Wagoner. 
Isaac D. Blauvelt. 
E. A. Stansbury. 
David Henry. 
Joseph R. Baldwin. 
A. A. Van Voorhees. 
Hugh Reid. 
72. C. Heramingway. 
Henry Hobbs. 
Charles P. Gurnee. 
75. Robert M. Torbet. 
79. John O'Brien. 
Henry McDanolds. 
George Barnes. 
Garret A. Hobart. 
David Henry. 
John P. Zeluff. 



220 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 




78, 


78, 


79, 


79, 


80, 


80. 


81, 


80, 


81, 




81, 




82, 


82, 


83, 


82, 


83, 


82- 


-85, 


83, 


84, 




84, 




84, 


85, 


86. 



87, 88, 
87, 
87, 

87. 88. 



90, 


91, 


90. 


91, 


90, 


91, 




91, 




92, 


92, 


93, 


92, 


93. 


93, 


94, 




94. 




94. 




95. 


95, 


96. 


95, 


96. 


95, 


96. 


96—98. 




97. 




97. 



John W. Griggs. 
John Sanderson. 
Jos. L. Cunningham. 
John Kennell. 
John H. Robinson. 
George W. Conkling. 
Robert B. Morehead. 
Thomas B. Vreeland. 
Jacob Latus. 
Joseph A. Greaves. 
Patrick H. Shields. 
William F. Gaston. 
92, 93, 94, Thos. Plyun. 
Clark W, Mills. 
William Prall. 
Cornelius A. Cadmus. 
John Scheele. 
De Witt C. Bolton. 
George H. Low. 
William B. Gourley. 
George Law. 
John Donohue. 
Robert A. Carroll. 
89, James Keys. 
James H. Rogers. 
Eugene Emley. 
John I. Holt. 
Chas. T, Woodward. 
William W. Welcli. 
Thomas McCran. 
John King. 
John F. Kerr. 
Robert Williams. 
Richard Carroll. 
James Parker. 
Frank Gledhlll. 
John P. Smith. 
John I. Holt. 
John McKelvey. 
William I. Lewib. 
Samuel Frederick. 
James Robertson. 
Samuel Bullock. 
97, 99, 1900. John King. 
Henry W. Gledhlll. 
Frank Atherton. 
Phineas Bridge. 
Wood McKee. 



99—01, 


1900, 


00—03, 


01, 


02, 


01- 


-03, 




02, 


02, 


03, 




03. 


03—05. 




04, 


04, 


05, 


04, 


05, 


05, 


06, 


05, 


06, 




06. 


06, 


08. 




06. 




07, 




07. 




07. 




07, 




07. 


08, 


09, 




08, 


08, 


09. 




08. 


09. 


10. 




09, 


10, 


11, 


10. 


11, 




11, 




12, 




12, 




13, 




13, 




13, 




13, 




13, 




15, 


14- 


-16. 




15, 


14— 


-16, 


14- 


-16, 



16, 



John W. Sturr. 
John Donohue. 
Vivian M. Lewis. 
Richard Berry. 
Edmund G. Stalter. 
Wm. B. Davidson. 
Hiram Keasler. 
Raymond Bogert. 
04, F. W. Van Blarcom. 
Anton L. Pettersen. 
George H. Dalrymple. 
Jacob De Lazier. 
Ernest Shaw. 
10, 11, Thos. R. Layden. 
George F. Wright. 
Henry Marelli. 
Arthur M. Smethurst. 

09, John D. Prince. 
Colin R. Wise. 
William A. Merz. 
Abram Klenert. 
Frank A. Pawelski. 
Henry J. Earle. 
John D. Van Blarcom. 

10, 11, 12, 

Amos H. RadcllCfe. 
Samuel McCold. 
William B. Burpo. 
Henry C. Whitehead. 
Edward T. Moore. 
James G. Blauvelt. 
12. Thomas F. McCran. 
12, Leonard PIkaart. 
Arthur P. Jackson. 
William W. Watson. 
G. H. Vermuelen. 
Robert F. Buckley. 
James E. Kerwin. 
Robert A. Roe. 
James Matthews. 
Joseph A. Delaney. 
William J. Barbour. 
George H. Dalrymple. 
William Hughes. 
Jolin Hunter. 
Edmund B. Randall. 
John H. Adamson. 
Josiah Dadley. 



Salem County. 



47, 



45, David Wiley. 
45, Isaiah Conklyn. 

45, Robert Hewitt. 

46, Ephraim Carel. 

46, Charles Bilderback. 

46, George Remster. 

47, Joseph M. Springer. 

47, James Vanmeter. 

48, Joseph Foster. 

48. BenJ. F. McCollister. 

48, Joseph R. Chew. 

49, James H. Trenchard. 



49, Isaac LIppincott. 

49, John Fowler. 

50, Charles B. Newell. 
50, David SIthens. 

50, Benjamin Remster. 

51, Smith Bilderback. 
51, Charles Benner. 

51, Harman Ri"hnian. 

52, Jacob Hitchner. 

52, John C. Lummls. 

53, Nathaniel G. Swing. 
53, John Blackwood. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



221 





54, 




55, 




55, 




56, 




56, 




57, 


ST- 


-59, 


BS. 


59, 




60, 


60, 


61, 




61, 




62, 




62, 




63, 


f.3, 


64, 




64, 




65, 


65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 




67, 




68, 


68, 


69, 


C9, 


70, 




70, 




71, 




71, 




72, 


72, 


73, 




45, 




45, 




45, 




46, 


*6, 


47, 




46. 


47—49, 


47- 


-49, 


48—50, 




50, 


50, 


51, 




51. 


51, 


52, 




52, 


53, 


54. 


54—56, 




55, 


56, 


57, 




57, 


58, 


59, 


58, 


59, 


60, 


61, 


61- 


-63, 


62, 


63. 


64, 


65. 


64, 


65, 


66, 


67. 




67, 



Isaiah D. Clawson. 
Richard Grier. 
Joshua Thompson. 
John Harris. 
Joseph Kille. 
Samuel Plummer. 
William Beckett. 
Thomas B. Jones. 
Alfred Slmpklns. 
Samuel Ilabermayer. 
Joshua Llpplncott. 
Owen If. -fones. 
William P. Somers. 
Samuel D. Miller. 
Joseph Waddlngton. 
Joseph W. Cooper. 
William N. Hancock. 
William Callahan. 
A. M. P. V. H. Dlckeson. 
Samuel Garrison. 
John S. Newell. 
Henry M. Wright. 
Andrew S. Reevee. 
Charles F. H. Gray. 
David Erans. 
John W. Dickinson. 
John Hltchner. 
Smith Hewitt. 
Daniel P. Darrell. 



73, 74, William Iszard. 

74, 75, William B. Carpenter. 

75, Charles P. Swing. 

76, Richard Coles. 

76 — 78. Qulnton Keasbey. 

77, John S. Elwell. 

78, William C. Kates. 
79 — 81, Henry Barber. 

79 — 81, John T. Garwood. 

82 — 84. Henry Combs. 

85, 86, Joseph D. Whltaker 

87, William Newell. 

88, Millard P. Riley. 
89, 90, John C. Ward. 

92, James Strlmple. 
94, William Diver. 
96, Charles W. Powers. 

98, Joseph B. Crlspen. 

99. Frank Wright. 
1900, 01, Henry J. Blohm. 

02, John Tyler. 

03, Ephralm C. Harris. 
04 — 06, Thomas E. Hunt. 

07, 08, 10, Samuel A. Rldgway. 
09, John D. Schade. 
11, Chas. L. Richmond. 

13, Isaac S. Smick. 

14, William M. Wbeatle.v. 
16, Lemuel H. Greenwood. 



91. 
93, 
95. 



12. 



15, 



Somerset County. 



68. 69. 



Peter Voorhees. 
Samuel Reynolds. 
Peter Kline. 
James B. Elmendorf. 
Peter T. Beekman. 
Jonathan Cory. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
F. V. D. Voorhees. 
John M. Wyckoff. 
Samuel S. Doty. 
53. John De Mott. 
Frederick D. Brokaw. 
Eugene S. Doughty. 
Michael R. Nevlus. 
John H. Anderson. 
John S. Hoagland. 
Alvah Lewis. 
Cornelius M. Schomp. 
Cornelius N. Allen. 
Nehemlah V. Steele. 
60. Elisha B. Wood. 
70. J. W. Arrowsmlth. 
John G. Schenck. 
John M. Mann. 
Daniel Corey. 
66, Rynier A. Staats. 
Ralph Davenport. 
Peter A. Voorhees. 
Abraham T. Huff. 
John J. Bergen. 



69 — 71, John R. Staats. 

71, James Doty. 
72, 73, David D. Smalley. 
72, 73, 74. Jno. G. Schenck. 
74. 75, William P. Sutphin. 
75 — 77. Joseph H. Voorhees. 
76. 77. 91, 92. Jas. J. Bergen. 
78 — 80. John Rlngelmann. 
78 — 80. J. Newton Voorhees. 

81, John L. Oakey. 
81, 82, William A. Schomp. 
83, 84, Cornelius S. Hoffman. 
85, 86, John Vetterleln. 

87, George E. Pace. 

88, Oscar Conkllng. 
89, 90, Jacob Klotz. 

93, George H. Cramer. 

95, Frank W. Somers. 

96, Charles A. Reed. 

97, 98, Peter V. D. Van Doren. 
99, 1900. Edward E. Cooiier. 

02. Henry W. Hoagland. 

04. Sam'l S. Swackhamer. 

06, Irving Hoagland. 

08. 09. 10. Wra. W. Smalley. 

11. Geo. M. La Monte. 

12, William de La Roche 
Anderson. 

14, Azariah M. Beekman. 
16, Ogden H. Hammond. 



94. 



01. 
03, 
05, 
07, 



13. 

15, 



222 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



Sussex County. 





45, 


Absalom Dunning. 


62—64, 


William H. Bell. 




45, 


Jesse Bell. 


63, 64, 


Robert Hamilton. 




45, 


Timothy H. Cook. 


65, 


Samuel Fowler. 




46, 


Juhn Hunt. 


65—67, 


William M. Iliff. 


46, 


47, 


Peter Young. 


66, 67, 


73, 74, F. M. Ward. 


46—48, 


Thos. D. Armstrong. 


68—70, 


Hiram C. Clark. 


47^9, 


Peter Hoyt. 


68—70, 


Samuel H. Hunt. 


48—50. 


Jacob Hornbeck, Jr. 


71, 


Peter Smith. 




49, 


Martin Ryerson. 


71, 72, 


Lebbeus Martin. 


50, 


51, 


Guy Price. 


75, 76, 


William Owen. 


50, 


51, 


William Simonson. 


77, 78, 


George Greer. 




51, 


Daniel D. Decker. 


79—81, 


Lewis J. Martin. 




52, 


George W. CoUver. 


82—84, 


William E. Ross. 


52- 


-54, 


Timothy E. Shay. 


85—87, 


Horatio N. Kinney. 


52, 


55, 


Aaron K. Stinson. 


88—90, 


Andrew J. Bale. 


53, 


54, 


Benjamin Hamilton. 


91—93, 


Jacob Swartwout. 


53, 


54, 


Luther Hill. 


94—96, 


William P. Coursen. 




55, 


James L. Decker. 


97, 


Horace B. Rude. 


55—57, 


Daniel D. Gould. 


98, 99, 


1900, Blvin E. Smith. 


56—58, 


William Smith. 


1901, 


Theodore M. Roe. 


56—58, 


John W. Opdyke. 


02, 03, 


04, Lewis S. Iliff. 




58, 


Sanford McKeeby. 


05, 


Vacancy.* 


59, 


60, 


Martin Cole. 


06—08, 


Levi H. Morris. 


59, 


60, 


61, Charles Mackerly. 


09, 10, 


11, 12, Chas. A. Meyer. 


59, 


60. 


61, Daniel D. Decker. 


13, 14, 


15, Henry T. Kays. 




61, 


William Price. 


16, 


Edward Ackerson. 




62, 


Thomas N. McCarter. 










Union 


County 


. 




58, 


Benjamin M. Price. 


78, 


Joseph B. Coward. 




58, 


Carmon Parse. 


78—80, 


George M. Stiles. 




59, 


William Stiles. 


79, 80, 


Philip H. Vernon. 


59, 


60, 


Elston Marsh. 


79—82, 


John T. Dunn. 


60, 


61, 


David Mulford. 


81, 82, 


George T. Parrott. 




61, 


Israel 0. Maxwell. 


81—83, 


Frank L. Sheldon. 




62, 


John J. High. 


83, 84, 


Edward J. Byrnes. 


P.2, 


63, 


Samuel L. Moore. 


83, 84, 


Asa T. Woodruff. 


63, 


64, 


Noah Woodruff. 


84, 


DeWitt C. Hough. 


64, 


65, 


Philip Dougherty. 


85, 


Jacob Kirkner. 




65, 


Joseph T. Crowell. 


85, 86, 


Peter L. Hughes. 




66, 


John R. Crane. 


85—87, 


William H. Corbin. 




66, 


Thomas J. Lee. 


86, 87, 


Wm. Chamberlain. 




67, 


A. M. W. Ball. 


87, 88, 


John J. Matthews. 




67, 


Enos W. Runyon. 


88—90. 


Foster M. Voorhees. 


68, 


69, 


John H. Whelan. 


88—90, 


John Ulrich. 


68, 


69, 


DeWitt C. Hough. 


89, 90, 


Frederick C. Marsh. 




70, 


Albert A. Drake. 


91, 92, 


John Carroll. 


70, 


71, 


75, Ferd. Blancke. 


91—93, 


George Kyte. 




71, 


.Joseph W. Yates. 


91—93, 


Thomas F. Lane. 




72, 


Andrew Dutcher. 


93, 


Timothy M. Kelly. 


72- 


-74, 


William McKinley. 


94, 95, 


John N. Burger. 


72, 


73, 


John H. I.ufberry. 


94, 95, 


Joseph Cross. 




73, 


Jabez B. Cooley. 


94, 95, 


Charles N. Codding. 


74, 


75, 


William H. Gill. 


96, 97, 


Henry Clauss. 


74, 


75, 


Eli as R. Pope. 


96, 97, 


J. Martin Roll. 


76, 


77, 


Moses F. Gary. 


96, 97, 


William R. Codington. 


76, 


77, 


Benjamin 4. Vail. 


98, 99, 


George A. Squire. 


76- 


-78, 


John Egan. 


98, 99, 


Roger F. Murray. 



♦Jackson R. Decker was elected, but died before meeting 
of Legislature. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



223 



98, 99, Robert G. Houston. 
1900, 01, Ellis R. Meeker. 
1900, 01, Chester M. Smith. 
1900, 01. Charles S. Foote. 

02, Frederick Miller. 
02, 03, William Newcorn. 

02, 03, William F. Hall. 

03, 05, Edward S. Coyne. 
04, Charles L. Moffett. 
04. Joseph T. Hague. 

Joseph H. Gunn. 
Peter Tillman. 
*Randolph Perkins. 
Everard K. Tucker. 
John R. Moxon. 



04, 
05—07, 
05—07, 

06, 
07, 08, 



45, 

45, 
45, 46, 
46—48, 
46 — 48, 
47—49, 
49—51, 
49—51, 
50, 51, 

52, 
52—54, 
52—54, 
54—56, 
5.5—57, 
55—57, 
57—59, 

58, 
58, 59, 
59—61, 

60, 
60—62, 
61. 63, 
62—64, 
63—65, 
64—66, 
65, 66, 
66—68, 
67, 68, 



69—71, 
69—71, 
70—72, 



Abram Wildrick. 
Stephen Warne. 
Robert C. Caskey. 
Jonathan Shotwell. 
Amos H. Drake. 
Samuel Mayberry. 
Andrew Ribble. 
Benjamin Fritts. 
53, John Loller. 
John Cline. 
John Sherrer. 
David V. C. Crate. 
George H. Beatty. 
Archibald Osborn. 
John White. 
Isaac Leida. 
Abm. S. Van Horn. 
William Feit. 
Robert Rusling. 
Philip Shoemaker. 
John C. Bennett. 
David Smith. 
William W. Strader. 
Elijah Allen. 
Charles G. Hoagland. 
Silas Young. 
Andrew J. Fulmer. 
John N. Glvens. 
Nelson Vliet. 
Absalom B. Pursell. 
Caleb H. Valentine. 
William Sllverthorn. 



09, 


10, 


10, 


11, 




11, 


11, 


13, 




12, 




12. 




12, 


13, 


14, 


13, 


14, 




14, 


15, 


16, 


15, 


16, 


15, 


16, 


Co 

72- 


luntj 

-74, 


73- 


-75, 



10, Carlton B. Pierce. 
Albert F. Kirsteln. 
Augustus W. Schwartz. 
Lloyd Thompson. 
Calvin E. Brodhead. 
H. J. McLauglilin. 
William F. Groves. 
George C. Otto. 
George L. Babcock. 
William A. Leonard. 
John J. Griffin. 
Francis V. Dobbins. 
William N. Runyon. 
Charles L. Morgan. 
Arthur N. Pierson. 



Valentine Mutchler. 
-75, Joseph Anderson. 

75, John M. WyckofiP. 

76, William Carpenter. 
76 — 78, Elias J. Mackey. 
77—79, Silas W. De Witt. 
79—81, Coursen H. Albertson. 
80—82, William Fritts. 

82, Robert Bond. 
83—85, Stephen C. Larison. 
83—85, Isaac Wildrick. 

86, Thomas L. Titus. 
86, 87, William M. Balrd. 
87 — 89, Samuel B. Mutchler. 
88—91, Eliphalet Hoover. 
90—92, Daniel W. Hagerty. 
02—94, L. Milton Wilson. 

93, Richard H. Sheppard. 
94, 95, Samuel V. Davis. 

95, George W. Smith. 
96 — 98, Alfred L. Flummerfelt. 
96 — 98, William K. Bowers. 
99—1901, Hiram D. White. 
99—1901, Jacob B. Smith. 

02, William R. Lalre. 
03—05, John A. Wildrick. 
06—08, Joseph H. Firth. 

09, Harry B. Moon. 
10, 11, George B. Cole. 
12. 13. 14. Henry O. Carhart. 
15, 16, Alonzo D. Herrick. 



♦Elected to fill vacancy caused by death of George H. Embree 
In 1905. 



224 THE EXECUTIVE. 

THE EXECUTIVE 



PREROGATIVES AND DUTIES OF THE GOVERNOR 
The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of all the mili- 
tary and naval forces of the State; is President (ex 
officio) of the Board of Trustees of Princeton anc 
Rutgers Colleges, and also of Burlington College, and 
of the Board of Managers of the Geological Survey. 
He is Chairman of the State Board of Canvassers, and 
has power to fill any vacancy for New Jersey that may 
occur in the United States Senate, during a recess 
of the Legislature. 

He is a member of the following Boards: Trustees of 
School Fund; Riparian Commissioners; Court of Par- 
dons; Commissioners of Agricultural College Fund; 
Commissioners of the State Library and State House 
Commission. 

With the advice and consent of the Senate, he has 
the power of appointing the following officers: Chan- 
cellor, Chief Justice, Judges of the Supreme Court and 
Circuit Courts, Inferior Courts and Lay Judges of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals, Attorney-General, Sec- 
retary of State, Clerk of the Court of Chancery, Clerk 
of the Supreme Court, Keeper of the State Prison, a 
Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, a Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, Prosecutors of the Pleas, 
Visitors to the State Board of Agriculture, State Board 
of Assessors, State Board of Education, Chief of Bu- 
reau of Labor Statistics, Major-General, Quartermas- 
ter-General, Adjutant-General, Supervisor of the State 
Prison, six Inspectors of the State Prison, Commis- 
sioners of Pilotage, the Board of Managers of the State 
Hospitals, Judges of the District Courts, Riparian 
Commissioners, Managers for the Homo for Feeble- 
Minded Women, Port Wardens and Harbor Masters, 
State Board of Medical Examiners, State Board of 
Equalization of Taxes, County Boards of Equalization 
of Taxes, Railroad Commissioners, Labor Commission- 
ers, State H' me for Boys, State Home for Girls, Com- 
missioners of New Jersey Reformatory, Managers 
State Home for Disabled Soldiers, Marines and Their 
Wives, State Board of Health, Commissioner of Chari- 
ties and Corrections, Managers of the State Village 
for Epileptics, Managers for Sanitorlum for Tu- 
berculous Diseases, Civil Service Commissioners, 



THE EXECUTIVE. 225 

State Road Commissioner, Fish and Game Commis- 
sioners, Auditor of Accounts, Commissioner of Re- 
ports, Palisades, Inter-State Park Commission, Board 
of Tenement House Supervision. 

Witliout the consent of the Senate: Oyster Commis- 
sioners, Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, Foreign 
Commissioners of Deeds, iMew Jersey State Pharma- 
ceutical Association, State Board of Dentistry, Inspec- 
tors of Steamboats, Private Secretary, Notaries Public, 
Moral Instructors in the State Prison, Managers New 
Jersey Firemen's Home, Inspectors of Power Vessels, 
Railroad Policemen and other Boards and Commission- 
ers, and fill all vacancies that occur in any ofl!^ce during 
a recess of the Legislature, which offices are to be filled 
by the Governor and Senate, or Legislature in Joint 
Meeting; also, vacancies happening in the offices of 
Clerk or Surrogate in any county; issues warrants for 
the admission of blind and feeble-minded children Into 
institutions; grants requisitions and renditions, and 
has power to offer rewards for apprehending and se- 
curing persons charged with certain crimes; signs or 
vetoes all bills and joint resolutions passed by. the 
Legislature; has power to convene the Legislature, 
or Senate alone. If, In his opinion, public necessity 
requires it; grants, under the Great-Seal of the State, 
commissions to all such officers as require to be com- 
missioned; has right to borrow money for the State; 
sign all leases or grants Issued by the Riparian Com- 
missioners; he has power to reprieve in cases of capi- 
tal punishment, and to suspend fines at any time not 
exceeding ninety days after conviction, and in case of 
pardon or commutation of sentence, the Governor's 
veto in the afl[irmative Is necessary. 

Besides all these duties, the Governor finds It neces- 
sary to read and answer a large mass of correspond- 
ence, which comes to the department daily. All bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature are 
compared, and then indexed in the Executive Depart- 
ment, before presentation to the Governor. 

He receives a salary of $10,000 a year, and Is not 
allowed any fees or perquisites what ever. 

His term of office Is three years. 

OFFICES FILLED BY THE LEGISLATURE IN JOINT 
MEETING. 
State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Commissioners 
of Deeds and State Director of Railroads and Canals. 

15 



226 COUNTIES, CITIES AND BOROUGHS. 

CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTIES, CITIES 
AND BOROUGHS. 

COUNTIES. 
(See act of March 7th, chapter 8, Laws of 1911.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 300,000. Hud- 
son, 571,871 ; Essex. 506,324. 

Second Class — Having a population of not less than 50,000 
nor more than 300,000. Passaic, 236.364 ; Bergen, 178,596 ; 
Union, 167.332 ; Camden, 163,221 ; Middlesex, 144.716 ; 
Mercer, 139,812 ; Monmouth, 107.636 ; Atlantic. 82,840 ; 
Morris, 81.514 : Burlington, 74,737 ; Cumherland. 59,481. 

Third Class — ^Having a population of not less' than 20,000 
nor more than 50,000. Warren, 44,314 : Somerset, 44,123 ; 
Gloucester, 43,587 ; Hunterdon. 34,097 ; Salem, 30,292 ; 
Sussex, 25.977 ; Cape May, 24,407 ; Ocean, 23,011. 

Fourth Class — All counties not embraced in either the 
first, second or third class. None. 

CITIES. 
(See act of March 18th, 1901.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 150,000. 
Newark, 366.721 ; Jersey City, 270,903. 

Second Class— Having a population of not less than' 12,000 
nor more than 150,000. Paterson, 124,815 ; Trenton. 103,- 
190 ; Camden, 102,215 : Elizabeth. 82,036 ; Hoboken, 67,611 ; 
Bayonne, 64,461 ; Passaic, 61.225 ; East Orange, 40,961 ; 
Perth Amboy, 39,719 ; New Brunswick, 30,019 ; Orange, 
29,805 ; Plainfield, 24,516 ; Long Branch, 14,565 ; Bridgeton, 
13,611 ; Millville, 13,307. 

Third Class — -All cities not embraced within either the 
first or second class, except cities binding upon the Atlantic 
Ocean and being seaside and Summer resorts. 

Fourth Class — All cities binding upon the Atlantic Ocean 
and being seaside or Summer resorts. Atlantic City, 51,667. 

BOROUGHS. 

(See act of March 23d, 1883. and Supreme Court decision, 
State, Borough of Hightstown, pros., vs. James Glenn, 18 
Vr., page 105.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 3,000 
Second Class — Having a population between 1,500 and 

3,000. 

Third Class — All boroughs and incorporated villages not 

contained in the first and second classes. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



The following is a list of the titles of newspapers pub- 
lished in the State of New Jersey, town and county where 
published, time of publication, political or special char- 
acter, and names of editors and publishers : 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

NEWS — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. Frank O. Breder, publisher. , 

DER PILOT (German) — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent. Henry Grles, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE TRIBUNE — Egjr Harbor City. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Independent Republican. Ilenrv Gries, editor. 

SOUTH JERSEY REPUBLICAN— Hammonton. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Hoyt & Son, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

SOUTH JERSEY STAR — Hammonton. Weekly. Independ- 
ent. Thomas B. Delker, editor and publisher. 

LA LEBEA — Hammonton. Weekly, Saturday. Republican. 
Nicholas Casban, editor and publisher. 

ATLANTIC CITY REVIEW — Atlantic City. Daily, every 
morning except Sunday, and weekly, on Saturday. Inde- 
pendent. Atlantic Review Publishing Company. William 

B. Bell president. William P. Houpt, editor. 
ATLANTIC CITY DAILY PRESS— Atlantic City. Daily, 

every morning, except Sunday. Republican. Daily Press 
Union Co. Francis E. Croasdale. editor. 
ATLANTIC COUNTY RECORD— Mays Landing. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. E. C. Shaner, proprietor. E. 

C. Shaner and Ira T. B. Smith, editors. 

EVENING UNION— Atlantic City. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Republican. Daily Press Union Co. Walter 
Creighton. editor. OflQce in Dailv Press Building. 

SUNDAY GAZETTE— Atlantic City. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Republican. Harry E. Smith, proprietor. James M. 
Healey, editor. 

PLEASANTVILLE PRESS— Pleasantville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. S. E. Whitman & Sons, pro- 
prietors. B. E. Whitman, editor. 

FREIE PRESSE (German)— Atlantic City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Jacob Mueller, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

VENTNOR NEWS— Ventnor City (Atlantic Cityi, Weekly. 
on Saturday. Independent. Carl M. Voelker. publisher. 

SOMERS POINT RECORD — Somers Point. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent. Charles H. Collins, editor and 
pToprietor. 



228 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



BERGEN COUNTY. 

THE EVENING RECORD — Hackensack. Evening. Inde- 
pendent. Evening Record Publishing Company, publishers. 
Evan G. Runner, editor. 

THE HACKENSACK REPUBLICAN — Hackensack. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Republican. Eugene K, Bird, editor and 
publisher. 

THE BERGEN COUNTY DEMOCRAT — Hackensack. 
Weekly. Democratic. Democrat Publishing Company, M. 
J. Ford, president. 

CARLSTADT FREIE PRESSE (Ger:nan) — Carlstadt. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. August Moench, 
editor. 

THE ENGLEWOOD PRESS— Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Joseph H. Tillotson, editor and 
proprietor. 

RECORD. — Tenafly. Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. 
Tenafly Publishing Company. J. Z. Demarest, editor. 

THE NEWS— Ridgewood. Weekly, on Friday. F. A. Bax- 
ter, publisher. 

THE PARK RIDGE LOCAL— Park Ridge. Published 
weekly, on Wednesday. James B. H. Storms and John C, 
Storms, editors and proprietors. 

RUTHERFORD REPUBLICAN, AND RUTHERFORD 
AMERICAN — Rutherford. Weekly, on Saturday. Ruther- 
ford Publishing Company. Republican. Frank P. New- 
man, editor. 

THE ENTERPRISE- East Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. The Petrie Press, publisher. 
Alexander G. Cattermole. editor. 

THE BOROUGH ADVERTISER— East Rutherford. Weekljr. 
Independent. Yah Lee, editor. 

THE SENTINEL— Fort Lee. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. J. N. Race, publisher. * 

THE NEWS-LETTER— Hasbrouck Heights. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Alonzo Chamberlain, editor and publisher. 

RIDGEFIELD PARK BULLETIN — Weekly, on Thursday. 
Independent. Charles Enders, editor. 

RIDGEWOOD HERALD— Weekly, on Thursday. Republi- 
can. Brainard G. Smith, editor and proprietor. 

THE RAMSEY JOURNAL— Ramsey. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. John Y. Dater, Jr., editor and proprietor. 

THE SATURDAY REVIEW— Bergenfield. Weekly. Inde- 
pendent. The Bergenfield Press. Wm. R. and Milton O. 
Jones, Jr., proprietors. William R. Jones, editor. 

THE BOGOTA REVIEW— Bogota. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Frank E. Henderson, Jr., editor and proprietor. 

SOUTH BERGEN EAGLE— Lyndhurst, Kingsland (Ruther- 
ford P. O.). Weekly, on Friday. Independent. H. 
Kirke White, editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 229 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY MIRROR — Mount Holly. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. Charles H. Folwell, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE MOUNT HOLLY HERALD — Mount Holly. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. , editor and proprietor. 

NEWS — Mount Holly. Weekly, on Tuesday. Republican. 
H. L. Walters and Joseph C. Kingdon, proprietors. J. 
C. Kingdon. editor. 

BURLINGTOisr GAZETTE— Burlington. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Dr. R. B. Glasgow, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE NEW JERSEY ENTERPRISE— Burlington. Daily, In 
the aifternoon. Republican. Enterprise Company, pub- 
lisher. 

BORDENTOWN REGISTER— Bordentown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. James D. Magee, editor. 

BEVERLY BANNER — Beverly. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent. L. W. Perkins, editor and proprietor. 

MOORESTOWN CHRONICLE AND REPUBLICAN — 
Moorestown. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent. W. J. 
Lovell, editor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY PRESS— Riverside. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Hiram D. Torrie, Jr., editor and 
proprietor. 

THE NEW ERA — Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Riverton. Walter L. Bowen, publisher. J. D, Janney, 
M.D.. editor. 

THE WEEKLY NEWS — Palmyra. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. C. F. Sleeper, editor and proprietor. 

THE CENTRAL RECORD— Marlton. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Charles Holmes, editor and proprietor. 

THE PALMYRA RECORD— Palmyra. Weekly. Seel 
Brothers, publishers and proprietors. 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 

WEST JERSEY PRESS— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sinnickson Chew & Sons' Company, pub- 
lishers and proprietors. Harrv C. Dole, editor. 

CAMDEN POST-TELEGRAM— Camden. Daily, in the af- 
ternoon. Republican. Post-Telegram Company, pro- 
prietors. Upton S. Jefiferys, editor. P. F. Patterson, Jr., 
manager. 

THE COURIER — Camden. Daily, ia the afternoon. Re- 
publican. Courier Publishing Association, proprietors. 

CAMDEN COUNTY JOURNAL (German)— Camden. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. Camden Journal Publishing 
Co., publishers. Otto Erdlen, editor. 



1^30 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE VOICE OF LABOR— Camden. Weekly. Socialist. 
James E. W. Cook, editor. 

THE TRIBUNE— HaddonfieM. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. The Tribune Publishing Co., publishers. W. G. 
Taylor, manager. 

THE CAMDEN TIMES— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. John J. Tischner, publisher. 

CAMDEN ARGUS AND EAST SIDE PRESS— Camden. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Thursday. William H. JeCferys, 
St., editor and publisher. 

MERCHANTVILLE TIMES— Merchantville. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Herbert Freeman, editor and publisher. 

HADDON GAZETTE — Haddonfleld. Weekly, on Friday. 
Allen Clymer, editor and publisher. 

MAGNOLIA PRESS — Magnolia. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Republican. C. J. Klein, publisher. 

THE SOUTH JERSEY NEWS— Stratford. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. A. H. Hise, editor. 

COLLINGSWOOD HERALD— Collingswood. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Herald Publishing Company, 
publishers. Herbert E. Freeman, editor. 

WEEKLY RETROSPECT— Collingswood. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Collingswood Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE ADVERTISER— Berlin. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. Advertiser Publishing Company, publishers. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

CAPE MAY STAR AND WAVE— Cape May City. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Saturday, also morning during 
July and August. Star and Wave Publishing Company. 
Albert Reeve Hand, manager. 

CAPE MAY HERALD— Cape May City. Republican. 
Weekly, -on Friday afternoon, also morning during July 
and August. Charles L. Brownmiller, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY GAZETTE— Cape May Court House. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. Alfred Cooper, editor 
and publisher. 

SENTINEL — Ocean City. Weekly, on Thursday. Republi- 
can. R. Curtis Robinson, editor and proprietor. 

FIVE-MILE BEACH JOURNAL— Wildwood. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday. Jed Dubois, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

OCEAN CITY LEDGER— Weekly, on Saturday. Prohibition. 
New Jersey Methodist Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Rev. James E. Lake, editor. 

FIVE-MILE BEACH SUN— Wildwood. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. T. C. Hamilton. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY TIMES— Sea Isle City. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independiemt Republican. S. Twitchel, pub- 
lisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 231 

COAST REPORTER — Avalon. Independent. Weekly, on 
Friday. Cornelius Mahan, editor. Peermont P. O. 

SEA ISLE CITY REVIEW— Sea Isle City. Independent. 
Weekly, on Thursday. L. I. Bussey, editor. Sea Isle 
City Publishing Company, publishers. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

BRIDGETON EVENING NEWS— Bridgeton. Republican 

Evening News Company, publishers. J. W. Richardson 

editor and manager. 
BRIDGETON PIONEER — Bridgeton. Daily and weekly 

Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. George W. McCowan 

editor and publisher. 
DOLLAR WEEKLY NEWS— Bridgeton. Independent 

Weekly, on Saturday. Evening News Company, pub 

listers. 
WEEKLY INDEPENDENT— Vineland. Weekly, on Friday 

Populist. J. J. Streeter, editor and publisher. 
THE EVENING JOURNAL — Vineland. Afternoon. Demo 

cratic. George C. Ladd, editor. 
MILLVILLE REPUBLICAN— Millville. Evening. Repub 

lican. jVIillville Republican and Publishing Company 

publishers. W. E. Middleton, editor. 
THE ADVERTISER— Port Norris. Weekly. Harry C. Bar- 

raclough, editor and publisher. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

NEWARK EVENING NEWS— Newark. Afternoon. Inde- 
pendent. Evening News Publishing Company. Wallace 
M. Scudder, publisher ; Edward W. Scudder, editor. 

THE NEWARK EAGLE (and the Newark Star)- Newark 
Independent. Every morning-. Sundays excepted. Newark 
Daily Advertiser Publishing Company. John J. Leidy 
editor. 

THE NEWMRK EVENING STAR AND NEWARK DAILY 
ADVERTISER— Newark. Independent. Newark Daily Ad 
vertiser Publishing Company. John J. Leidy, editor. 

NEW JERSEY FREIE ZEITUNG (German)— Newark. 
Daily, also Sunday edition. Republican. Mrs. B. Prieth, 
proprietress. William Katzeler, editor. Benedict Prieth 
business manager. 

SUNDAY CALL — Newark. Weekly, on Sunday. Inde 
pendent. The Newark Call Printing and Publishing Com 
pany, publishers. G. Wisner Thorne, president and treas- 
urer. C. G. Van Gorden, secretary. William T. Hunt, 
G. Wisuer Thorne and Louis Hannoch, directors. William 
T. Hunt, editor. 

SENTINEL OF FREEDOM — Newark. Weekly) on Saturday. 
Published by the Advertiser Publishing Company. 



232 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

DER ERZAHLER (German) — Newark. Sunday edition of 
New Jersey Freie Zeitung. Weekly, on Sunday. Republi- 
can. Published at the New Jersey Freie Zeitung office. 

UNION (Colored) — Orange. Saturday. Republican. George 
R. Pratt, editor. 

NEWARK PIONEER (German) — Newark. Weekly. Inde- 
pendent. F. E. Adler & Co., publishers. 

TOWN TALK — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent 
Democratic. T. E. Burke and Herman E. L. Beyer, edi- 
tors and publishers. 

NEW JERSEY TRADE REVIEW— Newark. Semi-monthly. 
Commercial. Paul V. Flynn, editor and publisher. 

RAILROAD EMPLOYEE— Newark. Monthly. Benjamin E. 
Chapin, editor and publisher. 

THE MONITOR — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Catholic. 
The Monitor Company. Rev. Wm. P. Cantwell, editor-in- 
chief. 

THE AMERICAN ISSUE^Newark. Bi-Weekly. Anti- 
Saloon. Samuel Wilson, editor. 

FRUSTA LA (Italian)— Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. 

LA MONTAGNA (THE MOUNTAIN) (Italian)— Newark. 
Republican. Weekly, on Saturday. F. A. Fiore, editor. 

THE REVIEW— LA RI VISTA (Italian and English)— New- 
ark. Weekly. Richard F. Mattia, proprietor. 

KRONIKA (Polish) — Newark. Weekly, on Thursday. Po- 
litical, industrial and commercial. Kronika Publishing 
Company, proprietors. Managing editor, Boleslaw J. 
Strzelecki. 

L'ORA — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. Pas- 
quale Matulla, editor and proprietor. 

THE ORANGE ADVERTISER— Orange. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Orange Advertiser Publishing Com- 
pany. Robert Wright, president. F. C. Shann, editor. 

ORANGE VOLKSBOTE (German) — Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent Republican. John F. Kern, edi- 
tor and proprietor. 

THE ORANGE ADVOCATE — Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. Frank W. Baldwin, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

AMERICAN LABOR STANDARD— Orange. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Edgar Williamson, editor and proprietor. 

LA VERITA — Orange. Weekly. Independent. John Pon- 
zini, owner. Loui De Fabrettl, editor. 

EAST ORANGE RECORD— East Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. L. C. Gilles, editor and publisher. 

THE INDEPENDENT PRESS— Bloomfield. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Press Publishing Co., publishers. 
Charles R. Blunt, editor. 

MONTCLAIR TIMES — Montclair. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Established 1877 by A. C. Studer, editor and 
publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 233 

THE MONTCLAIR HERALD— Montclair. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Montclair Herald Company, publishers. 

THE EASTERN OBSERVER (Colored)— Montclair. 
Weekly, on Saturday. J. E. Sadler, publisher. 

THE MONTCLAIRIAN — Montclair. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Western Essex Publishing Co. W. H. Van Wart, president. 

THE CLINTON WEEKLY— I.rvington. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. The Clinton Publishing Co. Walter S. 
Gray, managing editor. 

THE HOME NEWS — Maplewood. Weekly. Independent. 
Suburban Publishing Company. J. Kempson, editor. 

THE SHORT HILLS ITEM— Short Hills. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Frank Wright, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE CALDWELL PROGRESS— Caldwell. Weekly, on Fri- 
day, Independent. The Progress Publishing Company. 
William H. Van Wart, editor and publisher. 

SUN — Nutley. Weekly, on Saturday. E. B. Foy, publisher. 
Johnson Foy, editor. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

THE CONSTITUTION — Woodbury. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Republican. The Constitution Company, publishers. 
Louis W. Albright, editor. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Woodbury. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. J. D. Carpenter, editor and 
publisher. 

WEEKLY ITEM— Newfield. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. J. Hampton Leonard, editor and publisher. 

ENTERPRISE — Glassboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. A. M. SeabTook. editor and publisher. 

THE NEWS — Swedesboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
Wilbur Knight Sloan, editor and publisher. 

WOODBURY DAILY TIMES — Woodbury. Daily, except 
Sunday. Independent-Republican. J. Frank Wilson, edi- 
tor and publisher. 

THE SUN — Paulsboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
Charles M. Gwilliam, editor and publisher. 



HUDSON COUNTY. 

THE JERSEY JOURNAL— Jersey City. Afternoon. Re- 
publican. Evening Journal Association, publishers. 
Joseph A. Dear, editor. 

JERSEY CITY HERALD— Jersey City. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. The Herald Company, proprietors. Robert 
Lelbra, editor and publisher. 

HUDSON COUNTY INDEPENDENT— Jersey City. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. William H. Mclntyre, editor 
and owner. 



23 4 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE LABOR WORLD— Jersey City and New York. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. Leon C. Sutton, editor and 
publisher. 

JUSTICE— Jersey City. Offldal organ of the liquor in- 
terests of the State. First and third Ttiesdays in each 
month. J. H. Buckridge, managing editor. 

THE OBSERVER— Hoboken. Afternoon. Democratic. Ho- 
boken Printing and I'ublishing Company, publishers. John 
P. McCormick, editoi'. 

THE INQUIRER — Hoboken. Weekly, on Saturday. Demo- 
cratic. Thomas F. Martin, proprietor. Haddon Ivins, 
editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DEMOCRAT (German) — Hoboken. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. William Faas, pub- 
lisher and editor. 

BAYONNE HERALD — Bayonne. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. Estate o.f H. C. Page, publishers. Hugh H. 
Mara, editor. 

EVENING TIMES AND BAYONNE DAILY TIMES— Daily, 
except Sunday. Independent. Evening Times Printing 
and Publishing Company, proprietors. George H. Burch, 
editor. 

THE DAILY REVIEW — Bayonne. Afternoon. Argus Free 
Press Publishing Co. W. H. Barbour, editor. 

BAYONNE DEMOCRAT— Bayonne.' Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Michael R. Freel, editor and proprietor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DISPATCH— Union Hill. Daily. In- 
dependent Democratic. Dispatch Printing Company, pub- 
lishers. Thomas F. Martin, editor. 

KEARNY RECORD— Harrison. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Democratic. Philip A. McAviney, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE OBSERVER— Arlington. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. W. W. Beadell, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

WEST HUDSON PRESS — Kearny. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. John J. Fagan, publisher. James J. Mc- 
Ateer. editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY REVUE (German)— Town of Union. 
Democratic. Weekly, on Saturday. Robert Benning, 
owner. Paul E. Nehring, editor. 

NORTH HUDSON NEWS— West Hoboken. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Dixie Anzer, editor and proprietor. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Flemington. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Democratic. Anthony Killgore, eriitor and 
proprietor. 

DEMOCRAT-ADVERTISER — Flemington. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. A. T. Voorhees, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 235 



HUNTERDON REPUBLICAN— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Wednesdaj-. Republican. W. A. Abbott, editor and pro- 
prietoi-. 

THE BEACON — Lambertville. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic! Pbineas K. Hazen & Son, proprietors. J. N. 
Hazen, editor. 

THE LAMBERTVILLE RECORD — Lambertville. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Theodore G. Kitchen, editor. 
Wickecheoke Corporation, owners. 

THE CLINTON DEMOCRAT— Clinton. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. Leon A. Carpenter, editor and 
publisher 

HUNTERDON INDEPENDENT— Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. J. B. Stout, editor and publisher. 

THE FRENCHTOWN STAR— Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. William H. Sipes, editor and 
publisher. 

MILFORD LEADER— Milford. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. W. H. Farrand, proprietor and editor. 

WEEKLY AVALANCHE— Glen Gardner. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. E. W. Rush, editor and publisher. 

THE HUNTERDON GAZETTE— High Bridge. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. High Bridge Printing Company, 
proprietor. Harry C. Van Derveer, editor. 

WEEKLY REVIEW — White House Station. Independent. 
F. R. Shampanore, publisher and editor. 

MERCER COUNTY. 

STATE GAZETTE— Trenton. Daily. Independent Repub- 
lican. The State Gazette Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Thomas B. Holmes, editor. Charles H. Baker, business 
manager. 

THE TRENTON EVENING TIMES— Trenton. Afternoon. 
Independent. Trenton Times Company, publishers. James 
Kerney, editor. Owen Moon, Jr., business manager. 

THE NEW JERSEY STAATS JOURNAL (German)— Tren- 
ton. Weekly. Republican. William Zenzer, editor and 
proprietor. 

SUNDAY TIMES-ADVERTISER— Trenton. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Independent. Trenton Times, proprietors. Thomas 
F. Waldron, editor. Owen Moon, Jr., business manager. 

TRADES UNION ADVOCATE— Trenton. Weekly, Friday. 
Labor. Reuben Forker, editor and publisher. 

THE FUGGETLENSEY (Hungarian News) — Trenton. Hun- 
garian. Weekly. Independent A. O. Zamborv. proprietor. 

LA BATTAGLIA (Italian)— Trenton. Weekly. Joseph 
Schiavoni, publisher. 

L'lTALO AMERICANO (Italian) — Trenton. Weekly. 
Michael Commini, editor. 



236 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE TRENTON BULLETIN— Trenton. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent, Forrest R. Dye, editor and publisher. 

MERCER COUNTY SOCIALIST — Trenton. Weekly. Bar- 
nett Spector, manager. 

MERCER COUNTY POST — Pennington. , Republican. 
Weekly, on Friday. Post Publishing Co., publishers. 

HIGHTSTOWN GAZETTE— Hightstown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. George P. Dennis, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

PRINCETON PRESS— Princeton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Edwin M. Norris, editor and proprietor. 

THE DAILY PRINCETONIAN — Princeton. Published 
daily, except Sundays, during the college year. Devoted 
to the interests of Princeton University. Edited by stu- 
dents. 

THE HOPEWELL HERALD — Hopewell. Weekly, on Tues- 
day. Independent. Race & Savidge, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

THE PENNINGTON POST — Pennington. Democratic. 
Weekly, on Wednesdays. Edward F. Connelly, editor and 
publisher. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

THE HOME NEWS — New Brunswick. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. Home News Publishing Com- 
pany, proprietors. Hugh Boyd, president ; Arthur H. 
Boyd, secretary and treasurer. William B. Boyd, vice 
president. 

THE WEETKLY HOME NEWS— New Brunswick. Published 
every Thursday afternoon. Independent. Arthur H. 
Boyd, editor. 

THE TIMES— New Brunswick. Morning. Independent. 
The Times Publishing Company. George D. Johnson, editor. 

THE EVENING NEWS— Perth Amboy. Daily. Independ- 
ent. Perth Amboy Evening News Company. J. Logan 
Clevenger, editor. 

PLAIN DEALER — Perth Amboy. Weekly. Democratic. 
Plain Dealer Publishing Company. George S. Walker, 
editor. 

THE LEADER— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Woodbridge IVintery, publishers. Mark J. 
Boyle, editor. 

THE RECORDER — Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. * Charles A. Prickitt, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE ADVANCE — Jamesburg. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Printed and published by the New Jersey State School 
for Boys. F. L. Foster, editor. 

THE CITIZEN — South Amboy. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. South Amboy Printing Company, publishers. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 237 

THE PRESS— Cranbury. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
George W. Burroughs, editor. Press Printing Comt)any, 
proprietors. 

THE DUNELLEN WEEKLY CALL — Dunellen. Weekly, on 
Thursday. George W. Day, proprietor. 

THE ROOSEVELT NEWS — Roosevelt. Republican, Weekly, 
on Friday. Published by The News Publishing Com- 
pany. Thomas Yorke, manager. 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

THE MONMOUTH INQUIRER— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Maxcy Applegate, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONMOUTH DEMOCRAT— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Joseph A. Yard, editor and man- 
ager. 

THE TRANSCRIPT— Freehold. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Moreau Bros. (Alex. L. Moreau), publishers and 
proprietors. 

NEW JERSEY STANDARD— Red Bank. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. William A. Sweeney, editor. Standard 
Publishing Company, proprietors. 

RED BANK REGISTER — Red Bank. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Independent. John H. Cook, editor and proprietor. 

KETi'I^ORT ENTERPRISE— Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. A. F. Walling, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT WEEKLY — Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. Pro- 
gressive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE LONG BRANCH RECORD— Long Branch. Daily and 
weekly, on Friday. Independent Democratic. F. M. Tay- 
lor Publishing Company. Charles L. Edwards, manager ; 
Benj. Boisseau Bobbitt. editor. 

THE LONG. BRANCH PRESS— Long Branch. Weekly. In- 
dependent. Long Branch Press Company. W. J. Smythe, 
Jr., editor. 

THE MATAWAN JOURNAL — Matawan. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Progressive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, 
editor and proprietor. 

THE SHORE PRESS— Asbury Park. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Democratic. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietor. 

THE EVENING PRESS— Asbury Park. Daily. Democratic. 
J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietor. 

THE MORNING PRESS — Asbury Park. Daily during June, 
July, August and September. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and 
proprietor. 

OCEAN GROVE TIMES— Ocean Grove. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. J. E. Quinn, editor. 

THE ADVERTISER— Eatontown. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. William T. Cole, editor, publisher and pro- 
prietor. 



238 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE COAST STAR — Manasquan. Weekly, on Friday. Re- 
pulDlican. Tracy M. Hoskins, editor and proprietor. 

MANASQUAN NEWS — Manasquan. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Theo. F. Hults, editor and proprietor. 

THE COAST ADVERTISER— Belmar. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. Fayette S. Berggren and H. C. Higgins, 
editors and publishers. 

THE JOURNAL— Atlantic Highlands. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. The Journal Company, proprietors. 
Harry B. Hart, editor. 

SPRING LAKE GAZETTE— Spring Lake Beach. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. John L. CoflBn, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

MONMOUTH PRESS— Atlantic Highlands. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. Co-operative Press Company, pub- 
lishers. William J. Leonard, editor. 

SEA BRIGHT SENTINEL— Sea Bright. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Co-operative Press Company, pub- 
lishers. William J. Leonard, editor. 

ALLENTOWN MESSENGER— Weekly, on Thursday. J. W. 
Naylor, editor and publisher. 

THE SEACOAST NEWS— Bradley Beach. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. C. W. Smith, editor and publisher. 

THE BEACON— Keansburg. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor and proprietor. 

THE KEANSBURG NEWS— Keansburg. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. P. Licari, owner. F. R. Nichols, editor. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

THE JERSEYMAN— Morristown. Weekly, on Friday. Re- 
pubMcan. Cornelia H. and A. Vance Pierson, proprietors. 
A. Vance Pierson, editor. 

TRUE DEJklOCRATIC BANNER— Morristown. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Louis A. Vogt, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE DAILY TIMES AND MORRIS COUNTY CHRONICLE 
— Morristown. Daily. Republican. A. Vance and Frank 
A. Pierson, editors and managers. Daily Times Co., pub- 
lishers. 

MORRIS COUNTY PRESS— Morristown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. David King, editor. Press Publishing 
Co., publishers. 

THE DAILY RECORD— Mon-istown. Independent. E. H. 
Tomlinson, proprietor. 

DOVER INDEX — Dover. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. 
Frank F. Hummell. editor and proprietor. 

THE DOVER ADVANCE — Dover. Semi-weekly. Mondays 
and Thursdays. Republican. Harry R. Gill, editor and 
publisher. 

THE BULLETIN — Boonton. W^eekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. Samuel L. Garrison, editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 239 

THE TIMES — BoontoD. Weekly, on Thursday. Independ- 
ent. Charles L. Grubb, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE— Madison. Weekly, on Friday. Independent 
Republican. John E. Clarey. Jr., editor and publisher. 

THE RECORD — Rockaway. Weekly, on Friday. Independ- 
ent. Sidney Collins, editor and publisher. 

THE STANHOPE EAGLE— Netcong. Independent. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. George T. Keech, editor and proprietor. 

CHATHAM PRESS— Chatham. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. J. Thomas Scott, editor and proprietor. 

THE BUTLER ARGUS— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. A. 
M. MacLeod and J. White, editors and publishers. 

OCEAN COUNTY. ' 

NEW JERSEY COURIER— Toms River. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. W. H. Fischer, editor and proprietor. 

NEW JERSEY TRIBUNE— Toms River. Weekly. Demo- 
cratic. Roseby H. Crane, editor and manager. 

TIMES AND JOURNAL— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Times and Journal Publishing Company. 
H. Douglas Rhodes, editor and manager. 

THE BEACON — Point Pleasant. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Fred. C. Havens, editor and proprietor. 

THE TUCKERTON BEACON— Tuckerton. Weekly. E. Moss 
Mathis. editor and publisher. 

LAKEWOOD CITIZEN— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Republican. Harry T. Hagaman, editor and 
publisher. 

PRESS — New Egypt. Weekly, on Friday. Moore Bros., pub- 
lishers. W. Clement Moore, editor. 

OCEAN COUNTY REVIEW — Seaside Heights. Weekly. 
Shore Review Publishing Co. William H. Magill, editor 
and president. 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

THE PATERSON I'RESS-(iUARDIAN— Paterson. Daily, 
afternoon, except Sunday. Independent. Guardian Print- 
ing and Publishing Co., publishers. John L. Matthews, 
editor. 

THE MORNING CALL— Paterson. Daily, except Sunday. 
Republican. Call Piinting and Publishing Company, pro- 
prietors and publishers. Joseph E. Crowell, editor. Gar- 
ret II. Sturr. business manager. 

EVENING NEWS — Paterson. Daily, afternoon, except Sun- 
day. Independent. News Printing and Publishing Com- 
pany, proprietors. II. B. Haines, editor ; J. C. Levine, 
business mnuager. 

SUNDAY CHRONICLE— Paterson. Sunday. Independent. 
The Guardian Printing and Publishing Company, publishers 
and proprietors. William B. Bryant, business manager. 
John L. Matthews, editor. 



240 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

DB TELEGRAF (Holland) — Paterson. Weekly. Republi- 
can. Coi'nelius Poelstra, publisher and editor. 

HET OOSTEN (Holland) — Paterson. Weekly. Independent. 
Lent & Overpeck, publishers. 

IL MASSAGGERO (Italian)— Paterson. Weekly. V. D. 
Ainto, editor. 

PASSAIC HERALD — Passaic. Daily, afternoon, except 
Sunday. Independent. Charles R. Long, publisher. Neal 
G. Adair, editor. 

PASSAIC DAILY NEWS— Passaic. Daily, afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. George M. Hartt. editor. 
News Publishing Company, proprietors and publishers. 
James T. P.arker, business manager. 

THE BULLETIN^Pompton Lakes. Weekly. H. L. Wells 
& Son, publishers. 

WOCHENBLATT (German)— Passaic. Saturday. Mrs. M. 
E. Lindensthrut, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE— Little Falls. Weekly. James Steel, editor 
and proprietor. 

SLOVAK REVIEW (Slavish) — Passaic. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. Julius M. Pletenik, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

POLISH WEEKLY NEWS— Passaic. Weekly. Independent. 
John Wegrzynski, editor and publisher. 

DIE TZEIT (Jewish) — Passaic. Weekly, on Friday. Soci- 
alist. Die Tzeit Publishing Company. Charles Dann, 
secretary. 

SZABAD SAJTO (Hungarian) — Passaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. H. Virag, publisher. 

PASSAIC REVUE (German)— Passaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. Carl Posewitz, publisher. 

THE CLIFTON PRESS— Clifton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Leon L. Hortsmann, proprietor and editor. 



SALEM COUNTY. 

SALEM STANDARD AND JERSEYMAN— Salem. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Standard and Jerseyman 
Company, publishers. William H. Chew, editor. 

SALEM SUNBEAM — Salem. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Sunbeam Publishing Company, publishers. Charles 
F. Pancoast, editor. 

THE MONITOR-REGISTER— Woodstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Ben.1amin Patterson, proprietor. 

PENNSGROVE RECORD — Pennsgrove. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. W. A. Summerill, proprietor. 

ELMER TIMES — Elmer. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. 
S. P. Foster, editor. Elmer Times Company, publishers. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 241 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 

THE SOMERSET MESSENGER— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Democratic. J. B. Varley, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE UNIONIST-GAZETTE— Somerville. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. The Unionist-Gazette Association, pub- 
lishers. Charles H. Bateman. editor and manager. 

THE SOMERSET DEMOCRAT— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Carlton P. Hoagland, editor and 
proprietor. 

BOUND BROOK CHRONICLED— Bound Brook. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. W. B. R. Mason, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

STATE CENTRE-RECORD— Bound Brook. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Daniel D. Clark, Jr., editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE NEWS-RECORDER — Bernardsville. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. .Independent. Recorder Publishing Company, pro- 
prietors. H. B. Adsit, editor and business manager. 



SUSSEX COUNTY. 

THE SUSSEX REGISTER— Newton. Weekly, on Thursday 
Republican. Allen S. Page, editor and publisher. James 
Lynch, assistant editor. 

THE NEW JERSEY HERALD— Newton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Jacob L. Bunnell and Martin J. Cox, 
editors and proprietors. Hency C. Bonnell, assistant edi- 
tor. 

SUSSEX INDEPENDENT— Sussex. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. J. J. Stanton and C. G. Wilson, ditors. 
Irvin D. Shorter, assistant editor. 

THE WANTAGE RECORDER— Sussex. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. C. E. Stickney, editor. 

THE MILK REPORTER— Sussex. Monthly. Agriculture. 
John J. Stanton, editor and proprietor. Irvin D. Shorter. 
assistant editor. 



UNION COUNlTf. 

ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAL— Elizabeth. Afternoon. 
Republican. Augustus S. Crane, publisher. Geo. W. 
Swift, editor. 

THE EVENING TIMES— Elizabeth. Democratic. The 
Elizabeth Printing and Publishing Company. L. T. Rus- 
sell, owner and editor. 

THE RAHWAY RECORD— Rahway. Semi-weekly. Inde- 
pendent. Rahway Publishing Company, publishers. H. 
B. Rollinson, president and editor. 

16 



242 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

PLAINFIELD DAILY PRESS — Plainfleld. Independent. 
Published by the Plainfleld Press Company. J. Franklin 
Fort, president. Leslie R. Fort, managing editor. 

THE PLAINFIELD COURIER-NEWS— Plainfleld. After- 
noon. Republican. Courier News Publishing Company. 
Charles Hamilton Frost, manager. 

THE SUMMIT RECORD — Summit. Democratic. Weekly. 
Alfred J. Lane, editor and proprietor. 

THE SUMMIT HERALD — Summit. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. J. W. Clift, publisher and proprietor. Fred 
W. Clift, editor. 

THE UNION COUNTY STANDARD— Westfield. Weekly, on 
Friday. The Standard Publishing Concern. Byron M. 
Prugh, managing editor. 

THE CRANFORD CHRONICLE — Weekly, on Thursday. 
Hugh Hearon, owner. Frederick T. Frazer. editor. 

THE CRANFORD CITIZEN— Cranford. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. James R. Warner, editor and man- 
ager. 

THE WESTFIELD LEADER — Westfleld. Weekly. on 
Wednesday. Independent. Westfield Leader Publishing 
and Printing Company, proprietors. Walter J. Lee, edi- 

tOT. 

THE PASSAIC VALLEY NEWS— New Providence. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Willis Fletcher Johnson, 
editor and publisher. 



WARREN COUNTY. 

BELVIDERE APOLLO— Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 

Republican. J. Madison Drake. Jr., editor and proprietor. 
THE WARREN JOURNAL — Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 

Democratic. Smith Bros., editors and publishers. 
HACKETTSTOWN GAZETTE— Hackettstown. Weekly, on 

Friday. Democratic. Charles Rittenhouse, editor and 

publisher. 
WARREN REPUBLICAN— Hackettstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Curtis Bros., proprietors. George P. 

Curtis, editor. 
THE WASHINGTON STAR— Washington. Weekly, on 

Thursday. Democratic. Charles L. Stryker, editor and 

proprietor. 
THE BLAIRSTOWN PRESS— Blairstown. Weekly, on 

Wednesday, Independent. DeWitt C. Carter, editor and 

publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 243 

SUMMARY. 



^ i/C tf. 

County. c a 



o a 



:^ ^ ^ :S Q 5 H 

Atlantic 2 1 11 10 . . 4 14 

Bergen 1 . . 17 8 1 9 18 

Burlington 1 . . 12 3 2 8 13 

Camden 2 16 8 1 6 15 

Cape May 10 6 . . 4 10 

Cumberland 3 4 3 1 3 7 

Essex 2 2 20 7 1 27 35 

Gloucester 1 6 4 2 1 7 

Hudson 5 13 2 7 9 18 

Hunterdon 12 1 4 7, 12 

Mercer 1 1 14 1 . . 15 16 

Middlesex 2 1 9 3 1 8 12 

Monmouth 1 3 22 5 8 13 26 

Morris 1 1 12 4 3 7 14 

Ocean 8 2 1 5 8 

Passaic 1 4 12 1 . . 16 17 

Salem 5 2 2 1 5 

Somerset 6 2 3 .1 6 

Sussex 5 1 2 2 5 

Union 4 8 4 2 6 12 

Warren 6 2 3 1 6 

Total 12 28 236 79 45 153 276 

There are 6 Sunday, 5 semi-weekly, 1 semi-monthly and 2 
monthly papers in the State. Labor. 3 ; Socialist, 4, and 
one each as follows : Religious, Colle^'e, Prohibition, Popu- 
list, Trade, Agriculture, Railroad Employes, Liquor Interests, 
Anti-Saloon and State Home for Boys. Ten are published 
in the German language, 10 Italian, 3 Hungarian, 2 Holland, 
2 Slavish, 3 Polish and 1 Hebrew. 

NEW JERSEY PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

President. Augustus C. Studer, Montclair Times ; Vice- 
President, Henry L. Berdan, Paterson Guardian ; Secretary, 
John W. Clift, Summit Herald ; Treasurer, W. B. R. Mason, 
Bound Brook Chronicle. 

Executive Committee — Aug. S. Crane, Elizabeth Journal ; 
John Z. Demarest, Bergen Record, Tenafly ; Charles H. Fol- 
well, Mount Holly Mirror ; J. W. Naylor, Allentown, Mes- 
senger ; D. P. Olmstead, Perth Amboy News ; J. Ward 
Richardson, Bridgeton News ; A. Vance Pierson, Morristown 
Jerseyman. 



244 APPROPRIATION LAW. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 



(For the year ending October 31st, 1916.) 

CHAPTER 405. 

An act making appropriations for the support of the State 
government and for the several public purposes for the 
fiscal year ending October 31st, 1916. 

Be it enacted 6i/ the Senate and General Assembl-y of the 
State of New Jersey: 

1. The following sums, or so much thereof as may be 
necessary, be and they are appropriated out of the state fund 
for the respective public officers and for the several purposes 
herein specified, for the fiscal year ending on the 31st day 
of October, in the year 1916, namely : 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

For the Governor, for salary, $10,000. 

For the Secretary to the Governor, for salary, $4,000. 

For compensation for assistants in the executive depart- 
ment, $4,800. 

For blanks and stationery for the use of the executive 
department, $1,000. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the executive department, $2,000. 



OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER. 

For the Comptroller, for salary, $6,000. 

For the Deputy Comptroller, for salary $3,600. 

For compensation for clerical services and expenses, 
$8,600. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Comptroller, $1,500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Comptroller's office, $3,000. 

For salaries and expenses incident to the carrying out of 
the provisions of chapter 319. laws of 1913, $13,500. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
158, laws of 1914, $2,500. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 245 



OFFICE OF THE TREASURER. 

For the Treasurer, for salary, $6,000. 

For salary of Deputy Treasurer, $4,500. 

For compensation for clerical services in the 'oflSce of the 
Treasurer, $12,400. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Treasurer, $700. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of the Treasurer, $1,000. 

OFFICES OF THE STATE COMPTROLLER AND STATE 
TREASURER. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
288 of the laws of 1907, $5,000. 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE. 

For the Secretary of State, for salary, $6,000. 

For the Assistant Secretary of State, for salary, $3,000. 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of the 
Secretary of State, $22,500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of Secretary of State, $4,000. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Secretary of State, $13,000. 

For preserving old records by the Emery process, $1,000. 

For additional metallic cases for filing wills, etc, $1,000. 

For balance due MacCrellish and Quigley for printing 
1000 copies of the corporation index (contract made in 1912), 
$3,306.64. 

SECRETARY OF STATE, DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR 
VEHICLE REGULATION AND REGISTRATION. 

For salary for the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, $1,500. 

For salary for the chief inspector, $1,800. 

For compensation for inspectors, $28,350. 

For expenses and equipment of inspectors, $17,000. 

For compensation for clerical services, $9,750. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses, 
$5,500. 

For blanks and stationery, $7,500. 

For reimbursement of applicants for licenses who have 
made errors in the rating of their machines, $200. 

For the purchase and packing of identification marks and 
dies for use in connection with the same, $27,300 ; payment 
of the above items in this account to be made from the re- 
ceipts of the department of motor vehicle regulation and 
registration, pursuant to chapter 235, laws of 1909. 



246 APPROPRIATION LAW. 



ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Attorney-General, for salary, $7,000. 

For the Assistant Attorney-General, for salary, $5,000. 

For the second Assistant Attorney-General, for salary, 
$4,800. 

For compensation and expenses of assistants employed by 
the Attorney-General, $14,320. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the At- 
torney-General, $400. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Attbrney-General's department, $1,500. 

For compensation and expenses of counsel employed by 
the Attorney-General in foreign states, to collect taxes due 
from bankrupt and other insolvent corporations, $500. 



DEPARTMENT OF BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

For the Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, for 
salary, $6,000. 

For the Deputy Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, 
for salary, $3,500. 

For compensation for assistants in the Department of 
Banking and Insurance, $19,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the Department of 
Banking and Insurance, $5,000. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Department of Banking and Insurance, $5,000. 

For compensation of building and loan association ex- 
aminers. $20,000. 

For actual and necessary traveling and incidental per- 
sonal expenses of building and loan association examiners, 
$3,500. 

For necessary appraisals of real estate and all other in- 
cidental expenses in connection with examinations of build- 
ing and loan associations, $500. 



STATE BOARD OF TAXES AND ASSESSMENT. 

For salaries and expenses of the State Board of Taxes 
and Assessment, pursuant to chapter 244, laws of 1915, 
$40,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Health, 
provided said department is created by enactment of the 
present Legislature, $128,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 247 

COUNTY BOARDS OF TAXATION. 

For salaries of members of the county boards of taxation, 
$96,600. 

PUBLIC ROADS. 

For State Road Fund, includinj? cost of State highway 
survey, pursuant to chapter 396, laws of 1912, $500,000. 

For carrying into effect the provisions of chapter 223. 
laws of 1912, and any supplements thereto and amendments 
thereof, $65,000. 

For expenses of the department, including publication of 
bulletin, $17,500. 

For commissioner, for salary, $5,000. 

For State Highway Engineer, for salary, $4,000. 

For salaries of four division highway engineers, $7,150. 

For equipment, pay and expenses of surveying corps, 
$6,500. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

For the Librarian, for salary, $3,000. 

For compensation for assistants in the State Library, 
$3,300. 

For the i-epair, preservation and purchase of useful books 
for the State Library, $2,500. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage and other in- 
cidental expenses for the State Library, $650. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 29, laws of 1914, $1,000. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSION. 

For the purpose of caiTying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 62, laws of 1900 ; for clerical assistants, necessary 
traveling expenses and other expenses incurred by the com- 
mission, including the cost of conducting a summer school 
in library training or library institutes, and for carrying 
into effect the provisions of chapter 175, laws of 1898, and 
its supplements, providing for the establishing and mainte- 
nance of a system of traveling libraries ; and for the purpose 
of carrying into effect the provisions of chapter 115, laws 
of 1906, $16,000. 

For the formation and administration of libraries in the 
free public schools of the State, as provided by the general 
school law, supplemented by chapter 186, laws of 1914, 
$7,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Labor, 
$95,500. 



248 APPROPRIATION LAW, 



STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

For the State House Commission, for the care and safe- 
keeping of the State Capitol, the property therein and ad- 
jacent public grounds, insurance upon State Capitol and 
contents, and for expenses to be incurred in caiTying out 
the provisions of chapter 339 of the laws of 1894. $80,000. 

For the Old Barracks Association of Trenton, New Jersey, 
for maintenance, repairs and administration of the old bar- 
racks at Trenton, as a historical landmark and repository. 
$1,200. 

For the State House Commission, far the purpose of ex- 
cavating, filling, grading, placing top soils ; for laying out 
and constructing walks, paths and roads : for planting grass, 
trees, shrubs and so forth ; for laying out and constructing 
drains, gutters, and for any other improvement necessary or 
proper upon the lands in the rear of the State House, lying 
between the Delaware river and the water-power raceway, 
according to the adopted plan for the improvement thereof, 
or any modification thereof properly adopted ; and also for 
the acquisition by gift, purchase or condemnation, of such 
additional land as may be necessary or proper* lying be- 
tween the Delaware river and the water-power raceway, and 
between the westerly line of the State House grounds ex- 
tended and the Assunpink creek. $15,000. 

For the State House Commission for the complete restora- 
tion, and necessary reconstruction of the Old Barracks, and. 
in general, the restoration, reconstruction, improvement, fur- 
nishing and heating of the entire building, as disclosed by the 
plan of restoration ; the grading of land lying between the 
State House and Willow street and between State street and 
the water-power raceway ; laying out paths, walks, roads, 
etc.. and the construction thereof; laying out and construct- 
ing gutters and drains, planting grass, trees, shrubs, flowers, 
etc.;. and the moneys hereby appropriated may be used for 
the whole or any part of the purposes indicated, as in the 
discretion of the State House Commission may be proper, 
$15,000. 

For the State House Commission, for the construction of 
a glass partition in the Assembly Chamber. $1,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND 
DEVELOPMENT. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Conser- 
vation and Development, pursuant to chapter 241, laws of 
1915, $52,000. 

SUPREME COURT. 

For the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Su- 
preme Court, for salaries, $109,000. 

For the judges of the Circuit Court, for salaries, $63,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 249 

For compensation of sergeants-at-arms and criers, $1,300. 

For the payment of expenses incurred by the order of the 
Supreme Court pursuant to chapter 149 of the laws of 1900, 
$3,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use of the Chief Justice 
and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and incidental 
expenses, $250. 



OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

For the Clerk of the Supreme Court, for salary, $6,000. 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of the 
Clerk of the Supreme Court, $16,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Clerk of the Supreme Court, $1,550. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of the Clerk of the Supreme Court, $1,800. 

For fitting np new vault with steel cases, $2,200. 



COURT OF CHANCERY. 

For the Chancellor, for salary, $13,000. 

For the Vice-chancellors, for salaries, $96,000. 

For comipensation of sergeants-at-arms and traveling ex- 
penses, $6,700. 

For compensation of stenographers, and for services pur- 
suant to section 103 of chapter 158, laws of 1902, $21,000. 

For compensation and allowance of Advisory Masters and 
their official stenographers, $13,000. 

For rent of rooms in Atlantic City, Jersey City, Newark 
and Trenton, for the use of the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellors 
and Advisory Masters, $7,616. 

For miscellaneous expenses in connection with such rooms, 
$150. 

For compensation of stenographer for the Chancellor, 
$600. 

For allowance for stationery for the Court of Chancery, 
$500. 

For preparation and printing of new rules of the Court 
of Chancery, $600. 



OFFICE OF CLERK IN CHANCERY. 

For the Clerk in Chancery, for salary, $6,000. 

For compensation for clerical service in the office of the 
Clerk in Chancery, $37,000. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the Clerk 
in Chancery, $3,000. 

For postage, ^xpressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of the Clerk in Cnancery, $3,500. 



250 APPROPRIATION LAW. 



COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

For compensation of judges of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals, $20,000. 

For compensation of officers of tne Court of Errors and 
Appeals, $1,750. 

For furnishing printed or typewritten copies of draft 
opinions under the direction of the presiding judge, $1,000. 

For expressage and other incidental expenses for the 
court, $150. 

COURT OF PARDONS. 

For compensation for judges of Court of Pardons, $4,000. 
For compensation of subordinate officers and incidental 
expenses, $1,500. 

COURT EXPENSES. 

For compensation of judges of the Court of Common Pleas, 
pursuant to section 49, chapter 149 of the laws of 1900, $750. 



LAW AND EQUITY REPORTS. 

For the publication of the Chancery reports, $7,000. 

For the publication of the law reports, $4,000. 

For salary of Chancery reporter, $500. 

For salary of Supreme Court reporter, $500. 

For binding Chancery and law reports, $800. 



STENOGRAPHIC REPORTERS- 

For amount to be refunded to various counties in this 
State for salaries of stenographic reporters appointed by 
the justices of the Supreme Court, pursuant to chapter 81 
of the laws of 1901, $15,500. 



NATIONAL GUARD. 

For expenses for division, brigade and regimental head- 
quarters, $3,000. 

For allowances for two batteries of artillery, $2,000 each, 
$4,000. 

For allowance for three troops of cavalry, at $2,000 each, 
including rent of armory. $6,000. 

For allowances for 60 companies of infantry, at $500 
each, $30,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 251 

For allowance for 1 signal and telegraph corps, $2,000. 

For transportation for battalion drills, inspections, parades, 
and for pay and expenses of inspecting officers, $4,500. 

For compensation of officers and employees, and expenses 
Incurred in connection with rifle practice, $8,000. 

For pay of officers and enlisted men, and expenses in con- 
nection with the annual encampment, $50,000. 

For compensation of the superintendent and employees, 
and for forage, fuel and maintenance of the State camp 
grounds, $8,000. 

For fuel, light and maintenance of the State arsenal, 
$1,500. 

For expenses of military boards and courts-martial, $1,000. 

For transportation of disabled soldiers of the late re- 
bellion and the Spanish-American war, $30. 

For maintaining, heating and lighting regimental armories 
at Jersey City, Camden, Newark, Paterson and Trenton, at 
$4,400 each, $22,000. 

For maintaining, heating and lighting battery troop and 
battalion armories at Newark, East Orange, Camden, Eliza- 
beth, Red Bank and Orange, $20,000. 

For maintaining, heating and lighting company armories 
at Somerville, Hackensack, Bridgeton, Asbury Park and New 
Brunswick, $1,500 each, $7,500. 

For insuring regimental armories, buildings at the State 
camp grounds at Sea Girt, the State arsenal and all public 
military stores, $4,880. 

For horse allowance to officers required to be mounted for 
duty at annual encampment, $2,500. 

For ordnance stores, uniforms, clothing, camp and garri- 
son equipage, freight and expressage and miscellaneous sup- 
plies, $10,000. 

For allowances for uniforms and equipments for officers 
of regiments, troops, batteries, companies, signal corps, and 
the naval reserve, as provided in section 127 of "An act 
concerning the militia of the State," approved May 16, 1906, 
$6,500. 

For horse allowance to mounted organizations providing 
horses for State service, at fifty dollars per horse per annum, 
$4,900. 

For support and maintenance of the field hospital and 
medical corps, $1,500. 

For traveling expenses of United States army officers de- 
tailed to the State by the War Department as Instructor- 
Inspectors of the National Guard, $1,000. 

For pay of clerk attached to Inspector-Instructors' office, 
$600. 

For construction of armory for first battalion. 5th regi- 
ment, at Orange, pursuant to chapter 45, laws of 1011, 
$20,000. 

For salary of caretaker of military equipment of signal 
corps company, $900. 



252 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For extraordinary repairs, alterations, additions and fur- 
nishings for the preservation, equipment and completion of 
armories at Newark, Trenton, Jersey City. Camden, Paterson, 
Red Bank, Some.rville and New Brunswick. $8,000. 

For construction of two jetties and repairing and re- 
placing bulkheads on the ocean front of the State camp 
grounds, Sea Girt, and payment of engineering fees, $10,000. 

For claims for clothing reimbursement and extra com- 
pensation under the acts of March 22, 1899, and March 25, 
1903. $32.37. 



NAVAL RESERVE. 

First battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500. 

For battalion headquarters, $300. 

For pay of shipkeeper, maintenance and expenses, $6,500. 

For pay and expenses of officers and men on annual cruise 
and practice cruises, $4,800. 

Second battalion, in lieu of company allowances. $1,500. 

For battalion headquarters. $300. 

For pay of shipkeeper. maintenance and expenses. $6,500. 

For pay and expenses of officers and men on annual cruise 
and practice cruises, $4,800. 



SEA GIRT COTTAGE. 

For maintenance of cottage at Sea Girt and entertainment 
therein, $3,000. 



ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Adjutant-General, for salary. $2,500. 

For compensation for clerical service in the Adjutant- 
General's office, $7,750. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the Adjutant-Gene- 
ral's office. $1,500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Adjutant-General's office. $1,000. 

For annual dues to Interstate National Guard Associa- 
tion for the year 1916, $50. 

For printing, binding and distributing the annual report 
of the proceedings of the department of New Jersey. Grand 
Army of the Republic, $500. 

For clerical services and expenses incident to the com- 
pilation of the roster of officers and enlisted men of New 
Jersey in the Revolutionary and other wars, at Trenton, New 
Jersey, and elsewhere, $2,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 253 



QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Quartermaster-General, for salary, $2,500. 

For compensation for assistants in the department of the 
Quartermaster-General, namely : , 

For chief clerk, for salary, $2,500. 

For clerks, for salaries, $4,840. 

For military storekeeper, for salary, $1,200. 

For carpenter, machinist and to persons having in charge 
accoutrements, etc., cleaning arms, etc., teamster and laborer, 
for salaries, $3,600. 

For blanks and stationery for use in Quartermaster- 
General's department, $500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Quartermaster-General's department, $450. 



TRANSFER INHERITANCE TAX. 

For surrogate's fees, appraisers' compensation and ex- 
penses, legal and other disbursements, and for the purpose 
of carrying out the provisions of the inheritance laws, 
$90,000. 



COLLATERAL INHERITANCE TAX. REFUND. 

For the repayment of collateral inheritance taxes paid, 
as assessed under the collateral inheritance tax act and to 
the refund of which the estate having made payment may 
be entitled under the decision of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals of this State, rendered July 8, 1910. In re Dixon v. 
Russell (Collard Estate), also those estates which having 
made payment may be entitled to refund under the decision 
of the Supreme Court, In re Moss v. Edwards, rendered 
July 17, 1912 (John L. Foote Estate), provided the appli- 
cation for such repayment shall be made within two (2) 
years from the date of payment of such tax. Payment of 
such claims shall be made only when proven in form, man- 
ner and substance to the satisfaction of the State Comp- 
troller and approved by the Attorney-General of this State, 
$20,000. 



DEPARTMENT OF CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

For salary of commissioner, $4,000. 

For salary of assistant (architect). $3,600. 

For salaries of draughtsmen. $7,000. 

For allowance for clerical service, $6,150. 



254 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For traveling expenses of commissioner and assistants, 
$1,500. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, etc., $2,250. 

For researcli work, $1,600. 

For salaries and expenses of two regular inspectors, and 
ex^ra as needed. $4,500. 

For services of engineers, surveyors and other technical 
services as needed, $2,000. 

For deportation of aliens. $4,000. 

For salary and expenses of agent for inspecting insti- 
tutions applying for certification of endorsement, pursuant 
to chapter 97, laws of 1914, and chapter 118. laws of 1914, 
$1,500. 

NEW JERSEY CONFERENCE OF CHARITIES AND 
CORRECTIONS. 

For printing and distributing the proceedings of the an- 
nual conference of the New Jersey Conference of Charities 
and Corrections, for the year 1915, $600. 

STATE BOARD OF TENEMENT HOUSE SUrERVISION. 

For rent of offices, $2,500. 

For printing and stationery. $1,000. 

For clerical service and stenographer. $5,400. 

For salary of architect and plan examiner. $l.S0O. 

For salai'y of chief inspector. $1,400. 

For thirty inspectors, $1,200 each, $36,000. 

For assistant plan examiner. $1,350. 

For salaries of six clerks. $9,450. 

For secretary and executive officer. $3,600 

For incidentals, posta.ge and expressage, $2,000. 

For inspectors' expenses. $4,000. 

For traveling expenses of executive officer and plan exami- 
ners, $400. 

For expenses of members of the Board of Tenement 
House Supervision, $250. 

For office furnishings and supplies, $200. 

CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION. 

For salaries and expenses of the Civil Service Commission, 
$48,000. . 

For salaries and expenses in carryinr out the ])rovisions 
of chapter 183, laws of 1911, $6,500 

The said commission is authorized to expend the sums 
hereby appropriated or so much thereof as may be necessary, 
notwithstanding any express or imiplied limitation upon such 
expenditures contained in section 6 of chapter 156 of the 
laws of 1908. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 255 



BOARD OF PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSIONERS. 

For salaries and expenses of the Board of Public Utility 
Commissioners, $140,000. 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC REPORTS. 

For salary of Commissioner of Public Reports. $2,000. 
For salary of clerk, $600. 

For blanks and stationery for use of the department, $25. 
For postage, expressage and other Incidental expenses for 
the department, $75. 



STATE WATER-SUPPLY COMMISSION. 

For salaries of commissioners, $8,500. 

For salary of secretary, $1,700. 

For salary of stenographer, blanks, stationery, postage and 
other incidental expenses of the commission, $1,000. 

For engineers, inspectors, field work, etc., $2,000. 

For dam inspection and supervision in conformity with 
the provisions of chapter 243, laws of 1912, $800. 



BOARD OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Commerce 
and Navigation, pursuant to chapter 242, laws of 1915, 
$55,000. 



DEPARTMENT OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Weights 
and Measures, pursuant to chapter 201. laws of 1911. $11,000. 



STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. 

For necessary expenses of the State Board of Education. 
$2,600. 

COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION. 

For salary of commissioner, $10,000. 

FoT salaries of four assistants, $18,000. 

For clerical .services, $19,000. 

For salary of inspector of buildings, $2,000. 



256 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For salary of inspector of accounts, $2,000. 

For blanks, stationery and printing, $16,000. 

For incidental expenses, $10,000. 

For 2,500 copies of the Manual of the Legislature of New- 
Jersey, $2,500 ; provided, manuals are furnished for school 
use only, all public schools to be included in the distribution. 

The moneys in this item appropriated shall be deducted 
in the same manner as the moneys heretofore appropriated 
to the superintendent of public instruction are required to 
be deducted pursuant to chapter 65 of the laws of 1909. 

Fox educational bulletin, $1,400. 



STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT TRENTON. 

For the support of the State Normal School at Trenton, 
$80,000. 

For necessary repairs to the grounds, buildings and fur- 
niture, and for keeping the same insured, $12,000. 

For purchase of "tract number two" on Model avenue, 
$4,000 ; payments under this account to be made pursuant 
to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 



STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT MONTCLAIR. 

For support of the State Normal School at Montclair, 
$56,000. 

For necessary improvements and repairs to the grounds, 
buildings and furniture, and for keeping the same insured, 
$4,000. 

For maintenance of boarding hall, $3,500 ; payments 
under this account to be made pursuant to chapter 65, laws 
of 1909. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT NEWARK. 

For support of the State Normal Scliool at Newark, 
$65,000. 

For insurance -and repairs, $2,500 ; the moneys in tnis 
item appropriated to be deducted in the same manner as the 
moneys appropriated to Normal Schools are required to be 
deducted pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 



NEW JERSEY SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

To Samuel Powis, Jr., for stenographic services rendered 
the State Board of Education in connection with the in- 
vestigation of the New Jersey School for the Deaf, $830, in 
full for all claims for said work. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 257 

For the New Jersey School for the Deaf, for the teach- 
ing, maintenance and clothing of pupils taught therein, for 
purchase and repair of furniture, school apparatus and 
other appliances, for making needed improvements and re- 
pairs in the buildings and grounds, for insurance thereof, 
and for maintaining the system of manual and industrial 
education in said school, $60,000 ; payments to be made 
pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 



MANUAL TRAINING AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR 
COLORED YOUTH. 

For maintenance of the Manual Training and Industrial 
School for Colored Youth, $24,000 ; payments under this 
account to be made pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 



COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS. 

For county superintendents of schools, for salaries, 
$63,000 ; payment to be made pursuant to chapter 65, 
laws of 1909. 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS. 

For expenses incurred by the State Board of Examiners, 
$9,000. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 

For payments to schools established for industrial educa- 
tion, pursuant to chapter 78, laws of 1909, $30,000. 

For payments to schools for manual training, pursuant 
to article 22, section 230, school law of 1903, $210,000. Of 
the amount hereby appropriated the sum of $30,000, or so 
much thereof as may be necessary shall he available for 
payment of allowances made previous to the current fiscal 
year. 

PRACTICE TEACHING. 

For extra compensation to the teachers in the various 
school districts in the State, for training the pupils in the 
State Normal School at Trenton in the art of teaching, 
$6,500. 

For extra compensation to the teachers in the various 
school districts in the State, for training the pupils in the 
State Normal School at Montclair in the art of teaching. 
$9,850. 

For extra compensation to the teachers in the various 
school districts in the State, for training the pupils in the 
State Normal School at Newark in the art of teaching, 
$8,125. 

17 



258 APPROPRIATION LAW. 



EVENING SCHOOLS FOR FOREIGN-BORN RESIDENTS. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of an act 
entitled "An act providing for the estahlishment of evening 
schools for foreign-born residents in the State of New Jer- 
sey," approved April 11, 1907, $5,000 ; payment to be made 
pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 



TEACHERS' RETIREMENT FUND. 

To the board of trustees, for payment of expenses incurred 
in connection with the administration of the teachers' re- 
tirement fund, pursuant to chapter 139, laws of 1907, 
$7,762.96. 

To the State Treasurer, for expenses incurred in connec- 
tion with, the fund, pursuant to said chapter, as follows : 

For clerical services, $2,600. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage, etc., $600. 



TEACHERS' INSTITUTES. 

For expenses of teachers' institutes, $2,000. 

TEACHERS' LIBRARIES. 

For the establishment and maintenance of libraries for 
use of teachers, $400. 

• SUMMER COURSES IN AGRICULTURE, ETC. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
310, laws of 1913, $10,000; payment to be made as pro- 
vided by chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

DEPARTMENT OF SHELL FISHERIES. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Shell 
Fisheries, provided said department is created by enact- 
ment of the present Legislature, $15,000. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

For traveling expenses of managers, $500. 

For expenses in transferring insane convicts, $200. 

For medical examination of insane convicts, $500. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 259 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORRIS PLAINS. 

For maintenance of county patients, at the rate of $2 
per week ; for support and clothing of insane convicts, at 
the rate of $5 per week for each insane convict : and sup- 
port and clothing of indigent patients, at the rate of $4 
per week, $360,000. 

For salaries of officers, $25,000. 

For appraisement of personal property, $200. 

For insurance premiums, $6,000. 

For research work, $2,500. 

For amusement fund. $1,000. 

For repairs and ventilation, fourth floor alcoves and dining- 
room, $10,000. 

For slate roof for kitchen building, $950. 

For silo, $450. 

For water main to high pressure reservoir, $5,000. 

For books for patients' library, $200. 

For roof for tuberculosis building, $800. 

For addition to fire-house, $10,000. 



STATE HOSPITAL AT TRENTON. 

For maintenance of county patients, at the rate of $2 
per week, for support and clothing of insane convicts at the 
rate of $5 per week for each insane convict ; and support 
and clothing of indigent patients, at the rate of $4 per 
week. $220,000. 

For salaries of officers, $19,000. 

For appraisement of personal property. $200. 

For research work, $2,500. 

For fire insurance premiums. $8,000. 

For materials consisting of lead. oil. etc.. for painting 
purposes, $500. 

For fire protection consisting of fire-escapes, automatic 
sprinklers, fire-proof stairways and fixe walls, etc., $25,000. 

For laboratory supplies and apparatus, $1,000. 

For lumber for new floors, fences and general repairs, 
$2,000. 

For new furniture. $1,000. 

For electric supplies, including cable. $1,200. 

For labor and materials repairing greenhouses. $1,000. 

Labor and materials for repairing and painting mill and 
pumphouse. $500. 

For foundation and cement floor for repairing two summer 
houses, $275. ' 

For repointing buildings. $1,000. 

For stone, labor and materials for repairing roads or lay- 
ing new walks, $500. 

For furniture and equipment for criminal insane building, 
$10,000. 



260 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For furniture for psychopathic wards, $3,000. 

For labor and materials for painting interior of annex or 
so much thereof in proportion to the amount of the lowest 
bid as will come within the sum appropriated, namely, 
$5,000. 

For addition to new boiler house including buildings, 
machinery, air compressor, pump, etc., and fox piping to 
reservoir and from pumps to stand-pipe, building new reser- 
voir, etc., $85,000. 

COUNTY LUNATIC ASYLUMS. 

For the support of county patients in the Essex county 
lunatic asylum, $160,000. 

In the Hudson county lunatic asylum, $76,000. 
In the Camden county lunatic asylum, $24,000. 
In the Burlington county lunatic asylum, $16,200. 
In the Passaic county lunatic asylum, $4,000. 
In the Gloucester county lunatic asylum, $800. 
In the Cumberland county lunatic asylum, $13,000. 
In the Salem county lunatic asylum, $800. 
In the Atlantic county lunatic asylum, $11,000. 

STATE PRISON. 

For maintenance of the State Prison and maintenance of 
the convicts, $150,000. 

For maintenance of principal keeper and resident 
physician, pursuant to chapters 163 and 244 ol the laws of 
1906, $1,800. 

For furniture, appliances and repairs for residences of 
principal keeper and resident physician, $200. 

For furniture, appliances and repairs of State Prison 
and prison farm, $12,500. 

For the principal keeper, for salary, $3,500. 

For the physicians, deputy keepers and employes at prison 
and prison farm, fox salaries, $119,200. 

For the six inspectors, for salaries, $3,000. 

For traveling expenses of the Board of Inspectors, $1,000. 

For the keeper, for payments to discharged convicts, 
$3,500. 

For teacher and moral instructor to the convicts in the 
State Prison, for salary, $1,200. 

For traveling and other necessary expenses incurred by 
the parole agent, pursuant to chapter 232, laws of 1905, 
$500. 

For maintenance of the electrocution plant, pursuant to 
the pi'ovisions of chapter 79, laws of 1906, and acts amenda- 
tory thereto, $2,000. 

For the maintenance of a school in the State Prison, 
pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1907, $1,600. 

For bureau of identification, $200. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
372, laws of 1911, and amendments thereof and supple- 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 261 

ments thereto, or in the advent of any law creating a 
revolving fund or capital account for purposes of the State 
Use System for manufacturing at the State Prison, $25,000. 

For fertilizer, seeds, grain and forage at the prison farm, 
$2,500. 

For stock and implements at prison farm, $1,500. 

For medical attendance at State Prison, farm and camps, 
$300. 

For annual appraisement, $200. 

For insurance premiums, $2,500. 

For painting materials, $500. 

Transportation of prisoners and guards to and from 
farm and camps, $1,000. 

For resetting boiler, $500. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

For traveling and other ofllcial expenses of commis- 
sioners, $500. 

For the superintendent, for salary, $4,000. 

For the subordinate oflScers and employees, for salaries, 
$66,000. 

For maintenance, $60,000. 

For furniture, appliances and repairs (including indus- 
trial departments), $18,000. 

For the superintendent, for payments to discharged in- 
mates and recapturing escapes, $4,500. 

For traveling expenses of parole officers, $1,500. 

For fuel and water, $15,000. 

For farm live stock, implements, etc., $1,000. 

To superintendent, for allowance as rent for residence, 
$660. 

For traveling expenses for superintendent when on official 
business, $200. 

Materials for disciplinary building, $5,000. 

Materials for cement walks, $300. 

Materials for fire-sprinkling. $2,000. 

For working capital for State use svstem of prison labor, 
$5,000. 

For payments to inmates for wages for carrying out the 
provisions of chapter 269, laws of 1914, $2,000. 

Fire insurance premiums, $7,000. 

STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey State Home for Boys, 
for maintenance, not exceeding $200 per capita, $120,000. 

For the trustees of said borne, for expenses incurred by 
them in the discharge of their duties, $300. 

For repairs to the buildings and grounds, $4,000. 

For library books and periodicals, $200. 

Fire insurance premiums, $2,000. 



262 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey State Home for Girls, 
for maintenance, not exceeding $250 per capita, exclusive 
of salaries, $70,000. 

For the trustees of said home, for expenses incurred in 
the discharge of their duties, $4,000. 

For salaries and expenses of two parole oflBcers, $2,000. 

For a hospital fund, $500. 

For repairs to buildings, $2,500. 

For extension to Stokes cottage for laundry purposes, 
$1,500. 

The proceeds of sale of land are hereby appropriated for 
the purpose of purchasing additional land, pursuant to 
chapter 131, laws of 1915. 

VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

For expenses of managers, $600. 
For salaries of officers, $14,000. 

For maintenance, including fuel and light, $135,000. 
For furniture and equipment, $12,500. 

For extension of sewer and water systems, fire hydrants 
and repair of disposal plant, $20,000. 

SANATORIUM FOR TUBERCULOUS DISEASES. 
For maintenance, $130,000. 
For additional furnishings, $700. 
For duplicate pumping system, $1,800. 
For additional barn and stable room, $1,000. 

BLIND AND FEEBLE-MINDED. 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of the 
blind persons, inhabitants of this State, $18,000. 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of the 
feeble-minded persons, inhabitants of this State, $100,000.^ 

For housing, care and maintenance of feeble-minded chil- 
dren, including- feeble-minded blind and other special cases, 
$2,000, at a per capita not to exceed $400 per annum. 

For the care of feeble-minded cases in colonies maintained 
for that purpose at a rate not to exceed $230 per annum, 
$8,000. 

STATE INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE-MINDED. 
For maintenance, support and instruction of feeble-minded 
women, not exceeding $230 per capita, $150,000. 
For research work, $1,500. 
Fire insurance premiums. $3,100. 
General repairs and improvements, $5,500. 
For furnishing new building, $5,000. 
For furnishing bungalow, for employees, $1,500. 
Stock and farm equipment, $1,500. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 263 



STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN. 

For salaries of officers and employees, $6,500. 

For maintenance, not exceeding $250 per capita, $18,000. 

For the board of managers, for expenses incurred by them 
in the discharge of their duties, $300. 

For roads, $1,500. 

For electric current, including rental of lines from High 
Bridge, $1,250. 

For furnishing reception cottage and infirmary, $3,000. 

For repairs and improvements, including fire insurance, 
$3,000. 

For maintenance of farm and farm labor, $5,000. 

For purchase and planting of trees, fruit busbes, vines 
and plants, $500. 

For medical treatment and care, dentist, oculist, hospital 
treatment, recapture of runaways, and other unforeseen 
contingencies, $1,500. 



STATE BOARD OF CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 

To the State Board of Children's Guardians, for expenses, 
$20,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
281, laws of 1913, $15,000. 

COMMISSION FOR AMELIORATING THE CONDITION 
OF THE BLIND. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
136, laws of 1909, $10,000. 



BOARD OF ErXAMINERS OF FEEBLE-MINDED, EPILEP- 
TICS, CRIMINALS AND OTHji^R DEFECTIVES. 

For expenses incurred in carrying into effect tbe pro- 
visions of chapter 190, laws of 1911, $250. 



NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 

SAILORS, MARINES AND THEIR WIVES AND 

FOR THEIR WIDOWS, AT VINELAND. 

For salary of commandant, $1,500. 

For salary of adjutant, $1,000. 

For salaries of assistants, $21,000. 

For maintenance, $75,000. 

For fire insurance premiums, $350. 

For traveling expenses of the board of managers, $300. 



264 APPROPRIATION LAW. 



HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS AT KEARNY. 

For the support of the New Jersey Home for Disabled 
Soldiers at Kearny, and for the chaplain thereof, $65,000. 
For erecting new chapel and library building, $4,500. 

SOLDIERS' STATE PAY. 

For claims of volunteers in the Civil War, for State pay, 
pursuant to chapter 13 of the laws of 1861, $50. 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 

For the State Board of Agriculture, $11,000 ; provided, 
that if a bill now pending entitled "An act to establish a 
Department of Agriculture and to prescribe its powers and 
duties," shall become a law, this appropriation shall be 
deemed to have been made for the effectuation of the pro- 
visions of said act. , 

For the State Board of Agriculture, for the purpose of 
carrying out the provisions of an act to prevent the intro- 
duction into and spread of injurious insects in New Jersey, 
to provide a method for compelling their destruction, to 
create the office of State Entomologist, to authorize the 
inspection of nurseries and to provide certificates of in- 
spection, and the amendments thereof and supplements 
thereto, $6,000 ; provided, that if a bill now pending en- 
titled "An act to establish a Department of Agriculture 
and to prescribe its powers and duties." shall become a law, 
this appropriation shall be deemed to have been made for 
the effectuation of the provisions of said act. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
54, laws of 1911, and the amendments thereof and supple- 
ments thereto, $5,000 ; provided, that if a bill now pend- 
ing entitled "An act to establish a Department of Agricul- 
ture and to prescribe its powers and duties," shall become 
a law, this appropriation shall be deemed to hare been 
made for the effectuation of the provisions of said act. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisLsons of 
chapter 61, laws of 1911, and the amendments thereof and 
supplements thereto, $2,000 ; provided, that if a bill now 
pending entitled "An act to establish a Department of Agri- 
culture and to prescribe its powers and duties," shall be- 
come a law, then this appropriation shall be deemed to 
have been made for the effectuation of the provisions of 
said act. 

For the State Board of Agriculture as constituted in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of a bill now pending en- 
titled "An act to establish a Department of Agriculture 
and to prescribe its powers and duties," $10,00 ; provided, 
said bill becomes a law. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 265 



TUBERCULOSIS COMMISSION. 

For expenses and payments by the State Tuberculosis Com- 
mission, $50,000, provided that if a bill now pending en- 
titled "An act to establish a Department of Agriculture and 
to prescribe its powers and duties," shall become a law, 
then this appropriation shall be deemed to have been made 
for the effectuation of the provisions of said act. 



STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers College, to pay the State 
Agricultural College for the benefit of agriculture and the 
mechanic arts, pursuant to chapter 90 of the laws of 1905, 
and amendments thereto, $35,000, payment to be made pur- 
suant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

For salaries, supplies and all other expenses for the mainte- 
nance of short courses in practical and scientific agriculture, 
pursuant to chapter 55 of the laws of 1905, and chapter 43 
of the laws of 1907, $20,000. • 

For reference books and periodicals, $2,000. 

For maintenance and development of college farm grounds, 
$2,000. 

For instruction, long- courses in agriculture, $8,000. 

For summer session. $10,000. 

For maintenance and reipair of farm buildings, $1,000. 

For clay working and ceramics, $7,500. 

For maintenance of agricultural building. $1,500. 

For equipping of engineering and chemistry departments. 
$4,000. 

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. 

For salaries and expenses of the Agricultural Experiment 
Station, $25,000. 

For printing bulletins, including circulars, of the Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station, $6,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of "An act 
to provide for locating and abolishing mosquito-breeding 
salt-marsh areas within the State, for assistance in dealing 
with certain inland breeding places, and appropriating money 
to carry its provisions into effect," approved April 20, 1906, 
$4,800. 

For scientific investigation of oyster propagation, pursuant 
to chapter 187, laws of 1907, $900. 

For the maintenance and operation of the department of 
poultry husbandry, pursuant to chapter 52, law^s of 1911, 
$5,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 157 of the laws of 1912, $2,500. 



266 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For the purpose of maintaining and carrying on experi- 
mental work in floriculture, pursuant to chapter 130, laws 
of 1911, $3,000. 

For expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of 
chapter 89, laws of 1912, $1,000. 

For buildings, fences and equipment in the department of 
poultry husbandry, $5,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 364, laws of 1913, and for other agricultural ex- 
tension work, $15,000. 

For cranberry investigation, $1,500. 

For land, buildings and equipment for the establishment 
of a branch experiment station in South Jersey, $25,000. 

For maintenance of same, $3,000. 

All fees and receipts of the Experiment Station received 
under the provisions of chapters 218 and 179, laws of 1912, 
are hereby appropriated for the uses and purposes expressed 
by said chapters. 



LIVE, STOCK COMMISSION. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
56 and chapter 212, laws of 1908, and the amendments 
thereof and supplements thereto, $9,000 ; provided, a bill 
now pending entitled 'An act to establish a Department of 
Agriculture and to prescribe its powers and duties," shall 
become a law, then this appropriation shall be deemed to 
have been made for the effectuation of the provisions of 
said act. 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE FUND. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers College, for interest on $116,- 
000, certificates of indebtedness of the State of New Jersey, 
due January 1st and July 1st, 1916, pursuant to the pro- 
visions of chapter 135 of the laws of 1896, $5,800. 



BOARDS OF VISITORS TO THE AGRICULTURAL 
COLLEGE OF NEW JERSEY. 

For the Board of Visitors to the Agricultural College of 
New Jersey, for personal expenses incurred pursuant to 
chapter 365 of the laws of 1873, $50. 

For advertising pursuant to chapter 9 of the laws of 
1879, $90. 

STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

To the treasurer of the New Jersey State Horticultural 
Society, pursuant to chapter 141, laws of 1911, $2,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 267 



STATE SCHOOL TAX. 



For the purpose of reducing the State school tax to be 
assessed for the year 1916, $100,000. 



EMERGENCY. 

For the Governor, to enable him to meet any emergency 
requiring the expenditure of money not otherwise appro- 
priated, and to cover any incidental expense of commissioners 
appointed by him under statute or in his discretion, the 
sum of $10,000. 



REFUNDING TAXES ON MISCELLANEOUS 
CORPORATIONS. 

For taxes improperly levied upon or paid by corporations, 
to be refunded, pursuant to law, $1,000. 



REFUND OF RAILROAD TAX. 

The Comptroller of the Treasury is hereby authorized 
and empowered to adjust and reipay any overpayment of 
tax assessed and penalty thereon for any year, pursuant 
to chapter 288, laws of 1888, and the acts amendatory 
thereof and supplementary thereto, made by any railroad 
and canal company, and the State Treasurer is directed to 
pay warrants therefor issued by the Comptroller, said pay- 
ments shall be deducted from the amount originally paid 
into and remaining undistributed in the treasury of the 
State, and the amount of money necessary for such pur- 
pose as ascertained is hereby appropriated. 



LEGISLATURE. 

For the compensation of Senators and members of the 
General Assembly, $40,833.32. 

For compensation of officers and employes of the Legis- 
lature, $47,950. 

For manuals of the Legislature of New Jersey, $2,000. 

For indexing the journal of the Senate and minutes of 
the executive sessions and the minutes of the House of 
Assembly, and other incidental and contingent expenses of 
the Legislature, $7,000. 

For toilet and other necessary supplies for use at the 
legislative session to be furnished by the State House Com- 
mission, $800. 



268 APPROPRIATION LAW. 



ADVERTISING. 



For advertising proclamations issued by the Governor, 
notices of the Attorney-General in relation to delinquent 
miscellaneous corporations, and notices of the Comptroller 
in regard to public printing, etc., $500. 



PRINTING, 

For printing and binding public documents, $60,000. 

For compensation of an expert printer for services in 
preparation of specifications for bids, supervision of work, 
examination of bills, and such other duties as may by law 
be imposed upon him, $900. 

For preparing index of session laws, $100. 

For printing and circulation of the laws, $6,000. 



MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the commission having in charge the Monmouth 
battle monument and grounds, pursuant to chapter 118 of 
the laws of 1886, $500. 



TRENTON BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the Trenton Battle Monument Association, for the 
purpose of keeping said property in good condition and 
repair, $500. 

PENSIONS. 

For amount required to pay pensions, pursuant to various 
acts relative thereto irrespective of any provision therein 
that pensions shall be made In the appropriation or tax 
levy for the department of the public service from which 
the pensioner shall be so retired, $15,700. 



JUDICIAL RETIREMENT FUND. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
313, laws of 1908, and chapter 185, laws of 1911, $10,333.33. 



ANNUITY FOR WIDOWS OF GOVERNORS. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 146, of the laws of 1912, $2,400. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 269 



WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OP NEW JERSEY. 

For trustees of the Wasaington Association of New 
Jersey, pursuant to chapter 309, laws of 1874, $2,500. 



COMMISSIONERS OF THE PALISADES INTERSTATE 
PARK. 

For expenses incurred by the Commissioners of the Pali- 
sades Interstate Park, $10,000 ; said expenses to be approved 
by the Governor. 



MORRIS CANAL INVESTIGATION COMMITTEE. 

For expenses incurred by the committee appointed pur- 
suant to Joint Resolution No. 10, passed April 12th, 1912, 
$250. 



HEALTH OFFICERS OF THE PORT OF PERTH AMBOT. 

For the salary of the health officer of the port of Perth 
Amboy, pursuant to chapter 328, laws of 1906. $1,000 

For salary of the deputy health officer of the port of Perth 
Amboy, pursuant to said chapter, $250. 



OBSTRUCTIONS TO NAVIGATION. 

For expenses incurred in removing any boat, barge or scow 
stranded or sunk in any of the navigable rivers of this State, 
$50. 



BODIES THROWN UPON SHORES OF THE STATE BY 
SHIPWRECK. 

For expenses incurred in viewing bodies cast upon shores 
by shipwreck, $50. 

BURIAL GROUNDS. 

For the care and maintenance of burial grounds purchased 
by the State, pursuant to chapter 171, laws of 1898, $75. 



STATE CHARITIES AID ASSOCIATION. 

For expenses of the association, pursuant to chapter 120, 
laws of 1892, $600. 



270 APPROPRIATION LAW. 



COMMISSION ON OLD AGE INSURANCE AND PENSIONS. 

For expenses incurred by the commission appointed pur- 
suant to chapter 198, laws of 1911, $350. 



COMMISSION UPON REOPvGANIZATION AND CONSOLI- 
DATION OF INTER-RELATED DEPART- 
MENTS OF STATE. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No. 6, approved April 1st, 1912, $2,250. 



SAN FRANCISCO EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

There is hereby appropriated the unexpended balance re- 
maining in the State Treasury at the close of the fiscal year 
ending October 31, 1915, of the amoimts heretofore appro- 
priated for the San Francisco Exposition Commission. 



PRISON LABOR COMMISSION. 

For stenographer and clerk hire, $1,200. 
For printing, postage, expressage and other incidental ex- 
penses, $500. 

For expenses of commissioners, $1,000. 



COUNTY TUBERCULOSIS HOSPITALS. 

For support of patients, at the rate of $3 per week, pur- 
suant to chapter 217, laws of 1912, in the following county 
hospitals : 

Union county, $12,129.57. 

Essex county, $13,201.29. 

Camden county, $1,660.28. 

Morris county, $678.86. 

Said amounts to include payment of bills prior to current 
fiscal year. 



COMMISSION ON ELIMINATION OF TOLL BRIDGES. 

For expenses of the commission appointed pursuant to 
chapter 297, laws of 1912, $250. 



PORTRAITS. 



»»»■- 



For the purchase of portrait of Honorable John W. Grij 
former Governor of this State, pursuant to Joint Resolution 
No. 4, approved March 28th, 1904, $1,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 271 



WASHINGTON ROCK PARK COMMISSION. 

For insurance, improvement and maintenance of the Wash- 
ington Rock Park, $1,500. 



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 

For payment to newspapers for publishing the proposed 
constitutional amendments of the session of 1915, $6,500. 



CIVIL SERVICE INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE. 

For expenses incurred by the committee appointed pur- 
suant to resolution adopted by the House of Assembly Feb- 
ruary 9th, 1915, $1,500. 



COMMISSION FOR THE SURVEY OF MUNICIPAL 
FINANCING. 

For expenses incurred by the commission appointed pur- 
suant to resolution adopted by the House of Assembly March 
2d, 1915, $1,500. 

INVESTIGATION OF FISH POUND NET FISHING. 

For expenses incurred by the committee appointed pur- 
suant to resolution adopted by the House of Assembly 
March 4th 1915, $1,000. 

ROOSEVELT INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE. 

For payment of expenses incurred by the Roosevelt In- 
vestigating Committee, appointed pursuant to resolution 
of the House of Assembly, adopted Januarv 26th, 1915, 
$1,750. 

2. The following sums are hereby appropriated out of 
the income of the school fund for the purposes specified 
for the fiscal year ending on the 31st day of October, 1916. 

FREE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 
For the support of free public schools, $250,000. 

PREMIUMS AND ACCRUED INTEREST. 

There shall be paid from the income of the school fund 
such sums required to pay premiums and accrued interest 
on bonds purchased by the trustees for the support of 
public schools. 



272 APPROPRIATION LAW 



SCHOOL FUND EXPENSES. 

For necessary legal and other expenses Incurred by or 
under the direction of the trustees for the support of 
public schools in the investment and protection of the 
school fund, and in the collection of the income thereof, 
?2,000. 

3. Before any building or buildings shall be commenced 
or work undertaken, for the cost of which money is ap- 
propriated by this act. the plans, specifications and con- 
tracts necessary for the entire completion thereof shall, 
and each of them shall be submitted to and approved Dy 
the Governor, and such contracts shall not be approved or 
entered into if the total expenditure under all the contracts 
necessary to the entire completion of such building, build- 
ings, or work according to such plans and specifications 
shall exceed the amount appropriated by this act for such 
building, buildings or work : and in any and every case 
where it shall appear that the appropriation is insuflScient 
to complete such buildinig, buildings or work, the appro- 
priation hereby made therefor shall not be applied toward 
the construction of such building or buildings, or prosecu- 
tion of such work, but shall lapse and no payment shall be 
made therefrom ; provided, however, that the provisions of 
this section, prohibiting the expenditure of the whole or 
any part of an appropriation, which in itself is insufficient 
to complete any building, buildings or work, and providing 
for the lapsing of such appropriations, shall not apply to 
nor restrict the expenditure of any moneys herein appro- 
priated for the construction, completion of construction, 
equipment or furnishing of any armory or armories which 
have been heretofore authorized and which are partially 
constructed, completed or furnished, but such appropriation 
shall be available for the uses and purposes herein ex- 
pressed to the full extent thereof. 

4. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except for 
objects as hereinabove specifically appropriated, and except 
such sums which are by law devoted to specific purposes, 
namely. State school tax. United States appropriation to 
Agricultural College, United States appropriation for dis- 
abled soldiers. United States appropriations for disabled 
soldiers, sailors, marines and their wives, Agricultural Col- 
lege fund and taxes for the use of taxing districts in this 
State, moneys received pursuant to the laws relating to 
motor vehicles, moneys received by the State from the tax- 
ation of railroad and canal property, which may be by law 
apportioned to the various counties of the State for school 
purposes, academic certificate fund, vocational schools, pen- 
sions of teachers and school officers authorized by law, and 
loans to "State School Fund," which last-named sums shall 
be paid pursuant to the laws applicable thereto ; this sec- 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 273 

tion shall not be construed to prohibit the payment due upon 
any contract made under an appropriation of the previous 
year, nor of any payments into the State treasury by State 
institutions and commissions pursuant to an act entitled "An 
act regulating the receipt and disbursement of State moneys 
in certain cases," approved October 31st, 1907 (chapter 288, 
laws of 1907), which moneys by the provisions of chapter 
41, laws of 1908, are appropriated for the maintenance of 
said State institutions and commissions making such pay- 
ments, and nothing in this act contained shall apply to 
moneys received directly into the State treasury or through 
the Board of Fish and Game Commissioners as license fees, 
under any of the fish and game laws of this State, which 
moneys may be paid out as other moneys of the State : 
provided, however, that nothing in this section contained 
shall be construed to apply to payments in the State treasury 
by the State Reformatory and State Prison, as receipts for 
the labor of inmates of those institutions. 

5. The Comptroller of the Treasury is hereby empowered 
and it shall be his duty in the disbursement of funds avail- 
able for the general uses of the State, to first provide for 
the maintenance of the administration of the government 
of the State, and of its courts, and of its penal, correctional 
and charitable institutions, and to apply the remainder of 
such available funds in such manner and to such purpose 
for which appropriation may have been made as in his 
judgment may best conserve the interest of the State. 

6. This act shall take effect on the first day of November, 
1915. 

Approved April 26th, 1915. 
18 



SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION LAW, 



SUMMARY OP APPROPRIATION LAWS. 

Statement of the annual and supplemental appropriation 
laws for the fiscal years ending October 31st, of the years 
designated. 

The annual hill, in each instance, is enacted by the legis- 
lature of the preceding year and becomes operative on No- 
vember 1st of that year. The supplemental bill is enacted 
by the legislature of the year designated, and the totals of 
the annual include the contractual balances available on 
the opening day of the fiscal years. 

1896. 

Annual $1,954,829 32 

Supplemental 287,885 53 

$2,242,714 85 

1897. 

Annual $2,273,371 32 

Supplemental 126,561 64 

$2,399,932 96 

1898 

Annual* $2,139,934 32 

Supplemental 234,928 99 

$2,374,863 31 

1899 

Annual $2,199,867 32 

Supplemental 554,521 49 

$2,754,388 81 

1900. 

Annual $2,434,096 23 

Supplemental 349,254 55 

$2,783,350 78 

1901. 

Annual $2,234,940 32 

Supplemental 1,219,319 20 

$3,454,259 52 

1902. 

Annual $3,255,269 32 

Supplemental 715,219 75 

$3,970,489 07 

1903. 

Annual $3,551,749 32 

Supplemental 1,001,056 25 

$4,552,805 57 

1904. 

Annual $3,853,800 98 

Supplemental 1,038,464 93 

_ $4,892,265 91 

1905. 
Annual $4,188,215 65 

^"■'P'''"-'^' '■'"'■'^' ^' $5,263,741 86 



SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION LAW. 275 

1906. 

Annual $4,301,733 57 

Supplemental I,i>y8,342 03 

$5,400,075 60 

1907. 

Annual $4,519,826 57 

Supplemental 622,942 65 

$5,142,769 22 

1908. 

Annual $4,618,407 17 

Supplemental 768,329 62 

$5,386,736 79 

1909. 

Annual $4,379,474 90 

Supplemental 331,774 24 

$4,711,249 14 

1910. 

Annual $4,245,017 32 

Supplemental 871,791 00 

$5,116,808 32 

1911. 

Annual $5,072,592 77 

Supplemental 1,337,517 18 

$6,410,109 95 

1912. 

Annual $5,476,508 35 

Supplemental 972,097 05 

$6,448,605 40 

1913. 

Annual $6,509,785 50 

Supplemental 1,199,514 34 

$7,709,299 84 

1914. 

Annual $6,825,191 36 

Supplemental 834,676 49 

$7,659,867 85 

1915. 

Annual $7,634,413 60 

Supplemental 412,704 36 

$8,047,117 96 

1916. 

*Annual $6,902,829 62 

* This does not include the balances of appropriation of 
the Panama-Pacific International Exposition Commission 
which are re-appropriated and cannot he determined until 
after October 31st. 



276 BIOGRAPHIES. 



BIOGRAPHIES 



GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY. 



JAMES FAIRMAN FIELDER. 

Governor Fielder was born in Jursey City, Febru- 
ary 26th, 1867. His ancestors on his mother's side 
were Hollanders and on his father's side, English. 
They were among the earliest settlers in the State of 
New Jersey. The families of both father and mother 
of Governor Fielder have been well known in the re- 
ligious and political history of the State. His mother 
was Eleanor A. Brinkerhoff, a sister of former Senator 
William Brinkerhoff, His father was George B. 
Fielder, Register of Hudson county and member of 
the Forty-third Congress. His paternal grandfather 
was a leading citizen of Jersey City and was a mem- 
ber of Assembly from the county of Hudson in 1871, 
and his maternal grandfather was for many years a 
county judge of Hudson county. The BrinkerhofCs 
were pioneers in the establishment of the Dutch Re- 
formed Church in the State, and took a very prominent 
part in establishing and erecting the old Bergen Dutch 
Reformed Church which now stands near Bergen 
Square in Jersey City, one of the oldest churches in 
the State. The Governor is a member of St. John's 
Episcopal Church in Jersey City. 

Governor Fielder attended the public schools and 
high school of his home city, and later finished at the 
Selleck School at Norwalk, Conn. He attended Co- 
lumbia University Law School, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1887 with the degree of LL.B. After his gradu- 
ation he served his apprenticeship in the office of his 
uncle, ex-Senator Brinkerhoff, and was admitted to 
the bar in 1888. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly from Hudson county in 1903 and 1904, and in 
1907 was elected to the Senate. In 1910 he was re- 
elected by the largest majority of votes ever given to 



BIOGRAPHIES. 277 

a State Senator from his county. On June 4th, 1895, 
Governor Fielder married Mabel Cholwell Miller, of 
Norwalk, Conn. 

In his younger days Governor Fielder was a member 
of the Democratic County Committee of Hudson county, 
and since his entry into politics he has progressed step 
by step. He occupied positions of prominence on the 
most important committees of the House of Assembly 
during his terms in that body, as well as in the Senate. 
He was elected President of the Senate by his col- 
leagues in January, 1913, and when Governor Wilson 
became President of the United States he became Act- 
ing Governor by virtue of the constitution. The elec- 
tion of Governor Fielder as President of the Senate 
was more significant than other elections to this im- 
portant office, because at that time Governor Wilson 
had been elected President of the United States, and it 
was known that the member of the Senate elected as 
president of that body would be the Governor of the 
State to succeed Governor Wilson. His Democratic col- 
leagues in the Senate cast their votes unanimously for 
Governor Fielder, and his election met with the uni- 
versal approval of his party. President Wilson him- 
self was so well pleased with the selection of his suc- 
cessor that in his message to the Legislature, delivered 
prior to his departure from the State to take up his 
duties as President, he expressed his satisfaction as 
follows: 

"May I not in closing express the satisfaction I 
feel in the knowledge that when I lay down the duties 
of Governor I shall leave them in the hands of Senator 
Fielder, a man of proved character, capacity, fidelity, 
and devotion to the public service, a man of the type 
to which the people of this State desire their public 
men to conform." 

Governor Wilson resigned his office as Governor on 
the 1st of March, and in turning over to Senator 
Fielder the great seal of the State in the presence of 
the House of Assembly and Senate assembled in joint 
session, he again paid a glowing tribute to the quali- 
fications of Governor Fielder. 

Governor Fielder served as Acting Governor from 
March 1st to October 28th, 1913, when he resigned as 
Senator from Hudson county, thus creating a vacancy 
in the office of Governor, and was succeeded by Leon 



278 BIOGRAPHIES. 

R. Taylor, of Monmouth county, Speaker of the House 
of Assembly. 

James Fairman Fielder was nominated as a candi- 
date for Governor at the primary election held on Sep- 
tember 23d, 1913, by a majority of 45,299, over Frank 
S. Katzenbach, At the regular State election held on 
November 4th, he was elected Governor over Edward 
Casper Stokes, Republican, and a former Governor, by 
a plurality of 32,886. He was inaugurated on January 
20th, 1914, for a term of three years. His salary is 
$10,000 per annum. 

Fielder, Dem., 173,148; Stokes, Rep., 140,298; Colby, 
Prog., 41,132; Reilly, Soc, 13,977; Mason, Pro., 3,427; 
Butterworth, Soc. -Lab., 2,4G0; Dwyer, Ind.. 875. Field- 
er's plurality, 32,886. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



JAMES E. MARTINE, Plalnfield. 

Senator Marline, who, on March 4, 1911, succeeded 
John Kean as one of the United States Senators from 
New Jersey, has the distinction of being the first mem- 
ber of the Upper Chamber of Congress from an east- 
ern state, 'who obtained his election as a result of a 
direct vote of the people. 

Mr. Martine was elected United States Senator in a 
joint session of the Legislature on January 23, 1911, 
following an exciting and notable campaign resulting 
from the demand that the Legislature acquiesce in the 
choice made in the direct primaries on September 13, 
1910. Under the direct primary law, Mr. Martine sub- 
mitted himself as an aspirant for the Democratic nom- 
ination for United States Senator. He received 47,458 
vote^, or four times as many as his opponent. 

Senator Martine was born in New York City, August 
25, 1850. Subsequently his parents moved to Plain- 
field, where his father, Daniel W. Martine, purchased 
a farm of 160 acres, surrounding a house which is now 
175 years old and in which the Martine family live. 
Senator Martine's father died when the former was 
still in his teens and since that time he has been ac- 
tively engaged in directing the affairs of the Martine 
estate. For thirty years Senator Martine was en- 
gaged in practical farming on the acres left by his 
father. In recent years, he has combined farming 
with real estate operations. Of the original farm, 100 
acres have been developed into fine residential prop- 
erty under the personal supervision of the Senator and 
is now intersected by numerous streets along which 
are beautiful houses, more than fifty of which were 
constructed under his direction. 

Senator Martine has been active in public life of 
New Jersey for more than forty years. Several times 
he has been a candidate for Representative in Con- 
gress and for Legislative oflUce in New Jersey, but in 
each Instance he has accepted the nomination for of- 
fice at the urgent request of the Democrats of his 



280 BIOGRAPHIES. 

district and not as a self-seeker for political honor. 
He would never accept an appointive office. His term 
will expire in 1917. 

WILLIAM HUGHES, Paterson. 

Senator Hughes succeeded Senator Frank O. Briggs 
in the United States Senate on March 4, 1913. Mr. 
Hughes was chosen for Senator at the Democratic 
primary election held on September 2i, 1912, the vote 
being as follows: Hughes, 62,532; Smith, 33,490; 
McDermott. 5,291; Wescott, 3,859. The Legislature 
ratified the selection. • 

Senator Hughes was born in Ireland, April 3. 1872. 
He came to this country at an early age, received a 
common school education, worked in the silk mills of 
Paterson, studied typewriting and stenography at a 
business college in that city and became a law student 
in the office of William M. Rysdyk, of the same city. 
He enlisted in Company A, Second Regiment, N. G. 
N. J., in 1898, and served five months at Sea Girt and 
Jacksonville, Fla., during the Spanish-American war. 
At Sea Girt he was detailed as stenographer to Gov- 
ernor Voorhees and at Jacksonville to Major-General 
Fitzhugh Lee. When the regiment was mustered out 
of service he entered the law office of William Nelson. 
Paterson, and suDsequently that of Attorney-General 
John W. Griggs, and in June, 1900, was admitted to 
the bar. He has always been closely identified with 
organized labor and was counsel in several important 
cases. He was a member of Congress eight years and 
was appointed Judge of Passaic county in 1912. 

He resigned the office of Represenative in Congress 
in September, 1912. and the judgeship a short time be- 
fore he took his seat in the United States Senate. 




New Jersey Cousressional Districts. 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 

(Formed by an act of the Legislature of April 16, 1912. 
See page 912, laws of that year.) Ratio, 211,431. 
The population is taken from the census of 1910. 



FIRST — The counties of Camden, Gloucester and 
Salem. Population, 206,396. Vote cast in 1914 — Re- 
publican, 24,142; Democratic, 13,271; Socialist, 1,469; 
Progressive-Roosevelt, 735; Progressive, 387; Pro- 
hibition, 1,291. Total vote, 41,295. Republican plu- 
rality, 10,871. 

SECOND — The counties of Atlantic, Burlington, Cape 
May and Cumberland. Population, 213,357. Vote cast 
in 1914 — Republican, 21,448; Democratic, 14,352; Pro- 
gressive-Roosevelt, 2,276; Prohibition, 775; Socialist, 
672. Total vote, 39,524. Republican plurality, 7,096. 

THIRD — The counties of Monmouth, Middlesex and 
Ocean. Population, 230,478. Vote cast in 1914 — Demo- 
cratic, 21,338; Republican, 19,303; Prohibition, 948; 
Socialist, 536. Total vote, 42,125. Democratic plu- 
rality, 2,035. 

FOURTH — The counties of Mercer, Somerset and 
Hunterdon. Population, 198,046. Vote cast in 1914 — 
Republican, 17,078; Democratic, 13,766; Progressive- 
Roosevelt, 1,711; Socialist, 561; Prohibition, 326; 
Socialist-Labor, 112. Total vote, 33,554. Republican 
plurality, 3,312. 

FIFTH — The counties of Union and Morris. Popula- 
tion, 214,901. Vote cast in 1914 — Republican, 16,951; 
Democratic, 15,718; Progressive-Roosevelt, 2,218; 
Socialist, 1,854; Prohibition, 368. Total vote, 37,109. 
Republican plurality, 1,233. 

SIXTH — The counties of Warren, Sussex and Bergen, 
and Pompton and West Milford townships in Passaic 
county. Population, 213,981. Vote cast in 1914 — Demo- 
cratic, 16,286; Republican, 15,880; Socialist, 921; Pro- 
gressive-Roosevelt, 1,549; Independent-Democratic, 
388; Socialist-Labor, 233; Prohibition, 632. Total vote, 
35,889. Democratic plurality, 406. 



282 CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 

SEVENTH — Passaic county, excepting' Pompton and 
West Milford townships. Population, 209,891. Vote 
cast in 1914 — Republican, 12,664; Democratic, 6,944; 
Socialist, 3,370; Socialist-Labor, 191. Total vote, 23,- 
169. Republican plurality, 5,720. 

EIGHTH — Eighth, Eleventh and Fifteenth wards of 
Newark; Belleville, Bloomfield and Nutley, in Essex 
county; Harrison and Kearny, the borough bf East 
Newark, the Seventh ward of Jersey City and the city 
of Bayonne in Hudson county. Population, 207,647. 
Vote cast in 1914 — Republican, 13,438; Democratic, 
11,678; Progressive-Roosevelt, 2,232; Regular-Demo- 
cratic, 1,397; Socialist, 963; Prohibition, 191. Total 
vote, 29,899. Republican plurality, 1,760. 

NINTH — The cities of East Orange and Orange, the 
First, Third, Sixth, Seventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth 
wards of the city of Newark, all in Essex county. 
Population, 213,027. Vote cast in 1914 — Republican, 
9,482; Democratic, 8,069; Democrat, 5,672; Socialist, 
1,342; Progressive-Roosevelt, 738; Prohibition, 118. 
Total vote, 25,421. Republican plurality, 1,413. 

TENTH— The Second, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, 
Twelfth and Sixteenth wards, Newark; Irvington, 
Montclair, West Orange, Caldwell borough, Essex Fells. 
Glen Ridge, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West 
Caldwell, Caldwell township. Cedar Grove, Livingston, 
Millburn, South Orange, South Orange township, all in 
Essex county. Population, 206,693. Vote cast in 1914 — 
Republican, 13,765; Democratic. 12,278; Progressive- 
Roosevelt, 1,425; Socialist, 970; Jeffersonian Principles- 
Democratic, 387; Prohibition, 154. Total vote, 28,979. 
Republican plurality, 1,487. 

ELEVENTH — Weehawken, North Bergen, Gutten- 
berg. West Hoboken, West New York, Union, Secaucus, 
Hoboken, Second ward of Jersey City, all in Hudson 
county. Population, 199,612. Vote cast in 1914 — Demo- 
cratic, 17,551; Republican, 8,400; Socialist, 1,091. Total 
vote, 27,042. Democratic plurality, 9,151. 

TWELFTH — The First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, 
Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth wards, 
Jersey City. Population, 223,138. Vote cast in 1914— 
Democratic, 16,260; Republican, 7,379; Progressive- 
Roosevelt, 1,313; Socialist, 831; Prohibition, 190. Total 
vote, 25,973. Democratic plurality. 8,881. 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 



283 



SUMMARY. 

The population is taken from census of 1910. 



Popu- Total 

Districts. lation. Vote, 

First 206,396 41,295 

Second 213,357 39,524 

Third 230,478 42.125 

Fourth 198,046 33,554 

Fifth 214,901 37,109 

Sixth 213,981 35,889 

Seventh 209,891 23,169 

Eighth 207,647 29,889 

Ninth 213,027 25,421 

Tenth 206,693 28,979 

Eleventh 199,612 27,042 

Twelfth 223,138 25,973 

Total 2,537,167 389,969 

Net Republican plurality, 12,419. 



Rep. 


Dem. 


Plur. 


Plur. 


10,871 




7,096 




.... 


2,035 


3,312 


.... 


1,233 




.... 


406 


5,720 


.... 


1,760 


.... 


1,413 




1,487 






9,151 


.... 


8,881 



32,892 20,473 



:84 BIOGRAPHIES. 

NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FIRST DISTRICT. 

Camden, Gloucester and Salem Counties. 
(Population, census of 1910, 206,396.) 

WILLIAM J. BROWNING. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Browning was born in Camden, N. J., April 11th, 
1850, and is in the insurance business, having- been 
formerly a dry goods merchant. He was a member of 
the Board of Education of the city of Camden from 
April 7th, 1879, to February 19th, 1883; a member of 
City Council of the city of Camden from November 
11th, 1886, until March 14th, 1890; was Postmaster of 
the city of Camden from July 1st, 1889, until June 
30th, 1894, having been appointed by President Har- 
rison, and Chief Clerk of the House of Representa- 
tives, "Washington, D. C, from December 19th, 1895. 
until April 17th, 1911. Mr. Browning was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives from the 
First Congressional District of New Jersey to fill the 
unexpired term of Hon. H C. Loudenslager, deceased, 
on November 7th, 1911, receiving a plurality of 2,654 
over Thomas M. Ferrell, Democrat, a former Con- 
gressman, State Senator and Assemblyman. In 1912 he 
was elected to a full term by a plurality of 1,302 over 
Craven, Democrat, and in 1914 he was re-elected by 
a plurality of 10,871 over Joseph E. Nowrey, Democrat. 

1914 — Browning, Rep., 24,142; Nowrey, Dem., 13,271; 
Hartmeyer, Soc, 1,469; Day, Pro., 1,291; Higgins, 
Prog.-Roos., 735; Chenowith, Prog., 387. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 

Cape May, Atlantic, Cumberland and Burlington 

Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 213,357.) 

ISAAC BACHARACH. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Bacharach was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Janu- 
ary 5th, 1870, and is in the real estate business. He is 



BIOGRAPHIES. 285 

a graduate of the Atlantic City High School of the 
class of 1885. He is a director of the Second National 
Bank of Atlantic City, the Pleasantville Trust Com- 
pany and the Atlantic Safe Deposit and Trust Com- 
pany; treasurer of the South Jersey Title and Finance- 
Company, and president of the Atlantic City Lumber 
Company. Mr. Bacharach was a member of the Coun- 
cil of Atlantic City from January 1st, 1907, to January 
1st, 1910, and was re-elected to that body for another 
term of three years from January 1st, 1910. He was 
elected to the House of Assembly in 1912 by a plurality 
of 5,568 over Smathers, Democrat, and in 1914 he was 
chosen Congressman by a plurality of 7,096 over the 
then incumbent, J. Thompson Baker, Democrat. 

1914 — Bacharach, Rep., 21,448; Baker, Dem., 14,352; 
Bright, Prog.-Roos., 2,276; Chapman, Pro., 775; Mc- 
Keen, Soc, 672. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 

Middlesex, Monmouth and Ocean Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 230,478.) 

THOMAS J. SCULLY. 

(Dem., South Amboy.) 

Mr. Scully was born in South Amboy, N. J., Septem- 
ber 19th, 1868, and is in the towing and transportation 
business. He received his education in the schools of 
his native town and at Seton Hall College, from which 
he was graduated with honors. His father, John 
Scully, established the towing business in 1874, when 
the Congressman was only six years old. When he 
left college young Scully was taken into the business 
by his father, and from that time dates the remark- 
able growth of the Scully Towing and Transportation 
Company, which is far in excess of anything of its 
kind on this hemisphere. Fifty odd ocean-going tugs 
and barges, bearing the sign of this company, trans- 
port over a million tons of freight a year. They poke 
into all the quarters of the world. 

Mr. Scully served three years in the South Amboy 
Board of Education and in 1908 he was appointed 
Mayor to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 



28 6 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Dr. Ambrose Treganowan. In 1909 he was elected 
Mayor for a full term of office. He established a 
new sewerage system, improved the water accommoda- 
tions and the public docks, and reorganized the fire 
and police departments. 

Mr. Scully was a delegate to the Democratic 
National Conventions of 1908 and 1912, and' Presiden- 
tial Elector in the former year. In 1910' he defeated 
Benjamin F. Howell, Republican, for Congress, by a 
plurality of 4,497. He was re-elected to Congress in 
1912 by a plurality of 6,233 over Benjamin F. S. 
Brown, Republican, and -again in 1914 by a plurality 
of 2,035 over Havens, Republican. 

1914 — Scully, Dem., 21,338; Havens, Rep., 19,303; 
Easton, Pro., 948; Shupe, Soc, 536. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Hunterdon, Somerset and Mercer Counties, 
(Population, census of 1910, 198,046.) 
ELIJAH C. HUTCHINSON, 
(Rep., Trenton.) 
Mr. Hutchinson was born at Windsor, Mercer county, 
N. J., August 7th, 1855, and is a merchant miller. He 
has been treasurer of the Trenton Bone and Ferti- 
lizer Company since its organization in July, 1889, 
and its manager since 1892. He does a large business 
with his flour mill and grain elevator, which are 
situated in Hamilton township, also President of the 
Trenton Flour Mills Co, in Trenton, and has large 
interests in two potteries, being Vice-President of 
N, J. China Pottery Co. and Treasurer of Cochran, 
Drugan & Co,, and is a Director of Broad St. Bank 
and Mercer Trust Co. He was a director of the Inter- 
State Fair Association, and was its first treasurer, 
having served three years in that position. Mr. Hutch- 
inson was elected to the House of Assembly in 1895 
by a plxirality of 3,273, and in 1896 by the increased 
plurality of 7,736. In 1898 he was chosen for the 
State Senate by a plurality of 1,461 over his Demo- 
cratic opponent. Bayard Stockton, and in 1901 he was 
re-elected by the increased plurality of 1,904 over 
former Judge Robert S. Woodruff, Democrat. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 287 

During his career in the Legislature the Congress- 
man always took an active interest in the affairs of 
that body and was ever alert for the promotion of 
the welfare of the State and particularly of his own 
constituency. In the session of 1903 he served r.s 
President of the Senate, when he discharged the 
duties of that office with marked ability and imparti- 
ality. He was complimented at the close of the ses- 
sion by his colleagues for his record as a presiding 
officer, the leader of the Democratic minority pre- 
senting a resolution expressing the fullest appro- 
bation of the Senate at the manner in which he had 
presided over the deliberations of that body and which 
was unanimously adopted. 

On January 3d, 1905, Governor Stokes nominated Mr. 
Hutchinson to the office of State Road Commissioner 
and he was at once confirmed by the Senate for a 
term of three years. In a short time after his as- 
sumption of the duties of the position he reorganized 
the department not only in the method of road build- 
ing, but also the work of the office, which assiduity 
proved beneficial to the State and all concerned. 

In 1914 Mr. Hutchinson was elected to the National 
House of Representatives by a plurality of 3,312 over 
Allan B Walsh, Democrat, who had sought a re- 
election, 

1914 — Hutchinson, Rep., 17,078; Walsh, Dem., 13,766; 
Thorn, Prog.-Rep., 1,711; Alexander, Soc, 561; Barrett, 
Pro., 326; Phillips, Soc.-Lab., 112. 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Union and Morris Counties. 
(Population, census of 1910, 214,901.) 
. JOHN H. CAPSTICK. 

(Rep., Montville.) 

Mr. Capstick was born in the city of Lawrence, 
Mass., September 2d, 1856. He attended the public 
schools until he attained the age of twelve years; 
then became a resident of Providence, R. I., and there 
attended the college of Morey & Goff. He was a 
member of the First Light Infantry Cadets, He fol- 
lowed the business of his father, who was a practical 



288 BIOGRAPHIES. 

chemist and colorist of textile fabrics; establishing 
the firm of John Capstick & Sons, at Montville, Morris 
county, New Jersey, in 1883; having had a very suc- 
cessful business career. Mr. Capstick lias been very 
prominently identified in public life and also financial 
institutions in New Jersey, having served the State 
of New Jersey as President of the Board of Health 
from 1908 to 1914. He was elected to Congress by a 
plurality of 1,233 over William E. Tuttle, Jr., the then 
Democratic incumbent, 

1914 — Capstick, Rep., 16,951; Tuttle, Jr., Dem., 15,- 
718; Moy. Prog.-Roos., 2,218; Seeholzer, Soc, 1,854; 
Smith. Pro., 368. 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Bergen, Sussex and Warren Counties and the Town- 
ships of Pompton and West Milford, In the 
County of Passaic. 
(Population, census of 1910, 213,981.) 
ARCHIBALD C. HART. 
(Dem., Hackensack.) 

Mr. Hart was born at Sherbrooke, Canada, February 
27th, 1873, and is a lawyer, real estate developer and 
banker. He is president of the First National Bank of 
Lodi, N. J., and also several large realty companies. 
He served in the Spanish-American war, when he was 
secretary at General Fitzhugh Lee's headquarters. 

Mr. Hart was a delegate to the National Democratic 
Convention of 1908. In 1907 he was a candidate for 
State Senator in Bergen county, and was defeated by 
679 votes. He was a member of the Sixty-second Con- 
gress from the old Sixth district, succeeding William 
Hughes, who had resigned the office. 

Congressman Lewis J. Martin, representative of the 
new district, died on May 5th, 1913. Mr. Hart was 
elected to the vacancy by a plurality of 5,730 over 
Stephen Wood McCIave, the Republican candidate. 
He was elected for a full term of office in 1914 by a 
plurality of 406 over John Dynely Prince, Republican. 

1914 — Hart, Dem., 16,286; Prince, Rep., 15,880; Za- 



BTOGRAPHIES. 289 

briskie, Prog.-Roos., 1.549; Krafft, Soc, 921; McDer- 
mott, Ind.-Dem., 388; Reed, Pro.. 632; Katz, Soc. -Lab.. 
233. 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Passaic County, excepting the Townships of Pompton 

and West Milford. 

(Population, census of 1910. 209.891.) 

DOW H. DRUKKER. 

(Rep., Passaic.) 

Mr. Drukker was born in Holland, February 7th, 
1872; educated in the public schools of Grand Rapids; 
married Miss Helena M. Denhower August 31st, 1893, 
and has six children, and was elected to the Sixty- 
third Congress to fill a vacancy and re-elected to 
the Sixty-fourth Congress. 

1914— Drukker, Rep., 12,664; Cabell, Dem.. 6,944; 
Demarest, Soc, 3,370; Jager, Soc.-Lab., 191. Drukker's 
plurality, 5,720. 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

The Eighth. Eleventh and Fifteenth wards of the 
city of Newark, the towns of Belleville, Bloomfleld 
and. Nutley, all in the county of Essex, and the 
towns of Harrison and Kearny, the borough of East 
Newark, the Seventh ward of the city of Jersey 
City and the city of Bayonne. all in the county of 
Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1910, 207.642.) 

EDWARD -W. GRAY. 

(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Gray was born in Jersey City, August 18th, 1870, 
He attended the public schools, and at the age of 16 
took his first position as a clerk in New York City. 
A few years later he entered newspaper work as a 
reporter on the New York Herald. In 1898 he became 
connected with the Newark Daily Advertiser as city 
editor, and five years later was made president and 
general manager of the Advertising Publishing Com- 
pany. Mr. Gray served eight years as a member of 
19 



290 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the State Board of Tenement House Supervision; three 
years as Secretary to Governor Edward C. Stokes, and 
six years as Secretary of the Republican State Commit- 
tee. After leaving the newspaper field, he organized the 
Commercial Casualty Insurance Company of Newark, 
N. J. In 1898 Mr. Gray married Miss Altha R. Hay 
of Summit, N. J. They liave three daughters. In 
tlie primary election of 1914, Mr. Gray won the Re- 
publican nomination for Congress in the Eighth Dis- 
trict against three opponents by a plurality of more 
than 1,600 over the nearest man. In the regular 
election his plurality over McDonald, Dem., was 1,760. 
1914 — Gray, Rep., 13,438; McDonald, Dem., 11,678; 
Archibald, Prog.-Roos., 2,232; Duffy, Dem., 1,397; Mor- 
ton, Soc, 963; Simmons, Pro., 191. 



NINTH DISTRICT. 

The cities of East Orange and Orange and the First, 
Third, Sixth, Seventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth 
wards of the city of Newark. 

(Population, census of 1910, 213, 027.) 
RICHARD WAYNE PARKER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Parker was born August 6th, 1848, in Morristown, 
N. J., and is a son of the late Cortlandt Parker of 
Newark. He has lived in Newark all his life and 
was graduated in 1864 at Phillips Academy, Andover; 
at Princeton College in 1867, Columbia College Law 
School in 1869, was admitted to the New Jersey Bar 
in June, 1870, and was made Counselor in June, 1873. 
He began his practice in Newark with the law firm of 
Parker & Keasby, and continued under the title of Cort- 
landt and Wayne Parker. He was a member of the 
New Jersey Legislature in 1885 and 1886; was de- 
feated for Congress in 1892; was elected in 1894, and 
thereafter serving from 1895 to 1911; was defeated at 
the next two elections, and in 1914 was elected by 
a plurality of 1,413 over Gregory, Democrat. Mr. 
Parker has led a very active career both as a lawyer 
and a legislator. His ability and industry were 
marked not only in the New Jersey Legislature, but 
also in the National House of Representatives, where 
he has already served eight consecutive terms. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 291 

1914 — Parker, Rep., 9,482; Gregory, Dem., 8,069; 
Seymour, Dem., 5,672; Bohn, Soc, 1,342; Roper, Prog.- 
Roos., 738; Roff, Pro., 118. At a special election held 
on December 1st, 1914, Mr. Parker was elected to the 
vacancy caused by the resignation of Walter I. McCoy. 



TENTH DISTRICT. 

The Second, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth and 
Sixteenth wards of the city of Newark, the towns 
of Irvington, Montclair and West Orange, the bor- 
oughs of Caldwell, Essex Fells, Glen Ridge, North 
Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, and the 
townships of Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Livingston, 
Millburn, South Orange and the village of South 
Orange, all in the county of Essex. 

(Population, census of 1910. 206,693.) 

FREDERICK R. LEHLBACH. 

(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Lehlbach was born in New York City. January 
31st, 1876. Upon the death of his father in 1884 he 
moved to Newark where he has since resided. He 
attended the public schools of Newark and went from 
the High School to Yale University, graduating there- 
from in the class of 1897. He then studied law in the 
New York Law School and was admitted to the bar 
of New Jersey in February, 1899, and has practiced his 
profession since that time. Mr. Lehlbach has been 
an active worker for the success of the Republican 
party since attaining his majority and he has served 
as a member of the Essex County Republican Com- 
mittee. In 1899 he was elected a member of the Board 
of Education of Newark from the Third ward, and 
in 1902 he was elected to the House of Assembly and 
served three years, 1903, 1904, 1905, from Essex 
county. During his term he took an active part in 
legislation. Upon the organization of the State Board 
of Equalization of Taxes he was appointed clerk of 
that body for a term of five years, and served in that 
office from March, 1905, until April, 1908, when he 
resigned to accept the office of Second Assistant 
Prosecutor of the Pleas of Essex County. Shortly 



292 BIOGRAPHIES. 

thereafter he was promoted to First Assistant Prose- 
cutor, which office he resigned in April, 1913. Since 
then he has been practicing law in Newark, being 
the senior member of the firm of Lehlbach & Van 
Duyne. Mr. Lehlbach was elected to Congress by a 
plurality of 1,487 over Townsend, the Democratic in- 
cumbent. 

1914 — Lehlbach, Rep,, 13,765: Townsend, Dem., 12,- 
278; Ford, Prog.-Roos., 1,425; Goebel, Soc, 970; Doyle, 
Dem. -Jeff. Dem. 387; Weigand, Pro., 154. 



ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 

The townships of Weehawken and North Bergen, the 
towns of Guttenberg, West Hoboken, West New 
York and Union and the borough of Secaucus, the 
city of Hoboken and the Second ward in the city 
of Jersey City, all in the county of Hudson. 
(Population, census of 1910, 199,612.) 
JOHN J. EAGAN. 
(Dem., Weehawken.) 
Mr. Eagan was born in Hoboken, N. J., January 22, 
1872, and is a school principal, and formerly was an 
expert law and general stenographer. In 1880' he 
removed to West Hoboken and the following year to 
Union Hill, where he resided for nearly twenty years, 
then to Hoboken, where he lived from 1899 to 1907. 
For the past five years he has resided in Weehawken. 
He was a teacher in the Hoboken High School for 
several years. 

Mr. Eagan is founder and president of the Eagan 
Schools of Business, of Hoboken, Union Hill and 
Hackensack, in New Jersey, and of the Eagan Schools 
of Business of New York, one of which is located in 
the Evening Post building, 20 Vesey street, the other 
in the Bryant Park building, Forty-second street and 
Sixth avenue. He was Collector of Taxes. Town of 
Union, from 1896 to 1899. In 1912 he was elected to 
Congress by a plurality of 7,190 over Besson, Rep., 
and in 1914 was re-elected by a plurality of 9,151 
over Straus, Republican. 

1914 — Eagan, Dem., 17,551; Straus, Rep., 8,400; 
Reilly, Soc, 1,091. 



BIOGRAPHIES. J93 



TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth, 

Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth wards of Jersey City, 

all in the county of Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1910. 223,138.) 

JAMES A. HAMILL. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Hamill was born In the old Sixth Ward of Jersey 
City, March 31, 1877, and is a counselor-at-law. in the year 
1890 he entered St Peter's College, of Jersey City, and was 
graduated from that institution In 1897, receiving the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts. Returning the subsequent year, 
he completed the post graduate course in philosophy and 
received the degree of Master of Arts. He studied law 
in the office of the late Isaac Taylor, a one-time law part- 
ner of the late Chancellor Alexander T. McGill. While a 
student in the office of Mr. Taylor, Mr. Hamill attended 
the lectures of the New York Law School, and on cona- 
pleting the regular course of two years was awarded the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. In the year 1900, at the June 
term cf the Supreme Court, he was admitted to the bar, 
and since then has practiced his profession in Jersey City. 
Mr. Hamill served four years as a member of the House 
of Assembly from Iludson county and he was minority 
leader for two years. His personal popularity Is wide- 
spread and he is noted for oratory and skill in debate. He 
served as a member of the Sixtieth, Sixty-first and 
Sixty-second Congresses, was elected to the Sixty- 
third, in a new district, by a plurality of 9,881 over 
Record, Rep.-Prog., and re-elected by a plurality of 
8,881 over Higginbotham, Jr., Republican. 

1914 — Hamill, Dem., 16,260; Higginbotham, Jr., Rep.. 
7,379; Anderson, Prog.-Roos., 1,313; Pown, Soc, 831; 
Parker, Pro., 190. 



294 EXTRA SESSIONS. 



EXTRA SESSIONS OF THE LEGISLATURE AND 
SPECIAL SESSIONS OP THE SENATE. 

1861— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 30th, and adjourned on May 10th, 1861, called lir 
obedience to Governor Olden' s proclamation, to raise 
troops for the war. Laws enacted, 13; Joint Reso- 
lutions, 2. 

1877— A special session of the Senate was convened in 1877, 
for the purpose of acting on the Governor's nomina- 
tions of District Court Judges. It met on March 28th 
and adjourned on March 30th. 

1884— A special session of the Senate was convened in 1884. 
to act on the Governor's nominations for members of 
the State Board of Assessors. It met on April 23d 
and lasted two hours. 

1897— An extra session of the Legislature was called on 
May 25th, 1897, to correct an error In a law providing 
for the submission to the people of proposed amend- 
ments to the Constitution. The session met at noon 
and adjourned sine die the same day at 6:47 P. M. 

1903— An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
April 21st, 1903, to correct an error In the "Passaic 
Valley Sewerage District act" of 1903. The session 
lasted about five hours and a final adjournment was 
effected on the same day. 

1903— Another extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on October 15th, 1903, to pass an act to estab- 
lish a system of public instruction to take the place 
of an act of March 26th, 1902, which had been declared 
unconstitutional by the Court of Errors and Appeals. 
The session covered four days, and a final adjourn- 
ment was effected on October 19th. The action of 
the Legislature was confined to the subject for which 
it was convened in extraordinary session. 

1904— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 12th to consider the report of the Morris Canal 
Commission and the bill to prevent the shooting of 
pigeons from traps. The session was adjourned on 
the night of the same day, after having passed four 
bills which became laws. 

1908— A special session of the Senate was convened on 
Friday, May 8th, to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only a few hours, when there 
was a final adjournment. 



EXTRA SESSIOXS. 295 

1913 — An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
on May 6th to consider a new jury system, pro- 
posed constitutional convention and small board 
government for counties. After several recesses 
a final adjournment occurred on May 26th. Laws 
enacted, 22. 

1913 — Another extra session of the Legislature con- 
vened on August 5th to consider questions relat- 
ing to Jersey City commission government, and a 
final adjournment occurred on August 12th, 
Laws enacted, 2. 

1914 — A special session of the Senate was convened 
on April 24th to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only three quarters of an 
hour when there was a final adjournment. 

1915 — An extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on May 3d to correct errors in a law pro- 
viding for a special election to consider proposed 
amendments to the State Constitution. The ses- 
sion lasted ten hours and was adjourned the 
same day. Laws enacted, 2. 



296 BIOGRAPHIES. 



STATE SENATORS. 



Atlantic County. 

(Population, 82,840.) 

WALTER E. EDGE. 
(R^p., Atlantic City.) 

Senator Edge was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Novem- 
ber 20th, 1873, and is in the general advertising busi- 
ness. He was a member of the personal staff of Gov- 
ernors Murphy and Stokes and at present is Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Cliief of Ordnance Department on staff 
of Major-General C Edward Murray, New Jersey Na- 
tional Guard. In 1897, '98, '99 the Colonel served as 
Journal Clerk of the New Jersey State Senate, and In 
1901, '02, '03, '04 was Secretary of that body. He was 
a Presidential Elector the same year. He was elected 
to the Assembly in 1909 by the phenomenal plurality 
of 7,798 over Burgan, the Democratic candidate. This 
is the largest plurality ever given in Atlantic county. 
He served as Republican leader of the House of As- 
sembly in 1910. He was elected! to the State Senate in 
1910 by a plurality of 5,496 over Langham, Democrat. 
In 1912 he was the majority leader on the floor of the 
Senate. 

In 1913 the Colonel was re-elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 3,990 over Shaner, Dem. 

In 1915 he served as President of the Senate with 
much dignity, ability and impartiality. 

1913 — Edge, Rep., 7,198; Shaner, Dem.. 3,208; Marvel, 
Prog., 1,046; Lerner, Soc, 209; Lynch, Pro., 179. 



Bergen County. 

(Population. 178.596.) 

CHARLES O'CONNOR HENNESSY. 
(Dem., Haworth.) 

Mr. Hennessy was born in Waterford, Ireland. Sep- 
tember 11th, 1860, and is manager of The Franklin So- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 297 

ciety for Home Building and Savings of New York. He 
was formerly a newspaper writer and editor. He was 
educated in the public schools of Brooklyn, and was ac- 
tive in social reform and political movements in that 
city for years before making his home in New Jersey, 
about eighteen years ago. He is known throughout the 
United States as an authority and as a writer and 
speaker upon co-operative financiering, and has been 
the president of the New York State League of Savings 
and Loan Associations, as well as president of the 
United States League of Local Building-Loan Associa- 
tions, an organization that includes the representatives 
of twenty-two states. In 1911 by running ahead of his 
ticket, he was elected to the Assembly on the Demo- 
cratic ticket by a plurality of 138 over Wells, Republi- 
can, and with two Republican associates. In 1912 he 
was re-elected, with two Democratic associates, run- 
ning nearly 700 votes ahead of his nearest associate on 
the Assembly ticket. In 1913 he served as chairman 
of the Assembly Committee on Appropriations and as a 
member of the Committee on Railroads and Canals. 

Mr. Hennessy was elected Senator from Bergen in 
1913 by a plurality of 1837 over ex-Judge Milton Dema- 
rest, the Republican candidate. Again he showed his 
standing with his constituency by polling over 800 votes 
more than the vote cast for the Democratic Assembly 
candidates. He received the unusual honor of appoint- 
ment in the 1914 Senate to three important Chairman- 
ships — Appropriations, Elections and Taxation, and as 
chairman of the Joint Committee on Appropriations 
conducted the important investigation into the needs 
of state departments and institutions. He was the 
author of or sponsor for much important legislation. 

In the session of 1915 the Senator was the leader 
of the Democratic minority and served on the Com- 
mittees on Judiciary. Taxation, Finance, Public Print- 
ing and Sinking Fund. 

1913 — Hennessy. Dem., 10,628; Demarest, Rep., 8,791; 
Zabriskie, Prog., 2,141; Peter F. Hopper, Pro., 260; 
Craig, Soc, 876; May, Soc.-Lab., 180. 



298 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Burlington County. 

(Population, 74,737.) 

HAROLD B. WELLS. 
(Rep., Bordentown.) 

Senator Wells was born at Pemberton, February 23d, 
1876. His father was Davis C. Wells, for many years 
a druggist at Pemberton, N. J., and his mother was 
the daughter of Dr. Aaron Reid, for many years a 
practicing physician in Burlington county. He mar- 
ried Grace A. Heisler, .daughter of William H. Heisler, 
president of the Manufacturers' National Bank, of 
Philadelphia, and his family consists of three children. 
He attended Peddie Institute at Hightstown four years, 
from which he was graduated in 1894. In the fall 
of that year he entered Princeton University and was 
gradviated in 1898. He studied law with McGee & 
Bedle, Jersey City, two years, and subsequently with 
Eckard P. Budd, Mount Holly. He was admitted to 
the New Jersey bar in the June term, 1902, and is 
at the present time an attorney and counsellor-at-law, 
a special master in Chancery, and has practiced his 
profession for over thirteen years in Burlington county. 
On October 22d, 1914, he was appointed by the United 
States District Court as receiver for the Florence Iron 
Works. He is trustee of the Trinity Methodist Epis- 
copal church, at Bordentown; superintendent of the 
Sunday school; a member of the Burlington County 
Committee of the Young Men's Christian Association; 
member of the Masonic Lodge and Knights of Pythias, 
and a director in the Bordentown Building and Loan 
Association. He is city solicitor of the city of Borden- 
town and mow represents or has represented as solici- 
tor the following municipalities: The township of 
Mansfield, the towmship of Chesterfield, the Board of 
Education of Florence township, the borough of Fields- 
boro and the borough of Pemberton. 

The Senator was a member of the Board of Edu- 
cation, Bordentown, three years. He was elected to 
the State Senate by a plurality of 3,459 over James 
Mercer Davis, Democrat. 

1915 — Wells, Rep., 8,502; Davis, Dem., 5,043; Ridg- 
way, Pro., 236. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 299 

Camden County. 

(Population, 163,221.) 

WILLIAM THACKARA READ. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Senator Read was born in Camden, N. J., Novem- 
ber 22d, 1878, and is a counsellor-at-law of New Jer- 
sey. He was educated in the public schools of Cam- 
den and William Penn Charter School of Philadel- 
phia and was graduated from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1900 with degree of Bachelor of Science. 
He was registered as a law student in the office of J. 
Willard Morgan, former State Comptroller, and at- 
tended the Law School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney at the November term, 1903, and as a 
counsellor three years later. Since his admission he 
has practised law at Camden. He is vice-president, also 
solicitor, of the First National Bank of Camden, and so- 
licitor of the Mutual Building and Loan Association of 
Camden; a director of the West Jersey Trust Company 
of Camden, and of the Colestown Cemetery Company; 
also a member of the Board of Managers of Camden 
County Bar Association, member of the New Jersey So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania, of the New Jersey State Bar As- 
sociation, and of the American Bar Association, and has 
been district examiner of the Board of Education of 
the city of Camden over eight years; has been Solicitor 
of the borough of Riverton from January 1st, 1910 to 
J914, and of the township of Voorhees from January 1st, 
1911 to 1914. In March, 1909, he was appointed second 
lieutenant of the Third Regiment, N. G. N. J., and as- 
signed to the First Battalion as Quartermaster ana 
Commissary. In 1909, '10, '11 he was an expert rifle- 
man, a member of the Third Regiment rifle team 1910- 
11, and a member of New Jersey State Rifle Team, 1910. 
In the spring of 1913 he was appointed to serve on the 
staff of Adjutant-General Sadler with the rank of Ma- 
jor. He is a member of Camden Lodge, No. 15, F. and 
A. M., Siloam Chapter, Van Hook' Council, Excelsior 
Consistory 32d Degree, Tall Cedars of Lebanon and 
Crescent Temple. He is also a member of the American 
Academy of Political and Social Science, and the Army 



300' BIOGRAPHIES. 

and Navy Club of New York. In 1911 he was elected 
to the Senate by a plurality of 1,255 over French, 
Democrat, and in 1914 his plurality over Bleakly. 
Democrat, was increased to 9,530. 

He was also a member of the Jury Reform Commis- 
sion. He was minority leader on the floor of the Sen- 
ate in 1913 and 1914, and majority leader in 1915. He 
was elected President of the Senate in 1916. Last 
year the Senator served as chairman of the Commit- 
tees on Judiciary, State Prison and Villag-e for Epi- 
leptics and as a member of the Committees on Cor- 
porations, Finance, Elections, Militia and Riparian 
Rights. 

1914 — Read, Rep., 16,858; Bleakly, Dem., 7,328; Red- 
field, Prog-.-Roos., 771; Sheldon, Pro., 597; Whitley, 
Soc, 1,496. 



Cnpe May County. 

(Population, 24,407.) 

LEWIS T. STEVENS. 
(Rep., Cape May.) 

Senator Stevens was born in Lower township (now 
West Cape May), N. J., August 22d, 1868, and Is a 
counsellor-at-law. He received his education in the 
public schools in the city of Cape May, and as a 
special student at Princeton College and in the Me- 
tropolis Law School, New York City. He learned the 
trade of a printer in the Cape May Wave office, and 
in working at the case and acting as correspondent 
for metropolitan newspapers he saved money with 
which to pay his way in Princeton and the law school. 
While attending law school at night in New York 
in 1893 and 1894, he was employed during the day 
as an associate editor of two magazines. He was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar as attorney in the 
June term, 1898, and as a counsellor at the February 
term, 1902. In January, 1899, he was appointed a 
referee in bankruptcy by the late Judge Andrew Kirk- 
patrick, of the U. S. District Court, and served for 
the districts of Cifmberland and Cape May counties 
for fifteen years, resigning to take his seat as a mem- 
ber of the House of Assembly in January, 1914. In 
1892 he was elected to the city council of Cape May, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 301 

and served for three years, and during- the last year 
of the term was president of the body, being its 
young-est president. He was tax collector of Cape 
May in 1899. and served as a member and secretary 
of the Board of ^Health from 1894 to 1906. He was 
solicitor of Lower Township from 1905 to 1908. In 
1889, upon reaching" his majority, he was a delegate 
to the gubernatorial convention which nominated the 
late Gen. Edward Burd Grubb, and since then has 
been interested in good government. For ten years, 
from 1890, he was secretary of the Republican County 
Committee. He served as assistant secretary of th^ 
Senate in the sessions of 1905 and 1906. In addition 
to his other work, he edited the Cape May Wave in 
1898 and 1899, and was publisher and editor of the 
Cape May Herald from 1903 to 1912. He is the author 
of "The History of Cape May County," a 480-page 
pure historj', and in 1914 compiled "New Jersey Com- 
mission Government," the Walsh act, and has pre- 
pared for publication many other legal and literary 
pamphlets. He served in the Assembly in 1914 and 
1915, and was elected to the Senate over his predeces- 
sor, Hon. Harry C. Wheaton, by a plurality of 91, in 
the most valiantly fought tontest made in the State 
in 1915. 

1915 — Stevens. Rep., 2,091; Wheaton, Dem., 2,000; 
Reeves, Pro., 103. 



Cumberland County. 

(Population, 59,481.) 

JOHN A. ACKLEY. 
(Dem., Vineland.) 

Senator Ackley was born at Absecon, N. J., July 14th, 
1854, and is in the real estate, auctioneer and general 
merchandising business. He received his education 
In the Bridgeton and Vineland public schools, has 
worked in many different branches of industry and 
now carries on his business in Vineland and Wild- 
wood. He is an expert in real estate appraisement. 
H© has been actively eng-aged in business twenty- 
eig-ht years, always interested in public affairs — in 
political and social reform, and is a member of many 



302 BIOGRAPHIES. 

social and fraternal org-anizations. Mr, Ackley was 
a justice of the peace from 1888 to 1903, a member of 
Council from 1897 to 1900, of the Board of Education 
from 1907 to 1910, a trustee of the Public Library, 
and is a member of the Boards of Trade in Vineland 
and Wildwood. Last year he served on the Committees 
on Clerg-y, Education and Unfinished Business. 

Mr. Ackley was elected to the State Senate by a plu- 
rality of 226 over Davis, Republican, 

1913 — Ackley. Dem,, 3,426; Davis, Rep., 3,200; Fith- 
ian, Prog-., 1,826; McKeen, See, 211, 



ESssex Connty. 

(Population, 566,324.) 

AUSTEN COLGATE. 
(Rep., Orange.) 

Senator Colgate was born at Orange, N. J., August 
12th, 1863, is a manufacturer and a graduate of Yale 
University, He was a member of the Assembly in 
1906, 1908 and 1909. He was appointed by Governor 
Fort as his personal Aide in the winter of 1908. He 
is Deputy Adjutant-General of the National Guard of 
New Jersey and a thirty-second degree Mason. He is 
president of the Jersey City Chamber of Commerce. 
The Colonel was elected to the State Senate in Novem- 
ber, 1911, by a plurality of 4,862 over Harry V, Os- 
borne, Democrat, his predecessor in office. In 1914 
he was re-elected by a plurality of 15,375 over Stock- 
ton, Democrat, Last year he served as chairman of 
the Committees on Militia, Public Health, Railroads 
and Canals, and Public Grounds and Buildings, and as 
a member of the Committees on Highways, Labor and 
Industries, State Prison, Stationery and Incidental Ex- 
penses and State Hospitals. 

1914 — Colgate, Rep., 35,722; Stockton, Dem., 20,347; 
Klein, Prog.-Roos, 4,118; McDermit, Ind.-Prog.-Dem., 
5,064; Wittel, Soc, 2,771; Sloat, Pro., 331. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 303 

Gloucester County. 

(Population, 43,587.) 

GEORGE W. F. GAUNT. 
(Rep., Mullica Hill.) 

Senator Gaunt was born in Mantua township, Glou- 
cester county, September 9th, 1865, on the "Homestead 
Farm," residing there until March 5th, 1901, when he 
purchased the farm he now owns and operates near 
MuUica Hill. Mr. Gaunt was educated in the public 
schools of the county, graduating- from the Deptford 
school, Woodbury. He is regarded as an authority 
on all matters pertaining to agriculture, a successful 
farmer and a man of wonderful executive ability, 
which has been best shown by the rapid and sub- 
stantial growth made by the New Jersey State Grange 
during his fourteen years as Master; an organization 
which has grown in membership from approximately 
3,000 to 25,000 during his incumbency as Master. 

He was not new to the legislative methods as his 
voice had been often heard prior to his election 
to the Senate before committees of that body in the 
interests of legislation concerning the agricultural' 
and dairy interests of the State. 

He served the National Grange as Lecturer for 
four years, and at its 1909 session, held in Des Moines, 
Iowa, was honored by election to High Priest, the 
highest official position within the gift of the Grange. 
In 1913 he was again elected Lecturer of the National 
Grange for a term of two years. In 1908 he was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 524 over 
Newton, Democrat. 

His first year in the Senate was made especially 
eventful by his strong, earnest and successful fight 
for the passage of the "Trolley Freight Bill.' Sub- 
sequently he took an active part in Public Utility, Cold 
Storage, Commission on Tuberculosis in Animals, Good 
Roads and Automobile legislation. He introduced 
and had passed the Fifty-year Franchise act. He was 
re-elected to the Senate in 1911 by a plurality of 
518 over George B. Hurff, Democrat. He has served 
as chairman of the Committees on Agriculture, Ap- 
propriation, Public Health, New Jersey Reformatory, 



304 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and as a member of the Committees on Federal Re- 
lations, Sinking- Fund and Treasurer's Accounts. 

He was elected a director of the Philadelphia Federal 
Reserve Bank under the provisions of the Federal 
Reserve act by the 264 Banks in Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey and Delaware of g-roup 3, class B and was 
re-elected in 1915 for a term of three years. 

In 1914 the Senator was given a third term by the 
increased plurality of 1,115 over Allen, Democrat. 
He is the only Senator wlio was ever given such a 
long tenure of office in Gloucester county since the 
adoption of the Constitution in 1844. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Agriculture, Education, Highways, School for Deaf 
Mutes, New Jersey Reformatory and as a member of 
the Committees on Appropriations, Public Healtli, 
Home for Feeble Minded Children and Village for 
Epileptics. 

' 1914— Gaunt, Rep., 4,070; Allen, Dem., 2,955; Rober- 
son, Prog., 367; Repp, Pro., 930. 



Hurt.son County. 

(Population, 571,371.) 

CHARLES M. EGAN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Senator Egan was born in Jersey City, September 
21st, 1877. He is a son of the late Michael and Maria 
Egan; the former was an officec in General Meagher's 
famous "Irish Brigade." which rendered such gallant 
service in the Civil ^\^ar — being Captain of Company 
G, 88th New York Volunteers. Captain Eg-an won 
honor and distinction upon the field of battle; he was 
wounded nine times and his Company, which was or- 
ganized with 118 men, lost, in killed and wounded, 
112 men. The Senator is a lawyer by profession. 
He was educated in St. Michael's Parochial School, 
Public School No. 21 and St, Peter's College, all of 
Jersey City. He attended the New York Law School, 
served his clerkship in the office of John Griffin, now 
vice-chancellor, and was admitted to the bar November 
13th, 1899. He was a member of the House of As- 
sembly during the years 1911. 1912 and 1913. He 



BIOGRAPHIES. 305 

received the highest vote at the primaries held in 
September, 1911, and again at those held in September, 
1912, and, also, at the general elections held in No- 
vember, 1911, and in November, 1912. He served as 
majority leader in the House of Assembly in 1913. 
He was elected to the Senate in November, 1913, by 
the phenomenal plurality of 28,213 votes over Phil'-p 
W. Grece, the Republican candidate; this plurality, 
for a county candidate, establishes a "high-water" 
mark — being the largest plurality ever given a can- 
didate for public office in any county in the State of 
New Jersey. Last year he served on the Committees 
on Militia. Municipal Corporations, Revision of Laws 
and Passed Bills. 

1913 — Egan, Dem., 39,141; Grece, Rep. and Fusion, 
10,898; Higgins, Prog., 6,635; Quinlan, Soc, 2.955; 
Parker, Pro., 545; Sweeney, Soc. -Lab., 359. 



Hunterdon County. 

(Population, 34,697.) 

GEORGE F. MARTENS, JR. 
(Dem., New Germantown.) 

Senator Martens was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary 21st, 1867. He served three years in the House 
of Assembly— 1897, '98 and '99 and as State Senator — 
1904 to 1907, 1913 to 1915, and was re-elected in 1915 
by a plurality of 673 over Eastwood, Republican. 
Last year he served on the Committees on Agriculture, 
Highways, Home for Feeble-Minded Children and Pub- 
lic Grounds and Buildings. 

1915 — Martens, Dem., 3,836; Eastwood, Rep., 3,163; 
Gordon, Pro., 279. 



Mercer County. 

(Population, 139,812.) 

BARTON B. HUTCHINSON. 

(Rep.. Trenton.) 

Senator Hutchinson was born at AUentown, Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, June 10th, 1860, and is a 
20 



306 BIOGRAPHIES. 

lawyer by profession. He was a member of the 
House of Assembly from Mercer county in 1892 and 
1893; was State Senator from Mercer county in 1905, 
1906 and 1907, and in 1913 he was again elected to 
the State Senate. His term will expire in 1916. 

1913 — Hutchinson, Rep., 6,968; Montgomery, Dem., 
6,315; Reeves, Prog., 3,978; Spair, Soc, 753. 



Middlesex County. 

(Population, 144,716.) 

WILLIAM EDWIN FLORANCE. 
(Dem., New Brunswick.) 

Senator Florance was born in Toronto, Canada, 
April 16th, 1865. In May of that year his parents 
moved to New Brunswick, N. J., where he has spent 
his whole life. He is a graduate of the High School 
and of Rutgers College, Class of 1885. He studied 
law in the ofRces of former Judge J. Kearny Rice and 
of the late Justice of the Supreme Court, Willard P. 
Voorhees, and was admitted as an attorney at the 
November term, 1887, and as counselor at the Novem- 
ber term^ 1890. Mr. Florance has served as city col- 
lector, city treasurer and mayor of New Brunswick, 
and was also a member of the State Board of Edu- 
cation from 1905 to 1911. In September, 1914, he was 
appointed prosecutor of the pleas of Middlesex county, 
to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge 
George S. Silzer, and on February 1st, 1915, was 
named by Governor Fielder and confirmed by the 
Senate for the full term of five years in the same 
office. 

He is president of the New Brunswick Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, vice-president of the National 
Bank of New Jersey, one of the managers of and 
counsel for the New Brunswick Savings Institution, 
a director and counsel for the Security Building and 
Loan Association, a trustee of Rutgers College, 
treasurer of the Committee of the General Synod of 
the Reformed Church in America on the Seminary 
Grounds and Property at New Brunswick, and a 
trustee of the Free Public Library of New Bruns- 
wick, also a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 307 

of the Chi Psi Fraternity, of Union Lodge, F. and A. 
M., and a Past Regent of Adelphic Council No. 1,015, 
Royal Arcanum. 

He was elected Senator by a plurality- of 231 over 
William A. Spencer, Republican. 

1915 — Florance, Dem., 8,753; Spencer, Rep., 8,522; 
Barbour, Nat. Pro., 714; Tyrell, Prog., 361. 



Monmouth County. 

(Population, 107,636.) 

HENRY ELIJAH ACKERSON, JR. 
(Dem., Keyport.) 

Senator Ackerson was born in Holmdel township, 
near Hazlet, Monmouth county, New Jersey, October 
15th, 1880. In 1890 his parents moved to Keyport, N. J. 
where he entered the local public school ^and was 
graduated from the Keyport High School in 1898 
with high honors. He was then employed for a time 
as a clerk in the People's National Bank of Keyport, 
and then entered the Packard Commercial School, 
New York City, and after his graduation there, became 
secretary to the manager of a New York brokerage 
firm, and during this employment he continued his 
education with the Senftner Preparatory School in 
New York City, attending the night classes, with 
the view of preparing himself to take up the study 
of law. He passed the New York Regents' exami- 
nations in 1900 and was admitted to the New York 
Law School, from which he graduated in the year 
1902 at the head of a large class of students, with 
an exceptionally high average in his examinations, 
and as a result of this record he was appointed Pro- 
fessor of Pleading and Practice at the Law School, 
which position he occupied for two years, being at the 
same time connected with a law firm in Jersey 
City. He was admitted to the New Jersey Bar as 
an attorney-at-law, March 7th, 3 904, and was made 
a counsellor-at-law and Master in Chancery No- 
vember 28th, 1909. 

On May 1st, 1906, Mr. Ackerson left the law firm 
in Jersey City to engage in the practice of law by 
himself in his home town of Keyport, where he has 



308 BIOGRAPHIES. 

practiced continuously ever since. He has never 
before been a candidate for any elective office. He 
served as attorney of the Borough of Keyport from 
January 1st, 1909, to January 1st, 1914, and has been 
counsel for the township of Holmdel continuously 
since January 1st, 1909. On February 11th, 1914, 
he was appointed counsel to the Board of Chosen 
Freeholders of the county of Monmouth, which office 
he now holds. 

He is a director of and attorney for the People's 
National Bank of Keyport, and is Vice-President of 
the Keyport Free Public Library Association. He 
is a member of the Royal Arcanum, being a Past 
Regent of that order and has also served as Super- 
vising Deputy Grand Regent for that order in Mon- 
mouth county. 

In 1914 he was elected to the Senate by a plurality 
of 807 over Appleby, Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Elections, 
Game an^ Fish, Home for Feeble Minded Women and 
State Home for Boys. 

He was chosen minority leader for the session of 
1916. 

1914 — Ackerson, Jr., Dem., 9,496; Appleby, Rep., 
8,689; Coleman, Prog., 868; Scott, Pro., 211. 



Morris County. 

(Population, 81,514.) 

CHARLES A. RATHBUN. 
(Rep., Madison.) 

Senator Rathbun was born in ^Madison, N. J., Jan- 
uary 7th, 1867, and has always resided there. Mr. 
Rathbun attended the public school at Madison. In 
June, 1889, he was graduated with the degree of LL.B. 
from the Columbia College Law School and in the 
same month he was admitted by the Supreme Court 
of this State as an attorney-at-law, and three years 
later as a counselor-at-law. In 1899, the Supreme 
Court appointed him a Supreme Court Commissioner 
and also one of the bar examiners. In 1904, Chancellor 
Magie appointed him a Special Master in Chancery. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 309 

Mr. Rathbun was attorney of the borough of Madison 
from May, 1897, to November, 1901, when he resigned; 
and again from January 1st, 1906, to January 1st, 
1916. He served as counsel of the Morris County 
Board of Freeholders for two years and as attorney 
of the borough of Florham Park for several years. 
His first appointments as attorney of Madison and 
Florham Park were made by democratic mayors. In 
1903 he was appointed prosecutor of the pleas for 
Morris county by Governor Murphy and in 1908 he 
was re-appointed by Governor Fort for a further term 
of five years. He has been president of the Prose- 
cutors' Association of New Jersey. 

Mr. Rathbun is a director and the solicitor of the 
Madison Building and Loan Association. He is a 
past master of Madison Lodge No. 93, F. & A. M., 
and a charter member of Salaam Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine; also a past regent of North Jersey Council 
No. 1181 of the Royal Arcanum. He is a trustee of 
the Presbyterian Church of Madison. In politics he 
has always been a Republican. He was elected to 
the State Senate by a plurality of 239 over Lyons, 
Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Elections, Municipal Corporations and Federal Re- 
lations and as a member of the Committees on Ju- 
diciary, Taxation, Appropriations and Public Printing. 
He was chosen majority leader for the session of 1916. 

1913 — Rathbun, Rep., 5,379; Lyons, Dem., 5,140; 
Hopkins, Prog., 1,208; Timmons, Soc, 492; Crane, Pro., 
245. 



Ocean County. 

(Population, 23,011.) 

THOMAS ALFRED MATHIS. 
(Rep., Toms River.) 

Senator Mathis was born in New Gretna, N. J., June 
7, 1869, and is a Yatching Master Mariner. He was 
Councilman of the borough of Tuckerton from 1902 
to 1906, inclusive, and a member of the Board of Com- 
missioners of Pilotage from 1906 to 1909. While a 
member of borough council of Tuckerton, he was the 
prime mover in the building of docks along Tuckerton 



310 BIOGRAPHIES. 

creek, personally supervising the work. He was an 
active member of the Tuckerton Creek Improvement 
Committee, and it was in a great measure due to his 
untiring efforts that the United States government 
recommended an expenditure of over $60,000 for im- 
proving that waterway, a large part of which sum 
has already been spent. He was also a member of the 
Little Egg Harbor Inlet Improvement Association and 
was instrumental in securing improved lighthouse and 
buoy service at that inlet. Was Assistant Chief of 
Tuckerton Fire Department for over eight years, and 
during that time was also one of its directors; was 
also one of the directors and founders of the Tucker- 
ton Y. M. C. A.; also one of the directors of the Tuck- 
erton Building and Loan Association. In 1909 he was 
elected to the Senate over Hoyt, Democrat, by a ma- 
jority of 1,262. Harrison's (Democrat) majority two 
years before being 1,389, showing a change of 2,651 
votes. He was elected for one year to fill the unex- 
pired term of the late William J. Harrison. In 1913 
he was elected for a full term by a plurality of 47 
over Austin, Dem. Last year he served as chairman 
of the Committees on Game and Fish, Commerce and 
Navigation, Home for Feeble Minded Women and State 
Home for Boys and as a member of the Committees 
on Banks and Insurance, Riparian Rights, Miscella- 
neous Business and Passed Bills. 

1913— Mathis, Rep., 1,735; Austin, Dem., 1,688; Now- 
lan. Prog., 857; Bunnell, Pro,, 53. 



Passaie County. 

(Population, 236,364.) 

THOMAS F. McCRAN. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Senator McCran was born in Newark, N. J., De- 
cember 2d, 1875, and is a lawyer by profession. He 
is a son of Thomas McCran, who was an Assemblyman 
from Passaic in 1890. He was educated in the local 
schools of the city of Paterson and at Seton Hall 
College, and was graduated from the latter in June, 
1896, with the degree of B.S. He entered the law 
office of Hon. William B. Gourley in September, 1896, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 311 

and was admitted to the bar at the November term, 
1899, and as a counselor at the February term, 1911. 
He continued in Mr. Gourley's office until March, 1907, 
when he opened an office of his own. He was ap- 
pointed City Attorney of the city of Paterson in No- 
vember, 1907, resigning this office in 1912. He was 
a member of the House of Assembly in 1910, 1911 and 
1912. In 1911 he served as Minority Leader and in 
1912 he was the Speaker of the House. In 1912 he 
was defeated for the Senate by Peter J. McGinnis by 
167 votes. In 1915 he defeated Mr. McGinnis with a 
plurality of 8,162. 

1915 — McCran, Rep., 15,910; McGinnis, Dem., 7,748; 
Webster, Soc, 2,292; Patton, Pro., 2,997; Berdan, Soc- 
Lab., 458. 



Salem County. 

(Population, 30,292.) 

COLLINS B. ALLEN. 
(Rep., Salem.) 

Senator Allen, a prominent farmer in Mannington 
township, Salem county, N. J., was born on the old 
Homestead farm, August 9th, 1866. He entered the lo- 
cal public school, afterward attended a private school 
in Salem. He was elected a member of the Board of 
Education of Mannington township in 1896, appointed 
district clerk of that board in 1897 and now holds 
both positions. In 1897 he was elected township 
clerk and held that office until he was nominated for 
the Senate. Mr. Allen served as sheriff of Salem 
county for a term of three years, beginning in 1905. 

He is a director of the Salem National Banking 
Company, also a director of the South Jersey Farmers' 
Exchange. He is a member of Salem Grange No. 
172, and held the office of master for two years, and 
is also a member of Forest Lodge No. 7, K. of P. 

He was elected to the Senate in 1914 by a plurality 
of 519 over Smick, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Home for Feeble-Minded Children, Sanatorium of 
Tuberculous Diseases, Printed Bills, and Unfinished 
Business; also member of the Committees on State 



312 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Home for Girls, Agriculture, Borougb.s and Townships, 
and Game and Fisheries. 

1914 — Allen, Rep., 3,114; Smick, Dem., 2,595; Haines, 
Prog.-Roos., 99; Coleman, Pro., 88. 



Somerset County. 

(Population, 44,123.) 

WILLIAM W. SMALLEY. 
(Rep., Bound Brook.) 

Senator Smalley was born in Middlesex county, near 
Bound Brook, December 17th, 1850. He was educated 
at the New York University Grammar School and 
Eastman's Business College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. He 
was a clerk in a New York City banking house for 
seven years, and for the past thirty-two years he has 
been engaged in the lumber business and manufactur- 
ing at Bound Brook. Twice lie was eiec-ted Council- 
man in the borough of Bound Brook. He is presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Bound Brook 
and former president of the Board of Trade. He 
served four years — 1907, '08, '09, '10-— as a member of 
the Assembly and made for himself a most creditable 
record during his term of service. Mr. Smalley was 
elected to the State Senate in November, 1911, by a 
plurality of 295 over George M. LaMonte, Democrat, 
and in 1914, in approbation of his faithful service, he 
was re-elected by a plurality of 903 over Speaker 
Azariah M. Beekman, Democrat. Last year he served 
as chairman of the Committees on Appropriations, 
Finance, Social Welfare and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Education, Labor and Industries, New Jer- 
sey Reformatory, Soldiers' Home, Unfinished Business 
and Sinking Fund. 

1914 — Smalley, Rep., 3,744; Beekman, Dem., 2,841; 
Kenyon, Prog.-Roos., 471; Ackor, Pro., 56. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 313 

Sussex County. 

(Population, 25,977.) 

SAMUEL TILDEN MUNSON. 
(Dem., franklin Furnace.) 

Senator Munson was born November 4th, 187G, at 
Franklin Furnace, in what is called the Munson 
homestead', and has lived there all his life. He went 
into mercantile business when twenty years of age 
and is still at the same old stand. He was graduated 
from the New York Military Academy, Cornwall-on- 
the-Hudson, in 1895. He was Collector of Taxes in 
Hardyston township for seven years, beginning when 
twenty-six years old, from 1902 to 1909. This town- 
ship at that time was Republican by 150, and he was 
elected as a Democrat by 137 majority. He has been 
a member of the Democratic County Committee for 
ten years and never sought any other office in the 
town'ship, county or State until 1912 when he was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 839 over Huston, 
Republican. In 1915, he was re-elected by a plurality 
of 179 over Thomas W. De Kay, Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Federal 
Relations, Printed Bills, Miscellaneous Business and 
State Prison. 

He served in the House of Assembly as Assistant 
Journal Clerk in 1907. 

1915 — Munson. Dem., 2,495; De Kay, Rep., 2.316; 
Beemer, Pro.. 135. 



Union County. 

KPopulation, 167,322.) 

CARLTON B. PIERCE. 
(Rep., Cranford.) 

Senator Pierce was born in Trenton, June 22d, 1857, 
and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated in the 
public schools in New Brunswick, later graduating 
from Rutgers Col^ge and the Albany Law School. He 
served three terms in the Assembly. 1908-10. 

He was elected to the Senate in 1911 by a plurality 
of 1,358 over McAdams, Democrat, and re-elected in 



314 BIOGRAPHIES. 

1914 by a plurality of 1,971 over Stewart, Democrat. 
Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Revision of Laws, Taxation, Clergy, State Library 
and Sinking- Fund, and as a member of the Committees 
on Commerce and Navigation, Federal Relations, Pub- 
lic Printing and Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases, 
1914 — Pierce, Rep., 11,796; Stewart, Dem., 9,825; 
Keyes, Soc, 1,719; Washabaugh, Pro., 277. 



Warren County. 

(Population, 44,314.) 

THOMAS BARBER. 
(Dem., Phillipsburg.) 

Senator Barber was born at Port Warren, Warren 
County, New Jersey, May 11th, 1868; and is a physi- 
cian by profession. He is a lineal descendant of John 
Barber, Esq.. who settled at what is now Lopatcong 
Township, prior to 1740. Dr. Barber's ancestors were 
actively engaged in the Revolution. His great grand- 
father. Barber, was for some time a revolutionary 
soldier. His great grandfather, Thomas Kennedy, a 
nephew of General William Maxwell, was a member 
of Kennedy's brigade of teams. His great grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Sr., was wounded at the battle of 
Trenton. His great great grandfather, Mathias Ship- 
man, was Lieutenant Colonel of Second Sussex Regi- 
ment. His great great grandfather, Jonas Hartzell, 
was a member of a committee of safety. His grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Jr., was a sergeant in the war of 
1812. Dr. Barber received his early education In the 
public schools, and prepared for college at the Phil- 
lipsburg and Easton High Schools. He entered Lafa- 
yette in 1891, graduated in the arts, 1895; and in 
medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 1898. He 
located in Phillipsburg and has since practiced in con- 
junction with his brother. Dr. Isaac Barber. In the 
1911 election, in Phillipsburg alone, he received a 
majority of 1,568, the largest majority ever given a 
candidate for any office in the histA-y of the munici- 
pality. The Doctor was elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 2.152 over Marvin A. Pierson, Republican. 
He was re-elected in 1914 by the increased pliirality 



BIOGRAPHIES. 315 

of 2,439 over Shoemaker, Rep. Last year he served as 
a member of the Committees on Public Health, Sani- 
torium. for Tuberculous Diseases, School for Deaf 
Mutes, Riparian Rights and Village for Epileptics. 

1914 — Barber, Dem., 4,764; Shoemaker, Rep., 2,325; 
Fowler, Pro., 427. 



Summary. 

Senate — Republicans 13 Democrats 8 = 21 

House — Republicans 40 Democrats 20 = 60 

53 28 = 81 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 25. 



When Regular Senatorial Elections Occur. 

In 1916 — Atlantic, Mercer, Morris and Ocean, now 
represented by Republicans, and Bergen, Cumberland 
and Hudson, now represented by Democrats, 7. 

In 1917 — Camden, Essex, Gloucester, Somerset, Salem 
and Union now represented by Republicans, and Mon- 
mouth and "Warren represented by Democrats, 8. 

In 1918 — Cape May, Burlington and Passaic, now 
represented by Republicans, and Hunterdon, Middlesex 
and Sussex represented by Democrats, 6. 



31& BIOGRAPHIES. 



HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY, 



Atlantic County. 

CARLTON GODFREY. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Godfrey was born at Beesley's Point, Cape May 
county, N. J., January 13th, 1865, and spent his boy- 
hood days on the farm. He was ediicated in the 
public schools and for two years prior to taking- up 
the study of law, taught school. He read law with 
James B. Nixon, Esq., then practicing law at Atlantic 
City, but now of Camden, N. J., and was admitted 
to tlie bar in November, 1889, and has since practiced 
his profession. In 1894, he, together with Burrows 
C. Godfrey, Esq.. now .deceased, formed the law firm 
of Godfrey & Godfrey, which firm continued until 
1914, when he associated himself with H. Starr Gid- 
dings, Esq., and Raymond P. Read, Esq., under the 
firm name of Godfrej-, Giddings & Read. 

Mr. Godfrey has taken a very active interest in 
the development of the public schools and was a 
member, of the Board of Education of Atlantic City 
for twelve years. He was Tax Collector of Atlantic 
City from 1893 to 1897, and in March, 1898, he was 
elected City Solicitor, which position he held for five 
terms. During his occupancy of this ofl^ce, he pre- 
pared much important legislation, including the act 
known as the new City Charter which was adopted 
by the voters of Atlantic City in 1902. He also pre- 
pared the necessary legislation and had special charge 
of the work of obtaining for Atlantic City title to 
almost all of the five miles of ocean front for park 
purposes. 

Mr. Godfrey has been president of the Guarantee 
Trust Company of Atlantic City since its organization 
in 1900. He was president of the New Jersey Bankers' 
Association in 1906 and 1907. He has also been presi- 
dent of the West Jersey Title and Guaranty Company 
since 1900. He has for many years been very actively 
interested in building and loan association work and 



BIOGRAPHIES. 317 

he is one of the very few men in New Jersey who 
have served as secretary of a local building and loan 
association continuously for a period of more than 
twenty-five years. 

Mr. Godfrey has been earnestly interested in every 
movement having- for its object the up-building of At- 
lantic City. The splendid system of good roads which 
is now being completed in and near Atlantic City is 
a monument to his energy. 

He was a member of the House of Assembly in 1912, 
1914 and 1915, and in the latter year served the 
House as Speaker. 

He was elected to another term of office in 1915 by 
a plurality of 5,625 over Greis the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. 

BERTRAM EDWARD WHITMAN. 
(Rep., Pleasantville.) 

Mr. Whitman was born at Easton, Maryland, Feb- 
ruary 8th, 1880, and is an editor and publisher. This 
is the first office for which he has been a candidate 
before the people, although h^ held several minor 
appointive offices in Maryland, chief of which was 
supervisor of elections in Talbot county, in 1909. He 
is editor and publisher of the Pleasantville Press and 
his business record for so young a man is very ex- 
tensive. He became the editor of a paper when only 
sixteen years of age, while in his native town, Easton, 
Maryland, and was heralded through the country as 
the youngest editor in the United States. He is now 
a director of the Pleasantville Trust Company, also 
of the Workingmen's Building and Loan Association 
of Pleasantville, vice-president of the South Jersey 
Securities Corporation, and interested in several other 
financial organizations. 

Fraternally, he is a Master Mason and a member 
of the Odd Fellow^s, Junior Order United American 
Mechanics and is supervising deputy of Councils of 
the Royal Arcanum in his section of the State. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Game 
and Fish, Municipal Corporations, Railroads and 
Canals, and Public Printing. He was re-elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 5,608 over Greis the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 



318 BIOGRAPHIES. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Godfrey, 7,606; Whitman, 7,589. 
Democrats — Greis, 1,981; Kesler, 1,952. 
Socialists — Donovan, 309; Irwin, 314. 
Prohibition— Adams, 709; Comly, 680. 



Bergen County. 

JAMES TURNER ACKERMAN. 
(Rep., Ridgewood, R. F. D.) 

Mr. Ackerman was born in West Tenth street, New 
^ork City, in 1864. When he was five years old, the 
family moved to the Hawthorne section of Passaic 
county. At the age of eighteen, Mr. Ackerman went 
to New York in the dry-goods business for about 
twenty years and during that time became a student 
at tbe Metropolis Law School, from which he graduated 
with Frank H. Sommer and Lawrence O. Murray, Ex- 
Comptroller of Currency, and others who subsequently 
became active in public life in New Jersey. Mr. 
Ackerman M'as admitted to the bar in New York in 
1893, becoming an attorney in New Jersey in 1909, and 
a Master in Chancery in 1912. Upon the death of his 
uncle, former Assemblyman Peter Ackerm,an, who 
servedi in the Legislature of 1887, James T. Ackerman 
moved into the Peter Ackerman homestead on Para- 
mus road, near Ridgewood, and he resides there n'ow. 
lie has offices in New York and Jersey City. Mr. 
Ackerman's Dvitch ancestors emigrated from Holland 
in the seventeenth century and- settled in New Jersey. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
1,674 over F. O. Mittag, Jr., the highest Democrat. 

HERBERT MARSTON BAILEY. 
(Rep., Hackensack.) 

Mr. Bailey was born at Brooklyn, N. Y., June 17th, 
1867, and is engaged in the trucking and forwarding 
business. He was appointed trustee of the State 
Home for Girls by Governor Wilson and served from 
March, 1912 to 1914, He was a delegate from the 
Sixth Congressional District of New Jersey to the 
Republican National Convention held in Chicago in 
June, 1912. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 319 

Mr. Bailey was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 1,146 over Frank O. Mittag, Jr., the highest Demo- 
crat. 

WALTER G. WINNE. 
(Rep., Hasbrouck Heights.) 

Mr, Winne was born in Brooklyn, N, Y., February 
18th, 1889, and is a counselor-at-law. He was grad- 
uated at Rutgers College in'1910, Litt.B., and the New 
York Law School in 1912, LL.B. He was elected to 
the House of Assembly in 1915 by a plurality of 1,128 
over Frank O. Mittag, Jr., the highest Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Ackerman, 12,204; Winne, 11,658; 
Bailey, 11,676. 

Democrats — Curtis, 10,308; Mittag, Jr., 10,530; Tier- 
ney, 9,951. 

Progressives — Broome, 771; Wentworth, 781; W^eb- 
ster, 736. 

Prohibitionists — Ackerman, 65S; W^ard, 543; Blau- 
velt, 582. 

Socialists — De Yoe, 1,209; West, 1,071; Clatchie, 984. 



Burlington County. 

EMMOR ROBERTS. 
(Rep., Moorestown, R. D.) 

Mr. Roberts was born at Moorestown, Burlington 
county, N. J., March 13th, 1890, and is a farmer. He 
is a graduate of Swarthmore College, 1911, and took 
a Cornell Short Course in 1912. He owns a large 
fruit farm, successfully manages three other farms 
and is very scientific and progressive. He is a di- 
rector of the County Board of Agriculture, a member 
of the National Committee of Seed Inspection and 
Certification, and spends winters in lecturing. Mr. 
Roberts is also a member of the Delaware Farmers' 
Institute lecturing staff — 1913, of the New Jersey lec- 
turing staff — 1914-15, and lectures considerably in 
eastern Agricultural Colleges. He is very much in- 
terested in all lines of work that he believes promotes 
the welfare of the people. He was never active in 



220 BIOGRAPHIES. 

politics before his election to the Assembly. He is 
the second young-est member. He had a plurality of 
2,960 over C. Craig- Tallman, Democrat. 

1915 — Roberts, Rep., 8,054; Tallman, Dem., 5,094; 
Gibbs, Pro., 300. 



Camden County. 

JOHN B. KATES. 
(Rep., Collingswood.) 

Mr. Kates was born in Camden, New Jersey, No- 
vember 16th, 1875, is a member of the bar, having 
been admitted to practice at the June Term, 1898, 
and is associated with Albert E. Burling, under the 
firm name of Kates & Burling, with offices in Camden. 

He has had considerable legislative experience, 
having served as clerk to the Judiciary Committee of 
the House of Assembly, at the 1912 session, under 
the leadership of the Hon. George W. Whyte and 
was a ,member of the House at the 1913, 1914 and 
1915 sessions. During the illness of the minority 
leader, Hon. Emerson L. Richards, in 1913, Mr. Kates 
occupied that position, covering a period of over five 
weeks. 

He is solicitor and director of a number of the build- 
ing- and loan associations of his county and one of 
the organizers and directors of the Broadway Trust 
Company of Camden, and also a director of the Col- 
lingswood National Bank. 

In addition to his law practice he is engaged in 
several building operations in Camden and Collings- 
wood, trading under the corporate title of the John 
B. Kates Co. 

In 1915 he was given a fourth term in the Assembly 
by a plurality of 9,653 over Taylor, the higrhest 
Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Miscellaneous Business and as a member of the 
Committees on Rules, Banks and Banking, Education, 
Bill Revision and Passed Bills. 

Mr. Kates was chosen majority leader for the ses- 
sion of 1916. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 321 

GARFIELD PANCOAST. 
(Rep., Audubon.) 

Mr. Pancoast was born at Vineland, N. J., December 
6th, 1880. He is engaged in the practice of law, being 
associated with the law firm of Wilson & Carr at 
Camden, N. J. He was graduated from the Vineland 
High School with the class of 1900, and was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in June, 1907, and as a 
counselor in June, 1910. Heretofore he has never held 
public ofl^ce, but between 1902 and 1905 he served as 
clerk to the Committee on Printed Bills, for two 'ses- 
sions was Assistant Journal Clerk, and one session 
Assistant Supervisor of Bills of the House of Assemblj-. 
He is a member of Camden Lodge, No. 293, B. P. O. 
Elks, and Wyoming Tribe, No. 55, Improved Order of 
Red Men and the Haddon Country Club. He was re- 
elected to the Assembly in 1914 by a plurality of 
8,713 over Wescott, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket, and in 1915 was given a third term 
by a plurality of 7,192 over Taylor, Democrat. Last 
year he served as chairman of the Committees on 
Boroughs and Borough Commissions and Elections 
and as a member of the Committees on Militia, Re- 
vision of Laws, Home for Feeble-Minded Children 
and Public Grounds and Buildings. 

CHARLES ANDERSON WOLVERTON. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Wolverton was born in Camden, N. J., October 
24th, 1880, and is a lawyer. He attended the public 
schools of Camden, graduating from Camden Manual 
Training and High School, June 24th 1897; studied 
law in the office of Thomas E. French, Esquire, 
Camden, and at the University of Pennsylvania Law 
School, graduating from the same June 13th, 1900, 
with degree of LL.B. ; was admitted to the bar as 
attorney November Term, 1901, and as counsellor, Feb- 
ruary Term, 1907. He is associated in the practice 
of law with Joseph Kaighn of Moorestown, N. J., 
under the firm name of Kaighn & Wolverton, with 
ofl^ces at Camden. Mr. Wolverton in 1903 revised and 
compiled the ordinances of the city of Camden; 1904 
to 1906 was assistant city solicitor of Camden; 1906 
to 1913 was assistant prosecutor of Camden county 

21 



322 BIOGRAPHIES. 

under Henry S. Scovel (Republican), and his successor, 
Hon. William T. Boyle (Democrat); and from 1913 to 
1914 was special assistant prosecutor of Atlantic 
county, acting under former Attorney-General Edmund 
Wilson and Prosecutor Cliarles S. Moore, by assign- 
ment of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Kalisch, for 
the trial of certain Elisor Grand Jury indictments. 

He is Past Master, Ionic Lodge, No. 94, F. & A. M. ; 
also member of Excelsior Consistory, 32d Degree, An- 
cient Accepted Scottish Rite; Siloam Chapter, No. 19, 
R. 4. M. ; Cyrene Commandery, No, 7, Knights Temp- 
lar; Van Hook Council, No. 8, R. & S. M.; Lu Lu 
Temple, Mystic Shrine, Phila., Pa.; Camden Forest, 
No. 5, Tall Cedars of Lebanon, and of the Board of 
Directors of Central T. M. C. A., Camden. 

Mr. Wolverton was re-elected to the Assembly by 
a plurality of 9,430 over Taylor, Democrat. 

Last 3^ear he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Insurance and as a member of the Committees on 
Railroads and Canals, Commerce and Navigation, 
Social Welfare, Treasurer's Accounts and Public 
Printing. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Kates, 17,235; Pancoast, 14,774; Wol- 
verton, 17,012. 

Democrats — McNutt, 4,687; Taylor, 7,582; Tischner, 
5,100. 

Socialists — Ashman, 1,574; Krusen, 1,455; Cook, 
1,585. 

Prohibitionists — Day, 815; Lane, 952; Haven, 669. 



Cape May County. 

MARK LAKE. 
(Rep., Ocean City.) 

Mr. Lake was born at Bargaintown, N. J., August 
13th, 1863, and is an undertaker. He was formerly 
a house painter and contractor. He received a common 
school education. In April, 1880-, he came to Peck's 
Beach, Cape May county, to lay out Ocean City, which 
at that time was a wilderness and ever since he has 
been a resident of that place. He served four years 
in city council, 1898 to 1902, was president of that 



BIOGRAPHIES. 323 

body one year and also acting mayor. He was elected 
coroner of Cape May county in 1908 and again, in 1913. 

Mr. Lake was elected to the House of Assembly in 
1915 by a plurality of 1,270 over Taylor, Democrat. 

1915 — Lake, Rep., 2,531; Taylor, Dem., 1,261; Hand, 
Pro., 191. 

Cumberland County. 

RAYMOND SHEPPARD. 
(Rep., Haleyville.) 

Mr. Sheppard was born in Haleyville, Cumberland 
county, June 22d, 1875, and is a grandson of the late 
Captain Allen Sheppard, He received his education in 
the public schools of his native village. A short time 
after leaving school he started farming on the modern 
system, and at the present time is successful. He is a 
member of the Board of Education of Commercial 
township. He is an enthusiastic worker in a number 
of fraternal and social orders, having been a presiding 
officer for one or more terms of Neptune, No. 75, F. 
and A. M., Mauricetown; Richmond Chapter, No. 20, 
R. A. M., of Millville, and Olivet Commandery, No. 10, 
K. T., of Millville. He is a member of Crescent Temple, 
Mystic Shrine, O. A. O. N. M. S., of Trenton, N. J,; 
P. G. T. C, of Bridgeton Forest, No. 7, and of Supreme 
Tall Cedars of Lebanon. He is past grand of Aerial 
Lodge, No. 56, of Mauricetown I. O. O. F., having 
served two terms as district deputy of this order, with 
credit to himself and an advantage to the lodges. He 
was re-elected to the Assembly for a third term by a 
plurality of 1,558 over Jorden, Democrat. Last year 
Mr. Sheppard served as chairman of the Committee on 
Agriculture and as a member of the Committees on 
Game and Fish, Railroads and Canals, Claims and Pen- 
sions, Home for Girls and Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women. 

1915 — Sheppard, Rep., 4,137; Jorden, Dem., 2,579; 
Johnson, Pro., 607. 



324 BIOGRAPHIES. 



Essex County. 

E. MORGAN BARRADALE. 
(Rep., South Orange.) 

Mr, Barradale was born at Orange, N. J., June 27th, 
1885, and is a lawyer, his offices being at 786 Broad 
street, Newark, and South Orange, N. J. He is a son 
of William D. and Alice F. (Shipman) Barradale. He 
attended the public schools of Orange and South Or- 
ange, was graduated at Yale College, B.A., 1907; at- 
tended New York and New Jersey Law Schools, and 
was graduated from the latter institution, L.B., 1910. 
He was instructor in the New Jersey Law School, 1911- 
12, and was admitted as an attorney June, 1910, and 
counselor three years later. He is a member of Cen- 
tury Lodge, No. 100, F. & A. M. He "was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 10,953 over Foley, 
the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket and 
in 1915 he was given a third term by a plurality of 
13,411 over Fischer who led the Democratic poll. 

Last year Mr. Barradale served as chairman of the 
Committees on Railroads and Canals, Sinking Fund 
and State Library, and, as a member of the Committees 
on Revision of Laws, Public Health and Federal Re- 
lations. 

W. CLIVE CROSBY. 
(Rep., East Orange.) 

Mr. Crosby was born at Darien, Ga., April 8th, 1871, 
and is engaged in general merchandise warehousing. 
He never before held public office. He has lived in 
New Jersey for the last eleven years, and previously 
was a resident of New York State twelve years. He 
has been engaged in the city of New York in the ware- 
housing business for twenty-three years. He is a real 
estate owner in New Jersey. He is a thirty-third de- 
gree Mason and a member of Brooklyn Masonic bodies. 
Mr. Crosby is president of the Municipal Art League of 
East Orange, chairman of the Joint Legislative Com- 
mittee of New Jersey Automobile Trade Dealers As- 
sociation, New Jersey Automobile and Motor Club and 
Associated Automobile Clubs of New Jersey. 

In 1914 he was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 10,907 over Foley, the highest candidate 



BIOGRAPHIES. 325 

on the Democratic ticket, and in 1915 was elected to 
a third term by a plurality of 13,576 over Fischer, 
the hig-hest Democratic candidate. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Education and Home for Boys and as a member 
of the Committees on Corporations, Municipal Cor- 
porations, Rules and Social Welfare. 

WILLIAM P. BERRY. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr, Berry was born in Newark, N. J., August 10th, 
1890, and is the youngest member of this Legislature, 
as he was of the 1915 session. He is secretary of 
the firm of John J. Berry & Bros., Inc., conducting a 
general real estate and insurance business. Mr. Berry 
was educated in St. James School, Newark, and Ford- 
ham University. He is a member of many social and 
fraternal organizations, and in 1914 was elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 11,260 over Foley, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. He was 
the second highest man on his Assembly ticket in 
1914 and the highest in 1915. He was re-elected by 
a plurality of 14,560 over Fischer, the leading Demo- 
cratic candidate. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases and as a 
member of the Committees on Insurance, Unfinished 
Business, Ways and Means, Village for Epileptics and 
Federal Relations, 

CHARLES CLARKE PILGRIM. 
(Rep., Newark,) 

Mr. Pilgrim was born at Bridgeton, N, J., September 
6th, 1874, and is a lawyer. He received his education 
in the public schools of Bridgeton, N. J., and Pen- 
nington Seminary. He studied law in the office of 
Joseph Coult and James E. Howell (now Vice-Chan- 
cellor), was admitted as attorney November term, 1898; 
as counselor November term, 1901, and January 2d, 1899, 
started practice of law in Newark, where he has 
continued it ever since. 

He is a member of General Henry W, Lawton 
Council, Jr, O. U, A, M., No. 284; Kane Lodge, No. 
55, F. & A, M.; Radiant Star Lodge, No. 190, I. O. 
O, F„ and Woodside Council, No. 1358, Royal Arcanum, 



326 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He was a member of the Assembly of 1915 when he 
served as chairman of the Committee on Taxation 
and as a member of the Committee on Judiciary, also 
of the Special Committee on the operation of the 
Society for Cruelty to Animals. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 13,528 over Fischer, 
the highest Democrat. 

Mr. Pilgrim was elected Speaker for the session of 
1916. 

EUGENE TUTTLE SCUDDER 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Scudder was born at East Orange, N. J., August 
1st, 1889, and is in the automobile business in Broad- 
way, New York City, being the junior member of the 
firm of Cook & Macconnell. His education was ob- 
tained under private tuition until he was prepared 
at Dwights' for Columbia College. He is a member 
of the Order of Free and Accepted Masons, and resides 
with his parents, Benjamin Norton and Belle Tuttle 
Scudder, at 27 East Park street, Newark, N. J. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 13,180' over Fischer, the highest Democratic candi- 
date. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Commerce and Navigation and as member of the 
Committees on Elections and Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women. 

HARRY D. JOHNSON. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Johnson was born in Newark, N. J., April 22d, 
1866, and is a steamfitter by trade. He received his 
education in the public schools of Newark and had 
a course through business college. He is a member 
of Essex Council, No. 161, Jr. O. U. A. M., Newark 
Lodge of Elks, No. 21, and Newark Aerie, No. 44, 
F. O. of E. Mr, Johnson has always been a Republi- 
can and a worker for his party. Heretofore he has 
held no public office. He was re-elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 13,638 over Fischer, the 
highest Democratic candidate. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Printed Bills and as a member of the Committees 
on Towns and Townships, State Library and Bill Re- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 327 

vision, and chairman of the special Committee on 

the operation of the Society for the Prevention of 

Cruelty to Animals, and as a member of the special 
Committee on the Fishing- Industry. 

GEORGE M. TITUS. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Titus was born at Hackettstown, N. J., and is 
a lawyer. He was educated in the public schools and 
C. C. I. at Hackettstown; studied law with A. Q. 
Keasby & Sons at Newark; admitted as an attorney 
in June, 1880'; as counselor February, 1899, and always 
practiced in Newark. He was under sheriff of Essex 
county, 1890-'93; member of the common council of 
the city of Newark, 1898, '99, and leader of the ma- 
jority in council in the latter year. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 12,896 over Fischer, 
the highest Democratic candidate. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Revision 
of Laws, Riparian Rights and School for Deaf Mutes. 

EDWARD SCHOEN. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Schoen was born in New York City May 23d, 
1881, and is a lawyer. He is the son of Leopold C. and 
Hanna Schoen, residents of Newark; is married and 
has one son, Ivan Lewis Schoen. He was graduated 
from the Newark Public Schools; holds degree of 
LL.B. from New York Law School, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated in 1903; was admitted to 
the bar of New Jersey in November, 1902, the high 
man of those admitted at that term, and as a counselor 
in 1905; has practiced law in Newark since admission 
to the bar; practice largely trial work, Mr. Schoen 
was a member and vice-president of the Board of 
Education of the city of Newark two years. He was 
re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 13,458 
over Fischer, the highest Democratic candidate. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Home for Girls and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Towns and Townships, Miscellaneous 
Business and State Prison; also as chairman of the 
Committee on the Fishing Industry. 



328 BIOGRAPHIES. 

SEYMOUR PARKER GILBERT. 
(Rep., Bloomfield.) 

Mr. Gilbert was born at Bloomfield, N. J., September 
14th, 1864, and is in the real estate business. He 
was educated in the public schools of his native 
town and graduated from New York Law School in 
1906. He was elected four times a member of the 
Town Committee of Bloomfield, 1890-'97, and was 
chairman, 1891-'92; was a member of the Board of 
Assessors four years, 1900-'04; elected a member of 
the small Board of Freeholders in 1911 for two 
years, and on the expiration of his term as Health 
Commissioner in January, 1915, had served twenty- 
five years on that Board, having been health officer 
about ten years,* from April, 1897, to August, 1906. 
He is also a member of the Board of Trade and 
chairman of its Legislative Cominittee for some 
years; is president of the East Side Improvement 
Association of Bloomfield, the Essex H. and L. Com- 
pany, No. 1, and for ten years of the Exempt Fire- 
men's Association of Bloomfield. Mr. Gilbert was 
re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 13,629 
over Fischer, the highest Democratic candidate. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Public Grounds and Buildings and as a member 
of the Committees on Highways, Bill Revision, Pub- 
lic Health and Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases. 

MARCUS W. DE CAMP. 
(Rep., Roseland.) 

Mr. De Camp was born in Roseland, Essex county, 
N. J., February 18th, 1870; is in the automobile 
and bus line business and salesman for the Garford 
Motor Company. He traces his ancestry back to the 
Revolutionary War, and is the son of Wilbur W. De 
Camp, First Sergeant of Company D, Twenty-Sixth 
Regiment, N. J., volunteers in the late Civil War, 
He was a member of the Board of Education from 
1898 to 1912, president of that body from 1906 to 1908, 
and secretary 1908 to 1912; also a member of the Essex 
County Republican Committee 1908 to 1914, and of 
the Western Essex Republican Association, and ever 
since its inception; he is a member of Roseland 
Grange, No. 108, P. of H. since 1889, of which he 



BIOGRAPHIES. 329 

was master for five years; belongs to other social 
and fraternal organizations, and is a life long Repub- 
lican and worker for his party. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 13,403 over Fischer, 
the highest Democratic candidate. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Soldiers' Home and as a member of the Committees 
on Boroughs and Borough Commissions and Claims 
and Pensions. 

HERBERT J. BUEHLER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Buehler was born in Newark, N. J., November 
18th, 1884, and has resided there all his life. He is 
in the manufacturing business, being a partner of 
the firm of Buehler Bros., manufacturers of chocolate 
pudding and jelly powder, which is located in Newark, 
N. J. He received his education in the public schools 
of Newark, and the New Jersey Business College, 
He is a member of Pythagoras Lodge No. 118, F. & 
A. M., and Henry Clay Council, Jr. O. U. A. M. No. 95. 
This is the first time he has held public office. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
13,703 over Fischer, the highest candidate on tlie 
Democratic ticket. 

PAUL R. SILBERMAN. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Silberman was born in Bucharest, Rumania, 
June 30tli, 1882. He received his education in a uni- 
versity of his native land and came to this country 
at the age of eighteen years, establishing his residence 
in Newark. He is the organizer and president of 
the East Side Coal Co. of Newark, N. J. Mr. Silber- 
man is a junior student at the New Jersey Law School 
and has always been actively interested in civic wel- 
fare. He is a recognized leader amongst his local 
Rumanian countrymen. In 1910 lie was tlie regular 
Republican nominee for freeholder from the third 
ward, and notwithstanding the fact tliat that year 
was marked by a monumental Democratic landslide, 
he failed to be elected by only a small majority. Mr. 
Silberman has been elected for the tenth consecutive 
time to represent the eighth district, of the third 
ward in the Essex County Republican Committee. 



330 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He is a member of the Indian Republican Club, U. 
S. Grant Club, Norther Lodge No. 25, F. & A. M.; 
Admiral Sampson Lodge No. 152, I. O. B. A.; Union 
Lodge, O. B. A.; Denholtz Lodge, Order of King 
Solomon, First Rumanian Sick Benefit Society, Ru- 
manian Young Men's Association, Rumanian Congre- 
gation, a director of the Success Building and Loan 
Association and of the Third Ward Building and 
Loan Association, in addition to which he is also 
aflSliated with numerous other social, civic and benevo- 
lent associations. 

Mr, Silberman was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 11,983 over Fischer, the highest Demo- 
cratic candidate. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Barradale, 35;, 661; Berry, 36,810; 
Buehler, 35,953; Crosby, 35,826; DeCamp, 35,653; Gil- 
bert, 35,879; Johnson, 35,888; Pilgrim, 35,778; Schoen, 
35,708; Scudder, 35,430; Silberman, 34,233; Titus, 
35,146. 

Democrats — Caffrey, 22,109; Caruso, 21,641; Conway, 
22,002; Farley, 22,088; Fischer, 22,250; Forlenza, 
21,621; Freund, 21,807; Kenny, 21,889; McDonough, 
21,931; McFadden, 21,780; Walsh, 21,809; Welshman, 
21,261. 

Independent Citizens — Adams, 7,942; Condit, 6,893; 
Hedden, 6,843; Hoot, 6,335; Ingalls, 6,651; Ingersoll, 
6,643; Littell, 6,554; Monro, 6,329; Robinson, 6,368; 
Shaw% 6,50'9; Vanderhoff, 6,436; Yarrow, 6,295. 

Socialists — Ashton, 3,546; Burns, 3,533; Frackenpohl, 
3,464; Granath, 3,380; Katz, 3,540; Klein, 3,587; 
Kniep, 3,569; O'Leary, 3,456; Rosenkranz, 3,474; Sher- 
win, 3,426; Smith, 3,463; Strobell, 3,596. 

Progressive-Roosevelt — Bostock, 1,129; Jerolaman, 
1,191; Ketcham, 1,280; Lesnik, l,0i67; Lozier, 1,127; 
Meier, Jr., 1,092; Roberts, 1,134; Stevens, 1,083; Tay- 
lor, 1,214; Wootton, 947. 

Prohibitionists — Brant, 751; Elwood, 692; Jansky 
603; Kirkland, 664; Linney, 621; MacMillan, 676 
Robinson, 658; Roff, 612; Ryerson, 621; Shaw, 656 
Smith, 660; Tunison, 620. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 331 

Gloucester County. 

OLIVER J. WEST. 
(Rep., Bridgeport.) 

Mr. West is a native of Gloucester county and was 
born near Bridgeport, July 22d, 1881. He is the son 
of Hon. James West, a prominent farmer, and who 
was a member of the Assembly 1888-'90. His edu- 
cation was obtained in the schools of Logan township 
and in Philadelphia. He is an active Republican 
and an earnest advocate of the advancement of agri- 
culture. 

Fraternally, Mr. West is a Mason, Knight of Pythias, 
Elk, Moose, member of Tall Cedars of Lebanon and 
a Granger. 

In 1914, Mr. West was re-elected by the largest 
majority ever given in Gloucester county, being 1,930 
over Porch, Democrat. He was given a third term 
in 1915 by a plurality of 1,828 over the same Demo- 
cratic opponent. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Unfinished Business, and as a member of the Com- 
riiittees on Agriculture, Highways, Taxation, Sinking 
Fund and Home for Feeble-Minded Women. 

1915 — West, Rep., 3,878; Porch, Dem., 2,050; Under- 
wood, Pro., 1,479; Brown, Soc, 201. 



Hudson County. 

JAMES C. AGNEW. 
(Dem., West Hoboken.) 

Mr. Agnew was born in New York City, September 
10th, 1874, and is a lawyer by profession. He is an 
attorney and counsellor-at-law, both in New Jersey 
and New York, and was educated in the public schools 
of New York City and New York University. He is 
a member of many fraternal and social organizations. 

Mr. Agnew served in the House of Assembly four 
years, 1910-1913, and was again elected in 1914 and 
1915. During President Wilson's administration as 
governor of New Jersey, Mr. Agnew was one of his 
most faithful and loyal supporters. Mr. Agnew was 



332 BIOGRAPHIES. 

always a firm believer in the principle of electing 
United States Senators by the direct vote of the people, 
and at a joint session, of the Leg-islature held on 
January 23d, 1911, he cast the first vote for the 
election of James E. Martine to the United States 
Senate, and for the first time in the history of New 
Jersey, a United States Senator was elected as a 
result of the direct vote of the people. Mr. Martine 
offered himself as an aspirant for the Democratic 
nomination' for his office at a primary election held 
in November, 1910, and at this election, he received 
the hig-hest number of votes. Mr. Agnew was chair- 
man of the Committee on Municipal Corporations 
during the first year of Governor Wilson's adminis- 
tration, and it was largely due to his untiring zeal 
and energy that the Geran Election act, the Corrupt 
Practice act, the act creating a Board of Public 
Utility Commissioners, the Commission Government 
act, and the Employers' Liability act were adopted. 
Upon the appointment by Governor Fielder of Thomas 
F. Martin as Secretary of State to succeed the late 
David S. Crater, deceased, Mr. Agnew succeeded Mr. 
Martin as the leader of the minority during the legis- 
lative session of 1915. Mr, Agnew, at both general 
elections held in 1914 and 1915, was the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. In the latter 
year he received a plurality of 20,302 over George 
W. Ritter, the highest Republican candidate. 

TIMOTHY FRANCIS AARON. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Aaron was born in London, England, in -1855, 
and follows the business of a letterer and designer. 
He came to New York from England when eighteen 
months old and in 1890 settled in Jersey City and still 
resides in the Greenville section. He was graduated 
from a public school in New York City, also from the 
Christian Brothers Transfiguration R. C. School. He 
is Past Chief Ranger, Court Sherwood No. 151, F. of 
A. He worked in different law offices as a boy for 
three years, but being somewhat of a genius for let- 
tering, it appealed to him more than the law business, 
so he adopted it as a profession. He worked for 
C. R. R. of N. J. sixteen years as a letterer, and still 
continues the sign business. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 333 

He was elected three times as a justice of the 
peace, each term being five years. Mr, Aaron was 
elected to the Assembly in 1915 by a plurality of 
18,156 over George W. Hitter, the highest Republican 
candidate. 

GEORGE JAMES BRACKNER. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Brackner was born at Los Angeles, Cal., No- 
vember 18th, 1863, and is a professional embalmer. 
He was formerly employed at the United States 
Navy Pacific Station, When he was only fourteen 
months old his parents moved to Brooklyn, N. T., 
where he attended Public School No. 22. He worked 
as a private messenger boy during the latter part of 
1876 and the early part of 1877, for Samuel J. Tilden 
in New York City. He ran away from home in August, 
1877, and joined the United States Navy at Callas, 
Peru, served time, was honorably discharged and re- 
turned home to New Jersey. He was elected coroner 
of Hudson county, N. J., in 1887, was defeated for the 
same office in 1894, and was again elected in 1902. 
Mr. Brackner was elected a member of the Street 
and Water Board of Jersey City in 190i8 for a term 
of three years, but was defeated for re-nomination 
in 1911. He was a member of the Assembly in 1914, 
and was elected in 1915 by a plurality of 19,503 over 
George W. Ritter, the highest Republican. 

JOSEPH CARROLL. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Carroll was born at Hyde, Cheshire, England, 
May 1st, 1871, and is an insurance broker. He was 
educated in St. Paul's Parochial School and Flowery 
Field Public School, Hyde. He took a course in 
Smart's Business College, London, England. At the 
age of twelve he became a collector for the Royal 
Liver Friendly Society, Liverpool, under the super- 
vision of his father, who was the first life insurance 
agent at Hyde. He was advanced to the position of 
agent, but resigned in January, 1893. Mr, Carroll 
emigrated to Boston, Mass., in February, 1893. He 
went to Woonsocket, R. I., and accepted a position 
as agent for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Com- 



334 BIOGRAPHIES. 

pany, New York, and gradually became superintend- 
ent and organized branches from Rhode Island to 
Texas. After a service of twenty years he resigned 
and embarked in the insurance business on his own 
account in Jersey City and has met with great suc- 
cess. Mr. Carroll was a member of the Assembly in 
1914 when he served on the following important 
committees: Banks and Insurance, Homie for Feeble- 
Minded Children, State Prison and Passed Bills. 

At the primary election of 1915 he was third highest 
candidate on his ticket for the Assembly nomination, 
and at the regular election he was re-elected by a 
plurality of 18,002 over George W. Ritter, the highest 
Republican candidate. 

CHARLES F. DOLAN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Dolan was born in Ireland, September 22d, 
1879, and is in the insurance business. His parents 
emigrated to this country when he was one year 
old and settled in Jersey City, where he has since 
resided. He was educated in St. Bridget's Parochial 
School and in the night schools and correspondence 
schools, Jersey City. At the present time he is em- 
ployed by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. of New 
York. He is Deputy Grand Knight of Hope Council 
No. 483, K. of C; Past President of Division No. 6, 
A. O. H., and a member of the Wolfe Tone and Clan- 
na-Gael clubs, Jersey City. He has been prominent 
in amateur theatricals and singing societies in Hud- 
son county. 

Mr. Dolan was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 18,704 over George W. Ritter, the highest Re- 
publican. 

JOHN J. DUGAN. 
(Dem., Bayonne.) 

Mr. Dugan was born in Bayonne, March 25th, 1887, 
and is in the real estate business. He was elected 
to the House of Assembly in 1915 by a plurality of 
18,821 over George W. Ritter, the highest Republican 
candidate. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 335 

DENNIS DUNN, JR. 
(Dem., Kearny.) 

Mr. Dunn was born in Harrison, N. J., November 
7th, 1867, and is in the coal and contracting business. 
He was educated in St. Pius' School, now the Holy 
Cross Christian Brothers, and at St, Benedict's Col- 
lege, Newark, N. J. He was School Commissioner of 
the town of Harrison for two terms, 1887-'88, Street 
Commissioner of the town of Kearny one term, 1901, 
a member of the Hudson County Democratic Com- 
mittee for a number of years and is a member of 
Kearny Council, Knights of Columbus. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 18,617 over George 
W. Ritter, the highest Republican. 

CHARLES H. FELTEN. 
(Dem., West Hoboken.) 

Mr. Felten was born in New York, December 28th, 
1879, and is a Web pressman. He is standard bearer 
of Charles H. Felten Association, president of the 
Hudson Country Central Labor Union, an organizer 
of the American Federation of Labor, a member of 
Hoboken Lodge, B. P. O. E., No. 74; of Hoboken 
Lodge, F. O. E., No. 603, and of the Web Pressmen's 
Union No. 34. Mr, Felten was elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 18,558 over George W. Rit- 
ter, the highest Republican. He never before held 
public ofBce. 

THOMAS GREGORY GANNON. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Gannon was born at Jersey City, N. J., in 1879. 
He is an associate of James H. McBride Company, 
publishers and dealers in law books, New York City. 
He received a grammar school education at St. Bridg- 
et's, Jersey City; later was three years at High 
School at New York Preparatory, New York City; 
two years as a law student, and was for six years 
clerk and manager for Robinson & Co. He was a 
member of the Assembly in 1914, and in 1915 was 
elected by a plurality of 18,495 over George W. Ritter, 
the highest Republican. 



336 BIOGRAPHIES. 

HARRY KUHLKE. 
(Dem., West New York.) 

Mr. Kuhlke was box'n in New York Citj-, January 
3d, 1866, and is in the real estate business as auction- 
eer. He entered the college of the city of New York, 
but shortly afterwards resigned to take employment 
with the banking- house of Kidder, Peabody «& Co., of 
New York and Boston, where he remained for over 
twelve years, and left to take up the position of 
traveling salesman, which he was compelled to re- 
linquish when he was elected in 1912 to the Assembly. 
He is a member of Ancient Lodge No. 724, F. & 
A. M., of New York City. He was a member of the 
Assembly in 1913-'14, and was again elected in 1915 
by a plurality of 17,592 over George W. Ritter, the 
highest Republican. 

ALLAN WILLIAM MOORE. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Moore was born in Chicago, 111., August 24th, 
1888, and is a lawyer. In 1900 he was graduated from 
No. 2 School in Hoboken; went to the Hoboken 
High School for three years, 1900-1903, and then at- 
tended St. Francis Xaviers College in New York. Upon 
completing the preparatory school course there he en- 
gaged in the real estate business with Charles R. 
Faruolo. at No. 45 E. Houston street. New /ork, in 
1905. He remained there about four years and during 
the last two years studied law at Pordham La^' School, 
finishing in 1909. He took a post-graduate course at 
the New Jersey Law School, finishing and graduating 
in 1910. He studied law with Ex-Senator Wm. D. 
Edwards in Jersey City, and was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney in 1911. and as a counselor-at-law 
in June, 1914, when he was appointed a Master in Chan- 
cery. He has law offices at No. 1 Exchange Place, Jer- 
sey City. He was counsel to the Hoboken Board of 
Health from June, 1912, to June, 1914; president of 
the Hoboken Democratic Club for three years from 
1908 to 1911. He never ran for office before. Has 
lived in the fifth ward, Hoboken. twenty-five yeai-s. 

Mr. Moore was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 18,681 over George W. Ritter. the highest 
Republican. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 337 

ALEXANDER SIMPSON. 
(Dem., Jersey Citj-.) 

Mr. Simpson was born in Jersey City, June 12th, 
1869, and is a lawyer. He was formerlj- a newspaper 
man. He was a member of the Assembly in 1898 
from Hudson county. In 1915 he was again elected 
by a plurality of 18,490 over George W. Ritter, the 
highest Republican. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats — Aaron, 37,749; Agnew, 39.895; Brack- 
ner. 39,096; Carroll, 37,595; Dolan, 38,297; Dugan, 
38,414; Dunn, Jr., 38,210; Felten, 38,151; Gannon, 
38,088; Kuhlke, 37,185; Moore, 38,274; Simpson, 38,083. 

Republicans — Anderson, 15,896; Bauridel, 19,139; 
Brennan, 19,154; Clerihen, 16,522; Feehan, 16,109; 
Febling, 16,156; Murphy, 16,537; Prior, 16,421; Rfit- 
ter, 19,593; Smith, Jr., 16,533; Teeling, 16,869; Wil- 
liams, 18,409. 

Prohibitionists— Adams, 1,249; Byl, 3,033; Dilts, 
957; Emery, 3,030; Jones, 1,060; Knox, 1,055; Lincks, 
3,078; Meade, 3,143; Merikle, 778; Smith, 885; R. 
Smith, 793; Taylor, 958. 

Socialists — Bauer, 3,457; Greiner, 3.106; Hinsch, 3,084; 
Kiehn, 3,113; McKenney, 2,991; Mizrakjian, 2,859; 
Niebuler, 3,056; Petzolt, 2,938; Pitcher, 2,901; Ring, 
3,025; Schmidt, 3,114; T\''eiershauser, 2,855. 

Progressives — Bland, 1,967; Bogart, 2,113; Freiensh- 
ner, 1,885; Houston, 1,985; Jones, 2,162; Klussmann, 
4,514; Lindaberry, 2,041; Palmer, 2,119; Riall, 3,893; 
Ruby, 4,377; Stengel, 1,811; Vosburgh, 1,894. 



Hunterdon Cotinty. 

REV. HARRY J. lOBST. 
(Dem., Cokesbury.) 

Mr. loljst was born at Emaus, Pa., August 11th, 
1877, and is a minister of the Gospel, Methodist Epis- 
copal. He spent twelve years on the Reading Rail- 
way as messenger boy. telegraph operator, ticket 
agent and train dispatcher. While engaged in railroad 
work he was staff correspondent on Reading, Penna., 
"Daily Eagle" for nine years. During this period he 

22 



338 BIOGRAPHIES. 

also studied law and theology. Later he graduated 
from the Drew Theological Seminary, after studying 
with Taylor University. From his youth he has taken 
part in public affairs. He has always interested him- 
self in the spiritual, mental, physical and civic wel- 
fare of his country. Although having a large parish 
in tlie Metliodist Episcopal Cliurch, belonging to the 
Newark Conference, he takes time to interest himself 
in the affairs of his country. He is well known and 
has hosts of friends who admire him for his religious 
as well as political convictions. He is a son of a 
veteran. His father, John Z. lobst, was leader of 
the 104th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers in the 
Civil War. His brother served five years in the Philip- 
pine Islands. Mrs. lobst is a daughter of Rev. H. U. 
Sebring of Philadelphia Conference. He has one 
daoighter, Josephine. 

In 1914, Mr. lobst received a majority of 1,555 as 
Assemblyman from Hunterdon on the Democratic 
ticket, and in 1915 he was re-elected by a plurality 
of 1,671 over Dilley, Republican, Last year he served 
on the Committees on Agriculture, Social Welfare, 
State Library and Sanatorium for Tuberculous Dis- 



1915— lobst, Dem., 4,328; Dilley, Rep., 2,657; Mc- 
Ewen, Pro., 150. 



Mercer County. 

JAMES HAMMOND. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Hammond was born at Trenton, N. J., August 
21st, 1882, and is a lawyer. He attended the Trenton 
High School, New York Law School, and was admitted 
to the New Jersey Bar in 1909. He is a member of the 
Sons of St. George, Knights of Pythias, Royal Arca- 
num, Modern Woodmen, American Mechanics and Pa- 
triotic Order Sons of America. This is his third 
term as a member of the Assembly. In 1915 he re- 
ceived a plurality of 721 over Rudolph L. Marshall, 
Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Corporations and as a member of the Committees 
on Incidental Expenses, Judiciary, Stationery and 
Sinking Fund, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 339 

A. DAYTON OLIPHANT. 
(Rep,, Trenton.) 

Mr. Oliphant was born in Trenton, October 28th, 
1887, and is a lawyer. He is a son of Henry D. Oliphant, 
for many years clerk of the United States Circuit 
Court, and a g-randnepliew of William L. Dayton, 
the first Republican candidate for vice-president of 
the United States. He studied law with Samuel D. 
Oliphant, and after attending Princeton University 
and the Law School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania -was admitted to the bar in November, 1911. 
Mr. Oliphant is a member of Phi Delta Theta Frater- 
nity, and for three years has been treasurer of the 
Mercer County Bar Association. From 1913 to '16 he 
served as secretary of the Mercer County Republican 
and Executive Committees. He is solicitor of Pen- 
ninig-ton borou&h, and a member of the Masonic Fra.- 
ternity and Patriotic Order Sons of America. He was 
re-elected to the Assemibly by a plurality of 1,782 over 
Rudolph L. Marshall, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Militia and as a member of the Committees on 
Appropriations, Commerce and Navigation, Clergy, 
Public Grounds and Buildings and Village for Epi- 
leptics; also on the special Committee on Civil Ser- 
vice Investigation. 

JOSIAH T. ALLINSON. 
(Rep., Yardville.) 

Mr. Aliinson was born at Yardville, N. J., April 
19th, 1858, and is a farmer and lives on a two-hundred 
acre farm in Hamilton township, Mercer county. He 
was educated at a private school at Crosswicks, a 
Friends' Boarding School at Westtown, Pa., and the 
State Model School, Trenton. He also attended the 
Bryant & Stratton's Business College in Pliiladelphia. 
He took a course in sanitary engineering and mechani- 
cal drawing at Franklin Institute. 

After serving as Commissioner of Appeals, Mr. Al- 
iinson was elected assessor of Hamilton township. 
Not only did he make many friends while in the latter 
office, but raised the ratables over $1,000,000. For 
more than fifteen years Mr. Aliinson has been in- 
terested in grange work and served as secretary six 



340 BIOGRAPHIES. 

years and master one year of Hamilton grange. For 
six years he was secretary of Mercer County Pomona 
Grange. 

He was president of the Mercer County Board of 
Agriculture seven years and was the moving spirit 
in the establishment of the Mercer County Farm 
Bureau and was its first president. He is serving 
his third year on the board of managers of the New 
Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station at New Bruns- 
wick and is a member of a committee of five to 
purchase land in South Jersey for the establishment 
of a sub-experiment farm for which the State has 
appropriated $25,000. In 1909 he was appointed by 
the g-overnor on a committee to report to the Legis- 
lature on the Fish and Game laws. He served three 
years on the Finance Committee of the New Jersey 
State Grange. 

.Mr. Allinson was an active member of the Young 
Republican Campaigning Club and is a member of 
the present Republican Club, also a member of Fra- 
ternal Lodge No. 139, F. & A. M.; Trenton Forest, 
Tall Cedars of Lebanon, and a charter member of 
Rutland, Vt., Lodge No. 345, B. P. O. E. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
1,787 over Rudolph L. Marshall, Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Allinson, 11,149; Oliphant, 11,144; 
Hammond, 10,083. 

Democrats — Marshall, 9.362; jcard, Jr., 6,28.1; Vanw 
derbilt, 5,208. 

Socialists — Buck, 681; Spair, 1,209; Kuhn, 649. 



Middlesex County. 

ELDON LEON LOBLEIN. 
(Dem., New Brunswick.) 

Doctor Loblein was born in New Brunswick, N, J., 
January 13th, 1888, and is a doctor of veterinary 
medicine and surgery. He has lectured on veterinary 
science at Rutgers College and Short Course Agri- 
cultural College for the past four years; is secretary 
of the Veterinary Medical Association of New Jersey, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 341 

which position he has held since 1912, and received 
the degree of V.M.D. at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania after attending Rutgers College for two years. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 426 over George S. Applegate, the highest Repub- 
lican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Riparian 
Rights, New Jersey Reformatory and Village for Epi- 
leptics, 

CHARLES ANDERSON. 
(Dem., South River.) 

Mr. Anderson was born at Hightstown, N. J., October 
6th, 1869, and is in the real estate and insurance 
business. In 1875 his father removed to Spotswood 
and four years later to South River. While the son 
was attending public schools he engaged in business 
with his father which was continued for some time. 
When only twenty-one, young Mr. Anderson became a 
commissioner, also treasurer of the town of Washing- 
ton, by which name South River was then known. In 
1898 the borough of South River was incorporated 
when he was elected borough clerk; a position he 
has held ever since under several administrations. 
He was a leader in the movement that gave the new 
borough municipal lighting, water and sewerage. He 
has been a member of the Board of Education and 
clerk of that body since 1896. Mr. Anderson was 
re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 506 over 
George S. Applegate, the highest Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Claims 
and Pensions, Insurance and Treasurer's Accounts. 

RICHARD J. GALVIN. 

(Dem., Perth Amboy.) 

Mr. Galvin was born at Elizabethport, N. J., May 
4th, 1874, and is a plumbing and heating contractor. 
He was elected an Exise Commissioner in 1900 and 
served until 1903, and to the Board of Aldermen of 
the city of Pertli Amboy and served two terms — four 
years. He was elected to the House of Assembly by 
a plurality of 93 over George S. Applegate, the high- 
est Republican. 



342 BIOGRAPHIES. 

THE TOTAL VOTE, 

Democrats — Anderson, 9,054; Galvin, 8,641; Loblein, 
8,974. 

Republicans — Appleg-ate, 8.548; Goldberger, 7,393; 
Schneider, 8,291. 

Progressives — Blow, 372; Wright, 443; Reid, 415. 

Prohibitionists — Robinson, 464; Deacon, 470'; Perry, 
494. 



Monmouth County. 

HARRY G. VAN NOTE. 
(Dem., Oakhurst.) 

•Mr. Van Note was born at Oakhurst, N. J., March 
19th, 1872, and is in the contracting, painting and 
decorating business, and also a fire insurance agent. 
He was formerly a freight and baggage agent at 
Elberon for the N. Y. & L. B. Railroad Company, 
He was educated in the Oakhurst Grammar and Long 
Branch High Schools; was assessor of taxes in Ocean 
township from January 1st, 1905, to January 1st, 1913; 
was appointed July 1st, 1914, district clerk Board of 
Education, Ocean township; was secretary to the Ocean 
township Board of Health seven years, from July 1st, 
1907, and at present is secretary of the Monmouth 
County Mosquito Extermination Commission, having 
been appointed August 1st, 1911. He served as clerk 
to the Committee on Municipal Corporations of the 
House of Assembly in 1913, and was bill clerk in 1914. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 1,764 over Thomson, Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Federal 
Relations, Ways and Means, School for Deaf Mutes 
and Sinking Fund. 

ELMER HENDRICKSON GERAN. 
(Dem., Matawan.) 

Mr. Geran was born at Matawan, N. J,, October 
24th, 1875, and is a lawyer. He vras graduated from 
GlenM-ood Military Institute at Matawan in 1892, and 
attended Peddie Institute at Hightstown from 1893 
until 1895, where he was also graduated. In the 
fall of 1895 he entered Princeton College, and was 
graduated from Princeton University in the class of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 343 

1899. He attended the New York Law School from 
1899 to 1901, and was a student in the law office 
of Collins & Corbin, Jersey City, during- that time, 
and was admitted to the bar in the latter year. He 
remained in that office until 1904 and then opened 
law offices for himself in Jersey City and at Matawan, 
and has been practicing at those places ever since. 
He was attorney for the borough of Matawan, 1908, 
1909, was a member of the Assembly in 1911, 1912, 
and was sponsor for the Geran Election law. He 
was appointed a member of the State Water-Supply 
Commiission by Governor Wilson in 1912 for a term 
of five years, and resigned that office in 1915. He 
is Assistant Prosecutor of Monmouth county. He 
was elected to the Assembly in 1915 by a plurality 
of 1,869 over Thomson, Republican. He was chosen 
minority leader for the session of 1916. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats — Geran, 9,596; Van Note, 9,491. 
Republicans — Thomson, 7,727; Reid, 7,495. 
Progressives — Knox, 402; Haveron, 229. 
Prohibitionist — Taylor, 276. 



Morris County. 

GEORGE W. DOWNS. 

(Rep., Madison.) 

Mr. Downs was born at Hackettstown, N. J., October 
14th, 1855, and is engaged in the paper board business. 
He received his education in the public schools of 
Hackettstown. He served as Councilman for the bor- 
ough of Madison from September, 1904, to May, 1910, 
when he was elected Mayor to fill the vacancy caused 
by the death of Mayor Anderson. He was again elected 
in 1911 for a two-year term, covering the years 1912- 
13. His services as Councilman and Mayor together 
cover a period of nearly ten years. It was largely 
through his efforts that the Board of Public Improve- 
ment was organized in Madison in February, 1912, and 
the Mayors Society of Morris County in February, 1913. 
He was elected president of that society. He is a 
member of Madison Lodge, No. 93, F. & A. M., the 
Madison Golf Club and Board of Public Improvement. 



344 BIOGRAPHIES. 

In 1915 he was elected to the Assembly for a third 
term by a plurality of 3,274 over Theodore S. Hill, 
Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Towns and Townships and School for Deaf Mutes 
and as a member of the Committees on Elections and 
Federal Relations. 

HARRY W. MUTCHLER. 
(Rep., Rockaway.) 

Mr. Mutchler was born at Asbury, N. J., October 8th, 
1862, and is a traveling salesman. He has resided in 
Morris county practically all his life. When a young 
man he attended the Phillipsburg High School. His 
first em.ployment was as clerk in a general store at 
New Foundland, N. J., where he stayed seven years, 
and next he became acting manager for Lawrence & 
King, at Stanhope, N. J., and subsequently was em- 
ployed by the Richards Beach Company, at Hibernia, 
for seven years a5 bookkeeper, and for the past twenty 
years has been a traveling salesman for Edward D. 
Depew & Co., wholesale grocers, of New York City. 

Mr. Mutchler is a member of Acacia Lodge, No. 20, 
F. & A. M.; Citizens Lodge, No. 144. I. O. O. F. ; 
Bethlehem Encampment, No. 50, I. O. O. F.; No. 195, 
Jr. O, U, A. M., and Rockaway Council, No. 1349, Royal 
Arcanum; and he is also a member of the Rockaway 
Fire Department and Board of Trade, and a director 
of the Rockaway First National Bank, and Rockaway 
Building and Loan Association. He was a member of 
the Borough Council ' of Rockaway and served as 
mayor two terms, 1908 to 1912. 

He was elected to the Assembly for a third term 
by a plurality of 3,335 over Theodore S. Hill, Demo- 
crat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Public Health and as a member of the Committees 
on Banks and Banking, Game and Fisli, and Village 
for Epileptjcs. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Downs, 7,043; Mutchler, 7,104. 

Democrats— Hill, 3,769; McCormack, 3,662. 

Socialists — Haglund, 379; Lindemann, 405. 

Prohibitionists— King, 626; Loree, 527. 

Progressives — Megie, 670; Moore, 697. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 345 



Ocean County. 



DAVID GROVE CONRAD. 
(Rep., Barnegat.) 

Mr. Conrad was born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 
16th, 1867, came to Barnegat in 1874, and has been 
in the lumber and mill business all his life. He was 
appointed for one year a member of the Board of 
Freeholders, 1905, and was elected as such in 1906- 
'09-'12, without any opposition. He is one of the 
directors of the Tuckerton bank and a stockholder in 
the Barnegat Water Company. Mr. Conrad is a mem- 
ber of Barnegat Lodge, No. 71, K. of P.; State Council, 
No. 202, Jr. O. U. A. M.. and of Cedar Run Lodge, L O. 
O. F. He was a candidate for the Assembly in 1911- 
and was defeated by Harry E. Newman by a plurality 
of 459. In 1912 he was elected to that office by a plu- 
rality of 424 over Haag, Democrat; in 1913 he was 
re-elected by a plurality of 357 over Moore, Democrat; 
in 1914 he was given a third term by the increased 
plurality of 819 over Conly, Democrat, and in 1915 
he was the recipient of a fourth term by a plurality 
of 380 over Clayton, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Game and Fish, and Stationery, and as a member 
of the Committees on Highways, Incidental Expenses, 
Treasurer's Accounts and State Prison. 

1915 — Conrad, Rep., 2,240; Clayton, Dem., 1,860'; 
Bunnell, Pro., 124. 



Passaic County. 

GEORGE H. DALRTMPLE. 
(Rep.. Passaic.) 

Mr. Dalrymple was born at Marshall's Corner, now 
Glenmore, Mercer county, New Jersey, August 6th, 
1861. In the year 1876 he moved to Trenton with his 
parents, where he continued to reside until 1892, when 
he left that city to take a position with the Okonite 
Insolated and Wire Company, of Passaic, N. J. Here 
he took up the study of law, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1897. 



346 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Dalrymple has served Passaic City in various ca- 
pacities. He was School Commissioner for four years, 
1899-1903; represented his county in the Assembly for 
three years, 1903-'05, and was appointed police judge 
January 17th, 1905, This office he held until January 
17th, 1910. 

Mr. Dalrymple has been most active in the charitable 
work of this city. He successfully organized Passaic's 
first playground, worked diligently until the movement 
was assured, and was a valued member and chairman 
of Passaic's Playground Commission, 1910-1913. 

He was induced to run independently in 1913, and 
won his Assembly nomination by an overwhelming 
majority, heading his ticket. His triumph was re- 
peated at the poles on election day, when he was given 
a plurality of 2,415 over Joelson, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. In 1914 he was re-elected 
by the increased plurality of 4,424 over HinchlifCe, 
the highest candidate on the Democratic-Progressive- 
Roosevelt ticket and again in 1915 by the further in- 
creased plurality of 6,60i7 over John R. Fitzgerald, 
the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. This 
is Ills sixth year of service as a member of the As- 
sembly and is marked by a fine record for ability, 
industry and alertness. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Bill Revision and Riparian Rights and as a mem- 
ber of the Committees on Taxation and Sanatorium 
for Tuberculous Diseases. 

JOHN HUNTER. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Hunter was born at Glasgow, Scotland, in July, 
1869, and is a proprietor of baths. He is well known 
as a labor leader and organizer, serving as treasurer of 
the United Broad Silk Weavers of America for a term 
of six years. He served three years as doorkeeper of 
the General Assembly, was appointed Factory Inspec- 
tor in 1898, for a term of three years by Governor 
Voorhees, and was keeper of the Passaic County Jail 
for four and one-half years under Sheriffs Sturr and 
Bergen. He is a life-long Republican, and among his 
friends are leading members of his party in Passaic 
county and throughout the State. He was elected to 
the Assembly for a third term by an increased plu- 



BIOGRAPHIES 347 

rality of 7,289 over John R. Fitzgerald, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Ways and Means, and a member of the Committees 
on Militia, Miscellaneous Business and Home for Boys. 

EDMUND B. RANDALL. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Randall was born in the city of Paterson, N. J., 
February 12th, 1883, and has always resided there. 
He is the only son of Thomas W. Randall, a well- 
known lawyer of that city. He attended school in 
Paterson until fourteen years of age, when he entered 
Mohegan Lake School, a preparatory school at Peeks- 
kill-on-the-Hudson, where he remained for three years 
and then entered Princeton University, graduating in 
1904. Immediately thereafter he entered the law of- 
fices of the firm of Grouse & Perkins, at Jersey City. 
While connected with that firm he attended the New 
York Law School, from which he graduated in 1907. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar in the June 
term of that year, and immediately began the practice 
of his profession at Paterson. In 1910 he entered into 
a law partnership with Mr. Gustav A. Hunziker, the 
firm being known as Hunziker & Randall. Mr. Ran- 
dall was a member of the Fifth Regiment N. G. of 
N. J. for a period of five years, serving as second lieu- 
tenant of Company C, and retired from service in 1911. 
Mr. Randall's political faith has always been Republi- 
can. Three years subsequent to his admission to the 
State bar he became a counselor-at-law. He is a 
Supreme Court Commissioner of N. J., and president 
of the Board of Health of the city of Paterson. He 
was president of the Princeton Alumni Association 
of Passaic county and is a member of the Board of 
Directors of the Charity Organization. He was elected 
to the Assembly for a third term by an increased 
plurality of 6,616 over John R. Fitzgerald, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

JOHN H. ADAMSON. 
(Rep., Clifton.) 

Mr. Adamson was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, De- 
cember 20th, 1851, and is a carpenter, builder and 



348 BIOGRAPHIES. 

general contractor. He came to this country over 
forty years ago and settled in Clifton where he has 
since resided. He was president of Fire Company No. 
1, of Clifton, having served six j-ears in that office, 
and was also president of tlie Fire Department of 
Acquackanonk township with a record of two years. 
For three 3-ears he has been president of the Enempt 
Firemen's Association of the same township. He is 
a member of the Legislative Committee of the State 
Firemen's Association, and also of the Commission 
of Old Age Pensions and Industrial Insurance. He 
is a member of the Trade Board of the New York 
Master Carpenters' Association to adjust labor dif- 
ficulties in the building industrj- of New York Citj', 
and also of the Building Trades Employers' Associa- 
tion. 

Mr. Adamson has always taken a great interest in 
civic affairs and has largely contributed by his efforts 
in the reduction of fire insurance rates in Acquacka- 
nonk, which were brought down from seventy-five 
cents to fifty cents per hundred dollars, and was also 
actively associated in compelling the water company 
to install meters and greatly reduce the rates to 
consumers, and looks upon legislative problems from 
the business man's viewpoint. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
4,446 over John R. Fitzgerald, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. 

JOSIAH DADLEY. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Dadley was born in Coventry, England, and 
came to this country with his parents at the age of 
five; he received his education in the public schools 
of Paterson; at the age of thirteen he went to work 
in the silk mills and' became a silk ribbon weaver. 
He studied law in \he evening class, New York Law 
School, was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney at the June term^ 1907, and as a counselor 
at the same term, 1910. He has practiced in Paterson 
since his admission. He was elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 4,339 over John R. Fitzgerald, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 349 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Randall, 16,497; Hunter, 17,170; Dal- 
rymple, 16,488; Adamson, 14,327; Dadley, 14,220. 

Democrats — Fitzgerald, 9,881; Schoen, 9,722; Mc- 
Dermott, 7,173; Hilfman, 6,989; Croal, 6,915. 

Socialists — Connolly, 2,515; Conover, 2,550; Bender, 
2,511; Derrick, 2,401; Klaving, 2,20'7. 

Prohibitionists — Ackerman, 2,212; Coombs, 1,814; 
Peters, 1,673; Wood, 1,460; Troost, 1,388. 

Social Labor — Butterworth, 333; Ernst, 307; Rauer, 
243; Rosenbluth, 317; Yannarelli, 259. 



Saleni County. 

LEMUEL HAMPDEN GREENWOOD. 
(Rep., Elmer.) 

Mr. Greenwood was born at Falrton, Cumberland 
county, N. J., August 18th, 1872, and is the son of 
Robert K. and Tempa Greenwood. He removed to 
Elmer with his parents in 1881 where he attended 
the public schools, gaining the highest honors to be 
obtained in that town, when he was sixteen years of 
age. He then entered the employ of the Elmer Times 
as an apprentice printer and pressman and remained 
with that paper until about 1891 when his father 
purchased the Lower Mill property near Elmer, and 
erected a factory there for the manufacture of cotton 
and wool spindles. He entered the employ of his 
father and has been connected with him ever since. 
He was united in marriage in 1900 to Mary M., only 
daughter of Emma V. and the late Oliver P. Hitchner. 
of Elmer. Mr, Greenwood has been C. of R. of Itah 
Tribe of Red Men for nearly eleven years, is a Past 
President of Camp No. 76, P. O. S. of A.; a member 
of Elmer Lodge No. 160, F. & A. M. ; a member of 
the Salem County Republican Executive Committee 
for the past fovirteen j^ears, has been vice-president 
and is now president of Volunteer Fire Company No. 
1; secretary of the Elmer Gunning Club; member of 
the Official Board of the Elmer M. E. Church and 
is vice-president of the local Board of Education. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality. 
of 579 over Wheatley, Democrat. 



350 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Last year Mr. Greenwood served on the Committees 
on Agriculture, Banks and Banking, Taxation, Sol- 
diers' Home and Home for Boys. 

1915 — Greenwood, Rep., 2,375; Wheatley, Dem., 1,796; 
Woolman, Pro., 107. 



Somerset County. 

OGDEN HAGGERTY HAMMOND. 
(Rep., Bernardsville.) 

Mr. Hammond was born at Louisville, Kentucky, 
October 13th, 1869, and is an insurance broker. He 
was graduated at Phillips Exeter Academy in 1889 
and at Yale University 1893. He entered business at 
Superior, Wisconsin, 1893, and was alderman of the 
sixth ward of that city for two years, l896-'98, serving 
as chairman of the Finance Committee. He was 
married in 1907 and moved to Bernardsville and has 
lived there ever since. He is chairman of the Town- 
ship Committee of Bernards township, having been 
elected a member of the committee in 1913. He was 
First Lieutenant of Company I, Third Regiment, Wis- 
consin National Guard, three j'ears, lS94-'96. He was 
defeated for the Assembly in 1913 by Azariah M. 
Beekman by 466, and was elected in 1914 by a plurality 
of 868 over Bodin, Democrat. He was re-elected to 
the Assembly in 1915 by a plurality of 1,303 over 
Swackhamer, Democrat, which is the record vote in 
the county for Asesmblyman. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Appro- 
priations, Corporations, Militia and State Library and 
as chairman of the Civil Service Investigating Com- 
mittee. 

1915 — Hammond, Rep., 3,802; Swackhamer, Dem., 
2,499; Prog., Wheeler, 118; Murphy, Pro., 84. 



Sussex County. 



EDWARD ACKERSON. 
(Dem., Lafayette.) 



Mr. Ackerson was born in Sparta township, Sussex 
county, N. J., November 14th, 1869, and is a farmer. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 351 

He has been a member of the Township Committee 
from 1911 to the present time, and also of the Board 
of Health, 1914, 1915. He was elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 162 over Philip S. Wilson, Republican. 
1915 — Ackerson, Dem., 2,398; Wilson, Rep., 2,236; 
Roe, Pro,, 154. 



Union County. 

CHARLES LINSCOTT MORGAN. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr, Morgan was born in Elizabeth, N. J., July 11th, 
1879, and is a counselor-at-law. He attended the public 
schools of his native city and was graduated from 
the Battin High School. Afterwards he read law 
with ex-Governor Foster M. Voorhees and attended 
the New York Law School. Was admitted to practice 
as an attorney in June, 1905, and as a counselor in 
June, 1909. Has practiced law in Elizabeth since 
his admission to the bar and was for some time 
associated with former Judge C. A. Swift, under the 
firm name of Swift & Morgan. Mr. Morgan is an 
expert in real estate law, which requires a wide knowl- 
edge of business affairs. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 3,767 over William A. 
Leonard, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Village for Epileptics and New Jersey Reformatory 
and member of tlie Committees on Municipal Corpo- 
rations, Miscellaneous Business and Riparian Rights. 

ARTHUR N. PIERSON. 
(Rep., Westfield.) 

Mr. Pierson was born at Westfield, N. J., June 23d, 
1867, and is in the wholesale sewer pipe and clay 
products business, with offices in New York City. 
He was educated in the public school, Pingry Academy, 
and John Leal's Academy. He is president of the 
Westfield Board of Trade and of the Westfield Town 
Plan and Art Commission. Mr. Pierson has always 
voted the Republican ticket. 

In 1914 he was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 



352 BIOGRAPHIES. 

rality of 2,696 over Dobbins, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. In 1915 he was re-elected 
by a plurality of 4,019 over William A. Leonard, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

In the Assembly last year, Mr. Pierson served on 
the Appropriation, the Insurance, the Towns and 
Townships Committees, and was chairman of the 
Social Welfare Committee. He was appointed chair- 
man of the Commission for the Survey of Municipal 
Financing. 

WILLIAM NELSON RUNYON. 
(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Mr. Runyon was born at Plainfield, N. J., March 
5th, 1871, and is a lawyer. He was prepared for 
college at the Plainfield High School; was graduated 
from Yale in 1892, and while there was a member 
of D. K. E., and "Scroll and Key" senior society; 
graduated from the New York Law School in 1894; 
admitted to the New York bar the same year; to 
the New Jersey bar as attorney 1898 and counselor 
1901. 

He was a member of the Plainfield Common Council 
for two years and city judge for twelve years; is 
a member of the Masonic fraternity, of the Elks and 
the Knights of Pythias; also a member of the Yale 
Club of New York and the Graduate Club of New 
Haven. He was leader cf the majority in the Assembly 
at the 1915 session and discharged the duties of the 
position with marked ability and uniform courtesy. 
He served as chairman of the Committees on Ju- 
diciary and Rules. Judge Runyon was re-elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 4,561 over Leonard, 
the highest Democrat, running 542 ahead of his ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Morgan, 11,607; Pierson, 11,859; Run- 
yon, 12,401. 

Dem,ocrats — Leonard, 7,840; Meek, 7,154; Reville, 
6,659. 

Socialists— Bentell, 1,649; Lloyd, 1,555; Keyes, 1,605. 

Progressives — Furber, 863; Van Dyke, 678; Knapp, 
902. 

Prohibitionists — Chandler, 237; Van Cise, 231; 
Moore, 272. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 353 



Warren County. 

ALONZO DIVERS HERRICK. 
(Dem., Hackettstown.) 

Mr. Herrick was born at Washington, New Jersey, 
on June 8th, 1873. His family, which traces back to 
Erick, the Forester of Denmark, located in Wash- 
ington in 1867. After his graduation from the public 
school he became a clerk in the Washington post 
office, entered the railway mail service and for several 
years was a mail officer in the ocean mail service. 
He retired from this service to become associated 
with his father-in-law, R. S. McCracken, in the man- 
agement of the American Hotel at Hackettstown, one 
of the oldest hostelries in the State and is now en- 
gaged in the florist and landscape gardening business, 
being a member of the firm of Herrick and Roos, 
Hackettstown. He has been active in Democratic 
politics and his election to the Legislature was his 
first candidacy for public office. Mr. Herrick belongs 
to the Masonic order, the Elks, P. O. S. of A., Knights 
of Pythias, and is an officer of St. James Episcopal 
Church. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly- by a plurality 
of 878 over Pierson, Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Game and 
Fish, Ways and Means, Public Printing and Home for 
Girls, and was appointed a member of the Commis- 
sion for the Survey of Municipal Financing. 

1915 — Herrick, Dem., 4,074; Pierson, Rep., 3,196; 
Conkling, Prog., 100; Fowler, Pro., 250; Stubblebine, 
Soc, 107. 



Summary. 

House — Republicans 40 Democrats 20 

Senate — Republicans 13 Democrats S 



28 



Republican majority on .joint ballot, 25. 
23 



354 BIOGRAPHIES. 



THE JUDICIARY. 



UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT. 

JOHN RELLSTAB, Trenton. 

Judge Rellstab, who was born in Trenton, N. J., 
September 19, 1858, is a son of John and Theresa 
(Schaidnag-el) Rellstab, the former a native of Switzer- 
land and the latter of Bavaria. He obtained his edu- 
cation in the parish school of the Trinity Evangelical 
Lutheran Church and the public schools of the city of 
Trenton. Before he was fourteen years of age he 
began to learn the pottery trade. During the latter 
part of his apprenticeship he began the study of law 
at night, having entered his name with the late Levi 
T. Hannum. In order to complete his law studies he 
left the trade of potter after becoming a journeyman 
and took a clerical position in the office of the New 
Jersey Pottery Company, later taking charge of the 
company's salesrooms in New York City and sub- 
sequently becoming salesman on the western and 
southern routes for the same firm. At a later period 
he served in the capacity of commercial traveler for 
the East Trenton pottery. Having chosen law as his 
profession, he kept steadily on with that one end in 
view and was finally admitted to the bar at the No- 
vember term, 1882, and as a counselor at the Novem- 
ber term, 1889. At one time he was a partner of the 
late Judge James Buchanan. He served in the capa- 
city of solicitor for the borough of Chambersburg from 
1884 to 1888, and for the city of Trenton from 1889 to 
1892, and from 1894 to 1896. In the last-named year 
he was made Judge of the District Court for the city 
of Trenton, serving until 1900, when he was made 
Judge of Mercer county. He was reappointed to the 
latter ofRce in 1905. In politics Judge Rellstab is a 
staunch supporter of Republican principles. In re- 
ligious faith he adheres to that of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which he is a ruling elder and teacher of 
the men's Bible class. He is one of the directors of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, the chairman 
of the Committee on Foreign Work of the same so- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 355 

ciety, the chairman of the Advisory Board of the 
Florence Crittendon Mission, and a member of the 
Board of Managers of the New Jersey Children's Home 
Society. He was appointed United States District 
Judge on May 6, 1909, and was confirmed on May 18. 
He was succeeded by Frederick W. Gnichtel as Judge 
of the Mercer County Court. 

His salary is $6,000 a year and his office is a life 
tenure. 

THOMAS G. HAIGHT, Jersey City. 

Judge Haight was born at Colts Neck, near Free- 
hold, New Jersey, August 4th, 1879, and is a son of 
John T. and Mary (Drummond) Haight. 

He obtained his education at the Freeliold Military 
Institute and Princeton Universitj-. He attended the 
New York Law School, from which he was graduated 
in 1900, with a degree of LL.B., and also served a 
clerkship in the office of Edmund Wilson, formerly 
attorney-general of New Jersey. He was admitted 
to the New Jersey bar as an attorney in November, 
1900, and as counselor in February, 1904. He began 
the practice of law in Jersey City as managing clerk 
for Queen & Tennant, with which firm he continued 
until its dissolution in January, 1905, when he formed 
a partnership with the junior member, George G. 
Tennant. This partnership continued until Mr, Ten- 
nant was appointed judge of the Hudson County 
Common Pleas Court by Governor Wilson, in 1913. 
In 1911 he was appointed assistant city attorney of 
Jersey City by Mayor Wittpenn, and continued as 
such until he resigned in March, 1913, to become 
county counsel of Hudson county, which latter po- 
sition he held until his appointment to the Federal 
bench. In February, 1914, he was appointed United 
States District Judge for the District of New Jersey 
by President Wilson. 

In politics, Judge Haight has always been a Demo- 
crat, and until his appointment to the bench was 
active in the independent branch of that party in 
Hudson county. He was a delegate to the Balti- 
more convention, from the twelfth New Jersey Con- 
gressional District, and worked diligently for the 
nomination of Governor Wilson for the Presidency. 

In 1905, Judge Haight rharried Annie M. Crater, 
daughter of the late David S. Crater, who was sec- 



356 LllUGliAPHIKS. 

retary of State of New Jersey. He is a nephew of 
the late General Charles Haight, for many years prose- 
cutor of Monmouth county. 



COURT OF CHANCEHY. 

Chancellor. 

EDWIN ROBERT WALKER. Trenton, 
(Term seven years, salary $13,000 per annum.) 

Chancellor Walker was born in Rochester, New 
York, September 13th, 1862, where his father, Dr 
Walter Walker, practiced medicine and surgery, but 
since 1869 he has lived in Trenton, the home of his 
maternal ancestors, two of whom were officers in the 
American army during the Revolutionary war, and 
one of whom was State Treasurer of New Jersey. 

Mr. Walker went to the Model School until 187S. 
when he left to become clerk in the office of the late 
Hon. Henry S. Little, then Clerk in Chancery. While 
serving a clerkship in the Chancery office he studied 
law with the late Col. S. Meredith Dickinson and 
afterwards with Judge Garret D. W. Vroom. He was 
admitted to the bar at the June term of the Supreme 
Court, 1886, and at once thereafter commenced the 
practice of his profession, in which he was actively 
engaged until appointed to the bench. In 1891-92 
Mr. Walker was counsel for the Beard of Chosen 
Freeholders of the county of Mercer, and in 1892-93 
was city counsel for the corporation of Trenton. Mr. 
"walker was Judge-Advocate of the Second Regiment. 
N. G. N. J., with the rank of Captain In 1906, and in 
1907 was made Judge-Advocate of the Second Bri- 
gade with the rank of Major. He was appointed 
Vice-chancellor by Chancellor Magle on October 29. 
1907. for a full term of seven years, to succeed Vice- 
Chancellor Bergen, who resigned to become a Justice 
of the Supreme Court. On March 18th, 1912. Governor 
Wilson nominated Mr. Walker for the office of Chan- 
cellor to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chancellor Mahlon Pitney, and he was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. 

The Chancellor is a Democrat in politics. 



BlOGliAPHIES. 337 

Vice-Chnncellors. 

(Term seven years, salary $12,000 a year.) 

JOHN R. EMERY, Morristown. 

Vlce-Chancellor Emery was born in Flemington, Hunter- 
don county, N. J., July 6th. 1842. He was graduated from 
Princeton College In 1861, and studied law under Bennet 
Van Syckel, since a Justice of the Supreme Court, and also 
under the late Vice-Chanceilor Van Fleet. He was 
a commissioned officer in the Fifteenth Regiment, New 
Jersey Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil War, but, con- 
tracting fever while in the service, was mustered out 
for physical disability. In 1865 he was admitted to the 
bar, when he formed a partnership with Mr. Van 
Fleet, which continued for one year. Then he went 
to Trenton, where he formed a partnership writh the 
late Augustus G. Richey, which was continued until 
1874. The next year he moved to Newark, where he 
opened a law office and soon built up an extensive 
practice. He has never held any political office. He 
was appointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor McGill 
on January 29th, 1895, for a full term of seven years, 
to succeed the late Vice-Chancellor Van Fleet. He 
was re-appointed by Chancellor Magie in 1902, and 
by Chancellor Pitney in 1909. In politics he is a 
Republican. His term will expire in January, 1916. 

FREDERIC W. STEVENS, Newark. 
Vice-Chancellor Stevens was born In Hoboken, N. J., 
June 9th, 1846. He was graduated from Columbia Law 
College in 1865; was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney In November, 1868, and as a counselor three 
years later. He first came into public life In 1873, when he 
was appointed Judge of the Second District Court of New- 
ark. He remained in that position for two years. In 1839 
the Judge was appointed County Counsel of Essex county, 
and filled that office for some years. Although he has not 
held any other public offices, Mr. Stevens has always been 
a prominent figure in some of the biggest legal fights ever 
made in the State and County Courts. One of those was 
the settlement of the back taxes of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna and "Western Railroad Company. In that case he 
and Judge Dillon acted as arbitrators. He Is a member 
of the Ecclesiastical Law Committee of the Protestant 



358 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Episcopal Diocese of Newark, and, with the late Cort- 
landt Parker, revised all of the canons governing: 
that body. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor in 1896, 
as a successor to John T. Bird. In 1903 he was ap- 
pointed for another term, and again in 1910. In 
politics he is a Democrat. His term will expire in 
1917. 

EUGENE STEVENSON, Paterson. 
Vice-Chancellor Stevenson was born in Brooklyn, N. T.. 
June 28, 1849. He moved to Paterson with his parents in 
1866, and has since resided there. He was graduated from 
the New York University as a Bachelor of Arts In the 
class of 1870, and was also graduated from the Law De- 
partment of the same institution. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law office of Socrates Tuttle, father-in-law of 
the late Vice-President Hobart, where he continued his 
studies. In June, 1874, Mr. Stevenson was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney-at-law, and three years later was 
made a counsellor. In 1881 he was appointed a Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Passaic county by Governor Ludlow. He 
served a full term of five years in that office. He did not 
seek a reappointment. Since that time he has never held 
a public office, although he has often been sought as a 
candidate for such. Prior to his elevation to the bench he 
enjoyed a very large practice in the higher courts of the 
State. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor on April 16, 1901, 
for a full term of seven years. He was reappointed in 
1908 and again in 1915. In politics he is a Democrat. 
His term will expire in 1922. 

EDMUND B. LEAMING, Camden. 

Vice-Chancellor Leaming, who was born at Seaville, 
Cape May county, N. J., fiftj'-eight years ago, is the 
son of ex-Senator and Dr. Jonathan F. Leaming and a 
brother of Dr. Walter S. Leaming, now deceased, who 
also served as Senator from Cape May. The Vice- 
Chancellor was, with his brother, educated unitier a 
private tutor, and subsequently as a post graduate 
in the University of Pennsylvania, and thereafter 
studied law with the late Judge and former Con- 
gressman James Buchanan in Trenton. United 
States Judge William M. Lanning, Congressman 
Ira Wood, Prosecutor of the Pleas Eugene Emley, Alfred 
L. Black, Samuel W. Beldon and Samuel Walker, Jr., 



BIOGRAPHIES. 35^ 

were law students in Trenton at the same time and pre- 
pared for the bar with Vice- Chancellor Learning. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 1881, and 
as a counselor in February, 1884. From Trenton he went 
to Seattle, and then to San Francisco, where he practiced 
his profession for a brief period. Upon his return to New 
Jersey he formed a co-partnership with Samuel W. Bel- 
don. Upon its dissolution by the appointment of Mr. Bel- 
don as general counsel of the Fidelity Trust Company, at 
Newark, N. J., he practiced by himself In Camden and 
until he was appointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Magle on September 21, 1906. to fill a vacancy caused by 
the death of Martin P. Grey. In 1913 he was appointed 
for another term by Chancellor Walker. In politics he 
is a Republican. His term will expire in 1920. 

JAMES E. HOWELL, Newark. 

Vice-Chancellor Howell was born In Wantage town- 
ship, Sussex county. N. J., June 25, 1848. He attended 
the common schools in that locality, and finishing In 
them was sent to Mt. Retirement Seminary, near 
Deckertown, now Sussex. This was a well-known 
academy in those days and was sometimes called 
Stiles' School. Taking up the law as his profession, 
Mr. Howell studied at the Univer.sity of Michigan, 
from which he was graduated. He also read law In 
the office of Coult & VanBlarcom at Newton. He was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey nfs an attorney In 
February, 1872, and as a counselor in June, 1880. 

In 1874 Mr. Howell came to Newark and has lived 
there ever since and practised his profession until he 
became a Vice-Chancellor. On January 1. 1876, he 
formed a co-partnership with Joseph Coult, which 
lasted under the well-known firm of Coult & Howell 
until he accepted his present office Being much 
interested in literature, he owns a valuable private 
library and is a trustee of the Newark Free Public 
Library. He served as a commissioner for the erec- 
tion of the new City Hall In Newark, under appoint- 
ment of the late Mayor Seymour, and paid especial 
attention to the details of the construction of the 
building. He served on the Essex County Sinking 
Fund Commission for several years, belongs to the 
Board of Trade, the Road Horse Drivers* Associa- 
tion, the State Bar Association, and is a member of 



360 BIOGRAPHIES!. 

several clubs. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor 
by Chancellor Magie to succeed Henry C. Pitney, who 
had resigned, and received his commission April 9. 
1907, for a term of seven years. He was re-appointed 
by Chancellor Walker in 1914 for another term, which 
will expire in 1921. In politics he is a Republican. 

VIVIAN M. LEWIS, Paterson. 

Vice-Chancellor Lewis was born at Paterson, N. J., 
June 8th, 1869. Prior to his admission to the bar he 
was engaged as correspondent of several New York 
newspapers. He was appointed judge-advocate of 
the old Second Regiment, National Guard, in July, 
1896, and served until the reorganization in 1899, 
when he was placed on the retired list with the rank 
of captain. He was elected to the Assembly in 
1898, 1899 and 1900, and was leader of the Republi- 
can majority on the floor of the House during his 
last term. He was for many years one of the counsel 
of the State Board of Health. He was elected City 
Counsel of Paterson in 1904 for a full term of office, 
but resigned upon his appointment by Governor Mur- 
phy as Clerk In Chancery, to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Edward C. Stokes, who was 
elected Governor. He was nominated for a full term 
of office in 1905, by Governor Stokes, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. He served In that oflice until 
April, 1909, when he was appointed Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, which office he held until 
April 3d, 1912, when he was appointed a Vice-Chan- 
cellor by Chancellor Walker. He was the Republican 
candidate for Governor in 1910. His term will expire 
in 1919. 

JOHN H. BACKES, Trenton. 

Vice-Chancellor Backes was born in Trenton, N. J., 
August 18th, 1863. He was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at the November term, 1884, and in February, 
1888, he was licensed as a counsellor. He has always 
practiced his profession in Trenton. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 

Mr. Backes was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by 
Chancellor Walker on February 22d, 1913, for a term 
of seven years, at a salary of $12,000 per annum. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 361 

JOHN GRIFFIN, Jersey City. 

Vice-Chancellor Griffin was born in Jersey City, 
June 26th, 1858. He was educated in the public schools 
and at an early age entered the law offices of Bedle, 
Muirheid & McGee as a student. He was admitted to 
the bar as an attorney in June, 1881, and as a coun- 
sellor three years later. At one time he was a partner 
of James A. Romeyn, and subsequently became a junior 
partner in the old firm headed by the late Governor 
Bedle. He specialized in admiralty law, of which he 
became a recognized authority. He has had an exten- 
sive practice in all the higher courts of the State and 
in the Supreme Court of the United States. Much of 
the municipal laws of the State have been framed by 
him, and for seventeen years lie has been counsel to 
the Board of Freeholders of Hudson county. 

Mr. Griffin was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chan- 
cellor Walker, March 20th, 1913, for a term of seven 
years. His salary is $12,000 per annum. In politics he 
is a Democrat. 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years. The salary of the Chief 
Justice is $13,000 a year, and that of each 
Associate Justice, $12,000.) 

Chief Justice. 

WILLIAM S. GUMMERE, Newark. 

Chief Justice Gummere was born in Trenton, June 24tt> 
1852, and is a son of the late Barker Gummere, who for 
many years was one of the acknowledged leaders of the 
bar or New Jersey. The Justice was educated at the old 
Trenton Academy and the Lawrencevllle School, and wa« 
graduated from Princeton College In 1870. He studied la>»- 
with his father, and upon being admitted to the bar he 
practiced for a time In the office of G. D. W. Vroom, when 
that gentleman was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer 
county. Subsequently Mr. Gummere formed a co- partner- 
ship with his uncle, the late ex-Governor Parker, in New- 
ark, and after that had been dissolved he was associated 
with Oscar Keen, of the same city. This continued until 
the late Edward T. Green was made Judge of the United 
States District Court, when Mr. Gummere succeeded him 



362 BIOGRAPHIES. 

as counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, with 
offices in Trenton. On February 18th, 1895, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Werts as a Justice of the Supreme 
Court, to succeed the late Justice Abbett for a term of 
seven years, and he was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate on the day following. On January 28, 1901, he was 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to take effect on November 16, 1901. and he 
was confirmed on February 4th following. The nomination 
was made to fiU a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chief Justice David A. Depue, who, after serving a period 
of thirty-five years on the bench, vacated the office on 
November 16th, 1901. Chief Justice Gummere took the oath 
of office on November 19, 1901. He was reappointed 
by Governor I'ort on January 22d, 1908, and was at 
once confirmed by the Senate. In 1915 he was nomi- 
nated for another term by Governor Fielder and was 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. In politics 
he is a Republican. His term will expire in 1922. His 
circuit comprises Essex county. Population, 566,324. 

CHARLES GRANT GARRISON, Merchantvllle. 
Justice Garrison was born in Swedesboro, Gloucester 
county, N. J., August 3d, 1849. He is a son of Rev. Joseph 
Fithian Garrison, D. D., a well known divine of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, who was a professor in a Phila- 
delphia college for a number of years, and died in 1893. 
The Judge was educated at Edgehill School, Princeton, at 
the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and In the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated as a physl- 
-^ian In 1872. He practiced that profession until 1876, at 
Swedesboro, and then entered the law office of Samuel H. 
Grey, of Camden, where he remained until he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1878. He was made Judge-Advo- 
cate General of New Jersey in 1884, and in 1882 he was 
made Chancellor of the Southern Diocese of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church of New Jersey. He was ap- 
pointed to the Supreme Court bench in January. 1888. in 
the place of the late ex-Governor Joel Parker, for a full 
term of seven years. He was re-appointed in 1895 by 
Governor Werts and again by Governor Murphy in 
1902 and by Governor Fort in 1909. In politics he is 
a Democrat. His term expires in 1916. 

His circuit consists of the counties of Camden and 
Gloucester. Total population, 209,808. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 363 

FRANCIS J. SWAYZE. Newark. 

Justice Swayze was born in Newton, Sussex county. May 
15th, 1861, and is a son of Jacob L. Swayze. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard College in 1879, and afterward studied 
law in the office of Martin Rosenkrans, in Newton. He 
also took a course at Harvard Law School, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey in June, 1882, and was made 
a counselor-at-law three years later. 

The Judge served as Chairman of the Sussex Republican 
County Committee from 18S6 to 18S9. He was a member of 
the Republican State Committee from 18S9 to 1892, and was 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention In 1892. 
In that year he removed to Newark and thereafter confined 
himself to the practice of his profession. He became a 
member of the law firm of Colie & Swayze, later Colie. 
Swayze & Titsworth. On February 13th, 1900. he was nom- 
inated by Governor Voorhees as a Circuit Court Judge to 
succeed Francis Child and he was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate for a terra of seven years. On January 13. 
1903, he was nominated by Governor Murphy as a Justicft 
of the Supreme Court to succeed Justice Collins, who had 
resigned, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate 
on January 20. for a full term of seven years. He 
was renominated in 1910 and was promptly confirmed 
by the Senate. His term will expire in January, 
1917. His circuit comprises the county of Hudson. 
Population, 571,371. 

THOMAS WHITAKER TRENCHARD, Trenton. 

Justice Trenchard was born in Centreton, Salem county, 
N. J., December 13th, 1863. His father was William B. 
Trenchard, for many years Clerk of the County of Cum- 
berland. The Judge was educated in the public schools of 
Bridgeton and In the South Jersey Institute, from which 
he was graduated in the class of 1882. He read law In the 
office of Porter and Nixon, and was admitted to the bar 
as an attorney at the November term of court in 1886, and 
as a counselor In February, 1893. He practiced law In 
Bridgeton, and In 1899 he was appointed Law Judge of 
Cumberland county by Governor Voorhees. In 1904 he was 
reappointed by Governor Murphy. He served as City So- 
licitor of Bridgeton from 1892 to 1899, and was a member of 
the House of Assembly in 1889. During many years he 
was Solicitor for the Board of Health of Bridgeton. He 
was one of the organizers of the Cumberland County Bar 



364 BICGRAPHTES. 

Association and has served as its president. In 1896 he 
was cliosen a Presidential Elector, when he cast his ballot 
for McKinley and Hobart. The Judge is a member of the 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution. On June 8th, 
1906, Governor Stokes appointed him a Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to fill a vacancy caused by the death 
of Justice Dixon. He was nominated and confirmed 
for a full term in 1907. In 1914 he w^as re-appointed 
for another term by Governor Fielder and was 
promptly confirmed by the Senate. His circuit com- 
prises the counties of Mercer, Hunterdon and War- 
ren. Population, 218,823. His term will expire in 1921. 

CHARLES W. PARKER. Jersey City. 

Justice Parker was born at Newark. N. J.. October 
22, 1862, and is a son of the late Cortlandt and Eliza- 
beth W. (Stites) Parker. He received his preliminary 
education at Pingvy School, Elizabeth, N. J., and 
Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H. He was grad- 
uated from Princeton College with honors in 1882; 
read law under the direction of his father and at Col- 
umbia Law School from 1882 to 1885; was admitted 
to the New Jersey bar as an attorney in June, 
1885, and as a counselor at the February term, 1890. 
He practiced his profession in Newark till 1890, and 
thereafter in Bayonne City, and since 1891 in Jersey 
City. In 1898 he was appointed a District Court Judge 
for Jersey City, and in 1903 he was reappointed. He 
resigned that oflfice in 1903 and accepted an appoint- 
ment by Governor Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit 
Court. The appointment was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate and he took his seat on March 2, 19u3. 
This office he held until October, 1907. when he re- 
signed to become a Justice of the Supreme Court, to 
which office he was nominated by Governor Stokes 
and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on Sep- 
tember 25 for a full term of seven years. He succeeds 
John Franklin Fort, who had resigned upon, his nomi- 
nation as the Republican candidate for Governor. H*» 
served as Assistant Adjutant General of the State from 
1902 to 1907, after twelve years enlisted and com- 
missioned service In the Essex Troop and Fourth 
Regiment, and was aide de camp on the staff of Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy, during the latter's term of 
office. In politics the Justice is a Republican. His 



BIOGRAPHIES. 365 

term will expire in 1921. He was re-appointed by 
Governor Fielder in 1914 and was promptly confirmed 
by the Senate. His circuit comprises the counties 
of Morris, Bergen and Somerset. Population, 304,233. 

JAMES J. BERGEN. Somervllle. 

Justice Bergen Is a lineal descendant of Han Hanson 
Berg-en, who came from Holland to New York city and 
was the progenitor of nearly all those bearing the 
name in America. He married Sarah Rappelyea, who, 
It is said, was the first white child born in the New 
Netherlands. Mr. Bergen's New Jersey ancestor was 
a granc^son of the original emigrant, and owned con- 
siderable tracts of land in the counties of Somerset 
and Hunterdon. The family is among the oldest of 
the Holland-Dutch settlers in this country, and its 
members have always been conspicuous in business, 
professional and public affairs. 

The Justice is a son of John J. and Mary A. (Park) 
Bergen, and was born October 1, 1847, in Somerville, 
N. J., where he has always resided. He attended the 
old brick academy in his native town, and was grad- 
uated from Calvin Butler Seminary of the same place 
in 1863. At the age of seventeen he entered upon the 
study of law with the late Hugh M. Gaston, of Somer- 
ville, with whom he remained until lie was admitted 
as an attorney at the November term in 1868. During 
the following year he practised his profession in 
Plainfield. N. J. On January 1, 1870, he returned to 
Somerville and formed a law partnership with his 
preceptor, Mr. Gaston, which was continued under the 
firm name of Gaston & Bergen for twenty years, when 
Mr. Gaston withdrew. He was made a counselor in 
November, 1871. 

He was elected to the Legislature in 1875, 1876, 1830 
and 1891, serving as Speaker of the Assembly during 
the sessions of 1891 and 1892. and in 1896 was a dele- 
gate to the Democratic National Convention. In 1877 
he was appointed by Governor Bedle as Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, which ofliice he held 
for six years. He was president of the Board of Com- 
missioners of Somerville and of iho savings bank 
for a long time, and has been a director of the First 
National Bank of that place. He was especially active 
in organizing police and fire departments, and is cred- 



366 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ited with creating the public sentiment which made 
possible the introduction of a sewage system and other 
public improvements in Somerville. 

In March, 1904, he was appointed a Vice-Chancellor 
by Chancellor Magie for a full term of seven years, 
and on October 11, 1907, Governor Stokes sent his 
nomination as a Justice of the Supreme Court to the 
Senate, which was confirmed without reference. He 
took the oath of ofl^ce on October 1G. 1907. His terra 
will expire October 11th, 1921, He was re-appointed 
by Governor Fielder in 1914 and was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Union and Middlesex. Population, 312,038. 
In politics he is a Democrat. 

JAMES F. MINTURN, Hoboken. 

Justice Minturn was born at Hoboken, N. J., July 
16th, 1860. He was educated in the Hoboken public 
schools and the Martha Institute. Afterward he en- 
tered college, but was forced to retire owing to ill 
health, and he completed his studies under the tute- 
lage of Prof. Louis Barton, a graduate of Rutgers 
College. He was graduated from the Columbia College 
Law School, New York, with the degree of LL.B. He 
then entered the office of Ogden & Niven in Hoboken 
and there completed his study of New Jersey law. 
He was admitted to the bar of New York as an at- 
torney and counselor. In 1884 he was appointed Cor- 
poration Attorney of Hoboken and was retained in 
that office until he became a Circuit .ludge, twenty-one 
j-ears altogether, despite political changes in adminis- 
tration. 

He represented Hoboken in many notable law suits, 
carrying them through the highest courts of the State 
and the United States Courts. In ls89 he represented 
that city in the dispute over the ownership of the 
river front, in which the Hoboken Land and Improve- 
ment Company and the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany were parties in litigation. The case went through 
the State Courts and was taken to the United States 
Supreme Court. 

The Justice was counsel for the late Henry George 
in the celebrated case of the John Hutchins will, of 
Camden, in which considerable money was bequeathed 
for the circulation of George's works. After going 



BIOGRAPHIES. 367 

through the Court of Chancery, it was taken on ap- 
peal to the Court of Errors and Appeals, where the 
claim of Mr. George was sustained. Mr. Minturn at one 
time declined the appointment of District Court Judge 
of Hoboken. He was one of the organizers of the 
Hudson County and Stata Bar associations. In 1903 
he wrote an article, which appeared in the New Jersey 
Law Journal, discussing the proposed constitutional 
amendments, taking the ground, while not opposing 
them, that they were insufficient for the relief of the 
courts. He also contributed to Belford's Magazine an 
article, entitled "The Iniquities of the Tariff." A Latin 
scholar and linguist, he is also an orator and a lecturer 
of high rank. 

In 1884 Mr. Minturn was appointed Judge-Advocate 
of the old Second Regiment, National Guard, and 
served seven years and until the re£^iment was amal- 
gamated with the Fourth. He is an lionorary member 
of the DeLong Guards of Hoboken. He has always 
taken an active interest in militarv affairs and has 
won several medals at the Sea Girt ranges and quali- 
fied as an expert marksman. 

The Justice was one of the organizers of the Free 
Public Library of' Hoboken and of the State Charities 
Aid Association. He also helped organize the Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and was its 
counsel for several years. He has been president of 
the First National Bank of Guttenburg and vice-presi- 
dent of the Ocean County Trust Company. 

He was elected Senator in Hudson county in 1904 and 
served In that office until he took his seat as Circuit 
Judge. He was nominated for the Judgeship by Gov- 
ernor Stokes on June 21, 1907, was unanimously con- 
firmed by the Senate and was sworn into office on 
July 31. On January 22. 1908. he was nominated by 
Governor Fort as Justice of the Supreme Court, and 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. The degree 
of LL.D. was conferred on the Justice at Seton Hall 
College in June. 190S. 

He was nominated for another term in 1915 by 
Governor Fielder and was unanimously confirmed by 
the Senate. 

In politics he is a Democrat, and his term will ex- 
pire in 1922. His circuit comprises the counties of 
Passaic and Sussex. Population, 262,341. 



368 BIOGRAPHIES. 

SAMUEL KALISCH. Newark. 

Justice Kalisch was born in Cleveland, Ohio, April 
18, 1851. He is a son of Isidor Kalisch, D.D., a noted 
Tewish divine, who was a pioneer in the establish- 
ment of Reformed Judaism in this country and died 
in Newark in 1886. Mr. Kalisch was educated in the 
public schools of Lawrence, Mass., and Detroit, Mich., 
and was also under the private tutelage of his father. 
He was graduated from the Columbia College Law 
School, New York, with the degree of LL. B. in 1870, 
and was in the office of the late William B. Guild, Jr., 
until he was admitted to the bar. He was city attor- 
ney of the city of Newark in 1875. He devoted him- 
self to a general practice of the law and built up an 
extensive and lucrative practice. He was one of the 
most prominent trial lawyers In the state and was 
counsel in many notable cases, both civil and crim- 
inal. In politics he is a Democrat. His term will 
expire in 1918. His circuit comprises the counties of 
Monmouth, Burlington and Ocean. Population, 20,5,- 
024. 

CHARLES C. BLACK, Jersey City. 

Justice Black was born on a farm in Burlington 
county, near Mount Holly, N. J., on July 29th, 1858. He 
was prepared for college at the Mount Holly Acad- 
emy, and entered Princeton College in 1874, being 
graduated with the class of '78. He studied law at 
Mount Holly, N. J., and at the University of Michigan, 
at Ann Arbor. He was admitted to the bar of New 
Jersey as an attorney In June, 1881, and as a coun- 
selor in June, 1884. After being admitted to the bar 
he located at Jersey City, and has practiced law there 
until his appointment to the bench under the firm 
name of Black & Dayton. 

He served for five years as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Registration under the Ballot Reform 
Law. He was appointed as a member of the State Board 
of Taxation on March 21st, 1891, for a term of five years, 
was re-appointed for another term in 1896, and again in 
1901. He was again appointed in 1904 for a term of five 
years. Mr. Black has made valuable additions to the 
literature of the law In his "Proof and Pleadings In Acci- 
dent Cases," "New Jersey Law of Taxation" and "Law 
and Practice in Accident Cases." Mr. Black was the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 369 

Democratic candidate for Governor in 1904. He was ap- 
pointed a member of "The Equal Tax Commission" by 
Governor Murpliy. Governor Stokes nominated him on 
March 30, 1905, as a member of the new Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes, and he was at once confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. He served on that board until he was appointed a 
Circuit Judge by Governor Fort, on January 22d. 1908, 
to succeed Judge Minturn, who was appointed to the 
bench of the Supreme Court. The justice was ap- 
pointed on June 13th, 1914, by Governor Fielder to 
a vacancy in the Supreme Court caused by the death 
of Justice Voorhees, which occurred on June 1st. 
He was nominated for a full term in 1915 and was 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. His circuit 
comprises the counties of Atlantic, Cape May, Cum- 
berland andi Salem, Population, 197,020. His term 
will expire in 1922. 



Circuit Court Judges. 

(Term of office, seven years. Salary, $9,000.) 

FREDERIC ADAMS, Orange. 

Judge Adams was born on October 9th. 1840, at Amherst. 
N. H. He was graduated from Phillips Academy at An- 
dover in 1858, and from Yale College in 1862. He read law 
at the Harvard Law School in 1863 and '64, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New York city in 1864. He was admitted 
to practice in New Jersey as an attorney in February, 1868, 
and as a counselor In November, 1873. Nearly his entire 
practice has been in the city of Newark, where he has 
been much occupied by his duties as Special and Ad- 
visory Master in Chancery. The only political offices 
he ever held were as Clerk of East Orange township, 
Essex county, and as counsel for the same township. 
On March 23d, 1897, he was nominated as Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs to 
succeed Judge Barcalow, who had been appointed as 
Judge of the Passaic County Courts. He was unani- 
mously confirmed by the Senate on March 25, 1897. 
On January 13, 1903, he was nominated by Governor 
Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit Court for a full 
term of seven years, and on the 20th of that month he 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. He was 
renominated and confirmed for another term in 1910. 
24 



370 BIOGRAPHIES. 

In politics the Judge is a Republican. His term will 
expire in January, 1917. His circuit comprises the 
county of Essex. 

FRANK T. LLOYD. Camden. 

Judge Lloyd was born at Middletown, Delaware, October 
29th, 1859. He was graduated from the Middletown Acad- 
emy, and after removing to Camden, In 1875, learned the 
trade of a compositor. During his apprenticeship he 
studied law with the Hon. James Otterson. of Philadel- 
phia, and was admitted to the bar of Pennsylvania in 1882. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney 
in February, 1897, and as a counselor In February, 1900. 
In 1899, upon the death of the Incumbent, he was desig- 
nated by the Court to prosecute the pleas In Camden 
county, and was thereafter successively appointed to the 
position of Prosecutor by Governor Voorhees in 1900 and 
Governor Stokes in 1905. This position he held at the time 
of his appointment in 1905 by Governor Stokes to the bench 
of the Circuit Court. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly In 1896 and 1897, the later year being chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee of that body, and Is the author 
of the present marriage law of the State. He was a mem- 
ber of the Franchise Commission whose recommendations 
were in 1906 enacted Into law by the Legislature. 
Judge Lloyd's circuit comprises the counties of Cam- 
den, Ocean, Mercer and Middlesex. In 1914 he was 
re-appointed by Governor Fielder and was promptly 
confirmed by the Senate. His term will expire in 1921. 
In politics he is a Republican. 

WILLIAM H. SPEER, Jersey City. 

Judge Speer was born in Jersey City, N. J.. October 
21st, 1868. He was educated In Hasbrouck Institute in 
Jersey City and at Columbia University In New York 
city. He studied law at Columbia University Law 
School and in the office of John Linn In Jersey City. 
At the November term, 1891, he was admitted to the 
bar of New Jersey, and was made a counselor-at-law 
in June, 1895. 

After being admitted to the bar. Judge Speer became 
a member of the firm of Linn & Speer, his partner 
being Clarence Linn, a son of John Linn. This partner- 
ship continued for a number of years. Mr. Speer was 
twice vice-president of the Hudson County Bar Asso- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 371 

elation, and became its president in 1903. On February 
8th, 1903, Mr. Speer, having been appointed by Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy and confirmed by the Senate 
to the office of Prosecutor of the Pleas for Hudson 
county, qualified as such and held the office until De- 
cember 30th. 1907. when he was appointed by Governor 
Edward C. Stokes as a Circuit Court Judge to succeed 
Charles W. Parker. On January 22d, 1908, he was 
appointed for a full term by Governor Fort, and in 
1915 he was re-appointed by Governor Fielder. 

Judge Speer has been active in politics, and Is a mem- 
ber of the Republican party. At the time of his ap- 
pointment as Judge he was a member of the firm of 
Speer & Kellogg, his partner being Frederick S. Kel- 
logg. His circuit comprises the counties of Hudson 
and Morris. His term will expire in 1922. 

NELSON Y. DUNGAN, Somerville. 

Judge Dungan was born May 3, 1867, at Lambert- 
ville, Hunterdon county, N. J. He moved to Somerset 
county with his parents in 1873 and has lived there 
ever since, residing at the present time at Somerville. 
From 1883 to 1889 he was a teacher in the public 
schools of the county, teaching the last four years in 
Somerville. 

He was admitted to the bar as an attorney-at-law 
at the November term, 1890, and as a counselor, No- 
vember term, 1893, and as an attorney and counselor 
of the United States Supreme Court, November, 1896. 
He is also an attorney and counselor of the State of 
New York and of the District of Columbia. He is a 
special master in Chancery and a Supreme Court 
Commissioner. From 1895 to 1900 he was Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, and served as a 
member of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey 
State Village for Epileptics from 1903 to 1907. He 
was associated with John F. Reger under the firm 
name of Dungan & Reger, from April 1st, 1898, to 
March 24, 1911. 

As a member of the National Guard of New Jersey 
he gained considerable prominence. He enlisted in 
the Guard as a private in Company H, Third Regiment. 
July 26, 1888, and served through the various grades 
until March 25, 1907, when he was elected Colonel of 
the Second Regiment, Infantry, which office he held 



3 72 BIOGRAPHIES. 

at the time of his appointment to the Circuit Court, 
and was subsequently, February 21st, 1912, appointed 
Brigadier-General by brevet. He was retired from 
the office of Colonel of the Second Regiment the day 
after he received his commission as Judge, which was 
March 24th, 1911. 

The Judge has been assigned to Essex, Monmouth 
andi Hunterdon counties. His term will expire on 
March 24th, 1918. In politics he is a Democrat. 

HOWARD CARROW, Camden. 

Judge Carrow was born in Camden, Del., in 1861. 
He went to Bridgeton, N. J., to reside in 1867, where he 
remained until 1873, when he removed to Camden 
county, where he has resided ever since. 

Mr. Carrow was made an attorney in June, 1882, and 
a counsellor in June, 1885. He was made Judge of 
Camden District Court in 1891, and served one term 
of five years. In 1895 he was permanent Chairman of 
the Democratic State Convention that nominated Chan- 
cellor McGill for Governor, In 1894 he served on a 
commission appointed by Governor Werts to suggest 
constitutional amendments for changes in our judicial 
system, and was temporary Chairman of this dis- 
tinguished body. He was twice a Delegate-at-Large 
to National Democratic conventions, and was a mem- 
ber of the National Democratic Committee and a Presi- 
dential elector, also a member of Democratic Commit- 
tee of the State. He was appointed Judge of Court of 
Comm^on Pleas of Camden County by Governor Wilson, 
April, 1912, and served until March, 1913, when he re- 
signed to go on tlie Circuit bencli. His term expires 
in 1920. His circuit comprises Burlington, Gloucester, 
Salem, Cumberland, Cape May and Atlantic counties. 

LUTHER A. CAMPBELL, Hackensack. 

Judge Campbell was born in Bergen county, N. J., 
November 28th, 1872. He read law with his father, 
the late Abraham D. Campbell, and was admitted to 
the bar in February, 1894. He formed a partnership 
under the name of A. D. & L. A. Campbell, which 
lasted until his father's death in October, 1896. Be- 
sides representing a large number of other munici- 
palities in Bergen county, he served as counsel to 



BIOGRAPHIES. 373 

Hackensack for twelve years successively and as 
counsel to the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Ber- 
gen county for six years successively'. 

Acting- Governor Taylor appointed Mr. Campbell 
a Circuit Judge on January 6th, 1914. This was an 
ad interim appointment, and on January 20th, Gover- 
nor Fielder sent his name to the Senate for a full 
term of office and he was promptly confirmed. His 
term will not expire until 1921. His circuit com- 
prises the counties of Hudson and Bergen. 

GEORGE S. SILZER, Metuchen. 

Judge Silzer was born at New Brunswick, April 
14th, 1870. He was educated in the public schools, 
and was graduated from the High School in 1888, 
being the valedictorian of his class; was admitted 
to the bar as an attorney in November, 1892, and 
as counselor in November, 1899. He practiced his 
profession in New Brunswick until his appointment 
as Circuit Court Judge in 1914. 

He has served in the New Brunswick Board of 
Aldermen, and as chairman of the Democratic County 
Committee. In 1906 he received a unanimous nomi- 
nation for State Senator in Middlesex county and 
conducted a successful campaign on the principle of 
anti-bribery. In 1909 he was renominated and re- 
elected by an increased plurality of 1,879 over Judge 
Hicks, Republican. During his six years service 
as senator he took a very prominent part in legis- 
lation and was one of the leaders of his party. 
In 1912 he was appointed prosecutor of the pleas of 
Middlesex county by Governor Wilson and served in 
that office until August 25th, 1914, when he was made 
a circuit judge by Governor Fielder. He was appointed 
for a full term of office in 1915. His term will expire 
in 19.22. His circuit comprises the counties of Passaic, 
Union, Somerset. Sussex and Warren. 



374 BIOGRAPHIES. 



Lay Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

(Term of ofRce, six years. Compensation, $20 a day 
for actual service. No mileag-e.) 

WILLIAM H. VREDENBURGH, Freehold. 

Judge Vredenburgh comes fron? a very old Ntw Jersey 
family, being the second son of tht late Judge Peter Vre- 
denburgh. The first generation of the family on this side 
of the Atlantic, as appears from ancient records, sprang 
from William I. Vredenburg, who came to New Nether- 
lands from The Hague In May, 1658, in the ship Gilded 
Beaver. 

Peter Vredenburg, father of the present Judge, was a 
prominent jurist In both State and nation. He served two 
terms as an Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme 
Court, being first appointed by Governor Price, in 1855, and 
again by Governor Olden In 1862. Many of his decisions are 
regarded as being among the ablest reported. 

Judge Vredenburgh was born August 19th, liAO; was 
graduated at Rutgers College in 1859; studied law in the 
office of the late Governor Joseph D. Bedle; was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in June, 1862, and as a counselor 
in June, 1865. He is one of three sons, all of whom were 
lawyers. 

After his admission, young Vredenburgh began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Freehold, his native town, and has 
continued to carry on the law business there ever since, 
with the exception of about a year, 1864, when he was 
located at Eatontown, to continue the business of his 
brother. Major Peter Vredenburgh, Jr., who was absent 
in the military service, and who was killed September 19th, 
1864, at the battlo of Winchester, Va., at the head of his 
regiment. 

In 1865 Mr. Vredenburgh formed a law partnership with 
Philip J. Ryall, which continued for about five years, until 
Mr. Ryall's failing health compelled his retirement from 
practice. In the exciting general election of 1884, Mr. Vre- 
denburgh was nominated by the Republicans of Monmouth 
county for State Senator, and was only defeated by the re- 
tirement of the regular Democratic candidate a few days 
before the election and the fusion of the Democrats and 
Prohibitionists, and by a very narrow majority. 

In 1897 he was one of the special Commissioners to con- 
sider the question of railroad taxation, whose report be- 
came enacted into the body of the tax laws. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 375 

In November, 1897, he was appointed a Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs, to 
fill a vacancy caused by the death of Judge Dayton. 
On January 12th, 1898, he was nominated for a full 
term of six years by Governor Griggs, and he was 
confirmed by the Senate on the 18th of the same 
month. On January 18th, 1904, he was appointed by 
Governor Murphy for another term of office, and on 
the 25th was confirmed by the Senate, and in 1910 
he was renominated and confirmed for another term. 
In politics the Judge is a Republican. His term will 
expire in 1916. 

JOHN JOSIAH WHITE, Atlantic City. 

Judge White was born on his father's farm near 
Mount Holly, Burlington county, N. J., August 16, 
1863. He is the eldest son of Josiah White and Mary 
Kirby (Allen) White, the ancestors of both of whom 
have been earnest members of and often prominent 
ministers in the Society of Friends in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania since the first of them came to America, 
attracted by William Penn's "Invitation to Friends" 
emigrated thither in search of religious liberty dur- 
ing the latter part of the seventeenth century. Among 
these direct ancestors of Judge White who thus emi- 
grated to America were Christopher White, who 
came in 1677 and settled at Alloways creek, Salem 
county, N. J.; William Haines, who settled at Bur 
lington in 1682; also Samuel Smith, in 1694, who was 
a member of Assembly until his death in 1718; Jo- 
seph Kirkbride, who came to Philadelphia in 1682, 
and Mahlon Stacy, who settled in what is now South 
Trenton, in 1678, all from England, and besides these 
other distinguished ancestors from the same country. 
Another ancestor was Isaac Shoemaker, from Cres- 
heim (now Kriegshein) on the Rhine, who was one 
of a party of eighty German Quakers who founded 
Germantown. 

Judge White attended Swarthmore College two 
years, leaving at the end of his sophomore year to 
enter as a student of law in the office of Nathan H. 
Sharpless, one of the leaders of the Philadelphia bar. 
He also attended the law school of the University of 
Pennsylvania, receiving his B. L. degree in 1884. He 
was admitted the same year to the bars of Philadel- 



376 BIOGRAPHIES. 

phia and Delaware counties, and three years later to 
the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. He 
continued in active practice in Philadelphia until 
1901, when he removed to Atlantic City and with his 
father and two brothers built the Marlborough-Blen- 
heim hotel, of which they have since continued to be 
the sole owners and managers. 

On June 14, 1911, he was appointed by Governor 
Wilson a lay Judge of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Judge 
George R. Gray. In politics the Judge is a Republi- 
can. On January 29th, 1912, the Judge was nominated 
for a full term of office and was duly confirmed by 
the Senate. His term will expire in 1918. 

HENRY S. TERHUNE, Long Branch. 

Judge Terhune was born at Matawan, N. J., June 9th, 
1860. He is a son of the late William L. Terhune, and 
nephew of the late Henry Stafford Little. He is a 
graduate of Princeton University and Columbia Law 
School. He studied law with Hon. John S. Applegate, 
of Red Bank. Was admitted as an attorney in 1885, 
and as a, counselor in 1890. He has practiced law at 
Long Branch since his admission. For many years Mr. 
Terhune was Chairman of the Democratic Executive 
Committee of his county, and in 1892 was elected to the 
State Senate. Mr. Terhune was appointed a Judge of 
the Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Wilson 
on February 3d, 1913, for a term of six years. His term 
will expire in 1919. 

ERNEST J. HEPPENHEIMER, Jersey City. 

Judge Heppenheimer was born in Jersey City, N. J., 
February 24th, 1869, and is in the life insurance busi- 
ness. He attended Public School No. 8 in Jersey City 
until ten years of age, then spent three years at school 
in Germany. Upon returning to America he went to 
Peekskill Military Academy for three years, and fin- 
ished at Phillips Academy, Anover, Mass. He was a 
member of the firm of F. Heppenheimer's Sons, litho- 
graphers, in New York, until its formation into the 
American Lithographic Company, when he retired to 
engage in cattle raising in Texas. He conducted an 
extensive cattle ranch until 1897, when he returned to 



BIOGRAPHIES. 377 

his native city. Together with prominent business men 
of the State he founded the Colonial Life Insurance 
Company of America, with its head office in Jersey 
City; became Secretary in 1897, Second Vice-President 
in 1902, and succeeded the late E. F. C. Young as Presi- 
dent in 1906. He was President of the Board of Alder- 
men, Jersey City, January, 1910, to June, 1913, when 
the commission form of government came into ex- 
istence. He served as Commissioner of Finance, Jer- 
sey City, 1910 to 1913; was a Presidential elector in 
1912; President New Jersey Harbor Commission, 1912 
to 1913, and resigned the latter position in March, 
1913, after appointment by Governor Wilson as Judge 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals. His term will ex- 
pire in 1919. 

ROBERT WILLIAMS, Paterson. 

Judge Williams was born in Paterson, N. J.. March 
16th, 1860, and is a lawyer by profession. He was 
graduated from Princeton College in 1881, and from 
Columbia College Law School in 1884. He studied 
law with his father, the late Senator Henry A. Wil- 
liams, in Paterson. In 1884 he was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney, and in 1887 as a counselor. He 
was a member of the House of Assembly in 1890 and 
1891, and in the latter year received the minority 
nomination for Speaker. In 1894 he was elected to 
the State Senate from Passaic county and served a 
full term of three years. He served on various im- 
portant committees and in 1896 he was chosen to fill 
a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate upon the 
resignation of Lewis A. Thompson, of Somerset. In 
1897 Mr. Williams was elected president for a full 
term. He has represented Passaic county as a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Committee. Upon the 
resignation of General Joseph W. Congdon, as a 
member of the Board of Railroad Commissioners, 
March 17th, 1909, Mr. Williams was appointed to the 
vacancy, resigning from the Board of Riparian Com- 
missioners, of which he had been a member since 
1904, being chairman at tlie time of his resignation. 
His term expired on May 1st, 1913. The death of 
Judge Conger of the Court of Errors and Appeals 
occurred on May 1st, 1914, and Governor Fielder 
appointed Mr. Williams to the vacancy. He was ap- 
pointed for a full term in 1915 and his term expires 
in 1921. 



378 BIOCRAPHIES. 

FRANK M. TAYLOR, Hackensack. 

Judge Taylor was born in Fairview, Bergen county, 
July 23d, 1873. He moved to Hackensack, N. J., in 
1880, where he has since resided. He has been a 
member of the firm of Lasher & Taylor, general 
ag'ents of Hartford Fire Insurance Company, for past 
twenty years, having charge of the company's affairs 
for the States of New York and New Jersey. He 
served as president and member of the governing 
body of Hackensack for a period of six years. 

In 1913, was appointed by Governor Fielder to serve 
as his personal military aide with rank of Colonel; 
was re-appointed to that position by Acting Governor 
Taylor and re-appointed in 1914 by Governor Fielder, 
which position he still holds. He was appointed by 
Governor Fielder, Judge of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals in 1915. His term expires April, 1921. In 
politics he is a Democrat. 



U. S. OFFICERS FOR NEW JERSEY. 

District Attorney. 

J. WARREN DAVIS, Salem. 
Mr, Davis was born in Elizabeth City, N. C, March 
4th, 1867, and spent his boyhood days at that place 
and at Norfolk, Va., where his father, John Smithson- 
Davis, moved when the District Attorney was a boy. 
He received his early education at Elizabeth City and 
Norfolk in the public schools. He prepared for college 
at Chester Academy, Chester, Pa., and graduiated 
valedictorian of his class in 1892. He graduated from 
Bucknell University in 1896, from Crozer Theological 
Seminary in 1899, at both of which places he was one 
of the commencement speakers. Upon his graduation 
at Crozer he was elected instructor in Hebrew and 
Greek. He pursued past graduate studies in history 
and philosophy at the University of Chicago in 1901, 
and at the University of Leipsic, Germany, in 1902 and 
1903, during which time he took lectures at the Uni- 
versities of Berlin and Halle, He returjied to America 
and entered the Law School of the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1904, and graduated in 1906, since which 
time he has practiced law with his brother, James 



BIOGRAPHIES. 379 

Mercer Davis, of Mount Holly, N. J., under the firm 
name of Davis & Davis, with their principal office in 
the Security Trust Building, Camden, N. J. He is a 
member of the bar of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 
and of the State bar associations of both States. 
He has the degrees of A.B., A.M., B.D. and B.L, 
He was one of the charter members of the Kappa 
Sigma fraternity in college, and was a member of the 
Supreme Executive Committee, the executive of the 
fraternity-at-large for two years, .being Worthy Grand 
Master of Ceremonies, having charge of the secret 
work of the fraternity. He was District Grand Master 
of the Second District, extending from Connecticut to 
Virginia, for two years. He is a member of the fol- 
lowing fraternal organizations: Masons, Odd Fellows, 
Red Men, Mechanics, P. O. S. of A., Grange, Knights of 
Pythias, Loyal Order of Moose, Tall Cedars and Eagles. 
In 1911 he was elected to the Senate of New Jersey 
from Salem county by a plurality of 732 over William 
Plummer, Jr., his predecessor in office. Mr. Davis 
served as Senator until June 4th, 1913, when he was 
appointed to his present position. His term is three 
y 



Clerk V. S. District Conrt. 

GEORGE T. CRANMER. Trenton. 
Mr. Cranmer was born at Barnegat, N. J., December 6th, 
1848. He was formerly engaged in the banking and broker- 
age, real estate and insurance business. He has been an 
active member of the State National Guard for a number 
of years, and from 1875 to 1899 was Quartermaster of the 
Seventh Regiment. In 1878 he was the Republican candi- 
date for member of Assembly, but was defeated by Hon. 
Rufus Blodgett, since a United States Senator. In Sep- 
tember, 1879, without his solicitation, he was appointed by 
President Hayes Collector of Customs for the District of 
Little Egg Harbor, N. J., which office he resigned July 1st, 
1880. In 1882 he was again nominated for member of As- 
sembly and elected over William J. Harrison by a majority 
of 477. In 1883 he was unanimously nominated for Senator, 
and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a plur- 
ality of 36. In 1886 he was renominated for Senator, and 
elected over Judge Richard H. Conover by a plurality of 
743. In 1889 he was again unanimously renominated for Sen- 



380 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ator, and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a 
plurality of 272. He always took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings of the Senate, and for many years was Chairman 
of the Senate Republican caucus, and also of the joint 
Republican caucus. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated 
by the Republican caucus for President of the Senate. He 
was an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Repub- 
lican Convention at Chicago in 1888, and also to the Minne- 
apolis Convention in 1892. In October, 1891, at a convention 
of the State League of Republican Clubs, he was elected 
an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Convention 
of Republican Clubs. He was appointed to his present 
office by the late Judge Green, in January, 1893, to succeed 
Linsly Rowe, who had resigned. No fixed salary, but in- 
stead, fees. 



United States Marshal. 

ALBERT BOLLSCHWEILER, Perth Amboy. 

Mr. Bollschweiler was born in Schopfheim, Baden, 
Germany, April 26th, 1860. He was educated in ward 
schools, and after graduation he entered upon his life's 
work in clay products as an apprentice in Wiesbaden, 
Germany. Later he w'ent to Switzerland and spent two 
years, returned to Germanj', and from there came to 
the United States in 1882. He began operating in the 
terra cotta business in Boston, and' came from that city 
to Perth Amboy, went to Chicago, and on February 23d, 
1888, he settled permanently in Perth Amboy. He en- 
gaged in the terra cotta business for himself in 1890, 
and became one of the founders of the Standard Terra 
Cotta Works, now a branch of the Atlantic Terra Cotta 
Company. He served as its president and general man- 
ager. He specialized in the manufacture of ceramic 
products, and became president of the Perth Amboy 
Ceramic Company. Mr. Bollschweiler is a member of 
Raritan Lodge, No. 661, F. and A. M.; Perth Amboj 
Lodge, No. 784, B. P. O. E.; Middlesex Council, Royal 
Arcanum; Perth Amboy Camp, W. O. W., and of Local 
No. 273, American Federation of Musicians. He was 
elected for three consecutive terms to serve as Mayor 
of Perth Amboy, beginning in 1907, serving about five 
years, until he became Sheriff of Middlesex county in 
1911, which position he resigned to accept the appoint- 
ment of United States Marshal in December, 1913. His 
term is four years, and salary $3,000 per annum. 



BIOGKAPHIES. 3S1 



STATE OFFICERS. 

Secretary of State. 

THOMAS F. MARTIN. 

Mr. Martin was born in Hartford, Conn., January 
30th, 1868. He is a newspaper editor and publisher 
by profession and for the past fifteen years he has 
been the owner and editor of the Hudson Dispatch, 
published at Union Hill, Hudson county. This paper 
has g^rown from a local daily to one which now has 
an extensive circulation throughout the county of 
Hudson and a State-wide influence. 

Mr. Martin is a member of Palisade Council No. 
483, Knights of Columbus, the Cartaret Club of Jersey 
City, and a charter member of the North Hudson 
Board of Trade. His legislative career began in 1911. 
He served in the House of Assembly that year, in 
1912, and again in 1913. He was again elected to 
the House of 1915, when he was chosen as the leader 
of the Democratic members on the floor. 

Mr. Martin takes more gratification out of the re- 
sult of his efforts in connection with the attempt to 
enact Morris Canal legislation than any other bill 
in the passage or defeat of which he played any part. 
As the Democratic leader Mr. Martin vigorously op- 
posed legislation that he thought would prove detri- 
mental to the best interests of the State, and time 
has justified the position taken by him. 

When Governor Fielder was called upon to name 
a new Secretary of State because of the death of 
David S. Crater, the then secretary, Mr. Martin was 
accorded a tribute such as has never before been ex- 
tended to any man in this State. Every member of 
the House of Assembly, of which he was a member, 
waited upon the Governor, and regardless of their 
politics,. they asked for the naming of Mr. Martin to 
the place. Governor Fielder named Mr. Martin as 
Secretary of State, April 5th, 1915, for a term of five 
years. The salary is $6,000 per year. 



382 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Assistant Secretary of State. 

WILLIAM L. DILL, Paterson. 

Mr. Dill was born in Freeburgh, Pa., March 15th, 
1874. His father was Major William H. Dill, com- 
mander of the famous 118th Regiment N. Y. Vol. 
Inf., and one of the foremost educators in the State 
of Pennsylvania at the time of his death. 

Mr. Dill came to New Jersey in 1888 and at once 
engaged in the fire and life insurance business; he 
was named by the late John Hinchliffe as private 
secretary to the mayor in 1902, and served in that 
capacity during the fire, floods and labor troubles 
which trinity of disasters made Paterson famous the 
world over. After his retirement from the mayor's 
office on December 31st, 1903, he was named secretary 
of the Passaic River Flood District Commission and 
upon the completion of this work was appointed 
secretary of the Taxpayers' Association of Paterson, 
a civic organization banded together to do the work 
which a Board of Trade would have done, had such 
a body existed in the silk city. He resigned this 
position to become clerk to the Board of Fire and 
Police Commissioners in 1908 and remained with such 
board until December 31st, 1913, when he resigned. 

Mr. Dill was for many years secretary to the Demo- 
cratic Senate Minority and when his party assumed 
control of the Senate, he was unanimously chosen 
by his party as Senate Secretary for the years 1913 
and 1914. He was a member of the Passaic County 
Board of Taxation for four years, serving as president 
during the last three years of his term. Mr. Dill 
resigned from the tax board to assume the duties of 
Assistant Secretary of Slate, to which office he was 
appointed on April 5th, 1915. His term will expire 
in 1920. 

In politics Mr. Dill has always been an ardent 
Democrat and is regarded as one of the best organizers 
within the ranks of his party. His acquaictance is 
State wide. He is at present secretary of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 383 

State Treasurer. 

EDWARD E. GROSSCUP, Wenonah. 

Mr. Grosscup was born in Bridgeton, Cumberland 
county, August 2, 1860, and is a son of the late Charles 
C. and Anna D, Grosscup. The father, Charles C. 
Grosscup, was a member of the Legislature in 1870 
and 1871. 

Mr. Grosscup, the subject of this sketch, has been 
prominent in Democratic politics in New Jersey for 
years. In 1896 he was the candidate of his party in 
Cumberland county for sheriff and in 1898 was the 
Democratic nominee in the same county for State Sen- 
ator against Governor Edward C. Stokes. 

In 1899 Mr. Grosscup changed his residence from 
Cumberland to Gloucester county and in the latter 
county in 1906 was the opponent of ex-Senator J. 
Boyd Avis for the Assembly. In 1908 Mr. Grosscup 
was the Democratic candidate for Congress in the 
first district against Congressman Henry C. Louden- 
slager. For years Mr. Grosscup served as a member 
of the State Board of Education. He Is at present a 
member of the Democratic State Committee, represent- 
ing Gloucester county, and while a resident of Cum- 
berland county served in a similar capacity as rep- 
resentative of that county. 

Mr, Grosscup is extensively engaged in real estate 
operations. Governor Wilson nominated him as a 
member of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes 
on April 20, 1911, for a term of five years and he was 
immediately confirmed by the Senate. 

He resigned that office to assume the duties of State 
Treasurer, for which he was chosen by a joint meet- 
ing of the Legislature held on January 28th, 1913. 
On August 24th, 1911, he was elected Chairman of the 
Democratic State Committee, and he was re-elected in 
September, 1913. He rendered very effective service to 
his party during the Presidential campaign of 1912, 
and in the Gubernatorial campaign of 1913. His term 
as State Treasurer is tliree years, and expires on March 
1st, 1916. His salary is $6,000 per annum. 



384 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Comptroller. 

EDWARD I. EDWARDS, Jersey City. 

Mr. Edwards was born in that part of Jersey City 
then known as the Town of Bergen, on December 1, 
l«t)3. His father and brothers have been prominent 
in the business and political life of Hudson county 
for the past fifty years. He was educated at Public 
School No, 13 and the High school of Jersey City. He 
entered the class of 1884 at the University of the City 
of New York, but left college at the end of his Junior 
year. After spending some time in the law office of 
his brother, he accepted a position in the First National 
Bank of Jersey City, where he remained for seven 
years. Finding that his health was impaired by the 
confining nature of his work at the bank, he left and 
was, for some years, engaged in the general contract- 
ing business of Edwards Brothers. 

In 1898, he entered the service of Jersey City in its 
tax department and was clerk to the Martin Act Com- 
mission, during the busy years of that Board. In 1903, 
at the suggestion of Edward F. C. Young, tlie presi- 
dent, he again entered the bank as an assistant to tlae 
president; shortly afterwards he became cashier and 
a director of this important financial institution, po- 
sitions which he still holds. Mr. Edwards has always 
been a close student of financial and tax questions and 
for years his advice has been in constant demand on 
such matters. He is also connected with a number of 
other banking and business houses. He is a tireless 
worker in his chosen line of work and, while a man of 
determination and conviction, is blessed with the fac- 
ulty of making and keeping friends. 

In politics, a Democrat of the regular stripe, he has 
been, for many years, a member of the Hudson County 
Democratic Committee and active in organization 
work. On February 7, 1911, he was elected by the 
Legislature in joint session as State Comptroller, for 
the term of three years, over Henry J. West, Repub- 
lican. He brought to that office a fine reputation as 
financier and statistician. He was re-elected in 1914, 
His term wall expire in 1917, His salary is $6,000 
per year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 385 

Attorney-General. 

JOHN WESLEY WESCOTT, Camden. 

Mr. Wescott was born at Waterford, N. J., Feb- 
ruary 20th, 1849. He received a common school edu- 
cation under Charles T. Reed, whom he afterward 
succeeded as judge of the Court of Common Pleas 
of Camden county. He served in that office from 
1884 until 1887. At the age of sixteen Mr. Wescott 
entered Wilbraham Academy, Massachusetts, and was 
graduated three years later. Then he entered Yale 
College and spent four years in the classical depart- 
ment and three years in the law department. In 
1872 he was graduated from the former and in 1876 
from the latter. 

In 1876 Mr. Wescott was admitted to the Connecti- 
cut bar; in 1878 was admitted as an attorney, and 
in 1881 as a counselor of the New Jersey bar. He 
began his practice in Camden in 1879 and subse- 
quently was appointed a special master in Chancery. 
He was a Presidental elector on the Cleveland ticket 
in 1892. Mr. W^escott nominated Frank S. Katzenbach 
as a candidate for Governor in opposition to Wood- 
row Wilson at the Democratic convention in 1910, and 
in 1912 as chairman of the New Jersey delegation 
at the Baltimore National Convention nominated 
Woodrow Wilson as a candidate for President of the 
United States. He is a life-long Democrat and a 
member of the Masonic fraternity. 

On January 20th, 1914, Governor Fielder nominated 
Mr. Wescott to the office of attorney-general and he 
was promptly confirmed by the Senate. His term is 
five years and salary $7,000 a year. 



Assistant Attorney-General. 

HERBERT BOGGS, Newark. 

Mr. Boggs was born at Swedesboro, New Jersey. 
He graduated from Rutgers College, and studied law 
with the firm of Parker & Keasbey of Newark; was 
admitted as attorney-at-law in November, 1876, and 
as counselor in November, 1879, Since his admission 
to the bar, he has practiced his profession and re- 

25 



386 BIOGRAPHIES. 

sided in Newark. He was appointed assistant at- 
torney-general in March, 1914, to succeed Nelson B. 
Gaskill. He was city attorney of Newark from April, 
1900, to January, 1903, and again from 1911 until his 
appointment as assistant attorney-general. 



Second Assistant Attorney-General. 

THEODORE BACKES, Trenton. 

Mr. Backes was born in Trenton, N. J., March 10th, 
1873. He studied law with the late Attorney-General 
Stockton, having entered his employ in the attorney- 
general's department in the year 1890. He took 
charge of the attorney-general's department in the 
year 1894, when the late William Y. Johnson was 
compelled to leave the same by reason of illness, 
which resulted in his death the following year. He 
was admitted as an attorney-at-law of the Supreme 
Court in 1898, having previously practiced the art of 
stenography, and was admitted as a counselor-at-law 
in 1903, and has been continuously in the attorney- 
general's department from the time of his first em- 
ployment in the early part of 1890. He was appointed 
second assistant attorney-gjeneral in 1913 by the 
Hon. Edmund Wilson, after the passage of an act of 
the Legislature for that purpose. Under the terms 
of the act under which he was appointed, he has 
no fixed term of office, but is in the exempt class of 
the Civil Service Law. His salary is $4,800 per year. 
Mr. Backes is the youngest of five brothers who are 
members of the bar of this State. 



Adjutant-General. 

WILBUR FISK SADLER, JR., Trenton. 

General Sadler was born in Carlisle, Pa., on No- 
vember 4, 1871. He was educated in the private and 
public schools of Carlisle and at Dickinson College. 
He is president of the Broad Street National Bank, 
Trenton, N. J. He was commissioned Major and Pay- 
master and assigned to the Second Brigade, National 
Guard of New Jersey, July 9, 1908, and was appointed 
Adjutant-General of New Jersey April 15, 1909. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 387 

Q,aarteriua8ter-General. 

C. EDWARD MURRAY, Trenton, 

General Murray was bom in Lambertville, N. J., July 
17th, 1863. He is the only son of J. Howard Murray and 
Wilhelmlna Solliday Murray, and came to Trenton with 
his parents in 18t)5. He received his education at the State 
Model School and the Stewart Business Colleee. In 1883 
he became associated with his father in the mechanical 
rubber manufacturing business. In 1892 he became sole 
proprietor of the business, and to-day has other large 
manufacturing interests. From boyhood he has taken a 
great deal of Interest in affairs of the city of Trenton, as 
well as the Republican party, and in 1894 he was elected 
City Clerk, which offlce he kept until he declined re-elec 
tion In 1904. In 1900 he represented the Second Congres- 
sional District as alternate to the National Republican 
Convention and In 1904 was elected a delegate to represent 
the Fourth Congressional District at the National Repub- 
lican Convention. 

His military career began with his enlistment in Com- 
pany A, Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J.. December 12. 1885. 
On June 30. 1890. the late Brigadier-General William H. 
Skirm, then Colonel of the Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., 
appointed him Paymaster of the Regiment with the rank 
of first lieutenant. On June 30. 1895. he was commissioned 
Captain and Paymaster. On May 2. 1899. he was retired 
under the act reorganizing the National Guard. March 8, 
1905, Governor Edward C. Stokes appointed him Quarter- 
master-General, to succeed the late Brevet Major-General 
Richard A. Donnelly, and was commissioned Brigadier- 
General April 5. 1905. 

General Murray Is one of the best known and most pop- 
ular among the public men of Trenton. He has distin- 
guished himself as a leader of his party and many of Its 
victories in Trenton and Mercer county are mostly to his 
credit. He has a host of friends among people of all 
shades of political opinion, and as an employer of labor he 
stands high In the estimation of wage workers. 



Clerk of the Supreme Court. 

WILI.IAM C. GEBHARDT, Clinton. 
Mr. Gebliardt was born at Croton, Hunterdon county, 
N. J., March 28, 1859, and is a lawyer. He was gradu- 



388 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ated at the Clinton Institute, and was admitted to the 
bar at the June term, 1884, as an attorney, and at the 
June term, 1887, as a counselor. He began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Clinton, N. J., and still retains 
an ofRce there, having one also at 259 Washington 
street, Jersey City. He served as Corporation Coun- 
sel of the town of Clinton for ten years, and as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Education three years. He has 
also filled the position of School Principal. In 1900 he 
was elected to the State Senate by a plurality of 
1,281, in 1906 was again elected by a plurality of 961, 
and in 1909 was re-elected for a third term by a ma- 
jority of 2,237. This was the largest majority ever 
given a Senator in Hunterdon county, and Mr. Geb- 
hardt was the only Senator who was ever elected for 
more than one term in Hunterdon since the adoption 
of the new State Constitution. During his legislative 
career he served on important committees, took an ac- 
tive part in the business of the Senate, and made a 
most creditable record. Governor Wilson appointed 
him to the office of Clerk of the Supreme Court, Febru- 
ary 19th, 1913, to succeed Joseph P. Tumulty, who had 
resigned to become Secretary to the President of the 
United States, and ?.Ir. Gebhardt was at once confirmed 
by the Senate. His term is five years, and salary 
$6,000 per annum. 



Clerk in Chancery. 

ROBERT H. McADAMS, Elizabeth. 

Mr. McAdams was born at Millstone, Middlesex 
county. New Jersey, July 18th, 1874, and is an at- 
torney and counselor-at-law; lie studied law with 
Honorable Frederick C. Marsh at Elizabeth, and is 
a graduate of the New York Law School; was ad- 
mitted to the bar as an attorney November, 1900, 
and as a counselor June, 1909, and began and is still 
actively engaged in the practice of his profession 
at Elizabeth, with offices in the Kean building. He 
has always been actively and prominently identified 
with the Democratic party. He was a candidate for 
state senator from Union county in 1911, and was 
defeated by Senator Carlton B. Pierce. On March 
13th, 1913, he was appointed by Governor Wilson as 
Judge of the Elizabeth District Court, serving until 



BIOGRAPHIES. 389 

April, 1914, when appointed by Governor James F. 
Fielder as clerk in Chancery, succeeding Senator 
Samuel K. Robbins. Judge McAdams' term as clerk 
in Chancery will expire on April 15th, 1919. The 
salary is $6,000. 



Keeper of the State Prison. 

THOMAS B. MADDEN, Trenton. 

Mr. Madden was born at Tuckahoe, Atlantic county 
N. J., April 18th, 1849, and is a son of Hosea F. and 
Catherine (Burch) Madden. The Madden ancestry 
originally came from Ireland, and through ancestral 
marriages the present subject is of Irish, German, 
Holland and. Swedish extraction. 

Mr. Madden is the father of Dr. Walter Madden, 
former sheriff of Mercer county. His . father, Hosea 
F. Madden, was elected sheriff of Atlantic county 
three successive terms and was State Senator from 
that county in lS75-'76-'77. 

Mr. Madden attended the village school at Tucka- 
hoe until he was old enough to assist his father in a 
general merchandise store, where he continued for 
several years and finally became associated in the 
business. At the age of twenty-seven he retired from 
his mercantile pursuits to accept a position as deputy 
keeper in the New Jersey State Prison. Mr. Madden 
has since been a resident of the city of Trenton, 
where he is a member of the Second Presbyterian 
Church, in which he has served as elder and trustee 
for many years. He is also an active member of the 
Masonic fraternity. 

Mr. Madden has been associated continuously with 
the New Jersey State Prison for the past forty 
years, and during that long term of service has occu- 
pied therein every position of importance. Upon the 
death of Parole Agent Henry K. Straley, in February, 
1910, Mr. Madden was appointed to succeed him, and 
was officially commissioned in May, 1910. During his 
occupancy of that office, and on March 15th, 1912, 
Governor Wilson appointed him Principal Keeper of 
the Prison. His appointment was at once confirmed 
by the Senate and he took possession of the office 
three days later. The term of office is five years and 
salary $3,500. 



390 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Liibrarian. 

JOHN P. DULLARD, Trenton. 

Mr. Dullard was born at Hightstown, Mercer county, 
N. J., December 9th, 1861. Early in life he took 
up newspaper work in his native town. In 1885, 
during the first Cleveland administration, he was ap- 
pointed to the Railway Mail Service, which was then 
not under civil service regulations, and was subse- 
quently promoted to be assistant chief clerk in charge 
of the sub-division of the service of which Philadel- 
phia was the central point. Retiring from the Rail- 
way Mail Service in 1889, Mr. Dullard again took up 
newspaper work in Trenton. For the past twenty-two 
years he has been the Trenton representative of the 
Associated Press and also has been connected with 
several Trenton and metropolitan newspapers, largely 
as a political writer. 

In 1899 Mr. Dullard was appointed by Mayor Wel- 
ling G. Sickel a member of the Trenton Board of 
Assessors and served in that office continuously for 
fifteen years, being reappointed by Mayors Frank S. 
Katzenbach, Jr., and Walter Madden and by the new 
City Commission, During most of that time he was 
president of the board and came to be regarded as 
unusually well versed in matters of taxation. He re- 
signed from the Trenton Board of Assessors upon his 
appointment as State Librarian, February 1st, 1914. 

In politics Mr. Dullard is a Democrat and has been 
prominently identified with the affairs of his party. 
He was always a champion of clean politics, and in 
1906 when chairman of the Executive Committee of 
the Mercer County Democratic Committee, he pub- 
lished after the election a sworn statement of the ex- 
penses incurred by the committee during the cam- 
paign. This was five years in advance of the passage 
of any law requiring this to be done. 

Mr. Dullard belongs to a number of fraternal or- 
ganizations. He is Past Grand Knight of Trenton 
Council, Knights of Columbus, and Past State Presi- 
dent of the Ancient Order of Hibernians. 

The term of State Librarian is five years and the 
salary is $3,000 a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 391 

Commissioner of Bankingr and Insurance. 

GEORGE M. LAMONTE, Bound Brook. 

Mr. LaMonte was born at Danville, Va., in 1863, and 
is a paper manufacturer and farmer. He is a graduate 
of Wesleyan University. He has lived in Bound Brook 
over forty years, owns farms in Bridgewater amd 
Warren townships, is president of the corporation of 
George LaMonte & Son, safety paper manufacturers, 
with mills at Nutley, Essex county, N. J., and was 
formerly a director in the First National Bank of 
Bound Brook, He is President of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Bound Brook and a Trustee of the State Home 
for Boys, at Jamesburg, and was also appointed by 
the Legislature in 1912 as a member of the Prison 
Labor Commission. He served as a member of the 
House of Assembly from Somerset county in 1911. Mr. 
LaMonte was a delegate to the Democratic National 
Convention held at Baltimore in 1912, and was a 
strong advocate of the nomination of Governor Wilson 
for the Presidency of the United States. He was 
chosen a Democratic Elector on November 5, 1912. He 
was appointed to his present office by Governor Wil- 
son and assumed its duties on November 1, 1912. 

Mr. LaMonte was nominated for a full term of office 
February 17th, 1913, by Governor Wilson, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. His term expires in 1916, and 
salary $6,000 per annum. 



Commissioner of Public Roads. 

EDWIN AUGUST STEVENS, Hoboken. 

Colonel Stevens was born in Philadelphia, Pa., 
March 14, 1858. He is a son of Edwin Augustus Stev- 
ens, the founder of Stevens Institute of Technology, 
and Martha Bayard Dod, and a great grandson of John 
Stevens, a member of the first Federal Congress. He 
graduated from Princeton in class of 1879 and holds 
an engineering degree from Stevens Institute. 

Colonel Stevens is noteworthy among the represen- 
tative men of New Jersey as a mechanical engineer 
of wide repute and high standing, as well as for his 
prominence in the local affairs of Hudson county. He 



392 BIOGRAPHIES. 

has served as Park Commissioner of that county, Tax 
Commissioner of the city of Hoboken, president of 
the Hoboken Ferry Company and of the New Jersey 
Ice Company, director of the First National Bank of 
Hoboken, and of the Hudson Trust Company, and trus- 
tee of the Stevens Institute. He is president of the 
Hoboken Land and Improvement Company, which, un- 
der his energetic and progressive management has ac- 
complished a great deal in the building up and mate- 
rial development of the community. He was a mem- 
ber of tlie commission to define the boundaries be- 
tween New York and New Jersey, as his great grand- 
father had been a century before. The Colonel de- 
signed the first screw ferry boat, "The Bergen," now 
plj'ing between New York and Hoboken. He is an 
associate member of the Society of Mechanical En- 
gineers and a life member of the association of Naval 
Architects and Marine Engineers. He is a member 
of the Interstate Palisades Park Commission. He was 
in the National Guard for twelve years, for six of 
which he was in command of the Second Regiment. 
He has been president of the Democratic Society of 
New Jersey and served as a member of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee and as presidential elector. 
He was appointed Commissioner of Public Roads by 
Governor Wilson on February 20, 1911, for a term of 
three years. He was reappointed by Governor Fielder 
for another term, which will expire in 1917. His 
salary is $5,000 per annum. 



Coiiiiiii»sioiier Depiirtment of IjHbor. 

(The Bureau of Industrial Statistics is merged with 
this Department.) 

LEWIS T. BRYANT, Atlantic City. 

Colonel Bryant was born In July, 1874, in Atlantic 
county, N. J. He was graduated tz-om the Pennsylvania 
Military College at Chester, Pa., with the degree of civil 
engineer; was admitted to the New Jersey bar In 1898; 
mustered Into the United States Volunteer Army as Cap- 
tain of Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry July 14th; promoted to Major In the same regi- 
ment in the spring of 1899, and was made Assistant In- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 393 

spector General of the National Guard of New Jersey, 
with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, In the spring of 1899, 
which position he stills holds. On January 8th, 1904, the 
Colonel was appointed Inspector of Factories and Work 
shops, to All a vacancy caused by the resignation of John 
C. Ward. The title of the office was changed to that of 
Commissioner of Department of Labor by an act of the 
Legislature, and on March 24th, 1904, the Colonel was ap- 
pointed as such by Governor Murphy, and was confirmed 
by the Senate on the next day for a term of three years, 
at $2,500 a year. In 1907 he was given another term 
by Governor Stokes at a salary of $3,500, and he was 
reappointed by Governor Fort in 1910. On February 
18th, 1913, Governor Wilson appointed the Colonel for 
another term of office. The Colonel served as secretary 
of the New Jersey Commission, Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position, from December 9, 1903, until the end. He is 
identified with the hotel interests in Atlantic City. His 
term is three years, and his salary is $6,000 per annum. 
He served as secretary of the Jamestown Exposition 
Commission. His term will expire September 16th, 
1916. 



Assistant Conimlssioner Department of I<a1)or. 

JOHN L HOLT, Trenton. 

Mr. Holt was born at Hawthorn, a suburb of Paterson, 
December 4, 1851, and is a watchmaker by trade. For 
nearly twenty-five years he carried on the business as a 
dealer in clocks, watches. &c., in the city of Paterson. 
He served as a member of the Board of Education for six 
years and was president of that body during the last two 
years of his term. In 1885 he was elected Alderman from 
the First ward and was re-elected in 1887. In 1888 he was 
president of the Board. Mr. Holt was an Assemblyman 
from Passaic county In 1889 and 1893 and '94. He served as 
Speaker In the latter year, and at the close of the session 
he resigned so as to qualify himself for Riparian Com- 
missioner, in which office he served for five years. He 
was appointed Assistant Commissioner of the Labor De- 
partment in 1905 and re-appointed several times. His 
salary is $3,000 a year. 



394 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Department of Charities and Corrections. 

RICHARD STOCKTON, Trenton. 

Mr. Stockton was born in Princeton, N. J., in 1858; 
the son of John P. Stockton, at one time United States 
Senator, minister to Italy and Attorney-General for 
twenty years. Mr. Stockton attended the famous 
Young- School in Washington, and afterward Columbia 
University in the same city. He was secretary to 
his father during the latter part of his term as United 
States Senator. In 1875 he entered the Navy depart- 
ment in the office of Secretary Robeson, where he 
remained until he resigned and went into business 
in New York City. 

Mr. Stockton remained in New York until President 
Cleveland appointed him Consul to Rotterdam, which 
post he filled for two years and from which he was 
promoted to the diplomatic service ijn charge of 
the legation at The Hague. He returned to the United 
States in 18S8 and married Clemence Finch, daughter 
of George R. Finch of St. Paul, Minn. After his 
wedding he returned to Holland with his wife to 
complete his official duties there. 

When he resigned from the United States diplo- 
matic service, Mr. Stockton again entered the field 
of commerce, and took up a temporary residence in 
Chicago, where lie remained until his return to Tren- 
ton in 3 89S, becoming treasurer of the Mexican Land 
Company. He was associated at this time with his 
father in the office of the Attorney-General, continuing 
in that position under Attorney-General Grey until 
he resigned for the purpose of developing a new gas 
company in Trenton, which was the nucleus of the 
present Public Service Corporation. He was the in- 
troducer of dollar gas in New Jersey. 

Mr. Stockton was named receiver of the Princeton 
Light and Power Company, and later on, receiver 
of the Freehold Light and Power Company, and Ameri- 
can Lamp and Gas Company of Trenton. After set- 
tling the business of these concerns, he associated 
himself with a brokerage firm, since which time he 
has become a partner under the name of Taylor, 
Smith & Hard. 

Mr. Stockton has done some literary work under 
the nom de plume of James Ashley. His story, en- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 395 

titled "From the Grasp of a Title," was a prize win- 
ner in a contest in which the most celebrated authors 
of the day competed. 

He is a member of the American Cross of Honor, 
membership in which organization can only be ob- 
tained by those who have been recognized by the 
United States Government for heroic service. 

His term of office is three years, and will expire 
March 29th, 1918. His salary is $4,000 per annum. 



State Board of Taxes antl Assessment. 

(This Board consolidates the State Board of Assessors 
and the State Board of Equalization of Taxes.) 

LUCIUS T. RUSSELL, President, Elizabeth. 

Mr. Russell was born in Mississippi, November 25th, 
1870, but migrated to Texas immediately upon leaving 
Oxford University, where he finished with a special 
course preparatory for the law. He continued teach- 
ing in the public schools (a means whereby he had 
been enabled to complete his education) for three years 
more, and by mere accident became interested in news- 
paper work. He at once dropped teaching and gave up 
all thought of further pursuing law. He subsequently 
owned daily papers in four States and Territories. 

Mr. Russell is the owner and editor of the Elizabeth 
Evening Times. While always immensely interested 
in public affairs and politics, having aided in develop- 
ing the public utilities commissions and the commis- 
sion form of government for cities in both Texas and 
Oklahoma, Mr. Russell never held or sought public 
office before, with the exception of serving as Secre- 
tary to the President of the Oklahoma Constitutional 
Convention. He was a Wilson-Marshall Presidential 
elector in 1912, and was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Equalization of Taxes by Governor 
Wilson, February 19th, 1913, for a term of five years. 
He was nominated by Governor Fielder as president 
of the new Board of Taxes and Assessments and con- 
firmed by the Senate for a term of three years. It 
expires July 1st, 1918. His salary is $4,000 per annum. 



896 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ISAAC BARBER, Phillipsburg. 

Dr. Barber was born at Forty Fort, Luzerne county, 
Pa., September 4, 1854, and is a physician by profes- 
sion. His father, a native of Warren county, removed 
to his native state in 1858. The doctor received his 
early education in the public scliools, entered Blair 
Presbyterian Academy to prepare for college in 1869, 
Lafayette in 1872, and graduated in 1876. He studied 
medicine under the preceptorship of Professor Traill 
Green, of Easton, Pa., and graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in 1879. He served as Medical 
Referee of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company 
in New York city for one year, located in Phillipsburg 
in Juliy, 1880, and has since continued in the active 
practice of his profession. He has served as City 
Physician and was a member of the Board of Health 
for two years. He was appointed Pension Examining 
Surgeon under the Cleveland administration July 1, 
1893. He was elected to the State Senate in 1896 by a 
plurality of I.ISQ over Cramer, Republican, and served 
a full term of three years, and in 1902 he was elected 
for another term by a plurality of 749 over William 
R. Laire, the Republican candidate. In 1912 he was 
nominated by Governor Wilson as a member of the 
State Board of Assessors for a term of four years, and 
was promptly confirmed by the Senate. Upon the 
creation of the new Board of Taxes and Assessment 
he was nominated as a member for a three-year term 
by Governor Fielder and was confirmed by the Senate. 
His term of office expires July 1st, 1918, and his 
salary is $3,000 per annum. 

FRANK B, JESS. President, Haddon Heights. 

Mr. Jess was born in Philadelphia, Pa., November 3d, 
1870, and Is a lawyer by profession. He began news- 
paper work as a reporter in 1887, subsequently went 
to Philadelphia as news editor of "The Call," since 
suspended, then became successively news editor 
Washington correspondent and financial editor of 
"The Bulletin." He was admitted to the New Jersey 
Bar in 1897, having studied law under the supervision 
of his brother, the late William H. Jess. He was a 
member of Council of the borough of Haddon Heights 
from Its incorporation. In 1904, to January 1st, 1906, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 397 

and of the Board of Education of Haddon township 
from 1902 till the organization of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Haddon Heights in 1904, and is still a member 
of the latter board. At present he is Solicitor of the 
borough of Haddon Heights. Mr. Jess served two 
terms, 1907-1908, as an Assemblyman from Camden 
county, and in the latter year he was speaker, when 
he won high commendation as a presiding officer. He 
was appointed Chief Examiner of the Civil Service 
Board on May 8, 1908, and served in that capacity 
until April 16, 1909, when he was nominated and con- 
firmed as a member of the State Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes. He was appointed president of the 
board in 1910, to succeed Carl Lentz, for a term of five 
years. In 1915 he was re-appointed, and vipon the 
creation of the new Board of Taxes and Assessment 
Mr. Jess was appointed a member and confirmed by 
the Senate for a term of two years at a salary of 
$3,000 per annum. His term' expires July 1st, 1917. 

FREDERIC A. GENTIEU, Pennsgrove. 

Frederic A. Gentieu was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
February 10th, 1872. At the age of six he moved with 
his father to Wilmington, Del. He was educated in the 
public schools of said city, after which he took up the 
study of carpentry and architecture, finishing his 
course with Joseph Seeds & Son, of Wilmington, Del. 

In 1891 he accepted the position of Supervising Fore- 
man of the erection of the first smokeless powder plant 
built in the United States by the E. I. du Pont de 
Nemours Powder Company, at Carney's Point, N. J. 
He continued in this position until 1899, when he ac- 
cepted a position in tlie chemical laboratory at this 
plant, to study chemistry and the manufacture of gun- 
cotton and smokeless powder under the personal in- 
struction of the Messrs. du Pont. He continued in 
this department until 1905, when he accepted a posi- 
tion as Assistant Superintendent of the above works, 
which position he still continues to hold. 

In politics he has always been a Republican, and 
cast his first vote in Penns Grove for the incorporation 
of the borough in 1894. He has always taken an ac- 
tive interest in borough affairs, and was largely in- 
strumental for the introduction of the high school de- 
partment in the borough. 



398 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He was elected to the Board of Education, and 
served two terms from March 17th, 1903, to March 17th, 
1908, and was President of the board for three years, 
from March 27th, 1905. 

He ran for Mayor of the borough on the Republican 
ticket in 1907, and was elected. In 1909 he ran to 
succeed himself, and was again elected by an increased 
majoritj'. 

He is a Past State Commander of the Sons of Vet- 
erans of New Jersey; Past Camp Commander of Camp 
33, Sons of Veterans; Past District President of the 
Patriotic Order Sons of America; Past President of 
Camp No, 47, P. O. S. of A.; Past Master of Penns 
Grove Lodge, No. 162, Free and Accepted Masons; a 
member of the Knights of the Golden Eagle and other 
organizations. He is also President of the Penns 
Grove Progressive Club. 

In 1908 he was an Alternate Delegate representing 
the First Congressional district at the Republican 
Convention at Chicago. He had always been a Re- 
publican until 1912, when he joined the ranks of the 
Progressive (Roosevelt) party. At the primaries of 
1913 he was elected State Committeeman representing 
Salem county in the Progressive (Roosevelt) party. 

He served as a member of the old Board of Asses- 
sors, having been appointed in 1913, until July 1st, 
1915, when he became a member of the new Board of 
Taxes and Assessment. Governor Fielder appointed 
him to the latter board for a term of two years. His 
salary is $3,000 per annum. His term expires in 1917. 

GEO. T. BOUTON, Jersey City. 

Mr. Bouton is the surviving son of John J. and Jean 
Eraser Bouton. He was born in the Bergen section of 
Jersey City, November 24th, 1854, and has since resided 
continuously in that city. He received his education at 
home, in the public schools and at Hasbrouck Institute, 
graduating in 1869, in which year we was apprenticed 
to learn the trade of engraving on wood, and served 
the term of his apprenticeship. Mr, Bouton first en- 
tered municipd life in the year 1878, when he was ap- 
pointed to the tax department of his city, and later to 
the then Board of Public Works. In 1885 he resigned 
to accept a position with the State Board of Assessors, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 399 

who were at that time engaged in preparing the first 
plan for railroad assessments. On the completion of 
this work Mr. Bouton entered the office of the Surro- 
gate of Hudson county, remaining until the year 1889, 
when he became Chief Clerk of the Board of Street and 
Water Commissioners of Jersey City. In this latter 
position Mr. Bouton served uninterruptedly through 
different political administrations until July 1, 1911, 
when he voluntarily retired. Most of the principal im- 
provement laws under which Jersey City is now work- 
ing were framed by him, while his knowledge of mat- 
ters of water supply and distribution, of municipal 
laws and customs, and of municipal problems generally 
is such that he is often consulted by those in authority. 
Mr. Bouton was, in April, 1876, and at the age of 
twenty-one years, wedded to Miss Mary P. Van Horn, 
of Jersey City, whicla union has been blessed by the 
birth of two sons. In politics Mr. Boaton is a Demo- 
crat. He was appointed to the Board of Equalization 
of Taxes by Acting Governor Fielder in the year 
1913, for a term of five years. Governor Fielder ap- 
pointed Mr. Bouton a member of the New Board of 
Taxes and Assessment for a term of one year be- 
ginning July 1st, 1915, and he was confirmed by the 
Senate. His salary is $3,000 per annum. His term 
expires in 1916. 

FRANK D. SCHROTH, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Schroth was born in Trenton, October 18th, 
1884, and has always resided there. He is a son of 
the late Assemblyman, John Schroth, and like his 
father, has always been actively interested in public 
aft'airs. Mr. Schroth is a newspaper man l)y profes- 
sion, having been connected with the Trenton True 
American while a morning paper, correspondent for 
several out of town papers, and general legislative 
reporter for the Trenton Evening Times up to the 
timie of his appointment as Secretary of the State 
Board of Taxes and Assessment. Mr. Scliroth was 
secretary to Proseciitor A. M. Beekman of Somerset 
county wihen the latter was Speaker of tlie House of 
Assembly, dtiring the session of 1914. Later lie was 
appointed State Supervisor of Census by the late 
David S. Crater, Secretary of State, and was retained 



400 BIOGRAPHIES. 

in that position by Secretary of State Thomas F. 
Martin, until the work was recently completed. Mr. 
Schroth was appointed secretary on December 14th, 
1915, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Irvine 
E. Maguire. 

FRANK A. O'CONNOR, Clerk and Field Secretary, 
AYest Orange. 

Mr. O'Connor was born in the city of New York, Au- 
gust 25th, 1867, and is a master plumber. He was 
graduated at St. John's School, Orange, N. J. He was 
Town Assessor, 1894 to 1904; Collector, 1904 to 1912 in- 
clusive, and was again re-elected in 1912. He was the 
first Assessor to tax gas, water, telephone, trolley and 
other public service corporations and advocate right of 
way and franchise taxes, and first Assessor to make 
inspection of New York city tax rolls and discover 
liundreds of thousands of dollars being sworn off in 
that city by men giving New Jersey as their legal resi- 
dence, wliere they had only summer homes, and paid, 
in many cases, not even a poll tax, with the result of 
adding such sums to New Jersey ratables. 

Mr. O'Connor has been a life long Democrat, and for 
many years served on the State Committee list of 
speakers. He was an Alternate Delegate to the Na- 
tional Democratic Convention at Denver in 1908, from 
the Ninth Congressional district. He was appointed 
clerk of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes in 
April, 1913, and served in that office until July 1st, 
1915, when he became Field Secretary of the New 
Board of Taxes and Assessment. 



Board of Public Utility Commissioners. 

(This Board succeeds the Board of Railroad Com- 
missioners according to an act of the Legislature ap- 
proved March 24, 1910.) 

RALPH W. E. DONGES, President, Camden. 

Captain Donges, born at Donaldson, Pa., May 5th, 
1875, is a son of Dr. John W. Donges and Rose M. 
Donges, and a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
in a private school and Rugby Academy, from which 



BIOGRAPHIES. 401 

he was graduated in 1892, He read law with Hon. 
John W. Wescott, was admitted as an attorney at the 
February term, 1897, and as a counselor at the Febru- 
ary term, 1900. Since his admission he has practiced 
law in Camden, N. J. He was elected Second Lieu- 
tenant of Company C, Third Regiment N. J. N. G., in 
1900; First Lieutenant in 1902, First Lieutenant and 
Battalion Adjutant in 1903, and was Captain and Quar- 
termaster of the Third Regiment from 1905 to 1913. 

The Captain was appointed a member of the Board 
of Public Utility Commissioners by Governbr Wilson 
on February 19th, 1913, for a term of six years. He 
took his seat on tlae board on May 1st, and was then 
elected President. His term will expire in 1919, and 
his salary is $7,500 per annum. 

JOHN J. TREACY, Jersey City. 

Judge Treacy was born in Jersey City, N. J., forty- 
two years ago. He was graduated from St. Peter's 
College, that city, in 1891, attended the New York Law 
School the following year, and received the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws in 1894. The ensuing November he 
was admitted to the New Y''ork Bar, became associated 
with the law firm of Reed, Simpson, Thacher & Bar- 
num, of whicli the late Speaker Thomas B. Reed was 
the head, and remained witli that firm for several 
years. He was admitted to tlie New Jersey Bar in 
1901, and has practiced his profession ever since in 
Jersey City. The Judge was a member of the House 
of Assembly in 1902-'03, and in the latter year he was 
the leader of the Democratic minority. He was ap- 
pointed Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals by 
Governor Wilson on December 8th, 1911, to fill a 
vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge Mark A. 
Sullivan. On Januarj^ 29tli, 1912, the Judge was nomi- 
nated for a full term of office and was duly confirmed 
by the Senate. He resigned the Judgeship in Feb- 
ruary, 1913. He was nominated by Governor Fielder 
as a member of the Board of Public Utility Com- 
missioners on April 6th, 1914, to fill a vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Winthrop More Daniels, and was 
promptly confirmed by the Senate. His term will 
expire May 1st, 1917. His salary is $7,500 a year. 

26 



402 BIOGRAPHIES. 

JOHN WEBLEY SLOCUM, Long Branch. 

Judge Slocum was born April 23d, 1867, at Long 
Branch, N. J., and he has always made that city 
his home. The name of his ancestor, John Slocum, 
appears in the old records May, 1668, as one of the 
associate patentees of Monmouth county. He was ad- 
mitted to practice as an attorney-at-law of this State 
in June, 1888, and as counselor four years later. Mr. 
Slocum served as city solicitor of Long Branch for 
eight years and was elected Senator from Monmouth 
county in November, 1911. He was chosen president 
of the Senate for the session of 1914, and sworn in 
as acting governor of the State during Governor Field- 
er's western trip in June of that year. 

He is a member of the American Bar Association, 
the New Jersey Bar Association, Trustee of the Mon- 
mouth County Bar Association and a member of the 
Monmouth County Historical Association. He is also 
a large stockholder in the Long Branch Daily Record 
and the president of that corporation. 

At the expiration of his term as Senator, Governor 
James F. Fielder appointed him Judge of the Mon- 
mouth Common Pleas Court. He resigned this po- 
sition May 1st, 1915, to accept the appointment on the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners. In politics 
he is a Democrat and his term will expire May 1st, 
1921. His salary is $7,500 a year. 

ALFRED N. BARBER, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Barber was born in Lambertville, N. J., May 
19th, 1867. In 1884 he entered the employ of the New 
Jersey Steel and Iron Company, working for that com- 
pany until it became absorbed by the American Bridge 
Company, when he resigned as contracting agent to 
accept a position in the sales department of John A. 
Roebling's Sons Company. He worked in the office 
of the City Clerk of Trenton from April, 1880, to July, 
1884, and served as an Assemblyman from Mercer 
county for three years — 1905, '06 and "07 — and during 
the latter year was Republican leader. Mr. Barber 
was appointed secretary of the Board of Railroad 
Commissioners soon after the creation of that board, 
in 1907. His salary is $4,000. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 403 

State Civil Service Commission. 

COL. ALEXANDER ROBERT FORDYCE, JR., 
President, West Orange. 

Colonel Fordyce was born in New York city, Febru- 
ary 13, 1875. He was educated at Stevens High School 
and Rutgers Grammar Scliool, graduated from Prince- 
ton University, 1896, from New York Law School, 1898, 
and was admitted to the New York bar as counsellor- 
at-law the latter year. He was elected a member (Re- 
publican) of the New Jersey House of Assembly for 
two terms, 1904 and 1905, and was a candidate for the 
nomination for Senator in 1906. He is a former mem- 
ber and non-commissioned officer of the Essex Troop, 
Cavalry. 

The Colonel was appointed by Governor Stokes on 
April 14, 1905, Deputy Quartermaster-General of New 
Jersey, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and by 
Governor Wilson on June 5, 1911, Assistant Commis- 
sary-General, with the rank of colonel. On March 20, 
1912, he was appointed by Governor Wilson a member 
of the Civil Service Commission for a term of four 
years, and he was duly confirmed by the Senate. His 
salary is $2,500 per annum. 

JOSEPH S. HOFF, Princeton. 

Mr. HofC was born in Princeton, Mercer county, De- 
cember 8, 1867. He graduated from St. Paul's paro- 
chial school in 1881 and from the Princeton high 
school in 1883. Afterward he took a two-year course 
in a business college at Trenton. Following this Mr. 
Hoff entered the employ of A. S. Leigh, one of Prince- 
ton's leading business men, wlio conducted a whole- 
sale and retail market, where Mr. HofC served first 
as clerk, then as manager, until five years ago, when 
he purchased the business, which he still owns. 

Mr. HofC served Princeton borough as collector and 
treasurer for nine years, serving so satisfactorily to 
the people during liis first term that he was twice re- 
elected without opposition. Twice, in 1902 and 1905, 
Mr. Hoff was the candidate of his party for sheriff of 
Mercer county, and although the county Is strongly 
Republican, he was defeated in each instance by only 
a small plurality. Mr. HofC, who is a Democrat, has 



404 BIOGRAPHIES. 

always been active in politics and since 1906 has been 
chairman of the Mercer County Democratic Commit- 
tee. He was elected a member of the Democratic State 
Committee in 1913. 

Mr. Hoff is prominently identified with the affairs 
of Princeton. He is a member of the Princeton Board 
of Health, Mercer Engine Company, of Princeton's 
volunteer fire department, a director of First Na- 
tional Bank of Princeton and of tlie Princeton Savings 
Bank, and is a director and treasurer of the Princeton 
Ice Company. He is a member of St. Paul's Church 
of Princeton. 

Mr. HofC was appointed Civil Service Commissioner 
by Governor Woodrow Wilson on May 8th, 1911, for a 
full term of four years, and in 1915 he was given 
anotlier term by Governor Fielder. His* salary is 
$2,000 a year. 

EDWARD HENRY WRIGHT, Newark. 

Mr. Wright was born in Newark, N. J., February 13th, 
1873, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
at St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., from 1885 to 1890, 
and entered the Princeton class of 1894. He studied 
law in the office of McCarter, Williamson & McCarter, 
Newark, and the New York Law School, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar of New Jersey, June 21st, 1897. He 
is the grandson of the late United States Senator Wil- 
liam Wright, of New Jersey, and Steven Thomas Ma- 
son, first Governor of Michigan, and is the son of the 
late Colonel Edward H. Wright, aid on the staff of the 
late Generals Winfield Scott and George B. McClellan. 
He was a member of the House of Assembly in 1907, 
and made a good record as a legislator. Governor Wil- 
son appointed Mr. Wright a Civil Service Commissioner 
on February 17th, 1913, for a term of four years. He 
succeeded Colonel James Rankin Mullikin, of Newark, 
on May 8th. His salary is $2,000 per annum. 

GEORGE H. BURKE, Paterson. 

Mr. Burke was born in Paterson, N. J., February 
29th, 1868. He received his education in the Public 
and St. John's Parochial Schools. At an early age 
he entered the law oflSce of Louis V. Harold, as clerk, 
and later began a newspaper career at the office of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 405 

the Paterson Daily Guardian. Following that he be- 
came city editor of the Paterson Evening News and 
then came a nine years service on the Paterson Press 
while former Secretary of State George Wurts was 
editor-in-chief and one of the publishers. It was 
while on the latter publication that he was appointed, 
on July 8th, 1901, to the position of Division Deputy 
Internal Revenue Collector for the 6th District of New 
Jersey, comprising the counties of Passaic, Bergen 
and Sussex, with headquarters at Paterson. Mr. 
Burke is one of the founders of the Pica Club, the 
newspaper writers' organization of Northern New Jer- 
sey and has been treasurer of that organization since 
its inception. He is a member of the Hamilton Club, 
Paterson Lodge of Elks and numerous other local 
organizations and has always taken an active interest 
in the political and social life of the city. He was 
the Republican nominee for Congress in the old 6th 
District of New Jersey in 1906. He was appointed a 
member of the Civil Service Commission by Governor 
James F. Fielder on May 9th, 1914. His salary is 
$2,000 a year and his term will expire in 1918. 

GARDNER COLBY, Secretary and Chief Examiner, 
East Orange. 

Mr. Colby was born at East Orange, N. J., September 
12, 1864. His father was Gardner R. Colby, who was a 
candidate for the nomination of the Republican party 
for Governor in 1886, but was defeated by Benjamin F. 
Howey. He was graduated from Brown University, in 
the class of 1887, with the degree of A.B., and later 
received the degree of A.M. While in college he was a 
member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society and the Alpha 
Delta Phi fraternity. 

After graduation he went into the dry goods com- 
mission business with his father, and upon his father's 
death became associated with his uncle, the late 
Charles L. Colby, in extensive railroad, manufacturing 
and real estate enterprises, in the West. Since his con- 
nection with the Civil Service work he has severed his 
business connections. He is a trustee of Brown Univer- 
sity and Colgate University. His salary is $4,000 per 
annum. 



406 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Board of Education. 

JOSEPH S. FRELINGHUYSEN, President, Raritan. 

President Frelinghuysen was born March 12th, 1869, 
at Raritan, N. J., and has always made that town his 
home. His ancestor,' Rev. Tlieodorus Jacobus Fre- 
linghu^-sen, came from Holland in 1720 and was the 
pioneer in establishing the Reformed Dutch Church in 
New Jersey. Major-General Frederick Frelinghuysen, 
who served with great distinction in the Revolutionary 
war, and who was a member of the Continental Con- 
gress, was his great grandfather. General John Fre- 
linghuysen, an officer in the war of 1912, was his 
grandfather. Theodore Frelinghuysen, United States 
Senator, Chancellor of the University of New York, 
and candidate for Vice-President with Henry Clay on 
the Whig ticket, was a great uncle. His father, 
Frederick John Frelinghuysen, was a prominent lawyer 
and closely identified with the political and religious 
life of Somerset county. 

President Frelinghuysen's inclination for and ac- 
tivity in public affairs is a natural heritage. Forced 
by stress of circumstances to surrender his natural 
inclination for a college education, he, after preparing 
for college at the Somerville Grammar school, ob- 
tained employment as clerk in a fire insurance office, 
and has since that time built up a business in New 
York City which is recognized as one of the foremost 
general agencies in the country, representing nearly 
a score of large and profitably conducted fire insurance 
companies. 

President Frelinghuysen served eight years in Troop 
3, Squadron A Cavalry, New York, and rose to the 
position of Second Lieutenant. At the outbreak of 
the Spanish-American war he went to the front, as 
Second Lieutenant of the troop formed from that or- 
ganization. For special services rendered in that 
campaign he was recommended to the President by 
Brigadier-General Guy V. Henry, his commanding of- 
ficer, for promotion to Brevet First Lieutenant for 
zealous and efficient services in Porto Rico. 

He served several years as chairman of the Somerset 
County Republican Executive Committee. In 1902, he 
made his first campaign for political honors as a 
candidate for State Senator and under the most ad- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 407 

verse conditions "was defeated by Samuel S. Childs, 
Democrat, by a small plurality. In 1905, he was 
again nominated for the same position against the 
same opponent, and was elected by a plurality of 1,056, 
and in 1908, he was re-elected to the Senate, over 
Colonel Nelson Y! Dungan, Democrat. During his 
career as Senator he has always taken a prominent 
part in legislation. He was the father of the famous 
Frelinghujsen Automobile law, generally recognized 
as one of the most efficient enactments on the subject 
yet passed in this country. He has also secured the 
enactment of many acts of especial benefit to the 
agricultural industry of the State. He was instru- 
mental in having the live stock commission created 
and w^hile serving on a special commission to investi- 
gate the school system secured knowledge which he 
later utilized in framing various bills for the thorough 
re-organization of the school system. He was one of 
the special committee who drafted the present Civil 
Service law, and in 1909, he served as chairman of 
the Special Committee on Finance, also other impor- 
tant committees and in other years he held influential 
assignments in the preparation of legislation. 

He was party leader on the floor of the Senate in 

1909, and upon the resignation of President Robbins 
he was unanimously elected as his successor in the 
chair. He was re-elected President of the Senate in 

1910, During the absence of Governor Fort from the 
State in those years. President Frelinghuysen, by vir- 
tue of his position, served as Acting Governor. 

He was chosen President of the State Board of 
Agriculture in 1912, and still holds that position. Upon 
the creation of tlie New State Board of Education in 

1911, Governor Wilson appointed Mr. Frelinghuysen 
a member of that body for a term of two years, an^ 
in 1913 he was given a full term of eight years. He 
became President of the board in 1915. 

President Frelinghuysen is active in social and 
philanthropic enterprises; is a member of the New 
York Chamber of Commerce; N. J. State Chamber of 
Commerce; Down Town Association; Raritan Valley 
Grange No. 153; the Union League Club, of New York; 
of the Somerville Board of Trade; Solomon's Lodge 
No. 46, F. and A, M. ; Somerville Lodge No. 885, B. 
P. O. E., Plainfield, and is trustee of the Somerset 
hospital. 



408 BIOGRAPHIES. 

COL. D. STEWART CRAVEN, Salem. 

Col. Craven was born on a farm near St. Georges, 
Delaware, February 20th, 1873. The family is of 
Scotch Presbyterian ancestry. He was educated in the 
public schools of Salem (to whicli city his parents 
moved in 1880), at the Lawirenceville Academy, Law- 
renceville, N, J., and at the Virginia Military Institute, 
Lexington, Va. 

The Salem. Glass Works w<ere founded by a relative 
of Col. Craven's, in partnership with two other busi- 
ness men of the city, in 1863, and Col. Craven begun 
his business career with this industry in 1892. He 
is now the vice-president, having m^anaged; in^ turn, 
every department of the extensive businiess'. 

The plant of the Salem Glass Company is counted 
among the most important in the glass industry, 
havinig over TOO employes and has been noted by the 
absence of friction between the employer and' em- 
ployes. Always retaining his love for farming, he 
purchased his first farm in 1907 and is now president 
of the Oakdale Farms- Company, operating five large 
farms in Salem county along the most up-to-diate lines 
of management and cultivation. He is a member of 
the Patrons of Husbandiry, being conmected with 
Salem Grange, P. of H. 

In 1899, General W. J. Sewell, Division Commander 
of the National Guard' of N. J., appointed' Mr. Craven 
a member of his staff with the rank of major. In 
1905, he was appointed assistant quartermaster-general 
with the rank of colon^el, which position h.e still holds 
and in which he has rendered the State most efficient 
service. 

In 1911, Governor Woodrow Wilson appointed him 
a mem.ber of the new State Board of Education for 
five years, this board being charged with the impor- 
tant duty of inaugurating the new system of public 
instruction and public school management. 

Col. Craveni was an ardent supporter of, and active 
worker for, Governor Wilson as a candidate for the 
presidency at the Baltimore convention. He was 
appointed a member of the State Board of Education 
in 1911 by Governor Wilson and his term expires 
July 1st, 1916. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 40S 

JOHN P. MURRAY, Jersey City. 

Mr. Murray was born in Jersey City, in 1872. In 
1891 he was graduated from St. Peter's College, Jer- 
sey City, in which city he resides. In 1893 he was 
graduated from the New" York Law School and ad- 
mitted to the New York bar. Since then he has 
practicedi law in New York City. He was counsel to 
the Senate School Investigation Committee and drafted 
the lawisi for the re-organization of the State School 
system. He was also counsel for the Economy and 
Efficiency Commission and drafted th.e laws for the 
consolidation andi re-org-anization of the various State 
departments. He is a Democrat in politics. 

He w^as appointed! a member of the State Board of 
Education, in 1911, and in 191'2 was re-appointed for 
a term of eig^ht years. His term expires in 1920. 

EDMUND BURKE OSBORNE, Montclair. 

Mr. Osborne was born in Manchester, Iowa, in 1865, 
and was educated in public schools andi in Simpson 
College, Iowa, He engaged in newspaper work in 
Red Oak, Iowa, for several years after leaving- col- 
lege, and foundied there, in 1889, the Osborne Com- 
pany, with which ten years later he moved to Newark. 

Mr, Osborne is president of the Osborne Company, 
manufacturers of art calendars, with works in New- 
ark, and' of the American Colortype Company, art 
color printers, of New York and Chicago. 

He was married in 1887 to Miss Jessie Graham. 
They reside in Montclair with their two sons, Andrew 
G, and Edmund Burke, Jr. 

He has been active in politics for a number of 
years. He was associated with the "New^ Idea" move- 
ment im the Republican party, and in 1910 was elected 
president of the Progressive Republican League of 
New Jersey, In 1912 he was a delegate to the Re- 
publican National Convention. He left the Repub- 
lican party, with other Roosevelt supporters, and was 
a deleg-ate to the National Progressive Convention in 
August. In 1915 he announced his return to the 
Republican party, 

Mr, Osborne was appointed a member of the State 
Board of Education by President Wilson in 1911. 
His term expires in 1917. 



410 BIOGRAPHIES. 

MELVIN A, RICE, Leonardo, Monmouth Co. 

Mr. Rice was born in New York State, August 13tli, 
1871. He was graduated from' the State Normal Scliool 
at Cortland in. June, 1890. He is president of Donald 
W. MacLeod & Company, importers of flax and jute, 
690 Broadway, New York City. Mr, Rice was ap- 
pointed in 1911 by Governor Wilson, a member of the 
State Board of Education, and his term will expire 
in' 1919. 

JOHN CHARLES VAN DYKE, New Brunswick. 

Dr. Van Dyke, university professor, was born^ in 
New Brunswick, N. J., April 21st, 1856; son of Judge 
John and Mary Dix (Strong) Van Dyke; studied at 
Columbia; studied art in Europe many j'ears, and 
L. H. D., Rutgers, 1889; unmarried. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1877, but never practiced; Librarian, 
Sage Library, New Brunswick, since 1878, and Pro- 
fessor of History of Art, Rutgers, since 1889. Is 
lecturer at Columbia, Harvard and Princeton; a mem- 
ber of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. 
Author of "Books and How to Use Them," "Principles 
of Art," "How to Be Judge of a Picture," "Art For 
Art's Sake," "History of Painting," "Oldi Dutch and 
Flemish Masters," "Modern French Masters," "Nature 
For It's Own Sake," "The Desert," "Old English Mas- 
ters, With Coles' Engravings," "The Meaning of Pic- 
tures," "The Opal Sea," "Studies in Pictures," "The 
Money God," "The New New York," "What Is Art?," 
"New Guides to Old Masters;" Editor of "College His- 
tories of Art," "History of American Art, ' "The 
Studio," 1883-1884, "American Art Review," "Inter- 
national Quarterly," etc. 

He was appointed' a member of the State Board of 
Education in 1911 and his term expires in 1918. 

THOMAS WHITNEY SYNNOTT, Wenonah, 

Mr. Synnott was born; at Glassboro, N, J., in 1845. 
He is a son. of Myles Synnott, M.D., and Harriet 
Heston Whitney Synnott, and was ediucated in' the 
public schools and West Jersey Academy. Engaged 
in glass manufacturing at Glassboro in 1865, in con- 
nection with the Whitney Glass Works, and became 
the first president of the com'pany when it was later 



BIOGRAPHIES. 411 

incorporated'. He retained this position until 1892 
when he retired frona active business to devote his 
energies to benevolent work. He is still one of the 
largest stockholders in the company. (The glass 
works at Glassboro were acquired by Colonel Thomas 
Heston, the great-grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch, at the close of the Revolutionary War, and 
lonig known as Heston's Glassworks. Later the name 
was changed to .Whitney Glass Works.) 

Mr., Synnott is a trustee of Lincoln University, of 
Keswick Colony, School for Christian Workers, presi- 
dent of Board of Trustees of Princeton Theological 
Seminary, member of Boardi of Aid for Colleges of 
the Presbyterian Church, and of the Board of Pub- 
lication and Sabbath School Work of the Presbyterian 
Church, and Executive Committee of the World's S. 
S. Work; of the National Institute of Social Sciences 
and of the National Economic League and of the Union 
League of Philadelphia. He is treasurer of the Inter- 
Church Federation of New Jersey; vice-president of 
the New Jersey State S, S. Asso. and of the Lord's 
Day Alliance of the United States and president of 
the Lord's Day Alliance of New Jersey; president of 
the Firsit National Bank of Glassboro, N. J., and di- 
rector in numerous corporations. 

In politics, a Republican. Has never held political 
office. He was appointed a member of the State 
B'oard of Ediucation by Governor Fielder and' his 
term expires July 1st, 1923. 

EDGAR HOWARD STURTEVANT, Edgewater. 

Mr. Sturtevant was born in Jacksonville, 111., March 
7th, 1875. He was educated in the public schools of 
the samie town and later in Whipple Academy and 
Illinois College. He received the degree of A.B. from 
Indiana University in 1898, and the degree of Ph.D. 
from the University of Chicago in 1901. He has taught 
ini Maryville College, the University of Missouri, and 
Indiana University, and since 1907 in Columbia Uni- 
versity, where he is now assistant professor of Classi- 
cal Philology. He has lived in Edgewater, Bergen 
county, since June, 1908. 

Governor Fielder appointed Mr. Sturtevant as a 
Democratic member of the State Board of Education 
in 1914. His term will end in 1922. 



412 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Coinmissioner of Education. 

CALVIN N. KENDALL, Trenton. 

Mr. Kendall was born in Augusta, N, T., February 
8th, 1858, He was graduated from Hamilton College 
with the degree of A.B. in 1882. He has received the 
following honorary degrees: A.M. from Yale in 1900, 
and from the University of Michigan in 1909; Litt.D. 
from Hamilton College in 1911, and from Rutgers 
College in 1912; and LL.D. from New York University 
in 1913. 

As an educator, Mr. Kendall has had a long and suc- 
cessful career. He was a teacher in the rural schools 
of New York State for two years; principal of the 
Jackson High School, Jackson, Mich., 1885 to 1886; 
superintendent of schools in Jackson, 1886 to 1890; 
superintendent of schools, Saginaw, Mich., 1890 to 
1892; superintendent of schools, New Haven, Conn., 
1895 to 1900; superintendent of schools, Indianapolis, 
and a member of the State Board of Education, In- 
diana, 1900 to July, 1911. 

In addition to the positions already mentioned, Mr. 
Kendall has been a lecturer at the summer schools of 
the following universities: Chicago, Indiana, Wiscon- 
sin, Columbia, Iowa, Illinois and California. He has 
been' president of the Connecticut Council of Educa- 
tion; president of the Connecticut State Teachers' 
Association; president of the Southern Indiana Teach- 
ers' Association, and president of Indiana State Teach- 
ers' Association. He was also a member of the com- 
mission of three appointed by the United States Com- 
missioner of Education to investigate and report upon 
the Baltimore schools during the spring of 1911. 

Mr. Kendall has been offered the superintendency 
of the schools of Washington, Louisville, Rochester 
and Springfield (Mass.), and since coming to New Jer- 
sey he has twice been offered the superintendency of 
the schools of Detroit. 

He was appointed to his present office by Governor 
Wilson, on July 14th, 1911. The term of office is five 
years and the salary $10,000 a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 413 

State Department of Health. 

WILLIAM H. CHEW, President, Salem. 

Mr, Chew was born in. Camden, September 18th, 
1'871, and' is the eldest son of the late Sinniekson 
Ch©w. He received his educationi in the private 
schools ini Camden and at Rugby Academy, Phila- 
diel'p'hia. In 1890' he engaged in business with his 
father in the publication of the West Jersey Press 
at Camiden and the Standard at Salem. He has con- 
tinued in the printing and publishing business ever 
since, being president of the Sinniekson Chew & Sons 
Coimpany, of Camden, and the Standard and' Jersey- 
man Company, of Salem. 

Mr, Chew has been .connected with the New Jersey 
National Guard since 1908, serving first as captain 
and paymaster of the Third Infantry, then assistant 
paymaster-general, and at present under the re-organi- 
zation of the guard as major and disbursing officer, 
Quartermiaster Corps, 

Mr, Chew was cbosen the first secretary of the 
New Jersey Forest Park Reservation Commission. In 
1907 he was appointed by Governor Stokes a member 
of the State Sewerage Commission and when that 
Commission w^as merged with the State Board of 
Health in 1908, he was appointed by Governor Fort 
to that board, and served until July 1st, 1915, being 
vice-president of the board for the last two years of 
his term, Mr. Chew has for many years taken an 
active interest in public health work and is a member 
of a number of societies, Wheji the present De- 
partment of Health was created Mr, Chew was ap- 
pointed to it by Governor Fielder and when the board 
organized he was elected president of the department. 
His term will expire July 1st, 1916. 

i 
MOSES NELSON BAKER, Ph.D., C.E., Vice-President, 
Upper Montclair. 

Mr. Baker was born at Enosburg, Vt., January 26th, 
1864. He was educated in Enosburg district school, 
Craftsbury Academy, North Craftsib.ury, Vt., and Uni- 
versity of Vermont, Burlington, Vt., Class of '86. 
Was a member of Township Committee, Montclair, 
1893, 1894; member, 1894-1916, and president, 1904- 



414 BIOGRAPHIES. 

1915, Montclair Board of Health, associate editor, 
1887-1908, and has been editor since 1908 of "Engi- 
neering- News," New York City; is ed'itor "The 
Manual of American T\^ater-"W^orks," 1888-1897; "The 
Municipal Year Book," 1902; author of numerous 
books on water-supply and sewage treatment, and of 
municipal engineering topicsi in "International En- 
cyclopedia," "Nelson's Encyclopedia," "International 
Year Book." Was special agent U. S. census for 
number of years and is chairman' Executive Commit- 
tee, National Municipal League. He was appointed 
to State Department of Health by Governor Fielder 
in 1915 and elected vice-president. His term expires 
July 1st, 1916. 

DR. HENRY SPENCE, Jersey City. 

Dr. Spence was born at Starkey, N. Y., December 
30tb, 1865, where his father. Dr. Byron Spence, began 
the practice of medicine in. 1850. Dr. Spence prepared 
for the study of medicine at the Penn Yan Academj-, 
Penn. Yan-, N. Y., where he was graduated in 1886. 
He took further preparation for medicine at Cornell 
University during the years 1888 and 1889, going from 
there to the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 
New York from, which he graduated in 1892. Follow- 
ing a year of internship at Christ Hospital in Jersey 
City, 1892, 1893, he took up the practice of medicine 
in Jersey City where he has continued in the pro- 
fession up to the present time. From 1893 until 1901 
he was assistant visiting surgeon to Christ Hospital, 
following which he was elected to the post of surgeon. 
At present he is- visiting surgeon (female division) 
to St. Francis Hospital, lecturer to the Christ Hos- 
pital Training School for Nurses, and. for the Training 
School for Nurses at the City Hospital, Jersey City. 
Dr. Spence has been president of the Hudson County 
District Medical Society, the Practitioners' Club of 
Jersey City, and the Alumni Association of Christ 
Hospital Internes and is nOw treasurer of the Society 
of Surgeons of New Jersey, and a director of the 
Chamber of Comm,erce and' chairman; of the Public 
Health Committee of Jersey City. He is a member 
of the New Jersey State Medical Society, the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, the New Jersey State Sani- 



BIOGRAPHIES, 415 

tary Association, and of the Citizens' Federation of 
Hudson County and' various other org-anizations. He 
was appointed' a memher of the State Board of HeaKh 
by Governor Fielder and his> term expires July 1st, 
1919. 

DR. J. OLIVER Mcdonald, Trenton. 

Dr. McDonald was born in Eng-lishtown^ New Jersey, 
in 1884, and is a son of Charles F. McDonald. He 
graduated from Princeton University and' the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons; Columbia University, 
New York City. He is a member of the Society of 
the Alumni of the Presbyterian Hospital and of the 
Sloane Hospital for Women in New York City. He 
isi engaged in the practice of medicine at Trenton, 
N. J. He was appointed a member of the Department 
of Health in 1915 by Governor Fielder and his term 
expires in 1919. 

OLIVER KELLY, Oak Tree, Middlesex County. 

Mr. Kelly was born near Metuchen, Middlesex county, 
N. J., in 1847. He received a common school education, 
and afterward entered the real estate business, which 
he conducted successfully for a number of years both 
in New Jersey and New York. He served as Collector 
of the Port of Perth Amboy until the first Cleveland 
administration, and in April, 1891, was appointed a 
member of the State Board of Assessors for a term of 
four years, and served in that office five years alto- 
gether. For over twenty-seven years he was an active 
member of the Democratic State Committee, and is 
now a member of the Middlesex County Democratic 
Committee. He was Chairman of the Middlesex County 
Board of Elections for several terms. He is also a 
member of the Raritan Township Board of Education. 
Mr, Kelly was appointed a member of the State Board 
of Health by Governor Wilson in 1913 for a term of 
six years, and in 1915 he was appointed a member 
of the new Department of Health by Governor Fielder. 
His term expires July 1st, 1918. 

JOHN M EVERITT, V.S., Hackettstown. 

Mr. Everitt was born in Hackettstown, Warren 
county, N. J., December 6th, 1843. He received a 



416 BIOGRAPHIES. 

common school education, afterward learned the harn- 
ess business and in 1868, opened a harness store and 
horse furnishing' goods, making- a specialty of road 
and track harness for a number of years. He "u^as 
appointed' Health Inspector of the town of Hacketts- 
town in 1897, serving- a term of years and during the 
small-pox epidemic of 1901; began veterinary practice 
in 1882, joining the New Jersey Veterinary Medical 
Association in 1885. He was elected a memiber of 
common council in the town of Hackettstown in 1910, 
re-elected every year afterward to 1915, being made 
president of) the board during the year of 1912. He 
was appointed a member of the Department of 
Health ad in. by Governor Fielder in June, 1915, for 
a term of three j'^ears'. 

CLYDE POTTS, C.E., Morristown. 

Mr. Potts was born in Jefferson county, Iowa, No- 
vember 1st, 1876, and' was graduated' from the Des 
Moines (Iowa) High School and later entered Cornell 
University. He graduated from Cornell with the Class 
of 1901. ;Mr. Potts is a civil engineer by profession, 
specializing in sanitary work. Among the large 
number of commissions involving special difficulties 
carried out by him are the sewerage works of Morris- 
town, N. J.; "West Haven, Conn., and Patchogue, N. Y. 
He has been, employed as a sanitary expert in a 
number of important litigations and at the present 
time is so employed by the federal government. 

Mr. Potts is a member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers; the American Public Health Associa- 
tion; the American Water Works Assiociation; the 
New England' Water Works Association, and other 
State and National scientific societies. He is also a 
past president of the New Jersey Sanitary Association. 
He is president of the Cornell Society of Civil Engi- 
neers) andi a member of the Sigma XI. He was ap- 
pointed by Governor Fielder a mem'ber of the De- 
partment of Health in 1915. His term will expire 
July 1st, 1917. 

DR. EDWARD A. AYERS. Branch ville. 

Dr. Ayers, A.M., M.D., was horn at Jacksonville. 
Illinois, in 1855, and was graduated from; Illinois Col- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 4lT 

leg-e in 1S77, and in Medicine from the New York 
University in 1880. He spent the following year and 
a half in special studies under specialists, and' became 
connected with the New York Polyclinic as professor 
of obstetrics in 1884. 

He founded The Mothers' and Babies' Hospital of 
New York, and' wras for many years active in medical 
service and obstetrical teaching in connection with 
this institution and the Polyclinic. Dr. Ayers has 
been a prolific \vTiter on medical topics, both for the 
medical and "popular" magazines, and was one of the 
first to undertake the education of the people on mos- 
quito extermination, his lecture on this subject re- 
ceiving the Carpenter Prize of the New York Academy 
of Medicine. He is a member of many medical so- 
cieties and an active participant in their scientific 
work'. 

Dr. Ayers miarried Miss Joy Lindsley, of Washing- 
ton, D. C, by which marriage two children — a son 
and daughter — were born and are now approaching 
their majoritj-. He was appointed a member of the 
Department of Health in 1915 and his term will ex- 
pire in 1917. 



Director of Health. 

JACOB COLE PRICE, M.D., Branchville. 

Dr. Price was born at Branchville, Sussex county, 
N. J., January 9, 1850. By profession he is a physi- 
cian. His father was a cousin of Governor Rodman 
M. Price, and was an Assemblyman from Sussex 
county In 1861. Dr. Price is a graduate of the Michi- 
gan University and the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of New York city. He was County Physi- 
cian for Sussex for fifteen years, and has served as 
Mayor, and also Postmaster, at Branchville. He was 
appointed as a member of the Board of Examining 
Surgeons for his Congressional District under the 
McKinley administration. In 1903 Dr. Price was elected 
to the State Senate by a plurality of 758 over Wood- 
ward, Republican, was re-elected in 1906 by a plur- 
ality of 730 over Howell. Republican, and again in 
1909 by a plurality of 1,057 over Hunt, Republican. 
He was the only Senator who was ever given a third 



41'8 BIOGRAPHIES. 

term in Sussex county. He served on the most im- 
portant committees of the Senate and his record Is 
without blemish. He was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Health by Governor Wilson in 1912 
and served one year, when lie resigned, and Governor 
Wilson then appointed him Secretary of the board for 
a full term of six years. Upon the creation of the 
new Department of Health the doctor was elected 
•director for a term of four years. His term expires 
in 1919. 



Boarfl of Commerce and IVavigation. 

(This board consolidates the Board of Riparian Com- 
missioners, the Department of Inland Waterways, 
Inspectors of Power Vessels and New Jersey Har- 
bor Commission.) 

J. SPENCER SMITH, President, Tenafly. 

Mr. Smith was born in Sherbrooke, Canad'a, on July 
7th, 1880. He was brought up in the suburbs of 
Brooklyn, his parents movintg- to Tenafly in 1899. He 
was elected to the Municipal Council in 1902 and 
served one term. He was elected member of the 
Board of Education March 17th, 1908, and has served 
continuously ever since and is now vice-president of 
the board. 

He was appointed by Governor Wilson, April 7th, 
1911, a.s member of the Commission to Investigate 
Port Conditions of New York. On April 15th, 1914, 
he was appointedi by Governor Fielder as member of 
the NeW; Jersey Harbor Commission. On July l&t, 
1915, he was appointed by Governor Fielder as mem- 
ber of the Board of Commerce and Navigation. His 
term will expire July 1st, 1917. 

RICHARD C. JENKINSON, Vice-President, Newark. 

Mr. Jenkinson was born in Newark, N. J., in 1853, 
and is at the head of R. C. Jenkinson; & Co., manu- 
facturers of metal goods'. He was ediucated in the 
public schools and private schools of Newark. In 
1869, he went to work in Ne^v York; after .a year 
of study abroad in 1875-1876, he started the business 
in whichi he is now engaged. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 419 

He never held an elective office. He ran' for mayor 
of Newark in 1900 as the Republican candidate. He 
was defeated by the then mayor, tlie Honorable Jas. 
M. Seym'our, who was seeking- re-election. 

He was electedi president of the Newark Board' of 
Trade in 1898, and "was re-elected later. In 1901, he 
was one of the vice-presidents of the Pan-American 
Exposition at Buffalo. 

He is a trustee of the New" Jersey Home for Feeble- 
Minded at Vineland and vice-president of the Board 
of Commerce and Navigation. He is also a trustee 
of the Free Public Library in Newark; a director in 
the Ironbound Trust Company of Newark, and in 
several corporations in New Jersey and New York, 
and he is also a director in a large electric manu- 
facturing company in Canada. 

Governor Fielder appointed Mr. Jenkinson a mem- 
ber of the Board of Commerce and Navigation and 
his term will expire July 1st, 1918. 

Mr. Jenkinson is married and lives in Newark in the 
same ward in which he was born. 

W. PARKER RUNYON, Perth Amboy. 

Mr. Runyon was born in New Brunswick, N. J., 
December 3d., 1861. He belongs to the French Hu- 
genot family, whose progenitor, Vincent Runyon 
(Rognion), was among the earliest settlers of East 
Jersey. He obtained his education in the public 
schools and Rutg^ers Preparatory School of the city 
of his birth. Putting- aside an ambition to become 
a physician on account of imperfect eyes, he took a 
commercial course at the New: Jersey Business Col- 
leg-e, Newark, N. J., and in 1881 entered that greatest 
of all schools — the business world^ — where his vital 
personality and pleasing and genial manner have stood 
him in good stead. 

After two or three positions filled successfully, he 
became identified with boat craft, waterfront and 
navig-ation activities. His father and grandfather, 
each, of whom in his turn, owned and operated' the 
shipyard which met the needs of the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal at New Brunswick. 

He has been president for more than twenty years 
of the Perth Amboy Dry Dock Company. He, to- 



420 BIOGRAPHIES. 

gether with Mr. Charles D. Snedeker, re-organized the 
concern into a close corporation, and^ during his in- 
cumbency the plant has grown froni' a capacity of 
two marine railways, to one having four dry docks, 
a machine shop and boiler works, ample wharves and 
piers, andi has acquired the six hundred feet of water 
front and two city blocks which it occupies. 

In 1904, he was elected an alternate delegate to 
the Democratic National Convention held at St. Louis, 
andi was a delegate to the one held at Denver in 1908. 
He is an active member of the Perth Amboy Board 
of Trade, and a member of the City Water Commis- 
sion, The State Chamber of Comimerce also enlists his 
heartist interest andi co-operation. He is one of the 
trustees of the State Chamber of Commerce, and di- 
rector of the Harbor and Navigation Department, and 
besid'e he was a delegate to represent it, as well as 
the local Board of Trade, in the Seventh Annual At- 
lantic Deeper Waterwaj's Convention, held in New- 
York City, in September, 1914, and was appointed! by 
the governor as one of the representatives of the 
State of New Jersey at the Eighth Annual Convention 
of that body held at Savannah in November, 1915. 

Mr. Runyon was appointed by Governor Fielder on 
the State Harbor Commiission of New Jersey, and 
upon the recent re-organization of State Boards, was 
named as one of the long term men on the Board, of 
Commerce and Navigation. His term expires July 
1st, 1919. 

JOHN M. B. WARD, Paterson. 

Mr. Ward' was born in Paterson, December 6th, 1880, 
and received his preliminary education in the local 
school's. Later he attended the Roger McGee Pre- 
paratory School in Paterson and the Inter-collegiate 
School of New York City. This was foll'owed' by a 
course in Columbia University which Mr. Wardi en- 
tered in 1898, andi the New York University Law 
School. In 1901, he was ad^mittedi to the bar and he 
also has been admitted to practice in the United 
States courts. 

After being admitted to the bar, Mr. Ward became 
associated with his father, Z. M. Ward, one of the 
most distinguished' lawyers Paterson has ever pro- 
duced. The firm, which was known as Z. M. Ward 



BIOGRAPHIES. 421 

& Son, continued until the death of Mr. Ward, Sr., 
1904. The subject of this sketch tlien formed a part- 
nership with Peter J. McGinnis, and the firm has 
continued ever since under the name of Ward & Mc- 
Ginnis. In politics Mr. Ward is a Republican. He 
was appointed a member of the Board of C'^mmerce 
and' Navig-ation by Governor Fielder and his term 
expires July 1st, 1919. 

AVILLIAM LAWRENCE SAUNDERS, Plainfield. 

Mr. Saunders was born November 1st 1856, in 
Columbus, Ga.; son of William Trebell Saundiers, D.D., 
and Eliza Morton Saunders, Va. ; grandnephew of 
Robert Saunders, fourteenth president William and 
Mary College, Williamsburg", Va. His earliest an- 
cestors landed with the Jamestown expedition, James- 
town, Va., and is diescendant of Sir Edward Saunders, 
one of tlie Knights of the Horseshoe who discovered 
the Alleghanies. He has degrees: Bachelor of Science, 
University of Pennsylvania, 1876; Doctor of Science, 
1911. 

Before graduation was editor-in-chief "University 
^Magazine" and class poet. 1876, engaged in news- 
paper work, Philadelphia; special correspondent for 
southern newspapers Centennial Exposition; made two 
balloon ascensions, reaching height of three and a 
half miles, remaining up all night. 

From' 1878 to 1881, he was engineer in charge of 
building docks, w^arehouses and ship channel. New 
York Harbor, at Black Tom Island. He designed and 
patented apparatus for subaqueous drilling, using tube 
and water jet, system now in general use. 

In 1881, he was engineer for Ingersoll Rock Drill 
Company. He invented and patented rock drilling and 
quarrying devices, track channelers and gadders and 
bar channelers; invented and patented system of pump- 
ing liquids by compressed' air, now generally used in 
Baku oil fields, Russia; also, radialaxe system of 
coal mining. 

Mr. Saunders is prominently identified with various 
industries both in New York and New Jersey, and is 
editor and author of numerous magazines, pamphlets, 
&c., relating to inventions, commerce, economics and 
politics. He was a member of the New Jersey Harbor 



422 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Commission, formerly a member of the New Jersey 
State Democratic Committee, and ^^■as twice elected 
mayor of North Plainfield. 

' He was appointed a member of the Board of Com- 
merce and Navigation by Governor Fielder and his 
term expires Julj- 1st, 1918. 

J. WARD RICHARDSON, Bridgeton. 

Mr. Richard'son was born in Bridgeton, N. J., on 
August 18th, 1854, and has spent the major portion 
of his life in that place. His early years were, how- 
ever, passed in Philadelphia, to which place his. parents 
removed when he was quite young, and there he 
studied in the public schools, and was graduated from 
the High School division of the Northeast Grammar 
School. Comdng to Bridgeton as a young man, he 
soon became actively engaged in newspaper work 
andJ was connected with several publications, event- 
ually founding the Bridgeton Evening News and the 
Dollar Weekly News, both of which are still being 
published by a company of which Mr. Richardson is 
at the head and' both of which have enjoyed excep- 
tional success. Mr. Richardson was appointed by 
Governor Stokes to the fold State Board of Arbitra- 
tion, being elected as its president. This board took 
an active part in the effort to settle various indus- 
trial troubles throughout the State. In 1908, he was 
appointed by Governor Fort to the State Riparian 
Commission, and upon the expiration of his term was 
re-appointed by Governor Fielder, serving six jears 
in all, and declining an effort of his colleagues to 
make him vice-president and the virtual head of the 
board during his final period of service. He has 
lonig been an active member of the New Jersey Press 
Association and in 1913-1914, served as its president. 
In 1915, he was appointed by Governor Fielder a 
member of the Board of Commerce and Navigation 
and his term expires July 1st. 1917. 

WILLIAM T. KIRK, Beverly. 

Mr. Kirk was born in Philadelphia, Pa., July 1st, 
1860, and was educated' at Friends Select School, 
Philadelphia, and has resided at Beverly, N. J., for 
the last twenty-three years. He served two terms in 



BIOGRAPHIES. 423 

the city council, having overcome a normal Repub- 
lican majority at the election both times, has been 
a delegate to two Gubernatorial Conventions and 
served as a member of the Burlington County Demo- 
cratic Committee, and a member of the Executive 
Committee of the Burlington County Democratic Club. 

He is a director of the First National Bank of 
Beverly; has served as director of the Building and 
Loan Association; is a vestryman in the Episcopal 
Church, and a vice-president of the Philadelphia-Dela- 
ware-Trenton Deeper Waterways Association. 

He is a. wholesale grocer in Philad'elpliia, being a 
member of the firm of Kirk, Foster & Co.; also a 
director in the Grocers' and Importers' Exchange of 
Philadelphia, having served twice as its president. 
He is a member of the Joint Committee of the trade 
bodies of Philadelphia, on the Improvement of the 
Schuylkill and Delaware rivers. Mr. Kirk was ap- 
pointed by Governor Fielder as a member of the 
Board of Commerce and Navigation in 1915, and his 
term expires July 1st. 191(5. 

ALLEN KIRBY WHITE, Atlantic City. 

Mr. White was born at Denton, :Md., December 14th, 
1872, and is second son of Josiah and Mary Kirby 
(Allen) White. He attended Friends Central School, 
Philadelphia and Swarthmore College, Pa., graduating 
in the engineering department in 1894, as president 
of the class. He entered the hotel business with his 
father, at Hotel Luray, Atlantic City, and formed 
the partnership of Josiah White & Son, and later 
with his father and two brothers formed Josiah White 
& Sons Company, owners and proprietors of the 
Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel, Atlantic City, which is 
liis present business. Upon the organization of the 
Equitable Trust Co. of Atlantic City, he became vice- 
president, which office he still fills. He was one of 
the incorporators of the Equitable Building and Loan 
Association of Atlantic City and accepted the treas- 
urership thereof, and has been commodore of the 
Atlantic City Yacht Club since 1911. In 1915, was 
appointed by Governor Fielder a member of the 
Board of Commerce and Navigation, and' his term 
expires July 1st, 1916. 



424 BIOGRAPHIES. 

B. F. CRESSON. JR., Chief Engineor and Secretary, 
Jersey City. 

Mr. Cresson was borir in Philadelpliia in 1873, and 
was educated at the Episcopal Academy of Phila- 
delphia, Lehigh University and University of Pennsyl- 
vania; B.S. degree from tlie latter. 

From 1891 to 1897 he was employed on the Lehigh 
Valley Railroad as c^iainman, rodman, transitman and 
draughtsman on construction and general railroad 
work. From 1897 to 1899 he was transitman. on 
Reading subway work in Philadelphia, a portion of 
tlie time being in charge of the section between 13th 
street and 16th street. From 1899 to 1900 he was 
assistant engineer, West Virginia Short Line Rail- 
road in charge of surveys for coal terminals on the 
Ohio Railroad at New Martinsville, W. Va., and termi- 
nals at CLarkesburg, AV. Va.. and was locating engi- 
neer of the Pennsylvania Railroad in charge of pre- 
liminary and location surveys between Punxsutawney 
and DuBois, Pa, 

From 1900-1901, he worked in the office of Jacobs 
and Davies, Consulting Engineers, New York City, 
on subaqueous tunnel plans and surveysi North river 
and East river — assistant engineer in charge of the 
Atlantic avenue improvements in Brooklyn for the 
Lehigh Valley Railroad. 

In 1901, he was assistant engineer on re-survey 
plans, etc., for the completion of the Hudson tunnels 
under the North river (McAdoo Tunnels), and 1901- 
1910 assistant engineer, alignment engineer andi resi- 
dent engineer in charge of precise triangulations on 
the North river. 

In 1910-1913, he was first deputy commissioner. De- 
partment of Docks and Ferries, New York City, in 
charge of engineering a'ctivities and acting dock com- 
missioner for several months of this time in the 
absence of the commissioner. 

He served', as chief engin^eer. New Jersey Harbor 
Commission, 1913-1915. He is a member of American 
Society of Civil Engineers, Am;erican Institute of 
Mining Engineers, Institvition of Civil Engineers of 
Great Britain, Director American Association of Port 
Authorities, Municipal Engineers of New York, In- 
ternational Congress of Navigation and Engineers' 
Club of New York. 



BIOGRAt»HIES. 425 



Ilopartinent of ConNorvntlon nnil DtM/elopiiH'iit. 

(This department consolidates the State Water-Supply 
Commission, Forest Park Reservation Commis- 
sion, Geolog-ical Survey, Washing-ton Park Cross- 
ing- Commission, State Museum and Fort Nonsense 
Park Comrnission.) 

EDWARD SHAFFER SAVAGE President, Rahvvay. 

Mr. Savage was born in the city of Rah way (where 
he still resides), the first d;ay of July, ]8r)4. 

He read law in ,the office of Cortlandt Parker; 
graduated from Columbia I^aw College in 1876, and 
was admitted' to the bar in New Jersey in 1877. . 

He served, two terms in the Legislature — 1884 and 
1885; and practiced law in the city of Newark for a 
few years after his admission to the bar, then moved 
his oflice to New York City and was associated with 
George W. Miller for twenty years in the practice 
of the law in New York. In 1912 he retired from 
active practice. 

He was appointed by Governor Fiflder in 1015 a 
member of the Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment and his term expires July 1st, 1918. 

WALTER J. BUZBY, Atlantic City. 

Mr. Buzby was l)orn at Masonville, Burlington 
county, N. J., October 12th, 1865. He spent hi.s boy- 
hood days on his father's farm in Burlington, county 
until 1885, when he entered the employ of Mitchell, 
Fletcher & Comipany, Fancy Grocers, of Philadelphia, 
and remained with them for fifteen years, during 
which time he passed from the lowest salaried boy in 
the store to one of the junior members of the firm. 

In 1900, Mr. Buzby bought from Joseph H. Borton 
the Hotel Dennis, Atlantic City, having a well-known 
Philadelphia architect as his associate, and: has con- 
tinued to conduct tlie hotel as an all year proposition 
ever since. He was twice elected a member of city 
council, is a director in two banks and is identified 
with many of Atlantic City's affairs. 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Con- 
servation and Development by Governor Fielder in 
1915 for a term of two years, which expires July 
1st, 1917. 



426 BIOGRAPHIES. 

NELSON B. GASKILL, Trenton. 

Mr. Gaskill was born at Mount Holly, N. J., Sep- 
tember 12th, 1875. He prepared for college at the 
Peddie Institute, Hightstown, N. J., and entered 
Princeton with the class of 1896. Upon graduation 
he spent two years at the Harvard Law School and 
studied! one year in the office of his father, Judige 
Joseph H. Gaskill. He was admitted to the bar as 
attorney in 1899 and passed the counselors' exami- 
nation three years later. Since admission he has 
practiced law in Camden, N. J., with his father as a 
member of the firm of Gaskill & Gaskill. He enlisted 
in. the National Guardi in 1896, and was made captain 
of his company two years later; he was later ap- 
pointed battalion adjutant with the Third Regiment, 
which commission he now holds. He was appointed 
assistant attorney-general in November, 1906, and 
served in that office until March, 1914. Governor 
Fielder appointed Mr. Gaskill in 1915 a member of 
the Board' of Conservation andi Development, and his 
term expires July 1st, 1919. 

SIMON PHILLIPS NORTHRUP, Newark. 

Mr. Northrup was born near Branchville, Sussex 
county, New Jersey, August 23d, 1876, and is son. of 
Oscar and Mary J. (Phillips) Northrup. Both sides 
of family can trace descent to English Colonial an- 
cestry. The name Northrup is of English origin and 
is a compound' of the words North and the Saxon 
thorp (Middle English thrope) meaning town or vil- 
lage. iThe earliest miention of the name found in 
England is of the marriage of Maude, daughter of 
Simon Northrope, in county York, in the reign of 
Henry VII. (1485-1509). Joseph Northrup, founder of 
the family in America, came from Yorkshire, England, 
with Sir Richard Saltonstall, in Eaton and Daven- 
port's Company, in the ship "Hector and Martha," 
landing at Boston on July 26th, 1637. With others 
he formed) the settlement of Milford, Connecticut, in 
1639, and his name appears as one of the forty-four 
"Free Planters" on the document which laid the foun- 
dation for their government on the "Plantation." 
He was graduated from Dickinson College with the 
Class of 1897, and from the Law School of Yale Uni- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 421 

versity in 1899, receiving degree of baclielor of laws, 
and Kent prize for superioritj- in debate. In Febru- 
ary, 1899, he was admitted to practice before the 
New Jersey bar, and for a time was in several law 
offices, forming in 1905, a partnership with Francis 
Lafferty. In 1907, he became connected with Fidelity 
Trust Company and later was elected its assistant 
title officer. 

He was appointed by Governor Fielder, in 1915, a 
member of the Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment and' hi& term expires July 1st, 1917. 

CHARLES LATHROP PACK, Lakewood. 

Mr. Pack was born in Lexington, Michigan, May 
7th, 1857, and was educated in this country and in 
Germany. He studied' forestry in the black forests 
of Germany and spent much time exploring the 
forests of Canada, the northwest and Louisiana. The 
Packs in colonial times lived' at Rahway and Eliza- 
beth, New Jersey, but all left the State of New Jersey 
previous to one hundred years ago. Charles Lathrop 
Pack returned to New Jersey in 1899 and took up 
his residence at Lakewood. He is perhaps best known 
as the president of the National Conservation Con- 
gress. He is a member and director of the American 
Forestry Association; served for several years as a 
member of the former New Jersey Forest Park Com- 
mission. Upon the invitation of President Roosevelt, 
Mr. Pack attended as an expert the conference of 
governors at the White House in May, 1907, and 
he was appointed by President Roosevelt a member 
of the National Conservation Commission. Has at- 
tended most of the important conferences on forestry 
and conservation in this country since 1900. Mr, 
Pack is a Republican; was a member of the Indian- 
apolis Sound Money Convention, and a member of 
the Monetary Commission. He served for seven years 
as a member of the first city Troop A, Ohio National 
Guard, Cleveland. He is an ex-president of the Cleve- 
land, Ohio, Chamber of Commerce, and is a trustee 
of "Western Reserve University. He is a member of 
the New Jersey Chapter of the Society of Colonial 
Wars; a member of the Union Leagvie Club of New 
York and president of the Country Club of Lakewood, 



428 BIOGRAPHIES. 

New Jersey. Mr. Pack is widely known because of 
his knowledge of timber and timber interests both 
in- this country and in Canada. He was* appointed 
by Governor Fielder, in 1915, a member of the Board 
of Conservation and Develoi^ment and his term ex- 
pires July 1st, 191S. 

STEPHEN PFEIL, Camden. 

Mr. Pfeil was born ini New York City, December 
26th', 1854, and', was educated in public and private 
schools of that city. He graduated from the law 
department of the University of New York and re- 
ceived the degree of L.B. in 1873; was admitted to 
the Newi York bar in 1875 and followed the pro- 
fession in that State for more than ten years. Since 
1888, he has resided in Camden, and has been engaged 
in literary work, contributing articles on international 
law and social-political topics to various periodicals 
and the daily press; was co-author in 1892 of "Walsh's 
Handybook of Literary Curiosities." In 1893, he be- 
came an editorial writer on' the staff of the Phila- 
delphia Record, and has continued in that occupation 
ever since. He was appointed by Governor Wilson 
im 1911, a member of the Board of Managers^ of the 
Geological Survey and on the consolidation of the 
Survey and various other State Commiissions in tlie 
Department of Conservation and Development, he 
was appointed; to the governing board of this depart- 
ment by Governor Field'er. Mr. Pfeil has been a life- 
long Democrat. His first vote was cast for Samuel 
J. Tildien, for president. He has been, active in 

furthering Democratic policies, and was a delegate to 
Conventioni of 1910, which nominated Woodrow Wil- 
son for governor, of whom he wasi an early and 
sincere advocate. In 1914, he submitedi a plan for 
the reconstruction, of the Legislative power which 
aroused wid'espread comment. He was appointed to 
the present board by Governor Fielder in 1915, and 
his term expires July Ist, 1916. 

GEORGE A. STEELE, Eatontown. 

Mr. Steele was born in Fair Haven, Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, oni June 24th, 1872. His father, 
John N. Steele, came fromi old New England stock. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 429 

his ancestors having settled: in the early part of the 
18th century on the Massachusetts coast a few miles 
above Boston. Mr. Steele was educated in the public 
schools of Monmouth county, and in 1896, he helped' 
to found the Shrewsbury Nurseries, of which he is 
now the sole proprietor. 

On April 21st, 1914, he was appointed by Governor 
Fielder a, member of the Board of Forest Park Reser- 
vation Commissioners and when that board was ab- 
sorbed by the Board of Conservation and Develop- 
ment on July 1st, 1915, the g-overnor appointed him 
a member of the latter board for the full term of 
four years. His term expires June 1st, 1919. 

HENRY CROFUT WHITE, North Plainfield. 

Mr. White was born at Danbury, Conn., January 
29th^ 1869, andi is a lawyer, and a member of the 
New York bar, 1893; of the Supreme Court bar, 1896; 
practices in New York' City, being a member of the 
firm of W^hite & Wait, 49 Wall street. Degrees were 
conferred on him by the following: A.B., Yale Uni- 
versity, 1891; A.M., Columbia University, 1892; DL.B., 
University of the State of New York, 1893. He is 
the author of the White Federal Income Tax law 
and' other legal treatises. He was appointed a mem- 
ber of this new department in 1915 by Governor 
Fielder and his term expires July 1st, 1916. 

ALFRED GASKILL, Director and State Forester, 
Lawrenceville. 

Mr. Gaskill was born in Philadelphia, November 
6th, 1861, both his parents being members of old New 
Jersej' Quaker families. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools and at the Friends Central School, Phila- 
delphia. 

In 1881, he went to Cumberland county, N. J., where 
for ten years, and for seven years more in Phila- 
delphia, he was engaged in tlie glass manufacturing 
business. During that time his attention was at- 
tractedi to forestry, largely through the forest fires 
which were so manifestly destroying both the timber 
supply and the landi values of south Jersey. 

In 1898, he determined to become a forester, gave up 
l)usiness and for three vears, studied forestry in North 



430 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Carolina, at Harvard University, at the University of 
Munich and in the organized' forests of Europe, In 
1901, he enteredi the United States Forest Service, 
where for upwards of five years he devoted his time 
chiefly to forest fires and to silvicultural problems. 
On February Ist, 1907, he was engaged as forester by 
the Forest Park Reservation Commission of New Jer- 
sey and throvigh that position became State Forester. 
He is a director of the Americam Forestry Associa- 
tion, Secretary of the Association of Eastern Forest- 
ers and a member of other forestry and allied organi- 
zations. 

On July 1st, 1915, he was appointed Director of 
Conservation and Development for a term of four 
years at $4,200 a year, which position he holds co- 
Incidientally witli that of State Forester. 



State Geologist. 

HENRY B. KiJMMEL, Trenton. 

Mr. Kiimmel was born, in Milwaukee, Wis., May 
25th, 1867. He graduated from Beloit College, Wis., 
in 1889, and after teaching two years, spent one year 
iui post-graduate wiork in geology at Harvard Uni- 
versity and three years at the University of Chicago. 
He received the degree of M.A. from Harvard Uni- 
versity, and: from. Beloit College in 1892, andi that of 
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from the University of 
Chicago in. 1895. In 1891, he was employed as field 
assistant in. geology on the United States Geological 
Survey, in Connecticut. In the summer of 1892 he 
joined the Geological Survey of New Jersey, and for 
several field seasons was engaged in surveys in War- 
ren, Sussex and: Hunterdon, counties. During a por- 
tion of 1898 he was em.ployed on. the Geological Sur- 
vey of New York, and also spent a short time in 
studying the geology of Scotlan'd. Returning to New 
Jersey, he was appointed Assistant State Geologist in 
1899, and on the resignation of Dr. John C. Smock, 
on July 1st, 1901, Mr. Kiimmel was put in charge of 
the survey. On January 10th, 190 2, he was made 
State Geologist, which position he still holds. Upon 
the establishment of the Forest Park Reservation 



BIOGRAPHIES. 431 

Comanission in 1905, he became ex-ofRcio its executive 
officer. With the organization of the Department of 
Conservation and Development, Mr. Kiimmel, as State 
Geologist, became the chief of the Division of Geology 
and acting director of the department during the ab- 
sence of the director. 

The high standing of the geological survey of New- 
Jersey was recognized by the election of Mr. Kiimmel 
as first president of the American^ Association of State 
Geologists, a position which he held for several terms. 
In 1907, he was a member of the International Geo- 
logical Congress held in the city of Mexico, and he 
was again a delegate to the same congress when it 
met in Toronto, Canada, in 1913, he accompanied 
Governor Fort as one of the three New Jersey dele- 
gates to the first Conference of Governors held at 
the White House in 1908, and was a member of 
several subsequent conservation congresses. He is a 
Fellow of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, and of the Geological Society of 
America, and a member of the National Institute of 
Social Sciences. He is the autlior of numerous papers 
relating chiefly to the geology and natural resources 
of New Jeresy. 



Board of Shell Fisheries. 

GEORGE A. MOTT, Director, Tuckerton, 

Mr. Mott was borm at Tuckerton, N. J., July 2d. 
1864, and: attended the public schools until lie was 
eighteen years of age, when he went to Atlantic City, 
where he worked as clerk in a grocery store for two 
years, after which he conducted a grocery business at 
Beach Haven, N. J., for eight years during wliich 
time he engaged in the planting and shipping of 
oysters. He was named as a member of the first 
oyster commission for the State of New Jersey by 
an act of the Legislature of 1893, andi although a 
Democrat, he was renamed: by an act of the Legis- 
lature of 1896, and was appointed by Governor Voor- 
hees in 1899, and by Governor Murphy im 1902, and 
served as a member and secretary of the commission 
during the twelve years of its existence. It was 
largely due to his efforts that the scientific study 



432 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of oyster propag-ation was taken up by Professor 
Julius Nelson in 1900, and as there was no appro- 
priation made bj- the Leg-islature for that purpose, 
he furnished and maintained a suitable station for 
experimental purposes, also oysters, boats, floats, etc., 
for the use of the biologist and assisted him per- 
sonally in his experimental work. In 1912, he was 
appointed oyster superintendent for the district of 
Ocean county by Governor Wilson and re-appointed 
by Governor Fielder in 1915. His selection as di- 
rector of shell fisheries was made unanimous by the 
Boardi of Shell Fisheries July 1st, 1915. 



Custodian of the Capitol. 

JOHN A. SMITH, Haddon Heights. 

Mr. Smith has been a life-long resident of Camden 
county, where he was born in the city of Camden, 
October 3d, 1861, and lived until 1907 when he moved 
from the South Jersey Metropolis to Haddon Heights, 
one of its suburbs. He was educated in the public 
schools of his home city and after a business college 
education, he began life as a clerk and salesman and 
later established a wholesale and retail merchandise 
business, which he conducted in Camden for several 
years. 

Later he dealt in real estate and conducted a general 
brokerage line until May, 1913, when he was ap- 
pointed by Comptroller Edwards to the position of 
assistant auditor, which position he held until July 
15th, 1914, when he was appointed custodian of the 
State House, to take effect on August 15th, 1914. Dur- 
ing the interval between his appointment and as- 
sumption of the duties of the office, the new custodian 
fully familiarized himself with all the duties ap- 
pertaining to the position, which his wide and varied 
experience in a business and professional way makes 
him peculiarly adapted to fill. 

The new custodian has always been active in Demo- 
cratic affairs, and served as a member of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee from his home county for 
three years. His salary is $3,500 a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 433 

Secretary to the Governor. 

L. EDWARD HERRMANN, Jersey City. 

Mr. Herrmann is a lawyer, and was born in Jersey 
City, N. J., July 6th, 1876. His father was Louis E. 
Herrmann, and his mother Mary A. Craven. His father 
was a native of Hoboken, N. J., and his mother was 
born in Jersey City. His father was widely known 
throughout the State of New Jersey as an expert title 
searcher. The son was educated in the public schools 
of Jersey City, being graduated from the High School 
in 1895. Afterwards he studied in New York Uni- 
versity, being graduated in 1898, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Philosophy, and he also studied law at 
the New York Law School. While a law student he 
taught in the night schools of Jersey City. Later he 
was engaged in newspaper work on the reportorial 
staff of the Jersey City News and the Jersey Journal. 
He studied law in the offices of John L. Keller, John W. 
Week and Augustus Zabriskie. He was admitted to 
the bar in June 1901, and formed a partnership with 
Andrew J. Steelman, Jr. In his political affiliations he 
is a Democrat, but the only office which he has held 
was that of member of the Board of Education of Jer- 
sey City for two terms, under Mayor Fagan. He is a 
member of the University Club of Hudson county, the 
Jersey City Club and the Down Town Club. 



Executive Clerk. 

JOHN J. FARRELL, Trenton. 

Mr. Farrell was born in New York city, August 31st, 
1864, and has been a resident of the State of New Jer- 
sey since he was three years of age. He is a news- 
paper man by profession, and was State Riparian Com- 
missioner from 1899 to 1904. During that period the 
courts set aside as void the attempt of the Legislature 
to divert State lands, which now form the nucleus of 
the School Fund, to other purposes. For many years 
prior to that and since he has been a legislative cor- 
respondent, the line in which he was engaged when ap- 
pointed Executive Clerk to fill a vacancy, the second 
which occurred in that office in forty-seven years, on 
February 20th, 1913. 
28 



434 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Chief Auditor. 

JOHN J. NEVIN, Jersey City. 

Mr. Nevin, who has been chief auditor of the State, 
attached to the Comptroller's Department, since May 
1st, 1913, was born in Summit, New Jersey, August 
31st, 1871. He finished his preliminary education at 
St. Peter's College, Jersey City, and after a post- 
graduate course, became chief clerk and later private 
secretary in the office of the Mayor of Jersey City, 
where he remained from 1889 to 1897, having the pe- 
culiar distinction of serving in that capacity for fiVe 
years under a Republican mayor, while always ac- 
tively identified with the Democratic party of Hud- 
son county. 

In 1897 he was appointed police justice of Jersey 
City, a position he held until May 1st, 1900. Later 
Mr. Nevin became connected with the American Bond- 
ing and Trust Company, of which he was the general 
agent for a number of years in partnership with 
Joseph F. Farmer. He was secretary of the Hudson 
County Consolidation Commission during its existence. 
After retiring from the police justiceship he was en- 
gaged in corporation work in New York and New 
Jersey for the Lehigh Valley and New Jersey Central 
Railroad Company and was the general agent of the 
Bloomingdale Soft Rubber Company. He was ap- 
pointed assistant to the State Comptroller on May 1st, 
1913, since which time he has been in charge of the 
general auditing of the Comptroller's Department. 

During his incumbency, among other things, were 
established the requisition system and a departure 
from the old plan of auditing bills after they were 
paid and establishing in its place the new one, which 
requires a thorough audit of all accounts before their 
liquidation. 

State Superintendent of "Weights and Measures. 

WILLIAM L. WALDRON, Trenton. 

Mr. Waldron was born in Trenton on December 7th, 
1868. He received his early education in St. Mary's 
Parochial School, the same city. He was obliged to 
become a bread-winner when but thirteen years old, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 435 

because of the circumstances of his widowed mother 
and her other six younger children. Later he attended 
night school, becoming enrolled as a student in the 
commercial department of the Stewart Business Col- 
lege. He passed with high honors. 

Mr. Waldron's first position was as errand boy for 
the Trenton Co-Operative Society, which managed a 
large grocery and meat market. He was promoted a 
year later to a clerkship and, finally, when the com- 
pany decided to establish a branch store, Mr. Waldron 
was the choice for manager. He made such a success 
of the venture that, a couple of years later the so- 
ciety concluded to open a second branch store. Mr. 
Waldron was again the unanimous choice of the di- 
rectors for the management of the newer place. 

Twelve years ago, Mr. Waldron decided to go into 
business for himself. He developed a business corner 
that had for years been regarded as a hoodoo into one 
of the most prosperous in Trenton. He sold out this 
business when Governor Wilson unexpectedly named 
him to the superintendency of weights and measures 
August 23, 1911. Governor Wilson's attention is said 
to have been attracted to Mr. Waldron because of his 
splendid run for city commissioner in that year. He 
not only figured among the ten highest men at the 
primary but also came within a couple of hundred 
votes of being elected a commissioner. This was re- 
garded as a remarkable tribute to the personal pop- 
ularity of a man who had never before figured in pub- 
lic life, who had done little or no campaigning, and 
who was the only one of the ten candidates on elec- 
tion day that had never been previously able to attract 
public attention through the occupancy of a public 
office. His term of office Is five years and salary $2,500. 
His term will expire in 1916. 



Commissioner of Public Reports. 

BENJAMIN BOISSEAU BOBBITT, Long Branch. 

- Mr. Bobbitt was born at Hickory, North Carolina, 
on January 22d, 1883, the son of Dr. Emmet H. Bob- 
bitt and Mary Elizabeth Boisseau. His ancestry was 
French, Spanish, Scotch, Irish and English, and his 
progenitors on both sides were prominent in the 



436 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Colonial history of Virginia and the Carolinas. His 
first ancestor on liis mother's side was one of tlie 
founders of William and Mary College, near James- 
town, Virginia, the second college established in the 
United States, in 1693. He was a student at private 
schools and the University of North Carolina, where 
he made a special study of history, language and po- 
litical science. He also studied law and medicine. 
In 1902 he married Miss Edna Virginia Boisseau, 
daughter of Hon. P. H. Boisseau, of Danville, Virginia. 

At the early age of seventeen, while still in college, 
he began writing political articles and reviews for 
the Morning and Sunday Post, of Raleigh, N. C, and 
a series of historical and industrial sketches for the 
Sunny South magazine, of Atlanta. He also did some 
work of the same character and fiction for the Rich- 
mond Dispatch and Philadelphia and New York news- 
papers and magazines. While in a law office in Dan- 
ville he became editor of the Evening Free Press 
there, and later went on the staff of the Norfolk 
Virginian Pilot, after which he was editorial writer 
for a time for the Lebanon (Penn.) Evening Report. 

Since 1904 he has been editor of the Long Branch 
Daily Record. He started booming Woodrow Wilson 
for the Presidency on January 20th, 1908, and his 
editorials on the subject were copied all over the 
country. Prom 1907 to 1912 he was publicity director 
of Long Branch, organizing the Publicity Bureau 
there. He was twice elected by the city council, and 
appointed by both Republican and Democratic mayors. 
In 1908 he was appointed by Governor Fort on the 
State Commission to investigate dependency and 
criminality, and was conspicuous in the work of that 
body, many of whose recommendations have subse- 
quently been enacted into law. He was first as- 
sistant Supervisor of Bills in the New Jersey Senate 
in 1913, and supervisor in 1914. He became editor of 
the Trend Magazine, of New York, in 1913, which 
place he resigned after his appointment by Governor 
Fielder as Commissioner of Reports, and his unani- 
mous confirmation by the Senate in February of 1914, 
declining an election as president of the Trend Pub- 
lishing Company. 

Mr. Bobbitt is a trustee of the Long Branch Cliam- 
ber of Commerce, director of the Garfield Monument 



BIOGRAPHIES. 437 

Association and a member of the Elks. He is also 
a member of the Mosquito Extermination Commission 
of Monmouth county. His term is for five years, and 
his salary $2,000 per annum. 



State W^ater-Supply Commission. 

MARLON L. HOAGLAND, Rockaway. 

Mr. Hoagland was born in Rockaway, Morris county, 
N. J., on March 25, 1871. He received his early educa- 
tion in a private school, and later graduated from 
Trinity Military Institute. He entered the employ of 
M. Hoagland's Sons Co., a corporation of New Jersey, 
in September, 1889, and was elected secretary and gen- 
eral manager of the company in 1902. He is a Demo- 
crat politically, and has twice been elected president 
of the Council of the Borough of Rockaway. He has 
served two terms as Worshipful Master of Acacia 
Lodge, No. 20, F. «& A. M., and belongs to several other 
fraternal organizations, and is a member of the Hol- 
land Society of New York and the Washington Asso- 
ciation of New Jersey. 

He was appointed a member of the State Water- 
Supply Commission by Governor Wilson and confirmed 
by the Senate in January, 1911. His term will expire 
June 28th, 1916. 

CHARLES ANTHONY MEYER, Andover. 

Mr. Meyer was born in Hoboken, December 31st, 1864, 
and is a civil engineer. He served in the Spanish- 
American war and was mustered out as a captain, No- 
vember 17th, 1898. He is a member of Harmony Lodge, 
No. 8, F. and A. M.; Baldwin Chapter, De Molay Com- 
mandery and Salaam Temple, and also of the Army and 
Navy Club. He was Secretary of the Hudson County 
Democratic Committee, 1894-97. For three years lie 
was president of the Borough Council of Andover. He 
served four years as a member of the House of As- 
sembly from Sussex county, and was Chairman and a 
member of important committees. He was appointed 
to his present office in 1913 by Governor Wilson to suc- 
ceed J. Henry Bacheller, whose term expired on June 
29th. 



438 BIOGRAPHIES. 



LAURENT J. TONNELE, Bayonne. 

Mr. Tonnele was born in New York on May 2d, 1879, 
and is a dealer in oils. In 18S6 he removed with his 
parents to Middlesex county, this State, where he 
later became active in politics. He was educated at 
Seton Hall College, South Orange, N. J. For more 
than a century Mr. Tonnele's forefathers were Jer- 
seymen and took active part in the affairs of tlie State. 
During- the campaign of 1913 he was secretary of the 
James F, Fielder primary campaign for the Demo- 
cratic gubernatorial nomination. He is also assistant 
secretary of the Democratic State Committee. 

He was appointed to the State Water-Supply Com- 
mission by Governor Fielder in 1914, for a term of 
five years. 

WILLIAM E. RAMSAY, Perth Amboy. 

Dr. Ramsay wos born at Prince Edward Island, 
November 11th, 1866, and is a physician. His parents 
early removed to Perth Amboy where his father was 
engaged in business up to the time of his death in 
1900. After serving three years in charge of the 
Baltimore City Insane Asylum he engaged in prac- 
tice in Perth Amboy. He is visiting surgeon to the 
Perth Amboy City Hospital; is a memiber of tlie Mid- 
dlesex County District Medical Society, and the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. He was health officer of 
the Port of Perth Amboy from 1894 to the present 
time. He is a member of^ Raritan Lodge No. 61, F. 
and A. M., and Perth Amboy Lodge No. 73, B. P. O. E. 
He served as a member of the Assembly in 1908, '10 
and '11, and. as State Senator one term, 1913-'] 5, and 
was ap'pointedi a nxember of the State Water-Supply 
Commdssion the latter year. 

HENRY S. SCOVEL, Camden. 

Mr. Scovel was born in Camden', February 25th, 
1858, and is a lawyer. He served as solicitor for the 
Camden, Board of Freeholders from 1895 to 1897; was 
a mem:ber of the Assembly in 1896, '97, 1903 and '14, 
and. Prosecutor of the Pleas of Camden county five 
years, 1907-'12. He always took a prominent par-t 
in legislation. He was appointedi a member of the 
State Water-Supply Commission in 1915. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 439 

MORRIS R. SHERRERD, Consulting Engineer, 
Newark. 

Mr. Sherrerd was born in Scranton, Pa., December 
16th, 1865, and comes of a long line of distinguished 
Jerseymen. He was graduated from the Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, in the Class 
of 1886. He has held various important positions in 
the line of his profession, and has been Consulting 
Engineer of the New Jersey Water-Supply Commis- 
sion for several years. 



44 exf:cutive appointments. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 



1916 



(Witli the advice and the consent of the Senate,) 

Court of Errors and Appeals — William H. Vredenburgh. 

Supreme Court — Justice Charles G. Garrison. 

District Courts — Judges Frank Smathers, Atlantic City ; 
Peter Stillwell, Bayonne ; Freeman Woodhridge, New Bruns- 
wick ; Daniel A, Dugan, Orange ; W. Carrington Cabell, 
Passaic. 

County Courts — Essex, William P. Martin ; Cape May, 
Henry H. Eldridge ; Middlesex, Peter Francis Daly ; Salem, 
Edward C. Waddington ; Sussex, Allan R. Shay. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas — Passaic, Michael Dunn ; War- 
ren. William A. Stryker : Cape May. James Russell Carrow. 
ad in.; Gloucester. (Jrover C. Riclimau. ad in. 

State Board of Education — D. Stewart Craven. 

Commissioner of Education — Calvin N. Kendall. 

Public Library Commissioner — Moses Taylor Pyne. 

Banking and Insurance Commissioner — George M. La 
Monte. 

Civil Service Board — Andrew R. Fordyce. Jr. 

County Boards of Taxation — Atlantic, Thomas B. Wil- 
liams ; Bergen, Edwin F. Carpenter ; Burlington, Walter 
L. Stewart ; Camden, Francis D. Weaver ; Cape May, James 
T. Hoflfman ; Cumberland, Edward H. Corson ; Essex, Jerome 
T. Congleton ; Gloucester, William H. Wolff ; Hudson, 
Charles E. Annett ; Hunterdon, Choster Tomsou : Mercei. 
Edward B. Morris ; Middlesex. George J. Haney ; Mon- 
mouth, Albert I. Ivins ; Morris, Thomas Baker ; Ocean, 
Arthur B. Chute ; Passaic. Rrederiek Wolfhegel : Salem. 
Frank J. Gaventa ; Somerset, James E. Bathgate. Jr. : Sus- 
sex, Martin W. Bowman ; Union. Lloyd Thompson ; War- 
ren, A. G. Taylor. 

Fish and Game Commissioner — William A. Logue. 

Labor Department Commissioner — Lewis T. Bryant. 

State Board of Medical Examiners — William P, Watson, 
Charles A. Groves. D. Webb Grauberry, James J. McGuire. 

Conservation and Development Department — Stephen Pfei'. 
Henry C. White. 

Commerce and Navigation Department — Allen K. White. 
William T. Kirk. 
.Taxes and Assessment Department — George T. Bouton. 

Health Department — Moses A. Baker, William H. Chew. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 441 

Shell Fisheries Department — Charles It. Covert. Alfred 
B. Smith. 

Nurse Examiners' Board — Mary E. Rockhill, Frances A. 
Dennis. 

Palisades Interstate Park— George Waldridge Perkins, 
Richard V. Lindahury. 

Pilotage Commission — John R. Dewar, Benjamin Van 
Note, John J. Scully, William Maher. John Predmore. 

Inspectors State Prison — John F. Clark, Chavl(>s S. 
Stevens, ad in. 

Prison Labor Commission — Cook Conkling. 

State Reformatory Board — Rev. John Handley, David T 
Kenny. 

Tenement House Supervision — Miles W. Beemer. 

Water Supply Commission — Mahlon Hoagland, Harry S. 
Scovel. 

Women's Reformatory — Mrs. II. Otto Wittpcnn, .Mrs. T. 
H. Taylor, Thomas H. Flynn, James E. Brodhcad. ad in. 

State Home for Boys — Joseph P. Mitchell, Frank M. 
Donohoe. 

State Home \for Girls — Jeannotto C. Middloton. 

State Village for Epileptics — Richard H. Moldenke, Wil- 
liam A. Clark. 

Home for Feeble-minded Women — Harry H. Pond, Ida B. 
Phillips. 

Soldiers' Home (Vineland) — J. Howard Willets. 

Soldiers' Home (Kearny) — R. Wayne Parker, Henry 
Allers, Edwin H. Hine, Joseph H. Brensinger, John Grimes, 
ad in. 

Sanitorium for Tuberculous Diseases — Theodore W. Cor- 
win, Walter Kidde. 

Old Age Pension — Rev. Otis A. Glazebrook. 

Port Warden, Hudson county — Anthony Capelli. 

(Without the consent of the Senate.) 

State Board of Architects — Charles P. Baldwin, William 
A. Klemann, Louis H. Broome. 

Public Accountants — Edwin G. Woodling. 

State Board of Pharmacy — Henry A. Jorden. 

State Board of Dentistry — William E. Truex. 

Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners — James T. Glen- 
non, J. W. Haflfer. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund — Addison P. Poland, William 
R. Codington. 

Technical and Industrial Schools — Newark, Halsey M. 
Larter, Frederick L. Eberhardt ; Hoboken, Richard Stevens. 
Richard Beyer ; Trenton, John A. Campbell, Harry C. Taylor. 

Undertakers and Embalmers — Louis Pierce. 

Optometry Board — Lindell C. Ashburn, Freeman C. Leam- 
ing. 

Eight members Firemen's Home. 



442 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



President — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey. 

Vice-President — Tliomas R. Marshall, of Indiana. 

Secretary of State — Robert Lansing, of New York. 

Secretary of the Treasury — William Gibbs McAdoo, of 
New York. 

Secretary of War — Lindley M. Garrison, of New Jersey, 

Attorney-General^Thomas Watt Gregory, of Texas. 

Postmaster-General — Albert Sidney Burleson, of Texas. 

Secretary of the Navy — Josephus McDaniels, of North 
Carolina. 

Secretary of the Interior — Franklin Knight Lane, of Cali- 
fornia. 

Secretary of Agriculture — David Franklin Houston, of 
Missouri. 

Secretary of Commerce — William C. Redfield, of New 
York. 

Secretary of Labor — William Bauchop Wilson, of Penn- 
sylvania. 

Chief Justice of Supreme Court — Edward Douglas White, 
of Louisiana. 

Associate Justices — Joseph McKenna, of California ; 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, of Massachusetts ; William R. Day, 
of Ohio ; Charles E. Hughes, of New York ; Willis Van 
Devantcr, of Wyoming ; Joseph Rucker Lamar, of Georgia ; 
Mahlon Pitney, of New Jersey ; James Clark McReynolds, 
of Tennessee. 

SALARIES OF UNITED STATES OFFICIALS. 

President of the United States, $75,000 and an allowance 
of $25,000 for traveling expenses. 

Vice-President of the United States, $12,000. 

Members of the Cabinet, $12,000 each. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. 
$15,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, $14,500 each. 

Circuit Judges, $7,000 each. 

District Judges, $6,000 each. 

Senators and Representatives in Congress, $7,500 each, 
together with an allowance of twenty cents per mile for 
traveling from their homes to Washington for each regular 
session of Congress and $125 per annum for stationery. 
Representatives in Congress are also entitled to $1,500 per 
annum for clerk hire necessarily employed by them in the 
discharge of their official and representative duties. 

The Speaker of the House, $12,000 per annum. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 4i; 



SALARIES OF THE ARMY AND NAVY. 

The pay of officers in active service in the army is : 

Lieutenant-General, $11,000 a year ; Major-General, 
$8,000; Brigadier-General, $6,000; Colonel, $4,000; Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, $3,500 ; Major, $3,000 ; Captain, $2,400 ; 
First Lieutenant, $2,000, and Second Lieutenant, $1,700. 
From Colonel down the payment is increased every five 
years. 

In the navy the pay is : 

Admiral, $13,500; Rear Admiral, first nine, $8,000; sec- 
ond nine, $6,000; Captain, $4,000; Commanders, $3,500; 
Lieutenant-Commanders $3,000; Lieutenants, $2,400; 
Ensigns, $1,700 ; Midshipmen, $600. Officers buy their 
own clothing and equipment. 

OFFICERS OF THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Commander-in-Chief — Woodrow Wilson. 

Secretary of War — Lindley M. Garrison. 

Assistant Secretary of War — Henry S. Breckinridge. 

DEPARTMENT OF WAR. 

Major-Generals — Leonard Wood, J. Franklin Bell, Thomas 
H. Bany. William H. Carter, Arthur Murray, Frederick 
Funston, .Hugh L. Scott, Geo. W. Goethals. 

Brigadier-Generals — Tasker H. Bliss, Albert L. Mills, John 
J. Pershing, Montgomery M. Macomb. Robert K. Evans, 
Clarence R. Edwards, James Parker, Hunter Liggett, John 
P. Wisser, Thomas F. Davis, Charles J. Bailey, George Bell, 
Jr., Henry A. Greene, William A. Mann, Frederick S. 
Strong, Harry F. Hodges, William L. Sibert. 

GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMY. 

Major-General Hugh L. Scott, Chief of Staff ; Brigadier- 
Generals Albert L. Mills, Chief. Division Militia Affairs ; 
Erasmus M. Weaver, Chief, Coast Artillery. 

DEPARTMENTAL STAFF. 

Brigadier-Generals Henry P. McCain, The Adjutant- 
General ; Ernest A. Garlington, Inspector-General ; Enoch 
H. Crowder, Judge-Advocate-General ; Major-General James 
B. Aleshire, Quartermaster-General ; William C. GoTgas, 
Surgeon-General ; Brigadier-Generals Dan C. Kingman, Chief 
of Engineers ; William Crozier, Chief of Ordnance ; George 
P. Scriven, Chief Signal Officer ; Frank Mclntyre, Chief, 
Bureau Insular Affairs. 



444 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



OFFICERS OF THE NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Secretary — Josephus Daniels. 

Assistant Secretary — Franklin D. Roosevelt. 

Admiral — George Dewey. 

Rear Admirals — Thomas B. Howard, Walter C. Cowles, 
Austin M. Knight, Charles J. Badger, Reginald F. Nicholson, 
Charles B. T. Moore, Alfred Reynolds, Bradley A. Fiske, 
John R. Edwards, James M. Helm, Cameron McR. Winslow, 
Nathaniel R. Usher, Frank F. Fletcher, Frank E. Beatty, 
Robert M. Doyle, Wythe M. Parks, William B. Caperton, 
George S. Willits, Walter F. Worthington, William N. Little, 
Clifford J. Boush, Henry T. Mayo, Benjamin Tappan, Charles 
F. Pond, Walter McLean, Charles A. Gove. 

OFFICERS OF THE MARINE CORPS OF THE 
UNITED STATES. 

Major-General George Barnett, Commandant. 

Colonels — Charles H, Lauchheimer, Charles L. McCawley, 
Littleton W. T. Waller, Randolph Dickens, Lincoln Kar- 
many, Charles A. Doyen, James E. Mahoney, Joseph H. 
Pendleton, John A. Lejeune, Eli K. Cole. 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



445 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



(1789 to date.) 

FOR NEW JERSEY. 

The United States District Court was organized at New 
Brunswick, on Tuesday, December 22d, 1789. 

DISTRICT JUDGES. 



David Brearley 1789 

Robert Morris 1790 

William S. Pennington, 1817 

William Rossell 1-826 

Mahlon Dickerson 1840 

Philemon Dickerson. . . .1841 



John T. Nixon 1870 

Edward T. Green 1889 

Andrew Kirkpatrick. . . 1896 
William M. Lanning. . . 1904 

Joseph Cross 1905 

John Rellstab 1909 



Richard S. Field 1863 Thomas G. Haight 1914 



CLERKS. 



Jonathan Dayton 1789 

Andrew Kirkpatrick . . . 1790 

Robert Boggs 1791 

William Pennington 1817 

Joseph C. Potts 1840 

Edward N. Dickerson. . 1844 



Andrew Dutcher 1862 

Ralph H. Shreve 1863 

E. Mercer Shreve 1868 

Robert C. Bellville 1871 

William S. Bellville 1875 

Linsly Rowe 1882 



Philemon Dickerson, Jr.l853 George T. Cranmer. . . .1893 



MARSHALS. 



Thomas Lowry 1789 

John Heard 1802 

Oliver Barnett 1802 

Oliver W. Ogden 1808 

Robert S. Kennedy 1849 

George H. Nelden 1853 

Benijah Deacon 1866 

W. Budd Deacon 1868 



Samuel Plummer 1869 

Robert L. Hutchinson . .1877 

W. Budd Deacon 1882 

A. E. Gordon 188G 

W. Budd Deacon 1889 

George Pfeiffer 1893 

Thomas J. Alcott 1897 

Albert BoUschweiler . . . . 1914 



DISTRICT 

Richard Stockton 1789 

Abraham Ogden 1782 

Lucius H. Stockton 1798 

George C. Maxwell 1802 

Joseph Mcllvaine 1804 

Lucius Q. C. Elmer 1824 

Garret D. Wall 1828 

James S. Green 1837 

William Halsted. 1849 

Garrit S. Cannon 1853 



ATTORNEYS. 

Anthony Q. Keasbey . . . 1861 

Job H. Lippincott 1886 

Samuel F. Bigelow . . . . 1887 

George S. Duryea 1888 

Henry S. White 1890 

John W. Beekman 1894 

J. Kearny Rice 1896 

David O. Watkins 1900 

John B. Vreeland 1903 

J. Warren Davis 1913 



446 U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



PRESENT OFFICIALS. 
Circuit Justice Mahlon Pitney. 

(-Joseph Buffington. 
Circuit Judges ' .John B. McPherson. 

( Victor B. Woolley. 

District Judge John Rellstah. 

District Judge Thomas G. Haight. 

District Attorney j. Warren Davis. 

Assistant District Attorneys \^r^^'K\^- ^l"^""^- 

* Joseph L. Bodine. 
Marshal Albert Bollschweiler. 

I' John Prout. 

1 Linford A. Denny. 

I Woodbury B. Snowden. 
Deputy Marshals ^ Christopher V. Gormley. 

I Harry S. Provost. 

. Ferdinand W. Stahlin. 

[ Albert Ettelson. 
Clerk of District Court George T. Cranmer. 

r* Benjamin F. Havens. 

Deputy Clerks of District Court. . . J diaries S. Chevrier. 

I Robert S. Chevner. 

I William B. Reilly. 
Internal Revenue Collectors.... / ^am^el Iredell Camden 

1 Charles V. Duffy, Newark. 



SIXTY-FOURTH CONGRESS. 

(1915-'17.) 

New Jersey Members. 

Senators — James E. Martine, D., 1917 ; William Hughes, 
D., 1919. Salary, $7,500. 

Representatives — First district, William J. Browning, R. ; 
Second district, Isaac Bacharach. R. ; Third district, Thomas 
J. Scully, D. ; Fourth district Elijah C. Hutchinson, R. ; 
Fifth district, John H. Capstick, R. ; Sixth district, Archi- 
bald C. Hart, D. ; Seventh district, Dow H. Drukker. R. ; 
Eighth district, Edward W. Gray. R. ; Ninth district, Rich- 
ard Wayne Parker, R. ; . Tenth district, Frederick R. Lehl- 
bach. R. ; Eleventh district, John J. Eagan, D. ; Twelfth 
district, James A. Hamill, D. Salary, $7,500. 



STATE OFFICERS. 447 



STATE OFFICERS. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

Governor — James F. Fielder, 1017. 

Secretary to the Governor — L. Edward Herrmann. 

Executive Clerk — John J. Farrell. 

STATE DEPARTMENT. 

Secretary of State — Thomas F. Martin, 1920. 
Assistant Secretary — William L. Dill, 1020. 
Chief Clerk — Frank Transue. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

State Treasurer — Edward E. Grosscup, 1916. 
Deputy Treasurer — John S. Ware. 
State Comptroller — Edward I. Edwards, 1917. 
Deputy Comptroller — Isaac Doughton. 

LAW DEPARTMENT. 

Attorney-General — John W. Wescott, 1910. 
Assistant Attorney-General — Herbert Boggs, 1010. 
Second Assistant — Theodore Backes. 

Assistants' to the Attorney-General — Francis H. McGee, 
Josiah Stryker. 

ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

Court of Errors and Appeals — ;The Chancellor, the Chief 
Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court ; Judges William 
H. Vredenburgh, 1916 ; John J. White, 1918 ; Henry S. 
Terhune, 1919 ; Ernest J. Heppenheimer, 1910 ; Robert 
Williams, 1921 ; Frank M. Taylor, 1921. Clerk, Secretary 
of State. 

CHANCERY. 

Court of Chancery — Chancellor, Edwin Robert Walker, 
1919; Vice-chancellors, John R. Emery, 1916; Frederic 
W. Stevens, 1917 ; Eugene Stevenson, 1922 ; Edmund B. 
Leaming, 1920 ; James E. Howell, 1921 : Vivian M. Lewis, 
1919; John Griffin, 1920; John H. Backes, 1920. 

Ordinary and Surrogate-General — Edwin Robert Walker. 

Clerk in Chancery — Ro.bert H. McAdams, 1919. 

Deputy Clerk — Edward M. Appelgate. 

Chancery Reporter — James Buchanan, 1017. 



448 STATE OFFICERS. 



SUPREME COURT. 

Supreme Court — Chief Justice, William S. Gummere, 
1022 ; Associate Justices, Charles G. Garrison. 1916 ; Fran- 
cis J. Swayze, 1917 ; Thomas W. Trenchard, 1921 ; Charles 
W. Parker, 1921 ; James J. Bergen, 1921 ; James F. Min- 
turn. 1922 ; Samuel Kalisch. 191S ; Charles C. Black, 1922. 
Clerk of the Supreme Court — William C, Gehhardt, 1918 
Law Reporter — Charles E. Gummere, 1919. 

CIRCUIT COURT. 

Circuit Court Judges — Frederic Adams, 1917 ; Frank T. 
Lloyd. 1921 : William H. Speer. 1922 : Nelson Y. Dungan. 
1918: Howard B. Carrow, 1920; Luther A. Campbell. 
1921 ; George S. Silzer, 1922. 

PARDONS. 
Court of Pardons — Governor, Chancellor and Lay Judges 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals. Clerk, Secretary of 
State. Pardon Clerk, John J. Farrell. 

DISTRICT COURTS. 

District Court Judges — Atlantic City, Frank Smathers, 
1916; Bayonne, Peter Stilwell, 1916; Bergen county, First 
district. Bergenfield. E. Howard Foster. 192(» : Second dis- 
trict, East Rutherford, Guy Leverne Fake, 1919 ; Third 
district, Hackensack and Ridgewood, Peter W. Stagg, 1919 ; 
Camden, William C. French, 1917 : East Orange, Charles 
B. Clancy, 1920: Elizabeth. Abe J. David. I9l9 : Essex. 
First district, Montclair, James P. Mylod, 1917 ; Hoboken, 
J. W. Rufus Besson, 1918 ; Hudson county. First dis- 
trict. Town of Union, Francis H. McCauley, 1920 ; Mor- 
ris county. Morristown, Joseph Hinchman, 1920 ; Jersey 
City, John A. Blair, 1918 ; Charles L. Carrick, 1919 : 
Newark, Cecil H. McMahon, 1918; Frederick L. Johnson. 
1920 ; New Brunswick, Freeman Woodbridge, 1916 : Orange. 
Daniel A. Dugan, 1916 ; Passaic, W. Carrington Cabell, 
1916 : Paterson, Joseph A. Delaney, 1918 ; Plaintield, 
Walter L. Hetfield, Sr., 1917 ; Perth Amboy, Charles C 
Hommann, 1920 ; Somerset county. Somerville, William F. 
Vosseiler, 1920 : Trenton, John A. Montgomery, 1920 : 
Monmouth county. First district, Walter Taylor. Asliury 
Park, 1918 : Second district, Jacob Steiubach, Jr.. Long 
Branch, 1918. 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

Commander-in-Chief — The Governor. 
Adjutant-General — Wilbur F. Sadler. Jr. 
Quartermaster-General — Charles Edward Murray. 



STATE OFFICERS. 449 

Inspector-General of Rifle Practice — Bird W. Spencer. 

Inspector-General — Major Frederick W. Garvin. 

First Brigade — Brigadier-General Edwin W. Hine. 

Chief Clerk, Adjutant-General — Lieutenant-Colonel John 
M. Rogers, retired. 

Chief Clerk, Quartermaster-General — Major Samuel S. 
Armstrong, retired. 

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. 

State Board of Education — Joseph S. Frelinghuysen. 
President, Raritan, 1921 ; Melvin A. Rice, Vice-President. 
Red Bank, 1919; D. Stewart Craven, Salem, 1916; John 
P. Murray, Jersey City, 1920 ; Edmund B. Osborne, South 
Orange, 1917 ; John C. Van Dyke, New Brunswick, 1918 ; 
Edgar H. Sturtevant, Edgewater, 1922 ; Thomas W. Syn- 
nott, Wenonah, 1923 ; Calvin N. Kendall, Secretary. Meet- 
ings, first Saturday of each month at 10:30 a. m., at State 
House, Trenton. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

Commissioner of Education, Calvin N. Kendall, Trenton, 
1916. 

Assistant Commissioners — John Enright, Freehold ; Al- 
bert B. Meredith, Newark ; Lewis H. Carris, Newark ; 
Zenos E. Scott, Asbury Park. 

Bureau of Credentials — Chief, Thomas D. Sensox*. 

Educational Institutions — Normal School at Trenton. 
James M. Green, Principal ; Normal School at Montdair, 
Chas. S. Cnapin, Principal ; Normal School at Newark, W. 
Spader Willis, Principal ; Deaf Mute School at Trenton, 
John P. Walker, Principal ; Manual Training and Indus- 
trial School for Colored Youth, William R. Valentine, Prin- 
cipal. 

State Board of Examiners — Calvin N. Kendall, Chairman ; 
James M. Green, Charles S. Chapin, W. Spader Willis, Henry 
Snyder, Henry C. Krebs, Thomas D. Sensor, Secretary. 

Business Division — Herbert N. Morse, in charge ; In- 
spector of Accounts, W. C. Hopkins ; Inspector of Buildings, 
Charles McDermott. 

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS. 

Atlantic, Henry M. Cressman, Egg Harbor City ; Bergen, 
B. C. Wooster, Hackensack ; Burlington, Herman A. Stees, 
Mount Holly ; Camden, Charles S. Albertson, Magnolia ; 
Cape May, Aaron W. Hand, Cape May ; Cumberland, J. J. 
Unger, Bridgeton ; Essex, O. J. Morelock, Newark ; Glou- 
cester, Daniel T. Steelman, Glassboro ; Hudson, Charles C. 
Stimets, Jersey City ; Hunterdon, Jason S. Hofifman. Fleming- 
ton ; Mercer, Joseph M. Arnold, Princeton ; Middlesex, H. 

29 



450 STATE OFFICERS. 

Brewster Willis, New Brunswick ; Monmouth, Charles J. 
Strahan, Freehold ; Morris, J. Howard Hulsart, Morristown ; 
Ocean, Charles A. Morris, Toms River ; Passaic, Edward 
W. Garrison, Paterson ; Salem, H. C. Dixon, Salem ; 
Somerset, H. C. Krebs, Somerville ; Sussex, Ralph Decker, 
Sussex ; Union. A. L. Johnson, Elizabeth ; Warren, Charles 
A. Philhower, Phillipsburg. 

City Superintendents — Asbury Park, Amos E. Kraybill ; 
Atlantic City, C. B. Boyer, Supervising Principal ; Bayonne, 

; Bloomfield, George Morris ; Bordentown, H. 

V. Holloway ; Bridgeton. D. C. Porter; Burlington. Willnir 
Watts ; Camden. James E. Bryan ; East Orange, E. C. 
Broome ; Elizabeth, Richard E. Clement ; Englewood, Elmer 
C. Sherman ; Gloucester, W. F. Burns ; Hoboken, A. J. Dema- 
rest ; Irvington. Frank 11. Morrell ; Jersey City, Henry Sny- 
der ; Kearny. Herman Dressel ; Long Branch, Christopher 
Gregory ; Millville, Warren N, Drum ; Montclair, Don C. 
Bliss ; Morristown, Ira W. Travell ; Newark, Dr. A. B. Po- 
land ; New Brunswick, George H. Eckels ; North Bergen, M. 
F. Hustcd ; Ocean City, James M. Stevens ; Orange, W. E. 
Patrick; Passaic, F. S. Shepperd ; Paterson. J. R. Wilson; 
Perth Amboy, S. E. Shull ; Phillipsburg, H. J. Neal ; Plain- 
field, Henry M. Maxson ; Rahway, W. J. Bickett ; Salem, 
W. B. Davis ; Summit, Clinton S. Marsh ; Trenton, Ebe- 
nezer Mackey ! Town of Union, N. C. Billings ; West Ho- 
boken, M. H. Kinsley. 

SCHOOL FUND TRUSTEES. 

Trustees of the School Fund — Governor. Secretary of 
State, Attorney-General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer 
and Commissioner of Education. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

Commissioners — Governor, Chancellor, Chief Justice, 
Attorney-General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Comptroller 
State Librarian — John P. Dullard, 1919. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSIONERS. 

Moses Taylor Pyne, Chairman, Princeton, 1916 ; John P. 
Dullard, 1920 ; Everi1:t T. Tomlinson, Elizabeth, 1919 ; 
John Cotton Dana, Newark, 1917 ; Rev. Edmund J. Cleve- 
land, West Hoboken, 1918 ; Calvin N. Kendall, Commis- 
sioner of Education, ex-officio ; Henry C. Buchanan, Secre- 
tary ; Sarab B. Askew and Edna B. Pratt, Organizers, 
Trenton. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS. ETC. 451 

BOARDS, BUREAUS AND DEPART- 
MENTS. 



AUDITING DEPARTMENT. 

(Office of the State Comptroller.) 

Chief Auditor and Assistant to the Comptroller, John J. 
Nevin, Jersey City ; Assistants, Arthur F. McGrath, Jer- 
sey City ; William E. Maguire, Newark ; Joseph M. Coyle, 
Requisition Clerk, Hoboken ; John J. Heavey, Jersey City. 

ACCOUNTANTS, PUBLIC. 

Edwin G. Woodling, Cranford, 1916 ; William T. Sawyer, 
Elizabeth, 1918 ; John B. Niven, Upper Montclair, 1917. 

AGRICULTURAL. 

State Board of Agriculture — President, Joseph S. Fre- 
linghuysen, Somerville ; Treasurer, J. Harvey Darnell, Ma- 
sonville ; Secretary, Franklin Dye, Trenton ; State Plant 
Pathologist, Dr. Mel T. Cook, New Brunswick; State Ento- 
mologist, Dr. Thomas J. Headlee, New Brunswick. 

Commissioners of Agriculture College Fund — Governor, 
Secretary of State, Treasurer, Attorney-General and Comp- 
troller. 

STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

(New Brunswick.) 

Board of Visitors — First district, Wilbert Beckett, Swedes- 
boro ; Ephraim T. Gill, Haddonfield. Second district, 
Rhosha Thompson, Wrightstown ; Charles F. Seabrooke, 
Bridgeton. Third district, James C. Richdale, Phalanx ; 
James Neilson, New Brunswick. Fourth district, Josiah 
T. Allinson, Yardville ; John Davis, Jr., Lebanon. Fifth 
district, Daniel B. Wade, Union ; Theodore F. King, Ledge- 
wood. Sixth district, Nicodemus Warne, Broadway ; Freder- 
ick H. Curtis. Harrington Park. Seventh district, John 
Hollbach, Paterson ; Henry Marelli, Paterson. Eighth dis- 
trist, Edwin J. Ball, Newark ; James McCarthy, Jersey 
City. Ninth district, George Smith, East Orange ; William 
Reid, Orange. Tenth district, George E. De Camp, Rose- 
land ; Harry Bacchus, Caldwell. Eleventh district, Henry 
Lohman, Holx)ken ; Richard B. Meaney, Weehawken. 
Twelfth district, Addison T. Hastings, Jersey City ; John 
R. Hartung, Jersey City. All in 1917. 



452 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

Experiment Station No. 1 — Board of Managers : James 
Nellson, Esq., President ; Irving E. Quackenboss, Secretary 
and Treasurer ; Jacob G. Lipman, Ph.D.. Director. 

Experiment Station No. 2 — Trustees, the Board of Trus- 
tees of Rutgers College ; W. H. S. Demarest, LL.D.. Presi- 
dent ; J. Preston Searle, D.D.. Secretarj- : Henry P. Schnee- 
weiss, Treasurer: William H. Leupp^, Esq.. Chairman of 
Agricultural Committee ; Jacob G. Lipman, Ph.D., Director. 

ARCHITECTS, STATE BOARD. 

State Board of Architects — Charles P. Baldwin, President, 
Newark, 1916 : William A. Klemann, Secretary, Trenton, 
1916 ; Louis H. Broome, Jersey City, 1916 ; Frederick W. 
Wentworth, Paterson, 1917 ; Arnold H. Moses, Camden. 1917. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

Commissioner — George M. LaMonte. 1916. 

Deputy Commissioner — Thomas K. Johnston. 

Assistant Deputy — Christopher A. Goflf. 

Chief Clerk— Charles M. Bilderback. 

Chief, Building and Loan Division — Robert J. Thompson. 

CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Commissioner — Richard Stockton. Trenton. 1918. 
Assistant and State Architect — George S. Drew, Trenton. 
Consulting Engineer — Edward L. Pryor. 
Chief Clerk — Bessie E. Sutphin, Trenton. 

CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 

Board — Joseph W. McCrystal. Paterson, 1921 ; Caroline 
B. Alexander. President, Hoboken, 1919 ; Mary C. Jacobson, 
Newark. 1917 ; Benjamin F. Edsall. Secretary, Newark. 
1917 ; Robert L. Flemming, Jersey City, 1921 ; Charles J. 
Fisk. Plainfield, 1921 ; James Andrew Burns. Newark. 1919. 
Frances Day, Agent. 

CIVIL SERVICE. 

Commissioners — Alexander R. Fordyce, Jr., President. West 
Orange, 1916 : Joseph S. Hofif. Princeton. 1919 ; Edward 
H. Wright. Newark. 1917 ; George H. Burke. Paterson, 
1918. Chief Examiner and Secretary, Gardner Colby, 
Newark. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 453 

COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION, BOARD OF. 

(This department consolidates the Board of Riparian Com- 
missioners, the Department of Inland Waterways, In- 
spectors of Power Vessels and New Jersey Harbor 
Commission.) 
J. Spencer Smith, President, Tenafly, 1917 : Richard C. 
Jenkinson, Vice President. Newark, 1918 : Allen K. White, 
Atlantic City. 1916 ; William T. Kirk. Beverly, 1916 ; J. 
Ward Richardson, Bridgeton, 1917 ; William L. Saunders, 
North Plainfield, 1918 ; John M. Ward, Paterson. 1919 ; 
W. Parker Runyon, Perth Amboy, 1919. Chief Engineer 
and Secretary, Benjamin F. Cresson, Jr., Montclair ; As- 
sistant Chief Engineer, John C. Payne, Jersey City. 

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT, 
DEPARTMENT OF. 

(This department consolidates the Forest Park Reservation 
Commission, Geological Survey, Washington Crossing 
Park Commission, State Museum Commission. Fort 
Nonsense Park Commission and the State Water-Supply 
Commission; latter after June 30th, 1010.) 
Edward S. Savage, President, Rahway. 1918 ; Stephen 
I'feil, Camden, 1916 ; Heni-y Crofut White, North Plain- 
field, 1916 : Simon P. Northrup, Newark, 1917 ; Walter J. 
Buzby, Atlantic City, 1917 ; Charles Lathrop Pack, Lake- 
wood. 1918 ; George A. Steele, Eatontown, 1919 ; Nelson 
B. Gaskill. Trenton, 1919. Director and State B^orester, 
Alfred Gaskill ; State Geologist, Henry B. Kiimmel ; State 
Firewarden, Charles P. Wilber. 

ENTOMOLOGIST, STATE. 
Dr. John T. Headley, New Brunswick. 

FISH AND GAME DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioners — Ernest P. Napier, President, East Orange, 
1917 ; Bernard M. Shanley, Jr., Newark, 1918 ; William A. 
Logue, Treasurer, Bridgeton, 1916 ; William A. Faunce, 
Atlantic City, 1919. Secretary, Walter H. Fell. Trenton. 
Protector, James M. Stratton, Long Branch ; Assistant Pro- 
tector, Howard Mathis, New Gretna. Wardens, William B. 
Lodor, Egg Harbor City ; W. Henry Small, Englewood f 
Charles C. Morton, Mount Holly ; Charles W. Folker, Cam- 
den ; William Steel, Cape May Court House ; Fred S. Con- 
ner, Bridgeton; George W. Phifer, Ormond ; Fred J. Hall, 
Bloomfield ; John H. Avis, Woodbury ; John J. Park, White 
House StaJtion ; Harry M. Loveless, Trenton ; Charles 
Steuerwald, South Amboy; Anson J. Rider, Tuckerton ; 
E. R. Davis, Salem ; J. B. Hendershott, Newton ; William 
Hoblitzell, Rahway; H. E. Cudney, Washington; E. C. 



454 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

Burtis, Asbury Park ; W, E. Young, Chester ; H. W. D. 
White, Pennsville; C. E. Welsh, East Millstone; Phineas 
K. Hilliard, Manahawkin ; James H. Everinham, Bayville ; 
Otis C. Small, Hammonton ; Jacob D. Roe, Allamuchy. 

HEALTH, DEI'ARTMENT OF. 

William H. Chew, President, Salem, 1916; Moses N. 
Baker, C.E., Montclair, 1916; Edward A. Ayers, M.D., 
Branchville, 1917 ; Clyde Potts, C.E., Morristown, 1917 ; 
Oliver Kelly, Oak Tree, 1918 ; John M. Everitt, U.S., 
Hackettstown, 1918 ; J. Oliver McDonald. M.D., Trenton, 
1919 ; Harry Spence, M.D., Jersey City, 1919. Director. 
Dr. Jacob Cole Price ; Assistant Director and Chief of 
Laboratory of Hygiene. Dr. R. B. FitzRandolph ; Assistant 
Director, William C. Tice. 

Department Chiefs — Bureau of Medical Supervision, Dr. 
A. Claik Hunt ; Bureau of Local Health Administration, 
David C. Bowen ; Bureau of Vital Statistics. David S. 
South ; Bureau of Engineering, Chester G. Wigley : Bu- 
reau of Education and Publicity, Dr. Millard Knowltoii : 
Bureau of Food and Drugs, Wm. G. Tice, Acting Chief : 
Division of Milk Control, George W. McGuire ; Division ol: 
General Administration, Charles J. Merrell. 

HOSPITALS, STATE. 

Board of Managers at Morris Plains — John C. Eisoie. 
Newark, 1919 ; Albeit Richard, Dover, 1917 ; Dr. Jo.m 
Nevin, Jersey City, 1919 ; Patrick J. Ryan, President. 
Elizabeth, 1919 ; John T. Gillson, Paterson, 1917 ; Charles 
Hetzel, Newark, 1919 ; W. L. R. Lynd, Dover, 1917 ; Daniel 
S. Voorhees, Morristown, 1919. 

Board of Managers at Trenton — Joseph H. Moore, Hope- 
well, 1918 ; Luther M. Halsey, President, Williamstown. 
1917 ; Arthur D. Forst, Trenton, 1919 ; Alfred L. Ellis. 
Metuchen, 1917 ; William L. Black, Hammonton, 1919 : 
Stewart Baton, Princeton, 1917; Dr. George T. Tracy, 
Beverly, 1917 ; Dr. Joseph E. Raycroft, Princeton, 1917. 

Oflacers at Morris Plains — Medical Director, Britton D. 
Evans, M.D. ; Treasurer, Harrison P. Lindabury ; Warden, 
Orlando M. Bowen ; Secretary, Henry W. Buxton. 

Officers at Trenton — Medical Director, Dr. Harry A. Cot- 
ton, M.D. ; Treasurer, Harvey H. Johnson ; Warden, Samuel 
T. Atchley ; Secretary, Scott Scammell. 

INHERITANCE TAX SUPERVISORS. 

(Office of State Comptroller.) 

State Su,pervisor — William D. Kelly, State House, Ti-en- 
ton. 

District Supervisors — Louis A. Repetto, Atlantic City ; 
James D. Moore, Hackensack ; Charles Stokes, Beverly ; 



BOARDS. BUREAUS, ETC. 455 

John C. Dougliten, Camden : Joseph T. Sickler, Clarksboro : 
Laurence T. Fell, Newark : J. Ogden Burt, Bridgeton : 
David F. Edwards, Jersey City ; Adam < \ Robbing, Flem- 
ington ; Charles H. McDermott, Trenton ; Schuyler C. Van 
Cleef, New Brunswick : Wm. F. Lefferson, Manasquan ; 
C. Franklin Wilson, Morristown ; Geo. H. McCloskey. Point 
Pleasant ; Robert J. McDermott. Patcrson ; James E. Huls- 
hizor, Bernardsville ; Harold T. Simpson. Sussex : AllM^rt 
Steiner, Salem ; John P. Owens, Plainfield ; Edward L. 
Smith, Phillipsburg ; Jonathan Hand, Wildwood. 

LABOR DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner of Labor — Lewis T. Bryant, Atlantic City. 

Assistant Commissioner of Labor — John I. Holt, Trenton. 

Structural Iron Expert — Charles H. Weeks, South Orange. 
Electrical Inspector — Rowland H. Leveridge, Plainfield. 
Mechanical Engineer^ — Leonard W. Gavett, Plainfield. Metal- 
lurgical Expert — Lillian Erskine, Montclair. Employers' 
Liability Clerk — William E. Stubbs. Trenton. Inspectors — 
William Baird, Vineland ; William Crowley, Jersey City ; 
Harry J. Goas, West Orange : August Graf, Hoboken ; 
Crowell M. Haslett, Jersey City ; Patrick J. Hayes, Jersey 
City ; Edward M. Hotchkiss. Newark : George J. Jaeger, 
Newark ; Plenry Klussman, West Hoboken ; Henry Kuebole, 
Egg Harbor City ; Laura W. Moore, Camden ; Walter H. 
Orr, Trenton ; John Roach, Irvington ; Lydia E. Sayer, 
Newark ; William Schlachter. Orange ; W. J. E. Seder, 
Newark ; Nellie H. Slayback, Montclair ; George J. Speidel, 
Elizabeth ; Joseph Spitz, Newark ; James Stanton. Sussex : 
James H. Tallon, Trenton. Special Inspector, Edna M. 
Allen, Atlantic City. Mine Inspector, Augustus Munson, 
Dover. Examiners of Engineers and Firemen — Arthur L. 
Case. Plainfield ; Martin J. Hickey, Jersey City ; Joseph 
Scott, Whippany. 

MEDICAL, DENTISTRY, PHARMACY AND VETER- 
INARIAN. 

State Board Medical Examiners — Edward Hill Baldwin, 
Newark, President, 1918 ; William P. Watson, Jersey City, 
1916 ; Davis P. Borden, Paterson, 1917 ; Alexander Marcy, 
Jr., Riverton, 1918 ; John J. Mooney, Jersey City, 1918 ; 
F. W. Cornwell, Plainfield, 1917 : Alexander McAllister, Cam- 
den. 1917; Charles A. (xroves, East Orange, 1916; D. Webb 
Cranberry, East Orange, 1916 : James J. McGuire. ad in. 

State Board of Dentistry — W. E. Truax, President, Free- 
hold, 1916 : Charles P. Tuttle, Camden, 1918 ; H. S. Sutphln, 
Newark, 1920 ; Joseph Kussey, Newark, 1919 ; Vprnon D. 
Rood, Morristown, 1917. 



4S6 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

State Board of Pharmacy — Henry A. Jorden, Bridgeton, 
1916 ; Lewis W. Brown, Englewood, 1917 ; David Strauss, 
Elizabeth, 1919 ; George M. Berringer, Jr., Camden, 1920 ; 
Frederick A. Bongartz, Jersey City, 1918. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners — James D. 
Lindsay, Jersey City, 1918 ; Lester H. Stryker, Red Bank, 
1917 ; William A. Fitzpatrick, Burlington, 1917 ; James T. 
Glennon, Newark, 1916; J. W. Haffer, Paterson, 1916. 

MOTOR VEHICLE DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner — William L. Dill. 

Chief Clerk — E. Raymond Glover. 

Auditor — Nelson P. Howell. 

Inspectors (paid) — Chief, Edward Johnson, Jersey City. 

George Thompson, Somerville ; Anderson Shinn. Burling- 
ton ; Alexander Ackermann, West New York ; John W. Bald- 
win, Jersey City ; Charles D. Pedigree, Camden ; Dane B. 
Sawyer, Westwood ; E. Frank Boutillier, East Orange ; 
William Havens, Trenton ; Harry M. Shedd, Elizabeth ; 
Harry G. Burton, New Brunswick ; John A. G. Grant, 
Lakewood ; William K. Lovett, Wildwood ; William G. Vey, 
Hackettstown ; LeRoy Wyckoff, Manasquan ; Edward A. 
Martens, Newark ; Maurice R. Mines, Camden ; William K. 
Teel, Washington ; Howard S. Fulper, Hampton ; Lester 
W. Gilbert, Jersey City. 

NURSES. 

Board of Examiners — President, Marietta B. Squire, New- 
ark, 1917 ; Frances A. Dennis, Newark, 1916 ; Mary E. 
Rockhill, Camden, 1916 ; Secretary-treasurer, Jennie M. 
Shaw, Newark, 1918; Arabella R. Creech, 1918. 

OPTOMETRY STATE BOARD. 

Louis A. Rochat, Upper Montclair, 1917 ; Lindell C. Ash- 
burn, Cape May City, 1916 ; Freeman C. Leaming, Trenton, 
1916 ; Harry E. Pine, Bridgeton, 1918 ; Benjamin Block, 
Elizabeth, 1918. 

PALISADES INTERSTATE PARK. 

Commissioners — George Waldridge Perkins, New York 
Citv, 1916; Edward L. Partridge. New York City, 1920; 
J. buPratt White, Nyack, N. Y., 1919; William H. Porter, 
New I'ork City, 1918 : Frederick Sutro. Basking Ridge, 
1918; Charles W. Baker. Montclair. 1917; Richard V. 
Lindabury, Newark. 1916 ; INIornay Williams. Englewood, 
1919; W. Averell Harriman, Arden, N. Y., 1917; John J. 
Voorhees. .Jersey City, 1920. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS. ETC. 457 

PILOTAGE COMMISSION. 

Commissioners (office, 17 State street. New York City) — 
John R. Dewar, Jersey City, 1916 ; Benjamin Van Note, 
Lakewood, 1916 ; John W. Borden. Little Silver. 1917 ; John 
J. Scully. South Amhoy, 1916 ; William Maher, Hohoken, 
1916 ; John Predmore, Barnegat, 1916. 

POLICE JUSTICES. 

Orange — Edward W. Woodman. 1919. 
South Orange — Edward McDonough, 1917. 

PRISON, STATE— TRENTON. 

Head Keeper — Thomas B. Madden, 1917. 

Fiscal Agent — Joseph P. McCormack. 

Inspectors — Jacob Shurts, Somervillc. President. 1919 ; 
John F. Clark. Newark, 1916 ; Walter M. Dear, Jersey 
City, 1917 ; Wilson T. Jones, Franklinville, 1918 ; Alvah 
L. Alpaugh, New Germantown. 1921 ; Charles S. Stevens, 
Cedarville, ad in. 

PRISON LABOR COMMISSION. 

Henry Isleih. Paterson. 191S : Cook Conkling. President, 
Rutherford. 1916 : Richard H. More. Bridgeton, 1917 ; 
Commissioner of Charities and Corrections, Richard Stock- 
ton : Prison Inspector. Walter M. Dear; State Reformatory 
Commissioner. Freeman T. Woodbridge. 

PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSIONERS. 

Ralph W. E. Donges. Camden. President. 1919 : John J. 
Treacy, Jersey City. 1917 : John W. Slocum. Long Branch, 
1921. Counsel, Frank H. Sommer. Newark ; Secretary, 
Alfred N. Barber. Trenton. Inspectors — Philander Betts, 
Montclair (Chief Utilities Division) ; James Maybury. .Jr., 
Clifton : Charles A. Mead. Upper Montclair ; Winslow B. 
Ingham. Salem ; Henry S. Lyon. Newark : Peter J. Kerwin, 
Paterson ; G. Ae Irving, Jr., Newark : Ed. B. Annette, 
Bayoune. 

REFORMATORY, STATE— RAHWAY. 

George W. Fortmeyer, East Orange, ^918 ; Freeman T. 
Woodbridge, New Brunswick. 1917; Decatur M. Sawyer, 
Montclair. 1919 ; Foster M. Voorhees. Elizabeth. 1919 ; 
Edward D. Duffield. South Orange, 1917 ; Rev. John Hand- 
ley, Ocean Grove. 1916 ; Frank M. Stillman, Rahway, 1918 ; 
David T. Kenney, Plainfield, 1916. The Governor is an 
ex-officio member. Superintendent, Frank Moore ; Deputy 
Superintendent. Richard F. Cross ; Chief Parole Officer, 
Charles S. Moore ; Field Parole Officer, Benjamin H. Crosby. 



458 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

RAILROADS, JOINT COMPANIES. 

State Director — Robert D. Foote, Morristown, 1916. 

REPORTS, PUBLIC, DEPARTMENT. 
Commissioner — Benjamin B. Bobbitt, 1919. 

ROADS, PUBLIC, DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner — Edwin August Stevens, Hoboken, 1917. 
State Highway Engineer — Robert A. Meeker, Plainfield. 

SHELL FISHERIES DEPARTMENT. 

(This board supersedes all former Oyster Commissions. &c., 
and Board of Shell Fisheries.) 

Joseph P. Fowler, Port Norris, 1917 ; Charles R. Covert, 
Leesburg, 1916; Alfred B. Smith, East Atlantic City, 1916; 
Edward K. Allen, Jr., New Gretna, 1917 ; John W. Mason. 
Keyport, 1918 ; Augustus J. Meerwald, Dennisville, 1918 : 
Peter C. Cozier, Newport. 191;t ; Cornelius D. Kelly, West 
Creek. 1919. Director — George A. Mott. Tuckerton. Chief 
of Atlantic County Branch — Edmund B. Smith. Chief of 
Ocean, Monmouth and Burlington Branch — J. Harvey Kelly. 

SEWERAGE, PASSAIC VALLEY COMMISSION. 

Bernard W. Terlinde, Newark, 1920 : Peter Hauck. Har- 
rison, 1920; Frank J. Van Noort, Paterson. 1918; John 
F. Sinnott, Newark, 1917 ; James G. Blauvelt, Paterson, 
1919. Secretary-Treasurer — Joseph H. Quigg, Paterson. 

STATE ENGINEERING CONFERENCE. 

Organized pursuant to chapter 190, laws of 1915, and 
composed of officials and representatives of state depart- 
ments as follows : Department of Public Roads ; Public 
Utility Commission : Commissioner of Motor Vehicles : 
Director of Conservation and Development : Chief En- 
gineer of Commerce and Navigation ; State Board of Taxes 
and Assessment : State Architect : State Board of Agricul- 
ture ; Department of Health; Department of Labor; Civil 
Service Commission ; Water Supply Commission. Alfred 
Gaskill, Secretary. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION, 

The Governor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller. 
Custodian of the State House and Public Grounds — John 
A. Smith. Assistant — Charles E. Satterthwait. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS. ETC. 459 



TAXES AND ASSESSMENT, STATE BOARD OF. 

(This board supersedes the former Board of Equalization of 
Taxes and the State Board of Assessors.) 

Lucius T. Russell, President, Elizabeth, 1918 ; George T. 
Bouton, Jersey City, 1916 ; Frank B. Jess, Haddon Heights, 
1917 ; Fred. A. Gentleu, Tennsgrove, 1017 ; Isaac Barber. 
Phillipsburg, 1918. Secretary — Frank D. Schroth. Field 
Secretary and Clerk — Frank A. O'Connor. P^ngineor — Louis 
Focht. 

COUNTY BOARDS OF TAXATION. 

Atlantic County — Thomas B. Williams, Atlantic City, 
1916 ; John T. French, Atlantic City, 1918 ; 11. Starr 
Giddings, Atlantic City, 1917. Secretary, Franz T. Voelker, 
Atlantic City. 

Bergen County — Edwin F. Carpenter, Ramsey, 1916 ; Wil- 
liam Conklin, Englewood, 1918 : Frank Mcl^ees, Rutherford, 
1917. Secretary, Van Voorst Wells, Hackensack. 

Burlington County — Walter T. Stewart, Mount Holly, 
1916 ; Richard r. Hughes, Florence. 1918 ; William F. 
Morgan, Palmyra, 1917. Secretary, William H. Absalom, 
Mount Holly. 

Camden County — ^Francis D. Weaver, Camden, 1916 ; Wil- 
liam Schmid, East Camden, 1918 ; Charles A. McElhone, 
Gloucester City, 1917. Secretary, Herbert H. Pfeil, Camden. 

Cape May County — James T. Hoffman. Lower Township, 
1916; Oliver I. Blackwell, Wildwood, 1918; William J. 
Tyler, 1917. Secretary, Harry C, Stitos, Cape May Court 
House. 

Cumberland County— Edward H, Corson, Millville, 1916 ; 
George Hampton, Bridgeton, 1918 ; William Myers. Vineland, 
1917. Secretary, Linwood W. Errickson, Bridgeton. 

Essex County — Jerome T. Congleton, Newark, 1916 ; Wil- 
liam P. Macksey, East Orange, 1918 ; John B. Oelkers, 
Newark, 1917. Secretary, James A. Mungle. 

Gloucester County — William H. Wolfe, Swedesboro, 1916 ; 
William C. Allen, Westville, 1918 ; Thomas C. Dilkes, 
Woodbury, 1917. Secretary, Thomas W. Hurff, Woodbury, 

Hudson Count.v — Charles E. Annett, Jersey City, 1916 ; 
Philip McGovern, Jersey City, 1918 ; Thomas B. Usher. 
Jersey City, 1917. Secretary, Joseph P. McLean, Jersey 
City. 

Hunterdon County — Chester Tomson, Flemington. 1916 ; 
James H. Trewin, Flemington, 1918 ; Samuel D. Skillman, 
Whitehouse, 1917. Secretary, William D. Bloom. Fleming- 
ton. 

Mercer County — Alfred K. Leuckel, Trenton, 1918 : Frank 
R. Adams. Dutch Neck, 1917 ; Edward B. Morris, Trenton. 
1916. Secretary, Harry C. Hartpence, Trenton. 



460 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

Middlesex County — George J. Haney, Perth Amboy, 1916 ; 
William C. Jacques, New Brunswick, 1918 ; William D. 
Voorhees, Perth Amboy, 1917. Secretary, J, Edward 
Harned, Woodbridge. 

Monmouth County — Albert L. Ivins, Red Bank, 1916 ; 
Richard W. Herbert, Wickatunk, 1918 ; William K. Deve- 
reux, Asbury Park, 1917. Secretary, Charles L. Stout, 
Freehold. 

Morris County — Thomas Baker, Dover, 1916 ; George W. 
Weber, Madison, 1918 ; Edward A. Quayle, Morristown, 
1917. Secretary, Fred B. Bardon, Madison. 

Ocean County — Arthur B. Clute, Lakewood, 1916 ; Nicho- 
las McDonald, 1918 ; George C. Van Hise, Toms River, 
1917. Secretary, George H. Irons, Toms River 

Passaic County — Frederick Wolfhegel, Paterson, 1916 ; 
William G. Bateman, Passaic, 1918 ; Frank Van Cleve, 
1917. Secretary, Bernard L. Stafford, Paterson. 

Salem County — Frank J. Gaventa, Pedricktown, 1916 ; 
Clayton L. Batten, Penusville, 1918; Clark Pcttit. Salem, 
1917. Secretary, M. H. Stratton, Jr., Salem. 

Somerset County — James E. Bathgate, Jr., Basking Ridge, 
1916 ; Andrew R. Kenney, North Plainfield, 1918 ; William 
J. De Mond, Somerville, 1917. Secretary, Carlton P. Hoag- 
land, Somerville. 

Sussex County^Martin W. Bowman, Sussex. 1916 ; Rob- 
ert T. Johnson, Newton, 1918 ; B. Frank Quince, Sussex, 
1917. Secretary, Obadiah E. Armstrong, Newton. 

Union County — Lloyd Thompson, Westfield, 1916 ; John J. 
Collins, Elizabeth, 1918 ; William A. Coddington, Plainfield, 
1917. Secretary, John R. Connolly, Elizabeth. 

Warren County— Arthur G. Taylor, Phillipsburg, 1916 ; 
Michael Connlain, Phillipsburg, 1918 ; William J. Barker, 
Hackettstown, 1917. Secretary, Claude E. Cook, Phillipsburg. 

TEACHERS' RETIREMENT FUND. 

Trustees — Calvin N. Kendall, Trenton, President ; Edward 
E. Grosscup, Trenton, Treasurer ; Addison B. Poland, New- 
ark, 1916 ; William R. Codington, Plainfield, 1916 ; James 
E. Bryan, Camden, 1917 ; Elizabeth A. Allen, Hoboken, 
Secretary, 1918 ; S. Emily Potter, Newark, 1918 ; Miss Sophie 
M, Braun, Elizabeth, 1919. James Fitzpatrick, Paterson, 
1919; William G. Bumstead, Jersey City, 1917. 

TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS. 

Trustees Newark Technical School — John B. Stobaeus, 
1918 ; Herbert P. Gleason, 1918 ; Samuel E. Robertson, 
1919 ; John A. Furman, 1919 ; Halsey M. Larter, 1916 ; 
Frederick L. Eberhardt, 1916; Peter Campbell, 1917; 
Abraham Rothschild, 1917. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 461 

Trustees Industrial Education, Hoboken — John Henry 
Cuntz, 1918 ; William L. E. Keuffel, 1918 ; Helena , Wil- 
lenborg, 1919 ; Richard Stevens, 1916 ; Mrs. C. B. 'Alex- 
ander, 1917 ; James Smith, 1917 ; J. W. Rufus Besson, 
1919; Richard Beyer, 1916. 

Board of Trustees of Industrial Education, Trenton — 
Frederick H. Clark, 1917; Edward C. Stover, 1917; Her- 
man C. Mueller, 1918 ; Harry C. Taylor, 1916 ; Clifton 
Reeves, 1918 ; Charles Howell Cook, 1919 ; John S. Brough- 
ton, 1919 ; John A. Campbell, 1916. All December 30th. 
Robert C. Belville, Secretary. 

TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION, BOARD. 

John A. Campbell, President, Trenton, 1920 ; James M. 
Stewart, Paterson, 1917 ; Clinton Mackenzie, Elizabeth, 
1919 ; Miles W. Beemer, Jersey City, 1916 ; William Locke 
Rockwell, Montclair, 1918. Secretary, Captain Charles J. 
Allen, Newark. 

UNDERTAKERS AND EMBALMERS, BOARD. 

John F. Martin, Elizabeth, Secretary, 1918 ; John A. 
Maxwell, Somerville, 1918; Louis Pierce, Bridgeton, 1916; 
William Stafford, Paterson, 1918; William H. Hannold, Jr., 
Swedesboro, 1918. 

WATER SUPPLY COMMISSIONERS. 

(Board expires July 1st, 1916.) 

Mahlon Hoaglaud, President, Rockaway, 1916 ; Charles 
A. Meyer, Andover, 1918 ; Laurent J. Tonnele, Jersey City, 
1919 ; William E. Ramsay, Perth Amboy, 1916 ; Harry S. 
Scovel, Camden, 1916. Secretarj' — Nathan Prendergast, 
Jersey City. Engineer — Morris R. Sherrerd. 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

State Superintendent — William L. Waldron, Trenton, 1917. 
Assistants — Robert Lang, Jr., Jersey City ; Charles E. 
Brown, East Orange ; J. Frank Fowler, Trenton. 



462 HOMES. SANITORIUMS. ETC. 



HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 



BOYS, STATE HOME FOR. 

Jamesburg. 

Trustees — Arthur D. Chandler, Orange, 1918 ; Martin C 
Ribsam, Trenton, 1918 ; Joseph Mitchell, Jersey City, 1916 ; 
George M. Lamont, Bound Brook, 1917 ; Frank M. Donohue, 
President, New Brunswick, 1916 ; Augustus S. Crane, Eliza- 
beth, 1917. Superintendent — Richard J. Drever. 

GIRLS, STATE HOME FOR. 

Trenton. 

Trustees — J. Mitchell Reese, Phillipsburg, President, 1920 ; 
Jeannette Coyne Middleton, Trenton, 1916 ; Alice Cantwell, 
Trenton, Secretary, 1917 ; Paula Laddy, Newark, 1918 ; 
James H. Cubberly, Jersey City, Treasurer, 1919. Superin- 
tendent, Mrs. Elizabeth V. H. Mansell. Parole Officers, Miss 
Nellie F. Dullard, Trenton ; Mrs. Bertha Clark, Newark. 

EPILEPTICS, VILLAGE FOR. 

(Henry M. Weeks Hospital.) 

Skillman Station (Somerset county). 

Herman F. Moosbrugger, President, Somerville, 1918 ; 
Jonas A. Fuld, Secretary, Trenton, 1919 ; Dr. Richard Mol- 
denke, Watchung, 1916 ; Georgiana Doane Collard, Treas- 
urer, Jersey City, 1917; Dr. William A. Clark, Trenton, 
1916 ; Dr. J. M. Carnochan, Princeton, 1919 ; John Edward 
Clark, New Brunswick, 1918 ; Mrs. Frank Hyde, Plainfield, 
1917. Superintendent, Dr. David F. Weeks. Steward, Wil- 
liam H. Schultz, 

FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 
Vineland. 

New Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Girls and 
Boys, Vineland. Directors — Governor, ex-officio ; D. Wilson 
Moore, Colorado Springs, 1919 : Bleecker Van Wagenen, 
New York, 1919 ; Thomas J. Smith, M.D., Bridgeton, 1919 ; 
Rev. H. H. Beadle, Bridgeton. 1916; E. E. Read, Jr.. Cam- 
den, 1916 : Milton J. Greenman, Philadelphia, 1917 ; W. 
Graham T^-ler, Philadelphia, 1917 ; Charles Keighley, Vine- 



HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 463 

land, 1917 ; P. P. Baker, Wildwood Crest, 1918 ; Howard 
L. Branson, Vineland, 1916; E. C. Stokes, Millville, 1918; 
Samuel Fels. Philadelphia, 1917 ; Maurice B. Aj^ars, Salem, 
1919 ; D. Harry Chandler, Vineland, 1918 ; R. Bayard Cut- 
ting, New York, 1918. Officers of the Board— Philip P. 
Baker, President ; W. Graham Tyler, Vice-President ; Ed- 
ward R. Johnstone, Secretary and Superintendent, 

FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

Vineland, 

Board of Managers — Mrs. Annie E. Gile, Bloomfield, 1921 ; 
George B. Thorn, Treasurer, Crosswiciis, 1918 ; Harry H. 
Pond, President, Vineland, 1916 ; Richard C. Jenkinson, 
Newark, 1921 ; William J. Dawson. Wenonah. 1918 ; Mrs. 
Bloomfield H. Minch, Bridgeton, 1918; Ida B. Phillips, 
Secretary, Trenton, 1916 ; Dr. Madeleine A. Hallowell, 
Supervisor and Medical Director. 

FIREMEN'S HOME. 

Boonton. 

Managers — James K. Manning, Chairman, Elizabeth, 1916 ; 
Egbert Seymour, Bayonne, 1916 ; Bird W. Spencer, Passaic ; 
Jacob L. Bunnell, Newton, 1916 ; George E. Mead, Perth 
Amboy, 1916 ; John Kennell, Passaic, 1916 ; Edward O'Don- 
nell, Jersey City, 1916 ; John Senft, Merchantville, 1918 ; 
William B. Vandegrift, Burlington, 1918 ; Patrick Farrell, 
Montclair, 1918 ; Michael A. Dunn, Hoboken, 1918 ; Elias 
K. Leslie, Trenton, Secretary, 1916; William H. Matthews, 
Orange, 1916. The State Comptroller and Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance and President of the State Firemen's 
Association are members ex-officio. 

SOLDIERS, HOME FOR DISABLED. 
Kearny, Hudson county, N. J. 

Managers — Captain R. Wayne Parker, NewarK, 1916 ; 
Colonel Henry Allers, M.D., Treasurer, Harrison, 1916 ; 
General Edwin W. Hine, President, Newark, 1916 ; General 
Joseph H. Brensinger, Jersey City, 1916 ; John Grimes, 
Jersey City, ad in. ; William C. Smith, North Plainfield, 
1918. The Commander of the G. A. R. 

Officers — Superintendent, James F. Connelly ; Adjutant, 
Alonzo P. Lenox ; Quartermaster, George C. Chandler ; 
Surgeon, Eugene H. Golberg, M.D. ; Chaplain, Rev. John D. 
Ferguson. 



464 HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 

SOLDIERS, DISABLED, SAILORS, MARINES AND 

THEIR WIVES. 

Vineland. 

Managers — J. Howard Willets, Port Elizabeth. 1916 
Joseph R. Durell, Trenton, 1919 ; George Barrett, Camden 
1919 ; Cyrus F. Osgood. Hammonton, 1919 ; John W. Bodine 
Camden, 1920, The Commander of the G. A. R. ; Com 
mandant John Shields ; Adjutant, Ed. P. Southwick 
Surgeon, John S. Halsey ; Matron, Emma J. Southwick. 

TUBERCULOUS DISEASES, SANITORIUM FOR. 

Glen Gardner (Hunterdon county). 

Board of Managers — William H. Kenslnger, Camden, 1919 : 
Frederick J. Hughes, North Plainfield, 1918 ; Elmer Howard 
Loomis, Princeton, 1919 ; Edwin J. Burke. Secretary and 
Treasurer, Trenton, 1917 ; Theodore W. Corwin, President, 
Newark, 1916; Lucy J. W. Taylor, High Bridge. 1918; 
Walter Kidde, Montclair, 1916 ; Dr. Frederick C. Low, 
High Bridge, 1917. Medical Director, Dr. Samuel B. Eng- 
lish ; Assistant, Dr. Henry B. Dunham. 

WOMEN'S REFORMATORY COMMISSION. 

Board of Managers — President. Mrs. H. Otto Wittpenn. 
Jersey City, 1916 ; Secretary, Anna I. LaMonte. Bound 
Brook. 1918 ; Treasurer, Alfred G. Evans, Madison, 1917 ; 
Mrs. Thomas B. Taylor, Montclair, 1916 : Dr. Thomas H. 
Flynn, Somerville, 19l6 ; James H. Brodhead. Flemington, 
1918 : Mabel C. Fielder, Jersey City, 1917 ; Mrs. Rudolph 
V. Kuser, Trenton, 1918 ; Superintendent, Miss May 
Caughey. 



COMMISSIONS. 



COMMISSIONS. 



BLIND, TO AMELIORATE CONDITION OF. 

William Fellowes Morgan, Short Hills, 1918 ; C. Rudolph 
Diefenbach, Jersey City. 1917 ; Mrs. Albert T. Beckett, 
Salem, 1918 ; Mrs. Emilie Benson Welsh, Montclair, 1918 ; 
Mrs. Harriet Fisher Andrews, Trenton, 1918. 

DELAWARE RIVER TOLL BRIDGES. 

John A. Campbell. President, Trenton ; ~ Reginald W. Dar- 
nell, rhillipsburg ; Phineas K. Hazen, Lambertville. Secre- 
tary, Frank Barkley, Lambertville. 

EAST JERSEY PROPRIETORSHIP. 

John D. Prince, Ringwood ; Frankland Briggs, Newark ; 
Heulings Lippincott, Camden 

ECONOMY AND EFFICIENCY. 

Walter E. Edge, Atlantic City ; James F. O'Melia, Secre- 
tary, Jersey City ; Peter J. McGinnis, Paterson ; Samuel 
Ludlow, Jr., Jersey City ; William Kraft, Camden ; Arthur 
M. Agnew, Grantwood ; Arthur N. Pierson. Westfield. Clerk, 
James C. Kelly, Jersey City. Counsel, Nelson B. Gaskill, 
Mount Holly. 

EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION. 

Robert A. Messier, Thomas D. Sensor and Rev. William 
L. Roundtree, Trenton ; George Hampton, Bridgeton ; 
William Riddle, Atlantic City ; Rev. A. Mark Harris, Jer- 
sey City ; Dr. Clement T. Branch, Camden. Chief Organ- 
izer, Rev. Solomon P. Hood, Trenton. 

EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY. 

William Dickson, Montclair; Walter E. Edge, Atlantic 
City ; J. William Clark, Newark ; Samuel Botterill, East 
Orange ; John C. Cosgrove, Elizabeth ; Edward K. Mills, 
Morristown. All 1917. 

HIGHWAY COMMISSION. 

Governor, President of the Senate, Speaker of the House 
and Public Road Commissioner. 

30 



466 COMMISSIONS. 

IMMIGRATION. 

Robert A. Franks, Orange ; William Fellowes Morgan, Short 
Hills ; Robert Fleming, Jersey City. Secretary, Alexander 
Cleland. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 

George R. Howe, President, Newark ; George G. Tennant, 
Jersey City ; William A. Bainbridge, Roselle Park ; John 
W. Ferguson, Paterson ; Ferdinand W. Roebling, Jr., Tren- 
ton. Secretary, Albert A. Snowden, Newark. 

LAND MARKS PRESERVATION. 

Ernest R. Ackerman, Plainfield ; William C. Gebhardt, 
Clinton ; George M. La Monte, Bound Brook ; Henry E. 
Newman, Lakewood ; Thomas R. Layden, Paterson ; va- 
cancy. 

LIVE STOCK. 

Dr. Jacob G. Lipman, New Brunswick ; Samuel S. Con- 
over, Harrisonville ; Fred C. Minkler, Secretary, New 
Brunswick ; E'phraim T. Gill, Haddonfleld ; Dr. James T. 
Glennon, Newark. 

MENTAL DEFECTIVES COMMISSION. 

Richard Stockton, Trenton ; Dr. Stewart Paton, Prince- 
ton ; Dr. John L. Nevin, Jersey City ; Edmund E. Read, 
Jr., Camden ; Edward D. Page, Oakland. 

MECHANICS' LIEN LAW REVISION. 

Frank H. Genung, Newark ; Arthur Quinn, Perth Amboy ; 
James G. Blauvelt, Paterson ; William E. Tuttle, Westfield. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 

Members — Comptroller of the Treasury, Adjutant-General, 
Quartermaster-General, President of Senate, Speaker of 
House of Assembly, Theodore W. Morris, President ; James 
T. Burtis, Treasurer ; John B. Conover ; Joseph A. Yard, 
Secretary, Freehold. 

MORRIS CANAL ABANDONMENT. 

John W. Wescott, Camden ; Charles H. Ingersoll, East 
Orange ; Foster F. Birch, Dover ; John I. Blair Reiley, 
Phillipsburg ; C. Howard Slater, Jersey City ; Henry M. 
Doremus, Newark ; Carlton Godfrey, Atlantic City ; Man- 
gold H. Ellenbogan, Paterson ; Fred G. Stickel, Jr., Newark ; 
Albert F. Ganz, Hoboken ; William Libbey, Princeton ; Jan 
D. Ely, Marlboro. 



COMMISSIONS. 467 

OLD AGE PENSION. 

Thomas R. Laydon, Paterson. 1917 ; Everett Colby, West 
Orange, 1919 ; Charles McLaughlin, Paterson. 1918 ; Rev. 
Dr. Otis A. Glazebrook, Elizabeth, 1916 ; John' H. Adamson, 
Clifton, 1920. 

PANAMA EXPOSITION COMMISSION. 

Robert S. Hudspeth, Jersey City, Chairman ; John Frank- 
lin Fort, East Orange ; Johnston Cornish, Washington ; 
Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah ; Joseph K. Waddington, 
Salem ; A. C. Baker, Atlantic ; Walter P. Gardner, Jersey 
City ; C. W. Breckenbridge, Hackensack ; Curtis R. Burnett, 
Newark ; Dennis F. Collins, Elizabeth ; Frederick W. Don- 
nelly, Trenton. Secretary, Charles F. Pancoast, Salem. 

PASSAIC RIVER NAVIGATION. 

J. Willard De Yoe, David Boyle and William A. Hopson. 
Paterson; Anton L. Pettersen and John Schmidt, Passaic. 

TUBERCULOSIS IN ANIMALS. 

President, Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, Somerville ; Secretary, 
Franklin Dye, Trenton ; A. A. Cortelyou, Somerville ; Wil- 
liam Richman, Treasurer, Sharptown ; Benjamin F. Buzby, 
Swedesboro ; John C. Sharp, Blairstown ; George M. La 
Monte, Bound Brook. 

UNIFORM LEGISLATION IN UNITED STATES. 

Frank Bergen, Elizabeth ; John R. Hardin, Newark ; 
Mark A. Sullivan, Jersey City. All in 1920. 

VALLEY FORGE MONUMENT. 

John H. Fort, President, Camden ; A. J. Demarest, Treas- 
urer, Hoboken ; James L. Pennypacker, Secretary, Haddon- 
field ; David P. Mulford, Bridgeton. All in 1917. 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY. 

Morristown. 

President, Alfred Elmer Mills ; First Vice-President, 
Willard W. Cutler ; Second Vice-President, Henry A. 
Henriques ; Secretary, Henry C. Pitney, Jr. ; Treasurer, 
John H. Bonsall ; Curator, Miss Altha E. Hatch ; Trus- 
tees, 1915, Alfred Elmer Mills, Henry C. Pitney, Jr., Henry 
A. Henriques, Willard W. Cutler, George R. Howe, John H. 
Bonsall, Charles M. Lum, Francis J. Swayze, Philander B. 
Pierson ; Executive Committee, 1915, Alfred Elmer Mills, 
Willard W. Cutler, Henry A. Henriques, Henry C. Pitney, 
Jr., John H. Bonsall, Miss Altha E. Hatch, Wynant D. 
Vanderpool. 



468 LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 



LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 



New Year's Day — January 1st. 
Lincoln's Birthday — February 12th. 
Washin2:ton's Birthday — February 22d. 
Good Friday— April 21st. 
Memorial Day — May 30th. 
Independence Day — July 4th. 
Labor Day — First Monday in September. 
Columbus Day — October 12th. 
Thanksgiving Day — Last Thursday in November. 
General Election Day — First Tuesday after first Monday 
in November. 

Christmas Day — December 25th. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 469 

SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



OF STATE OFFICERS AND MEMBERS AND OFFICERS OF THE 
LEGISLATURE. 

EXECUTIVE, STATE, TREASURY AND LAW DEPART- 
MENTS. 

Governor, three years, $10,000. Secretary to the Governor, 
three years, $4,000. Executive Clerk. $2,100. 

Secretary of State, five years, $6,000. Assistant, five 
years, $3,000. 

State Treasurer, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy State Treasurer, $4,500. 

State Comptroller, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy Comptroller, three years, $3,600. 

Attorney-General, five years, $7,000. 

Assistant Attorney-General, $5,000 ; Second Assistant, 
$4,800. 

THE COURTS. 

Chancellor, seven years, $13,000. 

Vice-Chancellors, seven years, $12,000. 

Clerk in Chancery, five years, $6,000 ; Deputy, $3,000. 

Chief Justice Supreme Court, seven years, $13,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, seven years, 
$12,000. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court, five years, $6,000. 

Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals, six years, $20 
a day for attendance at Court and $20 a day, not exceeding 
thirty days each term, when engaged in examination of 
cases or vp^riting of opinions. 

Circuit Court Judges, seven years, $9,000. 

Chancery and Law Reporters, each $500. 

Sergeants-at-Arms, Chancery Chambers, $1,500. 

Judges of County Courts (Common Pleas, &c.), five years. 
Essex and Hudson, $7,500 ; Passaic, Bergen, Camden and 
Union, $6,500 ; Mercer, Middlesex and Monmouth, $6,000 ; 
Atlantic, Burlington and Morris, $4,500 ; Cumberland, 
Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem. Somerset and Warren, $3,000 ; 
Sussex, $2,700 ; Cape May and Ocean, $1,800. 

Juvenile Courts, Essex and Hudson counties, five years, 
$5,000. Attendants, each $1,200. 

District Court Judges, five years. Newark and Jersey 
City (two each), $4,000; Clerks, $2,000; Deputy Clerks, 
$1,500; Assistant Clerks, $1,200. Paterson, Trenton, Cam- 
den, $3,500; Clerks, $1,750. Atlantic City, Bayonne, Ho- 
boken, Passaic, Elizabeth, $3,000; Clerks, $1,500. East 
Orange, Orange, New Brunswick and Perth Amboy, $2,500 ; 
Clerks, $1,250. Plainfield, $2,000; Clerk, $900. 



4 70 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

Judicial Districts. Essex, First district, $2,000 ; Hudson, 
First district, $2,000; Bergen (three), Morris, Somerset, 
$2,000; Monmouth (two). $1,800; Clerks, $1,200; $900 
to $600, according to population. Assistant Clerks, $800, 
$500, $350. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas, five years. Essex and Hudson. 
$8,000 ; two assistants in Essex and Hudson. $6,000 and 
$4,000. Bergen, Camden, Passaic and Union, $7,500. Mer- 
cer and Middlesex, $6,000. Monmouth, $4,500. Atlantic. 
Morris, $4,000. Burlington, $3,000. Cumberland, Warren, 
Somerset, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem, Sussex, Cape May, 
Ocean, $2,000. 

Assistant Prosecutors. Passaic, $5,000. Atlantic, Mon- 
mouth, Camden, Bergen and Union, $3,000. Mercer and 
Middlesex, $2,500. Morris and Somerset, $1,500. 

Sheriffs, three years. Essex and Hudson, $10,000. 

County Clerks, Surrogates and Registers of Deeds, five 
years. Essex and Hudson, $7,500. 

In all other counties the term of office for the officials 
above named is the same and the salaries are as follows : 
Passaic, Bergen, Camden, Mercer, Middlesex, Union, $6,500 ; 
Monmouth, $5,500; Atlantic, Burlington, Morris, $4,500; 
Cumberland, $3,500 ; Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem, Somer- 
set, Sussex, Warren, $2,500; Cape May, Ocean, $2,000. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 
Commissioner, three years, $6,000; Deputy, $3,500. 

MILITARY. 

Adjutant-General, $2,500; Chief Clerk, $2,500. 
Quartermaster-General, $2,500; Chief Clerk, $2,500. 
Military Storekeeper, $1,200. 

EDUCATIONAL— STATE LIBRARY, ETC. 

State Board of Education, eight years, no salary. 

State Commissioner of Education, five years, $10,000. 

Four Assistant Commissioners, each $4,500 ; Inspector of 
Buildings, $2,000; Inspector of Accounts, $2,000. 

Principal of Trenton Normal School, $5,500 ; Steward, 
$1,700. Principal Montclair Normal School, $6,000. Prin- 
cipal Newark Normal School, $5,000. 

County Superintendents of Public Schools, three years, 
$3,000 ; Clerks, $600. 

State Librarian, five years, $3,000 ; Assistants, $3,280. 

Public Library Commissionei:s, five years, no salary. 

COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION DEPARTMENT. 

Members, eight, four years, no salary. 

Chief Engineer, four years, $5,000 ; Assistant Chief, 
$4,500; Inspector, $1,200. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 471 

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT. 

Members, eight, four years, no salary. 

Director, four years, $4,200 ; State Geologist, $4,000 ; 
Assistant, $2,600; Chemist, $2,400. 

STATE PRISON AND REFORMATORIES, ETC. 

Keeper of the State Prison, five years, $3,500. 

Inspectors of the State Prison, six years, $500. 

Fiscal Agent of the State Prison, S2.000. 

Moral Instructors of the State Prison, $1,200 ; Resident 
Physician, $1,900 ; Visiting Physician, $1,800. 

Commissioners of the New Jersey Reformatory, four years, 
no salary. 

Superintendent of the New Jersey Reformatory, five 
years, $4,000 ; Deputy Superintendent and Chief Parole 
Officer, $1,500. 

State Reformatory for Women, six Commissioners, three 
years, no salary ; Superintendent, $1,200. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

Board of Managers, five years, no salary. 

Morris Plains — Medical Director, $6,000 ; two Senior 
Physicians, $2,000 each ; two Junior Physicians, $1,700 
each ; one Junior, $1,500 ; two Juniors, $1,400 each ; one 
Junior, $1,300; Warden, $3,000; Treasurer, $500; Secre- 
tary, $1,000. 

Trenton — Medical Director, $4,500 ; First Assistant, 
$2,000 ; Second Assistant, $1,500 ; Third Assistant, $1,200 ; 
Fourth Assistant, $1,500 ; Fifth Assistant, $1,000 ; Warden, 
$3,500 ; Treasurer, $500 ; Secretary, $1,000. 

TAXES AND ASSESSMENT. 

Members of Board, three years. President, $4,000 ; other 
members, $3,000 ; Secretary, $2,500 ; Field Secretary, $2,500. 

County Boards — Essex and Hudson, $3,500 : Passaic. 
$2.200 ; Bergen. Camden and Union, $2,000 ; Mercer and 
Middlesex. $1,800; Monmouth. $1,600; Atlantic and Mor- 
ris, $1,400 ; Burlington and Cumberland, $1,200 ; Cape 
May, Hunterdon, Ocean, Gloucester, Salem, Somerset, Sussex 
and Warren, $1,000. 

PUBLIC UTILITY AND WATER-SUPPLY COMMISSIONS. 

Public Utility Commission, six years, $7,500 ; Counsel, 

$7,500 ; Assistant Counsel, $2,500 ; Secretary. $4,000 ; Chief 
Inspector. $5,000 ; Inspectors, $1,500, $1,800, $2,500, $3,000, 
$3,600. 

Water-supply Commission, $2,500 ; Secretary, $2,500 ; 
Engineer, $3,000. 



472 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

SHELL FISHERIES DErARTMENT. 

Eigbt members, four years, no salary. Director, three 
years, $2,000; Chieifs of Divisions, $1,200 each. 

LABOR DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner Department of Labor, three years, $6,000 ; 
Assistant Commissioner, three years, $3,000 ; Inspectors, 
$1,500. 

. Employers' Liability Clerk, Expert, $2.000 ; Assistants, 
$2,000 and $1^800. 

CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Commissioner, three years, $4,000: Assistant, three 
years, $3,600 ; draii2:htsman. $7,000 ; clerical services, $6,150. 

STATE HOUSE CUSTODIAN. 

Custodian of the State House, at pleasure of the Governor, 
State Treasurer and State Comptroller, $3,500 ; Assistant, 
$1,500. 

CIVIL SERVICE BOARD. REPORTS COMMISSIONER AND 
AUDITORS. 

Auditors of Accounts in Comptroller's Department, Chief, 
$3,000 : Assistants, $2,000 each ; Stenographer, $600. 

Commissioner of Public Reports, five years, $2,000 ; 
Clerk, $600. 

Expert Printer, $900 ; appointed by the Comptroller. 

Civil Service Commissioners, four years, $2,000. Presi- 
dent. $2.500 ; Chief Examiner and Secretary, $4.000 ; As- 
sistant Secretary, $2,250; Assistant Examiner, $2,000. 

HEALTH DEPARTMENT. 

Members, eight, four years, no salary. Director, four 
years. $4,000 : Assistant Director and Chief of Laboratory 
of Hygiene. $3,000 ; Assistant, $2,000. 

Health Officer, Perth Amboy, $1,000 ; Assistants, $250. 

BOARD OF TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION. 

Members of Board, five years, no salary. Secretary and 
Executive Officer, $3,600 ; Chief Inspector, $1,400 ; Inspect- 
ors, $1,200 each ; Architect. $1,800 ; Assistant Architect, 
$1,350; Record Clerks, $1,500 each; Chief Clerk, $1,500; 
Law Clerk, $1,500. 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

State Superintendent, five years, $2,500 ; three Assistants, 
$1,200. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 473 

PUBLIC ROAD AND MOTOR VEHICLE DEPARTMENT? 

State Commissioner of Public Roads, three years, $5,000 , 
State Highway Engineer, $4,000 ; two Division Engineers, 
each $2,000 ; two Division Engineers, i?l,650 ; one Division 
Engineer, $1,500. 

Motor Vehicle Department — Commissioner, $1,500; Chief 
Inspector, $1,800 ; Deputy Chief Inspector, $1.500 ; In- 
spector, $1,350. Appointed hy Secretary of State. 

SEWERAGE COMMISSION. 
Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission, five years ; salary, 
$2,500 ; Secretary-Treasurer, $2,000, paid by the Commis- 
sion, not by the State. 

HOMES, SANATORIUMS, ETC. 

Board of Managers of the Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women, six years, no salary ; Superintendent, $3,000. 

Board of Managers Home for Feeble-Minded Children, 
four years, no salary. 

State Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, Marines and 
Theil" Wives, five years, no salary ; Commandant, $1,500 ; 
Adjutant, $1,000. 

Soldiers' Home, Kearny, three years, no salary ; Super- 
intendent, $1,500 ; Surgeon, $1,500 ; Chaplain, $1,000 ; 
Adjutant, $1,000 ; Quartermaster, $1,200 ; Matron, $500. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Sanatorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases, four years, no salary ; Medical 
Director, $3,600; Physician, $2,000; Secretary and Treas- 
urer, $600. 

Board of Managers Village for Epileptics, three years, no 
salary ; Superintendent, $2,500 ; Steward, $2,000 ; First 
Assistant Physician, $1,500 ; Second, $1,200. 

State Firemen's Home, no salary, four years. 

State Board of Children's Guardians, six years, no salary ; 
General Agent, $2,200; Assistant. $1,500. 

Trustees Home for Boys, three years, no salary ; Super- 
intendent, $2,500. 

Trustees State Home for Girls, five years, no salary : 
Matron, $1,500 ; Treasurer, $500 ; Secretary, $200 ; two 
Parole Officers, $1,400, and expenses, $600. 

Commission for the Blind, three years, no salary. 

School for the Deaf, Principal, $2,500; Steward, $1,620; 
Treasurer, $500. 

Manual Training School, Bordentown ; Principal, $2,000. 

AGRICULTURE, FISH AND GAME, ETC. 

Board of Visitors to State Agricultural College, two years, 
no salary. 

Secretary State Board of Agriculture, $1,200; Secretary 
Tuberculous in Animals, $1,200 ; Commissioner and Chief 
Inspector, $2,400. 



4 74 SALARIES AND TERilS OF OFFICE. 

Director Agricultural Experiment Station, $4,000. 

Fish and Game Commissioners, four years, no salary ; 
Secretary, $1,800; Protector, $i,800 ; Assistant Protector, 
$1,200; Fish Wardens, each $900. 

Commissioners of Palisades Interstate Park, five years, no 
salary. 

Live Stock Commission, three years, $15 per diem actual 
service ; Secretary and Executive OflScer, $2,000. 

MEDICAL, DENTISTRY, ETC. 

Board of Medical Examiners, three years, no salary. 

Board of Pharmacy, five years, $5 a day and expenses. 

Board of Dentistry, five years, no salary. 

Optometry Board, no salary, three years. 

Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, thrca years, no 
salary. 

Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, three years, no 
salary. 

State Board of Examiners of Nurses, three years, $5 a 
day and expenses. 

MISCELLANEOUS BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund members, four years. Secre- 
tary, $1,500. 

Commission to Promote Uniformity in Legislation in 
United States, three years, no salary. 

Curator State Museum, $1,500. 

Commissioners of Pilotage, three years, fees. 

State Board of Architects, two years, no salary ; Secre- 
tary, $1,500. 

Old Age Insurance-Pension Commission, five years, no 
salary. Secretary, $850. 

Economy and Efficiency, Clerk, $1,800. 

Inheritance Tax Supervisors, appointed by State Comp- 
troller. State Supervisor, $3,500 ; District Supervisors, 
Essex and Pludson, $3,000 each; Bergen, $1,200: Camden 
and Union, $1,200 each ; Passaic, Mercer, Union, Middle- 
sex and Monmouth, $1,000 each ; other districts, $300 to 
$600. 

Board of Public Accountants, three years, $5 a day for 
actual service. 

Valley Forge Commissioners, five years. 

Commission for the Blind, three years, no salary. 

MEMBERS AND OFFICERS OF THE LEGISLATURE. 

State Senators, three years, and Members of the Assembly, 
one year, $500. 

Senate Officers — President, $666.66; President's Private 
Secretary, $600 ; Secretary, $1,500 ; Assistant Secretary, 
$1,200 ; Supervisor of Bills. $1,200 ; Assistant Supervisor 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 4 75 

of Bills, $600 ; Second Assistant Supervisor of Bills, $500 ; 
Journal Clerk, $1,000 ; Assistant Journal Clerk, $500 ; Sec- 
ond Assistant Journal Clerk, $400 ; Calendar Clerk, $500 ; 
Bill Clerk and Assistant, each $500 ; Sergeant-at-Arms, 
$700 ; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, $500 ; Clerk to Com- 
mittee on Printed Bills, $500 ; Clerk to Committee on 
Appropriations, $500 ; four Clerks to Committees, each 
$350 ; four Stenographers, each $500 ; five doorkeepers, 
each $350 ; three Gallery Keepers, each $350 ; four File 
Clerks, each $350 ; six Pages, each $200. 

House of Assembly Officers — Speaker, $666.66 ; Speaker's 
Private Secretary, $600 ; Assistant Secretary, $500 ; Clerk, 
$1,500; Assistant Clerk, $1,200; Assistant to Clerk, $350; 
Supervisor of Bills, $1,300 ; three Assistants, $600 each ; 
Journal Clerk, $1,000 ; Assistant Journal Clerk and one 
Assistant, $500 ; Sergeant-at-Arms, $700 ; two Assistant 
Sergeant-at-Arms, each $500 ; twelve Doorkeepers, each 
$350 ; ten Pages, each $200 ; Clerk to Committee on 
Printed Bills, $500 ; Bill Clerk and Assistant, $500 each ; 
eight Clerks to Committees, each $350 ; three Stenographers, 
each $500 ; one Stenographer for Minority, $500 ; fifteen 
File Clerks, each $300. 

Legislative Reference Bureau, Appropriation, $1,000. 



4 7(j MILITARY. 



MILITARY. 



Roster of Officers of the National Guard. 

Commander-in-Chief. James F. Fielder ; Aides-de-Camp, 
Colonel Frank M. Taylor (personal aide), Lieutenant-Colonel 
William Libbey, Lieutenant-Colonel William G. Schauffler, 
Captain George F. Perkins, Jr. (retired). Captain Sackett 
M. Dickinson ; Adjutant-General's Department, Brigadier- 
General Wilbur F. Sadler, Jr., The Adjutant-General ; Ad- 
jutants General Lieutenant-Colonel John M Rogers (re- 
tired), Lieutenant-Colonel Austen Colgate, Major Alexander 
P. Gray, Jr., Major Nelson B. Gaskill ; Inspector-General's 
Department, Major Frederick W. Garvin, Inspector-General ; 
Judge-Advocate General's Department, Lieutenjant-Colonel 
Scott Scammell, Judge- Advocate ; Major George F. Bren- 
singer ; Quartermaster Corps, Brigadier-General C. Edward 
Murray, Quartermaster-General ; Lieutenant-Colonel David 
S. Hill: Majors John D. Kilpatrick, William H. Chew, 
Harry L. Harris ; Captains Frank A. Reinhard, Walter 
Firth, Charles W. Stark, Edward I. Edwards, Jr., Richard 
J. Drever, James M. Sheen. 

Medical Corps, Lieutenant-Colonel William G. Schauflfler, 
Surgeon-General ; Majors Joseph M. Rector, J. Talmage 
WyckoflE. Joseph V. Bergin, Harold D. Corbusier, Jean F. 
Wolfs, Albert B. Davis, Elston H. Bergen ; Captams W. 
Kempton Browning, Joel W. Fithian, Frank Y. Neer, Valen- 
tine Ruch, Jr., William O'G. Quinby, Peter P. Raflferty. 
David A. Kraker, Henry B. Orton, Robert E. Sievers ; 
First Lieutenants Samuel A. Cosgrove, George H. Mueller, 
Oscar C. Frundt, Anthony W. Lamy, William V. Gale, 
Claudio E. McNenney, William C. Fischer, Watson Rode- 
mann, Elias M. Duffield, William C. Craig, James J. Row- 
land. Walter R. Tymeson, Thomas K. Lewis, Raymond S. 
Seibert. 

Ordnance Department, Major Jacob S. Buist. 

Department of Rifle Practice, Brigadier-General Bird W. 
Spencer, Inspector-General of Rifle Practice ; Assistant In- 
spectors-General of Rifle Practice, Colonel Charles A. Reid, 
Lieutenant-Colonel William Libbey, David M, Flynn. 

Unassigned, Dennis F. Collins, Major-General, Division ; 
Lewis T. Bryant, Brigadier-General, Inspector-General ; John 
A. Mather, Brigadier-General, 2d Brigade ; James V. Oli- 
phant, Colonel, Quartermaster Corps ; D. Stewart Craven, 
Colonel, Quartermaster Corps ; Frederick Gilkyson, Colonel, 
Asst. Adjutant-General ; Alexander R. Fordyce, Jr., Colonel, 
Quartermaster Corps : Harry P. Moorhead, Colonel of In- 
fantry ; James W. Howard, Lieut.-Colonel, Quartermaster 
Corps ; Mahlon R. Margerum, Lieut.-Colonel, Quartermaster 



MILITARY. 477 

Corps ; Walter F. Whittemore, Lieut.-Colonel, Corps of En- 
gineers ; Walter E. Edge, Lieut.-Colonel, Ordnance Dept. ; 
Arthur Rowland, Lieut.-Colonel, I. S. A. P. ; Oscar H. Con- 
dit, Lieut.-Colonel, Asst. Inspector-General ; Robert L. Pat- 
terson, Lieut.-Colonel, Asst. Inspector-General ; Henry AUers, 
Lieut.-Colonel, Medical Corps ; Harry B. Salter, Lieut.- 
Colonel, Quartermaster Corps ; Leon W. Manton, Lieut.- 
Colonel, Quartermaster Corps; S. Wood McClave, Major,. 
Corps of Engineers ; Harry Neafie, Major, Medical Corps ; 
John L. Griggs, Major, Judge-Advocate ; James H. Hayes, 
Jr., Major, Inspector-General ; Howard T. Alexander, Major, 
Quartermaster Corps ; Malcolm G. Buchanan, Major, Judge- 
Advocate ; Edward T. Moore, Major, Judge-Advocate ; Peter 
H. James, Major, Quartermaster Corps ; Henry C. Knox, 
Major, Quartermaster Corps ; Harry C. Kramer. Major, 
Adjutant-General ; William T. Read, Major, Afljutant- 
General ; Calvin D. McMurtry, Captain, Quartermaster 
Corps ; Henry G. Stephens, Captain, Corps of Engineers ; 
Robert R. Howard, Captain, Corps of Engineers ; Peter 
Vredenburgh, Captain, Ordnance Department ; John Bent- 
ley, Captain, Ordnance Department ; William Engelhard, 
Captain, Ordnance Department ; Wayne Dumont, Captain. 
Quartermaster Corps ; George W. Coyne, 1st Lieutenant, 
Corps of Engineers. 

First Squadron, Cavalry, Newark — Major, William A. 
Bryant, commanding. 

Battery A, Field Artillery, East Orange — Captain, Claude 
E. Lanterman, commanding. 

Battery B, Field Artillery, Camden — Captain, Samuel G. 
Barnard, commanding. 

Signal Corps Company, Jersey City — Captain, William Y. 
Dear, commanding. 

First Field Hospital, Elizabeth — Major, Harold D. Cor- 
busier, commanding. 

Ambulance Company, Red Bank^Captain, Peter P. Raf- 
ferty, commanding. 

First Brigade Headquarters. Newark— Brigadier-General. 
Edwin W. Hine ; Staff, Brigade- Adjutant, Major. Alexander 
P. Gray, Jr. ; Major, J. Talmage Wyckoff. Medical Corps ; 
Inspector Small-Arms Practice. Major, Charles H. Grant ; 
Aides-de-Camp, First Lieutenants, John V. HinchlifEe. Harry 
V. D. Moore, oth Infantry. 

First Infantry Headquarters, Newark — Colonel, John 
D. Eraser ; Captain and Adjutant, I. Newton Davies. 

Fourth Infantry Headquarters, Jersey City — Colonel, Ar- 
thur L. Steele ; Captain and Adjutant, Lewis E. Jackson. 

Fifth Infantry Headquarters, Paterson — Colonel. Albert 
A. Van Walraven ; Captain and Adjutant, William M. Mead. 

Second Infantry Headquarters, Trenton — Colonel, Horace 
M. Reading ; Captain and Adjutant, William E. Pedrick. 

Third Infantry Headquarters, Camden — Colonel Thomas 
D. Landon ; Captain and Adjutant, J. Walter Scott. 



4 7S MILITARY. 

lloster of Officers of the Naval Reserve. 

First Battalion, Armor}-, U. S. S. Adams, Hobolien — - 
Commander, Edward McClure Peters. 

Second Battalion, Armory, U. S. S. Vixen, Camden — 
Commander, Albert DeUnger. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 479 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 



County Officers, With the Date of the Expiration of 
Their Term of Office, Time of Holding Courts, &c. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 
County Seat — Mays Landing. Population, 1,359. 

Sheriff— Joseph R. Bartlett, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — Richard Bew, Charles Cunningham, 1917 ; 
Henry C. Monroe, 191S. 

County Clerk — Edwin A. Parlier, 1918. 

Surrogate — Emanuel C. Shaner, 1917. 

County Collector — E. L. Johnson, Atlantic City. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C. Black, 1922. 

County Judge— Clifton C. Shinn, 1918. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Charles S. Moore, 1918. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — William Elmer Brown, 
Jr. 

County Lunatic Asylum — T. L. McConnell, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Wilson Senseman. 

County Board of Elections — Charles Slack (1917), Frank 
Melville (1916), Dems. ; William H. Howenstein (1916), 
Harry Jenkins (1917), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

County Seat — Hackensack. Population, 15,856. 

Sheriff — Robert Nelson Heath, Dem., 1916. 

Coroners — Edson S. Shorter, 1917 ; William J. Collins, 
1916; James F. McNally, 1916. 

County Clerk — George Van Buskirk, 1920. 

Surrogate — Robert A. Sibbald, 1918. 

County Collector — William A. Linn, Hackensack. 

Circuit Justice — Charles W. Parker, 1921. 

County Judge — William M. Seufert, 1918. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Thomas J Huckin, 1920. 

Assistant Prosecutor — Arthur M. Agnew. 

Jury Commissioner — Alfred Gramlich. 

County Board of Elections — Ackerman Hawley (1917), 
William Umbach, Jr. (1916), Dems.; Alfred H. Hale (1916), 
George Van Gelder (1917), Reps. 

Terms of Court — April, first Tuesday ; September, second 
Tuesday ; and December, second Tuesday. 



480 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

County Seat— Mount Holly. Topulation, 5,657. 

Sheriff— William T. Stecher, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — John C. Belton, Samuel K. Gaskill, 191S : 
Barclay Seeds, 1917. 

County Clerk— Harry L. Knight, 1919. 

Surrogate — Joseph Huff, 1916. 

Auditor — Stuart M. MacFarland, 1916. 

County Collector — Warren C. Pine, River-^ide. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 1918. 

County Judge — William D Lippincott, 1919. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Jonathan H. Kelsey, 1920. 

County Lunatic Asylum — C. C. Deacon, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Andrew J. Jordan. 

County Board of Elections — Henry H. Savage (1917). 
John J. McDonald (1916), Dems. ; Newton Morton (1916), 
William H. Reeves (1917), Reps. 

Terms of Court^Pourth Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in Octoher, fourth Tuesday in December. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

County Seat — Camden. Population, 102,215. 

Sheriff— Joshua C. Haines, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners— Harry Bushey, 1916; Robert G. Schroeder, 
1916; Frank B. Cook, 1917. 

County Clerk — Frank F. Patterson, Jr., 1921. 

Register of Deeds — Edward W. Delacroix, 1920. 

Surrogate — Harry Reeves, 1917. 

County Collector — John W. Sell, Camden. 

Circuit Justice — Charles G. Garrison, 1916. 

County Judge — William T. Boyle, 1917. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — William J. Kraft, 1918; As- 
sistant, Wellington B. Butler. 

County Lunatic Asylum — James A. Starkey, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — James F. Lennon. 

County Board of Elections — Walter J. Farrell (1916), 
George Kleinheinz (1917), Dems.; John S. Broome (1917), 
William II. Harrison (1916), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday, April ; second Tuesday 
September and December. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

County Seat— Cape May Court House. Population, 1,200. 

Sheriff— Colman F. Corson, Dem., 1916. 
Coroners — Mark Lake, 1916 ; Benjamin C. Ingersoll, 
1917 ; Wilson A. Lake, 1918. 

County Clerk — A. Carlton Ilildreth, 1920. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 481 

Surrogate — Edward L. Rice, 1917. 

County Collector — Joseph I. Scull, Ocean City. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C. Black, 1922. 

County Judge — Henry H. Eldridge, 1916. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— James R. Carrow, ad in. 

Jury Commissioner — Anthony B. Smith. 

County Board of Elections — Carl M. Westcott (1916), 
Alfred Hand (1917). Dems. ; Harry F. Douffhtery (191G). 
Walter J. Rutherford (1917), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

County Seat — Bridgeton. Population, 13.611. 

Sheriff — Charles V. Marshall, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — John S. Hann, 1916 ; Kenneth B. Carll, 1917 ; 
J. Allinson Kreese, 1918. 

County Clerk — Leonidas H. Hogate, 1919. 

Surrogate — Frank F. Wallace, 1918. 

County Collector — E. P. Bacon, Bridgeton. 

Circuit Justice— Charles C. Black, 1922. 

County Judge — Leroy N. Loder, 1919. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Edwin F. Miller, 1919. 

County Lunatic Asylum — David Elwell, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Samuel B. Dunham. 

County Board of Elections — John Ogden (1917), Eugene 
Kvte (1916), Dems.; Ferdinand R. Jones (1917), Frank 
S. McKee, Jr. (1916), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

County Seat — Newark. Population, 366,721. 

Sheriff— Ralph B. Schmidt, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — Hugo Barth, Arthur F. Gallagher, Alfred A. 
T^eb, all 1917. 

County Clerk — Joseph McDonough, 1917. 

Surrogate — Frederick G. Stickel, Jr., 1919. 

County Collector — Richard W. Booth, Newark. 

County Supervisor — Lewis G. Bowden. 

Register of Deeds — Walter A. Evans, 1920. 

Circuit Justice — Chief Justice William S. Gummere, 1922. 

County Judges — William P. Martin, 1916 ; Harry V. Os- 
borne, 1918. 

Juvenile Court Judge — Patrick J. Dolan, 1918. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Frederick F. Guild, 1920. 

First Assistant Prosecutor — Wilbur A. Mott. 

Second Assistant Prosecutor — Andrew Van Blarcom. 

31 



482 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Lunatic Asylum — Warden, Benjamin R. Bailey. 

Jury Commissioner — Edward Shickhaus. 

County Board of Elections — William C. McTague (1916), 
Frank Dunnion (1917), Dems. ; Andrew C. Snyder (1917), 
John H. Scott (1916), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April, third Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 
County Seat — Woodbury. Population, 5,288. 

Sheriff — Robert Mead, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — Marshall F. Lummis, 1916 ; Ralph K. Hol- 
linshed, 1917; B. Frank Ogden, 1918. 

County Clerk — James Lafferty, 1917. 

Surrogate— Harry Crist, 1919. 

County Collector — George E. Pierson, Woodbury. 

Circuit Justice —