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Full text of "Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey"

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STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



MANUAL 



OF THE 



Leaislature of New Jersey 



One Hundred and Forty-first Session. 



1917 




BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 
Copyright, 1917, by Thomas F, Fitzgerald, 



Trenton, N. J. : 
Thomas F. Fitzgerald, Legislative Reporter, 

Compiler and Publisher. 



propiz ty of 

rhcl:;vs:d 

Flu -l u 1.^4 

Division of state Library 

Archives and History 

LTrcntcn^ N. J. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in 1917, by 

THOMAS F. FITZGERALD, 

in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



4®=" The newspaper press are welcome to use such parts of the work 
they may desire, on giving credit therefor to the MANUAL. 



STATE GAZETTE PUB. CO., PRINTERS, 

TRENTON, N. J. 



Calendar for 1917. 



1917 




s 


J 

2 


^ 




1 

5 




1917 


se- 


?■ 


S 


-^^ 


i 


1 
6 


-»■ 




- 


1 


3 


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6 




el 


^ 


3 


4 


5 


7 


JAN... 


JULY.. 


1 


2 




7 


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9 


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11 


12 


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8 


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Ih 


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24 


25 


26 


27 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


FEB... 


28 


29 


30 


31 


... 




... 


AUG... 


29 


30 


31 


























1 


2 


3 








1 


2 


3 


4 




4 


5 


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7 


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10 




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11 


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17 




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23 


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25 


26 


27 


28 




... 






26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 




MAB... 










1 


2 


3 


SEPT.. 














i 




4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 




2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 




23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


APR... 
















OCT.... 


30 














1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 


2 


3 


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5 


6 




8 


9 


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12 


13 


14 




7 


8 


9 


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11 


12 


13 




15 


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21 




14 


15 


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25 


26 


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28 




21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


MAY... 


29 


30 












NOV... 


28 


29 


30 


31 


*1 


"2 


'3 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




4 


6 


6 


7 


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9 


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11 


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13 


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24 


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26 




18 


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20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




27 


28 


29 


30 


31 








25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




JUNE. 












1 


2 


DEC... 














1 




3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 




2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




9 


10 


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12 


13 


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15 




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23 




16 


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23 
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24 
31 


25 


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29 










' 









PERPETUAL CALENDAR 


FOB ASCERTAINING THE DAY OF THE WEEK FOR ANY YEAR 


BETWEEN 1700 AND 2499. 


Table of Doshnical 

LETTERa. 


Month. 


Dominical Letter. 


YEAR OF THE 


CENTUB'S. 


Jan. Oct. 


A 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


CENTURY. 


1 


Feb. Mar. Nov. 

Jan. Apr. July 

May 


D 

G 


E 
A 


F 
B 


G 
C 


A 
I) 


B 
E 


C 
F 


S'8 


g 


o 


N. B.—A star 


o 


B 


c 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


071 the lejt, 


?i c! 


n 


^1 


June 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 


denotes leap 


s's 


g§l 


Feb. Aug. 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


year. 


l^ CO 


5 
G 


A 


Sept. Dec. 


F 


G 


A 


B 


c 


D 


E 


1 1 1 
*28 *56 *84 


1 


8 


,,, 


22 


29 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


1 29, 57 


851 


b;d 


F 


Gl 


2 


9 


16 


23 


oO 


M 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


\\' 


Tu 


2 30 68 


86, 


A!C 


E 


F 


3 


10 


17 


24 


31 


Tu 


^I 


s 


S 


F 


T}i 


W 


3, 31 59 


871 


GB 


D 


E 


4 


11 


18 


25 




W 


Tu 


^I 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


1 










5 


12 


19 


26 




Th 


W 


Tu 


]M 


S 


S 


F 


*4 *32 *60 *88! 


e'g 


B 


C 


6 


13 


20 


27 




F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


u 


s 


S 


5 33 61 


89 


D;F 


A 


B 


7 


14 


21 


28 




s 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


s 


6 34| 62 
7, 35 63 


90 
91 


C E 


G 
F 


A 
G 


























B "" 


u 


~^ 


*-8 «36 *64 


*92 


1 
G 


B 


D 


E 


EXPLANATION. 


9 37| 65 


93 


F 


A 


C 


D 




10 38' 66 

11 39 67 


94 
95 


1^ 


G 
F 


B 
A 


C 
B 


tinder the Century, and in the line Avft» 






the Year of the Century, is the Dominical 


*12 *40 *^S 


*96 


B 


D 


F 


G 


Letter of the Year. Then in the line with 


13 41 69 
14, 42 70 


97 
98 


t 


C 
B 


E 

D 


F 
E 


the month find the column couiaiuing 


15 43 71 


99 


F 


A 


C 


D 


this letter ; in this column, and in line 
■with the day of the ilonth, is the day of 


*16 *44 *72 
17, 45 73 
18 46 74 




D 
C 
B 


F 
E 
D 


A 
G 
F 


B 
A 
G 


the Week. In Leap Years, the letters for 




January and February are in the lines 


19, 47 75 




A 


C 


E 


F 


where these months are printed in Italics. 


*20 
21 


*48 
49 


*76 

77 




F 

E 


A 

G 


C 
B 


D 
C 


EXA1>IPI.ES. 


22 


50 


78 




D 


F 


A 


B 




23 


51 


79 




C 


E 


G 


A 


For December 31st, 1875 : for l^h, the 
letter is C ; under C, in a line with 31. is 


*24 *52*80 




A 
G 
F 


C 
B 
A 


E 
D 

c 


F 
E 
D 


Friday ; and for January 1st, 1876, the 


ZO 06 

26' 54 


82 




letter is A ; under A, and iu a line with 


27, 55 


83 




E 


G 


B 


C 


1, is Saturday. 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



Within the limits of what is now the State of New Jer- 
sey, aside from any evidences of the presence of prehis- 
toric man in the "Trenton Gravels," the original inhabi- 
tants of the commonwealth were Lenni Lenape, or Dela- 
ware. Indians. This subdivision of the great Algonkin 
family occupied the river valleys of the State, had made 
some progress in agriculture and in elementary arts, were 
peaceable but small in numbers, and at last have become 
totally extinct in this portion of the United States, 

In its settlement, New Jersey was not an English colony. 
The claims of the Crown, based upon early discovery and 
various grants, were totally Ignored by two great com- 
mercial nations of Europe— Holland and Sweden. It was 
not until 1664, practically a half century after the first 
occupancy of New Jersey by a white man, that England 
had aught more than a slight influence upon the destinies 
of the State. In settlement, Holland was first to send out 
planters, under the auspices of the Dutch West India 
Company. Claiming both the valleys of the Hudson and 
the Delaware, by virtue of the explorations of Hudson and 
Mey, land was taken up upon the banks of the Hudson, 
Passaic, Hackensack, Raritan and smaller streams tribu.- 
tary to New York harbor, as well as at Gloucester upon 
the Delaware. By 1630 these claims were well established 
by occupancy, and by the creation of a centre of local 
government in what is now New York city. Upon the 
rapidly growing influence of Holland, Sweden looked with 
jealous eye. Gustavus Adolphus, in his plan to make 
Sweden a world-power, saw the Dutch to be dangerous 
rivals in America. In 1638 there was equipped a Swedish 
expedition to settle the valley of the Delaware. What 
is now the State of Delaware, the valley of the Schuylkill 
and isolated portions of the west bank of the Delaware 
River were occupied, civil and military government was 
established, and the colony of farmers and traders entered 
upon a brief career of prosperity. The death of Gustavus 
Adolphus, internal dissensions in Sweden, the inherent 
weakness of the Delaware settlements, and the constantly 
increasing power of Holland brought matters to a crisis. 
In 1655 New Sweden was conquered by New Netherlands, 
(7) 



8 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

and for nine years the soil of New Jersey was absolutely 
under Dutch control. 

Emerging from the interregnum of the Cromwells, the 
restoration of the House of Stuart brought peace to Eng- 
land. On the 12th of March, 1C64, Charles II., with royal 
disregard for previous patents, grants and charters, deeded 
to his brother James, Duke of York, a vast tract embrac- 
ing much of New England, New York and all of what is 
now New Jersey. This was accompanied by active prep- 
arations to drive the Dutch from America, as they, in 
alien claims to New Jersey, practically separated the New 
England colonies from Virginia, Maryland and the Caro- 
linas. In the summer of 1664 armed vessels appeared in 
New York harbor. After negotiations, the Dutch sur- 
rendered and the power of Holland in North America be- 
came simply a mattei of history. In the meantime James, 
Duke of York, transferred to two favorites of the House 
of Stuart— John, Lord Berkeley", and Sir George Carteret— 
practically what is now the State of New Jersey. In 
honor of Carteret's defense of the Island of Jersej"- (Cae- 
sarea) during the Parliamentary wars, the territory was 
called New Jersey (Nova Caesarea). 

Carteret and Berkeley, in granting a liberal frame of 
government and extolling the advantages of their colony 
so well located for agriculture, commerce, fishing and 
mining, attracted settlers not only from England, but 
from Scotland and New England, particularly Long Island 
and Connecticut. These planters were largely Calvinists, 
from Presbyterian and Congregational communities, and 
mainly occupied land in Newark, Elizabeth and upon the 
north shore of Monmouth county. The valley of the Dela- 
ware remained unsettled. The Calvinists brought into 
East Jersey distinctive views upon religious and civil mat- 
ters. Early legislatures punished many crimes by death, 
the penalties being similar to those of the Jewish dispen- 
sation, while the "town-meeting" strengthened the indi- 
vidual action of the small communities. There was an 
Intense individualism in every phase of political and relig- 
ious development, the life of the people centering around 
the church and the school house, the head of both, as in 
New England, being the minister. 

In 1676 a division of the interests of Carteret and Berke- 
ley occurred. In the meantime Berkeley had disposed of 
his rights to a company of English Quakers, a conflict had 
ensued, and to establish the claims of all parties concerned, 
the two colonies of East and West Jersey came into 
existence. A line was drawn from a point in Little Egg 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. « 

Harbor to the Delaware Water Gap, Berkeley and his 
assigns retaining West Jersey as their moiety, Carteret 
obtaining East Jersey, 

By Berkeley's transfer the dominant Influence in West 
Jersej^ was that of the Society of Friends. Salem was 
settled in 1675, Burlington, Gloucester and the site of Tren- 
ton about five years later, while within ten years there- 
after the "shore" communities of Cape May and Tucker- 
ton came into existence. The Society of Friends estab- 
lished in West Jersey a series of communities in which 
the life of the people was different from that of East Jer- 
sey. As East Jersey resembled New England in civil gov- 
ernment, so West Jersey resembled Virginia. The political 
and social centres of the large plantations were the shire- 
towns, slave owning was common, a landed aristocracy 
was established, prominent families intermarried, and 
under the advice of William Penn and his friends good 
faith was kept with the Indians. Capital punishment was 
practically unknown and disputes were settled frequently 
by arbitration. 

Two elements of discord marked the genesis of East Jer- 
sey and of West Jersey. One, external, was the attitude 
of the Duke of York after he became James II. In 1673 
New Jersey was recaptured by the Dutch, who held the 
colony until the early sprirg of 1674. A question arose as 
to the Duke of York's title after 1674, reconvej^ances were 
made, but in spite of past assurances, James II, claimed 
the proprietary right of government. To that end Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was commissioned Governor of New Jersey, 
and a climax was reached in 16S0 when the proprietary 
governor of East Jersey was carried prisoner to New York, 
In 16S1 the Crown recognized the justice of the proprietors' 
contention, and local government was re-established, but 
not before the seeds of discontent were sown that bore 
fruit in the Revolutionary War. 

An internal disturbance was a contest between the 
Boards of Proprietors and the small land owners. Both 
in East and West Jersey, Carteret and Berkeley and their 
assigns had transferred to wealthy combinations of capi- 
talists—most of whom were non-residents— much of the 
broad acreage of the colonies. With the land went the 
right of selection of Governors and of members of Execu- 
tive Councils, which right Berkeley and Carteret had 
derived from the Crown, This, with "quit-rent" agita- 
tions in East Jersey, led to much bitterness. Finally, dis- 
gusted with turmoil, and viewing a sentiment of revolt 
on the part of the people, the Boards of Proprietors sur- 



10 HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 

rendered to the Crown, In 1702, their rights of government, 
retaining only their interest in the soil, East and West 
Jersey were united, and the two provinces became the 
royal colony of New Jersey. 

From 1702 until the outbreak of the Revolution the polit- 
ical history of the colony was quite uneventful. Through- 
out the period of seventy-five years there was almost con- 
stant friction between the Legislature and the Governor 
and his Council. The governors, in the main, were Crown 
favorites sent over the sea without a personal knowledge 
of the colony and with but an ill-concealed ambition to 
wrest from the people as much money as could be secured 
for the support of themselves and the executive office. 
The Councils, composed of wealthy land owners of the 
Society of Friends and rich merchants from East Jersey, 
were quiescent, and even the members of the popular 
branch of the Legislature were chosen by those possessing 
property qualifications. The small non-voting farmers 
raised the cry of "aristocracy," and the equivalent of 
"taxation without representation," and while loyal to the 
Crown were open in their expressions of dissatisfaction 
to the personal attitude of their governors. In 173S New 
Jersey, in recognition of this sentiment, was given a gov- 
ernor separate from the one appointed jointly for the colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey. 

» During this period the farm was the centre of the activi- 
ties of the life of the people; particularly was this true in 
the western part of the colony, where favoring climate 
and soil, slave labor and the proximity of Philadelphia led 
to abundant crops and a good market. In East Jersey a 
commercial spirit was more active. Perth Amboy threat- 
ened to rival New York, and Jersey ships from Newark, 
Elizabeth and the Monmouth villages were to be found 
from Boston to Charleston. The repressive economic 
policy of the Crown precluded the development of manu- 
factures. In the southern part of the State, sand and un- 
limited forests of oak and pine led to the development of 
glass making, while "bog iron," with abundance of lime 
from oyster shells, gave an impetus to the erection of 
forges and bloomaries. These, as well as the copper mines 
of the trap rock region, were throttled by adverse Parlia- 
mentary legislation. Ship building was a recognized in- 
dustry, and cedar was extensively "mined" from the 
sunken forests of the tide-water district. Whaling and 
other fisheries were unhampered, and were profitable, as 
was also the trade in skins and in hay from the salt 
meadows of the coast. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 11 

Throughout the years from 1702 to 1776 gold and silver 
and copper money was scarce. In obedience to the de- 
mand of the English merchants that competition should 
be crushed, legislation was enacted to draw "hard" money 
away from the colony. An inflated paper currency, first 
issued in 1707 to provide ways and means to aid the Cana- 
dian expedition against the French, poured from the 
printing presses. Trade was reduced to barter, and gold, 
silver and copper were practically at a premium for nearly 
three generations. 

Of the more prominent incidents during the period were 
the organized attempts to suppress piracy in New York 
and Delaware bays, the growth of a well-defined system 
of transportation by land and water between New York 
and Philadelphia, the establishment of ferries and post 
roads, the reclamation of waste land, the injection of 
Hugenot, Scotch-Irish and Palatinate German elements 
into the settled population, the chartering of Princeton 
University and Rutgers College, the religious revival led 
by Whitefleld, the propogation of abolition doctrines by 
Woolman, the erection of a series of barracks owing to the 
French and Indian war, and what is probably of supreme 
importance, the growth of a sentiment of independence 
fostered by the stupid policy of the Crown, and carried 
from hamlet to hamlet, as much by itinerant hawkers and 
by "Redemptioners," who had served their time, as by any 
other cause. * 

The opening of the Revolution found New Jersey's senti- 
ment unevenly crystalized. Few, if any, were favoring 
absolute independence. There were three elements. One, 
the Tory party, was led by Governor William Franklin, 
the illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. This conserva- 
tive class embraced nearly all the Episcopalians, a vast 
proportion of the non-combatant members of the Society 
of Friends and some East Jersey Calvinists. Another ele- 
ment was composed of men of various sTiades of belief, 
some in favor of continual protest, others desirous of com- 
promise. This included at the outbreak of the struggle 
most of the Calvinists, some few Quakers of the younger 
generation, and the Scotch-Irish. The third party drew 
its support from a few bold, aggressive spirits of infiuence 
whose following included men who believed that war 
for independence would benefit their fortunes. 

The part played in the Revolution bj^ New Jersey has 
been frequently told. Events passed rapidly after the 
affairs of Trenton and Princeton; Monmouth and Red Bank 
will never be forgotten, while the raids at Salem, Spring- 



If HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 

field, Elizabeth, In the valley of the Hackensack, and the 
winter at Morristown are a part of national history. Oc- 
cupying a position between New York and Philadelphia, 
its soil was a theatre where the drama of war was always 
presented. At no time was the Tory element suppressed, 
finding- its expression in open hostility, or in the barbaric 
cruelties of the "Pine Robbers" of Monmouth, Burlington, 
Gloucester and Salem counties. Though under suspicion, 
the Society of Friends were neutral, for conscience sake, 
remaining close to the teachings of their creed. 

The close of the struggle found the people of New Jersey 
jubilant and not disposed to relinquish their sovereignty. 
The Articles of Confederation were weak and had become 
a by-word and a jest. There was much State pride and 
much aristocratic feeling among the old families who con- 
tinued to dominate State politics. The Constitution of 1776, 
adopted by New Jersey as a makeshift war measure, pro- 
vided that all State ofRcers of prominence should be elected 
by a Legislature, which was chosen by voters possessing 
property qualifications. As in the colony, the Governor 
was Chancellor, and class distinctions were closely drawn. 
In spite of agitation, all proposed changes were rejected, 
and a strong federal union with the other States was 
viewed with dislike and suspicion. The State, in a quarrel 
with New York, at one time refused to obey the requests 
of Congress, and, in the exercise of her sovereignty, estab- 
lished a Court of Admiralty and coined money. 

While the spirit of "State rights" was dominant, it was 
recognized by leaders of public thought that New Jersey 
was too weak to stand alone. She entered the Annapolis 
convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation, 
and whose lasting monument was the present Federal 
Constitution adopted in Philadelphia in 1787. Upon the 15th 
of June of that year the "New Jersey Plan" was pre- 
sented, which, while lost as a measure, led to the famous 
compromise upon representation, whereby in the Senate 
of the United States the States were given equal vote, with 
a representation based on population in the House. 

The adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
led to the rapid growth of political parties in New Jersey 
as elsewhere. In spite of the intense conservatism of the 
State, led by the Quakers of West Jersey, who were Fed- 
eralists almost to a man, the anti-Federalist sentiment de- 
veloped rapidly, spurred by a virulent party press, the 
death of men who had been trained in colonial methods of 
thought and the democratic tendency of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which grew in strength in W^est Jersey. 



HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. 8 

In the eastern part of the State there was among' the Indi- 
vidualistic Calvinists a strong anti-Federal spirit. This, 
in ISOO, led to the election of Thomas Jefferson as President 
of the United States, and in ISOl the election of his political 
ally, Joseph Bloomfield, as Governor of the State of New 
Jersey. The death of Hamilton at the hands of Burr, and 
the death of Livingston, the "war" Governor, tore down 
the strongest pillars of Federalism in New Jersey, and led 
to the absolute domination of the State by the anti-Feder- 
alists, who held power until the outbreak of the second war 
"with England. 

The period from 1790 to 1812 in New Jersey was marked 
by a demand for internal improvements and better trans- 
portation. The agitation concerning the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal, Stevens' experiments in 1802 with steam, 
along the lines laid down in 1TS5 by Fitch, the project of 
the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures at Pat- 
erson as early as 1791, and highways conducted through the 
northwest portion of the State, indicate the trend of public 
sentiment. 

The second war with England was not altogether a pop- 
ular measure in New Jersey. The Federalists, the "Peace 
Party," secured control of the Legislature and elected 
their Governor. Nevertheless the State furnished her 
quota of troops. The one permanent effect of the struggle 
upon the State was indirect. Owing to the movement of 
supplies and the necessity of quick transportation between 
Philadelphia and the exposed port of New York, the wagon 
roads between Bordentown and Perth Amboy, and between 
Trenton, New Brunswick, Metuchen, Rahway, Elizabeth 
and Newark, were improved and their advantages as 
"short routes" demonstrated. Upon these lines two later 
railroads, now a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, 
were constructed. 

The era following the close of the war of 1812 until the 
opening of the Civil War was one of stupendous activity. 
Interrupted only by the financial depressions of 1817 and 
1837, and slightly retarded by the Mexican War, the pro- 
gress of the State was beyond the wildest dreams of the 
enthusiast, Alexander Hamilton. In the eastern part of 
the State, aided by a constantly increasing foreign popula- 
tion, Jersey City rose from the marshes, Newark grew 
toward her present greatness, Paterson became a centre 
of industry, while in the west, Camden was recognized as 
an available site for manufactures. The public school 
system was established and extended, reforms in the car- 
ing for the criminal, defective, delinquent and dependent 



14 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

classes were Instituted, railroads were reaching every town 
of size, in the vicinity of Now York and Philadelphia, fer- 
ries were erected, banks established, post oflBces opened 
and newspapers printed. In 1844, when social unrest was 
most marked, the present State Constitution was adopted 
by a large popular majority and needed reforms tending to 
elevate the legal position of married women, imprisoned 
debtors and bankrupts were adopted. 

The year 1860 brought a termination to the then Impend- 
ing conflict. While every other State north of Mason and 
Dixon's line by 1850 had set the black man free, there were 
still 236 negroes in bondage in New Jersey. The abolition 
movement made slow progress and an anti-war party had 
a decided following. But when the die was cast New Jer- 
sey responded to the call for men and money. She fur- 
nished 88,305 men, or within 10,501 of her entire militia. 
For organizing, subsisting, supplying, supporting and trans- 
porting her troops she paid $2,894,385, and upon the field 
sustained the reputation for bravery she had won during 
the days of Trenton and Monmouth. 

New Jersey has made great advances since the Civil War. 
Among the important legislation was the passage of the 
General Railroad law in 1873. This ended the domination 
of the Camden and Amboy monopoly and opened the way 
for other enterprises in the same field. 

Although the State passed an Emancipation act in 1804, 
the Constitution was not amended as to legalize negro 
suffrage until 1875. The Legislature of 1871 ratified the 
fifteenth amendment to the U. S. Constitution which gives 
absolute authority to the negro to cast his vote at all 
national. State, county and municipal elections. 

Women exercised the right of suffrage in New Jersey 
under laws passed in 1790 and 1797. That right was taken 
from them by an act passed in 1807. In 1912 the Supreme 
Court held that the 1776 Constitution did not confer any 
right on women to vote. The Constitution of 1844 limited 
the right to vote to males. In 1887 women were given the 
right to vote at school meetings. This was declared un- 
constitutional in 1894 as to voting for school trustees and 
officers ; they could vote, however, on other school matters. 

A proposed amendment to the State Constitution in 1897 
giving women the right to vote for school officers was 
defeated. The vote was 65,021 for, to 75,170 against. In 
1915 another proposed amendment conferring full suffrage 
on women was defeated. The vote was 133,282 for and 
184,390 against. In 1883 laws were enacted regulating the 
labor of women and children in factories. 

In 1838, the last whipping post disappeared from New 
Jersey. It stood on a vacant lot in Trenton, where many 
offenders had suffered the degrading punishment. Franklin 
S, Mills, a veteran reporter of that time, called several 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 15 

kindred spirits around him and they decided that the 
whipping post must go. There was unanimous agreement 
that the best time for its vanishment would be a darl? night, 
and meanwhile the plot was kept a profound secret. The 
plan was carried out and the post was never set up again. 
The next step to lessen the horror of capital punishment 
was in 1907, when the penalty was changed from hanging 
to eloctrocution. In the same year tuberculosis was pro- 
nounced infectious and a sanitorium for the treatment of 
such patients was established. 

Gambling at race tracks and all other places was pro- 
hibited by law in 1894 and in 1897 a constitutional amend- 
ment was adopted to the same effect. 

In 1907 the first primary law went into operation. In 
1911, the direct primary was extended to the offices of 
governor and representatives in Congress. In 1915 it was 
extended to the office of United States Senator. In 1911, 
a blanket form of ballot was adopted. In 1907 the Board 
of Railroad Commissioners for the State of New Jersey 
was created, and in 1910, the name was changed to the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners. In 1911, the Em- 
ployers' Liability act was passed. 

The admirable system of public education in New Jersey 
deserves more than passing notice. The first steps were 
taken during the colonial period, and soon after the Revo- 
lution a number of private schools and academies were es- 
tablished. In 1816, the Legislature ordered that the sum 
of $15,000 should be invested in a Permanent Educational 
Fund. During the following two years, this sum was in- 
creased to $113,236.78. In 1824, a tenth of the State tax 
was added to the school fund. Improvement was continually 
made in the educational lacilities, the annual appropriation 
being increased in 1838 to $30,000. The new Constitution 
adopted in 1844, prohibited the diversion of any part of the 
school fund under any pretext. Two years later every town- 
ship was required to raise the same amount contributed 
by the State, and in 1851 the State appropriation was in- 
creased to $40,000. 

Since no one is considered qualified to follow a profession 
without special training, it followed that that of the teacher 
should receive the same preparation. In 1855, the first 
State Normal School was opened in Trenton and proved 
highly successful. It has been followed by others with the 
most beneficial results to the cause of education throughout 
the State. 

In 1867, the whole school system was remodeled and 
placed on a sound basis. Provision was made for the con- 
tinual maintenance of the Normal School and the Model, 
or training school, attached to it ; for the examination and 
licensing of teachers ; for increasing the State Educational 
Fund ; defining the duties of district and township trus- 



16 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

tees, the city boards of education, the county superintend- 
ents, the State superintendent and the State Board of Edu- 
cation. 

In 1881, an act was passed by the Legislature to encourage 
the establishment of schools for industrial education. In 
1888, manual training was provided for and several such 
institutions have been established. The Compulsory Edu- 
cation law went into effect in 1884. Parents and guardians 
are compelled to send children between the ages of seven 
and fourteen years to school each day the schools are in 
session, or provide for their instruction at home or else- 
where. The State College for Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts is connected with Rutgers College at New Brunswick. 
Candidates for this course are examined annually at the 
county seat of each county. The number of pupils is limited 
to sixty and tuition is free. Other State institutions are 
referred to elsewhere. 

One of the most beneficent enterprises with which New 
Jersey is specially identified is the life-saving service. The 
United States has more than ten thousand miles of sea 
and lake coast. Thousands of lives and untold millions of 
dollars of property have been swept down to death and 
destruction by the fearful storms which at times rage over 
these waters. Of all the vast extent of coast, there is none 
more dangerous than that of New Jersey. The causes of 
this is the peculiar formation of the Long Island and New 
Jersey shores, and the fact that a bar runs parallel with 
the beach at a distance therefrom of from two hundred 
yards to a mile. The water on this bar is shallow, and 
many a ship, when driven toward shore goes to pieces long 
before it can be reached by the anxious watchers on the 
beach. 

One of the residents of Monmouth county who was deeply 
impressed by the frightful loss of life was Dr. William A. 
Newell, a member of Congress from 1848 to 1851, and 
governor of New Jersey from 1857 to 1860. It is worth 
mentioning in this place that Dr. Newell was in Congress 
when John Quincy Adams was stricken with apoplexy and 
caught him in his arms as he was falling. Dr. Newell, 
during the first part of his term, secured an appropriation 
of $10,000 for the protection of life and property from 
shipwreck on the coast between Sandy Hook and Little Egg 
Harbor. Some months later, the ship Ayrshire was driven 
on Squan Beach. The life car was employed to bring the 
202 passengers and crew ashore and only one man who re- 
fused to enter the car was drowned. Instances without 
number occurred, when with the help of the life-saving 
crew, not a single life was lost, when without such aid all 
would have perished. 

At the close of 1914, the life-saving establishments in 
the United States included 285 stations, 203 being on the 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 17 

Atlantic and Gulf coasts, 62 on the lakes, 19 on the Pacific 
coast, 1 at Nome, Alaska, and 1 at the falls of the Ohio, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Since the establishment of the life-saving service down to 
June 30th, 1914, the number of disasters was 28,121 ; 
value of property involved, $355,401,084 ; value of property 
saved, $288,871,237; value of property lost, $66,529,847; 
persons involved, 178,741 ; persons lost, 1,455 ; shipwrecked 
persons succored at stations, 28,711 ; days' succor afforded, 
59,659. 

In addition to the 522 disasters in 1914, there were 1,415 
casualties to lesser craft, such as launches, sailboats, row- 
boats, &c., on which were 3,757 persons of whom all were 
saved excepting 12. 

As in every State and in the National government, the 
government consists of the legislative, executive and ju- 
diciary. The last named embraces the courts. 

Justice's Court. — This is the lowest court with common 
law and criminal jurisdiction. Suits involving no more than 
$200 may be tried in it, and appeal can be had to the 
Court of Quarter Sessions. 

Police Court. — This is composed of a police justice, or a 
justice of the peace appointed by him. His criminal juris- 
diction in the city for which he is appointed is the same 
as that of a justice of the peace. He tries cases of vio- 
lation of city ordinances and appeal is to the Court of 
Common Pleas, or Quarter Sessions, or to the Supreme or 
Circuit Court. 

District Court. — The jurisdiction of this court is limited 
to the county in which the court is held. It has authority 
in all suits of a civil nature in which the sum involved 
does not exceed $500. exclusive of costs, including, disputes 
between landlords and tenants and replevin and attachment 
cases. Appeal is to the Supreme Court. 

Court of Quarter Sessions. — This court has jurisdiction 
over all offences of an indictable nature within the county, 
except treason and murder. As a court of common law 
jurisdiction, it can hear only appeals from the justices' 
courts and the police courts. 

Court of Common Picas. — The jurisdiction of this court 
is extensive. It holds three stated terms each year and 
special terms when so ordered by the Supreme Court. Its 
original jurisdiction includes all personal actions not in- 
volving the freehold ; the changing of the name of any 
town or village in the county or of any person on his 
request ; cases relating to insolvency, roads and wrecks ; 
the property of absconding debtors ; applications for exemp- 
tion from military duty, and it decides suits against con- 
stables who neglect to execute warrants. It grants licenses 
and tries cases referred to it by the Circuit Court. The 
presiding officer is a judge appointed to that office. The 



18 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

justice of the Supreme Court, holdinj? the Circuit Court 
within the county, is ex-officio judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas. It can try cases referred to it by the Circuit Court 
and certify the same to the Supreme Court. 

Circuit Court. — This court has concurrent jurisdiction with 
the Supreme Court except in criminal cases and has author- 
ity to try Supreme Court issues. It holds three stated 
terms annually and a special term when so ordered by a 
justice of the Supreme Court. Appeals are taken to the 
Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Supreme Court of Judicature. — The chief justice and eight 
associate justices compose this court, which may be held 
by any one of the nine justices. It meets in Trenton on the 
third Tuesday in February and the first Tuesdays respec- 
tively of June and November. Special terms may be ordered 
by the chief justice or any two associate justices. Its 
jurisdiction covers all real, personal or mixed actions at 
common law, and it has power to decide when the laws 
and joint resolutions have not been duly passed and ap- 
proved. It has authority to review the proceedings of other 
courts and the only appeal is to the Court of Errors and 
Appeals. The business of this court has grown to such an 
extent that it has been divided into parts I., II. and III. 

Court of Errors and AppeaU. — This court is composed of 
the chancellor, the justices of the Supreme Court and six 
specially appointed justices. It is the highest tribunal in 
the State from whose decisions there is no appeal. 

Court of Chancery. — The members of this court are the 
chancellor and eight vice-chancellors. Its function is to 
give such relief as is not given by the common law courts, 
and appeal must be made to the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Surrogate Court. — Each county has a surrogate whose 
duties mainly relate to will cases. Appeals have to be 
made to the Orphans' Court of the county. 

Orphans' Court. — This court is held by the judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas, the justices of the Supreme Court 
being judges ex-offlcio. It decides all disputes relating to 
wills, the accounts of executors, the recovery of legacies, 
the mental condition of persons in the military, naval or 
marine service, the division of estates, &c. 

Prerogative Court. — The chancellor is the judge of the 
Prerogative Court, which has authority to grant the probate 
of wills, letters of administration and the settlement of 
disputes relating to the same. Its decisions are to the 
Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Court for the Trial of Impeachments. — This court con- 
sists of the senate which tries the governor or any officer 
of the State for misdemeanor while holding such office. 
The impeachment must be by the assembly. A two-thirds 
vote is necessary to convict and from such conviction there 
is no appeal. 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 19 

Court of Pardons. — This court consists of the governor, 
chancellor and the six judges of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals. A majority of the court of whom the governor 
must be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, grant pardons 
after conviction except in cases of impeachment, and com- 
mute sentences of death to imprisonment at hard labor 
for life or a stated number of years. There is no appeal 
from the judgment of this court. 

Court of Oyer and Terminer. — This court is composed of 
any Supreme Court justice and the judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas. It meets in the respective counties and has 
jurisdiction over all offences of an indictable nature, from 
which appeal may be made to the Supreme Court. 

In addition to the courts specified, there is one for the 
trial of juvenile offenders, which is for the beneficent pur- 
pose of reforming rather than punishing youthful criminals, 
and the Coroner's Court, whose duty is to inquire into 
the causes of all deaths in prison and of those elsewhere 
which have a suspicious appearance. No appeal can be 
taken from the verdict of a coroner's jury. 

It is a singular coincidence that the three presidential 
cabinet members from New Jersey down to 1877, were each 
Secretary of the Navy. They were, Samuel L, Southard, 
1823-29 ; Mahlon Dickerson, 1834-38, and George M. Robe- 
son, 1869-77. The cabinet officers from this State, since 
the last-named date, were, F. T. Frelinghuysen, Secretary 
of State, 1881-85 ; John W. Griggs, Attorney-General, 1898- 
1901, and Lindley M. Garrison, Secretary of War, 1913-1916. 
Having done so well with the cabinet. New Jersey gave the 
nation her governor (Woodrow Wilson), in 1913, when on 
March 4th he began his four-year term as President of the 
United States. 

The population of New Jersey in 1790 was 184,139 and 
in 1915, 2,844,342. 

OHRONOLOGIOAL LIST OP G-OVERNORS. 

Cornelius Jacobsen Mey (Director New Netherlands), 1624 

William Verhulst (Director New Netherlands) 1625 

Peter Minuit (Governor of New Netherlands) 1626 to 1631 

Bastiaen Janssen Crol (Director Gen. New Nether- 
lands) 1631 to 1633 

Wouter Van Twiller (Governor of New Netherlands) . . 1633 to 1637 

William Kleft (Governor of New Netherlands) 1633 to 1637 

Col. John Printz (Governor of New Sweden) 1642 to 1653 

Peter Stuyvesant (Governor of New Netherlands) 1646 to 1664 

Philip Carteret (first English Governor) 1664 to 1676 

GOVERNORS OP EAST JERSEY. 

Philip Carteret 1677 to 1682 

Robert Barclay (Proprietary Governor in England) . . . 1682 to 1690 
Thomas Rudyard (Deputy Governor) 1682 to 1683 



20 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

Gawen Lawrle (Deputy Governor) 1683 to 1686 

Lord Neil Campbell (Deputy Governor) 1086 to 1687 

Andrew Hamilton (Deputy GoA'ernor) 1687 to 1690 

Major Edmund Andross (Koyal Governor of New York), 1688 to 1689 
John Tatliam (Proprietary Governor — rejected by 

Trovince) 1690 

Col. Josei)b Dudley (Proprietary Governor — rejected by 

the Province) 1692 to 1697 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse 1698 to 1699 

Andrew Bowne (Deputy Governor) 1699 

Andrew Hamilton 1699 to 1702 



GOVERNORS OF WEST JERSEY. 

Board of Commissioners 1676 to 1681 

Edward Byllinge (Governor) 1680 to 1687 

Samuel Jennings (Deputy Governor) 1681 to 1684 

Thomas Olive (Deputy Governor) 1684 to 168.5 

John Skene 1685 to 1687 

Daniel Coxe 1687 to 1692 

Major Edmund Andros (Governor of New York) 1688 to 1689 

Edward Hunloke (Deputy Governor) 1690 

West Jersey Society of Proprietors 1691 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse (of both Provinces) 1697 to 1699 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1699 to 1702 

EAST AND WEST JERSEY UNITED. 

Edward, Lord Cornbury, Governor 1703 to 1708 

John, Lord Lovelace (died in office) 1708 

Richard Ingoldsby, Lieutenant-Governor 1709 to 1710 

General Robert Hunter 1710 to 1719 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1719 to 1720 

William Burnet 1720 to 1727 

John Montgomerie 1"28 to 1731 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1731 to 1732 

William Cosby 1732 to 1736 

John Anderson (President of Council) 1736 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1736 to 1738 

(The foregoing were also Governors of New York at the same 
time.) 

SEPARATE FROM NEW YORK. 

Lewis Morris 1738 to 1746 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1746 to 1747 

John Reading (President of Council) 1747 

Jonathan Belcher 1747 to 1757 

Thomas Pownall, Lieutenant-Governor 1757 

John Reading (President of Council) 1757 to 1758 

Francis Bernard 1758 to 1760 

Thomas Boone 1760 to 1761 

Josiah Hardy 1761 to 1762 

William Franklin 1763 to 1776 

FROM THE ADOPTION OF THE STATE CONSTITUTION. 

William Livingston (Federalist) 1776 to 1790 

William Paterson (Federalist) 1790 to 1792 

Richard Howell (Federalist) 1792 to 1801 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 21 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1801 to 1802 

John Lambert, President of Council and Acting Gov- 
ernor (Democrat) 1802 to 1803 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1803 to 1812 

Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 1813 to 1813 

William S. Pennington (Democrat) 1813 to 1815 

Mahlon Dickerson (Democrat) 1815 to 1817 

Isaac H. Williamson (Federalist) 1817 to 1829 

Garret D. Wall (Democrat) 1829 decl'd 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1829 to 1832 

Samuel L. Southard (Whig) 1832 to 1833 

Elias P. Seeley (Whig) 1833 to 1833 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1833 to 1836 

Philemon Dickerson (Democrat) 1836 to 1837 

William Pennington (Whig) 1837 to 1843 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1843 to 1844 

Charles C. Stratton (Whig) 1845 to 1848 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1848 to 1851 

George F. Fort (Democrat) 1851 to 1854 

Rodman M. Price (Democrat) 1854 to 1857 

William A. Newell (Republican) 1857 to 1860 

Charles S. Olden (Republican) 1860 to 1863 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1863 to 1866 

Marcus L. Ward (Republican) 1866 to 1869 

Theodore F. Randolph (Democrat) 1869 to 1872 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1872 to 1875 

Joseph D. Bedle (Democrat) 1875 to 1878 

George B. McClellan (Democrat) 1878 to 1881 

George C. Ludlow (Democrat) 1881 to 1884 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1884 to 1887 

Robert S. Green (Democrat) 1887 to 1890 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1890 to 1893 

George T. Werts (Democrat) 1893 to 1896 

John W. Griggs (Republican) 1896 to 1898 

Foster M. Voorhees (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Feb. 1, '98, to Oct. 18, '98 

David O. Watkins (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Oct. 18, '98, to Jan. 16, '99 

Foster M. Voorhees (Republican) 1899 to 1902 

Franklin Murphy (Republican) 1902 to 1905 

Edward C. Stokes (Republican) 1905 to 1908 

John Franklin Fort (Republican) 1908 to 1911 

Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) 1911 to 1913 

James F. Fielder (Democrat), Acting Governor 

March 1, '13, to Oct. 28, '13 

Leon R. Taylor (Democrat), Acting Governor 

Oct. 28 to Jan. 20, '14 

James F. Fielder (Democrat) 1914 to 1917 

Walter E. Edge (Republican) 1917 to 

OTHER ACTING GOVERNORS OF NEW JERSEY. 

The following is a list of Presidents of the Senate who served 
as Acting Governors, for brief periods, during temporary absence 
of regular Governors: 

William M. Johnson (Rep.), Bergen 1900 

Edmund W. Wakelee (Rep.), Bergen 1904 

Joseph S. Frelinghuysen (Rep.), Somerset 1909 

Ernest R. Ackerman (Rep.), Union 1911 

John Dyneley Prince (Rep.), Passaic 1912 

John W. Slocum (Dem.), Monmouth 1914 

Walter E. Edge (Rep.), Atlantic 1915 

George W. F. Gaunt (Rep.), Gloucester 1916 



22 UNITED STATES SENATORS. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



The following Is a list of the United States Senators for New 
Jersey from 1789 to date: 

Jonathan Elmer, March 4. 1789, to March 3, 1791. 

William Paterson, March 4, 1789, to November 23, 1790. 

Philemon Dickinson, November 23, 1790, to March 3, 1793. 

John Rutherford, March 4, 1791, to December 5, 1798. 

Frederick Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1793, to November 12, 1796. 

Richard Stockton, November 12, 1796, to March 3, 1799. 

Franklin Davenport, December 5, 1798, to February 14, 1799. 

James Schureman, February 14, 1799, to February 26, 1801. 

Jonathan Dayton, March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1805. 

Aaron Ogden, February 26, 1801, to March 3, 1803. 

John Condit, September 1, 1803, to March 3, 1809. 

Aaron Kltchell, March 4, 1805, to March 21, 1809. 

John Lambert, March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1815. 

John Condit, March 21, 1809, to March 3, 1817. 

James Jefferson Wilson,- March 4, 1815, to January 26, 1„ I. 

Mahlon Dlckerson, March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1829. 

Samuel L. Southard, January 26, 1821, to November 12. 1823. 

Joseph Mcllvalne, November 12, 1823, to August 16, 1826. 

Ephralm Bateman, November 10, 1826, to January 30, 1829. 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1835. 

Mahlon Dlckerson, January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833. 

Samuel L. Southard, March 4, 1833, to June 26, 1842. 

Garret D. Wall, March 4, 1835, to March 3, 1841. 

Jacob W. Miller. March 4, 1841, to March 3, 1853. 

William L. Dayton, July 2, 1842, to March 8, 1851. 

Jacob W. Miller, January 4, 1841, to March 3, 1853. 

Robert F. Stockton, March 4, 1851, to February 11, 1853. 

William Wright, March 4, 1853, to March 3, 1850. 

John R. Thomson (died), February 11, 1853, to December, 1862. 

Richard S. Field (vacancy), December 12, 1862, to January IS, 

1863. 
John C. Ten Eyck, from March 17, 1859, to March 3, 1865. 
James W. Wall (vacancy), January 14, 1863, to March 3, 1883. 
William Wright, March 4, 1863, to November, 1866. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, November, 1866, to March 3, 1869. 
John P. Stockton, March 4. 1865, to March 27, 1866. 
Alexander G. Cattell, March 27, 1886, to March 3, 1871. 
John P. Stockton, March 4, 1869, to March 3, 1875. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen. March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877. 
T. F. Randolph, March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881. 
John R. McPherson, March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1895. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1887. 
Rufus Blodgett, March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1893. 
James Smith, Jr., March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1899. 
William J. Sewell, March 4, 1895, to December 26, 1901. 
John Kean, March 4, 1899. to March 3, 1911. 
John F. Dryden, February 4, 1902, to March 8, 1907. 
Frank O. Brlggs, March 4, 1907, to March 3, 1913. 
James E. Martina, March 4, 1911, to March 3, 1917. 

William Hughes, March 4, 1913, to . 

Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1917, to . 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 23 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 



When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which 
have connected them with another, and to assume, among 
the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to 
which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, 
tl decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that 
they should declare the causes which impel them to the 
separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, lib- 
erty and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these 
rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving 
their just powers from the consent of the governed; that 
whenever any form of government becomes destructive of 
these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish 
it, and to institute a new government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their 
safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that 
governments long established should not be changed for 
light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience 
hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, 
while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing in- 
variably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them 
under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, 
to throw off such government, and to provide new guards 
for their future security. Such has been the patient suffer- 
ance of these colonies, and ?uch is now the necessity which 
constrains them to alter their former systems of govern- 
ment. The history of the present king of Great Britain is 
a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, 
In direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny 
over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to 
a candid world: 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome 
and necessary for the public good. 



24 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of imme- 
diate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their 
operations till his assent should be obtained; and when so 
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would re- 
linquish the right of representation in the Legislature— a 
right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places un- 
usual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of 
their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them 
into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for 
opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights 
of the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative 
powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the 
people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in 
the meantime, exposed to all the dangers of invasions from 
without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for the nat- 
uralization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to en- 
courage their migration hither, and raising the conditions 
of new appropriations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of 
their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our Legislatures. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, 
and superior to, the civil pov/er. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitutions, and unacknowledged by 
our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended leg- 
islation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us; 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, 
for any murders which they should commit on the inhab- 
itants of these States; 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world; 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 25 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent; 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefit of trial by 
jury; 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses; 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a 
neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary 
government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render 
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing 
the same absolute rule into these colonies; 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments; 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring 
themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all 
cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned 
our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny, already begun, with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 
>He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrection among us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and con- 
ditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A 
prince whose character is thus marked by every act which 
may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in our attentions to our Brit- 
ish brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of 
attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the cir- 
cumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We 
have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, 
and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common 
kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inev- 



26 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



Itably Interrupt our connections and correspondence. 'JThey, 
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consan- 
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, 
which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we 
hold the rest of mankind, enemies in w^ar, in peace, friends. 
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States 
of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to 
the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our 
Intentions, do. in the name and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and de- 
clare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought 
to be. Free and Independent States; that they are also ab- 
solved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that 
all political connection between them and the State of 
Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and 
that, as Free and Independent States, they have full power 
to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish 
commerce, and do all other acts and things which Inde- 
pendent States may of right do. And, for the support of 
this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of 
Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our 
lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



Georgia- 
Button Gwinnett. 
Lyman Hall. 
Geo. Walton. 

South Carolina- 
Edward Rutledge. 
Thos. Hayward, Jr. 
Thomas Lynch, Jr. 
Arthur Middleton. 

Virginia- 
George Wythe. 
Richard Henry Lee. 
Thos. Jefferson. 
Benjan. Harrison. 
Thos. Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. 
Carter Braxton. 

Delaware- 
Caesar Rodney. 
Geo. Read. 

New Jersey— 

Richd. Stockton. 
Jno. Witherspoon. 
Fras. Hopkinson. 
John Hart. 
Abra. Clark. 



Maryland- 
Samuel Chase. 
Wm. Paca. 
Thos. Stone. 
Charles Carroll, 

of Carrollton. 

Pennsylvania— 
Robt. Morris. 
Benjamin Rush. 
Benja. Franklin. 
John Morton. 
Thomas McKean, 
Geo. Clymer. 
Jas. Smith. 
Geo, Taylor. 
James Wilson. 
Geo. Ross. 

New York— 
Wm. Floyd. 
Phil. Livingston. 
Fran's Lewis. 
Lewis Morris. 

New Hampshire— 
Josiah Bartlett. 
Wm. Whipple. 
Matthew Thornton. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



27 



IVIassachusetts Bay — 
Saml. Adams. 
John Adams. 
Robt. Treat Paine. 
Elbridge Gerry. 

North Carolina — 
Wm. Hooper. 
Joseph Hewes. 
John Penn. 



Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence. &c. — 
Step. Hopkins. 
William Ellery. 

Connecticut- 
Roger Sherman. 
Saml. Huntington. 
Wm. Williams. 
Oliver Wolcott. 



Ordered: IN CONGRESS, January 18, 1777. 

That an authenticated copy of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendency, with the names of the Members of Congress 
subscribing the same, be sent to each of the United States, 
and that they be desired to have the same put on record. 

By order of Congress. JOHN HANCOCK, 

Attest, Chas. Thomson, A true copy. President. 

Secy. John Hancock, 

Presidt. 



28 CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 

CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.* 



We, the people of the United States, in order to form a 
more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tran- 
quillity, provide for the common defense, promote the gen- 
eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to our- 
selves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Con- 
stitution of the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 

LEGISLATIVE POWERS. 
Section I. 
All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a 
Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 
Section II. 

1. The house of representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several States; and the electors in each State shall have 
the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislature. 

MEMBERS' QUALIFICATIONS. 

2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he 
shall be chosen. 

RULE OF APPORTIONING REPRESENTATIVES 
AND DIRECT TAXES. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several States which may be included within 



*This Constitution went into operation on the first Wed- 
nesday in March, 1789. 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 29 

this Union, according to their respective numbers, which 
shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free 
persons, including- those bound to service for a term of 
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all 
other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term 
of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. 
The number of representatives shall not exceed one for 
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least 
one representative; and until such enumeration shall be 
made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, 
six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, 
one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; 
South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. 

FILLING OF VACANCIES. 

4. "VVTien vacancies happen in the representation of any 
State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

OFFICERS— IMPEACHMENT. 

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers, and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

SENATE— HOW COMPOSED. 

Section III. 

1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of 
two senators from each State, chosen by the legislature 
thereof, for six years, and each senator shall have one 
vote. 

ROTATION OF SENATORS. 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the 
fourth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year. And if vacancies happen by resignation, or 
otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any 
State, the executive thereof may make temporary appoint- 
ments until the next meeting of the legislature, which 
shall then fill such vacancies. 



30 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a 
citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when 
elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall 
be chosen. 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be presi- 
dent of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be 
equally divided. 

SENATE OFFICERS, 

5. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-Presi- 
dent, or when he shall exercise the office of President of 
the United States. 

THE SENATE'S POWERS. 

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im- 
peachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be 
on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United 
States is tried, the chief justice shall preside. And no 
person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under 
the United States; but the party convicted shall, never- 
theless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judg- 
ment and punishment according to law. 



MEMBERS OF CONGRESS— HOW ELECTED. 
Section IV. 

1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for 
senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each 
State, by the legislature thereof; but the congress may, at 
any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing senators. 

WHEN CONGRESS SHALL MEET. 

2. Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 31 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF EACH HOUSE. 

Section V. 

1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in 
such manner and under such penalties as each house may 
provide. 

RULES, &C. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

JOURNALS. 

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of each house, on any question, 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

4. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

COMPENSATION, PRIVILEGES AND INCAPACITIES. 
Section VI. 

1. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and 
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, 
in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to 
and returning from the same; and for any speech or de- 
bate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

APPOINTMENT TO OFFICE. 

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased, during such time; and no person holding any office 



32 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

Tinder the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

REVENUE BILLS. 

Section VII. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house 
of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

PASSING BILLS, &C. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the house of repre- 
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, 
be presented to the President of the United States; if he 
approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origi- 
nated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour- 
nal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsid- 
eration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall be- 
come a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses 
shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of 
the persons voting for and against the bill shall be en- 
tered on the journal of each house respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had 
signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, pre- 
vent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 

ORDERS AND RESOLUTIONS. 

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concur- 
rence of the senate and house of representatives may be 
necessary (except on the question of adjournment), shall 
be presented to the President of the United States, and 
before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by 
him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, ac- 
cording to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section VIIL 
The congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, 
to pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 33 

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, im- 
posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United 
States. 

2. To borrow money on the credit of United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and 
uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 
the United States; 

5. To coin money, regula.te the value thereof, and of for- 
eign coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the 
securities and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish post offices and post roads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed 
on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, 
and make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of 
the land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the 
laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel in- 
vasions; 

16. To provide for organizinz, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be 
employed in the service of the United States, reserving to 
the States, respectively, the appointment of the officers, 
and the authority of training the militia according to the 
discipline prescribed by congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatso- 
ever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square), 
as may, by cession of particular States, and the accept- 
ance of congress, become the seat of government of the 
United States; and to exercise like authority over all places 
purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, maga- 
zines, arsenals, dock-yards and other needful buildings; 
and— 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, 

3 



34 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the govern- 
ment of the United States, or in any department or officer 
thereof, 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section IX. 

1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, 
shall not be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year 
one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty 
may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten 
dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, 
the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law shall be 
passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless 
In proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore 
directed to be taken. 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from 
any State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over 
those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one 
State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in 
consequence of appropriations made bj- law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. ■ 

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 
States; and no person holding any office of lyofit or trust 
under them, shall, without the consent of the congress, 
accept of any present, emolument, office or title of any kind 
whatever, from any king, prince or foreign State» 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF INDI- 
VIDUAL STATES. 

Section X. 

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or con- 
federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the congress, 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 35 

lay any imposts or duties on Imports or exports, except 
what may be absolutely necessary for executing its in- 
spection laws; and the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for 
the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such 
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of congress, lay 
any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, 
unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will 
not admit delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER. 
Section I. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of 
the United States of America. He shall hold his office dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

HOW ELECTED, 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legis- 
lature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to 
the whole number of senators and representatives to which 
the State may be entitled in congress; but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGES. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and 
vote by ballot, for two persons, of whom one, at least, shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. 
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and 
of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign 
and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the president of 
the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all 
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The 
person having the greatest number of votes shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole num- 
ber of electors appointed; and if there be more than one 
who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the house of representatives shall immediately 



36 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

choose by ballot, one of them for President; and If no per- 
son have a majority, then from the five highest on the 
list, the said house shall in like manner choose the Presi- 
dent. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a ma- 
lority of the States shall be necessary to a choice. In 
every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall 
be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from 
them, by ballot, the Vice-President. [See Xllth amend- 
ment.] 

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their -"Ctes, 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

WHO MAT BE ELECTED PRESIDENT. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of 

the United States at the time of the adoption of this con- 
stitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither 
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not 
have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been 
fourteen years a resident within the United States. [See 
Xllth amendment.! 

ON THE DEATH, REMOVAL, &C., OF THE PRESI- 
DENT, THE POWERS AND DUTIES DE- 
VOLVE UPON THE VICE- 
PRESIDENT. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or 
of his death, resignation or inability to discharge the pow- 
ers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on 
the Vice-President; and the congress may, by law, provide 
for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, 
both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what 
officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
President shall be elected. 

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall neither be increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected; and he shall not receive, within that period. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 37 

any other emolument from the United States or any of 
them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

THE OATH. 

*'I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend 
the constitution of the United States." 

POWERS, &C., OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section II. 

1. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army 
and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of 
the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and 
pardons for offenses against the United States, except in 
cases of impeachment. 

TREATIES, AMBASSADORS, «6:C. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds 
of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and 
by and with the advice and consent of the senate shall 
appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, 
judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the 
United States whose appointments are not herein other- 
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. 
But the congress may, by law, vest the appointment of 
such inferior officers as they think proper in the President 
alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of department. 

APPOINTING POWER. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions, which shall expire at the end of their 
next session. 

DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section III. 
He shall, from time to time, give to the congress infor- 
mation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 



38 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary 
and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, con- 
vene both houses, or either of them; and in case of disa- 
greement between +Jiem with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the 
United States. 

IMPEACHMENT, &C. 
Section IV. 

The President, Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or other high 
crimes and misdemeanors. 



ARTICLE III. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

Section I. 

The judicial power of the United States shall be vested 
in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the 
congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The 
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold 
their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their service a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

EXTENT OF THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

(See Amendments, Art. XI.) 

Section II, 

1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and 
equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the 
United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
or other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or ihore States; between a State and citizens 
of another State; between citizens of different States; be- 
tween citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign. States, citizens or subjects. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 39 

ORIGINAL AND APPELLATE JURISDICTION OP 
THE SUPREME COURT. 

2. In all eases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, and those in which a State shall be 
partj"", the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. 
In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court 
shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, 
with such exceptions and under such regulations as the 
congress shall make. 

TRIALS FOR CRIMES. 

3. The trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeach- 
ment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the 
State where the said crime shall have been committed; but 
when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at 
such place or places as the congress may by law have 
directed. 

TREASON— WHAT AND HOW PUNISHED. 

Section III. 

1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in 
lev>'ing war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

2. The congress shall have power to declare the punish- 
ment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work 
corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of 
the person attainted. 

ARTICLE IV. 

ACTS, RECORDS, &C.. OF EACH STATE. 

Section I. 

Full faith and credit shall be given, in each State, to the 
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the congress may, by general laws, prescribe 
the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings 
shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

PRIVILEGES OF CITIZENS. 

Section IL 

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privi- 
leges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



40 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority 
of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be 
removed to the State having- jurisdiction of the crime. 

SERVANTS. &C., TO BE SURRENDERED ON CLAIM. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under 
the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conse- 
quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged 
from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on 
claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be 
due. 

HOW NEW STATES ARE ADMITTED. 
Section III. 

1. New States may be admitted by the congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within 
the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States, without the consent of the legislatures of the 
States concerned, as v/ell as of the congress. 

THE DISPOSITION OP TERRITORIES. 

2. The congress shall have power to dispose of, and make 
all needful rules and regulations respecting, the territory 
or other property belonging to the United States; and 
nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to 
prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par- 
ticular State. 

GUARANTY AND PROTECTION OF THE STATES 
BY THE UNION. 

Section IV. 

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature or of the executive (when the legislature can- 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 41 

ARTICLE V. 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION- 
HOW MADE. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem It necessarj'-, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution; or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for 
proposing amendments, which in either case shall be valid, 
to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, 
when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, 
as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the congress; provided, that no amendment which 
may be made prior to the year eighteen hundred and eight 
shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in 
the ninth section of the first article, and that no State, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

FORMER DEBTS VALID. 
Section I. 
All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be- 
fore the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valia 
against the United States under this constitution as under 
the confederation. 

THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND. 
Section II. 
This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH NO RELIGIOUS TEST. 
Section III. 
The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State legislatures, and all ex- 
ecutive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever 



42 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



be required as a qualification to any oflSce of public trust 
under the United States. 



ARTICLE VII. 

WHEN THE CONSTITUTION TO TAKE EFFECT. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution be- 
tween the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in the convention, by the unanimous consent of the 
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
seven, and of the independence of the United States of 
America the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



New Hampshire- 
John Langdon, 
Nicholas Oilman. 

Massachusetts- 
Nathaniel Gorman, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut — 

William Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman. 

New Yorie— 

Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey- 
William Livingston. 
DaviU Bieariey, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Dayton. 

Pennsylvania — 

Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas Mifflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer, 
Thomas Fitzsimons, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morris. 



Attest: 

William Jackson, 

Secretary. 



Delaware- 
George Reed, 
Gunning Bedford, Jun., 
John Dickinson, 
Richard Bassett, 
Jacob Broom. 

Maryland— 

Dan'l of St. Thos. Jeni- 
fer, 
James McHenry, 
Daniel Carroll. 

Virginia- 
John Blair, 
James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina — 
William Blunt, 
Richd Dobbs Spaight, 
Hugh Williamson. 

South Carolina- 
John Rutledge, 
Chas, CoatesworthPinck- 

ney, 
Charles Pinckney, 
Pierce Butler. 

Georgia- 
William Few, 
Abraham Baldwin. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 43 



AMENDMENTS 



TO THE CONSTITUTION of the United States. Ratified 
According to the Provisions of the Fifth Article of the 
Foregoing Constitution. 



The following articles proposed by congress, in addition 
to and amendments of the constitution of the United 
States, having been ratified by the legislatures of three- 
fourths of the States, are become a part of the consti- 
tution. 

First Congress, First Session, March 5th, 1789. 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHT OF CONSCIENCE, FREEDOM OF THE 
PRESS, &C. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petitioi- 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

OF THE MILITIA. 
A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 



ARTICLE III. 

OF QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 
No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any 
house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OF UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 



44 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
Issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affir- 
mation, and particularly describing- the place to be 
searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

OF CRIMES AND INDICTMENTS. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising- in the land 
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service 
in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be 
subject, for the same offense, to be twice put in jeopardy 
of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be witness against himself; nor to be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor 
shall private property be taken for public use without just 
compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of 
the State and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining 
witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- 
sel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

OF TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be other- 
wise re-examined in any court of the United States, than 
according to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

OF BAILS, FINES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fiues 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 45 

ARTICLE IX. 

RESERVED RIGHTS. 

The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others, retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

POWERS NOT DELEGATED RESERVED. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved 
to the States respectively, or to the people. 

Third Congress, Second Session, December 2d, 1783. 

ARTICLE XI. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER— SEE ART. 3, SEC. 2. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States, by citizens 
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
State. 

Eighth Congress, First Session, October 17th, 1803. 

ARTICLE XII. 

HOW THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 
ARE ELECTED. 
The electors shall meet in their respective States,* and 
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
State with themselves; thej'- shall name, in their ballots, 
the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots 
the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, 
and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and 
certify, and transmit sealed.f to the seat of the government 
of the United States, directed to the president of the sen- 



•On the second Monday In January next following their 
appointment. 
tAfter the second Monday In January, 



46 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of 
the senate and house of representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates,* and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall 
be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed. And if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having the highest num- 
bers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as 
President, the house of representatives shall choose imme- 
diately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the Presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this pur- 
pose shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall 
b^ necessary to a choice; and if the house of representa- 
tives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of a 
choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of 
March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the President. The person having the 
greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the 
Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineli- 
gible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of 
Vice-President of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED— 13TH AMENDMENT, 

PASSED 1865. 

Section I. 

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a 

punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been 

duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 

place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Section II. 
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 



*On the 2d Wednesday in February, by the same act. 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 47 

CITIZENS AND THEIR RIGHTS-14TH AMENDMENT. 

Section I. 

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No 
State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, 
liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. 

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective number, counting the 
whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed; but whenever the right to vote at any election 
for electors of President and Vice-President, or for United 
States representatives in congress, executive and judicial 
officers, or the members of the legislature thereof, is de- 
nied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, 
or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebel- 
lion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of 
such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 



DISABILITY OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE 
REBELLION. 

Section III. 

No person shall be a senator or representative in con- 
gress, elector of President and Vice President, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a 
member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any State to support the constitution 
of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or 
rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof; but congress may, by a vote of two-thirds 
of each house, remove such disability. 



48 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S 

VALIDITY OF PUBLIC DEBT NOT TO BE QUES- 
TIONED. 

Section IV. 

The validity of the public debt of the United States au- 
thorized by law, including- debts incurred for the payment 
of pensions and bounties for service in suppressing insur- 
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned, but neither 
the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any 
debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel- 
lion against the United States, or claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations 
and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Section V. 

The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropri- 
ate legislation, the provisions of this article. 



ARTICLE XV. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE NOT TO BE IMPAIRED. 

* Section I. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State, on account of race, color or previous condition of 
servitude. 

Section II. 

The congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

[The fifteenth amendment passed at the Fortieth Con- 
gress.] 



njjj'vy J <»' ^^^J,^r 






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CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 49 

ARTICLE XVI. 

POWER TO LAY AND COLLECT TAXES ON 
INCOMES. 

The congress shall have power to lay and collect 
taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, with- 
out apportionment among the States, and without 
regard to any census or enumeration. 

ARTICLE XVIL 

UNITED STATES SENATORS TO BE ELECTED BY 
THE PEOPLE. 

The senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two senators from eacli State, elected by the people 
thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have 
one vote. The electors in each State shall have the 
qualifications requisite for election of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislatures. 

Whenever vacancies happen in the representation of 
any State in the senate, the executive authority of 
such State shall issue writs of election to fill such 
vacancies, provided that the legislature of any State 
may empower the executive thereof to make temporary 
appointments until the people fill the vacancies by 
election as the legislature may direct. 

This amendment shall not be so construed as to 
affect the election or term of any senator chosen 
before it becomes valid as part of tlie ConstitvUion. 
4 



50 PRESIDENTS. 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. Term of Office. 

1789. . .George Washington. .. .Virginia- 8 yearp. 

1797... John Adams Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1801. . .Thomas Jefferson Vliglnla 8 years. 

1809. . .James Madison Virginia 8 years. 

1817... James Monroe Virginia 8 years. 

1824... John Quincy Adams. . .Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1829. . .Andrew Jackson Tennessee 8 years. 

1837. . .Martin Van Buren New York 4 years. 

1841... Wm. Henry Harrison*. Ohio 1 month. 

1841. ..John Tyler Virginia 3 yr., 11 mos. 

1845... James Knox Polk Tennessee 4 years. 

1849. . .Zachary Taylort Louisiana ly., 4m., 5d. 

1850... Millard Fillmore New York 2y., 7m.. 26d, 

1853. . .Franklin Pierce N. Hampshire. .. 4 years. 

1857... James Buchanan Pennsylvania ...4 years. 

1861. . .Abraham Llncolnt Illinois 4y., Im., lOd. 

1865. . .Andrew Johnson Tennessee 3y., 10m., 20d. 

1869. . .Ulysses S. Grant Illinois 8 years. 

1877. . .Rutherford B. Hayes. .Ohio 4 years. 

1881... James A Garfield**. . . Ohio 6m., 15d. 

1881. . .Chester A. Arthur New York 3y., Bm., 15d. 

1885. . .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1889. . .Benjamin Harrison. ... Indiana 4 years. 

1893. . .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1897... William McKInleytt. . . Ohio 4y., 5m., lid. 

1901. . .Theodore Roosevelt. .. .New York 7y., 6m., 20d. 

1909... William H. Taft Ohio 4 years. 

1913. . .Woodrow Wilson New Jersey 



*Died In ofl^ce April 4, 1841, when Vice-President Tyler 
succeeded him. 

tDled In office July 9, 1850, when Vice-President Fillmore 
succeeded him. 

^Assassinated April 14, 1865; died April IB, 186B, when 
Vice-President Johnson succeeded him. 

••Assassinated July 2, 1881; died September 19, 1881, when 
Vice-President Arthur succeeded him. 

ttAssasslnated September 6, 1901; died September 14, 1901, 
when Vice-President Roosevelt succeeded him. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 51 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. "Where From. 

1789 John Adams Massachusetts. 

1797 Thomas Jefferson Virginia. 

1801 Aaron Burr New York. 

1804 George Clinton New York. 

1813 Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts. 

1817 Daniel D. Tompkins New York. 

1824 John C Calhoun South Carolina. 

1833 Martin Van Buren New York. 

1837 Richard M. Johnson Kentucky. 

1841 John Tyler Virginia. 

1842 Samuel L. Southard* New Jersey. 

1845 George M. Dallas Pennsylvania. 

1849 Millard Fillmore New York. 

1851 "William R. King* Alabama. 

1853 David R. Atkinson* Missouri. 

1855 Jesse D. Bright* Indiana. 

1857 John C. Breckenrldge Kentucky. 

1861 Hannibal Hamlin Maine. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee. 

1865 Lafayette C. Foster* Connecticut. 

1869 Schuyler Colfax Indiana. 

1873 Henry"Wilsont Massachusetts. 

1875 Thomas "W. Ferry* Michigan. 

1877 "William A. "Wheeler New York. 

1881 Chester A. Arthur New York. 

1883 George F. Edmunds Vermont. 

1885 Thomas A. Hendrlckst Indiana. 

1886 John Sherman* Ohio. 

1889 Levi P. Morton New York. 

1893 Adlai E. Stevenson Illinois. 

1897 Garret A. Hobart** New Jersey. 

1899 "William P. Frye* Maine. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt New York. 

1901 "William P. Frye* Maine. 

1905 Charles "W. Fairbanks Indiana. 

1909 James S. Sherman** New York. 

1913 Thomas R. Marshall Indiana. 



•Served as President pro tem. of Senate. 
tDied in office November 22, 1875. 
tDied In office November 25, 1885. 
••Died in office November 21, 1899. 
••Died in office October 30, 1912. 



52 STATE CONSTITUTION. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 



A CONSTITUTION agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of New Jersey, in convention begun at Trenton 
on the fourteenth day of May, and continued to the 
twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and forty-four, ratified by the 
people at an election held on the thirteenth day of 
August, A. D. 1844, and amended at a special election 
held on the seventh day of September, A. D. 1875, and 
at another special election held on the twenty-eighth 
day of September, A. D. 1897. 

We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to 
Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He 
hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him 
for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit 
the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain 
and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES. 

1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have 
certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are 
those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing 
and obtaining safety and happiness. 

2. All political power is inherent in the people. Govern- 
ment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter 
or reform the same, whenever the public good may re- 
quire it. 

3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable pri\a- 
lege of Vt^orshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to 
the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense 
whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship 
contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person 
be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building 
or repairing any church or churches, place or places of 
worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or min- 
istry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has de- 
liberately and voluntarily engaged to perform. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 53 

4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect 
In preference to another; no religious test shall be required 
as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no 
person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right 
merely on account of his religious principles. 

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his 
sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge 
the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions 
or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence 
to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the 
matter charged as libelous is true, and w^as published with 
good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac- 
quitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the 
law and the fact. 

6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the papers and things to be seized. 

7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but 
the legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, when 
the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a 
jury of six men. 

8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to 
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to 
be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, 
and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense. 

9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal of- 
fense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cogniz- 
able by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or 
na\T; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of 
war or public danger. 

10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same 
offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable 
by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when 
the proof is evident or presumption great. 

11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the 
public safety may require it. 

12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the 
civil power. 

13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 



54 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

any house without the consent of the owner; nor In time 
of war, except in a manner prescribed by law. 

14. Treason against the State shall consist only in le\'ylng 
war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them 
aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession in open court. 

15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines 
shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments 
shall not be inflicted. 

16. Private property shall not be taken for public use 
without just compensation; but land may be taken for 
public highways as heretofore, until the legislature shall 
direct compensation to be made. 

17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, 
or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases 
of fraud; nor shall any person be imprisoned for a militia 
fine in time of peace. 

18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, 
to consult for the common good, to make known their 
opinions to their representatives, and to petition for re- 
dress of grievances. 

19. No county, city, borough, town, township or village 
shall hereafter give any money or property, or loan its 
money or credit, to or in aid of any individual association 
or corporation, or become security for or be directly or 
indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds of any associa- 
tion or corporation. 

20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall 
be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or 
for the use of any society, association or corporation what- 
ever. 

21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be 
construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 



ARTICLE II. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE. 

1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this 
State one year, and of the county in which he claims his 
vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled 
to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, 
elective by the people; provided, that no person in the 
military, naval or marine service of the United States 
shall be considered a resident in this State, by being sta- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 55 

tioned i a any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place 
or Stat' on within this State; and no pauper, idiot, insane 
person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes 
him from being- a witness unless pardoned or restored by 
law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an 
elector; and provided further, that in time of war no 
elector in the actual military service of the State, or of 
the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be 
deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such 
election district; and the legislature shall have power to 
provide the manner in which, and the time and place at 
which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return 
and canvass of their votes in the election districts in 
which they respectively reside. 

2. The legislature may pass laws to deprive persons of the 
right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery. 

ARTICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. 

1. The powers of the government shall be divided into 
three distinct departments— the legislative, executive and 
judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or consti- 
tuting one of these departments, shall exercise any of the 
powers properly belonging to either of the others, except 
as herein expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IV. 

LEGISLATIVE. 
Section I. 

1. The legislative power shall be VfiSted in a senate and 
general assembly. 

2. No person shall be a member of the senate who shall 
not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been 
a citizen and inhabitant of the State for four years, and 
of the county for which he shall be chosen one year, next 
before his election; and no person shall be a member of 
the general assembly who shall not have attained the age 
of twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhab- 
itant of the State for two years, and of the county for 
which he shall be chosen one year next before his election; 
provided, that no person shall be eligible as a member of 
either house of the legislature, who shall not be entitled 
to the right of suffrage. 



56 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

3. Members of the senate and general assembly shall b€ 
elected yearly and everj' year, on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in November; and the two houses shall 
meet separately on the second Tuesday in January next 
after the said day of election, at which time of meeting 
the legislative year shall commence; but the time of hold- 
ing such election may be altered by the legislature. 

Section II. 

1. The senate shall be composed of one senator from each 
county in the State, elected by the legal voters of the 
counties, respectively, for three years. 

2. As soon as the senate shall meet after the first election 
to be held in pursuance of this constitution, they shall be 
divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats 
of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the 
expiration of the first year; of the second class at the ex- 
piration of the second year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the third year, so that one class may be 
elected every year; and if vacancies happen, by resigna- 
tion or otherwise, the persons elected to supply such 
vacancies shall be elected for the unexpired terms only. 

Section III. 

1. The general assembly shall be composed of member^ 
annually elected by the legal voters of the counties, re 
spectively, who shall be apportioned among the said coun 
ties as nearly as may be according to the number of their 
inhabitants. The present apportionment shall continue 
until the next census of the United States shall have been 
taken, and an apportionment of members of the general 
assembly shall be made by the legislature at its first ses- 
sion after the next and every subsequent enumeration or 
census, and when made shall remain unaltered until an- 
other enumeration shall have been taken; provided, that 
each county shall at all times be entitled to one member; 
and the whole number of members shall never exceed 
sixty. 

Section IV. 

1. Each house shall direct writs of election for supplying 
vacancies, occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise; 
but if vacancies occur during the recess of the legislature, 
the writs may be issued by the governor, under such regu- 
lations as may be prescribed by law. 

2. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 57 

each shall conatitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, 
in such manner, and under such penalties, as each house 
may provide. 

3. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine 
the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for dis- 
orderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
may expel a member. 

4. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same; and the yeas and nays 
of the members of either house on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. 

5. Neither house, during- the session of the legislature, 
shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more 
than three days, nor to any other place than that in which 
the two houses shall be sitting. 

6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times 
in each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill 
or joint resolution shall pass unless there be a majority of 
all the members of each body personally present and agree- 
ing thereto; and the j^eas and nays of the members voting 
on such final passage shall be entered on the journal. 

*7. Members of the senate and general assembly shall re- 
ceive annually the sum of five hundred dollars during the 
time for which they shall have been elected and while they 
shall hold their office, and no other allowance or emolu- 
ment, directly or indirectly, for any purpose whatever. 
The president of the senate and the speaker of the house 
of assembly shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an ad- 
ditional compensation, equal to one-third of their allow- 
ance as members. 

8. Members of the senate and general assembly shall, in 
all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sitting of their respective houses, and in going to and re- 
turning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in 
either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

Section V. 

1. No member of the senate or general assembly shall, 
during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or 
appointed by the governor, or by the legislature in joint 
meeting, to any civil office under the authority of this 
State which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall have been increased, during such time. 



58 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

2. If any member of the senate or general assembly shall 
be elected to represent this State in the senate or house of 
representatives of the United States, and shall accept 
thereof, or shall accept of any office or appointment un- 
der the government of the United States, his seat in the 
legislature of this State shall thereby be vacated. 

3. No justice of the supreme court, nor judge of any other 
court, sheriff, justice of the peace nor any person or per- 
sons possessed of any office of profit under the government 
of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in thf. sen- 
ate or in the general assembly; but, on being elected and 
taking his seat his office shall be considered vacant; and 
no person holding any office of profit under the government 
of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either 
house. 

Section VI. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of assembly; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but for 
appropriations made by law. 

3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or indi- 
rectly loaned in any case. 

4. The legislature shall not, in any manner, create any 
debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State which 
shall, singly or in the aggregate with any previous debts 
or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand 
dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, 
or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be au- 
thorized by a law for some single object or work, to be 
distinctly specified therein; which law shall provide the 
ways and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the interest of 
such debt or liability as it falls due, and also to pay and 
discharge the principal of such debt or liability within 
thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, 
and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and 
the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and 
no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general 
election, have been submitted to the people, and have re- 
ceived the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against it at such election; and all money to be raised 
by the authority of such law shall be applied only to the 
specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the 
debt thereby created. This section shall not be construed 
to refer to any money that has been, or may be, deposited 
with this State by the government of the United States. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 59 

Section Yll. 

1. No divorce shall be granted by the legislature. 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the legislature or 
otherwise in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bought or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling", 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

3. The legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, 
ex post facto law, or law impairing- the obligation of con- 
tracts, or depriving- a party of any remedy for enforcing 
a contract which existed when the contract was made. 

4. To avoid improper influences which may result from 
intermixing- in one and the same act such things as have 
no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace 
but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title. 
No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its 
title only; but the act revived, or the section or sections 
amended, shall be inserted at length. No general law 
shall embrace any provision of a private, special or local 
character. No act shall be passed which shall provide 
that any existing law, or any part thereof, shall be made 
or deemed a part of the act, or which shall enact that any 
existing law, or any part thereof, shall be applicable, ex- 
cept by inserting it in such act. 

5. The laws of this State shall begin in the following 
style: "Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey. " 

6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all 
money, stock and other property which may hereafter be 
appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treas- 
ury under the provision of any law heretofore passed to 
augment the said fund, shall be securely invested and re- 
main a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so 
much as it may be judged expedient to apply to an increase 
of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the sup- 
port of public free schools, for the equal benefit of all the 
people of the State; and it shall not be competent for the 
legislature to borrow, appropriate or use the said fund, 
or any part thereof, for any other purpose, under any 
pretense whatever. The legislature shall provide for the 
maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient sys- 
tem of free public schools for the instruction of all the 
children in this State between the ages of five and eigh- 
teen years. 



60 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

7. No private or special law shall be passed authorizing 
the sale of any lands belonging- in whole or in part to a 
minor or minors, or other persons who may at the time be 
under any legal disability to act for themselves. 

8. Individuals or private corporations shall not be au- 
thorized to take private property for public use, without 
just compensation first made to the owners. 

9. No private, special or local bill shall be passed unless 
public notice of the intention to apply therefor, and of the 
general object thereof, shall have been previously given. 
The legislature, at the next session after the adoption 
hereof, and from time to time thereafter, shall prescribe 
the time and mode of giving such notice, the evidence 
thereof, and how such evidence shall be preserved. 

10. The legislature may vest in the circuit courts, or 
courts of common pleas within the several counties of this 
State, chancery powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure 
of mortgages and sale of mortgaged premises. 

11. The legislature shall not pass private, local or special 
laws in any of the following enumerated cases; that is to 
say: 

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high- 
ways. 

Vacating any road, town p'ot, street, alley or public 
grounds. 

Regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties; 
appointing local offices or commissions to regulate munici- 
pal affairs. 

Selecting, drawing, summoning or empaneling grand or 
petit jurors. 

Creating, increasing or decreasing the percentage or al- 
lowance of public officers during the term for which said 
officers were elected or appointed. 

Changing the law of descent. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
any exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual the 
right to lay down railroad tracks. 

Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal cases. 

Providing for the management and support cf free public 
schools. 

The legislature shall pass general laws providing for the 
cases enumerated in this paragraph, and for all other cases 
which, in its judgment, may be provided for by general 
laws. The legislature shall pass no special act conferring 
corporate powers, but they shall pass general laws under 
which corporations may be organized and corporate powers 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 61 

of every nature obtained, subject, nevertheless, to repea\ 
or alteration at the will of the legislature. 

12. Property shall be assessed for taxes under general 
laws, and by uniform rules, according to its true value. 

Section VIII. 

1. Members of the legislature shall, before they enter on 
the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear [or affirm, as the case may be,] 
that I will support the constitution of the United States 
and the constitution of the State of New Jersey, and that 
I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator [or mem- 
ber of the general assembly, as the case may be,] accord- 
ing to the best of my ability." 

And members-elect of the senate or general assembly 
are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said 
oath or affirmation. 

2. Every officer of the legislature shall, before he enters 
upon his duties, take and subscribe the following oath or 
affirmation: "I do solemnly promise and swear [or af- 
firm] that I will faithfullj', impartially and justly perform 

all the duties of the office of , to the best of my 

ability and understanding; that I will carefully preserve 
all records, papers, writings or property intrusted to me 
for safe-keeping by virtue of my office, and make such 
disposition of the same as may be required by law." 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a governor. 

2. The governor shall be elected by the legal voters of 
this State. The person having the highest number of votes 
shall be the governor; but if two or more shall be equal 
and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen gov- 
ernor by the vote of a majority of the members of both 
houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office 
of governor shall be determined in such manner as the 
legislature shall direct by law. When a governor is to be 
elected by the people, such election shall be held at the 
time when and at the places where the people shall re- 
spectively vote for members of the legislature. 

3. The governor shall hold his office for three years, to 
commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing 
the election for governor by the people, and to end on the 



62 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

Monday preceding the third Tuesday of January, three 
years thereafter; and he shall be incapable of holding 
that office for three years next after his term of service 
shall have expired; and no appointment or nomination to 
office shall be made by the governor during the last week 
of his said term. 

4. The governor shall be not less than thirty years of 
age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citi- 
zen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven 
years next before his election, unless he shall have been 
absent during that time on the public business of the 
United States cr of this State. 

5. The governor shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation 'which shall be neither increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected. 

6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; he shall have power to con- 
vene the legislature, or the senate alone, whenever in his 
opinion public necessity requires it; he shall communicate 
by message to the legislature at the opening of each ses- 
sion, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, 
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures 
as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws 
be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal of 
the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be re- 
quired to be commissioned. 

7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall 
be presented to the governor; if he approve he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the 
house* in which it shall have originated, who shall enter 
the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to re- 
consider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of 
the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved of by a majority of the whole number of 
that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house 
shall the vote be taken on the same day on which the bill 
shall be returned to it; and in all such cases, the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and 
the names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the governor, within 
five days (Sunday excepted) after it shall have been pre- 
sented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as 
if he had signed it, unless the legislature by their adjoum- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 63 

ment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. If any bill presented to the governor contain sev- 
eral items of appropriations of money, he may object to 
one or more of such items while approving- of the other 
portions of the bill. In such case he shall append to the 
bill, at the time of signing it, a statement of the items to 
which he objects, and the appropriation so objected to 
shall not take effect. If the legislature be in session he 
shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated, 
a copy of such statement, and the items objected to shall 
be separately reconsidered. If, on reconsideration, one 
or more of such items be approved by a majority of the 
members elected to each house, the same shall be a part 
of the law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. 
All the provisions of this section in relation to bills not 
approved by the governor shall apply to cases in which 
'.le shall withhold his approval from any item or items 
contained in a bill appropriating money. 

8. No member of congress, or person holding an office 
under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the 
office of governor; and in case the governor, or person 
administering the government shall accept any office un- 
der the United States or this State, his office of governor 
shall thereupon be vacant. Nor shall he be elected by the 
legislature to any office under the government of this State 
or of the United States, during the term for which he shall 
nave been elected governor. 

9. The governor, or person administering the government, 
^hall have power to suspend the collection of fines and for- 
feitures, and to grant reprieves, to extend until the expira- 
tion of a time not exceeding ninety days after conviction; 
but this power shall not extend to cases of impeachment. 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, the chancellor, and the six judges of the court of 
errors and appeals, or a major part of them, of whom the 
governor, or person administering the government, shall 
be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, 
after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 

11. The governor and all other civil officers under this 
State shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in 
office during their continuance in office, and for two years 
thereafter. 

12. In case of the death, resignation or removal from of- 
fice of the governor, the powers, duties and emoluments 
of the office shall devolve upon the president of the sen- 
ate, and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then 
upon the speaker of the house of assembly, for the time 



64 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

being, until another governor shall be elected and quali- 
fied; but in such case another governor shall be chosen at 
the next election for members of the legislature, unless 
such death, resignation or removal shall occur within 
thirty days immediately preceding such next election, in 
which case a governor shall be chosen at the second suc- 
ceeding election for members of the legislature. When a 
vacancy happens, during the recess of the legislature, in 
any office which is to be filled by the governor and senate, 
or by the legislature in joint meeting, the governor shall 
fill such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the 
end of the next session of the legislature, unless a suc- 
cessor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy hap- 
pens in the office of clerk or surrogate of any county, the 
governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission 
shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified. No 
person who shall have been nominated to the senate by 
the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

^13. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his ab- 
sence from the State or inability to discharge the duties 
of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the 
office shall devolve upon the president of the senate; and 
in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the 
speaker of the house of assembly for the time being, until 
the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be ac- 
quitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, 
or until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor from 
any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case 
of the death of the governor-elect before he is qualified into 
office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the president of the senate or speaker of the 
house of assembly, as above provided for, until a new gov- 
ernor be elected and qualified. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

Section I. 

1. The judicial power shall be vested in a court of errors 
and appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; 
a court for the trial of impeachments; a court of chancery; 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 65 

a prerogative court; a supreme court; circuit courts, and 
such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be here- 
after ordained and established by law; which inferior 
courts the legislature may alter or abolish, as the public 
good shall require. 

Section II. 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of the 
chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six 
judges, or a major part of them; which judges are to be 
appointed for six years. 

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the 
six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that 
the ;3eat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in 
order that thereafter one judge may be annually ap- 
pointed. 

3. Such of the six judges as shall attend the court shall 
receive, respectively, a per diem compensation, to be pro- 
vided by law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

5. When an appeal from an order or decree shall be 
heard, the chancellor shall inform the court, in writing, 
of the reasons for his order or decree; but he shall not sit 
as a member, or have a voice in the hearing or final sen- 
tence. 

6. When a writ of error shall be brought, no justice who 
has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or 
against any error complained of, shall sit as a member, or 
have a voice on the hearing, or for its affirmance or re- 
versal; but the reasons for such opinion shall be assigned 
to the court in writing. 

Section III. 

1. The house of assembly shall have the sole power of 
impeaching, by a vote of a majority of all the members; 
and all impeachments shall be tried by the senate; the 
members, when sitting for that purpose, to be on oath or 
affirmation "truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question according to evidence;" and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of all the members of the senate. 

2. Any judicial officer impeached shall be suspended from 
exercising his office until his acquittal. 

3. Judgmenc m cases of impeachment shall not extend 
farther than to removal from office, and to disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit or trust under 

5 



66 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

this State: but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be 

liable to indictment, trial and punishment according to law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

Section IV. 

1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor. 

2. The chancellor shall be the ordinary or surrogate gen- 
eral, and judge of the prerogative court. 

3. All persons aggrieved by any order, sentence or decree 
of the orphans' court, may appeal from the same, or from 
any part thereof to the prerogative court; but such order, 
sentence or decree shall not be removed into the supreme 
court, or circuit court If the subject-matter thereof be 
within the jurisdiction of the orphans' court. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the register of the pre- 
rogative court, and shall perform the duties required of 
him by law In that respect. 

Section V. 

1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and 
four associate justices. The number of associate justices 
may be increased or decreased by "law, but shall never be 
less than two. 

2. The circuit courts shall be held in every county of this 
State, by one or more of the justices of the supreme court, 
or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all 
cases within the county except in those of a criminal na- 
ture, have common law jurisdiction, concurrent with the 
supreme court; and any final judgment of a circuit court 
may be docketed in the supreme court, and shall operate 
as a judgment obtained in the supreme court from the 
time of such docketing. 

3. Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought 
by writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into 
the court of errors and appeals. 

Section VI. 

1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas in each of the counties in this 
State, after the terms of the judges of said court now in 
office shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be 
appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, 
which shall be for the unexpired term only. 

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges 
of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for 
jrdges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 67 

first day of April in every successive year, except commis- 
sions to fill vacancies, which shall bear date and take ef- 
fect when issued. 

Section VII. 

1. There may be elected under this constitution two, and 
not more than five, justices of the peace in each of the 
townships of the several counties of this State, and in each 
of th& wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a 
township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or 
less, it maj- have two justices; when it contains more than 
two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thou- 
sand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more 
than four thousand inhabitants, it may have five justices; 
provided, that whenever any township not voting in wards 
contains more than seven thousand inhabitants, such town- 
ship may have an additional justice for each additional 
three thousand inhabitants above four thousand. 

2. The population of the townships in the several coun- 
ties of the State and of the several wards shall be ascer- 
tained by the last preceding census of the United States, 
until the legislature shall provide, by law, some other 
mode of ascertaining it. 

ARTICLE VII. 

APPOINTING POWER AND TENURE OF OFFICE. 

Section I. 

MILITIA OFFICERS. 

1. The legislature shall provide by law for enrolling, or- 
ganizing and arming the militia. 

2. Captains, subalterns and non-commissioned officers 
shall be elected by the members of their respective com- 
panies. 

3. Field officers of regiments, independent battalions and 
squadrons shall be elected by the commissioned officers 
of their respective regiments, battalions or squadrons. 

4. Brigadier-generals shall be elected by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

5. Major-generals, the adjutant-general and quarter- 
master-general shall be nominated by the governor, and 
appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the 
senate. 

6. The legislature shall provide, by law, the time and 
manner of electing militia officers, and of certifying their 
elections to the governor, who shall grant their commis- 



68 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

sions, and determine their rank, when not determined by 
law; and no commissioned officer shall be removed from 
office but by the sentence of a court-martial, pursuant to 
law. 

7. In case the electors of subalterns, captains or field ofR- 
cers shall refuse or neglect to make such elections, the 
governor shall have power to appoint such officers, and 
to fill all vacancies caused by such refusal or neglect. 

8. Brigade inspectors shall be chosen by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

9. The governor shall appoint all militia officers whose 
appointment is not otherwise provided for in this consti- 
tution. 

10. Major-generals, brigadier-generals and commanding 
officers of regiments, independent battalions and squad- 
rons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, bri- 
gades, regiments,, independent battalions and squadrons, 
respectively. 

Section II. 

CIVIL OFFICERS. 

1. Justices of the supreme court, chancellor, judges of 
the court of errors and appeals and judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas shall be nominated by the gover- 
nor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate. 

The justices of the supreme court and chancellor shall 
hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at 
stated times, receive for their services a compensation 
which shall not be diminished during the term of their 
appointments; and they shall hold no other office under 
the government of this State or of the United States. 

2. Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be ap- 
pointed by the senate and general assembly, in joint meet- 
ing. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unex- 
pired term only. 

3. The state treasurer and comptroller shall be appointed 
by the senate and general assembly, in joint meeting. 

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until 
their successors shall be qualified into office. 

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk 
of the supreme court, clerk of the court of chancery, sec- 
retary of state and the keeper of the state prison shall be 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 69 

nominated by the governor, and appointed by him, with 
the advice and consent of the senate. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

D. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of 
the supreme court, or a majority of them; and the chan- 
cery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

6. Clerks and surrogates of counties shall be elected by 
the people of their respective counties, at the annual elec- 
tions for members of the general assembly. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

7. Sheriffs and coroners shall be elected by the people of 
their respective counties, at the elections for members of 
the general assembly, and they shall hold their offices for 
three years, after which three years must elapse before 
they can be again capable of serving. Sheriffs shall an- 
nually renew their bonds. 

8. Justices of the peace shall be elected by ballot at the 
annual meetings of the townships in the several counties 
of the State, and of the wards in cities that may vote in 
wards, in such manner and under such regulations as may 
be hereafter provided by law. 

They shall be commissioned for the county, and their 
commissions shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of May next after their election. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
elected to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired 
term only; provided, that the commission of any justice 
of the peace shall become vacant upon his ceasing to re- 
side in the township in which he was elected. 

The first election for justices of the peace shall take place 
at the next annual town-meetings of the townships in the 
several counties of the State, and of the wards in cities 
that may vote in wards. 

9. All other officers, whose appointments are not other- 
wise provided for by law, shall be nominated by the gov- 
ernor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate; and shall hold their offices for the time pre- 
scribed by law. 

10. All civil officers elected or appointed pursuant to the 
provisions of this constitution, shall be commissioned by 
the governor. 

11. The term of office of all officers elected or appointed, 
pursuant to the provisions of this constitution, except 
when herein otherwise directed, shall commence on the 
day of the date of their respective commissions; but no 



70 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

commission for any office shall bear date prior to the ex- 
piration of the term of the incumbent of said office. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

GEI'JERAL PROVISIONS. 

1. The secretary of state shall be ex officio an auditor of 
the accounts of the treasurer, and as such, it shall be his 
duty to assist the legislature in the annual examination 
and settlement of said accounts, until otherwise provided 
by law. 

2. The seal of the State shall be kept by the governor, 
or person administering the government, and used by him 
officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of 
New Jersey. 

3. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and 
by the authority of the State of New Jersey, sealed with 
the great seal, signed by the governor, or person adminis- 
tering the government, and countersigned by the secretary' 
of state, and it shall run thus: "The State of New Jersey, 

to , greeting." All writs shall be in the name of 

the State; and all indictments shall conclude in the follow- 
ing manner, viz., "against the peace of this State, the gov- 
ernment and dignity of the same." 

4. This constitution shall take effect and go into operation 
on the second day of September, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four. 

ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Any specific amendment or amendments to the constitu- 
tion may be proposed in the senate or general assembly, 
and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the 
members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be entered on their jour- 
nals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislature then next to be chosen, and shall be pub- 
lished for three months previous to making such choice, 
in at least one newspaper of each county, if any be pub- 
lished therein; and if in the legislature next chosen as 
aforesaid, such proposed amendment oi- amendments, or 
any of them, shall be agreed to by a majority of all the 
members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty 
of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or 
amendments^ or such of them as may have been agreed 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 71 

to as aforesaid by the two legislatures, to the people, in 
such manner and at such time, at least four months after 
the adjournment of the legislature, as the legislature shall 
prescribe; and if the people at a special election to be held 
for that purpose only, shall approve and ratify such 
amendment or amendments, or any of them, by a majority 
of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legisla- 
ture voting thereon, such amendment or amendments so 
approved and ratified shall become part of the constitu- 
tion; provided, that if more than one amendment be sub- 
mitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and form 
that the people may vote for or against each amendment 
separately and distinctly; but no amendment or amend- 
ments shall be submitted to the people by the legislature 
oftener than once in five years. 

ARTICLE X. 

■SCHEDUJ^E. 

That no inconvenience may arise from the change In the 
constitution of this State, and in order to carry the same 
into complete operation, it is hereby declared and ordained, 
that— 

1. The common law and statute laws now in force, not 
repugnant to this constitution, shall remain in force until 
they expire by their own limitation, or be altered or re- 
pealed by the legislature; and all writs, actions, causes of 
action, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights of indi- 
viduals and of bodies corporate, and of the State, and all 
charters of incorporation, shall continue, and all indict- 
ments which shall have been found, or which may here- 
after be found, for any crime or offense committed before 
the adoption of this constitution, may be proceeded upon 
as if no change had taken place. The several courts of 
law and equity, except as herein otherwise provided, shall 
continue with the like powers and jurisdiction as if this 
constitution had not been adopted. 

2. All oflScers now filling any office or appointment shall 
continue in the exercise of the duties thereof, according 
to their respective commissions or appointments, unless by 
this constitution it is otherwise directed. 

3. The present governor, chancellor and ordinary or sur- 
rogate-general and treasurer shall continue in office until 
successors elected or appointed under this constitution 
shall be sworn or affirmed into office. 

4. In case of the death, resignation or disability of the 



72 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

present g-overnor, the person who may be vice-president of 
council at the time of the adoption of this constitution 
shall continue in office and administer the government un- 
til a g-overnor shall have been elected and sworn or af- 
firmed into office under this constitution. 

5. The present governor, or in case of his death or inabil- 
ity to act, the vice-president of council, together with the 
present members of the legislative council and secretary 
of state, shall constitute a board of state canvassers, in 
the manner now provided by law, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining and declaring- the result of the next ensuing elec- 
tion for governor, members of the house of representa- 
tives, and electors of president and vice-president. 

6. The returns of the votes for governor, at the said next 
ensuing- election, shall be transmitted to the secretary of 
state, the votes counted, and the election declared in the 
manner now provided by law in the case of the election of 
electors of president and vice-president. 

7. The election of clerks and surrogates, in those counties 
where the term of office of the present incumbent shall 
expire previous to the general election of eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-five, shall be held at the general election 
next ensuing the adoption of this constitution; the result 
of which election shall be ascertained in the manner now 
provided by law for the election of sheriffs. 

8. The elections for the year eighteen hundred and forty- 
four shall take place as now provided by law. 

9. It shall be the duty of the governor to fill all vacancies 
in office happening- between the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and the first session of the senate, and not otherwise 
provided for, and the commissions shall expire at the end 
of the first session of the senate, or when successors shall 
be elected or appointed and qualified. 

10. The restriction of the pay of members of the legisla- 
ture, after forty days from the commencement of the ses- 
sion, shall not be applied to the first legislature convened 
under this constitution. 

11. Clerks of counties shall be clerks of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and quarter sessions of the several 
counties, and perform the duties, and be subject to the 
regulations now required of them by law until otherwise 
ordained by the legislature. 

12. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry 
into effect the provisions of this constitution. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 73 

State of New Jersey: 

I, George Wurts, Secretary of State of the State of New 
Jersey, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy 
of the Constitution of the State of New Jersey as amended, 
as the same is taken from and compared with the original 
Constitution and amendments thereto, now remaining on 
file in my office. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
CL. S.] hand and affixed my official seal, this twenty-sixth 
day of October, A. D. eighteen hundred and ninety- 
"e^-er GEORGE WURTS. 



74 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

STATE INSTITUTIONS. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 

This edifice, a massive structure, erected at sundry 
times and added to at various periods, is located on 
West State street, near Willow street. The grounds 
have a frontage of 425 feet on State street and extend 
southerly a distance of about 700 feet to the Dela- 
ware river. The original plot, up to the year 1910, 
had a frontage of 310 feet, extended back in a parallel- 
ogram and embraced about S^/^ acres. 

The seat of Government was fixed at Trenton by an 
act of the Legislature, approved November 25th, 1790. 
James Cooper, Thomas Lowery, James Ewing, Maskell 
Ewing, George Anderson, James Mott and Moore Fur- 
man were appointed commissioners to select, purchase 
or accept so much land as was needed, and to erect 
thereon suitable buildings for the use of the Legis- 
lature. They purchased a site, containing about three 
and three-quarters acres — a frontage on Second street 
(now West State street) of 247 feet and 6 inches, and 
a depth from the front to low water line of the Dela- 
ware river of 666 feet — at a cost of £250 5s. The old 
State House was a plain, bare-looking, rough-cast 
building, and was erected at a cost of £3,992 3s. h^d. 
By an act of March 4th, 1795, a building was erected 
to serve as an ofl^ce for the Secretary of State, and 
for the preservation of the public records, at a cost of 
£620 19s. lOd. Numerous improvements and repairs 
were made, and on March 3d, 1806, an act was passed 
appointing commissioners to make certain repairs to 
the State House, to provide and hang a suitable bell, 
&c. This was done, and the bell was used for inform- 
ing the members of both houses, as well as the courts, 
of the hour of meeting. The bell was eventually dis- 
carded, and an American flag substituted, which waves 
from the building unto this day, when the Legislature 
is in session, and upon holidays and State occasions. 
In 1848, the State House was altered by the removal 
of the rough-casting, and changing the style of the 
front by placing neat porticoes over the front and 
rear entrances, and erecting two additional buildings 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 75 

adjoining- the main one, as offices for the Clerks of 
the Chancery and Supreme Courts. The rotunda was 
also erected, and the grounds fenced, graded, laid out 
and shade trees planted, all at a cost of $27,000. The 
commissioners under Tvhose direction the "work was 
completed, were Samuel R. Gummere, Samuel R. Hamil- 
ton and Stacy A, Paxson. In 1863, '64 and '65, appro- 
priations were expended in building additions for 
the State Library, Executive Chambers, &c. In 1871, 
Charles S. Olden, Thomas J. Stryker and Lewis Perrine 
were appointed commissioners to cause a suitable ad- 
dition to be built — more commodious apartments for 
I the Senate and Assembly, &c. The sum of $50,000 was 
I appropriated, and the buildings for the Legislature 
: were ready for occupancy in time for the meeting of 
the Legislature in 1872. In 1872, $120,000 was appro- 
priated for completing the building, $3,000 for fitting 
up the Executive Chamber, $4,000 for fitting up the 
Chancery and Supreme Court rooms, and $2,000 for 
fitting up the offices on the first floor of the east wing. 
In 1873, the sum of $43,000 was appropriated for the 
improvement of the front of the building, completing 
unfinished repairs and improvements, and for fitting up 
the Library, &c. On March 18th, 1875, the sum of 
$15,000 was appropriated for the purpose of putting a 
new three-story front to the building, and to fit up 
offices on the second floor for the Clerks of the Court 
of Chancery and Supreme Court, and for providing a 
suitable museum for geological specimens, and the 
battle-flags of New Jersey volunteer regiments, carried 
during the war of the Rebellion. 

On March 21st, 1885, the front portion was destroyed 
by fire, and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for 
rebuilding, and in 1886, an additional appropriation of 
$225,000' was granted. 

The new building was finished in 1889. It is of rec- 
tangular shape and of the Renaissance style of archi- 
tecture, with a frontage of one hundred and sixty feet 
on State street, a depth of sixty-seven feet, and three 
and a half stories high, with a rotunda thirty-nine 
feet across, which connects the new section of the 
Capitol with the original part. The rotunda i« sur- 
mounted by a dome one hundred and forty-five feet 
high. 



76 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

The building has about sixty feet more frontage than 
the former one, and approaches about ten feet nearer 
the street. 

The walls are constructed of solid, fire-proof, brick 
masonry, faced with a light-colored stone from In- 
diana, known as Salem Oolitic, with foundations and 
trimmings of New Jersey free stone, from the Pralls- 
ville quarries, in Hunterdon county. The portico, door- 
head and trimmings about the door are of the same 
material. The portico, with balcony, is supported by 
massive pillars of polished granite and surmounted by 
the coat of arms of the State. 

The apartments used for offices are very spacious, fitted 
throughout In the most approved modern style, and each 
department Is supplied with one or more of the fineat 
fire-proof vaults. The first and second stories are set 
aside for offices, and the entire third story Is used for 
the State Library, This front portion, including the 
dome, was designed and constructed under the plans 
and supervision of L. H. Broome, architect, of Jersey 
City. 

The old State Library apartments have been im- 
proved and extended, and are now used as offices for 
the Attorney-General, State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction and Commissioner of Banking and Insur- 
ance. 

In 1891, a new Assembly Chamber was erected. The old 
one was too small and poorly ventilated, and besides, 
there was a lack of suitable committee rooms. The Leg- 
islature of 1891 passed a Joint Resolution, which was ap- 
proved on March 20th, authorizing the Governor "to pro- 
vide a suitable chamber and committee rooms for the use 
of the General Assembly of this State," &c., and also, 
"to make such additions and alterations as will afford the 
necessary accommodations for the Supreme Court and 
Court of Errors and Appeals, or for other State offices, 
and sufficient money Is hereby appropriated for that pur- 
pose, to be paid by the Treasurer of this State on the 
warrant of the Comptroller, after approval by the Gov- 
ernor." 

The new chamber was built by James W. Lannlng, of 
Trenton, from plans prepared by James Moylan, of Jer- 
sey City, and under the superintendency of Bernard J. 
Ford of Newark. It covers the site of the former cham- 
ber, and extends beyond It to Delaware street on the 
east and to the water power on the south. It has a front- 
age on Delaware street of 120 feet and a depth of 75 feet. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 77 

The exterior finish and design of the building are similar 
to the adjoining portion of the Capitol. The foundation 
is of brown stone, from the Stockton quarries, and the 
trimmings of light Indiana stone. The Interior Is finish 
ed in Trenton tile, quartered oak and Italian statuary 
marble. It Is a fire-proof building throughout, and is 
specially ventilated. The committee rooms are ample and 
convenient, and the Interior design arrangement and fin- 
ish make It a model legislative chamber. It cost the 
State $140,500. The cost of the steam heating and ventilat- 
ing systems was about $25,000. 

The other new addition to the Capitol provides a oonsul- 
tatlon room for the Judges of the Supreme Court and the 
Court of Errors and Appeals and a private room for the 
Governor, a room for the Museum of the Geological Sur- 
vey, and other offices, and cost $34,500. 

Two Otis elevators have been placed in the building, 
which gives easy access to all the upper floors. 

In 1900 the Legislature appropriated $96,000 for additions 
and alterations to the Capitol, which included the cost of 
an electric light plant. 

A new Senate Chamber was erected in 1903, and was 
ready for occupancy in 1904, at a cost of about $182,- 
000. In 1904 about $60,000 was expended for other im- 
provements in the Capitol. The architect wars Arnold 
H. Moses, Merchantville. 

Another addition was made to the Capltoi In 1907 at 
a cost of about $100,000. It is a massive structure of a 
classical style of architecture and is finished in stucco 
to match the rest of the Capitol. It contains four 
stories above a deep basement. The construction Is 
fire-proof, consisting of solid brick walls, steel beams 
and columns and concrete floors. The exterior Is at- 
tractive with its classic lines and Indiana limestone 
trimmings. The structure was designed and all the 
plans drawn by George B. Poole, State Architect. 

In 1911 the Legislature made an appropriation of 
$60,000 for the extension of the west wing of the front 
part of the building, and in 1912 $70,000 was appro- 
priated for the extension of the east wing. 

In 1910 and subsequent years to 1915, the State pur- 
chased Delaware street, the Green property which 
fronted on West State street, properties which fronted 
on Front and Willow streets and which extended to 
the old Water Power, now Sanhican creek, all of 
which embrace about the same area as the old State 



78 THE STATE LIBRARY. 

House site, 3^4 acres, making a total of about 7 acres 
north of the creek. 

The land across Sanhican creek, that has been ac- 
quired by the State, has been filled in to the river wall, 
is computed to be about 19 or 20 acres, making the 
sum total of the State's holdings about 26 acres. The 
river park has been laid out and completed by the 
State and the city of Trenton, the area of which is 
about 40 acres. The old Revolutionary Barracks and 
the old Masonic Temple have been preserved on the 
park grounds. The State park contains about 19 
acres, is an up-to-date enterprise and presents a most 
beautiful and attractive appearance. The cost of all 
the improvements was about $400,000. 

THE! STATE LIBRARY. 

This valuable collection of books Is located on the third 
floor of the State Capitol. The old saying, "Great oaks 
from little acorns grow," most appropriately applies to 
this Institution. 

The first library of the State was a case ordered to be 
procured by Maskell Ewing, Clerk of the House of As- 
sembly, for the keeping and preservation of such books 
as belonged to the Legislature. It was ordered by a reso- 
lution passed March 18th, 1796. This was the nucleus of 
the present extensive library. On February 18th, 1804, 
William Coxe, of Burlington; Ezra Darby, of Essex, and 
John A. Scudder, of Monmouth, were appointed a Com- 
mittee on Rules to make a catalogue; they reported that 
there were 168 volumes belonging to the State, and pre- 
sented a code of seven rules, which was adopted. On 
February 10th, 1813, an act (the first one) was passed, en- 
titled "An act concerning the State Library." Up to 1822 
it appears that the Clerk of the House had charge of 
the books, as Librarian, and, on November 16th, 1822, an 
act was passed for the appointment of a State Librarian, 
annually, by joint meeting. In 1846, on April 10th, an act 
was passed making the term of office three years. The 
Law Library at that time belonged to the members of 
the Law Library Association. The only persons allowed 
the use of the Library were members of the Association, 
the Chancellor, and the judges of the several courts. 
Stacy G. Potts was Treasurer and Librarian of the Asso- 
ciation. The Law Library was kept in the Supreme Court 
room until 1837, when the Legislature authorized the 
State Librarian to fit up a room adjoining the Library 



THE STATE ARSENAL. 79 

for the care and reception of the books and papers be- 
longing to the State Library, Thus the two Libraries 
■uere consolidated. On March 13th, 1872, $5,000 per 
year for three years was appropriated for the Library 
by the Legislature, and by the act of March 15th, 1876, 
the sum of $2,500 was appropriated for finishing and 
refurnishing the Library room. In 1890, the Library 
was removed to the third story of the new part of the 
Capitol. 

In 1904 the Legislature made a special appropriation of 
$15,000 for the installation of steel stacks, and the shelf- 
space was doubled. There Is room now for more than 
125,000 books and pamphlets. About the same time the 
decimal classification system was introduced and the 
work of making a modern card catalogue begun, which 
was practically finished in 1905. 

THE STATE3 ARSENAL. 

The building now used as the State Arsenal was form- 
erly the old State Prison. It Is situate on Second street, 
in the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton, and has on its 
front the following Inscription: 

Labor, Silence, Penitence. 

The Penitentiary House, 

Erected by Legislative Authority. 

Richard Howell, Governor. 

In the XXII. Year of American 

Independence, MDCCXCVIL 

That Those Who Are Feared For Their 

Crimes May Learn to Fear the Laws 

And be Useful. 

HIc Labor, Hoc Opus. 

In the messages of Governors P. D. Vroom and S. L. 

Southard, recommending the erection of the new prison, 

It was proposed that the old one be converted Into an 

Arsenal for the safe keeping of the arms and military 

property of the State, which, previous to that time, had 

been kept In the old State Bank, corner of Warren and 

Bank streets, with accoutrements and camp and garrison 

equipage at the State House. After the removal of the 

State convicts from the old prison, permission was given 

to the county of Mercer to occupy it as a jail until Its 

Jail, then In course of completion, was finished, and when 

It was again vacated It was converted Into an arsenal. 

Among the stores, &c., at the Arsenal are one bronze 
giin, French, of the date of 1758; two bronze guns, Eng- 



80 STATE HOSPITALS. 

llsh, four-pounders, and two Iron six-pounders. There is 
also one gun captured at the battle of Trenton, December 
26th, 1776, and two guns captured at Yorktown, October 
19th, 1781. There are also a large quantity of fire-arms, 
ammunition, ordnance, tents, clothing, blankets, &c. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Trenton. 

This institution is located. on the left bank of the 
Delaware River, about two miles northwest of the 
City Hall. The buildings are constructed of reddish 
sandstone, obtained from quarries near the hospital, 
and are located on an elevation of about seventy-five 
feet above the river. The front of the Main, or Ad- 
ministration Building, is ornamented by a handsome 
porch of Ionic architecture, designed by the celebrated 
Notman, from which may be obtained one of the finest 
landscape views in the State. 

In 1844, after repeated and unsuccessful attempts 
to cause action to be taken by the Legislature for 
the building of a State institution for the special care 
and treatment of the Insane, a commission was ap- 
pointed, chiefly through the earnest efCorts of Dr. 
Lyndon A. Smith, of Essex, and Dr. Lewis Condict, 
of Morris, and the eminent philanthropise. Miss D. L. 
Dix, to select a site. An appropriation of $35,000 was 
made to purchase the land and to commence the erec- 
tion of the building. The present site was selected 
by the commissioners from among many that were 
offered In various sections of the State, because of 
the large spring of excellent water found on the place. 
This spring was developed, and furnished a dally 
supply of about one-half million of gallons of pure 
water for many years. In the severe drought of 1880 
the supply was greatly diminished, falling off nearly 
two hundred and fifty thousand gallons. In 1907 the 
city sewer, running about 200 feet from the spring, 
burst or overflowed, and this caused contamination of 
the water .supply, resulting in a typhoid epidemic, so 
that It was necessary to discontinue the use of the 
spring. At present the hospital Is supplied with 
water by six artesian wells, one of which gives 150 
gallons of water per minute. The spring has been 
filled up, and thus an Important landmark destroyed. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 81 

Work was commenced on the main building in No- 
vember of 1845, and the hospital was opened for the 
reception of patients on tne 15th day of May, 1848. 
Numerous additions have been made from time to 
time to the building, increasing Its capacity. 

In 1887 the Legislature passed an act appropriating 
$100,000 for providing additional accommodations. The 
new building is a handsome structure of red sand- 
stone, and similar to that used in the main building. 
This is five hundred feet long, three stories in height, 
and capable of accommodating three hundred patients, 
one hundred and fifty of each. The building is de- 
signed to accommodate the chronic incurable class, 
and was a great relief from the overcrowded state 
that existed in the main building prior to its comple- 
tion. The building was completed within the appro- 
priation, and opened for the reception of patients 
in the month of October, 1889. 

Much has been done for the comfort and pleasure 
of the patients. A greenhouse has been erected for 
the purpose of furnishing plants and fiowers for the 
patients' corridors, handsome pictures adorn the 
walls, and everything about the hospital presents a 
comfortable and homelike appearance. 

The institution possesses a library, one of the larg- 
est, if not the largest, in this country, connected with 
a hospital for the insane. The books are accessible 
to all members of the household. They have been 
freely used, and do much to relieve the monotony of 
many an hour of hospital life. The library now con- 
sists of about 4,000 volumes, and Is the result of the 
bequest of a former nurse (Anne Robinson) who, by 
will, bequeathed her earnings for several years as a 
nurse and attendant in this hospital. She made the 
bequest, as she herself expressed it when making her 
will, for the purpose of purchasing books to be used 
for the pleasure and benefit of those to whom she 
had, for so many years, endeavored to minister. 

During the year 1898 a handsome amusement room, 
capable of seating about four hundred, was finished; 
also, a large and commodious chapel, in which relig- 
ious exercises are held every Sunday, when various 
clergymen, without regard to denominational prefer- 
ence, officiate. The new chapel is capable of seating 
about five hundred patients. In 1904-1905 an appro- 



82 STATE HOSPITALS. 

priatlon of $250,000 was made for the erection of two 
additional wings to the annex building-, which will 
accommodate 400 more patients. In 1905 the Legisla- 
ture appropriated $12,500 for the construction of fire 
escapes. 

A few years ago a modern laboratory building was 
erected, and at the present time is fully equipped for 
scientific work. 

In 1907 the new wings, spoken of above, were opened 
for the reception of patients, so that now the hospital 
Is not overcrowded. 

In 1908 the Legislature appropriated $111,000 for 
extraordinary Improvements, which Included instal- 
lation of modern plumbing throughout the buildings, 
also tiling for toilet rooms, water sections, etc. 

Two buildings for tuberculosis patients, male and 
female, have been erected, and will accommodate 
twenty-five, each known as the "open air" ward. 

Since January 1st, 1908, there has been no mechan- 
ical restraint of any kind used in the hospital. All 
restraint apparatus, chairs, straight jackets, straps, 
etc., have been removed from the hospital building, 
and are stored away where no one can get at them. 

During the year 1909 the plumbing and tiling of the 
old building was completed, and the sanitary arrange- 
mxents for the hospital have been considered by those 
competent to judge, to be the best of any public insti- 
tution of this character. 

In both the male and female departments a hydro- 
therapeutic apparatus has been installed for giving the 
continuous bath treatment. This apparatus was made 
especially for the hospital, and has given satisfactory 
service in the treatment of acutely excited cases. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $103,000 for ex- 
traordinary improvements. Two farms in the neigh- 
borhood of Trenton Junction have been purchased, 
which will add 250 acres of farm land to the hospital. 
A new laundry has been erected and equipped with 
modern machinery, at a cost of $30,000. 

The Legislature appropriated $2,800 for research 
work, which enables the hospital to employ two 
trained field workers who go out in the community 
and look up facts regarding the patients' heredity 
and personal history, which gives valuable informa- 
tion to the medical history. They also engage in 
"after care" work, I. e„ in visiting discharged patients 



STATE HOSPITALS. 83 

at certain intervals, Investigating their condition, and 
reporting to the hospital any unusual conditions which 
have any bearing on the recurrence of mental disease. 
During the years 1910 and 1911 $5,000 has been spent 
for furniture for' the wards. The Legislature of 1912 
appropriated $165,000 for new buildings. Including 
one for the criminal insane. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Morris Plains (P. O. Greystone Park). 

Further provision for the accommodation of the In- 
sane being made necessary by the overcrowded con- 
dition of the State Hospital at Trenton, the Legislature 
of 1871 appointed a commission to select a site and 
build a hospital In the northern part of the State. 

At a cost of $78,732.36 a tract of 408 acres of land, 
beautifully situated in the hills of Morris County, 
was purchased and work on the hospital buildings 
begun. 

Additional tracts of land have since been purchased 
at a cost of $32,318.00, making a total of 897 acres, 
at a total cost of $111,050. The original building, now 
known as the "Main Building," was erected, at a cost 
of $2,511,622. The "Dormitory Building" and a new 
reservoir, made necessary by Its construction, cost, 
when completed, about $650,000; a new laundry build- 
ing, $18,200; the nurses' cottage, $20,000, and In 1907 
the annual appraisement placed the personal prop- 
erty of the hospital at $294,709, thus making the total 
cost of the entire plant approximately $3,605,581. 

The location is ideal for an Institution caring for 
the mentally afflicted, and is unsurpassed in this par- 
ticular by any similar institution in the United States. 
The buildings command a magnificent view of the 
surrounding country, and the air is cool and balmy in 
Summer and crisp and stimulating In "Winter. 

The main building, opened In 1876, Is four stories 
In height, 1,243 feet In length, 542 In depth, and has 
ten acres of floor space, it contains the executive 
offices, receptions rooms, medical library, chapel, 
amusement hall and forty wards, which, when crowded 
to their full capacity, will accommodate 1,200 patients. 

In 1901 the dormitory building was completed. It 
is situated 1.200 feet In the rear of the main building. 



84 STATE HOSPITALS. 

accommodates 600 patients, and Is constructed on the 
day room and dormitory plan. On the fourth floor 
of the building- are well-equipped pathological and 
chemical laboratories, five splendidly-lighted rooms on 
the top floor of the northeast tower being devoted to 
this work. The laboratories have been well equipped 
with many of the latest and best Instruments for the 
prosecution of scientific, clinical and research work, 
and have proved to be a highly Important adjunct to 
the purely psychiatric work of the hospital. 

A cottage for nurses was built in 1906. This is a 
three-story brick building, trimmed with sandstone, 
and Is situated in front and to the south of the main 
group of buildings. It is within easy access of the 
female wards, and affords sleeping quarters for forty 
female nurses, who formerly, after working- dally fif- 
teen hours with the Insane, were compelled to spend 
their nights in the wards, in close proximity to noisy 
and disturbed patients. In addition to furnishing ac- 
commodation for the night, the cottage has a recep- 
tion room and library, where the nurses may spend 
their time when off duty. 

In order to give the hospital a better mail service, 
the United States government, on March 23, 1908, es- 
tablished a new post office in the main building of the 
hospital, and named It Greystone Park. The mail 
matter of the institution was formerly handled at 
Morris Plains post office, which is one and one-half 
miles from the building. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $15,000 for the 
erection of a new fire house. This fire house provides 
stabling quarters for two horses and sleeping room for 
twenty male employes who are always to be members 
of the fire department. 

The same Legislature appropriated $40,000 for the 
erection of a male nurses' home. This building accom- 
modates seventy-six men nurses. 

A cold storage plant has been added to the institu- 
tion which produces five tons of ice per day and also 
provides a room for the storage of hospital food sup- 
plies. 

The Legislature of 1911 made an appropriation of 
$15,000 for a dynamo and building, and there was also 
appropriated $10,000 for a building for the segregation 
of tubercular patients. The same Legislature also ap- 



STATE HOSPITALS. 85 

proprlated $8,000 for screening the windows of the 
main building and dormitory building. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $69,000 for 
new buildings and alterations. 

A Training School for Nurses was established in 
1894 and it has proved to be of great advantage to the 
hospital In the humane care and treatment of the in- 
sane. A graded three-years' course is given to the 
nurses and consists of lectures and practical demon- 
strations given by the medical staff in anatomy, physi- 
ology, materia medica and therapeutics, chemistry and 
toxicology, obstetrics and gynecology, genito-urinary 
diseases, practice of medicine, minor surgery, practical 
bedside nursing and bandaging. The course is com- 
pulsory upon all who are employed as attendants, and 
since the establishment of the school, 226 persons have 
been granted diplomas. 

Further provision for the scientific treatment of 
patients has been made by the equipment of rooms, 
both in the male and in the female departments, with 
complete hydrotherapeutic apparatus and by the 
Installation of electrotherapeutic appliances, and a 
powerful static machine in a room in the main build- 
ing, convenient to both male and female departments. 

A room has also been set apart and fully equipped 
with Instruments and appliances for the examination 
and treatment of patients suffering from diseased 
conditions of the eye, ear, nose and throat. 

The medical library contains over 1,300 volumes of 
carefully-selected text books and reference works on 
medical and other scientific subjects, together with 
well-bound volumes of the annual reports of every hos- 
pital for the insane In the United States, Canada, South 
American States and many of the countries in Europe. 

Among the many Improvements added In recent 
years is a new system of keeping case records. The 
complete record of each patient from the time he en- 
ters the hospital until he Is discharged Is kept in a 
separate envelope, filed vertically in steel cabinets 
especially constructed for the purpose. The files are 
thoroughly cross-indexed, which permits of needful In- 
formation being rapidly and easily obtained In any 
given case. 

Additional protection from fire has been provided 
by equipping the hospital with the Kirker-Bender type 
of fire escape. 



86 NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 

Fire drills are held at regular Intervals so that the 
patients may become familiar with the location of the 
fire escapes and accustom themselves to their use so 
as to enable them In the event of fire to go through 
this means out of danger In an orderly and expeditious 
manner. 

The hospital has equipped Dental Rooms with the 
latest and most modern appliances, thus enabling the 
Resident Dentist to do scientific work for the patients 
needing dental attention. 

The Legislature -of 1912 appropriated $15,000 for a 
storehouse in which all' supplies are kept, andi $8,000 
was also appropriated for the construction of an in- 
dustrial building which is equipped with apparatus 
and supplies of the manufacture of a great variety 
of hospital utilities. 

The normal capacity of the institution is 1,600 
patients. In 1914 there were 2,500 patients under care 
and treatment, being 900 over the normal capacity 
and increasing annually by about 100. Owing to this 
condition the percentage of recoveries must of ne- 
cessity be small and the proper classification of the 
different psychoses is impossible. 

STATE NORMAL AND MODEL SCHOOLS 

at Trenton. 

These schools are located at the junction of Perry 
street and Clinton avenue. There are two buildings, 
the school building on the west side of Clinton avenue, 
and the boarding halls and dormitories, situated on the 
east side of the avenue. These schools were estab- 
lished in 1855 by an act of the Legislature. The 
purpose of the Normal School was defined to be "the 
training and education of its pupils in such branches 
of knowledge, and such methods of teaching and 
governing, as will qualify them for teachers of our 
common schools." The Model School was designed to 
be a place where "the pupils of the Normal School 
shall have opportunity to observe and practice the 
modes of instruction and discipline inculcated in the 
Normal School. 

The Normal School offers to graduates of approved 
four year high schools the following courses: a two 
year general course; a two year kindergarten course; 
a two year domestic science course; a two year com- 
mercial course; a two year manual training course; 
a four year high school teachers' course, equivalent to 
a teachers' college course; an industrial arts teachers' 
course given in conjunction with the Trenton School 
of Industrial Arts. Special courses are offered in voice 
training, piano and violin, and electives in advanced 
work in a number of other branches. 



NORMAL AND MODEL, SCHOOLS. 87 

The Model School begins with the kindergarten and 
includes a full secondary or high school curriculum. 
It offers three courses: The classical, Latin scientific 
and English. 

The buildings are equipped with laboratories, gym- 
nasium, and the modern appliances necessary to good 
work. 

The following figures show the first cost to the State 
and the present valuation of the Normal School prop- 
erty. The first cost to the State has been supplemented 
from time to time bj- the contributions of private in- 
dividuals, and by balances from the Boarding Hall 
receipts after meeting the annual expenses of the Hall. 

FIRST COST TO THE STATE. 
Original Normal and Model 

School Buildings $38,000 00 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 00 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 00 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 00 

Appropriation of 1S94 10,000 00' 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 0'& 

Appropriation of 1903 5,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 101,000 00' 

Appropriation of 1914 9,248 52 

$248,248 52 

Original Boarding Halls $30,000 00 

Sundry Annual Appropriations.. 67,075 00 
Appropriation of 1904 40,000 00 

137,075 00 



Total $385,323 52 

PRESENT VALUATION. 

Original School Buildings $51,000 00 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 OO 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 00 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 00 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 00 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 00 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 00 ' 

Appropriation of 1913 85,000 00 

Furniture and apparatus 30,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 8,248 52 

$274,248 52 



88 MONTCLAIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 

Boarding Halls $71,000 00 

North Wing, 1893 30,000 00 

Principal's residence, 1893 16,000 00 

Buildings and lot, 1899 20,400 00 

Sundry Annual Appropriations.. 67,075 00 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 00 

Furniture 50,000 00 

$294,475 00 

Grounds 115,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 16,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 1,000 00 

Appropriation of 1915 4,000 00 

Total $704,723 52 

The enrollments in 1855 v:ere as follows: Normal 
School, 43; Model School, 125. For the year ending 
June 30th, 1916, these enrollments had increased to 682 
in the Normal and 469 in the Model. During its history 
the Normal School has graduated 6,130 students. 

The Principals of the schools have been as follows: 
William F. Phelps, A.M., October 1st, 1855, to March 
loth, 1865; John S. Hart, LL.D., March 15th, 1865, to 
February 7th, 1871; Lewis M. Johnson, A.M., February 
7th, 1871, to July 1st, 1876; Washington Hasbrouck, 
Ph.D., July 1st, 1876, to February 10th, 1889; James 
M. Green, Ph.D., LL.D., February 10th, 1889, to the 
present. 

MOXTCLAIR STATE NORMAL .SCHOOL, 

Upper Montclair, New Jersey. 

The Montclair State Normal School is located in the 
extreme northern part of Montclair on a plot of more 
than twenty-five acres. By special act of the legis- 
lature, so much of this site as was originally in Pas- 
saic county was set over into Essex county. 

A more beautiful or healthful site could not have 
been selected. The grounds have an elevation of 400 
feet above sea level and command an uninterrupted 
view of a. landscape of remarkable beauty. The 
Orange range stretches away to the right, while at 
the front and left the Passaic valley, the Hudson 
and the taller buildings of New York City are plainly 
visible. 



MONTCLAIR NORMAL, SCHOOL. 89 

The main school building-, in the mission style, 
334 feet long and 133 feet deep, of brick covered with 
white stucco, is situated on the highest part of the 
grounds, facing the New York landscape. In front 
is an esplanade 260 feet long and 44 feet wide, pro- 
tected by a concrete wall from which steps descend 
to the lawn. 

About 500 feet directly in front of the main school 
building, parallel to it and connected with it by a 
broad walk of brick, is the Russ Memorial Dormitory, 
the gift of the late Edward Russ of Hoboken. 

This building, which was opened for the reception 
of students in September, 1915, is fireproof throughout 
and is designed in the Spanish Mission style, with 
white stucco exterior walls and red Spanish tile roof, 
to conform in character to the present Normal School 
building. 

The dormitory accommodates 96 students, there 
being 52 single rooms and 22 double rooms. Each 
floor is provided with ample bath and toilet room 
facilities, and at each end of the hall, conveniently lo- 
cated, are two enclosed fireproof stairs extending from 
the top floor to the ground and giving ample exits. 

The main floor is particularly well planned for the 
social requirements of a school. The living room 
at one end is 33 feet wide and 40 feet long, having 
at one end a reading room, 13 feet by 32 feet. This 
is elevated a few steps above the general level of the 
living room and is used as a reading room and as a 
stage for giving amateur plays. On one side of the 
living room is a large open fireplace, which adds 
much to the attractiveness of the room. 

At the other end of the building is the large dining 
room, accommodating 110 persons. This is finished in 
old ivory tints and has an attractive fireplace at one 
side of the room. 

The kitchen and serving rooms are up-to-date in 
every respect. They are arranged with a view to the 
best sanitary requirements and every convenience of 
a large kitchen has been installed. 

On the first floor is located the matron's suite, which 
contains a living room and bedroom. There is also 
a reception room for visitors and a hospital room. 

The basement contains store rooms, trunk rooms 
and a large and well-equipped laundry. 



90 NEWARK NORMAL SCHOOL. 

The sleeping- rooms, both single and double, are 
equipped with comfortable and attractive furniture. 
Each student has a single iron bedstead and excellent 
mattress, a chiffonier, a desk, a commode, an easy 
chair and a straight chair. Each student has a sepa- 
rate closet for clothing. 

The equipment of both school and dormitory is of 
the latest and best. The ample grounds have been 
graded and beautified by walks, drives and by the 
planting of many evergreens and shrubs. 

Four tennis courts, a large athletic field called "The 
Bowl," a school garden of two acres and an extensive 
grove of fine trees sheltering a numerous bird life, 
give opportunity for outdoor games, athletic contests, 
field gymnastics, horticulture, kitchen garden, geog- 
raphy and nature study such as few institutions can 
offer. 

The Montclair State Normal School opened for its 
first session September 15th, 1908, with an attendance 
of 187 pupils. Its present enrollment is 655. In the 
past six years, it has graduated 969 teachers. The 
principal is Dr. Charles S. Chapin, who has been at 
the head of the school since July 1st, 1908. 

THE NEW JERSEY STATE NORMAL SCHOOIi 

at Newark. 

The new State School building is cer.trally located 
between Broad street and Belleville avenue, at the 
Intersection of Fourth avenue, and occupies, including 
Its spacious grounds, an entire city block. The archi- 
tecture of the building is dignified as well as pictur- 
esque and is enhanced by the sunken garden, masses 
of bloom and hedges. The interior has been greatly 
admired for the beauty of its color scheme, its fine 
appointments and educational features. The building' 
Is equipped with an auditorium, gymnasium, labora- 
tories, manual training shops, sewing rooms, art 
rooms and spacious, well-ventilated class rooms for 
normal work. Special features are the demonstration 
rooms with raised seats, lecture rooms, conference 
rooms, a fine library, study halls and a splendidly 
equipped kitchen and dining room. The building- also 
has a modern system of heating, lighting and ventil- 
ating and excellent sanitary conditions. 



STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 91 

This new building opened its doors under State con- 
trol September 16th, 1913, with an enrollment of 450 
students and a waiting' list. It may be of interest to 
note that the school is so centrally located that only 
two students requested boarding places in the city of 
Newark. The trolley and railroad facilitie3 are such 
that they can readily come and return to their homes. 
A dozen prominent high schools are within forty 
minutes of the school. 

A large practice school is connected with the Nor- 
mal where students are trained under actual school 
conditions and the aim is to graduate an efficient 
corps of teachers for the public schools of the State. 

The Principal of the new State School is W. Spader 
Willis, who for fourteen years was Principal of the 
City Normal School at Newark. 

THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

"The New Jersey State Reform School" was estab- 
lished by act of the Legislature approved April 6th, 1865. 
A farm of 490 acres was purchased for the purpose near 
Jamesburg, Middlesex county. 

The first boy was received July 6th, 1867. Its first Sup- 
erintendent was Rev. Luther H. Sheldon, who was In 
office from April 10th, 1867, till April 1st, 1874, and was 
succeeded by James H. Eastman, who was Superinten- 
dent from April 1st, 1874, till September 15th, 1884. Upon 
his withdrawal Ira Otterson was made acting Superin- 
tendent, and on December 10th, 1884, he was elected Sup- 
erintendent. In 1902 Mr. Otterson was succeeded by John 
Wildes who, March 1, 1904, gave way to John C. Kalleen. 
In 1900 the name of The Reform School was changed to 
the State Home for Boys. 

Since founding the school, beside the Administration 
building, there have been erected on the campus eight 
family buildings (two of them double buildings), capa- 
ble of accommodating fifty boys each, a chapel, hos- 
pital, store and cook house. Industrial building, elec- 
tric light, heat and power, generating station and 
farm buildings, conservatory, up-to-date cow barn, 
piggery, all of brick, many of the buildings con- 
structed with bricks manufactured by the boys on 
the place. 

Besides domestic and farm labor, all boys are Instruct- 
ed In the rudiments of an English school education, and 



92 STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

many receive Instruction In shorthand and typewrit- 
ing and In the different mechanical branches and 
band music. 

In 1900 there was erected by boys' labor, under regular 
Instructors, a building 40 by 100 feet, two stories high. In 
which are established schools for trade teaching. In 
1910, In this building, a complete outfit of machinery 
consisting of a planer, mortlser, universal and band 
saw, and others necessary to make it complete was 
supplied. While In the past, so far as the accommoda- 
tions would permit, a number of boys have received 
instruction In mechanical trades, and with the accom- 
modations furnished In the new building, a greater 
number of boys receive a more thorough knowledge 
in lines of skilled handicraft, which will the better 
prepare them to become good citizens. 

During 1910 the cow and dairy barn have been re- 
modeled and rebuilt, and the Legislature of 1910 appro- 
priated $40,000 with which to erect a central school 
building. The Legislature of 1912 appropriated 
$40,000 for the erection of a double cottage. 

state: HOME2 FOR GIRLS. 

This Institution Is located on the line of the Trenton 
Branch of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, In 
the City of Trenton, near the Trenton State Hospital, and 
is located on a farm of about 79 acres of land. A sub- 
stantial building was erected at a cost of $23,334, and 
other improvements since made bring the value of the 
place, with furniture, &c., up to $186,622. The value 
of the land is $16,700. Previous to the erection of 
the new building, the school was at "Pine Grove," 
In the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton. This place 
had been leased so as to afford room for persons sen- 
tenced under the act of April 4th, 1871, and a subsequent 
act. The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the 
erection of an additional building. In 1900 and 1901 about 
$31,000 was spent for Improvements and the Legislature 
of 1905 appropriated $36,000 for the erection of a new 
cottage and about $9,000 for various other improve- 
ments. On February 11th, 1910, a new administration 
building, named the "Fort Cottage," was formally 
opened. It Is the counterpart of Washington's head- 
quarters at Morristown, N. J., and had served as New 
Jersey headquarters at the Jamestown, Virginia, Ex- 
position. It Is most elaborately furnished with every- 



THE STATE PRISON. 93 

thing suggestive of the colonial period. A new cot- 
tage costing $25,000 was erected in 1911 and 1912 to 
house twenty-five little girls. The Legislature of 
1912 appropriated $16,700 for the erection of an in- 
firmary and barn. 

The institution is for girls between the ages of ten 
and nineteen years who may be committed to it by 
the courts. 

THE STATE PRISON. 

The New Jersey State Prison, situated on the block en- 
closed by Federal, Third, Cass and Second streets, in the 
city of Trenton, is one of the finest Institutions of Its 
kind in the country. Its erection was authorized by an 
act of the Legislature passed February 13th, 1832, and it 
was completed in the year 1836, having 150 cells, at a cost 
of $179,657,11. It was built of red sand-stone, from the 
Ewing quarries, and the style of its architecture is Egryp- 
tian, having four Egyptian columns in front of the main 
entrance, on Third street. It consists of a main building, 
used as a residence for the Keeper and as reception 
rooms and offices. From time to time the prison has been 
enlarged, and although there is not sufficient room to 
afford separate confinement for each prisoner, as requir- 
ed by law, the provisions of the act are carried out as far 
as possible. The rules and regulations now in force have 
brought the internal affairs of the institution, as to clean- 
liness, discipline, victualing, &c., to a much higher stand- 
ard than was ever before reached, and a visit thereto will 
convince the visitor that the management is as perfect 
as can be. 

Previous to the year 1798 there was no State Prison, 
and prisoners were confined in the county jails. On 
March 1st, 1797, Jonathan Dcane was appointed by an act 
of the Legislature as an agent to purchase a lot of land 
from Peter Hunt, situate at Lamberton, containing six 
and a half acres, and to erect suitable buildings thereon. 
This was done at an expense of £9.842 Os. 3d., and what is 
now the State Arsenal, at Second and Cass streets, is 
the result. Solitary confinement was not practiced pre- 
vious to 1836, in which year the old prison was vacated 
and the present one occupied. 

On March 4th, 1847, $5,000 was appropriated to build an 
additional wing to the original building. On March 25th, 
1852, $15,000 was granted for the erection of a new wing 
for hospital purposes. On March 22d, 1860, the sum of 
$17,000 was voted for the purpose of building an additional 



94 THE STATE PRISON. 

wing for cells, and on February 16th, 1861, a further sum 
of $2,243.01 was appropriated to complete the same. On 
April 16th, 1868, $6,000 was appropriated for the building of 
an additional wing to provide room for female convicts. 
An act passed April 2d, 1869, provided for the appoint- 
ment of commissioners to extend the grounds of the 
prison to the wall of the State Arsenal, to build an ad- 
ditional wing and workshops, and made an appropriation 
of $50,000 for that purpose, and in the same month $9,734 
was appropriated for the purpose of completing the wing 
of the female department. On April 4th, 1871, the sum 
of $75,000 was appropriated for the purpose of completing 
the new or east wing, and on April 4th. 1872, a further 
sum of $28,700 was appropriated for the completion of the 
same. March 3d, 1874, $12,000 was voted for the con- 
struction of gas works for the supply of Illuminating gaa 
for the prison. On March 8th, 1877, the sum of $100,000 
was appropriated for the enlargement of the prison and 
the purchase of a burial ground for deceased convicts. 
The north wing was remodeled out of this last appro- 
priation and a burial ground purchased. The Legislature 
of 1895 appropriated $150,000 for the enlargement and im- 
provement of the prison. The Legislature of 1899 appro- 
priated $14,000 for alterations In the women's wing of the 
prison. In 1905 $250,000 was appropriated for the erection 
of a new wing, and It was finished in 1907. The addi- 
tion, which Is at the northeast corner of the Institu- 
tion, Is one of the most complete In the United States. 
There are five tiers, each having seventy cells. The 
interior is wholly of steel and concrete. The cells are 
separated from the outer walls by a passageway for 
the keepers and the entire section of each tier Is com- 
pletely enclosed In a cage of steel. Thirty-five cells 
are controlled by a combination locking device, al- 
though any one cell door or a series of doors can be 
thrown open by a lever system from the end of the 
corridor where the locking device is located. Between 
the cell sections there is a narrow utility court from 
which the ventilation Is controlled and where the sani- 
tary parts can be reached without any necessity for 
going into the cells. Each cell has a steel cot, porce- 
lain washstand and sanitary arrangement and Is light- 
ed by electricity. Special attention has been given to 
ventilation. A death house was also built on the prison 
grounds in 1907 to comply with the law regarding the 
electrocution of persons condemned to death. 



HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 95 

THE NEAV JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED 
SOLDIERS. 

This Institution Is located In Kearny, Hudson county. 
It originated In the mind of Governor Marcus L. Ward 
Just before the close of the Civil War. His petition to 
the Legislatures of 1863-64 resulted in the passage of an 
act on April 12lh, 1864, appointing himself, ex-Governors 
Daniel Haines, William A. Newell and Charles S. Olden, 
and Edwin A. Stevens and Rynear H. Veghte as com- 
missioners to examine into and report on the subject. On 
February 1, 1865, they made their report to Governor 
Parker and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for the 
desired purpose. Grounds were purchased in the city of 
Newark and in March, 1866, the same commissioners were 
appointed managers of the Home. The board appointed 
Colonel A. N. Dougherty, Commandant; Rev. Samuel T. 
Moore, Superintendent and Chaplain, and Dr. A. M. Mills, 
Surgeon, of the Home. It was opened for reception on 
July 4th, 1866. For twenty-two years the Home remained 
In Newark, when a new site was selected in Kearny. This 
comprises about sixteen acres and $225,000 was appro- 
priated for the buildings, furnishings, «S;c. On October 
4th, 1888, the old home was vacated and the new home 
occupied. The New Jersey Home Is the parent of similar 
Institutions throughout the country. In order to gain ad- 
mission to the Home the applicant must have served in 
the army, navy or marine service and been honorably 
discharged therefrom. He must have lived In the State 
for at least two years next preceding date of applica- 
tion, or have served in a New Jersey organization, 
and must be unable to earn a living for himself by man- 
ual labor. Since 1888 various additions have been 
made. 

(VEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 
SAILORS OR MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

Vlneland. 
This Home was organized In 1898, the sum of $5,000 ha- 
Ing been appropriated for the purpose. A plot of ground, 
comprising 20 acres, and a building containing about 75 
rooms and basement, situated in the town of Vlneland, 
were purchased for a Home, and in 1899 an additional 
appropriation of $21,500 was made to pay for the prop- 
erty. In the same year the sum of $20,000 was appro- 



96 SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

priated for altering:, repairing and furnishing the build- 
ings. In 1900 a special appropriation of 113.000 was made 
for new floors, porches, laundry machinery, engine and 
boiler and furniture. The Home was opened In Decem- 
ber, 1899, for the admission of inmates and the first were 
admitted January 2d. 1900. In 1901 the sum of $7,700 was 
appropriated for an elevator, alterations and appliances, 
making the cost of building and land 167,200. In 1903 nine 
acres of additional land was purchased at a cost of J2,000 
and the same year an act was passed by the Legislature 
providing for the care and maintenance of widows of vet- 
erns, and the sum of $28,000 was appropriated for the con- 
struction and furnishing of buildings necessary to carry 
out the provisions of the act. An additional sum of J2,500 
was appropriated for extra work and the building was 
completed and ready for occupancy in July, 1904. 
Since then two new wings, each eighty feet long and 
containing some 120 rooms, have been added, and a 
separate boiler house In the rear of the main build- 
ings erected. A new heating and lighting plant has 
been Installed, and other marked improvements for 
the care and comforts of the inmates completed. In 
1912 the Legislature appropriated $30,000 for a new 
hospital. 

SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

This Institution, which Is located at Trenton, Is a part 
of the public school system of the State, and Is open to 
deaf residents of the State between the ages of six and 
twenty-one years. The pupils are Instructed In the 
branches of common-school education, and are also train- 
ed In some handicraft. Speech Is taught to all who can 
acquire it, and with such success that In some classes It 
becomes the principal means of communication. 

The Industrial department Is larger and better equip- 
ped than In most schools of this kind. From the printing 
office Is Issued monthly a paper, the Silent Worker, 
which, in point of mechanical execution and of quality 
of contents, ranks as the best Issued from any Institution 
In the country. All the work on this paper Is performed 
by pupils of the school. 

The wood-working department, under the charge of a 
graduate of a technical school of high rank, has a course 
In which theory and practice are united In an unusual de- 
gree. 

A course of kindergarten work, especially adapted to 
the deaf child, has been worked out In the school, and 



HOME FOR FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 97 

has been followed by some of the best schools of the kind 
in this country. 

A building for hospital purposes, designed In accord- 
ance with the best modern practice and ample to meet 
any possible need, was opened in 1899. 

The attendance of pupils has risen from 125 in June, 
1896, until at the present time it is about 180. 

The school possesses a well chosen library, which at 
present contains about 4,000 volumes, and la rapidly 
growing. 

BOMB FOR THE CARB AND TRAINING OP FSBBLE:. 
MINDED WOMEN. 

Vineland. 

This Institution was established by virtue of the act of 
March 27th, 1888, the late S. Olin Garrison, who drafted 
the original law, being its first superintendent. On No- 
vember 7th, of the same year, he was succeeded by Mary 
J. Dunlap, M.D., and then by Dr. Madeleine A. Hallo- 
well. Upon organization of the first board of mana- 
gers, the late Hon. Alexander G. Catell, of Camden 
county, was chosen President, a place he acceptably 
filled until his death. He was succeeded by the Hon. 
Benjamin F. Lee, of Mercer county, Clerk of the Su- 
preme Court, who occupied the position until his 
death in 1909. Mrs. Emily E. H. Williamson, of 
Union county, was secretary of the board from Its 
organization until her death in 1909. The first 
treasurer was the Hon. Belmont Perry, of Gloucester 
county, he being succeeded by ex-Senator Philip P. 
Baker, of Cumberland county; the late Senator Barton 
F. Thorn, of Burlington county, and George B. Thorn, 
Esq., of Burlington county, the present incumbent. 
Harry H. Pond was elected President in 1909. 

As Its official title suggests, this institution has for Its 
object the care and training of feeble minded women. 
Its location in a peculiarly healthful and fertile portion 
of the State, the plan and scope of the buildings, as well 
as their equipment and the employment of modem ad- 
ministrative methods, make the Home a subject for fav- 
orable comparison with any similar Institution In the 
country. The property consists of about 50 acres. 

The most conspicuous building of the Home Is that de- 
voted to purposes of administration and Instruction, In- 
cluding dormitories and a gymnasium. There Is also a 



98 SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 

laundry, a power-house, ■with heating apparatus, and 
pump for raising the sewage of the home Into the Vine- 
land system. Fire escapes and a water tower give pro- 
tection to the State's wards. All the buildings are light- 
ed with gas or electricity. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $60,000 for a 
new dormitory, &c. 

TRAINING SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MINDED 
CHILDREN. 

Vineland. 

This public institution Is an outgrowth of a private one, 
which Prof. S. Olin Garrison established in Mlllvllle, Cum- 
berland county, on September 1st, 1887. It was opened at 
Vineland, on March 1st, 1888, with an enrollment of ten 
pupils. Adjacent properties were soon acquired and a 
handsome building, costing about $18,000, was erected in 
1890-91. There are fourteen cottages, besides a hospital, 
large barns, shops and manual training rooms, located 
on a farm of 260 acres. The school has a fine assem- 
bly hall, seating over 600, and also containing seven 
school rooms, drill room and a gymnasium. The De- 
partment of Research has a well equipped laboratory, 
where studies as to the cause and prevention of feeble- 
mindedness are carried on. 

The plan and scope of training and education by the 
school, require fourteen teachers in English, Kindergar- 
ten, Music, Physical Culture and Manual Trades depart- 
ments, thereby Indicating the special and comprehensive 
fields of instruction. There is also a custodial depart- 
ment for the idiotic. 

The property is woilh over $250,000, real and personal, 
with a debt of only $21,000. Besides very good prop- 
erty acquisitions at low cost, at least $150,000 have 
been donated to the school since Its organization, to 
aid in the current expenses, in improvements and new 
buildings. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

(Henry M. Weeks Hospital.) 
Sklllman, Somerset County. 
This village is located in Montgomery township, Somer- 
set county, at Sklllman Station, on the line of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The location Is 
one of the most beautiful and healthful in the State, 



STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 99 

and Is admirably adapted for the purposes of this 
kind of an institution. The managers have secured 
four adjoining farms containing in all about seven 
hundred and eighty acres. 

The four farm houses are now being used, one for 
the Administration building, one for residence of the 
Superintendent, one for patients and one for employes. 

In 1884 Dr. John W. Ward, Superintendent of the State 
Hospital at Trenton, realizing the necessity of separating 
the epileptics from the Insane, went before a legislative 
committee and strongly urged the appropriation of $50,- 
000 to erect a building upon the grounds of that institu- 
tion for the proper care of the epileptics. The late Prof. 
S. Olln Garrison, Principal of the New Jersey Training 
School for Feeble-MInded Children, at VIneland, early re- 
cognized the necessity of separate provision for the epi- 
leptics in that Institution, and was Indefatigable in hia 
efforts to establish the present village. 

For a number of years the subject was agitated, and 
In 1895, In accordance with a resolution passed by the 
Legislature, the Governor appointed a commission to In- 
vestigate the number and condition of epileptics in the 
State. The report of the commission was presented to 
the Legislature of 1896 and a bill was Introduced for the 
establishment of a colony on a plan recommended by the 
commission. The bill falling to become a law, the New 
Jersey State Medical Society, by resolution at their an- 
nual meeting In 1896, endorsed the necessity of such 
legislation. In 1897 the President, Dr. Thomas J. Smith, 
of Bridgeton, most ably presented the necessity of pro- 
viding for the epileptics, and urged that the State author- 
ities be importuned most earnestly to revive the move- 
ment Initiated the year before to establish an Industrial 
epileptic colony In our State. The Society reaffirmed Its 
position, and appointed a committee to urge the matter 
further. 

Through- the combined efforts of those Interested and 
with the zealous co-operation of Senator Stokes, of Cum- 
berland, who had charge of the legislation, an act was 
passed by the Legislature of 1898, and promptly signed by 
Acting Governor Voorhees, making the necessary provi- 
sions for the establishment of the institution. The sum 
of 515,000 was appropriated for the purchase of a site and 
to pay for the equipment and maintenance of the vil- 
lage. The "Maplewood Farm," containing about 187 
acres, was purchased for $11,500, and the village waa 



100 NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

opened for the reception of male patients November lat, 
of the same year. 

The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the erec- 
tion of two cottages for patients, and $16,000 for the pur- 
chase of two farms adjoining the property. Additional 
appropriations were made each year from 1901 to 1911, 
aggregating $900,000, for extensions and Improve- 
ments. All epileptics of either sex, over five years of 
age, and not insane or Idiotic are admitted. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $78,000 for new 
buildings. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

Rahway. 

In 1895 the Legislature passed an act, approved by 
Governor Werts on March 28 of that year, providing 
for the appointment of a commission to consist of 
six persons, who were charged with the duty of build- 
ing an Intermediate reformatory Institution for first 
male offenders. The commission was authorized to 
set apart the property known as the Edgar farm, 
located In Union and Middlesex Counties, and then 
belonging to the State Sinking Fund. 

If It were found necessary they were authorized to 
purchase adjoining property for the completion of 
the site at a cost not to exceed ten thousand dollars, 
but this authority was not used. 

The institution, when completed, was designed to 
accommodate not less than one thousand inmates, 
and the sum of one hundred thousand dollars was ap- 
propriated to begin the work. 

The site now comprises about 115 acres. That 
which Is not occupied by the buildings or enclosed 
within a stockade surrounding the same, furnishes 
occupation to the Inmates, and Is devoted to the pur- 
pose of tillage, to supply farm products and sustain 
the animals used by the institution. 

The original Commissioners were Patrick Farrelly, 
George S. Mott, David M. Chambers, William A. Ure. 
John T. Daly and Thomas M. Gopsill. 

According to the plans originally adopted the build- 
ing, when completed, was to have four wings, capable 
of accommodating 1,024 Inmates. The first wing and 
centre were completed In the year 1901, and Inmates 
were then first received. 



NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 101 

First male offenders only are admitted between the 
ages of sixteen and thirty years. 

The criminal courts of the State are empowered In 
their discretion to commit offenders to the Reforma- 
tory instead of State Prison. The original commission 
was replaced by the present Board of Commissioners, 
consisting of nine persons, including the Governor, 
and no more than four to be of the same political 
party. 

The reformatory and grounds are located about one 
and a half miles south of the City of Rahway. The 
buildings now erected comprise the guard-room build- 
ing, northeast and southeast wings, the domestic 
building and "Tie-to" building, connecting It with the 
guard-room building, the Industrial building, new 
tuberculous pavilion, independent water system with 
filtering plant, two trades' school buildings and wall, 
power house, hospital for contagious diseases, barn, 
hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold storage 
warehouse. 

The "Tie-to" building, the hospital, the pavilion, 
barn, hennfery, piggery, shelter station and cold stor- 
age warehouse were constructed entirely by the In- 
mates and without cost to the State, except for mate- 
rial. 

The construction of a sewage disposal system con- 
tracted for by the former Board of Managers, has 
been completed recently by Inmate labor. 

The Inmates are detailed to different trade classes, 
and do all the work required for betterments and 
repairs. They enjoy daily educational advantages and 
are regularly drilled In military tactics. 

STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

Glen Gardner. 

This Sanitarium, which was completed In 1907, is lo- 
cated at Glen Gardner, near High Bridge, Hunterdon 
county. The site is on the slope of a mountain nearly 
1,000 feet above the level of the sea, where the State 
has acquired about 600 acres. The slope has been cut 
away and leveled for a considerable space, and here 
the buildings were constructed. On a clear day the 
view from this point Is one of the most magnificent In 
this picturesque section of North New Jersey. It looks 



102 STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

away over a rolling country of wooded hills and culti- 
vated farm lands to the mountains on the other side of 
the valley, which run at its foot. Away in the dis- 
tance like a thin ribbon of silver is the South Branch 
river, and in whatever direction the eye turns some 
new and charming scene is encountered. The structure 
consists of a service building-, administration building 
and east and west wards. The service building is the 
source of supplies for the institution. It is 84x110 feet, 
three stories, Including basement, in which is the 
boiler room, engine room and electric light plant. A 
cold storage Is located in the basement. On the second 
floor is the main dining hall, whlctj is 84x48 feet, the 
service room, bakery, kitchen, storeroom, butcher shop 
and cold storage. The third flood is fitted up with 
rooms for the doctors, employees' rooms, ironing, dry- 
ing and linen rooms, coat rooms, sterilizing room, &c. 
All the buildings are built of field stone, stuccoed on 
the outside and finished with white plaster on the In- 
terior. The ward building is 32x150 feet and the ad- 
ministration building 52x120 feet. The buildings are 
so constructed that additions may be made from time 
to time as the necessity of the case demands. About 
175 patients can be comfortably accommodated in the 
ward buildings. The water supply Is derived from a 
large reservoir which Is kept supplied from the springs. 
The system of sewerage Is among the most sanitary 
In existence. The total cost of the Sanitarium repre- 
sents an outlay of about $300,000. 

The first impetus for caring for tha State's consump- 
tive poor was given In an address delivered In 1900 be- 
fore the State Medical Society by Dr. Halsey, then 
president. A bill was drawn by a committee of the 
society, and was passed by the Legislature In 1902, 
when a Board of Managers was appointed by Governor 
Murphy. Of this Board, Dr. Charles J. Klpp of Newark 
was elected president, and for whom the mountain on 
which the State Sanitarium was built was named. The 
Legislature appropriated $50,000 to carry the bill Into 
effect. The Sanitarium Is Intended as a model Institu- 
tion, largely educational In character, which would 
give a practical demonstration of up-to-date methods 
of treating cases of tuberculosis and point the way for 
other Institutions of a similar type, at the same time 
extending the direct benefits of Its system to as large a 
number of cases as Its necessarily limited facilities 



BORDENTOWN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. 103 

would enable It to care for. The institution handles 
about six hundred cases annually. Its purpose is 
to arrest the disease in its Incipient stage and dis- 
charge the patient In such condition that, with the 
aid of the instruction he receives while at the institu- 
tion, he may be reasonably certain of being able to ef- 
fect his own cure. This Instruction will prove valuable 
not only to himself, but to the public In general, as it 
becomes disseminated through his agency and that of 
the other patients who undergo treatment and go out 
again In the world at large. As a rule, the cases se- 
lected will be such as can be treated with reasonable 
expectancy of a cure. In 1912 the Legislature appro- 
priated $89,500 for new buildings. 

BORDENTOWN INDUSTRIAL. SCHOOL.. 

The Manual Training and Industrial School for Col- 
ored Youth located at Bordentown, N. J., is a State 
Institution maintained by appropriations from the 
State and under the supervision of the State Board of 
Education. 

The school was established to meet the educational 
needs of the colored people of New Jersey and seeks 
more and more to fit its students to go out and do 
intelligently the work to which they are called. 

The Literary Department as far as is practicable Is 
adjusted to the needs of the Industrial Training, and 
an effort Is made to throw around the student a home 
atmosphere. 

The school occupies a conspicuous site on the banks 
of the Delaware River, comprising 225 acres of good 
farm land. The physical equipment of the school 
consists of an administration building, a girls' dormi- 
tory, a boys' dormitory and infirmary, a laundry and 
carpenter shop, a printing oflEice and a group of farm 
buildings. 

Approximately one hundred students are enrolled, 
this number exhausting the facilities for accommoda- 
tion. 

Tuition Is free and a nominal charge is made for 
board, washing, medical attendance and registration. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $20,000 for a 
new dormitory. 



104 STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN. 

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN 

at Clinton. 

The Reformatory is located on a farm of 346 acres, 
one and one-half miles from Clinton. It was dedicated 
on May 26th, 1913. 

There are five buildings in use at this institution, as 
follows: 1, Fielder Cottage, old farmhouse, enlarged to 
accommodate 25 to 30 w^omen; 2, Homestead Cottage, 
accommodates 10 to 12 women; 3, Stowe Cottage for 
colored, accommodates 27 to 30 women; 4, Cottage for 
help, accommodates utility man and family; 5, Chapel 
of Good Shepherd, used as chapel and school. Nos. 1 
and 2 are old farm buildings; No. 2 used to be used 
by the utility man and family. The third old farm 
house is so in bad repair that it cannot be used either 
for inmates or officers. It is used to store farm equip- 
ment in during the winter. 

Officers: Fielder Cottage — 2, teacher, nurse; Home- 
stead Cottage — 3, superintendent, farm manager, parole 
officer and psychologist; Cottage for Help — 2, utility 
man, farm laborer; Stowe Cottage — 4, colored matron, 
colored teacher, dietitian, bookkeeper. The last two 
officers simply live in Stowe Cottage; they do no work 
there. 

Superintendent, Miss May Caughey. 



ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 105 

ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 



FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT, FROM 
MARCH 4, 1789. 

1789— George Washington, of Virginia 6 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 1 

John Jay, of New York 5 

1793— George Washington, of Virginia 7 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

1797 — John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1801— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

C. C. Pinckney, of South Carohna 7 

1805— Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1809 — James Madison, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1813— DeWitt Clinton, of New York 8 

Jarard Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania 8 

1817— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1821— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1825— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina 8 

1829— John Q. Adams, of Massachusetts 8 

Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania 8 

1833— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

Martin Van Buren, of New Y^ork 8 

1837— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

Francis Granger, of New York 8 

1841— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

John Tyler, of Virginia 8 

1845— Henry Clay, of Kentucky 7 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey 7 

1849— Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana 7 

Millard Fillmore, of New York 7 

1853— Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire 7 

William R. King, of Alabama 7 

1857— James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania 7 

John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky 7 



106 NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL. VOTE. 

1861 — Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois 4 

Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine 4 

Stephien A. Douglas, of Illinois 3 

Herchel V. Joiinson, of Georgia 3 

1865 — George B, McClellan, of New Jersey 7 

George H. Pendleton, of Ohio 7 

1869 — Horatio Seymour, of New York 7 

Francis P. Blair, of Missouri 7 

1873 — Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois 7 

Henry Wilson, of Massachusetts 7 

1877 — Samuel J. Tilden, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1881 — Winfield Scott Hancock, of Pennsylvania 9 

William H. English, of Indiana 9 

1885 — Grover Cleveland, of Nev York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1889— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Allan G. Thurman, of Ohio 9 

1893 — Grover Cleveland, of New York 10 

Adlai E. Stevenson, of Illinois 10 

1897 — William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Garret A. Hobart, of New Jersey 10 

1901— William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 10 

1905 — Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 12 

Charles W. Fairbanks, of Indiana 12 

1909— William Howard Taft, of Ohio 12 

James S. Sherman, of New York 1" 

1913 — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey 14 

Thomas R. Marshall, of Indiana 14 

1917 — Charles Evans Hughes, of New York 14 

Charles W. Fairbanks, of Indiana 14 



PRESIDENTIAL. VOTE OF NEW JERSEY FROM 1840 
TO DATE. 

1840 — Harrison, Whig, 33,351; Van Buren, Dem., 
31,034. Harrison's majority, 2,327. 

1844— Clay, Whig, 38,318; Polk, Dem., 37,495. Clay's 
majority, 823. 

1848— Taylor, Whig, 40,015; Cass, Dem., 36,901; Van 
Buren, 819. Taylor's plurality, 3,114. 

1852 — Pierce, Dem., 44,305; Scott, Whig, 38,556; Hale, 
Free Soil, 350. Pierce's plurality, 5,749. 

1856 — Buchanan, Dem., 46,943; Fremont, Rep., 28,338; 
Fillmore, Amer., 24,115. Buchanan's plurality, 18,605. 

I860 — Dem. Fusion ticket, 62,869; Lincoln, Rep., 58,- 
346. Fusion majority, 4,523. (Three Douglas electors. 
Cook, Parker and Runyon, were chosen, the highest 
vote being 62,869 for Cook, and four Lincoln electors 
were chosen, Hornblower, iBrQWn, Elmer and Ivins, the 



NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL. VOTE. 107 

highest vote being- 58,346 for Hornblower. The highest 
vote cast for a Breckinridge elector (Wurts) was 
56,237.) 

1864— McClellan, Dem., 68,024; Lincoln, Rep., 60,723. 
McClellan's majority, 7,301. 

1868 — Seymour, Dem., 83,001; Grant, Rep., 80,131. 
Seymour's majority, 2,870. 

1872 — Grant, Rep., 91,656; Greeley, Dem., 76,456. 
Grant's majority, 15,200. 

1876— Tilden, Dem., 115,962; Hayes, Rep., 103,517. 
Tilden's majority, 12,445. 

1880 — Hancock, Dem., 122,565; Garfield, Rep., 120,555. 
Hancock's majority, 2,010. 

1884— Cleveland, Dem., 127,784; Blaine, Rep., 123,433. 
Cleveland's majority, 4,351. 

1888 — Cleveland, Dem., 151,493; Harrison, Rep., 144,- 
344; Fisk, Pro., 7,904. Cleveland's plurality, 7,149. 

1892 — Cleveland, Dem., 171,066; Harrison, Rep., 156,- 
101; Bidwell, Pro., 8,134; Wing, Social-Lab., 1,337; 
Weaver, People's, 985. Cleveland's plurality, 14,965. 

1896 — McKinley, Rep., 221,367; Bryan, Dem., 133,675; 
Palmer, Nat. Dem., 6,373; Levering, Pro., 5,614; Mat- 
chett, Soc.-Lab., 3,985. McKinley's plurality, 87,692. 

1900— McKinley, Rep., 221,707; Bryan, Dem., 164,808; 
Wooley, Pro., 7,183; Debs, Soc.-Dem., 4,609; Malloney, 
Soc.-Lab., 2,074; Barker, People's, 669. McKinley's 
plurality, 56,899. 

1904 — Roosevelt, Rep., 245,164; Parker, Dem., 164,- 
566; Swallow, Pro., 6,845; Debs, Socialist, 9,587; Cor- 
rigan, Soc.-Lab., 2,680; Watson, People's Dem., 3,705. 
Roosevelt's plurality, 80,598. 

1908 — Taft, Rep., 265,298; Bryan, Dem.. 182,522; Debs, 
Soc, 10,249; Chafln, Pro., 4,930; Gillhaus, Soc.-Lab., 
1,196; Hisgen, Ind., 2,916. Taft's plurality, 82,776. 

1912 — Wilson, Dem., 178,289; Roosevelt, Prog., 145,- 
410; Taft, Rep., 88,835; Debs, Soc, 15,9ai; Chafin, Pro., 
2,871; Reimer, Soc.-Lab., 1,321. Wilson's plurality, 
32 879 

1916— Hughes, Rep., 268,982; Wilson, Dem., 211,018; 
Hanley, Pro., 3,182; Benson, Soc, 10,405; Reimer, Soc.- 
Lab., 855. Hughes' plurality, 57,964. 



NEW JERSEY'S VOTE FOR GOVERNOR 

From 1844 to Date. 

1844 — Stratton, Whig, 37,949; Thomson, Dem., 36,591; 
Parkhurst, 76. Whig plurality, 1,358. 

1847— Haines, Dem.. 34,765; Wright. Whig, 32,166; 
William Right, 87; Moses Jaques, 146; Scattering, 109. 
Democratic plurality, 2,599. 

1850 — Fort, Dem., 39,723; Runk, Whig, 34,054. Demo- 
cratic majority, 5,669. 



108 NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 

1853— Price, Dem., 38.312; Haywood, Whig, 34,530. 
Democratic majority, 3,782, 

1856— Newell. Rep., 50,903; Alexander, Dem., 48,246. 
Republican majority, 2,657. 

1859— Olden, Rep., 53,315; Wright, Dem.. 51,714. Re- 
publican majority. 1,601. 

1862 — Parker, Dem., 61,307; Ward, Rep., 46,710. 
Democratic majority, 14,597. 

1865 — Ward, Rep., 67,525; Runyon, Dem., 64,736. Re- 
publican majority, 2,789. 

1868 — Randolph, Dem., 83,619; Blair, Rep., 79,072 
Democratic majority, 4,547. 

1871— Parker, Dem., 82,362; Walsh, Rep.. 76,383 
Democratic majority, 5,979. 

1874— Bedle, Dem., 97,283; Halsey, Rep., 84,050 
Democratic majority, 13,233. 

1877— McClellan. Dem., 97,837; Newell, Rep., 85,094 
Hoxsey, Greenback, 5,069; Bingham, Tax and Pro. 
1,439. Democratic plurality, 12,746. 

1880— Ludlow, Dem., 121,666; Potts, Rep., 121,015 
Hoxsey, Greenback, 2,759; Ransom, Pro., 195. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 651. 

1883 — Abbett, Dem., 103,856; Dixon, Rep., 97,047 
Urner, Nat., 2,960i; Parsons, Pro., 4,153. Democratic 
plurality, 6,809. 

1886 — Green, Dem.. 109,939; Howey, Rep., 101,919 
Fiske, Pro., 19,808. Democratic plurality, 8,020. 

1889— Abbett. Dem., 138,245; Grubb, Rep., 123,992 
La Monte, Pro., 6,853. Democratic plurality, 14,253, 

1892— Werts, Dem., 167,257; Kean, Jr., Rep., 159,362 
Kennedy, Pro., 7,750; Keim, Soc.-Lab., 1,338; Bird 
People's, 894. Democratic plurality, 7,625. 

1895 — Griggs, Rep., 162,900; McGill, Dem., 136.000 
Wilbur, Pro., 6,661; Ellis, People's 1,901; Keim, Soc.- 
Lab., 4,147. Republican plurality. 26,900. 

1898 — Voorhees, Rep., 164,051; Crane, Dem., 158,552 
Landon, Pro., 6,893; Maguire, Soc.-Lab.. 5,458; Schray- 
shuen, People's, 491. Republican plurality, 5,499. 

1901i — Murphy, Rep., 183,814; Seymour, Dem., 166.681 
Brown, Pro., 5,365; Vail. Soc, 3,489; Wilson, Soc.-Lab. 
1,918. Republican plurality, 17,133. 

190,4— Stokes, Rep., 231,363; Black. Dem., 179.719 
Parker, Pro., 6,687; Kearns, Soc. 8,858; Herrschaft, 
Soc.-Lab., 2,526; Honnecker, People's Dem., 3,285. Re- 
publican plurality, 51,644. 

1907 — Fort, Rep., 194,313; Katzenbach, Dem.. 186,- 
300; Mason, Pro., 5,255; Kraft, Soc, 6,848; Butter- 
worth, Soc.-Lab., 1,568. Republican plurality, 8,013. 

1910 — Wil'son. Dem. 233,682; Lewis, Rep., 184,626; 
Killingbeck, Soc, 10,134; Repp, Pro., 2,818; Butter- 
worth, Soc.-Lab., 2,032. Democratic plurality, 49,056. 

1913 — Fielder, Dem., 173,148; Stokes, Rep.. 140,298; 
Colby, Prog., Roosevelt, 41,132; Reilly. Soc, 13,977; 
Mason, Pro., 3,427; Butterworth, Soc.-Lab., 2,460; 
Dwyer, Ind., 875. Democratic plurality, 32,850. 

1916 — Edge, Rep., 247,343; Wittpenn, Dem., 177,696; 
Vaughan, Pro., 5,873; KrafCt, Soc, 12,900; Butterworth, 
Soc.-Lab., 2,334. Republican plurality, 69,647. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 109 



CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 

1774-5, James Kinsey; 1774-6, John Cooper, Stephen Crane, 
John De Hart, Francis Hopkinson, William Livingston, 
Richard Smith, Richard Stockton; 1776-7, Jonathan D. Ser- 
geant; 1776-S, Abraham Clark, Jonathan Elmer; 1776-9, John 
Witherspoon; 1777-8, Elias Boudinot; 1777-9, Nathaniel Scud- 
der; 1778-9, Frederick Frelinghuysen, Elias Dayton; 1778, 
John Neilson; 1778-80, John Fell; 1779, Thomas Henderson; 
1779-81, William Ch. Houston; 1780-1, William Burnett, Wil- 
liam Paterson; 1780-3, Abraham Clark; 1780-2, John Wither- 
spoon; 1781-3, William Paterson; 1782-3, Frederick Freling- 
huysen; 1781-4, Silas Condict, Jonathan Elmer; 1783-5, John 
Beatty, Samuel Dick; 1783-4, John Stevens, Sr. ; 1784-5, 
Charles Stewart, William Ch. Houston; 1784-7, Lambert 
Cadwalader; 1785-6, John Cleaves Symmes, Josiah Horn- 
blower; 1786-7, James Schureman; 1786-8, Abraham Clark; 
1787, William Paterson; 1787-8, Jonathan Elmer; 1787-9, Jona- 
than Dayton. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

FROM 1789 TO DATE. 

I. 1789-91— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Lambert Cadwal- 
ader, Hunterdon; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem. 

IL 1791-3— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Abraham Clark, 
Essex; Jonathan Dayton, Essex; Aaron Kitchell, Morris; 
James Schureman, Middlesex. 

IIL 1793-5— John Beatty, Hunterdon; Elias Boudinot. 
Burlington; Lambert Cadwalader, Hunterdon; Jonathan 
Dayton, Essex; Abraham Clark, Essex (died 1794); Aaron 
Kitchell, Morris (to fill vacancy). 

IV. 1795-7— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; Thomas 
Henderson, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, Essex; Isaac 
Smith, Hunterdon; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

V. 1797-9— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; James H. 
Imlay, Monmouth; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

VI. 1799-1801— John Condit, Essex; Franklin Davenport, 
Gloucester; Samuel H. Imlay, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, 
Morris; James Linn, Somerset. 



110 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

VII. 1801-3— John Condit. Es?ex; Ebenezer Elmer, Cum- 
berland; William Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burliugton; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

VIII. 1803-5— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlington; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, Ber- 
gen. 

IX. 1805-7— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; John I.ambert, Hunterdon; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, 
Essex. 

X. 1807-9— William Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hun- 
terdon; Thomas Newbold, Burlington; James Sloan, Glou- 
cester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, Essex 
(until 1808); Adam Boyd, Bergen (from 1808-9). 

XI. 1809-11— Jam.es Cox, Monmouth (until 1810); William 
Helms, Sussex; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; Thomas New- 
bold, Burlington; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, 
Bergen. 

XII. 1811-13— Adam Boyd, Bergen; Lewis Condict, Mor- 
ris; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; George C. Maxwell, Hun- 
terdon; James Morgan, Middlesex; Thomas Newbold, Bur- 
lington. 

XIII. 1813-15— Lewis Condict, Morris; William Cox, Bur- 
lington; Richard Stockton, Somerset; Thomas Ward, Es- 
sex; James Schureman, Middlesex; Jacob Hufty, Cumber- 
land (until 1814); Thomas Binns, Essex (1814-15). 

XIV. 1815-17 — Ezra Baker, Gloucester; Ephraim 
Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin Bennett, Monmouth; 
Lewis Condict, Morris; Henry Southard, Somerset; 
Thomas Ward, Essex. 

XV. 1817-19 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Ben- 
jamin Bennett, Monmouth; Joseph Bloomfield, Bur- 
lington; Charles Kinsey, Essex; John Linn, Sussex; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

XVI. 1819-21— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Joseph 
Bloomfield, Burlington; John Linn, Sussex; Barnard Smith, 
Middlesex; Henry Southard, Somerset; John Condit, Essex 
(until 1820); Thomas Binns, Essex (1820-1). 

XVn. 1821-3— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, 
Gloucester; Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland, Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XVIII. 1823-5— George Cassady, Bergen; Daniel Garrison, 
Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, Glou- 
cester; Lewis Condict, Morris; Samuel Swan, Somerset. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. Ill 

XIX. 1825-7-Oeorse Cassady, Bergen; hsTrta Ooodlct. 

Morris; Daniel Garrison, Salem; Q. E. Holcombe, Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Bur- 
lington. 

XX. ias/-9— Lewis Conflict, Essex; Isaac Pierson, Essex; 
Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Burlington; 
George R Holcombe, Monmouth (until 1828); Hedge 
Thompson, Salem (until 1S2S); James Fitz Randolph, Mid- 
dlesex (1828-9); Thomas Sinnickson, Salem (1828-9). 

XXI. lS29-31--Richard M. Cooper, Gloucester, Lewis Con- 
diet, Morris; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; Isaac Pier- 
son, Essex; James Fitz Randolph, Middlesex; Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XXII. 1831-3— Lewis Condlct, Morris; Richard M. Cooper, 
Gloucester; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; James Fitz 
Randolph, Middlesex; Isaac Southard, Somerset; Silas 
Condit, Essex. 

XXIIL 1833-5— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Essex; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; 
James Parker (D.), Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), 
Somerset; William N. Shinn (D.), Burlington. 

XXIV. 1835-7— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic (re- 
signed and elected Governor); Samuel Fowler (D.), Sus- 
sex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; James Parker (D.), 
Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), Somerset; William 
N. Shinn (D.), Burlington; William Chetwood (D.), Essex 
(vacancy 1836-7). 

XXV. 1S37-9— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
JoseiTh F. Randolph (W.). Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones York (W.), Salem. 

XXVL 1839-41— William B. Cooper (D.), Gloucester; 
Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic; Joseph P. Randolph 
(W.), Monmouth; Daniel B. Ryall (D.), Monmouth; Joseph 
Kille (D.). Salem; Peter D. Vroom (D.), Somerset. 

XXVIL 1841-3— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (vV.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones Yorke (W.), Salem. 

XXVIII. 1843-5— Lucius Q. C. Elmer (D.), Cumberland; 
George Sykes (D.), Burlington; Littleton Kirkpatrick (D.), 
Middlesex; Isaac G. Farlee (D.). Hunterdon; William 
Wright (W.), Essex. 

XXI7C 1845-7— James G. Hampton (W.), Cumberland: 
Samuel G. Wright (W.) (died 1845), Monmouth; George 
Sykes (D.), (vacancy), Burlington; John Bunk (W.), Him* 



112 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

terdon; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; William Wright 
(W.), Essex. 

XXX. 1847-9— James Q. Hampton (W.), Cumber- 
land; William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van 
Dyke (W.), Middlesex; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; 
Dudley S. Gregory (W.)» Hudson. 

XXXI. 1849-51— Andrew K. Hay (W.), Camiden; 
William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke 
(W.), Middlesex; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; James 
G. King (W.), Hudson. 

XXXII. 1851-3— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; George H. Brown 
(W.>, Somerset; Isaac Wildrick (D), Warren; Rodman 
M. Price (D.), Essex. 

XXXIII. 1853-5— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; Samuel Lilly (D.), 
Hunterdon; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penn- 
ington (W.), Essex. 

XXXIV. 1855-7— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robblns (R.), Mercer; James Bishop (N. A.), 
Middlesex; George Vail (,D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penning- 
ton (R.), Essex. 

XXXV. 1857-9— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; Garnet B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; John Huyler (D.), Bergen; Jacob R. Wor- 
tendyke (D.), Hudson. 

XXXVI. 1859-61— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; Garnet B. Adrain 
(D.), Middlesex; Jetur R. Riggs (D.), Passaic; William 
Pennington (R.) (Speaker), Essex. 

XXXVII. 1861-3 — John T. Nixon <'R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N, Stratton (R.), Burlington; William G. Steele, 
(D.), Somerset; George T. Cobb (D.), Morris; Nehemlah 
Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXVIII. 1863-5 — John F. Starr (R.), Camden; 
George Middleton (D.), Monmouth; William G. Steele 
(D.), Somerset; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Nehe- 
mlah Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXIX. 1865-7— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; Will- 
lam A. Newell (R.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves 
(D.), Warren; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Ed. R. 
V. Wright (D.), Hudson. 

XL. 1867-9— William Moore iR.), Atlantic; Charles 
Halght (D.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), War- 
ren; John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), 
l^ssex. 

XLL 1869-71— William Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 113 

Halght (D,), Monmouth: John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; Orestes Cleveland (D.), Hudson. 

XLII. 1S71-3— John W. Hazleton (R.). Gloucester; Sam'l 
C. Forker (D.), Burlington; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLIII. 1S73-5— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Amos Clark, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; Marcus L. Ward (R.), Essex; Isaac 
W. Scudder (R.), Hudson. 

XLIV. 1S75-7— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.). Salem; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Frederick H. Teese (D.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XL.V. 1S77-9— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; J. 
Howard Pugh (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Thomas B. Peddle (R.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLVI. 1879-Sl— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; Heze- 
kiah B. Smith (D.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.). Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Charles H. Voorhis 
(R.), Bergen; John L. Blake (R.), Essex; Lewis A. Brigham 
(R.), Hudson. 

XLVII. 18S1-3— George M. Robesoh (R.), Camden; John 
Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; Miles Ross (D.), Middlesex; 
Henry S. Harris (D.), Warren; John Hill (R.), Morns; 
Phineas Jones (R.), Essex; Augustus A. Hardenbergh (D.), 
Hudson. 

XLVTII. 1883-5— Thomas M. Ferrell (D.), Gloucester; 
John Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Benjamin F. Hov/ey (R.), Warren; William Walter 
Phelps CR.), Bergen; William H. F. Fiedler j;D.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

XLIX. 1SS5-7— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Bu- 
chanan (R.), Mercer; Robert S. Green (D.), Union; James 
N. Pidcock CD.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), 
Bergen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo 
(D.), Hudson. 

L. 1837-9— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), Union; James N. Pid- 
cock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), Ber- 
gen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo (D.), 
Hudson. 

LI. 1889-91— Christopher A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 



114 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

Buchanan (R.), Mercer; Jacob A. Qelssenhalner (D.), 
Monmouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; Charles D. 
Beckwlth (R.). Passaic; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

LII. 1891-3 — C. A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 
Buchanan (R.), Mercer; J. A. Geissenhainer (D.), Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; C. A. Cadmus 
(D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; 'E. F. Mc- 
Donald (D.), Hudson. 

LIII. 1893-5 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; J. A. Geissenhainer 
(D.), Monmouth; Johnston Cornish (D.), Warren; C. A. 
Cadmus (D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D,), Essex; 
George B. Fielder (D.), Hudson; John T. Dunn (D.), 
Union. 

LIV. 1895-7 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

LiV. 1897-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

L.VI. 1899 — 1901 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; 
James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 
(R.), Essex; tWilliam D. Daly (D.), Hudson; Charles N. 
Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVII. 1901-3 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; JJoshua S. Salmon (D.), Mor- 
ris; James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 



•Mr. McDonald died November 5th, 1892, and he was sue- 
Deeded by George B. Fielder. 

tMr. Daly died after the first session of this Congress, 
and Allan L. McDermott was elected to fill the unexpired 
term. 

JMr. Salmon died during the first session of this Con- 
gress, and DeWitt C. Flanagan (D.), was elected to fill 
the vacancy. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 115 

(R.), Essex; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVIII. 1903-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; •William M- I^nningr (R.>, 
Mercer; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William 
Hughes (D.), Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), 
Essex; William H. Wiley (R.), Essex; Allan Benny 
(D.), Hudson; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

LIX. 1905-7 — Henry C, Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.). Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; Henry C. Allen (R.), 
Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William 
H. Wiley (R.), Essex; Marshall Van Winkle (R.), Hud- 
son; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

LX. 1907-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), Passaic; 
R. W"ayne Parker (R.), Essex; LeGage Pratt (D.), 
Essex; Eugene W. Leake (D.), Hudson; James A. 
Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXI. 1909-11 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), 
Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William H. 
Wiley (R.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXIL 1911-13 — tWilliam J. Browning, (R.), Camden; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; William E. 
Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; ••William Hughes (D.), Pas- 
saic; Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; Walter I. Mc- 
Coy (D.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 



•Mr. Lannlngf resigned after the first session of this 
Congress, and Ira W. Wood (R.), was elected to the 
vacancy. 

tMr. Browning succeeds Henry C. Loudenslager, who 
died August 12th, 1911. 

••Mr. Hughes resigned in September, 1912, and Mr. 
Archibald C. Hart (D.), Bergen, was elected to the 
vacancy. 



116 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

LXIII. 1913-15— William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
J. Thompson Baker (D.), Cape May; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Allan B. Walsh (D.), Mercer; William 
E. Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; ••♦Archibald C. Hart (D), 
Bergen; ^Robert G. Bremmer (D.), Passaic; ^Eugene F. 
Kinkead (D.), Hudson; ^Walter I. McCoy (D.), Essex; 
Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. HamlU (D.), Hudson. 

LXIV. 1915-17— William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Trenton; 
John H. Capstick (R.), Morris; Archibald C. Hart (D.), 
Bergen; Dow H. Drukker (R.), Passaic; Edward W. 
Gray (R.), Essex; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; 
Frederick R. Lehlbach (R.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXV. 1917-19 — William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 

Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; * ; 

Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Mercer; John H. Capstick 
(R.), Morris; John R, Ramsey (R.), Bergen; Dow H. 
Drukker (R.), Passaic; Edward W. Gray (R.), Essex; 
Richard W. Parker (R.), Essex; Frederick R. Lehlbach 
(R.), Essex; John J. Eagan (D.), Hudson; James A. 
Hamill (D.), Hudson. 



•♦♦Succeeded Lewis J. Martin (D.), who died May 5th, 
1913. 

^Mr. Bremmer died February 5th, 1914, and was suc- 
ceeded by Dow H. Drukker (R.). 

2Mr. Kinkead was elected Sheriff of Hudson County, 
November 3d, 1914. 

3Mr. McCoy resigned October 2d, 1914, and was suc- 
ceeded for the short term by Richard Wayne Parker 
(R.). 

*At time of going to press this district was contested 
by Thomas J. Scully and Robert Carson. 



THE JUDICIARY. 117 

THE JUDICIARY. 

(From 1704 to date.) 



CHANCELLORS. 

(Term, seven years — Salary, $13,000.) 

1710, Andrew Hunter ; 1719, William Burnet ; 1728, John 
Montgomery ; 1731, Lewis Morris ; 1732, William Cosby ; 
1732, John Anderson ; 1732, John Hamilton ; 1738, Lewis 
Morris ; 1746, John Hamilton ; 1747, John Reading ; 1747, 
Jonathan Belcher; 1757, John Reading; 1758, Francis Ber- 
nard ; 1760, Thomas Boone ; 1761, Josiah Hardy ; 1762, 
William Franklin ; 1776, William Livingston ; 1790, Wil- 
liam Paterson ; 1793, Richard Howell ; 1801, Joseph Bloom- 
field ; 1802, John Lambert; 1803, Joseph Bloomfield ; 1812, 
Aaron Ogden ; 1813, William S. Pennmgton ; 1815, Mah- 
lon Dickerson ; 1817, Isaac H. Williamson ; 1829, Garret 
D. Wall (declined); 1829, Peter D. Vroom ; 1832, Samuel 
L. Southard ; 1833, Elias P. Seely ; 1833, Peter D. Vxoom ; 
1836, Philemon Dickerson ; 1837, William Pennington ; 
1843, Daniel Haines; 1845, Oliver S. Halsted ; 1852, Ben- 
jamin Williamson ; 1860, Henry W. Green ; 1866, Abraham 
O. Zabriskie ; 1873, Theodore Runyon ; 1887. Alexander T. 
McGill; 1900, William J. Magle ; 1908, MaJilon Pitney; 
1912, Edwin Robert Walker. 



VICE-CHANCELLORS. 

(Term, seven years — Salary, $12,000.) 

1871-'75, '81, Amzi Dodd ; 1875-'95, Abraham V. Van 
Fleet; 1882-'96, John T. Bird; 1890-'96, Robert S. Green; 
1889-1907, Henry C. Pitney ; 1901, Elugene Stevenson ; 1904- 
'13, Lindley M. Garrison ; 1904-'O7, James J. Bergen ; 1896- 

1906, Martin P. Grey : 1895-1915, John R. Emery ; 1895- 
1904, Alfred Reed; 1896-1917, Frederic W. Stevens; 1906, 
Edmund' B. Learning ; 1907-'16, James E. Howell ; 1907-'12, 
Edwin R. Walker ; 1912, Vivian M. Lewis ; 1913, John 
Griffin, John H. Backes ; 1916, John E. Foster, Merritt Lane. 



CHIEF JUSTICES. 

(Term of office, seven years — Salary — $13,000.) 

1704, Roger Mompesson ; 1709, Thomas Gordon ; 1710, 
David Jamison ; 1723, William Trent ; 1724, Robert Lettlce 
Hooper; 1728, Thomas Farmer; 1738, Robert Hunter Mor- 



118 THE JUDICIARY. 

ris; 1758, William Aynsley ; 1759, Robert Hunter Morris; 
1764, Charles Read ; 1764, Piedericlc Smyth ; 1776, Richard 
Stockton (declined) ; 1776, John De Hart (declined) ; 1777, 
Robert Morris; 1779, David Brearley ; 1789, James KInsey; 
1803, Andrew Klrkpatricli ; 1824, Charles Ewing ; 1832, 
Joseph C. Hornblower ; 1846, Henry W. Green ; 1853, Peter 
D. Vroom (declined) ; 1853, Alexander Wurts (declined) ; 
1861, Edward W. Whelpley ; 1864, Mercer Beasley ; 1897, 
William J. Magie ; 1900, David A. Depue ; 1901, William 
S. Gummere, 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OP THE SUPREIMB COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years — Salary, $12,000 each.) 

1704, William Pinhorne ; 1705, William Sandf ord ; 1705, 
Andrew Bowne ; 1706, Daniel Coxe ; 1708, Thomas Revel ; 
1708, Daniel Leeds ; 1710, Peter Sonmans ; 1710, Hugh 
Huddy ; 1711, Lewis Morris ; 1711, Thomas Farmer ; 1721, 
Peter Bard; 1734, Daniel Coxe; 1735, John Hamilton; 
1739, Joseph Bonnel ; 1739, John Allen ; 1748, Samuel Ne- 
vil; 1749, Charles Read; 1754, Richard Salter; 1764, John 
Berrien ; 1772, David Ogden ; 1774, Richard Stockton ; 

1776, Samuel Tucker ; 1776, Francis Hopkinson (declined) ; 

1777, Isaac Smith ; 1777, John Cleves Symmes ; 1788, John 
Chetwood; 1797, Andrew KIrkpatrick ; 1798, Elisha Boudl- 
not ; 1804, William S. Pennington ; 1804, William Rossell ; 
1813, Mahlon Dickerson ; 1815, Samuel L. Southard; 1820, 
Gabriel H. Ford ; 1826, George K. Drake ; 1834, Thomas C, 
Ryerson; 1838, John Moore White; 1838, William L. Day- 
ton; 1838, James S. Nevius ; 1841, Daniel Elmer; 1841, 
Ira C. Whitehead ; 1845, Thomas P. Carpenter ; 1845, Joseph 
F. Randolph ; 1845, James S. Nevius ; 1848, Ellas B. D. Og- 
den ; 1852, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 1852, Stacy G. Potts; 1852, 
Daniel Haines ; 1855, Peter Vredenburgh ; 1855, Martin 
Ryerson ; 1855, Ellas B. D. Ogden ; 1858, Edward W. Whelp- 
ley ; 1859, Daniel Haines ; 1859, William S. Clawson ; 1859, 
John Vandyke; 1861, George H. Brown; 1861, L. Q. C. El- 
mer ; 1862, Peter Vredenburgh ; 1862, L. Q. C. Elmer ; 1862, 
Enias B. D. Ogden; 1865, Joseph D. Bedle ; 1866, Vancleve 
Dalrimple; 1866, George S. Woodhull ; 1866, '73, '80, '87, 
'94 and 1900, David A. Depue; 1869, '76, '83, '90, '97 and 
1904, Bennet Van Syckel ; 1869, '76, '83 and '90, Edward W. 
Scudder ; 1875, '82 and '89, Manning M. Knapp ; 1875, '82, 
'89, '96, 1903 and '06, Jonathan Dixon; 1875 to '95, 1904 
to '11, Alfred Reed; 1880, '87 and '88, Joel Parker; 1880, 
'87 and '97, William J. Magie; 1888, '95, 1902 to 1916, 
Charles G. Garrison ; 1892, George T. Werts ; 1893 and 
1900, Job H. Lippincott ; 1893 and 1895, Leon Abbett ; 1895 
and 1901, William S. Gummere; 1895 to 1901, George C. 
Ludlow; 1897 to 1903, Gilbert Collins; 1900 to '07. John 
Franklin Fort ; 1900 and '07, Abram Q. Garretson ; 1901-'08, 
Charles E. Hendrickson ; 1901 and '08, Mahlon Pitney ; 1903 



THE JUDICIARY. 119 

to '17, Francis J. Swayze ; 1906, Thomas W. Trenchard ; 
1907, Charles W. Parker ; 1907, James J. Bergen ; 1908 
to '14, Willard P. Voorhees ; 1908, James F. Minturn ; 1911, 
Samuel Kalisch ; 1914, Charles C. Black. 



COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS— JUDGES. 

(Term, six years — Salary, Per Diem.) 

1845-'50, James Speer ; 1845, Joshua Brick; 1845-'49, 
Ferdinand S. Schenck ; 1848, James J. Spencer; 1848-'50, 
Robert H. McCarter ; 1849-'50, Thomas Sinnickson, Garret 
D. Wall ; 1850-'62, Joseph L. Risley ; 1851-'66, John M. 
Cornellson ; 1851-'56, Moses Mills ; 1852-'54, Caleb H. Val- 
iutine ; 1852, Thomas Arrowsmith ; 1853-'56, John Huyler ; 
1857-'64, William N. Wood ; lS57-'63, Joshua Swain ; 1858- 
'63, Joseph L. Combs ; 1860-'73, Robert S. Kennedy ; 1863- 
'66, George F. Fort ; 1861-'81, Edmund L. B. Wales ; 1864- 
'94, John Clement ; 1864-'71, George Vail ; 1866-'74. James 
L. Ogdon ; 1868-'74, Charles S. Olden ; 1871-'82, Francis 
J. Lathrop ; 1872-'85, Caleb S. Green ; 1873-'80, Samuel 
Lilly ; 1872-'82, Amzl Dodd ; 1881-'91, Martin Cole ; 1882- 
'93, Jonathan S. Whittaker ; 1885-'96, Hendrick H. Brown; 
1883, '84, William H. Kirk; 1883-'89, William Paterson ; 
1886-'90, John McGregor : 1890-'95, Abram C. Smith ; 1891- 
1915, John W. Bogert; 1892-1903, Gotfried Kruegex ; 1893, 
'94, William Walter Phelps; 1895, '96, Clifford Stanley 
Sims ; 1894, '95, Robert S. Green ; 1895, '96, George T. 
Smith; 1895, '96, Albert R. Tallman ; 1897-1900, James 
H. Nixon ; 1897, William L. Dayton, John S. Barkalow ; 
1897-1901, Charles E. Hendrickson ; 1897-1916. William 
H. Vredenburg; 1898-1904, Frederic Adams; 19v.l-'05, 
Peter D. Voorhees ; 1902-'13, G. D. W. Vroom ; 1904-'10, 
George R. Gray ; 1904-'09, Elmer Ewing Green ; 1906-'10, 
James B. Dill ; 1910-'14, Joseph W. Congdon ; 1911, Mark 
A. Sullivan ; 1911, John J. White; 1912. '13, John J. Treacy ; 
1913, Henry S. Terhune. Ernest J. Heppenheimer ; 1914, 
Robert Williams; 1915, Frank M. Taylor; 1916, Walter 
P. Gardner. 

CIRCUIT COURT JUDGES. 

(Term, seven years: — Salary, $9,000.) 

1893-1900, Richard T. Miller, Francis Child; 1896-1903, 
Henry M. ISYvins ; 1900-'03, James H. Nixon, Francis J. 
Swayze; 1903, Frederic Adams; 1903-'07, Charles W. Par- 
ker; 1903-'ll, Allan B. Endccott ; 1904-'ll, Wilbur A. Heis- 
ley; 1906-'14, Benjamin A. Vail; 1906, Frank T. Lloyd; 
1907-'08, James F. Minturn ; 1907, William H. Speer ; 1908- 
'14, Charles C. Black; 1911-'13, Clarence L. Cole; 1911, 
Nelson Y. Dungan ; 1913, Howard Carrow ; 1914, Luther A. 
Campbell, George S. Silzer ; 1916, Willard W. Cutler. 



120 THE JUDICIARY. 

ATTORNEY-GENERALS. 
(Terra, Ave years— Salary, $7,000.) 
1704, Alexander Griffith; 1714, Thomas Gordon; 1719, Jere- 
miah Basse; 1723, James Alexander; 1728, Lawrence Smith; 
1733, Joseph Warrel; 1754, Cortland Skinner; 1776, William 
Paterson; 1783, Joseph Bloomfleld; 1792, Aaron D. Woodruff; 
1811, Andrew S. Hunter; 1817, Theodore Frellnghuysen; 1829, 
Samuel L, Southard; 1833, John Moore White; 1838, Richard 
S. Field; 1841, George P. Mollesson; 1844, Richard P. Thomp- 
son; 1845, Abraham Browning; 1850, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 
1852, Richard P. Thompson; 1857, William L. Dayton; 1861. 
F, T. Frellnghuysen; 1867, George M. Robeson; 1870, Robert 
Gilchrist; 1875, Joel Parker; 1875, Jacob Vanatta; 1877, John 
P. Stockton; 1897, Samuel H. Grey; 1902, Thomas N. McCar- 
ter; 1903, Robert H. McCarter; 1908, Edmund Wilson; 
1914, John W. Wescott. 

CLERKS IN CHANCERY. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1831, Stacy G. Potts; 1840, Samuel R. Gummere; 1851, Dan- 
iel B. Bodlne; 1856, William M. Babbitt; 1861, Barker Gum- 
mere; 1871, Henry S. Little; 1881, George S. Duryee; 1886, 
Allan L. McDermott; 1896, Lewis A. Thompson; 1901, Ed- 
ward C. Stokes; 1905, Vivian M. Lewis; 1909, Samuel 
K. Robbins; 1914, Robert H, McAdams. 

CLERKS OF SUPREME COURT. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Jonathan D. Sergeant (declined); 1776, Bowes Reed; 
1781, William C. Houston; 1788, Richard Howell; 1793, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1807, William Hyer; 1812, Garret D. Wall; 1817, 
Zacharlah Rossell; 1842, Ell Morris; 1842. James Wilson; 
1852, William M. Force; 1857. Charles P. Smith; 1872. Benja- 
min F. Lee; 1897. William Riker, Jr.; 1912, Joseph P. 
Tumulty; 1913, William C. Gebhardt. 



STATE OFFICERS. 121 

STATE OFFICERS. 

(From 1776 to date.) 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 

(Term, five years — Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Charles Pettit (resij^ned October 7th. 1778) ; 1778, 
Bowes Reed : 1794. Samuel W. Stockton ; 1795, John Beatty ; 
1805, James lAnn ; 1S20. Daniel Coleman ; 1830, James D. 
Westcott ; 1840. Charles G. McChesney ; 1851, Thomas S. 
Allison ; 1S61. Whitfield S. Johnson ; 1866, Horace N. Con- 
gar ; 1870, Henry C. Kelsey ; 1897, George Wurts ; 1902, 
Samuel D. Dickinson ; 1912, David S. Crater ; 1915, Thomas 
F. Martin. 

STATE TREASURERS. 
(Term, three years — Salary, $6,000.) 
1776. Richard Smith (resigned February 15th, 1777) ; 
1777, John Stevens, Jr. ; 1783, John Schureman (declined) ; 
1783, James Mott ; 1799. James Salter; 1803, Peter Gor- 
don; 1821. Charles Parker; 1832, William Grant; 1833, 
Charles Parker : 1836, Jacob Kline ; 1837, Isaac Southard ; 
1843, Thomas Arrowsmith ; 1845, Stacy A. Paxson ; 1847, 
Samuel S. Stryker ; 1848. Samuel Mairs ; 1851, Rescarrick 
M. Smith ; 1865, David Naar ; 1866, Howard Ivins ; 1868, 
William P. McMichael ; 1871, Josephus Sooy, Jr. ; 1875, 
Gershom Mott ; 1876. George M. Wright ; 1885, Jonathan 
H. Blackwell ; 1885, John J. Toffey ; 1891, George R. Gray ; 
1894. George B. Swain ; 1902. Frank O. Brlggs ; 1907, 
Daniel S. Voorhees ; 1913, Edward E. Grosscup ; 1916, 
William T, Read. 

STATE COMPTROLLERS. 
(Term, three years — Salary, $6,000.) 
1865. William K. McDonald ; 1871, Albert L. Runyon ; 
1877, Robert F. Stockton ; 1880, Edward J. Anderson ; 1891, 
William C. Heppenheimer ; 1894, William S. Hancock; 1902, 
J. Willard Morgan ; 1908, Harry J. West ; 1911, Edward I. 
Edwards. 

ADJUTANT-GENERALS. 
(Salary, $2,500.) 
1776, William Bott ; 1793, Anthony Walton White ; 1803, 
John Morgan ; 1804, Ebenezer Elmer ; 1804, Peter Hunt ; 
1810, James J. Wilson ; 1812. John Beatty ; 1814, James J- 
Wilson ; 1814, Charles Gordon ; 1816, Zachariah Rossell ; 
1842, Thomas Cadwallader ; 1858, Robert F. Stockton, Jr. ; 
1867, William S. Stryker; 1900, Alexander C. Ollphant ; 



122 STATE OFFICERS. 

1902, R. Heber Breintnall; 1909, Wilbur F. Sadler, Jr. 
(Died Nov. 10); 1916, Charles W. Barber, 

QUARTERMASTERS-GENERAL. 
(Salary, |2,500.) 

[The office of Quartermaster-General of New Jersey 
was established by an act of the Legislature, approved 
March 11, 1806.] 

1807-1814, Jonathan Rhea; 1814, Charles Gordon; 1814-1821, 
Ellet Tucker; 1821-1824, James J.- Wilson; 1824-1837, Garret 
D. Wall; 1837-1855, Samuel R. Hamilton; 1855-1889, Lewis 
Perrine; 1890-1905, Richard A. Donnelly; 190&— C. Edward 
Murray. ^ 

[General Lewis Perrine died in 1889 and the vacancy was 
filled by Adjutant-General Stryker until the appointment 
of General Donnelly. General Donnelly died February 
27, 1905.] 

STATE LIBRARIANS. 

(Term since 1878, five years — Salary, $3,000.) 

1822, William L. Prall; 1823 to '28, Charles Parker; 1829 to 
'33, William Boswell; 1833 to '36, Peter Forman; 1837 to '42, 
Charles C. Yard; 1843 to '45, Peter Forman; 1845 to '52, 
William D'Hart; 1852 to '53, Sylvester Vansickle; 1863 to 
'66, Charles J. Ihrie; 1866 to '69. Clarence J. Mulford; 1869 
to '71, Jeremiah Dally; 1872 to '83, James S. McDanolds; 
1884 to '99, Morris R. Hamilton; 1899 to 1914, Henry 
C. Buchanan; 1914 to , John P. Dullard. 

STATE PRISON KEEPERS. 

(Term since 1876, five years. Salary, $3,500.) 

Crooks; 1811, Henry Seller jeau; Francis La- 

baw; 1829, Ephraim Ryno; 1830, Thomas M. Perrine; 
1836, Joseph A. Yard; 1839, John Voorhees; 1841, Jacob 
B. Gaddis; 1843, Joseph A. Yard; 1845, Jacob B. Gaddis; 
1851, William B. Vanderveer; 1857, Robert P. Stoll; 
1862, T. V. D. Hoagland; 1863, Joseph B. Walker; 1866. 
Peter P. Robinson; 1868, George A. Walker; 1869, 
David D. Hennion; 1871, Robert H. Howell; 1873, 
Charles Wilson; 1876, Gershom Mott; 1881, P. H. Lav- 
erty; 1886, John H. Patterson; 1896, Samuel S. Moore; 
1902, George O. Osborne; 1912, Thomas B. Madden; 
1916, Richard P. Hughes. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



123 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Below Is a record of the length of each session, the date oi 
meeting and adjournment of, and the number of laws enacted 
by the various Legislatures since the adoption of the new Consti- 
tution In 1844: 















Joint 












Laws 


Resolu- 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. enacted 


. tlon*. 


184.5— January 14, 


April 


4, 


12 Weeks. 138 


7 


1846— • 


13, 


• • 


18, 


14 


114 


15 


1847— ' 


12, 


M'ch 


5, 


8 


109 


13 


1848— ' 


11. 




9, 


9 


136 


14 


1849— • 


9. 


•• 


2, 


8 


136 


12 


1850— ' 


8, 


•• 


8, 


9 


123 


9 


1851— • 


14, 


•« 


19, 


10 


171 


8 


1852— ' 


13, 


♦« 


30, 


11 • 


213 


9 


1853— ' 


12, 


«' 


11, 


9 


198 


12 


1854— • 


10, 


" 


17, 


10 


223 


13 


1855— • 


9, 


April 


6, 


13 • 


258 


6 


1856— ' 


8. 


M'ch 


14, 


10 ' 


180 


11 


1857— ' 


13, 




21, 


10 • 


223 


2 


185^— • 


12. 


• « 


18, 


10 


215 


8 


1859— • 


11, 


" 


23, 


11 


231 


1 


1860— • 


10, 


•• 


22, 


11 


270 


6 


1861— • 


8, 


" 


15, 


10 


181 


2 


1862— ' 


14, 


•« 


28, 


11 


194 


6 


1863— ' 


13, 


«• 


25, 


11 


279 


8 


1864— • 


12, 


April 


14, 


14 


448 


7 


1865— • 


10, 




6. 


13 


514 


6 


1866— 


9, 


• • 


6, 


13 


• 487 


6 


1867— 


18, 


• • 


12, 


12 


480 


12 


1868— 


14, 


•« 


17, 


14 


566 


11 


1869— 


12, 


«« 


2, 


12 • 


577 


6 


1870— 


11, 


M'ch 


17, 


10 


532 


6 


1871— • 


10, 


April 


6, 


13 


625 


e 


1872— ' 


9, 


•« 


4, 


13 • 


603 


10 


1873— • 


14, 


• • 


4, 


12 ' 


' 723 


1 


1874— • 


13, 


M'ch 


27, 


11 


534 


1 


1875— • 


12, 


April 


9, 


13 • 


439 





1876— 


11, 




21, 


15 


213 


6 


1877— 


9, 


M'ch 


9, 


9 


156 


6 


1878— • 


8, 


April 


5, 


13 


267 


7 


1879— 


14, 


M'ch 


14, 


9 


209 


8 


1880— 


13, 




12, 


9 


• 224 


4 


1881— 


11, 


«• 


25, 


11 


230 


10 


1882— • 


10, 


♦• 


31, 


12 ' 


190 


7 


1883— 


9, 


•* 


23, 


11 


• 208 


6 


1884— ' 


8, 


April 


18. 


15 


• 225 


9 
4 
8 
S 
11 
8 
8 

1 
8 


1885— ' 


13. 


'• 


4, 


12 


• 250 


1886—* ' 


12. 


June 


2, 


15 


• 279 


1887— t • 


11. 


April 


7, 


13 


• 182 


1888— ' 


10. 


M'ch 


30, 


12 


♦ 837 


1889— ' 


8, 


April 


20, 


15 


• 297 


1890— • 


14, 


May 


23, 


19 


811 


1891— • 


13, 


M'ch 


20, 


10 


• 286 


1892— • 


12, 




11, 





• 296 
292 


1893— • 


10, 


" 


11. 






124 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 















Joint 












Laws 


Reaola- 


Tear. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. enacted 


. tlon*. 


189i— t Jan'j 


9, 


Oct. 


2. 


20 We«ki 854 




1895—1 •• 


8, 


June 


13. 


13 


434 




1896— '• 


14. 


M'ch 


26, 


11 


219 




1897— " 


12. 


'• 


31. 


12 


206 




1898— •• 


11, 


" 


25, 


11 


' 242 




1899— " 


10. 


• • 


24. 


11 


' 219 




1900— " 


9. 


" 


23, 


11 


198 




1901— " 


8. 


•* 


22. 


11 


210 




1902— " 


14, 


•• 


27. 


11 


279 




1903— " 


13, 


April 


2. 


12 


273 




1904— 


12, 


M'ch 


25. 


11 


250 


10 


1905— " 


10, 


" 


30, 


12 


270 




1906— " 


9, 


April 


12, 


14 


831 


11 


1907—* •• 


8, 


Oct. 


12, 


40 


290 




1908— " 


14, 


April 


11, 


13 


822 


11 


190^— " 


12. 


• ♦ 


16. 


14 


272 




1910- " 


11. 


•• 


7, 


13 


808 


3 


1911— 


10. 


" 


21, 


15 


382 


8 


1912— *♦ " 


9, 


*' 


16, 


15 


420 


10 


1913— tt " 


14, 


" 


3, 


12 


367 


6 


1914— •' 


13, 


" 


9, 


13 


274 


2 


1915— tt " 


12, 


" 


20, 


15 


413 


6 


1916— " 


11, 


M'ch 


29, 


12 


289 


9 



• After a session of 14 weeks the House took a recess on April 
16th tin June 1st. The Senate continued in session, as a Court 
of Impeachment, till April 22d, when a recess was taken till June 
1st. Up to the time of taking the recess the Senate and House 
were In session together 14 weeks, and the Senate, bjr itaelf, one 
week. 

t The Senate did not organize till February 1st 

t On May 26th a recess was taken until October 2d, when the 

Legislature re-assembled, and, without transacting any business, 

adjourned sine die at 3:30 in the afternoon. 

S On March 22d, a recess was taken until June 4th, when the 

Legislature re-assembled, and, remaining In session two weeks, 

adjourned sine die on June 13th. 

• This Legislature was In continuous session 14 weeks, and on 
April 12 adjourned to June 18. Then there was another ad- 
journment, and subsequently frequent recesses were taken until 
final adjournment. 

*• This Legislature was in session until March 29th, then took a 
recess to April 10th, and on April 11th took a recess to April 16th 
and then adjourned sine die. 

tt First special session, May 6th to 26th. Laws enacted, 22. 

tt Second special session, August 5th to 12th. Laws enacted. 2. 

tt Special session, May 3d. Laws enacted, 2. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



125 



POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF NEW JER- 
SEY'S LEGISLATURES. 

(From 1845 to date.) 



1845 — Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. 
1 NatlTe American. 

1846— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. 
1847 — Senate, 12 Whlga; 7 Dems. 
1848 — Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. 
1849— Senate, 10 Whigs; 9 Dems. 
1850 — Senate, 9 Whigs; 11 Dems. 
1851— Senate, 10 Whigs; 10 Dems. 
1852— Senate. 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. 
1853 — Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. 
1854 — Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. 
1855 — Senate, 10 Dems.; 9 Whigs; 

29 Dems.; 25 Whigs; 6 Native American. 
1856 — Senate, 11 Dems.; 5 Whigs; 4 Native American. 

30 Dems.; 14 Whigs; 1 Ind. Dem.; 15 Native American. 
1857— Senate, 11 Dems.; 6 Whigs; 3 Know Nothings. 

38 Dems.; combined opposition, 22. 

1858 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1859 — Senate, Democratic. House, 

1860 — Senate, Democratic. House, i 
lean. 

1861 — Senate, Republican. House, 

1862 — Senate, Democrats and Republicans, tie; Independent, 1. 
Houset Democratic. Democratic majority on joint ballot, 3. 

1863-64 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1865 — Senate, Democratic. House, a tie. 

1866-67— Both Houses Republican. 

1868-69-70 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1871-72-73— Both Houses Republican. 

1874 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
llcans; 28 Democrats. 

1875 — Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats, 
crats: 19 Republicans. 

1876 — Both Houses Republican. 

1877 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. 

1878 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1879-80-81— Both Houses Republican. 

1882 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1883 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 35 Demo- 
crats; 25 Republicans. 

1884 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1885— Both Houses Republican. 

1886 — Both Houses Republican. 

1887— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
crats, 26 Republicans; 2 Labor Democrats. 

1888 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
llcans; 23 Democrats. 

1889 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans, 
ocrats; 28 Republicans. 

1890— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrata. 
crats; 23 Republicans. 



House, 80 Whigs; 27 Dems.; 

House, 40 Whigs; 18 Dems. 
House, 38 Whigs; 20 Dems. 
House, 39 Whigs; 19 Dems. 
House, 33 Whigs; 25 Dems. 
House, 25 Whigs; 35 Dems. 
House, 28 Whigs; 30 Dems. 
House, 45 Dems.; 15 Whigs. 
House, 39 Dems.; 21 Whigs, 
House, 40 Dems.; 20 Whigs. 
1 Native American. House, 



House, 
Hoose, 



Opposition. 
10 Dems.; 28 Reps.; 2 Amer> 

Democratic. 



House, 32 Repub- 



Hous 



41 Demo- 



House, a tie. 



House, 82 Demo- 
House, 87 Repub- 
House, 82 Dem- 
House, 87 Demo- 



126 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Republlcana. 
Republicans. 
Republicans. 



1891 — Senate, 14 Democrats 
crats; 20 Republicans. 

1892 — Senate, 16 Democrats 
crats; 18 Republicans. 

1893 — Senate, 16 Democrats 
crats; 21 Republicans 

1894 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
llcans; 20 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1895 — Senate, 16 Republicans; 5 Democrats. 
Ucans; 8 Democrats. 

1896 — Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
llcans; 16 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1897— Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
llcans; 4 Democrats. 

1898-99— Senate. 14 Republicans; 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1900— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 
llcans,; 16 Democrats; 1 vacancy. 

190i— Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 
llcans; 15 Democrats. 

1902 — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats, 
llcans; 14 Democrats. 

1903-4 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
llcans; 22 Democrats. 

1905 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
llcans; 14 Democrats. 

1906— Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 
llcans; 1 Ind. Rep.; 3 Democrats. 

1907— Senate, 15 Republicans 
crats; 29 Republicans. 

1908 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats 
llcansj 20 Democrats. 

1909 — Senate, 13 Republicans: 
llcans; 15 Democrats. 

1910— Senate, 15 Republicans; 
llcans; 19 Democrats. 

1911 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 
llcans; 42 Democrats. 

1912— Senate, 11 Republicans; 
llcans; 23 Democrats. 

1913— Senate, 12 Democrats; 9 Republicans, 
crats; 8 Republicans; one vacancy. 

1914 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans, 
crats; 23 Repuhlloans. 

1915 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats. 
Ucans: 22 Democrats. 

1916— Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats. 
Means; 20 Democrats. 

1017 — Sennte, 15 Republicans; 6 Democrats, 
licans; 16 Democrats. 



House, 40 
House, 42 
House, 89 
House, 89 
House, 64 
House, 43 
House, 56 



7 Democrats. House, 

Democrats. House, 43 

Democrats. House, 45 

House, 46 

House, 88 

House, 46 

Democrats. House, 56 

6 Democrats. House, 31 



40 



8 Democrats. 
6 Democrats. 



House, 
House, 
House, 41 



45 



9 Democrats. House, 18 

10 Democrats. House, 37 



House, 51 
House, 37 
House, 38 
House, 40 
House 44 



Demo- 
Demo- 
Demo- 
Bepab- 
Bepub- 
Bepub- 
Bepub- 
87 Be- 
Bepnb- 
Bepnb- 
Bepub- 
Bepub- 
Bepub- 
Bepub- 
Demo- 
Bepub- 
Bepub- 
Bepub- 
Bepub- 
Repub- 
Demo- 
Demo- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 127 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF COUNCIL AND 

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF ASSEMBLY. 

(From 1776 to 1844, when the new Constitution was formed.) 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

1776-81— John Stevens, Hunterdon. 
1782 —John Cox, Burlington. 
1783-84— Philemon Dickinson, Hunterdon. 
1785-88— Robert Lettis Hooper, Hunterdon. 
1789-92— Ellsha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1793-94— Thomas Henderson, Monmouth. 
1795 — Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1796-97— James Linn, Somerset. 
1798-1800— George Anderson, Burlington. 
1801-04— John Lambert, Hunterdon. 

1805 —Thomas Little, Monmouth. 

1806 —George Anderson, Burlington. 

1807 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1808 —Ebenezer Seeley, Cumberland. 

1809 —Thomas Ward, Essex. 
1810-11— Charles Clark, Essex. 

1812 —James Schureman, Middlesex. 

1813 —Charles Clark, Essex. 
1814-15— William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1816-22— Jesse Upson, Morris. 
1823-25— Peter J. Stryker, Somerset. 

1826 — Ephralm Bateman, Cumberland. 

1827 —Silas Cook, Morris. 

1828 —Charles Newbold, Burlington. 
1829-30— Edward Condict, Morris. 
1831-32— Ellas P. Seeley, 'Cumberland. 

1833 — Mahlon Dlckerson, Morris. 

1834 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

1835 —Charles Sitgreaves, Warren. 

1836 — Jeptha B. Munn, Morris. 
1837-38— Andrew Parsons, Passaic. 
1839- 40— Joseph Porter, Gloucester. 

1842 —John Cassedy, Bergen. 

1843 —William Chetwood, Essex. 

1844 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 



128 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

SPEAKERS. 

1776-78— John Hart, Hunterdon. 

Second Session 1778— Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1779 —Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1780 — Joslah Hornblower, Essex. 

1781 —John Mehelm, Hunterdon. 
1782-83— Ephralm Harris, Cumberland. 
1784 —Daniel Hendrickson, Monmouth. 
1784-86 — Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1787 — Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 

1788 —Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1789 —John Beatty, Middlesex. 

1790 —Jonathan Dayton, Essex. 

1791 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1792-94— Silas Condict, Morris. 

1795 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberiand. 

1796 —James H. Imlay, Monmouth. 

1797 —Silas Condict, Morris. 
1798-1800-WillIam Coxe, Burlington. 

1801 —Silas Dickerson, Sussex. 

1802 —William Coxe, Burlington. 

1803 —Peter Gordon, Hunterdon. 
1804-07— James Cox, Monmouth. 
1808-09— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1810-11— William Kennedy, Sussex. 

1812 —William Pearson, Burlington. 

1813 —Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 
1814-15— Samuel Pennington, Essex. 

1816 —Charles Clark, Essex. 

1817 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1818-22— David Thompson, Jr., Morris. 

1823 —Lucius Q. C. Elmer, Cumberland. 

1824 —David Johnston, Hunterdon. 
1825-26— George K. Drake, Morris. 
1827-28— William B. Ewing, Cumberland. 
1829-31— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 
1832 —John P. Jackson, Essex. 
1833-35— Daniel B. Ryall, Monmouth. 
1836 —Thomas G. Haight, Monmouth 
1837-38— Lewis Condict, Morris. 

1839 —William Stites, Essex. 
1840-41— John Emley, Burlington. 
1842 —Samuel B. Halsey, Morris. 
1843-44— Joseph Taylor, Cumberland. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 129 



SENATE OFFICERS. 



PRESIDENTS. 



1845-48 — John C. Smallwood, Gloucester. 
1849-50 — Ephralm Marsh, Morris. 

1851 — Silas D. Canfleld. Passaic. 

1852 — John Manners, Hunterdon. 
1853-56 — W. C. Alexander, Mercer. 
1857-58— Henry V. Speer, Middlesex. 

1859 — Thomas R. Herring, Bergen. 

1860 — C. L. 0. Glfford. Essex. 

1861 — Edmund Perry, Hunterdon. 

1862 — Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1863 — Anthony Reckless, Monmouth. 

1864 — Amos Robblns. Middlesex. 

1865 — Edward W. Scudder, Mercer. 
18G8 — James M. Scovel, Camden. 
1867 — Benjamin Buckley, Passaic. 
1868-69— Henry S. Little, Monmouth. 
1870 — Amos Robblns, Middlesex. 
1871-72— Edward Bettle, Camden. 
1873-75— John W. Taylor, Essex. 

1876 — W. J. Sewell, Camden. 

1877 — Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1878 — G. C. Ludlow, Middlesex. 
1879-80 — W. J. Sewell, Camden. 
1881-82— G. A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1883 —J. J. Gardner, Atlantic. 

1884 — B. A. Vail, Union. 

1885 —A. V. Schenck, Middlesex. 

1886 —John W. Griggs, Passaic. 

1887 — Frederick S. Fish, Essex. 

1888 — George H. Large, Hunterdon. 

1889 — George T. Werts, Morris. 

1890 — H. M. Nerlus, Monmouth. 
1891-98 — Robert Adraln, Middlesex. 

1894 — Maurice A. Rogers, Camden. 

1895 — Edward C. Stokes, Cumberland. 

1896 — Lewis A. Thompson, Somerset; Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1897 — Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1898 —Foster M. Voorhees, Union; William H. Skerm (pro 

tem.), Mercer. 

1899 — Charles A. Reed, Somerset. 

1900 — William M. Johnson, Bergen. 

1901 — Mahlon Pitney, Morris. 

1902 — C. Asa Francis, Monmouth. 

1903 —Elijah C. Hutchinson, Mercer. 

1904 — Edmund W. Wakelee, Bergen. 

J905 — "Joseph Cross, Union; 'Wm. J. Bradley, Camden. 

1906 — William J. Bradley, Camden. 

1907 — Bloomfleld H. Mlnch, Cumberland. 

1908 — Thomas J. Hlllery, Morris. 



• Joseph Cross resigned on March 30, and he was succeeded by 
William J. Bradley. 



130 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1909 — fSamuel K. Robbing, Burlington; Joseph 8. Frellngboy- 

sen, Somerset. 

1910 — Joseph S. Frellnghuysen, Somerset. 

1911 — Ernest R. Ackerman, Union. 

1912 —John Dyneley Prince. Passaic. 

1913 — •James F. Fielder, Hudson; James A. C. Johnson, Ber- 

gen (pro tern.). 

1914 — John W. Slocum, Monmouth. 

1915 —Walter E. Edge, Atlantic. 

1916 — William T. Read, Camden; George W. F. Gaunt, Glouces- 

ter (pro tem.). 

SECRETARIES. 

1845-47— Daniel Dodd, Jr., Essex. 
1848-50— Philip J. Gray, Camden. 
1851 — John Rogers, Burlington. 
1852-53— Samuel A. Allen. Salem. 
18.54 — A. R. Throckmorton, Hudson. 
185.5-56 — A. R. Throckmorton, Monmouth. 
1857-58 — A. B. Chamberlain, Hunterdon. 
1859-60— John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1861 — Joseph J. Sleeper, Burlington. 
1862-63 — Morris R. Hamilton, Camden. 
1864-65— John H. Meeker, Essex. 
1866-67 — Enoch R. Borden. Mercer. 
1868-69 — Joseph B. Cornish, Warren. 
1870 — John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1871-74 — John F. Babcock, Middlesex. 
1875-78 — N, W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1877-78 — C. M. Jemlson, Somerset. 
1879 — N. W. Voorhees. Hunterdon. 
1880-82— George Wurts, Passaic. 
1883-8.5— W. A. Stiles, Sussex. 
1886-88 — Richard B. Reading, Hunterdon. 

1889 — John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1890 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1891-92 — ^Jolin Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1893 — Samuel C. Thompson, Warren. 

1894 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1895-97— Henry B. Rolllnson, Union. 
1898 —George A. Frey, Camden. 

1899-1900 — Augustus S. Barber. Jr., Gloucester. 
1901-02-03-04— Walter E. Edge. Atlantic. 
1905-10 — Howard L. Tyler, Cumberland. 

1911 — William C. Murphey, Camden. 

1912 — Francis B. Davis, Gloucester. 
1913-14— William Tv. Dili: P.Tssaic. 
1915-16 — Francis B. Davis, Gloucester. 

t Samuel K. Robblns resigned on April 16 and was sacceeded 

by Joseph S. Frellnghuysen. 

♦ Became Acting Governor, March 1. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 131 

ASSEMBLY OFFICERS. 



SPEAKERS. 



1845 — Isaac Van Wagenen, Essex. 

lS4t> — Ltwls Howell, Cumberland. 
1847-48 — John W. C. Evans, Burlington. 

1849 — Edw. W. Whelpley, Morris. 

1850 — Jolin T. Nixon, Cumberland. 

1851 — John H. Phillips, Mercer. 

1852 —John Iluyler, Bergen. 

1853-54 — John W. Fennimore, Burlington. 

1855 —William Parry, Burlington. 

185(3 — Thomas W. Demarest, Bergen. 

1857 — Andrew Dutcher, Mercer. 

1858 — Daulel Holsman, Bergen. 

1859 — Edwin Salter, Ocean. 

1860 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1861 — F. H. Teese, Essex. 

1862 — Charles Elalgbt, Monmouth. 

1863 — James T. Crowell, Middlesex. 

1864 —Joseph N. Taylor, Passaic. 

1865 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1866 —John Hill, Morris. 

1867 — G. W. N. Curtis, Camden. 

1868 — Aug. O. Evans, Hudson. 
1869-70 — Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1871 — Albert P. Condit, Essex. 

1872 — Nathaniel Nlles, Morris. 

1873 — Isaac L. Fisher, Middlesex. 

1874 — Garret A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1875 — George 0. Vanderbilt, Mercer. 

1876 — John D. Carscallen, Hudson. 

1877 — Rudolph F. Rabe, Hudson. 

1878 — John Egan, Union. 

1879 — Schuyler B. Jackson, Essex. 

1880 — Sherman B. Ovlatt, Monmouth. 

1881 —Harrison VanDuyne, Essex. 

1882 — John T. Dunn, Union. 

1883 — Thomas O'Connor, Essex. 

1884 — A. B. Stoney, Monmouth. 
1885-86 — E. A. Armstrong, Camden. 

1887 — William M. Balrd, Warren. 

1888 — Samuel D. Dickinson. Hudson. 

1889 — Robert S. Hudspeth, Hudson. 

1890 — W. C. Heppenheimer, Hudson. 
1891-92 — James J. Bergen, Somerset. 

1893 — Thomas Flynn, Passaic. 

1894 — *John I. Holt, Passaic; •Joseph Cross, Union. 

1895 — Joseph Cross, Union. 

1896 — Louis T. Derousse, Camden. 

1897 — George W. Macpherson, Mercer. 
1898-99 — **David 0. Watkins, Gloucester. 
1900 — Benjamin F. Jones, Essex. 
1901-02— William J. Bradley, Camden. 
1903 — John G. Horner, Burlington. 

• Speaker Holt resigned on May 26th, and Mr. Cross succeeded 
him. 
*♦ Became Acting Governor, October ISth. 



132 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1904-05 — John Boyd Aylg, Gloucester. 

1900 — Samuel K. Robbins, Burlington. 

1907 —Edgar E. Lethbrldge, Essex. 

1908 — Frank B. Jess, Camden. 

1909 -rJohn D. Prince, Passaic. 

1910 — Harry P. Ward, Bergen. 

1911 — Edward Kenny, Hudson. 

1912 —Thomas F. McCran, Passaic. 

1913 — *Leon R. Taylor, Monmouth. 

1914 — Azariab M. Beekman, Somerset. 

1915 — Carlton Godfrey, Atlantic. 

1916 — Charles C. Pilgrim, Essex. 

CLERKS. 
1845 —Alexander G. Cattell, Salem. 
1848 — Adam C. Daris, Hunterdon. 
1847-50 — Alex. M. Gumming, Mercer. 
1851-52 — David Naar, Essex. 
1853-54 — Darld W. DelUcker, Somerset. 
1855 — Peter D. Vroom, Hudson. 
1856-57— William Darmon, Gloucester. 

1858 — Daniel Blaurelt, Essex. 

1859 — John P. Harker, Camden. 

1860 — D. Blauvelt, Jr., Essex. 
1861-62 — Jacob Sharp, Warren. 
1863-64 — LcTl Scobey, Monmouth. 
1865-66 — George B. Cooper, Cumberland. 
1867 — Ed. Jardine, Bergen. 
1868-70 — A. M. Johnston, Mercer. 

1871 —A. M. Gumming, Mercer. 
1872-74 — Slnnlckson Chew, Camden. 
1875 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 
1876-77 — John Y. Foster, Essex. 
1878 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 
1879-81—0. O. Cooper, Morris. 
1882-83— Arthur Wilson, Monmouth. 
1884 — Henry D. Wlnton, Bergen. 
1885-86 — Samuel Toombs, Essex. 

1887 — Joseph Atkinson, Essex. 

1888 — James P. Logan, Burlington. 
1889-90— John J. Matthews, Union. 
1891-92 — Thos. F. Noonan, Jr., Hudson. 

1893 — Leonard Kalisch, Essex. 

1894 —J. Herbert Potts, Hudson. 
1895-97 — James Parker, Passaic. 
1898-99 — Thomas H. Jones, Essex. 
1907 —Michael W. Hlgglns, Essex. 
1900-06; 08-09-10 — James Parker, Passaic. 

1911 — Daniel A. Dugan, Essex. 

1912 — Upton S. Jefferys, Camden. 
1913-14— Mark F. Phillips, Essex. 
1915-16 — Upton S. Jefferys, Camden. 



Became Acting Governor October 28th. 



STATE CENSUS. 



133 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

Population by Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1915. 
Official. 





ATLANTIC COUNTY. 














In- De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


Absecon City 


781 


870 


89 


1st Ward ... 381 








2d Ward 489 








Atlantic City 


46,150 


51,667 


5,517 . . . . 


1st Ward . . . 12,406 




2d Ward 9,360 








3d Ward 12.527 








4th Ward . . . 17.374 








Buena Vista Township.. 


2,723 


3,599 


876 


East Atlantic City* .... 


67 


20 


47 


Egg Harbor City 


2,181 


2,416 


235 


Egg Harbor Township.. 


1,110 


1,856 


746 






Folsom. Borough 


232 


266 


34 






Galloway Township . . . 


1,976 


2,115 


139 






Hamilton Township . . . 


2,271 


2,432 


161 






Hammonton 


5,088 


5,896 


808 






Linwood Borough 


602 


610 


8 






Longport Borough 


118 


143 


25 






Margate City 


129 


291 


162 






Mullica Township 


811 


967 


156 






Northfield City 


866 


968 


102 






1st Ward . . . 568 








2d Ward . . 


400 








Pleasantville 


City 


4,390 


4,663 


473 


1st Ward . 


2.600 








2d Ward . . 


2,263 








Port Republic 


City 


405 


422 


17 


1st Ward . 


200 








2d Ward . . 


92^ 








Somers Point 


City..t." 


604 


790 


186 


1st Ward . 


358 








2d Ward . . 


432 








Ventnor City 




491 


1,676 


1,185 


1st Ward . 


." " " i'.oi.s 








2d Ward . . 


603 








Weymouth Township . . 
Net increase, 
10,946. 


899 


973 


74 


71,894 


82,840 


10,993 47 


BERGEN COUNTY. 




Allendale Borough .... 


937 


1,121 


184 




Alpine Borough 


377 


533 


156 




. 


Bergenfield Borough . . . 


1,991 


2.924 


933 






Bogota Borough 


1,125 


2,341 


1,216 






Carlstadt Borough 


3,807 


4,137 


330 




. 


Cliffside Park Borough.. 


3,394 


4,778 


1.384 






Chester Borov 


igh 


1,483 


1,735 


252 




• 



Name changed from Brigantine City. 



134 



STATE CENSUS. 



Cressklll Borough .... 

Delford Borough 

Demarest Boxough . . . 
DumoDt Borough .... 
East Rutherford Bor 

ough , 

Edgewater Borough . . 
Emerson Borough .... 
Englewood City 

1st Ward 



In- De- 

1910. 1915. crease, crease 

550 922 372 

1,005 1,244 239 

560 588 28 

1,783 2,278 495 



Cliffs 



2,111 
2,254 
3.389 
3.317 
Bor- 



4,275 4,576 

2,655 8,150 

767 906 

9,924 11,071 



2d Ward. 
3d Ward. 
4th Ward . 

Englewood 

ough 

Fairview Borough 

Fort Lee Borough 

Franklin Township .... 

Garfield Borough 

Glen Rock Borough .... 

Harrington Township . . 

Harrington Park Bor- 
ough 

Hasbrouck Heights Bor- 
ough 

Haworth Borough 

Hillsdale Township .... 

Hohokus Borough 

Hohokus Township .... 

Leonia Borough 

Little Ferry Borough. . . 

Lodi Borough 

Lodi Township 

May wood Borough 

Midland Township .... 

Midland Park Borough.. 

Montvale Borough 

Moonachie Borough .... 

New Barbadoes Town- 
ship* 

1st Ward 5.070 

2d Ward 3.111 

3d Ward 2,896 

4th Ward 3,000 

5th Ward 1,779 

North Arlington Bor- 
ough 

Norwood Borough 

Oakland Borough 

Old Tappan Borough . . 

Orvil Township 

Overpeck Township . . . 

Palisades Township . . . 

Palisades Park Borough, 

Park Ridge Borough . . 

Ramsey Borough 



410 
2,441 
4,472 
1,954 
10,213 
1,055 

588 

377 

2,155 

588 

1,072 

488 

1,881 

1,486 

2,541 

4,138 

693 

889 

1,480 

2,001 

522 

638 



532 
4,016 

5,288 

2,238 

15,455 

1,689 

785 

551 

2,424 

733 

1,444 

561 

2,428 

2,132 

2.729 

6,379 

904 

1,309 

1,884 

2,130 

728 

993 



301 

495 

139 

1,147 



122 
1,575 
816 
284 
5,242 
634 
197 

174 

269 
145 
372 
73 
547 
646 
188 
2,241 
211 
420 
404 
129 
206 
355 



14,050 15,856 1,806 



437 


1,079 


642 


564 


680 


116 


568 


628 


60 


305 


323 


18 


970 


1,167 


197 


4,512 


7,000 


2,488 


1.141 


1,592 


451 


1,411 


2,264 


853 


1,401 


1,643 


242 


1,667 


1,973 


306 



* New Barbadoes Township, co-extensive with Hacken- 
sack Town. 



STATE CENSUS. 



135 



1910. 

Ridgcfield Borough 966 

Ridgewoocl Township . . 5,416 

Riverside Borough .... 736 

Rivervale Township . . . 450 

Rutherford Borough . . . 7,045 

Saddle River Borough.. 483 

Saddle River Township, 3,047 

Teaneck Township 2,082 

Tenafly Borough 2,756 

Union Township 4,076 

Upper Saddle River Bor- 
ough 273 

Wallington Borough ... 3,448 
Washington Township. . 100 
Westwood Borough .... 1,870 
Woodcliff Lake Bor- 
ough 470 

Woodridge Borough 1,043 

Net increase, 

40,594. 138,002 178,596 





In- De- 


1915. 


crease, crease. 


1,187 


221 


6,729 


1,313 


949 


213 


530 


80 


8,347 


1,302 


555 


72 


4,014 


967 


3,254 


1,172 


2,999 


243 


7,299 


3,223 


364 


91 


4,071 


623 


218 


118 


2,217 


347 


522 


52 


1,500 


457 



40,594 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

Bass River Township... 685 735 

Beverly City 2,140 2,450 

Beverly Township 2,337 2,719 

Bordentown Township . . 608 529 

Bordentown City 4,250 4,095 

1st Ward 1,750 

2d Ward 1,545 

3d Ward 800 

Burlington City 8,336 9,044 

Burlington Township . . 1,220 1,424 

Chester Township 5,069 6,061 

Chesterfield Township . . 1,130 1,228 

Cinaminson Township . . 1.266 1,585 

Delran Township 1,031 1,409 

Easthampton Township, 508 486 

Evesham Township 1,408 1,396 

Fieldsboro 480 510 

-Florence Township 4,731 6.240 

Lumberton Township . . . 1,768 1,854 

Mansfield Township 1.526 1,597 

Medford Township 1,903 1,978 

Mount Laurel Town- 
ship 1,573 1,736 

New Hanover Township, 948 932 

North Hanover Township, 696 692 

Northampton Township. . 5,652 5,657 

Palmyra Township 2,801 3.295 

Pemberton Township . . 1,679 1,865 

Pemberton Borough .... 797 793 

Riverside Township 4,011 5,465 

Riverton Borough 1,788 2,141 

Shamong Township .... 483 500 

Southampton Township, 1,778 1,848 

Springfield Township . . 1,278 1,329 



50 


.... 


310 




382 






79 





155 


708 




204 


.... 


992 




98 




319 


.... 


378 






22 




12 


30 




1,509 


.... 


86 




71 




75 




163 




.... 


16 


.... 


• 4 


5 




494 




186 




.... 


4 


1,454 




353 




17 




70 




51 


.... 



136 



STATE CENSUS. 



Tabernacle Township . . 
Washington Township . . 
Wcsthampton Township, 
Willingboro Township. . 
Woodland Township . . , 
Net increase, 
8,172. 







In- 


De- 


1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


487 


479 


.... 


8 


597 


672 


75 




r»64 


612 


48 


.... 


562 


703 


141 


.... 


475 


678 


203 





66,565 74,737 8,472 



300 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 



Audubon Borough 
Berlin Township , 
Camden City . . . , 



1,343 3,009 

1,611 2,076 

94,538 102,215 



1,666 

465 

7,677 



7,553 

8,383 
5,120 
4,313 
8,773 
7,025 
10,618 
10,423 
6,626 
8,797 
7,031 
7,702 
9,851 



1st Ward 

2d Ward 

3d Ward 

4th Ward. . . . 

5th Ward 

6th Ward 

7th Ward 

8th Ward 

9th Ward 

10th Ward. . . 

11th Ward. . . 

12th Ward. . . 

13th Ward. . . 
Centre Township .... 
Chesilhurst Borough . 
Clementon Township . 
Collingswood Borougli 
Delaware Township . . 
Gloucester City 

1st Ward 4,256 

2d Ward 6,298 

Gloucester Township . . . 
Haddon Township .... 
H addon Heights Bor 

ough 

Haddonfield Borough . 
Laurel Springs Borough 
Magnolia Boroughf . . . 
Merchantville Borough . 
Oaklyn Borough . . . 
Pens'aulcen Township 
Voorhees Township 
Waterford Township 
Winslow Township 
Woodlyne Borough 

Net increase, 
21,192, 



3,200 
246 
2,794 
4,795 
1,706 
9,462 



2,380 
1,465 



1,452 
4,142 



1,996 
653 
4,169 
1,174 
1,484 
2,919 
500 



3,710 
314 
2.605 
6,600 
2,227 
10,554 



2.764 
2,082 

2,297 
5,077 

791 

977 
2,242 

793 
5,213 
1,330 
1,936 
3,531 

878 



510 
68 

1,805 

52] 

1,092 



384 
617 

845 
935 
791 
977 
246 
140 
1,044 
156 
452 
612 
878 



189 



142,029 163,221 21,381 



189 



* Set off from Clementon Township. 
t Set off from Township of Clementon. 



STATE CENSUS. 



137 



CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

In- 

1910. 1915. crease. 

Avalon Borough 230 323 93 

Cape May City 2,471 2,513 42 

Cape May Point Bor- 
ough 162 170 8 

Dennis Townshin 1,751 1,804 53 

Lower Township 1,188 1.271 83 

Middle Township 2,974 3,383 409 

North Wildwood Bor- 
ough* 833 1,088 255 

Ocean City 1,950 3,721 1.771 

Sea Isle City 551 955 404 

South Cape May Bor- 
ough 7 iJ 12 

Stone HarboT Borough, t 459 459 

Upper Township 1,483 1,589 106 

West Cape May Bor- 
ough 844 1,068 224 

Wildwood Cityt 898 3,858 1,059 

Wildwood Crest Borough, 103 317 214 

Woodbine Borough 2,399 1,869 

Net increase, 

4,662. 19,745 24,407 5,192 



De- 
crease. 



530 
530 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

Bridgeton City 14,209 13,611 598 

1st Ward 2,120 

2d Ward 2,981 

3d Ward 3,403 

4th Ward 3,153 

5th Ward 1,954 

Commercial Township . . 2,604 2,624 20 

Deerfield Township 3,311 3,621 310 

Downe Township 1.519 1,570 51 

Fairfield Township 1.629 1,621 8 

Greenwich Township . . . 1.145 1,147 2 

Hopewell Township . . . 1.818 1,807 11 

Landis Township 6.435 8.658 2,223 

Lawrence Township ... 1,746 1,801 55 

Maurice River Township. 2,124 2,221 97 

Millville City 12,451 13.307 856 

1st Ward 2.655 

2d Ward 2.044 

3d Ward 3.112 

4th Ward 2,923 

5th Ward 2,573 

Stow Creek Township. . . 880 962 82 

Vinoland Borough 5.282 6,531 1,249 

Net increase, — 

4,328. 55,153 59,481 4,945 617 

* Formerly Anglesea. 

t Set ofif from Middle Township. 

t Wildwood Citv was formerly Wildwood Borough and 
Holly Beach Borough. In 1910 Holly Beach Borough had 
a population of 1,901. 



138 



STATE CENSUS. 
ESSEX COUNTY. 



1910. 1915. 
9 891 11,906 
Belleville Town ....... 9,8J1 

1st Ward.... 4,41 J 

2cl Ward 5,205 

3d Ward ^'^'^ I'lOTO 17,306 

Bloomficld Town ....•• 15."'^ 
1st Ward.... 6,506 
2d Ward.... 5,212 

3(1 Ward 5'-»»» ^q4 782 

Caldwell Township • „ ^^^o 

Caldwell Boronoli .... • n aqq 2,979 

Cedar Grove Township.. 2,409 ^^ 
East Orange City...--- «^-i"^'^ 
1st Ward.... 5.335 
2d Ward.... 6,o4o 
3d Ward.... ll-S^-^ 
4tbWard.... 6.1-6 
5th Ward.... H-O^u 538 

Essex Fells Borough... ^ ^^^3 

Glen Ridge Borough ... . -^--^ 20,342 
Irvington Town ....••;, li'»" 

1st Ward ».4'- 

2d Ward.... 5,84^ 

3d Ward 9,028 1025 1,202 

Livingston Tow;nship .. l.^^g 4;3-2 

Millburn Township ^'^ ^ 25,029 

Montclair Town ....... ^^'^^^ 

1st Ward.... 4,389 

2d Ward.... 4,788 

3d Ward.... 4.771 

4th Ward.... 6.151 

v^^'^YcitV" . 347,469 366,721 

nTwa?d'.::- f4|? 

2d Ward.... 15,087 

3d Ward.... 34.60O 

4th Ward.... 10.163 

5th Ward.... 19.5.09 

6th Ward.... l°-^^f 

7th Ward.... 16.021 

8thW\ard.... 24,9bb 

9th Ward.... 2o,381 

10th Ward... 1^,39 J 

11th Ward... 17.--| 

12th Ward... 22,50^ 

13th Ward... 33,<8J 

14th Ward... 36.781 

15th Ward... 15.32- 
16th Ward. . • ^ 3U.^»^ ^ 5(34 
North Caldwell Borough, ^ o9d ^^^^^ 

Nutley Town • • • • 

1st Ward.... 2,8-4 

2d Ward.... 2.oO.^ 

3d Ward.... 2,610 



In- 
crease. 
2,105 



De- 
crease. 



2,236 



78 

1,173 

570 

6,590 



96 

893 
8,465 



177 

652 

3.479 



19,252 



69 
1.978 



STATE CENSUS. 



139 











In- 


De- 






1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


Orange City . 




29,630 


29,805 


175 




1st Ward. . . 


7,434 










2d Ward... 


4,312 










3d Ward. . . 


7,378 










4th Ward... 


6,526 










5tli Ward. . . 


4,155 










Roseland Borough 


486 


593 


107 




South Orange 


Township, 


2,979 


4,676 


1,697 




South Orange 


Village. . . 


6,014 


5,866 




148 


Verona Borough 


1,675 


2,643 


968 




West Caldwell 


. Borough, 


494 


690 


196 




West Orange 


Town .... 


10,980 


13,610 


2,630 


. . . . 



1st Ward, 
2d Ward. .. 

3d Ward 

4th Ward 

5th Ward. .. 

Net increase, 

53,438. 



2,014 
3.368 
2,817 
2,535 
2,876 



512,886 566,324 53,586 



148 



GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

Clayton Borough 1,926 1,729 197 

Deptford Township . . . 2,524 1,800 724 

East Greenwich Town- 
ship 1,406 1,614 208 

Elk Township 1,022 1,042 20 

Franklin Township .... 2,603 3,008 405 

GlassbOTO Township . . . 2,821 3,030 209 

Greenwich Township . . 874 1,155 281 

Harrison Township . . . 1,682 1,793 111 

Logan Township 1,523 1,521 2 

Mantua Township 1,529 1,849 320 

Monroe Township 3,015 3,490 475 

National Park Borough, 325 529 204 

Paulsboro Borough 2,121 2,876 755 

Pitman Borough 1,950 2,577 627 

South Harrison Town- 
ship 694 687 7 

Swedesboro Borough . . 1,477 1.738 261 

Washington Township .. 1,396 1,626 230 

Wenonah Borough 645 821 176 

West Deptford Town- 
ship 2,057 1.728 329 

Westville Borough* 2,036 2,036 .... 

Woodbury City 4,642 5,288 646 

1st Ward...'. 1,089 

2d Ward 2,463 

3d Ward 1,736 

Woodbury Heights Bor- 

ought 339 339 

Woolwich Township ... 1,136 1,311 175 .... 

Net increase, — 

6,219. 37,368 43,587 7,478 1,259 

* Set off from Townships of Deptford and West Deptford. 

t Set off frona Deptford Township, 



140 



STATE CENSUS. 



HUDSON COUNTY. 











In- 


De- 




1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


Bayonne City 


55,545 


64,461 


8,916 




East Newark Borough. . 


3.163 


2.873 


. . 


'290 


Guttenberpr Town 


5,647 


6,322 


675 


.... 


Harrison Town 


14.498 


14.520 


22 




Hoboljen City 


70,324 


67,611 





2,7i3 


Jersey City 


267,779 


270,903 


3,124 




1st' Ward. . . 


15.776 






2d Ward. . . 


19,600 










3d Ward. . . 


17,578 










4th Ward. . . 


13,319 










5th Ward . . . 


17.501 










6th Ward . . . 


16,900 










7th Ward. . . 


32,179 










8th Ward. . . 


33,512 










9th Ward. . . 


24.100 










10th Ward. . 


24,247 










11th Ward. . 


28,059 










12th Ward. . 


28,132 










Keamev Town 


18,659 


22,150 


3.491 


.... 


North Bergen Township, 


15,662 


20,679 


5,017 


.... 


Secaucus Borough 


4,740 


4,906 


166 




Union Town 


21,023 


21,739 


716 




Weehawljen Township .. 


11,228 


13,488 


2,260 




West Hoboken Town . . . 


35,403 


38,776 


3,373 




West New York Town. . 
Net increase, 


13,560 


22,943 


9,383 













34,140. 


537,231 


571,371 


37,143 


3,003 


HUNTERDON COUNTY. 






Alexandria Township . . 


1,045 


1,093 


48 





Bethlehem Township . . 


980 


975 




5 


Bloomsbury Borough . . 


600 


630 


30 


.... 


Clinton Township 


2,108 


2,157 


49 


.... 


Town of Clinton 


836 


841 


5 


.... 


Delaware Township . . . 


1,740 


1,941 


201 


.... 


East Amwell Township, 


1203 


1,251 


48 




Flemington Borough.* .. 




2,635 


2,635 




Franklin Township .... 


" 1,099 


1,141 


42 


.... 


Frenchtown Borough . . 


984 


983 




1 


Hampton Borough 


914 


843 




71 


High Bridge Borough . . 


1,545 


1,700 


■ '"155 


.... 


Holland Township .... 
Kingwood Township . . 


1.699 


975 




724 


1.265 


1.241 




24 


Lambertville City 


4,657 


4,600 




57 


1st Ward 1.400 










2d Ward 1,162 










3d Ward.... 2,038 










Lebanon Township .... 


2,179 


2,211 


32 


.... 


Milford Borought 




687 


687 


.... 


Raritan Township .... 


' 4.663 


1,896 




2,107 


Readington To\^ 


^nship .. 


2,569 


2,648 


■ "79 






* Set off from Raritan Township, 
t Set off from Holland Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



141 













In- 


De- 






1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


Stockton Borough 




605 


613 


8 




TewksbuTy Townsliip . . 


1,742 


1,734 




■"8 


Union Township 




930 


1,054 


■"124 


.... 


West Amwell Township, 


866 


848 




18 


Net increase, 



















1,128. 




33,569 


34,697 


4,143 


3,015 




MERCER COUNTY. 






East Windsor Township, 


941 


839 




102 


Ewing Township 




1.889 


3,261 


' l',372 




Hamilton Township . . . 


7,899 


11,143 


3,244 




Hopewell Borough 


.... 


1,073 


1,341 


268 




Hopewell Township . . . 


3,171 


3,43u 


259 




Hightstown Borough . . 


1,879 


2,592 


713 




Lawrence Townsaip . . . 


2,522 


3,339 


817 




Pennington Borou 


-h .. . 


7 22 


944 


992 




Princeton Borougl 


L .... 


5,136 


5,678 


542 




Princeton Township . . . 


1,178 


1,414 


236 




Trenton City 




96,815 


103,190 


6,375 




1st Ward. . . 




4,917 






2d Ward. . . 




4,940 










3d W^ard. . . 




5,433 










4th Ward . . . 




9,989 










5th Ward. . . 




10,786 










6th Ward. .. 




3,782 










7th Ward . . . 




4,449 










8th Ward . . . 




7,040 










9th Ward. .. 




8,130 










10th Ward. . 




9,634 










11th Ward. . 




14,372 










12th Ward.. 




7,401 










13th Ward. . 




7,513 










14th Ward. . 




4.804 










Washington Township .. 


1,090 


1,215 


125 


. . . . 


West Windsor 


Town- 










ship 




1,342 


1,426 


84 


. . . . 


Net increase. 












14,155. 






125,657 


139,812 


14,257 


102 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

Cranbury Township . . . 1,424 1,533 109 

Dunellen Borough 1,990 2,877 887 

East Brunswick Town- 
ship 1,602 1,865 263 

Helmctta Borough 661 767 106 

Highland Park Borough, 1,517 2,901 1,384 

Jamesburg Borough . . . 2,075 1.865 

Madison Township 1,621 2.123 502 

Metuchen Borough 2,138 2,692 554 

Middlesex Borough* 1,310 1,310 

Milltown Borough 1,584 1,902 318 

Monroe Township 1,723 2,581 858 

New Brunswick 23,388 30,019 6,631 

* Set ofiE from Piscataway Township. 



210 



142 



STATE CENSUS. 



1910. 
North Brunswick Town- 
ship 990 

Perth Ambov City 32,121 

Piscataway Township ,. 3,523 

Raritan Township 2,707 

Roosevelt Borough .... 5,786 

Sayreville Township ... 5,783 

South Amboy 7,007 

South Brunswick Town- 
ship 2,443 

South River Borough. . 4,772 

Spottswood Borough .. . 623 

Woodbridge Township. . 8,948 

Net increase, 

30,290. 114,426 





In- 


De- 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


1,247 


2.57 




39,719 


7,598 




3,624 


101 




3,412 


705 




8,049 


2,263 




6,312 


529 




7,482 


475 




2,929 


486 




6,691 


.1,919 




683 


60 




12,133 


3,185 





144,716 30,500 



210 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

Allenhurst Borough . . . 306 203 

Allentown Borough 634 642 

Asbury Park City 10,150 10,910 

Atlantic Township 1,205 1,200 

Atlantic Highlands Bor- 
ough 1,645 1,771 

Avon Borough 426 707 

Belmar Borough 1,433 2,553 

Bradley Beach Borough, 1,807 2,236 

Deal Borough 273 227 

Eatontown Township . . 2,076 2,164 

Englishtown Borough .. 468 605 

Fair Haven Borough* 1,490 

Farmingdale Borough .. 416 483 

Freehold Town 3,233 3,622 

Freehold Township 2,329 2,338 

Highlands Borough .... 1,386 1,759 

Holmdel Township .... 1,058 1,315 

Howell Township 2,703 2,931 

Keyport Borough 3,554 4,019 

Long Branch City 13,298 14,565 

Manalapan Township . . 1,375 1,467 

Manasquan Borough .. . 1,582 1,817 

Matawan Borough 1,646 1,771 

Matawan Township . . . 1,472 1,833 
Marlboro Township . . . 1,754 1.842 
Middletown Township.. 6,653 7,795 
Millstone Township . . . 1,461 1,255 
Monmouth Beach Bor- 
ough 485 652 

Neptune City Borough.. 488 614 

Neptune Township .... 5.551 6,774 

Ocean Township 1,377 1,405 

Raritan Township 1.583 1.955 

Red Bank Borough 7,398 8,631 

Rumson Borough 1,449 1,583 

Sea Bright Borough ... 1,220 1,327 

Shrewsbury Township.. 3,238 2,315 

* Set off from Shrewsbury Township. 





103 


8 




760 






5 


126 




281 




1,120 




429 






46 


88 




137 




1,490 




67 




389 




9 




373 




257 




228 




465 




1,267 




92 




2S0 




125 




361 




88 




1,142 






206 


167 




126 




1,223 




28 




372 




1,233 




134 




107 






923 



STATE CENSUS. 



143 



Spring Lake Borough . . 

Upper Freehold Town- 
ship 

Wall Township 

West Long Branch Bor- 
ough 

Net increase, 
12,902. 



1910. 
853 


1915. 
1,393 


In- 
crease. 
540 


De- 
crease 


2,053 
3,817 


2,064 
4,338 


11 
521 


. . . . 


879 


1,065 


186 





94,734 107,636 14.185 1,283 



MORRIS COUNTY. 

Boonton Town 4,930 5,207 277 

Boonton Township .... 428 527 99 .... 

Butler Borough 2,265 2,534 269 

Chatham Township 812 818 6 

Chatham Borough 1,874 2,207 333 

Chester Township .... 1,251 1,357 106 

Denville Township* 1.012 1.012 

Dover Town 7,468 8,971 1,503 

Florham Park Borough, 558 970 412 .... 

Hanover Township 6,228 8,121 1,893 

Jefferson Township 1,303 1,186 117 

Madison Borough 4,658 5,628 970 .... 

Mendham Borough 1,129 1,248 119 

Mendham Township . . . 792 845 53 .... 

Montville Township . . . 1,944 1,719 225 

Morris Township 3.161 3.034 127 

Morristown Town 12,507 13,006 499 

Mount Arlington Bor- 
ough 277 397 120 

Mount Olive Township, 1,160 1,084 76 

Netcong Borough 1,532 1,680 148 

Passaic Township 2.165 2,457 292 .... 

Pequannock Township.. 1,921 2,313 392 

Randolph Township . . . 2,307 2,545 238 

Rockawav Borough 1,902 2,224 322 

Rockawav Township ... 4,835 3,264 1,571 

Roxbury" Township 2,414 2,514 100 

Washington Township.. 1,900 2,055 155 .... 

Wharton Borough 2,983 2,591 392 

Net increase, ■ 

6,810. 74,704 81,514 9,318 2,508 



OCEAN COUNTY. 



Barnegat City Borough 
Bay Head Borough... 
Beach Haven Borough 
Berkeley Township . . 

Brick Township 

Dover Township .... 
Eagleswood Township 
Harvey Cedars Borough 
Island Heights Borough 
Jackson Township 



70 

281 

272 

597 

2,177 

2,452 

550 

33 

313 

1,325 



77 

492 

434 

900 

2,308 

2,676 

525 

47 

368 

1,465 



7 
211 

303 
131 
224 



14 

55 

140 



25 



Set off from Rockaway Township. 



144 



STATE CENSUS. 



Lacoy Township 

Lakewood Township . . . 
Lavalette Borough .... 
Little Egg Harbor 

Township 

Long Beach Township. . 
Manchester Township. . 
Mantoloking Borough* . . 

Ocean Township 

Plumstcd Township . . . 
Point Pleasant Beach 

Borough 

Seaside Heights Bor- 

ought 

Seaside Park Borough. . 
Stafford Township .... 

Surf City Borough 

Tuckerton Borough . . . 
Union Township 

Net increase, 
1,693. 



1910. 

602 

5,149 

42 

388 

107 

1,112 



'397 


374 


1,123 


1,186 


1,003 


1,204 




252 


101 


275 


934 


933 


40 


44 


1,268 


1,312 


982 


998 



In- 
1915. crease. 

678 76 
4,662 

174 132 

474 86 

105 

998 

50 

' '63 

201 



252 

174 



De- 
crease. 



487 



4 
44 
16 



2 
114 



23 



21,318 23,011 2,345 



652 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 



Acqu'ackanonk Town- 
ship 11.869 20.822 

Haledon Borough 2,560 2.890 

Hawthorne Borough .. . 3.400 3.999 
Little Falls Township.. 3,750 2,928 
North Haledon Borough, 749 834 

Passaic City 54,773 61.225 

PateTson City 125,600 124,815 

1st Ward 13.504 

2d Ward 17,613 

3d Ward 14.028 

4th Ward 17,248 

5th Ward 7,685 

6th Ward 3,438 

7th Ward 7,202 

8th Ward 8.029 

9th Ward 12,028 

10th Ward... 11.358 
11th Ward... 12,682 
Pompton Township .... 
Pomnton Lakes Bor- 
ough 1.060 1.400 

Prospect Park Borough, 2,719 3.8.^>3 

Totowa Borough 1,130 1.493 

Wayne Township 2.281 2,625 

West Milford Township, 1,967 1,877 
West Paterson Bor- 

ought 1,535 

Net increase, ■ 

20,462. 215.902 236.364 



,953 
330 
599 



6,452 



822 
785 



4,044 6,068 2,024 



340 

1.134 

363 

344 



90 



1,535 
22.159 



* Set off from Brick Township. 

t Set off from Dover and Berkeley Townships. 

t Set off from Little Falls Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



145 



SALEM COUNTY. 



Alloway Townsliip .... 

Elmer Borough 

Elsinboro Township .... 

Lower Alloways Creek 
Township 

Lower Penns Neck 
Township 

Mannington Township.. 

Oldmans Township .... 

Pennsgrove Borough . . 

Pilesgrove Township . . 

Pittsgrove Township . . 

Quinton Township .... 

Salem City 

Upper Penns Neck 
Township 

Upper Pittsgrove Town- 
ship 

Woodstown Borough . . 
Net increase, 
3,293. 







In- 


De- 


1910. 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


1,533 


1,500 




33 


1.167 


1,143 





24 


419 


432 


13 





1,252 


1,289 


37 


.... 


1,544 


1,605 


61 




1.606 


1,653 


47 




1,364 


1,324 




40 


2,118 


4,412 


2,294 


.... 


1,786 


1,763 




23 


2.394 


2,169 




225 


1,091 


999 




92 


6,614 


6,953 


339 




744 


1,559 


815 




1,754 


1,984 


230 




1,613 


1,507 




106 



26,999 30,292 3,836 



543 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 



Bedminster Township... 2.375 1,342 
Bernards Township . . . 4.608 5.057 
Bound Brook Borough. . 3,970 5,152 
Branchburgh Township, 970 1,034 
Bridgewater Township.. 1,742 2,039 
Franklin Township* . . . 2.305 3.090 
Hillsborough Township, 2,313 3,183 
Millstone Borough .... 157 154 
Montgomery Township.. 1,637 1,961 
North Plainfield Bor- 
ough 6,117 6,037 

North Plainfield Town- 
ship 886 985 

Peapack (Gladstone) 

Borought 1.346 

Raritan Town 3,672 4,028 

Rocky Hill Borough 502 470 

Somerville Borough . . . 5,060 6,038 
South Bound Brook Bor- 
ough 1,024 1,108 

Warren Township 1,036 1,099 

Net increase, ■ 

5,303. 38,820 44,123 

* East Millstone Town, population 1910 
eluded in Franklin Township. 

t Set off from Township of Bedminster. 

10 



449 




1,182 


.... 


64 




297 




330 




870 






3 


324 






80 


99 


.... 


1.346 




356 






32 


978 




84 




63 




6,451 


1,148 


of 356 


is in- 



146 



STATE CENSUS. 



SUSSEX COUNTY. 



Andover Borough . . 
Andover Township . 
Branchville Borough 
Byram Township . . . 
Frankford Township 
Franklin Borough* . 
Fredon Township . . 
Green Township . . . 
Hampton Township . 
Hardyston Township 
Hopatcong Borough 
Lafayette Township 
Montague Township 

Newton Town 

Ogdensburg Borought 
Sandyston Township 
Sparta Township . . 
Stanhope Borough . 
Stillwater Township 
Sussex Borough .. . . 
Vernon Township . . 
Walpack Township . 
Wantage Township . 
Net decrease, 
804. 



In- De- 

1915. crease, crease. 

479 405 

504 17 

620 43 

437 618 

1,096 92 

3.262 3,202 

448 9 

504 384 

700 29 

2.030 3,180 

234 88 

687 4 

630 9 

4,433 34 

600 600 .... 

796 59 

1,170 409 

1,028 3 

891 95 

1.251 39 

1,604 71 

304 18 

2,269 192 



1910. 

884 

521 

663 

1,055 

1,004 

' ' 457 
888 
671 

5,210 
146 
683 
621 

4,467 

' ' 8.55 
1,579 
1.031 

796 
1,212 
1,675 

286 
2,077 



26,781 25,977 4,428 5,232 



UNION COUNTY. 



Clark Township . 




469 


541 


72 


Cranford Township . . 


3.641 


4,967 


1,326 


Elizabeth City .. 




73,409 


82,036 


8,627 


1st Ward 


7.764 






2d Ward 


6.759 






3d Ward .... 


7.92: 








4th Ward 


5.658 






5th Ward. . . . 


6,257 






6th Ward 


8.103 






7th Ward 


8,309 






8th Ward 


8.603 






9th Ward. . . . 


4.427 






10th Ward. . . 


6,394 






11th Ward... 


5.764 






12th Ward. . . 


6.07' 








Fanwood Borough 




471 


699 


228 


Fanwood Township ... 


1,616 


1,970 


354 


Garwood Borough 




1,118 


1,642 


524 


Hillside Townshipl 


. . . 




2,773 


2.773 


Kenilworth Borough . . 


779 


997 


218 


Linden Borough . 




610 


1,150 


540 


Linden Township 




1,988 


3,826 


1,838 


Mountainside Borough. 


362 


421 


59 



Set off from Hardyston Township. 
t Set off from Township of Sparta. 
t Set off from Union Township. 



STATE CENSUS. 



147 



1910. 
New Providence Box- 

ough ° ' "^ 

New Providence Town- 

giiip 526 

Plninfield City 20,550 

Rahway City 9.3d7 

Roselle Borougli •••••• A<^o 

Roselle Park Borougli. . 3, 188 

Springfield Township . . l,^4b 

Summit City 7,o00 

Union Township "^Alx 

Westfleld Town t>,420 

Net increase, .Tr^^ 

27,125. 140,197 





In- 


De- 


1915. 


crease. 


crease. 


1,132 


259 




847 


321 




24,516 


3,966 




9,586 


249 




3,823 


1,098 




4,327 


1,189 




1,619 


373 




9,136 


1,636 




3,167 




25: 


8.147 


1,727 





167,322 27,377 



252 



WARREN COUNTY. 



Allamuchy Township . . 

Alpha Borough* 

Belvidere Town 

Blairstown Township . . 
Franklin Township .... 
Frelinghuysen Township, 
Greenwich Township . . 
Hackettstown Town . . . 
Hardwick Township ... 
Harmony Township . . . 

Hope Township 

Independence Township, 
Knowlton Township . . . 
Lopatcong Township . . 
Mansfield Township . . . 

Oxford Township 

Pahaquarrv Township.. 
Phillipsburg Town . . - . 
Pohatcong Township . . 
Washington Borough . . 
Washington Township.. 

V^Tiite Townshipt 

Net increase, 
1,127. 



641 



1,764 
1,718 
1,585 
1,074 

904 
2,715 

405 
1,490 
1,119 

867 
1,556 

766 
1,238 
3,444 

205 

13,903 

3,202 

3,567 

1,023 



666 24 

2,084 2,084 

1,823 59 .... 

1,447 271 

1,310 275 

788 286 

1,014 110 

2,976 261 .... 

369 36 

1,465 25 

1,074 45 

1,151 284 .... 

1,192 364 

938 172 

1,217 21 

i;975 1,469 

196 9 

15,430 1,527 .... 

1,634 1,568 

3,250 317 

1,078 55 

1,237 1,237 



43,187 44,314 5,813 4,686 



* Set off from Pohatcong Township. 
t Set off from Oxford Township. 
Total population, 2,844,342. 



148 STATE CENSUS. 



Population of Incorporated Places, 1915, 1910, 1900. 



1915. 

Absecon City 870 

Allendale Borough 1,121 

Allenhurst Borough 203 

Allentown Borough 642 

Alpha Borough 2,084 

Alpine Borough 533 

Andover Borough 479 

Angelsea Borough* .... 

AsbuTy Park City 10,910 

Atlantic City 51,667 

Atlantic Highlands Borough.... 1,771 

Audubon Borough 3,009 

Aralon Borough 323 

Avon Borough 707 

Bamegat City Borough 77 

Bay Head Borough 492 

Bayonne City 64,461 

Beach Haven Borough 434 

Belleville Town 11.996 

Belmar 2,553 

Belvidere Town 1,823 

Bergenfield Borough 2,924 

Beverly City 2,450 

Bloomfleld Town 17,306 

Bloomsbury Borough 630 

Bogota Borough 2,341 

Boonton Town 5,207 

Bordentown City 4,095 

Bound Brook Borough. 5,152 

Bradley Beach Borough 2,236 

Branchville Borough 620 

Bridgeton City 13,611 

Brigantine City .... 

Burlington City 9,044 

Butler Borough 2,534 

Caldwell Borough 3,409 

Camden City 102,215 

Cape May City 2,513 

Cape May Point Borough 170 

Carlstadt Borough 4,137 

Chatham Borough 2.207 

Chester Borough 1,735 

Chesilhurst Borough 314 

Clayton Borough 1,729 

Cliffside Park Borough 4,778 

Clinton Borough 841 

Closter Borough .... 

Collingswood Borough 6,600 

Cresskill Borough 922 

Deal Borough 227 

Delford Borough 1,244 

Demarest Borough 588 

Dover Town 8,971 

Dumont Borough 2,278 

* Now North Wildwood. 



1910. 


1900. 


781 


530 


937 


694 


306 


165 


634 


695 


■377 




884 




833 


161 


10,150 


4,148 


46,150 


27,838 


1,645 


1,383 


1,343 




230 


93 


426 


.... 


70 


. . . 


281 


247 


55,545 


32,722 


272 


239 


9,891 


5,907 


1,433 


902 


1,764 


1,784 


1,991 


729 


2,140 


1,950 


15,070 


9,668 


600 




1,125 


337 


4,930 


3,901 


4.250 


4,11(> 


3,970 


2,622 


1,807 


982 


663 


526 


14,209 


13,913 


67 


99 


8,336 


7,392 


2,265 




2,236 


1,367 


94,538 


75,935 


2,471 


2,257 


162 


153 


3,807 


2,574 


1,874 


1,361 


1,483 




246 


283 


1,926 


1,951 


3,394 


968 


836 


816 


1,483 




4,795 


1,633 


550 


486 


273 


70 


1,005 


746 


560 


.... 


7,468 


5,938 


1,783 


643 



STATE CENSUS. l^^ 

iqIt 1910. 1900. 

0^877 1.990 1,239 

Dunellen Borough -' 2o 67 99 

East Atlantic City* 356 447 

East Millstone Town ^-g^g 3 ^^S 2,500 

East Newark Borough -gg^ 34 37I 21,506 

East Orange City 4'^76 4,275 2,640 

East Rutherford Borough f^^^ 2,655 1,006 

Edgewater Borough ^'^^g 2,180 1,808 

Egg Harbor City R^'ose 73,409 52,130 

Elizabeth City «J'^g i;i67 1,140 

Elmer Borough 'qqq 757 . • • • 

Emerson Borough 11071 9,924 6,2o3 

Englewood City ••••••••• ^"^'532 410 218 

Enllewood Cliffs Borough &gg 4^8 410 

Englishtown Borougli ^00 442 .... 

Esfex Fells Borough ^ |§g _ . . . 

Fair Haven Borough ^'^^g 2,441 1,003 

Fairview Borough 'ggg 471 399 

Fanwood Borough 4g3 416 .... 

Farmingdale Borough ^-^^ 480 459 

Fieldsboro Borough 2,635 ••■• •••A 

Flemington Borough 'g^^ 558 7o2 

Florham Park Borough ^^^^ 232 

Folsom Borough - 288 4,472 

Fort Lee Borough o'262 

Franklin Borough ^'g92 3,233 2,934 

Freehold Town ^'983 984 1,020 

Frenchtown Borough 15 455 10,213 3,504 

Garfield Borough 1642 1,118 .... 

Garwood Borough 4'^53 3 26O 1,960 

Glen Ridge Borough ^'g89 i,055 613 

Glen Rock Borough ^^22^ 9 462 6,840 

Gloucester City -^^'§^2 5,647 3,82o 

Guttenberg Town ^g'856 14,050 9,443 

Hackensack Town 2 976 2,715 2,474 

Hackettstown Town 2*297 1,452 

Haddon Heights Borough A^^j 4;^42 2,776 

Haddonfield Borough 2*890 2,560 

Haledon Borough f '89g 5 088 3,481 

Hammonton Town ^^'843 914 998 

Hampton Borough • ^--, 377 .... 

Harrington Park Borough ggJ^ ^4498 io,596 

Harrison Town • 47 33 39 

Harvey Cedars Borough . 2,155 1,255 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough .... 2,4-4 -,10^ 

Haworth Borough o 999 3 400 2,096 

Hawthorne Borough ^'-g- 661 447 

Helmetta Borough . ^„qq ^ 545 1,377 

High Bridge Borough j^'' -,^5-^7 

Hiihland Park Borough --^^^ ^386 1,228 

Highlands Borough ^'-92 i,879 1,749 

Hightstown Borough 67611 70,324 59,364 

Hoboken City 561 488 ..•• 

Hohokus Borough 234 146 7o 

Hopatcong Borough - 34^ 1 073 980 

Hopewell Borough 20342 11,877 5,225 

Irvington Town • 368 313 316 

Island Heights Borough g^o ^ ^ ^gg 

Jamesburg Borough -^'^^-^ 

""i^me changed from Brigantine City. 



150 STATE CENSUS. 

1915. 

Jersey City 270,903 

Kearney Town 22,150 

Ken il worth Borough 997 

Keyport Borough 4,019 

Lambertville City 4,600 

Laurel Springs Borough 791 

Lavalette Borough 174 

Leonia Borough 2,132 

Linden Borough 1,150 

Lin wood Borough 610 

Little Ferry Borough 2,729 

Lodi Borough 6,379 

Long Branch City 14,565 

Longport Borough 143 

Madison Borough 5,628 

Magnolia Borough 977 

Manasquan Borough 1,817 

Manteloking Borough 50 

Margate City 291 

Matawan Borough 1,771 

Maywood Borough 1,309 

Mendham Borough 1,248 

Merchantville Borough 2,242 

Metuchen Borough 2,692 

Middlesex Borough 1,310 

Midland Park Borough 2,130 

Millstone Borough 154 

Milford Borough 687 

Milltown Borough 1,902 

Millville City 13,307 

Monmouth Beach Borough 652 

Montclair Town 25,029 

Montvale Borough 728 

Moonachie Borough 993 

Morristown Town 13,006 

Mountainside Borough 421 

Mount Arlington Borough 397 

National Park Borough 529 

Neptune City Borough 614 

Netcong Borough 1.68O 

Newark City 366,721 

New Bininswick City 30,019 

New Providence Borough 1,132 

Newton Town 4,433 

North Arlington Borough 1,079 

North Caldwell Borough 664 

Northfield Citv 968 

North Haledon Borough 834 

North Plainfield Borough 6.037 

North Wildwood Borough 1,088 

Norwood Borough 680 

Nutley Town 7,987 

Oakland Borough 628 

f )aklyn Borough 793 

Ocean City 3,721 

Ogdensbarg Borough 600 

Old Tappan Borough 323 

Orange City 29,805 

Palisades Park Borough 2,264 

Park Ridge Borough 1,643 



1910. 


1900. 


267,779 


206,443 


18,659 


10,896 


779 




3,554 


3,413 


4,657 


4,637 


42 


21 


1,486 


804 


610 


402 


602 


495 


2,541 


1,240 


4,138 


1,917 


13,298 


8,872 


118 


80 


4,658 


3,754 


1,582 


1,500 


129 


60 


1,646 


1,511 


889 


536 


1,129 




1,996 


1,608 


2,138 


1,786 


2,001 


1,348 


157 


200 


1,584 


561 


12,451 


10,583 


485 




21,550 


13,962 


522 


416 


638 




12,507 


11,267 


362 


367 


277 


275 


325 




488 


1,009 


1,532 


941 


347,469 


246,070 


23,388 


20,006 


873 


565 


4.467 


4,376 


437 


290 


595 


297 


866 




749 




6,117 


5,009 


833 


.... 


564 


.... 


6,009 


3,682 


568 




653 




1,950 


1,307 


305 


269 


29,630 


24,141 


1,411 


644 


1,401 


870 



STATE CENSUS. 



151 



1915. 

Passaic City 61,225 

Paterson City 124,815 

Paulsboro Borough 2,876 

Pcapacls (Gladstone) Borough . . 1,346 

Pemberton Borough 793 

Pennington Borough 944 

Pennsgrove Borough 4,412 

Perth Amboy City 39,719 

Phillipsburg Town 15,430 

Pitman Borough 2,577 

Plainfield City 24.516 

Pleasantville City 4,663 

Point Pleasant Beach Borough. . 1,204 

Pompton Lakes Borough 1,400 

Port Republic City 422 

Princeton Borough 5,678 

Prospect Park Borough 3,853 

Rahwav City 9,586 

Ramsev Borough 1,973 

Raritan Town 4,028 

Red Bank Borough 8,631 

Ridgefield Borough 1.187 

Riverside Borough 949 

Riverton Borough 2,141 

Rockaway Borough *..... 2,224 

Rocky Hill Borough 470 

Roosevelt Borough 8,049 

Roseland Borough 593 

Roselle Borough 3,823 

Roselle Park Borough 4,327 

Rumson Borough 1,583 

Rutherford Borough 8,347 

Saddle River Borough 555 

Salem City 6,953 

Seabright Borough 1,327 

Sea Isle Citv 955 • 

Seaside Heights Borough 252 

Seaside Park Borough 275 

Secaucus Borough 4.906 

Somers Point City 790 

Somexville Borough 6,038 

South Amboy City 7,482 

South Bound Brook Borough.... 1,108 

South Cape May Borough 19 

South Orange Village 5,866 

South River Borough 6,691 

Spottswood Borough 683 

Spring Lake Borough 1,393 

Stanhope Borough 1,028 

Stockton Borough 613 

Stone Harbor Borough 459 

Summit City 9,136 

Surf Citv Borough 44 

Sussex Borough 1,251 

Swedesboro Borough 1.738 

Tenafly Borough 2,999 

Totowa Borough 1,493 

Trenton City 103,190 

Tuckerton Borough 1,312 

Union Town 21,739 



1910. 


1900. 


54,773 


27,777 


.25,600 


105,171 


2,121 





797 


771 


722 


733 


2,118 


1,826 


32,121 


17,699 


13,903 

1,950 

20,550 


10,052 


15,369 


4,390 


2,182 


1,003 


<46 


1,060 


847 


405 




5,136 


3,899 


2,719 




9,337 


7,935 


1,667 


.... 


3,672 


3,244 


7,398 


5,428 


966 


584 


736 


561 


1,788 


1,332 


1,902 


1,483 


502 


354 


5.786 


.... 


486 


, . 


2,725 


1,652 


3,138 




1,449 


.... 


7.045 


4,411 


483 


415 


6,614 


5,811 


1,220 


1,198 


551 


340 


101 


73 


4,740 


1,626 


604 


308 


5.060 


4.843 


7.007 


6,349 


1,024 


883 


7 


14 


6,014 


4,608 


4,772 


2,792 


623 




853 


526 


1,031 




•605 


590 


7,560 


5,302 


40 


9 


1,212 


1,306 


1,477 


. . . 


2,756 


1,746 


1,130 


562 


96.815 


73,307 


1,268 




21,023 


15,187 



152 



STATE CENSUS. 



1915. 
Tipper Saddle River Borough .... 804 

Ventnor City 1,676 

Verona Borough 2,643 

Vineland Borough 6,531 

Wallington Borough 4,071 

Washington Borough 3,250 

Wenonah Borough 821 

West Caldwell Borough 690 

West Cape May Borough 1,068 

Westfield Town 8,147 

West Hoboken Town 38,776 

West Long BTanch Borough .... 1,065 

West New York Town 22,943 

West Orange Town 13,610 

West Paterson Borough 1,535 

Westville Borough 2,036 

Westwood Borough 2,217 

Wharton Borough 2,591 

Wildwood City* 3,858 

Wildwood Crest Borough 317 

Woodbine Borough 1,869 

Woodbury City 5,288 

Woodbury Heights Borough 339 

Woodcliff Lake Borough 522 

Wood Ridse Borough 1.500 

Woodlyne Borough 878 

Woodstown Borough 1,507 

* Wildwood City was formerly Wildwood 
Holly Beach Borough. 



1910. 


1900. 


273 


826 


491 




1,675 




5,282 


4,370 


3,448 


1,812 


3,567 


3,580 


645 


498 


494 




844 


696 


6,420 




35,403 


23,094 


879 




13,560 


5,267 


10,980 


6,889 


1,870 


'828 


2,983 


2,069 


898 


150 


103 




2,399 




4,642 


4,087 


"470 


329 


1.048 


582 


500 




1,613 


1,371 



Borough and 



STATE CENSUS. 



153 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES, 
SINCE 1790. 



1790. 1800. 1810. 1820. 1830. 1840. 



Atlantic .... 

Bergen 

Burlington . 

Camden 

Cape May... 
Cumberland 

Essex 

Glouce.ster . 

Hudson 

Hunterdon . 

Mercer 

Middlesex . 
Monmouth . 

Morris 

Ocean 

Passaic 

Salem 

Somerset ... 

Sussex 

Union 

Warren 















8726 


12601 


15156 


16603 


18178 


22414 


13190 


18095 


21521 


24979 


28822 


31107 


32809 


'2571 


'3066 


'3632 


'4265 


'4945 


*5324 


8248 


9529 


12670 


12668 


14091 


14322 


17785 


22269 


25894 


30793 


41928 


44512 


13363 


16115 


19744 


23089 


28431 


25509 
9451 


20253 


21261 


24553 


28604 


31066 


24661 
21498 


15956 


17890 


20381 


21470 


23157 


21873 


16918 


19872 


22150 


25038 


29233 


32912 


16216 


17750 


21828 


21368 


23580 


25777 
{6704 


10437 


11371 


12761 


14022 


14155 


16012 


12296 


12815 


14728 


16506, 


17689 


17457 


19500 


22534 


25549 


32752 


20349 


27773 



18634 20342 



Total 184239 211149 245562 277575 320779 372859 

1850. 1860. 1870. 1880. 1890. 1900. 1905. 



Atlantic .... 

Bergen 

Burlington . 
Camden — 
Cape May... 
Cumberland 

Essex 

Gloucester . 

Hudson 

Hunterdon . 

Mercer 

Middlesex . 
Monmouth . 

Morris 

Ocean 

Passaic 

Salem 

Somerset ... 

Sussex 

Union 

Warren 



14708 
43204 
25569 
6432 
17003 
73995 
14653 
21874 
2f)064 
27991 
28671 
30234 
30173 
10043 
22577 
19500 
19f?68 
22990 



Total 



. 22390 
.489703 



11835 


14163 


18704 


28836 


46402 


59862 


21618 


31033 


36786 


47226 


78441 


100003 


49370 


53774 


55402 


58528 


58241 


62042 


34457 


46206 


62942 


87687 


107643 


121555 


7130 


8529 


9768 


11268 


13201 


17390 


22605 


34688 


37687 


45438 


51193 


52110 


98875 


143907 


189929 


256698 


359053 


409928 


18444 


21727 


25886 


2S649 


31905 


34477 


62717 


129288 


187994 


275126 


386048 


449879 


33654 


36961 


38570 


35355 


34507 


33258 


37411 


46470 


58061 


79978 


95365 


110516 


34810 


45057 


52286 


61754 


79762 


97036 


39345 


46316 


55538 


69128 


82057 


87919 


34679 


43161 


E0861 


54101 


65156 


67934 


11176 


12658 


14455 


15974 


19747 


20880 


29013 


46468 


68860 


105046 


155202 


175858 


22458 


23951 


24579 


25151 


25530 


26278 


22057 


23514 


27162 


28311 


32948 


36270 


23845 


23168 


23539 


22259 


24134 


23325 


27780 


41891 


55571 


72467 


99353 


117211 


28834 


34419 


36589 


36553 


37781 


40403 



672073 907149 1131116 1444933 1883669 2144134 



For 1910 population see next page. 



154 STATE CENSUS. 



Popalatlon by Counties, Since 1890. 

1910. 1900. 1890. 

Atlantic 71,894 46,402 28,836 

Bergen 138,002 78,441 47,226 

Burlington 66,565 58,241 58,528 

Camden 142,029 107,643 87,687 

Cape May 19,745 13,201 11,268 

Cumberland 55,153 51,193 45,438 

Essex 512,886 359,053 256,098 

Gloucester 37,368 31,905 28,649 

Hudson 537,231 386,048 275,126 

Hunterdon 33,569 34,507 35,355 

Mercer 125,657 95,365 79,978 

Middlesex 114,426 79,762 61,754 

Monmouth 94,734 82,057 69,128 

Morris 74,704 65,156 54.101 

Ocean 21,318 19,747 15,974 

Passaic 215,902 155,202 105,046 

Salem 26.999 25.530 25,151 

Somerset 38,820 32,948 28.311 

Sussex 26,781 24,134 22,259 

Union 140,197 99,353 72,467 

Warren 43,187 37,781 36,553 

The State 2,537,167 1,883,669 1,444,933 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, POPULATION BY COUNTIES. 

In- De- 

1910. 1915. crease, crease, 

Atlantic 71,894 82,840 10,946 

Bergen 138,002 178.596 40,594 

Burlington 66,565 74,737 8,172 

Camden 142,029 163,221 21,192 

Cape May 19,745 24.407 4,662 

Cumberland 55.153 59.481 4.328 

Essex 512,886 566,324 53,438 

Gloucester 37,368 43.587 6.219 

Hudson 537,231 571.371 34,140 

Hunterdon 33,569 34.697 1,128 

Mercer 125,657 139,812 14.155 

Middlesex 114,426 144.716 30.290 

Monmouth 94,734 107,636 12.902 

Morris 74,704 81.514 6.810 

Ocean 21.318 23.011 1,693 

Passaic 215.902 236.364 20,462- 

Salem 26.999 30,292 3,293 

Somerset 38,820 44.123 5,303 

Sussex 26,781 25,977 804 

Union 140.197 167.322 27,125 

Warren 43,187 44,314 1,127 



2,537,167 2,844,342 307,979 

Net increase, 307,175. 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



155 



POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES-1910. 
STATES. 1910. 1600. Increase. P.O. 

The U. S. (exclusive of 77,056,680 16,145,521 20.9 

Philippines) 01972 268 75 994.575 15,977.691 21.0 

continental U. S ^2138,093 1,828' 697 309,396 16.9 

Alabama oM^nA 122,931 81,423 66.2 

Arizona i^^i'ut 1,311564 262,885 20.0 

Arkansas 2 377 549 1485 053 892,496 60.1 

California ^•?99 024 539.700 259,324 48.0 

Colorado 1 ii4 750 908,420 206,336 22.7 

Connecticut ^'2^2,322 184:735 17.587 9.5 

Delaware ••••••••,• 9^1069 278,718 52.351 18.8 

District of Columbia 331.0by , 222.597 42.4 

Florida 2 609 121 2.216 331 392.790 17.7 

Georgia ; ; 2.609;121 , ^ I.3 

Idaho 5 638 591 4,821.550 81., 041 16.9 

Illinois 2 700 878 2.516.462 184,414 7.3 

Indiana 2 224 771 2.231, 8.=>3 '''OSS •0.3 

Iowa • t;lfo:949 1.470,495 220,454 15.0 

Kansas 2 289 905 2,147,174 142,731 6.6 

Kentucky 1650 388 1.381,625 274, .63 19.9 

Louisiana 742 371 694,466 47,905 6.9 

Maine 1295 348 1.188,044 l^H-^ y^n 

Maryland S 366 416 2.805,346 561.0.0 20.0 

Massachusetts liTo'l^l 2,420,982 389,191 16.1 

SSSr..::::::::::::::::3fe 3,io6.8g . ; 

Srz;-v;.;:::::::::i.i-- i.o66.3| i|| j; 

Nevada 430 572 411.588 If'^f^ ot? 

New Hampshire 2 537 179 1,883.669 6o3.510 34.7 

New Jersey ^327 301 195.310 131.991 67.5 

New Mexico 9 113 279 7,268.894 l-f^^-^S^ ^5.4 

New York 2 206 287 1.893.810 3,124.477 16.5 

North Carolina ^'577:056 319.146 2o7.910 80.8 

North Dakota 4 767 121 4,157.545 609.5.6 14.7 

Ohio 1.657 155 790.391 866.764 109.7 

Oklahoma ; ; • ; ''672 765 ^ 413.536 259.2.9 62 7 

Oregon 7 665 111 6.302.115 1.3«f;?'^ So « 

Pennsylvania V5426IO 428.556 114.054 28.6 

Rhode Island 1.515 400 1.340.316 1 .5.084 13.1 

South Carolina 583 888 401. .=170 J^^SIS *o.% 

South Dakota 2,184789 2.020,616 164.173 8.1 

Tennessee ; ; ; ; ; ^896.542 3.048.710 847 83 iT .s 

Texas 373.351 2.6.749 90.ou^ 

Utah 355,956 343.641 l^'^io n 2 

Vermont « 061 612 1.854.184 207.428 11.^ 

Virginia 1 ?4l 990 518. 103 623.887 120.4 

Washington 5 221 119 958,800 262.3 9 27 4 

West Virginia i ! ; ! ! 2 Iss'.SeO 2.069,042 264.818 12.T 

Wisconsin 154.145 92,531 oi.oi.* 

Wyoming 64,356 ^3.592 -7 AAq *..'.. 

Alaska 191909 154.001 37,908 •• 

Hawaii 1118,012 953.243 ••• ; 

Porto Rico ^'^^ ' .. 91.219 

Military and Naval 

• Decrease. 



156 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



CITIES OF OVEE 100,000 POPULATION. 

Population. P. 0. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. increase. 

Albany, N. Y 100,253 94.151 8.5 

Atlanta, Ga 154,839 89.872 72.3 

Baltimore, Md 558,485 508.957 9.7 

Birmingham, Ala 132,685 38,415 245.4 

Boston, Mass 670.585 560.892 19.6 

Bridgeport. Conn 102.054 70.996 43.7 

Buffalo. N. Y 423.715 352,387 20.2 

Cambridge. Mass 104.839 91,886 14.1 

Chicago, 111 2,185.283 1,698.575 28.7 

Cincinnati, Ohio 364.463 325.902 11.8 

CleTeland, Ohio 660,663 381,768 46.9 

Columbus, Ohio 181,548 125.560 44.6 

Dayton, Ohio 116.577 85.333 86.6 

Denver, Col 213.381 133.859 59.4 

Detroit, Mich 465,766 285.704 63.0 

Fall River, Mass 119,295 104,863 13.8 

Grand Rapids, Mich 112,571 87.565 28.0 

Indianapolis, Ind 233,650 169.164 38.1 

Jersey City, N. J 267.779 206.433 29.7 

Kansas City, Mo 248.381 163.752 51.7 

Los Angeles. Cal 319.198 102,479 211.5 

Louisville. Ky 223,928 204,731 9.4 

Lowell. Mass 106.294 94.969 11.9 

Memphis, Tenn 131.105 102.320 28.1 

Milwaukee. Wis 373.857 285,315 31.0 

Minneapolis. Minn 301,408 202.718 48.7 

Nashville. Tenn 110.364 80.865 36.5 

Newark. N. J 347,469 246,070 41.2 

New Haven, Conn 133,605 108,027 23.7 

New Orleans, La 339,075 287,104 18.1 

New York, N. Y 4,766,883 3,437,202 38.7 

Oakland, Cal 150,174 66,960 124.3 

Omaha, Neb 124,096 102.555 21.0 

Paterson, N. J 125,600 105.171 19.4 

Philadelphia, Penn 1,549.008 1,293,697 19.7 

Pittsburg, Penn 533.905 451.512 18.2 

Portland, Ore 207,214 90,426 66.7 

Providence, R. 1 224.326 175.597 27.8 

Richmond. Va 127.628 85.050 50.1 

Rochester, N. Y 218,149 162,608 34.2 

St. Louis, Mo 687,029 575,238 19.4 

St. Paul, Minn 214,744 163,065 31.7 

San Francisco. Cal 416.912 342.782 21.6 

Scranton. Penn 129.867 102,026 27.3 

Seattle. Wash 237.194 80.671 194.0 

Spokane. Wash 104.402 36,848 188.3 

Syracuse, N. Y 137,249 108,374 26.6 

Toledo. Ohio 168,497 131,822 27.8 

Washington, D. C 331,069 278,718 18.8 

Worcester. Mass 145.986 118.421 23.3 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 157 



CITIES OF FROM 25,000 TO 100,000 POPULATION. 

Population. P. 0. of 

Cities. 1910. 1900. Increase. 

Akron, Ohio 69,067 42,728 61.8 

Allentown. Pa 51,913 35.416 46.6 

Altoona, Pa 52,127 38,973 33.8 

Amsterdam, N. Y 31,267 20,929 49.4 

Atlantic City, N. J 46,150 27,838 65.8 

Auburn, N. Y 34,668 30,345 14.2 

Augusta, Ga 41,040 89,441 4.1 

Aurora. Ill 29.807 24,147 23.4 

Austin. Tex 29,860 22,258 34.2 

Battle Creek. Mlcli 25,267 18,563 36.1 

Bay City, Mich 45,166 27,628 63.5 

Bayonne, N. J 55,545 32,722 69.7 

Berkeley, Cal 40,434 13,214 206.0 

Binghamton, N. Y 48,443 39.647 22.2 

Bloomington, 111 25,768 23,286 10.7 

Brockton, Mass 56,878 40,063 42.0 

Brookline, Mass 27,792 19,935 39.4 

Butte, Mont 39,165 30,470 28.5 

Camden. N. J 94,538 75,935 24.5 

Canton, Ohio 50,217 30,667 63.7 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 32,811 25,656 27.9 

Charleston, S. C 58,833 55,807 5.4 

Charlotte, N. C 34.014 18,091 88.0 

Chattanooga, Tenn 44.604 30,154 47.9 

Chelsea, Mass 32,452 34,072 '4.8 

Chester. Pa 38,537 33,988 13.4 

Chicopee, Mass 25,401 19,167 32.5 

Clinton, Iowa 25.577 22.698 12.7 

Colorado Springs. Col 29,078 21,085 37.8 

Columbia, S. C 26.319 21.108 24.7 

Council Bluffs. Iowa 29,292 25.802 13.5 

CoTington, Ky 53.270 42.938 24.1 

Dallas, Tex 92,104 42,638 116.0 

Danville, 111 27,871 16.354 70.4 

Dayenport, Iowa 43.028 35.254 22.1 

Decatur, 111 31.140 20.754 50.0 

Des Moines, Iowa 86,368 62,139 89.0 

Dubuque, Iowa 38,494 36.297 6.1 

Duluth, Minn 78,466 52,969 48.1 

Easton. Pa 28,523 25.238 13.0 

East Orange, N. J 34,371 21,506 59.8 

East St. Louis, 111 58.547 29,655 97. 4 

Elgin 111 25,976 22.433 Id. 8 

Elizabeth, N. J 73.409 52,130 40.8 

Elmira, N. Y 37.176 35.672 4.2 

El Paso Tex 39,279 15.908 146.9 

Erie Pa 66,525 52,783 26.2 

EvansTllle. Ind 69,647 59.007 18.0 

Everett. Mass 33.484 24.3-36 37.6 

Fitchburg. Mass 37,826 31,531 20.0 

Flint Mich 38.550 13,103 194.2 

Fort'wavne. Ind 63,933 45,115 41.7 

Fort Worth, Tex 73.312 26,688 174.7 

Galveston, Tex 36.981 37,789 '^.l 

Green Bay, Wis 25.236 18.684 35.1 

Hamilton, Ohio 35,279 1M.914 47.8 

Harrlsburg, Pa 64,186 50.167 27.» 

* Decrease. 



158 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



Popolatlon 
Cities. 1910. 

Hartford, Conn 08,915 

Haverhill, Mass 44,115 

Hazleton, Pa 25,452 

Hoboken, N. J 70.324 

Holyoke, Mass 57,730 

Houston, Tex 78,800 

Huntington. W. Va 81,101 

Jackson, Mich 31,433 

Jacksonville, Fla 57,699 

Jamestown, N. 1' 31,297 

Johnstown, Pa 55.482 

Jollet, 111 34,070 

Joplln, Mo 32,073 

Kalamazoo, Mich 39,437 

Kansas City, Kan 82,331 

Kingston, N. Y 25.908 

Knoxvllle, Tenn 36.346 

Lacrosse, Wis 30,417 

Lancaster, Pa 47,227 

Lansing. Mich 31,229 

Lawrence, Mass 85.892 

Lewiston, Me 26,247 

Lexington, Ky 35.099 

Lima, Ohio 30,508 

Lincoln. Neb 43,973 

Little Rock. Ark 45.941 

Lorain. Ohio 28.833 

Lynchburg, Va 29,494 

Lynn. Mass 89,336 

Macon, Ga 40,605 

McKeesport. Pa 42,694 

Madison, Wis 25.531 

Maiden, Mass 44,404 

Manchester, N. H 70.003 

Merlden, Conn 27,265 

Mobile, Ala 51,521 

Montgomery. Ala 38.136 

Mount Vernon. N. Y 30.919 

Muskogee. Okla 25.278 

Nashua. N. H 26,005 

Newark, Ohio 25.404 

New Bedford, Mass 96.652 

New Britain. Conn 43.916 

Newburgh, N. Y 27,805 

Newcastle, Pa 30,280 

Newport, Ky 30,309 

Newport. R. 1 27.149 

New Rochelle, N. Y 28,807 

Newton, Mass 39.806 

Niagara Falls. N. Y 30.445 

Norfolk. Va 67,452 

Norrlstown, Pa 27.875 

Oklahoma City, Okla 64.205 

Orange, N. J 29.630 

Oshkosh, Wis 33.062 

Pasadena, Cal 80,291 

Passaic, N. J 54,773 

Pawtucket, R. 1 51.622 

Peoria, 111 66.950 

Perth Amboy. N. J 32,121 

Pittsfleld, Mass 82,121 



an. P 


. 0. of 


1900. Increase. 


79,850 


28.0 


37,175 


18.7 


14,230 


78.9 


59.304 


18.C 


45,712 


26.3 


44,633 


76.6 


11,923 


161.4 


25,180 


24.8 


28,429 


103.0 


22,892 


36.7 


35,938 


54.4 


29,353 


18.1 


26,023 


23.2 


24,404 


61.6 


51,418 


60.1 


24,535 


5.6 


32,037 


11.4 


28.895 


5.3 


41,459 


13.9 


16,485 


89.4 


62,559 


37.3 


23,761 


10.5 


26,369 


33.1 


21,723 


40.4 


40.169 


9.5 


38,307 


19.9 


16,028 


80.2 


18,891 


56.1 


68.513 


30.4 


23.272 


74.7 


34,227 


24.7 


19.164 


33.2 


33.664 


31.9 


56.987 


22.9 


24,296 


12.2 


38,496 


33.9 


30.346 


25.7 


21,228 


45.7 


4,254 


494.2 


23,898 


8.8 


18,157 


39.9 


62,442 


54.8 


25,998 


68.9 


24.943 


11.5 


28.339 


28.0 


28,301 


7.1 


22.441 


21.0 


14,720 


98.1 


33.587 


18.5 


19.457 


50.5 


46,624 


44.7 


22.265 


25.2 


10.037 


539.7 


24.141 


22.7 


28.284 


16.9 


9,117 


232.2 


27,777 


97.2 


39.231 


31.8 


56.100 


19.3 


17,699 


81.5 


21,766 


47.0 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 

Population 

Cities. 1910. 

Portland, Me 58,571 

Portsmouth, Va 33,190 

Poughkeepsle, N. Y 27,936 

Pueblo, Col 44,395 

Quincy, 111 36,587 

Quincy, Mass 32,642 

Racine, Wis 88,002 

Reading, Pa 96,071 

Roanoke, Va 34,874 

Rockford, 111 45,401 

Sacramento, Cal 44,696 

Saginaw, Mich 50,510 

St. Joseph, Mo 77,403 

Salem, Mass 43.G97 

Salt Lake City, Utah 92,777 

San Antonio, Tex 96,614 

San Diego, Cal 39,578 

San Jose, Cal 28,946 

Savannah, Ga 65,064 

Schenectady, N. Y 72.826 

Sheboygan, Wis 26,398 

Shenandoah, Pa 25,774 

Shreveport, La 28,015 

Sioux City, Iowa 47,828 

Somerville, Mass 77,236 

South Bend, Ind 53,684 

South Omaha. Neb 26,259 

Springfield, 111 51,678 

Springfield, Mass 88.926 

Springfield, Mo 35,201 

Springfield, Ohio 46.921 

Stamford, Conn 25. 138 

Superior, Wis 40,384 

Tacoma, Wash 83,743 

Tampa, Fla 37,782 

Taunton, Mass 34.259 

Terre Haute, Ind 58.157 

Topeka, Kan 43.684 

Trenton. N. J 96.815 

Troy. N. Y 76,813 

Utlca, N. Y 74,419 

Waco, Tex 26,425 

Waltham, Mass 27.834 

Warwick, R. 1 26.629 

Waterbury, Conn 73. 141 

Waterloo, Iowa 26.693 

Watertown, N. Y 26,730 

West Hoboken, N. J 35,403 

Wheeling, W. Va 41.641 

Wichita. Kan 52,430 

Wllkes-Barre, Pa 67. 105 

Wnilamsport, Pa 31.860 

Wilmington, Del 87,411 

Wilmington, N. C 25,748 

Woonsocket, R. 1 38, 125 

Yonkers, N. Y 79.803 

York. Pa 44,750 

Youngstown, Ohio 79.068 

ZanesTllle, Ohio 28,026 



:Ion. 


P. C. of 


1900. Increase. 


50,145 


16.8 


17.427 


90.5 


24,029 


16.3 


28,157 


57.7 


36.252 


0.9 


23,899 


30.0 


29.102 


30.6 


78.961 


21.7 


21,495 


62.2 


31,051 


46.2 


29,282 


52.6 


42.345 


19.3 


102,979 


•24.8 


35,956 


21.3 


53.531 


73.3 


53,321 


81.2 


17.700 


123.8 


21.500 


34.6 


54,244 


19.9 


31.682 


129.9 


22,962 


15.0 


20,321 


26.8 


16,013 


75.0 


33.111 


44.4 


61,643 


25.3 


35,999 


49.1 


26,001 


1.0 


34.159 


51.3 


62,059 


43.3 


23,267 


51.3 


38.253 


22.7 


15.997 


57.1 


31,091 


29.9 


37,714 


122.0 


15,839 


138.5. 


31,036 


10.4 


36,673 


52.8 


33.608 


30.0 


73.307 


32.1 


60,651 


26.0 


56,383 


32.0 


20.686 


27.7 


23,481 


18.5 


21.316 


24.9 


45.859 


59.5 


12,580 


112.2 


21,696 


23.2 


23.094 


53.3 


38.878 


7.1 


24,671 


112.6 


51,721 


29.7 


28.757 


10.8 


76.508 


14.8 


20.976 


22.7 


28,204 


38.7 


47,931 


66.5 


33.708 


32.8 


44,885 


76.2 


23,538 


19.1 



* Decr«as«. 



160 PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS. 1916. 



PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS, 191 6. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



For President, Woodrow Wilson, New Jersey; for 
Vice-President, Thomas Riley Marshall, Indiana. 

Presidential Electors — James F. Fielder, John W. 
Wescott, Joseph E. Nowrey, John S. Ware, Laurance 
Runyon, Richard Stockton, Dennis F. Collins, John A. 
Wildrick, Nathan Barnert, George H. Lambert, 
Frederick Seymour, T. Albeus Adams, Frank H. Eck- 
ert, Thomas J. Maloney. 



REPUBLICAN. 

For President, Charles Evans Hug-hes, New York; 
for Vice-President, Charles Warren Fairbanks, In- 
diana. 

Presidential Electors — F. Wayland Ayer, Austen 
Colgate, Norman Grey, F. Wallis Armstrong, Lewis S. 
Thompson, Moses Taylor Pyne, Richard H. Williams, 
Daniel E. Pomeroy, Peter Quackenbush, DeWitt Van 
^Buskirk, Manton B. Metcalf, W. I. Lincoln Adams, 
George L. Record, George C. Warren, Jr. 



NATIONAL PROHIBITION. 

For President, J. Frank Hanly, Indiana; for Vice- 
President, Ira Landrith, Tennessee. 

Presidential Electors — Theodore F. Crane, Robert 
Bruce Crowell, Grafton E. Day, Charles C. Dempsey, 
Augustus J. Smith, James Gilbert Mason, Silvanus 
Gordon, Henry M. Dutt, James G. Patton, Alfred H. 
Edgerley, William L. Jones, Stephen D. Riddle, Ulys- 
ses S. Knox, James Parker. 



SOCIALIST. 

For President, Allan L. Benson, New York; for Vice- 
President, G. R. Kirkpatrick, New Jersey. 



PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS, 1916. 161 

Presidential Electors — Charles Buickerood, Archi- 
bald G. Craig-, Walter Krusen, Frank A. Rinehart, Sam 
W. Hoke, William H. Derrick, Charles De Yonker, 
Orrie W. Flavelle, Fredk. C. Finch, John Frackenpohl, 
Emanuel Hartig, Florence D. Greiner, Henry Petzolt, 
William Kamps. 

SOCIALIST-LABOR. 

For President, Arthur E. Reimer; for Vice-Presi- 
dent, Caleb Harrison. 

Presidential Electors — Herman Landgraf, John 
Ernst, Paul Eberding-, Michael D. Fitzgerald, John 
Reese, James Thomas Phillips, William J. Carroll, 
Bernard Burgholz, Charles G. Sandberg-, Rudolph Katz, 
Anders H. Lyzell, Russell Palmer, George T. Lewis, 
Harry Oakes. 



DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL, DELEGATES, 1916. 

At a primary election held throughout the State on 
April 25th, 1916, the delegates chosen to the Demo- 
cratic National Convention, which was opened at St. 
Louis on June 14th, were as follows: 

At Large — Governor James F. Fielder, Edward E. 
Grosscup, Senator William Hughes, Thomas J. Scully. 

Alternates — Richard Stockton, William A. Logue, 
Robert D. Foote, Johnston Cornish. 

First District — John W. Wescott, Ralph W. E. 
Donges. 

Second — William L. Black, William Myers. 

Third — Charles F. McDonald, Chester A. Grant. 

Fourth — George F. Martens, Jr., Robert A. Messier. 

Fifth — William E. Tuttle, Jr., Walter V. Messier. 

Sixth — Robert T. Johnson, Walter W. Vick. 

Seventh — John Boylan, Louis V. Hinchliffe. 

Eighth — J. Harry Ertle, Richard Stockton. 

Ninth — Charles F. Herr, Edward F. Anderson. 

Tenth — James R. Nugent, Dallas Flanagan. 

Eleventh — Patrick R. Griffin, Frank Hague. 

Twelfth — James A. Hamill, John J. Treacy. 
11 



162 PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS, 1916. 



REPUBLICAN NATIONAL. DELEGATES, lOlG. 

At the primary election held throughout the State 
on April 25th, 1916, the delegates chosen to the Re- 
publican Convention, which was opened at Chicago 
on June 7th, were as follows: 

At Large — David Baird, Newton A. K. Bugbee, 
Hamilton F. Kean, Ira A. Kip, Jr. 

Alternates — Pierre F, Garven, Myron W. Robinson, 
Bloomfield H. Minch, G. Ledyard Blair. 

First District — Geo. W. F. Gaunt, Lucius E. Hires. 

Second — W. F. Cozart, Harry L. Knight. 

Third — James W. Johnson, Lewis S. Thompson. 

Fourth — Ogden H. Hammond, Alfred K. Leuckel. 

Fifth — Ernest R. Ackerman, William F. Redmond. 

Sixth — Daniel E. Pomeroy, John I. Blair Reiley. 

Seventh — William Barbour, William I. Lewis. 

Eighth — Henry M. Doremus, Horace Roberson. 

Ninth — Manton B. Metcalf, William A. Lord. 

Tenth — Thomas L. Raymond, Frederick E. Kip. 

Eleventh — Edward C. Brennan, John M. Rehm. 

Twelfth — John A. Blair, John Headden. 



GOVERNOR-SENATOR PRIMARY. 



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164 STATE COMMITTEES. 



STATE COMIVIITTEES. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



Headquarters, Trenton. 

Chairman, Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah ; VlcerCbair- 
man, Eugene F. Kinkead, Jersey City ; Treasurer, Dennis 
F, Collins, Elizabeth ; Secretary, William L. Dill, Paterson ; 
Assistant Secretary, Laurant J. Tonnelle, Jersey City. 

Atlantic — John T. French, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Archibald C. Halt, Hackensack. 

Burlington — Richard P, Hughes, Florence. 

Camden — Joseph E. Nowrey, Camden. 

Cape May — William W. Campbell, Ocean City. 

Cumberland — George Hampton, Bridgeton. 

Essex — James R. Nugent, Newark. 

Gloucester — Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah. 

Hudson — Eugene F. Kinkead, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — George F. Martens, New Germantown. 

Mercer — Joseph S. Hofif, Princeton. 

Middlesex — Thomas J. Scully, South Amboy. 

Monmouth — Charles F. McDonald, Englishtown. 

Morris — Elmer King, Morristown. 

Ocean — Alexander J. Dunn, Lakewood. 

Passaic — Andrew F. McBride, Paterson. 

Salem — Charles F. Pancoast, Salem. 

Somerset — Jacob Shurts, Somerville. 

Sussex — Lewis S. Iliff, Newton. 

Union— Dennis F. Collins, Elizabeth. 

Warren — Johnston Cornish, Washington. 

Executive Committee — Thomas J. Scully, .James R. 
Nugent, Archibald C. Hart, Charles F. MacDonald, Jacob 
Shurts. 

Finance Committee — Dennis F. Collins, Johnston Cornish, 
Eugene F. Kinkead, Joseph S. Hoff, Elmer King. 



REPUBLICAN. 

Headquarters, Trenton. 

Chairman, Newton A. K. Bugbee, Trenton ; Vice-Chair- 
man, George F. Wright, Paterson ; Treasurer, Benedict 
Prieth, Newark ; Secretary, William H. Albright, Wood- 
bury or Camden. 

Atlantic — Albert H. Darnell, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Alfred Gramlich, Woodridge. 

Burlington — Henry P. Thorn, Medford. 

Camden — David Baird, Camden. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 165 

Cape May — CJiaiies C. Bohm, Cold Spring. 

Cumberland — Edward C. Stokes, Millvllle. 

Essex — Ira A. Kip, Jr., Newark. 

Gloucester — William. H. Albright, Woodbury. 

Hudson — Charles V. Finch, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — Ellsworth P. Baylor, Hampton. 

Mercer — Newton A. K. Bugbee, Trenton. 

Middlesex — Alfred S. March, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth — C. Asa Francis, Long Branch. 

Morris — Daniel S. Voorhees, Morristown. 

Ocean — W. Scott Jackson, Toms River. 

Passaic — George F. Wright, Paterson. 

Salem — D. Harris Smith, Salem. 

Somerset — William P. Bowman, Somerville. 

Sussex — Henry C. Hunt, Newton. 

Union — Hamilton F. Kean, Elizabeth, 

Warren — Arthur Taylor, Phillipsburg. 

Executive Committee — Newton A. K. Bugbee, Alfred S. 
March, George F. Wright, Hamilton Kean, David Baird, 
Edward C. Stokes. 



166 COUNTY COMMITTEES. 

CHAIRMEN OF COUNTY 
COMMITTEES. 



DEMOCRATIC. 



Atlantic — Harry Lovett, Pleasantville. 

Bergen — J. Wesley Voorhees, Hackensack. 

Burlington — William H. Absalom, Florence. 

Camden- — Samuel T. French, Camden. 

Cape May — Edward O. Howell, Jr., Avalon. 

Cumberland — Frederick Bugbee, Vineland. 

Essex — T. Albeus Adams, Montclair. 

Gloucester — John Hobday, Woodbury. 

Hudson — John J. McGovern, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon — Erastus W. Sutton, Lebanon. 

Mercer — Joseph. S. Hoff, Princeton. 

Middlesex — Thomas H. Haggerty, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth — John Walter Taylor, Asbury Park. 

Morris — Samuel Brant, Madison. 

Ocean — Alfred F. Holman, Point Pleasant. 

Passaic — Bernard L. Stafford, Paterson. 

Salem — Alfred D. Mitchell, Salem. 

Somerset — William Prout, Bernardsville. 

Sussex— Robert T. Johnson, Newark. 

Union — Martin P. O'Connor, Elizabeth. 

Warren — F. J. Alpaugh, Phillipsburg. 

REPUBLICAN. 
Atlantic — James Lewis O'Donnell, Hammonton. 
Bergen — Henry J. Westbrook, Midland Park. 
Burlington — Joseph. L. Thomas, Cinnaminson. 
Camden — Harry Reeves, Camden. 
Cape May— Charles L. Brownmiller, Cape May. 
Cumberland — Ferdinand R. Jones, Millville. 
Essex — Herbert W. Taylor, Newark. 
Gloucester— Francis B. Davis, Woodbury. 
Hunterdon — Arthur F. Foran. Flemington. 
Hudson — A. L. Wilson, Hoboken. 
Mercer — James H. Mulheron, Trenton. 
Middlesex — John Pfeiffer. Maurer. 
Monmouth — E. I. Vanderveer, Freehold. 
Morris — William F. Redmond. Madison. 
Ocean — U. S. Grant, Toms River. 
Passaic — Frederick W. Van Blarcom, Paterson. 
Salem — D. Harris Smith, Salem. 

Somerset — Edward E. Cooper, R. F. D. 3, Plainfield. 
Sussex — Lewis Van Blarcom, Newton. 
Union — William N. Newcorn. Plainfield. 
Warren — Arthur Knowles, Phillipsburg. 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 167 

PARTY PLATFORMS. 



DEMOCRATIC. 

(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton, October 
3d, 1916, and presided over by State Senator Henry Elijah 
Ackerson, Jr., of Monmouth county.) 

We, the members of the Democratic State Convention, held 
October 3d, 1916, composed of delegates chosen by Demo- 
cratic voters at open primaries, as provided by law, hereby 
adopt the following preamble and platform, and pledge to 
it the support of our candidates for Governor, the Senate, 
and the General Assembly : 

We unanimously urge the re-election of President Wood- 
row Wilson. Amidst world war, devastation and reaction he 
has kept America unentangled for the reconstruction which 
must follow. He has maintained peace under terrible dif- 
ficulties. He has achieved that peace, filled with prosperity 
and opportunity, by methods so true to American tradition 
that his opponents cannot or dare not suggest a substitute. 
He has held at bay the force of militarism, empire and con- 
quest, laid the foundations of lasting peace in Mexico on the 
self-government of the Mexican people, and has proved to 
the Republic of this hemisphere that a free people has the 
courage and patience of friendship ; that the power of the 
United States is not for sale, nor is it controlled by race 
prejudice and national hatred. 

Under his leadership the Democratic Congress shook itself 
free of the lobby and the special interests, and carried into 
practical effect constructive legislation, so comprehensive, so 
sound, so good, that all fair-minded people are filled with ad- 
miration. 

We assert that the President's record would justify his 
re-election at any time, and that his Republican opponent, 
by his campaign of evasion and timidity, would deserve de- 
feat at any time. These are. more than ordinary times, and 
we appeal to the conscience of the voters to decide whether 
they dare disorganize the Government now, reverse its policy, 
and upset an administration which has carried the nation 
peacefully and prosperously thus far through the greatest 
war in history. We ask the voters whether a man tested 
and enriched by experience should be displaced by a man 
who was nominated without stating his views and who has 
talked now for three months without explaining them. 



168 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

We commend to the people of the State of New Jersey 
the administration of Governor James F. Fielder. The 
splendid devotion to duty in the interests of the people 
which has marked his administration in the office of Governor 
has demonstrated the wisdom of their choice. We call at- 
tention to the fact that under his administration laws have 
been enacted increasing the revenue of the State by a fairly 
graduated tax upon the estates of deceased persons ; local 
revenues have been enhanced by a reasonable bank stock tax ; 
modern methods in the care and employment of inmates of 
our penal institutions have been established ; prompt and 
effective measures were taken to stamp out the hoof and 
mouth disease in cattle ; a simplified method for the con- 
duct of proceedings in the Chancery Court has been adopted ; 
the pure food laws strengthened ; cities were empowered to 
conduct public markets ; a system of traffic regulations uni- 
form throughout the State was devised ; the welfare of 
women, children and operatives in workshops and factories 
was safeguarded ; the Grade Crossing Law. which bears his 
name, has been upheld by the courts after long litigation, 
and will bring about the elimination of the death traps in 
the State. 

The Economy and Efficiency measures for which great im- 
provement in State government was claimed, including a 
reduction in cost of administration of upward of $100,000, 
will not justify such claims. The bills recommended by the 
Economy and Efficiency Commission were amended and al- 
tered by the last Republican Legislature, and their enforce- 
ment will, during the next fiscal year, cost the State an 
increased expense of $90,000 over the preceding year, and 
up to this time no efficiency in administration of the depart- 
ments consolidated can be pointed out by their sponsors. 

Our Democratic administration increased the State's reve- 
nues to meet the needs of departments and institutions by 
the enactment, in 1914, of the Direct Inheritance Tax Law. 
This act added to the taxation on wealth owned by non- 
residents in this State. The revenue from this source alone 
amounts to $1,750,000 in hand and in bank in 1916 
(ten months to date), as against $243,645.90 in 1911, an 
increase of over $1,500,000. 

We have established the closest supervision over State 
expenditures by the enactment of the Requisition act in 1914. 
By this law we have provided a method whereby the State's 
business has been placed on a business footing. We have 
made it possible for the State's financial officers to advise 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 169 

the people of the exact condition of the treasury. In 1915 
there was a clear balance, over liabilities, of upwards of 
$400,000. We shall show for 1916 a clear balance, over all 
liabilities, of upwards of $2,000,000. 

The so-called Budget act enacted in 1916 is merely a 
development of the Requisition act of 1914. This is likewise 
true of the Purchase act. The way for.both was cleared by 
the Requisition act. 

We have wiped out the floating indebtedness of the State 
created by the vicious overdraft system which was nurtured 
by the preceding Republican administrations. We have met 
all of the State's obligations in full, unlike the Republican 
administration, which, to show a large treasury balance, 
deliberately deferred the payment of school moneys to the 
counties when due ; we have prevented the imposition of a 
State tax for current needs and expenses ; we shall present 
the State government to the succeeding administration with 
a large cash surplus instead of a deficiency of upwards of 
$1,200,000 which was the situation under the last Republican 
administration. This was accomplished notwithstanding in- 
creased appropriations to many departments. 

Republicans with full control of the Legislature in both 
Houses made certain specific platform pledges which they 
failed to put into execution. For example : 

Assembly districts were promised, but this popular plan 
was deliberately defeated at the dictation of the party bosses 
in the legislative chambers. 

The Republican Platform of a year ago, among other 
promises, pledged its party to protect the labor interests of 
the State, but the records show that not a single measure 
in the interests of labor was passed by the last Legislature 
controlled in both Houses by that party. Promises were 
made that the '"Workmen's Compensation Law"' would be 
strengthened, but notwithstanding the strenuous efforts of 
the Democratic members of the Senate, bills intended for 
that purpose were buried in committee and were never even 
considered on the floor of that body. We favor a revision 
of this law in the light of the experience of other States, 
so that it may conform to the standard recently adopted in 
the Federal legislation. 

While we have to some extent simplified our municipal 
governments, no substantial progress has been made toward 
reassembling the executive powers of the State in the hands 
of the Governor elected by the people and responsible to 
them. This work must be done during the next three years. 



170 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

At present, two-thirds of the State's revenues are expended 
by boards and commissions which are not directly responsible 
to the Governor, which have overlapping terms, conflicting 
duties, and necessarily do not co-ordinato with the Governor. 
All executive power should be exercised by the executive as 
the constitution directs, and he should be held responsible 
for economy and effioiency. 

For the protection of the child workers of the State we 
propose passing a law defining the term factory as applied 
to places where these children work, so that it will be im- 
possible for children to carry on work in tenement houses. 
This is rendered necessary by the stringent law of New 
York along these lines which may cause the moving of such 
work across the river. New Jersey children must be pro- 
tected. 

We re-afflrm the principle enunciated by the last Demo- 
cratic Congress in Section 6 of the Clayton act, "That the 
labor power of the human being is not a commodity or article 
of commerce." Labor produces commodities but it is not a 
commodity itself. 

Therefore, we pledge the enactment of a law forbidding 
the issuance of injunctions in labor disputes where no prop- 
erty right is involved other than the property right claimed 
in the labor power of the human being, and to establish the 
principle of a jury trial in all injunction and contempt cases. 

Our State and county roads have failed to meet the needs 
of the day owing to the great and growing burden which 
has been flung upon them by the invention and growing use 
of heavy motor vehicles for transportation. They must all 
be rebuilt on a better and more substantial basis, just as 
the stCcim roads were some thirty years ago. and provision 
must be made for their proper upkeep. Whether or not 
this great work shall be begun under the Egan Road law, 
passed last winter, is for the people to decide at the coming 
referendum election, but that it must be started under some 
comprehensive statute, and continued until wide and en- 
during highways shall replace the inadequate passageway in 
all parts of the State, admits of no doubt. No other problem 
of equal importance with this confronts the people of New 
Jersey. We pledge our candidates for Governor and the 
Legislature to its solution. 

We favor the early abolition of all toll roads and toll 
bridges within the confines of this State and with adjoining 
States, and pledge the Democratic Party to accomplish this 
result. 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 171 

That an enormous sum of money was expended by can- 
didates for nomination at the Republican primaries ttiis 
Fall is apparent to everybody. Rumor, supported by evi- 
dence that assailed the eye on every side, places this sum at 
not less than $300,000, or more than two dollars for every 
Republican vote polled. As none of this money was raised 
by public subscription, it follows that most of it must have 
come from private and secret sources, in violation of the 
Corrupt Practices act of 1911, and it is reasonable to expect 
that an attempt will be made to carry the election in No- 
vember by similar means. We are in grave danger of a 
return to the corrupt methods of a few years ago, before the 
Democratic Party made fair elections possible, drove the 
corruption out of politics, and established an era of popular 
rule. 

We heartily endorse the passage by a Democratic Congress 
of the Tariff Commission act, which we believe will suc- 
cessfully remove political considerations from future tariff 
legislation. 

Last winter repeated attacks were made upon the Geran 
Election act by individual members of the Republican ma- 
jority in the Legislature and by the majority caucuses. 
Most of the bills to destroy sections of this great reform 
law were beaten by the hostility of the Governor assisted by 
the Democrats and a handful of independents in iL:^ House, 
but it was evident to everyone that the determination to 
pass them was merely postponed, not abandoned. Probably 
arrangements for the necessary votes were made at the re- 
cent debauched primaries. We pledge our candidates to the 
preservation of the Geran act in all of its integrity, and a 
continuance of rule by the people instead of rule by money 
and privilege. 

We favor a rigid enforcement of the Civil Service laws, 
and their amendment in all cases where experience shows 
them defective. 

The development of the public schools of the State is a 
matter of the highest civic importance. To this end we 
favor : 

The extension of agencies for industrial education, in- 
cluding vocational and agricultural education ; enlarged fa- 
cilities for the training of teachers, including a normal school 
in the southern part of the State ; the improvement of the 
country schools, and the institution of night schools and 
other agencies. 

Every citizen is ungrudging in his admiration of the splen- 



172 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

did record of our National Guard made in tlie performance 
of tlieir duty. The readiness with which they responded to 
the call of the country, and the fidelity with which they 
endured hardships and made sacrifices attendant upon their 
military service, endears them to the heart of every man 
who loves his country. We favor legislation for the up- 
building and strengthening of our State Militia and Naval 
Reserve, and ample appropriations for their maintenance and 
equipment and for their instruction at the State camps. 

Feeling assured that the Democracy has deserved and won 
the confidence of the people of New Jersey by its fidelity to 
its platform pledges and its unswerving devotion to the in- 
terests of the people of the State, we present our cause to 
the electorate w^ith sincerity and candor, knowing full well 
that the splendid record of achievements of our party will 
meet with the support of fairminded citizens regardless of 
party affiliations. 

REPUBLICAN. 

(Adopted at a State Convention held at Trenton, October 
3d, 1916, and presided over by President of the Senate, 
George W. F. Gaunt of Gloucester county.) 

The Republican State Convention assembled this third day 
of October, meets as a reunited party, with past differences- 
forgotten and with a patriotic desire to see the country 
saved from humiliation at home and abroad, and to help 
restore it to its rightful place among the nations of the 
earth. 

We unreservedly endorse the platform adopted by the Na- 
tional Republican Convention held at Chicago, and we pledge 
our enthusiastic support to its nominees, Charles Evans 
Hughes and Charles Warren Fairbanks. 

The present war has demonstrated the wisdom of the Re- 
publican doctrine that this nation should be independent 
industrially as well as politically, and we affirm our belief 
in the doctrine of a protective tariff as a means to that end. 
The war abroad has afforded us a measure of protection 
which will cease when peace is declared, and a protective 
tariff must, therefore, be enacted to insure the wage earners 
and manufacturers as well as all the people of this country 
against the competition of the cheaply made products from 
abroad that will flood our country at prices ruinous to the 
Industries and enterprises of the nation. The Democratic 
party cannot be trusted to legislate in the economic emer- 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 173 

gency that ^^iIl arise when Europe ceases to war with arms 
and begins to war with her cheap productions against the 
rest of the world. We, therefore, favor a tariff for America. 

From a State standpoint, the issue of the campaign sur- 
rounds a clearly defined demand on the part of all the people 
of the State for the introduction of common sense business 
principles in conducting the affairs of the State. This re- 
lates to practically every department of the government, 
and in brief, means the transforming of a political govern- 
ment into a modern business organization. The cardinal 
principle in bringing this about is a realization that the 
Governor of the State should assume the responsibility of its 
business management and the Legislature co-operating as a 
board of directors, with the work of every department, board 
and commission so co-ordinated that the business of the State 
shall be conducted on modern lines and not with the loss of 
efficiency heretofore prevailing. 

As a part of this plan to transform the government of 
the State into a business organization, the Republican Legis- 
latures of the past two years have enacted: (1) Economy 
and efficiency laws, which have consolidated and co-ordinated 
various State commissions, boards and departments in the 
interest of economy and efficiency; (2) the law creating a 
central purchasing department, which will in its first year 
of trial save to the taxpayers of the State $200,000 ; (3) 
the budget system, which for the first time in the State's 
history will enable the people to know in advance the items 
of State expense, the reasons therefor, and give to the tax- 
payers an opportunity to express their judgment upon the 
merits of the expenditures proposed to be made before they 
are authorized by the Legislature. In this connection we 
may here call the attention of the people of New Jersey 
to the fact that the above laws are the result of the active 
leadership in the Senate of our candidate for Governor, 
Walter E. Edge. 

The pledges given to the people for the last two years by 
the Republican Party to place the State on a firm financial 
basis have been fulfilled, and we now show the gratifying 
result of a clear balance of over one million dollars, whereas 
two years ago we inherited from the Democratic Party a 
treasury deficit of two million dollars. This policy of con- 
fining expenditures within our income and keeping inviolate 
the credit of the State, we firmly believe in and will continue 
to uphold. 

We pledge ourselves to enact such further laws as will 



174 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

make the Governor the actual business manager of the State. 
To this end we believe there should be further consolidations 
and co-ordinations of the State's activities so that the heads 
of the various boards will become in effect a business cabinet, 
which, under the leadership of the Governor, if given the 
loyal support of the working heads, will enlarge and extend 
the practical and economical carrying out of the business 
of the State to the advantage of all the stockholders thereof. 

We favor a more businesslike method of administering 
our tax laws, to equalize valuations and assessments not only 
as between individualSj but as between the taxing districts 
of the State. 

We believe that the training of teachers for the public 
schools is a matter of great importance if our schools are 
to reach the highest degree of efficiency. For this reason 
we favor an increase in the facilities for the training of 
teachers by means of State Normal Schools, additional schools 
being provided as the finances of the State will warrant. 
We also strongly recommend the extension of vocational, 
industrial and agricultural education for the youth of the 
State and favor all practicable means for the betterment of 
the .rural schools. 

We favor a scientific system of road-building, with proper 
main highways, and with laterals reaching to the rural 
sections, not abutting thereon, so that we may have a com- 
plete network of good roads touching every point of our 
State, and believe that the State should construct and con- 
trol the main highways and a patrol system be inaugurated 
to keep our roads In repair as a prevention against destruc- 
tion and waste. 

We believe that all property which is taxed shall bear its 
fair share of taxation. This is the principle of equal taxa- 
tion to which our party was committed in passing the rail- 
road equal tax laws. The franchises of the telephone, tele- 
graph, water, electric light and gas companies of this State 
represent privileges which are extremely profitable. 

These franchises are now subject to a tax at the rate 
of two per cent, upon the gross receipts, which is less than 
the tax upon other property. The trolley companies already 
pay five per cent, upon the gross receipts. The reason that 
exists for taxing trolley companies applies equally to other 
public utilities. We, therefore, favor the enactment of a 
law increasing from two to five per cent, the taxes upon 
the gross receipts of telephones, telegraph, water, electric 
light and gas companies. This would bring to the State or 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 175 

to the municipalities thereof nearly $1,000,000 a year in 
additional taxes. 

The fact that within a radius of seventy miles, with the 
capital of our State as its center, lies the densest population 
in the world, reveals the unequal market for New Jersey's 
agricultural products and the opportunity for agricultural 
development of our State. To this end, we recommend that 
the new Department of Agriculture created by the last 
Legislature be given sufficient sums of money to carry into 
completion the plans that they have already worked out. 
Through the Bureau of Lands, Crops and Markets we will 
be able to bring the producer and the consumer closer to- 
gether, thereby eliminating the great waste in the matter 
of distribution of farm products. 

The inland waterway development of the State, inaugu- 
ated by the Republican Party, is a practical illustration of 
the business wisdom of proper development of the harbors, 
rivers and other waterways. We pledge ourselves to a con- 
tinuation of this policy. 

The Republican Party has always shown particular in- 
terest in the humanitarian work of the State by providing 
liberal appropriations for the proper care of the mental de- 
fectives, insane, tuberculosis unfortunates and other de- 
pendent wards, and we pledge ourselves to a continuance of 
this enlightened and humane policy. 

We pledge ourselves to the maintenance of the principle 
of Civil Service and the maintenance of a merit system. 

We welcome, as a part of our civic life, the activities of 
those associations interested in better housing, improved 
tenement conditions and sanitary and hygienic measures, 
both in the home and in the municipality, and we pledge to 
the good citizens active in the development of the social 
M'elfare of our commonwealth, the executive and legislative 
support of the State. 

Under Republican initiative was passed the most efficient 
code of labor laws ever formulated in the country, viz., a 
workmen's compensation law and laws providing for the up- 
to-date safety devices in machinery, proper hygienic con- 
ditions of air, light and sanitation ; regulation of hours of 
employment for women and children ; strict provision for 
fire-escapes to guard the lives of those employed in work 
shops and factories, and other means to preserve the health, 
comfort and v,elfare of the industrial workers of our State. 
Again, we call the attention of the people to the leadership 
of our candidate for Governor in the enactment of these laws 



176 PARTY PLATFORMS. 

Wc pledge ourselves to still further progress in this care of 
the toilers of our State, who, in proportion to population, 
rank us second among all the States of the union. 

A commission appointed last year, under the action of a 
Republican Legislature, to investigate and report by bills 
upon the question of home rule, will enable us to carry out 
our pledged promise to the people of this State to give them 
the largest measure of home rule possible under the Con- 
stitution of our State, and which pledge we reaffirm. 

We pledge ourselves to enact such just and practical laws 
as shall adequately direct the procedure for the creation of, 
and to provide time and means for the retirement of the 
temporary obligations of our municipalities, and to throw 
such safe-guards and supervision around our public finances, 
that the welfare of the taxpayers shall be preserved ; and 
all with the least possible disturbance of municipal financial 
systems as at present constituted. 

We pledge ourselves to the abolition of all toll bridges 
and the completion of the Palisades Park, in keeping with 
our obligations to our neighboring states. 

A commission has been appointed upon the revision of our 
corporation laws. We favor such changes as will simplify 
our system, but will protect the investor against fraud and 
dishonesty of management, through a proper system of pub- 
licity. We believe in honest corporations and insist that 
they can be so formulated as to preserve the highest ef- 
ficiency, honesty and public good in corporate management 
and control, M-ithout driving business from our state to the 
injury of the taxpayers. 

A commission was appointed to revise the general election 
laws, and it will report at the next session of the Legislature. 
We believe in a simplification of these acts, without in any- 
wise impairing the safety or honesty of the ballot. 

The Democratic Party has been tried and found wanting 
in the State and in the Nation. The reunion of Republicans 
and Progressives, working together for the common cause of 
patriotism and good government, is an evidence of success 
in November, and an assurance of happier and more satis- 
factory conditions during the next four years. 



SCHOOL LAW. 177 

SYNOPSIS OF SCHOOL LAW. 



The State Board of Education consists of eigbt members, 
not more tlian one of whom shall reside in the same county, 
and not more than four of whom shall belong io the same 
political party. It has control of the State Normal Schools, 
the School for the Deaf and the Manual Training and In- 
dustrial School for Colored Youth. It confirms the appoint- 
ment of the county superintendents of schools, decides ap- 
peals from the decisions of the Commissioner of Education, 
and makes rules for the granting of teachers' certificates and 
for carrying into effect the school laws of the State. It 
appoints an inspector of school buildings and an inspector 
of accounts. 

The Commissioner of Education is appointed by the gov- 
ernor and confirmed by the Senate. He appo-nts the county 
superintendents of schools, decides controversies that arise 
under the school law ; may withhold the State school moneys 
from any district for neglect or refusal to comply with the 
provisions of the school law, and has general supervision of 
the public schools. There are four assistant commissioners 
appointed by the commissioner by the advice and consent of 
the State Board of Education ; one acts as inspector of 
secondary schools, another as inspector of elementary schools, 
another as inspector of "industrial education, and another to 
hear controversies and disputes arising under the school law. 

There is a superintendent of schools for each county, ap- 
pointed by the Commissioner of Education and confirmed by 
the State Board of Education. The County Superintendent 
apportions the school moneys among the districts in his 
county, has general supervision of the schools and, in con- 
nection with the local Board of Education, prescribes the 
course of study to be pursued in the district, approves the 
.necessity for transportation and the cost and method thereof. 

Each municipality in the State constitutes a school dis- 
trict, unless by a vote of the people two or more munici- 
palities decide to unite and form one district. There are 
two classes of school districts, cities forming one class and 
all other municipalities the other, but a district in* either 
class may, by a vote of the people, be transferred to the 
other class. The members of the Board of Education in a 
city school district are appointed by the ma^yor. 

12 



178 SCHOOL LAW. 

In order to be eligible to membership in the Board of 
Education, a person must be a citizen of the United States 
and must have been a resident of the district for at least 
three years immediately preceding his or her election or ap- 
pointment and must be able to read and write. A city 
school district may have a city ruperintendcnt, but until one 
is appointed the County Superintendent has supervision of 
the schools. 

In each city school district there is a Board of School 
Estimate, consisting of the mayor, two members of ^he body 
having the power to make appropriations ifor city purposes, 
and two members of the Board of Education. The Board 
of Education presents its estimate of the amount of local 
appropriation needed, and the Board of School Estimate 
certifies to the body in the city having power to make appro- 
priations, the amount to be raised for school purposes. The 
amount so certified must be raised. 

In districts other than cities the Boards of Education 
consist of nine members each, elected by the people on the 
third Tuesday in March. The term of oflSce begins the first 
Monday in April. The qualifications for membership are 
the same as in city school districts. The special district 
school tax is voted either at the annual meeting or at a 
special school meeting called by the Board of Education. 
Bonds for school houses are authorized by the legal voters. 
School bonds cannot be sold at private sale except to the 
Trustees of the School Fund or Sinking Fund Commissioners 
unless said Trustees or Commissioners have refused to buy 
them. Bonds cannot be delivered to any purchaser other 
than the Trustees of the School Fund except upon payment 
of full purchase price. Women may vote at district meet- 
ings on all questions except the election of members of the 
Board of Education, which is prohibited by the Constitution. 
Truant officers and janitors cannot be discharged or their 
compensation decreased except for cause and after a hearing. 

Funds for the support of schools come from the following 
sources : First, from the income of the State School Fund. 
The principal of this fund is derived almost entirely from 
the sale and rental of lands under water belonging to the 
State. The principal cannot be used for any purpose, and 
the income can be used only for the support of public schools. 
Second^fi^om State appropriation made by the Legislature to 
reduce the State school tax. Third, from State school tax, 
an amount which when added to the State appropriation 
will make a sum equal to two and three-fourths mills on 



SCHOOL LAW. 179 

each dollar of the taxable property in the State. Fourth, 
the railroad tax received by the State in excess of one-half 
of one per cent, of the value of the railroad property. Fifth, 
interest of surplus revenue, and sixth, local school tax. 

The income from the school fund is apportioned among 
the counties by the State Superintendent ol the basis of 
the total days' attendance of pupils in the public schools. 
The State appropriation is apportioned among the counties 
by the State Comptroller on the basis of the ratables. Ninety 
per cent, of the State school tax paid by each county is 
returned to it, and the ten per cent, received from all the 
counties forms the reserve fund, which is apportioned among 
the counties in the discretion of the State Board of Educa- 
tion. The railroad tax is apportioned on the ratables. 

The County Superintendent apportions to each district $600 
for the Superintendent or Supervising Principal, if there be 
one ; $500 for each teacher in a special class for subnormal 
children ; $400 for each Assistant Superintendent and Super- 
visor, and for each permanent teacher employed in a high 
school having a full four-years' course of study ; $300 for 
each permanent teacher employed in a high school having 
a full three-years' course of study ; $200 for each permanent 
teacher employed in any kindergarten, primary or grammar 
grade or in a high school having less than three years' 
course of study ; $80 for each temporary teacher employed 
more than four months ; $80 for each evening school teacher ; 
$25 for each high school pupil for whom a tuition fee is 
paid to another district ; $5 for each pupil below the high 
school grade for whom such tuition fee is paid, and 75 per 
cent, of the cost of transportation of pupils approved by 
the County Superintendent. The balance of the State school 
moneys received by the county is apportioned on the basis 
of the total number of days' attendance of the pupils. 

The custodian of municipal funds is the custodian of 
school moneys, unless the Board of Education appoints the 
collector as custodian. In either case, the compensation of 
the custodian must be fixed by the Board of Education and 
paid from school funds. If there are two or more munici- 
palities in the district, the Board of Education may appoint 
its own custodian. 

Each collector must pay to the county collector the 
amount of State school tax due from his taxing district not 
later than December 22d. If the tax is not paid by that 
date the County Superintendent must withhold the amount 
of reserve fund apportioned to the district and divide it 



180 SCHOOL LAW. 

the following year among all the districts in the county. 
The county collector must pay the State school tax to the 
State Treasurer not later than January 20th. 

If a district provides a course in manual training, and 
such course is approved by the State Board of Education, the 
State will give to such district each year a sum equal to that 
raised in the district for manual training, provided the 
amount raised is not less than !?250 or more than $5,000. 

County vocational schools may be established in any 
county under rules made by the State Board of Education, 
The location of these schools shall be approved by the Com- 
missioner of Education with the advice and consent of the 
State Board of Education. The Board of Education for 
such vocational school shall consist of the County Superin- 
tendent and four person^ to be appointed by the judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas in the county. The State 
appropriates a sum equal to that raised in the county for 
the establishment of such school. The amount contributed 
by the State for any such school shall not exceed in any 
one year the sum of $10,000. 

Every district must provide free text-books and supplies 
for all pupils and must also provide a flag for each school 
house, which flag must be displayed every day the school is 
in session. The selection- of a text-book requires the vote of 
a majority of the whole number of members of the Board 
of Education. A Board of Education must employ medical 
inspectors and attendance oflBcers. 

Every school which raises $20 to establish a school library 
may receive a like amount from the State. After the first 
payment, the State will give $10 each year that the school 
raises the same amount. Library moneys may be used for 
library books, reference books, apparatus, or educational 
works of art. 

All plans for school houses must be submitted to the State 
Board of Education for suggestion and criticism. Every 
school house hereafter erected must comply with the follow- 
ing requirements : First, light must be admitted to the class 
rooms only from the left and rear. Second, the total light 
area must equal 20 per cent, of floor space. Third, there 
must be 18 square feet of floor space and not less than 200 
cubic feet of air space for each pupil. Fourth, all rooms 
must have a proper system of ventilation which will supply 
30 cubic feet of fresh air per minute for each pupil. Fifth, 
all ceilings must be at least 12 feet in height and all stairs 
must be at least 4 feet wide, with intermediate landings, 



SCHOOL LAW. 181 

enclosed in brick walls or by partitions of slow-burning con- 
struction, and without open well holes. Sixth, a school 
house having eight rooms must have two flights of stairs, 
each four feet in width, or one flight not less than six feet 
in width, one having from eight to sixteen rooms, two flights 
of stairs not less than five feet in width, and one having 
sixteen or more rooms, four flights of stairs not less than 
four feet in width, or two flights not less than six feet in 
width. Seventh, all ceilings must be either metal, wood or 
plaster on metal laths and painted white or some light tint. 

A person cannot be legally employed as a teacher unless 
he holds a teacher's certificate in full force and effect at 
the time he begins teaching. Before beginning to teach he 
must show his certificate to the Superintendent of Schools. 
A Board of Education may adopt rules governing the em- 
ployment of teachers. In the absence of rules, the contract 
must be in writing in triplicate, one copy filed with the 
Board of Education, one with the County Superintendent, 
and one with the teacher. The employment, promotion or 
dismissal of a teacher requires the vote of a majority of the 
whole number of members of the Board of Education. After 
three years' continuous service a teacher cannot be removed 
except upon charges and after a hearing. 

All persons appointed as teachers, principals or superin- 
tendents, who have not taught in this State prior to Jan- 
uary 1st, 1908, are members of the Teachers' Retirement 
Fund by virtue of such appointment. 

A State pension is also provided for teachers who have 
had thirty-five years of actual service ; twenty-five years of 
such service must have been in New Jersey. The annual 
pension provided is one-half the average annual salary re- 
ceived for the last five years of service. 

The State Board of Examiners consists of the Commis- 
sioner of Education, the Principals of the Normal Schools 
and a County Superintendent and a City Superintendent 
appointed by the State Board of Education. This Board 
issues certificates valid in all parts of this State and in any 
school or grade. 

All kindergarten teachers must hold special kindergarten 
certificates. Special certificates may be issued for kinder- 
garten, physical training, manual training, music, drawing, 
modern languages, commercial branches, cooking, sewing, 
agriculture and penmanship. All applicants for certificates 
must file testimonials of good moral character, and, in case 
of previous experience, of success as teachers. 



182 SCHOOL LAW. 

Graduates of the Normal Schools receive State certifi- 
cates. Graduates Oif normal schools in other States may 
have their diplomas endorsed, provided the course of study 
pursued is equivalent to the course in the New Jersey Nor- 
mal Schools, and the State in which they were issued grants 
reciprocal privileges to graduates of the New Jersey Normal 
Schools, 

All children between the ages of 5 and 20 are entitled to 
attend the public schools in the districts in which they 
reside. If a kindergarten has been established, children 
4 years of age may attend. A Board of Education must 
provide suitable school facilities for all the children desiring 
to attend school. The Board of Education may provide for 
the education of pupils in the higher grades by payment of 
tuition fees to adjoining districts. If a child lives remote 
from any school in the district, the Board may transport 
such child to school or pay for its tuition in another district. 
A Board of Education may close a school and transport all 
the children to another school. Children who have never 
attended any school can be admitted to a public school 
only during the ten days immediately following the opening 
of the school in the fall and during the first five days in 
January and April, except by the vote of a majority of all 
the members of the Board of Education. 

All children between the ages of 7 and 16 must attend 
either a public or private school every day such school is in 
session, unless they are taught at home or are physically 
or mentally unfit to attend. Children between 14 and 16 
years of age who have completed five yearly grades may be 
granted certificates permitting them to go to work. The 
parent of a chiid who does not attend school may be pro- 
ceeded against before a magistrate as a disorderly person. 
If the parent is unable to control the child, such child may 
be proceeded against as a disorderly person. 

Corporal punishment in all public schools is absolutely 
prohibited. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



183 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL, 

1776 to 1844. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Lewis M. Walker. 
38—39, Japhet Ireland. 



40 — 41, Mahlon Canfleld. 
42 — 44, Absolam Cordery. 



Bergen County. 



76, 82—83, John Fell. 24—26, 
77 — 78, Robert Morris. 

79—81, Theunis Dey. 27—29, 

84—90, 92—95, Peter Haring. 31, 

91, 96 — 06, John Cutwater. 34 — 35, 

07, 09—11, Peter Ward. 36—37, 

08, 12—13, William Colfax. 38—39, 
14—15, 18. Adrian Post. 40, 
16, 19—21. John D. Haring. 41-^2, 

17, Martin Ryerson. 43 — 44, 
22—23, Christian Zabriskie. 



30, 32—33, 
Charles Board. 
Nathaniel Board. 
Jacob M. Ryerson. 
Christian C. Zabriskie. 
Samuel R. Demarest. 
Francis Price. 
Albert G. Doremus. 
John Cassedy. 
John H. Zabriskie. 



Burlington County. 



76, Richard Smith. 02—04, 

77, John Imlay. 10—13, 
78 — 80. 83, Peter Tallman. 14. 
81—82, John Cor. 15—17. 
84—86, 89—90, William Newbold.l8, 29- 
87—88. Joseph Smith. 32—33, 

91, James Kins-y. 34, 

92, 1818—28. Calem Newbold. 35—36, 

93—96, John Black. 37—41. 

97—1801. 04—09. 42, 

George Anderson. 43 — 44, 



Samuel Flongh. 
John Beatty. 
Caleb Earl. 
William Irick. 
-31, William N. Shinn. 
Richard Campion. 
James Newbold. 
Charles Stokes. 
William Irick. 
Moffett Craig. 
James S. Hulme. 



Cape May County. 



1776, Jonathan Hand. 11, 

77, 79—80, 82—83, Jesse Hand. 14, 

78, Jonathan Jenkins. 15 — 19, 

81, 85, Elijah Hughes. 

84, 86—93, Jeremiah Eldredge. 20—23. 

94—95, 1806, 09—10, 28—30, 

Matthew Whlllden. 31—33. 

96—98, 1800, 04, 34—35. 

Permenus Corson. 36 — 37. 

99, John T. Townsend. 38 — 39. 

1801—04, 07. Ebenezer Newton. 40 — 41, 

05—06. William Eldredge. 42—44, 

08, 12 — 13, Joseph Falkenberge. • 



Nathaniel Holmes. 
Furman beaming. 

24. 26—27, 
Joshua Swaine. 

25, Thomas H. Hughes. 
Israel Townsend. 
Joshua Townsend. 
Jeremiah Leaming. 
Richard Thomson. 
Amos Corson. 
Thomas P. Hughes. 
Maurice Beesley. 



184 MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

1770 to 1844. 
Cumberlnnd County. 

70_77, 82, Theopbilus Elmer. 13, Ezekiel FoBler. 

78, Epbraim Harris. 14, 18, James Clark. 

79, John Buck. L'O— 21, James D. Westoott. 

80, 84, Jonatliiiu Elmer. 20, Epliraim Batemaa. 

81, 83, 85— 'J4, 96 — 97, 99—1800, 27—28, JoUn Trencliard. 

Samuel Ogdea. 29—32, Ellas P. reeley. 

95, Eli Elmer. 33, 37, Israel Stratton. 

98, Joel Fithlan. 34, David Reeves. 

1801 — 02, David Moore. 35—30, Josliua ISrick. 
03—04, 10 — 11, George Burgiu. 38, Nalbaniel Foster. 

05—00, Abraham Sayre. 39—40, Samuel Barber. 
06, 08, 12—13, 15—17, 19, 22—25, 41, Epbraim II. Whitecar. 
Ebenezer Seeley. 42, David Wbitaker. 

07, Ebenezer Elmer. 43 — 44, Enoch H. Moore. 

09, James B. Hunt. 

Essex County. 

76—77, 79, Stephen Crane. 15—16, 25, 28, Amos Harrison. 

78, Abraham Clark. 19—22, 26, Silas Coudit. 

80, James Caldwell. 24, 30, John Dow. 
81—84, Joslah Hornblower. 27, Samuel Pennington. 
85—87, John Peck. 29, Amzi Dodd. 

88, John Chetwood. 31 — 32, Isaac H. Williamson. 

89, Jonathan Dayton. 33, Jacob M. Mead. 
90—97, John Coudit. 34, Oliver S. Halstead. 
98—1800, Daniel Marsh. 35, Stephen D. Day.' 
01, 06, 10—13, Charles Clark. 36, Andrew Parsons. 
02—03, William S. Pennington. 37, John J. Chetwood. 
04 — 06, 17—18, 23, John Dodd. 38 — 40, Amzi Armstrong. 

07, Moses Jacques. 41 — 42, William Clietwood. 

08 — 09, Thomas Ward. 43 — 44, Joseph S. })odd. 
14, Charles Kinsey. 



Gloucester County. 

177e_80, 84, John Cooper. 21—22, Michael C. Fisher. 

81, Jo'seph Hugg. 23, 29, 31—32, Joseph Kaighn. 

82—83, 85—86, Elijah Clark. 24—25, Isaac Wilkins. 

87—94, Joseph Ellis. 26, John Moore White. 

95 — 97, Joseph Cooper. 27, Christopher Sickler. 

98—1802, Thomas Clark. 28, Jeremiah J. Foster. 

03—06, 11, Isaac Mickle. 30, 33—35, John W. Mickle. 

06, 14, 16, Samuel W. Harrison. 36 — 38, John C. Small wood. 

07—10, Richard M. Cooper. 39—40, Joseph Porter. 

12 — 13, James Hopkins. 41, William R. Cooper. 

17 — 18, James Matlack. 42, Joseph Saunders. 

19 — 20, John Baxter. 43 — 44, Joshua P. Browning. 



Hudson County. 

1840, Abraham Van Santvoord. 43 — 44, Edwin V. R. Wright. 
41 — 42, John S. Condit. 



MEMBERS OP COUNCIL. 



185 



177G to 1844. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776 — 81, John Stevens. 

82, Joseph Reading. 
83—84, Philemon Dickinson. 
85 — 88, Robert-Lettis Hooper. 

89, Benjamin Van Cleve. 
90 — 1804, John Lambert. 
05 — 06, John Wilson. 
06 — 14, John Ilaas. 

15, Aaron Vansyckle. 
16—19, 21, 24—25, 

Elnathan Stevenson. 

20, Thomas Prall. 



22 — 23, John Cavanagh. 
26 — 29, George Maxwell. 
30, Thomas Capner. 
31—32, Peter I. Clark. 

33, Alexander Wurts. 

34, Nathaniel Saxton. 
35, 42—44, William Wilson. 

36, Henry S. Hunt, 
37 — 38, Joseph Moore. 

39, James Snyder. 
40—41, John Lilly. 



Mercer County. 

1838 — 39, Charles G. McChesney. 42 — 44, George Woolsey. 
40—41, James White. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, John Wetherill. 18, John N. Simpson. 

77—79, Jonathan Deare. 19, 21, 27—28, James T. Dunn. 

80, 83, 88, Benjamin Manning. 23—24, 26, 30, 
81—82, 1806, John Eeatty. 
84 — 85, 96, Samuel Fitz-Randolph. 
86 — 87, 89 — 94, Samuel Randolph. 
95, 97, 99—1806, 

Ephralm Martin. 
98, 1820, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 
07, 09, 14—17, 22, 

Ercurles Beatty. 



Robert McChesney. 
25, William Edgar. 

29, James Cook. 

30, Samuel Edgar. 

32, John T. McDowell. 

33, Josiah B. Howell. 

34, Andrew Snowhill. 

35, John Perrine, Jr. 



10, 12 — 13, James Schureman.36 — 38, 41, George T. McDowell. 

11, John James. 39 — 40, David B. Appleget. 
13, John Neilson. 42 — 44, Abraham W. Brown. 



Monmouth County. 



1776, Nathaniel Scudder. 
77 — 79, Joseph Holmes. 
80—83, 89—92, 95, 

Elisha Lawrence. 

84, John Imlay. 

85, David Forman. 

86 — 88, 99, Asher Holmes. 
93—94, 1812—13, 

Thomas Henderson. 
96 — 98, Elisha Walton. 

1800, John Lloyd. 
01—07, Thomas Little. 

08, William Lloyd. 

09, John A. Scudder. 



10—11, 13—21, Silas Crane. 

22, William Andrews. 
23—24, William I. Bowne. 
25, 28—29, William L Emley. 
26—27, Henry D. Polhemus. 

30, Samuel G. Wright. 
31, 34, John Patterson. 
32 — 33, Daniel Holmes. 
35 — 36, Thomas Aarowsmith. 

37, William L. Dayton. 
38—39, Benjamin Oliphant. 

40, Peter Vredenburgh, Jr. 
41 — 44, James Patterson. 



186 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



1776 to 1844. 



Morris County. 



1776—80, Silas Condlct. 
81—84, John Carle. 

85, Jolin-CIeve Symmes. 
86—88, 93—94, 96—1800, 

Abraham Kltchel. 
89—90, William WoodhuU. 
91—92, 95, Ellis Cook. 
1801—06, David Welsh. 
07 — 14, Benjamin Ludlow. 
15 — 22, Jesse Upson. 



23—27, Silas Cook. 
28—30, Edward Condlct. 
31—32, 40 — 41, James Wood. 

33, Mahlon Dickerson. 

34, William Monro. 
35—36, Jephthah B. Munn. 
37—38, William Brittin. 

39, Jacob W. Miller. 
42, Ezekiel B. Gaines. 
43 — 44, John H. Stansborough. 



Passaic County. 



1837—38, Andrew Parsons. 
39 — 40, Nathaniel Board. 
41, Silas E. Canfleld. 



42, William Deckey. 
43—44, Silas D. Canfield. 



Salem County. 



1776, 78 — 79, Andrew Sinnlckson. 
77, Edward Keasby. 

80, 82, 86, Whitten Cripps. 

81, 83 — 84, John Holme. 
85, 87—93, John Mayhew. 
94 — 96, Thomas Sinnlckson. 
97—99, 1801—04, William Parret. 

1800, William Wallace. 
04, 06 — 07, Jacob Hufty. 
05—06, 09—13, Isaiah Shlnn. 

08, Samuel Ray. 
13—17, Jededlah Dubois. 
18, 20—22, John Dickinson. 

19, Hedge Thompson. 



23, 40, 

24—25, 

26—28, 

29, 

30, 

31, 

33, 

34, 37, 

35, 

36, 

38—39, 

41, 

42, 

43 — 44. 



Josiah M. Reeve. 
Zacheus Ray. 
32, Israel R. Clawson. 
Philip Freas. 
James Newell. 
Henry Freas. 
Charles Swing. 
William F. Reeve. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Thomas Yarrow. 
John A. Lambert. 
Robert Newell. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 



Somerset County. 



1776, William Paterson. 
77, 93—97, James Linn. 

78, Abraham Van-Neste. 
79, 81—89, Ephralm Martin. 

80, John WItherspoon. 
90 — 92, Frederick Frelinghuysen. 
98 — 1804. Peter D. Vroom. 

04, Henry Vanderveer. 
05—13, 15—19, 

John Frelinghuysen. 



14, 26—29, Andrew Howell. 
20—25, Peter I. Stryker. 
30—34, James S. Green. 

35, William Thompson. 
36—38, Walter Kirkpatrlck. 

39, Augustus R. Taylor. 
40 — 41, Joseph W. Scott. 
42 — 44, George H. Brown. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



187 



1776 to 1844. 
Sussex County. 



1776, 80, John-Cleve» Symmei. 19—20, 

77, 84—85, 89—90, 21, 

Robert Hoops. 22, 

78—79, Robert Ogdon. 23—24, 

81—83, Hugh Hughe*. 25—26, 

86 — 88, Mark Thomson. 27, 

91—99, Charlea Beardslee. 28—31, 

1800—04, William McCullough. 32, 

04, John Linn. 33—34, 

05—06, George Bldleman. 37—38, 

06, Jacob S. Thomson. 39 — 40, 

07 — 13, Barnabus Swayze. 41 — 42, 

13—15, William Kennedy. 43—44, 
16—18, Thomas Vanklrk. 



Robert W. Rutherford. 
William T. Anderson. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
Jacob Thompson. 
Thomas C. Ryerson. 
Samuel Fowler. 

35, David Ryerson. 
Peter Merkel. 

36, Samuel Price. 
Richard R. Morris. 
Daniel Haines. 
Alexander Boyles. 
Benjamin Hamilton. 



Warren County. 



1825, Jacob Thompson. 

26 — 28, Jeremy Mackey. 

29—30, Jonathan Robblns. 

31, Samuel Wilson. 

32—33, Charles Carter. 



34 — 35, Charles Sitgreaves. 
36 — 39, Robert H. Kennedy, 

40, Caleb H. Valentine. 

41, Henry H. Van Ness. 
42—44, Charles J. Ihrle. 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 

1776 to 1844. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Joseph Endicott. 
38—39, Robert B. Risley. 



40—41, Joseph S. Read. 
42 — 44, George Wheaton. 



Bergen County. 



1776, Peter Zabrlskie. 
76, 83, Theunis Dey. 

76, 84, 86, David Board 
77—78, Joast Beam. 

77, 81, Garret Leydecker. 

77, 82, 87, 1815, John Cutwater. 
78 — 81, 87, Peter Wilson. 

78, 97—1804, Thomas Blanch. 

79, Robert Morris. 
79 — 83, Isaac Blanch. 

80, Gabriel Ogden. 
82—83, 87, 94—95, Adam Boyd. 
84—86, 92, 96, 1810—11, 

Jacob Terhune (Terheun), 

84, Edow Merseallus. 

85, Abraham Blauvelt. 
85—80, 88—90, 93, Isaac Nicoll. 
88—90, 93, John (A.) Benson. 
90 — 91, Edmund W. Kingsland. 
91, 95, John Haring. 

91—92, 96, Henry Berry. 
92—94, 96—1802, 04—06, 
Peter Ward. 

94, William M. Bell. 

95, Benjainin Blaclidge. 
97—98, Robert Campbell. 
99—1801, John Dey. 

02 — 04, 06, Isaac Klpp. 
03 — 04, Martin I. Ryerson. 
04—06, 08—09, Adrian Post. 
05—06, Odonijah Schuyler. 
06—07, 09—11, William Colfax. 

07, John Vanhorn. 

07, Abraham Forshee. 
08, 14—17, Albert 0. Zabrlskie. 
08 — 09, 18, John Ilopper. 
10—11, 13, John A. Westervelt. 
12—13, Martin Van Houten. 
12—13, 19, Casparus Bogart. 
12 — 13, Thomas Dickerson. 

14, Richard Cadmus. 

14, Jacob K. Mead. 
15, 20—21, Charles Board. 

15, Garret A. Lyd acker. 
16 — 17, Jacob Banta. 



16—17, 
16, 21- 
18, 
18, 24, 
19—20, 

19, 

20, 

21—23, 

22—23, 

23—24, 

24, 

25, 

26, 

27, 30, 

27, 

28, 

28, 

28—29, 

29—30, 

30, 33, 

31, 

31, 

31. 

32—33, 

32—33, 

32, 

34, 

34—35, 

34, 

35, 36, 

35, 



37—38, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
39—40, 
39, 
39—40, 
41—42, 
41-^2, 
43—44, 
43—44, 



Cornelius Merseiles. 
-22, Peter Sip. 
Casparus Prior. 
Nathaniel Board. 
25—26, 29, 

t'ornelius Van Winkle. 
Silas Brinkerhoof. 
Sebe Brinkerhoof. 
John Westervelt, Jr. 
25—27, David I. Christie. 
Garret Ackerson. 
John Van Waggoner. 
Henry B. Haggerman. 
Charles Kinsey. 
Peter J. Terhune. 
Cornelius D. Van Riper. 
Christian Zahriskie. 
Peter C. Westervelt. 
Andrew P. Hopper. 
John Ward. 
Samuel R. Demarest. 
Garret Sip. 
Andrew H. Hopper. 
John R. Blauvelt. 
Garret P. Hopper. 
John M. Cornelison. 
Samuel Demarest. 
John F. Hopper. 
Abraham Lydecker. 
Peter I. Ackerman. 
Michael Saunler. 
John H. Hopper. 
Henry Doremus. 
Jetur R. Riggs. 
David D. Van Bussnm. 
Albert G. Lydecker. 
John Cassedy. 
John G. Ackerson. 
Albert G. Doremus. 
Albert J. Terhune. 
James I. Demarest. 
John H. Zabrlskie. 
William G. Hopper. 
Jacob C. Terhune 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



189 



1776 to 1844. 



Burlington County. 



1776—77. Peter Tallman. 


20, 


76, 78, 


83, Caleb Shreve. 


21—24, 


76, 


Joseph Newbold. 


21—23, 


77, 


Samuel Rogers. 


22, 


77—82, 


Thomas Fenimore. 


23—24, 


78—79, 


Josiah Foster. 


25—27, 


79, 85- 


-90, Joseph Biddle. 


25—27, 


80, 


William Trent. 


25—28, 


80, 


William Hough, 


28—30, 


81—83, 


Israel Shreve. 


28, 


81, 83, 


90—92, 95, 


28, 




George Anderson. 


29, 


82, 


Thomas Reynolds. 


29, 


84, 


James Kinsey. 


30, 


84, 


Cleayton Newbold. 


30—35, 


84—85, 


87, Richard S. Smith. 


30, 


85, 


Joseph Smith. 


30—32, 


86, 


David Ridgway. 


31—32, 


86, 


Uriah Woolman. 


31—32, 


87—89, 


Robert Strettell Jones. 


31—32, 


88—90, 


Daniel Newbold. 


31, 


91, 


Joshua M. Wallace. 


32—34, 


91, 


Caleb Newbold. 


33, 


92, 1801—04, John Lacey. 


33, 


92—93, 


Thomas Ilollenshead. 


33—34, 


93—96, 


Samuel Hough. 


33, 


93, 


Henry Ridgway. 


34, 


94, 


Joseph Stokes. 


34, 


94, 


John Van Emburgh. 


34, 


95—96, 


Stacy Biddle. 


35—36, 


96—1804, 06—09, 16—17, 


35—36, 




William Coxe. Jr. 


35—36, 


97, 1820—22, Thomas Newbold. 


35—36, 


97—1801, Job Lippincott. 


36, 


97—1800, 02—07. 


37—38, 




William Stockton. 


37—38, 


98. 


Joseph Budd. 


37, 


99—1804, 08—17, 19, 


37, 




William Pearson. 


38—39, 


1804—11, 13—14, William Irlck. 


38, 


04—06, 


Isaac Cowgill. 


39—41, 


04—13. 


Caleb Earle. 


39—41, 


10—15, 


Charles Ellis. 


39—40, 


12—17, 


Samuel J. Read. 


40—11, 


15—16, 


William Reeve. 


41—42, 


17—19, 


24. John Evans, Jr. 


42-44, 


18—19, 


23—24, William Griffith. 


42-44, 


18—19, 


John Newbold. 


42—44, 


18, 


Samuel Haines. 


42, 


20, 


George Hulme. 


43—44, 


20—22, 


25—27, Gershom Mott. 


43—44, 



William Stockton, Jr. 
Richard L. Beatty. 
William Woolman. 
Samuel Deacon. 
Jonathan Hough. 
29, Joshua S. Earl. 
Isaiah Toy. 
37 — 41, John Emley. 
Samuel Black. 
Philip F. Howell. 
Richard Eayre. 
John Warren. 
Charles M. Wells. 
Charles Stokes. 
George Deacon. 
Richard Campion. 
Benjamin H. Lippincott. 
Joshua Wright, Jr. 
Benjamin Shreve, Jr. 
William R. Allen. 
Samuel Black. 
Israel Biddle. 
John H. Rulon. 
Zebedee M. Wills. 
Isaac Hilliard. 
George Black. 
Benjamin Fish. 
Amos Stiles. 
Thomas Page, M.D. 
Anderson Lalor. 
Moses Wills. 
Thomas F. Budd. 
Benjamin Davis. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Jesse Richards. 
Amos W. Archer. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Phineas S. Bunting. 
Bowes Reed Brown. 
William W. Norcross. 
William Black. 
Levi Borton. 
Elihu Mathis. 
Isaac Stokes. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
John C. Deacon. 
Benjamin Ridgway. 
Joseph Satterthwait. 
Thomas Harrison. 
Thomas Harris. 
Isaiah Adams. 



190 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 
Cape May County. 



1776, Ell Eldrlflffe. 
70, JoBcph Savage. 
76—77, Huch Hathorne. 

77, 79, 84, 

Henry- Young Townsend. 
77—78, 80—81, 

Jeremiah Eldredge. 

78, John Hand. 

78, 81, 87—88, 90—96, 

Richard Townsend. 

79, James Whllden. 
79, Jonathan Learning. 

80, 83, Joseph Hildreth. 
80—82, 86—88, 91—93, 1804, 

Matthew Whllden. 
82—83, 85—86, John Baker. 
82, 84—92, 96, 98, 

Elijah Townsend. 

84, Leri Eldredge (Resigned) 
85, 89—90, Nezer Swain. 

89, Eli Townsend. 

93, Ebenezer Newton. 



94, David Johnston. 
94 — 95, Eleazer Hand. 

95, Reuben Townsend. 

96, 99, 1801, Abijah Smith. 

97, 1800, Persons Learning. 
1802 — 04, 10, Joseph Falkinburge. 
05—07, 09, 12—13, 

Thomas H. Hughes. 
06, 08, 11, 15—17, 18—19, 22, 
Nicholas Wlllits. 

13, Joshua Swain. 

14, Robert M. Holmes. 
20—21, 23, 26, 28—29, 

Joshua Townsend. 
24 — 25, 27, Israel Townsend. 
30 — 33, Jeremiah Leaming. 
34—35, Richard Thomson. 
36 — 37, Amos Corson. 
.38—39, Thomas P. Hughes. 
40 — 41, Maurice Beesley. 
42—44, Reuben Willets. 



Cumberland County. 



1776—77, 82—84, 86—87, 92, 


03—04, 




Ephraim Harris. 


04, 


76, 78, ! 


32—83, 85—86, 96, 99, 


1800, 05—06, 




Jonathan Bowen. 


05—06, 


76—78, 


John Buck. 


06, 16, 


77, 94, 


Ephraim Seeley. 


06—07, 


78—79, 


James Ewing. 


07—08, 


79, 91- 


-93, Joel Fithlan. 


08—09, 


79, 


Timothy Elmer. 


09—15, 


80, 


Thomas Ewing. 


10, 


80, 


Samuel Ogden. 


12—13, 


80, 


Ladis Walling. 


14, 


81—83, 


Joshua Ewing. 


15—16, 


81, 


Joshua Brick. 


15, 17, 


81, 


Joslah Seeley. 


16, 18, 


84, 


William Kelsey. 


17—18, 


84—85, 


87—89, 91—92, 


18—19, 




John Burgln. 


19—23, 


85—88, 


John Sheppard. 




88-89, 


Eli Elmer. 


20—23, 


89—91, 


93—95, 1817, 19, 


22, 




Ebenezer Elmer. 


23—25, 


90, 1800, Richard Wood, Jr. 


24, 


93, 96—97. David Moore. 


25, 


94—95, 


Benjamin Peck. 


26—29, 


95, 


Ebenezer Seeley. 


26—28, 


96—97, 


James Harris. 


29, 


98, 


Isaac Wheaton. 


29, 


98. 


John Sheppard. Jr. 


30—31, 


99—1802, George Burgln. 


30, 


1801—04, Azel Pleraon. 





Robert Smith. 
Abijah Davis. 
James Lee. 
Jedodiah Ogden. 
James D. Westcott. 
Benjamin Champneys. 
Jonathan Moore. 
11, 13, Ephraim Bateman. 
Daniel Richman. 
Isaac Watts Crane. 
Stephen Willis. 
Thomas J.ee. 

20, 24, Nathan Leake. 
John S. Wood. 
Daniel Parvin. 

John Sibley; 

21, John Lanning, Jr. 
25—28, 30, 
William B. Ewing. 
Lucius Q. C. Elmer. 
J. Mayhew. 

Ishrael Stratton. 
George Souder. 
Edmund Sheppard. 
Nathaniel Foster. 
36, Ellai P. Seeley. 
Philip Fithlan. 
Michael Swing. 
Jeremiah Stratton. 
William D. Barrett. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



191 



1776 to 1844. 



31—32, John Lanning. 

31, Henry Shaw. 

32, 43 — 44, Josiah Shaw. 

32, Reuben Hunt. 

33, Jeremiah Stull. 

33, Noah W. Flanagan. 

33, William Lore. 

34—36, Thomas E. Hunt. 

34 — 35, 39, Isaac Newcomb. 

34, 39, Ephraim H. Whltaker 
(Whitecar). 

36, Peter Ladow. 

37, Noah W. Flanagin. 
37, Samuel Bowen. 



37, 

38—39, 

38, 

40, 

40—41, 

40 — 41, 

41, 

42, 

42, 

42, 

43^4, 

43—44, 



David Whltaker (White- 
car). 

Belford M. Bonham. 
David Jones. 
Lewis Rice. 
Benjamin F. Chew. 
William P. Seeley. 
Elmer Ogden. 
Thomas Ware. 
Joseph Butcher. 
John R. Cory. 
Daniel L. Burt. 
Joseph Taylor. 



Essex County. 



1776, 83 — 85, Abraham Clark. 
76—82, 93, Caleb Camp. 
76, 82—88, Henry Garritso. 

77, Edward Fleming. 
77 — 79, 81, Jacob Brookfield. 
78, 82, Isaac Woodruff. 
79—80, Josiah Hornblower. 
80, 82—83, 85—86, 89, 93, 
Daniel Marsh. 

81, Samuel Potter. 

84, John Peck. 
86 — 87, 90, Jonathan Dayton. 
87—90, 94 — 97, Jonas Wade. 
88—89, John Condit. 

90, Abraham Ogden. 
91—92, 94—96, Ellas Dayton. 
91—92, Matthias Williamson. 
91—92, Israel Hedden. 
93, 96, 98—1800, 06—07, 
Abraham Spear. 
94 — 95, James Hedden. 
97—99, William S. Pennington. 

97, Stansbury Recompence. 
98—1800, 05—06, 09, 16, 

Charles Clark. 
1800 — 01, Jabez Parkhurst. 
01, 04, 06, 10, Amos Harrison. 

01, Ralph Post. 
02—04, 07, 10, 24, 28, 

Abraham Godwin. 
02—04, 0^—09, 13, 15, 17—18, 

Israel Day. 
02 — 04, Ezra Darby. 
04, 06, James Willcock. 
04, 06—09, Silas Whitehead. 
05—06, 10—15, 20—23, 25, 

Samuel Pennington. 
05 — 06, Moses Jacques. 
05—06, 17—18, William Gould. 

07, Abraham Vanhouten. 
08—09, 19, Nathan Squler, 



08, Andrew Wilson. 

10, Joseph Qulnby. 

11, Thaddeus Mills. 
11, 14, Samuel Condit. 

11, Abraham Ackerman. 
12—13, 19, Charles Klnsey. 
12 — 14, James Wilson. 
12—13, 16, Silas Condit. 
14 — 15, Jonathan Dayton. 
15—16, 20, 22—23, John Dow. 

16, Isaac H. Williamson. 
17—19, Thomas T. Kinney. 
17—23, Samuel B. Miller. 
20, 26—27, Stephen D. Day. 
21—22, Philemon Dickerson. 

21, Caleb Halstead. 

23, 25, John Mann. 

24, Francis C. F. Randolph. 

24, 26—27, Amzi Dodd. 
24—26, 28, William Stites. 

25, John Travers. 

26, Brant Van Blarcom. 

27, Oliver S. Halsted. 
27—28, Dennis Coles. 

28, William Pennington, 

29, Joseph C. Hornblovver. 
29, John J. Chetwood. 

29, John Vail. 

29, Luther Little. 

30, 33, Cornelius G. VanRiper. 
30—32, John J. Baldwin. 
30—32, Ira F. Randolph. 

30, Moses Smith. 

30, Stephen J. Meeker. 
31—32, David Martin. 
31 — 32, John P. Jackson. 
31—32, William Dickey. 
33—34, Asa Whitehead. 
33—34, John J. Bryant. 

33, Robert Morrell. 



192 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



177C to 1844. 



33—34, 


Gideon Ross. 


39—40, 


34—35, 


Andrew Parsons. 


39-^0, 


34, 


Jonas Smith. 


40—41, 


35— 3G, 


Jacob Flatt. 


40-^1, 


35—36, 


JosepLi N. Tuttie. 


40—41, 


35—36, 


James W. Wade. 


41-^4, 


35—36, 


John J. Chetwood. 


41, 


36—37, 


William J. Pierson. 


41—42, 


37, 


Stephen Dod. 


41—42, 


37—38, 


Alexander C. M. Penn- 


42—44, 




ington. 


42 — 44, 


37—38, 


John Littell. 


42—44, 


37, 


Israel Crane. 


42 — 44, 


38—39, 


Edward Sanderson. 


43—44, 


38—39, 


William Stites. 


43—44, 


38, 


Abraham V. Spear. 





James H. Robinson. 
Samuel H. Gardner. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Alexander Wilson. 
Benjamin P. Brookfleld. 
Stephen Congar. 
Jonas Smith. 
David B. Lum. 
Jabez Cook. 
Lemuel W. Jacobus. 
Jotham Potter. 
Samuel C. Smith. 
Jephtha Baldwin. 
Isaac Van Wagenan. 
John Runyon. 



Gloucester County. 



76, 92, Richard Somers. 

76, Robert F. Price. 

76, 1801, Isaac Mickle. 

77, 78, Elijah Clark. 

77, John Wilkins, Jr. 
77, Isaac Tomlinson. 

78, 81—85, 87—93, 1803—04, 

Joseph Cooper. 
79 — 80, John Sparks. 

79, Joseph Low. 
79—80, Thomas Kennard. 

80, Isaac Kay. 
81—83, 90, Samuel Hugg. 
78, 81—85, 

Joseph Ellis (Resigned). 
84—88, 90—91, Thomas Clark. 

85, David Davis. 
86—89, Franklin Davenport. 

86, John Kille. 

89, 93, 95—97, 1800, 02, 

Abel Clement. 
91—94, John Blackwood. 

94, Benjamin Whitall. 
94, 99, Thomas Wilkins. 
95—97, 1800—02, Samuel French. 
95—96, Thomas Somers. 

97, Daniel Leeds. 
98—99, Joshua L. Howell. 
98—1802, Samuel W. Harrison. 

98, James Wilkins. 
1803—06, Robert Newell. 
03—04, 15—16, Richard Risley. 
05—06, Reuben Clark. 
05—06, Samuel G. Champion. 
06, 10—11, Matthew Gill. 
00—07, 10, Michael C. Fisher. 
07 — 08, 11, Jacob Glover. 
07—08, 10, Benjamin Rulon. 
08—09, Thomas Doughty. 



08, 11, Joseph V. Clark. 

09, John Brick. 
12 — 17, Isaac Pine. 
12—13, Joseph C. Swett. 
12—13, Daniel Carrell. 
13—14, 24, 26, 

Charles French (Jan.). 

14, Nicholas Rape. 
15 — 17, Edward Sharj). 

17, 23, 28, John Estile (Estill). 

18, 24, 26, Daniel Lake. 
18—19, Samuel Kille. 

18, Samuel L. iJowell. 

19, Jeremiah J. Foster. 

19, Thomas Garwood. 

20, Jehu Wilson. 
20, William Tatem. 

20, 23, John Moore White. 
21—22, 25, 23, 34, 

John R. Scull. 

21, 23, 28, Charles C. Stratton. 
21—22, Joseph Kaighn. 

22, Isaac Mickle, Jr. 
24 — 25, Benjamin B. Cooper. 

24, Thomas Chapman. 
26—27, Thomas Bee. 
27—28, 37—38, Joseph Porter. 
27, 29, John W. Mickle. 

29, Isaac Hinchman. 
29—30, Japhet Ireland. 
30—31, Jacob Howey. 

30 — 31, 38 — 40, Charles Reeves. 

30, Robert L. Armstrong. 
31—32. Charles F. Wilkins. 
31 — 32, Samuel B. Wostcott. 

32, John Gill, Jr. 

32, 38—40, Elijah Bower. 
33 — 35, Joseph Rogers. 

33, Jesse Smith. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



193 



1776 to 1844. 



33—35, 


William R. Cooper. 


41—42, 


34—35, 


Samuel B. Lippencott. 


41, 


35, 


Joseph Knclicott. 


41, 


3G— 38, 


Joseph W. Cooper. 


42, 


36—37, 


James W. Caldwell. 


42, 


36—37, 


David C. Ogden. 


43—44, 


36, 


John Richards. 


43^4, 


39—40, 


Joseph Franklin. 


43—44, 


39^0, 


42, Richard W. Snowden. 


43—44, 


41, 


Joseph L. Pieison. 





Thomas 11. Whitney. 
John B. Miller. 
Charles Knight. 
Samuel C. Allen. 
Charles H. French. 
Nathan T. Stratton. 
Thomas B. Wood. 
Benjamin Harding. 
Samuel W. Cooper. 



1840, John S. Condit. 
41 — 42, Abraham L. Van Bos 
kerck. 



Hudson County. 

43 — 44, Benjamin F. Welch. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776—78, John Hart. 

76, 81, John Mehelm. 
76, Charles Coxe. 

77 — 78, 82, Nehemiah Dunham. 

77, 79—81, 83—88, 91—93, 95—98, 
1800, 02, 

Benjamin Van Cleve. 

78, David Chambers. 
79—80, Jared Sexton. 

79, William Gano. 
80—85, 88, John Lambert. 
82 — 84, Samuel Tucker. 
85 — 87, Joab Houghton. 
86—87, 89—90, 94. 

John Anderson. 

88, Robert Taylor. 

89, Joshua Corshen. 
89, Charles Axford. 

90 — 92, Thomas Lowrey. 

90, 92, John Taylor. 

91, 93—98, 1800, •»2, 

Aaron D. Woodruff. 
93—98, 1800, 02, Simon Wyckoff. 

93, Samuel Stout. 
94 — 95, David Frazer. 
96—97, 99—1800, 02, 

Stephen Burrows. 

97, Samuel R. Stewart. 

98, Joseph Beavers. 
98—99, 1801, 03—08, 

Joseph Hankinson. 
99—1801. 03—06, 17, John Haas. 

99, John Lequear. 
1801, 03—06, Nathan Stout. 
01 — 03, Peter Gordon. 

04, Hugh Runyon. 

04, Ellett Tucker. 
05—06, 08, Joshua Wright. 
06 — 14, Aaron Vansyckle. 
13 



07, John Dowers. 
07—11, 21, Moses Stout. 
09—11, 22, James J. Wilson. 

10, Elnathan Stevenson. 

11, Thomas Frail, Jr. 
12—13, William Potts. 
12 — 13, David Manners. 
12—13, Benjamin Wright. 
13—14, Edward Yard. 
13—14, Samuel Barber. 
13—14, John Opdycke. 
15—16, John Farlee. 
15—17, William Nixon. 
15—16, 18—20, 23, 

Abraham Stout. 
16—17, Thomas Prall. 
17—18, Robert McNeely. 
18—19, 27—29, Isaac G. Farlee. 
18—23, George Maxwoll. 
19, 21, Isaac Taylor. 

20, Israel Taylor. 
20—21, 25—27, Thomas Capner. 

22, Levi Knowles. 
22, 27, Garret D. Wall. 
23—28, 30—32, Enoch Clifford. 
23—24, David Johnston. 
24—26, Asa C. Dunham. 
24, 28—31, Alexander Wurts. 
25—26, 30, 33, John Barton. 
28—29, Stacy G. Potts. 

29, Gabriel Hoff. 
30—33, Edward S. Mcllvalne. 
30—32, 34—35, William Marshall. 
31—32, Cornelius Ludlow. 
33—34, William H. Sloan. 
33 — 34, Sutphin Garrison. 

33, Andrew Weart. 
33—34, John W. nine. 

84. William McKee. 



194 



ME3MBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 





177C 


to 1844. 


35—36, 


Joseph Brown. 


38, 


35—37, 


John Hall. 


39—40, 


35—36, 


Wilson Bray, 


39^0, 


35—36, 


John Blane. 


41, 


36, 


Andrew Larason. 


41—42, 


37, 


James A. Phillips. 


41—42, 


37—38, 


David Neiglibour. 


41—42, 


37, 43—44, Jonathan Pickel. 


43-44, 


37, 


John H. fluaCman. 


43 — i4. 


38—40, 


Philip Hiler. 


43^4, 



James Sny.ler. 
George Servis. 
Joseph Exton. 
Jonathan Dawes. 
Leonard H. Flomerfelt. 
John B. Mattison. 
Isaac R. Srope. 
John Swackhamer. 
John H. Case. 
Joseph Johnson. 



Mercer County. 



1838—39, Josiah S. Worth. 

38, Robert C. Hutchinson. 
39—40, William Rosco. 

40, James Wilson. 

41, Isaac Baker. 

41, Isaac W. Lanning. 



41 — 42, John B. Mount. 

42, Isaac Batten. 

42, Henry W. Green. 
43 — 44, Israel J. Woodward. 
43—44, Richard J. Bond. 
43 — 44, John Lowry. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, 82—88, 91, 99, 1802, 06—10, 

John Combs. 

1776, Daniel Moores. 06—07, 

76—78, 94—95, 99, 08—10, 

Benjamin Manning. 11, 

77, 79, Matthias Baker. 11, 

77, Jacob Vandike. 11, 17, 

78, 80, Jacob Schenck. 14—15, 

78, Ebenezer Ford. 14, 

79, John Neilson. 16, 
79, Thomson Stelle. 16—18, 

80 — 82, Jacob Suydam. 17—18, 

80, 88, Melancthon Freeman. 19, 25, 

81, Jacob Martin. 19, 21- 

81—82, John Conger. 19—22, 

83 — 85, 88, James Schuurman. 20 — 26, 

83, Samuel Fitz-Randolph. 

84, Moses Bloomfield. 23 — 24, 
85—86, 87, 89, James Bonney. 23—24, 
86 — 87, James Douglass. 27 — 28, 

89, John Beatty. 28, 

89—90, 92—93, 96, 98, 29, 

Thomas McDowell. 29, 

90 — 95, Peter Vredenbergh. 29, 

90—92, John Ruuyan. 30—31, 

93, John Rattoone. 30 — 31, 

94—98, James Morgan. 31—32, 

96, Joseph F. Randolph. 32, 
97—1804, Gershom Dunn. 32, 

97, Andrew Kirkpatrick. 32, 34, 
1800, 14—15, William Edgar. 33, 
1800 — 01, John Neilson. 33, 
01—06, 12—13, 20, 33, 36, 

Erkuries Beatty. 33 — 34, 
03—10, 12—13, James Voorhees. 34—35, 

05—06, Andrew Elston. 34—35, 



12—13, 15—16, 18, 27, 
James Parker. 
Alexander Dunn. 
George Boice. 
John Brewster. 
John L. Anderson. 
26, Jamos T. Dunn. 
John N. Simpson. 
Alexander Dunn. 
Hezekiah Smith. 
Allison Ely. 
Frazee Ayres. 
27 — 28, Charles Carson. 
-22, Samuel Edgar. 
25—26, James Cook. 
30—31, 

John T. McDowell. 
James F. Randolph, 
David Schenck. 
Andrew Snowhill. 
Nicholas Booraem. 
Littleton Kirkpatrick. 
Abraham Cruser. 
Josiah B. Howell. 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Charles G. McChesney 
David W, Vail. 
John H, Dlsborough. 
Simeon Mundy. 
Henry "Vandyke. 
John M. Tufts. 
Abraham W. Brown. 
Samuel C. Jolines. 
37, Richard S. Field. 
Ralph M. Crowell. 
Ellas Runyon. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



195 



1776 to 1844. 



35 — 38, George P. Malleson. 

35, George T. McDowell. 

36, Thompson Edgar. 

36, William C. Alexander. 
37—88, David B. Appleget. 
37 — 39, Lewis Golding. 

38, 40, Adam Lee. 

39, Frederick Richmond. 

39, 41, David Dunn. 

39, Cornelius C. Cruser. 



40 — 41, John Acken. 

40, Israel R. Coriell. 

40, Dean Britton. 

41, Frazee Ayres. 

41, Aaron Gulick. 
42—44, John D. Field. 

42, Warren Brown. 

42 — 44, William Patterson. 

42—44, William L. Schenck. 

43—44, Joel B. Laing. 



Monmouth County. 



1776, 81—82, 92, 20, 

John Covenhoven. 21 — 24, 

76, Joseph Holmes, Jr. 21—22, 

76—79, James Mott, Jr. 21—27, 

77—78, 86, Peter Schenck. 22, 

77 — 79, Hendrick Smock. 23, 

79—81, Thomas Seabrook. 24—26, 

80, Nathaniel Scudder. 24—30, 

80—84, Thomas Henderson. 27, 

82—85, Daniel Hendrickson. 28 — 80, 

83, Peter Covenhoven. 28, 

84—86, 94—95, Ellsha Walton. 29—80, 

85—1801, Joseph Stillwell. 29—30, 

87—98, Thomas Little. 81, 33, 

87—89, James Rogers. 81—36, 
90—91, 93—96, John (H.) Imlay. 81, 88- 

96, William Wickoff. 81, 33- 

97, 1808, Robert Montgomery. 82, 
97—1800, William Lloyd. 32, 

98, 1800, 08, David Gordon. 32, 
99, Edward Taylor. 34 — 36, 

1801—07, James Cox. 86, 

01—04, 10—11, Peter Knott. 37, 

01 — 07, John A. Scudder. 37, 

04—07, 09, Henry Tiebout. 87, 

08, 12—18, Tylee Williams. 37, 

09, Silas Crane. 38 — 39, 
09—10, 18—14, John S. Holmes. 38—89, 

10—11, 13—14, 19—20, 88—39, 

Thomas Cox. 38 — 89, 

11, 18 — 14, James Anderson. 40, 

12—18, John Stillwell. 40, 

12—18, 28, 25—28, James Lloyd. 40, 

15 — 16, George Ilolcombe. 40, 
15—18, 20, Matthias Van Barkle.41— 44, 

15—18, Reuben Shreve. 41 — 44, 

17—19, 21, Charles Parker. 41 — 44, 

18—19, William Ten Eycke. 41—44, 

19, Jacob Butcher. 41—44, 

20, Samuel F. Allen. 



Isaac Hance. 
William I. Conover. 
Corlis Lloyd. 
John T. Woodhull. 
John J. Ely. 
Cornelius AValling. 
Joseph Conover. 
James West. 
James Hopping. 
Daniel H. Ellis. 
Leonard Walling. 
Augustus W. Bennett. 
Ivins (W.) Davis. 
Benjamin Woodward. 
Annaniah Gifford. 
-85, Daniel B. Ryall. 
-86, Thomas G. Height. 
James S. Lawrence. 
Nicholas Van Wickle. 
Elisha Lippincott. 
William Burtis. 
Arthur V. Conover. 
Samuel Mairs. 
Edmund T. Williams. 
Thomas Miller. 
James GulicTi. 
James Craig. 
Thomas E. Combs. 
William P. Forman. 
Garret Hiers. 
John Meirs. 
Henry W. Wolcott. 
James Grover. 
Charles Morris. 
Thomas C. Throckmortoa 
John R. Conover. 
Joseph Brinley. 
Benjamin L. Irons. 
Samuel R. OUphant 



196 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 
Morris County. 



177e— 78, Jacob Drake. 
76—77, 79, 81—90, Ellis Cook. 
76—77, William WoodbuU. 
78—79, Abraham Kitchel. 
78, 95, David Thomson. 

79, Alexander Carmichael. 

80, William Winds. 
80, John Carle. 

80, Eleazer Lindsly. 
81—82, 84, 86—90, 93—94, 97, 
1801—04, 09. 

Aaron Kitchel. 
81—83, 85—88, 91, 95, 
John Starke. 
83, Jonathan Dickerson. 
84 — 85, 89 — 90, Jacob Arnold. 
91—94, 96—98, 1800, Silas Condit. 
91—92, Hiram Smith. 

92, John Wurts. 
93—94, 96—97, 1800, 
David Welsh. 

95, John Debow. 

96, John Cobb. 
98—99, 1801—04, 

William Corwin. 
98 — 1800, Cornelius Voorhees. 

99, William Campfleld. 
1802 — 04, Jonathan Ogden. 
04 — 06, Jesse Upson. 
05 — 09, Lewis Condict. 
05—06, George Tucker. 
06 — 08, Nicholas Neighbour. 
07—13, Stephen Dod. 
10 — 14, Jephthah B. Munn. 
10, 13—15, Nicholas Mandeville. 
11 — 13, Mahlon Dickerson. 
13, 31, Leonard Neighbor. 
14 — 22, David Thompson, Jr. 
15—16, 19, Benjamin Condit. 
15—16, Ezekiel Kitchell. 
16—18, Samuel Halliday. 
17 — 18, John S. Darcy. 
17, 21—22, 24, 

Benjamin McCurry (Mc- 

Courry). 
18—19, 21—24, 32, 

William Brittin, 
19—20. Silas Cook. 



20—21, 

20, 

22—23, 

23—26, 

24, 

25—26, 

25—27, 

26, 35, 

27, 

27, 

27, 

28—30, 

28—30, 

28—30, 

31, 

31, 33- 

31, 35, 

32, 

32, 

32, 

33—34, 

33—35, 

33—34, 

35. 



36, 

36, 

37—38, 

37—38, 

37—38, 

37—38, 

39-^0, 

39—40, 

39, 

39—40, 

40—41, 

41, 

41—42, 

41, 

42, 

42, 

42—44, 

43—44, 

43—44, 

43—44, 



23, 28—30, 
William Monro. 
Benjamin Smith. 
25, Ebenezer F. Smith. 
George K. Drake. 
John Scott. 
Joseph Dickerson. 
Ephraim Marsh. 
John D. Jackson. 
David Mills. 
Stephen Thompson. 
Walter Kirkpatrick. 
Joseph Jackson. 
Charles Hillard. 
John Hancock. 
Elijah Ward. 
-34, Thomas Mulr. 
James Cook. 
Samuel Beach. 
Jacob W. Miller. 
Joseph Smith. 
Joseph Dickerson, Jr. 
Henry Hilliard. 
Silas Lindsley. 
Isaac Qulmby. 
John A. Bleeker. 
William Dellicker. 
Alexander Dickerson. 
William Logan. 
Lewis Condict. 
Silas Tuttle. 
Robert C. Stephens. 
Ezekiel B. Gaines. 
Abraham Brittin. 
Ebenezer F. Smith. 
Jacob Weise. 
Paul B. De Bow, 
James W. Drake. 
Samuel B. Halsey. 
William Stephens. 
Thomas C. Willis. 
Samuel C. Halsey. 
David T. Cooper. 
James Clark. 
John M. Losey. 
Samuel Willet. 
George Vail. 



Passaic County. 



1837, Aaron S. Pennington. 
37—38, Henry M. Brown. 
38—39, Elisha Clarke. 
39 — 40, John F. Kyerson. 

40, James Speer. 

41, George M. Ryerson. 



41, Samuel A. "Van Saun. 

42, Martin I. Ryerson. 

42. Adrian R. Van Houten. 

43 — 44, William S. Hogencamp. 

43 — 44, Thaddeus Board. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



19^ 



1776 to 1844. 
Salem County. 



1776, 86, 89, Edmund Wetherby. 19, 

76, Samuel Dick. 20, 30, 

76, Elisha Basset, Jr. 20—21, 

77, 87—89, Benjamin Holme. 21, 23, 

77—79, Whitten Cripps. 21, 23, 

77, 82, 84—85, 87—88, 22, 

Thomas Sinnickson. 22, 

78, 80, Allen Congleton, Jr. 23, 
78—80, John Mayhew. 24—26, 

79, 82, 84—85, Anthony Sharp. 24—25, 

80, 84, William Smith. 24, 

81, 83, 86, Ephraim Lloyd. 26, 
81—82, 84—85, 87—89, 27, 29, 

Edward Hall. 27, 

81, James James. 28, 

83, Thomas Norris. 28, 

86, 90 — 91, Samuel Sharp. 28, 

90, John Smith. 29, 

90, Benjamin Cripps. 29, 31, 

91, 93, Bateman Lloyd. 30, 
91—95, 98, John Sinnickson. 30, 
92 — 95, 1800, Eleazer Mayhew. 31, 

92, 94, Thomas Clement. 31, 
95—97, William Wallice. 32, 

96, William Parret. 32, 

96, Gervas Hall; 32, 34, 

97, Clement Hall. 33, 

97, 99, 1801, ArtlB Seagrave. 33, 

98, 1800, Anthony Keasby. 33, 
98 — 99, Joseph Shinn. 34, 
99—1800, Isaac Moss. 34, 
1801—04, Edward Burroughs. 35—36, 
01 — 04, Merryman Smith. 35, 
02 — 04, Samuel Ray. 35, 
04 — 14, Jeremiah Dubois. 36, 
05—06, Charles Jones. 36, 
05 — 06, Hedge Thompson. 37, 
06—08, Daniel Garrison. 37, 42, 

06, Daniel Tracy. 38, 

07—08, Nathan Bassett. 38—39, 

09—10, 17, Philip Curriden. 38—39, 

09, 11, John Smith. 39, 

10, Samuel Miller. 40, 

11, Anthony Nelson. 40, 
12—13, Robert H. Van Meter. 40, 
12—15, 19, James Newell. 41, 
13—14, John Dickinson. 41, 
13, 26—27, Henry Freas. 41, 
15—16, Joseph Kllle. 42, 

15, 19—20, 22, Morris Hancock. 42, 
16—18, Stacy Lloyd. 43—44, 

16, 18, John Mayhew. 43 — 44, 

17, Peter Bilderback. 43 — 44, 

18, Thomas Yarrow. 



Thomas jMurpby. 
Zaccheus Ray. 
John G. Mason. 
25, Robert G. Johnson. 
Abraham Swing. 
Jonathan Richman. 
John Sinnickson. 
Aaron 0. Dayton. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Israel R. Clawson. 
Samuel Clement. 
Benjamin Archer. 
William N. Jeffers. 
Thomas Sinnickson. 
Edward Smith. 
Jeremiah Foster. 
William J. Shinn. 
Jacob Wick. 
Darid Hurley. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 
John Summerill. 
James Butcher. 
Isaac Johnson. 
Anthony Nelson. 
James W. Mulford. 
37, Isaac Johnson, 2d. 
Nehemiah Garrison. 
Richard P. Thompson. 
Jacob Hitchner. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Joseph Lippencott. 
Hudson A. Springer. 
Thomas J. Yorke. 
William Cook. 
Woodnut Petit. 
H. J. Fries. 
John Hall. 
John W. Maskell. 
Joseph Hancock. 
John Sumerille, Jr. 
Moses Richman, Jr. 
David Hurley. 
John Dickinson. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Alexander G. Cattell. 
John G. Ballinger. 
William H. Nelson. 
Thomas Flanagan. 
Nathaniel Robbinp, Sr. 
Thomas Dickinson, Jr. 
Samuel Capner. 
Allen Wallace. 
Thomas Bilderback. 



198 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 



Somerset County. 



1776, Jacob Bogart. 
76, Alexander MacEowen. 

76, Reoloff Vandike. 
77—78, William-Churchill Houb- 

ton. 

77, Alexander Kirkpatrick. 
77—79, Reoloff Sebring. 

78, 80—81, 84, 

David Kirkpatrick. 
79 — 88, 94, Edward Bunn. 

79, Henry Vandike. 
80, 84, Christopher Hoagland. 
81 — 82, John Schuurman. 

82, Deick I^ongstreet. 

83, Cornelius Ten-Broeck. 

83, 89, John Wltherspoon. 

84. 1800—04, 

Frederick Frelinghuysen. 

eg go Q2 

Robert Blaire (Blair). 
85—87, David Kelley. 

88, John Hardenbergh. 
89, 1812—13, 

Jacob R. Hardenburgh. 
90—91, 93, 95, Robert Stockton. 
90—91, 94—96, 1811—13, 

Peter D. Vroom. 
90—91, James Linn. 

92, William Wallace. 
92—99, 1811, Henry Southard. 

93, Jonathan Ford Morris. 
96—1810, 12—14, 

James Van Duyn. 

97, John Stryker. 

98, David Kelly. 
99—1806, 11, 

William McEowen. 



1804, 16—19, 22—23, 

James Stryker. 

04, John Annin. 
05—10, Peter I. Stryker. 

07, Samuel Swan. 
08 — 10, John N. Simpson. 
13—15, Samuel Bayard. 
13 — 19, Joseph Annin. 

15, Andrew Howell. 

16, Cornelius Van Horn. 
17 — 19, Martin Schenck. 
20—21, 23—25, Dickinson Miller. 
20—25, 30—31, Jacob Kline. 
20—21, John H. Disborough. 

22, Henry Vanderveer. 
24—27, James S. Green. 
26—27, James D. Stryker. 
26—27, 29, Peter D. Vroom, Jr. 
28—29, James S. Nevius. 

28, William C. Annin. 

28, John H. Voorhees. 
29—31, Ferdinand S. Schenck. 
30—31, 35, William Cruser. 
32—34, John Brees. 
32—34, William D. Stewart. 
32 — 34, Cornelius L. Hardenburg. 
35 — 36, Nicholas C. Jobs. 

35, William D. Mclvissack. 
36—38, David T. Talmage. 
36—38, Henry Duryee. 
37—38, Ralph Voorhees. 
39—41, Henry H. Wilson. 
39 — 41, Daniel Cory. 
39 — 41, Arthur V. P. Sutphin. 
42 — 44, Samuel Reynolds. 
42 — 44, Peter Voorhees. 
42—44, Peter Kline. 



Sussex County. 



1776—78, Casper Shaffer. 


82, 


76, Abia Brown. 


82—92, 


76—77, Thomas Peterson. 


83, 


77, John MacMurtie. 


84—89, 


78, Jacob MacCollum. 


85—88, 


78, Benjamin MacCullough. 


89—90, 


79, Mark Thompson. 


90, 


79, 81, Peter Hopkins. 


91—92, 


79, Anthony Broderick. 


91—92, 


80, Edmund Martin. 




80, Hugh Hughes. 


93—96, 


80, Samuel Kennedy. 


93—94, 


81, Joshua Swayze. 


93—97, 


81—84, Isaac Van-Campen. 


95, 



Isaac Martin. 
Aaron Hanklnson. 
William Maxwell. 
Charles Beardslee. 
Christopher Longstreet. 
John Rutherford. 
Robert Ogden. 
William Helmes (Helms). 
Bidleman Voluntine (Val- 
entine). 

99, William McCullough. 
Martin Ryerson. 
Peter Sharp. 
George Armstrong 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



199 



1776 to 1844. 



9ft— 97, Peter Smith. 

97, Thomas Armstrong. 
97—98, John Gustin. 

98 — 1800, Joseph Gaston. 
98—1806, Levi Howell. 

98, William Runkle. 
99—1802, Silas Dlckerson. 
1800, 04—06, 10—12, 

Joseph Sharp. 
01—04, John Linn. 
01 — 04, Abraham Shaver. 
03 — 04, John Johnson. 
04—06, 08—11, 

William Kennedy. 
05 — 06, William Armstrong. 
06 — 08, Henry Hanklnson. 

06, John Coursen. 
06 — 07, Daniel Barker. 

06, William A. Ryerson. 
07 — 09, Aaron Kerr. 
07—09, John Cox. 
09—11, Richard Edsall. 

10, George Bidleman. 

11, Garret Vlelt. 

12 — 15, Simon Cortrigfat. 

12 — 15, James Davison. 

12—15, Robert W. Rutherford. 

13 — 15, Joseph Sharp. 

16 — 17, Abraham Bidleman. 

16 — 19, Robert C. Thomson. 

16, William Darrah. 

16, Peter Decker. 
17 — 19, George Beardslee. 
17 — 19, Jeremy Mackey. 
18—19, 22—23, 

Thomas 'Teasdale, Jr. 

20. Jacob Hornbeck. 



20, Abraham Shaver. 

20, Peter Kline. 
20, 23, Joseph Coryell. 
21—22, Leffert Haughawoux. 
21—22, 32—34, 

Benjamin Hamilton. 

21, Jacob Ayres. 
21—22, 24, James Egbert. 

23, Abraham Newman. 
23, 25 — 27, Joseph Chandler. 

24, Daniel Swayze. 
24, Evl A. Sayer. 

24, Joseph Edsall. 

25, Nathan A. Shafer. 
26 — 27, Hiram Munson. 
28—31, Peter Merkel. 

28 — 29, James Evans. 
30 — 31, Simeon McCoy. 
30—31, John Hull. 
32—34, Joseph Greer. 
32—33, Peter Young. 
34 — 35, Joshua Shay. 
35—36, John Strader. 
35 — 36, Joseph Linn. 

36, Benjamin Hull. 
37—38, William J. Willson. 
37 — 38, Isaac Shiner. 
37—38, John Hull. 
39 — 40, Samuel Truex. 
39—40, William H. Nyce. 
39 — 40, Joseph Greer. 
41 — 42, Isaac Bonnell. 
41—42, David Hynard. 
41 — 42, Nathan Smith. 
43 — 44, Jesse Bell. 
43 — 44, Absalom Dunning. 
43—44, Timothy H. Cok. 



Warren County. 



1825, 


James Egbert. 


34, 


Jacob Brotzman. 


25, 


Daniel Swayze. 


34—37, 


George Flummerfelt. 


26, 


Archibald Robertson. 


34, 


Henry Hanklnson. 


26—27, 


Jacob Armstrong. 


35—36, 


John Young. 


27—28, 


Jonathan Robbins. 


37—38, 


William Larrison. 


28—29, 


Daniel Vlelt. 


37—38, 


Henry Van Nest. 


29, 


Jacob Summers. 


38—39, 


Samuel Shoemaker. 


30, 


Samuel Wilson. 


39-^1, 


George W. Smyth. 


30—32, 


35—36, 


39-41, 


John Moore. 




Caleb H. Valentine. 


40—42, 


Jacob H. Winter. 


30—31, 


Richard Shackelton. 


42—44, 


Stephen Warne. 


31, 33, 


Charles Sitgreaves. 


42—44, 


Abraham Wlldrlck. 


32—33, 


John Blair. 


43—44, 


Robert C. Caskey. 


32—33, 


Isaac Shlpman. 







liOO 



STATE SENATORS. 



STATE SENATORS. 

BY COUNTIES, FROM 1845 TO 1917. 



45—47, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—68, 
69—71, 

45—47, 
48—49, 
50—51, 
52—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 

45—46, 
47-49, 
50—52, 
53—58, 
59—61, 
«2, 
63—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—79, 

45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—72, 
73—81, 

45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65— «7, 
68—70, 
71—78, 
74—76, 



Atlantic 

Joel Adams. 
Lewi* M. Walker. 
Joseph B. Potts. 
David B. Somers. 
Enoch Cordery. 
Thomas B. Morris. 
Samuel Stllle. 
David S. Blackman. 
Jesse Adams. 



County. 

72—74, William Moore. 
75—77, Hosea F. Madden. 
78 — 92, John J. Gardner. 
93—98, Samuel D. Hoffman. 
99 — 1901, Lewis Evans. 
02—07, Edward S. Lee. 
08 — 11, Edward A. Wilson. 
11—16, Walter E. Edge. 
17 — 20, Emerson L. Richards. 



Bergen County. 



Richard R. PauUson. 
Isaac I. Harding. 
John Van Brunt. 
Abraham Hopper. 
Daniel D. Depew. 
Thomas H. Herring. 
Ralph S. Demarest. 
Daniel Holsman. 
John Y. Dater. 
James J. Brlnkerhoff. 
Cornelias Lydecker, 



75 — 77, George Dayton. 

78—80, Cornelius S. Cooper. 

81—83, Isaac Wortendyke. 

84—85, Ezra Miller. 

80—89, John W. Bogert. 

90—95, Henry D. Wlnton. 

96 — 1900, William M. Johnson. 

01 — 11, Edmund W. Wakelee. 

11 — 14, Jas. A. C. Johnson. 

14 — 17, Charles O'C. Hennessy. 

17—20, William B. Mackay, Jr. 



Burlingi;on County. 



James S. Hulme. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
Joseph Satterthwaite. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Joseph W. Pharo. 
William Garwood. 
Geo. M. Wrlrht. 
Job H. Gaskell. 
Henry J. Irick. 
Barton F. Thorn. 
Caleb G. Rid^way. 

Camden 
Richard W. Howell. 
Joseph C. Stafford. 
John Gill. 

Thomas W. Mulford. 
John K. Roberts. 
William P. Tatem. 
James M. Scovel. 
Edward Bettle. 
William J. Sewell. 

Cape 
Reuben WUlets. 
James L. Smith. 
Enoch Edmunds. 
Joshua Swain, Jr. 
Jesse H. Dlverty. 
Downs Edmunds. 
Jonathan F, Learning, 
Wllmon W. Ware. 
Leamlns M. Rice. 
Thomas Beesley. 
Richard S. Leamlng. 



80 — 82, Wm. Budd Deacon. 
83—85, Hezeklah B. Smith. 
86—91, William H. Carter. 
92—94, Mitchell B. Perkins. 
95—97, William C. Parry. 
98 — 1900, Howard B. Packer. 
01 — 03, Nathan Haines. 
04 — 06, John G. Horner. 
07 — 09, Samuel K. Bobbins. 
10—13, Griffith W. Lewis. 
13—16, Blanchard H. White. 
16—19, Harold B. Wells. 
County. 

82—84, Albert Merritt. 
85—87, Richard N. Herring. 
88—90, George Pfelffer, Jr. 
91—96, Maurice A. Rogers. 
97—1902, Herbert W. Johnson. 
03—12, William J. Bradley. 
12—16, William T. Read. 
17, 18, John B. Kates. 



May County. 

77 — 79, Jonathan F. Leamlng. 
80—85, Waters B. Miller. 
86 — 88, Joseph H. Hanes. 
89—91, Walter S. Learning. 
92-04, Lemuel E. Miller. 
95 — ^97, Edmund L. Ross. 
98 — 1903, Robert E. Hand. 
04 — 06, Lewis M. Crease. 
07—13, Robert B. Hand. 
13 — 16, Harry C. Wheaton. 
16 — 19, Lewis T. Stevens. 



STATE SENATORS. 



201 



Cumberland County. 



45—46, 
47—50. 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
6»— 68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 



Enoch H. More. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Reuben Fithlan. 
Lewis Howell. 
John L. Sharp. 
Nat. Stratton. 
Providence Ludlam. 
James H. Nixon. 
C. Henry Shepherd. 
J. Howard WiUets. 



78 — 80, George S. Whitlcar. 
81—86, Isaac T. Nichols. 
87—89, Philip P. Baker. 
90 — 92, Seaman R. Fowler. 
93—1901, Edward C. Stokes. 
02—11, Bloomfleld H. Minch. 
11—14, Isaac T. Nichols. 
14 — 17, John A. Ackley. 
17—20, J. Hampton Fithlan. 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—75, 
76—78, 
79—81, 



45—48, 
49—51, 

52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 



Joseph S. Dodd. 
Stephen R. Grover. 
Asa Whitehead. 
Stephen Congar. 
George R. Chetwood. 
Charles L. C. Glfford. 
James M. Quinby. 
John G. Trusdell. 
James L. Hays. 
John W. Taylor, 
William H. Kirk. 
William H. Francis. 



Essex County. 

82—84, William Stainsby. 
85—87, Frederick S. Fish. 
88—90, A. F. R. Martin. 
91—93, Michael T. Barrett. 
94 — 99, George W. Ketcham. 
1900—02, Thos. N. McCarter, Jr. 
03—05, J. Henry Bacheller. 
06—09, Everett Colby. 
09—12, Harry V. Osborne. 
12—16, Austen Colgate. 
17, 18, Edmund B. Osborne. 



Gloucester County. 



70—75, 
76—78. 



45—47, 
48—49, 
50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—61, 
62—65, 
66—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 
78—80, 



John C. Smallwood. 
Charles Reeves. 
John Burk. 
Joseph Franklin. 
Jeptha Abbott. 
John Pierson. 
Joseph L. Reeves. 
Woodward Warrick. 
Samuel Hopkins. 
Thomas P. Mathers. 



79—81, John F. Bodine. 
82—83, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
84 — 87, Stacy L. Pancoast. 
88—90, Joseph B. Roe. 
91—93, George H. Barker. 
94 — 96, Daniel J. Packer. 
97—1902, Solomon H. Stanger. 
03 — 05, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
06 — 09, John Boyd Avis. 
09—18, George W. F. Gaunt. 



Hudson County. 



Richard Outwater. 
John Tonnele. 
John Cassedy. 
Abraham O. Zabriskle. 
Moses B. Bramhall. 
C. V. Clickener. 
Samuel Westcott. 
Theo. F. Randolph. 
Charles H. Wlnfleld. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
John R. McPherson. 
Leon Abbett. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 



81—83, Elijah T. Paxon. 
84—86, William Brinkerhoff. 
87—89, William D. Edwards. 
90—91, 'Edward F. McDonald. 

92, Robert S. Hudspeth. 
92—98, William D. Daly. 
99—1900, Allan L. McDermott. 
01—04, Robert S. Hudsepth. 
05 — 07, James F. Minturn. 
08—13, ♦♦James F. Fielder. 
14—17, Charles M. Egan. 
17—20, Cornelius A. McGlennon. 



*Mr. McDonald was unseated the last week of the session of 
1890, and William S. Stuhr was given his seat. The first week of 
the session of 1891 Mr. Stuhr was unseated and Mr. McDonald 
resumed his seat. 

♦♦Became Acting Governor March 1st, '13; resigned October 
28th. 



202 



STATE SENATORS. 



Hunterdon County. 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
63—55, 
5e— 58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—79. 



45—50, 
51—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 



Alexander Wurts. 
Isaac G. Farlee. 
John Manners. 
Alexander V. Bonnell. 
John C. Raflferty. 
Edmund Perry. 
John Blane. 
Alexander Wurts. 
Joseph G. Bowne. 
David H. Banghart. 
Fred A. Potts. 
James N. Pldcock. 



80 — 82, Ell Bosenbury. 
83 — 85, John Carpenter, Jr. 
86—88, George H. Large. 
89—91, Mobes K. E/erltt. 
92—94, William H. Martin. 
95—97, Richard S. Kuhl. 
98—1900, John R. Foster. 
01—03, William C. Gebhardt. 
04 — 06, George F. Martens, Jr. 
07—13, William C. Gebhardt. 
13 — 19, George F. Martens, Jr. 



Mercer County. 



69—71, 
72—74. 
75—77, 
78—80, 

45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58. 
59—61, 
62—70, 
71—76, 
77—79, 
80—82, 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—71, 

72, 
73—78, 
7»— 81, 



45—47, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—70, 
71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 
78—80, 



Charles S. Olden. 
William C. Alexander. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Jonathan Cook. 
Edward W. Scudder. 
Aug. G. Richey. 
John Woolverton. 
Charles Hewitt. 
Jonathan H. Blackwell 
Crowell Marsh. 

IMiddlesex County 



81 — 83, John Taylor. 
84 — 86, George O. Vanderbllt. 
87—92, John D. Rue. 
93—98, William H. Sklrm. 
99—1904, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 
05—07, Barton B. Hutchinson. 
08 — 14, Harry D. Leavitt. 
14—17, Barton B. Hutchinson. 
17 — 20, James Hammond. 



David Crowell. 
Adam Lee. 
Edward Y. Rogers. 
Ralph C. Stults. 
Henry V. Speer. 
Abra. Bveritt. 
Amos Robbins. 
Levi D. Jarrard. 
George C. Ludlow. 
Isaac L. Martin. 



83—85, Abraham V. Schenck. 
86—88, Daniel C. Chase. 
89—94, Robert Adraln. 
95 — 97, Charles B. Herbert. 
98 — 1900, James H. Van Cleef. 
01 — 03, Theodore Strong. 
04—08, Wm. H. C. Jackson. 
07—13, George S. Silzer. 
13 — 16, William E. Ramsay. 
16—19, William E. Florance. 



Monmouth County. 



Thomas B. Combs. 
George F. Fort. 
John A. Morford. 
William D. Davis. 
Robert S. Laird. 
Wm. H. Hendrickson. 
Anthony Reckless. 
Henry S. Little. 
Wm. H. Conover, Jr. 
Wm. H. Hendrickson. 
George C. Beekman. 

Morris 
John B. Johnes. 
Ephraim Marsh. 
John A. Bleecker. 
Alexander Robertson. 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
Daniel Budd. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
George T. Cobb. 
Columbus Beach. 
Augustus W. Cutler. 
John Hill. 
Augustus C. Canfleia. 



82—84, John S. Applegate. 
85—87, Thomas G. Chattle. 
88 — 90, Henry M. Nevlus. 
91—92, Thomas S. R. Brown. 

93, Henry S. Terhune. 
94 — 96, James A. Bradley. 
97—1902, Charles Asa Francis 
03—12, Oliver H. Brown. 
12—15, John W. Slocum. 
15 — 18, Henry E. Ackerson, Jr. 

County. 

81 — 86, James C. Youngblood. 
87—92, George T. Werts. 
93—95, Ellas C. Drake. 
96 — 98, John B. Vreeland. 
99—1901, Mahlon Pitney. 
02—04, Jacob W. Welsh. 
05 — 09, Thomas J. Hillery. 

10, Edward K. Mills. 
11—14, Richard Fitzherbert. 
14 — 17. Charles A. Rathbun. 
17—20, Harry W. Mutchler. 



STATE SENATORS. 



203 



Ocean County. 



51—53, 
54—56, 
57—62, 



69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 
78—80, 
81—83, 
84r— 92, 



45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—82, 



45, 

46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 



Samuel Blrdsall. 
Jas. Cowperthwalte. 
William F. Brown. 
George D. Horner. 
John Torrey, Jr. 
John G. W. Havens. 
John S. Schultze. 
Ephralm P. Emson. 
Abram C. B, Havens, 
George T. Cranmer. 

Passaic 

Cornelius G. Garrison. 
Martin J. Ryerson. 
Silas D. Canfleld. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Jetur R. Rlggs. 
Benjamin Buckley. 
John Hopper. 
Henry A. Williams. 
John Hopper. 
Garret A. Hobart. 



93 — 95, George G. Smith. 
96—98, Robert B. Engle. 
99—1901, George G. Smith. 
02 — 07, George L. Shinn. 
08—09, William J. Harrison. 

10, Thomas A. Mathis. 
11 — 14, George C. Low. 
14—17, Thomas A. Mathis. 
17—20, David G. Conrad. 



County. 

83 — 88, John W. Griggs. 
89—91, John Mallon. 
92—94, John Hinchliffe. 
95 — 97, Robert Williams. 
98—1900, Christian Braun. 
01—06, Wood McKee. 
07—10, John Hinchliffe. 
10 — 13, John D. Prince. 
13—16, Peter J. McGinnls. 
16—19, Thomas F. McCran. 



Salem County. 



70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 

45—46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—73, 
74—76, 



William J. Shinn. 
Benjamin Acton, Jr. 
John Summerill, Jr. 
Allen Wallace. 
Charles P. Smith. 
Joseph K. Riley. 
Emmor Reeve. 
Richard M. Acton. 
Samuel Plummer. 
John C. Belden. 
Isaac Newklrk. 
Charles S. Plummer. 



79 — 81, Qulnton Keasbey. 
82 — 84, George Hires. 
85—87, Wyatt W. Miller. 
88—90, William Newell. 
91 — 93, James Butcher. 
94—96, John C. Ward. 
97—1902, Richard C. Miller. 
03 — 05, James Strimple. 
06—12, William Plummer, Jr. 
12—13, J. Warren Davis. 
14—15, Isaac S. Smick. 
15—18, Collins B. Allen. 



Somerset County. 



George H. Brown. 
William H. Leupp. 
John W. Craig. 
Moses Craig. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
James Campbell. 
Rynler H. Veghte. 
Joshua Doughty. 
John H. Anderson. 
Calvin Corle. 
Flisha B. Wood. 



76 — 78, Charles B. Moore. 

79—81, John G. Schenck. 

82 — 84, Eugene S. Doughty. 

85 — 90, Lewis A. Thompson, 

91—93, William J. Keys. 

94 — 96, Lewis A. Thompson. 
97—1902, Charles A. Reed. 

03—05, Samuel S, Chllds. 

06—12, Jos. S, Frelinghuysen. 

12—18, William W. Smalley. 



Sussex County. 



Benjamin Hamilton, 
Nathan Smith. 
Joseph Greer. 
Isaac Bonnell. 
Zachariah H. Price. 
Edward C. Moore. 
Peter Smith. 
JosepB S. Martin. 
Richard E. Edsall. 
Samuel T. Smith. 



77 — 79, Francis M. Ward. 
80 — 82, Thomas Lawrence. 
83—85, Lewis Cochran. 
86—88, John A. McBride. 
89—91, Peter D. Smith. 
92—94, John McMlckle, 
95 — 97, Jacob Gould, 
98—1903, Lewis J, Martin, 
04 — 13, Jacob Cole Price. 
13 — 19, Samuel T. Munson. 



204 



STATE SENATORS. 



Union 



5»— 60, 
61—03, 
64—65, 
66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 



45. 
46-48, 
49—51, 
62—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—68, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 



John R. Ayres. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 
James Jenkins. 
Philip H. Grier. 
Amoi Clark, Jr. 
James T. Wiley. 
J. Henry Stone. 
William J. Magie. 



County. 

79—84, 
85—87, 
88—90, 
91—93, 
94—98, 
99—05, 
06—12, 
12—18, 



Benjamin A. Vail. 
Robert L. Livingston. 
James L. Miller. 
Frederick C. Marsh. 
♦Foster M. Voorhees. 
Joseph Cross. 
Ernest R. Ackerman. 
Carlton B. Pierce. 



Warren County. 



Charles J. Ihrie. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
George W. Taylor. 
Charles Sitgreaves. 
William Rea. 
Philip Mowry. 
James K. Swayze. 
Henry R. Kennedy. 
Abraham Wildrick. 
Edward H. Bird. 
Joseph B. Comlsh. 
William SllTerthorn. 



79—81, Peter Cramer. 

82 — 84, George H. Beatty. 

85 — 87, James E. Moon. 

88—90, Martin Wyckoff. 

91—93, Johnston Cornish. 

94—96, Christopher F. Staates. 

97 — 99, Isaac Barber. 

1900 — 1902, Johnston Cornish. 

03 — 05, Isaac Barber. 

06—12, Johnston Cornish. 

12—18, Thomas Barber. 



•Became Acting Governor February Ist. '98, 
18th. 



resigned (Vtober 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



205 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 

BY COUNTIES, FROM 1S45 TO 191' 







Atlantic County. 


45, 


46, 


Joseph Ingersoll. 




82, 


Joseph H. Shinn. 


47—49. 


Mark Lake. 




83, 


John L. Bryant. 


50, 


51, 


Robert B. Rlsley. 


84, 


85, 


Edward North. 




52, 


John H. Boyle. 


86, 


87, 


James S. Beckwith. 




53, 


Thomas D. Winner. 




88. 


James B. Nixon. 




54, 


Daniel Townsend. 


89, 


90. 


Shepherd S. Hudson. 




55, 


Nicholas F. Smith. 




91. 


Smith E. Johnson. 


56, 


57, 


David Frambes. 




92, 


Samuel D. Hoffman. 




58, 


John B. Madden. 




93, 


Charles A. Baake. 




59. 


Thomas E. Morris. 




94, 


Frederick Schuchardt. 


60—62, 


Charles E. P. Mayhew. 




95, 


Wesley C. Smith. 




63, 


John Godfrey. 


96, 


97, 


Marcellus L. Jackson. 




64, 


Simon Hanthorn. 


98, 


99. 


Leonard H. Ashley. 




65, 


Simon Lake. 


1900, 01, Charles T. Abbott. 


66, 


67, 


P. M. Wolfselfifer. 


02—07, 


Thomas C. Elvins. 


68, 


69, 


Jacob Keim. 


08, 


09, 


Martin E. Keffer. 


70, 


71. 


BenJ. H. Overheiser. 




10, 


Walter E. Edge. 


72, 


73, 


Samuel H. Cavileer. 




11, 


Isaac Bacharach. 


74, 


75, 


Lemuel Coaover. 


12, 


14- 


-16, Carlton Godfrey. 


76, 


77, 


Leonard H. Ashley. 


12, 


13, 


14, Emerson L. Richards. 




78, 


Israel Smith. 




13. 


Joseph W. Salus. 


79. 


80, 


James Jeflfries. 


15—17, 


Bertram E. Whitman. 




81, 


George Elrins. 




17, 


Irving P. Parsons. 






Bergen County. 




45, 


William G. Hopper. 


72, 


73, 


George J. Hopper. 




45, 


Jacob C. Terhune. 




73, 


John J. Anderson. 


46, 


47, 


John G. Banta. 


74, 


75, 


Henry C. Herring. 


46, 


47, 


Jacob J. Brlnkerhoff. 


74, 


75, 


John W. Bogert. 


48, 


49, 


John Ackerman, Jr. 


76, 


77, 


John H. Winant. 


48, 


49, 


Henry H. Voorhis, Jr. 


76, 


77, 


Barney N. Ferdon. 


50, 


51, 


John H. Hopper. 




78, 


M. Corsen Gillham. 


50—52, 


John Huyler. 


78, 


79, 


Southey S. Parramore. 




52, 


John Zabriskie. 


79, 


80, 


John A. Demarest. 


53, 


54, 


Jacob I. Demarest. 




80, 


Oliver D. Smith. 


53, 


54, 


Abraham Van Horn. 


81, 


82, 


Elias H. Sisson. 


55, 


56, 


Ralph S. Demarest. 


81- 


-83, 


86, John Van Bussum. 


55, 


56, 


Thomas W. Demarest. 


83, 


84, 


Peter R. Wortendyke. 


57, 


58, 


Daniel Holsman. 




84, 


•Jacob W. Doremus. 


57, 


58, 


Aaron H. Westervelt. 




85, 


Peter Ackerman. 




59, 


Andrew C. Cadmus. 


85, 


86, 


Eben Winton. 


59, 


60, 


Enoch Brlnkerhoff. 


87. 


88, 


Anderson Bloomer. 




60, 


John A. Hopper. 




87, 


Peter Ackerman. 


61, 


62, 


Abram Carlock. 


88, 


89, 


Charles F. Harrington. 


61, 


62. 


John R. Post. 


89, 


90, 


Abram De Ronde. 


63, 


64, 


Thomas D. English. 


90. 


91, 


George Zimmermann. 


63, 


64, 


John Y. Dater. 




91, 


John H. Huyler. 


65, 


66, 


Isaac Demarest. 


92, 


93, 


Samuel G. H. Wright. 


65, 


66, 


Abraham J. Haring. 


92, 


93, 


John J. Dupuy. 




67, 


A. Van Emburg. 




94, 


Walter Dewsnap. 


67, 


68, 


Cornelius Christie. 


94, 


95, 


David D. Zabriskie. 


68, 


69, 


Henry G. Herring. 


95, 


96, 


Fred'k L. Voorhees. 


69, 


70, 


Eben Winton. 


96, 


97, 


Jacob H. Ullman. 


70, 


71, 


Henry A. Hopper. 


97, 


98, 


Abram C. Holdrum. 


71, 


72, 


Jacob G. Van Riper. 


98, 


99. 


John M. Bell. 



•John W. Doremus was first elected, 
lature conrened. 



bat died before Legls- 



206 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



09, 1900, Edmand W. Wakelee. 




11, 


1900, Vacancy caused by death of 




12, 




John L. C. Graves. 




12, 


01, 02, 


Joseph H. Tillotson. 


12, 


13, 


01, 02, 


James W. Mercer. 




13, 


03, 04, 


M. S. Ayers. 


13, 


14, 


03, 04, 


George Cook. 


14, 


15, 


05, 06, 


Clarence Muble. 


14, 


15, 


05, 06, 


John Heck. 




16, 


07, 08, 


Guy L. Fake. 




16, 


07, 08, 


James Devlne, Jr. 


16, 


17, 


09, 10. 


Joseph H. Scharff. 




17, 


09, 10, 


Harry P. Ward. 




17, 


11, 


G. R. Alyea. 








Burlington C 


loun 


45, 


Joseph Sattirthwait. 


63- 


-65, 


45, 


Isaiah Adams. 




64, 


45, 47, 


48, John W. C. Evans. 




65, 


45, 


Edward Taylor. 


65, 


66, 


45, 


William Biddle. 


G6, 


67, 


46, 


Clayton Lippincott. 


66, 


67, 


46, 


William Malsbury. 


66, 


67, 


46, 


Garrit S. Cannon. 


67- 


-69, 


46, 


Stephen Willets. 




68, 


46, 


Wm. G. Lippincott. 




68, 


47, 


William Biddle. 


68—71, 


47, 48, 


Joseph W. Allen. 




69, 


47—49, 


John S. Irick. 


69- 


-71, 


47—49, 


Benjamin Kemble. 




70, 


48—50, 


Edward French. 


70, 


71, 


49—51, 


Samuel Stockton. 


71- 


-73, 


49—51, 


William R. Braddock. 




72, 


50, 51, 


William S. Embley. 


72- 


-74, 


50—52, 


William Brown. 


72- 


-74, 


51—53, 


Allen Jones. 


73, 


74, 


52, 


Benajah Antrim. 




74, 


52—54, 


John W. Fennimore. 




75, 


52, 53, 


Charles Haines. 




75, 


53, 54, 


Mahlon Hutchinson. 




75, 


53, 54, 


Jacob L. Githens. 


75—77, 


54, 


Job H. Gaskill. 




76. 


64—56, 


William Parry. 


76—78, 


55, 


Josephus Sooy, Jr. 


76—78, 


55, 


Benjamin Gibbs. 


77- 


-79, 


65, 57, 


Thomas L. Norcross. 


78, 


79, 


65, 56, 


Elisha Gaunt. 




79, 


56, 


Richard Jones. 


79, 


80, 


56, 


William M. CoUom. 


80—82, 


56, 57, 


Jervis H. Bartlett. 


80—82, 


57, 58, 


Samuel Keys. 


80, 


81, 


68, 


Samuel C. Mlddleton. 




81, 


57—59, 


Charles Mickle. 




82. 


67—59, 


Ezra Evans. 




83. 


58, 59, 


Charles S. Kemble. 


83, 


84, 


59, 60, 


John Larzalere. 


83- 


-86, 


59—61, 


Samuel A. Dobbins. 


84- 


-86, 


60, 61, 


George B. Wills. 


85, 


86. 


61, 


Joseph L. Lamb. 


87, 


88. 


60—62, 


Robert B. Stokes. 


87, 


88, 


60-62, 


William Sooy. 


88, 


89, 


62, 63. 


, John M. Higbee. 




89, 


62, 63, 


, Israel W. Heulings. 


90, 


91, 


62—64, 


, Wm. P. McMichael. 


90, 


91, 



Wm. H. Hlnners. 
William E. Ogden. 
Frank M. Stevens. 
C. O'C. Hennessy. 
John W. Zisgen. 
15. Arthur M. Aguew. 
Edgar A. De Yoe. 
John J. Johnson. 
James T. Ackerman. 
Herbert M. Bailey. 
Walter G. Winne. 
Roy M. Robinson. 
W. Irving Glover. 



Henry J. Irlck. 
Jarett Stokes. 
Samuel Stockton. 
Charles G. Lathrop. 
George W. Thompson. 
Samuel Coate. 
Andrew H. Fort. 
Wallace Lippincott. 
Chas. E. Hendrickson. 
Charles Collins. 
John J. Maxwell. 
Theophilus I. Price. 
Thomas C. Alcott. 
Levi French. 
Abraham Perkins. 
Edward T. Thompson. 
Robert Aaronson. 
E. Budd Marter. 
George B. Borton. 
Townsend Cox. 
Joseph P. Adams. 
Levi French. 
Charles J. Gordon. 
Henry Moffett. 
Samuel Taylor. 
Daniel L. Piatt. 
John Cavlleer. 
Edward F. Mathews. 
George Sykes. 
Wm. Budd Deacon. 
Wm. R. Lippincott. 
John W. Haines. 
William H. Carter. 
Henry C. Herr. 
Abraham Marter. 
John Cavlleer. 
Thomas M. Locke. 
Horace Cronk. 
87. Stacy H, Scott 
Theodore Budd. 
Thomas J. Alcott. 
Allen H. Gangewer. 
90, R. C. Hutchinson. 
89, William H. Doron. 
Albert Hansell. 
George C. Davis. 
Mitchell B. Perkins. 
Lewis L. Sharp. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



207 



91, 92, A. Harry White. 

92, 93, Howard E. Packer. 

93, Mlcajah E. Matlack. 

94. Augustus C. Stecher. 

94, 95, Micajah E. Matlack. 

95, 96, 97, George Wildes. 

96, 97, Joshua E. Borton. 
98, 1900, Joel Horner. 
98—02, Charles Wright. 



01—03. John G. Horner. 

03—05, BenJ. D. Shedaker. 

04 — 06, Samuel K. Robbins. 

06—09, John B. Irick. 

07 — 09, Griffith W. Lewis. 

10, 11, Warren C. Pine. 

10, 11, 12, Blanchard H. White. 

13, 14, 15, Robert Peacock. 

16, 17, Emmor Roberts. 



Camden County. 





45. 


Joseph Kaj. Jr. 


69, 


70. 




45, 


John Redfield. 




70. 




46. 


Joel G. Clark. 




71. 




46, 


Gerrard Wood. 




71. 




47, 


Edward Turner. 


71, 


72. 




47, 


Joseph B. Tatem. 




72. 




48, 


John C. Shreeve. 


72- 


-74, 




48, 


John E. Marshall. 




73, 




49, 


Jacob Troth. 


73, 


74. 




49, 


Joseph Wolohon. 




74, 


50, 


51, 


Charles D. Hinellne. 




75. 


50, 


51. 


Thomas W. Hurff. 


75, 


76, 




52, 


J. Ka.\. 


75—77, 




52. 


Jonathan Day. 


76, 


77, 


52, 


53. 


J. 0. Johnson. 




77, 




53, 


Samuel Lytle. 




78, 


53, 


54, 


John K. Roberts. 




78, 


54, 


55, 


Samuel S. Cake. 


78, 


79. 




55, 


James L. Hlnes. 


79, 


80, 


54- 


-56, 


Reilcy Barret. 


80, 


81. 




56, 


Evan C. Smith. 


81. 


82. 


56, 


57. 


John P. Harker. 


81, 


82. 




57, 


T. B. Atkinson. 




82. 




57. 


Joseph M. Atkinson. 




83. 


57- 


-59, 


♦Samuel Scull. 




83, 




58, 


Edmund Hoffman. 


83, 


84, 


58, 


59, 


Samuel M. Thorne. 




84, 




59, 


Zebedee Nicholson. 


84—87. 




60, 


Joseph Stafford^ Jr. 




85, 




60, 


George Brewer. 


85, 


86, 


60, 


61, 


John R. Graham. 




86. 




61, 


James L. Hines. 




87. 


61. 


62, 


Joel P. Kirkbride. 




87. 




62, 


Daniel A. Hall. 


88, 


89, 


62, 


63. 


Edwin J. Osier. 


88, 


89, 




63, 


James M. Scovel. 


88, 


89, 


63, 


64, 


Chalkley Albertson. 




90, 




64, 


Samuel Tatem. 


90, 


91, 


64, 


65, 


Paul C. Brinck. 


91, 


92, 




65, 


John P. Bodine. 


91. 


92, 


65, 


66, 


Isaac W. Nicholson. 




93, 


66, 


67. 


George W. N. Custls. 


93. 


94, 


66. 


67. 


Thomas H. Coles. 


93, 


94, 




67. 


Edward Z. ColUngs. 




94, 




68, 


John Hood. 




95, 




68. 


James Wills. 


95. 


96, 




68. 


Chalkley Albertson. 


96, 


97, 




69. 


Thomas H. Coles. 


96, 


97, 


69, 


70. 


Henry L. Bonsall. 


98, 


99, 



William C. Shinn. 
Samuel Warthman. 
Charles Wilson. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
Stevenson Leslie. 
Fred. Bourquin. 
George B. Carse. 
Isaac Foreman. 
William H. Cole. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Henry B. Wilson. 
79, 80, R. N. Herring. 
Alden C. Scovel. 
Oliver Lund. 
Samuel T. Murphy. 
Isaiah Woolston. 
Andrew J. Rider. 
Alonzo D. Nichols. 
Edward Burrough. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 
Chris. J. Mines, Jr. 
John H. McMurray. 
Robert F. S. Heath. 
George W. Borton. 
John Bamford. 
93. Clayton Stafford. 
John W. Branning. 
Edward A. Armstrong. 
Benjamin M. Braker. 
Henry M. Jewett. 
George Pfelffer. 
Philip Young. 
Henry Turley. 
Adam Clark Smith. 
90. John Harris. 
George H. Higgins. 
Franklin C. Woolman. 
92, Abram W. Nash. 
Joseph M. Engard. 
also 73, 74, Wm. H. Cole. 
George W. Henry. 
95, Clayton Stafford. 
William J. Thompson. 
William Watson. 
George W. Barnard. 
97. Louis T. Derousse. 
Frank T. Lloyd. 
Henry S. Scovel. 
John H. McMurray. 



•In 1857 Mr. Scull was unseated by T. B. Atkinson. 



208 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



98, 99, Eflgar J. Coles. 
98—1902, William J. Bradley. 

1900, F. F. Patterson, Jr. 

00, 01, 02, Ephralm T. GUI. 

01, 02, George A. Walte. 
03, 04, John S. Koberts. 
03—06, Henry S. Scovel. 
03—09, Theodore B. Gibbs. 
05 — 07, Samuel P. Jones. 

07, 08, Frank B. Jess. 

08, 09, Joseph Potter. 



Cape 

John Stites. 
Samuel Towusend. 
Richard S. Ludlam. 
Nathaniel Holmes, Jr. 
Mackey Williams. 
Joshua Swaim. 
Waters B. Miller. 
Jesse H. Diverty. 
Downs Edmunds, Jr. 
Abram Reeves. 
Jonathan F. Learning. 
Wilmon W. Ware. 
69, 70, Thos. Beesley. 
Samuel R. Magonagle. 
Richard S. Leaming 
Alexander Young. 
Richard D. Edmunds. 
William T. Stevens. 





45, 




46, 




47, 


48, 


49, 


50, 


51, 




52, 




53, 


54, 


55. 


56—58, 


59, 


60, 




61. 


62—64, 


65- 


-67, 




68, 


71- 


-73, 




74, 




75. 


76—78, 




45, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 




46, 




47, 




47, 


47, 


48, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


49, 


50, 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 


55, 


56, 


55, 


56, 




57, 




57, 




58, 



09, 10, Harry R. Tatem. 

10, 11, 12, Albert De Dnger. 

10, 11, 12, George W. Whyte. 

11, 12, 13, Isaac W. Coles. 
13—16, John B. Kates. 

13, James R. Carrow. 
14 — 17, Garfield Pancoast. 

14, Henry S. Scovel. 
15—17, Charles A. Wolverton. 

17, Ralph N. Kellam. 



May County. 

79, Daniel Schelllnger. 

80, 83 — 85, Jesse D. Ludlam. 

81, 82, Furman L. Richardson. 
86, 87, Alvin P. Hildreth. 

88, Walter S. Leaming. 
89, 90, 91, Eugene C. Cole. 
92, 93, 94, Edmund L. Rose. 
95, 96, Furman L. Ludlam. 

97, Robert E. Hand. 

98, Eugene C. Cole. 
1900, Ellis H. Marshall. 

01 — 03, Lewis M. Cresse. 
04—06, 12, Jas. M. E. Hildreth. 
07—09, 17, Corsville E. Stille. 
10, 11, Christopher S. Hand. 

13, William Porter. 
14, 15, Lewis T. Stevens. 

16, Mark Lake. 



99, 



Cumberland County. 



61, 62, 
61, 62, 
63, 64, 



Joslah Shaw. 
George Heisler. 
Lewis Howell. 
Steplien A. Garrison. 
Leonard Lawrence. 
Jeremiah Parvin. 
Uriah D. Woodruff. 
Reuben Fithlan. 
Richard Lore. 
John T. Nixon. 
BenJ. Ayres. 
Joel Moore. 
Samuel Mayhew. 
David Campbell. 
Enos S. Gandy. 
Lewis Woodruff. 
Daniel Harris. 
Morton Mills. 
James M. Wells. 
John F. Keen. 
Uriah Mayhew. 
Ellas Doughty. 
Elwell Nichols. 
Robert Moore. 
Aaron S. Westcott, 
Ebenezer Hall. 
John Carter. 
William Bacon. 
J. Edmund Sheppard. 
B. Rush Bateman. 



63, 64, 
65—67, 
65—68, 



69—71, 
70, 71, 
72, 73, 
72, 73, 

74, 
74, 75, 
75—77, 

76, 
77, 78, 

78, 
79, 80, 
79, 80, 

81, 
81, 82, 

82, 

83, 

83, 84, 

84, 85, 

85, 86, 

86, 87, 
87, 



), 90, 



Edward W. Maylin. 
Robert Moore. 
James H. Nixon. 
Thomas D. Westcott. 
C. Henry Shepherd. 
William A. House. 
Charles C. Grosscup. 
George S. Whiticar. 
J. Howard Willets. 
George B. Langley. 
Lewis H. Dowdney. 
George W. Payne. 
Isaiah W. Richman. 
Isaac T. Nichols. 
James Loughron. 
Robert P. Ewing. 
Arthur T. Parsons. 
John H. Avis. 
Charles Ladow. 
Philip P. Baker. 
Isaac M. Smalley. 
John B. Campbell. 
Jeremiah H. Lupton. 
Wilson Banks. 
Franklin Lawrence. 
Thomas H. Hawkins. 
Mulford Ludlam. 
Isaac M. Smalley. 
Thomas W. Trenchard. 
Reuben Cheesman. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



20'9 



90, 93, 94, John N. Glaspell. 
91, James L. Van Syckel. 

91, 92, Edward C. Stokes. 
Wilber H. Baxter. 
Thomas F. Austin. 
Bloomfleld H. MInch. 
James J. Hunt. 

98, 99, Wilson H. Shropsliire. 
99 — 1901, Jesse S. Steelman. 
00, 01, 02, William J. Moore. 



92, 93 
94—96 
95—97, 
97, 98 



02—06, Louis H. Miller. 
03 — 09, B. Frank Buck. 
07, 08, Frank B. Potter. 

09, 10, Isaac T. Nichols. 

10, 12, Albert R. McAllister. 
11, Walter B. Turner. 
11, E. H. Whiticar. 

13, John A. Ackley. 
14—17, Raymond Sheppard. 



Essex County. 



), Isaac Van Wagenen. 




55, 


), John Runyon. 


55, 


56, 


5, William M. Scudder. 


55, 


56, 


5, Hugh F. Randolph. 


55, 


56, 


3, Jabez Pierson. 


55, 


56 


5, Keen Pruden. 




56, 


5, Alvah Sherman. 


55, 


56, 


r, George W. McLane. 




56, 


", Parker Teed. 




56, 


5, A. S. Hubbeel. 


56, 


57 


i, Jabez G. Goble. 




57, 


I, Francis B. Chetwood. 




57, 


5, Abraham Van Riper. 




57, 


}, Elston Marsh. 




57, 


i, Hugh H. Bowne. 




57 


>, Charles Harrison. 




57, 


, Hugh H. Bowne. 


57, 


58, 


>, Lewis C. Grorer. 


57, 


58, 


>, Joel W. Condit. 




58, 


>, Obadiah Meeker. 




58, 


>. William F. Day. 




58, 


>, Stephen Personett. 




58, 


, Wm. M. Whitehead. 




58, 


, Isaac H. Pierson. 




59, 


, Jonathan Valentine. 




59, 


, David Wade. 




59, 


, Cornelius Boice. 




59, 


>, Beach Vanderpool. 


59, 


60, 


, John C. Beardsley. 


59, 


60, 


, Thomas McKirgan. 


59, 


60, 


, John M. Clark. 




60, 


>, William M. Sandford. 




60, 


, Silas Merchant. 


60, 


61, 


*, John Munn. 


60, 


61, 


, James S. Bell. 




61, 


, John B. Clark. 


61, 


62, 


, Stephen Day, Jr. 


61, 


62, 


t, Grant J. Wheeler. 


61, 


62, 


, Edward T. Hillyer. 


61, 


62, 


5, Charles T. Day. 


62, 


63, 


, Charles 0. BoUes. 


62, 


63, 


, Ablathar Harrison. 


62, 


63, 


, Daniel Price. 


02, 


63, 


, William Dennis, 


62, 


63, 


, David S. Craig. 




63, 


, Daniel H. Noe. 




63, 


, James N. .Toraleman. 


63, 


64, 


, David Ripley. 


63, 


64, 


, Hugh Holmes. 




64, 


, Daniel D. Benjamin. 




64, 


, Charles 0. BoUes. 


64, 


65. 



Daniel F, Tompkins. 
Nehemiah Perry. 
James A. Pennington. 
Apollos M. Elmer. 
Joseph T. Hopping. 
Warren S. Baldwin. 
Samuel R. Winans. 
James E. Bathgate. 
George H. Doremus. 
AVm. K. McDonald. 
John C. Denman. 
Moses P. Smith. 
John L. Blake, Jr. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Charles L. C. Gifford. 
Elihu Day. 
Charles C. Stewart. 
John C. Thornton. 
Simeon Harrison. 
James McCracken. 
Joseph Booth. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Thomas Kirkpatrick. 
Cashier De Witt, Jr. 
David Ayres. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
David A. Hayes. 
Adolphus W. Waldron. 
James F, Bond. 
Amzi Condit. 
James McCracken. 
J. W. Hale. 
Frederick H. Teese. 
James Wheeler. 
James B. Smith. 
James M. Lang. 
David Oakes. 
John Flintoft. 
George A. Halsey. 
Walter Tompkins. 
Corra Drake. 
John D. Freeman. 
John P. Jackson. 
Thomas McGrath. 
Amzi Dodd. 
John C. Littell. 
Adolph Schalk. 
James Smith. 
Jeremiah DeCamp. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
Rufus P. Harrison. 



14 



210 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



Charles A. Llghtplpe. 
Thomas B. Peddle. 
John C. Selffert. 
Bernard Kearney. 
J. B. S. Robinson. 
John H. Landell. 
James D. Cleaver. 
David Anderson. 
William Bodwell. 
John F. Anderson. 
David Ayres. 
James L. Hays. 
Albert P. Condlt. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
William H. Murphy. 
Edward L. Price. 
Israel D. Condlt. 
Daniel Ayres. 
William R. Sayre. 
M. H. C. Vail. 
Samuel Atwater. 
Edward Hedden. 
Joslah L. Baldwin. 
Josiah Speer. 
James Peck. 
John Kennedy. 
Timothy W. Lord. 
Francis Macken. 
James L. Gurney. 
John Hunkele. 
William W. Hawkins. 
James G. Irwin. 
Joseph F. Sanxay. 
Farrand Kitchell. 
Henry W. Wilson. 
Chauncey G. Williams. 
William R. Sayre. 
Matthew Murphy. 
Albert P. Condlt. 
William A. Ripley. 
Edmund L. Joy. 
Theodore Horn. 
Rochiis Heinisch, Jr. 
David Anderson. 
Daniel Murphy. 
Moses H. Williams. 
Samuel Wilde. 
Joseph G. Hill. 
Theodore Macknett. 
L. M. Armstrong. 
John W. Campbell. 
Ellas O. Doremus. 
Phlneas Jones. 
Aaron G. Baldwin. 
Samuel Morrow, Jr. 
James T. Vanness. 
Moses E. Halsey. 
Thomas S. Henry. 
Julius C. Fitzgerald. 



74, 


75, 




75, 




75, 




75, 




75, 


75, 


76, 




76, 




76, 




76, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77. 


76, 


80, 




77, 


77, 


78, 


77, 


78. 


77, 


78, 


77, 


78, 




78, 




78, 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79, 


78. 


79, 


78, 


79, 




79, 


79, 


80, 


79, 


80, 


79- 


-81, 


79- 


-81, 




80, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 




81, 




81, 




81, 


81, 


82, 


82, 


83, 


82, 


83, 




82, 




82, 




82, 




82, 




82, 




82, 




83, 




83, 




83, 




83, 


83, 


84, 


83- 


-87, 




84, 




84, 




84, 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85, 



William H. Kirk. 
Andrew Teed. 
Hugh Kinnard. 
Patrick Doyle. 
William Carrolton. 
David Dodd. 
Charles H. Harrison. 
Marcus S. Richards. 
Philip W. Cross. 
Albert D. Traphagen. 
Francis K. Howell. 
S. V. C. Van Rensselaer. 
Elkanah Drake. 
James M. Patterson. 
Joseph H. Wlghtman. 
Gottfried Krueger, 
Charles Gomer. 
James Malone. 
Edward D. Pierson. 
Alexander Phillips. 
Charles Holzwarth. 
Edward W. Crane. 
George S. Duryee. 

82, Wm. H. F. Fiedler. 
Schuyler B. Jackson. 
Charles A. Felch. 
Peter J. Gray. 

83, 89, John Gill. 
Harrison Van Duyne. 
83, Thomas O'Connor. 
♦William H. Brown. 
Ellas A. Wilkinson. 
Thos. W. Langstroth. 
William R. Wllllame. 
Joseph L. Munn. 
William Wright. 
•♦Chas. G. Bruemmer. 
Michael McMahan. 
John H. Parsons. 
David Young. 
Robert McGowan. 
Roderick Robertson. 
Ulysses B. Brewster. 
Edw'd R. Pennington. 
Adam Turkes. 
Edwin B. Smith. 
Lucius B. Hutchinson. 
James N. Arbuckle. 
John H. Murphy. 
William Hill. 

93, John L. Armltage. 
93, William Harrlgan. 
Rush Burg\.',..s. 
Frederick S. Fish. 
Herman Lehlbach. 
George B. Harrison. 
David A. Bell. 
Edward Q. Keasbey. 
William E. O'Connor. 



•In 1880, W. H. Brown was unseated by William R. Williams. 
••Mr. Bruemmer was elected for 1882, but died before Legis- 
lature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



211 



Charlese Holzwarth. 
Franklin Murphy. 
Henry M. Doremus. 
R. Wayne Parker. 
Augustus F. R. Martin. 
Henry A. Potter. 
Edwin Lister. 
Jacob Schrelhofer. 
Charles F. Underhlll. 
Ellas M. Condlt. 
93, John H. Peal. 
Michael T. Barrett. 
Elvln W. Crane. 
James Peck. 
Charles E. Hill. 
James Marlatt. 
Frank M. McDerniitt. 
DeForrest P. Lozier. 
Augustus Dusenberry. 
James A. Christie. 
Thomas McGowan. 
Adrian Rlker. 
Joseph Schmelz. 
John Gill. 
Moses Bigelow. 
Geo. W. Wledenmayer. 
Richard A. Price. 
92, Leonard Kalisch. 
Reuben Trier. 
George Rabensteln. 
Thomas H. Pollock. 
Charles Trefz. 
John J. Bertram. 
Edward W. Jackson. 
Thomas Smith. 
Edward H. Snyder. 
Edward M. Taylor. 
John Nieder. 
John R. Hardin. 
George W. Ketcham. 
Thomas F. Caranagh. 
James A. Dempsey. 
Benedict Ulrlch. 
William L. Glorieux. 
Augustus C. Studer. 
John L. Armitage. 
William J. Kearns. 
John H. Peal. 
Timothy Barrett. 
William Harrlgan. 
Joseph P. Clarke. 
Joseph M. Byrne. 
Thomas A. Murphey. 
Dennis F. Olvaney. 
J. Broadhead Woolsey. 
Thomas P. Edwards. 
Charles B. Duncan. 
John C. Eisele. 
Charles B. Storrs. 
George P. Olcott. 
Frederick W. Mock. 
Amos W. Harrison. 



95, 
95, 
95, 
95. 



97, 
97, 

97, 
97, 
97. 



96, Alfred F. Skinner. 
96, James A. Christie. 
96, George L. Smith. 
96, David E. Benedict. 
96, Charles A. Schober. 

96, Hayward A. Harvey. 
96, 97, Thomas H. Jones. 
96, 97, Albert J. Simpson. 

96, 97, James J. Hogan. 

97, 98, Charles W. Powers. 

97, 98, George W. W. Porter. 
98, Edwin F. Steddlg. 
98, Alvin C. Eble. 

97, George B. Harrison. 

98, Jacob Ran, Jr. 
98, Peter B. Falrchlld. 
98, Carl V. Bauman. 
98, Joseph B. Johnson. 
98, Oliver B. Dawson. 

98, William C. Schmidt. 

98, 99, Albert T. Guenther. 

99, John L. Bullard. 

99, 1900, Jacob Clark. 

99, 1900, John W. Weseman. 
99, 1900, John Kreltlcr. 
99, 1900, Frederick J. Deleot. 
99, 1900, G. F. Brandenburgh. 
99, 1900, William Mungle. 
99, 1900, John N. Klein. 
99, 1900, John P. Dexheimer. 
99, 1900, Benjamin F. Jones. 

1900, George S. Campbell. 
00 — 02, J. Henry Bacheller. 
01, 02, Fred'k Cummlngs. 
01 — 03, Wm. B. Garrabrants. 
01 — 03, John Howe. 
01—03, Robert W. Brown. 
01 — 03, Ralph B. Schmidt. 
01—03, Edward E. Gnichtel. 
01—03, William G. Sharwell. 
01—03, Edgar Williams. 
01—03, Robert M. Bovd, Jr. 
01—03, William A. Lord. 
03—05, Frederick R. Lehlbach. 
03 — 05, Everett Colby. 
04, 05, William Pennington. 
04, 05, Frederick Manners. 
04, 05, Abraham Kaiser. 
04, 05, Herbert W. Taylor. 
04, 05, John J. Gallagher. 
04, 05, Samuel F. Wilson. 
04, 05, Edward D. Blrkholz. 
04, 05, H. L. Johnstone. 
04, 05, Edward D. Duffleld. 
06, 08, 09, William P. Martin. 

06, Gustav W. Roeber. 

06, George F. Serbe. 
06, 08, 09, Henry Clay Hlnes. 

06, Philip C. Walsh, Jr. 

06, Chas. R. Underwood. 

06, Gustav A. Kayser. 

06, Russell M. Everett. 



212 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



06, 08, 
06, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 



51, 



09, Austen Colgate. 




12, 


William F. Morgan. 




12, 


Gustav V. Sommer. 




12, 


Edward H. Wrlglit, Jr. 




12, 


Simon Hahn. 




12, 


John J. Baader. 




12, 


Patrick II. Corlsh. 




12. 


Thomas J. Mead. 




12, 


John C. Groel. 




12, 


John Breunnlg. 




12, 


John W. Lane. 


13, 


14, 


Edgar E. Lethbrldge. 


13, 


14, 


Daniel J, Brady. 




13, 


Harry F. Backus. 


13, 


14, 


Henry Young, Jr. 




13, 


William Roberts. 




13, 


John F. Clark. 




13, 


James H. Lowrey. 


13, 


14, 


H. Stacy Smith. 


13, 


14, 


August J. Miller. 




13, 


Rudolph A. Braun. 




13, 


Thomas H. Brooks. 


13, 


14, 


Lewis Q. Bowden. 




14, 


Eliot E. Ford. 




14, 


William Lee. 




14, 


Emll Wohlfarth. 


14, 


15. 


Thomas Goldingay. 


14—16, 


Thomas GUlen. 


14—16, 


Robert S. Terhune. 


15, 


16, 


J, William Huegel. 


15, 


16, 


Coleman E. Klssam. 


15—17, 


Duane B. Mlnard. 


15—17, 


Harold A. Miller. 


15, 


16, 


Harry F. Backus. 


15—17, 


John J. Bracken. 


1.5- 


-17, 


James P. Mylod. 


15, 


16, 


Charles W. Brown. 




15, 


Mark F. Phillips. 


16, 


17, 


Michael Leveen. 




16, 


M. J. McGowan, Jr. 




17, 


Frank P. Shalvoy. 




17, 


Frank A. Boettner. 




17, 


Wm. P. Macksey. 




17, 


Edw. D. Balentlne. 




17 


William M. Beard. 




17,' 


Henry F. Holloway. 




17, 



Charles G. Llnnenkohl. 
Mortimer Lowy. 
Robert E. Mitchell. 
Frank J. Murray. 
Fred Prout. 
Thomas J. Smith. 
William E. Stagg. 
Fred G. Stickel, Jr. 
Henry J. Theln. 
William G. Welgel. 
Charles A. Nutting. 
Bennett H. Fishier. 
John J. Bracken. 
Laurence McCabe, Jr. 
John A. Matthews. 
William E. Maguire. 
Louis Lewis. 
Frank A. Foley. 
Hubert J. Rowe. 
Simon L. Fisch. 
Joseph F. Papscoe. 
Joseph B. Bloom. 
James R. Byrne. 
Edward C. Eaton. 
Michael J. Quigley. 
Thomas J. Smith. 
E. Morgan Barradale. 
W. Olive Crosby. 
William P. Berry. 
Marcus W. De Camp. 
Seymour P. Gilbert. 
Harry D. Johnson. 
Charles C. Pilgrim. 
Edward Schoen. 
Eugene T. Scudder. 
George M. Titus. 
H. Edward Wolf. 
Herbert J. Buehler. 
Paul R. Silberman. 
Theodore J. Badgley. 
Dudley Bramhall. 
George W. Keating. 
Charles A. LeMaster. 
Andrew N. MacKinnon. 
Samuel Press. 
Gustare C. Wolber. 



Gloucester County. 



Samuel W. Cooper. 
Benjamin Harding. 
John B. Miller. 
John B. Hllyard. 
John Burk. 
John Duell. 
Thomas Gasklll. 
Edmund Weatherby. 
Benjamin C. Tatem. 
Thomas Mills. 
Joseph Abbott. 



53, John V. Porch. 

54, Joseph Franklin. 
54, Benjamin Beckett. 
56, Jacob G. Tomlln. 

56, James B. Albertson. 

57, John H. Bradway. 
57, Benjamin Smith. 
59, John F. Thomas. 

59, George C. Hewitt. 

60, 'Joseph Harker. 

61, John Starr. 



*Mr. Harker died during the session of 1860, and Mr. DaflBeld 
was elected to fill the vacancy. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



213 



60, 61, 
62, 

62, 63, 

63, 64, 

64, 65, 

65, 66, 

66, 67, 
67, 



69, 70, 
69—71, 
71, 72, 

72, 
73, 74, 
73, 74, 

75. 



45, 46, 
47, 
48, 
49, 
50, 

51, 52, 
52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
54, 

54, 55, 
55, 
55, 
56, 
56, 

56, 57, 
57, 

57, 58, 
58, 

58—60, 
59, 
59, 
60, 
60, 
61, 
61, 

61, 62, 
62, 

62, 63, 
62, 63, 

62, 63, 
62—64, 

63, 64, 
63, 64, 



•Joseph H. DuflBeld, 
Thomas G. Batten. 
Allen Moore. 
E. C. Heritage. 
Nathan S. Abbott. 
William D. Wilson. 
William W. Clark. 
Jacob J. Hendrickson. 
Charles T. Molony. 
Wm. B. Rosenbaum. 
Leonard F. Harding. 
Nlmrod Woolery. 
John S. Rulon. 
John R. Middleton. 
Obadiah Eldridge. 
D. W. C. Hemmingway. 
Simeon Warrington. 
Thomas B. Lodge. 
Samuel Moore. 



77—79, Caleb C. Pancoast. 
78, 79, Lawrence Locke. 
80, 81, George Craft. 
80, 81, Thomas M. Ferrell. 

82, Abljah S. Hewitt. 
83—85, Job S. Haines. 
86, 87, Joseph B. Roe. 
88 — 90, James West. 
91, 92, James J. Davidson. 
93 — 96, Solomon H. Stanger. 
97—99, **DaTid O. Watkins. 
1900, 01, William P. Buck. 
02—05, John Boyd Avis. 
06—08, William C. Cattell. 
09, 10, Walter Heritage. 
11, 12, James Lafferty. 

♦13, Vacancy. 
14—17, Oliver J. West. 



Hudson County. 



Hartman Van Wagenen. 
Benjamin F. Welsh. 
Oliver S. Strong. 
Jas. J. Van Boskerck. 
Edward T. Carpenter. 
John Van Vorst. 
Edmund T. Parker. 
Joseph W. Hancox. 
John Dunn Littell. 
James S. Davenport. 
Jacob M. Vreeland. 
Clement M. Hancox. 
Aug. F. Hardenbergh. 
Jacob M. Merseles. 
Dudley S. Gregory, Jr. 
John M. Board. 
John D. Ward. 
James T. Hatfield. 
George V. De Mott. 
Robert Gilchrist, Jr. 
Robert C. Bacot. 
William Voorhees. 
Garret M. Van Horn. 
Wm. H. Hemenover. 
Samuel A. French. 
W. H. Peckham. 
N. C. Slaight. 
Franklin B. Carpenter. 
Theo. F. Randolph. 
Michael J. Vreeland. 
Edward D. Reiley. 
George McLaughlin. 
Josiah Conley. 
John B. Perry. 
Joshua Benson. 
James Lynch. 
Garret D. Van Relpen. 





64, 


John B. Drayton. 


64, 


65, 


John Van Vorst. 


64, 


65, 


Abraham W. Duryee. 




65, 


Delos E. Culver. 




65, 


William E. Broking. 




65, 


Hiram Van Buskirk. 


65, 


66, 


69, 70, LeonAbbett. 




66, 


John Ramsay. 




66, 


Charles F. Ruh. 


66, 


67. 


0. D. Falkenburg. 


66, 


67, 


De Witt C. Morris. 


6&— 68. 


Noah D. Taylor. 


67, 


68, 


Hosea F. Clark. 


67, 


68, 


A. 0. Evans. 


67, 


68, 


John Dwyer. 




68, 


John Van Vorst. 


68, 


69, 


Henry C. Smith. 


69, 


70, 


Sidney B. Bevans. 


69, 


70, 


James B. Doremus. 




69, 


Elbridge V. S. Besson. 


69, 


71, 


Michael Coogan. 




70, 


Abel I. Smith. 




70, 


William Brinkerhofif. 


TO, 


71, 


Herman D. Busch. 




71, 


James F. Fielder. 




71, 


John Anness. 




71, 


George Warrin. 




71, 


Josiah Hornblower. 




72, 


James Stevens. 




72, 


John A. O'Neill. 


72, 


73, 


George H. Farrier. 


72, 


73, 


Dennis Reardon. 


72, 


73, 


George S. Plympton. 


72, 


73, 


Henry Gaede. 


72, 


73, 


Jasper Wandel. 


72, 


73, 


Anthony J. Ryder. 




73, 


John Lee. 



•Vacancy caused by death of Edward C. Leeds. 
••Became Acting Governor In '98. 



214 



ASSEMBLYMEN, 



Isaac Roraalne. 
John W. Heck. 
James J. Clark. 
John Wade. 
Fred Frambach, Jr. 
John C. Besson. 
R. B, Seymour. 
D, A. Peloubet. 
A. B. Dayton. 
T. J. McDonald. 
Philip Tumulty. 
John Pearson. 
89, R. S. Hudspeth. 
Thomas F. Noonan. 
Edward Lennon. 
Edward T. McLaughlin. 
William H. Letts. 
John P. Feeney. 
Wm. C. Heppenheimer. 
Joseph Gallagher. 
Charles W. Fuller. 
♦E. Frank Short. 
James F. Norton. 
Richard Brown. 
Edward P. Farrell. 
Peter T. Donnelly. 
Judson C. Francois. 
Laurence Fagan. 
Patrick H. O'Neill. 
James Murphy. 
James S. Erwin. 
John F. Kelly. 
Michael Mullone. 
Henry Byrne. 
Andrew J. Boyle. 
Thomas B. Usher. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
Simeon H. Smith. 
Henry Puster. 
John F. Madden. 
William D. Daly. 
James Moylan. 
Thomas Magner. 
James Tumilty. 
George A. Heaney. 
Martin Lawless. 
Cornelius J. Tahen. 
John Zeller. 
Timothy J. Carroll. 
Michael J. Coyle. 
Henry H. Holmes. 
Adam J. Dittmar. 
S. V. W. Stout. 
Ebenezer Berry. 
Max Salinger. 
Hugh A. Kelly. 
Thomas Egan. 
George W. Harding. 
John Kerr. 



♦Mr. Short was elected to a second term of ofl3;e, but he died 
before the Legislature met. Mr. Francois was chosen for the 
Tacancy. 



73, 


74 


Richard C. Washburn. 




85, 




74 


Henry Coombs. 




85, 




74 


James K. Selleck. 




85, 


74, 


75 


Alexander T. McGill. 




85, 


74, 


75 


Patrick Sheeran. 




85, 


74, 


75 


Alexander McDonnell. 


85, 


80, 


74- 


-76 


John D. Carscallen. 




86, 


74—77 


Rudolph F. Rabe. 




86, 




75 


Thomas Carey. 




86, 




75 


Edward F. McDonald. 




86, 


75, 


76 


John J. Toffey. 


86, 


87. 




76 


William A. Lewis. 


86, 


87, 




76 


Harry Brautlgam. 


86, 


87, 




76 


Thomas C. Brown. 


86, 


87, 


76. 


77 


Thomas J. Hannon. 


86, 


87, 


76, 


78 


Alex. Jocobus. 




87. 




77 


Martin M. Drohan. 


87, 


88. 




77 


Lewis A. Brigham. 


87- 


-89, 




77 


Elijah T. Paxton. 


87- 


-90, 


77, 


78 


Marmaduke Tilden. 




88, 


77, 


78 


Alexander W. Harris, 




88, 


77, 


78 


James Stevens. 




88, 




78 


Dudley S. Steele. 


88, 


89. 




78 


Edward P. C. Lewis. 


88, 


89. 


78, 


79 


81, T. J. McDonald. 


88, 


89, 


78, 


79 


Henry Dusenberry. 




89, 




79 


John Owen Rouse. 




89, 




79 


Frank C. Frey. 


89. 


90, 




79 


G. A. Lilliendahl. 


89, 


92, 




79 


John E. Tangeman. 




90, 


79, 


80 


Joseph Meeks. 




90, 


79, 


80 


Samuel Stilsing. 




90, 




80 


Patrick Sheeran. 


90, 


91, 


80, 


81 


Noah D. Taylor. 


90. 


91, 


80, 


81 


Allan L. McDermott. 


90, 


91, 


80, 


81 


J. Herbert Potts. 


90, 


91, 


80, 


81 


James Curran. 


90—92, 


80, 


82 


David W. Lawrence. 




91, 




81 


Frederick Payne. 




91, 


81, 


82 


James J. Casey. 




91, 




82 


William McAdoo. 




91, 




82 


Robert McCague, Jr. 


91, 


92, 




82 


George H. Farrier. 




92, 




82 


David M. Durrell. 




92, 




82 


John O'Rourke. 




92, 


82, 


83 


Thomas V. Cator. 


92, 


93, 


82- 


-84 


James C. Clarke. 


92, 


93, 


82- 


-84 


Dennis McLaughlin. 


92. 


93, 




83 


Peter F. Wanser. 


92- 


-94, 




83 


John M. Shannon. 


92- 


-94, 


83, 


84 


Martin Steljes. 




93, 


83, 


84 


Augustus A. Rich. 




93, 


83, 


84 


Frank 0. Cole. 




93, 


83, 


84 


Joseph T. Kelly. 


93, 


94, 


83- 


-85 


Edwin 0. Chapman. 


93, 


94, 




84 


Michael J. O'Donnell. 


93, 


94, 


84, 


85 


Cornelius S. See. 




94, 


84, 


85 


87, 88, S. D. Dickinson. 




94, 




85 


Thomas H. Kelly. 




94. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



215 



94, Thomas McEwan, Jr. 

94, Charles Erlenkotter. 

94, 95, James Usher. 

95, Henry C. Gruber. 
95, James F. Blackshaw. 
95, Henry M. Nutzborn. 
95, Frederick Schober. 
95, Robert McAndrew. 

95, William E. Drake. 

95, 96, William N. Parslow. 
95, 96, Pierce J. Fleming. 
95, 96, Richard M. Smart. 

95, 96, David H. Cagney. 

96, Carl H. Ruempler. 
96, John W. Queen. 
96, John E. Hewitt. 
96, Edward Hoos. 

96, Joseph P. Mullin. 

96, 98, Horace L. Allen. 
96, 98, Charles T. Bauer. 

97, Elmer W. Demarest. 
97, William M. KUnk. 
97, Robert D. Urquhart. 
97, Isaac F. Goldenhorn. 
97, William G. Nelson. 
97, John E. McArthur. 
97, Theodore C. Wlldman. 
97, Charles M. Evans. 

97, Clement DeR. Leonard. 
97, William H. Dod. 

97, Wm. 0. Armbruster. 

98, Alexander Simpson. 
98, Adolph Walter, Jr. 

98 — 1900, Allan Benny. 
98 — 1900, James J. Murphy. 
98, 99, James P. Hall. 
98, 99, Fergus T. Kelaher. 
98, 99, Michael J. Bruder. 

98, 99, John J. Marnell. 
98—1900, Tim. J. Carroll. 

99, 1900, J. Emll Walscheld. 
99—1901, Leon Abbett. 
99—1901, Maurice Marks. 
99—1901, John H. Toilers. 
1900, 01, P. Anthony Brock. 
00—02, Geo. G. Tennant. 

00, 01, 02, John J. Fallon. 

00, 01, 02, Edward J. Rice. 

01, 02, John A. Dennln. 

01, 02, Patrick H. Connolly. 

01, 02, KlUan V. Lutz. 
01—03, Peter Stlllwell. 

02, William F. Hurley. 

02, 03, C. G. A. Schumann. 

02, 03, John J. Treacy. 

02 — 03, Frederick Welsmann. 
02 — 05, James A. Hamlll. 

03, Michael J. Cannon. 
03 — 05, Joseph C. Duff. 

03, 04, William D. Kelly. 
03, 04, James F. Fielder. 



03, 


04. 


J. W. Rufus Besson. 


03—05, 


Edgar H. Loveridge. 


03, 


04, 


Thomas P. McGlennon. 


04, 


05, 


Myron C. Ernst. 


04, 


05, 


Godfrey B. Mattheus. 


04, 


05, 


Harry W. Lange. 


04, 


05, 


John Callery. 




04, 


D. Kelsey Whltaker. 




05, 


Archibald S. Alexander. 




05, 


Edward A. Murphy. 




05, 


Joseph A. Rlordan. 




05, 


William J. Boucher. 


05, 


06, 


Robert H. Scott. 




06, 


John J. Coyle. 




06, 


Joseph P. Galvln. 




06, 


William A. Joerg. 




06, 


James E. Woolley. 




06, 


Edward K. Patterson. 




08, 


E. W. Arrosmlth. 




06, 


Herman A. Berg. 




06, 


J. Philip Dlppel. 




06, 


John H. Eggers. 




06, 


Harry F. Thompson. 




06, 


Theodore L. Bierck. 


07, 


08, 


09, 10, Mark A. Sullivan. 


07, 


08, 


09, 10, Charles P. Olwell. 


07, 


08, 


09, 10, Jos. P. Tumulty. 


07, 


08, 


09, 10, James Baker. 


07, 


08, 


C. E. Hendrickson, Jr. 


07, 


08, 


Charles H. Blohm. 




07, 


Joseph A. Rlordan. 




07, 


Archibald S. Alexander. 


07, 


08, 


Philip Daab. 


07, 


08, 


09, 10, 

Oscar L. Auf der Helde. 


07, 


08, 


09, Albert C. Eppinger. 


07, 


08, 


Valentine Holzapfel. 


08, 


09, 


Amadeus Valente. 


08, 


09, 


10, 11, Edw. Kenny. 


09, 


10, 


W. C. Kackenmester. 


09, 


10, 


11, 12, Wm. S. Davidson. 


09, 


10, 


13, 12, Peter H. James. 




09, 


Frederick H. Otto. 


10, 


11, 


James H. Christie. 


10- 


-13, 


15, 16. James C. Agnew. 


10, 


11, 


12, Cornelius Ford. 


11, 


12, 


Thomas M. Donnelly. 


11, 


12, 


13, Charles M. Egan. 


11- 


-13, 


15, Thomas F. Martin. 


11, 


12, 


14, Thos. F. A. Griffin. 




11, 


James J. McGrath. 


11, 


12, 


Chas. E. S. Simpson. 


12, 


13, 


14, Joseph M. Branegan. 




12, 


Geo. F. Brensinger. 


12, 


13, 


Philip Steuerwald. 


13, 


14, 


Magnus Bredenbek. 




13, 


Arthur F. McGrath. 


13, 


14, 


16, Harry Kuhlke. 




13, 


Thomas C Mulligan. 




13, 


Henry W. Moser. 




13, 


Daniel J. Murray. 



216 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



13, 


14, 


14, 


16, 


14, 


16, 




14, 




14, 


14, 


16, 




14, 




14, 




15, 


15, 


IT, 


15, 


17, 




15, 




15, 


15, 


17, 




15, 




45, 




45, 




45, 


45, 


48, 




46, 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47. 


47—49, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


50. 


51. 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 


50- 


-52, 




52, 


52, 


53, 


52, 


53, 


53, 


54, 


53, 


54, 


54, 


55, 


54, 


55, 




55, 




55. 


56, 


57, 


56, 


57, 


56, 


57, 


56, 


57, 


58, 


59, 


58, 


59, 


58, 


59, 


58, 


59, 




60, 


60, 


61, 


60, 


61, 


60, 


61, 


61, 


62, 


62, 


63, 


62- 


-64, 


63, 


64. 


64, 


65, 



Walter L. McDermott. 
George J. Brackner. 
Joseph Carroll. 
Thomas P. Curran. 
Clinton E. Flsk. 
Thomas G. Gannon. 
Dennis Long. 
Joseph P. Mulligan. 
Francis P. Boland. 
Charles C. Colgan. 
Frank A. Dolan. 
Archibald M. Henry. 
Frank A. La Polnte. 
Jacob J. Singer. 
Leo S. Sullivan. 



15, Edward C. Zelger. 

15, Charles W. Ostrom. 

15, 17. Ul.vFscs G. Borden. 

16, 17, llni-.thy F. Aaron. 

16, Charles F. Dolan. 
16, 17, John J. Dugan. 

16, Dennis Dunn, Jr. 
16, 17, Charles 11. Felten. 
16, 17, Allan W. Moore. 

16, Alexander Simpson. 

17, Denis J. Gallagher, Jr. 
17, Joseph F. Hurley. 

17, William J. McGovern. 
17, Theodore Taistra. 



Hunterdon County. 



John Swackhammer. 
Amos Moore. 
John H. Case. 
49, Jonathan Pickel. 
Henry Stevenson. 
Isaac R. Srope. 
Joseph Fritts. 
Frederick Apgar. 
John Lambert. 
Andrew Banghart. 
David Van Fleet. 
John Marlow. 
Luther Opdycke. 
William Tlnsman. 
John R. Young. 
Hiram Bennett. 
Peter H. AlJer. 
Andrew VaUsSickle. 
John Lambert. 
Samuel H. Brltton. 
Lewis Young. 
Peter E. Voorhees. 
Jacob S. C. Plttenger. 
Edward Hunt. 
William Sergeant. 
John M. Voorhis. 
Joseph W. Wlllever. 
John P. Rlttenhouse. 
John H. Horn. 
William Snyder. 
Cornelius B. Sheets. 
Frederick Apgar. 
Thos. Banghart, Jr. 
Charles Denson. 
Ambrose Barcroft. 
D. D. Schomp. 
Jacob H. Huffman. 
S. R. Huselton. 
Joseph W. Wood. 
David H. Banghart. 
David B. Boss. 



65, 66, 
65—67, 

66, 67, 

67, 68, 

68, 69, 
68—70, 

69, 70, 

70, 71, 

71, 72, 
71, 72, 
73, 74, 
73, 74, 
75, 76, 
75, 76, 
77, 78, 
77, 78, 
79, 80, 
79, 80, 
81, 82, 
81, 82, 
83, 84, 
83, 84, 
85—87, 
85—87, 
88—90, 
88—90, 
91, 92, 
91—93, 

93, 
94, 95, 
94—96, 
96—98, 
97—99, 
99—01, 
00—02, 
03—05, 
06—08, 

09—11, 
15—17, 



James J. Wlllever. 
William I. Iliff. 
Richard H, Wilson. 
Baltes Pickel. 
John Williamson. 
Theodore Probasco. 
John P. Lare. 
John Kugler. 
Peter Voorhees. 
Aug. E. Sanderson. 
W. L. Hoppock. 
John Carpenter, Jr. 
James Bird. 
William W. Swayze. 
Henry Brltton. 
John Hackett. 
Charles W. Godown. 
James N. Ramsey. 
George H. Mathews. 
Jacob Hipp. 
John V. Robblns. 
W. Howard Lake. 
John C. Arnwine. 
Chester Wolverton. 
William H. Martin. 
Laurence H. Trimmer. 
William B. Niece. 
Benjamin E. Tine. 
J. L. Chamberlln. 
Charles N. Redding. 
William C. Alpaugh. 
David Lawshe. 
George F. Martens, Jr. 
Oliver I. Blackwell. 
W. A. Laudenberger. 
James H. Wlllever, 
12, 13, 14, 
Oliver C. Holcombe. 
John J. Matthews. 
Harry J. lobst. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



217 



Mercer County. 





45, 




45, 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47, 


46, 


47, 




48, 


48, 


49. 


48—50. 




49, 




50, 


50, 


51, 




51, 




51, 




52, 




52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 




54, 




55, 




55, 




55, 




56, 


56, 


57, 


56, 


57, 


57, 


58, 




58, 


58. 


59, 




59, 


59, 


60, 




60, 


60, 


61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 




62, 


62, 


63, 




63, 


63, 


64, 




64, 


64, 


65, 


65, 


66, 


65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 




67, 


67, 


71, 



69, 70, 
70, 

70, 71, 
71, 
"2, 
72. 



Israel J. Woodward. 
Richard J. Bond. 
•John Lowrey. 
Isaac Pullen. 
John M. Vancleve. 
William White. 
Samuel C. Cornell. 
James M. Redmond. 
Josiah Buzby. 
John R. Dill. 
John F. Hageman. 
John H. Phillips. 
Eli Rogers. 
Westley P. Danser. 
William Napton. 
John C. Ward. 
Jeremiah Vandyke. 
Abner B. Tomlinson. 
Elijah L. Hendrickson. 
Randal C. Robbins. 
James H. Hill. 
Franklin S. Mills. 
Runey R. Forman. 
James Vandeventer. 
William Jay. 
Garret Schenck. 
Samuel Wooley. 
Geo. R. Cook. 
Andrew Dutcher. 
Jacob Van Dyke. 
Jonathan S. Fish. 
Augustus L. Martin. 
Robert Aitken. 
Ed. T. R. Applegate. 
Harper Crozer. 
Joseph Abbott. 
William S. Yard. 
Morgan F. Mount. 
John G. Stevens. 
Geo. W. Johnston. 
Peter Crozer. 
James G. West. 
James F. Bruere. 
John A. Weart. 
Alex. P. Green. 
Samuel Fisher. 
Thomas Crozer. 
Charles W. Mount. 
Joseph H. Bruere. 
Thomas J. Corson. 
Thomas C. Pearce. 
Absalom P. Lanning. 
John P. Nelson. 
James C. Norris. 
Charles O. Hudnut. 
William H. Barton. 
Liscomb T. Robbins. 
Richard R. Rogers. 
John H. Silvers. 



72. 
73, 
73, 
74, 



77, 
78, 
78, 

80, 
80, 
80, 
82, 
82, 
83, 
84, 
84, 



73, Alfred W. Smith. 

74, John N. Lindsay. 

74, Andrew J. Smith. 

75, Geo. O. Vanderbllt. 
75, Samuel M. Youmans. 

75, Robt. S. Woodruff, Jr. 

76, Enoch H. Drake. 
76, John Hart Brewer. 

76, Robert L. Hutchinson. 

77, William S. Yard. 

77, J. Vance Powers. 

78, Horatio N. Burroughs. 

79, 82, Eckford Moore. 
79, John D. Rue. 
79, William Roberts. 
81, Charles S. Robinson. 
81, Richard A. Donnelly. 
81, John V. D. Beekman. 
83, Nelson M. Lewis. 

83, William J. Convery. 

84, Joseph H. Applegate. 

85, A. Judson Rue 
85, John Caminade. 

85, BenJ. F. Chambers. 
87, S. B. Hutchinson. 

86, James C. Taylor, Jr. 

86, William Ossenberg. 

87, Frederick Walter. 

87, George D. Scudder. 

88, Charles H. Olden. 
88, Josith Jones. 

88, Lyman Leavltt. 

89, Uriel T. Scudder. 

89, Thomas S. Chambers. 

90, John Schroth. 

90, Howell C. Stull. 

91, Jacob R. Wyckoff. 

91, James H. Mulheron. 

92, Patrick T. Burns. 

93, James W. Lanning. 
93, Barton B. Hutchinson. 
93, Charles G. Roebling. 
95, William L. Wilbur. 
95, John Glnder. 
95, William T. Exton. 

97, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 
96, 97, Geo. W. Macpherson. 
96, 97, J. Wlggans Thorn. 

98, Frank M. Weller. 
98, 99, John B. Yard. 

98, 99. Henry J. NIcklln. 

99. 1900. Ira W. Wood. 
1900, 01, J. Warren Fleming. 
1900. 01, Frederick P. Rees. 

01, 02, George W. Page. 

02, 03, Harry D. Leavitt. 

02, 03. Bertrand L. Qulick. 

03, 04, Thomas Colclough, Jr. 

04, 05, Ralph Hulse. 



90, 

91, 
92, 
92, 

94, 

94, 
94, 



•Died In office. 



218 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



04, 


05. 


Thomas B. DeCou. 




12, 


John E. Gill. 


05-07, 


Alfred N. Barber. 


12, 


14, 


, 15, Edgar G. Weart. 


06—08, 


Henry D. Thompson. 




13. 


Erwin E. Marshall. 


06, 


07, 


William F. Burke. 


13. 


14, 


Hervey S. Moore. 


08, 


09, 


Edward H. Glnnelley. 


14- 


-16, 


James Hammond. 


08, 


09, 


10, George W. Housel. 


15—17, 


A. Dayton Oliphant. 


09—11, 


Charles H. Mather. 


16, 


17, 


Joslah T. Allinson. 


10, 


11, 


Allan B. Walsh. 




17, 


Clinton H. Read. 


11, 


12, 


13, George W. Adams. 












Middlesex County. 


45, 


46, 


Simeon W. PhlllipB. 




71, 


Edward F. Roberts. 


45, 


46, 


Ralph C. Stults. 


71- 


-73, 


Isaac L. Fischer. 


45, 


46, 


Daniel C. Dunn. 




72, 


Johnston Holcombe. 


45, 


46, 


Charles Abraham. 


72, 


73, 


Joseph C. Letson. 




47, 


Garret G. Voorhees. 




73, 


H. F. Worthington. 




47, 


Theodore F. King. 




74, 


John Von Deursen. 




47, 


John A. Davison. 




74, 


John F. Ten Broeck. 


47, 


48, 


Richard McDowell. 


74, 


75, 


Joseph C. Magee, Jr. 




48. 


Melancton F. Carman. 




75, 


James H. Van Cleef. 


48, 


49, 


Lewis S. Randolph. 




75, 


Josephus Shann. 


48, 


49. 


Aaron GuUck. 




76, 


Isaiah Rolfe. 




49, 


William A. Gullck. 


76, 


77, 


Charles A. Campbell. 


49, 


50, 


James Bishop. 


76, 


77, 


Daniel Z. Martin. 




50, 


Henry Vandyke. 




77, 


John Waldron. 




50, 


Charles Abraham. 


78, 


79, 


Isaac L. Martin. 




50, 


Israel R. Corlell. 


78, 


79, 


Patrick Convery. 




51, 


David Dunn. 


78, 


79, 


Vincent W. Mount. 




51. 


Peter F. Dye. 




80, 


Robert G. Miller. 




51, 


J. B. Johnson. 




80, 


John M. Board. 


51, 


52, 


Robert M. Crowell. 


80, 


81, 


Stephen M. Martin. 




52, 


James Applegate. 


81, 


82, 


James H. Van Cleef. 


52, 


53, 


Josephus Shann. 


81, 


83, 


Manning Freeman. 


53- 


-55. 


Martin A. Howell. 




82, 


John Adair. 


53, 


54, 


Abraham Everett. 


82, 


83, 


James H. Goodwin. 


54, 


55, 


Samuel E. Stelle. 


83, 


84, 


William R. Jernee. 


55, 


56, 


William Hutchinson 


84, 


85, 


Edward S. Savage. 




56, 


John T. Jenkins. 


84, 


85, 


Robert Carson. 


56, 


57, 


Amos Robbins. 


85, 


80, 


John Martin. 




57, 


Henry Stults. 


86, 


87, 


John F. Ten Broeck. 


57, 


58, 


John D. Buckelew. 


86, 


87, 


R. R. Vandenbergh. 


58, 


59, 


Garret I. Snedeker. 


87, 


88, 


John Mulvey. 


58—60, 


Ellis B. Freeman. 


88, 


89, 


Ephralm Cutter. 




59, 


Andrew McDowell. 


88, 


89, 


Charles B. Herbert. 


60, 


61, 


Thomas Booraem. 




89, 


Daniel M. Kane. 


60, 


61, 


Ellas Dey. 


90, 


91, 


Luther H. Tappen. 


61, 


62, 


Ellas Ross. 


90, 


91, 


William C. Jacques. 




62, 


Orlando Perrlne. 


90, 


91, 


Charles H. Manahan. 


62, 


63, 


James T. Crowell. 


92, 


93, 


John H. Daly. 


63, 


64, 


Miles Ross. 


92, 


93, 


Hezeklah Warne. 


63, 


64, 


David B. Wyckoff. 


92- 


-94, 


John W. Beekman. 


64, 


65, 


Abraham C. Corlell. 




94, 


William F. Harkins. 




65, 


James G. Goble. 


94—96, 


Andrew H. Slover. 


65- 


-67, 


69, 70, Levi D. Jarrard. 


95, 


96, 


Edward W. Hicks. 


66, 


67, 


Nathan H. Tyrell. 


95, 


96, 


George H. Tice. 


66, 


67, 


John W. Perrlne. 




97, 


Alexander C. Lltteret. 




68, 


George B. Strong. 




97, 


Jacob H. Whitfield. 


68, 


69, 


Alfred W. Jones. 




97, 


James Fountain. 


68, 


69, 


William M. Cox. 


98, 


99, 


Adam Eckert. 




70, 


George B. Brown. 


98, 


99, 


Joseph H. Rldgeway. 


70, 


71, 


Albert L. Runyon. 


98, 


99, 


John J. Quald. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



219 



1900, 01, Adrian Lyon. 

1900, 01, H. Raymond Groves. 

00 — 03, J. E. Montgomery. 

02, Myron J. Whltford. 
02, 03, W. H. C. Jackson, 

03, Bernard M. Gannon. 
04, 05, J. H. Thayer Martin. 



12, 



04, 05, Alexander R. Fordyce, Jr. 13, 



04, 05, Frank C. Henry. 
06, 07, Frank Crowther. 
06, 07, William R. Drake. 
06, 07, Edward E. Haines. 
08, 10, 11, W. E. Ramsay. 
08, 09, William C. Voorhees, 
08, S. C. Van Cleef. 



09, Rene P. F. Von Mlnden. 

09, Edwin C. McKeag. 

10, Edward Burt. 

11, Jno. V. L. Booraem. 

12, Aug. C. Streitwolf. 

12, J. F. Ten Broeck. 

13, 14, J. P. Kirkpatrick. 

14, 15, Arthur A. Quinn. 
14, George L. Burton. 
16, E. Leon Loblein. 

16, Charles Anderson. 

16, Richard J. Galvin. 

17, George S. Applegate. 
17, James A. Edgar. 

17, Fred. C. Schneider. 



Monmouth County. 



45, 
45, 

45, 46, 
45—47, 
45—47, 

46, 47, 
46, 47, 

47, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

48, 

49, 50, 

49, 

49, 

49, 50, 

49, 50, 

50, 

50, 

51, 

51, 52, 

51, 52, 

51—53, 

52, 

53, 

53, 

53, 54, 

54, 

54, 

54—56, 

55, 

55, 

55, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

57—59, 

57—60, 

58, 59, 

58, 59, 



George P. Fort. 
•Jas. H. Hartshorne. 
Andrew Simpson. 
Hartshorne Tantum. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
William Vandoren. 
John Borden. 
Andrew Simpson. 
William W. Bennett. 
Joel Parker. 
Ferdinand Woodward. 
♦Samuel Bennett. 
Joel W. Ayres. 
Alfred Walling. 
James Hooper. 
John B. Williams. 
George W. Sutphin. 
James D. Hall. 
William G. Hooper. 
Charles Butcher. 
Bernard Connolly. 
William H. Conorer. 
Garret S. Smock. 
Samuel W. Jones. 
Charles Butcher. 
Charles Allen. 
Daniel P. Van Doren. 
Robert Allen. 
Forman Hendrickson. 
John L. Corlles. 
Henry E. Lafetra. 
John Vandoren. 
Thomas B. Stout. 
William H. Johnson. 
Jacob Herbert. 
John R. Barricklo. 
Samuel Beers. 
John V. Conover. 
Austin H. Patterson. 
George Middleton. 
Richard B. Walling. 
J. J. McNlnney. 



60, 61, William H. Mount. 

60, 61, James Patterson. 

61, 62, William V. Ward. 
61, 62, Charles Haight. 

62, George C. Murray. 
63—65, Michael Taylor. 
63, 64, Osborn Curtis. 
63, 64, David H, Wyckoff. 
65, 66, Daniel A. Holmes. 
65, 66, George Schenck. 

66, William C. Browne. 
67, 68, Charles Allen. 
67, 68, Francis Corlles. 
67, 68, Thomas S. R. Brown. 

69, William H. Conover. 
69, 70, Daniel H. Van Mater. 
69, 70, Andrew Brown. 
70—72, Austin H. Patterson. 

71, William S. Horner. 
71, 72, John T. Haight. 

72, Wm. B. Hendrickson. 
73, 74, John B. GlEford. 

73, 74, John S. Sproul. 

73 — 75, George W. Patterson. 

75, 76, Chas. D. Hendrickson. 

75, 76, William V. Conover. 

76, 77, James L. Rue. 

77, James H. Leonard. 

77, 78, William H. Bennett. 

78, George J. Ely. 

78, 79, Arthur Wilson. 

79, 80, 87, Sherman B. Ovlatt. 

79, 80, 92, 93, John D. Honce. 

80, 81, 87, 88, G. H. Lufburrow. 

81, Holmes W. Murphy. 

81, 82, David A. Bell. 

82, Benjamin Griggs. 

82, 83, Peter Forman, Jr. 

83, 84, Alfred B. Stoney. 

83, 84, Thomas G. Chattle. 

84, 85, Charles H. Bond. 
85, William H. Grant. 



•Died in office. 



220 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



85, 86, Frank B. Heyer. 
86, William Plntard. 

86, 87, W. S. Throckmorton. 
88, 89, Edward B. Potts. 

88, 89, Archibald A. Hlgglns. 

89, William F. Patterson. 
90, 91, Aaron B. Johnston. 
90, 91, William D. Campbell. 
90. 91, Charles H. Ivlns. 

93, John D. Honce. 

93, Reuben G. Strahan. 

93, William Taber Parker. 

94, Charles L. Walters. 

94, Richard Borden. 

95, David D. Denlse. 

96, Charles A. Francis. 
96, George B. Snyder. 

96, Alfred Walling, Jr. 

97, William H. Reld. 
97, Oliver H. Brown. 
97, Daniel E. Van Wickle. 
99, Joseph L. Butcher. 
99, Joseph C. Heyer. 

'), B. Drummond Woolley. 
01, Charles R. Snyder. 
01, Sam'l W. Klrkbrlde. 



92, 
92, 
92. 



94, 
95, 
95, 



05, 
05. 



1900, 
1900. 



1900, 01, William Hyres. 
02, William T. Hoffman. 
02, Someri T. Champion. 

02, 03, John A. Rowland. 

03, 04, Charles F. McDonald. 
03, 04, Amzl M. Posten. 

04, William F. Leffereon. 
05, 06, Edgar I. VanderVeer. 
06, Walter S. Reed. 

06, George C. Henry. 

07, Isaac B. Davison. 
07, T. Nelson Llllagore. 

07, Frank J. Manson. 

08, Wllbert A. Beecroft. 
08, David B. Tantum. 
08, John W. Keough. 

09, 10, Joseph D. Bedle. 
09, 10, Monroe V. Poole. 
09, 10, Peter Vredenburgh. 

11, Jas. A. Hendrickson. 
11, 12, 16, 17, Elmer H. Geran. 
11, 12, 13, ♦Leon R. Taylor. 
13, 14, William E. Mount. 

14, William Winans. 

15 — 17, Harry G. Van Note. 

15, John Thomson. 



Morris County. 



45, 
46, 
46, 
46, 
47, 
47, 
47, 
47, 
49, 
49, 
49, 
49, 
50, 
50, 
50, 
50, 
51, 
51, 
51, 
62. 
53, 
53, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
55, 
55, 
55, 
56, 
56, 
57, 
57, 



Timothy Kitchel. 
Matthias Kitchel. 
Henry Seward. 
George H. Thompson. 
Calvin Howell. 
Richard Lewis. 
Charles McFarland. 
Samuel Hilts. 
Andrew I. Smith. 
David T. Cooper. 
Samuel Van Ness. 
Edward W. Whelpley. 
John L. Kanouse. 
Andrew Cobb. 
Freeman Wood. 
George H. Thompson. 
Horace Chamberlain. 
Jonathan P. Bartley. 
Joslah Meeker. 
Cornelius B. Doremus. 
C. S. Dickereon. 
John D. Jackson. 
Robert Albright. 
John L. Kanouse. 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
William P. Conkllng. 
William Logan. 
Aaron Pltnsy. 
Edward Howell. 
Wm. M. Muchmore. 
William A. Carr. 
Daniel Budd. 



57, 58, 

57, 58, 

58, 59, 
58, 59, 



60—62, 

60—62, 

61, 

61, 62, 

62, 63, 
63, 

63—65, 

64, 

64, 65, 



66, 67, 

66, 67, 

67, 



68—70, 
69, 70, 
69, 70, 
71, 72, 
71, 72, 
71—73, 
73, 74, 
73, 74, 
74—76, 



Benjamin M. Felch. 
Richard Speer. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
John Naughrlght. 
A. H. Stansborough. 
Jamas H. Ball. 
Eugene Ayres. 
Nelson H. Drake. 
Nathan Horton. 
William W. Beach. 
John Hill. 
Jacob Vanatta. 
William J. Wood. 
Jesse Hoffman. 
Henry C. Sanders. 
John Bates. 
Alfred M. Treadwell. 
John Hill. 
James C. Yawger. 
Ellas M. White. 
Lewis Estler. 
Daniel Coghlan. 
George Gage. 
Jesse M. Sharp. 
Theodore W. Phoenix. 
Columbus Beach. 
Nathaniel Niles. 
W. B. Lefevre. 
August C. Canfleld. 
W. H. Howell. 
Jacob Z. Budd. 
Ellas M. SkelUnger. 



^Became Acting Governor in '13. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



221 



75, 


76. 


James C, Youngblood. 




93, 


Sylvester Utter. 


75, 


76, 


Edmund D. Halsey. 


94, 


95, 


Charles A. Baker. 




77, 


Abm. C. Van Duyne. 


94, 


95, 


William C. Bates. 




77, 


••Cummins 0. Cooper. 


96, 


97, 


Charles F. Hopkins. 


77, 


78. 


C. P. Garrabrant. 


96. 


97, 


Joseph B. Rlghter. 




78, 


Francis J. Doremus. 


98, 


90, 


George E. Poole. 




78, 


Joshua S. Salmon. 


98- 


-1900. Jacob W. Welsh. 


79, 


80, 


Charles P. Axtell. 


1900. 01, Samuel L. Garrison. 


79, 


80, 


James H. Bruen. 


01, 


02, 


Chas. R. Whitehead. 


79, 


80, 


Holloway W. Hunt. 


02, 


03, 


William T. Brown. 


81, 


82, 


William C. Johnson. 


03, 


04, 


Thomas J. Hlllery. 


81, 


82, 


91, 92, John F. Post. 


04, 


05, 


Charles A. Baker. 


81, 


82, 


Oscar Llndsley. 


05. 


06, 


John M. Mills. 


83, 


84, 


James H. Neighbour. 


06. 


07, 


Richard J. Chaplin. 


83, 


84, 


Amzi F. Weaver. 


07. 


08, 


Henry W. Buxton. 


83- 


-85, 


George W. Jenkins. 


08. 


09, 


James A. Lyon. 


85, 


86, 


John Seward Wills. 


09. 


10, 


Oscar B. Smith. 


85, 


86, 


Ellas C. Drake. 


10. 


12, 


William F. Birch. 


86, 


87, 


John Norwood. 




11. 


Albert Bunn. 


87, 


88, 


Samuel S. Lyon. 




11, 


Eugene S. Burke. 


87, 


88, 


John R. Pitney. 




12, 


Joseph G. Willis. 


88, 


89, 


Carnot B. Meeker. 




13, 


James J. Lyons. 


89, 


90, 


John Norrls. 




13. 


Edward D. Neighbour. 


89, 


90, 


William S. Naurlght. 


14—16, 


George W. Downs. 


90, 


91, 


Jas. Preston Albright. 


14—16, 


Harry W. Mutchler. 


01, 


92, 


Ford D. Smith. 




17. 


Jacob J. Yreeland. 




93, 


Thomas J. O'Brien. 




17, 


Arthur Whitney. 






Ocean County 




61—53, 


Joel Haywood. 




81, 


William H. Bennett. 




54, 


A. 0. S. Havens. 




82, 


Clifford Horner. 


55, 


56, 


William F. Brown. 




83, 


George T. Cranmer. 


57- 


-59, 


Edwin Salter. 




84, 


Augustus W. Irons. 




60, 


Thomas W. Ivins. 


85. 


86, 


George G. Smith. 




61, 


Charles H. Applegate. 


90—92. 


Adolph Ernst. 




62, 


Ephraim Emson. 


93, 


94, 


John T. Burton. 




63, 


Edwin Salter. 


95, 


96, 


Abraham Lower. 


64, 


65, 


Jacob Blrdsall. 


97. 


98. 


Roderick A. Clark. 


66, 


67, 


Job Edwarls. 


99- 


-1901, Courtney C. Carr. 


68, 


69. 


G. W. Cowperthwaite. 




02, 


George W. Holman. Jr. 


70, 


71, 


Albert M. Bradshaw. 




03, 


William J. Harrison. 




72, 


Richard B. Parker. 


04. 


05, 


Cornelius C. Pearce. 




73, 


John S. Shultze. 




06, 


George C. Warren. 




74, 


Edward M. Lonan. 




07, 


Samuel S. Taylor. 


75, 


87, 


88, 89, J. S. Goble. 


08, 


09, 


10, BenJ. H. Crosby. 




76, 


Ephraim P. Emson. 


11, 


12, 


Harry E. Newman. 




77. 


Isaac A. Van Hise, 


13- 


-16, 


David G. Conrad. 


78—80, 


RufuB Blodgett. 




17, 


Harry T. Hagaman. 






Passaic 


1 County. 


45, 


48. 


George W. Colfax. 


52, 


54, 


John L. Laroe. 


45, 


46, 


Chlleon F. De Camp. 




52, 


J. S. Fayerweather. 




47, 


Abm. Prall. 




53. 


J. V. R. Van Blarcom. 


47, 


48, 


Henry M. Van Ness. 




53. 


Cornelius Van Winkle. 




48, 


John M. Demarest. 


53, 


54. 


Philip Rafferty. 




49, 


Oscar Decker. 




54. 


Charles H. May. 


49, 


50, 


C. S. Van Wagoner. 




55. 


William C. Stratton. 


50, 


51, 


Thomas D. Hoxsey. 




55. 


William M. Morrell. 


51, 


52, 


Benjamin Geroe. 


55, 


56. 


John Schoonmaker. 



••In 1878, Cummins 0. Cooper was unseated by Joshua S. 
Salmon. 



222 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



Peter H. Whrltenor. 
BenJ. Buckley. 
John J. Brown. 
James B. Beam. 
Patrick Magennls. 
Richard Van Houtea. 
Joel M. Johnson. 
Samuel Pope. 
Isaac Stagg. 
Isaac P. Cooley. 
Socrates Tuttle. 
John N, Terhune. 
Chandler D. Norton. 
Samuel Pope. 
Joseph N. Taylor. 
Charles P. Johnson. 
Aaron Klnter. 
Garret "Van Wagoner. 
Isaac D. Blauvelt. 
E. A. Stansbury. 
David Henry. 
Joseph R. Baldwin. 
A. A. Van Voorhees. 
Hugh Held. 
72, C. Hemmingway. 
Henry Hobbs. 
Charles P. Gurnee. 
75, Robert M. Torbet. 
79, John O'Brien. 
Henry McDanolds, 
George Barnes. 
Garret A. Hobart. 
David Henry. 
John P. Zeluff. 
John TV. Griggs. 
John Sanderson. 
Jos. L. Cunningham. 
John Kennell. 
John H. Robinson. 
George "W. Conkllng. 
Robert B. Morehead. 
Thomas B. Vreeland. 
Jacob Latus. 
Joseph A. Greaves. 
Patrick H. Shields. 
William F. Gaston. 
92, 93, 94, Thos. Flynn. 
Clark W. Mills. 
William Prall. 
Cornelius A. Cadmus. 
John Scheele. 
De Witt C. Bolton. 
George H. Low. 
William B. Gourley. 
George Law. 
John Donohue. 
Robert A. Carroll. 
89, James Keys. 
James H. Rogers. 
Eugene Bmley. 
John I. Holt. 
Chas. T. Woodward. 





oa, 
90, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90. 


91. 




91. 




92. 


92, 


93, 


92, 


93, 


93, 


94, 




94, 




94, 




95, 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96. 


9&— 98. 




97, 




97. 


98, 


99, 


98, 


99, 




98. 


99—01, 


1900, 


00—03, 


01, 


02. 


01—03. 




02, 


02, 


03. 




03, 


03—05, 




04. 


04, 


05. 


04, 


05. 


05, 


06, 


05, 


06, 




06, 


06, 


08, 




06, 




07. 




07. 




07. 




07. 




07. 


08, 


09. 




08, 


08, 


09, 




08, 


09. 


10, 




09, 


10, 


11, 


10, 


11, 




11, 




12, 




12. 




13, 




13. 




.13, 




13, 




13, 


14, 


15. 



William W. Welch. 
Thomas McCran. 
John King. 
John F. Kerr. 
Robert Williams. 
Richard Carroll. 
James Parker. 
Frank Gledhlll. 
John F. Smith. 
John I. Holt. 
John McKelvey. 
William I. Lewis. 
Samuel Frederick. 
James Robertson. 
Samuel Bullock. 
97. 99, 1900. John King. 
Henry W. GledhiU. 
Frank Atherton. 
Phlneas Bridge. 
Wood McKee. 
John W. Sturr. 
John Donohue. 
Vivian M. Lewis. 
Richard Berry. 
Edmund G. Stalter. 
Wm. B. Davidson. 
Hiram Keasler. 
Raymond Bogert. 
04. F. W. Van Blarcom. 
Anton L. Pettersen. 
George H. Dalrymple. 
Jacob De Lazier. 
Ernest Shaw. 
10. 11. Thos. R. Layden. 
George F. Wright. 
Henry Marelll. 
Arthur M. Smethurst. 

09, John D. Prince. 
Colin R. Wise. 
William A. Merz. 
Abram Klenert. 
Frank A. Pawelski. 
Henry J. Earle. 
John D. Van Blarcom. 

10. 11. 12, 

Amos H. Radclifife 
Samuel McCoid. 
William B. Burpo. 
Henry C. Whitehead. 
Edward T. Moore. 
James G. Blauvelt. 
12, Thomas F. I^IcCran. 
12, Leonard Plkaart. 
Arthur P. Jackson. 
William W. Watson. 
G. H. Vermuelen. 
Robert F. Buckley. 
James E. Kerwin. 
Robert A. Roe. 
James Matthews. 
Joseph A. Delaney. 
William J. Barbour. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



223 



14—17, 
14, 15, 

14r— 16, 

14^17, 
16, 



45, 
45, 
45, 
46, 
46. 
46, 
47, 
47, 
47. 48. 



George H. Dalrymple. 
■William Hughes. 
John Hunter. 
Edmund B. Eandall. 
John H. Adamson. 

Salem County. 



16, Joslah Dadley. 

17, Clinton D. Ackerman. 
17, Henry G. Hershfield. 
17, Fred. J. Tattersall. 



57— E 
58, 



63, 



David Wiley. 
Isaiah Conklyn. 
Robert Hewitt. 
Ephralm Carel. 
Charles Bllderback. 
George Remster. 
Joseph M. Springer. 
James Vanmeter. 
Joseph Foster. 
Benj. F. McCollister. 
Joseph R. Chew. 
James H. Trenchard, 
Isaac Llpplncott. 
John Fowler. 
Charles B. Newell. 
David Slthens. 
Benjamin Remster. 
Smith Bllderback. 
Charles Benner. 
Harman Rl'?hnian. 
Jacob Hltchner. 
John C. Lummls. 
Nathaniel G. Swing. 
John Blackwood. 
Isaiah D. Clawson. 
Richard Grier. 
Joshua Thompson. 
John Harris. 
Joseph KlUe. 
Samuel Plummer. 
"William Beckett. 
Thomas B. Jones. 
Alfred Simpkins. 
Samuel Ilabermayer. 
Joshua Llpplncott. 
Owon Ii. .rones. 
William P. Somers. 
Samuel D. Miller. 
Joseph Waddlngton. 
Joseph W. Cooper. 
William N. Hancock. 



65, William Callahan. 

65, 66, A. M. P. V. H. Dlckeson. 

66, 67, Samuel Garrison. 

67, John S. Newell. 

68, Henry M. Wright. 

68, 69, Andrew S. Reevee. 

69, 70, Charles F. H. Gray. 

70, David Evans. 

71, John W. Dickinson. 

71, John Hltchner. 

72, Smith Hewitt. 

72, 73. Daniel P. Darrell. 

73, 74, William Iszard. 

74, 75, William B. Carpenter. 

75, Charles P. Swing. 

76, Richard Coles. 

76 — 78, Qulnton Keasbey. 

77, John S. Elwell. 

78, William C. Kates. 
79—81, Henry Barber. 
79—81, John T. Garwood. 
82 — 84, Henry Combs. 

85, 86, Joseph D. Whitaker 

87, William Newell. 

88, Millard F. Riley. 
89, 90, John C. Ward. 
91, 92, James Strimple. 
93, 94, William Diver. 

95, 96, Charles W. Powers. 
97, 98, Joseph B. Crlspen. 

', Frank Wright. 

01, Henry J. Blohm. 



1900, 

02 

03, 

04—06, 

07, 08, 



15- 



John Tyler. 

Ephralm C. Harris. 

Thomas E. Hunt. 

10, Samuel A. Ridgway. 
09, John D. Schade. 
11, Chas. L. Richmond. 

13, Isaac S. Smiok. 

14, William M. Wheatley. 
-17, Lemuel H. Greenwood. 



Somerset County. 



45, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 47, 

46, 

47—49, 

47-^9, 

48—50, 

50, 

60, 51, 

61, 



Peter Voorhees. 
Samuel Reynolds. 
Peter Kline. 
James B. Elmendorf. 
Peter T. Beekman. 
Jonathan Cory. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
F. V. D. Voorhees. 
John M. Wyckoff. 
Samuel S. Doty. 
53, John De Mott. 
Frederick D. Brokaw. 



51, 52. Eugene S. Doughty. 

52, Michael R. Nevius. 
53, 54, John H. Anderson. 
54 — 56, John S. Hoagland. 

55, Alvah Lewis. 
56, 57, Cornelius M. Schomp. 

57, Cornelius N. Allen. 
58, 59, Nehemiah V. Steele. 
58, 59, 60, Elisha B. Wood. 
60, 61, 70, J. W. Arrowsmith. 
61—63, John G. Schenck. 
62, 63, John M. Mann. 



224 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



64, 65, 

64, 65, 

66, 67, 

67, 



69—71, 
71, 
72, 73, 
72, 73, 
74, 75, 
75—77, 
76, 77, 
78—80, 
78—80, 
81, 
81, 82, 
83, 84, 
85, 86, 

45, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 47, 

46—48, 

47—49, 

48—50, 

49, 

50, 51, 

50, 51, 

51, 

52, 

62—54, 

52, 55, 

53, 54, 
53, 54, 

55, 
55—57, 
56—58, 
56—58, 

68, 
59, 60, 
59, 60, 
59, 60, 

61, 

62, 



58, 

58, 

59, 

69, 60, 

60, 61, 

61, 

62, 

f.2, 63, 

63, 64, 

64. 65. 



Daniel Corey. 
66, Rynier A. Staats. 
Ralph Davenport. 
Peter A. Voorhees. 
Abraham T. Huff. 
John J. Bergen. 
John R. Staats. 
James Doty. 
David D. Smalley. 
74, Jno. G. Schenck. 
William P. Sutphln. 
Joseph H. Voorhees. 
91, 92, Jas. J. Bergen. 
John Rlngelmann. 
J. Newton Voorhees. 
John L. Oakey. 
William A. Schomp. 
Cornelius S. HoCfman. 
John Vetterleln. 

Sussex 

Absalom Dunning. 
Jesse Bell. 
Timothy H. Cook. 
Juhn Hunt. 
Peter Young. 
Thos. D. Armstrong. 
Peter Hoyt. 
Jacob Hornbeck, Jr. 
Martin Ryerson. 
Guy Price. 
William Slmonson. 
Daniel D. Decker. 
George W. CoUver. 
Timothy E. Shay. 
Aaron K. Stlnson. 
Benjamin Hamilton. 
Luther Hill. 
James L. Decker. 
Daniel D. Gould. 
William Smith. 
John W. Opdyke. 
Sanford McKeeby. 
Martin Cole. 
61, Charles Mackerly. 
61, Daniel D. Decker. 
William Price. 
Thomas N. McCarter. 



87, George E. Pace. 

88, Oscar Conkling. 
89, 90, Jacob Klotz. 

93, George H. Cramer. 
94, 95, Frank W. Somers. 

96, Charles A. Reed. 

97, 98, Peter V. D. Van Doren. 
99, 1900, Edward E. Cooper. 

01, 02, Henry W. Hoagland. 
03, 04, Sam'l S. Swackhamer. 
05, 06, Irving Hoagland. 

07, 08, 09, 10, Wm. W. Smalley. 

11, Geo. M. La Monte. 

12, William de La Roche 

Anderson. 
13, 14, Azarlah M. Beekman. 
15, 16, Ogtlen H. Hammond. 
17, John S. Amerman. 

County. 

62—64, William H. Bell. 
63, 64, Robert Hamilton. 

65, Samuel Fowler. 
65—67, William M. Illff. 
66, 67, 73, 74, F. M. Ward. 
68—70, Hiram C. Clark. 
68 — 70, Samuel H. Hunt. 

71, Peter Smith. 
71, 72, Lebbeus Martin. 
75, 76, William Owen. 
77, 78, George Greer. 
79—81, Lewis J. Martin. 
82—84, William E. Ross. 
85—87, Horatio N. Kinney. 
88—90, Andrew J. Bale. 
91 — 93, Jacob Swartwout. 
94 — 96, William P. Coursen. 

97, Horace E. Rude. 

98, 99, 1900, Elvin E. Smith. 
1901, Theodore M. Roe. 

02, 03, 04, Lewis S. Illff. 
05, Vacancy.* 

06—08, Levi H. Morris. 

09, 10, 11, 12, Chas. A. Meyer. 

13, 14, 15, Henry T. Kays. 

16, Edward Ackerson. 

17, Philip S. Wilson. 



Benjamin M. Price 
Carmon Parse. 
William Stiles. 
Elston Marsh. 
David Mulford. 
Israel 0. Ma.xwell. 
John J. High. 
Samuel L. Moore. 
Noah Woodruff. 
Philip Dougherty. 



Union County. 

65, Joseph T. Crowell. 

66, John R. Crane. 

66, Thomas J. Lee. 

67, A. M. W. Ball. 
67, Enos W. Runyon. 

68, 69, John H. Whelan. 
68, 69, DeWitt C. Hough. 

70, Albert A. Drake. 
70, 71, 75, Ferd. Blancke. 



71, Joseph W. Yates. 



•Jackson R. 
of Legislature. 



Decker was elected, but died before meeting 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



225 





72. 


72—74. 


72, 


73, 




73, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75, 


76, 


77, 


70, 


77, 


76- 


-78, 




78, 


78- 


-80, 


79, 


80, 


79- 


-82, 


81, 


82, 


81- 


-83, 


83, 


M, 


83, 


84, 




84, 




85, 


85, 


86, 


85—87, 


86, 


87, 


87, 


88. 


88—90, 


88—90, 


89, 


90, 


91, 


92, 


91- 


-93, 


91- 


-93, 




93, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 


96, 


97, 




45, 




45, 


45, 


46. 


46-^8, 


46—48. 


47- 


-49. 


49—51, 


49- 


-51, 


50, 


51, 




52, 


52- 


-54, 


52- 


-54, 


54- 


-56. 


55—57, 


55—57. 


57- 


-59, 




58, 


58, 


59, 


59- 


-61, 




60. 


60—62. 


61, 


63, 



Andrew Dutcher. 
William McKinley. 
John H. Lufberry. 
Jabez B. Cooley. 
William H. Gill. 
Ellas R. Pope. 
Moses F. Cary. 
Benjamin A. Vail. 
John Egan. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
George M. Stiles. 
Philip H. Vernon. 
John T. Dunn. 
George T. Parrott. 
Frank L. Sheldon. 
Edward J. Byrnes. 
Asa T. Woodruff. 
DeWitt C. Hough. 
Jacob Kirkner. 
Peter L. Hughes. 
William H. Corbln. 
Wm. Chamberlain. 
John J. Matthews. 
Foster M. Voorhees. 
John Ulrich. 
Frederick C. Marsh. 
John Carroll. 
George Kyte. 
Thimas F. Lane. 
Timothy M. Kelly. 
John N. Burger. 
Joseph Cross. 
Charles N. Codding. 
Henry Clauss. 



96, 97, J. Martin Roll. 
96, 97, William R. Codington. 
98, 99, George A. Squire. 
98, 99, Roger F. Murray. 
98, 99, Robert G. Houston. 
1900, 01, Ellis R. Meeker. 
1900, 01, Chester M. Smith. 
1900, 01. Charles S. Foote. 

02, Frederick Miller. 
02, 03, William Newcorn. 

02, 03, William F. Hall. 

03, 05, Edward S. Coyne. 
04, Charles L. Moffett. 
04, Joseph T. Hague. 
04, Joseph H. Gunn. 

05—07, Peter Tillman. 
05—07, *Kandolph Perkins. 
06, Everard K. Tucker. 

07, 08, John R. Moxon. 

08, 09, 10, Carlton B. Pierce. 

08, 09, Albert F. Kirstein. 

09, 10, Augustus W. Schwartz. 

10, 11, Lloyd Thompson. 

11, Calvin E. Brodhead. 

11, 13, H. J. McLaughlin. 

12, William F. Groves. 
12. George C. Otto, 

12, George L. Babcock. 
13, 14, William A. Leonard. 
13, 14, John J. Griffin. 

14, Francis V. Dobbins. 
15—17, William N. Runyon. 
15 — 17, Charles L. Morgan. 
15 — 17, Arthur N. Pierson. 



Warren County. 



Abram Wildrick. 
Stephen Warne. 
Robert C. Caskey. 
Jonathan Shotwell. 
Amos H. Drake. 
Samuel Mayberry. 
Andrew Ribble. 
Benjamin Fritts. 
53, John Loller. 
John Cline. 
John Sherrer. 
David V. C. Crate. 
George H. Beatty. 
Archibald Osborn. 
John White. 
Isaac Leida. 
Abm. S. Van Horn. 
William Feit. 
Robert Rusling. 
Philip Shoemaker. 
John C. Bennett. 
David Smith. 



62—64, 
63—65, 
64-66, 
65, 66, 
66—68, 
67, 68, 
67—69, 
69—71, 
69—71, 
70—72, 
72—74, 
73—75, 
75, 
76, 
76—78, 
77—79, 
79—81, 
80—82, 
82, 
83—85, 
83—85, 



William W. Strader. 
Elijah Allen. 
Charles G. Hoagland. 
Silas Young. 
Andrew J. Fulmer. 
John N. GIvens. 
Nelson Vllet. 
Absalom B. Pursell. 
Caleb H. Valentine. 
William Silverthorn. 
Valentine Mutchler. 
Joseph Anderson. 
John M. Wyckoff. 
William Carpenter. 
Ellas J. Mackey. 
Silas W. De Witt. 
Coursen H. Albertson. 
William Fritts. 
Robert Bond. 
Stephen C. Larlson. 
Isaac Wildrick. 
Thomas L. Titus. 



♦Elected to fill vacancy caused by death of George H. Embree 
In 1905. 

15 



226 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



88, 87, 
87—89, 
88—91, 
90—92, 
92—94, 

93, 
94, 95, 

95, 
96—98, 
96—98. 



William M. Balrd. 
Samuel B. Mutchler. 
Eliphalet Hoover. 
Daniel W. Ilagerty. 
L. Milton Wilson. 
Richard H. Sheppard. 
Samuel V. Davis. 
George W. Smith. 
Alfred L. Flnmmerfelt. 
William K. Bowers. 



99—1901, Hiram D. White. 
99—1901, Jacob B. Smith. 

02, William R. Lalre. 
0.3—05, John A. Wlldrlck. 
00—08, Joseph H. Firth. 

09, Harry B. Moon. 
10, 11, George B. Cole. 
12, 13, 14, Henry O. Carhart. 
15—17, Alonzo D. Herrick. 



THE EXECUTIVE. 227 

THE EXECUTIVE. 



PREROGATIVES AND DUTIES OF THE GOVERNOR. 

The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of all the mili- 
tary and naval forces of the State; is President (ex 
officio) of the Board of Trustees of Princeton anc 
Rutg-ers Colleges, and also of Burlington College, and 
of the Board of Managers of the Geological Survey. 
He Is Chairman of the State Board of Canvassers, and 
has power to fill any vacancy for New Jersey that may 
occur in the United States Senate. 

He is a member of the following Boards: Trustees of 
School Fund; Court of Pardons; Commissioners of 
Agricultural College Fund; Commissioners of the State 
Library and State House Commission. 

With the advice and consent of the Senate, he has 
the power of appointing the following oflicers: Chan- 
cellor, Chief Justice, Judges of the Supreme Court and 
Circuit Courts, Inferior Courts and Lay Judges of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals, Attorney-General, Sec- 
retary of State, Clerk of the Court of Chancery, Clerk 
of the Supreme Court, Keeper of the State Prison, a 
Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, a Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, Prosecutors of the Pleas, 
Visitors to tlie State Agricultural College, State Board 
of Taxes and Assessment, Commissioner of Labor, 
State Board of Education, Major-General, Quarter- 
master-General, Adjutant-General, Supervisor of the 
State Prison, six Inspectors of the State Prison, Com- 
missioners of Pilotage, the Board of Managers of the 
State Hospitals, Judges of the District Courts, Manag- 
ers for the Home for Feeble-Minded Women, Port 
Wardens and Harbor Masters, State Board of Medical 
Examiners, Public Utility Commissioners, County 
Boards of Equalization of Taxes, State Home for 
Boys, State Home for Girls, Commissioners of New 
Jersey Reformatory, Managers State Home for Dis- 
abled Soldiers, Marines and Their Wives, Managers 
Home for Disabled Soldiers at Kearny, State Board of 
Health, Commissioner of Charities and Corrections, 
Managers of the State Village for Epileptics, Managers 
for Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases, Civil Service 
Commissioners, State Road Commissioner, Fish and 
Game Coinmissioners, Members Board of Conservation 
and Development, Members Board of Commerce and 
Navigation, Superintendent of Weights and Measures, 



228 THE EXECUTIVE. 

Commissioner of Reports, Palisades, Inter-State Park 
Commission, Board of Tenement House Supervision, 
Commissioners State Reformatory for Women, Mem- 
bers State Board of Shell Fisheries. 

Without the consent of the Senate: Oyster Commis- 
sioners, Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, Foreign 
Commissioners of Deeds, New Jersey State Pharma- 
ceutical Association, State Board of Dentistry, Inspec- 
tors of Steamboats, Private Secretary, Notaries Public, 
Moral Instructors in the State Prison, Managers New 
Jersey Firemen's Home, Inspectors of Power Vessels, 
Railroad Policemen and other Boards and Commission- 
ers, and fill all vacancies that occur in any office during 
a recess of the Legislature, which offices are to be filled 
by the Governor and Senate, or Legislature in Joint 
Meeting; also, vacancies happening in the offices of 
Clerk or Surrogate in any county; issues warrants for 
the admission of blind and feeble-minded children Into 
institutions; grants requisitions and renditions, and 
has power to offer rewards for apprehending and se- 
curing persons charged with certain crimes; signs or 
vetoes all bills and joint resolutions passed by the 
Legislature; has power to convene the Legislature, 
or Senate alone, If, in his opinion, public necessity 
requires it; grants, under the Great Seal of the State, 
commissions to all such officers as require to be com- 
missioned; has right to borrow money for the State; 
sign all riparian leases or grants issued by the Board 
of Commerce and Navigation; he has power to re- 
prieve in cases of capital punishment, and to suspend 
fines at any time not exceeding ninety days after con- 
viction, and in case of pardon or commutation of sen- 
tence, the Governor's vote in the affirmative is neces- 
sary. 

Besides all these duties, the Governor finds it neces- 
sary to read and answer a large mass of correspond- 
ence, which comes to the department daily. All bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature are 
compared, and then indexed In the Executive Depart- 
ment, before presentation to the Governor, 

He receives a salary of $10,000 a year, and Is not 
allowed any fees or perquisites what ever. 

His term of office is three years. 

OFFICES PILLED BY THE LEGISLATURE IN JOINT 
MEETING. 
State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Commissioners 
of Deeds and State Director of Railroads and Canals. 



COUNTIES, CITIES AND BOROUGHS. 229 

CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTIES, CITIES 
AND BOROUGHS. 

COUNTIES. 
(See act of March 7th, chapter 8, Laws of 1911.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 300,000. Hud- 
son, 571,371 ; Essex, 566,324. 

Second Class — Having a population of not less than 50.000 
nor more than 300,000. Passaic, 236,364 ; Bergen, 178,596 ; 
Union, 167.332 ; Camden, 163,221 ; Middlesex. 144.716 ; 
Mercer, 139,812 ; Monmouth, 107,636 ; Atlantic, 82,840 ; 
Morris, 81,514 ; Burlington, 74,737 ; Cumberland, 59,481. 

Third Class — Having a population of not less than 20,000 
nor more than 50,000. Warren, 44,314 ; Somerset, 44,123 ; 
Gloucester, 43,587; Hunterdon, 34,697; Salem, 30,292; 
Sussex, 25,977 ; Cape May, 24,407 ; Ocean, 23,011. 

Fourth Class — All counties not embraced in either the 
first, second or third class. None. 

CITIES. 
(See act of March 18th, 1901.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 150,000. 
Newark, 366,721 ; Jersey City, 270,903. 

Second Class — Having a population of not less than 12,000 
nor more than 150,000. Paterson, 124,815 ; Trenton, 103,- 
190; Camden, 102,215 ; Elizabeth, 82,036 ; Hoboken, 67,611 ; 
Bayonne, 64,461 ; Passaic, 61.225 ; East Orange, 40,961 ; 
Perth Amboy, 39,719 ; New Brunswick, 30,019 ; Orange, 
29,805 ; Plainfield, 24,516 ; Long Branch, 14,565 ; Bridgeton, 
13,611 ; Millville, 13,307. 

Third Class — All cities not embraced within either the 
first or second class, except cities binding upon the Atlantic 
Ocean and being seaside and Summer resorts. 

Fourth Class — All cities binding upon the Atlantic Ocean 
and being seaside or Summer resorts. Atlantic City, 51,667. 

BOROUGHS. 
(See act of March 23d, 1883, and Supreme Court decision. 

State, Borough of Hightstown, pros., vs. James Glenn, 18 

Vr., page 105.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 3,000 

Second Class — Having a population between 1,500 and 
3,000. 

Third Class — All boroughs and incorporated villages not 
contained in the first and second classes. 



230' NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



The following Is a list of the titles of newspapers pub- 
lished in the State of New Jersey, town and county where 
published, time of publication, political or special char- 
acter, and names of editors and publishers : 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

NEWS — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. Frank O. Breder, publisher. 

DER PILOT (German) — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent. Henry Gries, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE TRIBUNE— Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Independent Republican. Henry Gries, editor. 

SOUTH JERSEY REPUBLICAN— Hammonton. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Hoyt & Son, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

SOUTH JERSEY STAR— Hammonton. Weekly. Independ- 
ent. Thomas B. Delker, editor and publisher. 

LA LEBEA — Hammonton. Weekly, Saturday. Republican. 
Nicholas Casban, editor and publisher. 

ATLANTIC CITY GAZETTE-REVIEW— Atlantic City. 
Daily, except Sunday. Republican. Gazette-Review Co. 
James M. Healey, editor. 

ATLANTIC CITY DAILY PRESS— Atlantic City. Daily, 
every morning, except Sunday. Republican. Daily Press 
Union Co. Francis E. Croasdale, editor. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY RECORD— Mays Landing. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. E. C. Sbaner, proprietor. E. 
C. Shaner and Ira T. B. Smith, editors. 

EVENING UNION — Atlantic City. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Republican. Daily Press Union Co. Walter 
Creighton, editor. Office in Daily Press Building. 

SUNDAY GAZETTE— Atlantic City. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Republican. Gazette-Review Co. James M. Healey, 
editor. 

PLEASANTVILLE PRESS— Pleasantville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. S. E. Whitman & Sons, pro- 
prietors. B, E. Whitman, editor. 

FREIE PRESSE (German)— Atlantic City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Jacob Mueller, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

VENTNOR NEWS — Ventnor City (Atlantic City). Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. Carl M. Voelker. publisher. 

SOMERS POINT RECORD— Somers Point. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent. Charles H. Collins, editor and 
proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 231 



BERGEN COUNTY. 

THE EVENING RECORD— Hackensack. Evening. Inde- 
pendent, Evening Record Publishing Company, publisliers. 
Evan G. Runner, editor. 

THE HACKENSACK REPUBLICAN — Hackensack. Weekly, 
on Tliursday. Republican. Eugene K. Bird, editor and 
publisher. 

THE BERGEN COUNTY DEMOCRAT — Hackensack. 
Weekly. Democratic. Democrat Publishing Company, M. 
J. Ford, president. 

CARLSTADT FREIE PRESSE (Ger:-:an) — Carlstadt. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. Augu&t Moench, 
editor. 

THE ENGLEWOOD PRESS— Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Joseph H. Tillotson, editor and 
proprietor. 

RECORD. — Tenafly. Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. 
Tenafly Publishing Company. J. Z. Demarest, editor. 

THE NEWS — Ridgewood. Weekly, on Friday. F. A. Bax- 
ter, publislier. 

THE PARK RIDGE LOCAL— Park Ridge. Published 
weekly, on Wednesday. James B. H. Storms and John C. 
Storms, editors and proprietors. 

RUTHERFORD REPUBLICAN, AND RUTHERFORD 
AMERICAN — Rutherford. Weekly, on Saturday. Ruther- 
ford Publishing Company. Republican. Frank P. New- 
man, editor. 

THE ENTERPRISE— East Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. The Petrie Press, publisher. 
Alexander G. Cattermole, editor. 

THE BERGEN ADVERTISER— East Rutherford. Friday 
and Sunday. Independent Republican. W. G. Brown, 
editor. 

THE SENTINEL — Fort Lee. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. J. N. Race, publisher. 

THE NEWS-LETTER— Hasbrouck Heights. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Alonzo Chamberlain, editor and publisher. 

RIDGEFIELD PARK BULLETIN— Weekly, on Thursday 
Independent. Charles Enders, editor. 

RIDGEWOOD HERALD— Weekly, on Thursday. Republl 
can. Brainard G. Smith, editor and proprietor. 

THE RAMSEY JOURNAL— Ramsey. Weekly, on Friday, 
Republican. John Y. Dater, Jr., editor and proprietor. 

TIJB SATURDAY REVIEW— Bergenfleld. Weekly. Inde 
pendent. The Bergenfield Press. Wm. R. and Milton O 
Jones, Jr., proprietors. William R. Jones, editor. 

THE BOGOTA REVIEW— Bogota. Weekly, on Thursday 
Frank E. Henderson, Jr., editor and proprietor. 

SOUTH BERGEN EAGLE— Lyndhurst, Kingsland (Ruther 
ford P. O.). Weekly, on Friday. Independent. Morris 
McDermutt, editor. 



232 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY MIRROR— Mount Holly. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. Charles H. Folwell, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE MOUNT HOLLY HERALD— Mount Holly. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. Sleeper & LaTour, publishers. 

NEWS — Mount Holly. Weekly, on l\iesday. Republican. 
H. L. Walters and Joseph C. Kingdon, proprietors. J. 
C. Kingdon, editor. 

BURLINGTON GAZETTE— Burlington. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Dr. R. B. Glasgow, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE NEW JERSEY ENTERPRISE— Burlington. Daily, In 
tlie afternoon. Republican. Enterprise Company, pub- 
lisher. 

BORDENTOWN REGISTER — Bordentown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. James D. Magee, editor. 

BEVERLY BANNER— Beverly. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent. L. W. Perkins, editor and proprietor. 

MOORESTOWN CHRONICLE AND REPUBLICAN — 
Moorestown. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent. W. J. 
Lovell, editor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY PRESS— Riverside. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Hiram D. Torrie, Jr., editor and 
proprietor. 

THE NEW ERA — Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Riverton. Walter L. Bowen, publisher. J. D. Janney, 
M.D.. editor. 

THE WEEKLY NEWS— Palmyra. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Frank E. Chambers, editor. 

THE CENTRAL RECORD— Marlton and Medford. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Independent. Charles E. Holmes, editor 
and proprietor. 

THE PALMYRA RECORD— Palmyra. Weekly. Seel 
Brothers, publishers and proprietors. 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 

WEST JERSEY PRESS— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sinnickson Chew & Sons' Company, pub- 
lishers and proprietors. Harry C. Dole, editor. 

CAMDEN POST-TELEGRAM— Camden. Daily. In the af- 
ternoon. Republican. Post-Telegram Company, pro- 
prietors. Upton S. Jefferys, editor. F. F. Patterson, Jr., 
manager. 

THE COURIER — Camden. Daily, in the afternoon. Re- 
publican. Courier Publishing Association, proprietors. 

CAMDEN COUNTY JOURNAL (German)— Camden. Weekly. 
on Saturday. Republican. Camden Journal Publishing 
Co., publishers. Otto Erdlen, editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 233 

THE VOICE OF LABOR — Camden. Weekly. Socialist. 
James E. W. Cook, editor. 

THE TRIBUNE— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. The Tribune Publishing Co., publishers. W. G. 
Taylor, manager. 

THE CAMDEN TIMES— Camden. Weekly, on Thursday, 
Democratic. John J. Tischner, publisher. 

CAMDEN ARGUS AND EAST SIDE PRESS— Camden. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Thursday. William H. Jefferys, 
St., editor and publisher. 

MERCHANTVILLE TIMES— Merchantvllle. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Herbert Freeman, editor and publisher. 

HADDON GAZETTE— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Friday. 
Allen Clymer, editor and publisher. 

MAGNOLIA PRESS— Magnolia. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Republican. C. J. Klein, publisher. 

THE SOUTH JERSEY NEWS— Camden. Daily, in the 
morninii'. Arthur R. Stanton, editor. 

COLLINGSWOOD HERALD— Collingswood. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Herald Publishing Company, 
puTjlishers. Herbert E. Freeman, editor. 

WEEKLY RETROSPECT— CoUingswood. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Collingswood Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE ADVERTISER— Berlin. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. Advertiser Publishing Company, publishers. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

CAPE MAY STAR AND WAVE— Cape May City. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Saturday. Star and Wave Pub- 
lishing Company. Albert Reeve Hand, manager. 

CAPE MAY HERALD— Cape May City. Republican. 
Weekly, on Friday afternoon. William G. Essen, owner. 
Charles L. Brownmiller, editor. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY GAZETTE— Cape May Court House. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. Alfred Cooper, editor 
and publisher. 

SENTINEL — Ocean City. Weekly, on Thursday. Republi- 
can. R. Curtis Robinson, editor and proprietor. 

FIVE-MILE BEACH JOURNAL— Wildwood. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday. Jed Dubois, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

OCEAN CITY LEDGER— Weekly, on Saturday. Prohibition. 
New Jersey Methodist Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Rev. James E. Lake, editor. 

FIVE-MILE BEACH SUN— Wildwood. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. Wm. H. Bright, owner and editor. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY TIMES— Sea Isle City. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independ>eint Republican. S. Twitchel, pub- 
lisher. 

SEA ISLE CITY REVIEW— Sea Isle City. Independent. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Edward C. Stevens, editor. Re- 
view Publishing Company, publishers. 



234 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

BRIDGETON EVENING NEWS— Bridgeton. Republican. 
Evening News Company, publishers. J. W. Richardson, 
editor and manager. 

BRIDGETON PIONEER— Bridgeton. Daily and weekly. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. George W. McCowan, 
editor and publisher. 

DOLLAR WEEKLY NEWS— Bridgeton. Independent. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Evening News Company, pub- 
lishers. 

WEEKLY INDEPENDENT — Vineland. Weekly, on L'riday. 
Populist. J. J. Streeter, editor and publisher. 

THE EVENING .JOURNAL— Vineland. Afternoon. Demo- 
cratic. George C. Ladd, editor. 

MILLVILLE REPUBLICAN— Millville. Evening. Repub- 
lican. Millville Republican and Publishing Company, 
publishers. W. E. Middleton, editor. 

THE ADVERTISER— Port Norris. Weekly. Harry C. Bar- 
raclougb, editor and publisher. 

MAURICE RIVER PILOT AND HERALD— Mauricetown. 
Weekly, on Friday. Independent. Lewis S. Howell and 
Leland S. Howell, owners. Lewis S. Howell, editor. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

NEWARK EVENING NEWS— Newark. Afternoon. Inde- 
pendent. Evening News Publishing Company. Wallace 
M. Scudder, publisher ; Edward W, Scudder, editor. 

THE NEWARK STAR-EAGLE— Newark. Afternoon. In- 
dependent. Newark Star Publishing Co. Nathaniel C. 
Wright, president and editor; H. S. Thalheimer, general 
manager. 

NEWARK SUNDAY LEDGER— Newark. Independent. L. 
T. Russell, owner and editor. Frank Higgins, managing 
editor. 

NEW JERSEY FREIE ZEITUNG (German)— Newark. 
Daily, also Sunday edition. Republican. Mrs. B. Prieth, 
proprietress. William Katzeler, editor. Benedict Prieth, 
business manager. 

THE SUNDAY CALL— Newark. Weekly, on Sunday. In- 
dependent. The Newark Call Printing and Publishing 
Company, publishers. G. Wisner Thorne, president, and 
treasurer. William S. Hunt, secretary. G. Wisner 
Thorne, Louis Hannoch and Frank J. Urquhart, di- 
rectors. G. Wisner Thorne, editor. 

DER ERZAHLER (German)— Newark. Sunday edition of 
New Jersey Freie Zeitung. Weekly, on Sunday. Republi- 
can. Published at the New Jersey Freie Zeitung office. 

UNION (Colored) — Orange. Saturday. Republican. George 
R. Pratt, editor. 

NEWARK PIONEER (German) — Newark. Weekly. Inde- 
pendent. P. E. Adler & Co., publishers. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 235 

TOWN TALK — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent 
DemocTatic. T. E. Burke and Herman E. L. Beyer, edi- 
tors and publishers. 

JUSTICE — Newark. Official publication New Jersey Fed- 
eration of Liquor Interests. First and third Tuesdays, 
each month. J. H. Buckridge, editor. 

NEW JERSEY TRADE REVIEW — Newark. Semi-monthly. 
Commercial. Paul V. Flynn, editor and publisher. 

RAILROAD EMPLOYEE— Newark. Monthly. Benjamin E. 
Chapin, editor and publisher. 

THE MONITOR — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday, Catholic. 
The Monitor Conipany, Rev. Wm. P. Cantwell, editor-in- 
chief. A. B. Ford, publisher. James Golden, manager. 

THE AMERICAN ISSUE— Newark. Bi-Weekly. Anti- 
Saloon. Samuel Wilson, editor. 

FRUSTA LA (Italian) — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. 

LA MONTAGNA (THE MOUNTAIN) (Italian)— Newark. 
Republican. Weekly, on Saturday. F. A. Fiore, editor. 

THE REVIEW— LA RI VISTA (Italian and English)— New- 
ark. Weekly. Richard F. Mattia, proprietor. 

KRONIKA (Polish) — Newark. Weekly, on Thursday. Po- 
litical, industrial and commercial. Kronika Publishing 
Company, proprietors. Managing editor, Boleslaw J. 
Strzeleckl. 

L'ORA — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. Pas- 
quale Matulla, editor and proprietor. 

THE ORANGE ADVERTISER— Orange. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Orange Advertiser Publishing Com- 
pany. Robert Wright, president. F. C. Shann, editor. 

ORANGE VOLKSBOTE (German) — Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Independent Republican. John F. Kern, edi- 
tor and proprietor, 

THE ORANGE ADVOCATE — Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. Frank W. Baldwin, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

FEDERATIONIST AND LABOR STANDARD GAZETTE. 
Monthly. Independent. William A. Buckridge, editor. 

LA VERITA — Orange. Weekly. Independent. John Pon- 
zini, owner, Loui De Fabretti, editor. 

EAST ORANGE RECORD— East Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. L. C. Gilles, editor and publisher. 

THE INDEPENDENT PRESS— Bloomfield. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Press Publishing Co,, publishers. 
Charles R. Blunt, editor. 

MONTCLAIR TIMES— Montclair. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Established 1877 by A. C. Studer, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONTCLAIR HERALD— Montclair. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Montclair Herald Company, publishers. 

THE EASTERN OBSERVER (Colored)— Montclair. 
Weekly, on Saturday. J. E. Sadler, publisher. 



236 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE MONTCLAIRIAN — Montclair. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Western Essex Publishing Co. W. H. Van Wart, president. 

THE CLINTON WEEKLY— Irvington. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Tlie Clinton Publishing Co. Walter S. 
Gray, managing editor. 

THE KOSEVILLE CITIZEN— Newark. Weekly. The Cit- 
izens Publishing Co. R. W. Bennett, owner and manager. 
Devoted to the interests of Roseville. 

THE HOME NEWS — Maplewood. Weekly. Independent. 
Suburban Publishing Company. J. F. Kempson, editor. 

THE SHORT HILLS ITEM— Short Hills. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Frank Wright, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE CALDWELL PROGRESS— Caldwell. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. The Progress Publishing Company. 
William H, Van Wart, editor and publisher. 

SUN — Nutley. Weekly, on Saturday. E. B. Foy, publisher. 
Johnson Foy, editor. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

THE CONSTITUTION — Woodbury. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Republican. The Constitution Company, publishers. 
Louis W\ Albright, editor. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Woodbury. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. J. D. Carpenter, editor and 
publisher. 

WEEKLY ITEM— Newfield. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. J. Hampton Leonard, editor and publisher. 

ENTERPRISE— Glassboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. Schwebel Bros., editors and publishers. 

THE NEWS — Swedesboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
Wilbur Knight Sloan, editor and publisher. 

WOODBURY DAILY TIMES— Woodbury. Daily, except 
Sunday. Independent-Republican. J. Frank Wilson, edi- 
tor and publisher. 

THE SUN — Paulsboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
Charles M. Gwilliam, editor and publisher. 

THE REPORT— Paulsboro. Weekly. Chas. W. Hawn, 
editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 

THE JERSEY JOURNAL— Jersey City. Afternoon. Re- 
publican. Evening Journal Association, publishers. 
Joseph A. Dear, editor. 

JERSEY CITY HERALD— Jersey City. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. The Herald Company, proprietors. Robert 
Lelbra, editor and publisher. 

HUDSON COUNTY INDEPENDENT— Jersey City. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. William H. Mclntyre, editor 
and owner. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 237 

THE LABOR WORLD — Jersey City and New York. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. Leon C. Sutton, editor and 
publistier. 

THE OBSERVER — Hoboken. Afternoon. Democratic. Ho- 
boken Printing and Publishing Company, publishers. John 
P. McCormick, editor. 

THE INQUIRER — Hoboken. Weekly, on Saturday. Demo- 
cratic. Thomas F. Martin, proprietor. Haddon Ivins, 
editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DEMOCRAT (German) — Hoboken. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. William Faas, pub- 
lisher and editor. 

BAYONNE HERALD — Bayonne. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. Estate of H. C. Page, publishers. Hugh H. 
Mara, editor. 

EVENING TIMES AND BAYONNE DAILY TIMES— Daily, 
except Sunday. Independent. Evening Times Printing 
and Publishing Company, proprietors. George H. Burch, 
editor. 

THE DAILY REVIEW — Bayonne. Afternoon. Argus Free 
Press Publishing Co. W. H. Barbour, editor. 

BAYONNE DEMOCRAT — Bayonne. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Michael R. Freel, editor and proprietor. 

HUDSON COUNTY DISPATCH— Union Hill. Daily. In- 
dependent Democratic. Dispatch Printing Company, pub- 
lishers. Thomas F. Martin, editor. 

KEARNY RECORD — Harrison. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Democratic. Philip A. McAviney, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE OBSERVER— Arlington. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. W. W. Beadell, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

WEST HUDSON PRESS— Kearny. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. John J. Fagan, publisher. James J. Mc- 
Ateer, editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY REVUE (German)— Town of Union. 
Democratic. Weekly, on Saturday. Robert Penning, 
owner. Paul E. Nehring, editor. 

NORTH HUDSON NEWS— West Hoboken, Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Dixie Anzer, editor and proprietor. 



HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Flemington. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Democratic. Anthony Killgore, editor and 
proprietor. 

DEMOCRAT-ADVERTISER— Flemington. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. A. T. Voorhees, editor and proprietor. 

HUNTERDON REPUBLICAN— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Wednesdaj'. Republican. W. A. Abbott, editor and pro- 
prietor. 



238 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE BEACON — Lambertville. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Phineas K. Hazen & Son, proprietors. J. N. 
Ilazen, editor. 

THE LAMBERTVILLE RECORD— Lambertville. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Theodore G. Kitchen, editor. 
Wickecheoke Corporation, owners. 

THE CLINTON DEMOCRAT— Clinton. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. Leon A. Carpenter, editor and 
publisher. 

HUNTERDON INDEPENDENT — Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. J. B. Stout, editor and publisher. 

THE FRENCHTOWN STAR — Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Wednesday, Independent. William H. Sipes, editor and 
publisher. 

MILFORD LEADETl — Milford. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. W. H. Farrand, proprietor and editor. 

WEEKLY AVALANCHE— Glen Gardner. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. E. W. Rush, editor and publisher. 

THE HUNTERDON GAZETTE— High Bridge. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. High Bridge Printing Company, 
proprietor. Harry C. Van Derrcer, editor. 

WEEKLY RETV^IEW— White House Station. Independent. 
P. R. Shampanore, publisher and editor. 

MERCER COUNTY. 

STATE GAZETTE — Trenton. Daily. Independent Repub- 
lican. The State Gazette Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Thomas B. Holmes, editor. Charles H. Baker, business 
manager. 

THE TRENTON EVENING TIMES— Trenton. Afternoon. 
Independent. Trenton Times Company, publishers. James 
Kerney, editor. Owen Moon, Jr., business manager. 

THE NEW JERSEY STAATS JOURNAL (German)— Tren- 
ton. Weekly. Republican. William Zenzer, editor and 
proprietor. 

SUNDAY TIMES-ADVERTISER— Trenton. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Independent. Trenton Times, proprietors. Thomas 
F. Waldron, editor, Owen Moon, Jr., business manager. 

TRADES UNION ADVOCATE— Trenton. Weekly, Friday. 
Labor. Reuben Forker, editor and publisher. 

THE FUGGETLENSEY (Hungarian News)— Trenton. Hun- 
garian. Weekly. Independent A. O. Zambory, proprietor. 

L'lTALO AMERICANO (Italian) — Trenton, Weekly, 
Michael Commini, editor. 

MERCER COUNTY SOCIALIST — Trenton. Weekly. Bar- 
nett Spector, manager. 

HIGHTSTOWN GAZETTE— Hightstown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. George P, Dennis, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

PRINCETON PRESS — Princeton. Weekly, on Saturday, 
Independent. Edwin M. Norris, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 239 

T-HE DAILY PRINCETONIAN — Princeton. Published 
daily, except Sundays, during the college year. Devoted 
to the Interests of Princeton University. Edited by stu- 
dents. 

THE HOPEWELL HERALD— Hopewell. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Independent. E. V. Savidge, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE PENNINGTON POST — Pennington. Democratic. 
Weelily, on Wednesdays. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

THE HOME NEWS — New Brunswick. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. Home News Publishing Com- 
pany, proprietors. Hugh Boyd, president ; Arthur H. 
Boyd, secretary and treasurer. William B. Boyd, vice 
president. 

THE WEEKLY HOME NEWS— New Brunswick. Published 
every Thursday afternoon. Independent. Arthur H. 
Boyd, editor. 

NEW BRUNSWICK TIMES— New Brunswick. Daily ex- 
cept Monday. Independent Democratic. Home News 
Publishing Company. Hugh Boyd, president. Arthur H. 
and Elmer B. Boyd, editors. 

THE EVENING NEWS — Perth Amboy. Daily. Independ- 
ent. Perth Amboy Evening News Company. J. Logan 
Clevenger, editor. 

PLAIN DEALER — Perth Amboy. Weekly. Democratic. 
Plain Dealer Publishing Company. George S. Walker, 
editor. 

THE LEADER— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Woodbridge Pi-intery, publishers. Mark J. 
Boyle, editor. 

THE RECORDER— Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. Charles A. Prickltt, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE ADVANCE — Jamesburg. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Printed and published by the New Jersey State School 
for Boys. F. L. Foster, editor. 

THE CITIZEN— South Amboy. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. South Amboy Printing Company, publishers. 

THE PRESS— Cranbury. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
George W. Burroughs, editor. Press Printing Company, 
proprietors. 

THE DUNELLEN WEEKLY CALL— Dunellen. Weekly, on 
Thursday. George W. Dav, proprietor. 

THE ROOSEVELT NEWS— Roosevelt. Republican. Weekly, 
on Friday. Published by The News Publishing Com- 
pany. Thomas Yorke, manager. 



240 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

THE MONMOUTH INQUIRER— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Maxcy Appleg'ate, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONMOUTH DEMOCRAT— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Joseph A. Yard, editor and man- 
ager. 

THE TRANSCRIPT— Freehold. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Moreau Bros. (Alex. L. Moreau), publishers and 
proprietors. 

NEW JERSEY STANDARD — Red Bank. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. William A. Sweeney, editor. Standard 
Publishing Company, proprietors. 

RED BANK REGISTER — Red Bank. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Independent. John H. Cook, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT ENTERPRISE — Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. A. F. Walling, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT WEEKLY — Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. Pro- 
gressive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE LONG BRANCH RECORD — Long Branch. Daily and 
weekly, on Friday. Independent Democratic. F. M. Tay- 
lor Publishing Company. Charles L. Edwards, manager ; 
Benj. Boisseau Bobbitt, editor. 

THE LONG BRANCH PRESS— Long Branch. Weekly. In- 
dependent. Long Branch Press Company. W. J. Smythe, 
Jr., editor. 

THE MATAWAN JOURNAL — Matawan. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Progi-essive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, 
editor and proprietor. 

THE SHORE PRESS — Asbury Park. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Democratic. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietor. 

THE EVENING PRESS— Asbury Park. Daily. Democratic. 
J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietor. 

THE MORNING PRESS — Asbury Park. Daily during June, 
July, August and September. J, L. Kinmonth, editor and 
proprietor. 

OCEAN GROVE TIMES— Ocean Grove. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. J. E. Quinn, editor. 

THE ADVERTISER — Eatontown. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. William T, Cole, editor, publisher and pro- 
prietor. 

THE COAST STAR — Manasquan. Weekly, on Friday. Re- 
publican. Tracy M. Hoskins, editor and proprietor. 

MANASQUAN NEWS — Manasquan. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Theo. F. Hults, editor and proprietor. 

THE COAST ADVERTISER— Belmar. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. Fayette S. Berggren and H. C. Higgins, 
editors and publishers. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 241 

THE JOURNAL — Atlantic Highlands. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. The Journal Company, proprietors. 
Harry B. Hart, editor. 

SPRING LAKE GAZETTE— Spring Lake Beach. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. John L. Coffin, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

MONMOUTH PRESS— Atlantic Highlands. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. Co-operative Press Company, pub- 
lishers. William J. Leonard, editor. 

SEA BRIGHT SENTINEL — Sea Bright. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Co-opetative Press Company, pub- 
lishers. William J. Leonard, editor. 

ALLENTOWN MESSENGER— Weekly, on Thursday. J. W. 
Naylor, editor and publisher. 

THE SEACOAST NEWS— Bradley Beach. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. C. W. Smith, editor and publisher. 

THE BEACON — Keansburg. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor and proprietor. 

THE KEANSBURG NEWS— Keansburg. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. P. Licari, owner. F. R. Nichols, editor. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

THE JERSEYMAN — Morristown. Weekly, on Friday. Re- 
publican. Cornelia H. and A. Vance Pierson, proprietors. 
A. Vance Pierson, editor. 

TRUE DEMOCRATIC BANNER— Morristown. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Louis A. Vogt, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE DAILY TIMES AND MORRIS COUNTY CHRONICLE 
— Morristown. Daily. Republican. A. Vance and Frank 
A. Pierson, editors and managers. Daily Times Co., pub- 
lishers 

MORRIS COUNTY PRESS— Morristown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. David King, editor. Press Publishing 
Co., puoUshers. 

THE DAILY RECORD— Morristown. Independent. E. H. 
Tomlinson, proprietor. 

DOVER INDEX — Dover. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. 
Frank F. Hummell. editor and proprietor. 

THE DOVER ADVANCE — Dover. Semi-weekly. Mondays 
and Thursdays. Republican. Harry R. Gill, editor and 
publisher. 

THE BULLETIN— Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. Samuel L. Garrison, editor and publisher. 

THE TIMES — Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Independ- 
ent. Charles L. Grubb. editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE— Madison. Weekly, on Friday. Independent 
Republican. John E. Clarey. Jr.. editor and publisher. 

THE RECORD — Rockaway. Weekly, on Friday. Independ- 
ent. Sidney Collins, editor and publisher. 

THE STANHOPE EAGLE — Netcong. Independent. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. George T. Keech, editor and proprietor. 

16 



242 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

CHATHAM PRESS— Chatham. Weekly, on Saturday. 

dependent. J. Thomas Scott, editor and proprietor. 
THE BUTLER ARGUS— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. 

M. MacLeod and T. White, editors and publishers. 



OCEAN COUNTY. 

LAKEWOOD CITIZEN — Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday, In- 
dependent Republican. Harry T. Hagaman, editor and 
publisher. 

NEW JERSEY COURIER— Toms River. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. W. H. Fischer, editor and proprietor. 

NEW JERSEY TRIBUNE— Toms River. Weekly. Demo- 
cratic. David Vefder, owner. Genrae Hallock, editor. 

TIMES AND JOURNAL— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Times and Journal Publishing Company. 
Fred K. Vroom, editor and manager. 

THE TUCKERTON BEACON— Tuckerton. Weekly. E. Moss 
Mathis, editor and publisher. 

PRESS — New Egypt. Weekly, on Friday. Moore Bros., pub- 
lishers. W. Clement Moore, editor. 

OCEAN COUNTY REVIEW — Seaside Heights. Weekly. 
Shore Review Publishing Co. William H. Magill, editor 
and president. 

OCEAN COUNTY LEADER— Point Pleasant. Weekly, on 
Friday. The Leader Publishing Company. 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 

THE PATERSON PRESS-GUARDIAN— Paterson. Daily, 
afternoon, except Sunday. Independent. Guardian Print- 
ing and Publishing Co., publishers. John L. Matthews, 
editor. 

THE MORNING CALL— Paterson. Daily, except Sunday. 
Republican. Call Printing and Publishing Company, pro- 
prietors and publishers. Fred. J. Buckley, editor. Gar- 
ret H. Sturr, business manager. 

EVENING NEWS — Paterson. Daily, afternoon, except Sun- 
day. Independent. News Printing and Publishing Com- 
pany, proprietors. H. B. Haines, editor ; J. C. Levine, 
business manager. 

SUNDAY CHRONICLE— Paterson. Sunday. Independent. 
The Guardian Printing and Publishing Company, publishers 
and proprietors. William B. Bryant, business manager. 
John L. Matthews, editor. 

DE TELEGRAF (Holland) — Paterson. Weekly. Republi- 
can. Cornelius Poelstra, publisher and editor. 

HET OOSTEN (Holland) — Paterson. Weekly. Independent. 
Lent & Overpeck, publishers. 

IL MASSAGGERO (Italian)— Paterson. Weekly. V. D. 
Ainto, editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 243 

PASSAIC HERALD — Passaic. Daily, afternoon, except 
Sunday. Independent. Charles R. Long, publisher. Neal 
G. Adair, editor. 

PASSAIC DAILY NEWS — Passaic. Daily, afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. George M. Hartt, editor. 
News Publishing Company, proprietors and publishers. 
James T. Barker, business manager. 

THE BULLETIN — Pompton Lakes. Weekly. H. L. Wells 
& Son, publishers. 

WOCHENBLATT (German) — Passaic. Saturday. Mrs, M. 
E. Lindensthrut. editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE — Little Falls. Weekly. James Steel, editor 
and proprietor. 

SLOVAK REVIEW (Slavish)— Passaic. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. Julius M. Pletenik, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

POLISH WEEKLY NEWS — Passaic. Weekly. Independent. 
John Wegrzynski. editor and publisher. 

DIE TZEIT (Jewish) — Passaic. Weekly, on Friday. Soci- 
alist. Die Tzeit Publishing Company." Charles Dann, 
secretary. 

SZABAD SAJTO (Hungarian)— Passaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. H. Virag, publisher. 

PASSAIC REVUE (German)— Passaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. Carl Posewitz, publisher. 

THE CLIFTON PRESS— Clifton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Leon L. Hortsmann, proprietor and editor. 



SALEM COUNTY. 

SALEM STANDARD AND JERSEYMAN— Salem. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Standard and Jerseyman 
Company, publishers. William H. Chew, editor, 

SALEM SUNBEAM — Salem. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Sunbeam Publishing Company, publishers. Charles 
F. Pancoast, editor. 

THE MONITOR-REGISTER— Woodstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Benjamin Patterson, proprietor. 

PENNSGROVE RECORD — Pennsgrove. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. W. A. Summerill, proprietor. 

ELMER TIMES — Elmer. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. 
S. P, Foster, editor, Elmer Times Company, publishers. 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 

THE SOMERSET MESSENGER — Somerville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Democratic. J. B, Varley, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE UNIONIST-GAZETTE— Somerville. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. The Unionist-Gazette Association, pub- 
lishers. Charles H. Bateman, editor and manager. 



244 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE SOMERSET DEMOCRAT — Somerville. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Carlton P. Hoagland, editor and 
proprietor. 

BOUND BROOK CHRONICLE — Bound Brook. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. W. B. R. Mason, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

STATE CENTRE-RECORD— Bound Brook. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Daniel D. Clark, Jr., editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE NEWS — Bernardsville. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Recorder Publishing Company, proprietors. C. 
H. B. Trumbull, editor and publisher. 

THE SOMERSET HILLS HERAL D — Bernardsville. 
Weekly, on Friday. Independent. Joseph Weimer, 
editor. 



SUSSEX COUNTY. 

THE SUSSEX REGISTER— Newton. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Republican. Allen S. Page, editor and publisher. James 
Lynch, assistant editor. 

THE NEW JERSEY HERALD— Newton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Jacob L. Bunnell and Martin J. Cox, 
editors and proprietors. Hency C. Bonnell, assistant edi- 
tor. 

SUSSEX INDEPENDENT— Sussex. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. J. J. Stanton and C. G. Wilson, editors. 
Irvin D. Shorter, assistant editor. 

THE WANTAGE RECORDER— Sussex. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. C. E. Stickney, editor. 

THE MILK REPORTER — Sussex. Monthly. Agriculture. 
John J. Stanton, editor and proprietor. Irvin D. Shorter, 
assistant editor. 



UNION COUNTY. 

ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAI^— Elizabeth. Afternoon. 

Republican. Augustus S. Crane, publisher. Geo. W. 

Swift, editor. 
ELIZABETH EVENING TIMES — Elizabeth. Democratic. 

The Evening Times Company, publishers. Leonard F. 

Sawvel, manager. 
THE RAHWAY RECORD— Rahway. Semi-weekly. Inde- 
pendent. Rahway Publishing Company, publishers. H. 

B. RoUinson, president and editor. 
PLAINFIELD COURIER-NEWS AND PLAINFIELD 

DAILY PRESS— Plainfield. Afternoon. Republican. 

Courier-News Publishing Company. Charles Hamilton 

Frost, manager. 
THE SUMMIT RECORD — Summit. Democratic. Weekly. 

Alfred J. Lane, editor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 245 

THE SUMMIT HERALD— Summit. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. J. W. Clift, publisher and proprietor. Fred 
W. ClLft, editor. 

THE UNION COUNTY STANDARD— Westfield. Weekly, on 
Friday. The Standard Publishing Concern. Byron M. 
Prugh, managing editor. 

THE CRANFURD CHRONICLE — AYeekly, on Thursday. 
Hugh Hearon, owner. Frederick T. Frazer, editor. 

THE CRANFORD CITIZEN — Cranford. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. James R. Warner, editor and man- 
ager. 

THE WESTFIELD LEADER — Westfield. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. Westfield Leader Publishing 
and Printing Company, proprietors. Walter J. Lee, edi- 
tor. 

THE PASSAIC VALLEY NEWS— New Providence. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Willis Fletcher Johnson, 
editor and publisher. 

THE SPECTATOR— Roselle—Roselle Park. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Kempson Bros., owners and pub- 
lishers. Grover C. Kempson, editor. 



WABREN COUNTY. 

BELVIDERE APOLLO — Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 

Republican. J. Madison Drake, Jr., editor and proprietor. 
THE WARREN JOURNAL — Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 

Democratic. Smith Bros., editors and publishers. 
HACKETTSTOWN GAZETTE— Hackettstown. Weekly, on 

Friday. Democratic. Charles Rittenhouse, editor and 

publisher. 
WARREN REPUBLICAN— Hackettstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Curtis Bros., proprietors. George P. 

Curtis, editor. 
THE WASHINGTON STAR— Washington. Weekly, on 

Thursday. Democratic. Charles L. Stryker, editor and 

proprietor. 
THE BLAIRSTOWN PRESS— Blairstown. Weekly, on 

Wednesday. Independent. DeWitt C. Carter, editor and 

publisher. 

SUMMARY. 

There is a total of 277 papers published in the state — 28 
evening, 13 morning, 10 Sunday, 5 semi-weekly, 1 semi- 
monthly, 2 monthly, 219 weekly. In politics 76 are Repub- 
lican, 50 Democratic and 151 Independent. 

There are 3 in the interest of labor, 2 Socialist, and one 
each — Railroad, Prohibition, Populist, Trade, Politico So- 
cial, College, Religious, Reform School. 



246 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

Twelve are published in the German language, 7 Italian, 
2 Hungarian, 1 Holland, 1 Slay., 1 Polish and 1 Hebrew. 

The summary by counties is as follows: Atlantic, l.'j 
Bergen, 19 ; Burlington, 13 ; Camden, 15 ; Cape May, 9 
Cumberland, 8 ; Essex, 35 ; Gloucester, 8 ; Hudson, 17 
Hunterdon, 12 ; Mercer, 13 ; Middlesex, 12 ; Monmouth, 
26 ; Morris, 14 ; Ocean, 8 ; Passaic, 18 ; Salem, 5 ; Som- 
erset 7 ; Sussex, 5 ; Union, 12 ; Warren, 6. Total, 277. 

NEW JERSEY PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

President, Charles H. Folwell, Mount Holly Mirror ; Vice- 
President, Augustus S. Crane, Daily Journal, Elizabeth ; 
Secretary, John W. Clift, Summit Herald ; Treasurer, W. 
B. R. Mason, Bound Brook Chronicle. 

Executive Committee— John Z. Demarest, Bergen Record, 
Tenafly ; J. W. Naylor, Allentown Messenger ; D. P. Olm- 
stead, Perth Amboy News ; A. Vance Pierson, Morristown 
Jerseyman ; J. Ward Richardson, Bridgeton News ; Augus- 
tus C. Studer, Montclair Times; W. L. Tushingham, Cam- 
den Courier. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 247 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 



(For the year ending October 31st, 1917.) 

CHAPTER 289. 

An act making appropriations for the support of the state 

government and for several public purposes for the 

fiscal year ending October thirty-first, one thousand 

nine hundred and seventeen. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of 

the State of New Jersey : 

1. The following sums, or so much thereof as may be 
necessary, be and they are appropriated out of the state 
fund for the respective public officers and for the several 
purposes herein specified, for the fiscal year ending on the 
thirty-first day of October, in the year one thousand nine 
hundred and seventeen, namely : 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

For the Governor, for salary, $10,000. 

For the secretary to the Governor, for salary, $4,000. 

For compensation for assistants in the executive depart- 
ment, $5,100. 

For blanks and stationeiy for the use of the executive 
department, $1,000. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the executive department, $2,000. 

OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER. 

For the Comptroller, for salary, ^ j,000. 

For the Deputy Comptroller, for salary, $3,600. 

For compensation for clerical services and expenses, 
$8,600. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Comptroller, $2,000. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Comptroller's office, $4,000. 

For salaries and expenses incident to the carrying out of 
the provisions of chapter 319, laws of 1913, $13,500. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
158, laws of 1914, $2,500. 



248 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

OFFICE OF THE TREASURER. 

For the Treasurer, for salary, $6,U00. 

For compensation for clerical services in the oflSce of the 
Treasurer, $14,800. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the oflSce of the 
Treasurer, $700. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of the Treasurer, $1,0U0. 

OFFICES OF THE STATE COMPTROLLER AND STATE 
TREAbJRER. 
For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
288 of the laws of 1907, $5,000. 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE. 

For the Secretary of State, for salary, $6,000. 

For the Assistant Secretary of State, for salary, $3,000. 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of the 
Secretary of State, $23,300. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of Secretary of State, $4,oOO. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of tne Sec- 
retary of State, $13,000. 

For preserving old records by the Emery process, $1,000. 

For additional metallic cases for equipment of vaults, 
$1,000. 

For compiling and indexing the primary and general 
election laws, $300. 

For the purchase of corporation laws at a rate not to 
exceed fifty cents per copy, $2,000. 

SECRETARY OF STATE, DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR 
VEHICLE REGULATION AND REGISTRATION. 

For salary for the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, 
$1,500. 

For salary for the chief inspector, $1,800. 

For compensation for inspectors, $37,800. 

For expenses and equipment of inspectors, $21,000. 

For compensation for clerical services, $10,750. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses, 
$6,000. 

For blanks and stationery, $8,000. 

For reimbursement of applicants for licenses who have 
made errors in the rating of their machines, $300. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 249 

For the purchase and packing of identification marks 
and dies for use in connection with the same, $28,600 ; 
payment of the above items in this account to be made trom 
the receipts of the department of motor vehicle regulation 
and registration, pursuant to chapter 235, laws of 1909. 

ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Attorney-General, for salary, $7,000. 

For the Assistant Attorney-General, for salary, $5,000. 

For the second Assistant Attorney-General, for salary, 
$4,800. 

For compensation and expenses of assistans employed by 
the Attorney-General, $17,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Attorney-General, $500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Attorney-General's department, $1,500. 

For compensation and expenses of counsel employed by 
the Attorney-General in foTeign states, to collect taxes due 
from bankrupt and other insolvent corporations, $500. 

DEPARTMENT OF BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

For the Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, for sal- 
ary, $6,000. 

For the Deputy Commissioner of Banking and Insur- 
ance, for salary, $3,500. 

For compensation for assistants in the Department of 
Banking and Insurance, $19,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the Department of 
Banking and Insurance, $5,000. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Department of Banking and Insurance, $5,000. 

For compensation of building and loan association exam- 
iners, $23,000. 

For actual and necessary traveling and incidental per- 
sonal expenses of building and loan association examiners, 
$4,000. 

For necessary appraisals of real estate and all other in- 
cidental expenses in connection with examinations of build- 
ing and loan associations, $300. 

The following amounts are appropriated, provided Assem- 
bly Bill No. 16 becomes a law : 

For salary of supervisor of municipal sinking funds, 
$3,600. 



250 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For actual and necessary traveling and incidental per- 
sonal expenses of the supervisor of municipal sinking funds, 
$1,000. 

For salary of assistant to supervisor of municipal sink- 
ing funds, $1,200. 

For additional allowance for blanks and stationery, $500. 

For additional allowance for postage, expressage and 
other incidental expenses, $200. 

STATE BOARD OF TAXES AND ASSESSME:NT. 

For salaries and expenses of the State Board of Taxes 
and Assessment, pursuant to chapter 244, laws of 1915, 
$63,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Health, 
$140,000. 

For the enforcement of subdivision D, section 4 of chap- 
ter 288, laws of 1915, $5,000. 

COUNTY BOARDS OF TAXATION. 

For salaries of members of the county boards of taxation, 
$100,800. 

PUBLIC ROADS. 

For State Road Fund, including cost of state highway 
survey, pursuant to chapter 396, laws of 1912, $500,000. 

For carrying into effect the provisions of chapter 223, 
laws of 1912, and any supplements thereto and amend- 
ments thereof, $75,000. 

For expenses of the department, including equipment, 
pay and expenses of surveying corps, $26,500. 

For Commissioner, for salary, $5,000. 

For State Highway Engineer, for salary, $4,000. 

For salaries of four division highway engineers, $8,000. 

To W. F. Irish, for a pressure distributor furnished dur- 
ing the year 1913, $860, when approved by the Commis- 
sioner of Public Roads in form satisfactory to the Comp- 
troller. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of a bill 
pending entitled 'An act to provide for the proper construc- 
tion, grading and drainage of the unimproved township 
roads of the state and to provide state aid therefor," 
$4,800 ; provided said bill becomes a law. 

The sum of $75,000 is hereby appropriated pursuant to 
chapter 223, laws of 1916. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 251 

STATE LIBRARY. 

For the Librarian, for salary, $3,000. 

For compensation for assistants in the state library, 
$3,300. 

For the repair, preservation and purchase of useful books, 
periodicals, new^apers and other publications for the 
state" library, .$3,000. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage and other 
incidental expenses for the state library, $800. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 29, laws of 1914, $1,000. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSION. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 62, laws of 1900 ; for clerical assistants, necessary 
traveling expenses and other expenses incurred by the com- 
mission, including the cost of conducting a summer school 
in libxary training or library institutes, and for carrying 
into effect the provisions of chapter 175, laws of 1898, and 
its supplements, providing for the establishing and main- 
tenance of a system of traveling libraries ; and for the 
purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of chapter 
115, laws of 1906, $16,000. 

For the formation and administration of libraries in the 
free public schools of the state, as provided by the general 
school law, supplemented by chapter 186, laws of 1914, 
$7,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Labor, 
$110,000. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

For the State House Commission, for the care and safe- 
keeping of the State Capitol, the property therein and ad- 
jacent public grounds, insurance upon State Capitol and con- 
tents, and for expenses to be incurred in carrying out the 
provisions of chapter 339 of the laws of 1894, $80,000. 

For th« State House Commission, for the purpose of ex- 
cavating, filling, grading, placing top soils ; for laying out 
and constructing walks, paths and roads ; for planting grass, 
trees, shrubs and so forth ; for laying out and constructing 
drains, gutters, and for any other improvement necessary or 
proper upon the lands in the rear of the State House, lying 
between the Delaware river and the water-power raceway. 



252 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

according to the adopted plan for the improvement thereof, 
or any modification thereof properly adopted, and also for 
the acquisition by gift, purchase or condemnation, of such 
additional land as may be necessary or proper, lying between 
the Delaware river and the water-power raceway, and be- 
tween the westerly line of the State House grounds extended 
and the Assunpink creek, $10,000. 

For carpets for Assembly Chamber, painting, renovating 
and general repairs to buildings, $2,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 68, laws of 1916, $10,000. 

For the State House Commission for the purpose of ac- 
quiring, by purchase or condemnation, in the name of the 
State, lands in the city of Trenton, with buildings thereon 
erected, and for any necessary removals and alterations of 
the same, and improvement of said lands as included in 
chapter 242 of the laws of 1911, and any supplements 
thereto or amendments thereof, $50,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND 
DEVELOPMENT. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Con- 
servation and Development, pursuant to chapter 241, laws 
of 1915, exclusive of any part of the bills incurred by 
townships in controlling forest fires, $62,700. 

For the state's share of bills incurred by townships in 
controlling forest fires, $4,000. 

For the purchase of land and the erection of a suitable 
building for a chemical and testing laboratory, and the 
heating, lighting and equipment of such building, including 
machinery and apparatus, $23,500. 

SUPREME COURT. 

For the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Su- 
preme Court, for salaries, $109,000. 

For the judges of the Circuit Court, for salaries, $72,000. 

For compensation of sergeant-at-arms and criers, $1,300. 

For the payment of expenses incurred by the order of the 
Supreme Court pursuant to chapter 149 of the laws of 1900, 
$3,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use of the Chief Justice 
and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, and incidental 
expenses, $250. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 253 

OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

For the Clerk of the Supreme Court, for salary, $6,000. 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of 
the Clerk of the Supreme Court, $17,500. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Clerk of the Supreme Court, $2,360. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the office of the Clerk of the Supreme Court, $1,900. 

COURT OF CHANCERY. 

For the Chancellor, for salary, $13,000. 

For the Vice-Chancellors, for salaries, $96,000. 

For compensation of sergeant-at-arms and traveling ex- 
penses, $6,700. 

For compensation of stenographers, and for services pur- 
suant to section 103 of chapter 158, laws of 1902, $21,000. 

For compensation and allowance of Advisory Masters and 
their official stenographers, $13,000. 

For rent of rooms in Atlantic City, Jersey City, Newark 
and Trenton, for the use of the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellors 
and Advisory Masters, $7,616. 

For miscellaneous expenses in connection with such rooms, 
$150. 

For compensation of stenographer for the Chancellor, $600. 

For allowance for stationery for the Court of Chancery, 
$500. 

OFFICE OF CLERK IN CHANCERY. 

For the Clerk in Chancery, for salary, $6,000. 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of the 
Clerk m Chancery, $37,000. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
Clerk in Chancery, $3,000. 

For postage, expresasge and other incidental expenses for 
the office of the Clerk in Chancery, $3,500. 

COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

For compensation of judges of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals, $22,000. 

For compensation of officers of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals, $1,750. 

For furnishing printed or typewritten copies of draft 
opinions under the direction of the presiding judge, $1,000. 

For expressage and other incidental expenses for the 
court, $150. 



254 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

COURT OF PARDONS. 

For compensation for judges of Court of Pardons, $4,500. 
For compensation of subordinate officers and incidental 
expenses, $1,250. 

COURT EXPENSES. 

For compensation of judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas, pursuant to section 49, chapter 149 of the laws of 
1900, $500. 

LAW AND EQUITY REPORTS. 

For the publication of the Chancery reports, $6,500. 

For the publication of the law reports, $6,500. 

For salary of Chancery reporter, $500. 

For salary of Supreme Court reporter, $500. 

For binding Chancery and law reports, $950. 

STENOGRAPHIC REPORTERS. 

For amount to be refunded to various counties In this 
state for salaries of stenographic reporters appointed by 
the justices of the Supreme Court, pursuant to chapter 81 
of the laws of 1901, $15,765.04. 

NATIONAL GUARD. 

For expenses for brigade, regimental, artillery, battalion 
and squadron headquarters, $3,400. 

For allowances for three batteries of artillery, $2,000 
each, $6,000. 

For allowances for four troops of cavalry, at $2,000 each, 
including rent of armory, $8,000. 

For allowances for sixty companies of infantry, at $500 
each, $30,000. 

For allowance for one signal corps, $2,000. 

For transportation for battalion drills. Inspections, pa- 
rades, and for pay and expenses of inspecting officers, 
$5,000. 

For compensation of officers and employes, and expenses 
incurred in connection with rifle practice, $9,000. 

For pay of officers and enlisted men, and expenses in 
connection with the annual encampment, $70,000. 

For compensation of the superintendent and employes, 
and for forage, fuel and maintenance of the state camp 
grounds, $9,000. 

For fuel, light and maintenance of the state arsenal, 
$1,500. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 255 

For expenses of military boards and courts-martial, 
$1,200. 

For transportation of disabled soldiers of the late re- 
bellion and the Spanish-American war, |30. 

For maintaining, beating and lighting regimental armories 
at Jersey City, Camden, Newaak, Paterson and Trenton, at 
$4,400 each, $22,000. 

For maintaining, beating and lighting battery troop and 
battalion armories at Newark, East Orange, Camden, Eliza- 
beth, Red Bank and Orange, $22,000. 

For maintaining, heating and lighting company armories 
at Somerville, Hackensack, Bridgeton, Asbury Park, New 
Brunswick and Englewood, $1,500 each, $9,000. 

For insuring regimental armories, buildings at the state 
camp grounds at Sea Girt, the state arsenal and all public 
military stores, $4,950. 

For horse allowance to officers required to be mounted 
for duty at annual encampment, $2,500. 

For ordnance stores, uniforms, clothing, camp and gar- 
rison equipage, freight and expressage and miscellaneous 
supplies, $10,000. 

For allowances for uniforms and equipments for officers 
of regiments, troops, batteries, companies, signal corps, and 
the naval reserve, as provided in section 127 of "An act 
concerning the militia of the state," approved May 16th, 
1906, $6,500. 

For horse allowance to mounted organizations providing 
horses for state service, at $50 per horse per annum, 
$4,900. 

For support and maintenance of headquarters, organiza- 
tions and detachments of medical corps, $2,000. 

For traveling expenses of United States army officers de- 
tailed to the state by the War Department as Instructor- 
Inspectors of the National Guard, $1,000. 

For pay of clerk attached to Instructor-Inspector's office, 
$600. 

For salary of caretaker of military equipment of signal 
corps company, $1,200. 

For extraordinary repairs, alterations, additions and fur- 
nishings for the preservation, equipment and completion 
of regimental, battery, troop, battalion and company ar- 
mories, $10,000. 

For salary of caretaker of military equipment of troop 
D, first squadron cavalry, $1,500. 

For salary of caretaker at armory of companies K and 
M, fouTth infantry, at Hoboken, $780. 



256 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For equipping and furnishing company armory at New 
Brunswick, $l,OoO. 

For painting, repairing and general improvement of build- 
ings at state camp grounds, Sea Girt, $5,000. 

For settlement of street paving assessment levied against 
state arsenal property, city of Trenton, $982.75. 

For construction of armory for fourth regiment, infantry, 
at Jersey City, pursuant to chapter 177, laws of 1914, 
$50,000. 

For construction of armory for company L, third in- 
fantry, at Atlantic City, pursuant to chapter 32, lawk of 
1915, $25,000. 

For construction of armory for company K, second in- 
fantry, at Plainfield, pmsuant to chapter 345, laws of 1915, 
$25,000. 

For construction of armory for company E, third in- 
fantry, at Mount Holly, pursuant to chapter 266, laws of 
1913, $25,000. 

NAVAL RESERVE. 

First battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500. 

For battalion headquarters, $300. 

For pay of shipkeeper, maintenance and expenses, $6,500. 

For pay and expenses of officers and men on annual cruise 
and practice cruises, $4,800. 

Second battalion, in lieu of company allowances, $1,500. 

For battalion headquarters, $300. 

For pay of shipkeeper, maintenance and expenses, $6,500. 

For pay and expenses of officers and men on annual cruise 
and practice cruises, $4,800. 

SEA GIRT COTTAGE. 

For maintenance of cottage at Sea Girt and entertain- 
ment therein, $3,500. 

ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Adjutant-General, for salary, $2,500. 

For compensation for clerical service in the Adjutant- 
General's office, $7,750. 

For blanks and stationery for use in the Adjutant-Gen- 
eral's office, $1,500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the Adjutant-General's office, $1,000. 

For annual dues to Interstate National Guard Association 
for the year 1917, $50. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 257 

For printing, binding and distributing the annual report 
of the proceedings of the department of New Jersey, Grand 
Army of the Republic, $500. 

For clerical services and expenses incident to the com- 
pilation of the roster of officers and enlisted men of New 
Jersey in the Revolutionary and other wars, at Trenton, 
New Jersey, and elsewhere, §2,000. 

QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the Quartermaster-General, for salary, $2,500. 

For compensation for assistants in the department of the 
Quartermaster-General, namely : 

For chief clerk, for salary, S2.500. 

For clerks, for salaries, §5,520. 

For military storekeeper, for salary, §1,200. 

For carpenter, machinist and to persons having in charge 
accoutrements, et cetera, cleaning arms, et cetera, teamster 
and laborer, for salaries. §3.600. 

For blanks and stationery for use in Quartermaster- 
General's department, §500. 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the Quartermaster-General's department, §550. 

TRANSFER INHERITANCE TAX. 

For surrogates' fees, appraisers' compensation and ex- 
penses, legal and other disbursements, and for the purpose 
of carrying out the provisions of the inheritance tax laws, 
§60,000. 

The Comptroller of the Treasury is hereby authorized, 
and it shall be his duty, to withdraw from the state fund 
such amounts as shall be required to carry out the pro- 
visions of chapter 238. laws of 1909, and to refund and pay 
such claims as may be necessary and the State Treasurer 
shall pay same upon the warrants of the said Comptroller 
and there is hereby appropriated the amount necessary 
therefor. 

COLLATERAL INHERITANCE TAX, REFUND. 

For the repayment of collateral inheritance taxes paid, 
as assessed under the collateral inheritance tax act and 
to the refund of which the estates having made payment 
may be entitled under the decision of the Court of Errors 
and Appeals of this state, rendered July 8th, 1910, In re 
Dixon vs. Russell (Collard Estate), also those estates which 
17 



258 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

having made payment may be entitled to refund under 
tlie decision of the Supreme Court, In re Moss vs. Edwards, 
rendered July 17th, 1912 (John L. Foote Estate), provided 
the application for such repayment shall be made within 
two (2) years from the date of payment of such tax. Pay- 
ment of such claims shall be made only when proven In 
form, manner and substance to the satisfaction of the State 
Comptroller and approved by the Attorney-General of this 
state, $5,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

For salary of commissioner, $4,000. 

For salary of assistant (architect), $3,600. 

For salaries of draughtsmen, $7,000. 

For allowance for clerical service, $6,300. 

For traveling expenses of commissioner and assistants, 
$1,800. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, et cetera, $1,500. 

For blue prints and drawing materials, $1,200. 

For research work, $1,600. 

For salaries and expenses of two regular inspectors, and 
extra as needed, $4,500. 

For services of engineers, surveyors and other technical 
services as needed, $3,000. 

For deportation of aliens and nonresidents, $1,500. 

For salary and expenses of agent for inspecting institu- 
tions applying for certification of endorsement, pursuant 
to chapter 97, laws of 1914, and chapter 118, laws of 1914, 
$1,500. 

NEW JERSEY CONFERENCE OF CHARITIES AND 
CORRECTIONS. 

For printing and distributing the proceedings of the 
annual conference of the New Jersey Conference of Chari- 
ties and Corrections, for the year 1916, $600. 

STATE BOARD OF TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION. 

For rent of offices, $2,500. 

For printing and stationery, $750. 

For clerical service and stenographer, $5,400. 

For salary of architect and plan examiner, $1,800. 

For salary of chief inspector, $1,400. 

For thirty inspectors, $1,200 each, $36,000. 

For assistant plan examiner, $1,350. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 259 

For salaries of six clerks, $9,000. 

For secretary and executive officer, $3,600. 

For incidentals, postage and expressage, $2,000. 

For inspectors' expenses, $4,000. 

For traveling expenses of executive officer and plan ex- 
aminers, $350. 

For expenses of members of the Board of Tenement House 
Supervision, $400. 

For office furnishings and supplies, $200. 

CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION. 

For salaries and expenses of the Civil Service Commis- 
sion, $50,000. 

BOARD OF PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSIONERS. 

For salaries and expenses of the Board of Public Utility 
Commissioners, $145,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC REPORTS. 

For salary of Commissioner of Public Reports, $2,000. 
For salary of clerk, $600. 

For blanks and stationery for use of the department, $50. 
For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses for 
the department, $50. 

INVESTIGATION OF HUDSON COUNTY TUBERCULOSIS 
HOSPITAL. 

To Clarence Sackett, for services rendered and expenses 
incurred to June 4th, 1913, in connection with, the investi- 
gation of the Hudson County Tuberculosis Hospital, $354. 

BOARD OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Com- 
merce and Navigation, pursuant to chapter 242, laws of 
1915, $46,200. 

For continuation of work of construction of Bay-Head- 
Manasquan river canal, $50,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

For salaries and expenses of the Department of Weights 
and Measures, pursuant to chapter 201, laws of 1911, 
$12,000. 



260 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. 

For necessary expenses of the State Board of Education, 
$2,600. 

COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION. 

For salary of commissioner, $10,000. 

For salaries of four assistants, $18,000. 

For clerical services, $21,670. 

For salary of inspector of buildings, $2,500. 

For salary of inspector of accounts, $2,500. 

For blanks, stationery and printing, $16,000. 

For incidental expenses, $12,000. 

For 2,500 copies of the Manual of the Legislature of 
New Jersey, $2,500 ; provided, manuals are furnished for 
school use only, all public schools to be included in the 
distribution. 

For educational bulletin, $1,500. 

The moneys in this item appropriated shall be deducted 
in the same manner as the moneys heretofore appropriated 
to the superintendent of public instruction are required to 
be deducted pursuant to chapter 65 of the laws of 1909. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT TRENTON. 

For the support of the State Normal School at Trenton, 
$95,000. 

For necessary repairs to the grounds, buildings and fur- 
niture, and for keeping the same insured, $12,000. 

For extra compensation to the teachers in the various 
school districts in this state for training the pupils in 
the State Normal School at Trenton in the art of teach- 
ing, and for necessary expenses for supervising the same, 
$10,000 ; payments under this account to be made pur- 
suant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT MONTCLAIR. 

For support of the State Normal School at Montclair, 
$64,000. 

For necessary improvements and repairs to the grounds, 
buildings and furniture, and for keeping the same insured, 
$6,000. 

For maintenance of boarding hall, $2,000. 

For extra compensation to the teachers in the various 
school districts of the state for training the pupils of the 
State Normal School at Montclair in the art of teaching 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 261 

and foT traveling expenses of the Normal School teachers 
in supervising said training, $12,500 ; payments under this 
account to be made pursuant to chapter 65, lavi^s of 1909. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT NEWARK. 

For support of the State Normal School at Newark, 
$110,000. 

For necessary improvements and repairs to the grounds, 
buildings and furniture, and for keeping the same insured, 
$2,500. 

For extra compensation to the teachers in the various 
school districts in this state for training the pupils in the 
State Normal School at Newark in the art of teaching, and 
for necessary expenses for supervising the same, $13,750 ; 
the moneys in this item appropriated to be deducted in the 
same manner as the moneys appropriated to normal schools 
are required to be deducted pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 
1909. 

NEW JERSEY SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

For the erection of a south wing (fireproof) to contain 
locker-room, sitting-room and dormitories for girls, $40,000. 

For the New Jersey School for the Deaf, for the teach- 
ing, maintenance and clothing of pupils taught therein, for 
purchase and repair of furniture, school apparatus and 
other appliances, for making needed improvements and re- 
pairs in the buildings and grounds, for insurance thereof, 
and for maintaining the system of manual and industrial 
education in said school, $65,000 ; payments to be made 
pursuant to chapter 65. laws of 1909. 

MANUAL TRAINING AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR 
COLORED YOUTH. 

For maintenance of the Manual Training and Industrial 
School for Colored Youth, $37,000. 

For a trade building to be known as the "Samuel W. 
Gordon Trade Building," $12,000 

For equipment of trade building, $6,000. 

For dormitory and equipment, $25,000. 

For teachers' home, $10,000. 

For materials for permanent improvements, work to be 
done by the students as a part of their industrial training, 
$1,000 ; payments under this account to be made pursuant 
to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 



262 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS. 

For county superintendents of schools, for salaries, 
^63,000 ; payment to be made pursuant to chapter 65, laws 
of 1909. 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS. 

For expenses incurred by the State Board of Examiners, 
$10,000. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION 

For payments to schools established for industrial edu- 
cation, pursuant to chapter 78, laws of 1909, $30,000. 

For payments to schools for manual training, pursuant to 
article ■^^, section 230, school law of 1903, $210,000. Of 
the amount hereby appropriated so much thereof as may 
be necessary shall be available lor payment of allowances 
due school districts previous to the current fiscal year. 

VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 76, laws of 1916, $40,000. 

EVENING SCHOOLS FOR FOREIGN-BORN RESIDENTS. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of an act 
entitled 'An act providing for the establishment of evening 
schools for foreign-born residents in the State of New Jer- 
sey," approved April 11th, 1907, $5,000 ; payment to be 
made pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

TEACHERS' RETIREMENT FUND. 

To the board of trustees, for payment of expenses in- 
curred in connection with the administration of the teach- 
ers' retirement fund, pursuant to chapter 139, laws of 
1907, $9,000. 

To the State Treasurer, for expenses incurred in con- 
nection with the fund, pursuant to said chapter, as follows : 

For clerical services, $2,600. 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage, et cetera, 
$600. 

TEACHERS' INSTITUTES. 

For expenses of teachers' institutes, $2,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 263 

TEACHERS' LIBRARIES. 
For the establishment and maintenance of libraries for 
use of teachers, $400. 

SUMMER COURSE IN AGRICULTURE, ETC. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
310, laws of 1913, $10,000; payment to be made as pro- 
vided by chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

BOARD OF SHELL FISHERIES. 
For salaries and expenses of the Board of Shell Fisheries, 
$30,000. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 
For traveling expenses of managers, $800. 
For expenses in transferring insane convicts, $100. 
For medical examination of insane convicts, $500. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORRIS PLAINS. 

For maintenance of county patients, at the rate of $2 
per week ; for support and clothing of insane convicts, at 
the Tate of $5 per week for each insane convict ; and sup- 
port and clothing of indigent patients, at the rate of $4 per 
week, $397,800. 

For salaries of officers, $25,900. 

For appraisement of personal property, $200. 

For insurance premiums, $6,000. 

For research work, $2,500. 

For amusement fund, $1,000. 

For clothing of state indigent patients, $8,000. 

For shower baths, $10,000. 

For laundry equipment, $7,000. 

For furnishing addition to fire house, $1,000. 

For electric lighting of ducts, machine shop, et cetera, 
$500. 

For composite flooring, cement and sand, dormitory build- 
ing, $3,000. 

For filing cases, $1,000. 

For auto truck, $2,000. 

For additional equipment for industrial department for 
patients, $2,500. 

For complete X-ray equipment, including induction coil, 
protective apparatus and all essential appliances, $3,500. 

For David Honeyman, for services, $220. 

For materials for walks and porches, $500. 

For railroad equipment, $3,000. 



264 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT TRENTON. 

For maintenance of county patients, at tlie rate of $2 per 
week, for support and clothing of insane convicts, at the 
rate of $5 per week for each insane convict ; and support 
and clothing of indigent patients, at the rate of $4 per 
week, $254,800. 

For salaries of officers, $23,000. 

For appraisement of personal property, $200. 

For research work, $2,500. 

For fire insurance premiums, $3,000. 

For materials consisting of lead, oils, et cetera, for 
painting purposes, $1,000. 

For fire protection, consisting of fire-escapes, automatic 
water sprinklers, fireproof stairways and fire walls, et cetera, 
$25,000. 

For laboratory supplies and apparatus, $1,500. 

For lumber for new floors, fences and general repairs, 
$2,500. 

For new furniture, $1,500. 

For labor and materials repairing greenhouses, $500. 

For repointing buildings, $1,000. 

For stone, labor and materials for repairing roads or 
laying new walks, $500. 

For repairing two summer houses and walks, $500. 

For trees and shrubbery, $500. 

For pipe, steam traps, et cetera, for repairing steam and 
water lines, $500. 

For new roof for house at Hunt farm, $500. 

For amusement fund, $1,000. 

For cleaning out woods, laying out walks, et cetera, $500. 

For additional laundry machinery, $2,000. 

For new piggery, consisting of pens, fences, et cetera, 
$7,000. 

To complete the erection of a house of detention for 
convict or criminal insane, pursuant to chapter 261, laws 
of 1911, $110,000. 

COUNTY LUNATIC ASYLUMS. 

For the support of county patients in the Essex county 
lunatic asylum, $175,000. 

In the Hudson county lunatic asylum, $80,000. 
In the Camden county lunatic asylum, $25,000. 
In the Burlington county lunatic asylum, $15,000. 
In the Passaic county lunatic asylum, $4,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 265 

In the Gloucester county lunatic asylum, $800. 

In the Cumberland county lunatic asylum, $13,000. 

In the Salem county lunatic asylum, $800. 

In the Atlantic county lunatic asylum, $11,500. 

STATE PRISON. 

For maintenance of the State Prison and maintenance of 
the convicts, $160,000. 

For maintenance of principal keeper and resident phy- 
sician, pursuant to chapters 163 and 244 of the laws of 
1906, $1,800. 

For furniture, appliances and repairs for residences of 
principal keeper and resident physician, $200. 

For furniture, appliances and repairs of State Prison, 
prison farm and road camps, $12,500. 

For the principal keeper, for salary, $3,500. 

For the physicians, deputy keepers and employes at prison 
and prison farm, for salaries, $119,200. 

For the six inspectors, for salaries, $3,000. 

For traveling expenses of the Board of Inspectors, $1,000. 

For the keeper, for payments to discharged convicts, 
$3,500. 

For teachers and moral instructors to the convicts in the 
State Prison, for salary, $2,400. 

For traveling and other necessary expenses incurred by 
the parole agent, pursuant to chapter 232, laws of 1905, 
$500. 

For maintenance of the electrocution plant, pursuant to 
the provisions of chapter 79, laws of 1906, and acts amenda- 
tory thereto, $2,000. 

For the maintenance of a school in the State Prison, 
pursuant to chapter 65, laws of 1907, $1,600. 

For bureau of identification, $300. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
372, laws of 1911, and amendments thereof and supplements 
thereto, or in the advent of any law creating a revolving 
fund or capital account for purposes of the state use system 
for manufacturing at the State Prison, $10,000. 

For fertilizer, seeds, grain and forage at the prison farm, 
$5,400. 

For stock and implements at prison farm, $1,000. 

For medical attendance at State Prison, farm and camps, 
$600. 

For annual appraisement, $200. 



266 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For insurance premiums, $3,000. 

For painting materials, $500. » 

Transportation of prisoners and guards to and from camps, 
$1,500. 

For maintenance of library, $100. 

For X-ray machine in liospital, $500. 

For hardware, paints and oils at the prison farm, $300. 

For water-supply for toilet, bathing facilities and fire 
protection at the prison farm, $5,000. 

For dining-room and bakeoven at the prison farm, $2,500. 

For assessment levied upon the prison property by the 
city of Trenton, February 27th, 1914, for the paving of 
Second street, between Federal and Cass streets, $2,781. 

For payment of claim of Eckerson Company, for butterine 
furnished prison farm between November 13th, 1914, and 
April 21st, 1915, $120. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

For traveling and other official expenses of commissioners, 
$500. 

For the superintendent, for salary, $4,000. 

For the subordinate officers and employes, for salaries, 
$66,000. 

For maintenance, $60,000. 

For furniture, appliances and repairs (including industrial 
departments), $18,000. 

For the superintendent, for payments to discharged in- 
mates and recapturing escapes, $5,000. 

For traveling expenses of parole officers, $1,800. 

For fuel and water, $15,000. 

For farm live stock, implements, et cetera, $1,000. 

To the superintendent, an additional allowance for salary 
in lieu of the State providing a house of residence as con- 
templated by statute, $660. 

For traveling expenses for superintendent when on official 
business, $200. 

For working capital for state use system of prison labor, 
$15,000. 

For payments to inmates for wages for carrying out the 
provisions of chapter 269, laws of 1914, $2,000. 

For purchase of machinery, $3,500. 

STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey State Home for Boys, 
for maintenance, $120,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 267 

For the trustees of said home, for expenses incurred by 
them in the discharge of their duties, $300. 

For repairs to grounds and buildings, including plumbing, 
$5,000. 

For library books and periodicals, $200. 

For kitchen and bakery equipment, $2,000. 

For new press and other equipment for printing office, 
$1,000. 

For ventilating dormitory and chapel, $1,915. 

For two ne\^' boilers, $10,000. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey State Home for Girls, 
for maintenance, not exceeding $250 per capita, exclusive 
of salaries, $60,000. 

For salaries of employes, $20,000. 

For the trustees of said home, for expenses incurred in 
the discharge of their duties, $500. 

For salaries and expenses of three parole officers, $3,060. 

For a hospital fund, $500. 

For repairs to buildings and grounds, $4,000. 

For fire insurance premiums, $561.58. 

VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

For maintenance, including expenses of managers, salaries 
of officers and employes, and repairs, $160,600. 
For furniture and equipment, $11,000. 

SANATORIUM FOR TUBERCULOUS DISEASES. 

For maintenance, $132,000. 

For a building to be used as garage and paint shop, 
$3,000. 

For an additional boiler at the power-house, $3,600. 

For the purchase and planting of trees and shrubbery, 
$700. 

BLIND AND FEEBLE-MINDED. 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of the 
blind persons, inhabitants of this state, $24,000. 

For clothing, maintenance, support and instruction of the 
feeble-minded persons, inhabitants of this state, $100,000. 

For housing, care and maintenance of feeble-minded 
children, including feeble-minded blind and other special 
cases, $2,000, at a per capita not to exceed $400 per annum. 



268 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For the care of feeble-minded cases in colonies maintained 
for that purpose at a rate not to exceed $230 per annum, 
$10,000. 

For tuition for the higher education of the blind as pro- 
vided for in chapter 336, laws of 1912, $1,000. 

STATE INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE-MINDED. 

For maintenance, support and instruction of feeble-minded 
women, not exceeding $230 per capita, $165,000. 
For research work, $2,500. 
Fire insurance premiums, $3,000. 
General repairs and improvements, $5,500. 
For standardized locking system for entire plant, $2,500. 
For laundry building and equipment, $20,000. 
For remodeling laundry for school building, $7,500. 

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN. 

For salaries of officers and employes, $7,500. 

For maintenance, not exceeding $250 per capita, $22,000. 

For the board of managers, for expenses incurred by them 
in the discharge of their duties, $600. 

For roads, gutters and grading, $1,500. 

For electric current, including rental of lines, $1,500. 

For repairs, including fire insurance, $3,000. 

For maintenance of farm, farm labor, and upkeep of 
buildings, $8,000. 

For medical treatment and care, dentist, oculist, hospital 
treatment, recapture of runaways, and other unforeseen con- 
tingencies, $2,000. 

For fruit trees, berry bushes and fruit vines, $500. 

For disciplinary cottage, $4,000. 

For root cellar, $1,000. 

For equipment of disciplinary cottage, $750. 

For cottage for help, $3,000. 

STATE BOARD OF CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 

To the State Board of Children's Guardians, for expenses, 
$23,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 281, laws of 1913, $20,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 269 

COMMISSION FOR AMELIORATING THE CONDITION 
OF THE Bi^IND. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
136, laws of 1909, $11,500. 

For preventive work, $750. 

For extension of home industries and further employ- 
ment of the blind, $1,000. 

For revolving industrial fund, $1,500. 

For publicity, demonstrations and sales, $250. 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF FEEBLE-MINDED, EPILEP- 
TICS, CRIMINALS AND OTHER DEFECTIVES. 

For expenses incurred in carrying into effect the pro- 
visions of chapter 190, laws of 1911, $100. 

NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 

SAILORS, MARINES AND THEIR WIVES AND 

FOR THEIR WIDOWS, AT VINELAND. 

For salary of commandant, $1,500. 

For salary of adjutant, $1,000. 

For salaries of assistants, $21,000. 

For maintenance, $85,000. 

For fire insurance premiums, $1,200. 

For traveling expenses of the board of managers, $300. 

HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS AT KEARNY. 

For the support of the New Jersey Home for Disabled 
Soldiers at Kearny, and for the chaplain thereof, $71,000. 

For painting buildings of the home, $3,000. 

For erecting a storehouse and waxerooms for quarter- 
master, commissary and other stores, $4,500. 

SOLDIERS' STATE PAY. 

For claims of volunteers in the Civil War, for state pay, 
pursuant to chapter 13 of the laws of 1861, $50. 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 

For the State Board of Agriculture, $12,000 ; provided, 
that if a bill now pending entitled "An act to establish a 
Department of Agriculture and to prescribe its powers and 
duties," shall become a law, this appropriation shall be 
deemed to have been made for the effectuation of the pro- 
visions of said act. 



270 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For the State Board of Agriculture, for the purpose of 
carrying out the provisions of an act to prevent the intro- 
duction into and spread of injurious insects in New Jer- 
sey, to provide a method for compelling their destruction, 
to create the office of State Entomologist, to authorize the 
inspection of nurseries and to provide certificates of in- 
spection, and the amendments thereof and supplements 
thereto, $7,000 ; provided, that if a bill now pending en- 
titled "An act to establish a Department of Agriculture, 
and to prescribe its powers and duties," shall become a 
law, this appropriation shall be deemed to have been made 
for the effectuation of the provisions of said act. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 54, laws of 1911, and the amendments thereof and 
supplements thereto, $6,000 ; provided, that if a bill now 
pending entitled "An act to establish a Department of Agri- 
culture and to prescribe its powers and duties," shall be- 
come a law, this appropriation shall be deemed to have 
been made for the effectuation of the provisions of said act. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 60, laws of 1911, and the amendments thereof and sup- 
plements thereto, $2,000 ; provided, that if a bill now 
pending entitled "An act to establish a Department of 
Agriculture and to prescribe its powers and duties," shall 
become a law, then this appropriation shall be deemed to 
have been made lor the effectuation of the provisions of 
said act. 

For the State Board of Agriculture as constituted in 
accordance with the provisions of a bill now pending en- 
titled "An act to establish a Department of Agriculture 
and to prescribe its powers and duties," $10,000 ; provided, 
said bill becomes a law. 

TUBERCULOSIS COMMISSION. 

For expenses and payments by the State Tuberculosis 
Commission, $50,000 ; provided, that if a bill now pend- 
ing entitled "An act to establish a Department of Agri- 
culture and to prescribe its powers and duties," shall be- 
come a law, then this appropriation shall be deemed to have 
been made for the effectuation of the provisions of said act. 

STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers College, to pay the State 
Agricultural College for the benefit of agriculture and the 
mechanic arts, pursuant to chapter 90 of the laws of 1905, 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 271 

and amendments thereto, $35,000, payment to be made pur- 
suant to chapter 65, laws of 1909. 

For salaries, supplies and all other expenses for the 
maintenance of short courses in practical and scientific 
agriculture, pursuant to chapter 55 of the laws of 1905, 
and chapter 43 of the laws of 1907, $20,000. 

For reference books and periodicals, $2,500. 

For maintenance and development of college farm gi'ounds, 
$2,500. 

For maintenance, long courses in agriculture, $9,000. 

For summer session, $12,000. 

For maintenance and repair of farm buildings, $1,000. 

For clay working and ceramics, $7,500. 

For maintenance of agricultural building, $1,500. 

For maintenance of courses in engineering, $4,000. 

For maintenance of courses in chemistry, $2,000. 

For maintenance of courses in sanitary science and sani- 
tary engineering, $3,000. 

For maintenance of course in military science, $2,500. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers College, for interest on $116,- 
000, certificates of indebtedness of the State of New Jer- 
sey, due January 1st and July 1st, 1917, pursuant to the 
provisions of chapter 135 of the laws of 1896, $5,800. 

For the Board of Visitors to the Agricultural College of 
New Jersey, for personal expenses incurred pursuant to 
chapter 365 of the laws of 1873, $50. 

For advertising pursuant to chapter 9 of the laws of 
1879, $90. 

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. 

For salaries and expenses of the Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, $25,000. 

For printing bulletins, including circulars, of the Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station, $7,000. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of "An 
act to provide for locating and abolishing mosquito-breeding 
salt-marsh areas within the state, for assistance in dealing 
with certain inland breeding places, and appropriating 
money to carry its provisions into effect," approved April 
20th, 1906, $10,000. 

For scientific investigation of oyster propagation, pur- 
suant to chapter 187, laws of 1907, $900. 

For the maintenance and operation of the department of 
poultry' husoandry, pursuant to chapter 52, laws of 1911, 
$7,000. 



272 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 228 of the Ia\>s of 1916, $2,500. 

For the purpose of maintaining and carrying on experi- 
mental worlj in floriculture, pursuant to chapter 130, laws 
of 1911, $3,000. 

For expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of 
chapter 89, laws of 1912, $1,000. 

For building fences and equipment in the department of 
poultry husbandly, $5,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 364, laws of 1913, and for other agricultural ex- 
tension work, including the printing of circulars, $25,000. 

For cranberiy investigation, $1,500. 

For maintenance of the branch experiment station in 
South Jersey, $3,500. 

For the purchase of specimen types of meat animals in- 
cluding cattle, sheep, swine and goats, $2,000. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 16, laws of 1916, $3,000. 

All fees and receipts of the Experiment Station received 
under the provisions of chapters 218 and 179, laws of 1912, 
ai*e hereby appropriated for the uses and purposes expressed 
by said chapters. 

LIVE STOCK COMMISSION. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chap- 
ter 56 and chapter 212, laws of 1908, and the amendments 
thereof and supplements thereto, $9,000 ; provided, a bill 
now pending entitled "An act to establish, a Department of 
Agriculture and to prescribe its powers and duties." shall 
become a law, then this appropriation shall be deemed to 
have been made for the effectuation of the provisions of 
said act. 

COMMISSION FOR REVISION OF LAWS CONCERNING 
THE INSANE. 

For Raymond L. Mahony, secretary to the State Com- 
mission for the Revision of Laws Concerning the Insane, 
services as secretary and for assistants to commission, dis- 
bursements for stenographic and clerical assistance, travel- 
ing- expenses and supplies, $500. 

PRESERVATION OF RECORDS. 
For the purpose of publishing and completing the early 
records of this state; known as "New Jersey Archives," 
$3,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 273 

STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

To the treasurer of the New Jersey State Horticultural 
Society, pursuant to chapter 141, laws of 1911, $2,250. 

STATE SCHOOL TAX. 

For the purpose of reducing the state school tax to be 
assessed for the year 1917, $100,000. 

EMERGENCY. 

For the Governor, to enable him to meet any emergency 
requiring the expenditure of money not otherwise appro- 
priated, and to cover any incidental expense of commission- 
ers appointed by him under statute or in his discretion, 
the sum of $10,000. 

REFUNDING TAXES ON MISCELLANEOUS COR- 
PORATIONS. 

For taxes improperly levied upon or paid by corporations, 
to be refunded, pursuant to law, $1,000. 

REFUND OF RAILROAD TAX. 

The Comptroller of the Treasury is hereby authorized 
and empo\\ered to adjust and repay any overpayment of 
tax assessed and penalty thereon for any year, pursuant to 
chapter 288, laws of 1888, and the acts amendatory thereof 
and supplementary thereto, made by any railroad and canal 
company, and the State Treasurer is directed to pay war- 
rants therefor issued by the Comptroller, said payments 
shall be deducted from the amount originally paid into and 
remaining undistributed in the treasury of the State, and 
the amount of money necessary for such purpose as ascer- 
tained is hereby appropriated. 

LEGISLATURE. 

For the compensation of Senators and members of the 
General Assembly, $40,833.32. 

For compensation of officers and employes of the Legis- 
lature, $49,450. 

For manuals of the Legislature of New Jersey, $2,000. 

For indexing the journal of the Senate and minutes of 
the executive sessions and the minutes of the House of 
Assembly, and other incidental and contingent expenses of 
the Legislature, $10,500, 
18 



274 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For toilet and other necessary supplies for use at the 
legislative session to be furnished by the State House Com- 
mission, $800. 

ADVERTISING. 

For advertising proclamations issued by the Governor, 
notices of the Attorney-General in relation to delinquent 
miscellaneous corporations, and notices of the Comptroller in 
regard to pulilic printing, et cetera, $G00. 

PRINTING. 

For printing and binding public documents, .$70,000. 

For compensation of an expert printer for services In 
preparation of specification for bids, supervision of work, 
examination of bills, and such other duties as may by law 
be imposed upon him, $900. 

For preparing index of session laws, $100. 

For printing and circulation of the laws, $6,000. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the commission having in charge the Monmouth 
battle monument and grounds, pursuant to chapter 118 of 
the laws of 1886, $500. 

TRENTON BATTLE MONUMENT. 

For the Trenton Battle Monument Association, for the 
purpose of keeping said property in good condition and re- 
pair, $500. 

PENSIONS. 

For amount required to pay pensions, pursuant to various 
acts relative thereto irrespective of any provision therein 
that pensions shall be made in the appropriation or tax 
levy for the department of the public service from which the 
pensioner shall be so retired, $15,000. 

For allowance to Walter B. English, a pensioner of this 
state, as commutation for two hands lost at Trenton, New 
Jersey, October 25th, 1899, $100. 

JUDICIAL RETIREMENT FUND. 

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of chapter 
313, laws of 1908, and chapter 185, laws of 1911, $10,333.33. 

ANNUITY FOR WIDOWS OF GOVERNORS 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 146 of the laws of 1912, $2,400. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 275 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY. 

For trustees of the Washington Association of New Jersey, 
pursuant to chapter 309, laws of 1874, $2,500. 

COMMISSIONERS OF THE PALISADES INTERSTATE 
PARK. 

For expenses incurred by the Commissioners of the Pali- 
sades Interstate Park, $17,500 ; said expenses to be approved 
by the Governor. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 124, laws of 1910, $75,000. 

MORRIS CANAL INVESTIGATION COMMITTEE. 

For expenses incurred by the committee appointed pur- 
suant to Joint Resolution No. 10, passed April 12th, 1912, 
$100. 

HEALTH OFFICERS OF THE PORT OF PERTH AMBOY. 

For the salary of the health officer of the port of Perth 
Amboy, pursuant to chapter 328, laws of 1906, $1,000. 

For salary of the deputy health officer of the port of 
Perth Amboy, pursuant to said chapter, $250. 

OBSTRUCTIONS TO NAVIGATION. 

For expenses incurred in removing any boat, barge or 
scow stranded or sunk in any of the navigable rivers of 
this state, $50. 

BODIES THROWN UPON SHORES OF THE STATE 
BY SHIPWRECK. 

For expenses incurred in viewing bodies cast upon shores 
by shipwreck, $50. 

BURIAL GROUNDS. 

For the care and maintenance of burial grounds purchased 
by the state, pursuant to chapter 171, laws of 1898, $75. 

STATE CHARITIES AID ASSOCIATION. 

For expenses of the association, pursuant to chapter 120, 
laws of 1892, $600. 



276 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

COMMISSION ON OLD-AGE INSURANCE AND PENSIONS. 

For expenses incurred by the commission appointed pur- 
suant to chapter 198, laws of 1911, $350. 

COMMISSION UPON REORGANIZATION AND CON- 
SOLIDATION OF INTER-RELATED DE- 
PARTMENTS OF STATE. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No. 6, approved April 1st, 1912, $2,500. 

COMMISSION ON MILITARY TRAINING IN 
HIGH SCHOOLS. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
a bill pending, entitled "An act to create and provide for a 
commission to investigate and report upon military training 
and instruction for national defense in high schools," $1,000 ; 
provided, said bill becomes a la\^-. 

PRISON LABOR COMMISSION. 

For salary of stenographer, $900. 

For printing, postage, expressage and other incidental 
expenses, $600. 

For expenses of commissioners, $1,000. 
For salary of investigator, $2,000. 
For expenses of investigator, $500. 

COUNTY TUBERCULOSIS HOSPITALS. 

For support of patients, at the rate of $3 per week, 
pursuant to chapter 217, laws of 1912, in the following 
county hospitals : 

Union county, $15,722.23. 

Essex county, $14,597. 

Hudson county, $12,875. 

Camden county, $4,473. 

Morris county, $1,620. 

Said amounts to include payment of bills prior to cur- 
rent fiscal year. 

COMMISSION ON ELIMINATION OF TOLL BRIDGES. 

For expenses of the commission appointed pursuant to 
chapter 297, laws of 1912, $500. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 297, laws of 1912, $100,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 277 

BUDGET ACT EXPENSES. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 15, laws of 1916, $10,000. 

WASHINGTON ROCK PARK COMMISSION. 

For insurance, improvement and maintenance of the Wash- 
ington Rock Park, $2,000. 

For wood, coal and tool building, $500. 

VALLEY FORGE REVOLUTIONARY ENCAMPMENT 
COMMISSION. 

For carrying Into effect the provisions of Joint Resolution 
No. 3, approved March 15th, 1916, $500. 

CIVIL SERVICE INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE. 

For the surpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No. 6, approved March 17th, 1916, $1,000. 

COMMISSION FOR THE SURVEY OF MUNICIPAL 
FINANCING. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No, 7, approved Marcli 18th, 1916, $2,500. 

OLD BARRACKS ASSOCIATION. 

For the Old Barracks Association of Trenton, New Jer- 
sey, for maintenance, repairs and administration of the old 
barracks at Trenton, as a historical landmark and reposi- 
tory, $1,200. 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF NURSES. 

For the State Board of Examiners of Nurses tbe sum of 
$1,081, being a refund of balance on hand May 31st, 1918, 
paid into the state treasury. 

COMMISSION TO INVESTIGATE TOLL ROADS AND 
BRIDGES. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No. 2, approved March 15th, 1916, $1,000. 



278 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

FIRST SUPPLEMENT TO COMPILE'D STATUTES. 

For 500 copies of the first supplement to the Compiled 
Statutes of New Jersey, pursuant to the provisions of 
chapter 56, laws of 1916, $7,500. 

COMMISSION TO CODIFY ROAD T-AWS. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Assembly Joint Resolution No. 8, provided said resolution 
becomes a law, $3,000. 

Vetoed. 

RED BANK BATTLE MONUMENT. 

To the board of chosen freeholders of the county of 
Gloucester, for the purpose of aiding in the care and su- 
pervision of the Red Bank Battle Monument in said county, 
and in the maintenance of the ground upon which the same 
is located with which they are charged by the provisions 
of chapter 79, laws of 1905, $500. 

COMMISSION TO REVISE, SIMPLIFY, ARRANGE AND 

CONSOLIDATE THE PRIMARY AND 

ELECTION LAWS. 

For the puiTpose of carrying into effect the provisions of 
Joint Resolution No. 4, filed March 16th, 1916, $500. 

COLONIES FOR FEEBLE-MINDED MALES. 

For the purpose of cari-ying into effect the provisions of 
chapter 61, laws of 1916, $15,000. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGE AND STATE BOARD OF 
CANVASSERS. 

For expenses of State Board of Canvassers in investi- 
gating and estimating the vote cast for Governor, Members 
of Congress, Electors, et cetera, $1,000. 

2. The following sums are hereby appropriated out of 
the income of the school fund for the purposes specified 
for the fiscal year ending on the 31st day of October, in 
the year 1917. 

FREE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

For the support of free public schools, $250,000. 



APPROPRIATION LAW. 279 

PREMIUMS AND ACCRUED INTE:REST. 

There shall be paid from the income of the school fund 
such sums required to pay premiums and accrued interest 
on bonds purchased by the trustees for the support of 
public schools. 

SCHOOL FUND EXPENSES. 

For necessary legal and other expenses incurred by or 
under the direction of the trustees for the support of public 
schools in the investment and protection of the school fund, 
and in the collection of the income thereof, $3,000. 

3. Before any building or buildings shall be commenced 
or work undertaken, for the cost of which money is ap- 
propriated by this act, the plans, specifications and con- 
tracts necessary for the entire completion thereof shall, 
and each of them shall be submitted to and approved by 
the Governor, and such contracts shall not be approved or 
entered into if the total expenditure under all the contracts 
necessary to the entire completion of such building, build- 
ings, or work according to such plans and specifications 
shall exceed the amount appropriated by this act for such 
building, buildings or work ; and in any and every case 
where it shall appear that the appropriation is insufficient 
to complete such building, buildings or work, the appropria- 
tion hereby made therefor shall not be applied toward the 
construction of such building or buildings, or prosecution 
of such work, but shall lapse and no payment shall be 
made therefrom ; provided, however, that the provisions 
of this section, prohibiting the expenditure of the whole or 
any part of an appropriation, which in itself is insufficient 
to complete any building, buildings or work, and providing 
for the lapsing of such appropriations, shall not apply to 
nor restrict the expenditure of any moneys herein appro- 
priated for the construction, completion of construction, 
equipment or furnishing of any armory or armories which 
have been heretofore authorized and which are partially 
constructed, completed or furnished, but such appropria- 
tion shall be available for the uses and purposes herein 
expressed to the full extent thereof. 

4. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except 
for objects as hereinabove specifically appropriated, and 
except such sums which are by law devoted to specific pur- 
poses, namely, state school tax, United States appropria- 
tion to Agricultural College, United States appropriation 



280 APPROPRIATION LAW. 

for disabled soldiers, United States appropriations for dis- 
abled soldiers, sailors, maiines and their wives, Agricul- 
tural College fund and taxes for the use of taxing districts 
in this state, moneys received pursuant to the laws relating 
to motor vehicles, moneys received by the state from the 
taxation of railroad and canal property, which may be by 
law apportioned to the various counties of the state for 
school purposes, academic certificate fund, vocational 
schools, pensions of teachers and school officers authorized 
by law, moneys received from tuition at the summer 
schools, and loans to "State School Fund," which last- 
named sums shall be paid pursuant to the laws applicable 
thereto ; this section shall not be construed to prohibit 
the payment due upon any contract made under an ap- 
propriation of the previous year, nor of any payments into 
the state treasury by state institutions and commissions 
pursuant to an act entitled "An act regulating the receipt 
and disbursement of state moneys in certain cases," ap- 
proved October 31st, 1907 (chapter 288, laws of 1907), 
which moneys by the provisions of chapter 41, laws of 
1908, are appropriated for the maintenance of said state 
institutions and commissions making such payments, and 
nothing in this act contained shall apply to moneys received 
directly into the state treasury or through the Board of 
Fish and Game Commissioners as license fees, under any 
of the fish and game laws of this state, which moneys 
may be paid out as other moneys of the state ; provided, 
however, that nothing in this section contained shall be 
construed to apply to payments in the state treasury by 
the State Reformatory and State Prison, as receipts for 
the labor of inmates of those institutions. 

5. This act shall take effect on the 1st day of Novem- 
ber, 1916. 

Approved April 4th, 1916, except item 122 appropriating 
$3,000 for codification of the road law. 



SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION LAW. 281 



SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION LAWS. 

Statement of the annual and supplemental appropriation 
laws for the fiscal years ending October 31st, of the years 
designated. 

The annual bill, in each Instance, is enacted by the legis- 
lature of the preceding year and becomes operative on No- 
vember 1st of that year. The supplemental bill is enacted 
by the legislature of the year designated, and the totals of 
the annual include the contractual balances available on 
the opening day of the fiscal years. 

1896. 

Annual $1,954,829 32 

Supplemental 287,885 53 

$2,242,714 85 

1897. 

Annual $2,273,371 32 

Supplemental 126,561 64 

$2,399,932 96 

1898. 

Annual $2,139,934 32 

Supplemental 234,928 99 

$2,374,863 31 

1899 

Annual $2,199,867 32 

Supplemental 554,521 49 

$2,754,388 81 

1900. 

Annual $2,434,096 23 

Supplemental 349,254 55 

$2,783,350 78 

1901. 

Annual $2,234,940 32 

Supplemental 1,219,319 20 

$3,454,259 52 

1902. 

Annual $3,255,269 32 

Supplemental 715,219 75 

$3,970,489 07 

1903. 

Annual $3,551,749 32 

Supplemental 1,001,056 25 

$4,552,805 57 

1904. 

Annual $3,853,800 98 

Supplemental 1.038,464 93 

$4,892,265 91 

1905. 

Annual $4,188,215 65 

Supplemental 1,075,526 21 

$5,263,741 86 



282 SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION LAW. 

1906. 

Annual $4,301,733 57 

Supplemental l,oy8,342 03 

$5,400,075 60 

1907. 

Annual $4,519,826 57 

Supplemental 622,942 65 

$5,142,769 22 

1908. 

Annual $4,618,407 17 

Supplemental 768,329 62 

$5,386,736 79 

1909. 

Annual $4,379,474 90 

Supplemental 331,774 24 

$4,711,249 14 

1910. 

Annual $4,245,017 32 

Supplemental 871,791 00 

$5,116,808 32 

1911. 

Annual $5,072,592 77 

Supplemental 1,337,517 18 

$6,410,109 95 

1912. 

Annual $5,476,508 35 

Supplemental 972,097 05 

$6,448,605 40 

1913. 

Annual $6,509,785 50 

Supplemental 1,199,514 34 

$7,709,299 84 

1914. 

Annual $6,825,191 36 

Supplemental 834,676 49 

$7,659,867 85 

1915. 

Annual $7,634,413 60 

Supplemental 412,704 36 

— $8,047,117 96 

1916. 

Annual $6,902,829 62 

Supplemental 691,611 55 

$7,594,441 17 

1917. 
Annual $7,953,255 25 



BIOGRAPHIES. 283 



BIOGRAPHIES 



GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY. 



WALTER EVANS EDGE. 

Governor Edge was born in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 20th, 1873. Shortly afterward his 
father moved to Pleasantville, New Jersey, a com- 
munity located five miles from Atlantic City. There 
the boy entered the public schools and graduated. 
This was all the schoolroom education that he was 
destined to receive, for stress of circumstances made 
it necessary for him to forego a college course and 
to earn a living. 

With scarcely more than a dollar of capital, but 
with an ambition which is characteristic, Walter Edge 
started to earn money in the humble, but strenuous 
post of "printer's devil" at the Atlantic Review, At- 
lantic City's oldest newspaper. Later, at the age of 
sixteen, he secured a position with the Borland Ad- 
vertising Agency of Atlantic City. At the time this 
was merely a local business, specializing in hotel ad- 
vertising. Young Edge took such a keen interest in it 
and displayed such aptitude that when the proprietor 
died, about two years later, he purchased the business. 

Given a free rein under his own management, Edge 
aimed high. Plans for developing the business be- 
yond Atlantic City, throughout the country and even 
into Europe did not prove visionary. He started a 
daily newspaper in Atlantic City and put into practice 
a co-operative "advertising idea in which his news- 
paper, his advertising agency and newspapers 
thoughout the country participated. In a remarkably 
short time Atlantic City and its famous hotels and 
attractions became advertised from one end of the 
earth to the other. All hotel men in Atlantic City 
cheerfully testify to the part which Edge played in 
giving the map its "greatest resort." The agency de- 



284 BIOGRAPHIES. 

veloped until its field became first national, handling 
advertising north, south, east and west in the United 
States, and then international, advertising outputs of 
Europe. Edge opened ofi^ces in New York, London, 
Paris, Berlin and elsewhere. His newspaper, ithe At- 
lantic City Daily Press, progressed from a mere hotel 
advertising medium to the leading news medium of 
Atlantic City. In the meantime Edge purchased the 
Atlantic City Evening Union and conducted it as the 
afternoon edition of his morning publication. Later, 
as the time which he devoted to private business be- 
came wholly occupied with his growing international 
advertising business and his activities in home bank- 
ing and other institutions, he leased both newspapers 
to a company, consisting of young men who had been 
faithful in his employ, and he is not now in any 
way connected with their management. 

In politics, as in business, Walter Edge began as 
an apprentice. In business life he started as an office 
boy, with errands to run and floors to sweep; in 
public life, as one of the minor employes of the New 
Jersey Senate. In 1897, '98, '99 he served as Journal 
Clerk of the Senate, and in 1901, '02, '03, '04 was Sec- 
retary of that body. He acquired a taste for military 
life from responding to the call of the country at the 
outbreak of the war with Spain in 1898 and from his 
activities in the Morris Guards an independent mili- 
tary company of Atlantic City which mustered into 
the service during the Spanish-American War as 
Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. 
Edge was commissioned second lieutenant of this com- 
pany. Some years later he served as captain of Com- 
pany L, Third Regiment, New Jersey National Guard. 
He was a member of the personal staff of Governors 
Murphy and Stokes and subsequently was Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Chief of Ordnance Department on the 
staff of Major-General C. Edward Murray, New Jersey 
National Guard. In Atlantic City there is a Walter 
E. Edge Garrison of the Army and Navy Union. Mr, 
Edge is also the head of the Boy Scout movement in 
Atlantic county. 

In 1904, Colonel Edge was a presidential elector and 
in 1908, an alternate delegate-at-large to the Republi- 
can National Convention in Chicago. In 1909, he was 
elected to the Assembly from Atlantic county by the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 285 

phenomenal plurality of 7,798 over Burgan, the Demo- 
cratic candidate. Thus "phenomenal pluralities" were 
not exactly new to Colonel Edge when he was elected 
Governor in 1916 by a margin of 69,647 votes — 18,003 
more than the largest plurality ever received by a 
gubernatorial candidate in New Jersey. 

Colonel Edge had the distinction of serving as Re- 
publican leader of the House of Assembly during the 
first year that he occupied a seat in that body. He 
was elected to the State Senate in 1910 by a plurality 
of 5,496 over Langham, Democrat. In 1912, he was 
the majority leader on the floor of the Senate. In 
1913, the Colonel was re-elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 3,990 over Shaner, Democrat. In 1915, he 
served as President of the Senate with much dignity, 
ability and impartiality. For five weeks in 1915 he 
was Acting-Governor of the State while Governor 
Fielder was attending the Panama-Pacific Exposition 
in California, and this brief special "term" was 
characterized by close application to the executive 
duties. 

It was during his service in the Senate, however, 
that the Colonel carved his record for progressive 
legislation and made possible his famous gubernatorial 
slogan of "A Business Man With a Business Plan." 
As inember of a research commission he studied con- 
ditions and statutes which resulted in the framing of 
the "Workmen's Compensation act, one of the first 
practical-working laws of the kind in this country. 
He fathered this bill in the legislature. Besides suc- 
cessively completing the task of protecting working 
women with a ten-hour law and securing legislation 
safeguarding factory workers against dangerously- 
constructed workshops and occupational diseases. 
Senator Edge found time to serve as head of the 
Economy and Efficiency Commission which initiated 
legislation eliminating political commissions and con- 
solidating various boards and departments of New 
Jersey in the interest of economy and increased ef- 
ficiency. These bills he personally sponsored and 
fought through to final passage in the legislature 
against bitter political opposition. Later on he in- 
troduced the State Budget System Bill, aimed to sys- 
tematize New Jersey's finances and make the Governor 
the responsible head of the fiscal system. Another 



286 BIOGRAPHIES. 

act which he initiated, creating the Central Pur- 
chasing Bureau, is designed to save money by pur- 
chasing supplies for the State and its institutions on 
a wholesale scale and following a fixed standard. It 
was Senator Edge, too, who thought of legislation 
abolishing the useless State Census, which had cost 
$100,000. 

With this comprehensive record for constructive 
legislation at his back, Colonel Edge entered the race 
for the office of Governor in 1916 on a platform of 
"business government." His program consisted of a 
pledge to apply ordinary business principles to the 
thirty-million-dollar business of the State of New 
Jersey. His outlined plan designated "the Governor 
as the business manager, the legislature the board of 
directors and the people the stockholders." The 
stockholders approved the record and liked the plan. 

Governor Edge "inherited" a taste for public life. 
Two great uncles were members of the Pennsylvania 
Legislature and another for years was Collector of 
the Port of Philadelphia. His great grandfather was 
a judge in the courts of Pennsylvania for forty years. 

On June 5th, 1907, Governor Edge married Lady 
Lee, only daughter of Mrs. Sarah Lee Phillips of 
Memphis, Tennessee. She died suddenly in July, 1915, 
leaving a robust baby boy, Walter Edge, Jr., who is 
now the bright particular star of the Edge household. 
The latter consists of Governor Edge, Mrs. Phillips 
and the little boy. The Governor's father, William 
Edge, a retired railroad man, and his foster mother 
reside in Atlantic City. 

Walter Evans Edge was nominated as a candidate 
for Governor at the primary election held on Sep- 
tember 26th, 1916, by a plurality of 3,611 over Austen 
Colgate. At the regular State election held on No- 
vember 7th, 1916, he was elected Governor over H. 
Otto Wittpenn, Democrat, by a plurality of 69,647. 
He was inaugurated on January 16th, 1917, for a term 
of three years. His salary is $10,000 per annum. 

1916— Edge, Rep., 247,343; Wittpenn, Dem., 177,696; 
Krafft, Soc, 12,900; Vaughan, Nat. Pro., 5,873; But- 
terworth, Soc. -Lab., 2,334. Edge's plurality, 69,647. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 287 

UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



WILLIAM HUGHES, Paterson. 

Senator Hughes succeeded Senator Frank O. Briggs 
in the United States Senate on March 4, 1913. Mr. 
Hughes "uas chosen for Senator at the Democratic 
primary election held on September 2i, 1912, the vote 
being as follows: Hughes, 62,532; Smith, 33,490; 
McDermott. 5,291; Wescott, 3,859. The Legislature 
ratified the selection. 

Senator Hughes was born in Ireland, April 3, 1872. 
He came to this country at an early age, received a 
common school education, worked in the silk mills of 
Paterson, studied typewriting and stenography at a 
business college in that city and became a law student 
in the office of William M. Rysdyk, of the same city. 
He enlisted in Company A, Second Regiment, N. G. 
N. J., in 1898, and served five months at Sea Girt and 
Jacksonville, Fla., during the Spanish-American war. 
At Sea Girt he was detailed as stenographer to Gov- 
ernor Voorhees and at Jacksonville to Major-General 
Fitzhugh Lee, When the regiment was mustered out 
of service he entered the law office of William Nelson, 
Paterson, and subsequently that of Attorney-General 
John W. Griggs, and in June, 190O, was admitted to 
the bar. He has always been closely identified with 
organized labor and was counsel in several important 
cases. He was a member of Congress eight years and 
was appointed Judge of Passaic county in 1912. 

He resigned the office of Represenative in Congress 
in September, 1912, and the judgeship a short time be- 
fore he took his seat in the United States Senate. 

His term will expire March 3d. 1919. 

JOSEPH S. FRELINGHUYSEN, Raritan. 

Senator Frelinghuysen was born March 12th, 1869, 
at Raritan, N. J., and has always made that town his 
home. His ancestor, Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Fre- 
linghuysen, came from Holland in 1720 and was the 
pioneer in establishing the Reformed Dutch Church in 
New Jersey. Major-General Frederick Frelinghuysen, 
who served with great distinction in the Revolutionary 



288 BIOGRAPHIES. 

war, and who was a member of the Continental Con- 
gress, was his great grandfather. General John Fre- 
linghuysen, an ofFicer in the war of 1812, was his 
grandfather. Theodore Frelinghuysen, United States 
Senator, Chancellor of the University of New York, 
and candidate for Vice-President with Henry Clay on 
the Whig- ticket, was a great uncle. His father, 
Frederick John Frelinghuysen, was a prominent lawyer 
and closely identified with the political and religious 
life of Somerset county. 

Senator Frelinghuysen's inclination for and ac- 
tivity in public affairs is a natural heritage. Forced 
by stress of circumstances to surrender his natural 
inclination for a college education, he, after preparing 
for college at the Somerville Grammar school, ob- 
tained employment as clerk in a fire insurance office, 
and has since that time built up a business in New 
York City which is recognized as one of the foremost 
general agencies in the country, representing nearly 
a score of large and profitably conducted fire insurance 
companies. 

Senator Frelinghuysen served eight years in Troop 
3, Squadron A Cavalry, New York, and rose to the 
position of Second Lieutenant. At the outbreak of 
the Spanish-American war he went to the front as 
Second Lieutenant of the troop formed from that or- 
ganization. For special services rendered in that 
campaign he was recommended to the President by 
Brigadier-General Guy V. Henry, his commanding of- 
ficer, for promotion to Brevet First Lieutenant for 
zealous and efficient services in Porto Rico. 

He served several years as chairman of the Somerset 
County Republican Executive Committee. In 1902, he 
made his first campaign for political honors as a 
candidate for State Senator and under the most ad- 
verse conditions was defeated by Samuel S. Childs, 
Democrat, by a small plurality. In 1905, he was 
again nominated for the same position against the 
same opponent, and was elected by a plurality of 1,056, 
and in 1908, he was re-elected to the Senate, over 
Colonel Nelson Y. Dungan, Democrat. During his ca- 
reer as State Senator he has always taken a prominent 
part in legislation. He was the father of the famous 
Frelinghuysen Automobile law, generally recognized 
as one of the most efficient enactments on the subject 



BIOGRAPHIES. 289 

yet passed in this country. He has also secured the 
enactment of many acts of especial benefit to the 
agricultural industry of the State. He was instru- 
mental in having- the live stock commission created 
and while serving on a special commission to investi- 
gate the school system secured knowledge which he 
later utilized in framing various bills for the thorough 
re-organization of the school system. He was one of 
the special committee who drafted the present Civil 
Service law, and in 1909, he served as chairman of 
the Special Committee on Finance, also other impor- 
tant committees and in other years he held influential 
assignments in the preparation of legislation. 

He was party leader on the floor of the Senate in 

1909, and upon the resignation of President Robbins 
he was unanimously elected as his successor in the 
chair. He was re-elected President of the Senate in 

1910, During the absence of Governor Fort from the 
State in those years, Senator Frelinghuysen, by vir- 
tue of his position, served as Acting Governor. 

He was chosen President of the State Board of 
Agriculture in 1912, and still holds that position. Upon 
the creation of the New State Board of Education in 

1911, Governor Wilson appointed Mr. Frelinghuysen 
a member of that body fo'r a term of two years, and 
in 1913 he was given a full term of eight years. He 
became President of the board in 1915. 

Senator Frelinghuysen is active in social and 
philanthropic enterprises; is a member of the New 
York Chamber of Commerce; N. J. State Chamber of 
Commerce; Down Town Association; Raritan Valley 
Grange No. 153; the Union League Club, of New York; 
of the Somerville Board of Trad'e; Solomon's Lodge 
No. 46, F. and A. M.; Somerville Lodge No. 885, B. 
P. O. E., Plainfield; and is trustee of the Somerset 
hospital. 

At the primary election held on September 26th, 
1916, for United States Senator and Governor, Senator 
Frelinghuysen for the former office received a plu- 
rality of 7,878 votes over ex-Governor Franklin 
Murphy. At the regular election held on November 
7th, he received a plurality of 74,696 over James E. 
Martine, Democrat. 

1916 — Frelinghuysen, Rep., 244,715; Martine, Dem., 
170,019; Doughty, Soc, 13,358; Barbour, Pro., 7,178; 
Katz, Soc.-Lab., 1,826. 
19 



290 BIOGRAPHIES. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FIRST DISTRICT. 

Camden, Gloucester and Salem Counties. 
(Population, census of 1910, 206,396.) 

WILLIAM J. BROWNING. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Browning- was born in Camden, N. J., April 11th, 
1850, and is in the insurance business, having been 
formerly a dry goods merchant. He was a member of 
the Board of Education of the city of Camden from 
April 7th, 1879, to February 19th, 1883; a member of 
City Council of the city of Camden from November 
11th, 1886, until March 14th, 1890; was Postmaster of 
the city of Camden from July 1st, 1889, until June 
30th, 1894, having- been appointed by President Har- 
rison, and Chief Clerk of the House of Representa- 
tives, Washington, D. C, from December 19th, 1895, 
until April 17th, 1911. Mr. Browning was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives from the 
First Congressional District of New Jersey to fill the 
unexpired term of Hon. H. C. Loudenslager, deceased, 
on November 7th, 1911, receiving a plurality of 2,654 
over Thomas M. Ferrell, Democrat, a former Con- 
gressman, State Senator and Assemblyman. In 1912, 
'14 and '16, he was re-elected. In the latter year his 
plurality over Cattell, Democrat, was 11,260. 

1916— Browning, Rep., 26,589; Cattell, Dem., 15,329; 
Day, Pro., 1,636; Snyder, Soc, 1,667. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 

Cape May, Atlantic, Cumberland and Burlington 

Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 213,357.) 

ISAAC BACHARACH. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Bacharach was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Janu- 
ary 5th, 1870, and is in the real estate business. He is 
a graduate of the Atlantic City High School of the 




New Jersey Coneiessional Districts. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 291 

class of 1885. He is a director of the Second National 
Bank of Atlantic City, the Pleasantville Trust Com- 
pany and the Atlantic Safe Deposit and Trust Com- 
pany; treasurer of the South Jersey Title and Finance 
Company, and president of the Atlantic City Lumber 
Company, Mr. Bacharach was a member of the Coun- 
cil of Atlantic City from January 1st, 1907, to January 
1st, 1910, and was re-elected to that body for another 
term of three years from January 1st, 1910. He was 
elected to the House of Assembly in 1912. In 1914 
he was elected to Congress, and in 1916 re-elected by 
a plurality of 10,645 over Myers, Democrat. 

1916 — Bacharach, Rep., 24,865; Myers, Dem., 14,220; 
Gamble, Pro., 1,654; Warren, Soc, 880. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 

Middlesex, Monmouth and Ocean Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 230,478.) 

THOMAS J. SCULLY. 

(Dem., South Amboy.) 

Mr. Scully was born in South Amboy, N. J., Septem- 
ber 19th, 1868, and is in the towing- and transportation 
business. He received his education in the schools of 
his native town and at Seton Hall College, from which 
he was graduated with honors. His father, John 
Scully, established the towing business in 1874, when 
the Congressman was only six years old. When he 
left college young Scully was taken into the business 
by his father, and from that time dates the remark- 
able growth of the Scully Towing and Transportation 
Company. 

Mr. Scully served in the South Amboy Board of 
Education and was Mayor of that city three years — 
1908-11. He was a delegate to the Democratic Na- 
tional Conventions of 1908, 1912 and 1916, and Presi- 
dential Elector in the former year. He was a mem- 
ber of Sixty-second, Sixty-third and Sixty-fourth Con- 
gresses. 



293 BIOGRAPHIES. 

(At the regular state election held November 7th, 
1916, Mr. Scully was opposed by Robert Carson, Re- 
publican, of Middlesex. The original returns gave 
Mr. Carson eleven plurality. Mr. Scully asked for a 
recount of the votes in the district, and it was granted 
by Justice Kalisch of the Supreme Court. When the 
State Board of Canvassers met on November 28th, the 
recount had not been finished. An adjournment was 
taken to December 12th, again to December 28th, and 
then to January 8th, when the full returns of the re- 
count, giving Mr. Scully a plurality of 202, were laid 
before the Board, and he was given a certificate of 
election.) 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Hunterdon, Somerset and Mercer Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 198,046.) 

ELIJAH C. HUTCHINSON. 

(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Hutchinson was born at Windsor, Mercer county, 
N. J., August 7th, 1855, and is a merchant miller. He 
has been treasurer of the Trenton Bone and Ferti- 
lizer Company since its organization in July, 1889, 
and its manager since 1892. He does a large business 
with his flour mill and grain elevator, which are 
situated in Hamilton township, also President of the 
Trenton Flour Mills Co. in Trenton, and has large 
interests in two potteries, being Vice-President of 
N. J. China Pottery Co. and Treasurer of Cochran, 
Drugan & Co., and is a Director of Broad St. Bank 
and Mercer Trust Co. He was a director of the Inter- 
State Fair Association, and was its first treasurer, 
having served three years in that position. Mr. Hutch- 
inson was elected to the House of Assembly in 1895 
by a plurality of 3,273, and in 1896 by the increased 
plurality of 7,736. In 1898 he was chosen for the 
State Senate by a plurality of 1,461 over his Demo- 
cratic opponent, Bayard Stockton, and in 1901 he was 
re-elected by the increased plurality of 1,904 over 
former Judge Robert S. Woodruff, Democrat. 

During his career in the Legislature the Congress- 
man always took an active interest in the affairs of 
that body and was ever alert for the promotion of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 293 

the welfare of the State and particular!-" of his own 
constituency. In the session of 190", he served rs 
President of the Senate, when he discharged the 
duties of that office with marked ability and imparti- 
ality. He was complimented at the close of the ses- 
sion by his colleagues for his record as a presiding 
officer, the leader of the Democratic minority pre- 
senting a resolution expressing the fullest appro- 
bation of the Senate at the manner in which he had 
presided over the deliberations of that body and which 
was unanimously adopted. 

On January 3d, 1905, Governor Stokes nominated Mr. 
Hutchinson to the office of State Road Commissioner 
and he was at once confirmed by the Senate for a 
term of three years. In a short time after his as- 
sumption of the duties of the position he reorganized 
the department not only in the method of road build- 
ing, but also the work of the office, which assiduity 
proved beneficial to the State and all concerned. 

In 1914 Mr, Hutchinson was elected to the National 
House of Representatives, and in 1916 re-elected by a 
plurality of 1,205 over Beekman, Democrat. 

1916 — Hutchinson, Rep., 18,131; Beekman, Dem., 16,- 
926; Van Nest, Soc, 744; Lunger, Pro., 500. 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Union and Morris Counties. 

(Population, census of 1910, 214,901.) 

JOHN H. CAPSTICK. 

(Rep., Montville.) 

Mr. Capstick was born in the city of Lawrence, 
Mass., September 2d, 1856. He attended the public 
schools until he attained tlie age of twelve years; 
then became a res-dent of Providence, R. I., and there 
attended the college of Morey & GofC. He was a 
member of the First Light Infantry Cadets, He fol- 
lowed the business of his father, who was a practical 
chemist and colorist of textile fabrics; establishing 
the firm of John Capstick & Sons, at Montville, Morris 
county, New Jersey, in 1883; having had a very suc- 
cessful business career. Mr. Capstick has been very 
prominently identified in public life and also financial 



294 BIOGRAPHIES. 

institutions in New Jersey, having served the State 
of New Jersey as President of the Board of Health 
from 1908 to 1914. He was elected to Congress in 
1914, and in 1916 re-elected by a plurality of 3,775 
over William E. Tuttle, Jr., his opponent in the former 
year. 

1916 — Capstick, Rep., 20,951; Tuttle, Jr., Dem., 17,- 
176; Brelsford, Soc, 1,493; Chandler, Pro., 613; Burg- 
holz, Soc.-Lab., 217. 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Bergen, Sussex and Warren Counties and the Town- 
ships of Pompton and West Milford, in the 
County of Passaic. 
(Population, census of 1910, 213,981.) 
JOHN RATHBONE RAMSEY. 
(Rep., Hackensack.) 

Mr. Ramsey was born at Wyckoff, Bergen county, 
N. J., April 25th, 1862. He spent much of his early 
life, from 1872 to 1879, with his maternal grandfather, 
John V. Rathbone, in Parkersburg, West Virginia, 
Avhere he received a liberal school education. In 
1879 he returned to New Jersey and studied law with 
George H. Coffey, "of Hackensack, and subsequently 
with Campbell & De Baun of the same town. He was 
admitted as an attorney in November, 1883, and as a 
counselor, February, 1887. He began the practice of 
law in Hackensack. He is not now practicing law, 
but is in the brick manufacturing business and also 
a banker. In 1890 he was nominated for county 
clerk and was defeated by a small majority. He was 
renominated for that office in 1895 and elected. In 
1900 and 1905 he was re-elected, and is the only Re- 
publican who ever held that office in Bergen county. 
In the Wilson campaign of 1910 he was defeated for 
State Senator. 

The Congressman was a delegate to the National 
Republican Convention held at Chicago in 1908. He 
belongs to several fraternal and social organizations, 
including the Masons, Odd Fellows, Elks and Jr. O. 
U. A. M. He is President of the Hackensack Brick 



BIOGRAPHIES. 295 

Company; a director of the People's National Bank of 
Hackensack, the Alliance Trust and Guarantee Com- 
pany and the First National Bank of Ridgefield Park. 

Mr. Ramsey was elected to Congress by a plurality 
of 2,694 over Sheriff Robert N. Heath, Democrat. 

1916 — Ramsey, Rep., 21,464; Heath, Dem.,- 18,770; 
De Yoe, Soc, 1,295; Lefferts, Pro., 746. 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Passaic County, excepting- the Townships of Pompton 

and West Milford. 

(Population, census of 1910, 209,891.) 

DOW H. DRUKKER. 

(Rep., Passaic.) 

Mr. Drukker was born in Holland, February 7th, 
1872; educated in the public schools of Grand Rapids; 
married Miss Helena M. Denhower August 31st, 1893, 
and has six children, and was elected to the Sixty- 
third Congress to fill a vacancy and re-elected to 
the Sixty-fourth Congress, and also to Sixty-fifth, by 
a plurality of 7,591. 

1916 — Drukker, Rep., 15,931: Beardmore, Dem., 
7,980; Kershot, Soc, 3,326; Schweikert, Pro., 2,617; 
Bauer, Soc.-Lab., 188. 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

The Eighth, Eleventh and Fifteenth wards of the 
city of Newark, the towns of Belleville, Bloomfleld 
and Nutley, all in the county of Essex, and the 
towns of Harrison and Kearny, the borough of East 
Newark, the Seventh ward of the city of Jersey 
City and the city of Bayonne, all in the county of 
Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1910, 207,642.) 

EDWARD 'W. GRAY. 

(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Gray was born in Jersey City, August 18th, 1870, 
He attended the public schools, and at the age of 16 
took his first position as a clerk in New York City. 



296 BIOGRAPHIES. 

A few years later he entered newspaper work as a 
reporter on the New York Herald. In 1898 he became 
connected with the Newark Daily Advertiser as city 
editor, and five years later was made president and 
general manager of the Advertising Publishing Com- 
pany. Mr. Gray served eight years as a member of 
the State Board of Tenement House Supervision; three 
years as Secretary to Governor Edward C. Stokes, and 
six years as Secretary of the Republican State Commit- 
tee. After leaving the newspaper field, he organized the 
Commercial Casualty Insurance Company of Newark, 
N. J. In 1898 Mr. Gray married Miss Altha R. Hay 
of Summit, N. J. They have three daughters. In 
the primary election of 1914, Mr, Gray won the Re- 
publican nomination for Congress in the Eighth Dis- 
trict against three opponents by a plurality of more 
than 1,600 over the nearest ma,,. In the regular 
election his plurality over McDonald, Dem., was 1,760. 
In 1916 he was re-elected by a plurality of 3,268 over 
former Congressman Eugene F. Kinkead, Democrat. 

1916 — Gray, Rep., 18,663; Kinkead, Dem., 15,395; 
Bircher, Soc, 1,050; MacMillan, Pro., 278. 



NINTH DISTRICT. 

The cities of East Orange and Orange and the First, 
Third, Sixth, Seventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth 
wards of the city of Newark. 

(Population, census of 1910, 213,027.) 
RICHARD WAYNE PARKER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Parker was born August 6th, 1848, in Morristown, 
N. J., and is a son of the late Cortlandt Parker of 
Newark. He has lived in Newark all his life and 
was graduated in 1864 at Phillips Academy, Andover; 
at Princeton College in 1867, Columbia College Law 
School in 1869, was admitted to the New Jersey Bar 
in June, 1870, and was made Counselor in June, 1873. 
He began his practice in Newark with the law firm of 
Parker & Keasby, and continued under the title of Cort- 
landt and Wayne Parker. He was a member of the 
New Jersey Legislature in 1885 and 1886; was de- 
feated for Congress in 1892; was elected in 1894, and 
thereafter serving from 1895 to 1911; was defeated at 



BIOGRAPHIES. 297 

the next two elections, and in 1914 was elected by 
a plurality of 1,413 over Gregory, Democrat, and again 
in 1916 by a plurality of 1,016 over Matthews, Demo- 
crat. Mr. Parker has led a very active career Doth 
as a lawyer and a legislator. His ability and in- 
dustry were marked not only in the New Jersey 
Legislature, but also in the National House of Rep- 
resentatives, where he has already served nine terms. 
1916 — Parker, Rep., 14,641; Matthews, Dem., 13,625; 
Wherett, Soc, 1,923; Berryman, Pro., 382. 



TENTH DISTRICT. 

The Second, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth and 
Sixteenth wards of the city of Newark, the towns 
of Irvington, Montclair and West Orange, the bor- 
oughs of Galdwell, Essex Fells, Glen Ridge, North 
Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, and the 
townships of Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Livingston, 
Millburn, South Orange and the village of South 
Orange, all in the county of Essex. 

(Population, census of 1910, 206.693.) 

FREDERICK R. LEHLBACH. 

(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr, Lehlbach was born in New York City, January 
31st, 1876. Upon the death of his father in 1884 he 
moved to Newark where he has since resided. He 
attended the public schools of Newark and went from 
the High School to Yale University, graduating there- 
from in the class of 1897. He then studied law in the 
New York Law School and was admitted to the bar 
of New Jersey in February, 1899, and has practiced his 
profession since that time. Mr. Lehlbach has been 
an active worker for tlie success of the Republican 
party since attaining his majority and he has served 
as a member of the Essex County Republican Com- 
mittee. In 1899 he was elected a member of the Board 
of Education of Newark from the Third ward, and 
in 1902 he was elected to the House of Assembly and 
served three years, 1903, ISG-i, 1905, from Essex 
county. During his term he took an active part in 
legislation. Upon the organization of the State Board 



298 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of Equalization of Taxes he was appointed clerk of 
that body for a term of five years, and served in that 
office from March, 1905, until April, 1908, when he 
resigned to accept the office of Second Assistant 
Prosecutor of the Pleas of Essex County. Shortly 
thereafter he was promoted to First Assistant Prose- 
cutor, which office he resigned in April, 1913. > Since 
then he has been practicing- law in Newark, being 
thei senior member of the firm of Lehlbach & Van 
Duyne. Mr. Lehlbach was elected to Congress by a 
plurality of 1,487 over Townsend, the Democratic in- 
cumbent, and in 1916 was re-elected by a plurality of 
9,481 over Flanagan, Democrat. 

1916 — Lehlbach, Ptcp., 21,822; Flanagan, Dem., 12,- 
341; Cairns, Soc, 1,492; Wiegand, Pro., 303. 



ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 

The townships of Weehawken and North Bergen, the 
towns of Guttenberg, West Hoboken, West New 
York and Union and the borough of Secaucus, the 
city of Hoboken and the Second ward in the city 
of Jersey City, all in tlie county of Hudson. 
(Population, census of 1910, 199,612.) 
JOHN J. EAGAN. 
(Dem., Weehawken.) 
Mr. Eagan was born in Hoboken, N. J., January 22, 
1872, and is a school principal, and formerly was an 
expert law and' general stenographer. In 1880' he 
removed to West Hoboken and the following year to 
Union Hill, where he resided for nearly twenty years, 
then to Hoboken, where he lived from 1899 to 1907. 
For the past five years he has resided in Weehawken. 
He was a teacher in the Hoboken High School for 
several years, 

Mr. Eagan is founder and president of the Eagan 
Schools of Business^ of Hoboken, Union Hill and 
Hackensack, in New Jersey, and of the Eagan Schools 
of Business of New York, one of which is located in 
the Evening Post building, 20 Vesey street, the other 
in the Bryant Park building, Forty-second street and 
Sixth avenue. He was Collector of Taxes, Town of 
Union, from 1896 to 1899. In 1912 he was elected to 



BIOGRAPHIES. 299 

Congress, and in 1914 and '16 re-elected, his latest 
plurality being 6,720 over Brennan, Republican. 

1916 — Eagan, Dem., 15,769; Brennan, Rep., 9,049; 
Bausch, Soc, 1,113; Hendrick, Ind. Dem., 708. 



TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Third, Fourth. Fifth, Sixth, Eighth. Ninth. 
Tenth. Eleventh and Twelfth \rards of Jersey City, 
all in the county of Hudson. 

(Population, census of 1910, 223,138.) 

JAMES A. HAMILL. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Hamili was born in the old Sixth Ward of Jersey 
City, March 31, 1877. and is a counselor-at-law. In the year 
1890 he entered St. Peter's College, of Jersey City, and was 
graduated from that institution In 1897. receiving the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts. Returning the suDsequent year, 
he completed the post graduate course in philosophy and 
received the. degree of Master of Arts. He studied law 
in the office of the late Isaac Taylor, a one-time law part- 
ner of the late Chancellor Alexander T. McGill. While a 
student in the office of Mr. Taylor, Ilr. Hamili attended 
the lectures of the New York Law School, and on com- 
pleting the regular course of two years was awarded the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. In the year 1900, at the June 
term cf the Supreme Court, he was admitted to the bar. 
and since then has practiced his profession in Jersey City. 
Mr. Hamili served four years as a member of tlie House 
of Assembly from Pludson county and he was minority 
leader for two years. His nersonal popularity Is wide- 
spread and he is noted for oratory and skill In debate. He 
served as a member of the Sixtieth. Sixty-first and 
Sixty-second Congresses, was elected to the Sixty- 
third, in a new district, by a plurality of 9. 881 over 
Record, Rep. -Prog., and re-elected by a plurality of 
8,881 over Higginbotham, Jr., Republican, and 1916 
again re-elected by a plurality of 5,307 over Dear, 
Republican. 

1916 — Hamili, Dem., 17.365; Dear, Rep., 12,058; 
Mead, Soc, 892; Hillas, Pro., 145. 



300 EXTRA SESSIONS. 

EXTRA SESSIONS OF THE LEGISLATURE AND 
SPECIAL SESSIONS OF THE SENATE. 

1861— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 30th, and adjourned on May 10th, 186i, called in 
obedience to Governor Olden's proclamation, to raise 
troops for the war. Laws enacted, 13; Joint Reso- 
lutions, 2. 

1877— A special session of the Senate was convened In 1877, 
for the purpose of acting on the Governor's nomina- 
tions of District Court Judges. It met on March 28th 
and adjourned on March 30th. 

1884— A special session of the Senate was convened In 1884, 
to act on the Governor's nominations for members of 
the State Board of Assessors. It met on April 23d 
and lasted two hours. 

1897- An extra session of the Legislature was called on 
May 25th, 1897, to correct an error In a law providing 
for the submission to the people of proposed amend- 
ments to the Constitution. The session met at noon 
and adjourned sine die the same day at 6:47 P. M. 

1903— An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
April 21st, 1903, to correct an error In the "Passaic 
Valley Sewerage District act" of 1903. The session 
lasted about five hours and a final adjournment was 
effected on the same day. 

1903— Another extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on October 15th, 1903, to pass an act to estab- 
lish a system of public Instruction to take the place 
of an act of March 26th, 1902, which had be6n declared 
unconstitutional by the Court of Errors and Appeals. 
The session covered four days, and a final adjourn- 
ment was effected on October 19th. The action of 
the Legislature was confined to the subject for which 
It was convened in extraordinary session. 

1904— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 12th to consider the report of the Morris Canal 
Commission and the bill to prevent the shooting of 
pigeons from traps. The session was adjourned on 
the night of the same day, after having passed four 
bills which became laws. 

1908— A special session of the Senate was convened on 
Friday, May 8th, to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only a few hours, when there 
was a final adjournment. 



EXTRA SESSIONS. 301 

1913 — An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
on May 6th to consider a new jury system, pro- 
posed constitutional convention and small board 
government for counties. After several recesses 
a final adjournment occurred on May 26th. Laws 
enacted, 22. 

1913 — Another extra session of the Legislature con- 
vened on August 5tli to consider questions relat- 
ing to Jersey City commission government, and a 
final adjournment occurred on August 12th. 
Laws enacted, 2. 

1914 — A special session of the Senate was convened 
on April 24th to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only three quarters of an 
hour when there was a final adjournment, 

1915 — An extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on May 3d to correct errors in a law pro- 
viding for a special election to consider proposed 
amendments to the State Constitution, The ses- 
sion lasted ten hours and was adjourned the 
same day. Laws enacted, 2. 

1916 — A special session of the Senate was held on 
June 27th to act on nominations by the Gover- 
nor. It lasted about an hour when there was a 
final adjournment. 



302 BIOGRAPHIES. 



STATE SENATORS. 



Atlantic County. 

(Population, 82,840.) 

EMERSON LEWIS RICHARDS. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Senator Richards was born in Atlantic City, N. J., 
July 9th, 1884, and is a counsellor-at-law. He was 
graduated from the Atlantic City High School in 1902 
and from the Law Department of the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1906. He studied law in the office 
of Hon. Robert Ingersoll, was admitted to practice at 
the June term, 1907, and as a counsellor, June term, 
1910. He was appointed a Special Master in Chancery, 
April, 1914. 

He became a member of the Board of Education 
of Atlantic City, January 1st, 1911, and was elected 
to the House of Assembly in November of the same 
year. He was re-elected in 1912 and 1913, and served 
as Republican leader on the floor of the House during 
the sessions of 1913 and 1914. 

Mr. Richards was elected to the State Senate in 
1916 by a plurality of 2,486 over Daniel H. V. Bell, 
Democrat. 

1916 — Richards, Rep., 7,990; Bell, Dem., 5,504; Comly, 
Pro., 391; Donovan, Soc, 192. 



Bergen County. 

(Population, 178,596.) 

WILLIAM B. MACKAY, JR. 

(Rep., Hackensack.) 

Senator Mackay was born in Greenock, Scotland, 
August 21st, 1876, and is a lawyer. He was admitted 
to the bar at the June term, 1899, and was appointed 
a Supreme Court Commissioner, April 16th, 1915. He 
was Counsel to the Board of Freeholders of Bergen 



BIOGRAPHIES. 303 

county from January 1st, 1915, to January 1st, 1916, 
and held no other office until his election to the State 
Senate, which occurred in November, 1916, and by a 
plurality of 6,930 over Arthur M. Agnew, Democrat. 

1916 — Mackay, Jr., Rep., 16,751; Agnew, Dem., 9,821; 
Herzog-, Soc, 1,036; Martin, Pro., 715. 



Burlington County. 

(Population, 74,737.) 

HAROLD B. WELLS. 

(Rep., Bordentown.) 

Senator Wells was born at Pemberton, February 
23d, 1876. He was educated in the Public School at 
Pemberton and attended Peddie Institute at Hights- 
town, from which he was graduated in 1894. He 
graduated from Princeton University in 1898. He 
studied law for two years with Magee & Bedle, Jersey 
City, and for one year with Eckard Budd at Mount 
Holly, and was admitted to the New Jersey Bar as 
an attorney in the June term, 1902, and as a coun- 
sellor-at-law in 1906. He has practiced his profession 
in Bordentown, Burlington county for over fourteen 
years. He is a Special Master in Chancery. He is a 
director of the Bordentown Building and Loan As- 
sociation and the Bordentown Banking Company; is 
City Solicitor of the city of Bordentown, and Solicitor 
of the First National Bank of Florence, N. J. He 
was elected to the State Senate in 1915 by a plurality 
of 3,459 votes over James Mercer Davis, Democratic 
candidate. 

Last year the Senator served as Chairman of the 
Committees on Boroughs and Townships, Public 
Health and Home for Feeble Minded Children, and as 
a member of the Committees on Appropriations, 
Federal Relations, New Jersey Reformatory and 
Treasurer's Accounts. 

1915 — Wells, Rep., 8,502; Davis, Dem., 5,043; Ridg- 
way. Pro., 236. 



304 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Camden County. 

(Population, 163,221.) 

JOHN B. KATES. 
(Rep., Collingswood.) 

Senator Kates is a native of New Jersey, born at 
Camden, November 16th, 1875; attended the public 
schools of his native city; was admitted to the prac- 
tice of law in June, 1898, and is associated with 
Albert E. Burling, under the firm name of Kates & 
Burling-, with offices in Camden. 

He has had five years legislative experience, in the 
session of 1912 serving as Clerk to the Judiciary 
Committee of the House under the leadership of the 
Hon. George W. Whyte, and was a member of the 
House during the sessions of 1913, 1914, 1915 and 
1916. In 1913, his first year as a member, he acted 
as minority leader during the illness of Hon. Emerson 
L. Richards and in 1916 he was the unanimous choice 
of the Republicans as majority leader. 

He has been an earnest advocate of the establish- 
ment of a Normal School in So-uth Jersey and during 
his membership in the House has been a member of 
the Committee on Education. 

He is the solicitor and director of a number of the 
building and loan associations of his county; one of 
the organizers and directors of the .Broadway Trust 
Company of Camden, and a director of the Collings- 
wood National Bank. 

In addition to his law practice, he is engaged in 
the construction of dwelling houses in Camden and 
Collingswood, under the corporate title of John B. 
Kates Co. 

At the recent election he was elected Senator for 
the unexpired term of William T. Read, by a plurality 
of 6,370 over Joseph L. Shackelford, one of the most 
popular Democrats of Camden county. 

1916 — Kates, Rep., 16,893; Shackelford, Dem., 10,523; 
Hedlund, Soc, 1,350; Anderson, Pro., 611. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 305 

Cape 3Iay County. 

(Population, 24,407.) 

LEWIS T. STEVENS. 
(Rep., Cape May.) 

Senator Stevens -was born in Lower township (.now 
West Cape May), N. J., August 22d, 1868, and is a 
counsellor-at-law, and a son of William T. Stevens, 
who served in the Assembly in 1876-78. He received 
his education in the public schools in the city of Cape 
May, and as a special student at Princeton College and 
in the Metropolis Law School, New York City. He 
learned the trade of a printer in the Cape May Wave 
office, and in working at the case and acting as corres- 
pondent for metropolitan newspapers he saved money 
with which to pay his way in Princeton and the law 
school. While attending law school at night in New 
York in 1893 and 1894, he was employed during the day 
as an associate editor of two magazines. He was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar as attorney in the 
June term, 1898, and as a counsellor at the February 
term, 1902. In January, 1899, he was appointed a 
referee in bankruptcy by the late Judge Andrew Kirk- 
patrick, of the U. S. District Court, and served for 
the districts of Cumberland and Cape May counties 
for fifteen years, resigning to take his seat as a mem- 
ber of the House of Assembly in January, 1914. In 
1892 he was elected to the city council of Cape May, 
and served for three years, and during the last year 
of the term was president of the body, being its 
youngest president. He was tax collector of Cape 
May in 1899, and served as a member and secretary 
of the Board of Health from 1894 to 1906. He was 
solicitor of Lower Township from 1905 to 1908. In 
1889, upon reaching his majority, he was a delegate 
to the gubernatorial convention which nominated the 
late Gen. Edward Burd Grubb, and since then has 
been interested in good government. He served as 
assistant secretary of the Senate in the sessions of 
1905 and 1906. In addition to his other work, he edited 
the Cape May "Wave in 1898 and 1899, and was pub- 
lisher and editor of the Cape May Herald from 1903 
to 1912. He is the author of "The History of Cape 
20 



306 BIOGRAPHIES. 

May County," a 480-pag-e pure history, and in 1916 
compiled a second edition of "New Jersey Commission 
Government," the Walsh act, and has prepared for 
publication many other legal and literary pamphlets. 
He served in the Assembly in 1914 and 1915. 

On April 11th, 1894, he was married to Miss Grace 
A. Merwin, and they have three children. Last year 
Senator Stevens served on the Committees of Labor 
and Industries, Soldiers' Homes, Riparian Rig-hts, Com- 
merce and Navigation, Printed Bills, Public Printing 
and School for Deaf Mutes. 

1915 — Stevens, Rep., 2,091; Wheaton, Dem., 2,000; 
Reeves, Pro., 103. 



Cumberland County. 

(Population, 59,481.) 

J. HAMPTON FITHIAN. 
(Rep., Bridgeton.) 

Senator Fithian was born at Greenwich, Cumberland 
county, December 16th, 1873, and is a lawyer. He was 
admitted as an attorney, February term, 1895, and as 
a counsellor, February, 1898. In 1895, he formed the 
law partnership with George Hampton, as Hampton 
& Fithian, which partnership continued until it was 
dissolved in January, 1915, and since which time he 
has practiced alone with an office at Bridgeton. He 
was Prosecutor of the Pleas, Cumberland county, from 
April 20th, 1899, to April 20th, 1914. Mr. Fithian was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 1,639 over 
Bamford, Democrat. 

1916 — Fithian, Rep., 5,075; Bamford, Dem., 3,436; 
Sharp, Pro., 490; Modell, Soc, 342. 



E.ssex Counly. 

(Population, 566,324.) 

EDMUND BURKE OSBORNE. 

(Rep., Montclair.) 

Senator Osborne was born in Manchester, Iowa, in 
1865, and was educated in public schools and in Simp- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 307 

son College, Iowa. He engag-ed in newspaper work in 
Red Oak, Iowa, for several years after leaving- col- 
lege, and founded there, in 1889, the Osborne Com- 
pany, with which ten years later he m'oved to Newark. 

Mr. Osborne is president of the Osborne Company, 
manufacturers of art calendars, with works in New- 
ark, and of the American Colortype Company, a't 
color printers, of New York and Chicago. 

He was married in 1887 to Miss Jessie Graliam. 
They reside in Montclair with their two sons, Andrew 
G. and Edmund Burke, Jr. 

He has been active in politics for a number of 
years. He was associated with the "New Idea" move- 
ment in the Republican party, and in 1910 was elected 
president of the Progressive Republican League of 
New Jersey. In 1912 he was a delegate to the Re- 
publican National Convention, He left the Repub- 
lican party, with other Roosevelt supporters, and was 
a delegate to the National Progressive Convention in 
August. In 1915 he announced his return to the 
Republican party. 

Mr. Osborne was appointed a member of the State 
Board of Education by President Wilson in 1911 for a 
term of six years. 

He was elected to the State Senate in 1916 to fill 
a vacancy caused by the resignation of Austin Colgate, 
and by a plurality of 13,003 over John O. Bigelow, 
Democrat. His term is for one year. 

1916 — Osborne. Rep., 45,725; Bigelow, Dem., 32,722; 
Wittel, Soc, 3,732; Brant, Pro., 580. 



Gloucester County. 

(Population, 43,587.) 

GEORGE W. F. GAUNT. 
(Rep., Mullica Hill.) 

Senator Gaunt was born in Mantua township, Glou- 
cester county, September 9th, 1865, on the "Homestead 
Farm," residing there until March 5th, 1901, when he 
purchased the farm he now owns and operates near 
Mullica Hill. Mr. Gaunt was educated in the public 
schools of the county, graduating from the Deptford 
school, Woodbury. He is regarded as an authority 



308 BIOGRAPHIES. 

on all matters pertaining to agriculture, a successful 
farmer and a man of wonderful executive ability, 
which has been best shown by the rapid and sub- 
stantial growth made by the New Jersey State Grange 
during his fourteen years as Master; an organization 
which has grown in membership from approximately 
3,000 to 25,000 during his incumbency as Master. 

He was not new to the legislative methods as his 
voice had been often heard prior to his election 
to the Senate before committees of that body in the 
interests of legislation concerning the agricultural 
and dairy interests of the State. 

He served the National Grange as Lecturer for 
four years, and at its 1909 session, held in Des Moines, 
Iowa, was honored by election to High Priest, the 
highest official position within the gift of the Grange. 
In 1913 he was again elected Lecturer of the National 
Grange for a term of two years. In 1908 he was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 524 over 
Newton, Democrat. 

His first year in the Senate was made especially 
eventful by his strong, earnest and successful fight 
for the passage of the "Trolley Freight Bill." Sub- 
sequently he took an active part in Public Utility, Cold 
Storage, Commission on Tuberculosis in Animals, Good 
Roads and Automobile legislation. He introduced 
and had passed the Fifty-year Franchise act. He was 
re-elected to the Senate in 1911 by a plurality of 
518 over George B. Hurff, Democrat. He has served 
as chairman of the Committees on Agriculture, Ap- 
propriation, Public Health, New Jersey Reformatory, 
and as a member of the Committees on Federal Re- 
lations, Sinking Fund and Treasurer's Accounts. 

He was elected a director of the Philadelphia Federal 
Reserve Bank under the provisions of the Federal 
Reserve act by the 264 Banks in Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey andi Delaware of group 3, class B and was 
re-elected in 1915 for a term of three years. 

In 1914 the Senator was given a third term by the 
increased plurality of 1,115 over Allen, Democrat. 
He is the only Senator who was ever given such a 
long tenure of office in Gloucester county since the 
adoption of the Constitution in 1844. 

Upon the resignation of William T. Read as Presi- 
dent of the Senate on March 29th, 1916, Mr. Gaunt 



BIOGRAPHIES. 309 

was chosen to fill the vacancy. He served as Acting 
Governor when Governor Fielder was absent from the 
State. During the session the Senator served as 
chairman of the Committees on Agriculture, Educa- 
tion, Highways and Village for Epileptics, and as a 
member of the Committees on Appropriations, Rail- 
roads and Canals and Home for Feeble Minded 
Children. 

1914 — Gaunt, Rep., 4,070; Allen, Dem., 2,955; Rober- 
son, Prog., 367; Repp, Pro., 930. 



Hudson County. 

(Population, 571,371.) 

CORNELIUS A. McGLENNOX. 
(Dem., East Newark.) 

Senator McGlennon was born in East Newark, De- 
cember 10th, 1879. He was educated in Holy Cross 
Parochial School, St. Francis Xavier's High School, 
and then entered Seton Hall College, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated in 1899 with the degree 
of A.B. Two years later his Alma Mater awarded 
him the degree of A.M. The Senator immediately after 
his graduation took up school teaching as a profession 
and was appointed Principal of the East Newark 
School. Later he was chosen Principal of the Har- 
rison High School. In 1S97 he was elected Mayor of 
East Newark and has held that office continuously 
for the past nine years. The Senator is a lawyer and 
practices with his brother under the firm name of 
McGlennon & McGlennon. 

He is a director and executive member of the "West 
Hudson County Trust Company, and President of the 
Board of Trustees of the Free Public Library of East 
Newark. He is a member of the Knights of Columbus, 
being a Past State Deputy of that order; a member of 
Kearny Lodge No. 1050, B. P. O. E.; Modern Woodmen 
of America; Holy Cross Holy Name Society, and other 
fraternal, social and political associations. 

He was elected State Senator by a plurality of 
8,217 over Arthur B. Archibold, Republican. 

1916 — McGlennon, Dem., 40,178; Archibold, Rep., 31,- 
961; Kiehn, Soc, 3,082; Jones, Pro., 493. 



310 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Hunterdon County. 

(Population, 34,697.) 

GEORGE F. MARTENS, JR. 
(Dem., New Germantown.) 

Senator Mai^tens was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary 21st, 1867. He served three years in the House 
of Assembly — 1897, '98 and '99 and as State Senator — 
1904 to 1907, 1913 to 1915, and was re-elected in 1915 
by a plurality of 673 over Eastwood, Republican. 
Last year he served on the Committees»on Agriculture, 
Hig-hways, Home for Feeble-Minded Children, Public 
Grounds and Buildings, and Miscellaneous Business. 

1915 — Martens, Dem., 3,836; Eastwood, Rep., 3,163; 
Gordon, Pro., 279. 



fiercer County. 

(Population, 139,812.) 

JAMES HAMMOND. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Senator Hammond was born at Trenton, N. J., August 
21st, 1882, and is a lawyer. He attended the Trenton 
High School, New York Law School, and was admitted 
to the New Jersey Bar in 1909. He is a member of the 
Sons of St. George, Knights of Pythias, Royal Arca- 
num, Modern Woodmen, American Mechanics, Patriotic 
Order Sons of America and Mercer Lodge No. 50, F. 
& A. M. 

He served three years as a member of the Assembly. 
In 1916 he was elected to the State Senate by a plu- 
rality of 1,086 over S. Roy Heath, Dem. 

1916 — Hammond, Rep., 11,581; Heath, Dem., 10,495; 
Young, Soc, 484; Case, Pro., 243. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 311 

Middlesex County. 

(Population, 144,716.) 

WILLIAM EDWIN FLORANCE. 

(Dem., New Brunswick.) 

Senator Florance was born in Toronto, Canada, 
April 16th, 1865. In May of that year his parents 
moved to New Brunswick, N. J., where he has spent 
his whole life. He is a graduate of the High School . 
and of Rutgers College, Class of 1885. He studied 
law in the offices of former Judge J. Kearny Rice and 
of the late Justice of the Supreme Court, Willard P. 
Voorhees, and was admitted as an attorney at the 
November term, 1887, and as counselor at the Novem- 
ber termi, 1890. Mr. Florance has served as city col- 
lector, city treasurer and mayor of New Brunswick, 
and was also a member of the State Board of Edu- 
cation from 1905 to 1911. In September, 1914, he was 
appointed prosecutor of the pleas of Middlesex county, 
to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation, of Judge 
George S. Silzer, and on February 1st, 1915, was 
named by Governor Fielder and confirmed by the 
Senate for the full term of five years in the same 
office. 

He is president of the New Brunswick Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, vice-president of the National 
Bank of New Jersey, one of the managers of and 
counsel for the New Brunswick Savings Institution, 
a director and counsel for the Security Building and 
Loan Association, a trustee of Rutgers College, 
treasurer of the Committee of the General Synod of 
the Reformed Church in America on the Seminary 
Grounds and Property at New Brunswick, and a 
trustee of the Free Public Library of New Bruns- 
wick, also a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, 
of the Chi Psi Fraternity, of Union Lodge, F. and A. 
M., and a Past Regent of Adelphic Council No. 1,015, 
Royal Arcanum. 

He was elected Senator by a plurality of 231 over 
William A. Spencer, Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Banks 
and Insurance, Railroads and Canals, Revision of Laws, 
School for Deaf Mutes and Home for Boys. 

1915 — Florance, Dem., 8,753; Spencer, Rep., 8,522; 
Barbour, Nat. Pro., 714; Tyrell, Prog., 361. 



312 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Moninoiitli County. 

(Population, 107,636.) 

HENRY ELIJAH ACKERSON, JR. 
(Dem., Keyport.) 

Senator Ackerson was born in Holmdel township, 
near Hazlet, Monmouth county, New Jersey, October 
15th, 1880. In 1890 his parents moved to Keyport, N. J. 
where he entered the local public school and was 
graduated from the Keyport High School in 1898 
with high honors. He was then employed for a time 
as a clerk in the People's National Bank of Keyport, 
and then entered the Packard Commercial School, 
New York City, and after his graduation there, became 
secretary to the manager of a New York brokerage 
firm, and during this employment he continued his 
education with the Senftner Preparatory School in 
New York City, attending the night classes, with 
the view of preparing himself to take up the study 
of law. He passed the New York Regents' exami- 
nations in 1900 and was admitted to the New York 
Law School, from which he graduated in the year 
1902 at the head of a large class of students, with 
an exceptionally high average in his examinations, 
and as a result of this record he was appointed Pro- 
fessor of Pleading and Practice at the Law School, 
which position he occupied for two shears, being at the 
same time connected with a law firm in Jersey 
City. He was admitted to the New Jersey Bar as 
an attorney-at-law, March 7th, 1904, and was made 
a counsellor-at-law and Master in Chancery No- 
vember 28th, 1909. 

On May 1st, 1906, Mr. Ackerson left the law firm 
in Jersey City to engage in the practice of law by 
himself in his home town of Keyport. where he has 
practiced continuously ever since. He has never 
before been a candidate for any elective office. He 
served as attorney of the Borough of Keyport from 
January 1st, 1909, to January 1st, 1914, and has been 
counsel for the township of Holmdel continuously 
since January 1st, 1909. On February 11th, 1914, 
he was appointed counsel to the Board of Chosen 
Freeholders of the county of Monmouth, which office 
he now holds. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 313 

He is a director of and attorney for the People's 
National Bank of Keyport, and is Vice-President of 
the Keyport Free Public Library Association. He 
is a member of the Royal Arcanum, being a Past 
Regent of that order and has also served as Super- 
vising Deputy Grand Regent for that order in Mon- 
mouth countj-. 

In 1914 he was elected to the Senate by a plurality 
of 807 over Appleby, Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Elections, 
Judiciary, Militia, New Jersey Reformatory and Home 
for Girls. 

He served as minority leader for the session of 1916, 
and in 1917 was the minority choice for President of 
the Senate. 

1914 — Ackerson, Jr., Dem., 9,496; Appleby, Rep., 
8,689; Coleman, Prog., 868; Scott, Pro., 211. 



Morris County. 

(Population, 81,514.) 

HARRY W. MUTCHLER. 
(Rep., Rockaway.) 

Senator Mutchler was born at Asbury, N. J., October 
8th, 1862, and is a traveling salesman. He has resided 
in Morris county practically all his life. When a young 
man he attended the Phillipsburg High School. His 
first employment was as clerk in a general store at 
New Foundland, N. J., where he stayed seven years, 
and next he became acting manager for Lawrence & 
King, at Stanhope, N. J., and subsequently was em- 
ployed by the Richards Beach Company, at Hibernia, 
for seven years as bookkeeper, and for the past twenty 
years has been a traveling salesman for Edward D. 
Depew & Co., wholesale grocers, of New York City. 

Mr. Mutchler is a member of Acacia Lodge, No. 20, 
F. & A. M.; Citizens Lodge, No. 144, I. O. O. F.; 
Bethlehem Encampment, No. 50, L O. O. F.; No. 195, 
Jr. O, U. A. M., and Rockaway Council, No. 1349, Royal 
Arcanum; and he is also a member of the Rockaway 
Fire Department and Board of Trade, and a director 
of the Rockaway First National Bank, and Rockaway 
Building and Loan Association. He was a member of 
the Borough Council of Rockaway and served as 
mayor two terms, 1908 to 1912. 



314 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He served three years as a member of the House of 
Assembly and was elected to the State Senate by a 
plurality of 1,876 over James J. Lyons, Dem. 

1916 — Mutchler, Rep., 7,746; Lyons, Dem., 5,870; 
Sanders, Pro., 458; Buysor, Soc, 307. 



Ocean County. 

(Population, 23,011.) 

DAVID GROVE CONRAD.' 
(Rep., Barnegat.) 

Senator Conrad was born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 
16th, 1867, came to Barnegat in 1874, and has been 
in the lumber and mill business all his life. He was 
appointed for one year a member of the Board of 
Freeholders, 1905, and was elected as such in 1906- 
'09-*12, without any opposition. He is one of the 
directors of the Tuckerton bank and a stockholder in 
the Barnegat "Water Company. Mr. Conrad is a mem- 
ber of Barnegat Lodge, No. 71, K. of P.; State Council, 
No. 202, Jr. O. U. A. M., and ot Cedar Run Lodge, L O. 
O. F. He served four years as an Assemblyman, and 
in 1916 was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 
227 over Doctor Joshua Hilliard, Democrat. 

1916— Conrad, Rep., 2,705; Hilliard, Dem., 2,478; 
Fielder, Pro., 66. 



Passaic County. 

(Population, 236,364.) 

THOMAS F. McCRAN. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Senator McCran was born in Newark, N. J., De- 
cember 2d, 1875, and is a lawyer by profession. He 
is a son of Thomas McCran, who was an Assemblyman 
from Passaic in 1890. He was educated in the local 
schools of the city of Paterson and at Seton Hall 
College, and was graduated from the latter in June, 
1896, with the degree of B.S. He entered the law 
office of Hon. William B. Gourley in September, 1896, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 315 

and was admitted to the bar at the November term, 
1899, and as a counselor at the February term, 1911. 
He continued in Mr. .Gourley's office until March, 1907, 
when he opened an office of his own. He was ap- 
pointed City Attorney of the city of Paterson in No- 
vember, 1907, resigning this office in 1912. He was 
a member of the House of Assembly in 1910, 1911 and 
1912. In 1911 he served as Minority Leader and in 
1912 he was the Speaker of the House. In 1912 he 
was defeated for the Senate by Peter J. McGinnis by 
167 votes. In 1915 he defeated Mr. McGinnis with a 
plurality of 8,162. Last year he served as Chairman 
of the Committees on Banks and Insurance, Corpora- 
tions and Home for Boys, and as a member of the 
Committees on Municipal Corporations, Miscellaneous 
Business, State Library and Sanatorium for Tuber- 
culous Diseases. 

In November, 1916, he was elected President of the 
Southside Safe Deposit and Trust Co. of Paterson. 

He was chosen Republican leader on the floor of the 
Senate during the session of 1917. 

1915 — McCran, Rep., 15,910; McGinnis, Dem., 7,748; 
Webster, Soc, 2,292; Patton, Pro., 2,997; Berdan, Soc- 
Lab., 458. 



Salem County. 

(Population, 30,292.) 

COLLINS B. ALLEN. 
(Rep., Salem.) 

Senator Allen, a prominent farmer in Mannington 
township, Salem county, N. J., was born on the old 
Homestead farm, August 9th, 1866. He entered the lo- 
cal public school, afterward attended a priva-te school 
in Salem. He was elected a member of the Board of 
Education of Mannington township in 1896, appointed 
district clerk of that board in 1897 and now holds 
both positions. In 1897 he was elected township 
clerk and held that office until he was nominated for 
the Senate. Mr. Allen served as sheriff of Salem 
county for a term of three years, beginning in 1905. 

GFIe is a director of the Salem National Banking 
Company, also a director of the South Jersey Farmers' 
Exchange. He is a member of Salem Grange No. 



316 BIOGRAPHIES. 

172, and held the office of master for two years, and 
is also a member of Forest Lodge No. 7, K. of P. 

He was elected to the Senate in 1914 by a plurality 
of 519 over Smick, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Printed Bills, Unfinished Business and Sanatorium 
for Tuberculous Diseases and as a member of the 
Committees on Agriculture, Taxation, State Home for 
Girls and State Prison. 

1914— Allen, Rep., 3,114; Smick, Dem., 2,595; Haines, 
Prog-.-Roos., 99; Coleman, Pro., 88. 



Somerset County. 

(Population, 44,123.) 

VACANCY. 

Senator William W. Smalley died at his home in Bound 
Brook, December 27, 1916, at the age of sixty-six years. 

The NeivarJc Evening 'News, in reference to the sad oc- 
currence, editorially said : 

"No issue of importance to come before the Legislature 
this winter will be affected by the death of Senator William 
W. Smalley, yet the influence of the representative from 
Somerset County will be greatly missed. A Republican, he 
was about to enter the final year of his second term in the 
Senate, he had served four terms in the Assembly, and his 
whole record was clear. 

"Everybody familiar with politics in New Jersey knew 
where to find Mr. Smalley's name in any division on im- 
portant measures. He was no blind follower of party bosses. 
In fact, he was the leader in the Legislature on all matters 
concerning appropriations during the past two sessions, when 
he was chairman of the joint appropriations committee. 
Democrats as well as Republicans followed his leadership 
in state financial matters. He was a conservative man of 
affairs, thoroughly competent, the best type of a business 
man in state government rather than a politician. He never 
acquired the title of 'watchdog of the treasury,' but he 
lived up to that sobriquet, so frequently abused. He was a 
recognized force for good at Trenton, a Christian gentleman, 
in whose passing the state suffers a distinct loss." 



BIOGRAPHIES. 317 

Sussex County. 

(Population, 25,977.) 

SAMUEL TILDEN MUNSON. 
(Dem., E'ranklin Furnace.) 

Senator Munson was born November 4th, 1876, at 
Franklin Furnace, . in what is called the Munson 
homestead, and has lived there all his life. He went 
into mercantile business when twenty years of age 
and is still at the same old stand. He was graduated 
from the New York Military Academy, Cornwall-on- 
the-Hudson, in 1895. He was Collector of Taxes in 
Hardyston township for seven years, beginning when 
twenty-six years old, from 1902 to 1909. This town- 
ship at that time was Republican by 150, and he was 
elected as a Democrat by 137 majority. He has been 
a member of the Democratic County Committee for 
ten years and never sought .any other office in the 
township, county or State until 1912 when he was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 839 over Huston, 
Republican. In 1915, he was re-elected by a plurality 
of 179 over Thomas W. De Kay, Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Boroughs 
and Townships, Game and Fish, Labor and Industries 
and State Library. 

He served in the House of Assembly as Assistant 
Journal Clerk in 1907. 

1915 — Munson, Dem., 2,495; De Kay, Rep., 2,316; 
Beemer, Pro., 135. 



Union County. 

((Population, 167,322.) 

CARLTON B. PIERCE. 

(Rep., Cranford.) 

Senator Pierce was born in Trenton, June 22d, 1857, 
and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated in the 
public schools in New Brunswick, later graduating 
from Rutgers College and the Albany Law School. He 
served three terms in the Assembly, 1908-10. 



318 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He was elected to the Senate in 1911 by a plurality 
of 1,358 over McAdams, Democrat, and re-elected in 
1914 by a plurality of 1,971 over Stewart, Democrat. 
Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Taxation, Finance, State Library and Sinking' Fund, 
and as a member of the Committees on Clergy, Re- 
vision of Laws and Unfinished Business. 

1914 — Pierce, Rep., 11,796; Stewart, Dem., 9,825; 
Keyes, Soc, 1,719; Washabaugh, Pro., 277. 



Warren County. 

(Population, 44,314.) 

THOMAS BARBER. 
(Dem., Phillipsburg.) 

Senator Barber was born at Port Warren, Warren 
County, New Jersey, May 11th, 1868; and is a physi- 
cian by profession. He is a lineal descendant of John 
Barber, Esq., who settled at what is now Lopatcong 
Township, prior to 1740. Dr. Barber's ancestors were 
actively engaged in the Revolution. His greatgrand- 
father, Barber, was for some time a revolutionary 
soldier. His great grandfather, Thomas Kennedy, a 
nephew of General William Maxwell, was a member 
of Kennedy's brigade of teams. His great grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Sr., was wounded at the battle of 
Trenton. His g-reat great g-randfather, Mathias Ship- 
man, was Lieutenant Colonel of Second Sussex Regi- 
ment. His great great grandfather, Jonas Hartzell, 
was a member of a committee of safety. His grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Jr., was a sergeant in the war of 
1812. Dr. Barber received his early education In the 
public schools, and prepared for college at the Phll- 
lipsburg and Easton High Schools. He entered Lafa- 
yette in 1891, graduated in the arts. 1895; and In 
medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 1898. He 
located in Phillipsburg and has since practiced in con- 
junction with his brother, Dr. Isaac Barber. In the 
1911 election, in Phillipsburg alone, he received a 
majority of 1,568. the largest majority ever given a 
candidate for any office in the history of the munici- 
pality. The Doctor was elected to the Senate by a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 319 

plurality of 2,152 over Marvin A. Pierson, Republican. 
He was re-elected in 1914 by the increased plurality 
of 2,439 over Shoemaker, Rep. Last year he served as 
a member of the Committees on Appropriations, Pub- 
lic Health, Stationery and Incidental Expenses, Sana- 
torium for Tuberculous Diseases, State Hospitals and 
Village for Epileptics. 

1914 — Barber, Dem., 4,764; Shoemaker, Rep., 2,325; 
Fowler, Pro., 427. 



Summary, 

Senate — Republicans.... 14 Democrats.... 6 = 20 

Vacancy 1 

House — Republicans.... 44 Democrats.... 16 = 60 

58 22 = 81 
Republican majority on joint ballot, 36. 



When Regular Senatorial Elections Occur. 

In 1917 — Camden, Essex, Gloucester, Somerset, Salem 
and Union now represented by Republicans, and Mon- 
mouth and Warren represented by Democrats, 8. 

In 1918 — Cape May, Burlington and Passaic, now 
represented by Republicans, and Hunterdon, Middlesex 
and Sussex represented by Democrats, 6. 

In 1919 — Atlantic, Bergen, Cumberland, Mercer, Mor- 
ris and Ocean, now represented by Republicans, and 
in Hudson represented by a Democrat, 7. 



320 BIOGRAPHIES. 

HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 

Atlantic County. 

BERTRAM EDWARD WHITMAN. 
(Rep., Pleasantville.) 

Mr. Whitman was born at Easton, Maryland, Feb- 
ruary 8th, 1880, and is an editor and publisher. This 
is the first office for which he has been a candidate 
before the people, although hi held several minor 
appointive offices in Maryland, chief of which was 
supervisor of elections in Talbot county, in 1909. He 
is editor and publisher of the Pleasantville Press and 
his business record for so young a man is very ex- 
tensive. He became the editor of a paper when only 
sixteen years of age, while in his native town, Easton, 
Maryland, and was heralded through the country as 
the youngest editor in the United States. He is now 
a director of the Pleasantville Trust Company, also 
of the Workingmen's Building and Loan Association 
of Pleasantville, vice-president of the South Jersey 
Securities Corporation, and interested in several other 
financial organizations. 

Fraternally, he is a member of Keystone Lodge No. 
153, F. & A. M.: Trinity Chapter No. 38, R. A. M., and 
Atlantic Commandery No. 20, Knights Templar. He 
is also an Elk and an Odd Fellow, and holds member- 
ship in the Junior Order United American Mechanics. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Taxation and as a member of the Committees on 
Highways, Rules, Ways and Means, Treasurer's Ac- 
counts and Home for Feeble Minded Children. He 
was elected to a third term in the Assembly by a 
plurality of 5,786 over William B. Phillips, the highest 
Democrat. 

IRVING P. PARSONS. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Parsons was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, 
January 4th, 1887, and is a lawyer. He is the son of 
John W. and Belle S. Parsons. He attended the public 
schools of Atlantic City; graduated from Conway Hall 
Preparatory School in 1906; entered Dickinson Col- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 321 

lege and for two years took up special work. He 
holds the degree of LL.B. from the Dickinson School 
of Law, from which institution he was graduated in 
June, 1911. He served his clerkship in the offices of 
Bolte & Sooy and Clarence L. Goldenberg, former 
Prosecutor of the Pleas of Atlantic county. He was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney in 
June, 1912, and successfully passed his examinations 
and was made a counsellor in February, 1916. Prior 
to being made a counsellor, Mr. Parsons served for 
a year as an associate of James H. Hayes, Jr., at 
that time Recorder of Atlantic City. On November 
30th, 1912, he married Miss Eleanor P. Watson, of 
Carlisle, Penna., and they have one daughter, Ruth 
Eleanor Parsons. Since his admission to the bar, Mr, 
Parsons has practiced his profession in Atlantic City, 
and in 1915 was Assistant City Solicitor of Atlantic 
City. 

Mr. Parsons is a member of the Phi Delta Theta 
Fraternity and a member of the Delta Chi legal fra- 
ternity. This is the first public office for which he 
has been a candidate before the electorate. Mr. Par- 
sons was elected to the House of Assembly by a 
plurality of 5,822 votes over "William Phillips, who 
received the highest vote on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans — Parsons, 9,238; Whitman, 9,184. 
Democrats — Phillips, 3,416; McCorkle, 3,400. 
Prohibitionists — Tilton, 355; Blake, 313. 
Socialists — Irwin, 288; Barsky, 221. 



Bergren County, 

WALTER G. WINNE. 
(Rep., Hasbrouck Heights.) 

Mr. Winne was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., February 
18th, 1889, and is a counselor-at-law. He was grad- 
uated at Rutgers College in 1910, Litt.B., and the New 
York Law School in 1912, LL.B. He is Borough At- 
torney for Hasbrouck Heights and his law office is 
at Hackensack. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Agriculture, Commerce and Navigation, 
21 



322 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Ways and Means, Feeble Minded Children and State 
Prison. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 3,973 over Isaac A. Hopper, highest Democrat. 

W. IRVING GLOVER. 
(Rep., Englewood.) 

Mr. Glover was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 
2d, 1879, and is treasurer of Wilmore Realty Company, 
New York City. He was a member of the Board of 
Freeholders of Bergen county from January 1st to 
December 31st, 1915, and was elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 4,233 over Isaac A. Hopper, hig^hest 
Democrat. 

ROY M. ROBINSON. 
(Rep., Englewood.) 

Mr. Robinson was born at Winfield, Kansas, De- 
cember 4th, 1875, and is a lawyer. 

After graduating from the University of Kansas in 
1897, Mr. Robinson came to New York City. He 
graduated from the Columbia Law School in 1900, and 
in that year he was admitted to the New York bar. 
In 1904 he moved to Englewood, N. J. In 1910 he was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar as attorney and in 
1911 as counsellor. He was counsel to the New Jersey 
Commuters' Association, which led the movement that 
resulted in 1911 in the bestowal of rate-making 
powers on the Public Utility Commission of New 
Jersey. He is president of the Englewood City Club; 
vice-president of the Kansas Society of New York, 
and is identified with the Union League Club of 
Bergen County, and other civic organizations. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
3,902 over Isaac A. Hopper, highest Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Glover, 15,232; Robinson, 14,901; 
Winne, 14,972. 

Democrats — Hopper, 10,999; De Turck, 10,948; Cook, 
10,052. 

Socialists — Wilson, 1,229; Hasbrouck, 1,160; Light- 
bowne, 1,116. 

Prohibitionists — Brookins, 584; Chesebro, 545; Du- 
brey, 494. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



Burlington County. 

EMMOR ROBERTS. 
(Rep., Moorestovrn, R. D.) 

Mr. Roberts ^vas born at Moorestown, Burlington 
county, N. J., March 13th, 1890, and is a farmer. He 
is a graduate of Swarthmore College, 1911, and took 
a Cornell Short Course in 1912. He owns a large 
fruit farm, successfully manages three other farms 
and is very scientific and progressive. He is a di- 
rector of the County Board of Agriculture, a member 
of the National Committee of Seed Inspection and 
Certification, and spends winters in lecturing. Mr. 
Roberts is also a member of the Delaware Farmers' 
Institute lecturing staff — 1913, of the New Jersey lec- 
turing staff — 1914-15, and lectures considerably in 
eastern Agricultural Colleges. He is very much in- 
terested in all lines of work that he believes promotes 
the welfare of the people. He was never active in 
politics before his election to the Assembly. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Agriculture and "Ways and Means and as a member 
of the Committees on Militia, Printed Bills and Sana- 
torium for Tuberculous Diseases. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 3,626 over Irven 
Kollo, Democrat. 

1916 — Roberts, Rep., 8,506; Kollo, Dem., 4,880; Brown, 
Pro., 213; Cox, Soc, 210. 



Camden County. 

GARFIELD PANCOAST. 
(Rep., Audubon.) 

Mr. Pancoast was born at Vineland, N. J., December 
6th, 1880. He is engaged in the practice of law, being 
associated with the law firm of Wilson & Carr at 
Camden, N. J. He was graduated from the Vineland 
High School with the class of 1900, and was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in June, 1907, and as a 
counselor in June, 1910. Heretofore he has never held 
public office, but between 1902 and 1905 he served as 



324 BIOGRAPHIES. 

clerk to the Committee on Printed Bills, for two ses- 
sions was Assistant Journal Clerk, and one session 
Assistant Supervisor of Bills of the House of Assembly. 
He is a member of Camden Lodge, No. 293, B. P. O. 
Elks, and Wyoming Tribe, No. 55, Improved Order of 
Red Men and the Haddon Country Club. He was re- 
elected to the Assembly in 1914 by a plurality of 
8,713 over Wescott, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket, and in 1915 was given a third term 
by a plurality of 7,192 over Taylor, Democrat. In 
1916 he was given a fourth term by a plurality of 
6,998 over Homer, the highest Democrat. Last year 
he served on the Committees on Boroughs and Borough 
Commissions, Elections and Revisions of Laws, and 
as a chairman of the Committee on Miscellaneous 
Business. 

CHARLES ANDERSON WOLVERTON. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Wolverton was born in Camden, N. J., October 
24th, 1880, and is a lawyer. He attended the public 
schools of Camden, graduating from Camden Manual 
Training and High School, June 24th 1897; studied 
law in the office of Thomas E. French, Esquire, 
Camden, and at the University of Pennsylvania Law 
School, graduating from the same June 13th, 1900, 
with degree of LL.B.; was admitted to the bar as 
attorney November Term, 1901, and as counsellor, Feb- 
ruary Term, 1907. He is associated in the practice 
of law with Joseph Kaighn of Moorestown, N. J., 
under the firm name of Kaighn & Wolverton, with 
offices at Camden. Mr. Wolverton in 1903 revised and 
compiled the ordinances of the city of Camden; 1904 
to 1906 w^as assistant city solicitor of Camden; 1906 
to 1913 was assistant prosecutor of Camden county 
under Henry S. Scovel (Republican), and his successor, 
Hon. William T. Boyle (Democrat); and from 1913 to 
1914 was special assistant prosecutor of Atlantic 
county, acting under former Attorney-General Edmund 
Wilson and Prosecutor Charles S. Moore, by assign- 
ment of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Kalisch, for 
the trial of certain Elisor Grand Jury indictments. 

He is Past Master, Ionic Lodge, No. 94, F. & A. M. ; 
also member of Excelsior Consistory, 32d Degree, An- 



BIOGRAPHIES.. 325 

cient Accepted Scottish Rite; Siloam Chapter, No. 19, 
R. A. M.; Cyrene Commandery, No. 7, Knights Temp- 
lar; Van Hook Conncil, No. 8, R. & S. M. ; Lu Lu 
Temple, Mystic Shrink, Phila., Pa,; Camden Forest, 
No. 5, Tall Cedars of Lebanon, and of the Board of 
Directors of Central Y. M. C. A., Camden, 

Mr. Wolverton was elected to a third term by a 
plurality of 8,181 over Homer, the highest Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Banking- and Insurance and as a member of the 
Committees on Railroads and Canals, Bill Revision 
and Treasurer's Accounts. 

RALPH NEWTON KELLAM. 
(Rep., Merchantville.) 

Mr. Kellam was born in Philadelphia, Pa., November 
16th, 1878, and is a counsellor-at-law of New Jersey 
and Philadelphia. He was educated in public schools 
of Camden and Friends Central School of Philadelphia, 
and was graduated from the College Department Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in 1900 with degree of 
Bachelor of Science, and from the Law School Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in 1903 with degree of Bache- 
lor of Laws. He was admitted to the bar of Phila- 
delphia county in June, 1903. In November, 1906, he 
was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney 
and three years later as a counsellor-at-law. He 
practices law in Philadelphia and Camden. He is 
solicitor of the County Building and Loan Association 
and the "Westmont Building and Loan Association, and 
a director of the Economy Building and Loan Associa- 
tion. He has been Solicitor for the Board of Health 
of the Borough of Collingswood since 1910. 

He is a member of the Board of Managers of the 
New Jersey Society of the Sons of the Revolution; 
of Camden Lodge No. 293, B. P, O. E. ; of the Law 
Association of the City of Philadelphia, and of the 
Law Academy of City of Philadelphia. He belongs 
to the University Club of Philadelphia and the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon Club of New York. He was a member 
of the Board of Education, borough of Haddonfield, 
from 1905 to 1908, and a member of Camden County 
Republican Executive Committee from borough of 
Merchantville, 1915, 1916, 1917. 



326 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Kellam was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 7,403 over Homer, the highest Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Wolverton, 18,132; Pancoast, 16,949; 
Kellam, 17,354. 

Democrats — Homer, 9,951; Kirk, 9,786; Driver, 
9,596. 

Socialists — Curry, 1,434; Lindset, 1,380; Whitley, 
1,472. 

Prohibitionists — Bowden, 1,345; Heinrich, 908; Hol- 
combe, 952. 



Cape May. 

CORSVILLE EDMUNDS STILLE. 
(Rep., Tuckahoe.) 

Mr. Stille v^as born at Millville, N. J., December 15th, 
1876, and at present is engaged in farming. He is 
the son of Capt. William Stille. His early days were 
spent on a farm at Tuckahoe, N. J., where he received 
his education at the public schools. At the age of 
fourteen he went in the Baldwin Locomotive Works, 
Philadelphia, to learn the trade of a machinist, and 
on its completion entered a business career of ten 
years duration, when he held the position of manager 
of the American Bicycle Company at Washington, 
D. C, and later, after the failure of that firm, repre- 
sented a large w^holesale hardware firm in the State 
of New Jersey, which he was, at the age of twenty- 
nine, forced to relinquish on account of ill health. 
He purchased a farm at Tuckahoe and at present is 
considered a proficient and studious agriculturist. 

He comes of a staunch Republican family, and at 
the age of twenty-two was chosen secretary of the 
County Executive Committee. He was a member of 
the Assembly in 1907, '08, '09. In 1916 he was again 
elected and by a plurality of 288 over Howell, Jr., 
Democrat. 

1916 — Stille, Rep., 2,452; Howell, Jr., Dem., 2,164; 
Reeves, Pro., 117. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 327 



Cumberland County. 

RAYMOND SHEPPARD. 
(Rep., Haleyville.) 

Mr. Sheppard was born in Haleyville, Cumberland 
county, June 22d, 1875, and is a j^randson of the late 
Captain Allen Sheppard. He rc-ceived his education in 
the public schools of his native village. A short time 
after leaving school he stalled farming on the modern 
system, and at the prese:. l time is successful. He is a 
member of the Board of Education of Commercial 
township. He is an enthusiastic worker in a number 
of fraternal and social orders, having been a presiding 
ofRcer for one or more terms of Neptune, No. 75, F. 
and A. M., Mauricetown; Richmond Chapter, No. 20, 
R. A. M., of Millville, and Olivet Commandery, No. 10, 
K. T., of Millville. He is a member of Crescent Temple, 
Mystic Shrine, O. A. O. N. M. S., of Trenton, N. J.; 
P. G. T. C, of Bridgeton Forest, No. 7, and of Supreme 
Tall Cedars of Lebanon. He is past grand of Aerial 
Lodge, No. 56, of Mauricetown I. O. O. F., having 
served two terms as district deputy of this order, with 
credit to himself and an advantage to the lodges. He 
was elected for a fourth term in 1916 by a plurality 
of 2,278 over Dougherty, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Stationery, and as a member of the Committees 
on Corporations, Game and Fish, School for Deaf 
Mutes and Railroads and Canals. 

1916 — Sheppard, Rep., 4,982; Dougherty, Dem., 2,704; 
Burgin, Soc, 370; Eames, Pro., 1,000. 



Essex County. 

HERBERT J. BUEHLER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. BuehJer was born in Newark, N. J., November 
18th, 1884, and has resided there all his life. He is 
in the manufacturing business, being a partner of 
the firm of Buehler Bros., manufacturers of chocolate 



328 BIOGRAPHIES. 

pudding and jelly powder, which is located in Newark, 
N. J. He received his education in the public schools 
of Newark, and the New Jersey Business College. 
He is a meiTjber of Pythagoras Lodge No. 118, F. & 
A. M., and Henry Clay Council, Jr. O. U. A. M. No. 95. 
This is the first time he has held public office. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 21,043 over Headley, the highest Democrat, 

Last year he served on the Committees on Passed 
Bills, Social Welfare, Federal Relations, Ways and 
Means and Reform School for Boys, 

SEYMOUR PARKER GILBERT. 
(Rep., Bloomfield.) 

Mr. Gilbert was born at Bloomfield, N. J., September 
14th, 1864, and is in the real estate business. He 
was educated in the public schools of his native 
town and graduated from New York Law School in 
1906. He was elected four times a member of the 
Town Committee of Bloomfield, 1890-'97, and was 
chairman, 1891-'92; was a member of the Board of 
Assessors four years, 1900-'04; elected a member of 
the small Board of Freeholders in 1911 for two 
years, and on the expiration of his term as Health 
Commissioner in January, 1915, had served twenty- 
five years on that Board, having been health officer 
about ten years, from April, 1897, to August, 1906. 
He is also a member of the Board of Trade and 
chairman of its Legislative Committee for some 
years; is president of the East Side Improvement 
Association of Bloomfield, the Essex H. and L. Com- 
pany, No. 1, and for ten years of the Exempt Fire- 
men's Association of Bloomfield. Mr, Gilbert was 
elected to a third term by a plurality of 16,944 over 
Headley, the highest Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Highways and Public Grounds and Buildings, and 
as a member of the Committees on Militia and Sta- 
tionery, 

HARRY D, JOHNSON. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr, Johnson was born in Newark, N. J., April 22d, 
1866, and is a steamfitter by trade. He received his 



BIOGRAPHIES. 329 

education in the public schools of Newark and had 
a course through business college. He is a member 
of Essex Council, No. 161, Jr. O. U. A. M., Newark 
Lodge of Elks, No. 21, and Newark Aerie, No. 44, 
F. O. of E. Mr. Johnson has always been a Republi- 
can and a worker for his party. Heretofore he has 
held no public office. Mr. Johnson was elected to a 
third term by a plurality of 20,949 over Headley, the 
highest Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Printed Bills, and on the Committees on Unfinished 
Business and New Jersey Reformatory. 

EDWARD SCHOEN. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Schoen was born in New York City May 23d, 
1881, and is a lawyer. He is the son of Leopold C. and 
Hanna Schoen, residents of Newark; is married and 
has one son, Ivan Lewis Schoen. He was graduated 
from the Newark Public Schools; holds degree of 
LL.B. from New York Law School, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated in 1903; was admitted to 
the bar of New Jersey in November, 1902, the high 
man of those admitted at that term, and as a counselor 
in 1905; has practiced law in Newark since admission 
to the bar; practice largely trial work. Mr. Schoen 
was a member and vice-president of the Board of 
Education of the city of Newark two years. He was 
elected to a third term by a plurality of 20,936 over 
Headley, the highest Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Elections, and on the Committees on Municipal 
Corporations, Social Welfare and Girls Home. 

EUGENE TUTTLE SCUDDER 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Scudder was born at East Orange, N. J., August 
1st, 1889, and is in the automobile business in Broad- 
way, New York City, being the junior member of the 
firm of Cook & Macconnell. His education was ob- 
tained under private tuition until he was prepared 
at Dwights' for Columbia College. He is a member 
of the Order of Free and Accepted Masons, and resides 



330 BIOGRAPHIES. 

with his parents, Benjamin Norton and Belle Tuttle 
Scudder, at 27 East Park street, Newark, N, J. 

He was elected to a third term by a plurality of 
20,556 over Headley, the highest Democrat. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Claims 
and Pensions, Corporations, Miscellaneous Business 
and Sinking Fund. 

THEODORE JOHNSON BADGLEY. 
(Rep., Montclair.) 

Mr. Badgley was born in Hampton, Carter county. 
East Tennessee, September 16th, 1871, and is a lawyer. 
He received his education in the public schools of 
Maryland, North Carolina and Tennessee and the Uni- 
versity of Tennessee and studied law in the office of 
his father, Alfred S. Badgley, at Montclair, N. J.; 
was admitted as an attorney, November term, 1899; 
as counsellor, November term, 1902, and as an at- 
torney and counsellor of the Supreme Court of the 
United States, January 27th, 1908, and is a member 
of the law firm of Riker & Riker, Newark, N. J. He 
is a Past Master of Montclair Lodge No. 144, F. & A. 
M. ; New Jersey Consistory, 32d Degree Ancient Ac- 
cepted Scottish Rite; Salaam Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine; Past Regent Montclair Council No. 421, of 
the Royal Arcanum, and Past Exalted Ruler Montclair 
Lodge No. 891, B. P. O. Elks. Mr. Badgley is First 
Deputy Governor of the "Society of the Descendants 
of the First Settlers in the Passaic Valley," being a 
descendant of James Badgley, who settled at or near 
Elizabeth, N. J., in 1737. In politics he has always 
been a Republican. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
21,236 over Headley, the highest Democrat. 

DUDLEY BRAMHALL. 
(Rep., South Orange.) 

Mr. Bramhall was born in East Orange, August 10th. 
1885, and is in the wholesale dry goods business. This 
is the first time he has held public office. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 17,200 over 
Headley, the highest Democrat. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 331 

GEORGE WELLINGTON KEATING. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Dr. Keating- was born in Paterson, N. J., August 
20th, 1887, and is a dentist. He never held public 
office before. He is a graduate of public and high 
schools of Paterson and of Mac Chesney's Preparatory 
School. He entered the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons and graduated in the Dental Department; 
is a member of Eureka Lodge of the Order of Free 
and Accepted Masons, also a member of the Tall 
Cedars of Lebanon, and Dental Fraternity of Psi 
Omega. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
20,968 over Headley, the highest Democrat. 

CHARLES A. LE MASTER. 
(Rep., Orange.) 

Mr. Le Master was born at Miami, Miami county, 
Indiana, May 27th, 1877, and is the fourth son of 
Abraham and Nancy (Cunningham) Le Master. He 
received his early education in the public schools of 
his native state and afterward attended Marion Col- 
lege and the Tri-State College, being graduated by 
the latter institution in 1896. He chose teaching as 
a profession and began his work at McGrawsville, 
Indiana, at the age of seventeen. He taught in the 
public schools of Indiana for five years, and was then 
engaged as principal of a school in Cincinnati, where 
he remained until 1904, when he came to New Jersey 
and located in Orange. He founded the Le Master 
Institute, a preparatory school, of which institution 
he is president and director. 

Mr. Le Master has been active in civic and local 
political affairs since coming to New Jersey, being 
twice elected (1908-1911, 1911-1914) a member of the 
Common Council of the city of Orange. He is a 
member of Corinthian Lodge No. 57, F. & A. M. of 
Orange; Orange Chapter No. 23, R. A. M. ; Lafayette 
Lodge No. 12, I. O. O. F. of Orange; Hercules Lodg-e 
No. 27, K. of P., Peru, Indiana; Orange Council No, 
156, Jr. O. U. A. M.; The Rotary Club of the Oranges 
and the Republican Club of Orange. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
20,677 over Headley, the highest Democrat. 



332 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ANDREW NAIRN MAC KINNON. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Mac Kinnon was born in Scotland, September 
28th, 1859, and is a house decorator. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 20,446 over Headley, 
the highest Democrat. 

SAMUEL PRESS. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Press is in the thirty-second year of his age; 
was brought up in the city of Newark, and is a 
lawyer, being the senior member of the firm of Press 
& Press, with offices at 20 Clinton street, that city. 
He is a graduate of the Newark Public Schools, in- 
cluding the High School, and studied law at the New 
York Law School, from which school he was graduated 
in 1906. After that he read law in the office of 
Samuel Kalisch, now a Supreme Court Justice. He 
was admitted as an attorney in 1907 and as a coun- 
sellor in 1910. 

Mr. Press was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 20,630 over Headley, the highest Democrat. 

GUSTAVE C. WOLBER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Wolber was born in Newark, New Jersey, August 
19th, 1885, and has been a resident thereof ever since. 
He is treasurer of the C. "Wolber Co., Printers, of 
Newark. He was educated in the public and private 
schools of Newark and the Coleman Business College. 
Heretofore he has held no public office. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
17,394 over Headlej'-, the highest Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Badgley, 51,743; Bramhall, 47,707; 
Buehler, 51,550; Gilbert, 47,451; Johnson, 51,456; Keat- 
ing, 51,475; Le Master, 51,184; Mac Kinnon, 50,953; 
Press, 51,137; Schoen, 51,443; Scudder, 51,063; Wolber, 
47,901. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 333 

Democrats — Caffrey, 27,306; Conway, 27,183; Egan, 
27,391; Torlinza, 26,657; Freund, 27,271; Headley, 30,- 
507; Judge, 27,036; Laddy, 30,473; Mac Brair, 29,827; 
Siegler, 27,361; Soemer, 26,939; Welch, 26,860. 

Socialists — Blythe, 3,777; Burns, 3,867; Denzer, 3,775 
Eyreck, 3,738; Gravath, 3,628; Klein, 3,868; Mintharul 
3,653; Nieland, 3,717; O'Leary, 3,720; Bosenkranz 
3,731; Schmidt, 3,827; Waring, 3,619. 

Prohibitionists — Anderson, 1,533; Gary, 1,353; Far- 
rington, 1,302; Husk, 1,283; Jansky, 1,169; Linney, 
1,201; Pollitt, 1,165; Roll, 1,225; Ryerson, 1,237; Sel- 
lick, 1,227; Simmons, 1,238; Smith, 1,289. 



Gloucester County. 

OLIVER J. WEST. 
(Rep., Bridgeport.) 

Mr. West is a native of Gloucester county and was 
born near Bridgeport, July 22d, 1881. He is the son 
of Hon. James West, a prominent farmer, and who 
was a member of the Assembly 1888-'90. His edu- 
cation was obtained in the schools of Logan township 
and in Philadelphia. He is an active Republican 
and an earnest advocate of the advancement of agri- 
culture. 

Fraternally, Mr. West is a Mason, Knight of Pythias, 
Elk, Moose, member of Tall Cedars of Lebanon and 
a Granger. 

In 1914, Mr. West was re-elected by the largest 
majority ever given in Gloucester county, being 1,930 
over Porch, Democrat. He was given a third term 
in 1915 by a plurality of 1,828 over the same Demo- 
cratic opponent. In 1916 he was elected to a fourth 
term by a plurality of 2,149 over Shoemaker, Demo- 
crat. Last year he served as chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Municipal Corporations, and as a member 
of the Committees on Taxation, State Library, Sink- 
ing Fund and Unfinished Business. 

1916 — West, Rep., 4,795; Shoemaker, Dem., 2,646; 
Underwood, Pro., 1,093; Wittman, Soc, 171. 



334 BIOGRAPHIES. 



Hudson County. 

TIMOTHY FRANCIS AARON. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Aaron was born in London, England, in 1855, 
and follows the business of a letterer and designer. 
He came to New York from England when eighteen 
months old and in 1890 settled in Jersey City and still 
resides in the Greenville section. He was graduated 
from a public school in New York City, also from the 
Christian Brothers Transfiguration R. C. School. He 
is Past Chief Ranger, Court Sherwood No. 151, F. of 
A. He worked in different law offices as a boy for 
three years, but being somewhat of a genius- for let- 
tering, it appealed to him more than the law business, 
so he adopted it as a profession. He worked for 
C. R. R. of N. J. sixteen years as a letterer, and still 
continues the sign business. Last year he served on 
the Committees on Public Health, Sanatorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases and State Prison. He was re- 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 4,889 over 
Hendrickson, the highest Republican candidate. 

JOHN J. DUGAN. 
(Dem., Bayonne.) 

Mr. Dugan was born in Bayonne, March 25th, 1887, 
and is in the real estate business. He was re-elected 
to the House of Assembly by a plurality of 5,540 over 
Hendrickson, the highest Republican candidate. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Com- 
merce and Navigation and State Home for Boys. 

CHARLES H. FELTEN. 
(Dem., West Hoboken.) 

Mr. Felten was born in New York, December 28th, 
1879, and is a Web pressman. He is standard bearer 
of Charles H. Felten Association, president of the 
Hudson Country Central Labor Union, an organizer 
of the American Federation of Labor, a member of 
Hoboken Lodge, B. P. O. E., No. 74; of Hoboken 
Lodge, F. O. E., No. 603, and of the Web Pressmen's 
Union No. 34. Mr. Felten was re-elected to the As- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 335 

sembly by a plurality of 4,636 over Hendrickson, the 
highest Republican candidate. Last year he served 
on the Committees on Riparian Rights, "Ways and 
Means and Treasurer's Accounts. 

ALLAN WILLIAM MOORE. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Moore was born in Chicago, 111., August 24th, 
1888, and is a lawyer. In 1900 he was graduated from 
No. 2 School in Hoboken; went to the Hoboken 
High School for three years, 1900-1903, and then at- 
tended St. Francis Xaviers College in New York. Upon 
completing the preparatory school course there he en- 
gaged in the real estate business with Charles R. 
Faruolo, at No. 45 E. Houston street. New fork, in 
1905. He remained there about four years and during 
the last two years studied law at Fordham Law School, 
finishing in 1909. He took a post-graduate course at 
the New Jersey Law School, finishing and graduating 
in 1910. He studied law with Ex-Senator Wm. D. 
Edwards in Jersey City, and was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney in 1911, and as a counselor-at-law 
in June, 1914, when he was appointed a Master in Chan- 
cery. He has law offices at No. 1 Exchange Place, Jer- 
sey City. He was counsel to the Hoboken Board of 
Health from June, 1912, to June, 1914; president of 
the Hoboken Democratic Club for three years from 
1908 to 1911. He has lived in the fifth ward, Hoboken, 
twenty-six years. 

Mr. Moore was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 5,640 over Hendrickson, the highest Re- 
publican candidate. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Taxation, 
Printing and Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases. 

ULYSSES G. BORDEN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Borden was born at Yardley, Pa., August 25th, 
1876, and is a paper importer. He moved from Yard- 
ley to New York in 1898 and entered the employ of 
a large paper house; he w^as one of the promoters 
and organizers of the Rhineland Import Paper Co., 
which was incorporated in the State of New York, 
February 11th, 1910, of which he became secretary, 



336 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and in March, 1914, purchased the shares of two of 
the stockholders and was elected secretary-treasurer. 
He was a member of the Board of Aldermen, Jersey 
City, 1908-1912, and of the House of Assembly in 
1915. He was elected to the Assembly of 1917 by a 
plurality of 5,707 over Hendrickson, the highest Re- 
publican candidate. 

CHARLES CLEMENT COLGAN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Colgan was born in Jersey City, August 18th, 
1889, and is a lawyer. He attended and graduated 
from Public School No. 9, in Jersey City; attended 
Jersey City Higla School, Stevens School in Hoboken 
and New York Law School, taking a two-year course, 
and studied law with the firm of Hartshorne, Insley 
& Leake, Jersey City. He was admitted as an at- 
torney at the February term, 1913, and as a counsellor 
at the June term, 1916. He is a member of Hudson 
Council, Knights of Columbus; John P. Egan Asso- 
ciation; St. Bridget's Lyceum and St. Peter's Club. 
In 1915 he was a member of the Assembly and was 
elected to the 1917 House by a plurality of 5,576, 
over Hendrickson, the highest Republican candidate. 

FRANK A. DOLAN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Dolan was born in Jersey City, June 25th, 1887, 
and is confidential secretary to the supervisor of the 
county of Hudson. He was educated at St. Bridget's 
R. C. Grammar and Commercial School of Jersey City. 
He is active in fraternal, social and political organi- 
zations; is District Deputy Supreme Knight, Chair- 
man of Columbus Chapter and Past Grand Knight of 
Hudson C6uncil No. 1,240, Knights of Columbus; Dic- 
tator of Jersey City Lodge No. 266, Loyal Order of 
Moose; Treasurer of Division No. 24, A. O. H. ; Sec- 
retary of Columbian Building Association; Past Presi- 
dent of St. Joseph's H. N. S.; Director of Sip Building 
and Loan Association, and member of Shepherd's 
Guide Lodge No. 41, O. of S. of B.; John P. Egan 
Association, Ninth Ward Reg. Democratic Club; St. 
Aedan's H. N. S. ; Commercial Travelers' Association 
of America and St. Peter's Club. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 337 

In 1914 he was elected to the Assembly and again 
in 1916 by a plurality of 4,132 over Hendrickson, the 
highest Republican candidate. 

DENIS GALLAGHER, JR. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Gallagher was born in Jersey City, November 
4th, 1894, and is in the insurance business. He at- 
tended the Jersey City High School and later St. 
Petei^s College, and is now completing his senior 
year at the New Jersey Law School. He is a member 
of the Knights of Colmubus. He is the youngest 
member of the Legislature, and was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 5,325 over Hendrickson, 
the highest Republican candidate. 

JOSEPH FRANCIS HURLEY. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Hurley was born in New York City, September 
4th, 1891, and is assistant buyer of knit goods for 
Saks and Company, of that city. He attended Public 
School No. 24, Jersey City until he was fourteen years 
of age, when he had to leave to share the battle of 
life, his father having died when the son was only 
a year old. He has lived in the eighth ward, Jersey 
City, twenty-four years. He is serving his third 
year as a member of the Hudson County Democratic 
Committee. Mr. Hurley was a candidate for member 
of the Board of Aldermen in 1912, and came out second, 
with four candidates in the field, casting his first 
vote on the day of election. He is a Past Chief 
Ranger of Court, Jersey City No. 3, Foresters of 
America. He was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 5,340 over Hendrickson, the highest Re- 
publican candidate. 

WILLIAM JOSEPH McGOVERN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. McGovern was born in Jersey City, May 30th, 
1893, and is a traveling salesman. He is the second 
youngest member of the Legislature and was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 5,969 over Hen- 
drickson, the highest Republican candidate, and led 
the Assembly ticket. 
22 



33» BIOGRAPHIES. 

JACOB JAY SINGER. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Singer was born in New York City, September 
9th, 1887, and is a lawyer. He is a son of Marcus 
Singer, a banker of Jersey City and Mina Singer. 
He came to Jersey City when but two years of age 
and has resided in the first ward of said city ever 
since; was graduated from the old Public School No. 
1, Jersey City, and afterwards completed his course 
at the Jersey City High School; then attended New 
York Law School, from which he was graduated. He 
w^as a law student in the offices of Hudspeth & Gary, 
Jersey City, and was admitted to the bar in New 
Jersey, February, 1909. He is a member of many 
fraternal and social organizations. During the Wil- 
son presidential campaign of 1912 he was sent to 
Buffalo as a National campaign speaker. Mr. Singer 
was a member of the Assembly in 1915 and was 
elected to the 1917 Assembly by a plurality of 5,673 
over Hendrickson, the highest Republican candidate. 

THEODORE TAISTRA. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Taistra was born in Cracow, Austria, January 
21st, 1888, and is a special representative for Eisner 
and Amend, chemical dealers, New York City. When 
but three years old his parents emigrated to this 
country and settled in Hoboken and have lived there 
ever since. He was educated in the Hoboken schools, 
and was graduated in 1906. He took a special course 
in chemistry under Dr. Thomas B. Stillman, at Stevens' 
Institute, for one year. During the past six years 
he has been connected with Eisner and Amend in 
the capacity of special traveling representative. In 
1915 he was appointed a member of the Board of 
Education of Hoboken for a three-year term. He 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 3,950 
over Hendrickson, the highest Republican candidate. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Democrats— Aaron, 41,652; Borderf, 42.470; Colgan, 
42,339; Dolan, 41,895; Dugan, 42,303; Felten, 41,399; 
Gallagher, Jr., 42,088; Hurley, 42,103; McGovern, 42,- 
732; Moore, 42,403; Singer, 42,436; Taistra, 40,713. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 339 

Republicans — Aadnesen, 33,980; Harloff, 34,733; Har- 
vey, 34,859; Hendrickson, 36,763; Lincks, 34,812; Lud- 
wig-, 34,947; Mayberry, 34,596; Safyer, 34,539; Temple- 
son, 34,752; Van Buskirk, 34,694; Van Deren, 34,274; 
G. D, Wilson, 34,132. 

Socialists — Bauer, 3,143; Freund, 3,026; Greiner, 
3,000; Larson, 2,950; Leemans, 2,910; Meyer, 3,045; 
Neebuhr, 2,915; Phillipp, 2,895; Pitcher, 2,820; Schwab, 
2,919; Schwarting-, 2,850; Otto Wilson, 2,840. 

Prohibitionists — Adams, 732; Black, 573; Byl, 386 
Dilts, 416; Emery, 425; Johnson, 599; Knox, 471 
Meyer, 456; Patton, 337; Randall, 373; Smith, 350 
Taylor, 353. 



Hunterdon County. 

REV. HARRY J. lOBST. 
(Dem., Cokesbury.) 

Mr. lobst was born at Emaus, Pa., August 11th, 
1877, and Is a minister of the Gospel, Methodist Epis- 
copal. He spent twelve years on the Reading Rail- 
way as messenger boy, telegraph operator, ticket 
agent and train dispatcher. While engaged in railroad 
work he was staff correspondent on Reading, Penna., 
"Daily Eagle" for nine years. During this period he 
also studied law and theology. Later he graduated 
from the Drew Theological Seminary, after studying 
with Taylor University. From his youth he has taken 
part in public affairs. He has always interested him- 
self in the spiritual, mental, physical and civic wel- 
fare of his country. Although having a large parish 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church, belonging to the 
Newark Conference, he takes time to interest himself 
in the affairs of his country. He is well known and 
has hosts of friends who admire him for his religious 
as well as political convictions. He is a son of a 
veteran. His father, John Z. lobst, was leader of 
the 104th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers in the 
Civil War. His brother served five years in the Philip- 
pine Islands. Mrs. lobst is a daughter of Rev. H. U. 
Sebring- of Philadelphia Conference. He has one 
daughter, Josephine. 

In 1914, Mr. lobst received a majority of 1,555 as 
Assemblyman from Hunterdon on the Democratic 
ticket, and in 1915 he was re-elected by a plurality 



340 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of 1,671 over Dilley, Republican, and in 1916 he was 
given another term by a plurality of 908 over Mc- 
Mullen, Republican. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Social Welfare, State Library, Clerg-y, 
Education and Public Grounds and Buildings. 

1916— lobst, Dem., 3,980; McMullen, Rep., 3,072; Mil- 
ler, Pro., 100. 



Mercer County. 

A. DAYTON OLIPHANT. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Oliphant was born in Trenton, October 28th, 
1887, and is a lawyer. He is a son of Henry D. Oli- 
phant, for many years clerk of the United States 
Circuit Court, and a grandnephew of William L. 
Dayton, the first Republican candidate for Vice-Presi- 
dent of the United States. He studied law with 
Samuel D. Oliphant, and after attending Princeton 
University and the Law School of the University of 
Pennsylvania was admitted to the bar as an attorney 
in November, 1911, and as a counsellor in June, 1916. 
He is a member of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity, 
and for four years has been treasurer of the Mercer 
County Bar Association. Prom 1913 he has served 
continuously as secretary of the Mercer County Re- 
publican and Executive Committees. He is Solicitor 
of Pennington borough, and a member of the Masonic 
Fraternity, Sons of Veterans and Patriotic Order Sons 
of America. He is serving his third term in the 
House and was re-elected to the Assembly for a 
third term by a plurality of 3,700 over Rudolph L. 
Marshall, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Militia, and as a member of the Committees on 
Appropriations, Stationery, Clergy, Public Printing; 
as chairman of the Special Committee on Military 
Training in the Public Schools and as a member of 
the special committee on Civil Service Investigation. 

JOSIAH T. ALLINSON. 
(Rep., Tardville.) 

Mr. Allinson was born at Yardville, N. J.. April 
19th. 1858, and is a farmer and lives on a two-hundred 



BIOGRAPHIES. 341 

acre farm in Hamilton township, Mercer county. He 
was educated at a private school at Crosswicks, a 
Friends' Boarding School at Westtown, Pa., and the 
State Model School, Trenton. He also attended the 
Bryant & Stratton's Business College in Philadelphia. 
He took a course in sanitary engineering and mechani- 
cal drawing at Franklin Institute. 

After serving as Commissioner of Appeals, Mr. Al- 
linson was elected assessor of Hamilton township. 
Not only did he make many friends while in the latter 
ofnce, but. raised the ratables over $1,000,000. For 
more than fifteen years Mr. Allinson has been in- 
terested in grange work and served as secretary six 
years and master one year of Hamilton grange. For 
six years he was secretary of Mercer County Pomona 
Grange. 

He was president of the Mercer County Board of 
Agriculture seven years and was the moving spirit 
in the establishment of the Mercer County Farm 
Bureau and was its first president. He is serving 
his third year on the board of managers of the New 
Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station at New Bruns- 
wick. In 1909 he was appointed by the governor on 
a committee to report to the Legislature on the Fish 
and Game laws. He served three years on the Fi- 
nance Committee of the New Jersey State Grange. 

Mr. Allinson was an active member of the Young 
Republican Campaigning Club and is a member of 
the present Republican Club, also a member of Fra- 
ternal Lodge No. 139, F. & A, M.; Trenton Forest, 
Tall Cedars of Lebanon, and a charter member of 
Rutland, Vt., Lodge No. 345, B. P. O. E. Last year 
he served on the Committees on Agriculture, Com- 
merce and Navigation, Printed Bills, State Home for 
Boys, and State Home for Girls. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 2,403 over Rudolph L. Marshall, Democrat. 

CLINTON H. READ. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Dr. Read was born at Wattsburg, Pa., November 
30th, 1865, and is a physician, and was formerly a 
druggist. With his parents he removed to Williams- 
town, N. J., when three years old. He was educated 



342 BIOGRAPHIES. 

in the public schools of that town. He learned the 
drug business in Philadelphia in which he engaged in 
his native place. He was graduated in medicine in 
1893 at the Medico Chirurgical College, Philadelphia, 
and then located and practiced at Tullytown, Pa., in 
1894. He removed to Trenton in 1903 where he has 
followed his profession to the present time. The 
doctor was a member of Tullytown, Pa., council from 
1894-1902; the last two years being president, and 
also a member of the Bucks County Board of Pension 
Elxaminers, acting as secretary of same 1895-1903. He 
was postmaster under President Harrison in Williams- 
town, N. J., 1889-1893. 

He was elected to the House of Assembly by a 
plurality of 1,891 over Rudolph L. Marshall, Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Oliphant, 13,407; Allinson, 12,110; 
Read, 11,598. 

Democrats — Marshall, 9,707; Bredenbek, 8,179; 
Phillips, Jr.. 8,080. 

Socialists — Spair, 1,150; Bailey, 613; Buck, 606. 

Prohibitionists — Case, 437; Cook, 344; Housel, 324. 



Middlesex County. 

GEORGE S. APPLEGATE. 
(Rep., South River.) 

Mr. Applegate was born at South River, N. J., July 
3d, 1874, and is a representative of the Metropolitan 
Life Insurance Company, having served in that ca- 
pacity eighteen years. He was elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 579 over George F. Baier, 
the highest Democrat. 

JAMES A. EDGAR. 
(Rep., New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Edgar was born in Hoboken, N. J., January 
28th, 1870, and is in the real estate and insurance 
business. He was educated in the public schools. In 
his early manhood he studied political questions care- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 343 

fully and became a member of the Republican party. 
In January, 1892, he enlisted as a private in the 
Second Brig^ade Signal Corps, National Guard, New 
Jersey, and served five years. For ten years he 
served as a member of the Board of Directors of the 
Young Men's Christian Association of New Bruns- 
wick. He was a member of the Board of Education 
of Highland Park three years, and until March, 1916, 
and was president of that body the last two years. 

He is a director and secretary of the Highland Park 
Building and Loan Association, and a member of 
Palestine Lodge No. Ill, F. & A. M. ; of Washington 
Camp No. 51, P. O. S. of A., both of New Brunswick, 
and is Secretary of the Middlesex Automobile Club. 

Mr. Edgar was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 161 over George F. Baier, highest Democrat. 

FREDERICK C. SCHNEIDER. , 
(Rep., New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Schneider was born in Kansas, December 11th, 
1879. He is a civil engineer and also a constructing 
engineer, and was engaged in the former capacity for 
the city of New Brunswick from 1905 to 1914. He 
is a member of the Advisory Water Commission of 
New Brunswick and also of the Sewage Commission 
of the same city. 

Mr. Schneider is a graduate of the New Brunswick 
High School, 1899, and also of Rutgers College, 1903, 
civil engineering course. He was instructor at 
Trinity College, North Carolina, 1904-05. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
468 over Baier, the highest Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Applegate, 10,282; Edgar, 9,864; 
Schneider, 10,171. 

Democrats — Anderson, 9,691; Baier, 9,703; Galvin, 
8,983. 

Socialists — Brendel, 362; Wheat, 318; Shupe, 287. 

Prohibitionists — Cobb, 392; Wright, 408; Williams, 
233. 



344 BTOGKAFMiES. 



3Ioninoii<Ii County. 

HARRY G. VAN NOTE. 
(Dem., Oakhurst.) 

Mr. Van Note was born at Oakhurst, N, J., March 
19th, 1872, and is in the contracting-, painting and 
decorating business, and also a fire insurance agent. 
He was formerly a freight and baggage agent at 
Elberon for the N. Y. & L. B. Railroad Company. 
He was educated in the Oakhurst Grammar and Long 
Branch High Schools; was assessor of taxes in Ocean 
township from January 1st, 1905, to January 1st, 1913; 
was appointed July 1st, 1914, district clerk Board of 
Education, Ocean township; was secretary to the Ocean 
township Board of Health seven years, from July Isl, 
1907, and at present is secretary of the Monmouth 
County Mosquito Extermination Commission, having 
been appointed August 1st, 1911. He served as clerk 
to the Committee on Municipal Corporations of the 
House of Assembly in 1913, and was bill clerk in 1914. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly for a third term 
by a plurality of 515 over Frank E. Price, the highest 
Republican. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Labor 
and Industries, Stationery and Soldiers' Home. 

ELMER HENDRICKSON GERAN. 
(Dem., Matawan.) 

Mr. Geran was born at Matawan, N. J., October 
24th, 1875, and is a lawyer. He was graduated from 
Glenwood Military Institute at Matawan in 1892, and 
attended Peddie Institute at Hightstown from 1893 
until 1895, where he was also graduated. In the 
fall of 1895 he entered Princeton College, and was 
g-raduated from Princeton University in the class of 
1899. He attended the New York Law School from 
1899 to 1901, and was a student in the law office 
of Collins & Corbin, Jersey City, during- that time, 
and was admitted to the bar in the latter year. He 
remained in that office until 1904 and then opened 
law offices for himself in Jersey City and at Matawan, 
and has been practicing at those places ever since. 
He was attorney for the borough of Matawan, 1908, 
1909, was a member of the Assembly in 1911, 1912, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 345 

and was sponsor for the Geran Election law. He 
was appointed a member of the State Water-Supply 
Commission by Governor Wilson in 1912 for a term 
of five years, and resigned that office in 1915. He 
is Assistant Prosecutor of Monmouth county. He 
was re-elected to the Assembly in 1916 by a plurality 
of 793 over Frank E. Price, higrhest Republican. He 
was minority leader in the session of 1916. He served 
on the Committees on Judiciary, Sinking Fund and 
Treasurer's Accounts. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Democrats — Van Note, 9,852; Geran, 10,130. 
Republicans — Price, 9,337; Vredenburgh, 9,313. 
Prohibitionists — Taylor, 725; Van Cleaf, Jr., 399. 



Morris County. 

JACOB J. VREELAND. 
(Rep., Dover.) 

Mr. Vreeland was born in Dover, N. J., March 9th, 
1875, and is an architect. He is a direct descendant 
of Michael Jensen Vreeland, who immigrated from 
Holland in 1636 and settled in the Greenville section 
of New Jersey, which is now a part of Jersey City. 
He is the fourth generation of the family born in 
Morris county. He received his early education in 
the private schools of Dr, Halloway and Lucy MaGee, 
and the Public School of Dover; later he took a pre- 
paratory course at the Stevens Preparatory School 
at Hoboken and finished with a special course of 
architecture at the University of Pennsylvania. After 
spending a year in an architect's office in Newark, 
he opened an office in Dover in 1897. From 1898-1901, 
he conducted an office in Jersey City and since that 
time has been steadily engaged in the practice of 
architecture in the town of Dover, where he is still 
practicing making a specialty of schools, churches 
and public buildings. Mr. Vreeland is a public spirited 
citizen, being foremost among that group of men who 
are doing the most for the community of Dover, 
manifesting a willingness at all times to assist in 
local enterprises. He has been a life-long Republican, 



346 BIOGRAPHIES. 

as well as his ancestors before him. He has been a 
member of his local Republican Committee since at- 
taining the age of twenty-one. He organized the 
Central Republican Committee of the town of Dover 
and was its chairman for seven years. He is Past 
Exhalted Ruler of the Dover Lodge No. 782, Benevo- 
lent, Protective Order of Elks, which he organized in 
1902. He is also Patriotic Instructor of James Mc- 
Davit Camp Sons of Veterans, and is also a member 
of a number of other fraternal organizations. He was 
a member of the Dover Board of Education from 
1909 to 1915. 

Mr. Vreeland was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 2,647 over Holland, the highest Democrat, 

ARTHUR WHITNEY. 
(Rep., Mendham.) 

Mr. Whitney was born at Morris Plains, N. J., July 
5th, 1871, and is in the banking business. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 2,825 over 
Holland, the highest Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans — Vreeland, 7,725; Whitney, 7,903. 
Democrats — Holland, 5,078; Conkling, 4,800. 
Prohibitionists — King, 539; Lyon, 625. 
Socialists — Matthews, 369; Stokes, 322. 



Ocean County. 

HARRY T. HAGAMAN. 
(Rep., Lakewood.) 

Mr. Hagaman was born at Toms River, N. J., June 
2d, 1869, and is an editor and publisher. He is son 
of ex-sheriff John Hagaman, of Toms River; has al- 
ways been a Republican, and is a member of a number 
of secret societies. He was Secretary of the Ocean 
County Tax Board for four years. Mr. Hagaman was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 1,217 over 
Benjamin F. Butler, Democrat. 

1916 — Hagaman, Rep., 2,965; Butler, 1,748; Applegate, 
Pro.. 81. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 347 



Passaic County. 

GEORGE H. DALRYMPLE. 
(Rep., Passaic.) 

Mr. Dalrymple was born at Marshall's Corner, now 
Glenmore, Mercer county, New Jersey, August 6th, 
1861. In the year 1876 he moved to Trenton with his 
parents, where he continued to reside until 1892, when 
he left that city to take a position with the Okonite 
Insolated and Wire Company, of Passaic, N. J. Here 
he took up the study of law, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1897. 

Mr. Dalrymple has served Passaic City in various ca- 
pacities. He was School Commissioner for four years, 
1899-1903; represented his county in the Assembly for 
three years, 1903-'05, and was appointed police judge 
January 17th, 1905. This office he held until January 
17th, 1910. 

Mr. Dalrymple has been most active in the charitable 
work of this city. He successfully organized Passaic's 
first playground, worked diligently until the movement 
was assured, and was a valued member and chairman 
of Passaic's Playground Commission, 1910-1913. 

He was induced to run independently in 1913, and 
won his Assembly nomination by an overwhelming 
majority, heading his ticket. His triumph was re- 
peated at the poles on election day, when he was given 
a plurality of 2,415 over Joelson, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. In 1914 he was re-elected 
by the increased plurality of 4,424 over Hinchliffe, 
the highest candidate on the Democratic-Progressive- 
Roosevelt ticket and again in 1915 by the further in- 
creased plurality of 6,607 over John R. Fitzgerald, 
the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. In 
1916 he was again elected by a plurality of 5,836 
over William E. Lewis, highest Democrat. This is 
his seventh year of service as a member of the As- 
sembly and is marked by a fine record for ability, 
industry and alertness. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Boroughs and Borough Commissions and Riparian 
Rights, and as a member of the Committees on Edu- 
cation, Municipal Corporations and Printing. 



348 BIOGRAPHIES. 

EDMUND B. RANDALL. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Randall was born in the city of Paterson, N. J., 
February 12th, 1883, and has always resided there. 
He is the only son of Thomas W. Randall, a well- 
known lawyer of that city. He attended school in 
Paterson until fourteen years of age, w^hen he entered 
Mohegan Lake School, a preparatory school at Peeks- 
kill-on-the-Hudson, where he remained for three years 
and then entered Princeton University, graduating in 
1904. Immediately thereafter he entered the law of- 
fices of the firm of Grouse & Perkins, at Jersey City. 
While connected with that firm he attended the New 
York Law School, from which he graduated in 1907. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar in the June 
term of that year, and immediately began the practice 
of his profession at Paterson. In 1910 he entered into 
a law partnership with Mr. Gustav A. Hunziker, the 
firm being known as Hunziker & Randall. Mr. Ran- 
dall was a member of the Fifth Regiment N. G. of 
N. J. for a period of five years, serving as second lieu- 
tenant of Company C, and retired from service in 1911. 
Mr. Randall's political faith has always been Republi- 
can. Three years subsequent to his admission to the 
State bar he became a counselor-at-law. He is a 
Supreme Court Commissioner of N. J., and is a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors of the Charity Organi- 
zation. He was elected to the Assembly for a fourth 
term by a plurality of 8,472 over William E. Lewis, 
highest Democrat. 

Last 3"ear he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Railroads and Canals, and as a member of the 
Committees on Revision of Laws, Home for Girls and 
Public Grounds and Buildings. 



CLINTON DEMAREST ACKERMAN. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Ackerman is the son of Margaretta Demartni 
and the late Simeon Ackerman and w^as born in Pater- 
son September 25th, 1889. He "was educated in the 
Paterson Grammar and High Schools and took the 
Columbia University Extension Courses. He acted as 



BIOGRAPHIES. 349 

draftsman in the Cooke Locomotive Works, was tran- 
sitman and inspector for Harrison and Dunham, Civil 
Engineers and Surveyors, Jersey City, N. J., and for 
four years was with the Passaic Valley Sewerage Com- 
mission, having- charge of the physical laboratory and 
acting as engineer in laying out the line of the trunk 
sewer, giving lines and levels and having charge of 
borings along the entire route. He is at present em- 
ploj-ed in the Passaic County Engineer's office. 

Mr. Ackerman is a Mason and a member of the 
Passaic Valley Canoe Club and of the Holland Society 
of New York. He has always been an enthusiastic 
Republican, but has never before aspired for any of- 
fice. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 8,349 over William E. Lewis, highest Democrat. 

HENRY G. HERSHPIELD. 
(Rep., Pompton Lakes.) 

Mr. Hershfield was born in 1876, in St. Louis, Mo., 
and is the son of Lewis Harris Hershfield, a pioneer 
of Montana, and a grandson of Harris Hershfield, one 
of the early settlers of Kansas. He was educated in 
the public schools in Helena, Montana, and at Col- 
umbia University, New York City, taking the Aca- 
demic and Legal courses. At the outbreak of the 
Spanish War, he entered the government service, 
being detailed for duty to the Indian Reservations, 
resigning in 1900 to take up newspaper work on the 
New York Morning Journal. He is now in the fire 
insurance business, representing several companies 
for northern New Jersey, with offices in New York 
City and Pompton Lakes. 

In 1914 he was appointed foreman of the first 
chancellor-drawn grand jury for Passaic county and 
in 1916 was elected a delegate to the Republican 
Convention in Chicago, representing the 7th Congres- 
sional district. 

He is now serving his fourth consecutive term as 
mayor of the borough of Pompton Lakes, being each 
time the nominee of both the Republican and Demo- 
cratic parties. 

Largely through his efforts the borough built and 
operated one of the few successful municipally owned 



350 BIOGRAPHIES. 

water and electric light plants, which has proven to 
be a sig-nal success. He was an organizer of the 1st 
National Bank of Pompton Lakes, also the Pompton 
Lakes Building and Loan Association, and is a di- 
rector in both of those institutions as well as in 
several insurance and real estate companies. 

He belongs to the Masons, Odd Fellows, Mechanics, 
the Theta Delta Chi fraternity, the Graduate Club of 
New York City, and the Old Guard Veteran Battalion 
of New York State. 

Mr. Hershfield was elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 8,285 over William E. Lewis, highest 
Democrat. 

FREDERICK J. TATTERSALL. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Tattersall was born in Paterson, December 24th, 
1869, and has lived in that city all his life. He at- 
tended the public schools of Paterson and is a grad- 
uate of the Paterson High School. He learned the 
plumbing trade and engaged in it for twenty years, 
but is now acting as sales manager with the John S. 
Norton Company of Jersey City and Paterson. Mr. 
Tattersall is a member of the Master Plumbers' As- 
sociation, Benevolent Lodge No. 45, F. & A. M., and 
Fabiola Lodge No. 57, K. of P. He has always been 
an ardent Republican and a hard worker for the 
party, although he has never before held office. 

He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
8,042 over William E. Lewis, highest Democrat. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans — Dalrymple, 16,808; Randall, 19.444; 
Ackerman, 19,321; Hershfield, 19,257; Tattersall, 19,014. 

Democrats — Adlman, 8,721; Lewis, 10,972; McCor- 
mack, 8,797; McDermott, 8,243; Totten, 8,933. 

Prohibitionists — Geo. L. Ackerman, 1,558; Hodgson, 
1,029; Lyon, 898; Peters, 910; Whritenour, 934. 

Socialists — Canova, 2,297; Giebelhausen, 2,375; Kadel, 
2,403; Ullman, 2,388; Wuensch, 2,304. 

Socialist-Labor — Butterworth, 371; Kuebler, 297; 
Pechman, 257; Santhouse, 292; Yannarelli, 263. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 351 



Salem County. 

LEMUEL HAMPDEN GREENWOOD. 
(Rep., Elmer.) 

Mr. Greenwood was born at Fairton, Cumberland 
county, N. J., August 18th, 1872, and 5s the son of 
Robert K. and Tempa Greenwood. He removed to 
Elmer with his parents in 1881 where he attended 
the public schools, gaining the highest honors to be 
obtained in that town, when he was sixteen years of 
age. He then entered the employ of the Elmer Times 
as an apprentice printer and pressman and remained 
with that paper until about 1891 when his father 
purchased the Lower Mill property near Elmer, and 
erected a factory there for the manufacture of cotton 
and wool spindles. He entered the rmploy of his 
father and has been connected with him ever since. 
He was united in marriage in 1900 to Mary M., only 
daughter of Emma V. and the late Oliver P. Hitchner, 
of Elmer. Mr. Greenwood has been C. of R. of Itah 
Tribe of Red Men for nearly eleven years, is a Past 
President of Camp No. 76, P. O. S. of A.; a member 
of Elmer Lodge No. 160, F. & A. M.; a member of 
the Salem County Republican Executive Committee 
for the past fourteen years, has been vice-president 
and is now president of Volunteer Fire Company No. 
1; secretary of the Elmer Gunning Club; member of 
the Official Board of the Elmer M. E. Church and 
is vice-president of the local Board of Education. 

He was elected to the Assembly for a third term 
by a plurality of 464 over John M. Burk, Democrat. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Taxation, and on the Committees on Game and 
Fish and Home for Feeble Minded Women. 

1916 — Greenwood, Rep., 3,306; Burk, Dem., 2,842; 
Bates, Pro.. 187. 



Somerset County. 

JOHN S. AMERMAN. 
(Rep., Neshanic Station.) 

Mr. Amerman was born at Neshanic, January 9th, 
1862, and is a lumber, hay, coal and grain dealer. He 



352 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was a farmer until ten years ago and is noted for 
industry and practical business ideas. He never be- 
fore held public office. He was elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 1,109 over C. Martin Wyckoff, 
Democrat. 

1916 — Amerman, Rep., 4,304; Wyckoff, Dem., 3,195; 
Acker, Pro., 105. 



Sussex County. 

PHILIP S. WILSON. 
(Rep., Newton.) 

Mr. Wilson was born on a farm at Gorham, Maine, 
in 1869, where he spent his early youth attending 
country school, then moved to New Jersey, where he 
has since resided. He was prepared for college at 
Newton Academy. Graduated from Lafayette College 
in 1890 and then traveled and studied abroad. On 
return became associated with his father, Capt. Joel 
Wilson, in management of Newton Academy, one of 
the leading preparatory schools of the State. Since 
1900 has been principal and owner and has conducted 
the school successfully and is now fitting boys for 
college and business. He has been active in church, 
fraternal and educational work occupying important 
positions, and always has been a Republican. He is 
now serving on the Town Committee and Board of 
Health. 

Mr. Wilson is the first Republican Assemblyman 
elected in Sussex county since 1901, when Theodore 
M. Roe was the representative. Mr. Wilson had a 
plurality of nine votes over Edward Ackerson, Dem., 
who sought a re-election. 

1916 — Wilson, Rep., 2,492; Ackerson, Dem., 2,483; 
Irving N. Roe, Pro., 86. 



Union County. 

CHARLES LINSCOTT MORGAN. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Morgan was born in Elizabeth, N. J., July 11th, 
1879, and is a counselor-at-law. He attended the public 
schools of his native city and was graduated from 



BIOGRAPHIES. 353 

the Battin High School. Afterwards he read law 
with ex-Governor Foster M. Voorhees and attended 
the New York Law School. Was admitted to practice 
as an attorney in June, 1905, and as a counselor in 
June, 1909. Has practiced law in Elizabeth since 
his admission to the bar and was for some time 
associated with former Judge C. A. Swift, under the 
firm name of Swift & Morgan. Mr. Morgan is an 
expert in real estate law, which requires a wide knowl- 
edge of business affairs. 

Mr. Morgan's fight for a State Normal School at 
Elizabeth attracted wide attention. After passing a 
bill for that purpose it was vetoed by Governor 
Fielder, but was made a law over the veto, passing 
both Houses. He was appointed on the Civil Service 
Investigating Committee and a member of the Com- 
mission to Investigate Pensions for Men in Public 
Offices. 

In 1915 he was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 3,767, and in 1916 by a plurality of 7,205 
over Hueston, highest Democrat. 

Last j-ear he served on the Committees on Banking 
and Insurance, Education, Incidental Expenses, Claims 
and Pensions, Home for Boys and New Jersey Re- 
formatory. 

ARTHUR N. PIERSON. 
(Rep., Westfield.) 

Mr. Pierson was born at Westfield, N. J., June 23d, 
1867, and is in the wholesale sewer pipe and clay 
products business, with offices in New York City. 
He was educated in the public school, Pingry Academy, 
and John Leal's Academy. He is president of the 
Westfield Board of Trade and of the Westfield Town 
Plan and Art Commission. Mr. Pierson has always 
voted the Republican ticket. 

In 1914 he was elected to the Assemblj- by a plu- 
rality of 2,696; in 1915 by 4,019, and in 1916 by 7,162 
over Hueston, highest Democrat. 

He has served as chairman of the Commission for 
the Survey of Municipal Financing, and last year was 
chairman of the Committees on Social Welfare and 
Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases and a member 
of the Committees on Appropriations, Labor and In- 
dustries and State Library. 
23 



354 BIOGRAPHIES. 

WILLIAM NELSON RUNTON. 
(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Mr. Runyon was born at Plainfield, N. J., March 
5th, 1871, and is a lawyer. He was prepared for 
college at the Plainfield High School; was graduated 
from Yale in 1892, and while there was a member 
of D. K. E., and "Scroll and Key" senior society; 
graduated from the New York Law School in 1894; 
admitted to the New York bar the same year; to 
the New Jersey bar as attorney 1898 and counselor 
1901. 

He was a member of the Plainfield Common Council 
for two years and city judge for twelve years; is 
a member of the Masonic fraternity, of the Elks and 
the Knights of Pythias; also a member of the Yale 
Club of New York and the Graduate Club of New 
Haven. He was leader of the majority in the Assembly 
at the 1915 session and discharged the duties of the 
position with marked ability and uniform courtesy. 

In 1915 Judge Runyon was re-elected to the As- 
sembly by a plurality of 4,561 over Leonard, the 
highest Democrat, running 542 ahead of his ticket, 
and in 1916 he was given a third term by a plurality 
of 7,547 over Hueston, the highest Democrat, leading 
his ticket by 342. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committee 
on Corporations and as a member of the Committees 
on Judiciary and State Hospitals. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

RepubliTjans — Runyon, 15,960; Morgan, 15,618; Pier- 
son, 15,575. 

Democrats — Hueston, 8,413; McGrath, 8,304; Treacy, 
8,204. 

Prohibitionists — Moore, 275; Reeve, 214; Smith, 265. 

Socialists — Badrow, 1,570; Kornas, 1,565; Meeks, 
1,593. 

Social-Labor — Carroll, 145; Peterson, 117; Zeigler, 
136. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 355 



"Warren County. 

ALONZO DIVERS HERRICK. 
(Dem.. HackettstoTvn.) 

Mr. Herrick was born at Washing-ton, New Jersey, 
on June 8th, 1873. His family, which traces back to 
Erick the Forester of Denmark, located in Washington 
in 1867. He is a grower and florist at Hackettstown 
and his election to the Legislature in 1914 was his 
first candidacy for public office. Mr. Herrick belongs 
to the Masonic Order, the Elks, P. O. S. of A., Knights 
of Pythias and is an officer of St. James Episcopal 
Church, He was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 1,945 over Tamblyn, Republican Local 
Optionist. 

Last year he served on the Appropriation and High- 
way Committees and was re-appointed a member of 
the Commission for the Survey of Municipal Financing. 

1916 — Herrick, Dem., 4,665; Tamblyn, Rep.-Lo. Op., 
2,720; Iliff, Pro.. 357; Stubblebine, Soc, 191. 



Summary. 




. . . 44 Democrats. . . 
.. 14 Democrats... 
Vacancy. . . . . 


. 16 = 60 

6 = 20 

1 



House — Republicans. . 
Senate — Republicans. . 



58 22: 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 36. 



356 BIOGRAPHIES. 

THE JUDICIARY. 



UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT. 

JOHN RELLSTAB, Trenton. 

Judge Rellstab, who was born in Trenton, N. J., 
September 19, 1858, is a son of John and Theresa 
(Schaidnagel) Rellstab, the former a native of Switzer- 
land and the latter of Bavaria. He obtained his edu- 
cation in the parish school of the Trinity Evangelical 
Lutheran Church and the public schools of the city of 
Trenton. Before he was fourteen years of age he 
began to learn the pottery trade. During the latter 
part of his apprenticeship he began the study of law 
at night, having entered his name with the late Levi 
T. Hannum, In order to complete his law studies he 
left the trade of potter after becoming a journeyman 
and took a clerical position in the office of the New 
Jersey Pottery Company, later taking charge of the 
company's salesrooms in New York City and sub- 
sequently becoming salesman on the western and 
southern routes for the same firm. At a later period 
he served in the capacity of commercial traveler for 
the East Trenton pottery. Having chosen law as his 
profession, he kept steadily on with that one end in 
view and was finally admitted to the bar at the No- 
vember term, 1882, and as a counselor at the Novem- 
ber term, 1889. At one time he was a partner of the 
late Judge James Buchanan. He served in the capa- 
city of solicitor for the borough of Chambersburg from 
1884 to 1888, and for the city of Trenton from 1889 to 
1892, and from 1894 to 1896. In the last-named year 
he was made Judge of the District Court. for the city 
of Trenton, serving until 1900, when he was made 
Judge of Mercer county. He was reappointed to the 
latter office in 1905. In politics Judge Rellstab is a 
staunch supporter of Republican principles. In re- 
ligious faith he adheres to that of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which he is a ruling elder and teacher of 
the men's Bible class. He is one of the directors of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, the chairman 
of the Committee on Foreign Work of the same so- 
ciety, the chairman of the Advisory Board of the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 357 

Florence Crittendon Mission, and a member of the 
Board of Managers of the New Jersey Children's Home 
Society. He was appointed United States District 
Judge on May 6, 1909, and was confirmed on May 18. 
He was succeeded by Frederick W. Gnichtel as Judge 
of the Mercer County Court. 

His salary is $6,000 a year and his ofRce Is a life 
tenure. 

THOMAS G. HAIGHT, Jersey City. 

Judge Haight was born at Colts Neck, near Free- 
hold, New Jersey, August 4th, 1879, and is a son of 
John T. and Mary (Drummond) Haight. 

He obtained his education at the Freehold Military 
Institute and Princeton University. He attended the 
New York Law School, from which he was graduated 
in 1900, with a degree of LL.B., and also served a 
clerkship in the office of Edmund Wilson, formerly 
attorney-general of New Jersey. He was admitted 
to the New Jersey bar as an attorney in November, 
1900, and as counselor in February, 1904. He began 
the practice of law in Jersey City as managing clerk 
for Queen & Tennant, with which firm he continued 
until its dissolution in January, 1905, when he formed 
a partnership with the junior member, George G. 
Tennant. This partnership continued until Mr. Ten- 
nant was appointed judge of the Hudson County 
Common Pleas Court by Governor Wilson, in 1913. 
In 1911 he was appointed assistant city attorney of 
Jersey City by Mayor Wittpenn, and continued as 
such until he resigned in March, 1913, to become 
county counsel of Hudson county, which latter po- 
sition he held until his appointment to the Federal 
bench. In February, 1914, he was appointed United 
States District Judge for the District of New Jersey 
by President Wilson. 

In politics. Judge Haight has always been a Demo- 
crat, and until his appointment to the bench was 
active in the independent branch of that party in 
Hudson county. He was a delegate to the Balti- 
more convention, from the twelfth New Jersey Con- 
gressional District, and worked diligently for the 
nomination of Governor Wilson for the Presidency. 

In 1905, Judge Haight married Annie M. Crater, 
daughter of the late David S. Crater, who was sec- 



358 BIOGRAPHIES. 

retary of State of New Jersey. He is a nephew of 
the late General Charles Haight, for many years prose- 
cutor of Monmouth county. 

J. WARREN DAVIS, Salem. 

Judge Davis was born in Elizabeth City, N. C, March 
4th, 1867, and spent his boyhood days at that place 
and at Norfolk, Va., where his father, John Smithson 
Davis, moved when the District Attorney was a boy. 
He received his early education at Elizabeth City and 
Norfolk in the public schools. He prepared for college 
at Chester Academy, Chester, Pa., and graduiated 
valedictorian of his class in 1892. He graduated from 
Bucknell University in 1896, from Crozer Theological 
Seminary in 1899, at both of which places he was one 
of the commencement speakers. Upon his graduation 
at Crozer he was elected instructor in Hebrew and 
Greek. He pursued past graduate studies in history 
and philosophy at the University of Chicago in 1901, 
and at the University of Leipsic, Germany, in 1902 and 
1903, during which time he took lectures at the Uni- 
versities of Berlin and Halle. He returned to America 
and entered the Law School of the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1904, and graduated in 1906, since which 
time fie has practiced law with his brother, James 
Mercer Davis, of Mount Holly, N. J., under the firm 
name of Davis & Davis, with their principal office in 
the Security Trust Building, Camden, N. J. He is a 
member of the bar of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 
and of the State bar associations of both States. 

He has the degrees of A.B., A.M., B.D. and B.L. 

He was one of the charter members of the Kappa 
Sigma fraternity in college, and was a member of the 
Supreme Executive Committee, the executive of the 
fraternity-at-large for two years, being Worthy Grand 
Master of Ceremonies, having charge of the secret 
work of the fraternity. He was District Grand Master 
of the Second District, extending from Connecticut to 
Virginia, for two years. He is a member of the fol- 
lowing fraternal organizations: Masons, Odd Fellows, 
Red Men, Mechanics, P. O. S. of A., Grange, Knights of 
Pythias, Loyal Order of Moose, Tall Cedars and Eagles. 

In 1911 he was elected to the Senate of New Jersey 
from Salem county by a plurality of 732 over William 



BIOGRAPHIES. 359 

Plummer, Jr., his predecessor in office. Mr, Davis 
served as Senator until June 4th, 1913, when he was 
appointed District Attorney for the State of New 
Jersey. He filled that office until May 29th, 1916, when 
he qualified as a Judge of the U. S. District Court 
for New Jersey. 



COURT OP CHANCEUY. 

Chancellor. 

EDWIN ROBERT WADKER, Trenton. 
(Term seven years, salary $13,000 per annum.) 

Chancellor "Walker was born in Rochester, New 
York, September 13th, 1862, where his father, Dr. 
Walter Walker, practiced medicine and surgery, but 
since 1869 he has lived in Trenton, the home of his 
maternal ancestors, two of whom were officers In the 
American army during the Revolutionary war, and 
one of whom was State Treasurer of New Jersey. 

Mr. Walker went to the Model School until 1878, 
when he left to become clerk in the office of the late 
Hon. Henry S. Little, then Clerk In Chancery. While 
serving a clerkship in the Chancery office he studied 
law with the late Col. S. Meredith Dickinson and 
afterwards with Judge Garret D. W. Vroom. He was 
admitted to the bar at the June term of the Supreme 
Court, 1886, and at once thereafter commenced the 
practice of his profession, In which he was actively 
engaged until appointed to the bench. In 1891-92 
Mr. Walker was counsel for the Board of Chosen 
Freeholders of the county of Mercer, and in 1892-93 
was city counsel for the corporation of Trenton. Mr. 
Walker was Judge-Advocate of the Second Regiment, 
N. G. N. J., with the rank of Captain In 1906, and In 
1907 was made Judge-Advocate of the Second Bri- 
gade with the rank of Major. He was appointed 
Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor Magle on October 29. 
1907, for a full term of seven years, to succeed Vice- 
Chancellor Bergen, who resigned to become a Justice 
of the Supreme Court. On March 18th, 1912, Governor 
Wilson nominated Mr. Walker for the office of Chan- 
cellor to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 



360 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Chancellor Mahlon Pitney, andi he was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. 

The Chancellor is a Democrat in politics. His term 
expires March 18th, 1919. 



Vlce>Chancellors. 

(Term seven years, salary $12,000 a year.) 
FREDERIC W. STEVENS, Newark. 
Vice-Chancellor Stevens was born in Hoboken, N. J., 
June 9th, 1846. He was graduated from Columbia Law 
College In 1865; was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney In November, 1868, and as a counselor three 
years later. He first came into public life In 1873, when he 
was appointed Judge of the Second District Court of New- 
ark. He remained in that position for two years. In 1839 
the Judge was appointed County Counsel of Essex county, 
and filled that office for some years. Although he has not 
held any other public offices, Mr. Stevens has always been 
a prominent figure In some of the biggest legal fights ever 
made In the State and County Courts. One of those was 
the settlement of the back taxes of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna and Western Railroad Company. In that case he 
and Judge Dillon acted as arbitrators. He Is a member 
of the Ecclesiastical Law Committee of the Protestant 
Episcopal Diocese of Newark, and, with the late Cort- 
landt Parker, revised all of the canons governing 
that body. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor In 1896, 
as a successor to John T. Bird. In 1903 he was ap- 
pointed for another term, and again in 1910. In 
politics he is a Democrat. His term will expire April 
4th, 1917. 

EUGENE STEVENSON, Paterson, 

VIce-Chancellor Stevenson was born in Brooklyn, N. T., 
June 28, 1849. He moved to Paterson with his parents In 
1866, and has since resided there. He was graduated from 
the New York University as a Bachelor of Arts In the 
class of 1870, and was also graduated from the Law De- 
partment of the same Institution. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law office of Socrates Tuttle, father-in-law of 
the late Vice-President Hobart, where he continued his 
studies. In June, 1874, Mr. Stevenson was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney-at-law, and three years later was 



BIOGRAPHIES, 361 

made a counsellor. In 1881 he was appointed a Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Passaic county by Governor Ludlow. He 
served a full term of five years in that oflflce. He did not 
seek a reappointment. Since that time he has never held 
a public office, although he has often been sought as a 
candidate for such. Prior to his elevation to the bench he 
enjoyed a very large practice in the higher courts of the 
State. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor on April 16, 1901, 
for a full term of seven years. He was reappointed in 
1908 and again in 1915. In politics he is a Democrat. 
His term will expire in 1922. 

EDMUND B. LEAMING. Camden. 

Vice-Chancellor Leaming, who was born at Seaville, 
Cape Maj' county, N. J., fifty-eight years ago, is the 
son of ex-Senator and Dr. Jonathan F. Leaming and a 
brother of Dr. Walter S. Leaming, now deceased, who 
also served as Senator from Cape May. The Vice- 
Chancellor was, with his brother, educated under a 
private tutor, and subsequently as a post graduate 
in the University of Pennsylvania, and thereafter 
studied law with the late Judge and former Con- 
gressman James Buchanan in Trenton. United 
States Judge William M. Lanning, Congressman 
Ira Wood, Prosecutor of the Pleas Eugene Emley, Alfred 
L. Black, Samuel W. Beldon and Samuel Walker, Jr., 
were law students in Trenton at the same time and pre- 
pared for the bar with Vice-Chancellor Learning. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 1881, and 
as a counselor In February, 1884. From Trenton he went 
to Seattle, and then to San Francisco, where he practiced 
his profession for a brief period. Upon his return to New 
Jersey he formed a co-partnership with Samuel W. Bel- 
don. Upon its dissolution by the appointment of Mr. Bel- 
don as general counsel of the Fidelity Trust Company, at 
Newark, N. J., he practiced by himself in Camden and 
until he was appointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Magie on September 21, 1906, to fill a vacancy caused by 
the death of Martin P. Grey. In 1913 he was appointed 
for another term by Chancellor Walker. In politics he 
is a Republican. His term will expire in 1920. 

VIVIAN M. LEWIS. Paterson. 

Vice-Chancellor Lewis was born at Paterson, N. J., 
June 8th, 1869. Prior to his admission to the bar he 



362 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was engaged as correspondent of several New York 
newspapers. He was appointed judge-advocate of 
the old Second Regiment, National Guard, in July, 
1896, and served until the reorganization in 1899, 
when he was placed on the retired list with the rank 
of captain. He was elected to the Assembly In 
1898, 1899 and 1900, and was leader of the Republi- 
can majority on the floor of the House during his 
last term. He was for many years one of the counsel 
of the State Board of Health. He was elected City 
Counsel of Paterson In 1904 for a full term of ofl^ce, 
but resigned upon his appointment by Governor Mur- 
phy as Clerk In Chancery, to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Edward C. Stokes, who was 
elected Governor. He was nominated for a full term 
of office In 1905, by Governor Stokes, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. He served In that office until 
April, 1909, when he was appointed Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, which oflUce he held' until 
April 3d, 1912, when he was appointed a Vlce-Chan- 
cellor by Chancellor Walker. He was the Republican 
candidate for Governor in 1910. His term will expire 
in 1919. 

JOHN H. BACKES, Trenton. 

Vice-Chancellor Backes was born in Trenton, N. J., 
August 18th, 1863. He was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at the November term, 1884, and in February, 
1888, he Avas licensed as a counsellor. He has always 
practiced his profession in Trenton. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 

Mr, Backes was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by 
Chancellor Walker on February 22d, 1913, for a term 
of seven years, at a salary of $12,000 per annum. 

JOHN GRIFFIN, Jersey City. 
Vice-Chancellor Griffin was born in Jersey City, 
June 26th, 1858. He was educated in the public schools 
and at an early age entered the law offices of Bedle, 
Muirheid & McGee as a student. He was admitted to 
the bar as an attorney in June, 1881, and as a coun- 
sellor three years later. At one time he was a partner 
of James A. Romeyn, and subsequently became a junior 
partner in the old firm headed by the late Governor 
Bedle. He specialized in admiralty law, of which he 
became a recognized authority. He has had an exten- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 363 

fiive practice in all the higher courts of the State and 
in the Supreme Court of the United States. Much of 
the municipal laws of the State have been framed by 
him, and for seventeen years he has been counsel to 
the Board of Freeholders of Hudson countj', 

Mr. Griffin was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chan- 
cellor Walker, March 20th, 1913, for a term of seven 
years. His salary is ?12,000 per annum. In politics he 
is a Democrat. 

JOHN E. FOSTER, Atlantic Highlands. 

Vice-Chancellor Foster was born in New York City, 
September 22d, 1864, and moved to Monmouth county, 
in this State, in 1879. He graduated from the Law 
School of Columbia College in 1886, and w^as admitted 
to the bar as an attorney at the November term, 
1886, and as a counsellor three years later. 

In 1900 he was appointed Prosecutor of the Pleas 
for Monmouth County and held that position until 
1904, when he was appointed Law Judge of that 
county; he held the position of Law Judge by re- 
appointments for eleven years and until he resigned 
in 1915. 

He was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by Cliancellor 
Walker on January 15th, 1916, for a full term. In 
politics he is a Republican. 

MERRITT LANE, Jersey City. 

Vice-Chancellor Lane was born in Jersey City, 
January 2d, 1881. After graduation from the High 
School he attended the New York Law School. He 
was admitted to the bar at the February term of the 
Supreme Court in 1902, and received a counsellor's 
degree at the corresponding term, three years later. 

Although the Vice-Chancellor has neved held public 
office he has represented nearly every municipalitj^ in 
Hudson county as special counsel in important liti- 
gations during the past decade. He figured particu- 
larly in suits involving taxation. He was associated 
with former Governor John W. Griggs as counsel for 
the policy holders of the Prudential Insurance Com- 
pany when it was changed from a stock company to 
a mutual concern. Since his admission to the bar he 
has specialized in equity. 



364 BIOGRAPHIES. 

On November 8th, 1916, the Vice-Chancellcr took the 
oath of office. He was appointed to fill a vacancy 
caused Ly the death of Vice-Chancellor Howell. 



JUSTICES OP THE SUPREME COURT. 

(Term of office, seven years. The salary of the Chief 
Justice is $13,000 a year, and that of each 
Associate Justice, $12,000.) 

Chief Justice. 

WILLIAM S. GUMMERE. Newark. 

Chief Justice Gummere was born In Trenton, June 24th, 
1852, and Is a son of the late Barker Gummere, who for 
many years was one of the acknowledged leaders of the 
bar of New Jersey. The Justice was educated at the old 
Trenton Academy and the Lawrencevllle School, and was 
graduated from Princeton College In 1870. He studied law 
with his father, and upon being admitted to the bar he 
practiced for a time In the office of G. D. W. Vroom, when 
that gentleman was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer 
county. Subsequently Mr. Gummere formed a co-partner- 
ship with his uncle, the late ex-Governor Parker, In New- 
ark, and after that had been dissolved he was associated 
with Oscar Keen, of the same city. This continued until 
the late Edward T. Green was made Judge of the United 
States District Court, when Mr. Gummere succeeded him 
as counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, with 
offices In Trenton. On February 18th, 1895, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Werts as a Justice of the Supreme 
Court, to succeed the late Justice Abbett for a term of 
seven years, and he was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate on the day following. On January 28, 1901, he was 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to take effect on November 16, 1901, and he 
was confirmed on February 4th following. The nomination 
was made to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chief Justice David A. Depue, who, after serving a period 
of thirty-five years on the bench, vacated the office on 
November 16th, 1901. Chief Justice Gummere took the oath 
of office on November 19, 1901. He was reappointed 
by Governor T'ort on January 22d, 1908, and was at 
once confirmed by the Senate. In 1915 he was nomi- 
nated for another term by Governor Fielder and was 



BIOGRAPHIES. 365 

unanimously confirmed by the Senate. In politics 
he is a Republican. His term will expire in 1922. His 
circuit comprises Essex county.. Population, 566,324. 

CHARLES GRANT GARRISON, Merchantville. 
Justice Garrison was born In Swedesboro, Gloucester 
county, N. J., August 3d, 1849. He Is a son of Rev. Joseph 
FIthlan Garrison, D. D., a well known divine of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, who was a professor in a Phila- 
delphia college for a number of years, and died In 1893. 
The Judge was educated at Edgehlll School, Princeton, at 
the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and In the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated as a physl- 
-^lan In 1872. He practiced that profession until 1876, at 
Swedesboro, and then entered the law office of Samuel H. 
Grey, of Camden, where he remained until he was ad- 
mitted to the bar In 1878. He was made Judge-Advo- 
cate General of New Jersey In 1884, and In 1882 he was 
made Chancellor of the Southern Diocese of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church of New Jersey. He was ap- 
pointed to the Supreme Court bench In January, 1888, In 
the place of the late ex-Governor Joel Parker, for a full 
term of seven years. He was re-appointed in 1895 by 
Governor Werts, again by Governor Murphy in 1902, 
by Governor Fort in 1909, and by Governor Fielder in 
1916. In politics he is a Democrat. His term expires 
in 1923. 

His circuit consists of the counties of Camden and 
Gloucester. Total population, 209,808. 

FRANCIS J. SWATZE, Newark. 

Justice Swayze was born In Newton, Sussex county, May 
15th, 1861, and is a son of Jacob L. Swayze. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard College in 1879, and afterward studied 
law In the office of Martin Rosenkrans, In Newton. He 
also took a course at Harvard Law School, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey In June, 1882, and was made 
a counselor-at-law three years later. 

The Judge served as Chairman of the Sussex Republican 
County Committee from 1886 to 1889. He was a member of 
the Republican State Committee from 1889 to 1892, and was 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention In 1892. 
In that year he removed to Newark and thereafter confined 
himself to the practice of his profession. He became a 
member of the law firm of Colie & Swayze, later Colle, 
Swayze & Titsworth. On February 13th, 1900. he was nbm- 



366 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Inated by Governor Voorhees as a Circuit Court Judge to 
succeed Francis Child and he was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate for a term of seven years. On January 13, 
1903, he v^as nominated by Governor Murphy as a Justice 
of the Supreme Court to succeed Justice Collins, who had 
resigned, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate 
on January 20, for a full term of seven years. He 
was renominated in 1910 and was promptly confirmed 
by the Senate. His term will expire in January, 
1917. His circuit comprises the county of Hudson. 
Population, 571,371. 

THOMAS WHITAKER TRENCHARD. Trenton. 
Justice Trenchard was born in Centreton, Salem county, 
N. J., December 13th, 18G3. His father was William B. 
Trenchard, for many years Clerk of the County of Cum- 
berland. The Judge was educated In the public schools of 
Bridgeton and In the South Jersey Institute, from which 
he was graduated in the class of 1882. He read law In the 
oflfice of Porter and Nixon, and was admitted to the bar 
as an attorney at the November term of court in 1886, and 
as a counselor in February, 1893. He practiced law in 
Bridgeton, and in 1899 he was appointed Law Judge of 
Cumberland county by Governor Voorhees. In 1904 he was 
reappointed by Governor Murphy. He served as City So- 
licitor of Bridgeton from 1892 to 1899, and was a member of 
the House of Assembly in 1889. During many years he 
was Solicitor for the Board of Health of Bridgeton. He 
was one of the organizers of the Cumberland County Bar 
Association and has served as Its president. In 1896 he 
was chosen a Presidential Elector, when he cast his ballot 
for McKinley and Hobart. The Judge is a member of the 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution. On June 8th, 
1906, Governor Stokes appointed him a Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to fill a vacancy caused by the death 
of Justice Dixon. He was nominated and confirmed 
for a full term in 1907. In 1914 he was re-appointed 
for another term by Governor Fielder and was 
promptly confirmed by the Senate. His circuit com- 
prises the counties of Mercer, Hunterdon and War- 
ren. Population, 218,823. His term will expire in 1921. 

CHARLES W. PARKER. Jersey City. 
Justice Parker was born at Newark, N. J., October 
22, 1862, and Is a son of the late Cortlandt and Eliza- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 367 

beth W. (Stites) Parker. He received his preliminary 
education at Pingvy School, Elizabeth, N. J., and 
Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H. He was grad- 
uated from Princeton College with honors in 1882; 
read law under the direction of his father and at Col- 
umbia Law School from 1882 to 1885; was admitted 
to the New Jersey bar as an attorney in June, 
1885, and as a counselor at the February term, 1890. 
He practiced his profession in Newark. till 1890, and 
thereafter in Bayonne Cit3^ and since 1891 in Jersey 
City. In 1898 he was appointed a District Court Judge 
for Jersey City, and in 1903 he was reappointed. He 
resigned that office in 1903 and accepted an appoint- 
ment by Governor Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit 
Court. The appointment was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate and he took his seat on March 2, 19o3. 
This office he held until October, 1907, when he re- 
signed to become a Justice of the Supreme Court, to 
which office he was nominated by Governor Stokes 
and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on Sep- 
tember 25 for a full term of seven years. He succeeds 
John Franklin Fort, who had resigned upon his nomi- 
nation as the Republican candidate for Governor. Hf> 
served as Assistant Adjutant General of the State from 
1902 to 1907, after twelve years enlisted and com- 
missioned service in the Essex Troop and Fourth 
Regiment, and was aide de camp on the staff of Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy, during the latter's term of 
ofllce. In politics the Justice is a Republican. His 
term will expire in 1921. He was re-appointed by 
Governor Fielder in 1914 and was promptly confirmed 
by the Senate. His circuit comprises the counties 
of Morris, Bergen and Somerset. Population, 304,233. 

JAMES J. BERGEN. Somerville. 

Justice Bergen is a lineal descendant of Han Hanson 
Bergen, who came from Holland to New York city and 
was the progenitor of nearly all those bearing the 
name in America. He married Sarah Rappelyea, who, 
it is said, was the first white child born in the New 
Netherlands. Mr. Bergen's New Jersey ancestor was 
a grandson of the original emigrant, and owned con- 
siderable tracts of land in the counties of Somerset 
and Hunterdon. The family is among the oldest of 
the Holland-Dutch settlers in this country, and its 



368 BIOGRAPHIES. 

members have always been conspicuous In business, 

professional and public affairs. 

The Justice is a son of John J. and Mary A. (Park) 
Bergen, and was born October 1, 1847, in Somerville, 
N. J., where he has always resided. He attended the 
old brick academy In his native town, and was grad- 
uated from Calvin Butler Seminary of the same place 
in 1863. At the age of seventeen he entered upon the 
study of law with the late Hugh M. Gaston, of Somer- 
ville, with whom he remained until he was admitted 
as an attorney at the November term in 1868. During 
the following year he practised his profession In 
Plainfield, N. J. On January 1, 1870, he returned to 
Somerville and formed a law partnership with his 
preceptor, Mr. Gaston, which was continued under the 
firm name of Gaston & Bergen for twenty years, when 
Mr. Gaston withdrew. He was made a counselor In 
November, 1871. 

He was elected to the Legislature in 1875, 1876, 1890 
and 1891, serving as Speaker of the Assembly during 
the sessions of 1891 and 1892, and in 1896 was a dele- 
gate to the Democratic National Convention. In 1877 
he was appointed by Governor Bedle as Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, which office he held 
for six years. He was president of the Board of Com- 
missioners of Somerville and of iho savings bank 
for a long time, and has been a director of the First 
National Bank of that place. He was especially active 
in organizing police and fire departments, and is cred- 
ited with creating the public sentiment which made 
possible the introduction of a sewage system and other 
public improvements In Somerville. 

In March, 1904, he was appointed a Vice-Chancellor 
by Chancellor Magie for a full term of seven years, 
and on October 11, 1907, Governor Stokes sent his 
nomination as a Justice of the Supreme Court to the 
Senate, which was confirmed without reference. He 
took the oath of office on October 16. 1907. His term 
will expire October 11th, 1921. He was re-appointed 
by Governor Fielder in 1914 and was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Union and Middlesex. Population, 312,038. 
In politics he is a Democrat. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 369 

JAMES F. MINTURN, Hoboken. 

Justice Minturn was born at Hoboken, N. J., July 
16th, 1860. He was educated in the Hoboken public 
schools and the Martha Institute. Afterward he en- 
tered college, but was forced to retire owing to ill 
health, and he completed his studies under the tute- 
lage of Prof. Louis Barton, a graduate of Rutgers 
College. He was graduated from the Columbia College 
Law School, New York, with the degree of LL.B. He 
then entered the office of Ogden & Niven in Hoboken 
and there completed his study of New Jersey law. 
He was admitted to the bar of New York as an at- 
torney and counselor. In 1884 he was appointed Cor- 
poration Attorney of Hoboken and was retained in 
that office until he became a Circuit Judge, twenty-one 
years altogether, despite political changes in adminis- 
tration. 

He represented Hoboken in many notable law suits, 
carrying them through the highest courts of the State 
and the United States Courts. In 1889 he represented 
that city in the dispute over the ownership of the 
river front, in which the Hoboken Land and Improve- 
ment Company and the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany were parties in litigation. The case went through 
the State Courts and was taken to the United States 
Supreme Court. 

The Justice was counsel for the late Henry George 
in the celebrated case of the John Hutchins will, of 
Camden, in whirh considerable money was bequeathed 
for the circulation of George's works. After going 
through the Court of Chancery, It was taken on ap- 
peal to the Court of Errors and Appeals, where the 
claim of Mr. George was sustained. Mr. MInturn at one 
time declined the appointment of District Court Judge 
of Hoboken. He was one of the organizers of the 
Hudson County and State Bar associations. In 1903 
he wrote an article, which appeared in the New Jersey 
Law Journal, discussing the proposed constitutional 
amendments, taking the ground, while not opposing 
them, that they were Insufficient for the relief of the 
courts. He also contributed to Belford's Magazine an 
article, entitled "The Iniquities of the Tariff." A Latin 
scholar and linguist, he Is also an orator and a lecturer 
of high rank. 

In 1884 Mr. MInturn was appointed Judge-Advocate 

24 



370 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of the old Second Regiment, National Guard, and 
served seven years and until the reg^iment was amal- 
g-amated with the Fourth. He is an lionorary member 
of the DeLong- Guards of Hoboken. He has always 
taken an active interest in military affairs and has 
won several medals at the Sea Girt ranges and quali- 
fied as an expert marksman. 

The Justice was one of the organizers of tlie Free 
Public Library of Hoboken and of the State Charities 
Aid Association. Ke also helped organize the Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and was its 
counsel for several years. He has been president of 
the First National Bank of Guttenburg and vice-presi- 
dent of the Ocean County Trust Company. 

He was elected Senator in Hudson county In 1904 and 
served In that office until he took his seat as Circuit 
Judge. He was nominated for the Judgeship by Gov- 
ernor Stokes on June 21, 1907, was unanimously con- 
firmed by the Senate and was sworn into office on 
July 31. On January 22, 1908, he was nominated by 
Governor Fort as Justice of the Supreme Court, and 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. The degree 
of LL.D. was conferred on the Justice at Seton Hall 
College in June, 1908. 

He was nominated for another term in 1915 by 
Governor Fielder and was unanimously confirmed by 
the Senate. 

In politics he is a Democrat, and his term will ex- 
pire in 1922. His circuit comprises the counties of 
Passaic and Sussex. Population, 262,341. 

SAMUEL. KAL.ISCH, Newark. 

Justice Kalisch was born in Cleveland, Ohio, April 
18, 1851. He is a son of Isidor Kalisch, D.D., a noted 
Jewish divine, who was a pioneer in the establish- 
ment of Reformed Judaism in this country and died 
in Newark in 1886. Mr. Kalisch was educated in the 
public schools of Lawrence, Mass., and Detroit, Mich., 
and was also under the private tutelage of his father. 
He was graduated from the Columbia College Law 
School, New York, with the degree of LL. B. in 1870, 
and was in the office of the late William B. Guild, Jr., 
until he was admitted to the bar. He was city attor- 
ney of the city of Newark in 1875. He devoted him- 
self to a general practice of the law and built up an 



BIOGRAPHIES. . 371 

extensive and lucrative practice. He was one of the 
most prominent trial lawyers in the state and was 
counsel in many notable cases, both civil and crim- 
inal. In politics he is a Democrat. His term will 
expire in 1918. His circuit comprises the counties of 
Monmouth, Burlington and Ocean. Population, 205,- 
024. 

CHARLES C. BLACK, Jersey City. 

Justice Black was born on a farm in Burlington 
county, near Mount Holly, N. J., on July 29th, 1858. He 
was prepared for college at the Mount Holly Acad- 
emy, and entered Princeton College in 1874, being 
graduated with the class of '78. He studied law at 
Mount Holly, N, J., and at the University of Michigan, 
at Ann Arbor. He was admitted to the bar of New 
Jersey as an attorney in June, 1881, and as a coun- 
selor in June, 1884. After being admitted to the bar 
he located at Jersey Citj', and has practiced law there 
until his appointment to the bench under the firm 
name of Black & Dayton. 

He served for five years as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Registration under the Ballot Reform 
Law. He was appointed as a member of the State Board 
of Taxation on March 21st, 1891, for a term of five years, 
was re-appointed for another term In 1896, and again in 
190L He was again appointed In 1904 for a term of five 
years. Mr. Black has made valuable additions to the 
literature of the law in his "Proof and Pleadings In Acci- 
dent Cases," "New Jersey Law of Taxation" and "Law 
and Practice in Accident Cases." Mr. Black was the 
Dem.ocratic candidate for Governor In 1904. He was ap- 
pointed a member of "The Equal Tax Commission" by 
Governor Murphy. Governor Stokes nominated htm on 
March 30, 1905, as a member of the new Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes, and he was at once confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. He served on that board until he was appointed a 
Circuit Judge by Governor Fort, on January 22d. 1908, 
to succeed Judge Minturn, who was appointed to the 
bench of the Supreme Court. The justice was ap- 
pointed on June 13th, 1914, by Governor Fielder to 
a vacancy in the Supreme Court caused by the death 
of Justice Voorhee3, which occurred on June 1st. 
He was nominated for a full term in 1915 and was 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. His circuit 



372 BIOGRAPHIES. 

comprises the counties of Atlantic, Cape May, Cum- 
berland andi Salem. Population, 197,020. His term 
will expire in 1922. 



Circuit Court Judj^es. 

(Term of office, seven years. Salary, |9,000.) 

FREDERIC ADAMS, Orange. 

Judge Adams was born on October 9th, 1840, at Amherst, 
N. H. He was graduated from Phillips Academy at An- 
dover in 1858, and from Yale College in 1862. He read law 
at the Harvard Law School in 1863 and '64, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New York city in 1864. He was admitted 
to practice in New Jersey as an attorney In February. 1868, 
and as a counselor in November, 1873. Nearly his entire 
practice has been in the city of Newark, where he has 
been much occupied by his duties as Special and Ad- 
visory Master in Chancery. The only political offices 
he ever held were as Clerk of East Orange township, 
Essex county, and as counsel for the same township. 
On March 23d, 1897, he was nominated as Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs to 
succeed Judge Barcalow, who had been appointed as 
Judge of the Passaic County Courts. He was unani- 
mously confirmed by the Senate on March 25, 1897. 
On January 13, 1903, he was nominated by Governor 
Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit Court for a full 
term of seven years, and on the 20th of that month he 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. He was 
renominated and confirmed for another term in 1910. 
In politics the Judge is a Republican. His term will 
expire in January, 1917. His circuit comprises the 
county of Essex. 

FRANK T. LLOYD. Camden. 

Judge Lloyd was born at Middletown, Delaware, October 
29th, 1859. He was graduated from the Middletown Acad- 
emy, and after removing to Camden, in 1875, learned the 
trade of a compositor. During his apprenticeship he 
studied law with the Hon. James Otterson. of Philadel- 
phia, and was admitted to the bar of Pennsylvania In 1882. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney 
in February, 1897, and as a counselor in February. 1900. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 373 

In 1899, upon the death of the Incumbent, he was desig- 
nated by the Court to prosecute the pleas In Camden 
county, and was thereafter successively appointed to the 
position of Prosecutor by Governor Voorhees In 1900 and 
Governor Stokes in 1905. This position he held at the time 
of his appointment In 1906 by Governor Stokes to the bench 
of the Circuit Court. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly In 3896 and 1897, the later year being chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee of that body, and Is the author 
of the present marriage law of the State. He was a mem- 
ber of the Franchise Commission whose recommendations 
were in 1906 enacted Into law by the Legislature. 
Judge Lloyd's circuit comprises the counties of Cam- 
den, Ocean, Mercer and Middlesex. In 1914 he was 
re-appointed by Governor Fielder and was promptly 
confirmed by the Senate. His term will expire in 1921. 
In politics he is a Republican. 

WILLIAM H. SPEBR, Jersey City. 

Judge Speer was born In Jersey Clt3', N. J., October 
21st, 1868. He was educated In Hasbrouck Institute in 
Jersey City and at Columbia University In New York 
city. He studied law at Columbia University Law 
School and In the office of John Linn In Jersey City. 
At the November term, 1891, he was admitted to the 
bar of New Jersey, and was made a counselor-at-law 
In June, 1895. 

After being admitted to the bar. Judge Speer became 
a member of the firm of Linn «& Speer, his partner 
being Clarence Linn, a son of John Linn. This partner- 
ship continued for a number of years. Mr. Speer was 
twice vice-president of the Hudson County Bar Asso- 
ciation, and became its president in 1903. On February 
8th, 1903, Mr. Speer, having been appointed by Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy and confirmed by the Senate 
to the office of Prosecutor of the Pleas for Hudson 
county, qualified as such and held the office until De- 
cember 30th. 1907, when he was appointed by Governor 
Edward C. Stokes as a Circuit Court Judge to succeed 
Charles W. Parker. On January 22d, 1908, he was 
appointed for a full term by Governor Fort, and in 
1915 he was re-appointed by Governor Fielder. 

Judge Speer has been active In politics, and Is a mem- 
ber of the Republican party. At the time of his ap- 
pointment as Judge he was a member of the firm of 



i>74 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Speer & Kellogg", his partner being Frederick S. Kel- 
logg-. His circuit comprises the counties of Hudson 
and Morris. His term will expire in 1922. 

NELSON Y. DUNGAN, Somerville. 

Judge Dungan was born May 3, 1867, at Lambert- 
ville, Hunterdon county, N. J. He moved to Somerset 
county with his parents in 1873 and has lived there 
ever since, residing at the present time at Somerville. 
From 1883 to 1889 he was a teacher in the public 
schools of the county, teaching the last four years in 
Somerville. 

He was admitted to the bar as an attorney-at-law 
at the November term, 1890, and as a counselor, No- 
vember term, 1893, and as an attorney and counselor 
of the United States Supreme Court, November, 1896. 
He is also an attorney and counselor of the State of 
New York and of the District of Columbia, He is a 
special master in Chancery and a Supreme Court 
Commissioner. From 1895 to 1900 he was Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, and served as a 
member of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey 
State Village for Epileptics from 1903 to 1907. He 
was associated with John F. Reger under the firm 
name of Dungan & Reger, from April 1st, 1898, to 
March 24, 1911. 

As a member of the National Guard of New Jersey 
he gained considerable prominence. He enlisted In 
the Guard as a private in Company H, Third Regiment, 
July 26, 1888, and served through the various grades 
until March 25, 1907, when he was elected Colonel of 
the Second Regiment, Infantry, which office he held 
at the time of his appointment to the Circuit Court, 
and was subsequently, February 21st, 1912, appointed 
Brigadier-General by brevet. He was retired from 
the office of Colonel of the Second Regiment the day 
after he received his commission as Judge, which was 
March 24th, 1911. 

The Judge has been assigned to Essex, Monmouth 
andi Hunterdon counties. His term will expire on 
March 24th, 1918. In politics he is a Democrat. 

HOWARD CARROW, Camden. 
Judge Carrow was born in Camden, Del., in 1861. 
He went to Bridgeton, N. J., to reside in 1867, where he 



BIOGRAPHIES. 375 

remained until 1873, when he removed to Camden 
county, where he has resided ever since. 

Mr. Carrow was made an attorney in June, 1882, and 
a counsellor in June, 1885. He was made Judge of 
Camden District Court in 1891, and served one term 
of five years. In 1895 he was permanent Chairman of 
the Democratic State Convention that nominated Chan- 
cellor McGill for Governor. In 1894 he served on a 
comnaission appointed by Governor Werts to suggest 
constitutional amendments for changes in our judicial 
system, and was temporary Chairman of tliis dis- 
tinguished body. He was twice a Delegate-at-Large 
to National Democratic conventions, and was a mem- 
ber of the National Democratic Committee and a Presi- 
dential elector, also a member of Democratic Commit- 
tee of the State. He was appointed Judge of Court of 
Common Pleas of Camden County by Governor Wilson, 
April, 1912, and served until March, 1913, when he re- 
signed to go on the Circuit bench. His term expires 
in 1920. His circuit comprises Burlington, Gloucester, 
Salem, Cumberland, Cape May and Atlantic counties. 

LUTHER A. CAMPBELL, Hackensack. 

Judge Campbell was born in Bergen county, N. J., 
November 28th, 1872. He read law with his father, 
the late Abraham D. Campbell, and was admitted to 
the bar in February, 1894. He formed a partnership 
under the name of A. D. & L. A. Campbell, which 
lasted until his father's death in October, 1896. Be- 
sides representing a large number of other munici- 
palities in Bergen county, he served as counsel to 
Hackensack for twelve j^ears successively and as 
counsel to the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Ber- 
gen county for six years successively. 

Acting Governor Taylor appointed Mr. Campbell 
a Circuit Judge on January 6th, 1914. This was an 
ad interim appointment, and on January 20th, Gover- 
nor Fielder sent his name to the Senate for a full 
term of office and he was promptly confirmed. His 
term will not expire until 1921. His circuit com- 
prises the counties of Hudson and Bergen. 

GEORGE S. SILZER, Metuchen. 
Judge Silzer was born at New Brunswick, April 
14th, 1870. He was educated in the public schools, 



376 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and was graduated from the High School in 1888, 
being the valedictorian of his class; was admitted 
to the bar as an attorney in November, 1892, and 
as counselor in November, 1899. He practiced his 
profession in New Brunswick until his appointment 
as Circuit Court Judge in 1914. 

He has served in the New Brunswick Board of 
Aldermen, and as chairman of the Democratic County 
Committee. In 1906 he received a unanimous nomi- 
nation for State Senator in Middlesex county and 
conducted a successful campaign on the principle of 
anti-bribery. In 1909 he was renominated and re- 
elected by an increased plurality of 1,879 over Judge 
Hicks, Republican. During his six years service 
as senator he took a very prominent part in legis- 
lation and was one of the leaders of his party. 
In 1912 he was appointed prosecutor of the pleas of 
Middlesex county by Governor Wilson and served in 
that office until August 25th, 1914, when he was made 
a circuit judge by Governor Fielder. He was appointed 
for a full term of office in 1915. His term will expire 
in 1922. His circuit comprises the counties of Passaic, 
Union, Somerset, Sussex and Warren. 

WILLARD W. CUTLER, Morristown. 

Judge Cutler was born in Morristown, Morris county, 
New Jersey, on November 3d, 1856. 

He studied law with his father, Hon. Augustus W. 
Cutler, and upon being admitted to the bar at once 
began the practice of his profession. 

In December, 1882, he was appointed by Governor 
George C. Ludlow, Prosecutor of the Pleas for Morris 
county, to fill a vacancy, and continued to hold that 
position by re-appointments until 1893 when he re- 
signed to accept the position of President Judge of 
the Inferior Court of Common Pleas of that county. 

Upon the completion of his term as President Judge 
in 1898, he resumed the practice of law, having his 
office in his home town, and continued in active prac- 
tice until he accepted the position of Circuit Court 
Judge in 1916. 

The Judge has been assigned to the Essex Circuit. 
His term will expire in 1923. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 377 



Lay Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

(Term of office, six years. Compensation, $20 a day 
for actual service. No mileage.) 

JOHN JOSIAH WHITE, Atlantic City. 

Judge White was born on his father's farm near 
Mount Holly, Burlington county, N. J., August 16, 
1863. He is the eldest son of Josiah White and Mary 
Kirby (Allen) White, the ancestors of both of whom 
have been earnest members of and often prominent 
ministers in the Society of Friends in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania since the first of them came to America, 
attracted by William Penn's "Invitation to Friends" 
emigrated thither in search of religious liberty dur- 
ing the latter part of the seventeenth century. Among 
these direct ancestors of Judge White who thus emi- 
grated to America were Christopher White, who 
came in 1677 and settled at Alloways creek, Salem 
county, N. J.; William Haines, who settled at Bur 
lington in 1682; also Samuel Smith, in 1694, who was 
a member of Assembly until his death in 1718; Jo- 
seph Kirkbride, who came to Philadelphia in 1682, 
and Mahlon Stacy, who settled in what is now South 
Trenton, in 1678, all from England, and besides these 
other distinguished ancestors from the same country. 
Another ancestor was Isaac Shoemaker, from Cres- 
heim (now Kriegshein) on the Rhine, who was one 
of a party of eighty German Quakers who founded 
Germantown. 

Judge White attended Swarthmore College two 
years, leaving at the end of his sophomore year to 
enter as a student of law in the office of Nathan H. 
Sharpless, one of the leaders of the Philadelphia bar. 
He also attended the law school of the University of 
Pennsylvania, receiving his B. L. degree in 1884. He 
was admitted the same year to the bars of Philadel- 
phia and Delaware counties, and three years later to 
the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. He 
continued in active practice in Philadelphia until 
1901, when he removed to Atlantic City and with his 
father and two brothers built the Marlborough-Blen- 
heim hotel, of which they have since continued to be 
the sole owners and managers. 

On June 14, 1911, he was appointed by Governor 



378 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Wilson a lay Judge of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Judge 
George R. Gray. In politics the Judge is a Republi- 
can. On January 29th, 1912, the Judge was nominated 
for a full term of office and was duly confirmed by 
the Senate. His term will expire in 1918. 

HENRY S. TERHUNE, Long Branch. 

Judge Terhune was born at Matawan, N. J., June 9th, 
1860. He is a son of the late William L. Terhune, and 
nephew of the late Henry Stafford Little. He is a 
graduate of Princeton University and Columbia Law 
School. He studied law with Hon. John S. Applegate, 
of Red Bank. Was admitted as an attorney in 1885, 
and as a counselor in 1890. He has practiced law at 
Long Branch since his admission. For many years Mr. 
Terhune w^as Chairman of the Democratic Executive 
Committee of his county, and in 1892 was elected to the 
State Senate. Mr. Terhune was appointed a Judge of 
the Court of Errors and Appeals by Governor Wilson 
on February 3d, 1913, for a term of six years. His term 
will expire in 1919. 

ERNEST J. HEPPENHEIMER, Jersey City. 

Judge Heppenheimer was born in Jersey City, N. J., 
February 24th, 1869, and is in the life insurance busi- 
ness. He attended Public School No. 8 in Jersey City 
until ten years of age, then spent three years at school 
in Germany. Upon returning to America he went to 
Peekskill Military Academy for three years, and fin- 
ished at Phillips Academy, Anover, Mass. He was a 
member of the firm of F. Heppenheimer's Sons, litho- 
graphers, in New York, until its formation into the 
American Lithographic Company, when he retired to 
engage in cattle raising in Texas. He conducted an 
extensive cattle ranch until 1897, when he returned to 
his native city. Together with prominent business men 
of the State he founded the Colonial Life Insurance 
Company of America, with its head office in Jersey 
City; became Secretary in 1897, Second Vice-President 
in 1902, and succeeded the late E. F. C. Young as Presi- 
dent in 1906. He was President of the Board of Alder- 
men, Jersey City, January, 1910, to June, 1913, when 
the commission form of government came into ex- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 379 

istence. He served as Commissioner of Finance, Jer- 
sey City, 1910 to 1913; "v^'as a Presidential elector in 
1912; President New Jersey Harbor Commission, 1912 
to 1913, and resigned the latter position in March, 
1913, after appointment by Governor "Wilson as Judge 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals. His term will ex- 
pire in 1919. 

ROBERT WILLIAMS, Paterson. 

Judge Williams was born in Paterson, N. J., March 
16th, 1860, and is a lawyer by profession. He was 
graduated from Princeton College in 1881, and from 
Columbia College Law School in 1884. He studied 
law with his father, the late Senator Henry A. Wil- 
liams, in Paterson. In 1884 he was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney, and in 1887 as a counselor. He 
was a member of the House of Assembly in 1890 and 
1891, and in the latter year received the minority 
nomination for Speaker. In 1894 he was elected to 
the State Senate from Passaic county and served a 
full term of three years. He served on various im- 
portant committees and in 1896 he was chosen to fill 
a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate upon the 
resignation of Lewis A. Thompson, of Somerset. In 
1897 Mr. Williams was elected president for a full 
term. He has represented Passaic county as a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Committee. Upon the 
resignation of General Joseph W. Congdon, as a 
member of the Board of Railroad Commissioners, 
March 17th, 1909, Mr. Williams was appointed to the 
vacancy, resigning from the Board of Riparian Com- 
missioners, of which he had been a member since 
1904, being chairman at the time of his resignation. 
His term expired on May 1st, 1913. The death • of 
Judge Conger of the Court of Errors and Appeals 
occurred on May 1st, 1914, and Governor Fielder 
appointed Mr. Williams to the vacancy. He was ap- 
pointed for a full term in 1915 and his term expires 
in 1921. 

FRANK M. TAYLOR, Hackensack. 

Judge Taylor was born in Fairview, Bergen countj% 
July 23d, 1873. He moved to Hackensack, N. J., in 
1880, where he has since resided. He has been a 
member of the firm of Lasher & Taylor, general 
agents of Hartford Fire Insurance Compan3^ for past 



380 BIOGRAPHIES. 

twenty years, having charg-e of the company's affairs 
for the States of New York and New Jersey. He 
served as president and member of the governing- 
body of Hackensack for a period of six years. 

In 1913, was appointed by Governor Fielder to serve 
as his personal military aide with rank of Colonel; 
was re-appointed to that position by Acting- Governor 
Taylor and re-appointed in 1914 by Governor Fielder, 
which position he still holds. He was appointed by 
Governor Fielder, Judge of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals in 1915. His term expires April, 1921. In 
politics he is a Democrat. 

WALTER P. GARDNER, Jersey City. 

Judge Gardner was appointed by Governor Fielder 
to succeed Judge "Vredenburgh, whose term expired 
February 8th, 1916. He has been a resident of Jersey 
City since his birth there in 1869. 

After being graduated from the Jersey City High 
School in 1886, he was employed in the First National 
Bank of New York City. Meanwhile he commenced 
the study of law in association with Marshall Van 
Winkle, having registered in the office of John Linn, 
but discontinued same to take up a course in bank 
accounting and commercial law. After a service of 
nine years with the bank, he was made cashier of the 
banking house of Groesbeck & Sterling and on Mr. 
Sterling's death, became a partner in the new firm, of 
Groesbeck & Co., members of the New York Stock 
Exchange. 

In 1911 Judge Gardner was elected a director in 
the New Jersey Title Guarantee and Trust Company 
of Jersey City, and two years later retired from the 
bond business to take up the active duties of a vice- 
president of that trust company, which position he 
continues to hold. 

Judge Gardner is a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the New Jersey State Bankers Association, 
and is president of the Hudson county group of banks. 

In 1913 he was appointed by President Wilson a 
member of the New Jersey Commission for the 
Panama-Pacific International Exposition and served 
on its Executive Committee. In politics. Judge Gard- 
ner is a Republican. His term expires in 1922. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 381 

U. S. OFFICERS FOR NEW JERSEY. 

District Attorney. 

CHARLES FRANCIS LYNCH, Paterson. 

Mr. Lynch was born in Franklin borough, Sussex 
county, N. J., January 9th, 1884. His offices are in 
the Post-Office Building, Newark, and at 140 Market 
street, Paterson. He attended the public schools at 
Franklin in 1901, removed to Paterson and entered 
the law offices of Michael Dunn, now Prosecutor of 
the Pleas, as a student and clerk, remained there 
several years and then entered the law offices of Pierce 
& Greer, New York City. He was admitted to the bar 
of New Jersey at the November term, 1906. Shortly 
thereafter he became associated with Congressman, 
now United States Senator, William Hughes, in the 
practice of law. Mr. Lynch was appointed Second U. 
S. District Attorney in June, 1913, was promoted to 
First Assistant in September, 1914, and became District 
Attorney, May 29th, 1916. 



Clerk U. S. District Court. 

GEORGE T. CRANMER, Trenton. 
Mr. Cranmer was born at Barnegat, N. J., December 6th, 
1848. He was formerly engaged In the banking and broker- 
age, real estate and insurance business. He has been an 
active member of the State National Guard for a number 
of years, and from 1875 to 1899 was Quartermaster of the 
Seventh Regiment. In 1878 he was the Republican candi- 
date for member of Assembly, but was defeated by Hon. 
Rufus Blodgett, since a United States Senator, In Sep- 
tember, 1879, without his solicitation, he was appointed by 
President Hayes Collector of Customs for the District of 
Little Egg Harbor, N. J., which office he resigned July 1st, 
1880. In 1882 he was again nominated for member of As- 
sembly and elected over William J. Harrison by a majority 
of 477. In 1883 he was unanimously nominated for Senator, 
and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a plur- 
ality of 36. In 1886 he was renominated for Senator, and 
elected over Judge Richard H. Conover by a plurality of 
743. In 1889 he was again unanimously renominated for Sen- 
ator, and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a 



382 BIOGRAPHIES. 

I 
plurality of 272. He always took an active part In the pro- 
ceedings of the Senate, and for many years was Chairman 
of the Senate Republican caucus, and also of the joint 
Republican caucus. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated 
by the Republican caucus for President of the Senate. He 
was an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Repub- 
lican Convention at Chicago in 1888, and also to the Minne- 
apolis Convention in 1892. In October, 1891, at a convention 
of the State League of Republican Clubs, he was elected 
an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Convention 
of Republican Clubs. He was appointed to his present 
ofHce by the late Judge Green, in January, 1893, to succeed 
Linsly Rowe. who had resigned. No fixed salary, but In- 
stead, fees. 



United States Marshal. 

ALBERT BOLLSCHWEILER, Perth Amboy. 

Mr, Bollschweiler was born in Schopfheim, Baden, 
Germany, April 26th, 1860. He was educated in ward 
schools, and after graduation he entered upon his life's 
work in clay products as an apprentice in Wiesbaden, 
Germany. Later he went to Switzerland and spent two 
years, returned to Germany, and from there came to 
the United States in 1882. He began operating in the 
terra cotta business in Boston, and came from that city 
to Perth Amboy, went to Chicago, and on February 23d, 
1888, he settled permanently in Perth Amboy. He en- 
gaged in the terra cotta business for himself in 1890, 
and became one of the founders of the Standard Terra 
Cotta Works, now a branch of the Atlantic Terra Cotta 
Company. He served as its president and general man- 
ager. He specialized in the manufacture of ceramic 
products, and became president of the Perth Amboy 
Ceramic Company. Mr. Bollschweiler is a member of 
Raritan Lodge, No. 661, F. and A. M.; Perth Amboy 
Lodge, No. 784, B. P. O. E.; Middlesex Council, Royal 
Arcanum; Perth Amboy Camp, W. O. W., and of Local 
No. 273, American Federation of Musicians. He was 
elected for three consecutive terms to serve as Mayor 
of Perth Amboy, beginning in 1907, serving about five 
years, until he became Sheriff of Middlesex county in 
1911, which position he resigned to accept the appoint- 
ment of United States Marshal in December, 1913, His 
term is four years, and salary $3,000 per annum. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 383 

STATE OFFICERS. 

Secretary of State. 

THOMAS F. MARTIN. 

Mr. Martin was born in Hartford, Conn., January 
30th, 1868. He is a newspaper editor and publisher 
by profession and for the past fifteen 3'ears he has 
been the owner and editor of the Hudson Dispatch, 
published at Union Hill, Hudson county. This paper 
has grown from a local daily to one which now has 
an extensive circulation' throughout the county of 
Hudson and a State-wide influence. 

Mr. Martin is a member of Palisade Council No. 
483, Knig-hts of Columbus, the Cartaret Club of Jersey 
City, and a charter member of the North Hudson 
Board of Trade. His legislative career began in 1911. 
He served in the House of Assembly that year, in 
1912, and- again in 1913. He was again elected to 
the House of 1915, when he was chosen as the leader 
of the Democratic members on the floor. 

Mr. Martin takes more gratification out of the re- 
sult of his efforts in connection with the attempt to 
enact Morris Canal legislation than any other bill 
in the passage or defeat of which he played any part. 
As the Democratic leader Mr. Martin vigorously op- 
posed legislation that he thought would prove detri- 
mental to the best interests of the State, and time 
has justified the position taken by him. 

When Governor Fielder was called upon to name 
a new Secretary of State because of the death of 
David S. Crater, the then secretary, Mr. Martin was 
accorded a tribute such as has never before been ex- 
tended to any man in this State. Every member of 
the House of Assembly, of which he was a member, 
waited upon the Governor, and regardless of their 
politics, they asked for the naming of Mr. Martin to 
the place. Governor Fielder named Mr. Martin as 
Secretary of State, April 5th, 1915, for a term of five 
years. The salary is $6,000 per year. 



384 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Assistant Secretar>' of State. 

WILLIAM L. DILL, Paterson. 

Mr. Dill was born in Freeburgh, Pa., March 15th, 
1874. His father was Major "William H. Dill, com- 
mander of the famous 118th Regiment N. Y. Vol. 
Inf., and one of the foremost educators in the State 
of Pennsylvania at the time of his death. 

Mr, Dill came to New Jersey in 1888 and at once 
engaged in the fire and life insurance business; he 
was named by the late John Hinchliffe as private 
secretary to the mayor in 1902, and served in that 
capacity during the fire, floods and labor troubles 
which trinity of disasters made Paterson famous the 
world over. After his retirement from the mayor's 
office on December 31st, 1903, he was named secretary 
of the Passaic River Flood District Commission and 
upon the completion of this work was appointed 
secretary of the Taxpayers' Association of Paterson, 
a civic organization banded together to do the work 
which a Board of Trade would have done, had such 
a body existed in the silk city. He resigned this 
position to become clerk to the Board of Fire and 
Police Commissioners in 1908 and remained with such 
board until December 31st, 1913, when he resigned. 

Mr. Dill was for many years secretary to the Demo- 
cratic Senate Minority and when his party assumed 
control of the Senate, he was unanimously chosen 
by his party as Senate Secretary for the years 1913 
and 1914, He was a member of the Passaic County 
Board of Taxation for four years, serving as president 
during the last three years of his term. Mr. Dill 
resigned from the tax board to assume the duties of 
Assistant Secretary of State, to which office he was 
appointed on April 5th, 1915. His term will expire 
in 1920. 

In politics Mr. Dill has always been an ardent 
Democrat and is regarded as one of the best organizers 
within the ranks of his party. His acquaintance is 
State wide. He is at present secretary of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 385 

State Treasurer, 

WILLIAM THACKARA READ, Camden. 

Senator Read was born in Camden, N. J., Novem- 
ber 22d, 1878, and is a counsellor-at-law of New Jer- 
sey. He was educated in the public schools of Cam- 
den and William Penn Charter School of Philadel- 
phia and was graduated from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1900 with degree of Bachelor of Science. 
He was registered as a law student in the office of J. 
Willard Morgan, former State Comptroller, and at- 
tended the Law School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney at the November term, 1903, and as a 
counsellor three years later. Since his admission he 
has practised law at Camden. He is vice-president, also 
solicitor, of the First National Bank of Camden, and so- 
licitor of the Mutual Building and Loan Association of 
Camden; a director of the West Jersey Trust Company 
of Camden, and of the Colestown Cemetery Company; 
also a member of the Board of Managers of Camden 
County Bar Association, member of the New Jersey So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania, of the New Jersey State Bar As- 
sociation, and of the American Bar Association, and has 
been district examiner of the Board of Education of 
the city of Camden over eight years; has been Solicitor 
of the borough of Riverton from January 1st, igiQ to 
J914, and of the township of Voorhees from January 1st, 
1911 to 1914. In March, 1909, he was appointed second 
lieutenant of the Third Regiment, N. G. N. J., and as- 
signed to the First Battalion as Quartermaster ana 
Commissary. In 1909, '10, '11 he was an expert rifle- 
man, a member of the Third Regiment rifle team 1910^- 
11, and a member of New Jersey State Rifle Team, 1910. 
In the spring of 1913 he was appointed to serve on the 
staff of Adjutant-General Sadler with the rank of Ma- 
jor. He is a member of Camden Lodge, No. 15, F. and 
A. M., Siloam Chapter, Van Hook Council, Excelsior 
Consistory 32d Degree, Tall Cedars of Lebanon and 
Crescent Temple. He is also a member of the American 
Academy of Political and Social Science, the Army 
and Navy Club of New York and the Union League 
of Philadelphia. In 1911 he was elected to the Senate 
by a plurality of 1,255 over French, Democrat, and in 
25 



386 BIOGRAPHIES. 

1914 his plurality over Bleakly, Democrat, was in- 
creased to 9,530. 

He was also a member of the Jury Reform Commis- 
sion. He was minority leader on the floor of the Sen- 
ate in 1913 and 1914, and majority leader in 1915. He 
was President of the Senate in 1916 and discharged 
the duties of the office with much ability and im- 
partiality. He resigned the office of State Senator on 
March 29th, and became State Treasurer on April 1st. 
His term is three years and will expire March 1st, 
1919. His salary is $6,000 per annum. 



State Comptroller. 

The term of Edward I. Edwards who was elected 
State Comptroller February 7th, 1911, and re-elected 
in 1914, expired on February 20th, 1917. His successor 
was not elected when this part of the Manual went 
to pre£,s. 



State Purcliasing Agent. 

EDWARD E. GROSSCUP, Wenonah. 

Mr. Grosscup was born in Bridgeton, Cumberland 
county, August 2, 1860, and is a son of the late Charles 
C. and Anna D. Grosscup. The father, Charles C. 
Grosscup, was a member of the Legislature In 1870 
and 1871. 

Mr. Grosscup, the subject of this sketch, has been 
prominent in Democratic politics in New Jersey for 
years. In 1896 he was the candidate of his party In 
Cumberland county for sheriff and in 1898 was the 
Democratic nominee In the same county for State Sen- 
ator against Governor Edward C. Stokes. 

In 1899 Mr. Grosscup changed his residence from 
Cumberland to Gloucester county and in the latter 
county in 1906 was the opponent of ex-Senator J. 
Boyd Avis for the Assembly. In 1908 Mr. Grosscup 
was the Democratic candidate for Congress in the 
first district against Congressman Henry C. Louden- 
slager. For years Mr. Grosscup served as a member 
of the State Board of Education. He Is at present a 
member of the Democratic State Committee, represent- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 387 

ing Gloucester county, and while a resident of Cum- 
berland county served in a similar capacity as rep- 
resentative of that county. 

Mr. Grosscup is extensively engaged In real estate 
operations. Governor Wilson nominated him as a 
member of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes 
on April 20, 1911, for a term of five years and he was 
immediately confirmed by the Senate. 

He resigned that office to assume the duties of State 
Treasurer, for which he was chosen by a joint meet- 
ing of the Legislature held on January 28th, 1913, 
On August 24th, 1911, he was elected Chairman of the 
Democratic State Committee, and he was re-elected in 
1913-16. He rendered very effective service to his 
party during the Presidential campaign of 1912, and 
in tlie Gubernatorial campaign of 1913, and also did 
hard work in the Presidential and Gubernatorial cam- 
paign of 1916. He was nominated as Purchasing 
Agent by Governor Fielder March 21st, 1916, and 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate on the twenty- 
ninth of that month. His term is five years axad sal- 
ary, $5,000 a year. 



Attorney-General. 

JOHN WESLEY WESCOTT, Camden. 

Mr. Wescott was born at Waterford, N. J., Feb- 
ruary 20th, 1849. He received a common school edu- 
cation under Charles T. Reed, whom he afterward 
succeeded as judge of the Court of Common Pleas 
of Camden county. He served in that office from 
1884 until 1887. At the age of sixteen Mr. Wescott 
entered Wilbraham Academy, Massachusetts, and was 
graduated three years later. Then he entered Yale 
College and spent four j-ears in tlie classical depart- 
ment and three years in the law department. In 
1872 he was graduated from the former and in 1876 
from the latter. 

In 1876 Mr. Wescott was admitted to the Connecti- 
cut bar; in 1878 was admitted as an attorney, and 
in 1881 as a counselor of the New Jersey bar. He 
began his practice in Camden in 1879 and subse- 
quently was appointed a -special master in Cliancery. 
He was a Presidenfal elector on the Cleveland ticket 
in 1S92 Mr, Wescott nominated Frank S. Katzenbach 



388 BIOGRAPHIES. 

as a candidate for Governor in opposition to Wood- 
row Wilson at the Democratic convention in 1910, and 
in 1912 as chairman of the New Jersey delegation 
at the Baltimore National Convention nominated 
Woodrow Wilson as a candidate for President of the 
United States, He is a life-long Democrat and a 
member of the Masonic fraternity. 

On January 20th, 1914, Governor Fielder nominated 
Mr. Wescott to the office of attorney-general and he 
was promptly confirmed by the Senate. His term is 
five years and salary $7,000 a year. 



Assistant Attorney-General. 

HERBERT BOGGS, Newark. 

Mr. Boggs was born at Swedesboro, New Jersey. 
He graduated from Rutgers College, and studied law 
with the firm of Parker & Keasbey of Newark; was 
admitted as attorney-at-law^ in November, 1876, and 
as counselor in November, 1879. Since his admission 
to the bar, he has practiced his profession and re- 
sided in Newark. He was appointed assistant at- 
torney-general in March, 1914, to succeed Nelson B. 
Gaskill. He was city attorney of Newark from April, 
1900, to January, 1903, and again from 1911 until his 
appointment as assistant attorney-general. 



Second Assistant Attorney-General. 

THEODORE BACKES, Trenton. 

Mr. Backes was born in Trenton, N. J., March 10th, 
1873. He studied law with the late Attorney-General 
Stockton, having entered his employ in the attorney- 
general's department in the year 1890. He took 
charge of the attorney-general's department in the 
year 1894, when the late William Y. Johnson was 
compelled to leave the same by reason of illness, 
which resulted in his death the following year. He 
was admitted as an attorney-at-law of the Supreme 
Court in 1898, having previously practiced the art of. 
stenography, and was admitted as a counselor-at-law 
in 1903. and has been continuously in the attorney- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 389 

general's department from the time of his first em- 
ployment in the early part of 1890. He was appointed 
second assistant attorney-grleneral in 1913 by the 
Hon. Edmund Wilson, after the passage of an act of 
the Legislature for that purpose. Under the terms 
of the act under which he was appointed, he has 
no fixed term of office, but is in the exempt class of 
the Civil Service Law. His salary is $4,800 per year. 
Mr. Backes is the youngest of five brothers who are 
members of the bar of this State. 



Adjutant-GeuxiTal, 

CHARLES W. BARBER, Woodbury. 

General Barber, Major U. S. Army, retired, was born 
near Woodbury, New Jersey, on September 21st, 1872. 
He attended the New Jersey public schools and gradu- 
ated from Pierce Business College in Philadelphia. 
At various times he was in the employ of the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Railroad Company's transpor- 
tation department in Philadelphia, of G. G. Green of 
Woodbury, of the Electric Storage Battery Company 
of Philadelphia and of the Hon. S. H. Grey, a former 
attorney-general of New Jersey, under whom he was 
a clerk and law student. 

He served as a member of the National Guard of 
New Jersey from May 31st, 1890, until October 11th, 
1899, as a private, corporal and then Second Lieutenant 
of Company E, Sixth Regiment, and later Company 
I, Third Regiment, voluntarily resigning in October, 
1899, on his departure for the Philippine Islands with 
the 28th U. S. Volunteers. 

General Barber entered the military service of the 
United States in July, 1898, as Second Lieutenant of 
the 4th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, and served 
with the regiment at Sea Girt, N. J., Camp Meade, 
Pa., and Greenville, S. C, until muster-out with the 
regiment in March, 1899. 

He was commissioned First Lieutenant of the 28th 
U. S. Volunteer Infantry in July, 1899, and served 
during all its Philippine expeditions until mustered 
out in May, 1901, and was commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant in the Regular Army in July following; served 



390 BIOGRAPHIES. 

in the Philippine Islands from May, 1902, one year 
and then again from 1906 to 1908. He served in all 
grades until he reached the rank of Major. He was 
detailed on detached service with the Isthmian Canal 
Commission and was assigned to duty with the De- 
partment of Civil Administration by Colonel Goethals. 
His Panama service extended from 1909 to 1915. He 
retired from active service on September 1st, 1916, and 
was appointed Adjutant-General of New Jersey in 
December, 1916, by Governor Fielder, and by Governor 
Edge in January, 1917, as a successor to General Sadler 
who died November 10th, 1916. 



Q,uartermaster-General. 

C. EDWARD MURRAY, Trenton. 

General Murray was born in LambertvlUe, N. J., July 
17th, 1863. He is the only son of J. Howard Murray and 
Wilhelmina Solllday Murray, and came to Trenton with 
his parents in 1865. He received his education at the State 
Model School and the Stewart Business College. In 1883 
he became associated with his father in the mechanical 
rubber manufacturing business. In 1892 he became sole 
proprietor of the business, and to-day has other large 
manufacturing interests. From boyhood he has taken a 
great deal of interest in affairs of the city of Trenton, as 
well as the Republican party, and in 1894 he was elected 
City Clerk, which office he kept until he declined re-elec- 
tion In 1904. In 1900 he represented the Second Congres- 
sional District as alternate to the National Republican 
Convention and In 1904 was elected a delegate to represent 
the Fourth Congressional District at the National Repub- 
lican Convention. 

His military career began with his enlistment In Com- 
pany A, Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., December 12, 1885. 
On June 30, 1890. the late Brigadier-General William H. 
Sklrm, then Colonel of the Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., 
appointed him Paymaster of the Regiment with the rank 
of first lieutenant. On June 30, 1895, he was commissioned 
Captain and Paymaster. On May 2. 1899, he was retired 
under the act reorganizing the National Guard. March 8, 
1905, Governor Edward C. Stokes appointed him Quarter- 
master-General, to succeed the late Brevet Major-General 
Richard A. Donnelly, and was commissioned Brigadier- 
General April 5, 1905. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 391 

General Murray Is one of the best known and most pop- 
ular amonff the public men of Trenton, He has distin- 
guished himself as a leader of his party and many of Its 
victories m Trenton and Mercer county are mostly to his 
credit. He has a host of friends among people of all 
shades of political opinion, and as an employer of labor he 
stands high In the estimation of wage workers. 



Clerk of the Supreme Court. 

WILLIAM C. GEBHARDT, Clinton. 
Mr. Gebhardt was born at Croton, Hunterdon county, 
N. J., March 28, 1859, and is a lawyer. He was gradu- 
ated at the Clinton Institute, and was admitted to the 
bar at the June term, 1884, as an attorney, and at the 
June term, 1887, as a counselor. He began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Clinton, N. J., and still retains 
an office there, having one also at 259 Washington 
street, Jersey City. He served as Corporation Coun- 
sel of the town of Clinton for ten years, and as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Education three years. He has 
also filled the position of School Principal. In 1900 he 
was elected to the State Senate by a plurality of 
1,281, in 1906 was again elected by a plurality of 961, 
and in 1909 was re-elected for a third term by a ma- 
jority of 2,237. This was the largest majority ever 
given a Senator in Hunterdon county, and Mr. Geb- 
hardt was the only Senator who was ever elected for 
more than one term in Hunterdon since the adoption 
of the new State Constitution. During his legislative 
career he served on important committees, took an ac- 
tive part in the business of the Senate, and made a 
most creditable record. Governor Wilson appointed 
him to the office of Clerk of the Supreme Court, Febru- 
ary 19th, 1913, to succeed Joseph P. Tumulty, who had 
resigned to become Secretary to the President of the 
United States, and Mr. Gebhardt was at once confirmed 
by the Senate. His term Is five years, and salary 
$6,000 per annum. His term expires March 1st, 1918. 



392 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Clerk in Chancery. 

ROBERT H. McADAMS, Elizabeth. 

Mr. McAdams was born at Millstone, Middlesex 
county, New Jersey, July 18th, 1874, and is an at- 
torney and counselor-at-law; he studied law with 
Honorable Frederick C. Marsh at Elizabeth, and is 
a graduate of the New York Law School; was ad- 
mitted to the bar as an attorney November, 1900, 
and as a counselor June, 1909, and began and is still 
actively engaged in the practice of his profession 
at Elizabeth, with offices in the Kean building. He 
has always been actively and prominently identified 
with the Democratic party. He was a candidate for 
state senator from Union county in 1911, and was 
defeated by Senator Carlton B. Pierce. On March 
13th, 1913, he was appointed by Governor Wilson as 
Judge of the Elizabeth District Court, serving until 
April, 1914, when appointed by Governor James P. 
Fielder as clerk in Chancery, succeeding Senator 
Samuel K. Robbins. Judge McAdams' term as clerk 
in Chancery will expire on April 15th, 1919. The 
salary is $6,000. 



Keeper of the State Prison. 

Thomas B. Madden, who was appointed Keeper 
March 15th, 1912, died April 6th, 1916. Richard T. 
Hughes of Florence, was appointed by Governor 
Fielder to fill the vacancy on April 11th. The Gover- 
nor sent the nomination to the Senate at the special 
session, June 27th, but it was later withdrawn. A 
successor to Mr. Hughes was not named before this 
part of the Manual went to press. 

Mr. Hughes was born in Florence in 1876. He has 
been a member of the State Democratic Committee 
for the last six years. He also served as a member 
of the Burlington County Tax Board, and was a mem- 
ber of the district Board of Education for fourteen 
years. He was one of the organizers of the First 
National Bank of Florence, of which he is a director. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 393 



State Librarian. 

JOHN P. DULLARD, Trenton. 

Mr. Dullard was born at Hightstown, Mercer county, 
N. J., December 9th, 1861. Early in life he took 
up ne^vspaper work in his native town. In 1885, 
during- the first Cleveland administration, he was ap- 
pointed to the Railway Mail Service, which was then 
not under civil service regulations, and was subse- 
quently promoted to be assistant chief clerk in charge 
of the sub-division of the service of which Philadel- 
phia was the central point. Retiring from the Rail- 
way Mail Service in 1889, Mr. Dullard again took up 
newspaper work in Trenton. For the past twenty-two 
years he has been the Trenton representative of the 
Associated Press and also has been connected with 
several Trenton and metropolitan newspapers, largely 
as a political writer. 

In 1899 Mr. Dullard was appointed by Mayor Wel- 
ling G. Sickel a member of the Trenton Board of 
Assessors and served in that office continuously for 
fifteen years, being reappointed by Mayors Frank S. 
Katzenbach, Jr., and Walter Madden and by the new 
City Commission. During- most of that time he was 
president of the board and came to be regarded as 
unusually well versed in matters of taxation. He re- 
signed from the Trenton Board of Assessors upon his 
appointment as State Librarian, February 1st, 1914. 

In politics Mr. Dullard is a Democrat and has been 
prominently identified with the affairs of his party. 
He was always a champion of clean politics, and in 
1906 when chairman of the Executive Committee of 
the Mercer County Democratic Committee, he pub- 
lished after the election a sworn statement of the ex- 
penses incurred by the committee during tlie cam- 
paign. This was five years in advance of the passage 
of any law requiring this to be done. 

Mr. Dullard belongs to a number of fraternal or- 
ganizations. He is Past Grand Knight of Trenton 
Council, Knights of Columbus, and Past State Presi- 
dent of the Ancient Order of Hibernians. 

The term of State Librarian is five years and the 
salary is $3,000 a year. His term expires February 
2d, 1919. 



394 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance. 

GEORGE M. LAMONTE, Bound Brook. 

Mr. LaMonte was born at Danville, Va., In 1863, and 
is a paper manufacturer and farmer. He is a graduate 
of Wesleyan University. He has lived in Bound Brook 
over forty years, owns farms in Bridgewater and 
Warren townships, is president of the corporation of 
George LaMonte & Son, safety paper manufacturers, 
with mills at Nutley, Essex county, N. J., and was 
formerly a director in the First National Bank of 
Bound Brook. He is President of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Bound Brook and a Trustee of the State Home 
for Boys, at Jamesburg, and was also appointed by 
the Legislature in 1912 as a member of the Prison 
Labor Commission. He served as a member of the 
House of Assembly from Somerset county in 1911. Mr. 
LaMonte was a delegate to the Democratic National 
Convention held at Baltimore in 1912, and was a 
strong advocate of the nomination of Governor Wilson 
for the Presidency of the United States. He was 
chosen a Democratic Elector on November 5, 1912. He 
was appointed to his present office by Governor Wil- 
son and assumed its duties on November 1, 1912. 

Mr. LaMonte was nominated for a full term of office 
February 17th, 1913, by Governor Wilson, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. He was re-nominated by Gover- 
nor Fielder in 1916 and confirmed by the Senate. His 
salary is $6,000 per annum. 



Commissioner of Public Roads. 

The term of Edwin August Stevens, Commissioner 
of Public Roads, expired on February 20th, and his 
successor had not been named at the time this part 
of the Manual went to press. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 395 



Coitiinissioner Depnrtnient of Labor. 

(The Bureau of Industrial Statistics is merged with 
this Department.) 

LEWIS T. BRYANT, Atlantic City. 

Colonel Bryant was born In July, 1874, In Atlintlc 
county, N. J. He was graduated from the Pennsylvania 
Military College at Chester, Pa., with the degree of civil 
engineer; was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 1898; 
mustered Into the United States Volunteer Army as Cap- 
tain of Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry July 14th; promoted to Major In the same regi- 
ment in the spring of 1899. and was made Assistant In- 
spector General of the National Guard of New Jersey, 
with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, In the spring of 1899, 
which position he stills holds. On January 8th, 1904, th« 
Colonel was appointed Inspector of Factories and Work 
shops, to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of John 
C. Ward. The title of the office was changed to that of 
Commissioner of Department of Labor by an act of the 
Legislature, and on March 24th, 1904, the Colonel was ap- 
pointed as such by Governor Murphy, and was confirmed 
by the Senate on the next day for a term of three years, 
at $2,500 a year. In 1907 he was given another term 
by Governor Stokes at a salary of $3,500, and he was 
reappointed by Governor Fort in 1910. On February 
18th, 1913, Governor Wilson appointed the Colonel for 
another term of office. The Colonel served as secretary 
of the New Jersey Commission, Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position, from December 9, 1903, until the end. He is 
identified with the hotel interests in Atlantic City. His 
term is three years, and his salary is $6,000 per annum. 
He served as secretary of the Jamestown Exposition 
Commission. His term will expire September 2d, 1918. 



Assistant Conunlssloner Department of Labor. 

JOHN 1. HOLT, Trenton. 

Mr. Holt was born at Hawthorn, a suburb of Paterson, 
December 4, 1851, and Is a watchmaker by trade. For 
nearly twenty-five years he carried on the business as a 



396 BIOGRAPHIES. 

dealer In clocks, watches, &c., In the city of Paterson. 
He served as a member of the Board of Education for six 
years and was president of that body during the lafit two 
years of his term. In 1885 he was elected Alderman from 
the First ward and was re-elected In 1887. In 1888 he was 
president of the Board. Mr. Holt was an Assemblyman 
from Passaic county In 1889 and 1893 and '94. He served as 
Speaker In the latter year, and at the close of the session 
he resiffned so as to qualify himself for Riparian Com- 
missioner, In which office he served for five years. H« 
was appointed Assistant Commissioner of the Labor De- 
partment in 1905 and re-appointed several times. His 
salary is $3,000 a year. 



Department of Charities and Corrections. 

RICHARD STOCKTON, Trenton. 

Mr. Stockton was born in Princeton, N. J., in 1858; 
the son of John P. Stockton, at one time United States 
Senator, minister to Italy and Attorney-General for 
twenty years. Mr. Stockton attended the famous 
Young- School in Washington, and afterward Columbia 
University in the same city. He was secretary to 
his father during the latter part of his term as United 
States Senator. In 1875 he entered the Navy depart- 
ment in the office of Secretary Robeson, where he 
remained until he resigned and went into business 
in New York City. 

Mr. Stockton remained in New York until President 
Cleveland appointed him Consul to Rotterdam, which 
post he filled for two years and from which he was 
promoted to the diplomatic service ijn charg-e of 
the legation at The Hague. He returned to the United 
States in 1888 and married Clemence Finch, daughter 
of George R. Finch of St. Paul, Minn, After his 
wedding he returned to Holland with his wife to 
complete his official duties there. 

When he resigned from the United States diplo- 
matic service, Mr. Stockton again entered the field 
of commerce, and took up a temporary residence in 
Chicago, where he remained until his return to Tren- 
ton in 1898, becoming treasurer of the Mexican Land 
Company. He was associated at this time with his 
father in the office of the Attorney-General, continuing 



BIOGRAPHIES. 397 

in that position under Attorney-General Grey until 
he resigned for the purpose of developing- a new gas 
company in Trenton, which was the nuf^leus of the 
present Public Service Corporation. He was tlie in- 
troducer of dollar gas in New Jersey. 

Mr. Stockton was named receiver of the Princeton 
Light and Power Company, and later on, receiver 
of the Freehold Light and Power Company, and Ameri- 
can Lamp and Gas Company of Trenton. After set- 
tling the business of these concerns, he associated 
himself with a brokerage firm, since which time he 
has become a partner under the name of Taylor, 
Smith & Hard. 

Mr. Stockton has done some literary work under 
the nom de plume of James Ashley. His story, en- 
titled "From the Grasp of a Title," was a prize win- 
ner in a contest in which the most celebrated authors 
of the day competed. 

He is a member of the American Cross of Honor, 
membership in which organization can only be ob- 
tained by those who have been recognized by the 
United States Government for heroic service. 

His term of office is three years, and will expire 
March 29th, 1918. His salary is $4,000 per annum. 



State Board of Taxes and Assessiuent. 

LUCIUS T. RUSSELL, President, Elizabeth. 

Mr. Russell was born in Mississippi, November 25th, 
1870, but migrated to Texas immediately upon leaving 
Oxford University, where he finished with a special 
course preparatory for the law. He continued teach- 
ing in the public schools (a means whereby he had 
been enabled to complete his education) for three years 
more, and by mere accident became interested in news- 
paper work. He at once dropped teaching and gave up 
all thought of further pursuing law. He subsequently 
owned daily papers in four States and Territories. 

Mr. Russell is the owner and editor of the Elizabeth 
Evening Times. "While always immensely interested 
in public affairs and politics, having aided in develop- 
ing the public utilities commissions and the commis- 
sion form of government for cities in both Texas and 



398 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Oklahoma, Mr, Russell never held or sought public 
office before, with the exception of serving as Secre- 
tary to the President of the Oklahoma Constitutional 
Convention. He was a Wilson-Marshall Presidential 
elector in 1912, and was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Equalization of Taxes by Governor 
Wilson, February 19th, 1913, for a term of five years. 
He was nominated by Governor Fielder as president 
of the new Board of Taxes and Assessments and con- 
firmed by the Senate for a term of three years. It 
expires July 1st, 1918. His salary is $4,000 per annum. 

ISAAC BARBER, Phillipsburg. 

Dr. Barber was born at Forty Fort, Luzerne county, 
Pa., September 4, 1854, and is a physician by profes- 
sion. His father, a native of Warren county, removed 
to his native state in 1858. The doctor received his 
early education in the public schools, entered Blair 
Presbyterian Academy to prepare for college in 1869, 
Lafayette in 1872, and graduated in 1876. He studied 
medicine under the preceptorship of Professor Traill 
Green, of Easton, Pa., and graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in 1879. He served as Medical 
Referee of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company 
in New York city for one year, located in Phillipsburg 
in JuLy, 1880, and has since continued in the active 
practice of his profession. He has served as City 
Physician and was a member of the Board of Health 
for two years. He was appointed Pension Examining 
Surgeon under the Cleveland administration July 1, 
1893. He was elected to the State Senate in 1896 by a 
plurality of 1,130 oyer Cramer, Republican, and served 
a full term of three years, and in 1902 he was elected 
for another term by a plurality of 749 over William 
R. Laire, the Republican candidate. In 1912 he was 
nominated by Governor Wilson as a member of the 
State Board of Assessors for a term of four years, and 
was promptly confirmed by the Senate. Upon the 
creation of the new Board of Taxes' and Assessment 
he was nominated as a member for a three-year term 
by Governor Fielder and was confirmed by the Senate. 
His term of office expires July 1st, 1918, and his 
salary is $3,000 per annum. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 399 

FRANK B. JESS, Haddon Heig:hts. 

Mr. Jess was born In Philadelphia, Pa., November 3d, 
1870, and is a lawyer by profession. He began news- 
paper work as a reporter In 1887, subsequently went 
to Philadelphia as news editor of "The Call," since 
suspended, then became successively news editor. 
Washington correspondent and financial editor of 
"The Bulletin." He was admitted to the New Jersey 
Bar in 1897, having studied law under the supervision 
of his brother, the late William H. Jess. He was a 
member of Council of the borough of Haddon Heights 
from its incorporation, in 1904, to January 1st, 1906, 
and of the Board of Education of Haddon township 
from 1902 till the organization of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Haddon Heights in 1904, and Is still a member 
of the latter board. At present he is Solicitor of the 
borough of Haddon Heights. Mr. Jess served two 
terms, 1907-1908, as an Assemblyman from Camden 
county, and in the latter year he was speaker, when 
he won high commendation as a presiding officer. He 
was appointed Chief Examiner of the Civil Service 
Board on May 8, 1908, and served In that capacity 
until April 16, 1909, when he was nominated and con- 
firmed as a member of the State Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes. He was appointed president of the 
board in 1910, to succeed Carl Lentz, for a term of five 
years. In 1915 he was re-appointed, and upon the 
creation of the new Board of Taxes and Assessment 
Mr. Jess was appointed a member and confirmed by 
the Senate for a term of two years at a salary of 
$3,000 per annum. His term expires July 1st, 1917. 

FREDERIC A. GENTIEU, Pennsgrove. 

Frederic A. Gentieu was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
February 10th, 1872. At the age of six he moved with 
his father to Wilmington, Del. He was educated in the 
public schools of said city, after which he took up the 
study of carpentry and architecture, finishing his 
course with Joseph Seeds & Son, of Wilmington, Del. 

In 1891 he accepted the position of Supervising Fore- 
man of the erection of the first smokeless powder plant 
built in the United States by the E. I. du Pont de 
Nemours Powder Company, at Carney's Point, N. J. 
He continued in this position until 1899, when he ac- 
cepted a position in the chemical laboratory at this 



400 BIOGRAPHIES. 

plant, to study chemistry and the manufacture of gun- 
cotton and smokeless powder under the personal in- 
struction of the Messrs. du Pont. He continued In 
this department until 1905, when he accepted a posi- 
tion as Assistant Superintendent of the above works, 
which position he still continues to hold. 

In politics he has always been a Republican, and 
cast his first vote in Penns Grove for the incorporation 
of the borough in 1894. He has always taken an ac- 
tive interest in borough affairs, and was largely in- 
strumental for the introduction of the high school de- 
partment in the borough. 

He was elected to the Board of Education, and 
served two terms from March 17th, 1903, to March 17th, 
1908, and was President of the board for three years, 
from March 27th, 190^5. 

He ran for Mayor of the borough on the Republican 
ticket in 1907, and was elected. In 1909 he ran to 
succeed himself, and was again elected by an increased 
majority. 

He is a Past State Commander of the Sons of Vet- 
erans of New Jersey; Past Camp Commander of Camp 
33, Sons of Veterans; Past District President of the 
Patriotic Order Sons of America; Past President of 
Camp No. 47, P. O. S. of A.; Past Master of Penns 
Grove Lodge, No. 162, Free and Accepted Masons; a 
member of the Knights of the Golden Eagle and other 
organizations. He is also President of the Penns 
Grove Progressive Club. 

In 1908 he was an Alternate Delegate representing 
the First Congressional' district at the Republican 
Convention at Chicago. He had always been a Re- 
publican until 1912, when he joined the ranks of the 
Progressive (Roosevelt) party. At the primaries of 
1913 he was elected State Committeeman representing 
Salem county in the Progressive (Roosevelt) party. 

He served as a member of the old Board of Asses- 
sors, having been appointed in 1913, until July 1st, 
1915, when, he became a member of the new Board of 
Taxes and Assessment. Governor Fielder appointed 
him to the latter board' for a term of two years. His 
salary is $3,000 per annum. His term expires July 
1st, 1917. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 401 

GEO. T. BOUTON, Jersey City. 

Mr. Bouton was born in the Bergen section of Jer- 
sey City, November 24th, 1854. He is the son of John 
J. and Jean Eraser Bouton, who were among- the 
early settlers of that division of the State, now known 
as Hudson county. Mr. Bouton is a direct descendant 
of John Bouton who migrated to Boston in 1631 and 
subsequently with others assisted in founding the 
present city of Norwalk, Connecticut. 

Mr. Bouton takes particular pride in the fact that 
members of his family have taken part as soldiers of 
the United States in every war in which this country 
has participated from the time of the Revolutionary 
"War down to the Spanish-American War. 

He was educated at home, in the public schools of 
his city, and at Hasbrouck Institute, from which he 
graduated in 1869. He first entered municipal life 
in 1878 when he was attached to the tax department 
of his home city and subsequently in the year 1885, 
resigned to accept a position with the newly ap- 
pointed State Board of Assessors, being engaged in 
the preparation of the first schedules for railroad as- 
sessment. Shortly after the completion of this work 
he was appointed as Chief Clerk of the Board of 
Street and Water Commissioners of Jersey City, and 
served uninterruptedly through different political ad- 
ministrations until July 1st, 1911, when he voluntarily 
retired. Many of the important laws now in force 
in the first class cities of this State were prepared 
by him, while his knowledge of matters of water 
supply and distribution of municipal laws and customs 
and of municipal policies generally w^as such as to 
constitute him an authority on such matters. Mr. 
Bouton is a Democrat and as such was appointed by 
Governor Fielder in 1913 as a member of the former 
Board of Equalization of Taxes, which expired by 
reason of legislative enactment, whereupon he was 
again appointed by Governor Fielder to his present 
position, and was re-appointed in 1916. His term ex- 
pires July 1st, 1919. His salaryis $3,000 per annum. 

FRANK D. SCHROTH, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Schroth was born in Trenton, October 18th, 
1884, and has always resided there. He is a son of 
26 



402 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the late Assemtolyman, John Schroth, and) like his 
father, has always been actively interested in public 
affairs. Mr. Schroth is a newspaper man by profes- 
sion, having- been connected with the Trenton True 
American while a morning- paper, correspondent for 
several out of town papers, and general legislative 
reporter for the Trenton Evening Times up to the 
time of his appointment as Secretary of the State 
Board of Taxes and Assessment. Mr. Schroth was 
secretary to Prosecutor A. M. Beekman of Somerset 
county wihen the latter was Speaker of the House of 
Assembly, during the session of 1914. Later he was 
appointed State Supervisor of Census by the late 
David S. Crater, Secretary of State, and was retained 
in that position by Secretary of State Thomas F. 
Martin, until the work was recently completed. Mr. 
Schroth was appointed secretary on December 14th, 
1915, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Irvine 
E. Maguire. 

FRANK A. O'CONNOR, Clerk and Field Secretary, 
West Orange. 

Mr. O'Connor was born in the city of New York, Au- 
gust 25th, 1867, and is a master plumber. He was 
graduated at St. John's School, Orange, N. J. He was 
Town Assessor, 1894 to 1904; Collector, 1904 to 1912 in- 
clusive, and was again re-elected in 1912. He was the 
first Assessor to tax gas, water, telephone, trolley and 
other public service corporations and advocate right of 
way and franchise taxes, and first Assessor to make 
inspection of New York city tax rolls and discover 
hundreds of thousands of dollars being sworn off in 
that city by men giving New Jersey as their legal resi- 
dence, where they had only summer homes, and paid, 
in many cases, not even a poll tax, with the result of 
adding such sums to New Jersey ratables. 

Mr. O'Connor has been a life long Democrat, and for 
many years served on the State Committee list of 
speakers. He was an Alternate Delegate to the Na- 
tional Democratic Convention at Denver in 1908, from 
the Ninth Congressional district. He was appointed 
clerk of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes in 
April, 1913, and served in that office until July 1st, 
1915, when he became Field Secretary of the New 
Board of Taxes and Assessment. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 403 

Board of Public Utility Commissioners. 

RALPH W. E. DONGES, President, Camden. 

Captain Donges, born at Donaldson, Pa., May 5th, 
1S75, is a son of Dr. John W. Donges and Rose M. 
Donges, and a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
in a private school and Rugby Academy, from which 
he was graduated in 1892. He read law with Hon. 
John W. Wescott, was admitted as an attorney at the 
February term, 1897, and as a counselor at the Febru- 
ary term, 1900. Since his admission he has practiced 
law in Camden, N. J. He was elected Second Lieu- 
tenant of Company C, Third Regiment N. J. N. G., in 
1900; First Lieutenant in 1902, First Lieutenant and 
Battalion Adjutant in 1903, and was Captain and Quar- 
termaster of the Third Regiment from 1905 to 1913. 

Tlie Captain was appointed a member of the Board 
of Public Utility Commissioners by Governor Wilson 
on February 19th, 1913, for a term of six years. He 
took his seat on the board on May 1st, and was then 
elected President. His term will expire in 1919, and 
his salary is $7,500 per annum. 

JOHN J. TREACY, Jersey City. 

Judge Treacy was born in Jersey City, N. J., forty- 
two years ago. He was graduated from St. Peter's 
College, that city, in 1891, attended the New York Law 
School the following year, and received the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws in 1894. Tlie ensuing November he 
was admitted 'to the New York Bar, became associated 
with the law firm of Reed, Simpson, Thacher & Bar- 
num, of which the late Speaker Thomas B. Reed was 
the head, and remained with that firm for several 
years. He was admitted to the New Jersey Bar in 
1901, and has practiced his profession ever since in 
Jersey City. The Judge was a member of the House 
of Assembly in 1902-'03, and in the latter year he was 
tlie leader of the Democratic minority. He was ap- 
pointed Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals by 
Governor Wilson on December 8th, 1911, to fill a 
vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge Mark A. 
Sullivan. On January 29th, 1912, the Judge was nomi- 
nated for a full term of ofllce and was duly confirmed 
by the Senate. He resigned the Judgeship in Feb- 



404 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ruary, 1913. He was nominated by Governor Fielder 
as a member of the Board of Public Utility Com- 
missioners on April 6th, 1914, to fill a vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Winthrop More Daniels, and was 
promptly confirmed by the Senate. His term will 
expire May 1st, 1917. His salary is $7,500 a year. 

JOHN WEBLEY SLOCUM, Long Branch. 

Judge Slocum was born April 23d, 1867, at Long 
Branch, N. J., and he has always made that city 
his home. The name of his ancestor, John Slocum, 
appears in the old records May, 1668, as one of the 
associate patentees of Monmouth county. He was ad- 
mitted to practice as an attorney-at-law of this State 
in June, 1888, and as counselor four years later. Mr. 
Slocum served as city solicitor of Long Branch for 
eight years and was elected Senator from Monmouth 
county in November, 1911. He was chosen president 
of the Senate for the session of 1914, and sworn in 
as acting governor of the State during Governor Field- 
er's western trip in June of that year. 

He is a member of the American Bar Association, 
the New Jersey Bar Association, Trustee of the Mon- 
mouth County Bar Association and a member of the 
Monmouth County Historical Association. He is also 
a large stockholder in the Long Branch Daily Record 
and the president of that corporation. 

At the expiration of his term as Senator, Governor 
James F, Fielder appointed him Judge of the Mon- 
mouth Common Pleas Court. He resigned this po- 
sition May 1st, 1915, to accept the appointment on the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners. In politics 
he is a Democrat and his term will expire May 1st, 
1921. His salary is $7,500 a year, 

ALFRED N. BARBER, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Barber was born In Lambertville, N. J., May 
19th, 1867. In 1884 he entered the employ of the New 
Jersey Steel and Iron Company, working for that com- 
pany until it became absorbed by the American Bridge 
Company, when he resigned as contracting agent to 
accept a position in the sales department of John A. 
Roebllng's Sons Company. He worked In the office 
of the City Clerk of Trenton from April, 1880, to July, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 405 

1884, and served as an Assemblyman from Mercer 
county for three years — 1905, 06 and '07 — and during 
the latter year was Republican leader. Mr. Barber 
was appointed secretary of the Board of Railroad 
Commissioners soon after the creation of that board, 
In 1907. His salary is $4,000. 



Counsel. 

L. EDWARD HERRMANN, Jersey City. 

Mr. Herrmann is a lawyer, was born in Jersey City, 
New Jersey, July 6th, 1876, was educated in the Pub- 
lic Schools of Jersey City, and graduated from the 
Jersey City High School in 1895, from which he 
entered New York University and graduated in 1898. 
Subsequently he attended the New York Law School. 
While a law student he taught in the Night Schools 
of Jersey City, and subsequently became engaged on 
the reportorial staff of the Jersey City News and 
Jersey Journal. He studied law in the offices of John 
L. Keller, John W. Heck and Augustus Zabriskie, and 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in June, 1901, 
and as a counsellor in November, 1908. In politics 
he is a Democrat and was a member of the Board 
of Education of Jersey City for two terms. He served 
as secretary to Governor James F. Fielder during his 
terms as President of the Senate, Acting-Governor 
and Governor, and succeeded Frank H. Sommer as 
counsel to the Board of Public Utility Commissioners 
of the State of New Jersey in May, 1916. He is a 
member of the University Club of Hudson County, 
Carteret Club and Down Town Club. 



State Cl^^l Service CGinmission. 

JOSEPH S. HOFF, Princeton. 

Mr. Hoff was born In Princeton, Mercer county, De- 
cember 8, 1867. He graduated from St. Paul's paro- 
chial school In 1881 and from the Princeton high 
school In 1883. Afterward he took a two-year course 
In a business college at Trenton. Following this Mr. 



406 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Hoff entered the employ of A. S. Leigh, one of Prince- 
ton's leading- business men, who conducted a whole- 
sale and retail market, where Mr. Hoff served first 
as clerk, then as manager, until five years ago, when 
he purchased the business, which he still owns. 

Mr. Hoff served Princeton borough as collector and 
treasurer for nine years, serving- so satisfactorily to 
the people during his first term that he was twice re- 
elected without opposition. Twice, In 1902 and 1905, 
Mr. Hoff was the candidate of his party for sheriff of 
Mercer county, and although the county Is strongly 
Republican, he was defeated in each instance by only 
a small plurality. Mr. Hoff, who is a Democrat, has 
always been active in politics and since 1906 has been 
chairman of the Mercer County Democratic Commit- 
tee. He was elected a member of the Democratic State 
Committee in 1913. 

Mr. Hoff Is prominently identified with the affairs 
of Princeton. He is a member of the Princeton Board 
of Health, Mercer Engine Company, of Princeton's 
volunteer fire department, a director of First Na- 
tional Bank of Princeton and of the Princeton Savings 
Bank, and is a director and treasurer of the Princeton 
Ice Company. He is a member of St. Paul's Church 
of Princeton. 

Mr. Hoff was appointed Civil Service Commissioner 
by Governor Woodrow Wilson on May 8th, 1911, for a 
full term of four years, and in 1915 he was given 
another term by Governor Fielder. His salary is 
$2,000 a year. His term expires May 8th, 1919. 

EDWARD HENRY WRIGHT, Newark. 

Mr. Wright w^as born in Newark, N. J., February 13th, 
1873, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
at St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., from 1885 to 1890, 
and entered the Princeton class of 1894. He studied 
law in the office of McCarter, Williamson & McCarter, 
Newark, and the New York Law School, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar of New Jersey, June 21st, 1897. He 
is the grandson of the late United States Senator Wil- 
liam Wright, of New Jersey, and Steven Thomas Ma- 
son, first Governor of Michigan, and is the son of the 
late Colonel Edward H. Wright, aid on the staff of the 
late Generals Winfield Scott and George B. McClellan. 
He was a member of the House of Assembly in 1907, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 407 

and made a good record as a legislator. Governor Wil- 
son appointed Mr. Wright a Civil Service Commissioner 
on February 17th, 1913, for a term of four vears. He 
succeeded Colonel James Rankin Mullikin, of Newark, 
on May 8th. His salary is $2,000 per annum. His 
term expires May 8th, 1917. 

GEORGE H. BURKE, President, Paterson. 

Mr. Burke was born in Paterson, N. J., February 
29th, 1868. He received his education in the Public 
and St. John's Parochial Schools. At an early age 
he entered the law office of Louis V. Harold, as clerk, 
and later began a newspaper career at the office of 
the Paterson Daily Guardian. Following that he be- 
came city editor of the Paterson Evening News and 
then came a nine years service on the Paterson Press 
while former Secretary of State George Wurts was 
editor-in-chief and one of the publishers. It was 
while on the latter publication that he was appointed, 
on July 8th, 1901, to the position of Division Deputy 
Internal Revenue Collector for the 6th District of New 
Jersey, comprising the counties of Passaic, Bergen 
and Sussex, with headquarters at Paterson, Mr. 
Burke is one of the founders of the Pica Club, the 
newspaper writers' organization of Northern New Jer- 
sey and has been treasurer of that organization since 
its inception. He is a member of the Hamilton Club, 
Paterson Lodge of Elks and numerous other local 
organizations and has always taken an active interest 
in the political and social life of the city. He was 
the Republican nominee for Congress in the old 6th 
District of New Jersey in 1906. He was appointed a 
member of the Civil Service Commission by Governor 
James F. Fielder on May 9th, 1914. His salary is 
$2,500 a year and his term expires May 9th, 1918. 

THEODORE H. SMITH, Jersey City. 

Mr. Smith was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on 
August 4th, 1878, and has lived there since that time. 
He was educated in private and public schools in 
Jersey City and at Trinity School, New York City, 
New York. 

He is descended in a direct line from John Cadmus, 
who was the second male child born in Jersey City. 



408 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Smith's grandfather served two terms as post- 
master of Jersey City. 

After leaving- school, Mr. Smith was employed in 
the law office of Babbitt & Lawrence; later he ac- 
cepted a position with the Chapultepec Land Improve- 
ment Company. This company developed the exquisite 
residential section in the suburb of Mexico City, 
Mexico, which, before the present disturbances in that 
country was known as the "American Colony." He 
is the secretary and a director in this company. He is 
a member of the Jersey City and Carteret Clubs, and 
is also president of the Union Building and Loan 
Association. 

He has been a lifelong- Republican, and was ap- 
pointed by Governor Fielder to the Civil Service Com- 
mission for a term of four years, from May 9th, 1916. 

GARDNER COLBY, Secretary and Chief Examiner, 
East Orange. 

Mr. Colby was born at East Orange, N. J., September 
12, 1864. His father was Gardner R. Colby, who was a 
candidate for the nomination of the Republican party 
for Governor in 1886, but was defeated by Benjamin F. 
Howey. He was graduated from Brown University, in 
the class of 1887, with the degree of A.B., and later 
received the degree of A.M. While in college he was a 
member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society and the Alpha 
Delta Phi fraternity. 

After graduation he went into the dry goods com- 
mission business with his father, and upon his father's 
death became associated with his uncle, the late 
Cliarles L. Colby, in extensive railroad, manufacturing 
and real estate enterprises, in the West. Since his con- 
nection with the Civil Service work he has severed his 
business connections. He is a trustee of Brown Univer- 
sity and Colgate University. His salary is $4,000 per 
annum. 



State Board of Education. 

United States Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen was 
president of this Board at the time he was elected 
United States Senator. For biographical sketch, see 
page 287, under head of United States Senators. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 409 

COL. D. STEWART CRAVEN, Salem. 

Col. Craven was born on a farm near St. Georges, 
DelaT^-are, February 20th, 1873. The family is of 
Scotch Presbyterian ancestry. He was educated in the 
public schools of Salem (to which city his parents 
moved in 1880), at the Lawrenceville Academy, Law- 
renceville, N. J., and at the Virginia Military Institute, 
Lexington, Va. 

The Salem Glass Works were founded by a relative 
of Col. Craven's, in partnership with two other busi- 
ness men of the city, in 1863, and Col. Craven begun 
his business career with this industry in 1892. He 
is now the vice-president, having managed, in turn, 
every department of the extensive business. 

The plant of the Salem Glass Company is counted 
among the most important in the glass industry, 
having over 700 employes and has been noted by the 
absence of friction between the employer and em- 
ployes. Always retaining his love for farming, he 
purchased his first farm in 1907 and is now president 
of the Oakdale Farms Company, operating five large 
farms in Salem county along the most up-to-date lines 
of management and cultivation. He is a member of 
the Patrons of HusbandTy, being connected with 
Salem Grange, P. of H, 

In 1899, General W. J. Sewell, Division Commander 
of the National Guardi of N. J., appointed Mr. Craven 
a member of his staff with the rank of major. In 
1905, he w'as appointed assistant quartermaster-general 
with the rank of colonel, w^hich position he still holds 
and in which he has rendered the State most efl^cient 
service. 

In 1911, Governor Woodrow Wilson appointed him 
a member of the new State Board of Education for 
five years, this board being charged with the impor- 
tant duty of inaugurating the new system of public 
instruction and public school management. 

In 1916 he was appointed for a full term of eight 
years by Governor Fielder. His term expires in 1924. 

JOHN P. MURRAY, Jersey City. 

Mr. Murray was born in Jersey City, in 1872. In 
1891 he was graduated from St. Peter's College, Jer- 
sey City, in which city he resides. In 1893 he was 



410 BIOGRAPHIES. 

graduated from the New York Law School and ad- 
mitted to the New York bar. Since then- he has 
practiced! law in New York City. He was counsel to 
the Senate School Investigation Committee and drafted 
the lawis for the re-organization of the State School 
system. He was also counsel for the Economy and 
Efficiency Commission and drafted the laws for the 
consolidation and re-organization of the various State 
departments. He is a Democrat in politics. 

He was appointedi a member of the State Board of 
Education in 1911, and in 1912 was re-appointed for 
a term of eight years. His term expires in 1920. 



Edmund Burke Osborne was a member of this Board 
when he was elected State Senator from Essex county. 
For biography, see page 306, under head of State 
Senators. 



MELVIN A. RICE, Leonardo, Monmouth Co. 

Mr. Rice was born in New York State, August 13th, 
1871. He was graduated from' the State Normal School 
at Cortland in June, 1890. He is president of Donald 
W. MacLeod & Company, importers of flax and jute, 
690 Broadway, New York City, Mr. Rice was ap- 
pointed in 1911 by Governor "Wilson, a member of the 
State Board of Education, and his term will expire 
in 1919. 

JOHN CHARLES VAN DYKE, New Brunswick. 

Dr. Van Dyke, university professor, was born^ in 
New Brunswick, N. J., April 21st, 1856; son of Judge 
John and Mary Dix (Strong) Van Dyke; studied at 
Columbia; studied art in Europe many years, and 
L. H^ D., Rutgers, 1889; unmarried. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1877, but never practiced; Librarian, 
Sage Library, New Brunswick, since 1878, and Pro- 
fessor of History of Art, Rutgers, since 1889. Is 
lecturer at Columbia, Harvard and Princeton; a mem- 
ber of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. 
Author of "Books and How to Use Them," "Principles 



BIOGRAPHIES. 411 

Of Art," "How to Be Judg-e of a Picture," "Art For 
Art's Sake," "History of Painting," "Oldi Dutch and 
Flemish Masters," "Modern French Masters," "Nature 
For It's Own Sake," "The Desert," "Old English :Mas- 
ters. With Coles' Engravings," "The Meaning of Pic- 
tures," "The Opal Sea," "Studies in Pictures," "The 
Money God," "The New New York," "What Is Art?," 
"New Guides to Old Masters;" Editor of "College His- 
tories of Art," "History of American Art," "The 
Studio," 1883-1884, "American Art Review," "Inter- 
national Quarterly," etc. 

He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education in 1911 and his term expires in 1918. 

THOMAS WHITNEY SYNNOTT, Wenonah. 

Mr. Synnott was born; at Glassboro, N. J., in 1845. 
He is a son of Myles Synnott, M.D., and Harriet 
Heston Whitney Synnott, and was educated in the 
public schools and West Jersey Academy. Eng"aged 
in glass manufacturing at Glassboro in 1865, in con- 
nection with the Whitney Glass Works, and became 
the first president of the company when it "was later 
incorporated. He retained this position until 1892 
when he retired from active business to devote his 
energies to benevolent work. He is still one of the 
largest stockholders in the company. (The glass 
works at Glassboro were acquired by Colonel Thomas 
Heston, the great-grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch, at the close of the Revolutionary War, and 
long known as Heston's Glassworks. Later the name 
was changed to Whitnej^ Glass Works.) 

Mr. Synnott is a trustee of Lincoln University, of 
Keswick Colony, School for Christian Workers, presi- 
dent of Board of Trustees of Princeton Theological 
Seminary, member of Board' of Aid for Colleges of 
the Presbyterian Church, and of the Board of Pub- 
lication and Sabbath School Work of the Presbyterian 
Church, and Executive Committee of the World's S. 
S. Work; of the National Institute of Social Sciences 
and of the National Economic League and of the Union 
League of Philadelphia. He is treasurer of the Inter- 
Church Federation of New Jersey; vice-president of 
the New Jersey State S. S. Asso. and of the Lord's 
Day Alliance of the United States and president of 



412 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the Lord's Day Alliance of New Jersey; president of 
the First National Bank of Glassboro, N. J., and di- 
rector in numerous corporations. 

In politics, a Republican'. Has never held political 
office. He was appointed a menaber of the State 
Board of Ediucation by Governor Fielder and- his 
term expires July 1st, 1923. 

EDGAR HOWARD STURTEVANT, Edgewater. 

Mr. Sturtevant was born in Jacksonville, 111., March 
7th, 1875. He was educated in. the public schools of 
the same town and later in Whipple Academy and 
Illinois College. He received the degree of A.B. from 
Indiana University in 1898, and the degree of Ph.D. 
from the University of Chicago in 1901. He has taught 
ini Maryville College, the University of Missouri, and 
Indiana University, and since 1907 in Columbia Uni- 
versity, where he is now assistant professor of Classi- 
cal Philology. He has lived in Edgewater, Bergen 
county, since June, 1908. 

Governor Fielder appointed Mr. Sturtevant as a 
Democratic member of the State Board of Education 
in 1914. His term will end in 1922. 



Commissioner of Elducation. 

CALVIN N. KENDALL, Trenton. 

Mr. Kendall was born in Augusta, N. T., February 
8th, 1858. He was graduated from Hamilton College 
with the degree of A.B. in 1882. He has received the 
following honorarj'- degrees: A.M. from. Yale in 1900, 
and from the University of Michigan in 1909; Litt.D. 
from Hamilton College in 1911, and from Rutgers 
College in 1912; and LL.D. from New York University 
in 1913. 

As an educator, Mr. Kendall has had a long and suc- 
cessful career. He was a teacher in the rural schools 
of New York State for two years; principal of the 
Jackson High School, Jackson, Mich., 1885 to 1886; 
superintendent of schools in Jackson, 1886 to 1890; 
superintendent of schools, Saginaw, Mich., 1890 to 
1892; superintendent of schools. New Haven, Conn., 



BIOGRAPHIES. 413 

1895 to 1900; superintendent of schools, Indianapolis, 
and a member of the State Board of Education, In- 
diana, 1900 to July, 1911. 

In addition to the positions already mentioned, Mr. 
Kendall has been a lecturer at the summer schools of 
the following universities: Chicago, Indiana, Wiscon- 
sin, Columbia, Iowa, Illinois and California. He has 
been president of the Connecticut Council of Educa- 
tion; president of the Connecticut State' Teachers' 
Association; president of the Southern Indiana Teach- 
ers' Association, and president of Indiana State Teach- 
ers' Association. He was also a member of the com- 
mission of three appointed by the United States Com- 
missioner of Education to investigate and report upon 
the Baltimore schools during the spring of 1911. 

Mr. Kendall has been offered the superintendency 
of the schools of Washington, Louisville, Rochester 
and Springfield (Mass.), and since coming to New Jer- 
sey he has twice been offered the superintendency of 
the schools of Detroit. 

He was appointed to his present office by Governor 
Wilson, on July 14th, 1911, and in 1916 he was re- 
appointed by Governor Fielder. His term expires in 
1921. The salary is $10,000 a year. 



State Department of Health. 

WILLIAM H. CHEY/, President, Salem. 

Mr. Chew was born in Camden, September 18th, 
1871, and is the eldest son of the late Sinnickson 
Chew. He received his education! in the private 
schools in Camden and at Rugby Academy, Phila- 
delphia. In 1890 he engaged in business with his 
father- in the publication of the West Jersey Press 
at Camden and the Standard at Salem. He has con- 
tinued in the printing and publishing business ever 
since, being president of the Sinnickson Chew^ & Sons 
Company, of Camden, and: the Standard and Jersey- 
man Company, of Salem. 

Mr. Chew has been connected with the New Jersey 
National Guard since 1908, serving first as captain 
and paymaster of the Third Infantry, then assistant 
paymaster-general, and at present under the re-organi- 



414 BIOGRAPHIES. 

zation of the guard as major and disbursing officer, 
Quartermaster Corps. 

Mr. Chew was chosen the first secretary of the 
New Jersey Forest Park Reservation Commission. In 
1907 he was appointedi by Governor Stokes a member 
of the State Sewerage Commission and when that 
Commission was merged^ witli the State Board of 
Health in 1908, he was appointed by Governor Fort 
to that board, and served until July 1st, 1915, being 
vice-president of the board for the last two years of 
his term. Mr. Chew has for many years taken an 
active interest In' public health work and is a member 
of a number of societies. When the present De- 
partment of Health was created Mr. Chew was ap- 
pointed to it by Governor Fielder and when the board 
organized he was elected president of the department. 
He was re-appointed for a full term in 1916, which 
extends to July 1st, 1920. 

DR. HENRY SPENCE. Jersey City. 
Dr. Spence was born at Starkey, N. Y., December 
30thv 1865, where his father, Dr. Byron Spence, began 
the practice of medicine in. 1850. Dr. Spence prepared 
for the study of medicine at the Penn Yan Academy, 
Penn Yan, N. Y., where he was graduated in 1886. 
He took further preparation for medicine at Cornell 
University during the years 1888 and 1889, going from 
there to the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 
New York from which he graduated' in 1892. Follow- 
ing a year of internship at Christ Hospital in^ Jersey 
City, 1892, 1893, he took up the practice of medicine 
in Jersey City where he has continued' in the pro- 
fession up to the present time. From 1893 until 1901 
he was assistant visiting surgeon to Christ Hospital, 
following which he was elected to the post of surgeon. 
At present he is visiting surgeon (female division) 
to St. Francis Hospital, lecturer to the Christ Hos 
pital Training School for Nurses, and for the Training 
School for Nurses at the City Hospital, Jersey City. 
Dr. Spence has been president of the Hudson County 
District Medical Society, the Practitioners' Club of 
Jersey City, and the Alumni Association of Christ 
Hospital Internes and is now treasurer of the Society 
of Surgeons of New Jersey, and a director of the 
Chamber of Commerce and chairman of the Public 



- BIOGRAPHIES. 415 

Health Committee of Jersey City. He is a member 
of the New Jersey State Medical Society, the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, the New Jersey State Sani- 
tary Association, and of the Citizens' Federation of 
Hudson County and various other org-anizations. He 
was appointed' a member of the State Board of Health 
by Governor Fielder and his term expires July 1st, 
1919. 

DR. J. OLIVER Mcdonald, Trenton. 

Dr. McDonald was born in Englishtown^ NeW' Jersey, 
in 1884, and is a son of Charles F. McDonald. He 
graduated from Princeton University and the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons; Columbia University, 
New York City. He is a member of the Society of 
the Alumni of the Presbyterian Hospital and of the 
Sloane Hospital for Women in New York City. He 
isi engaged in the practice of medicine at Trenton, 
N. J. He was appointed a member of the Department 
of Health in 1915 by Governor Fielder and his term 
expires July 1st, 1919. 

OLIVER KELLY, Oak Tree, Middlesex County. 

Mr. Kelly was born near Metuchen, Middlesex county, 
N. J., in 1847. He received a common school education, 
and afterward entered the real estate business, which 
he conducted successfully for a number of years both 
in New Jersey and New York. He served as Collector 
of the Port of Perth Amboy until the first Cleveland 
administration, and in April, 1891, was appointed a 
member of the State Board of Assessors for a term of 
four years, and served in that office five years alto- 
gether. For over twenty-seven years he was an active 
member of the Democratic State Committee, and is 
now a member of the Middlesex County Democratic 
Committee. He was Chairman of the Middlesex County 
Board of Elections for several terms. He is also a 
member of the Raritan Township Board of Education. 
Mr. Kelly was appointed a member of the State Board 
of Health by Governor Wilson in 1913 for a term of 
six years, and in 1915 he was appointed a member 
of the new Department of Health by Governor Fielder. 
His term expires July 1st, 1918. 



416 BIOGRAPHIES. 

CLYDE POTTS, C.E., Morristown, 
Mr. Potts was born in Jefferson county, Iowa, No- 
vember 1st, 1876, and was graduated from the Des 
Moines (Iowa) Highi School and later entered Cornell 
University. He graduated from Cornell with the Class 
of 1901. Mr. Potts is a civil engineer by profession, 
specializing in sanitary work. Among the large 
number of commissionsi involving special difficulties 
carried out by him are the sewerage works of Morris- 
town, N. J,; West Haven, Conn., and Patchogue, N. Y. 
He has been employed as a sanitary expert in a 
number of important litigations and at the present 
time is so employed' by the federal government. 

Mr. Potts is a member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers; the American Public Health Associa- 
tion; the American Water Works Association; the 
New England! Water Works Association, and other 
State and National scientific societies. He is also a 
past president of the New Jersey Sanitary Association. 
He is president of the Cornell Society of Civil Engi- 
neersi and a member of the Sigma XI. He was ap- 
pointed by Governor i<''ielder a member of the De- 
partment of Health in 1915. His term will expire 
July 1st, 1917. 

DR. EDWARD A. AYERS, Branchville. 

Dr. Ayers, A.M., M.D., was born at Jacksonville, 
Illinois, in 1855, and was graduated from. Illinois Col- 
lege in 1877, and in Medicine from the New York 
University in 1880. He spent the following year and 
a half in special studies under specialists, and became 
connected wuth the New York Polyclinic as professor 
of obstetrics in 1884. 

He founded The Mothers' and Babies' Hospital of 
New York, and was for many years active in medical 
service and obstetrical teaching in connection with 
this institution and the Polyclinic. Dr. Ayers has 
been a prolific writer on medical topics, both for the 
medical and "popular" magazines, and was one of the 
first to undertake the education of the people on mos- 
quito extermination, his lecture on this subject re- 
ceiving the Carpenter Prize of the New York Academy 
of Medicine. He is a member of many medical so- 
cieties and an active participant in their scientific" 
work'.. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 417 

Dr. Ayers married Miss Joy Llndsley, of Washing'- 
ton, D. C, by which marriage two children — a son 
and daughter — were born and are now approaching 
their majority.- He was appointed a member of the 
Department of Health in 1915 and his term will ex- 
pire July 1st, 1917. 

FREDERICK T. CRAXE, Orange. 

Mr. Crane was born in Newark, X. J., July 19th, 
1854, and is a civil engineer. He has been city engi- 
neer of the city of Orange, X. J., from 1894 to date. 
He was appointed in 1916 by Governor Fielder a 
member of the Department of Health to succeed Moses 
X". Baker for a term of four years. His term expires 
in 1920. 

HOWARD E. WIXTER, V.S., Plainfield. 

Dr. "Winter was born at Red Bank, N. J., January 
30th, 1886, and is a veterinarian. He was graduated 
from Shrewsbury Academy, Red Bank, in 1902; com- 
pleted a three-year course in New Tork American 
Veterinary College in 1905, and practiced as an as- 
sistant over four years in New Tork City. In 1910 
he was graduated from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in the Department of Veterinary Medicine. He 
has practiced his profession in Plainfield for six 
years. He was appointed a member of the Depart- 
ment of Health by Governor Fielder in 1916 to fill a 
vacancy caused by the death of John M. Everitt. 



Director of Health. 

JACOB COLE PRICE, M.D., Branchville. 

Dr. Price was born at Branchville, Sussex county, 
N. J., January 9, 1850. By profession he is a physi- 
cian. His father was a cousin of Governor Rodman 
M. Price, and was an Assemblyman from Sussex 
county In 1861. Dr. Price is a graduate of the Michi- 
gan University and the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of New York city. He was County Physi- 
cian for Sussex for fifteen years, and has served as 
Mayor, and also Postmaster, at Branchville. He was 
27 



418 BIOGRAPHIES. 

appointed as a member of the Board of Examining 
Surgeons for his Congressional District under the 
McKinley administration. In 1903 Dr. Price was elected 
to the State Senate by a plurality of 758 over Wood- 
ward, Republican, was re-elected in 1906 by a plur- 
ality of 730 over Howell, Republican, and again In 
1909 by a plurality of 1,057 over Hunt, Republican. 
He was the only Senator who was ever given a third 
term in Sussex county. He served on the most im- 
portant committees of the Senate and his record is 
without blemish. He was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Health by Governor Wilson In 1912 
and served one year, when he resigned, and Governor 
Wilson then appointed him Secretary of the board for 
a full term of six years. Upon the creation of the 
new Department of Health the doctor was elected 
director for a term of four years. His term expires 
in 1919. 



Board of Cominerce and Xavigation. 

J. SPENCER SMITH, President, Tenafly. 

Mr. Smith was born in Sherbrooke, Canada, on July 
7th, 1880. He was brought up in the suburbs of 
Brooklyn, his parents moving to Tenafly in 1899. He 
was elected to the Municipal Council in 1902 and 
served one term. He was elected member of the 
Board of Education March 17th, 1908, and has served 
continuously ever since and is now vice-president of 
the board. 

He was appointed by Governor Wilson, April 7th, 
1911, as member of the Commission to Investigate 
Port Conditions of New York. On April 15th, 1914, 
he was appointed by Governor Fielder as member of 
the New Jersey Harbor Commission. On July 1st, 
1915, he was appointed by Governor Fielder as mem- 
ber of the Board of Commerce and Navigation. His 
term will expire July 1st, 1917. 

RICHARD C. JENKINSON, Vice-President, Newark. 

Mr. Jenkinson was born in Newark, N. J., in 1853. 
After five years training for business in New York, 
he spent a year abroad studying, and on his return 



BIOGRAPHIES. 419 

in 1876 he started the manufacturing business, of 
which he is now the head, R. C. Jenkinson & Co. He 
ran for Mayor of Newark on the Republican ticket 
in 1900 and was defeated by the Hon. Jas. M. Sey- 
mour, who was seeking- re-election. 

Mr. Jenkinson was elected president of the Newark 
Board of Trade in 1898, and was re-elected later. 
He was one of the vice-presidents of the Pan-Ameri- 
can at Buffalo in 1901, representing the State of New 
Jersey. 

He is a trustee of the New Jersey Home for Feeble- 
Minded at Vineland, and vice-president of the Board 
of Commerce and Navigation. He is vice-president 
of the Board of Trustees of the Free Public Library 
of Newark, a director in the Iron Bound Trust Co. 
of Newark, and in several other corporations in New 
Jersey and New York. He is also a director in cor- 
porations in Canada. 

Governor Wilson appointed him a member of the 
New Jersey Harbor Board, and July 1st, 1915, Gover- 
nor Fielder appointed him a member of the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation. His term expires in 1918. 

W. PARKER RUNYON, Perth Amboy. 

Mr. Runyon was born in New Brunswick, N. J., 
December Sd^ 1861. He belongs to the French Hu- 
genot family, whose progenitor, Vincent Runyon 
(Rognion), was among the earliest settlers of East 
Jersey. He obtained his education in the public 
schools and Rutgers Preparatory School of the city 
of his birth. Putting aside an ambition to become 
a physician on account of imperfect eyes, he took a 
commercial course at the New Jersey Business Col- 
lege, Newark, N. J., and in 1881 entered that greatest 
of all schools — the business world^ — where his vital 
personality and pleasing and genial manner have stood 
him in good stead. 

After two or three positions filled successfully, he 
became identified with boat craft, waterfront and 
navigation activities. His father and grandfather, 
each of whom in his turn, owned and operated the 
shipyard which met the needs of the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal at New Brunswick. 

He has been president for more than twenty years 



420 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of the Perth Amboy Dry Dock Company, He, to- 
gether with Mr. Charles D. Snedeker, re-organized the 
concern into a close corporation, andi during his in- 
cumbency the plant has grown from' a capacity of 
two marine railways, to one having four dry docks, 
a machine shop and boiler works, ample wharves and 
piers, andi has acquired the six hundred feet of water 
front and two city blocks which it occupies. 

In 1904, he was elected an alternate delegate to 
the Democratic National Convention held at St. Louis, 
andj was a delegate to the one held at Denver in 1908. 
He is an active member of the Perth Amboy Board 
of Trade, and a member of the City Water Commis- 
sion. The State Chamber of Commerce also enlists his 
heartist interest andi co-operation. He is one of the 
trustees of the State Chamber of Commerce, and di- 
rector of the Harbor and Navigation Department, and 
beside he was a delegate to represent it, as well as 
the local Board of Trade, in the Seventh Annual At- 
lantic Deeper Waterways Convention, held in New 
York City, in September, 1914, and was appointed! by 
the governor as one of the representatives of the 
State of New Jersey at the Eighth Annual Convention 
of that body held at Savannah in November, 1915. 

Mr. Runyon was appointed by Governor Fielder on 
the State Harbor Commission of New Jersey, and 
upon the recent re-organization of State Boards, was 
named as one of the long term men on the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation. His term expires July 
1st, 1919. 

JOHN M. B. WARD, Paterson. 

Mr. Ward was born in Paterson, December 6th, 1880, 
and received his preliminary education in the local 
school's. Later he attended the Roger McGee Pre- 
paratory School in Paterson and the Inter-collegiate 
School of New York City, This was followed by a 
course in Columbia University which Mr. Ward en- 
tered in 1898, and the New York University Law 
School. In 1901, he was adtaitted to the bar and he 
also has been admitted to practice in the United 
States courts. 

After being admitted' to the bar, Mr. Ward became 
associated with his father, Z, M. Ward, one of the 
most distinguished law^-ers Paterson has ever pro- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 421 

duced. The firm, which was known as Z. M. Ward 
& Son, continued until the death of Mr. Ward, Sr., 
1904. The subject of this sketch then formed a part- 
nership with Peter J. McGinnis, and the firm, has 
continued ever since under the name of Ward & Mc- 
Ginnis. In politics Mr. Ward is a Republican. He 
was appointed a m'ember of the Board of Comimerce 
and Navig-ation by Governor Fielder and his term 
expires July 1st, 1919. 

WILLIAM LAWRENCE SAUNDERS, Plainfield. 

Mr. Saunders was born November 1st, 1856, in 
Columbus, Ga.; son of William Trebell Saunders, D.D., 
and Eliza Morton Saunders, Va. ; grandnephew of 
Robert Saunders, fourteenth president William and 
Marjn College, Williamsburg-, Va. His earliest an- 
cestors landed with the Jamestown expedition, James- 
town, Va., and is descendant of Sir Edward Saunders, 
one of the Knights of the Horseshoe who discovered 
the Alleg'hanies. He has degrees: Bachelor of Science, 
University of Pennsylvania, 1876; Doctor of Science, 
1911. 

Before graduation was editor-in-chief "University 
Magazine" and class poet, 1876, engaged in news- 
paper work, Philadelphia; special correspondent for 
southern newspapers Centennial Exposition; made two 
ballooni ascensions, reaching- height of three and a 
half miles, remaining up all night. 

From 1878 to 1881, he was engineer in charge of 
building' docks, warehouses and ship channel, New 
York Harbor, at Black Tom Island. He designed and 
patented apparatus for subaqueous drilling-, using- tube 
and water jet, system^ now in general use. 

In 1881, he was engineer for Ingersoll Rock Drill 
Company. He invented and patented rock drilling and 
quarrying- devices, track channelers and gadders and 
bar channelers; invented and patented system of pump- 
ing- liquids by compressed air, now generally used in 
Baku oil fields, Russia; also, radialaxe system of 
coal mining-. 

Mr. Saunders is prominently identified with various 
industries both in New York and New Jersey, and is 
editor and author of numerous magazines, pamphlets, 
&c,, relating- to inventions, commerce, economics and 
politics. He wa^ a member of the New Jersey Harbor 



422 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Com'inission, formerly a member of the New Jersey 
State Democratic Committee, and was twice elected 
mayor of North Plainfield. 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Com- 
merce and Navigation by Governor Fielder and his 
term expires July 1st, 1918, 

J. WARD RICHARDSON, Bridgeton. 

Mr. Richardson was born in Bridgeton, N. J., on 
August 18th, 1854, and has spent the major portion 
of his life in that place. His early years were, how- 
ever, passed in Philadelphia, to which place his parents 
removed when he was quite young, and there he 
studied in the public schools, and was graduated from 
the High School division of the Northeast Grammar 
School. Conning to Bridgeton as a young man, he 
soon became actively engaged in newspaper work 
and was connected with several publications, event- 
ually founding the Bridgeton Evening News and the 
Dollar Weekly News, both of which are still being 
published by a company of whicb Mr. Richardson is 
at the head and both of which' have engoyed excep- 
tional success. Mr. Richardson was appointed by 
Governor Stokes to the old State Board of Arbitra- 
tion, being elected as its president. This board took 
am active part in the effort to settle various indus- 
trial troubles throughout the State. In 1908, he was 
appointed by Governor Fort to the State Riparian 
Commission, and upon the expiration of his term was 
re-appointed by Governor Fielder, serving six years 
in. all, and declining an effort of his colleagues to 
make him vice-president and the virtual head of the 
board during his final period of service. He has 
lonig been an active member of the New Jersey Press 
Association and in 1913-1914, served as its president. 
In 1915, he was appointed by Governor Fielder a 
member of the Board of Commerce and Navigation 
and his term expires July 1st, 1917. 

WILLIAM T. KIRK, Beverly. 

Mr. Kirk was born in Philadelphia, Pa., July 1st, 
1860, and was educated at Friends Select School, 
Philadelphia, and has resided at Beverly, N, J., for 
the last twenty-four years. He served two terms in 



BIOGRAPHIES. 423 

the city council, having overcome a normal Repub- 
lican majority at the election both times, has been 
a delegate to two Gubernatorial Conventions and 
served as a member of the Burlington County Demo- 
cratic Committee, and is president of the Burlington 
County Democratic Club. 

He is a director of the First National Bank of 
Beverly; has served as director of the Building and 
Loan Association; is a vestryman in the Episcopal 
Church, and a vice-president of the Philadelphia-Dela- 
ware-Trenton Deeper Waterways Association. 

He is a wholesale grocer in Philadelphia, being a 
member of the firm of Kirk, Foster & Co.; also presi- 
dent of the Grocers' and Importers' Exchange of 
Philadelphia. He is a member of the Joint Committee 
of the trade bodies of Philadelphia, on the Improve- 
ment of the Schuylkill and Delaware rivers. Mr. Kirk 
w^as appointed by Governor Fielder as a member of 
the Board of Commerce and Navigation in 1915, and 
re-appointed in 1916 for a full term, which expires in 
1920. 

ALLEN KIRBY WHITE, Atlantic City. 

Mr. White was born at Denton, Md., December 14th, 
1872, and is second son of Josiah and Mary Kirby 
(Allen) White. He attended Friends Central School, 
Philadelphia and Swarthmore College, Pa., graduating 
in the engineering department in 1894, as president 
of the class. He entered the hotel business with his 
father, at Hotel Luray, Atlantic City, and formed 
the partnership of Josiah White & Son, and later 
with his father and two brothers formed Josiah White 
& Sons Company, owners and proprietors of the 
Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel, Atlantic City, which is 
his present business. Upon the organization of the 
Equitable Trust Co. of Atlantic City, he became vice- 
president, which office he still fills. He was one of 
the incorporators of the Equitable Building and Loan 
Association of Atlantic City and accepted the treas- 
urership thereof, and bas been commodore of the 
Atlantic City Yacht Club since 1911. In 1915, was 
appointed by Governor Fielder a member of the 
Board of Commerce and Navigation, and was re- 
appointed in 1916 for a full term which will expire 
in 1920. 



424 BIOGRAPHIES. 

B. F. CRESSON, JR., Chief Engineer and Secretary, 
Jersey City. 

Mr. Cresson was born in Philadelphia in 1873, and 
was educated at the Episcopal Academy of Philadel- 
phia, Lehigh University and University of Pennsyl- 
vania; B.S. degree from the latter. 

From 1894 to 1900, he was employed on railroad 
work for the Lehigh Valley Railroad, Pennsylvania 
Railroad and West Virginia Short Line Railroad, and 
on the Reading Subway work in Philadelphia; from 

1900 to 1901, in the office of Jacobs and Davies, Con- 
sulting Engineers, New York City, on subaqueous tun- 
nel plans and surveys, North River and East River, 
and was Assistant Engineer in charge of the Atlantic 
avenue improvements in Brooklyn for the Long Island 
Railroad. 

In 1901 he was Assistant Engineer on resurvey 
plans, etc., for the completion of the Hudson Tunnels 
under the North River (McAdoo Tunnels), and from 

1901 to 1910, Assistant Engineer, Alignment Engineer 
and Resident Engineer in charge of precise triangu- 
lations on the North River, Resident Engineer in 
charge of subaqueous tunnels under the North River 
from Weehawken shaft; Resident Engineer in charge 
of Terminal Station-West, section of the Pennsyl- 
vania Station in New York, from the east side of 
Ninth avenue to the east side of Tenth avenue. 

In 1910-1913, was First Deputy Commissioner, De- 
partment of Docks and Ferries, New York City, in 
charge of engineering activities and Acting Dock 
Commissioner for several months of this time in the 
absence of the commissioner; 1913-1915, Chief Engi- 
neer, New Jersey Harbor Commission; July 1st, 1915, 
Chief Engineer, Board of Commerce and Navigation. 

Is a member of the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers, American Institute of Mining Engineers, In- 
stitution of Civil Engineers of Great Britain, also 
Director, American Association of Port Authorities; 
Municipal Engineers of New York, International 
Congresses of Navigation, Engineers' Club of New 
York, etc.. Associate Member of the Naval Consulting 
Board of the United States, appointed by Hon. Jo- 
sephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy; Member of 
the Board of Directors for the State of New Jersey 



BIOGfeAPl^tES. • 425 

on Industrial Preparedness, and a member of the 
Pan-American Joint Engineering- Committee ap- 
pointed by the American Society of Civil Engineers. 



Assistant Chief Engineer. 

JOHN C. PAYNE, Jersey City. 

Mr. Payne, who was born in England, February 16th, 
1852, commenced his professional career as a student 
in the office of the firm of Bacot, Post & Camp, civil 
engineers, in 1868, and after spending some time in 
that office left to take a special engineering course in 
the old Hasbrouck Institute on Grand street, near 
Washington, in Jersey City, of which Washington 
Hasbrouck was the principal. Upon concluding his 
studies he went back into the employ of Bacot, Post & 
Camp, and was assigned to various positions, one be- 
ing the charge of construction of the New Jersey and 
New York Railroad, from Hillsdale to New City; he 
was also engaged in the construction of the New York 
Elevated Railroad in Battery Park, New York. In 
1877 he formed a partnership with Mr. John V. Bacot, 
and also became associated with the Riparian Commis- 
sion as the Assistant Engineer; the duties of that posi- 
tion were such as to allow him to engage in the gen- 
eral practice of civil engineering, and this he did up 
to the year 1897, when he was appointed Secretary and 
Engineer of the Riparian Commission and retired from 
general practice excepting in an advisory capacity, 
and the filling of such appointments as came to him, 
among which was the appointment by Governor Ed- 
ward C. Stokes as a member of a Commission, of which 
ex-Governor Franklin Murphy and ex-Governor Fos- 
ter M. Voorhees were members, to investigate and re- 
port on the whole subject of franchises granted by 
municipalities to public utilities corporations. He was 
also appointed by the court, together with ex-Governor 
George T. Werts and Colonel John J. Toffey, to ap- 
praise the value and damages to the terminal lands on 
the Hudson river of the Delaware, Lackawanna and 
Western Railroad Company, taken for and affected by 
the construction of the Hudson tunnels of the Man- 
hattan and Hudson River Railroad. He was appointed 



426 ^ BIOGRAPHIES. 

by Hon. Charles J. Parker, Judge of the Supreme Court, 
a member of the Martin Act Commission, to adjust and 
levy the immense arrearage of taxes which had ac- 
cumulated in Jersey City by reason of the failure of 
the citizens to pay and the inadequacy of the laws to 
enforce collection of the same. 

In 1907 the Riparian Commission made public recog- 
nition in its annual report to the Governor, of the 
connection of Mr. Payne with the work of the Riparian 
Commission, in the following- language: 

"The board desires to officially express its recogni- 
tion of the fidelity and professional skill exercised by 
its Secretary and Engineer in the work of the Com- 
mission. 

"Mr. John C. Payne has been associated with the 
work of the Riparian Commission for thirty years. 
He associated himself in 1877 with the Hon. Robert C. 
Bacot, the first engineer of the Commission, appointed 
in 1864, and when Mr. Bacot, by reason of declining 
years, retired in 1897 with honor and the respect of 
the Commission and State, Mr. Payne succeeded him 
as Secretary and Engineer, and has continued as such 
until the present time; and the board takes pleasure 
in testifying to Mr. Payne's fidelity to the work of 
the Commission and to the interests of the State com- 
mitted to its care." 

Upon the organization of the Board of Commerce 
and Navigation July 1st, 1915, combining the former 
New Jersey Harbor Commission and the Riparian 
Commission, with others, Mr. Payne was appointed 
Assistant Chief Engineer. 



Department of Conser^-Jition and Development. 

EDWARD SHAFFER SAVAGE, Rahway. 

Mr. Savage was born in the city of Rahway (where 
he still resides), the first day of Julj^ 1854. 

He read law in the office of Cortlandt Parker; 
graduated! from Columbia Law College in 1876, and 
was admitted to the bar in New Jersey in 1877. 

He served two terms in the Legislature — 1884 and 
1885; and practiced law in the city of Newark for a 
few years after his admission to the bar, then moved 



BIOGRAPHIES. 427 

his office to New York City and was associated^ witli 
George W. Miller for twenty years in the practice 
of the law in New York. In 1912 he retired from 
active practice. 

He was appointed: by Governor Fielder in 1915 a 
member of the Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment and; his term expires July 1st, 1918. 

WALTER J. BUZBY, President, Atlantic City. 

Mr. Buzby was born at Masonville, Burlington 
countj', N. J., October 12th, 1865. He spent his boy- 
hood days on his father's farm' in Burlington^ county 
until 1885, when he entered the employ. of Mitchell, 
Fletcher & Com:pany, Fancy Grocers, of Philadelphia, 
and remained with them for fifteen years, during 
which time he passed from the lowest salaried boy in 
the store to one of the junior members of the firm. 

iln 1900, Mr. Buzby bought from Joseph H. Borton 
the Hotel Dennis, Atlantic City, having a well-known 
Philadelphia architect as his associate, and has con- 
tinued to conduct the hotel as an all year proposition 
ever since. He was twice elected a member of city 
council, is a director in two banks and is identified 
with many of Atlantic City's affairs. 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Con- 
servation and Development by Governor Fielder in 
1915 for a term of two years, which expires July 
1st, 1917. 

NELSON B. GASKILL, Trenton. 

Mr. Gaskill was borni at Mount Holly, N. J., Sep- 
tember 12th, 1875. He prepared for college at the 
Peddie Institute, Hightstown, N. J., and entered 
Princeton with the class of 1896. Upon graduation 
he spent two years at the Harvard Law School and 
studied one year in the ofRce of his father. Judge 
Joseph H. Gaskill. He was admitted to the bar as 
attorney in 1899 and passed the counselors' exami- 
nation three years later. Since admission he has 
practiced law in Camden, N. J., with his father as a 
member of the firm of Gaskill & Gaskill. He enlisted 
in the National Guard in 1896, and was made captain 
of his company two years later; he was later ap- 
pointed battalion adjutant with the Third Regiment, 
which commission he now holds. He was appointed 



428 BIOGRAPHIES. 

assistant attorney-g-eneral in November, 1906, and 
served in that office until March, 1914. Governor 
Fielder appointed Mr. Gaskill in 1915 a member of 
the Board of Conservation and Development, and his 
term expires Julyi 1st, 1919. 

SIMON PHILLIPS NORTHRUP, Newark. 

Mr. Northrup was born near Branchville, Sussex 
county. New Jersey, August 23d, 1876, and is son of 
Oscar and Mary J. (Phillips) Northrup. Both sides 
of family can trace descent to English Colonial an- 
cestry. The name Northrup is of English origin and 
is a compound of the words North and the Saxon 
thorp (Middle English thrope) meaning town or vil- 
lage. IThe earliest mention of the name found in 
England is of the marriage of Maude, daughter of 
Simon Northrope, in county York, in the reign of 
Henry VII. (1485-1509). Joseph Northrup, founder of 
the family in America, came from Yorkshire, England, 
with Sir Richard Saltonstall, in Eaton and Daven- 
port's Company, in the ship "Hector and Martha," 
landing at Boston on July 26th, 1637. With others 
he formed the settlement of Milford, Connecticut, in 
1639, and his name appears as one of the forty-four 
"Free Planters" on the document which laid the foun- 
dation for their government on the "Plantation." 
He was graduated from Dickinson College with the 
Class of 1897, and from the Law School of Yale Uni- 
versity in 1899, receiving degree of bachelor of laws, 
and Kent prize for superiority in debate. In Febru- 
ary, 1899, he was admitted to practice before the 
New Jersey bar, and for a time was in several law 
offices, forming in 1905, a partnership with Francis 
Lafferty. In 1907, he became connected with Fidelity 
Trust Company and later was elected its assistant 
title officer. 

He was appointed by Governor Fielder, in 1915, a 
member of the Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment and' his term expires July 1st, 1917. 

CHARLES LATHROP PACK, Lakewood. 

Mr. Pack was born in Lexington, Michigan, May 
7th, 1857, and was educated in this country and in 
Germany. He studied forestry in the black forests 



BIOGRAPHIES. 429 

of Germany andi spent much time exploring' the 
forests of Canada, the northwest and Louisiana. The 
Packs in colonial times lived at Rahway and Eliza- 
beth, New Jersey, but all left the State of New Jersey 
previous to one hundred years ago, Charles Lathrop 
Pack returned to New Jersey in 1899 andi took up 
his residence at Lakewood. He is perhaps best known 
as the president of the National Conservation Con- 
gress. He is a member and director of the American 
Forestry Association; served for several years as a 
member of the former New Jersey Forest Park Com- 
mission. Upon the invitation of President Roosevelt, 
Mr. Pack attended as an expert the conference of 
governors at the White House in May, 1907, and 
he was appointed by President Roosevelt a member 
of the National Conservation Commission. Has at- 
tended most of the important conferences on forestry 
and conservation in this country since 1900, Mr. 
Pack is a Republican; was a member of the Indian- 
apolis Sound Money Convention, and a member of 
the Monetary Commission, He served for seven years 
as a member of the first city Troop A, Ohio National 
Guard, Cleveland. He is an ex-president of the Cleve- 
land, Ohio, Chamber of Commerce, and is a trustee 
of "Western Reserve University. He is a member of 
the New Jersey Chapter of the Society of Colonial 
Wars; a member of the Union League Club of New 
York and president of the Country Club of Lakewood, 
New Jersey. Mr, Pack is widely known because of 
his knowledge of timber and timber interests both 
in this country and in Canada. He was appointed 
by Governor Fielder, in 1915, a member of the Board 
of Conservation and Development and his term ex- 
pires July 1st, 1918. 

STEPHEN PFEIL, Camden, 

Mr. Pfeil was born in New York City, December 
26th, 1854, and was educated in public and private 
schools of that city. He graduated from the law 
department of the University of New York and re- 
ceived the degree of L,B. in 1873; was admitted to 
the New York bar in 1875 and followed the pro- 
fession in that State for more than ten years. Since 
1888, he has resided in Camden, and has been engaged 
in literary work, contributing articles on international 



430 BIOGRAPHIES. 

law and social-political topics to various periodicals 
and the daily press; was co-author in 1892 of "Walsh's 
Handybook of Literary Curiosities." In 1893, he be- 
came an editorial writer on the staff of the Phila- 
delphia Record, and has continued in that occupation 
ever since. He was appointed by Governor "Wilson 
in 1911, a member of the Board of Managers of the 
Geological Survey and on the consolidation of the 
Survey and various other State Commissions in the 
Department of Conservation and Development, he 
was appointed to the governing- board of this depart- 
ment by Governor Fielder. Mr. Pfeil has been a life- 
long Democrat, His first vote was cast for Samuel 
J. Tilden, for president. He has been active in 

furthering Democratic policies, and was a delegate to 
Convention of 1910, which nominated Woodrow Wil- 
son for governor, of whom he was an early and 
sincere advocate. In 1914, he submited a plan for 
the reconstruction of the Legislative power which 
aroused widespread comment. He was appointed to 
the present board by Governor Fielder in 1915, and 
re-appointed in 1916. His term expires in 1920. 

GEORGE A. STEELE, Eatontown. 

Mr. Steele was born in Fair Haven, Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, on June 24th, 1872. His father, 
John N, Steele, came from old New England stock, 
his ancestors having settled in the early part of the 
18th century on the Massachusetts coast a few miles 
above Boston. Mr. Steele was educated in the public 
schools of Monmouth county, and in 1896, he helped 
to found the Shrewsbury Nurseries, of which he is 
now the sole proprietor. 

On April 21st, 1914, he was appointed by Governor 
Fielder a member of the Board of Forest Park Reser- 
vation Commissioners and when that board was ab- 
sorbed by the Board of Conservation and Develop- 
ment on' July 1st, 1915, the governor appointed him 
a member of the latter board for the full term of 
four years. His term expires June 1st, 1919. 

HENRY CROFUT WHITE, North Plainfield. 

Mr. White was born at Danbury, Oonn., January 
29thv 1869, and is a lawyer, and a member of the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 431 

New York bar, 1893; of the Supreme Court bar, 1896; 
practices in New York City, being- a member of the 
firm of White & "Wait, 49 Wall street. "Degrees were 
conferred, on him by the following: A.B., Yale Uni- 
versity, 1891; A.M., Columbia University, 1892; LL.B., 
University of the State of New York, 1893. He is 
the author of the W^hite Federal Income Tax law 
and other legal treatises. He was appointed a mem- 
ber of this new department in 1915 by Governor 
Fielder and re-appointed in 1916. His term expires in 
1920. 

ALFRED GASKILL,, Director and State Forester, 
Lawrenceville. 

Mr. Gaskill was born in Philadelphia, November 
6th, 1861, both his parents being members of old New 
Jersey Quaker families. He was educated, in the pub- 
lic schools and at the Friends Central School, Phila- 
delphia. 

In 1881, he went to Cumberland county, N. J., where 
for ten years, and for seven years more in Phila- 
delphia, he was engaged in the glass manufacturing 
business. During- that time his attention was at- 
tracted to forestry, largely through the forest fires 
which were so manifestly destroying- both the timber 
supply and the land' values of south Jersey. 

In 1898, he determined to become a forester, gave up 
business and for three years, studied forestry in North 
Carolina, at Harvard University, at the University of 
Munich and in the organized forests of Europe. In 
1901, he entered the United States Forest Service, 
where for upwards of five years he devoted his time 
chiefiy to forest fires and to silvicultural problems. 
On February 1st, 1907, he was engaged as forester by 
the Forest Park Reservation Commission of New Jer- 
sey and through that position became State Forester. 
He is a director of the American Forestry Associa- 
tion, Secretary of the Association of Eastern Forest- 
ers and a member of other forestry and allied organi- 
zations. 

On July 1st, 1915, he was appointed Director of 
Conservation and Development for a term of four 
years at $4,200 a year, which position he holds co- 
Incidentally with that of State Forester. 



432 BIOGRAPHIES. 

State Geologist. 

HENRY B. KUMMEL, Trenton. 

Mr. Kiimmel was born, in Milwaukee, Wis., May 
25th, 1867. He graduated from Beloit College, Wis., 
in 1889, and after teaching two years, spent one year 
in post-graduate work in geology at Harvard Uni- 
versity and three years at the University of Chicago. 
He received the degree of M.A. from Harvard Uni- 
versity, and from Beloit College in 1892, and that of 
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from the University of 
Chicago in. 1895, In 1891, he was employed as field 
assistant ini geology on the United States Geological 
Survey, in Connecticut. In the summer of 1892 he 
joined the Geological Survey of New Jersey, and for 
several field seasons was engaged in surveys in War- 
ren, Sussex and Hunterdon counties. During a por- 
tion of 1898 he was employed on the Geological Sur- 
vey of New York, and also spent a short time in 
studying the geology of Scotland. Returning to New 
Jersey, he was appointed Assistant State Geologist in 
1899, and on the resignation of Dr. John C. Smock, 
on July 1st, 1901, Mr, Kiimmel was put in charge of 
the survey. On January 10th, 1902, he was made 
State Geologist, which position he still holds. Upon 
the establishment of the Forest Park Reservation 
Commission in 1905, he became ex-officio its executive 
officer. With the organization of the Department of 
Conservation and Development, Mr. Kiimmel, as State 
Geologist, became the chief of the Division of Geology 
and acting director of the department during the ab- 
sence of the director. 

The high standing of the geological survey of New 
Jersey was recognized by the election of Mr. Kiimmel 
as first president of the American Association of State 
Geologists, a position which he held for several terms. 
In 1907, he was a member of the International Geo- 
logical Congress held in the city of Mexico, and he 
was again a delegate to the same congress when it 
met in Toronto, Canada, in 1913, he accompanied 
Governor Fort as one of the three New Jersey dele- 
gates to the first Conference of Governors held at 
the White House in 1908, and was a member of 
several subsequent conservation congresses. He is a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 433 

Fellow of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, and of the Geological Society of 
America, and a member of the National Institute of 
Social Sciences. He is the author of numerous papers 
relating chiefly to the geology and natural resources 
of New Jeresy. 



Board of Shell Fisheries. 

GEORGE A. MOTT, Director, Tuckerton. 

Mr. Mott was born at Tuckerton, N. J., July 2d, 
1864, and attended the public schools until he was 
eighteen years of age, when he went to Atlantic City, 
where he worked as clerk in a grocery store for two 
years, after which he conducted a grocery business at 
Beach Haven, N. J., for eight years during which 
time he engaged in the planting and shipping of 
oysters. He was named as a member of the first 
oyster commission for the State of New Jersey by 
an act of the Legislature of 1893, and although a 
Democrat, he was renamed by an act of the Legis- 
lature of 1896, and wa& appointed by Governor Voor- 
hees in 1899, and by Governor Murphy in 1902, and 
served as a member and secretary of the commission 
during the twelve years of its existence. It was 
largely due to his efforts that the scientific study 
of oj'ster propagation was taken up by Professor 
Julius Nelson in 1900, and as there was no appro- 
priation made by the Legislature for that purpose, 
he furnished and maintained a suitable station for 
experimental purposes, also oysters, boats, floats, etc., 
for the use of the biologist and assisted him per- 
sonally in his experimental work. In 1912, he was 
appointed oyster superintendent for the district of 
Ocean county by Governor Wilson and re-appointed 
by Governor Fielder in 1915. His selection as di- 
rector of shell fisheries was made unanimous by the 
Board of Shell Fisheries July 1st, 1915. 
28 



434 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Custodian of the Capjtol. 

JOHN A. SMITH, Haddon Heights. 

Mr. Smith has been a life-long resident of Camden 
county, where he was born in the city of Camden, 
October 3d, 1861, and lived until 1907 when he moved 
from the South Jersey Metropolis to Haddon Heights, 
one of its suburbs. He was educated in the public 
schools of his home city and after a business college 
education, he began life as a clerk and salesman and 
later established a wholesale and retail merchandise 
business, which he conducted in Camden for several 
years. 

Later he dealt in real estate and conducted a general 
brokerage line until May, 1913, when he was ap- 
pointed by Comptroller Edwards to the position of 
assistant auditor, which position he held until July 
15th, 1914, when he was appointed custodian of the 
State House, to take effect on August 15th, 1914. Dur- 
ing the interval between his appointment and as- 
sumption of the duties of the office, the new custodian 
fully familiarized himself with all the duties ap- 
pertaining to the position, which his wide and varied 
experience in a business and professional way makes 
him peculiarly adapted to fill. 

The new custodian has always been active in Demo- 
cratic affairs, and served as a member of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee from his home county for 
three years. His salary is $3,500 a year. 



Secretary to the Governor. 

FRANCIS E. CROASDALE, Atlantic City. 
Mr. Croasdale was born in Atlantic City, N. J., on 
October 6th, 1886. His parents, Charles Wilson Croas- 
dale, who served during the Civil War with the 
Pennsylvania Reserves and was mustered out as 
Brevet Captain, serving later as a commissioned of- 
ficer in the Third U. S. B. V., and Anna Conover Croas- 
dale, who formerly resided in Gloucester City, N. J., 
were among the pioneer settlers of Atlantic City. 
The Governor's Secretary was born and at the time 
of his appointment still lived in the house which they 
erected nearly two scores of years ago on the wild 



BIOGRAPHIES. 435 

sand dunes in the Southern part of the island. He 
was educated in the public schools of Atlantic City, 
and graduated from the Atlantic City High School in 
1904. A class-mate of his was Wu Chao Chu, son of 
Wu Ting Fang, the former Chinese diplomat in this 
country who created much comment at the time by 
insisting that his boy be educated in the free schools 
of New Jersey. Immediately after graduating, Mr. 
Croasdale took a reportorial position on the Atlantic 
City Daily Press, which at that time was published 
by Governor Edge. He was studying law at the 
same time in the offices of Eugene G. Schwinghammer, 
Esq., Atlantic City. A few years later Mr. Edge 
appointed him editor of the newspaper. He also 
served as its legislative correspondent in Trenton. 
Some time later, Mr. Croasdale, with two other em- 
ployes, organized a company and leased the Press 
and the Atlantic City Evening Union from Mr. Edge. 
He is still secretary and a stockholder in the Press- 
Union Company. In 1915, Mr. Croasdale served as 
private secretary to Speaker of the House of As- 
sembly, Carlton Godfrey. He toured the state with 
Colonel "Walter E. Edge and Senator Joseph S. Fre- 
linghuysen in the campaign of 1916, handling the 
newspaper publicity work. 

In 1916 he married Helen Florence Thorne of Atlan- 
tic City. They live in Atlantic City. 



Executive Clerk. 

JOHN J. FARRELL, Trenton. 
Mr. Farrell was born in New York city, August 31st, 
1864, and has been a resident of the State of New Jer- 
sey since he was three years of age. He is a news- 
paper man by profession, and was State Riparian Com- 
missioner from 1899 to 1904. During that period the 
courts set aside as void the attempt of the Legislature 
to divert State lands, which now form the nucleus of 
the School Fund, to other purposes. For many years 
prior to that and since he has been a legislative cor- 
respondent, the line in which he was engaged when ap- 
pointed Executive Clerk to fill a vacancy, the second 
which occurred in that office in forty-seven years, on 
February 20th, 1913. 



436 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Chief Auditor. 

JOHN J. NEVIN, Jersey City. 

Mr. Nevin, who has been chief auditor of the State, 
attached to the Comptroller's Department, since May 
1st, 1913, was born in Summit, New Jersey, August 
31st, 1871. He finished his preliminary education at 
St. Peter's College, Jersey City, and after a post- 
graduate course, became chief clerk and later private 
secretary in the office of the Mayor of Jersey City, 
where he remained from 1889 to 1897, having the pe- 
culiar distinction of serving in that capacity for five 
years under a Republican mayor, while always ac- 
tively identified with the Democratic party of Hud- 
son county. 

In 1897 he was appointed police justice of Jersey 
City, a position he held until May 1st, 1900. Later 
Mr. Nevin became connected with the American Bond- 
ing and Trust Company, of which he was the general 
agent for a number of years in partnership with 
Joseph F. Farmer. He was secretary of the Hudson 
County Consolidation Commission during its existence. 
After retiring from the police justiceship he was en- 
gaged in corporation work in New York and New 
Jersey for the Lehigh Valley and New Jersey Central 
Railroad Company and was the general agent of the 
Bloomingdale Soft Rubber Company. He was ap- 
pointed assistant to the State Comptroller on May 1st, 
1913, since which time he has been in charge of the 
general auditing of the Comptroller's Department. 

During his incumbency, among other things, were 
established the requisition system and a departure 
from the old plan of auditing bills after they were 
paid and establishing in its place the hew one, which 
requires a thorough audit of all accounts before their 
liquidation. 



State Superintendent of Welgrhts and Measures. 

WILLIAM L. WALDRON, Trenton. 
Mr. Waldron was born in Trenton on December 7th, 
1868. He received his early education in St. Mary's 
Parochial School, the same city. He was obliged to 
become a bread-winner when but thirteen years old, 
because of the circumstances of his widowed mother 
and her other six younger children. Later he attended 



BIOGRAPHIES. 437 

night school, becoming enrolled as a student in the 
commercial department of the Stewart Business Col- 
lege. He passed with high honors. 

Mr. Waldron's first position was as errand boy for 
the Trenton Co-Operative Society, which managed a 
large grocery and meat market. He was promoted a 
year later to a clerkship and, finally, when the com- 
pany decided to establish a branch store, Mr. Waldron 
was the choice for manager. He made such a success 
of the venture that, a couple of years later the so- 
ciety concluded to open a second branch store. -Mr. 
"Waldron was again the unanimous choice of the di- 
rectors for the management of the newer place. 

Twelve years ago, Mr. Waldron decided to go into 
business for himself. He developed a business corner 
that had for years been regarded as a hoodoo into one 
of the most prosperous in Trenton. He sold out this 
business when Governor Wilson unexpectedly named 
him to the superintendency of weights and measures 
August 23, 1911. Governor Wilson's attention is said 
to have been attracted to Mr. Waldron because of his 
splendid run for city commissioner in that year. He 
not only figured among the ten highest men at the 
primary but also came within a couple of hundred 
votes of being elected a commissioner. This was re- 
garded as a remarkable tribute to the personal pop- 
ularity of a man who had never before figured in pub- 
lic life, who had done little or no campaigning, and 
who was the only one of the ten candidates on elec- 
tion day that had never been previously able to attract 
public attention through the occupancy of a public 
offlce. His term of ofllce is five years and salary $2,500. 
His term will expire March 12th, 1917. 



Commissioner of Public Reports. 

BENJAMIN BOISSEAU BOBBITT, Long Branch. 
Mr. Bobbitt was born at Hickory, Nortli Carolina, 
on January 22d, 1883, the son of Dr. Emmet H. Bob- 
bitt and Mary Elizabeth Boisseau. His ancestry was 
French, Spanish, Scotch, Irish and English, and his 
progenitors on both sides were prominent in the 
Colonial history of Virginia and the Carolinas. His 
first ancestor on his mother's side was one of the 
founders of William and Mary College, near James- 



438 BIOGRAPHIES. 

town, Virginia, the second college established in the 
United States, in 1693. He was a student at private 
schools and the University of North Carolina, where 
he made a special study of liistory, language and po- 
litical science. He also studied law and medicine. 
In 1902 he married Miss Edna Virginia Boisseau, 
daughter of Hon. P. H. Boisseau, of Danville, Virginia. 

At the early age of seventeen, while still in college, 
he began writing political articles and reviews for 
the Morning and Sunday Post, of Raleigh, N. C, and 
a series of historical and industrial sketches for the 
Sunny South magazine, of Atlanta. He also did some 
work of the same character and fiction for the Rich- 
mond Dispatch and Philadelphia and New York news- 
papers and magazines. While in a law office in Dan- 
ville he became editor of the Evening Free Press 
there, and later went on the staff of the Norfolk 
Virginian Pilot, after which he was editorial writer 
for a time for the Lebanon (Penn.) Evening Report. 

Since 1904 he has been editor of the Long Branch 
Daily Record. He started booming Woodrow Wilson 
for the Presidency on January 20th, 1908, and his 
editorials on the subject were copied all over the 
country. From 1907 to 1912 he was publicity director 
of Long Branch, organizing the Publicity Bureau 
there. He was twice elected by the city council, and 
appointed by both Republican and Democratic mayors. 
In 1908 he was appointed by Governor Fort on the 
State Commission to investigate dependency and 
criminality, and was conspicuous in the work of that 
body, many of whose recommendations have subse- 
quently been enacted into law. He was first as- 
sistant Supervisor of Bills in the New Jersey Senate 
in 1913, and supervisor in 1914. He became editor of 
the Trend Magazine, of New York, in 1913, which 
place he resigned after his appointment by Governor 
Fielder as Commissioner of Reports, and his unani- 
mous confirmation by the Senate in February of 1914, 
declining an election as president of the Trend Pub- 
lishing Company. 

Mr. Bobbitt is a trustee of the Long Branch Cham- 
ber of Commerce, director of tlie Garfield Monument 
Association and a member of the Elks. He is also 
a member of the Mosquito Extermination Commission 
of Monmouth county. His term is for five years and 
expires in 1919, and his salary $2,000 per annum. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 439 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 



1917 

(With the advice and the consent of the Senate.) 

Justice Supreme Court — Francis J. Swayze, January 20th. 

Circuit Court — Frederic Adams, January 20th. 

District Courts — Camden, William C. French, April 3 2th; 
Essex. First District, James P. Mylod, March 29th ; Plain- 
field, Walter L, Hetfield, Sr., February 14th. 

County Courts — Camden, William T. Boyle ; Gloucester, 
Austin H. Swackhamer ; Hunterdon, Paul A. Queen ; Ocean, 
George C. Low ; Passaic, Abram Klenert. All April 1st. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas — Cape May, James R. Carrow, 
ad in. ; Hunterdon, Richard S. Kuhl, March 25th ; Ocean, 
Harry E. Newman, April 1st ; Sussex, William A. Dolan, 
March 29th ; Essex, Jacob L. Newman, ad in. ; Gloucester, 
Daniel W. Beckley, ad in. 

State Board of Education — Edmond B. Osborne, July 1st. 

Public Library Commission — John Cotton Dana, March 
29th. 

Board of Visitors of the State Agricultural College — 
The entire board — fourteen members, April 21st. 

Civil Service Board — Edward H. Wright, May 8th. 

State Commissioner of Public Roads — Edwin A. Stevens, 
February 20th. 

Adjutant-General — Charles W. Barber, ad in. 

Superintendent of Weights and Measures — William L. 
Waldron, March 12th. 

Public Utility Commissioner — John J. Treacy, May 1st. 

State Board of Taxes and Assessment — Frank B. Jess and 
Frederick A. Gentieu. July 1st. 

Department of Conservation and Development — Simon P. 
Northrup and Walter J. Buzby, July 1st. 

Board of Commerce and Navigation — J. Ward Richardson 
and J. Spencer Smith. July 1st. 

County Boards of Taxation — Atlantic, Frederick W. 
Somers ; Bergen, Frank McLees ; Burlington, William F. 
Margan and Frank A. Braddock ; Camden, Charles A. Mc- 
Elhone ; Cape May, William J. Tyler ; Cumberland, William 
Myers ; Essex, John B. Oelkers ; Gloucester, Thomas C. 
Dilkes ; Hudson, Thomas B. Usher; Hunterdon, Samuel D. 
Skillman ; Mercor, Frank B. Adams ; Middlesex. William D. 
Voorhees ; Monmouth. William K. Devereux ; Morris E. A. 
Quale ; Ocean, George C. Vanhise ; Passaic, Frank Van- 



440 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Cleve; Salem, Clark Pettit ; Somerset, William J. DeMond ; 
Sussex, Frank D. Quince ; Union, William A. Coddington ; 
Warren, William J. Barker. All May 1st. 

State Prison Keeper — Richard P. Hughes, ad in. 

Inspector of State Prison — Walter A. Dear, April 24tb. 

Commissioner of Pilotage — John W. Borden, April 21st. 

Department of Health — Edward A. Ayers and Clyde Potts, 
July 21st. 

Medical Examiner's Board — David P. Borden, Alexander 
McAllister, F. Wilbur Cornwell. July 4th. 

Fish and Game Commissioner — Ernest P. Napier, Novem- 
ber 25th. 

State Hospital, Morris Plains — W. L. R. Lynd, John T. 
Gillson, Albert Richard. May 27th. 

State Hospital, Trenton— Luther M. Halsey, Alfred L. El- 
lis, George T. Tracy, J. E. Raycroft, Stewart Paton, May 
27th. 

Home for Boys — George M. Lamont and Augustus S. 
Crane, May loth. 

Home for Girls — Alice Cantwell, April 24th. 

New Jersey Reformatory Commissioners — Freeman T. 
Woodbridge and Edward D. Duffield, May 1st. 

Woman's Reformatory — Alfred G. Evans and Mahle C. 
Fielder, October 1st. 

Palisades Interstate Park — -Charles W. Baker, March 6th ; 
W. Averill Harriman. March 27th. 

Village for Epileptics — Georgiana Doans Collard and Mrs. 
Frank Hyde, March 21st ; S. Roy Heath, ad in. 

Veterinary Medical Examiners — William A. Fitzpatrick and 
Lester II. Stryker, March 21st. 

Shell Fisheries — Joseph Fowler, Edward K. Allen, July 
1st. 

Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases — Frederick C. Low, 
Edwin J. Burke, April 23d. 

Tenement House Supervision — James M. Stewart, March 
29th ; Pierre F. Cook, ad in. 

Examiners of Nurses — Marietta B. Squire. February 25th. 

Old Age Insurance and Pensions — Thomas Lavden, March 
29th. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage and Drainage — John J. Berry, 
May 1st. 

Prison Labor Commission — Richard H. Moore, April 24th. 

Soldiers' Home, Kearny — Thomas Enright. ad in. 

Soldiers' Home, Vineland — Thomas F. McCormack, ad in. 

Members of State Board of Agriculture are chosen in 
convention and commissioned by the Governor. 

(Without the consent of the Senate.) 

State Board of Children's Guardians — Mary C. Jacobson. 
Benjamin F. Edsall, Caroline B. Wittpenn, April 25th. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 441 

State Board of Architects — Frederick W. Wentworth, 
Arnold H. Moses, May 29th. 

Public Accountant — John B. Niven, May lf»th. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund — James E. Bryan, William G. 
Bumstead, October 12th. 

School of Industrial Education — Hoboken, Caroline B. 
Wittpenn, James Smith, May 1st ; Newark. Peter Campbell, 
Abram Rothschild, May 4th ; Trenton, Edward C. Stover, 
Frederick H. Clark, May 12th. 

State Board of Pharmacy — Lewis W. Brown, April 22d. 

Dentistry Examiners — Vernon D. Rood, October 2d. 

Optometric Board — Louis A. Rochat, July 1st. 

Blind Ameliorating Commission — -C. Rudolph Diefenbach, 
August 24th. 

Delaware River Bridge Tunnel Commission — Thomas J. 
Barlow, Isaac M. Griscom. Clement R. Budd. 

Police Justice — South Orange, Edward McDonough. 

North Jersey Water Supply Commission — George F. 
Wright. 



I918 



(With the advice and the consent of the Senate.) 

Court of Errors and Appeals — John J. White. 

Justice Supreme Court — Samuel Kalisch. 

Circuit Court — Nelson Y. Dungan. 

District Courts — Hoboken, J. W. Rufus Besson ; Jersey 
City, John A. Blair ; Newark, Cecil H. McMahan ; Paterson, 
Joseph A. Delaney ; Monmouth county. First District, Wal- 
ter Taylor ; Second District, Jacob Steinbach, Jr. 

County Courts — Atlantic. Clifton C. Shinn ; Bergen, Wil- 
liam M. Seufert ; Essex, Harry V. Osborne ; Hudson, Mark 
A. Sullivan ; George G. Tennant ; Morris, Joshua R. Salmon ; 
Union, James C. Connolly ; Warren, Joseph M. Roseberry. 

Juvenile Court — Essex, Patrick J. Dolan ; Hudson, Henry 
W. Lange. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas — Atlantic, Charles S. Moore ; 
Camden, William J. Kraft; Hudson, Robert S. Hudspeth; 
Mercer, Martin P. Devlin ; Morris, Charlton A. Reed ; 
Union, Alfred Steen. 

State Board of Education — John C. Van Dyke. 

Public Library Commission — Rev. Edmund J. Cleveland. 

Commissioner of Charities and Corrections — Richard 
Stockton. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court — William C. Gebhardt. 

Commissioner of Labor — Lewis T. Bryant. 

Board of Taxes and Assessment — Lucius T. Russell, Isaac 
Barber. 



442 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Civil Service Commissioner — George H. Burke. 

Board of Conservation and Development — Edward S. 
Savage, Charles L. Pack. 

Board of Commerce and Navigation — Richard C. Jenkin- 
son, William L. Saunders. 

County Boards of Taxation — Atlantic, John T. French ;• 

Bergen, William Conklin ; Burlington, ; 

Camden, William Schmid ; Cape May, Oliver I. Blackwell ; 
Cumberland, George Hampton ; Esso-s, William P. Macksey ; 
Gloucester, William C. Allen ; Hudson, Philip McGovern ; 
Hunterdon, James H. Trewin ; Mercer, Alfred K. Leuckel ; 
Middlesex, William C. Jaques ; Monmouth, Richard W. Her- 
bert ; Morris, George F. Weber ; Ocean, Nicholas McDonald ; 
Passaic, William G. Bateman ; Salem, Clayton L. Batten ; 
Somerset, Andrew Kenney ; Sussex, Robert T. Johnson ; 
Union, John J. Collins ; Warren, Michael Connlain. 

Inspector State Prison — Wilson T. Jones. 

State Board of Health — Oiivtr Kelly, Howard E. Winter. 

State Board of Medical Examiners — Edwin Hill Baldwin, 
Alexander Marey, Jr., John J. Mooney. 

Fish and Game Commissioner — Bernard M. Shanley. 

State Hospital, Trenton — Joseph Moore. 

Feeble-Minded Women — George M. Thorn, William J. 
Dawson, Mrs. Bloomfield H. Minch. 

Home for Boys — Martin C. Ribsam, Arthur D. Chandler. 

Firemen's Home — John Senft, William B. Vandegrift, 
Patrick Farrell, Michael A. Dunn. 

New Jersey Reformatory — Frank M. Stillman, George W. 
Fortmeyer. 

Reformatory for Women — Anna I. LaMonte, James E. 
Brodhead. 

Epileptic Village — Herman F. Moosbrugger, John Edward 
Clark. 

Palisades Interstate Park — Frederick Sutro, William H. 
Porter. 

Veterinary Medical Examiners — James L. Lindsay. 

Board of Shell Fisheries — Augustus J. Meerwald, John W. 
Mason. 

Tuberculous Diseases Sanatorium — Frederick J. Hughes, 
Lucy J. W. Taylor. 

Tenement House Supervision — William L. Rockwell. 

Undertakers and Embalmers — John A. Maxwell, William 
Stafford, John F. Martin, William H. Hanold, Jr. 

Nurses' Examiners — Arabella R. Creech, Jennie M. Shaw. 

Board of Optometrists — Benjamin Block, Harry E. Fine. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage — Frank J. Van Noort. 

Prison Labor — Henry Isleib. 

Home for Disabled Soldiers, Kearny — William C. Smith. 

Members of the State Board of Agriculture are chosen in 
annual convention and commissioned by the Governor. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 443 

(Without the consent of the Senate.) 

State Board of Architects — Charles P. Baldwin, William 
Klemann, Lewis H. Broome. 

Public Accountants — Henry C. Magee. 

Harbor Master, Port of Elizabeth — John J. Cottrell. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund — Elizabeth A. Allen, S. Emily 
Potter. 

Industrial Education — Hoboken, William L. E. Keuffel, 
John Henry Kuntz ; Newark, John B. Stobaeus, Herbert P. 
Gleason : Trenton, Clifton Reeves, Herman C. Mueller. 

State Board of Pharmacy — Ferdinand A. Bogantz. 

Board of Dentistry — Charles P. Tuttle. 

Blind Commission — Mrs. Albert T. Beckett, Wells P. 
Eagleton, Emilie Benson Welsh, Harriet Fisher Andrew. 

Delaware River Bridge Commission — William F. Morgan, 
Samuel T. French, Charles Walton. 

Uniform Legislation Promotion — John R. Hardin, Mark 
A. Sullivan, Frank Bergen. 

Old Age Insurance — Charles McLaughlin. 

North Jersey Water Supply Commission — Ernest C. Hinch. 



I9I9 

(With the advice and the consent of the Senate.) 

Attorney-General — John W. Wescott. 

Court of Errors and Appeals — Henry S. Terhune, Ernest 
J. Heppenheimer. 

Chancellor — Edwin Robert Walker. 

Clerk in Chancery — Robert H. McAdams. 

District Courts — Bergen county. Second District, Guy 
Leverne Fake ; Third District, Pe\er W. Stagg ; Elizabeth, 
Abe J. David ; Jersey City, Charles L. Carrick. 

County Courts — Burlington, William D. Lippincott ; Cum- 
berland, Leroy N. Loder. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas — Cumberland. Edwin P. Miller. 

State Board of Education — Melvin A. Rice. 

Public Library Commission — Everitt T. Tomlinson. 

Banking and Insurance Commissioner — George M. La- 
Monte. 

State Librarian — John P. Dullard (appointed by Library 
Commissioners). 

Public Utility Commissioner — R. W. E. Donges. 

Board of Taxes and Assessment — George T. Bouton. 

Civil Service — Joseph S. Hoflf. 

Board of Conservation and Development — George A. Steele, 
Nelson B. Gaskill. 



444 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Board of Commerce and Navigation — John M. Ward, W. 
Parker Runyon. 

County Board of Taxation — ^Atlantic, Thomas B. Williams ; 
Bergen, Herbert M. Bailey ; Burlington, Frank A. Brad- 
dock ; Camden, Francis D. Weaver ; Cape May, Samuel P. 
Eldridge ; Cumberland, Edward H. Corson ; Essex, Jerome 
T. Congleton ; Gloucester, Eli Heritage ; Hudson, Clarence 
T. VanDeren ; Hunterdon, Chester Tomson ; Mercer, Ed- 
ward B. Morris ; Middlesex, George J. Haney ; Morris, 
Horace L. Dunham ; Monmouth, Albert L. Ivins ; Ocean, 
James D. Holman ; Passaic, Frederick Wolfhegel ; Salem, 
Samuel P. Foster ; Somerset, Edward E. Cooper ; Sussex, 
Martin W. Bowman ; Union, Lloyd Thompson ; Warren, 
Arthur G. Taylor. 

State Board of Education — Melvin A. Rice. 

Board of Health — J. Oliver McDonald, Henry Spence, 
Howard E. Winter. 

Board of Medical Examiners — James J. McGuire, D. Webb 
Cranberry, William P. Watson, Charles A. Groves. 

Fish and Game — William A. Faunce. 

State Hospital, Morris Plains — John C. Eisele, Patrick 
J. Ryan, Daniel S. Voorhees, John Nevin, Charles Hetzel. 

State Hospital, Trenton — William L. Black, Arthur D. 
Forst. 

Home for Boys— Joseph Mitchell, Frank M. Donohue. 

Home for Girls — James H. Cubberly, Jeannette C. Mid- 
dleton. 

Soldiers' Home, Yineland — Cyrus P. Osgood, George Bar- 
rett. 

Public Library Commission — Everett T. Tomlinson. 

New Jersey Reformatory — Decatur M. Sawyer, Foster M. 
Voorhees. 

Epileptic Village — John M. Carnochan. 

Palisades Interstate Park — J. DuPratt White, Mornay 
Williams. 

Veterinary Medical Board — J. W. Haflfer, James T. Glen- 
non. 

Shell Fisheries — Peter C. Cozier, Frank Austin. 

Tuberculous Sanatorium — William H. Kensinger, Elmer 
Howard Loomis. 

Tenement House Supervision — Charles McCormick. 

Nurses' Examining Board — Mary E. Rockhill, Edith A. 
Hooper. 

Optometrists Board — Freeman C. Leaming, Lindall C. 
Ashburn. 

Delaware River Bridge Commission — William D. Cowperth- 
waite, George Pfeififer, Jr., George W. Carr, Frank Bur- 
roughs. 

Old Age Insurance — Everett Colby. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage — James G. Blauvelt. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 445 

Soldiers' Home, Kearny — Henry Allers, Richard W. Parker, 
Edwin W. Hine, Joseph H. Brensinger. 

Commissioners of Pilotage — Benjamin VanNote, John J. 
Scully, William A. Maher, John D. Toppin, John Predmore. 

Inspectors State Prison — Jacob Shurts. 

Reformatory for Women — Mrs. H. Otto Wittpenn, Thomas 
H. Taylor, Thomas H. Flynn, Mrs. Rudolph V. Kuser. 

Members of the State Board of Agriculture are chosen 
in annual convention and commissioned by the Governor. 

(Without the consent of the Senate.) 

State Board of Children's Guardians — Caroline B. Alex- 
ander Wittpen, James Andrew Burns. 

Public Accountants — Edwin G. Woodling. 

Police Justice, Orange — Edward W. Woodman. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund — Sophie M. Braun, James 
Fitzpatrick. 

Industrial Education — Hoboken, Helene Wellenburg, J. 
W. Rufus Besson ; Newark, John A. Furman, Samuel E. 
Robertson ; Trenton, Charles Howell Cook, John S. Brough- 
ton. 

Board of Pharmacy — William H. McNeil. 

Dentistry Board — Joseph Kussey. 

North Jersey Water Supply Commission — William E. 
Ramsay. 



446 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



President — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey. 

Vice-President — Thomas R. Marshall, of Indiana. 

Secretary of State— Robert Lansing, of New York. 

Secretary of the Treasury — William Gibbs McAdoo, of 
New York. 

Secretary of War — Newton D. Baker, of Ohio. 

Attorney-General — Thomas Watt Gregory, of Texas. 

Postmaster-General — Albert Sidney Burleson, of Texas. 

Secretary of the Navy — Josephus McDaniels, of North 
Carolina. 

Secretary of the Interior — Franklin Knight Lane, of Cali- 
fornia, 

Secretary of Agriculture — David Franklin Houston, of 
Missouri. 

Secretary of Commerce — William C. Redfield, of New 
York. 

Secretary of Labor — William Bauchop Wilson, of Penn- 
sylvania. 

Chief Justice of Supreme Court — Edward Douglas White, 
of Louisiana. 

Associate Justices — Joseph McKenna, of California ; 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, of Massachusetts ; William R. Day, 
of Ohio ; Willis Van Devanter. of Wyoming ; Joseph Rucker 
Lamar, of Georgia ; Mahlon Pitney, of New .Jersey ; James 
Clark McReynolds, of Tennessee ; Louis D. Brandeis, of 
Massachusetts ; John. Hessin Clarke, of Ohio. 

SALARIES OF UNITED STATES OFFICIALS. 

President of the United States, $75,000 and an allowance 
of $25,000 for traveling expenses. 

Vice-President of the United States, $12,000. 

Members of the Cabinet, $12,000 each. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 
$15,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, $14,500 each. 

Circuit Judges, $7,000 each. 

District Judges, $6,000 each. 

Senators and Representatives in Congress, $7,500 each, 
together with an allowance of twenty cents per mile for 
traveling from their homes to Washington for each regular 
session of Congress and $125 per annum for stationery. 
Representatives in Congress are also entitled to $1,500 per 
annum for clerk hire necessarily employed by them In the 
discharge of their official and representative duties. 

The Speaker of the House, $12,000 per annum. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 447 



SALARIES OF THE ARMY AND NAVY. 

The pay of oflScers In active service in the army is : 

Lieutenant-General, $11,000 a year; Major-General, 
$8,000; Brigadier-General, $6,000; Colonel, $4,000; Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, $3,500; Major, $3,000; Captain, $2,400; 
First Lieutenant, $2,000, and Second Lieutenant, $1,700. 
From Colonel down the payment is increased every five 
years. 

In the navy the pay is : 

Admiral, $13,500 ; Rear Admiral, first nine, $8,000 ; sec- 
ond nine, $6,000; Captain, $4,000; Commanders, $3,500; 
Lieutenant-Commanders $3,000; Lieutenants, $2,400; 
Ensigns, $1,700 ; Midshipmen, $600. Officers buy their 
o\A'n clothing and equipment. 



448 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



(1789 to date.) 

FOR NEW JERSEY. 

The United States District Court was organized at New 
Brunswiclf, on Tuesday, December 22d, 1789. 



DISTRICT 

David Brearley 1789 

Robert Morris 1790 

William S. Pennington, 1817 

William Rossell 1826 

Mahlon Dickerson 1840 

Philemon Dickerson. .. .1841 
Richard S. Field 1863 



JUDGES. 

John T. Nixon 1870 

Edward T. Green 1889 

Andrew Kirkpatrick . . . 1896 
William M. Lanning. . .1904 

Joseph Cross 1905 

John Rellstab 1909 

Thomas G. Haight 1914 

J. Warren Davis 1916 



CLERKS. 



Jonathan Dayton 1789 

Andrew Kirkpatrick . . . 1790 

Robert Boggs 1791 

William Pennington 1817 

Joseph C. Potts 1840 

Edward N. Dickerson. .1844 
Philemon Dickerson, Jr.l853 



Andrew Dutcher 1862 

Ralph H. Shreve 1863 

E. Mercer Shreve 1868 

Robert C. Bellville 1871 

William S. Bellville 1875 

Linsly Rowe 1882 

George T. Cranmer 1893 



MARSHALS. 



Thomas Lowry 1789 

John Heard 1802 

Oliver Barnett 1802 

Oliver W. Ogden 1808 

Robert S. Kennedy 1849 

George H. Nelden 1853 

Benljah Deacon 1866 

W. Budd Deacon 1868 

DISTRICT 

Richard Stockton 1789 

Abraham Ogden 1782 

Lucius H. Stockton 1798 

George C. Maxwell 1802 

Joseph McUvaine 1804 

Lucius Q. C. Elmer 1824 

Garret D. Wall 1828 

James S. Green 1837 

William Halsted. 1849 

Garrit S. Cannon 1853 



Samuel Plummer 1869 

Robert L. Hutchinson.. 1877 

W. Budd Deacon 1882 

A. B. Gordon 1886 

W. Budd Deacon 1889 

George Pfeiflfer 1893 

Thomas J. Alcott 1897 

Albert Bollschweiler. . , .1914 

ATTORNEYS. 

Anthony Q. Keasbey . . .1861 

Job H. Lippincott 1886 

Samuel F. Bigelow 1887 

George S. Duryea 1888 

Henry S. White 1890 

John W. Beekman 1894 

J. Kearny Rice 1896 

David O. Watkins 1900 

John B. Vreeland 1903 

J. Warren Davis 1913 

Charles F. Lynch 1916 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 449 



PRESENT OFFICIALS. 



\ 



Circuit Justice Mahlon Pitney, 

r Joseph Buffington. 

Circuit Judges J John B. McPherson. 

I Victor B. Woolley. 
rjohn Rellstab. 

District Judges < Thomas G. Haight. 

vj. Warren Davis. 

District Attorney Charles F. Lynch. 

First Asst. District Attorney Joseph L. Bodine. 

Marshal Albert Bollschweiler. 

John Prout. 
Linford A. Denny. 
I Woodbury B. Snowden. 

Deputy Marshals ^ Christopher V. Gormley. 

Harry S. Provost. 
Ferdinand W. Stahlin. 
Albert Ettelson. 

Clerk of District Court "i George T. Cranmer. 

/-Benjamin F. Havens. 

Deputy Clerks of District Court. . . .1 Cl^arles S. Chevrier. 

■^ Robert S. Chevner. 
L William B. Reilly. 

interna, Revenue Co^^^^^o.. . . . . {^^^^^^''Xk^X^l^. 



SIXTY-FIFTH CONGRESS. 

(1917-'19.) 

New Jersey Members. 

Senators — William Hughes, D., 1919 ; Joseph S. Freling- 
huysen, R., 1923. Salary. $7,500. 

Representatives — First district. William J. Browning. R. ; 
Second district, Isaac Bacharach, R. ; * Third district, con- 
tested ; Fourth district. Elijah C. Hutchinson, R. ; Fifth 
district, John H. Capstick. R. ; Sixth district, John R. Ram- 
sey, R. ; Seventh district, Dow H. Drukker, R. ; Eighth 
district, Edward W. Gray, R. ; Ninth district, Richard 
Wayne Parker, R. ; Tenth district, Frederick R. Lehlbach, 
R. : Eleventh district. John J. Eagan, D. ; Twelfth district, 
James A. Hamill, D. Salary, $7,500. 



*At time of going to press this district was contested by Thomas 
J. Scully, D., and Robert Carson, R. 
29 



450 STATE OFFICERS. 



STATE OFFICERS. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

Governor — Walter E. Edge, 1920. 

Secretary to the Governor — Francis E. Croasdale. 

Executive Clerk — John J. FarrelU 

STATE DEPARTMENT. 

Secretary of State — Thomas F. Martin, 1920. 
Assistant Secretary — William L. Dill, 1920. 
Chief Clerk — Frank Transue. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

State Treasurer — William T. Read, 1919. 
Deputy Treasurer — L. Kensil Wildrick. 
State Comptroller — See addenda. 
Deputy Comptroller — Isaac Doughton. 

LAW DEPARTMENT. 

Attorney-General — John W. Wescott, 1919. 
Assistant Attorney-General — Herbert Boggs, 1919. 
Second Assistant — Theodore Backes. 

Assistants to the Attorney-General — Francis H. McGee, 
Josiah Stryker, Joseph Lanigan. 

ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

Court of Errors and Appeals — The Chancellor, the Chief 
Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court ; Judges John J. 
White, 1918 ; Henry S, Terhune, 1919 ; Ernest J. Heppen- 
heimer, 1919 ; Robert Williams, 1921 ; Frank M. Taylor, 
1921 ; Walter P. Gardner, 1922. Clerk, Secretary of State. 

CHANCERY. 

Court of Chancery — Chancellor, Edwin Robert Walker, 
1919 ; Vice-chancellors, Frederic W. Stevens. 1917 ; Eugene 
Stevenson, 1922 ; Edmund B. Learning, 1920 ; Vivian M. 
Lewis. 1919 ; John Griffin, 1920 ; John H. Backes, 1920 ; 
John E. Foster, 1923 ; Merritt Lane, 1923. 

Ordinary and Surrogate-General — Edwin Robert Walker. 

Clerk in Chancery — Robert H. McAdams, 1919. 

Deputy Clerk — Edward M. Appelgate. 

Chancery Reporter — Bayard Stockton, 1921. 



STATE OFFICERS. 451 



SUPREME COURT. 

Supreme Court — Chief Justice, William S. Gummere, 
1922 ; Associate Justices, Charles G. Garrison, 1923 ; Fran- 
cis J. Swayze, 1917 ; Thomas W.- Trenchard, 1921 ; Charles 
W. Parker, 1921 ; James J. Bergen, 1921 ; James F. Min- 
turn, 1922 ; Samuel Kalisch, 1918 ; Charles C. Black, 1922. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court — William C. Gebhardt, 1918. 

Law Reporter — Charles E. Gummere, 1919. 

CIRCUIT COURT. 

Circuit Court Judges — Frederic Adams, 1917 ; Frank T. 
Llovd, 1921 ; William H. Speer, 1922 ; Nelson Y. Dungan, 
1918; Howard B. Carrow, 1920; Luther A. Campbell, 
1921 ; George S. Silzer, 1922 ; Willard W. Cutler, 1923. 

PARDONS. 

Court of Pardons — Governor, Chancellor and Lay Judges 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals. Clerk, Secretary of 
State. Pardon Clerk, John J. Farrell. 

DISTRICT COURTS. 

District Court Judges— Atlantic City, Frank Smathers, 
1921 ; Bayonne, Peter Stilwell, 1921 ; Bergen county, First 
district, Bergenfield, E. Howard Foster, 1920 ; Second dis- 
trict, East Rutherford, Guy Leverne Fake, 1919 ; Third 
district, Hackensack and Ridgewood, Peter W. Stagg, 1919 ; 
Camden, William C. French, 1917 ; East Orange, Charles 
B. Clancy, 1920 ; Elizabeth, Abe J. David, 1919 ; Essex, 
First district, Montclair, James P. Mylod, 1917 ; Hoboken, 
J. W. Rufus Besson, 1918 ; Hudson county, First dis- 
trict, Town of Union, Francis H. McCauley, 1920 ; Monmouth 
county, First district, Walter l^ylor, Asbury Park, 1918 ; 
Second district, Jacob Steinbach, Jr., Long Branch, 1918 ; ; 
Morris county, Morristown, Joseph Hinchman, 1920 ; Jersey 
City, John A. Blair, 1918 ; Charles L. Carrick, 1919 ; 
Newark. Cecil H. McMahon, 1918 ; Frederick L. Johnson, 
1920 ; New Brunswick, Freeman Woodbridge, 1921 ; Orange, 
Daniel A. Dugan, 1921 ; Passaic, W. Carrington Cabell, 
1921 ; Paterson, Joseph A. Delaney, 1918 ; Plainfield, 
Walter L. Hetfield, Sr., 1917; Perth Amboy, Charles C 
Hommann, 1920 ; Somerset county, Somerville, William F, 
Vosseller, 1920; Trenton, John A. Montgomery, 1920. 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

Commander-in-Chief — The Governor. 
Adjutant-General — Charles W. Barber. 
Quartermaster-General — Charles Edward Murray. 



452 STATE OFFICERS. 

Inspector-General — Major-General Frederick W. Garveu. 

Judgc-Advocate-General — Scott Scammell. 

Surgeon-General — Lleut.-Colonel Wm. G. Schauffler. 

Inspector-General of Rifle I'ractlce — Bird W. Spencer. 

First Brigade — Brigadier-General Edwin W. Hine. 

Cliief Clerk, Adjutant-General — Lieutenant-Colonel Jobn 
M. Rogers, retired. 

Chief Clerk, Quartermaster-General — Major Samuel S. 
Armstrong, retired. 

Naval Reserve — First Battalion — Commander, Edward 
McClure Peters, Hoboken. Second Battalion — Commander, 
Albert De Unger, Camden. 

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. 

State Board of Education — Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, 
President, Somerville, 1921 ; Melvin A. Rice, Vice-President, 
Red Bank, 1919 ; D. Stewart Craven, Salem, 1924 ; John 
P. Murray, Jersey City, 1920 ; Edmund B. Osborne, South 
Orange, 1917 ; John C. Van Dyke, New Brunswick, 1918 ; 
Edgar H. Sturtevant, Edgewater, 1922 ; Thomas W. Syn- 
nott, Wenonah, 1923 ; Calvin N. Kendall, Secretary. Meet- 
ings, first Saturday of each month at 10 : 30 a. m.^ at State 
House, Trenton. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

Commissioner of Education, Calvin N. Kendall, Trenton, 
1921. 

Assistant Commissioners — John Enright, Freehold ; Al- 
bert B. Meredith, Newark ; Lewis H. Carris, Newark ; 
Zenos E. Scott, Asbury Park. 

Bureau of Credentials — Chief, Thomas D. Sensor. 

Educational Institutions — Normal School at Trenton, 
James M. Green, Principal ; Normal School at Montclair, 
Chas. S. Chapin, Principal ; Normal School at Newark, W. 
Spader Willis, Principal ; Deaf Mute School at Trenton, 
John P. Walker, Principal ; Manual Training and Indus- 
trial School for Colored Youth, William R. Valentine, Prin- 
cipal. 

State Board of Examiners — Calvin N. Kendall. Chairman ; 
James M. Green, Charles S. Chapin, W. Spader Willis, Henry 
Snyder, Henry C. Krebs, Thomas D. Sensor, Secretary. 

Business Division — Herbert N. Morse, in charge ; In- 
spector of Accounts, W. C. Hopkins ; Inspector of Buildings, 
Charles McDermott. 

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS. 

Atlantic, Henry M. Cressman, Egg Harbor City ; Bergen, 
B. C. Wooster, Hackensack ; Burlington, Louis J. Kayser, 
Mount Holly ; Camden, Charles S. Albertson, Magnolia ; 



STATE OFFICERS. 453 

Cape May, Aaron W. Hand, Cape May ; Cumberland, J. J. 
Unger, Brldgeton ; Essex, O. J. Morelock, Newark ; Glou- 
cester, Daniel T. Steelman, Glassboro ; Hudson. Arthur O. 
Smith, Jersey City ; Hunterdon, Jason S. Hoffman. Fleming- 
ton ; Mercer, Joseph M. Arnold, Princeton ; Middlesex, H. 
Brewster Willis, New Brunswick ; Monmouth, Charles J. 
Strahan, Freehold ; Morris, J. Howard Hulsart, Morristown ; 
Ocean, Charles A. Morris, Toms River ; Passaic, Edward 
W. Garrison, Paterson ; Salem, H. C. Dixon. Salem ; 
Somerset, H. C. Krebs, Somerville ; Sussex, Ralph Decker, 
Sussex ; Union, A. L. Johnson, Elizabeth ; Warren, Charles 
A. Philhower, Phlllipsburg. 

City Superintendents — Asbury Park, Amos E. Kraybill ; 
Atlantic City, C. B. Boyer, Supervising Principal ; Bayonne, 
John W. Carr ; Bloomfield. George Morris ; Bordentown, H. 
Y. Holloway ; Brldgeton, D. C. Porter ; Burlington, Wilbur 
Watts ; Camden, James E. Bryan ; East Orange, E. C. 
Broome ; Elizabeth, Richard E. Clement ; Englewood, Elmer 
C. Sherman ; Gloucester, W. F. Burns ; Hoboken, A. J. Dema- 
rest ; Irvlngton. Frank H. Morrell ; Jersey City, Henry Sny- 
der ; Kearny, Herman Dressel ; Long Branch, Christopher 
Gregory ; Millville, Warren N. Drum ; Montclalr, Don C. 
Bliss ; Morristown, Ira W. Travell ; Newark, Dr. A. B. Po- 
land ; New Brunswick, George H. Eckels ; North Bergen, M. 
F. Husted ; Ocean City, James M. Stevens ; Orange, W. B. 
Patrick ; Passaic, F. S. Shepperd ; Paterson. J. R. Wilson ; 
Perth Amboy, S. E. Shull ; Phlllipsburg, H. J. Neal ; Plain- 
field, Henry M. Maxson ; PleasantvUle. Wm. F. Little ; 
Rahway, William G. Misting ; Salem, W. B. Davis ; Summit, 
Clinton S. Marsh ; Trenton, Ebenezer Mackey ; Town of 
Union, N. C. Billings ; West Hoboken, M. H. Kinsley. 

SCHOOL FUND TRUSTEES. 

Trustees of the School Fund — Governor. Secretary of 
State, Attorney-General, State Comptroller, State Treasurer 
and Commissioner of Education. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

Commissioners— Governor, Chancellor, Chief Justice, 
Attorney-General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Comptroller 
State Librarian — John P. Dullard, 1919. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSIONERS. 

Moses Taylor Pyne, Chairman, Princeton, 1921 ; John P. 
Dullard, 1920 ; Everitt T. Tomlinson, Elizabeth, 1919 ; 
John Cotton Dana. Newark. 1917 ; Rev. Edmund J. Cleve- 
land, West Hoboken, 1918 : Calvin N. Kendall, Commis- 
sioner of Education, ex-ofl5cio ; Henry C. Buchanan. Secre- 
tary ; Sarah B. Askew and Edna B. Pratt, Organizers, 
Trenton. 



454 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS AND DEPART- 
MENTS. 



AUDITING DEPARTMENT. 

(Office of the State Comptroller.) 

Chief Auditor and Assistant to the Comptroller, John J. 
Nevin, Jersey City ; Assistants, Arthur F. McGrath, Jer- 
sey City ; William E. Maguire, Newark ; Joseph M. Coyle, 
Requisition Clerk, Tloboken ; John J. Heavey, Jersey City. 

ACCOUNTANTS, PUBLIC. 

Edwin G. Woodling, Cranford, 1919 ; Henry C. Magee, 
Camden, 191S ; John B. Niven, Upper Montclair, 1917. 

AGRICULTURE, STATE BOARD OF. 

Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, Somerville, President, 1920 : 
Frederick M. Curtis, Harrington Park, 1917 ; E. A. Sex 
smith, Belmar R. F. D., 1917 ; Thomas E. Inslee, Newton 
1918 ; L. William Minch, Bridgeton, 1918 ; Edward A 
Mechling, Moorestown, 1919 ; H. W. Jeffers, Plainsboro 
1919 ; TheodoPe Brown, Swedesboro, 1920 ; Secretary, Alva 
Agee, New Brunswick ; Bureau of Statistics and Inspec 
tion, Franklin Dye ; Bureau of Land Crops and Markets 
A. L. Clark, Trenton ; Live Stock Commissioner, A. L. 
Minkler ; Inspector of Animal Industry, Charles McNabb. 

STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

(New Brunswick.) 

Board of Visitors — First district, Wilbert Beckett, Swedes- 
boro ; Ephraim T. Gill, Haddonfield. Second district, 
Rhosha Thompson, Wrightstown ; Charles F. Seabrook ; 
Bridgeton. Third district, James C. Richdale, Phalanx ; 
James Neilson, New Brunswick. Fourth district, Josiah 
T. Allinson, Yardville ; John Davis, Jr., Lebanon. Fifth 
district, Daniel B. Wade, Union ; Theodore F. King, Ledge- 
wood. Sixth district, Nicodemus Warne, Broadway ; Freder- 
ick H. Curtis, Harrington Park. Seventh district. John 
Hollbach, Paterson ; Henry Marelli, Paterson. Eighth dis- 
trict, James McCarthy, Jersey City; (vacancy). Ninth 
district, George Smith, East Orange ; William Reid, Orange. 
Tenth district, George E. De Camp, Roseland ; Harry Bac- 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 455 

chus, Caldwell. Eleventh district, Herman C. Lange, Hobo- 
ken ; Richard B. Meaney, Weehawken. Twelfth district, 
Addison T. Hastings, Jersey City ; John R. Hartung, Jer- 
sey City. All in 1917. 

Experiment Station No. 1 — Board of Managers : James 
Neilson, Esq., President ; Irving E. Quackenboss, Secretary 
and Treasurer ; Jacob G. Lipman, Ph.D., Director. 

Experiment Station No. 2 — Trustees, the Board of Trus- 
tees of Rutgers College ; W. H. S. Demarest, LL.D., Presi- 
dent ; J. Preston Searle, D.D., Secretary ; Henry P. Schnee- 
weiss, Treasurer ; William H. Leupp, Esq., Chairman of 
Agricultural Committee ; Jacob G. Lipman, Ph.D., Director. 

ARCHITECTS, STATE BOARD. 

State Board of Architects — Charles P. Baldwin, President, 
Newark, 1918 ; William A. Klemann, Secretary, Trenton, 
1918 ; Louis H. Broome, Jersey City, 1918 ; Frederick W. 
Wentworth, Paterson, 1917 ; Arnold H. Moses, Camden, 1917. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

Commissioner — George M. LaMonte. 1919. 

Deputy Commissioner — Thomas K. Johnston. 

Assistant Deputy — Christopher A. Goff. 

Chief Clerk— Charles M. Bilderback. 

Chief, Building and Loan Division — Robert J. Thompson. 

CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Commissioner — Richard Stockton, Trenton, 1918. 
Assistant and State Architect — George E. Drew, Trenton. 
Consulting Engineer — Edward L. Pryor. 
Chief Clerk — Bessie E. Sutphin, Trenton. 

CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 

Board — Joseph W. McCrystal, Paterson, 1921 ; Caroline 
B. Wittpenn. President, Hoboken. 1919 ; Mary C. Jacobson. 
Newark, 1917 ; Benjamin F. Edsall. Secretary, Newark, 

1917 ; Robert L. Flemming, Jersey City, 1921 ; Charles J. 
Fisk, Plainfield, 1921 ; James Andrew Burns, Newark, 1919. 
Frances Day, Agent. 

CIVIL SERVICE. 

Commissioners — George H. Burke, President, Paterson, 

1918 ; Joseph S. Hoff, Princeton, 1919 ; Edward H. Wright, 
Newark, 1917 ; Theodore H. Smith, Jersey City, 1920. Chief 
Examiner and Seecretary, Gardner Colby, Newark. 



456 BOARDS, BUREAUS. ETC. 



COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION, BOARD OF. 

(This department consolidates the Board of Riparian Com- 
missioners, the Department of Inland Waterways, In- 
spectors of Power Vessels and New Jersey Harbor 
Commission.) 
J. Spencer Smith, President, Tenafly, 1917 ; Richard C. 
Jenkinson, Vice President, Newark, 1918 ; Allen K. White, 
Atlantic City, 1920; William T. Kirk. Beverly, 1920; J. 
Ward Richardson, Bridgeton, 1917 ; William L. Saunders, 
North Plainfield, 1918 ; John M. Ward, Paterson, 1919 ; 
W. Parker Runyon, Perth Amboy, 1919. Chief Engineer 
and Secretary, Benjamin F. Cresson, Jr., Montclair ; As; 
sistant Chief Engineer, John C. Payne, Jersey City. 

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT, 
DEPARTMENT OF. 

(This department consolidates the Forest Park Reservation 
Commission, Geological Survey, Washington Crossing 
Park Commission, State Museum Commission, Fort 
Nonsense Park Commission and the State Water-Supply 
Commission.) 
Walter J. Buzby, President, Atlantic City, 1917 ; Ed- 
ward S. Savage, Rahway, 1918 ; Stephen Pfeil, Camden, 
1920 ; Henry Crofut White, North Plainfield, 1920 ;■ Simon 
P. Northrup, Newark, 1917 ; Charles Lathrop Pack, Lake- 
wood, 1918 ; George A. Steele, Eatontown, 1919 ; Nelson 
B. Gaskill, Trenton, 1919. Director and State Forester, 
Alfred Gaskill ; State Geologist, Henry B. Kiimmel ; State 
Firewarden, Charles P. Wilber. 

ENTOMOLOGIST. STATE. 
Dr. John T. Headley, New Brunswick. 

FISH AND GAME DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioners — Ernest Napier, President. East Orange, 
1917 ; William A. Logue, Treasurer. Bridgeton. 1920 ; Wil- 
liam A. Faunce, Atlantic City, 1919 ; Bernard M. Shanley, 
Jr., Newark, 1918. Walter H. Fell, Secretary. State House, 
Trenton ; J. M. Stratton, Chief Warden, Long Branch ; 
Howard Mathis. Assistant Chief Warden. New Gretna ; Harry 
E. Cudney, Assistant Chief Warden, Hackettstown. Wardens 
— William B. Loder, Egg Harbor City ; Otis C. Small. Ham- 
monton ; William H. Small. Englewood ; Charles C. Morton, 
Mt. Holly ; Charles W. Folker. Camden ; William Steel, Cape 
May Court House ; Fred. S. Conner, Bridgeton ; George W. 
Phifer, Ormond ; Fred. J. Hall, Bloomfield ; John H. Avis, 
Woodbury ; John J. Park, White House Station ; H. M. 
Loveless, R. F. D, No. 1, Trenton ; Charles Stuerwald, 
South Amboy ; Garret P. Thorne, Holmdel, P. O. Matawan, 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 457 

R. F. D. ; W. E. Young, Chester ; A. J. Rider, Tuckerton ; 
r. K. Hilliard, Manahawkin ; James H. Evernham, Bayville ; 
Wm. C. Klein, Clifton; H. W. D. White, Pennsville; 'David 
A. Thompson. Salem ; Charles E. Welsh. East Millstone ; J. 
D. Roe, Xewton ; Wm. Hoblitzell, Rahway. 

HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF. 

William H. Chew, President, Salem, 1920 ; Frederick 
T. Crane, Orange, 1920 ; Edward A. Ayers, M.D., 
Branchville, 1917; Clyde Potts, C.E., Morristown, 1917; 
Oliver Kelly, Oak Tree. 1918 ; Howard E. Winter, Plainfield, 
ad in. ; J. Oliver McDonald. M.D.. Trenton. 1919 ; Harry 
Spence, M.D., Jersey City, 1919. Director, Dr. Jacob Cole 
Price ; Assistant Director and Chief of Laboratory of Hy- 
giene. Dr. R. B. FitzRandolph ; Assistant Director, William 
C. Tice. 

Department Chiefs — Bureau of Medical Supervision, Dr. 
A. Clark Hunt ; Bureau of Local Health Administration, 
David C. Bowen ; Bureau of Vital Statistics. David S. 
South ; Bureau of Engineering, Chester G. Wigley : Bu- 
reau of Education and Publicity, Dr. R. B. FitzRandolph ; 
Bureau of Food and Drugs, Wm. G. Tice, Acting Chief : 
Division of Milk Control, George W. McGuire ; Division of 
General Administration, Charles J. Merrell. 

HOSPITAT.S, STATE. 

Board of Managers at Morris Plains — .John C. Eisele. 
Newark, 1919 ; AlbeTt Richard. Dover, 1917 ; Dr. John 
Nevin, Jersey City, 1919 ; Patrick J. Ryan, President, 
Elizabeth, 1919 ; John T. Gillson, Paterson, 1917 ; Charles 
Hetzel, Newark, 1919 ; W. L. R. Lynd, Dover, 1917 ; Daniel 
S. Voorhees, Morristown, 1919. 

Board of Managers at Trenton — Joseph H. Moore, Hope- 
well, 1918 ; Luther M. Halsey, President, Williamstown, 
1917 ; Arthur D. Forst, Trenton, 1919 ; Alfred L. Ellis, 
Metuchen, 1917 ; William L. Black. Hammonton, 1919 ; 
Stewart Baton, Princeton, 1917 ; Dr. George T. Tracy, 
Beverly, 1917 ; Dr. Joseph E. Raycroft, Princeton. 1917. 

Officers at Morris Plains — Medical Director, Britton D. 
Evans. M.D. : Treasurer. Harrison P. Lindabury ; Warden, 
Orlando M. Bowen ; Secretary, Henry W. Buxton. 

Officers at Trenton — Medical Director, Dr. Harry A. Cot- 
ton, M.D. ; Treasurer, Harvey H. Johnson ; Warden, Samuel 
T. Atchley ; Secretary, Scott Scammell. 

INSANE ACCOMMODATION COMMISSION. 

Edmund E. Read, Jr.. Camden ; Dr. John Nevin. .Jersey 
City ; Ogden H. Hammond, Bernardsville ; John Whelan, 
Elizabeth; Clark D. Eaton, East Orange; Henry T. Kays, 
Newton. 



458 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

INHERITANCE TAX SUPERVISORS. 
(Office of State Comptroller.) 

State Supervisor — William D. Kelly, State House, Tren- 
ton. 

District Supervisors — Louis A. Repetto, Atlantic City ; 
James D. Moore, Hackensack ; Charles Stokes, Riverside ; 
John C. Doughten, Camden ; Laurence T. Fell, Newark ; J. 
Osden Burt, Bridgeton ; David F. Edwards, Jersey City ; 
Adam O. Bobbins, Flemington ; Charles H. McDermott, 
Trenton ; Willis Tullis Porch, Pitman : Schuyler C. Van 
Cleef, New Brunswick ; Wm. F. Lefferson, Manasquan ; 
C. Franklin Wilson, Morristown ; Geo. H. McCloskey, Point 
Pleasant; Robert J. McDermott. Paterson ; James E. Huls- 
hizer, Bernardsville ; Harold T. Simpson, Sussex ; Albert 
SteineT, Salem ; John P. Owens, Plainfield ; Edward L. 
Smith, Phillipsburg ; Jonathan Hand, Wildwood ; Harry M. 
Hitchner, Salem ; Ackerson J. Mackerly, Newton. 

LABOR DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner of Labor, Lewis T. Bryant, Atlantic City, 
1018. 

Assistant Commissioner of Labor — John I. Holt, Trenton. 

Bureau of Structural Inspection — Chief, Charles H. Weeks, 
South Orange. Bureau of Electrical Equipment — Chief, 
Rowland Leveridge, Plainfield. Bureau of Hygiene and Sani- 
tation — Chief, John Roach, Irvington. Expert Investigator 
— Lillian Erskine, Montclair. Bureau of Industrial Statistics 
—Chief, James T. Morgan, Elizabeth ; Clerk, James A. T. 
Oribbin, Trenton ; Clerk, Louis F. A. Herold, Newark. 
Workmen's Compensation Aid Bureau — -Secretary, William 
Stubbs, Trenton; Inspector, John Kent, Passaic. Factory 
Inspectors — William Baird, Vineland ; William Crowley, Jer- 
sey City ; Harry J. Goas, East Orange ; August Graf, Ho- 
boken ; Crowell M. Haslett, Jersey City ; Edward M. Hotch- 
kiss, Newark ; George J. Jaeger, Newark ; Henry Klussmann, 
West Hoboken ; Henry Kuehnle, Egg Harbor City ; Henry 
J. Lohse, Newark ; Laura W. Moore, Camden ; Walter H. 
Orr, Trenton ; Lydia E. Sayer, Newark ; William Schlachter, 
Orange : W. J. E. Seder, Newark ; Nellie H. Slayback. Mont- 
clair ; George J. Speidel, Elizabeth : Joseph Spitz, Newark ; 
James Stanton, Sussex ; James H. Tallon, Trenton. Special 
Inspector- — Edna M. Allen, Atlantic City. Mine Inspector — 
Augustus Munson, Dover. Bakery Inspector — Patrick J. 
Hayes, Jersey City. Examiners of Engineers and Firemen — 
Arthur L. Case, Plainfield ; Martin J. Hickey, Jersey City ; 
Joseph Scott, Whippany. Distributor — Charles Scullion, 
Trenton. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 459 

MEDICAL, DENTISTRY, PHARMACY AND VETER- 
INARIAN. 

State Board Medical Examiners — Ed\Yard Hill Baldwin, 
Newark. President, 1918 ; William P. Watson, Jersey City, 
1919 ; Davis P. Borden, Paterson, 1917 ; Alexander Marcy, 
Jr., Riverton, 1918 ; John J. Mooney, Jersey City, 1918 ; 
P. W. Cornwell, Plainfield, 1917 ; Alexander McAllister, Cam- 
den, 1917 ; Charles A. Groves, East Orange, 1919 ; D. Webb 
Cranberry, East Orange, 1919 ; James J. McGuire, Tren- 
ton, 1919. 

State Board of Dentistry — W. E. Truax, President, Free- 
hold, 1916 ; Charles P. Tuttle, Camden, 1918 ; H. S. Sutphin, 
Newark, ad in. ; Joseph Kussey, Newark, 1919 ; Vernon D. 
Rood, Morristown, 1917. 

State Board of Pharmacy — Lewis W. Brown, Englewood, 
1917 ; George M. Beringer, Jr., Camden, 1920 ; Ferdinand 
A. Bougartz. Jersey City, 1918 ; William H. McNeil, Pater- 
son, 1919 ; Edgar R, Sparks, Burlington, 1921. 

State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners — James L. 
Lindsay, Jersey City, 1918 ; Lester H. Stryker, Red Bank, 
1917 ; William A. Fitzpatrick, Burlington, 1917 ; James T. 
Glennon, Newark, 1919 ; J. W. Haffer, Paterson, 1919. 

MOTOR VEHICLE DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner — William L. Dill. 

Chief Clerk— E. Raymond Glover. 

Auditor — Nelson P. Howell. 

Inspectors (paid)— Chief, Edward Johnson, Jersey City; 
Deputy Chief, Anderson Shinn, Burlington ; George Thomp- 
son, Somerville ; Alexander Ackermann, West New York ; 
John W. Baldwin, Jersey City ; Charles D. Pedigree, Cam- 
den ; Dane B. Sawyer, Westwood ; E. Frank Boutillier, East 
Orange ; William Havens, Trenton ; Harry M. Shedd, Eliza- 
beth ; Harry G. Burton, New Brunswick ; John A. G. Grant, 
Atlantic City ; William K. Lovett, Wildwood ; William G. 
Vey, Hackettstown ; LeRoy Wyckoff, Manasquan ; Edward A. 
Martens, Ne'nark ; Maurice R. Mines, Woodbury ; William 
K. Teel, Washington ; Howard S. Fulper, Hampton ; Lester 
W. Gilbert, Jersey City ; Le Roy Lanning, Burlington ; 
Joseph E. McCabe, Paterson ; William S. Cooper, Trenton ; 
Henry Downs, Madison ; Harold Wintermute, Newton. 

NURSES. 

Board of Examiners— President, Marietta B. Squire, New- 
ark, 1917 ; Edith A. Hooper, Jersey City, 1919 ; Mary E. 
Rockhill, Camden, 1919 ; Secretary-treasurer, Jennie M. 
Shaw, Newark, 1918; Arabella R. Creech, 1918. 



460 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 



OPTOMETRY STATE BOARD. 

Louis A, Rochat, Upper Montclair, 1917 ; Llndcll C. Ash- 
burn, Cape May City, 1919 ; Freeman C. Learning, Presi- 
dent, Trenton, 1919 ; Harry E. Pine, Bridgeton, 1918 ; 
Benjamin Block, Elizabeth, 1918. 

PALISADES INTERSTATE PARK. 

Commissioners — George Waldridge Perkins, New York 
City. 1921 ; Edward L. Partridge, New York City, 1920 ; 
J. DuPratt White, Nyack, N. Y., 1919 ; William H. Porter, 
New York City, 1918 ; Frederick Sutro, Basking Ridge, 
1918 ; Charles W. Baker, Montclair, 1917 ; Richard V. 
Lindabury, Newark. 1921 ; Mornay Williams, Englewood, 
1919 ; W. Averell Harriman, Arden, N. Y., 1917 ; John J. 
Voorhees, Jersey City, 1920. 

PILOTAGE COMMISSION. 

Commissioners (office, 17 State street, New York City) — 
Benjamin Van Note, President, Lakewood, 1919 ; John W. 
Borden, Little Silver. 1917 ; John J. Scully, South Amboy, 
1919 ; William A. Maher, Hoboken, 1919 ; John Predmore, 
Barnegat, 1919 ; John D. Toppin, Newark, 1919. 

POLICE JUSTICES. 

Orange — Edward W. Woodman, 1919. 
South Orange — Edward McDonough, 1917. 

PRISON, STATE— TRENTON. 

Head Keeper — Richard P. Hughes. 

Fiscal Agent — Joseph P. McCormack. 

Inspectors — Jacob Shurts, Somerville, President, 1919 ; 
John F. Clark, Nutley, 1922 ; Walter M. Dear, Jersey 
City, 1917 ; Wilson T. Jones, Franklinville, 1918 ; Alvah 
L. Alpaugh, New Germantown, 1921 ; Charles S. Stevens, 
Cedarville, 1920. 

PRISON LABOR COMMISSION. 

Henry Isleib, Paterson, 1918 ; Cook Conkling, President, 
Rutherford, 1921 ; Richard H. More, Bridgeton. 1917 ; 
Commissioner of Charities and Corrections, Richard Stock- 
ton ; Prison Inspector, Walter M. Dear ; State Reformatory 
Commissioner, Freeman T. Woodbridge. 

PUBLIC UTILITY DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioners — Ralph W. E. Donges, Camden, President, 
1919; John J. Treacy, Jersey City, 1917; John W. Slo- 
cum. Long Branch, 1921. Secretary, Alfred N. Barber, 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 461 

Trenton. Counsel, L. Edward Herrmann, Jersey City. Ad- 
visory Counsel, Frank H. Sommer, Newark ; Assistant 
Counsel, Grover C. Richman, Camden. 

Inspectors — Chief, Philander Betts, Montclair ; James 
Maybury, Jr., Clifton ; Charles A. Mead, Upper Montclair ; 
Winslow B. Ingham, Salem ; Henry S. Lyon, Newark ; 
Peter J. Kerwin. Paterson ; Ed, B. Annette, Bayonne ; Jos- 
eph N. Vacca, Newark ; Henry E. Carver, Newark ; Lewis 
M, Meckler, Jr., Elizabeth ; Louis Powers, Lakewood ; Oak- 
ley W. "Wean, Milford ; John L. Vogel, Jersey City ; Na- 
thaniel Sofman, Ne\\ark ; Allen F. Brewer, West Orange ; 
Leo F. Conlon, Newark ; Francis J. Daly, Newark ; John 
P. Petty, Newark ; Terrance F, Beggans, Jersey City ; H. 
H. King, Jr., Newark. 

RAILROADS, JOINT COMPANIES. 

State Director — Edgar G. Weart, Princeton, 1917. 

REFORMATORY, STATE BOARD— RAHWAY. 

George W. Fortmeyer, East Orange, 1918 ; Freeman T. 
Woodbridge, New Brunswick, 1917 ; Decatur M. Sawyer, 
Montclair, 1919 ; Foster M. Yoorhees, Elizabeth. 1919 ; 
Edward D. Duffleld, South Orange, 1917 ; Rev. John Hand- 
ley, Ocean Grove, 1920 ; Frank M. Stillman, Rahway, 1918 ; 
David T. Kenney, Plainfield, 1920. The Governor is an 
ex-officio member. Superintendent, Frank Moore ; Deputy 
Superintendent, Richard F. Cross ; Chief Parole Officer, 
Charles S. Moore ; Field Parole Officer, Benjamin H. Crosby, 

REPORTS, PUBLIC, DEPARTMENT. 
Commissioner — Benjamin B. Bobbitt, 1919. 

ROADS, PUBLIC, DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner — Edwin A. Stevens (Feb. 20, 1917). 
State Highway Engineer — Robert A. Meeker, Plainfield. 

SHELL FISHERIES DEPARTMENT. 

(This board supersedes all former Oyster Commissions, &c., 
and Board of Shell Fisheries.) 

Josepli P. Fowler, Port Norris, 1917 ; Charles R. Covert, 
Leeesburg, 1920 ; Alfred B. Smith, East Atlantic City, 1920 ; 
Edward K. Allen, Jr., New Gretna, 1917 ; John W. Mason, 
Keyport, 1918 ; Augustus J. Meerwald, Dennisville, 1918 ; 
Peter C. Cozier, Newport, 1919 ; Frank R. Austin, Tucker- 
ton, 1919. Director — George A. Mott, Tuckerton. Chief 
of Atlantic County Branch — Edmund B. Smith. Chief of 
Ocean, Monmouth and Burlington Branch — Cornelius D. 
Kelly. 



462 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

SEWERAGE, PASSAIC VALLEY COMMISSION. 

Bernard W. Terlinde, President. Newark, 1921 ; Peter 
Hauck, Harrison, 1920 ; Frank J. Van Noort, Paterson, 
1918 ; James G. Blauvelt. Paterson, 1919 ; John J. Berry, 
Newark, 1917. Secretary-Treasurer — Joseph H. Quigg, Pat- 
erson. 

STATE ENGINEERING CONFERENCE. 

Organized pursuant to chapter 190, laws of 1915, and 
composed of officials and representatives of state depart- 
ments as follows : Department of Public Roads ; Public 
Utility Commission; Commissioner of Motor Vehicles; 
Director of Conservation and Development ; Chief En- 
gineer of Commerce and Navigation : State Board of Taxes 
and Assessment ; State Architect ; State Board of Agricul- 
ture ; Department of Health ; Department of Labor ; Civil 
Service Commission ; Water Supply Commission. Alfred 
Gaskill, Secretary. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

The Governor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller. 
Custodian of the State House and Public Grounds — John 
A.. Smith. 

STATE PURCHASING AGENT. 
Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah, 1921. 

TAXES AND ASSESSMENT, STATE BOARD OF. 

(This board supersedes the former Board of Equalization of 
Taxes and the State Board of Assessors.) 

Lucius T. Russell, President, Elizabeth. 1918 ; George T. 
Bouton, Jersey City, 1919 ; Frank B. Jess, Haddon Heights, 
1917 ; Fred. A. Gentieu, Pennsgrove. 1917 : Isaac Barber. 
Phillipsburg, 1918. Secretary — Frank D. Schroth. Field 
Secretary and Clerk — Frank A. O'Connor. Engineer — Louis 
Focht. 

COUNTY BOARDS OF TAXATION. 

Atlantic County — Thomas B. Williams. Atlantic City. 
1919 ; John T. French. Atlantic City, 1918 ; Frederick W. 
Somers, Oceanville, 1917. Secretary, Franz T. Voelker, 
Atlantic City. 

Bergen County — William Conklin, Hackensack, 1918 ; 
Frank McLees, Rutherford, 1917 ; Herbert M. Bailey, Hack- 
ensack, 1919. Secretary. Robert B. Murphy, Hackensack. 

Burlington County — William F. Morgan. Palmyra. 1917 ; 
Joseph L, Thomas, Riverton, 1919 ; Frank A. Braddock, 
Medford, ad int. Secretary, William H. Absalom, Mount 
Holly. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 463 

Camden County — Francis D. Weaver, Camden, 1919 ; Wil- 
liam Scbmid, East Camden, 1918; Charles A. McElhone, 
Gloucester City, 1917. Secretary, Hubert H. Pfeil, Camden. 

Cape May County — Samuel F. Eldridge. Cape May, 1919 ; 
Oliver I. Blackwell, Wildwood, 1918 ; William J. Tyler, 
1917. Secretary, Harry C. Stites, Cape May Court House. 

Cumberland County — Edward H. Corson, Millville, 1919 ; 
George Hampton, Bridgeton, 1918 ; William Myers, Vineland, 
1917. Secretary, Linwood W. Errickson. Biidgeton. 

Essex County — Jerome T. Congleton, Newark, 1919 ; Wil- 
liam P. Macksey, East Orange, 1918 ; John B. Oelkers, 
Newark, 1917. Secretary, James A. Mungle. 

Gloucester County — Eli Heritage, Ricbwood, 1919 ; Wil- 
liam C. Allen, Westville, 1918 ; Thomas C. Dilkes, Mantua, 
1917. Secretary, Thomas W. HurfE, Woodbury. 

Hudson County — Clarence T. Van Deren, Harrison, 1919 ; 
Philip McGovern, Jersey City, 1918 ; Thomas B. Usher, 
Jersey City, 1917. Secretary, Joseph P. McLean, Jersey 
City. 

Hunterdon County — Chester Tomson, Clinton. 1919 ; 
James H. Trewin, Flemington, 1918 ; Samuel D. Skillman, 
Whitehouse, 1917. Secretary, William D. Bloom, Fleming- 
ton. 

Mercer County — Alfred K. Leuckel, Trenton, 1918 ; Frank 
R. Adams, Dutch Neck, 1917 ; Edv/ard B. Morris, Trenton, 
1919. Secretary, Harry C. Hartpence, Trenton. 

Middlesex County — George J. Haney, Perth Amboy, 1919 ; 
William C. Jacques, New Brunswick, 1918 ; William D. 
Voorhees, Perth Amboy, 1917. Secretary, J, Edward 
Harned, Woodbridge. 

Monmouth County — Albert L. Ivins, Red Bank. 1919; 
Richard W. Herbert, Wickatunk, 1918 ; William K. Deve- 
reux, Asbury Park, 1917. Secretary, Charles L. Stout, 
Freehold. 

Morris County — Horace L, Dunham. Dover, 1919 ; George 
W. Weber, Madison, 1918 ; Edward A. Quayle, Morristown, 
1917. Secretary, J. C. White, Madison. 

Ocean County — James D. Holman, Whitesville, 1919 ; 
Nicholas McDonald, Lakewood, 1918 ; George C. Van Hise, 
Toms River, 1917. Secretary, George H. Irons, Toms River. 

Passaic County — Frederick Wolfhegel, Paterson, 1919 ; 
William G. Bateman, Passaic, 1918 ; Frank Van Cleve, 
Paterson, 1917. Secretary, Bernard L. Stafford, Paterson. 

Salem County — Samuel P. Foster, Elmer. 1919 ; Clayton 
L. Batten, Pennsville, 1918 ; Clark Pettit, Salem, 1917. 
Secretary, M. H. Stratton, Jr., Salem. 

Somerset County — Edward E. Cooper, Mount Bethel, 
1919 ; Andrew R. Kenney. North Plainfield, 1918 ; William 
J. De Mond, Somerville, 1917. Secretary, Carlton P. Hoag- 
land, Somerville. 



464 BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 

Sussex County — Martin W. Bowman, Sussex, 1919 ; Rob- 
ert T. Johnson, Newton, 1918 ; B. Frank Quince, Sussex, 
1917. Secretary, Obadiah E. Armstrong, Newton. 

Union County — Lloyd Tliompson, Wostfielcl, 1919 ; John J. 
Collins, Elizabeth, 1918 ; William A. Coddington, Tlainficld, 
1917. Secretary, John R. Connolly, Elizabeth. 

"Warren County— Arthur G. Taylor, Phillipsburg, 1919 ; 
Michael Connlain, Phillipsburg, 1918 ; William J. Barker, 
Hackettstown, 1917. Secretary, Claude E. Cook, Phillipsburg. 

TEACHERS' RETIREMENT FUND. 

Trustees — Calvin N. Kendall, Trenton, President ; William 
T. Read. Trenton, Treasurer ; Addison B. Poland, New- 
ark, 1920 ; William R. Codington, Plainfield, 1920 ; James 
E. Bryan, Camden, 1917 ; Elizabeth A. Allen, Hoboken, 
Secretary, 1918 ; S. Emily Potter, Newark, 1918 ; Miss Sophie 
M. Braun, Elizabeth, 1919. James Fitzpatrick, Paterson, 
1919; William G. Bumstead, Jersey City, 1917. 

TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS. 

Trustees Newark Technical School — John B. Stobaeus, 
1918 ; Herbert P. Gleason, 1918 ; Samuel E. Robertson, 
1919 : John A. Furman. 1919 ; Halsey M. Larter, 1920 ; 
Frederick L. Eberhardt, 1920 ; Peter Campbell, 1917 ; 
Abraham Rothschild, 1917. 

Trustees Industrial Education, Hoboken — John Henry 
Cuntz, 1918 ; William L. E. Keufifel, 1918 ; Helene Wil- 
lenborg, 1919 ; Richard Stevens. 1920 ; Caroline B. Witt- 
penn, 1917 ; James Smith, 1917 ; J. W. Rufus Besson, 
1919 ; Bernard Vezzetti, 1920. 

Board of Trustees of Industrial Education, Trenton — 
Frederick H. Clark, 1917 ; Edward C. Stover, 1917 ; Her- 
man C. Mueller, 1918; Frank S. Katzenbach, Jr.. 1920; 
Clifton Reeves, 1918 ; Charles Howell Cook. 1919 : John 
S. Broughton, 1919; John A. Campbell, 1920. All De- 
cember 30th. Robert C. Belville, Secretary. 

TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION, BOARD. 

John A. Campbell, President, Trenton, 1920 ; James M. 
Stewart, Paterson, 1917 : William Locke Rockwell, Mont- 
clair, 1918 ; Charles A. McCormick, New Brunswick. 1919 ; 
Pierre F. Cook, Jersey City, ad in. Secretary, Miles W. 
Beemer, Jersey City. 

UNDERTAKERS AND EMBALMERS, BOARD. 

John F. Martin, Elizabeth, Secretary, 1918 ; John A. 
Maxwell, Somerville. 191S ; William Stafford, Patereson, 
1918 ; William H. Hannold, Jr., Swedesboro, 1918 ; Joseph 
J. Mullen, Newark, 1919. 



BOARDS, BUREAUS, ETC. 465 



WATER SUPrLY COMMISSION (North Jersey). 

George F. Wright, Paterson, 1917 ; Ernest C. Hinch, 
Montclair, 1918 ; William E. Ramsay, Perth Amboy, 1919 ; 
Laurent J. Tonnele, Bayonne, 1920. 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

State Superintendent — William L. Waldron, Trenton, 1917. 
Assistants — Elliott B. Holton. Newark ; Augustus W. 
Schwartz, Elizabeth ; Secretary, Edward F. Craig, Trenton ; 
J. Frank Fowler, Trenton. 
30 



466 HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 



HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC, 



BOYS, STATE HOME FOR. 

Jamesburg. 

Trustees — Arthur D. Chandler, Orange, 1918 ; Martin C 
Ribsam, Trenton, 1018; Joseph Mitchell, Jersey City, 1919; 
George M. Lamont, Bound Brook, 1917; Frank M. Donohue, 
President, New Brunswick, 1919 ; Augustus S. Crane, Eliza- 
beth, 1917, Superintendent — Richard J. Drever. 

GIRLS, STATE HOME FOR. 

Trenton. 

Trustees — J. INIitchell Reese, Phillipsburg, President, 1920 ; 
Jeannette Coyne Middleton, Trenton, 1919 ; Alice Cantwell, 
Trenton. Secretary, 1917; Paula Laddey, Newark, 1918; 
James H. Cubberly, Jersey City, Treasurer, 1919. Superin- 
tendent, Mrs. Elizabeth V. H. Mansell. Parole OflBcers, Miss 
Nellie F. Dullard, Trenton ; Mrs. Bertha Clark, Newark. 

EPILEPTICS, VILLAGE FOR. 

(Henry M. Weeks Hospital.) 

Skillman Station (Somerset county). 

Herman F. Moosbrugger, President, Somerville, 1918 ; 
Samuel Roy Heath, ad in. ; Dr. Richard Moldenke, TVat- 
chung. 1920 ; Georgiana Doane Collard, Treasurer. Jersey 
City. 1917 ; Dr. William A. Clark, Trenton, 1920 ; Dr. J. M. 
Carnochan, Princeton. 1919 ; John Edward Clark, New 
Brunswick, 1918; Mrs. Frank Hyde, Plainfield. 1917. 
Superintendent, Dr. David F. Weeks. Steward, William H. 
Schultz. 

FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 

Vineland. 

New Jersey Training School for Feeble-Mlnded Girls and 
Boys, Vineland. Directors — Governor, ex-oflScio ; D. Wilson" 
Moore. Colorado Springs, 1919 ; Bleecker Van Wagenen, 
New York, 1919; Thomas J. Smith, M.D., Bridgeton, 1919; 
Rev. H. H. Beadle, Bridgeton, 1920 ; E. E. Read, Jr., Cam- 
den, 1920 ; Milton J. Greenman, Philadelphia, 1917 ; W 
Graham Tyler, Philadelphia, 1917 ; Charles KeigMey, Vine- 



HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC 467 

land, 1917; P. P. Baker, Wildwood Crest, 1918; Howard 
L. Branson, Vineland, 1920; E. C. Stokes, MillviHe, 1918 
Samuel Fels, Philadelphia, 1917 ; Maurice B. Ayars, Salem 
1919 ; D. Harrj^ Chandler, Vineland, 1918 ; R. Bayard Cut 
ting, New York, 1918. Officers of the Board— Philip P, 
Baker, President ; W. Graham Tyler, Vice-President ; Ed 
ward R. Johnstone, Secretary and Superintendent. 

FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

Vineland. 

Board of Managers — Mrs. Annie E. Gile, Bloomfield, 1921 
George B. Thorn, Treasurer, CrosswiCiis, 1918 ; Harry H 
Pond, President, Vineland, 1922 ; Richard C. Jenkinson 
Newark, 1921 ; William J. Dawson. Wenonah, 1918 ; Mrs, 
Bloomfield H. Mlnch, Bridgeton, 1918 ; Jessie K. Marvel 
Atlantic City, 1922. Dr. Madeleine A. Hallowell, Super 
visor and Medical Director. 

FIREMEN'S HOME. 

Boonton. 

Managers— James K, Manning, Chairman, Elizabeth, 1920 ; 
Egbert Seymour, Bayonne, 1920 ; Bird W. Spencer, Passaic ; 
Jacob L. Bunnell, Newton, 1920 ; Charles E. Close, Mata- 
wan, 1920 ; John Kennell, Passaic, 1920 ; Edward O'Donnell, 
Jersey City. 1920 : John Senft. Merchantville, 1918 ; Wil- 
liam B. Vandegrift, Burlington, 1918 ; Patrick Farrell, Mont- 
clair. 1918 ; Michael A. Dunn, Hoboken, 1918 ; Elias K. 
Leslie. Trenton. Secretary, 1920 ; William H. Matthews, 
Orange, 1920. The State Comptroller and Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance and President of the State Firemen's 
Association are members ex-officio. 

SOLDIERS, HOME FOR DISABLED. 
Kearny, Hudson county, Is. J. 

Managers — Captain R. Wayne Parker, Newark, 1919 ; 
Colonel Henry Allers, M.D., Treasurer, Harrison, 1919 ; 
General Edwin W. Hine, President, Newark. 1919 ; General 
Joseph H. Brensinger. Jersey City. 1919 ; William C. Smith, 
North Plainfield, 1918 ; Thomas Enright, Jersey City, ad in. 
The Commander of the G. A. R. 

Officers — Superintendent, James F. Connelly ; Adjutant, 
Alonzo P. Lenox ; Quartermaster, George C. Chandler ; 
Surgeon, Eugene H. Golberg, M.D. ; Chaplain, Rev. John D. 
Ferguson. 



468 HOMES, SANITORIUMS, ETC. 

SOLDIERS, DISABLED, SAILORS, MARINES AND 

THEIR WIVES. 

Vineland, 

Managers — George Barrett, Camden, 1919 ; Cyrus F. Os 
good, Haramonton, 1919; John W. Bodine, Camden, 1920 
James W. Trenchard, Bridgeton, 1921 ; Thomas F. McCor 
mack, Trenton, ad in. The Commander of the O. A. R. : 
Commandant, John Shields ; Adjutant, Ed. P. Southwick 
Surgeon, John S. Halsey ; Matron, Emma J. Southwick. 

TUBERCULOUS DISEASES, SANITORIUM FOR. 

Glen Gardner (Hunterdon county). 

Board of Managers — William H. Kensinger, Camden, 1919 ; 
Frederick J. Hughes, North Plainfield, 19l8 ; Elmer Howard 
Loomis, Princeton, 1919 ; Edwin J. Burke, Secretary and 
Treasurer, Trenton, 1917 ; Theodore W. Corwin, President, 
Newark, 1920 ; Lucy J. W. Taylor. High Bridge, 1918 ; 
\Valter Kidde, Montclair. 1920; Dr. Frederick C. Low, 
High Bridge, 1917. Medical Director, Dr. Samuel B. Eng- 
lish ; Assistant, Dr. Henry B. Dunham. 

WOMEN'S REFORMATORY COMMISSION. 

Board of Managers — President, Mrs. H. Otto Wittpenn, 
Jersey City, 1919 ; Secretary, Anna I. LaMonte. Bound 
Brook, 1918 ; Treasurer, Alfred G. Evans, Madison, 1917 ; 
Mrs. Thomas H. Taylor. Montclair. 1919 : Dr. Thomas H. 
Flvnn, Somerville. 1919 ; James E. Brodhead. Flemington, 
1918 ; Mabel C. Fielder, Jersey City, 1917 ; Mrs. Rudolph 
V. Kuser, Trenton, 1919 ; Superintendent, Miss May 
Caughey. 



COMMISSIONS. 469 

COMMISSIONS. 



BLIND, TO AMELIORATE CONDITION OF. 

C. Rudolph Diefenbach, Jersey City, 1917 ; Mrs. Albert 
T. Beckett, Salem, 1918 ; Mrs. Emilie Benson Welsh, Mont- 
clalr, 1918 ; Mrs. Harriet Fisher Andrews, Trenton, 1918 ; 
Wells P. Eagleton, Newark, 1918. 

COLONIES FOR FEEBLE-MINDED MALES. 

Richard A. Claybrook, Plainfield, 1918 ; Daniel W. 
Bishop, Florence, 1918 ; Ephraim Morrison, Newton, 1919 ; 
George A. Armour, Princeton, 1919 ; Richard Stockton, 
Trenton. 

CONVICT LABOR. 

Richard Stockton, Dr. Jacob C. Price, Edwin A. Stevens, 
•Keeper of State Prison. William W. Smalley, Bound Brook ; 
Fred G. Stickel, Jr., Newark ; Henry F, Hilfers, Newark ; 
Henry Crist, Woodbury. 

DELAWARE RIVER BRIDGE AND TUNNEL 
COMMISSION. 

Thomas J. S. Barlow, Maple Shade, 1917 ; Isaac M. 
Grimson, Camden. 1917 ; Clement H. Budd, Woodbury, 
1917; William F. Morgan, Palmyra, 1918; Samuel T. 
French, Camden, 1918 ; Charles Walton, Woodbury, 1918 ; 
William D. Cowperthwaite. Medford, 1919 ; George 
PfeifEer, Jr., Merchantville. 1919 ; George W. Carr, Pit- 
man, 1919 ; Frank Burroughs, Bridgeton, 1919. 

DELAWARE RIVER TOLL BRIDGES. 

John A. Campbell, President, Trenton ; Reginald W. Dar- 
nell, Phillipsburg ; Phineas K. Hazen, Lambertville. Secre- 
tary, Frank Barkley, Lambertville. 

EAST JERSEY PROPRIETORSHIP. 

John D. Prince, RIngwood ; Frankland Briggs, Newark ; 
Heulings Lippincott, Camden 

ECONOMY AND EFFICIENCY. 

The final report of this Commission was discussed at the 
State House on Friday, December 22, with Governor-elect 
Edge presiding. The Commission felt that its work had 
been completed and decided on a dissolution. The oflSce was 
kept open until March to finish its affairs. 



470 COMMISSIONS. 



HIGHWAY COMMISSION. 

Governor, President of the Senate, Speaker of the House 
and Public Road Commissioner. 

IMMIGRATION. 

Robert A. Franljs, Orange ; William Fellowes Morgan, Short 
Hills ; Robert Fleming, Jersey City. Secretary, Alexander 
Cleland. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 

George R. Howe, President, Newark ; George G. Tennant, 
Jersey City ; William A. Bainbridge, Roselle Park ; John 
W. Ferguson, Paterson ; Ferdinand W. Roebling, Jr., Tren- 
ton. Secretary, Albert a. Snowden, Newark. 

INTERSTATE BRIDGE AND TUNNEL. 

W. H. Noyes, Englewood : George Limouze, Weehawken ; 
DeWitt Van Buskirk, Bayonne ; J, Hollis Wells, New York ; 
John J. O'Leary, Passaic. 

LAND MARKS PRESERVATION. 

William C. Gebhardt, Clinton ; George M. La Monte, 
Bound Brook ; Henry E. Newman, Lakewood ; Thomas R. 
Layden, Paterson ; two vacancies. 

MENTAL DEFECTIVES COMMISSION. 

• Richard Stockton, Trenton; Dr. Stewart Paton, Prince- 
ton ; Dr. John L. Nevin, Jersey City ; Edmund E. Read, 
Jr., Camden ; Edward D. Page, Oakland. 

MECHANICS' LIEN LAW REVISION. 

Frank H. Genung, Newark ; Arthur Quinn, Perth Amboy ; 
James G. Blauvelt, Paterson ; William E. Tuttle, Westfield. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 

Members — Comptroller of the Treasury, Adjutant-General, 
Quartermaster-General, President of Senate, Speaker of 
House of Assembly, Theodore W. Morris, President ; James 
T. Burtis, Treasurer ; John B. Conover ; Joseph A. Yard, 
Secretary, Freehold. 

MORRIS CANAL ABANDONMENT. 

John W. Wescott, Camden ; Charles H. Ingersoll, East 
Orange ; Foster F. Birch, Dover ; John I. Blair Reiley, 
Phillipsburg ; C. Howard Slater, Jersey City ; Henry M. 
Doremus, Newark ; Carlton Godfrey, Atlantic City ; Man- 



COMMISSIONS. 471 

gold H. Ellenbogan, Paterson ; Fred G. Stickel, Jr., Newark ; 
Albert F. Ganz, Hoboken ; William Libbey, Princeton ; Jan 
D. Ely, Marlboro. 

OLD AGE PENSION. 

Thomas R. Laydon, Paterson, 1917 ; Everett Colby, West 
Orange, 1919 ; Charles McLaughlin, Paterson, 1918 ; 
John H. Adamson, Clifton, 1920 ; Augustine Elmendorf, 
Newark, 1921. 

PASSAIC RIVER NAVIGATION. 

J. Wiilard De Yoe, David Boyle and William A. Hopson, 
Paterson ; Anton L. Pettersen and John Schmidt, Passaic. 

TUBERCULOSIS IN ANIMALS. 

President, Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, Somerville ; Secretary, 
Franklin Dye, Trenton ; A. A. Cortelyou, Somerville ; Wil- 
liam Richman, Treasurer, Sharptown ; Benjamin F. Buzby, 
Swedesboro ; John C. Sharp, Blairstown ; George M. La 
Monte, Bound Brook. 

UNIFORM LEGISLATION IN UNITED STATES. 

Frank Bergen, Elizabeth ; John R. Hardin, Newark ; 
Mark A. Sullivan, Jersey City. All in 1920. 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY. 

Morristown. 
President, Alfred Elmer Mills ; First Vice-President, 
Wiilard W. Cutler ; Second Vice-President, Henry A. 
Henriques ; Secretary, Henry C. Pitney, Jr. ; Treasurer, 
John H, Bonsall ; Curator, Miss Altha E. Hatch ; Trus- 
tees, 1915, Alfred Elmer Mills, Henry C. Pitney, Jr., Henry 
A. Henriques, Wiilard W. Cutler, George R. Howe, John H. 
Bonsall, Charles M. Lum, Francis J. Swayze, Philander B. 
Pierson ; Executive Committee, 1915, Alfred Elmer Mills, 
Wiilard W. Cutler, Henry A, Henriques, Henry C. Pitney, 
Jr., John H. Bonsall, Miss Altha E. Hatch, Wynant D. 
Vanderpool. 

WASHINGTON ROCK PARK. 

Mrs. Charles W. McCutchin, Plainfield ; Mrs. Frederick 
G. Mead, Plainfield ; Mrs. John F. Harman, Plainfield ; 
Percy II. Stewart, Plainfield; William J. Butfield, North 
Plainfield. 

INVESTIGATING AND REVISION COMMITTEES. 

Cities and Municipalities — Edward P. Merrey, Paterson ; 
Leon Abbett, Jersey City ; Francis A. Stanger, Jr., Bridge- 
ton. 



472 COMMISSIONS. 

Civil Service (Investigating) — O. II. Hammond, Bernards- 
villc ; Harold B. Wells, Bordentown ; Carlton B. Pierce, 
Union ; Charles M. Egan, Jersey City ; Charles L. Morgan, 
Elizabeth ; A. Dayton Oliphant, Trenton ; James C. Agnew, 
West Hoboken ; Counsel, Everett Colby ; Secretary, Howard 
B. Tindell. 

Corporation Laws (Revision) — Charles A. Rathbun, 
Madison ; Barton B. Hutchinson, Trenton ; William E. 
Florence, New Brunswick ; Edmund B. Randall, Paterson ; 
Carlton Godfrey, Atlantic City. 

Elections (Revision) — Peter J. McGinnis, Paterson ; John 
B. Woolston, Newark ; Frederic R. Brace, Trenton. 

Fish, Came and Birds (Revision) — William C. French, 
Camden ; Thomas A. Mathis, Toms River ; John A. Ackley, 
Vineland ; Raymond Sheppard, Haleyville ; Harry W. Mutch- 
ler, Rockaway ; James M. Stratton, Trenton. 

GOOD ROADS. 

John W. Herbert, Helmetta, President ; P^ank R. Ridg- 
way, Mullica Hill, Secretary ; Horace Bonnell, East Orange ; 
J. H. Wood, Orange ; Edwin A. Stevens, Trenton. 

MILITARY TRAINING, HIGH SCHOOLS. 

John C. Bliss, Montclair ; Henry D. Snyder, Jersey City ; 
Winfield S. Price, Camden ; William W. Smalley, Bound 
Brook ; A. Dayton Oliphant, Trenton. 

MUNICIPAL FINANCING. 

Arthur N. Pierson, Westfield ; E. Morgan Barradale, 
South Orange ; Ogden H. Hammond, Bernardsville ; Carl- 
ton Godfrey, Atlantic City ; George H. Dalrymple, Passaic ; 
Alonzo D. Herrick, Hackettstown ; Allan W. Moore, Hobo- 
ken ; Chas. A. Wolverton, Camden ; Elmer H. Geran, Mata- 



LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 473 



LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 



New Year's Day — January 1st. 
Lincoln's Birthday — February 12th. 
Washington's Birthday — February 22d. 
Good Friday — April 6th. 
Memorial Day — May 30th. 
Independence Day — July 4th. 
Labor Day — First Monday in September. 
Columbus Day — October 12th. 
Thanksgiving Day — Last Thursday In November. 
General Election Day — First Tuesday after first Monday 
in November. 

Christmas Day — December 25th. 



474 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



OP STATE OFFICERS AND MEMBERS AND OFFICERS OF THE 
LEGISLATURE. 

EXECUTIVE, STATE, TREASURY AND LAW DEPART- 
MENTS. 

Governor, three years, $10,000. Secretary to the Governor, 
three years, $4,000. Executive Clerk, $2,100. 

Secretary of State, five years, $6,000. Assistant, five 
years, $3,000. 

State Treasurer, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy State Treasurer, $4,500. 

State Comptroller, three years, $6,000. 

Deputy Comptroller, three years, $3,600. 

Attorney-General, five years, $7,000. 

Assistant Attorney-General, $5,000 ; Second Assistant, 
$4,800. 

State Purchasing Agent — Ed-ward E. Grosscup, five years, 
$5,000. 

THE COURTS. 

Chancellor, seven years, $13,000. 

Vice-Chancellors, seven years, $12,000. 

Clerk in Chancery, five years, $6,000 ; Deputy, $3,000. 

Chief Justice Supreme Court, seven years, $13,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, seven years, 
$12,000. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court, five years, $6,000. 

Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals, six years, $20 
a day for attendance at Court and $20 a day, not exceeding 
thirty days each term, when engaged in examination of 
cases or writing of opinions. 

Circuit Court Judges, seven years. $9,000. 

Chancery and Law Reporters, each $500. 

Sergeants-at-Arms, Chancery Chambers, $1,500. 

Judges of County Courts (Common Pleas, &c.), five years. 
Essex and Hudson, $7,500 ; Passaic, Bergen, Camden and 
Union, $6,500 ; Mercer, Middlesex and Monmouth, $6.000 ; 
Atlantic, Burlington and Morris, $4.500 ; Cumberland, 
Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem, Somerset and Warren, $3,000 ; 
Sussex, $2,700 ; Cape May and Ocean, $1,800. 

Juvenile Courts. Essex and Hudson counties, five years, 
$5,000. Attendants, each $1,200. • 

District Court Judges, five years. Newark and Jersey 
City (two each), $4,000; Clerks, $2,000; Deputy Clerks, 
$1,500; Assistant Clerks, $1,200. Paterson, Trenton, Cam- 



SALARIES AXD TERMS OF OFFICE. 475 

den, $3,500; Clerks. $1,750. Atlantic City, Bayonne, Ho- 
boken, Passaic, Elizabeth, $3.000 ; Clerks, $1,500. East 
Orange, Orange, New Brunswick and Perth Amboy, $2,500 ; 
Clerks, $1,250. Plainfield, $2,000; Clerk, $900. 

Judicial Districts, Essex, First district, $3,000; Hudson, 
First district, $3,000; Bergen (three), Morris. Somerset, 
$2,000; Monmouth (two), $1,800; Clerks, $1,200; $900 
to $600, according to population. Assistant Clerks, $800, 
$500, $350. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas, five years. Essex and Hudson. 
$8,000 ; two assistants in Essex and Hudson. $6,000 and 
$4,000. Bergen, Camden, Passaic and Union. $7,500. Mer- 
cer and Middlesex. $6,000. Monmouth, $4,500. Atlantic, 
Morris, $4,000. Burlington, $3,000. Cumberland, Warren, 
Somerset, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem, Sussex, Cape May, 
Ocean, $2,000. 

Assistant Prosecutors. Passaic, $5,000. Atlantic, Mon- 
mouth, Camden, Bergen and Union, $3,000. Mercer and 
Middlesex, $2,500. Morris and Somerset, $1,500. 

Sheriffs, three years. Essex and Hudson. $10,000. 

County Clerks, Surrogates and Registers of Deeds, five 
years. Essex and Hudson, $7,500. 

In all other counties the term of ofiice for the officials 
above named is the same and the salaries are as follows : 
Passaic, Bergen, Camden, Mercer, Middlesex, Union, $6,500 ; 
Monmouth, $5.500 : Atlantic. Burlington, Morris, $4.500 ; 
Cumberland, $3,500 ; Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem. Somer- 
set, Sussex, Warren, Cape May, $2,500; Ocean, $2,000. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

Commissioner, three years, $6,000 ; Deputy, $3,500. 

Superintendent of Municipal Sinking Funds, $3,600. 

MILITARY. 
Adjutant-General, $2,500 ; Chief Clerk, $2,500. 
Quartermaster-General, $2,500; Chief Clerk, $2,500. 
Military Storekeeper, $1,200. 

EDUCATIONAL— STATE LIBRARY, ETC. 

State Board of Education, eight years, no salary. 

State Commissioner of Education, five years, $10,000. 

Four Assistant Commissioners, each $4,500 ; Inspector of 
Buildings, $2,500 ; Inspector of Accounts. $2,500. 

Principal of Trenton Normal School, $5,500 ; Steward, 
$1,700. Principal Montclair Normal School, $6,000. Prin- 
cipal Newark Normal School. $5,000. 

County Superintendents of Public Schools, three years, 
$3,000; Clerks. $600. 

State Librarian, five years, $3,000; Assistants, $3,280. 

Public Library Commissioners, five years, no salary. 



476 SALARIES AND TERMS OP OFFICE. 



COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION DEPARTMENT. 

Members, eight, four years, no salary. 

Chief Engineer, four years, $5,000 ; Assistant Chief, 
$4,500; Inspector, $1,200. 

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT. 

Members, eight, four years, no salary. 
Director, four years, $4,200; State Geologist, $4,000; 
Assistant, $2,600; Chemist, $2,400. 

STATE PRISON AND REFORMATORIES, ETC. 

Keeper of the State Prison, five years, $3,500. 

Inspectors of the State Prison, six years, $500. 

Fiscal Agent of the State Prison, $2,000. 

Moral Instructors of the State Prison, $1,200 ; Resident 
Physician, $1,900; Visiting Physician, $1,800. 

Commissioners of the New Jersey Reformatory, four years, 
no salary. 

Superintendent of the New Jersey Reformatory, five 
years, $4,000 ; Deputy Superintendent and Chief Parole 
Oflacer, $1,500. 

State Reformatory for Women, six Commissioners, three 
years, no salary ; Superintendent, $1,200. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

Board of Managers, five years, no salary. 

Morris Plains— Medical Director, $6,000; two Senior 
Physicians, $2,000 each ; two Junior Physicians, $1,700 
each ; one Junior, $1,500 ; two Juniors, $1,400 each ; one 
Junior, $1,300; Warden, $3,000; Treasurer, $500; Secre- 
tary, $1,000. 

Trenton — Medical Director, $4,500 ; First Assistant, 
$2,000 ; Second Assistant, $1,500 ; Third Assistant, $1,200 ; 
Fourth Assistant, $1,500 ; Fifth Assistant, $1,000 ; Warden, 
$3,500 ; Treasurer, $500 ; Secretary, $1,000. 

TAXES AND ASSESSMENT. 

Members of Board, three years. President, $4,000 ; other 
members, $3,000 ; Secretary, $2,500 ; Field Secretary, $2,500. 

County Boards — Essex and Hudson, $3,500 ; Passaic, 
$2,200 ; Bergen, Camden and Union, $2,000 ; Mercer and 
Middlesex, $1,800; Monmouth, $1,600; Atlantic and Mor- 
ris, $1,400 ; Burlington and Cumberland, $1,200 ; Cape 
May, Hunterdon, Ocean, Gloucester, Salem, Somerset, Sussex 
and Warren, $1,000. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 477 



PUBLIC UTILITY AND WATER-SUPPLY COMMISSIONS. 

Public Utility Commission, six years, $7,500; Counsel, 
$7,500 ; Assistant Counsel, $2,500 ; Secretary, $4,000 ; Chief 
Inspector, $5,000 ; Inspectors, $1,500, $1,800, $2,500, $3,000, 
$3,600. 

Water-Supply Commission, $2,500 ; Secretary, $2,500 ; 
Engineer, $3,000. 

SHELL FISHERIES DEPARTMENT. 

Eight members, four years, no salary. Director, three 
years, $2,000; Chiefs of Divisions, $1,200 each. 

LABOR DEPARTMENT. 

Commissioner Department of Labor, three years, $6,000 ; 
Assistant Commissioner, three years, $3,000 ; Inspectors, 
$1,500. 

Chief Bureau of Industrial Statistics, $2,500. 

Employers' Liability Clerk, Expert, $2,000 ; Assistants, 
$2,000 and $1,800. 

CHARITIES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Commissioner, three years, $4,000 ; Assistant, three 
years, $3,600. 

STATE HOUSE CUSTODIAN. 

Custodian of the State House, at pleasure of the Governor, 
State Treasurer and State Comptroller, $3,500 ; Assistant, 
$1,500. 

CIVIL SERVICE BOARD, REPORTS COMMISSIONER AND 
AUDITORS. 

Auditors of Accounts in Comptroller's Department, Chief, 
$3,000 ; Assistants, $2,000 each ; Stenographer, $600. 

Commissioner of Public Reports, five years, $2,000 ; 
Clerk, $600. 

Expert Printer, $900 ; appointed by the Comptroller. 

Civil Service Commissioners, four years, $2,000. Presi- 
dent, $2,500; Chief Examiner and Secretary, $4,000; As- 
sistant Secretary, $2,250; Assistant Examiner, $2,000. 

HEALTH DEPARTMENT. " 

Members, eight, four years, no salary. Director, four 
years, $4,000 ; Assistant Director and Chief of Laboratory 
of Hygiene, $3,600 ; Assistant, $2,000. 

Health Officer, Perth Amboy, $1,000 ; Assistants, $250. 



478 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 



BOARD OF TENEMENT HOUSE SUPERVISION. 

Members of Board, five years, no salary. Secretary and 
Executive Officer, $3,G00 ; Chief Inspector, $1,400; Inspect- 
ors, $1,200 each ; Architect, $1,800 ; Assistant Architect, 
$1,350; Record Clerks, $1,500 each; Chief Clerk, $1,500; 
La^^• Clerk, $1,500. 

WATER SUPPLY DISTRICTS. 

Eight members, four years, salary, $3,000. 

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

State Superintendent, five years, $2,500 ; three Assistants, 
$1,200. 

PUBLIC ROAD AND MOTOR VEHICLE DEPARTMENT? 

State Commissioner of Public Roads, three years, $5,000 ; 
State Highway Engineer, $4,000 ; four Division Engineers, 
each $2,000. 

Motor Vehicle Department — Commissioner, $1,500 ; Chief 
Inspector, $1,800 ; Deputy Chief Inspector, $1,500 ; In- 
spector, $1,350. Appointed by Secretary of State. 



SEWERAGE COMMISSION. 

Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission, five years ; salary, 
$2,500 ; Secretary-Treasurer, $2,000, paid by the Commis- 
sion, not by the State. 

HOMES, SANATORIUMS, ETC. 

Board of Managers of the Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women, six years, no salary ; Superintendent, $3,000. 

Board of Managers Home for Feeble-Minded Children, 
four years, no salary. 

State Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, Marines and 
Their Wives, five years, no salary ; Commandant, $1,500 ; 
Adjutant, $1,000. 

Soldiers' Home, Kearny, three years, no salary ; Super- 
intendent, $1,500; Surgeon, $1,500; Chaplain, $1,000; 
Adjutant, $1,000 ; Quartermaster, $1,200 ; IMatron, $500. 

Board of Managers of the New Jersey Sanatorium for 
Tuberculous Diseases, four years, no salary ; Medical 
Director, $3,600; Physician, $2,000; Secretary and Treas- 
urer, $600. 

Board of Managers Village for Epileptics, three years, no 
salary; Superintendent, $2,500; Steward, $2,000; First 
Assistant Physician, $1,500 ; Second, $1,200. 

State Firemen's Home, no salary, four years. 



SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 479 

State Board of Children's Guardians, six years, no salary ; 
General Agent, $2,200: Assistant. ?1,500. 

Trustees Home for Boys, three years, no salary ; Super- 
intendent, $2,500. 

Trustees State Home for Girls, five years, no salary ; 
Matron, $1,500; Treasurer, $500; Secretary, $200; two 
Parole Officers, $1,400. and expenses, $600. 

Commission for the Blind, three years, no salary. 

School for the Deaf, Principal, $2,500; Steward, $1,620; 
Treasurer, $500. 

Manual Training School, Bordentown ; Principal, $2,000. 

AGRICULTURE. FISH AND GAME, ETC. 

Board of Visitors to State Agricultural College, two years, 
no salary. 

Secretary State Board of Agriculture, $5,000; Chief Bu- 
reau of Statistics and Inspection, $2,500 ; Chief Bureau of 
Land Crops and Markets. $2.500 ; Live Stock Commissioner, 
$2,000; Chief Inspector.' $2,400. 

Director Agricultural Experiment Station, $4,000. 

Fish and Game Commissioners, four years, no salary ; 
Secretary, $1,800; Protector, $i,800 ; Assistant Protector, 
$1,200; Fish Wardens, each $900. 

Commissioners of Palisades Interstate Park, five years, no 
salary. 

Live Stock Commission, three years, $15 per diem actual 
service ; Secretary and Executive Officer, $2,000, 

MEDICAL, DENTISTRY, ETC. 

Board of Medical Examiners, three years, no salary. 

Board of Pharmacy, five years, $5 a day and expenses. 

Board of Dentistry, five years, no salary. 

Optometry Board, no salary, three years. 

Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, thrc3 years, no 
salary. 

Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, three years, no 
salary. 

State Board of Examiners of Nurses, three years, $5 a 
day and expenses. 

MISCELLANEOUS BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS. 

Teachers' Retirement Fund members, four years. Secre- 
tary, $1,500. 

Commission to Promote Uniformity In Legislation in 
United States, three years, no salary. 

Curator State Museum, $1,500. 

Commissioners of Pilotage, three years, fees. 



480 SALARIES AND TERMS OF OFFICE. 

State Board of Architects, two years, no salary ; Secre- 
tary, .$1,500. 

Old Age Insurance-Pension Commission, five years, no 
salary. Secretary, $850. 

Economy and Efficiency, Clerk, $1,800. 

Inheritance Tax Supervisors, appointed by State Comp- 
troller. State Supervisor, $3,500 ; District Supervisors, 
Essex and Hudson, $3,000 each; Bergen, $1,200; Camden 
and Union, $1,200 each ; Passaic, Mercer, Union, Middle- 
sex and Monmouth, $1,000 each ; other districts, $300 to 
$600. 

Board of Public Accountants, three years, $5 a day for 
actual service. 

Valley Forge Commissioners, five years. 

Commission for the Blind, three years, no salary. 

MEMBERS AND OFFICERS OP THE LEGISLATURE. 

State Senators, three years, and Members of the Assembly, 
one year, $500. 

Senate Officers — President, $666.66 ; President's Private 
Secretary, $600; Chaplain, $300; Secretary, $1,500; As- 
sistant Secretary, $1,200 ; Supervisor of Bills, $1,200 ; As- 
sistant Supervisor of Bills, $600 ; Second Assistant Super- 
visor of Bills, $500 ; Journal Clerk, $1,000 ; Assistant 
Journal Clerk. $500; Second Assistant Journal Clerk, $400; 
Calendar Clerk, $500; Bill Clerk and Assistant, each $500; 
Sergeant-at-Arms, $700 ; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, $500 ; 
C/erk to Committee on Printed Bills, $500 ; Clerk to Com- 
mittee on Appropriations, $500 ; Secretary to Committee on 
Appropriations, $500 ; Clerk to Committee on Stationery and 
Incidentals, $200; four Stenographers, each $500; five 
Doorkeepers, each $350 ; four Clerks to Committees, each 
$350; three Gallery Keepers, each $350; four File Clerks, 
each $350 ; six Pages, each $200. 

House of Assembly Officers — Speaker, $666.66 ; Speaker's 
Private Secretary, $600 ; Assistant Secretary, $500 ; Clerk, 
$1,500; Assistant Clerk, $1,200; Assistant to Clerk, $350; 
Supervisor of Bills, $1,300; three Assistants, $600 each; 
Journal Clerk. $1.000 ; two Assistant Journal Clerks, 
each $500 ; Sergeant-at-Arms, $700 ; two Assistant 
Sergeant-at-Arms, each $500 ; twelve Doorkeepers, each 
$350 ; ten Pages, each $200 ; Clerk to Committee on 
Printed Bills, $500; Bill Clerk and Assistant. $500 each; 
eight Clerks to Committees, each $350 ; three Stenographers, 
each $500 ; Clerk to the Majority Leader and Clerk to the 
Minority Leader, each $500; fifteen File Clerks, each $300. 

Legislative Reference Bureau, Appropriation, $1,000. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 481 



COUNTY DIRECTORY, 



County Officers, With the Date of the Expiration of 
Their Term of Office, Time of Holding Courts, &c. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 
County Seat — Mays Landing. Population, 1,359. 

Sberifif— Joseph R. Bartlett, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — Richard Bew, Charles Cunningham, 1917 ; 
Henry C. Monroe. 1018. 

County Clerk — Edwin A. Parker, 1918. 

Surrogate — David V. Bell, 1917. 

County Collector — E. L. Johnson, Atlantic City. 

Circuit Justice— Charles C. Black, 1922. 

County Judge — Clifton C. Shinn, 1918. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Charles S. Moore. 1918. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — William Elmer Brown, 
Jr. 

County Lunatic Asylum — Dr. H. C. Monro, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Wilson Senseman. 

County Board of Elections — Charles Slack (1917), 
Charles I. LafiEerty (1918). Dems. ; William H. Howenstein 
(1918), Harry Jenkins (1917), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in January, May and 
Octoher. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 
County Seat — Hackensack. Population, 15,856. 

Sheriff— John W. Courter, Rep., 1919. 

Coroners — Edson S. Shorter, 1917 ; Ralph D. Denig, 1919 ; 
Thomas Wehb. 1919. 

County Clerk — George Van Buskirk, 1920. 

Surrogate — Robert A. Sibbald, 1918. 

County Collector — William A. Linn, Hackensack. 

Circuit Justice — Charles W. Parker, 1921. 

County Judge — William M. Seufert, 1918. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Thomas J Huckin, 1920. 

Assistant Prosecutor — Arthur M. Agnew. 

Jury Commissioner — Robert N. Heath. 

County Board of Elections — Ackerman Hawley (1917), 
William A. Whitehead (1918). Dems.; Alfred H. Hale 
(1918), George Van Gelder (1917), Reps. 

Terms of Court — April, first Tuesday ; September, second 
Tuesday ; and December, second Tuesday. 
31 



482 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 
County Seat — Mount Holly. I'opulation, J3,Go7. 

SherifiE — William T. Steelier. Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — John C. Belton, Samuel K. Gaskill, 1918 ; 
Barclay Seeds, 1917. 

County Clerk — Harry L. Knight, 1919. 

Surrof,'ate — Charles A. Kigg. 1021. 

Auditor — Stuart M. :MacFariand. 1017. 

County Collector — Warren C. Pine, River"?ide. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch. 1918. 

County Judge — William D Lippincott, 1919. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Jonathan H. Kelsey, 1920. 

County Lunatic Asylum — C. C. Deacon, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Andrew J. Jordan. 

County Board of Elections— Henry H. Savage (1917), 
Joseph R. Sisson (1918). Deme. ; Newton Morton (1918), 

Coroner — Frank B. Cook. 1017. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in October, fourth Tuesday in December. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

County Seat — Camden. I'opulation, 102,215. 

Sherifif — Joshua C. Haines, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — Frank B. Cook, 1917 ; William H. Pratt, David 
S. Rhone, 1919. 

County Clerk — Frank F. Patterson, Jr., 1921. 

Register of Deeds — Edward W. Delacroix, 1920. 

Surrogate — Harry Reeves, 1917. 

County Collector — John W. Sell, Camden. 

Circuit Justice — Charles G. Garrison, 1923. 

County Judge — William T. Boyle, 1917. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — William J. Kraft, 1918 ; As- 
sistant, Wellington B. Butler. 

County Lunatic Asylum — James A. Starkey, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — James F. Lennon. 

County Board of Elections— Walter J. Farrell (1918), 
George Kleinheiuze (1917). Dems. ; John S. Broome (1917), 
William H. Harrison (1018). Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday, April ; second Tuesday 
September and December. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

County Seat — Cape May Court House. Population, 1,200. 

Sheriff— Robert S. Miller, Rep., 1010. 

Coroners — Benjamin C. IngersoU, 1917 ; Wilson A. Lake, 
1918 ; Samuel N. Hoffman. 1919. 

County Clerk — A. Carlton Hildreth, 1920. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 483 

Surrogate — Edward L. Rice. 1917. 

County Collector — Joseph I. Scull, Ocean City. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C. Black, 1922. 

County Judge — Henry H. Eldridge. 1921. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — James R. Carrow, ad in. 

Jury Commissioner — Harry Hebenthal. 

County Board of Elections — Levi Diciiinson (1918). Alfred 
Hand (1917). Dems. ; Walter J. Rutherford (1917), John 
Stratton (1918), Reps. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

County Seat — Bridgeton. Population, 13,611. 

Sheriff — Charles V. Marshall, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — Kenneth B. Carll, 1917 ; J. AUinson Kreese, 
1918 : Ralph R. Charlesworth. 1919. 

County Clerk — Leonidas H.Hogate, 1919. 

Surrogate — Frank P. Wallace, 1918. 

County Collector — E. P. Bacon, Bridgeton. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C. Black, 1922. 

County Judge — Leroy N. Loder, 1919. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Edwin F. Miller, 1919. 

County Lunatic Asylum — David Elwell, Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Samuel B. Dunham. 

County Board of Elections — John Ogden (1917). Eugene 
Kyte (1917), Dems.; Ferdinand R. Jones (1917), Frank 
S. McKee, Jr. (1917). Reps. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

County Seat — Newark. Population, 366,721. 

Sheriff— Ralph B. Schmidt, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — Hugo Barth, Arthur F. Gallagher, Alfred A. 
Tvoeb, all 1917. 

County Clerk — Joseph McDonough. 1917. 

Surrogate — Frederick G. Stickel, Jr., 1919. 

County Collector — Richard W. Booth, Newark. 

County Supervisor — Lewis G. Bowden. 

Register of Deeds — Walter A. Evans, 1920. 

Circuit Justice — Chief Justice William S. Gummere, 1922. 

County Judges — William P. Martin, 1921 ; Harry Y. Os- 
borne, 1918. 

Juvenile Court Judge — Patrick J. Dolan, 1918. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Jacob L. Newman, ad in. 

First Assistant Prosecutor — Wilbur A. Mott. 

Second Assistant Prosecutor — Andrew Yan Blarcom. 

County Lunatic Asylum — Warden, Benjamin R. Bailey. 

Jury Commissioner — Edward Shickhaus. 



484 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Board of Elections — William C. McTague (1918), 
Frank Dunnion (1917), Dems. ; Andrew C. Snyder (1017), 
John II. Scott (1!)18), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April, ttiird Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

County Seat — Woodbury. Population, 5,288. 

Sheriff— Robert Mead, Rep., 1917. 

Coroners — Ralph K. Hollinshed, 1917 ; B. Frank Ogden, 
1918 ; Elwood E. Downs, 1919. 

County Clerk — James LafEerty, 1917. 

Surrogate — Harry Crist, 1919. 

County Collector — George E. Plerson, Woodbury. 

Circuit Justice — Charles G. Garrison, 1916. 

County Judge — Austin H. Swackhamer, 1917. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Daniel W. Beckley, ad in. 

Assistant Prosecutor — Daniel Webster Beckley. 

County Lunatic Asylum — Joseph Ridgeway, Steward. 

Jury Commissioner — Harry W. Cohill. 

County Board of Elections — John Hobday (1917), Samuel 
E. Tomlinson (1918), Dems.; I. Hampton Williams (1918), 
William H. Hoffman (1917), Reps. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in February and third 
Tuesday in May and October. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 
County Seat — Jersey City. Population, 270,903. 

Sheriff — Eugene F. Kinkead, Dem., 1917. 

Coroners — John J. O'Neill, 1917 ; John V. Bandel, Charles 
Hoffman, 1918. 

County Clerk— John J. McGovern, 1920. 

Surrogate — James F. Norton, 1921. 

County Collector — Frederick Rider, Jersey City. 

County Supervisor — John J. Magner. 

Register of Deeds — John J. McMahon, 1920. 

Circuit Justice — Francis J. Swayze, 1917. 

County Judges — Mark A. Sullivan, 1918 ; George G. Ten- 
nant, 19^18. 

Juvenile Court Judge — Henry W. Lange, 1918. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Robert S. Hudspeth, 1918. 

First Assistant Prosecutor — George T. Vickers. 

Second Assistant Prosecutor — James W McCarthy. 

Port Warden — Antony Capelli, 1921. 

Harbor Master — Joseph P. Ford. 

County Lunatic Asylum — George W. King. Supt. 

Jury Commissioner — Andrew J. Knox. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 485 

County Board of Elections — Percy J. Hopkins (1918), 
James M. Houghton (1917), Dems. ; James Taylor (1917), 
Fred. Al