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Full text of "A Manual of North Carolina [serial]"

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THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 

PRESENTED BY 



Miss Mary Henderson 




FOR USE ONLY IN 
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION 




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A MANUAL OF NORTH CAROLINA 



ISSUED BY THE 



NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



FOR THE USE OF 



j Members of the General Assembly 
I 



SESSION 1913 



COMPILED AND EDITED 
BY 

R. D. W. CONNOR 

SECRETARY OF THE NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL 
COMMISSION 



RALEIGH 

E. M. UZZELL a CO.. STATE PRINTERS 

1913 



CALENDAR, 1913. 







JANUARY. 






MAY. 


SEPTEMBER. 


s 


M 

'h 

13 

20 

27 


T W T 

._ 1 2 
7 8 9 
14 15 16 
21 22 23 
28 29 30 


F 

3 

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24 
31 


S 

4 
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18 
25 


S 


M 


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2 
9 

16 
23 
30 


S 

3 

10 
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24 
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S 

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14 
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28 


M T W T 

12 3 4 

8 9 10 11 

15 16 17 18 

22 23 24 25 

29 30 .. .. 


F 

5 
12 
19 
26 


S 
6 


5 
12 
19 

26 


4 
11 
18 
25 


5 

12 
19 
26 


6 7 8 
13 14 15 
20 21 22 
27 28 29 


13 
20 

27 








FEBRUARY. 


JUNE. 


OCTOBER. 










1 

8 

15 

22 


1 

8 

15 

22 

29 


2 

9 

16 

23 

30 


3 4 5 
10 11 12 
17 18 19 

24 25 26 


6 
13 
20 
27 


7 
.14 
21 

28 




1 2 


3 

10 
17 
24 
31 


4 


2 

9 

16 

23 


3 

10 
17 
24 


4 5 6 
11 12 13 
18 19 20 
25 26 27 


7 
14 
21 

28 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 7 8 9 
13 14 15 16 
20 21 22 23 
27 28 29 30 


11 
18 
25 








MARCH. 


JULY. 


NOVEMBER. 










1 

8 

15 

22 

29 


'6 
13 
20 

27 


7 

14 
21 
28 


1 2 3 

8 9 10 

15 16 17 

22 23 24 

29 30 31 


4 
11 
18 
25 


5 
12 
19 
26 








1 


2 
9 

16 
23 
30 


3 
10 
17 
24 
31 


4 5 6 
11 12 13 
18 19 20 
25 26 27 


7 

14 
21 
28 


2 
9 

16 
23 
30 


3 4 5 6 
10 11 12 13 
17 18 19 20 
24 25 26 27 


7 
14 
21 

28 


8 
15 
22 
29 














APRIL. 


AUGUST. 


DECEMBER. 




7 
14 
21 
28 


1 2 3 

8 9 10 

15 16 17 

22 23 24 

29 30 .. 


4 
11 

18 
25 


5 
12 
19 
26 








1 

8 

15 

22 

29 


2 

9 

16 

23 

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"7 
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28 


12 3 4 

8 9 10 11 

15 16 17 18 

22 23 24 25 

29 30 31 .. 


5 
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19 

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6 
13 
20 
27 


3 
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4 
11 

18 
25 


5 6 7 
12 13 14 
19 20 21 
26 27 28 


13 

20 
27 



'C 9/7^ o^r 



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PREFACE. 



This volume is issued by the North Carolina Historical Commission 
in order to furnish to the members of the General Assembly of 1913, 
in convenient form, information about the State which otherwise 
would require much investigation in many different sources. It is 
also hoped that it may prove of value and service to others who 
desire to have in succinct form such data about North Carolina. 
Similar Manuals, issued in 1903, 1905, and 1907 by the Secretary of 
State, and in 1909 and 1911 by the North Carolina Historical Com- 
mission, have proven of very general utility and interest, liequests 
for copies have come not only from all over North Carolina, but from 
most of the States of the Union, and the demand for them has been 
so great that these editions have long been exhausted, and it is now 
extremely difficult to secure a copy. 

The Historical Commission trusts that the members of the General 
Assembly of 1913 will find this volume of service to them in their 
work. 



I 



NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



J. Bryan Grimes, Chairman, Raleigh 

W. J. Peele Raleigh 

M. C. S. Noble Chapel Hill 

Thomas M. Pittman Henderson 

D. H. Hill Raleigh 

R. D. W. Connor, Secretary, Raleigh 



OFFICIAL REGISTER FOR 1913. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. 

Elijah L. Daughtridge President of the Senate Edgecombe. 

George W. Connor Speaker of the House of Representatives — Wilsoni 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

Locke Craig Governor Buncombe. 

J. Bryan Grimes Secretary of State Pitt. 

W. P. Wood Auditor Randolph. 

Benjamin R. Lacy Treasurer Wake. 

James Y. Joyner Superintendent of Public Instruction Guilford. 

T. W. BiCKETT Attorney-General Franklin. 

OFFICIALS AND EMPLO^'EES OF THE STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

DEPARTMENT OF THE EXECUTIVE. 

Locke Craig Governor Buncombe. 

John P. Kerr Private Secretary Buncombe. 

G. A. Thomason Executive Clerk Buncombe. 

council of state. 

Secretary of State, Treasurer, Auditor, Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

department of state. 

J. Bryan Grimes Secretary of State Pitt. 

George W. Norwood Grant Clerk .Wake. 

William S. Wilson Corporation Clerk Caswell. 

J. E. Sawyer Clerk Wake. 

Miss Minnie Bagwell .Stenographer Wake. 

Edmund B. Norvell ..Enrolling Clerk ...Cherokee. 

department of the state auditor. 

W. P. Wood Auditor Randolph. 

EvEHARD H. Bakeh Chief Clerk Franklin. 

Baxter Durham Tax Clerk Wake. 

Mrs. Fannie W. Smith Pension Clerk and Stenographer Wake. 

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY. 

Benjamin R. Lacy Treasurer Wake. 

W. F. Moody Chief Clerk Mecklenburg. 

A. H. Arrington Teller Nash. 

W. W. Newman Institution Clerk Wake. 

Miss Eva Warters Stenographer Lenoir. 

department of education. 

James Y. Joyner Superintendent of Public Instruction Guilford. 

E.E. S.\M8 Chief Clerk Madison. 

A. S. Brower Clerk of Loan Fund., Cabarrus. 

T » T> fSupt. of Teacher-training and Croatan and\a.„„,„ 

J. A. Bivins [ (V^iored Normal Schools. jStanly. 

N. W. Walker State Inspector Public High Schools Orange. 

L. C. Brogden State Supervisor Elementary Schools Wayne. 

I. O. ScH.vuB Agent for Agricultural Extension Stokes. 

Mrs. Hattie S. Gay Stenographer Wayne. 



6 Official Register, 1913. 

State Board of Education. — Governor, President; Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
Secretary; Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Attorney-General. 

State Board of Examiners. — James Y. Joyner, Chairman ex officio; E. E. Sams, Secretary; 
H. E. Ai'STiN, N. VV. Walker, W. A. Graham, Zebulon V. Judd. 

ADJUTANT general's DEPARTMENT. 

Laurence W. Young Adjutant General Buncombe. 

Gordon Smith Assi.stant Adjutant General Wake. 

Capt. Russell C. Langdon Inspector-Instructor U. S. A. 

DEP.4.RTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

T. W. BiCKETT Attorney-General Franklin . 

T. H. Calvert Assistant Attorney-General Wake. 

Miss Sarah Burkhead Stenographer Columbus. 

corporation commission. 

E. L. Travis Chairman.. Halifax. 

William T. Lee Commissioner Haywood. 

George P. Pell Commissioner Forsyth. 

A.J. Maxwell Chief Clerk Craven. 

Miss E. G. Riddick .Assistant Clerk Gates. 

J. S. Griffin Assistant Clerk Guilford. 

Miss Meta Adams Assistant Clerk .Haywood. 

S. A. Hubbard ..Bank Examiner Rockingham. 

L. E. Covington Assistant Bank Examiner Scotland. 

department of labor and printing. 

M. L. Shipman. Commissioner Henderson. 

George B. Justice Assistant Commissioner Mecklenburg. 

Miss Daisy Thompson Stenographer _ Wake. 

E. M. Uzzell & Co 1 

Edwards & Broughton ^State Printers Wake. 

Printing Company J 

state board of agriculture. 

W. A. Graham Commissioner, ex officio Chairman Lincoln. 

H. C. Carter First District. .- ...Hyde. 

K. W. Barnes Second District Wilson. 

R. L. WoODARD Third District Pamlico. 

I. H. Kearney Fourth District Franklin. 

R. W. ScoTT... Fifth District .Alamance. 

A. T. McCallum Sixth District Robeson. 

J. P. McRae Seventh Di-strict Scotland. 

William Bledsoe Eighth District. Ashe. 

W. J. Shuford Ninth District ." Catawba. 

A. Cannon Tenth District Henderson. 

Officers and Staff. 

W. A. Graham Commissioner. 

Elias Carr --- Secretary. 

D. G. Conn.. Stamp Clerk. 

Miss B. W. Pescud Bookkeeper. 

B. W. Kilgore State Chemist, Director Test Farms. 

Franklin Sherman, Jr Entomologist. 

W.N. HuTT Horticulturist. 

H. H. Brimley Naturalist and Curator. 

T. W. Adickes .\.ssistant Curator 

T. B. Parker ..Farmers' Institutes. 

W. M . Allen Food Chemist. 

W. G. Chrisman Veterinarian. 

Mlss O. I. Tillman Botanist. 



Official Register, 1913. 7 

J. K. Plummer Assistant Chemist. 

VV. G. Haywood Fertilizer Chemist. 

G. M. MacNider Feed Chemist and Microscopist. 

L. L. Brinkley Assistant Chemist. 

S. C. Clapp Nursery and Orchard Inspector. 

S. B. Shaw Assistant Horticulturist. 

J. M. Gray Assistant Director, Farmers' Institutes. 

O. M. Clark Assistant Horticulturist. 

C. L. Metcalf Assistant Entomologist. 

W. H. Eaton Dairyman. 

J. L. Burgess Agronomist. 

G. M. Garren Assistant Agronomist. 

E. L. WoRTHEN Soil Investigations. 

J. Q. Jackson Assistant ChemLst. 

S. O. Perkins Assistant Chemist. 

E. W. Thornton Assistant Chemist. 

C. E. Bell Assistant Chemist. 

A. M. Flanery Second Assistant Dairyman. 

B. B. Flowe Second Assistant Veterinarian. 

F. S. PucKETT Assistant to Director Test Farms. 

Mlss S. D. Allen Assistant Botanist. 

W. E. Hearn* Soil Survey. 

C. R. HuDSONt Demonstrator. 



R. VV. ScoTT, Jr Supt. Edgecombe Test Farm .Rocky Mount. 

F. T. Meacham ---Supt. Iredell Test Farm Statesville. 

John H. Jefferies Supt. Pender Test Farm Willard. 

R. W. COLLETT jSupt^ Tjansylvaniaand Buncombe Test jg^,^^^^^^^ 

department of insurance. 

James R. Young Commissioner V^ance. 

S. W. Wade Deputy Carteret. 

S. F. Campbell Chief Clerk Harnett. 

C. H. Smith-- Deputy and Actuary Wake. 

W. A. Scott Deputy Guilford. 

A. H. Yerby License Clerk Wake. 

Miss Eva B. Powell Bookkeeper Wake. 

Miss Ida Montgomery Cashier and Stenographer Warren. 

historical commission. 

J. Bryan Grimes Chairman --Pitt. 

W. J. Peele Commissioner _ Wake. 

Thomas M. Pittman Commissioner Vance. 

M. C. S. Noble Commissioner Orange. 

D. H. Hill Commi.ssioner Wake. 

R. D. W. Connor Secretary Wake. 

state libr.yry commission. 

Louis R. Wilson Orange. 

Charles Lee Smith Wake. 

James Y. Joyner Guilford. 

Miles O. Sherrill.-. ---Catawba. 

Mrs. Sol. Weil 1 , Wayne. 

Miss Minnie W. Leatherman, Secretary, Raleigh. 



•Assigned by the Bureau of Soils, United States Department of Agriculture. 
fAssigned by the United States Department of Agriculture. 



8 Official Register, 1913. 

BOARD OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS. 

Governor, Secretary of State, State Treasurer, Attorney-General. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

C. C. Cherry Superintendent Edgecombe. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

Miles O. Sherrill Librarian Catawba 

Miss Carrie E. Broughton Assistant Librarian -"."."^VVake 

TRUSTEES OF STATE LIBRART. 

Governor, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Secretary of State. 

purchasing committee. 

Miles O. Sherrill, Walter Clark, James Y. Joyner, Daniel H. Hill. 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT. 

JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

Walter Clark ..Chief Justice Raleigh Wake 

Platt D. Walker Associate Justice Charlotte. .".""" "Mecklenburg 

George H. Brown Associate Justice Washington... Beaufort 

William A. Hoke Associate Justice Lincolnton "...y Lincoln 

W. R. Allen .Associate Justice Goldsboro I.IIIWayne. 

OFFICIALS OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

J. L. Seawell Clerk Raleigh Wake. 

Robert H. Bradley Marshal and Librarian Raleigh Wake 

Robert C. Strong Reporter Raleigh.. -...Wake. 

JUDGES OF the SUPERIOR COURTS. 

Stephen C. Bragaw Washington . Beaufort 

?T°?,?^,T,^-^^^''^^^ Jackson "I- "r.y -Northampton. 

H. W. Whedbee Greenville Pitt. 

Charles M. Cooke Louisburg ^^^llFranklin. 

Oliver H. Allen Kmston .^11^ Lenoir 

Frank A. Daniels Goldsboro "I "I Wayne 

Ch-Itham Calhoun Lyon Elizabethtown .^I" Bladen. 

W. J. Adams Carthage "."^ Moore 

Howard A. Foushee Durham .' Durham 

Benjamin F. Long Statesville Iredell 

Henry P. Lane Reidsville "^^Rockingham. 

James L. Webb Shelby Cleveland 

Edward B. Cline Hickory Il'Catawba. ' 

M. H. Justice Rutherfordton Rutherford. 

Frank Carter Asheville Buncombe 

Garland S. Ferguson Waynesville ^^Haywood. 

solicitors. 

J. C. B. Ehringh.^us Elizabeth City Pasquotank. 

John H. Kerr Warrenton Warren 

C. L. Abernethy Beaufort Carteret. 

R. G. Allsbeook Tarboro .-Edgeconibe. 



Official Register, 1913. 9 

Henry E. Shaw Kinston Lenoir. 

Herbert E. Norris Raleigh Wake. 

N. A. Sinclair Fayetteville Cumberland 

A. M. Stack Monroe Union. 

S. M. Gattis Hillsboro Orange. 

W. C. H.AMMER Asheboro Randolph. 

S. P. Gr.wes Mount Airy Surry. 

G. W. Wilson Gastonia Gaston. 

Frank A. Linney Boone Watauga. 

A. H. Johnston Marion McDowell. 

R. R. Reynolds Asheville Buncombe. 

F. E. Alley Webster Jackson. 

SALARIES OF THE STATE OFFICERS. 

Governor $5,000 

Secretary of State 3,500 

State Auditor 3,000 

State Treasurer 3,500 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 3,000 

Attorney-General 3,000 

Insurance Commissioner.. 3,500 

Corporation Commissioners 3,000 

Commissioner of Agriculture 3,250 

Commissioner of Labor and Printing 2,400 

SALARIES OF THE JUDGES. 

Judges of the Supreme Court $4,650 

Judges of the Superior Court (including S750 for traveling and other neces- 
sary expenses incident to rotation) 4,000 



PART I. 



THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. 



1. Officers and Members of the Senate, 

2. Rules of the Senate. 

3. Standing Committees of the Senate. 

■i. Officers and Members of the House of 

Representatives. 

5. Rules of the House of Representatives. 

6. Standing Comjsiittees of the House of 

Representatives. 



SENATE. 



OFFICERS. 

Elijah L. Daughtridge President Edgecombe. 

H. N. Pharr President pro tern Mecklenburg. 

R. Ottis Self Principal Clerk Jackson. 

R. M. Phillips Reading Clerk Guilford. 

W. E. Hooks Engrossing Clerk Wayne. 

W. G. Hall Serge an t-at- Arms Cumberland. 

G. W. Huntley Asst. Sergean t-at- Arms Anson. 



SENATORS, 1913. 

First District— T>. C. Barnes (D.), Murfreesboro ; W. T. Woodley 
(D.), Tyner. 

Second District — George J. Studdert (D.), Washington; H. W. 
Stubbs (D.), Williamston. 

Third District— C. G. Peebles (D.), Jackson. 

Fourth District— W. E. Daniel (D.), Weldon ; H. A. Gilliam (D.), 
Tarboro. 

Fifth District— W. F. Evans (D.), Greenville. 

Sixth District— T. T. Thorne (D.), Rocky Mount; Tbomas M. 
Washington (D.), Wilson. 

Seventh District — A. D. Ward (D.), New Bern; M. Leslie Davis 
(D.), Beaufort. 

Eighth District — J. T. Hooks (D.), Fremont. 

Ninth District — E. A. Hawes (D. ), Atkinson. 

Tenth District — Marsden Bellamy (D.), Wilmington. 

Eleventh District — Dr. L. B. Evans (D.), Clarkton. 

Twelfth District — George B. McLeod (D.), Lumbertou. 

Thirteenth District — Q. K. Nlmocks (D.), Fayettevllle. 

Fourteenth District — O. A. Barbour (D.), Benson; George L. Peter- 
son (D.), Clinton. 

Fifteenth District— Z. C. Little (D.), Raleigh. 

Sixteenth District — James H. Bridgers (D.), Henderson. 



14 LiiGisLATivE Department. 

Seventeenth District — J. A. Long (D.), Roxboro. 

Eighteenth District — V. S. Bryant (D.), Durham; J. L. Scott, Jr. 
(D.), Graham. 

Nineteenth District — A. D. Ivie (D.). Leaksville. 

Txoentieth District — F. P. Ilobgood. Jr. ( D. ) , Greensboro. 

Twenty-first District — W. L. Parsons (D.), Rockingham; Hector 
McLean (D.), Laurinburg. 

Twenty-second District — W. H. Watkins (D.), Ramseur. 

Ticenty-third District— R. E. Little (D.), Wadesboro ; W. PI. Phil- 
lips (D. ), Lexington. 

Ticenty-fourth District — .L P. Cooke (D.), Concord; H. N. Pharr 
(D.), Charlotte. 

Tvcenty- fifth District— Thomas D. Brown (D.), Salisbury, R.F.D. 

Tiventy-sixth District — E. B. Jones (D.), Winston. 

Twenty-seventh District — John W. Hall (R.), Danbury. 

Tivcnty-eiglith District— A. T. Grant, Jr. (R.). Mocksville. 

Tivcnty-ninth District — A. D. Watts (D.), Statesville. 

Thirtieth District— W. B. Council (D.), Hickory. 

Thirty-first District — O. F. Mason (D.), Gastonia, 

Thirty-second District — James M. Carson (D.), Rutherfordtou ; T. 
B. Allen (D.), Fletchers, R.F.D. 

Thirty-third District — Lawrence Wakefield (D. ), Lenoir; Abner C. 
Payne (D.), Taylorsville. 

Thirty-fourth District— E. S. Coffey (D.), Boone. 

Thirty-fifth District— Chavles B. Mashburn (R.) Marshall. 

Thirty-sixth District — Zebulon Weaver (D.), Asheville. 

Thirty-seventh Dis^ric^— William J. Hannah (D.), Waynesville. 

Thirty-eighth District — S. W. Lovingood (D.), Murphy. 



SENATORIAL DISTRICTS. 

First District — Perquimans, Currituck. Chowan. Gates. Pasquo- 
tank, Camden, and Hertford shall elect two Senators. 

Second District — Martin, Washington. Tyrrell, Dare. Beaufort. 
Hyde, and Pamlico shall elect two Senators. 

Third District — Northampton and Bertie shall elect one Senator. 



Senatorial Districts. 15 

Fourth. District — Halifax aud Edgecombe shall elect two Senators. 

Fifth District — Pitt shall elect one Senator. 

Sixth District — Franklin, Nash, and Wilson shall elect two Sena- 
tors. ' 

Seventh District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Lenoir, and Ons- 
low shall elect two Senators. 

Eighth District — Wayne shall elect one Senator. 

Ninth District — Duplin and Pender shall elect one Senator. 

Tenth District — New TIan(iver and P.runswick shall elect one Sen- 
ator. 

Eleventh District — Bladen and Colunilms shall elect one Senator. 

Twelfth District — Robeson shall elect one Senator. 

Thirteenth District — Cumberland and Hoke shall elect one Senator. 

Fourteenth District — Harnett. Johnston. Lee. and Sampson shall 
elect two Senators. 

Fifteenth District — Wake shall elect one Senator. 

Sixteenth District — Vance and Warren shall elect one Senator. 

Seventeenth District — Granville and Person shall elect one Sena- 
tor. 

Eighteenth Distriet — -Caswell, Alamance. Orange, and Durham shall 
elect two Senators. 

Nineteenth District — Rockingham shall elect one Senator. 

Twentieth District — Guilford shall elect one Senator. 

Twenty-first District — Chatham, ^Nloore, Richmond, and Scotland 
shall elect two Senators. 

Twentg-sccond District — Montgomery and Randolph shall elect one 
Senator. 

Twenty-third District — Anson. Davidson, Stanly, and Union shall 
elect two Senators. 

Twenty-fourth District — Cabarrus and Mecklenburg shall elect two 
Senators. 

Twenty-fifth District — Rowan shall elect one Senator. 

Tiventy-sixth District — Forsyth shall elect one Senator, 

Twenty-seventh District — Stokes and Surry shall elect one Senator. 

Twenty-eighth District — Davie, Wilkes, and Yadkin shall elect one 
Senator. 

Tu-enty-ninth District — Iredell shall elect one Senator. 

Thirtieth District — Catawba and Lincoln shall elect one Senator. 



16 Legislative Depaetment. 

Thh-ty- first District — Gaston shall elect one Senator. 

Thirty-second District — Cleveland, Henderson, Polk, and Ruther- 
ford shall elect two Senators. 

TMrtp-third District— Alexanaev, Burke, Caldwell, and McDowell 
shall elect two Senators. 

Thirty- fourth District — Alleghany, Ashe, and Watauga shall elect 
one Senator. 

Thirty-fifth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell, and Yancey shall 
elect one Senator. 

Thirty-sixth District — Buncombe shall elect one Senator. 

Thirty-seventh District — Haywood, Jackson, Transylvania, and 
Swain shall elect one Senator. 

Thirty-eighth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, and Macon shall 
elect one Senator. 



SENATE RULES. 

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

1. The President having taken the chair at the hour to which the 
Senate shall have adjourned, and a quorum being present, the Journal 
of the preceding day shall be read, unless otherwise ordei-ed by the 
Senate, to the end that any mistake may be corrected. 

2. After reading and approval of the Journal, the order of business 
shall be as follows : 

(1) Reports of Standing Committees. 

(2) Reports of Select Committees. 

(3) Announcement of Petitions, Bills and Resolutions. 

(4) Unfinished Business of preceding day. 

(5) Special Orders. 

(6) General Orders: First, bills and resolutions on third reading; 
second, bills and resolutions on second reading ; but messages from 
the Governor and House of Representatives, and communications and 
reports from State officers, and reports from the Committees on En- 
grossed Bills and Enrolled Bills may be received and acted on under 
any order of business. 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 

3. He shall take the chair promptly at the appointed time and pro- 
ceed with the business of the Senate according to the rules adopted. 



Senate Rules. 17 

At any time during the absence of the President, the President pro 
tempore, who shall be elected, shall preside, and he is hereby vested, 
during such time, with all powers of the President, except that of 
giving a casting vote in case of a tie, when he shall have voted as a 
Senator. 

4. He shall assign to Doorkeepers their respective duties and sta- 
tions, and shall appoint such pages and laborers as may be author- 
ized by the Senate, each of whom shall receive the same compensa- 
tion as is now provided by law. 

OF THE CLEEK. 

5. The President and Clerk of the Senate shall see that all bills 
shall be acted upon by the Senate in the order in which they stand 
upon the Calendar, unless otherwise ordered, as hereinafter provided. 
The Calendar shall include the numbers and titles of bills and joint 
resolutions which have passed the House of Representatives and have 
been received by the Senate for concurrence. 

6. The Clerk shall certify the passage of bills by the Senate, with 
the date thereof, together with the fact whether passed by a vote of 
three-fifths or two-thirds of the Senate, whenever such vote may be 
required by the Constitution and laws of the State. 

ON THE BIGHTS AND DUTIES OF SENATORS. 

7. Every Senator presenting a paper shall endorse the same; if a 
petition, memorial, or report to the General Assembly, with a brief 
statement of its subject or contents, adding his name ; if a resolution, 
with his name ; if a report of a committee, a statement of such report, 
with the name of the committee, and member making the same; if a 
bill, a statement of its title, which shall contain a brief statement of 
the subject or contents of the bill, with his name ; and all bills, reso- 
lutions, petitions and memorials shall be delivered to the Clerk and 
by him handed to the President, to be by him referred, and he shall 
announce the titles and references of the same, which shall be en- 
tered on the Journal. 

8. All motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the Presi- 
dent or any Senator, delivered at the table and read by the President 
or Clerk, before the same shall be debated ; but any such motion may 
be withdrawn by the introducer at any time before decision or 
amendment. 

2 



IS Legislati\'e Department. 

9. If any question contains several distinct propositions, it shall be 
divided by the President, at the request of any Senator : Provided, 
each subdivision, if left to itself, shall form a substantive proposition. 

10. When the President is putting a question, or a division by 
counting shall be had, no Senator shall walk out of or across the 
house, nor, when a Senator is speaking, pass between him and the 
President. 

11. Every Senator wishing to speak or debate, or to present a peti- 
tion or other paper, or to make a motion or report, shall rise from 
his seat and address the President, and shall not proceed further un- 
til recognized by him. No Senator shall speak or debate more than 
twice nor longer than thirty minutes on the same day on the same 
subject without leave of the Senate, and when two or more Senators 
rise at once the President shall name the Senator who is first to 
speak. 

12. Every Senator who shall be within the bar of the Senate when 
the question is stated by the Chair shall vote thereon, unless he shall 
be excused by the Senate, or unless he be directly interested in the 
question ; and the bar of the Senate shall include the entire Senate 
Chamber. 

13. When a motion to adjourn, or for recess, shall be affirmatively 
determined, no member or officer shall leave his place until adjourn- 
ment or recess shall be declared by the President. 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

14. The following-named committees shall be appointed by the Lieu- 
tenant Governor : 

On Agriculture. 

•On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Currency. 

On Claims. 

On Commerce. 

On Congressional Apportionment. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporation Commission. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities and Towns. 

On Distribution of Governor's Message. 

On Education. 



Senate Rules. 19 



On Election Law. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Federal Relations. 

On Finance. 

On Fish and Fisheries. 

On Game Law. 

On Immigration. 

On Insane Asylums. 

On Institutions for the Blind. 

On Institutions for the Deaf. 

On Insurance. 

On Internal Improvements. 

On Journal. 

On Judicial Districts. 

On Judiciary, No. 1. 

On Judiciary, No. 2. 

On Manufacturing. 

On ]\Iilitary Affairs. 

On Mining. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Pensions and Soldiers' Home. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Health. 

On Public Roads. 

On Railroads. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senate Expenditures. 

On Shellfish. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

15. On Enrolled Bills. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Library. 

On Printing. 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Trustees of University. 

On Revisal. 



20 Legislatiat: Department. 

IG. The Committee on Engrossed Bills shall examine all bills, 
amendments and resolutions before they go out of the possession of 
the Senate, and make a report when they find them correctly en- 
grossed : Provided, that when a bill is typewritten, and has no inter- 
lineations therein, and has passed the Senate without amendment, it 
shall be sent to the House without engrossment, unless otherwise or- 
dered. 

17. The Committee on Appropriations shall carefully examine all 
bills and resolutions appropriating or paying any moneys out of the 
State Treasury, keep an accurate record of the same and report to 
the Senate from time to time. 

18. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution which 
shall not be considered at the time of making the same, or laid on the 
table by a vote of the Senate, shall stand upon the General Orders 
with the bill or resolution ; and the report of the committee shall 
show that a majority of the committee were present and voted. 

19. That no committee shall be composed of more than nine mem- 
bers, unless the Lieutenant Governor shall, without objection from 
the Senate, appoint a greater number on any committee. 

ON GENERAL ORDERS AND SPECIAL ORDERS. 

20. Any bill or other matter may be made a Special Order for a 
particular day or hour by a vote of a majority of the Senators vot- 
ing, and if it shall not be completed on that day it shall be returned 
to its place on the Calendar, unless it shall be made a Special Order 
for another day ; and when a Special Order is under consideration it 
shall take precedence of any Special Order or a subsequent order for 
the day, but such subsequent order may be taken up immediately after 
the previous Special Order has been disposed of. 

21. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its being 
passed, and the President shall give notice at each whether it be the 
first, second, or third. After the first reading, unless a motion shall 
be made by some Senator, it shall be the duty of the President to re- 
fer the subject-matter to an appropriate committee. No bill shall be 
amended until it shall have been twice read. 

PROCEEDINGS WHEN THERE IS NOT A QUORUM VOTING. 

22. If, on taking the question on a bill, it shall appear that a con- 
stitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill require a vote of a 



Senate Rules. 21 

certain proportion of all the Senators to pass it, and it appears that 
such a number is not present, the bill shall be again read and the 
question taken thereon ; if the bill fail a second time for the want of 
the necessary number being present and voting, the bill shall not be 
finally lost, but shall be returned to the Calendar in its proper order. 

precedence of motions. 

23. When a question is before the Senate, no motion shall be re- 
ceived except those herein si^ecified, which motions shall have pre- 
cedence as follows, viz. : 

(1) For an adjournment. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 

(7) To commit to a select committee. 

(8) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. 

24. The previous question shall be as follows : "Shall the main 
question be put?" and, until it is decided, shall preclude all amend- 
ments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the affirmative, 
the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill, resolution or 
other matter under consideration; but when amendments are pend- 
ing, the question shall be taken up on such amendments, in their 
order, without further debate or amendment. However, any Senator 
may move the previous question and may restrict the same to an 
amendment or other matter then under discussion. If such question 
be decided in the negative, the main question shall be considered as 
remaining under debate. 

25. When the motion for the previous question is made, and pend- 
ing the second thereto by a majority, debate shall cease, and only a 
motion to adjourn or lay on the table shall be in order, which motions 
shall be put as follows : Previous question ; adjourn ; lay on the 
table. After a motion for the previous question is made, pending 
a second thereto, any member may give notice that he desires to offer 



22 Legislative Depaktment. 

an amendment to the bill or other matter under consideration ; and 
after the previous question is seconded, such member shall be entitletl 
to offer his amendment in pursuance of such notice. 

OTHER QUESTIONS TO BE TAKEN WITHOUT DEBATE. 

26. The motions to adjourn and lay on the table shall be decided 
without debate, and the motion to adjourn shall always be in order 
when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 

27. The respective motions to postpone to a certain day, or to com- 
mit, shall preclude debate on the main question. 

28. All questions relating to priority of business shall be decided 
without debate. 

29. When the reading of a paper is called for, except petitions, and 
the same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be determined by the 
Senate without debate. 

30. Any Senator requesting to be excused from voting may make, 
either immediately before or after the vote shall have been called, 
and before the result shall have been announced, a brief statement 
of the reasons for making such request, and the question shall then 
be taken without debate. Any Senator may explain his vote on any 
bill pending by" obtaining permission of the President before the vote 
is put : Provided, that not more than three minutes shall be con- 
sumed in such explanation. 

QUESTIONS THAT REQUIRE A TWO-THIRDS VOTE. 

31. No bill or resolution on its third reading shall be acted on out 
of the regular order in which it stands on the Calendar, and no bill 
or resolution shall be acted upon on its third reading the same day 
on which it passed its second reading, unless so ordered by two-thirds 
of the Senators present. 

32. Xo bill or resolution shall be sent from the Senate on the day 
of its passage, except on the last day of the session, unless otherwise 
ordered by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 

33. No bill or resolution, after being laid upon the table upon 
motion, shall be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of 
the Senators present. 



Senate Rules. 23 



DECOBUM IN DEBATE. 



34. No remark reflectiDg personally upon the action of any Senator 
shall be in order in debate, unless preceded by a motion or resolution 
of censure. 

85. When a Senator shall be called to order he shall take his seat 
until the President shall have determined whether he was in order or 
not ; if decided to be out of order, he shall not proceed without the 
permission of the Senate, and every question of order shall be decided 
by the President, subject to an appeal to the Senate by any Senator ; 
and if a Senator is called to order for words spoken, the words ex- 
cepted to shall be immediately taken down in writing, that the Presi- 
dent or Senate may be better enabletl to judge of the matter. 

MISCELLANEOUS BULES. 

36. When a blank is to be filled, and different sums or times shall 
be proposed, the question shall be first taken on the highest sum or 
the longest time. 

37. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall be in 
order for any Senator who shall have voted in the majority to move 
a reconsideration thereof ; but no motion for the reconsideration of 
any vote shall be in order after the bill, resolution, message, report, 
amendment or motion upon which the vote was taken shall have gone 
out of the possession of the Senate ; nor shall any motion for recon- 
sideration be in order unless made on the same day, or the next fol- 
lowing legislative day, on which the vote proposed to be reconsidered 
shall have taken place, unless the same shall be made by the Commit- 
tee on Enrolled Bills for verbal or grammatical errors in the bills, 
when the same may be made at any time. Nor shall any question be 
reconsidered more than once. 

38. All bills and resolutions shall take their place upon the Calendar 
according to their number, and shall be taken up in regular order, 
unless otherwise ordered. 

39. No smoking shall be allowed within the Senate Chamber during 
the sessions. 

40. Senators and visitors shall uncover their heads upon entering 
the Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session, and shall con- 
tinue uncovered during their continuance in the Chamber. 



24 Legislative Department. 

41. No Senator or officer of the Senate shall depart the service of 
the Senate without leave, or receive pay as a Senator or officer for 
the time he is absent without leave. 

42. No person other than the executive and judicial officers of the 
State, members and officers of the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives, unless on invitation of the President or by a vote of the Senate, 
shall be permitted within the bar. 

43. No rule of the Senate shall be altered, suspended or rescinded 
except on a two-thirds vote of the Senators present : Provided, that 
a majority of all the Senators elected may change the rules at any 
time. 

44. In case a less number than a quorum of the Senate shall con- 
vene, they are authorized to send the Doorlieeper, or any other per- 
son, for any or all absent Senators, as a majority of the Senators 
present shall determine. 

45. The ayes and noes may be called for on any question before 
the vote is taken, and if seconded by one-fifth of the Senators pres- 
ent, the question shall be decided by the ayes and noes, and the same 
shall be entered upon the Journal. 

46. When any committee shall decide that it is advisable to em- 
ploy a clerlv for such committee, the chairman of the committee 
shall first obtain the consent of the Senate for such employment, 
and if the Senate shall allow the clerli as requested, he shall be 
appointed by the Lieutenant Governor upon the recommendation 
of the committee. 

47. Every bill introduced into the Senate shall be printed or type- 
written. Amendments need not be typewritten. 

48. The Clerk of the Senate shall provide a box of sufficient size, 
with an oi:»ening through the top, for the reception of bills. Such box 
shall be kept under lock and key and shall be stationed on the Clerk's 
desk. The President of the Senate shall have in his charge and keep- 
ing the key to such box. All bills which are to be introduced into the 
Senate shall be deposited in such box before the session begins. At 
the proper time the President shall open the box and take therefrom 
the bills. Such bills shall be read by their titles, which reading shall 
constitute the first reading of the bill, and unless otherwise disposed 
of shall be referred to the proper committee. A bill may be intro- 
duced by unanimous consent at any other time during a session. 



Senate Committees. 25 

49. The Chief Engrossing Clerk of the Senate shall appoint, with 
the approval of the President of the Senate, as his assistants, not 
more than three competent stenographers and typewriters. Such 
stenographers and typewriters shall work under the direction and 
supervision of the Engrossing Clerk. They shall also make for the 
member of the Gteneral Assembly who introduces a bill, without extra 
cost, one original and two carbon copies of all bills. 

50. The Journal of the Senate shall be typewritten in duplicate, 
original and carbon, the original to be deposited in the oflace of Secre- 
tary of State as the record, and the other (carbon) copy to be deliv- 
ered to the State Printer. 

51. That in case of adjournment without any hour being named, 
the Senate shall reconvene the next legislative day at 11 o'clock a. m. 

52. All bills and resolutions reported unfavorably by the commit- 
tee to which they were referred, and having no minority report, 
shall lie upon the table, but may be taken from the table and placed 
upon the Calendar at the request of any Senator. 

53. When a bill is materially modified or the scope of its applica- 
tion extended or decreased, or if the county or counties to which it 
applies be changed, the title of the bill shall be changed by the Sena- 
tor introducing the bill or by the committee having it in charge, or 
by the Engrossing Clerk, so as to indicate the full purport of the 
bill as amended and the county or counties to which it applies. 



SENATE STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Agriculture — McLean, chairman ; Washington, Hooks, McLeod, 
Brown, Studdert. Woodley, Long, Peebles, Allen, Scott, Evans of 
Bladen, Barnes, Daniel, I vie, Mashburn. 

Appropriations — Watts, chairman ; Gilliam, Ward, Coffey, Coimcil, 
Mason, Hobgood, Hannah, Little of Wake, Wakefield, Hooks, Nimocks, 
Bellamy, Carson, Long, Bryant, Cook, Thorne, Peterson, Evans of 
Pitt. Hall. 

Banking and Currency — Parsons, chairman ; Daniel, Thorne, Wash- 
ington, Davis, McLeod, Long, Little of Anson, Pharr, Jones, Payne, 
Barbour, Lovingood, Weaver, Grant, Hooks. 



26 Legislative Department. 

Claims — Payne, chairman; Woodley, Peebles, Ivie, Hawes, Allen, 
Phillips. 

Commerce — Lovlugood, cbairmau; Barnes, Studdert, Evans of Pitt, 
Scott, Watkins, Mashburn. 

Congressional Apportionment — Peebles, chairman ; Barnes, Davis, 
Little of Wake, Bryant, Nimocks, McLean, Brown, Pharr, Allen. 

Constitutional Amendments — Ivie, chairman; Bellamy, Ward. 
Stnbbs, Hobgood, Jones, Wakefield, Council, Mason, Daniel, Bryant, 
Barbour, Davis, Nimocks, Grant. 

Corporation Commission — Hobgood, chairman ; Thorne, Washing- 
ton. Ha\Yes, McLeod, Peterson, Gilliam. Bridgers, Scott, Ivie, Parsons, 
Cook. Watkins, Little of Anson, Mashburn. 

Corporations — Bryant, chairman; Weaver, Wakefield. Lovingood, 
Coffey, Jones, Parsons, Little of Anson, Hobgood, Cook, Bellamy, Gil- 
liam, Ward, Nimocks, Bridgers. 

Counties, Cities, and Towns — Bellamy, chairman ; Washington. Gil- 
liam, Daniel, Pharr, Weaver, Ivie. Nimocks, McLeod, Bridgers, Hooks, 
Watts, Carson, Payne, McLean. Barbour, Peterson, Hall. 

DistributiQii Govei-nor's Message — Allen, chairman ; Phillips, Watts, 
Little of Wake, Evans of Bladen, Peterson, Hawes. 

Education — Thorne, chairman ; Cook. Mason, Payne, Little of Wake, 
Ward, Davis, McLeod. Peterson. Bryant. Council, Coffey, Wakefield, 
Hannah, Lovingood. Phillips. Parsons. Hall. Barbour. Hobgood. 

Election Laic — Mason, chairman ; Stubbs, Hawes, Little of Wake, 
Hobgood, Jones, Peterson, McLeod. Ivie. Pharr. Watts, Coffey, 
Weaver, Peebles, Evans of Bladen. Council, Grant. 

Engrossed BilU — Hannah, chairman; Woodley, Studdert. Peebles, 
Evans of Bladen, Evans of Pitt. Hall. 

Enrolled Bills — Hannah, chairman; Hawes. Bridgers. Payne. Grant. 

Federal Relations — Bridgers, chairman; Watts, Ward, Thorne, 
Jones, Wakefield, Hooks. 

Finance — Cook, chairman; Long. Barnes, Woodley, Thorne, Wash- 
ington. Pharr, Hooks, Bellamy, Evans of Bladen, McLeod, McLean, 
Scott, Parsons. Watkins, Little of Anson, Jones, Mason, Lovingood, 
Hannah, Grant. 

Fish and' Fisheries — Gilliam, chairman ; Davis. Woodley. Studdert, 
Barnes. Stubbs, Barbour. Evans of Pitt. Peebles, Daniel, Ward, Bel- 
lamy, Nimocks. 



Senate Committees. 27 

Game Law — WoocUey, chairman; Davis, Ward, Hobgootl, Stiibbs, 
Bridgers, Barbour, Brown, Allen, Hannah, Payne, Grant. 

Immigration — Bro^Yn, chairman; Barbour, Watkins, Phillips, Cook, 
McLean, Washington. 

Insane Asylums — Wakefield, chairman; Barbour, Gilliam, Little of 
Wake, Hooks, Little of Anson, Pharr, Peterson. Weaver, Hannah, 
Bellamy, Evans of Bladen, Ivie, Brown, Masbburn. 

Institutions for the Blind — Little of Anson, chairman; Barnes, 
Studdert, Hawes, Evans of Pitt, Nlmocks, Ivie, Parsons, Little of 
Wake, Phillips, Brown, Carson. 

Institutions for the Deaf — Barnes, chairman; Scott, Payne, Davis, 
Evans of Bladen, Bridgers, Watkins, Hawes, Bryant, McLean, Jones, 
aiason, Masbburn, CofCey. 

Insurance — Pharr, chairman; Barnes, Washington, Studdert, 
Thorne, Evans of Bladen, Little of Wake, Bellamy. Parsons, Little 
of Anson, Hobgood. 

Internal Improvements — McLeod, chairman ; Mason, Daniel, Jones, 
Gilliam, Pharr. 

Journal — Evans of Pitt, chairman; Davis, Gilliam, Peebles, Brown. 

Judicial Districts — Ward, chairman; Jones, Council, Mason, Wake- 
field. Little of Anson, Pharr, Stubbs, Gilliam, Barnes, CofCey, Hob- 
good, Davis. 

Judiciary, Ko. 1 — Council, chairman ; Daniel, Pharr, Barnes, Ma- 
son, Wakefield, Ward, Ivie, Barbour, Weaver, Davis, Little of Anson, 
Payne, Hannah, Grant. 

Judiciary, No. 2 — Stubbs, chairman ; Gilliam. Thorne, Jones, Bel- 
lamy, Nlmocks, Bryant, Hobgood, Carson, Peebles, Evans of Pitt, 
Little of Wake, Bridgers, Coffey, Phillips, Masbburn, Hall. 

Justices of the Peace — Coffey, chairman; Wakefield, Watts, Scott, 
Phillips, Gilliam, Evans of Pitt. 

Legislative Apportionment — Hawes, chairman ; Thorne, Gilliam, 
Daniel, Mason, Watts, Brown. 

Library — Carson, chairman; Thorne, Barnes, Nlmocks, Bryant, 
Payne. 

Manufacturing — Long, chairman; Scott, Watkins, Parsons. Cook, 
Hooks, Ivie, Mason, Jones, McLean, Pharr. 

Military Affairs — Phillips, chairman ; Peterson, Hobgood, Weaver, 
Davis, Little of Wake, Bryant. 



28 Legislative Depaetment. 

Mining — Watkins, chairman ; Hooks, Hannah, Lovingood, Brown, 
Thorne. 

Penal Institutions — Daniel, chairman; Washington, McLeod, Ma- 
son, Carson, Jones, Hawes, Evans of Bladen, Scott, Peterson, Hall. 

Pensions and Soldiers' Home — Weaver, chairman; Long, Watkins, 
Thorne, Davis, Hooks. Little of Anson, Lovingood, Parsons. 

Printing — Carson, chairman; Davis, Little of Wake, Hawes, Grant. 

Privileges and Electio-ns — Scott, chairman ; Watts, Stubbs, Barnes, 
Weaver, Hannah, Gilliam. 

Propositions and Grievances — Nimocks, chairman ; Ward, Long, 
Bryant, Ivie, McLean, Bellamy, Coffey, Payne, Mashburn. 

Public Buildings and Grounds — Little of Wake, chairman ; Wash- 
ington, Thorne, Hooks, Weaver. 

Public Health— Kxans of Bladen, chairman ; Scott, Cook. Wake- 
field, Pharr, Phillips. 

Puhlic Roads — ^Washington, chairman; Phillips, Hooks. Coffey, 
Council, Gilliam, Bryant. Pharr, Brown, Long, Mashburn. 

Railroads — Jones, chairman; Daniel, Studdert, Evans of Pitt, 
AVashington, Ward, McLeod, Peterson, Biyant, Little of Wake, 
Weaver. 

Rules — Davis, chairman; Pharr, Council, Watts, Bryant, Weaver. 

Salaries and Fees — Barbour, chairman ; Ivie, Hooks, Parsons, Hob- 
good. 

Senate Expenditures — Peterson, chairman ; Carson, Weaver, Bel- 
lamy, Hall. 

Slicllfish — Studdert. chairman; Stubbs. Woodley, Davis, Barnes. 
Peebles, Nimocks. 

Trustees of the University — McLeod, chairman ; Barnes. Ivie, Pharr, 
Bellamy. Bryant, Cook, Evans of Bladen, Barbour, Carson, Gilliam, 
Jones, Stubbs, Mason, Hawes. 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 



OFFICERS. 



George W. Connor Speaker Wilson. 

T. G. Cobb Principal Clerk Burke. 

Alfred McLean Reading Clerk . Harnett. 

M. D. KiNSLAND Engrossing Clerk Haywood. 

J. H. MoRiNG Sergeant-at-Arms Wake. 

E. J. Jenkins Asst. Sergeant-at-Arms Granville. 



REPRESENTATIVES. 

Alamance — J. Elmer Long (D.), Graham. 
Alexander — John C. Connally (D.), Taylorsville. 
Alleghany — R. A. Doughton (D.), Sparta. 
Anson — F. E. Thonias (D.), Wadesboro. 
Aslie—T.C. Bowie (D.), Jefferson. 
Avery— R. M. :i3nrleson (P.), Elk Park. 
Beaufort — W. C. Rodman (D.), Washington. 
Bertie — John C. Britton (D.), Powellsville. 
Bladen — Angus Cromartie (D.), Garland. 
Brunswick — George H. Bellamy (D.), El Paso. 

Buncomhe — Gallatin Roberts (D.), Asheville; R. R. Williams (D.), 
Asheville. 
Burke — John M. Mull (P.), Morganton. 
Cabarrus — H. S. Williams (R.), Concord. 
Caldwell — E. D. Crisp (D.), Lenoir. 
Camden— D. H. Tillett (D.), Camden. 
Carteret — Charles S. Wallace (D.), Morehead City. 
Caswell— T. Henry Hatchett (D.), Blanch, R.F.D, 
Cataicia—W. B. Gaither (D.), Newton. 
Chatham — Fred. W. Bynum (D.), Pittsboro. 
Cherokee — A. L. Martin (R.), Murphy. 
Choican—P. H. Bell (D.), Edenton. 
Clay—U H. McClure (P.), Hayesville. 



30 Legislative Department. 

Cleveland— It. B. Miller (D.), Shelby. 

Columbus — J. R. Williamson (D.), Whiteville. 

Craven— Gilbert A. Whitford (D.), New Bern. 

Ctimbcrland — John T. Martin (D.), Fayetteville, R. 5. 

Currituck — S. J. Payne (D.), Point Harbor. 

Dare — A. H. Etheridge (D.), Manteo. 

Davidson— Ive J G. Thomas (D.), Thomasville, R. 4. 

Davie— J. L. Sheek (P.), Mocksville. 

DupUn—W. Stokes Boney (D.), Wallace. 

Durham— S. C. Brawley (D.), Durham; G. C. Stallings (D.), 
Durham. 

Edgecombe — T. F. Cherry (D.), Rocky Mount. 

Forsyth— S. J. Bennett (D.), Winston-Salem; William Porter (D.), 
Kernersville. 

Franklin — J. A. Turner (D.), Louisburg. 

Gaston — S. S. Mauney (D. ), Cherry ville; David P. Dellinger (D.), 
Gastonia. 

Gates— G. D. Gatling (D.), Roduco. 

Graham — R. L. Phillips (D.), Robbinsville. 

Granville — William A. Devin (D.), Oxford. 

Greene — L. J. H. Mewborne (D.), Snow Hill. 

Guilford — E. J. Justice (D.), Greensboro; Thomas J. Gold (D.), 
High Point; J. R. Gordon (D.), Jamestown. 

Halifax— W. T. Clements (D.), Enfield; W. P. White (D.), Hob- 
good. 

Harnett — Ernest F. Young (D.), Dunn. 

fl'ai/i{;oo(Z— David R. Noland (D.), Crabtree, R.F.D. 1. 

Henderson — John P. Patton (D.), Flat Rock. 

Hertford— :5. T. Williams (D.), Harrellsville. 

Hoke — Thomas McBryde (D.), Red Springs. 

Hyde — John M. Clayton (D.), Engelhard. 

Iredell— U. P. Grier (D.), Statesville ; Thomas N. Hall (D.), 
Mooresville. 

Jackson — M. D. Wike (D.), Cullowhee. 

Johnston— L>. H. Allred (D.), Smithfleld ; C. M. Wilson (D.), Wil- 
son Mills. 

Jones — J. K. Dixon (D.), Trenton. 

Lee — A. A. F. Seawell (D.), Jonesboro. 



Membeks of House of Repkesentatives. 



31 



Lenoir — E. R. Wooten (D.), Kinston. 

Lincoln — Robert B. Killian (D.), Lincolnton. 

Macon — J. Frank Ray (D.), Franklin. 

Madison — James E. Rector (R.), Hot Springs. 

Martin — Arclier R. Dunning (D.), Williamston. 

McDowell— P. H. Mashburn (R.), Old Fort. 

Mecklctilmrg—W. A. Grier (D.), Charlotte; W. G. McLaughlin 
(D.), Charlotte; Plummer Stewart (D.), Charlotte. 

Mitchell — M. L. Buchanan (R.), Bakersville. 

Montgomery — Barna Allen (D.), Troy. 

Moore — Henry A. Page (D.), Aberdeen. 

Nash— John L. Cornwell (D.), Middlesex; Paul R. Capelle (D.), 
Nashville. 

Neio Hanover — Woodus Kellum (D. ), Wilmington. 

Ts/orthamiitou — Joseph B. Stephenson (D.), Severn. 

Onslow — E. M. Koonce (D.), Jacksonville. 

Orange — George C. Pickard (D.), Chapel Hill. 

Pamlico — Henry L. Gibbs (D.), Oriental. 

Pasquotank— D. C. Perry (D.), Elizabeth City. 

Pewrfe/-— Joseph T. Foy (D.)-, Scott's Hill. 

Perquimans — James S. McNider (D.), Hertford. 

PersoM— Charles A. Whitfield (D.), Virgilina, Va., R.F.D. 1. 

Pitt—Bv. B. T. Cox (D.), Winterville; D. M. Clark (D.), Green- 
ville. 

Polk— 3. A. Bolick (D.), Saluda. 

Randolph — Romulus R. Ross (D.), Asheboro. 

Richmond — A. R. McPhail (D.), Rockingham. 

Robeson— B.. C. MacNair (D.), Maxton ; B. F. McMillan (D.), Red 
Springs. 

Rockingham— Wniiam I. Witty (D.), Summerfield, R.F.D. ; J. T. 
Wall (D.), Stoneville, R.F.D. 

Rowan — Walter Murphey (D.), Salisbury; P. S. Carlton (D.), 
Salisbury. 

Rutherford— O. R. Coffield (D.), Ellenboro. 

Sampson — Cyrus M. Faircloth (P.), Clinton. 

Bcotland — W. PI. Weatherspoon (D. ), Laurinburg. 

Stanly — Rufus E. Austin (D.), Albemarle. 

Stokes— B. V. Carroll (R.), Mizpah. 



32 Legislative Depabtment. 

Surry— Hufus L. Haymore (R.), Mount Airy, 

Sicain— Gala P. Ferguson (R.), Bryson City. 

Transylvania — Charles B. Deaver (R.), Brevard. 

Tyrrell—Mark Majette (D.), Columbia. 

Union— H. L. Price (D.), Monroe; J. C. Sikes (D.), Monroe. 

Fence— Isaac J. Young (D.), Henderson, R.F.D. 

Wake—E. T. Mills (D.), AiDex, R.F.D. ; M. A. Griffin (D.), Wen- 
dell; J. Wilbur Bunn (D.), Raleigh. 

Warren— F. B. Newell (D.), Warrenton. 

Washington— Charles W. Snell (R.), Mackey's Ferry. 

Watauga— John W. Hodges (R.), Boone. 

Wayne— E. A. Stevens (D.), Goldsboro ; Fred. R. Mintz (D.), Mount 
Olive. 

TFiZfces— Linville Bumgaruer (R.), Wilkesboro. 
Wilson — George W. Connor (D.), Wilson. 
Ya(77iiH— Wade Reavis (R.), Hamptonville. 
Yancey — Charles Hutchins (D.), Burnsville. 



I 



HOUSE RULES. 

TOUCHING THE DUTIES OF THE SPEAKEB. [] 

1. It Shall be the duty of the Speaker to have the sessions of this 
House opened with prayer in accordance with the order of this body. 

2. He shall take the chair every day at the hour fixed by the 
House on the preceding legislative day, shall immediately call the 
members to order, and, on appearance of a quorum, cause the Journal 
of the preceding day to be read. 

3. He shall preserve order and decorum, may speak to points of 
order, in preference to other members, rising from his seat for that 
purpose, and shall decide questions of order, subject to an appeal to 
the House by any member, on which appeal no member shall speak 
more than once, unless by leave of the House. 

4. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 

5. Questions shall be put in this form, namely: "Those in favor 
(as the question may be) will say Aye," and after the affirmative 
voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say No." Upon a call 
for a division, the Speaker shall count ; if required, he shall appoint 
tellers. 



House Rules. 33 

6. The Speaker shall have a general direction of the hall. He shall 
have a right to name any member to perform the duties of the chair, 
but substitution shall not extend beyond one day, except in case of 
sickness or by leave of the House. 

7. All committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, unless other- 
wise specially ordered by the House. 

8. In all elections the Speaker may vote. . In all other cases he may 
exercise his right to vote, or he may reserve this right until there is 
a tie, but in no case shall he be allowed to vote twice on the same 
question. 

9. All acts, addresses and resolutions shall be signed by the Speaker, 
and all warrants and subpoenas issued by order of the House shall 
be under his hand and seal, attested by the Clerk. 

10. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the galleries 
or lobby, the Speaker (or Chairman of the Committee of the Whole) 
shall have power to order the same to be cleared. 

11. No persons except members of the Senate, oiHcers and clerks of 
the two Houses of the General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and 
Superior Courts, officers of the State, persons particularly invited by 
the Speaker or some member, and such gentlemen as have been mem- 
bers of either House of the Legislature or of a convention of the 
people of the State, shall be admitted within the hall of the House : 
Provided, that no person except members of the Senate and the offi- 
cers of the two Houses of the General Assembly shall be allowed 
on the floor of the House or in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's 
desk, unless invited by the Speaker or the House. 

12. Reporters wishing to take down debates may be admitted by 
the Speaker, who shall assign such places to them on the floor or 
elsewhere, to effect this object, as shall not interfere with the con- 
venience of the House. 

13. Smoking shall not be allowed in the hall, the lobbies or the gal- 
leries while the House is in session. 

ORDER OF BUSINESS OF THE DAT. 

14. After the reading of the Journal of the preceding day, which 
shall stand approved without objection, the House shall proceed to 
business in the following order, viz. : 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials, and papers addressed to 
the General Assembly or to the House. Each of these shall be placed 
3 



34 Legislative Department. 

by the member introducing the same in a secure box prepared under 
the direction of tlie presiding officer, which shall be under his control 
and direction, and which shall be securely locked so as to prevent 
any paper being taken therefrom without unlocking the box, and the 
presiding officer alone shall have the key to such box ; and under 
this order of business the presiding officer shall withdraw from the 
box and hand to the Clerk each such paper placed therein prior to 
the time this order of business is reached and shall hand each 
memorial or paper to the Clerk to be read to the House, and a record 
thereof shall be made by the Clerk on the Journal. 

(2) Reports of Standing Committees. 

(3) Reports of Select Committees. 

(4) Resolutions. 

These shall be placed in a box and labeled and kept in the manner 
directed under subsection 1 of this section, and shall be removed 
from the box in like manner and read to the House by the Clerk 
and entered upon the Journals of the House as provided in said sub- 
section for petitions and other papers. 

(5) Bills. 

These shall be placed in a similar box, properly labeled, prepared 
and kept as in the case of resolutions, a«d be withdrawn by the pre- 
siding officer and handed to the Clerk and read to the House, and 
proper entry thereof shall be made by the Clerk on the Journals. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 

(7) The consideration by the House of bills, resolutions, petitions, 
memorials, messages, and other papers, the Public Calendar being 
given precedence, in their exact numerical order, except in so far as 
the House or the Committee on Rules by a special rule may vary the 
order of the consideration of matters on the Public Calendar by set- 
ting said public matters down for consideration at a certain time as 
special orders : Provided, that on Mondays and Saturdays the Public- 
local and Private Calendars shall be given precedence over the Public 
Calendar, though the Public Calendar may on such days be considered 
after the other calendars are disposed of. 

(S) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages and other 
papers on the Public-local Calendar in their exact numerical order. 

(9) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, and other papers on 
the Private Calendar in their exact numerical order. 

No bill, resolution, petition, memorial, message, or other paper 



House Rules. 35 

wliich is not properly ou the Public Calendar shall be made a special 
order so long as there is any bill, resolution, petition, memorial, mes- 
sage, or other matter on the Public Calendar which under the rule 
may then be considered by the House, and no matters on the Public 
Calendar shall ever be displaced by and on account of the bills on 
the Public-local Calendar or on the Private Calendar. 

OK DECORUM IN DEBATE. 

15. When any member is about to speak in .debate or deliver any 
matter to the House, he shall rise from his seat and respectfully 
address the Speaker. 

IG. When the Speaker shall call a member to order, the member 
shall sit down, as also he shall when called to order by another mem- 
ber, unless the Speaker decide the point of order in his favor. By 
leave of the House a member called to order may clear a matter of 
fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as the de- 
cision stands, but by permission of the House. Any member may ap- 
peal from the decision of the Chair, and if, upon appeal, the decision 
be in favor of the member called to order, he may proceed ; if other- 
wise, he shall not, except by leave of the House ; and if the case, in 
the judgment of the House, require it, he shall be liable to its censure. 

17. No member shall speak until recognized by the Chair, and Avhen 
two or more members rise at the same time, the Speaker shall name 
the member to speak. 

18. No member shall speak more than twice on the main question, 
nor longer than thirty minutes for the first speech and fifteen minutes 
for the second speech, unless allowed to do so by affirmative vote of a 
majority of the members present ; nor shall he speak more than once 
upon an amendment or motion to commit or postpone, and then not 
longer than ten minutes. But the House may, by consent of a ma- 
jority, suspend the operation of this rule during any debate ou any 
particular question before the House, or the Committee on Rules may 
bring in a special rule that shall be applicable to the debate on any 
bill. 

19. While the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing the 
House, no person shall speak, stand up, walk out of or across the 
House, nor when a member is speaking entertain private discourse, 
stand up, or pass between him and the Chair. 



36 Legislative Department. 

20. No member shall vote ou any question in the case when he was 
not present when the question was put by the Speaker, except by the 
consent of the House. Upon a division and count of the House on 
any question, no member without the bar shall be counted. 

21. Every member who shall be in the hall of the House when the 
question is put shall give his vote, upon a call of the ayes and noes, 
unless the House for special reasons shall excuse him, and no appli- 
cation to be excused from voting or to explain a vote shall be enter- 
tained unless made before the call of the roll. The hall of the House 
shall include the lobbies, galleries and offices connected with the hall. 

22. When a motion is. made and seconded, it shall be stated by the 
Speaker, or if written it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud 
by the Speaker or Clerk before debate. 

23. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Speaker or any 
two members desire it. 

24. After a motion is stated by the Speaker or read by the Clerk, 
it shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but may be with- 
drawn before a decision or amendment, except in case of a motion to 
reconsider, which motion, when made by a member, shall be deemed 
and taken to be in possession of the House, and shall not be with- 
drawn without leave of the House. 

25. When a question is under debate no motion shall be received 
but to adjourn, to Jay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to post- 
pone to a day certain, to commit or amend, which several motions 
shall have precedence in the order in which they stand arranged ; 
and no motion to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to post- 
pone to a day certain, to commit or amend, being decided, shall be 
again allowed on the same day and at the same stage of the bill or 
proposition. 

26. A motion to adjourn or lay on the table shall be decided with- 
out debate, and a motion to adjourn shall always be in order, except 
when the House is voting or some member Is speaking ; but a motion 
to adjourn shall not follow a motion to adjourn until debate or some 
business of the House has intervened. 

27. When a question has been postponed indefinitely, the same 
shall not be acted on again during the session, except upon a two- 
thirds vote. 

28. Any member may call for a division of the question, when the 
same shall admit of it, which shall be determined by the Speaker. 



House Rules. 37 

29. "When a motion lias been once made and carried in the affirma- 
tive or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority 
to move for the reconsideration thereof, on the same or succeeding 
day, unless it may have already passed the Senate, and no motion to 
reconsider shall be talieu from the table except by a two-thirds vote. 
But unless such vote has been taken by a call of the yeas and nays 
any member may move to reconsider. 

30. When the reading of a paper is called for, which has been read 
in the House, and the same is objected to by any member, it shall 
be determined by a vote of the House. 

31. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to the House 
shall be presented by the Speaker, or by a member in his place; a 
brief statement of the contents thereof shall be verbally made by the 
introducer, and shall not be debated or decided on the day of their 
being first read, unless the House shall direct otherwise, but shall 
lie on the table, to be taken up in the order they were read. 

32. When the ayes and noes are called for on any question, it shall 
be on motion before the question is put; and if seconded by one-fifth 
of the members present, the question shall be decided by the ayes and 
noes ; and in taking the ayes and noes, or on a call of the House, the 
names of the members will be taken alphabetically. 

33. Decency of speech shall be observed and personal reflection 
carefully avoided. 

34. Any member, after the expiration of the morning hour, may 
rise to a question of personal privilege, but if the question of personal 
privilege be decided against him he shall not proceed, unless the 
ruling of the Speaker be reversed by the House. 

35. Any fifteen members, including the Speaker, shall be authorized 
to compel the attendance of absent members. 

36. No member or officer of the House shall absent himself from 
the service of the House without leave, unless from sickness or ina- 
bility. 

37. Any member may excuse himself from serving on any com- 
mittee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

38. If any member shall be necessarily absent on temporary busi- 
ness of the House when a vote is taken upon any question, upon 
entering the House he shall be permitted, on request, to vote, pro- 
vided that the result shall not be thereby affected. 



38 Legislative Depaetmekt. 

39. No standing rule oi" order shall be rescinded or altered without 
one day's notice given on the motion thereof, and to sustain such 
motion two-thirds of the House shall be required. 

40. The members of this House shall uncover their heads upon 
entering the hall whilst the House is in session, and shall continue 
so uncovered during their continuance in the hall, except Quakers. 

41. A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority vote, 
except a motion to reconsider an indefinite postponement, or a motion 
to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to reconsider, which shall 
require a two-thirds vote. 

STANDING committees. 

42. At the commencement of the session a standing committee shall 
be appointed on each of the following subjects, namely : 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Currency. 

On Claims. 

On Constitutional Amendment. 

On Corporation Commission. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities, Towns and Townships. 

On Courts and Judicial Districts. 

On Education. 

Ou Election Law. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Expenditures of the House. 

On Federal Relations. 

On Finance. 

On Fish and Fisheries. 

On Game. 

On Health. 

On Immigration. 

On Insane Asylums. 

On Institutions for the Blind. 

On Institutions for the Deaf and Dumb. 

On Insurance. 

On Internal Improvements. 



House Rules. 39 

On Judiciary, No. 1. 

On Judiciary, No. 2. 

On Manufactures and Labor. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Mines and Mining. 

On Oyster Interests. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Pensions. 

On Private and Public-local Bills. 

On Privileges and Elections. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Roads and Turnpikes. 

On Regulation of tbe Liquor Traffic. 

On Regulation of Public-service Corporations. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

On Enrolled Bills. 

On Appointment of Justices of the Peace. 

On Library. 

On Printing. ^ 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Trustees of University. 

On Revision of the Laws. 

To be appointed by the Speaker, and tbe first announced on each 
committee shall be chairman. Before any private or public-local bill 
shall be placed on the Calendar, it shall be considered by the Com- 
mittee on Private and Public-local Bills. It shall be the duty of the 
Committee on Private and Public-local Bills to see that all taxes and 
fees required by law have been paid; and it shall be the duty of such 
committee to consolidate into an omnibus bill and to systematize, in 
so far as practicable to do so, all private and public-local bills which 
deal with the same subject. 

43. In forming a Committee of the Whole House, the Speaker shall 
leave the chair, and a chaii*man to preside in committee shall be 
appointed by the Speaker. 

44. Upon bills submitted to a Committee of the Whole House, the 
bill shall be first read throughout by the Clerk, and then again read 
and debated by sections, leaving the preamble to be last considered. 



40 Legislative Depabtment. 

The body of the bill shall not be defaced or interliued, but all amend- 
ments, noting the page and line, shall be duly entered by the Clerk 
on a separate paper, as the same shall be agreed to by the commit- 
tee, and so reported to the House. After report, the bill shall again 
be subject to be debated and amended by sections before a question 
on its passage be taken. 

45. The rules of proceeding in the House shall be observed in a 
Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be applicable, ex- 
cept the rule limiting the time of speaking and the previous question. 

46. In a Committee of the Whole House, a motion that the com- 
mittee rise shall always be in order, except when a member is speak- 
ing, and shall be decided without debate. 

47. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for leave, or by order 
of the House, or on the report of a committee, unless introduced in 
regular order during the morniug hour. 

4S. All bills and resolutions shall be reported from the committee 
to which referred, with such recommendation as the committee may 
desire to make. 

49. Every bill shall receive three several readings in the House, 
previous to its passage, and the Speaker shall give notice at each 
whether it be its first, second, or third reading. 

50. Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly en- 
dorse thereon the substance of the same. 

51. The Speaker shall refer all bills and resolutions, upon their 
introduction, to the appropriate committee, unless otherwise ordered. 
When a public bill or resolution has been referred by the Speaker 
to a committee, and after it has remained with such committee for 
the space of five days without being reported to the House, it shall, 
at the option and upon the request of the member who introduced it, 
be recalled from such committee by order of the Speaker and b.y him 
referred to some other regular committee, which shall be indicated in 
the House by the introducer thereof, and the request and order re- 
calling such bill and the reference thereof shall be entered on its 
Journal. 

52. The Clerk of the House shall keep a separate calendar of the 
Public, Local, and Private bills, and shall number them in the order 
in which they are introduced ; and all bills shall be disposed of in the 
order they stand upon the Calendar ; but the Committee on Rules may 



House Rules. 41 

at any time arrange the order of precedence in which bills may be 
considered. No bill shall be twice read on the same day without the 
concurrence of two-thirds of the members. 

53. All resolutions which may grant money out of the Treasury, 
or such as shall be of a public nature, shall be treated in all respects 
in a similar manner with public bills. 

54. The Clerk of the House shall be deemed to continue in office 
until another is appointed. 

55. Upon the motion of any member there shall be a call of the 
House, a majority of the members present assenting thereto, and 
upon a call of the House the names of the members shall be called 
over by the Clerk and the absentees noted, after which the names of 
the absentees shall again be called over. The doors shall then be 
closed and those from whom no excuse or sufficient excuses are made 
may, by order of those present, if fifteen in number, be taken into 
custody as they appear, or may be sent for and taken into custody 
wherever to be found by special messenger appointed for that pur- 
pose. 

PREVIOUS QUESTION. 

56. The previous question shall be as follows : "Shall the main 
question be now put?" and, until it is decided, shall preclude all 
amendments and debates. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill, 
resolution or other matter under consideration ; but when amend- 
ments are pending the question shall be taken upon such amend- 
ments, in their order, without further debate or amendment. If such 
question be decided in the negative, the main question shall be con- 
sidered as remaining under debate: Provided, that no one shall 
move the previous question except the member submitting the report- 
on the bill or other matter under consideration, and the member in- 
troducing the bill or other matter under consideration, or the member 
in charge of the measure, who shall be designated by the chairman 
of the committee reporting the same to the House at the time the 
bill or other matter under consideration is reported to the House, or 
taken up for consideration. 

When a motion for the previous question is made, and pending the 
second thereto by a majority, debate shall cease, but if any member 



42 Legislative Department. 

obtains the floor he may move to lay the matter under consideration 
on the table, or move an adjournment, and when both or either of 
these motions are pending the question shall stand : 

1. Previous question. 

2. To adjourn. 

3. To lay on the table. 

And then upon the main question, or amendments, or the motion to 
postpone indefinitely, postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, 
in the order of their precedence, until the main question is reached or 
disposed of; but after the previous question has been called by a 
majority, no motion, amendment or debate shall be in order. 

All motions below the motion to lay on the table must be made 
prior to a motion for the previous question ; but, pending and not 
after the second therefor by the majority of the House, a motion to 
adjourn or lay on the table, or both, are in order. This constitutes 
the precedence of the motion to adjourn and lay on the table over 
other motions, in Rule 25. 

Motions stand as follows in order of precedence in Rule 26 : 

Lay on the table. 
Previous question. 
Postpone indefinitely. 
Postpone definitely. 
To commit or amend. 

When the previous question is called, all motions below it fall, un- 
less made prior to the call, and all motions above it fall after its sec- 
ond by a majority required. Pending the second, the motions to 
adjourn and lay on the table are in order, but not after a second. 
When in order and every motion is before the House, the question 
stands as follows : 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone indefinitely. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit. 



House Rules. 43 

Ameudmeut to amendmeut. 

Amendmeut. 

Substitute. 

Bill. 

The previous question covers all other motions when seconded by a 
majority of the House, and proceeds by regular gradation to the main 
question, without debate, amendment or motion, until such question 
is reached or disposed of. 

57. All bills carrying appropriations, when reported favorably from 
the committee having them in charge, shall be referred to the Com- 
mittee on Appropriations before reported to the House. 

58. The Principal Clerk, the Engrossing Clerk, and the Doorkeeper 
shall appoint, with the approval of the Speaker, and by affirmative 
order of the House, such assistants as may be necessary to the efficient 
discharge of the duties of their various offices. 

59. The Speaker shall appoint twelve pages to wait upon the ses- 
sions of the House, and when the pressure of business may require 
he may appoint three additional pages. 

60. The chairmen of the Committees on the Judiciary No. 1 and No. 
2, jointly; Constitutional Amendments and Propositions and Griev- 
ances, jointly; Private Bills, and Finance and Appropriations, jointly, 
may appoint a clerk, with the approval of the majority of said re- 
spective committees; and no other clerks of committees shall be ap- 
pointed except upon motion, which shall first be referred to the Com- 
mittee on Rules, and a favorable report from said committee shall not 
allow the appointment of additional clerks of committees unless such 
report be adopted bj' two-thirds vote of the House. 

61. The chairmen and five members of the Committees on the Ju- 
diciary and the chairmen and ten members of the Committees on 
Education, Finance, and Agriculture shall constitute a quorum of 
either of said respective committees for the transaction of business. 

62. The Speaker, on each Monday morning, shall appoint a com- 
mittee of three members, whose duty it shall be to examine daily the 
Journal of the House before the hour of convening, and report after 
the opening of the House whether or not the proceedings of the pre- 
vious day have been correctly recorded. 



44 Legislative Depaktment. 

HOUSE STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Agriciiltnre — McLauglilin, cliairmau; White, Wall, Noland, McNair, 
Stevens, Whitfield, Wilson, Clayton, Price, Cherry, Miller, Griffin, 
Bouey, Crisp, Martin of Cumberland, Ross, Mewborne, Williams of 
Hertford, Allred, Snell, Burleson, Bumgarner, Rector, Bellamy, 
Grier of Iredell, Grier of Mecklenburg. 

Appropriations — Doughton, chairman ; Gordon, Grier of Mecklen- 
burg, Murphy, Majette, Cornwell, Wooten, McNair, McBryde, Martin 
of Cumberland, Page, Seawell, Stevens, Wallace, Wike, Wilson, Bel- 
lamy, Clark, Stephenson, Haymore, Mull, Williams of Cabarrus. 
Weather spoon, Hodges. 

Banks and Currency — Bowie, chairman; Mauney, McNair, Wooten, 
Page, Capelle, Gatling, Gold, Killian, Martin of Cherokee, Wike, 
Hutchins, Mintz, Turner, Doughton, Mills, Williamson, Young of 
Vance, Haymore, Burleson, Sheek. 

Claims — Dixon, chairman ; Bowie, Britton, McPhail, Killian, Con- 
nally, Mills, Stevens, Phillips, Tillett, Witty, Wooten, Haymore, 
Buchanan. 

Constitutional Amendments — Justice, chairman; Koonce, Ray, 
Majette, Gaither, Stewart, Porter, Sikes, Devin, Thomas of Anson. 
Williamson, Clark, Bynum, Carlton, Clement, Dixon, Reavis, Mull, 
Page. 

Corporation Commission — Seawell, chairman; Allred, Noland, 
White, Porter, Long, Bell, Wall, Thomas of Davidson, Patton, Mc- 
Nider, McLaughlin, Mauney, Mills, Martin of Cherokee, Hatchett, 
Etheridge, Cox, Connally, Allen, Burleson, Rector. 

Corporations — Allred, chairman; Wooten, Williams of Buncombe, 
Dellinger, Young of Harnett, Cornwell, Gibbs, Martin of Cherokee, 
Mills, McNider, Thomas of Davidson, Bennett, McPhail, Perry, Brit- 
ton, Williams of Cabarrus, Deaver. 

Counties, Cities, Towns, and Townships — Roberts, chairman ; Dixon, 
Griffin, Dunning, Stevens, Murphy, Tillett, Witty, McMillan, Gibbs. 
Hutchins, Brawley, Newell, McBryde, Britton, Bennett, Young of 
Vance, Bolick, McPhail, Sheek, Haymore, Buchanan, Wallace. 



House Standing Committees. ■ 45 

Courts and Judicial Districts — Weatherspoon, chairman ; Kellum, 
Bowie, Ray, Brawley, Dunning, Stevens, Wliitford, Allen, Stephenson, 
Long, Noland, Tillett, Haymore, Mull, Faircloth, Wallace. 

Education — Majette, chairman ; Seawell, Bowie, Cox, Wilson, Cro- 
martie, Griffin, Pickard, Price, Bellinger, White, Miller, Stallings, 
Turner, Thomas of Anson, Mintz, Gibbs, Martin of Cherokee, Roberts, 
Justice, Wike, Page, Austin, Mashburn, Hodges, McClure. 

Election Laics — Brawley, chairman ; Kellum, Bowie, Stevens, 
Turner, Bynum, Carlton, Bunn, Dunning, Noland, Whitford, Hall, 
Gaither, Stewart, Mashburn, Deaver, Haymore, Justice. 

Engrossed Bills — Noland, chairman ; Austin, Bynum, Capelle, Mintz, 
Deaver. 

Expenditures of the House — Bunn, chairman ; Brittou, Dellinger, 
Foy, Hutchins, Long, Mintz, McPhail, Perry, Bennett, Reavis, Rector, 
Bumgarner. 

Federal Relations — Stewart, chairman; Bunn, Weatherspoon, By- 
num, Wallace, Devin, Gold, Killian, Mintz, Murphy, Payne, Rodman, 
Mull, Reavis. 

Finance — Williams of Buncombe, chairman; Doughton, Wallace, 
Ray, Koonce, Majette, Page, Devin, Clement, Stewart, Ross, Seawell, 
Sikes, Stevens, Wooten, Gordon, Kellum, Young of Harnett, Wilson, 
Bennett, Capelle, Mashburn, Snell, Deaver, McNair, Dellinger. 

Fish and Fisheries — Wallace, chairman ; Bellamy, Bell, Koonce, 
Payne, Gibbs, Britton, Rodman, Clayton, Bowie, Noland, White, Grier 
of Iredell, Whitford, Ross, Ray, Gaither, Gold, Snell, Burleson, Fer- 
guson, Kellum, Foy, Roberts. 

Game — Ross, chairman ; Bellamy, Boney, Allen, Austin, Coffield, 
Connally, Hatchett, Mills, Payne, Mewborne, McNider, Newell, Carl- 
ton, Perry, Thomas of Davidson, Etheridge, Hodges, Bumgarner. 

Health — Cox, chairman; Gordon, McMillan, Killian, Bellamy, Hall, 
Turner, Brawley, Cherry, Bynum, Miller, Bell, Patton, Price, Del- 
linger, Rodman, White, Faircloth, Rector. 

Immigration — Wall, chairman; Austin, Bennett, Bolick, Foy, Cof- 
field, Dellinger, Gatling, Miller, Patton, Pickard, Stallings, Buchanan, 
McClure, Ferguson, Bumgarner. 



^^ " Lkgislative Depaetmext. 

Insane Asylums-Govaou, chairman; Stevens. Dixon, Stephenson 
Bntton, Bunn, Foy, Piclcard, Price, Witty, Wilson, Yonng o Vance 
McNair, Mashburn, Sheek, Snell, Faircloth, Haymore, Crfsp. 

Institutions for the BWul-Wn^on, chairman; Cox, Griffin, Killian, 
Mewborne, McLaughlin, Witty. Clayton. Cherry. Boney. Manner 

Newen. "'"''' '^"'''''"'' ''''"°''' ''"'*'"' F^^-'^^o^- Carroil. 

Institutions for the Deaf and Dumb-Grier of Mecklenburg, chair- 
man ; Roberts, Long, Gaither, Wallace, Miller, White, Dixon. Mintz 
Majette, Koonce, Wooten, Cox, Griffin, Cromartie, Wall, Mull, Mash- 
burn, Hodges, Carroll. 

W-a»ce-Long, chairman; Bellamy, Turner, Dunning. Gold Hall 
Cape le, Foy, Killian, Allen. Porter, Austin, Hatchett,^ Williams o^ 
Hertford. Stephenson, McMillan, Miller, Catling, Hodges, Ferguson. 

Intenm Improvements-Yoimg of Harnett, chairman; Thomas of 
Anson, Bntton, Patton, Mintz, McPhail, Wilson, Bellamy. Doughton, 

Sav;TVcci!r""''' """"'" '' '^^^"' ^^'^^'^' ^^^"^^'^' ^-■^--' 

Judiciaru. Xo. i-Wooten. chairman; Devin. Justice, Majette 
Bowie. Allred, Kellum, Seawell, Williamson, Brawley, Weatherspoon! 

r^S. . ' ''''^' ^^'^'''^'''' ^'i^i'-i^^s of Buncombe, Capelle, Ben- 
nett, Hutchins, Carlton, Mull, Rector, Deaver, Reavis. 

JtidMary, Xo. 2-Sikes, chairman; Doughton. Ray, Koonce, Mur- 
phy, Roberts, Young of Harnett, Gaither, Gold, Grier of Iredell 
Thomas of Anson, Rodman. Austin, Bunn. Dellinger. Tillett Dun- 
ning, Clark, McPhail, Bynum, Phillips, Haymore, Williams of Ca- 
barrus, Faircloth. 

Manufactt,res and Lahor-Koonce, chairman; Seawell, Majette 
Murphy Miller, Mauney. Turner, Witty, Wooten. Devin, Page. Cof^ 
field. K.lhan, Brawley, McMillan. Ross, Stewart. Williamson. Wilson 
Gold, Hodges, Mull, Faircloth. 

mt<^U Affairs-Roclman, chairman; Devin. Bunn, Cromartie. 
Hall. Mintz, Turner, Bennett, McPhail. Sikes, Wike. Payne, Newell 
Allen, Faircloth. ' 

Mines and Mininff-AUen, chairman; Carlton. Coffield, Miller Mar- 
tin of Cherokee, Bowie, Dellinger, Noland, Bolick, Sheek, Williams of 
Cabarrus. 



House Standing Committees. 47 

Oyster Interests— Gihhs, chairman; Dunning, Clayton, Bellamy, 
Rodman, McNider, Etlieridge, Perry, Foy, Martin of Cumberland, 
Snell, McClure. 

Penal Institutions— Grier of Iredell, chairman; Ross, Cornwell, 
McLaughlin, Doughton, Martin of Cumberland, Clayton, Bolick, 
Weatherspoon, Stephenson, Killian, Foy, Cromartie, Mauney, McBryde, 
Perry, Pickard, Whitfield, Etheridge, McClure, Sheek, Gordon. 

Pensions— ^IcBvyde, chairman; Wall, Stallings, Bell, Grier of 
Mecklenburg, Koonce, Foy, Miller, Rodman, Whitfield, Mewborne, 
Stevens, McClure, Snell, Ross. 

Private and PuUic-Local Bills— Kellwrn, chairman; Bowie, Devin, 
Gordon, Murphy, Allred, Roberts, Seawell, Majette, Weatherspoon, 
Williams of Cabarrus, Mull. 

Privileges and Elections — Austin, chairman; Martin of Cherolcee, 
Bell, Boney, Brawley, Capelle, Clement, Crisp, Etheridge, Catling, 
Hall, Hatchett, Newell, Phillips, Price, Thomas of Anson, Haymore, 
Hodges. 

Propositious and Grievances — Ray, chairman; Bellinger, Britton. 
Bunn, Clark, Clayton, Crisp, Foy, Gordon, Grier of Iredell, Hatchett, 
Hutchins, Martin of Cumberland, Mintz, McBryde, McLaughlin, Mc- 
Millan, McPhail, Patton, Payne. Phillips, Thomas of Anson, Stallings, 
Whitfield, Young of Harnett, Bumgarner, Deaver, Ferguson, Wallace. 

Pnhlic Roads and Turnpikes — Grifiin, chairman ; Grier of Mecklen- 
burg, Doughton, Cherry, Murphy, Price, Hall, Mewborne, Turner, 
Bellamy, Wike, McNair, Killian, Coflield, Xoland, Pickard, Haymore, 
Reavis, Sheek, Carroll. 

Regulation of PuWic-service Corporations — Devin, chairman; Jus- 
tice, Sikes, Williams of Buncombe, Kellum, White, Bolick, Coffleld, 
Boney, Majette, Cherry, Crisp, Dellinger, Catling, Griffin, McMillan, 
Porter, Stewart, Whitfield, Young of Harnett, Mashburn, Haymore, 
Mull, Wallace. 

Regulation of Liquor Traffic— UiUer, chairman; Roberts, Wallace, 
Grier of Mecklenburg, Cornwell, Dellinger, Bynum, Weatherspoon. 
Stephenson, Mills, White, Whitford, Turner, Stevens, Bolick, Bu- 
chanan, Carroll, Ferguson. 

Rules — Murphy, chairman; Doughton, Justice, Majette, Allred, 
Haymore. 



48 Legislative Depabtment. 

Salaries and Fees — Clement, chairman ; Coi'nwell, Witty, Koonce, 
Murphy, Gordon, Gaitber, Allred, Bell, Boney, Cromartie, Connally, 
McNider, Austin, Nolaud, Thomas of Davidson, Whitford, Mull, 
Carroll. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

Enrolled Bills — Mintz, chairman ; Martin of Cherokee, Austin, 
Bolick, Bunn, Connally, Gatling, Newell, Phillips, Rector. 

Justices of the Peace — Cornwell, chairman ; Byuum, Carlton, Con- 
nally, Dixon, Cromartie, Gibbs, Hatchett, Patton, Clayton, McClure, 
Reavis. 

Lihrary — Tillett, chairman ; Pickard, Williams of Buncombe, Cro- 
martie, Gordon, Majette, Bynum, Page, Clark, Williams of Cabarrus, 
Faircloth, 

Printing — Turner, chairman ; Mintz, Capelle, Gatling, Hatchett, 
Hutchins, McNider, Rector. 

Pithlic Buildings and Grounds — Bellamy, chairman; Mills, Dough- 
ton, Hall, Hutchins, Gaither, Martin of Cumberland, Miller, Whitfield, 
Ross, Stevens, Clement, Stallings, Faircloth, Mull. 

Trustees of tlic University — Gold, chairman; Bowie, Williams of 
Buncombe, Seawell, Pickard, Clark, Kellum, Page, Thomas of Anson, 
Wike, Mull, Faircloth. 

Revision of the Laws — Dunning, chairman ; Wooten, Silies, Wil- 
liams of Buncombe, Weatherspoon, Devin, Kellum, Ray, Haymore, 
Rector, Deaver. 



PART II. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. 



1. Department of the Governor. 

2. Department of the Secretary of State. 

3. Treasury Department. 

4. AuDiTOR^s Department. 

5. Department of Education. 

6. Department of Justice. 



i 



DEPARTMENT OF THE GOVERNOR. 
Locke Cbaig, Governor. 

The Governor is the chief executive officer of the State. He is 
elected by the people for a term of four years. He receives a salary 
of $5,000 a year, and in addition is allowed annually $000 for travel- 
ing expenses, and a residence, with domestic servants. 

Article III, section 2, of the Constitution of North Carolina pre- 
scribes the following qualifications for the Governor : 

1. He must have attained the age of thirty years. 

2. He must have been a citizen of the United States for five years, 
and a resident of North Carolina for two years next before the elec- 
tion. 

3. No person shall be eligible for the office of Governor for more 
than four years in any term of eight years, unless he becomes Gov- 
ernor by having been Lieutenant Governor or President of the Senate. 

The same qualifications apply to the office of Lieutenant Governor. 
The Constitution prescribes the powers and duties of the Governor 
as follows : 

1. To take the oath of office prescribed for the Governor. 

2. To reside at the seat of government ; to keep the General Assem- 
bly informed respecting the affairs of the State; and to recommend 
to the General Assembly such measures as he deems expedient. 

3. To grant reprieves, commutations and pardons (except in cases 
of impeachment), and to report each case of reprieve, commutation 
or pardon to the General Assembly. 

4. To receive reports from all officials of the Executive Department 
and of public institutions, and to transmit the same to the General 
Assembly. 

5. He is commander in chief of the militia of the State, except 
when they are called into the service of the United States. 

0. To call extra sessions of the General Assembly when he thinks 
necessary, by and with the advice of the Council of State. 

7. To appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, 
all officers whose offices are established by the Constitution and whose 
appointments are not otherwise provided for. 

S. To keep "The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina." and 
u.se the same as occasion shall require. 



52 Executive Depabtme>'ts. 

He has no veto power, beiug the ouly Governor in the United 
States without such power. 
In addition to these duties the following are prescribed by statute: 

1. To supervise the official conduct of all executive and administra- 
tive officers, and to visit all State institutions whenever he deems 
such visitation necessary to inquire into their management and needs. 

2. To see that all public offices are filled and their duties per- 
formed. 

3. To make appointments and supply vacancies not otherwise pro- 
vided for in all departments. 

4. To be the sole official organ of communication between the Gov- 
ernment of this State and other States or the Government of the 
United States. 

5. To use the civil and military power of the State to prevent the 
violation of the statute against prize-fighting in North Carolina. 

6. To convene the Council of State for consultation whenever he 
deems it necessary. 

7. To appoint a Private Secretary, who shall keep a record of all 
public letters written by or to the Governor in books provided for 
that purpose. 

8. To cause to be kept the following records : a register of all appli- 
cations for pardon or for commutation of any sentence ; an account 
of his official expenses, and the rewards offered by him for the appre- 
hension of criminals, which shall be paid upon the warrant of the 
Auditor. 

9. Under certain conditions to employ counsel for the State. 

10. To appoint by proclamation one day in each year as a day of 
solemn and public thanksgiving to Almighty God for past blessings 
and of supplication for His continued kindness and care over us as a 
State and a Nation. 

11. To procure a seal for each department of the State Government 
to be used in such manner as may be established by law. 

In addition to the above duties, the Governor is, ex officio, chair- 
man of the State Board of Education, of the Board of Public Build- 
ings and Grounds, of the State Board of Pensions, of the State Board 
of Internal Improvements, of the North Carolina Geological Board, of 
the Board of Trustees of the State Library, of the Board of Trustees 
of the Univei'sity of North Carolina, and of the State Text-book Com- 
mission, of the committee to let the contract for State printing, and 
of the State Board of Canvassers. 



Seceetary of State. 53 

DEPARTMENT OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE. 
J. Bryan Grimes, Secretary of State. 

The Secretary of State is at the head of the Department of State. 
He is elected by the people for a term of four years and receives a 
salary of $3,500. He is, ex officio, a member of the Council of State, 
of the State Board of Education, of the State Text-book Commission, 
of the Board of Public Buildings and Grounds, and is a trustee of 
the Public Libraries. 

The Secretary of State countersigns all commissions issued by the 
Governor and is charged with the custody of all statutes and joint 
resolutions of the Legislature, all documents which pass under the 
Great Seal, and of all books, records, deeds, parchments, maps and 
papers now deposited in his office or which may hereafter be there 
deposited pursuant to law. 

Through the Secretary of State all corporations for business or 
charitable purposes under the general laws of the State are char- 
tered. This includes mercantile, manufacturing, banking, insurance, 
railroad, street car, electric, steamboat, and other companies. There 
the certificates are recorded, annual reports of same filed, except 
those required by law to report to the Corporation Commission. In 
the last two years there have been domestic corporations filed in the 
office of Secretary of State on which $48,(>46.50 organization or disso- 
lution taxes have been paid. In the last two years 74 banks have 
been incorporated and 16 railroad companies have filed articles of 
association or amendment with the Secretary of State. Foreign cor- 
porations, before being permitted to do business in North Carolina, 
are required to file copies of their charters in and make annual state- 
ments to the office of Secretary of State. One hundred and five for- 
eign corporations have filed their charters and have been admitted 
to do business in the last two years. 

ENROLLMENT OF BILLS. 

All bills passed by the General Assembly are enrolled for ratifica- 
tion under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of State 
and shall be typewritten or written with pen and ink, in the discre- 
tion of the Secretary of State. All bills are now typewritten, which 
change is very much in the interest of economy and accuracy. Copy- 



54 Executive Depaetmexts. 

ists in the enrolling office are paid ten cents a copy-sheet for original 
and one carbon copy. The carbon copy Is sent to the State Printer, 
from which copy are published the laws, resolutions, etc. An assist- 
ant to the Secretary of State prepares these laws for publication, 
determines which are "public." "public local," and which are "pri- 
vate," side-notes them and prepares the captions and indexes the laws 
of the session. This work has grown very much in the last few years. 
The Secretary of State is charged with the work of distributing 
the Supreme Court Reports, The Revisal, Session Laws, Journals, 
Public Documents, etc. 

PEKMANENT BOLL REGISTERED VOTERS. 

The Secretary of State furnishes to the various precincts, counties, 
and boards all books, blanks, forms, and other printed matter neces- 
sary for holding elections; prepares blanks for the State Board of 
Canvassers and issues certificates of election to such persons as are 
declar^l elected by the State Board of Canvassers. He also keeps 
in his office a permanent roll of the voters of the precincts and coun- 
ties who registered under the "grandfather clause" in the Consti- 
tution. 

PUBLIC LANDS. 

All vacant and unappropriated land in North Carolina is subject 
to entry by residents or citizens of the State. Almost all the vacant 
land in the State has been granted to individuals or is the property 
of the State Board of Education, but small tracts are frequently 
discovered and entries for same made. In the last two years 255 
grants have been issueil. iind on this account $1.3.349.25 has been paid 
into the Treasury. The warrants, plats, and surveys and a record of 
grants for all lands originally granted by the Lords Proprietors, by 
the crown of Great Britain, or by the State of North Carolina are 
preservetl in the office of the Secretary of State. 

The General Assembly of 1909 increased the price of these lands 
to $1.50 an acre, and provided "that all lands entered under this act 
for which a grant has been obtained at the price of $1..30 an acre 
shall be free from all claims, title or interest now vested in the State 
of North Carolina or the State Board of Education." 

Automobiles are now required to be licensetl by the State, and 
(1.106 have registered, and there has been paid into the Treasury from 
this source for the year 1912, .$16,462.00. 



State Treasurer. 55 

For the two years ending November 30, 1912, the collections made 
in the Secretary of State's office, paid into the State Treasury, were 
$128,114.51. 

In the last few years the work in this office has been greatly in- 
creased, everything has been indexed and systematically filed, and 
the dangerous and unsightly paper boxes and files in wooden cup- 
boards have been replaced with steel, fireproof filing-cases. 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 
B. R. Lacy, Ntaie Treasurer. 

The State Treasury is one of the executive departments of the 
State Government. The State Treasurer is elected by the people for a 
term of four years. His term of office begins the first day of January 
next after his election and continues until his successor is elected 
and qualified. He receives a salary of $3,500 per annum. 

The duties of the State Treasurer as prescribed by law are as fol- 
lows : 

1. To keep his office in the city of Raleigh and attend there between 
the hours of 10 o'clock a. m. and 3 o'clock p. m., except Sundays and 
legal holidays. 

2. To receive all moneys that may be paid into the Treasury of the 
State; to pay interest on State bonds and all warrants legally drawn 
on the Treasury by the Auditor and to report to the Governor and the 
General Assembly the financial condition of the State, including a 
summary of the receipts and disbursements for each fiscal year. 

3. To make a complete revenue bill to cover estimated expenses 
and recommend the tax rate. 

4. To construe Revenue aiid Machinery Acts. 



5(; 



Executive Departments. 



STATEMENT OF TOTAL RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS. 



summanr of the receipts and disbursements of public and educational funds, 
Showing Balances to the Credit of Each Fund at the Close of Each of the 
Fiscal Years Ending November 30, 1911, and November 30, 1912. 



1910. 
Dec. 1 


Balance: 
Educational Fund - 


$3,911,224.58 
101,921.09 


$ 10,539.25 


1911. 
Nov. 30 


Receipts: 
Public Fund 1 






Educational Fund 






Total receipts for 1911.. 


4,013,145.67 




8 12,118.87 

3,687,7.36.48 

105,608.24 




$4,023,684.92 




Disbursements: 
Overdraft from 1910 






Public Fund 






Educational Fund. _. 






Balance at end of 1911 


3,805,463.59 




S 211,369.23 
6,852.10 




$ 218,221.33 




Balance: 
Public Fund 






Educational Fund 






Balance . - 






$ 211,369.23 
6,852.10 


$ 218,221.33 




Balance brought forward : 
Public Fund . 




1911. 
Dec 1 






Educational Fund . . _ . 






Total balance . 






.53,321,647.27 
92,008.40 


$ 218,221.33 


1912. 
Nov 30 


Receipts: 
Public Fund 






Educational Fund . 






Total receipts for 1912 .. . . . 


3,413,655.67 




$3,246,529.18 
94,491.60 




$3,631,877.00 




Disbursements: 
Public Fund 












Balance at end of 1912 


3,341,020.78 




$ 286,487.32 
4,368.90 




$ 290,856.22 




Balance: 
Public Fund - 






- 




Educational Fund 






Balance . 








S 290,856.22 









State Auditor. 57 

AUDITOR'S DEPARTMENT. 

W. P. Wood, State Auditor. 

The Department of the State Auditor is one of the Executive De- 
partments of the State Government. The Auditor is elected for a 
term of four years by the qualified voters of the State, at the same 
time and places and in the same manner as members of the General 
Assembly are elected. His term of office begins on the first day of 
January next after his election and continues until his successor is 
elected and qualified. (Constitution of North Carolina, Article III, 
section 1.) His duties as prescribed by law are as follows (Revisal 
of 1905, section 5305) : 

1. To superintend the fiscal concerns of the State. 

2. To report to the Governor, annually, and to the General Assem- 
bly at the beginning of each biennial session thereof, a complete 
statement of the funds of the State, of its revenues and of the public 
expenditures during the preceding fiscal year, and, as far as practi- 
cable, an account of the same down to the termination of the current 
calendar year, together with a detailed estimate of the expenditures 
to be defrayed from the treasury for the ensuing fiscal year, specify- 
ing therein each object of expenditure and distinguishing between 
such as are provided for by permanent or temporary appropriations, 
and such as must be provided for by a new statute, and suggesting 
the means from which such expenditures are to be defrayed. 

3. To suggest plans for the improvement and management of the 
public revenue. 

4. To keep and state all accounts in which tlie State is interested. 

5. To examine and settle the accounts of all persons indebted to the 
State, and to certify the amount of balance to the Treasurer. 

6. To direct and superintend the collection of all moneys due to 
the State. 

7. To examine and liquidate the claims of all persons against the 
State, in cases where there is sufficient provisions of law for the pay- 
ment thereof, and where there is no sufficient provision, to examine 
the claim and report the fact, with his opinion thereon, to the Gen- 
eral Assembly. 

8. To require all persons who have received any moneys belonging 
to the State, and have not accounted therefor, to settle their accounts. 



58 Executive Departments. 

9. To have the exchisive power and authority to issue all warrants 
for the payment of money upon the State Treasurer ; and it shall be 
the Auditor's duty, before issuing the same, to examine the laws 
authorizing the payment thereof, and satisfy himself of the correct- 
ness of the accounts of persons applying for warrants ; and to this 
end he shall have the power to administer oaths, and he shall also 
file in his office the voucher upon which the warrant is drawn and 
cite the law upon said warrant. 

10. To procure from the books of the banks in which the Treasurer 
makes his deposits, monthly statements of the moneys received and 
paid on account of the Treasurer. 

11. To keep an account between the State and the Treasurer, and 
therein charge the Treasurer with the balance in the Treasury when 
he came into ofiice, and with all moneys received by him, and credit 
him with all warrants drawn or paid by him. 

12. To examine carefully on the first Tuesday of every month, or 
oftener if he deems it necessary, the accounts of the debits and credits 
in the bank book kept by the Treasurer, and if he discovers any 
irregularity or deficiency therein, unless the same be rectified or ex- 
plained to his satisfaction, to report the same forthwith in writing to 
the Governor. 

13. To require, from time to time, all persons who have received 
moneys or securities, or have had the disposition or management of 
any property of the State, of which an account is kept in his office, 
to render statements thereof to him ; and all such persons shall ren- 
der such statements at such time and in such form as he shall re- 
quire. 

14. To require any person presenting an account for settlement to 
be sworn before him and to answer orally as to any facts relating to 
its correctness. 

In addition to the above, the State Auditor is a member of the 
Council of State, of the State Board of Education, of the State Text- 
boolv Commission, of the State Board of Pensions, and ex officio Sec- 
retary of the Soldiers' Home. All pension matters are managed in 
this department ; all applications for pensions examined, and all pen- 
sion warrants issued to more than fifteen thousand pensioners. The 
Auditor keeps the accounts of the Soldiers' Home. 



Superintendent Public Instruction. 59 

pensions for confederate veterans. 

The first peusion law was passed by the Legish^ture of 1885. It 
appropriatetl $30,000 annually for certain classes of disabled Confed- 
erate soldiers. This appropriation has been increased from time to 
time, until the annual appropriation now amounts to $400,000. Of 
this amount $125,000 was added by the Legislature of 1907. 

To totally blind and disabled Confederate soldiers the law allows 
$120 each per year. That class received $13,280 in 1907. 

The Soldiers' Home was organized by the Legislature of 1891 and 
there was expended that year $2,250. That has gradually increased 
from year to year until the last Legislature appropriated $15,000 for 
maintenance and $5,000 for building purposes, making a total of 
$20,000 annually. 

We have now on the pension roll of North Carolina in round num- 
bers 15,000 pensioners, an increase of about 10,000 since 1900. 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. 
James Y. Joyner, Superintendent. 

The Department of Education is one of the Executive Departments 
of the State Government. The Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
head of the department, is elected by the people for a term of four 
years. His term begins on the first of January next after his election 
and continues until his successor has been elected and qualified. His 
salary is $3,000 per annum, and in addition he is allowed "actual 
traveling expenses" when engaged in the performance of his oQicial 
duties. 

Section XLI of the Constitution of North Carolina of 1776 is as 
follows : "That a school or schools be established by the Legislature, 
for the convenient instruction of youth, with such salaries to the mas- 
ters, paid by the public, as may enable them to instruct at low prices ; 
and all useful learning shall be duly encouraged and promoted in one 
or more universities." 

Except for the establishment of the Tniversity of North Carolina, 
no attempt was made by the Legislature to carry out this injunction 
of the Constitution until nearly three-quarters of a century had 
elapsed. The first efforts were a failure, and nothing definite was 
accomplished until the creation of a Department of Education by the 



60 Executi\t: Departments. 

election in 1S51 of Calvin H. Wiley Superintendent of Common 
Schools. He entered upon the duties of his office in January, 1852, 
and was continued in office until October 19, 1SG5. The following fig- 
ures tell the story of his work : Number of teachers in 1852, 800 ; in 
1855, 2,064 ; in 1860, 2,286. Enrollment in the schools in 1853, 83,373 ; 
in 1855, 115,850 ; in 1860, 110,507. Number of schools taught in 1855, 
1,905; 1800, 2,854. School fund in 1853, $192,250; in 1860, $408,506. 
Expenditures in 1S53, $139,865; in 1800, $255,641. The schools were 
kept open throughout the war, and in 1863 enrolled more than 50,000 
pupils. In 1865, as one of the results of the war, the office of Super- 
intendent of Common Schools was abolished. 

By the Constitution of 1868 the office of Superintendent of Public 
Instruction was created, and the Department of Education made one 
of the Constitutional Departments of the State Government. Since 
that time the following have filled the office : S. S. Ashley, Alexander 
Mclver, Stephen D. Pool, John C. Scarborough, Sidney M. Finger, 
Charles H. Mebane, Thomas F. Toon, and James Y. Joyner. 

The scope and general nature of the work of this department can 
be best understood from the following summary of the general powers 
and duties of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction: 

The Superintendent is required to publish the school law, make a 
biennial report to the Governor, keep his office at the capital, and sign 
all orders for money paid out of State Treasury for educational pur- 
poses. He has general direction of the school system and the enforce- 
ment of the school law, all school officers being required to obey his 
instructions and his interpretation of the law. He is requii*ed to be 
acquainted with the educational conditions of all sections of the State, 
and he must also keep in touch with the educational progress of other 
States. 

In addition to these general duties, the State Superintendent has 
the following duties : Supervision and control of normal department 
of Cullowhee High School, Rev. 1905, 4228; secretary Text-book Com- 
mission, Rev. 1905, 4057; trustee of State Library, Rev. 1905, 5069; 
president of board of directors State Normal and Industrial College, 
Rev. 1905, 4252; chairman of ti'ustees of East Carolina Training 
School, Laws 1907; chairman State Board of Examiners, Laws 1907; 
prescribes course of study for public high schools. Laws 1907 ; makes 
rules and regulations for rural libraries. Rev. 1905, 4175; and member 
board of trustees of Appalachian Training School, Laws 1907. 



Superintendent Public Instbuction. 



61 



SCHOOL FUND AND SOURCES, 1911-1912. 



Balance from 1911 

Local tax, 1911-1912 

Local tax, 1910-1911 

Increase 

Percentage of increase 

Bonds, loans, etc., 1911-1912 

Bonds, loans, etc., 1910-1911 

Increase -. 

County fund, 1911-1912 

County fund, 1910-1911 

Increase 

Special State appropriations for elementary 
schools 

Special State appropriations for public high 
schools 

Private donations, State appropriations, 
tuitions, etc., for libraries, 1911-1912 

Private donations. State appropriations, 
tuitions, etc., for libraries, 1910-1911 

Increase 

Total available school fund, 1911-1912 

Total available school fund, 1910-1911 

Increase 

Percentage of increase 

Rural funds (not included in above), 1911-1912 

Rural funds (not included in above), 1910-1911 

Increase 

'Decrease. 



Rural. 



S 220,139.19 
503,779.27 
357,271-38 
152,507.89 

42.1 

105,961.00 

84,695.00 

21,266.00 

1,827,130.26 

1,486,451.34 

340,678.92 

216,429.45 

64,850.00 

31,976.14 

26,071.47 

5,904.67 

2,976,755.31 

2,455,504.33 

521,250.98 

21.2 

65,112.56 

66,231.77 

*1, 119.21 



City. 



$ 54,700.27 

669,987.41 

655,978.63 

14,008.78 

2.1 

358,125.31 

167,624.21 

190,501.10 

389,835.40 

354,263.20 

35,572.20 



39,348.87 



39,348.87 

1,511,997.26 

1,244,113.38 

267,883.88 

21.5 



North 
Carolina. 



$ 274,839.46 

1,179,766.68 

1,013,250.01 

166,516.67 

15.45 

464,086.31 

252,319.21 

211,767.10 

2,216,965.66 

1,840,714.54 

376,251.12 

216,429.45 

64,850.00 

71,325.01 

26,071.47 

45,253.54 

4,488,752.57 

3,699,617.71 

789,134.86 

21.3 

65,112.56 

66,231.77 

*1,119.21 



G2 



Executive Departments. 



PUBLIC SCHOOL EXPENDITURES. 



Rural. 


City. 


North 
Carolina. 


$2,703,990.72 


$1,374,129.32 


$4,078,120.04 


2,235,365.12 


1,189,403.13 


3,424,768.25 


468,625.60 


184,716.19 


653,351.79 


1,714,147.31 


813,469.43 


2,527,616.74 


1,489,167.98 


747,880.15 


2,237,048.13 


224,979.33 


65,589.28 


290,568.61 


519,225.83 


397,037.50 


916,263.33 


439,804.67 


284,589.72 


724,394.39 


79,421.16 


112,447.78 


191,868.94 


129,926.27 


34,499.07 


164,425.34 


112,160.93 


26,659.44 


138,820.37 


17,765.34 


7,839.63 


25,604.97 


168,819.49 




168,819.49 


171,871.82 


129,123.32 


300,995.14 


272,933.49 


137,699.04 


410,632.53 


63.39 


59.2 


61.6 


18.2 


28.8 


22.4 


4.4 


2.5 


4.03 



Total expenditures, 1911-1912 

Total expenditures, 1910-1911 

Increase... 

Teaching and supervision, 1911-1912 

Teaching and supervision, 1910-1911 

Increase __ 

Buildings and supplies, 1911-1912 

Buildings and supplies, 1910-1911 

Increase 

Administration, 1911-1912 

Administration, 1910-1911 

Increase ._ 

Public High Schools. 

Loans repaid, interest, etc 

Balance on hand June 30, 1912 

Percentage for teaching and supervision, 1911- 
1912 

Percentage for buildings and supplies, 1911-1912 

Percentage for administration, 1911-1912 



Superintendent Public Instruction. 



63 



MISCELLANEOUS STATISTICS, 1911-1912. 



Total school population 

Total enrollment 

Total average daily attendance 

Total number rural schools 

Total number teachers 

Average monthly salary all teachers 

Average term all schools (days) 

Total number schoolhouses 

New rural schoolhouses built 

Total value public school property - 
Average value all schoolhouses 



Rural. 



624,057 

441,826 

274,039.40 

7,688 

' 10,024 

33.82 

94.86 

7,491 

356 

$4,017,254.00 

534.94 



« 



City. 



137,550 

83,681 

58,506.75 



2,090 

$ 41.15 

173.9 

286 

23 

$3,363,362.00 

11,760.59 



North 
Carolina. 



762,607 

525,507 

332,546.15 

7,688 

11,914 

$ 35.80 

108.06 

7,777 

379 

$7,380,616.00 

950.32 



G4 



Executive Depaktments. 



DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 
T. W. BicKETT, Attorney-General, Raleigh. 

The Attorney-General is a member of the Executive Department of 
the State Government. He is elected by the people for a term of four 
years. His term begins the first of January next after his election 
and continues until his successor is elected and qualified. He receives 
a salary of $3,000 per annum. 

It is the duty of the Attorney-Genei'al : 

1. To defend all actions in the Supreme Court in which the State 
shall be interested, or is a party ; and, also, when requested by the 
Governor or either branch of the General Assembly, to appear for the 
State in any other court or tribunal in any cause or matter, civil or 
criminal, in which the State may be a party or interested. 

2. At the request of the Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, 
Auditor, Corporation Commissioners, Insurance Commissioner, or 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, he shall prosecute and defend 
all suits relating to matters connected with their departments. 

3. To represent all State institutions, including the State Prison, 
whenever requested so to do by the oflicial head of any such insti- 
tution. 

4. To consult with and advise the solicitors, when requested by 
them, in all matters pertaining to the duties of their office. 

5. To give, when required, his opinion upon all questions of law 
submitted to him by the General Assembly, or either branch thereof, 
or by any oflicial of the State. 

6. To pay all moneys received for debts due or penalties to the 
State immediately after the receipt thereof, into the Treasury. 

The Attorney-General is also a member of the State Board of Edu- 
cation, of the State Board of Public Buildings and Grounds, of the 
State Board of Pensions, and of the State Text-book Commission, 
and is the legal adviser of the Council of State. 



PART III. 



THE JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT. 



1. Court of Impeachment. 

2. Supreme Court. 

3. Superior Courts. 

4. Other Inferior Courts. 

5. Corporation Commission. 



,1 



i 



COURTS. 



The judicial power of the State is vested in : 

(1) A Court for the Trial of Impeachments; 

(2) A Supreme Court ; 

(3) The Superior Courts; 

(4) Courts of Justices of the Peace; 

(5) Such other inferior courts as may be established by the Gen- 

eral Assembly. 

COURT OF IMPEACHMENT. 

Article IV, section 3, of the Constitution of North Carolina provides 
that the court for the trial of impeachment shall be the Senate. A 
majority of the members are necessary to a quorum, and the judg- 
ment shall not extend beyond removal from, and disqualification to 
hold, office in North Carolina ; but the party shall be liable to indict- 
ment and punishment according to law. The House of Representa- 
tives solely has the power of impeaching. No person shall be con- 
victed without the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators present. 
When the Governor is impeached, the Chief Justice presides. The 
following causes, or charges, are suflicient, when proven, to warrant 
conviction: (1) corruption in office; (2) habitual drunkenness; (3) 
intoxication while in the exercise of office; (4) drunkenness in any 
public place; (5) mental or physical incompetence to discharge the 
duties of office; (6) any criminal matter the conviction whereof 
would tend to bring the office into public contempt. 

Only once in the history of the State has the High Court of Im- 
peachment been organized for the purpose of impeaching the Gov- 
ernor. This was in 1870, when the House of Representatives im- 
peached Governor W. W. Holden before the Senate, for "high 
crimes and misdemeanors." The trial was conducted on both sides 
by the most eminent lawyers of the State and resulted in the con- 
viction of the Governor and his removal from office. In 1901 similar 
charges of impeachment were pi'eferred against Chief Justice David 
M. Furches and Associate Justice Robert M. Douglas, but both were 
acquitted. 



68 Judicial Department. 

THE SUPREME COURT. 

The Supreme Court consists of a Chief Justice and four associate 
justices elected by the qualified voters of the State for a term of 
eight years. 

The Constitution of 1776 required the General Assembly to "ap- 
point judges of the Supreme Courts of Law and Equity, Judges of 
Admiralty, and Attorney-General," who were commissioned by the 
Governor and held office during good behavior. Acting under this 
authority, the General Assembly in 1776 divided the State into six 
judicial districts. In 17S2 a seventh district, and in 1787 an eighth 
district were added. Under the act of 1777 three judges, Samuel 
Ashe, Samuel Spencer, and James Iredell, were chosen. The judges 
rode the circuits separately, but sat together as an appellate court. 
In 1790 the eight judicial districts were divided into an eastern 
and a western riding, and a fourth judge was added, two being as- 
signed to each riding. In each riding the two judges sat together as 
an appellate court. In 1797 the General Assembly created an extraor- 
dinary court for the purpose of trying the Secretary of State and 
other officials who had been discovered confederating with others in 
an elaborate scheme for defrauding the State by issuing fraudulent 
land warrants. For trial of these criminals the General Assembly 
deemed it expedient to create a new court to sit at Raleigh twice a 
year, not exceeding ten days at each term. The court was author- 
ized to hear appeals of causes which had accumulated in the district 
courts. The existence of this court under the act was to expire at 
the close of the session of the General Assembly next after June 10, 
1802, but before the expiration of this time the General Assembly 
continued the court for three years longer, for the purpose of hearing 
appeals from the district courts, and gave to it the name of "Court 
of Conference."' By an act of 1801 the court was made a permanent 
Court of Record. The judges were ordered to reduce their opinions to 
writing and to deliver the same viva voce in open court. The next 
year (ISOo) the name of the court was changed to the Supreme Court. 
In 1810 the judges were authorized to elect one of their members a 
Chief Justice. John Louis Taylor being chosen to that office. The 
Supreme Court now consisted of six judges, but two continued to be a 
quorum, and all the judges still rode the circuits. 



Supreme and Other Courts. 69 

In ISIS an act was passed establishing the present Supreme Court 
and rei]uiring it to sit in Raleigh for the hearing of appeals. The act 
provided for three judges to be elected by the General Assembly. 
John Louis Taylor, Leonard Henderson, and John Hall composed the 
first court. The judges elected their own Chief Justice, Taylor being 
continued in that office. The number of judges continued to be three 
until 1S68, when the Constitution adopted by the convention of that 
year increased the number to five. The Convention of 1875 reduced 
it again to three, but by an amendment adopted in ISSS the number 
was raised to five, where it has continued until the present time. 
The Supreme Court holds annually two sessions of sixteen weeks, one 
beginning the first Monday in September, the other the first Monday 
in February. 

The court is authorized to choose its own clerk, marshal, reporter, 
and other officers. 

SUPERIOR COURTS. 

There are sixteen Superior Court judges, one for each of the six- 
teen circuits, or judicial districts, who are elected by the people and 
hold their offices for a term of eight years. The Superior Court has 
appellate jurisdiction of all issues of law or of fact determined by a 
clerk of the Superior Court or justice of the i^eace, and of all appeals 
from inferior courts for error assigned in matters of law as provided 
by law. In the matter of original jurisdiction the law is : 

"The Superior Court shall have original jurisdiction of the civil 
actions whereof exclusive original jurisdiction is not given to some 
other court, and of all criminal actions in which the punishment may 
exceed a fine of fifty dollars or imprisonment for thirty days ; and 
of all such affrays as shall be committed within one mile of the place 
where and during the time such court is being held." 

OTHER COURTS. 

The Constitution gives to the General Assembly power to establish 
other courts inferior to the Supreme and Superior Courts, and to 
allot and distribute to them such powers and jurisdiction, within 
constitutional limits, as it sees fit. From the decision of these 
inferior courts the Legislature has power to provide a proper system 
of appeals. 



70 Judicial Department. 

The presiding officers and clerks of these courts are elected in such 
manner as the General Assembly may from time to time prescribe, 
and they hold their offices for a term not exceeding eight j-ears. 

The Constitution also requires the General Assembly to provide 
for the establishment of special courts for the trial of misdemeanors 
in cities and towns where the same may be necessary. 

Such courts are the mayors of cities and incorporated towns. 
Their election or appointment is usually provided for in the charters 
of incorporation, the acts of the General Assembly prescribing how 
particular towns and cities shall be governed. 

The jurisdiction of such special courts — also called in the law, 
inferior courts — is usually set forth in the charters. 

The general law also provides that "the mayor of every city and 
incorporated town . . . within the corporate limits of his city or 
town, shall have the jurisdiction of a justice of the peace in all 
criminal matters arising under the laws of the State or under the 
ordinances of such city or town." 

Justices of the peace, in their respective counties, try (1) that class 
of civil actions which involve demands for small debts and property 
of little value and (2) that class of criminal actions, called petty 
misdemeanors, which involve only slight punishment. 

They try all cases of contract or promise to pay money where the 
sum demanded does not exceed two hundred dollars. 

They may try certain other civil actions where the value of the 
property in controversy or the amount claimed for damages does not 
exceed fifty dollars. 

They try criminal cases arising within their counties the punish- 
ment of which fixed by law cannot exceed a fine of fifty dollars or 
imprisonment for thirty days. 



I 



Corporation Commission. 71 

NORTH CAROLINA CORPORATION COMMISSION. 
A. J. Maxwell, Clerk. 

The North Carolina Corporation Commission was established by an 
act of the General Assembly of 1899. superseding the Railroad Com- 
mission, which was established in 1891. The offices of the Commis- 
sion are located in the Agricultural Building at Raleigh. 

The Commission has general supervision over all railroad, tele- 
graph, telephone, street railway, steamboat, canal, waterworks, and 
all other companies exercising the right of eminent domain. 

It is authorized to hear and adjust complaints, to fix and revise 
tariffs of all railroads and all other transportation companies. 

The Commission is a Board of Appraisers and Assessors for all the 
railroads and other corporations mentioned above. 

The Commission is also a State Tax Commission, having and exer- 
cising general supervision over the tax-listers and assessing officers 
of the State. 

In 1899 the Commission was given supervision of all State bahks. 
Since that time there have been only two failui-es of State banks in 
which creditors lost anything, and in these two the losses were small. 
State banks have increasetl in number during the last ten years from 
118 to 382, with a corresponding increase in resources. The Commis- 
sion has authority to appoint Bank Examiners, whose duties are to 
examine the various banks of the State and report to the Commission. 

COMPLAINTS. 

The Commission has heard 4,230 complaints. These complaints 
consist principally of overcharges, discriminations, freight service, 
failure of railroad companies to provide cars for ti-ansporting freights, 
storage charges, petitions for depots and sidings. 

The Commission is authorized to make rules for the handling of 
freight, and to require the building of depots, etc. 

When the complaint is filed, the attention of the company com- 
plained against is called to the cause of the complaint; and if the 
matter be such that cannot be settled by correspondence alone, the 
officers of the company complained against are cited to appear. In a 
large majority of cases these claims are amicably settled to the en- 
tire satisfaction of the parties concerned and without cost to the com- 



72 Judicial Depabtment. 

plaiuant ; others have, however, required hearings. The records of 
the Commission show that many complaints and claims, aggregating 
thousands of dollars, have been paid to shippers. Union and other 
stations have been established all along the A^arious lines of railroads. 

CORKESPON DEN CE. 

The correspondence of the office has been voluminous — many in- 
quiries touching taxation and matters pertaining to corporations, etc. 
Shippers have found that by applying to this office they can be ad- 
vised of the proper freight rates and of the rules governing the trans- 
portation of freight to and from all points, and they are taking ad- 
vantage of the opportunity. Much correspondence is necessary in 
the preparation of cases and the gathering of such statistics as are 
contemplated by law. All of this involves a vast amount of labor 
and correspondence. 

ASSESSMENT AND VALUATION OF RAILROAD, TELEGRAPH, TELEPHONE AND 
STREET RAILWAY PROPERTY BY THE CORPORATION COMMISSION. 

In the year 1900 — the year after the Commission was established— 
the railroad properties of the State were valued at $12,321,704; in 
the year 1911 the Commission assessed and valued the properties of 
railroads and other coi-porations as mentioned below at $126,052,267. 

The valuations are as follows: 



CoKPORATioN Commission. 



73 



ASSESSMENT AND VALUATION OF RAILROAD, TELEGRAPH, TELEPHONE, 
STREET RAILWAY, STEAMBOAT, AND OTHER PROPERTY. 

RECAPITULATION. 



Companies. 



Mileage. 



Main 
Line. 



Sidings. 



Total 
Valuation. 



Atlantic Coast Line Railroad 

Norfolk Southern Railroad 

Seaboard Air Line Railway 

Southern Railway — owned lines 

Southern Railway — leased lines, etc. 
Miscellaneous railroads 



947.57 
492.36 
606.39 
590.08 
773.21 
1,198.61 



339.53 
84.90 
187.14 
134.27 
149.18 
124.51 



32,995,567 
6, 782,. 305 
17,500,000 
23,602,400 
23,039,296 
11,320,116 



Totals — railroads . 



4,608.22 



1,019.53 



115,239,684 



Electric light and gas companies- 
Bridge and canal companies 

Refrigerator companies 

Steamboat companies 

Flume companies 

Turnpike companies 

Telephone companies 

Street railway companies 

Waterworks companies 

Southern Express Co 

Pullman Co 

Telegraph companies..- 



Total- 



3,303,032 

151,350 

70,048 

71,710 

29,020 

13,025 

1,984,937 

2,559,943 

561,907 

800,000 

342,198 

925,413 



10,812,583 



Grand total. 



126,052,267 



TAXES PAID. 




Atlantic Coast Line _ 


S 303,477.76 


Norfolk Southern. . 


42 722 87 


Atlantic and North Carolina Division . .-. 


15,531.67 


Seaboard Air Line 


160,094.66 
431,957.16 


Southern Railway.. _ - 


Miscellaneous roads .. 


82 761 30 






Total 


1,036,545.42 





EARNINGS AND OPERATING EXPENSES. 





Earnings. 


Operating 
Expenses. 


Atlantic Coast Line 


$ 8,245,726.03 

2,401,367.10 

5,987,342.08 

13,894,676.15 

3,203,469.57 


$ 5,347,489.71 
1 489 917 16 


Norfolk Southern 


Seaboard Air Line __ . 


3,226,989.60 
8 250 175 34 


Southern Railway - .. 


Miscellaneous roads 


2,185,541.01 




Totals — all roads 


33,732,580.93 


20 500 112 82 







li 



i 



PART IV. 



ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS, BOARDS, 
AND COMMISSIONS. 



1. Department of Agriculture. 

2. Department of Labor and Printing. 

3. Department of Insurance. 

4. North Carolina Historical Commission. 

5. State Library of North Carolina. 

6. Library Commission of North Carolina. 

7. State Board of Health. 

8. Board of Public Charities. 

9. North Carolina Geological and Economic 

Survey. 

10. Board of Internal Improvements. 

11. North Carolina National Guard. 

12. State Prison. 



J 



I 



THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 
W. A. Graham, Commissioner. 

The Constitutiou of the State (1876) provides for a Department of 
Agriculture, Immigration and Statistics. Under tliis fundamental law 
the General Assembly established the Department of Agriculture in 
1877. (Chapter 274.) 

Since that time, it has been fostered and enlarged by the General 
Assembly, and its field expanded by the enterprise, energy, and capac- 
ity of its corps of workers, until it stands to-day without a rival in 
efficiency in the South. This reputation comes from without more 
than from within the State. It is a condition that the administration 
may well be proud of, since the fact retlouuds to the credit not only 
of the Board of Agriculture and those engaged by it in the work, but 
of the whole State. 

At present, the Board consists of ten members, one member from 
each Congressional District, who is appointed by the Governor and 
confirmed by the Senate, for terms of six years; and of the Commis- 
, sioner of Agriculture, who is, ex officio, a member of and chairman 
of the Board. All members are required by law to be practical 
farmers. 

The Commissioner of Agriculture, who is chief executive officer of 
the Department, was formerly elected by the Board ; but the Legisla- 
ture of 1899, in order to bring the Department in closer touch with 
the people, especially the farmers of the State, so changed the law as 
to make the Commissioner an elective officer. 

It is remarkable that, during all the changes of the years, the 
essential features of the original law have been retained, showing 
that the wise men who originated and developed the idea of a depart- 
ment for the betterment of the State's interests builded better than 
they knew. 

The Department is charged with the following : 

1. Investigations relating to the improvement of agriculture, the 
beneficial use of commercial fertilizers and composts, and to induce 
capital and labor to enter the State. 

2. With investigations for the improvement of milk and beef cattle, 
especially with investigations relating to the diseases of cattle and 
other domestic animals — having power to quarantine infected animals 
and to regulate the transportation of stock within the State. 



TS Administrative Departments. 

3. With investigations of the ravages of insects injuriously affecting 
market gardens, fruits, etc., and with dissemination of information 
essential for their abatement. 

4. With investigations directed to the introduction and fostering of 
new agricultural industries adapted to the various soils and climate 
of the State. 

5. With investigations relative to the subject of drainage and irri- 
gation, and mineral and domestic sources of fertilizer, including com- 
posting, etc. 

6. With the collection of information relating to the subject of 
farm fences, etc. 

7. With the enforcement of the laws enacted for the sale of com- 
mercial fertilizers, seeds, food products, and with authority to make 
regulations concerning the same. 

8. With the dissemination of information relative to the advantages 
of soil and climate, and to the natural resources and industrial op-' 
portuuities offered in the State. 

To these have been added : 

The issuing of monthly bulletins ; 

The Museum ; ' 

Farmers' Institutes ; 

Soil Survey ; 

Enforcement by regulations of 

The Pure Food Law ; 

Concentrated Commercial Feeding-stuff Law ; 

Cotton-seed Meal Law ; 

Law regulating the statistics of leaf tobacco ; 

Crop-pest Commission ; 

Law regulating the standard-weight packages of meal and flour ; 

Registration and sale of condimental, patented, proprietary or 
trade-mark stock or poultry tonics, regulators or conditioners ; 

The inspection of illuminating oils and fluids ; 

Law to prevent and punish the sale of adulterated, impure, or 
misbranded agricultural and vegetable seed and those lacking via- 
bility. 

• The propagation of fish has been undertaken by the National Gov- 
ernment to such an extent as to render work as to migratory fish un- 
necessary by the Department. But the building of stone dams across 
the rivers in the Piedmont section in many cases — notably the Ca- 



Department of Agriculture. 



79 



lawba ;md Yaclkiu rivers — practically destroyed the inland movement 
of these fish. The Department will endeavor to have investigations 
made as to the practicability of restocking streams with varieties of 
local kinds of native fish. 

The rapid spread of the "Stock Law" over the State has rendered 
unnecessary any action by the Board as to fences, as this is now 
largely local. A map showing the stock law and no stock law, quar- 
antine and free territory in the State has recently been issued. 

The Department is, to a considerable extent, a sub-legislature. The 
Legislature, in committing to its execution specified laws, confers upon 
the Board power to make regulations for this purpose, which are 
given the authority of law, and violation of them is made a misde- 
meanor, cognizable by the courts. The power to confer this authority 
has been tested in the courts and approved by decision of the Su- 
preme Court. The wisdom of this action is apparent to any one giv- 
ing the subject consideration. If the details were enacted by the 
Legislature they could only be changed by the same authority, and 
would have to remain as enacted for at least two years, no matter 
how impracticable any of them might be found in execution, while 
under present conditions, the Board at each session has full authority 
to alter existing regulations so as to answer the condition arising. 

No body of the State's officers has more important duties to per- 
form, nor do more efficient work in the same length of time. 

statistics. 

The following statistics will show some of the results of the work 
of the Department. 

North Carolina produced in — 





1860. 


1909. 


1911. 


Corn 


30,000,000 bushels. 

4,743,706 bushels. 

145,514 bales. 


34,000,000 bushels. 

3,827,045 bushels. 

665,132 bales. 


50,000,000 bushels. 


Wheat 


7,433,000 bushels. 


Cotton. 


1,196,000 bales. 











DRAINAGE. 



The Department has arranged with the National Department for 
an expert in this work who will give information to the farmers con- 
cerning the drainage of creeks, cutting ditches, and laying tiles. 



80 Administrative Departments. 

veterinary division. 

The Division of VeterinaiT Science is under the direction of Dr. W. 
G. Chrisman. whose services are devoted to giving information as to 
the care and feeding of farm animals, improvement of live stock, 
treatment of diseases, the gradual extermination of the tick, which 
is the source of the deadly Texas or splenic fever. 

The Veterinarian has two assistants in the Veterinary .Division 
and three in Dairy Demonstration and erection of silos. Serum 
for vaccination of hogs to prevent the spread of cholera is manu- 
factured by this division. 

anticholera serum. 

Ninety-five per cent of the hogs vaccinated escaped cholera. The 
Department is now prepared to supply all requests for serum, and it 
is expected that the scourge of cholera will be much abated. 

cattle quarantine and eradication of the fever TICK. 

The United States and State laws concerning the eradication of the 
cattle tick are simply improvements on the act of the Legislature of 
1795 concerning the driving of cattle from the oak to the long-leaf 
pine sections of the State, which was continued as a statute until the 
Revisal of 1905. The disease was called murrain or distemper, and 
its malignity known, but not for a century was the cause ascertained 
and direct effort made for cure and eradication. 

Starting in 1S99. with the crest of the Blue Ridge as the location 
of the quarantine line, it has been moved east to the Roanoke River 
in Warren County as the northern boundary, and to the Pee Dee in 
Anson as the southern boundary of the State. This quarantine line is 
established by the F. S. Agricultural Department. The movement of 
cattle is restricted to a few months each year and subject to inspec- 
tions and regulations, while exempted territory is free from impedi- 
ments. The price of cattle in the exempted section (that which is 
free of the tick) is thought to be one cent per pound live weight over 
that in the quarantined sections. The value of exemption is appar- 
ent. The stock law tends to destroy the tick, and where it has pre- 
vailed for several years, few ticks being found, the county is soon 
declared free. 



Department of Agriculture. 81 

At the suggestion of this Department, infected, counties or parts of 
counties have been quarantined, and the clear territory has been 
given the benefit of exemption. 

farmers' institutes. 

Mr. T. B. Parker is the director of the institutes. They have been 
greatly extended under his direction and are now held in every county 
in the State. 

Meetings of farmers to hear matters pertaining to their vocation 
discussed by scientific men and also by practical farmers have met 
with great encouragement in the numbers attending and interest 
shown in the proceedings, and the beneficial results to farming in the 
communities where the institutes are held are very evident. 

Realizing that while "A good farmer without, it is needful there 
be," that "A good housewife within is as needful as he," institutes 
for the benefit of the farmers' wives and daughters were introduced 
in 1907. They have been well attended and have been equally as 
beneficial in the advancement of agricultural conditions as have the 
institutes for the men; usually one joint session is held at each 
institute. 

There were held in 1912, 235 regular farmers' institutes and 230 
women's institutes, besides the round-up institute at the A. and M. 
College. The attendance aggregated 39,368 men and 20,2GS women ; 
total, 59,336. 

CHEMISTRY. 

]\Ir. B. W. Kilgore is in charge of the Division of Chemistry, which 
makes analyses of fertilizer, cotton-seed meal, feed and foodstuffs, 
soils, minerals and marls, waters, etc. 

The following is the law as to deficient fertilizers (Revisal 1905, 
sec. 3949) : 

Sec. 3949. Sale of fertilizer 'below guaranteed quality; poicers 
and duties of Commissioner; penalty for fraud. Whenever the Com- 
missioner of Agriculture shall be satisfied that any fertilizer is 5 per 
cent below the guaranteed value in plant food, it shall be his duty to 
assess such deficiency against the manufacturer of the fertilizer and 
require that twice the value of the deficiency be made good to any 
person who purchases for his own use such low-grade fertilizer ; and 
should any fertilizer fall 10 per cent below the guaranteed value in 

6 



82 Administrative Departments. 

plant food, it sliall be bis duty to assess tbree times tbe value of 
sucb deficiency against tbe manufacturer of tbe fertilizer and require 
tbe same to be paid to tbe consumer of sucb fertilizer; and tbe Com- 
missioner may seize any fertilizer belonging to sucb manufacturer if 
tbe deficiency sball not be paid witbin tbirty days after notice to 
sucb manufacturer. If the Commissioner sball be satisfied tbat sucb 
deficiency in plant food was due to tbe intention of tbe manufacturer 
of tbe same to defraud, tben be sball assess and collect from tbe said 
manufacturer double the amount of the deficiency which be would 
have assessed and collected as hereinbefore provided, and pay the 
same over to tbe consumer of sucb fertilizer. If any manufacturer 
shall resist sucb collection or payment, tbe Commissioner sball imme- 
diately publish the analysis and tbe facts in tbe Bulletin and in such 
newspapers in tbe State as he may deem necessary. 

By section 3950, it is unlawful to sell or offer for sale in this State 
any fertilizer or fertilizing material which contains hair, hoof meal, 
born, leather scraps or other deleterious substances not available as 
food for plants, but in which such forbidden materials aid in making 
up the required or guai'anteed analysis. 

Mr. B. W. Kilgore also superintends experiments at the Test Farms. 

SOIL SURVEY AND TEST FARMS AND FARM DEMONSTRATION WORK. 

This is conducted, like tbe cattle quarantine, in conjunction with 
tbe U. S. Agricultural Department, tbe expenses being defrayed by 
each Department. The object is to locate the different types of soil 
in tbe State. Upon these types it is desired to locate test farms for 
practical and scientific purposes. Test farms have been established 
in Edgecombe County, at Willard Station in Pender County, States- 
ville, Blantyre in Transylvania County, near Swannanoa in Buncombe 
County, and arrangements are on foot to establish one in the old 
tobacco belt at Oxford and another in tbe newly drained black lands 
of eastern North Carolina in Beaufort County. Tbe effort is to con- 
duct these farms for the benefit of tbe crops grown in each section, 
first on small plats and then on a large scale, showing results of 
different kinds and amounts of home-made and commercial fertilizers, 
preparation of land, cultivation and rotation of crops and demon- 
stration work. 



d 



Department of Agriculture. 83 

As it might be supposed that all children of the same parents 
would be exactly alike, so it might be inferred that all soils coiiiposed 
from decomposition of the same rocks would be identical ; but this is 
known to be true in neither case. 

By demonstration work on different fields in the same locality, or 
type of soil, the variations of each can be ascertained, and the ma- 
nures prepared and cultivation suitable learned. 

The Demonstrator of the Department, as requested or as oppor- 
tunity offers, can visit localities of the State, make suggestions upon 
these lines, and gather statistics for promotion of the work. This 
bureau of the work is under the direction of Mr. T. B. Parker, of 
Wayne County, a successful, practical farmer. The Demonstrator is 
the Director of Farmers' Institutes. The National Department is 
doing a large amount of work along this line and there is hearty co- 
operation between the two departments. 

Mr. E. L. Worthen has conducted the work in Soil Investigation. 

PURE FOOD DIVISION". 

In charge of W. M. Allen, Food Chemist. 

The Food Law was passed by the General Assembly of 1S99. It 
was amended in 1905 and rwlrafted and passed as a new act in 1907. 

The law forbids the manufacture or sale of adulterated or mis- 
branded food or beverages and charges the Department of Agriculture 
with its enforcement. 

Inspections are made throughout the State and samples collected 
for analyses. The samples are examined for adulteration and the 
results published, showing the brand name of the article and the 
name and address of the manufacturer. The first report was pub- 
lished as the Department Bulletin for December, 1900. Since that 
time similar reports have been published annually. 

Since the law went into effect examinations have been made of 
8,1(51 samples of food materials. 

The number of samples examined each year and the per cent of 
adulteration found were as follows : 

1900. Samples examined, 507: per cent adulteration, 5G.0 

1901. Samples examined, 308; per cent adulteration. 35.7 

1902. Samples examined. 589; per cent adulteration. 21.3 

1903. Samples examined, 477; per cent adulteration, 32.1 



&i 



Administrative Departments. 



1904. Samples examined, 347; per ceut aclulteration, 17.0 

1905. Samples examined, 317; per cent adulteration, 42.2 
190G. Samples examined, 544 ; per cent adulteration, 24.7 

1907. Samples examined, 560; per cent adulteration, 29.8 

1908. Samples examined, 684 ; per cent adulteration, 16.45 

1909. Samples examined, 721 ; per cent adulteration, 21.35 

1910. Samples examined, 919 ; per cent adulteration, 16.21 

1911. Samples examined, 906 ; per cent adulteration, 24.61 

1912. Samples examined, 1,282 ; per cent adulteration, .... 

There are two classes of adulterants found in food : 

1. Substances which are deleterious to health, and 

2. Substances which merely render the food less valuable. 

The use of the first is prohibited ; the second can be used, provided 
their presence is made known to the purchaser. 

Much of the food and beverages sold in the State is in the hands 
of unintelligent men, who can be imposed upon by shrewd and un- 
scrupulous manufacturers. Owing to various complications the en- 
forcement of the Food Law is far more difficult than one not familiar 
with the situation would think. 

FEED INSPECTION. 

George M. MacMder, Feed Chemist, has conducted the analyses. 

The Legislature of 1903 passed a law regulating the sale and adul- 
teration of feeds in North Carolina. This law was amended in 1909, 
and is similar to the Fertilizer Law. It has for its object that all 
feeds sold in North Carolina shall be pure and unadulterated. 

It requires the Commissioner of Agriculture to employ Feed Inspect- 
ors, whose duty it is to visit the different towns in the State, see 
that the law is complied with as to the branding of bags, weight of 
bags, and to take samples of all feeds. These samples are examined 
microscopically in the towns in which they are found, and if adulter- 
ated are immediately withdrawn from sale. 

All samples collected are analyzed by the Feed Chemist, and the 
results, along with such additional information as circumstances may 
advise, are published in the Bulletins of the Department of Agri- 
culture. 

In enforcing the law, there are four main objects in view : 

1. To stop the sale of adulterated feeds in North Carolina. 



Department of Agriculture. 85 

2. To educate the consumers to buy feed according to the analyses 
on the bags, just as he buys his fertilizer by an analysis. 

3. To teach the dairymen and farmers the best way to combine 
their home-grown feeds with those they are compelled to buy to get 
the greatest benefit from the amount consumed. 

4. To stimulate a desire on the part of the consumers for better 

entomology. 

The work of this Division includes the inspection of fruit trees, 
which are not allowed to be sold in this State unless declared free 
from disease. Experts are sent to examine all nurseries for insect 
pests, and many commercial orchards are inspected. Directions are 
furnished for preparation of material for spraying, and for its appli- 
cation. The San Jos6 scale is being controlled in many places, and 
further damage prevented by directions sent from this office. Other 
insect pests and diseases have been prevented or cured, and much 
valuable information given the people of the State on matters per- 
taining to insects of all kinds. This Division is under the direction 
of Mr. Franklin Sherman, Jr., a thorough and enthusiastic worker. 

HORTICULTURE. 

Mr. W. X. Hutt supervises this Division. Its work is devoted to 
promoting the interests of trucking, the home and market garden, 
also the culture, preservation and marketing the fruits of the State. 

The test farm in Pender County is used in connection with the 
trucking interests of the eastern part of the State. On this farm, 
$1,500 was realized from the sale of the lettuce raised on one and 
one-fourth acres of land. 

The Blantyre farm in Transylvania County will be used largely to 
illustrate the culture, harvesting and marketing of fruit and the 
prevention and cure of diseases of fruit trees, and for demonstration 
in reforestation. 

Mr. Hutt has recently held in the apple section a short series of 
institutes to illustrate the proper packing of fruit for shipment. In- 
stitutes on pruning, spraying, etc., were held in proper season. 

For three successive years the exhibit of apples from North Caro- 
lina has taken the sweepstake prize at the exhibits at the National 
Horticultural Congress, and the western part of the State is now re- 
garded as one of the most important apple-growing sections of the 



86 Administrativk Departments. 

Nation, both in quantity and quality. Tlie section adjacent to South- 
ern Pines is noted for its peaches, pears, and plums. Mr. S. B. Shaw- 
is Assistant Horticulturist. 

AGRONOMY. 

J. L. Burgess is the Agronomist of the Department. Under his 
direction experiments in plant breeding and selection are conducted 
upon the test farms and the farms of individuals in different sections 
of the State. This work is very valuable in giving information on 
these subjects. 

BOTANY AND SEED INSPECTION. 

Miss O. I. Tillman is Botanist of the Department. The inspection 
prevents the introduction of seeds of noxious weeds into the State 
and enables the farmer to ascertain, before purchasing, the quality 
of the seed as to purity and germination. 

INSPECTION OF ILLUMINATING OILS. 

Mr. Garland Jones. Jr., Oil Chemist, has charge of this work. The 
quality of the oil has been kept at a good standard and the price has 
not been increased. When the law was enacted there were four 
tirms transacting business in this State; at the present time there 
are nineteen. 

THE BULLETIN. 

The Bulletin is issued monthly, each month being devoted to a par- 
ticular subject. Its value seems to be appreciateil both within and 
without the State, as is attested by its continually increasing mailing 
list, which is now nearly 30,000. an increase of 8.000 in four years. 
Besides the regular monthly Bulletin, special papers are issued when 
deemetl of enough importance to justify the expense. 

THE MUSEUM. 

The State Geologist had, since the establishment of his Department 
in 1850. collected specimens of different kinds, principally of miner- 
als, representing the natural resources of the State. In 1879, the 
care of the Museum and expense of maintenance were transferred to 
the Department of Agriculture. A building has been erected for its 
occupancy, and its contents greatly increased. It is now by far 
the most extepsive in its contents of anything of its nature south of 



Department of Agriculture. 87 

Philadelphia, save the National Museum at Washington, D. C. To 
it, more than any other source, is attributable the fine displays the 
State has made at International, National and State Expositions. It 
is the State's object-lesson, representing its resources in agriculture, 
timber, minerals, fishes, birds, game animals, and flora and fauna iu 
general. 

It is under the efiicient management of Mr. H. H. Brimley as Cura- 
tor, who has ably filled the position for fifteen years, and added 
much in value and number to the contents. 

As articles affected by time become undesirable they are replaced. 
The idea is to keep the Museum constantly growing, with no chance 
for stagnation. 

" HALL OF HISTORY. 

The Hall of History, so important a feature of the great State Mu- 
seum, was begun in 1903, and in the time which has intervened, a 
collection of objects illustrating every period of the life of North 
Carolina, as Province, Colony, and State, has been so rapid that the 
number of objects considerably exceeds 5,000. The collection is par- 
ticularly rich in objects of the Colonial and Revolutionary periods 
and that of the Civil War. The Director has made several journeys 
in the State, all resulting in marked additions to the collection. The 
gifts, in the way of paintings, photographs, etc., already exceed 
,$1,500 in value. Many lectures have been delivered each year in the 
Hall of History, and this object-lesson, the finest in the South, has 
proved a great stimulus to historical research and popular interest 
in the history of North Carolina. The collection has been made by 
and is in charge of Col. F. A. Olds, as Director, and the objects 
therein are either gifts or loans. Any persons having possession of, 
or knowing of the location of objects which have a bearing upon 
North Carolina history in any way, are particularly requested to in- 
form the Director of this fact, as objects are thoroughly protected 
against injury by moths or other insects and are set before the pul>- 
lic in the most attractive way. 

IMMIGRATION. 

In charge of Elias Carr, Secretary of the Board of Agriculture. 

The Legislature in 1909 repealed the act of 1907 concerning immi- 
gration. There are now no agents of the State employed iu foreign 
countries ; a few young men come from Scotland each year, and 



88 



Administrative Departments. 



laud aiid immigration companies bring some people to tlie State each 
year, but no report is made to the Department ; however, it cooper- 
ates with them as far as practicable. 

The Department has no lands of the State for sale, and can make 
no contracts, warrant titles, or do any work of like nature. It can 
only put parties desiring to purchase property in the State in commu- 
nication with citizens who have property to sell, and leave them to 
perfect sales, if it is found desirable. 

Many letters are received from persons from the States of the 
Middle West requesting information as to the resources of the State, 
and several hundred have each year purchased homes. The Depart- 
ment had arranged to place exhibits at the fairs in these States, but 
this was abandoned when the law was repealed. 

SALES OF LEAF TOBACCO. 

Chapter 97, Laws 1907, requires the Department to preserve a rec- 
ord of the leaf tobacco sold on the floors of the warehouses of the 
State, and publish it monthly. Each warehouse is required to furnish 
an account of its sales, and is guilty of a misdemeanor for failure. 



DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND PRINTING. 

M. L. Shipman, Commissioner. 

The Department of Labor and Printing was established by the 
Legislature of 1887 as the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Under this 
head its activities had to do with gathering and presenting statistics 
of industrial conditions. A high standard was set for this work, and 
it has ever since been the policy of the office to improve upon its own 
work from year to year. The annual report is now recognized as 
one of the most succinct examples of statistical work issued in the 
United States. The matter has been boiled down, so to speak, and 
one chief aim has been to present the greatest possible information 
in the least possible space, accomplishing thereby two very desirable 
ends, i. c, ease of reference and convenience, and a minimum ex- 
pense. Its circulation includes every State in the Union, and many 
foreign countries. The report is the chief medium by which the 
State's growth and progress is placed before the world. The number 
of requests for copies attests its worth. 



Department of Labor and Printing. 89 

When the public printing had become of such importance that the 
old practice of assumption that it would take care of itself was proven 
inadequate and unsatisfactory, the duty of systematizing and super- 
intending this work was added to the duties of the office. (Chapter 
373, Public Laws of 1S99.) Since that time the growth of the State 
has been great, its progress indeed wonderful. Keeping pace with this 
progress, the Department of Labor and Printing shows a record of 
quality and economy in performance not touched by any other Com- 
monwealth, and approached by but few. 

The Commissioner, Mr. Shipman, and the assistant, Mr. Justice, 
place especial emphasis on their invitation to the people of the State 
to make use of the Department. Any questions bearing on subjects 
touched by the report will be gladly answered, wherever possible; 
correspondence cheerfully and promptly attended to. 

The following quotation from the Manual of 1911 still holds : 

"The handling of the public printing has been brought down to the 
point where figures as to specifications and cost may be given before 
or after performance, which information serves well where economy 
enters as largely into any proposition as it does iuto the public print- 
ing. Changes in practice are made as often as it is found that 
improvement can be made, and the policy of the office at the present 
time makes impossible any of the abuses obtaining under the arrange- 
ment in force prior to the placing of the public printing under the 
Department's charge. 

"Before a single item of printing expense is paid for by the State, 
the account of the printer is examined, accompanied by an inspection 
of the work itself, by a man who himself knows the printing business. 
Every pound of paper purchased is bought by the State to fit the 
pax-ticular need, and is subject to the decision of the expert of the 
Department — himself, according to the provisions of the act, a 'prac- 
tical printer.' The records of purchases of paper show a great sav- 
ing along this line also. 

"The work of the Department of Labor and Printing is necessarily 
done away from the public eye. The watchful auditing of thousands 
of dollars of accounts, the economical purchase of thousands of 
dollars of supplies, the skillful exposition and appraisement of indus- 
trial facts is not spectacular labor, but a work of the highest value 
and largest returns." 



90 



Administrative Departments, 



THE DEPARTMENT OF INSURANCE. 
James R. Young, Commissioner. 

Prior to 1899 the supervision of insurance companies of North Caro- 
lina was in the hands of the Secretary of State, who received certain 
fees and was allowed $1,000 for clerical help. The Legislature of 
1899 created the Insurance Department and placed the present Com- 
missioner in charge of it. The insurance laws as set forth in the 
Revisal of 1905, with amendments thereto, are looked upon as the 
best code of insurance laws of any Southern State and are certainly 
admirably adapted to the conditions prevailing in this section. As 
revenue producers the law and Department are a success, and while 
the benefits accruing from a proper supervision of insurance com- 
panies in the State cannot be measureil in dollars and cents, they are, 
in the opinion of those in a position to know, of much more value to 
the State and her citizens than the revenue collected. 

The duties required of the Insurance Commissioner are as impor- 
tant and involve as much work and responsibility as those of any 
other department in the State Government. In addition to this, the 
Insurance Commissioner is taken from his office about one-third of 
the time by official duties. The work of the Department calls for as 
much clerical ability and labor as the work of any other department. 
No part of the work should be neglected, and it is increasing every 
year, and becomes of more and more value to the State and her citi- 
zens. The efficiency of the Department can only be kept up by allow- 
ing sufficient clerical force, and this will call for such help as is com- 
mensurate with, and demanded by, the development and rapid in- 
crease of the work of the Department. The Commissioner should be 
relieved, as far as possible, of clerical work. He is worth more to 
the State in discharging the other duties of his office. 

Under the law it is made the duty of the Commissioner to collect 
all licenses, taxes and fees due the State by any company or associa- 
tion under the supervision of his Department. 

The Secretary of State paid into the State Treasury in 1S9S, .$84,- 
879.28, and this was the largest amount ever reported for any one 
year prior to the creation of the Department. 



Insurance Department. 91 

The amounts collected since by the Insurance Commissioner and 
paid into the State Treasury are : 

For year 1899 $ 92,865.21 

For year 1900 91,077.92 

For year 1901 132,034.03 

For year 1902 153,667.12 

For year 1903 174,633.60 

For year 1904 197,402.28 

For year 1905 205,124.07 

For year 1906 215,330.89 

For year 1907 .• 1 224,680.23 

For year 1908 234,469.63 

For year 1909 246,566.89 

For year 1910 270,300.08 

For year 1911 285,040.50 

Total $2,523,192.45 

The above figures do not include the special amounts collected from 
insurance companies for the publication of their statements and the 
investigation of fires. These are special funds, and are collected and 
must be used only for the special objects named. The investigation 
of incendiary fires in the State is paid out of a fund collected of the 
fire insurance companies and does not cost the State one cent. 

The Commissioner is paid a salary of $3,500 per annum and 
allowed $6,900 for clerical help, which can only be used for this pur- 
pose. During seven years of the Department the Commissioner 
collected and paid to the State Treasurer, of the class of fees for- 
merly allowed the Secretary of State for his services in this behalf, 
as follows : 

For year 1899 $ 9,184.00 

Foryear 1900 5,731.50 

For year 1901 10,732.50 

For vear 1902 11,168.50 

For year 1903 13,240.00 

For year 1904 16,476.50 

For year 1905 16,750.50 

Total $83,283.50 

The salary of the Commissioner during these years was $2,000 per 
annum. So it will be seen that, taking off the salary allowed the 
Commissioner for seven years, there is left a balance of $69,288.50 



! 



02 Administrative Departments. 

saved to the State out of the class of fees formerly allowed the Sec- 
retary of State as his salary for looking after insurance companies. 

The Legislature of 1907, seeing the necessity of additional clerical 
force to do the increased work in the Department, increased the force 
by adding an actuary, a bookkeeper and a license clerk, and placed 
all the clerks in the Department upon a salary. These salaries 
amount to $6,900 annually. The same class of fees referred to above 
amounted in the year 190(3 to $18,006.80; in 1907 to $19,166.60; in 
1908 to $23,493.90 ; in 1909 to $2.5,322.32, making a total of $85,989.02, 
showing, after taking ofE the salary of the Commissioner, even with 
the increase of the number of employees made necessary by the 
growth of the Department, that the amount of fees collected as above 
and paid into the State Treasury amount to about four times as 
much as these salaries in the Department. The collections for the 
same class of fees for 1910 and 1911 show an increase and make an 
even greater ratio of comparison. The money now collected and paid 
into the State Treasury of this class of fees amounts annually to over 
twice the whole cost of the Department. 

One great benefit that has accrued from the North Carolina insur- 
ance laws and the work of the Department has been the organization 
of home insurance companies and the placing of considerable insur- 
ance in them, thus keeping at home much of home money spent for 
insurance. 

In 1899 there were only six home fire companies doing business in 
the State. They wrote only 10 per cent of the risks and received 
$123,471.26, or 12 per cent of the premiums, while in 1909 there were 
20 home companies which wrote $142,584,653.64 of the fire risks, and 
received therefor $2,326,675.02. It further appears that our home 
companies in 1909 not only received 22^5 per cent— over one-fifth— of 
all fire premiums for insurance written in the State, but received as 
premiums for insurance on property outside of the State $1,460,910.30. 

In 1899 there was only one home life insurance company (and that 
an assessment one) doing business in North Carolina, with $479.35 in 
assets. In 1909 there were, including assessment, twenty-five home 
life companies. The five legal reserve companies reported in assets 
$3,342,918.56. The reports of the five North Carolina home legal 
reserve life companies show as their receipts during 1909, $1,532,388.59, 
and as risks at the end of the year in insurance $36,117,030. 



Insubance Department. 93 

The North Carolina or home companies continue to show marked 
improvement each year, not only in the amount of business transacted, 
but in a steady and solid growth in financial ability and safety. It is 
gratifying, or should be, to every citizen of the State to know that he 
can not only keep his money in the State for investment by patronizing 
home companies, but that he is fully protected by the financial stand- 
ing of the companies in so doing. 

It is worthy of note that while there have been startling disclosures 
as to contributions by life insurance companies to political campaign 
funds and other graft or fraud, none has been perpetrated by the life 
companies domiciled in North Carolina. The insurance conditions in 
the State are very gratifying, and promise much in the future in 
aiding the industrial progress and upbuilding of the State. 

The Legislature of 1905 placed all building and loan associations 
under the supervision of the Insurance Commissioner. There were 
then forty-three associations doing business in the State. There are 
now over 115 associations working in the State and no class of corpo- 
rations is doing more in building up our cities and towns and provid- 
ing homes for our citizens, especially the working classes. Associa- 
tions are being organized rapidly throughout the State. The owner- 
ship of homes is very conducive to good citizenship and progress. At 
the close of business in 1911 one hundred associations reported in 
assets $8,457,559.39, and as loaned out to build or pay for homes 
$8,084,441.31. 

The Insurance Commissioner represents the State in all its deal- 
ings with insurance companies, associations and orders. He must 
pass upou applications of companies under his Department and decide 
whether to license them, and then supervise them and see that they 
comply with the law and treat the citizens of the State right or 
revoke their license to do business in the State. 

He must collect all licenses and taxes due the State by companies 
and associations under his Department. 

He must collect reports of all fires in the State and investigate all 
suspicious ones and have all persons suspected of incendiarism prose- 
cuted where the evidence justifies it. One hundred and thirty-four 
persons have been convicted under this law since it was passed, and 
served their sentences in prisons. 

He must see that the laws regulating the erection and inspection 
of buildings are observed. Better buildings mean fewer fires and 



94 Administrativk Departments. 

lower fire insurance rates. Seventy-five thousand dollars annually 
is now saved in fire premiums by this law. He must look into all 
violations of the insurance law and hear all complaints made by the 
citizens of the State against companies under his supervision and see 
that the citizen is protected in his rights. 

He must Iveep all State property insured as provided by law, and 
annually inspect all State institutions and buildings, with a view to 
the protection from fire of them and their inmates. 

Since the formation of this Department in 1899 and the adoption 
of the present insurance laws there has been a gradual but decided 
improvement in the insurance conditions of the State. Better prac- 
tices prevail and there is less friction between the people and this 
class of corporations. Contracts have been improved and rates re- 
duced, and will, no doubt, be still further reduced under the present 
insurance laws and their strict enforcement, although the citizens of 
the State are now paying over $225,000 annually for their fire insur- 
ance less than the.v would pay at the rates prevailing in any other 
Southern State. 

The Insurance Department has never had since its fox'mation per- 
manent or adequate quarters in which to transact its rapidly increas- 
ing business. This has always hampered the Commissioner and his 
force in carrying on the work, and should have been remedied before. 
The large business being yearly transacted demands proper and ade- 
quate files, that the business may be elficiently done, while the value 
and importance of the Department records and statistics are such as 
to demand their safe-keeping and filing for ready reference by the 
Department and citizens of the State. 

Any further information about the Department will be furnished 
upon application to the Commissioner. 



THE NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION. 

R. D. W. Connor, Secretary, BalcUjh, ~S. C. 

The North Carolina Historical Commission was created b.v an act 
of the Legislature of 1903. It consists of five members appointed by 
the Governor for terms of six years. They receive no salary, or per 
diem, but are allowed their actual expenses when attending to their 
official duties. 



Historical Commission. 95 

The offices of the Commission are iii the State Administratiou 
Building, a new fire-proof structure erected under an act of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1911. 

The duties of the Commission are as follows : 

1. To have collected from the files of old newspapers, court records, 
church records, private collections and elsewhere, historical data per- 
taining to the history of North Carolina and the territory included 
therein from the earliest times. 

2. To have such material properly edited, published by the State 
Printer as other State printing, and distributed under the direction 
of the Commission. 

3. To care for the pi-oper marking and preservation of battle-fields, 
houses, and other places celebrated in the history of the State. 

4. To diffuse knowledge in reference to the history and resources 
of Nortli Carolina. 

5. To encourage the study of the history of North Carolina in the 
schools of the State, and to stiinulate and encourage historical investi- 
gation and research among the people of the State. 

6. To make a biennial report of its receipts and disbursements, its 
work and needs, to the Governor, to be by him transmitted to the 
General Assembly. 

The powers of the Commission are as follows : 

1. To adopt a seal for use in official business. 

2. To adopt rules for its own government not inconsistent with the 
provisions of the law. 

3. To fix a reasonable price for its publications and to devote the 
revenue arising from such sales to extending the work of the Com- 
mission. 

4. To employ a secretary. 

5. To control the expenditure of such funds as may be appropriated 
for its maintenance. 

GENERAI, SUMMARY. 

Following is a general summary of the work of the Historical Com- 
mission : 

1. The Commission has saved from destruction, classified and filed 
14,754 letters and other documents of the Executive Department, 
from the administration of Governor Caswell. 1777, to that of Gov- 
ernor Vance. 1870. 



96 Administrative Departments. 

2. It Ijas secured for the State the following private collections, 
numbering many thousands of valuable manuscripts: letters and 
papers of Gov. Zebulou B. Vance, Judge James Iredell, Gen. Bryan 
Grimes. Mrs. Cornelia P. Spencer, Gov. David L. Swain, Editor E. J. 
Hale, Dr. Calvin H. Wiley, Hon. John H. Bryan, Gov. Jonathan 
Worth, Col. William L. Saunders, Gov. William A. Graham, the Petti- 
grew family, Gov. Charles B. Aycock, Judge Archibald D. Murphey, 
and several smaller collections. 

3. It has issued the following publications : "Public Education in 
North Carolina, 1790-1840: A Documentary History," 2 vols.; "The 
Correspondence of Jonathan Worth," 2 vols ; "Literary and Historical 
Activities in North Carolina, 1900-1905" ; "A Legislative Manual of 
North Carolina" for 1909, 1911, and 1913, and thirteen bulletins. 

4. It recovered for the State, through the gift of the Italian Gov- 
ernment, Canova's famous statue of Washington. 

5. It has erected in the rotunda of the capitol a marble bust of 
William A. Graham ; and obtained, without cost to the State, similar 
busts of Matt. W. Ransom, Samuel Johnston, and John M. More- 
head. 

It has assisted a large number of students in their investigations 
into North Carolina history, and gave information about the history 
of the State wherever it was possible, and has encouraged in many 
ways the study of our history in the schools of the State. 

MEMBERS OF THE HISTORICAL COMMISSION. 

W. J. Peele 1903- 

J. D. HxjFHAM 1903-1905. 

r. A. SoNDLEY ...1903-1905. 

Richard Dillard 1903-1905. 

R. D. W. Connor 1903-1907. 

Charles L. Raper 1905-1907. 

Thomas W. Blount 1905-1911. 

J. Bryan Grimes 1905- 

M. C. S. Noble 1907- 

D. H. Hn.L 1907- 

Thomas M. Pittman 1911- 

secretary. 
R. D. W. Connor 1903- 



State Library. 97 

THE STATE LIBRARY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

Miles O. Sherrill, Librarian. 

The State Library has become an agency of great importance in the 
educational development of North Carolina. The educational move- 
ment of recent years has awakened great interest in library work, 
and our people realize now more forcibly than ever before the value 
of this work. The patronage of the State Library by students in our 
schools and colleges and by the general public within the past two 
years has shown a marked growth and an increasing realization of the 
place of the Library in educational work. Not a day passes that 
students are not found in the Library, at work investigating various 
subjects connected with the history, industries, and general life of 
North Carolina, or with the great problems of the Nation, and of the 
world. This patronage is not confined to any particular school or race. 
It comes from the schools and colleges of Raleigh, of the State at 
large, from universities such as Johns Hopkins, Columbia, Harvard, 
and from students who are not connected with educational institu- 
tions at all. The practical politician studying modern problems 
comes along with the historian whose researches are among records 
centuries old. 

To meet all these various needs, the Trustees are directing their 
efforts to the building up of a great reference library. No works of 
fiction, unless they be by North Carolina authors, or portray North 
Carolina life, are purchased. The meager appropriation is better ex- 
pended, in the judgment of the Trustees, in the purchase of works 
of reference, history, biographies, treatises on problems of modern 
life, etc., etc. 

All works written by or about North Carolinians, or about North 
Carolina, are purchased. The North Carolina collection now -forms 
one of the most interesting and valuable features of the Library. 

Another peculiarly valuable feature of the Library is the collection 
of bound newspapers. This now contains 2,535 volumes. There is 
no other such collection of North Carolina newspapers in existence. 
Ranging in unbroken files from 1791 to date, they contain the history 
of the State during the most important periods of her existence. 

summary. 

Total number of volumes in Library 32, 246 

Total number of Government books 5,852 

Total number of boimd newspapers 2, 825 

Total number of boimd magazines 1, 629 

7 



98 



Administrative Departments. 



LIBRARY COMMISSION OF NORTH CAROLINA. 
Minnie W. Leathebman, Secretary. 

The Library Commission of North Carolina was created by the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1909, and active work was begun September 15th of 
the same year. The Commission consists of five members, two of 
whom are appointed by the North Carolina Library Association and 
one bj^ the Governor ; the State Librarian and the Superintendent of 
Public Instruction complete the membership. 

The purpose of the Commission, as expressed in the law, is to "give 
assistance, advice, and counsel to all libraries in the State, to all com- 
munities which may propose to establish libraries, and to all persons 
interested, as to the best means of establishing and administering such 
libraries, as to the selection of books, cataloguing, maintenance, and 
other details of library management as may be practicable." 

The following are the important lines of activity : 

1. Establishmeut of PiiNic Libraries. The Commission endeavors 
to secure the establishment of public libraries in localities able to 
support them, and gives advice and assistance in arousing public 
interest. After preliminary correspondence, communities proposing 
to establish libraries are visited by the secretary, and the practical 
details of organization explained. In many instances she classifies 
the books, starts the aetfession record and shelf-list, installs a proper 
charging system, and teaches the librarian how to keep the necessary 
records. The service is rendered without cost to the libi'ary, except 
that, when the secretary remains more than one day in a place, the 
local expense is borne by the library aided. 

2. Reorganization of Old Libraries. The secretary visits libraries 
already established to confer with the librarian and library board 
regarding methods of work and plans for further development. 
When necessary, libraries are reorganized according to modern 
methods which insure best results and greatest efficiency. While 
much information and advice may be given by letters and circulars, 
personal visits are much more effective, as they invariably give new 
impulse to the local work and enable the secretary to become familiar 
with library conditions in all parts of the State. 

3. Library Statistics. Every public library in the State, including 
free public libraries, subscription libraries, school, college and uni- 
versity libraries. Young Men's Christian Association, legal associa- 



« 



LiBRAEY Commission. 99 

tion, medical association, Supreme Court and State libraries, is re- 
quired by law to make an annual report to the Commission. From 
the data thus secured the Commission compiles an annual report of 
library conditions in North Carolina. 

4. The North Carolina Library Bulletin. This is a pamphlet of 
12 pages, published quarterly. It is sent free to every library in the 
State, and, upon application, to library trustees and to others inter- 
ested in library extension. The first issue appeared in December, 
1909. Each number contains important library articles, book lists, 
editorial notes, and general library news. It is intended to serve as a 
means of communication with each and every library, to bring the 
libraries into closer relation with one another, and, in general, to 
increase the interest in libraries throughout the State, and to improve 
the quality of their service to the public. 

5. Debate and Study Club Libraries. In response to requests from 
high schools and debating societies, a number of debate libraries have 
been prepared and are loaned without charge except for transporta- 
tion. A circular has been issued giving lists of questions upon which 
material is available and the rules governing the loan of libraries. 
These debate libraries contain books, magazine articles, copies of 
debates in Congress, laws, pamphlets issued by societies, briefs, and 
bibliographies. 

Study club libraries ai-e of a similar nature, but were equipped 
from funds provided by the Library Extension Department of the 
North Carolina Federation of Women's Clubs. 

6. Instruction. In addition to the instruction given in the Commis- 
sion's office and on personal visits, the chairman of the Commission 
gives a course in library methods as a regular department of the Sum- 
mer School of the State University. The course is intended for 
teachers in charge of school libraries. During the summer of 1911 a 
library school was held in Raleigh to which only persons already 
holding library positions were admitted. The course will be given 
again whenever there is a sufficient demand for it. 

7. State Reports. The Commission has established a clearing house 
for State reports. Until this was done there was no center to which 
surplus reports of the various State officers could be sent and to 
which request from students both within and without the State could 
be referred. This work has not been very successful because of the 
failure of many of the departments to deposit reports. 



100 Administrative Departments. 

8. Distribution of Library Literature. In addition to the North 
Carolina Lihrari/ Bulletin, the following publications have been issued 
and distributed by the Commission : 

The Public Library ; 

Traveling Libraries; , 

Debating : list of books for libraries, high schools, and debating 
societies ; 

Free Debate Libraries for 1912-1913. 

Other library literature, including tracts of the American Library 
Association, book lists, building plans, etc., is sent out as required. 

9. School Libraries. The development of school libraries is a spe- 
cial feature of the work. A close connection has been established 
with the schools by giving advice on the care and use of school libra- 
ries, assistance in starting the necessary records, and help in the 
selection and purchase of books. A bulletin on school libraries, pre- 
pared by the secretary, has been published and distributed by the 
Superintendent of Public Instruction to all schools in the State. 
Other literature on the subject is distributed by the Commission, 
and talks are given at teachers' meetings to arouse the interest of 
superintendents and teachers in building up good school libraries. A 
special effort is made to bring the public schools and the public 
libraries into close cooperation. 

MEMBERS OF THE LIBRARY COMMISSION. 

Loms R. Wilson, Chairman Orange. 

Mrs. Sol. Weh^, Vice Chairman Wayne. 

Ch.\rles Lee S^^TH, Treasurer Wake. 

James Y. Joyner Guilford. 

Miles O. Sherrill Catawba. 

Miss Minnie W. Leatherman, Secretary Raleigh. 



THE STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

W. S. Rankin, Secretary ami Treasurer, Raleigh, N. C. 

The personnel of the State Board of Health consists of nine mem- 
bers ; of these, five are appointed by the Governor and four are elected 
by the State Medical Society. Members of the Board serve six years. 
The appointment and election of members, as authorized in the origi- 
nal act, is such that not more than four are elected and appointed 
during any biennial period. 



State Board of Health. . 101 



THE board S WORKING CAPITAL. 

If we include the $4,000 collected from water taxes, with $22,500 
appropriated from the State Treasury for the use of the Board, as a 
part of the State's appropriation, we find that the total annual income 
of the State Board of Health amounts to $26,500. 

HOW IT IS USED. 

Item No. 1. — The State Laboratory of Hygiene examines annually 
2,250 specimens microscopically. The specimens consist of particles 
of expectoration from suspected consumptives, mucus from the throats 
of suspected diphtheria patients, blood from suspected malaria pa- 
tients, blood from those suspected of having typhoid fever, and pus or 
matter from discharging membranes. A minimum cost of 2,250 
microscopic examinations would be $3,500. One may consider this 
$3,500 as one dividend paid by the State Board of Health to the people 
of the State on the $26,500 intrusted to the Board. • 

Item No. 2. — Last year 2,500 samples of drinking-water were ana- 
lyzed by the State Laboratory of Hygiene. The cost of an analysis of 
drinking-water varies from $5 to $10 in different laboratories. It 
would have cost the people of this State at least $12,500 to have had 
the samples of water analyzed at the minimum fee of $5 an analysis. 
The State Laboratory of Hygiene made these analyses for a total cost 
of $4,500, saving thereby $S,000 to the State. This is the second 
dividend which the State Board of Health pays upon the public's 
investment of $26,500 a year. 

Item No. 3.— Last year 195 patients bitten by rabid animals were 
given the Pasteur treatment at the Laboratory of Hygiene. The 
eflftcacy of the treatment administered by our Laboratory may be 
judged from the fact that the average Pasteur Laboratory loses the 
life of one patient out of every 250 treated, while our Laboratory has 
treated over 500 patients without a single death. The minimum cost 
for which these people threatened with hydrophobia may obtain the 
treatment elsewhere is $65 a patient. It would have cost the 195 
patients, at this figure, $12,675 to have been treated. As a matter 
of fact the State charged them only $600, thereby effecting a saving 
to the people of the State of $12,025. This is the third dividend re- 
turned to the people of the State by the State Board of Health on 
their investment of $26,500. 



102 



Administrative Departments. 



Item Xo. Jf. — The General Assembly of 1911 gave the State Board 
of Health authority to contract with the manufacturers of reliable 
diphtheria antitoxin for a State supply of antitoxhi, to be purchased 
from the lowest bidder, and to be distributed to the people through the 
State Laboratory of Hygiene and through antitoxin distributing sta- 
tions in the counties, at just what it cost the State to buy it. We may 
say right here that the quality of all antitoxin is guaranteed by the 
United States Government. Antitoxin is sold in packages which are 
graded according to the number of units of potency per package into 
packages of 1,000, 3,000, and 5,000 units. The prices of these pack- 
ages of antitoxin, before this arrangement on the part of the State 
was made, were as follows : 

1,000 units $2.00 

3,000 units 5.00 

5,000 units 7.50 

Under the present arrangement the same antitoxin can be pur- 
chased anywhere in North Carolina at the following prices : 

1,000 units $0.50 

3,000 units 1.35 

5,000 units 1.95 

The following table shows the amount of antitoxin distributed and 
the saving to the State for the first eight months of the operation of 
this new law, that is, until June 1, 1912, since which time we have not 
looked up the records : 



Number 
Packages. 


Size 
Packages. 


Former Cost. 


Present Cost. 


Saving. 


1,249 
1,071 
1,182 


1,000 
3,000 
5,000 


$ 2,498.00 
5,355.00 
8,865.00 


$ 624.50 
1,445.85 
2,304.90 


S 1,873.50 
3,909.15 
6,560.10 



Total saving in eight months $12,342.75 

Monthly saving 1,542.84 

Yearly saving 18,514.08 

As a matter of fact, this law is saving the State nearer $40,000 a 
year than $18,514.08, for just as soon as the State supply of antitoxin 
was available at these lower rates practically all antitoxin manufac- 



State Board of Health. 103 

turers reduced their product to about the same figure, so that the pur- 
chaser does not always get the State supply, but buys the antitoxin of 
other manufacturers, on which he gets practically the same reduction 
in price as he would in buying the State antitoxin. There is probably 
as much antitoxin sold by other manufacturers in North Carolina as is 
distributed by the State. This would bring the saving on this one item 
to somewhere in the neighborhood of $40,000 a year, but to be con- 
sistently overconservative in computing all of these items of economy, 
let us put down just $18,514.08 as a fourth dividend paid by the State 
Board of Health to the people on their investment of $26,500, 

Item No. 5. — The State Board of Health was instrumental in secur- 
ing from the General Assembly of 1911 a new law for the control of 
smallpox. A blank form sent out to the county superintendents of 
health, filled out and returned to this office, where the data which had 
been called for were compiled, shows: That for the five years pre- 
vious to the operation of the new law there was an average annual 
number of 7,500 cases of smallpox in the State, and that the total 
cost to the State of handling the disease averaged $66,000 a year ; that 
for the first year's operation of the new law (and it has been in force 
but a little over a year) there were 3,300 cases of smallpox in the 
State and the total cost was $2,600. This $2,600, deducted from the 
$66,000, leaves an annual saving of $63,400, which makes the fifth 
dividend the State Board of Health pays on the $26,500 turned 
over to it. 

The five items above enumerated and considered amount to an 
annual saving of $125,439.08 on an investment in the State's health 
work of only $26,500. Health work appears to be good business, and 
these figures bear out the saying of Emerson that "The first wealth 
is health." 

There are other items saved to the State which space will not per- 
mit us to discuss. We shall content ourselves with mentioning only 
one more, viz., the saving to the municipalities of North Carolina by 
the law requiring plans and specifications for proposed public water 
supplies and sewerage systems to be submitted, examined, and ap- 
proved by the State Board of Health before being adopted by the town 
or city. The towns and cities have by this law been safeguarded 
against the work of cheap engineers and contractors and against 
spending their money in building waterworks or sewerage systems of 



104 Administrative Departments. 

little value. We know of one town tluit constructed a public water 
supply before this law was in operation, the plans of which never 
have been approved by the State Board of Health, and after com- 
pleting the waterworks found that their plant was valueless and that 
they had lost something like $15,000 in the venture. 

THE GREAT WORK OF THE STATE BOARD OF HEALTH, 

its chief end, is not the saving of dollars, but the saving of lives. The 
real ledger of a state board of health is kept not in dollars and cents, 
but in death rates. While we take great pride in the economic show- 
ing set forth in the preceding figures, be it far from us to leave even 
the suggestion that our conception of a board of health is an economic 
institution. 

The real test of the value of a state board of health is shown by its 
influence on the State's death rate — either a reduction of a death rate 
higher than the average State death rate or in the maintenance of an 
average or lower than the average State death rate. Unfortunately, 
there is no State law (and this is the great need of the health work in 
North Carolina) requiring the registration of deaths. There is a law 
requiring the registration of deaths for one-sixth of the population of 
the State that has been in force only two years, and that carries with 
it insufficient appropriation to permit of its enforcement to a degree of 
completeness that will permit rigid conclusions based upon the deaths 
registered during the last two years. We believe that if we had had a 
registration law thoroughly enforced in this State for the past three 
years, we would be able to show a reduction in the death rate from 
which we could estimate exactly the number of lives saved and the 
number of days of sickness prevented. And we believe further that in 
that showing the State Board of Health would most impress our 
people with its value. 

Provisions for facilitating quick and accurate diagnoses through the 
microscopic examinations of specimens submitted to State experts, 
close supervision of public water supplies and the safeguarding of 
the people by a monthly analysis of all public water supplies against 
drinking polluted water, the more easily obtainable Pasteur treatment 
and diphtheria antitoxin, all operate in their more important spheres 
of action, not to save money, but to make prevention and treatment 
quicker and more effective and death rates lower. 



State Board op Health. 105. 

But effective as these provisions must have been in reducing death 
rates, the most valuable work of the Board in saving life has been the 
instruction of all the people through press, special literature, and sani- 
tary addresses as to the causes of the more important preventable 
diseases and the way to avoid them. The past year the State Board 
of Health has issued 40,000 regular bulletins monthly, carrying this 
life-saving information to 200,000 people, or about one white family 
out of seven. During this same time the State Board of Health has, 
through the kind and valuable cooperation of the press of the State, 
published 270 miles of columns of newspaper health matter. Through 
the Rockefeller Commission the State Board of Health has paid for 
the treatment of something like 12,000 people infested with hook- 
worms, and practically all the representative people of North Caro- 
lina have been reached through sanitary addresses to the various 
organizations in the State. 

MEMBERS OF THE STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

J. Howell Way, M. D Haywood. 

Richard H. Lewis, M. D Wake. 

Edward C. Register, M. D Mecklenburg. 

J. E. Ashcraft, M. D Union. 

David T. Tayloe, M. D Beaufort. 

J. L. Ludlow, C. E Forsyth. 

W. O. Spencer, M. D Forsyth. 

Thomas E. Anderson, M. D Iredell. 

Charles O'H. Laughinghouse, M. D Pitt. 

officers of the board. 

J. Howell Way, M. D., President Waynesville. 

W. S. Rankin, M. D., Secretary , Raleigh. 

John A. Ferrell, M. D., Asst. Secretary for 

the Eradication of Hookworm Disease Raleigh. 

Clarence A. Shore, M. D., Director of the 

State Laboratory of Hygiene Raleigh. 



]0G Administrative Depabtments. 

BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

' Miss Daisy Denson, Secretary, Raleigh. 

State Constitution, Article XI, sec. 7 : "Beneficent provision for the 
poor, unfortunate and orphan being one of the first duties of a civil- 
ized and Christian State, the General Assembly shall, at its first 
session, appoint and define the duties of a Board of Public Charities, 
to whom shall be intrusted the supervision of all charitable and penal 
institutions, and who shall annually report to the Governor upon 
their condition, with suggestions for their improvement." 

Sec. 3916, Revisal of 1905: "This Board shall, besides their own 
observation, avail themselves of correspondence and exchange of facts 
of the labors of others in these departments, and thus be able to 
afford the General Assembly data to guide them in future legislation 
for the amelioration of the condition of the people, as well as to con- 
tribute to enlighten public opinion and direct it to interests so vital 
to the prosperity of the State." 

It has the right to inspect and report upon the management of 
State charitable and penal institutions, including access to all por- 
tions of the premises, and the right to examine all books and papers ; 
to visit and inspect county and municipal institutions, jails, camps, 
and Homes in the same manner and to the same extent as the State 
institutions. It must visit, inspect and issue license to private hos- 
pitals established for the care of insane, inebriates, and feeble-minded, 
and can prescribe rules and regulations for licensed hospitals. It has 
the right to require reports from officials in charge of all public 
charitable and penal institutions, both State and county. 

The inspections of the State institutions are made personally by the 
members of the Board. Local boards of visitors (volunteer workers) 
have been organizetl in the counties by the Board, who inspect the 
county institutions and make semiannual reports. These local boards 
cannot be too highly praised for the noble work which they have 
accomplished in many of the counties, bettering the condition of the 
unfortunates. 

Printed circulars indicating the information desired are mailed to 
all boards of county commissioners annually, and to boards of 
visitors semiannually. Questions are sent to all State institutions 
aimually and to licensed private hospitals twice a year. Also, 



Board of Public Charities. 107 

through courtesy, the private orphanages, hospitals aud miscella- 
ueous charitable bodies of the State report upon blanks sent out 
from the office of the Board. 

An annual report Is made to the Governor, and a biennial report, 
which the Board "shall print," is made to the General Assembly. 
These reports contain in detail the proceedings of this Board, the 
reports of the institutions, and recommendations for changes or 
improvements. In addition, the Secretary makes a monthly report 
to the Chairman, and a quarterly report to the Board at their regular 
meetings. 

It is charged with the duty of collecting, collating, and publishing 
such facts as may conduce to a correct judgment of the needs of the 
several institutions. 

Another important duty is "to avail themselves of correspondence 
and exchange of facts of the labors of others in these departments." 
With this end in view, a systematic exchange of reports with other 
States and countries has been maintained. The library of philan- 
thropic books and pamphlets, numbering over 2,000, has not cost the 
State a cent. 

For the same reason members of the Board and the Secretary have 
affiliated with the National Conference of Charities and Correction, 
the American Prison Association, and the Southern Sociological Con- 
gress, and from time to time attended the meetings of these notable 
bodies at their own expense. Also, without expense to the State, 
the Secretary has attended a session of the School of Philanthropy 
of New York, the meeting of the International Prison Congress at 
Washington, and has visited the institutions of a number of other 
States. 

The Governor annually appoints delegates to the National Confer- 
ence of Charities and Corrections and to the American Prison Asso- 
ciation and other and similar organizations. Reports and proceed- 
ings of these and other National bodies are collected for reference. 

The Board of Public Charities is an advisory board ; it is nonparti- 
san, and its members receive no compensation. It is untrammeled 
and free to call the attention of those officials who have executive 
duties to perform in institutions or who are legally over them to any 
lack of proper care of the inmates. The Board represents primarily 
the inmate and the general public. It investigates complaints, and 
if necessary calls upon judges and solicitors to prosecute. 



JOS Administbative Departments. 

The policy of the Board has been not to criticise unless it can offer 
something better, some ideal towards which we may strive, which 
has been tried and found successful elsewhere. These ideals are 
embodied in the recommendations and suggestions which are made in 
each annual report, as the law requires. Constructive philanthropy 
must be the foundation-stone for the proper development of our 
charitable and penal systems. 

The influence of the Board is seen in the gradually improved condi- 
tion of the county homes and jails, new buildings for these classes 
having been erected in manj- counties ; in the separation of white and 
black prisoners in the camps ; the enforcement of the laws requiring 
proper apartments in the jails, and the separation of tuberculous pris- 
oners from others, and the increased accommodations for the insane. 
Also its influence has been exerted in behalf of the several new State 
institutions which have been established since its organization, viz., 
the School for the White Deaf at Morgantou ; the Dangerous Insane 
Department; the Jackson Training School; the Soldiers' Home; the 
School for the Feeble-minded ; the Epileptic Colony, and the Tuber- 
culosis Sanatorium. The Board has taken an active part in secur- 
ing the establishment of all except the Sanatorium, and has aided 
their subsequent growth. The State's record of the development of 
her charities is one to be proud of, and there is no reason why her 
penal institutions and care of all her prisoners should not be properly 
systematized so that we may feel an equal pride in the State's policy 
towards them. She has been one of the first States to recognize the 
benefit of outdoor work for prisoners and to put it into practice. 

The reports of the institutions, pay-rolls, and the census of the in- 
sane are on file in the office of the Board in the Capitol, and are open 
to the inspection of. the members of the Assembly, who are cordially 
invited to visit the ofiice and make use of the data gathered there for 
this purpose. 

MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. 

William A. Blair, Chairman Forsyth. 

Caret J. Hunter Wake. 

J. A. McAuLAY Moimt Gilead. 

A. C. McAlister Randolph. 

Joseph G. Brown Wake. 



I 



GEOUX3ICAL AND ECONOMIC SURVEY. 109 

NORTH CAROLINA GEOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SURVEY. 
Joseph Hyde Pratt, State Geologist. 

The act establishing the North Carolina Geological and Economic 
Survey was passed by the Legislature of 1905, and outlines in detail 
the phases of work to be carried out by this Department as follows : 

(1) The examination of the mineral, forest, fishery, and other 
resources of the State. 

(2) The examination of the geological formations of the State 
with reference to their economic products. 

(3) The examination of the road-building materials and the best 
methods of utilizing same.* 

(4) The examination and classification of the soils and forests 
and other physical features of the State, with special reference to 
their bearing upon the occupation of the people. 

(5) The examination of the streams and water-powers of the 
State, with special reference to their development in manufacturing 
enterprises and the preservation of the sources of these streams 
through the protection of the forests. 

(6) The examination of the water supplies of the State, with 
special reference to sinking deep artesian wells. 

(7) The preparation of reports regarding these investigations. 

As will be seen from the above outline, the work of this Depart- 
ment is varied and extensive, and in many respects touches the 
diverse interests of every section of North Carolina, with their varied 
climatic and topographical conditions. 

To carry on all the lines of work outlined as being the objects 
of the Geological Survey at one time would be an impossibility with 



*This is supplemented by an act passed by the Legislature of 1909, which made a small 
appropriation of $5,000 annually to be used by the Highway Division of the North Carolina 
Geological and Economic Survey as follows: "The object and purpose of this appropriation 
shall be to enable the North Carolina Geological Board to advise with the township and 
county authorities in the building and improvement of the public roads, by sending to the 
township or county a competent road engineer who will assist them in locating their im- 
proved roads, advising them as to best road to build and how to build it, and also give 
advice relating to the best kind of bridge to be built in connection with the improvement 
of any road. The Geological Board, through the State Geologist, may make inquiries in re- 
gard to systems of road building and management throughout the United States, and make 
investigations and experiments in regard to the best methods of road making and the best 
kinds of road material, and shall disseminate such knowledge by lectures to be given in the 
different counties, and by preparing, publishing, and distributing bulletins and reports on 
the subject of road improvement, and shall also gather and tabulate information and statis- 
tics on road building in North Carolina and disseminating the same throughout the State." 



110 Administrative Departments. 

the present small auiiual appropriation allotted for doing this work; 
but the State Geologist, with the advice and consent of the Geological 
Board, undertakes and carries out such of these investigations as 
seem to be most urgent and as can be accomplished with the said 
appropriation, supplemented by the heartiest cooperation on the 
part of the various Federal bureaus, such as the United States Office 
of Public Roads, the United States Geological Survey, the United 
States Coast and Geodetic Survey, the Unitetl States Forest Service, 
the National Association of Audubon Societies, and the various 
State associations, such as the North Carolina Good Roads Associa- 
tion, the North Carolina Drainage Association, the North Carolina 
Forestry Association, and the North Carolina Fisheries Association. 

The Survej' not only examines into the present conditions of these 
various natural resources, but, when there seems to be a crying 
need for the conservation and perpetuation of certain of our re- 
sources, stich as forestry and the commercial fisheries, it seeks to give 
this information such publicity as will bring the citizens of the State 
to realize the great necessity of conserving and perpetuating the 
wealth with which Nature has so abundantly endowed our State. No 
attempt is made on the part of the Survej' to cloak any adverse 
conditions, but an effort is made to reveal the true state of affairs, 
with the idea that by making a correct diagnosis a cure can the 
sooner be reached. It is believed by those familiar with the work 
of this Department that many of the great economic problems of 
the present and the future are involved in its work. Every effort 
has been made to educate and arouse the people of the State to the 
importance of proper methods of conservation of not only our so- 
called natural resources, but of our time, labor, and money in the 
construction of better roads. Such educational work is carried on 
by means of addresses, bulletins, newspai^er articles, conventions, 
demonstration work, etc. 

Below is given in some detail the work of the Survey under dif- 
ferent headings. 

ROAD WORK. 

The work of the Highway Division of the North Carolina Geological 
and Economic Survey has grown so enormously during the past few 
years, owing to the widespread interest which has been awakened 



Geological and Economic Survey. ^ 111 

throughout the State in this phase of advancemeut, that tlie State 
Geologist is uuable to meet all the demands for addresses, engineer- 
ing assistance, etc., that come in. Wherever conditions permit, 
counties and tovs^nships are urged to employ a competent road engi- 
neer. Frequently the financial condition of the county or township 
and the amount of work in such county or township are not sufficient 
to warrant the employment of a first-class highway engineer all the 
year round. Plence the Geological Survey is advocating a sufficient 
appropriation on the part of the State to warrant the State's furnish- 
ing engineering assistance to counties in connection with the location, 
construction, and maintenance of their roads. 

In order to arrive at some definite conclusions as to the status of 
the road work in the State, data have been collected in cooperation 
with the United States Office of Public Roads, which are incor- 
jiorated in a report lately published. These data show that we now 
have in North Carolina 48,235 miles of public road, of which there 
are 1,175 miles of macadam, 1,502 miles of sand-clay, 683 miles of 
gravel, and 89% miles of specially surfaced road, making a total of 
3,449^2 miles of improved road in the State. Of this improved road, 
1,0921/^ miles was built during 1911 and 491 miles of dirt road was 
graded. There was raised by special tax for road purposes during 
1911 $1,116,260, either by township or county" tax. About one-eighth 
of this tax was used in paying interest on bond issues and the bal- 
ance expended on the roads. During 1911 and a portion of 1912, 
nineteen counties voted $632,000 in bonds for road purposes. Thir- 
teen of these issues were township bond issues. To give in detail all 
the data contained in this report would give too much length to an 
article, and the following are the conclusions reached after a review 
of this matter : 

That North Carolina is yearly spending a direct tax of $1,466,354 ; 
a labor tax equivalent to $916,003 (including free and convict labor) ; 
making a total of $2,383,157 on her roads in maintenance and the 
construction of new roads. 

That the present system of maintenance results in nothing of per- 
manent value, and seldom affords temporary relief from bad road 
conditions ; so that the enormous expenditure for this purpose is prac- 
tically thrown away. 



112 



Administrating; Departmb^nts. 



That the present system of bad roads at a low estimate is annually 
costing the people of the State over ?12,000,000 in increased cost of 
haulage over the cost of hauling a similar load over an improved 
road. 

That the most glaring defect in our present system of road con- 
struction and maintenance is the class of road officials employed, i. e., 
placing the work of road construction, maintenance, and the handling 
of road funds in the hands of men untrained for this kind of work. 

That the most efficient aid which a State can render its counties is 
by furnishing road engineering assistance to the counties. The use 
of a State engineer in county work would insure to the county the 
proper location of its roads and expenditure of its funds regardless 
of petty local politics or influence. 

That the State could very soon check this terrific drain on its 
citizens by the annual expenditure of from $50,000 to $100,000 for 
the maintenance of a State Highway Department, which would 
furnish engineers for highway location, construction, bridge con- 
struction, etc. 

That with the privilege of such aid the counties will be encouraged 
to issue bonds or raise money in other ways to construct good roads 
through their borders. 

It is felt by those connected with the Survey that in spite of the 
present large mileage of unimproved roads and the inadequate meth- 
ods of demonstration in connection with the expenditure of the road 
funds, that there has still been a steady advance in the good roads 
work of North Carolina, particularly in the wealthier and more 
progressive counties. The strongest evidence of this is the number 
of counties and townships which have employed competent engineers 
to take charge of their road work. The Geological Survey feels 
that it cannot advocate too strenuously the abandonment of the old 
haphazard methods of road location, construction, and maintenance, 
and the adoption of scientific, businesslike, and systematic methods 
for every county in the State and for the State as a whole. 

One feature in the road work which has arisen in the past two 
years has been the idea of intercounty and interstate roads. The 
Legislature of 1911 designated two highways, one to be known as 
the Central Highway, beginning at the seacoast and traversing the 
entire length of the State to the Tennessee line, crossing nineteen 



Geological and Economic Sxirvey. 113 

counties: and another to be known as the Charlotte-Wilmington 
Highway, which traverses the southern tier of counties. In estab- 
lishing these highways, the State Geologist was directed to designate 
the routes. 

Other intercounty highways of interest to the State at large and 
which have begun to be built within the last two or three years are: 

The Crest of the Blue Kidge Highway, which follows along, as its 
name suggests, the crest of the Blue Ridge Mountains, and which 
when completed will open a section of country to tourists whose 
scenery is second to none east of the Rockies. 

The Triangular Highway, running from Pinehurst to Raleigh, 
Raleigh to High Point, and High Point to Pinehurst. This highway 
is now pretty well completed, with the exception of some few links. 

The building of these highways, extending from county to county 
and from State to State, marks an era of liberality on the part of 
the various counties and sections of the State which has heretofore 
not been felt in any public work. By making it possible for one 
section of the State to have a good road to another section will 
ilndoubtedly bring about a closer bond of citizenship than has ever 
existed in our State. 

DRAINAGE. 

One of the major undertakings of the Survey during the past several 
years has been in connection with the reclaiming of swamp lands in 
the eastern part of the State and overflowed lands in the piedmont and 
mountain sections. The Legislature of 1909 passed an act (chapter 
442, Public Laws of 1909), which was amended by the Legislature of 
1911, to promote the drainage of wet, swamp, and overflowed lands. 
Through the operations of this act it has been possible to inaugurate 
a system of drainage not only in eastern North Carolina (where the 
swamp lands are so abundant and so inimical to health and agri- 
culture), but also of the wet and overflowed lands in the piedmont 
and mountain sections of the State. There are approximately 4,505 
square miles, or 2.883,000 acres, in eastern North Carolina, together 
with hundreds of thousands of acres of wet and overflowed lands in 
other portions of the State, which without drainage are not only of 
no value to their sections, but are a positive menace. Realizing this, 
it will readily appear that the State would reap an inestimable ad- 

8 



114 Administrative Depaetments. 

vantage from the reclamatiou of these swamp lands and the conser- 
vation of this wonderfully rich soil for agricultural purposes. 

The progress of the drainage work since the passage of this act has 
not only been surprising, but extremely gratifying. Fifty-odd drain- 
age districts have been established, or are in process of organization, 
embracing over 700,000 acres of swamp and overflowed land. In one 
district where the drainage is an accomplished fact, the land before 
it was drained was worth barely $3 an acre, the cost of draining was 
not over $6 an acre, and the owners now are refusing $100 per acre. 
This drainage work has been inaugurated, fostered, and supervised 
by the Geological Survey, which has done everything in its power to 
encourage drainage projects which were after a preliminary exami- 
nation considered feasible by a competent drainage engineer. 

FOKESTRY. 

When it is realized that one-sixth of North Carolina's wealth is in 
her forests, and that this iDcr cent is rapidly being diminished by 
their devastation due to forest fires, ruthless cutting of timber, the 
pasturage of hogs and cattle (and the consequent killing out of the 
young growth), it is felt by those who have studied these conditions 
very carefully that this is one of the most vital questions in the State. 
The Geological Survey has continued to make a careful study of the 
forest conditions of the State, having made an inventory of the 
forest resources of Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Swain, Macon, Jackson. 
Haywood, Transylvania, Henderson, Buncombe, Madison, Yancey, 
Mitchell, Watauga, Ashe, Alleghany, Polk, Rutherford. McDowell, 
Burke, Caldwell, Wilkes, Alexander, Cleveland. Catawba, Mecklen- 
burg, Cabarrus, Iredell, Kowan, Davie, Yadkin, Davidson. Forsyth, 
Stokes, Lincoln, Surry, and Gaston counties. In making this study 
the following points were covered : 

(1) A map of the portion of the State studied, showing the distri- 
bution of the forests. 

(2) The percentage of forest lands in each county, together with 
its comparative value for agriculture, for the protection of timber, 
and as a protection for streams. 

(3) The percentage and location of the principal forest tyi>es, 
together with their approximate stand of timber per acre of different 
species. 



• Geological and Economic Survey. 115 

(4) The percentage and location of second-growth pole stand, and 
the age, where possible. 

(5) Data for ascertaining the most practicable methods of manag- 
ing the second-growth stands of the different types. 

(6) A study of the most practicable methods of managing the dif- 
ferest forest types to produce as nearly as possible the special kinds 
and amount of timber required by the industries. 

(7) A study of the various methods of lumbering to determine the 
changes, if any, which may be recommended to improve the condition 
of the forest and to prevent unnecessary waste. 

(S) A study of the allied industries, such as farming, stock raising, 
and mining, in their relation to forests, in order that the relative 
importance of each may be determined. 

(9) The damage, costs, frequency, and effects of forest fires, with 
the object of working out some practical system of fire protection. 

(10) The practicability of planting in forest trees abandoned fields 
or other waste lands, with the object of preventing erosion and pro- 
ducing timber. 

The Survey has also made a close statistical study of the damage 
annually incurretl by the State in forest fires, and this data has been 
published in reports. The conclusion of this study is that we need 
(1) better laws to control the individual; (2) stricter regulations 
controlling railroads or other companies or individuals using spark- 
producing machines; and (3) some State system of properly enforcing 
these laws, and an adequate appropriation to meet the needs of the 
State. 

As such a large part of North Carolina's wealth is invested in 
timber land and wood-using industries, and realizing the growing 
shortage in the supply suitable for the use of these wood-using indus- 
tries, and the consequent gradual modification in the requirements 
fixed by these consumers, and recognizing the value both to the pro- 
ducers and the consumers of timber of a more intimate knowledge of 
local market conditions, the Survey has made a statistical study of 
the wood-using industries of the State. The wood-using industries 
can be divided into three classes : (1) those taking timber in the log 
and by the usual operation of the sawmill converting it into rough 
lumber; (2) those manufacturing directly from the log a finished 
product, which cannot be changed by any further process of manu- 



IIG Administrative Departments. 

facture, such as staves, excelsior, shingles, veneer boxes, or mine 
rollei's; and (3) those using rough lumber and by the application of 
skilled labor and the aid of wood-using machinery converting it into 
such finished products as furniture, etc. 

The Survey has also undertaken the examination of timber areas for 
individuals and companies, with the idea of devising some plan for 
their practicing scientific management so as to insure a perpetual 
supply on such lands. Examinations have been made of watersheds 
belonging to municipalities, in regard to their protection from fire 
and contamination. Investigations have been made in regard to re- 
forestation of abandoned farm lands and cut-over lands. 

The influences of the forests are so far-reaching as to make their 
protection a vital question not only when considering the future 
supply of timber, but when it is taken into account that the perpetua- 
tion of our water-powers are dependent directly upon the preservation 
of the forests along the headwaters of the streams. 

FISHERIES. 

One natural resource of great importance, particularly to eastern 
North Carolina, is our commercial fisheries. The Survey has under- 
taken to investigate, and, if possible, to find a remedy for the adverse 
conditions which appear to be operating to the destruction of our 
commercial fishes. During the past several years reports have been 
constantly coming in showing that the fish have been growing scarcer 
each year, and that some sort of State protection is necessary if many 
of our edible fish are to be saved from total extinction. The Survey 
has made every effort to bring such conditions to the attention of the 
people of the State and to make them realize that this great natural 
resource belongs to the State as a whole, and not to any one section, 
and that by proper protection the industry can be made to yield larger 
returns to the State. The Geological Survey, in cooperation with 
other departments, has held a number of fish conventions, published 
literature, and made investigations with an eye to solving this most 
important problem. A convention held in New Bern, December, 1911, 
was attended by delegates from all the fishing counties of the State, 
and was most unanimous in its advocacy of State protection and of 
the State Fish Commission having jurisdiction over every county in 
the State. 



Geological and Economic Survey. 117 

geology and mineralogy. 

But little purely geological work has been done by the Survey in 
the past two years, owing to the amount of time and money required 
by other phases of work which, for the time being, seemed more 
important. The volume on the Coastal Plain deposits, including the 
report on the Artesian Water Supply of the Coastal Plain, has been 
carried through the press and is practically ready for distribution. 
Further studies have been pursued in connection with the Coastal 
Plain Geology and Paleontology, which will be incorporated into 
volumes relating to the Eocene and Miocene of the Coastal Plain of 
North Carolina. 

Statistics relating to the production of the various minerals and 
ores of the State were collected in cooperation with the United States 
Geological Survey and published each year by the State Survey. 
Many mineral specimens are constantly being received at the office, 
tested and reported on. The majority of these specimens are of no 
value whatever, but occasionally one is sent in which is of value either 
commercially or as a matter of scientific interest. 

MAPPING. 

Owing to a ruling of the United States Geological Survey that the 
Federal Survey would no longer couperate in the making of traverse 
maps, but would cooperate in the preparation of topographic maps, it 
has not been possible for the Survey to arrange any plans by which 
further areas could be mapped. A geographical map of the whole 
State has been prepared, in cooperation with the United States Geo- 
logical Survey, and published by the State Survey. This is believed 
to be the most accurate geographical map of the State yet published. 

It would be of great service, not only in connection with soil work, 
agricultural work, road work, mining, and other industries, to have 
topographic maps of all the counties of the State, but it would be of 
inestimable value to private individuals and corporations to be able to 
secure such maps to assist them in their undertakings. A special 
appropriation by the Legislature would therefore be most timely for 
continuing this work. 



118 



Administrative Departments. 



N. C. GEOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SURVEY. 

GEOLOGICAL BOARD. 

Go\^RNOR W. W. KiTCHiN, ex officio Person. 

F. R. Hewitt Buncombe. 

Hugh McRae New Hanover. 

R. D. Caldwell Robeson. 

M. R. Braswell Nash. 

SURVEY STAFF. 

Joseph Hyde Pratt, State Geologist. 
J. S. Holmes, Forester. 

E. W. Myers, Hydraulic and Civil Engineer. 

F. B. Laney, Geologist. 

J. E. PoGUE, Jr., Geologist. 

Highway Engineers : W. S'. Fallis, R. P. Coble, 
T. F. Hickerson, R. T. Brown, E. L. Pickard. 
Miss H. M. Berry, Secretary. 



BOARD OF INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS. 
By B. C. Beckwith, Memlier of the Board, Raleigh, N. C. 

The State Board of Internal Improvements was created and made 
a body corporate by chapter 982, Acts of the General Assembly of 
North Carolina, 1819. In 1836 the board was made to consist of the 
Governor of the State, president ex officio, and two commissioners, to 
be biennially appointed by the Governor with the advice of the 
Council of State. 

Chapter 101 of the Revisal of 1905 provides that the two commis- 
sioners be now appointed biennially by the Governor with "the advice 
of the Senate." The private secretary of the Governor is secretary 
ex- officio of the board, which meets in the Governor's office, or at any 
other place in the State as it may see fit. 

The Board has charge of all the State's interest in all railroads, 
canals, and other works of internal improvement ; and the Legislature 
of 1905 added, "also all public institutions in which the State has an 
interest, excepting the higher educational institutions that are not 
also charitable." 

The board shall biennially report to the General Assembly the con- 
dition of all public or State institutions and buildings in their charge, 
railroads, roads, and other works of internal improvements in which 



Board of Internal Improvements. 119 

the State has an iuterest ; shall suggest such improvements, enlarge- 
ments, or extensions of such works as they shall deem proper, and 
such new works of similar nature as shall seem to them to be de- 
manded by the growth of trade or the general prosperity of the State; 
the amount, condition, and character of the State's interest in rail- 
roads, roads, and other works of internal improvements in which the 
State has stock or whose bonds she holds as security ; the condition of 
such roads or other corporate bodies and State institutions in detail, 
financial condition, receipts and disbursements, etc. 

The board may require of the president or chief officer of any rail- 
road or other works of public improvement or any public institution 
in which the State has an interest, a written report, under oath, of 
the affairs of his company or institution for the year, and a failure on 
part of such chief officer of any public institution or company in which 
the State has an interest to make a true report is made a misde- 
meanor, punishable by fine or imprisonment. 

Provision is also made for the appointment of a special auditor to 
audit the accounts and books of all institutions, corporate bodies and 
State departments whenever the Governor and the board may deem 
it necessary. 

When the board, as it is authorized to do, is making an investigation 
of the affairs of any public institution or company in which the State 
has an interest or the official conduct of any official thereof, if any 
person shall refuse to obey any summons of, or shall refuse to answer 
any question when requested so to do, by a member of the board, he 
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and may be fined and imprisoned. 
And upon report of the board, the Governor may suspend or remove 
from office any of said officials, if in the opinion of the board and the 
Governor the interest of the State demands it. 

The Legislature of 1909 amended chapter 101 of the Revisal so that 
whenever the General Assembly shall direct or authorize directly or 
indirectly the erection or alteration of any building or buildings at 
any State institution, charitable, educational, or penal, the Board of 
Internal Improvements shall let the same out by contract, and take 
from the contractor a bond with sufficient security payable to the State 
in such sum as the board may deem sufficient, with the condition that 
he will faithfully perform his contract according to plans or specifica- 



120 Administrative Departments. 

tions agreed upon. And chapter 101 of the Revisal was also amended 
by the Legishitiire of 1911, providing that no corporation, company, or 
institution in which the State has an interest shall lease, mortgage, or 
otherwise encumber its property except by and with the consent of the 
Board of Internal Improvements and the Council of State. 



NORTH CAROLINA NATIONAL GUARD. 

Laltbence W. Young, Adjutant General. Raleigh. 

The strength of the North Carolina National Guard is as follows : 

Commissioned officers, land forces 237 

Enlisted men, land forces 2,277 

Naval Militia, commissioned officers 40 

Naval Militia, enlisted men 324 

Total strength 2,878 

The National Guard of North Carolina is divided into organiza- 
tions as follows : The general staff corps ; three regiments of infantry 
of twelve companies and band each ; a coast artillery corps of six 
companies; a naval brigade of six divisions; two hospital corps de- 
tachments of twelve men each, one ambulance company, one field 
hospital and two troops of cavalry. 

The annual appropriation by the State for the maintenance of the 
organized militia is $27,000. This amount is expended principally 
in paying armory rent and in paying 2.5 cents per drill to enlisted men 
for as many as two drills per month, provided they comply with cer- 
tain rules and regulations. 

The brigade and regimental commanders are each allowed .$150 
per year for expenses, and the commanding officer of the Coast Artil- 
lery Corps is allowed $75 per year for expenses. The pay, transpor- 
tation, and subsistence of the North Carolina National Guard while 
in camp of instruction is paid by the United States Government, and 
all equipment is furnished by the Federal Government. 

Every member of the organized militia of North Carolina is, in ac- 
cordance with section 4897, Revisal of 1905, as amended by chapter 
316, Public Laws of 1907, and United States Statutes. Act of January 
21, 1903, required to serve his term of enlistment in upholding the 
civil authority of the State or Nation, or going to war for the United 



National Guard. 121 

States if called upon by the President. It seems to be the fixed 
policy of our Government to maintain a well organized, well dis- 
ciplined, and efficient militia in the several States at a nominal cost, 
thereby obviating the necessity for a large regular army. During 
this year the National Government paid all the expenses of the 
encampment of the First and Second regiments at Camp Glenn and 
the joint seacoast defense exercises of the Coast Artillery Corps at 
Fort Caswell, N. C, and all of the expenses of the Third Regiment 
in the joint maneuvers at Anniston, Ala. The National Government 
is also furnishing two ships for the use of the North Carolina Naval 
Militia, without expense to the State. The U. 8. S. Elfrida and the 
torpedo boat Foote are assigned for this purpose and are now at New- 
Bern, the headquarters of the Naval Militia. 

The Adjutant General is chief of staff and is in control of the 
military department of the State, and is subordinate only to the Gov- 
ernor in matters pertaining to said department. Through the office 
of Adjutant Gccneral is handled all reports and records of the military 
establishment, and all orders pertaining to the militia are issued by 
the Adjutant General. In his office is kept a record of all the com- 
missioned officers and enlisted men of the Guard. All military text- 
books and blank forms and orders from the War Department are 
handled through the Adjutant General's office. An annual report to 
the Governor, covering a detailed statement of the work and expendi- 
tures for the year, is required by law from the Adjutant General. 
Inquiries of the record of service of soldiers in any of the wars in 
which our troops have ever been engaged are answered through the 
Adjutant General's office. The work in this office is increasing rapidly 
each year, for while the United States Government is spending much 
more on the militia than ever before, more is required, and as all the 
business with the War Department is handled through the Adjutant 
General's office, the volume of work of necessity increases. 

During the past year there has been assigned to the North Carolina 
National Guard an officer of the United States Army, whose duty it is 
to visit regularly the different organizations of the Guard for the pur- 
pose of giving instruction and making inspection. His services have 
proven of great value. 

There are now two troops of cavalry in the North Carolina National 
Guard, these being the first in the history of the Guard. They are 
Troop A at Lincolnton and Troop B at Asheville. 



1-2 Administrative Depaetments. 

In May, 1912, a camp of instruction for officers of the National 
Guard was held at Kaleigh. This Is the first time that such a school 
has been held in this State. The instructors were Regular Army 
officers detailed by the War Department. 

Rifle ranges have been established at many of the company stations, 
and for the past two years rifle practice and competition have been 
held on the ranges at Raleigh, Goldsboro, and Asheville. 

In 1911 the State was represented in the National Matches at Camp 
Perry, Ohio, by a rifle team which made a higher score and took a 
higher stand than any of the teams our State has had at the National 
Matches. 

Twenty-two officers of the North Carolina National Guard attended 
the maneuvers of the Regular Army near San Antonio, Texas, for 
periods of two weeks each exclusive of time consumed in travel. 
These officers gained much valuable information which will be helpful 
to them in handling troops in the field. 

adjutant generals of north CAROLINA. 

J. G. Martin 1861- 

Abial W. Fisher 1868-1871. 

John C. Gorman 1871-1876. 

Johnstone Jones 1877-1 888! 

James D. Glenn 1889-1892. 

Francis H. Cameron .1893-1896! 

A. D. CowLES 1897-1898! 

B. S. RoYSTER 1899-1904. 

T. R. Robertson 1905-1909. 

J. F. Armfield* 1909-1910. 

R. L. LeinsterI 1910-1912. 

Gordon Smith 1912-1913. 



THE STATE PRISON. 

J. J. Laughinghouse, Superintendent, Raleigh. 

This institution was founded by an act of the General Assembly, 
ratified the 12th day of April, A. D. 1869, entitled "An Act to Provide 
for the Erection of a Penitentiary." Reference is made to the act 
cited, and also to the Report of the Commission to Erect a Peniten- 
tiary, Document No. 18, Legislative Documents, 1868-70. 

*Died in office, 1910. fDied in office, 1912. 



The State Pbisoj?. 123 

The Prison building is a magnificent bricli structure, erected upon 
granite foundation. Tlie Prison wall is of granite, and is twenty feet 
in lieight and six feet broad at the top, and its base is said to extend 
sixteen feet below the surface. The building and wall are estimated 
to have cost the State more than a million and a quarter dollars. 

The institution is situated about one mile west of the Capitol on 
the extension of Morgan Street and near Hillsboro Road. 

The affairs of the Prison are administered by a board of five 
directors, appointed by the Governor. 

The Dangerous Insane Department is maintained within the $5,000 
per year appropriated by the Legislature out of the State Prison 
earnings. The Legislature of 1909 appropriated $5,000 for improve- 
ments, and new wards, new kitchen, bathrooms and a hall on two 
floors have been added and they are now more comfortable than ever 
before and all are liept in that department, and not kept in the 
Prison cells, as heretofore. 

SUMMARY. 

Foimded 1869 

Number of buildings 1 

Cost (estimated by Prison authorities) $1,225,000.00 

Number of acres of land 7,300 

Nimiber of employees ' 150 

Number of inmates 695 

Paid into State Treasury by Act of 1907 $ 175,000.00 

Surplus January 1, 1910 $ 109,400.19 

Liabilities None 

SUPERINTENDENTS. 

W. T. Hicks Wake. 

Paul F. Faison Wake. 

A. Leazar Iredell. 

John R. Smith Wayne. 

J. M. Mewborne :____ Lenoir. 

W. H. Day Wake. 

J. S. Mann Dare. 

J. J. Laughinghouse Pitt. 



\ 



PART V. 



STATE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. 



1. Univeesity of InToeth Caeolixa. 

2. ]S[oETH Caeolina a. and M. College. 

3. N^oETii Caeoliista State ]S^oemal and Industeial 

College. 

4. CULLOWHEE I^ToEMAL AND InDUSTELIL ScHOOL. 

5. Appalachian Teaining School. 

6. East Caeolina Teachees Teaining School. 

7. State Schools foe the (White) Blind and foe the 

(Coloeed) Blind and Deaf. 

8. State School foe the (White) Deaf. 

9. Stonewall Jackson Teaining School. 

10. State Noemal Schools foe the Coloeed Race. 

11. State A. and M. College foe the Coloeed Race. 



} 



UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 
Fbancis p. Venable, President, Chapel Hill. 

The University of North Carolina is located at Chapel Hill. Its 
charter was granted in 1789; the corner-stone of the first building 
was laid in 1793 and it was opened for students in 1795. The campus 
of 48 acres and about 550 acres of forest contiguous to it were given 
by the citizens of Orange County. Its first buildings were also given 
by friends of the Universitj', the Legislature granting a loan of 
$10,000 in 1793, which was afterwards converted into a gift, and 
making the first direct appropriation for a building in 1905, when 
$50,000 was given for a chemical laboratory. 

The State made no appropriation for the maintenance of the 
University for the first eighty years of its existence. In 1875 the 
interest from the Land Scrip Fund ($7,500) was paid over to the 
University, and withdrawn in 1887. In 1881 the annual sum of $5,000 
was appropriated for the maintenance and support of the University. 
This annual appropriation is now $87,000. 

In 1861-65 and the following Reconstruction Period the University 
was stripped of its funds, landed property, and much of its equip- 
ment. From 1871 to 1875 its dooi's were closed. It was reopened in 
1875 with practically nothing but empty halls and the contributions 
of its friends amounting to about $20,000 for the purchase of new 
equipment. 

Its property now consists of 

Campus — 48 acres, and woodland 550 acres $ 70,000 

Buildings— 25, and 3 faculty houses 690,000 

Equipment — books, apparatus, furniture, etc 210,000 

$ 970,000 
Its endowment, including loan fimds, amounts to. 216,000 

Total $1,186,000 

The income of the University was derived from the following 
sources for the year 1911-12 : 

State appropriation $ 87,000 

Students' fees 57,000 

Invested funds - 12,500 

Total $156,500 



128 



State Educational Institutions. 



The University comprises the following departments : Collegiate, 
applied science, teachers' training, graduate, law, medicine and phar- 
macy. There are thirty-two professors, thirteen associate professors, 
twelve instructors, twenty-nine assistants. A number of the assist- 
ants help in the laboratories and librarj- and do no actual teaching. 
The number of students for the session 1911-12 was 796. In addition, 
there were 4G3 teachers in attendance upon the summer school. Of 
the students attending the regular session, 753 were from North 
Carolina. As the University has been cramped for equipment and 
accommodations, no special effort has been made to attract students 
from outside the State. 

The parents of the students represent all professions, creeds, and 
parties in the State. The leading professions represented are: 
farmers, 255 ; merchants, 126 ; lawyers, 65 ; physicians, 52 ; manufac- 
turers. 42 ; ministers. 33 ; teachers, 23. The leading churches are : 
Methodist, 235; Baptists, 188; Presbyterians, 150; Episcopalians, 113. 
All but nine of the counties in the State were represented, and five 
of these were represented in the previous session. 

Over one-half of the students earn or borrow, in part or in whole, 
the money for their education. Some forty of them earn their bread 
by waiting at table. Few of the families from which these students 
come are able to stand the strain of the support of a son at college 
without stringent economy or even many sacrifices. About one-half 
of the graduates start out as teachers. 

There is a splendid spirit of democracy about the institution which 
opens the doors of achievement to all alike and places attainment 
upon merit alone. It is emphatically a place "where wealth is no 
prejudice and poverty is no shame." 

The State has not been able to equip the University fully for its 
work. It should, if possible, be placed on a footing which would 
enable it to meet every proper demand made upon it for the education 
of the youth of North Carolina. Unless such provision is made the 
University must suffer and the State still more. 

SUMMARY. 

Charter granted 1789 

Opened 1795 

Acres of land owned 598 

Value of buildings, equipment, and land $970,000 



N. C. College of Agbicultuee and Mechanic Arts. 129 

Invested funds $216,000 

Number of volumes in library 60, 000 

Number of students 796 

Number of faculty 86 

Income from State $ 87,000 

Income from students ' 57,000 

Invested funds 12,500 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 

No president 1795-1804. 

Joseph Caldwell 1804-1835. 

David L. Swain 1835-1868. 

Solomon Pool 1869-1870. 

University closed 1870-1876. 

Is^MP P. Battle 1876-1891. 

George T. Winston 1891-1896. 

Edwin A. Alderman 1896-1900. 

Francis P. Venable 1900- 



NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND 

MECHANIC ARTS. 

D. H. Hill, President, West Raleigh. 

During the years in which North Carolina was slowly emerging 
from the economic havoc wrought by Civil War and Eecoustruction, 
some farsighted men began to see the necessity of rearing industrially 
equipped men. They felt keenly the need of competent men to build 
and direct new industries, and to restore the land which had been 
impoverished by slave labor. They recognized that men capable of 
doing what was needed would, have to be educated in industrial 
schools and technical colleges. This recognition came slowly, because 
the Southern people up to that period had been wedded to classical 
education. 

The first organized body to take steps for the establishment of an 
industrial institution in North Carolina was the Watauga Club. 
This club, composed of bright young men, explained its mission by 
declaring that it was "an association in the city of Raleigh designed 
to find out and make known information on practical subjects that 
will be of public use." In 1885 this club presented to the Legislature 
the following memorial : 

9 



130 State Educational Institutions. 

"We respectfully memorialize your honorable botly : 
"First. To establish au industrial school in North Carolina which 
shall be a training place for young men who wish to acquire skill in 
the wealth-producing arts and sciences. 

"Second. To establish this school in Raleigh in connection with 
the State Agricultural Department. 

"Third. To make provision for the erection of suitable buildings 
and for their equipment and maintenance. 

(Signed) Arthur Winslow, Chairman; 

W. J. Peele, 
Walter H. Page." 

This memorial quickened general interest in the proposed school, 
and several bills looking to its foundation were introduced in the 
Legislature of 1SS5. On March 7th, one of these bills, introduced by 
Hon. Augustus Leazar of Iredell County, became a law. This law 
provideil that the Board of Agriculture should seek proposals from 
the cities and towns of the State, and that the school should be 
placed in the town offering most inducements. The Board of Agri- 
culture finally accepted an offer from the city of Raleigh. 

Meantime, the ideas of the advocates of the school had been some- 
what broadened as to the character of the proposed institution. They 
saw that Congress was about to supplement the original laud grant 
by an additional appropriation for agricultural and mechanical col- 
leges in each State. The originators of the conception then sought the 
aid of progressive farmers in order to change the school into an Agri- 
cultural and Mechanical College. Col. L. L. Polk, the editor of the 
newly-established Progressive Farmer, threw the weight of his paper 
heartily into the new idea. Meetings were held in various places, 
and two very large meetings in Raleigh considered the proposition. 
As a result, the school already provided for was by action of the 
Legislature of 1S87 changed into an Agricultural and Mechanical Col- 
lege, and the Land Scrip Fund was given the newly formed institu- 
tion. In addition, the law directed that any surplus from the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture should go into the treasury of the college. Mr. 
R. Stanhope Pullen, one of Raleigh's most broad-minded citizens, gave 
the institution eighty-three acres of laud in a beautiful suburb of 
Raleigh. The first building was completed in 1SS9 and the doors of 
the college were opened for students in October, 1SS9. Seventy-two 
students, representing thirty-seven counties, were enrolled the first 
year. The faculty consisted of six full professors and two assistants. 



N. C. College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. 131 

From this small beginning in 1SS9, the college has grown to be the 
second in size in students and faculty among the colleges for men in 
the State. 

The college confines its curriculum entirely to technical and indus- 
trial education. No genei'al or academic courses are offered. 

The courses of study are as follows : 

First, Agriculture, including under this general term Horticulture, 
Trucking, Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Veterinary Science. 

Second, Engineering. This course includes Civil, Electrical, Me- 
chanical, and Mining Engineering. The equipment for field and for 
laboratory work in these courses makes them very practical. 

Third, Textile Industry. Students in Textiles have an entire 
mill building for their use. In addition to carding, spinning, weav- 
ing and designing, they have a thoroughly practical course in dyeing 
and in the chemistry of dyes. 

Fourth, Industrial Chemistry. A four-year course in Industrial 
Chemistry. 

In all these courses, mathematics, English, physics and chemistry 
are recpiired. 

For young men who have not time or means to spend four years in 
college, and yet who want to fit themselves as far as possible for 
industrial employments, short courses of one and two years are 
offered in Agriculture, and two years in Mechanic Arts and Textiles. 

SUMMARY. 

Founded 1889 

Number of buildings 22 

Number of acres of land 485 

Value of buildings and equipment $605 , 281 . 00 

Value of land $ 70,310.00 

Number of volumes in library 7, 280 

Number of students 619 

Number of faculty 55 

State appropriation per annum $ 80, 000 . 00 

presidents. 

Alexander Q. Holladay 1889-1899. 

George Tayloe Winston 1899-1908. 

D. H. Hill 1908- 



132 State Educational Institltioxs. 

THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE NORMAL AND INDUSTRIAL 

COLLEGE. 

JuLiDS I. Foust, President, Greensboro, N. C. 

The North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College was estab- 
lished by an act of the General Assembly of 1891. The purpose for 
which the institution was created, as stated in section 5 of the act 
establishing it, is as follows : 

"The object of this institution shall be (1) to give young women 
such education as shall fit them for teaching; (2) to give instruction 
to young women in drawing, telegraphy, typewriting, stenography, 
and such other industrial arts as may be suitable to their sex and 
conducive to their support and usefulness. Tuition shall be free to 
those who signify their intention to teach upon such conditions as 
may be prescribed by the board of directors." 

In 1892 the institution began with $50,000 donated by the city of 
Greensboro and ten acres of land, the gift of Mr. R. S. Pnllen. Mr. 
R. T. Gray, Mr. E. P. Wharton, and others, and with an annual ap- 
propriation of $10,000 from the State. In addition to the State 
appropriation and tuition fees, the institution received during the 
first years about $3,000 annually from the Peabody Fund and for 
three years received $2,500 annually from the General Education 
Board. It also received about $11,000 from the faculty and students, 
and a small amount from Mr. George Foster Peabody, and a library 
building from Mr. Andrew Carnegie. The plant is now worth more 
than $600,000, the annual State appropriation is $87,000, and the loan 
and scholarship funds received from various sources in the State and 
out of it now amount to $21,000. The faculty numbers 65, and there 
were enrolled during the past session 586 students and during the 
summer session 416 students. Total, 1,002. 

The chief mission of the institution lies in furnishing the public 
school system of the State well-equipped teachers who are capable 
of rendering the State intelligent and useful service. It provides 
regular degree courses, whose admission requirements, curriculum of 
instruction, and standards of scholarship are in keeping with the re- 
quirements of our best Southern colleges for men and women. A pre- 
paratory department conducted by the regular college faculty is main- 
tained for those students who do not have access to good preparatory 



Normal and Industrial College. 133 

schools. The institution does not receive, however, as students any 
who have not completed the course of instruction offered in the home 
school. 

Special industrial and commercial courses are open to those who 
do not have free tuition and are not under contract to teach. Pro- 
vision is also made for teachers who may wish to take brief courses 
in pedagogy and in the subjects taught in the public schools. For 
those who cannot remain longer, a one-year course is offered. For 
various reasons a number of ambitious teachers are not able to avail 
themselves of the one-year course, and to meet the demands of these 
a regular summer session has been inaugurated. The advantages of 
the institution are thus open to every worthy young white woman 
who has availed herself of the opportunities offered in the public 
schools of the State. 

The patronage of the institution has justified the wisdom of the 
founders. During the twenty years of its life, beginning October, 
1892, and closing with the session of May, 1912, the college has had an 
average enrollment of 476 students. These students have come from 
all the 100 counties of the State, and in their political and religious 
faith, their financial condition, their professional and social life, their 
intellectual ability and previous educational opportunities, are repre- 
sentative of the people of North Carolina. Of the 5,30.3 young women 
who have sought the help and strength thus provided, more than 80 
per cent received their training in the rural public schools, one-third 
defrayed their own expenses, and two-thirds, according to their own 
written statement, would not have attended any other North Carolina 
college. In brief, one of the strongest forces of the college, and a 
prime source of its usefulness, has been the representative character 
of its patronage. This coming together of all classes from all sections 
of the State necessarily results in creating an atmosphere of whole- 
some democracy and equal opportunity. The spirit of the State 
college for women is, therefore, what the spirit of every State college 
should be, and, as a result, its representatives acquire that larger 
sympathy, that breadth of vision, and that intelligent insight into the 
needs of their State that no text-books or lectures or mere academic 
training can ever hope to give. 

Some indication of the serviceableness of the college is suggested 
by what has been said of the scope and character of its patronage. 



134 State Educational Ixstitutions. 

It has, since its establishmeut, been an open door of opportunity for 
the white women of North Carolina. Through it the State has added 
to its resources over 5.300 educated women, who have taught lessons 
of patriotism and right living to at least 200,000 North Carolina chil- 
dren. Two-thirds of all the students enrolled and nine-tenths of all 
who graduate become teachers in North Carolina. No large move- 
ment for the uplift of the State has failed to have support from its 
faculty and students, and to-tlay there is not a county in the State 
where representatives of the college are not to be found actively 
engaged in public service. 

SUMMER SESSION, 

The special purpose of the State Normal and Industrial College in 
organizing the Summer Session was to offer the advantages of its 
instruction to those women in the State whose occupation during 
other months of the year prevent their attendance upon the regular 
session. In the selection and arrangement of its summer courses 
the college has in view the needs of the following classes : 

1st. Teachers wishing special work in the principles and methods 
of teaching (Primary, Grammar, and High School), with opportuni- 
ties for practice and observation work under experienced super- 
visors. 

2d. Teachers desiring advanced or collegiate courses in Philosophy, 
Science, Psychology, and the History of Education. 

3d. Teachers of special subjects, such as Agriculture, Domestic 
Science, Vocal Music, Drawing, and Manual Arts. 

4th. High-school teachers who desire advanced or extra work along 
the line of their specialties with free use of good department libraries 
and well-equipped laboratories. 

5th. College students who wish to eai'n advanced credit or to re- 
move conditions. 

Gth. Students preparing for college. 

Tth. Mothers, wives, and home-makers who feel the need of prac- 
tical hell) in such subjects as food and food values, cookery, kitchen 
conveniences, home nursing, sanitation, and household decoration. 

In the first summer session, which was held during 1912, there 
were enrolled in the various departments 416 students. 



Normal and Industrial College. 



135 



SUMMARY OF ENROLLMENT DURING THE SESSION OF 1911-1912. 

Enrolled during the regular session, .j86 students. 

Enrolled during the summer session, 416 students. 

Total enrollment in college during the session 1911-1912, 1,002 
students. 

Pupils enrolled in Training School, 319. 

Total enrollment in all departments of college during the session of 
1911-1912, 1,321. 

The influence and benefits of the college have been shared by every 
section of North Carolina. The following table gives the number of 
matriculates by different counties during the past twenty years : 



Alamance 98 

Alexander 12 

.Alleghany 12 

Anson 66 

Ashe 22 

Beaufort 60 

Bertie 54 

Bladen, 27 

Brunswick 6 

Bimcombe 73 

Burke 57 

Cabarrus 59 

Caldwell 31 

Camden 7 

Carteret 24 

Caswell 51 

Catawba 43 

Chatham 45 

Cherokee 5 

Chowan 19 

Clay 1 

Cleveland 58 

Columbus 24 

Craven 47 

Cumberland 81 

Currituck 22 

Dare 9 

Davidson 42 

Davie 52 

Duplin 63 

Durham 77 

Edgecombe 92 

Forsyth 114 

Franklin 45 



Gaston 60 

Gates 35 

Graham 3 

Granville 77 

Greene 36 

Guilford 682 

Halifax 72 

Harnett 26 

Haywood 30 

Henderson 29 

Hertford 16 

Hyde 20 

Iredell 102 

Jackson 9 

Johnston 60 

Jones 8 

Lee 9 

Lenoir 111 

Lincoln 34 

Macon 24 

Madison 8 

Martin 29 

McDowell 19 

Mecklenburg 128 

Mitchell 4 

Montgomery 36 

Moore 70 

Nash 63 

New Hanover 68 

Northampton 39 

Onslow 18 

Orange 66 

Pamlico 25 

Pasquotank 15 



136 



State Educational Institutions. 



Pender 20 

Perquimans 22 

Person 41 

Pitt 80 

Polk 6 

Randolph 98 

Richmond 55 

Robeson 73 

Rockingham 143 

Rowan 106 

Rutherford 24 

Sampson 68 

Scotland 28 

Stanly 36 

Stokes 29 



Surry 61 

Swain 4 

Transylvania 7 

Tyrrell 4 

Union 49 

Vance 59 

Wake 115 

Warren 50 

Washington 31 

Watauga 28 

Wayne 134 

Wilkes 34 

Wilson 52 

Yadkin 22 

Yancey 7 



SUMMARY. 

Founded 1891 

Number of buildings used 13 

Number of acres of land 100 

Value of buildings and land $650 , 000 

Number of volumes in library 7, 000 

Number of pupils in training school 380 

Number of students in college, regular session 586 

Number of students in college, summer session 416 

Total number of students enrolled during sessions 

1911-1912 1,002 

Number of faculty 65 

Number of matriculates since college was estab- 
lished 5,363 

Number of graduates since college was established. 597 

Annual State appropriation (maintenance) $ 87,000 



presidents. 

Charles D. McIver 1891-1906. 

Julius I. Foust, Dean 1906-1907. 

Julius I. Foust 1907- 



CULLOWHEE AND APPALACHIAN SCHOOLS. 137 

CULLOWHEE NORMAL AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. 

A. C. Reynolds, Principal, Cullowhee, N. C. 

The Cullowhee Normal and Industrial School is a State coeduca- 
tional institution for the training of teachers. It has a fine history, 
having prepared more than six hundred teachers for public school 
work and having furnished ten county superintendents to the State. 
The school was chartered in 1891, and in 1905 became a State insti- 
tution. 

The prospects were never brighter than at present. A new and 
well-equipped dormitory for young ladies has recently been erected 
and other buildings are in contemplation. The school owns and 
operates private steam heating and electric lighting plants and is 
installing an excellent gravity system that will supply the institu- 
tion with an abundance of pure water. 

The organization of the school embraces the following departments : 
Graded School, Normal, Industrial, Practice School, Music, Art, 
Expression. 

Number of buildings •. 7 

Number acres of land 27. 5 

Number of faculty ._ 10 

Value of buildings and land $ 42,000 

Annual appropriation $ 10, 000 

PRINCIPALS. 

R. L. Madison 1888-1912. 

A. C. Reynolds 1912- 



THE APPALACHIAN TRAINING SCHOOL. 

B. B. Dougherty, Superintendent, Boone, N. C. 

The Appalachian Training School for Teachers was established by 
act of the Legislature of 1903. The school is located at Boone, 
Watauga County, North Carolina, in the midst of North Carolina's 
unsurpassed mountain scenery. It is the center of education for the 
northwestern section of North Carolina, embracing some of the best 
of her mountainous counties. It draws its patronage from twenty- 
five counties. 



138 State Educational Institutions. 

The iiistitution makes uo pretensions to being a college. It is a 
normal school, and its mission is to give a higb-scliool and profes- 
sional e<lucation to linndreds of young people who cannot go else- 
where. 

During the year 1911-1912 there were 388 students in the school. 
It supplies a large proportion of the public school teachers for the 
surrounding counties, and has had a marked influence upon the 
improvement of scholarship and professional training of these teach- 
ers. In addition to this, the school has opened a way to the State 
University and the State Normal College to a large number of stu- 
dents who otherwise would not have entered those institutions. 

The first appropriation made by the Legislature was $2,000 for 
maintenance, voted by the Legislature of 1903. The Legislature of 
IdOl increased this to $4,000, and made an additional appropriation 
of .$10,000 for the enlargement of the plant. In 1909 the Legislature 
appropriated $6,000 a year for maintenance, and $8,000 per year for 
general improvements. The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $10,000 
per annum for maintenance, and $10,000 for improvements. 

SUMMARY. 

Founded 1903 

Number of buildings 6 

Number of acres of land owned 450 

Value of buildings and equipment $ 80,000 

Value of the land $ 15,000 

Number of students 388 

Number of faculty 12 

Income from State appropriation for maintenance 
per annum $ 10,000 

superintendent. 
B. B. Dougherty 1903- 



EAST CAROLINA TEACHERS TRAINING SCHOOL. 

Robert H. Wright, President, Greenville, X. C. 

The East Carolina Teachers Training School Avas established by 
act of the General Assembly of 1907. The school is located at Green- 
ville. The site contains 50 acres of land, a large part of which is 
natural forest. 



East Carolina Teachers Training School. 139 

Six buildings have been erected : two dormitories witli a capacity 
for 104 students; an administration building containing tlie offices, 
auditorium, and classrooms ; a building for the kitchen and dining- 
room (this building contains storerooms for supplies and a refriger- 
•ating plant) ; an infirmary, and a building containing the power plant 
and laundry. 

The buildings and equiianent are modern in every sense and are 
valued at $200,000. The town of Greenville and county of Pitt voted 
$100,000 in bonds for this school, and the State has made an appro- 
priation of $45,000 for buildings and equipment. These buildings, for 
lack of funds, have not yet been thoroughly e<iuippe<l, but enough 
equipment has been installed to enable the school to do efficient work. 
The equipment installed is of the best type procurable. 

Section 3 of the charter reads : "That the said school shall be 
maintained by the State for the purpose of giving to young white men 
and women such education and training as shall fit and qualify them 
to teach in the public schools of North Carolina." This clearly sets 
forth the purpose of this school. To those students who agree to 
teach there is no charge for tuition. Out of an enrollment of 595 
during the past school year, there were only five students who paid 
tuition. This shows that the management of the school is adhering 
rigidly to the purpose of the school as stated in its charter. 

The school first opened its doors for students October 5, 1000. 
During the past three years, including the summer -terms, there have 
been enrolled 1,612 students. 

summary. 

Founded * 1907 

Number of buildings 6 

Number of acres 50 

Value of buildings and grounds S200,000 

Number of students 1911-1912 595 

Annual appropriation $ 45,000 

Other income $ 1,159 

president. 
Robert H. Wright 1909- 



140 State Educational Institutions. 

THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND AND THE DEAF.* 
John E. Ray, Principal, Raleigh. 

This institution was established by act of the General Assembly 
passed January 12, 1845, while Hon. W. A. Graham was Governor of 
North Carolina. On the first day of May following the school opened 
with seven pupils, which number increased to seventeen during the 
session. The first appropriation amounted to $5,000 annually. Two 
years later it was made $10,000. W. D. Cooke, of Virginia, was 
elected first principal, and for some years the school was conducted 
in a building on Hillsboro Street, rented for the purpose. 

On April 14, 1849, the corner-stone of the present main building 
on Caswell Square, was laid by the Grand Lodge of Masons. At first 
deaf children only were received, but later blind children were also 
admitted. 

In 1868 a department for the education of the negro deaf and blind 
children of the State was established on Bloodworth Street, in the 
southeastern part of the city. This has grown to be the largest and 
best equipped school for the negro deaf and blind in the South. 

In 1894 the white deaf children were removed to their elegant new 
school at Morganton. The old school continued to grow until there 
were 186 pupils actually present in both departments, and the annual 
appropriation was $40,000. It has now grown to be the largest of its 
kind in America, and North Carolina has the proud distinction of 
doing more for its deaf and blind children, in proportion to its popu- 
lation, than any State in the Tnion. And yet this is done at a smaller 
pi-o rata expense than in any other State, save one. During these 
fourteen years the old main building has been greatly enlarged, a new 
slate roof has replaced the old tin one, modern plumbing takes the 
place of that formerly used. 

The old chapel building has been remodeled and enlarged, the main 
floor converted into a dining hall, and the upper story into a music 
hall with sixteen well-equipped practice rooms and a band room. 
This is also furnished with a new slate roof. 

The auditorium building furnishes dormitories for the boys, with 
all modern conveniences, and a good auditorium. 



*The State schools for blind white children and for the blind and deaf negro children, 
though separate institutions, in separate buildings located in different parts of the city, 
are under the same supervision. — Ed. 



School fob the Blind and the Deaf. 141 

Four years ago a very neat and convenient library was constructed, 
which is entirely fireproof, at a cost of $5,000, and a new pipe organ 
was also installed, one of the very best in the South. 

Four years ago the General Assembly made provision for renewing 
the heating plant and installing a hot-water plant instead of steam. 
At the same time provision was made for ten new pianos ; for paving 
the basement floors and the sidewalks around the premises; for out- 
door gymnasium; metal ceilings for all the rooms in the main build- 
ings and for sick wards at the colored school. 

The industrial building furnishes room for the broom, mattress, 
and cane-seating departments of the school. Similar buildings are at 
the colored department. 

During the past few years the kitchen has been covered with slate, 
the laundry enlarged nearly 50 per cent and covered with slate; the 
basement rooms of the main building and the boiler house have been 
furnished with cement floors; sick wards have been provided in the 
fourth story of the girls' building with modern conveniences, to be 
used in case of contagious or infectious diseases ; plumbing has been 
put into the rooms used for ordinary sickness, and neat covered- 
ways connecting all the principal buildings have been constructed so 
as to protect the students while passing from one building to another 
during inclement weather. 

The increased attendance has made it necessary to increase the 
appropriation for maintenance, and the Legislature has made addi- 
tions from time to time until the annual income is now .$72,500. 

This is equivalent to only about $175 per child — an amount far less 
than that used in any school for the blind in the United States. Fif- 
teen years ago the allowance per child was more than $214. With 
the increased cost of living, one can readily see how cramped must 
be the financial condition. 

A distinguished visitor to the State said recently in a public address 
made at the annual meeting of the State Association of the Blind 
held at Fayetteville : "Your school for the blind at Raleigh . . . 
needs, and should have, more funds. In many respects it is the best of 
the forty State schools for the blind in this country. It has more 
pupils than any other State. It fits more of them for independence 
than any other school. Between SO and 90 per cent of the pupils of 
your school for the blind become self-supporting. No other State 
makes such a showing, and no other of the forty schools has so little 



142 State Educational Institutions. 

money provided for the pupils as your State school. The money 
spent in your State school for the blind is the best investment your 
State ever made. Through its influence doubtless many blind are 
now self-supporting, useful and happy citizens of your State, who 
otherwise would be dependent on their family or friends, or be in- 
mates of almshouses at the expense of the State. 

"When I asked Dr. Fraser, the great educator of the blind, at 
Halifax (Nova Scotia), after his recent visit to the schools for the 
blind of this country, which he considered the best, he replied that 
none was better than the school at Raleigh, and that he could not 
understand how such a school could be run for such a small amount 
of money. ... I am sure, when your people realize your needs 
and the great work you are doing, they will come liberally to your 
aid." 

The school is now seriously haudicappetl for lack of room and of 
funds. The present quarters are entirely too circumscribed. There 
is no room for exercise grounds, and if any children need exercise, it 
is the blind; nor is there any place for additional buildings. The 
overcrowded condition of the buildings demands serious attention. 
His Excellency, the Governor, recommended in his message to the 
last General Assembly two years ago the purchase of 100 acres in the 
suburbs of the city upon which to erect new buildings upon the cot- 
tage system. This suggestion was emphasized by the State Board of 
Internal Improvements, the State Board of Health, and the Board of 
Charities. 

No steps were taken, however, and the condition is much worse 
than formerly, on account of the greatly increased attendance. The 
situation is well-nigh alarming. It is hope<l that relief will soon be at 
hand. Is it not deplorable that an institution doing such good work 
should be hindered for lack of funds? 

The literary work of the school may be well understood when it is 
known that the course of study pursued is modeled after the report 
made by the "Committee of Ten" appointed by the General Govern- 
ment several years ago. and covers a thorough course in kindergarten, 
primary, grammar, and high-school work, as good as that done in the 
very best schools in the State. 

One naturally wants to know what comes of all this. In general 
terms 85 per cent of the graduates of the school are self-supporting, 



School fob the Blind and the Deaf. 143 

and a good many of tliem have accumulated a good competency. 
Time and space will not permit a detailed statement. Let a few- 
suffice. The musical directors of Salemburg Academy and of Anniston 
(Alabama) Seminary are graduates of our school, and both totally 
blind. A member of the Board of County Commissioners of Pamlico 
County, a member of the Board of Education, and one of the most 
influential citizens, is a graduate of our scliool, and totally blind. A 
substantial merchant and mill man of Glass is another; a very suc- 
cessful farmer of Alexander County is another ; until recently one of 
the leading teachers in Caldwell County was another. Another is a 
successful church organist in Wilmington ; the principal of one of the 
high schools in Union County is another ; one is a successful merchant 
in West Virginia ; one a newsdealer in New Bern ; one a bandmaster 
and music teacher in Winston-Salem. There are many more of the 
graduates who are filling honorable positions as public-school teachers, 
music teachers, piano tuners, bandmasters, merchants, etc., etc. — 
men and women who are a credit to the State and an honor to the 
school. 

The handicraft exhibits made at the State Fair for the past few 
years have not only received universal praise, but have been awarded 
the tirst premium over all schools exhibiting, and a gold medal for 
leach of these years is in the hands of the Principal. The baud of the 
school also makes music at the Fair each year. 

A still greater honor was bestowed upon the school when the 
Jamestown Exposition authorities selected the North Carolina School 
for the Blind, out of all the schools for the blind in America, to make 
a live exhibit at the Exposition. Both departments of this school 
made exhibits, for which a gold me<lal was awarded each department, 
and these medals are now in the possession of the management of 
the school. 

Some of our students have passed the examinations required by 
the best colleges in our State, and have taken their degrees from 
them. Only recently one young man, totally blind, took his A.B. de- 
gree at our State University with honor, after which he went to 
Harvard, from which he graduated with high distinction. The Bos- 
ton papers have several times written him up as a '"wonderful blind 
man." He has since taken his doctor's degree from Chicago Uni- 
versity, and holds license to practice law from the University of 
Tennessee. 



144 State Educational Institutions. 



SUMMARY. 

Founded 1845 

Number of buildings 7 

Number of acres of land 42 

Value of buildings and equipment $200 , 000 

Value of land - $ 20,000 

Number of volumes in library (ink print) 1,500 

Number of volumes in library (Tactile print) 5,000 

Number of students 219 

Number of faculty 23 

State appropriation (including both Depts.) $ 72,500 

Income from other sources None 

NAMES AND TERMS OF SERVICE OF ALL PRINCIPALS. 

W. D. CooKE 1845-1860. 

WiLLEY J. Palmer 1860-1869. 

John Nichols 1869-1871. 

S. F. ToMLiNSON 1871-1873. 

John Nichols 1873-1877. 

Hezekiah a. Gudger 1877-1883. 

William J. Young 1883-1896. 

Frederick R. Place June, 1896-September, 1896. 

John E. Ray 1896- 

colored department. 

Founded . 1869 

Number of buildings 4 

Value of buildings and equipment $ 75,000 

Number of volumes m library (ink print) 500 

Number of volumes in library (Tactile print) 1 , 500 

Number of students 195 

Number of faculty 17 



THE NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE [WHITE] 

DEAF AND DUMB. 

E. McK. Goodwin, Superintendent, Morganton. 

In 1845 this State first attempted the education of her deaf and 
dumb children, being the ninth State in the Union to undertake the 
education of this class of children. The first year seven pupils were 
admitted. Soon thereafter the blind children of the State were pro- 
vided for under the same management, and the institution became the 



School fob the Deaf and Dumb. 145 

Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind. 
Both classes were admitted into the institution at Raleigh till the 
Legislature of 1891 were made to realize that there was only a small 
part of either class being educated, for up to that time only about 25 
per cent were being even partially educated. 

In 1891 the General Assembly passed an act creating and establish- 
ing the North Carolina School for the Deaf and Dumb for the white 
.race only, and located it at Morganton. The school was opened for 
the reception of pupils in 1894. All the white deaf children then in 
school at Raleigh were admitted to the new school, which had very 
limited support then. There were only 102 present the iirst year, but 
as soon as the Legislature made provision, the school admitted 162, 
and the attendance has increased steadily till 262 were admitted last 
year. But there are still, perhaps, 33 per cent of the eligible deaf 
Children not in school, and there are many adult deaf in North Caro- 
lina now entirely uneducated. It is a significant fact, however, that 
this State has the largest attendance in proportion to her population 
of any Southern State, and, indeed, compares favorably with the 
Northern States in this respect. 

The statute prescribes the public school course of the State, and 
allows high school work for those who want to go to college. 

In addition to the regular school work, we have four industrial 
departments, for the boys, where they are given, as far as possible, 
the knowledge of handicraft in the elementary branches. The four 
departments for the boys are farming and gardening, woodwork and 
carpentry, typesetting and printing, and shoemaking. The girls are 
taught general domestic work, including cooking, plain sewing and 
dressmaking. Primary handicraft is taught to the small children. 

America leads the world in her provision for the education of the 
deaf. From 1817, when the first school was established in America, 
till about 1868, all the schools used the French system, which is the 
manual or sign method ; but in 1868, the German or oral method was 
introduced, and while the progress has been slow, the proportion has 
constantly increased till at present about 75 per cent of all the deaf 
children in the United States, now in school, are being taught by the 
oral method. Many of these children learn to speak and read speech 
of others, sufficiently to become invaluable to themselves and to the 
great convenience of the members of their families. But even if 

10 



140 State Educational Institutions. 

their speech is not natural nor good, the written language of the 
orally taught deaf is more natural and smoother in expression than 
that of the deaf taught manually. 

The North Carolina School has two departments to meet the de- 
mands, and is known in the profession as a combined school. Our 
orally taught pupils become as adept "sign makers" as the manually 
taught. They acquire the manual language by association with those 
who sign and spell on their fingers. The orally taught get all the 
manually taught get, and also what speech and speech-reading they 
get from the system, beyond what those manually taught even claim 
to get. Some of the largest and best schools for the deaf in America 
are "pure oral" schools. 

The North Carolina School has prepared a number of students for 
Gallaudet College, where they have graduated with distinction. Many 
of our former students have done well in the race of life, making a' 
good living and good citizens. 

Our school plant is worth at least $350,000, and our greatest needs 
to-day are a hospital building and an adequate boiler-house and 
industrial equipments. The school from its creation has had a broad 
and liberal-minded board of directors of practical business men. The 
present board is composed of Prof. M. H. Holt, president ; A. C. 
Miller, J. L. Scott, Jr., Dr. I. P. Jeter, A. L. James, W. R. Whitsou. 
and Dr. J. H. Mock. E. McK. Goodwin has been superintendent since 
its establishment. 

The school has now a staff of twenty-four regular grade teachers 
and an educational principal, a supervising teacher in Goodwin Hall, 
our new primary school, and four industrial teachers. 

About 800 pupils have been enrolled since opening in 1894. 

SUMMARY. 

Founded 1894 

Number of buildings 4 

Number of acres of land 327 

Value of buildings and equipment $350 , 000 

Value of land $ 15,000 

Number of volumes in library 3,100 

Number of faculty (including one principal) 30 

State appropriation $55, 000 

Income from other sources $ 3,700 



Stonewall Jackson Training School. 141 



THE STONEWALL JACKSON MANUAL TRAINING AND 
INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. 

Walter Thompson, Superintendent. 

The Stonewall Jacksou Manual Training and Industrial School 
was established a few years ago as the result of the labors of many 
public-spirited citizens who had advocated such an institution for a 
number of years, and particularly as the result of the unceasing 
efforts of the King's Daughters. 

The legislative act creating the board of trustees and providing 
for its conduct was passed at the session of 1907. The institution 
opened January 12, 1909, with provision for 30 boys. The capacity 
was soon increased to GO and will be increased to 90 early in the 
year 1913. J. P. Cook. Concord, X. C, is chairman of the board of 
trustees. Walter Thompson is superintendent. Value of buildings 
and grounds, $65,000. Appropriation for maintenance, $15,000. Ap- 
propriation for permanent improvements, $10,000. Acres in farm. 
290. 

SUMMARY. 

Opened 1909 

Buildings 4 • 

Acres of land 290 

Value of buildings and equipment $ 40,100 

Value of land $ 10,000 

Pupils 60 

State appropriation — 

Maintenance $10, 000 

Permanent improvements $ 10,000 

superintendent. 
Walter Thompson 1909- 



148 State Educational Institutions. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOLS FOR THE COLORED RACE AND 
FOR THE INDIANS OF ROBESON COUNTY. 

J. A. BiviNs, Supervisor, Raleigh. 

The State maintains three normal schools for the training of negro 
teachers, and one for the training of teachers for the Indians of 
Robeson County. The normal schools for the negroes are located at 
Fayetteville, Elizabeth City, and Winston-Salem ; the school for the 
Indians of Robeson County is located at Pembroke. 

The first superintendent of these schools was Charles L. Coon, 
elected in 1904. In January, 1907, he was succeeded by John Duckett, 
who died November 16, 190S. J. A. Bivius has been superintendent 
since January, 1909. 

Most of the negro teachers in the sections where these schools are 
located have received their training in these schools. Industrial 
training, especially in domestic science, is required in all of them. 
In the Slatej.- School at Winston-Salem shop and farm work are 
taught. At Fayetteville shop and farm work are also taught to a 
limited extent. These industrial features are not as successful as 
they should be, owing to lack of funds. The salaries of the teachers 
of domestic science in these schools are paid out of the Slater Fund, 
for which purpose the trustees of this fund appropriate $1,200 
annually. 

There has been a gradual expansion in the plants and equipment 
of these schools, as well as a satisfactory increase in attendance. 
In addition to the new dormitory erected at Fayetteville two years 
ago, costing $10,000, a handsome new dormitory was erected also at 
Elizabeth City at a cost, for building and equipment, of about $20,000. 
The remainder of the debt on the Slater property at Winston-Salem, 
originally $12,000, was paid off two years ago. Since the erection of 
the dormitory at Elizabeth City, the school has moved into its new 
quarters in the suburbs of the city. The Normal School building, 
which was erected in 190S, had remained unoccupied for lack of dor- 
mitory facilities, while the school continued to be taught in the old 
and very inadequate structure within the corporate limits of the city. 
The school at Winston-Salem will erect a dormitory next year. 

The trustees of the Indian Normal School at Pembroke by deed, 
made and executed in the year 1911, conveyed the title and ownership 



NoBMAL Schools fob Negeoes. 149 

of their property to the State Board of Education. This property had 
formerly belonged to the trustees of the Croatan Normal School, as it 
was then styled. Prepai'ations are being made to erect a dormitory at 
this school costing about $4,000, toward which amount the General 
Assembly of 1911 appropriated $2,000. 



FAYETTEVILLE COLORED NORMAL SCHOOL. 
E. E. Smith, Prinoipal. 

Founded 1877 

Number of buildings 3 

Number of acres of land 39 

Value of buildings $ 20,000 

Value of land $ 2,500 

Number of students (primary) 63 

Number of students (preparatory) 92 

Number of students (normal) 131 

Number of faculty 8 

State appropriation (maintenance) $ 3,500 

State appropriation (buildings) $ 1,500 

From Slater Fimd $ 1,000 

Income from sale of Woodard land $ 2, 500 



ELIZABETH CITY COLORED NORMAL SCHOOL. 
P. W. Moore, Principal. 

Founded 1892 

Number of buildings 3 

Number of acres of land 18 

Value of buildings $ 35,000 

Value of land $ 3,500 

Number of students (primary) 65 

Number of students (preparatory) 112 

Number of students (normal) 339 

Number of faculty 9 

State appropriation (maintenance) $ 3,450 

State appropriation (building) $ 18,500 

From Slater Fund S 450 

From tuition, etc $ 474.38 



150 State Educational Institutions. 

STATE INDUSTRIAL AND NORMAL SCHOOL AT 
WINSTON-SALEM. 

F. M. Kennedy, Principal. 

Founded 1895 

Number of buildings 2 

Number of acres of land 17 

Value of buildings $18,000.00 

Value of land $ 1,000.00 

Number of volumes in library 1, 000 

Number of students (primary) 160 

Number of students (preparatory) 35 

Number of students (normal) 184 

Number of faculty 10 

State appropriation (maintenance) $ 4,250.00 

From Slater Fund $ 700.00 

, Special State appropriation for building $ 1,000.00 

From tuition, incidental fees, etc $ 466 . 60 



INDIAN NORMAL SCHOOL AT PEMBROKE. 
O. Y. Hamrick, Principal. 

Founded 1887 

Number of buildings 1 

Number of acres of land 10 

Value of building $ 3, 000 

Value of land $ 500 

Number of students (primary) 85 

Intermediate and normal 77 

Number of faculty 3 

State appropriation (maintenance) $ 2,250 

'State appropriation, special (for building) $ 2,000 

superintendents. 

Charles L. Coon 1904-1907. 

John Duckett 1907-1908. 

J. A. BiviNS 1908- 



Agriculttjkal and Mechanical College fob Negroes. 151 

THE STATE AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE 
FOR THE COLORED RACE. 

James B. Dudley, President, Greensboro. 

The Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race was 
establishe<l by an act of the General Assembly of North Carolina, 
ratified March 9, 1891. The leading object of the institution is de- 
clared by the act to be instruction in practical agriculture, the me- 
chanic arts, and such branches of learning as relate thereto. 

The management and control of the college and the care and preser- 
A-ation of all its property is vested in a board of trustees, consisting of 
fifteen members, who are elected by the General Assembly, or ap- 
pointed by the Governor, for a term of six years. 

The trustees, by the act of the Legislature, have power to prescribe 
rules for the management and preservation of good order and morals 
at the college; to elect the president, instructors, and as many other 
officers and servants as they shall deem necessary ; have charge of the 
disbursements of the funds, and have general and entire supervision 
of the establishment and maintenance of the college. 

The financial support of the college for the payment of salaries and 
purchase of apparatus and equipment is derived, for the most part, 
from the United States, under an act of Congress, known as the 
"Morrill Act." passed August 20. 1890. This act makes an annual 
appropriation for each State and Territory for the endowment and 
support of colleges for the benefit of agriculture and mechanic arts, 
to be applied "only to instruction in agriculture, the mechanic arts, 
the English language and the various branches of mathematics, physi- 
cal, natural, and economic sciences, with special reference to their 
application in the industries of life and to the facilities of such in- 
struction." 

The college also receives an appropriation from the State for general 
maintenance, which cannot be provided for under the laws governing 
the use of Federal appropriations. 

The citizens of Greensboro donated fourteen acres of land and 
$11,000, to be used in construction of buildings. In 1893 this was 
supplemented by an appropriation of $10,000 by the General Assembly. 
The main building, one of the finest school edifices in North Carolina, 
was completed in 1893, and the school opened in the fall of that year. 



152 State Educational Institutions. 

Every negro who will observe the splendid record of success and of 
usefulness which the graduates almost without exception are malting 
must naturally feel grateful to the "Old North State" for the excellent 
work that this Commonwealth is doing for the uplift of its negro citi- 
zens. Every intelligent citizen, black or white, who will note the sub- 
stantial interest and splendid support that this institution is receiving 
from every State official and from the representatives of the people in 
every Legislature, must admire the wise and liberal treatment North 
Carolina is giving for the maintenance of helpful institutions for her 
negro citizens, and ever appreciate the excellent results that are being 
accomplished. It is certain no negro can study the important work 
of this institution and its influence for the advancement of all people 
without feeling a stronger sense of obligation to his State that he 
should strive to be a better, truer, and more patriotic citizen of the 
great State of North Carolina. 

The institution is located in the eastern part of the city of Greens- 
boro, about one mile from the railway station, upon an elevated tract 
of about 25 acres of land. About a mile from the college the insti- 
tution has a farm of 103% acres, most of which is under cultivation. 

The college has four modern brick buildings, two barns, a small 
dairy building, two small greenhouses, a piggery, and a few smaller 
buildings. 

The college has outgrown its facilities for instruction in mechanic 
arts. The present equipment, w-hich is the original, with very few 
additions, is wearing out and in some cases obsolete. The influence of 
this department is far-reaching, as is evidenced by the work of the 
graduates. Among the graduates of this institution are some of the 
best and most progressive mechanics in North Carolina. There are 
substantial evidences of their work in Raleigh. St. Agnes Hospital is 
probably the most conspicuous. This building was erected by J. W. 
Holmes, a graduate of the A. and M. College. He is superintendent 
of industries at St. Augustine's School, Raleigh. The Tupper Memo- 
rial Building at Shaw University was designed and built by G. A. 
Edwards, a graduate of the A. and M. College. G. A. Edwards is in 
chai-ge of the mechanical department at Shaw. There is a large 
■demand for graduates in mechanics from this institution to organize 
and take charge of the mechanical courses in the schools of the State, 
showing that the other institutions are using the mechanical depart- 
ment of the A. and M. College as a model. The superintendent and 



Agkicultubal and Mechanical College fob Negroes. 153 

manager of the Durham Textile Mills, C. C. Amey, is a graduate of 
this institution. The negroes of the State are appreciating better 
every day the advantages of this school as a trade school, and this is 
due to the success of the trade students. 

The A. and M. College, in order to keep its standard of instruction 
and usefulness, will have to increase its etiuipmeut for instruction in 
the trades. The etficiency of the mechanical department of the A. 
and M. College would be greatly increased if provisions were made 
for a thorough overhauling of such machines and tools as are now in 
that department and the addition of a few new machines and tools to 
meet the greatly increased demands for instruction. 

For instruction in agriculture, the college has no building and 
practically no facilities, yet the college has made greater advance- 
ment and has achieved greater success along this than any other line. 
The best evidence of the value of the instruction in agriculture as 
given at the A. and M. College is found in the success of its graduates. 
W. T. Johnson, a graduate, is running a very successful farm near 
Greensboro, and is doing a thriving dairy business in the city. One 
graduate in Cumberland County is clearing over $1,000 a year on his 
farm ; a graduate of the class of 1908, who is operating his own farm 
in Cumberland County, has recently organized a dairy company in 
Fayetteville which is doing a thriving business. Another graduate of 
the class of 1907, who has been running his own farm of 100 acres in 
Chatham County, has recently been appointed farm demonstrator by 
the U. S. Department of Agriculture for Guilford County. In a civil 
service examination held last year to secure eligibles for the appoint- 
ment of a teacher of agriculture at the Carlisle Indian School, one of 
our graduates stood the highest and received the appointment. A 
number of our graduates are employed in dairy industries. A member 
of the class of 1910 is employed by the Rennie Dairy Company, of 
Richmond, Va., as buttermaker. This company churns over 1,000 
gallons of cream daily. A graduate of the class of 1907 is employed 
as head teacher at the Voorhees Normal and Industrial School in 
South Carolina ; one is superintendent of a 1.200-acre farm at the 
Brick School, Edgecombe County ; another is running his own farm in 
Alamance County ; a graduate of the class of 1902 is florist at Tuske- 
gee Institute, Tuskegee, Ala. ; another has charge of the orchards, and 
still another is in charge of the live-stock department at that famous 
institution. 



154 State Educational Institutions. 

Several gi-aduates are teaching in agricultural schools. One is in 
charge of the agricultural department of the Colored A. and M. Col- 
lege of West Virginia, and one of the graduates of the class of 1909 
is teaching in the State Normal School at Fayetteville, X. C. Until 
recently one of our graduates had charge of the agricultural depart- 
ment in the State Normal School for negroes at Frankfort, Ky. A 
number. of our graduates are farming and teaching rural schools 
during the winter months. A graduate in Halifax County is one 
of the few colored teachers who has succeeded in establishing a rural 
library in connection with his school. 

The number of students in the agricultural department has in- 
creased fivefold in the past five years, which goes to show that the 
thoughtful colored boy is recognizing the fact that farming offers 
better inducements than any other line of industry, and he is, there- 
fore, seeking training to that end. 

All of the graduates of last year's class were from the agricultural 
department. These students come directly from the farm for the 
purpose of getting instruction in the modern methods of farming in 
order to produce maximum crops at a minimum cost. It is a business 
proposition to them, pure and simple. They are seeking an education 
in order to increase their productive capacity. Every time the A. and 
M. College increases the productive capacity of a student, it increases 
the productive capacity of the State, and thereby increases the wealth 
of the State to that extent. Therefore, every dollar exjiended by the 
State in increasing the productive capacity of its colored citizens is a 
business proposition in the present sense. 

In order that the A. and M. College may meet the demands made 
upon it for instruction in agriculture, it is necessary that a building 
and equipment be provided for this purpose similar to that already 
provided by the State for instruction in the mechanic arts. Money 
invested by the State for this purpose will, in course of time, revert 
to the State in the form of taxes from increased agricultural devel- 
opment. 



Agbicultueal and ^Iechanical College eok Negroes. 155 



SUMMARY. 

Founded 1891 

Number of buildings 7 

Number of acres of land owned. 128^ 

Value of buildings and equipment . $ 102,572 

Value of land $ 27,000 

Number of volumes in the library 1, 494 

Number of students (incomplete) 315 

Number of faculty 19 

Income from State appropriation $ 12,500 

Income from Federal appropriation '_ 14,850 

presidents. 

John O. Crosby 1892-1896. 

James B. Dudley '_ 1896- 



1 



PART VI. 



STATE CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 



1. Central Hospital fok the Insane. 

2. Western Hospital for the Insane. 

3. Eastern Hospital FOR THE (Colored) Insane. 

4. ISToRTH Carolina Sanatorium for the Treatment of 

Tuberculosis. 

5. IsToRTH Carolina School for the Feeble-minded. 

6. Oxford Orphan Asylum. 

7. The Soldiers'' Home. 



CENTRAL HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 
J. L. PicoT, M.D., Superintendent, Raleigh. 

The State Hospital at Raleigh is situated one mile directly south- 
west of the city of Raleigh, just over the city's boundary line. The 
ht)use was erected on the apex of the watershed between Walnut 
Creek on the south and Rocky Branch on the north and is drained 
in the best natural sanitary manner possible. 

Every one knows that this institution was built for the unfortunate 
of North Carolina by the unceasing and persistent efforts of Miss 
Dorothy Dix, who appeared before the Legislature in 1S48, and by the 
effective help and eloquent plea of the Hon. James C. Dobbin, of Fay- 
etteville, the passage of the bill was secured by a vote of a hundretl 
and one yeas and ten nays. 

The act provided for the appointment of six commissioners — Hon- 
orables John M. Morehead, of Guilford; Calvin Graves, of Caswell; 
T. N. Cameron, of Cumberland ; G. W. Mordecai, of Wake ; C. L. Hiu- 
ton, of Wake, and G. O. Watson, of Johnston — to select and purchase 
a tract of land upon which to erect a building for the purpose of 
providing for the insane. These commissioners did their work with- 
out compensation, and that they did it well is manifested by the ele- 
gant and substantial structure upon this site. 

In 1S56 the building was near enough to completion for the first 
board of directors to instruct Dr. E. C. Fisher to order in 40 patients, 
Dr. Fisher having been elected superintendent by the board. Dr. 
Fisher held this office until July 7, 18G8. when he was superseded by 
Dr. Eugene Grissom. Dr. Grissom held the office until succeeded by 
Dr. William K. Wood, of Halifax County, who remained in office but 
a short w^hile, and was succeeded by Dr. George L. Kirby, who died 
of itneumonia in February, 1901. Dr. James McKee was elected the 
following March as his successor. He died in office in 1912 and was 
succeeded by Dr. J. L. Picot. 

The Legislatures have gradually awakened to the necessity of pro- 
viding for the insane. The legislature of 1904 gave the Hospital 
?40,UOO, and with it a more commodious fireproof building was 
erected, with a capacity of 80 additional female patients. The Legis- 
lature of 1907 enacted a law providing for a Hospital Commission, 
and gave them $500,000 to add to the building and erect upon the 



160 State Charitable Institutions. 

grounds such structures as would be conducive to the comfort and 
restoration of the health of the insane. A storehouse was the first 
building i)ut up by the commission, at a cost of $4,200 ; then a car- 
penter shop at a cost of $3,800. Next an annex for 100 men, at a cost 
of $48,265. Out of the $500,000 appropriation the Legislature re- 
quired them to pay for the Grimes land, 1,136 acres, at a cost of 
$53,500. 

In 190S the commission disbursed the following amounts : In Feb- 
ruary, $11,405.75 for heating, plumbing, sewer pipes, sewers, and an 
addition to complete storeroom ; in October, 1908, one building for 
women, $21,900; three groups of buildings, making nine, at $14,813 
apiece, one of these groups being for male convalescent patients, and 
the other two male and female epileptic, respectively, and with the 
cost of sewer and pipe connection with the A. and M. College, costing 
$500, aggregating $66,919. 

SUMMARY. 

Foimded 1856 

Number of buildings 15 

Number of acres of land 1,311 

Number of patients 1,114 

Number of attendants 58 

Annual appropriation $175,000 



WESTERN HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 

John McCampbell, M.D., Superintendent, Morganton. 

The State Hospital at Morganton was founded in 1875, but was not 
regularly opened for the reception of patients until 18S3. At the 
time of its opening, it had a capacity of about 225 patients. Com- 
pletion of the north wing brought the capacity up to 420 beds. From 
time to time buildings have been added until the entire plant now 
comprises ten buildings for patients, with a total capacity of approxi- 
mately 1,250 beds. The present population, including those away on 
parol, is 1,309. The demand for admission is far in excess of the 
capacity of the house, and more than one-third of those applying 
have to be rejected for lack of room. The hospital is in sore need of 
increased capacity and better facilities for the treatment of acute 
cases. The annual appropriation for support during the past two 
years has been $195,000, which, with strict economy, has been 
sufficient. 



Hospital for Colored Insane. IGl 



SUMMARY. 

Institution founded 1875 

Number of buildings 10 

Nvimber of acres of land 900 

Number .of inmates 1, 309 

Number of attendants 90 

Annual appropriation $ 195,000 

superintendents. 

Dr. p. L. Murphy 1882-1907. 

Dr. John McCampbell 1907- 



EASTERN HOSPITAL FOR THE (COLORED) INSANE. 

Dr. W. W. Faison, Stiperintendent, Ooldshoro. 

This institution was opened for the reception of patients August 1, 
1880. The number of patients received since Its beginning is 3,973, 
number discharged 3,183, number of patients remaining on roll 790. 

SUMMARY. 

Founded 1880 

Number of buildings 13 

Number of acres of land 690 

Value of buildings and ecjuipment $ 270,000 

Value of land___l $ 27,000 

Number of inmates 790 

Number of attendants 52 

State appropriation per annum $85 , 000 . 00 

Income from other sources (estimated) 3, 500 

SUPERINTENDENTS. 

W. H. Moore 1880-1882. 

J. D. Roberts 1882-1888. 

J. F. Miller 1888-1906. 

W. W. Faison 1906- 



11 



162 



State Charitable Institutions. 



NORTH CAROLINA SANATORIUM FOR THE TREATMENT OF 

TUBERCULOSIS.* 

M, E. Stkeet, M.D., Superintendent, Aberdeen, X. C. 

The North Carolina Sanatorium for the Treatment of Tuberculosis 
was authorized by an act of the General Assembly of 1907. For this 
purpose the General Assembly appropriated the sum of $15,000 for 
construction and $5,000 annual maintenance. The sum of $7,750 was 
expended for land amounting to 950 acres. Three buildings were 
begun in 1908, consisting of one two-story pavilion, 46x68, which 
would accommodate about 35 patients when completed, a kitchen 
and dining-room, diuing-room to accommodate 20 patients, and one 
three-room cottage for help to live in. A part of this tract of land 
consists of a farm with an eight-room farmhouse; there are about 
60 acres in cultivation. 

The General Assembly of 1909 appropriated $30,000 to continue the 
work of construction and increased the annual maiutenance to $7,500. 
This enabled the institution to install power plant, to furnish lights 
and pump water — a complete water system; plenty pure fresh water 
is furnished from two deep wells, one of these wells being 225 feet and 
the other 245 feet; plumbing in all the buildings, a complete sewer 
system; finish the buildings begun with the first appropriation, 
and erect the following new buildings: One two-story pavilion to 
accommodate about 20 patients; one large club-house for amusement 
of such patients as can take exercise; one fourteen-room nurses' 
building, superintendent's cottage, four-room cottage for colored help, 
four-room cottage for electrician at power plant, fumigating-room 
and crematory. A large kitchen and dining-hall to accommodate 100 
patients are in course of construction, with funds in hand to pay for 
same. Also, repairs on farmhouse, for the fencing of 300 acres of 
land, including farm and 200 acres in park; 50 acres have been 
parked ; and development of farm, and a dairy. Three hundred and 
twenty-five acres of land were purchased with the last appropriation 
for $1,200, making in all 1,275 acres of land. 

♦This is the same statement that appeared in the Manual of 1911. I regret that I have 
been unable to secure from the Superintendent a re^-ised statement for the present Man- 
ual. — ^Ed. 



School for the Feeble-minded. 163 

SUMMARY. 

Value of buildings and equipment $ 35,000 

Number of acres 1,275 

Value of land $ 18,000 

Number of patients 30 

Attendants 10 

Annual appropriation $ 7, 750 

SUPERINTENDENT. 

Dr. J. E. Brooks term, two years. 



NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE FEEBLE-MINDED. 

Ira M. Hardy, M.D., Superintendent, Kinston. 

According to the Constitution of North Carolina, Article II, section 
9, the North Carolina School for the Feeble-minded was authorized 
by an act of the General Assembly of 1911 by a State bond issue of 
$(30,000 to begin the work. 

On account of the limited amount of bonds issued, the trustees 
decided to ask communities to make bids for the location of said 
school. After a spirited contest between several communities the 
county of Lenoir, through a committee of seventeen of its represent- 
ative citizens, raised a considerable amount of money and bought 
847 acres of land and donated it to the school, together with free 
electric lights from the power plant at Kinston for a period of five 
years. The board of trustees later bought 49 acres of land, making a 
total of 895 acres of land. On this laud there are a number of good 
farm buildings which can be used to good advantage by the institu- 
tion. The value of the gift is not less than $25,000, which does not 
include a side-track 3,000 feet long, from the railroad to the power- 
house, which the Norfolk and Southern Railway Company donated; 
estimated cost of building $5,000; making a total valuation of the 
property donated $80,000. 

On this property is flowing artesian water. The land is part of the 
old Richard Caswell grant, near where his remains lie, located a mile 
and a quarter from Kinston, on the Norfolk and Southern Railroad at 
Hines Junction, and on the Central Highway that leads from Beau- 
fort to Waynesville. 



164 



State Charitable Institutions. 



The buildings are on a semi-circular plan, 2,000 feet from the high- 
way, on a hill facing the south, the railroad, and the highway, and 
present a commanding appearance. There will be four substantial 
and permanent buildings in the first group. The main building will 
contain a dining-room, a matron's ofBce, and eight sleeping rooms. 
The kitchen is located in the rear of this building and is connected 
to it by a covered walkway. There will be a dormitory on each side 
of the central building, one for boys and one for girls, to accommodate 
about sixty-five each. 

The superintendent already has in hand six times as many applica- 
tions for admission as the institution will accommodate. This insti- 
tution takes a class that no other institution in the State cares for, 
namely, imbeciles, idiots, backward and feeble-minded children. This 
institution is a part of the State's great system of public education. 



OXFORD ORPHAN ASYLUM. 
R. L. Brown, Superintendent, Oxford. 

In the year 1S72 the Oxford Orphan Asylum was established by the 
Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free and Accepted Order of Masons of 
North Carolina. 

It was the first institution of its character established in the State 
and one of the first in the South. 

This property was originally the old St. John's College, and was 
established in 1S55 by the Grand Lodge of North Carolina for educa- 
tional purposes. After being tried for a number of years and proving 
a failure financially, the Grand Lodge in 1S72 decided to turn the 
property into a home for the orphan children of the State. 

This was accomplished largely through the instrumentality of John 
H. Mills, who offered the resolution at the meeting of the Grand 
Lodge and worked for its adoption without very great encouragement. 
It was, therefore, quite fitting that he should have been chosen to be 
the first superintendent of the orphanage. 

The purpose of the institution is to provide a temporary home and 
ti-aining school for the homeless boys and girls of the State. 

The conditions of admission of the white children of North Caro- 
line are : That they are really destitute and homeless ; that they are 
of sound mind and body ; and they are not under six years of age or 
over twelve. 



Oxford Orphan Asylum. 165 

The benefits of Oxford Orphan Asylum have never been restricted to 
the children of Masons alone. Only about one-eighth or 12^2 per cent 
of its children had fathers who were Masons. 

About 2,850 children have received the care and training of the 
institution since 1872. 

The institution is providing the necessities of life for these children, 
the opportunity to acquire an English education, industrial training 
in cottages, kitchen, sewing-room, laundry, shoeshop, printing office, 
telegraphy and typewriting, woodworking shop, dairy, and on farm. 
Each child is in school at least the half of each school day during the 
school term of nine months. Moral and religious instruction is 
prominent in the work. 

In recognition of the services of the Oxford Orphan Asylum, its 
value to our Commonwealth in its work, the State of North Carolina 
appropriates ?10,000 annually to aid in its maintenance and extension. 

Annually a report of the operations of the institution is made to 
the Governor of the State and to the State Board of Public Charities. 

At the request of the Grand Lodge of Masons, the State of North 
Carolina is represented by three members on the board of directors 
of the Orphanage. These are appointed by the Governor of the State. 

SUMMARY. 

Founded 1872 

Number of buildings 24 

Number of acres of land 242 

Value of land, buildings, and equipment $150,000.00 

Number of volumes in library 1, 800 

Number of children in institution (Sept. 1, 1912). 320 

Number of officers and teachers 35 

Annual income (State appropriation) $ 10,000.00 

Annual income (other sources) 22,300.00 

Annual per capita cost 83. 60 

SUPERINTENDENTS. 

J. H. Mn^LS Served 11 years. 

B. F. Dixon Served 7 years. 

Junius T. Harris Served 3 months. 

W. S. Black Served 3 years. 

N. M. Lawrence Served 4 years. 

W. J. Hicks 1.. Served 12 years. 

R. L. Brown Served since 1910. 



166 State Charitable Institutions. 

THE SOLDIERS' HOME.* 
Capt. W. S. Linebekby, Superintendent, Raleigh. 

So far as can be ascertained from the records on file in ttie office of 
the Soldiers' Home, a home for indigent Confederate soldiers was 
first established in a rented house at the corner of Polk and Blood- 
worth streets, in the city of Raleigh, and declared to be opened on 
October 15, 1890, with five inmates. W. C. Stronach, under the 
auspices of the Daughters of the Confederacy, acted as superintendent, 
and looked after the personal comforts of the men. 

The General Assemblj- of 1891, chapter GO, Private Laws, incor- 
porated Gen. Robert F. Hoke, Col. William L. Saunders, Col. A. B. 
Andrews, Capt. S. A. Ashe, Gen. Rufus Barringer, Gen. A. M. Scales, 
Gen. Robert B. Vance, Gen. Thomas L. Cliugman, Gen. W. P. Roberts, 
Gen. Julian S. Carr, Capt. Thomas J. Jarvis, Col. W. P. Wood, Gen. 
Matt W. Ransom and other members of the Confederate Veterans' 
Association, under the name and style of "The Soldiers' Home Asso- 
ciation," and conferred upon this association the usual corporate 
powers. The act gave to the Soldiers' Home Association a tract of 
laud near the eastern section of the city of Raleigh, known as Camp 
Russell, to be used for the purposes of a Soldiers' Home, and, if it 
should cease to be so used, to revert to and belong to the State. The 
same act appropriated $3,000 for the maintenance of the Soldiers' 
Home and the support of its inmates. Section 6 of the act is as 
follows : 

"The directors shall cause to be kept a minute-book of the home, in 
which full entries shall be kept concerning memorable incidents in the 
lives of its inmates. They shall also take steps to form a museum of 
Confederate relics and to perpetuate such historical records of the 
Confederate soldiers of North Carolina as they shall find it practi- 
cable to do." 

The act was ratified February 14, 1901. 

On April 27, 1891, the number of inmates of the Soldiers' Home 
having increased to 9, they were removed to an old building at Camp 
Russell which had been fitted up for the purposes of the home. Miss 
Mary Williams was appointed matron and served in that capacity 
until February 15, 1893, when Capt. J. H. Fuller was made resident 



•This article was prepared for The Manual by Capt. W. F. Drake. 



The Soldiers' Home. 167 

superintendent. On February 1, 1S9S, Superintendent Fuller resigned. 
Feebleness of age and the increase in number of inmates had made 
the duties too arduous for one of his strength. 

Capt. R. H. Brooks was elected to succeed Captain Fuller, and 
served until his death on June 14, 1910. The number of inmates con- 
tinued to increase during his term, and the necessity for new and larger 
buildings became urgent. A, dormitory was built to accommodate 
70 inmates, and furnished by liberal donations from the Daughters 
of the Confederacy and others. A large hospital was built, medical 
attention given, nurses employed, water, sewerage, and electric lights 
provided and the grounds made attractive. Such heavy expense 
exceeded the appropriation made by the State, and at the close of 
Captain Brooks' term the books showed the home to be in arrears to 
the extent of $6,000 ; but all felt confident that the Legislature would 
provide for the deficiency. 

The present superintendent, Capt. W. S. Lineberry, was elected to 
succeed Captain Brooks, and entered upon his duties July 20, 1910. 

An appropriation of $30,000 was made by the Legislature of 1911 
for the support of the home, and a further appropriation of $3,500 for 
the construction of an additional building of ten rooms, which has 
been completed and is now occupied. The home is now out of debt ; 
the buildings bright with new paint ; the grounds ornamented with 
trees and shrubbery, and the walks clean. The old comrades are, as a 
rule, contented. The fare is good, the rooms comfortable, the regula- 
tions reasonable, and an air of cheerfulness pervades. All this has 
come from the humble beginning of October, 1890. 

superintendents. 

Miss Mary Williams 1891-1893. 

Capt. J. H. Fuller 1893-1898. 

Capt. R. H. Brooks 1898-1910. 

Capt. W. S. Lineberry 1910- 

summary. 

Founded 1890 

Number inmates received 986 

Number died 414 

Number now in Home 135 



1! 
ii 



PART VII. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



1. The ISToRTH Carolina Railroad Company. 

2. The Atlantic and JSTorth Carolina Eailroad 

Company. 

3. ISToRTH Carolina Agricultural Society. 

4. State Capitol. 

5. State Administration Building. 

6. ITorth Carolina Day. 

1. Constitution of North Carolina. 
8. Election Returns. 



i 



THE NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD COMPANY. 
A. H. Eller, Secretary and Treasurer * 

The greatest of all enterprises so far attempted by the State of 
North Carolina in the nature of a public or internal improvement 
was the building of the North Carolina Railroad from Goldsboro by 
way of Raleigh, Greensboro and Salisbury, to Charlotte. 

Considering the experimental state of railroading at that time, the 
dread of public or private indebtedness, and the limited resources, 
the movement was a monumental enterprise — and one in advance of 
anything attempted by almost any other State in the Union. The 
success, however, which has crowned the labors and sacrifices of our 
fathers has established beyond all question that their wisdom was 
equal to, or superior to, any displayed before or since their day. 

In 1S33, the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company and the Wil- 
mington and Raleigh, afterwards known as the Wilmington and Wel- 
don Railroad Company, were chartered, and later these roads were 
built. In 1848 the former was in the hands of the State, and was in 
a bankrupt condition for the want of patronage. It was necessary to 
give it some connection, or to extend it. At the session of November, 
1S4S, the western counties urged a charter for a road from Charlotte 
to Danville, asking no State aid; but the eastern members opposed 
that project. The finances of the State were in such an impoverished 
condition that it was generally deemed impracticable for the State 
to give any considerable aid to any railroad ; but William S. Ashe, 
the Democratic Senator from New Hanover, introduced a bill to con- 
struct a road from Goldsboro to Charlotte, under the name of tlie 
North Carolina Railroad, and appropriating two millions of dollars 
for that purpose, on condition, however, that private parties could 
subscribe one million, and to secure the payment of the State bonds 
when issued, a lien was given on the State's stock. 

When the western men brought up the Charlotte and Danville bill 
in the House, Stanley and other eastern men opposed it so bitterly 
that it could not pass, and then in a dramatic scene, the friends of 
internal improvement agreed to send to the Senate and take the 
Ashe bill from the files and offer it as a substitute. After a great and 



*The writer acknowledges his indebtedness to Capt. S. A. Ashe for the historical data 
contained in this sketch. 



172 Miscellaneous. 

prolonged struggle the bill passed the House of Commous. lu the 
Senate it failed by an adverse majority of one ; but the Senator from 
Cumberland was led to support it by passing the bill for the State 
to build the plank road from Fayetteville to Salem ; and then the vote 
in the Senate was a tie. Speaker Graves, who had up to that mo- 
ment maintained an impenetrable silence as to the measure, broke 
the tie in favor of building the road by State aid ; and the measure 
was passed. Speaker Graves was never again elected to any office by 
the vote of his people. 

To secure the needed one million of private stock, Speaker Graves, 
Govei'nor Morehead. and Mr. William Boylan made great exertions, 
and by their efforts, aided by Joseph Caldwell. Governor "W. A. Gra- 
ham, Paul C. Cameron, and others, the necessary stock was eventually 
raised. On January 29, 18.56, the railroad was ready for passage of 
trains from Goldsboro to Charlotte, and charters had been granted 
for two other roads — from Goldsboro to Morehead City, and from 
Salisbury to the Tennessee line. 

By act, ratified 14th of February, 1855, the General Assembly in- 
creased the capital stock to $4,000,000, and subscribed for the State 
the whole of the added capital. From that time till now the State 
has owned three-fourths, and individuals one-fourth of this road. 

The first president of the company was Governor John M. More- 
head, to whom so much was due for securing the subscription of the 
private stock, and under his direction the road was constructed. His 
successors were Charles F. Fisher, of Rowan ; Paul C. Cameron, 
Josiah Turner, Jr.. of Orange, and William A. Smith, of Johnston. 
During the administration of Mr. Smith the road was, on the 11th 
day of September, 1871, leased to the Richmond and Danville Rail- 
road Company for thirty years, at a rental of 6 per cent per annum. 
The subsequent presidents of the company have been : Thomas M. 
Holt, Lee S. Overman, S. B. Alexander, J. F. Kornegay, R. M. Xor- 
ment, J. L. Armstrong, H. G. Chatham, Charles M. Stedmau, and 
Bennehan. Cameron. 

On the 16th day of August, 189.5, in view of the approaching termi- 
nation of the lease, the property was leased to the Southern Railway 
Company for a term of ninety-nine years, at an annual rental of 6i4 
per cent for six years and 7 per cent for the remaining ninety-three 
years, and the stock of the company was selling at $186 per share 
until the panic of 1907. 



North Carolina Railroad. 173 

On the readjustment of the debt of the State, the State renewed 
the bonds issued for the purchase of the North Carolina Railroad 
stock, pledging the original lien on the stock for the payment of the 
debt. 

Col. Peter B. RufRn, for more than thirty years, was the faithful 
and efficient secretary and treasurer of the company. 

The secretaries of the company in the order of their election and 
service are as follows : Cyrus P. Mendenhall, Julius B. Ramsey. R. 
M. Mills, F. A. Stagg, J. A. McCauley, W. F. Thornburg, P. B. Ruffin, 
H. B. Worth, Spencer B. Adams, D. H. McLean, and A. H. Eller. 

The State, as is well known, has continued to own its $3,000,000 
of the original capital stock, and has acquired two (2) additional 
shares, thus giving it 80,002 shares at par value, amounting to $3,000,- 
200. which, however, at the recent market value aggregates $5,580,372. 
And it is confidently believed that if the State desired to part with a 
controlling interest in the company, its stock would command a mucli 
greater price, and those who have watched the constant advance in 
the price of this stock expect it to go to $200 ijer share at an early 
day. 

Under the lease of 1871 to the Richmond and Danville Railroad 
Company, the company could not have claimed the betterments made 
by the lessee; but under the present lease the company is not only 
amply secured by bond for the prompt payment of its lease money 
and organization expenses, to wit, $143,000 on the first day of Janu- 
ary and July of each j-ear, but upon the termination of said lease for 
any cause, the company acquires the betterments made thereon. 

In addition to the railroad and rolling stock leased to the Southern 
Railway Company, the company still owns valuable lands in and 
about Company Shops, now known as the city of Burlington. 

When the Board of Directors, appointed by Governor Aycock, took 
charge of the company's affairs, there was a floating indebtedness of 
$10,000. The May balance, 1912, of the present secretary and treas- 
urer shows that said indebtedness has been paid and a special dividend 
of % of 1 per cent, amounting to $20,000, and the company has to its 
credit in the bank the sum of $21,128.64, all of which, except a small 
balance, is drawing 4 per cent interest. Again on August 1, 1912, 
an extra % of 1 per cent dividend, amounting to $20,000 was paid. 
Promptly upon the payment of the lease money on the first of January 



174 Miscellaneous. 

and July in each year, the directors declare a dividend and the secre- 
tary and treasurer pays to the State Treasurer immediately $105,000, 
and like dividend is paid to the private stockholders on the first day 
of February and August of each year. The present Board of Direct- 
ors, as appointed by Governor Kitchin on the part of the State, are 
given below. The State's proxy is Jo. M. Reese; the expert is John 
W. Thompson, and the company's attorney is Frank R. McNinch. 

A true sketch of this company would be incomplete without calling 
attention to the long and invaluable services of Gen. R. F. Hoke as 
director. His experience and great knowledge of affairs, and lifelong 
devotion to the best interest of the company, entitle him to the grati- 
tude of the State, as well as the private stockholders. His death on 
July 3, 1912, was deeply and universally lamented. 

The question is sometimes asked why the organization of the North 
Carolina Railroad Company is kept up, and what particular functions 
it performs. 

This company, as some people think, does not belong to the State 
of North Carolina. It is a g««s/-public corporation like all other 
railroad companies, in which the State owns three-fourths of the 
stock. It is managed practically as any private corporation would be 
managed, the principal difference being that the Governor has the 
appointment of eight of the directors, while the private stockholders 
have the election of four of the directors. 

The organization is maintained for the purpose of enforcing the 
terms of the lease to the Southern Railway Company, and, in case of 
the termination of that lease for any cause, to resume the operation 
of the road. 

It is required to see that the bonds given for the prompt payment of 
the rent, and also the bond to maintain the rolling stock in good condi- 
tion, are kept in force. It receives the rent money of $280,000 per 
year, payable semiannually, and declares a dividend and pays the 
same to the stockholders of record. It transfers stock like other 
corporations. 

In leasing its property to the Southern Railway Company it re- 
served its office building, which is the residence of the secretary and 
treasurer, containing its vault and records, at Burlington, N. C. It 
owns certain real estate in and about the city of Burlington, which is 
sold by its land committee from time to time. 

The secretary and treasurer is required to give a bond in the sum of 



Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad. 175 

$50,000 and his books and accounts are audited by a finance com- 
mittee at stated times. It is required to file a report annually with 
the State Corporation Commission and one with the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission as other railroad companies must do. It also re- 
ports its income for Federal taxation like other corporations. Its 
stock is the most valuable holding that the State of North Carolina 
has amongst its assets, and whether it will be the policy of the State 
to hold its stock perpetually or to dispose of the same, is a matter 
for the legislatures of the future. 

officers of the company. 

Presidents — John M. Morehead, Guilford; Charles F. Fisher, 
Rowan ; Paul C. Cameron, Orange ; Josiah Turner, Jr., Orange ; Wil- 
liam A. Smith, Johnston ; Thomas M. Holt, Alamance ; Lee S. Over- 
man, Rowan ; S. B. Alexander, Mecklenburg ; J. F. Kornegay, Wayne ; 
R. M. Norment, Robeson; J. L. Armstrong, New Hanover; Hugh G. 
Chatham, Surry; Charles M. Stedman, Guilford, and Bennehau Cam- 
eron, Durham. 

Secretaries — Cyrus P. Mendenhall, Julius B. Ramsey, R. M. Mills. 
F. A. Stagg, J. A. McCauley, W. F. Thornburg, Peter B. Ruffin. II. B. 
Worth, Spencer B. Adams, Dan II. McLean, A. H. Filer. 

board of directors. 

Appointed by Governor W. W. Kitchin, on the part of the State — 
A. E. Smith, R. L. Holt, N. B. McCanless, J. D. Elliott, T. S. Flesh- 
man, J. W. Graham, S. C. Penn, C. C. Hargrove. 

Elected by the Private Stockholders — Bennehan Cameron, W. E. 
Holt, Hugh McRae, and Alexander Webb. 



THE ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD COMPANY. 

D. J. Broadhurst, Secretary and Treasurer, Goldsboro. 

The Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad was chartered by the 
General Assembly of North Carolina in 1852, duration of the charter 
being ninety-nine years. The charter was amended in 1854 and 1855. 
Work on the railroad was begun shortly afterwards, and pushed to 
completion from Goldsboro to a point on the seacoast now known as 
Morehead City, a distance of 95 miles, in 1858. 



176 Miscellaneous. 

Not having tbe necessary data at hand, I state from memory, and 
from information gained from other sources, the names of the different 
presidents of the railroad company, in the order of their service 
from the beginning up to the time when the railroad was leased to 
the Rowland Improvement Company, during the administration of 
Hon. C. B. Aycock as Governor of North Carolina, on September 1, 
1904, as follows: John D. Whitford, Charles R. Thomas, John D. 
Whitford, E. R. Stanley, R. W. King, L. W. Humphrey, John Hughes, 
John D. Whitford, Washington Bryan, W. S. Chadwick, Robert 
Hancock, D. W. Patrick, James A. Bryan. 

The road was capitalized at ?1,800,(X)0 ; the par value of the stock 
was fixed at $100 per share. The State of North Carolina owns 
12,660 shares of the stock. The county of Craven owns 1,293 shares, 
the county of Lenoir owns 500 shares, the county of Pamlico owns 202 
shares. The balance of the stock of the road is owned by private 
individuals. The equipment of the road was by no means complete 
when the War Between the States began, ISOl, and by reason of the 
fact that a good portion of the road was under the control of the 
Federal arms from the fall of New Bern in 1862 to the close of the 
M-ar in 1865, the road when turned over to its rightful owners was 
little more, if any, than a burden to carry, which was in part the 
cause of no returns to the stockholders on their investments for thirty- 
four years after the road was constructed. Prior to the lease of 
the road to the Rowland Improvement Company dividends were 
declared on the capital stock as follows : 

September, 1892 2 per cent. 

August, 1893 2 per cent. 

September, 1894 2 per cent. 

September, 1896 2 per cent. 

February, 1897 1 Per cent. 

October, 1897 ' 1 Per cent. 

June, 1898 1 Per cent. 

December, 1898 1 Per cent. 

September, 1899 2 per cent. 

During the administration of the Hon. T. J. Jarvis, Governor of 
North Carolina, the railroad was leased to W. J. Best, who had 
control and operated same for a short time only, and then turned it 
back to its rightful owner. 



Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad. 177 

There is an outstanding bonded indebtedness against the road of 
$325,000, bearing interest at 6 per cent per annum, the interest pay- 
able semiannually. Bonds for same were issued in 1887 and will 
mature in 1917. During the last year of the presidency of James 
A. Bryan, two suits were instituted in the Federal Court for the 
Eastern District of North Carolina for the appointment of receiv- 
ers of the road — first by K. S. Finch of New York, and the sec- 
ond by John P. Cuyler of New Jersey. Receivers were appointed 
in both cases, but relief was granted by higher courts. Since the 
execution of the lease of the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad to 
the Rowland Improvement Company the following named gentlemen 
have served as president of the company in the order of their 
service, viz. : Jesse W. Grainger, Samuel W. Ferribee, and L. P. 
Tapp. Dividends on the capital stock since the execution of the 
lease have been declared as follows : 

December, 1904 1 percent. 

August, 1905 1| per cent. 

February, 1906 1 percent. 

July, 1906 H per cent. 

February, 1907 H per cent. ' 

July, 1907 H per cent. 

January, 1908 H per cent. 

August, 1908 H per cent. 

January, 1909 H per cent. 

July, 1909 H per cent. 

January, 1910 1| per cent. 

July, 1910 1| per cent. 

January, 1911 * 1| per cent. 

July, 1911 1§ per cent. 

January, 1912 1| per cent. 

July, 1912 IJ per cent. 

The vast amount of unsettled business in which the Atlantic and 
North Carolina Railroad Company was in any way interested at the 
time the Rowland Improvement Company, "lessees," assumed control 
of the railroad, was very largely adjusted during the first two years. 
The expiration of the third year of the lease found only a small 
amount of difference to be looked after, which in time was settled. 
Suit was brought in the Superior Court of Craven County in 1906, 
to annul the lease to the Rowland Improvement Company, resulting 
in a decision upholding the lease, which decision was affirmed by the 
Supreme Court. 
12 



178 Miscellaneous. 

The contract for lease with the Howlaud Improvement Company 
terminates in ninety-one years and four months from the date of its 
execution, and the stipulations contained in same have, up to the 
last meeting of the stockholders of the Atlantic and North Carolina 
Railroad Company, in 1912, been largely complied with, as will be 
seen from the annual reports to the stockholders' meeting of the 
president, treasurer, and expert of the lessor company. The Atlantic 
and North Carolina Railroad has, with some other short lines in 
Eastern North Carolina, been merged into and now forms part of the 
Norfolk Southern Railway system. 



THE NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. 
Joseph E. Pogue, Secretary, Raleigh. 

The North Carolina Agricultural Society, which operates the State 
Fair annually at Raleigh in the third week of October, was char- 
tered by special act of the Legislature more than a half century ago, 
"to provide a place for the holding of annual fairs, in order that the 
citizens may be encouraged by exhibitions, premiums, and other 
means to develop and improve the productions of agriculture, and 
every species of native industry ; and to this end, and for these great 
and valuable i^urposes, and to no other, shall the corporation apply 
all the funds which by any means it may acquire." 

No capital stock was provided for in that charter. Various public- 
spirited citizens of the State loaned to the society a sum of money 
sufficient to purchase grounds and erect buildings for the purposes of 
an annual fair, taking therefor the bonds of the society. The real 
property, pledged to secure this bonded debt, is held in trust. The 
bonded debt was originally $26,500, but was reduced in 1905 to 
$22,000, and refunded for twenty years at 5 per cent, instead of 6 per 
cent, the former rate. These bonds are now generally held at par 
value. 

Any profits made in the operation of the fair go into a surplus 
fund, which is spent in permanent improvements of all kinds at the 
fair grounds, for increased premiums, and other betterments that go 
toward making the fair more and more complete. 



North Carolina Agricultural Society. 179 

The present fair grounds are just west of the city of Raleigh, at the 
terminus of the electric street-car line. They were purchased about 
thirty-six years ago, and cover more than 60 acres of land, in one of 
the most desirable sections of Raleigh's suburbs. The society has a 
number of large buildings on these grounds, some of which were 
erected at the time this site was acquired. The others have been put 
up within the last few years. 

The new grandstand was built a half dozen years ago with a seat- 
ing capacity of about 2,000. This is a very substantial structure, 
with a metal roof, and is now in excellent condition. Last year its 
seating capacity was considerably enlarged by the addition of bleach- 
ers reaching from the front of the stand down almost to the race- 
track fence, and extending almost the width of the grandstand. 

Several years ago a shed, covei'ed with a metal roof, 48 x 200 feet, 
was put up for the accommodation of the exhibitors of large farm 
machinery. It proved a great boon to these exhibitors, and is much 
appreciated by the general public. 

In 1910 a modern reinforced concrete building, 60 x 150 feet, was 
erected especially for the use of exhibitors of agricultural and horti- 
cultural products. This is a very handsome addition to the equip- 
ment of the grounds, being up-to-date in its appearance, and well 
arranged and convenient in its appointments. 

The following year another building of the same size, also of 
modern fireproof construction, was built for the housing of poultry. 
It harmonizes perfectly as to architecture with the agricultural 
building just spoken of, and in its arrangement and lighting facilities 
offers all the advantages which the best experience of years has 
brought into use in such buildings. 

Among other recent improvements might be mentioned the widening 
three times of the midway within the last dozen years, to afford room 
for the ever-increasing crowds, and the macadamizing of this thorough- 
fare; the overhauling, and remodeling of the Arts and Crafts build- 
ing, known as Floral Hall ; the addition of about one hundred new- 
box stalls for the accommodation of exhibit and race horses ; the 
wiring of the buildings for electric lights; the extension of the city 
water pipes into the grounds, and the consequent providing of running 
water throughout. 



180 Miscellaneous. 

The auditing committee of the society, in their report last year, 
took occasion to state that after a brief but comprehensive review of 
the expenditures on the fair grounds since January, 1900, they found 
that the present management had paid out, in round figures, nearly 
$30,000 for permanent improvements. In this connection the auditing 
committee also found that during that period about $13,000 had been 
paid out for past-due coupons, bonds paid and canceled, unpaid debts, 
and premiums due from former fairs. 

Altogether, it may be said in the most conservative terms that the 
fair has grovpn from modest beginnings, until in recent years, just as 
the Old North State is taking her proper place among the foremost- 
Commonwealths of the Union, her State Fair is taking rank with the 
leading institutions of its kind in the country. Moreover, it has been 
gaining more and more the enthusiastic support, cooperation, and 
advice of men in all industries of the State, a thing that is absolutely 
necessary for the making of a larger and a greater fair. 

It is the intention of the management to continue to put up new 
permanent buildings as fast as the profits from the fairs will permit, 
or the public policy of the State towards her agricultural and indus- 
trial interests as expressed at the State Fair will make possible, 
finally replacing all of the old wooden structures with buildings that 
are adapted to the rapidly increasing needs of the more and more 
representative exhibits that are year by year demanding in tones less 
and less mistakable larger and better accommodations. 

Some definite idea of the tremendous growth of the fair during the 
last few years may be gathered from the fact that in one year the 
number of solid car-loads of exhibits jumped from 42 to S3, and the 
number of separate entries from 1,201 in 1909 went to 3,501 in 1910, 
and 4,136 in 1911. 

As to attendance, no other occasion in North Carolina draws any- 
thing like the throngs that visit the "Great State Fair" at the Capital 
City each year. The railroads for years have been putting on special 
rates and extra trains to handle the crowds. 

Keeping pace with the most modern methods of stimulating the 
efforts to produce better and better crops of all kinds, the manage- 
ment during the last few years has instituted the corn contest feature 
for boys, cotton contests for men and boys, the tomato contest for 
girls, and still more and larger prizes for county and individual 
exhibits and agricultural products. 



North Carolina Agricultural, Society. 181 

The list of great National live-stock associations offering their 
special premiums at the State Fair keeps growing longer as the years 
go by, and in the case of one of the most prominent of these associa- 
tions the North Carolina State Fair is honored among only four 
Southern fairs. It is thus apparent that the State Fair is recognized 
as one of the greatest gathering points for pure-bred live stock in the 
South. 

For years the management has been working away from the big 
midway and little exhibit condition of a fair back to the fundamental 
purpose of its existence, the competition of the best to make better, 
until the executive committee, upon the recommendation of the secre- 
tary, resolved unanimously that all questionable shows and doubtful 
games be absolutely forbidden in the grounds, and so gave a clear 
field to the best shows in the country offering legitimate amusement 
as well as educational features, and reached far toward the final rung 
of the climax, the ideal State Fair, which shall be the meeting place 
of agriculture and industry, a delightful outing for all the members 
of the family, a summer school for the men and women and boys and 
girls, the best short course in agriculture in the State, a great indus- 
trial exchange, a university of experience and experiment, an annual 
advertisement of the greatness of a great State. 



THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE CAPITOL. 

On the morning of June 21, 1831, the State Capitol of North Caro- 
lina was destroyed by fire. Though the public records of the State 
were saved, the State Library, containing many valuable books and 
manuscripts, was lost. 

The citizens of Raleigh naturally bemoaned the destruction of the 
building, but Governor Stokes did not regard it as a great loss. In 
his opinion there were some mitigating circumstances. In his mes- 
sage to the General Assembly, when it met the following November, 
he said that the calamity was not so great, because the old State- 
house, built in 1794, was almost ready to tumble down of its own 
accord, and that perhaps many valuable lives had been saved by its 
being destroyed by fire instead of tumbling down on the Legislature 
while in session. 



182 Miscellaneous. 

At once Senator Seawell, of "Wake, brought forward a bill pro- 
viding for the erection of a new Capitol on the site of the old one. 
At the same time a similar bill was introduced in the House of Com- 
mons. As there was a strong sentiment in the State favorable to the 
removal of the capital from Raleigh to Fayetteville, these two bills 
to rebuild at Raleigh met with vigorous opposition. Accordingly 
Senator Seawell's bill was quickly disposed of. Senator Wilson, of 
Edgecombe, moved to table it, and it was tabled. The House bill 
was longer discussed. The discussion was prolonged for two days, 
but on a yea and nay vote the bill failed, 65 to 68. The Assembly 
of 1831 refused to rebuild. 

A year passed, and the ruins of the old Statehouse still marked 
the site of the former Capitol. But the Constitution, or rather the 
Ordinance, of 1789 located the capital at Raleigh, and the Legisla- 
ture had no power to move it. It was even questioned with great 
seriousness whether the Assembly could hold its sessions in the Gov- 
ernor's Mansion, at the end of Fayetteville Street, as that was out- 
side of the limits of the town. To move the capital a convention 
was necessary, and a majority of the Legislature was not favorable 
to a convention. 

At the session of November, 1832, the Assembly, by a vote of 35 
to 28 in the Senate and 73 to 60 in the House, resolved to rebuild on 
the old site, and $50,000 was appropriated for the purpose. 

William Boylan, Duncan Cameron, Henry Seawell. Romulus M. 
Saunders and William S. Mhoon were appointed commissioners to 
have the work done. The commissioners, with $50,000 at their com- 
mand, did not dally. The rubbish was cleared away, the excavations 
made and the foundations were laid. On July 4, 1833. the corner- 
stone was set in place. Up to that time W. S. Drummond was the 
superintendent and chief architect, and he was one of the principal 
persons in the ceremony of laying the corner-stone. 

After the foundations were laid the work progressed more slowly, 
and it was so expensive that the appropriation was exhausted. The 
Legislature at its next session appropriated $75,000 more. To do the 
stone and finer work, many skilled artisans had been brought from 
Scotland and other countries. Part of the work was conducted 
under the supervision of W. S. Drummond and another part under 
Colonel Thomas Bragg, but these arrangements did not prove satis- 






The State Capitol. 183 

factory, and a year later, in September, 1834, Mr. I. Theil Town, of 
New York, acting for the commissioners, contracted with David 
Paton to come to Raleigh and superintend the work. 

Mr. Paton was an architect who had come from Scotland the year 
before. He was then thirty-three years of age. He was the son of 
John Paton, of Edinburgh, who was an extensive builder in that city 
and vicinity and who had built the greater part of the new town 
and constructed the famous Dean Bridge across the water of Leith, 
and he ranked high in his profession. Having received a liberal 
education at the University of Edinburgh, David Paton took up the 
profession of his father and was regularly bred as an architect and 
builder under his father and under Sir John Sloan, R. A., professor 
of architecture to the Royal Academy of London. He soon demon- 
strated his capacity. When he first came to Raleigh the cost of over- 
seeing the work on the Capitol was $25 a day. He reduced that cost 
to $9. Twenty-eight stonecuttei's were paid $81 a day. This he 
reduced to $56. He made a saving in these two items alone of $42 a 
day. He found himself to be not merely the supervisor of the work, 
but the superintendent ; not merely the superintendent, but the book- 
keeper and paymaster. He had every detail of the work on his 
shoulders. And, then, he had to make the working drawings. He 
was the builder, the architect, the designer. 

Both the commissioners and the architect had large ideas. The 
former were wise enough to expend the original $50,000, which the 
General Assembly expected would complete the structure, on its 
foundation. Their work being severely criticised, they resigned, 
January 1, 1835. Their successors were: Beverly Daniel, chair- 
man, Samuel F. Patterson, Charles Manly, and Alfred Jones. The 
Legislature was compelled to make appropriations for the work, 
from time to time. The following is a table of the several appro- 
priations made: 

Session of 1832-33 $ 50,000.00 

Session of 1833-34 75,000.00 

Session of 1834-35 75,000.00 

Session of 1835 . 75,000.00 

Session of 1836-37 120,000.00 

Session of 1838-39 105,300.00 

Session of 1840-41 31,374.46 

Total $531,674.46 



184 Miscellaneous. 

If must be remembered that the stone with which the building was 
erected was the property of the State. Had the State been compelled 
to purchase this material, the cost of the Capitol would have been 
considerably increased. 

The following is a description of the Capitol, written by David 
Paton, the architect : 

"The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south by 
140 feet from east to west. The whole height is 97i/4 feet in the 
center. The apex of pediment is 64 feet in height. The stylobate is 
18 feet in height. The columns of the east and west porticoes are 
5 feet 2i/^> inches in diameter. An entablature, including blocking 
course, is continued around the building, 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied from 
the Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, which was 
erected in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An octagon tower 
surrounds the rotunda, which is ornamented with Grecian cornices, 
etc., and its dome is decorated at top with a similar ornament to that 
of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, commonly called the Lan- 
thorn of Demosthenes. 

"Tije interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories : First, 
the lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appro- 
priated as offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Comp- 
troller, each having two rooms of the same size — the one containing 
an area of 649 square feet, the other 528 square feet — the two com- 
mittee rooms, each containing 200 square feet, and four closets ; also, 
the rotunda, corridors, vestibules, and piazzas, contain an area of 
4,370 square feet. The vestibules are decorated with columns and 
antse, similar to those of the Ionic Temple on the Ilissus, near the 
Acropolis of Athens. The remainder is groined with stone and brick, 
springing from columns and pilasters of the Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' 
chambers, the former containing an area of 2,545 and the Tatter 2,849 
square feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, two of 
which contain each an area of 169 square feet, and the other two 
contain each an area of 154 square feet ; also, two rooms enter from 
Representatives' chamber, each containing an area of 170 square 
feet; of two committee rooms, each containing an area of 231 feet; 
of four presses and the passages, stairs, lobbies, and colonnades, con- 
taining an area of 3,204 square feet. 



The State Capitol. 185 

"The lobbies and Hall of Representatives have their columns and 
antae of the Octagon Tower of Audronicus Cyrrbestes, and the plan 
of the hall is of the formation of the Greek theater and the columns 
and antae in the Senatorial chamber and rotunda are of the Temple of 
Erectheus, Minerva Polias, and Pandrosus, in the Acropolis of Athens, 
near the above-named Parthenon. 

"Third, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the Su- 
preme Court and Library, each containing an area of 693 square feet. 
Galleries of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet ; also, two 
apartments entering from Senate gallery, each 169 square feet, of four 
presses and the lobbies' stairs, 988 square feet. These lobbies, as 
well as rotunda, are lit with cupolas, and it is proposed to finish the 
Court and Library in the florid Gothic style." 

In the summer of 1840 the work was finished. The Assembly had, 
in December, 1832, appropriated $00,000 for the building. Mr. Boy- 
Ian, Judge Cameron and State Treasurer Mhoon and their associates 
spent that sum in the foundation. They proposed to have a Capitol 
worthy of the State. At every subsequent session the Assembly made 
additional appropriations. There was some caviling, and the com- 
missioners resigned ; but the Legislature and the new commissioners 
took no step backwards. Year by year they pressed on the work as 
it had been begun, until at last, after more than seven years, the sum 
of $531,674.46 was expended. As large as that sum was for the time, 
when the State was so poor and when the entire taxes for all State 
purposes reached less than $100,000, yet the people were satisfied. 
The building had been erected with rigorous economy, and it was an 
object of great pride to the people. Indeed, never was money better 
expended than in the erection of this noble Capitol. 

Speaking of this structure, Samuel A. Ashe, in an address on David 
Paton, delivered in 1909, says : 

"Not seventy years have passed since the completion of this build- 
ing, yet it has undying memories. It was finished the year Henry 
Clay was set aside and his place as the Whig leader given to General 
Harrison. Four years later Clay spoke from the western portico; 
but, like Webster and Calhoun, the prize of the presidency was de- 
nied him. The voices of other men of large mould also have been 
heard within this Capitol. Here, too, our great jurists — Gaston, 
Ruffin, Pearson and their associates — held their sessions and brought 



186 MiSCELLAXEOrS. 

renown to North Carolina. Here Badger, Mangum, Dobbin, and 
scores of men known to fame held high debates. Here was brought 
forth in great travail our system of internal improvements, and of 
education, ramifying the State, disseminating enlightenment and 
opening the pathways to prosperous, contented and happy homes for 
our people. 

"Here Ellis and Clark and the mighty Vance directed the affairs of 
State in the trying days of war and suffering and desolation, the 
glories mingled with pain and sorrow, and fading away in heart- 
rending defeat ; but through it all the women and men, alike heroes, 
worthy the poets' loftiest strains. Then, when the people were still 
bowed in anguish, Carolinians turned their faces to the future, and, 
with resolution and intelligence, themselves modified their laws and 
institutions to meet the new conditions ; but in vain, for these mute 
walls are witnesses of the saturnalia of Reconstruction still await- 
ing some Dante to portray the scenes with realistic power. Yet the 
dark cloud had its silver lining, and the courageous devotion of 
Jarvis, John Graham and their Spartan band adds historic interest 
to that time of fearful storm. 

"Later, here was the scene of the great State trial, the impeach- 
ment of the Chief Magistrate of the Commonwealth and the contest 
between the intellectual giants of that generation. Governor Graham 
and Bragg and Merrimon, contesting with Smith and Coningland and 
Richard Badger. 

"And these walls have witnessed the reversal of that State policy 
forced on an unwilling people by the mailed hand of the conquering 
power, and the full restoration of Anglo-Saxon control. Never in 
history has a people been so clearly and effectually vindicated as 
those gallant souls of North Carolina, who, emulating the constancy 
of Hamilcar, swore their children to undying opposition to those who 
would destroy their civilization. Let the oppressed of future ages 
gaze on the scene and take courage. Ali*eady hallowed are the mem- 
ories that these chambers evoke. What grand occasions yet await 
them ! We may not lift the veil of the future, but experience warns 
us that history constantly repeats itself, and as the web woven by 
destiny unrolls itself there will yet occur within these enduring walls 
occasions of surpassing magnitude affecting the weal and woe of our 
posterity." 



State Building Commission. 187 

THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE BUILDING COMMISSION. 
William E. Speingek, Secretary, Wilmington. 

Mindful of the fact that only a little more than a generation ago 
the State Capitol of North Carolina was destroyed by fire, entailing 
the loss of many valuable records and papers, for some years prior 
to the convening of the 1911 session of the General Assembly the 
demand had been insistent for a safer housing of several departments 
of the State Government at Raleigh, notably the books and records 
of the North Carolina Historical Commission, which has now grown 
to be one of the most important branches of work at the seat of 
government. 

Early in the session a movement was started for the building of a 
State administration building at the capital, and after numerous 
conferences and compromises of differences as to the amount that 
should be appropriated for that purpose, a bill was at length unani- 
mously passed by both houses, appropriating the sum of $250,000 
for this purpose and conferring upon the Governor the appointment 
of a State Building Commission for the consummation of this worthy 
undertaking. Soon after the adjournment of the Legislature Gov- 
ernor W. W. Kitchin named as the members of the Commission, 
Ashley Home of Clayton, William E. Springer of Wilmington, Julian 
^. Carr of Durham, W. L. Parsons of Rockingham, A. S. Rascoe of 
Windsor, J. A. Long of Roxboro, and J. Elwood Cox of High Point, 
men of affairs and recognized business ability in the State. 

The State Building Commission held its first meeting in the oflice of 
the State Auditor at 12 :30 p. m.. May 9, 1911, and organized by the 
election of Ashley Home of Clayton as chairman, and William E. 
Springer of Wilmington as secretary. Following organization, a 
conference was held with the Board of Public Buildings and Gi'ounds, 
composed of the Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, and Attor- 
ney-General. It was stated as the purpose of the General Assembly 
to provide ample room for the Supreme Court, all valuable State 
records, the State Library, offices for the Attorney-General, and sev- 
eral of the other State departments: The grounds were carefully 
gone over, the situation canvassed, and a subcommittee composed of 
Chairman Home, Secretary Springer, and Commissioner Cox, was 
appointed to go further into the matter of a building and site. 



188 ^ Miscellaneous. 

At a subsequent meeting, on. May 19, 1911, the committee reported 
tliat it had secured an option on three sites, and recommended the 
purchase of the Grimes tract for $45,000. This recommendation was 
accepted by the Commission as a whole, and on June 6, 1911, plans 
as prepared by P. Thornton Marye, of Atlanta, were accepted after 
hearing a number of others and after several conferences. These 
plans were later reviewed by Glenn Brown, of Washington, D. C, 
another expert in building construction, and were declared emi- 
nently proper and in order in every respect. The plans call for a 
modern fireproof building four stories in height and admirably 
adapted to the purpose to which it will be put. 

On November 1, 1911, the Commission met again in Raleigh, after 
proposals had been invited for the building, and after considering a 
number of bids for the construction, the contract was at length 
awarded to the John T. Wilson Company, of Richmond, Ya., at a cost 
of $188,000, the building to be completed and ready for occupancy by 
January 19, 1913. 

How well the State Building Commission has wrought is attested 
by the splendid building which now stands opposite the Capitol 
grounds and which will be occupied by the several departments of 
government as agreed upon after the numerous conferences of the 
Commission since the building has been under way. 



NORTH CAROLINA DAY. 

The following act, entitled "An Act to Provide for the Celebration 
of North Carolina Day in the Public Schools," is chapter 164 of the 
Public Laws of 1901 : 

The General Assenxbly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That the 12th day of October in each and every year, to 
be called "North Carolina Day," may be devoted, by appropriate exer- 
cises in the public schools of the State, to the consideration of some 
topic or topics of our State history, to be selected by the Superintend- 
ent of Public Instruction : Provided, that if the said day shall fall 
on Saturday or Sunday, then the celebration shall occur on the Mon- 
day next following : Provided further, that if the said day shall fall 
at a time when any such schools may not be in session, the celebration 



NoKTH Carolina Day. 189 

may be held within one month from the beginning of the term, unless 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction shall designate some other 
time. 

Sec. 2. This act shall be in force from and after its ratification. 

In the General Assembly read three times, and ratified this the 9th 
day of February, A. D. 1901. 

October 12th, the date selected for North Carolina Day, is the 
anniversary of the laying of the corner-stone of the University of 
North Carolina, October 12, 1793. In accordance with the provisions 
of this act, the Superintendent of Public Instruction has had prepared 
and distributed to the schools of the State each year a program of ex- 
ercises devoted to the study of some phase of North Carolina history. 

Since the creation of North Carolina Day the following subjects 
have been studied each year (back numbers of the programs can be 
secured from the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Ra- 
leigh, N. C.) : 

1901. The Roanoke Island Colonies. Prepared by Fred. A. Olds. 

1902. The Albemarle Section. Prepared by a Committee. 

1903. The Lower Cape Fear Section. Prepared by R. D. W. Con- 

nor. 

1904. The Pamlico-Neuse Section. Prepared by Charles L. Coon. 

1905. The Scotch Highlanders in North Carolina. Prepared by 

R. D. W. Connor. 

1906. Charles D. Mclver Memorial Day. Prepared by R. D. W. 

Connor. 

1907. The Scotch-Irish in North Carolina. Prepared by Charles 

H. Mebane. 

1908. The German Settlements in North \ 

Carolina. ) 

1909. Western North Carolina. ( Each prepared by 

1910. North Carolina Poets and Poetry. / R. d. W. Connor. 

1911. Local and County History. \ 

1912. Charles B. Aycoclc Memorial Day. / 



CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA. 



PREAMBLE. 

We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Almighty 
God, the Sovereign Euler of Nations, for the preservation of the 
American Union, and the existence of our civil, political and re- 
ligious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him for 
the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, do for 
the more certain security thereof, and for the better government of 
this State, ordain and establish this Constitution : 

ARTICLE I. 

DECLAEATION OF EIGHTS. 

That the great, general and essential principles of liberty and 
free government may be recognized and established, and that the 
relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United 
States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the Ameri- 
can people, may be defined and affirmed, we do declare : 

Section 1. That we hold it to be self-evident that all men are 
created equal ; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain 
inalienable rights ; that among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment 
of the fruits of their own labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. That all political power is vested in, and derived from, the 
people ; all government of right originates from the people, is founded 
upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the 
whole. 

Sec. 3. That the people of this State have the inherent, sole, and 
exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police 
thereof, and of altering and abolishing their Constitution and form 
of government whenever it may be necessary for their safety and 
happiness ; but every such right should be exercised in pursuance of 
law, and consistently with the Constitution of the United States. 

Sec. 4. That this State shall ever remain a member of the Ameri- 
can Union ; that the people thereof are a part of the American Na- 
tion ; that there is no right on the part of the State to secede, and 



State Constitution. 191 

that all attempts, from whatever source or upon whatever pretext, 
to dissolve said Union, or to sever said Nation, ought to be resisted 
with the whole power of the State. 

Sec. 5. That every citizen of this State owes paramount alle- 
giance to the Constitution and Government of the United States, 
and that no law or ordinance of the State in contravention or sub- 
version thereof can have any binding force. 

Sec. 6. The State shall never assume or pay, or authorize the col- 
lection of any debt or obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid 
of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim 
for the loss or emancipation of any slave ; nor shall the General 
Assembly assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any tax to 
pay, either directly or indirectly, expressed or implied, any debt or 
bond incurred, or issued, by authority of the Convention of the year 
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, nor any debt or bond 
incurred or issued by the Legislature of the year one thousand eight 
hundred and sixty-eight, at its special session of the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixtj'-eight, or at its regular sessions of the 
years one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight and one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-nine and one thousand eight hundred and 
seventy, except the bonds issued to fund the interest on the old debt 
of the State, unless the proposing to pay the same shall have first 
been submitted to the people and by them ratified by the vote of a 
majority of all the qualified voters of the State, at a regular election 
held for that purpose. 

Sec. 7. No man or set of men are entitled to exclusive or separate 
emoluments or privileges from the community but in consideration 
of public services. 

Sec. 8. The legislative, executive and supreme judicial powers of 
the government ought to be forever separate and distinct from each 
other. 

Sec. 9. All power of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, by 
any authority, without the consent of the representatives of the peo- 
ple, is injurious to their rights, and ought not to be exercised. 

Sec. 10. All elections ought to be free. 

Sec. 11. In all criminal prosecutions, every man has the right to 
be informed of the accusation against him and to confront the ac- 
cusers and witnesses with other testimony, and to have counsel for 



192 State Constitution. 

his defense, and not to be compelled to give evidence against himself 
or to pay costs, jail fees, or necessary witness fees of the defense, 
unless found guilty. 

Sec, 12. No person shall be put to answer any criminal charge, 
except as hereinafter allowed, but by indictment, presentment, or im- 
peachment. 

Sec 13. No person shall be convicted of any crime but by the 
unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful men in open court. 
The Legislature may, however, provide other means of trial for petty 
misdemeanors, with the right of appeal. 

Sec. 14. Excessive bail should not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments inflicted. 

Sec. 15. General warrants, whereby any oflicer or messenger may 
be commanded to search suspected places, without evidence of the 
act committed, or to seize any person or persons not named, whose 
offense is not particularly described and supported by evidence, are 
dangerous to liberty and ought not to be granted. 

Sec. 16. There shall be no Imprisonment for debt in this State, 
except in cases of fraud. 

Sec 17. No person ought to be taken, imprisoned, or disseized of 
his freehold, liberties or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any 
manner deprived of his life, liberty or property, but by the law of 
the land. 

Sec 18. Every person restrained of his liberty is entitled to a 
remedy to inquire into the lawfulness thereof, and to remove the 
same, if unlawful ; and such remedy ought not to be denied or de- 
layed. 

Sec 19. In all controversies at law respecting property, the an- 
cient mode of trial by jury is one of the best securities of the rights 
of the people, and ought to remain sacred and inviolable. . 

Sec 20. The freedom of the press is one of the great bulwarks of 
liberty, and therefore ought never to be restrained, but every indi- 
vidual shall be held responsible for the abuse of the same. 

Sec 21. The privileges of the writ of Jial)€as corpus shall not be 
suspended. 

Sec. 22. As political rights and privileges are not dependent upon, 
or modified by, property, therefore no pi'operty qualification ought 
to affect the right to vote or hold office. 



State Constitution. 193 

Sec. 23. The people of the State ought not to be taxed, or made 
subject to the payment of any impost or duty, without the consent of 
themselves, or their representatives in General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 24. A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall 
not be infringed ; and, as standing armies in time of peace are dan- 
gerous to liberty, they ought not to be kept up, and the military 
should be kept under strict subordination to, and governed by, the 
civil power. Nothing herein contained shall justify the practice of 
carrying concealed weapons, or prevent the Legislature from enact- 
ing penal statutes against said practice. 

Sec. 25. The people have a right to assemble together to consult 
for their common good, to instruct their representatives, and to ap- 
ply to the Legislature for redress of grievances. But secret political 
societies are dangerous to the liberties of a free people, and should 
not be tolerated. 

Sec. 26. All men have a natural and inalienable right to worship 
Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences, and 
no human authority should, in any case whatever, control or inter- 
fere with the rights of conscience. 

Sec. 27. The people have the right to the privilege of education, 
and it is the duty of tibe State to guard and maintain that right. 

Sec. 28. For redress of grievances, and for amending and strength- 
ening the laws, elections should be often held. 

Sec. 29. A frequent recurrence to fundamental principles is abso- 
lutely necessary to preserve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 30. No hereditary emoluments, privileges or honors ought to 
be granted or conferred in this State. 

Sec. 31. Pei*petuities and monopolies are contrary to the genius of 
a free State, and ought not to be allowed. 

Sec. .32. Retrospective laws, punishing acts committed before the 
existence of such laws, and by them only declared criminal, are op- 
pressive, unjust and incompatible with liberty ; wherefore no ex post 
facto law ought to be made. No law taxing retrospectively sales, 
purchases, or other acts previously done, ought to be passed. 

Sec. 33. Slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than for 
crime, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be 
and are hereby forever prohibited within the State. 

13 



194 State Constitution. 

Sec. 34. The limits and boundaries of the State shall be and re- 
main as they now are. 

Sec. 35. All courts shall be open; and every person for an injury 
done him in his lands, goods, person or reputation, shall have remedy 
by due course of law, and right and justice administered without 
sale, denial or delay. 

Sec. 36. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any 
house without the consent of the owner ; nor in time of war but in 
a mamier prescribed by the law. 

Sec. 37. This enumeration of rights shall not be construed to im- 
pair or deny others retained by the people ; and all powers not herein 
delegated remain with the people. 

ARTICLE II. 

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. 

Section 1. The legislative authority shall be vested in two dis- 
tinct branches, both dependent on the people, to wit, a Senate and 
House of Representatives. 

Sec 2. The Senate and House of Representatives shall meet bien- 
nially on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January 
next after their election ; and, when assembled, shall be denominated 
the General Assembly. Neither house shall proceed upon public busi- 
ness unless a majority of all the members are actually present. 

Sec. 3. The Senate shall be composed of fifty Senators, biennially 
chosen by ballot. 

Sec 4. The Senate Districts shall be so altered by the General 
Assembly, at the first session after the return of every enumeration 
by order of Congress, that each Senate District shall contain, as near 
as may be, an equal number of inhabitants, excluding aliens and 
Indians not taxed, and shall remain unaltered until the return of 
another enumeration, and shall at all times consist of contiguous 
territory ; and no county shall be divided in the formation of a Sen- 
ate District, unless such county shall be equitably entitled to two or 
more Senators. 

Sec 5. The House of Representatives shall be composed of one 
hundred and twenty Representatives, biennially chosen by ballot, to 
be elected by the counties respectively, according to their population, 
and each county shall have at least one representative in the House 



State Constitution. 195 

of Representatives, although it may not contain the requisite ratio 
of representation. Tliis apportionment shall be made by the General 
Assembly at the respective times and periods when the Districts of 
the Senate are hereinbefore directed to be laid off. 

Sec. 6. In making the apportionment in the House of Representa- 
tives, the ratio of representation shall be ascertained by dividing 
the amount of the population of the State, exclusive of that compre- 
hended within those counties whicji do not severally contain the one 
hundred and twentieth part of the population of the State, by the 
number of Representatives, less the number assigned to such coun- 
ties ; and in ascertaining the number of the population of the State, 
aliens and Indians not taxed shall not be included. To each county 
containing the said ratio and not twice the said ratio, there shall be 
assigned one Representative ; to each county containing two but not 
three times the said ratio, there shall be assigned two Representa- 
tives, and so on progressively, and then the remaining Representa- 
tives shall be assigned severally to the counties having the largest 
fractions. 

Sec 7. Each member of the Senate shall not be less than twenty- 
five years of age, shall have resided in the State as a citizen two 
years, and shall have usually resided in the district for which he is 
chosen one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Each member of the House of Representatives shall be a 
qualified elector of the State, and shall have resided in the county 
for which he is chosen for one year immediately precetling his elec- 
tion. 

Sec. 9. In the election of all officers whose appointment shall be 
conferred upon the General Assembly by the Constitution, the vote 
shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 10. The General Assembly shall have the power to pass gen- 
eral laws regulating divorce and alimony, but shall not have power 
to grant a divorce or secure alimony in any individual case. 

Sec 11. The General Assembly shall not have power to pass any 
private law to alter the name of any person, or to legitimate any 
person not born in lawful wedlock, or to restore to the rights of 
citizenship any person convicted of an infamous crime, but shall 
have power to pass general laws regulating the same. 



196 State Constitution. 

Sec. 12. The General Assembly shall not pass any private law, 
unless it shall be made to appear that thirty days' notice of appli- 
cation to pass such a law shall have been given, under such direction 
and in such manner as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 13. If vacancies shall occur in the General Assembly by 
death, resignation or otherwise, writs of election shall be issued by 
the Governor under such regulations as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 14. No law shall be passetl to raise money on the credit of 
the State, or to pledge the faith of the State, directly or indirectly, 
for the payment of any debt, or to impose any tax upon the people 
of the State, or allow the counties, cities or towns to do so, unless 
the bill for the purpose shall have been read three several times in 
each house of the General Assembly and passed three several read- 
ings, which readings shall have been on three different days, and 
agreed to by each house, respectively, and unless the yeas and nays 
on the second and third readings of the bill shall have been entered 
on the journal. 

Sec. 15. The General Assembly shall regulate entails in such man- 
ner as to prevent perpetuities. 

Sec. 16. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, which 
shall be printed and made public immediately after the adjournment 
of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Any member of either house may dissent from and pro- 
test against any act or resolve which he may think injurious to the 
public, or any individual, and have the reasons of his dissent entered 
on the journal. 

Sec. is. The House of Representatives shall choose their own 
Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 19. The Lieutenant Governor shall preside in the Senate, but 
shall have no note unless it may be equally divided. 

Sec. 20. The Senate shall choose its other officers and also a 
Speaker (pro tempore) in the absence of the Lieutenant Governor, 
or when he shall exercise the office of Governor. 

Sec. 21. The style of the acts shall be: "The General Assembly 
of North Carolina do enact." 

Sec. 22. Each house shall be judge of the qualifications and elec- 
tion of its own members, shall sit upon its own adjournment from 
day to day, prepare bills to be passed into laws ; and the two houses 
may also jointly adjourn to any future day or other place. 



State Constitution. 197 

Sec. 23. All bills and resolutions of a legislative nature shall be 
read three times in each house before they pass into laws, and shall 
be signed by the presiding officers of both houses. 

Sec. 24. Each member of the General Assembly, before taking his 
seat, shall take an oath or affirmation that he will support the Con- 
stitution and laws of the United States, and the Constitution of the 
State of North Carolina, and will faithfully discharge his duty as a 
member of the Senate or House of Representatives. 

Sec. 25. The terms of office for Senators and members of the House 
of Representatives shall commence at the time of their election. 

Sec. 26. Upon motion made and seconded in either house by one- 
fifth of the members present, the yeas and nays upon any question 
shall be taken and entered upon the journals. 

Sec. 27. The election for members of the General Assembly shall 
be held for the respective districts and counties, at the places where 
they are now held, or may be directed hereafter to be held, in such 
manner as may be prescribed by law, on the first Thursday in Au- 
gust, in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and every 
two years thereafter. But the General Assembly may change the 
time of holding the elections. 

Sec. 28. The members of the General Assembly for the term for 
which they have been elected shall receive as compensation for 
their services the sum of four dollwrs per day for each day of their 
session, for a period not exceeding sixty days ; and should they re- 
main longer in session they shall serve without compensation. They 
shall also be entitled to receive ten cents per mile, both while coming 
to the seat of government and while returning home, the said dis- 
tance to be computed by the nearest line or route of public travel. 
The compensation of the presiding officers of the two houses shall be 
six dollars per day and mileage. Should an extra session of the 
General Assembly be called, the members and presiding officers shall 
receive a like rate of compensation for a period not exceeding twenty 
days. 

ARTICLE III. 

executive department. 

Section 1. The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, 
in whom shall be vested the supreme executive power of the State ; 
a Lieutenant Governor, a Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Treasurer, 



198 State Constitution. 

a Superiuteudent of Public Instruction, and an Attoi-ney-General, 
v\-bo shall be elected for a term of four years by the qualified electors 
of the State, at tbe same time and places and in the same manner as 
members of tbe General Assembly are elected. Their term of office 
shall commence on tbe first day of January next after their election, 
and continue until their successors are elected and qualified: Pro- 
vided, that /the officers first elected shall assume the duties of their 
office ten days after the approval of this Constitution by tbe Congress 
of tbe United States, and shall hold their offices four years from and 
after tbe first day of January. 

Sec. 2. Xo person shall be eligible as Governor or Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor unless be shall have attained tbe age of thirty years, shall 
have been a citizen of tbe United States five years, and shall have 
been a resident of this State for two years next before the election ; 
nor shall the jx'rson elected to either of these two oflSces be eligible 
to tbe same office more than four years in any term of eight years, 
unless the office shall have been cast upon him as Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor or President of tbe Senate. 

Sec. 3. Tbe return of every election for officers of the Executive 
Department shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of gov- 
ernment by the returning officers, directed to tbe Speaker of tbe 
House of Representatives, who shall open and publish the same in 
tbe presence of a majority of tbe members of both bouses of the 
General Assembly. The person having the highest number of votes 
respectively shall be declared duly elected ; but if two or more be 
equal and highest in votes for tbe same office, the one of them shall 
be chosen by joint ballot of both bouses of the General Assembly. 
Contested elections shall be determined by a joint ballot of both 
bouses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be prescribed 
by law. 

Sec. 4. The Governor, before entering upon the duties of bis office, 
shall, in the presence of the members of both branches of the Genei-al 
Assembly, or before any Justice of the Supreme Court, take an oath 
or affirmation that be will support the Constitution and laws of tbe 
United States, and of the State of North Carolina, and that he will 
faithfully perform tbe duties apiiertaining to the office of Governor, 
to which he has been elected. 

Sec o. The Governor shall reside at the seat of government of this 
State, and he shall, from time to time, give tbe General Assembly 



State Constitution. 199 

information of the affairs of the State, and recommend to their con- 
sideration such measures as he shall deem expedient. 

Sec. 6. The Governor shall have power to grant reprieves, commu- 
tations, aud pardons, after conviction, for all offenses (except in 
cases of impeachment) , upon such conditions as he may think proper, 
subject to such regulations as may be provided by law relative to the 
manner of applying for pardons. He shall biennially communicate 
to the General Assembly each case of reprieve, commutation, or par- 
don granted, stating the name of each convict, the crime for which he 
was convicted, the sentence and its date, the date of the commuta- 
tion, pardon, or reprieve and the reasons therefor. 

Sec. 7. The ofHcers of the Executive Department and of the public 
institutions of the State shall, at least five days previous to each 
regular session of the General Assembly, severally report to the 
Governor, who shall transmit such reports with his message to the 
General Assembly ; and the Governor may, at any time, require infor- 
mation In writing from the officers in the Executive Department upon 
any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and shall 
take cai-e that the laws be faithfully executed. 

Sec. 8. The Governor shall be Conmiander in Chief of the militia 
of the State, except when they shall be called into the service of the 
United States. 

Sec. 9. The Governor shall have power, on extraordinary occa- 
sion, by and with the advice of the Council of State, to convene the 
General Assembly in extra session by his proclamation, stating 
therein the purpose or purposes for which they are thus convened. 

Sec. 10. The Governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice 
and consent of a majority of the Senators-elect, appoint all officers 
whose offices are established by this Constitution and whose appoint- 
ments are not otherwise provided for. 

Sec. 11. The Lieutenant Governor shall be President of the Sen- 
ate, but shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided. He 
shall, whilst acting as President of the Senate, receive for his services 
the same pay which shall, for the same period, be allowed to the 
Spealvcr of the House of Representatives ; and he shall receive no 
other compensation except when he is acting as Governor. 

Sec. 12. In case of the impeachment of the Governor, his failure 
to qualify, his absence from the State, his inability to discharge the 



200 State Constitution. 

duties of his office, or, in case the office of Governor shall in anywise 
become vacant, the powers, duties and emoluments- of the office shall 
devolve upon the Lieutenant Governor until the disability shall cease 
or a new Governor shall be elected and qualified. In every case in 
which the Lieutenant Governor shall be unable to preside over the 
Senate, the Senators shall elect one of their own number President 
of their body ; and the powers, duties and emoluments of the office 
of Governor shall devolve upon him whenever the Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor shall, for any reason, be prevented from discharging the duties 
of such office as above provided, and he shall continue as acting Gov- 
ernor until the disabilities are removed, or a new Governor or Lieu- 
tenant Governor shall be elected and qualified. Whenever, during 
the recess of the General Assembly, it shall become necessary for the 
President of the Senate to administer the government, the Secretary 
of State shall convene the Senate, that they may select such Presi- 
dent. 

Sec. 1.3. The respective duties of the Secretary of State, Auditor, 
Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and Attorney-Gen- 
eral shall be prescribed by law. If the office of any of said officei*s 
shall be vacated by death, resignation or otherwise, it shall be the 
duty of the Governor to appoint another until the disability be re-, 
moved or his successor t>e elected and qualified. Every such vacancy 
shall be filled by election at the first general election that occurs 
more than thirty days after the va9ancy has taken place, and the 
person chosen shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired 
term fixed in the first section of this article. 

Sec. 14. The Secretai-y of State, Auditor, Treasurer, and Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction shall constitute, ex officio, the Council 
of State, who shall advise the Governor in the execution of his office, 
any three of whom shall constitute a quorum. Their advice and pro- 
ceedings in this capacity shall be entered in a journal to be kept for 
this purpose exclusively, and signed by the members present, from 
any part of which any member may enter his dissent ; and such jour- 
nal shall l3e placed before the General Assembly when called for by 
either house. The Attorney-General shall be, ex officio, the legal ad- 
viser of the Executive Department. 

Sec. 15. The officers mentioned in this article shall, at stated 
periods, receive for their services a compensation to be established 



State Constitution. 201 

by law, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the 
time for which they shall have been elected, and the said officers 
shall receive no other emolument or allowance whatever. 

Sec. 16. There shall be a seal of the State, which shall be kept by 
the Governor, and used by him as occasion may require, and shall 
be called "The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina." All 
grants and commissions shall be issued in the name and by the 
authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed with "The Great 
Seal of the State," signed by the Governor and countersigned by 
the Secretary of State. 

Sec. 17. The General Assembly shall establish a Department of 
Agriculture, Immigration, and Statistics, under such regulations as 
may best promote the agricultural interests of the State, and shall 
enact laws for the adequate protection and encouragement of sheep 
husbandry. 

ARTICLE IV. 

JUDICIAI. DE2'ARTMENT. 

Section 1. The distinctions between actions at law and suits in 
equity, and the forms of all such actions and suits, shall be abol- 
ished; and there shall be in this State but one form of action for 
the enforcement or protection of private rights or the redress of 
private wrongs, which shall be denominated a civil action ; and every 
action prosecuted by the people of the State as a party against a 
person charged with a public offense, for the punishment of the 
same, shall be termed a criminal action. Feigned issues shall also 
be abolished, and the fact at issue tried by order of court before a 

jury. 

Sec. 2. The judicial power of the State shall be vested in a Court 
for the Trial of Impeachments, a Supreme Court, Superior Courts, 
Courts of Justice of the Peace, and such other courts inferior to the 
Supreme Court as may be established by law. 

Sec. 3. The Court for the Trial of Impeachments shall be the Sen- 
ate. A majority of the members shall be necessary to a quorum, 
and the judgment shall not extend beyond removal from, and dis- 
qualification to hold, office in this State; but the party shall be liable" 
to indictment and punishment according to law. 



202 State Constitution. 

Sec. 4. The House of Representatives solely shall have the powei- 
of impeaching. No i^erson shall be convicted without the concur- 
rence of two-thirds of the Senators present. When the Governor is 
impeached, the Chief Justice shall preside. 

Sec. 5. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying war 
against it. or adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. 
No i>ersou shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of 
two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 
No conviction of treason or attainder shall work corruption of blood 
or forfeiture. 

Sec. 6. The Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and 
four Associate Justices. 

Sec. 7. The terms of the Supreme Court shall be held in the city 
of Raleigh, as now, unless othei-wise provided by the General As- 
, sembly. 

Sec. 8. The Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction to review, upon 
appeal, any decision of the courts below, upon any matter of law or 
legal inference. And the jurisdiction of said court over "issues of 
fact" and "questions of fact" shall be the same exercised by it be- 
fore the adoption of the Constitution of one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-eight, and the court shall have the power to issue any 
remedial writs necessary to give it a general supervision and control 
over the proceedings of the inferior courts. 

Sec. 9. The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction to hear 
claims against the State, but its decisions shall be merely recom- 
mendatory; no process in the nature of execution shall issue 
thereon; they shall be reported to the next session of the General 
Assembly for its action. 

Sec. 10. The State shall be divided into nine judicial districts, 
for each of which a Judge shall be chosen ; and there shall be held 
a Superior Court in each county at least twice in each year, to 
continue for such time in each county as ma;^ be prescribed by law. 
But the General Assembly may reduce or increase the number of 
districts. 

Sec. 11. Every Judge of the Superior Court shall reside in the 
district for which he is elected. The Judges shall preside in the 
courts of the different districts successively, hut no Judge shall hold 
the courts in the same district oftener than once in four years ; 



State Constitution. 203 

but in case of the protracted illness of the Judge assigned to pre- 
side in any district, or of any other unavoidable accident to him, by 
reason of which he shall be unable to preside, the Governor may re- 
quire any Judge to hold one or more specified terms in said dis- 
trict, in lieu of the Judge assigned to hold the courts of the said 
district. 

Sec. 12. The General Assembly shall have no power to deprive the 
Judicial Department of any power or jurisdiction which rightfully 
pertains to it as a coordinate department of the Government ; but 
the General Assembly shall allot and distribute that portion of this 
power and jurisdiction which does not pertain to the Supreme Court 
among the other courts prescribed in this Constitution or which 
may be established by law, in such manner as it may deem best; 
provide, also, a proper system of appeals, and regulate by law, when 
necessary, the methods of proceeding, in the exercise of their pow- 
ers, of all the courts below the Supreme Court, so far as the same 
may be done without conflict with other provisions of this Consti- 
tution. 

Sec. 13. In all issues of fact, joined in any court, the parties may 
waive the right to have the same determined by a jury, in which 
case the finding of the Judge upon the facts shall have the force and 
effect of a vei-dict by a jury. 

Sec. 14. The General Assembly shall provide for the establishment 
of special c-ourts, for the trial of misdemeanors, in cities and towns 
where the same may be necessary. 

Sec. 15. The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall be appointed by the 
Coui-t, and shall hold his office for eight years. 

Sec. 16. A Clerk of the Superior Court for each county shall be 
elected by the qualified voters thereof, at the time and in the man- 
ner prescribed by law for the election of members of the General 
Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Clerks of the Superior Courts shall hold their offices for 
four years. 

Sec. 18. The General Assembly shall prescribe and regulate the 
fees, salaries and emoluments of all officers provided for in this 
article; but the salaries of the Judges shall not be diminished dur- 
ing their continuance in office. 



204 State Constitution. 

Sec. 19. The laws of North Carolina, not repugnant to this Con- 
stitution, or the Constitution and laws of the United States,, shall be 
in force until lawfully altered. 

Sec. 20. Actions at law, and suits in equity, pending when this 
Constitution shall go into effect, shall be transferred to the courts 
having jurisdiction thereof, without prejudice by reason of the 
change ; and all such actions and suits commenced before, and pend- 
ing at the adoption by the General Assembly of the rules of practice 
and procedure herein provided for, shall be heard and determined 
according to the practice now in use, unless otherwise provided for 
by said rules. 

Sec. 21. The Justices of the Supreme Court shall be elected by the 
qualified voters of the State, as is provided for the election of mem- 
bers of the Greneral Assembly. They shall hold their offices for 
eight years. The Judges of the Superior Courts, elected at the first 
election under this amendment, shall be elected in like manner as 
is provided for Justices of the Supreme Court, and shall hold their 
offices for eight years. The General Assembly may, from time to 
time, provide by law^that the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen 
at succeeding elections, instead of being elected by the voters of the 
whole State, as is herein provided for, shall be elected by the voters 
of their respective districts. 

Sec. 22. The Superior Courts shall be at all times open for the 
transaction of all business within their jurisdiction, except the trial 
of issues of fact requiring a jury. 

Sec. 23. A Solicitor shall be elected for each judicial district by 
the qualified voters thereof, as is prescribed for members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, who shall hold office for the term of four years, and 
prosecute on behalf of the State, in all criminal actions in the Supe- 
rior Coui'ts, and advise the officers of justice in his district. 

Sec. 24. In each county a shei'iff and coroner shall be elected by 
the qualified voters thereof, as is prescribed for members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, and shall hold their offices for two years. In each 
township there shall be a constable elected in like manner by the 
voters thereof, who shall hold his oflBce for two years. When there 
is no coroner in a county, the Clerk of the Superior Court for the 
county may appoint one for special cases. In case of a vacancy 



State Constittttion. 205 

existing for any cause in any of the offices created by this section, 
the commissioners of the county may appoint to such office for the 
unexpired term. 

Sec. 25. All vacancies occurring in the offices provided for by this 
article of the Constitution shall be filled by the appointment of the 
Governor, unless otherwise provided for, and the appointees shall 
hold their places until the next regular election for members of the 
General Assembly, when elections shall be held to fill such offices. 
If any person, elected or appointed to any of said offices, shall neg- 
lect and fail to qualify, such offices shall be appointed to, held and 
filled as provided in case of vacancies occurring therein. All incum- 
bents of said office shall hold until their successors are qualified. 

Sec. 2G. The officers elected at the first election held under this 
Constitution shall hold their offices for the terms prescribed for 
them respectively, next ensuing after the next regular election for 
members of the General Assembly. But their terms shall begin 
upon the approval of this Constitution by the Congress of the United 
States. 

Sec. 27. The several justices of the peace shall have jurisdiction, 
under such regulations as the General Assembly shall prescribe, of 
civil actions, founded on contract, wherein the sum demanded shall 
not exceed two hundred dollars, and wherein the title to real estate 
shall not be in controversy ; and of all criminal matters arising 
within their counties where the punishment cannot exceed a fine of 
fifty dollars or imprisonment for thirty days. And the General 
Assembly may give to justices of the peace jurisdiction of other civil 
actions wherein the value of the property in controversy does not 
exceed fifty dollars. When an issue of fact shall be joined before 
a justice, on demand of either party thereto, he shall cause a jury 
of six men to be summoned, who shall try the same. The party 
against whom judgment shall be rendered in any civil action may 
appeal to the Superior Court from the same. In all cases of a crimi- 
nal nature, the party against whom judgment is given may appeal 
to the Superior Court, where the matter shall be heard anew. In 
all cases brought before a justice, he shall make a record of the pro- 
ceedings and file same with the Clerk of the Superior Court for his 
county. 

Sec. 28. When the office of justice of the peace shall become va- 
cant otherwise than by expiration of the term, and in case of a fail- 



206 State Constitution. 

ure by the voters of any district to elect, tlie Clerk of the Superior 
Court for the county shall appoint to fill the vacancy for the unex- 
pired term. 

Sec. 29. In case the office of Clerk of a Superior Court for a county 
shall become vacant otherwise than by the expiration of the term, 
and in case of a failure by the people to elect, the Judge of the Supe- 
rior Court for the county shall appoint to fill the vacancy until an 
election can be regularly held. 

Sec. 30. In case the General Assembly shall establish other courts 
inferior to the Supreme Court, the presiding oflicers and clerks 
thereof shall be elected in such manner as the General Assembly 
may from time to time prescribe, and they shall hold their ofiices 
for a term not exceeding eight years. 

Sec. 31. Any Judge of the Supi'eme Court, or of the Superior 
Courts, and the presiding oflicers of such courts inferior to the Su- 
preme Court as maj' be established by law, may be removed from 
office for mental or physical inability, upon a concurrent resolution of 
two-thirds of both houses of the General Assembly. The Judge or 
presiding officer, against whom the General Assembly may be about 
to proceed, shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of 
the causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before the 
day on which either house of the General Assembly shall act thereon. 

Sec. 32. Any Clerk of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior 
Courts, or of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be 
established by law, may be removed from office for mental or phys- 
ical inability ; the Clerk of the Supreme Court by the Judges of said 
Court, the Clerks of the Superior Courts by the Judge riding the 
district, and the clerks of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court 
as may be established by law by the presiding officers of said courts. 
The clerk against whom proceedings are instituted shall receive 
notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the causes alleged for his 
removal, at least ten days before the day appointed to act thereon, 
and the clerk shall be entitled to an api^eal to the next term of the 
Superior Court, and thence to the Supreme Court as provided in 
other cases of appeals. 

Sec 33. The amendments made to the Constitution of North Caro- 
lina by this Convention shall not have the effect to vacate any office 
or term of office now existing under the Constitution of the State 



State Constitution. 207 

and filled or held by virtue of any election or appointment under the 
said Constitution and the laws of the State made in pursuance 
thereof. 

ARTICLE V. 

BEVENUE AND TAXATION. 

Section 1. The General Assembly shall levy a capitation tax on 
every male inhabitant in the State over twenty-one and under fifty 
years of age, which shall be equal on each to the tax on property 
valued at three hundred dollars in cash. The commissioners of the 
several counties may exempt from capitation tax in special cases, 
on account of poverty and infirmity, and the State and county capi- 
tation tax combined shall never exceed two dollars on the head. 

Sec. 2. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall 
be applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor, 
but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent thereof be 
appropriated to the latter purpose. 

Sec. 3. Laws shall be passed taxing, by a uniform rule, all moneys, 
credits, investments in bonds, stocks, joint-stock companies, or other- 
wise ; and, also, all real and personal property, according to its true 
value in money. The General Assembly may also tax trades, profes- 
sions, franchises, and incomes : Provided, that no income shall be 
taxed when the property from which the income is derived is taxed. 

Sec 4. Until the bonds of the State shall be at par, the General 
Assembly shall have no power to contract any new debt or pecuniary 
obligation in behalf of the State, except to supply a casual deficit, 
or for suppressing invasions or insurrections, unless it shall in the 
same bill levy a special tax to pay the interest annually. And the 
General Assembly shall have no power to give or lend the credit of 
the State in aid of any person, association or corporation, except to 
aid in the completion of such railroads as may be unfinished at the 
time of the adoption of this Constitution, or in which the State has 
a direct pecuniary interest, unless the subject be submitted to a 
direct vote of the people of the State, and be approved by the ma- 
jority of those who shall vote thereon. 

Sec. 5. Proi:)erty belonging to the State, or to municipal corpora- 
tions, shall be exempt from taxation. The General Assembly may 
exempt cemeteries and property held for educational, scientific, lit- 
erary, charitable or religious purposes ; also wearing apparel, arms 



20S State Constitution. 

for muster, household and kitchen furniture, the mechanical and 
agricultural implements of mechanics and farmers, libraries and 
scientific instruments, or any other personal property, to a value not 
exceeding three hundred dollars. 

Sec 6. The taxes levied by the commissioners of the several coun- 
ties for county purposes shall be levied in like manner with the State 
taxes, and shall never exceed the double of the State tax, except for 
a special purpose, and with the special approval of the General 
Assembly. 

Sec. 7. Every act of the General Assembly levying a tax shall 
state the special object to which it is to be applied, and it shall be 
applied to no other purpose. 

ARTICLE VI. 

SUFFRAGE AND ELIGIBILITY TO OFFICE. 

Section 1. Every male person born in the United States, and every 
male person who has been naturalized, twenty-one years of age, and 
possessing the qualifications set out in this article, shall be entitled 
to vote at any election by the people in the State, except as herein 
otherwise provided. 

Sec 2. He shall have resided in the State of North Carolina for 
two years, in the county six months, and in the precinct, ward or 
other election district in which he offers to vote, four months next 
preceding the election: Provided, that removal from one precinct, 
ward, or other election district, to another in the same county, shall 
not operate to deprive any person of the right to vote in the precinct, 
ward or other election district from which he has removed until 
four months after such removal. No person who has been convicted, 
or who has confessed his guilt in open court upon indictment, of any 
crime, the punishment of which now is or may hereafter be impris- 
onment in the State's Prison, shall be permitted to vote unless the 
said person shall be first restored to citizenship in the manner pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec .3. Every person offering to vote shall be at the time a legally 
registered voter as herein prescribed and in the manner hereafter 
provided by law, and the General Assembly of North Carolina shall 
enact general registration laws to carry into effect the provisions of 
this article. 



State CoNSTiTtfTioN. 209 

Sec. 4. Every person presenting himself for registration shall be 
able to read and write any section of the Constitution in the Eng- 
lish language ; and before he shall be entitled to vote he shall have 
paid, on or before the first day of May of the year in which he pro- 
poses to vote, his poll tax for the previous year as prescribed by 
Article V, section 1, of the Constitution. But no male person who 
was on January 1, 1867, or at any time prior thereto, entitled to 
vote under the laws of any State in the United States wherein he 
then resided, and no lineal descendant of any such person, shall be 
denied the right to register and vote at any election in this State 
by reason of his failure to possess the educational qualifications 
herein prescribed : Provided, he shall have registered in accordance 
with the terms of this section prior to December 1. 1908. The Gen- 
eral Assembly shall provide for the registration of all persons en- 
titled to vote without the educational qualifications herein prescribed, 
and shall, on or before November 1, 1908, provide for the making of 
a permanent record of such registi*ation. and all persons so regis- 
tered shall forever thereafter have the right to vote in all elections 
by the people in this State, unless disqualified under section 2 of 
this article: Provided, such person shall have paid his poll tax as 
above required. 

Sec. 5. That this amendment to the Constitution is presented and 
adopted as one indivisible plan for the regulation of the suffrage, 
with the intent and pui-pose to so connect the different parts and to 
make them so dependent upon each other that the whole shall stand 
or fall together. 

Sec. 6. All elections by the people shall be by ballot, and all elec- 
tions by the General Assembly shall be inva voce. 

Sec. 7. Every voter in North Carolina, except as in this article 
disqualified, shall be eligible to office, but before entering upon the 
duties of the office he shall take and subscribe the following oath : 

"I , do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will sup- 
port and maintain the Constitution and laws of the United States 
and the Constitution and laws of North Carolina not inconsistent 
therewith, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of my 
office as So help me, God." 

Sec S. The following classes of persons shall be disqualified for 
office: First, all persons who shall deny the being of Almighty God. 

14 



210 State Constitution. 

Second all persons who shall have been convictod or confessed their 
guilt on indictment pending, and whether sentenced or not, or under 
judgment susijendetl, of any treason or felony, or of any other crime 
for which the punishment may be imprisonment in the penitentiary, 
since becoming citizens of the United States, or of cormption or mal- 
practice in ofRce, unless such person shall be restored to the rights 
of citizenship in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. That this amendment to the Constitution shall go into 
effect on the first day of July, nineteen hundred and two, if a ma- 
jority of votes cast at the next general election shall be cast in favor 
of this suffrage amendment. 

ARTICLE VII. 

MITNICIPAi CORPORATIONS. 

Section 1. In each county there shall be elected biennially by the 
qualified voters thereof, as provided for the election of members of 
the General Assembly, the following officers: A treasurer, register 
of deeds, surveyor, and five commissioners. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the commis-sioners to exercise a 
general supervision and control of the penal and charitable institu- 
tions, schools, roads, bridges, levying of taxes, and finances of the 
county, as may be prescribed by law. The register of deeds shall 
be. ex oflicio, clerk of the board of commissioners. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the commissioners first elected in 
each county to divide the same into convenient districts, and to 
report the same to the General Assembly before the first day of 
January, 1869. 

Sec. 4. Upon the approval of the reports provided for in the fore- 
going section by the General Assembly, the said districts shall have 
corporate powers for the necessary purposes of local government, 
and shall be known as townships. 

Sec. 5. In each township there shall be biennially elected by the 
qualified voters thereof a clerk and two justices of the peace, who 
shall constitute a board of trustees, and shall, under the supervision 
of the county commissioners, have control of the taxes and finances, 
roads and bridges of the townships, as may l>e prescribed by law. 
The General Assembly may provide for the election of a larger num- 
ber of the justices of the peace in cities and towns and in those 



State Constitution. 211 

townships in whicli cities and towns are situated. In every town- 
sliip there shall also be biennially elected a school comnaittee, con- 
sisting of three persons, whose duties shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. G. The township board of trustees shall assess the taxable 
property of their townships and make returns to the county commis- 
sioners for revision, as may be prescribed by law. The clerk shall 
be, ex officio, treasurer of the township. 

Sec. 7. No county, city, town or other municipal corporation shall 
contract any debt, pledge its faith or loan its credit, nor shall any 
tax be levied or collected by any officers of the same except for the 
necessary expenses thereof, unless by a vote of the majority of the 
qualified voters therein. 

Sec S. No money shall be drawn from any county or township 
treasury except by authority of law. 

Sec. 9. All taxes levied by any county, city, town or township 
shall be uniform and ad valorem upon all property in the same, ex- 
cept property exempted by this Constitution. 

Sec 10. The county officers first elected under the provisions of 
this article shall enter upon their duties ten days after the approval 
of this Constitution by the Congress of the United States. 

Sec 11. The Governor shall appoint a sufficient number of justices 
of the peace in each county, who shall hold their places until sec- 
tions four, five and six of this article shall have been carried into 
effect. 

Sec 12. All charters, ordinances and provisions relating to munici- 
pal corporations shall remain in force until legally changed, unless 
inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution. 

Sec. 13. No county, city, town or other municipal corporation shall 
assume to pay. nor shall any tax be levied or collected for the pay- 
ment of any debt, or the interest upon any debt, contracted directly 
or indirectly in aid or support of the rebellion. 

Sec 14. The General Assembly shall have full power by statute 
to modify, change or abrogate any and all of the provisions of this 
article and substitute others in their place, except sections seven, 
nine and thirteen. 



212 State Constitution. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

CORPORATIONS OTHER THAN MUNICIPAL. 

Section 1. Corporations may be formed under general laws, but 
shall not be created by special act except for municipal puiTDOses 
and in cases where, in the judgment of the Legislature, the object 
of the coi"poration cannot be attained under the general laws. All 
general laws and special acts passed pursuant to this section may be 
altered from time to time or repealed. 

Sec. 2. Dues from corporations shall be secured by such individual 
liabilities of the corporations and other means as may be prescribed 
by law. 

Sec. 3. The term corporation, as used in this article, shall be con- 
strued to include all associations and joint-stock companies having 
any of the powers and privileges of corporations not possessed by 
individuals or partnerships. And all corporations shall have the 
right to sue and shall be subject to be sued in all courts in like cases 
as natural persons. 

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide for the- 
organization of cities, towns and incorporated villages, and to re- 
strict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing money, con- 
tracting debts and loaning their credit, so as to prevent abuses in 
assessment and in contracting debts by such municipal corporations. 

ARTICLE IX. 

EDUCATION. 

Section 1. Religion, morality, and knowledge being necessary to 
good government and the happiness of manlvind, schools and the 
means of education shall forever be encouraged. 

Sec. 2. The General Assembly, at its first session under this Con- 
stitution, shall provide by taxation and otherwise for a general and 
uniform system of public schools, wherein tuition shall be free of 
charge to all the children of the State between the ages of six and 
twenty-one years. And the children of the white race and the chil- 
dren of the colored race shall be taught in separate public schools; 
but there shall be no discrimination in favor of or to the prejudice 
of either race. 



State Constitution. 213 

Sec. 3. Each county of the State shall be divided iuto a convenient 
number of districts, in which one or more public schools shall be 
maintained at least four mouths in every year ; and if the commis- 
sioners of any county shall fail to comply with the aforesaid require- 
ments of this section they shall be liable to indictment. 

Sec. 4. The proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may 
be granted by the United States to this State and not otherwise 
appropriated by this State or the United States, also all moneys, 
stoclis, bonds, and other property now belonging to any State fund 
for purposes of education, also the net proceeds of all sales of the 
swamp lands belonging to the State, and all other grants, gifts, or 
devises that have been or hereafter may be made to the State and 
not otherwise appropriated by the State or by the terms of the grant, 
gift, or devise, shall be paid into the State Treasuiy, and, together 
with so much of the ordinary revenue of the State as may be by law 
set apart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated for estab- 
lishing and maintaining in this State a system of free public schools 
and for no other uses or purposes whatsoever. 

Sec. 5. All moneys, stocks, bonds and other property belonging to 
a county school fund, also the net proceeds from the sale of estrays. 
also the clear proceeds of all penalties and forfeitures and of all 
fines collected in the several counties for any breach of the penal 
or militai-y laws of the State, and all moneys which shall be paid 
by persons as an equivalent for exemption from military duty, shall 
belong to and remain in the several counties, and shall be faithfully 
appropriated for establishing and maintaining free public schools in 
the several counties in this State : Provided, that the amount col- 
lected in each county shall be annually i-eported to the Superintend- 
ent of Public Instruction. 

Sec. 6. The General Assembly shall have power to provide for the 
election of trustees of the University of North Carolina, in whom, 
when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises 
and endowments thereof in anywise granted to or conferred upon 
the trustees of said University ; and the General Assembly may make 
such provisions, laws and regulations from time to time as may be 
necessary and expedient for the maintenance and management of 
said University. 



214 State CojStstitution. 

Sec. 7. The Geueral Assembly sball provide that the benefits of 
the University, as far as practicable, be extended to the youth of the 
State free of expense for tuition ; also that all the property which 
has heretofore accrued to the State or shall hereafter accnie from 
escheats, unclaimed dividends or distributive shares of the estates 
of deceased persons, shall be appropriated to the use of the Uni- 
versity. 

Sec. 8. The Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, 
Treasurer, Auditor, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and At- 
torney-General shall constitute a State Board of Education. 

Sec. 9. The Governor shall be president and the Superintendent 
of Public Instruction shall be secretary of the Board of Education. 

Sec 10. The Board of Education shall succeed to all the powers 
and trusts of the president and directors of the literary fund of North 
Carolina, and shall have full power to legislate and make all needful 
rules and regulations in relation to free public schools and the edu- 
cational fund of the State ; but all acts, rules and regulations of said 
board may be altered, amended or repealed by the General Assem- 
bly, and when so altered, amended or repealed they shall not be 
reenacted by the board. 

Sec. 11. The first session of the Board of Education shall be held 
at the capital of the State within fifteen days after the organization 
of the State Government under this Constitution ; the time of future 
meetings may be determined by the boaixl. 

Sec 12. A majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the 
transaction of business. 

Sec 13. The contingent expenses of the board shall be provided by 
the General Assembly. 

Sec 14. As soon as practicable after the adoption of this Constitu- 
tion the General Assembly shall establish and maintain in connection 
with the University a department of agriculture, of mechanics, of 
mining and of normal instruction. ^ 

Sec 15. The General Assembly is hereby empowered to enact that 
every child of sufficient mental and physical ability shall attend the 
public schools during the period between the ages of six and eighteen 
years for a term of not less than sixteen months, unless educated by 
other means. 



State Constitution. 215 

ARTICLE X. 

HOMESTEADS AND EXEMPTIONS. 

Section 1. The personal property of any resident of this State to 
the value of five hundred dollars, to be selected by such resident, 
shall be and is hereby exempted from sale under execution or other 
final process of any court issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Every homestead, and the dwellings and buildings used 
therewith, not exceeding in value one thousand dollars, to be selected 
by the owner thereof, or in lieu thereof, at the option of the owner, 
any lot in a city, town or village, with the dwellings and buildings 
used thereon, owned and occupied by any resident of this State, and 
not exceeding the value of one thousand dollars, shall be exempt 
from sale under execution or other final process obtained on any 
debt. But no property shall be exempt from sale for taxes or for 
payment of obligations contracted for the purchase of said premises. 

Sec. 3. The homestead, after the death of the owner thereof, shall 
be exempt from the payment of any debt during the minority of his 
children or any one of them. 

Sec. 4. The provisions of sections one and two of this article shall 
not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's lien for work done and 
performed for the person claiming such exemj^tion. or a mechanic's 
lien for work done on the premises. 

Sec. 5. If the owner of a homestead die, leaving a widow but no 
children, the same shall be exempt from the debts of her husband, 
and the rents and profits thereof shall inure to her benefit during 
her widowhood, unless she be the owner of a homestead in her own 
right. 

Sec. G. The real and personal property of any female in this State 
acquired before marriage, and all property, real and pei'sonal, to 
which she may, after marriage, become in any manner entitled, shall 
be and remain the sole and separate, estate and property of such 
female, and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations or engage- 
ments of her husband, and may be devised and bequeathed, and, with 
the written assent of her husband, conveyed by her as if she were 
unmarried. 

Sec. 7. The husband may insure his own life for the sole use and 
benefit of his wife and children, and in case of the death of the 
husband the amount thus insured shall be paid over to the wife and 



216 State Constitution. 

children, or to the guardian if under age, for her or their own use, 
free from all the claims of the representatives of her husband or 
any of his creditors. 

Sec. S. Nothing contained in the foregoing sections of this article 
shall operate to prevent the owner of a homestead from disposing 
of the same by deed ; but no deed made by the owner of a home- 
stead shall be valid without the voluntary signatui-e and assent of 
his wife, signified on her private examination according to law. 

ARTICLE XI. 

PUNISHMENTS, PENAL INSTITUTIONS AND PUBLIC CHARITIES. 

Section 1. The following punishments only shall be known to the 
laws of this State, viz., death, imprisonment with or without hai-d 
labor, fines, removal from office, and disqualification to hold and 
enjoy any office of honor, tnist or profit under this State. The fore- 
going provision for imprisonment with hard labor shall be construed 
to authorize the employment of such convict labor on public works 
or highways, or other labor for public benefit, and the farming out 
thereof, where and in such manner as may be provided by law ; but 
no convict shall be farmed out who has been sentenced on a charge 
of murder, manslaughter, rape, attempt to commit rape, or arson : 
Provided, that no convict whose labor may be farmed out shall be 
punished for any failure of duty as a laborer except by a responsible 
officer of the State ; but the convicts so farmed out shall be at all 
times under the supervision and control, as to their government and 
discipline, of the penitentiary board or some officer of the State. 

Sec. 2. The object of punishment being not only to satisfy justice, 
but also to reform the offender, and thus prevent crime, murder, 
arson, burglary, and rape, and these only may be punishable with 
death, if the General Assembly shall so enact. 

Sec 3. The General Assembly shall, at its first meeting, make pro- 
vision for the erection and conduct of a State's prison or peniten- 
tiary at some central and accessible point within the State. 

Sec. 4. The General Assembly may provide for the erection of a 
house of correction, where vagrants and persons guilty of misde- 
meanors shall be restrained and usefully employed. 

Sec 5. A house or houses of refuge may be established whenever 
the public interests may require it, for the correction and instruction 
of other classes of offenders. 



State Constitution. 217 

Sec. G. It shall be required by competent legislation that the 
structure and superintendence of penal institutions of the State, the 
county jails and city police prisons secure the health and comfort of 
the prisoners, and that male and female prisoners be never confined 
in the same room or cell. 

Sec. 7. Beneficent provisions for the poor, the unfortunate and 
orphan being one of the first duties of a civilized, and Christian State, 
the General Assembly shall, at its first session, appoint and define 
the duties of a board of public charities, to whom shall be entrusted 
the sui:>ervision of all charitable and penal State institutions, and 
who shall annually report to the Governor upon their condition, 
with suggestions for their improvement. 

Sec. 8. There shall also, as soon as practicable, be measures de- 
vised by the State for the establishment of one or more orphan 
houses, where destitute orphans may be cared for, educated, and 
taught some business or trade. 

Sec. 9. It shall be the duty of the Legislature, as soon as practi- 
cable, to devise means for the education of idiots and inebriates. 

Sec. 10. The General Assembly may provide that the indigent deaf- 
mute, blind, and insane of the State shall be cared for at the charge 
of the State. 

Sec 11. It shall be steadily kept in view by the Legislature and 
the Board of Public Charities, that all penal and charitable institu- 
tions should be made as nearly self-supporting as is consistent with 
the purposes of their creation. 

ARTICLE XII. 

MILITIA. 

Section 1. All able-bodied male citizens of the State of North Car- 
olina, between the ages of twenty-one and forty years, who are citi- 
zens of the United States, shall be liable to do duty in the militia : 
Provided, that all persons who may be averse to bearing arms, from 
religious scruples, shall be exempt therefrom. 

Sec 2. The General Assembly shall provide for the organizing, 
arming, equipping and discipline of the militia, and for paying the 
same when called into active service. 

Sec. 3. The Governor shall be commander in chief, and shall have 
power to call out the militia to execute the law, suppress riots or 
insurrection, and to repel invasion. 



218 State Constitution. 

Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall have power to make such 
exemptions as may be deemed necessary, and enact laws that may 
be expedient for the government of the militia. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Section 1. No convention of the people of this State shall ever be 
called by the General Assembly, unless by the concurrence of two- 
thirds of V all the members of each bouse of the General Assembly, 
and except the proposition, Convention, or No Convention, be first 
submitted to the qualified voters of the whole State, at the next 
general election in a manner to be prescribed by law. And should 
a majority of the votes cast be in favor of said convention, it shall 
assemble on such day as may be prescribed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 2. No part of the Constitution of this State shall be altered 
unless a bill to alter the same shall have been agreed to by three- 
fifths of each house of the General Assembly. And the amendment 
or amendments so agreed to shall be submitted at the next general 
election to the qualified voters of the whole State, in such a manner 
as may be prescribed by law. And in the event of their adoption 
by a majority of the votes cast, such amendment or amendments 
shall become part of the Constitution of the State. 

ARTICLE XIY. 

MISCEIiANEOUS. 

Section 1. All indictments which shall have been found, or may 
hereafter be found, for any crime or offense committed before this 
Constitution takes effect, may be proceeded upon in the proper courts, 
but no punishment shall be infiicted which is forbidden by this Con- 
stitution. 

Sec. 2. No person who shall hereafter fight a duel, or assist in 
the same as a second, or send, accept, or knowingly carry a challenge 
therefor, or agree to go out of the State to fight a duel, shall hold any 
office in this State. 

Sec. 3. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in conse- 
quence of appropriations made by law : and an accurate account of 
the receipts and expenditures of the public money shall be annually 
published. 



State Constitution. 219 

Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall provide, by proper legislation, 
for giving to mecbanics and laborers an adequate lien on the subject- 
matter of their labor. 

Sec. 5. In the absence of any contrary provision, all officers of this 
State, whether heretofore elected or appointed by the Governor, 
shall hold their positions only until other appointments are made by 
the Governor, or, if the officers are elective, until their successors 
shall have been chosen and duly qualified according to the provisions 
of this Constitution. 

Sec. (3. The seat of government of this State shall remain at the 
city of Raleigh. 

Sec. 7. No person who shall hold any office or place of trust or 
profit under the United States, or any department thereof, or under 
this State, or under any other State or Government, shall hold or 
exercise any other office or place of trust or profit under the author- 
ity of this State, or be eligible to a seat in either house of the General 
Assembly : Provided, that nothing herein contained shall extend to 
officers in the militia, justices of the peace, commissioners of puldic 
charities, or commissioners for special purposes. 

Sec. 8. All marriages between a white person and a negro, or be- 
tween a white person and white person of negro descent to the third 
generation, inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited. 



'M 



INDEX TO STATE CONSTITUTION. 



A. Article. S. Section. 

Abuses in assessments and contracting debts by municipal corporations, 

General Assembly to prevent, A. 8, S. 4. 
Actions at law and equity suits, no distinction, A. 4, S. 1. 

Pending when Constitution took effect, A. 4, S. 20. 
Acts of General Assembly, style of, A. 2, S. 21. 

Levying taxes, must state object, A. 5, S. 7. 
Agriculture, Department of, A. 3, S. 17. 

In connection with University, A. 9, S. 14. 
Alimony, General Assembly does not secure, A. 2, S. 10. 
Allegiance to U. S. Government, A. 1, S. 5. 
Amendments, A. 13. 

Do not vacate existing offices, A. 4, S. 33. 
Answer to criminal charge, A. 1, S. 12. 

Apportionment of Senators and Representatives, A. 2, SS. 4, 5, 6. 
Arms, right to bear, A. 1, S. 24. 
Article VII, General Assembly may modify or repeal certain sections. A. 

7, S. 14. 
Assemblage, right of, A. 1, S. 25. 
Attorney-General advises executive, A. 3, S. 14. 

Duties of, A. 3, S. 13. 
Auditor, duties of, A. 3, S. 13. 
Bail, excessive, A. 1, S. 14. 
Ballot, elections to be by, A. 6, S. 3. 

Bills of General Assembly read three times, A. 2, S. 23. 
Blind provided for, A. 11, S. 10. 
Board of Charities, A. 11, S. 7. 
Boundaries of State, A. 1, S. 34. 
Capitation tax, application of proceeds from, A. 5, S. 2. 

Exempts, A. 5, S. 1. 
Capital punishment, A. 11, S. 2. 
Charities, public, A. 11. 

Deaf-mutes and the blind, A. 11, S. 10. 

Idiots and inebriates, A. 11, S. 9. 

Provision for orphans and the poor, A. 11, S. 7. 

Self-supporting, as far as possible, A. 11, S. 11. 
Cities organized by legislation, A. 8, S. 4. 
Citizenship, restoration to, A. 2, S. 11. 
Civil and criminal actions, A. 4, S. 1. 
Claims against the State, A. 4, S. 9. 
Clerk of Superior Court, election of, A. 4, S. 10. 

Removal for inability, A. 4, S. 32. 

Term of office of, A. 4, S. 17. 

Supreme Court, A. 4, S. 15. 



Index to State Constitution. 221 

Clerks, removal of, A. 4, S. 32. 

Commutations, A. 3, S. 6. 

Compulsory education, General Assembly may provide, A. 9, S. 15. 

Concealed weapons, carrying not justified, A. 1, S. 24. 

Constitution, how changed, A. 13, S. 2. 

Controversies at law about property, A. 1, S. 19. 

Convention, how called, A. 13. 

Convict labor, A. 11, S. 1. 

Coroner and sheriff, A. 4, S. 24. 

Correction, house of, A. 11, S. 4. 

Corporations, municipal, A. 7. 

Charters remain in force till legally changed, A. 7, S. 12. 

Power of General Assembly over, A. 7, S. 12. 
Corporations other than municipal, A. 8. 

Debts of, how secured, A. S, S. 2. 

Definition of, A. 8, S. 3. 

Under general laws, A. 8, S. 1. 
Correction, houses of, A. 11, S. 4. 
Council of State, A. 3, S. 14. 
Counsel allowed defendant, A. 1, S. 11. 
County Commissioners, election and duty of, A. 7, SS. 1, 2. 

Commissioners divide, into districts, A. 7, S. 3. 

Districts have corporate powers as townships, A. 7, S. 4. 

Majority of voters necessary to levy taxes, etc., A. 7, S. 7. 

Money, how drawn from its treasury, A. 7, S. 8. 

Officers enter on duty, when, A. 7, S. 10; of townships, A. 7, S. 5. 

School districts, A. 9, S. 3; fund, A. 9, S. 5. 

Taxes to be ad valorem, A. 7, S. 9. 

Township trustees assess property, A. 7, S. 6. 
County treasurer, A. 7, S. 1. 
Courts to be open, A. 1, S. 35. 
Kinds of, A. 4, S. 2. 

Criminal charges, an.swers to, A. 1, S. 12. 
Criminal and civil actions, A. 4, S. 1. 

Courts for cities and towns, A. 4, S. 14. 

Prosecutions, A. 1, S. 11. 
Deaf-mutes provided for, A. 11, S. 10. 
Death punishment, A. 11, S. 2. 
Debt does not affect homestead, A. 10, S. 3. 

County, city or town cannot contract, except by majority of qualified 
voters, A. 7, S. 7. 

Imprisonment for, A. 1, S. 16. 

In aid of rebellion, void, A. 7, S. 13. 
Debt, restrictions upon increase of public, etc., A. 5, S. 4. 

What bonds declared invalid, A. 1, S. 6. 
Declaration of rights, A. 1. 
Department of Agriculture, A. 3, S. 17. 
Divorce, General Assembly does not grant, A. 2, S. 17. 



222 Index to State Constitution. 

Disqualification for office, A. 6, S. 5; A. 14, S. 7. 

Dueling disqualifies, A. 14, S. 2. 
Education, board of, A. 9, S. S; officers, A. 9, S. 9; expenses, A. 9, S. 13. 

First session of, A. 9, S. 11; power of, A. 9, S. 10. 

Quorum, A. 9, S. 12. 

County school fund, A. 9, S. 5. 

Encouraged, A. 9, S. 1; A. 1, S. 27. 

Property devoted to, A. 9, SS. 4, 5. 
Election of officers by General Assembly, viva voce, A. 2, S. 9. 
Elections, by people and General Assembly, A. 6, S. 3. 

Contested, returns of, A. 3, S. 3. 

Free, A. 1, S. 10; frequent, A. 1, S. 2S. 
Electors, oath of office of, A. G, S. 4. 

Qualification of, A. 6, S. 1. 
Electors, registration of, A. 6, S. 2. 
Eligibility to office, A. 6. 
Emoluments, exclusive, none, A. 1, S. 7. 

Hereditary, A. 1, S. 30. 
Entails to be regulated, A. 2, S. 15. 

Enumeration of rights, not to impair others retained by people, A. 1, S. 37. 
Equity suits and actions at law, distinction abolished, A. 4, S. 1. 

Pending when Constitution took effect, A. 4, S. 20. 
Evidence against himself, criminal not compelled to give, A. 1, S. 11. 
Executive, Attorney-General advises, A. 3, S. 14. 

Department of, A. 3; distinct, A. 1, S. 8. 

Officers, A. 3, S. 1; compensation, A. 3, S. 15. 

Duties, A. 3, S. 13; reports of, A. 3, S. 7. 

Terms of offilce of, A. 3, S. 1. 

Seal of State, A. 3, S. 16. 

Vacancy in, how filled, A. 3, S. 13. 
Exemption, A. 10, S. 1. 

By reason of military duty, etc., A. 12, S. 4. 

Property of feme covert not liable for husband's debts, A. 10, S. 6. 
Ex post facto laws, A. 1, S. 32. 
Extra session of General Assembly, A. 3, S. 9. 
Feigned issues abolished, A. 4, S. 1. 

Feme sole, property of, not liable for husband's debts, A. 10, S. 6. 
Finos, excessive, A. 1, S. 14. 
Freedom of the press. A. 1, S. 20. 

Fundamental principles, frequent recurrence to, A. 1, S. 29. 
General Assembly, acts, style of, A. 2, S. 21. 

Article VII may be modified or repealed by, A. 7, S. 14. 

Bills and resolutions read three times, A. 2, S. 23. 

Compulsory education may be enforced by, A. 9, S. 15. 

Election by, A. 6, S. 3. 

Entails regulated by, A. 2, S. 15. 

Extra sessions, A. 2, S. 28; A. 3, S. 9. 

Journals kept, A. 2, S. 16; protests entered on, A. 2, S. 17. 



< 



I 



Index to State Constitution. 223 

Genei-al Assembly, members of, A. 2, S. 24. 

Assemble when, A. 2, S. 2. 

Election for, when held, A. 2, S. 27. 

OfHce a disqualification, A. 14, S. 7. 

Terms commence with election, A. 2, S. 25. 

Vacancies, how filled, A. 2, S. 13. 
Municipal corporations controlled by, A. 7, S. 14. 
Names, personal, not changed by, A. 2, S. 11. 
Officers of, election, viva voce, A. 2, S. 9. 

Pay of, A. 2, S. 28. 

President of Senate, A. 2, S. 19. 

Speaker of House, A. 2, S. 18. 
Powers of, A. 2, S. 22. 

In relation to divorce and alimony, A. 2, S. 10. 
Representation apportioned by, A. 2, SS. 4, 5. 
Revenue, A. 2, S. 14. 
Schools provided by, A. 9, S. 2. 
University to be maintained by, A. 9, SS. 6, 7. 
Yeas and nays, A. 2, SS. 14, 27. 
Government, allegiance to U. S., A. 1, S. 5. 
Internal, of State, A. 1, S. 3. 
Origin of, A. 1, S. 2. 

Seat of, remains in Raleigh, A. 14, S. 6. 
Governor commands militia, A. 3, S. 8. 

Commutations, pardons, reprieves, A. 3, S. 6. 
Justices of peace appointed by, when, A. 7, S. 11. 
Governor, compensation, A. 3, S. 15. 
Duties of, A. 3, S. 12. 
Extra session called by, A. 3, S. 9. 
Impeachment of, A. 3, S. 12. 
Lieutenant, qualification of, A. 3, S. 2. 
Oath of office, A. 3, S. 4. 

Officers appointed by, A. 3, S. 10; A. 14, S. 5. 
Residence of, A. 3, S. 5. 
Qualification of, A. 3, S. 2. 
Vacancy in office of, A. 3, S. 12. 
Habeas corpus, A. 1, S. 21. 
Hereditary emoluments, A. 1, S. 30. 
Homestead and exemption, A. 10. S. 2. 
Benefit of widow in, A. 10, S. 5. 
Exempted from debt, A 10, S. 3. 
Laborer's lien attaches, A. 10, S. 4. 
Privy examination of wife to dispose of, A. 10, S. 8. 
House of correction, A. 11, S. 4. 
Orphans, A. 11, S. 8. 
Refuge, A. 11, S. 5. 
Representatives, apportionment, A. 2, S. 5. 

Officers of, A. 2, S. 18; term begins when, A. 2, S. 25; qualification 
for, A. 2, S. 8; ratio of, A. 2, S. 6. 



224 Index to State Constitution. 

Husband can insure life for benefit of family, A. 10, S. 7. 
Idiots provided for, A. 11, S. 9. 
Immigration, Department of, A. 3, S. 17. 
Impeachment, A. 4, S. 4. 

Court of, A. 4, S. 3. 

Of Governor, A. 3, S. 12. 
Imprisonment for debt, A. 1, S. 16. 

Except by law, wrong, A. 1, S. 17. 
Indictments for ci'imes committed before Constitution took effect, A. 14, 

S. 1. 
Inebriates, A. 11, S. 9. 
Inferior courts, A. 4, S. 12. 

Officers of, A. 4, S. 30. 
Insane provided for, A. 11, S. 10. 
Institutions, charitable, A. 11. 

Penal, A. 11. 

Public, annual reports from, A. 3, S. 7. 

Self-supporting, as far as possible, A. 11, S. 11. 

Sexes to be separated, A. 11, S. 6. 
Instruction, Superintendent of Public, A. 3, S. 13. 
Intermarriage of whites and negroes prohibited, A. 14, S. S. 
Internal government of State, A. 1, S. 3. 
Issues of fact, by whom tried and how waived, A. 4, S. 13. 
Judges, election, terms of, etc., A. 4, S. 21. 

Fees, salaries, emoluments, A. 4, S. 18. 
Judges, removal of, for inability, A. 4, S. 31. 

Residence of, A. 4, S. 11. 
Judicial Department, A. 4. 

Districts for Superior Courts, A. 4, S. 10. 

General Assembly not to deprive of jurisdiction, A. 4, S. 12. 

Powers, division of, A. 4, S. 2. 

Term of first officers under Constitution, A. 4, S. 26. 

Vacancies, A. 4, S. 25. 
Judicial remedy allowed all, A. 1, S. 35. 
Judiciary distinct, A. 1, S. 8. 
Jurisdiction, courts inferior to Supreme, A. 4, S. 12. 

Justices of the peace, A. 4, S. 27. 

Supreme Court, A. 4, S. 8. 
Jury, right of, A. 1, S. 13. 

Trial by, waived, A. 4, S. 13. 

Sacred and inviolable, A. 1, S. 19. 
Justices of the peace, Governor appoints, when, A. 7, S. 11. 

Jurisdiction of, A. 4, S. 27. 

Vacancies in office, A. 4, S. 28. 
Laborers' and mechanics' lien, A. 14, S. 4. 

Attaches homestead, A. 10, S. 4. 
Law of the land, no person imprisoned, or deprived of life, etc., but by, 
A. 1, S. 17. 



M 



Index to State Constitution. 225 

Laws, ex post facto and retrospective, A. 1, S. 32. 

Private, thirty days' notice before passage, A. 2, S. 12. 

^Vhat in force, A. 4, S. 19. 
Legislature, distinct, A. 1, S. 8. 

Two branclies of, A. 2, S. 1. 
Legislature provides for organizing towns, etc., A. 8, S. 4. 

Trials other than jury, A. 1, S. 13. 
Legitimation, General Assembly can pass general laws for, A. 2, S. 11. 
Liberty, deprivation of, except by law, A. 1, S. 17. 

Religious, A. 1, S. 26. 

Restraint of, remedied, A. 1, S. 18. 

Warrants without evidence, dangerous to, A. 1, S. 15. 
Lien of laborers and mechanics, A. 14, S. 4. 
Lieutenant Governor, President of Senate, duties of, A. 3, S. 11. 

When Governor, A. 3, S. 12. 
Literary fund. Board of Education to succeed to rights of, A. 9, S. 10 
Marriages between whites and negroes forbidden, A. 14, S. 8. 
Married woman, husband can insure life for benefit of, A. 10, S. 7. 

Privy examination of, to dispose of homestead, A. 10, S. 8. 

Property of, not liable for husband's debts, A. 10, S. 6. 
Mechanics' lien, A. 14, S. 4. 
Men, equality, rights of, A. 1, S. 1. 
Militia, A. 1, S. 24; A. 12. 

Exemptions from duty, A. 12, S. 4. 

Governor commands, A. 3, S. 8; A. 12, S. 3. 

Organization of, A. 12, S. 2. 

Who liable to bear arms, A. 12, S. 1. 
Money, how drawn from State Treasury, A. 4, S. 1. 

County or township treasury, A. 7, S. S. 
Monopolies are injurious, A. 1, S. 31. 
Municipal corporations, A. 7. 

Cannot contract debt except by majority of qualified voters, A. 7, S. 7. 

Charters remain in force till changed, A. 7, S. 12. 
Municipal corporations. General Assembly to provide for organization of, 
taxation, etc., by, A. 8, S. 4. 

Power of General Assembly over, A. 7, S. 14. 
Names, personal, how changed, A. 2, S. 11. 
Normal school to be maintained by General Assembly at University, A. 9, 

S. 14. 
Oath of member of General Assembly, A. 2, S. 24. 
Oath of Governor, A. 3, S. 4. 
Oath of office, A. 6, S. 4. 
Office, cannot hold two, A. 14, S. 7. 

Disqualification, A. 6, S. 5. 

Dueling disqualifies for, A. 14, S. 2. 

Eligibility to, A. 6. 

Qualification, property, none, A. 1, S. 22. 

15 



226 Index to tSrAXE Constitution. 

Officers, county, A. 7, SS. 1, 10. 

First elected, A. 4, S. 26. 

What, appointed by Governor, A. 3, S. 10; A. 14, S. 5. 
Orphans, liouses for, A. 11, S. S. 

Provisions for, A. 11, S. 7. 
Pardons, A. 3, S. 6. 

Peace, soldiers quartered in time of, A. 1, S. 36. 
Penitentiary, A. 11, S. 3. 

Convict labor, A. 11, S. 1. 

Self-supporting, as far as possible, A. 11, S. 11. 

Sexes separated, A. 11, S. 6. 
People, right of, to assemble together, A. 1, S. 25. 
Perpetuities injurious, A. 1, S. 31. 

General Assembly shall prevent, A. 2, S. 15. 
Political power and government, A. 1, S. 2. 

Societies in secret dangerous, A. 1, S. 25. 
Poor, provision for, A. 11, S. 7. 
Power of General Assembly, A. 2, S. 22. 

To suspend laws injurious, A. 1, S. 9. 
Powers, executive, judicial, and legislative, distinct, A. 1, S. 8. 

Judicial, division of, A. 4, S. 2. 
Press, freedom and abuse of, A. 1, S. 20. 
Principles, recurrence to fundamental, A. 1, S. 29. 
Prisoners, health and comfort secured, A. 11, S. 6. 
Private laws, A. 2, SS. 11, 12. 
Privileges, exclusive, none, A. 1, S. 7. 
Property, controversies at law about, A. 1, S. 19. 

Deprivation of, except by law, wrong, A. 1, S. 17. 

Devoted to education, A. 9, S. 4. 

Exemptions from taxation, A. 5, S. 5. 

Feme sole not liable for husband's debts, A. 10, S. 6. 

Qualifications, none, A. 1, S. 22. 
Prosecution, criminal, A. 1, S. 11. 
Protest, by whom and when made, A. 2, S. 17. 
Public debt, increase of, restricted, etc., A. 5, S. 4. 

What bonds declared invalid, A. 1, S. 6. 
Public money, how drawn, A. 14, S. 3. 

Public schools. General Assembly to provide for, A. 9, S. 2. 
Punishments, penal institutions and public charities, A. 11. 

Cruel or unusual, A. 1, S. 14; A. 14, S. 1. 
Qualification and election of members of General Assembly, each house 

judge of, A. 2, S. 22. 
Rebellion, debt in aid of, not to be paid," A. 7, S. 13. 
Recurrence to fundamental principles, A. 1, S. 29. 
Refuge, houses of, A. 11, S. 5. 
Register of deeds, A. 7, S. 1. 
Registration of electors, A. 6, S. 2. 
Religious liberty, A. 1, S. 26. 

Scruples against bearing arms, A. 12, S. 1. 



Indkx to State Constitution. 227 

Removal of Judges, A. 4, S. 31; of clerks, A. 4, S. 32. 

Representation and taxation, A. 1, S. 23. 

Reprieves, A. 3, S. 6. 

Retrospective laws, A. 1, S. 32. 

Revenue, A. 2, S. 14; A. 5. 

Right of assemblage, A. 1, S. 25. 

Jury, A. 1, S. 13. 

Secession, none, A. 1, S. 4. 

To bear arms, A. 1, S. 24. 

To suspend laws, injurious, A. 1, S. 9. 
Rights, declaration of, A. 1. 

Of men, A. 1, S. 1; A. 1, S. 37. 
Salaries and fees. General Assembly to regulate, A. 4, S. IS. 
Schools, attendance of children, A. 9, S. 15. 

County divided into districts, A. 9, S. 3. 

Fund, A. 9, S. 5. 

Provided by legislation, A. 9, S. 2. 
Schools, races separate, A. 9, S. 2. 
Seal of State, A. 3, S. 16. 

Search warrants without evidence, wrong, A. 1, S. 15. 
Seat of government at Raleigh, A. 14, S. 6. 
Secession, no right of, A. 1, S. 4. 
Secretary of State, duties of, A. 3, S. 13. 
Senate, presiding ofHcer, A. 2, S. 19. 

Pro tem. Speaker, when elected, A. 2, S. 20. 
Senators, number of, A. 2, S. 3. 

Other senatorial officers, A. 2, S. 20. 

President of, A. 2, S. 19. 

Qualifications for, A. 2, S. 7. 

Regulating senatorial districts, A. 2, S. 4. 
Sexes separated in confinement, A. 11, S. 6. 
Sheriff and coroner, A. 4, S. 24. 
Slavery prohibited, A. 1, S. 33. 
Societies, secret political, dangerous, A. 1, S. 25. 
Soldiers, how quartered, A. 1, S. 36. 
Solicitor, how elected, A. 4, S. 23. 
Special courts, A. 4, S. 14. 
State boundaries, A. 1, S. 34. 

Claims against, A. 4, S. 9. 

Internal government of, A. 1, S. 3. 
Statistics, department of, A. 3, S. 17. 
Suffrage and eligibility to office, A. 6. 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, A. 3, S. 13. 

Reports of county school fund to be made to, A. 9, S. 5. 
Superior Court clerk, his election, A. 4, S. 16. 

Term, A. 4, S. 17; vacancy, A. 4, S. 29. 

Districts, A. 4, S. 10. 

Judges, election and term, A. 4, S. 21. 



22S Index to State Constitution. 

Superior Court Judges, residence, A. 4, S. 11; rotation, A. 4, S. 11. 

Open at all times except for jurj' trials, A. 4, S. 22. 

Solicitor for each district, A. 4, S. 23. 

Special term, A. 4, S. 12. 

Transaction of business, A. 4, S. 22. 
Supreme Court Clerk, A. 4, S. 15; jurisdiction, A. 4, SS. 8, 9. 

Justices, A. 4, S. 6; election and terms of, A. 4, S. 21. 

Terms of, A. 4, S. 7. 
Surveyor, A. 7, S. 1. 
Suspending laws without consent of Representatives, not to be exercised, 

A. 1, S. 9. 
Taxation, ad valorem and uniform, A. 5, S. 3. 

And revenue, A. 5; A. 1, S. 23. 

Property, exemptions from, A. 5, S. 5. 

Of purchases and sales retrospectively not to be passed, A. 1, ^. 32. 
Taxes, acts to levy, to state object, A. 5, S. 7. 

Except for necessary expenses, not levied by county, city or town 
without assent of majority of voters, A. 7, S. 7. 

Levied by county commissioners, A. 5, S. 6. 

Of county to be ad valorem, A. 7, S. 9. 
Towns, etc., organized by legislation, A. S, S. 4. 
Townships, officers of, A. 7, S. 5. 
Treason against State, A. 4, S. 5. 
Treasurer, duties of, A. 3, S. 13. 

University, agricultural department of, mechanics, mining and normal 
instiniction connected with, A. 9, S. 14. 

Benefits of. A. 9, S. 7. 

Election of trustees, A. 9, S. 6. 

General Assembly shall maintain, A. 9, S. 7. 

Maintenance of, A. 9, S. 6. 

Property devoted to, A. 9, S. 7. 
Vacancies in General Assembly, A. 2, S. 13. 
Vacancies, other, A. 3, SS. 12, 13; A. 4, SS. 25, 28, 29. 
Vagrants, house of correction for, A. 11, S. 4. 
Warrants without evidence injurious, A. 1, S. 15. 
Whites and negroes cannot intermarrj-, A. 14, S. 8. 

Separated in schools, A. 9, S. 2. 
Widow, homestead benefits, A. 10, S. 5. 
Yeas and nays, when entered, A. 2, SS. 14, 26. 



I 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1912. 



I 



Counties. 


a 

11 


A 


1 

it 

0) p 


o 

Q 
>-^ 

g.S 

bjD =-» 

-3 O 






2,132 

852 

652 

1,487 

1,643 

217 

1,605 

1,571 

1,140 

777 

3,716 

1,365 

1,738 

1,627 

303 

1,153 

705 

2,110 

1,652 

906 

663 

372 

2,351 

1,668 

1,819 

1,678 

622 

397 

2,484 

823 

1,757 

2,197 

1,851 

3,042 

1,856 

2,333 

618 

416 

1,561 

894 

3,830 

2,300 

1,364 

2,068 

1,092 

1 742 

! 626 

' 636 

. 2,528 

1,210 

1 2,757 

1 635 


150 
523 
208 
125 
478 
138 
295 

43 

33 
280 
426 

48 
389 
482 

40 
218 
154 
203 

70 
734 

60 

17 

81 
155 

79 

235 

6 

238 

1,509 

810 

33 

124 

102 

1,689 

71 
244 

95 
261 
192 
124 
460 

42 
148 
354 
801 

61 

63 

76 

392 

315 

1,335 

35 


1,637 
497 
256 
118 

1,241 
950 
548 
61 
511 
456 

2,285 

1,288 

1,584 

1,167 

62 

537 

45 

1,872 

1,343 

477 

77 

387 

943 

892 

190 

870 

8 

80 

1,143 
345 

1,066 

1,204 
77 

1,262 
346 

1,279 
179 
223 
343 
152 

1,979 
135 

1,035 
861 
380 
105 
40 
300 

1,047 
729 

1,083 
125 


10 




Alpvandpr 










Anson 






Ashe 


1 

2 
61 




Avery 






Bertie 




■Rlnrlen 














101 




Burke 










Cn If) well 


11 




Camden 










Caswell 






Catawba 




3 


Chatham 


2 








Chowan 






Clay 

("'ipvpland 
















Craven 






Cumberland 


10 














Davidson 


10 


12 
1 


Duplin 

Durham 


3 
1 

49 

325 

1 

46 






Edgecombe 

Forsyth 




4 


Gaston 

Gates 


22 








Oranville 












Guilford 

Halifax 


43 


26 


Harnett _ 

Haywood 

Henderson 


5 
6 
2 


1 




Hertford 




Hoke 






Hyde 

Iredell 








2 


Jackson 

Johnston 


5 




Jones 


1 



230 



Vote for President, 1912. 
VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1912. 



Counties. 


o 

H 
Is 


.1^ 


1 

O Ct 


. Eugene V. Debs 

(Socialist). 


ta g 


Lee 


862 

1,568 

1,280 

1,020 

897 

1,251 

1,037 

3,967 

385 

1,012 

1,167 

1,862 

2,021 

1,625 

901 

997 

694 

972 

967 

647 

820 

2,303 

675 

2,665 

1,319 

2,706 

1,939 

2,748 

2,180 

1,265 

751 

1,702 

1,144 

1,919 

766 

631 

297 

1,786 

1,204 

3,996 

987 

503 

933 

2,293 

1,636 

1,741 

713 

1,112 


451 
122 

49 
134 
430 
229 
343 
284 
203 
144 
252 
172 
140 

57 

66 
172 

74 

77 

19 
228 
784 
347 
153 
370 

82 
154 
694 
280 

82 

84 

9 

105 

1,450 

2,277 

220 

107 

224 

92 
168 
282 
112 
384 
420 

95 
331 

82 
791 

60 


60 
347 

1,066 
841 

1,320 
34 
773 
533 
716 
846 
678 
576 
107 
53 
550 
821 
329 
184 
268 
44 
184 
433 
501 

1,809 
174 
660 
778 

1,537 

1,553 

2,520 
75 

1,548 
210 
608 
858 
537 
100 
457 
234 

1,517 

46 

149 

819 

1,090 

2,571 
561 
599 

1,036 






Lenoir 






Lincoln 


3 


12 


Macon 




Madison - -- 












McDowell - 


10 

38 




Mecklenbure 




Mitchell 












17 

42 




Nash 








Northamoton 






Onslow 








4 
20 








Paso uotank 
















Person 






Pitt 


3 
1 
6 
3 




Polk 




Randolph - _ __ _ _ 


8 


Hichmond 








Rockingham _ 


51 
50 

7 


9 




7 


Rutherford _ _ 


1 






Scotland 






Stanlv 






Stokes - - 


22 


1 














1 

4 

19 




Tyrrell 












Wake 


12 




Warren 












2 
16 






9 


Wilkes 




Wilson 






Yadkin 






Yancey -- 










Totals. 


144,507 


29,139 


69,130 


1,025 


117 







Vote foe Governor, 1912. 



231 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR, 1912. 



Counties. 


SB 


Thomas Settle 
(Republican). 




MS 


Alamance -- 


2,168 

871 

676 

1,513 

1,700 

227 

1,825 

1,636 

1,229 

827 

3,875 

1,375 

1,864 

1,661 

317 

1,165 

830 

2,136 

1,683 

949 

695 

381 

2,398 

1,894 

1,859 

1,786 

629 

391 

2,505 

835 

1,829 

2,264 

1,823 

3,119 

1,941 

2,363 

640 

431 

1,670 

921 

3,874 

2,334 

1,409 

2,087 

1,086 

764 

658 

685 

2,649 

1,233 

2,959 

694 

888 


324 

852 

366 

135 

1,027 

172 

293 

28 

43 

380 

1,045 

91 

1,094 

593 

29 

222 

202 

300 

155 

1,165 

48 

9 

114 

343 

118 

499 

21 

243 

2,118 

1,082 

46 

349 

93 

2,646 

113 

390 

110 

411 

289 

163 

661 

40 

208 

561 

695 

. 88 

24 

57 

512 

764 

1,761 

76 

95 


1,416 
141 
103 

80 
641 
847 
482 

57 
414 
201 
1,493 
1,211 
782 
828 

48 
489 

10 
1,763 
1,219 

74 

60 
386 
845 
424 
135 
480 
4 

14 
567 

68 
970 
932 

43 

312 

202 

1,076 

100 

72 
198 

99 
1,685 
120 
901 
625 
805 

53 

32 

236 

1,000 

220 

502 

66 
386 


10 


Alexander _ 








Anson 








Avery 




Beaufort . - 


72 


Bertie 




Bladen 




Rrunswick 






78 


Burke . - 


2 


Cabarrus - - 


5 


Caldwell --- -- 


12 


Camden - 








Caswell - 




Catawba - 


2 




2 






Chowan 




Clay - - 








Columbus 








Cumberland - -- 


7 








3 


Davidson - - _ _ - 


5 




15 


Duplin - 


3 




6 


Edgecombe - 


49 




301 


Franklin 


1 




39 


Gates 




Graham . -_ 




Granville 








Guilford 


39 


Halifax 




Harnett _- - - . - 


10 




4 


Henderson,. , - . - - 


2 


Hertford - . 




Hoke 




Hyde 




Iredell 


1 


Jackson _ 


4 


Johnston - 








Lee 





232 



Vote for Governor, 1912. 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR, 1912. 



Counties. 



Lenoir 

Lincoln ^.-- 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin.-.- 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery.. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank -- 

Pender 

Perquimans- - 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham-. 

Rowan 

Rutherford--. 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania- 
Tyrrell 

Union --. 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington--. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson- -- 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 



2g 
M B 



,666 

,324 

,056 

925 

,264 

,062 

110 

412 

,132 

,208 

922 

,990 

,672 

904 

,096 

703 

,011 

988 

686 

847 

,420 

676 

,828 

,357 

,103 

,997 

,839 

241 

,289 

774 

,742 

,168 

,006 

799 

640 

382 

,724 

,223 

,221 

,044 

509 

981 

,390 

,622 

,877 

774 

,150 



149,975 



s a 

CO o 



214 

67 
314 
842 
231 
886 
452 
177 
291 
464 
200 
211 

43 

55 
516 
108 

61 

21 
310 
811 
457 
621 
475 
116 
211 
■ 899 
808 
165 
176 
8 
600 
1,585 
2,529 
789 
310 
309 
114 
199 
593 

88 
471 
723 
131 
528 

65 
1,068 

50 



43,625 



111 "^ 






(Ih 



201 

1,015 

614 

900 

18 
189 
342 
717 
668 
410 
426 

69 

42 
444 
468 
279 
117 
234 

42 

62 

239 

5 

1,759 

85 

344 

453 

961 

1,423 

2,366 

48 
1,005 

48 
288 
246 
321 

43 
326 
151 
943 

22 

39 
455 
948 
2,332 
442 
426 
1,028 



49,930 



bO 
■ 03 

. o 

as 



30 



18 
39 



57 

27 



1 

21 

6 



19 

1 

10 



944 



Vote foe Congressmen, 1912. 



233 



VOTE FOR CONGRESS, 1912. 



FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 

























em 








bO 








Zt 






C3 


tJ 


« 


Counties. 


S 


Q 






K 


"3 






a 


£ 








C3 






•2. 


s 


Reaufort _ _ - . _ _ _ 


1,843 
325 
710 
614 
408 
654 
750 
838 








Chowan 




Currituck 




Dare 




Gates- 




Hertford 




Hyde- 




Martin-.. . 


1,270 


202 


Pasquotank 


1,006 




Perquimans 


698 




Pitt - 


2,459 
462 




Tyrrell 




Washington 


500 










Totals 


12,537 


202 









SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 







c 








is 






a 


2 






JS 


« 


t- 










Counties. 


M 


m 


c 

c 








o 






s 


O 




a 


O 


1-5 












O 


H 


< 


Bertie 


1,201 
1,734 


49 
58 




"PifltTpromh** . . 




Greene 


927 
2,224 
1,408 
1,304 


221 




Halifax .... - - 




Lenoir _- 


310 
3 




Northampton _ .- 




Warren 


840 
1,453 




2 


Wilson _ _ - 


341 








Totals — 


11,091 


982 










234 



Vote foe Congressmen, 1912. 



THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 



Counties. 




o 

.2 

fa 

a 


>> 

g 

a 

M 
5 

1-5 


Q 

0, 
1 


Carteret -. 


1,107 

1,821 

1,841 

632 

925 

687 

963 

1,284 

2,364 


336 
145 
983 
98 
487 
376 
256 
2,532 
829 




Craven _ _ _ _> 




Duplin 




Jones 




Onslow 




Pamlico. . 




Pender 




Sampson 


1 


Wayne -_._ _- - 








Totals.— 


11,624 


6,042 


1 







J. 



FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 

















3 




5 






Counties. 


(2 

-2 


.£3 
fa 


o 

1 

IB 


fa 






Edwa 


a 

o 

•-J 


fa' 


PQ 
X 


1-3 


Chatham.. . 


1,685 


159 








Franklin 


1,919 
2,981 


219 
2,102 








Johnston 


1 


1 




Nash 


1,904 


277 








Vance 


1,222 


65 








Wake 


4,195 


764 






1 










Totals 


13,906 


3,586 


1 


1 


1 



J 



Vote fob Congressmen, 1912. 



235 



FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 





d 










03 










s 




a 






■w 






t4 




^ 




£ 


C8 


Counties. 


CO 


b 


O 


« 






3 
o 




■d 


• 


^ 


^ 


o 


^ 




M 




o 






O 


o 


o 


Q 


AlamancG 


2,167 

825 

2,230 

3,108 


1,699 

212 

1,214 

2,957 


4 






7 


Durham 


5 
325 








Granville 


1,655 
3,918 
1,109 


482 

2,253 

949 






Guilford 


49 
1 






' 


Person 


882 
1,984 


797 
1,356 








54 




Stokes 


1,201 
1,996 


1,534 
2,542 


20 
11 












Totals 


21,075 


15,995 


469 


7 



SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 



Counties. 


1 
o 
O 

1 
a 
a 


a 
<p 

1 
< 

a 




Bladen 


1,179 
971 
2,051 
2,020 
1,516 




Brunswick... . . 


21 






Cumberland 






33 


New Hanover m^ 


2,058 117 


Robeson . . ^ . .. 


3,233 


10 






Totals - 


13,028 


181 







230 



Vote for Congressmen, 1912. 



SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 





GJ 












bt 


, 










C9 
PL, 


g 


g 




— : 














Counties. 


^ 


,-1 


a 


>> 


S 






a 
o 


^ 




o 




o 


Q 


O 


1 


^ 




tf 


a 


^ 


1-5 


>-> 


Anson 


1,496 

2,541 

831 


142 

2,596 
1,009 








Davidson 




Davie..- 








Hoke 


678 

888 

1,142 


29 
468 
825 








Lee 








Montgomery 

Moore 








1,222 


747 


1 


i 


* 


Randolph 

Richmond 


2,719 


2,184 








1,372 

792 
1,765 


139 

39 

265 








Scotland 








Union 








Wilkes 


1,640 

787 


2,768 
1,238 
























Totals 


17,873 


12,449 


1 


1 


1 



EIGHTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 




Alexander 
Alleghany 

Ashe 

Cabarrus - 
Caldwell._ 

Iredell 

Rowan 

Stanly 

Wateuga. _ 

Totals 



905 


957 


742 


395 


1,779 


1,567 


1,855 


1,8.54 


1,701 


1,383 


2,633 


1,518 


2,731 


1,821 


1,770 


1,519 


1,064 


1,064 



30 



17 



15,180 



12,078 



30 



17 



Vote for Congressmen, 1912. 



231 



NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 



Counties. 


Edwin Y. Webb. 


3 
Ph 

Q 


1 
< 

1-5 


"3 

a 

-a 
o 

►-5 


J3 

's 

o 

1-5 


Avery 

Burke 


469 
1,413 
2,153 
2,442 
2,423 
1,324 

942 
4,202 

532 
1,172 


20 

40 

323 

194 

496 

133 

689 

297 

30 

6 


550 

1,208 
1,644 
585 
516 
894 
687 
117 
609 
1,059 


34 


41 


Catawba 






Cleveland 






Gaston 






Lincoln 






Madison . 






Mecklenburg 






Mitchell 






Yancey . 












Totals 


17,072 


2,228 


7,869 


34 


41 



TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. 





c 










1-5 


c 










o 








M 


C3 


o 








.+i 






Counties. 


3 

o 




? 


a 




s 


.3 


m 


C3 




m 


-^ 


w 


0^ 


- 


s 


M 


1 






cS 

1-5 


« 


C3 

1-5 




Buncombe 


3,697 

960 

383 

430 

2,079 

1,014 

1,230 

1,043 

1,039 

659 

2,217 

803 

629 


2,573 

1,149 

390 

468 

1,177 

1,530 

1,024 

1,117 

915 

630 

1,594 

1,029 

641 


78 
2 




Chierokee.. . 




Clay 




Graham 






Haywood 


3 
1 
1 




Henderson _ 


2 


Jackson. 




McDowell 




Macon ... 






Polk 






Rutherford... _ 






Swain . 




Transylvania 






1 


Totals 


16,183 


14,237 


85 


2 







PART IX. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



1. Executive Officials. 

2. Justices of the Supreme Court. 

3. Members of Congress. 

4. Members of the General Assembly, 



EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS. 



LOCKE CRAIG, 

GOVERNOR. 

Locke Craig, Democrat, Governor of North Carolina, was born in 
Bertie County, N. C, August IG, 1860. Son of Andrew Murdoclv and 
Rebecca (Gilliam) Craig. Attended Horner's Military School, 1875- 
1870. A.B., cum laude University of North Carolina, 1880. Repre- 
sentetl the Philanthropic Society as one of Commencement orators. 
Attended the University Law School, 1882. Lawyer. County At- 
torney; Corporation Counsel for City of Asheville; District Elector, 
1892; Elector for State at Large, 1896; Representative in General 
Assembly. 1899 and 1900. Elected Governor in 1912. Mason ; Knight 
of Pythias ; Woodmen of the World ; Jr. O. U. A. M. Baptist. Mar- 
ried Miss Annie Burgin, November 18, 1891. Three children, all boys. 
Address: Official, Raleigh; home, Asheville, N. C. 



JOHN BRYAN GRIMES, 

SECRETARY OF STATE. 

J. Bryan Grimes, Democrat, of Pitt County, was born in Raleigh, 
N. C. June 3, 1868. Son of Bryan and Charlotte Emily (Bryan) 
Grimes. Educated at private schools ; Raleigh Male Academy ; Trin- 
ity School ( Chocowinity, N. C.) ; Lynch's High School (High Point, 
N. C.) ; University of North Carolina; Bryant & Stratton Business 
College (Baltimore, Md.). Planter. Member of State Farmers' Alli- 
ance. Member of North Carolina Agricultural Society. Member 
State Board of Agriculture, 1899-1900. Was elected Secretary of 
State in 1900, reelected in 1904. 1908, and 1912. Term expires 1916. 
Ex-President Tobacco Growers' Association of North Carolina. 
Chairman North Carolina Historical Commission. Member State 
Literary and Historical Association. President of the North Caro- 
lina Society of Sons of the Revolution. Member Executive Commit- 
tee. Trustees University of North Carolina ; member of the Farmers' 
Cooperative and Educational Union. Aide-de-camp on staff of Gov- 
ernor Elias Carr, with rank of Colonel. Fraternal orders: Masons, 
16 



242 BlOGEAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Kuights of Pythias, Jr. O. U. A. M. Episcopalian. Married, Novem- 
ber 14, 1894, Miss Mary Octavia Laugliiugliouse ; February 3, 1904, 
Miss Elizabetli Forest Laugliiugliouse. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



BENJAMIN RICE LACY, 

STATE TBEASXJKER. 

Benjamin R. Lacy, Democrat, of Wake Couuty, was born in Ra- 
leigh, N. C, June 19, 1854. Sou of Rev. Drury and Mary Richie 
(Rice) Lacy. Educated at Preparatory School of R. H. Graves (Gra- 
ham, N. C), 1SG8; Bingham School (Mebane, N. C), 1869-1870. Fif- 
teen years a locomotive engineer. Member of Brotherhood oC Loco- 
motive Engineers. Delegate to three Grand Conventions of B. of L. 
E. Alderman of City of Raleigh. State Commissioner of Labor and 
Printing for six years. Elected State Treasurer in 1900; reelected in 
1904, 1908, 1912. Term expires 1916. Mason, Odd Fellow, Jr. O. U. 
A. M. Presbyterian, deacon. Married, June 27, 1882, Miss Mary 
Burwell. Seven children : Address : Raleigh, N. C. 



WILLIAM PENN WOOD, 

STATE AUDITOB. 

William Penn Wood. Democrat, of Randolph Couuty, was born at 
Ashboro, N. C, May 2, 1843. Son of Penuel and Calista (Birkhead) 
Wood. Educated in common schools of Randolph County, 1S50-1S61. 
Merchant. Member Randolph Business Men's Club. Town Treasurer, 
1880-1888; County Treasurer, 1890-1S{>4. Represented Randolph and 
Moore counties in State Senate, 1901 ; Representative in General As- 
sembly from Randolph County, 1905, 1907. Nominated State Auditor 
in October, 1910, by the Democratic State Executive Committee, to 
fill vacancy caused by the death of Dr. B. F. Dixon, and was elected 
in the general election in November, 1910 ; reelected 1912. Term 
expires 1916. Sergeant in Confederate Army. Fraternal orders : 
Knights of Pythias, Mason. Royal Arch Mason, I. O. O. F., Jr. O. U. 
A. M. Methodist. Steward since 1860. Married, September 4. 1872, 
Miss Etta Gunter. Three children. Address : Raleigh, N. C. 



Executive Officials. 243 

JAMES YADKIN JOYNER, 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

James Yadkin Joyner, Democrat, of Guilford County, was born iu 
Davidson County, N. C, August 7, 1S62, and reared iu Lenoir County. 
Son of Jolin and Sallie A. (Wooten) Joyner. Educated at La Grange 
Academy; University of North Carolina, Ph. B., 1881; LL.D. (Uni- 
versity of North Carolina). Principal of La Grange Academy, 1881- 
1883 ; County Superintendent of Schools of Lenoir County, 1882-1883 ; 
teacher in graded schools at Winston. N. C, 1884-85 ; lawyer in Golds- 
boro, N. C, 1886-1889; Chairman of Wayne County Board of Educa- 
tion, 1887-1889; Superintendent of Goldsboro Graded Schools, 1889- 
1893 ; President North Carolina Teachers' Assembly ; member of the 
Rockefeller Sanitation Commission ; Professor of English Language 
and Literature at the State Normal and Industrial College of North 
Carolina, 1893-1902 ; Chairman of Sub-text-book Commission of North 
Carolina, 1901 ; appointed by Governor Aycock Superintendent of 
Public Instruction of North Carolina February, 1902, to fill unexpired 
term made vacant by the death of Gen. T. F. Toon ; elected at general 
election, November, 1902; reelected 1904. 1908, 1912. Term expires 
1916. Secretary of the Association of State Superintendents of the 
Southern States. 1903-1907 ; president, 1907-1912. President National 
Educational Association, 1910. Member of the Board of Aldermen of 
Greensboro, N. C, 1899-1902. Married at La Grange, December, 1887, 
Miss Effie E. Rouse. Two children. Baptist. Address : Raleigh, 
N. C. 



THOMAS WALTER BICKETT, 

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. 

Thomas W. Bickett, Democrat, of Franklin County, was born at 
Monroe, N. C, February 28, 1869. Son of T. W. and Mary A. (Cov- 
ington) Bickett. Educated at Wake Forest College, A.B., 1890. 
Studied law at University of North Carolina, 1892-1893. Lawyer. 
Representative iu General Assembly, 1907. In 1908, elected Attorney- 
General of North Carolina, and reelected in 1912. Term expires 1916. 
Mason. Episcopalian. Married Miss Fannie Yarborough, November 
29, 1898. One child. Home address : Louisburg, N. C. ; official 
address : Raleigh, N. C. 



244 BlOGBAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

WILLIAM ALEXANDER GRAHAM, 

COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE. 

William A. Graham, Democrat, of Lincoln County, was born De- 
cember 26. 1S39, at Hillsboro, N. C. Son of William A. and Snsan 
(Washington) Graham. Educated at private schools, 1.847-1848; 
Caldwell Institute (Hillsboro, N. C.) ; Union Academy (Washington, 
D. C.) ; University of North Carolina, 1856-1859; Princeton College, 
A. B., ISGO. Farmer. President North Carolina Farmers' Alliance 
two terms ; State Senator, 1S74-1875, 1879 ; Representative, 1905. 
Member of North Carolina Board of Agriculture, 1899-1908. Elected 
Commissioner of Agriculture in 1908, and reelected in 1912. Term 
expires 1910. Captain Co. K, 2d N. C. Cavalry, C. S. A. Major and 
Assistant Adjutant General of North Carolina State Troops. Baptist. 
Moderator of South Fork Association. Thirty years Chairman of 
Executive Committee. President Baptist State Convention. Author : 
Gen. Joseph Graham and His Revolutionary Papers ; History of South 
Fork Association; Life and Services of Gen. William L. Davidson; 
Battle of Ramsaur's Mill; History of Second Regiment North Caro- 
lina Cavalry, and North Carolina Adjutant General's Department 
(North Carolina Regiments, 1861-1865, Walter Clark. Editor). Mar- 
ried Miss Julia R. Lane, June 9, 1864. Eleven children. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 



MITCHELL LEE SHIPMAN, 

commissioner of laror and printing. 

M. L. Shipman, Democrat, of Henderson County, was born at Bow- 
man's Bluff, Henderson County, December 31, 1866. Son of F. M. and 
Martha A. (Dawson) Shipman. Educated in public schools and pri- 
vate high schools. Editor. Teacher. Superintendent Public Instruc- 
tion Transylvania County. 1892-1895. Twice First Vice President, 
twice Historian, and once President North Carolina Press Association. 
Member National Editorial Association. Chairman Henderson 
County Democratic Executive Committee. 1898-1906; Chairman Sena- 
torial and Congressional District committees; member State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee; Calendar Clerk. State Senate, 1899-1905; 
Assistant Commissioner of Labor and Printing, 1905-1908. Elected 
Commissioner of Labor and Printing, 1908-1912. Term expires 1916. 



Executive Officials. 245 

Second Vice President International Association of Labor Commis- 
sioners and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Fraternal Orders : 
Odd Fellows (Deputy Grand Master). Knights of Pythias (Past Chan- 
cellor), Royal Arcanum, Jr. O. U. A. M. Baptist; clerk of North 
Carolina Association, 1902. Married Miss Lula Osborne, of Brevard. 
July 12, 1896. Three children. Address : Raleigh, N. C. 



JAMES R. YOUNG, 

INSURANCE COMMISSIONER. 

James R. Young, Democrat, of Vance County, was born February 
13, 1853, in Granville Count.v, N. C. Son of Dr. P. W. and Jane Eliza 
(Cooper) Young. Educated at Horner's Military School (Oxford, N, 
C.) ; Hampden-Sidney College (Va.). Insurance agent. Clerk Vance 
County Superior Court, 18S1-1S90. State Insurance Commissioner 
since 1899. Fraternal orders : Masons, Elks. Odd Fellows. Presby- 
terian. Elder. Married Miss Virginia Nichols. Address : Raleigh, 
N. C. ■ 



• MILES OSBORNE SHERRILL, 

STATE LIBRARIAN. 

MiLES Osborne Sherrill, Democrat, of Catawba County, was born 
at Sherrill's Ford on the Catawba River in Catawba County, N. C, 
July 26, 1841. Son of Hiram and Sarah Sherrill. Was educated in 
the common schools, Rhehobeth Academy, 1859, and at Taylorsville, 
N. C, in 1860 and 1861. Volunteered in the Catawba Rifles, 1861. 
Was elected Judge of Probate and Clerk of the Superior Court of 
Catawba County in 1868 and served for fourteen years. Representa- 
tive In General Assembly 1882 and 1883, and State Senator 1885. 1893. 
Cashier in the Collector's office under Hon. C. Dowd, and also under 
Hon. Kerr Craige, during Cleveland's administrations. Servetl in the 
Confederate army from the beginning of the war until he lost a leg 
at Spottsylvania Court House, Va., May, 1864, and spent the remain- 
ing months of the war in prison. Past Grand Master of I. O. O. F. 
Methodist. ]Many times a delegate to annual conferences, also to 
General Conference. Married Miss Sarah R. Bost in May, 1867. 
Seven children. 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 



WALTER CLARK, 

CHIEF JUSTICE. 

Walter Clark, Democrat, of Wake County, was born in Halifax 
County, N. C, August 19, 1S4G. Sou of David and Anna M. (Thorne) 
Clark. Graduated from University of North Carolina, 1S64. Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, C. S. A. Admitted to the Bar, 1868. Judge of Supe- 
rior Court, 1SS5-1S89. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, 1889- 
1902. Chief Justice since January 1, 1903. Frequent contributor to 
periodical literature. Author: Clark's Annotated Code of Civil Pro- 
cedure. Translator from the French: Constant's Memoirs of Napo- 
leon (3 vols.). Editor: The State Records of North Carolina (16 
vols.) ; The North Carolina Regiments, 1861-186.5 (5 vols.) ; Reprints 
of North Carolina Supreme Court Reports, with annotations (132 
vols.). President North Carolina Literary and Historical Association ; 
Trustee of Trinity College. LL.D. (University of N. C). Methodist. 
Married Miss Susan W.. daughter of William A. Graham, January 28, 
1874. Address : Raleigh. N. C. 



PLATT DICKINSON WALKER, 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE. 

Platt D. Walker, Democrat, of Mecklenburg County, was born in 
Wilmington, N. C. Son of Thomas D. and Mary Vance (Dickinson) 
Walker. Educated at George W. Jewett's School, Wilmington, and 
James H. Horner's School, Oxford, N. C. ; University of North Caro- 
lina, Class of 1869. Finished collegiate course at University of Vir- 
ginia and studied law there under Prof. John B. Minor and Prof. 
Southall, receiving LL.B. diploma in 1869. Obtained his license to 
practice law at June Term, 1870, of Supreme Court ; admitted to the 
Bar of North Carolina and settled at Rockingham, 1870, and practiced 
law with the late Hon. Walter L. Steele, afterwards member of Con- 
gress. Representative from Richmond County in General Assembly 
of North Carolina, 1874-1875. Removed to Charlotte, 1876, and en- 
tered into partnership with the late Hon. Clement Dowd (afterwards 



Justices of Supreme Court. 247 

member of Congress) for the practice of the law, aud in November, 
ISSO, with Hon. Armistead Burwell, afterwards Justice of the Supreme 
Court, and in 1892 with E. T. Cansler, Esq. Has been Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina since January 1,, 1903. 
First President of the North Carolina Bar Association, 1S99. Trustee 
of the University of North Carolina. Director of the Highland Park 
Manufacturing Company of Charlotte. LL.D. (Davidson College, 
1903) and LL.D. (University of North Carolina. 1908). Episcopalian. 
Married Miss Nettie Settle Covington, June 5, 1878, at Reidsville, 
N, C. ; Miss Alma Locke Mordecai, June S, 1910. Residence, Char- 
lotte, N. C. Office, Raleigh, N. C. 



GEORGE H. BROWN, 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE. 

George H. Brown, Democrat, of Beaufort County, was born in 
Washington, N. C, May 3, 1850. Son of Sylvester T. and Elizabeth 
(Bonner) Brown. Educated at Horner's Military School (Oxford, 
N. C). Studied law and was admitted to the Bar, and engaged in 
the practice at Washington, N. C, from 1872 to 1889. Judge of the 
Superior Court of North Carolina, 1889-1904. Elected Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court 1904 ; reelected, 1912. Term expires, 1920. 
On December 17, 1874, was married to Mrs. Laura Ellison. Residence : 
Washington, N. C. Office : Raleigh, N. C. 



WILLIAM ALEXANDER HOKE, 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE. 

William A. Hoke, Democrat, of Lincoln County, was born at Lin- 
colnton, N. C, October 25, 1851. Son of Col. John Franklin and 
Catherine Wilson (Alexander) Hoke. Educated at private schools. 
Studied law under Chief Justice Richmond Pearson, at Richmond 
Hill, N. C. Admitted to Bar, 1872. Practiced law at Shelby and Lin- 
colnton, N. C, until 1891. Representative in Legislature of North 
Carolina in 1889. Judge of the Superior Court, 1891-1904. Elected 
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina 1904 ; 
reelected 1912. Term expires 1920. Member Society of the Cincin- 



248 Biographical Sketches. 

nati. Episcopalian. At Liiicolnton, December 16, 1897. married to 

Miss Mary McBee. Residence: Lincolnton, N. C. Office: Raleigli, 

N. C. 



WILLIAM REYNOLDS ALLEN, 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE. 

William Reynolds Allen, Democrat, of Wayne County, was born 
at Kenansville, North Carolina, Marcli 26, 1860. Son of William A. 
and Maria Goodwin (Hicks) Allen. Educated at R. W. Millard's and 
Samuel Clement's schools, Kenansville, 1868-1876, and at Trinity Col- 
lege, 1876-1877. Studied law under his father. Lawyer. Repre- 
sentative from Wayne County in General Assembly 1893, 1899, 1901. 
Chairman Board of Education Wayne County. Judge Superior Court, 
1894-1895; 1903-1911. Elected Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of North Carolina, 1910. Methodist. Has been member 
Board of Stewards and now Trustee Methodist Orphanage. Mar- 
ried, November 3, 1886, Miss Mattie M. Moore. Five children. Ad- 
dress : Goldsboro, N. C. 



MEMBERS OF CONGRESS. 



SENATORS. 



FURNIFOLD M. SIMMONS. 

F. M. Simmons. Democrat, of Ti-entou (R. F. D.), Jones County, 
was born January 20, 1854, in the county of Jones, X. C. Graduated 
at Trinity College witli the degree of A.B., in June, 1S73; was ad- 
mitted to the Bar in 1875, and has practiced the iirofession of law 
since then. In 1886 was elected a member of the Fiftieth Congress 
from the Second Congressional District of North Carolina. In 1893 
was appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for the Fourth Collec- 
tion District of North Carolina, and served in that office during the 
term of Mr. Cleveland. In the campaigns of 1892, 1898, 1900, 1902, 
1904, and 1906, was Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee 
of the State. Received the degree of LL.D. from Trinity College, N. 
C, June, 1901. He was elected to the United States Senate to succeed 
Marion Butler. Populist, for the term beginning March 4, r901. and 
reelectetl in 1907, and again in 1913, having been chosen in the Demo- 
cratic Primary, November 5, 1912, over two opponents. Governor 
W. W. Kitchin and Chief Justice Walter Clark. His term of service 
will expire March 3, 1919. 



LEE SLATER OVERMAN. 

Lee Slater Overman, Democrat, of Salisbury, was born January 
3, 1854, in Salisbury, Rowan County. Graduated Trinity College, 
North Carolina, with the degree of A.B., June, 1874; the degree of 
M.A. was conferred upon him two years later; taught school two 
years; was Private Secretary to Governor Z. B. Vance in 1877-1878. 
and Private Secretary to Governor Thomas J. Jarvis in 1879. Began 
the practice of law in his native town in 1880; has had a leading 
practice ; was five times a member of the Legislature, sessions of 1883, 
1885, 1887, 1893, and 1899 ; was the choice of the Democratic caucus 
for Speaker in 1887, and was defeated by one vote, through a combi- 
nation of Independents and Republicans: was the unanimous choice 
of his party and elected Speaker of the House of Representatives. 



250 Biographical Sketches. 

session of 1893 ; was President of the North Carolina Railroad Com- 
pany in 1894 ; was the choice of the Democratic caucus for United 
States Senator in 1895, and was defeated in open session by Hon. 
Jeter C. Pritchard, through a combination of Republicans and Popu- 
lists ; was chairman of Democratic State Convention, 1900, 1910 ; 
has been for ten years a member of the Board of Trustees of the 
State University ; is also a Trustee of Trinity College ; was chosen 
Presidential Elector for the State at large in 1900. Married Miss 
Mary P., the eldest daughter of United States Senator, afterwards 
Chief Justice, A. S. Merrimon, October 31, 1878. Was elected to the 
United States Senate to succeed Jeter C. Pritchard, Republican, for 
the term beginning March 4, 1903. His first term expired March 3. 
1909. The unanimous choice of the Democratic caucus, he was 
reelected January 19, 1909, for a second term. 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



JOHN HUMPHREY SMALL. 

(First District. — Counties: Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, 
Tyrrell and Washington — 14 counties.) 

John Humphrey Small, Democrat, of Beaufort County, was born 
in Washington, N. C. Educated in the schools of Washington, and at 
Trinity College, North Carolina. Is a lawyer in active practice. 
Left college in 1876 and taught school from 1876 to 1880. Licensed to 
practice law in January. ISSl. Elected Reading Clerk of the State 
Senate in ISSl. Elected Superintendent of Public Instruction of 
Beaufort County in the latter part of ISSl. Elected and continued 
to serve as Solicitor of the Inferior Court of Beaufort County from 
1882 to 1885. Proprietor and editor of the Washington Gazette from 
18S3 to 1886. Attorney of the Board of Commissioners of Beaufort 
County from 1888 to 1896. A member of the City Council from May, 
1887, to May, 1890, and for one year, during that period, was Mayor 
of Washington. Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee 
of the First Congressional District in 18SS. Chairman of the Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee of Beaufort County from 1SS9 to 1898. 



Members of Congkess. 251 

Democratic Presideutial Elector in the First Congressional District 
in 1S96. Has been for several years, and is now, Chairman of the 
Public School Committee of Washington. Elected to the Fifty-sixth, 
Fifty-seventh, Fifty-eighth, Fifty-ninth, Sixtieth, Sixty-first, Sixty- 
second, and Sixty-third Congresses. Address : Washington, N. C. 



CLAUDE KITCHIN. 

(Second District . — Counties : Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax, 
Lenoir, Northampton, Warren, and Wilson — S counties.) 

Claude Kitchin, Democrat, of Halifax County, was born in Hali- 
fax County, N. C, near Scotland Neck, March 24, 1SG9. Graduated 
from Wake Forest College, June, 18SS, and was married to Miss Kate 
Mills, November 13th of the same year. Admitted to the Bar Septem- 
ber, 1S90, and has since been engaged in the practice of tlie law at 
Scotland Neck. Elected to Fifty-seventh, Fifty-eighth, Fifty-ninth, 
Sixtieth, Sixty-first, Sixty-second, and Sixty-third Congresses. Ad- 
dress : Scotland Neck, N. C. 



JOHN MILLER FAISON. 

(Third District. — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, Ons- 
low, Pamlico, Pender, Sampson, and Wayne — 9 counties.) 

John Miller F41SON, Democrat, of Faison, was born near Faison, 
N. C, April 17, 1862 ; attended Faison Male Academy and lived on 
farm in early life; graduated in B.S. course at Davidson College, 
North Carolina, In 1883, and studied medicine at University of Vir- 
ginia and received M.D. diploma ; then attended post-graduate medical 
course at New York Polyclinic in 1885, and was licensed to practice 
medicine in North Carolina in 1885. and became a member of the 
North Carolina Medical Society ; has practiced medicine and surgery 
and farmed at Faison, N. C. since; has for many years taken an 
active interest in politics and other public questions ; has been a 
member of the County Democratic Executive Committee ; member of 
the North Carolina Jamestown Exposition Commission ; was married 
to Miss Eliza F. DeVane. of Clinton, N. C, in December, 1887, who, 
with their six children, is now living. Elected to the Sixty-second 
and Sixtj^-third Congresses. 



252 Biographical Sketches. 

EDWARD WILLIAM POU. 

(Fourth District. — Counties : Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, Nash, 
Vance, and Waive — G counties.) 

Edward William Pou, Democrat, of Johnston County, was born at 
Tuskegee. Ala., September 9, 1SG3. Presidential Elector in 18SS. 
Elected Solicitor of the Fourth Judicial District of North Carolina 
in 1890, 1894, and 1898. Elected to the Fifty-seventh, Fifty-eighth. 
Fifty-ninth, Sixtieth, Sixty-first, Sixty-second, and Sixty-third Con- 
gresses. Address : Smithfield, N. C, 



CHAPvLES MANLY STEDMAN. 

r ^ ^ 

(Fifth District. — Counties: Alamance, Caswell, Durham, Forsyth. 

Granville, Guilford,' Orange,' Person, "Rockingham, Stokes, ^urry^ll 

counties.) 

Charles Manly Stedman, Democrat, of Greensboro, was born Jan- 
uary 29, 1841, in Pittsboro, Chatham County ; moved with his father's 
family to Fayetteville when he was 12 years of age. Prepared for 
college at the Pittsboro Academy, and at the Donaldson Academy in 
Fayetteville. Graduatetl from the University of North Carolina in 
1861. In response to the call for volunteers, he left the University 
before the commencement exercises and volunteered as a private in 
the Fayetteville Indei^endent Light Infantry Company, which was in 
the first North Carolina (or Bethel) Regiment. Upon the disbanding 
of this regiment, he joined a company from Chatham County; was 
lieutenant, then captain, and afterwards its major. This company be- 
longed to the Forty-fourth North Carolina Regiment. He served 
with Lee's Army during the entire war ; was three times wounded, 
and surrendered at x\ppomattox. He is one of the twelve soldiers 
who were engaged in the battle at Bethel and who surrendered with 
Lee at Appomattox. At the close of the Civil War he returned to 
Chatham County, where he taught school for a year ; while there he 
studied law under Hon. John Manning and procured his license to 
practice. Married Miss Catherine de Rosset Wright, January 8, 1866, 
In 1867 he moved to Wilmington, where he practiced law for many 
years ; he was a member of the firm of Wright & Stedman. Delegate 
to the Democratic National Convention, 1880. Elected Lieutenant 
Governor, 1884. In 1S98 he moved to Greensboro and formed a 



Members of Congress. 253 

copartuership with A. Wayland Cooke, under the firm name of Sted- 
man & Cooke. Since residing in Greensboro he has served as presi- 
dent of the North Carolina Bar Association. In 1909 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Kitchin a director of the North Carolina Rail- 
road Company, representing the State's interest, and was afterwards 
elected its president. For many years he was trustee of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. He is a director of the Guilford Battle 
Ground Company; wa-s elected to the Sixty-second and Sixty-third 
Congresses. 



HANNIBAL LAFAYETTE GODWIN. 

(Sixth District. — Counties : Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, Cum- 
berland, Harnett, New Hanover, and Robeson — 7 counties.) 

Hannibal Lafayette Godwin, Democrat, of Harnett County, was 
born November 3, 1873, on a farm near Dunn, in Harnett County, 
N. C. Educated in the schools of Dunn and at Trinity College, Dur- 
ham, N. C. Read law at the University of North Carolina and was 
admitted to the Bar in September, 1S9G. Married Miss Mattie Barnes, 
December 23, 1896. INIember of the State Senate of the North Caro- 
lina Legislature in 1903. Elected in 1904 Democratic Presidential 
Elector for the Sixth Congressional District of North Carolina. Mem- 
ber of the State Democratic Executive Committee from 1904 to 1906. 
Electetl to the Sixtieth, Sixty-first, Sixty-second, and Sixty-third Con- 
gresses. Address : Dunn, N. C. 



ROBERT NEWTON PAGE. 

(Seventh District. — Counties: Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, 
Montgomery, Moore, Randolph, Richmond, Scotland. Union, Wilkes, 
and Yadkin — 13 counties.) 

Robert Newton Page, Democrat, of Montgomery County, was born 
at Cary, Wake County, N. C, October 26, 1859. Educated at Cary 
High School and Bingham Military School. Movetl to Moore County 
in 1880, and has been for more than twenty years actively engaged 
in the lumber business. Has been treasurer of the Aberdeen and 
Ashboro Railroad Company since 1890. Moved to Montgomery County 
in 1897. Elected from that county to the Legislature of 1901. Mar- 



254 Biographical Sketches. 

ried, in ISSS, to Miss Flora Shaw, of Moore Couuiy, and has four 
children. Elected to the Fifty-eighth, Fifty-ninth, Sixtieth, Sixty- 
first, Sixty-second, and Sixty-third Congresses. Address : Biscoe, 
N. C. 



ROBERT LEE DOUGHTON. 

(Eighth District. — Counties: Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Ca- 
barrus, Caldwell, Iredell, Rowan. Stanly, and Watauga — 9 counties.) 

Robert L. Doughton, Democrat, Laurel Springs, N. C, was born at 
Laurel Springs, X. C, November 7, 1SG3 ; was educated in the public 
schools and at Laurel Springs and Sparta High Schools; is a farmer 
and stock raiser ; was appointed a member of the Board of Agricul- 
ture in 1903; elected to the State Senate from the Thirty-fifth Dis- 
trict of North Carolina in 190S ; served as a director of the State 
Prison from 1909 to 1911 ; elected to the Sixty-second and Sixty-third 
Congresses. 

EDWIN YATES WEBB. 

(Xinth District. — Counties: Avery, Burke, Catawba. Cleveland, 
Gaston, Lincoln, Madison, Mecklenburg, Mitchell, and Yancey — 10 
counties.) 

Edwin Yates Webb, Democrat, of , Cleveland County, was born in 
Shelby, N. C, May 23, 1S72. Attended Shelby Military Institute; 
graduated at Wake Forest College, 1S93. Studied law at University 
of North Carolina. Received license from the Supreme Court to 
practice, in February, 1804. Took post-graduate c-ourse in law at 
University of Virginia, 1S9G. Began practice of law February, 1894, 
forming partnership with his brother, J. L. Webb, then Solicitor of 
the Twelfth Judicial District, which partnership existed until Decem- 
ber, 1904, when it was dissolved by the appointment of his brother 
to the Superior Court Judgeship. Elected State Senator in 1900. 
Temporary Chairman of the State Democratic Convention in 1900. 
Chairman of the Senatorial District in 1896. Chairman of the County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1898-1902. Married Miss Willie 
Simmons, daughter of Dr. W. G. Simmons, of Wake Forest, N. C, 
November 1.5, 1894. Elected to the Fifty-eighth, Fifty-ninth, Sixtieth, 
Sixty-first, Sixty-second, and Sixty-third Congresses. Address: 
Shelby, N. C. 



Membeks of Congress. 255 

JAMES M. GUDGER, Jr. 

(Tenth District. — Couuties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, 
Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, McDowell, Macon, Polk, Rutherford, 
Swain, Transylvania — 13 couuties.) 

James M. Gudger, Jr., Democrat, of Asheville, is a lawyer by pro- 
fession ; married Miss Katie M. Hawkins of Hendersonville; educated 
at Emory and Henry, Virginia ; elected to the State Senate in 1900 ; 
was Solicitor of the Fifteenth District; elected to the Fifty-eighth, 
Fifty-ninth, Sixty-second, and Sixty-third Congresses. 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 1913. 



OFFICERS OF THE SENATE. 



ELIJAH LONGSTREET DAUGHTRIDGE, 

PKESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

Elijah Long street Daughtridge, Lieutenant Governor of North 
Carolina, was born near Rocky Mount, N. C, January 17, 1863. Son 
of William M. and Dellali (Williford) Daughtridge. Attended Bing- 
ham School, 1881-1882. Farmer. President of Daughtridge Supply 
Company ; President Planters Oil and Fertilizer Company, and director 
in other companies. Alderman and Vice Recorder of Rocky Mount, 
1910-1911; County Commissioner, lS9S-i900; Member Legislature 
from Edgecombe County, 1901 and 1903; Member State Board of 
Agriculture and Board of Trustees A. and M. College, 1901 and 1902 ; 
President State Fair Association, 1906 and 1907; Member and Treas- 
urer of North Carolina Jamestown Commission, 1907 ; Treasurer 
Rocky Mount Road Commission, 1907-1913. Lieutenant and Captain 
in local military company, 1S96 and 1897. Methodist. Married Miss 
Mary W. Odom in 1883. Seven children, five sons and two daughters. 
Address : Rocky Mount, N. C. 



ROBERT OTTIS SELF, 

PRINCIPAL CLERK OF THE SENATE. 

Robert Ottis Self, Democrat, was born at Webster, N. C, July 2, 
1884. Son of Dr. William and Octavia (Cowan) Self. Educated at 
Cullowhee Normal and Industrial School, 1897-1902. Superintendent 
of Public Instruction of Jackson County, 1909-1911. Calendar Clerk 
of the State Senate, 1905. 1907, 1908 (special session), 1909. Principal 
Clerk of the Senate, 1911. Mason, Odd Fellow, K. of P. Baptist. 



SENATORS. 



DAVID COLLIN BARNES. 

(First District. — Counties: Camaen, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, 
Hertford, Pasquotank, Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

David Collin Barnes, Democrat, Senator from tlie First District, 
was born at Murfreesboro, N. C, November 26, 1875. Son of David 
Alexander and Bettie (Vauglian) Barnes. Educated at Murfreesboro 
schools and at Horner Military School ; University Law School, 1895- 
1896. Lawyer and banker. President Peoples Bank, Murfreesboro, 
since 1904. Representative in the General Assembly from Hertford 
County, 1909. State Senator, 1911. Fraternal order: Kappa Alpha 
(college fraternity). Master American George Lodge, No. 17, A. F. 
and A. M. Address : Murfreesboro, N. C. 



WILLIAM THOMAS WOODLEY. 

(First District. — Counties: Camden, Chowan. Currituck, Gates, 
Hertford, Pasquotank, Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

William Thomas Woodley, Democrat, Senator from the First Dis- 
trict, was born in Chowan County in 1873. Son of W. T. and Mary 
Isabella (Parker) Woodley. A.B. of Guilford College, 1894; A.B. of 
the University of North Carolina, 1S96. President of Debating So- 
ciety at Guilford College, and commencement orator at University of 
North Carolina. Farmer and real estate agent. Member House of 
Representatives, 1903. Modern Woodmen of America. Camp Lec- 
turer, 1912. Episcopalian. Taught school several years. Delegate to 
State Democratic Convention, 1912. Married Miss Margaret Pretlow 
in 1905. One son. Address : Tyner, N. C. 



HARRY W. STUBBS. 

(Second District. — Counties: Martin, Washington, Tyrrell, Dare, 
Beaufort, Hyde, Pamlico. Two Senators.) 

Harey W. Stubbs, Democrat. Senator from the Second District. 
Lawyer. State Senator, 1889, 1905, 1907, 1913. Representative, 1899, 
1901, 1903, 1909, 1911. Address : Williamston, N. C. 
17 



258 BioGRAPHiCAx, Sketches. 

GEORGE J. STUDDERT. 

(Second District. — Counties: Martin, Washington. Tyrrell, Dare, 
Beaufort, Hyde, Pamlico. Two Senators.) 

George J. Studdebt, Democrat, Senator from the Second District, 
was born in Clare County, Ireland, October 26, 1857. Son of Jonas 
and Margaret (Ayers) Studdert. Attended National schools of Ire- 
land. Farmer and life insurance solicitor. Mayor of Washington 
three terms, 1900-3. Deputy Sheriff in Edgecombe County for several 
years. Member of the Chamber of Commerce of Washington for 
several years. Justice of the Peace several years. Registrar of Sec- 
ond Ward, Washington, and judge of election for twenty years. 
Mason for more than twenty years. Protestant. Married Miss Lyda 
Carter, March, 1900. Six children, four boys and two girls. Address : 
Washington, N. C. 



CALVERT GOOSLEY PEEBLES. 

(Third District. — Counties: Northampton and Bertie. One Sen- 
ator. ) 

Calvebt Goosley Peebles, Democrat, Senator from the Third Dis- 
trict, was born at Jackson, N. C, September 13, 1870. Son of Wil- 
liam Wallace and Margaret Rebecca (Goosley) Peebles. Educated at 
Bingham School, 1884-5; Davis School, La Grange, N. C, 1886-89. 
B.L. of the University of North Carolina, 1890-91. Editor of the 
Hellenian, 1891. Lawyer. Mayor of Jackson, 1893 and 1894. Town 
Commissioner several years; member of Board of Education for 
Northampton County, 1901-2 ; member Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity, 
and member of Jr. O. U. A. M. Episcopalian ; Vestryman since 1892. 
Married Miss Julia Southall Bowen, June, 1908. Two sons. Ad- 
dress : Jackson. N. C. 



HENRY AUGUSTUS GILLIAM. 
(Fourth District. — Halifax and Edgecombe. Two Senators.) 

Henby Augustus Gilliam, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth 
District, was born in Edenton, N. C, September 7, 1870. Son of 
Henry Augustus and Hannah (Clements) Gilliam. Educated at 
Horner's Military School. 1881-1883; Tarboro Male Academy, 1883- 



State Senators. 259 

1SS6; University of North Carolina, 18S6-1889. Studied law at the 
University of North Carolina, 1891-92. Lawyer. Chairman Demo- 
cratic County Executive Committee, 1896. Member State Central Ex- 
ecutive Committee, 1900-1912. Representative from Edgecombe 
County, 1899. County Attorney for Edgecombe, 1908-12. Trustee of 
University of North Carolina, 1908-1913. Episcopalian. Address : 
Tarboro, N. C. 



WALTER EUGENE DANIEL. 

(Fourth District. — Counties : Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sen- 
ators. ) 

Walter Eugene Daniel, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth Dis- 
trict, was born at Weldon, N. C. August 14, 1859. Son of R. W. and 
Narcissa A. (Allen) Daniel. Received his academic education in the 
preparatory schools of Weldon. M.A. of Wake Forest College, 1878. 
Marshal, anniversary, 1876; first debater, Euzelian Society, anni- 
versary, 1877 ; orator, Euzelian Society, amiiversary, 1878 ; valedic- 
torian. Class of 1878. Attended law school of Judge George V. 
Strong, 1879-80. Admitted to bar, 1880. Attorney at law and banker. 
President of Bank of Weldon since August, 1892. Director Weldon 
Cotton Manufacturing Company since 1899 ; Director Shaw Cotton 
Mills since 1907. Solicitor Inferior Court of Halifax County, 1883-87 ; 
attorney for Board of Commissioners for Halifax County, 1890-94 ; 
Solicitor, Second Judicial District, 1894-1906, three terms ; member 
State Senate, 1907, and chairman of Judiciary Committee of that body. 
Baptist. Superintendent of Sunday-school ; deacon ; trustee of Wake 
Forest College. Married Miss Jeannette E. Snead, 1888. Eight chil- 
dren, six boys and two girls. Address : Weldon, N. C. 



WILLIAM FRANKLIN EVANS. 

(Fifth District.— County, Pitt. One Senator.) 

William Franklin Evans, Democrat, Senator from the Fifth Dis- 
trict, was born in Greenville, N. C, February 25, 1883. Son of W. F. 
and Anne M. (Sermons) Evans. Educated in the public schools of 
Greenville, 1889-1892 ; Goldsboro graded schools, 1892-1899. Attorney 



260 Biographical Sketches. 

at law. Member of Royal Arcanum, Odd Fellows; Grand Conductor 
of Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., 1908-9 ; now Grand Warden, I. O. O. F. 
Address delivered before Alumni Association, I. O. O. F., and pub- 
lished in the North Carolina Odd Fellow, 1912. Married Miss Eva 
Glenn Allen, March, 1904. Two sons. Address : Greenville, N. C. 



T. T. THORNE. 

(Sixth District. — Counties: Franklin, Nash, Wilson. Two Sen- 
ators.) 

T. T. Thorne, Democrat, Senator from the Sixth District, was 
born August % 1867. Son of T. T. and Mary D. Thorne. Educated at 
Whitaker's Academy, and Harvey's School, Petersburg, Va. Lawyer. 
Mayor of Rocky Mount for two years, and served on Board of Alder- 
men for twelve years ; member Board of Trustees of Rocky Mount 
Sunday-school Association. State Senator, 1907, 1911, 1913. Fra- 
ternal orders : Mason, Pythian, Jr. O. U. A. M. Formerly Junior 
Warden in Masonic Order. Has been through all chairs in Pythian 
and Jr. O. U. A. M. Methodist; trustee; steward. Married, in 
1892, Miss Louise C. Fountain. Three children. Address: Rocky 
Mount, N. C. 



THOMAS M. WASHINGTON. 

(Sixth District. — Counties : Franklin, Nash, Wilson. Two Sen- 
ators. ) 

Thomas M. Washington, Democrat, Senator from the Sixth Dis- 
trict, was born in Granville County, N. C, April 16, 1862. Son of M. 
C. and Nancy (Jones) Washington. Received his academic education 
from local schools in his home town, 1874 ; Knap of Reeds Academy, 
1875-76; Caldwell Institute. Farmer. Vice president Farmers Cot- 
ton Oil Company. President Wilson Ice and Fuel Company. Presi- 
dent Wilson Live-stock Company. Register of Deeds of Granville 
County, 1884-86. Member House of Representatives, 1907. Delegate 
National Convention at Denver, 1908. Captain Wilson Military Com- 
pany. Odd Fellow, Elk, Mason. Married Miss Nettie E. Ellis, July 
4, 1901. Address : Wilson, N. C. 



State Senators. 261 

MARION LESLIE DAVIS. 

(Seventh District. — Counties : Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Le- 
noir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Maeion Leslie Davis, Democrat, Senator from the Seventti District, 
was born at Beaufort, N. C, August 9, 1S79. Son of John D. and 
Narcissa Elizabeth (Webb) Davis. Educated at Beaufort High 
School; Wake Forest College, A.B., 1905. President Y. M. C. A., ■ 
1904 ; senior speaker, 1905 ; commencement orator, 1905 ; College Glee 
Club, 1903-1906; orchestra, 1904-190G ; senior critic, Phi. Society. 
1904-1905 ; assistant keeper of rolls, 1903-1905 ; assistant. History De- 
partment, 1905-1906 ; member Philomathesian Society ; chief marshal 
(Phi. Society), anniversary, 1904. LL.B. Wake Forest, 1906. 
Licensed attorney August 27, 1906. Lawyer. Alderman of Beaufort, 
1901-1903; City Clerk, 1903; Town Attorney, 1907-1909; County At- 
torney, 1907-1910. County Attorney, 1912, and reelected for next two 
years. Trustee Beaufort Graded Schools and secretary of same from 
organization in 1909 until day before election, 1910. Representative 
in General Assembly from Carteret County, 1907; State Senator, 
1911, and reelected Session 1913 by 6,713 majority, Fraternal orders : 
Mason, Master Franklin Lodge, No. 109 ; I. O. O. F. ; Grand Guardian, 
N. C. Grand Lodge, 1910-1911 ; Sui^ervisor, Fifth District, since May, 
1910 ; Woodman of the World ; member Committee on Law, Supreme 
Knights of Harmony. Baptist. Deacon since 1901 ; clerk ; chairman 
Board of Trustees; superintendent Sunday-school for eight years; 
teacher Baraca Class since 1906 ; vice moderator, Neuse-Atlantic As- 
sociation, 1908-1909 ; moderator of same since November, 1909. Presi- 
dent Wake Forest College Alumni Association, 1910-11. Member 
Third Judicial Executive Committee, 1908-10, and 1912, and secretary 
of same, 1908-1910. Address : Beaufort, N. C. 



ALFRED DECATUR WARD. 

(Seventh District. — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir, Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Alfked Decatur Ward, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh Dis- 
trict, was born near Rose Hill, Duplin County, N. C, December 25, 



262 BlOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

1859. Son of William Robinson and Keziah Jane (Johnson) Ward. 
Educated at Wallace High School, 1874-1877; Rockfish Academy, 
ISSO-lSSl; and University of North Carolina, Ph.B., 1885; Univer- 
sity Law School, 1886. Attorney at law. Member and vice presi- 
dent North Carolina Bar Association. Delegate to American Bar 
Association. Mayor of Kenansville, 1888-92 ; member House of Rep- 
resentatives, 1893. Chairman Craven County Board of Education, 
1899-1903. Chairman of Board of Trustees Chowan County Farm- 
life School, 1912. President local University Alumni Association at 
New Bern, 1911-12. Member Royal Arcanum. Baptist; deacon; 
first vice president Baptist State Convention, 1907 ; president Board of 
Trustees Wake Forest College. 1907-9. Married Miss Carolina A'ir- 
ginia Farrior. October 22, 1899. Two sons and two daughters. Ad- 
dress : New Bern. N. C, 



J. T. HOOKS. 
(Eighth District.— County : Wayne. One Senator.) 

J. T. Hooks, Democrat, Senator from the Eighth District. Ad- 
dress: Fremont, N. C. 



EDMUND ALEXANDER HA WES, Je. 
(Ninth District. — Counties: Duplin and Pender. One Senator.) 
Edmund A. Hawes. Jr., Democrat, of Pender County, was born at 
Atkinson. N. C, December 8, 1880. Son of Edmund A. and Virginia 
E. (Russ) Hawes. Educated at Whitsett Institute, 1897-1899; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, A.B., 1903. Merchant. President Pen- 
der Telephone Company. Director of Bank of Atkinson. Cotton 
buyer. Representative from Pender County in General Assembly, 
1905. State Senator from Tenth District. 1909. Renominated for 
Senate in 1912 without opposition. Episcopalian. Delivered the 
oration on occasion of erection of monument in memory of the 
women of the Revolution at Moore's Creek Bridge, August 17, 1907. 
Address : Atkinson, N. C. 



State Senatoks. 263 

MARSDEN BELLAMY. 

(Tenth District. — Counties: Brunswick and New Hanover. One 
Senator. ) 

Marsden Bellami', Democrat, Senator from the Tenth District, 
was born at Wilmington, N. C, December 4, 1878. Son of Marsden 
and Harriet (Harllee) Bellamy. Received his academic education 
in the Cape Fear Academy, Wilmington, N. C, up to 1894. Attended 
Horner's Military School, Oxford, N. C, 1894-95. Graduated, magna 
cum laade, from the University of North Carolina in 1899 with the 
degree of A.B. Editor in chief of The Tar Heel Studied law at 
University Summer School during summer of 1900. Attorney at law. 
City Attorney of Wilmington, 1905-9 ; County Attorney, 1909 to 1913 ; 
chairman of Democratic Executive Committee of New Hanover 
County, 1910-12. Mason, Jr. O. U. A. M., Red Man, B. P. O. E. 
Presbyterian. Married Miss Sue Clark, November, 1906. Two chil- 
dren, one son and one daughter. Address : Wilmington, N. C. 



LESLIE BALLARD EVANS. 

(Eleventh District. — Counties : Bladen and Brunswick. One Sen- 
ator.) 

Leslie Baixard Evans, Democrat, Senator from the Eleventh Dis- 
trict, was born at Fayetteville, N. C, February 25, 1869. Son of Jona- 
than and Douglas (Wright) Evans. Educated in private schools of 
Prof, J. E. Kelly, Moore County, and Prof. Quakenbush, Laurinburg, 
N. C. A.B. of the University of North Carolina, 1896. M.D. of the 
College of Medicine, Richmond, Va., 1900. Physician. President 
Bank of Bladen. Address : Clarkton, N. C. 



GEORGE B. McLEOD. 

(Ttoelfth District. — County: Robeson. One Senator.) 

George B. McLeod, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth District. 
Address : Lumberton, N. C. 



264 Biographical Sketches. 

Q. K. XIMOCKS. 

(Thirteenth District. — Counties : Cumberland and Hoke. One 
Senator. ) 

Q. K. NiMOCKS, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth District. 
Lawyer. State Senator, 1909. Address: Fayetteville, N. C. 



GEORGE LANGDON PETERSON. 

(Fourteenth District. — Counties: Harnett, Johnston, Lee, Samp- 
son. Two Senators.) 

George Langdois* Peterson, Democrat. Senator from the Fourteenth 
District, was born March 7, 1877. Son of J. Franlilin and Mary Eliza- 
beth (Purvis) Peterson. Educated in the public schools of Clinton. 
Received his college education at North Carolina A. and M. College, 
1893-1895. Received essayist medal. Pullen Literary Society. 1895. 
Merchant. Secretary of Clinton Merchants' Association. Alderman 
of Clinton, 1898 and 1912. Enlisted private Sampson Light Infantiy ; 
served as sergeant, captain, and paymaster general N. C. N. G., rank 
of colonel, 1904-1908. Mason, 1898, and has held all offices, includ- 
ing Worshipful Master, served as secretary ten years. Member of 
Knights of Pythias and Woodmen of the World. Delivered an ad- 
dress in 1912 on the History of the W. O. W. in North Carolina. 
Married Miss Nettie Chesnutt. Two daughters. Address: Clinton, 
N. C. 

O. A. BARBOUR. 

(Fourteenth District. — Counties: Harnett, Johnston, Lee, Samp- 
son. Two Senators.) 

O. A. Barbour, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth District. 
State Senator, 1911. Address: Benson. N. C. 



JAMES CRAWFORD LITTLE. 

(Fifteenth District. — County: Wake. One Senator.) 
James Crawford Little, Democrat, Senator from the Fifteenth 
District, was born in Union County, K C, October 22, 1877. Son of 



State Senatoes. 265 

George M. and Serena K. (Brooks) Little. Received his academic 
education at Union Institute, 1891-2 ; Marsliall Academy, 1894-5 ; 
Bingham School at Asheville, 1896-7 ; graduated at Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1002. One of the three debaters representing Wake Forest in 
annual debate against Trinity at Raleigh, 1901. Studied law at Wake 
Forest Law School. Lawyer. Member of North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation and American Bar Association. Member of Senate in the 
first Legislature of Oklahoma, 1907-8. Mason. William Hill Lodge, 
Raleigh, N. C. Married Miss Alena Marsh, January 3, 1912. Ad- 
dress: Raleigh, N. C. 



JAMES HARVEY BRIDGERS. 

(Sixteenth District. — Counties: Vance and Warren. One Sena- 
tor.) 

James Harvey Bridgees, Democrat, Senator from the Sixteenth 
District, was born in Northampton County, N. C. Son of Junius A. 
and Carolina V. (Stephenson) Bridgers. Educated at Seaboard 
Academy, 1878-1882, and Wake Forest College, 1882-1883. Studied 
law at the University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Member Na- 
tional Electric Light Association, New England Watei'works Associa- 
tion, North Carolina Bar Association. Mayor of Henderson, 1892- 
1893. First lieutenant. North Carolina National Guard. A. F. and 
A. M. Methodist ; steward, district steward ; treasurer Joint Board 
of Finance, North Carolina Conference. Married Miss Tucker Mas- 
senburg in 1898. Address : Henderson, N. C. 



JAMES ANDERSON LONG. 

(Seventeenth District. — Counties: Person and Granville. One. 
Senator. ) 

James A. Long, Democrat, of Person County, was born in Person 
County, May 23, 1841. Son of RatlifC and Mary (Walters) Long. 
Educated in the common schools. Farmer. President of the Peoples 
Bank of Roxboro. President Roxboro Cotton Mills (two mills). 
Owner Loch Lily Roller Flour and Grist Mills, Sawmills and Plan- 
ing Mills. Member House of Representatives from Person County, 



266 Biographical Sketches. 

18S5; State Senator, 1S89, 1901, 1005, and 1909. In the Civil War, 
was first sergeant Company H, 24th N. C. Regiment, C. S'. A. Major 
on the staff of Gen. Julian S. Carr, United Confederate Veterans. 
Appointe<l by Governor Kitchin a member of the State Building Com- 
mission to supervise the erection of the State Administration Build- 
ing provided for by the Legislature of 1911. Selected by Col. Ashley 
Home as a member of the committee to supervise the erection of 
the monument to the North Carolina Women of the Confederacy, 
presented by Colonel Home to the State, to be erected in Capitol 
Square, Raleigh. Methodist. Trustee of Trinity College. Chair- 
man Board of Trustees Greensboro Female College. Trustee Meth- 
odist Orphanage. Married, 1882, Miss Laura R. Thompson. Three 
children. Address : Roxboro, N. C. 



JOHN L. SCOTT, Jr. 

(Eighteenth District. — Counties: Alamance, Caswell, Durham, Or- 
ange. Two Senators.) 

John L. Scott, Jr., Democrat, of Alamance County, was born at 
Graham, N. C. Son of James S. and Margax-et Elizabeth (Donnell) 
Scott. Educated at Graham High School, 1870-1875 ; Horner and 
Graves Academy (Hillsboro, N. C). 1875-1877; Davidson College, 
A.B., 1881. Commencement marshal, representative speaker at com- 
mencement. President Phi. Society. Cotton manufacturer. Pi*esi- 
dent National Bank of Alamance. Graham. Director State Deaf and 
Dumb School, Morganton. Trustee Davidson College, 1892-1907. 
President Graham Country Club. State Senator from Nineteenth 
District, 1909. Fraternal orders: A. F. and A. M., K. of P.. G. C, 
1902-1903; Supreme representative, 1908-1915. Presbyterian Elder. 
IVIarried, January 9, 1884, Miss Famiie L. Brady. Six children. 
Address : Graham, N. C. 



VICTOR S. BRYANT. 

(Eighteenth District. — Counties : Caswell, Alamance, Orange, Dur- 
ham.. Two Senators.) 

Victor S. Bryant, Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth Dis- 
trict. Lawyer. Address : Durham, N. C. 



State Senators. 267 

ALLAN DENNY IVIE. 
(Nineteenth District. — County: Rockingham. One Senator.) 

Allan Denny Ivie, Democrat, Senator from the Nineteenth Dis- 
trict, was born in Patrick County, Va., May 3, 1873. Son of William 
Sterling and Sallie (Scales) Ivie. Educated at Oak Ridge Institute, 
1S96-189S, and at the University of North Carolina. President of 
Y. M. C. A. ; chosen by Di. Society as orator on Washington's birth- 
day celebration. 1902. President of Law Class, University of North 
Carolina, 1902. Lawyer and farmer. Methodist. Steward. Fra- 
ternal orders: Jr. O. U. A. M., K. of P. A member of the North 
Carolina Senate, 1911. Married Miss Annie McKinney, October 11, 
1905. Three sons. Address : Leaksville, N. C. 



FRANKLIN P. HOBGOOD, Jb. 
(Twentieth District. — County: Guilford. One Senator.) 

Franklin P. Hobgood, Jr., Democrat, was born in Granville 
County. December 17, 1872. Son of Franklin P. and Mary Anne 
Royal Hobgood. Educated at Horner Military School ; Wake Forest 
College, A.B.. 1893; valedictorian; George Washington University, 
LL.B., 1898. Lawyer. Senator from Guilford County in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1911. Junior Grand Warden, Grand Lodge of 
North Carolina. A. F. and A. M. Baptist. Married October 9, 1907, 
Miss Lucy McGee Glenn. Address: Greensboro, N. C. 



WALTER LEAK PARSONS. 

(T'loenty-first District. — Counties: Chatham, Moore, Richmond, 
Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Walter Leak Parsons, Democrat, Senator from Twenty-first Dis- 
trict, was born at Camden, S. C, December 15, 1858. Son of Hilliard 
Crawford and Frances Cornelia Leak. Received his academic educa- 
tion at the school of Rev. J. E. Morrison in Anson County, 1870-72. 
Received his collegiate education at Woflford College, Spartanburg, 



2G8 Biographical Sketches. 

S. C, 1873-76. Received first debater's prize ever given at this 
college. Banker. Was licensed to practice law in 1881. Instru- 
mental in organizing Bank of Pee Dee, of which he was cashier until 
1907; since that time l\e has been its president. Member of the 
Academy of Political Science of New York City. Member of the 
National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C. Member House of 
Representatives, 1887, .1907. Was permanent chairman State Demo- 
cratic Convention at Charlotte in 1908. Appointed by Governor 
Kitchin as member of committee to erect State Administration Build- 
ing at Raleigh, 1911. Methodist. Married Miss Mary Wall Leak in 
1SS2. Seven children, three boys and four girls. Address: Rock- 
ingham, N. C. 



HECTOR McLEAN. 

(Ttcenty-first District. — Counties: Chatham, Moore, Richmond, 
Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Hector McLean, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-first Dis- 
trict. Representative from Richmond County, 1899; from Scotland 
County, 1901. State Senator, 1905. Address: Laurinburg, N. C. 



WILLIAM HENRY WATKINS. 

(Twenty-second District. — Counties: Montgomery and Randolph. 
One Senator.) 

William Henry Watkins, Democrat, Senator from Twenty-second 
District, was born at Norwood, Stanly County, N. C, January 5, 
1839. Son of Culpepper and Ann Marshall (Tomliuson) Watkins. 
Attended Jonesville High School, 1858-59. Cotton manufacturer. 
Sheriff of Montgomery County, 1874-78. State Senator. 1905. Mem- 
ber Board of Education of Randolph County, 1897-99. In Civil War 
from beginning to end. Army of Northern Virginia. Mason. Meth- 
odist. Married Miss Louisa Eunice Smitherman, March 17, 1868. 
Five children, three sons and two daughters. Address: Ramseur, 
N. C. 



State Senators. 269 

WADE HAMPTON PHILLIPS. 

(Ticentij-third District. — Countiies: Anson, Davidson, Stanly, 
Union. Two Senators. ) . 

Wade Hampton Phillips, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
third District, was born at Yadliin College, N. C, July 7, 1879. Son 
of H. T. and Linuie ( Bobbins ) Phillips. Received his academic edu- 
cation at Yadkin College, N. C, 1889-90. B.S. of Erskine College, 
Due West, S. C, 1900. Law School of the University of North Car- 
olina, summer of 1904. Lawyei*. Chairman Davidson County Dem- 
ocratic Committee, 1906-1910. Deputy Superior Court Clerk. Da- 
vidson County, 1900-4. Captain Lexington Rifles, Company A, Third 
Infantry, North Carolina National Guard. Married Miss Ora Huck- 
abee. Address : Lexington, N. C. 



ROBERT EUGENE LITTLE. 

(Ttcenty-tliird District.— CownXXe^ : Anson, Davidson, Stanly, 
Union. Two Senators.) 

Robert Eugene Little, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-third 
District, was born at Ansonville, N. C, November 21, 1852. Son of 
William and Sarah (Ledbetter) Little. Received academic educa- 
tion in public schools. A.B. of Davidson College, 1873. B.L. of 
Columbia College Law School, 1S79. Chief Justice Pearson's Law 
School, 1877. Director First National Bank of Wadesboro since 
1895 and vice president since 1902. Counsel for the Board of County 
Commissioners, 1S95-190S. Chairman Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee of Anson County, 1891-99. Member of State Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee, 1888. Delegate to the Democratic National Con- 
vention, 1888. State Senator, 1889, 1893. Address : Wadesboro, N. C. 



HENRY NEAL PHARR. 

(Twentij-fonrth District. — Counties: Cabarrus and Mecklenburg. 
Two Senators.) 

Henry N. Pharb, Democrat, of Mecklenburg County, was born 
October 26, 1865, at Statesville, N. C. Son of Walter W. and Emily 
S. (Neal) Pharr. Educated in schools of Mecklenburg County; Da- 



270 Biographical Sketches. 

vidson College. A.B., 1887. Studied law at University of Xorth Car- 
olina, 1889. Lawyer. State Senator from Twenty-fifth District, 
1903, 1907, 1909, 1911. Presbyterian. INIarried Miss Bettie Yates, 
1896. Widower since 1899. One child. Address : Charlotte, N: C. 



JAMES P. COOK. 

(Ticenty-fourth District. — Counties: Cabarrus and Mecklenburg. 
Tv\'o Senators.) 

James P. Cook, Democrat, Senator from the T^;^'enty-fourth Dis- 
trict, was born at Mount Pleasant, N. C, January 12, 1863. Son of 
Matthew and Mary (Costner) Cook. Received his academic educa- 
tion from private teachers. A.B. of North Carolina College, Luth- 
eran Synod's institution, 1885 ; and A.M., 1888. Editor. President 
of the first State organization of County Superintendents, 1889. 
Received premium at State Fair Association for the l>est county 
sketch. 1890. Established aud conducte<I the first daily paper in 
Concord. N. C. Appointed by Governor Glenn. 1907. member Board 
of Trustees Stonewall Jackson Training School, and by them made 
chairman. Secretaiy of Concoi'd Chamber of Commerce. 1888-9. 
Elected County Superintendent of Schools of Cabarrus, 1886, and 
served until 1900 ; since then chairman of County Board of Education. 
Member of North Carolina Press Association. State and National 
Building and Loan Associations. Member of State Democratic Exec- 
utive Committee, Congressional Democratic Executive Committee, and 
chairman of the Cabarrus County Democratic Executive Committee. 
Lutheran ; deacon. Delivered the following addresses : "Uplift Work," 
before the State Convention of King's Daughters, at Rockingham, 
N. C, 1910; "The State." annual oration before Press Association at 
Lenoir, 1911 ; "Small Things in Action," National Building and Loan 
Association, Atlantic City. N. J., 1912. Married Miss Margaret J. 
Norfleet, October, 1892. Address: Concord, N. C. 



THOMAS D. BROWN. 

(Twenty-fifth District. — County: Rowan. One Senator.) 
Thomas D. Beown, Democrat. Senator from the Twenty-fifth Dis- 
trict. Address : Salisbury. N. C. R. F. D. 



State Sejstatoes, 271 

ERASTUS' B. JONES. 

(Twenty-sixth District. — County: Forsyth. One Senator.) 
Erastus B. Jones, Democrat. Senator from the Twenty-sixth Dis- 
trict. Lawyer. State Senator, 1893. Judge Superior Court, 1903- 
1909. Address: Winston-Salem, N. C. 



JOHN W. HALL. 

(Twenty-seventh District. — Counties : Stokes and Stirry. One 
Senator.) 

John W. Hall, Republican, Senator from the Twenty-seventh Dis- 
trict, was born in Yadliin County, near East Bend, N. C, July 24, 
1880. Son of James H. and Carrie E. (Hamer) Hall. Educated at 
Pinnacle High School. 1893-98; Yadkin Valley Institute, 1897-1902; 
Wake Forest College, 1895-1897. Attorney at law. Baptist. Married 
Miss Sarah Blanche Pepiier, February, 1911. Address: Danbury, 
N. C. 



A. T. GRANT. 

(Twenty-eighth District. — Counties: Davie, Wilkes, Yadkin. One 
Senator. ) 

A. T. Grant, Republican, Senator from the T^^euty-eighth District. 
Studied law at University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Representa- 
tive from Davie County, 1903, 1905, 1907, 1909. Address: Mocks- 
ville. N. C. 



A. D. WATTS. 
(Ticenty-ninth District. — County: Iredell. One Senator.) 

A. D. Watts, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-ninth District, 
was born in Iredell County, N. C, March 12, 1867. Son of Thomas A. 
and Margaret (Morrison) Watts. Educated in the public schools of 
Iredell County, Bingham Military School, and Davidson College. 
Politician. Member House of Representatives, 1901 and 1903. Mem- 



272 Biographical Sketches. 

ber of Democratic State Committee since 189G. Delegate to Demo- 
cratic National Convention at Kansas City, 1900. Clerk to Senator 
Simmons, 1901-1912. Mason, Address: Statesville, N. C. 



WILLIAM B. COUNCIL. 

(Thirtieth District. — Counties: Catawba and Lincoln. One Sena- 
tor.) 

William B. Council, Democrat, Senator from the Thirtieth Dis- 
trict. Lawyer. Representative from Watauga County, 1899. Judge 
of Superior Court, 1900-1910. Address : Hickory, N. C. 



OSCAR F. MASON. 
(Thirty-first District. — County: Gaston. One Senator.) 

Oscar F. Mason, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-first District, 
was born at Dallas, Gaston County, N. C, July 8, 1865. Son of Law- 
son A. and Catherine (Lineberger) Mason. Educated in the public 
schools and at Dallas High School. Attended Col. George N. Folk's 
Law School at Yadkin Valley. Lawyer. Admitted to the bar in 
1888. Member of North Carolina Bar Association ; one of its vice 
presidents several times ; served on various committees. Representa- 
tive in General Assembly, 1901 ; State Senator, 1899, 1905, and 1907. 
Member Ancient Free and Accepted Masons ; master of Gaston Lodge, 
No. 26.3, several times. Lutheran. Married Miss Fannie Durham, 
June 24, 1890. Ten children, four sons and six daughters. Address : 
Gastonia, N. C. 

THOMAS B. ALLEN. 

(Thirty-second, District. — Counties : Cleveland, Henderson, Polk, 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Thomas B. Allen, Democrat, Senator from Thirty-second District, 
was born at Mills River, N. C, December 8, 1864. Son of R. I. and 
Mary I. (Carson) Allen. Educated at Mills River Academy. Farmer. 
Presbyterian. Married Miss Ella Jones, February, 1891. Nine chil- 
dren, two sons and seven daughters. Address : Hendersonville, N. C. 



State Senators. 273 

JAMES M. CARSON. 

(Thirty-second District. — Counties: Cleveland, Henderson, Polk, 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

James M. Cakson, Democrat, Senator Thirty-second District. Edu- 
cated at University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Address : Ruther- 
fordton, N. C. 



LAWRENCE WAKEFIELD. 

(Thirty-third District. — Counties: Alexander, Burke, Caldwell, 
McDowell. Two Senators.) 

Lawrence Wakefield, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-third 
District, was born in Lenoir, N. C, November 7, 1854. Son of Robert 
R. and Louisa R. (Ballew) Wakefield. Attended Davenport Col- 
lege, 1864-1866; Finly High School, 1868-1872. Studied at Colonel 
Folk's Law School, 1880-81. Lawyer. Mayor of Lenoir, 1892-3. Ad- 
dress : Lenoir, N. C. 



ABNER CLINTON PAYNE. 

(Thirty-third District. — Counties: Alexander, Burke. Caldwell, 
INIcDowell. Two Senators.) 

Abneb Clinton Payne, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-third 
District, was born in Caldwell County, N. C, August 7, 187]. Son 
of Waller L. and Mary Elizabeth (Downs) Payne. Educated at 
Taylorsville Collegiate Institute, 1893-96. Studied law at Trinity 
College Law School, 1909-11. Attorney at law. Secretary and treas- 
urer of the Taylorsville Cotton Mill Company, 1907-1909. Mayor of 
Taylorsville, 1901-1905 ; Alderman and Treasurer, 1905-1909. Elected 
Mayor in May, 1909; resigned in May, 1909. Mason, Worshipful 
Master, 1909-1910, 1911-1913. Jr. O. U. A. M., Corresponding Secre- 
tary, 1897-1900 ; Councilor, 1900-1901. Odd Fellow. Woodman of the 
World. Married Miss Grace Sloan, August, 1898. Two children, one 
son and one daughter. Address: Taylorsville, N. C. 
18 



274 Biographical Sketches. 

E. S. COFFEY. 

(Thirty-Fourth District. — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe, Watauga. 
One Senator.) 

E. S. Coffey, Democrat, Senator from Thirtj'-fourth District. Ad- 
dress: Boone, N. C. 

CHARLES B. MASHBURN. 

(TJiirty-fifth District. — Counties: Avery, Madison, Mitchell, Yan- 
cey. One Senator.) 

Charles B. Mashburn, Republican, Senator from the Thirty-fifth 
District, was born in McDowell County. Son of Charles and Jane 
(Finley) Mashburn. Educated in the public schools, at Burnsville 
Academy, and at Mars Hill College. Lawyer. Representative from 
Madison County, 1893. Mayor of Marshall three years. Republican 
nominee for Solicitor of the Twelfth Judicial District in 1898, and 
Republican nominee for Judge of the Superior Court of the Fif- 
teenth Judicial Disti'ict, 1902. In 1910 was nominated for Solicitor 
of the Fifteenth Judicial District. Delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention at Chicago, 1904. Baptist. Trustee of Mars Hill 
College. Address: Marshall, N. C. 



ZEBULON WEAVER. 

(Thirty-sixth District. — County: Buncombe. One Senator.) 

Zebulon Weaver, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-sixth Dis- 
trict. Educated at the University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Rep- 
resentative from Buncombe County, 1907, 1909. Address: Ashe- 
ville, N. C. 



WILLIAM JOHNSON HANNAH. 

(Thirty- seventh District. — Counties: Haywood, Jackson, Transyl- 
vania, Swain. One Senator.) 

William Johnson Hannah, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty- 
seventh District, was born in Cataloochee, N. C, August, 1867. Son 
of John J. and Martha Ann (Simmons) Hannah. Educated in the 



State Senators. 275 

public schools of Cataloochee, at Waynesville and Bethel Academies, 
and Wake Forest College. Studied law at the University of North 
Carolina, 1897. Attorney at law. Admitted to the bar, 1897. Mem- 
ber North Carolina Bar Association. Taught school for seven years ; 
County Treasurer for two terms, 1894-98. Enlisted in Company C, 
Fourth Regiment, N. C. N. G., 1898. Commissioned as captain of 
Company H, First N. C. Volunteers, 1898. Served during the Spanish- 
American War ; appointed Judge Advocate General with the rank 
of Colonel of North Carolina by Governor Aycock. Member I. O. 
O. F. ; Noble Grand, Chief Patriot, Grand Guardian, and Grand 
Herald of the State of North Carolina; member Royal Arcanum; 
member Jr. O. U. A. M. Baptist. Compiled "The Code of Waynes- 
ville." Has delivered addresses before schools and Sunday-schools ; 
also made political, temperance, and fraternal speeches. Married 
Miss Josephine Tucker, 1899. One son. Address : Waynesville. N. C. 



S. W. LOVINGOOD. 

(Thirty-eighth District. — Counties: Cherokee. Clay, Graham, Ma- 
con. One Senator.) 

S. W. LoviNGOOD, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-eighth Dis- 
trict, was born in Cherokee County, February, 1865. Son of Samuel 
and Mahala Lovingood. Educated in public schools. Manufacturer. 
Secretary and manager of the Woodworking Company, Murphy, N. C, 
secretary Murphy Light and Power Company; director of the Com- 
mercial and Savings Bank. Elected County Surveyor, 1886; Super- 
intendent of Public Schools, 1888 ; Government stamper, 1894 ; Mayor 
of Murphy, 1896; Clerk Superior Court, 1898; Register of Deeds, 
1906; taught school occasionally, 1885-1893. Member of I. O. O. F. 
since 1887; has held every position, including Noble Grand, 1889. 
Address: Murphy, N. C. 



OFFICERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 



GEORGE WHITFIELD CONNOR, 

SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

George ^yHITFIELD Connor, Democrat, of Wilson County, was born 
in Wilson. N. C. October 24, 1872. Son of H. G. and Kate (Whit- 
field) Connor. Educated at Wilson Graded Schools; University of 
North Carolina, A.B., 1892. Editor of University Magazine; won 
Representatives' Medal, 1S91, and Debaters' Medal, 1892. Lawyer. 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon (college fraternity). Chairman Board of Edu- 
cation of Wilson County, 1905-1908. Representative in the General 
Assembly from Wilson County, 1909, 1911, 191.3. Fraternal order: 
Knights of Pythias. Married Miss Bessie Hadley. Four children, 
two living. Address: Wilson. N. C. 



THEODORE GETTYS COBB, 

CHIEF CLERK OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

THEODORE G. CoBB, Democrat, of Burke County, was born May 9, 
1867, at Newton, N. C. Son of R. A. and Matilda (Falls) Cobb. 
Educated at private schools of Morganton. 1875-1881. Editor. Alder- 
man of town of Morganton. Mayor, 1903-1904. Chief Clerk of 
House, 1909 and 1911. Fraternal orders: Knights of Pythias, Odd 
Fellows, Jr. O. U. A. M. (State Councilor Junior Order, 1906). His- 
torian North Carolina Press Association, 1907-1908. Historical ad- 
dress before the North Carolina Press Association at Charlotte. 1908. 
Married Miss Martha Ella Kincaid, December 14, 1887. Six children. 
Address : Morganton, N. C. 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



JACOB ELMER LONG. 

Jacob Elmer Long, Democrat, Representative from Alamance 
County, was born in Yancey ville, N. C, July 31, 1880. Son of Jacob 
Alson and Esta Teague Long. Educated at Graham College, 1888- 



Representatives in General Assembly. 277 

1890; Elon College, 1891-1895; Horner Military School, 1896-1898; 
University of North Carolina, 1900-1903. President Franklin Liter- 
ary Society (Horner) ; President Order of Sphinx (U. X. C). Grad- 
uated in law, University of North Carolina, 1903. Lavi^yer. Chair- 
man Township Executive Committee ; elected Chairman of Demo- 
cratic Congressional Executive Committee, Fifth District, 1912. Pri- 
vate Secretary of Hon. Charles M. Stedman, member of Congress 
from Fifth North Carolina District. Representative in the General 
Assembly, 1911. Fraternal orders: Sigma Nu Fraternity (college) ; 
Omega Tau Legal Fraternity (college) ; Order of Sphinx (college). 
Presbyterian. Married, November 10, 1909, Miss Lessie Ermine 
Peay. Address : Gi'aham, N. C. 



JOHN C. CONNALLY. 

John C. Connallt, Republican, Representative from Alexander 
County. Address : Taylorsville, N. C. 



RUFUS A. DOUGHTON. 

RuFus A. DouGHTON, Democrat, of Alleghany County, was born in 
Alleghany County, N. C, January 10, 1857. Sou of J. Horton and 
Rebecca (Jones) Doughton. Educated at Independence (Va.) High 
School, 1876-1877; University of North Carolina. Studied law at 
University of North Carolina, 1880. Lawyer, farmer and banker. 
President of Bank of Sparta. Attorney for the North Carolina Rail- 
road. Representative from Alleghany County, in the General Assem- 
bly, 1887, 1889, 1891, 1909, and 1911. Lieutenant Governor, 1893- 
1897. Speaker of the House, 1891. Fraternal order: Masons. 
Methodist. Married, January 3, 1883, Miss Sue B. Parks. Two chil- 
dren. Address : Sparta, N. C. 



FRANCIS EDGAR THOMAS. 

Francis Edgar Thomas. Democrat, Representative from Anson 
County, was boi'n at Diamond Hill, Anson County, N. C, December 
25, 1871. Son of John "Williams and Susan (Liles) Thomas. Re- 



278 Biographical Sketches. 

ceived his academic education in the public schools of the commu- 
nity and later attended Polkton High School. Wake Foi-est College, 
LL.B., 1902. Attended the University of North Carolina Law School. 
Admitted to the bar in 1907. Baptist. Married Miss Lucy Hawkins, 
1910. One son. Address: Wadesboro, N. C. 



THOMAS C. BOWIE. 

Thomas C. Bowie, Democrat, of Ashe County, was born in Louisi- 
ana, July 27, 1876. Son of John R. and Frances (Calloway) Bowie. 
Educated at Moravian Falls, 1892 ; Trap Hill, 1893 ; Booneville, 1894 ; 
Mars Hill College, 1894; University of North Carolina, Ph.B., 1899. 
Received Declaimer's Medal ; W. P. Mangum Medal. Intercollegiate 
Debater against University of Georgia. Studied law at Yale Univer- 
sity, 1900. Lawyer. Presidential Elector, 1904. Representative in 
the General Assembly from Ashe County, 1909. Fraternal orders: 
Masons, Odd Fellows. Episcopalian. Married, May 8, 1906. Miss 
Jean Davis. One child. Address : Jefferson, N. C. 



ROBERT M. BURLESON. 

Robert M. Burleson, Republican, Representative from Avery 
County, was born at Plumtree, N. C, February 28, 1871. Son of 
C. W. and Olive (English) Burleson. Educated in the public schools. 
Merchant and farmer. President of Mitchell County Bank since 
1911. Member of Board of County Commissioners, 1909-10. Mason. 
Presbyterian ; elder. Mai-ried Miss Ora English. Four children, 
two sons and two daughters. Address : Spruce Pine, N. C. 



WILEY CROOM RODMAN. 

Wiley Croom Rodman, Democrat. Representative from Beaufort 
County, was born at Washington. N. C, May 28, 1879. Son of Wil- 
liam Blount and Lucilla Dudley (Croom) Rodman. Attended Trinity 
School, of Chocowinity, N, C, 1893-95 ; University of North Carolina, 



Representatpves in General Assembly. 279 

1895-1896; United States Military Academy, 1899-1901; studied law 
at the UniA'ersity of North Carolina, 1901. Attorney at law. Former 
County Attorney and County Chairman ; member State Democratic 
Executive Committee; member Congressional Executive Committee, 
First District ; member Judicial Executive Committee, First District ; 
chairman Senatorial Executive Committee, Second District ; School 
Trustee of Washington, N. C. Colonel, Second Regiment, North Car- 
olina National Guard. Mason and Elk. Member of Gorgon's Head, 
Delta Kappa Epsilon, Omega Nu Epsilon, and Pi Sigma fraternities. 
Episcopalian. Married Miss Theodora Grimes in 1902. Two daugh- 
ters and one son. Address : Washington, N. C. 



JOHN C. BRITTON. 

John C. Bbitton, Democrat, Representative from Bertie County. 
Address: Powellsville, N. C. 



ANGUS CROMARTIE. 

Angus Cromartie, Democrat, Representative from Bladen County, 
was born in Bladen County, June, 1874. Son of Luther and Julia 
(Clark) Cromartie. Received his academic education at Ingold 
Academy and his collegiate education at Davidson College. Farmer 
at Garland, N. C. Superintendent of Public Instruction of Bladen 
County, 1902-1912. Member of the Knights of Pythias. Presby- 
terian. Married Miss Annie Belle Black, December 23, 1903. Four 
children, two sons and two daughters. Address : Garland, N. C. 



GEORGE H. BELLAMY. 

George H. Bellamy, Democrat, Representative from Brunswick 
County. State Senator, 1903, 1907, 1911. Representative from Bruns- 
wick County, 1893. Address: El Paso, N. C. 



ROBERT RANSOM WILLIAMS. 

Robert Ransom Williams. Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born at Newton, N. C, April 21, 1883. Son of 



280 Biographical Sketches. 

F. M. and Fannie Ransom Williams. Educated at Catawba College, 
18S9-1S98 ; University of North Carolina, A.B., 1902. Commencement 
orator, intercollegiate debater with University of Georgia and Johns 
Hopkins University ; member "Varsity football team ; managing editor 
Tar Heel. Studied law at University of North Carolina. Lawyer. 
Member North Carolina Bar Association. Superintendent Public In- 
struction of Catawba County, 1904-190(). Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1911. Fraternal orders: Masons; Knights of 
Pythias; Jr. O. U. A. M. ; Past Chancellor, Pisgah Lodge, No. 32, K. of 
P., July, 1910; chairman Board of Trustees and Past State Repre- 
sentative, Asheville Lodge, No. G, Jr. O. U. A. M. Presbyterian. Ad- 
dress : Asheville, N. C. 



GALLATIN ROBERTS. 

Gallatin Roberts, Democrat, Representative from Buncombe 
County, was born at Flat Creek, N. C, October 26, 1878. Son of 
J. R. and Mary Elizabeth (Buckner) Roberts. Educated at Weaver- 
ville College, 1895-1896; Washington College. Tenn., 1897; King 
College, Tenn., 1898-1899. Amiual debater at King College, 1898- 
1899. Wake Forest College, Law Department, 1902-1903. Lawyer. 
County Attorney, Buncombe County, 1907-1908. Attorney for the 
Board of Education of Buncombe County, 1911-1912. Elected to the 
Legislature 1910 by a majority of 800. In May, 1912, was renomi- 
nated without opposition, and elected by a majority of 1,400. Fra- 
ternal orders: I. O. O. F., since 1902. Presbyterian. Married, Jan- 
uary 19, 1907, Miss Mary Altha Sams. One child. Taught school 
six years before practicing law. Address : Asheville, N. C. 



JOHN M. MULL.' 

John M. Mull, Progressive, Representative from Burke County, 
was born in Burke County in 1873. Son of P. P. and Emaline (Mull) 
Mull. A.B. of Rutherford College, 1896. Studied law under Judge 
A. C. Avery, 1896. Lawyer. Postmaster of Morganton, 1904-1908. 
Methodist. Teacher of Baraca Class. Married Miss Ida Alexander. 
Four children, two sons and two daughters. Address: Morganton, 
N. C. 



Repeesentatives in Genebal Assembly. 281 

HIETTE SINCLAIR WILLIAMS. 

Hiette Sinclaik Williams, Republican, of Cabarrus County, was 
born at East Bend, N. C, March 3, 1872. Son of J. F. and Sarah L. 
(Paterson) Williams. Educated at Union High School, 1899-1902; 
Guilford College, B.S., 1905. Studied law at Wake Forest Law 
School. Admitted to the bar, 1899. Attorney for Board of Commis- 
sioners of Cabarrus County. President Guilford College Alumni 
Association, 1908. Representative in General Assembly from Yadkin 
County, 1899, and from Cabarrus County, 1909. Quaker. Married, 
September 25, 1907, Miss Ethel Reavis. One child. Address: Con- 
cord, N. C. 



EDMUND DEAN CRISP. 

Edmund Dean Crisp, Democrat, Representative from Caldwell 
County, was born in Caldwell County, November 5, 1850. Son of 
John and Allie (Green) Crisp. Educated in the common schools of 
the county. Minister of the gospel. Has been in the ministry about 
thirty-five years. Baptist. Married Miss Chaney Louisa Hayes, 
July 18, 1878. Seven children, five sons and two daughters. Ad- 
dress : Lenoir, N. C. 



DURANT HOWARD TILLETT. 

DuRANT Howard Tillett, Democrat, Representative from Camden 
County, N. C, was born April 25, 1883, near Shiloh in Camden 
County. Son of Gideon Marchant and Bettie Ferebee (Sanderlin) 
Tillett. Attended Whitsett Institute, 1902-4, and Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1907-8. Was president of Senior Class of Whitsett Institute and 
commencement orator at commencements of 1903 and 1904. Athen- 
ian debater, 1903. Attended Wake Forest Law School, summer ses- 
sion of 1909. Attorney at law. Representative in General Assembly, 
1907. Member I. O. O. F. ; Right Supporter of the Noble Grand of 
Shiloh Lodge. 1905; Vice Grand, 1906; Noble Grand. lOOfi ; repre- 
sented Shiloh in the Grand Lodge of North Carolina, 1907 and 1909. 
Baptist; Superintendent Sunday-school, 190(>-8. Has delivered Ma- 
sonic and educational addresses. Address : Camden, N. C. 



282 BioflEAPHiCAL Sketches. 

CHARLES SLOVER WALLACE. 

Charles SI.o^'ER Wallace, Democrat, of Carteret County, was born 
at Portsmouth. N. C, December 2, 1864. Son of Robert and Sally 
Ann (Willis) Wallace. Manufacturer of ice and wholesale dealer in 
fish and oysters. President of ice company. President Marine Bank, 
President Morehead City Telephone Company, President Morehead 
City Hospital Company. Member and director of Chamber of Com- 
merce (Morehead City). Mayor of Morehead City, 1896-1908. Rep- 
resentative in General Assembly from Carteret County, 1909 and 
1911. Fraternal orders: Masons, Odd Fellows (Noble Grand), K. of 
P., X. H. Methodist. Superintendent of Sunday-school and trustee, 
1887-1912. Married, December 18, 1890, Miss Nina G. Webb. Three 
children. Address : Morehead City, N. C. 



THOMAS HENRY HATCHETT. 

Thomas Heney Hatchett, Democrat, Representative from Cas- 
well County, was born in that county, July 16, 1865. Son of Thomas 
Henry and Elizabeth (Owen) Hatchett. Attended the public schools 
of Caswell County. Farmer. Mason ; Jr. O. U. A. M. ; Farmers' 
Union; Master Masonic Lodge, A. F. and A. M., 1911 ; Councilor Jr. O. 
IT. A. M., 1911. Methodist. Superintendent of Sunday-school ; stew- 
ard, 1888-1909. Married Miss Virginia Owen. Four children, two 
sons and two daughters. Address : Blanch, N. C. 



WILLIAM BO ST GAITHER. 

William Bost Gaitheb, Democrat, Representative from Catawba 
County, was born at Newton, N. C, December 4, 1864. Son of David 
B. and Mary (Bost) Gaither. Educated at Catawba High School 
and Catawba College. Lawyer. Admitted to the bar in 1896. Instru- 
mental in organizing B. and L. Association in Newton in 1904. Its 
attorney since organization. Commissioner of Newton, 1891 ; Post- 
master at Newton for four years, under Cleveland ; ^layor of New- 
ton, 1898-9, 1903-7. Representative in the General Assembly. 1901 ; 
County Attorney eight years, and City Attorney sevei*al years ; in- 



Representatives in General Assembly. 283 

strumental in establishing graded schools at Newton, and served on 
board of trustees for several years. Mason and Worshipful Master 
of Catawba Lodge, No. 248; Secretary, Worshipful Master for five 
years prior to present term ; was for one year Master of Maiden 
Lodge, No. 592. Presbyterian. Superintendent of Sunday-school. 
Delivered addresses before Y. M. C. A., on "Early Settlers of Ca- 
tawba County," etc. Married Miss Genevieve Wilfong on November 
18, 1891. Seven children, two boys and five girls. Address: New- 
ton, N. C. 



FREDERICK WILLIAMSON BYNUM. 

Frederick Williamson Bynum, Democrat, Representative from 
Chatham County, was born at Pittsboro, N. C, January 30, 1882. 
Son of Alvis Jesse and Mary Susan (Headen) Bynum. Received his 
academic education in the schools of Pittsboro till 1898 ; Oak Ridge 
Institute, 1899; University of North Carolina, 1899-1901; A.B. of 
Trinity College, 1902-1904; University Law School, 1905. Lawyer. 
Mayor of Pittsboro two terms. Chairman Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1908-12. Mason, Secretary of Lodge; Jr. O. U. A. M., 
Councilor. Methodist. Address: Pittsboro, N. C. 



A. L. MARTIN. 

A. L. Martin, Republican, Representative from Cherokee County. 
Address : Murphy, N. C. 



P. H. BELL. 



P. H. Bell, Democrat, Representative from Chowan County. Ad- 
dress : Edenton, N. C. 



LUCIUS H. McCLURE. 

Lucius H. McClure, Progressive, Representative from Clay County, 
was born in Clay County, April 2, 1844. Son of George and Mary M. 
(Howard) McClure. Educated in the public schools. Farmer. 



284 Biographical Sketches. 

Postmaster at Twine, N. C, 1878. Member of Company D, 25th North 
Carolina Regiment, C. S. A. Reenlisted in Company F. G5th North 
Carolina Regiment, C. S. A. Methodist. Married Miss Clara E. Kin- 
caid, February, 1867. Seven children, three sons and four daughters. 
Address : Hayesville, N. C. 



ROBERT BURTON MILLER. 

Robert Burton Miller, Democrat, Representative from Cleveland 
County, was born at Shelby, January 29, 1852. Son of W. .J. T. and 
Elizabeth (Frelenwider) Miller. Educated at the Shelby High 
School, 1859-71. Farmer and real estate agent. President of the 
Belmont Cotton Mills, 1888. Secretary -treasurer of the Laurel, after- 
wards the Lauraglenn Cotton Mills ; member of the committee of 
the Cotton Manufacturers' Association that secured the adoption of 
a resolution for the establishment of the Textile Department of the 
A. and M. College; advocated and framed resolutions pertaining to 
the "open door" policy for promoting the sale of cotton mill products 
in China. Chairman of the Prohibition campaign committee of Cleve- 
land County, 1881. Canvassed the county for local school tax, 1898. 
Delivered the memorial address at Shelby, and a speech at Kings 
Mountain, in interest of the celebration of the battle of Kings ]Moun- 
tain, 1880. Commissioned as Major in State Militia, 1878. Member 
of the Masonic Lodge, the Farmers' Union, and Regent of the Royal 
Arcanum. Has delivered Masonic speeches, also speeches in the 
interest of farming and Sunday-school work. Methodist; steward, 
trustee, and teacher twenty-five years; member Quarterly District 
and Annual conferences ; member of the Methodist South-Atlantic 
Missionary Convention ; represented church at the Laymen's Mis- 
sionary Movement Convention. In 1898 became editor of the Shelby 
Aurora. Married Miss Laura Glenn McCants, October, 1885. Tn'O 
daughters. Address: Shelby, N. C. 



JULIUS ROBERT WILLIAMSON. 

Julius Robert Williamson, Democrat, Representative from Colum- 
bus County, was born near Cerro Gordo, N. C, Decemiier 25, 1869. 
Son of H. D. and Sarah (Davis) Williamson. Received his educa- 



Representatives in General Assembly. 285 

tion at Fair Bluff, N. C, Ashpole, N. C, Davis School at LaGrange, 
N. C. Lawyer. "Was president of the TurpeDtiue Operative Associa- 
tion, 1S99 and 1900. Delegate to Democratic National Convention, 
Denver, Col., 1908. Mason. Baptist; for six years was moderator of 
Cape Fear-Columbus Association ; deacon ; superintendent of Sunday- 
school. Married Miss Williamson, Three children, one daughter 
and two sons. Address : Whiteville, N. C. 



G. A. WHITFORD. 

G. A. Whitfobd, Democrat, Representative from Craven County. 
Address : New Bern, N. C. 



JOHN T. MARTIN. 

John T. Martin, Democrat, Representative from Cumberland 
County. Address : Fayetteville, N. C R. F. D. 5. 



SAMUEL JARVIS PAYNE. 

Samuel Jarvis Payne, Democrat, Representative from Currituck 
County, was born in Dare County, N. C, 1857. Son of Ebenezer W. 
and Mary (Perkins) Payne. Educated in private school. Farmer. 
Was surfman in Live-saving Service, 1883-89; keeper, 1889-1893; 
member Mutual Benefit Association ; Treasurer, 1901-3. Mason and 
Odd Fellow. Disciple of Christ. Teacher in Lord's Day School since 
1895. Married Miss Malissa Parker, 1879. Eight children, three sons 
and five daughters. Married Mrs. Virginia Crank in 1902, three 
children, two girls and one boy. Address : Point Harbor, N. C. 



AUGUSTUS H. ETHERIDGE. 

Augustus H. Ethebidge, Democrat, Representative from Dare 
County, was born on Roanoke Island, July 5, 18G0. Son of A. D. 
and Fannie (Baum) Etheridge. Educated in public schools, 1866- 



286 Biographical Sketches. 

1S78. Farmer. Sheriff of Dare County, 1899-1906 and 1910-1912. 
Served iu the United States Life-saving Service for ten years. A. F. 
and A. M. Married Miss Roxana Etheridge, January, 1888. Three 
children, one son and two daughters. Address: Manteo, N. C. 



IVEY GREENE THOMAS. 

IvEY Greene Thomas, Democrat, Representative from Davidson 
County, vi-as born in Davidson County, N. C, August 29, 1875. Son 
of David and Matilda J. (Andrews) Thomas. Educated at Trinity 
High School in Randolph County, 1891-4. Teacher and farmer. Jus- 
tice of peace, 1906-1912. Member of the Farmers' Union. Business 
agent of Liberty Local, No. 914, in 1911, and president in 1912. 
Member of Jr. O. U. A. M., Council No. 219, at Thomasville, N. C. 
Methodist. Sunday-school teacher, steward, and sui^erintendent. 
Married Miss Ella Lee, 1898. Eight children, four boys and four 
girls. Address : Thomasville, N. C, R. F. D. 



JAMES L. SHEEK. 

James L. Sheer, Republican, Representative from Davie County, 
was born at Smith Grove, Davie County, N. C, December 1, 1866. 
Son of Daniel S. and Martha (Williams) Sheek. Educated in public 
schools. Sheriff of Davie County, 1898-1910. Mason. Methodist. 
Married Miss Rena Kimbrough in 1889. One son. Address : Mocks- 
ville, N. C. 



WILLIAM STOKES BONEY. 

William Stokes Boney, Democrat, Representative from Duplin 
County, was born in Duplin County, February 9, 1860. Son of James 
W. and Mary P. (Wells) Boney. Received his elementary educa- 
tion at Clements High School. Wallace, N. C. Presbyterian. Married 
Miss Emma C. Boney in 1897. Four children, three boys and one 
girl. Address: Wallace, N. C. 



KEPBESENTATrV'ES IN GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 287 

SUMTER C. BRAWLEY. 

Sumter Coe Brawley, Democrat, Representative from Durham 
County, was born in Mooresville, N. C, April, 1878. Son of Hiram A. 
and Susan A. (Mayliew) Brawley. Educated at Mooresville High 
School and Business College at Charlotte, 1900. Studied law at the 
University of North Carolina, 1905. Lawyer. Member of Durham 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1906-1912. Chairman of 
Durham County Democratic Executive Committee, 1908-1910. Mem- 
ber Ninth Judicial Committee, 1906, and Fifth Congressional District 
Democratic Committee, 1908, and member of State Democratic Exec- 
utive Committee, 1912. Member of Knights of Pythias ; B. P. O. E., 
C. C. of K. of P., 1906. Presbyterian. Married Miss Margaret Bur- 
kett, October, 1907. Three sons. Address : Durham, N. C. 



GEORGE C. STALLINGS. 

George C. Stallings, Democrat, Representative from Durham 
County, was born in Wake County in 1847. Son of Isaac W. and 
DeLacy (Broadwell) Stallings. Farmer. Member of Board of Edu- 
'cation of Durham County for six years. Baptist. Deacon for forty 
years. Married Miss Margaret Nichols in 1875. Ten children, seven 
sons and three daughters. Address : Durham, N. C. 



THOMAS FRANKLIN CHERRY. 

Thomas Franklin Cherry, Democrat, Representative from Edge- 
combe County, was born in Edgecombe County, January 8, 1866. 
Son of T. Thaddeus and Margaret (Killebrew) Cherry. Received 
his academic education in private schools of Tarboro, Tarboro Male 
Academy, 1881-82, and Bingham Military School, 1883-1884. Farmer. 
Was justice of the peace for fourteen years. Superintendent of Edge- 
combe County roads, 1901-3. Master Mason for twenty-two years, 
also Royal Arch Mason. Secretary of Farmers' Alliance for several 
years. Methodist. Steward for twenty years. Superintendent of 
Sunday-school for twelve years. Married Miss Lucy G. Cherry, June, 
1901. Address: Rocky Mount, N. C. 



288 Biographical Sketches. 



SILAS J. BENNETT. 



Silas J. Bennett, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth County, 
was born in Surry County, N. C, August 21, 1874. Son of William 
and Arenia (Boyles) Bennett. Received his preparatory education 
at Pinnacle High School and his collegiate education at Wake Forest 
College, where he studied law. President of law class, 1911. Ad- 
mitted to the bar, 1912. Member Jr. O. U. A. M. and I. O. O. F. 
Has filled all chairs. Baptist. Married Miss Lula Haley in 1896. 
One son. Address : Winston-Salem, N. C. 



WILLIAM PORTER. 

William Porter, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth. Ad- 
dress : Kernersville, N. C. 



JAMES ARCHIBALD TURNER. 

James Archibald Turner, Democrat, Representative from Frank- 
lin County, was born at Raleigh, N. C, April 4, 1875. Son of Henry 
C. and Katherine (Black) Turner. Educated at the Oxford public 
schools and Oxford High School. Real estate and insurance agent. 
Secretary and treasurer of the Eastern Realty and Trust Company, 
Louisburg, N. C. ; supervisor for the State of North Carolina for the 
Hartford Life Insurance Company. Secretary of the Democratic 
County Executive Committee. Member of Board of Aldermen, 1910; 
Mayor. Member of Company D, Third Infantry, N. C. N. G. Mason 
since 1894. Methodist. Trustee and steward. Married Miss Emily 
Burta Harris, November, 1897. Five children, four girls and a boy. 
Address : Louisburg, N. C. 



SAMUEL SYLVANUS MAUNEY. 

Samuel Sylvanus Maukey, Democrat. Representative from Gas- 
ton County, N. C, was born in Cleveland County, N. C, October 11, 
1851. Son of David and Fannie (Carpenter) Mauney. Received his 
academic education in the public schools in the 60's. Attended Ca- 
tawba College, 1872-73. Banker, manufacturer, farmer. President 
Cherryville Manufacturing Company, 1900-1904; president Vivian 



Representatives in General Assembly. 289 

Cotton Mills since 1897; president First National Bank of Cherry- 
ville, 1904; director of Clierryville Manufacturing Company, Gaston 
Manufacturing Company, First National Bank of Kings Mountain, 
N. C. Public school teacher, 1873-1883; trustee of Lenoir College. 
Hickory, N. C, since 1904; chairman of Board of Trustees. Cherry- 
ville Graded Schools since 1907; Mayor of Cherryville, 1903. Luth- 
eran; deacon, 1890-1907; elder since 1907; Sunday-school teacher 
and treasurer since 1890. Married Miss Margaret Rudisill, Septem- 
ber 1, 1875. Eight children, four girls and four boys. Address: 
Cherryville, N. C. 



DAVID P. DELLINGER. 

David P. Dellinger, Democrat, Representative from Gaston County, 
was born near Cherryville, N. C. Son of John C. and Barbara 
(Glenn) Dellinger. Received his preparatory education under Syl- 
vanus Erwin and at the Normal Institute, 1893-1890. A.B. of Ruth- 
erford College, 1898. Represented Newtonia Literary Society in An- 
nual Declamation Contest, 1897. Studied law at Rutherford Col- 
lege, 1898-99, and at the University of North Carolina, 1900. Law- 
yer. Mayor of Cherryville, 1900-2. Member of General Assembly, 
1909. Mason, Royal Arch Mason, K. of P., D. O. K. K. Baptist. 
Sui^erintendent Sunday-school, 1903, 1900, 1907-9. Treasurer of South 
Fork Baptist Association. Delivered alumni address at commence- 
ment, 1912, Rutherford College. Married Miss Grace Abernathy, 
July, 1903. One daughter. Address : Gastonia, N. C. 



GLADSTONE DAUGHTRY CATLING. 

Gladstone Daughtry Catling, Democrat. Representative from 
Gates County, was born in Gates County, April 27, 1880. Son of 
Riddick and Fenina (Willey) Catling. Received his academic edu- 
cation at Reynoldson, Gates County, N. C, 1888-1894. Merchant and 
farmer. Justice of the peace, 1908-1912. Member of Gatesville Lodge, 
A. F. and A. M., No. 120 ; Worshipful Master, 1912 ; delegate to the 
Grand Lodge in Raleigh, 1906. Episcopalian; Senior Warden, 1911- 
1912. Address: Roduco, N. C. 
19 



290 Biographical Sketches. 

ROBERT LEE PHILLIPS. 

Robert Lee Phillips, Democrat, Representative from Graham 
County, was born in 1S79. Son of Mrs. Martha Ann Phillips. Edu- 
cated in the Robbinsville public schools, and at the University of North 
Carolina, where he studied law. Lawyer. Private in Third United 
States Cavalry; served in Philippine War from 1899-1901. Member 
of Jr. O. U. A. M. Married Miss Sallie Rogers. Two children, one 
girl and one boy. Address: Robbinsville, X. C. 



WILLIAM AUGUSTUS DEVIX. 

William Augustus Devin, Democrat, Representative from Gran- 
ville County, was born in Granville County, July 12, 1871. Son of 
Robert I. and Mary Transou Devin. Educated at Horner Military 
School, 18a3-1886; Wake Forest College, 1886-1889. Vice president 
Literary Society; marshal; member baseball and football teams; K. 
A. Greek Letter Fraternity. University Law School. 1892-1893. 
Ghimghoul Society. Lawyer. Member Granville Commercial Club; 
member Board Graded School Trustees, Oxford, 1901 ; Mayor of Ox- 
ford, 1903-1909; member Board Town Commissioners. 1909-1910; 
chairman County Democratic Executive Committee. 1910; chair- 
man County Board Elections, 1906-1908. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly, 1911. Captain Company E. Third Infantry, N. C. N. 
G.. 1901-1906. Fraternal order : I. O. O. F., 1900. Baptist ; member 
missionary committee, deacon. Delivered number of addresses on 
Layman's Missionary Movement during 1910-1911. Married. No- 
vember 29, 1899. Miss Virginia Bernard. One child. Address: Ox- 
ford. N. C. 



LEVI J. H. MEWBORN. 

Levi J. H. Mewborx. Democrat, Representative from Greene 
County, was born in Greene County, August 31, 1842. Son of Parrott 
and Mary (Aldridge) Mewborn. Educated in the public schools. 
Farmer. Justice of the peace for twenty years ; member of the 
Board of Education for sixteen years. Secretary and treasurer of 



Representatives in General Assembly. 291 

the Greene County branch of the Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance 
Association. Served in the Civil War as a private. Primitive Bap- 
tist ; served as cleric since 1883, as deacon since 1900, and as clerk 
of the Contentnea Primitive Baptist Association from 1885-1908. 
Married Miss Ruth C. Whitted, July 4, 1806. Eleven children, five 
sons and six daughters. Address : Snovv' Hill, N. C. 



THOMAS JACKSON GOLD. 

Thomas Jackson Gold, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was born in Shelby, N. C, April 11, 1879. Son of W. F. and 
Margaret (Elliott) Gold. Received his academic education at Pied- 
mont High School, Lawnsdale, N. C, 1899. Wake Forest College. 
Ph.B. of University of North Carolina, 1903. Was Washington's 
birthday orator, business manager of the Tar Heel, commencement 
orator, member Athletic Advisory Committee, 1903. Won Freshman 
medal for oratory and debating. 1900. Studied at Law School of 
Universit.v of North Carolina. Lawyer. Member of Manufacturers' 
Club of High Point. Member Industrial Club of High Point. Judge 
Recordei"s Court of city of High Point, 1911-1912. Mason (Blue 
Lodge and Royal Arch). Junior Order United American Mechanics. 
EJks. Red Men. Baptist. INIarried Miss Nina Wheeler, April 24, 
1907. Two sous. Address : High Point, N. C. 



EDWARD J. JUSTICE. 

Edward J. Justice, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County. Lawyer. State Senator, 1903. Representative from Mc- 
Dowell County, 1899; from Guilford County, and Speaker, 1907. 
Address : Greensboro, N. C. 



JAMES RUFUS GORDON. 

James Rufus Gordon, Democrat, of Guilford County, was born at 
Jamestown, N. C, February 23, 1857. Son of James J. and Eliza- 
beth (Mills) Gordon. Educated in common schools of Guilford 



292 Biographical Sketches. 

County. M.D. of Baltimore Medical College. Physician. Member 
of Guilford County Medical Society and North Carolina State Medi- 
cal Society. Representative from Guilford County in General Assem- 
bly, 1905, 1907, 1909. Fraternal order : Jr. O. U. A. M., Past Coun- 
cilor. Methodist; trustee and steward. Married, 1884, Miss Mary E. 
Idol ; 1894, Miss Lizzie Henley. Six children. Address : James- 
town, N. C. 



WALTER THOMAS CLEMENT. 

Walter Thomas Cleme^-^t, Democrat. Representative from Hali- 
fax County, was born in Granville County, N. C. Son of Thomas D. 
and Mary Elizabeth Clement. Attended Horner's Military School, 
Oxford, N. C. Tobacco dealer at Enfield, N. C. Mayor of Scotland 
Neck, 1900-1901; Mayor Enfield, 1905-1912; member General Assem- 
bly, 1911. Presbyterian. Married Miss Elizabeth Whitaker in 1904. 
Two children. Address : Enfield, N. C. 



W. P. WHITE. 

W. P. White, Democrat. Representative from Halifax. Represent- 
ative from Halifax. 1S99, 1901, 1903. Address: Hobgood, N. C. 



ERNEST FOSTER YOUNG. 

Ernest Foster Young, Democrat, Representative from Harnett 
County, was born in Dinwiddie County, Ya.. March 22, 1870. Son 
of John T. S. and Mary E. (Foster) Young. Educated in public 
schools of Wilson and at Wilson Collegiate Institute. Lawyer. 
Chairman of Board of County Commissioners of Harnett County, 
1898-1904. Member Knights of Pythias and I. O. O. F. Methodist. 
Married Miss Alma Fleming, November 26. 1890. Two children, one 
son and one daughter. Address : Dunn, N. C. 



REPEESENTATrV'ES IN GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 293 

DAVID R. NOLAND. 

David R. Noland, Democrat, Representative from Haywood. Ad- 
dress: Crabtree, R. F. D. 1. 



JOHN P. PATTON. 

John P. Patton, Democrat, Representative from Henderson County, 
was born in that county. Son of Aaron F. and Rozilla (Garven) 
Patton. Attended Newton Academy, Asheville, N. C, 1871-73. Mer- 
chant. For three years was chairman of Board of Education of Hen- 
derson County. Baptist ; deacon for fifteen years. Married Miss 
Sue C. Barnett in 1881. Four children, two boys and two girls. 
Address: Flat Rock, N. C. 



JOHN THOMAS WILLIAMS. 

John Thomas Williams, Democrat, Representative from Hert-' 
ford County, was born in Bertie County, February 27, 1851. Son of 
Benjamin B. and Elizabeth (Harrell) Williams. Educated in public 
schools. Farmer, mex'chant, and banker. President Bank of Ahoskie 
since its organization ; trustee of Chowan College, Murfreesboro, and 
member of the Executive Committee. County Commissioner ; chair- 
man of County Board of Education, 1911-12. Member I. O. O. F. 
Baptist. Married Miss Addie C. McDade. October, 1878 ; five daugh- 
ters. Address : Harrellsville, N. C. 



THOMAS McBRTDE. 

Thomas McBbyde, Democrat, Representative from Hoke County, 
was born in Robeson County in 1842. Son of Malcolm and Mary 
(Gilchrist) McBi-yde. University of North Carolina. 1856-57. 
Farmer. County Commissioner, 1888-92. Chairman Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee, 1894-96. State Senator from Robeson County, 
1903. Commissioned officer in Confederate Army. 1861-65, rank of 
major on General London's staff of U. C. V., 1903. Presbyterian. 
Married Miss Mary McDuffie, 1882. Six children, three sons and 
three daughters. Address: Red Springs, N. C. 



294 Biographical Sketches. 

JOHN MONROE CLAYTON. 

John Monroe Clayton, Democrat, Representative from Hyde 
County, was born at Engelhard, N. C, October IS, 1851. Son of Wil- 
liam P. and Susan Jane (Henry) Clayton. Educated at Amity 
Academy, Lake Landing, N. C. Farmer. Chairman of Board of 
Shellfish Commissioners. Member of Masonic Lodge, Farmers' 
Union, United Sous of Hyde County. Junior and Senior Warden of 
Masonic Lodge, and president of Farmers" Union and of United Sons 
of Hyde County. Methodist. Married Miss Mary R. Midyette. Ad- 
dress : Engelhard, N. C. 



THOMAS NEWBERRY HALL. 

Thomas Newberry Hall, Democrat, Representative from Iredell 
County, was born in Rowan County, May 4, 1869. Son of Newberry F. 
and Martha E. (Shuford) Hall. Educated in the county schools of 
Rowan. Druggist at Mooresville, N. C. Member K. of P. ; I. O. H. ; 
W. O. W., and Royal Arcanum. Chancellor commander, K. of P., 
1896, reelected six times ; served as prelate of lodge for several years 
past ; flinaucier of I. O. H. ' for the last sixteeij years ; clerk of 
W. O. W. for fifteen years ; collector for Royal Arcanum for eight 
years. Presbyterian. Elder since 1902. Married Miss Lucy Aber- 
nathy. 1893. Two children, one son and one daughter. Address : 
Mooresville, N. C. 



HARRY PERCY GRIER. 

Harry Percy Grier, Democrat, Representative from Iredell County, 
was born at Yorkville, S. C, March 20, 1871. Son of William L. and 
Mary (Barron) Grier. Received his academic education in States- 
ville. Read law with Major Harvey Bingham of Statesville, and 
was licensed to practice in South Carolina at September Term, 1893. 
Lawyer. Chairman County Board of Elections from creation of 
office until elected Mayor in 1907. Member of Democratic Congres- 
sional Committee for past ten years. Associate Reformed Presby- 
terian. Deacon. Married Miss Marietta Leinster on October 10, 
1905. Three sons. Address: Statesville, N. C. 



Kepbesentatives in General Assembly. 295 

WILLIAM DALLAS WIKE. 

William Dallas Wire, Democrat, Representative from Jackson 
County, was born in Jackson County, December 18, 18G7. Son of 
David M. and Alice (Norton) Wike. Attended Cullowhee High 
School, and graduated therein 1893. Took teachers' training course 
of study in Howard Payne College (Tex.). Taught school nine years. 
Liuuberman and merchant at CuIIowhee. Was member of County 
Board of Examiners for teachers in McCullough County, Texas, in 
1894. Member of the County Board of Elections, 1900. Methodist ; 
steward. Married Miss Emma J. Hampton in 1896. Seven children, 
all girls. Address : CuIIowhee, N. C. 



CHARLES MARSHALL WILSON. 

Charles Marshall Wilson, Democrat. Representative from John- 
ston County, was born in Warrenton, N. C. May 14, 1858. Son of 
John M. and Susan G. (Bobbitt) Wilson. Received his academic edu- 
cation in Selma, 1873-1876, and Bingham Military School, Mebane, 
N. C, 1879-78. Manufacturer, farmer, and merchant. President of 
Johnston Agricultural Society, 1911-12. Chairman Board County 
Commissioners. 1898-1906. Chairman Johnston County Finance Com- 
mittee and has been for fourteen years. State Senator, 1907. Mem- 
ber Selma Lodge. 320, A. F. and A. M. ; Junior Warden, 1907. Jr. O. 
IT. A. M. President Johnston County branch Farmers' Educational 
and Cooperative Union of America, 1911. Christian Disciple ; deacon. 
Married ]Miss Nova K. Uzzle. Three children, two sons and one 
daughter. Address : Wilsons Mills, N. C. 



LINVILLE H. ALLRED. 

LiNViLLE H. Allred, Democrat. Representative from Johnston 
County, was born at Charlotte. N. C. June 14. 1876. Son of Rev. B. 
C. and Sallie J. (Rives) Allred. Educated at Holly Springs High 
School, 1890-1896 ; Trinity College : Wake Forest Law School : licensed 
by Supreme Court, 1903. Lawyer. Member of North Carolina Bar 
Association; Mayor of Youngsville about four years; Superintendent 



296 



Biographical Sketches. 



Youngsville High School; at present Town Attorney of Selma. Rep- 
resentative from Johnston County, 1911. Fraternal orders : Odd 
Fellow (Past Grand at present) ; Jr. O. U. A. M., Smithfield, N. C. ; 
recipient of all degrees in York Rite Masonry, from Master Mason to 
Shrine; has served as Master of Blue Lodge, now High Priest of 
Royal Arch Chapter, at Selma ; for past three years District Deputy 
Grand Master, Twelfth Masonic Distrfct, North Carolina. Married, 
December 23, 1908, Miss Myrtle May. One child. Address: Selma, 
N. C. 

JACKSON K. DIXON. 

Jackson K. Dixon. Democrat. Representative from Jones County, 
was born at Tuckahoe. N. C, January 27. 1878. Son of F. M. and 
Susan E. Dixon. Educated in public schools in township; Trenton 
High School two years. Merchant and farmer. Mayor of Trenton; 
Register of Deeds, Jones County. Representative from Jones County, 
1911. Fraternal orders: Mason; Woodman of the World (has been 
clerk in Woodman Camp, Trenton, N. C. ) . Member Christian Church, 
and clerk in same. Married, January 13, 1902, Miss Mamie B, 
Gerock. Three children. Address: Trenton, N. C. 



AARON ASHLEY FLOWERS SEAWELL. 

Aaron Ashley Flowers Seawell, Democrat, Representative from 
Lee County, was born in Moore County, October 30, 1864. Son of 
A. A. F. and Jeannette L. (Buie) Seawell. Attended the Jonesboro 
High School, 1879-1880. Ph.B. of the University of North Carolina, 
1889. Studied law at the University of North Carolina. Lawyer. 
Represented Moore County in the General Assembly, 1901; Senator 
from the Twenty-second District, 1907. A. F. and A. M. ; Jr. O. U. 
A. M. Presbyterian; elder since 1896. Married Miss Bertha Smith 
in 1905. One daughter and three sons. Address : Jonesboro, N. C. 



EMMETT R. WOOTEN. 

Emmett R. Wooten, Democrat, of Lenoir County, was born at Fort 
Barnwell, Craven County, N. C, November 2, 1878. Son of John C. 



Representatives in General Assembly. 297 

and Mary (Cobb) Wooten. Educated at private school iu Kiuston, 
Wake Forest College, University of North Carolina. Studied law 
under Judge A. C. Avery and at University Law School. Admitted to 
the bar, 1900. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Association. 
Attorney for the city of Kinston, 1904, 1905, 190G. County Attorney, 
1903-1904. Trustee of University of North Carolina ; member of spe- 
cial committee appointed by Governor to visit and report to Governor 
and board of trustees on affairs and condition of University. Repre- 
sentative in General Assembly from Lenoir County, 1909, 1911. Fra- 
ternal orders: Kappa Alpha (college fraternity). Odd Fellows, Camp 
of Odd Fellows, Junior Order United American Mechanics. "Married, 
April 20, 1904, Miss Nannie Cox. Two children. Address : Kinston. 
N. C. 

ROBERT BENJAMIN KILLIAN. 

Robert Benjamin Killian, Democrat, Representative from Lin- 
coln County, was born in Catawba County, N. C, September 15, 1856. 
Son of Ephraim Killian and Mary (Killian) Killian. Attended Rural 
District School ; Woodlawn Business School ; Catawba College. New- 
ton; Conover College, Newton; Louisville (Ky.) Medical College, 
1S85, M.D. ; post-graduate course, New York Post-graduate Hospital 
School, 1887-88 and 1891-92. Physician and farmer. Member Lin- 
coln County Medical Society. Lutheran; elder since 1908. Married. 
Miss Ella Rhodes in 1S92. One son and one daughter. Address : 
Lincolnton, N. C, R.F.D. 

J. FRANK RAY. 

J. Frank Ray, Democrat, Representative from Macon County, was 
born in Macon County, N. C, in 1856. Son of John and Nancy 
(Sumner) Ray. Educated in free schools of the county and at 
Franklin Academy. Lawyer. Representative in General Assembly 
1881, 1883, 1891, 1893, 1895, 1897, 1899, 1911, and 1913. In the session 
of 1895 he was nominated for Speaker by the Democratic minority of 
the House and was defeated by the Fusionists by a very small vote. 
State Senator, 1897. Trustee of N. C. A. and M. College many years. 
Baptist in principle. Poet. Married, in 1889, Miss Josephine Fonts. 
Five children. Address : Franklin, N. C. 



298 BlOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

JAMES ENOCH RECTOR. 

James Enoch Rector, Republican, Representative from Madison 
County, was born in Tennessee, December 21, 1SS2. Son of Andrew 
Jackson and Mary Elizabeth (Perkins) Rector. Educated in tlie 
public scliools, Dorland Institute at Hot Springs, 1899, and Tusculum 
College. Studied law under J. J. Britt, Asheville, N. C. Admitted to 
bar, 1909. Lawyer. Secretary of Merchants' Association ; president 
of S. P. C. A. Member of Jr. O. U. A. M. Has been secretary and 
was recently made vice councilor. Methodist; steward; superintend- 
ent of Sunday-school. Address : Hot Springs, N. C. 



ARCHER R. DUNNING. 

Archer R. Dunning, Democrat, Representative from Martin County, 
was born in Aulander, October 2, 1877. Son of W. J. and Roxana 
(Rice) Dunning. Received his academic education at the High 
School of Aulander, until 1896. M.A. of Waive Forest College, 1900. 
President Eu. Society; salutatorian, Class 1900; Senior speaker, 1900; 
commencement speaker, 1900; represented Wake Forest College in 
debate with Trinity, 1900. Manager Baseball Team. Lawj-er. 
Mayor of Robersonville, 190.J-G ; vice president and general counsel 
for Bank of Jamesville since 1911. President Lotus Club, Williams- 
ton, N. C. Noble in Oasis Temple, Charlotte; St. John's Commandery, 
No. 10, New Bern ; Canaho Chapter, 12. Royal Arch ; Stonewall, 296, 
A. F. and A. M., Robersonville; B. P. O. E., No. 822, Worthington. 
N. C. ; Jr. O. U. A. M. City Attorney of Robersonville, 1904-5. Bap- 
tist. Married Miss Alice Grimes. Address : Williamston, N. C. 



PINCKNEY H. MASHBURN. 

PiNCKNEY H. Mashburn, Republican, Representative from Mc- 
Dowell County, was born at Old Fort. N. C. Son of William and 
Martha (Grant) Mashburn. Receive<l his academic education at 
Greenville High School. Merchant. Sheriff of McDowell County, 
1903-1911. State Senator, 1911. Member of Masonic Lodge, of which 
he is the secretary. Married Miss Mamie Sanderlin, February 5, 
1899. One child. Address : Old Fort, N. C. 



Repbesewtatives in General Assembly. 299 

PLUMMER STEWART. 

Plummer Stewart, Democrat, Representative from Meekleuburg. 
Studied law at University of Nortli Carolina. Lawyer. Address : 
Charlotte, N. C. 



w. G. Mclaughlin. 

W. G. McLaughlin, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, 1909, 1911. Farmer. Address : Charlotte. N. C. 



WILLIAM A. GRIER. 

William A. Grier, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born iil Mecklenburg County, N. C. November 27, 1S50. 
Son of T. P. and G. (Strong) Grier. Educated in common schools 
of Mecklenburg County. Farmer. Representative in General Assem- 
bly from Mecklenburg County, 1907, 1909, 1911. I'resbyterian ; elder ; 
superintendent of Sunday-school. Married, November S, 1S77, Miss 
Belle Crawford. Five children. Lived in Gaston County, 1S77-1S92. 
Elected by Prohibition Association of Gaston , County to push bill 
through Legislature of 1891 prohibiting sale of liquor in said county, 
and succeeded in getting the bill passed. Address : Charlotte, N. C, 
R.F.D. 3. 



MARION L. BUCHANAN. 

Marion L. Buchanan, Republican, Representative from Mitchell 
County, was born at Bakersville, N. C, January 16, 1872. Son of 
George A. and Louise (McKinney) Buchanan. Educated in public 
and private schools of Bakersville. Farmer. Taught school several 
years. Justice of the peace, 1898. Elected to State Senate, 1900. 
Elected Clerk of the Superior Court of Mitchell County, 1906; held 
otiice for four years. Appointed Deputy Clerk of Superior Court, 
1910. Baptist ; deacon. Married Miss Emma Byrd, November, 1903. 
Four children, two sons and two daughters. Address : Bakersville. 
N. C. 



300 . BlOGBAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



BARNA ALLEN. 



Barna Allen, Democrat, Representative from Montgomery County, 
was born in Montgomery County, November 27, 1873. Son of George 
W. and Utah (Leach) Allen. Attended Troy High School, 1887-89; 
Moravian Falls High School, 1890; Oak Ridge Institute, 1891. Mer- 
chant. On Boai-d of Aldermen, 1900-1908; member of board of trus- 
tees of Graded Schools of Troy since 1908. Baptist. Superintendent 
Sunday-school. Married Miss Etta Brutou, June 18, 1902. Four 
children, two daughters and two sons. Address : Troy, N. C. 



HENRY ALLISON PAGE. 

Henry Allison Page, Democrat, Representative from Moore 
County, was born at Cary, N. C, May 12, 1862. Son of Allison Fran- 
cis and Catherine Frances (Raboteau) Page. * Received academic 
education in Cary, 1870-78. Farmer. Methodist. Delegate to last 
two General Conferences, Birmingham (1906) and Asheville (1910). 
Married Miss Eva L. Pleasants, November 4, 1885. Six children; 
four sous, two daughters. Address : Aberdeen, N. C. 



PAUL R. CAPELLE. 

Paul R. Capelle. Democrat, Representative from Nash. Educated 
at University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Address : Nashville, 
N. C. 



JOHN LEE CORNWELL. 

John Lee Coknwell, Democrat. Representative from Nash County, 
was born near Shelby, N. C, September 4, 1872. Son of Amos H. 
and S. Clementine (Gillespie) Cornwell. Educated at county free 
schools; Wake Forest College, 1S91-189.5, A.B.. lS9.j. President Eu- 
zelian Literary Society; assistant editor Wake Forest Student. 
Bookkeeper. Commissioner of Town of Spring Hope. 1909-1911. Rep- 
resentative from Nash County. 1911. Fraternal orders : Mason 
(Junior and Senior Warden, 1908, 1909, and 1910) ; Odd Fellow (has 



Representatives in General Assembly. 301 

gone through all chairs) ; Junior (treasurer, chaplain) ; Modern 
Woodman of America (charter member). Baptist. Married, October, 
1S97, Miss Annie Lyiian Griffin. Five children. Address : Spring 
Hope, N. C. 



WOODUS KELLUM. 

WooDus Kellum, Democrat, Representative from New Hanover 
County, was born at Kellum, Onslow County, January 16, 1878. Son 
of W. T. and Nancy (Humphrey) Kellum. Educated at Trenton High 
School. Admitted to the bar in August, 1903. Lawyer. Senior mem- 
ber of firm of Kellum & Loughlin. Member of th'e House of Repre- 
sentatives. 1911. Married, October 26, 1904, Miss Christian Home. 
Two children. Address : Wilmington, N. C. 



JOSEPH BURTON STEPHENSON, 

Joseph Burton Stephenson, Democrat, Representative from North- 
ampton County, was born in Northampton County, N. C, December 24, 
1861. Son of E. J. A. and Mary E. (White) Stephenson. Educated 
at Buckhorn Academy, 1874-75, and at Murfreesboro Academy, 1875- 
76. Merchant. Member of County Board of Education, 1905-1911. 
County assessor, 1911. Member of W. O. W., clerk, 1912. Methodist ; 
steward for about thirty years. Married Miss Fannie Hoggard, De- 
cember 16, 1884. Five children, two boys and three girls. Married 
Miss Nannie Clements, February, 1905. Three boys. Address : 
Severn, N. C. 



ELIJAH M. KOONCE. 

Elijah M. Koonce, Democrat, of Onslow County, was born in Ons- 
low County, N. C, October 9, 1857. Son of James and Harriet (Da- 
vis) Koonce. Educated in common schools and Richlands High 
School; University of North Carolina Law School, 1898. Teacher, 
1881-1897. County Superintendent of Onslow, 1882. Member Cen- 
tral Committee of State Democratic Executive Committee. Chair- 
man Democratic County Executive Committee. Elected delegate to 



302 



Biographical Sketches. 



National Couveution at Denver, Colorado, by Democratic Congres- 
sional Convention held at Goldsboro, N. C, June 23, 1908. Repre- 
sentative from Onslow County in General Assembly, 1905, 1907, 1909, 
1911. Fraternal orders: ]Masons (several times Master in Lafayette 
Lodge, No. 83; Steward of the Grand Lodge; District Deputy Grand 
Master of Grand Lodge for the Fifth District) ; Knights of Pythias 
(Past Chancellor of Knights of Pythias, Grand Representative in 
Grand Lodge). Disciples Church. Married, May 14, 1903, Mrs. Dora 
Warlick. One child. Address : Jacksonville, N. C. 



GEORGE C. PICKARD. 

George C. Pickaru, Democrat, Representative fi-om Orange County, 
was born in Alamance County. N. C, October 7, 1855. Son of Alfred 
and Abby (Watkius) Piclvard. Educated in the public schools of 
Alamance County. Superintendent of the buildings and grounds of 
the University of North Carolina. Member of the Board of Aldermen 
of Chapel Hill, N. C. Knights of Pythias ; Mason. Presbyterian. 
Married Miss Sallie Patterson, December 21, 1881. Nine children, 
seven daughters and two sons. Address : Chapel Hill, X. C. 



HENRY L. GIBBS. 

Henry L. Gibbs, Democrat. Representative from Pamlico County. 
Address: Oriental, N. C. 



DOCTRINE CLARK PERRY. 

Doctrine Clark Perry, Democrat, Representative from Pasquotank 
County, was born in Okisko, N. C, October 18, 1868. Son of Israel 
and Laura (Munden) Perry. Attended public schools. Cotton mer- 
chant and dealer in lumber. Postmaster at Okisko ; appointed by 
Cleveland. I. O. O. F., Lodge No. 14. Junior Order United American 
Mechanics. Methodist; steward. Married Miss Maggie A. Thomas. 
Eight children living, five daughters and three sons. Address: 
Elizabeth City, N. C. 



Representatives in General Assembly. 303 

JOSEPH T. FOY. 

JosErn T. Foy, Democrat, of Peiider County, was born at Scotts 
Hill, N. C, November 16, 1846. Son of Joseph M. and Mary A. (Sim- 
mons) Foy. Educated at Scotts Hill Academy (N. C), 1S55-1S61. 
Farmer. On tlie Boai'd of County Commissioners of Fender County 
twelve years ; chairman for eight years. Representative in General 
Assembly from Pender County. 1909. Fraternal order : Royal Ar- 
canum. Methodist. Married, November S, 1S71, Miss Nora Dozier. 
Address: Burgaw, N. C. 



JAMES SMALL McNIDER. 

James Small McNider, Democrat, Representative from Perquimans 
County, was born at Durants Neck, N. C, January 25, 18S0. Son of 
Thomas J. and Laura (White) McNider. Received his academic 
education at Hertford Academy, 1897; Atlantic Collegiate Institute, 
1898; Whitsett Institute, 1900; University of North Carolina, 1906. 
Was intersociety debater on W^ashington's birthday. Studied law at 
University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Member of the Masonic 
Lodge. Methodist ; steward ; president Epworth League ; teacher in 
Sunday-school. Made the response to address of welcome at Lay- 
man's Movement, Methodist Conference, in 1909 ; address of welcome, 
Epworth League Convention, 1910. Address : Hertford. 



CHARLES ASBURY WHITFIELD. 

Charles Asbury Whitfield, Democrat, Representative from Person 
County, was born in Person County in 1859. Son of Thomas L. and 
Esperance (Russell) Whitfield. Farmer. County surveyor several 
years ; County Commissioner two years ; Register of Deeds two years ; 
member of Legislature. 1899 ; County Tax Assessor two years. Mem- 
ber of Farmers' Union ; president Tingen's Five Forks Union ; presi- 
dent County Union. Married Miss Fannie C. Brooch, January 19, 
1882. Eight children, five sons and three daughters. Address : Vir- 
gilina, Va., R.F.D. 1. 



304 Biographical Sketches. 



BERIAH THADDEUS COX. 



Bebiah Thaddeus Cox, Democrat, of Pitt Couuty, was born in Pitt 
County, N. C, July 30, 1SG3. Son of Josiah and Sarah Ann (Tyson) 
Cox. Educated at Coxville (N. C.) and at University of North Caro- 
lina, 1SS4-18S6; University of Maryland, M.D., ISSS. Physician. 
Superintendent of Health for Pitt County, 1890-1893. Member of 
Medical Society of North Carolina ; ex-president Pitt County Medical 
Society. Representative in General Assembly from Pitt County, 1909. 
Fraternal order : Jr. O. U. A. M. (Past Grand Councillor). Married, 
in 1891, Miss Mary V. Smith. Five children. Address : Winterville, 
N. C. 



DAVID McKEXZIE CLARK. 

David McKenzie Clark, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Halifax, N. C, 1885. Son of Edward Thorne and 
Margaret (Lillington) Clark. Educated in Weldon Graded Schools, 
1SS8-1901, and North Carolina A. and M. College, 1901-1905. Civil 
Engineer, 1905-1911. County engineer for the construction of steel 
bridges, 190,S-9. City Engineer of Greenville and E. C. T. T. School, 
1909-11. Studied law. Wake Forest College. Admitted to bar, 1911. 
Now practicing law in Greenville. Member of Board of Governors of 
Carolina Club, 1910; secretary of Carolina Club, 1912. Member 
Chamber Commerce, Good Roads Association, North Carolina Bar 
Association. Knights of Pythias, C. M. ; Re<l Men, S. S. at present. 
Methodist. Address : Greenville, N. C. 



JOHN ALONZO BOLICK. 

John Alonzo Bolick, Democrat, Representative from Polk County, 
was born in Newton. N. C. December, 1872. Son of A. E. and Bar- 
bara Caroline (Dellinger) Bolick. Received his preparatory educa- 
tion in Barringer schools in Catawba County, .1878-1886. Took me- 
chanical studies under G. W. Gates, Salisbury, 1888. Locomotive 
engineer and real estate dealer. Trainmaster of the Asheville Divi- 
sion, Southern Railway, 1907-1908. Member of Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers. Served the organization in offices and repre- 



Representatives in General Assembly. 305 

sented them on the Legislative Board. Alderman of Saluda, 1904; 
Mayor in 1910-11; delegate to State and Congressional couv.entions. 
Lodge No. 482, A. F. and A. M., Master of the Lodge, 1908-10. Knight 
of Pythias; was Chancellor Commander, 1900 and 1901, and is at 
present Council Commander, Pine Camp 482, W. 0. W.; member of 
Salisbury Chapter, No. 20, R. A. M.; Charlotte Commandery, No. 2, 
K. T. O., and Oasis Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., Charlotte, N. C. Meth- 
odist; steward and Sunday School superintendent since 1903. Mar- 
ried Miss Sallie McMahon, 1893. Six children, all boys. Address: 
Saluda, N. C. 



ROMULUS R. ROSS. 

Romulus R. Ross, Democrat, Representative from Randolph 
County, was born in Guilford County, N. C, November 30, 1850. Son 
of Dr. L. G. Ross. Educated in private school at Pleasant Garden, 
N. C. Owner of sales stables. Sheriff of Randolph County, 1890-94; 
delegate to Democratic National Convention, 1908; delegate to all 
Democratic State conventions since 1876. Mason and Knight of 
Pythias, having held various offices in both lodges. Methodist; dele- 
gate to Annual Conference. Married Miss McCuUoch. Five living 
sons and one daughter. Address: Asheboro, N. C. 



A. R. McPHAIL. 

A. R. McPhail, Democrat, Representative from Richmond County, 
was born near Clinton, N. C, March 2, 1883. Son of J. R. and 
Martha Ann (Westbrook) McPhail. Educated Glencoe Institute, 
Horner's Military School, 1899-1900; Trinity College, 1903-1907; and 
at the Law' School of the University of North Carolina, 1907-1908. 
Attorney at law. Mason and Elk. Methodist. Married Miss Lily 
Lyon, May, 1909. One child, a girl. Address: Rockingham, N. C. 



HOWARD C. MacNAIR. 

Howard C. MacNaik, Democrat, Representative from Robeson 
County, was born at Cowper Hill, N. C, October 23, 1863. Son of 
Murphy C. and M. Elizabeth (Stubbs) MacNair. Educated in the 

20 , J ^! 



306 Biographical Sketches. 

public schools of Robeson County, 1872-1881; attended McMillan's 
Military School, 1881-83; Floral College, N. C. Farmer and real 
estate agent. President of Maxton Real Estate Building and Devel- 
opment Company, 1909-1912; president Carolina Electric Company, 
1901-1912; secretary Maxton Realty Company; first vice-president 
and director Maxton Commercial Club, 1909-1912. Member Robeson 
County Board of Commissioners, 1907-1908, and 1911-1912. Presby- 
terian; deacon, 1898-1912. Married Miss Susannah Morrison, 1888. 
Seven children, four sons and three daughters. Address: Maxton, 
N. C. 



BENJAMIN FRANKLIN McMILLAN. 

Eexjamix Fraxklix McMillan, Democrat, Representative from 
Robeson County, was born at Red Springs, N. C, November 8, 1853. 
Son of John and Mary E. (Smith) McMillan. Educated at Red 
Springs Academy, 1860-61; public schools 1861-1871; Tusculum High 
School, 1871-1874; University of North Carolina. 1879-1880. M.D., 
University of Maryland, 1882. Physician. President County Medical 
Society, 1907-1908. President Fifth District Medical Society, 1909. 
Member North Carolina Medical Society; American Medical Society. 
Member County Democratic Executive Committee. Mason; Knight 
of Pythias. Presbyterian, elder. Married Miss Lou A. Purcell. 
Five children, three sons and two daughters. Address: Red Springs, 
N. C. 



J. THOMAS WALL. 

J. Thomas Wall. Democrat, Representative from Rockingham 
County, was born near Madison, N. C, in 1845. £on of Joshua S. 
and Carolina F. (Heggie) Wall. Educated at Beulah Male Institute. 
Member of Legislature 1911. Introduced the Ten-hour Bill. Farmer. 
Private Company "F," First Regiment Eng. Corps, under General 
Lee. Baptist; deacon twenty years. Married, April, 1879, Miss 
Sadie A. Adkins. Ten children. Address: Stoneville, N. C, R.F.D. 



Representatives in General Assembly. 307 

WILLIAM IRWIN WITTY. 

William Irwin Witty, Democrat, of Rockingham County, was 
born in Rockingham County, N. C, June 8, 1853. Son of Ezekiel and 
Martha J. (Williams) Witty." Educated at public schools, Hillsdale 
School, 1867-1873; Yadkin College, 1874-1875. Farmer and surveyor. 
County Surveyor, 1884-1886. County Commissioner, 1895-96, 1905- 
1906. Justice of the Peace, 1881-1911. Representative in General 
Assembly from Rockingham County, 1909, 1911. Baptist. Married, 
in 1890, Miss Carrie Cummings. Ten children. Address: Summer- 
field, N. C, R.P.D. 



PRITCHARD SYLVESTER CARLTON. 

Pritchard Sylvester Carlton, Democrat, Representative from 
Rowan County, was born in Duplin County, N. C, August 2, 1878. 
Son of Sylvester M. and Virginia Emma (Wells) Carlton. Educated 
at Warsaw High School, 1888-1895; at Wake Forest College, A.B., 
1899. Orator from Phi. Society for anniversary, 1899. Elected by 
faculty as commencement speaker. Won Senior orator's medal in 
Phi. Society, 1899. Attended Wake Forest College Law School, 1902- 
1903. Lawyer. Member of Knights of Pythias, I. 0. O. F.; lodge 
deputy and representative to Grand Lodge, K. of P., for four years, 
1908-12. Baptist. Superintendent of Sunday School, church treas- 
urer, 1909-12. For three years after graduation from Wake Forest 
College, held chair of Latin and English in the Atlantic Collegiate 
Institute, Elizabeth City, N. C, 1899-1902. Address: Salisbury, N. C. 



WALTER MURPHY. 

Walter Murphy, Democrat, Representative from Rowan County, 
was born in Salisbury, N. C, October 24, 1872. Son of Andres and 
Helen (Long) Murphy. Educated at the University of North Caro- 
lina. Editor in chief of Tar Heel: president U. N. C. Athletic Asso- 
ciation; president Law Class; football team, 1889-93. Attended Uni- 
versity Law School, 1892-94. Lawyer. Managing editor of Univer- 
sity of N. C. Alutnni Review. Trustee University of North Carolina 
since 1905. General secretary of the Alumni of the University of 



308 Biographical Sketches. 

North Carolina. Trustee State Hospital for the Cure of Tuberculosis 
since 1907. Member State Democratic Executive Committee since 
1898. City Attorney for Salisbury, 1903-8; member General Assembly 
1897-1901-03-05-07-13. Reading Clerk State Senate, 1899. Elector 
at large for North Carolina, 1908. B. P. O. E., District Deputy for 
North Carolina, 1905-6; F. O. E.; Red Men; Knights of Pythias; 
Sigma Nu Fraternity. Episcopalian. Married Miss Maude Harvey, 
1903. Two children, one son and one daughter. Address: Salis- 
bury, N. C. 



ORUS REID COFFIELD. 

Orrus Reid CoFFiELD, Democrat, Representative from Rutherford 
County, was born in Harnett County, N. C, December 3, 1876. Son 
of Robert P. and Henrietta (Betts) CoflBeld. Received his academic 
education at public school, 1883-92. Railroad station agent and tele- 
graph operator. Member of Knights of Pythias since 1900; district 
deputy, 1906-7. Methodist. Married Miss Ada Martin, January 15, 
1908. Two children, one girl and one boy. Address: Ellenboro, 
N. C. 



CYRUS MILLS PAIRCLOTH. 

Cyrus Mills Faircloth, Republican, Representative from Samp- 
son County, was born near Salemburg, in Sampson County, N. C, 
December 1, 1876. Son of James and Elizabeth (Averett) Faircloth. 
Attended public preparatory schools and Oakhurst Academy in 
Sampson County. Studied law at University of Ngrth Carolina, 1897. 
Lawyer. County Attorney for four years. Secretary Sampson 
County Bar Association. Member of Board of Commissioners of 
town of Clinton for eight years, and for six years was Clerk and 
Treasurer of the town. Enlisted in Sampson Light Infantry, 18S8; 
served as private, corporal, sergeant, first sergeant, second lieutenant, 
and captain. Elected Major of Third Battalion of the Second Infan- 
try, N. C. N. G., 1912. Mason; Master of Hiram Lodge, 1909-10; 
appointed District Deputy Grand Master in 1910, and still holds that 
position. Methodist. Married Miss Alice Wade in 1899. Four chil- 
dren, two sons and two daughters. Address: Clinton, N. C. 



U 



Representatives in General Assembly. 309 

WALTER HERBERT WEATHERSPOON. 

Walter Herbert Weathekspoon, Democrat, Representative from 
Scotland County, was born in Durliam County, N. C, February 7, 
1884. Son of William H. and Cynthia Anne Weatherspoon. Edu- 
cated at Cary High School, 1901-1903; Wake Forest College, A.B., 
1907. Member Glee Club four years; president Y. M. C. A., 1906; 
anniversary debater, 1906; Wake Forest-Mercer University debater, 
1906; commencement orator, 1907. Lawyer. Recorder of Town of 
Laurinburg, 1909-1910. Representative from Scotland County, 1911. 
Fraternal order: K. of P. (present Chancellor Commander, Scotland 
Lodge, No. 27). Baptist. Married, July 28, 1909, Miss Maude Lee. 
Address: Laurinburg, N. C. 



RUFUS E. AUSTIN. 

RuFus E. Austin, Democrat, Representative from Stanly County. 
Educated at University of North Carolina. Address: Albemarle, 
N. C. 



DeWITT VALENTINE CARROLL. 

DeWitt Valentine Carroll, Republican, Representative from 
Stokes County, was born in Stokes County, January, 1860. Son of 
Hardy R. and Minnie J. (Gibson) Carroll. Received his academic 
education at Dalton Institute, 1887. Parmer. Register of Deeds for 
Stokes County, 1887-1888, 1891-96. Assistant Enrolling Clerk Legis- 
lature, 1897. Member Jr. 0. U. A. M., Councillor, delegate to State 
Council, 1912. Member of Farmers' Educational and Cooperative 
Union of America; president of Local Union, 1911-12. Baptist; 
church clerk for sixteen years; deacon and trustee. Married Miss 
Sallie A. Lewis, December, 1879. Eleven children, six sons and five 
daughters. Address: Mizpah, N. C. 



RUFUS LAFAYETTE HAYMORE. 

RuFus Lafayette Haymore, Republican, of Surry County, was 
born in Surry County in 1851. Lawyer. County Commissioner, 1883. 



310 Biographical Sketches. 

Mayor of Mount Airy, N. C, 1897. Representative in General Assem- 
bly of 1909. State Senator, 1911. Baptist; church treasurer; Sunday 
School superintendent. 1896, 1897, 1898. Address: Mount Airy, N. C. 



GALA P. FERGUSON. 

Gala P. Fergusox. Republican, Representative from Swain County. 
Address: Bryson City, N. C. 



CHARLES B. DEAVER. 

Charles B. Deaver. Republican, Representative from Transylvania 
County, was born in Rutherford County, February, 1875. Son of 
William N. and Mary L. (Green) Deaver. Educated in the public 
schools, Judson High School, and at Trinity and Wake Forest col- 
leges. Lawyer. Was in the United States Internal Revenue Service, 
1897-1910. Member of the Knights of Pythias and Masons, having 
held nearly every office in the subordinate lodge. Knights of Pythias, 
and was elected Chancellor Commander of Statesville Lodge twice in 
succession. Member of Grand Lodge, Knights of Pythias of North 
Carolina. Has written numerous poems; made political speeches, ad- 
dresses at banquets, etc. Married Miss Nettie Loftis, 1898. Address: 
Brevard, N. C. 



MARK MAJETTB. 

Mark Majette, Democrat, of Tyrrell County, was born at Como, 
Hertford County, N. C, September 19, 1865. Son of William Jethro 
and 0. V. J. (Barnes) Majette. Educated at Buckhorn Academy 
(Como, N. C), University of North Carolina. Studied law at Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. Lav,ryer. Chairman Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, Tyrrell County, 1892-1894. Mayor of Columbia, 1888- 
1900, 1905-1907. Representative in General Assembly in 1909 and 
1911. Fraternal orders: Masons, Jr. O. U. A. M. Baptist. Mar- 
ried, July, 1896, Mrs. Bettie S. Picot (Jice Jordan). Address: Co- 
lumbia, N. C. 



Representatives in General Assembly. 311 

JOHN CUTHBERT SIKES. 

John Cuthbert Sikes, Democrat, Representative from Union 
County, was born in Union County, N. C, August 31, 1880. Son of 
Jolin Cuthbertson and Jane Austin Sikes. Educated in Ttie Wingate 
Scliool, Wingate, N. C, 1896-1898 (first student to enter that institu- 
tion) ; Wake Forest College, 1902, and post-graduate, 1903, A.B. and 
LL.B. Anniversary debater; Senior speaker; commencement orator; 
won debater's medal, 1899; manager athletics, 1902-1903. Lawyer. 
Baptist; trustee The Wingate School (the first student to become a 
trustee). Representative in the General Assembly of 1911. Deliv- 
ered oration at laying the corner stone of the Confederate monu- 
ment, Monroe, N. C, June 10, 1910. Married, June 20, 1906, Miss 
Maggie Harwood Crowell. Three children. Address: Monroe, N. C. 



HENRY LAWSON PRICE. 

Henry Lawson Price, Democrat, Representative from Union 
County, was born in Union County, N. C, August, 1871. Son of J. M. 
and Sarah E. (McNeely) Price. Educated at Wesley Chapel public 
school, and at Trinity College, 1891-92. Merchant and farmer. 
Director Merchants and Farmers Bank of Monroe. County Commis- 
sioner for Union County, 1902-6. Chairman of Board of County Com- 
missioners, 1904-1906. Modern Woodmen of America, clerk. Meth- 
odist; teacher in Sunday School. Married Miss Nora Winchester. 
Nine children, seven boys and two girls. Address: Monroe, N. C. 



ISAAC JONES YOUNG. 

Isaac Jones Young, Democrat, Representative from Vance County, 
was born in Henderson, April 25, 1873. Son of W. W. and Annie E. 
(Young) Young. Received his academic education in private schools 
of Henderson. Real estate agent. City Alderman, 1906-1909. Meth- 
odist. Married Miss Celestia Jones Gill. Three children, one son 
and two daughters. Address: Henderson, N. C, R.F.D. 



312 Biographical Sketches. 

MALLIE ASA GRIFFIN. 

Mallik Asa Griffin, Democrat, Representative from Wake County, 
was born at Stanhope, N. C, May 19, 1869. Son of Presley and Mar- 
garet Griffin. Educated at Wakefield Classical and Mathematical 
School, 1885-87. L.I. of University of Nashville (Tenn.), 1891. Real 
estate and lumber business. Member of Lumbermen's Hoo-Hoo So- 
ciety. Odd Fellow, Knight of Pythias, and Farmers' Union. Married, 
August 28, 1891, to Miss Sallie J. Richardson. Has seven children, 
four girls and three boys. Address: Stanhope, N. C. 



ERNEST T. MILLS. 

Ernest T. Mills, Democrat, Representative from Wake County, 
was born in Wake County, November 15, 1877. Son of Josh H. and 
Mary (Whitehead) Mills. Received his academic education at Green 
Level. Merchant and farmer. Mason; has held every office in the 
lodge; Master at present. Baptist. Married Miss Ida Maj' Lassiter. 
Address: Apex, N. C, R.F.D. 



JULIAN WILDER BUNN. 

Julian Wilber Bunn, Democrat, Representative from Wake Coun- 
ty, was born at Wakefield, N. C, March 24, 1883. Son of C. D. and 
Bettie A. (Young) Bunn. Received his academic education in the 
Wakefield High School, 1900-3. B.L. of Wake Forest College, 1907. 
President of Law Class; vice chairman or assistant judge of "Moot" 
Court. Attorney at law. Baptist. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



FRANK B. NEWELL. 

Frank B. Newell. Democrat, Representative from Warren County, 
was born in Warren County, May 5, 1867. Son of John D. and Emily 
(Brame) Newell. Received his early education at Oakville School, 
Hugins School, and the public schools, 1875-1885. Farmer and mer- 
chant. Engaged in work in connection with the United States De- 
partment of Agriculture. Justice of the Peace and County Commis- 



Representatives in General Assembly. 313 

sioner. Member of the Farmers' Union. Methodist; trustee. Has 
made 300 speeches in Nortli Carolina for the State and National De- 
partments of Agriculture, from 1908-1913. Married Miss Columbia 
Gray Egerton, October 29, 1890. Ten children, three daughters and 
seven sons. Address: Warrenton, N. C. 



CHARLES W. SNELL. 

Charles W. Snell, Republican, of Washington County, vi^as born 
in Washington County, N. C, November 8, 1858. Son of Silas H. 
and Frances A. (Leary) Snell. Educated at Pantego Academy, 1879; 
J. A. W. Thompson High School (Siler City, N. C), 1888; Smith's 
Commercial College (Lexington, Ky.), 1892. Merchant and farmer. 
Chairman of Republican County Executive Committee of Washington 
County. Representative in General Assembly from Washington 
County, 1887, 1891, 1909. Fraternal order: Masons. Disciple. Mar- 
ried, November 19, 1897, Miss Eva V. Leggett. Address: Mackeys 
Ferry, N. C. 



JOHN WAIGHSTILL HODGES. 

John Waighstill Hodges, Republican, Representative from Wa- 
tauga County, was born in Granger County, Tenn., April 2, 1866. Son 
of Dillard Burton and Eliza (Northan) Hodges. Educated at New 
River Academy. Merchant and farmer. Register of Deeds, 1894-1898, 
for Watauga County; chairman of Board of County Commissioners, 
1902-4; Sheriff, 1904-1908; chairman Republican County Executive 
Committee, 1910-12. Alderman Town of Boone, 1911. Mason; Junior 
Warden, 1912. Baptist. Married Miss Mattie Hopkins, March, 1895. 
Five children, four boys and one girl. Address: Boone, N. C. 



FREDERICK RANDOLPH MINTZ. 

Fkeuerick Randolph Mintz, Democrat, Representative from Wayne 
County, was born at Southport, N. C, May 11, 1883. Son of J. W. and 
Emma (Grissom) Mintz. Attended the public schools of Brunswick 



314 Biographical Sketches. 

County, Southport High School, and private schools. Editor Mount 
Olive Tribune. Farmer; real estate dealer. President Mount Olive 
^Merchants' Association; member Chamber of Commerce; member 
Democratic Executive Committee, Wayne County. Knight of 
Pythias; Chancellor Commander; Deputy Grand Chancellor for Third 
District, 1909. Methodist; steward, president of Epworth League. 
Married Miss Carrie McGee. One son. Address: Mount Olive, N. C. 



EVERETT ALLEN STEVENS. 

Everett Axlex Stevex.s. Democrat, Representative from Wayne 
County, was born in Wayne County, January 31, 1859. Son of Need- 
ham B. and Mary. (Smith) Stevens. Attended Woodland Academy in 
1878. Farmer. Was the only Democratic commissioner elected in 
Wayne in 1896; elected again in 1898, and made chairman of that 
body for two years. Elected Sheriff in 1902 and served in that 
capacity for eight years. Methodist; steward for twenty-five years. 
Married Miss Nancy E. Durham, December, 1892. Seven children, 
five boys and two girls. Address: Goldsboro, N. C. 



LINVILLB BUMGARNER. 

LiNviLLE Bumgarner, Republican, Representative from Wilkes 
County. Address: M'^ilkesboro, N. C. 



GEORGE WHITFIELD CONNOR. 

George Whitfield Coxnor, Democrat, Representative from Wilson 
County. (See page 276.) 



WADE REAVIS. 

Wade Reavis. Republican, Representative from Yadkin County, 
was born at Hamptonville, N. C, December 20, 1876. Son of Charles 
S. and Esther L. (Segraves) Reavis. Educated at East Bend High 



Representatives in General Assembly. 31" 

School; Yadkinville Normal School; "Wake Forest College, B.A., 1898; 
Georgetown University, B.L., 1902; Lawj-er. Superintendent of Edu- 
cation, Yadkin County, 1899-1900. Representative from Yadkin 
County, General Assembly, session 1911. Fraternal order: A. F. and 
A. M., Hickory Lodge, No. 512. Address: Hamptonville, N. C. 



CHARLES HUTCHINS. 

Charles Hutchins, Democrat, Representative from Yancey County. 
Address: Burnsville, N. C. 



PART X. 



REGISTER OF COLONIAL OFFICIALS, 1663-1776. 



1 LoKDS Propkietors of Carolina. 

2. Chief Executives. 

3. Councilors. 

4. Secretaries. 

5. Treasurers. 

6. Attorneys-General. 

7. Chief Justices. 

8. Presidents of the Council, or Upper House of the General 

Assembly. 

9. Officials of the House of Commons. 

10. Members of the House of Commons. 

11. Officers and Members of Provincial Congresses. 

12. Members of Provincial Council. 

13. Members of Council of Safety. 



THE LORDS PROPRIETORS OF CAROLINA. 

By two separate charters, dated March 20, 1663, and June 30, 1665, 
King Charles II granted Carolina to the following Lords Proprietors: 

Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon. 

George Monk, Duke of Albemarle. 

William, Lord Craven, and later Earl of Craven. 

John, Lord Berkeley. 

Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley, and later Earl of 

Shaftesbury. 
Sir George Carteret, Baronet. 
Sir William Berkeley, Knight. 
Sir John Colleton, Baronet. 

The subsequent ownership of the shares held by the above men- 
tioned Lords Proprietors is given in the "History of North Caro- 
lina" (Vol. I, p. 51), by Ashe, as follows: 

"After Clarendon's death, his share was bought by Seth Sothel, 
on whose death in 1694 it was assigned to Thomas Amy, a London 
merchant, who had been very active in promoting colonization. 
Eventually this share passed to Honorable James Bertie, after 
whom the county of Bertie was named. 

"The share of the Duke of Albemarle was acquired by John 
Granville, Earl of Bath, who dying in 1701, was succeeded by his 
son, John, Lord Granville. In 1709 the Duke of Beaufort acquired 
this share and devised it to James Bertie in trust for his sons, 
Henry and Charles Somerset. His name appears in a county and in 
the seaport town called in his honor, when he was Palatine. 

"The Earl of Craven's share, he having no descendants, passed to 
his grand-nephew, William, Lord Craven, whose son William, Lord 
Craven, succeeded him. That name is also perpetuated in a county. 

"The share of John Lord Berkeley came to his son, John, an ad- 
miral of great merit; but it had been forfeited, and in April, 1698, 
was sold to Joseph Blake, on whose death it descended to his son of 
the same name. 

"On the death of Shaftesbury, his share passed to his son. Lord 
Ashley. 



320 Colonial Officials. 

"George Carteret dying in 1679, was succeeded by his infant son, 
who was represented by the Earl of Bath. This second George 
Carteret dying about 1695, was succeeded by his son, George Carteret, 
who at the time of the purchase by the Crown in 1729, was lieuten- 
ant-governor of Ireland, and in 1742 overthrew Walpole's adminis- 
tration and became prime minister. About that time, on the death 
of his mother, the Countess of Granville, he became Lord Granville. 
He would not sell his share to the Crown, and in 1744 it was set 
apart to him in the northern part of North Carolina. After the 
Revolution it was held by the State, although his heirs brought suit 
to recover it, but failed in the courts. 

"On the death of Sir William Berkeley, 1677, his share was sold 
by his widow to John Archdale for his son Thomas. Afterward in 
1684 she and her husband, Philip Ludwell, sold it again to Sir Peter 
Colleton for 300 pounds. Sir Peter purchased it for himself and 
three other Proprietors and the title was conveyed to Thomas Amy 
in trust for them. 

"In 1705 this share was acquired by John Archdale, who in 1709 
conveyed it to John Dawson, his son-in-law. Later it was sold by 
decree of the Court of Chancery and purchased by Hugh Watson as 
trustee for Henry and James Bertie. 

"Sir John Colleton's share on his death in 1666 descended to his 
son. Sir Peter, who held it until 1694, and who was succeeded by his 
son, Sir Peter Colleton. All of the shares were bought by the 
Crown in 1729, except that of Sir George Carteret." 



CHIEF EXECUTIVES. 



GOVERNORS OF "VIRGINIA." 

Apr. . ., 1585— June . ., 1586 Ralph Lanei 

Apr. . ., 1587— Aug. . ., 1587 John Whitei 

CHIEF EXECUTIVES UNDER THE PROPRIETORS. 

Oct. . ., 1663— Oct. . ., 1667 William Drummondz 

Oct. ..,1667— Dec. ..,1669 Samuel StephensS;* 

Oct. . ., 1670— May . ., 1673 Peter Carterets 

May ..,1673— Nov. ..,1676 John Jenkins^ 

Nov. . ., 1676^ . ., 1678 Thomas Eastchurch3;6 

1677 — Thomas Miller^ 

, ., 1677 — . ., 1678 John Culpeppers 

. ., 1678— Seth Sothel3;9 

Feb. . ., 1679— Aug. . ., 1679 John Harvey3 

Nov. . ., 1679 — . ., 1681 John Jenkinss 

. ., 1682— . ., 1689 Seth Sothels 

Dec. . ., 1689— . ., 1691 Philip Ludwells 

Nov. 2,1691— ..,1694 Philip Ludwellio 

. ., 1691 — . .,1694 Thomas Jarvisn 

Aug. 31, 1694— . ., 1696 John Archdaleio 

. .,1694— . ., 1699 John Harveyn 

. ., 1699— Aug. 14, 1704 Henderson Walkers 

. ., 1704— . ., 1705 Robert Daniel^ 

. ., 1705— . ., 1706 Thomas Caryu 

. ., 1706 — . ., 1708 William Glovers 

. ., 1708— Jan. . ., 1711 Thomas Carys 

. ., 1710— May 9, 1712 Edward Hyde? 

May 9, 1712— Sept. 8, 1712 Edward Hydei2 

Sept. 12, 1712— May 28, 1714 Thomas Pollocks 

May 28, 1714— Mar. 26, 1722 Charles Edens 

Mar. 30, 1722— Aug. 30, 1722 Thomas Pollocks 

Aug. 30, 1722— Jan. 15, 1724 William Reeds 

Jan. 15, 1724— July 17, 1725 George Burringtons 

July 17, 1725— May . ., 1728 Richard Everards 

21 



322 CoLoxiAL Officials. 

GOVERNORS UNDER THE CROWN. 

May . ., 1728— Feb. 25, 1731 Richard Everard^s 

Feb. 25, 1731— Apr. 15, 1734 George Burringtoni* 

Apr. 15, 1734— Oct. 27, 1734 Nathaniel Rices 

Oct. 27, 1734— July 17, 1752 Gabriel Johnstoni* 

July 17, 1752— Nov. 2, 1754 Matthew Rowans 

Nov. 2, 1754— Mar. 28, 1765 Arthur Dobbsi* 

Mar. 28, 1765— Dec. 20, 1765 William Tryonis 

Dec. 20, 1765— July 1, 1771 William Tryoni* 

July 1, 1771— Aug. 12, 1771 James Hasells 

Aug. 12, 1771— May . . , 1775 Josiah Martini* 

NOTES. 

'Appointed by Sir Walter Raleigh. 

-Appointed by Sir William Berkeley at the request of the other Lords Proprietors. 

'Appointed by the Lords Proprietor. 

^Died in office. 

sActing-Govcmor by virtue of his office as President of the Council. 

^Died before qualifying. 

'Dep uty of Gov. Eastchurch. Deposed by the rebels under John Culpepper. 

^Elected by the rebels. 

'On his way to Carolina he was captured by pirates and detained until 1682. 

'"Governor of all Carolina with headquarters at Charleston. Governed North Caro- 
lina through a deputy. This plan was followed until 1712. 

' 'Deputy-Governor. 

'^The first governor of North Carolina as a separate and distinct province. Appointed 
by the Lords Proprietors. 

'^Continued in office during the transfer of the province from the Lords Proprietors to 
the Crown. 

'■•Appointed by the Crown. 

' "Lieutenant-Governor. 



Goveknor's Council. 323 



PRESIDENTS OF THE PROVINCIAL COlNCIL.i 

Oct. 18,1775 — Mar. 5,1776 Cornelius Harnett, New Hanover. 

June 5, 1776 — Aug. 21, 1776 Cornelius Harnett,^ New Hanover. 

Aug. 21, 1776— Sept. 27, 1776 Samuel Ashe,2 New Hanover. 

Sept. 27, 1776— Oct. 25, 1776 Willie Jones, Halifax. 

ME3IBERS OF THE GOVERNOR'S COlNCIL.i 

Note. — -Names are spelled as they appear in the lists preceding the journals of each 
session, with variations or modern forms in brackets. 

Samuel Stephens, Governor. 
Oct. [?], 1667- 

1670 John Jenkins 

1670 John Willoughby 

1670 Peter Carteret 

1670 [Francis?] Godfrey 

Thomas Eastchurch, Governor 
Nov. 21, 1676-1677. 

1677 James Hill 

1677 Timothy Biggs 

1677 • John Nixon 

John Harvey, Deputy Governor. 
Feb. 5, 1678 [79]-Aug. [?J, 1679. 

1679 Richard Ffoster [Foster] 

1679 John Willoughby 

1679 John Jenkins 

1679 Anthony Slocum 

1679 Robert Holden 



iThe Provincial Council (after April 1776 called Council of Safety) was the chief execu- 
tive authority of the revolutionary government during the interval from the overthrow 
of the royal government in 1775 until the inauguration of the independent State govern- 
ment Jan. 1, 1777. 

^Resigned. 



324 Colonial Officials. 

John Jenkins, Deputy Governor. 
Nov., 1679-1681. 

1679 [80] Richard Pfoster [Foster] 

1679 [80] John Willoughby 

1679[80] Will[ia]m Crawford 

1679 [80] Rob[er]t Holden 

John Archdale, Governor. 
Aug. 31, 1694- 

Thomas Harvey, Deputy Governor. s 
Sept. [?], 1694-July 3, 1699. 

1694 Hon[ora]ble Ffrancis Tomes [Francis Jones?] 

1694 Benjamin Lakar 

1694 Maj[o]r Sam[ue]l Swann. 

1694 Dan [ie] 1 Akehurst 

1694 Col [one] 1 Thomas Pollock 

1699 Capt[ain] Henderson Walker 

Hendebson Walker, Deputy Governor. 
Dec. 3, 1699-1704. 

1702[3]-1704 Sam[ue]l Swanne [Swann] 

1702[3]-1704 Ffrancis Toms [Francis Jones?] 

1702[3]-1704 W[illia]m Glover 

Thomas Cary, Deputy Governor. 

1705-1707. 

1705 Thomas Pollock 

1705 Samuel Swann 

1705 John Arderne 

1705 Edward Moseley 

William Glover, President of the Council. 
1707-Aug., 1708. 

1707 Edward Moseley 

1707 Fran [cis] Foster 

1707 Samuel Swann 



Goverxor's Couxcil. 325 

Edward Hyde, President. 
1711. 



1711 [Christopher de] Graffenried 

1711 Tho [mas] Pollocl?: 

1711 W[illiam] Glover 

1711 Tho [mas] Boyd 

1711 Rich[ar]d Sanderson 

1711 N [athaniel] Chevin 

1711[12] W[illia]m Reed 

1711 [12] Tho [mas] Peterson 

Edward Hyde, Governor. 
Jan. 24, 1711[12]-Sept. 8, 1712. 

1712 Tho [mas] Pollock 

1712 Nath [aniel] Chevin 

1712 Tho [ma] s Boyd 

1712 Will[ia]m Reed 

1712 Tobias Knight 

1712 Tho [ma] s Peterson 

Thomas Pollock, President. 
Sept. 12, 1712-May 28, 1714. 

• 

1712-1714 Tho [mas] Boyd 

1712-1714 Nath [aniel] Chevin 

1712-1714 W[illia]m Reid [Reed] 

1712-1714 Tobt. [Tobias] Knight 

1712-1714^ Maj[o]r Christopher Gale 

Charles Eden, Governor. 
May 28, 1714-March 26, 1722. 

1714-1722 Tho[ma]s Pollock 

1714 Tho [ma] s Boyd^ 

1714-1722 .N [athaniel] Chevin 

1714-1722 To [bias] Knight 

1714-1722 Maj[o]r Christo[pher] Gale 

1714-1722 W[illia]m Reed 



326 Colonial Officials. 

1714-1722 Ffrancis Ffoster [Francis Foster] 

1716-1722 Capt[ai]n Frederick Jones 

1717-1722 Rich[ar]d Sanderson 

1720-1722 John Lovick 

Thomas Pollock, President.3 
March 26, 1722-Aug. 30, 1722. 

1722 Will[iam] Reed 

1722 Fra[ncis] Foster 

1722 Rich[ar]d Sanderson 

1722 John Lovick 

1722 Christoph[e]r Gale 

1722 Tho[ma]s Pollock, Jun[io]r 

William Reed, President. 
Aug. 30, 1722-Jan. 15, 1723 [24]. 

1722-1723 [24] Christopher Gale 

1722-1723 [24] Richard Sanderson 

1722-1723 [24] John Lovick 

1722-1723 [24] Thomas Pollock 

1722-1723 [24] John Blount 

1722-1723 [24] Fra[ncis] Foster 

1723-1724 • . M [aurice] Moore 

George Burrington, Governor. 
Jan. 15, 1723[24]-July 17, 1725. 

1723[24]-1725 William Reed 

1723[24]-1725 John Lovick 

1723[2.4]-1725 Edward Moseley 

1723[24]-1725 John Blount 

1723[24]-1725 Tho[ma]s Pollock 

1723[24]-1725 A[rthur] Goffe 

1723[24]-1725 Rich[ar]d Sanderson 

1723 [-24] -1725 Thomas Harvey 

1724-1725 Chris [tophe]r Gale 

1724-1725 Fran[cis] Foster 



Governor's Council. 327 



1724-1725 Rob[er]t West 

1724-1725 M [aurice] Moore 

1724-1725 William Maule^ 

Sir Richard Everard, Governor 
July 17, 1725-Feb. 25, 1730 [31]. 

1725-1728 William Reed 

1725-1730 [31] Christopher Gale 

1725-1730 [31] John Lovick 

1725-1730[31] Edward Moseley 

1725-1730 [31] Francis Foster 

1725-1730 [31] Thomas Pollock 

1725-1730 [31] Thomas Harvey 

1725-1730[31] John Palin 

1725 Henry Claytons 

1725-1726 John Blount3 

1725-1730[31] Richard Sanderson 

1725-1730 [31] Robert West 

1726-1730 [31] Edmond Gale 

1726-1730 [31] John Worley 

1727 Richard Fitzwilliams'i 

17[?]-1730[31] Roger Mo(ft-e6 

George Burrington, Governor. 
Feb. 25, 1730[31]-Nov. 2, 1734. 

1730[31]-1734 William Smith 

1731-1732 Joseph Jenoures 

1730[31]-1734 Robert Halton 

1730[31]-1732 Edmund PorterT 

1731-1734 Nathaniel Rice 

1731-1734 John Bapt[ista] Ashe 

1731-1732 Cornelius Harnett^ 

1731-1734 Edmond Gale 

1731-1734 John Lovick 

1731[32]-1734 Matthew Rowan 

1732-1734 George Rhenny 

1733-1734 W[illia]m Owen 



328 Colonial Officials. 

Gabriel Johnston, Governor. 
Nov. 2, 1734-July 17, 1752. 

1734 James Stallards 

1734 Richard Eganss 

1734-1749 Robert Haltons 

1734-1750 Eleazer Aliens 

1734-1752 [?] Roger Moores 

1734-1749 [?] William Smiths 

1734-1752 Matthew Rowan 

1734-1749 . .• Edward Moseleys^ 

1732[33]-1752 Nathaniel Rice 

1734-1752 Cullen Pollocks 

1734[35]-1737[38] . .Edmund Porters 

1739[40]-1752 James Murray 

1740[41]-1751 William Forbes-? 

1749-1752 James Hasell 

1750-1752 James Innes 

1751-1752 John Rutherford 

1751-1752 Francis Corbin 

1751-1752 John Swann. 

Nathaniel Rice, {"resident-^ 
July 17, 1752-Jan. 29, 1753. 

1752-1753 Matthew Rowan 

1752-1753 James Murray 

1752-1753 James Hasell 

1752-1753 James Innes 

1752-1753 John Rutherford 

1752-1753 Francis Corbin 

1752-1753 John Swann 

Matthew Rowan, President. 
Jan. 29, 1753-Oct. 31, 1754. 

1753-1754 James Murray 

1753-1754 James Hasell 

1753-1754 James Innes 



Governor's Council. 329 



1753-1754 John Rutherford 

1753-1754 John Swann 

1753-1754 Lewis de Rosset 

1753-1754 Francis Corbin 

1753-1754 James Craven 

1753-1754 John Rieusset 

1754 John Dawson 

Arthur Dobbs, Governor. 
Oct. 31, 1754-March 28, 1765. 

1754-1760 Matthew Rowans 

1754-1757 James Murrayio 

1754-1765 James Hasell 

1754-1761 John Swanns 

1754-1759 James Inness 

1754-1762 John Dawsons 

1754-1762 John Rieussets 

1754-1765 Lewis Henry de Rossett 

1754-1760 Francis Corbinio 

1754-1765 .Alexander McCulloch 

1754-1765 '. . . .John Rutherfordi2 

1754-1755 James Cravens 

1754-1765 Henry Eustace McCulloch 

1756-1765 Edward Brice Dobb^ 

1757-1762 [?] Richard Spaights 

1760-1765 Charles Berry 

1760-1761 Maurice Moore 

1761-1765 John Sampson 

1764-1765 Robert Palmer 

1764-1765 William Dry 

1764-1765 Benjamin Heron 

William Tryon, Lieutenant-Governor. 
April 3, 1765-Dec. 20, 1765. 

1765 James Murrayis 

1765 James Hasell 

1765 John Rutherford 



330 Colonial Officials. 

1765 Lewis Henry de Rossett 

1765 William Dry 

1765 Robert Palmer 

1765 BenjaBiin Heron 

1765 John Sampson 

1765 Charles Berry 

1765 Alexander McCulloch 

William Trtox, Governor. 
Dec. 20, 1765-July 1, 1771. 

1765-1771 James Hasell 

1765-1771 John Rutherford 

1765-1771 Lewis Henry de Rossett 

1765-1767 Edward Brice Dobbsi* 

1765-1771 John Sampson 

1765-1770 Henry Eustace McCullochs 

1765-1771 Alexander McCulloch 

1765-1766 Charles Berryis 

1765-1771 William Dry 

1765-1771 Robert Palmer 

1765-1770 Benjamin Herons 

1767 James Murrayis 

1767-1771 Samuel Strudwick 

1770-1771 Samuel Cornell 

1770-1771 Martin Howard 

JosiAH Martin, Governor. 
Aug. 12, 1771-July 4, 1776.17 

1771-1776 James Hasell 

1771-1776 Martin Howard 

1771-1776 Samuel Cornell 

1771-1776 John Rutherford 

1771-1776 Lewis Henry de Rossett 

1771-1776 John Sampson 

1771-1776 Alexander McCulloch 

1771-1776 William Dry 



Governor's Council. 331 

1771-1776 Sir Nathaniel Dukenfield 

1771-1776 Marmaduke Jones 

1771-1776 Samuel Strudwick 

1775-1776 Thomas McGwire [McGuire] 

NOTES. 

'On account of the incompleteness of the records, and the frequent disturbances in the 
colony resulting frequently in rapid changes in' the government and sometimes in con- 
flicting claims of rival governments, it is impossible to make a complete register of Coun- 
cilors prior to the administration of Gov. Edward Hyde. The list since his administra- 
tion seems to be about complete, if not entirely so. For the hsts before Gov. Hyde the 
dates given are merely those at which the names listed first and last appear: they do not 
probably, always embrace the full terms served by the Councilors. 

-Resigned. 

^Died in office. 

^Succeeded Gale who had left the province. 

^Being Surveyor-General of the Customs and "being now in tliis Government in the 
Execution of his'Office and having instructions from the Crown to sit in Council in each 
and every of his Majestie's Governments that his business as Surveyor-General shall call 
him into?' he was admitted to a seat. Attended only one session. 

6His name nowhere appears in any of the Council Journals now extant, but he is men- 
tioned among the councilors in a protest against the re-appointment of George Burring- 
ton Governor of North Carolina. (Col. Rec. Ill, 123.) 

'Suspended by the Governor. 

^Appointed by the Crown, but never took his seat in the Council. 

sProm the death of Gov. Johnston, July 17, 1752, to his death, January 29, 1753. 

'"Suspended by the Governor in 1757, but re-instated by the Crown in 1763. 

"Suspended by the Governor and removed by the Crown. 

'^Suspended by the Governor in 1757, but re-instated by the Crown in 1762. 

I'Left the Colony in 1765 and never returned. 

i^Never took his seat. Resigned in 1767. 

'^Committed suicide December 21, 1766. _• 

i^His name having been accidentally omitted from the original instructions to the 
Governor, was restored in 1767, but he never took his seat. See note 12. 

"Gov. Martin's administration really came to an end in May 1775, when he fled from 
the Governor's residence at New Bern and took refuge in Fort Johnston at the mouth of 
the Cape Fear River; but ofiicially it came to an end July 4, 1776. 



332 Colonial Officials. 

SECRETARIES OF THE COLOM. 

ALBEMARLE. 

1675-1677 Robert Holden 

1677-1679 Thomas Miller 

1679-1684 Robert Holden 

1684-1685 Francis Hartley 

1685 Woodrowe 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

1694-1702 Daniel Akehurst 

1702-1712 Samuel Swann 

1712-1722 Tobias Knight 

1722-1730 John Lovick 

1730-1753 Nathaniel Rice 

1753-1754 James Murray 

1754-1755 Henry McCulloch 

1755-1762 Richard Spaight 

1762-1770 Benjamin Heron 

1770-1770 John London 

1770-1772 Robert Palmer 

1772-1775 Samuel Strudwicki 

f OLOMAL TREASURERS. 

Year District Treasurer 

1715-1740 Province-at-large Edward Moseley 

1740-1749 Southern District Edward Moseley 

1740-1748 Northern District. John Hodgson 

1749-1750 Southern District Eleazer Allen 

1748-1752 Northern District Thomas Barker 

1750-1756 Southern District John Starkey 

1752-1754 Northern District John Haywood 

1766-1773 Southern District John Ashe 

1773-1776 Southern District Richard Caswell 

1754-1766 Northern District Joseph Montfort 



^Thomas Falkner was appointed in 1761, but never qualified. He farmed out the office 
to Strudwick. 



Judicial Officers. 333 

ATTORNEY-GENERALS OF THE COLONY. 

1677-1679 George Durant 

1694 John Porter 

1703 Richard Plater 

1705 , Thomas Snowden 

1712-1713 Edward Bonwicke 

1716-1724 William Little 

1724-1725 Thomas Boyd 

1725-1731 William Little 

1731-1731 John Conner 

1731-1734 John Montgomery 

1734-1734 John Hodgson 

1734-1741 John Montgomery 

1741-1747 Joseph Anderson 

1747-1755 Thomas Child 

1755-1756 George Nicholas 

1756-1756 Charles Elliott 

1756-1766 Robert Jonesi 

1759-1766 Thomas Childi 

1766-1767 Marmaduke Jones 

1767 Thomas McGuire 

CHIEF JUSTICES. 

1669 Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of Shaftesburyi 

1712-1717 Christopher Gale 

1717-1718 Tobias Knight 

1718-1722 Frederick Jones 

1722-1724 Christopher Gale 

1724-1725 Thomas Pollock, Jr. 

1725-1731 Christopher Gale 

1731 William Smith 

1721-1732 John Palin 

1732-1733 William Little 

1733 Daniel Hanmer 

1733-1741 William Smith 

1741-1744 John Montgomerya 

>Jones and Child held commissions at the same time, but Child was in England dm'- 
■ ing part of his term. 



f 



334 CoLo.xiAL Officials. 

1744 Edward Moseley 

1744-1755 Enoch Hall 

1749-1755 James Hasells [ 

1755-1758 Peter Henley i 

1758 James Hasell \ 

1758-1766 Charles Berry ' 

1766-1767 James Hasell 

1767-1776 Martin Howard 

1774-1775 James Hasell* 

NOTES. 

'Elected under Locke's "Fundamental Constitutions," but never came to the colony. 

nn 1741, while Chief Justice Smith was absent in England, John Montgomery received 
a temporary appointment as chief justice. Judge Smith dj-ing in England, Judge Mont- 
gomery was commissioned chief justice in 1743. 

'Served as chief justice in the absence of Judge HaU. 

■•Served as chief justice in the absence of Judge Howard. 



OFFICIAL REGISTER OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY/ 



PRESIDEIVTS OF THE COUNCIL, OE UPPEE HOUSE. 

1673-1679 John Jenkins 

1699 Henderson Walker 

1706 William Glover 

1708 Jhomas Gary 

1711-1712 Edward Hyde 

1712-1722 Thomas Pollock 

1722-1723 William Reed 

1727-1729 Christopher Gale 

1731 William Smith 

1733 Nathaniel Rice 

1734-1740 William Smith 

1741-1750 Nathaniel Rice 

1751-1752 Matthew Rowan 

1753 James Murray. 

1754-1759 Matthew Rowan 

1759-1761 James Hasell 

1764 James Murray 

1765-1766 James Hasell 

1767 John Rutherford. 

1768-1775 James Hassell 

OFFICEES OF THE HOUSE OF C03IM0NS. 

SPEAKERS. 

1666 George Catchmaid Albemarle 

1675 Thomas Eastchurch 

1676 Thomas Cullen 

1697 John Porter ,. . Chowan 

1708 Edward Moseley Chowan 

1711 William Swann Albemarle 

1712 Thomas Snoden [Snowden] 

1715-1723 Edward Moseley Chowan 

1724 Thomas Swann 



336 Colonial Officials. 

Richard Everard, Governor. 

First Assembly. 
First session, Edenton, Nov. 1, 1725-Nov. 2, 1725. 
Second session, Edenton, Apr. 5, 1726-Apr. 13, 1726. 

Speaker (first session) Maurice Moore 

Speaker (second session) . .John Baptista Ashe Beaufort 

Clerk John Hicks 

George Burrington, Governor. 

First Assembly. 

Edenton, April 13, 1731-May 27, 1731. 

Speaker Edward Moseley Chowan 

Clerk Ayliffe Williams 

Second Assembly. 

Edenton, July 3, 1733-July 18, 1733. 

Speaker Edward Moseley Chowan 

Clerk Ayliffe Williams 

Third Assembly. 
Edenton, Nov. 5, 1733-Nov. 8, 1733. 

[House never organized, as the Council, or Upper House, failed to 
secure a quorum.] 

Fourth Assembly. 
Edenton, Nov. 6, 1734-Nov. 13, 1734. 

Speaker Edward Moseley Chowan 

Clerk Ahra[ham] Blackall Chowan 

Gabriel Johnston, Governor. 

First Assembly. 

Edenton, Jan. 15, 1734[1735]-Mar. 1, 1734 [1735]. 

Speaker William Downing ..Tyrrell 

Clerk Joseph Anderson 



The General Assembly. 337 

Second Assembly. 
Edenton, Sept. 21, 1736-Oct. 12, 1736. 

Speaker William Downing Tyrrell 

[Journals of the Lower House have been lost.] 

Third Assembly. 
First session, New Bern, Feb. 6, 1738[39]-Mar. 7, 1738[39]. 
Second session, New Bern, Mar. 7, 1738[39]-Mar. 8, 1738[39]. 
Third session. New Bern, Nov. 15, 1739. 

Speaker William Downing Tyrrell 

Clerk William Herritage 

Fourth Assembly. 

First session. New Bern, Feb. 5, 1739[40]-Feb. 27, 1739 [40 J. 

Second session, Edenton, July 31, 1740-Aug. 22, 1740. 

Speaker John Hodgson Chowan 

Clerk .William Herritage 

Fifth Assembly. 

First session, Edenton, Mar. 15, 1742-[?]. 

Second session, Edenton, July 22, 1743-July 27, 1743. 

Speaker Samuel Swann Onslow 

Sixth Assembly. 

First session, New Bern, Nov. 15, 1744-Dec. 4, 1744. 
Second session. New Bern, April 8, 1745-April 20, 1745. 

Speaker Samuel Swann Onslow 

Seventh Assembly. 

First session. New Bern, June 12, 1746-June 28, 1746. 
Second session, Wilmington, Nov. 21, 1746-Dec. 5, 1746. 

Speaker Samuel Swann Onslow 

Eighth Assembly. 

First session. New Bern, Feb. 25, 1746[47]-Mar. 7, 1746 [47]. 
Second session. New Bern, Oct. 2, 1747-Oct. 9, 1747. 
Third session. New Bern, Mar. 18, 1747[48]-April 6, 1748. 
Fourth and fifth sessions. Journals lost. 
22 



338 Colonial Officials. 

Sixth session, New Bern, Mar. 30, 1749-April 14, 1749. 
Seventh session. New Bern, Oct. 2, 1749-Oct. 18, 1749. 
Eighth session, New Bern, Mar. 28, 1750-April 9, 1750. 
Ninth session. New Bern, July 5, 1750-July 10, 1750. 
Tenth session, New Bern, Sept. 26, 1751-Oct. 12, 1751. 
Eleventh session. New Bern, April 2, 1752-April 15, 1752. 

Matthew Rowax, President of the Council. - 

Twelfth session. New Bern, Mar. 29, 1753-April 12, 1753. 
Thirteenth session, Wilmington, Feb. 19, 1754-Mar. 9, 1754. 

Speaker Samuel Swann Onslow 

Clerk William Herritage 

Abthub Dobbs, Governor. 
First Assembly. 

First session, New Bern, Dec. 12, 1754-Jan. 15, 1755. 
Second session. New Bern, Sept. 25, 1755-Oct. 15, 1755. 
Third session, New Bern, Sept. 30, 1756-Oct. 26, 1756. 
Fourth session, New Bern, May 16, 1757-May 28, 1757. 
Fifth session, New Bern, Nov. 21, 1757-Dec. 14, 1757. 
Sixth session, New Bern, April 28, 1758-May 4, 1758. 
Seventh session, New Bern, Nov. 23, 1758-Dec. 23, 1758. 
Eighth session, New Bern, May 8, 1759-May 18, 1759. 
Ninth session, Wilmington, Nov. 23, 1759-Jan. 9, 1760. 

Speakers John Campbell^ Bertie 

Samuel Swann Onslow 

Clerk William Herritage 

Second Assembly. 
First session, New Bern, April 24, 1760-May 23, 1760. 
Second session, New Bern, May 26, 1760-May 27, 1760. 
Third session, New Bern, June 30, 1760-July 14, 1760. 
Fourth session, Wilmington, Nov. 7, 1760-Dec. 3, 1760. 
Fifth session, Wilmington, Dec. 5, 1760-Dec. 6, 1760. 

Speaker Samuel Swann Onslow 

Clerk William Herritage 



The Generajl Assembly. 339 

Third Assembly. 

Wilmington, March 31, 1761-April 23, 1761. 

Speaker Samuel Swann Onslow 

Clerk William Herritage 

Fourth Assembly. 

First session, Wilmington, April 13, 1762-April 19, 1762. 
Second session, Wilmington, April 20, 1762-April 24, 1762. 
Third session, Wilmington, April 24, 1762-April 29, 1762. 

Speakers Samuel Swanns Onslow 

John Ashe New Hanover 

Clerk William Herritage 

Fifth Assembly. 

Wilmington, Nov. 3, 1762-Dec. 11, 1762. 

Speaker John Ashe New Hanover 

Clerk. William Herritage 

Sixth Assembly. 

First session, Wilmington, Feb. 3, 1764-March 10, 1764. 
Second session, Wilmington, Oct. 25, 1764-Nov. 26, 1764. 

William Tbyon, Lieutenant-Governor.c 

Third session. New Bern, May 3, 1765-May 18, 1765. 

Speaker John Ashe New Hanover 

Clerk William Herritage 

William Teyon, Governor. 

First Assembly. 

First session, New Bern, Nov. 3, 1766-Dec. 2, 1766. 
Second session, New Bern, Dec. 5, 1767-Jan. 16, 1768. 
Third session, New Bern, Nov. 7, 1768-Dec. 5, 1768. 

Speaker John Harvey Perquimans 

Clerk William Herritage 



340 Colonial Officials. 

Second Assem'bly. 
New Bern, Oct. 23, 1769-Nov. 6, 1769. 

Speaker John Harvey Perquimans 

Clerk James Green, Jr. 

Mace Bearer Benjamin Fordham 

Third Assembly. 
First session. New Bern, Dec. 5, 1770-Jan. 26, 1771. 

Speaker. Richard Caswell New Bern" 

Clerk James Green, Jr. 

Mace Bearer Benjamin Fordham 

JosiAH Martin, Governor. 
First Assem'bly. 
Second session.s New Bern, Nov. 19, 1771-Dec. 23, 1771. 

Second Assembly. 

New Bern,, Jan. 25, 1773-March 6, 1773. 

Speaker John Harvey Perquimans 

Clerk James Green, Jr. 

Mace Bearer Benjamin Fordham 

Third Assembly. 
First session. New Bern, Dec. 4, 1773-Dec. 21, 1773. 
Second session. New Bern, March 2, 1774-March 25, 1774. 

Speaker John Harvey Perquimans 

Fourth Assembly. 

New Bern, April 4, 1775-April 8, 1775.9 

Speaker John Harvey Perquimans 

Clerk James Green, Jr. 

Assistant Clerk James Glasgow 

Mace Bearer Benjamin Fordham 

NOTES. 

lUnder the Colonial Government the General Assembly met only at the call of the 
Governor, who alone had the authority to summon, prorogue, and dissolve that body. 
Assemblies, therefore, existed at the will of the Governor; hence the varying terms of the 
members and lengths of the sessions. Governors frequently prorogued sessions for a single 



The Generai, Assemblt. 341 



day in order that certain measures which had been passed or rejected and could not be re- 
considered at the same session, might be reconsidered at a new session. This explains 
the frequent very short sessions, and the brief periods that frequently elapsed between 
sessions. 

^Governor Johnston died July 1", 1752. Nathaniel Rice administered the government, 
as president of the Council, until his death, January 29, 1753. He was succeeded by Mat- 
thew Rowan, president of the Council, who served until the arrival of Governor Dobbs. 
President Rowan continued in existence the last Assembly elected during Governor John- 
ston's administration. 

■•Resigned . 

^Dec lined on account of his health. 

^Governor Dobbs died March 28, 1765, and Tryon administered the government as 
lieutenant-governor until his appointment as governor. 

'Lived in Dobbs county, but represented New Bern in the General Assembly. 

^The first ses.sion of the Assembly held during Martin's administration was the second 
session of the last Assembly elected during Tryon's administration. 

^The last Assembly held in North Carolina by authority of the British Crown. 



MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.* 

Note : Names are spelled as they appear in the lists of members preceding the journals 
of each session, with variations, or modern forms in brackets. 



1677.1 

Tho[mas] Collen, Speakers 
James Bl[o]unt 
Anthony Slocum 
John Vernham 
Henry Bonner 
John Jenkins 
Sam[uel] Pricklove 
Will[ia]m Therrill 
Caleb Calloway 
Alexander Lillington 
Wlll[ia]m Cra[w]ford 
Vallantine [Vallentine] Bird 
Will[ia]m Jen[n]ings 
Tho[mas] Jarvies [Jarvis] 
Enock Billings 
Rich[ard] Sanders 
Patrick White 
Will[ia]m Sears 
Francis Jones 
Christopher Nich[?] 

1711.1 

W[illia]m Swan[n], Speaker 

Fred[erick] Jones 

■W[illia]m Bray 

Rob[er]t Wallice [Wallace] 

James Coles 

Edward Smithwick 



John Jordan 

Tho[mas] Rolfe [Relfe?] 
Tho[mas] Long 
Rich[ar]d Terry 
Tho[mas] Lee 
Rich[ar]d Stamp 
Fran [cis] Delamere 
John Muncref 
Rich[ar]d Jasper 
John Bl[o]unt 
W[illla]m Read 
Tho[mas] Van Dorumlem 
Lay Reading 
Leonard Laftin 
Edward Boyner 

1712.1 

Tho[mas] Snoden, Speak[e]r 

Fred[erick] Jones 

Tho[mas] Harding 

Edw[ard] Moseley 

John Stepney 

Tho [mas] Luton 

John Byrd 

Tho [mas] Taylor 

Elaxander [Alexander] Spence 

John Ret [Rhett?] 

Edward Smethwick [Smithwick?] 

W[illia]m Linton 

W[illiam] Lufman 



*The members of the Governor's Council formed the Upper House. For a list of them 
see page 323-331. 



The Generajl Assembly. 343 

miscellane0us.3 

1725-1726 Maurice Moore 

1742-1743 Mr.[?] Barrers 

Mr.[?] Hill 

Christopher Reed 

Mr.[?] Bryan 

Caleb Wilson 

1746[47]-1747 John Sampson 

1760 James Cary [Cavy, or Cary, Jr.] 

1766-1768 Willie Jones 

ANSON. 

1746[47]-1754 Cha[rle]s Robinsonia 

Caleb Howellio 
1754-1760 Anthony Hutchings 

John Hamer 
1760 Anthony Hutchings 

Charles Robinson 
1761 Anthony Hutchings33 

Charles Robinson 
1762 [April] William Little 

John Dunn 
1762 [November] Nathaniel Alexander 

Anthony Hutchin[g]s 
1764-1765 Anthony Hutchin [g] s 

John Crawford 

John Crawford23 
1769 Samuel Spencer 

Matthew Raiford 
1770-1771 William Mask 

James Picket 
1773 [January] Charles Robinson 

Charles Robinson 
1773-1774 James Picket 

James Picket 

1766-1768 William Robeson [Charles Robinson]45 

1775 



344 CoLONiAi. Officials. 

BEAUFORT, 

BoBOUGH Members from Bath. 

1731 Rog[e]r Kennion [Kenyon] 

1733 [July] John Lahey [Lakey] 

1733 [November] John Leahey [Lahey or Lakey] 5 

1734 Rog[e]r Kenyon 

1734[35] Roger Kenyon 

1736 ■ [The Journal for this session has been lostjs 

1738[39]-1739 Col[onel] Robert Turner^ 

Richard Rigby^ 

1739[40]-1740 Rich[ar]d Rigby 

1742-1743 Robert Turners 

1744-1745 Michael Coutauch [Coutanch] 

1746 Wyriot Ormond 

1746[47]-1754 Michael Coutauch [Coutanch] le 

1754-1760 Wyriot Ormondis 

Michael Coutauch [Coutanch] is 

1760 Mich[ae]l Coutanch [Coutauch] 

1761 Michael Coutanche [Coutauch] 

1762 [April] Robert Palmer 

1762 [November] Wyriot Ormond 

1764-1765 Wyriot Ormond 

1766-1768 Patrick Gordonsr 

Peter Blinn 

1769 John Maule 

1770-1771 Wyriot Ormond 

1773 [January] Wyriot Ormond 

1773-1774 Wyriot Ormondso 

William Brownn 
1775 William Brown 

County Members. 

1725-1726 John Baptism Cushe [John Baptista Ashe] 

Jcs[ia]h Porter 
1731 Edw[ar]d Salter 

Sym[on] Alderson 



The General Assembly. 345 

1733 [July] Maj[o]r Rob[er]t Turner 

Doct[o]r Patr[ic]k Maul [Maule] 
1733 [November] Patrick Maull [Maule] 5 

Rob[er]t Turners 
1734 Ed [ward] Sailer [Salter] 

R[ober]t Turner 
1734 [35] Maj[o]r Rob[er]t Turner 

Doct[o]r Patr[ick] Maule 

1736 [Benjamin] Peytons 

1738[39]-1739 Benjamin Peytono 

1739[40]-1740 Benja[min] Peyton 

Simon [Symon] Alderson 

1742-1743 Benjamin Payton [Peyton] 

1744-1745 John Barrow 

Benjamin Peyton 
1746 John Barrow 

Benjamin Peyton 
1746[47]-1754 Benj[a,min] Payton [Peyton]9,i3 

John Barrow9 

Wyriot Ormondis 
1754-1760 John Hardy 

William Spier 
1760 John Barrow 

John Simpson 
1761 John Barrow 

Thomas Respess 
1762 [April] John Barrow 

Thomas Respess 
1762 [November] John Barrow 

James Ellison 
1764-1765 , John Barrow^i 

Thomas Bonnersi 
1766-1768 John Barron [Barrow?] 

Thomas Respess 
1769 Thomas Bonner 

Moses Hare 
1770-1771 James Bonner 

Moses Hare 



346 Colonial Officials. 

1773 [January] Thomas Respass fRespess] 

Roger Ormond 
1773-1774 Roger Oimondu 

Thomas Respess 
1775 Roger Ormond 

Thomas Respess, Jun[io]r 

BERTIE. 
1725-1726 W[illia]m Maule 

Arth[u]r Goffe 

James Castellaw 

Isa[ia]h [Isaac?] Hill 
1731 Authr [Arthur] Williams 

Jam[e]s Castlaw [Castellaw] 

Col [one] 1 Tho[mas] Pollock 

Isaac Hill 

Capt[ain] Geo[rge] Winns [Wynns] 
1733 [July] James Castel[l]aw 

Capt[ain] George Winn [Wynns] 

Arth[u]r Williams 

Isaac Hill 

W[illia]m Kinchen 
1733 [November] Jam [e] s Castellaws 

Ar[thu]r Williamss 

George Winn [Wynns]5 

Isaac Hillo 

John Harrolds 
1734 T. [James?] Castellaw 

Ar[thur] Williams 

G[eorge Winn [Wynns] 

J[ohn] Dav/son 

J[ohn] Hodgson 
1734[35] James Castel[l]aw 

Arth[u]r Williams 

George Wynn [Wynns] 

John Dawson 

John Harrold ) 

T , TT J r Equall [sic] votes'? 

John Hodgson j 



The General Assembly. 347 



1736 [Isaac?] Hills 

[Thomas?] Bryants 

1738[39;]-1739 Thomas Bryants 

James Castellawo 
Benjamin Hilln 
John Dawson" 
Arthur Williams" 

1739[40]-1740 Benja[min] Hill 

Ja[me]s Castel[l]awio 
Tho[ma]s Bryant 
John Dawson 
John Brown 

1742-1743 [Benjamin?] Hilli2 

[James] Castelawis 
[Thomas] Barkeri^ 

1744-1745 James Casteilaw 

Thomas Barker 
Benjamin Hilln 

1746 John Wynns 

1746[47]-1754 [See Note 17] 

1754-1760 John Campbell 

Thomas Whitmell 
Benj[amin] Wynns 

1760 William Williams 

John Hill 
William Gray 

1761 Cullen Pollock 

George Pollock 
William Gray 

1762 [April] Cullen Pollock 

Geo[rge] Pollock 
Rob[er]t West 

1762 [November] Cullen Pollock 

George Pollock 
William Gray 

1764-1765 : Cullen Pollocks* 

William Gray 
Thomas Pugh 



348 Colonial Officials. 

1766-1768 Cullen Pollock 

William Gray 

Robert Lennox-* 
1769 John Campbell 

Cullen Pollock 

Lilling[to]n Lockhart 
1770-1771.. John Campbell 

Lillington Lockhartis 

Ja[me]s Lockhart 

1773 [January] John Campbell 

1773-1774 John Campbell 

John Johnston 

David Stanley 
1775 John Campbell 

John Johns [t] on 

David Stanley 

BLADEN. 

1734 [35] Hugh Planing 

John Dolleson 
1736 Sir Richard Evarard [Everard]? 

Col[one]l William Forbess 
1738 [39] -1739 Sir Richard Everardo 

Col [one] 1 William Forbes" 
1739[40]-1740 S[i]r Rich[ar]d Everard, Bar[one]t 

Will[ia]m Bartram 
1742-1743 Thomas Robinson 

Thomas Brown 
1744-1745 Thomas Prown 

Joseph Clark 
1746 William Partram 

Joseph Clarkii 
1746[47]-1754 W[illia]m Partram 

Joseph Clark 
1754-1760 William Partram 

Isaac Jones 
1760 W[illia]m Partram 

Robert Howe 



< 



The General Assembly. 349 

1761 Robert Howe 

William Bartram 
1762 [April] Robert Hov/e 

William Bartram 
1762 [November] Hugh Waddell 

William Bartram 
1764-176.5 William Bartram 

Joseph Williams 
1766-1768 William Bartram 

Hugh Waddell 

1769 William McRee 

1770-1771 William McRee 

John Gibbsis 

Hugh Waddellii 
1773 [January] William McRee 

Thomas Robeson, J[unio]r 
1773-1774 John Burgwin 

Thomas Robeson 
17.75 William Salter 

James White 

BRUNSWICK. 

Borough Members from Towx of Brunswick 

1754-1760 Maurice Moore^s 

1760 Maurice Moore2o 

William Dry^^s 

1761 William Dry 

1762 [April] William Dry 

1762 [November] Mau[rice] Moore 

1762-1765 Maurice Moore 

1766-1768 Maurice Moore 

1769 Mau [rice] Moore 

1770-1771 Mau [rice] Moore 

1773 [January] Maurice Moore 

1773-1774 Mau [rice] Moore 

1775 Park [er ] Quince 



350 CoLoxiAL Officials. 

County Members. 

1764-1765 Robert Howen 

Thomas McGuiren 
1766-1768 Robert Howe 

John Paineis 
1769 John Grange 

Robert Howe 

William Davis 
1770-1771 Robert Howe 

William Davis 
1773 [January] Robert Howe 

William Davis 
1773-1774 Robert Howe 

John Rowan 
1775 Robert Howe 

John Rowan 

BUTE. 

1764-1765 Benjamin Personi^i 

Thomas Beiln 
1766-1768 Benjamin Person 

Benjamin Ward 
1769 Thomas Eaton 

Benja[min] Ward 
1770-1771 Benja[min] Person^s 

Thomas Eaton 

William Personn 
1773 [January] William Person 

Benja[min] Ward 
1773-1774 Benja[min] Ward 

Memucan Hunt 
1775 William Person 

Green Hill 

CARTERET. 

1725-1726 Knock Ward 

1731 Rich[ar]d Russell 

Josh[ua] Bell 



The General Assembly. 351 

1733 [July] Ch[arle]s Cogdal [Cogdell] 

Josh[ua] Wickers 

1733 [November] [Delegates not preseiit]5 

1734 Col[onel] Tho[ma]s Lovick 

J[ame]s Winright 
1734[35] Tliom[a]s Lovick 

Arthur Mabson 

1736 [The Journal for this session has been lost]8 

1738[39]-1739 Thomas Lovick^ 

Arthur Mabsons 
1739[40]-1740 Thorn [a] s Lovick 

Arthur Mabson 
1744-1745 Thomas Lovick 

Arthur Mabson 
1746 Thomas Lovick 

Arthur Mabson 
1746 [47]-1754 Thomas Lovicks 

William Bordenis 

Joseph Bellii 
1754-1760 Thomas Lovickis 

Joseph Bell 

Mozes [Moses] Houstonss 
1760 Joseph Bell 

Moses Houston 
1761 William Cole 

John Backhouse 
1762 [April] John Backhouse 

Rich[ar]d Wallace 
1762 [November] John Backhouse 

Rich[ar]d Wallace 
1764-1765 Joseph Bell 

William Coale [Cole] 
1766-1768 William Cole 

Richard Cogdell^s 
1769 William Thom[p]son 

Joseph Bell 
1770-1771 W^illiam Thompson 

Jacob Shepard 



352 CoLo.\i^\x Officials. 

1773 [January] William Thorn [p]son 

Jacob Shepard 
1773-1774 Jacob Shepardse 

William Thom[p]son 

Solomon Shepard^ 
1775 William Thorn [p] son 

Solomon Shepard 

CHATHAM. 

1770-1771 John Wilcoxn 

Isaac Brooksii 
1773 [January] Isaac Brooks 

William Grave I 

1773-1774 Stephen Poese 

Richard Parkern 

1775 

CHOWAN. 

Borough Members from Edenton. 

1725-1726 Tho [mas] Parris^ 

Rpb[er]t Loyd 

1731 Will[ia]m Williams 

1733 [July] Ch[arle]s Westbeer 

1733 [November] Ch[arle]s Westbeere [Westbeer] 5 

1734 W [illia] m Badham 

1734[35] Cha[r]l[e]s Weybeere [Westbeer] 

1736 [The Journal for this session has been lost]8 

1738[39]-1739 

1739 [40]-1740 James Craven , [ 

1742-1743 [James] Craveni2 

1744-174(5 James Craven 

1746 James Craven .t 

1746[47]-1754 Samuel Stillwellis f 

1754-1760 Thomas Barker *' 

1760 Joseph Hewes 

1761 Samuel Johnston 

1762 [April] Samuel Johnston 

1762 [November] Samuel Johnston 

1764-1765 Samuel Johnston" 



I 



The General Assembly. 353 

1766-1768 Joseph Hewes 

1769 

1770-1771 Joseph Hewes 

1773 [January] Joseph Hewes 

1773-1774 Joseph Hewes 

1775 Joseph Hewes 

County Members. 

1725-1726 George Pennington [Burrington] 

Maj[o]r Henry Bonner 

Maj[o]r Cullen Pollock 

Capt[ain] W[illia]m Downing 

Edm[un]d Porter 
1731 Col [one] 1 Edward Moseley 

Maj[o]r Henry Bonner 

Cullem [Cullen] Pollock 

Will[iam] Downing 

John Lovick 
1733 [July] Colo[nel] Edw[ar]d Moseley 

Colo[nel] Henry Bonner 

Edm[un]d Porter 

Collen [Cullen] Pollock 

Capt[ain] W[illia]m Downing 

1733 [November] Col[onel] Edw[ar]d Moseleys 

Colo[nel] Henry Bonner^ 
Collen [Cullen] Pollocks 
Capt[ain] W[illia]m Downings 
Edm[un]d Porters 

1734 Col[onel] Edw[ar]d Moseley 

CoUonel] Cullen Pollock 
Col[onel] Henry Bonner 
Capt[ain] W[illia]m Downing 
Tho[ma]s Luten 

1734 [35] Col [one] 1 Henry Bonner 

Thomas Luten 
W[illia]m Badham 
Henderson Luten 
Doct[o]r George Alleyn 
23 



354 Colonial Officials. 

1736 [Henry?] Bonners 

[Thomas?] Lutens 
[Henry?] Baker" 

1738[39]-1739 John Blounto 

John Hodgson" 
Thomas Luten!> 
Joseph Anderson' 

1739[40]-1740 John Hodgson 

John Blount 
Abra[ham] Blackhall 
John Benbury 
Thom[a]s Walton 

1742-1743 John Hodgson 

[John] Benburyi2 
Joseph Anderson 

1744-1745 John Hodgson 

Joseph Anderson 
Henry Baker 
Dempsey Sumner 
John Campbell^i 

1746 Peter Payne 

Joseph Blount 
Joseph Anderson 
John Benbury 
John Hodgson 

1746[47]-1754 [See Note 17] 

1754-1760 Dem[p]sey Sumner 

Joseph Bl[o]unt25 
Timothy Walton^s 
Joseph Heron 
Edward Vail 
Samuel Johnstonso 
Luke Sumnerso 

1760 Thomas Child 

Thomas Barker 
Francis Corbin 
Samuel Johnston 
Edward Vail 



The General Assembly. 355 





1761 


. . . Francis Corbin 






Edward Vail 






Thomas Barker 






Robert Beasley 






Henry Bonner 




1762 [April] 


, . . . Francis Coi'bin 
Edward Vail 
Robert Beasley 
John Benbury 
John Vail 




1762 [November] 


, . . . Francis Corbin 
Edward Vail 
William Boyd 
John Vail 
Joseph Creecy 




1764-1765 


Francis Corbin 

Thomas Jonesn 
James Blountu 
Lemuel Benbury 
James Bond 




1766-1768 


Samuel Johnston 

Timothy Walton 
James Bond 
James Blount 




1769 


Sam[ue]l Johnston 

Edward Vail 
James Blount 
Thomas Hoskins 
John B. Beasley 




1770-1771 


Samuel Johnston 

Edw[ar]d Vail 
Rich[ar]d Brownriggis 
Sam[ue]l Dunscombe^s 
James Blount 
William Alstonii 




1773 [January] 


. . . . Edward Vail 
James Blount 


1 




Samuel Johnston 


1 







356 Colonial Officials. 

Thomas Oldham 

Thomas Blountse 

Thomas Benbury 
1773-1774 Samuel Johnston 

Edward Vail 

Tho[ma]s Benbury 

Thomas Oldham 

Thomas Jones 
1775 Samuel Johnston 

Thomas Oldham 

Thomas Benbury 

Thomas Jones 

Thomas Hunter 

CRAVEN. 

Borough Members from New Bern. 

1731 Joseph Hannis* 

Walter Lane 

1733 [July] Walter Lane 

1733 [November] [Delegate not present] s 

1734 S. Powell 

1734[35] Walter Lane 

1736 [The Journal for this session has been lost]s 

1738[39]-1739 Walter Laneo 

1739[40]-1740 George Bould 

1744-1745 W[lllia]m Wilsonis 

1746 Thomas Pearson 

1746[47]-1754 John Carrutherso,i3 

Jeremiah Vail^o 
1754-1760 Solomon Rew's 

James Davisn 

1760 Joseph Leech 

1761 Joseph Leech 

1762 [April] Joseph Leech 

1762 [November] Alexander Elmsley 

1764-1765 Alexander Elmsleyn 

1766-1768 Alexander Elmsley 



The General Assembly. 357 

1769 Richard Caswell 

1770-1771 Richard Caswellss 

1773 [January] Christopher Neale 

1773-1774 Isaac Edwards 

1775 Isaac Edwardsss 

County Members. 

1725-1726 R[ichar]d Groves 

1731 Willie [William] Willson [Wilson] 

Evan Jones 
1733 [July] W[illia]m Handcock 

Evan Jones 

1733 [November] [Delegates not present]6 

173i Wal[te]r Lane 

D[anie]l Shine 
1734[a5] Will[ia]m Handcock 

George Roberts 

1736 [Evan?] Joness 

1738[39]-1739 William Wilson [Willson]^ 

1739[40]-1740 Geo[rge] Roberts 

W[illia]m Brice 
1742-1743 [William] Briceis 

William Wilson [Willson] » 
1744-1745 William Brice 

Richard Nixon 
1746 James Macklewean [Mackilwean] 

Francis Stringer 
1746[47]-1754 James Mackilwean [Macklewean]9 

Francis Stringers, is 

Joseph Bryants 
1754-1760 Joseph Bryan 

John Fonville 
1760 James Davis 

Thomas Graves 
1761 Thomas Graves 

John Fonville 
1762 [April] Thomas Graves 

Thomas Pollock 



358 Colonial Officials. 

1762 [November] Joseph Leech 

Tho[ma]s Pollock 
1764-1765 Joseph Leech 

Thomas Clifford Howe 
IV 66-1768 Thomas Clifford Howe 

Jacob Blount. 
1769 Tho[ma]s C[llfford] Howe 

Jacob Blount 
1770-1771 Jacob Blount 

Christopher Neale 
1773 [January] James Coor 

Lemuel Hatch 
1773-1774 James Coor 

Lemuel Hatch 
1775 James Coor 

Lemuel Hatch 

CUMBERLAND. 

Borough Members from Campbellton. 

1766-1768 Richard Grovels 

John Walshii 

1769 

1770-1771.. Thomas Hadley" 

1773 [January] William Hooper 

1773-1774 Robert Rowan 

1775 Robert Rowan 

County Members. 

1760 [Hector] McNeal [McNeil] 

[Thomas] Gibson 
1761 Thomas Gibson 

Hector McNeil 
1762 [April] Hector McNeil 

Alexander McCallister [McAllister] 
1762 [November] Hector McNeil 

Alexander McAl[l]ister 
1764-1765 Farquhar[d] Campbell 

Walter Gibson 



The General Assembly. 359 

1766-1768 Walter Gibsonii 

Farquhar[dJ Campbell 

1769 

1770-1771 Walter Gibson 

Ferqd [Farquhard] Campbell 
1773 [January] Alexander McAl[l]lster 

Ferquhard [Farquhard] Campbell 
1773-1774 Ferquhard [Farquhard] Campbell 

Alexander McAUllister 
1775 Ferquhard [Farquhard] Campbell 

Thomas Rutherford 

CURRITUCK. 

1725-1726 Rlch[ard] Church 

Henry Woodhouse 

John Woodhouse 

John Etheridge 

Capt[ain] Jos[e]ph Sanderson 
1731 John Etheridge 

Henry White 

Geo[rge] Powers 

Rich[ar]d Islands 

Thomas Lowther^ 
1733 [July] Fran[ci]s Morse 

John Mann 

John Etheridge 

Steph[e]n Williams 

Tho[ma]s White 

1733 [November] Thomas Lowthers 

1734 H [enry] White 

G[eorge] Bowers [Powers] 

J[ohn] Mann 

T. [John?] Etheridge 

Lew[i]s Jenkins 
1734 [35] Thomas Lowther 

John Etheridge 

John Caron [Caroon] 



360 CoLoxiiVi, Officials. 

James Chetham 

Thorn [a] s Williams 

1736 [The Journal for this session has been lost]8 

1738[39]-1739 William Learyo 

John Etheridge^ 

Thomas Williams^ 

William Mackayo 
1739[40]-1740 Tho[ma]s Lowder [Lowther] 

W[illia]m Leary 

Jacob Caroon 

John Caroon [Caron] 

George Powers 
1742-1743 John Etheridge 

Geo[rge] Powers 

Henry White 
1744-1745 John Leary 

Henry White 

William Shergooldn 

Thomas Lowther 

William Leary 
1746 Caleb Wilson 

Henry White 

Thomas Lowther 

William Shergoold 

1746[47]-1754 [See note 15] 

1754-1760 William Shergold [Shergoold] 25 

John Surry2c 

Francis Brownsa 

Stephen Williams 

John Woodhouse25 
1760 Jacob Parrowo 

W[illiam] Ferebe[e]9 

Stephen Williams 

W[illia]m Bray 

Caleb Everidge [Etheridge] 
1761 Robert Whitehall 

Stephen Williams 

Henry White 



The General Assembly. 361 

William Williams 

Joshua Campbell 
1762 [AprilJ Caleb Etheridge [Everidge] 

Willis Eth[e] ridge 

Joseph White 

Jacob Farabee [Ferebee] 

Thomas Dudley 
1762 [November] Will[ia]m Cumming 

Henry White 

Samuel Barnard 

WMllis Eth[e] ridge 

W[illia]m Farebee [Ferebee] 
1764-1765 William Cumming^' 

Henry White 

Stephen Williams 

Francis Brown' i 

Samuel Barnard 
1766-1768 John Woodhouse 

Henry White 

Stephen Williamsis 

Kader [Keder] Merchant^* 

Joshua Campbell 
1769 John Woodhouse 

Henry White 

Kader [Keder] Merchant 

W[illia]m Ferrify [Ferebee?] 

Thomas Jones 
1770-1771 John Woodhouse 

Keder Merchant 

Tho[ma]s Macknight 

Henry V\'hite 

Sam[ue]l Jarvis 
1773 [January] Henry White 

Tho[ma]s Macknight 

Samuel Jarvis 

John Woodhousess 

Francis Williamson 
1773-1774 Samuel Jarvis 



362 . Colonial Officials. 

Thomas Macknightu 
Soloraofl Perkins 
Henry White 
Francis W^illiamson 

1775 Thomas Macknight 

Francis Williamson 
Solomon Perkins 
Samuel Jarvis 
Nathan Joyner 

DOBBS. 

1760 Richard Caswell 

Abraham Shep[p]ard 
1761 Richard Caswell 

William Whitfield 
1762 [April] Richard Caswell 

William Whitfield 
1762 [November] Richard Caswell 

Fran[ci]s Mackilwean [Mackelwean] 
1764-1765 Richard Caswell 

Francis Mackelwean 
1766-1768 Abra[ha]m Sheppard 

Richard Caswell 
1769 W[illia]m McKinnie 

Ab[raha]m Sheppard 
1770-1771 Fran[ci]s Macelivean [Mackelwean] 

Ab[raha]m Sheppard 
1773 [January] Richard Caswell 

Stephen Blackman 
1773-1774 Richard Caswell 

Simon Bright 
1775 Richard Caswell 

William McKinnie 

DUPLIN. 

1746[47]-1754 Francis Briceis 

W[illia]m Houstonio 



• 



The General Assemri.y. 363 

1754-1760 Francis Brice 

William Houston 
1760 Andrew Thompson 

William McGehee 
1761 John Sampson 

William Houston 
1762 [April] Joseph Williams 

John Dickson 
1762 [November] Jos[eph] Williams 

Felix Kenan 
1764-176.5 Joseph Williams 

Felix Kenan 
1766-1768 Felix Kenan 

Josepli Williams 
1769 Felix Kenan 

W[illia]m Dickson 
1770-1771 William Dickson . 

Thomas Gray 
1773 [January] Thcmas Gray 

James Kenan 
1773-1774 Thomas Gray 

James Kenan 
1775 Thomas Gray 

Thomas Hicks 

EDGECOMBE. 

1733 [November] Capt[ain] W[illia]m Whiteheads 

D[octo]r Davy Hopper-^ 
1734 W[illia]m Whitehead 

J[ohn] Spiers 

Bar[tholomew] Macquinny 

D[avy] Hopper 

J[ames] Millikin 
1734[35] Col[one]l Ja[me]s Millikin 

Maj[o]r Barny McKinnie 

1736 [The Journal for this session has been lost]s 

1738[39]-1739 William Bryanto 



364 



Colonial Officials. 



1739[40]-1740 

1742-1743 [John] Popei-^ 

1744-1745 Jos[eph] John Alston 

John Popeis 
1746 John Haywood 

Joseph Howell 
1746[47]-1754 John Haywoodo 

Joseph Howelia 

Thomas Kerneyi^ 
1754-1760 William Kinchin, J[unio]ri3 

William Williams 
1760 Duncan Lemon'' 

W[illia]m Hay woods 
1761 William Haywood 

Duncan Lemon 
1762 [April] William Haywood 

Joseph Howell 
1762 [November] Samuel Ruffin 

Joseph Howell 
1764-1765 Aquilla Sugg 

Joseph Howell 
1766-1768 William Haywood 

Duncan Lemmon [Lemon] 
1769 Micajah Thomas 

Aquil[l]a Sugg 
1770-1771 W[illia]m Haywood 

Aquil[l]a Sugg 
1773 [January] William Haywood 

Aquil[l]a Sugg 
1773-1774 William Haywood 

Elisha Battle 
1775 William Haywood 

Elisha Battle 

GRANVILLE. 

1746 William Eaton 

Edward Jones 



The General Assembly. 365 



1746[47]-1754 William Eatono 

Edward Jones9,i3 

Robert Harris 
1754-1760 Robert Harris 

James Payne 
1760 Robert Harris 

Samuel Benton 
1761 Robert Harris 

Samuel Benton 
1762 [April] Samuel Benton 

Robert Harris 
1762 [November] Robert Harris 

Samuel Benton 
1764-1765 Robert Harris 

Samuel Benton 
1766-1768 Robert Harris 

Samuel Benton 
1769 Thomas Person 

Howell Lewis 
1770-1771 Thomas Person 

Howell Lewis 
1773 [January] Robert Lewis 

Thomas Person 
1773-1774 Thomas Person" 

Memucan Hunt 
1775 Thomas Person 

Memucan Hunt 

GUILFORD. 

1770-1771 William Fields 

John Kimbrough^i 

1773 [January] Alexander Martin 

John Kimbrough 

1773-1774 Alexander Martin 

William Field 

1775 [See Note 49] 



366 Colonial Officials. 

HALIFAX. 

Borough Members from Towx of Halifax. 

1760 Stephen Dewey 

1761 Stephen Dewey 

1762 [April] Alexander Elmsley 

1762 [November] [Note 35] 

1764-1765 Abner Nash 

1766-1768 Joseph Montfortu 

1769 Jos[eph] Montfort 

1770-1771 Jos[eph] Montford [Montfort] 

1773 [January] Joseph Montfort 

1773-1774 Joseph Montfort 

1775 

County Members. 

1760 Blake Baker 

Alexander McCulloch 
1761 Blake Baker 

Alexander McCulloch 
1762 [April] Blake Baker 

Joseph Montfort 
1762 [November] Blake Baker 

John Bradford 
1764-1765 Blake Bakem 

Joseph Montfort 
1766-1768 John Bradford 

William Branch 
1769 Blake Bakerso 

W[illia]m Alston 
1770-1771 Abner Nash 

W[illia]m Alston 
1773 [January] Benja[min] McCullo[c]h 

John Alston 
1773-1774 Benjamin McCulloch 

John Alston 
1775 Nicholas Long 

Benjamin McCulloch 



i 



The General Assembly. 367 

HERTFORD. 

1762 [April] Benjamin Wynns 

William Murfree 

1762 [November] Henry Winborn 

1764-1765 Benjamin Wynns 

Robert Sumner 
1766-1768 Benjamin Wynnso 

Matthias Brickell 
1769 Benj[amin] Wynn[s] 

Edward Hare 
1770-1771 Edward Hare 

Benjamin Wynns, Jun[io]r 
1773 [January] Benjamin Wynns 

Benjamin Wynns, Jun[io]r 

1773-1774 

1775 William Murfree 

George Wynns 

HYDE. 

1725-1726 Doct[o]r Patr[ic]k Maule 

1731 Tho[mas] Smith 

WilUia]m Barrow 

1733 [July] Tho[ma]s Smith 

* W[illia]m Barrow 

1733 [November] Tho[ma]s Smiths 

W[illia]m Barrows 
1734 Sam[uel] Sinclaire [Sinclare] 

W[il]ia]m Cording 
1734 [3.5] Samuel Sinclare 

Thom[a]s Smith 

1736 [The Journal for this session has been lost]* 

1738[39]-1739 Samuel Sinclares 

Thomas Smith^ 
1739[40]-1740 Sam[ue]l Sinclare 

Joseph Tart 
1742-1743 [Samuel] Sinclareis 

[Thomas?] Smithi^ 



368 Colonial Officlals. 

1744-1745 Samuel Sinclare 

John Smith 
1746 John Smith 

John Smith, Jun[io]r 
1746[47]-1754 Samuel Sinclare" 

James Calef'J 
1754-1760 Samuel Sinclair [Sinclare] is 

John Harveyis 

Thomas Smiths 

Thomas Barron [Barrow] so 
1760 Thomas Barrow 

W[illia]m Webster 
1761 William Webster 

Thomas Smith 
1762 [April] George Barrow 

Thomas Smith 
1762 [November] Thomas Smith 

George Barrow 
1764-1765 Thomas Smith's 

George Barrow 
1766-1768 William Webster 

John Smith 
1769 Edward McSwain 

Rotheas Latham 
1770-1771 Edw[ar]d McSwain 

Rotheas Latham 
1773 [January] Samuel Smith 

Edward McSwainss 

Rotheas Latham 
1773-1774 Rotheas Latham 

Seth Hovey 

1775 

JOHNSTON. 

1746 John West" 

John Smithii 
1746[47]-1754 John Herringo 

[John] Smith 






The General Assembly. 369 



1754-1760 Richard Caswell, Ju[mo]r 

Stephen Cade 
1760 John Hinton 

Needham Bryan 
1761 John Hinton 

Needham Bryan 
1762 [April] Needham Bryan 

John Hinton 
1762 [November] Needham Bryan 

John Hinton 
1764-1765 Benjamin Hardy 

Needham Bryan 
1766-1768 Needham Bryan 

Benjamin Hardyn 
1769 Needham Bryan 

John Smith 
1770-1771 John Smith 

Joel Lane 
1773 [January] William Bryan 

John Smith 
1773-1774 John Smith 

Needham Bryan 
1775 Needham Bryan 

Benjamin Williams 

MECKLENBURG. 

1764-1765 Martin Pifer [Phifer] 

Richard Berry 
1766-1768 Thomas Polk 

Martin Fifer [Phifer] 
1769 Ab[raha]m Alexander 

Thomas Polk 
1770-1771 Ab[raha]m Alexander 

Thomas Polk 
1773 [January] Martm Phifer 

John Davidson 
1773-1774 Thomas Polk 

John Davidson 
1775 

24 



370 Colonial Officials. 

NEW HANOVER. 

Borough Members from Wilmington; 

1739[40]-1740 W[illia]m Farrisn 

1/42-1743 [William] Farrlsi^ 

1744-1745 W[illia]m Faris [Farris] 

1746 Thomas Clarkis 

J.746 [47 ! -1754 Lewis deRossetia.so 

Cornelius Harnett22 

1754-1760 Cornelius Harnett 

1760 Cornelius Harnett 

1761 Cornelius Harnett 

1762 [April] Cornelius Harnett 

1762 [November] Cornelius Harnett 

1764-1765 Cornelius Harnett 

1766-1768 Cornelius Harnett 

1769 Corn[eliu]s Harnett 

1770-1771 Corn[eliu]s Harnett 

1773 [January] Corn[eliu]s Harnett 

1773-1774 Corn[eliu]s Harnett 

1775 Cornelius Harnett 

County Membebs. 
1734[35] James Swann 

Job How[e]4 

Maurice Moore 
1736 Maurice Moores 

[James?] Swan[n]s 
1738[39]-1739 Math. [Maurice] Moores 

John Swann 
1739 [40]-1740 John Swann 

Maurice Moor[e] 
1744-174.5 John Swann 

George Moore 
1746 Samuel Swanni^ 

Pufus Marsdenii 

John Swannii 
1746[47]-1754 Rufus Marsden 



i 



The General Assembly. 371 



John Swann^o 

John Ash[e] 
1754-1760 George Moore 

John Ashe 
1760 George Moore 

John Ashe 
1761 George Moore 

John Ashe 
1762 [April] George Moore 

John Ashe 
1762 [November] John Ashe 

Alex[ande]r Lillington 
1764-1765 John Ashe 

James Moore 
1766-1768 John Ashe 

James Moore 
1769 John Ashe 

James Moore 
1770-1771 John Ashe 

James Moore 
1773 [January] John Ashe 

James Moore 
1773-1774 John Ashe 

William Hooper 
1775 John Ashe 

William Hooper 

NORTHAMPTON. 

1742-1743 [Samuel] Taylor 

1744-1745. Samuel Taylor 

John Dawson 
1746 Benjamin Hill 

James MacDowell 
174e[47]-1754 John Dawson" 

Ja[me]s Washington" 
1754-1760 James Washington-" 

Robert Jones, Jun[io]r 



372 Colonial Officials, 

William Murphree^^ 
1760 [James] Washington 

[Robert] Jones, Ju[nio]r 
1761 Robert Jones 

Joseph Sykes 
1762 [April] Anthony Arm[i]stead 

Joseph Sykes 
1762 [November] Ant[hon]y Armistead 

Thomas Pace 
1764-1765 Joseph Sykesn 

Robert Jonesn 
1766-1768 Robert Jonesse 

Henry Dawson 

Edmund Smithwick 
1769 Henry Dawson 

Howell Edmunds 
1770-1771 Henry Dawsonis 

Howell Edmunds 

Willie Jones 
1773 [January] Allen Jones 

Jeptha Atherton 
1773-1774 Allen Jones 

Jeptha Atherton 
1775 Allen Jones 

Jeptha Atherton 

ONSLOW. 

1734 ..; J[ohn] Starkey 

J. Williams 
1734[35]. James Foyle 

Charles Harrison 

1736 [The Journal for this session has been lostjs 

1738[39]-1739 John StarkeyJ 

Samuel Swanno 
1739 [40]-1740 Sam [ue] 1 Swann 

John Starkey 
174C-1743 Sam[uel] Swann 

[John] Starkeyi2 



The General Assembly. 373 

1744-1745 Samuel Swann 

John Starkey 
1746 Samuel Swann 

John Starkey 
1746 [47]-1754 Samuel Swann 

John Starkey 
1754-1760 Samuel Swann 

John Starkey 
1760 Samuel Swann 

John Starkey 
1761 Samuel Swann 

John Starkey 
1762 [April] . . . : Samuel Swann 

John Starkey 
1762 [November] Sam[ue]l Swann 

John Starkey 
1764-1765 John Starkeyis 

V/illiam Cray 
1766-1768 William Gray [Cray] 

Richard Ward 

Edward Vail 
1769 William Cray 

Richard Ward 
1770-1771 William Cray 

Richard Ward 
1773 [January] Ezekiel Hunter 

Edward Starkey 
1773-1774 William Cray 

John Spicer 
1775 William Cray 

Henry Rhodes 

ORANGE. 

Borough Members from Hillsborough. 

1770-1771 Edm[un]d Panning 

1773 [January] Francis Nash 

1773-1774 Francis Nash 

1775 . Francis Nash 



374 CoLONiAii Officials. 

County Members. 

1746[47]-1754 Josiah Dicksonsi 

Mark Morgans i 
1754-1760 William ChurtonZT 

John Gray2' 
1760 Tyree Harris 

[?] Cray [John Gray?] 
1761 William Churton 

Thomas Loyd [Lloyd] 
1762 [April] William Churton 

Thomas Lloyd 
1762 [November] Thomas Lloyd 

Edmund Panning 
1764-1765 Thomas Lloyd 

Francis Nash 
1766-1768 Edmund Fanning 

Thomas Lloyd 
1769 Hermon Husband 

John Pryor 
1770-1771 Hermon Husband^i 

John Prj^oris 

Ralph McNairii 

Francis Nash'i 
1773 [January] John Gray 

Ralph McNair 
1773-1774 Ralph McNair 

Thomas Hart 
1775 Ralph Macnair [McNair] 

Thomas Hart 

PASQUOTANK. 

1725-1726 Tho[ma]s Swann 

Jam[e]s Winright 

McCrora [McRora] Scarborough 

Rob[er]t Morgan 

Gabr[ie]l Burnham 
1731 Col[one]l Tho[ma]s Swann 



The General Assembly. 375 

Gabr[ie]l Burnham 

GrifRn Jones 

Jerem[ia]h Symons 

Charles Sayer [Sawyer?] 
1733 [July] Cli[arle]s Sawyer 

Gabr[ie]l Burnham 

John Sawyer 

Jer[eml]ah Symons 

Colo[nel] Tho[ma]s Swann 
1733 [November] Gabr[ie]l Burnham'' 

Jere[miah] Symons^ 

Ch[arle]s Sawyers 

John Sawyerj 

Caleb Sawyers 
1734 Gab[riel] Burnham 

Ch[arle]s Sawyer 

Cal[e]b Sawyer 

Jer[emiah] Simons [Symons] 

Col[onel] John Palin 
1734 [35] Gabr[iel] Burnham 

Cha[rle]s Sawyer 

Jerem[i]a[h] Symons 

Caleb Sawyer 

Dan[ie]l Sawyer 

1736 [The Journal for the session has been lost]* 

1738[39]-1739 Simon Bryano 

1739[40]-1740 Tho[ma]s Hunter 

Will[ia]m Relf[e] 

David Bailey 

Thomas Pendleton 

Caleb Sawyer 
1742-1743 [Caleb] Sawyeris 

Thomas Phindilton [Pendleton] 

[William] Burgess'^ 
1744-1745 '. Griffeth [Griffith] Jones 

W[illia]m Williams 

W[illia]m Burgess 

Jos[eph] Humphries 



1 

376 CoLoxiAL Officials.' 

ft 

1746 Julius Caesar Park 

Thomas Pendleton 

Symon [Simon] Bryan 

Joseph Bayly 

Benjamin Simons 

1746[47]-1754 [See Note 17] 

1754-1760 Robert Murden 

Thomas Relfe 

Samuel Swann, Ju[nio]r 

John Brothers^j 

Griffith Jones 

Thomas Taylorso 
1760 Thomas Taylor 

Jervis [Jarvis] Jones 

Joseph Jones 

Samuel Swann, Jun[io]r 

John Lowry 
1761 Thomas Taylor 

Benja[min] Palmer 

Andrew Miller 

Samuel Swann [Junior] 

Thomas Sawyer 
1762 [April] Thomas Taylor 

John Lowry 

Andrew Miller 

Thomas McKnight [Macknight] 

John Burgess 
1762 [November] Tho[ma]s Taylor, Sen[io]r 

Sam[ue]l Swann, Jun[io]r 

Tho[ma]s Sawyer 

Joseph Jones 

Lem[ue]l Sawyer 
1764-1765 Samuel Swann 

Thomas Taylor, Jun[io]r 

Lemuel Sawyer 

Joseph Jones24 

Josiah Nash 
1766-1768 Samuel Swann, Jun[ior]i3 



The General Assembly. 377 

Thomas Taylor, Jun[iorJ 

Joseph Jones 

John Sawyer 

Benja[min] Palmer's 
1769 Jos[eph] Jones 

Thomas Relfe 

John Lowry 

William Relfe 

Jno. [Jonathan] Herring 
1770-1771 Thomas Relfe 

Jos[eph] Jones 

Jonathan Herring 

John Lowry 

William Relfe 
1773 [January] Lemuel Sawyer** 

Joseph Jones** 

Thomas Macknight*?,** 

Jonathan Herring** 

Demsey Burgess** 
1773-1774 Jonathan Hearing [Herring] 

Joseph Jones 

Edward Everigin 

Joseph Re[a]ding 

Robert Jordan * 

1775 Jonathan Hearring [Herring] 

Isaac Gregory 

Edward Everigin 

Joseph Reading 

Joseph Jones 

PERQUIMANS. 

1725-1726 Joseph Jessop [Jessap] 

Tho[ma]s Speight 

Cha[rle]s Denman 

Sam[ue]l Phelps 

Sam[ue]l Swann 
1731 Mackrora [McRora] Scarborough 



378 Colonial Officials. 

Sam[ue]l Swann 

Rich[ar]d Skinner 

Char[Ie]s Denman 

Marma[du]k[e] Norfleet 
1733 [July] Rich [arid Skinner 

Sam[iie]l Swann 

Zebul[o]n Clayton 

Cli[arle]s Denman 

Capt[ain] Rich[ar]d Sanderson 
1733 [November] Cli[arle]s Denman'^ 

Ricli[ar]d Skinner^ 

Sam[ue]l Swanns 
Capt[ain] Rich[ar]d Sandersons 

Zebul[o]n Claytons 
1734 Zeb[ulon] Clayton 

Sam[ue]l Swann 

Ch[arle]s Denman 

Rich[ar]d Skinner 

Jos[hu]a Long 
1734[35] Zebulon Clayton 

Samuel Swann 

Charles Denman 

Rich[ar]d Skinner 
• Joshua Long 

1736 [The Journal for this session has been lost]8 

1738[39]-1739 Joshua Longf 

McRora Scarborough^ 

[Thomas] Weeks^' 
1739[40]-1740 McRora Scarborough 

Jos[eph] Sutton 

James Sumner 

Joshua Long 

Natha[niel] Carruthers 

1742-1743 [McRora] Scarboroughis 

1744-1745 W[illiam] Waite 

Tully Williamsi^' 

McRora Scarborough 

George Durante ^ 



The General Assembly. 379 

1746 Luke Sumner 

Macrora [McRora] Scarborough 

John Harvey 

Thomas Weeks 

1746[47]-1754 [See Note 17] 

1754-1760 John Harvey 

Benj[amin] Harvey 

William Wyatt 

Joseph Sutton 

Thomas Weeks 
1760 Benjamin Harvey 

Richard Sanderson 

John Harvey 

Francis Brownsi 

Thomas Bonner 
1761 Francis Brown32 

William Skinner 

John Harvey 

Thomas Bonner 

Ben]a[min] Harvey 
17b2 [April] John Harvey 

Benja[min] Harvey 

W[illia]m Skinner 

Fran[ci]s Brown 

W[illia]m Mackey 
1762 [November] Benjamin Harvey 

John Harvey 

Thomas Bonner 

William Skinner 

Charles Blount 
1764-1765 John Harveyn 

Benjamin Harvey--i 

Charles Blount-* 

Seth Sumner 

Andrew Knox 
1766-1768 Benjamin Harvey 

John Harvey 

Charles Blount 



380 Colonial Officials. 

John Skinner 
Andrew Knox 

1769 John Harvey 

Benja[min] Harvey 
Andrew Knox 
John Skinner 
Thomas Harvey 

1770-1771 John Harvey 

Benja[min] Harvey 

' Andrew Knox 

John Skinneri3 
Thomas Harvey 

1773 [January] Benjamin Harvey 

John Harvey 
Andrew Knox 
Nath[aniel] Williams 
Thomas Harvey 

1773-1774 John Harvey 

Benjamin Harveyn 
Andrew Knox 
Nath[anie]l Williams 
Thomas Harvey 

1775 John Harvey 

Andrew Knox 
Thomas Harvey 
John Whedbee 

PITT. 

1762 [April] John Hardy 

William Spiers 
1762 [November] John Hardy 

William Speir [Spiers] 
1764-1765 George Moy 

John Simpson 
1766-1768 John Spier 

John Simpson 
1769 John Simpson 



The General Assembly. 381 

John Spier 
1770-1771 Richard Evans 

Alex[ande]r Stewart 
1773 [January] John Simpson 

George Evans 
1773-1774 John Simpson 

Edward Salter 
1775 John Simpson 

Edward Salter 

ROWAN. 
Borough Members from Salisbury. 

1766-1768 John Mitchell 

1769 John Dunn 

1770-1771 John Dunn' i 

1773 [January] Hugh Montgomery 

1773-1774 Hugh Montgomery!! 

1775 

County Members. 

1746 [47]-1754 James Carter-2 

John Brandon22 
1754-1760 James Carter-'s 

John Bravard 

Hugh Waddeir-;^ 
1760 [Hugh] Waddell 

[John] Frohock 
1/61 John Frohock 

Alexander Ozborn [Osborne?] 
1762 [April] John Frohock 

John Kerr 
1762 [November] John Frohcck 

John Kerr 
1764-1765 John Frohock** 

William Giles"," 
1766-1768 John Frohock 

Griffith Rutherford 



382 Colonial Officials. 

1769 Griffith Rutherfoi d 

Christopher Nation 
1770-1771 Griffith Rutherford 

Matthew Lock[e] 
1773 [January] Matthew Locke 

Griffith Rutherford 
1773-1774 Griffith Rutherford 

Matthew Lock[e] 
1775 Griffith Rutherford 

Matthew Lock[e] 

SURRY. 

1770-1771 Robert Lanier^ 

Richard Gorde [Goode?]i2 

1773 [January] Robert Lanier 

Jonathan Hampton 

1773-1774 Robert Lanier 

Charles McAnallyn 

1775 

TRYON. 

1769 W[illia]m Moore 

Tho[ma]s Xeale 
1770-1771 Thomas Neale 

William Moore 

1773 [January] Robert Blackburn 

1773-1774 William Moore 

Christian Reinhardt 
1775 William Moore 

William Alston 

TYRRELL. 

1734[35] Capt[ain] Will[ia]m Downing 

Stephen Lee 
1736 Capt[ain] William Downings 

[Edmond] Smithwicks 
1738 [391-1739 William Downing^ 



The General Assembly. 383 

John Montgomery^ 

Stevens [Stephen! Lee^ 

[Edmond] Smithwicks* 

[Samuel] Spruillo 
1739[40]-1740 Stevens [Stephen] Lee 

Edm[on]d Smithwick 

John Montgomery 

W[illia]m Gardner 

Ja[me]s Castelawio 

Will[ia]m Kenneday [Kennedy]" 
1742-1743 [William] Gardiner [Gardner] 12 

[Edmond] Smithwicki^ 

William Kennedy 

Stephen Lee 
1744-1745 William Kennedy 

Edm[on]d Smithwick 

Stevens [Stephen] Lee 

Samuel Spruel [Spruill] 

John Spiers 
1746 Steven [Stephen] Lee 

William Maccay [Mackay] 

Samuel Spruell [Spruill] 

Edward Phelps 

James Blount 
1746[47]-1754 Stephen Lee^c 

[William] Maccay [Mackay] le 
1754-1760 William Mackay 

James Conner 

Jacob Blount 

Francis Ward" 

Samuel Spruill 

X 1760 Edmond Smithwick 

|L Jacob Blount 

r- William Mackey [Mackay] 

James Blountia 

Stephen Hooker 

1761 Edmund [Edn:!ond] Smithwick 

Stephens [Stephen] Lee 



384 Colonial Officials. 

Jacob Blount 

William Mackey [Mackay] 

Stephen Hooker 
1762 [April] Jacob Blount 

William Barns 

William Currell 

Joseph Alexander 
1762 [November] William Mackey [Mackay] 

L^dmund [Edmond] Smithwick 

Stephens [Stephen] Lee 

Francis Ward 

William Currell 
1764-1765 Willia-n Mackey [Mackay] 

Edm T.d Smithwickii 

Jaco". Blount 

Willi ^.m Barns 

John Hardison 
1766-1768 Stevens [Stephen] Lee 

Benjamin Blount 

Jasper Charlton 

Francis Ward 
1769 Ebenezer Slade ' 

William Slade 

Kenneth McKinzie 

Peter Wynn 

Benjamin Hasell 
1770-1771 William Slade 

Edmundson Samuel Smithwick [Edmond 
Smithwick] 

John Hookerii 
1773 [January] Thomas Stewart 

Benja[min] Spruill 

Jeremiah Frazier 

William Slade 

John Hooker 
1773-1774 William Slade+« 

Benjamin Spruill 

Jeremiah Frazier 



The General Assembly. 385 

Edward Southwick [Edmond Smithwick?] 
Thomas Hunter 
Tho[ma]s Stewart 

1775.. Benjamin Spruill 

Joseph Spruill 
Jeremiah Fraz[i]er 

WAKE. 

1770-1771 Thomas Hinesn 

Benjamin Hardyn 
1773 [January] Joel Lane 

Thomas Hines 
1773-1774 Michael Rogers^T 

Tignal Jonesi^ 
1775 

NOTES. 

'The records do not give the constituencies represented. 

-The names in this list are members of the Assembly elected by the rebels during Cul- 
pepper's Rebellion. 

^The names of the other members of the several Assemblies in this list may be found 
under their respective counties: the constituencies represented by those whose names 
appear here cannot now be determined. It should be remembered that in Colonial days 
members frequently represented counties or boroughs, of which they were not residents. 

■■Election conte.sted, and his seat declared vacant. 

"House never organized on account of failure of the upper House to make a quorum. 

"House adjourned (see note 5) before the arrival of this delegation. 

'House seated John Harrokl. 

^The Journal of the House of Commons for this session has been lost, but a few of the 
delegations can be partially filled in from messages appearing in the Council Journals. 

'The Journal does not state the county he represented, but it has been ascertained 
from other lists and from the body of the proceedings. However, see list under head of 
"Miscellaneous," supra. 

1 "Elected from both Bertie and Tyrrell; chose to sit for the latter. 

"Took his seat at the second session. 

i^Only the surname is given in the Journal. 

I'Died during the session. 

'^Elected for both New Hanover and Onslow: chose to sit for the latter. 

i=A Quaker. The Council refused to qualify him on his affirmation, and as he refused 
to take an oath his seat was declared vacant. 

'"Taken into custody by the serjeant-at-arms for refusal to qualify, sit and vote. See 
Note 17 below. 

"Delegates were refused their seats in the Assembly. The early charters had given 
the counties of Chowan, Perquimans, Pasquotank, Currituck, Bertie and TjTrell, five 
members each (Bertie aften\-ards surrendered two of its five to that portion of its terri- 
tory erected into Northampton) to the Assembly. These northern counties, therefore, 
controlled the Assembly. In 1746, while their delegates were absent from the session at 
Wilmington, a minority of the As.sembly, compo.sed of members from the Southern coun- 
ties, was recognized by the Governor as a quorum, and passed an act cutting down the 
delegations from the Northern counties to two members each. Accordingly Governor 
Johnston directed the sheriffs of those counties in their writs of election to require the elec- 
tion of two members; the counties concerned refused to recognize the authority of the act * 

25 



386 * CoLoxiAL Officials. 

as havinK been passed by an Assembly having less than a majority present, and continued 
to choose five representatives as usual. The Assembly, now under the control of the south- 
ern counties, declared the elections void because the sheriffs' writs called for the election of 
five, and not two members. Both sides appealed to the King in Council, and while the 
appeal was pending the northern counties were not represented in the Assembly, though 
at each election they chose five members as usual. The Crown decided in favor of the 
northern counties, and their delegations again appeared in the Assembly at New Bern, 
Dec. 12, 1754. 

'^Took his seat at the seventh session. 

I'Took his seat at the tenth session. 

2 "Seat vacated by his appointment as a member of the Council. 

- 'Took his seat at the twelfth session. 

2 2Took his seat at the thirteenth session. 

2 3Resigned. 

2 ■'Took his seat at the third session. 

2^Seat vacated by his acceptance of another office. 

2 6Took his seat at the fourth ses.sion. 

-'Took his seat at the fifth ses-sion. 

-'Expelled for misapplication of public funds, Nov. 23, 1757. 

2 'Expelled for perjury, Oct. 5, 1758. 

3 "Took his seat at the ninth ses.sion. 

3 'Having been expelled from the Assembly as a member from Currituck (see note 29), 
he was declared incapable of sitting in the Assembly. His seat being therefore declared 
vacant, and a new election ordered, he was re-elected and offered again, (Nov. 12, 1760), 
and was again rejected by the Assembly. 

'-Francis Brown having again been returned from Perquimans, this time at the head 
of the delegation, the Assembly gave up the fight (see note 29 and .31) and permitted him 
to take his seat. 

^'Declared disqualified for a seat in the Assembly because he was sheriff of the county 
at the time of his election. 

'^DecUned on account of his health. 

'^Owing to the failure of the sheriff to receive the Governor's writ ordering an election 
no member was elected. ^ 

3^Died before taking his seat. 

'^Seat contested by Peter Blinn, who was seated. 

'^The Ust of members affixed at the beginning of the Journal of this session credits Cas- 
well to Bath, but it is obviously an error for New Bern. 

3 'Lived in Dobbs county, but represented New Bern in the General Assembly. 

^"Thomas Hadley and Thomas Hardy are both referred to in the Journal as the mem- 
ber for Campbellton; the former is probably correct. 

^'Expelled for being a "principal mover and promoter" of "riots and seditions," for 
publishing a "faLse, seditious, and MaUcious Libel" on Maurice Moore, for "gross pre- 
varication and falsehood," and for offering "a daring insult" to the General Assembly 
"tending to intimidate the Members from a discharge of their duty." 

^ -Never took his seat. 

^'Elected for both Currituck and Pasquotank; chose to sit for Currituck. 

^*Elections declared illegal, and seats vacated. 

*^In the list of members preceding the Journal it is William Robeson; in the Journal 
itself it is Charles Robinson; the latter is probably correct. 

^^Seat contested by and awarded to Thomas Stewart. 

^'Election declared void on account of irregularities. Another election having been 
ordered, both were re-elected and took their seats at the second session. 

■• *The last Assembly held in North Carolina by authority of the British Crown. 

* 'Sheriff failed to make the return of the writ of election. 



i 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF THE PROVINCIAL 

CONGRESSES. 

Note. — Names are spelled as they appear in the lists of members preceding the journals 
of the Congresses, with variations, or modern forms in brackets. 



OFFICIALS. 

First Provincial Congress. 

New Bern, Aug. 25-27, 1774. 

Moderator John Harvey Onslowi 

Clerk Andrew Knox Perquimans 

Second Provincial Congress. 

New Bern, April 3-7, 1775. 

Moderator John Harvey Perquimans 

Clerk Andrew Knox Perquimans 

Third Provincial Congress. 

Hillsborough, Aug. 20-Sept. 10, 1775. 

President Samuel Johnston Craven 

Secretary Andrew Knox Perquimans 

Assistant Secretary .... James Glasgow Dobbs 

Clerk Thomas Craike 

Clerk James Green Craven 

Chaplain Rev. Henry Patillo 

Chaplain Rev. Charles Edward Taylor 

Doorkeeper Francis Lynaugh 

Doorkeeper Evan Swann 

Fourth Provincial Congress. 

Halifax, April 4-May 14, 1776. 

President Samuel Johnston Chowan 

Vice-President Allen Jones Northampton 



388 Colonial Officials. 

Secretary James Green, Jr Craven 

Assistant Secretary .... James Glasgow Dobbs 

Clerk John Hunt 

Doorkeeper Francis Lyuaugli 

Doorkeeper Evan Swann 

Chaplain Rev. Ford 

Fifth Provixcial Coxgress. 
Halifax, Nov. 12-Dec. 23, 1776. 

President Richard Caswell Dobbs 

Vice-president Cornelius Harnett New Hanover 

Secretary James Green, Jr Craven 

Assistant Secretary James Glasgow Dobbs 

Doorkeeper Evan Swann 

Doorkeeper John Gooding 

DELEGATES. 

ANSON. ^ 

r 

Aug., 1774 Samuel Spencer 

William Thomas 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 Thomas Wade 

Samuel Spencer 

William Thomas 

David Love 

William Picket 
April, 1776 Daniel [David?] Love 

Samuel Spencer 

John Crawford 

James Picket 

John Childs 
Nov., 1776 Thomas Wade 

David Love 

William Picket 

George Davidson 

Charles Robertson 






Provincial Congresses. 

BEAUFORT. 

Borough Members from Bath. 

Aug., 1774 William Brown 

April, 1775 William Brown 

Aug., 1775 William Brown 

April, 1776 William Brown 

Nov., 1776 William Brown 

County Members. 

A'lig., 1774 Roger Ormond 

Thomas Respess 

April, 1775 Roger Ormond 

Thomas Respess, Jr. 

Aug.. 1775 Roger Ormond 

Thomas Respess, Jr. 

John Patten 

John Cooper [Cowper?] 

April, 1776 Roger Ormond 

Thomas Respis [Respess], Jun[ior] 
John Cowper [Cooper] 

Nov.. 1776 John Barrow 

Thomas Respis [...espess] 
Thomas Respis [Respess], Jr. 
Francis Jones 
Robert Tripp 

BERTIE. 

Aug., 1774 John Campbell 

April, 1775 John Campbell 

David Standley 

John Johnston 
Aug., 1775 . . William Gray 

Jonathan Jaycocks 

Charles Jaycocks 

William Brimage 

William Bryan 

Zedekiah Stone 



389 



390 Colonial Officials. 

Thomas Ballard 
Peter Clifton 
David Standley 
John Campbell 
John Johnston 

April, 1776 John Campbell 

John Johnston 
Charles W. Jaycocks 

Nov., 1776 Thomas Pugh 

John Johnston 
William Gray 
Noah Hinton 
Zedekiah Stone 

BLADEN. 

Aug., 1774 William Salter 

Walter Gibson 
April, 1775 William Salter 

James White 
Aug., 1775 William Salter 

Walter Gibson 

Thomas Owen 

Thomas Robinson, Jun[io]r 

Nathaniel Richardson 
April, 1776 Nathaniel Richardson 

Thomas Robeson 

Muturan Covill 
~ James Council 

Thomas Amis 
Nov., 1776 Thomas Robeson 

Thomas Owen 

Thomas Amis 

James Council 



r 



Provincial Congresses. 

BRUNSWICK. 
Borough Members from Brunswick [Town]. 



391 



Aug., 1774.. 
April, 1775.. 
Aug., 1775.. 
April, 1776.. 
Nov., 1776... 



Parker Quince 
Maurice Moore 

Parker Quince 



County Members. 

Aug., 1774 Robert Howe 

April, 1775 John Rowan 

Robert Howe 
Aug., 1775 Robert Howe 

Robert Ellis 

Parker Quince 

Thomas Allon [Allen] 

Roger Moore 

April, 1776 

Nov., 1776 Maurice Moore 

Cornelius Harnett 

Archibald McLean [Maclalne] 

Lewis Dupree 

William Lord 



Aug., 1774. 
April, 1775. 

Aug., 1775. 



BUTB.2 

William Person 
Green Hill 
William Person 
Green Hill 
James Ransom 
Thomas Eaton 
Green Hill 
William Person 
Thomas Eaton 
Revfi. Henry Patillo 
Jethro Sumner 
Josiah Reddick 



392 


Colonial Officials 


April, 1776 


Green Hill 




William Alston 




William Person 




Thomas Sherrod 




Philemon Hawkins 


Nov., 1776 


James Denton 




Thomas Eaton 




Philemon Hawkins 




Benjamin Seawell 




Benjamin Ward 



CARTERET. 

Aug., 1774 William Thorn [p] son 

Solomon Perkins 

April, 1775 William Thom[p]son 

Solomon Sheppard 

Aug., 1775 John Easton 

William Thorn [p] son 
* Price Williams 
Solomon Sheppard 
Enoch Ward 

April, 1776 William Thompson 

Solomon Shep[p]ard 
John Blackhouse 

Nov., 1776 Solomon Shep[p]ard 

Brice Williams 
William Borden 
John Easton 
Thomas Chadwick 

CHATHAM. 

Aug., 1774 Richard Caswell 

William McKinnie 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 Elisha Cain 

Richard Kennon 
Matthew Jones 



PBo\^iVCIAL Congresses. 393 

Jeduthan Harper 

John Birdsong 

Ambrose Ramsey [Ramsay] 

Joshua Rosser 

Robert Rutherford 

John Thompson 

William Clark 



April, 1776 Ambrose Ramsay [Ramsey] 

John Thompson 
Joshua Rosser 
Jeduthan Harper 
Elisha Cain 

Nov., 1776 Ambrose Ramsey [Ramsay] 

John Birdsong 
Mial Scurlock 
Isaiah Hogan 
Jeduthan Harper 

CHOWAN. 

Borough Members from Edentox. 

Aug., 1774 Joseph Hewes 

April, 1775 Joseph Hewes 

Aug., 1775 Joseph Hewes 

Jasper Charlton 

April, 1776 Joseph Hewes 

Nov., 1776 Joseph Hewes 

County Members. 

Aug., 1774 Samuel Johnston 

Thomas Oldham 
Thomas Benbury 
Thomas Jones 
Thomas Hunter 

April, 1775 Samuel Johnston 

Thomas Oldham 
Thomas Jones 
Thomas Benbury 



394 Colonial Officials, 

Thomas Hunter 

Aug., 1775 Samuel Johnston 

Thomas Jones 
Thomas Benbury 
James Blount 
Thomas Hunter 
Josiah Granbery 

April, 1776 Samuel Johnston 

Thomas Benbury 
Thomas Jones 
John Bap[tista] Beasley 
Thomas Hunter 

Nov., 1776 James Blount 

Thomas Benbury 
Thomas Jones 
Luke Sumner 
Jacob Hunter . 

CRAVEN. 
Borough Members from New Bern. 

Aug., 1774 Abner Nash 

Isaac Edwards 
April, 1775 Abner Nash 

James Davis 
Aug., 1775 Abner Nash 

James Davis 

William Tisdale 

Richard Ellis 

April, 1776 Abner Nash 

Nov., 1776 Abner Nash 

CouxTY Members. 

Aug., 1774 Lemuel Hatch 

Joseph Leech 
Richard Cogdell 

April, 1775 James Coor 

Lemuel Hatch 



Provincial Congresses. 395 

Jacob Blount 

William Bryan 

Richard Cogdell 

Joseph Leech 
Aug., 1775 James Coor 

William Bryan 

Richard Cogdell 

Joseph Leech 

Jacob Blount 

Edmond Hatch 
April, 1776 James Coor 

Lemuel Hatch 

John Bryan 

William Bryan 

Jacob Blount 
Nov., 1776 James Coor 

William Bryan 

John Bryan 

Christopher Neale 

John Tilghman 

CUMBERLAND. 
Borough Members froji Campbellton.o 

Aug., 1774 

April, 1775 Robert Rowan 

Aug., 1775 James Hepburn 

April, 1776 Arthur Council 

Nov., 1776 Thomas Hadley 

County Members. 

Aug., 1774 Farquard [Farquhard] Campbell 

Thomas Rutherford 
April, 1775 Thomas Rutherford 

Farquard [Farquhard] Campbell 
Aug., 1775 Farquard [Farquhard] Campbell 

Thomas Rutherford 

Alexander McKay 

Alexander McAlister 



396 Colonial Officials. 

David Smith 

April, 1776 David Smitli 

Alexander McAlister 
Farquard [Farquhard] Campbell 
Thomas Rutherford 
Alexander McCoy [McKay] 

Nov., 1776 Robert Rowan 

Philip Alston 
William Rand 
Robert Cobb 

CURRITUCK. 

Aug., 1774 Nathan Joyner 

Samuel Jarvis 
April, 1775 Thomas Macknight 

Francis Williamson 

Samuel Jarvis 

Solomon Perkins 

Nathan Joyner 
Aug., 1775 Thomas Jarvis 

Gidion [Gideon] Lamb 

James Ryan 

James White 

Solomon Perkins' 
April, 1776 Samuel Jarvis 

James White 

James Ryan 

Gideon Lamb 

Solomon Perkins 
Nov., 1776 Samuel Jarviss 

James White 

Keder Merchant 

Hollowell Williams 
Thomas Williams 



Provincial Coxgkesses. 397 



DOBBS. 



Aug., 1774 George Miller 

Simon Bright 

Thomas Gray 

Thomas Hix 
April, 1775 Richard Caswell 

William McKinnie 

Simon Briglit, Jr. 

George Miller 
Aug., 1775 Richard Caswell 

Simon Bright 

James Glasgow 

Abraham Sheppard 

Spyers Singleton 

George Miller 

Andrew Bass 
April, 1776 Richard Casv/ell 

Abraham Shepherd [Sheppard] 

Geo[rge] Miller 

Simon Bright 

\Villiam McKinnie 
Nov., 1776 Richard Caswell 

Simon Bright 

Abraham Sheppard 

Benjamin Exum 

Andrew Bass 

DUPLIN. 

Aug., 1774 James Kenan 

William Dickson 
April, 1775 Thomas Grey [Gray] 

Thomas Hicks 
Aug., 1775 James Kenan 

William Dickson 

Thomas Gray 

Richard Clinton 

Thomas Hicks 



398 Colonial Officials. 

April, 1776 Thomas Gray 

William Dickson 

Nov., 1776 James Kenan 

Thomas Gray 

William Dickson 

William Taylor 

James Gillaspie [Gillespie] 

EDGECOMBE. 

Aug., 1774 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 Robert Bignal 

Henry Irwin 
Duncan [Lemon] Lamon 
Thomas Hunter 
Tho[ma]s Harminson Hall 

April, 1776 William Haywood 

Duncan Lemon [Lamon] 
Elisha Battle 
Henry Irwin 
Nathaniel Boddie 

Nov. 1776 William Haywood 

Elisha Battle 
Jonas Johnston 
Isaac Sessums 
William Horn 

GRANVILLE. 

Aug., 1774 Thomas Person 

Memucan Hunt 

April, 1775 Thomas Person 

John Paine 
Robert Montford 
Robert Williams 
Memucan Hunt 

Aug., 1775 Thomas Person 

John Penn 



i 



ProviiS-cial Coxgressks. b99 

John Williams 

John Taylor 

Memucan Hunt 
April, 1776 Thomas Person 

John Penn 

Memucan Hunt 

John Taylor 

Charles Eaton 
Nov., 1776 Thomas Person 

Robert Lewis 

Memucan Hunt 

Thornton Yancey 

John Oliver 

GUILFORD. 

Aug., 1774 

April, 1775 Alexander Martin 

Aug., 1775 Alexander Martin 

Ransom Southerland 

James Park Farley 

Thomas Henderson 

William Dent 

George Cortner 

Nathaniel Williams 
April, 1776 Ransome [Ransom] Southerland 

William Dent 

Ralph Gorrill [Gorrell] 
Nov., 1776 David Caldwell 

Joseph Hinds 

Ralph Gorrell 

Charles Bruce 

Isham Browder 

HALIFAX. 
Borough Members from Halifax [Town]. 

Aug., 1774 John Geddy 

April, 1775 Joseph Montfort 

John Webb 



400 Colonial Officials. 

Aug., 1775 Willie Jones 

Francis Nash 
April, 1776 Willie Jones 

John Webb'o 

Nov , 1776 Willie Jones 

County Members. 

Aug., 1774 Nicholas Long 

Willie Jones 
April, 1775 Willie Jones 

Benjamin McCulloch 

Nicholas Long 
Aug., 1775 Nicholas Long 

James Hogan 

David Sumner 

John Webb 

John Geddy 
April, 1776 John Bradford 

James Hogan 

David Sumner 

Joseph John Williams 

Willis Alston , 

Nov., 1776 John Bradford | 

James Hogans 

Vvillis Alston 

Samuel Weldon 

Benjamin McCulloch 

Egbert Haywood 

HERTFORD. 

Aug., 1774 

April, 1775 George Wynns 

Joseph Worth 
Aug., 1775 William Murfree 

Lawrence Baker 

Matthias Brickie 

Day Ridley 

George Wynns 



Provixcial Coxgresses. 401 

April, 1776 Robert Sumner 

Matthias Brickie 

Lawrence Baker 

"William Murfree 
Nov., 1776 Lawrence Baker 

William Murfree 

Robert Sumner 

Day Ridley 

James Wright 

HYDE. 

Aug., 1774 Rothias Latham 

Samuel Smith 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 Joseph Hancock 

John Jordan 
April, 1776 Rotheas [Rothias] Latham 

Joseph Hancock 

John Jordan 

Benjamin Parmely [Parme'rle] 
Nov., 1776 Joseph Hancock 

John Jordan 

Benjamin Parmerle [Parmely] 

William Russell 

Abraham Jones 

JOHNSTON. 

x_ug., 1774 Needham Bryan 

Benjamin Williams 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 Benjamin Williams 

Samuel Smith 

Needham Bryan 

William Bryan 

John Smith 
April, 1776 Samuel Smith jun[ior] 

Needham Bryan jun[ior] 

Henry Rains 
26 



402 


Colonial Officials. 


Nov., 1776 


Needham Bryan, Jr. 




Samuel Smith, Jr. 




John Stevens 




Henry Rains 




Alexander Averyt 



MARTIN. 

Aug., 1774 Edmund [Edward?] Smythwick 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 Kenneth McKinzie [McKenzie] 

Whitmill Hill 

John Everit 

William Slade 

John Stuart 

William Williams 
April, 1776 William Williams 

Whitmill Hill 

Kenneth McKenzie [McKinzie] 

Thomas Wiggins 

Edward [Edmund?] Smythwick 
Nov., 1776 William Williams 

Whitmill Hill 

Thomas Hunter 

John Hardison 

Samuel Smithwick 

MECKLENBURG. 

Aug., 1774 Benjamin Patten 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 Thomas Polk 

John Phifer 
Waightstill Avery 
Samuel Martin 
James Houston 
John McNitt Alexander 

April, 1776 John Pfifer [Phifer] 

Robert Irwin 

John McNitt Alexander 



Provincial Congresses. 403 



I 



Nov 1776 John Pfifer [Phifer] 

Robert Erwin [Irwin] 
Zacheus Wilson 
Hezeliiali Alexander 
Waightstill Avery 

NEW HANOVER. 

Borough Members from Wllmingtois^. 

Aug., 1774 Francis Clayton 

April, 1775 Cornelius Harnett 

Aug., 1775 Cornelius Harnett 

Archibald Maclaine 

April, 1776 Cornelius Harnett 

Nov., 1776 William Hooper 

County Members. 

Aug., 1774 John Ashe 

William Hooper 

April, 1775 William Hooper 

John Ashe 

Aug., 1775 George Moore 

Alexander Lillington 
Samuel Ashe 
William Hooper 
James Moore 
John Ashe 

April, 1776 John Ashe 

John Devane 
Samuel Ashe 
Sampson Mosel[e]y 
John Hollingsworth 

Nov., 1776 John Ashe 

Samuel Ashe 
John Devane 
Sampson Moseley 
John Hollingsworth 



< 



404 Colonial Officials. 

NORTHAMPTON. 

Aug., 1774 Allen Jones 

April, 1775 Allen Jones 

Jeptha Atherton 
Aug., 1775 Jeptha Atherton 

Allen Jones 

Howell Edmunds 

Drewry [Drury] Gee- j; 

Samuel Lockhart 
April, 1776 Allen Jones ^ 

Jeptha Atherton 

Drury [Drewry] Gee 

Samuel Lockhart^ 

Howell Edmunds 

Eaton Haynes 
Nov., 1776 Allen Jones 

Jeptha Atherton 

James Ingram 

Howell Edmunds^ 

Robert Peoples 

Thomas Parker 

ONSLOW. 

Aug., 1774 William Cray 

John Harvey 

Benjamin Harvey 
April, 1775 Edward Starkey 

Henry Rhodes 

William Cray 
Aug., 1775 Isaac Guion 

Henry Rhodes 

Edward Starkey 

John Spicer 

John King 
April, 1776 George Mitchell 

Benajah Doty 

John Spicer 



Provincial Congresses. 405 

John King 
John Norman 

Nov., 1776 John Spicer 

Thomas Johnston 
Benajah Doty 
Edward Starkey 
Henry Rhodes 

ORANGE. 

Borough Members from Hillsborough. 

Aug., 1774 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 William Armstrong 

Nathaniel Rochester 

April, 1776 William Johnston 

Nov., 1776 William Johnston 

County Members. 

Aug., 1774 Thomas Hart 

April, 1775 Thomas Hart 

Thomas Burke 

John Kinchen 

Francis Nash 
Aug., 1775 Thomas Bourk [Burke] 

John Kinchen 

Thomas Hart 

John Atkinson 

John Williams 
April, 1776 John Kinchen 

James Saunders 

John Butler 

Nathaniel Rochester 

Thomas Burke 
Nov., 1776 James Saunders^ 

William Moored 

John McCabe6 

John Atkinsons 



406 Colonial Officials. 

John Painee 
Thomas Burke 
Nathaniel Rochester 
Alexander Mebane 
John Butler 
John McCabe 

PASQUOTANK. 



i 



n 



Aug., 1774 Edward Everigin 

Joseph Reading 
April, 1775 Jonathan Hewing [Hearing?] 

Edward Everigin a 

Isaac Gregory ■ 

Joseph Jones 

Joseph Reading 
Aug., 1775 Joseph Jones 

Thomas Boyd 

Devotion Davis 

Edward Everigin 

Demsey [Dempsey] Burgess 
April, 1776 Thomas Boyd 

Joseph Jones 

William Cuming 

Dempsey Burgess 

Henry Abbott 
Nov., 1776 Henry Abbott 

Devotion Davis 

Isaac Gregory 

Demsey [Dempsey] Burgess 

Lemuel Sawyer 

PERQUIMANS. 

Aug., 1774 Andrew Knox 

Thomas Harvey 
John Whedbee, Jr. 
Joseph Jones 



Provincial, Congresses. 407 



April, 1775 John Harvey 

Benjamin Harvey 
Andrew Knox 
Thomas Harvey 
John Whedbee, Jr. 

Aug., 1775 Benjamin Harvey 

Andrew Knox 
Miles Harvey 
Thomas Harvey 
William Skinner 

April, 1776 Miles Harvey 

William Skinner 
Thomas Harvey 
Charles Blount 
Charles Moore 

Nov., 1776 Benjamin Harvey 

Miles Harvey 
Thomas Harvey 
William Hooper 
William Skinner 

PITT. 

Aug., 1774 John Simpson 

Edward Salter 
William Kenan 

April, 1775 John Simpson 

Edward Salter 
James Gorham 
James Lanier 
William Robeson 

Aug., 1775 John Simpson 

Robert Salter 
William Bryan 
James Gorham 
James Latham 

April, 1776 John Simpson 

Edward Salter 
William Rob [e] son 



408 CoLoxiAL Officials. 

Nov., 1776 Benjamin May 

William Rob[e]son 
James Gorham 
George Evans 
Edward Salter 

ROWAN. 

Borough Members from Salisbury. 

Aug., 1774 William Kennon 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 Hugh Montgomerj- 

Robert Rowan 

April, 1776 David Nisbet 

Nov., 1776 David Nisbet 

County Members. 

Aug., 1774 Moses Winslow 

Samuel Young 

April, 1775 Griffith Rutherford 

William Sharp 
W[illiam] Kennon 

Aug., 1775 Matthew Locke 

James Smith 
Moses Winslow 
Samuel Young 
William Kennon 
William Sharpe 
Robert Lanier 

April, 1776 Griffith Rutherford 

Matthew Locke 

Nov., 1776 Griffith Rutherford 

Matthew Locke 
William Sharpe 
James Smith 
John Brevard 



I 



Provincial Co>'Gresses. 409 

-^ SURRY. 



Aug., 1774 

April, 1775 

Aug.. 1775 Joseph Williams 

William Hill 
Martin Armstrong 
Joseph Winston 

April, 1776 Joseph Williams 

Joseph Winston 
Charles Gordon 

Nov., 1776 Robert Lanier 

William Hall 
Charles Gordon 
Joseph Williams 

TRY0N.7 

Aug., 1774 David Jenkins 

Robert Alexander 

April, 1775 

Aug., 1775 John Walker 

Robert Alexander 
Joseph Hardin 
William Graham 
Frederick Hambright 
William Kennon 

April, 1776 Charles McLean 

• James Johnston 

Nov., 1776 Joseph Harden 

Robert Abernathy 
William Graham 
William Alston 
John Barber 

TYRRELL. 

Aug., 1774 Joseph Spruill 

Jeremiah Fraiser [Frazier] 
April, 1775 Joseph Spruill 



410 CoLoxiAL Officials. 

Benjamin Spruill 
Jeremiah Frazer [Frazier] 

Aug., 1775 Joseph Spruill 

Jeremiah Frazier 
Peter Wynne [Wynn] 
Stevens [Stephens] Lee 
Thomas Hoskins 

April, 1776 Archibald Corrie 

Nov., 1776 Peter Wynn 

Jeremiah Frazier 
Isham Webb 
Stephens [Stevens] Lee 
Benjamin Blount 

WAKE. 

Aug., 1774 

April, 1775 John Hinton 

Michael Rogers 
Tignal Jones 

Aug., 1775 Joel Lane 

John Hinton 
Theophilus Hunter 
Michael Rodgers [Rogers] 
Tignal Jones 
John Rand 
Thomas Hines 

April, 1776 Joel Lane 

John Hinton 
John Rand 
William Hooper 
Tignal Jones 

Nov., 1776 Tignal Jones 

James Jones 
Michael Rogers 
John Rice 
Britain Fuller 



Pkovincial Congresses. 411 



DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON.^ 

Nov., 1776 Charles Robeson 

John Carter 
John Haile 
John Sevier 

NOTES. 

'Lived in Perciuinians, but represented Onslow in the Congress. 

^Name changed to Warren in 1779. 

'Seat vacated by his acceptance of a commission in the provincial militia. 

■•In 1791 divided into Lenoir and Glasgow. In 1799 Glasgow was changed to Green. 

'.Seat vacated by his acceptance of a commission in the Continental Army. 

^Seats declared vacant on account of disorders at the polls. 

'In 1779 Tryon was divided into Lincoln and Rutherford. 

*The Watauga Settlements, now in Tennessee. 

'Now Fayetteville. 

'"The Continental Congress having appointed Willie Jones Superintendent of Indian 
Affairs for the Southern Department, he had gone to Georgia on business of his office, 
and John Webb was chosen a delegate from Halifax in the Provincial Congress "until 
he return of Willie Jones, Esq." 



412 Colonial Officials. 



THE PROVINCIAL COinVCIL.i 

Created by the Provincial Congress, August, 1775, as the executive 
power of the Revolutionary government established after the flight 
from the province of the royal governor, Josiah Martin. Its princi- 
pal duty was to carry into effect the resolves of the Provincial Con- 
gress. The following members were elected by the Provincial Con- 
gress, September 10, 1775: 

Districts Councilors Counties 

Member-at-large Samuel Johnston Chowan 

Wilmington District Cornelius Harnett New Hanover 

Samuel Ashe New Hanover 

Edenton District Thomas Jones Chowan 

Whitmill Hill Northampton 

New Bern District Abner Nash Craven 

James Coor Craven 

Hillsboro District Thomas Person Granville 

John Kinchen Orange 

Halifax District Willie Jones Halifax 

Thomas Eaton Halifax 

Salisbury District Samuel Spencer Anson 

Waightstill Avery Mecklenburg 

After the adoption of the Resolution of April 12, 1776, by the Con- 
gress at Halifax, authorizing the delegates from North Carolina in 
the Continental Congress to vote for a Declaration of Independence, 
the word "Provincial" was deemed as no longer appropriate as de- 
scriptive of the executive council of the Revolutionary government, 
so the name was changed to "Council of Safety." The powers re- 
mained practically the same. The Council was superceded by the 
government established by the Constitution of 1776. The following 
members cf the Council of Safety were elected by the Congress, May 
11, 1776: 

Districts Councilors Counties 

Member-at-large Willie Jones Halifax 

Wilmington District Cornelius Harnett New Hanover 

Samuel Ashe New Hanover 



iFor the Presidents of the Council see page 323. 



Provincial Council. 413 

Edenton District Thomas Jones Chowan 

Whitmill Hill Northampton 

New Bern District James Coor Craven 

John Simpson Pitt 

Hillsboro District Thomas Person Granville 

John Rand Wake 

Halifax District Thomas Eaton Halifax 

Joseph John Williams Halifax 

Salisbury District Hezekiah Alexander Mecklenburg 

William Sharpe Mecklenburg 



PART XI. 



REGISTER OF STATE OFFICIALS, 1777-1913. 



1. Governors. 

2. Councilors of State. 

3. Secretaries of State. 

4. Treasurers. 

5. Comptrollers. 

6. Auditors of Public Accounts. 

7. Auditors. 

8. Superintendents of Public Instruction. 

9. Attorneys-General. 

10. Commissioners of Agriculture. 

11. Commissioners of Labor and Printing. 

12. Commissioner of Insurance. 

13. Justices of the Supreme Court. 

14. Judges of the Superior Court. 

15. General Assembly: Officers and Members. 

16. 'Constitutional Conventions: Officers 

AND Members. 



GOVERNORS OF NORTH CAROLINA SINCE 
INDEPENDENCE. 



ELECTED BY THE LEGISLATURE.! 

Dec. 19, 1776-Apr. 18,1777 Richd. Caswell^ Lenoir 

Apr. 18, 1777-Apr. 18,1778 Richd. Caswell Lenoir 

Apr. 18, 1778-May 4,1779 Richd. Caswell Lenoir 

May 4, 1779-Apr. ..,1780 Richd. Caswell Lenoir 

Apr. . ., 1780-June 26, 1781 Abner Nash Craven 

June 26, 1781-Apr. 26, 1782 Thomas Burke Orange 

Apr. 26, 1782-Apr. 30, 1783 Alex. Martin Guilford 

Apr. 30, 1783-Apr. . ., 1785 Alex. Martin Guilford 

Apr. . ., 1785-Dec. 12, 1785 Richd. Caswell Lenoir 

Dec. 12, 1785-Dec. 23, 1786 Richd. Caswell Lenoir 

Dec. 23, 1786-Dec. 20, 1787 Richd. Caswell Lenoir 

Dec. 20, 1787-Nov. 18, 1788 Saml. Johnston Chowan 

Nov. 18, 1788-Nov. 16, 1789 Saml. Johnston Chowan 

Nov. 16, 1789-Dec. 17, 1789 Saml. Johnstons Chowan 

Dec. 17, 1789-Dec. 9, 1790 Alex. Martin Guilford 

Dec. 9, 1790-Jan. 2, 1792 Alex. Martin Guilford 

Jan. 2, 1792-Dec. 14, 1792 Alex. Martin Guilford 

Dec. 14, 1792-Dec. 26, 1793 R. D. Spaight Craven 

Dec. 26, 1793-Jan. 6, 1795 R. D. Spaight Craven 

Jan. 6, 1795-Nov. 19, 1795 R. D. Spaight Craven 

Nov. 19, 1795-Dec. 19, 1796 Saml. Ashe New Hanover 

Dec. 19, 1796-Dec.' 5, 1797 Saml. Ashe New Hanover 

Dec. 5, 1797-Dec. 7,1798 Saml. Ashe New Hanover 

Dec. 7, 1798-Nov. 23, 1799 W. R. Davie Halifax 

Nov. 23, 1799-Nov. 29, 1800 Benj. Williams Moore 

Nov. 29, 1800-Nov. 28, 1801 Benj. Williams Moore 

Nov. 28, 1801-Dec. 6, 1802 Benj. Williams Moore 

Dec. 6, 1802-Dec. 1, 1803 James Turner* Warren 

Dec. 1, 1803-Nov. 29, 1804 James Turner Warren 

Nov. 29, 1804-Dec. 10, 1805 James Turner Warren 

27 



418 State Officials. 

Dec. 10, 1805-Dec. 1,1806 Nath. Alexander Mecklenburg 

Dec. 1, 1806-Dec. 1, 1807 Nath. Alexander Mecklenburg 

Dec. 1, 1807-Dec. 12, 1808 Benj. Williams Moore 

Dec. 12, 1808-Dec. 13, 1809 David Stone Bertie 

Dec. 13, 1809-Dec. 5, 1810 David Stone Bertie 

Dec. 5, 1810-Dec. 9, 1811 Benj. Smith Brunswick 

Dec. 9, 1811-Nov. 25, 1812 Wm. Hawkins Warren 

Nov. 25, 1812-Nov. 20, 1813 Wm. Hawkins Warren 

Nov. 20, 1813-Nov. 29, 1814 Wm. Hawkins Warren 

Nov. 29, 1814-Dec. 7, 1815 Wm. Miller Warren 

Dec. 7, 1815-Dec. 7,1816 Wm. Miller Warren 

Dec. 7, 1816-Dec. 3, 1817 Wm. Miller Warren 

Dec. 3, 1817-Nov. 24, 1818 John Branch Halifax 

Nov. 24, 1818-Nov. 25, 1819 John Branch Halifax 

Nov. 25, 1819-Dec. 7, 1820 John Branch Halifax 

Dec. 7, 1820-Dec. 7,1821 Jesse Franklin Surry 

Dec. 7, 1821-Dec. 7, 1822 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Dec. 7, 1822-Dec. 6, 1823 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Dec. 6, 1823-Dec. 7, 1824 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Dec. 7, 1824-Dec. 6, 1825 H. G. Burton Halifax 

Dec. 6, 1825-Dec. 29, 1826 H. G. Burton Halifax 

Dec. 29, 1826-Dec. 8, 1827 H. G. Burton Halifax 

Dec. 8, 1827-Dec. 12, 1828 James Iredell Chowan 

Dec. 12, 1828-Dec. 10, 1829 John Owen Bladen 

Dec. 10, 1829-Dec. 18, 1830 John Owen Bladen 

Dec. 18, 1830-Dec. 13, 1831 Montfort Stokes Wilkes 

Dec. 13, 1831-Dec. 6, 1832 Montfort Stokes Wilkes 

Dec. 6, 1832-Dec. 9,1833 D.L.Swain Buncombe 

Dec. 9, 1833-Dec. 10, 1834 D. L. Swain Buncombe 

Dec. 10, 1834-Dec. 10, 1835 D. L. Swain Buncombe 

Dec. 10, 1835-Dec. 31, 1836 R. D. Spaight, Jr Craven 

GOVERNORS ELECTED BY THE PEOPLE.s 

Dec. 31, 1836-Dec. 29, 1838 E. B. Dudley New Hanover 

Dec. 29, 1838-Jan. 1, 1841 E. B. Dudley New Hanover 

Jan. 1, 1841-Dec. 31, 1842 J. M. Morehead .Guilford 

Dec. 31, 1842-Jan. 1, 1845 J. M. Morehead Guilford 



Governors Since Independence. 419 

Jan. 1, 1845- Jan. 1, 1847 W. A. Graham Orange 

Jan. 1, 1847-Jan. 1, 1849 W. A. Graham Orange 

Jan. 1, 1849-Jan. 1, 1851 Charles Manly Wake 

Jan. 1, 1851-Dec. 22,1852 D. S. Reid Rockingham 

Dec. 22, 1852-Dec. 6, 1854 D. S. Reide Rockingham 

Dec. 6, 1854- Jan. 1,1855 Warren Winslow" Cumberland 

Jan. 1, 1855- Jan. 1,1857 Thomas Bragg Northampton 

Jan. 1, 1857- Jan. 1,1859 Thomas Bragg Northampton 

Jan. 1, 1859-Jan. 1,1861 John W. Ellis Rowan 

Jan. 1, 1861-July 7, 1861 John W. Elliss Rowan 

J uly 7, 1861-Sept. 8,1862 Henry T. Clark^ Edgecombe 

Sept. 8, 1862-Dec. 22, 1864 Z. B. Vance Buncombe 

Dec. 22, 1864-May 29, 1865 Z. B. Vancef Buncombe 

May 29, 1865-Dec. 15, 1865 W. W. Holdenio Wake 

Dec. 15, 1865-Dec. 22, 1866 Jonathan Worth Randolph 

Dec. 22, 1866-July 1, 1868 Jonathan Worths Randolph 

July 1, 1868-Dec. 15, 1870 W. W. Holdeni-^ Wake 

Dec. 15, 1870-Jan. 1, 1873 T. R. CaldwelH' Burke 

Jan. 1, 1873-July 11, 1874 T. R. Caldwell Burke 

July 11, 1874- Jan. 1, 1S77 C. H. Brogdeni* Wayne 

Jan. 1, 1877-Feb. 5, 1879 Z. B. Vanceis Mecklenburg 

Feb. 5, 1879-Jan. 18, 1881 T. J. Jarvisis Pitt 

Jan. 18, 1881-Jan. 21, 1885 T. J. Jarvis Pitt 

Jan. 21, 1885-Jan. 17, 1889 A. M. Scales Rockingham 

Jan. 17, 1889-Apr. 8, 1891 D. G. Fowlei^ Wake 

Apr. 8, 1891-Jan. 18, 1893 Thomas M. Holti* Alamance 

Jan. 18, 1893-Jan. 12, 1897 Elias Carr Edgecombe 

Jan. 12, 1897-Jan. 15, 1901 D. L. Russell Brunswick 

Jan. 15, 1901-Jan. 11, 1905 C. B. Aycock Wayne 

Jan. 11, 1905-Jan. 12, 1909 R. B. Glenn Forsyth 

Jan. 12, 1909-Jan. 15, 1913 W. W. Kitchin Person 

Jan. 15, 1913- Locke Craig Buncombe 

NOTES. 

i"That the Senate and House of Commons, jointly at their first meeting after each 
election, shall by ballot ele?t a Governor for one year, who shall not be eligible to that 
office longer than three years in each six successive years." Art. XV, Constitution of 1776. 

-Chosen by the Convention of December, 1776, to fill interval until the Legislature could 
meet. 

^Elected by Convention of 1789 to United States Senate. Did not qualify for his third 
term as Governor. 



420 



State Officials. 



<John Baptista Ashe, of Halifax, was first chosen, but died before he could qualify. 
Turner was then elected. 

6The Convention of 1835 amended the Constitution to provide for the election of the 
governor by a popular vote, increased his term of office to two years and made any per- 
son inelipible for more than two terms successively. 

nEIected to the United States Senate. 

'Ex-officio as President of the Senate. 

8Died in office. 

'Turned out by Provisional government. 

1 "Provisional governor appointed by the President of the United States. 

1 'Turned out by reconstruction government. 

'^Impeached and removed from office. 

I'Ex-ofiBcio as lieutenant-governor. Elected governor by the people in 1872. Died m 
office. 

1 ^Ex-officio as lieutenant-governor. 

'^Elected to the United States Senate. 

i^Ex-officio as lieutenant-governor. Elected governor by the people in 1879. 

I'Died in office. 



COUNCILORS OF STATE. 



ELECTED BY THE CONVENTION OF 1776. 

Dec. 20, 1776 Cornelius Harnett New Hanover 

Dec. 20, 1776 Thomas Personi Granville 

Dec. 20, 1776 William Dryi Brunswick 

Dec. 20, 1776 William Haywood Edgecombe 

Dec. 20, 1776 Edward Starkey Onslow 

Dec. 20, 1776 Joseph Leech Craven 

Dec. 20, 1776 Thomas Eaton Bute 

John Gray Blount^ Beaufort 

James Coor^ Craven 

Martin Ferry^ 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1777. 

Apr. 18, 1777 William Cray Onslow 

Apr. 18, 1777 William Haywood .Edgecombe 

Apr. 18, 1777 Joseph Leech Craven 

Apr. 18, 1777 Edward Starkey Onslow 

Apr. 18, 1777 Thomas Eaton Bute 

Apr. 18, 1777 Cornelius Harnetts New Hanover 

Apr. 18. 1777 William Taylor Duplin 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1778-1779. 

Apr. 18, 1778 Joseph Leech Craven 

Apr. 18, 1778 Thomas Bonner ., Beaufort 

Apr. 18, 1778 William Cray^ Onslow 

Apr. 18, 1778 Edward Starkey Onslow 

Apr. 18, 1778 Robert Bignall Edgecombe 

Apr. 18, 1778 Richard Hendersoni Granville 

Apr. 18, 1778 William Hay woodi Edgecombe 

Aug. 14, 1778 William Bryan Craven 

Aug. 14, 1778 John Simpson Pitt 

Feb. 3, 1779 Frederick Jones New Hanover 



422 State Officials. 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1779. 

May 3, 1779 Joseph Leech Craven 

May 3, 1779 Robert Bignall Edgecombe 

May 3, 1779 John Sampsoni 

May 3, 1779 John Simpson Pitt 

May 3, 1779 Thomas Respass.i Senior Beaufort 

May 3, 1779 Isaac Guion Craven 

May 3, 1779 William Whitfield Dobbs 

Oct. 25, 1779 Waightstill Avery Burke 

Oct. 30, 1779 Edward Starkey Onslow 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1780. 

Joseph Leech3 Craven 

James Daviss 

Isaac Guions Craven 

James Graingers 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1781. 

June 26, 1781 John Penn Granville 

June 26, 1781 Spruce Macay Rowan 

June 26, 1781 Willie Jones Halifax 

June 26, 1781 Benjamin Seawell Franklin 

June 26, 1781 Philemon Hawkins, Jr.i Granville 

June 26, 1781 John Butler Orange 

June 26, 1781 Edward Jones W^arren 

July 11, 1781 Whitmel Hill Martin 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1782. 

May 3, 1782 Richard Henderson Granville 

May 3, 1782 Allen Jones Northampton 

May 3, 1782 Spruce Macay Rowan 

May 3, 1782 Philemon Hawkins Granville 

May 3, 1782 Griffith Rutherford Rowan 

May 3, 1782 Benjamin Seawell Franklin 

May 3, 1782 John Penn Granville 



ii 



Councilors of State. 423 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1783. 

May 9, 1783 James Saunders Caswell 

May 9, 1783 Nathaniel Macon Warren 

May 9, 1783 Spruce Macay Rowan 

May 9, 1783 Philemon Hawkins, Senior Warren 

May 9, 1783 Thomas Polk Mecklenburg 

May 11, 1783 Robert Burton Granville 

May 11, 1783 Marquis de Bretigny Craven 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1784. 

May 8, 1784 Nathaniel Macon Warren 

May 8, 1784 Philemon Hawkins, Senior Warren 

May 8, 1784 James Saunders Caswell 

May 8, 1784 Thomas Polk Mecklenburg 

May 8, 1784 Robert Burton Granville 

May 8, 1784 Robert Bignall Edgecombe 

May 11, 1784 Thomas Eaton Warren 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1785. 

Dec. 10, 1785 James Gillespie Duplin 

Dec. 10, 1785 Joseph Leech Craven 

Dec. 10, 1785 John Hawks Craven 

Dec. 10, 1785 John Spicer Onslow 

Dec. 10, 1785 William McClure Craven 

Dec. 12, 1785 Green Hill Franklin 

Dec. 28, 1785 Miles King Richmond 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1786-1787. 

Dec. 18, 1786 Frederick Hargett Jones 

Dec. 18, 1786 Joseph Leech Craven 

Dec. 18, 1786 Joseph Green Dobbs 

Dec. 18, 1786 John Hawks Craven 

Jan. 5,1787 Thomas Brown - Bladen 

Jan. 5, 1787 Joseph McDowell Burke 

Jan. 5, 1787 John Nelson Mecklenburg 



424 



State OFFiciAr.s. 



ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1787. 

Dec. 13, 1787 Willie Jones Halifax 

Dec. 13, 1787 Charles Johnson Chowan 

Dec. 13, 1787 Whitmel Hill Martin 

Dec. 13, 1787 John Kinchen Orange 

Dec. 15, 1787 John Skinner Perquimans 

Dec. 15, 1787 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Dec. 19, 1787 John Mare Chowan 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1788. 

Nov. 11, 1788 John Skinner Perquimans 

Nov. 11, 1788 James Iredell Chowan 

Nov. 11, 1788 John Kinchen Orange 

Nov. 11, 1788 James Armstrong Pitt 

Nov. 11, 1788 Josiah Collins Tyrrell 

Nov. 11, 1788 Whitmel Hill Martin 

Nov. 11, 1788 Dempsey Conner Pasquotank 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1789. 

Dec. 18, 1789 John Hamilton Guilford 

Dec. 18, 1789 Wyatt Hawkins Warren 

Dec. 18, 1789 James Taylor 

Dec. 18, 1789 James Gillespie Duplin 

Dec. 18, 1789 Charles Bruce Guilford 

Dec. 18, 1789 Jesse Franklin Surry 

Dec. 19, 1789 Griffith Rutherford Rowan 



ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1790. 

Nov. 19, 1790 Charles Bruce ,. . , Guilford 

Nov. 19,1790 Philemon Hawkins Warren 

Nov. 27, 1790 Caleb Phifer Mecklenburg 

Dec. 1,1790 John Faulcon Warren 

Dec. 1, 1790 William Gowdy Guilford 

Dec. 2, 1790 Griffith Rutherford Rowan 

Dec. 2, 1790 William P. Little Hertford 



Councilors of State. 425 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OP 1791-1792. 

Dec. 30, 1791 Wyatt Hawkinsi Warren 

Dec. 30, 1791 Griffith Rutherford Rowan 

Dec. 30, 1791 Charles Bruce Guilford 

Dec. 30, 1791 William P. Littlei Hertford 

Jan. 2, 1792 Henry W. Harrington Richmond 

Jan. 2, 1792 Thomas Brickell Franklin 

Jan. 2, 1792 Philemon Hawkins Warren 

Jan. 12, 1792 Bythal Bell Edgecombe 

Jan. 12, 1792 Thomas Brown Bladen 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1792. 

Dec. 18, 1792 James Coor Craven 

Dec. 18, 1792 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Dec. 18, 1792 William McClure Craven 

Dec. 19, 1792 Wyatt Hawkins Warren 

Dec. 19, 1792 Thomas Brickell Franklin 

Dec. 19, 1792 Spyers Singleton Craven 

Dec. 28, 1792 Daniel Carthy Craven 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1793. 

Dec. 19, 1793 James Coor Craven 

Dec. 19, 1793 William McClure Craven 

Dec. 19, 1793 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Dec. 19, 1793 William Brickell Franklin 

Dec. 26, 1793. Richard Nixon Craven 

Dec. 28, 1793 John Umstead Orange 

Dec. 30, 1793 John Branch Halifax 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1794-1795. 

Jan. 10, 1795 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Jan. 10, 1795 John Branch Halifax 

Jan. 12, 1795 Benjamin Seawell Franklin 

Jan. 12, 1795 George Lucas Chatham 

Jan. 19, 1795 Ransome Sutherland Wake 

Jan. 19, 1795 James Kenan Duplin 

Jan. 20, 1795 James Coor Craven 



426 State Officials. 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1795. 

Nov. 21, 1795 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Nov. 21, 1795 Thomas Henderson Rockingham 

Nov. 24, 1795 John M. Binford Northampton 

Nov. 25, 1795 Nathaniel Allen Chowan 

Nov. 25, 1795 Benjamin Seawell Franklin 

Nov. 25, 1795 John Branch Halifax 

Nov. 28, 1795 Daniel Carthy Craven 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1796. 

Dec. 19, 1796 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Dec. 19, 1796 John Branch Halifax 

Dec. 19, 1796 Nathaniel Jones, of White Plains Wake 

Dec. 19, 1796 Henry Watters New Hanover 

Dec. 19, 1796 John Waddell New Hanover 

Dec. 20, 1796 John Williams Caswell 

Dec. 22, 1796 Ransom Sutherland Wake 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1797. 

Dec. 4, 1797 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Dec. 4, 1797 Robert Smith Chowan 

Dec. 4, 1797 Ransom Sutherland Wake 

Dec. 4, 1797 Henry Watters New Hanover 

Dec. 4, 1797 John Branch Halifax 

Dec. 4,1797 Thomas Hill 

Dec. 4, 1797 John Williams Caswell 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1798. 

Dec. 13, 1798 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Dec. 13, 1798 John Branch Halifax 

Dec. 13, 1798 Ransom Sutherland Wake 

Dec. 13, 1798 Elijah Mitchell Granville 

Dec. 13, 1798 Henry Watters New Hanover 

Dec. 13, 1798 Nathaniel Jones, of White Plains Wake 

Dec. 13, 1798 Thomas Hill New Hanover 



Councilors of State. 427 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1799. 

Dec. 3, 1799 Thomas Brown Bladen 

Dec. 3, 1799 John Hunt Rowan 

Dec. 3, 1799 Robert Cochran Cumberland 

Dec. 3, 1799 Nathaniel Jones, of White Plains Wake 

Dec. 3, 1799 Ransom Sutherland Wake 

Dec. 3, 1799 John Hinton Wake 

Dec. 10, 1799 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1800. 

Nov. 29, 1800 John Hinton Wake 

Nov. 29, 1800 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Nov. 29, 1800 Reuben Wood 

Nov. 29, 1800 James Gillespie Duplin 

Nov. 29, 1800 Joseph John Alston Chatham 

Nov. 29, 1800 Lawrence Smith 

Nov. 29, 1800 Robert Burton Granville 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1801. 

Dec. 8, 1801 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 8, 1801 Robert Burton Granville 

Dec. 8,1801 John Hinton Wake 

Dec. 8, 1801 Robert Cochran Cumberland 

Dec. 8, 1801 Lawrence Smith 

Dec. 8, 1801 Reuben Wood 

Dec. 8,1801 John Branch Halifax 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1802. 

Nov. 23, 1802 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Nov. 23, 1802 Reuben Wood 

Nov. 23, 1802 Robert Burton Granville 

Nov. 23, 1802 John Branch Halifax 

Nov. 23, 1802 James Kenan Duplin 

Nov. 23, 1802 Lawrence Smith 

Nov. 23, 1802 Leonard Henderson Granville 



428 



State Officials. 



ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1803. 

Dec. 2, 1803 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 2, 1803 John Ingles Edgecombe 

Dec. 2,1803 Gideon Hunt Macon 

Dec. 2, 1803 Nathaniel Jones, of Crabtree Wake 

Dec. 2,1803 Lawrence Smith 

Dec. 2, 1803 Robert Burton Granville 

Dec. 2, 1803 Reuben Wood 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1804. 

Dec. 3,1804 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 3,1804 Reuben Wood 

Dec. 3, 1804 John Ingles Edgecombe 

Dec. 3,1804 Lemuel Sawyer Camden 

Dec. 3,1804 Theophilus Hunter Wake 

Dec. 3, 1804 Robert Burton Granville 

Dec. 3, 1804 John Branch Halifax 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1805. 

Nov. 29, 1805 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Nov. 29, 1805 Samuel Alston Warren 

Nov. 29, 1805 John Branch Halifax 

Nov. 29, 1805 Robert Cochran Cumberland 

Nov. 29, 1805 James Kenan Duplin 

Nov. 29, 1805 Reuben Wood 

Nov. 29, 1805 Robert Burton Granville 



ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1806. 

Dec. 10, 1806 Robert Burton Granville 

Dec. 10, 1806 Nathaniel Jones, of Crabtree Wake 

Dec. 10, 1806 William Boylan Wake 

Dec. 10, 1806 William Polk Wake 

Dec. 10, 1806 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 10, 1806 Reuben Wood 

Dec. 10, 1806 Lawrence Smith 



Councilors of State. 429 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OP 1807. 

Dec. 2, 1807 Robert Burton Granville 

Dec. 2, 1807 James Clarke 

Dec. 2, 1807 J^Jeedham Whitfield Wayne 

Dec. 2. 1807 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 2, 1807 James Mebane Orange 

Dec. 3, 1807 Jonathan Jacocks Bertie 

Dec. 3,1807 Jordan Hill Franklin 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1808. 

Dec. 15, 1808 Gideon Alston ." Halifax 

Dec. 15, 1808 Needham Whitfield Wayne 

Dec. 15, 1808 John Umstead.- Orange 

Dec. 15, 1808 Thomas Davis Cumberland 

Dec. 15, 1808 James Kenan Duplin 

Dec. 15, 1808 Matthew Brandon Rowan 

Dec. 15, 1808 William Lenoir, Senior Wilkes 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1809. 

Dec. 5. 1809 James Kenan Duplin 

Dec. 5, 1809 Martin Phifer Mecklenburg 

Dec. 5,1809 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 5, 1809 Needham Whitfield Wayne 

Dec. 5, 1808 William Lenoir Wilkes 

Dec. 5, 1809 James Marshall Anson 

Dec. 5, 1809 John Umstead Orange 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1810. 

Dec. 4. 1810 James Murphy Burke 

Dec. 4, 1810 James Houston Iredell 

Dec. 4, 1810 John Umstead Orange 

Dec. 4, 1810 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 4, 1810 Jonathan Jacocks-t Bertie 

Dec. 4,1810 Needham Whitfield Wayne 

Dec. 4. 1810 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Dec. 10, 1810 Stark Armstead Bertie 



4ii0 State Officials. 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1811. 

Dec. 16, 1811 Thomas Kenan Duplin 

Dec. 16. 1811 Angus Gilchrist Robeson 

Dec. 16, 1811 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 16. 1811 Stark Armistead Bertie 

Dec. 16, 1811 Needham Whitiield "Wayne 

Dec. 16, 1811 Joseph Winston Stokes 

Dec. 20, 1811 Peter Forney Lincoln 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1812. 

Dec. 17, 1812 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 17, 1812 Stark Armistead Bertie 

Dec. 17, 1812 Thomas Kenan Duplin 

Dec. 17, 1812 Thomas Love Haywood 

Dec. 17, 1812 William C. Love Rowan 

Dec. 19, 1812 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 19, 1812 Benjamin Robinson Cumberland 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1813. 

Dec. 14,1813 John Umstead Orange 

Dec. 14, 1813 Bryan Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 14, 1813 Robert Burton Granville 

Dec. 14, 1813 Benjamin Robinson Cumberland 

Dec. 14, 1813 Thomas Kenan Duplin 

Dec. 14, 1813 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 17, 1813 James Cochran Person 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1814. 

Dec. 15, 1814 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 15, 1814 Robert Burton Granville 

Dec. 15, 1814 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Dec. 15, 1814 James Cochran Person 

Dec. 15, 1814 Benjamin Robinson Cumberland 

Dec. 17, 1814 William Blackledge Craven 

Dec. 17, 1814 Joseph Graham Lincoln 



COUNCILOKS OF STATE. 431 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1815. 

Dec. 8, 1815 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Dec. 8, 1815 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 8, 1815 Robert Burton Granville 

Dec. 8, 1815 Benjamin Robinson Cumberland 

Dec. 8,1815 William Blackledge Craven 

Dec. 8, 1815 James Cochran Person 

Dec. 8, 1815 John Umstead Orange 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OP 1816. 

Nov. 29, 1816 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Nov. 29, 1816 Nathaniel Jones, of Crabtree Wake 

Nov. 29, 1816 Whitmel H. Pugh Bertie 

Dec. 4, 1816 William Blackledge, Senior Craven 

Dec. 13, 1816 Jesse Franklin Surry 

Dec. 13, 1816 Thomas Lenoir Haywood 

Dec. 13, 1816 Sterling RufBn Rockingham 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1817. 

Dec. 6, 1817 Jesse Franklin Surry 

Dec. 6, 1817 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Dec. 6,1817 John Umstead Orange 

Dec. 6, 1817 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 6, 1817 David Gillespie Bladen 

Dec. 6,1817 William Blackledge Craven 

Dec. 6, 1817 Whitmel H. Pugh Bertie 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1818. 

Nov. 26, 1818 Jesse Franklin Surry 

Nov. 26, 1818 John Umstead Orange 

Nov. 26, 1818 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Nov. 26, 1818 William Blackledge Craven 

Nov. 26, 1818 Thomas Wynns Hertford 

Nov. 28, 1818 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Nov. 26, 1818 David Gillespie Bladen 



I 



432 State Officials. 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1819. 

Nov. 29, 1819 Jesse Franklin Surry 

Nov. 29, 1819 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Nov. 29, 1819 Thomas Wynns Hertford 

Nov. 29, 1819 William Blackledge Craven 

Nov. 29, 1819 David Gillespie Bladen 

Nov. 29, 1819 John Umstead Orange 

Nov. 29, 1819 Gideon Alston Halifax 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OP 1820. 

Dec. 18, 1820 Gabriel Holmes Sampson 

Dec. 18, 1820 Thomas Wynns Hertford 

Dec. 18, 1820 John Umstead Orange 

Dec. 18, 1820 Davis Gillespie Bladen 

Dec. 18, 1820 Gideon Alston .Halifax 

Dec. 18, 1820 William Blackledge Craven 

Dec. 18, 1820 Theophilus Lacy 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1821. 

Dec. 11, 1821 William Blackledge, Senior Craven 

Dec. 11, 1821 Thomas Wynns Hertford 

Dec. 11, 1821 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 11, 1821 Davis Gillespie Bladen 

Dec. 11, 1821 Thomas Kenan Duplin 

Dec. 11, 1821 Theophilus Lacy 

Dec. 13, 1821 William Davidson Mecklenburg 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1822. 

Dec. 24, 1822 Theophilus Lacy 

Dec. 24, 1822 William Davidson Mecklenburg 

Dec. 24, 1822 Thomas Wynns Hertford 

Dec. 24, 1822 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 24, 1822 William Blackledge .Craven 

Dec. 24, 1822 David Gillespie .' Bladen 

Dec. 24, 1822 Edmund Jones Wilkes 



Councilors of State. . 433 

♦ ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1823. 

Dec. 18, 1823 William Davidson Mecklenburg 

Dec. 18, 1823 Edmund Jones Wilkes 

Dec. 18, 1823 Thomas Wynns Hertford 

Dec. 18, 1823 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 18, 1823 Theophilus Lacy 

Dec. 18, 1823 William Blackledge Craven 

Dec. 18, 1823 David Gillespie Bladen 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1824. 

Dec. 27, 1824 William Blackledge Craven 

Dec. 27, 1824 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 27, 1824 John Owen Bladen 

Dec. 27, 1824 Thomas Wynns Hertford 

Dec. 27, 1824 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Dec. 27, 1824 John McDowell Rutherford 

Dec. 27, 1824 Meshack Franklin Surry 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1825. 

Dec. 16, 1825 John Owen Bladen 

Dec. 16, 1825 Meshack Franklin ; Surry 

Dec. 16, 1825 Thomas Maney Hertford 

Dec. 16, 1825 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Dec. 16, 1825 John McDowell Rutherford 

Dec. 16, 1825 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 16, 1825 William Blackledge Craven 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1826-1827. 

Jan. 22, 182.7 William B. Lockhart Northampton 

Jan. 22, 1827 Meshack Franklin Surry 

Jan. 22, 1827 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Jan, 22, 1827 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Jan. 22, 1827 John McDowell Rutherford 

Jan. 22, 1827 William Blackledge Craven 

Jan. 22, 1827 John Owen Bladen 

28 



434 State Officials. 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1827. 

Dec. 15, 1827 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 15, 1827 William Blackledge Craven 

Dec. 15, 1827 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Dec. 15, 1827 Meshack Franklin Surry 

Dec. 15, 1827 William B. Lockharr Northampton 

Dec. 15, 1827 Isaac T. Avery Burke 

Dec. 18, 1827 Archibald McBride Moore 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1828-1829. 

Jan. 6, 1829 William B. Lockhart Northampton 

Jan. 6, 1829 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Jan. 6, 1829 Archibald McBride Moore 

Jan. 6, 1829 Alexander Gray Randolph 

Jan. 6, 1829 Thomas Kenan Duplin 

Jan. 6, 1829 Nathan B. Whitfield Lenoir 

Jan. 6, 1829 Gideon Alston Halifax 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1829. 

Dec. 19, 1829 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Dec. 19,1829 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 19, 1829 Thomas Kenan Duplin 

Dec. 19, 1829 Alexander Gray Randolph 

Dec. 19, 1829 Archibald McBride Moore 

Dec. 19, 1829 Daniel M. Forney Lincoln 

Dec. 23, 1829 Joseph B. Outlaw Bertie 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1830-1831. 

Dec. 23, 1830 Alfred Jones Wake 

Dec. 23, 1830 Daniel M. Forney Lincoln 

Dec. 23, 1830 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Dec. 23, 1830 John G. Blounfi Beaufort 

Dec. 24, 1830 Nathan B. Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 24, 1830 Gideon Alston Halifax 

Dec. 24, 1830 David Newland 

Jan. 4, 1831 James Bozman 



CouNCiLOES OF State. 435 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1831. 

Dec. 21, 1831 Nathan B. Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 21, 1831 Meshack Franklin Surry 

Dec. 21, 1831 Owen Holmes New Hanover 

Dec. 21, 1831 Alfred Jones Wake 

Dec. 21, 1831 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Dec. 21, 1831 William Williams Warren 

Dec. 21, 1831 Robert C. Watson 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1832. 

Dec. 15, 1832 Owen Holmes New Hanover 

Dec. 15, 1832 Meshack Franklin Surry 

Dec. 15, 1832 Alfred Jones Wake 

Dec. 15, 1832 Nathan B. Whitfield Lenoir 

Dec. 15, 1832 Joseph B. Skinner Chowan 

Dec. 15, 1832 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Dec. 17, 1832 Clement Marshall Anson 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1833-1834. 

Jan. 9, 1834 Clement Marshall Anson 

Jan. 9, 1834 George Washington Jeffreys Person 

Jan. 9, 1834 Isham Matthews Halifax 

Jan. 0, 1834 Alfred Jones Wake 

Jan. 9, 1834 Henry Skinner Perquimans 

Jan. 9, 1834 Meshack Franklin Surry 

Jan. 10, 1834 Owen Holmes New Hanover 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1834. 

Dec. 24, 1834 William Ashe New Hanover 

Dec. 24, 1834 Louis D. Henry Cumberland 

Dec. 24, 1834 Allen Rogers Wake 

Dec. 24, 1834 Daniel Turner Warren 

Dec. 24, 1834 George Williamson Caswell 

Dec. 24, 1834 Peter H. Dillard Rockingham 

Dec. 24, 1834 Henry Skinner Perquimans 



436 State Officials. 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1835. 

Dec. 4, 1835 Henry Skinner Perquimans 

Dec. 4, 1835 Daniel Turner Warren 

Dec. 4, 1835 George Williamson Caswell 

Dec. 4, 1835 Peter H. Dillard Rockingham 

Dec. 4, 1835 Louis D. Henry Cumberland 

Dec. 4, 1835 William S. Ashe New Hanover 

Dec. 4, 1835 Allen Rogers Wake 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1836-1837. 

Dec. 28, 1836 James Watt Rockingham 

Dec. 28, 1836 George Williamson Caswell 

Dec. 28, 1836 Allen Rogers Wake 

Dec. 28, 1836 Archibald H. Davis Franklin 

Dec. 28, 1836 . Allen Goodwin Chatham 

Jan. 3, 1837 Charles E. Johnson Chowan 

Jan. 3, 1837 Francis L. Dancy Edgecombe 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1838-1839. 

Dec. 3, 1838 John A. Anderson Hertford 

Dec. 3, 1838 Allen Goodwin Chatham 

Dec. 3, 1838 .lames P. Leak Richmond 

Dec. 3, 1838 -.Johnson Busbee Wake 

Dec. 3, 1838 Thomas McGehee Person 

Dec. 3, 1838 Willie Perry Franklin 

Dec. 3, 1838 Isaac T. Avery Burke 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1840-1841. 

Dec. 17, 1840 John A. Anderson Hertford 

Dec. 17, 1840 Willie Perry Franklin 

Dec. 17, 1840 Johnson Busbee Wake 

Dec. 17, 1840 Thomas McGehee Person 

Dec. 17, 1840 Isaac T. Avery Burke 

Dec. 17, 1840 .James P. Leak Richmond 

Dec. 18, 1840 Allen Goodwin Chatham 



CouxciLOKS OF State. . 437 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1842-1843. 

Dec. 18, 1842 Henry Fitts Warren 

Dec. 18, 1842 Henry W. Conner Lincoln 

Dec. 18, 1842 Richard Dobbs Spaigtit^ Craven 

Dec. 18, 1842 Gabriel Holmes New Hanover 

Dec. 18, 1842 Alexander W. Mebane Bertie 

Dec. 18, 1842 David Watson Chatham 

Dec. 18, 1842 Thomas N. Cameron Cumberland 

Jan. 17, 1843 James D. Watt Rockingham 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1844. 

Dec. 7,1844 Richard 0. Britton Bertie 

Dec. 7, 1844 James W. Howard Jones 

Dec. 7, 1844 Willie Perry Franklin 

Dec. 7, 1844 Absalom Myers Anson 

Dec. 7, 1844 Josiah Cowles i. . . . Surry 

Dec. 7, 1844 James Lowry Buncombe 

Dec. 7, 1844 Nathaniel Roane Caswell 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1846. 

Nov. 25, 1846 David W. Saunders Onslow 

Nov 25, 1846 John McLeod Johnston 

Nov. 25, 1846 Nathaniel Roane Caswell 

Nov. 25, 1846 James Lowry Buncombe 

Nov. 25, 1846 John A. Anderson Hertford 

Nov. 25, 1846 Absalom Myers Anson 

Nov. 25, 1846 Josiah Cowles Surry 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1848. 

Dec. 15, 1848 Lewis Bond Bertie 

Dec. 15, 1848 Joshua Tayloe Beaufort 

Dec. 15, 1848 Nathaniel T. Green Warren 

Dec. 15, 1848 Charles L. Payne Davidson 

Dec. 15, 1848 John Winslow Cumberland 

Dec. 15, 1848 Thomas A. Allison Iredell 

Dec. 15, 1848 Adolphus J. Erwin McDowell 



438 



State Officials. 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



ELECTED BY THE ASSEjVIBLY OF 1850-1851. 

6, 1851 Montfort Sydney Stokes Wilkes 

6,1851 Wilson S. Hill 

6,1851 J. U. Kirkland Orange 

6, 1851 Archibald Henderson Rowan -4^ 

6,1851 W. K. Lane 

6, 1851 Whitmel Stallings Gates 

6, 1851 James J. McKay Bladen 



ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1852. 

Dec. 22, 1852 Whitmel Stallings Gates 

Dec. 22, 1852 W. K. Lane 

Dec. 22, 1852 Perrin Busbee Wake 

Dec. 22, 1852 William Hill 

Dec. 22, 1852 Archibald Henderson Rowan ^ 

Dec. 22, 1852 Columbus Mills Cleveland 

Dec. 22, 1852 B. S. French 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1854. 

Dec. 20, 1854 William Badham Chowan 

Dec. 20, 1854 Owen R. Kenan Duplin 

Dec. 20, 1854 Micajah T. Hawkins Warren 

Dec. 20, 1854 Benjamin Trolinger 

Dec. 20, 1854 Owen D. Holmes 

Dec. 20, 1854 Larkin Stowe 

Dec. 20, 1854 Samuel R. Love Haywood 



ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1856. 



Dec. 16, 1856. . 
Dec. 16, 1856. . 
Dec. 16, 1856.. 
Dec. 16, 1856. . 
Dec. 16, 1856. . 
Dec. 16, 1856. . 
Dec. 16, 1856.. 



. . G. C. Marchant 

. . D. G. W. Ward 

. .N. M. Long 

. .William D. Bethell 

. .A. A. McKay 

. .John Walker 

. .Clark M. Avery Burke 



COUNCILOBS OF STATE. 439 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1858. 

Dec. 22, 1858 Josiah T. Cranberry 

Dec. 22, 1858 John A. Averitt 

Dec. 22, 1858 John L. Bridgers Edgecombe 

Dec. 22, 1858 Jesse A. Waugh Forsyth 

Dec. 22, 1858 William J. Yates Mecklenburg 

Dec. 22, 1858 Columbus Mills Cleveland 

Dec. 22, 1858 Pleasant M. Powell* Richmond 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1860. 

Dec. 20, 1860 John W. Cuningham Person 

Dec. 20, 1860 W. L. Hilliard 

Dec. 20, 1860 Council Wooten Lenoir 

Dec. 20, 1860 W. A. Ferguson 

Dec. 20, 1860 John J. Long 

Dec. 20, 1860 David Murphy 

Dec. 20, 1860 Jesse F. Graves Surry 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1862. 

Dec. 2, 1862 Jesse R. Stubbs Martin 

Dec. 2, 1862 Fenner B. Satterthwaite Pitt 

Dec. 2, 1862 L. Etheridge Johnston 

Dec. 2, 1862 Robert P. Dick Guilford 

Dec. 2, 1862 J. R. Hargrove Anson 

Dec. 2, 1862 James Calloway Wilkes 

Dec. 2, 1862 James A. Patton Buncombe 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1864. 

Dec. 15, 1864 Patrick H. Winston, Jr Bertie 

Dec. 15, 1864 N. L. Williams Yadkin 

Dec. 15, 1864 A. G. Foster 

Dec. 16, 1864 Charles E. Shober Guilford 

Dec. 16, 1864 J. R. Hargrove Anson 

Dec. 16. 1864 William Eaton, Jr Warren 

Dec. 19, 1864 A. T. Davidson Buncombe 



440 State Officials. 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1865. 

Dec. 11, 1865 William Eaton, Jr Warren 

Dec. 12, 1865 Henry A. Lemly Forsyth 

Dec. 12, 1865 Daniel L. Russell, Sr Brunswick 

Dec. 12, 1865 Jesse J. Yeates Hertford 

Dec. 13, 1^65 W. W. Lenoiri Caldwell 

Dec. 13, 1865 William A. Wright New Hanover 

Dec. 13, 1865 Calvin J. Cowles Wilkes 

Feb. 10, 1866 R. A. Simonton Iredell 

ELECTED BY THE ASSEMBLY OF 1866. « 

Dec. 1, 1866 William A. Wright New Hanover 

Dec. 5, 1866 William Eaton, Jr Warren 

Dec. 7,1866 E. W. Jones Caldwell 

Dec. 10, 1866 Henry Joyner Halifax 

Dec. 10, 1866 Giles Mebane Alamance 

Dec. 10, 1866 Thomas S. Ashe Anson 

Dec. 10, 1866 Jesse G. Shepherd Cumberland 

NOTES. 

^Declined to serve. 

2His name appears in the Journal of the Council, but no record of his election appears 
in the Journal of the General Assembly. 

^Office vacated by his election to the Continental Congress. 

^Died in office. 

^The Journal of the Assembly for 1780 by which he was elected was lost, but his name 
appears in the Journal of the Council of State. 

^Since 1868 the Council of State has been composed of the Secretary of State, the State 
Treasurer, the State Auditor, and the Superintendent of Public Instruction, ex officio. 



Secretakies of State and Treasurers. 441 

SECEETARIES OF STATE. 

1777-1798 James Glasgow Dobbs 

1798-1810 William White Lenoir 

1811-1859 William Hill Rockingham 

1859-1862 Rufus H. Page Wake 

1862-1864 John P. H. Russ '. Wake 

1864-1865 Charles R. Thomas Craven 

1866-1867 Robert W. Best Green 

1868-1871 Henry J. Memminger Wake 

1872-1875 William H. Howerton Rowan 

1876-1879 Joseph A. Engelhard New Hanover 

1879-1891 Vv^illiam L. Saunders Wake 

1891-1895 Octavius Coke Wake 

1895-1896 Charles M. Cooke Franklin 

1897-1900 Cyrus Thompson Onslow 

1901- J. Bryan Grimes Pitt 

TREASURERS. 

From 1777 to 1779, the State was divided into two districts, North- 
ern and Southern, each with a treasurer. From 1779 to 1782, there 
were six districts, each with a treasurer, as follows: Edenton, Salis- 
bury, Hillsboro, Halifax, New Bern, Wilmington. In 1782, a seventh 
district-Morgan-was created. In 1784, the district system was aban- 
doned and a treasurer for the State was elected. The district treas- 
urers were as follows: 

1777-1779 Southern District. . . .John Ashe, New Hanover 

1777- Northern District. .. .Samuel Johnstoni, Chowan 

1777-1779 Northern District William Skinner 

1779-1784 Edenton District William Skinner 

1779-1782 Salisbury District. ...William Cathey 

1782-1784 Salisbury District. ...Robert Lanier 

1779- Hillsboro District.. . .William Johnstoni 

1779- Hillsboro District. .. .Nathaniel Rochesters 

1779-1782 Hillsboro District Matthew Jones 



'Declined to serve. 

^Election declared illegal because he was a member of the General .\ssembl}'. 



442 State Officials. 

1782-1784 Hillsboro District Memucan Hunt, Granville 

1779-1784 Halifax District .Green Hill 

1779-1782 New Bern District... Ricliard Cogdell, Craven 

1782-1784 New Bern District. . .Benjamin Exum 

1779-1782 Wilmington District. John Ashe, New Hanover 

1782-1784 Wilmington District. Timothy Bloodworth, New Hanover 

1782-1784 Morgan District John Brown 

1784-1787 Memucan Hunt Granville 

1787-1827 John Haywood Edgecombe 

1827-1827 John S. Haywood Wake 

1827-1830 William Robards Granville 

1830- Robert H. Burtoni Lincoln 

1830-1835 William S. Mhoon Bertie 

1835-1837 Samuel P. Patterson Wilkes 

1837-1839 Daniel W. Courts Surry 

1839-1843 Charles L. Hinton Wake 

1843-1845 John H. Wheeler Lincoln 

1845-1852 Charles L. Hinton Wake 

1852-1862 Daniel W. Courts Surry 

1862-1865 Jonathan Worth Randolph 

1865-1865 William Sloan '. Anson 

1865-1868 Kemp P. Battle Wake 

1869-1876 David A. Jenkins Gaston 

1876-1885 John M. Worth Randolph 

1886-1892 Donald W. Bain Wake 

1893-1896 Samuel McD. Tate Burke 

1897-1900 William H. Worth Guilford 

1901- Benjamin R. Lacy Wake 

COMPTROLLERS. 

1782-1784 Richard Caswell Dobbs 

1784-1808 John Craven Halifax 

1808-1821 Samuel Goodwin Cumberland 

1821-1827 Joseph Hawkins Warren 

-1827 John L. Henderson Rowan 

1827-1834 James Grant Halifax 

1834-1836 Nathan Stedman Chatham 



Superintendents of Puhlk IxstrlCtiox. 443 

1836-1851 William F. Collins Nash 

1851-1855 William J. Clarke Wake 

1855-1857 George W. Brooks Pasquotank 

1857-1867 Curtis H. Brogden Wayne 

1867-1868 S. W. Burgin 

AUDITORS OF PUBLIC AtCOr>TS.i 

1862-1864 Samuel F. Phillips Orange 

1864-1865 Richard H. Battle Wake 

AUDITORS. 

1868-1873 Henderson Adams 

1873-1875 John Reilley Cumberland 

1876-1879 Samuel L. Love Haywood 

1880-1889 William P. Roberts Gates 

1890-1893 George W. Sanderlin Lenoir 

1893-1897 Robert M. Furman Buncombe 

1898-1900 Hal W. Ayer Wake 

1901-1910 Benjamin F. Dixon Cleveland • 

1910- Benjamin F. Dixon, Jr Wake 

1911- William P. Wood Randolph 

SUPERINTENDENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS.- 

1853-1865 Calvin H. Wiley Guilford 

SUPERINTENDENTS OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

1868-1872 S. S. Ashley New Hanover 

1872-1874 Alexander Mclver Guilford 

1874-1876 Stephen D. Pool Craven 

i877-1884 John C. Scarborough Johnston 

1885-1892 Sidney M. Finger Catawba 

1893-1896 John C. Scarborough Hertford 

1897-1900 Charles H. Mebane Catawba 

1901-1902 Thomas F. Toon Robeson 

1902- James Y. Joyner Guilford 



iThis office was created by the Laws of 1862, and abolished a few years later. 
^Office abolished in 1865. 



444 State Officials. 



ATTORNEYS-GE^ERAL OF >ORTH CAROLINA. 

1777-1779 Waightstill Avery Burke 

1779-1782 James Iredel! Chowan 

1782-1791 Alfred. Moore Brunswick 

1791-1794 John Haywood Halifax 

1795-1802 Blake Baker Edgecombe 

1803-1808 Henry Seawell Wake 

1808-1810 Oliver Fitts Warren 

1810 William Miller Warren 

1810-1816 Hutchins G. Burton Halifax 

1816-1825 William Drew Halifax 

1825-1828 James F. Taylor Wake 

1828- Robert H. Jones Warren 

1828-1835 Romulus M. Sauuder;? Caswell 

1835-1834 John R. J. Daniel Halifax 

1840-1842 Hugh McQueen Chatham 

1842-1846 Spier Whitaker Halifax 

1846-1848 Edward Stanly Beaufort 

18^8-1851 Bartholomew F. Moore Halifax 

1851-1852 William Eaton, Jr Warren 

1852-1855 Matt W. Ransom Northampton 

1855-1856 Joseph B. Batchelor Warren 

1856-1860 William H. Bailey l^VecklenburgA 

1860-1863 William A. Jenkins Granville . 

1863-1868 Sion H. Rogers Wake 

1868-1870 William M. Coleman 

1870-1871 Lewis P. Olds Wake 

1871-1873 William M. Shipp Lincoln 

1873-1876 Tazewell L. Hargrove Granville * 

1876-1885 Thomas S. Kenan Wilson 

1885-1893 Theodore F. Davidson Buncombe 

1893-1897 Frank L Osborne Mecklenburg 

1897-1900 Zeb V. Walser Davidson 

1900-1901 Robert D. Douglas Guilford 

1901-1909 Robert D. Gilmer Haywood 

1909- Thomas W. Bickett '. .Franklin 



COMMISSIOXERS. 445 



SOLICITORS-GENERAL. 

1790-1792 John Haywood Halifax 

1792-1827 Edward Jones New Hanover 

1827-18— John Scott Orange 

COMMISSIONERS OF AGRICULTURE. 

1877-1880 Leonidas L. Polk Anson 

1880-1887 Montford McGehee Caswell 

1887-1895 John Robinson Anson 

1895-1897 Samuel L. Patterson Caldwell 

1897-1898 J. M. Mewborn Lenoir 

1898-1899 John R. Smith Wayne 

1899-1908 Samuel L. Patterson Caldwell 

1908- William A. Graham Lincoln 

COMMISSIONERS OF LABOR AND PRINTING. 

1887-1889 Wesley N. Jones Wake 

1889-1893 Joha C. Scarborough Hertford 

1893-1897 Benjamin R. Lacy Wake 

1897-1899 James Y. Hamrick Cleveland 

1899-1901 Benjamin R. Lacy Wake 

1901-1908 Henry B. Varner Davidson 

1909- Mitchell L. Shipman Henderson 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE. 

1899 James R. Young Vance 



446 State Officials. 



JUSTICES OF THE SCPKEME COURT. 

NoTE.^Until 186S the Justices of the Supreme Court were elected by the General Assem- 
bly and served during good behavior. The court chose its own Cliief Justice. 

Since 1.S68 the Chief Justiceship has been a distinct office, the Chief Justice being 
elected by the people for a term of eight years. 

CHIEF JUSTICES. 

181S-1829 John Louis Taylor Cumberland 

1829-1833 Leonard Henderson Granville 

1833-1852 Thomas Ruffin Orange 

1852-1858 Frederick Nash Orange 

1858-1868 Richmond M. Pearson Yadkin 

1868-1878 Richmond M. Pearson Yadkin 

1878-1889 William N. H. Smith Wake 

1889-1893 Augustus S. Merrimon Wake 

1893-1895 James E. Shepherd Beaufort 

1895-1901 William T. Faircloth Wayne 

1901-1903 David M. Furches Iredell 

1903- Walter Clark Wake 



ASSOCIATE JUSTICES. 

Elected by the General Assembly Dvrixg Good Behavior. 

1818-1832 John Hall Warren 

1818-1829 Leonard Henderson Granville 

1829 Jcha D. Toomer' Cumberland 

1829-1833 Thomas Ruffin Orange 

1832-1848 Joseph J. Daniel Halifax 

1833-1844 William Gaston Craven 

1844-1852 Frederick Nash Orange 

1848 William H. Battle^ Edgecombe 

1848-1858 Richmond M. Pearson Yadkin 

1852-1868 William H. Battle Edgecombe 

1858-1860 Thomas Ruffin Orange 

1860-1865 Matthias E. Manly Craven 

1885-1868 Edwin G. Reade Person 



'Appointed by the Governor to serve until the General Assemljly filled the vacanc.v. 



Justices of Supkeme Court. 447 

Elected by the People for a Term of Eight Years. 

1868-1878 Edwin G. Reade Person 

1868-1878 William B. Rodman Beaufort 

1868-1876 Robert P. Dick Guilford 

1868-1876 Thomas Settle Rockingham 

1871-1873 Nathaniel Boyden Rowan 

1873-1879 William P. Bynum Mecklenburg 

1876-1879 William T. Faircloth Wayne 

1879-1887 Thomas S. Ashe Anson 

1879-1881 John H. Dillard Guilford 

1881-1885 Thomas Ruffin, Jr Orange 

1885-1889 Augustus S. Merrimon Wake 

1889-1893 Joseph J. Davis Franklin 

1889-1893 James E. Shepherd Beaufort 

1889-1897 Alphonso C. Avery Burke 

1889-1903 Walter Clark Wake 

1893-1895 James C. MacRae Cumberland 

1893-1895 Armistead Burwell Mecklenburg 

1895-1901 David M. Furches Iredell 

1895-1905 Walter A. Montgomery Wake 

1897-1905 Robert M. Douglas Guilford 

1901-1903 Charles A. Cook Warren 

1903-1909 Henry G. Connor Wilson 

190.3- Piatt D. Walker Mecklenburg 

1905- George H. Brown Beaufort 

1905- William A. Hoke Lincoln 

1909-1910 James S. Manning Durham 

1911- William R. Allen Wayne 

JUDGES OF THE SUPERIOR COURT. 

Note. — Until 18G8 elected by the General Assembly to serve during good behavior. 
Since 18S8 elected by the people for a, term of eight years. 

1777-1778 James Iredell Chowan 

1777-1795 Samuel- Ashe New Hanover 

1777-1794 Samuel Spencer Anson 

1778-1790 John VvUlliams Granville 

1782-1808 Spruce Macay Rowan 

1794-1800 John Haywood Halifax 



448 State Officials. 

1794-1798 David Stone Bertie 

1798-1799 Alfred Moore Brunswick 

1798-1818 John Louis Taylor Cumberland 

1800-1803 Samuel Johnston Chowan 

1800-1818 John Hall Warren 

1803-1814 Francis Locke Rowan 

1806-1808 David Stone Bertie 

1806-1818 Samuel Lowrie Mecklenburg 

1808 Blake Baker Warren 

1808-1816 Leonard Henderson Granville 

1808-1811 Joshua G. Wright New Hanover 

1811 Henry Seawell Wake 

1811-1813 Edward Harris Craven 

1813-1819 Henry Seawell Wake 

1814-1816 Duncan Cameron Orange 

1816-1818 Thomas Ruffin Orange 

1816-1832 Joseph J. Daniel Halifax 

1818 Robert H. Burton Lincoln 

1818 Blake Baker Warren 

1818-1826 John Paxton Rutherford 

1818-1819 John D. Toomer Cumberland 

1818-1826 Frederick Nash Orange 

1818-1820 Archibald D. Murphey Orange 

1819 James Iredell Chowan 

1819-1837 John R. Donnell Craven 

1819-1820 Willie P. Mangum Orange 

1820-1836 William Norwood Orange 

1820-1825 George E. Badger Wakei 

1825-1828 Thomas Ruffin Orange 

1827-1836 Robert Strange Cumberland 

1827 Willie P. Mangum Orange 

1827-1835 James Martin Rowan 

1828-1829 Willie P. Mangum Orange 

1830-1832 David L. Swain Buncombe 

1832-1835 Henry Seawell Wake 

1832-1857 Thomas Settle Rockingham 

1835-1840 Romulus M. Saunders Caswell 

1835-1862 John M. Dick Guilford 



Judges of Superior Court. ' 449 

1836-1844 Frederick Nash Orange 

1836-1848 Richmond M. Pearson Davie 

1837-1863 John L. Bailey Pasquotank 

1837-1840 John D. Toomer Cumberland 

1840-1841 Edward Hall Warren 

1840-1848 William H. Battle .Edgecombe 

1840-1860 Matthias E. Manly Craven 

1844-1859 David F. Caldwell Rowan 

1848 Augustus Moore Chowan 

1848-1858 John W. Ellis Rowan 

1849-1852 William H. Battle Edgecombe 

1852-1867 Romulus M. Saunders Wake 

1854-1858 Samuel J. Person New Hanover 

1859-1865 R. R. Heath Chowan 

1859-1860 Jesse G. Shepherd Cumberland 

1859-1865 James W. Osborne Mecklenburg 

1859-1865 George Howard, Jr -. . . .Edgecombe 

1860-1865 Robert S. French Robeson 

1861-1862 Thomas Ruffin, Jr Rockingham 

1862-1863 John Kerr Caswell 

1863-1868 Robert B. Gilliam p . . .Granville 

1863-1865 Edwin G. Reade Person 

1863-1868 William M. Shipp Lincoln 

1865-1868 David A. Barnes Hertford 

1865-1881 Ralph P. Buxton Cumberland 

1865-1867 Daniel G. Fowle Wake 

1865-1875 Anderson Mitchell .Iredell 

1865-1867 Augustus S. Merrimon Buncombe 

1865-1868 Edward J. Warren Beaufort 

1867-1868 Alexander Little Anson 

1867-1868 Clinton A. Cilley Caldwell 

1868-1872 Charles C. Pool Pasquotank 

1868-1871 Charles R. Thomas Craven 

1868-1874 Daniel L. Russell .Brunswick 

1868-1874 Albion W. Tourgee Guilford 

1868-1874 George W. Logan Rutherford 

1868-1871 Edmund W. Jones Edgecombe 

1868-1877 Samuel W. Watts Franklin 

29 



450 State Officials. 

1868-1879 John M. Cloud 

1868-1879 James L. Henry Buncombe 

1868-1879 Riley A. Cannon 

1871-1879 William A. Moore Chowan 

1871-1874 William J. Clarke Craven 

1872-1874 Jonathan W. Albertson Perquimans 

1874-1883 Mills L. Eure • Gates 

1874-1879 John Kerr Caswell 

1874-1885 Allmand A. McKoy Sampson 

1874-1882 Augustus S. Seymour ;. . . .Craven 

1874-1881 David Schenck Lincoln 

1877-1879 William R. Cox Wake 

1875-1879 David M. Furches Iredell 

1879-1888 Alphonso C. Avery Burke 

1879-1894 Jesse F. Graves Surry 

1879-1886 James C. L. Gudger Haywood 

1881-1882 Risden T. Bennett Anson 

1881-1889 John A. Gilmer Guilford 

1881-1890 William M. Shipp Lincoln 

1882-1883 Henry A. Gilliam Edgecombe 

1882-1890 James C. MacRae Cumberland 

1883-1890 Frederick Philips Edgecombe 

1883-1888 James E. Shepherd Beaufort 

1885-1893 Henry G. Connor Wilson 

1885-1889 Walter Clark Wake 

1885-1888 William J. Montgomery Cabarrus 

1885-1896 Edwin T. Boykin Sampson 

1886-1892 James H. Merrimon Buncombe 

1888-1895 Robert F. Armfield Iredell 

1888-1904 George H. Brown, Jr Beaufort - 

1888-1895 John Gray Bynum Burke 

1890-1907 Henry R. Bryan Craven 

1890-1904 William A. Hoke Lincoln 

1890-1898 James D. Mclver Moore 

1889-1894 Spier Whitaker Wake 

1889-1890 Thomas B. Womack Chatham 

1890-1895 Robert W. Winston Granville 

1892-1895 George A. Shuford Buncombe 



Judges of Superior Court. 451 

1893-1895 Jacob Battle Nash 

1894-1895 William R. Allen "Wayne 

1894-1895 W. H. Mebane Rockingham 

1895-1903 Albert L. Coble Iredell 

1895-1896 Augustus W. Graham Granville 

1895-1898 Leonidas L. Greene Watauga 

1895-1898 William L. Norwood Haywood 

1895-1903 William S. O'B. Robinson Wayne 

1895-1903 Henry R. Starbuck Forsyth 

1895-1903 E. W. Timberlake Franklin 

1897- Spencer B. Adams Person 

1897- Oliver H. Alien Lenoir 

1899-1900 Jacob W. Bowman Mitchell 

1898-1907 Thomas A. McNeill Robeson 

1898-1908 Frederick Moore Buncombe 

1898-1907 Thomas J. Shaw Guilford 

1900-1910 William B. Councill Catawba 

1901- Michael H. Justice Rutherford 

1901-1903 George A. Jones Macon 

1901-1908 Walter H. Neal .Scotland 

1901-1903 Francis D. Winston Bertie 

1903-1910 William R. Allen Wayne 

1903- Charles M. Cooke Franklin 

1903- Garland S. Ferguson Haywood 

1903-1909 Erastus B. Jones Forsyth 

1903- Benjamin F. Long ■ Iredell 

1903- Robert B. Peebles Northampton 

1907-1909 Owen H. Guion Craven 

1904-1911 George W. Ward Pasquotank 

1904- James L. Webb Lincoln 

1907- C. C. Lyon Bladen 

1907-1911 J. Crawford Biggs Durham 

1908- W. J. Adams Moore 

1908 J. D. Murphy Buncombe 

1908-1910 Joseph S. Adams Buncombe 

1909-1910 D. L. Ward Craven 

1909-1910 George P. Pell Forsyth 

1910- Harry W. Whedbee Pitt 



452 State Officials. 

1910- Frank A. Daniels Wayne 

1910- Henry P. Lane Rockingham 

1910- Edward B. Cline Catawba 

1911- Frank Carter Buncombs 

1911- Stephen C. Bragaw Beaufort 

1911-1913 Howard A. Foushee Durham 

1913- George Rountree New Hanover 

1913- George W. Connor Wilson 

1913- Thomas J. Shaw Guilford 

1913- C. H. Duls Mecklenburg 

1913- Willam A. Devin Granville 



OFFICIALS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



ASSEMBLY OP 1777. 

First Session: New Bern, April 7, 1777-May 9, 1777. 

Second Session: New Bern, November 15, 1777-December 24, 1777. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Samuel Ashe New Hanover 

Clerk James Green, Jr Craven 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Abner Nash Craven 

Clerk Benjamin Exum Dobbs 

ASSEMBLY OF 1778-1779. 

First Session: New Bern, April 14, 1778-May 2, 1778. 
Second Session: Hillsboro, August 8, 1778-[August 19, 1778]. i 
Third Session: Halifax, January 19, 1779-February 13, 1779. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Whitmel Hills Martin 

Allen Jones Northampton 

Clerk John Sitgreaves Craven 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John Williams- Granville 

Thomas Benbury. Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1779. 

First Session: Smithfield, May 3, 1779-May 15, 1779. 

Second Session: Halifax, October 18, 1779-November 10, 1779. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Allen Joness Northampton 

Abner Nash Craven 

Clerk John Sitgreaves Craven 



454 



State Officials. 



. Chowan 



HOUSE OP COMMONS. 

Speaker Thomas Benbury . . . 

Clerk John Hunt 



ASSEMBLY OF 1780-1781. 

First Session: Journals Missing. 

Second Session: Journals Missing. 

Third Session : Halifax, January 27, 1781-February 13, 1781. 



SENATE. 

Speaker Alexander Martin. 

Clerk John Haywood . . . . 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Thomas Benbury. . . 

Clerk John Hunt 



. Guilford 
Edgecombe 

. Chowan 



ASSEMBLY OF 1781. 
Wake Court House, June 23, 1781-July 14, 1781. 



SENATE. 

Speaker Alexander Martin. 

Clerk John Haywood . . . 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Thomas Benbury. . . 

Clerk John Hunt 



.Guilford 
.Edgecombe 

. Chowan 



ASSEMBLY OF 1782. 
Hillsboro, April 15, 1782-May 18, 1782. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Alexander Martin^ 

Richard Caswell 

Clerk John Haywood 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Thomas Benbury. . . 

Clerk .^ John Hunt 



Guilford 
Dobbs 
.Edgecombe 

Chowan 



Officials of the General Assembly. 



455 



ASSEMBLY OP 1783. 
Hillsboro, April 18, 1783-May 17, 1783. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Richard Caswell 

Clerk John Haywood 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Edward Starkey . . . , 

Clerk John Hunt 



Dobbs 
Edgecombe 

Onslow 



ASSEMBLY OF 1784. 
April 19, 1784-June 3, 1784. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Richard Caswell 

Clerk John Haywood 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Thomas Benbury. . . 

Clerk John Hunt 



Dobbs 
.Edgecombe 

.Chowan 



ASSEMBLY OF 1784. 
New Bern, October 25, 1784-November 26, 1784. 



SENATE. 

Speaker Richard Caswell. 

Clerk John Haywood . . 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William Blount 

Clerk John Hunt 



.Dobbs 
.Edgecombe 

. Craven 



ASSEMBLY OP 1785. 
New Bern, November 19, 1785-December 29, 1785. 



SENATE. 

Speaker Alexander Martin. 

Clerk John Haywood . . . 



.Guilford 
.Edgecombe 



456 State Officials. 

house of commons. 

Speaker Richard Dobbs Spaight Craven 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1786. 
Fayetteville, November 20, 1786-January 6, 1787. 

SENATE. 

Speaker James Coor Craven 

Clerk John Haywood > Edgecombe 

Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John B. Ashe Halifax 

Clerk John Hunt 

'ASSEMBLY OF 1787. 
Tarboro, November 19, 1787-December 22, 1787. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Alexander Martin Guilford 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John Sitgreiaves New Bern^ 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1788. 
Fayetteville, November 3, 1788-December 6, 1788. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Alexander Martin Guilford 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John Sitgreaves New Bern^ 

Clerk John Hunt 



Officials of the Gexeual Assembly. 457 

ASSEMBLY OF 1789. 
Fayetteville, November 2, 1789-December 22, 1789. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Richard Caswelli* Dobbs 

Charles Johnson Chowan 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1790. 
Fayetteville, November 1, 1790-December 15, 1790. 

SENATE. 

Speaker William Lenoir Wilkes 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1791. 
New Bern, December 5, 1791-January 19, 1792. 

SENATE. 

Speaker William Lenoir Wilkes 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE or COMMONS. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1792. 
New Bern, November 15, 1792-January 1, 1793. 

SENATE. 

Speaker William Lenoir Wilkes 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 



458 State Officials. 

house of commons. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OP 1793. 
Fayetteville, December 2, 1793-January 11, 1794. 

SENATE. 

Speaker William Lenoir Wilkes 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker .John Leigh Edgecombe 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OP 1794-1795. 
Raleigh, December 30, 1794-February 7, 1795. 

SENATE. 

Speaker William Lenoir Wilkes 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Timothy Bloodworth New Hanover 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OP 1795. 
November 2, 1795-December 9, 1795. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Benjamin Smith Brunswick 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John Leigh Edgecombe 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OP 1796. 
November 21, 1796-December 25, 1796. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Benjamin Smith Brunswick 

Clerk Sherwood Hayw^ood Edgecombe 



Officials of the General Assembly. 459 

house of commons. 

Speaker John Leigh* Edgecombe 

Mussendine Matthews Iredell 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OP 1797. 
November 20, 1797-December 23, 1797. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Benjamin Smith Brunswick 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Mussendine Matthews Iredell 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1798. 
November 19, 1798-December 24, 1798. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Benjamin Smith Brunswick 

Clerk Sherwood Haywood Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Mussendine Matthews Iredell 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1799. 
November 18, 1799-December 23, 1799. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Benjamin Smith Brunswick/i 

Clerk Montfort Stokes .JCWife^a. /o^Vt^. 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Mussendine Matthews Iredell 

Clerk John Hunt 



460 State Officials. 

ASSEMBLY OF 1800. 
November 17, 1800-December 20, 1800. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Joseph Riddick Gates rs 

Olerk Montfort Stokes rWtJ k e s \t\AN^\y\y. 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1801. 
November 16, 1801-December 19, 1801. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Joseph Riddick Gates a J 

Clerk Montfort Stokes WtH*«s - f^ ■ 



^WH^ 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1802. 
November 15, 1802-December 18, 1802. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Joseph Riddick Gates 

Clerk Montfort Stokes Wilkes *>M^ v' /X^V 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Olerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1803. 
November 21, 1803-December 22, 1803. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Joseph Riddick Gatps ^ 

Clerk Montfort Stokes Wtfk^s ^S^AW , 



Officials of the General Assembly. 461 

hoitse of commons. 

speaker Stephen Cabarrus . .Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OP 1804. 
November 19, 1804-December 19, 1804. 



Cltr^'in^ 



SENATE. 

Speaker Joseph Riddick Gates 

Clerk Montfort Stokes *A¥i«4eB- 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1805. 
November 18, 1805-December 21, 1805. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Alexander Martin Rockingham 

Clerk Montfort Stokes Wilfcea. / .. . - '■ M^^^ 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Stephen Cabarrus Chowan 

Clerk John Hunt 

ASSEMBLY OF 1806. 
November 17, 1806-December 21, 1806. 



SENATE. 

Speaker Joseph Riddick Gates /^i 

Clerk Montfort Stokes WiH&es 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John Moore Lincoln 

Clerk John Hunt 



(J6jlf^^ 



462 



State Officials. 



ASSEMBLY OF 1807. 
November 16, 1807-December 18, 1807. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Joseph Riddick Gates 



Clerk Montfort Stokes. 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

speaker Joshua G. Wright. . . 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson. 



rWilfeee 



^ 



^W 



.Wilmington" 
.Granville 



Speaker . 
Clerk. . . . 



Speaker . 
Clerk.. .. 



ASSEMBLY OF 1808. 
November 21, 1808-December 23, 1808. 

SENATE. 

Joseph Riddick Gates 

Montfort Stokes -.-^WTIkes 



(ili>r^ 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

.Joshua G. Wright Wilmington' 

.Pleasant Henderson Granville 



Speaker. 
Clerk.... 



Speaker. 
Clerk.... 



ASSEMBLY OF 1809. 
November 20, 1809-December 23, 1809. 

SENATE. 



.Joseph Riddick Gates 

.Montfort Stokes Wilkes 



^ 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

.Thomas Davis Fayetteville" 

.Pleasant Henderson Granville 



Speaker . 
Clerk... , 



ASSEMBLY OF 1810. 
November 19, 1810-December 22, 1810. 

SENATE. 

Joseph Riddick Gates 

Montfort Stokes Wilkes ',}N 



Officials of the General Assembly. 463 

house of commons. 

Speaker William Hawkins Granville 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1811. 
November 18, 1811-December 23, 1811. 



SENATE. 

Speaker Joseph Riddick Gates 

Clerk Montfort Stokes JSOlkfls 



(UWL 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William Hawkinss Granville 

John Steele Salisbury- 
Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1812. 
November 16, 1812-December 25, 1812. 



SENATE. 

Speaker George Outlaw Bertie 

Clerk Montfort Stokes Wilkes 



flAni>^ 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William Miller Warren 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1813. 
November 15, 1813-December 25, 1813. 



SENATE. 

Speaker George Outlaw Bertie 

Clerk Montfort Stokes Wilkes 



/(Wm. 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William Miller Warren 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 



464 State Officials. 

ASSEMBLY OP 1814. 
November 21, 1814-December 27, 1814. 

SENATE. 

Speaker George Outlaw Bertie ^ 

Clerk Montfort Stokes ,-Wttk«s ^JV 5^ 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William Millers Warren 

Frederick Nash Orange 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1815. 
November 20, 1815-December 21, 1815. 



SENATE. 

Speaker .John Branch Halifax 

Clerk Montfort Stokes WU^gS 

« 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



PU>y^.,. 



Speaker John Craige Orange 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1816. 
November 18, 1816-December 28, 1816. 

SENATE. 

Speaker John Branch Halifax ^. 

Clerk Montfort Stokess Wilkes \' ...•^VfO^-, 

Robert Williams 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Thomas Rufflne Hillsboro' 

James Iredell Edenton'f 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 



Officials of the Ge.nesal Assembly. 



465 



ASSEMBLY OF 1817. 
November 17, 1817-December 24, 1817. 

SENATE. 

Speaker John Branchs Halifax 

Bartlett Yancey Caswell 

Clerk Robert Williams 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker James Iredell 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson. 



.EdentonT 
. Granville 



.Caswell 



ASSEMBLY OF 1818. 
November 16, 1818-December 26, 1818. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey 

Clerk Robert Williams 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker James Iredell Edenton^ 

Clerk. . . ; Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1819. 
November 15, 1819-December 25, 1819. 



SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey 

Clerk Robert Williams 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Romulus M. Saunders. 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson . . . 



.Caswell 



. Caswell 
. Granville 



ASSEMBLY OF 1820. 
November 20, 1820-December 25, 1820. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey Caswell 

Clerk Robert Williams 

30 



466 



State Officials. 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Romulus M. Saunders. 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson . . . 



.Caswell 
.Granville 



ASSEMBLY OF 1821. 
November 19, 1821-January 1, 1822. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey Caswell 

Clerk Benjamin H. Covington 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker James Mebane 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson. 



. Orange 
.Granville 



ASSEMBLY OF 1822. 
November 18, 1822-December 31, 1822. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey Caswell 

Clerk Benjamin H. Covington 



< 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John D. Jones 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson. 



.Wilmington'^ 
.Granville 



ASSEMBLY OF 1823. 
November 17, 1823-January 1, 1824. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey 

Clerk Benjamin H. Covington 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Alfred Moore Brunswick 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 



.Caswell 



Officials of the General Assembly. 467 

ASSEMBLY OF 1824. 
November 15, 1824-January 5, 1825. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey Caswell 

Clerk Benjamin H. Covington 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker ^Alfred Moore Brunswick 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Gi'anville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1825. 
November 21, 1825- January 4, 1826. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey Caswell 

Clerk Benjamin H. Covington 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John Stanly New Bernf 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1826-1827. 
December 25, 1826-February 12, 1827. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey Caswell 

Clerk Benjamin H. Covington 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John Stanlyis New BernT 

James Iredell Chowan 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OF 1827. 
November 19, 1827-January 7, 1828. 

' SENATE. 

Speaker Bartlett Yancey Caswell 

Clerk James W. Clark 



468 State Officials. 

house of commons. 

Speaker James Iredell Edenton' 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville - 

ASSEMBLY OF 1828. 
November 17, 1828-January 10, 1829. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Jesse Speight Green 

Clerk James W. Clark 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Thomas Settle Rockingham 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OP 1829. 
November 16, 1829-January 8, 1830. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Bedford Browns Caswell 

D. F. Caldwell Rowan 

Clerk Samuel F. Patterson 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker W. J. Alexander Mecklenburg 

Clerk Pleasant Henderson Granville 

ASSEMBLY OP 1830. 
November 15, 1830-January 8, 1831. 

SENATE. 

Speaker David P. Caldwell Rowan 

Clerk Samuel P. Patterson 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Charles Fisher Salisbury" 

Clerk Charles Manly Wake 



Offici^u-s of the Gexeral Assembly. 469 

ASSEMBLY OF 1831. 
November 21, 1831-January 14, 1832. 

SENATE. 

Speaker David F. Caldwell Rowan 

Clerk Samuel F. Patterson 

HOUSE OF COMirOXS. 

Speaker Charles Fisher Salisbury^ 

Clerk ■ Charles Manly Wake 

ASSEMBLY OF 1833. 
November 18, 1833-January 13, 1834. 

SENATE. 

Speaker William D. Moseley Lenoir 

Clerk Samuel F. Patterson 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William J. Alexander Mecklenburg 

Clerk Charles Manly Wake 

ASSEMBLY OF 1834. 
November 17, 1834-January 10, 1835. 

SENATE. 

Speaker William D. Moseley Lenoir 

Clerk Samuel F. Patterson 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William .J. Alexander Mecklenburg 

Clerk Charles Manly Wake 

ASSEMBLY OF 1835. 
November 16, 1835-December 22, 1835. 

SENATE. 

Speaker William D. Moseley Lenoir 

Clerk William J. Cowan 



470 Statk Officials. 

house of commons. 

Speaker William H. Haywood Wake 

Clerk Charles Manly Wake 

ASSEMBLY OP 1836-1837. 
November 21, 1836-January 23, 1837. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Hugh Waddell Orange 

Clerk Thomas G. Stone Franklin 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William H. Haywood Wake 

Clerk Charles Manly Wake 

ASSEMBLY OF 1838-1839. 
November 19, 1838-January 8, 1839. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Andrew Joyner Halifax 

Clerk Thomas G. Stone Franklin 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. . 

Speaker William A. Graham Orange 

Clerk Charles Manly Wake 

ASSEMBLY OF 1840-1841. 
November 16, 1840-January 12, 1841. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Andrew Joyner Halifax- 
Clerk Thomas G. Stone Franklin 

HOUSE OF COMMOXS. 

Speaker William A. Graham^ Orange 

Robert B. Gilliam Granville 

Clerk Charles Manly Wake 



Officials of the General Assembly. 



471 



ASSEMBLY OF 1842-1843. 
November 21, 1842-January 28, 1843. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Louis D. Wilson 

Clerk Thomas G. Stone 



HOUSE of commons. 

Speaker Calvin Graves 

Clerk.. Lewis H. Marsteller. 



.Edgecombe 
. Franklin 



.Caswell 
.New Hauover 



ASSEMBLY OF 1844-1845. 
November 18, 1844-January 10, 1845. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Burgess S. Gaither Burke 

Clerk Thomas G. Stone Franklin 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Edward Stanly Beaufort 

Clerk , Charles Manly .Wake 

ASSEMBLY OF 1846-1847. 
November 16, 1846-January 18, 1847. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Andrev/ Joyner Halifax 

derk Henry W. Miller Wake 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Edward Stanly Beaufort 

Clerk Charles Manly Wake 

ASSEMBLY OF 1848-1849. 
November 20, 1848-January 27, 1849. 



Speaker . 



Clerk. 



SENATE. 

. Calvin Gravess Caswell 

Andrew Joyner Halifax 

.Henry W. Miller Wake 



472 



State Officials. 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker. Robert B. Gilliam. . , 

Clerk Perrin Busbee 



.Granville 
.Wake 



ASSEMBLY OF 1850-1851. 
November 18, 1850-January 29, 1851. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Weldon N. Edwards 

Olerk John Hill 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker ,James C. Dobbin. . . . 

Olerk Perrin Busbee 



.Warren 
. Stokes 

.Cumberland 
.Wake 



ASSEMBLY OF 1852. 
October 4, 1852-December 27, 1852. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Weldon N. Edwards 

Cl6fk John Hill 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker John Baxter 

Clerk 3tephen D. Pool 



.Warren 
. Stokes 

.Henderson 
.Pasquotank 



Speaker. 
Olerk. , . 



ASSEMBLY OF 1854-1855. 
November 20, 1854-February 16, 1855. 

SENATE. 

Warren Winslow Cumberland 

John Hill Stokes 



HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Samuel P. Hill Caswell 

Clerk James T. Marriott Wake 

ASSEMBLY OF 1856-1857. 
November 17, 1856-February 3, 1857. 



Speaker. 
Clerk.. . 



SENATE. 

.W. W. Avery Burke 

.John Hill Stokes 



OfficiaLvS of the General Assembly. 473 

house of commons. 

Speaker Jesse G. Shepherd Cumberland 

Clerk Edward Cantwell New Hanover 

- ASSEMBLY OF 1858-1859. 
November 15, 1858-February 17, 1859. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Henry T. Clark Edgecombe 

Clerk John Hill Stokes 

HOUSE OF COMMO.XS. 

Speaker Thomas Settle, Jr Rockingham 

Clerk Edward Cantwell New Hanover 

ASSEMBLY OF 1860-1861. 

Regular Session: November 19, 1860-February 25, 1861. 

Extra Session: May 1, 1861-May 13, 1861. 

Extra Session: August 15, 1861-September 23, 1861. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Henry T. Clark Edgecombe 

Clerk J. W. Alspaugh Forsyth 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker William T. Dortch'O Wayne 

Nathan N. Fleming Rowan 

Clerk Edward Cantwell New Hanover 

James H. Moore 

ASSEMBLY OF 1862-1863. 

Regular Session: November 17, 1862-December 22, 1862. 
Extra Session: January 19, 1863-February 12, 1863. 
Extra Session: June 30, 1863-July 7, 1863. 
Extra Session: November 23, 1863-December 14, 1863. 

.SENATE. 

Speaker Giles Mebane Alamance 

Clerk Charles R. Thomas Carteret 



474 State Officials. 

house of commons. 

Speaker Robert B. Gilliam'' Granville 

Richard S. Donnell Beaufort 

Clerk ". Henry E. Colton ^ Cumberland 

ASSEMBLY OF 1864-1865. 

Regular Session: November 21, 1864-December 23, 1864. 
Extra Session: January 17, 1865-February 7, 1865. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Giles Mebane Alamance 

Clerk Charles R. Thomass Carteret 

Neill McKay 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Richard S. Donnell Beaufort 

Clerk Rufus S. Tucker Wake 

ASSEMBLY OP 1865-1866. 

Regular Session: November 27, 1865-December 18, 1865. 
Extra Session: January 18, 1866-March 12, 1866. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Thomas Settle^ Rockingham 

C. S. Winstead Person 

Clerk Joseph A. Engelhard Edgecombe 

HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Speaker Samuel F. Phillips Orange 

Clerk Seaton Gales Wake 

■ASSEMBLY OF 1866-1867. 

Regular Session: November 19, 1866-December 24, 1866. 
Extra Session: January 22, 1867-March 4, 1867. 

SENATE. 

Speaker Matthias E. Manly"' Craven 

Joseph H. Wilson Mecklenburg 

Clerk Joseph Engelhard Edgecombe 



Officials of the General Assembly. 475 

house of commons. 

Speaker R. Y. McAden Alamance 

Clerk Seaton Gales Wake 

ASSEMBLY OP 1868-1869. 

Extra Session: July 1, 1868-August 24, 1868. 
Regular Session: November 16, 1868-April 12, 1869. 

SENATE. 

President Tod R. Caldwell Burke 

Clerk T. A. Byrnes 

•#■ HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Joseph W. Holden Wake 

Clerk John H. Boner Forsyth 

ASSEMBLY OF 1869-1870. 
November 15, 1869-March 28, 1870. 

SENATE. 

President Tod R. Caldwell Burke 

Clerk T. A. Byrnes 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Joseph W. Holdens Wake 

W. A. Moore Chowan 

Clerk John H. Boner Forsyth 

ASSEMBLY OF 1870-1872. 

Extra Session: November 21, 1870-April 6, 1871. 
Extra Session: November 20, 1871-February 18, 1872. 

SENATE. 

President Tod R. Caldwellu Burke 

Edward J. Warren Beaufort 

Clerk William L. Saunders Orange 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Thomas J. Jarvis Tyrrell 

Clerk W. W. Gaither Caldwell 



476 



State Officials. 



ASSEMBLY OP 1872-1874. 

Regular Session: November IS, 1872-March 3, 1873. 
Extra Session: November 17, 1873-February 16, 1874. 

SENATE. 

President Curtis H. Brogden Wayne 

Clerk William L. Saunders Ne-v Hanover 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker James L. Robinson Macon 

Clerk S. D. Pool Craven 

ASSEMBLY OF 1874-1875. 
November 16, 1874-March 22, 1875. 



President. . 
Clerk 



SENATE. 

, R. F. Armfield Iredell 

.Johnstone Jones Mecklenburg 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker James L. Robinson 

Clerk John D. Cameron 



.Macon 
.Orange 



ASSEMBLY OF 1876-1877. 
November 20, 1876-March 12, 1877, 

SENATE. 

President Thomas J. Jarvis 

Clerk Robert M. Furman 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Charles Price 

Clerk John D. Cameron 



.Pitt 
.Buncombe 

.Davie 

. Buncombe 



ASSEMBLY OF 1879. 

Regular Session: January 8, 1879-March 14, 1879. 
Extra Session: March 15, 1880-March 29, 1880. 

SENATE. 

President Thomas J. Jarvisi - Pitt 

James L. Robinson Macon 

Clerk Robert M. Furman Buncombe 



Officials of the Gexekai. Assembly. 



477 



HOUSE OF REPUESEXTATIVES. 

Speaker lolin M. Moring 

Clerk John D. Cameron 



. Chatham 
.Orange 



ASSEMBLY OF 1881. 
January 5-lVIarch 14. 



SENATE. 

President lames L. Robinson . 

Clerk Robert M. Furman . 



. Macon 
.Buncombe 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Charles M. Cooke 

Clerk .John D. Cameron 



.Franklin 
. Orange 



ASSEMBLY OF 1883. 
January 3-March 12. 

SENATE. 

President James L. Robinson . . 

Clerk Robert M. Furman . . . 



. Macon 
.Buncombe 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker George M. Rose Cumberland 

Clerk John D. Cameron Buncombe 



ASSEMBLY OF 1885. 
January 7-March 11. 

SENATE. 

President Charles M. Stedman New Hanover 

Clerk Robert M. Furman Buncombe 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Thomas M. Holt Alamance 

Clerk John D. Cameron Buncombe 



478 



Statk Officials. 



ASSEMBLY OF 1887. 
January 5-March 7. 

SENATE. 

President Charles M. Stedman . 

Clerk Robert M. Furman . . . 



.New Hanover 
.Buncombe 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker John R. Webster 

Clerk George M. Bulla 



.Rockingham 
.Davidson 



ASSEMBLY OF 1889. 
January 9-March 11. 

SENATE. 

President Thomas M. Holt 

Clerk Robert M. Furman. . . 



.Alamance 
.Buncombe 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Augustus Leazar Iredell 

Clerk Thomas B. Womack Chatham 

. ASSEMBLY OP 1891. 
January 7-March 9. 

SENATE. 

President Thomas M. Holt Alamance 

Clerk Robert M. Furman Buncombe 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Ruf us A. Doughton Alleghany 

Clerk J. M. Brown Stanly 



ASSEMBLY OF 1893. 
January 4-March 6. 

SENATE. 

President Ruf us A. Doughton . . 

Clerk W. G. Burkhead 



.Alleghany 
.Columbus 



Officials of the General Assembly. 



479 



HOUSE OK KEPUESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Lee S. Overman Rowan 

Clerk J. M. Brown Stanly 



ASSEMBLY OP 1895. 
January 9-March 13. 

SENATE. 

President Rufus A. Doughton . . 

Clerk Hill E. King 



HOUSE OF KEPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Zeb V. Walser 

Clerk S. P. Satterfield 



.Alleghany 
.Onslow 



.Davidson 
, Person 



ASSEMBLY OF 1897. 
January 6-March 9. 

SENATE. 

President Charles A. Reynolds . 

Clerk Hill E. King 



. Forsyth 
.Onslow 



Speaker. 
Clerk 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

... A. F. Hileman Cabarrus 

. . .Edward O. Mastin Wilkes 



ASSEMBLY OF 1899. 
January 4-March 8. 

SENATE. 

President Charles A. Reynolds. 

Clerk Charles C. Daniels . . . 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker H. G. Connor 

Clerk Brevard Nixon 



. Forsyth 
.Wilson 



.Wilson 

. Mecklenburg 



480 State Officials. 

ASSEMBLY OF 1901. 
January 9-March 15. 

SENATE. 

President W. D. Turner Iredell 

Clerk A. J. Maxwell Richmond 

HOUSE OF EEPKESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Walter E. Moore Jackson 

Clerk Brevard Nixon Mecklenburg 

ASSEMBLY OF 1903. 
January 7-March 9. 

SENATE. 

President W. D. Turner Iredell 

Clerk A. J. Maxwell Richmond 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker S. M. Gattis Orange 

Clerk Frank D. Hackett VvMlkes 

ASSEMBLY OF 1905. 
January 4-March 6. 

SENATE. 

President Francis D. Winston Bertie 

Clerk A. J. Maxwell Lenoir 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker Owen H. Guion Craven 

Clerk Frank D. Hackett Wilkes 

ASSEMBLY OF 1907. 
Regular Session: January 9-March 11. 
Extra Session: January 21, 1908-February 1, 1908. 

SENATE. 

President Francis D. Winston Bertie 

Clerk A. J. Maxwell Lenoir 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker E.J. Justice Guilford 

Clerk Frank D. Hackett Wilkes 



Members of the General Assembly. 481 

ASSEMBLY OF 1909. 
January 6-March 9. 

8ENATE. 

President William C. Newland Caldwell 

Clerk A. J. Maxwell Craven 

irOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker A. W. Graham Granville 

Clerk T. G. Cobb Burke 

ASSEMBLY OF 1911. 
January 4-March 8. 

SENATE. 

President William C. Newland Caldwell 

Clerk R. 0. Self Jackson 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker W. C. Dowd Mecklenburg 

Clerk T. G. Cobb. Burke 

ASSEMBLY OF 1913. 
Regular Session: January 8-March 12. 
Extra Session: September 24, 1913- 

SENATE. 

President Elijah L. Daughtridge Edgecombe 

Clerk R. O. Self Jackson 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Speaker George Whitfield Connor"' Wilson 

Walter Murphyi"' Rowan 

Clerk T. G. Cobb. .: Burke 

NOTES. 

'Journal after August 19, 1778 is lost. 

'Elected a delegate to the Continental Congress. 

'Elected governor. 

^Prevented attending session by sickness. * 

'Resigned. 

'Elected judge of the Superior Coiu^t. 

'Borough representative. 

^Elected U. S. Senator. 

'Resigned the last day of the session. He was succeeded by Andrew Joyner, whose 
only act as Speaker was to declare the Senate adjourned. 

'"Elected Confederate States Senator. 

"Became governor upon the impeachment of Governor Holden. 

"'Became governor upon the resignation of Governor Vance, who had been elected U. 
S. Senator. 

"Resigned on account of sickness. 

'*Died in office. 

"Speaker at the extra session. 

31 






MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



ALAMANCE. 

Alamance county was formed in 1849 from Orange. The name is 
supposed to be derived from an Indian word meaning "blue clay." 
The county gets its name from Alamance Creek, on the banks of 
which was fought the battle between the colonial troops under Gov- 
ernor Tryon and the Regulators, May 16, 1771. The county seat is 
Graham. 

Members of the General Assemblt. 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1854 31st (See Randolph) Giles Mebane 

J. W. Lancaster 
1856 31st Michael W. Holt Daniel A. Montgomery 

George Patterson 
1858 31st (See Randolph) Junius I. Scales 

Benjamin F. Roney 
1860 31st (See Randolph) Giles Mebane 

John Tapscott 
1862 81st Giles Mebane Rufus Y. McAden 

E. F. Watson 
1864 31st Giles Mebane Rufus Y. McAden 

C. F. Faucett 
1865 31st (See Randolph) Rufus Y. McAden 

John A. Moore 
1866 31st (See Randolph) Rufus Y. McAden 

A. H. Boyd 

1868 26th T. M. Shoffner John A. Moore 

1870 26th James A. Graham A. C. McAlister 

1872 24th W. J. Murray Jesse Gant 

1874 24th (See Guilford) James E. Boyd 

1876 24th Thomas M. Holt Daniel Worth 

1879 24th (See Guilford) B. F. Mebane 






Members of the General Assembly. 483 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1881 24th B* P. Mebane J. A. Turrentine 

1883 22d (See Chatham) Thomas M. Holt 

1885 22d J. L. Scott Thomas M. Holt 

1887 22d (See Chatham) Thomas M. Holt 

1889 22d S. J. Crawford Robert Walter Scott 

1891 22d (See Chatham) Robert Walter Scott 

1893 18th J. A. Burch J. A. Long 

1895 18th S. A. White J. W. McCauley 

1897 18th E. S. Parker Stephen A. White 

1899 18th (See Orange & Caswell) . .W. H. Carroll 

1901 18th R. W. Scott E. Long 

1903 19th (See Caswell & Orange) . .Robert Walter Scott 

1905 19th J. A. Turrentine W. J. Graham 

1907 19th (See Caswell & Orange) . .John A. Pickett 

1909 19th J. L. Scott, Jr John A. Pickett 

1911 19th (See Orange & Caswell) . .Jacob Elmer Long 

1913 18th J. L. Scott Jacob Elmer Long 

ALEXANDER. 

Alexander county was formed in 1847 from Iredell, Caldwell, and 
Wilkes. Was named in honor of William J. Alexander, of Mecklen- 
burg county, several times a member of the Legislature and Speaker 
of the House of Commons. The county seat is Taylorsville. 

Members of the General Assembly. 
Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1854 45th (See Wilkes) A. M. Bogle 

1856 45th (See Iredell) Alexander C. Mcintosh 

1858 45th (See Wilkes) William Burke 

1860 45th (See Iredell) John M. Carson 

1862 45th (See Iredell) John M. Carson 

1864 45th A. M. Bogle John M. Carson 

1865 45th A. M. Bogle Alexander C. Mcintosh 

1866 45th (See Iredell) John M. Carson 

1868 36th. (See Iredell) Robert P. Matheson - 



484 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'! Senators Representatives 

1870 36th Romulus Z. Linney John M. Carson 

1872 34th (See Iredell and Wilkes) .John M. Carson 

1874 34th Romulus Z. Linney John M. Carson 

1876 34th (See Iredell and Wilkes) .Lyndon Stephenson 

1879 34th J. P. Matheson John M. Carson 

1881 34th (See Iredell and Wilkes) .James B. Pool 

1883 34th Romulus Z. Linney Robert P. Matheson 

1885 34th (See Iredell and Wilkes) .B. B. Jones 

1887 34th Eli M. Stephenson R. Watts 

1889 34th (See Iredell and Wilkes) .Robert P. Matheson 

1891 34th W. E. White T. F. Murdock 

1893 29th (See Catawba & Wilkes) .N. S. Norton 

1895 29th W. E. White William C. Linney 

1897 29th (See Lincoln and Wilkes) John Walter Watts 

1899 29th H. T. Campbell Alexander C. Mcintosh 

1901 29th (See Lincoln and Wilkes) Charles J. Carson 

1903 34th (See McDowell) Charles J. Carson 

1905 34th (See Burke & Caldwell) .H. T. Campbell 

1907 34th (See Burke & McDowell) .Arthur L. Watts 

1909 34th (See Burke and Catawba) William C. Linney 

1911 34th (See Burke & McDowell) .Taylor 0. Teague 

1913 33d A. C. Payne John C. Connally 

ALLEGHANY. 

Alleghany county was formed in 1859 from Ashe. The name is 
derived from an Indian tribe in the limits of North Carolina. 
Sparta is the county seat. Alleghany voted with Ashe until 1866.* 

Membees of the General Assembly. 
Senatorial 
Year District^^ Senators Representatives 

1868 39th (See Wilkes) John L. Smith 

1870 39th (See Wilkes) Robert Cambrel 

1872 35th (See Ashe) A. M. Bryan 

1874 35th A. J. McMihan W. C. Fields 

1876 35th (See Watauga) E. L. Vaughan 



Members of the General Assembly. 485 

Senatorial , 

Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1879 35tli (See Ashe) E. L. Vaughan 

1881 35th F. J. McMillan E. L. Vaughan 

1883 35th (See Watauga) Isaac W. Landreth 

1885 35th (See Ashe) Berry Edwards 

1887 35th W. C. Fields Rufus A. Doughton 

1889 35th (See Watauga) Rufus A. Doughton 

1891 35th (See Ashe) Rufus A. Doughton 

1893 30th W. C. Fields C. T. Taylor 

1895 30th (See Watauga) R. C. Higgins 

1897 30th (See Ashe) Hilary F. Jones 

1899 30th W. C. Fields James M. Gambill 

1901 30th (See Watauga) J, C. Fields 

1903 35th (See Ashe) Rufus A. Doughton 

1905 35th S. A. Taylor R. K. Finney 

1907 35th (See Watauga) Rufus A. Doughton 

1909 35th Robert L. Doughton Rufus A. Doughton 

1911 35th John M. Wagoner Rufus A. Doughton 

1913 34th (See Watauga) Rufus A. Doughton 

ANSON. 

Anson county was formed in 1749 from Bladen. Was named in 
honor of George, Lord Anson, a celebrated English admiral who 
circumnavigated the globe. He lived for awhile on the Pedee in 
South Carolina. In 1761 he was given the honor of bringing to her 
marriage with King George III, Charlotte, Princess of Mecklenburg, 
for whom Mecklenburg county was named. The county seat is 
Wadesboro. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 David Love George Davidson 

William Pickett 

1778 John Childs George Davidson 

Stephen Miller 

1779 John Childs Stephen Miller 

Charles Medlock 



486 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1780 John Childss Stephen Miller 

Richard Farrs 

1781 (See Note 10) (See Note 10) 

1782 Thomas Wade Stephen Miller 

John Jackson 
1783 Thomas Wade Jonathan Jackson 

John Auld 
1784, Apr (See Note 13) Jonathan Jackson 

John Auld 
1784, Oct James Terry 

John Dejarnell 

1785 Stephen Miller James Terry-s 

1786 Thomas Wadei^ , William Wood 

Stephen Miller Lewis Lanier 

1787 Stephen Miller Lewis Lanier 

William Wood 
1788 John Auld Lewis Lanier 

Pleasant May 

1789 Thomas Wadeis William Wood 

Lewis Lanier Pleasant May 

1790 Lewis Lanier William Wood 

James Pickett 
1791 Thomas Wade William Wood 

James Pickett 
1792 James Marshall William Wood 

Pleasant May 
1793 James Marshall William Wood 

Pleasant May 
1794 James Pickett Pleasant May 

Daniel Young 
1795 Walter Leak Pleasant May 

Daniel Ross 
1796 William May Isaac Jackson 

Daniel Young 
1797 James Marshall Isaac Jackson 

Daniel Ross 



Members of the General Assembly. 487 

Year Senators Representatives 

1798 lames Marshall Daniel Ross 

Isaac Lanier 
1799 William May Daniel Ross 

Isaac Lanier 
1800 James Marshall Daniel Ross 

Isaac Lanier 
1801 James Marshall Clement Lanier 

John Culpepper 
1802 James Marshall William Lanier 

Robert Troy 
1803 James Marshall William Lanier 

James Hough 
1804 James Marshall Adam Lockhart 

William Lanier 
1805 lames Marshall Joseph Pickett 

William Lanier 
1806 James Marshall William Lanier 

Robert Troy 
1807 James Marshall Lawrence Moore 

William Johnston 
1808 Thomas Threadgill William Johnston 

Lawrence Moore 
1809 Thomas Threadgill William R. Pickett 

Lawrence Moore 
1810 James Marshall William Johnston 

David Cuthbertson 
1811 James Marshall David Cuthbertson 

William R. Pickett 
1812 James Marshall William Johnson 

William R. Pickett 
1813 William Johnson David Cuthbertson 

Joseph Pickett 
1814 Lawrence Moore Joseph Pickett 

William Dismukes 
1815 Lawrence Moore William Dismukes 

Joseph Pickett 
1816 Lawrence Moore William Dismukes 

Joseph Pickett 



488 



State Officials. 



Year Senators Representatives 

1817 Joseph Pickett James Coleman 

Boggan Cash. 
1818 "William Marshall Jonathan Taylor 

Boggan Cash 
1819 William Marshall Boggan Cash 

George Dunlap 
1820 William Marshall Joseph White 

George Dunlap 
1821 William Marshall Joseph White 

Jeremiah Benton 
1822 William Marshall Joseph White 

John Smith 
1823 William Marshall Joseph White 

James Gordon 

1824 William Marshall John Smith 

1825 Joseph Pickett John Smith 

Clement Marshall 
1826 Joseph Pickett John Smith 

Clement Marshall 
1827 Joseph Pickett Alexander Little 

Clement Marshall 
1828 Clement Marshall William A. Morris 

John Smith 
1829 Clement Marshall 



1830 Clement Marshall 



1831 Clement Marshall 



1832 William A. 



1833 William A. 



1834 Alexander 



1835 Alexander 



William A. Morris 

Joseph White 

William A. Morris 

Joseph White 

William A. Morris 

Alexander Little 

Morris Moses W. Cuthbertson 

Thomas D. Park 

Morris Pleasant W. Kittrell 

Alexander W. Brandon 

Little Pleasant W. Kittrell 

Alexander W. Brandon 

Little John A. McRae 

Jeremiah Benton 



Membeus of the General Assembly. 489 

Senatorial 
Year District'^' Senators Representatives 

1836 32d Absalom Myers John A. McRae 

John Grady 
1838 32d J. White George Dunlap 

Patrick H. Winston 
1840 32d Absalom Myers Patrick H. Winston 

John McCollum 
1842 32d Absalom Myers Thomas S. Ashe 

John McCollum 
1844 32d P. G. Smith Jonathan Trull 

James M. Waddill 
1846 32d D. D. Daniel Johnson R. Hargrave 

Jonathan Trull 
1848 32d D. D. Daniel Johnson R. Hargrave 

Jonathan Trull 
1850 32d Purdie Richardson Atlas Jones Dargan 

Benjamin I. Dunlap 

1852 32d Purdie Richardson Atlas Jones Dargan 

^ Gary Tolson 

1854 35th Thomas S. Ashe Atlas Jones Dargan 

W. W. Wilkins 
1856 35th Albert Myers Atlas Jones Dargan 

William M. Pickett 
1858 35th (See Union) James A. Leak 

Atlas Jones Dargan 
I860; 35th (See Union) Leonidas L. Polk 

Fdward R. Liles 
1862 35th William C. Smith Purdue Richardson 

R. H. Burns 
1864 35th William C. Smith Atlas Jones Dargan 

Leonidas L. Polk 
1865 35th ( See Union ) Atlas Jones Dargan 

Archibald Niven 
1866 35th (See Union) Atlas Jones Dargan 

W. P. Kendall 

1868 29th P. T. Beeman D. Ingram 

1870 29th A. J. Dargan W. E. Smith 



490 



State Officials. 



Senatorial 
Year DistricW Senators Representatives 

1872 27th (See Union) R. T. Bennett 

1874 27th (See Union) W. E. Smith 

1876 27th E. R. Liles B. I. Dunlap 

1879 27th (See Union) James A. Lockhart 

1881 27th James A. Lockhart James A. Leak 

1883 27th (See Union) W. A. Liles 

1885 27tli James A. Leak John J. Dunlap 

1887 27th H. B. Adams W. L. Parsons 

1889 27th R. E. Little John J. Dunlap 

1891 27th (See Union) W. M.' Pickett 

1893 23d R. E. Little T. J. Watkins 

1895 23d (See Montgomery and L. D. Robinson 

Union) 

1897 23d W. H. Odum James A. Leak 

1901 23d James A. Leak J. D. Robinson 

1899 23d (See Montgomery and J. D. Robinson 

Union) 

1903 24th (S8e Union and S|,anly) . . John Albert McRae 

1905 24th Fred J. Coxe James A. Lockhart, Jr. 

1907 24th (See Union and Staiily) . James A. Lockhart 

1909 24th James A. Lockhart Thomas C. Coxe 

1911 24th . (See Union and Stanly) . .Thomas C. Coxe 

1913 23d R. E. Little P. E. Thomas 



ASHE. 

Ashe county was formed in 1799 from Wilkes. Was named in 
honor of Samuel Ashe of New Hanover, brother of General John 
Ashe. Samuel Ashe was a revolutionary patriot, one of the first 
judges of the state, and afterwards governor. The county seat is 
Jefferson. 

Members of the General Assembly. 



Year 
1800. 



1801. 



Senators Representatives. 

.George Koons John Calloway 

Nathan Horton 

.George Koons Richard Williams 

Nathan Horton 



Members of the General Assembly. ■ 491 

Year Senators Representatives 

1802 George Koons Nathan Horton 

John Calloway 
1803 John Calloway Richard Williams 

Jonathan Baker 

1804 James McCaleb Richard Williams 

1805 Nathan Horton Richard Williams 

John Koons 
1806 Nathan Horton Joseph Calloway 

Richard Williams 
1807 John Calloway Richard Williams 

Thomas McGimpsey 
1808 John Calloway Richard Williams 

Bedent Baird 
1809 John Calloway Thomas McGimpsey 

Richard Williams 

1810 Richard Williams Martin Gambell 

» David Miller 

1811 Richard Williams David Miller 

Martin Gambell 
1812 George Bower David Edwards 

Elijah Calloway 
1813 George Bower Elijah Calloway 

David Miller 
1814 George Bower Elijah Calloway 

William Horton 
1815 George Bower Elijah Calloway 

William Horton 
1816 George Bower Elijah Calloway 

William Horton 
1817 George Bower Elijah Calloway 

Joseph Doughton 
1818 Elijah Calloway Francis Bryan 

Miles Allen" 

Bedent Baird 
1819 Elijah Calloway Bedent Baird 

Richard Gentry 
1820 Elijah Calloway John Hardeh 

Richard Gentry 



492 State Officials. 

Year ^Senators Representatives 

1821 Richard Gentry Alexander B. McMillan 

John Harden 
1822 Elijah Calloway Alexander B. McMillan 

Abner Smith 
1823 Elijah Calloway..' Alexander B. McMillan 

Joshua Weaver 
1824 Elijah Calloway Joshua Weaver 

Alexander B. McMillan 
1825 Abner Smith William Herbert 

Reuben Hartley 
1826 Alexander B. McMillan. . .James Blevins 

Zacheriah Baker 
1827 Alexander B. McMillan . . . Zacheriah Baker 

Anderson Mitchell 
1828 John Hardin Anderson Mitchell 

James Calloway 
1829 Anderson Mitchell James Calloway 

Zacheriah Baker 
1830 John Ray James Horton 

James Calloway 
1831 John Ray James Calloway . 

Taliaferro Witcher 
1832 John Ray Taliaferro Witcher 

Jonathan Horton 
1833 George Phillips Taliaferro Witcher 

Jonathan Horton 

1834 Noah Mast Jonathan Horton 

Taliaferro Witcher 

1835 John Gambill Taliaferro Witcher 

Jonathan Horton 

Senatorial 
Year District^-! Senators Representatives 

1836 44th (See Wilkes) James M. Nye 

1838 44th (See Wilkes) James M. Nye 

1840 44th Anderson Mitchell Alexander B. McMillan 

1842 44th (See Wilkes) George Bower 

1844 44th Alexander B. McMillan. . .Benjamin C. Calloway 



f 



Members of the Geneu^vl Assembly. 493 

Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1846 44th Alexander B. McMillan. . .Benjamin C. Calloway 

1848 44th George Bower Reuben Mast 

1850 44th George Bower Alexander B. McMillan 

1852 44th George Bower Benjamin C. Calloway 

1854 44th George Bower Allen Gentry 

1856 44th A. M. Bryan Allen Gentry 

1858 44th (See Surry) Allen Gentry 

1860 44th (See Surry) Thomas N. Crumpleri:i ^ 

James M. Gentry 

1862 44th Isaac Jarratt lames M. Gentry 

1864 44th (See Watauga) p. A. McMillan 

1865 44th (See Watauga) Matthew Carson 

1866 44th (See Yadkin) Robert Gambrill 

1868 39th (See Wilkes) Matthew Carson 

1870 39th (See Wilkes) J. O. Wilcox 

1872 35th J. W. Todd Squire Trivett 

1874 35th (See Alleghany) Squire Trivett 

1876 35th (See Watauga) J. W. Todd 

1879 35th J. Bledsoe J. E. Foster 

1881 35th (See Alleghany) L. C. Gentry 

1883 35th (See Watauga) J. O. Wilcox 

1885 35th J. W. Todd J. C. Plummer 

1887 35th (See Alleghany) Riley Blevins 

"1889 35th (See Watauga) Riley Blevins 

1891 35th Benjamin P. Griggsby . . . . H. G. Phipps 

1893 30th (See Alleghany) R. A. Hamilton 

1895 30th (See Watauga) T. B. Hopkins [burn 

1897 30th J. M. Dickson Edmond Spencer Black- 

1899 30th (See Alleghany) B. E. Reeves 

1901 30th (See Watauga) Hiram Weaver 

1903 35th H. M. Wellborn John D. Thomas 

1905 35th (See Alleghany) F. C. Young 

1907 35th (See Watauga) G. L. Parks 

1909 35th (See Alleghany) Thomas C. Bowie 

1911 35th (See Alleghany) Harrison C. Tucker 

1913 34th (See Watauga) Thomas C. Bowie 



494 State Officials. 

AVERY. 

Avery county was formed in 1911 from Mitchell, Watauga, and 
Caldwell. Was named in honor of Colonel Waightstill Avery "of 
Revolutionary fame," Attorney-General of North Carolina, 1777-1779. 
The county seat is Elk Park. 

Members of the General Assembly. 
Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1913 35th (See Madison) R. M. Burleson 

BEAUFORT. 

Beaufort county was formed in 1705 from Bath. Was first called 
Archdale and name changed to Beaufort about 1712. It was named 
in honor of Henry Somerset, Duke of Beaufort, who in 1709 became 
one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. He purchased the share 
originally owned by the Duke of Albemarle. The county seat is 
Washington. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1111 Thomas Respess Nathan Keasi 

William Brown 
1778 Thomas Respess Alderson Ellisons 

William Brown 

Thomas Respess, Jr.« 
1779 Thomas Respess, Jr Robert Tripp 

John Kennedy 
1780 Thomas Respess, Jr.s William Brown 

Samuel Willis 
1781 William Brown Thomas Alderson 

Charles Crawford^ 

Thomas A. Grists 
1782 William Browns Richard N. Stephens 

.John Gray Blount 
1783 William Brown Thomas Alderson 

John Gray Blount 



d 



Members of the General Assembly. 495 

Year Senators Representatives 

1784. Apr (See Note 13) Thomas Alderson 

John Gray Blount 
1784, Oct John Smaw Thomas Aldersonis 

John Gray Blount 
1785 Jbhn Smaws Henry Smaw 

John Gray Blount 
1786 John Bonner John Gray Blount 

Henry Smawi* 
1787 Henry Smaw 

John Bonneris 
1788 William Brown John Gray Blounts 

Henry Smaw« 
1789 William Brownis John G. Blount 

Richard Grist 
1790 William Groves Richard Grist 

John Lanier 
1791 John Kennedy lUchard Blackledge 

John Lanier 
1792 Richard Blackledge John Lanier 

James Bonner 
1793 Richard Blackledge Charles Crawford 

John Gray Blount 
1794 John Gray Blount Charles Crawford 

Frederick Grisc 
1795 John Gray Blount John Kennedy, Jr. 

Frederick Grist 
1796 John Gray Blount John Kennedy, Jr. 

Thomas Ellison 
1797 Hans Patton Frederick Grist 

Thomas Ellison 
1798 Isaiah Woodard Frederick Grist 

Thomas Ellison 
1799 Henry S. Bonner Frederick Grist 

Charles D. Crawford 
1800 Henry S. Bonner John Kennedy 

Frederick Grist 



496 State Officials. 

Tern- Senators Representatives 

1801 Henry S. Bonner Frederick Grist 

John Kennedy 
1802 Henry S. Bonner Frederick Grist 

Thomas Ellison 
1803 Henry S. Bonner Frederick Grist 

Thomas Ellison 
1804 N. W. Bonner Frederick Grist 

Thomas Ellison 
1805 Thomas Smaw Stephen Owens 

Frederick Grist 
1806 Thomas Smaw Frederick Grist 

Stephen Owens 
1807 Thomas Smaw James Williams 

Frederick Grist 
1808 Frederick Grist James Williams 

Jonathan Marsh 
1809 Frederick Grist James Williams 

Thomas Boyd 
1810 Frederick Grist James Williams 

Thomas Boyd 
1811 Frederick Grist James Latham 

Everard Hall 
1812 Thomas Bowen George Boyd 

James Latham 
1813 Stephen Owens William Worsley 

Slade Pearce 
1814 Reading Grist James O'K. Williams 

George Boyd 
1815 Reading Grist James O'K. Williams 

Thomas Latham 
1816 Reading Grist James O'K. Williams 

William Vines 
1817 Reading Grist Thomas Latham 

William Vines 
1818 Reading Grist Thomas Latham 

Jesse Robeson 



Members of the General Assemblt. 497 

Yeaj- ' Senators Representatives 

1819 Richard Hines Jesse Robeson 

John S. Smallwood 
1820 Jesse Robeson Thomas Blackledge 

"John Adams 
1821 Jesse Robeson Thomas W. Blackledge 

John Adams 
1822 James O'K. Williams Thomas W. Blackledge 

Wyriott Ormond 
1823 James O'K. Williams Wyriott Ormond • 

Thomas W. Blackledge 
1824 James O'K. Williams William A. Blount 

James Satchwell 
1825 ". .James O'K. Williams Thomas Ellison 

William A. Blount 
1826 James O'K. Williams William A. Blount 

Thomas Ellison 
1827 James O'K. William.s William A. Blount 

Thomas W. Blackledge 
1828 James O'K. Williams Thomas Latham 

Thomas W. Blackledge 
1829 Joseph B. Hinton Samuel Smallwood 

John W. Williams 
1830 Joseph B. Hinton Samuel Smallwood 

John W. Williams 
1831 William S. Rowland Richard H. [A.?] Bonner 

David C. Freeman 
1832 Joseph B. Hinton Richard A. rH.?J Bonner 

Henry S. Clark 
1833 William E. Smaw William L. Kennedy 

Samuel Small wood 
1834 John McWilliams Henry S. Clark 

Samuel Smallwood 
1835 James O'K. Williams Henry S. Clark 

Samuel Smallwood 



498 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District27 Senators Represetitatives 

1836 19th James O'K. Williams Fenner B. Satterthwaite 

Samuel Smallwood 
1838 19th James O'K. Williams William A. Blount 

John McWilliams 
1840 19th (See Hyde) James O'K. Williams 

Shadrack P. Allen 
1842 19th (See Hyde) Shadrack P. Allen 

John W. Williams 
1844 12th Joshua Tayloe Edward Stanly 

Frederick Grist 
1846 12th (See Hyde) Edward Stanly 

Thomas D. Smaw 
1848 12th Thomas D. Smaw Edward Stanly 

Washington W. Hayman 
1850 12th Allen Grist Jesse R. Stubbs 

William H. Tripp 
1852 12th (See Hyde) William H. Tripp 

Jesse R. Stubbs 

1854 12th Allen Grist Jesse R. Stubbs 

1856 12th Allen Grist Jesse R. Stubbs 

Jehu Eborn 
1858 12th Richard S. Donnell Thomas Sparrow 

Samuel Windley 
1860 12th Frederick Grist Richard S. Donnell 

William T. Marsh 
1862 12th Edward J. Warren Richard S. Donnell 

William M. Carter 
18S4 12th Edward J. Warren Richard S. Donnell 

William M. Carter 
1865 12th Edward J. Warren William Stilly 

Richard S. DonnelU 
1866 12th Isaiah Respess Henry Harding 

John C. Gorham 

1868 3d J. B. Respess Hiram E. Stilley 

1870 3d Edward J. Warren Thomas Sparrow 



^ 



Members of the General Assembly. 499 

Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1872 ?d J. B. Respess Samuel Corson 

H. E. Stilley 
1874 2d (See Hyde and Washing- W. H. Thompson 

ton) 
1876 2d (See Tyrrell and Wash- D. W. Jarvis 

ington) 

1879 2d J. T. Respass S F.Osborne 

1881 2d J. T, Respass Thomas Sparrow 

1883 2d (See Pamlico and Martin) E. S. Simmons 

1885 2d (See Martin and Hyde) . . W. H Patrick 

1887 2d Charles F. Warren B. W. Waters 

1889 2d (See Hyde and Martin) . .John S. Marsh 

1891 2d (See Hyde and Washing- J. R. Galloway 

ton) 

1893 2d John S. Marsh John R. Rowe 

1895 2d (See Hyde and Martin) . .T. B. Hooker 

1897 2d (See Washington and Henry E. Hodges 

Martin) 
1899 2d (See Washington and B.B.Nicholson 

Pamlico) 
1901 2d (See Pamlico and Wash- B. B. Nicholson 

ington) 

1903 2d (See Hyde and Tyrrell) . . Frank B. Hooker 

1905 2d Stephen C. Bragaw James H. Harris 

William A. B. Branch 

1907 2d (See Dare and Martin) . .Frank B. Hooker 

W. K. Jacobson 

1909 2d F. P. Latham Frank B. Hooker 

John F. Latham 

1911 2d (See Hyde and Martin) . .John F. Latham 

William A. Thompson 
1913 2d George J. Studdert Wiley C. Rodman 



500 State Officials. 



BERTIE. 

Bertie county was formed in 1722 from Bath. Was named in 
honor of James and Henry Bertie, Lords Proprietors, who in 1728 
owned the share of Lord Clarendon. The county seat is Windsor. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 John Campbell Zedekiah Stone 

Simon Turner 
1778 Zedekiah Stone William Jordan, Jr. 

Simon Turner 
1779 Jasper Charlton James Campbell 

John Johnstoni 
1780 William Hornes I;avid Turners 

Jonathan Jacocks 
1781 Jonathan Jacockss William Home 

David Turner 
1782 Jonathan Jacockss John Johnston 

David Turner 
1783 Jonathan Jacockss William Home 

David Turner 
1784, Apr John Johnston^s Zedekiah Stone 

Andrew Oliver 
1784, Oct Jonathan Jacocks* Zedekiah Stoneis 

Andrew Oliveris 
1785 Jonathan Jacocks^. . . Thomas Collins 

Andrew Oliver 

1786 Zedekiah Stone Francis Pugh 

1787 John Johnston William Hcrne 

Andrew Oliver 
1788 John Johnstons William Horn 

Francis Pugh 
1789 John Johnstoni- William Hornei^ 

Francis Pugh 
1790 Francis Pugh David Stone 

David Turner 



Members of the Generai> Asse-muly. 501 

Year Senators Representatives. 

1791 Jasper Charlton David Stone 

William J. Dawson 

1792 Jasper Charlton David Stone 

Tristram Lowther 

1793 Jasper Charlton David Stone 

1794 John Wolfendon Jonathan Jacocks 

David Stone 
1795 John Wolfendon John Outlaw 

John Johnston 
1796 Timothy Walton George Outlaw 

John Johnston 

1797 Francis Pugh George Outlaw 

James B. Jordan 
1798 Francis Pugh John Johnston 

George Outlaw 
1799 George Outlaw James B. Tunstall 

Joseph Jordan 
1800 John Johnston Joseph Jordan 

Thomas Fitt 
1801 Jonathan Jacocks Henry Peterson 

Joseph Eason 
1802. George Outlaw James W. Clarke 

Henry Peterson 
1803 Henry Peterson James W. Clarke 

James Tunstall 
1804 Joseph Jordan "William Cherry 

Joseph H. Bryan 
1805 Joseph Jordan William Cherry 

Joseph H. Bryan 
1806 George'Outlaw Prentis Law 

Joseph Eason 
1807 George Outlaw Joseph H. Bryan 

Joseph Eason 
1808 George Outlaw Joseph H. Bryan 

Joseph Eason 
1809 Joseph Jordan Joseph H. Bryan 

George L. Ryan 



^^2 State Officials. 

■^^"^ Senators Representatives 

1^1*^ George Outlaw George L. Ryan 

Thomas Speller 
1811 George Outlaw David Stone 

William Sparkman 
1812 George Outlaw David Stone 

William Sparkman 
1813 George Outlaw Timothy Walton 

Whitmel H. Pugh 
1814 George Outlaw William Sparkman 

Whitmel H. Pugh 

1815 Timothy Waltonsi Whitmel H. Pugh 

William Sparkman Jonathan Jacocks 

1816 William Sparkman Simon A. Bryan 

Jonathan H. Jacocks 
1817 ■ George Outlaw Thomas L. West 

Jonathan H. Jacocks 
1818 Thomas L. West William Hinton 

Joseph Jordan 
1819 William Hinton George B. Outlaw 

Simon A. Bryan 
1820 Joshua Taylor George B Outlaw 

Thomas Brickell 
1821 George Outlaw Robert C. Watson 

Thomas Brickell 
1822 George Outlaw Thomas Brickell 

Simon A. Bryan 
1823 George B. Outlaw James G. Mhoon 

Simon A. Bryan 
1824 George B. Outlaw William H. Rascoe 

James G. Mhoon 
1825 Jehu Nichols William H. Rascoe 

James G. Mhoon 
1826 Williajn Gilliam James G. iMhoon 

Joseph D. White 
1827 George O. Askew Thomas H. Speller 

J. D. White 



Members of the General Assembly. 503 

Year Sejiators Representatives 

1828 George O. Askew Joseph Watford 

William S. Mhoon 
1829 George O. Askew William S. Mhoon 

Alexander W. Mebane 
1830 George O. Askew William S. Mhoon 

Alexander W. Mebane 
1831 George 0. Askew Lewis Thompson 

David Outlaw 
1832 George 0. Askew David Outlaw 

Lewis Thompson 
1833 Alexander W. Mebane. . . . David Outlaw 

Thomas J. Pugh 
1834 Alexander W. Mebane David Outlaw 

Thomas J. Pugh 

1835 Alexander W. Mebane. . . ..John F. Lee 

Thomas H. Speller 
Senatorial 

Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1836 7th Alexander W. Metane John F. Lee 

Thomas H. Speller 
1838 7th William W. Cherry Lewis Bond 

James R. Rayner 
1840 7th Lewis Bond Lewis Thompson 

John R. Gilliam 
1842 7th James S. Mitchell James R. Rayner 

John F. Lee 
1844 7th Lewis Thompson William W. Cherry 

Lewis Bond 
1846 7th John R. Gilliam John W. Bond 

Richard 0. Britton 
1848 7th Lewis Thompson Joseph B. Cherry 

Kedar Biggs 
1 850 7th Lewis Bond Joseph B. Cherry 

Patrick H. Winston 
1852 7th Lewis Thompson Joseph B. Cherry 

S. B. Spruill 
1854 7th Joseph B. Cherry Patrick H. Winston, Jr. 

David Outlaw 



504 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1856 '. . 7th Joseph B. Cherry David Outlaw 

John Wilson 
1858 7th Joseph B. Cherry David Outlaw 

Peyton T. Henry 
1860 7th David Outlaw Peyton T. Henry 

John R. B'erguson 
1862 7th Thomas M. Garrett Peyton T. Henry 

James Bond 
1864 7th John Pool Peyton T. Henry 

James Bond 

1865 7th John Pool 

1866 7th David Outlaw Peyton T. Henryi 

James W. Beasley 

1868 5th James W. Beasley Parker D. Robbinssr 

1870 5th James \V. Beasley Parker D. Robbinssr 

1872 3d (See Northampton) F. C. Miller 

1874 3d (See Northampton) W. T. Ward 

1876 3d George A. Mebanesi w. T. Ward 

1879 3d (See Northampton) W. C. Etheridge 

1881 3d ( See Northampton) Augustus Robbinsa^ 

1883 3d George A. Mebanes^ t. R. Speller 

1885 3d ( See Northampton ) L. Roulhac 

1887 3d Francis D. Winston T. R. Speller 

1889 3d (See Northampton) Edward R. Outlaw 

1891 3d George Bishop M. L. Wood 

1893 3d C. W. Mitchell A. S. Rascoe 

1895 3d C. W. Mitchell A. S. Rascoe 

1897 3d J. M. Earley King W. White 

1899 3d (See Northampton) Francis D. Winston 

1901 3d (See Northampton) Francis D. Winston 

1903 3d C. W. Mitchell D. V/. Britton 

1905 3d (See Northampton) C. W. Mitchell 

1907 3d C. W. Mitchell Thomas Gillam 

1909 3d (See Northampton) A. S. Rascoe 

1911 3d A. S. Rascoe Walter R. Johnson 

1913 3d (See Northampton) John C. Britton 



Mexihkks ok the General Assembly. 505 



BLADEN. 

Bladen county was formed in 1734 from Batb. Was named in 
honor of Martin Bladen, one of the members of the Board of Trade 
which had charge of colonial affairs. The county seat is Eliza- 
bethtown. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Thomas Robeson Thomas Owen 

1778 Thomas Owen Samuel Cain 

Thomas Ames-; 

Benjamin Clarki 
1779 Thomas Owen Thomas Brown 

Samuel Cain 
1780 Samuel Cain 

Francis Lucas 

1781 Samuel Cain 

1782 Thomas Brown Benjamin Clark 

John Willis 
1783 Thomas Brown Samuel Cain 

Francis Lucas 
1784, Apr Thomas Brownis .Francis Lucasi- 

Samuel Caiui- 
1784, Oct Thomas Owen Peter Robeson 

Samuel Cain 

1785 Thomas Brown James Richardson 

1786 Thomas Brown Peter Robertson 

James Richardson 
1787 Thomas Owen Samuel Cain 

John Brown 
1788 Thomas Brown John Brown 

Samuel Cain 
1789 Thomas Brown John Cowan 

Duncan Stewart 
1790 Thomas Owen Joseph R. Gaut ier 

Duncan Stewart 
1791 Joseph R. Gautier Duncan Stewart 



506 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1792 Duncan Stewart Josiah Lewis 

John Hall 
1793 Duncan Stewart Josiah Lewis 

John Hall 
1794 Duncan Stewart James Bradley 

Josiah Lewis 
1795 Josiah Lewis James Bradley 

Hugh Waddell 
1796 Josiah Lewis Hugh Waddell 

James Bradley 
1797 Josiah Lewis James Morehead 

James Bradley 

1798 Josiah Lewis James Bradley 

1799 Josiah Lewis James Bradley 

Samuel N. Richardson 
1800 Josiah Lewis Street Ashford 

James Bradley 
1801 Travers W. Harvey Samuel N. Richardson 

Richard Holmes 
1802 Samuel N. Richardson . . . Richard Holmes 

Michael Molton 
1803 Samuel N. Richardson . . . Amos Richardson 

Street Asbford 
1804 Richard Holmes Amos Richardson 

Amos Richardson. 
1805 Richard Holmes Amos Richardson 

Michael MoUon 
1806 Richard Holmes James B. White 

Amos Richardson 
1807 Richard Holmes James B. White 

David Gillaspie 
1808 Samuel Andres Thomas Brown 

James Ov/en 
1809 Samuel Andres Thomas Brown 

James Owen 
1810 Samuel Andres Thomas Brown 

James Owen 



Members of the General Assembly. 507 

Year Senators Representatives 

1811 Isaac Wright Thomas Brown 

James Owen 
1812 Isaac Wright David Gillaspie 

John Owen 
1813 Isaac Wright David Giilaspie 

John Owen 
1814 Richard Parish James J. Gumming 

John Sellers 
1815 James J. McKay John Sellers 

James J. Gumming 
1816 James J. McKay William J. Cowan 

John Sellers 
1817 lames J. McKay William J. Cowan 

John Sellers 
1818 James J. McKay Thomas White 

William G. Beatty 
1819 John Owen Thomas White 

Joseph Wilson 

1820 John Owen John Wilson 

1821 Simon Green Samuel B. Andres 

William J. Cowan 
1822 James J. McKay Robert Melvin 

.John Ives McMillan 
1823 Daniel Shipman Robert Melvin 

William Davis 
1824 Daniel Shipman John Ives McMillan 

William M. Singletary 
1825 Robert Melvin Isaac Wright 

John Ives McMillan 
1826 James J. McKay John Ives McMillan 

John T. Gilmore 
1827 John Owen John Ives McMillan 

John T. Gilmore 
1828 Malcom Mclnuis lohn Ives McMillan 

Alfred Waddoll 
1829 James J. McKay Robert Melvin 

John Ives Mc^tlillan 



508 State Officiax-s. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1830 _ James J. McKay John W. McMillan 

Salter Lloyd 
1831 John T. Gilmore John Ives McMillan 

Robert Lyon 
1832 Robert Melvin Robert Lyon 

John Ives McMillan 
1833 Robert Melvin Robert Lyon 

William Jones 
1834 John Ives McMillan Robert Lyon 

George Cromartie 
1835 George Cromartie Robert Lyon 

Benjamin Fitzrandolph 
Seiiatorial 
Year District^- Senators Representatives 

1836 30th (See Columbus) Joseph M. Gillaspie 

1838 30th Robert Melvin George T. Barksdale 

1840 30th Robert Melvin George W. Bannerman 

1842 30th Robert Melvin George W. Bannerman 

1844 19th Robert Melvin Herman H. Robinson 

1846 19th (See Columbus) Thomas S. D. McDowell 

1848 19th (See Columbus) Thomas S. D. McDowell 

1850 19th (See Columbus) Thomas S. D. McDowell 

1852. . . . .19th Thomas S. D. McDowell. .J. G. McDugald 

1854 19th Thomas S. D. McDowell. .George M. White 

1856 19th (See Brunswick) George M. White 

1858 19th Thomas S. D. McDowell . . John W. Purdie 

1860 19th (See Brunswick) Charles T. Davis 

1862 19th (See Columbus) J. W. Russ 

1864 19th (See Columbus) J. W. Russ 

1865 19th (See Columbus) J. J. D. Lucas 

1866 19th (See Brunswick) J. A. Richardson 

1868 14th John W. Purdie F. W. Foster 

1870 14th J. C. Currie A. W. Fisher 

1872 13th (See Brunswick) A. H. Perry 

1874 13th Joseph Cashwell John Newelisr 

1876 13th (See Brunswick) John H. Clarke 

1879 13th Asa Ross John Newell- 



Members of the General Assembly. 509 

Year Senatois Representatives 

1881 13th W. T. Pridgen John Newell^T 

1883 13th R. H. Lyon John Newells^ 

1885 13th (See Brunswick) W. J. Sutton 

1887 13th W. J. Sutton C. C. Lyon 

1889 13th (See Brunswick) C. C. Lyon 

1891 13th R. P. Allen M. McI. Tatom 

1893 14th W. H. G. Lucas S. M. King 

1895 14th (See Harnett & Sampson) R. S. White 

1897 14th E. N. Roberson Sydney Meares 

1899 14th (See Harnett & Sampson) George H. Currie 

1901 14th E. R. Robeson E. F. McCulloch 

* 

George H. Currie 

1903 12th (See Columbus) Forney Willis 

1905 12th E. F. McCulloch J. O. West 

1907 12th ( See Columbus) F. B. McLean 

1909 12th O. L. Clark Gaston B. Perry 

1911 12th (See Columbus) Edwin H. Anders 

1913 11th L. B. Evans Angus Cromartie 

BRUNSWICK. 

Brunswick county was formed in 1764 from New Hanover and 
Bladen. Was named in honor of the famous House of Brunswick, 
of which the four Georges, Kings of England, were members. The 
county seat is Southport. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Archibald Maclaine William Lord 

Richard Quince 

1778 Alexius M. Foster^ Lewis Dupree' 

William Gausei 

1779 

1780 Archibald Maclaine 

1781 

1782 Alfred Moore William Waters 

Dennis Hawkins 



510 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1783 Benjamin Smith William Waters 

Dennis Hawkins 
1784, Apr Alfred Moores Jacob Leonardi-' 

David Plowersi2 
1784, Oct William Walters Jacob Leonard'* 

David Flowers 
1785 Dennis Hawkins Jacob Leonard 

David Flowers 
1786 Robert Howe'" 

Jacob Leonard 
1787 Alexius M. Foster Lewis J)upree 

Jacob Leonard 
1788 Lewis Dupree Jacob Leonard 

John Cains 
1789 Jacob Leonard 

Benjamin Smith 
1790 Jacob Leonardi^ Benjamin Smith 

William E. Lord 
1791 Dennis Hawkins' '^ Benjamin Smith 

William E. Lord 
1792 Benjamin Smith Alfred Moore 

William E. Lord 
1793 Benjamin Smith William Wingate 

William E. Lord 

1794 Benjamin Smith William Wingate 

1795 Benjamin Smith William Wingate 

William E. Lord 
1796 Benjamin Smith William E. Lord 

Abraham Bessant 
1797 Benjamin Smith Abraham Bessant 

George Davis 
1798 Benjamin Smith Abraham Bessant 

Benjamin Mills 
1799 Benjamin Smith Benjamin Mills 

Abraham Bessant 
1800 Benjamin Smith Benjamin Mills 

Abraham Bessant 



Members of the Gexkkai. Assembly. 511 

Year Senators Representatives 

1801 William Wingate John G. Scull 

Benjamin Mills 
1802 William Wingate John G. Scull 

Benjamin Mills 
1803 William Wingate John G. Scull 

Thomas Leonard 
1804 Benjamin Smith Thomas Leonard 

Maurice Moore 
1805 Benjamin Smith Thomas Leonard 

Richard Parrish 
1806 Benjamin Smith Richard Parrish 

Tholnas Leonard 

1807 Benjamin Smith .Thomas Leonard 

1808 Benjamin Smith Thomas Leonard 

Thomas Russ 
1809 Benjamin Smith Thomas Leonard 

George Davis 
1810 Benjamin Smith Yhomas Leonard 

gliomas Russ 

1811 Thomas Leonard^^ Jacob W. Leonard 

William Wingate Thomas Russ , 

1812 William Wingate Maurice Moore 

Robert Potter 
1813 William Wingate Maurice Moore 

Thomas Russ 
1814 Jacob W. Leonard Alfred Moore 

Thomas Russ 
1815 Jacob W. Leonard. Uriah Sullivan 

John C. Baker 
1816 Benjamin Smith Edward Mills 

William Simmons 
1817 Jacob W. Leonard Alfred Moore 

John C. Baker 
1818 Jacob W. Leonard John C. Baker 

Alfred Moore 
1819 John C. Baker Alfred Moore 

John Xeale 



512 State Officials. 

Year Se7}ators Representatives 

1820 Jacob W. Leonard Alfred Moore 

John Neale 
1821 Jacob W. Leonard Francis N. Waddell 

Alfred Moore 
1822 John C. Baker Samuel Frink 

Alfred Moore 
1823 John C. Baker Alfred Moore 

Jacob W. Leonard 

1824 John C. Bak^r Jacob W. Leonardis 

• • Alfred Moore 

Haynes Waddell 
1825 John C. Baker John J. Gause 

Alfred Moore 
1826 Benjamin R. Locke Alfred Moore 

Jacob Leonard 
1827 Benjamin R. Locke Alfred Moore 

Jacob Leonard, Jr. 
1828 Jacob Leonard Thomas B. Smith 

William L. Hall 
1829 Jacob Leonard John J. Gause 

r\Iarsden Campbell 
1830 William R. Hall Benjamin S. Leonard 

John J. Gause 
1831 William R. Hall John J. Gause 

Samuel A. Laspeyre 
1832 William R. Hall Samuel A. Laspeyre 

John Waddell 
1833 William R. Hall Samuel A. Laspeyre 

Benjamin S. Leonard 
1834 Maurice Moore Robert M. McCracken 

Abram Baker 
1835 Frederick J. Hill William R. Hall 

Abram Baker 



Memmeks of the General Assembly. 513 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1836 30th (See Columbus) Frederick J. Hill 

1838 30th (See Bladen) Frederick J. Hill 

1840 30th (See Bladen) Frederick J. Hill 

1842 30th (See Bladen) Armelin Bryan 

1844 19th (See Bladen) Henry H. Waters 

1846 19th (See Columbus) Henry H. Waters 

1848 19th (See Columbus) David D. Allen 

1850 19th (See Columbus) John H. Hill 

1852 19th (See Bladen) Henry H. Waters 

1854 19th (See Bladen) Gaston Meares 

1856 19th A. J. Jones Thomas D. Meares 

1858 19th (See Bladen) Thomas D. Meares 

1860 19th John D. Tayior Thomas D. Meares 

1862 19th (See Columbus) Daniel L. Russell 

1864 19th (See Columbus) Daniel L. Russell, Jr. 

1865 19th (See Columbus) Daniel L. Russell, Jr. 

1866 19th Salter Lloyd D. C. Allen 

1868 13th Edwin Legg B. T. Morrell 

1870 13th (See New Hanover) John A. Brooks 

1872 13th G. N. Hill John A. Brooks 

1874 13th (See Bladen) John N. Bennett 

1876 13th John N. Bennett Daniel L. Russell 

1879 13th (See Bladen) A. C. Meares 

1881 13th (See Bladen) J. H. Brooks 

1883 13th (See Bladen) W. M. Grissett 

1885 13th S. P. Swain D. B. McNeill 

1887 13th (See Bladen) S. P. Swain 

1889 13th John N. Bennett Rufus Galloway 

1891 13th (See Bladen) E. Hickman 

1893 10th (See New Hanover) George H. Bellamy 

1895 10th (See New Hanover) William W. Drew 

1897 10th G. H. Cannon William W. Drew 

1899 10th W. J. Davis D. B. McNeill 

1901 10th (See New Hanover) D. B. McNeill 

1903 11th George H. Bellamy W. H. Phillips 

33 



514 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1905 11th (See New Hanover) C. Edward Taylor 

1907 11th George H. Bellamy C. Edward Taylor 

1909 11th (See New Hanover) C. Edward Taylor 

1911 11th George H. Bellamy C. Edward Taylor 

1913 10th (See New Hanover) George H. Bellamy 

BUNCOMBE. 

Buncombe county was formed in 1791 from Burke and Rutherford. 
Was named in honor of Colcmel Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary 
soldier who was wounded and captured at the battle of Germantown, 
October 4, 1777, and died a paroled prisoner, May, 1778, in Phila- 
delphia. Colonel Buncombe lived in Tyrrell county. He was noted 
for his hospitality. Over the door of his house were these lines: 

"Welcome all 
To Buncombe Hall." 

The county seat is Asheville. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1792 William Davidson Gabriel Ragsdale 

William Brittain 
1793 Robert Love William Brittain 

Gabriel Ragsdale 
1794 Robert Love William Brittain 

Gabriel Ragsdale 
1795 Robert Love William Brittain 

Gabriel Ragsdale 
1796 James Brittain William Brittain 

Philip Hoodenpyl 
1797 James Brittain William Brittain 

Thomas Love 
1798 James Brittain William Brittain 

Thomas Love 
1799 James Brittain Thomas Love 

John Patton 



Members of the General Assembly. 515 

Year Senators Representatives 

1800 Joshua Williams Thomas Love 

Zebulon Baird 
1801 Joshua Williams Thomas Love 

Zebulon Baird 
1802 James Brittain Thomas Love 

Zebulon Baird^ 
1803 Joshua Williams Thomas Love 

Zebulon Baird 
1804 Thomas Love 

Jacob Byler 
1805 James Brittain Thomas Love 

Jacob Byler 
1806 Zebulon Baird Thomas Love 

Joseph Pickens 
1807 James Brittain Thomas Love 

Joseph Pickens 
1808 John McFarland Thomas Love 

Malcolm Henry 
1809 Zebulon Baird Thomas Foster 

Joseph Pickens 
1810 Robert Williamson Philip Brittain 

Zephaniah Horton 
1811 Robert Williamson Philip Brittain 

Samuel Davidson 
1812 John Longraire Zephaniah Horton 

Thomas Foster 
1813 John Longmire Hamilton Hyde 

Thomas Foster 
1814 John Longmire Hamilton Kyle 

Thomas Foster 
1815 Epaphroditus Hightower. Zephaniah Horton 

James Lowrie 
1816 John Longmire Philip Brittain 

James Lowrie 
1817 Thomas Foster Philip Brittain 

Charles Moore 



516 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1818 Zebulon Baird Charles Moore 

James Whitaker 
1819 Thomas Foster James Whitaker 

John McClatchy 

1820 Zebulon Baird James Whitaker 

, John Anderson 

1821 Zebulon Baird William D. Smith 

William Brittain, Sr. 
1822 Zebulon Baird William D. Smith 

John Anderson 
1823 Philip Brittain James Lowrie 

James Whitaker 
1824 Philip Brittain David Lovvrie Swain 

Benoni Sams 
1825 Athan A. McDowell David Lowrie Swain 

James Weaver 
1826 Athan A. McDowell David Lowrie Swain 

John Clayton 
1827 Athan A. McDowell John Clayton 

James Allen 
1828 Athan A. McDowell John Clayton 

David Lov/rie Swain 
1829 James Allen David Lowrie Swain 

William Orr 
1830 James Gudger James Weaver 

William Orr 
1831 James Allen John Clayton 

James Brevard 
1832 James Allen James Weaver 

John Clayton 
1833 John Clayton James Weaver 

Joseph Henry 
1834 James Lowrie Joseph Henry 

James Weaver 
1835 Hodge Rabun Nathaniel Harrison 

Joseph Pickett 



Membeks of the General Assembly. 517 

Seiiatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1836 49th James Gudger Montreville Patton 

John Clayton 
1838 49th (See Haywood ) Montreville Patton 

Philip Brittain 
1840 49lh Thomas L. Clingman Montreville Patton 

Thomas Morris 
1842 49th J. M. Cathey John Burgin 

George W. Candler 
1844 49th Nicholas W. Woodfin John A. Fagg 

John Thrash 
1846 49th Nicholas W. Woodfin John A. Fagg 

Alfred B. Chunn 
1848 49th Nicholas W. Woodfin Newton Coleman 

Thomas W. Atkin 
1850 49th Nicholas W. Woodfin Marcus Erwin 

James Sharpe 
1852 49th Nicholas W. Woodfin James Lowrie 

John A. Fagg 

1854 49th David Coleman Zebulon B. Vance 

1856 49th David Coleman Marcus Erwin 

1858 49th B. M. Edney James S. T. Baird 

1860 49th Marcus Erwin Augustus S. Merrimon 

1862 49th William M. Shipp John Burgin 

1864 49th Montreville Patton J. M. Gudger 

1865 49th L. S. Gash William Gaston Candler 

1866 49th (See Transylvania) Montreville Patton 

1868 40th (See Henderson) William Gaston Candler 

1870 40th James H. Merrimon T. D. Johnston 

1872 40th James H. Merrimon T. D. Johnston 

D. A. Blackwell 

1874 40th John S. McElroy William Gaston Candler 

1876 40th Thomas D. Johnston Melvin E. Carter 

J. C. Sams 

1879 40th Theodore F. Davidson Nat Atkinson 

1881 40th Theodore F. Davidson Melvin E. Carter 

W. E. Weaver 



518 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1883 40th (See Madison) B. G. Giidger 

C. M. McLoud 
1885 40th H. A. Gudger Johnston Jones 

Richmond Pearson 
1887 40th J. J. Fox Richmond Pearson 

L. N. Wells 
1889 40th V. S. Lusk James S. T. Baird 

Melvin E. Carter 
1891 40th (See Madison) M. L. Reed 

J. P. Lowery 
1893 33d J. M. Campbell Robert B. Vance 

John W. Starnes 

1895 33d (See Madison and Hay- Virgil S. Lusk 

wood) G. H. Burnham 

1897 33d W. W. Rollins William Gaston Candler 

Virgil S. Lusk 
1899 33d W. J. Cocke Locke Craig 

J. C. Curtis 
1901 33d J. M. Gudger, Jr Locke Craig 

J. C. Curtis 
1903 37th Charles A. Webb J. C. Curtis 

Theodore F. Davidson 
1905 37th Charles A. Webb J. Frazier Glenn 

James D. Murphy 
1907 37th Charles A. Webb Zebulon Weaver 

R. J. Gaston 
1909 37th J. J. Britt Zebulon Weaver 

R. J. Gaston 
1911 37th Julius C. Martin Gallatin Roberts 

Robert R. Williams 
1913 36th Zebulon Weaver Gallatin Roberts 

Robert R. Williams 



Mejibeks of the General Assejibly. 519 

BURKE. 

Burke county was formed in 1777 from Rowan. Was named in 
honor of Dr. Thomas Burke, member of the Continental Congress and 
governor of North Carolina. The county seat is Morganton. 

Membeks of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Charles McDowelli Ephraim McLeani 

James Wilsoni 
1778 Charles McDowell^ Ephraim McLean 

Cliarles McLean 
1779 Ephraim McLean Thomas Whitson 

William Morrison 
1780 Ephraim McLean* Hugh Brevards 

Joseph McDowell 
1781 Andrew Woods^ Hugh Brevard 

Joseph McDowell 
1782 Charles McDowell Joseph McDowell 

Waightstill Avery 
1783 Charles McDowell Joseph McDowell 

Waightstill Avery 
1784, Apr Charles McDowellis Waightstill Avery 

Joseph McDowell 
1784, Oct Charles McDowell Waightstill Avery 

Joseph McDowelli-* 
1785 Charles McDowell Joseph McDowell 

Waightstill Avery 
1786 Charles McDowell David Vance j 

Joseph McDowell 
1787 Charles McDowell. Joseph McDowell 

Joseph McDowell, Jr. 
1788 Charles McDowell Joseph McDowell 

Joseph McDowell, Jr. 

1789 Charles McDowelli- Joseph McDowell 

— Joseph McDowell, Jr. 

1790 Joseph McDowell Joseph McDowell, Jr. 

David Vance 



520 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1791 Joseph McDowell Joseph McDowell, Jr. 

David Vance 
1792 Joseph McDowell John McDowell 

Joseph McDowell, Jr. 
1793 Joseph McDowell Waightstill Avery 

Alexander Erwln 
1794 Joseph McDowell Alexander Erwin 

John McDowell 
1795 William Morrison Alexander Erwin 

Conrad Hildebrand 
1796 Waightstill Avery William White 

Alexander Erwin 
1797 James Murphy Alexander Erwin 

Conrad Heldebrand 
1798 John Hall William Davenport 

William White 
1799 Waightstill Avery William Davenport 

Joseph Morgan 
1800 Andrew Baird William Davenport 

William Walton 
1801 Andrew Baird B. Smith 

David Tate 
1802 William Davenport David Tate 

Thomas McEntire 
1803 Andrew Baird David Tate 

Thomas Coleman 
1804 John Henry Stevelie Alexander Erwin 

Hodge Rabourne [Ra- 
1805 John Henry Stevelie John Carson burn] 

Brice Collins 
1806 John Henry Stevelie John Carson 

Brice Collins 
1807 , William Tate Brice Collins 

David Tate 
1808 Israel Pickens Abraham Fleming 



t 



Membkks of the General Assembly. 521 

Year Senators ' Representatives 

1809 Israel Pickens Charles McDowell 

Isaac T. Avery 
1810 David Tate Isaac T. Avery 

Charles McDowell 
1811 David Tate Charles McDowell 

Isaac T. Avery 
1812 Hodge Rayburn William Dickson 

John M. Greenlee 
1813 Hodge Rayburn William Dickson 

Brice Collins 
1814 David Tate Brice Collins 

William Dickson 
1815 Arthur A. McDowell Brice Collins 

Joel Coffee 
1816 Alexander Perkins Brice Collins 

John Phagan 
1817 Alexander Perkins Brice Collins 

James R. McDowell 
1818 David Tate James R. McDowell 

Matthew Baird 
1819 Alexander Perkins Brice Collins 

James R. McDowell 
1820 James McDowell James R. McDowell 

Merritt Burgin 
1821 Alexander Perkins Brice Collins 

Matthew Baird 
1822 Samuel P. Carson Matthew Baird 

Merritt Burgin 
1823 James R. McDowell William Roane 

Brice Collins 
1824 Samuel P. Carson Alney Burgin 

Peter Ballew 
1825 James R. McDowell Peter Ballew 

Edwin Poor 
1826 Matthew Baird David Newland 

Edwin Poor 



522 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1827 Merritt Burgin David Newland 

David nSIeill 
1828 Merritt Burgin David Newland 

:Mark Brittain 
1829 Merritt Burgin Joseph Neul 

David Newland 
1830 David Newland Elias A. Hooper 

Alney Burgin 
1831 Mark Brittain Alney Burgin 

Francis P. Glass 
1832 James McDowell Alney Burgin 

Francis P. Glass 
1833 Mark Brittain Alney Burgin 

David Corpening 
1834 Samuel P. Carson lames H. Perkins 

Samuel Fleming 
1835 Peter Ballew Edward J. Erwin 

James H. Perkins 
Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1836 45th (See Yancey) Edward J. Erwin 

James H. Perkins 
Elisha P. Miller 

1838 45th (See Yancey) Edward J. Erwin 

William M. Carson 
Elisha P. Miller 

1840 45th Burges S. Gaither William M. Carson 

Elisha P. Miller 
Joseph Neal 

1842 45th Alney Burgin Samuel J. Neal 

Tod R. Caldwell 
William W. Avery 

1844 48th ..... Burges S. Gaither Tod R. Caldwell 

Benjamin Burgin 

1846 48th (See Caldwell) William F. McKesson 

Joseph J. Erwin 



Members of the Gexeral Assembly. 523 

Sc7iatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1848 48th (See Caldwell) Tod R. Caldwell 

John S. Erwin 

1850 48th Tod R. Caldwell William W. Avery 

T. George Walton 

1852 48th (See Wilkes) William W. Avery 

John S. Erwin 

1854 46th C. T. N. Davis W. F. McKesson 

1856 46th William W. Avery 

1858 46th (See Caldwell) Tod R. Caldwell 

1860 46th William AV. Avery John H. Pearson 

1862 46th Samuel J. Neal John Parks 

1864 46th (See Caldwell) Joseph J. Erwin 

1865 46th (See Caldwell) J. B. Marler 

1866 46th A. C. Avery Samuel C Wilson 

1868 41st. (See Caldwell) John R. Sudderth 

1870 41st (See Watauga) J. C. Mills 

1872 36th (See McDowell & Yancey) P. Warlick 

1874 36th J. C. Mills Samuel McD. Tate 

1876 36th. .... (See Yancey & Caldwell) .James W. Wilson 

1879 36th J. G. Bynum D. H. Berry 

1881 36th (See Caldwell & Mitchell) Samuel McD. Tate 

1883 36th B. A. Berry Samuel McD. Tate 

1885 36th (See Caldwell and Mc- Samuel McD. Tate 

Dowell) 

1887 36th John Tull J. C. Mills 

1889 36th (See Caldwell & Yancey) .Julius H. Hoffman 

1891 36th L. T. Avery C. Houch 

1893 31st (See Mitchell & Caldwell) Julius H. Hoffman 

1895 31st (See Mitchell and Mc- S. Huffman 

Dowell) 

1897 31st (See Caldwell & Yancey) ..John H. Pearson 

1899 31st (See Mitchell and Mc- Julius H. Hoffman 

Dowell) 
1901 31st (See Mitchell and Cald- Joseph F. Spainhour 

well) 
1903 34th (See McDowell) John Ernest Erwin 



524 • State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1905 34th W. S. Pearson B. F. Davis 

1907 34th B. P. Davis Isaac T. Avery 

1909 34th Samuel A. McCall Thomas L. Sigmon 

1911 34th Thomas L. Sigmon Joseph P. Spainhour 

1913 33d (See Caldwell and Alex- John M. Mull 

ander) 

BUTE. 

Bute county was formed in 1764 from Granville. Was named for 
John Stuart, Earl of Bute, one of the Principal Secretaries of State, 
and also Pirst Lord of the Treasury under King George III., over 
v/hich monarch he exercised a dominant influence. The Earl be- 
came very unpopular with the Americans, and in 1778 the General 
Assembly of North Carolina passed an act which wiped Bute county 
from the map by dividing its territory into new counties called 
Warren and Franklin, after the Revolutionary patriots Joseph War- 
ren and Benjamin Franklin. 

Membeks of the General Assemble. 
Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Benjamin Seaweli Green Hill 

Benjamiii Ward 

1778 Edward Jones Benjamin Hawkins 

Adkin McLemore 



Members of the General Assembly. 525 

CABARRUS. 

Cabarrus county was formed in 1792 from Mecklenburg, was named 
in honor of Stephen Cabarrus, of Edenton, several times a member 
of the Legislature and often Speaker of the House of Commons. The 
county seat is Concord. 

Members of the General Assembly. 
Year Senators Representatives 

1793 Caleb Phifer Paul Barringer 

James Bradshaw 
1794 Caleb Phifer Robert Smith 

James Bradshaw 
1795 Caleb Phifer Robert Smith 

James Bradshaw 
1796 Caleb Phifer Robert Smith 

Archibald McCurdy 
1797 Caleb Phifer James Bradshaw 

Archibald McCurdy 
1798 Caleb Phifer James Bradshaw 

John Allison 
1799 Caleb Phifer James Bradshaw 

Robert Smith 
1800 Caleb Phifer James Bradshaw 

John Allison 
1801 Caleb Phifer Robert Smith 

James Bradshaw 
1802 James Bradshaw John Allison 

Archibald McCurdy 
1803 William Lee Alexander. . .John Allison 

John Phifer 
1804 William Lee Alexander. . .John Allison 

John Phifer 
1805 William Lee Alexander. . .John Allison 

John Phifer 
1806 Gedrge Harris Paul Barringer 

Archibald Houston 



526 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1807 George Harris Paul Barringer 

Archibald Houston 
1808 George Harris Paul Barringer 

Archibald Houston 
1809 Robert W. Smith Paul Barringer 

Archibald Houston 
1810 Robert W. Smith Paul Barringer 

John Phifer 
1811 Robert W. Smith Paul Barringer 

John Phifer 
1812 Robert W. Smith Paul Barringer 

John Phifer 
1813 Robert W. Smith Paul Barringer 

John Phifer 

1814 Robert W. Smith Paul Barringer 

John Phifer 

1815 Robert W. Smith Paul Barringer 

John Phifer 

1816 Abraham C. McRee Samuel Morrison 

John P. Phifer 

1817 Abraham C. McRee John F. Phifer 

George Kluttz 

1818 John N. Phifer John F. Phifer 

1819 William R. Pharr William McLean 

George Kluttz 

1820 William R. Pharr William McLane 

Christopher Melchor 

1821 William R. Vharr William McLean 

Christopher Melchor 

1822 Paul Barringer William McLean 

Christopher Melchor 

1823 John Phifer William McLean 

Christopher Melchor 

1824 Paul Barringer Robert Pickens 

Christopher Melchor 



Members of the General Assembly. 527 

Year Senators Representatives 

1825 Lawson [H.] Alexander. .Christopher Melchor 

Robert Pickens 
1826 Lawson H. Alexander J. C. Earnhardt 

Robert Pickens 
1827 Lawson H. Alexander. . . .William McLean 

J. C. BarnhardL 
1828 Lawson H. Alexander William McLean 

J. C. Earnhardt 
1829 Christopher Melchor Daniel M. Barringer 

William McLean 
1830 Christopher Melchor Daniel M. Earringer 

J. C. Earnhardt 
1831 Christopher Melchor Daniel M. Earringer 

William McLean 
1832 Archibald Houston Daniel M. Earringer 

George Ury 
1833 George Kluttz Daniel M. Earringer 

William McLean 
1834 George Kluttz Daniel M. Barringer 

Jacob Williams 
1835 David Long Levi Hope 

Daniel M. Earringer2i 

George Earnhardt 
Senatorial 
Year District'^' Senators Representatives 

1836 33d Christopher Melchor William S. Harris 

1838 33d Christopher Melchor Daniel Eoger 

1840 33d Christopher Melchor Daniel M. Barringer 

f842 33d W. P. Pharr Daniel M. Barringer 

1844 40th W. F. Pharr Caleb Phifer 

Thomas H. Robinson 
1846 40th Christopher Melchor Joseph W. Scott 

Lewis E. Krimminger 
1848 40th (See Stanly) Rufus Earringer 

Joseph W. Scott 



528 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1850 40tli Rufus Barringer Joseph W. Scott 

John Shimpock 

1852 40th (See Stanly) .¥/illiam S. Harris 

John Shimpock 

1854 40th (See Stanly) Daniel M. Barringer 

1856 40th.... .E. R. Gibson Caleb N. White 

1858 40th (See Stanly) E. B. Burns 

1860 40th Victor C. Barringer William S. Harris 

1862 40th (See Stanly) William S. Harris 

1864.. 40th J. E. McEachern P. B. C. Smith 

1865 40th J. E. McEachern R. W. Allison 

1866 40th (See Stanly) John M. Long 

1868 31st Christopher Melchor John P. Gibson 

1870 31st (See Stanly) .J. L. Henderson 

1872 28th J. C. Bernhardt Thomas J. Shinn 

1874 28th (See Stanly) Paul B. Means 

1876 28th L. G. Heilig Ervin Harris 

1879 28th (See Stanly) W. H. Orchard . 

1881 28th A. Foil A. Hileman 

1883 28th (See Stanly) "...H. C. McAllister 

1885 28th Paul B. Means T. D. Miller 

1887. 28th (See Stanly) J. W. Long 

1889 28th Paul B. Means Charles McDonald 

1891 28th (See Stanly) A. F. Hileman 

1893 24th W. G. Means D. Henry White 

1895; 24th (See Stanly) A. F. Hileman 

1897 24th C. D. Barringer A. F. Hileman 

1899 24th (See Stanly) L. T. Hartsell 

1901 24th L. C. McAllister W. W. Morris 

1903 25th J. P. Allison Charles H. Hamilton 

1905 25th W. R. Odell Morgan B. Stickley 

1907 25th W. R. Odell Morgan B. Stickley 

1909 25th Paul B. Means Hiette S. Williams 

1911 25th L. T. Hartsell William L. Morris 

1913 24th J. P. Cook Hiette S. Williams 



I 



Members of the General Assembly. 529 

CALDWELL. 

Caldwell county was formed in 1841 from Burke and Wilkes. 
Was named in honor of Joseph Caldwell, the first president of the 
University of North Carolina. He was one of the first and strongest 
advocates of the public school system and of the railroad through 
the center of the state from Morehead City to Tennessee. Lenoir is 
the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1842 Alney Burgin 

1844 48th (See Burke) William Dickson 

1846 48th Samuel P. Patterson Elisha B. [P.] Miller 

1848 48th Samuel F. Patterson Elisha P. Miller 

1850 48th (See Burke) John Hayes 

1852 48th (See Wilkes) Elisha P. Miller 

1854 46th (See Burke) Samuel F. Patterson 

1856 46th (See Burke) Cornelius W. Clark 

1858 46th Elisha P. Miller T. J. Dula 

1860 46th (See Burke) William W. Dickson 

1862 46th (See Burke) Matthias A. Bernhardt 

1864 46th Samuel P. Patterson James M. Isbell 

1865 46th James M. Isbell James C. Harper 

1866 46th (See Burke) James C. Harper 

1868 41st Edmund W. Jones James C. Harper^ 

W. H. Malone 

1870 41st (See Watauga) Edmund Jones 

1872 36th (See McDowell & Yancey) Edmund Jones 

1874 36th (See Burke and Mitchell) Matthias A. Bernhardt 

1876 36th George N. Folk J. M. Houck 

1879 36th (See Burke & McDowell) .Edmund Jones 

1881 36th William C. Newland G. W. F. Harper 

1883 36th (See Burke and Yancey) . W. H. Bower 

1885 36th . . . . W. H. Bower R. R. Wakefield 

1887 36th (See Burke & Mitchell) . .D. D. Coffey ; 

34 



530 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1889 36th H. S. Blair William C. Newland 

1891 36th (See Burke & McDowell) .Samuel L. Patterson 

1893 31st Samuel L. Patterson Edmund Jones 

1895 31st (See Mitchell and Mo- James L. Nelson 

Dowell) 

1897 31st E. F. Wakefield James L. Nelson 

1899 31st (See McDowell and 

Mitchell) Samuel L. Patterson 

1901 31st A. V. Miller John B. Isbell 

1903 34th (See McDowell) William C. Newland 

1905 34th A. V. Miller J. A. Crisp 

1907 34th. ... . . (See Burke & McDowell) .Moses N. Harshaw 

1909 34th J. C. Sherrill Moses N. Harshaw 

1911 34th (See Burke & McDowell) .Alfred A. Kent 

1913 33d Lawrence Wakefield E. D. Crisp 

CAMDEN. 

Camden county was formed in 1777 from Pasquotank. Was named 
in honor of the learned Englishman, Charles Pratt, Earl of Camden, 
who was one of the strongest friends of the Americans in the British 
Parliament. He took their side in the dispute over taxation without 
representation. The county seat is Camden Courthouse. 

Members of the General, Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

nil John Grayi Thomas Humphriesi 

Caleb Grandyi 

1778 Joseph Jonesi John Gray^ 

Caleb Grandy2 
Willis Brights 

1779 John Gray Willis Bright 

Caleb Grandy 

1780 John Grays William Burgess 

Isaac Gregory 

1781 



» 



Members of the General Assembly. 531 

Year Senators Representatives 

1782 Isaac Gregory Dempsey Sawyer 

Benjamin Jones 

1783 Isaac Gregory Benjamin Jones 

1784, Apr Isaac Gregoryis Enoch Sawyeri^ 

Benjamin Joneses 
1784, Oct Isaac Gregory Abner Harrison 

Benjamin Jones 
1785 Isaac Gregory Enoch Sawyer 

Selby Harney 
1786 Isaac Gregory Enoch Sawyer 

Peter Dauge 
1787 Isaac Gregory Enoch Sawyer 

Peter Dauge 
1788 Isaac Gregory Peter Dauge 

Enoch Sawyer 
1789 Isaac Gregoryi^ Enoch Sawyer 

Peter Dauge 
1790 Peter Dauge Charles Grandy 

Enoch Sawyer 
1791 Peter Dauge Charles Grandy 

William Burgess 
1792 Peter Dauge Charles Grandy 

William Burgessis 

Caleb Grandy 
1793 Peter Dauge Caleb Grandy 

Nathan Snowden 

1794 John Gray^s William Neaville 

Stephen Sawyer Nathan Snowden 

1795 Isaac Gregory Nathan Snowden 

Caleb Grandyis 

Zephenia Burgess 
1796 Nathan Snowden Enoch Dailey 

Josiah Morgan 
1797 Joseph Torksey Enoch Daily 



532 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1798 Joseph Torksey Zephaniah [Zephenia] 

Burgess 

Nathan Snowden 
1799 Joseph Torksey Thomas Mercer 

Enoch Dailey 
1800 Joseph Torksey Thomas Mercer 

Lemuel Sawyer 
1801 Joseph Torksey Thomas Mercer 

Thomas Burgess 
1802 Thomas Burgess . . . „ Thomas Mercer 

Caleb Perkins 
1803 Nathan Snowden. Joseph Morgan 

Caleb Perkins 
1804 Arthur Old Joseph Morgan 

David Dunkin 
1805 Arthur Old Joseph Morgan 

Caleb Perkins 
1806 Arthur Old Joseph Morgan 

Caleb Perkins 
1807 Arthur Old Caleb Perkins 

Thomas Bell 
1808 Nathan Snowden Caleb Perkins 

Thomas Bell 
1809 Caleb Perkins Thomas Bell 

Joseph Dozier 
1810 Gideon Lamb Thomas Bell 

Dempsey Sawyer 
1811 Caleb Perkins Dempsey Sawyer 

William Mercer 
1812 Joseph Dozier Dempsey Sawyer 

John Kelly 
1813 Thomas Bell Dempsey Sawyer 

Thomas Btheridge 
1814 Thomas Bell John Kellar 

Baily Barco 



Members of the Gexeeal Assembly. 533 

Year Senators Representatives 

1815 Caleb Perkins Baily Barco 

John A. Brockett 
1816 Caleb Perkins Willis Wilson 

Ezekiel Trotman 
1817 Caleb Perkins Baily Barco 

Willis Wilson 
1818 John Kelly William Hearing 

William Mercer 
1819 Caleb Perkins William Mercer ' 

John Jones 
1820 Caleb Perkins William Mercer 

John Jones 
1821 Luke G. Lamb Wilson B. Webster 

Samuel Mercer 
1822 Mason Culpepper Wilson B. Webster 

John Jones 
1823 Caleb Perkins Wilson B. Webster 

Thomas Tillett 
1824 Caleb Perkins Wilson B. Webster 

Thomas Tillett 
1825 Willis Wilson Thomas Tillett 

William [Wilson] B. 
Webster 
1826 Willis Wilson Thomas Dozier •/ 

Simeon Jones 
1827 Willis Wilson Thomas Tillett 

Thomas Dozier 
1828 Haywood S. Bell Thomas Dozier 

William [Wilson] B. 
Webster 
1829 Haywood S. Bell Thomas Dozier 

Abner H. Grandy 
1830 Caleb Perkins Abner H. Grandy 

Thomas Dozier 
1831 Haywood S. Bell Abner H. Grandy 

Thomas Dozier 



534 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1832 Haywood S. Bell Benjamin D. Hardison 

Thomas Tillett 
1833 Enoch Nash Thomas Tillett 

Caleb Barco 
1834 Edmund J. Barco Thomas Tillett 

James N. McPherson 
1835 Thomas Tillett James N. McPherson 

John S. Burgess 

Senatorial 
Year District^-! Senators Representatives 

1836 2d (See Currituck) David Pritchard 

1838 2d (See Currituck) John S. Burgess 

1840 2d (See Currituck) Abner H. Grandy 

1842 2d (See Currituck) Cornelius G. Lamb . 

1844 2d (See Currituck) Caleb Barco 

1846 2d (See Currituck) Dennis D. Ferebee 

1848 2d (See Currituck) Dennis D. Ferebee 

1850 2d (See Currituck) Caleb Barco 

1852 2d (See Currituck) Caleb Barco 

1854 2d (See Currituck) Wilson Harrison 

1856 2d (See Currituck)... Dennis D. Ferebee 

1858 2d Charles C. Williams Dennis D. Ferebee 

I860 2d (See Currituck) Dennis D. Ferebee 

1862 2d D. McD. Lindsay 

1864 2d D. McD. Lindsay William A. Duke 

' 1865 2d ; G. G. Luke 

1866 2d W. B. Ferebee W. J. Morisett 

1868 1st (See Perquimans and W. B. Ferebee 

Currituck) 

1870 1st (See Chowan) John L. Chamberlain 

1872 1st John L. Chamberlain Simeon A. Jones 

1874 1st (See Currituck and Hert- F. N. Nullin 

ford) 
1876 1st (See Currituck and John K. Abbott 

Chowan) 



Members of the General Assembly. 



535 



I 



Senatorial 
Year District^'! Senators 

1879 1st (See Perquimans and 

Hertford) 

1881 1st (See Gates & Currituck) . 

1883 1st (See Gates & Currituck) . 

1885 1st (See Gates and Chowan) . 

1887 1st (See Hertford and Pas- 
quotank) 

1889 1st John K. Abbott 

1891 1st (See Currituck 6 Gates) . 

1893 1st John K. Abbott 

1895 1st (See Hertford and Per- 
quimans) 

1897 1st (See Hertford and Per- 
quimans) 

1899 1st (See Hertford and Per- 
quimans) 

1901 1st ( See Currituck and 

Chowan) 

1903 1st ( See Chowan and Pas- 
quotank) 

1905 1st (See Chowan and Curri- 
tuck) ^ 

1907 1st (See Gates and Pasquo- 
tank) 

1909 1st (See Gates & Currituck) . 

1911 1st Jesse B. Williams 

1913 1st (See Hertford & Chowan) 



Representatives 
S. J. Forbes 

George H. Riggs 
John K. Abbott 
H. W. Scott 
J. W. Holstead 

E. M. DeFord 
W. P. Walston 
Felix Jones 
D. R. Squires 

James E. Burgess 

John K. Abbott 

G. C. Barco 

M. B. Hughes 

G. C. Barco 

D. H. Tillett 

James E. Cooke 
Dennis P. Bartlett 
D. H. Tillett 



536 State Officials. 

CARTERET. 

Carteret county was formed in 1722 from Bath. Was named in 
honor of Sir John Carteret, afterwards (1744) Earl Granville, one 
of the Lords Proprietors. When the other Lords Proprietors sold 
their shares to the king in 1728, Carteret refused to sell, and an im- 
mense tract of land in North Carolina was laid off as his share in 
1744. It was called the Granville District and was the cause of a 
great deal of trouble. He lost it by confiscation when the Revolu- 
tion freed North Carolina from British rule. Beaufort is the county 
seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 James Parrott Thomas Chadwicki 

1778 William Thompson Solomon Shepard 

John Easton 

1779 William Thompson 

1780 : Solomon Shepard 

1781 John Easton 

1782 

1783 John Easton Enoch Ward 

Eli West 

1784, Apr (See Note 13) Eli West 

1784, Oct Enoch Ward Eli West . 

John Eastoni-i 
1785 John Easton David Cooper J 

Eli West 
1786 John Easton Eli West 

John Fulford 

1787 John Easton Nathan Fuller 

1788 Joseph Hill John Fulford 

William Shepard 
1789 John Eastoni2 Malachi Bell 

John Wallace 
1790 Malachi Bell John Fulford 

William Borden 



I 



Members of the General Assembly. 537 

Year Senators Representatives 

1791 Malachi Bell John Fulford 

Aden Jones 

1792 David Ward Adam Gaskins 

William Russell 
1793 David Ward Adam Gaskins 

William Burden 
1794 David Ward James Wallace 

William Russell 
1795 David Ward James Wallace 

William Russell 
1796 John Fulford Tames Wallace 

Aden Jones 
1797 John Fulford Asa Bishop 

Newell Bell 
1798 John Fulford Nathaniel Pinkham 

Micajah Piggott 
1799 Nathaniel Pinkham 

William Fisher 
1800 Newell Bell Elijah Piggot 

John McKaim 
1801 Asa Bishop Elijah Piggot 

John McKaim 

1802 William Fisher Elijah Piggot 

J Samuel Easton 

1803 Asa Bishop Samuel Easton 

Thomas Harris 
1804 Asa Bishop Samuel Easton 

John Roberts 
1805 Nathaniel Pinkham Thomas Russell 

John Roberts 
1806 Nathaniel Pinkham Thomas Russell 

John Roberts 
1807 Nathaniel Pinkham Thomas Russel 1 

John Roberts 
1808 Elijah Piggot Jacob Henry 

John Roberts 



538 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1809 Belcher Fuller Jacob Henry 

John Roberts 
1810 Belcher Fuller John Roberts 

Nathaniel Pinkham 
1811 Belcher Fuller John Roberts 

Abraham Piggot 
1812 Belcher Fuller John Roberts 

Nathaniel Pinkham 
1813 Belcher Fuller John Roberts 

Nathaniel Pinkham 
1814 Andrew Wilson lehn Roberts 

Hatch Hill 
1815 Lebbeus Hunter .Hatch Hill 

John Roberts 
1816 John RobertsG Whittington Davis 

Elijah Piggot 
1817 George H. Dudley John Mayo 

Nathaniel Pinkham 
1818 Whittington Davis Natha,niel Pinkham 

Isaac Hellen 

1819 Andrew AVilson, Jr.".'. ... .Isaac Hellen 

Whittington Davis Nathaniel Pinkham 

1820 Andrew Wilson Wallace D. Styron* 

Edward H. Bell 
1821 Yv^hittington Davis Wallace D. Styron 

Garrettson L. Morganis 

Otway Burns 
1822 Whittington Davis Otway Burns 

Isaac Hellen 
1823 Andrew Wilson Isaac Hellen 

Edward H. Bell 
1824 Whittington Davis Otway Burns 

Walter D. Styron 
1825 Whittington Davis Otway Burns 

William H. Borden 



Members of the General Assembly. 539 

Yeat' Senators Representatives 

1826 Whittington Davis Edward H. Bell 

-» Otway Burns 

1827 Nathan Fuller Otway Burns 

David W. Borden 
1828 Otway Burns J. S. W. Hellen 

David W. Borden 
1829 Otway Burns J. S. W. Hellen 

David W. Borden 
1830 David W. Borden Thomas Marshall 

John F. Jones 
1831 Thomas Marshall John F. Jones 

James W. Hunt 
1832 Thomas Marshall Otway Burns 

David W. Borden 
1833 Otway Burns Samuel Leffers 

Elijah Whithurst 
1834 Otway Burns James Maney 

Elijah S. Bell 
1835 James W. Bryan James W. Hunt 

Thomas Marshall 
Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

. James W. Bryan Thomas Marshall 

(See Jones) Elijah S. Bell 

, Isaac Hellen Elijah Whitehurst 

(See Jones) Thomas Marshall 

, Isaac Hellen David W. Whitehurst 

(See Jones) Jennings Piggot 

.Elijah S. Bell Jennings Piggot 

.M. F. Arendell Jennings Piggot 

,M. F. Arendell David W. Whitehurst 

(See Jones) L. T. Oglesby 

(See Jones) William W. Rumley 

(See Jones) Saml. Leffors [Leffers] 

.M. F. Arendell David W. Whitehurst 

.M. P. Arendell 



1836.., 


...20th 


1838... 


...20th 


1840... 


...20th 


1842... 


...20th 


1844... 


...14th 


1846... 


. . . 14th 


1848.. 


...14th 


1850... 


...14th 


1852.. 


...14th 


1854... 


...14th 


1856... 


...14th 


1858... 


...14th 


I860.. 


...14th 


1862.. 


...14th 



540 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year DistiHct^'i Senators Representatives 

1864 14th M. F. Arendell Stephen D. Pool 

1865 14th M. F. Arendell M. J. Davis 

1866 14th (See Jones) John M. Perry 

1868 10th W. A. Moore Joel Henry Davis 

1870 10th (See Craven) L. W. Martin 

1872 9th (See Onslow) Silas Webb 

1874 9th W. T. R. Bell Appleton Oaksmith 

1876 9th (See Jones) W. V. Geoffrey 

1879 9th (See Onslow) A. H. Chadwick 

1881 9th.. .^ .R. H. Jones .George W. Smith 

1883 9th (See Jones) L. H. Hardy 

1885 9th (See Onslow) A. H. Chadwick 

1887 9th J. W. Saunders Charles R. Thomas, Jr. 

1889 9th (See Jones) A. H. Chadwick 

1891 9th (See Onslow) Charles M. Edwards 

1893 8th L. A. Potter David W. Russell 

1895 8th (See Onslow and Lenoir) .Edward C. Duncan 

1897 8th (See Craven) Edward C. Duncan 

1899 8th (See Craven and Lenoir) .John B. Russell 

1901 8th (See Greene and Jones) . .M. W. Taylor 

1903 8th (See Jones and Lenoir) . .J. V/. Mason 

1905 8th W. L. Arendell T. D. Webb 

1907 8th (See Lenoir and Onslow) .M. Leslie Davis 

1909 8th (See Lenoir and Onslovv') .Charles S. Wallace 

1911 8th M. Leslie Davis Charles S. Wallace 

1913 7th M. Leslie Davis Charles S. Wallace 



Members of the General Assembly. 541 

CASWELL. 

Caswell county was formed in 1777 from Orange. Was named in 
honor of Richard Caswell, member of the First Continental Con- 
gress, first Governor of North Carolina after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, six times reelected Governor, and Major-Genei-al in the 
Kevolutionary army. Yanceyvllle is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

mi James Saunders John Atkinsoni 

Richard Moorei 
1778 James Saunders John Williams 

Peter Farrow 
1779 James Saunders William Moore 

Peter Farrow 
1780 Peter Farrow 

John Williams 

Stephen Moore 

1781 Josiah Cole 

1782 John Williams William Moore 

1783 William Moore David Shelton 

1784, Apr William Mooreis David Shelton 

John Atkinson 
1784, Oct ■. Edward Clayc 

William Moore 
1785 Dempsey Moore Robert Dickens 

Adam Sanders 
1786 Dempsey Moore Adam Sanders 

Robert Dickens 
1787 Dempsey Moore Adam Sanders 

Robert Dickens 
1788 Robert Payne Benjamin Douglass 

John Graves 
1789 Robert Payneiz Jqhn Womack 

Robert Dickens 
1790 Robert Payne Robert Dickens 

John Graves 



542 State Officials. 

Year - Senators Representatives 

1791 .Robert Dickens James Williamson 

John Graves 
1792 James Williamson John Graves 

David Shelton 
1793 John Williams Gabriel Lea 

Daniel Burford 
1794 John Williams Gabriel Lea 

William Parr 
1795 John Williams Solomon Graves 

Daniel Burfort 
1796 Wynn Dixon Robert Blackwell 

Solomon Graves 
1797 Wynn Dixon Robert Blackwell 

Solomon Graves 
1798 Azariah Graves Saml. Molton [Morton?] 

James Yancey 
1799 Wynn Dixon Samuel Morton 

Samuel Moore 
1800 Samuel Morton James Yancey 

Richard Simpson 
1801 Samuel Morton James Yancey 

John McAden 
1802 Marmaduke Williams John McAden 

James Yancey 
1803 Samuel Morton James Yancey 

John McAden 
1804 Samuel Morton Richard Hornbuckle 

Laurence Lea 
1805 Azariah Graves Richard Hornbuckle 

John McMullin 
1806 Azariah Graves James Burton 

John McMullin 
1807 Azariah Graves James Burton 

James Yancey 
1808 Azariah Graves James Yancey 

James Burton 



I 



1810 Azariah Graves. 



1811 Azariah Graves . 



1812 Nathan Williams. 



Members of the General Assembly. 543 

Year Senators Representatives 

• 1809 Azariah Graves Isaac Rainey 

Nathan Williams 
Isaac Rainey 

Nathan Williams 
James Yancey 

Isaac Rainey 
Samuel Dabney 

James Rainey 
1813 Nathan Williams Quentin Anderson 

Barzillai Graves 
1814 Barzillai Graves Isaac Rainey 

John P. Harrison 
1815 Barzillai Graves Romulus M. Saunders 

Bedford Brown 
1816 Romulus M. Saunders Warmer Williams 

Bedford Brown 
1817 Bartlett Yancey Bedford Brown 

John P. Harrison 
Romulus M. Saunders 

Barzillai Graves 
Romulus M. Saunders 

Barzillai Graves 
Barzillai Graves 

Romulus M. Saunders 
Quentin Anderson 

Barzillai Graves 
James Yancey 

Barzillai Graves 
Bedford Brown 

James Rainey 
James Rainey 



1818. -. Bartlett Yancey-. 

1819 Bartlett Yancey. 

1820 Bartlett Yancey . 

1821 Bartlett Yancey . 

1822 Bartlett Yancey. 



1823 Bartlett Yancey. 



1824 Bartlett Yancey 

Charles D. Donoho 
1825 Bartlett Yancey John E. Lewis 

Charles D. Donoho 
1826 Bartlett Yancey John E. Lewis 

Charles D. Donoho 



544 



State Officials. 



Senators Representatives 

Bartlett Yancey John E. Lewis 

Charles D. Donoho 

Bartlett Yanceyi'' James H. RuflBn 

Bedford Brown Charles D. Donohoi^ 

James Rainey 

Bedford Brown26 John Wilson 

James Rainey James Kerr 

1830 James Kerr Littleton A. Gwinn 

Stephen Dodson 
James Kerr •. Littleton A. Gwinn 

John T. Garland 
James Kerr Barzillai Graves 

Littleton A. Gwinn 
James Kerr John E. Brown 

Stephen Dodson 
James Kerr John E. Brown 

Littleton A. Gwinn 
James Kerr Littleton A. Gwinn 

Stephen Dodson 



Year 
1827. 

1828. 
1829. 



1831. 



1832. 



1833. 



1834. 



1835. 



Year 

1836. 

1838. 



Senatorial 
District"' 



1840. 



1842, 



1844. 



1846. 



1848. 



Senators Representatives 

.35th James Kerr '. Littleton A. Gwinn 

William A. Lea 

.35th James Kerr Levi Walker 

Littleton A. Gwinn 
.35th James Kerr Calvin Graves 

Levi Walker 
.35th Bedford Brown Calvin Graves 

Levi Walker 
.37th Littleton A. Gwinn Calvin Graves 

James K. Lea 
.37th Calvin Graves John B. McMullen 

Richard Jones 

.37th Calvin Graves John B. McMullen 

Richard Jones 



Members of the General assembly. 545 

Senatorial 

c 

Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1850 37th George Williamson Samuel P. Hill 

David S. Johnson 
1852 37th Elijah K. Withers Samuel P. Hill 

William Long 
1854 37th J. A. Graves Samuel P. Hill 

William Long 
1856 37th Samuel P. Hill William Long 

Elijah K. Withers 
1858 37th Bedford Brown John Kerr 

Stephen E. Williams 
1860 37th Bedford Brown John Kerr^i 

Elijah K. Withers 

Samuel P. Hill 

1862 37th Bedford Brown Samuel S. Harrison 

. William Long 
1864 37th William Long Montford McGehee 

Samuel S. Harrison 
1865 37th T. A. Donaho Samuel S. Harrison 

Philip Hodnett 
1866 37th Livingston Brown Philip Hodnett 

William B. Bowe 
1868 24th Bedford Brown Philip Hodnett 

William Long" 

Wilson Cary3T 
1870 24th Wilson Cary^' W. Paylor 

E. B. Withers 
1872 20th (See Orange and Person) .Thomas J. Foster 

George Bowe 
1874 20th George Williamson Thomas S. Harrison 

Wilson Carys" 
1876 20th (See Person and Orange) .Wilson CarysT 

Thomas S. Harrison 

1879 20th Giles Mebane Wilson Cary37 

George Williamson Thomas S. Harrison 

1881 20th (See Orange and Person) .A. Bigelow 

Thomas S. Harrison 

35 



546 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1883 20th C. N. B. Evans James W. Poesr 

1885 20th (See Person and Orange) .George N. Thompson 

1887 20th Thomas S. Harrison W. P. Webster 

1889 20th (See Person and Orange) .Wilson Carys^ 

1891 20th R. S. Mitchell Robert L. Walker 

1893 18th (See Alamance & Orange) David Williamson 

1895 18th W. G. Stephens Calvin L. Smith 

1897 18th (See Alamance and Dur- Charles J. Yarborough 

ham) 

1899 18th J. M. Satterfield Charles J. Yarborough 

1901 18th (See Alamance and Dur- William S. Wilson 

ham) 

1903 19th R. L. Walker John F. Walters 

1905 19th (See Durham and Ala- W. T. Sledge 

mance) 

1907 19th C. H. King Julius Johnston 

1909 19th (See Durham and Ala- Archibald E. Henderson 

mance) 

1911 19th J. A. Hurdle W. Osmond Smith 

1913 18th (See Alamance and Dur- T. H. Hatchett 

ham) 

CATAWBA. 

Catawba county was formed in 1842 from Lincoln. Was named 
after a tribe of Indians which dv/elt in that section of the State. 
Newton is the county seat. Catawba county voted with Gaston and 
Lincoln until 1854. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^- Senators Representatives 

1848 46th Henry W. Conner 

1850 46th (See Lincoln) 

1852 46th (See Lincoln) 

1854 47th (See Lincoln) H. Sherrill 



Members of the General Assembly. 547 

Senatorial 
Year District^'i Senators Representatives 

1856 47th (See Lincoln) Gilbert P. Routh 

1858 47tli (See Lincoln) H. Sherrill 

1860 47tli (See Lincoln) Jonas Cline 

1862 47th (See Lincoln) George S. Hooper^i 

Horace L. Robards 



I 



1864 47th M. L. McCorkle. 

1865 47th (See Lincoln) . . 

1866 47th M. L. McCorkle. 

1868 37th (See Gaston) . . . 

1870 37th (See Lincoln) . . 

1872 37th James R. Ellis . . 

1874 37th (See Lincoln) . . 

1876 37th Sidney M. Finger 

1879 37th (See Lincoln) . 

1881 37th Sidney M. Finger 

1883 37th (See Lincoln) . . 

1885 37th Miles O. Sherrill 

1887 37th (See Lincoln) . . 

1889 37th J. Turner 

1891 37th (See Lincoln) . . 

1893 29th Miles 0. Sherrill 



W. P. Reinhardt29 

• W. P. Reinhardt 

• W. P. Reinhardt 

• W. P. Reinhardt 

• James R. Ellis 

• R. B. B. Houston 

• R. B. B. Houston 

• Sidney M. Finger 

• D. McD. Yount 

• R. B. Davis 

• D. McD. Yount 

• Miles 0. Sherrill 

• A. A. Shuford 

• M. F. Hull 

• A. M. Huitt 
.S.T. Wilfong 

• P. A. Hoyle 
.Lee R. Whitener 



1895 29th A. Y. Sigmon. . 

1897 29th (See Wilkes and Lincoln) Lee R. Whitener 

1899 29th (See Lincoln and Alex- A. C. Boggs 

ander) 

1901 29th (See Lincoln and Wilkes) W. B. Gaither 

1903 31st ( See Lincoln) William Augustus Self 

1905 31st C. L. Turner Walter C. Feimster 

1907 31st (See Lincoln) Marshall H. Yount 

1909 31st J. D. Elliott • • J. Yates Killian 

1911 31st (See Lincoln) George W. Rabb 

1913 30th W. B. Council W. B. Gaither 



548 State Officiaxs. 

CHATHAM. 

Chatham county was formed in 1770 from Orange. Was named 
in honor of the great Englishman who won for England all of French 
America and was the most eloquent defender of the American cause 
in the British Parliament during the Revolution — William Pitt, Earl 
of Chatham. Pittsboro is the county seat. 

Members of the Genebajl Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 .Ambrose Ramsay Mial Scurlock^ 

Alexander Clarki 

John Birdsong 

1778 Ambrose Ramsay^ Alexander Clark 

John Birdsongi James Williams 

1779 Ambrose Ramsay Jonathan Harper 

John Lutrell 
1780 Ambrose Ramsay Mial Scurlcck 

James Williams 
1781 Ambrose Ramsay James Williams 

John Lutrell 

1782 William B. Smithn Elisha Cain 

James Williams^ Matthew Ramsey 

1783 Ambrose Ramsay Matthew Jones 

Richard Kennon 

1784, Apr Ambrose Ramsayis Williafn Clarkis 

1784, Oct Ambrose Ramsay Elisha Cain 

Joseph Stewart 
1785 Ambrose Ramsay '. .Joseph Stewart 

Roger Griffith 
1786 Ambrose Ramsay James Anderson 

Joseph Stewart 
1787 Ambrose Ramsay James Anderson 

Joseph Stewart 
1788 Ambrose Ramsay James Anderson 

Joseph Stewart 
1789 George Lucasi^ James Anderson 

Joseph Stewart 



Members of the Gexer.^l Assembly. 549 

Year Senators Representatives 

1790 Joseph Stewart James Anderson 

John Mebane 
1791 Joseph Stewart John Mehane 

James Anderson 
1792 Joseph Stewart James Anderson 

John Mebane 
1793 Joseph Stewart George Lucas 

John Mebane 
1794 Joseph Stewart George Lucas 

John Dabney 
1795 Joseph Stewart John Mebane 

Mial Scurlock 
1796 Lemuel Smith John Dabney 

Thomas Stokes 
1797 George Lucas Thomas Stokes 

John Dabney 
1798 George Lucas John Dabney 

Thomas Stokes 
1799 James Gaines John Dabney 

John Mebane 
1800 James Gaines James Alston 

John Mebane 
1801 Lemuel Smith John Dabney 

John Mebane 
1802 Joseph John Alston George Dismukes 

John Dabney 
1803 Joseph John Alston John Mebane 

John Dabney 
1804 William Brantly John Parrar 

Andrew Headen 
lg05 John Farrar 

William O'Kelly 

1806 Winship Stedman Andrew Headen 

John Parrar 

1807 John Farrar .' John Mebane 

Andrew Headen 



550 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1808 John Farrar John Mebane 

Andrew Headen 
1809 Roderick Gotten John Mebane 

Charles Kennon 
1810 Micajah McGee Mark Bynum 

Nathan Stedman 
1811 Roderick Gotten Andre\N Headen 

John Mebane 
1812 Micajah McGee Mark Bynum 

William O'Kelly 
1813 John Farrar Bartholomew Lightfoot 

John B. Mebane 
1814 Andrew Headen John A. Ramsay 

William O'Kelly 
1815 John Farrar John A. Ramsay 

William O'Kelly 
1816 ; .John Farrar William O'Kelly 

Richard Garney Gotten 
1817 John Farrar Richard Garney Gotten 

John Joe Alston 
1818 William O'Kelly Richard Garney Gotten 

John A. Ramsay 
1819 John Farrar Thomas Hill 

John A. P',amsay 
1820 Thomas Hill John W. Bynum 

Jesse Bray 
1821 Jesse Bray Richard Freeman 

James G. Barbee 
1822 *. Jesse Bray Richard Garney Gotten 

William Underwood 
1823 Robert Marsh William Underwood 

A. Ramsay 
1 824 Robert Marsh Ambrose K. Ramsay 

Richard Garney Gotten 
1825 Robert M&rsh William Underwood 

Joseph J. Brooks 



Members of the General, Assembly. 551 

Year Senators Representatives 

1826 Robert Marsh Ambrose K. Ramsay 

Thomas Hill 

1827 Joseph Ramsay Nathaniel G. Smith 

■ Nathan A. Stedman 
1828 Joseph Ramsay Nathaniel G. Smith 

Joseph J. Brooks 
1829 Joseph Ramsay Joseph J. Brooks 

Nathaniel G. Smith 
1830 Joseph Ramsay Nathaniel G. Smith 

Joseph J. Brooks 
1831 William Rencher Joseph J. Brooks 

Hugh McQueen 
1832 Nathan A. Stedman John S. Guthrie 

Hugh McQueen 
1833 Nathan A. Stedman Richard Carney Gotten 

John S. Guthrie 
1834 Hugh McQueen Richard Carney Cotten 

John S. Guthrie 

Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1836 22d William Albright Spence McClenahan 

John S. Guthrie 
Richard Carney Cotten 

1838 22d William Albright Maurice Q. Waddell 

John S. Guthrie 
Isaac Clegg 

1840 22d William Albright Spence McClenahan 

John S. Guthrie 
Isaac Clegg 

1842 22d William Albright John S. Guthrie 

Thomas Lassiter 
John J. Jackson 

1844 31st William Albright Daniel Hackney 

John H. Haughton 
John S. Guthrie 



552 State Officials. 

8enato7'ial 

Year District^-! Senators Representatives 

1846 31st William Albright Daniel Hackney 

Thomas Lassiter 
Maurice Q. Waddell 

1848 31st William Albright Daniel Hackney 

Spence McClenahan 
James H. Headen 

1850 31st John H. Haughton Richard Carney Gotten 

Daniel Hackney 
G. M. Brazier 

1852 31st William Albright J. F. Reeves 

Richard Carney Gotten 
Turner Bynum 

1854 32d John H. Haughton James H. Headen 

Richard Carney Gotten 
A. D. Gotten 

1856 32d R. E. Rives Richard Carney Gotten 

Daniel Hackney 
Turner Bynum 

1858 32d E. B. Straughn John A. Moore 

Robert N. Green 
William P. Taylor 

1860 32d W. S. Harris William P. Taylor 

Robert N. Green 
Turner Bynum 

1862 32d William P. Taylor Thomas B. Harris 

William J. Headen 
Maurice Q. Waddell 

1864 32d E. H. Straughan J. H. Headen 

William J. Headen 
William P. Hadley 

1865 32d L. W. Gorrell J. A. McDonald 

R. D. Paschall 
George P. IMoore 

1866 32d R. B. Paschall George P. Moore 

George W. May 
Thomas W. Womble 



Members of the Gexeral Assembly. 553 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1868 23d Silas Burns* William T. Gunter 

James B. Long 
1870 23d Gaston Albright R. J. Powell 

John A. Womack 
1872 22d R. J. Powell John M. Moring 

O. A. Hanner 
1874 22d W. G. Albright O. A. Hanner 

John M. Moring 
1876 22d W. G. Albright John M. Moring 

James R. Powell 
1879 22d A. H. Merritt J. J. Golcistou 

John M. Moring 
1881 22d A. H. Merritt 0. A. Hanner 

John Manning 
1883 22d Thomas B. Womack W. A. Lawrence 

D. H. Marsh 
1885 22d (See Alamance) J. A. Alston 

Thomas B. Womack 
1887 22d H. D. Mason J. A. Parham 

J. T. Paschall 
1889 22d (See Alamance) S. G. Wilson 

John M. Edwards 
1891 22d J. W. Atwater A. H. Perry 

J. M. Foust 
1893 19th J. W. Atwater Alfred Self 

A. W. Wicker 
1895 19th A. W. Wicker J. E. Bryan 

Alfred Self 
1897 19th J. W. Atwater J. E. Bryan 

Los L. Wrenn 
1899 19th J. A. Goodwin Los L. Wrenn 

J. A. Giles 
1901 19th Henry A. London Roland H. Hayes 

J. D. Mclver 
1903 22d Henry A. London. . !" Walter D. Siler 



554 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1905 22d (See Scotland and Rich- J. R. Rives 

mond) 

1907 22d J. R. Rives Henry M. London 

1909 22d (See Scotland and Rich- Roland H. Hayes 

mond) 

1911 22d Henry M. London Naomil J. Wilson 

1913 21st (See Richmond and Scot- Fred W. Bynum 

land) 

CHEROKEE. 

Cherokee county was formed in 1839 from Macon. Was named 
after an Indian tribe which still dwells in that section of the State. 
Murphy is the county seat. y 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year Distriet^' Senators Representatives 

1842 50th William H. Thomas George W. Hays 

1844 50th (See Haywood) George W. Hays 

1846 50th (See Haywood) George W. Hays 

1848 50th (See Haywood) George W. Hays 

1850 50th (See Haywood) George W. Hays 

1852 50th (See Haywood) Charles M. Stiles 

18.54 50th (See Jackson) John Roland 

1856 50th (See Jackson) Charles M. Stiles 

1858 50th (See Jackson) William C. Walker 

I860 50th (See Jackson) George W. Hays 

1862 50th (See Macon) James H. Bryson2i 

John W. Fentress3o 

1864 50th S. C. Bryson W. H. Herbert 

1865 50th (See Jackson) W. H. I. Dickey 

1866 50th (See Jackson) H. H. Davidson 

1868 43d (See Macon) J. R. Simonds 

1870 43d (See Macen) B. K. Dickey 

1872 42d (See Macon) B. K. Dickey 



Members of the General Assembly. 



555 



Senatoj'ial 

District-' Senators 

. . . . 42d ( See Jackson) . . 

42d (See Macon)... 

42d (See Macon) . .. 

42d B. K. Dickey. .. 

42d M. C. King 

42d J. W. Cooper. .. 

42d (See Macon) . . , 

. . . . 42d ( See Jackson) . 



,J. S. Bell. 



Year 

1874. 
1876. 
1879. 
1881. 
1883. 
1885. 
1887. 
1889. 

1891 42d.. 

1893 35th Benjamin Posey 

1895 35th (See Clay) 

1897 35th (See Macon) . . . 

1899 35th (See Graham ) . . 

1901 35th (See Graham) . . 

1903 39th (See Graham) . . 

1905 39th (See Graham) . . 

1907 39th A. H. Dickey. . . 

1909 39th (See Macon) . . . 

1911 39th (See Clay) 

1913 38th S. W. Lovingood 



Representatives 

.M. C. King 
.J. W. Cooper 
.R. B. Bruce 
. R. C. Washburn 
.R. B. Bruce 
.J. P. McGee 
.W. O. Patton 
.William R. Trull 
.J. M. Cobb 
.F. P. Axley 
.A. A. Campbell 
. D. W. Deweese 
.W. E. Manney 
.W. G. Payne 
.W. M. West 
.V/. M. West 
. S. W. Davidson 
.Thomas C. McDonald 
.John H. Dillard 
.A. L. Martin 



CHOWAN. 

Chowan county was formed in 1672 from Albemarle. Was named 
for an Indian tribe dwelling in the northeastern part of the State 
when the English first came to North Carolina. Edenton is the 
county seat. 

Members of the House of Commons from Edenton.36 



1777 John Greens 

1778 Joseph Hewes 

1779 Robert Smith 

1780 Robert Smith 

1781 Robert Smith 

1782 Hugh Williamson 

1783 William Gumming 



1784, Apr.William Gumming 
1784, Oct. Stephen Cabarrus 

1785 Stephen Cabarrus 

1786 Stephen Cabarrus 

1787 Stephen Cabarrus 

1788 William Gumming 

1789 John Hamilton 



556 



State Officials. 



1790 John Hamilton 

1791 John Hamilton 

1792 John Hamilton 

1793 Jacob Blount 

1794 Robert Hardy 

1795 Nathaniel Allen 

1796 Thomas Johnson 

1797 Thomas Johnson 

1798 James Granberry 

1799 John Blount 

1800 William Slade 

1801 Josiah Collins 

1802 Nathaniel Allen 

1803 Joseph B. Littlejohn 

1804 Thomas Johnson 

1805 William Slade 

1806 William Slade 

1807 Joseph B. Skinner 

1808 Wm. A. Littlejohn 

1809 John Beasley 

1810 Mathias E. Sawyer 

1811 Mathias E. Sawyer 

1812 Henry Flury 

1813 James Iredell 



1814 Joseph B. Skinner 

1815 Joseph B. Skinner 

1816 James Iredell 

1817 James Iredell 

1818 James Iredell 

1819 James Iredell 

1820 James Iredell 

1821 George Blair, Jr. 

1822 George Blair, Jr. 

1823 .Tames Iredell 

1824 James Iredell 

1825 James Iredell 

1826 James Iredell 

1827 James Iredellio 

James Bozman 

1828 James Bozman 

1829 Samuel T. Sawyer 

1830 Samuel T. Sawyer 

1831 Samuel T. Sawyer 

1832 Samuel T. Sawyer 

1833 Jonathan H. Haughton 

1834 Frederick Norcum 

1835 Hugh W. Collins 



Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Luke Sumner Thomas Benbury 

Jacob Hunter 
1778 Luke Sumner Jacob Hunter 

Thomas Benbury 
1779 Samuel Johnston William Boyd 

Thomas Benbury 
1780 Charles Johnson"' William Boyd 

Thomas Benbury 



Members of the General Assembly. 557 

Year Senators Representatives 

1781 Charles Johnson Michael Payne 

Edmund Blount 

Thomas Benbury 
1782 Joseph Blount Michael Payne 

Thomas Benbury 
1783 Charles Johnson Stephens Chambers 

Richard Benbury 
1784, Apr Samuel Johnstonis Thomas Benburyi^ 

Michael Payneis 
1784, Oct William Bontz Clement Hall 

Michael Payne 
1785 Michael Payne Hugh Williamson 

Clement Hall 
1786 Jacob Jordan Josiah Copeland 

Lemuel Creecy 
1787 Jacob Jordan Josiah Copeland 

Lemuel Creecy 
1788 Charles Johnson Stephen Cabarrus 

Lemuel Creecy 
1789 Charles Johnsoni^ Stephen Cabarrus 

Lemuel Creecy 
1790 Charles Johnson Stephen Cabarrus 

Lemuel Creecy 
1791 Charles Johnson Stephen Cabarrus 

Richard Benbury 
1792 Charles Johnson Stephen Cabarrus 

Lemuel Creecy 
1793 Lemuel Creecy Stephen Cabarrus 

James Robertsis 

Richard Benbury 
1794 ■ Lemuel Creecy Benjamin Coffield 

Richard Benbury 
1795 Lemuel Creecy Benjamin Coffield 

Richard Benbury 
1796 Lemuel Creecy Richard Benbury 

Benjamin Coffield 



i 



558 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1797 Lemuel Creecy Richard Benbury 

Benjamin CoflBeld 
1798 Lemuel Creecy Richard Benbury 

Shadrack Felton 

1799 Frederick Luten John Bennet 

1800 Richard Benbury Stephen Cabarrus 

Reuben Small 
1801 John Bond Stephen Cabarrus 

Reuben Small 
1802 John Bond Stephen Cabarrus 

Reuben Small 
1803 John Bond Stephen Cabarrus 

Samuel McGuire 
1804 John Bond Stephen Cabarrus 

Reuben Small 
1805 Thomas Brownrigg Stephen Cabarrus 

Benjamin CofReld 
1806 Thomas Brownrigg Samuel McGuire 

Baker Hoskins 
1807 Thomas Browniigg Frederick Norcom 

Baker Hoskins 
1808 Thomas Brownrigg Samuel McGuire 

Baker Hoskins 
1809 Frederick Norcom Samuel McGuire 

Miles Welch 
1810 Richard Hoskins Samuel McGuire 

Micajah Bunch 
1811 Richard Hoskins Thomas Coffield 

Samuel McGuire 

1812 Richard Hoskins Micajah Bunch 

Thomas Coffield 

1813 .Thomas Coffield John Goodwin 

Henry Skinner 

1814 Richard Hoskins John Goodwin 

Henry Skinner 



Members of the General Assembly. 559 

Year Senators Representatives 

1815 Richard iloskins William Saunders 

Henry Skinner 

1816 Henry Skinner Richard T. Brownrigg 

■ Jeremiah Mixon 
1817 Charles E. Johnson Jeremiah Mixon 

James Skinner 
1818 Richard T. Brownrigg. . . .Samuel McGuiro 

Samuel Gregory 
1819 Charles E. Johnson James Skinner 

Samuel Gregory 
1820 Charles E. Johnson James Skinner 

Samuel Gregory 
1821 Richard Hoskins James Skinner 

Samuel Gregory 
1822 Richard T. Brownrigg Henry Elliott 

James Skinner 
1823 William Bullock Joshua Mewborn 

James Skinneri"' 

William Walton 
1824 William Buliock , William Walton 

Joseph N. Hoskins 
1825 William Bullock William Walton 

Joshua Mewborn 
1826 William Bullock Josiah McKeil 

William Jackson 
1827 William Walton William Byrum 

William Jackson 
1828 William Walton Josiah McKeil 

William Byrum 
1829 William Walton William Byrum 

George Blair 
1830 William Walton William Jackson 

George Blair 
1831 Richard T. Brownrigg. . . .Josiah H. Skinner 

William Jackson 



560 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1832 William Bullock Josiah H. Skinner 

Baker P. Welch 
1833 Joseph B. Skinner Baker F. Welch 

Charles W. Nixon 
1834 Samuel T. Sawyer Baker F. Welch 

William Byrum 
1835 William Bullock William Byrum 

Thomas S. Hoskins 

Senatorial 
Year District^-' Senators Representatives 

1836 3d (See Gates).' Thomas S. Hoskins 

1838 3d Rufus K. Speed Robert T. Paine 

1840 3d Rufus K. Speed Robert T. Paine 

1842 3d (See Gates) William R. Skinner 

1844 3d (See Gates) Robert T. Paine 

1846 3d (See Gates) Robert T. Paine 

1848 3d Henry Willey Robert T. Paine 

1850 3d Henry Willey William E. Bond 

1852 3d Henry Willey Hugh W. Collins 

1854 3d Henry Willey John C. Badham 

1856 3d Richard Dillaro John C. Badham 

1858 3d Richard Dillard John C. Badham 

I860 3d (See Gates) Richard H. Small 

1862 3d (See Gates) Lemuel C. Benbury 

1864 3d (See Gates) Lemuel C. Benbury 

1865 3d (See Gates) W. H. Bonner 

1866 3d Henry Willey R- D. Simpson 

1868 1st (See Perquimans and William A. Moore 

Currituck) 

1870 1st Rufus K. Speed. John R. Pages^ 

James C. Skinner 
1872 1st (See Pasquotank and John L. Winslow 

Camden) 
1874 1st (See Currituck and Hert- Richard Elliott37 

ford) 
1876 1st Octavius Coke T. E. Ward 



Members of the General Assembly. 561 

Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1879 1st (See Perquimans and II. H. Hobbs 

Hertford) 

1881 1st (See Gates & Currituck) .T. F. Benbury 

1883 1st (See Gates & Currituck) .E. H. Sutton 

1885 1st W. M. Bond E. P. Waff 

1887 1st (See Hertford and Pas- Elihu Copeland 

quotank) 

1889 1st (See Hertford & Camden) Henry A. Bond, Jr. 

1891 1st (See Gates & Currituck) .Henry A. Bond, Jr. 

1893 1st (See Gates and Camden) .W. B. Shepard 

1895 1st (See Hertford and Per- W. H. Leary 

quimans) 
1897 1st (See Hertford and Per- Richard Elliott 

quimans) 
1899 1st (See Hertford and Per- W. Dorsey Welch ■ 

quimans) 

1901 1st C. S. Vann W. Dorsey Welch 

1903 1st C. S. Vann William T. Woodley, Jr. 

1905 1st C. S. Vann W. T. Perry 

1907 1st (See Gates and Pasquo- C. S. Vann 

tan) 

1909 1st (See Gates & Currituck) .W. Scott Privott 

1911 1st (See Hertford & Camden) W. Scott Privott 

1913 1st W. T. Woodley P. H. Bell 

CLAY. 

Clay county was formed in 1861 from Cherokee. Was named in 
honor of the great orator and statesman, Henry Clay. Hayesville 
is the county seat. Prior to 1868 Clay voted with Cherokee. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1868 43d (See Macon) John O. Hicks 

1870 43d (See Macon) J. S. Anderson 

1872 42d (See Macon) J. S. Anderson 

36 



562 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-^- Senators Reirresentatives 

1874 42d (See Jackson) John O. Hicks 

1876 42d (See Macon) W. H. McClure 

1879 42d (See Macon) J. S. Anderson 

1881 42d (See Cherokee) W. H. McClure 

1883 42d (See Cherokee) J. S. Anderson 

1885 42d (See Cherokee) T. C. Kitchen 

1887 42d (See Macon) W. H. McClure 

1889 42d (See Jackson) J. S. Bell 

1891 42d (See Cherokee) W. H. McClure 

1893 35th (See Cherokee) J. S. Anderson 

1895 35th R. L. Herbert J. A. Buchanan 

1897 35th (See Macon) William F. Plott 

1899 35th (See Graham) George M. Fleming 

1901 35th (See Graham) R. T. Coleman 

1903. ; . . .39th (See Graham) Owen L. Anderson 

1905 39th (See Graham) J. A. Buchanan 

1907 39th (See Cherokee) R. T. Coleman 

1909 39th (See Macon) Everette Crawford 

1911 39th O. L. Anderson Robert L. Herbert 

1913 38th (See Cherokee) L. H. McClure 

CLEVELAND. 

Cleveland county was formed in 1841 from Rutherford and Lin- 
coln. Was named in honor of Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, a noted 
partisan leader on the western Carolina frontier in the Revolution, 
and one of the "Heroes of King's Mountain." Shelby is the county 
seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1844 47th (See Rutherford ) James Y. Hamrick 

1846 47th (See Rutherford) Joshua -Beam 

1848 47th (See Rutherford) James Y. Hamrick 

1850 47th (See Rutherford ) G. G. Holland 

1852 47th (See Rutherford) A. W. Burton 



» 



Members of the Genekal Assembly. 563 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1854 48tli (See Rutherford) G. G. Holland 

W. W. Wright 
1856 48th (See Rutherford) William M. Blanton 

Frederick S. Ramsour 
1858 48th .. (See Rutherford) Abraham G. Waters 

G. Dickson 
1860 48th A. W. Burton Abraham G. Waters 

John R. Logan 
1862 48th (See Rutherford) David Beam 

John R. Logan 
1864 48th (See Rutherford) J. W. Gidney 

David Beam 
1865 48th (See Rutherford) J. W. Gidney 

John R. Logan 
1866 48th . (See Rutherford) George W. Whitfield 

Plato Durham 

1868 38th (See Rutherford ) Plato Durham 

1870 38th (See Rutherford) Lee M. McAfee 

1872 38th W. J. T. Miller John W. Gidney 

1874 38th Jesse Jenkins. Allen Bettis 

1876 38th (See Gaston) Reuben McBrayer 

1879 38th L. J. Hoyle L. E. Powers 

1881 38th (See Gaston) J. Y. Hamrick 

1883 38th J. L. Webb L. E. Powers 

1885 38th (See Gaston) Thomas Dixon 

1887 38th J. L. Webb H. F. Schenck 

1889 38th (See Gaston) W..C. Hamrick 

1891 38th L. N. Durham E. D. Dickson 

1893 32d (See Gaston and Ruth- Sylvanus Erwin 

erford) 

1895 32d J. B. Fortune L. L. Smith 

J. Y. Hamrick 

1897 32d J. A. Anthony Benjamin F. Dixon 

1899 32d (See Rutherford and Gas- Clyde R. Hoey 

ton) 
1901 32d E. Y. Webb Clyde R. Hoey 



564 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1903 33d Clyde R. Hoey William A. Goode 

1905 33d (See Henderson and R. L. Ryburn 

Rutherford) 

1907 33d W. A. Manney O. M. Mull 

1909 33d (See Henderson and Drury S. Lovelace 

Rutherford) 

1911 33d O. Max Gardner Charles J. Woodson 

1913 32d (See Henderson and R.B.Miller 

Rutherford) 

COLUMBUS. 

Columbus county was formed in 1808 from Bladen and Brunswick. 
Was named in honor of the Discoverer of the New World. White- 
ville is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1809 James B. White Wynn Nance 

Thomas Frink 
1810 James B. White Thomas Frink 

Wynn Nance 
1811 Wynn Nance Jonathan Pierce 

Thomas Frink 
1812 Wynn Nance Thomas Frink 

Jonathan Pierce 
1813 Wynn Nance Goldborough Flowers 

Jacob Guiton 
1814 Thomas Frink Absalom Powell 

Philip Coleman 
1815 Thomas Frink John Gore 

David Guyton 
1816 Thomas Frink Caleb Stephens 

John Guyton 
1817 Thomas Frink Caleb Stephens 

Jacob Guyton 



Members of the General Assembly. 565 

Year Senators Representatives 

1818 Jonathan Pierce Caleb Stephens 

Jacob Guyton 
1819 Thomas Frink J. H. White 

R. Wooten 
1820 Jacob Guyton Luke R. Simmons 

Isham Williamsonis 

John A. White 
1821 Thomas Frink L. R. Simmons 

Levi Stepliens 
1822 Alexander Troy Caleb Stephens 

Richard Wooten 
1823 Thomas Frink J. H. White 

Caleb Stephens 
1824 Thomas Frink Richard Wooten 

Luke R. Simmons 
1825 Alexander Formyduval. . .Luke R. Simmcns 

Caleb Stephens 
1826 James Burney Caleb Stephens 

Luke R. Simmons 
1827 James Burney Caleb Stephens 

Luke R. Simmcns 
1828 James Burney Caleb Stephens 

Luke R. Simmcns 
1829 James Burney Luke R. Simmcns 

Richard Wooten 
1830 Luke R. Simmons Marmaduke Powell 

Caleb Stephens 
1831 Luke R. Simmons Caleb Stephens 

Marmaduke Powell 
1832 Luke R. Simmons Joseph Maultsby 

Caleb Stephens 
1833 Luke R. Simmons Caleb Stephens 

Marmaduke Powell 
1834 Caleb Stephens Marmaduke Powell 

Thomas Frink 
1835 Caleb Stephens Thomas Frink 

Marmaduke Powell 



% 



566 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1836 30tli James Burney Joseph Maultsby 

1838 30th (See Bladen) Augustus Smith 

1840 30th (See Bladen) Absalom Powell 

1842 30th (See Bladen) Xathan L. Williamson 

1844 19th (See Bladen) Xathan L. Williamson 

1846 19th Richard Wooten Xathan L. Williamson 

1848 19th Richard Wooten Nathan L. Williamson 

1850 19th Richard Wooten John A. Maultsby 

1852 19th (See Bladen) Forney George 

1854 19th (See Bladen) A. J. Jones 

1856 19th (See Brunswick) P. Williamson 

1858 19th (See Bladen) John H. Stephens 

1860 19th (See Brunswick) Nathan L. Williamson 

1862 19th John W. Ellis William M. Baidwin^i 

1864 19th John W. Ellis Forney George 

1865 19th A. J. Jones T. M. Smith 

1866 19th (See Brunswick) I. M. McGougan 

1868 14th (See Bladen) Daniel P. High 

1870 14th (See Bladen) C. C. Gore 

1872 15th John W. Ellis V. V. Richardson 

1874 15th (See Robeson) V. V. Richardson 

1876 15th H. B. Short V. V. Richardson 

1879 15th (See Robeson) V. V. Richardson 

1881 15th V. V. Richardson Thomas P. Toon 

1883 15th Thomas P. Toon H. D. Williamson 

1885 15th D. S. Cowan H. D. Williamson 

1887 15th H. D. Williamson A. C. Meares 

1889 15th Melton Campbell John J. Long 

1891 15th N. M. Culbreth John J. Long 

1893 15th Joseph A. Brown J. B. Schulken 

1895 15th J. J. Long H. M. Harrelson 

1897 15th J. G. Maultsby J. B. Schulken 

1899 15th Joseph A. Brown D. C. Allen 

1901 15th Joseph A. Brown D. C. Allen 

1903 12th Joseph A. Brown James M. Shipman 

1905 12th (See Bladen) James M. Shipman 



Membeks of the General Assembly. 



567 



Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1907 12th Jackson Greer Donald McRacken 

1909 12th (See Bladen) John G. Butler 

1911 12th Joseph A. Brown James M. Shipman 

1913 11th (See Bladen) J. R. Williamson 



CRAVEN. 

Craven county was formed about 1712 from Bath. Was named in 
honor of William, Lord Craven, one of the Lords Proprietors of 
Carolina. New Bern is the county seat. 

Members or the House of Commons from New Bern.36 

1798 John Stanly 

1799 John Stanly 

1800 George Ellis 

1801 George Ellis 

1802 Edward Harris 

1803 Edward Harris 

1804 Frederick Nash 

1805 Frederick Nash 

1806 Francis X. Martin 

1807 William Gaston 

1808 William Gaston 

1809 William Gaston 

1810 Daniel Carthy 

1811 Daniel Carthy 

1812 John Stanly 

1813 John Stanly 

1814 John Stanly 

1815 John Stanly 

1816 George E. Badger 

1818 John Stanly 

1819 John Stanly 

1820 Edward E. Graham 

1821 Francis L. Hawks 

1822 E. E. Graham 

1823 John Stanly 



1777. 


.... Abner Nashs 


1778. 


. . . .Richard Cogdell 


1779. 


Richard Cogdell^ 




Richard Dobbs Spaighti 


1780. 


. . . .James Green, Jr.2 




William Blounts 


1781. 


. . . .Richard D. Spaight 


1782. 


Richard D. Spaight 


1783. 


. . . .Richard D. Spaight 


1784, 


Apr. John Sitgreaves 


1784, 


Oct.Spyers Singleton 


1785. 


William Tisdale 


1786. 


. . . .John Sitgreaves 


1787. 


. . . .John Sitgreaves 


1788. 


.... John Sitgreaves 


1789. 


.... Isaac Guion 


1790. 


.... Isaac Guion 


1791. 


. . . .James Coor 


1792. 


Richard D. Spaighti^ 




John F. Smith 


1793. 


. . . .Isaac Guion 


1794. 


Daniel Carthy 


1795. 


.... Isaac Guion 


1796. 


.... Thomas Badger 


1797. 


.... Edward Graham 



568 



State Officials. 



1824 John Stanly 

1825 John Stanly 

1826 John Stanly 

1827 William Gaston 

1828 William Gaston 

1829 William Gaston 

1830 Charles G. Spaight 



1831 Charles G. Spaighti^ 

William Gaston 

1832 Charles B. Shepard 

1833 Charles B. Shepard 

1834 Matthias E. Manly 

1835 Matthias E. Manly 



Members of the General Assembly. 



Year Senators Representatives 

mi James Coor John Tillman 

Nathan Bryan 
1778 James Coor Nathan Bryan 

John Tillman- 

Abner Nashi 
1779 James Coori Hardy Bryan* 

Benjamin Williamss 
1780 James Coor William Bryan 

William Blount 
1781 James Coor William Bryan 

John Tillman 
1782 James Coor William Bryan 

John Tillman 
1783 James Coor William Blount 

William Bryan 
1784, Apr James Cooris William Blount 

William Bryan 
1784, Oct James Coor William Blount 

William Bryan 
1785 James Coor Richard D. Speight 

Abner Neale 
1787 James Coor Richard Nixon 

Richard D. Speight 
1788 Benjamin Williams Richard Nixon 

John Allen 



Memueks of the General Assembly. 569 

Year Senators Representatives 

1789 Richard Nixon 

John Allen 
1790 John Bryan Levi Davison 

John Allen 
1791 John Carney Levi Dawson 

John Allen 
1792 John Carney John Tillman 

John Allen 
1793 John Carney John Tillman 

John Allen 

1794 John C. Bryan John Tillman 

1795 William McClure John S. West 

John Tillman 
1796 William McClure John S. West 

William Bryan 
1797 William McClure Henry Tillman 

William Blackledge 
1798 Lewis Bryan Philip Neale 

William Blackledge 
1799 Lewis Bryan Philip Neale 

William Blackledge 
1800 William Gaston James Gatling 

John S. Nelson 
1801 Richard D. Spaight, Sr. . .Lewis Fonville 

Henry Tillman 

1802 Richard D. Spaight, Sr.i5. Lewis Fonville 

William Blackledgeso William Bryan 

1803 Stephen Harris Lewis Fonville 

William Bryan 
1804 William Bryan John S. Richardson 

Lewis Fonville 
1805 William Bryan John S. Nelson 

Charles Hatch 
1806 William Bryan Lewis Fonville 

John S. Nelson 
1807 William Bryan Edward Harris 



570 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1808 Henry Tillman Stephen Harris 

John S. Nelson 
1809 William Bryan William Blackledge 

John S. Nelson 
1810 John S. West Vine Allen 

John S. Nelson 
1811 Vine Allen 

John S. Nelson 
1812 William Gaston Henry Tillman 

Frederick Isler Cox 
1813 Vine Allen Frederick Isler Cox 

Benners Vail 

1814 Wright C. Stanly Henry Carroway 

1815 Reuben P. Jones Joseph Nelson 

1816 John S. Smith John S. Nelson 

Thomas O'Bryan 
1817 John S. Smith John S. Nelson 

Thomas O'Bryan 
1818 William Gaston Abner Neale 

Vine Allen 
1819 William Gaston Richard D. Spaight 

Abner Neale 
1820 Richard Dobbs Spaight. . .Amos Rowe 

William S. Blackledge 
1821 Richard Dobbs Spaight. . .John M. Bryan 

John Stanly 
1822 Richard Dobbs Spaight. . .John M. Bryan 

James C. Cole 
1823 John H. Bryan John M. Bryan 

Samuel Whitehurst 
1824 John H. Bryan Samuel Whitehurst 

John M. Bryan 

1825 John H. Bryan^i Samuel Whitehurst 

Richard Dobbs Spaight. . .Andrew H. Richardson 
1826 Richard Dobbs Spaight. . .Andrew H. Richardson 

Samuel Whitehurst 



Meiibers of tue General Assembly. 



571 



Year 

1827. 



Setiators 
.Richard Dobbs Spaight. 



1828 Richard Dobbs Spaight. 



1829 Richard Dobbs Spaight. . 



1830 Richard Dobbs Spaight. 



1831 Richard Dobbs Spaight. 



1832 Richard Dobbs Spaight. . 



1833 Richard Dobbs Spaight. . 



1834 Richard Dobbs Spaight. . 



1835. 



.Richard Dobbs Spaightio 
Thomas J. Pasteur 



Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators 

1836 21st John M. Bryan. 



1838. 



.21st Samuel J. Biddle. 



1840. 



.21st Thomas J. Pasteur. 



1842. 



.21st Thomas J. Pasteur. 



1844 13th Thomas J. Pasteur 



1846. 



.13th Nathan H. Street. 



1848 13th William H. Washington. 



1850. 



,13th William H. Washington 



Representatives 

Charles J. Nelson 
Lucas Benners 
Charles J. Nelson 
Eliakim Patrick 
Nathaniel Smith 
John M. Bryan 
John M. Bryan 
Alexander' P. Gaston 
. Abner Hartley 
William M. Nelson 
.Abner Hartley 
Willie M. Nelson 
.John B. Dawson 
Frederick P. Latham 
.Abner Hartley 
Frederick P. Latham 
.John M. Bryan 
.Abner Neale 

Representatives 

.Abner Hartley 

Abner Neale 
. Samuel Hyman 

William B. Wadsworth 
. Samuel Hyman 

William B. Wadsworth 
.Oliver S. Dewey 

Nathan H. Street 

• William H. Washington 
Francis J. Prentiss 

• William H. Washington 
Henry T. Guion 

• William B. Wadsworth 
George S. Stevenson 

. George S. Stevenson 
Alonzo T. Jerkins 



572 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1852 13th William H. Washington. .Richard A. Russell 

C. B. Wood 
1854 13th C. B. Wood Samuel W. Chadwick 

George Green 
1856 13th James Miller Charles Kelly 

Henry Clay Jones 
1858 13th J. D. Planner John H. Bryan 

Henry Clay Jones 
1860 13th Nathan H. Street Charles C. Clark 

Frederick E. Alfred 
1862 13th William B. Wadsworth. . . J. B. J. Barrowis 

Richard A. Russell 

Thomas H. Gaskinssi 
1864 13th Nathaniel Whitfield Thomas H. Ga&kins 

William Lane 
1865 13th John D. Whitford Matthias E. Manly 

Samuel W. Chadwick 
1866 13th Matthias E. Manly Samuel W. Chadwick 

A. C. Latham 
1868 10th W. H. S. Sweet Augustus S. Seymour 

A. W. Stevens37 

B. W. Morris37 
1870 10th L. J. Moore R. Tuckers? 

R. F. Lehman E. R. Dudleys? 

G. B. Willis37 
1872 10th Augustus S. Seymour E. R. Dudleys? 

L B. AbbcttsT 
1874 8th Richard Tuckers? John^R. Goods? 

Fdward H. Hills? 
1876 8th George Green H. H. Simmons 

William E. Clarke 
1879 8th Edward Bull William E. Clarke 

Willis D. Pettiphers? 
1881 8th William E. Clarke George Green, .Ir. 

J. [George] H. Whites 
1883 8th William E. Clarke W. H. Johnson 



Members of the General Assembly. 573 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators • Representatives 

1885 8th George H. White"' John E. Husseysr 

1887 8th Charles C. Clarke John E. Hussey37 

George Green, Jr 

1889 8th George Green, Jr John E. Hussey37 

1891 8th E. W. Bull John Chapman 

1893 8th (See Lenoir & Carteret) '. .R. P. Williams 

1895 8th (See Onslow and Lenoir) .R. P. Williams 

1897 8th W. T. McCarthy 

G. L. Hardison Robert Hancock 

1899 8th James A. Bryan Isaac H. Smiths^ 

1901 8th (See Greene and Jones) . .W. B. Pearce 

1903 8th (See Jones and Lenoir) . .Owen H. Guion 

1905 8th David L. Ward Owen H. Guion 

1907 8th (See Lenoir and Onslow) W. C. Brewer 

1909 8th (See Lenoir and Onslow) Ernest M. Green 

1911 8th Ernest M. Green Romulus A. Nunn 

1913 7th A. D. Ward Gilbert A. Whitford 

CUMBERLAND. 

Cumberland county was formed in 1754 from Bladen. Was named 
in honor of William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, second son of 
King George IL Cumberland was the commander of the English 
army at the battle of Culloden, in which the Scotch Highlanders 
were so badly defeated. Many of them came to America, and their 
principal settlement was at Cross Creek in Cumberland county. 
Fayetteville is the county seat. 

Members of House of Commons from Fayetteville.sg 

1790 . "... . John Hay 1798 Thomas Davis 

1791 James Porterfield 1799 John Hay 

1792 John L. Taylor 1800 Thomas Davis 

1793 John Hay 1801 William Watts Jones 

1794 John L. Taylor 1802 Robert Cochran 

1795 John L. Taylor 1803 Thomas Davis 

1796 Robert Cochran 1804 Robert Cochran 

1797 James Dick 1805 John Hay 



574 



State Officials. 



1806 William Duffy 

1807 Samuel Goodwin 

1808 Samuel Goodwin 

1809 Thomas Davis 

1810 John A. Cameron 

1811 John A. Cameron 

1812 John A. Cameron 

1813 Larkin Newley 

1814 Thomas Davis 

1815 John Winslow 

1816 John Winslow 

1817 John Winslow 

1818 John Winslow 

1819 John Winslow 

1820 John A. Cameron 

1821 Robert Strange 



1822 Robert Strange 

1823 Robert Strange 

1824 John Matthews 

1825 John Matthews 

1826 Robert Strange-i 

John D. Toomer 

1827 John D. Eccles 

1828 John D. iiiccles 

1829 John D. Eccles 

1830 Louis D. Henry 

1831 Louis D. Henry 

1832 Louis D. Henry 

1833 James Seawell 

1834 James Seawell 

1835 Thomas L. Hybart 



Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 William Rand-; 

Philip Alstoni 
1778 -; Ebenezer Folsome Robert Rowan 

Peter Mallett 
1779 Robert Cochrans 

Robert Rowan? 
1780 Robert Cochran 

Edward Winslow 
1781 David Smith 

Thomas Armstrong 
1782 James Atkins Edward Winslow . 

Thomas Armstrong 
1783 lea Adkins Patrick Travis 

Edward Winslow 
1784, Apr David Smithis James Emmetfi^ 

Edward Winslow 
1784, Oct (See Fayette County) 



Members of the Gexekai, Assembly. 575 

Year Senators Representatives 

1785 Thomas Armstrong Robert Rowan 

David Smith 
1786 Thomas Armstrong John Hay 

Edward Winslow 
1787 Alexander McAllister William B. Grove 

James Thackston 
1788 Alexander McAllister John McKay 

William B. Grove 
1789 Alexander McAllisteri^. . .John McKay 

William B. Grove 
1790 Alexander McAllister John McKay 

William B. Grove 
1791 Farquhar[d] Campbell. . .John McKay 

Joseph Theam[e]s 
1792 Farquhar[d] Campbell. . .Joseph Theam[e]s 

Neill Smith 
1793 Parquhar[d] Campbell. . .Joseph Theames 

Hector McAllister 
1794 John McNeill Hector McAllister 

Neill Smith 
1795 John McNeill Hector McAllister 

Philemon Hodges 
1796 John McNeill Neill Smith 

Samuel Northington 
1797 Hector McAllister Daniel McLean 

Neill Smith 
1798 Daniel McLean Neill Smith 

Samuel D. Purviance 
1799 Daniel McLean Samuel Northington 

Samuel D. Purviance 
1800 Hector McAllister John Dickson 

William Lord 
1801 Samuel D. Purviance John Dickson 

William Lord 
1802 William Lord John Dickson 

Daniel Smith 



576 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1803 John DicksonT Daniel Smith 

Hector McAllister Samuel Northington 

1804 Hector McAllister Archibald McNeill 

1805 John McKay Stephen Gilmore 

John Theames 
1806 John McKay Colin Shaw 

John Theames 
1807 John McKay John Theames 

Colin Shaw 
1808 John Dickson James Campbell 

Donald McQueenis 

Colin Shaw 
1809 William Lord John Ray 

James Campbell 
1810 Colin Shaw Israel Folsome 

Thomas Gilmore 
1811 John Dickson Thomas Gilmore 

Farquard McKay 
1812 John Smith Robert Campbell 

Richard Huckabee 
1813 John Smith Richard Huckabee 

Robert Campbell 
1814 John Smith Richard Huckabee 

Mark Christian 
1815 John Dickson Richard Huckabee 

Neill McNeill 
1816 Richard Huckabee Neill McNeill 

John C. Williams 
1817 Lauchlan Bethune John C. Williams 

Neill McNeill 
1818 Lauchlan Bethune Jonathan Evans 

Neill McNeill 
1819 Richard Huckabee Jonathan Evans 

Neill McNeill 
1820 John Black Neill McNeill 

Alexander McAllister 



Members of the General Assembly. 577 

Year Senators Representatives 

1821 Richard Huckabee Neill McNeill 

Louis D. Henry 
1822 Lauchlan Bethune Neill McNeill 

Louis D. Henry 
1823 Lauchlan Bethune Neill McNeill 

Samuel P. Ashe 
1824 Lauchlan Bethune Samuel P. Ashe 

Alexander Elliott 
1825 Lauchlan Bethune Alexander Elliott 

Samuel P. Ashe 
1826 Alexander Elliott Joseph Hodges 

Archibald McDearmid 
1827 Lauchlan Bethune. Joseph Hodges 

A. McDearmid 
1828 Archibald McDearmid Alexander McNeill 

Joseph Hodges 
1829 Archibald McDearmid .... Alexander McNeill 

Alexander Buie 
1830 William Murchison Alexander McNeill 

Alexander Buie 
1831 John D. Toomer David McNeill 

John Barclay 
1832 John D. Toomer David McNeill 

John D. Eccles 
1833 Duncan McCormick David McNeill 

Dillon Jordan 
1834 Duncan McCormick Dillon Jordan, Jr. 

David McNeill 
1835 Duncan McCormick Dillon Jordan, Jr. 

David McNeill 

Senatorial 
Year District^'^ Senators Representatives 

1836 25th Duncan McCormick Stephen Hollingsworth 

Dillon Jordan 

1838 25th Archibald McDearmid Stephen Hollingsworth 

David Reid, Jr. 

37 



578 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1840 25th Archibald McDearmid David Reid 

John Munroe 
1842 25th David Reid John Munroe 

Duncan K. McRae 
1844 20th Thomas N. Cameron Duncan Shaw 

Benjamin F. Atkins 
1846 20th Thomas N. Cameron George W. Pegram 

Duncan Shaw 
1848 20th Alexander Murchison James C. Dobbin 

George W. Pegram 
1850 20th Thomas N. Cameron James C. Dobbin 

George W. Pegram 
1852 20th Alexander Murchison James C. Dobbin 

George W. Pegram 
1854 20th Warren H. Winslow Jesse G. Shepherd 

Malcolm J. McDuffie 

C. H. Coffield 
1856 20th D. McDearmid Jesse G. Shepherd 

Eldridge Stewart 

John L. Bethea 
1858 20th J. T. Gilmore William McL. McKay 

Christopher C. Barbee 

James S. Harrington 
1860 20th Duncan Shaw Clement G. Wright 

James S. Harrington 

John C. Williams 
1862 20th W. B. Wright Jesse G. Shepherd 

John McCormick 

Neill McKay 
1864 20th W. B. Wright Jesse G. Shepherd 

A. D. McLean 

John McCormick 
1865 20th (See Harnett) A. R. Smith 

Duncan Shaw 
18C6 20th (See Harnett) William McL. McKay 

T. S. Lutterloh 



Members of the General Assembly. 579 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1868 16th L. D. Hall John S. Learysr 

Isham Sweats T 
1870 16th W. C. Troy C. W. Broadfoot 

G. H. Currie 
1872 16th W. C. Troy G. W. Bullard 

T. S. Lutterloh 
1874 16th (See Harnett) . .' S. McD. Jessup . 

James C. McRae 
1876 16th W. C. Troy J. W. Godwin 

George M. Rose 
1879 16th (See Harnett) J. C. Blocker 

T. S. Lutterloh 
1881 16th J. Blue George M. Rose 

J. T. Townsend 
1883 16th (See Harnett) E. P. Powers 

George M. Rose 
1885 16th W. C. Troy I. A. Murchison 

C. C. McClelland 
1887 16th (See Harnett) . . ; John G. Shaw 

Thomas H. Sutton 
1889 16th W. L. Williams Thomas H. Sutton 

Archibald D. McGill 
1891 16th (See Harnett) Thomas H. Sutton 

Archibald D. McGill 
1893 16th John W. McLauchlin Henry L. Cook 

Alexander Thagard 
1895 16th Warren Carver J. C. Currie 

Z. Taylor 
1897 16th J. McP. Geddie Thomas H. Sutton 

William P. Wemyss 
1899 16th W. L. Williams D. J. Ray 

H. McD. Robinson 
1901 16th James D. McNeill F. R. Hall 

E. R. MacKethan 
1903 14th James M. Lamb Van C. Bullard 

John W. Moore 



580 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
-Year District-'' Senators - Representatives 

1905 14th N. A. Sinclair Archibald D. McGill 

N. C. Thaggard 
1907 14th John W. McLauchlin J. W. McNeill 

H. H. Bolton 
1909 14th Q. K. Nimocks J. H. Cuirie 

John Underwood 
1911 14th John W. McLauchlin Archibald D. McGill 

Charles G. Rose 
1913 13th Q. K. Nimocks John T. Martin 

CURRITUCK. 

Currituck county was formed in 1672 from Albemarle. Was named 
after an Indian tribe. Currituck Courthouse is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Samuel Jarvis James White 

James Ryan 
1778 Solomon Perkins William Ferebee 

Howell Williams 
1779 Thomas Younghusband 

John Humphriesi 
1780 Samuel Jarviss James Phillips 

John Humphries 
1781 Samuel Jarvis^ James Phillips 

John Humphries 
1782 William Ferebee Thomas Jarvis 

Joseph Ferebee 
1783 James Phillips 

Joseph Ferebee 
1784, Apr James Phillipsis Joseph Ferebeei2 

John Humphries 
1784, Oct James Phillips James White 

Joseph Ferebee 
1785 Willis Etheridge Joseph Ferebee 

James White 



1 



Members of the General Assembly. 581 

Year Senators Representatives 

1786 Joseph Ferebee 

John Humphries 
1787 Howell Williams Joseph Ferebee 

John Humphries 
1788 John Humphries Thomas P. Williams 

Griffith Dauge 
1789 Thomas P. Williams 

Andrew Duke 
1790 ' John Humphries Joseph Ferebee 

Andrew Duke 
1791 John Humphries r. . .Spence Hall 

Joseph Ferebee 
1792 John Humphries Spence Hall 

Alexander L. Whitehall 
1793 Spence Hall Alexander L. Whitehall 

Andrew Duke 
1794 Joseph Ferebee Andrew Duke 

Samuel Ferebee 
1795 Joseph Ferebee Thomas Williams 

Jesse Simmons , 
1796 Joseph Ferebee Thomas Williams 

Jesse Simmons 
1797 James Phillips Thomas Marchant 

Malachi Jones 
1798 Samuel Salyear Malachi Jones 

Thomas Williams 
1799 Samuel Salyear Malachi Jones 

Thomas Williams 
1800 Samuel Salyear Thomas Williams 

Thomas C. Ferebee 
1801 Jonathan Lindsay Thomas Garrett 

Thomas C Ferebee 
1802 Jonathan Lindsay Thomas C. Ferebee 

Thomas Garrett 
1803 Thomas Poyner Jacob Perkins 

Thomas Sanderson 



582 



State Officials. 



Yeai' Senators Representatives 

1804 Samuel Ferebee Aaron Bright 

Willis Simmons 

1805 Samuel Ferebee Willoughby Dauge 

Willis Simmons 

1806 Samuel Ferebee Willoughby Dauge 

Daniel Lindsay 

1807 Thomas Williams Willis Simmons 

Jonathan Lindsay 
. . .Willis Simmons 

Willoughby Dauge-- 
. . .Brickhouse Bell 

Jesse Barnard 
. . .Jesse Barnard 

Brickhouse Bell 
.. .Brickhouse Bell 
Thomas Garrett 
...Brickhouse Bell 
Thomas Garrett 
. . .Simeon Sawyer 
Willis Simmons 
. . .Brickhouse Bell 
Samuel Salyear 
. . .Brickhouse Bell 
John T. Hampton 

1816 Thomas Williams Brickhouse Bell 

John T. Hampton 

1817 Spence Hall John T. Hampton 

Caleb Etheridge 

1818 Spence Hall John T. Hampton 

Caleb Etheridge 

1819 Edmund S. Lindsay John T. Hampton 

Enoch Ball 

1820 .. ■ Edmund S. Lindsay Enoch Ball 

John T. Hampton 

1821 Edmund S. Lindsay John Forbes 

John Shipp 



1808 Thomas Williams. . 

1809 Jonathan Lindsay . . 

1810 Thomas Williams . . 

1811 Jonathan Lindsay. . 

1812 Jonathan Lindsay. . 

1813 Thomas Sanderson. 

1814. Thomas Sanderson. 

1815 Thomas Williams. . 



I 
I 



I 



Members of the General Assembly. 583 

Year Senators Representatives ■ 

1822 Edmund S. Lindsay Cartwright Beil 

Jesse Barnard 
1823 Thomas C. Ferebee W. D. Barnard 

John Forbes 
1824 Samuel Salyear Enoch Ball 

Willoughby D. Barnard 
1825 Samuel Salyear Willoughby D. Barnard 

Enoch Ball 
1826 Samuel Salyear Willoughby D. Barnard 

Enoch Ball 
1827 Samuel Salyear Willoughby D. Barnard 

Enoch Ball 
1828 Samuel Salyear Enoch Bail 

Benjamin T. Simmons 
1829 Caleb Etheridge Willoughby D. Barnard 

Benjamin T. Simmons 
1830 Jonathan J. Lindsay Willoughby D. Barnard 

Benjamin T. Simmons 
1831 Jonathan J. Lindsay John B. Jones 

Benjamin T. Simmons 
1832 Jonathan J. Lindsay John B. Jones 

Benjamin T. Simmons 
1833 Daniel Lindsay John B. Jones 

James M. Sanderson 
1834 Daniel Lindsay, Jr Joshua Harrison 

Wallace Bray 
1835 Daniel Lindsay Joshua Harrison 

Alfred Perkins 

Senatorial 
Tear District^' Senators Representatives 

1836 2d Daniel Lindsay Alfred Perkins 

1838 2d Caleb Etheridge Alfred Perkins 

1840 2d Caleb Etheridge John B. Jones 

1842 2d Caleb Etheridge John B. Jones 

1844 2d Caleb Etheridge John B. Jones 

1846 2d John Barnard Thomas Griggs 



584 State Officials. 

8enato7Hal 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1848 2d John Barnard Thomas Griggs 

1850 2d John Barnard Samuel B. Jarvis 

1852 2d H. M. Shaw Samuel B. Jarvis 

1854 2d John B. Jones Samuel B. Jarvis 

1856 2d John B. Jones Samuel B. Jarvis 

1858 2d (See Camden) Burwell M. Baxter 

1860 2d Benjamin T. Simmons. . .Burwell M. Baxter 

1862 2d (See Camden) 

1864 2d (See Camden) Joseph J. Baxter 

1865 2d (See Camden) Joseph J. Baxter 

1866 2d (See Camden) W. G. Granberry 

1868 1st Joseph W. Etheridge Thomas C. Humphries 

1870 1st (See Chowan) J. M. Woodhouse 

1872 1st (See Pasquotank and J. M. Woodhouse 

Camden) 

1874 1st W. B. Shaw J. M. Woodhouse 

1876 1st W. C. Mercer H. E. Baxter 

1879 1st (See Perquimans and J. M. Woodhouse 

Hertford) 

1881 1st J. M. Woodhouse W. H. Cowell 

•1883 1st J. M. Woodhouse W. H. Cowell 

1885 1st (See Gates and Chowan) .W. H. Cowell 

1887 1st (See Hertford and Pas- Pierce Hampton 

quotank) 

1889 1st ( See Hertford & Camden) Pierce Hampton 

1891 1st P. H. Morgan John J. Morse 

1893 1st (See Gates and Camden) .A. O. Day 

1895 1st (See Hertford and Per- W. C. Gallop 

quimans) 
1897 1st (See Hertford and Per- Willis H. Gallop 

quimans) 
1899 1st (See Hertford and Per- Samuel H. [M.] Beasley 

quimans) 

1901 1st W. H. Bray Samuel M. Beasley 

1903 1st (See Pasquotank and Samuel M. Beasley 

Chowan) 



Members of the General Assembly. 585 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1905 1st Samuel M. Beasley W. L. Owens 

1907 1st (See Gates and Pasquo- Pierce Hampton 

tank) 

1909 1st E. R. Johnson Pierce Hampton 

1911 1st (See Hertford & Camden) Pierce Hampton 

1913 1st (See Hertford & Chowan ) S. J. Payne 

DARE. 

Dare county was former in 1870 from Currituck, Tyrrell, and 
Hyde. Was named in honor of Virginia Dare, the first English 
child born in America. Manteo is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1872 2d (See Beaufort) O. N. Gray 

1874 2d (See Hyde & Washington) John B. Etheridge 

1876 2d (See Tyrrell and Wash- George L. Fulcher 

ington) 

1879 2d (See Beaufort & Martin) .George L. Fulcher 

1881 2d (See Washington and Joshua Simpson 

Beaufort) 

1883 2d (See Martin & Pamlico ) . E. H. Riggs 

1885 2d (See Martin and Hyde) . .E. H. Riggs 

1887 2d (See Tyrrell & Beaufort) A. V. Evans 

1889 2d (See Hyde and Martin) ..S. M. S. Rolinson 

1891 2d ( See Hyde & Washington) P. C. Daniels 

1893 2d (See Beaufort and Wash- I. B. Midgett 

ington) 

1895 2d (See Hyde and Martin) . .John B. Etheridge 

1897 2d (See Washington and George C. Daniels 

Martin) 
1899 2d (See Washington and Charles T. Williams 

Pamlico) 
1901 2d (See Washington and Charles T. Williams 

Pamlico) 



>86 



State Officials. 



Senatorial 
Year District-'' 

1903 2d 



1905. 
1907. 
1909. 
1911. 
1913. 



..2d. 
..2d. 
..2d. 
..2d, 
..2d. 



Senators Representatives 

. (See Hyde and Tyrrell) . .R. Bruce Etheridge 
. (See Martin & Beaufort) .R. Bruce Etheridge 

.R. Bruce Etheridge 

. (See Martin & Beaufort) 
. (See Martin and Hyde) . 
. (See Beaufort & Martin) 



C. R. Pugh 
Charles T. Williams 
Charles H. Scarborough 
A. H. Etheridge 



DAVIDSON (now in Tennessee). 
Members of the General Assembly. 
Year Senators Representatives 

1784, Apr (See Note 13) Elijah Robertsonia 

Ephraim McLean 

1784, Oct 

1785 Anthony Bledsoe William Polk 

Elijah Robertson 
1786 Anthony Bledsoe James Robertson 

William Polk 
1787 James Robertson Robert Ewing 

Robert Hayes 
1788 James Robertson Elijah Robertson 

Thomas Hardiman 
1789 Robert Ewing 

Joel Rice 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 587 

DAVIDSON. 

Davidson county was formed in 1822 from Rowan. Was named in 
honor of General William Lee Davidson, a soldier of the Revolution, 
who was killed at the battle of Cowan's Ford. When Genei'al Greene 
retreated across North Carolina before Cornwallis in 1781, he sta- 
tioned some troops under General Davidson at Cowan's Ford over 
the Catawba River to delay the British army. The British attacked 
the Americans, killed General Davidson, and forced the passage. 
The United States has erected a monument in his honor on Guilford 
Battleground. Lexington is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1823 Alexander R. Cladcleugh. Jesse Hargrave 

William Bodenhamer 
1824 Jesse Hargrave William Bodenhamer 

John demons 
1825 Jesse Hargrave John M. Smith 

Joseph Spurgeon 
1826 John M. Smith Thomas Hampton 

John Ward 
1827 John M. Smith Thomas Hampton 

Absalom Williams 
1828 John M. Smith Thomas Hampton 

Absalom Williams 
1829 Ransom Harris William W. Wiseman 

Lewis Snyder 
1830 Ransom Harris Joseph Spurgin 

William W. Wiseman 
1831 Charles Hoover John A. Hogan 

John W. Thomas 
1832 John A. Hogan William Wiseman 

Henry Ledford 
1833 John A. Hogan. William Wiseman 

Henry Ledford 
1834 ; .John A. Hogan George Smith 

Charles Brummell 



588 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1835 John A. Hogan George Smith 

Charles Brummell 
Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1836 42d John L. Hargrave Charles Brummell 

Meshack Pinckston 
1838 42d William R. Holt Burgess S. Beall 

Charles Brummell 
1840 42d Alfred Hargrave Charles Brummell 

Burgess S. Beall 
1842 42d John W. Thomas Charles Brummell 

Henry Walser ' 
1844 42d Alfred Hargrave Benton C. Douthitt 

Charles L. Payne 
1846 42d Samuel Hargrave Charles Hoover 

Henry Walser 
1848 42d John W. Thomas James M. Leach 

Henry Walser 
1850 42d Samuel Hargrave James M. Leach 

Alfred G. Forster 
1852 42d Samuel Hargrave James M. Leach 

W. Harris 
1854 42d John W. Thomas James M Leach 

Henry Walser 
1856 42d John W. Thomas John P. Mabry 

James M. Leach 
1858 42d Benton C. Douthitt Henry Walser 

Hiram W. Brummell 
1860 42d John W. Thomas Lewis Hanes 

Edmund B. Clark 
1862 42d H. Adams Robert L. Beall 

Henry Walser 
1864 42d H. Adams C. F. Lowe 

Lewis Hanes 
1865 42d James M. Leach S. S. Jones 

Isaac Kinney 



Members of the General Assembly. 589 

Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1866 42d James M. Leach C. F. Lowe 

J. H. Shelton 
1868 33d P. A. Long Jabez Mendenliall 

George Kinney 
1870 33d P. C. Robbins Jacob Clinard 

J. T. Brown 
1872 33d John T. Cramer J. T. Brown 

John Michael 
1874 31st Alfred Hargrave Marshall H. Pinnix 

T. A. Mock 
1876 31st B. B. Roberts James A. Leach 

Marshall H. Pinnix 
1879 31st James M. Leach J. C. Miller 

G. F. Smith 
1881 31st Lewis Hanes P. C. Thomas 

S. W. Wall 
1883 31st Marshall H. Pinnix J. F. Beall 

H. J. Harris 
1885 31st P. C. Thomas George M. Bulla 

I. [S.] W. Wall 
1887 31st S. E. Williams N. W. Beeson 

J. G. Surratt 
1889 31st P. C. Thomas Zeb V. Walser 

S. W. Wall 
1891 31st Zeb V. V/alser W. A. Beck 

J. A. Hedrick 

1893 26th W. S. Owen John C. Thomas 

1895 26th S. W. Wall Zeb V. Walser 

J. F. Westmoreland 

1897 26th (See Rowan) J. R. McCrary 

1899 26th John C. Thomas C. M. Thompson 

1901 26th John C. Thomas H. H. Hartley 

1903 24th (See Union and Stanly) . .Harllee MacCall 

1905 24th S. E. Williams G. Foster Hankins 

1907 24th (See Union and Stanly) . .G. Foster Hankins 

1909 24th G. Foster Hankins T. Earle McCrary 



590 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-^'' Senators Representatives 

1911 24th (See Union and Stanly) . .Benjamin W. Parham 

1913 23d W. H. Phillips Ivey G. Thomas 

DAVIE. 

Davie county was formed in 1836 from Rowan. Was named in 
honor of William R. Davie, distinguished as a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, member of the Federal Convention of 1787, Governor of North 
Carolina, special Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to France, "Father of the University of North Carolina." Mocksville 
is the county seat. 

Membeks of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1842 41st Samuel Rebelin Gustavus A. Miller 

1844 41st (See Rowan) Gustavus A. Miller 

1846 41st (See Rowan) Gustavus A. Miller 

1848 41st John A. Lillington John M. Clement 

1850 41st John A. Lillington Stephen Douthitt 

1852 41st John A. Lillington Burgess S. Gaither 

1854 41st (See Rowan) W. B. Marsh 

1856 41st ( See Rowan) W. B. Marsh 

1858 41st ( See Rowan) Ephraim Gaither 

1860 41st (See Rowan) Henry B. Howard 

1862 41st ( See Rowan) Henry B. Howard 

1864 41st W. B. Marsh R. F. Johnson 

1865 41st (See Rowan).. James McGuire 

1866 41st R. F. Johnston J. H. Clement 

1868 32d. ..'... (See Rowan) James A. Kelley 

1870 32d (See Rowan) James A. Kelley 

1872 30th Charles Price Charles Anderson 

1874 30th J. H. Clement Charles Anderson 

1876 30th (See Rowan) Charles Price 

1879 30th (See Rowan) F.M.Johnston 

1881 30th J. A. Williamson Isaac Roberts 



Membeks of the General Assembly. 



591 





Senatorial 






Year 


District-' 


Senators 


Representatives 


1883. 


....30th.... 


. (See Rowan) 


P. H. Cain 


1885. 


30th 


.J. W. Wiseman 


H. E. Robertson 


1887. 


....30th.... 


. (See Rov/an) 


W. J. Ellis 


1889. 


30th 

....30th.... 


.Thomas B. Bailey. . . 


.John A. Hendricks 


1891. 


. (See Rowan) 


John A. Hendricks 



1893 27th (See Iredell and Yadkin) .W. R. Ellis 

1895 27th (See Iredell and Yadkin) .W. R. Ellis 

1897 27th (See Iredell and Yadkin) .William A. Bailey 

1899 27th Frank C. Hairston Gaston L. Vv^hite 

1901 27th (See Yadkin and Iredell) .C. M. Sheets 



1903. 
1905. 
1907. 
1909. 
1911. 
1913. 



.29th. 
.29th. 
.29th. 
.29th. 
.29th. 
.28th. 



, (See Yadkin) A. Turner Grant, Jr. 

, (See Wilkes) A. Turner Grant, Jr. 

, (See Yadkin) A. Turner Grant, Jr. 

, (See Wilkes) A. Turner Grant, Jr. 

. (See Yadkin) William A. Bailey i* 

.A. Turner Grant, Jr J. L. Sheek 



DOBBS COUNTY (Abolished in 1791). 
Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Benjamin Exum 

1778 Benjamin Exum William Fellows 

Jesse Cobb 
1779 Benjamin Exum Thomas Gray^ 

Jesse Cobb7 

William Caswelli 

Abraham Shepperdi 
1780 Richard Caswell William Caswell 

Abraham Shepperd 

1781 Benjamin Shepperd 

1782 Richard Caswell William Caswell 

1783 Richard Caswell Richard Caswell, Jr. 

John Herritage 
1784, Apr Richard Caswellis John Herritageis 

John Sheppard 



592 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1784, Oct Richard Caswell William Caswell 

John Sheppard 
1785 John Herritage Benjamin Coleman 

William Sheppard 
1786 John Herritage Bryan Whitfield 

Moses Westbrook 
1787 Benjamin Sheppard Bryan Whitfield 

William Sheppard 
1788 Richard Caswell Benjamin Sheppard 

Nathan Lassiter 

1789 Richard Caswell^ Benjamin Sheppard 

John Herritage Nathan Lassiter 

1790 Simon Bright Willoughby Williams 

Joshua Croom 
1791 Benjamin Sheppardis. . . .Willoughby Williams 

HemericV. Hooker 

DUPLIN. 

Duplin county was formed in 1749 from New Hanover. Was 
named in honor of George Henry Hay, Lord Duplin, an English 
nobleman. Kenansville is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators ^ Representatives 

1777 James Kenan Richard Clinton 

Robert Dickson 
1778 James Kenan Richard Clinton 

Thomas Hicks 
1779 James Kenan Richard Clinton 

James Gillaspie 
1780 Richard Clinton Joseph Dickson 

James Gillaspie 

1781 James Kenan Thomas Hicks 

1782 James Kenan David Doddi 2 



Members of the Gener^u. Assembly. 593 

Year Senators Representatives 

1783 James Kenan James Gillaspie 

Richard Clinton 
1784, Apr Richard Clintoni- James Gillaspiei^ 

Thomas Grayi2 
1784, Oct James Gillaspie Robert Dickson 

Thomas Gray 
1785 James Gillaspie Robert Dickson 

Joseph T. Rhodes 
1786 James Gillaspie Joseph T. Rhodes 

Robert Dickson 
1787 James Kenan Joseph Dickson 

Joseph T. Rhodes 
1788 James Kenan Robert Dickson 

Charles Ward 
1789 James Gillaspie'- Robert Dickson 

William Beck 
1790 James Kenan Joseph Dickson 

Shadrack Stallings 
1791 James Kenan Toseph T. Rhodes 

James Pearsall 
1792 James Gillaspie Shadrack Stallings 

William Beck 
1793 James Kenan Joseph T. Rhodes 

James Pearsall 
1794 Levin Watkins Daniel GJisson 

Joseph T. Rhodes 
1795 Levin Watkins William Dickson 

James Middleton 
1796 Joseph T. Rhodes Daniel Glisson 

James Middleton 
1797 Joseph T. Rhodes Joseph Dickon 

Daniel Glisson 
1798 Joseph T. Rhodes . Shadrach Stallings 

Thomas Kenan 
1799 Levin Watkins Thomas Kenan 

Daniel Glisson 

38 



594 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1800 Levin Watkins ..Charles Hooks 

Daniel Glisson 
1801 Levin Watkins Shadrach Stallings 

Charles Hooks 
1802 Levin Watkins Charles Hooks 

Daniel Glisson 
1803 Levin Watkins Charles Hooks 

Daniel Glisson 
1804 Thomas Kenan Charles Hooks 

Hugh McCann 
1805 Joseph T. Rhodes Daniel Glisson 

Hugh McCann 
1806 Joseph T. Rhodes Daniel Glisson 

Andrew Mclntire 
1807 Joseph T. Rhodes Daniel Glisson 

Andrew Mclntire 
1808 Joseph T. Rhodes Daniel Glisson 

Andrew Mclntire 
1809 Joseph T. Rhodes Daniel Glisson 

David Wright 
1810 Charles Hooks Daniel Glisson 

David Wright 
1811 Charles Hooks David Wright 

Daniel Glisson 
1812 Stephen Miller David Wright 

John Beck 
1813 Joseph Gillaspie David Wright 

John Beck 
1814 Joseph Gillaspie David Wright 

Basil Kornegay 
1815 Joseph Gillaspie David Wright 

John E. Hussey 
1816 Daniel Glisson John Pearsall 

John E. Hussey 
1817 Daniel Glisson John Pearsall " 

John E. Hussey 



k 



Members of the General Assembly. 595 

Year Senators Representatives 

1818 Daniel Glisson John Pearsall 

John E. Hussey 
1819 Daniel Glisson John Pearsall 

Stephen Graham 
1820 Daniel Glisson Daniel L. Kenan 

John Watkins 
1821 Daniel L. Kenan John Watkins 

Andrew Hurst 
1822 Daniel Glisson James M. Nixon 

Archibald Maxwell 
1823 Jeremiah Pearsall Stephen Miller 

William K. Frederick 
1824 Jeremiah Pearsall James M. Nixon 

Stephen Miller 
1825 John E. Hussey Benjamin Best 

Stephen Miller 
1826 Stephen Miller Benjamin Best, Jr. 

William K. Frederick 
1827 Andrew Hurst Daniel Glisson 

Joseph Gillaspie 
1828 Stephen Miller William Wright 

Joseph Gillaspie 
1829 Stephen Miller William Wright 

John Farrior 
1830 Stephen Miller William Wright 

William K. Frederick 
1831 Stephen Miller William Wright 

Joseph G'llasple 
1832 John E. Hussey Joseph Gillaspie 

Alexander O'Grady 
1833 John E. Hussey Alexander O'Grady 

Joseph Gillaspie 
1834 John E. Hussey James K. Hill 

Owen R. Kenan 
1835 John E. Hussey James K. Hill 

Owen R. Kenan 



596 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1836 28th John E. Hussey Owen R. Kenan 

James H Jarman 
1838 28th James K. Hill James H. Jarman 

Hampton Sullivan 
1840 28th James K. Hill James G. Dickson 

Hampton Sullivan 
1842 28th Austin Levinson Isaac B. Kelly 

James G. Dickson 
1844 18th James K. Hill Isaac B. Kelly 

James G. Dickson 
1846 18th James K. Hill Isaac B. Kelly 

James P. Davis 
1848 18th Stephen Traham Isaac B. Kelly 

James G. Dickson 
1850 18th B. W. Hening Isaac B. Kelly 

N. P. Matthis 
1852 18th B. W. Hening David Reid 

W. E. Hill 
1854 17th B. W. Hening N. B. Whitfield 

W. J. Houston 
1856 17th W. J. Houston Bryant Southerland 

William P. Ward 
1858 17th W. J. Houston John D. Stanford 

William P. Ward 
1860 17th James Dickson John D. Stanford 

James G. Branch 
1862 17th James Dickson John D. Stanford 

L. W. Hodges 
1864 17th R. W. Ward A. M. Faison 

Zack Smith 
1865 17th J. D. Stanford Thomas S. Kenan 

A. M. Smith 
1866 17th Isaac B. Kelly Thomas S. Kenan 

Zack Smith 
1868 .' 12th William A. Allen Isaac B. Kelly 

N. E. Armstrong 



Members of the General Assembly. 597 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1870 12th William A. Allen John D. Stanford 

N. E. Armstrong 
1872 10th William A. Allen John D. Stanford 

J. K. Outlaw 
1874. .*. . .10th John D. Stanford W. B. Wells 

A. G. Moseley 
1876 10th John D. Stanford J. G. Kenan 

A. G. Moseley 
1879 10th J. A. Bryan A. S. Colwell 

G. W. Lamb 
1881 10th A. M. Faison D. B. Nicholson 

J. E. Pigford 

1883 10th E. J. Hill John D. Stanford 

1885 10th E. J. Hill John D. Stanford 

1887 10th John A. Bryan J. D. Southerland 

1889 10th Ahner Robinson John R. Miller, Sr. 

1891 10th John A. Bryan D. J. Middleton 

1893 9th (See Pender and Wayne) .A. D. Ward 

1895 9th (See Pender and Wayne) F. M. K3athley 

1897 9th R. G. Maxwell Maury Ward 

1899 9th S. F. Hill .James O. Carr 

1901 9th (See Pender and Wayne) D. L. Carlton 

1903 10th ..... A. D. Hicks D. L. Carlton 

1905 10th (See Pender) H. D. Williams 

1907 10th Thomas Perrett H. D. Williams 

1909 10th (See Pender) John A. Gavin. Jr. 

1911 10th R. D. Johnson Ransom L. Carr 

1913 10th (See Pender) W. C. Boney 



598 State Officials. 

DURHAM. 

Durham county was formed in 1881 from Orange and Wake. Was 
named after the town of Durham, a thriving manufacturing city. 
Durham is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1881 20th (See Orange & Person) . .C. B. Green 

1883 20th (See Orange & Caswell) .R. C. Strudwick 

1885 20th (See Person & Orange) . .C. B. Green 

1887 20th (See Caswell & Orange) .T. C. Oakley 

1889 20th (See Person & Orange) . .John T. Nichols 

1891 20th (See Caswell & Orange) . .W. M. Lowe 

1893 18th (See Alamance & Orange) Frank L. Fuller 

1895 18th (See Caswell & Alamance) W. G. Vickers 

1897 18th J. E. Lyon J. W. Umstead 

1899 18th (See Orange & Caswell) . .Howard A. Foushee 

1901 18th Howard A. Foushee R. G. Russell 

1903 19th (See Caswell & Orange) . .Jones Fuller 

1905 19th Howard A. Foushee J. Crawford Biggs 

1907 19th (See Caswell & Orange) . .James S. Manning 

1909 19th James S. Manning Young E. Smith 

1911 19th (See Orange & Caswell) . .Julian S. Carr 

1913 18th Victor S. Bryant S. C. Brawley 

G. C. Stallings 



« 



Members of the General Assembly. 599 

EDGECOMBE. 

Edgecombe county was formed in 1735 from Bertie. Was named 
in honor of Richard Edgecombe, who became Baron Edgecombe in 
1742, an English nobleman and a lord of the treasury. Tarboro is 
the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Elisha Battle Jonas Johnston 

Nathan Boddie 
1778 Elisha Battle Jonas Johnston 

Isaac Sessums 
1779 Elisha Battle William Haywood 

Ethelred Exum 
1780 Elisha Battle Ethelred Gray 

Henry Horn, Jr. 
1781 Elisha Battle Henry Irwin Toolei:; 

James Wilson- 
Robert Diggsa 
1782 Isaac Sessums Ethelred Phillips^-; 

James Wilson 
1783 Elisha Battle Robert Diggs 

James Wilson 

1784, Apr Elisha Battleis Isaac Sessumsi-' 

1784, Oct Isaac Sessumss Robert Diggs 

John Dalvin 
1785 Elisha Battle Ethelred Phillips 

Robert Diggs 
1786 Elisha Battle Ethelred Phillips 

Robert Diggsi* 
1787 Elisha Battle Robert Diggs 

John Dalvin 
1788 Ethelred Gray William Fort 

Joshua Fort 
1789 Ethelred Grays Ethelred Phillips 

Thomas Blount 



600 



State Officials. 



Year 



Senators 



Representatives 



1790 Ethelred Phillips John Leigh 

Bythel Bell 
1791 Ethelred Phillips John Leigh 

Bythel Bell 
1792 Ethelred Phillips John Leigh 

Thomas Blount 
1793 Ethelred Phillips John Leigh 

Jeremiah Hilliard 
1794 William Gray John Leigh 

Jeremiah Hilliard 
1795 Nathan Mayo John Leigh 

David Coffield 
1796 Nathan Mayo Bythel Bell 

John Leigh 
1797 Nathan Mayo Nathan Gilbert 

Frederick Phillips 
1798 Nathan Mayo Adam John Haywood 

Jeremiah Hilliard 
1799 Thomas Blount Lawrence O'Bryan 

Jeremiah Hilliard 
1800 Bythell Bell Jeremiah Hilliard 

William Hyman 
1801 Richard Harrison Jeremiah Hilliard 

George Brownrigg 
1802 Richard Harrison George Brownrigg 

Jeremiah Hilliard 
1803 Richard Harrison Jeremiah Hilliard 

George Brownrigg 

1804 Richard Harrison. . . . 

f 

1805 Richard Harrison. . . . 



. . . .George Brownrigg 

Henry Haywood 
. . . .Joseph Farmer 

Duke W. Sumner 
. . . .Duke W. Sumner 

Henry Irwin Toole 
1807 Richard Harrison Henry Irwin Toole 

John Cotton 



1806 Richard Harrison. 



Members of the General Assembly. 601 

Year Senators Representatives • 

1808 . .Henry Irwin Toole Nathan Standi 

Hardy Flowers 
1809 Henry Irwin Toole Hardy Flowers 

William Balfour 
1810 Henry Irwin Toole James W. Clark 

Hardy Flowers 
1811 Henry Irwin Toole William Balfour 

.Tames W. Clark 
1812 James W. Clark Joseph Farmer 

Hardy Flowers 
1813 James W. Clark Joseph Farmer 

James Benton 
1814 James W. Clark Joseph Farmer 

James Benton 
1815 Joseph Bell James Benton 

Louis D. Wilson 
1816 Joseph Bell James Benton 

Louis D. Wilson 
1817 James Benton Louis D. Wilson 

John Horn 
1818 James Benton Louis D. Wilson 

John Horn 
1819 James Benton Louis D. Wilson 

Moses Baker 
1820 Louis D. Wilson William Wilkins 

Moses Baker 
1821 Hardy Flowers Joseph R. Lloyd 

William Wilkins 
1822 Hardy Flowers William Wilkins 

Moses Baker 
1823 Hardy Flowers William Wilkins 

Moses Baker 
1824 Louis D. Wilson Henry Bryan 

Richard Hines 
1825 Louis D. Wilson Henry Bryan 

Moses Baker 



602 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1826 Louis D. Wilson Benjamin Sharpe 

Hardy Flowers 
1827 Louis D. Wilson Benjamin Sharpe 

Benjamin Wilkinson 
1828 Louis D. Wilson Benjamin Sharpe 

Benjamin Wilkinson 
1829 Louis D. Wilson Moses Baker 

Gray Little 
1830 Louis D. Wilson Hardy Flowers 

Gray Little 
1831 Louis D. Wilson Redding Pittman 

Hardy Flowers 
1832 Louis D. Wilson Gray Little 

John W. Potts 
1833 Hardy Flowers John W. Potts 

Turner Bynum 
1834 Hardy Flowers John W. Potts 

Turner Bynum 
1835 Benjamin Sharpe L. Deberry 

Joseph J. Pipkin 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1836 15th Thomas H. Hall Joseph J. Daniel 

James George 
1838 15th Louis D. Wilson Robert Bryan 

William S. Baker 
1840 15th Louis D. Wilson William S. Baker 

Joshua Barnes 
1842 15th Louis D. Wilson Joshua Barnes 

Ralph E. McNair 
1844 10th Louis D. Wilson Joshua Barnes 

Robert R. Bridgers 
1848 10th Louis D. Wilson .Wyatt Moye 

William F. Dancy 
1846 10th Louis D. Wilson William F. Dancy 

William Thigpen 



Members of the General Assembly. 603 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1850 10th Henry T. Clark Joshua Barnes 

Kenneth Thigpen 
1852 10th Henry T. Clark William Norflaet 

W. Ellis 
1854 10th Henry T. Clark Joshua Barnes 

David Williams 
1856 10th Henry T. Clark Robert R. Bridgers 

John S. Dancy 
1858 10th Henry T. Clark Robert R. Bridgers 

John S. Dancy 
1860 10th Henry T. Clerk Robert R. Bridgers 

James S. Woodard 
1862 10th Jesse H. Powell David Cobb 

Robert Bynum 
1864 10th Jesse H. Powell David Cobb 

L. D. Farmer 
1865 10th George Howard Joseph H. Hyman 

Kenneth Thigpen 
1866 10th Henry T. Clark J. H. Baker 

J. S. Woodard 
1868 7th N. B. Bellamy George Peck 

Henry C. Cherrysi 
1870 7th N. B. Bellamy Willis Bunnsr 

R. M. Johnson^T 
1872 7th Henry Eppes:- Willis Bunns^ 

Joseph Cobb 
1874 5th W. P. Mabsons- T. Goodwin 

Willis BunnST 
1876 5th W. P. Mabson37 Willis Bunns^ 

W. A. Duggan 
1879 5th Frank D. Dancy C. W. Battle 

D. Wimberly 
1881 5th W. P. Williamson C. W. Battle 

W. W. Watson 
1883 5th Robert R. Gray37 William Belcher 

A. R. BridgersST 



604 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1885 5th R. S. Tayloi-sT X. D. Bellamy 

B. W. ThorpeS" 
1887 5th R. S. TaylorST c. C. Crenshaw 

D. Wimberly 
1889 5th D. Wimberly Edward Bridges 

Daniel [R. H.] Justice 
1891 5th R. H. Speight W. Aaron Bridgers 

Jesse Brake 
1893 5th W. P. Mercer Jesse Brake 

W. L. Barlow 
1895 5th W. P. Mercer J. H. Baker, Jr. 

W. 0. Howard 
1897 5th W. L. Person Elbert E. Bryan 

J. H. Daucy 
1899 5th R. H. Speight Henry A. Gilliam 

S. L. Hart 
1901 5th R. H. Speight E. L. Daughtridge 

B. P. Shelton 
1903 5th Donnell Gilliam B. F. Shelton 

E. L. Daughtridge 
1905 5th Donnell Gilliam Mark B. Pitt 

P. C. Vestal 
1907 5th W. Stamps Howard Mark B. Pitt 

P. C. Vestal 
1909 5th L. V. Bassett Hugh B. Brj-ant 

Mark B. Pitt 
1911 5th L. V. Bassett Hugh B. Bryant 

Mark B. Pitt 
1913 4th Henry A. Gilliam T. F. Cherry 

FAYETTE (Abolished). 
Members of the Gexeral Assembly. 

Year Senator Representatives 

1784, Oct John Armstrong William Rand 

Alexander McAllisteri^ 



Membkrs of the General Assembly. 605 

FORSYTH. 

Forsyth county was formed in 1849 from Stokes. Was named in 
honor of Colonel Benjamin Forsyth, U. S. A., a citizen of Stokes 
county, who was killed on the Canadian frontier on June 28, 1814, 
during the second war with Great Britain. Winston-Salem is the 
county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1854 43d (See Stokes) Jesse A. Waugh 

Allen Flynt 
1856 43d (See Stokes) Jesse A. Waugh 

John Hasten 
1858 43d (See Stokes) Francis Fries 

John Masten 
1860 43d John A. Waugh John F. Poindexter 

Philip Barrow 
1862 43d (See Stokes) John P. Nissen 

E. Kerner 
1864 43d (See Stokes) William FI. Wheeler 

W. B. Stipe 
1865 43d J. Boner Charles Teague 

W. H. Wheeler 
1866 43d (See Stokes) Peter A. Wilson 

E. B. Teague 

1868 34th Peter A. Wilson John P. Vest 

1870 34th (See Stokes) John P. Nissen 

1872 32d John M. Stafford William H. Wheeler 

1874 32d H. S. Cook ....William H. Wheeler 

1876 32d T. J. Wilson Edgar Leinbach 

1879 32d G. B. Everett William A. Lowrey 

1881 32d W. B. Glenn Edgar Leinbach 

1883 32d Cyrus B. Watson G. W. Wilson 

1885 32d John C. Buxton W. H. Shepperd 

1887 32d (See Stokes) Henry E. Fries 

1889 32d Edgar Leinbach John F. Reynolds 



606 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year DistricW Senators Representatives 

1891 32d J. F. Reynolds Edgar Leinbach 

1893 26th Erastus B. Jones Cyrus B. Watson 

A. E. Shore 
1895 26th (See Davidson) Edgar Leinbach 

J. W. Speas 
1897 26th (See Rowan) William P. Ormsby 

John L. Grubbs 
1899 26th Robert B. Glenn J. K. P. Carter 

William A. Lowrey 
1901 26th (See Rowan & Davidson) J. B. Whitaker, Jr. 

Frank T. Baldwin 
1903 27th Frank T. Baldwin Robert S. Nissen 

J. D. Waddill 
1905 27th A. H. Eller G. H. Hasten 

J. D. Waddill 
1907 27th John C. Buxton Robert M. Cox 

W. T. Carter 
1909 27th Henry R. Starbuck. Shirley E. Hall 

Pleasant H. Stimpson 
1911 27th Henry R. Starbuck Frank P. Alspaugh 

Pleasant H. Stimpson 
1913 26th Erastus B. Jones S. J. Bennett 

William Porter 

FRANKLIN. 

Franklin county was formed in 1779 from Bute. Was named in 
honor of Benjamin Franklin. Louisburg is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 
Year Senators Representatives 

1779 Benjamin Seawell Thomas Sherrod 

Green Hill^ 
John Norwood! 

1780 Henry Hill : Joseph Bryant 

William Brickells 



Members of the General Assembly. 607 

Year Senators Representatives 

1781 Henry Hill William Brickell 

William Green 
1782 Henry Hill Simon Jeffreys 

Harrison Macon 
1783 Alexius M. Foster Simon Jeffreys 

Harrison Maconi- 
1784, Apr (See Note 13) Thomas Sherrodis 

Richard Ransomi2 
1784, Oct Durham Hall 

Thomas Sherrod 
1785 Henry Hill Durham Hall 

Thomas Sherrod 
1786 Henry Hill Durham Hall 

Richard Ransom 
1787 Henry Hill Thomas Sherrod 

Jordan Hill 
1788 Thomas Biickell Jordan Hill 

Brittain Harris 
1789 Henry Hill^s Thomas Sherrod 

Jordan Hill 
1790 Henry Hill Archibald Davis 

Jordan Hill 
1791 Henry Hill Archibald Davis 

John Foster 
1792 William Christmas John Foster 

Thomas K. Wynn 
1793 William Christmas John Foster 

Brittain Harris 
1794 Henry Hill John Foster 

Brittain Harris 
1795 Henry Hill Brittain Harris 

Archibald Davis 
1796 James Gray Brittain Harris 

Archibald Davis 
1797 Henry Hill John Foster 

Brittain Harris 



608 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1798 Henry Hill John Foster 

Archibald Davis 
1799 Jordan Hill Brittain Harris 

Archibald Davis 
1800 Jordan Hill Brittain Harris 

Thomas Lanier 
1801 Jordan Hill Eppes Moody 

James Seavpell 
1802 Jordan Hill Eppes Moody 

James Seawell 
1803 Jordan Hill Brittain Harris 

James Seawell 
1804 John Foster Eppes Moody 

Brittain Harris 
1805 John Foster Eppes Moody 

James J. Hill 
1806 John Foster Eppes Moody 

Thomas Lanier 
1807 John Foster Eppes Moody 

Thomas Lanier 
1808 John Foster James J. Hill 

Thomas H. Alston 
1809 Benjamin Brickell James J. Hill 

Thomas Lanier 
1810 Benjamin Brickell Eppes ?vIoody 

Thomas Lanier 
1811 Benjamin Brickell Benjamin P. Hawkins 

Eppes Moody 
1812 James J. Hill Thomas Lanier 

Benjamin F. Hawkins 
1813 James J. Hill Benjamin F. Hawkins 

Thomas Lanier 
1814 Benjamin F. Hawkins. . . .Thomas Lanier 

Nathaniel Hunt 
1815 Thomas Lanier Nathaniel Hunt 

Marmaduke N. Jeffreys 



\ 



Members of the General Assembly. " 609 

Year Senators Representatives 

1816 Benjamin P. Hawkins. . . .Nathaniel Hunt 

Marmaduke N. Jeffreys 
1817 James J. Hill James Houze 

William Harrison 
1818 James J. Hill William Harrison 

James Houze 
1819 Benjamin P. Hawkins. . . .Marmaduke N. Jeffreys 

T. Terrell 
1820 : James Houze William Moore 

James J. Hill 
1821 James Houze John D. Hawkins 

Marmaduke N. Jeffreys 
1822 James Houze Lark Pox 

Guilford Lewis 
1823 Charles A. Hill Lark Pox 

Guilford Lewis 
1824 Charles A. Hill Lark Pox 

Guilford Lewis 
1825 Charles A. Hill William T. Williams 

James Houze 
1826 Charles A. Hill James Houze 

Joel King 
1827 James Houze Joel King 

Henry J. G. Ruffin 
1828 Henry J. G. Ruffin Richard Ward 

William Branch 
1829 William P. Williams William Branch 

Thomas T, Russell 
1830 William P. Williams William Branch 

Gideon Glenn 
1831 William P. Williams Gideon Glenn 

James Davis 
1832 William P. Williams Alfred A. Lancaster 

Nathaniel R. Tunstall 
1833. Thomas G. Stone William H. Battle 

Joseph J. Maclin 

39 



610 State Officials. 

^ear Senators Representatives 

1834 John D. Hawkins William H. Battle 

Joseph J. Macklin 
1835. Henry G. Williams Thomas Howerton 

Simon G. Jeffreys 
Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1836 12th John D. Hawkins Thomas Howerton 

Joseph J. Macklin 
1838 12th John D. Hawkins Thomas Howerton 

William P. Williams 
1840 12th John D. Hawkins Young Patterson 

Thomas Howerton 
1842 12th William P. Williams Young Patterson 

John E. Thomas 
1844 26th William A. Jeffries William K. Martin 

James Collins 
1846 26th John E. Thomas William K. Martin 

James Collins 
1848 26th James Collins William K. Martin 

David W. Spring 
1850 26th .James Collins William K. Martin 

Josiah Bridgers 
1852 26th James Collins William K. Martin 

Philemon B. Hawkins 

1854 26th James Collins William K. Martin 

1856 26th Philemon B. Hawkins. . . .Leonidas A. Jeffriess 

William P. Green 

1858 26th M. Lankford William F. Green 

1860 26th Washington Harris William F. Green 

1862 26th Washington Harris A. W. Pearce 

1864 26th Washington Harris William K. Davis 

1865 26th Washington Harris P. S. Foster 

1866 26th Washington Harris Joseph J. Davis 

1868 19th (See Wake) James T. Harris 

John H. Williamsonsi^ 



Members of the General Assembly. 611 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1870 19th Philemon B. Hawkins James T. Harris 

John H. Williamson37 

1872 7th William K. Davis John H. Williamsonsi 

1874 7th Charles M. Cooke T. T. Mitchell 

1876 7th (See Wilson and Nash) . .John H. WilliamsonST 

1879 7th W. S. Harris Charles M. Cooke 

1881 7th W. S. Harris Charles M. Cooke 

1883 7th (See Wilson and Nash) . .B. F. Bullock, Jr. 

W. P. Green 
1885 7th Joshua Perry J. F. Clifton 

N. Y. Gulley 
1887 7th T. S. Collie Nathaniel H. Macon 

John H. Williamsons? 
1889 7th (See Wilson and Nash) . .Charles M. Cooke 

John T. Clifton 
1891 7th P. A. Davis P. G. Alston, Jr. 

G. G. Gill 

1893 7th G. W. Newell Frank S. Spruill 

1895 7th (See Wilson and Nash) . .J. F. Mitchell 

1897 7th John F. Mitchell W. T. Barrow 

1899 7th T. S. Collie P. A. Davis 

1901 7th (See Wilson and Nash) . .W. H. Yarborough 

1903 7th R. B. White Ivey Goodman Riddick 

1905 7th W. W. Boddie B. W. Ballard 

1907 7th (See Nash and Wilson) . .Thomas W. Bickett 

1909 7th Benjamin T. Holden Robert P. Floyd 

1911 7th Benjamin T. Holden Robert P. Floyd 

1913 6th (See Nash and Wilson) . .J. A. Turner 

W. H. Ruffin 



612 ■ State Officials. 

GASTON. 

Gaston county was formed in 1846 from Lincoln. Was named in 
honor of Judge William Gaston, Member of Congress and Justice of 
the Supreme Court of North Carolina. Dallas is the county seat. 
From 1846 to 1852 Gaston voted with Lincoln and Catawba. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^" Senators Representatives 

1854 47th (See Lincoln) James H. White 

1856 47th (See Lincoln) Richard Rankin 

1858 47th (See Lincoln) Daniel T. Ragan 

1860 47th (See Lincoln) James H. White 

1862 47th (See Lincoln) A. W. Davenport 

1864 47th (See Catawba) W. T. Shipp 

1865 47th (See Lincoln) David A. Jenkins 

1866 47th (See Catawba) David A. Jenkins 

1868 37th Lawson A. Mason Jonas Hoffman 

1870 37th (See Lincoln) J. G. Gulick 

1872 38th (See Cleveland) W. A. Stowe 

1874 38th (See Cleveland) W. A. Stowe 

1876 38th R. W. Sandifer W. G. Morris 

1879 38th (See Cleveland) H. B. Huffstetler 

1881 38th J. Stowe Eli Pasour 

1883 38th (See Cleveland) J. W. Reid 

1885 38th George F. Bason J. W. Reid 

1887 38th (See Cleveland) J. F. Wilson 

1889 38th John F. Leeper Robert A. White 

1891 38th (See Cleveland) Moses Stroup 

1893 32d R. W. Sandifer J. B. White 

1895 32d (See Cleveland) G. H. Harris 

1897 32d (See Cleveland and Ruth- Samuel M. Wilson 

erford) 

1899 32d O. F. Mason L. H. J. Hauser 

1901 32d (See Cleveland and Ruth- Oscar F. Mason 

erford) 



Members of the General Assembly. 



613 



Year 
1903. 



1905. 



1907. 



1909. 



1911. 



1913. 



Senatorial 
District^-! 



.32d. 



.32d. 



,32d, 



}2d. 



.31st.. 



Senators Representatives 

.S. J. Durham John F. Leeper 

W. T. Love 
. 0. F. Mason R. A. White 

C. E. Hutchinson 
.0. F. Mason A. G. Mangum 

F. pilling 
.W. T. Love Richard K. Davenport 

Noah B. Kendricli 
.John G. Carpenter Abel C. Stroup 

Noah B. Kendrick 
.0. F. Mason S. S. Mauney 

David P. Dellinger 



GATES. 

Gates county was formed in 1778 from Chowan, Perquimans, and 
Hertford. Was named in honor of General Horatio Gates, who com- 
manded the American army at the battle of Saratoga. At this battle 
an entire British army was captured, but General Gates contributed 
nothing to that success. It is regarded as one of the most important 
battles in the history of the world. Gatesville is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Tear Senators _ Representatives 

1779 Jacob Hunter 

William Baker 
1780 James Gregorys Jethro Sumner 

James Garretts 
1781 James Gregorys Jethro Sumners 

Joseph Riddick 
1782 William Baker Jethro Sumner 

Joseph Riddick 
1783 Jacob Hunter Joseph Riddick 

David Rice 
1784, Apr Jacob Hunteris 



614 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1784, Oct William Baker Seth Riddick 

Joseph Riddick 

1785 Joseph Riddick Seth Riddick 

1786 Joseph Riddick Seth Eason 

1787 Joseph Riddick William Baker 

John Baker 

1788 Joseph Riddick 

1789 Joseph Riddickiz David Rice 

John Baker 

1790 Joseph Riddick James B. Sumner 

1791 Joseph Riddick Thomas Granberry 

1792 Joseph Riddick James Baker 

Isaac Miller 
1793 Joseph Riddick Henry Goodman 

Miles Benton 
1794 Joseph Riddick William Lewis 

Miles Benton 
1795 Joseph Riddick William Lewis 

Humphrey Hudgins 

1796 Joseph Riddick James Gatling 

, John B. Walton 

1797 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

James Gatling 
1798 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

James Gatling 
1799 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

James Gatling 
1800 Joseph Riddick James Gatling 

Humphrey Hudgins 
1801 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

James Gatling 
1802 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Elisha Hunter 
1803 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

James Gatling 



Members of the Geneeal Assembly. 615 

Year Senators Representatives 

1804 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Willis Woodley 
1805 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Jethro D. Goodman 
1806 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Jethro D. Goodman 
1807 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Kedar Ballard 
1808 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Kedar Ballard 
1809 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Kedar Ballard 
1810 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Kedar Ballard 
1811 Joseph Riddick John B. Baker 

Humphrey Hudgins 
1812 Kedar Ballard John B. Baker 

Humphrey Hudgins 
1813 Kedar Ballard Robert Ballard 

Richard Barnes 
1814 Kedar Ballard Robert Riddick 

Richard Barnes 
1815 Joseph Riddick Robert Riddick 

Humphrey Hudgins 
1816 Kedar Ballard Humphrey Hudgins 

Joseph Gordon 
1817 Joseph Riddick Humphrey Hudgins 

Isaac R. Hunter 
1818 John B. Baker Isaac R. Hunter 

John Mitchell 
1819 Humphrey Hudgins David E. Sumner 

Abraham Harrell 
1820 John B. Baker William W. Riddick 

William Barnes 
1821 John C. Gordon William W. Riddick 

Abraham Harrell 



616 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1822 John B. Baker John Walton 

Abraham Harrell 
1823 Abraham Harrell William W. Stedman 

John Walton 
1824 Abraham Harrell John Walton 

William W. Stedman 
1825 Abraham Harrell John Walton 

William W. Stedman 
1826 Edward R. Hunter John Walton 

William W. Stedman 
1827 Abraham Harrell William Vv^. Stedman 

Lemuel Riddick 
1828 Abraham Harrell William W. Stedman 

Lemuel Riddick 
1829 William W. Cowper William W. Stedman 

Riseup Rawls 
1830 William W. Cowper William W. Stedman 

John Willey 
1831 William W. Cowper Whitmel Stallings 

Lemuel Riddick 
1832 .William W. Cowper Whitmel Stallings 

John Willey 
1833 John Walton Lemuel Riddick 

John Willey 
1834 William W. Cowper Lemuel Riddick 

John Willey 
1835 William W. Cowper Whitmel Stallings 

Lemuel Riddick 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1836 3d William W. Cowper Whitmel Stallings 

1838 3d (See Chowan) Whitmel Stallings 

1840 3d (See Chowan) Whitmel Stallings 

1842 3d Whitmel Stallings John Willey 

1844 3d Whitmel Stallings Riddick Catling 

1846 3d Whitmel Stallings Riddick Catling 



Members of the General Assembly. 617 

Senatorial 
Tear District^'' Senators Representatives 

1848 3d ( See Chowan) Charles E. Ballard 

1850 3d (See Chowan) Mills H. Eure 

1852 3d (See Chowan) Mills H. Eure 

1854 3d (See Chowan) '.Mills H. Eure 

1856 3d (See Chowan) Hardy W. Parker 

1858 3d ( See Chowan) Riddick Catling, Jr. 

I860 3d M. L. Eure John Boothe 

1862 3d M. L. Eure William H. Manning 

1864 3d M. L. Eure R. H. L. Bond 

1865 3d M. L. Eure William H. Lee 

1866 3d (See Chowa^n) William H. Lee 

1868. .^ . ..1st (See Perquimans and John Catling 

Currituck) 

1870 1st (See Chowan) Riddick Catling 

1872 1st (See Pasquotank and R.H.Ballard 

Camden) 

1874 1st (See Currituck and Hert-R. H. Ballard 

ford) 

1876 1st (See Currituck and William ^ Roberts 

Chowan) 

1879 1st (See Perquimans and John J. Catling 

Hertford) 

1881 1st W. H. Manning John J. Catling 

1883 1st W. W. Speight John J. Catling 

1885 1st James Parker Henry Clay Williams 

1887 1st (See Hertford and Pas- Riddick Catling 

quotank) 

1889 1st (See Hertford & Camden) Martin Kellogg 

1891 1st James Parker Riddick Catling 

1893 1st John J. Catling Mills R. Eure 

1895 1st (See Hertford and Per- L. L. Smith 

quimans) 

1897 1st (See Hertford and Per- Timothy H. Rountree 

quimans) 

1899 1st (See Hertford and Per- John M. Trotman 

quimans) 



618 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1901 1st (See Currituck and L. L. Smith 

Chowan) 
1903 1st (See Chowan and Pas- L. L. Smith 

quotank) 
1905 1st (See Chowan and Curri- R. W. Simpson 

tuck) 

1907 1st A. Pilson Godwin R. W. Simpson 

1909 1st A. Pilson Godwin Lycurgus Hofler 

1911 1st (See Hertford & Camden) Lycurgus Hofler 

1913 1st (See Hertford & Chowan) G. D. Catling 

GLASGOW (Abolished in 1799). 
Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1792 Hymrick Hooker 

1793 Benjamin Sheppard Hymrick Hooker 

Martin G. Sheppard 
1794 •. . .Benjamin Sheppard Martin G. Sheppard 

John Holliday 
1795 Benjamin Sheppard Graves Bright 

John Holliday 
1796 Benjamin Sheppard John Holliday 

Martin G. Sheppard 
1797 Benjamin Sheppard Martin G. Sheppard 

William Taylor 
1798 Martin G. Sheppard 

William Taylor 
1799 Hamrick Hooker William Taylor 

Graves Bright 



Members of the General Assembly. 619 

GRAHAM. 

Graham county was formed in 1872 from Cherokee. "Was named in 
honor of Governor William A. Graham, United States Senator, Gov- 
ernor of North Carolina, Secretary of the Navy, Confederate States 
Senator. Robbinsville is the county seat. Graham county voted 
with Cherokee until 1883. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District Senators Representatives 

1883 42d (See Cherokee) George B. Walker 

1885 42d (See Cherokee) M. M. E. Slaughter 

1887 42d (See Macon) Joel L. Crisp 

1889 42d ( See Jackson) Reuben Carver 

1891 42d (See Cherokee) W. M. Taylor 

1893 35th (See Cherokee) John G. Tatham 

1895 35th (See Clay) J. W. King 

1897 35th (See Macon) John Deyton 

1899 35th Joel L. Crisp O. P. Williams 

1901 35th Joel L. Crisp W. F. Manney 

1903 39th Joel L. Crisp T. A. Morphew 

1905 39th Joel L. Crisp W. W. Fleming 

1907 39th (See Cherokee) William P. Rose 

1909 39th (See Macon) William P. Rose 

1911 39th (See- Clay) J. C. Edwards 

1913 38th (See Cherokee) R. L. Phillips 



620 State Officials. 

GRANVILLE. 

Granville county was formed in 1746 fi'om Edgecombe. Was 
named in honor of John Carteret, Earl Granville, who owned the 
Granville District. He was Prime Minister under King George II, 
and a very brilliant man. Oxford is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Memucan Hunt Thomas Person 

John Penn 
1778 Robert Harris Thornton Yancey 

John Williams^ 

Thomas Person 
1779 Memucan Hunt Thomas Person 

Philemon Hawkins, Jr. 
1780 Memucan Hunt Thomas Person 

Philemon Hawkins 
1781 Joseph Taylor Thomas Person 

Richard Henderson ^ 
1782 William Gill Thomas Person 

Philemon Hawkins 
1783 Robert Harris Thomas Person 

Philemon Hawkins 
1784, Apr Robert Harris^^ Philemon Hawkinsi^ 

Thomas Personis 
1784, Oct John Taylor Thomas Person 

Thornton Yancey 
1785 Howell Lewis Thomas Person 

Philemon Hawkins 
1786 Howell Lewis Thornton Yancey 

Philemon Hawkins 
1787 Thomas Person Thornton Yancey 

Howell Lewis 
1788 Memucan Hunt Thomas Person 

Elijah Mitchell 
1789 Samuel Clayi2 Thornton Yancey 

Thomas Person 



Members of the General Assembly. 621 

Year Senators Representatives 

1790 Samuel Clay Thornton Yancey 

Thomas Person 
1791 Thomas Personia Elijah Mitchell 

Thornton Yancey 
1792 William P. Little Elijah Mitchell 

Thornton Yancey 
1793 William P. Little Thomas Person 

Elijah Mitchell 
1794 William P. Little James Vaughan 

Thomas Person 
1795 William P. Little Thomas Person 

Thomas Taylor 
1796 William P. Little Thomas Taylor 

Elijah Mitchell 
1797 William P. Little Thomas Taylor 

Thomas Person 
1798 William P. Little John R. Eaton 

Sterling Yancey 
1799 Washington Salter Thomas Taylor 

Sterling Yancey 
1800 Thomas Taylor Sterling Yancey 

Benjamin E. Person 
1801 Thomas Taylor John R. Eaton 

Samuel Parker 
1802 Thomas Taylor John R. Eaton 

Samuel Parker 
1803 Joseph Taylor John Washington 

Samuel Parker 
1804 Thomas Perron Barnett Pulliam 

Henry Yancey 
1805 Thomas Person John Washington 

Henry Yancey 
1806 Thomas Person Henry Yancey 

William Robards 
1807 Thomas Person Henry Yancey 

John Washington 



622 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1808 Thomas Taylor Samuel Parker 

William Robards 
1809 Thomas Taylor William Hawkins 

Henry Yancey 
1810 Thomas Taylor Daniel Jones 

William Hawkins 
1811 Thomas Taylor William Hawkins^'-' 

John Hare 

Daniel Jones 
1812 Thomas Person Woodson Daniel 

John R. Eaton 
1813 Thomas Falconer. . . . ^. . .John Hare 

Woodson Daniel 
1814 Thomas Person Benjamin Bullock 

Daniel Jones 
1815 James Young Daniel Jones 

John J. Inge 
1816 Willis Lewis Daniel Jones 

John J. Inge 

1817 Willis Lewis William Hawkins 

1818 Daniel Jones Nath. M. Taylor 

Benjamin Hester 
1819 Daniel Jones Richard Sneed 

Samuel Hillman 
1820 Thomas Person Richard Sneed 

Samuel Hillman 
1821 Joseph H. Bryan Richard Sneed 

Samuel Hillman 
1822 William M. Sneed Robert Jeter 

Thomas Hunt 
1823 William M. Sneed Robert Jeter 

William G. Bower 
1824 James Nuttall J. C. Taylor 

William G. Bower 
1825 William M. Sneed John Glasgow 

Nicholas Jones 



Members op the General Assembly. 623 

Year Senators Representatives 

1826 William M. Sneed Nicholas Jones 

Willis Lewis 
1827 James Nuttall John C. Taylor 

John Glasgow 
1828 Thomas T. Hunt James Wyche 

Robert Potter 
1829 William M. Sneed James Wyche 

Spencer O'Brien 
1830 William M. Sneed James Wyche 

Spencer O'Brien 
1831 William M. Sneed Spencer O'Brien 

James Wyche 
1832 Thomas W. Norman Spencer O'Brien 

John C. Ridley 
1833 Thomas W. Norman William R. Hargrove 

James Wyche 
1834 James Wyche Sandy Harris 

Robert Potter- s 
1835 James Wyche Charles R. Eaton 

Elijah Hester 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1836 23d John C. Taylor Robert B. Gilliam 

Charles R. Eaton 
William Fleming 

1838 23d John C. Taylor Robert B. Gilliam 

Horace L. Robards 
Elijah Hester 

1840 23d William A. Johnson Robert B. Gilliam 

Horace L. Robards 
James A. Russell 

1842 23d Elijah Hester Jonathan M. Stone 

William Russell 
Kemp P. Hill 



624 



State Officiaxs. 



Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators 

1844 28th George C. Eaton. 

1846 28th James A. Russell. 

1848 28th John Hargrove. . . 



1850 28th. . .-. .Nathaniel E. Cannady. 



1852 28th Nathaniel E. Cannady. 



1854 28th C. H. K. Taylor. 



1856 28th C. H. K. Taylor. 



1858 28th C. H. K. Taylor. 



1860 28th C. H. K. Taylor. 



1862 28th R. W. Lassiter 



1864 28th R. W. Lassiter. 



1865. . . . .28th B. F. Bullock. 



Representatives 

. .Jonathan M. Stone 

James M. Bullock 

James T. Littlejohn 
. . .Robert B. Gilliam 

James M. Bullock 

Jonathan M. Stone 
...Robert B. Gilliam 

George W. Green 

Nathaniel E. Cannady 
. .James S. Amis 

Lewis Par ham 

William R. Wiggins 
. .William H. Lyon 

Willie Perry 

James S. Amis 
. .James M. Bullock 

William H. Lyon 

James S. Amis 
..Tazewell L. Hargrove 

James M. Bullock 

Thomas B. Lyon, Jr. 
. . Tazewell L. Hargrove 

James M. Bullock 

Edward B. Lyon 
..James M. Bullock 

William H. P. Jenkins 

Samuel H. Cannady 
..Robert B. Gilliam 

James S. Amis 

Eugene Grissom 
. . .James S. Amis 

Eugene Grissom 

P. P. Peace 
. .William H. [P.] Jenkins 

Edward B. Lyon 

Edward Dalby 



Members of the General Assembly. 625 

Senatorial 
Year District^"! Senators Representatives 

1866 28th John D. Bullock Edward B. Lyon 

William H. [P.] Jenkins 

H. Freeman 
1868 21st R. W. Lassiter J. W. Ragland 

A. A. Crawford 3" 

Cuffie MayoS' 
1870 21st L. C. Edwards Edward B. Lyon 

Tazewell L. Hargrove 

W. H. Reavis37 
1872 21st Bourbon Smith Richard G. Sneed 

H. T. HughessT 
1874 21st Richard G. Sneed W. H. CrewsST 

H. T. Hughes37 
1876 21st Hanson T. Hughes3T Henry C. Rogers 

W. H. Crews37 
1879 21st E. E. Lyon Rufus Amis 

J. E. Burroughs 
1881 21st William H. [P.] Jenkins. John Hays 

G. W. Rogers 
1883 21st B. H. Cozart E. J. Jenkins 

A. H. A. Williams 
1885 21st Robert W. Winston R. W. Hobgood 

A. H. A. Williams 
1887 21st William H. [P.] Jenkins. J. M. Davis 

H. G. Tilley 
1889 21st J. W. Brown H. G. Tilley 

Rufus Amis 
1891 21st G. L. Allen W. T. Adams 

J. F. Cole 
1893 17th ( See Person) W. H. CrewsST 

T. L. Taylor 
1895 17th A. J. Dalby S. J. H. Mayes 

William H. Crews, Jr. 
1897 17th (See Person) William H. Crews, Jr. 

John King 

40 



626 State Officials. 

Setiatorial 
Year Districf^' Senators Representatives 

1899 17th A. A. Hicks C. W. Bryan 

A. A. Lyon 

1901 17th (See Person) William H. P. Jenkins 

Augustus W. Graham 

1903 18th A. A. Hicks Augustus W. Graham 

1905 18th (See Person) Augustus W. Graham 

1907 18th A. A. Hicks B. S. Royster 

1909 18th (See Person) Augustus W. Graham 

1911 18th A. A. Hicks William A. Devin 

1913 17th (See Person) William A. Devin 

Augustus W. Graham 

GREENE (Now in Tennessee). 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1784, Oct Alexander Outlaw 

1787 Daniel Keneda David Campbell 

1788 James Roddy Josepli Hardin 

Alexander Outlaw 
1789 •. John Ellison 

Alexander Outlaw 

GREENE. 

Greene county was formed in 1799 from Glasgow. Was named in 
honor of General Nathanael Greene, Washington's "right-hand man." 
Next to Washington, General Greene is regarded as the greatest 
soldier of the Revolution. He fought the battle of Guilford Court- 
house and saved North Carolina from the British. Snow Hill is the 
county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1800 Robert Whyte Jonas Williams 

William Taylor 



Members of the General Assembly. 627 

Year Senators Representatives 

1801 Hymrick Hooker William Taylor 

Jonas Williams 
1802 .Hymrick Hooker William Taylor 

Jonas Williams 
1803 Hymrick Hooker Jonas Williams 

Henry Best 
1804 Hymrick Hooker Jonas Williams 

Alexander Kilpatrick 
1805 Hymrick Hooker Jonas Williams 

Alexander Kilpatrick 
1806 Hymrick Hooker Jonas Williams 

Kinchen Garland 
1807 Hymrick Hooker Jonas Williams 

Henry J. G. Ruffin 
1808 William V. Speight .Henry J. G. Ruffin 

Jonas Williams 
1809 William V. Speight Henry J. G. Ruffin 

Jonas Williams 
1810 William V. Speight Jonas Williams 

Benjamin Evans 
1811 William V. Speight Abraham Darden 

Jonas Williams 
1812 William V. Speight William Holliday 

Abraham Darden 
1813 William V. Speight William Pope 

William Holliday 

1814 William V. Speight J. C. Sheppard 

> William Pope 
1815 William V. Speight William Pope 

James Eastwood ■ 

1816 William V. Speight.." James Eastwood 

' William Pope 

1817 William V. Speight Richard G. Bright 

William Pope 
1818 William V. Speight. ...... Reuben Wilcox 

William Pope 



628 State Officials. 

Tear Senators Representatives 

1819 William V. Speight Abraham Darden 

William Pope 
1820 William V. Speight Abraham Darden 

William Pope 
1821 William V. Speight Hymrick Hooker 

Abraham Darden 
1822 William V. Speight Charles Edwards 

Jesse Speight 
1823 Jesse Speight R. G. Bright 

Charles Edwards 
1824 Jesse Speight Charles Edwards 

Richard H. F. Harper 
1825 Jesse Speight Charles Edwards 

Richard H. F. Harper 
1826 Jesse Speight Charles Edwards 

Joseph Ellis 
1827 Jesse Speight James Harper 

Joseph Ellis 
1828 Jesse Speight James Harper 

Joseph Ellis 
1829 Wyatt Moye James Harper 

Arthur Speight 
1830 Wyatt Moye James Harper 

Elisha Uzzell 
1831 Wyatt Moye Arthur Speight 

James Harper 
1832 Wyatt Moye -James Harper 

John Beemond 

1833 Wyatt Moye James Harper 

■ Robert L. Allen 
1834 Wyatt Moye James Harper 

James Williams 
1835 Wyatt Moye James Harper 

Thomas Hooker 



Members of the Genebal Assembly. 629 

Senatorial 
Year District^^ Senators Representatives 

1836 17th ( See Lenoir) Thomas Hooker 

1838 17th James Harper James Williams 

1840 17th ( See Lenoir) John W. Taylor 

1842 17th Edwin G. Speight John W. Taylor 

1844 15th Edwin G. Speight James G. Edwards 

1846 15th Edwin G. Speight James G. Edwards 

1848 15th Edwin G. Speight James G. Edwards 

1850 15th Edwin G. Speight Benjamin F. Williams 

1852 15th James P. Speight Benjamin P. Williams 

1854 15th James P. Speight Benjamin F. Williams 

1856 15th James P. Speight Arthur D. Speight 

1858 15th James P. Speight Arthur D. Speight 

1860 15th James P. Speight Arthur D. Speight 

1862 15th (See Lenoir) Henry H. Best 

1864' 15th James P. Speight Henry H. Best 

1865 15th (See Lenoir) J. B. Faircloth 

1866 15th (See Lenoir) F. M. Rountree 

1868 18th (See Wayne) Joseph Dixon 

1870 18th (See Wayne) B. S. Hardy 

1872 10th (See Lenoir) John Patrick 

1874 11th Josiah Sugg • F. E. Hooker 

1876 11th (See Lenoir) W. P. Ormond 

1879 11th W. P. Ormond W. T. Dixon 

1881 11th (See Lenoir) W. T. Dixon 

1883 11th (See Lenoir) W. T. Dixon 

1885 11th (See Lenoir) W. A. Darden 

1887 11th (See Lenoir) W. M. Dorsett 

1889 11th (See Lenoir) Noah H. Beaman 

1891 11th W. C. Galloway A. J. Edmundson 

1893 8th (See Lenoir & Carteret) .W. M. Carraway 

1895 8th (See Onslow and Lenoir) S. G. Mewborne 

William R. Dixon 

1897 8th (See Craven) William R. Dixon 

1899 8th (See Craven and Lenoir) .Benjamin F. Mitchell 

J. E. W. Sugg 
1901 8th John E. W. Sugg Fred L. Carr 



630 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1903 8th (See Jones and Lenoir) . .Fred L. Carr 

1905 8th (See Craven & Carteret) .J. T. Frizzelle 

1907 8th (See Lenoir and Onslow) Swift Galloway 

1909 8th (See Lenoir and Onslow) J. A. Albritton 

1911 8th (See Craven & Carteret) .Verranows R. Smith 

1913 7th (See Craven & Carteret) .L. J. H. Mewborne • 

GUILFORD. 

Guilford county was formed in 1770 from Rowan and Orange. 
Was named in honor of Francis North, Earl of Guilford, an English 
nobleman. He was the father of Lord North, who was Prime Min- 
ister under King George III during the Revolution. Lord North 
afterwards succeeded his father as Earl of Guilford. Greensboro is 
the county seat. 

Membeks of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 • Ralph Gorrell John Collier 

Robert Lindsay 

1778 Ralph Gorrell^ James Hunter 

Alexander Martini Robert Lindsay 

1779 Alexander Martin James Hunter 

Daniel Gillespie 
1780 Alexander Martin James Hunter 

William Gowdy 
1781 Alexander Martin William Gowdy 

James Hunter 
1782 Alexander Martin William Gowdy 

James Hunter 
1783 Charles Bruce James Galloway 

John Leak 
1784, Apr (See Note 13) James Galloway 

Ralph Gorrell 
1784, Oct .James Galloway John Hamilton 

John Leak 



i 



I 



Members of the General Assembly. 631 

Year Senators Representatives 

1785 Alexander Martin John Hamilton 

Barzillai Gardner 
1786 William Gowdy John Hamilton 

Barzillai Gardner 
1787 Alexander Martin Barzillai Gardner 

William Gowdy 
1788 Alexander Martin John Hamilton 

William Gowdy 
1789 William Gowdyi^ John Hamilton 

Daniel Gillespie 
1790 Daniel Gillespie Hance Hamilton 

Robert Hannah 
1791 Daniel Gillespie Robert Hannah 

Barzilla Gardner 
1792 Daniel Gillespie Robert Hannah 

Barzilla Gardner 
1793 Daniel Gillespie Robert Hannah 

Barzilla Gardner 
1794 Daniel Gillespie. . Barzilla Gardner 

Robert Hannah 
1795 Ralph Gorrell Hance Hamilton 

Hance McCain 
1796 Ralph Gorrell Barzilla Gardner 

Hance Hamilton 
1797 Hance McCain Hance Hamilton 

Samuel Lindsay 
1798 Hance McCain Samuel Lindsay 

George Bruce 
1799 Hance Hamilton Samuel Lindsay 

George Bruce 
1800 Hance Hamilton. . Samuel Lindsay 

Jonathan Parker 
1 801 Samuel Lindsay George Bruce 

Jonathan Parker 
1802 George Bruce Zaza Brashier 

Jonathan Parker 



J 



632 State Officiaxs. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1803 Samuel Lindsay John Moore 

Jonathan Parker 
1804 Samuel Lindsay Jonathan Parker 

Zaza D. Brashier 
1805 Hance McCain Zaza D. Brashier 

Richard Mendenhall 
1806 Hance McCain Zaza D. Brashier 

Richard Mendenhall 
1807 Jonathan Parker Robert Hannah 

John Howell 
1808 Jonathan Parker Robert Hannah 

John Howell 
1809 Jonathan Parker Robert Hannah 

John Howell 
1810 Samuel Lindsay Robert Hannah 

William Armfield 
1811 Jonathan Parker Robert Hannah 

John Howell 
1812 Jonathan Parker John Howell 

Robert Lindsay 
1813 Jonathan Parker Obed Macey 

James Gibson 
1814 Jonathan Parker James Gibson 

James McNairy 
1815 Jonathan Parker John Howell 

James McNairy 
1816 John Caldwell James McNairy 

William Ryan 
1817 John W. Caldwell William Ryan 

Robert Donnell 
1818 John Caldwell James McNairy 

William Ryan • 

1819 John M. Dick Robert Donnell 

William Dickey 
1820 John Caldwell John Rankin 

David Worth 



Members of the General Assembly. 633 

Year Senators Representatives 

1821 Jonathan Parker John Gordon 

William Adams 
1822 Jonathan Parker Samuel Hunter 

David Worth 
1823 Jonathan Parker Samuel Hunter 

David Worth 
1824 Jonathan Parker William Unthank 

James Neely 
1825 Jonathan Parker Francis L. Simpson 

William Unthank 
1826 Jonathan Parker Francis L. Simpson 

John M. Morehead 
1827 Jonathan Parker Francis L. Simpson 

John M. Morehead 
1828 Jonathan Parker Francis L. Simpson 

George C. Mendenhall 
1829 John M. Dick George C. Mendenhall 

Francis L. Simpson 
1830 John M. Dick Allen Peoples 

Amos Weaver 
1831 John M. Dick Amos Weaver 

Allen Peoples 
1832 ! . . .Jonathan Parker Allen Peoples 

David Thomas 
1833 George C. Mendenhall David Thomas 

Allen Peoples 
1834 Jonathan Parker William AdamsST 

Ralph Gorrell^T 

Jesse H. Lindsay 
1835 James T. Morehead Jesse H. Lindsay 

Ralph Gorrell 

Senatorial 
Tear District^' Senators Representatives 

1836 39th James T. Morehead Jesse H. Lindsay 

Peter Adams 
Francis L. Simpson 



634 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1838 39th James T. Morehead Jesse H. Lindsay 

William Doak 
David Thomas 

±840 39th James T. Morehead George C. Mendenhall 

William Doak 
James Brannock 

1842 39th James T. Morehead George C. Mendenhall 

William Doak 
Joel McLean 

1844 36th Jesse H. Lindsay William Doak 

William McLean 
John A. Smith 

1846 36th John A. Gilmer Nathan Hunt 

Edmund W. Ogburn 
Peter Adams 

1848 36th John A. Gilmer David F. Caldwell 

Calvin Johnson 
James W. Doak 

1850 36th John A. Gilmer David F. Caldwell 

Calvin Henderson Wiley 
Peter Adams 

1852 36th John A. Gilmer Calvin Johnston 

David F. Caldwell 
Calvin H. Wiley 

1854 36th John A. Gilmer David F. Caldwell 

Ralph Gorrell 
Calvin C. Johnston 

1856 36th Ralph Gorrell David F. Caldwell 

Levi M. Scott 
Edwin W. Ogburn 

1858 36th Ralph Gorrell John M. Morehead 

David F. Caldwell 
Abraham Clapp 

1860 36th John M. Morehead. Cyrus P. Mendenhall 

Charles B. Shober 
Julius L. Gorrell 



Members of the General Assembly. 635 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1862 36th Peter Adams M. S. Sherwood 

R. W. Glenn 

William R. Smith 

1864 36th R. P. Dick David F. Caldwell 

• Abraham Clapp 

A. S. Helton 
1865 36th James T. Morehead J. A. Houston 

W. A. Caldwell 

William R. Smith 
1866 36th Peter Adams James T. Morehead, Jr. 

A. S. Houston 

W. R. Smith 
1868 26th G. W. Welker Stephen G. Horney 

David Hodgin 
1870 26th John A. Gilmer Jonathan Harris 

S. C. Rankin 
1872 24th James T. Morehead, Jr... Joseph Gilmer 

William Wiley 

1874 24th James T. Morehead Nereus Mendenhall 

A. S. Holton John N. Staples 

1876 24th J. I. Scales John N. Staples 

Lyndon Swaim 

1879 24th J. I. Scales J. A. McLean 

David F. Caldwell C. J. Wheeler 

1881 24th J. N. Staples J. A. Pritchett 

J. S. Ragsdale 
1883 24th James T. Morehead James W. Forbis 

J. L. King 
1885 24th J. L. King John A. Barringer 

J. A. Turner 
1887 24th J. S. Murrow B. G. Chilcutt 

J. A. Pritchett 
1889 24th A. S. Holton Ogden A. Starbuck 

James R. Woods 
1891 24th J. L. King R. K. Denny 

W. M. Wiley 



636 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^i Senators Representatives 

1893 21st J. L. King Martin H. Holt 

Jotin H. Gilmer 
1895 21st Ogden A. Starbuck J. H. Sutton 

B. G. Chilcutt 
1897 21st Alfred M. Scales B. G. Chilcutt • 

John C Bunch 
1899 21st J. N. Wilson John C. Kennett 

John C. Bunch 
1901 21st James D. Glenn Wescott Roberson 

T. E. Whitaker 
1903 21st James D. Glenn Wescott Roberson 

T. E. Whitaker 
1905 21st Alfred M. Scales Wescott Roberson 

James R. Gordon 
1907 21st J. Allen Holt Edward J. Justice 

James R. Gordon 
1909 21st John A. Barringer Thomas J. Murphy 

James R. Gordon 
1911 21st Franklin P. Hobgood, Jr. J. E. Kirkman 

Thomas R. Dillard 
1913 20th Franklin P. Hobgood, Jr. Edward J. Justice 

James R. Gordon 

Thomas J. Gold 

HALIFAX. 

Halifax county was formed in 1758 from Edgecombe. Was named 
in honor of George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax, president of the 
board of trade, which had control of the colonies before the Revolu- 
tion. Halifax is the county seat. 

Members of the House of Commons from Halifax (Town). 36 

1777 Willie Jones 1781 Henry Montforts 

1778 Willie Jones 1782 Henry Montfort 

1779 Henry Montfort 1783 Henry Montfort 

1780 Henry Montfort 1784, Apr.Henry Montfort 



'1 



Members of the General Assembly. 



637 



1784, Oct. Henry Montfort 

1785 Charles Pasteur 

1786 William R. Davie 

1787 William R. Davie 

1788 Goodorum Davis 

1789 William R. Davie 

1790 

1791 William R. Davie 

1792 Richard H. Long 

1793 William R. Davie 

1794 William R. Davie 

1795 John B. Ashe 

1796 William R. Davie 

1797 Thaddeus Barnes 

1798 William R. Davieis 

Richard H. Long 

1799 Richard H. Long 

1800 Richard H. Long 

1801 Isaac Hilliard 

1802 Basset Stith 

1803 William Drew 

1804 Thomas Hall 

1805 Allen Gilchrist 

1806 Allen J. Davie 

1807 Joseph J. Daniel 

1808 William P. Hall 



1809 William Drew 

1810 Halcott J. Pride 

1811 Jeptha Dupree 

1812 Peter Brown 

1813 William Drew 

1814 William Drew 

1815 Joseph J. Daniel 

1816 William Drew 

1817 Hutchins G. Burton 

1819 Thomas Burges 

1820 Robert A. Jones 

1821 Thomas Burges 

1822 Elisha H. Eure 

1823 Jesse A. Bynum 

1824 Jesse A. Bynum 

1825 (See Note 35) 

1826 Robert Potter 

1827 Jesse A. Bynum 

1828 Jesse A. Bynum 

1829 William L. Long 

1830 William L. Long 

1831 William L. Long 

1832 William L. Long 

1833 William L. Long 

1834 Thomas Ousby 

1835 Robert C. Bond 



Members of the Genebal Assembly. 



Year Senators 

1777 John Bradford. . 



1778 Oroondates Davis . 



1779 Oroondates Davis . 



Representatives 

.Joseph John Williams 
Egbert Haywood 

.Egbert Haywood 
John Whitaker 

.Willie Jones 
Augustus Willisi 



638 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1780 Oroondates Davis Willie Jones- 
John Whitaker 

William Weldon 
1781 Oroondates Daviss John Branch 

Benjamin McCulloch" 
1782 Willie Jones John Branch 

Benjamin McCulloch 
1783 Benjamin McCulloch John Whitaker 

John Geddy 
1784, Apr Willie Jonesis Benjamin McCullochi- 

Nicholas Long 
1784, Oct Nicholas Long Benjamin McCulloch 

John B. Ashe 
1785 Benjamin McCulloch John Whitaker 

John B. Ashe 
1786 Benjamin McCullochs John B. Ashe^ 

Augustus Willis 
1787 Nicholas Long John Dawson 

John Branchii 
1788 Willie Jones John Jones 

John Branch 
1789 John B. Asheis Peter Quails 

Marmaduke Norfleet 
1790 Peter Quails John Dawson 

Willis Alston 
1791 Peter Quails Willis Alston 

Thomas Tabbis 

Stephen W. Carney 
1792 Peter Quails Willis Alston 

Eaton Pugh 
1793 Peter Quails James A. Tabb 

Stephen W. Carney 

1794 Willis Alston Eaton Pugh 

1795 Willis Alston Eaton Pugh 

Stephen W. Carney 



Members of the General Assembly. 633 

Year Senators Representatives 

1796 Stephen W. Carney James A. Tabb 

Eaton Pugh 
1797 Stephen W. Carney Wood Jones Hamblin 

James A. Tabb 
1798 Stephen W. Carney Starling Harwell 

Matthew Gary Whitaker 
1799 Stephen W. Carney Starling Harwell 

Wood Jones Hamblin 
1800 Stephen W. Carney Matthew Cary Whitaker 

Starling Harwell 
1801 Stephen W. Carney Matthew Cary Whitaker 

Starling Harwell 
1802 Stephen W. Carney Starling Harwell 

Matthew Cary Whitaker 
1803 Joseph John Alston Starling Harwell 

Matthew Cary Whitaker 
1804 John Alston William Williams 

Matthew Cary Whitaker 
1805 Gideon Alston William Williams 

Matthew Cary Whitaker 
1806 Gideon Alston Daniel Mason 

Matthew Cary Whitaker 
1807 Matthew Cary Whitaker.. William Williams 

Daniel Mason 
1808 Matthew Cary Whitaker.. Lewis Daniel 

William Williams 
1809 Matthew Cary Whitaker.. William E. Webb 

Joseph Bryan 
1810 Matthew Cary Whitaker.. William E. Webb 

Benjamin Edmonds 
1811 John Branch William E. Webb 

J. J. Daniel 
1812 Matthew Cary Whitaker. . J. J. Daniel 

William E. Webb 
1813 John Branch James Barnes 

Wood Jones Hamblin 



640 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1814 John Branch James Grant 

Richard Jones 
1815 John Branch Richard Jones 

Wilson W. Carter 
1816 John Branch Jesse A. Dawson 

Richard Jones 

1817 .John Branchiy Richard Jones 

John Alston Jesse A. Dawson 

1818 John Alston Jesse A. Dawson 

Xevill Gee 
1819 John Alston Richard Jones 

Willis Alston 
1820 John Alston Willis Alston 

Jesse A. Dawson 
1821 John Alston Willis Alston 

Jesse A. Dawson 
1822 John Branch Robert A. Jones 

Isham Matthews 
1823 Thomas Burges Willis Alston 

Robert A. Jones 
1824 Isham Matthews Willis Alston 

Robert B. Daniel 
1825 Isham Matthews George E. Spruill 

Robert B. Daniel 
1826 Isham Matthews A. A. Wyche 

George E. Spruill 
1827 Isham Matthews George E. Spruill 

William E. Shine 
1828 Isham Matthews Rice B. Pierce 

George E. Spruill 
1829 Isham Matthews Jesse A. Bynum 

Thomas Nicholson 
1830 Isham Matthews Jesse A. Bynum 

Thomas Nicholson 
1831 Isham Matthews Thomas Nicholson 

John R. J. Daniel 



i 



Members of the General Assembly. 641 

Year Senators Representatives 

1832 Isham Matthews Charles Gee 

John R. J. Daniel 
1833 Isham Matthews William M. West 

John R. J. Daniel 
1834 John Branch William L. Long 

John R. J. Daniel 
1835 Andrew Joyner Sterling H. Gee 

William M. West 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1836 9th Andrew Joyner Isham Matthews 

Sterling H. Gee 
Bartholomew F. Moore 

1838 9th Andrew Joyner William W. Daniel 

Major A. Wilcox 
Spier Whitaker 

1840 9th Andrew Joyner Sterling H. Gee 

Benjamin A. Pope 
Bartholomew F. Moore 

1842 9th Andrew Joyner Benjamin A. Pope 

Sterling H. Gee 
Bartholomew F. Moore 

1844 9th Andrew Joyner Sterling H. Gee 

Bartholomew F. Moore 

1846 9th Andrew Joyner Lemuel M. Long 

Matthew C. Whitaker 

1848 9th Andrew Joyner William L. Long 

Richard Smith 

1850 9th Andrew Joyner William B. Pope 

Dudley C. Clanton 

1852 9th Andrew Joyner Richard H. Smith 

James D. Perkins 

1854 9th M. L. Wiggins Richard H. Smith 

James D. Perkins 

1856 9th M. L. Wiggins William Hill 

John W. Johnson 

41 



642 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'! Senators Representatives 

1858 9th Matthew Gary Whitaker. . William Hill 

William L. Long 
1860 9th xMatthew Gary Whitaker. .Archibald H. Davis 

William B. Pope 
1862 9th M. L. Wiggins Henry Joyner 

Archibald H. Davis 
1864 9th M. L. Wiggins Henry .Joyner 

Archibald H. Davis 
1865 9th M. L. Wiggins Henry Joyner 

Archibald H. Davis 
1866 9th M. L. Wiggins D. G. Clarke 

W. A. Daniel 
1868 6th Henry EppsST John H. Renfrow 

H. T. J. HayesST 

Ivey Hutchings^T 
1870 6th Henry Eppss^ Gharles Smith 

John R. Bryant^' 

J. J. Goodwyn 
1872 4th Henry Epps"^ j. j. Goodwyn 

John R. BryantsT 
1874 4th John R. Bryant-^' J. A. Jones"- 

John A. White"-^ 
1876 4th John R. Bryant-*" J. S. Reynolds 

John A. Whites" 
1879 4th Henry Eppes37 j. T. [S.] Reynolds 

John A. Whitest 
1881 4th Spier Whitaker William H. Day 

M. T. Savage 
1883 4th J. J. Goodwyn H. J. Hewlin 

James M. Pittman 
1885 4th J. M. Mullen David Bell 

A. J. Burton 
1887 4th Henry Eppess^ James M. Pittman 

John A. Whitest 
1889 4th T. L. Emry W. H. Anthony 

Thomas H. Taylor 



Members of the General Assembly. 643 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1891 4th W. E. Bowers W. W. Hall 

A. B. Hill 

1893 4th William H. Day William H. Kitchin 

1895 4th I. E. Green J. M. Grizzard 

J. A. House 
1897 4th E. T. Clark Scotland Harris 

J. H. Arrington 
1899 4th E. L. Travis H. S. Harrison 

W. P. White 
1901 4th E. L. Travis W. P. Parker 

W. P. White 
1903 4th.' E. L. Travis W. F. Parker 

W. R. [P.] White 
1905 4th W. H. Thorne T. C. Harrison 

Sandys Gale 
1907 4th Walter E. Daniel John B. Neal 

A. Paul Kitchin 
1909...... 4th E. L. Travis A. Paul Kitchin 

Henry S. Harrison 
1911 4th A. Paul Kitchin William T. Clements 

P. N. Stainback 

A. H. Green 
1913 4th Walter E. Daniel William T. Clement 

W. P. White 



644 State Officiai^s. 

HARNETT. 

Harnett county was formed in 1855 from Cumberland. Was 
named in honor of Cornelius Harnett, eminent Revolutionary pa- 
triot, President of the Provincial Council, President of the Council 
of Safety, delegate to the Continental Congress, author of the Hali- 
fax Resolution of April 12, 1776. Lillington is the county seat. 
Harnett voted with Cumberland until 1865. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^-! Senators Representatives 

1865 20th A. D. McLean Neill McKay 

1866 20th Archibald McLean B. C. Williams 

1868 16th James S. Harrington Neill S. Stewart^ 

B. C. Williams 
1870 16th (See Cumberland and Neill S. Stev/art 

Sampson) 

1872 16th (See Cumberland) J. R. Grady 

1874 16th George W. Pegram John A. Spears 

1876 16th (See Cumberland) Daniel H. McLean 

1879 16th N. S. Stewart C. H. Coffield 

1881 16th (See Cumberland) D. E. Green 

1883 16th D. Morrison Daniel Stewart 

1885 16th (See Cumberland) Daniel Stewart 

1887 16th John McCormick Thomas W. Harrington 

1889 16th (See Cumberland) William Pearson 

1891 16th J. A. Greene M. V. Prince 

1893 14th (See Sampson & Bladen) .Neill A. Smith 

1895 14th I. W. Taylor Neill McLeod 

1897 14th (See Sampson & Bladen) .Lillias B. Chapin 

1889 14th F. P. Jones Dan Hugh McLean 

1901 14th (See Bladen) W. A. Stewart 

1903 15th H. L. Godwin Thomas AV. Harrington 

1905 15th (See Johnston and Samp- W. A. Stewart 

son) 
1907 15th Thomas W. Harrington.. .J. C. Clifford 



Members of the General Assembly. 645 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1909 15th W. G. Turner Neill A. Smith 

1911 15th J. R. Baggett Charles Ross 

1913 14th ( See Johnston and Samp- Ernest F. Young 

son) 

HAWKINS (Now in Tennessee). 
Members of the General Assembly. 
Year - Senators Representatives 

1788 Thomas Amis Thomas King 

William Cocke 

1789 Thomas Amisis Thomas King 

James White 

HAYWOOD. 

Haywood county was formed in 1808 from Buncombe. Was named 
in honor of John Haywood, who for forty years (1787-1827) was the 
popular Treasurer of the State. Waynesville is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 
Year Senators Representatives 

1809 John Welch Thomas Love 

Thomas Lenoir 
1810 John Welch Thomas Love 

Thomas Lenoir 
1811 John McFarland Thomas Love 

Thomas Lenoir 
1812 John McFarland Thomas Lenoir 

John Dobson 
1813 John McFarland Thomas Lenoir 

Joseph Chambers 
1814 John McFarland Thomas Love 

Thomas Lenoir 
1815 James Welch Thomas Love 

Joseph Chambers 



646 State Officials. 

^^«^ Senators Representatives 

1816 Hodge Rayburn John Stephenson 

William Welch 
1817 Thomas Teatham Thomas Love 

Daniel McDowell 
1818 Hodge Rayburn Thomas Love 

William Welch 
1819 Hodge Rayburn Thomas Love 

Joseph Chambers 
1820 Hodge Rayburn James R. Love 

William Welch 
1821 Hodge Rayburn James R. Love 

Ninian Edmondson 
1822 Hodge Rayburn James R. Love 

Benjamin Clark 
1823 Thomas Love James R. Love 

Ninian Edmondson 
1824 Thomas Love James R. Love 

Ninian Edmondson 
1825 Thomas Love James R. Lqve 

Ninian Edmondson 
1826 Thomas Love James R. Love 

Ninian Edmondson 
1827 Thomas Love James R. Love 

Benjamin S. Brittain 
1828 Thomas Love Benjamin S. Brittain 

Ninian Edmondson 
1829 William Welch James R. Love 

Ninian Edmondson 
1830. William Welch Ninian Edmondson 

James R. Love 
1831 William Parham Ninian Edmondson 

John L. Smith 
1832 William Parham John L. Smith 

Ninian Edmondson 
1833 William Sitton Ninian Edmondson 

John L. Smith 



Members of the General Assembly. 647 

Year Senators Representatives 

1834 Ninian Edmondson John L. Smith 

Joseph H. Walker 

1835 Ninian Edmondson Joseph H. Walker 

John L. Smith 
Senatorial 

Year District^'! Senators Representatives 

1836 49th (See Buncombe) 

1838 49th Hodge Ray burn Joseph Keener 

1840 49th (See Buncombe) Joseph Keener 

1842 49th (See Buncombe) Michael Francis 

1844 50th Michael Francis James Keener 

1846 50th Michael Francis Andrew Ferguson 

1848 50th William H. Thomas Robert G. A. Love 

1850 50th William H. Thomas Robert G. A. Love 

1852 50th William H. Thomas Robert G. A. Love 

1854 50th (See Jackson) Robert G. A. Love 

1856 50th (See Jackson) Samuel L. Love 

1858 50th (See Jackson) Samuel L. Love 

1860 50th (See Jackson) Samuel L. Love 

1862 50th (See Macon) Samuel L. Love 

1864 50th (See Cherokee) Samuel L. Love 

1865 50th (See Jackson) William J. Wilson 

1866 50th (See Jackson) W. G. B. Garrett 

1868 43d (See Macon) Walter Brown^ 

W. P. Welch 

1870 43d (See Macon) W. P. Welch 

1872 43d W. P. Welch H. P. Haynes 

1874 41st (See Henderson) F. M. Davis 

1876 41st Garland S. Ferguson F. M. Davis 

1879 41st (See Henderson) F. M. Davis 

1881 41st (See Transylvania) F. M. Davis 

1883 41st (See Henderson) W. W. Stringfield 

1885 41st W. L. Tate William T. Crawford 

1887 41st (See Transylvania) William T. Crawford 

1889 41st (See Henderson) W. H. Hargrove 

1891 41st J. S. Davis Robert D. Gilmer 



648 State Officials. 

8e7iatorial 
Year District^'! Senators Representatives- 

1893 33d J. S. Davis Robert D. Gilmer 

1895 33d J. M. Moody William T. Lee 

1897 33d George H. Smathers James W. Ferguson 

1899 33d (See Buncombe and Mad- Joseph S. Davis 

ison) 

1901 33d W. W. Stringfield J. A. Collins 

1903 38th (See Jackson) M. D. Kinsland 

1905 38th YV. W. Stringfield Joseph S. Davis 

1907 38th (See Transylvania) D. L. Boyd 

1909 38th (See Swain) William T. Lee 

1911 38th (See Jackson) John N. Mease 

1913 37th W. J. Hannah David R. Noland 

HENDERSON. 

Henderson county was formed in 1838 from Buncombe. Was 
named in honor of Leonard Henderson, Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of North Carolina. Hendersonville is the county seat. 

Members of the Genebal Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^-^ Senators Representatives 

1844 49th (See Buncombe) John Clayton 

1846 49th (See Buncombe).. John Baxter 

1848 49th (See Buncombe) Henry T. Farmer 

1850 49th (See Buncombe) Henry T. Farmer 

1852 49th ( See Buncombe) John Baxter 

1854 49th (See Buncombe) John Baxter 

1S56 49th (See Buncombe) John Baxter 

1858 49th (See Buncombe) Valentine Ripley 

I860 49th (See Buncombe) Joseph P. Jordan 

1862 49th ( See Buncombe) Alexander Henry 

1864 49th (See Buncombe) M. M. Patton 

1865 49th (See Buncombe) James Blythe 

1866 49th (See Transylvania) James Blythe 

1868 40th James Blythe W. D. Justus 



Members of the General Assembly. 649 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1870 40th (See Buncombe) Brownlow Morris 

1872 41st (See Haywood) James Blythe 

1874 41st T. W. Taylor Jam.es Blythe 

1876 41st (See Transylvania) J. L. Hood 

1879 41st T. W. Taylor T. F. Bird 

1881 41st ( See Transylvania) J. L. Hood 

1883 41st W. W. Jones B. F. Posey 

1885 41st (See Haywood) W. D. Whitted 

1887 41st (See Transylvania) Hamilton G. Ewart 

1889 41st M. C. Toms John G. Grant 

1891 41st (See Haywood) J. W. Anderson 

1893 34th (See Swain) J. Williams 

1895 34th (See Jackson) Hamilton G. Ewart 

1897 34th H. S. Anderson Jerome B. Freeman 

1899 34th (See Swain) M. S. Justus 

1901 34th (See Jackson) O. V. F. Blythe 

1903 33d (See Cleveland & Polk) . .J. B. Freeman 

1905 33d Charles F. Toms Wiley C. Rector 

1907 33d (See Cleveland & Polk) . .Wiley C. Rector 

1909 33d McD. Ray Jesse S. Rhodes 

1911 33d ( See Cleveland & Polk) . . Hamilton G. Ewart 

1913 32d T. B. Allen J. P. Patton 

HERTFORD. 

Hertford county was formed in 1759 from Chowan, Bertie, and 
Northampton. Was named in honor of Francis Seymour Conway, 
Marquis of Hertford, an English nobleman. He was a brother of 
General Conway, a distinguished British soldier and member of Par- 
liament, who favored the repeal of the Stamp Act. The word Hert- 
ford is said to mean "Red Ford." Winton is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 
Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Robert Sumner Joseph Dickenson 

James Garrett 



650 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1778 Robert Sumner William Baker 

Arthur Cotton 
1779 George Wynn William Wynns 

Arthur Gotten 
1780 John Baker 

Pleasant Jordan 

James Manney 
1781 Pleasant Jordan Lewis Brown^ 

Thomas Brickells 
1782 John Baker Louis Brown 

John Brickell 
1783 John Brickell Lewis Brown 

Thomas Brickell 
1784, Apr Hardy Murfreei- William Hilli2 

Thomas Brickell 
1784, Oct John Baker William Hill 

Thomas Brickell 
1785 James Manney 

Robert Montgomery 
1786 Thomas Wynns William Hills 

Thomas Brickell 
1787 Wynns Thomas Wynns 

Robert Montgomery 
1788 Robert Montgomery Henry Baker 

Henry Hill 
1789 Thomas Wynnsis Robert Montgomery 

Henry Baker 
1790 Thomas Wynns Robert Montgomery 

Henry Hill 
1791 Thomas Wynns Robert Montgomery 

Henry Hill 
1792 Thomas Wynns Henry Hill 

James Jones 
1793 Thomas Wynns Jethro Darden 

Henry Hill 



Members of the General Assembly. 651 

Year Senators Representatives 

1794 Thomas Wynns Robert Montgomery 

Jethro Darden 
1795 Thomas Wynns Robert Montgomery 

Henry Hill 
1796 Thomas Wynns Henry Hill 

Robert Montgomery 
1797 Thomas Wynns James Jones 

Jethro Darden 
1798 Thomas Wynns Robert Montgomery 

James Jones 
1799 Thomas Wynns .Robert Montgomery 

James Jones 
1800 Thomas Wynns Robert Montgomery 

James Jones 
1801 Robert Montgomery James Jones 

Abner Perry 
1802 Robert Montgomery James Jones 

Abner Perry 
1803 Robert Montgomery James Jones 

Abner Perry 
1804 Robert Montgomery Abner Perry 

James Jones 
1805 Robert Montgomery James Jones 

William Murfree 
1806 Robert Montgomery James Jones 

Abner Perry 
1807 Robert Montgomery Lewis Walters 

Abner Perry 

1808 Robert Montgomeryi^. . . .Lewis Walters 

Thomas Wynns Abner Perry 

1809 Thomas Wynns Boon Felton 

Abner Perry 
1810 Thomas Perry Boon Felton 

William H. Boyceis 

Jethro Darden 



652 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1811 Thomas Wynns Boon Felton 

William Jones 
1812 Thomas Wynns William H. Murfree 

Jethro Darden 
1813 Thomas Wynns William Jones 

Boon Felton 
1814 Thomas Wynns William Jones 

Boon Felton 
1815 Thomas Wynns Thomas Deans 

V/illiam Jones 
1816 Thomas Wynns William Jones 

Thomas Deans 
1817 Thomas Wynns Boon Felton 

Thomas Maney 
1818 Boon Felton John H. Fraser 

Bridger J. Montgomery 
1819 John H. Fraser Bridger J. Montgomery 

Isaac Carter 
1820 . -. . . 1 homas Deans Isaac Carter 

James Copeland 
1821 David E. Sumner James Copeland 

James D. Wynns 
1822 David E. Sumner Isaac Carter 

Lewis M. Jiggitts 
1823 David E. Sumner James Copeland 

John Vann 
1824 James Copeland John Vann 

Isaac Carter 
1825 James Copeland John "Vann 

Isaac Carter 
1826 Elisha H. Sharp Bridger J. Montgomery 

Leonard Martin 
1827 David O. Askew Bridger J. Montgomery 

John H. V/heeler 
1828 David O. Askew Bridger J. Montgomery 

John H. Wheeler 



Members of the General Assembly. 653 

Year , Senators Representatives 

1829 Bridger J. Montgomery.. .John H. Wheeler 

Elisha A. Chamlee 
1830 Jacob Hare John H. Wheeler 

Isaac Carter 
1831 Bridger J. Montgomery.. .Elisha A. Chamlee 

Godwin C. Moore 
1832 Bridger J. Montgomery.. .Isaac Carter 

Thomas V. Roberts 
1833 John Vann Isaac Carter 

Sipha Smith 
1834 George W. Montgomery.. .Isaac Carter 

Sipha Smith 
1835 John Vann Roscius C. Borland 

Kenneth Rayner 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1836 6th George W. Montgomery. .Kenneth Rayner 

1838 6th Thomas B. Sharp. ... Kenneth Rayner 

1840 6th B. T. Spiers William N. H. Smith 

1842 6th Godwin C. Moore Starkey Sharpe 

1844 6th Richard G. Cowper Jacob Sharpe 

1846 6th Richard G. Cowper Kenneth Rayner 

1848 6th William N. H. Smith Kenneth Rayner 

1850 6th D. V. Sessoms Kenneth Rayner 

1852 6th Richard G. Cowper W. L. Daniel 

1854 6th Kenneth Rayner W. L. Daniel 

1856 6th Richard G. Cowper Joseph B. Slaughter 

1858 6th Richard G. Cowper William N. H. Smith 

1860 6th Joseph B. Slaughter Jesse J. Yeates 

1862 6th Joseph B. Slaughter John A. Vann 

1864 6th J. M. Wynns John A. Vann 

1865 6th Richard G. Cowper Yv'illiam N. H. Smith 

1866 6th Joseph B. Slaughter Godwin C. Moore 

1868 5th (See Bertie) Thomas Snipes 

1870 5th (See Bertie) W. D. NewsomsT 



654 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-! Senators Representatives 

1872 1st ( See Pasquotank and James Sharp 

Camden) 

1874 1st Thomas R. Jernigan Solomon Parker 

1876 1st (See Currituck and J. J. Horton 

Chowan) 

1879 1st George H. Mitchell J. J. Horton 

1881 1st (See Gates & Currituck) .E. T. Snipes 

1883 1st (See Gates & Currituck) .George H. Mitchell 

1885 1st (See Gates and Chowan) .R. W. Winborne 

1887 1st W. P. Shaw E. T. Snipes 

1889 1st W. P. Shaw James L. Anderson 

1891 1st (See Gates & Currituck) .James S. [L.] Anderson 

1893 1st (See Gates and Camden) .William P. Taylor 

1895 1st E. T. Snipes Benjamin B. Winborne 

1897 1st John F. Newsome Starkey Hare 

1899 1st George Cowper Isaac F. Snipes 

1901 1st (See Currituck and L.J.Lawrence 

Chowan) 
1903 1st (See Chowan and Pas- -John E. Vann 

quotank) 
1905 1st (See Chowan and Curri- Benjamin B. Winborne 

tuck) 

1907 1st (See Gates & Pasquotank) Benjamin B. Winborne 

1909 1st (See Gates & Pasquotank) David C. Barnes 

1911 1st David C. Barnes William P. Taylor 

1913. .... .1st David C. Barnes J. T. Williams 

HOKE. 

Hoke county was formed in 1911 from Cumberland and Robeson. 
Was named in honor of Robert P. Hoke, of North Carolina, Major- 
General in the Confederate States Army. Raeford is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District'^^ Senator Representative 

1913 13th (See Cumberland) Thomas McBryde 



Members of the General Assembly. 655 

HYDE. 

Hyde county was formed in 1705 from Bath. Called Wlckham 
until about 1712. Named Hyde in honor of Governor Edward Hyde, 
of North Carolina, a grandson of the Earl of Clarendon. The Earl 
was one of the Lords Proprietors. Governor Hyde was a first cousin 
of Queen Anne. The county seat is Swan Quarter. 

Members of the General Assembly. 
Year Senators Representatives 

1777 William Russell John Jordan2 

Joseph Hancocki 

Benjamin Parmele 
1778 William Russell Abraham Jones 

Joseph Hancock 
1779 William Russell Joseph Hancock 

Benjamin Parmele"* 
1780 William Russell* Rotheas Latham 

George Barrow 
1781 William Russellf* Rotheas Latham^ 

Robert Jennetfs 
1782 Abraham Jones Robert Jennett 

John Eborne 
1783 William Russell John Eborne 

Benjamin Parmele 

1784, Apr Abraham Jonesis John Ebornei- 

1784, Oct Abraham Jones John Eborne 

William Russell 
1785 Abraham Jones John Eborne 

Thomas Jordan, Jr. 
1786 Abraham Jones John Eborne 

Southey Rew 
1787 Abraham Jones John Eborne 

Southey Rew^* 

1788 •• .. 

1789 John Ebornei2 Michael Peters 

John Alderson 



656 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1790 James Jasper 

Michael Peters 
1791 John Eborne James Jasper 

Michael Peters 
1792 Benjamin Russell James Jasper 

James Watson 
1793 James Jasper James Watson 

Simon Alderson 
1794 James Jasper James Watson 

Hutchins Selby 
1"95 Henr-y Selby : James Watson 

Simon Alderson 
1796 Henry Selby James Watson 

Thomas Jordan 
1797 Pxenry Selby Simon Alderson 

James Watson 
1798 Joseph Masters Seldon Jasper 

William Clarke 
1799 Henry Selby John Jordan 

William Clarke 
1800 Joseph Masters John Jordan 

Adam Gaskins 
1801 Henry Selby John Satchwell 

John Jordan 
1802 Henry Selby John Satchwell 

David Carter 
1803 Henry Selby John Jordan 

David Carter 
1804 Henry Selby David Carter 

Thomas Spencer 
1805 John Jordan David Carter 

Zacheriah Jarvis 
1806 Henry Selby David Carter 

Zacheriah Jarvis 
1807 Henry Selby David Carter 

James Credle 



Members oe the General Assembly. 657 

Year Senators Representatives 

1808 Henry Selby David Carter 

James Watson 
1809 John B. Jasper James Watson 

David Carter 
1810 John B. Jasper John Adams 

David Carter 
1811 Benjamin Sanderson Thomas Spencer 

Zachery Eborn 
1812 Benjamin Sanderson Thomas Spencer 

John Adams 
1813 Benjamin Sanderson John Adams 

Thomas Spencer 
1814 Samuel Clarke Thomas Spencer 

William Jordan 
1815 Samuel Clarke \Villiam Jordan 

Thomas Spencer. 
1816 David Carter William Jordan 

Thomas Spencer 
1817 Benjamin P. Eborn Thomas Spencer 

William Jordan 
1818 Benjamin F. Eborn Marvel Wilkinson 

Matthias Credle 
1819 Benjamin F. Eborn Littlejohn Pugh 

Matthias Credle 
1820 Thomas Singleton Littlejohn Pugh 

Thomas Spencer 
1821 George W. Jordan Littlejohn Pugh 

Thomas Spencer 
1822 George W. Jordan Littlejohn Pugh 

William Watson 
1823 David Gibbs Littlejohn Pugh 

William Watson 
1824 David Gibbs William Watson 

Tillman Farrow 
1825 David Gibbs Littlejohn Pugh 

John J. Bonner 

42 



658 State OFFiciAiiS. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1826 Benjamin Foreman Tillman Farrow 

John J. Bonners 
1827 .Benjamin Sanderson Wallace D. Styron 

John B. Jasper 
1828 Littlejohn Pugh Wallace D. Styron 

John B. Jasper 
1829 Benjamin Sanderson Foster Jarvis 

Marvel Wilkinson 
1830 William Selby, Sr Thomas S. Singleton 

Foster Jarvis 
1831 William Selby Thomas S. Singleton 

Foster Jarvis 
1832 Caleb Spencer Daniel Murray 

Foster Jarvis 
1833 Dameron Pugh ...Daniel Murray 

John B. Jasper 
1834 Caleb Spencer Benjamin Watson 

John L. Swindell 
1835 William Selby John L. Swindell 

Richard M. G. Moore 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1836 19th (See Beaufort) Tillman Farrow 

1838 19th (See Beaufort) Tillman Farrow 

1840 19th William Selby Tillman Farrow 

1842 19th Wilson B. Hodges Andrew Shanklin 

1844 12th (See Beaufort) Wilson Credle 

1846 12th David Carter Wilson Credle 

1848 12th (See Beaufort) Tillman Farrow 

1850 12th (See Beaufort) .Erasmus H. Sanderson 

1852 12th Riley Murray R. J. Wynne 

1854 4th (See Tyrrell) Milton Selby 

1856 4th Francis M. Burges Joseph C. Jennett 

1858 4th (See Tyrrell) Tillman Farrow 

1860 4th (See Tyrrell) Tillman Farrow 



I 



Members of the General Assembly. 659 

Senatorial 
Year District^^ Senators Representatives 

1862 4th (See Tyrrell) Edward L. Mann " 

1864 4th Edward L. Mann H. S. Gibbg 

1865 4th Tillman Farrow 

1866 4th (See Tyrrell) Peleg Spencer 

1868 3d (See Beaufort) Tillman Farrow 

1870 3d (See Beaufort) W. A. Lucas 

1872 2d (See Beaufort) William S. Carter 

1874 2d Milton S. Selby A. J. Smith 

1876 2d (See Tyrrell and Wash- William S. Carter 

ington) 

1879 2d (See Beaufort & Martin) .Theodore P. Bonner 

1881 2d (See Washington and Abram Cox 

Beaufort) 

1883 2d (See Martin & Pamlico) .J. B. Baum 

1885 2d P. H. Simmons J. B. Watson 

1887 2d (See Tyrrell & Beaufort) J. B. Watson 

1889 2d W. H. Lucas Metrah Makely 

1891 2d W. H. Lucas Julian S. Mann 

1893 2d (See Beaufort and Wash-D. H. Carter 

ington) 

1895 2d. .... .J. B. Parsons John G. Harris 

1897 2d (See Washington and' John G. Harris 

Martin) 
1899 2d (See Washington and Claude W. Davis 

Pamlico) 
1901 2d (See Washington and Julian S. Mann 

Pamlico) 

1903 2d S. S. Mann W. H. Lucas 

1905 2d (See Martin & Beaufort) .Walter Jones 

1907 2d (See Martin and Dare) . .C. W. Davis 

1909 2d (See Martin & Beaufort) .John W. McWilliams 

1911 2d Robert N. Cartwright John W. McWilliams 

1913 2d (See Martin & Beaufort) .Monroe Clayton 



660 State Officials. 



IREDELL. 

Iredell county was formed in 1788 from Rowan. Named in honor 
of James Iredell, of Edenton, who was one of the foremost lawyers 
of the State. In 1788 and 1789 he was one of the leaders in the 
State in advocating the adoption of the Constitution of the United 
States. His speeches in the Convention of 1788 at Hillsboro were 
among the ablest delivered by any of the advocates of the Constitu- 
tion. Washington appointed him in 1790 a Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States. The county seat of Iredell county is 
Statesville. 

Members of the Genebal Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1789 John Nesbitt Adam Brevard 

Mussendine Matthews 
1790 John Nesbitt David Caldwell 

Mussendine Matthews 
1791 David Caldwell Mussendine Ma^tthews 

Alexander Worke 
1792 David Caldwell Mussendine Matthews 

Bui-gess Gaither 
1793 John Huggins James Crawford 

Mussendine Matthews 
1794 John Huggins Mussendine Matthews 

Alexander Worke 
1795 John Huggins Mussendine Matthews 

Alexander Worke 
1796 David Caldwell Burgess Gaither 

Mussendine Matthews 
1797 David Caldwell Mussendine Matthews 

Burgess Gaither 
1798 David Caldwell Burgess Gaither 

Mussendine Matthews 
1799 John Huggins Mussendine Matthews 

Burgess Gaither 



Members of the General Assembly. 



661 



Year Senators Representatives 

1800 Ephraim Davidson Archibald Sloan 

Burgess Gaither 
1801 Ephraim Davidson Mussendine Ms.tthews 

Burgess Gailher 
1802 Ephraim Davidson Archibald Sloan 

Mussendine Matthews 
1803 Ephraim Davidson Archibald Sloan 

George Lee Davidson 
1804 David Caldwell William Young 

George Lee Davidson 
1805 John Huggins George J^ee Davidson 

William Young 
1806 John Huggins George Lee Davidson 

Andrew Caldwell 
1807 John Huggins George Lee Davidson 

Andrew Caldwell 
1808 James Hart George Lee Davidson 

Andrew Caldwell ■ 
1809 James Hart George Lee Davidson 

Samuel King 
1810 James Hart Andrew Caldwell 

George Lee Davidson 
1811 Joseph Guy George Lee Davidson 

Samuel King 
1812 Andrew Caldwell Samuel King 

James Stewart 
1813 Andrew Caldwell Samuel King 

James Stewart 
1814 Samuel King 

James Stewart 
1815 John Huggins James Stewart 

Samuel King 
1816 James Campbell Samuel King 

David Franklin Caldwell 
1817 Charles D. Connor David Franklin Caldwell 

Samuel King 



662 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1818 Charles D. Connor Samuel King 

David Franklin Caldwell 
1819 Charles D. Connor Samuel King 

David Franklin Caldwell 
1820 Charles D. Connor Azariah Beall 

Theophilus Falls 
1821 James Campbell Asa Beall 

James Hill 
1822 Alexander Torrence William Harbin 

Asa Beall 
1823 Alexander Torrence James Hill 

Asa Beall 
1824 George L. Davidson Asa Beall 

James Hill 
1825 George L. Davidson James L. Hill 

Alexander Torrence 
1826 Samuel King Richard Allison 

Alexander Torrence 
1827 Abner Franklin William Falls 

William J. Summers 
1828 Abner Franklin Richard Allison 

Joseph M. Bogle 
1829 Thomas A. Allison Joseph M. Bogle 

William King 
1830 Pinckney Caldwell Joseph M. Bogle 

Richard Allison 
1831 Pinckney Caldwell George F. Davidson 

Joseph M. Bogle 
1832 Thomas A. Allison Solomon Lowdermilk 

George F. Davidson 
1833 Joseph P. Caldwell James A. King 

William Potts 
1834 Joseph P. Caldwell Solomon Lowdermilk 

James A. King 
1835 John M. Young James A. King 

Solomon Lowdermilk 



Members of the General Assembly. 663 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1836 47tii George F. Davidson James A. King 

Solomon Lowdermilk 
Theophilus H. Campbell 

1838 47th George F. Davidson Joseph P. Caldwell 

John A. Long 

John H. McLaughlin 

1840 47th R H. Parks Joseph P. Caldwell 

John A. Young 
J. H. McLaughlin 

1842 47th Thomas Allison Joseph P. Caldwell 

John A. Young 
John H. McLaughlin 

1844 45th Joseph M. Bogle Rufus Reid 

William Emmerson 
Wm. [Wesley] H. George 

1846 45th Joseph M. Bogle Rufus Reid 

Wesley H. George 
William H. Haynes 

1848 45th George F. Davidson Robert G. McDowell 

Alexander C. Mcintosh 
E. Mansfield Campbell 

1850 45th George F. Davidson Joseph M. Bogle 

G. G. McKay 

E. Mansfield Campbell 

1852 45th R. H. Parks William Turner 

v. Teague 

J. R. B. Adams 

1854 45th (See Wilkes) J. R. B. Adams 

William Turner 
V. Teague 

1856 45th R. H. Parks Leander Q. Sharpe 

Asa B. F. Gaither 

1858 45th (See Wilkes) Absalom Knox Sim.onton 

Asa B. F. Gaither 

1860 45th L. Q. Sharpe Absalom Knox Siraonton 

Asa B. F. Gaither 



664 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-" Senators Representatives 

1862 45th L. Q. Sharpe Thomas A. Allison 

John Young 
1864 45th (See Alexander) Thomas A. Allison 

Leander Q. Sharpe 
1865 45th (See Alexander) Leander Q. Sharpe 

J. A. Rosehoro 
1866.. ...45th J. H. Hill J. A. Rosehoro 

J. H. Stevenson 
1868 36th J. H. McLaughlin T. A. Nicholson 

George Davidson 
1870 36th (See Alexander) T. A. Nicholson 

J. H. Hill 
1872 34th Thomas A. Nicholson C. L. Shinn 

C. L. Turner 
1874 34th R. F. Armiield A. P. Gaither 

A. C. Sharpe 
1876 34th (See Alexander & Wilkes) A. F. Gaither 

A. C. Sharpe 
1879 34th (See Alexander) J. D. Click 

J. McCorkle 
1881 34th T. S. Tucker J. D. Click 

A. F. Gaither 
1883 34th J. F. Dotson Augustus Leazar 

A. C. Tomlin 
1885 34th J. F. Dotson John B. Holman 

Augustus Leazar 
1887 34th W. D. Turner John B. Hoiman 

Augustus Leazar 
1889 34th W. D. Turner Augustus Leazar 

John B. Holman 
1891 34th W. D. Turner John B. Holman 

Thomas J. Williams 
1893 27th R. B. McLaughlin John R. McClelland 

R. E. King 
1895 27th A. C. Sharpe T. M. Stikeleather 

LeRoy Morrow 



Membkrs of the General Assembly. 665 

Senatorial 
Year District^! Senators Representatives 

1897 27th A. C. Sharpe S. [James] A. Haitness 

John R. McClelland 
1899 27th James A. Butler John B. Holman 

Thomas J. Williams 
1901 27th T. M. Stikeleather S. W. Stevenson 

A. D. Watts 
1903 30th R. B. McLaughlin S. W Stevenson 

A. D. V/atts 
1905 30th Zebulon V. Long T. M. C. Davidson 

Zebulon V. Turlington 
1907 30th Zebulon V. Long T. M. C. Davideon 

Zebulon V. Turlington 
1909 30th Zebulon V. Long Zebulon V. Turlington 

Notley D. Tomlin 
1911 30th Zebulon V. Long Zebulon V. Turlington 

Notley D. Tomlin 

1913 29th A. D. Wattsss H. P. Grier 

Dorman Thompson T. N. Hall 

JACKSON 

Jackson county was formed in 1851 from Haywood and Macon. 
Named in honor of Andrew Jackson, who was born in Mecklenburg 
county (the site of his birthplace is now in Union), won the brilliant 
victory over the British at New Orleans in 1815, and was twice 
elected President of the United States. The county seat is Webster. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1854 50th William H. Thomas Thaddous D. Bryson 

1856 50th William H. Thomas John Ramsay Dills 

1858 50th William H. Thomas Thaddeus D. Bryson 

1860 50th William H. Thomas James R. Love, Jr.21 

Allen Fisher 
1862 50th ( See Macon) Joseph Keener 



% 



666 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1864 50th (See Cherokee) W. A. Enloe 

1865 50th Joseph Keener Thadcleus D. Bryson ) 

1866 50th James R. Love •. Thaddeus D. Bryson 

1868 43d (See Macon) Joseph Keener^ 

E. M. Painter 

1870 43d (See Macon) Thaddeus D. Bryson 

1872 42d (See Macon) J. N. Bryson 

1874 42d James R. Love E. D. Davis 

1876 42d (See Macon) G. W. Spake 

1879 42d (See Macon) P. H. Leatherwood 

1881 42d ( See Cherokee) J. W. Terrell 

1883 42d (See Cherokee) James M. Candler 

1885 42d (See Cherokee) R. H. Brown 

1887 42d (See Macon) James M. Candler 

1889 42d L. J. Smith W. A. Dills 

1891 42d (See Cherokee) Coleman C. Cowan 

1893 34th (See Swain) Walter E. Moore 

1895 34th James M. Candler James Thomas 

1897 34th (See Henderson) John C. Ensley 

1899 34th (See Swain) Walter E. Moore 

1901 34th James M. Candler Walter E. Moore 

1903 38th James H. Cathey Coleman C. Cowan 

1905 38th (See Haywood) Felix E. Alley 

1907 38th (See Transylvania) James M. Candler 

1909 38th (See Swain) Robert F. Jarrett 

1911 38th Thomas A. Coxe Frank H. Brown 

1913 37th (See Haywood) M. O. Wike 



Members of the General Assembly. 667 



JOHNSTON. 

Johnston county was formed in 1746 from Craven. Afterwards 
parts of Duplin and Orange were added. Was named in honor of 
Gabriel Johnston, Governor of North Carolina from 1734 to 1752. 
The county seat is Smithfield. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 Needham Bryan Henry Rains 

Alexander Averitt 
1778 .Needham Bryan William Bryani 

John Bryan, Jr.s 
1779 Samuel Smith Lewis Bryans 

Philip Raifords 
1780 Benjamin Williams James Lockhart 

John Whitley 
1781 Benjamin Williams Joseph Boon 

Hardy Bryan 
1762 Thomas Gay Arthur Bryan 

Nathan Williams 
1783 Hardy Bryan Arthur Bryan 

Nathan Williams 
1784, Apr Benjamin Williamsi^ Samuel Smith 

Arthur Bryan 
1784, Oct Benjamin Williams Joseph Qoon 

Kedar Powell 
1785 Arthur Bryan Hardy Bryan 

Benjamin Williams 
1786 Benjamin Williams William Avera 

Needham Bryan 
1787 Joseph Boon Everett Pierce 

William Bridges 
1788 Arthur Bryan William Ward 

John Bryan, Jr. 
1789 Arthur Bryanis Benjamin Williams ' 

John Bryan, Jr. 



668 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1790 Matthias Handy 

Hardy Bryan 
1791 Thomas Gray Everett Pierce 

Lovard Bryan 
1792 Hardy Bryan Everett Pierce 

Lovard Bryan 
1793 Hardy Bryan William Hackney 

Joseph Ingram 
1794 Samuel Smith John Whitley 

Richard Rivers 
1795 Samuel Smith Everett Pierce 

John Whitley 
1796 Samuel Smith Matthias Handy 

Richard Rivers 
1797 Samuel Smith Matthias Handy 

John Williams 
1798 Samuel Smith John Williams 

Joseph Ingram 
1799 Samuel Smith John Williams 

Calvin Jones 
1800 Samuel Smith John Williams 

Joseph Ingram 

1801 John Williams John Smith 

Richard Rivers 

1802 John Williams Calvin Jones 

• John A. Smith 

1803 John Williams Edwin Smith 

1804 John Williams John A. Smith 

Isaac Williams 
1805 John Williams John A. Smith 

Joseph Ingram 
1806 Samuel Smith Robert Gulley 

John Sanders 
1807 Robert Gulley, Jr Joseph Richardson 

John Boon, Jr. 



Members of the General Assembly. 669 

Year Senators Representatives 

1808 John Williams Joseph. Richardson 

Joseph Boon 
1809 John Williams Samuel Norsworthy 

Joseph Richardson 
1810 John Williams Samuel Norsworthy 

Henry Guy 
1811 John Williams Henry Guy 

Samuel Norsworthy 
1812 Ellick Sanders Joseph Ingram 

William Bryan 
1813 John Williams William Bryan 

Jesse Adams 
1814 William Bryan Jesse Adams 

John A. Smith 
1815 William Hinton Jesse Adams 

Henry Bryan 
1816 John Williams Jesse Adams 

Henry Bryan 
1817 John Williams Henry Bryan 

Jesse Adams 
1818 Reuben Sanders Robert H. Helme 

John Atkinson 

1819 John Williams2i Philip Raiford 

Jesse Adams Henry Bryan 

1820 Jesse Adams-3 John McLeod 

Joseph Richardson 
1821 Joseph Richardson John McLeod 

Hilary Wilder 
1822 Joseph Richardson Hardy Adams 

Samuel Lee 
1823 John McLeod Robert H. Helme 

Hilary Wilder 
1824 John McLeod Hilary Wilder 

Robert H. Helme 
1825 Reuben Sanders Kinchen Q. Adams 

Hilary Wilder 



670 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1826 Reuben Sanders Hilary Wilder 

Kinchen Q. Adams 
1827 David Thomason Hilary Wilder 

Kinchen Q. Adams 
1828 David Thomason Hilary AVilder 

Josiah O. Watson 
1829 Reuben Sanderss Hilary Wilder 

Allen Richardson 
1830 Hilary Wilder Josiah Holder 

Kedar Whitley 
1831 .David Thomason Josiah Holder 

Ashley Sanders 
1832 Hilary Wilder John McLeod 

Josiah Adams 
1833 Hilary Wilder John McLeod 

Josiah Holder 
1834 Hilary Wilder James Tomlinson 

Josiah Holder 
1835. Josiah Holder James Tomlinson 

Kedar Whitley 

Senatorial 
Year District^-! Senators Representatives 

1836 13th Josiah Holder James Tomlinson 

Kedar Wnitley 

1838 13th Josiah Holder John F. Ellington 

James Tomlinson 

1840 13th Josiah Holder Jesse Adams 

James Tomlinson 

1842 13th James Tomlinson Lunsford Richardson 

Kedar Whitley 

1844 23d James Tomlinson Jesse Adams 

Lunsford Richardson 

1846 23d James Tomlinson Lunsford Richardson 

Ashby Sanders 

1848 23d William H. Watson Andrew J. Leach 

Linn B. Sanders 



Members of the General Assembly. 671 

Senatorial 
Year BistricW Senators Representatives 

1850 23d William H. Watson Andrew J. Leach 

Linn B. Sanders 
1852 23d William H. Watson Willis H. Sanders 

S. Goodwin 
1854 23d William H. Watson Burness H. Tomlinson 

Asa Barnes 
1856 23d Linn B. Sanders Burness H. Tomlinson 

Asa Barnes 
1858 23d J. T. Leach Willis H. Sanders 

Burness H. Tomlinson 

1860 23d J. W. B. Watson William H. Watson 

\ James Mitchiner 

[ 1862 23d C. B. Sanders Seth Woodall 

\ ' W. H. Avera 

1864 23d Thomas D. Sneed W. A. Smith 

W. G. Banks 
1865 23d Thomas D. Sneed Charles Eeasley 

John R. Coats 
1866 23d Thomas D. Sneed Perry Godwin 

B. R. Hinnant 
1868 17th J. B. Cook B. R. Hinnant 

Edward W. Pou 
1870 17th L. R. Waddell Jesse Hinnant 

W. H. Joyner 
1872 17th W. H. Avera Jesse Hinnant 

W. H. Joyner 
1874 17th L. R. Waddell E. J. Holt 

E. A. Bizzell 
1876 17th L. R. Waddell .H. J. Ryals 

Farquard Smith 
1879 17th L. R. Waddell E. A. Bizzell 

E. J. Holt 
1881 17th J. J. Harper J. T. Ellington 

W. H. Joyner 
1883 17th William Richardson Jesse Brown 

H. M. Johnson 



672 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Tear District-^' Senators Representatives 

1885 17th.. ...Ashley Home J. W. Perry 

James H Pou 
1887 17th James H. Pou Edward S. Abell 

John Sanders 
1889 17th James H. Pou Josephus Johnson 

B. A. Wellons 
1891 17th W. N. Rose, Jr R. H. Gower 

Charles F. Kirby 
1893 13th James H. Pou R. B. Whitley 

J. Y. Lawhon 
1895 13th Edward S. Abell J. W. Vick 

Rufus Saunders 
1897 13th Edward S. Abell Charles M. Creech 

Claude W. Smitfi 
1899 13th J. A. T. Jones J. F. Brown 

D. G. Johnson 
1901 13th Allen K. Smith J. M. Morgan 

Clarence W. Richardson 
1903 15th C. W. Richardson Edward S. Abell 

Joseph W. Wood 
1904 15th J. A. T. Jones Romulus H. Gower 

James P. Canady 
1907 15th C. M. Wilson Josephus Johnson 

George L. Jones 

1909 ir.th (See. Sampson and Har- J. Walter Myatt 

nett) Josiah W. Barnes 

1911 15th 0. A. Barber Linville H. Allred 

"Ashley Home 
1913 14th O. A. Barber Linville H. Allred 

C. M. Wilson 



Members of the General Assembly. 673 



JONES. 

Jones county was formed in 1778 from Craven. Was named in 
honor of Willie Jones, of Halifax. He was one of the leading 
patriots of the Revolution, was President of the Council of Safety, 
and was opposed to the adoption of the Constitution of the United 
States. It was due to his influence that the Convention of 1788 re- 
jected it. The county seat is Trenton. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1779 Abner Nashi Frederick Hargett 

Samuel H. Lincoln 
1780 Frederick Hargett 

John Isler 

1781 Nathan Bryan Frederick Hargett 

1782 Nathan Bryan Abner Nash^ 

1783 Nathan Bryan Frederick Hargett 

William Randall 
1784, Apr Frederick Hargettis William Randalli-' 

Abner Nash 
1784, Oct Frederick Hargett Abner Nash 

William Randall 
1785 Frederick Hargett Abner Nash 

John Isler 
1786 Frederick Hargett William Randall 

John Isler 
1787 Frederick Hargett Nathan Bryan 

William Randall 
1788 > Frederick Hargett William Randall 

John Hill Bryan 
1789 Frederick Hargetti2 John Hill Bryan 

Jacob Johnston 
1790 Frederick Hargett Edward Bryan 

David WJtherspoon 
1791 Frederick Hargett Nathan Bryan 

Edward Bryan 

43 



674 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1792 Frederick Hargett Edward Bryan 

Nathan Bryan 
1793 Frederick Hargett Nathan Bryan 

Joseph Hatch 
1794 John Isler Nathan Bryan 

George Pollock 
1795 John Hatch William Bush 

Benjamin Fordham 
1796 John Hatch William Bush 

Benjamin Fordham 
1797 John Hatch William Bush 

Amos Johnston 
1798 William Bush Amos Johnston 

Benjamin Fordham 
1799 Edmund Hatch Benjamin Harrison 

Amos Simmons 
1800 Durant Hatch Amos Johnston 

John T. Bryan 
1801 Durant Hatch Amos Johnston 

Thomas Dudley 
1802 Durant Hatch Benjamin Fordham 

John Isler 
1803 Durant Hatch Benjamin Fordham 

Enoch Foy 
1804 Durant Hatch Benjamin Fordham 

Enoch Foy 
1805 Durant Hatch Edward Bryan 

Thomas P. Ives 
1806 Durant Hatch Thomas P. Ives 

Frederick Foscue 
1807 Enoch Foy James C. Bryan 

Edmund Hatch 
1808 Enoch Foy James C. Bryan 

Edmund Hatch 
1809 Durant Hatch James C. Bryan 

Leander Simmons 



Members of the General Assembly. 675 

Tear Senators Representatives 

1810 Benjamin Simmons Christopher Bryan 

James C. Bryan 
1811 Edmund Hatch 

Christopher Bryan 
1812 Durant Hatch Josiah Howard 

Cliristopher Bryan 
1813 Enoch Foy James G. Bryan 

Christopher Bryan 
1814 Christopher Bryan William McDaniel 

Hardy Perry 
1815 James Shine Hardy Perry 

William McDaniel 
1816 James Shine John B. W. Smith 

William McDaniel 
1817 John Simmons William McDaniel 

John B. W. Smiths 

Leander Simmons 
1818 Lewis Foscue Risden [M.] McDaniel 

McLindall Jarman 
1819 Lewis Foscue Risden [M.] McDaniel 

Edmund Hatch 
1820 Lewis Foscue Risden [M.] McDaniel 

Emanuel Jarman 
1821 Durant Hatch , Emanuel Jarman 

Risden [M.] McDaniel 
1822 Durant Hatch Risden [M.] McDaniel 

Emanuel Jarman 
1823 Durant Hatch Risden [M.] McDan'el 

Emanuel Jarman 
1824 Risden [M.] McDaniel .... Emanuel Jarman 

Amos W. Simmonsis 

James N. Smith 
1825 Risden M. McDaniel Lemuel H. Simmons 

James N. Smith 
1826 Risden M. McDaniel Owen B. Cox 

Enoch Foy 



676 State Officials. 

Tear Senators Representatives 

1827 Risden M. McDaniel O'Brien Cox 

Enoch Foy 
1828 Risden M. McDaniel Owen B. Cox 

Emmanuel Jarman 
1829 Risden [M.] McDaniel. ...Owen B. Cox 

Alfred Stanly 
1830 Risden M. McDaniel Nathan B. Bush 

Owen B. Cox 
1831 Risden M. McDaniel Owen B. Cox 

James W. Howard 

1832 James Harrison Nathan Foscue 

, John H. Hammond 

1833 James Harrison Nathan Foscue 

John H. Hammond 
1834 James Harrison Nathan Foscue 

James W. Howard 
1835 James Harrison John H. Hammond 

James W. Howard 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1836 20th (See Carteret) James W. Howard 

1838 20th Enoch Foy William Huggins 

1840 20th (See Carteret) William Huggins 

1842 20th James W. Howard Calvin Koonce 

1844 14th (See Carteret) Vv^illiam Foy 

1846 14th James W. Howard William Foy 

1848 14th (See Carteret) Calvin Koonce 

1850 14th (See Carteret) F. G. Simmons 

1852 14th (See Carteret) William P. Ward 

1854 14th Richard Oldfield F. G. Simmons 

1856 14th William P. Ward William A. Cox 

1858 14th William P. Ward William A. Cox 

I860 14th (See Carteret) William P. Ward 

1862 14th (See Carteret) Anthony E. Rhodes 

1864 14th (See Carteret) F. G. Simmons 

1865 14th (See Carteret) F. G. Simmons 



I 



;*: 



Members of the General Assembly. 677 

Senatorial 
Year District^^ Senators Representatives 

1866 14th Calvin Koonce Jacob F. Scott 

1868 11th D. D. Colgrove L. D. Wilkie 

1870 11th (See Lenoir) B. L. Bryan 

1872 9th (See Onslow) Jacob F. Scott 

1874 9th (See Carteret) Jacob F. Scott 

1876 9th Benjamin Askew Jacob F. Scott 

1879 9th (See Onslow) C. D. Foy 

1881 9th (See Carteret) E.R.Page 

1883 9th J. N. Whitford E. R. Page 

1885 9th ( See Onslow) P. M. Pearsall 

1887 9th (See Carteret) F. F. Green 

1889 9th Benjamin Brock E. M. Foscue 

1891 9th (See Onslow) Samuel Hudson 

1893 8th (See Lenoir & Carteret) .John C. Parker 

1895 8th (See Onslow) Frank Brown 

1897 8th (See Craven) H. F. Brown 

1899 8th ( See Craven and Lenoir) . G. G. Noble 

1901 8th Thomas D. Warren Alexander H. White 

1903 8th Thomas D. Warren Alexander H. White 

1905 8th (See Craven & Carteret) .Thomas D. Warren 

1907 8th (See Lenoir and Onslow) .John C. Parker 

1909 8th (See Lenoir and Onslow) .John C. Parker 

1911 8th (See Craven & Carteret) .Jackson K. Dickson 

1913 7th (See Craven & Carteret) .Jackson K. Dickson 

LEE. 

Lee county was formed in 1907 from Chatham and Moore. Named 
in honor of Robert E. Lee. The county seat is Laurinburg. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senator Representative 

1913 14th (See Johnston and Samp- A. A. F. Seawell 

son) 



678 State Officials. 



LENOIR. 

Lenoir county was formed in 1791 from Dobbs and Craven. Was 
named in honor of General William Lenoir, one of the heroes of 
King's Mountain. Kinston.is the county seat. 

Membebs of the Geneeal Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1792 Joshua Groom Isaac Groom 

William White 
1793 William Groom Isaac Groom 

William White 
1794 William Grooin William White 

Isaac Groom 
1795 William White Henry Goodman 

Simon Bruton 
1796 William White Shadrack Wooten 

Robert Gollier 
1797 Robert White Henry Goodman 

Probate Gollier 

1798 William Whiter Henry Goodman^ 

William Groom Probate Gollier 

James Westbrook 
1799 Simon Bruton John Tutle 

Hardy Groom 
1800 ". .Simon Bruton Hardy Groom 

William Easterling 
1801 Simon Bruton Shadrach Wooten 

Benjamin Witherington 
1802 Simon Bruton Benjamin Witherington 

William Goodman 
1803 Simon Bruton James Bright 

Allen Wooten 
1804 Simon Bruton James Bright 

Lazarus Pierce 
1805 William Groom James Bright 

Lazarus Pierce 



Members of the General Assembly. 67& 

Year Senators Representatives 

1806 William Croom James Bright 

Lazarus Pierce 
1807 William Croom Rigdon White 

John Wooten 
1808 Simon Bruton John Wooten 

William Branton 
1809 Simon Bruton John Wooten 

Lazarus Pierce 
1810 James Bright Francis Kilpatrick 

Alexander Mosely 
1811 James Bright Francis Kilpatrick 

Alexander Mosely 
1812 James Bright Abraham Croom 

Joseph Loften 
1813 Simon Bruton Francis Kilpatrick 

Joseph Loften 
1814 Simon Bruton *. . .Joseph Loften 

Nathan Byrd 
1815 Jesse H. Croom Joseph Loften 

Nathan Byrd 
1816 Joseph Loften John Mosely 

Blount Coleman 
1817 Simon Bruton James Cox 

Joshua Mosely 
1818 Simon Bruton John Whitfield 

John Williams 
1819 Joseph Loften James Cox 

John Williams 
1820 Joseph Loften Abraham Croom 

John Cobb 
1821 Abraham Croom Isaac TuU 

Nathan B. Whitfield 
1822 Nathan B. Whitfield William B. Kilpatrick 

James Cox 
1823 Nathan B. Whitfield Isaac Croom 

William B. Kilpatrick 



680 State Officials. 

Year • Senators Representatives 

1824 John Williams James Cox 

Robert W. Goodman 
1825 Nathan B. Whitfield Jesse Lassiter 

James Cox 
1826 Isaac Groom James Cox 

William B. Kilpatrick 
1827 Nathan B. Whitfield George Whitfield 

William B. Kilpatrick 
1828 Hardy B. Croom George Whitfield 

William B. Kilpatrick 
1829 William D. Moseley Allen W. Wooten 

Council Wooten 
1830 William D. Moseley Allen W. Wooten 

Council Wooten 
1831 William D. Moseley Council Wooten 

Allen M. Wooten 
1832 William D. Moseley Allen W. Wooten 

Council Wooten 
1833 William D. Moseley Blount Coleman 

Pinckney Hardie 
1834 William D. Moseley George Whitfield 

Windall Davis 
1835 William D. Moseley Windall Davis 

Council Wooten 
Senatorial 
Year District^! Senators Representatives 

1836 17th William D. Moseley Windall Davis 

1838 17th (See Greene) Windall Davis 

1840 17th James B. Whitfield Windall Davis 

1842 17th (See Greene) Windall Davis 

1844 15th (See Greene) Jesse Jackson 

1846 15th ( See Greene) Jesse Jackson 

1848 15th (See Greene) Council Wooten 

1850 15th (See Greene) William Sutton 

1852 15th (See Greene) William Sutton 

1854 15th ; (See Greene) William Sutton 



Members of the General Assembly. 681 

Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1856 15th (See Greene) Simou W. Bright 

1858 15th (See Greene) Nathan B. Whitfield 

1860 15th (See Greene) John C. Wooten 

1862 15th Edward Patrick V/illiam W. Dunn 

1864 15th (See Greene)...; Allen W. Wooten 

1865 1.5th John H. Coward William W. Dunn 

1866 15th John H. Coward R. F. Bright 

1868 11th (See Jones) Wallace Ames 

1870 11th R. W. King B. F. Parrottai 

W. F. Loftin 

1872 11th R. W. King Anthony Davis 

1874 11th (See Greene) I. F. Parrott 

1876 11th William W. Dunn J. K. Davis 

1879 11th (See Greene) William W. Dunn 

1881 11th R. W. King William W. Dunn 

1883 11th F. B. Loftin Dempsey Wood 

1885 11th F. M. Rountree J. W. Grainger 

1887 11th William Arthur M. A. Gray 

1889 11th John Warters Shade I. Wooten 

1891 11th (See Greene) Nathan B. Whitfield 

1893 8th G. F. Parrott E. J. Brooks 

1895 8th J. M. Mewborne Council S. Wooten 

1897 8th (See Craven) E. P. Houser 

1899 8th J. Q. Jackson W. W. Carraway 

1901 8th (See Greene and Jones) . .W. W. Carraway 

1903 8th John A. Pollock Shade Wooten 

1905 8th (See Craven & Carteret) .George Turner 

1907 8th Y. T. Ormond J. A. McDaniel 

1909 8th Y. T. Oj-mond Emmett R. Wooten 

1911 8th (See Craven & Carteret) .Emmett R. Wooten 

1913 7th (See Craven & Carteret) . Emmett R. Wooten 



682 State Officials. 



LINCOLN. 

Lincoln County was formed in 1779 from Tryon. Was named in 
honor of General Benjamin Lincoln, a distinguished general of the 
Revolution, whom Washington appointed to receive the sword of 
Lord Cornwallis at the surrender of Yorktown. Lincolnton is the 
county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1779 William Graham Miles Abernathy 

1780 James Johnston Valentine Mauneys 

John Sloan 
1781 James Johnston* Robert Alexander 

John Sloans 
1782 James Johnston John Moorei2 

John Sloan 
1783 Robert Alexander John Sloan 

Daniel McKissick 
1784, Apr Robert Alexander's John Sloani^ 

Daniel McKissick 
1784, Oct Daniel McKissick 

John Sloan 
1785 Robert Alexander John Sloan 

Daniel McKissick 
1786 Robert Alexander Daniel McKissick 

John Sloan 

1787 Joseph Jenkins 

1788 Joseph Dickson John Moore 

William Maclain 
1789 Joseph Dicksoni^ '. . . . John Moore 

William Maclain 
1790 Joseph Dickson John Moore 

William Maclain 
1791 Joseph Dickson William Maclain 

John Moore 



i 



Members of the General Assembly. 683 

Year Senators Representatives 

1792 Joseph Dickson John Moore 

Nathaniel Alexander 

1793 Joseph Dickson John Moore 

Nathaniel Alexander 

1794 Joseph Dickson John Moore 

Peter Forney 
1795 John Perkins Peter Forney- 
David Robeson 
1796 Wallace Alexander Peter Forney- 
David Robeson 
1797 Wallace Alexander Peter Forney 

John Ramsour 
1798 Wallace Alexander John Moore 

John Ramsour 
1799 Wallace Alexander John Moore 

John Reinhardt 
1800 Peter Forney John Moore 

John Reinhardt 
1801 Peter Forney Jesse Robinson 

John Moore 
1802 Peter Forney John Moore 

Peter Hoyle 
1803 Henry Hoke John Moore 

Peter Hoyle 
1804 Henry Hoke John Moore 

Peter Hoyle 
1805 Ephraim Perkins John Moore 

Peter Hoyle 
1806 David Shuford John Moore . 

Peter Hoyle 
1807 Andrew Hoyle Peter Hoyle 

Jones Abernathy 
1808 Andre-w Hoyle Peter Hoyle 

Jones Abernathy 
1809 Andrew Hoyle Daniel Hoke 

Robert Patterson 



684 



State Officials. 



Year Senators 
1810 John Reid 



1811 John Reid. 



1812 David Shuford. 



1813 David Shuford. 



Representatives 

Peter Hojie 

Daniel Hoke 

Daniel Holie 

Peter Hoyle 

Daniel Hoke 

Peter Hoyle 

Peter Hoyle 

Daniel Hoke 

1814 William McLean Robert Patterson 

John Ramsour 

1815 David Shuford Peter Hoyle 

Daniel Hoke 

, Peter Hoyle 

Daniel Hoke 

Peter Hoyle 

Henry Y. Webb 

Robert Williamson 

J. F. Brevard 

.Peter Hoyle Robert Williamson 

Daniel Conrad 

1820 David Shuford Daniel Conrad 

William Johnson 

1821 Robert Williamson Peter Hoke 

Oliver W. Holland 

1822 Robert Williamson Peter Hoke 

Daniel Conrad 

1823 Daniel M. Forney Oliver W. Holland 

Daniel Conrad 

1824 Daniel M. Forney Bartlett Shipp 

Daniel Conrad 

1825 Daniel M. Forney Oliver W. Holland 

Daniel Conrad 

1826 Daniel M. Forney Oliver W. Holland 

Bartlett Shipp 

1827 Michael Reinhardt Alexander J. M. Brevard 

Daniel Conrad 



1816 David Shuford. 



1817 John Reid. 



1818 John Reid. 



1819. 



Members of the General Assembly. 685 

Year Senators Representatives 

1828 Michael Reinhardt Bartlett Shipp 

Andrew H. Loretz 
1829 Daniel Hoke Bartlett Shipp 

Andrew H. Loretz 
1830 Daniel Hoke Bartlett Shipp 

Andrew H. Loretz 
1831 Daniel Hoke Miles W. Abernathy 

Henry Cansler 
1832 Daniel Hoke Miles W. Abernathy 

Henry Cansler 
1833 Daniel Hoke P. Roberts 

Henry Cansler 
1834 Bartlett Shipp Michael Hoke 

Henry Cansler 
1835 John B. Harry Henry Cansler 

Michael Hoke 

Senatorial 
Year District-' Senators Representatives 

1836 46th Michael Reinhardt Michael Hoke 

Henry Cansler 
Oliver W. Holland 
Thomas Ward 

1838 46th Michael Reinhardt Michael Hoke 

John Killian 
Oliver W. Holland 
William W. Monday 

1840 46th Thomas Ward Michael Hoke 

Oliver W. Holland 
William W. Monday 
John Killian 

1842 46th A. Ray Larkin Stowe 

James H. White 
Nathaniel Wilson 
John Yount 



686 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1844 46th Larkin Stowe James H. White 

Nathaniel Wilson 
Francis [Franklin] D. 

Reinhardt 
Richard Rankin 

1846 46th Larkin Stowe James H. White 

Franklin D. Reinhardt 
Nathaniel Wilson 
John Webster 

1848 46th (See Catawba) James H. White 

Franklin D. Reinhardt 
Samuel N. Stowe 
Andrew H. Shuford 

1850 46th John F, Hoke Richard Rankin 

Franklin D. Reinhardt 
Samuel N. Stowe 
Henderson Sherrill 

1852 46th John F. Hoke William Lander 

Henderson Sherrill 
John H. Wheeler 
James A. Caldwell 

1854 47th John F. Hoke Henry Cansler 

1856 47th James H. White Adolphus P. Cansler 

1858 47th F. D. Reinhardt Ambrose Costner 

1860 47th J. Stowe John F. Hoke2i 

V. A. McBee 

1862 47th James White Ambrose White 

1864 47th ( See Catawba) * Ambrose Costner 

1865 47th W. P. Bynum John F. Hoke 

1866 47th (See Catawba) M. L. Brown 

1868 37th (See Gaston) A. C. Wiswall 

1870 37th E. Crowell David Kincaid 

1872 37th (See Catawba) A. J. Morrison 

1874 37th William A. Graham, Jr.. .W. A. Thompson 

1876 37th (See Catawba) B. C. Cobb 

1879 37th William A. Graham B. C. Cobb 



Members of the Genekal Assembly. 



687 



Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators 

1881 37th (See Catawba). 

1883.. 
1885.. 

1887.. 



1889. 
1891. 
1893. 
1895. 



Representative^, 

J. G. Morrison 

37th A. Costner W. L. Grouse 

37th (See Catawba) W. L. Grouse 

37th W. L. Grouse F. H. Proctor 

37th (See Catawba) William A. Hoke 

37th W. A. Paine C. L. Wilson 

29th (See Wilkes & Catawba) .W. L. Grouse 

29th (See Catawba and Alex- John F. Reinhardt 



ander) 

1897 29th R. H. W. Barker. . 

1899 29th D. A. Lowe 

1901 29th J. 0. Mcintosh 

1903 31st John F. Reinhardt 

1905 31st (See Catawba) . . . 

1907 31st John F. Reinhardt 

1909 31st (See Catawba) ... 

1911 31st John F. Reinhardt 

1913 30th (See Catawba) . . . 



.Luther A. Abernathy 
.John F. Reinhardt 
.John F. Reinhardt 
.A. L. Quickel 
.William A. Graham 
. W. N. Keener 
.Henry D. Warlick 
.A. L. Quickel 
.R. B. Killiaii 



MACON. 

Macon county was formed in 1828 from Haywood. Was named in 
honor of Nathaniel Macon, Speaker of the National House of Repre- 
sentatives, United States Senator, President of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1835. The county seat is Franklin. 



Tear 
1829. 



Members of the Genekal Assembly. 

Senators Representatives 

. . .Thomas Love Asaph Enloe 



1830 James W. Gwinn. 



1831 James W. Gwinn. 



1832 Benjamin S. Brittain. 



James Whitaker 
.Thomas Tatham 

James Whitaker 
.Thomas Tatham 

James Whitaker 
.James Whitaker 

Asaph Enloe 



688 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1833 Benjamin S. Brittain James W. Gwinn 

Thomas Tatham 

1834 Benjamin S. Brittain James W. Gwinn 

Thomas Tatham 

1835 Benjamin S. Brittain James W. Gwinn 

Jacob Siler 

Senatorial 
Year District^'! Senators Representatives 

1836 49th (See Buncombe) James W. Gwinn 

1838 49th (See Haywood) Jacob Siler 

1840 49th (See Buncombe) Jacob Siler 

1842 49th (See Buncombe) James Whitaker 

1844 50th (See Haywood) Thomas J. Roane 

1846 50th (See Haywood) John Y. Hicks 

1848 50th (See Haywood) John Y. Hicks 

1850 50th (See Haywood) David W. Siler 

1852 50th (See Haywood) Stephen Muaday 

1854 50th (See Jackson) A. J. Patton 

1856 50th (See Jackson) David W. Siler 

1858 50th (See Jackson) Henry G. Woodfin 

1860 50th (See Jackson) David W. Siler2i 

Henry G. Woodfin 

1862 50th C. D. Smith J. M. Lyle 

1864 50th (See Cherokee) J. M. Lyle 

1865 50th (See Jackson) J. G. Crawford 

1866 50th (See Jackson) J. G. Crawford 

1868 43d W. Levi Love James L. Robinson 

1870 43d W. Levi Love James L. Robinson 

1872 42d W. Levi Love James L. Robinson 

1874 42d (See Jackson) James L. Robinson 

1876 42d J. L. Robinson G. N. Rush 

1879 42d J. L. Robinson John Reid 

1881 42d (See Cherokee) J. Frank Ray 

1883 42d (See Cherokee) J. Frank Ray 

1885 42d ( See Cherokee) James L. Robinson 

1887 42d Kope Elias W. N. Allman 





Senatoriql 


Year 


District^'' 


1889. 


42d 


1891. 


42d 


1893. 


....35th 


1895. 


35th 


1897. 


....35th 


1899. 


....35th 


1901. 


35th 


1903. 


39th 


1905. 


....39th 


1907. 


....39th 


1909. 


39th 


1911. 


....39th 


1913. 


....38th 



Members of the General Assembly. 689 



Senators Representatives 

(See Jackson) George A. Jones 

( See Cherokee) J. Frank Ray 

( See Cherokee ) J. Frank Ray 

(See Clay) J. Frank Ray 

J. Frank Ray S. H. Lyle 

(See Graham) J. Frank Ray 

(See Graham) H. D. Dean 

(See Graham) H. H. Jarrett 

(See Graham) W. A. Rogers 

(See Cherokee) John Burnett 

W. J. West Thomas B. Higdon 

(See Clay) J. Frank Ray 

(See Cherokee) J. Frank Ray 

MADISON. 

Madison county was formed in 1851 from Buncombe and Yancey. 
Was named in honor of James Madison, fourth President of the 
United States. The county seat is Marshall. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1854 49th (See Buncombe) John Yancey 

1856 49th (See Buncombe) John Yancey 

1858 49th (See Buncombe) John A. Fagg 

1860 49th (See Buncombe) John A. Fagg 

1862 49th (See Buncombe) Jesse Wallen 

1864 49th (See Buncombe) W. H. Brown 

1865 49th (See Buncombe) Lewis Palmer 

1866 49th : (See Transylvania) Nat. Kelsey 

1868 42d ( See Yancey) George W. Gahagan 

1870 42d (See McDowell) Nat. Kelsey 

1872 40th (See Buncombe) Hezekiah A. Gudger 

1874 40th (See Buncombe) Hezekiah A. Gudger 

1876 40th (See Buncombe) Hezekiah A. Gudger 

44 



690 



State Officials. 



Senatorial 
Year DistricW Senators 

1879 40th (See Buncombe) 

1881 40th (See Buncombe) 

1883 40th Isaac N. Ebbs. . 

1885 40th (See Buncombe) 

1887 40th (See Buncombe) 

1889 40th (See Buncombe) 

1891 40th W. C. Sprinkle.. 

1893 33d (See Buncombe and Hay- 
wood) 

1895 33d John Ammons 

1897 33d (See Buncombe and Hay- 
wood) 

1899 33d T. J. Murray 

1901 33d (See Buncombe and Hay- 
wood) 

1903 36th (See Yancey) 

1905 36th (See Yancey) 

1907 36th (See Mitchell) 

1909 36th J. F. Tilson 

1911 36th (See Yancey) 

1913 35th Charles B. Mashburn 



Representatives 

D. F. Davis 
D. F. Davis 
D. S. Ball 
Jeter C. Pritchard 
Jeter C. Pritchard 
D. F. Lawson 
Jeter C. Pritchard 
Chailes B. Masbhurn 

W. G. Hunter 
James Will Roberts 

A. B. Bryant 
Isaac N. Ebbs 

Levi Hamlin 
James "Will Roberts 
.Lewis J. Baley 
.Andrew J. McDevitt 
.J. Coleman Ramsey 
.J. B. Rector 



MARTIN. 

Martin county was formed in 1774 from Halifax and Tyrrell. 
Was named in honor of Josiah Martin, the last royal governor of 
North Carolina. It is probable that this name would have been 
changed like those of Dobbs and Tryon, but for the popularity of 
Alexander Martin, who was Governor in 1782 and again in 1790. 
The county seat is Williamston. 



Year 
1777. 



Members of the Genebal Assembly. 

Senators Representatives 

William Williams Whitmell Hill 

William Slade 



Membees of the General Assembly. 691 

Year Senators Representatives 

1778 Whitmell Hills Nathan Mayo 

Kenneth McKenzies Edmondson B. Smith- 
wick 
1779 Kenneth McKenzie Samuel Smithwick 

Samuel Williams 
1780 Kenneth McKenzie Edward Smithwick 

John Averit 
1781 Kenneth McKenzie Samuel Smithwick 

Samuel Williams 

1782 Kenneth McKenzies William Sladei-^ 

1783 Whitmell Hill Samuel Smithwick 

Samuel Williams 

1784, Apr Whitmell HilUs Nathan Mayois 

1784, Oct Whitmell Hill. . , Nathan Mayo 

Thomas Hunter* 

John Ross 
1785 Edmund Smithwick 

Samuel Williams 
1786 Nathan Mayo Joseph Bryan 

William McKenzie 
1787 Nathan Mayo Joseph Bryan 

Edmund Smithwick 
1788 Whitmell Hilli2 William Williams 

Ebenezer Slade 
1789 Nathan Mayoi2 .William Williams 

John Stewart 
1790 Ebenezer Slade 

Jesse Cherry 
1791 Nathan Mayo Ebenezer Slade 

Jesse Cherry 
1792 Ebenezer Slade Jesse Cherry 

Ebenezer Smithwick 
1793 Ebenezer Slade Ebenezer Smithwick 

William Griffin 
1794 Ebenezer Slade Matthew Yarrell 

John Kennedy 



692 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1795 Joseph Bryan 

Jesse Cherry 
1796 Ebenezer Slade John Hyman 

John Stewart 
1797 William McKenzie Jeremiah Slade 

John Hyman 
1798 Samuel Johnston Jeremiah Slade 

Thomas Wiggins 
1799 Samuel Johnston Thomas Wiggins 

Jesse Cherry 
1800 William McKenzie Jeremiah Slade 

John Hyman 
1801 John Hyman ; William Biggs 

Jesse Cherry 
1802 John Hyman Jeremiah Slade 

Edmund Smithwick 
1803 Jeremiah Slade Thomas Hyman 

William Pierce 
1804 John Hyman Stephen Pagan 

Joel Cherry 
1805 John Stewart James Burroughs 

Solomon B. Williamsi^ 

Joel Cherry 
1806 Jeremiah Slade James Wiggins 

James Burroughs 
1807 James Burroughs Joel Cherry 

James Sheppard 
1808 James Burroughs Joel Cherry 

James Sheppard 
1809 Jeremiah Slade Henry G. Williams 

Joel Cherry 
1810 Jeremiah Slade Henry G. Williams 

James Sheppard 
1811 Jeremiah Slade Joel Cherry 

Andrew Joyner 



Members of the General Assembly. 693 

Year Senators Representatives 

1812 Jeremiah Slade Andrew Joyner 

Joel Cherry 
1813 Jeremiah Slade Andrew Joyner 

Joel Cherry 
1814 Jeremiah Slade Simmons J. Baker 

John Guyther 
1815 Jeremiah Slade Simmons J. Baker 

Gabriel L. Stewart 
1816 Simmons J. Baker Joel Cherry 

Gabriel L. Stewart 
1817 Simmons J. Baker. Darling Cherry 

Joseph J. Williams 
1818 ". William Roulhac 

Darling Cherry 
1819 William Darlett Joseph R. Ballard 

Darling Cherry 
1820 Llewellin Bowers Joseph R. Ballard 

Darling Cherry 
1821 Samuel Hyman Alfred M. Slade 

Joseph R. Ballard 
1822 Samuel Hyman Jesse Cooper 

Lawrence Cherry 
1823 Llewellen Bowers Lawrence Cherry 

Gabriel L. Stewart 
1824 John A. Smithwick Lawrence Cherry 

Gabriel L. Stewart 
1825 John A. Smithwick David Latham 

Jesse Cooper 
1826 Joseph J. Williams David Latham 

Jesse Cooper 
1827 Joseph J. Williams Gabriel L. Stewart 

Jesse Cooper 
1828 Joseph J. Williams Jesse Cooper 

David Latham 
1829 Joseph J. Williams Jesse Cooper 

William Watts 



694 State Officials. 

^e«^ Senators Representatives 

1830 Joseph J. Williams Jesse Cooper 

William Watts 
1831 Jesse Cooper Joseph Robinson 

John Cloman 
1832 David Latham James L. C. Baker 

John Cloman 
1833 David Lathams John Cloman 

Edwin S. Smithwick 
1834 Jesse Cooper Raleigh Roebuck 

Edwin S. Smithwick-' 

Alfred M. Slade 
1835 Jesse Cooper Raleigh Roebuck 

Alfred M. Slade 
Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1836 8th Jesse Cooper Raleigh Roebuck 

1838 8th Jesse Cooper Raleigh Roebuck 

1840 8th Jesse Cooper Asa Biggs 

1842 8th Jesse Cooper Asa Biggs 

1844 8th Asa Biggs William T. Woodward 

1846 8th Daniel Ward Archibald H. Coffield 

1848 8th Daniel Ward Archibald H. Coffield 

1850 8th W. R. W. Sherrod William L. Mizell 

1852 8th Daniel Ward A. S. Moring 

1854 8th Asa Biggs John Watts 

1856 8th (See Washington) Stephen W. Outerbridge 

1858 8th (See Washington) Augustus Moore 

1860 8th Jesse R. Stubbs Joshua L. Ewell 

1862 8th (See Washington) James Robinson 

1864 8th Jesse R. Stubbs Stephen W. Outerbridge 

1865 8th (See Washington) James E. Moore 

1866 8th (See Washington) Abner S. Williams 

1868 2d Franklin G. Martindale. .Jesse J. Smith 

1870 2d (See Washington) . . . i . . .George H. Gregorj^ 

1872 2d (See Beaufort) J. R. Mizell 

1874 2d (See Hyde & Washington) J. R. Mizell 



Members of the General Assembly. 695 

* Senatorial 
Year Districf^~ Senators Representatives 

1876 2d (See Tyrrell and Wash- N. B. Fagan 

ington) 

1879 2d J. T. Waldo H. D. Roberson 

1881 2d (See Washington and David Worthington 

Beaufort) 

1883 2d Theodore W. Poole. . . David Worthington 

1885 2d Theodore W\ Pool David Worthington 

1887 2d (See Tyrrell & Beaufort) .J. W. Manning 

1889 2d Harry W. Stubbs J. B. Coffield 

1891 2d (See Hyde & Washington)!. B. Coffield 

1893 2d (See Beaufort and Wash- M. T. Lawrence 

ington) 

1895 2d T. E. McCaskey M. T. Lawrence 

1897 2d T. E. McCaskey Charles C. Fagan 

1899 2d (See Pamlico and Wash- Harry W. Stubbs 

ington) 
1901 2d (See Pamlico and Wash- Harry W. Stubbs 

ington) 

1903 2d (See Hyde and Tyrrell) . .Harry W. Stubbs 

1905 2d Harry W. Stubbs J. B. Coffield 

1907 2d Harry W. Stubbs J. A. Whitley 

1909 2d Van B. Martin Harry W. Stubbs 

1911 2d Van B. Martin Harry W. Stubbs 

1913 2d Harry W. Stubbs A. R. Dunning 

McDowell. 

McDowell county was formed in 1842 from Rutherford and Burke. 
Was named in honor of Colonel Joseph McDowell, an active officer 
of the Revolution. McDowell voted with Rutherford and Burke 
until 1854. Marion is the county seat. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1854 46th (See Burke) S. J. Neal 

1856 46th (See Burke) Jason C. Whitson 



696 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year DistricW Senators Representatives 

1858 46th (See Caldwell) Albertus Higgins 

I860 46th (See Burke) Charles H. Burgin 

1862 46th (See Burke) William F. Craig 

1864 46th (See Caldwell) William F. Craig 

1865 46th (See Caldwell) William F. Craig 

1866 46th (See Burke) James M. Neal 

1868 42d (See Yancey) W. W. Gilbert 

1870 42d W. W. Fleming J. C. Grayson 

1872 36th W. W. Fleming G. W. Freeman 

1874 36th (See Burke & Mitchell) . .A. M. Erwin 

1876 36th (See Yancey & Caldwell) .J. S. Brown 

1879 36th A. M. Erwin J. F. Reid 

1881 36th (See Caldwell & Mitchell) .G. H. Gardin 

1883 36th (See Burke and Yancey) .J. C. McCurry 

1885 36th John S. Brown G. H. Garden 

1887 36th (See Burke & Mitchell) . .G. W. Crawford 

1889 36th (See Caldwell & Yancey) .William M. Blanton 

1891 36th J. T. Reid J. W. Biddix 

1893 31st (See Caldwell & Mitchell). J. C. McCurry 

1895 31st A. J. Dula Lee Crawford 

1897 31st (See Caldwell & Yancey) .W. A. Conley 

1899 31st G. G. Eaves Edward J. Justice 

1901 31st (See Caldwell & Mitchell). M. F. Morphew 

1903 34th Edward J. Justice James Morris 

W. A. Conley 

1905 34th (See Burke & Caldwell )..M. F. Morphew 

1907 34th W. F. Wood Lee P. Crawford 

1909 34th (See Burke & Caldwell) . .B. B. Price 

1911 34th Pinckney H. Mashburn. . .Thomas W. Wilson 

1913 33d (See Caldwell and Alex- Pinckney H. Mashburn 

ander) 



Members of the General Assembly. 6'J7 



MECKLENBURG. 

Mecklenburg county was formed in 1762 from Anson. Was named 
in honor of Princess Charlotte,' of Mecklenburg, Queen of George III, 
King of England. The county seat, Charlotte, one of the prettiest 
cities in the State, was also named in her honor. Mecklenburg 
county was the scene of some of the most stirring events of the 
Revolution. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1777 John McK. Alexander Martin Phifer 

Waightstill Avery 
1778 Robert Irwin Caleb Phifer 

David Wilson 
1779. .. ." Robert Irwin Caleb Phifer 

David Wilson 
1780 Robert Irwin Caleb Phifer 

David Wilson 
1781 Robert Irwin Caleb Phifer 

David Wilson 
1782 Robert Irwin Caleb Phifer 

David Wilson 
1783 Robert Irwin Caleb Phifer 

David Wilson 
1784, Apr Robert Irwinis Caleb Phifer 

David Wilson 
1784, Oct James Harris Caleb Phifer 

David Wilson 
1785 James Harris Caleb Phifer 

George Alexander 
1786 James Harris Caleb Phifer 

George Alexander 
1787 Robert Irwin William Polk 

Caleb Phifer 
1788 Joseph Graham Caleb Phifer 

Joseph Douglass 



698 State Officials. 

year Senators Representatives 

1789 Joseph Graham Caleb Phifer 

Joseph Douglass 
1790 Joseph Graham Robert Irwin 

William Polk 
1791 Joseph Graham Caleb Phifer 

Robert Irwin 
1792 Joseph Graham Caleb Phifer 

James Harris 
1793 Robert Irwin Charles Polk 

George Graham 
1794 Robert Irwin Charles Polk 

George Graham 
1795. Robert Irwin Charles Polk 

George Graham 
1796 George Graham David McKee 

William Morrison 
1797 Robert Irwin James Conner 

Nathaniel Alexander 
1798 Robert Irwin James Conner 

Hugh Parks 
1799 Robert Irwin James Conner 

Sherrod Gray 
1800 Charles Polk 

Hugh Parks 
1801 Mathaniel Alexander Alexander Morrison 

Sherrod Gray 
1802 Nathaniel Alexander Alexander Morrison 

Thomas Henderson 
1803 George Graham Alexander Morrison 

Thomas Henderson 
1804 George Graham Thomas Henderson 

Samuel Lowrie 
1805 George Graham Samuel Lowrie 

George W. Smart 
1806 George Graham Samuel Lowrie 

Thomas Henderson 



Members of the General Assembly. 699 

Year Senators Representatives 

1807 George Graham John Harris 

1808 George Graham George W. Smart 

John Harris 
1809 George Graham Thomas Henderson 

Hutchins G. Burton 
1810 George Graham Thomas Henderson 

Hutchins G. Burton 
1811 George Graham Jonathan Harris 

Henry Massey 
1812 George Graham Jonathan Harris 

Henry Massey 
1813 William Davidson Cunningham Harris 

Jonathan Harris 
1814 Jonathan Harris William Beattie 

George Hampton 
1815 William Davidson John Ray 

Abdon Alexander 
1816 William Davidson Joab Alexander 

John Wilson 
1817 William Davidson John Rhea 

John Wilson 

1818 William Davidson2i John Rhea 

William Lee Davidson. . .John Wilson 
1819 Michael McLeary John Rhea 

Miles J. Robinson 
1820 Michael McLeary John Rhea 

Miles J. Robinson 
1821 Michael McLeary Samuel McComb 

John Rhea 
1822 Michael McLeary Matthew Bain 

John Rhea 
1823 Michael McLeary Thomas G. Polk 

Matthew Bain 
1824 Michael McLeary Thomas G. Polk 

Matthew Bain 



700 State Officials, 

Year Senators Representatives 

1825 William Davidson Thomas G. Polk 

Matthew Bain 
'1826 Michael McLeary Matthew Bain 

Wm. Julius Alexander 
1827 William Davidson Joseph Blackwood 

William J. Alexander 
1828 William Davidson Joseph Blackwood 

William J. Alexander 
1829 William Davidson William J. Alexander 

Evan Alexander 
1830 Joseph Blackwood William J. Alexander 

Evan Alexander 
1831 Henry Massey James Dougherty 

John Hart 
1832 .^ Henry Massey John Hart 

James Dougherty 
1833 Washington Morrison. . . .William J. Alexander 

Andrew Grier 
1834 William H. McLeary William J. Alexander 

James M. Hutchinson 
1835 Stephen Fox James M. Hutchinson 

James A. Dunn 
Senatorial 
Year District-'^ Senators Representatives 

1836 50th Stephen Fox James M. Hutchinson 

Green W. Caldwell 
James A. Dunn 

1838 50th Stephen Fox Green W. Caldwell 

James T. J. Orr 
Caleb Irwin 

1840 50th James T. J. Orr Green W. Caldwell 

John Walker 
^ Benjamin Morrow 

1842 50th John Walker John Kirk 

Joseph W. Ross 
Caleb Irwin 



Members of the General Assembly". 701 

Senatorial 
Year District^'' Senators Representatives 

1844 39th John Walker Robert M. Lemmond 

James A. Dunn 

John Kirk 
1846 39th John Walker John W. Potts 

John N. Davis 

Robert Lemmons 
1848 39th John Walker Nehemiah A. Harrison 

James J. Williams 

John N. Davis 
1850 39th Green W. Caldwell James J. Williams 

John K. Harrison 

E.Constantine Davidson 
1852 39th Green W. Caldwell William Black 

James A. Dunn 

John Ingram 
1854 39th John Walker William R. Myers 

William Black 
1856 39th William R. Myers William M. Matthews 

William F. Davidson 
1858 39th William F. Davidson Henry M. Pritchard 

Williamson Wallace 
1860 39th John Walker Stephen W. Davis 

John McK. Potts 
1862 39th John A. Young .John L. Brown 

E. C. Grier 
1864 39th W. M. Grier John L. Brown 

E. C. Grier 
1865 39th J. H. Wilson James M. Hutchinson 

Robert D. Whitley 
1866 39th J. H. Wilson Robert D. Whitley 

James M; Hutchinson 
1868 30th James W. Osborne Robert D. Whitley 

W. Grier 
1870 30th H. C. Jones R. P. Waring 

J. C. Reid 



702 State Officials. 

Senatorial 

Tear DistricW Senators Representatives 

1872 29th R. P. Waring John E. Brown 

S. W. Reid 

1874 29th R. P. Waring J. L. Setton 

J. Sol. Reid 

1876 29th T. J. Moore W. E. Ardrey 

Randolph A. Shotwell 

1879 29th Syd'enham B. Alexander. .W. E. Ardrey 

J. L. Brown 

1881 29th Armistead Burwell A. G. Neal 

Edgar H. Walker 

1883 29th Sydenham B. Alexander. .W. H. Bailey 

J. S. Myers 
T. T. Sandifer 

1885 29th Sydenham B. Alexander. .W. B. Ardrey 

H. P. Stowe 
R. P. Waring 

1887 29th Sydenham B. Alexander. .J. T. Kell 

J. W. Moore 

E. K. P. Osborne 

1889 29th J. Sol. Reid James C. Long 

N. Gibbon 
J. Watt Hood 

1891 29th W. E. Ardrey J. Watt Hood 

D. W. Mayes 
R. A. Grier 

1893 25th P. B. McDowell Hugh W. Harris 

John R. Erwin 

1895. . . . .25th William Carey Dowd J. T. Kell 

J. D. McCall 
John G. Alexander 

1897 25th J. B. Alexander Walter P. Craven 

R. M. Ranson 
J. Sol. Reid 
M. B. Williamson 
W. S. Clanton 



Members of the General Assembly. 703 

Senatorial 
Year District-'' Senators Representatives 

1899 25tli Frank I. Osborne .Heriot Clarkson 

R. M. Ranson 
J. E. Henderson 

1901 25th S. B. Alexander W. E. Ardrey 

C. H. Duls 

Frank M. Shannonhouse 

1903 25th H. N. Pharr H. Q. Alexander 

R. C. Freeman 
Thomas 0. Gluyas 

1905 25th C. H. Duls H. Q. Alexander 

R. C. Freeman 
Frank R. McNinch 

1907 25th H. N. Pharr William Carey Dowd 

William A. Grier 
E. R. Preston 

1909 25th H. N. Pharr W. G. McLaughlin 

William A. Grier 
William Carey Dowd 

1911 2.5th H. N. Pharr William Carey Dowd 

William A. Grier 
W. G. McLaughlin 

1913 24th H. N. Pharr William A. Grier 

W. G. McLaughlin 
Plummer Stewart 
William Carey Dowd 



704 State Officials. 



MITCHELL. 

Mitchell county was formed in 1861 from Yancey, Watauga, Cald- 
well, Burke, and McDowell. Was named in honor of Dr. Elisha 
Mitchell, a professor in the University of North Carolina. While 
on an exploring expedition on Mt. Mitchell, the highest peak east of 
the Ro(jky Mountains, Dr. Mitchell fell from a high peak and was 
killed. His body is buried on the top of this lofty mountain. The 
county seat is Bakersville. Mitchell county voted with Yancey county 
until 1868. 

Members of the Geneeal Assembly. 
Senatorial 
Year District'^'' Senators Representatives 

1868 42d (See Yancey) Jacob W. Bowman 

1870 42d (See McDowell) S. M. Collis 

1872 36th (See McDowell and Jacob W. Bowman 

Yancey) 

1874 36th D. W. Young Moses Young 

1876 36th (See Yancey & Caldwell) .John P. Heap 

1879 36th (See Burke & McDowell) .S. W. Blalock 

1881 36th J. W. Gudger Jacob W. Bowman 

1883 36th (See Burke & Yancey) . . .H. Lineback 

1885 36th (See Caldwell and Mc- T. C. Green 

Dowell) 

1887 36th Isaac H. Bailey S. J. Turner 

1889 36th (See Caldwell & Yancey) .Luke M. Banner 

1891 36th (See Burke & McDowell) .Luke M. Banner 

1893 31st S. W. Blalock T. D. Vance 

1895 31st S. J. Black Samuel J. Turner 

1897 31st (See Caldwell & Yancey) .Landon H. Green 

1899 31st W. L. Lambert J. R. Pritchard 

1901 31st M. L. Buchanan J. E. Burleson 

1903 36th (See Yancey) J. Clayton Bowman 

1905 36th (See Yancey) J. Clayton Bowman 

1907 36th J. E. Burleson J. Clayton Bowman 

1909 36th (See Madison) Samuel J. Turner 

1911 36th (See Yancey) Henry T. Norman 

1913 35th (See Madison) M. L. Buchanan 



Membees of the Geneeal Assembly. . 705 



MONTGOMERY. 

Montgomery county was formed in 1778 from Anson. Was named 
in honor of the brave General Richard Montgomery, who lost his 
life at the battle of Quebec in 1775 while trying to conquer Canada. 
The county seat is Troy. 

Membees of the Geneeal Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1779 John Kimbrough 

Solomon Gross 
1780 Drury Ledbetters James Roper 

Edward Moore 
1781 Thomas Childs Robert Moss 

Peter Randle 
1782 Thomas Childss Robert Moss 

Peter Randle 
1783 Edward Moore James McDonald 

Mark Allen 
1784, Apr Charles Robertsoni" William Kendalli^ 

James McDonaldi2 
1784, Oct Samuel Parsons William Kendall 

Mark Allen 
1785 Samuel Parsons James McDonald 

Charles Robertson 
1786 John Stokes James McDonald 

John Palmer 
1787 Thomas Childsi* 

William Kendall 
1788 David Nesbitt James Tindall 

Thomas Ussory 
1789 William Kendalli2 William Johnston 

James Tindall 
1790 Thomas Childs Thomas Butler 

John Ussory 

1791 ,. . . .James Turner James Tindall 

• James Gray 

45 



706 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1792 James Turner Williani Rush 

West Harris 
1793 James Turner William Rush 

William Loften 
1794 Thomas Childs William Loften 

Thomas Ussory 
1795 Thomas Childs Thomas Ussory 

Henry Deberry 
1796 Thomas Childs William Loften 

Henry Deberry 
1797 West Harris Henry Deberry 

Arthur Harris 
1798 West Harris Henry Deberry 

Arthur Harris 
1799 West Harris Henry Deberry 

Arthur Harris 
1800 Thomas Blewett ? Henry Deberry 

Thomas Childs, Jr. 
1801 West Harris Thomas Childs 

Silas Billingsly 
1802 West Harris William R. Allen 

James Sanders 
1803 George W. Davidson John Maske 

James Sanders 
1804 James Sanders James Allen 

John Maske 
1805 James Sanders John Maske 

James Allen 
1806 Edmund Deberry James Allen 

David Cochran 
1807 Edmund Deberry David Cochran 

Clement Lavier 
1808 Edmund Deberry Claiborn Harris 

Joseph Parsons 
1809 Edmund Deberry Joseph Parsons 

William Crittenden 



Members of the General Assembly. 707 

Yea7' Senators Representatives 

1810 Edmund Deberry George W. Davidson 

Joseph Parsons 
1811 Edmund Deberry James Legrand 

Joseph Parsons 
1812 George W. Davidson James Legrand 

John Randall 
1813 Edmund Deberry John Crump 

Thomas Butler 
1814 Edmund Deberry John Crump 

John Randall 
1815 James Legrand John Randall 

John Crump 
1816 James Legrand John Crump 

John Randall 
1817 John Crump John Lilley 

Andrew Wade 
1818 George W. Davidson John Kendall 

John Lilley 
1819 George W. Davidson John Lilley 

John Kendall 
1820 Edmund Deberry John Dargan 

John Lilley 
1821 Edmund Deberry John Dargan 

Hardy Morgan 
182^ James Legrand Hardy Morgan 

John Dargan 
1823 James Legrand Hardy Morgan 

John Dargan 
1824 James Legrand John Culpepper 

John Dargan 
1825 James Legrand John Dargan 

Thomas C. Dunn 
1826 Edmund Deberry John Dargan 

Thomas C. Dunn 
1827 Edmund Deberry James Allen 

James M. Lilley 



708 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1828 Edmund Deberry Reuben Kendall 

James M. Lilley 
1829 John Crump Reuben Kendall 

James M. Lilley 
1830 John Crump James M. Lilley 

Reuben Kendall 
1831 Reuben Kendall George W. McCain 

Pleasant M. Mask 
1832 James M. Lilley Francis Locke 

Pleasant M. Mask 
1833 Reuben Kendall Francis Locke 

Edmund F. Lilley 
1834 Reuben Kendall Francis Locke 

Edmund F. Lilley 
1835 Reuben Kendall William Harris 

Peter R. Lilley 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1836 34th (See Moore) William Harris 

Enoch Jordan 
1838 34th (See Moore) William Harris 

Thomas Pemberton 
1840 34th ( See Moore) Thomas Pemberton 

Edmund F. Lilley 
1842 34th John M. Worth Calvin J. Cochran . 

Francis Locke 

1844 32d John M. Worth Calvin J. Cochran 

1846 32d (See Moore) Zebedee Russell 

1848 32d John M. Worth Zebedee Russell 

1850 32d (See Moore) Zebedee Russell 

1852 32d (See Moore) Z. V. Simmons 

1854 33d Samuel H. Christian Zebedee Russell 

1856 33d Samuel H. Christian James M. Crump 

1858 33d (See Moore) Edward C. Chambers 

1860 33d (See Moore) Edmund G. L. Barringer 

1862 33d Calvin W. Wooley Edmund G. L. Barringer 



Members of the Genebal Assembly. 709 

Senatorial 
Year Distnct-'' Senators Representatives 

1864 33d James M. Crump Allen Jordan 

1865 33d (See Moore) E. D. Gaines 

1866 33d (See Moore) Allen Jordan 

1868 27th John H. Davis George A. Graham 

1870 27th (See Randolph) J. G. Morgan 

1872 26th (See Richmond) Allen Jordan 

1874 26th (See Richmond) Ellas Hurley 

1876 26th (See Richmond) W. T. H. Ewing 

1879 26th George A. Graham W. T. H. Ewing 

1881 26th O. Spears George A. Graham 

1883 26th George A. Graham A. L. Henderson 

1885 26th (See Richmond) J. F. Crowder 

1887 26th J. F. Crowder Allen Jordan 

1889 26th (See Richmond) J. F. Crowder 

1891 26th J. G. Skinner C. R. Watkins 

1893 23d (See Anson & Richmond) Joseph R. Blair 

1895 23d Elias Hurley Joseph A. Reynolds 

1897 23d (See Richmond & Anson) Joseph A. Reynolds 

1899 23d Charles Stanback W. A. Cochran 

1901 23d (See Anson & Richmond) Robert N. Page 

1903 23d N. M. Thayer Charles T. Luther 

1905 23d (See Randolph) C. C. Wade 

1907 23d J. Reese Blair R. A. Bruton 

1909 23d (See Randolph) Robert T. Poole 

1911 23d Charles A. Armstrong. . . .John L. Stuart 

1913 22d (See Randolph) Barna Allen 



710 State Officials. 



MOORE. 

Moore county was formed in 1784 from Cumberland. Was named 
in honor of Captain Alfred Moore, of Brunswick, a soldier of the 
Revolution and afterwards a Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
United States. The county seat is Carthage. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1784, Oct Henry Lightfoot John Cox 

William Seals 
1785 Henry Lightfoot John Carroll 

John Cox 

1786 Phillip Alstonie John Cox 

Thomas Tyson Charles Crawford 

1787 Thomas Overton John Cox 

Thomas Tyson 
1788 Thomas Overton William Martin 

William Mears 
1789 Thomas Overtoni2 Thomas Tyson 

William Barrett 
1790 Thomas Tyson William Martin 

Cornelius Dowd 
1791 Thomas Tyson Cornelius Dowd 

William Martin 
1792 Thomas Overton William Barrett 

William Dunn 
1793 William Martin . William Dunn 

Daniel Mcintosh 
1794 Daniel Mcintosh Thomas H. Perkins 

Malcolm Gilchrist 
1795 Daniel Mcintosh Malcolm Gilchrist 

William Barrett 
1796 Malcolm Gilchrist Jacob Gastor 

Murdock Martin 
1797 Daniel Mcintosh Cornelius Dowd 

Jacob Gastor 



Members of the General Assembly. 711 

Year Senators Representatives 

1798 William Martin William Barrett 

Cornelius Dowd 
1799 Malcolm Gilchrist John Mclvor 

Jacob Gastor 

1800 Malcolm McNeill3 Murdock Martin 

Laughlan McNeill Jacob Gastor 

1801 Duncan Buie Allen McLennan 

Archibald Dalrymple 
1802 Murdoch McKenzie Jacob Gastor 

Allen McLennan 
1803 Duncan Buie John Atkinson 

Cornelius Dowd 
1804 Jacob Gastor Allen McLennan 

Francis Bullock 
1805 Thomas Tyson Allen McLennan 

Francis Bullock 
1806 Jacob Gastor William Barrett 

Cornelius Dowd 
1807 Benjamin Williams Cornelius Dowd 

Allen McLennan 
1808 Thomas Tyson Archibald McNeill 

William Buie 
1809 Benjamin Williams Archibald McNeill 

Edmund Wade 
1810 Allen McClennan William Buie 

David Reid 

1811 Archibald McNeill Atlas Jones 

, John McLennan 

1812 John Gastor James Seawell 

Atlas Jones 
1813 Archibald McBryde James Seawell 

Josiah Tyson 
1814 Archibald McBryde Josiah Tyson 

Malcolm Blue 
1815 Archibald McNeill Jacob Gastor 

Josiah Tyson 



712 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1816 Atlas Jones Josiah Tyson 

John Murchison 
1817 Atlas Jones John Murchison 

Josiah Tyson 
1818 John B. Kelly Benjamin Person 

John Murchison 
1819 Josiah Tyson Malcolm Blue 

Benjamin Person 
1820 Benjamin Person Alexander McNeill 

Josiah Tyson 
1821 Benjamin Person Josiah Tyson 

Alexander McNeill 
1822 Benjamin Person Josiah Tyson 

Alexander McNeill 
1823 William Jackson Gideon Seawell 

Angus Martin 
1824 Benjamin W. Williams . . . Alexander McNeill 

Josiah Tyson 
1825 Cornelius Dowd John Murchison 

Vv'^illiam Crawford 
1826 Josiah Tyson Gideon Seawell 

William Wadsworth 
1827 Alexander McNeill Gideon Seawell 

William Wadsworth 
1828 Alexander McNeill Josiah Tyson 

William V/adsworth 
1829 Alexander McNeill William Hancock 

Duncan Murchison 
1830 Alexander McNeill William Wadsworth 

Willis D. Dowd 
1831 Josiah Tyson William Wadsworth 

Gideon Seawell 
1832 Josiah Tyson William Wadsworth 

John H. Montgomery 
1833 Duncan Murchison William Wadsworth 

John H. Montgomery 



Members of the General Assembly. 713 

Year Senators Representatives 

1834 Cornelius Dowd William Wadswcrth 

Angus McDonald 

1835 Cornelius Dowd John B. Kelly 

John A. D. McNeill 

Senatorial 
Year District^'^ Senators Representatives 

1836 34th John B. Kelly John A. D. McNeill 

1838 34th John H. Montgomery John A. D. McNeill^i 

David McNeill 

1840 34th John H. Montgomery Duncan Murchison 

1842 34th (See Montgomery) William D. Harrington 

1844 32d (See Montgomery) Donald Street 

1846 32d Alexander Kelly Mardock B. Person 

1848 32d (See Montgomery) Samuel J. Person 

1850 32d Angus R. Kelly Samuel J. Person 

1852 32d Angus R. Kelly William Barrett 

^854 33d (See Montgomery) Hugh Leach 

1856 33d (See Montgomery) William B. Richardson 

1858 33d A. R. McDonald John Shaw 

1860 33d Willis D. Dowd Alexander Kelly 

1862 33d (See Montgomery) Alexander Kelly 

Ritter"o 

1864 33d (See Montgomery) E. J. Harrington 

1865 33d D. A. Bond William M. Black 

1866 33d William B. Richardson . . .William M. Black 

1868 28th William B. Richardson. . .Abel Kelly 

1870 28th (See Richmond) Alexander Kelly 

1872 25th (See Randolph) John Shaw 

1874 25th K. H. Worthy A. A. Mclver 

1876 25th (See Randolph) James D. Mclver 

1879 25th William M. Black Neill Leach 

1881 25th (See Randolph) H. Turner 

1883 25th J. C. Black H. Turner 

1885 25th (See Randolph) George Wilcox 

1887 25th Duncan B. Mclver D. C. McKinnon 

1889 25th (See Randolph) M. J. Blue 



714 State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District^' Senators Representatives 

1891 25th George Wilcox W. P. M. Currie 

1893 22d (See Randolph) W. J. Adams 

1895 22d W. J. Adams E. J. Harrington 

1897 22d (See Randolph) William H. H. Lawhon 

1899 22d J. C. Black John L. Currie 

1901 22d (See Randolph) A. A. P. Seawell 

1903 22d U. L. Spence E. J. Harrington 

1905 22d (See Scotland and Rich- J. R. McQueen 

mond) 

1907 22d A. A. P. Seawell J. E. Buchan 

1909 22d (See Scotland and Rich- Daniel A. McDonald 

mond) 

1911 22d D. A. McDonald William H. McNeill 

1913 21st ( See Richmond and Scot- Henry A. Page 

land) 

NASH. 

Nash county was formed in 1777 from Edgecombe. Was named in 
honor of General Francis Nash, a soldier of the Revolution, who was 
mortally wounded while fighting under Washington at Germantown. 
The United States has erected a monument in his honor at the Guil- 
ford Battleground near Greensboro. The county seat is Nashville. 

Members of the General Assembly. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1778 Nathan Boddie' Thomas Hunteri 

Hardy Griffini 
1779 Nathan Boddie William Horn 

Thomas Hunter 
1780 Nathan Boddie Hardy Griffin 

Micajah Thomas 
17S1 Hardy Griffin Joseph Arrington 

Edward Nicholsono 
1782 Hardy Griffin Joseph Arrington 

Edward Nicholson 



II 



i 



Members of the General Assembly. 715 

Year Senators Representatives 

1783 Hardy Griffin Micajah Thomas 

John Bonds 
1784, Apr Hardy Griffinis Micajah Thomasi ^ 

John Bonds 
1784, Oct Micajah Thomas 

John Bonds 
1785 Hardy Griffin John Bonds 

Micajah Thomas 
1786 Hardy Griffin John Bonds 

Joseph J. Clinch 
1787 Hardy Griffin Micajah Thomas 

John Bondss 
1788 Redmond Bunu Wilson Vick 

John Bonds 
1789 Hardy Griffini2 Wilson Vick 

John Bonds 
1790 Hardy Griffin James Battle 

John Bonds 
1791 Hardy Griffin Howell Ellen 

Joseph Arrington 
1792 Hardy Griffin .' John H. Drake 

Joseph Arrington 
1793 Hardy Griffin John H. Drake 

John Bonds 
1794 William Arrington John H. Drake 

John Bonds 
1795 William Arrington John H. Drake 

Archibald Hunter 
1796 William Arrington John H. Drake 

Archibald Hunter 
1797 Archibald Griffin Redmond Bunn 

Archibald Hunter 
1798 John Arrington Redmond Bunn 

John H. Drake 
1799 John Arrington Redmond Bunn 

Archibald Hunter 



716 State Officials. 

Year Senators Representatives 

1800 John H. Drake George Boddie 

Redmond Bunn 
1801 Jolin Arrington George Boddie 

Archibald Hunter 
1802 John Arrington John Hilliard 

Archibald GrifBn 
1803 John Arrington Archibald Griffin 

John Hilliard 
1804 John Arrington Archibald Griffin 

Nathan Whitehead 
1805 John H. Drake Nathan Whitehead 

Henry Hines 
1806 John Arrington Archibald Griffin 

Redmond Bunn 
1807 John Arrington Archibald Griffin 

Redmond Bunn 
1808 William Arrington . . . Am^os Gandy 

Redmond Bunn 
1809 William Arrington Michael Collins 

Exum Phillips 
1810 William Arrington Amos Gandy 

Michael Collins 
1811 William Arrington Michael Collins 

Exum Philips 
1812 Archibald Griffin George Boddie 

Michael Collins 
1813 George Boddie Robert Carter Hilliard 

Michael Collins 
1814 George Boddie Robert Carter Hilliard 

Michael Collins 
1815 George Boddie Robert Carter Hilliard 

Michael Collins 
1816 Michael Collins Bartley Deans 

David Ricks 
1817 Robert C. Hilliard Archibald Lamon 

Joel Terrell 



Members of the General Assembly. 



717 



Year Senators Representatives 

1818 Michael Collins William W. Boddie 

Archibald Lamon 
1819 Joel Terrell William W. Boddie 

Archibald Lamon 
1820 William W. Boddie Archibald Lamon 

Henry Blount 
1821 William W. Boddie Henry Blount 

Archibald Lamon 
1822 William W. Boddie Archibald Lamon 

Thomas N. Mann 
1823 William W. Boddie Archibald Lamon 

Thomas N. IMann 
1824 William W. Boddie Archibald Lamon 

Nicholas J. Drake 
1825 William W. Boddie Nicholas J. Drake 

Major A^ Wilcox 
1826 William W. Boddie Duncan York 

Joseph Arrington 
1827 Nicholas Drake Frederick Battle 

James N. Mann 
1828 William W. Boddie Frederick Battle 

Gideon Bass 
1829 William W. Boddie Duncan York 

Joseph Arrington 
1830 William W. Boddie Joseph Arrington 

Robert C. Hilliard 
1831 William W. Boddie Joseph Arrington 

George Boddie 
1832 William W. Boddie Joseph Arrington 

George Boddie 
1833 Samuel L. Arrington George Boddie 

Ford Taylor 
1834 Samuel L. Arrington George Boddie 

Ford Taylor 
1835 Samuel L. Arrington Samuel Brown 

Ford Taylor 



"^^^ State Officials. 

Senatorial 
Year District Senators Representatives 

1836 10th Samuel L. Arrington Henry Blount 

1838 10th Samuel L. Arrington Ford Taylor 

1840 10th Samuel L. Arrington Ford Taylor 

1842 10th Samuel L. Arrington Ford Taylor 

1844 25th John H. Drake William D. Harrison 

1846 25th Jchn H. Drake William D. Harrison