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j.niK.Mn -i^sSS^oi- Till': 

,.,,.p'B!smoFMicai,.j^, 




THE 



MAP OF EUROPE BY TREATY. 



THE 



3^^1S 



MAP OF EUROPE BY TREATY; 



iUOWlNO TOB VAUODV 



POLITICAL AND TERRITORIAL CHANGES 



WUICU HAVB TABBM PLACE 



SINCE THE GENERAL PEACE OF 1814. 



MW^ llttin«0us llajjs ani |f0tts. 



Vol. I. 



'SEGNlDb 1HKITA>'T ANIMOB D£]il80A PEH AUKEM 
QUAM QVM 8r>T OCULIS 8UBJECTA FIDKLIUUB." — MoK. 



BY EDWAKD HEKTSLET, C.B., 

LIBBAUIAV AM) KBEPEU OF TJIK IfAFEKd, FOKEIGN OFFICE. 



LUN1K)N : 

BUTTKKWOETHS, 7, FLEET STREET, 

lain 9ublurf)CTf txi tf)( Quern's ^bwt ExcrUmt ^jcft)D. 

HARBISON, 59, PALL MALL, 

liookMtUtt to tht Queen ant i(.l&.f|. tf)e iBrtnre of Ca«lef . 

1876. 
lAli Mights reserved.'} 



]' 



THE 



MAP OF EUROPE BY TREATY. 



i 



lomdom: 

UAIBUOM AMD KniB, PUMTKM IM OlDIMABT TO UJUl MAJS8TT 

0T. MABSDI*! LAMS. 






'.^' 



CONTENTS. 



PAQR 

Preface v 

Table of CoxrEXTs to Vols. I, II, axd III . . xhi 

Vol. I. Nos. 1—137 18U— 1827 1— 77(> 

• „ II. Nos. 138—356 1828—1863 777—1588 

„ m. Nos. 357—451 1864—1875 1589—1976 

Appexdix 1977 — 2074 

List op Treaties, &c., betvvekv Great Britaix 
AND Foreign Powers, for the Maixtexance 
OF the Peace of Europe axd for the 
Settlemext of Europeax Questioxs. 

1814— 1875 2075—2100 

IXDEX 2101 



For LIST OF MAPS sec next page. 



a 



LIST OF MAPS 



TO ILLUSTRATE TH E FOLLOWIXa TREATIES. 



Name of 




Date of Treaty or 


No. of 


Fadngr 


Country, Place, 
drc. 




other Document. 


Treaty. 


Page. 


Alsace . . 


And Lorraino . . 


26 Feb., 1871 


438 


jl962 






10 May, 1871 


416 


Austria 


And Italy. Sec Austria and 
Sardinia. 








Bay of Jahde. . 


• • 


20 Julv, 1853 


233 


► 1632 






1 Dec-., 1853 


236 


Sessarabian . . 


Frontier 


30 Mar., 1856 


26^t 


" 


»> • • 


»• 


6 Jan., 1857 


277 


1300 


>> • • 


1 


19 June, 1857 


282 


« 


•» • • 


♦» 


llAprU,1857 


280 


1314 


*• • • 


EounJary as in 1829, and a» 










altered in 1850-57 


19 June, 1857 


282 


1322 


Cracow > . 


• • • « * • 


9 June, lvS15 


27 


21» 


Dalmatia 


Moutlis of the Cattaro, former 
Kepublic of Bagusa, &c, 
Austrian Possessions. 
(Also Turkish Districts 






• 




of Kleek and Sutorina) 


9 June, iai6 


27 


262 


Benmark 


See Holstein, Schleswig, and 
Lauenburg. 


1 






I>anabe 


Delta 


30 Mar., 1856 > 


264 


1 


»» • • 


»» 


6 Jan., 1857 ^ 


277 


U3OO 


»j • • 


»• 


11 April, 1857 


280 


>» • • 


>» 


19 June, 1857 , 


282 


J 


Europe. . 


In 1815 . . . . . . 


9 June, 1815 


27 


274 


»» • • 


In 1875 


— 


— 


197G 


France . . 


Boundary as in 1792, con- 








% 


firmed, with modifica- 










tions 


80 May, 1814 


1 


2S 


»» • • 


„ as in 1790, con- 
firmed, with modifica- 










tions . . . . . . 


20 Not., 1815 


40 


350 


n • • 


And Belgium . . 


30 May, 1814 


1 


2S 


ff • • 


»» 


20 Not., 1815 


40 


350 


>» • • 


And Italy. See France and 
Sardinia. 








*j • • 


And G-ermany. . • • 


30 May, 1814 


1 


2S 


»> • • 


»» 


20 Nov., 1815 


40 


350 


n * • 


>» 


23 Oct., 1829^ 


148 


840 


ft • • 


>» 


26 Feb., 1871 


438 


|l962 


>» • • 


»» 


10 May, 1871 


446 


ft • • 


And Prussia. See France 
and Q-ermany. 








>» • • 


And Sardinia . . . . • • 


30 May, 1814 


1 


28 






20 Not., 1815 


40 


* 350 


» • • 


See also Nice. 






^ 


>» • • 


And Spain 


12 Not., 1660 


Appendix 


1 


» • • 


>♦ 


2 Dec., 1856 


275 


-1295 


» • • 


>» 


14 Apr., 1862 
26 May, 1866 


336 


M • • 


>» 


373 




» • • 


ft 


11 July, 1868 


411 




>» • • 


And Switzerland . • 


30 May, 1814 


1 


2a 


»> • • 


ft 


20 Nov., 1815 


40 


350 


Orooco • • 


And Turkey 


21 July, 1832- 


161 


90» 



LIST OF MAPS. 



Suiw of 
Country, Placo, 

! 




Dato of Treaty or 


No. of 


nkdnff 




other Document. 


Treaty. 


Page. 


1 

Holstein 


Duchy . . 

1) 


30 Oct., 1864, 
14 Aug., 1865 


367 
370 


1682 


Laaenburg- . . 


Dueliy . . 


30 Oct., 1864 


367 


•1682 


»f • • 


»• 


14 Aug., 1865 


370 


Limburg- 


Duchy • • . . • • • • 


19 Apr., 1839 


183— 
185 


• 996 


Lombardo- 


Venctia 


10 Nov., 1859 


301— 


•^ 


?• 


♦• 


23 Aug., 1866 


303 
388 


a768 


?» • • 


>• 


3 Oct., 1866 


392 


irf 


Lucca 


Motlona, Parma, and Tuscany 


28 Not., 18i4 


200 


1 


,y • • 


>> 


4 Oct., iai7 


206 


ao6o 


»» • • 


»« 


9 Dec., 18*7 


208 


a 


Luxemburir . . 


Gnnul Duchv . . 


19 Apr., 1839 


183— 
185 


• 998 


Xonaco 


Principality . . 


7 Not., 1817 


76 


1464 


..! 


»« 


2 Feb., 1861 


328 


XontenegTO . . 


And Turkey . . 


8 Nov., 1858 


228 


-1354 


»> • • 


>» 


26 Oct., 1866 


400 


Kioe 


And Sardinia . . 


7 Nov., 1817 


76 


* 


t* ' ' 


And France . . 


21 Mar., 1860 


313 


^1464 


it • • 


».» 


2 Feb., 1861 


328 


11 • • 


11 


7 Mar., 1861 


329 


•«< 


Poland . . . • 


Ducliy of Warsaw 


9 June, 1815 


27 




*» • • 


11 


4 Mar., 1835 


175 


^218 


»> • • 


11 


13 Dec., 1886 


180 




Po«en 


Grand Duchy . . 


9 June, 1815 


27 


218 


Busaia 


And Turkey in Europe. See 
Bessarabia. 










And Turkey in Asia . . 

11 


30 Mar., 1856 
5 Dec., 1857 


264 
283 


|l324 


Savoy 


i And France . . 


30 May, 1814 


1 


28 


>• • • 


11 


20 Nov., 1815 


40 


360 


»» • • 


Cliahlais and Faucigny 


24 Mar., 1860 


313 


-1480 


11 • • 


n 


7 Afar., 1861 


329 


"^ ^^^*m\0 


Schleswiff 


Duchy 


30 Oct., 1864 


367 


1632 


11 • • 


11 


14 Aug., 1865 


370 


SUesia 


And Poland . . 


9 June, 1816 


27 


] 


>) • • 


11 


11 Nov., 1817 


77 


\ 218 


m 
>• • • 


11 


4 Mar., 1835 


175 


»• • • 


11 


13 Dec., 1836 


180 


J 


Tsrrol . . 


A n d^ Vorarlborg 


3 June, 1814 


2 


* 


" >» • • 


11 


14 April, 1816 


53 


* 442 


>t • • 


11 


30 Jan., 1844 


197 




VaU^ des 










Dappes 


France and Switzerluud 


8 Dec., 1862 


339 


1526 


Venioe . . 


Sec Lombard V. 








Wallachia 


Flag .. ' 


19 Aug., 1858 


286 


1845 



a 2 



ERRATA. VOL. T. 






Page 37, line l-, for King rotui Prince Soven-ign. 
„ 42, line 1, for 3 Aug. read 13 Aug. 
„ 129, for 1092 read 1029. 

140, Art. XII., for circus read circle. 

164, line 7, for Saxony read Savoj. 
„ 222, lino 15, for right line read straight line. 
„ 2-1.2, for 1816 read 1815. 

„ 244, last line but 4, for Itli June read 1 itli Juno. 
„ 267, last lino but 4, for CII road IV. 

290, Ist line, for 18 June, 1815, No. 29. read 1814—1815, No. 30. 

342, last line but 15, for Treaty read TrinitT. 

344, lino 9, for accept read except. 

346, last line, for Netherlands read Prussia. 
„ 350, for No. 8 read No. 7. 

„ 423, last line but 2, for right line read straight line. 
„ 441, last line but 4, Berohtolds-gabon read BerchteBgaben. 

" ^HZ r^OT Hesse-Cassel read Prussia. 
„ 635 J 

,, 705, for January read June. 



>» 



PR E F A C K. 



Is presenting to the Public a Work with so compre- 
hensive a Title as that of " The Map of Europe by 
Treaty, from 1814 to 1875," I feel that a brief explana- 
tion is required, both as to its precise object and the Plan 
upon which it has been compiled. Its object is to show 
tin* Changes which, by Treaty or other International 
Airaugements, have taken place in Europe within this 
period. The work is intended to bring together ia a 
collected form the various Documents that have giveii 
Treaty sanction to these Territorial Changes, and which, 
in defining in this manner the LANDMARKS of Europe, 
constitute the Title Deeds of the European Family. 

The Documents are arranged throughout the entire 
work in chronological order ; each Paper has a distinctive 
Nmnber; and where references are made in one Docu- 
ment to a previous one, the Number is refeiTed to, and 
not the date ; but where subsequent Documents are 
referred to in the Notes, the Dates are given, and not 
the numbers, as it w^as found impossible to fix beforehand 
what the number of each Paper woidd be. 

Each Treaty is preceded by a Table of Contents to 
the subjects contained therein ; and each Article has a 
descriptive heading ; whilst a sub-heading at the top of 
each page is given to denote the subject of the Document, 
or the name by w-hich the Treaty is generally known. 

AVith the view of avoiding the insertion of unnecessary 
matter, the purport only is given of the clauses of Treaties 
where the details are of no European interest. 

Vol. I. EMBRACES THE PERIOD FROM 1814 TO 1827; 

and contains, among other Important Documents : 



Vlii PREFACE. 

The Annexation of Savoy and Nice to France, in 1860. 

The Pacification of SjTia, in 1860. 

The Annexation of Tuscany, Modena, Naples, Sicily, 

Bomagna, Panna, &c., to Sardinia, in 1860. 
The Formation of the Kingdom of Italy, in 1861. 
The Cession of Mentone and Roccabnma to France, in 

1861. 
The Withdrawal of the British Protectorate over the 

Ionian Islands, in 1863. 
The Termination of the Bavarian Order of Succession to 

the Tln'one of Greece, and the recognition of the 

Danish Order of Succession to the Throne of that 

Kingdom, m 1863. 
The Redemption of the Scheldt Toll, and 
The proposed assembly of a European Congi'css for the 

preservation of the Peace of Eiu'ope, in 1863. 



Vol. III. EMBRACES THE PERIOD FROM 1864 TO THE 

PRESENT DATE, 1875, 

and contains the Treaties and other Documents relating 
to : 

The Union of the Ionian Islands to Greece, in 1864. 

The Amelioration of the condition of the Wounded, m 

War, m 1864. 
The Conferences in London relative to the War between 

Austria, Prussia, and Denmark, in 1864. 
The Convention of Vienna, of 1864, and of Gasteui, of 

1865, relative to the Dachies of Schleswig and 

Holstein. 
The Union of the PiiiicipaUties of ifoldaviu and Wallachia, 

in 1864 and 1866. 
The War between Austria and Pnissia, in 1866. 
The Treaty of Peace of Prague, of 23rd August, 1866, and 

of Vienna, of 3rd October, 1866, by which the Lorn- 

bardo-Venetian Kingdom was ceded to Italy. 



PREFACE. IX 

The Annexation of Hanover, Hesse-Oassel, Nassau, Frank- 
fort, Holstein, Sehleswig, Waldeck, &c., to Prussia, in 
1866. 

The Dissolution of the Germai)ie Confederation, in 1866, 
the formation of the North German Confederation, in 
1867, and of the German Empire, in 1871. 

The Luxemburg Treaty of 1 1th May, 1867. 

The Declaration with regard to tlie non-use of Explosive 
Projectiles during War, of 1868. 

The War between France and Gennany, in 1870-71, 
and the Treaties of Peace, by whicli Alsace and 
Lorraine were reunited to Germanv. 

The Abrogation in 1871 of the Black Sea Clauses of the 
Treaty of Paris, of 1856. 

The Final Protocol of the Brussels Conference^ of 1874; 
and 

The Proposals for reopening the Conferences, in 1875, 
which were declined by the British Government. 

That these Engagements have been contracted, in 
many instances, with the avowed object of maintaining 
the Balance of Power in, Em-ope. may be readily tested 
by referring to the Index under that heading. 

Many of them have been preceded or followed by 
European Coxferenxes, and full descriptions are given of 
what passed at the deliberations of the most important 
of them imder their respective dates, with a reference to 
the volumes of the '• State Papers " in which the Protocols 
themselves wall Ix* found. 

Declarations of War are also inserted, as well as 
Treaties for the European Guarantee of the Indepen- 
dence and Neutrality of certain States, also Decrees 
annexing Territories, and Protests of the Possessors 
against such Annexations. As the Vienna CONGRE.SS 
Treaty of 1815 is not unfrequently refened to in such 
Protests, a reference is given in the Index, under the 



X PREFACE. 

heading of ** Vienna Congress Treaty/' to every instance 
in which a reference has been made to that Treaty in sub- 
sequent European Documents. 

In order to add to the usefulness of the Work, and to 
make the Boundary Treaties really intelligible, Maps have 
been prepared and inserted, showing the Boundaries 
between the Piincipal States of Europe. In cases in which 
such Maps have been laid before Parliament with the 
Treaties, they have been reduced in size, to avoid the 
inconvenience of unfolding, and have been inserted in the 
volimies after the Treaties. General Maps of the same 
description have also been added, showing the status of 
Europe in 1815 and in 1875. 

The entire Work is published in English. In cases in 

which the Treaties and other Documents have been laid 

* 

before Parliament with English Translations, those 

Translations have been generally adopted, but in cases in 
which they have not been communicated to Parliament, 
Translations from the original language have been care- 
fully made, and in all cases in which the Document has 
been inserted in the *' State Papers," in the French lan- 
guage, a foot note is attached, giving a reference to the 
volume in which a copy of it is to be found. 

The Treaty of Ghent of 1814 is inserted in order to 

* 

show the terms upon which Peace was concluded with the 
United States of America after the French Revolutionary 
War ; but it has not been thought necessary to insert the 
Treaties alluded to therein, or those which have been con- 
tracted with that country since that date, and consequent 
thereon. 

In the Appendix will be found Copies of or Extracts 
from Treaties which were concluded prior to 1814, but 
which are alluded to in the body of the Work as being still 
in force, as well as a reference to the volumes of *' State 
Papers," in which will be found extracts trom and refer- 
ences to other Documents, which it. was not thought neoes- 



PREFACE. XI 

Kary to insert in the body of the Work in their order of 
date. 

The Index, which forms an impoi-tant feature in the 
Work, and is prepared upon an entirely new Plan, gives 
fidl reference to EVERY Name as well as to every Subject 
mentioned in the several Treaties or other International 
Documemts contained in the entu'e Work. 

In conclusion, I can only repeat that the object auned 
at in this Work has been to enable the Statesman and 
the Student, but especially the English Statesman and 
the English Student, to ascertain accurately the Changes 
that have taken place by Treaty in Europe since 1814, and 
how these Changes have been brought about. With this 
view the necessary Documents are given in Three Volumes 
in a complete and connected form. Hitherto, in order to 
obtain this information, it has been necessaiy to consult 
collections of Treaties in many instances published abroad 
and not easily accessible in England ; or to refer to Blue 
Books laid before Parhament, to the " State Papers," or to 
accounts oif these events contained in Treatises on Inter- 
national Law or Intel-national Questions, and other W^orks. 

I am well aware that a Work such as this must, hi some 
measure, be incomplete. Some Documents of little prac- 
tical value have been omitted ; but cveiy impoi-taiit State 
Paper relating to the transactions refen-cd to, will be 
found recorded in these pages. 

No pains have been spared to secure accuracy, and the 
willing labour of my leisure hours during many years has 
been given to make *' The Map of Europe by Treaty " a 
complete and satisfactory Work. 

For the selection of the Papers, the coiTcctness of the 
Translations, and the accuracy of the Maps and Notes, I 
am solely responsible. 

EDWARD HERTSLET. 

Foreign Office^ 

Augusty 1875. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

VOL. I. 



* See Appendix. 



. • 



• . 



No. 1814. PAOB 

1 30th May. Defiuitive Treaty of Peace between G-reat Britain, Austria, 

Portugal, Prussia, Russia, Sweden-, and France. (Paris.) i:,*\ 
Additional, Separate, and Secret Articles. (Paris.) .... t9j 

• .... 30th May. Treaty of Peace between France and Portugal. (Paris.) 
2 8rd Jane. Territorial Convention between Austria and BaTaria. 

The Tyrol, &c. (Parb.) 29 

* .... 14th July. Treaty. Family Compact. Orange-Nassau. (The Hague.) • • 

3 20th July. Treaty of Peace between France and Spain. (Paris.) . . 35 

4. • > > . 2l8t July. Act of Acceptance of Sovereignty of Belgic Provinces by 

Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands. (Hague.) .... 37 

5 13th Aug. Convention between G^^reai Britain and NetherlandB. 

Dutch Colonies. (London.) 42 

* .... 13th Aug. Convention between Great Britain and Sweden. Guada- 

loupe, &c. (London.) 

* .... 26th Aug. Treaty of Claims between Denmark and Prussia. (Berlin.) 
6. .... 24th Dec. Treaty of Peace between Great Britain and the United 

States. Boimdary of British Possessions in North 
America, &c. (Gheift.) *....!.... 48 

1815. 

* .... 22ud Jan. Treaty between Great Britain and Portugal. Renewal of 

Treaties 

7 8th Feb. Declaration of the 8 Powers. Slave Trade. fVlonna.) 60 

8 19th Mar. Regulations of the 8 Powers. Diplomatic Precedence. 

(Vienna.) ry> 

9. .... 20th Mar. Declaration of the 8 Powers. Swiss Confederation. 

(Vienna.) (54 

* . . . . 23th Mar. Treaty of Alliance between Great Britein, Aus-tria, 

Prussia, and Russia. (Vienna.) 

10 29th Mar. Protocol of Conference between tlie 8 Powers. Sar- 
dinian Cessions to Canton of G-eneva. (Vienna.) .... 70 

* . . . . 30th Mar. Convention between Prussia and Russia, relative to 

Warsaw. (Vienna.) 

11 3Iarch. Regulations of the 8 Powers. Free Navigation of Rivers. 

(Vienna.) 75 

* . . . . 24th April. Austrian Proclamation. Union of Lombardo- Venetian 

Kingdom to Austi*ia. (Vienna.) 



. • 






XIV CONTEXTS. VOL. I. 

No. 1815. I'AOR 

12 3rd May^ Treaty between Austria and Russia. Poland. (Vienna.) 0% 

13 3rd May. Treaty between PruBsia and Russia. Poland. (Vienna.) 105 

14 drd May. Additional Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Russia. 

Cracow. (Vienna.) 120 

15 3rd May. Constitution of Cracow. (Vienna.) 127 

16. .... 18th May. Territorial Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and 

Saxony. (Vienna.) 184 

Accession of Great Britain to ditto (IStli September) . . . 145 
17 18th May. Declaration between Prussia and Saxony. House of 

Sclidnburg. (Vienna.) 147 

Acceptance of ditto by the 6 Powers (29th May) 148 

18. .... 19th May. Treaty between Great Britain, Nctheriands, &c. Russian 

Dutch Loan. (London.) 140 

19 20th May. Territorial Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia,- and 

Sardinia. Union of Genoa to Sardinia. Sardinian 

Cessions to Gknera. (Vienna.) 155 

20 27th May. Act of Acceptance by Switieriand of the Declamtiim of 

the 8 Powers of 20th March, 1815. (Zuricji.) 170 

* . . . . 28th May. Territorial Convention between Austria, Bavaria, and 

Prussia. (Eieuznach.) 

2L .... 29th May. Territorial Convention between Hanover and Prussia. 

(Vienna.) 178 

22 31st May. Treaty of Union between Belgium and Holland. 

(Vienna.) 170 

23 31st May. Territorial Convention between Nassau and Prussia. 

(Vienna.) lai 

* . . . . 31 st May. Separate and Secret Article between Nassau and Prussia. 

Territorial. (Vienna.) 

24 1st June. Territorial Convention between Prussia and Saxe-Weimar. 

(Vienna.) 191 

25 4th June. Territorial Treaty between Denmark afid Prussia, 

Pomerania, Lauenburg, &o. (Vienna.) 195 

* .... 7th June. Territorial Treaty between Prussia and Sweden. 

(Vienna.) 

26 8th June. Federative Constitution of Germany. (Vienna.) 200 

27 9th June. Final Act of Congress of Vienna. (Vienna.) * 1J)6 

28 10th June. Territorial Convention between Austria, Prussia, &c. 

Westphalia, Ac (Vienna.) 278 

* .... 12th June. Territorial Convention between Austria and Prussia. 

(Vienna.) 

20 18th June. Protocol. Protests of the Pope against certain clauses 

in Treaties of 1814 and 1815. (Vienna.) 288 

30 Sept., 1814 T Protocols of Conferences between 8 Powers. Congress 

—June, 1815. J of Vienna 286 

31 26ih July. Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, &o. Slave 

Trade. (Paris.) 294 

> » 

* See Appendix. 



33... 

9x» • • 

35... 
36... 



37. .. 



3v. . . 



CONTENT.^. VOL. I. XV 

Ho. 1815. PAGB 

32 12th Aug. Convention between Q-reat Britain and Netherlands. 

Demerara, &c. (London.) 296 

19th Sept. Territorial Trcntr between France and Sardinia. Lower 

Savoj. (Paris.) 303 

22nd Sept. Terrftorial ConTcntiun between Prussia and Saxo- Weimar. 

(Paris.) 305 

23rd Sept. Territorial Treaty between Hanover and Prussia. Laucn- 

burg, &c. (Paris.) 313 

26ih Sept. Holy AlliAnce between Austria, Prussia, and Russia. 

(Paris.) 317 

Invitation to Priuec Regent of Great Britain to accede 

thereto : and Reply 319 

16th Oct. Territorial Treaty between Prussia and Hesse-Cassel. 

(Cassel.) 321 

16th Oct. Territorial Treat v between Prussia and -Hesse-Rotben- 

burg. (Cassel.) , 

3pd Nov. Protocol between the 4 Powers. Territorial Arrange- 
ments. Defence of the Netherlands, Switzerland, 

Gminany, &c 329 

5th Nov. Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, &c. (5 Powers). 

Ionian Islands. (Paris.) 887 

20th Nov. Definitive Treaty of Peace between the Allies and France. 

(Paris.) 842 

Additional Article. Slave Trade • . 350 

20th Nov. Convention between Great Britain and France. Pecu- 
niary Indemnity to Allies. (Paris.) 351 

20th Nov. Convention between Great Britain, &c., and France. 

Military Occupation of France. (Paris.) 366 

20th Nov. Act. Great Britain, Austria, &c. Neutrality of Switzer- 
land and Parts of Savoy. (Paris.) 370 

20th Nov. Treaty of Alliance between Gfeat Britain, Austria, 

Prussia, and Russia. Peace of Europe. (Paris.) .... 372 
20th Nov. Convention between Great Britain, &c., and France. 

Private Claims of Subjects of Allied Powers. (Paris.) 376 
Additional Article. Claims of Counts of Bentheim and 

Steinfurth 396 

Separate Article. France and Russia. Duchy of Warsaw. 397 

46 20th Nov. Convention between Great Britain and France. Claims of 

British Subjects. (Paris.) 39B 

Additional Article. Bordeaux Claims 410 

47. • • • • 20th Nov. Note from Allied Ministers to France. Peace of Europe. 

(Paris.) 411 

48. .... 2l8t Nov. Protocol between tho 5 Powers. Fortifications of Nether- 

lands, Germany, and Savoy 412 

49 2^1th July 1 Protocols between Austria, France, &c. Territorial Ar- 

— 2l8t Nov. J rangements of Europe 414 



40 



41... 

42. .. 

43. .. 

45. .. 



• See Appendix. 



V 



XVI CONTEXTS. VOL. I. 

No. 1816. PAGX 

50 5tli Feb. Protocol Jietwoen Prussia and Hessc-Cassd. Territorial. 

(Fulda.) 417 

51 4th Mar. Territorial Cunvciition between Prussia, Hessc-Cassel, and 

Hc88C-Rotlienburg-(CasBcl) 419 

52 16tli Mar. Treaty between Sardinia, Switzerland and Ocnera. Neu- 
trality of Savoy, &c. (Turin.) 421 

53 14th April. Territorial Ti*eaty between Austria and Bavaria. 

(Munich.) 434 

54 15th June. Territorial Treaty between Prussia and Sehwartzbui^- 

Sondershausen. (Berlin.) 4-14 

55 19th June. Territorial Treaty between Prussia and" Seliwartzbiu*g- 

Rudolstadt. (Berlin.) 148 

56 26th June. Boundary Treaty between the Netherlands and Prussia. 

(Aix-hi-Chapeile.) 451 

57 29th June. Territorial Convention between llesse-Cassel and Hessc- 

Damistadt. (Frankfort.) 454 

58 dOth June. Territorial Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and 

Hesse-Darmstadt. Westphalia, &c. (Frankfort.) . . 457 

59 30th June. Temtorial Treaty between (3'reat Britain and Hesse- 
Darmstadt. Westphalia, &c. (Frankfort.) 472 

60 Ist July. Territorial Convention bet>veen Austria and Prussia. 

Department of the Soar. (Worms.) 474 

61 18th Sept. Territorial Treaty between ^leeklenburg-Strelitz and 

Prussia. Department of the Saar. (Frankfort.) .... 478 

62 7th Oct. Territorial Treat}' between tlie Netlierlands and Prussia. 

(Cleves.) 481 

63 27th Oct. Convention between France and Hamburgh. Bank of 

Hamburgh. (Pai^is.) 483 

64 8th Nov. Territorial Treaty between the Netherlands and Prussia. 

(Frankfort.) 186 

65 16th Nov. Territorial Treaty between Great Britain and the Nether- 
lands. Luxomburi;, &c. (Frankfort.) 497 



1817. 

66 'Ith Feb. Territorial Convention betwtH»n Hanover and Oldenburg. 

(Bremen.) 502 

67 12th Mar. Territorial Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and 

the Netherlanda. Luxemburg, &c. (Frankfort.) .... 501- 
68 12th Mar. Territorial Convention between Hesse-Darmstadt and 

Prussia. Wittgenstein, &c. (Munich.) 500 

69 17th April. Territorial Treaty between the Netherlands and Russia. 

Luxemburg, &.c. (Frankfort.) 511 

70 17th May. Convention between British and Turkish Commitsioners. 

Parga. (Joannina.) 516 

71. 1 . • • 7th June. Accession of Spain to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th 

June, 1815. Parma, Placcntia, Quastalla, &c. (Paris.) 518 



CONTENTS. VOL. I. xvii 

No. 1817. PAQK 

72. .... 8th June. Accession of Spain to Treaties of Paris of 20tli Norember, 

1815. Parma, Placentia, Guaatalla, &c. (Paris.) 521 

73 10th June. Territorial Treaty between the 5 Powers and Spain. 

Parma, Placentia, Guastalla, and Lucca. (Paris.) 524 

74. .... 6th July. Territorial Agreement between Hesse - Darmstadt and 

Prussia. Wittgenstein. (Giessen.) 529 

75 28th Aug. Convention between France and Portugal. French 

Guiana. (Paris.) 530 

76 7th Nov. Treaty between Sardinia and Monaco. Protection. 

(Turin.) 531 

77 llth Nov. Boundary Treaty between Prussia and Bussia. (Berlin.) 539 



1818. 

78 18th April. 'Bussian Patent on Cession of Lordship of Jcvcr to Hoi- 

stein-Oldenburg. (Warsaw.) 540 

79 25th April. Convention between 4 Powers and France. Private Claims 

on France. (Paris.) 541 

{. . 25th April. Convention between Great Britain and France. Claims 
of British Subjects. (Paris.) 550 
. . 25th April. Separate Article. Bordeaux Claims. (Paris.) 553 
4th July. Additional Articles. Bordeaux Claims. (Paris.) 553 

81 30th Sept. Boundary Convention between Austria and Bavaria. 

(Salzburg.) 556 

82. . • . • ^h Oct. Convention between 4 Powers and France. Evacuation 

of France. Pecuniary Indemnity. (Aix-la-Chapelle.) 557 

83 3rd Nov. Protocol. 4 Powers and France. French Pecuniary In- 
demnity. (Aix-la-CliapcUe.) 561 

84 4th Nov. Note. 4 Powers to France. Termination of Military 

Occupation of France. In^-itation to Franco to join in 
Conferences of Allies. (Aix-la-Chapelle.) 564 

85 12th Nov. Note. France to Allies. Acceptance of Invitation to 

join Conferences. Union of the 5 Powers. (Aix-la- 
Chapelle.) 567 

86 llth Nov. Protocol. 5 Powers. Toll of Elsflcth. (Aix-la-Chapelle.) 569 

87, 15th Nov. Protocol. 5 Powers. Union of Austria, France, Great 

Britain, Prussia, and Russia. Maintenance of the Peace 

of Europe. (Aix-la-Chapelle.) 571 

88 15th Nov. Declaration of the 5 Powers. Maintenance of the Peace 

of Europe. (Aix-la-Cliapelle.) 573 

89, .... 21st Nov. Protocol. 5 Powers. Diplomatic Precedence of Minis- 
ters Besidont. (Aix-la-Chapelle.) 575 



1819. 

90, .... 2nd Feb. Definitive Arrangement. 5 Powers. French Pecuniary 

Indemnity. (Paris.) 579 

b 



xvm CONTENTS. VOL. I. 

No. 1819. FAGK 

91. • • 2 1th April. Act of Ratification by the Sultan of the Cession of tlic 

Ionian Islands to Great Britain, and of Parga to Tur- 
key. (Constantinople.) 570 

92. • . 21st May. Territorial Treaty between Prussia and Mecklenburg- 

Strelita. (Berlin.) 583 

93. • • 10th July. Territorial Convention between Austria and Baden. 

(Frankfort.) 581- 

94. • • loth July. Treaty between Grcai Britain, &c. (4 Powers), and 

Baden. Grand Duchy of Baden. (Frankfort.) ...... 586 

95. • • 20th July. Gkneral Treaty (Rec^s General) between Great Britain, 

Austria, &c. 4t Powers. (Frankfort.) 589 

96. • • 28th Aug. Boundary Convention between Prussia and Saxony. 

(Dresden.) 616 

97. • • 27th Oct. Protocol. Austria and Baden. Wertheim. (Aschaffcn- 

burg.) 622 

98. • • 27th Oct. Protocol. Austria and Bavaria. Wertheim. (Asehaf- 

fenburg.) 622 

1820. 

• 99. . • 28th Mar. Boundary Treaty. Franco und Netherlands. (Courtray.) 624 

100. . . 1 0th May. Territorial Convention. Hcsse-Casscl and Hesse-Rothen- 

burg. Ratibor and Rauden. (Casscl.) G28 

101. 10th May. Convention between Ilosse-Cassel and Hessc-Rothenburg. 

Ratibor and Rauden. (Cassel.) 630 

102. i 0th May. Convention between IIe9se-Ca8s<^l and Hcsso-Rothenburg. 

Ratibor and Rauden. (Cassel.) 632 

103. • • loth May. Convention between Hcsse-Cassel and Ilesse-Rotlieuburg. 

Corvoy. (Cassel.) 634 

104. . . 15th May. Final Act between Austria, Prussia, &c. Germanic Fede- 

ration. (Vienna.) 636 

105. • • ^*th Doc. Circular of Austria, Prussia, and Russia. Conferences of 

IVoppau. .S;)ain, Naples, &c. (Troppau.) 658 

106. • • 21th Doc. Convention between Baden and Switzerland. Nellen- 

burg. (Carlsruhe.) 662 

* . . Oct. — Dec. Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 

Fran(^e, Prussia, and Russia. Affairs of Naples. 
(Tropi^u.) 

1821. 

107. • • 19th Jan. British Circular. Conferences of Layboeh. Naples, &.c, 

(London.) 664 

*" . . Jan., Feb. Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 

France, Prussia, aiKl Russia. Affairs of Naples. 
(Laybai'h.) 

108. •• 12th May. Declaration of Austria, Prussia, and Russia. Conferences 

of Laybach. Naples, &c. (Lay bach.) 667 

• See Appendix. 



CONTENTS. VOL. I. xix 

No. 1821. PACK 

109. • • 25th May. Boundary Conrention between Austria and Parma. 

(Plaoentia.) 670 

110. • • 23rd June. Convention between Austria, Prussia, &c. Elbe Naviga- 

tion. (Dresden.) 671 

1822. 

111. . . 23rd June. Convention between Prussia, Saxony, &c. Elbe Naviga- 

tion. (Dresden.) 688 

112. • • 26th Not. Treaty between Parma and Sardinia. Boundaiy of Genoa. 

(Turin.) 698 

113. . . 28th Nov. Resolutions of 5 Powers. Slave Trade. (Verona.) .... 695 

1823. 

114. • • 23rd April. Declaration of War by Spain against France. (Seville.) 697 

115. • • 6th Jose. British Proclamation of Neutrality in Foreign Wars. 

Enlistments, &c 698 

116. • • 6th Aug. Patent of Duke of Oldenburg, on taking Possession of 

Jevcr. (Oldenburg.) 705 

117. •• 9th Sept. Separate Convention between Hanover and Bremen. 

Navigation of the Weser. (Minden.) 706 

lis. • • 10th Sept. Convention between Prussia, Hanover, &c. Navigation 

oftheWoser. (Minden.) 707 

119. • . 10th Sept. Separate Convention between Hanover and Bremen. 

Navigation of the Wescr. (Minden.) 710 

• 

1824. 

120. • • 24th June. Agreement between Brunswick and Hanover. Eegula- 

tion of Frontiers. (Brunswick.) 711 

121. . . 2nd July- Boundary Treaty between Hanover and Netherlands. 

(Meppen.) 716 

122. . . 4th Nov. Prooes Verbal between France, Switzerland, and Ncuf- 

chatel. Frontier between France and Neufchatel. 
(Ncufchatel.) 718 

1825. 
123- .. 8th June. Come, tion between Oldenburg and Count Bentinck. 

Seignory of Kniphausen. (Berlin.) 722 

124. •• 5th July. Boundary Convention between Bavaria and France. 

(Paris.) 727 

125. . . 30th Sept. British Proclamation of Neutrality in Contest between 

Turkey and Greece. (Windsor.) 731 

126. • • 9th Dec. Boundary Convention between Bavaria and France. 

(Weissenburg.) 786 

127. • • 2l8t Dec. Supplementary Convention between Prussia, Hanover, &c. 

Navigation of the Weser. (Bremen.) 728 

b 2 



XX CONTEXTS. VOL. I. 

No. 1826. PACK 

128. • • ^^ Mar. Engagement of Germanic Confederation. Guarantee of 

Treaty of 8th June, 1825. (KniphauBcn.) 739 

129. • • ^h April. Protocol. Great Britain and BuBsia. Mediation of Great 

Britain between Turkey and Greece. (St. Petcrsbuigb.) 741 

130. • • l^li May. Boundary Conyention between Russia and Sweden. 

Lapland. (St. Petersburgb.) 744 

131. • • 7tb Oct. Boundary Convention and Separate Act between Bussia 

and Turkey. (Ackermann.) 747 

132. • • 14tb Dec. British Circular and Message of King of Great Britain to 

Parliament relative to Hostilities between Spain and 
Portugal 760 

133. • • 26ih Doc. Boundary Treaty between Austria and Bussia. (Brody.) 762 

1827. 

134. • • 30th Jan. Boundary Convention between Baden and France. Islands 

oftheBhine. (Strasburg.) 764 

135. .• 11th June. Declaration between France and Prussia. District of 

Leyen. (Paris.) 767 

138. • • 6th July. Treaty between Great Britain, France, and Bussia. Paci- 
fication of Greece. (London.) 769 

137. • • 22nd Doc. Boimdaiy Treaty between Hanover and Prussia. (Tburg.) 775 
• . . Aug.-Doc. Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, France, 

and Bussia. Pacification of Greece. (Constantinople.) . , 



VOL. II. 
1828. 

138. • • 26th April. Bussian Declaration of War against Turkey. (St. Peters* 

bui^h.) 777 

139. • • 26th ApriL Bussian Manifesto of War against Turkey. (St. Pet«rs- 

burgh .) 735 

140. • • June. Turkish Declaration of War against Bussia 787 

141. . . 12th Deo. Protocol. Great Britain, France, and Bussia. 

Boundaries of Greece, &c. (Poros.) 798 

1829. 

142. • • 22nd Mar. Protocol. Great Britain, France, and Bussia. Boundaries 

of Greece. (Loudon.) 804 

143. . . 10th July. Boundary Treaty between Austria and Bussia. (Badzi- 

wilow.) ' 810 

144. . . 9th Sept. Turkish Declaration of Accession to Treaty of 6th July, 

1827, for Pacification of Greece. (Constantinople.) . . 812 
146. • • 14th Sept. Treaty of Peace between Bussia and Turkey. (Adrianople.) 813 
146. . . , Ist Oct. Turkish Hatti-Sheriff relative to Servia. (Constanti- 
nople.) 832 

• S^oe Appendix. 



No. 
147. 

148. 



149. 
150. 



151. 

152. 
153. 
154. 
155. 
156. 



157. 
158. 
159. 
160. 
161. 

162. 

163. 
164. 



CONTENTS. VOL. H. xxi 

1829. PAGE 

1st Oct. Russian Manifesto. Peace with Turkey. (St. Peten- 

bupgh.) 885 

23rd Oct. Boundary CouTention between France and Prussia. 

(Sarrebruck.) 887 

1830. 

Srd Feb. Protocol. Great Britain, France, and Busaia. Inde- 
pendence of Q-reece. (London-) 841 

October Turkish Firman. Affairs of Servia. (Constantinople.) 842 
1827 — 1830. Protocols between Great Britain, France, and Russia. 

Pacification of Greece. (London.) 

1831. 

31st Mar. Oonrention and Regulations between Baden, France, 

Slc. Navigation of the Rhine. (Mayence.) 848 

17th April Protocol. Great Britain, Austria, &c, Dutch 

Fortresses. (London.) 856 

15th Nov. Treaty between Great Britain, &c., and Belgium. 

Separation of Belgium from Holland. (London.) 858 
IGtli Nov. Convention between Great Britain and Russia. 

Russian-Dutch Loan. (London.) 872 

23rd Nov. British Protest against Russian Proceedings in 

Poland. (London.) 875 

14th Dec. Convention between Great Britain, &c., and Belgium. 

Belgic Fortresses. (London.) 881 

1832. 

3rd Jan. Russian Answer to British Protest against Russian 

Proceedings in Poland. (St. Petersburgh.) 885 

26t]i Feb. Russian Manifesto relative to Poland. (St. Peters- 
burgh.) 891 

7th May Convention between Great Britain, &c., and Bavaria. 

Sovereignty of Ghrccce. (London.) 893 

3rd July British Protest against Russian Manifesto relative to 

Poland. (London.) 900 

21st July Arrangement between Great Britain, France, Russia, 
and Turkey. Greek Boundary. (Constanti- 
nople.) 903 

22nd Oct. Convention between Great Britain and France, 

relative to Netherlands and Belgium. (London.) 909 
Ist Nov. Family Compact. Bavaria and Greece. (Munich.) 913 

10th Nov. Convention between Belgium and France. Entrance 

of French Army into Belgium. (Brussels.). . .... 016 

• See Appendix. 



CONTENTS. VOL. IL 

Ko. 1833. ^^^' 

155 3l8t Feb. Act of Greek Goyemment. Boundary. (Nauplia.) 917 

166. •••• 30th April Explanatory and Supplementary Article between 

Great Britain, Bavaria, France, and Bussia. 

Sorereignty of Greece. (London.) 919 

167 21«tMay Convention between Great Britain, France, and 

Netherlands. Friendly Relatione. (London.) . . 921 
Explanatory Article. Luxemburg and Limburg, &c. 923 

168 8th July Treaty of DefenriTC Alliance between Ruasia and 

Turkey. (IJnkiar Skelesei.) 926 

„ Separate Article. Closing of the Dardanelles .... 927 

26th Aug. British Protest against ditto 928 

169, .... Dec. Turkish Firman relative to Servia 929 

• .... 1830 to 1833. Protocols and Correspondence. (5 Powers.) Affairs 

of Belgium 



1834. 

170. • • • • 29th Jan. Treaty between Russia and Turkey. Moldavia and 

Wallachia. Asiatic Boundary. (St. Petersburgh.) 936 

171 22nd April Treaty between Great Britain, France, Spain, and 

Portugal. Pacification of the Penii^sula. (London.) 941 

172 31st May Territorial Treaty between Prussia and Saxo-Coburg. 

Cession of Lichtenberg to Prussia. (Berlin.) .... 945 

173. • • • • 18th Aug. Additional Articles between Great Britain, France, 

&c. Pacification of Spain and Portugal. 
(London.) 949 

174. . . . • 1834 Turkish Hatti-Sheriff reUtive to Molda> ia and Wal- 

lachia • 951 



1835. 

175 4th March Treaty between Prussia and Russia. Polish Boimd- 

aries. (Berlin.) 953 

176 27th April Convention between Commanders-in-Chief of Bellige- 
rent Armies in Spain. (Logrofto.) 956 

177. •••• SlstDec. Declaration between Prussia and Russia. Boundaries. 

(Berlin.) 959 



1836. 

178 27th Mar. Convention between Russia and Turkey. Turkish 

Indemnity, &c. (Constantinople.) 961 

179. . . . • 3rd Sept. Circular of Saxony. House of Schonburg. 

(London.) 963 

180. • • • • 13th Dec. Boundary Act between Prussia and Russia. (Tamo- 

witi.) 964 

* See Appendix. 



COXTEKTS. VOL. U. XXIU 

Ko. 1837. PACK 

181 25th Not. Boundazy Treaty between HanoTor and PrtUMu. 

(Buckeburg.) UC4» 



1838. 
182 24th Dec. Toridsh Firman relatiro to Servia 0<{S 



1839. 

183 19th April Treaty botwcen Great Britain, &c., and Netherlands. 

Separation of Holland and Belgium. Luxcmbun; 

and Limburg. (London.) l)7i) 

,, Annex.' Belgian Limits. Independence and Neu- 
trality of Belgium 982 

184 19th April Treaty between Belgium and Netherlaudt). Sepani- 

tiou. (Loudon.) \)\H 

185 19th April Treaty between Great Britain, &c., and Bt^lgiuni. 

Separation of Uolland and Belgium. Luxemburfr 
and Limburg. Independence and Neutrality of 
Belgium. Chiarantee of 5 Powcrfl. (London.) . . \YMi 

186. • . • • 19tli April Act of Accession of Germanic Confederation to 

Arrangements relative to Luxemburg. (London.) Jl9l> 

187 27th June Convention between Netherlands and Nassiiu. 

Luxemburg. (Wiesbaden.) I0()1 

188 3rd Nov. Turkish Uatti-Sheriff. Administration of Ottomiin 

Empire. (Gulhand.) 10)2 



1840. 

189 6th April Boundary Convention between Bjulen and France. 

Islands of the Rhine. (Carlnruhe.) UHHi 

190 15th July Convention between Great Britain, &c. (4 Powern) uiul 

Turkey. Pacification of the l^t^vant. (liondon.).. 1(X)8 

,, Separate Act, ditto. Pacha of Kjrypt, &c 1012 

,, Protocols. 4 Powers. Durdtuiellcs and BosphoruH. 

Egypt. (London.) 1021 

191 25th July Convention between Austria and Kufsia. Naviga- 
tion of the Danube. (St. Petersburg! i.) lOlG 

192 17th Sept. Protocol. 4 Powers and Turkey. Pacification of tin* 

Levant. Non-increase of Territory. (London.).. 1(123 



1841. 

12th Feb. Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Ucrcditary Succc^<- 
sion, &c., in Eg^ypt 



. * • 



* Sec Appendix. 



XXIV CONTEXTS. VOL. H. 

No- 1841. PAGE 

• May Finnan of the Sultan of Turkey. Tribute to be paid 

by Egypt 

• .... 1 Hi Juno Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Hereditary Succes- 

sion in Egypt, &c , , 

193 13tli July Convention botrreen Great Britain, Ac. (5 Powers) 

and Turkey. Dardanelles and Bospborus. 
(London.) , 1024 



1842. 

194 Ist July. Convention between Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt, and 

Wurtemberg. Navigation of the Neckar. (Carls- 
ruhe.) 1027 

195 5th Xov. Boundary Treaty between Belgium and Netherlands. 

(Hague.) 1020 



1843. 

196. .... 8th Aug. Boundary Convention between Belgium and Nether- 
lands, (^lacstricht.) 1031 



1844. 

197 30th Jan. Boundary Treaty between Austria and Bavaria. Tyrol 

and Vorarlberg. (Munich.) 1084 

198 I3th April Convention between Austria, Prussia, &c. Stade Toll. 

(Dresden.) 1036 

199 22nd July Treaty between Great Britain and Hanover. Stade 

Toll. (London.) 1041 

200 2Sth Nov. Boundary Treaty between Lucca, Modena, Tuscany, 

Au2«tria, and Sardinia. (Florence.) 1045 

„ Separate and Secret Articles. (Ditto.) 1059 



1846. 

201. . • . • 6th Nov. Convention between Austria, Prussia, and Bussia. 

Annexation of Cracow to Austria. (Cracow.). . . . 1061 
202 1 1th Nov. Austrian Declaration. Annexation of Cracow. 

(Vienna.) 1065 

203 23nl Nov. British Protest again:*t Annexation of Cracow to 

Austria. (lA»ndon.) 1068 

• .... 23nl Nov. Views of British G\^vemment. luviobbility of 

Trt'aties. (London.) 

204 3n,i DiH\ French IHx^tcst against Annexation of Cracow to 

Aust ria. (Paris.) 1073 



• See Appendix. 



CONTENTS. VOL. II. XXV 

No. 1847. PAGK 

205 2l8t May Protocol. Great Britain, France, Portugal, and 

Spain. Pacification of Portugal. (London.) .... 1077 

206 4th Oct. Boundary Treaty between Lucca and Tuscany. 

(Florence.) 1080 

207 19th Not. Prussian Declaration. Neutrality of Neufchatel and 

Valengin. (Berlin.) 1083 

208 9th Dec. Boundary Treaty between Lucca and Tuscany. 

(Florence.) 1084 

184&. 

209 5th Mar. Boundary Treaty between Austria and Saxony. 

(Dresden.) .*. 1087 

• .... 10th Oct. Views of British Gk)Temment. Proposed European 

Congress. (London.) 

210 18th Sept. Sardinian Decree. Annexation of Mentono and 

Boccabruna. (Turin.) 1089 

1849. 

211 Ist May Act between Russia and Turkey, relative to Moldavia 

and Wallachia. (Balta Liman.) 1090 

212. • • . • 3rd July Treaty between Austria, Modena, and Parma. Navi- 
gation of the Po. (Milan.) 1095 

213 3rd July Convention between Austria and Parma. Islands of 

the Po. (Milan.) 1104 

214 10th July Preliminaries of Peace between Denmark and Prussia. 

(Berlin.) 1106 

215 6th Aug. Treaty of Peace between Austria and Sardinia. 

(MiUn.) 1109 

216 8th Aug. Treaty between Austria and Modena. Limits, &c., of 

the Po. (Milan.) 1112 

217 7th Dec. Treaty for the Cession of Hohenzollem to Prussia. 

(Berlin.) 1115 

1850. 

218 12th Feb. Act of Accession of the Pope to Treaty of 3rd July, 

1849. Navigation of the Po. (Portici.) . , 1123 

219 12th Mar. Prussian Decree for the Incorporation of Hohenzol- 
lem with Prussia. (Charlottenburg.) 1124 

220 17*^ M*y Treaty between Prussia and Lippe. Cession of Lipp- 

stadt to Prussia. (Berlin.) 1125 

221. • • • • 2nd July Treaty of Peace between Prussia, &c., and Denmark. 

Holstcin. (Berlin.) 1129 

„ Secret Articles. Succession in Denmark 1131 

4th July Explanatory Note 1132 



• See Appendix. 



XXVI COXTEXT.S. VOL. n. 

KO. 185a 9JLGE 

222 4di Julj ProtoooL Oreat Briuin, Le^ mnd BmnuriL Inie- 

gritj of BsBuh MoDsrcfaj. (London.) 1133 

223 2ndAng. ProtocoL Ditto. Ditto 1186 

224-.... 2ndAiig. ProtocoL Ditto. Ditto 1137 

225 90th Aug. ConrentioD between Boaua and Hetfacxfands. Old 

BatfiAnDebt. (Hague.) 1139 

226 13th Not. ProtocoL Aostria and Busaia. Narigition of the 

Danube. (Vienna.) 1142 

227 2&th XoT. Agreement between AuBtria and PruMia. Holstein and 

HeMe-Cassel. (Ohnutz.) 1143 

228. . . • • 16th Dec. Supplementary Boundary Treaty beiwwn Austria and 

Bararia. Tyrol and Vomrlberg. (Mimich.) .... 1146 

185L 

229 ^h June Protocol between Denmark and Pnuaia. Danish Sue- 

cession. (Warsaw.) 1148 

1852. 
230 Sth May Treaty between Great Britain, kc, and Denmark. Danish 

Succession. (London.) 1161 

231 20th Not. Treaty between Chreat Britain, &c., and Greece. Greek 

Succession. (London.) 1156 

1853. 

232 22nd May Patent of the Duko of Anhalt. Union of Anhalt-Coethen 

and Anhalt'Dessau. (Dessau.) 1159 

233 20th July Territorial Treaty between Oldenburg and Prussia. 

Bay of Jahde, Ac. (Berlin.) 1161 

234 4th Oct. Turkish Declaration of War against Bussia. (Constan- 
tinople.) 1171 

235 Ut l)oT. Kussian Declaration of War against Turkey. (Tsaiskoe- 

Selo.) 1177 

236. • • • • I't/ Dec. Supplementary Arrangement between Oldenburg and 

rrutfsia. Bay of Jahde. (Berlin.) , 1179 

1854. 

237. • • • • 12th Mar. Treaty between Great Britain, France, and Turkey. 

Military Aid to Turkey. (Constantinople.) 1181 

238 27th Mar. Message to British Houses of Parliament. War with 

Bussia 1185 

239 27th Mur. Message to French Legislatire Chambers. War with 

Bussia 1186 

240 28th Mar. British Declaration. War with Bussia 1187 

241. <.«•• 9th April Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, France, and 

Prussia. Integrity of Ottoman Empire. (Vienna.) . . 1191 

242. • • • t 10th April Conreution between Great Britain and France. MiUtary 

Aid to Turkey. (London.) 1193 



jCONTENTS. VOL. II. XXvii 

No. 1854. PAtiK 

243 17th April Protest of Serbia against occupation by Austrian Troops. 

(Belgrade.) 119(> 

244. .... 20tli April Treaty of Alliance between Austria and Prussia. (Berlia.) 1201 
245 23rd April Kussian Manifesto. War with Great Britain, France^ 

and Turkey. (St. Petersburgh.) 1205 

246 lOth May CouTention between Great Britain and France. Joint 

Captures. (London.) 1207 

247 10th May Conyention between Great Britain and France. Prisoners 

of War. (London.) 1210 

248. • • • . 23rd May Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, France, and 

Prussia. Integrity of Ottoman Empire. (Vienna.) . . 1212 
249 14th June Conyention between Austria and Turkey. Danubian 

Principalities. (Boyadji-Keuy.) 1213 

250 8th Aug. Notes exchanged between Great Britain and Austria. 

Conditions of Peace with Bussia. (Vienna.) 1216 

251 3l8t Oct. Boundary Treaty between Baden and Switzerland 1219 

252 2nd Dec. Treaty of Alliance between Great Britain, Austria, and 

France. fV^ienna.) 1221 

253 28th Dec. Memorandum presented by Great ^^ritain, Austria, 

and France to Russia. Bases of Coiiforcnccs. Eastern 

Question 1225 

1855. 
254 24th Jan. Convention between Great Britain and France. Supplies 

to Turkish Army. (London.) 1227 

255 26th Jan. ConTention between Great Britain, France, and Sardinia. 

Military. (Turin.) 122S 

256 26th Jan. Convention between Groat Britain and Sardinia. Loan. 

(Turin.) 1230 

257 3rd Feb. Convention between Great Britain and Turkey. Turkish 

Troops in British Service. (Constantinople.) 1231 

258 Mar.-June Protocols of Conferences botween Great Britain, Austria, 

France, Kussia, and Turkey. Kas^teni Question. 

(Vienna.) 1233 

259 27th Juno Convention between Great Britain, France, and Turkey. 

Loan to Turkey. (London.) 1231. 

260 1^^ J^y Declaration between Great Britain and France. Trophies 

and Booty. (Paris.) 1237 

261 27th July Declaration between Great Britain and France, l^irkish 

Loan. (London.) 1239 

262 21st Nov. Treaty between Great Britain, France, and Sweden. 

Integrity of Sweden and Norwn} . (^ftockholm.) .... 1211 

1856. 

263 18th Feb. Turkish Firman and Hatti-Sheriir. Privileges and 

Reforms in IHirkey. (Hatti-Uumaioun.) 1243 

264. .... 30th Mar. Treaty of Peace between Great Britain, &c., and Russia. 

(Paris.) 1250 



XXVIJI 



COXTEXT.^. VOL. H. 



Ko. 


1856. 


265. .. 


.. 30th Mar, 


266. .. 


. . 30tb M«r. 


267... 


.. dOthKar. 


268. .. 


. . Fcb.-Ajwil 


260. .. 


., 14th Apnl 


270. . . 


, . 15th April 


271. . . 


. 16th April 


272. . . 


.. 28th April 


273. . . 


.. 13th May 


274. . . 


. . 3r(l June 


275. . . 


. 2ijd Dec. 




1857. 


277. . . 


. . 6th Jan. 


276. . . 


. . 7th .Tan. 


• .. 


, , Fob.-Mar. 


• 

• • 


.. 14th Mar. 


278. . . 


.. 14th Mar. 


279. .. 


.. 14th Mar. 


280. . . 


.. llthApril 


281. ... 


. 26th May 


ZoZi • « 


,. 19th Juno 


2oo. • • • 


. 5th Dc<\ 



9AGE 
Conreniion betireen Great Britain, &c., and Turkey. 

Dardanelles and Bosphonu, (Paru.) 1266 

ConTention between Buisia and Turkey. Xaral Forces 

in Black .Sea. (Paris.) 1270 

Conyention between Oreat Britain, France, and Bnasia. 

Aland IshmdB. (Paris.) 1272 

Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 

Slc. Tcsce with Bu3«ia. (Psna.) 1274 

Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, 

Russia, Sardinia, and Turkey. Mediation. (Paris.) . • 1277 
Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, and France. 

Integrity of Ottoman Empire. (Paris.) 1280 

Declaration between Great Britain, Austria, &c. Maritime 

Law. (Paris.) 1282 

British Proclamation. of Peace with Russia 1285 

Convention between Great Britain, France, Sardinia, and 

Turkey. Evacuation of Ottoman Territory. (Con- 
stantinople.) 1286 

Convention between Great Britain and Sardinia. Further 

Loan to Sardinia. (Turin.) 1288 

13oundary Treaty between France and Spain. (Bayonne) 1291 

Protocol between Great Britain, Turkey, &c. Bessarabian 

Frontier. Delta of Danube. Isle of Serpents. (Paris.) 1298 

British Note explanator)' of ditto. (Paris.) 1296 

Protocols between Great Britain, &c., and Denmark. 
Sound Dues. (Copenhagen.) « • 

Protocol between Great Britaini &c., and Denmark. 
Sound Dues. (Copenhagen.) 

Treaty between Great Britain, &c., and Denmark. Sound 

Dues. (Copenhagen.) 1301 

Convention between Great Britain and Denmark. Soimd 

Dues. (Ck>pcnhagen.) 1310 

Definitive Act between the Commissioners of Great 
Britain, Austria, &c., and Turkey. Bessarabian Frontier. 
(KichincfT.) 1313 

Treaty botweon Great Britain, &c., and Switzerland. 

Noufcliatol and Valengin. (Paris.) 1 816 

Tn^nty between Great Britain, &c., and Turkey. Bessa- 
rabian Frontier, Isle of Serpents, and Delta of the 
Danube. (Pjiris.) 1320 

Final Act of the Commissioners of Great Britain, France, 
Russia, and Turkey. Turco-Russian Frontier in Asia. 
(Constantinople.) 1323 

• Sec Appendix. 



CONTEXT^^. VOL. II. xxix 

No. 1858. FAGK 

284 38th April Protocol between Great Britain, &c., and Turkey. Turco- 

Boseiau Frontier in Asia. (Paris.) 1325 

285 May-Aug. Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, &c., and 

Turkey. Moldaxia and Wollacliia. (Paris.) 1327 

286 lOtli Aug. Conyention between Great Britain, &c., and Turkey. 

Moldavia and Wallacliia. (Paris.) 1329 

287 lltliSept. Supplementary Act between Russia and Turkey. Turco- 

Bussian Boundary. (Hadji-Bairam.) 1350 

288 Sth Not. Proc^s-Terbal between Groat Britain, Austria, <&,c., and 

Turkey. Montenegro, &c. (Constantinople.) 1353 

289 28tb Dec. Additional Boundary Convention between France and 

Spain. (Bayonne.) 1355 

1859. 

290 14th Mar. Swiss Declaration. Neutrality in event of War between 

Austria and Italy. (Bemc.) 1356 

291 19th April Austrian Ultimatum to Sardinia. (Vienna.) 1359 

292 26th April Sardinian Beply to Austrian Ultimatum 1361 

293 28th April Austrian Declaration of War against Sardinia. (Vienna.) 1362 

294 29thApril Sardinian Declaration of War against Austria. (Turin.) 1365 

295 3rd May Communication to French Chambers. War with Austria. 1367 

296 3rd May French Proclamation of War against Austria. (Paris.). . 1368 

297. • • • • 4th May British Circular. War between Austria and France and 

Sardinia. (London.) ] 370 

298 11th July Preliminary Treaty of Peace between Austria and Franco. 

(ViUafranca.) 1374 

299 Apr. -Sept. Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, &e., and 

Turkey. Moldavia and Wallachia. (Paris.) 1376 

300. •••• Gth Sept. Protocol of Conference between Great Britain, &c., and 

Turkey, llospodar of Moldavia and Wallachia. (Paris.) 1377 

301 lOtli Nov. Treaty of Peace between Austria and FranGt\ (Zurich.). . 13vS0 

302 10th Nov. Treaty of Peace between France and Sardinia. Cession 

of Lombardy. (Zurich.) 1302 

303 10th Nov. Treaty of Peace between Austria, France, and Sardinia. 

(Zurich.) 1 101 

304 lOth Nov. Declaration between Austria and France. Fortresses of 

Placentia, Ferrara, and Commachio. (Zimch.) 1412 

305 10th Nov. Declaration between Austria and France. Proposed for- 
mation of Italian Confederation. (Zurich.) 1113 

306. • • • • 21st Nov. Protocol between Austria, France, and SarcUnia. Boun- 

clan* along the River Po. (Zurich.) , 1114 

1860. 

307 15th Mar. Swiss Protest against annexation of Cliablais, Faucigny, 

and Genevese to France. (Paris.) 1415 

308 18th Mar. Sardinian Decree annexing Provinces of Emilia to Sar- 
dinia. (Turin.) 1416 



» « 



XXXJI CONTEXTS. VOL. HI. 

No. 1863. PAGE 

348 ICthJulj Treaty betireen GretA BriUun, &e., and Belgium. Se- 

demption of the Scheldt TolL (Bnueels.) 1550 

349. • « • • l^th 'Jul J Protocol between Great Britain, &c.y and Belginm. De- 
claration of Xetheriands of 15th Jtdj, 1863. Schddt 
Toll. (Brussels.) : 1557 

350 1st Aug. Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, kc. (5 Powers). 

Union of Ionian Islands to Greece. (London.) 155U 

351. • • • • 3rd Aug. Conyention between Great Britain and Belgium. Scheldt 

Toll. (Brussels.) 1561 

352 3rd Aug. Protocol between Great Britain, France, Bussia, and Den- 
mark. King of the Hellenes. (London.) 1563 

353 13tli Oct. Protocol between Chieat Britain, France, Russia, and Den- 
mark. King of the Hellenes. (London.) 156^ 

354 19th Oct. Decision of Assembly of Ionian States in favour of Union 

of Ionian Islands to Greece. (Corfu.) 1565 

356 14th Not. Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, &c. (5 Powers.) 

Ionian Islands. Treaty of 5th NoTember, 1815, annulled. 
(London.) 1569 

356. . . • • Nov. Correspondence between Great Britain and France. 

Proposed Congress for Preservation of Peace of Europe 1575 



VOL. III. 
1864. 

357 20th Mar. Treaty between Great Britain, France, Russia, and 

Greece. Union of the Ionian Islands to Greece. 

(London.) 1589 

358 20th Mar. Convention between Great Britain and Greece. British 

Claims, &c. Ionian Islands. (London.) 1596 

359 .Tan. -Mar. Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 

dec. (5 Powers). Union of Ionian Islands to Greece. 

Greek Succession. (London.) 1601 

35Q 8rd May Protocol between Turkey and Montenegro. Frontiers of 

Montenegro. (Cettigne.) 1602 

3Q2 28th May Protocol between Commissioners of Great Britain and 

Greece. Withdrawal of British Forces from Ionian 

Islands. (Corfu.) 1606 

„ Proclamation of Lord High Commissioner. Cessation of 

British Protectorate 1609 

3Q2 Apr.-Juno Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 

Prussia, &c., and Denmark. Re>establishment of Peace 

between Austria, Prussia, and Denmark. (London.). . 1611 
3Q3 20th June Additional Act between the Porte and Prince Couza. 

United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. 

(Constantinople.) 1613 

3Q4 28Ui June l*rotocol. Adhesion of 6 Powers to ditto 1620 

3Q5 22nd Aug. Convention between Baden, &c., and Switzerland. 

Wounded in War. (Ckneva.) 1621 



« 



CONTENTS. VOL. IH. XXXlii 

Ho. 1864, P^cn 

8W 16th Sept. OonTention between Franoe and Italj. Evacuation of 

Papal Statee by French Troopa. (Paris.) 1627 

367 aOth Oct. Treaty of Peace between Austria, Prussia, and Daimark. 

Duchies ofSchleswigHolatein and Lauenburg. (Vienna:) 1630 

1865. 

ftOfi I8ih Feby . Accession of Ghreat Britain to Oonyention of 22nd August, 

•** '■•^ 1864, relative to Wounded in War. (London.) 1(184 

389 8th April Accession of Turkey to Treaty of 29th March, 1864, for 

the Union of the Ionian Islands to Greece. (Constan- 
tinople.) 1686 

370 14th Aug. Conyention between Austria and Prussia. Duchies of 

Schleswig Holstein and Lauenburg. (Ghutein.) ...... 1688 

371 13th Sept. Prussian Patent taking possession of the Duchy of Lauen- 
burg. (Berlin.) 1648 

372 14th Sept. British Circular respecting Annexation of Danish Duchies 

to Prussia. (London.). 1646 

1866. 

878 26th May Boundary Treaty between Prance and Spain. (Bayonne.) 1647 

874. • • . . 26th May Boundary Act between Franoe and Spain. (Bayonne). . 1649 

* . . . . 27th May Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Order of Succession in 

Fgypt • 

* . . . . 4th June Russian and Turkish Declaration. Inviolability of 

Treaties 

375 Mar.-June ProtocolB of Conferences between Qreat Britain, &o., and 

Turkey, relative to United Principalities of Moldavia 

and Wallachia, and the Danube. (Paris.) 1650 

376 14th June Prussian Declaration of Cause of War with Austria, and 

of Dissolution of Germanic Confederation. (Frankfort.) 1652 
377. • • May — June Correspondence. Proposed Conference. Peace of Europe. 1655 

* .. .. 15th June Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Regency in Egypt 
378 16th June Prussian Declaration. Necessity for Invasion of Han- 
over, Hesse-Cassel, and Saxony. (Berlin.) 1686 

379 17th June Austrian Manifesto. War with Prussia and Italy. 

(Vienna.) 1688 

880 18th June Prussian Manifesto. War with Austria. (Berlin.) .... 1693 

381 19th June Italian Manifesto. War with Austria 1695 

382 20th June Italian Declaration. War with Austria. (Cremona.).... 1697 

383 26th July Preliminary Treaty of Peace between Austria and Prussia. 

(Nikolsburg.) 1698 

29th July French Declaration. Acquisition of Venetia for Italy . . 1721 
384. . • • • 13th Aug. Treaty of Peace between Prussia and Wurtemberg. 

(Berlin.) 1702 

385 16th Aug. Message of King of Prussia. Union of Hanover, Hessc- 

Cassel, Nassau, and Frankfort to Prussia. (Berlin.) . . 1705 

386 17th Aug. Treaty of Peace between Baden and Prussia. (Berlin.). . 1707 

* See Appendix. 

c 



• • 



• • 



XXxiv CONTENTS. VOL. m. 

No. 1866. PAGE 

387 22nd Aug. Treaty of Peace between Bayaria and Prussia. (Berlin.) 1711 

388. • • • • 2drd Aug. Treaty of Peace between Austria and Prussia. (Prague.) 1720 

389 8rd Sept. Treaty of Peace between Hesse-Darmstadt and Prussia. 

(Berlin.) 1729 

390 20tli Sept. Prussian Decree uniting Hanorer, Hesse-Cassel, Nassau, 

and Frankfort to Prussia. (Berlin.) 1741 

391. • • • • 28rd Sept. Protest of Eiug of Hanover against Annexation of 

Hanorer to Prussia. (Heitzing.) 1742 

392 3rd Oct. Treaty of Peace between Austria and Italy. (Yienna.). . 1749 

393 8rd Oct. Prussian Patent taking Possession of Hanorer. (Babels- 
berg.) 1760 

394. '. • * • 8rd Oct. Prussian Patent taking Possession of Hesse-Oassel. 

(Babelsberg.) 1762 

395 8f^ Oct. Prussian Patent taking Possession of Nassau. (Babels- 
berg.) '. 1764 

396. • • * * 8rd Oct. Prussian Patent taking Possession of Frankfort. (Babels- 
berg.) 1766 

397 Sth Oct. Treaty of Peace between Prussia and Saxe-Meiningen. 

(Berlin.) 1768 

398. • • • • 21st Oct. Treaty of Peace between Prussia and Saxony. (Berlin.) . 1771 

399 23rd Oct. Firman of the Sultan. Investiture of Prince Charles of 

Hohenzollem as Prince of United Principalities of 
Moldavia and Wallachia 1783 

400. . . • . 26th Oct. Protocol between Turkey and Montenegro. Boundaries. 1787 

401. * * • • 16th Dec. Act between Austria, Russia, and United Principalities. 

Navigation of the Pruth. (Bucharest.) 1789 

402. > • . * 24th Dec. Prussian Law uniting Duchies of Holstein and Schleswig 

to Prussia. (Berlin.) 1707 

403 24th Dec. Prussian Law uniting certain portions of Territories of 

Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt, Hesse-Homburg, &c. 
(Berlin.) 1798 

1867. 
404 10th Apr. Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Evacuation of Servian 

Fortresses 1800 

405 11th May Treaty between Gbeat Britain, Austria, &c. Luxemburg 

and Limburg. (London.) IgOl 

406 May Protocols of Conferences between 6beat Britain, Austria, 

Ac. Luxemburg and Limburg. (London.) 1806 

• . . . . 8th June Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Succession in Egypt, &c. 

407 14th June Constitution of the North German Confederation 1807 

408 18th July Treaty between Prussia and Waldeck-Pyrmont. (Berlin.) 1829 

409 22nd Dec. Boundary Act between Austria and Italy. (Venice.) . . . 1888 

1868. 

410 80th Apr. Convention between Groat Britain, &c., and Turkey. 

Danube Works Loan. (Gklatz.) 1838 

■ 

• See Appendix. 



CONTENTS. VOL. HI. XXXV 

Mo. 1868. PAGE 

411 llthJuly Final Boundary Act between France and Spain. 

(Bajonne.) 1844 

412. • • • • 17th Oct. Conyention between Baden, France, &o. Navigation of 

the Bhine. (Mannheim.) 1847 

413 20th Oct. Additional Articles between Baden, &c., and Switzerland. 

Wounded in War. (Geneva.) 1853 

414. • • • • 11th Bee. Declaration between G-reat Britain, Austria, &c. £xplo> 

sive Projectiles in time of War. (St. Petersburgh.) . . 1860 
415 11th Dec. Boundary Treaty between Netherlands and Prussia. (Aix- 

la-Chapelle.) 1862 

1869. 

416. • • • • 20th Jan. Declaration of Allied Powers. (6hreat Britain, Austria, 

France, Italy, Prussia, Bussia, and Turkey.) Obligations 
of Q-reeoe towards Turkey. (Paris.) 1864 

417^ • • J*n* — ^Feb. Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 

France, Italy, Prussia, Bussia, and Turkey. Differences 
between Ghreece and Turkey. (Paris.) 1868 

418. • • • • SOth Mar. Protest of King George of Hanorer, against Seizure of his 

Prirate Property by Prussia. (Heitzing.) 1870 

419 6th July Protocol between Baden, Bavaria, &c., relatire to the 

Federal Fortresses of Mayence, Ulm, Bastadt, and 

Landau. (Munich.) 1874 

* . . . • 29th Not. Finnan of the Sultan of Turkey. Lery of Taxes in Egypt. 

Contracts for Loans 

1870. 

420. ..*• 22nd June Treaty between Austria and Germany. Abolition of 

the Elbe Dues. (Vienna.) 1876 

421 17th July French and Prussian Declaration. Neutrality of Luxem- 
burg. (Berlin.) 1877 

422 18th July Note of Swiss Government. NeutraUty in War between 

France and Prussia. (Berlin.) 1878 

423. .... 19th July French Announcement to Prussia. Causes of War. 

(Berlin.) 1880 

424. 19th July Speech of King of Prussia. War with France. (Berlin.) 1881 

425. .... 20th July French Declaration. War with Prussia. (Paris.) 1883 

426 22nd July French Proclamation. War with Prussia. (Paris.) .... 1884 

427 9th Aug. Treaty between Great Britain and Prussia. Neutrality . 

of Belgium. (London.) 1886 

428. . . • • 11th Aug. Treaty between Great BriVain and France. Neutrality of 

Belgium. (London.) 1889 

429 31st Oct. Russian Note. Naval Forces in Black Sea. (Tzarsko^ 

S61o.) 1892 

430 1st Nov. Further Russian Note. Naval Forces in Black Sea. 

(Tzarskoe S§lo.) 1896 

* See Appendix, 



XXXVI COXTENTK VOL. IIL 

Mo. 1870. FAox 

43L '>>> UHhMow. Britith Beplj to lUunAa Sotcit. XsibI Forees im Bfe^ 

Sea. (London.) 1896 

432. .'.. ttdDee, Pnumo Cireakr. Srafcnlitj oi Uaaakaag. (Ter- 

Miliiw.) 1901 

187L 

433. • • • • 17th Jso. Deekntion between Great Britain, fte^ and BoMia. Kon- 

alteration of Treatie* without consent. (London.) .... 190A 
434» ' • • • 29tli Jan. Coftrention of Armistioe between Fiance and Oeimanj. 

(Venaillc*.) 1906 

436 lit Feb. Military Conrention between Fnooe and Switseriand. 

Entrance of French Armj into Switzeriand. (Verri^rea.) 1907 
436 8ih Feb. Begnlations between Austria, Bossia, and Bomnania. 

NairigaUon of the Pmth. (Buchaiert.) 1909 

437 16th Feb. Additional Conrention between Fnoice and Ghermanj. 

Armistice. (YersaiUee.) 1911 

438 20th Feb. Pfriiminary Treat j of Peace between France and Qermanj. 

(YerMillefl.) 1912 

439 13tb Mar. Tr«atj between (Heat Britain, 4c, and Tnrkey. BlBck 

Sea and Danube. (London.) 1919 

440 13th Mar. Conrention between Bossia and Turkej. Black Sea. 

(London.) 1924 

441 Jaii«'Mar. Protocols between Gh^at Britain, &c., and Turkej. 

Berision of Treaty of dOth March, 1856. Bhu^ Sea 

and Danube. (London.) 1926 

442 16th Mar. Conyention between France and Germany. Peace. 

(Bouen.) 1927 

443 16th April Law. Constitution of the German Empire. (Beriin.) . . 1929 

444. 16th April Constitution of the German Empire. (BerUn.) ' 1930 

445* • • • • 8th May Proposed Begulations. Duties of Neutrals in Time of 

War. (Washington.) 10C»3 

446 10th May Defininre Treaty of Peace between France and (S^ermany. 

(Frankfort.) 1954 

447* * • * • 12th Oct. Additional Conyention between France and Germany. 

Alsace-Lorraine. (Berlin.) 1964 

448* • • July — l^c<^' Protocols between France and Germany. Peace. (Frank- 
fort.) 1966 

449 11^ l^oc. Additional Convention of Peace between France and 

Germany. (Frankfort.) 1968 

1873. 
* . . . . 8th June Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Succession, &o., in Egypt. 

1874. 

460 27th Aug. Final Protocol between Gb'eat Britain, &c., and Bussia. 

Bules and Usages of War. (Brussels.) 1974 

1875. 

451 20th Jan. British Beply to Bussian Circular. Proposals respecting 

Laws and Usages of War. (London.) 1976 

* Sm Appendix. 



THE 



MAP OF EUROPE, BY TREATY, 



1814 to 1875. 



Nq. \.— definitive TREA TY of Peace between Great 
Britain^ ^c, {Austria^ Portugaly Prussiay Russia^ Spain, 
Sweden), and France, Signed at Pari^, ZOth May, 1814.* 

[Ratifications exchanged at London, 17th June, 1814.] 

[Separate Treaties containing the same Stipulations, verbatim 
were concluded, on the same day, between France and Austria, 
Portugal, t Prussia, Russia, and Sweden ; and on the 20th July, 
1814, between France and §pain. No. 3.] 

Art. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. Peace and Friendship. 

2. Limits of France , a« in 1792. 

3. Increase of French Terrilorify on .side of Belgium, Oermani/, and Italy. 

Fortress of Landau retained by I^ance. Frontier of the Rfiinft. 

Geneva, Monaco. Avignon. Comitat Venavtsin. Comft de Monf- 
beliard. Fortifications. Private Property on tlic Frontiers. Boundary 
Commissions. Maps. 

4. Communications with Genera. Versoy Road. 

5. Navigation of the Rhine^ and of other Rivers, 

6. Territory and Sovereignty of Holland. Federation of Germany. Inde- 

pendence of Switzerland. Sovereign States of Italy, 

7. Sovereignty of Malta, 

8. Restoration by Great Britain of French Colonies, Fisheries, Factories, 

and Efltablisliments. Cession to Great Britain of Tobago, St. Lucia, 
Isle o/ France (Mauritius), Rodrigites, and Les Sechelles. Cession of 
Part of St. Domingo to Spain. 



• This Treaty was confirmed by the Definitive Treaty of 20th November, 
1815, Art. XI. 

t The Article in the Portuguese Treaty relating to the restitution of 
Quiana to France was modified by Arts. CVI and CVII ftf the Vienna Con- 
gress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, and by the Convention between France nnd 
Portugal of 28t}i August, 1817. 

1 B 



30 May, 1814.] aREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

Abt. TjLBLB (eontimued). 

0. Restoration bj Sweden of Chtadaloupe to France. 

10. Restoration by Portugal of French Oniana to Drauee. Mediation of 

Great Britain ; Boundaries of F^rench Chtuma, 

11. Fortresses, &o., in Colonies restored to I^tmce. 

12. Commerce, &c., of France in BritUh India. French Fortifications and 

Garri«ons in India. 
18. French right of Fishery at Newfoundland, and Gvlf of St. Lawrence. 
14. Periods of restoration of French Colonies, Ac 

16. Dirision of Ships of War, Arsenals, &c., between France Knd the Allies, 
. Dutch Fleet in the Texel excepted. Return of Workmen, Seamen, 
Ac., to France. Port of Antwerp. 

16. Persons and Property in Countries restored, and Debts of Private 

Individuals. 

17. Right of Emigration. 

18. Renunciation of G-oremment Claims for Contracts, &c. 

19. Liquidation of Private Claims by France. 

20. Commissioners of Claims. 

21. Debts in Countries no longer belonging to France. 

22. Pensions, &c., of Persons no longer French Suhjerta. 

23. Securities. 

24. Caiise d Amoriisaement. 

25. Caiaae de Service f Caiaae d Amortiaaementy &c. 

26. Termination of Pensions. 

27. Guarantee of Purchasera of National Domains. 

28. AboUtiun of Droita dAuhainCy de DStr<tctiony kc., in Countries lately 

incorporated wiiSi France. 

29. Restitution by France of Foreign Bonds and Deeds. 

30. Sums due for Public Works in Departments detached from France. 

31. Archives, Maps, &c., of ceded Countries. 

32. Plenipotentiaries to meet in Gt^neral Congress at Vienna. 

33. Ratifications. 



[See Additional, Separate, and Secret Articles, page 17.] 

(English Version.*) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty, the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, and his Allies on the one part, and His 
Majesty the King of France and Navarre on the other part, 
animated by an equal desire to terminate the long agitations of 
Europe, and the sufferings of Mankind, by a permanent Peace, 
founded upon a just repartition of force between its States, and 
containing in its Stipulations the pledge of its durability ; and 
His Britannic Majesty, together with his Allies, being unwilling 

• For Frencli Version, 8oo "State Papers," vol. i, p. 151, 

2 



No. 1] GREAT BEITAIN, Ac., AND FBANCE. [30 May, 1814 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

to reqoire of France, now that, replaced under the paternal 
Government of Her Kings, she offers the assurance of security 
and stability to Europe, the conditions and guarantees which 
they had with regret demanded from her former Government, 
Their said Majesties have named Plenipotentiaries to discuss, 
settle, and sign a Treaty of Peace and Amity ; namely, 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart, 
Viscount Castlereagh, one of His said Majesty's Most Honour- 
able Privy Council, Member of Parliament, Colonel of the 
Londonderry Regiment of Militia, and his Piincipal Secretary of 
State for Foreign Affairs, &c., &c., &c. ; the Right Honourable 
George Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen, Viscount Formartine, Lord 
Haddo, Methlic, Tarvis, and Kellie, &c., one of the Sixteen 
Peers representing the Peerage of Scotland in the House of 
Lords, Knight of His Majesty's Most Ancient and Most NobU^ 
Order of the Thistle, his Ambassador Extraorduiary and Plenipo- 
tentiary to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty ; the Right 
Honourable William Shaw Cathcart, Viscount Cathcart, Baron 
Cathcart and Greenock, one of His Majesty's Most Honourable 
Privy Council, Knight of his Order of the Thistle, and of tho 
Orders of Russia, General in His Majesty's Army, and his 
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Majesty 
the Emperor of all the Russias ; and the Honourable Sir Charles 
William Stewart, Knight of His Majesty's Most Honourable 
Order of the Bath, Member of Parliament, Lieutenant-Grencral in 
IBs Majesty's Ai-my, Knight of the Prussian Ordei-s of the Black 
and Red Eagle, and of several others, and his Envoy Extraordiiiaiy 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Prussia ; 

And His Majesty the King of Franco and Navarre, Charles 
Maurice de Talleyrand Perigord, Prince of Benevent, Great Eagle 
of the Legion of Honour, Knight of the Black and Red Eagle of 
Prussia, Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold of Austria, Knight 
of the Russian Order of St. Andrew, and His said Majesty's 
Minister and Secretary of State for Foreign Affair-s ; 

Who having exchanged their Full Powers, found iji good and 
due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : 

Peace and Friendship, 

Art. I. There shall be from this day forward perpetual Peace 
and Friendship between His Britannic Majesty and liis Allies on 

3 n 2 



30 Kay, 181i.: OVLEAJ BSIIAI5, 4e., A5D FSA5CE. Ho. 1 

'1st PMot of Paxil.: 

tfa« ODe pent, and Iii» Majesty the Eang of FnzKe and Xavvre 
^>n the fAher, their Ueir^ aod Sacoe«4Kc», their DomiDioDS and 
Sobjectn, re«pectiTdy. 

The Jligfa Contracting Parties siiall devote their best attention 
to maintain, not only between tbemsdve^s bat, inasmuch as 
dependu upon them, between all the States of Enrope, that 
harmony and good understanding which are so neceseaiy for 
their tranquillity. 

LimiU of France J as in 1792.* 

Abt. IL The Kingdom of France retains its limits entire, as 
they existed on the Ist of January, 1792. It shaH farther 
recseive the increase of Territory comprised within the line 
established by the following Article : 

Incr€(ue ofFrtnch Territory on side o/Belf/ium, Germany, and Italy.* 

Abt. IIL On the side of Belgium, Grermany,t and Italy,^ the 
Ancient Frontiers shall be re-established as they existed the 1st 
of January, 1792, extending from the North Sea, between 
Dunkirk and Nieuport, to the Mediterranean between Cagnes and 
Nice, with the following modificatious : 

1. In the Department of Jemappes, the Cantons of Dour, 
Merbes*le-Chateau, Beaumont, and Chimay, shall belong to 
Franco; where the line of demarcation comes in contact with 
the Canton of Dour, it shall pass between that Canton and those 
of BousHU and Paturage, and likewise further on it shall pass 
between the Canton of Merbes-le-Chateau and those of Binch 
and Thuin. 

2. In the Department of Sambrc and Meuse, the Cantons of 
VValcourt, Florennes, Bcauraing, and Ocdinne, shall belong to 
Fmnce ; where the demarcation reaches tliat Department it shall 
follow the lino which separates the said Cantons from the 
Depiirttnent of Jema[)i)es, and from the remaining Cantons of 
the Department of Sambro and Meuse. 

8. In the Department of the Moselle, the new demarcation, 
at the |x»int where it diverges from the old lice of Frontier, shall 

* Soo Map facing p. 28. This Boundary was altered bj the Definitiro 
Treaty botwoon tlio 6 Allied Powers and France of 20th November, 1815. 

t This Boundary was altered by the Preliminary Treaty of Peace between 
Franco and Gemuiny of 26tli Februaryi 1871. 

X Beo Separate and Secret Articles, p. 18. This Boundary was altered 
by tho Treaty between Franco and Sardinia of 24t]i March, 1860. 

4 



No. 1] OEEAT BBITAIN, &?., AND FEANCE. [30 May, 1814. 

[let Peace of Parle.] 

be formed by a line to be drawn from Perle to Fremersdorff, and 
by the limit which separates the Canton of Tholey from the 
remaining Cantons of the said Department of the Moselle. 

4. In the Department of La Sarre, the Cantons of Saarbruck 
and Ameval shall continue to belong to France, as likewise the 
portion of the Canton of*Lebach which is situated to the south of 
a line drawn along the confines of the Villages of Herchenbach, 
Ueberhofen, Hilsbach, and Hall (leaving these different places 
out of the French Frontier), to the point where, in the neighbour- 
hood of Querselle (which place belongs to France), the line which 
separates the Cantons of Ameval and Ottweiler reaches that 
which separates the Cantons of Ameval and Lebach. The 
Frontier on this side shall be formed by the line above described, 
and afterwards by that which separates the Canton of Ameval 
from that of Bliescastel. 

Fortress of Landau to be retained by France.* 

5. The Fortress of Landau having, before the year 1792, 
formed an insulated point in Germany, France retains beyond her 
Frontiers a portion of the Departments of Mount Tonnerre and of 
the Lower Rhine, for the purpose of uniting the said Fortress and 
its radius to the rest of the Kingdom. The new demarcation 
from the point in the neighbourhood of Obersteinbach (which 
place is left out of the limits of France) where the Boundary 
between the Department of the Moselle and that of Mount 
Tonnerre reaches the Department of the Lower Rhine, shall follow 
the line which separates the Cantons of Wissenbourg and Berg- 
zabem (on the side of France) from the Cantons of Permasens, 
Dahn, and Answeiler (on the side of Germany), as far as the point 
near the Village of Vollmersheim, where that line touches the 
ancient radius of the Fortress of Landau. From this radius, 
which remains as it was in 1792, the new Frontier shall follow the 
arm of the River de la Queich, which on leaving the said radius 
of Queichheim (that place remaining to France) flows near the 

• This Fortress was restored to Germany by Art. I of the Definitive Treaty 
of 20th KoTember, 1816. By Art. II of the Treaty between Austria and 
BaTaria of 16tli April, 1816, Landau was given to Bavaria. By Art. II of the 
Treaty between the 4 Allied Powers of 20th July, 1819, Bavaria was confirmed 
in the possession of Landau; and by Art. Ill of the same Treaty, the 
Fortress of Landau was declared to be one of the Fortresses of the Germanic 
Confederation. On the 6th July, 1869, a Protocol was signed between 
North Germany, Bavaria, &c., respecting the Joint Property of the Movable 
Materiel of War in the Federal Fortresses of Landau, &c, 

5 



30 Kaj, ISli.] GREAT BRITAIX, &c., AND FRANCE.: [Mo. 1 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

Villagt'8 of Merleiibeiuh Kuittelsheim, and Bellieim (these places 
abo beloo^g to France) to tlie Rhine, which from thence shall 
continue to form the boundary of f*rance and Germany. 

Frontier of the Rhine. 

The main ntitfam {Thalweg) of the Rhine shall constitute the 
Frontier ; provided, however, that the changes which may here- 
after take place in the course of that river shall not affect the 
property of the Islands. The right of possession in these Islands 
shall be re-established as it existed at the signature of the Treaty 
of Luneville.* 

6. In the Department of the Doubs, the Frontier shall be so 
regulated as to commence above the Ran^omiiere near Lode, and 
follow the Crest of the Juni Ijetween the Cemeux-Pequignot 
and the Village of Pontenellcs, as far as the peak of that moun- 
tain, situated alxnit 7,000 or 8,000 feet to the north-west of the 
Village of La Brevine, where it shall again fall in with the ancient 
Boundary of France. 

Geneva.^ 

7. In the Department of the Leman, the Frontiers between 
the French Territory, the Pays de Vaud, and the different portions 
of the Territory of the Republic of Geneva (which is to form part 
of Switzerland) remain as they were before the incorporation of 
Geneva with France. But the Cantons of Frangy and of 
St. Julien (with the exception of the districts situated to the north 
of a line drawn from the point where the River of La Laire enters 
the Territory of Geneva near Chancy, following the confines of 
Sesequin, Laconex, and Seseneuve, which shall remaui out of the 
limits of France), the Canton of Reignier (with the exception of 
the portion to the east of a line which follows the confines of the 
Muraz, Bussy, Pers, and Cornier, which shall be out of the French 
limits), and the Canton of La Roche (with the exception of tlie 
places called La Roche and Armanoy, with their districts) shall 
remain to France. The Frontier shall follow the hmits of these 
different Cantons, and the line which separates the Districts a>n- 
tinuing to belong to Fmnce, from those which she does not retain. 

8. In the Defwirtnicnt of Mont-Blanc, France acquires the 
Sub- Prefecture of Chaml>eiy (with the exception of the Cantons 

• (Oth February, 1801.) Soc Appendix. 

f See Separate and Secret Articles, p. 18. Soe alflO Art. LXXXV of the 
Vienna Congress Treaty of 9Ui June, 1815. 

6 



No. 1] GBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [30 May, 1811. 

[Ist Peace of Paria.] 

of L'Udpital, St. Pierre d'Albigny, La Kocette, and Montraelian), 
and the Sub- Prefecture of Annecy (with the exception of the 
portion of the Canton of Faverges, situated to the east of a lino 
passing between Ourechp.ise aid ^FarleTis on the side of Fmuce, 
and Marthod and Ugine on tLo c;ppo6ite side, and which after- 
wards follows the ci-est of the mountains as far as the Frontier 
of the Canton of Thoues) ; this line, together with the limit of the 
Cantons before mentioned, shall on this side form the new Frontier. 
On the side of the Pyrenees, the Frontiers between the two 
Kingdoms of France and Spain remain such as they were on the 
Ist of January, 1792, and a Joint Commission shall be named on 
the part of the two Crowns for the purpose of finally determining 

the line. 

Monaco.* 

France on her part renomices all rights of Sovei-eignty, 
Suzerainete\ and of possession, over all the Countries, Districts, 
Towns, and places situated beyond the Frontier above described, 
the Principality of Monaco behig replaced on the same footing on 
which it stood before the Ist of January, 1792. 

Avignon. Comitat Venaissin. Comte de MontbSliard. 

The Allied Powers assure to France the possession of the 
Principality of Avignon, of the Comitat Venaissin, of the Comte 
of Montbeliard, together with the several insulated Territories 
which formerly belonged to Germany, comprehended within the 
Frontier above described, whether they have l^eii incorporated 
with France before or after the 1st of January, 1792.t 

Fortificatiojw. Private Property on the Frontiers. 

The Powers reserve to themselves, i-eciprocally, the com])lete 
right to fortify any point in their respective States which they 
may judge necessary for their security. J 

To prevent all injiu-y to Private Property, and protect, 
according to the most liberal i)rinciples, the property of Indi- 
viduals domiciliated on the Frontiers, there shall be named, by 

* It was declared by.thoDefinitiTO Treaty of 20th November, 1815, that the 
Relations thus established between France and Monaco sliould cease, nnd 
that the same ReUitions should exist between that Principality and Sardinia. 
By the Treaty between Franco and Monaco of 2ud February, 1861, Mcntoue 
and Roquebruno were ceded to Fruuec. 

t See Protest of the Pope, 12th Juno, 1815. 

J See Vienna Congress Treaty of 0th June, 1815, Art. XC 

7 



3D Maj, 1814.J GBKAT DBI7AIX, Iv , A5D FRANCE. :Ko. 1 

[1st P«ac« of Puris.] 

<-ach of the Siatc*& reordering on France, Commisjiioners who shall 
I»rrxt*d, conjointly witli French Commi*«sionorP. to the delineation 
of the respectire Boundaries. 

Boundary Commissions. Maps, 

An soon as the Commissioners shall have performed their task, 
l^Iaps shall be drawn, signed by the respective Commissioners, 
and posts shall be placed to point out the reciprocal Boundariee. 

Communications with Geneva, Versoy Road, 

Art. IV. To secure the communications of the Town of 
Geneva with other parts of the Swiss Territory situate on the 
Lake, France consents that the Road by Versoy shall be common 
to the two Countries. The respective Governments shall amicably 
arrange the means for preventing smuggling, regulating the 
voHtHj and maintahiing the said Road.* 

Navigation of the Rhine ; and of other Rivers, 

Art. V. The Navigation of the Rhine, from the point where 
it becomes navigable unto the sea, and vice versd^ shall be free, so 
tiiat it can be interdicted to no one : — and at the future Congress 
attention shall be paid to the establishment of the principles 
according to which the duties to be raised by the States bordering 
on the Rhine may be regulated, in the mode the most impartial 
and the most favourable to the commerce of all Nations.f 

The future Congress, with a view to facilitate the communi- 
cation between Nations, and continually to render them less 
strangers to each other, shall likewise examine and determine in 
what manner the aliove provisions can be extended to other Rivers 
which, in their navigable course, separate or traverse different 
States-t 

Territory and Sovereignty of Holland.^ 

Art. VI. Holland, placed under the Sovereignty of the House 
of Orange, shall receive an increase of Territory.§ The title and 
exercise of that Sovereignty shall not in any case belong to a 
Prince wearing, or destined to wear, a Foreign Crown. 

• See Vienna Congrcfs Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Art. LXXIX. 
t See RogulationB of the Congress of Vienna of 11th March, 1815. 
t Bee Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. LXVI. 
§ See Secret Article III, p. 10. 

8 



Ho. 1] GREAT BRITAIN. Ac, AND FRANCE. [30 May, 1814. 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

Federation of Germany,* 

The States of Germany shall be independent, and united by a 
Federative Bond. 

Independence of Switzerland.^ 
Switzerland, Independent, shall continue to govern herself. 

Sovereign States of Italy. X 

Italy, beyond the limits of the countries which are to revert 
to Austria, shall be composed of Sovereign States. 

Sovereignty of Malta. 

Art. YII. The Island of Malta and its Dependencies shall 
belong in full right and »Sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty. 

Restoration by Great Britain of French Colonies^ Fisheries^ Fac* 
tories^ cmd Establishments. Cession of Tobago^ St. Lucia^ Isle 
of France (Mauritius), Rodrigues and Les Sechelles to Great 
Britain ; and of part of St. Domingo to Spain. 

Art. YIII. His Britannic Majesty, stipulating for himself and 
his Allies, engages to restore to His Most Christian Majesty, 
within the term which shall l3e hereafter fixed, the Colonies, 
Fisheries, Factories, and Establishments of every kind which 
were possessed by France on the Ist of January, 1792, in the 
Seas and on the Continents of America, Africa, and Asia ; with 
the exception, however, of the Islands of Tobago and St. Lucia, 
and of the Isle of France and its Dependencies, especially 
Rodrigues and Les Sechelles, wl^ich several Colonies and Posses- 
sions His Most Christian Majesty cedes in full right and 
Sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty, and also the portion -of 
St^ Domingo ceded to France by the Treaty of Basle,§ and which 
His Most Christian Majesty restores in full right and Sovereignty 
to His Catholic Majesty. 

Restoration by Sweden of Guadaloupe to France. 
Art. IX. His Majesty the KJlng of Sweden and Norway, in 

• See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9tli June, 1815, Arts. LIII to LXIV 
and LXVII. 

t See Declaration of the 8 Powers of 20th March, 1815 ; Yienna.Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815 ; and Act of the 5 Powers of 20th NoTcmber, 1816. 

♦ See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XCV. 
§ Annulled. 

9 



30 May, ISli.] GKEAT BRITAIX, &c., AKD FRANCE. [Ho. 1 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

virtue of the arrangements stipulated with the Allies,* and in 
ex<.*cution of the preceding Article, consents that the Island of 
Gua<Ia1oupe be restored to His Most Christian Majesty, and gives 
up all the rights he may have acquired over that Island. 

Restoration by Portu{jal of French Guiana to France, ^ 

Art. X. Tier Most Faithful Majesty, in virtue of the arrange 
ments stipulated with her Allies, and in execution of the Vlllth 
Article, engages to restore French Guiana as it existed on the 
1st of January, 1702^, to Ills Most Christian Majesty, within the 
term hereafter fixed. 

Mediation of Great Britain; Boundarita of French Guiana, 

The renewal of the dispute which existed at that period on the 
subject of the Frontier, being the effect of this Stipulation, it is 
agreed that the dispute shall be terminated by a friendly arrange- 
ment between the two Courts, under the Mediation of His Britannic 
Majesty. J 

Fortresses^ ^c, in Colonies restored to France. 

Akt. XI. The Places and Forts in those Colonies and Settle- 
ments, which, by virtue of the Vlllth, IXth, and Xth Articles, are 
to bo restored to Ills Most Christian Majesty, shall be given up 
in the state in which they may be at the moment of the signature 
of the present Treaty. 

Commerce^ <J*c., of France in British India, 

Art. XIL His Britannic Majesty guarantees to the subjects 
of Uis Most Christian Majesty the same facilities, privileges, and 
protection, with respect to Commerce, and the security of their 
Persons and Property within the limits of the British Sovereignty 
on the Continent of India, as are now, or shall be granted to the 
most favoured Nations. 

French Fortifcations and Garrisons in India^ 
Ilis Most Christian Majesty, on his pari, having nothing 

* Soo Treaty between Groat Britain and Sweden of 131 h August, 1814. 
Appendix. 

f This Article was annulled by Art. CVI of the Vienna Congress Treaty 
of 0th June, 1815, when another Article was substituted for it. 

I Hoc Treaty of 28th August, 1817. 

10 



No. 1] GEEAT BRITAIN, &c,, AND FRANCE. [30 Hay, 1814. 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

more at heart than the perpetual duration of Peace between the 
two Crowns of England and of France, and wishing to do his 
utmost to avoid anything which might affect their mutual g(X)d 
understanding, engages not to erect any Fortifications in the 
establishments which are to be restored to him within the limits 
of the British Sovereignty upon the Continent of India, and only 
to place in those establishments the number of Troops necessary 
for the maintenance of the Police. 

Fremh right of Fishery at Newfoundland and Gulf of St. Lawrence, 

Abt. XIII. The French right of Fishery upon the Great Bank 
of Newfoundland, upon the Coasts of the Island of that name, 
and of the adjacent Islands in the Oulf of St. Lawrence, shall 
be replaced upon the footing on which it stood in 1792. ^ 

Periods of Restoration of French Colonies^ ^c. 

Art. XIV. Those Colonies, Factories, and Establishments, 
which are to be restored to His Most Christian Majesty by Ilis 
Britannic Majesty or his Allies in the Northern Seas, or in the 
Seas on the Continents of America and Africa, shall be given up 
within the three months, and those which ai-e beyond the Cape of 
Good Hope within the six months which follow the Ratification 
of the present Treaty. 

Division of Ships of War, ArseuaU, tj-c, between France and the 

Allies. 

Art. XV. The High Contracting Parties having, by the IVth 
Article of the Convention of the 23rd of April last,* reserved to 
themselves the right of disposuig, in the present Definitive Treaty 
of Peace, of the Arsenals and Ships of War, aimed and unarmed, 
which may be found in the Maritime Places restored by the Ilnd 
Article of the said Convention, it is agreed, that the said Vessels 
and Ships of War, armed and unarmed, together with the Naval 
Ordnance and Naval Stores, and all materials for building and 
equipment, shall bo divided between France and the Countries 
where the said Places are situated, in the proix)rtion of two-thirds 
for Franco, and one-third for the Power to whom the said Places 
shall belong. The Ships and Vessels on the stocks, which shall 
not be launched within six weeks after the signature of the pre- 

* Soc Appendix. 
11 



30 May, 1814J aBEAT BRITAIN, &€., AND FRANCE. [No. 1 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

XlXth Articles.* These Commissioners shall undertake the exami- 
nation of the Claims referred to in the preceding Article, the 
liquidation of the Smns claimed, and the consideration of the 
maimer in which the French Government may propose to pay 
them. They shall also be charged with the delivery of the Titles, 
Bonds, and the Documents relating to the Debt« which the Iligli 
Contracting Parties mutually cancel, so thit the approval of the 
result of their labours shall complete that reciprocal renunciation. 

Debts in Countries no longer belonging to France, 

Art. XXI. The Debts which in their origin were specially 
mortgaged upon the Countries no longer belonging to France, or 
were contracted for the support of their internal administratioii, 
shall remain at the charge of the said Countries. Such of those 
Debts as have been converted into Inscriptions in the Great Book 
of the Public Debt of France, shall accordingly be accounted for 
with tho French Government after the 22nd of December, 1818. 

The Deeds of all those Debts which have been prepared for 
inscription, and have not yet been entered, shall be delivered to 
the Governments of tho respective Countries. The statement of 
all these Debts shall be drawn up and settled by a Joint Commis- 
sion. 

Pensions, ^-c, of Persons no longer French Subjects. 

Art. XXII. Tho French Government shall remain charged 
with the reimbursement of all sums paid by the subjects of the 
said Countries into the French Coffers, v^ether under the denomi- 
nation of Surety, Deposit, or Consignment.t 

In like manner all French Subjects, employed in the service 
of the said Countries, who have paid sums under the denomina- 
tion of Surety, Deposit, or Consignment, into their respective 
Territories, shall be faithfully reimbursed. 

Art. XXIII. Tho Fuaclionaries holding situations requiring 
Securities, who are not charged with the expenditure of public 
money, shall be reimbursed at Paris, with the interest by fifths 
and by the year, dating from the signature of the present 
Treaty. 

* Tho British Commissioners were : The Hon. Charles Bagot, Mr. Colin 
A. Mackenzie, and Mr. A. £. Impcy. 

t See Convention between the 5 Powers of 25th April, 1818, Art. IV. 

14 



No. 1] GUtHAT BBITAIN, Ac., AND FBANCB. [30 May, 1814. 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

With respect to those who are accountable, this reimburse- 
ment shall commence, at the latest, six mouths after the presenta- 
tion of their Accounts, except only in cases of malversation. A 
Copy of the last Account shall be transmitted to the Government 
of their Countries, to serve for their hiformation and guidance. 

Caisse d^Amortissement, 

Art. XXIV. The Judicial Deposits and Consignments upon 
the *'*' Caisse cfAmortissement^" in the execution of thp Law of 
28 Nivose, year 13 (18th January, 1805), and which belong to 
the Inhabitants of the Countries France ceases to possess, shall, 
within the space of one year from the exchange of the Ratifica- 
tions of the present Treaty, be placed in the hands of the 
Authorities of the said Countries, with the exception of those 
Deposits and Consignments interesting French subjects, which 
last will remain in the *' Caisse (TAmortissement,** and will only be 
given up on the production of the vouchers resulting from the 
decisions of competent Authorities. . 

Caisse de Service^ Caisse cTAmortissement, j-c. 

Art. XXV. The Funds deposited by the Corporations and 
Public Establishments in the " Caisse de Service'' and in the 
" Caisse d'Amortissement,'* or other " Caisses,** of the French 
Government, shall be reimbursed by fifths, payable from year to 
year, to commence from the date of the present Treaty ; deduct- 
ing the advances which have taken place, and subject to such 
regular charges as may have been brought forward against these 
Funds by the Creditors of the said Corporations and the said 
Public Establishments. 

Termination of Pensions. 

Art. XXVI. From the first day of January, 1814, the French 
Government shall cease to be charged with the payment of 
Pensions, Civil, Military, and Ecclesiastical, pensions for retire- 
ment, and allowances for reduction, to any Individual who shall 
cease to be a French Subject. 

Gudrantee of Purchasers of National Domains. 

Art. XXVIL National Domains acquired for valuable con- 
siderations by French Subjects in the late Departments of Belgium, 
and of the left bank of the Rhine and the Alps, beyond the 

15 



30 May, 1814.] ^REAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND PRANCE. [No. 1 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

ancient limits of France, and which now oeaRe to belong to her, 
shall be guaranteed to the purchasers. 

Abolition of Droits (HAuhaitie^ de Detraction^ ^c, in Countries 

lately Incorporated with France, 

Art. XX VIII. The abolition of the « Droits d'Avhaine,'' 
" de Detractions^ and other duties of the same nature, in the Coun- 
tries which have been formerly incorporated, or which have 
reciprocally made that stipulation with France, shall be expressly 
msdntained. 

Restitution by France of Foreign Bonds and Deeds, 

Art. XXIX. The French Government engages to restore all 
Bonds, and other Deeds which may have been seized in the Pro- 
vinces occupied by the French Armies or Administrt^tions ; and in 
cases where such restitution caimot be effected, these Bonds and 
Deeds become and contiime void. 

Suim Due for Public Works in Departments detached from 

France, 

Art. XXX. The Sums which shall he due for all Works of 
public utility not yet finished, or finished after the 31st of 
Decrember, 1812, whether on the Rliine or in the Departments 
detached from France by the present Treaty, shall Ixi placed to 
the account of the future Possessoi-s of the Territory, and shall 
Ix^ paid by the Commission charged with the Ii(iuidatiou of the 
Debts of that Country. 

Archives^ Afaps^ tj-c, of ceded Countries, 

Art. XXXI. All Archives, Maps, Plans, and Documents what- 
ever, belonging to the ceded Countries, or respecting their 
Administration, shall Iw faithfully given up at the same time 
with the said Countries ; or if that should be impossible, within 
a period not exceeding six months after the cession of the 
Countries themselves. 

This stipulation a])plies to the Archives, Maps, and Plates, 
which may have been carried away from the Countries during 
their temporary occupation by the different Armies. 

Plenipotentiaries to meet in (ieneral Congress at Vientut, 

Art. XXXIl. All the Powers engaged on either side hi the 

16 



No. 1] GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE. [30 May, 1814 ' 

[1st Peaoe of Paris.] 

present War, shall, wjthin the space of two months, send Pleni- 
potentiaries to Vienna, for the purpose of regulating, in General 
Congress, the Arrangements which are to complete the provisions 
of the present Treaty.* 

Ratifications. 

Art. XXXIII. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications shall be exchanged within the period of 15 days, or 
sooner if possible. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and affixed to it the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 30th of May, in the year of Our Lord, 1814. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH, ] 

(L.S.) ABERDEEN, 1 for Great 

(L.S.) CATHCART, f Britain. 

(L.S) CHARLES STEWART, Lieut.-General,J 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT, for France. 



(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH, \ . ... 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STADION, / ^^^ ^"S'^"*- 

(L.S.) COMTE DE FUNCHAL, for Portugal. 

(L.S.) BARON DE HARDENBURG, 1 . p^^ . 

{L.S.) BARON DE HUMBOLDT, / ^^^ ^"^s^ia. 

(L.S.) COMTE DE RASOUMOFFSKI, ) . p„^^. 

(L.S.) COMTE DE NESSELRODE, f ^^^ ^^^la. 

■} 

(L.S.) COMTE C. DE STEDINGK, 1 . o^^^^„ 

(L.S.) BR. G. DE WETTERSTEDT, / ^^^ ^^^aen. 



(L.S.) M. DOMINGOS, 
(L.S.) ANTONIO DE SOUZA CON- > for Spain. 
TINHO, 



* The Flenipotentiaries met again in Congress at Vienna on the 22nd 
September, 1814, and closed their labours on the 19th June, 1815. 



17 



30 May, 1814.] GREAT BEITAIN AND PBANCE. [No. 1 

[1st Peace of ParU.] 

Additional, Separate, and Secret Articles to the 

Treaty of 30th May, 1814. 



Separate and Secret Articles. Great Britain (Austria^ 

Prussia, and Russia)^ and France. Parisj SOth May, 1814. 

Separate and Secret Articles. Great Britain, Austria^ Prussia^ 

Russia, and France. 

Abt. Table. 

1. Balance of Potoer in Europe, 

2. Austrian and Sardinian Territories in Italif. Port of Genoa. Guarantee 

of Switzerland. 
8. Territory of MoUand. Dutch Frontiers. Navigation of the Seheldi. 
4. Territories of Prtuaia, Holland, &c. 
6. Renunciation by France of Claims for Endowments, Donations, Bevennes 

of the Legion of Honour, &c. 
6. Bank of Hamburgh, 

(English version.) 

Balance of Power in Europe. 

Art. I. The disposal of the Territories given up by His Most 
Christian Majesty, under the Ilird Article of the Public Treaty, 
and the relations from whence a system of real and permanent 
Balance of Power in Europe is to be derived, shall be regulated at 
the Congress upon the principles determined upon by the Allied 
Powers among themselves, and according to the general pro- 
visions contained in the following Articles. 

Austrian and Sardinian Territories in Italy* 

Art. II. The Possessions of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty in Italy, shall be boimded by the Po, the Tessmo, and 
the Lago Maggiore. The King of Sardinia shall return to the 
possession of his ancient Dominions, with the exception of that 
part of Savoy secured to France by the Ilird Article of the 
present Treaty. His Majesty shall receive an increase of Terri- 
toiy from the State of Grenoa, 

Port of Genoa. 
The Port of Grenoa shall continue to be a Free Port ; the Powers 
reserving to themselves the right of making arrangements upon 
this point with the King of Sardinia.f 

• See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Arts. LXXX, LXXXV, 
LXXXVI, LXXXVIII, LXXXIX, and CXVIII. 

t See Treaty between the 6 Powers and Sardinia of 20th May, 183L6, 
Annex IV. 

18 



No. 1] GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANOB. [30 May, 1814. 

[Ist P6ao« of ParU.] 

Guarantee of Switzerland,* 
France shall acknowledge and guarantee, conjointly with the 
Allied Powers, and on the same footing, the political organization 
which Switzerland shall adopt under the auspices of the said 
Allied Powers, and according to the basis ah^ady agreed upon 
with them^ 

Territory of Holland.^ Dutch Frontiers. 

Art. in. The establishment of a just Balance of Power in 
Europe requiring that Holland should be so constituted as to be 
enabled to support her Independence through her own resources, 
the Countries comprised between the Sea, the Frontiers of France, 
such as they are defined by the present Treaty, and the Meuse, 
shall be given up for ever to Holland. 

The Frontiers upon the right bank of the fiieuse shall be 

regulated according to the military convenience of Holland, and 

her neighbours. 

Navigation of the Scheldt. 

/ The freedom of the Navigation of the ScheldtJ shall be estab- 

lished upon the same principle which has regulated the Navigation 
of the Rhine, in the Vth Article of the present Treaty. 

Territory of Prussia, Holland, j-c. 

Abt. IV. The German Territories upon the left bank of the 
Rhine, which have been united to France since 1792, shall contri- 
bute to the aggrandizement of Holland, and shall be further 
appHed to compensate Prussia, and other Geiman States. 

Renunciation by France of Claims for Endoicments, Donations, 
Revenues of the Legion of Honour, ^c, 

Abt. V. The Renunciation of the French Government con- 
tained in the XVIIIth Article § extends especially to all Claims 
which might be brought forward against the Allied Powers, under 
the head of Endowments and Donations, Revenues of the Legion 
of Honour, Senatorships, Pensions, and other charges of the like 
kind. 

• See Declaration of the 8 Powers of 20th March, 1815, and Act of the 
5 Fowen of 20th Norember, 1815. 

t Altered bj the Treaty between the 5 Powers and Belgium of 15th 
Norember, 1881 ; and the Treaties of 19th April, 1839. 

X See the Begulations of March, 1815, and the Vienna Congress Treaty of 

9th June, 1815, Art. OXVII. By the Treaties of 16th July and 8rd August, 

1863, the Scheldt Toll was redeemed. 

§ P. 12. t 

19 C 2 



30 May, 1814.] GBSAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE. [No. 1 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

Bank of Hamburgh, 

Art. VI. The French Government having offered by the Secret 
Article of the Convention of the 23rd April [1814],* to make search 
after, and to make every effort to recover the Funds of the Bank 
of Hamburgh, engages to set on foot the most severe scrutiny 
to discover the said Funds, and to pursue those who may be 
fomid to have detained them.f 

The present Separate and Secret Articles shall have the same 
force and validity as if they were inserted, word for word, in the 
Treaty Patent of this day. 

They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be exchanged 
at the same time. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and affixed to them the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 30th day of May, in the year of Our Lord 

1814. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) ABERDEEN. 

(L.S.) CATHCART. 

(L.S.) CHARLES STEWART, Lieut-General. 

(f..S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



Additional Articles. Great Britain andFmnce. Paris, 

30th May, 1814. 

Additional Articles. Great Britain and France, 

Abt. Table. 

1. Abolition of French Slave Trade. 
Colonial Slave Trade, 

g* > Expenses of Prisoners of War. 

4. Bemoval of Sequestrations. 
Claims of British Subjects. 
6. Commercial Relations. 

[Ratifications exchanged at London, 17th June, 1814.] 

(English version.) 

A bolition of French Slave Trade, Colonial Slave Trade, 

Art. I. His Most Christian Majesty, concurring without 
reserve in the sentiments of His Britannic Majesty, with respect 

* See Appendix. 

t See Conyention between the 4 Powers and France of 20tli November, 
1815, Art. Ill/; and Convention between France and Hamburgh of 27th 
October, 1816. 

20 



No. 1] aEBAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE. [30 May, 1814, 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

to a description of Traffic repugnant to the principles of natural 
justice and of the enlightened age in which we Uve, engages to 
unite all his efforts to those of His Britannic Majesty, at the 
approaching Congress, to induce all the Powers of Christendom 
to decree the abolition of the Slave Trade, so that the said Trade 
shall cease universally,* as it shall cease definitively, under any 
circumstances, on the part of the French Government, in the 
course of five years ; and that, during the said period, no Slave 
Merchant shall import or sell Slaves, except in the Colonies of 
the State of which he is a subject. 

Expenses of Prisoners of War. 

Art. II. The British and French Gk)vemments shall name, 
without delay, Conmiissioners to liquidate the accounts of their 
respective expenses for the maintenance of Prisoners of War, in 
order to determine the manner of paying the balance which shall 
appear in favour of the one or the other of the two Powers. 

Abt. III. The respective Prisoners of War, before their 
departure from the place of their detention, shall be obliged to 
discharge the Private Debts they may have contracted, or shall at 
least give suffident security for the amount. 

Removal of Sequestrations. 

Abt. rV. Immediately after the Ratification of the present 

Treaty of Peace, the Sequesters, which since the year 1792 may 

have been laid on the Funds, Revenues, Debts, or any other effects 

of the High Contracting Parties or their Subjects shall be taken 

off. 

Claims of British Subjects.^ 

The Commissioners mentioned in the Ilnd Article shall under- 
take the examination of the Claims of His Britannic Majesty's 
Subjects upon the French Government, for the value of the 
Property, moveable or immoveable, illegally Confiscated by the 
French Authorities, as also for the total or partial loss of their 
Debts or other Property, illegally detained under Sequester since 
the year 1792. 

France engages to act towards British Subjects in this 
respect, in the same spirit of justice which the French Subjects 
have experienced in Great Britain ; and His Britannic Majesty, 

* See Declaration of the 8 Powers of 8th February, 1816. 
t See Conrentions between Qreat Britain and France of 20ih November, 
1815, and 25th April, 1818. 

21 



30 ICajr, 1814.] austeia and feance. [Ho, 1 

[1st Peaoe of Paris.] 

deBiring to concur in the new pledge which the Allied Powers 
have given to His Most Christian Majesty, of their desire to 
obliterate eveiy trace of that disastrous epoch so happily ter- 
minated by the present Peace, engages on his part, when com- 
plete justice shall be rendered to his Subjects, to renounce the 
whole amount of the balance which shall appear in his favour for 
support of the Prisoners of War, so that the Ratification of the 
Report of the above Commissioners and the discharge of the sums 
due to British Subjects, as well as the restitution of the effects 
which shall be proved to belong to them^ shall complete the 

renunciation. 

Commercial RekUwns. 

Art. V. The two High Contracting Parties, desiring to 
establish the most friendly relations between their respective 
Subjects, reserve to themselves, and promise to come to a mutual 
understanding and arrangement, as soon as possible, upon their 
Commercial interests, with the view of encouraging and in- 
creasing the prosperity of their respective States. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
validity as if they were inserted word for word in the Treaty 
Patent of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and affixed to them the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 80th day of May, in the year of Our Lord, 

1814. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) ABERDEEN. 

(L.S.) CATHCART. 

(L.S.) CHARLES STEWART, Lieut.-General. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



Additional Article. Austria and France. Paris^ 30th May^ 

1814. 
Subject. 

Annnlment of effect of Treaties of 1805 and 1809, and of Decrees against 
French Subjects in the service of Austria. 

(English version.) 

Annulment of effect of Treaties of 1805 and 1809, and of Decrees 

against French Subjects in the service of Austria, 

The High Contracting Parties, being desirous to obliterate 

22 



Mo. 1] AtJSTBIA A^D Jb'RANO£. [30 May, 1814 . 

[1st Feace of Paris.] 

every trace of the unhappy events which have weighed upon 
their Countries, have agreed explicitly to annul the effects of the 
Treaties of 1805* and 1809,t in so much as they are not already 
annulled, in fact, by the present Treaty. In consequence of this 
determination, His Most Christian Majesty promises that the 
Decrees issued against French Subjects, or reputed French, being, 
or having been, in the service of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty, shall remain without effect, as well as the judgments 
which may have been given in execution of those Decrees. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
validity as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty Patent 
of this day. It shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be 
exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and aflBxed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

• 

Done at Paris, the 30th of May, in the yeaF of our Lord, 1814. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STADION. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



Additional and Secret Articles. Aiistria and France. 

Abt. 

1. Pajment of Lorraine Rente. 

2. DeUverj of all Acts relating to Chrtnan Empirei Belgium^ &c. 

(Translation.) 

Payment of Lorraine Rente. 

Art. I. From the date of the signature of the present Treaty, 
the payment of the revenue {rente) called Lorraine, shall continue 
the same as up to 1791. 

Delivery of all Acts relating to German Empire^ Belgiimi, ^c. 

' Abt. II. The Court of France engages to deliver to the Com- 
missioners, who shall be appointed for that purpose by the Court 
of Vienna, all the Acts bearing upon the Ancient Empire of 
Germany, Belgium, and other provinces which have formed part 
(rf the Austrian Monarchy, and which have been taken from 
the Archives of Vienna. 

* Treaty between Austria and Franco of 26th December, 1805, annulled, 
t Treaty between Austria and France of 14th October, 1809, annulled. 

23 



30 May, 1814.] FRANCE AND POBTUaAL. [Mo. 1 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

The present Additional and Secret Articles shall have the 
same force and validity as if they were inserted word for word in 
the Treaty of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations thereof shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and affixed to them the Seals of their Arms. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STADION. 



Additional Secret Articles. France and Portugal. 

Paris, 30<A May, 1814. 

Abt. Subject. 

1. Restoration of French Cfuiana. 

2. Claims. 

3. Annulment of Treaties of Badiyoz and Madrid of 1801, and of Convention 

of Lisbon of 1804. 

(Translation.) 
Restoration of French Chiiana.* 

Ajrt. I. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal 
and of the Algarves, engages and binds himself that those clauses 
of the Capitulation of French Guiana which shall not have been 
executed, shall receive at the time of the restitution of that Colony 
to France, their full and entire fulfilment. 

Claims, 

Art. II. With reference to the claims which the subjects of 
one of the Contracting Parties may make on the other, there shall 
be perfect reciprocity, so that, for every kind of Claim, what has 
been done by one of the two Governments shall be the rule of the 
other. 

Annuhiient of Treaties of Badajoz and Madrid of 1801, and of 

Convention of Lisbon of 1804. 

Abt. III. Although the Treaties, Conventions, and Acts con- 
cluded between the two Contracting Powers before the war, are 
annulled by the fact of the war, the High Contracting Parties 
have nevertheless considered ft advisable again expressly to 
declare that the said Treaties, Conventions, and Acts, namely, the 

^ See Convention between France and Portugal of 28th Aognst, 1817. 

24 



Ho. 1] FRANCE AND PRUSSIA. [30 May, 1814. 

[1st Peace of Pari*.] 

Treaties signed at Badajoz and at Madrid in 1801,* and the Con- 
vention signed at Lisbon in 1804,f are null and void so far as they 
concern France and Portugal, and that they mutually give up all 
right, and discharge themselves from every obligation which 
might arise out of them. 

The presisnt Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
validity as if they were word for word inserted in the Treaty 
Patent of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and have afi&xed thereto the Seal of their Anus. 

Done at Paris, the 30th May, 1814. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 
(L.S.; LE COMTE DE FUNCHAL. 



Additional Artiole. France and Pmssia, Paris^ SOth May, 

. 1814. 

SUBJXOT. 

Annulment of Treaties since 1795, and of Decrees against French Subjects in 
the service of Frutsia. 

(English version.) 

Annulment of Treaties since 1795, and of Decrees against French 

Subjects in the service of Pi^ussia. 

Although the Treaty of Peace concluded at Bale, the 5th 
April, 1795, that of Tilsit of the 9th July, 1807, the Convention 
of Paris of 20th September, 1808, as well as all the Conventions 
and Acts whatsoever concluded since the Peace of B&le between 
Prussia and France, are already annulled in fact by the present 
Treaty, the Uigh Contracting Parties have nevertheless considered 
it advisable again expressly to declare that the said Treaties 
cease to be binding in all their Articles, as well patent as secret, 
and that they mutually give up all right, and disengage them- 
selves from every obligation which might arise out of them. 

His Most Christian Majesty promises that the Decrees issued 
against French Subjects, or reputed French, being or having been 

^ Treaties between France and Portugal of 6th June, and 29th Septemberi 
1801, annulled. 

t Gonyention between France and Portugal of 19th March, 1804, 
annulled. 

25 



30 May, 1814.] FBANCE AND BUSSIA. * [No. 1 

[Ist Peace of Paris.] 

iu the service of Ills Prussian Majesty, shall i-emain without 
^ effect, as well as the judgments which may have been given in 
execution of those Decrees. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
validity as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty Patent 
of this day. It shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be 
exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and affixed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 30th of May, in the year of Our Lord, 1814. 

(L.S.) CHARLES AUGUSTE BARON DE IIARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) CHARLES GUILLAUME BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENE\^ENT. 



Additional Article. France and Russia. Parisy 30<A May, 

1814. 

Subject. 
Pecuniary Claims in the Ducby of Wanaw. 

(English version.) 
Pecuniary Claims in the Duchy of Warsaw. 

The Duchy of Warsaw ])cing under the administi-ation of a 
Provisional Council, established by Russia, ever since that Country 
has been occupied by her arms, the two High Contracting Parties 
have agreed immediately to appoint a Special Commission, com- 
posed, on both sides, of an equal number of Commissioners, which 
shall be charged with the examination, liquidation, and all arrange- 
ments relative to their reciprocal pretensions. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
validity as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty Patent 
of this day. It shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be 
exchanged at the same time. 

Im witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and affixed to it the Seal of their ^Vrms. 

Done at Paris, the 30th of May, in the year of Our Lord, 1814. 

(L.S.) ANDRE COMTE DE RASOUMOFPSKY. 

(L.S.) CHARLES ROBERT COMTE DE NESSELRODE. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



26 



Ho. 1] FRANOB AND SWEDEN. [30 May, 1814. 

[lot Peace of Paris.] 

[For Cotivention and Additional Articles between France and 
Spain. Signed at Paris, 20th July, 1814. See No. 3.] 



Additional and Secret Article. France and Sweden. 

Paris, mth May, 1814. 

Sttbjbot. 
Union of Norway to Sweden, 

(Translation.) 
Union of Norway to Sweden, 

His Most Christian Majesty recognises the Union of the 
Kingdom of Norway to the Kingdom of Sweden by virtue of its 
oeseion to His Swedish Majesty by the Treaty of Kiel. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
validity as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty Patent 
of this day. It shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be 
exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same and have affixed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 80th May, in the year of Our Lord, 1814. 

(L.S.; LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 

(L.S.) C. STEDINGK. 

(L.S.) G. BARON DE WETTARSTEDT. 

[The Additional Article for the abrogation of the Treaties from 
1805 to 1809, as well as the Separate and Secret Articles, are the 
same as those at pages 18 and 22.] 



Extracts from Treaty between Great Britain and Denmark. 
Signed at Kiel, \^th January, 1814. 

(Translation.) 

Art. III. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland consents to restore to His Danish 
Majesty all the Possessions and Colonies which have been 
conquered by the British Arms in this present War, except 
the Island of Heligoland, which His Britannic Majesty reserves 
to himself with full and unlimited Sovereignty. 

Art. X. Whereas His Danish Majesty, in virtue of the Treaty 
of Peace this day concluded with His Majesty the King of Sweden, 

27 



30 May, 1814.] frangb and Sweden. [No. 1 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

has ceded the Kingdom of Norway to His said Majesty for a cer- 
tain indemnity provided by Sweden, His Britannic Majesty, who 
has thus seen his engagements contracted with Sweden in this 
respect fulfilled, promises, in concert with the King of Sweden, to 
employ his good offices with the Allied Powers, at the General 
Peace, to obtain for Denmark a proper indemnity for the cession 
of Norway. 



Extract from Treaty between Sweden and Denmark. Signed 

at Kiel, \^th January^ 1814. 

(Translation.) 

AitT. IV. His Majesty the King of Denmark, as well for him- 
self as for his successors to the Throne and to the Kingdom of 
Denmark, renounces irrevocably and in perpetuity, in favour of 
His Majesty the King of Sweden and to his Successors to the 
Throne and Kingdom of Sweden, to all his rights and titles over 
the Kingdom of Norway, namely : the Bishoprics and Bailiwicks 
(steft) hereinafter specified, those of Christiansund, Bergenhaus, 
AggershuuB, and Trondheim, with Nordland and Finmarken, as 
far as the Frontiers of the Empire of Russia. 



For Correspondence between Great Britain and Norway ; between 
Sweden and Norway; and between Great Britain, Austria, 
Prussia, Russia, and Denmark, respecting the opposition of 
Norway to the above arrangements, in June and July, 1814, 
see " State Papers," vol. i, pp. 1015, 1020, 1296. 



28 



MAP 

PRANCE 
in 

1814' 




FSAMCE 

to illustrate Arlicle III in 
TUK FIRST PJiACE Of HARIS 

(JO"JtIAY1811 



tES FLAIE 1 




MAP 

FRANCE 

in 

1814 



MAY. 

PRANCE 
in 

1814' 



•m 




y. 




m 


■] 


^ '- \ ^ 


V 


\ 


C\ ^ !, = 

I fi 


d. 


s 




<-x^ 



MAP 



FRAJ^CE 
in 

1814 



No. 2] AUSTRIA AND BATABIA. [3 June, 1814. 

[Tsrrol, Vorarlberff, Kayenoe.] 

No. 2.— CONVENTION between Austria and Bavaria.— 

Signed at Paris, Srd June, 1814. 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. Territorial Arrangements. 

1. Ihfrol, Vorarlber^y Salxburgt &c. Guarantee of Ba/wnian TerrUortf, 

2. Tyrol, Vararlberg Wurttburg, Aschaffenhourg, 

3. Territories on left bank of the Rhine, Gtirrison Fortress of Magence, 

4. Cession of Eedevitz, in Bagreuth. 

6. Bemoyal of Salt Contract. Saltzhwrg, 

6. Town of Magence. Palatinate of tbe Bhinef &e. 

7' Mortgage Debts on ceded Territories, Pensions, &c. 

8. Mortgage Debts on respective States. 

9. Privileges of Private Individuals, &c. Bight to Emigrate. 

10. Bight to Dispose of Salt Magazines, Mineral Produce, &o, 

11. Bemoval of Artillery and Ammunition. 

12. Native Officers and Soldiers in Service of the other Power. 

13. Guarantee to be obtained firom England, PrusHa, and EtuHa of Baioarian 

retrocessions. 

14. Treaty to be kept Secret. 



(Translation.*) 

His Majesty tbe King of Bavaria, and His Imperial, Royal, 
and Apostolic Majesty, wishing at the time of the Pacification 
of France to define more precisely the stipulations of the Treaty 
of Ried,t have determined to come, without delay, to an under- 
standing on the arrangements to be made for the execution 
of the said Treaty.' 

His Majesty the King of Bavaria, on the one part, and His 
Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, on the other part, have 
accordingly named Plenipotentiaries, that is to say : — 

His Majesty the King of Bavaria, Charles Philippe, Count de 
Wrede, his Field-Marshal, Grand Cross of his Orders, as well as 
of those of Austria, Russia, Prussia, &c. 

And His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, Clement 
Lothaire Wenceslas, Prince of Mettemich, Winneburg Ochsen- 
hausen, his Minister of State, of Conferences, and of Foreign 
Affairs, &c. 

Who, after having exchanged their credentials, have agreed 
on the following Articles: — 

• For French Version see " State Papers,*' vol. i, p. 177. 
t Treaty between Austria and Bavaxia of 8th October, 1813. See 
Appendix. 

29 



3 June, 1814.] AUSTBIA and batabia. [No. 2 

[Tyrol, Vorarlberff, Xayanoe«] 

Tyrol, Vorarlhergy Salzburg, 4rc., to he cedsd to Atistria, Guarantee 

of Bavarian Territory, 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of Bavaria, and His Imperial, 
Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, wishing to anticipate every mis- 
understanding which might arise* out of a false interpretation 
of the Secret Articles of the Treaty of Ried,* and to strengthen 
the relations of friendship and of good understanding existing 
between them, -have agreed to give to Articles II, III, and IV 
of the said Treaty, the following meaning, that is to say : — 

His Majesty the King of Bavaria engages to cede to His 
Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, the Tyrol, the Vorarl- 
berg, the Principality of Salzburg, in the same manner as it had 
been possessed by the last Austrian Prince, with the exception 
of the Bailiwick of Laufen, and the villages situated on the left 
bank of the Saal, the Innviertel, and the Circle of Hausruck, save 
and except the modifications which are mentioned in Articles II 
and IV of the present Convention ; and, on the other hand, His 
Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty guarantees to make over 
to His Majesty the King of Bavaria the most ample equiva- 
lents for the said territories, and even more, so far as it may be 
in his power, and that circumstances shall admit of. 

Possession of the Tyrol ayid Vorarlberg by Austria; and of 
Wurtzhurg and Aschaffeiibotirg hy Bavaria, 

Art. II. The High Contracting Parties, wishing to accelerate 
as far as in them lies the time at which . the execution of 
Article IV shall take effect, have agreed that His Imperial, 
Royal, and Apostolic Majesty shall take possession of the Tyrolf 
as it was when united to the Crown of Bavaria (with the ex- 
ception of the Bailiwick of Vils, which is reserved for special 
arrangement), as well as of the Vorarlberg,! with the exception 
of the Bailiwick of Weiler, within 15 days after the exchange of 
the Ratifications of the present Convention; and that His 
Majesty the King of Bavaria shall, at the same time, be put in 
possession of the Grand Duchy of Wurtzburg,J and of the 
Principality of Aschaffenbourg,J just as they have been held by 
their late Sovereigns. The other i-etrocessions on the part of 
Bavaria, in exchange for equivalents, not mentioned in this 

* Treaty between Austria and Bavaria of 8th October, 1813. See 
Appendix. 

t See Vienna CongreBS Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XOm. 
t See Vienna CongreM Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Art. XLIY. 

30 



No. 2] AUSTBIA AND BATARIA. [3 June, 1814. 

[Tyrol, Vorarlberff, Kayenee.] 

Article, shall take place after the definitive arrangements, or 
sooner if possible. 

Occupation of Territories on Left Bank of the Rhine by Austrian 

and Bavarian Troops. 

Art. III. The territories situated on the left bank of the 
Rhine, between the new frontiers of France and the right bank 
of the Moselle, shall be occupied until the definitive arrange- 
ments are made in Germany by the Bavarian and Austrian troops, 
under the separate command of their respective Generals. A 
mixed Commission shall be appointed to regulate all that has 
reference to the administration of the said territories, and their 
revenues shall bo collected on account of the two Governments, 
and divided into equal parts. An understanding shall be come 
to as to the number of troops which, on either side, shall occupy 
the said territories. 

Garrison of Fortresses of Mayence (Mentz),* 

The Town and Fortress of Mayence shall be occupied by the 
Austrian and Prussian troops, in accordance with the arrange- 
ments made by the High Powers. 

Cession of Bedevitz, in Bayreuth, 

Art. IV. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty engages 
to cede to His Majesty the King of Bavaria, at the general 
peace, the Bailiwick of Redevitz, enclosed within the Principality 
of Bayreuth .f 

Renewal of Salt Contract. Saltzburg. 

Art. V. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, taking 
into consideration the difficulties experienced by Bavaria in the 
provision of Salt, engages to renew the Salt contract formerly 
existing between Bavaria and Saltzburg, to the amount of 200,000 
quintals. 

Town of Mayence (^Mentz)^ Palatinate of the Rhine, ^c. 

Art. VI. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty afore- 
said, wishing to give to His Majesty the King of Bavaria proofs 

• This FortresB was declared to be a Fortress of the Q-omianic Confede- 
ration, bj the Treaties between Austria, Prussia, and Hesse-Parmstadt, and 
between Gkeat Britain and Hesse-Darmstadt, of 80th June, 1816. 

t See Protocol between Great Britain, &c., and France of 3rd November, 
1815, and Treaty between Austria and Bavaria of 14th April, 1816. 

31 






of the Ittterett which he takes in seeing his power 
OTj »oIid U/uiAstt\on% promises to ui* hU best oflioes : — 

L To cause the Town and Place of Mavenoe to fall to the lot 
of Bararia,* and to caose the greatest possible extent of territoiy 
ffu the left bank of the Rhine to be given to His Bavarian 
Majesty. 

2, To caose the ancient Palatinate of the Rhine to fall to 
the share of Bavaria, His Majesty the King of Bavaria engaging 
on his part to facilitate frontier arrangements, which shall be found 
to be of matual convenience between him and to his neighbonr8.t 

8. To facilitate the arrangements for cession, exchange, and 
other transactions which EHs Bavarian Majesty might wish to make 
with neighlxmring States, namely, with the King of Wurtemburg, 
the Grand-Dokes of Baden and of Darmstadt, and the Princes 
of Nassau, for establishing more direct communications between 
his States. 

The stipulations of the present Article apply to the small Prin- 
cipalities which are situated on the lines of conmiunicatiou 
between the Bavarian States, on the supposition that by virtue 
of the definite arrangements of Germany, they were mediatised. 

Mortgage Debts on Ceded Territories. Pensions, ^c, 

Abt. VII. The High Contracting Parties undertake to dis- 
cliargo the Mortgage Debts on the Territories ceded or exchanged 
on either side. They also undertake to pay all Pensions, retiring 
pensions, and Salaries belonging to the administration of the said 

territories. 

Mortgage Debts on respective States. 

Art. VIII. The High Contracting Parties undertake to re- 
move, as far as in them lies, all obstacles which have arisen since 
the war of 1805, on the subject of Mortgages placed on their 
respective States. 

Property of Private Indwiduals, ^c. Bight to Emigrate. 

Art. IX. Private Individuals, as well as public Establishments 
and Foundations shall continue freely to enjoy their Properties, 
whether they be situated under the one or other Sovereignty. 
Families wishing to emigrate shall be allowed 6 years to sell 

^ By the Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Hesse-Darmstadt, of 80th 
June, 1816, liCayenoe, with the exception of the Fortress, was given to Hesse- 
Darmstadt. 

t Bee Treaty between Austria and Bavaria of 14tli April, 1816. 

32 



Ho. 2] AUSTRIA AITD BAVARIA. [3 June, 1814. 

[Tyrol, Vorarlberff, Kayenoe.] 

their goods, and to export their value, without any deduction 
whatever. 

lUght to dispose of Salt Works, Mineral Produce, 4'c* 

Art. X. The High Contracting Parties agree to a term of 
3 months, dating from the signature of the present Convention, 
to enable them to sell the Salt Works, Mineral Produce, and all 
other factories whatever, to the State taking possession, or to 
export them free of all duty and drawbacks whatever. 

Bemoval of Artillery and Ammunition. 

Art. XI. The same term of 3 months is agreed upon by tho 
High Contracting Parties, for the removal of all articles of Artil- 
lery (Artillerie de place) and ammunition. 

Native Officers and Soldiers in the Service of th^ other Powers. 

Art. XII. Within the term of one year from the date of the 
signature of the present Convention, military men bom within 
the territories exchanged or ceded shall be placed at the disposal 
of their respective Sovereigns. It is, however, agreed that the 
OflBcers and Soldiers who may wish of their free will to remain in 
the service of either Power may do so, without being interfered 
with in any way. All arrangements contrary to the present 
Article, which may have been entered into since 1809, are 
annulled. 

Ouarantee to ho ohiained from England, Prussia, and Bussia, of 

Bavarian retrocessions. 

Art. XIII. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty 
promises His Majesty the King of Bavaria, to obtain for him 
from the Courts of Russia, England, and Prussia, tlie guarantee 
of his dominions, and of the Territories which have devolved 
to him by virtue of the present Convention, or which sliall 
devolve upon him by virtue of the definitive arrangements. 

Treaty to he kept Secret. 

Art. XIV and Last. The present Convention, bearing only 
on arrangements of mutual convenience between the High Con- 
tracting Parties, shall not be communicated to any of the allied 
Courts, and shall remain secret between them. It shall be rati- 
fied within 15 days, or sooner if possible. 

33 i> 



3 June, 1814.] AUSTRIA AND BAVARIA. [Mo. 2 

[Tsrrol, Vorarlbarff, Kayenoe.] 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
digned the same, and have affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 
Signed at Paris, 3rd June, 1814. 

(L.S.) LE FELD MARECHAL COMTE 

DE WREDE. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICn. 



Additional Articles. Austria and Bavaria, 2\im, 

3rd June, 1814. 

(Translation.) 

Occupation of Fortress of Knf stein. 

Abt. I. The Forttt^ss of Kufstein, not including the Town of 

the same name, shall continue to be occupied by Bavarian troops, 

until the definitive arrangements between the two Powers. 

Payments for Ai^ny Supplies, 
Abt. II. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty promisea 
TTift Majesty the Sang of Bavaria, to cause all articles fumishtid 
to the Austrian troops during their passage through the Bavaiiaa 
States to be paid. 

Indemnity for Arrears of Direct Taxes. 
Art. III. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty will 
indemnify the Bavarian Government for the arrears which would 
be due to them, on the direct taxes of the French departments 
which had been placed under their administration during the war, 
in the same proportion as he may be indemnified by the French 
OoveiTunent. 

Addillonal Articles to have same force and validity as the 

Convention. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
validity as if they were inserted, word for word, in the Conven- 
tion of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
thereof shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the same, and have affixed thereto the seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 3rd of June, 1814. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE WKEDE. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 



34 



No. 8] FBANCB Alf D SPAIN. [20 July, 1814. 

[1st Peaoe of Pluris.] 

No. 3. — TREATY of Peace between France and Spain^ 

Signed at Parisy 20th July^ 1814. 

Abt. Tasle. 



32.) 



8m TE«iiiy of 30th May, 1814. 
32. 

33. Ratificationfl. 

Addiiioiml Articles, 

1. Restoration of Properfy. 

2. A Commerdal Treaty to be oondaded. 

(Translation.*) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

HiB Majesty the King of Spain and the Indies, and his 
Allies, on the one part, and His Majesty the King of France and 
of Navarre, on the other part, animated by an equal desire to 
terminate the long agitations of Europe, and the sufferings of 
mankind, by a permanent Peace, foimded upon a just repartition 
of Force between its States, and containing in its stipulations the 
pledge of its durability ; and His Majesty the King of Spain and 
the Indies, together with his Allies, being unwilling to require 
of France, now that, replaced under the patepial Government of 
her Kings, she offers the assurance of security and stability to 
Europe, the conditions and guarantees which they had with regret 
demanded from her former Government, their said Majesties have 
named, to discuss, settle and sign a Treaty of Peace and Amity, 
namely : — 

His Majesty the King of Spain, Don Pedro Gomez Labrador, 
his Councillor of State, &c. 

And His Majesty the King of France, Charles Maurice Talley- 
rand Perigord, Prince de Benevent, his Minister and Secretary 
of State for Foreign Affairs, &c. 

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found to bo 
in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : — 

[The Articles of this Treaty are the same as those of the 
General Treaty of Paris of 30th May, 1814, No. 1.] 

Ratifications. 

XXXIII. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations thereof shall be exchanged within the period of 20 days, 
or sooner if possible. 

• For French Tcruon, boo ** State Papers," toL i, p. 1099. 

85 D 2 



20 July, 1814.] PBANOE AOT) SPAIN. [No. 3 

[Ist Peace of Paris.] 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
si^ed and affixed to it the Seals of their Arms. 
Done at Paris, the 20th July, 1814. 

(L.S.) PEDRO GOMEZ LABRADOR. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



Additional Articles. France and Spain. Paris^ 2Qth 

July, 1814. 

Restoration of Property Sequestered, 

Art. I. Properties of whatever nature possessed by Spaniards 
in France, or by Frenchmen in Spain, shall be respectively re- 
stored to them in the same state as that in which they were at the 
time of their Sequestration or Confiscation. The removal of 
Sequestration shall extend to all Properties of that nature, what- 
ever may be the time of the Sequestration. Disputes respecting 
coins in actual circulation, or which may arise hereafter between 
France and Spain, whether they shall have arisen before the War 
or at a later date, shall be settled by a mixed Commission ; and if 
such Disputes are within the jurisdiction of courts of justice, the 
respective tribunals shall be called upon, on either side, to ad- 
minister a prompt and impartial justice. 

A Commercial Treaty to be concluded. 

Art. II. A Treaty of Commerce shall be concluded between 
the two Powers as soon as possible, and until such Treaty can be 
put into execution, the commercial relations between the two 
kingdoms shall be re-established on the same footing as they 
existed in 1792. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
validity as if they were inserted, word for word, in the Treaty of 
this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications thereof 
shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th July, 1814. 

(L.S.) PEDRO-GOMEZ LABRADOR. 
(L S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 

86 



Ho. d aBEAI BBITAIK, &o., AND NETHEBLAimS. [21 Jtdy, 1814 

[Belffio Provinces.] 

Ho. 4. — ACT of Acceptance of the Sovereignty of the Belgic 
Provinces^ in the name of the King of the Netlierlands. 
Signed at The Hague, 2\8t July, 1814.* 

[This Act was annexed to the Treaty between Great Britain, 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and the Netheriands of 31st May, 
1815, No. 22 ; and which Treaty formed Annex X to the Vien 
Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. Union of Solland and Belgium. 

1. Conatitation of HoUand to 6h>Yem both States. 

2. Beligious Eqnalitj. 

8. Bepreaentation of Belgic Prorinces at Aasembly of States GeneraL 

4. Equality of Inhabitants of the Netherlands, 

5. Commerce and Navigation in Dutch Colonies. 

6. Debts to be paid by the Netherlands. 

7. Expenses of Frontier Fortresses to be paid by the Netherlands. 

8. Bepair of Dykes. 

(English Version.f ) 

His Excellency the Earl of Clancarty, Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Minister Renipotentiary from His Britannic Majesty to His 
Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands, having 
delivered to the Undersigned a copy of the Protocol of a Con- 
ference which took place in the month of Jime last, between the 
Ministers of the High Allied Powers, and signed by them, on 
the subject of the Union of Belgium with HollandJ ; and the said 
Ambassador having also communicated to him the instructions 
he had received from his Court, to enter into an arrangement 
with General Baron Vincent, Governor General of Belgium, for 
delivering up the Provisional Government of the Belgic Provinces 
to the person whom His Royal Highness shall entrust with it, in 
the name of the Allied Powers, until the time of their definitive 
and formal Union ; provided that the said Ambassador, previously, 
and in conjunction with the Ministers, or other Diplomatic Agents 
of Austria, Russia and Prussia, now at the Hague, should receive 
from His Royal Highness his formal Accession to the conditions 
of the Union of the Two Countries, according to the invitation 
made to the Prince Sovereign, in the said Protocol ; the under- 

* This Union between Holland and Belgium was dissolTed bj the Treaty 
between the 5 Powers and Belgium of the 15th Noyembcr, 1831, and the 
Treaties of 19th April, 1839. 

t For French version, see *' State Papers," vol. ii, p, 141. 

t See page 40. 

37 



21 July, 1814J OBEAT BBTTAIN, Ac, AND NEIHXBLASDfi. [llo.4 

pMclo Proviao— .3 

signed has laid before His Royal Highness the copy of the Pro- 
tocol, and the OfiScial Note of the said Ambassador, which con- 
t£dned the substance of his Instructions on this subject. 

His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign declares, that the 
ConditionB of the Union, contained in the Protoco!, are conformable 
to the f dlowing 8 Articles : 

Constitution of Holland to govern both Stales. 

Abt. I. This Union shall be intimate and complete, so that the 
Two Countries shall form but One and the same State ; governed 
by the Constitution already established in Hdland, which shall 
be modified by conmion consent, according to existing circum- 
stances. 

Religious Equality, 

Abt. II. No innovation shall be made in the Articles of thhi 
Constitution, which assure equal protection and favour to every 
sect, and guarantee the admission of all dtizens, whatever their 
religious belief may be, to public employments and offices. 

Sipreeentaiion of Belgic Provinces at Aesembfy of States ChneraL 

Art. ni. The Bel^c Provinces shall be properly represented 
at the Assembly of the States General, of which the Ordinary 
Sessions shall be held, in time of Peace, in a city in Hdland and 
in a dty of Belgium, alternately. 

Equality of Inht^itants of the Netherlands, 

Axr. lY. Every inhabitant of the Netherlands being thus 
placed by the Constitution upon the same footing, the different 
provinces shall equally enjoy all such commercial and other 
advantages as are consistent with their respective situations; 
and no kind of impediment or restriction shall be imposed on 
eitiier, to the advantage of the other. 

Commerce and Navigation in Dutch Colonies, 

Abt. V. Immediately after^he Union, the Provinces and Towns 
of Bel^um shall participate in the Commerce and Navigation of 
the Colonies, xrpcm the same footing as the Provinces and Towns 
of Hdlaad. 

Debts to be paid by the Netherlands. 

Abt. YI. As the expenses as well as the pn^ts are to be 
jointiy shared, the Debts contracted, up to the period of the Union 

88 



No. 4G GBEAT BRITAIN, Ac, AIH) NETHEELANDS. [21 July, 1814. 

[Belffio Provinces.] 

of the Dutch provinces, on the one side, and the Belgic provinces 
on the other, shall be at the charge of the Treasurer-General of 
the Netherlands. 

Expenses of Frontier Fortresses to be paid by the Netherlands, 

Art. VII. Upon the same principles, the expenses necessary 
for the establishment and preservation of the Frontier Fortresses 
of the new State, shall be defrayed by the Treasurer-General, as 
resulting from an object connected with the safety and independ- 
ence of all the provinces and of the whole Nation. 

Repair of Dykes. 

Abt. Vin. The expenses of establishing and repairing Dykes 
shall be defrayed by the districts more immediately interested in 
this part of the public convenience ; the State in general, how- 
ever, shall not be exempted from contributing towards the 
same, in case of extraordinary disaster, as it has hitherto beca 
the custom in Holland. 

And His Royal Highness having accepted these 8 Articles, as* 
the Bases and Conditions of the Union of Belgium with Holland, 
under the Sovereignty of His Royal Highness ; 

The Undersigned, Anne William Charles Baron de Nagell, 
Chamberlain to His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign of the 
Netherlands, and his Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, is 
charged and authorised, in the name and on the part of His 
august Master, to accept the Sovereignty of the Belgic Pro- 
vinces, upon the conditions contained in the 8 preceding 
Articles, and to guarantee, by the present Act, their acceptance 
and execution. 

In faith of which the Undersigned, Anne William Charles 
Baron de Nagell, Chamberlain to His Royal Highness the- 
Prince Sovereign of the United Netherlands, and his Secretary 
of State for Foreign Affairs, has confirmed the present Act by 
his signatm-e, and lias caused to be aflfixed thereunto the Seal 
of his Arms. 

Done at the Hague, the 2l8t of July, 1814. 

(L.S.) A. W. C. DE NAGELL^ 



89 



21 July, 1814.] GBEAT BEITAIN, AUSTRIA, kc [No. 4 

[Belffinm and Holland.] 

PROTOCOL of Conference between Great Britain, Awtria^ 
Russia^ and Prussia. Vienna, lAth June, 1814. 

[Protocol referred to in Preamble of preceding Act.] 

Tablb. 

Preamble. 

Union of Belgium to Rolland. Equilibriam of Europe, Bight of Conquest. 
Interests of Holland and Belffwm. 
Provisional G-oyernment. 

Prince of Orange to Sanction Provisional G-OTernment. 
Separate Arrangements to be entered into with the Allies under Mediation 
of England, 

(Translation.) 

TuE measures to be taken to effect the Union of Belgium to 
Holland, and those relative to the delivery of the Provisional 
Government to the Prince of Orange, are the subjects for dis- 
cussion. 

The principles from which the Powers start, relative to the 
union of Belgium and Holland, are the following : — 

Union of Belgium to Holland, Equilibrium of Europe. Eight 

of Conquest, 

1. That Union was decided by virtue of the political principles 
adopted by them for the establishment of a state of equilibrium 
in Europe ; they put those principles into execution by virtue of 
their right of conquest of Belgium. 

Interests of Holland and Belgium. 

2. Animated by a spirit of liberality, and wishing to insure 
the repose of Europe by the reciprocal well being of the parties 
composing it, the Powers wish to consult the particular interests 
both of Holland and Belgium, in order to effect the most perfect 
amalgamation between the two Countries. 

Provisional Government, 

3. The Powers think they have found the means of attaining 
that end by adopting as a basis of the Union the points put for- 
ward by Lord Clancarty, and agreed to by the Sovereign Prince 
of Holland. 

Prince of Orange to sanction Provisional Government. 
The Powers shall in consequence invite the Prince of Orange 
to give his formal sanction to the conditions of the Union of the 

40 



No. 4] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [21 July, 1814. 

[Belffinm and Holland.] 

two Countries. He shall afterwards appoint a person charged with 
the Provisional Grovemment of Belgium. The Grovemor-Greneral 
shall enter into the functions of the actual Austrian Governor, 
and he shall administer that country in the name of the Allied 
Powers, until the definitive and formal Union, which can only take 
place at the time of the general arrangements of Europe. 

Separate Arrangements to he entered into with the Allies undei* 

Mediation of England. 

The Prince of Orange shall nevertheless be invited to act 
under the most liberal principles, and in a spirit of conciliation, in 
order to prepare and effect the amalgamation of the two Countries 
on the basis adopted by the Powers. The demands of the Powers 
on Holland and Belgium shall be the object of a separate trans- 
action with the Prince of Orange, to whom England will extend 
her mediation. The negotiation relative to this object shall also 
take place at Vienna. 

Vienna, 14th Jiiiio, J 814. 

NESSELRODE. METTERNICH. 

HARDENBERG. CASTLEREAGH. 



41 



3 Aug., 1814.] GBEAT BBITAIN AJSD NETHBBLAia)S. [No. fi 

[Dutoh Colonies.] 

No. 5.— CONVENTION between Great Britain and the 
Netherlands. — Signed at London^ 13th AugiLst, 1814. 

AsT. Tablb. 

Preamble. Home of Orange. Arrangoments respecting DuMk Colome^ 
conquered dnring the war. 

1. Colonies restored to the Netherlands; the Cape of Good Hope, Demerara, 

Seeequibo, and Berhice excepted. 

2. Cession of Island of Banca by Ghreat Britain to the Netherlands in exchange 

for Coehm. 
8. Surrender of Places and Forts. 
4. Commerce, &c., of the Dutch within British Dominions in India placed 

on footing of the most favoured nation. No Fortifications to be 

erected by the Dutch. Number of Troops to be limited in Colonies 

restored. 
6. Periods of Ceaion. 

6. Security of Persons and Property in Countries ceded and restored. 

7. Right of Emigration. 

8. Abolition of the Slave Tirade. 

9. Ratifications. 

Additional Articles. 

1. § 1. Compensation to Sweden for Omtdaloupe. 

§ 2. Expenses of Defence of the Low Countries. 

§ 3. Union with Holland. Cession to Qreat Britain of the Ct^ of Good 
Hope, Demerara, JEeeeguibo, and Berhice, Dutch proprietors 
in Berhioe. Resort of Dutch ships to the Cape. 

2. Cession to Qreat Britain of District of Bemagore, near Calcutta. 
8. Validity of Additional Articles. To be ratified with Treaty. 



Preamble. House of Orange. Arrangement respecting Dutch 

Colonies during the war. 

(English version.*) 
In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 
The United Provinces of the Netherlands, under the favour of 
Divine Providence, having been restored to their^Independence, 
and having been placed by the loyalty of the Dutch people and 
the achievements of the Allied Powers, under the Government of 
the Illustrious House of Orange ;t and His Britannic Majesty 
being desirous of entering into such arrangements with the Prince 
Sovereign of the United Netherlands, concerning the Colonies of 
the said United Netherlands, which have been conquered by His 
Majesty's arms during the late war, as may conduce to the 
prosperity of the said State, and may afford a lasting testimony 
of His Majesty's friendship and attachment to the family of 
Orange and to the Dutch nation; the said High Contracting 

• For French Version, see ** State Papers," voL ii, p. 870. 
t See Treaty of 80th May, 1814, Art. VI. 

42 



No. S] (HERAT BRTTATN AND NETHESLAND8. [13 Aug., 1814. 

[Dvteh OoIoniAs.] 

Parties, equally animated by those sentiments of cordial goodwill 
and attachment to each other, have nominated for their Plenipo- 
tentiaries, namely : 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, the Eight Honoorable Robert Stewart, Viscount 
Castlereagh, one of His said Majesty's Most Honourable Privy 
Council, a Member of Parliament, Colonel of the Londonderry 
Regiment of Militia, Knight of the most noble Order of the Grarter, 
and his Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, &c. ; 

And His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange-Nassau, Prince 
Sovereign of the United Netherlands, his Excellency Henry 
Fagel, his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at the 
Court of His Britannic Majesty ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found in 
good and due form, have agreed to the following Articles : — 

Colonies restored to the Netherlands ; — the Cape of Good Sope^ 
Demeraraj Essequiho, and Berbice excepted, 
AsT. I. His Britannic Majesty engages to restore to the Prince 
Sovereign of the United Netherlands, within the term which shall 
be hereafter fixed, the Colonies, Factories, and Establishments, 
which were possessed by Holland at the commencement of the 
late War, viz., on the 1st of January, 1803, in the Seas and on the 
continents of America, Africa, and Asia, with the exception of the 
Cape of Good Hope and the Settlements of Demerai-a, Essequibo, 
and Berbice, of which possessions the High Contracting Parties 
reserve to themselves the right to dispose by a Supplementaiy 
Convention,* hereafter to be negotiated according to their mutual 
interests ; and especially with reference to the provisions con- 
tained in Articles VI and IX of the Treaty of Peace signed 
between His Britannic Majesty and His Most Christian Majesty, 
on the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1). 

Cession oj Banca hy Great Britain to the Netherlands^ in exchange 

for Cochin, 

Art. II. His Britannic Majesty agrees to cede in full Sove- 
reignty the Island of Banca, in the Eastern Seas, to the Prince 
Sovereign of the Netherlands, in exchange for the Settlement of 
Cochin and its dependencies on the coast of Malabar, which is to 
remain in full Sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty. 

* See Iflt Additional Article ; and Conyention between Great Britain and 
^Netherlands of 12th Aagust, 1815. 

48 



^- " V ^^ 



13 Aug., 1814.] GBKAT BRITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [No. 5 

[l>atoh Oolonles.] 

Surrender of Places and Forts. 
Abt. III. The Places and Forts in the Colonies and Settle- • 
ments which by virtue of the two preceding Articles are to be 
ceded and exchanged by the two Higti^ontcacting P^rtjgs^^6l^^ 
be given up in the state in which they may be at the moment of 
the signature of the present Convention. . - .,\ ^es t^ 

Commerce^ ^c, of the Dutch within British Dominions in India 
placed on footing of the most favoured Nation. 

Art. IV. His Britannic Majesty guarantees to the Subjects of 
His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign of the United Nether- 
lands, the same facilities, privileges, and protection with respect 
to Commerce, and the security of their Property and Persons, 
within the limits of the British sovereignty on the Continent of 
India, as are now or shall be granted to the most favoured 
Nations. 

No Fortifications to be erected hy the Dutch. Number of Troops 

to be limited in Colonies restored. 

His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign, on his part, having 
nothing more at heart than the perpetual duration of Peace 
between the Crown of England and the United Netherlands, and 
wishing to do his utmost to avoid anything which might affect 
their mutual good understanding, engages not to erect any Forti- 
fications in the Establishments which are to be restored to him 
within the limits of the British Sovereignty upon the Continent of 
India, and only to place in those Establishments the number of 
troops necessary for the maintenance of the police. 

Periods of Cession. 
Art. V. Those Colonies, Factories, and Establishments which 
are to be ceded to His Royal Highness the Sovereign Prince of 
the United Netherlands by His Britannic Majesty, in the seas or 
on the continent of America, shall be given up within three 
months, and those which are beyond the Cape of Good Hope 
within the six months which follow the ratification of the present 
Convention. 

Security of Persons and Property in Countries ceded and restored. 

Art. VI. The High Contracting Parties, desirous to bury in 
entire oblivion the dissensions which have agitated Europe, declare 
and promise that no individual, of whatever rank or condition he 
may be, in the countries restored and ceded by the present Treaty, 

4A 



KO. 5] GEEAT BBITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [13 Aug., 1814. 

[Datoh Colonies.] 

shall be prosecuted, disturbed, or molested in bis person or pro- 
perty, under any pretext whatever, either on account of his 
conduct or political opinions, his attachment either to any of the 
Contracting Parties, or to any Government which has ceased to 
exist, or for any other reason except for Debts contracted towards 
individuals, or acts posterior to the date of the present Treaty. 

Right of Emigration, 
Art. VII. The native inhabitants and aliens, of whatever 
nation or condition they may be, in those countries which are to 
change Sovereigns, as well in virtue of the present Convention as 
of subsequent arrangements to which it may give rise, shall be 
allowed a period of six years, reckoning from the exchange of the 
ratifications, for the purpose of disposing of their property, if 
they think fit, whether it be acquired before or during the late 
war, and of retiring to whatever Country they may choose. 

Abolition of Slave Trade. 
Art. VIII, The Prince Sovereign of the United Netherlands, 
anxious to co-operate, in the most effectual manner, with His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, so as to bring about the total abolition of the Trade in 
Slaves on the Coast of Africa, and having spontaneously issued a 
Decree on the 15th June, 1814, wherein it is enjoined that no 
ships or vessels whatever, destined for the Trade in Slaves, be 
cleared out or equipped in any of the harbours or places of his 
dominions, nor admitted to the forts or possessions on the coast 
of Guinea, and that no inhabitants of that country shall be sold 
or exposed as Slaves,— does moreover hereby engage to prohibit 
all his subjects in the most effectual manner and by the most 
solemn laws, from taking any share whatsoever in such inhuman 

traflBc. 

Jiatifications. 

Art. IX. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications shall be duly exchanged at London within three 
weeks from the date hereof, or sooner if possible. 

In witness whereof, we the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, in 
virtue of our respective Full Powers, have signed the present 
Convention, and have aflSxed thereto the Seal of om* Arms. 
Done at London, this 13th day of August, 1814. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGfl. 
(L.S.) H. FAGEL. 

45 



13 Anfry 1814.] aKBAT BRTTAIN AITD KETHESLANDS. [Jfo. S 

[l>atoh Oolonias.] 

F1R8T Additional Abticle. 
In order the better to provide for the Defence and incorporation 
of the Belgic Provinces with Holland, and also to provide, in con- 
formity to Article IX of the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), a suitable Com- 
pensation for the rights ceded by His Swedish Majesty under the 
said Article, which Compensation, it is understood, in the event of 
the above reunion, Holland should be Liable to furnish, in pursu- 
ance of the above stipulations ; it is hereby agreed between the 
High Contracting Parties, that His Britannic Majesty shall take 
upon himself, and engage to defray the following charges 2 — 

§ 1. Compensation to Sweden for Quadalotipe. 
1st. The payment of £1,000,000 sterling [24,000,000 francs] 
to Sweden, in satisfaction of the claims aforesaid, and in pursu- 
ance of a Convention this day executed with His Swedish Majesty's 
Plenipotentiary to that effect, a copy of which Convention is an- 
nexed to these Additional Articles.* 

§ 2. Expenses of Defence of the Low Countries^ and of their Union 

with Holland. 

2ndly. The advance of £2,000,000 sterling, to be applied, in 
concert with the Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands, and in aid 
of an equal sum, to be furnished by him, towards augmenting 
and improving the Defences of the Low Countries {Pays Bos), 

§ 3. Cession to Great Britain of the Cape oj Good Hope^ Demerara^ 
Essequiho^ and Berhice. Dutch Proprietors in Berbice. Resort 
of Dutch Ships to the Cape. 

Srdly. To bear, equally with Holland, such further charges as 
may be agreed upon between the said High Contracting Parties 
and their Allies, towards the final and satisfactory settlement of 
the Low Countries, in union with Holland, and under the dominion 
of the House of Orange, not exceeding in the whole the sum of 
£3,000,000 to be defrayed by Great Britain. 

In consideration and in satisfaction of the above engagements, 
as taken by His Britannic Majesty, the Prince Sovereign of the 
Netheriands agrees to cede in full Sovereignty to His Britannic 
Majesty, the Cape of Good Hope, and the Settlements of Deme- 
rara, Essequibo, and Berbice, upon the condition, nevertheless, 
that the Subjects of the said Sovereign Prince, being Proprietors 
in the said Colonies or Settlements, shall be at liberty (under such 

• (ISth AugUBt, 1814). See Appendix. 

46 



Ho, 6] GBKAT BMTAIN AND lOrrHEBLANDS. [13 Aug., 1814w 

[l>atcli Colonies.] 

Regulations as may hereafter be agreed upon in a Supplementary 
Convention) to carry on trade between the said settlements and 
the territories in Europe of the said Sovereign Prince.* 

It is also agreed between the two High Contracting Parties, 
that the ships of every kind belonging to Holland, shall have 
permission to resort freely to the Cape of Good Hope, for the 
purposes of refreshment and repairs, without being liable to other 
charges than such as British subjects are required to pay. 

Second ADDmoNAL Abticle. 

Cession to Great Britain of District of Bemagore near 

Calcutta. 

The small District of Bemagore, situated dose to Calcutta, 
being requisite to the due preservation of the peace and police of 
that city, the Prince of Orange agrees to cede the said district to 
TSSb Britannic Majesty, upon a payment of such sum annually to 
His Royal Highness as may be considered, by Commissioners to 
be appointed by the respective Governments, to be just and 
reasonable, with reference to the profits or revenue usually de- 
rived by the Dutch Government from the same. 

Third Addihonal Abuclr. 
Validity of Additional Articles, To he ratified with Treaty, 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
validity as- if they were inserted word for word in the Convention 
signed this day. Tliey shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall 
be exchanged at the same time and place.f 

In witness whereof, we the undersigned Plenipotentiaries 
have signed and affixed to them the seal of our arms. 

Done at London, this ISth day of August, 1814. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGII. 
(L.S.) H. FAGEL. 



For Treaty of Peace between Denmark and Prussia of 25th 

August, 1814. See Api)endix. 

• See ConTention between Ghreat Britain and NetherlandB of 12th 
August, 1815. 

t See reference to delay in the execution of this Convention in British 
Note attached to the Treaty of I7th March, 1824. 



47 



24 Dec, 1814.] GREAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [No. 6 

[Treaty of Ohent.] 



No. 6.— TREATY OF PEACE and Amky between Great 
Britain and the United States of America. — Signed at 
Ghent, 24tth Decemberj 1814. 



Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. Peace and Amity. 

1. Bestoratioii of Peace, friendship, and good understanding upon prin- 

ciples of perfect reciprocity between Territories and People respec- 
tiyelj. Cessation of Hostilities after Ratification of Treaty. Restora- 
tion of Territory, Places and Possessions captured during the War 
(excepting Islands near Boundary Line), non-destruction nor removal 
of Artillery or other Public Property in Forte or Places, nor Slaves 
or other Private Property. Restoration of Archives, Records, &c. 
Temporary retention of Islands of the Bay of Patsamaquoddy, 

2. Prizes taken after ratification of Treaty. Periods for Cessation of Hostili- 

ties in different latitudes at Sea. 
8. Restoration of Prisoners of War on their payment of their Debts. Repay- 
ment of Advances for Subsistence of Prisoners. 

4. Boundary : Islands in the Bay of Pcusamaquoddy (Part of Bay of Fundy) 

and Island of Orand Menan. Appointment of Commissioners to decide 
claims thereto. Oath and Place of Meeting. Decision, by Declaration 
or Report, final and conclusive. Arbitration in case of Difference. 

5. Boundary (Norih-Eastern) : Determination of Point of Highlands north 

of River SL Croix f or north-west angle of Nova Scotia; and north- 
westernmost head of Connecticut Biver. Survey of Line from Biver 
8t. Croix to Nova Scotia; along Highlands to Connecticut Biver: 
down River to 45th degree; and Line west to Biver Iroquois, or 
Catarayuy {St Lawrence), Appointment of Commissioners. Oath, 
and Place of Meeting. Map, and Declaration, final and conclusive. 
Arbitration in case of Difference. 

6. Boundary: Water Line from Biver Iroquois (St, Lawrence) , through 

Lakes Ontario, Brie, and Buron, to Lake Superior, Doubts as to 
middle of Lakes and Islands therein. Appointment of Commissioners. 
Oath, and Place of Meeting. Report or Declaration final and conclu- 
sive. 

7. Boundary : Determination, by last Conmiissioners, of Water Line from Lake 

Huron and Lake Superior to the Lixke of the Woods, and of Islands 
therein; and Latitude and Longitude of Norih-wett Point of Lake of 
the Woods, Report or Declaration final and conclusive. Arbitration 
in case of Difference 

8. Boundary : Appointment of Secretary, Surveyors, Ac., by Commissioners. 

Duplicates of Reports, Declarations, Statements, Decisions, Accounts, 
and Journals of Proceedings. Payment of Salaries and Expenses. 
Supply of Yacaneics. Validity of G-rants of Land in Islands in ques- 
tion made by Power in possession before the War. 

48 



No. 6J O&BAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [24 Dec, 1814. 

[Treaty of Ghent.] 

9. Cessation of Hostilities with all the Tribes or Nations of Indians. Resto- 

ration of their Possessions, Bights, and Privileges as in 1811, previous 
totiieWar. 

10. Oontinnaziee of efforts to promote entire abolition of the Slave Trade, 

11. Batiflcations, without alteration. 

Preamble. 

His Britannic Majesty and the Ubited States of America, 
desirous of terminating the War which has unhappily subsisted 
between the two Countries, and of restoring, upon principles of 
perfect reciprocity, Peace, Friendship, and good understanding 
between them, have for that purpose appointed their respective 
Plenipotentiaries, that is to say : His Britannic Majesty, on EUs 
part, has appointed The Right Honourable James Lord Gambier, 
late Admiral of the White, now Admiral of the Red Squadron of 
His Majesty's Fleet ; Henry Goulburn, Esq., a Member of the 
Imperial Parliament, and Under Secretary of State ; and William 
Adams, Esq., Doctor of Civil Laws : 

And the President of the United States, bj and with the 
advice and consent of the Senate thereof, has appointed John 
Quincey Adams, James A. Bayard, Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell, 
and Albert Gallatin, Citizens of the United States, who, after a 
reciprocal communication of their respective Full Powers, have 
agreed upon the following Articles : — 

Peace and Amity. Restoration of Peace^ Friendship^ and good 
understanding wpon principles of perfect reciprocity between 
Territories and Peoples respectively. Cessation of Hostilities 
after Ratification of Treaty. Restoration of Territory^ Places^ 
and Possessions captured during the War {excepting Islands 
near Boundary Line). Non-destruction nor removal of Artillery 
or other Public Property in Forts or Places^ nor Slaves or 
other Private Property, Restoration of Archives, Records, 4'C» 

Abt. I. There shall be a firm and universal Peace between 
His Britannic Majesty and the United States, and between their 
respective countries, teiritories, cities, towns and people, of 
every degree, without exception of places or persons. All 
hostilities both by sea and land shall cease, as soon as this 
Treaty shall have been ratified by both Parties, as hereinafter 
mentioned. All territory, places, and possessions whatsoever, 
taken by either party from the other during the War, or which 
may be taken after the signing of this Treaty, excopliug only 

49 E 



24 Dec, 1814.] GREAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATJS. [Ho. 6 

[Treaty of Ghent.] 

the Islands hereinafter mentioned, shall be restored without 
delay, and without causing any destruction, or carrying away 
any of the artillery, or other Public Property, originally captured 
in the said Forts or Places, and which shall remain therein upon 
the exchange of the Ratifications of this Treaty, or any Slaves or 
other Private Property.* And all Archives, Records, Deeds, and 
Papers, either of a public nature, or belonging to private persons, 
which, in the course of the War, may have fallen into the hands 
of the ofiScers of either party, shall be, as far as may be prac- 
ticable, forthwith restored, and delivered to the proper authorities 
and Persons to whom they respectively belong. 

Temporary retention of Islands of the Bay of Passamaguoddy. 

Such of the Islands in the Bay of Passamaquoddy as are 
claimed by both parties, shall remain in the possession of the 
party in whose occupation they may be at the time of the 
exchange of the Ratifications of this Treaty, until the decision 
respecting the title to the said Islands shall have been made, in 
conformity with Article IV of this Treaty. 

No disposition made by this Treaty, as to such possession 
of the Islands and Territories claimed by both parties, shall 
in any manner whatever be construed to affect the right of 
cither. 

PrUes taken after Ratification of Treaty. Periods for Cessation 
of Hostilities in different Latitudes at Sea. 

Abt. II. Immediately after the Ratifications of this Treaty by 
both parties, as herein after-mentioned, orders shall be sent to 
the armies, squadrons, o£5cers, subjects and citizens of the two 
powers, to cease from all hostilities. And to prevent all causes 
of complaint, which might arise on account of the Prizes which 
may be taken at Sea after the said Ratifications of this Treaty, it 
is reciprocally agreed, that all Vessels and effects which may be 
taken after the space of 12 days from the said Ratifications 
upon all parts of the Coast of North America, from the latitude 
of 23 deg. North, to the latitude of 50 deg. North, and as far 
Eastward in the Atlantic Ocean as the 86th deg. of West longi- 

* Interpretation diBputed. See Conyention of 20th Ootober, 1818; Award 
of Emperor of Busna of 28nd April, 1822 ; and Conrention of n^^i 1822. 

50 



Ho. 6] GREAT BRITAm AND UNITED STATES. [24 Dec, 1814. 

[Treaty of Ohent.] 

tilde from the meridian of Greenwich, shall be restored on each 
side ; that the time shall be 30 days in all other paits of the 
Atlantic Ocean North of the equinoctial line or Equator, and the 
same tune for the British and Irish Channels, for the Gulf of 
Mexico, and all parts of the West Indies; 40 days for the 
North Seas, for the Baltic, and for all parts of the Mediterranean ; 
60 days for the Atlantic Ocean South of the Equator, as far as 
the latitude of the Cape of Good Hope; 90 days for eveiy 
other part of the world south of the Equator; and 120 days for 
all other parts of the world without exception. 

BestoroHon of Prisoners of War on their payment of their Debts, 
Repayment of Advances for Subsistence of Prisoners, 

Abt. III. All prisoners of war taken on either side, as well 
by land as by sea, shall be restored as soon as practicable after 
the Ratifications of this Ti'eaty, as hereinafter mentioned, on 
their paying the Debts which they may have contracted during 
their captivity. The two Contracting Parties respectively engage 
to discharge in specie the advances which may have been made 
by the other for the sustenance and maintenance of such 
prisoners. 

Boundary: Islands in the Bay of Passamaquoddy {part of Bay of 
Fundy) and Island of Ghand Menan. Appointment of Commis- 
sioners to decide Claims thereto. Oath^ and Place of Meeting, 
Decision hy Declaration or Report^ final and conclusive,'* 

Art. IV. f Whereas it was stipulated, by the Ilnd Article 
in the Treaty of Peace of 1783, between His Britannic Majesty 
and The United States of America, that the Boundary of the 
United States should comprehend " All Islands within twenty 
leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying 
between lines to be drawn duo East from the points where tho 
aforesaid boundaries, between Nova Scotia on the one part, and 
East Florida on the other, shall respectively touch the Bay of 
Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such Islands as now are, 
or heretofore have been, within the limits of Nova Scotia : " And 

• The Commissioners were : — For Groat Britain, Mr. Thomas Barclay ; 
for the Unit^ States, Mr. John Holmes. They met first at St. Andrew's 
and afterwards at New York, at which latter place they drew up their Deci- 
sion on the 24th November, 1817. 

f See Treaty between Great Britain and United States of 3rd September, 
1783. Appendix. 

51 £ 2 



24 DeCi 1814.] GREAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [No. 6 

[Treaty of Ohent.] 

whereas the several Islands in the Bay of Fassamaqnoddy, which 
is part of the Bay of Fondy, and the Island of Grand Menan, in 
the said Bay of Fondy, are claimed by the United States as being 
comprehended within their aforesaid Bonndaries, which said 
Islands are claimed as belonging to His Britannic Majesty, as 
having been, at the time of and previous to the aforesaid Treaty 
of 1783, within the limits of the Province of Nova Scotia; in 
order, therefore, finally to decide upon these Claims, it is agreed 
that they shall be referred to two Commissioners, to be appointed 
in the following manner, viz.: — One Commissioner shall be 
appointed by His Britannic Majesty, and one by the President of 
the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate thereof; and the said two Commissioners so appointed, 
shall be sworn impartially to examine and decide upon the said 
Claims, according to such evidence as shall be laid before them 
on the part of His Britannic Majesty and of the United States 
respectively. The said Commissioners shall meet at St. Andrew's, 
in the Province of New Brunswick, and shall have power to 
adjourn to such other place or places as they shall think fit. 
The Bsdd Commissioners shall, by a Declaration or Report, under 
their hands and seals, decide to which of the two Contracting 
Parties the several Islands aforesaid do respectively belong, in 
conformity with the true intent of the said Treaty of Peace 
of 1783; and if the said Commissioners shall ag^ree in their 
Decision, both Parties shall consider such Decision as final and 
conclusive. 

Arbitration in case of Difference. 

It is further agreed, that in the event of the two Commis- 
sioners differing upon all or any of the matters so referred to 
them, or in the event of both or either of the said Commissioners 
refusmg or dedining, or wilfully omittmg to act as such, they 
shall make, jomtly or separately. Report or Reports, as well to 
the Oovemment of His Britannic Majesty as to that of the United 
States, stating in detail the points on which they differ, and the 
grounds upon which their respective opinions have been formed, 
or the grounds upon which they, or either of them, have so 
refused, declined, or omitted to act. And His Britannic Majesty 
and the Government of the United States, hereby agree, to refer 
the Report or Reports of the said Commissioners to some Friendly 
Sovereign or State, to be then named for that purpose, and who 

52 



Ho. 6] GEEAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [24 DeC, 1814. 

[Treaty of Ohent.] 

shall be requested to decide on the di£ferences which may be stated 
in the said Report or Reports, or upon the Report of one Com- 
nussioner, together with the grounds upon which the other Com- 
missioner shall have refused, declined, or omitted to act, as the 
case may be. And if the Commissioner so refusing, declining, or 
omitting to act, shall also wilfully omit to state the grounds upon 
which he has so done, in such manner that the said statement may 
be referred to such friendly Sovereign or State, together with the 
Report of such other Commissioner, then such Sovereign or 
State shall decide, ex parte, upon the said Report alone, and 
His Britannic Majesty and the Government of the United 
States engaged to consider the Decision of such friendly 
Sovereign or State, to be final and conclusive on all the matters 
80 referred. 

Boundary : Detennivation of Point of Highlands North of River 
St. Croix^ or North' West Angle of Nova Scotia, and North" 
Westemmofit Head of Connecticut River. Survey of Line from 
River St. Croix to Nova Scotia along Highlands to Connecticut 
River^ down River to Abth Degree, and Line West to River IrO" 
quois, or Cataraguy {St. Lawrence). 

Art. V. Whereas neither that point of the Highlands lying 
due North fn»m the source of the River St. Croix, designated in 
the former Treaty of Peace between the two Powers, as the 
north-west angle of Nova Scotia, nor the north-westenimost head 
of Connecticut River have yet been ascei'tained ; and whereas that 
part of the Boundary Ihie between the dominions of the two 
Powers, which extends from the source of the River St. Crobc, 
directly North to the above-mentioned north-west angle of Nova 
Scotia, thence along the said Ilighlands which divide those Rivers 
that empty themselves into the River St. Lawrence from those 
which fall into the Atlantic Ocean to the north- westernmost head 
of Connecticut River, thence down along the middle of that River 
to the 45th degree of north latitude, thence by a line due West on 
said latitude until it strikes the River Iroquois, or Cataraguy, has 
not yet been surveyed, it is agreed that for these several purposes 
two Commissioners shall be appointed, sworn, and authorised, to 
act exactly in the manner directed with respect to those mentioned 
in the next preceding Article, unless otherwise specified in the 
present Article. 

53 



24 Dec, ISli,] aSEAT BBITAIK AND UNITED STATES. [No. 6 

[Treaty of Glient.] 

Appointment of Commisaioners^ Oathy and Place of Meeting.^ 

The said Commissioners shall meet at St. Andrew's, in the 
province of New Brunswick, tmd shall have power to adjourn to 
Buch other place or places as they shall think fit. The said 
Commissioners shall have power to ascertain and determine 
the points above mentioned, in conformity with the provi- 
sions of the said Treaty of Peace of 1783 ;t and shall cause the 
Boundary aforesaid, from the source of the River St. Croix to the 
River Iroquois, or Cataraguy, to be surveyed and marked according 
to the said provisions ; the said Commissioners shall make a Map 
of the said boundary, and annex to it a Declaration under their 
hands and seals, certifying it to be the true Map of the said 
Boundary, and paiiicularising the latitude and longitude of the 
north-west angle of Nova Scotia, of the north-westernmost head 
of Connecticut River, and of such other points of the said Boun- 
dary as they may deem proper. 

Map and Declaration^ Final and Conclusive, 

And both parties agree to consider such Map and Declaration 
as finally and conclusively fixing the said Boundary. 

Arbitration in case of Difference, 

And in the event of the said two Commissioners differiug, 
or both, or either of them, refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting 
to act, such reports, declarations or statements shall be made 
by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly 
Sovereign or State shall be made in all respects, as in the latter 
part of the IVth Article is contained, and in as full a manner 
as if the same was herein repeated. 

* Tho Oommissionera were : — For Gbeat Britain, Mr. Thomas Barclay ; 
for the United States, Mr. John Holmes. Thej met first at St. Andrew's 
and afterwards at New York ; but as they were unable to agree upon the 
Boundary lino, a Convention was concluded on the 29th September, 1827, 
for regulating the reference of the disputed points to Arbitration. The 
King of the Netherlands was inyitod to accept the office of arbitrator, and 
he did so, and on the 10th January, 1831, he pronounced his Decision. It 
was not, however, accepted by the United States, as the Award did not 
profess to follow the submission, but recommended a conventional line ; 
and the Boundary line was finally settled by the Treaty of 9th August, 
1842. 

t See Treaty between Great Britain and United States of 8rd September, 
1783. Appendix. 

54 



Mo. 6] GBEAT BRITAIN AND UNITBD STATES. [24 Dec, 1814. 

[Treaty of Ghent.] 

Boundary: Water Line through Biver Iroquois {St. Laxvrence\ 
through Lakes Ontario^ Erie^ and Iluron^ to Lake Superior, 
Doubts as to Middle of Lakes and Islands therein. 

Abt. VI. Whereas by the fonn;.»r Treaty of Peace that portion 
of the Boundary of the United States from the point where the 
45th degree of north latitude strikes the River Iroquois, or Cata- 
raguy, to the Lake Superior, was declai-cd to be "along the 
middle of said River into Lake Ontano, through the middle of said 
Lake, until it strikes the communication by water between that 
Lake and Lake Erie, thence along the middle of said communica- 
tion into Lake Erie, through the middle of said Lake until it 
arrives at the water commimication into the Lake Huron, thcnco 
through the middle of said Lake to the water communication 
between that Lake and Lake Superior; " and whereas doubts have 
arisen what was the middle of the said River, Lakes, and wat^r 
communications, and whether certain Islands lying in the same 
were within the dominions of His Britannic Majesty or of the 
United States. 

Appointment of Commissioners, Oath^ and Place of Meeting.* 

In order, therefoi^, finally to decide these doubts, they shall 
be referred to two Commissioners, to be appointed, sworn, and 
authorised, to act exactly in the manner directed with respect to 
those mentioned in the next preceding Article, unless otherwise 
specified in tliis present Ai-ticle. The said Commissioners shall 
meet, in the first instance, at Albany, in the State of New York, 
and shall have power to adjourn to such other place or places as 
they shall think fit. 

Report or Declaration^ Final and Concltmvt, 

The said Commissioners shall, by a Report or Declaration, under 
their hands and seals, designate the Boundary through the said 
Rivers, Lakes, and water communications, and decide to which 
of the two Contracting Parties the several Islands lying within 
the said Rivers, Lakes, and water communications, do i-espcctively 
belong, in conformity with the true intent of the said Treaty of 

• The Commissioners wore : — For Great Britain, Mr. Anthony Barclay ; 
and for the Unit-ed Stat^, Mr. Peter B. Porter. They met first at Albany, 
and afterwardB at Utica, and they pronounced their Decision on the 18th 
June, 1822. 

55 



24 Dec, 1814.] GREAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [No. 6 

[Treaty of Ohent.] 

1783.* And both parties agree to consider such designation and 
Decision as final and conclusive. 

Arbitration in case of Difference, 
And in the event of the said two Conunissioners differing, or 
both, or either of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting to 
act, such Reports, Declarations, or Statements, shall be made by 
them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly Sove- 
reign or State shall be made in all respects, as in the latter 
part of the lYth Article is contained, and in as full a manner as 
if the same was herein repeated. 

Boundary ; Determination^ by Last Commissioners* of Water Line 
from Lake Huron and Lake Superior to the Lake of the 
Woods, and of Islands therein^ and Latitude and Longitude of 
North' West Point of Lake of the Woods. 

Art. VII. It is further agreed, that the said two last-men- 
tioned Commissioners, after they shall have executed the duties 
assigned to them in the preceding Article, shall be, and they are 
hereby authorised, upon their oaths, impartially to fix and deter- 
mine, according to the true intent of the said Treaty of Peace of 
1783,t that part of the boundary between the dominions of the 
two Powers, which extends from the water communication between 
Lake Huron and Lake Superior, to the most North- Western Point 
of the Lake of the Woods; to decide to which of the two 
Parties the several Islands lying in the Lakes, water communica- 
tions, and Rivers, forming the sdd Boundary, do respectively 
belong, ui conformity with the true intent of the said Treaty of 
Peace of 1783, and to cause such parts of said Boundary as 
require it, to be surveyed and marked. 

Report and Declaration^ Final and Conclusive, 

The said Commissioners shall, by a Report or Declaration, 
under their hands and seals, designate the Boundary aforesaid, 
state then* decision on the points thus referred to them, and 

* Tho CommiBBionen were : — For Great Britain, Mr. Anthony Barclay ; 
for the United States, Mr. Peter B. Porter. They met at New York, and 
on the 23rd October, 1826, they made their Report. They were unable, 
liowerer, to agree on certain points, and the line of Boundary was finally 
settled by the Treaty of 9th August, 1842. 

t See Treaty between Great Britain and United States of 8rd September, 
1783. Appendix. 

56 



No. 6] aHEAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [24 Dec, 1814. 

[Treaty of Ohent.] 

particularise the latitude and longitude of the most North- 
Western Point of the Lake of the Woods, and of such other 
parts of the said Boundary as they may deem proper, and both 
Parties agree to consider such designation and Decision as final 

and conclusive. 

Arbitration in case of Difference. 

And in the event of the said two Commissioners diffenug, or 
both or either of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting 
to act, such Reports, Declarations, or Statements shall be made 
by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly 
Sovereign or State shall be made in all respects as in the latter 
part of Article IV is contained, and in as full a manner as if 
the same was herein repeated. 

Boundary: Appointment of Secretary, Surveyor, and last Oow- 
missionera, Duplicates of Reports, Declarations, Statements, 
Decisions, Accounts, and Journals of Proceedings. Payments 
of Salaries and Expenses. Supply of Vacancies. 

Art. VIII, The several Boards of two Conmiissioners, men- 
tioned in the four preceding Articles, shall respectively have 
power to appoint a Secretary, and to employ such Surveyors or 
other persons as they shall judge necessary. Duplicates of all 
their respective Reports, Declarations, Statements, and Decisions, 
and of their Accounts, and of the Journal of their Proceedings, 
shall be delivered by them to the Agents of His Britannic 
Majesty, and to the Agents of the United States, who may be 
respectively appointed and authorised to manage the business on 
behalf of their respective Governments. The said Commissioners 
shall be respectively paid in such manner as shall be agreed 
between the two Contracting Parties, such agreement being to 
be settled at the time of the exchange of the Ratifications of 
this Treaty. And all other expenses attending the said Commis- 
sioners shall be defrayed equally by the Two Parties. And in case 
of death, sickness, resignation, or necessary absence, the place 
of every such Commissioner respectively shall be supplied in the 
Isame manner as such Commissioner was first appointed, and the 
new Commissioner shall take the same oath or affirmation, and do 
the same duties. 

Validity of Orant^ of Land in Isla/nds in question made hy Power 

in possession "before the War. 

It is further agreed- between the two Contracting Parties, 

67 



24 Deq., 1814.J GBEAT BBITAIN AND UNITEID STATES. [No. 6 

[Treaty of Ghent.] 

that in case any of the Islands mentioned in any of the precediug 
Articles, which were iu the possession of one of the parties 
prior to the commencement of the present War between the two 
Countries, should, by the decision of any of the Boards of Com- 
missiooers aforesaid, or of the Sovereign or State so referred to, 
as in the four next preceding Articles contained, fall within the 
dominions of the other party, all Grants of Land made previous 
to the commencement of the War by the party having had such 
possession, shall be as valid as if such Island or Islands had, by 
such decision or decisions, been adjudged to be within the 
dominions of the party having had such possession. 

Cessation of Hostilities with all the Tribes oi* Nations of Indians, 
Bestoration of their Possessions. Rights and Privileges as in 
1811, previous to the War, 

Art. IX. The United States of America engage to put an 
end, immediately after the Ratification of the present Treaty, to 
hostilities with all the Tribes or Nations of Indians with whom they 
may be at war at the time of such Ratification, and forthwith to 
restore to such Tribes or Nations respectively, all the possessions, 
rights, and privileges which they may have enjoyed or been 
entitled to in 1811, previous to such hostiUties. Provided always, 
that such Tribes or Nations shall agree to desist from all hostilities 
against the United States of America, their citizens and subjects, 
upon the ratification of the present Treaty being notified to such 
Tribes or Nations, and shall so desist accordingly. 

And His Britannic Majesty engages, on his part, to put an 
end, immediately after the ratification of the present Treaty, to 
hoBtllities witli all the Tribes or Nations of Indians with whom 
he may be at war at the time of such ratification, and forthwith 
to restore to such Tribes or Nations respectively, all the posses- 
sions, rights, and privileges which they may have enjoyed or 
been entitled to in 1811, previous to such hostilities. Provided 
always, that such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all 
hostilities against His Britannic Majesty and his subjects, upon 
the ratification of the present Treaty being notified to such Tribes 
or Nations, and shall so desist accordingly. 

OoniimMmee of efforts to promote entire extinction of the Slave 

Trade, 

Abt. X. Whereas the Traffic in Slaves is irreconcilable with 

68 



Mo. 6] OBEAT BBITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [24 DoC, 1814. 

[Treaty of Ghent.] 

tho principles of humanity and justice, and whei'eas both Ilis 
Majesty and the United States are desirous of continuing their 
efforts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby agreed that both 
the Contracting Parties phall use their best endeavours to accom- 
plish so desirable an object. 

BaUficati(yn8 mithout Alteration. 

Art. XI. This Treaty, when the same shall have been ratified 
on both sides, without alteration by either of the Contracting 
Parties, and the Ratifications Mutually exchanged, shall be binding 
on both parties, and the Ratificatious shall be exchanged at 
Washmgton, in the space of four months from this day, or sooner, 
if practicable. 

In faith whereof, we, the respective Plenipotentiaries, have 
signed this Treaty, and have thereunto affixed our seals. 

Done, in triplicate, at Ghent, the 24th day of December, 1814. 







(L.S.) 


GAMBIER. 






(L.S.) 


H. GOULBUilN. 






(L.S.) 


WM. ADAMS. 


(L.S.) 


JOHN QUINCEY ADAMS. 






(L.S.) 


J. A. BAYARD. 






(L.S.) 


H. CT.AY. 






(L.S.) 


JON. RUSSELL. 






(L.S.) 


ALBERT GALLATIN. 







59 



19 March, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 8 

[Preoedenoe.] 

No. B.— REGULATION of the Eight Powers, conceiving 
the Bank and Precedence of Diplomatic Agents, — Signed 
at Vienna, 19tli March, 1815. 

[This Regulation formed Annex XVII to tlia Vienna Conp:re88 

Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 
Abt. Tatjlt?. 

Preamble. 

1. Diyision of Diplomatic Characters. 

2. Represcutatiye Character. 

3. Special Missions. 

4. Diplomatic Precedence. Representatives of the Pope. 
6. Form for Reception of Diplomatic Agents. 

6. Diplomatic Agents of Courts Allied bj Family or other Ties. 

7. Alternation of Signatures in Acts or Treaties. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamble, 
In order to prevent in future the inconvenienoes which hare 
frequently occurred, and which may still occur, from the claims 
of Precedence among the different Diplomatic Characters, the 
Plenipotentiaries of the Powers who signed the Treaty of Paris 
(No. 1) have agreed on the following Articles, and think it their 
duty to invite those of the other Crowned Heads to adopt the 
same regulations. 

Division of Diplomatic Characters. 

Art. I. Diplomatic Characters are divide^! into Three classes. 

That of Ambassadors, Legates, or Nuncios. 

That of Envoys, Ministers, or other persons accredited to 

Sovereigns. 

That of Charge d'^Vffaires, accredited only to the Ministers for 

Foreign Affairs. 

Representative Character, 

Art. II. Ambassadors, Legates, or Nuncios only shall have a 
Representative character. 

Spt cmI Mi'ssio n s. 

Art. III. Diplomatic characters chaiged with any Special 

Mission shall not on that account assume any superiority of 

Rank. 

Diplomatic Precedence, 

Art. IV. Diplomatic characters shall rank in their respective 

classes, according to the date of the official notification of thoir 

arrival. 

** For French version, see " State Papers," rol. ii, p. 179. 

62 



Ho. 8] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. 

[Precedence.] 



[19 March, 1813. 



Representatives of the Pope, 

Tho present Regulation shall not occasion any change respect- 
ing the Representatives of the Pope. 

jFbrm for Reception of Diplomatic Agents. 
Art. V. There shall be a regular form adopted by each State 
for the reception of Diplomatic Characters of every Class. 

Diplomatic Agents of Courts Allied hy Family or other Ties, 
Art. VI. Ties of consanguinity or family alliances between 

Courts confer no Rank on their Diplomatic Agents. The same 

rule also applies to political alliances. 

Alternation of Signatures in Acts or Treaties. 

Art. VII. In Acts or Treaties between several Powers that 
admit the altemity, the order which is to be observed in the sig- 
natures of Ministers shall be decided by ballot. 

The present regulation is inserted in tho Protocol of the 
Plenipotentiaries of the eight Powers who signed the Treaty of 
Paris, at their sitting of the 19th March, 1815. 

(The signatures follow in the Alphabetical order of the 
Courts.) 



Austria. 

Spain (Espagne). 
France. 



Great Brftain. 

Portugal. 

Prussia. 
Russia. 

SwEDEH. 



(L.S.) The PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) The BARON DE WESSENBERG. 

(L.S.) P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. 

(L.S.) Tlie PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

(L.S.) The DUKE D'ALBERG. 

(L.S.) LATOUR DU PIN. 

(L.S.) COUNT ALEXIS DE NOAILLES. 

(L.S.) CLANCARTY. 

(L.S.) CATHCART. 

(L.S.) STEWART, Lt.-Gen. 

(L.S.) The COUNT PALMELLA. 

(L.S.) SALDANHii. 

(L.S.) LOBO. 

(L.S.) PRINCE IIARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) BARON HUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) COUNT RASOUMOFFSKY. 

L.S.) CH)UNT STACKELBERG. 

L.S.) COUNT NESSELRODE. 

(L.S.) LOWENIIIELM. 



i 



See Protocol of 5 Powers of Slst Noromber, 1818, respecting Ministers 
Besident. 

0)3 



20 March, 1816.] GRBAT BEITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 9 

[Switaerland.] 



No. 9.- DECLARATION of the 8 Powers, on the Affairs 
of the Helvetic Confederacy. Signed at Vienna, 20ih 
March, 1815. 

[This Declaration formed Annex XIa to' the Vienna Congress 

Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. Independence and NeutraUiy of Smtterland, (ValUe dee 
Dappee,) 

1. Integrity of the 19 Cantons. 

2. Union of 8 new Cantons; ValaU, Geneva, Neufchatel, {VaUSe dee 

Dappee,) 

8. Union of Bishopric of Saele, and Town and Territory of JBienne, with 
Canton of Seme, 

4h Bights of Inhabitants of Countries united with Canton of Beme, Collec- 
tion of Ordinary Beyenues. Indemnity to the Prince Bishop of 
Baele, Betention of Bishopric of Baele, Proportion to be paid by 
Canton of Beme to Biflhopric of Baele, 

6. Commercial and Military communications of the Town of Geneva with the 
Canton of Vand, Vereoy Road, Passage of Troops. Free Commu- 
nication between the Town of Geneva and the Jurisdiction of Penejf, 
Accession of Territory for the Town of Geneva, 

6. Mutual Compensations by Cantons of Argwia^ Vaud, Teeein, and St, Gall 

to Cantons of Schweiiz, Unierwald, Uri, Gtarie, Zuff, and Appenzell, 

7. Disposal of Funds placed in England by the Cantons of Zwrich and 

Beme, 

8. Indemnity to Proprietors of **LaudeP 

9. Pensions to Prince Abbot of 8t, Gall, and others. Accession to Federal 

Union. Amnesty. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamble. 

Ths Powers called upon to mediate in the arrangement of the 
affairs of Switzerland, in order to carry into effect Article VI of 
the Treaty of Paris of the 80th May, 1814 (No. 1), having ac- 
knowledged that the general interest demands that the Helvetic 
States should enjoy the benefit of a perpetual Neutrality ; and 
wishing, by territorial restitutions and cessions, to enable it to 
secure its Independence and maintain its Neutrality ; 

After having obtained every information relative to the inte- 
rests of the different Cantons, and taken into consideration the 
claims submitted to them by the Helvetic Legation ; 

• For Fkvnch yersioDi see " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 142. 

64 



i 
I 



No. 9] GREAT BBITAIN, AUSTBU, &c. [20 March, 1815. 

[Switserland.] 

Perpetual Neutrality. 
Declare, 

That as soon as the Helvetic Diet shall have duly and formally 
acceded to the stipulations contsdned in the present Instrument, an 
Act shall be prepared, containing the acknowledgment and the 
guarantee, on the part of all the Powers, of the perpetual Neu- 
trality of Switzerland, in her new frontiers ; which Act shall form 
part of that which, in the execution of Article XXXII of the 
Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, was to complete the arrange- 
ments contained in that Ti'eaty.* 

Integrity of the 19 Cantons of Switzerland.^ 

Art. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art LXXIV.) 

Switzerland. Union of Three new Cantons {The Valaisy Geneva^ 

NeufchateH). Vallee des Dappes.^ 

Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
ArtLXXV.) 

Switzerland^ Union of Bishopric ofBasU^ and Town and Territory 

ofBienne^ with Canton of Berne. 

Art. III. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art LXXVL) 

Switzerland, Eights of Inhabitants of Countries united with Canton 

of Berne. 

Art. rV. (1, 2, 8, Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 
27) as Art. LXXVIL) 

* See Act of the 6 Powers of 20th NoTomber, 1816. 
Zurich. Unterwald. Basle. Argoyia. 

Berne. Glaris. Schaffhauscn. ThurgoTia. 

Lucerne. Zug. Appenzell. Tessin. 

Uri. Friburg. St. Gall. Yaud. 

Sehweits. Soleure. Chisons. 

{ The King of Prutoia renounced his SoToreign Bights over the Princi- 
palitj of Neufchatel and the County of Yalengin, by the Treaty between 
Cbeat Britam, Austria, France, Prussia, Bussia, and Switzerland, of 26th 
May, 1857, by which Treaty it was also declared that the Principality should 
continue to form part of the Swiss Confederation, in conformity with Art. 
LXXV of the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

§ See Treaty between France and Switzerland of 8th December, 1862. 

65 F 



20 March, 1816.] aUBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 9 

[SwitserlAxid.] 

Collection of Ordinary Revenues. 
4. The ordinary revenues of the country shall be collected on 
account of the present Administration, until the date of the acces- 
sion of the Diet to the present transaction. The arrears of the 
said revenues shall be collected in like manner, but the extraordi- 
nary taxes, which have not yet been paid into the public chest, 
shall not be demanded. 

Indemnity to the Prince Bishop of Basle. 

6. No indemnity having been received by the Prince Bishop 
of Basle, for the quota of the revenues accruing to him from the 
Bishopric which hitherto formed a part of Switzerland, and a sti- 
pulation having been made in the Reck of the German Empire of 
1803,* in favour of those countries only which have become an 
integral part of the said Empire^ the cantons of Berne and Basle 
are to pay to him, in addition to the said annuity, the sum of 
12,000 florins of the Empire, dating from the union of the Bishop- 
ric of Basle to the Cantons of Berne and Basle ; the fifth part of 
this sum shall be applied to, and remain as a provision for, the 
support of the canons of the ancient cathedral of Basle, in order 
to make up the annuity which has been settled by the Recks of 
the German Empire. 

Retention of Bishopnc of Basle. 
The Helvetic Diet shall determine whether it be expedient to 
retain a Bishopric in this part of Switzerland, or whether this 
diocese may not be united to that which, pursuant to the new 
arrangements, shall be formed out of the Swiss territory which 
belonged to the diocese of Constance. 

Proportion to be paid by Canton of Berne to Bishopric of Basle. 
In case the Bishopric of Basle should be continued, the Canton 
of Berne shall furnish, in the same proportion as the other 
countries which shall in future be placed under the spiritual 
administration of the Bishop, such a sum as may be necessary for 
the support of this prelate, of his chapter, and of his seminary. 

Sivitzerland. Commeixial and Military Communications between 

Town of Geneva and Canton of Vaud. Passage of Troojps, 

Versoy Road. 

Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 

Art. LXXIX.) 

* See Appendix. 

66 



No. 9] OREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [20 March, 1816. 

[Switserland.] 

Free Ccmmunication between the Town of Geneva and the JuriS" 

diction of Peney, 

In the Additional Regnlations* to be made on this subject, the 
execution of the Treaties relative to the free Communication 
between the Town of Geneva and the Jurisdiction of Peney, shall 
be guaranteed in a manner the most suitable to the interests of 
the inhabitants of Geneva. His Most Christian Majesty consents 
likewise, that the gendarmerie and militia of Geneva, after having 
communicated on the subject with the nearest military post of the 
French gendarmerie, shall pass on the high road of Meyrin, in the 
said jurisdiction, to and from the town of Greneva. 

Accession of Territory for the Town of Geneva, 

The Contracting Powers shall, moreover, interpose their good 
offices for the purpose of obtaining for the Town of Gteneva a 
suitable accession of territory on the side of Savoy. 

Stntzerland, Mutual Compensations hy Cantons of Argovia, Vaud^ 
Tessiny and St. Gall to Cantons of Schweitz^ Untencald, Un\ 
GlariSy Zug^ and Appemell, 

Akt. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXI.) 

A Commission appointed by the Diet shall superintend tlio 
execution of the preceding arrangements. 

Switzerland. Disposal of Funds placed in England by Cantons of 

Zurich and Berne. 

Akt. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXII.) 

Switzerland. Indemnity to Proprietors of " Lauds'^ 
Art. VIII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. LXXXIII.) 

Pensions to Prince Abbot of St. Gall and others. 

Akt. IX. The Mediating Powera, acknowledging the justice 

of securing to the Prince Abbot of St. Gall an honourable and 

independent existence, direct, that the Canton of St. Gall shall 

pay to him an annuity of r>,000 florins of the Empire, and to those 

• Annex (B B) to Treaty of 20th May, 1815. 



20 March, I8I5.] OREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 9 

[Switaerland.] 

under him, an annuity of 2,000. These pensions shall be paid by 
instalments (commencing from the 1st of January, 1815) into the 
hands of the directing canton, every three months, which shall 
place them at the disposal of the Prince Abbot of St. Gall, and of 
those under him lespectively. 

The Powers mediating in the affairs of Switzerland, by the 
above Declaration, afford a manifest proof of their desire to 
secure the internal tranquillity of the Confederation. They also 
feel it a duty to omit nothing which may accelerate its accom- 
plishment. 

Accession to Federal Union. 

They expect, therefore, that the Cantons, laying aside, for the 
public good, every secondary consideration, will no longer delay 
their Accession to the Federal Union, fi-eely consented to by a 
great majority of the Swiss States ; the common interest impe- 
riously demanding that every part of Switzerland should unite, 
as soon as possible, under the same Federative Constitution. 

The Convention of the 16th August, 1814,* annexed to the 
Act of the Federal Union, can no longer "be an obstacle to their 
union. Its end being already attained by the Declaration of the 
Powers, it is in fact annulled. 

Amnesti/. 

To insure still further the repose of Switzerland, the Powers 
desire that a general Amnesty be granted to all individuals who, 
led astray at a period of uncertainty and irritation, might have 
acted in some respect or other contrary to the present order of 
things. Far from weakening the legitimate authority of Go- 
vernments, this act of clemency will afford them a new claim to 
exercise that salutary severity against whoever shall attempt in 
future to excite disturbance m the country. 

Finally, the mediating Powers trust, that the patriotism and 
the good sense of the Swiss people will point out to them the 
propriety, as well as the necessity, of mutuaUy obliterating the 
remembrance of those differences which have divided them, and 
of consolidating the work of their reorganisation by endeavouring 
to perfect it, in a spirit conducive to the public good, without any 
recollection of the past. 

The present Declaration has been inserted in the Protocol of 
the Congress assembled at Vienna, at its sitting of the 19th 
March, 1815. 

* Annulled. 
68 



No. 9] 



GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [20 Marcb, 1815. 
[Switserland.] 



Done and certified by the Plenipotentiaries of the Eight 
Powers who signed the Treaty of Paris (No. 1). 
Vienna, 20th March, 1815. 

Austria. (L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE WESSENBERG. 

Spain (Espagne). (L.S.) P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. 

France. (L.S.) LE PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

(L.S.) LE DUO DE D'ALBERG. 
(L.S.) LATOUR DGPIN. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE ALEXIS DE NOAILLES. 

Great Britain. (L.S.) WELLINGTON. 

(L.S.) CLANCARTY. 
(L.S.) CATHCART. 
(L.S.) STEWART. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE PALMELLA. 
(L.S.) SALDANHA. 
(L.S.) LOBO. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE RASOUMOFFSKY. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STACKELBERG. 
(L.S.) NESSELRODE. 

Sweden. (L.S.) LOWENIIIELM. 



Portugal. 



Prussia. 



Russia. 



The Act of Accession of the Swiss Confederation to the above 
Declaration, signed at Zurich on the 27tli May, 1815, formed 
Annex XIb to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

An Act was also signed by the Protecting Powers (Great 
Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia), for the acknowledg- 
ment of the perpetual Neutrality of Switzerland, at Paris, on the 
20th November, 1815, and the Inviolability of its Territory. 



69 



29 March, 1816.] GBBAT BBITAIK, AUSTBIA &c. Of 0. 10 

[Oen«va.] 



No. 10.— PROTOCOL of Conference betwee^i the Plenijyo- 
tentiaries of the S Powers, on the Cessions made by the 
King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva* Signed at 
Vienna^ 29^1 March, 1815. 

[This Protocol formed Annex XII to the Vienna Congress Treaty 

of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Presmble. 

1. CesBion of part of iSavoy. 

2. Communication between Geneva and the VaUiia, Himplon and Vereotf 

Boade. Passage of Troops. 
8. Maintenance and Protection of Catholic Beligion. 
4. Deliyerj of Title Deeds of Landed Property, &c. 
6. Treaty of 3rd Jmie, 1754, Confirmed ; Article XIII annulled. 
6. Conyeyance of Articles of Consumption for the Canton of C^enetxi, 

(Translation as laid before Parliament*) 

Preamble. 

The Allied Powers having expressed their earnest desire that 
certain facilities should be granted to the Canton of Greneva, either 
for connecting a disjointed part of its possessions, or for opening 
its Communications with Switzerland ; 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia being anxious on his part, 
to evince to his high and powerful allies, the great satisfaction 
which he experiences in renderuig them any service in his power, 
the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have agreed to what follows ; 

Cession of Part of Savoy. Simplon Road,^ 

Abt. I. His Majesty the King of Sardinia places at the dis- 
posal of the High Allied Powers that part of Savoy which is 
situated between the river Arve, the Rhone, the limits of that 
part of Savoy occupied by Prance, and Mount Salfeve, as far as 
Veiry inclusive, together with that part which lies between the 
high road called the Simplon, the Lake of (Geneva, and the present 
territory of the Canton of Geneva, from Venezas to the point 
where the River Hermance crosses the said road, and from 
thence, following the course of that River, to where it entera the 

• For French version, sec " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 149. 
t See Protocol of 4 Powers of 8rd November, 1816, Art. V. 

70 



No. 10] 0BSAT BBITAIK, AUSTSU, Ac. [29 Maroh, 1816. 

[Oeneva.] 

Lake of Geneva, to the east of the Village of Hermance (the 
whole of the road of the Sunplon continuing to be possessed by 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia) in order that these countries 
may be united to the Canton of Geneva ; with the reservation, 
however, of determining more precisely, by Commissioners respec- 
tively appointed, their limits, particularly of that part which relates 
to the demarcation above Veiry and on Mount Sal^ve.* His 
Majesty renounces for himself and his successors in perpetuity, 
all rights of Sovereignty, and other rights which may have 
belonged to him over all the places and territories comprised in 
this line, without exception or reservation. 

Communication between Geneva and the Valais, Simplon and 

Versoy Roads, 

Abt. II. His Majesty agrees, that the communication between 

the Canton of Geneva and the Valais, by the road of the Simplon, 

shall be established, in the same manner as it has been agreed to 

by France, between Geneva and the Canton of Vaud, by the 

route of Versoy. 

Passage of Troops. 

A free communication shall also be at all times granted for 

the Genevese troops, between the territory of Geneva and the 

jurisdiction of Jussy, and such facilities shall be allowed as may 

be necessaiy for proceeding by the lake to the road of the 

Simplon. 

Maintenance and Protection of Catholic Religion. 

Art. III. On the other hand, His Majesty feeling reluctant to 
^ving his consent to a part of his territory being united to a 
State, whose prevailing religion is different, without securing to 
the inhabitants of the country which he cedes, the enjoyment of 
the free exercise of their religion, and the means of keeping up 
their religious establishments, with the full enjoyment of all the 
rights of citizens ; 

It is agreed that, 

1. The Catholic religion shall be maintained and protected, in 
the same manner as at present, in all those communes ceded by 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia, which are to be united to the 
Canton of Geneva. 

2. Those parishes which are neither dismembered nor divided 
by the line of the new frontiers, shall retain their present extension, 

* Treaty between Sardinia and Switzerland of 16th March, 1816. 

71 



29 Marcbi 1815.] GRBAT BRITAIN, AUSTBU, &c. [Mo. 10 

[Qeneva.] 

and shall be served by the same number of clergymen ; and with 
regard to the parts dismembered, which may not be sufficiently 
large to constitute a parish, application shall be made to the 
Bishop of the diocese, in order to obtain their annexation to some 
other parish of the Canton of Geneva. 

8. If the number of Protestants inhabiting the communes 
ceded by His Majesty should be less than that of the Catholics, 
the schoolmasters residing in those communes shall always be 
Catholics. No Protestant church shall be established, excepting 
in the town of Carrouge, which shall have one. 

Two-thirds of the municipal officers shall be Catholics, and of 
the three individuals who fill the offices of mayor and his two 
assistants, two of them shall always be Catholics. 

In case it should happen that an equal number of Protes- 
tants and Catholics should reside in the same commune, the 
municipal body shall be composed of an equal number of Pro- 
testants and Catholics, and they shall fill the office of mayor 
alternately; in this case, however, there must always be a 
Catholic schoolmaster, even where a Protestant one is already 
established. 

It is not intended by this Article to prevent Protestants 
residing in a commune inhabited by Catholics, from erecting at 
their own expense a private chapel, for the exercise of their 
religion, if they desire it, or from having, also at their own ex- 
pense, a Protestant schoolmaster for the private instruction of 
their children. 

4. The funds, revenues, and the administration of religious 
and charitable institutions, shall remain untouched, and private 
individuals shall not be prevented from erecting new ones. 

5. The Government shall make the same provision as the 
present Government for the support of the Clergy, and Places of 
Worship. 

6. The Catholic church, now established at Geneva, shall be 
maintained, as at present, at the expense of the State, as the 
laws of the Constitution of Geneva have already deceed that 
a suitable establishment and provision shall be made for the 
officiating clergyman. 

7. The Catholic communes and the parish of Geneva shall 
continue to form part of the diocese which is to govern the pro- 
vinces of Chablais and Faucigny ; unless it should be otherwise 
regulated by the authority of the Holy See. 

72 



No. 10] aR£AT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [29 Marcb, 1815. 

[Qenera.] 

8. The Biuhop shall not, under an}' circiimstanoes, be dis- 
tarbed in his pastoral visits. 

9. The inhabitants of a ceded country shall be placed entirely 
upon the same footing in point of civil and political rights, with 
the Genevese of the city ; they shall exercise these rights con- 
jointly with them, excepting, however, the rights of property, of 
dtizenship, or of communes. 

10. Catholic children shall be received into the public school**. 
They shall not be instructed in religion with the Protestants, but 
separately; and persons of the Catholic communion shall be 
appointed for this purpose. 

11. The communal property belonging to the new commimes, 
shall be preserved to them, and they shall continue to administer 
them as hitherto, and to apply the revenues to their use. 

12. The new communes shall not be liable to greater taxes 
than the old communes. 

13. His Majesty the King of Sardinia reserves to himself the 
right of making known to the Helvetic Diet, and to support by 
means of his Diplomatic Agents accredited to it, every claim to 
which the non-fulfilment of the above Articles might give rise. 

Delivery of Title Deeds of Landed Property^ ^c. 

Art. IV. All title deeds of landed property', and documents 
concerning ceded effects, shall be given up by His Majesty the 
King of Sardinia, to the Canton of Geneva, as soon as possible. 

Treaty ofZrd June^ 1754, Confinned; Article XIII annulled. 

Art. V. The Treaty concluded at Turin, on the 3rd of June, 
1754,* between His Majesty the King of Sardinia and the Republic 
of Geneva, is hereby confinned, with regard to all those Articles 
which are not at variance with the present transaction ; but His 
Majesty, wishing to give the Canton of Geneva a particular mark 
of his favour, consents nevertheless to annul that part of 
Article XIII of the above Treaty, which denied to the citizens of 
Geneva, who since that time have had establishments and pro- 
perty in Savoy, the privilege of making it their pnncipal resi- 
dence. 

Conveyance of Articles of Consumption for the Canton of Geneva, 
Art. VI. His Majesty consents, from the same motives, to 

* See Appendix. 
78 



29 Marob, 1815.] GBBAT BRITADr, AUSTRIA, &c. 

[Oeneva.] 



[No. 10 



make arrangements with the Canton of Geneva, for facilitating 
the conveyance from his states of articles intended for the con- 
sumption of the Town and Canton. 
Vienna, 29th March, 1815. 



Sardinia. (L.S.) 

AUSTBIA. 

EsPAGNK (Spain). 
France. 



De ST. MARSAN. 
(L.S.) Le PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 



Great Britain. 



Portugal. 



Prussia. 



Russia. 



Sweden. 



(L.S.) Le BARON DE WESSENBERG. 

(L.S.) P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. 

(L.S.) Le PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

(L.S.) Le DUC DE D'ALBERG. 

(L.S.) Le CTE. ALEXIS DE NOAILLES. 

(L.S.) CLANCARTY. 

(L.S.) CATHCART. 

(L.S.) STEWART, Lieut-General. 

(L.S.) Le CTE. DE PALMELLA. 

(L.S.) A. DE SALDANHA DA GAMA. 

(L.S.) LOBO DA SILVEIRA. 

(L.S.) Le PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) Le BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) Le CTE. DE RASODMOFFSKY. 

(L.S.) Le CTE. DE STACKELBERG. 

(L.S.) Le CTE. DE NESSELRODE. 

(L.S.) Le CTE. DE LOWENHIELM. 



■B 



74 



No. U] GKEAT BRITAIN, AUSTBIA, &c. [March, 1816. 

[KaTlgation of Biven,] 



No. XL— REGULATIONS for tlie Free Navigation of 

Rivers. Viennay March, 1815. 



[Theso RegulatioDs formed Annex XVI to the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27, and were embodied in 
that Treaty as Articles CVIII to CXVI.] 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Rivera whicli, in 
their navigable course, separate or cross different States. 

Abt. Table. 

1. Gkneral Arrangements. 

2. Principles. Liberty of Narigation. 

8. Uniformity of System. Duties. Police. 

4. Tariff. 

6. Offices for the Collection of Duties. 

6. Towing-paths. 

7. Harbour Duties. 

8. Custom Houses. 

9. Regulation. 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Rhine, 

1. Free Navigation. 

2. Duties. 
8. TarifP. 

4. Tariff not to be augmented, except by Mutual Consent. 
6. Offices for collection of Duties. 

6. Collection and Division of Duties. 

7. Towing-paths, &c. 

8. Courts of Justice. 

9. Appeals to Higher Tribunals. 

10. Central Conmiission of Control. 

11. Formation of Central Commission of Control. 

12. Inspectors. 

18. Choice of Chief Inspector. 

14 Appointment of Inspectors for Life. Pensions and Trial by Court of 
Justice. 

15. Duties of Chief Inspector. 

16. Beports to be made by Inspectors. 

17. Decisions of Central Commissions. 

18. Salary of Inspectors. 

19. Suppression of Staple Duties. 

20. Police. 

21. Companies or Boatmen not to ei^oy any exdusire Rights. 

22. Custom Houses not to interfere with Navigation Duties. 

75 



March, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 11 

[KaYlgation of Bivers.] 

Abt. Table (continued), 

23. CuBtom House Boats and Flags. 

24. Duties on Narigation not to be fanned out. 

25. No exemption or abatement of Duties admitted. 

26. Neutrality in the eyent of War. 

27. Definitiye Detailed Regulations to be framed. 

28. Payment of permanent Rents in Duties. 

29. Pensions of Officers and Relief to Widows and Orphans. Payments by 

IhMnce. 

80. Pensions to Receirers of Duties. 

81. Formation of Central Commission. 

82. Duties of Central Commission. 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Keeker j the Mayne^ the 

MoselUf the Meuse^ and the Scheldt. 

1. Freedom of Nayigation. 

2. Storehouse and Harbour Duties on the Neeker and JfayjM abolished. 
8. Duties on the Necker and Maynt, 

4. Duties on the Moselle and Meuse. New Regulations to be framed. 
6. Repair of Towing Paths. 

6. Rights of Nayigation on the Shine, and on the Neeker^ Motelle^ and 

Meuee, by subjects of either State. 

7. Further Regulation of the Nayigation of the Scheldt, 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 
General Arrangements. 

Art. I. The Powers whose States are separated or traversed 
by the same navigable River, engage to regulate, by common 
consent, all that regards its Navigation. For this purpose they 
will name Commissioners, who shall assemble, at latest within 
six months after the termination of Congress, and who shall 
adopt, as the bases of their proceedings, the following princi- 
plesf : — 

Principles. — Liberty of Navigation. 

Abt. II. The Navigation of the Rivers, along their whole course, 
referred to in the preceding Article, from the point where each of 
them becomes navigable, to its mouth, shall be entirely free, and 
shall not, in respect to Commerce, be prohibited to any one ; it 
being, however, understood, that the Regulations established 
with regard to the Police of this Navigation, shall be respected ; 
as they will be framed alike for all, and as favourable as possible 
to the Commerce of all Nations. 

* For French yersion, see '^ State Papers," yoL ii, p. 162. 
t See Regnlationf of 81st March, 1881. 

76 



\ 

\ 



No. 11] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [March, 1815. 

[Navigation of Bivers.] 

Uniformity of System. Duties. Police. 

Art. III. The system that shall be established, both for the 
collection of the Duties and for the maintenance of the Police, 
shall be, as nearly as possible, the same along the whole coarse 
of the River; and shall also extend, unless particular circum- 
stances prevent it, to those of its Branches and Junctions, which, 
in their navigable course, separate or traverse different States. 

Tariff. 

Art. IV. The Duties on Navigation shall be regulated in an uni- 
form and settled manner, and with as little reference as possible 
to the different quality of the merchandise, in order that a minute 
examination of the cargo may be rendered unnecessary, except 
with a view to prevent fraud and evasion. The amount of the 
Duties, which shall in no case exceed those now paid, shall be 
determined by local circumstances, which scaix^ely allow of a 
general rule in this respect. The Tariff shall, however, be pre- 
pared in such manner as to encourage Commerce by facilitating 
Navigation, for which purpose the Duties established upon the 
Rhine, and now in force on that River, may serve as an approxi- 
mating rule for its construction. 

The Tariff once settled, no increase shall take place therein, 
except by the common consent of the States bordering on the 
Rivers; nor shall the Navigation be burthened with any other 
Duties than those fixed in the Regulation. 

Offices for the Collection of Duties. 

Art. V. The oflBces for the collection of Duties, the number of 
which shall be reduced as much as possible, shall be settled in 
the above Regulation ; and no change shall afterwards be mado 
but by common consent, unless any of the States bordering on 
Rivers should wish to diminish tlie number of those which exclu- 
sively belong thereto. 

Towing-paths. 

Art. VI. Each State bordering on the Rivers shall be at the 
expense of keeping in good repair the Towing-paths which pass 
through its territory, and of maintaining the necessary works 
through the same extent in the bed of the River, in order that no 
obstacle may be experienced in the Navigation. 

The intended Regulation shall determine the maimer iu which 

77 



March, 1815.] OBKAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 11 

[NaTlffatiOB of Bivan — Bhine.] 

the States bordering on Rivers are to participate in these latter 
works, where the opposite Banks belong to different Govern- 
ments. 

Harbour Duties. 

Art. VII There shall nowhere be established Storehonse, 
Port or Forced Harbour Duties : those already existing shall be 
preserved for such time only as the States bordering on the Rivers 
(without regard to the local interest of the place or the country 
where they are established) shall find thorn necessary or useful to 
Navigation and Commerce in general 

Custom Houses, 

Art. VIII. Tlie Custom Houses belonging to the gtates border- 
ing on Rivers shall not interfere in the Duties of Navigation. 
Regulations shall be estabhshed to prevent officers of the Customs, 
in the exercise of their functions, throwing ol>stacles in the way 
of the Navigation ; but care shall be taken, by means of a strict 
Police, on tlie Bank, to preclude every attempt of the inhabitants 
to smuggle goods, through the medium of lM>atmen. 

Eegulatioti. 

Art. IX. Everything expressed in the pi-eceding Articles shall 
be settled by a general arrangement, in which there shall also 
be comprised whatever may need any ulterior determination. 

The arrangement once settled, shall not be changed, but by 
and with the consent of all the States bordering on Rivers, and 
they shall take care to provide for its execution, with due regard 
to circumstances and locality. 

D'ALBERG. 
CLANCARTY. 
HUMBOLDT. 
A^T^SSENBERG. 

Navigation of the Rhine. 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Rhine, 

Free Navigation, 

Art. I. The Navigation of the Rhine, along its whole course, 
from the \xnut where it becx)mos navigsible to the sea, either in 
ascending or descending, shall l»e entin»ly free, and shall not, in 
n^sptK't to Conmieroe, be prohibited to any one : due roganl, how- 
ever, l)eing had to the regulations established with respect to its 

78 



No. 11] QBBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [Maroh, 1815. 

[NaviffatiOB of Bivers — Bhlna.] 

police, which shall be framed alike for all, and as favourable as 
possible to the commerce of all nations. 

Duties. 

AsT. II. The system to be adopted for the Collection of the 

Duties, as well as for the maintenance of the Police, shall be the 

same along the whole course of the River, and shall extend, as 

far as circumstances may permit, to those of its Branches and 

Junctions which, in their navigable course, separate or traverse 

different States. 

Tariff. 

Akt. hi. The Tariff of Duties to be levied on merchandise con- 
veyed along the Rhine shall be so regulated that the whole 
amount of duty to be paid between Strasburg and the frontier of 
the Engdom of the Netherlands, shall be, in passing up the River 
two francs, and in passing down the River one franc and 83 
centimes, per hundred- weight ; and that the levying of this Tariff 
shall be extended (increasing the amount of duty in the same 
proportion ) to the distances between Strasburg and Basle, and 
between the frontier of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the 
mouths of that River. 

The duty of reconnaissance shall remain as fixed by Article 
XCIV of the Convention, relative to Duties on the Navigation of 
the Rhine concluded at Paris the 15th of August, 1804 ;* with 
the reservation, however, of making such other alteration in the 
scale of duties, as that boats from 2,500 to 5,000 quintals, shall 
be included therein. But this duty shall also extend, in the same 
proportion, to the above-mentioned distances. 

The abatements of the general Tariff, which established the 
maximum of Duties fixed by Articles CI I — CV of the Conven- 
tion of the 15th August 1804, shall remain in force ; but the 
Commission to be charged with settling the new Regulations 
shall consider whether their distribution into different classes will 
not require alterations still more favourable, as well to naviga- 
tion and commerce, as to agriculture and the wants of the 
inhabitants of the States of the Rhine. 

Tariff not to be augmented except by Mutual Consent, 

Art. IV. The Tariff thus settled shall not bo augmented but 
by mutual consent, and the Governments on the Rhine, adopting 

* See Appendix. 
79 



March, 1815 J aSEAT BBITAIN, AUSTBU, &c. [No. 11 

[Navigation of Biven— Bhine.] 

for a principle, that their true interest conKlsts in encouraging 
the Commerce of their States, and that the Duties on Navigation 
should chiefly be appropriated to defraying the expenses of its 
preservation, formally engage not to increase the same but for 
the most just and urgent reasons, nor to impose any other Duties 
whatever on navigation, in addition to those fixed by the present 
Regulations, under any denomination or pretext whatsoever. 

Offices for Collection of Duties. 

Art. v. There shall be only twelve OfiSces for the collection 
of Duties, throughout the whole extent of the Rhine between 
Strasburg and the frontier of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ; 
and those which it may be expedient to establish between Stras- 
burg and Basle shall be fixed, according to the same principles, 
and at proportionate distances. The Offices shall be placed in 
the most convenient manner for navigation, and their number 
shall be settled by common consent. Each State bordering on 
the River shall, however, be allowed to diminish the number 
exclusively assigned to it by the existing arrangement. 

Collection and Division of Duties. 

Abt. YI. The Duty shall be collected, in each State bordering 
on the River, on its own account and by its own Collectors ; the 
whole of the Duties being distributed in proportion to the extent 
of the respective possessions of the different States on the bank. 
The Collectors shall make oath to observe strictly, the Regulation 
definitively agreed upon. If the same Office is employed by two 
or more States, the proceeds shall be divided between them 
according to the extent of their respective possessions on the 
bank ; this rule shall apply also in case the opposite banks should 
belong to two different States. Every thing relatmg to the esta- 
blishment of the Offices, to the mode of collecting, and of verifying 
the payment of the Duties, shall be settled in an uniform manner 
by the definitive Regulation, and shall not be changed but by 
common consent. 

Towing-paths^ ^c. 

Abt. VII. Each State of the Rhine shall be at the expense of 
keeping the Towing-paths which pass through its territory in 
good repair, and of maintaining the necessary works through the 
same extent in the channel of the River, in order that no obstacle 
may be experienced to the navigation. 

80 



No. 11] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTBU, &c. [March, 1815. 

[Navigation of Biver*— Rliine.] 

Courts of Justice, 

Art. VIII. A Jadicial Authority shall be attached to each 
Office for the Collection of Duties, for the purpose of investigatiDg 
and determining, agreeably to the regulation, in the First Instance^ 
all disputes relating to the objects therein mentioned. These 
Judicial Authorities shall be maintained at the expense of that 
State of the Rhine in which they are situated, and shall pro- 
nounce sentence in the name of their Sovereigns ; but the indivi- 
duals who compose them, shall make oath Htrictly to observe the 
regulation, and the Judges shall not be deprived of their situations 
unless by a regular and formal process, and by a judgment given 
against them. Their proceedings shall be determined in the regu- 
lation, and shall be uniform along the whole course of the Khine, 
and as summary as possible. 

Where an Office for the Collection of Duties shall belong to 
more than one State, individuals invested with the judicial func- 
tions shall be nominated by the Sovereign in whose territory the 
office in question is situated, and judgment shall be given in His 
name ; but the expenses shall be defrayed by those States who 
divide the receipts of such office, and in proportion to the share 
which accrues to them. 

Appeals to Higher Tribunals. 

Art. IX. Parties wuihing to appeal against the decisions of 
the Courts of Justice specified in the preceding Article^ shall have 
the option of applying for this purpose to the Central Commission 
hereafter mentioned, or to the Superior Tribunal of the country 
in which the Court of First Instance^ before which they shall have 
pleaded, is situated. Each State of the River engages to establish 
a similar Tribunal of Second Instance, or to refer the decision of 
causes of this nature to one of those already existing. Tliese 
Tribunals shall likewise make oath to observe the Law a)ncorning 
Navigation. Their organization and mode of proceeding shall form 
part of the regulation, and they shall not hold their meetings m 
a town situated too far from the bank of the Rhine. The regula- 
tion shall contain tbe particular arrangements for that purpose. 
Their sentences shall be final, and no further appeal shall be 

allowed. 

Central Commission of Control. 

Ajrr. X. In order to establish a perfect control over the 
observance of the general regulation, and to constitute an autho- 

81 o 



March, 1815.] G^BEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [Mo. 11 

[Navigation of Bivers — Bhine.] 

rity which may serve as a means of commanication between the 
States of the Rhine upon all sabjects relating to Navigation, a 
Centnd Oommission shall be appointed. 

Formation of Central Commission of Control, 

Art. XI. Each State bordering on the Rhine shall name a 
Commission for its formation ; and it shall assemble regularly at 
Mayence on the 1st November in each year. They shall judge 
according to circumstances, and the business upon which they 
may have to decide, whether after this sessioui it will be neces- 
sary to hold another in the spring. 

The President, who without any other prerogative, shall be 
employed in the general management of the labours of the Com- 
mission, shall be chosen by ballot, and replaced every month, in 
case the session should be prolonged. Another member of the 
Commission, who shall be chosen by the members, shall keep the 
minutes of their proceedings. 

Inspectors. 

Art. XII. In order that a permanent authority may exist, 
which, in the absence of the Central Commission may super- 
intend the observance of the regulation, and to which the mer- 
chants and boatmen may at all times refer, there shall be named 
a Chief Inspector and three Deputy Inspectors. 

The Chief Inspector shall also reside at Mayence ; the Deputy 
Inspectors shall be appointed for the Upper, Middle, and Lower 
Rhine. 

Choice of Chief Inspector. 

Abt. XIII. The Chief Inspector shall be chosen by the Cen- 
tral Commission, by a majority of yotes, but in the following 
manner : 

A certain number of votes shall be ^ven; of which the 
Prussian Commissioner shall have one-third; the French Com- 
missioner one-sixth ; the Commissioner of the Netherlands one- 
sixth ; and that of the other German Princes, excepting Prussia, 
one- third. 

The distribution of the votes of these Princes shall be regu- 
lated as soon as the whole bank of the Rhine shall have been 
finally disposed of ; but the distribution shall be made propor- 
tionately to the extent of their respective possessions on the 
bank. The three Deputy Inspectors shall be chosen; the 

82 



No. 11] GBBAT BRITAIN, AUSTBU, Ac. [March, 1815. 

[Kaviffation of BlTeni— Blilne.] 



first by Prnssia, the second, alteraately by Prance and the 
Netherlands, and the third by the other Grerman Princes, jomt 
possessors of the bank, who shall agree npon the mode of 
making this appointment. 

Appointment of Inspectors for Life. Pensions and Trial by Court 

of Justice. 

Art. XIV. The Appointments, as well of the Chief Inspector 
as of the Deputy Inspectors, shall be for life. 

If the Commission should deem it expedient to remove one of 
its officers, from being dissatisfied with his services, it shall be 
put to the vote whether he shall be merely replaced by another, 
or brought to trial. In the former case, which likewise applies 
to retirement in consequence of infirmity, the individual uhall 
relire upon a pension, amounting to half his salary, should he 
not have served ten years ; and two- thirds of it if he has served 
ten years or upwards. This pension shall bo paid in the same 
manner as Ihe salary. 

In the second case, the Commission shall determine, in the 
manner prescribed by Article XVII, by which Courts of the First 
and Second Instance he shall be tried. 

The individual shall be entitled to the pension if he is fully 
acquitted ; and on the other hand, he shall be proceeded against 
according to the sentence which shall have been passed upon 
him. Whenever the Commission shall vote upon the question of 
removing any of the Inspectors, the votes shall be given in the 
manner determined upon in Article XIII ; but the individual 
cannot be deprived of his situation, unless two- thirds of the 
number of votes determined upon, shall be against him. 

Duties of Chief Inspector. 

Art. XV. The Duties of the Chief Inspector, assisted by the 
Deputy Inspectors, are to superintend the fulfilment of the regu- 
lation, and to arrange everything relating to the police of the 
navigation. It will therefore be his right and his duty t^) issuo 
orders on this subject to the Offices for collecting duties, and to 
communicate with the other local authorities of the States bor- 
dering on the Rhine. Persons employed in the offices, and the 
local authorities, shall obey and assist him in everything con- 
cerning the observance of the regulation, and shall not opiK>8e 
the execution of his orders, unless he shall exceed the limits of 

83 o 2 



Maroh, 1815.] GREAT BBITAIN, AUSTBIA, &c. [No. 11 

[Navigation of Sivera — ^Bhine.] 

his authority. In this case, they shall immediately make it 
known to their superiors. 

The Chief Inspector shall likewise collect every information 
which may be necessary for the Central Commission regarding 
the state and defects of the navigation, and shall submit to them 
such measures as he may consider advisable to be adopted. On 
pressing occasions, he shall be at liberty, and it will be his duty, 
to hold a correspondence with its members, even when they are 
not sitting. 

Reports to be made by Inspectors. 

Art. XVI. The Central Commission shall direct the Inspectors 
to report to them an account of their proceedings ; they shall 
asdist them in their duties, and superintend the manner in which 
they are performed ; they shall at the same time attend to all 
matters that may contribute to the general interests of naviga- 
tion and commerce, and shall publish, at the close of every year, 
a detailed report of the state of the navigation of the Rhine, 
its annual movement, its progress, the changes which may take 
place, and of everything relating to domestic and foreign com- 
merce. 

Decisions of Central Commissions^ 

Art. XVII. The Decisions of the Central Conmiission shall be 
had by an absolute majority of votes, which shall be given iu 
perfect equality: but as its members should be considered as 
agents of the States of the Rhine, charged with making arrange- 
ments for their mutual interests, their decisions shall not be 
binding upon these States until their consent shall have been 
given by their Commissioners. 

Salary of Inspectors. 

Art. XVIII. The Salary of the Chief Inspector and of the 
Deputy Inspectors, but not that of the Commissioners, who may 
be merely temporary agents, shall be fixed by the regulation. 
It shall be at the joint expense of all the States bordering on 
the Rhine, who shall contribute in proportion to the part which 
they take in their nomination. The regulation shall contain 
everything relating to the future establishment of the Central 
Commission, and of its permanent administration, and shall de- 
termine, in a precise and detailed manner, all its functions and 
privileges. 

84 



Mo. 11] GBEAT BBITAIN, AUSTBIA, &c, [March, 1816. 

[Navigation of Biverw— Kh In e.] 



Suppression of Staple Duties, 

Art. XIX. The Staple Duties having been suppressed by 
Article VIII of the Convention of the 15th August, 1804,* that 
suppression is hereby extended to the duties which the towns of 
Mayence and Cologne levied, under the denomination of Harbour 
and Port Duties, and on breaking bulk (Umschlag), so that indi- 
viduals shall be at liberty to navigate along the whole course of 
the Rhine, from the point where it becomes navigable to where it 
falls into the sea, either in passing up or down the river, without 
being compelled to break bulk, or to remove the cargoes into 
another vessel, in any port, town, or place whatever. 

Police. 

Art. XX. A superintending Police shall, however, be ap* 
pointed for the prevention of fraud, where vessels are laden or 
unladen, as well as where cargoes are shifted ; and the crane, 
quay, and storehouse duties in places where such accommodations 
exist, or where they may hereafter be erected, shall be fixed by 
the regulation, in an uniform manner, and they shall not after* 
wards be augmented but by common consent. 

Companies or Boatmen not to enjoy any Exclusive Rights, 

Art. XXI. No Company, much less any qualified Boatman (in 
places where there are no Companies), shall in any of the States 
of the Rhine exercise any exclusive right of navigation on this 
river, or on any part of it. The subjects of any one of these 
States may continue to be members of a Company in any other of 
the States. 

Custom-houses not to interfere vnth Navigation Duties, 

Art. XXII. The Custom-houses of the States of the Rhine 
being unconnected with the Duties on Navigation, shall not inter- 
fere with the collection of the latter. The definitive regulation 
shall contain the necessary arrangements to prevent the superin- 
tending Officers of the Customs from throwing obstacles in the 
way of the navigation. 

Custom-house Boats and Flags, 

Art. XXIII. The Custom-house Boats and small craft shall 
bear the Flag of the State to which they belong, but in order to 

* See Appendix. 
85 



March, 1815.] aRBAT Britain, austbu, ao. [Mo. U 

[If aviffaiion of Biv era B lilna.] 

denote their belonging to the Customs, the word ^'-Wienus^' shall 
be inscribed upon it. 

Duties on Navigation not to he fanned out. 

Abt. XXIV. The Duties on the navigation of the Rhine shall 
never be fanned out^ either wholly or partially. 

No Exemption or Abatement of Duties admitted^ 

Art. XXV. No demand of exemption or abatement of Duties 
shall be admitted, either by the Overseers of the Customs or even 
by the Central Commission, whatever may be the nature, origin, 
or destination of the boats, effects, or merchandise, and to what- 
ever individuals, bodies, towns, or States either of them may be- 
long, or for whatever service, or on whose account soever the 
same may be shipped. 

Neutrality in the event of War. 

Art. XXVI. If it should happen (which Gk)d forbid) that War 
should break out among any of the States of the Rhine, the col- 
lection of the Customs shall continue uninterrupted, without any 
obstacle being thrown in the way by either party. 

The Vessels and persons employed by the Custom-houses shall 
enjoy all the rights of Neutrality. A guard shall be placed over 
the ofiSces and chests belonging to the Customs. 

Definitive Detailed Regulations to he framed, 

Abt. XXVII. The existing Commission, having been obliged 
to confine itself to the establishing of the most general principles, 
without entering into the details necessary to be regulated, all 
particular arrangements, and especially those relating to the Tariff 
of Dutiep, to that adopted for merchandise in generid, and also to 
that for goods which, being of a general description, pay smaller 
duties ; the situation of the Offices for the Collection of Duties, 
their internal management, and mode of collection; the organiza- 
tion of judicial authorities of the First and Second Instance^ and 
their mode of proceeding ; the preservation of the Towing-paths 
and the works in the bed of the River ; the Manifests ; the Gaug- 
ing, and designation of Boats and Floats of wood ; the weights, 
measures, and coins to be used, and their proportions and valua- 
tion ; the Police of the ports for shipping, unloading, or shifting 
cargoes ; the Companies of watermen, the requisite qualifications 

86 



Mo. 11] aBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTBIA, &o. [March, 1815. 

[IVayiffailon of Rivers — Bliiiie*] 

for watermen ; the greater and lesser navigation, if such a distinc- 
tion, which no longer exists in the sense given to it by the Con- 
vention of 1804, should be mamtained under other circumstances 
and for other reasons ; the scale of charges for Freight ; Contra- 
ventions; the separation of Offices for the Navigation, of the 
Custom-houses, &c., &c., shall be determined in the Definitive 
Regulations, which shall be framed in the manner hereafter 
mentioned. 

Payment of Permanent Bents on Duties, 
Art. XXVIII. The regulations of Articles IX, XIV, XVII, 
XIX, and XX of the Principal Bices of the Extraordinary Depu- 
tation of the Empire of the 25th of February, 1803*, concerning the 
Peimanent Rents, directly assigned upon the produce of the duties 
on the navigation of the Rhine, shall be continued. For this pur- 



1. The German Governments, joint possessors of the banks of 
the Rhine, charge themselves with the payment of the above 
Rents, reserving, however, to themselves the power of purchasing 
such Rents, according to Article XXX of the Beces^ either at 2^ 
per cent., or by any other arrangement upon which the parties 
concerned may mutually agree. 

2. Cases are excepted from the general prindple, concerning 
the Payment of the Rents mentioned in the preceding paragraph, 
where there shall exist peculiar and legal objections against the 
claiming of such Rents. These cases shall be considered and de- 
termined upon, as mentioned in the following paragraph: 

3. The adoption of the principle mentioned in the first para- 
graph, relative to the various claims, and the decisions concerning 
exceptions referred to in the second paragraph, shall be entrusted 
to a Commission, composed of five persons, whom the Court of 
Vienna, at the desire of the German Governments, joint possessors 
of the bank of the River, shall nominate, by choosing, as far as 
may be practicable, individuals who have been members of the 
Aulic Council of the Empire, and are still here. 

This Commission shall settle this matter in the most just and 
equitable manner, and the Governments from whom such Rents are 
due promise to abide by such decision without any appeal or objec- 
tion whatever. 

4. The above-mentioned Commission shall inquire into the 
right of demanding arrears of Rents, and shall decide on the 

• See Appendix. 
87 



March, 1815.] obeat bbitain, austbia, ao. [No. U 

[NaTlffation of Sivers— -Bliine.] 

principle whether the possessors of the bank of llie Rhme are 
liable to pay these arrears, or whether the apphcation of this 
principle, if admitted by the Commission, applies to the various 
claims of arrears in particular. Its labours shall terminate in 
three months from the day of its assembling. 

5. If the Commission shall decide that the arrears should be 
paid, and shall fix the instalments, the Central Commission shall 
regulate the mode of payment, in such manner that the debiting 
Gov^emments shall have the option either of discharging the same 
in 10 successive years, at the rate of one-tenth each year, or of 
transferring them, analogous to the 30th of the JRech^ at 2^ per 
cent., into Kents, in addition to those which the Governments to 
whom they belong actually possess. 

The Central Commission shall likewise decide whether, and hi 
what proportion, France ought to contribute to the payment of 
these aiTears. 

6. All Payments decided on by the present Article are to be 
made half-yearly. 

The Central Commission shall fix the manner m which these 
Payments shall be made, favouring, as much as possible, those 
to whom the said Rents belong, and the debiting Governments 
shall contribute to them in proportion to their share of the 
duties. This proportion shall be definitively' arranged by the 
Central Commission at its first meeting, on the average of the 
amount of a year's receipts of the different offices of collection 
which have existed during the first six years from the time of 
the Convention of 1804* having been in force. 

Pensions of Officers and Relief to Widows and Orphans. 
Art. XXIX. The regulations comprehended in the Articles 
LXXIII— LXXVIII of the Convention of the 15th August, 
1804,* concerning a fund to be appropriated to the payment of 
Pensions on retirement, and to the relief of Widows and Children 
of Government officers, the number of vacancies, and the right of 
superannuation, as well as the amouut of the Pensions, and the 
relief to be granted to Widows and Orphans, being ultimately 
connected with the general receipt of duties, shall immediately 
cease, and the business of granting Pensions on the retirement of 
officers of the Customs, and relief to their Widows and Orphans, is 
left to the discretion of each particular State bordering on the 

River. 

• See Appendix. 

88 



Mo. 11] GBEAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac, [March, 1816 

[Navigation of Bivera — Bhine.] 



Pensions. Payments by France. 

The Central Commission shall nevertheless be employed im- 
mediately on its opening in arranging with France the restitution 
of the Fmid, formed in virtue of Article LXXIII of the Conven- 
tion, for the drawback of 4 per cent, upon salaries, which has 
been paid into the sinking fund ; and the French Government 
engages to make the restitution as soon as the amount of this 
Fund shall have been liquidated by the Central Commission. 

This restitution being made, the Commission shall consider 
what Pensions and relief are still to be paid out of this Fund, and 
shall assign them according to the principles established by the 
Convention of 1804.* 

Individuals who have been employed in the tax-office, and to 
whom, in consequence of the new arrangements, proper situa- 
tions cannot be given, or who shall allege such reasons for not 
accepting such situations as the Central Commission shall deem 
sufficient, shall have Pensions and Allowances granted to them 
conformably to the principles established by Article LIX of the 
Rdch of the Empire of 1808.* 

Pensions to Receivers of Duties. 

Art. XXX. The Pensions granted to the receivers of duties, 
discontinued by Article XXXIX of the R^ch of 1808,* shall be 
paid by the German Governments, joint possessors of the bank 
of the River. Those which have been legally granted since the 
period at which the duties on navigation have been in force, shall 
also be paid ; but the Central Commission shall investigate and 
determine in what proportion the Governments, joint proprietors 
of the bank (the kingdom of the Netherlands, however, excepted), 
shall contribute to these Payments. 

It shall discharge the amoimt of all these Pensions, and finally 
settle the scale by which such Payments shall be regulated. 

The payment of these Pensions, as well as of those mentioned 
in Article XXIX, shall be regulated in the manner fixed by the 
6th paragraph of Article XXVIII, for the payment of Rents. 

Formation of Central Commission. 
Ajci. XXXI. As soon as the general principles for the naviga- 
tion of the Rhine shall have been laid down by the Congress 
the States of the Rhine shall appoint i)ersons for the formation 
of the Central Commission ; and this Commission shall assemble 

• See Appendix. 
89 



i J 



Marchi 1816.] obeat bbitain, austbia, &c. [No. 11 

[NaTiffation of Rivera — Bhine.] 

at latest on the 1st of Juno this year, at Mayence. At the same 

time the present Provincial Administration shall deliver up the 

direction with which they have been charged, to the Central 

Commission, and to the authorities of the States of the Rhine ; 

the partial collection of the duties shall be substituted for the 

general collection, and they shall pubhsh, in the name of all the 

States of the Rhine, a temporary instruction, by which it shall be 

ordered, that unlil the completion and final approval of the new 

regulation, the Convention of the 15th August, 1804, shall be 

observed ; it being distinctly pointed out, which of its Articles 

are already annulled by the present arrangements, and what 

other arrangements ought immediately to be adopted in lieu of 

them. 

Duties of Central Commission. 

Art. XXXII. As soon as the Central Conunission shall have 
assembled it shall occupy itself : 

1. In drawing up the Regulations for the navigation of the 
Rhine. It is sufficient to observe here, that the present Articles 
shall serve as a guide to them, and that the points which the 
regulations are to embrace, are mentioned as well in the present 
instrument, as in the Convention of the 15th August, 1804, and 
that care must be taken to retain whatever is good and useful in 
that Convention. 

When the regulations are completed, they shall be submitted 
to the Governments of the Rhine for their approbation, and until 
such approbation shall have been given, the new order of things 
shall not commence, nor shall the Central Commission enter upon 
its regular duties.* 

2. In acting for the present Central Administration, where it 
shall be necessary, until the publication of the new Regulations. 

D'ALBERG. 

CLANCARTY. 

WREDK 

TURCKHEIM. 

BERCKHEIM. 

DB MARSCIIALL. 

SPAEN. 

HUMBOLDT. 

WESSENBERG. 

* 8m Conyention of 31st March, 1881. 

90 



No. 11] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, fto. [Harobi 1815. 

[NftTiffation of Bivers— IfeolMr, Ao.] 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Necker, the Mayne^ 
the Moselky the Meuse^ and the Scheldt,^ 

Freedom of Navigation. 
Abt. I. The same Freedom of Navigation that has been granted 
for the Rhine, shall be extended to the Necker, the Mayne, the 
Moselle, the Meuse, and the Scheldt, from the point where each 
of them becomes navigable, to their mouths. 

Storehouse and Harbour Duties on the Necker and Mayne aholisJied. 
Art. II. Storehouse and forced Ilarbour Duties, on the Necker 
and the Mayne, are and shall continue abolished, and all qualified 
watermen shall be allowed to navigate along the whole extent of 
these Rivers, in the same manner that such liberty has been re- 
stored by Article XIX, on the Rhine. 

Duties on the Necker and Mayne. 
Art. III. The Tolls levied on the Necker and the Ma^^ne shall 
not be increased ; on the contrary, the Governments, joint pos- 
sessors of the bank, engage to reduce them, in case they should 
exceed the Tariffs in use in 1802, to the rates of those Tariffs. 
They likewise engage not to burthen navigation by any new 
imposts whatever, and will meet, as soon as possible, to arrange 
a Tariff as similar to the duties levied on the Rhine, as circum- 
stances may permit. 

Duties on the Moselle and Meu^e, 
Art. IV. The Duties now levied on the Moselle and the Meuse, 
in pursuance of the decree of the French Government of the 12th 
November, 1806, and of the 10th Brumaire of the year 14, 
shall not be increased ; on the contrary, the Governments, johit 
possessors of the bank, engage to reduce them, in case they are 
higher than those levied on the Rhine, to the same rate. 

Neiv Regulations to be framed. 
This engagement not to increase the present Tariffs, refers, 
however, only to the amount and maximum of duties ; the Govern- 
ments expressly reserving to themselves the power of fixing, by 
new Regulations, everything relative to the division into different 
classes of such merchandise as is subject to a lower Tariff ; to 
the difference now established for passing up and down the River 
at the Custom-houses ; to the mode of collection ; to the police of 

* The Soheklt Toll was redeemed by the Treaty between Great Britain, 
&c., and Belgium, of 16th July, 1868. 

91 



March, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 11 

[Navigation of Siven — Neoker, ftc] 

the navigation ; or to any other subject requiring ulterior deter- 
mination. 

This Regulation shall be made to correspond, as nearly as 
possible, with that of the Rhine ; and the better to insure such 
uniformity, it shall be drawn up by those Members of the Central 
Commission of the Rhine, whose Governments shall also have 
possessions on the banks of the Moselle and the Mouse. 

No increase shall take place in the Tariff to be finally settled 

by the new Regulation unless a similar increase shall be considered 

necessary on the Rhine, and that only in the same proportion ; 

and no other part of the regulation shall be altered but by common 

consent 

Repair of Towing-paths. 

Aht. V. The States of the Rivers specified in Article I, engage 
to keep the Towing-paths in repair, as well as the necessary 
works in the beds of the Rivers, in the same manner as agreed 
upon in Article VII for the Rhine. 

Eights of Navigation on the Ehine and on the Necker^ MoselUy and 

Meuse, by Subjects of either State, 
Art. VI. The subjects of the States of the Rivers Necker, the 
Mayne, and the Moselle, shall enjoy the same Rights of Naviga- 
tion on the Rhine, and Prussian subjects on the Mouse, as the 
subjects of the States of the last two Rivers ; paying due regard, 
however, to the regulations therein established. 

Future Regulation of the Navigation of the Scheldt. 
Art. VII. Everything relating to the Navigation of the Scheldt, 
which may need ulterior arrangement, besides the freedom of 
Navigation on this River, specified in Article I, shall be definitively 
regulated in a manner the most favourable to Commerce and Navi- 
gation, and the most analogous to the regulations established on 

the Rhine. 

D'ALBERG. 
COUNT KELLER. 
CLANCARTY. 
WREDE. 
TURCKHEIM. 
DANZ. 

BERCKHEIM. 
DE MARSCHALL. 
SPAEN 

TIIE BARON LINDEN, subject to the ap- 
probation of His Majesty the King. 
WESSENBERG. 
92 



No. 11] GBEAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c, March| 1815. 

[Navigation of Blvers, fto.] 

For Treaties, &c., relative to Free Navigation of other Rivers, 
see: — 

Treaty between Great Britain, Prussia, &c., respecting the Navi- 
gation of the Elbs^ of 23rd June, 1821. 

[The Elbe Duties were abolished by a Treaty between Austria and 
. Germany, of 22nd June, 1870.] 



Convention between the 5 Powers and Turkey, relative to the 
Passikge of the Dardanelles and BosphoruSy of 13th July, 
1841 ; and Treaty of 31st March, 1871. 



Convention between the Elbe bordering States, respecting the 
Stade or Brunshausen Toll^ of 13th April, 1844. 



Treaty between Austria, Modena, and Bavaiia, respecting the 
Navigation of the Po, of 3rd July, 1849. 



Treaty between the European Powers, respecting the Navigation 
of the Danube^ of 30th March, 1856. 



Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and the United Principali* 

3rd_ 
16tli 



ties, respecting the Navigation of the Priith^ of f^ December, 



186C ; and Regulations of April, 1870. 



Treaties between Great Britain, &c., and Denmark, for the re* 
demption of the Sound Dues^ of 14th March, 1867. 



Treaty between the European Powers, respecting the Navigation 
of the Black Sea and Danube^ of 13th March, 1871. 



See idso Index to Subjects {Rivers, &c.) in Ilertslet's Treaties, 
vol. xii, p. 130. 



9^ 



3 May, 1815] austeu and eussia. [No. 12 

[Poland.] 

No. 12. — TREATY between Austria and Russiay relative to 
Poland.* Signed at Vienna, ^^\ 1815. 

[This Treaty formed Annex I to the Vienna Congress Treaty 
of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. OonBolidation of the Welfare of the Poleg. 

1. Beetitution by Mmttia to AuHria of Pistriote separated from JSoifern 

OaUcia. 

2. WieliczJca and its Salt Biines to be possessed by Austria, 

3. Frontier between OaUcia and Snssia, 

4. Cfracow declared to be a Free Town under the protection of AuHria, 

Prusfia, and Mustia, 

5. Part of Duchy of Wartaw to be united to JRutsia. Title of King of 

Poland to be borne by the Czar. Poles to receive Bepresentative and 
National Institutions. 

6. Ihnigration. Inhabitants and Landowners free to leare the Country and 

sell their Property. 

7. Poland. General Amnesty. 

8. Poland, Sequestrations to be remored. Prosecutions to be Annulled. 

9. Poland, Exceptions to preceding Article. 

10. Condition of Mixed Subjects as to Property. 

11. Declaration as to intention of Domicile of Mixed Subjects. 

12. Declaration to be made by €Kiardians of Minors. 

13. Negjlect to make Declaration. 

14. Term within which New Declaration can be made. 

15. Sale or Transfer of Property of Mixed Subjects. 

16. Limitation to Sale or Transfer of Property. 

17. Acquisition of Property by Inheritance, &c. 

18. Declaration to be made by Persons acquiring Property by Inheritance, &c. 

19. Freedom of Mixed Subjects to pass from one to the other State. 

20. Pririleges of Proprietors of Estates divided by tlie Frontier. 

21. Privileges of Shepherds and Drovers. 

22. LegalJurisdiction. 

23. Sovereignty over Mills, &c., on Frontier Rivers. 

24. Freedom and Navigation of Riven and Canals. 

25. Duties on Navigation. 

26. CommiHsioners to reflate Duties on Navigation. 

27. Duration of Commission. 

28. Liberty of Transit between Brody and Odessa. 

29. Commissioners to regulate Tariffs. 

30. Payment by Russia to Auttria on account of Ancient Polish Debt. 

* By a Russian Manifesto of ^th February, 1832, the Kingdom of 
Poland was declared to be perpetually united to the Russian Empire, and 
to form an integral part thereof. The British Government protested against 
this Manifesto on the 8rd July, 1832, as being an infraction of the Vienna 
Congress Treaty. 

94 



No, 12] AtrSTRIA AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1816. 

[Poland.] 

Abt. TiBLi. 

81. Benoneiation bj Auiiria of all other Loans and Debts. 

82. Mode of Payment on account of Ancient Polish Debt. 

83. Austria to proride for one-ninth part of New Debts of Duchj of Wanaw, 

84. Appointment of Commission to regulate the Balances due by Foreign 

States to the Accounts of respective claims of Contracting Parties, and 
the daims of subjects against their Gh>Temments. 

85. Appointment of Committee for the Restitution of all Securities. 

86. Restitution of Documents, Flans, Maps, or Deeds. Certified Copies of all 

Documents of Common Interest. 
37. Delivery of Acts of Cbvemment, Mortgage, Books, and Deeds. 
88. Appointment of Commission to construct Map of New Frontier. 

39. Continuation of Contract for Salt. 

40. Delivery of Provinces to Aiutria. 

41. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 
Preamble. Consolidation of the Welfare of the Poles, 
In the name of the Most Iloly and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, His Majesty the 
Emperor of Austria, and His Majesty the King of Prussia, being 
equally desirous of coming to an amicable understanding upon 
the measures most proper to adopt for consolidating the welfare of 
the Polish people, in the new relations in which they are placed 
by the changes effected in the fate of the Duchy of Warsaw ; and 
wishing at the same time to extend the effects of this benevolent 
disposition to the Provinces and Districts which composed the 
ancient kingdom of Poland, by means of such liberal arrange- 
ments as circumstances have permitted, and by placing the 
intercourse of the inhabitants, in respect to commerce, upon the 
most advantageous footing ; have agreed to conclude two separate 
Treaties, one between Russia and Austria, and the other between 
the former Power and Prussia, in order to comprise therein, the 
general engagements common to the three Powers, as well as 
the stipulations which concern them individually. Their Impe- 
rial Majesties have for this purpose named, for their separate 
Treaty, the following Plenipotentiaries : 

His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Sieur Andrew, 
Count de Rasoumoffsky, his principal Plenipotentiary at the 
Congress. 

And His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, the Sieur Clement- 
Venceslas-Lothaire, Prince de Mettemich-Winnebourg-Ochsen- 
hausen, intimate and actual Councillor of His Majesty the Em- 

* For French version, sec State Papers, vol, ii, p. 66. 

95 



3 May, 1815.] Austria and bussia. [No. 12 

[Poland.] 

peror of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, his Minister 
of State, of Conferences, and of Foreign Affairs, and his Pleni- 
potentiary at the Congress ; who, after having exchanged their 
Full Powers, found in due and proper form, have agreed upon, 
concluded, and signed the following Articles : 

BegiUiUimi by Russia to Austria of Districts separated from Eastern 

Oalicia, 

Art. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No, 27) as 
ArtV.) 

Wieliczka Salt Mines and Territory to he possessed hy Austria. 

Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art III.) 

Frontier hettoeen Oalicia and Bussia, 

Art. III. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty as (No. 27) 
Art IV.) 

Oracow deela/red to be a Free, Neutral, and Independent Town under 
the protection of Austria, Prussia, and Russia. 

Abt. IV. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. VI.) 

Part of Duchy of Warsaw to be united to Russia. Title of King of 
Poland to be borne by the Czar. Poles to receive Representative 
and National Institutions. 

Abt. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art I.) 

Emigration. Inhabitants and Landowners free to Leave the Country 

and Sell their Property. 

Abt. VI. If the Inhabitants and Landowners of the Countries 
separated in virtue of the present Treaty, should wish to settle 
under another Government, they shall be allowed six years to 
dispose of their Property, moveable or immoveable, of whatever 
nature it may be, to sell it, to quit the country, and to export the 
produce thereof in specie, or in any other description of money, 
without any impediment or drawback whatever. 

Poland. General Amnesty. 

Art. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. XI.) 

Poland. Sequestrations to be removed. Prosecutions to be Annulled. 

Art. VIII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 

as Art XIL) 

96 



No. 12] AUSTRIA AND BUSSU. [3 May, 1815. 

[Foland.] 

Poland, Exceptions to preceding Article respecting Confiscation. 

Art. IX. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. Xni.) 

Condition of Mixed Subjects as to Property. 

Abt. X. The condition of a subject of Governments, as far 
as property is concerned, shall be acknowledged and maintained. 

Declaration as to Intention of Domicile of Mixed Subjects. 
^ Abt. XI. Every individual who possesses property under more 
than one Grovemment shall be obliged, in the course of a year, 
dating from the day of the ratification of the present Treaty, to 
make the declaration of his settled abode, in writing, before tiie 
magistrate of the nearest city or town, or before the commandei 
of the nearest district, or before the nearest civil authority in the 
country that he may have chosen for his residence. This decla- 
ration, which the above magisti*ate or other authority is to trans- 
mit to the superior authority of the province, renders him, as to 
his person and family, exclusively the subject of the Sovereign 
in whose State he has fixed his abode. 

Declaration to be made by Guardians of Minors. 

Abt. XII. TVith respect to minors, or other persons who are 
under the care of guardians, such guardians shall be obliged to 
make the necessary declaration at the appointed time. 

Neglect to make Declaration. 

Abt. XIII. If any individual, possessing property under both 
Governments, shall have neglected, at the end of the prescribed 
term of a year, to make the declaration of his final abode, he 
shall be considered as a subject of the Power in whose States he 
last resided ; his silence in this case being considered as a tacit 
declaration to that effect. 

Term within which New Declaration can be made. 

Abt. XIV. Any individual, possessuig property under both 
Governments, who shall have once made a declaration of hi& 
place of abode, shall be allowed, for the period of eight years, 
dating from the day of the ratification of the present Treaty, to 
settle under another Government, by making a new declaration, 
arid by producing the permission of the Power under whose 
Government he wishes to reside. 

97 11 



3 May, 1815 J AUSTEIA AND EUSSU. [Ho, 12 

[Polaiid.] 

Sale or Transfer of Property of Mixed Subjects, 
Art. XV. Any individual^ possessing property under both 
Grovernments, who has made a declaration of his place of abode, 
or who is considered as having made it, conformably to the stipu- 
lations of Article XIII, is not obliged, at any period whatever, to 
dispoee of the possessions he may have in the dominions of a 
Sovereign of whom he is not a subject. He shall enjoy, with 
resjiect to this property, all the rights attached to its possession. 
He shall be free to expend the revenues of these possessions in 
the country where he shall have chosen his abode, without sus- 
taining any deduction whatever at the time of their removal. He 
may sell these possessions, and take the value thereof, without 
being subject to any drawback. 

Limitation to Sale or Transfer of Property, 
Art. XVI. The privileges specified in the preceding Article, 
of removing property without diminution, shall extend only to 
the effects of which such individuals may be possessed at the 
time of the ratification of the present Treaty. 

Acquisition of Property by Inhentance^ jrc. 

Art. XVII. The same privileges are, however, attached to 
every acquisition made under either Government, by reason of 
inheritance, marriage, or gift of property, which, at the date of 
the ratification of the present Treaty, belonged lastly to a pro- 
prietor under both Governments. 

Declaration to be made by Persons acquiring Property by Inheritance^ 

4rc, 
Art. XVIII. Should any individual having property imder 
one of the two Governments only, whether by inheritance, legacy, 
gift, or marriage, become possessed of property under the other 
Government, he shall be considered as a proprietor under both 
Governments, and, as such, obliged to make, within the prescribed 
time, the declaration of his fixed abode. This term of a year 
shall date from the day on which he shall have produced the 
legal proof of his acquisition. 

Freedortn of Mixed Subjects to pass from one to the other State, 

Art. XIX. An individual possessing property under both 
Governments, or his agent, shall be allowed at all times to pass 
from one of his possessions to the other ; for which purpose it is 

98 






No. U] AI7BIBIA AI7D BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

the pleasure of the two Courts that the Governor of the nearest 
province shall give the necessary passports, on the application of 
the parties. These passports shall be deemed a sufficient protec* 
tion, from one Government to the other, and shall be equally 
respected on both sides. 

Privileges of Proprietors of Estates divided hy the Frontier. 

jArt. XX. Proprietors having estates divided by the frontier 
shall be treated^ in respect to those possessions, according to tlie 
most liberal principles. 

Individuals whose property is thus circumstanced, their ser- 
vants and tenants, shall have the privilege of passing and re- 
passing from one part of the possession so divided by the frontier, 
to the other, with their implements of husbandry, their cattle, 
tools, &c., the difference of sovereignty being no impediment 
thereto. They may also remove, from one place to the other, 
their crops, all articles of growth, their cattle, and every article 
of manufacture, without passports, molestation, rent, or impost 
whatever. This privilege is, however, limited to articles the 
produce of the soil, or of industry, in the territory thus divided 
by the line of demarcation. It likewise extends to such lands 
only as belong to the same person, in the fixed distance of one 
mile (fifteen to the degree) on both sides, and which may have 
been divided by the line of frontier. 

Privileges of Shepherds and Drovers, 

Akt. XXI. The shepherds and drovers, subjects of both 
Powers, shaU continue to enjoy the rights, immunities, and privi- 
leges which have hitherto been granted to tliem ; and no obstacle 
shall prevent the daily intercourse on the frontiers between the 
neighbouring people. ( Grdnz- Verkehr,) 

Legal Jurisdiction, 

Art. XXII. The Domiciliary Court shall also decide the Dif- 
ferences between individuals which are brought forward by the 
Governor of these territories. But the Court of the territory, in 
which the property in litigation is situated, shall cause the sen- 
tence to be put into execution. This arrangement shall lie in 
force for the term of ten years, at the end of which the two 
nigh Courts reserve to themselves the right of making any other 
regulation that may be necessary. 

99 H 2 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA AND BUSSIA. [Mo. 12 

[Poland.] 

Sovereignty over Millsy ^c, on Frontier Rivers. 

Abt. XXIII. The sovereignty of the Mills, Manufactories, or 
Foundries established in the course of a River forming the frontier, 
shall be exercised by the Sovereign in whose territory the village 
or place is situated, to which these establishments belong. 

Should they coostitute private property, the Commission 
charged with the demarcation of the land frontiers, shall deter- 
mine, according to the principles of equity and their local situation, 
what shall be proper with respect to the sovereignty. 

It is understood that new establishments of this description 
shall not be formed without the consent of the Grovemments of 
the respective States, bordering on the river. 

Freedom and Navigation of Rivers and Canals, 
Abt. XXIV. * The Navigation of all the Rivers and Canals 
throughout the whole extent of the ancient kingdom of Poland 
(as it existed before the year 1772) to their mouths, as well in 
ascending as in descending, shall be free, so as not to be inter- 
dicted to any inhabitant of the Polish provinces, subject to either 
the Russian or Austrian (Government. 

The same liberty of passage and navigation is reciprocally 
permitted upon the streams or rivers which, not being navigable 
at present, may become so in future, as well upon canals which 
may hereafter be cut. The same principles shall be adopted in 
favour of the abbve-mentioned subjects, in regard to their fre- 
quenting ports at which they may arrive by the navigation of the 
said Rivers and Canals. 

Duties on Navigation, 
Art. XXV. The Tonnage and Towage Duties shall be alike on 
both banks ; the watermen shall nevertheless be obliged to con- 
form to the regulations of the existing police with regard to the 
mode of internal navigation. 

Commissioners to Regulate Duties on Navigation, 
Art. XXVI. In order to secure still further this liberty of 
Navigation, and to remove every obstacle for the future, the two 
High Contracting Parties have agreed to establish only one kind 
of Duty on Shipping, proportioned to the burthen oc tonnage of 
the vessel, or its lading. Commissioners shall be named on both 
sides to regulate the duty, which shall be at a moderate rate, and 

• See Vienna CongreH Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Art. XIV. 

100 



» » 
• • • .^% • » 



Vo. 123 AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[FdUad.] 

be solely applied to maintaining the rivers and canals in question, 
in a navigable state. This Daty, once approved of by the two 
Courts, shall be changed only by common consent. The same 
rule shall be observed with regard to the Boards which shall 
regulate the collection of the said Duty. 

If, however, either of the two Contracting Powers should, at 
his own expense, establish a new Canal, the subjects of Ilis 
Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias shall never be subjected 
to higher duties on navigation than those of His Majesty the 
Emperor of Austria. 

In this respect each party shall be considered on a perfect 

equality. 

Duration of Commission, 

Abt. XXVII. The Commissioners who shall be charged with 
the arrangements determined in the above Articles, shall be 
named without delay. Their labours shall be finished, examined 
and approved, within six months at the latest, dating from the day 
of the ratification of the present Treaty. 

Liberty of Transit between Brody and Odessa, 
Abt. XXVIII. ♦ The two High Contracting Parties, with the 
view of giving greater scope to the commercial relations, cspe- 
dally between Brody and Odessa, and vice versd^ have agreed to 
grant the most perfect liberty in favour of the transit of mer- 
chandize, throughout all parts of ancient Poland. The duties to 
be collected on this account shall be as moderate as possible, and 
such as are levied on the merchants, or subjects of the most 
favoured nations. 

Commissioners to regulate Tariffs. 
Art. XXIX. * With the view also of encouraging the import 
and export trade between the said provinces which constituted the 
ancient kingdom of Poland, it has been mutually agreed that the 
two Courts shall name Commissioners, who are to be charged 
with examining the Regulations and Taiiffs now in force, to present 
plans, tending to regulate whatever is relative to this commerce, 
and especially to prevent all kinds of abuse, or undue interference 
on the part of the customs. 

Payment by Russia to Austria on account of Ancient Polish Debt. 
Art. XXX. Ilis Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty having 
issued from his general fund of State debts {universal Staatsschulden 

• See Yienna CongresB Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XIV. 

101 



3 Hay, 1B16 J AU8XSIA AKD BUSSIiu [Mo. 12 

[Polaad.} 

Cassa) bonds for a sum equal to the quota of the Old Debts of tbo 
Eling and the Republic of Poland^ with which he had been burtheued, 
in consequence of the Convention of the 15th (26th) January, 
1797, and as these bonds are henceforth to remain at his charge, 
with all the arrears of, and present interest, it is agi*eed between 
the Iligh Contracting Parties, that the Government of the Duchy 
of Warsaw, under the guarantee of His Majesty the Emperor of 
all the Kussias, shall be bound, on this account, to make good to 
the Court of Yienpa, by way of a settlement in full, the sum of 
four millions of Polish florins. 

Benunciation hi/ A ustria of all other Loans and Debts. 

Abt. XXXI. On the other hand. His Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty fully renounces every other pretension relative 
to Loans and Debts, of whatsoever nature they may be, which 
have been or which might be either assigned to, mortgaged upon, 
or registered against the ceded territory. 

Mode of Payinent on account of Ancient Polish Debt, 

Art. XXXII. The four millions of Polish florins, stipulated in 
Artide XXX, as a settlement in full on the part of the Govern- 
ment of the Duchy of Warsaw, shall be paid by that Government 
to the Austrian Imperial Treasury, in specie, and in eight equal 
annual instalments of 500,000 Polish flcnins each; the first of 
these annual payments shall become due the 12th (24th) June, 
1816, and the last on the same day in 1824. Having, however, 
taken into consideration the actual state of affairs, and the new 
exertions which circumstances may require, the High Contracting 
Parties have agreed, that if peace is not re-established at the 
precise time of the first payment becoming due, such first pay- 
ment is to be deferred, and consequently the others progressively, 
so that the first payment shall take place six mouths after the 
ratification of the Definitive Treaty of Peace. 

Axistria to provide for One-Ninth part of New Deh^ of Duchy of 

Warsaw. 

Art. XXXIIl. With respect to the New Debts, which bear 
date since the erection of the Duchy of Warsaw, Kis Imperial 
and Royal Apostolic Majesty undertakes to provide for them, in 
the proportion of one-ninth part; it being understood that the 
Court of Vienna shall participate in the interest resulting from 
their liquidation, in the same proportion. 

1(& 



No. 12] AUSTBIA AJH) BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

Appointment of Commission to Regulate the Balances due by Foreign 
States^ to the Accounts of Respective Claims of Contracting 
Parties^ and the Claims of Subjects against their Governments. 

Art. XXXIV. Immediately after the signature of the present 
Treaty, a Commission shall be named, which shall assemble at 
Warsaw. It shall be composed of a proper number of Commis- 
siouers and assistants : its object shall be : — 

1. To prepare an exact Balance of what is due by Foreign 
Groyemments. 

2. To regulate, reciprocally, between the Contracting Parties, 
the Accounts of their respective Claims. 

3. To settle the Claims of Subjects against their Governments. 
In shoit, to adjust whatever relates to subjec^ts of this nature. 

Appointment of Committee for the Restitution of all Securities, 

Art. XXXV. As soon as the Commission mentioned in the 
preceding Article shall have entered upon its duties, it shall 
appoint a committee, for the purpose of proceeding immediately 
to the necessary arrangement for the i-estitution of all Securities, 
whether consisting of money, or of deeds and documents, which 
the subjects of one of the Coutractuig Parties may have given, 
and which may be found in the States of the other. The same 
rule shall be observed in all judiciary depots which may have 
been transferred from one province to the other. They shall be 
restored to the jurisdictions of the governments to which they 
belong. 

Restitution of Documents^ Plans, 3faps, or Deeds, Certijied Copies 

of all Documents of Common Interest. 

Art. XXXVI. All Documents, Plans, Maps, or Deeds whatever, 
which may be found ui the Archives of either of the Contracting 
Parties, shall be mutually restored to the power wh(jsc territory 
they concern. 

If a document of this kind be of common interest, the party 
who is in possession of it shall kee\y it, but a certilied and le- 
galised copy shall be given to the other. 

Ddivery of Acts of Government, Mortgage Books, and DeaU, 

Art. XXXVII. The Acts of Administration shall be separated ; 
each of the Contracting Parties shall receive the pait which con- 
cerns his States. 

103 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA AND BUSSLA [No. 12 

[Poland.] 

The same rule shall be observed with regard to Mortgage 
Books and Deeds. In the case provided for in the preceding 
Article, a legalised copy shall be given. 

Appointment of Commission to Construct Map of New Frontier. 

Art. XXXVIII. A Military and Civil Commission shall be 
immediately appointed, to construct an exact Map of the new 
frontier, annexing the topographical description thereto, to place 
the boundary posts, and describe' the angles of its situation, so 
that in no case the least doubt, dispute, or difficulty may arise, if, 
in the course of time, it should be wished to replace a boundaiy 
mark, destroyed by any accident. 

Continuation of Contract for Salt. 

Art. XXXIX. It is agi-eed between the two High Contracting 
Parties, that the contract for the purchase of 500,000 quintals of 
Salt, shall be mutually binding, for the term of five years ; at the 
end of which period it may be renewed, on the conditions which 
shall then be agreed upon. 

Delivery of Provinces to Austria, 

Art. XL. Immediately' after the ratification of the present 
Treaty, the necessary orders shall be sent to the commanders of 
troops, and the competent authorities, for the evacuation of the 
Provinces which are restored to His Majesty the Emperor of 
Austria, and for the restitution of the coimtry, to Commissioners, 
who shall be appointed for this purpose ; and this evacuation shall 
be effected so that it may be completed in six weeks, dating from 
the day of the exchange of the Ratification 3 of the present 
Treaty. 

Ratifications, 

Art. XLI. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations exchanged in six days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the seals of their arms. 

Done at Vienna, the ||f^ of the year of Our Lord 1815. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE RASOUMOFFSKY. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICE. 



104 



No. 13] PBUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] * 



No. 13. — TREATY between Prussia and Hussia, relating 
to Poland.* Signed at Vienna, ^J^tAprn^ jgis. 



[This Treaty formed Annex II to the Vienna Congress Treaty 
of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. TabjjE. 

Preamble. Peace of Earope and tranquillity of Nations. DefinitiTO 
Arrangement respecting Duchj of Warsaw. Equilibrium and Balance 
of Power establiahed at Congreaa of Vienna. 

1. Part of Duchj of Warsaw to be possessed bj Prussia as Grand Duchy 

of Posen, 

2. Cracow declared to be a Free, Neutral, and Independent Town under 

the Protection of Austria^ Prussia^ and Russia. 

3. Part of Duchy of Warsaw to be united to Russia. T^tle of King of 

Poland to be borne by the Czar. Poles to receive Bepresentative and 
National Institutions. 

4. Emigration. Liberty to Inhabitants of separate Countries to dispose of 

their Property and withdraw. 

5. General Amnesty in Poland. 

6. Sequestrations to be removed. Prosecutions to be Annulled. 

7. Exceptions to the preceding Article on Confiscations. 

8. Becognition of Bight of Mixed Subjects to Property. 

9. Choice of Domicile to bd made within a year. 

10. Guardians to make Declarations for Minors. 

11. Neglect of Declaration within prescribed time. 

12. Power of Mixed Proprietor to Change Domicile within Eight Years. 

13. Bight of Mixed Proprietor to retain Pro^x^rty in States of a Sovereign 

of whom he is not a Subject. 

14. Extent of Privilege of retaining Property. 

15 1 

16 r Bight to dispose of Property by Will, &c. 

17. Freedom of Transit of Mixed Proprietors. 

18. Treatment of Proprietors of Estates divided by Frontier. 

19. Privileges of Shepherds and Drovers. 

20. Decisions in Cases of Drffc^nce. 

21. Sovereignty of Mills, Manufactories, or Foundries in States bordering on 

Bivers. 

22. Freedom of Navigation of Bivers and Canals of Ancient Poland, 1772, 

and of communication by them with Port of Konigsberg. 

• By a Bussian Manifesto of ^Jth February, 1832, the Kingdom of 
Poland was declared to be perpetually united to the Bussian Empire, and to 
f<^rm an integral part thereof. The Britbh Government protested against 
this Manifesto on the 3rd July, 1832, as being an infraction of the Vienna 
Congress Treaty. 

105 



3 Kaji 1815.] PBUSSU AND BUSSIA. [No. 13 

[Polaad,] 

Abt. Tablb. 

23. Rivert, Common right of Towage and Landing. 

24. Rivers, Single duty on Riyers and Canals. 

25. Rivers. Abolition of SU^sle and other Duties. 

26. Local Bights and PriTileges of Towns and Ports. 

27. Appointment of Consuls and Commercial Agents. 

28. Freedom of Trade between Polish Provinces of 1772 in respect of Pro- 

duce and Manu&otures. Tariff. Certificates of Origin. 

29. Freedom of Transit in Ancient Poland. 

30. Freedom of Transit. Import Duties. 

31. Regulations and Division of Debts of Republic of Poland and Duchy of 

Warsaw. 

32. Table of Sums to be paid to Prussia by Russia and by Duchy of Warsaw^ 

in consequence of Conrention of 1797, and of Treaty of THsU of 1807. 
83. Reimbursement of Debts by Warsaw to Prussia, 

34. Prussia to provide three-tenths of New Debts of Warsaw. 

35. Russian share of Old Debts of the Duchy. 

36. Commission of Accounts at Warsaw, 

87. Nomination of Committee by Commission of Accounts at Warsaw. 

38. Delivery of Documents, Maps, &c. 

39. Delivery of Documents, Maps, &c. 

40. Restitution of Depdts placed in Security at KOnigsherg during the War 

of 1806, according to Convention of 1810. 

41. Construction of Map of new Frontier. 

42. Eyacuation and Delivery of Territories. 

43. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamhle, ' 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, and His Majesty 
the King of Prussia, animated with the desire of cementing more 
closely the ties of friendship which have united their arms and 
their subjects in a difficult and sanguinary war, the sacred object 
of which was to restore peace to Europe and tranquility to 
nations, have judged it expedient, in order to fulfil their imme- 
diate engagements, and to put an end to all uncertainties, to fix 
definitely, by a solemn Treaty, everything which concerns the 
arrangements relative to the Duchy of Warsaw ; as well as to 
settle the state of affairs resulting therefrom, by combined nego- 
tiations, founded upon the principles of a just Balance of Power 
and division of forces, discussed and agreed upon at the Congress 
of Vienna. 

* For French version see " State Papers/' toL ii, p. 66. 

106 



No. 13] FBUSSLi AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

The national spirit, the advantages of commerce, the arrange- 
ments which may restore stability to the administration, regularity 
in the finances, public and individual prosperity in the provinces 
recently obtained, have all been taken into consideration, and 
their Imperial and Royal Majesties, in order to complete this 
salutary work, to settle and fix definitely the limits of their 
States, to agree on all the stipulations which can insure their 
happiness, have named for their Plenipotentiaries, viz. : 

His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, the Sieur 
Andrew, Count de Rasoumoffsky, His Privy Councillor, and Ilis 
First Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. ; 

And His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince Uardenberg, 
His Chancx^llor of State, His First Plenipotentiary at the Con- 
gress, &c. ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, and found 
them in good and due form, have agreed on the following 
Articles: these Articles having been negotiated in common with 
the Treaties between Russia, Austria, and Prussia respectively, 
are inserted in all their form and tenor, excepting the modifica- 
tions which are contained in that concluded with His Imperial 
and Royal Apostolic Majesty, occasioned by the particular state 
of affairs. 

Fart of Duchj of Warsaw to he jiossessed hy Frussia as Grand 

Duchy of Posen. 

Art. I. (Embodied in Vieima Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. II.) 

Cracoiv declared to he a Free, Neutral, and Indejieyident Town 
under the Frotectlon of Austria, Frussia, and Russia. 

Art. II. (Embodied in Vieima Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. VI.) 

Fart ofDucliy of Warsaw to he united to Russia. Title of King of 
Poland to he home hy tlie Czar. Poles to receive Representa- 
tive and National Institutions. 

Art. in. (Embodied in Vieima Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 

Art. I.) 

Emigration. Liberty to Inhahiiants of separate Countries to dispose 

of their Property and withdraw. 
Art. IV. If the Inhabitants and Landed Proprietors of the 
countries which have been separated in consequence of the pi*e- 

107 



3 May, 1815.] PBUSSIA and RUSSIA. [No. 18 

[Polasid.] 

sent Treaty, wish to settle under another government, they 
shall be at liberty, during six years, to dispose of their property, 
moveable or immoveable, of whatever nature it may be, to sell it, 
to quit the country, and to remove the produce thereof, either in 
specie or other description of money, without any impediment or 
deduction whatever. 

Pola/nd. Oeneral Amnesty, 
Akt. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art XI.) 

Poland. Sequestrations to be removed. Prosecutions to be an/nulled. 
Akt. VI. (Embodied m Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art XII.) 

Poland, Exceptions to the preceding Article respecting Confiscations. 
Art. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27). 
as Art XIII.) 

Becognition of right of mixed Subjects to Property. 

Air. VIII. The quality of a Subject, of the two Governments, 
with regard to property, shall be acknowledged and confirmed. 

Choice of Domicile to be made xoithin a year. 

Art. IX. Every individual possessing property under more 
than one Grovemmeut is required, iu the course of a year, dating 
from the day of the ratification of the present Treaty, to declare, 
in writing, before the magistrate of the nearest town, or the com- 
mander of the nearest district, or before the nearest civil 
authority in the country which he has chosen to reside in, the 
place where he shall have fixed upon for his settled abode. This 
declaration, which the above magistrate or other authority shall 
transmit to the superior authority of the province, renders him, as 
to his person and his family, exclusively the subject of the Sove- 
reign in whose states he has fixed his said residence. 

Guardians to make Declarations for Minors. 

Art. X. With regard to Minors, and other persons under the 
care of guardians, such guardians shall be compelled to make the 
necessary declaration at the time prescribed. 

Neglect of Declaration within prescribed time. 

Art. XI. If an individual, possessing property under both 

108 



No. 18] FBUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

Governments, shall have neglected, at the expiration of the said 
term of one year, to make the declaration of his fixed abode, 
he shall be considered as being the subject of the Power in whose 
states he last resided, his silence in this case being considered a 
tadt declaration. 

Tower ofvnixed Froprietor to change Domicile within ei^ht years, 

Abt. XII. Every individual possessing property under both 
(Jovemments, having once declared his place of abode, shall, 
nevertheless, retain during the term of eight years, dating from 
the day of the ratification of the present Treaty, the liberty of 
settling under another Government, upon making a new declara- 
tion of his abode, and upon producing the permission of the 
Power under whose Grovemmeut he wishes to settle. 

Ba^M of mixed Proprietor to retain Property in States of a Sove- 

reign of whom he is not a SithjecL 

Abt. XIII. Any individual possessing property, and circum- 
stanced as above, who has made his declaration of abode, or 
who is considered as having made it, conformably to the stipula- 
tions of Article XI, is not obliged to sell, at any period whatever, 
the property which he may possess in the states of a Sovereign 
of whom he is not a subject He shall enjoy, with regard to this 
property, all the rights which attach to possession. He shall be 
allowed to expend the revenues thereof in the country where he has 
chosen his residence, without being subject to any drawback at 
the time of exportation, and he may dispose of the said posses- 
sions, and remove the value thereof, without any impediment 
whatever. 

Extent of Privilege of retaining Property, 

Art. XrV. The privileges mentioned in the preceding Article 
extend solely to tlie property which such individual may possess 
at the time of the ratification of the present Treaty. 

Acquisition of Property hy Inheritance, §cc. 

Art. XV. The same privileges are, however, attached to every 
acquisition made under either Government by reason of inherit- 
ance, marriage, or gift of an est^tte, which at the date of the 
ratification of the present Treaty shall finally belong to a possessor 
under both Governments. 

109 



3 May, 1815.] PBUSSIA AKD BUSSU. [No. 13 

[Polasid.] 

AcquimMon of Property hy Inheritance, 8fc, 

Art. XVI. Should any individual, previously possessing pro- 
perty under one Government only, become entitled, by inheritance, 
legacy, gift, or marriage, to any property under the other 
Government, he shall be considered as a possessor under both 
Governments, and shall be required to declare his place of abode 
in the prescribed term of a year. This term shall be dated from 
the day on which he shall have produced the legal proofs of his 
new acquisition. 

Freedom of Transit of mixed Proprietors, 

Art. XVII. Any individual possessing property under both 
Governments, or his agent, shall be at liberty, at all times, to 
proceed from one of his possessions to the other ; and it is the 
pleasure of the two Courts that the Governor of the nearest pro- 
vince shall grant the necessary passports for this purpose, on 
application of the parties. These passports shall be deemed suflS- 
cient authority for passing from one Government to the other, 
and shall be mutually respected. 

Treatment of Proprietors of Estates divided hy Frontier, 

Art. XVIII. Possessors whose Estates are divided by the 
frontier, shall be treated, in regard to such possessions, on the 
most liberal principles. 

Possessors under both Governments, their servants and 
tenants, shall have the liberty of passing and repassing, with 
their implements of husbandry, their cattle, utensils, &c., from 
one part of the estate, thus separated by the frontier, to the other, 
the difference of sovereignty being no impediment thereto; as 
well as of removing from one place to the other their haiTests, all 
productions of the soil, their cattle, and all manufactured articles, 
without passports, molestation, rent or impost, or duty whatever. 
This favour, however, shall be limited to articles of growth or of 
industry in the territory thus separated by the line of demarca- 
tion. It shall likewise extend to such lands only as belong to the 
same individual, in the defined distance of a mile (15 to a degree) 
on each side of the frontier line. 

Privileges of Shepherds and Drovers. 

Art. XIX. The Shepherds and Drovers, subjects of both 
Powers, shall continue to enjoy the rights, immunities, and privi- 

110 



Ho. 13] PBX7SSIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Polmad.] 

leges which were formerly granted to them ; nor shall any obstacle 
be thrown in the way of the djuly communications between the 
inhabitants of the borders (Oranz-Verkehr). 

Decmona in eases of Difference, 

Art. XX. The Domiciliary Coml shall likewise decide Differ- 
ences which may arise between any individual and the Governor 
of those Territories, but it is the Chief Court of the Territory 
wherein the Property in litigation is situated which shall cause 
the sentence emanating from the former Court tp be put in 
execution. 

This Regulation shall be in force for the term of ten years, at 
the expiration of which the two High Powers reserve to them- 
selves the right of making any other Regulation that may be 
necessary. 

Sovereignty of Mills, Manufactories, or Foundries in States 

hordering on Rivers, 

Art. XXI. The sovereignty of Mills, Manufactories, or Found- 
ries, established upon a River constituting the Frontier line, shall 
be exercised by the Sovereign of the Territory in which the village 
or place shall be situated, to which such establishment may 
belong. 

In the event of their constituting private property, the Com- 
missioners who shall be charged with the demarcation of the line 
of frontier shall determine, according to locality and the principles 
of equity, what shall be proper, as to the sovereignty. 

It is expressly understood that new establishments of this de- 
scription shall not be formed without the mutual consent of the 
Governments of the respective States bordering on the Rivers. 

Freedom of Navigation of Rivers and Canals of Ancient Toland, 

Art. XXII. *The Navigation of all Rivers and Canals in all 
parts of ancient Poland (as it existed in the year 1772) along 
their whole extent, as far as their mouths, as well in going up as 
in coming down, whether those Rivers be navigable at present or 
become so in future, as well as Canals which may be hereafter 
cut, shall be free, so as not to be interdicted to any inhabitant of 

• See Yieima Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XI7. 

Ill 



3 Hay, 1815.] PBUSSIA AND BUSSIA. Qfo. 13 

[Poland.] 

the Polish provinces under the Russian and Prussian Oovem- 
ments. 

The same principles established in favour of the subjects of 
the two High Powers shall apply to the trade they carry on ; it 
being understood that they refer to those parts only at w&ich 
they may arrive by the said Streams, Rivers, .and Canals, or by 
the Haff, in order to enter the port of Konigsberg. 

Bivers. Common Bight of Towage and Landing. 

Abt. XXI IL *The Tonnage and Towage Duties on the banks 
of Streams, Rivers, and Canals shall be le\ied equally on the sub- 
jects of the two Powers. 

Boatmen shall nevertheless conform to the regulations of the 
police with regard to the interior navigation. 

Rivers, Single Duty on Rivers and Canals, 

Art. XXIV. ♦In order to secure still further the freedom of 
navigation, and to remove every obstacle thereto for the future, 
the two High Contracting Parties agree to establish only one 
kind of duty on navigation, levied according to the burthen, the 
tonnage, or the lading of the vessel. Commissioners shall be 
respectively appointed to regulate this duty, which shall be 
levied at a very moderate rate, to be applied solely to the keep- 
ing the Rivers and Canals in a navigable state. This duty, 
once approved by the two Courts, cannot again be altered but 
by common consent The same rule shall be observed with 
regard to the Boards which are to setde the collection of those 
duties. The rate thus established shall be collected on the terri- 
tory of each of the two Contracting Powers, on their respective 
account. If, however, either of the two Contracting Powers 
should cut, at their own expense, a new Canal, the subjects of 
His Prussian Majesty shall never be liable to higher duties on 
navigation than those of His Majesty the Emperor of all the 
Russias. 

In this respect both the parties shall be placed u|>on a perfect 
equality. 

Rivers. Abolition of Stable and other Duties, 

Art. XXV. ♦In consequence of the principle laid down in the 
preceding Article, all oppressive duties of Entrepdt, of Staple, of 

• See Vienna CongreM Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Art. XIV. 

112 



No. 13] PRUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

breaking bulk, and others of a like natare, which may have been 
iDJnrioos to the free navigation of the said Elvers and Canals, 
shall be for ever abolished throaghout their whole extent 

Local BigJUs and Privileges of Towns and Ports, 

Abt. XXVI. With regard to the Rights and Privileges of certain 
Towns and Ports, which might affect the rights of Properly, and 
which would consequently be contrary to the principles recipro- 
cally adopted, it has been agreed that they shall be examined by 
a Board of Commissioners, appointed by the two Courts, to de- 
termine which shall be abolished, and to give that freedom and 
activity to commerce which is necessary to its prosperity. 

The Commissioners for this purpose shall be nominated forth- 
with, and their operations shall be completed and approved six 
months, at latest, after the date of the ratification of the present 
Treaty. 

Appointment of Consuls and Commercial Agents, 

Abt. XXVII. Each Power shall be at Hberty to accredit to 
the other. Consuls, or Commercial Agents, on condition, however, 
that they shall be recognized according to the usual forms. 

freedom of Trade between Polish Provinces of 1772 in respect of 

Produce and Manufactures, 

Art. XXVIII. In order to promote Agriculture as much as 
possible in all parts of ancient Poland, to encourage the Industry 
of its inhabitants, and to insure their prosperity, the two Iligh 
Contracting Parties have agreed, that their paternal and beneficent 
views in this respect may be clearly understood, that the most 
unlimited circulation, for the future and for over, of all articles of* 
growth and industry, shall be permitted throughout their Polish 
provinces (as it existed in 1772). The Commissioners appointed 
to make the arrangements, conformable to the stipulations of 
Article XXVI, shall likewise determine, in the prescribed term of 
six months, the Tariff of Duties on the import and export of all 
articles of produce and manufacture in the above-mentioned pro- 
vinces. This duty shall not exceed 10 per cent., which is to be 
levied on the value of th(^ merchandise at the place of its depar- 
ture. If the two Courts should think proper respectively to esta- 
blish a duty on the importation of grain, it shall be fixed at the 
most moderate rate by the said Commissioners, according to the 

113 I 



3 Hay, 1815.] PBUSSIA AND RUSSIA. [Mo. 13 

[Poland.] 

instractions which shall be given them. In order to prevent 
foreigners profiting by the arrangements made in favour of the 
provinces above mentioned, it is determined that aU articles, the 
produce thereof, which shall pass from one territory to the other, 
shall be accompanied with the certificate of origin, without which 
they shall not be allowed to enter. In case the Consul should be 
at too great a distance to grant one, that of the magistrate of the 
place shall be sufficient. 

Freedom of Transit in Ancient Poland. 

Art. XXIX. The Transit of merchandise shall be perfectly free 
in all parts of ancient Poland, and shall be subject to the most 
moderate duties. The Commission mentioned in Articles XXYI 
and XXVII shall determine the mode by which the value shall be 
ascertained, and shall consider of the most certain means of pre« 
venting all delay in passing the Custom-houses, or any kind of 
impediment whatever. 

Freedom of Transit Import Duties, 

Art. XXX. The stipulations agreed upon in the above-men« 
tioned Articles, relative to Commerce and Navigation, shall not 
be partially applied ; consequently, up to the period (which shall 
not exceed six months) in which the above-mentioned Commission 
shall have completed their labours, the Navigation shall continue 
on the same footing as latterly. With regard to the Import 
Trade, each Government shall adopt, during the interval, such 
measures as may be judged most expedient. 

Begulations and Division of Debts of BepuhUc of Poland and Duchy 

of Warsaw, 

Abt. XXXI. The particular attention of the two High Courts 
has been directed towards the regulations concerning Debts, and 
the fixing of the proportions which each of the Contracting Powers 
shall bear in a transaction on which depend the interest of indi- 
viduals, tharegularity of the finance, and the execution of Treaties. 
It has therefore been resolved to proceed with that precision 
which such arrangements require ; and to distinguish them ; viz., 
into Old Debts, those of King Stanislaus Augustus, and of the 
former Republic; and, into new ones, those of the Duchy of 
Warsaw. 

114 



Ho. 18] PBUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[PolMidL] 

Table of Sums to he paid to Prussia hy Bussia and hy Ihiehy of 

Warsaw, 

Art. XXXIL With regard to the first class, all such Debts as 
are to be liquidated by Prussia, in virtue of the Treaty of 1797,* 
haying been converted into Bonds of the Maritime Society, known 
by the name of Recognizances, and His Majesty being willing 
to become responsible for the total amount of those Bonds, with 
their interest, the security which the Duchy of Warsaw (under 
the guarantee of the Emperor of all the Russias) is to afford to 
Prussia with regard to the principal, has been regulated, as well 
with respect to capital as interest, in the Table A. It has been 
determined, in consequence, that the regulations contained in that 
Table should be considered as having the same validity as if they 
had been inserted, word for word, in the present Article. The 
Table has, for this reason, been signed separately, and the sum 
total which thereby accrues to Prussia, shall be reimbursed to 
that Power in eight equal annual payments, with an interest at 
the rate of 4 per cent., it being understood that the instalments 
shall be regulated in such manner, that no compound interest 
shall be pmd. The first payment shall be made 12th (24th) June, 
1816. 

The High Contracting Powers having, however, taken into 
consideration the actual state of affairs, and the new efforts which 
the circumstances may require, have agreed, that if peace be not 
re-estabhshed at the above-mentioned period, the first payment is 
to be deferred, and the others progressively, according to the 
rule laid down, until the time when the troops of the respective 
Powers shall have returned to their homes. 

Beimhursement of Debts hy Warsaw to Prtissia. 

Art. XXXIII. The DuQhy of Warsaw shall be at liberty to 
reimburse Prussia, for the capital and interest, as settled in the 
aforesaid Table, either in Bonds of the Maritime Society, called 
Recognizances, in such bills as may sapply the place of these 
Recognizances, or in specie ; and in the latter case. His Prussian 
Majesty consents to a discount of 10 per cent. 

This discount, however, is not to be taken on payment of the 
current interest, which may nevertheless be discharged, in paper 
currency. (Coupons courants.) 

• SMTiMiaftCoiigreMTrMtjof 9Ui Jniie^l816»Art.Xiy. 

115 I 2 



3 May, 1815.] PBUSSIA AND EUSSLL [No. 13 

[PdUnd.] 

Prussia to provide Three-tenths of New Debts of Warsaw, 

Abt. XXXIV. With respect to the New Debts of the Dtichy 
of Warsaw, His Prussian Majesty undertakes to provide for them 
in the proportion of thi-ee-tenths ; it being understood that the 
Court of Prussia shall participate in the interest which may 
accrue on their liquidation, in the same proportion. 

Russian Share of Old Debts of the Duchy. 

Art. XXXV. The quota which His Majesty the Emperor of 
All the Russias engages to provide for the Old Debts of the Duchy 
of Warsaw, being specified in the Table B, the regulations con- 
tamed therein shall be considered as having the same validity as 
if they were inserted in the present Article, and the Russian 
Imperial Treasury shall pay, without delay, to the Prussian 
Government, the amount which shall appear in this Table, in the 
same order, by the same instalments, and bearing the same inte- 
rest, as is stipulated and agreed upon for the reimbursements to 
be made from the Treasury of the Duchy of Warsaw, under the 
guarantee of His Imperial Majesty ; so that the said Duchy shall 
not be charged, on the part of Prussia, with a greater sum than 
18,57d,952f^ Polish florins. 

Commission of Accounts at Warsaw. 

Abt. XXXVI. Immediately after the signature of the present 
Treaty, a Commission shall be named, which shall assemble at 
Warsaw. It shall be composed of a proper number of Commis- 
sioners and clerks : its object shall be — 

1. To prepare an exact Balance of what is due by Foreign 
Governments. 

2. To regulate reciprocally between the Contracting Parties 
the Demands arising from their respective Claims. 

8. To settle the Claims of Subjects upon their Goveniments. 
In fine, to adjust whatever relates to subjects of this nature. 

Nomination of Committee by Commission of Accounts at Warsaw, 

Abt. XXXVII. As soon as the Commission mentioned in the 
preceding Article shall have assembled it shall name a Committee, 
for the purpose of proceeding immediately to the necessary 
arrangements for the restitution of all Seciunties, whether con- 
sisting of money, or in Deeds and Documents, which the oubjecta 
of one of the Contracting Parties may have given, and which 

116 



Ho. 18] PEUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1816. 

[Poland.] 

may be in the States of the other. The same rule shall be 
observed in all law or other offices, which may have been trans- 
ferred from one province to the other. They shall be restored to 
the jurisdiction of the (Governments to which they belong. 

Delivery of Documents, Maps, ^c. 

Art. XXXVni. All Documents, Plans, Maps, or Deeds what- 
ever, which may be found in the Archives of either of the Con- 
tracting Parties, shall be mutually restored to the Power whose 
territory they concern. 

If a document of this kind be of a common interast, the party 
who is in possession of it shall keep it, but a certified and legalised 
copy thereof shall be given to the other. 

Delivery of Documents, Maps, ^c. 

Art. XXXIX. Acts of the Administration shall be separated. 
Each of the Contracting Parties shall receive the part which con- 
cerns his States. 

The same rule shall be observed with regard to books and 
deeds concerning Mortgages. In the case provided for in the 
above Article, a legalised copy shall be given. 

Restitution of Depots jplaced in Security at Konigsherg during the 

War. 

Art. XL. If the restitution of the different kinds of Depots 
which, during the war of 1806, were placed in security at Konigs- 
herg by Prussian Officers, has not yet been effected, it shall take 
place forthwith, according to the principles established by the 
Convention of the 10th of September, 1810,* and conformably to 
what has been settled in the Conferences of the respective Com- 
missioners who have discussed this subject at Warsaw. 

Construction of Map of New Frontier, 

Art. XLI. A Military and Civil Commission shall be imme- 
diately appointed, to construct an exact Map of the new Frontier, 
annexing the topographical description thereto, to place the 
boundary posts, and describe the angles of its situation, so that 
in no case the least doubt, dispute, or difficulty may arise, if, in 
the course of time, the replacing of a boundary mark, destroyed 
by any accident, should be disputed. 

* See Appendix. 
117 



3 May, 1816.] ratJEB3IA AOT) BTJBfilA. [Ho. 18 

[Poland.] 

Evacuation and Delivery of TerrUones, 

Abt. XLII. Immediately after the ratification of the present 
Treaty, the necessary orders shall be sent to the commanders of 
troops in the Duchy of Warsaw, as well as to the competent 
authorities, for the evacuation of the provinces which are restored 
to His Prussian Majesty, and for the restitution of the country 
to the Commissioners who shall be appointed for that purpose. 
And this evacuation shall take place so as to be completed in 
21 days. 

Batf^icaiwiu. 

Art. XLIII. The present Treaty shaD be ratified, and the 
Ratifications shall be exdianged in six days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the same, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 11^^^ of the year of Our Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) The COUNT DE RASOUMOPPSKY. 
(L.S.) The PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 



TABLES ANNEXED TO PRECEDING TREATY. 



(A.) Sums to be provided by the Treasury of the Duchy of Warsaw. 

Table relating to Artiole XXXU. 

The portion of tbe Old Debts of tbe Xing and of tbe Bepublio of Poland, 
wbicb, in conBequenco of the Conyention of 1797, Fruseia bad taken upon 
herself, on account of her acquisitions in the two last divisions, and on the 
amount of which it had issued Bonds known under the name of Becognizancee, 

amounts to 27,266,666{ 

Of this total Prussia is still chargeable, on account of a part 
of the said acquisitions which she retains 10,000,000 

Remainder of capital to be reimbursed to Prussia 17,266,666{ 

The interest on the above total part from the 9th July, 1807 
(date of the Treaty of Tilsit) up to the 9th April, 1815, conse- 
quently for 7 years and 9 months, during which Prussia was 
deprired of her Possessions in Poland, at the rate of 4 per cent. 

per annum, amounting to 8,462,666 

Prussia taking charge of -^ths of these arrears of 
interest, which are considered as New Debts of the 
Duchy, a discount must be made on the total of 

arrears of 2, 685,799 

118 



Ho. 18] PBUSSIA AND EUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

Bemainder to be reimbursed to Pruaeia on ac- 
count of arrears of interest 5,916,867 



Total that the Duchy is to reimburse to Prussia 

Florins of Poland. .. . 28,188,533| 

But His Majesty the Emperor of All the Bussias, having 
undertaken, by virtue of Article XXXV of the present Treaty, 
to reimburse from His Imperial Boyal Treasury the part with 
which Hia Imperial Majesty is charged, according to the Table 
relating to Article XXXV, in the sum of 4,609,58aj?ir 



The Treasury of the Duchy of Warsaw only remains 
chargeable with Florins of Poland. . . . 18,573,962|J 

Vienna, 8rd May, 1815. 

LE COMTE DE BASOUMOFFSKY. 

LE PBINCE DE HABDENBEBa. 



(B.) Sums to he provided by the Imperial Hussion Treasury. 

Table relating to Article XXXV. 

The portion of the Old Debts of the King and of the Bepublic of Poland, 
which His Majesty the Emperor of All the Bussiaa undertakes to discharge, 
on account of the acquisition of Bialystook, equivalent to -^th of the original 
Debt of 27,266,666} Polish florins, chargeable to Prussia, in accordance with 
the Convention of 1797, the sum to be provided on that account by the 
Bussian Treasury is therefore 2,272,222^ 

Arrears of Interest on that sum at 4 per cent., dating from 
the Peace of Tilsit (9th July, 1807), that is to say for 7 years 
and 9 months 704,388 

The Duchy of Warsaw having been administered on account 
of Bussia since the mouth of November, 1812, that is to say, for 
two years and 4 months, His Majesty the Emperor engages to 
provide on that account direct from the Imperial Treasury, instead 
of from that of the Duchy of Warsaw, for that period -^ths of 
the interest of the capital of 24,994,444/^ of Polish florins which 
remained chargeable to the Duchy, on account of the acqui- 
sitions made by the Treaty of Tilsit ; which amounts to 1,632,970]^ 

Total— florins of Poland 4,609,580^ 

Vienna, 8rd May, 1815. 

LE COMTE DE BASOUMOFFSKY. 
LE PBINCE DE HABDENBEBa. 



119 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSU. [No. 14 

[Independanoe, dto., of Oraoow.] 



No. \^— ADDITIONAL TREATY between Austria, 
Prussia^ and Russia^ relative to Cracow.* Signed at Vienna, 

21it AT»m ^Q^f, 
SrdlUy' -lOlO. 



[This Treaty formed Annex III to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 

9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Table. 

1. Craeow declared to be a Free, Neutral, and Independent Town under the 

Protection of Austria, Prussia, and Russia. 

2. Boundaries of the Territory of Cracow, 

8. Pririleges granted to Podgorte. Austrian right of Sorereigntj orer 
Podgorte. Neutrality of Cracow. 

4. Facilities to Commerce of Cracow on the Vistula. 

5. Mixed Commission to mark Boundaries. 

6. Neutrality to be respected by Austria, Prussia, and Russia. 

7. Guarantee of Constitution of Cracow. Commissioners to act in concert 

with Committee of Cracow. Labours of Committee. 

8. Non-establishment of Custom-houses. Levy of Barrier and Bridge Tolls. 

9. General TaritT of Tolls on Bridges and Roads. Currency. 

10. Rights and Obligations of Mixed Subjects to be extended to Poles in 

Treaties. General Amnesty, and Liberty of Commerce and Navigation 
to Craoowians. Free passage into Cracow of Firewood, &c. 

11. Revision of Duties and Rents payable by Peasants to Clergy and State. 

12. Postal Arrangements. Commission to Regulate Postage. 

13. Disposal of National Property. 

14. Non-contribution towards Debts of Ghrand Duchy of Warsaw. 

15. Confirmation of Privileges and Property of Academy. Period of Ad- 

mission of Poles of neighbouring Provinces of Cracow. 

16. Confirmation of Establishments, and Property of Bishopric, Chapter, 

and Clergy of Cracow. Revision of Application of Revenues to Public 
Education and support of inferior Clergy. 

17. Non-Extension of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of Cracow to Austrian and 

Prussian Territories. Nomination of the Bishop of Cracow by the 
Emperor of Russia. 

18. Deposit of Treaty and Constitution among Arehives of Cracow. 

19. Ratifications. ' 



* By a Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Russia, of the 6th November, 
1846, the Independent existence of the Free City of Cracow was put an 
end to, and tlie City and its Territory were inoor[)oratod with the Austrian 
Dominions. The British Government protested against this infraction of 
the Yienna Congress Treaty, on the 23rd November, 1846. The French 
Government also protested against it, on the 8rd December, 1846. 

120 



Ho. 14] AtrSTEIA, PBUSSIA, AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Indapezidanoo, dto., of Oraoow.] 

(Translation, as laid before Parliament*). 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and 
Bohemia, His Majesty the King of Prussia, and His Majesty the 
Emperor of All the Russias, wishing to give effect' to that Article 
of their respective Treaties which relates to the neutrality, the 
liberty and independence of the City of Cracow and of its terri- 
tory, have appointed, to fulfil their benevolent intentions in this 
respect, namely : 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and 
Bohemia, the Sieur Clement Winceslas Lothaire, Prince de 
Mettemich-Winnebourg-Oschenhausen, his Minister of State, of 
Conference and of Foreign Affairs, and his Plenipotentiary at 
the Congress, &c., &c. ; 

ffis Majesty the King of Prussia, the Pi-ince Hardenborg, his 
Chancellor of State, his First Plenipotentiary at the Congress, 
&c., &c. ; 

His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Sieur Andrew 
Count Rasoumoffsky, his Privy Councillor, and his First Plenipo- 
tentiary at the Congress ; who, after having exchanged their full 
powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon, condnded, 
and signed the following Articles : — 

Cracow declared to be a Free^ Neutral^ and Independent Town under 
the Protection of Austria^ Prussia, and Russia, 

Art. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art VI.) 

Boundaries of the Territoi'y of Cracow, 

Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. VII.) 

Privileges granted to Podgorze, Austrian right of Sovereignty over 

Podgorze, Neutrality of Cracow. 
Art. Ill (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. VIII.) 

Fadlities to Commerce of Cracow on the Vistula, 

Art. IV. In pursuance of this concession. His Imperial and 
Royal Apostolic Majesty has determined to grant permission for 
the City of Cracow to extend its bridges over to the right bank of 

• For French rersion see " State Papers," rol. ii, p. 74. 

121 



3 May, 1815.] AUBTBIA, PBUSSIA, AND BUSSIA. Ho. 14 

[Independenee, Ao,, of Oraoow.] 

the Yistola, and to fasten its boats at those places through which 
it has always been in the habit of communicating with Podgorze. 
The city shall be at the expense of repairing the bank, where its 
bridges are anchored or moored. It shall also be at the expense 
of repairing the bridges, as well as the ferry boats provided for 
the season, when a bridge of boats cannot be maintained. 

Should there, however, be any relaxation, neglect, or ill-will 
in the establishment, the three Courts shall, if such facts be 
proved, order such a police, at the charge of the town, as may 
be competent to guard against any abuses of this description in 
future. 

Mixed Commission to mark Boundaries. 

Abt. Y. Inmiediately after the signature of the present 
Treaty, a joint Commission shall be appointed, composed of an 
equal number of commissioners and engineers, to mark out the 
line of demarcation, to place the Boundary-posts, to describe the 
angles and bearings, and to construct a Map containing a local 
description, so that no misunderstanding or doubt may in future 
arise upon these points. The Boundary-posts, describing the 
territory of Cracow, shall be numbered and marked with the arms 
of the Power bordering on that territory, and of those of the free 
city of Cracow. The frontiers of the Austrian territory, opposite 
to that of Cracow, being formed by the Thalweg of the Vistula, 
the Austrian Boundary-posts shall be fixed on the right bank of 
that River. The Circle comprehending the free commercial terri- 
tory of Podgorze shall be pointed out by particular posts, 
marked with the arms of Austria, and bearing the inscription 
" Free Line of Commerce " {Wolnj/ okrag dlahandlu). 

Neutrality of Cracow to he respected hy Austria, Prussia, and 

Russia, 

Art. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art^ IX.) 

Ouaromtee of Constitution of Cracow, 
Art. VII. The Three Courts having approved of a Constitution 
by which the Free City of Cracow and its territory shall be regu- 
lated, and which is annexed to the present Article as an integral 
part thereof, respectively guarantee that Constitution.* They 
moreover engage respectively to appoint a Conmussioner, who 

* S^ Tiexms CongreBs Treaty of 9th June 1816, Art. X 

122 



Ho. 14] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA [3 May, 1815. 

[Independenoe, ike, of Craoow.] 

shall proceed to Cracow, to act in concert with a temporary and 
local commission, composed principally of individuals holding 
public situations, or of persons of character. Each of the three 
Powers shall, for this purpose, make choice of a candidate, either 
from the nobility, the clergy, or the commonalty. Each of the 
Commissioners of the three Courts shall fill the oflBce of Presi- 
dent, alternately, by the week. He who shall first preside shall 
be appointed by ballot, and the President shall enjoy all the 
rights and privileges belonging to that oflSco. 

This Committee shall be employed in laying down the consti- 
tutional bases in question, and shall carry them into effect. It 
shall also have the gift of the first official appointments ; except- 
ing, however, those who may have been appointed to the Senate 
by the High Contracting Parties, who for this time reserve to 
themselves the right of choosing some well-known persons. 

It shall also employ itself in assembling and putting into 
action the new Government of the Free City of Cracow and its 
territory. It shall enter into immediate communication with the 
existing administration, and is authorised to make all such changes 
therein as may be necessary for the public service, so long as 
this temporary state of affairs shall continue. 

Nan-estahliahment of Custom-hotutes, 

Art. VIll. The Constitution of the Free City of Cracow and 
its territory, does not admit of the right, or establishment, of 
Custom-houses. The city is, however, permitted to levy Barrier- 
duties and Bridge-tolls {pontonage). 

Oeneral Tariff of Tolls on Bridges and Roods, 

Art. IX. In order to establish a fixed regulation with regard 
to the Tolls to be collected on the Bridges and Roads of the Free 
City of Crac<3w, which are to be levied in proportion to the 
expense required to keep them in repair, it has been agreed that 
a general tariff shall be made by the Commission specified in 
Article VII. 

This tariff shall only apply to goods, beasts of burthen or of 
draught, and cattle. It shall not apply to individuals, except at 
those times when the passage must be effected by water. 

The toll-houses shall be established on the left bank of the 
Vistula. 

The same Commission shall also agree upon the principles con- 
cerning the Currency. 

123 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA, PRUSSIA, AND BUSSIA. [No. 14 

[Indapendanoey dto., of Oraoow.] 

EiglUs and OhUgations of Mixed Subjects to he extended to Poles in 

Treaties, 

Art. X. All the Rights, Obligations, Advantages, and Privileges 
stipulated by the three High Contracting Parties, in the Articles 
relative to individuals possessing property under different Govern- 
ments, to a general Amnesty, to free Trade and Navigation, are 
equally granted to the Free City of Cracow and its territory. 

In order to facilitate the provisioning the City and Territory of 
Cracow, the three High Courts consent to allow fire-wood, coals, 
and every other article of first necessity, freely to pass and repass 
through the territory of the City of Cracow. 

Bevision of Duties and Rents payable by Peasants to Clergy and 

State, 

Art. XI. A Commission shall regulate the Rights of Property, 
and the rents to be paid by the peasantry on Ecclesiastical and 
Crown Lands, in the manner best calculated to relieve and ame- 
liorate that class of individuals. 

Postal Arra/ngements, Commission to regulate Postage, 

Art. XII. The Free City of Cracow shall preserve for itself 
and upon its territory, the privileges ,of the Post. Each of the 
three Courts, however, shall have the option of establishing 
either their own Post-oflSce at Cracow, for mails proceeding to 
and from their States, or merely to appoint a secretary at the 
Post-ofl5cc at Cracow, to superintend this department. The Post- 
age of foreign letters, and of those of the interior, shajl be settled 
in the regulations to be agreed upon by the Commission mentioned 
in Article VII. 

Disposal of National Property. 

Art. XIII. Whatever may be found in the Free City and 
Territory of Cracow, to have been National Property of the Duchy 
of Warsaw, shall, as such, belong in future to the Free City of 
Cracow. This property shall constitute one of its financial funds, 
and the revenue arising therefrom shall be applied to the support 
of the Academy, to other literary institutions, and principally to 
the improvement of the means of public education. The revenues 
arising from the barrier-duties and bridge-tolls, are, from their 
nature, to be appropriated to keeping the bridges and highways 
in repair ; both in the Free City as well as in the Territory of 

124 



Ho. Id ATJSTBXA, PBTJSSIA, AND BUSSU. [3 May, 1815. 

[Xndependemoe, Aro., of Oraoow.] 

Cracow, the Ooyemment shall be responsible for the execation of 
this part of the public service, so necessar}- to intercourse and 
commerce. 

Non^coniribuHon towards Debts of Grand Duchy of Warsaw. 

Abt. XIV. The revenues of the Free City of Cracow, being so 
regulated that the surplus of the expenses of administration shall 
be appropriated to the purposes mentioned in the preceding 
Article, the City of Cracow shall not be called upon to contribute 
towards the payment of the Debts of the Duchy of Warsaw, and 
on the other hand, it shall have no share in the reimbursements 
which may be made to that Duchy. The inhabitants of Cracow 
shall always be at liberty to submit the arrangement of their 
private claims to the Commission which shall be authorised to 
settle the accounts. 

Confirmation of Privileges and Property of Academy, 

Art. XV.* The buildings and library belonging to the Academy 
of Cracow, its landed property, and mortgaged capital, together 
with all the privileges which it at present enjoys, are hereby 
secured to it. 

Permission shall be granted to the inhabitants of the neigh- 
bouring Polish provinces to repair to that Academy, and to study 
there, as soon as it shall be regulated conformably with the 
intentions of each of the three High Courts. 

Confirmation of EstahlishmcjitSy and Property of Bishopric, Chapter, 

and Clergy of Cracow. 

Art. XVI. The Bishopric of Cracow, and Ihe Chapter of that 
Free City, as well as all the secular and regular clergy, shall be 
continued. The funds, endowments, immoveable effects, rents, 
or collections, which constitute their property, shall be secured to 
them. The Senate, however, shall be at liberty to propose to the 
Assemblies of December, a different mode of expenditure from 
that which may exist, if it shall be proved that the present ap- 
propriation of the revenues, especially with regard to public 
instruction and the distressed situation of the inferior clergy, 
has been conducted in a manner contrary to the intention of the 
founders. In every change to be made, the same formalities 
shall be observed as are usual in respect to the adoption of a law 

of the State.* 

* 

* See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. X 

125 



3 Hay, 1815.] AUSTBIA, PBUSSIA, AKD BUSSIA. [No. 14 

[Indapwidence, dto., of Oraoow.] 

Non^exiension of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of Cracow to Austrian 

and Prussian Territories. 

Art. XVII, As the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the Bishopric 
of Cracow is not to extend to the Austrian and Prussian terri- 
tories, the nomination of the Bishop of Cracow is specially 
reserved to His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, who, 
on this particular occasion, shall make the first nomination agree- 
ably to his own choice. In future, the Chapter and Senate shall 
each have the privilege of recommending two candidates for that 
appointment, from among whom His said Majesty shall select 
the new Bishop. 

Deposit of Treaty and Constituti&n among Archives of Cracow, 

Art. XVIII. A copy of the Articles before mentioned, as like- 
wise of the Constitution which forms a principal part of tuem, 
shall be formally deposited, by the joint Commission designated 
in Article VII, with the Archives of the Free City of Cracow, as a 
permanent proof of the generous principles adopted by the three 
High Powers in favour of the Free City and Territory of Cracow. 

Ratifications, 

Art. XIX. The pi-esent Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations shall be exchanged in six days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the same, and have fixed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 3rd May ^ 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE RASOUMOFFSKT. 



126 



Ho. 15] AUSIBIA,. PBUSSIA, AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Oraoow.] 



No. IS.— CONSTITUTION of the Free City of Cixlcow,^ 

Vienna^ Srd May^ 1815. 

{[This ConstitatioQ formed part of Annex III to the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815 (No. 27), and was Approved and 
Quaranteed by Article VII of the Treaty between Austria, 
Prussia, and Russia, of Srd May, 1815 (No. 14).] 

Abt. Table. 

1. Constitution of the Froe City of Cracow, Boligion of the Country. 

2. Equality of Chrifltian Sects. 
8. Bights of Agriculturists. 

4. Gk>Temment by a Senate. 
6. Bleotion of Senators. 

6. Duration of Office. 

7. Persons eligible as Electors and as Candidates. 

8. Nomination of Public Functionaries by the Senate ; and to Ecclesiastical 

Liyings, with certain exceptions. 

9. Dirision into Communes. 

10. Annual Assembly of Bepresentatires. Duties of LogislatiTe Assembly. 

11. Conpoiition of the Assembly. Election of President from among Dele- 

gates. 

12. Alteration of Laws after consent of Senate. Formation of Civil and 

Criminal Laws, and Procedure. 

13. Power of Senate to postpone Laws. Duration of Annual Law of Finance 

until replaced by another Law. 

14. Arbitration Magistrates of Districts. 

15. Court of First Instance, and Court of AppeaL Powers and Proceedings. 

16. Composition of Supremo Court. 

17. Prooeediogs in open Court, in Civil and Criminal Matters. Decision of 

Juries. 

18. Independence of Judicial Order. 

19. Conditions of eligibility for office of Senator, Judge, or Bepreeentative 

of a Commune. Eligibility of Functionaries previously in Office in 
Duchy of Warsaw. 

20. Polish Language in Acts of Gkvemment, of Legislation, and of Judicial 

Courts. 

21. Inclusion of the Academy in the General Budget. 

22. Municipal Militia for internal security and Police. Gendarmerie for 

security of roads and country. 

* By a Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Bussia, of the 6th November, 
1846, the Independent existence of the Free City of Cracow was put an end 
to, and the City and its Territory were incorporated with the Austrian 
Dominions. The British Gt>vemment protested against this infraction of the 
Vienna CongrsM Treaty, on the 2drd November, 1846. The French Govern- 
ment alio protested against it, on the Srd December, 1846. 

127 



3 May, 1816.] AUSTBU, PEUSSU, AND RUSSIA. [No. 16 

[Oraoow.] 

1. Of the deputies of communes, each electuig one. 

2. Of thi-ee members chosen by the Senate. 

3. Of three prelates, appointed by the Chapter. 

4. Of three doctors of the faculties, appointed by the Uni- 
versity. 

5. Of six magistrates of arbitration, actually in oflSce, who 
shall serve in rotation. The President of the Committee shall be 
chosen from the three members, appointed by the Senate. No 
project of a law, tending to introduce any alteration in an exist- 
ing law or regulation, shall be proposed to the Committee of 
Representatives, unless it shall have been previously communi- 
cated to the Senate, and have received their sanction by a 
majority. 

Alteration of Laws after consent of Senate. Formation of Civil and 

Criminal Laws^ and Procedure. 

Art. XII. The Assembly of Representatives shall employ 
itself in framing a civil and criminal code of laws, and in regu- 
lating the forms of proceeding. They shall appoint without delay 
a Committee to prepare the same, in the framing of which due 
regard shall be had to the local cu'cumstances of the country, 
and to the habits of the people. Two members of the Senate 
shall be attached to this Committee. 

Power of Senate to postpone Laws, Duration of Annual Law of 

Finance until replaced hy another Law. 

Art. XIII. If a law has not received the consent of seven- 
eighths of the Representatives, and if the Senate dedares, by a 
majority of nine votes, that the public interest requires it to be 
submitted again to the consideration of the Legislators, it shaU 
be refen^d a second time to the decision of the Assembly of the 
following year. If it be an object of finance, the law of the 
preceding year shall remain in force until the new law has 
passed. 

Arbitration Magistrates of Districts. 

Art. XIV. The Assembly of Representatives shall appoint a 
Magistrate of Arbitration to every district, consisting of not less 
than 6,000 souls. He shall exercise his ftmctions for three 
years. Besides his duty as Arbitrator, his business shall be to 
watch over the interests of minors, as well as to take cognisance 
of all suits relating to funds and landed property belougmg to 

180 



Ho. 16] AUSTBU, PRUSSU, AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Cfraoow.] 

the State, or to public institutions. Upon all matters referred to 
him in his double capacity, he shall communicate with the 
youngest Senator, whose special duty it shall be to attend to the 
interests of minors, and to actions of law cx)ncerning funds or 
landed property of the State. 

Court of First Instance, ami Court of Appeals Powers and Pro* 

ceediiigs. 

Art. XV. There shall bo a Court of " First Instance,^* and a 
Court of Appeal. Three Judges in the former, and four in the 
latter Court, including their Presidents, shall hold their appoiiit- 
ments for life. The other Judges attached to each of these 
Courts, to the number which local circumstances may require, 
shall depend upon the free election of the communes, and shall 
remain In office no longer than the period specified in the organic 
lawB. These two Courts shall try causes of all descriptions, 
whatever be their nature, or the rank of the parties. If the 
decision of both Courts be alike, no further appeal can be had. 
If their verdicts are essentially at variance, or if the Academy, 
after having examined the written pleadings, declare that there 
is ground for a complaint of a violation of law, or that the 
essential fomiB of proceeding have not been observed in a civil 
cause, as well with regard to sentences inflicting capital or igno- 
mmious punishment, the suit shall again be brought before the 
Court of Appeal ; but in this case, there shall be added to the 
ordinary number of Judges, all the Magistrates of Arbitration 
belonging to the city, and 4 individuals, 2 of whom shall l)o 
chosen by each of the leading parties concerned, from among the 
citizens. Three Judges are necessary to give judgment in the 
First Instance, 5 in the Second, and 7 in the Last Besort. 

Couqwsition of Supreme Court, 

Art. XVI. The Supreme Court appointed to try such causes 
as are referred to in Article X, shall bo composed ; 

1. Of five Representatives, drawn by lot. 

2. Of three Members of the Senate, elected by that asscniM}'. 

3. Of the Presidents of the two Courts of Justice. 

4. Of four Magistrates of Arbitration, in their turn. 

6. Of three citizens, chosen by the public officer brought to 
triaL 

Nine members are necessary to pronounce the sentence. 

131 K 2 



18 May, 1815.] PRUSSIA, Ac., AND SAXONY. [Mo. 16 

[Tttrritorial.l 



No. 16. — TREATY between Prussia (Atistria, Russia) and 
Saxony, Signed at Menna, \ith May^ 1815.* 



[This Treaty formed Annex IV to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 

9th Jane, 1815 (No. 27)]. 

Abt. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. Peace and friendsbip. 

2. CesBionB to Prussia. 

8. Question of property of reridents on frontiers. * Maps and Undmarks. 

4. Titles of King of Prossia. Retention of titles by King of Saatomf, 

5. Eraooation of Saxon territory by Prussian troops. 

6. Settlement of debts, taxes, &c. 

7* Separation of archives, titles, maps, plans, &o., of ceded territories. 
Benunoiation of feudal rights beyond frontiers. 

8. Retention of soldiers in service of their native oountiy. Emigration. 

Option to officers and aliens in ceded territory to choose between 
8ax<m and Prussian services. 

9. Arrangement of debts secured on mortgage. 

10. Arrangement of obligations of Saxon " Central Steuer Commission** 

11. Circulation of Saxon paper money (CassenbiUets), 

12. Settlement of accounts between Saxony and the Cirous of Cotthus, 

13. Prussia and Saxony, Reciprocal Freedom of Emigration. 

14. Appointment of Prussian and Saxon Commissioners to meet at Dresden. 

15. Mediation of Austria in territorial arrangements between Prussia and 

Setxony. 

16. Prussia and Saxony. Property of ReligiouB Establishments. 

17. Regulation for navigation of Rivers ; JSlbe, &o. 

18. Fulfilment of Saxon contracts for fiirming revenues, &c. 

19. Annual supply of Salt by Prussia to Saxony free from export duty. 

20. Exemption of farm and other articles from import and export daties 

respectively. 

21. Prussia and Saxony. General Amnesty in Saxony, 

22. Renunciation by Saxony of all claims upon the Duchy of Warsatp, Re- 

cognition of Sovereign rights of Eussia, Austria, and Prussia, over 
certain parts of Duchy. 

23. Restoration by Saxony of Archives, &c., of Duchy of Warsaw. 

24. Debts of Duchy of Warsaw. 

25. Ratifications. 



^ Similar Treaties were concluded between Austria and Saxony and 
between Russia and Saxony on the same day. Great Britain acceded to this 
Treaty on the 18th September, 1815. See page 145. 

Sec Treaty between Prussia and Saxony of 22nd August, 1866. 

134 



Ho. 16] PBUSSU, Ac, AND SAXONY. [18 May, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Prnanihle. 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

flis Majesty the King of Prussia on the one part, and His 
Majesty the King of Saxony on the other part, animated witli the 
desire of renewing the ties of friendship and good understanding 
which have so happily subsisted between their respective States ; 
and being anxious to contribute towards the re-establishment of 
order and tranquillity in Europe, by carrying into effect the 
territorial arrangements stipulated at the Congress of Vienna; 
their said Majesties have named for their Plenipotentiaries, to 
agree upon, conclude, and sign a Treaty of Peace and Friendship, 
viz. ; 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince Ilardenberg, his 
Chancellor of State, &c. ; 

And the Sienr Charles William, Baron de Humboldt, his 
Muiister of State, Chamberlain, Envoy Extraordmary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to His Imperial and Koyal Apostolic Majesty ; 

And His Majesty the King of Saxony, the Sieur Frederic 
Albert, Count de Schulemburg, his Chamberlain, &c. ; 

And the Sieur Hans Augustus Furchtegott de Globig, his 
Chamberiain, Councillor of the Court and of Justice, and Confi- 
dential Referendary ; 

Who, after having exchanged tlieir full powers, found in due 
form, have agreed upon the following Articles ; 

Peace and Friendship, 

Abt. I. From this day there shall be Peace and Friendship 
between His Majesty the Kling of Prussia on the one part, and 
His Majesty the King of Saxony on the other, their heirs and 
successors, their states and respective subjects, for over. 

Cessions from Saxony io Prussia. 

Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Article XV.) 

Question of Property of Residents itu Frontiers. Maps and Land- 

mnrTcs, 

Art. III. To pi-evcnt all injury of Private Property, and to 
protect, upon the most liberal principles, the property of indi- 

• For French version, sco " State Papers/* vol. ii, p. 84. 

135 



18 May, 1815J PRUSSIA, Ac., AND SAXONY. [Ho. 16 

[Territorial.] 

wholly ceded to Prussia, or remaining under the Crovernment of 
Saxony, sliall be liquidated by the Government to whom the said 
provinces shall belong. His Majesty the King of Prussia, and 
His Majesty the King of Saxony, have established the following 
regulation with regard to those Debts which are to be liquidated 
by the provinces remaining in part to His Majesty the King of 
Saxony, as well as to those which belong to the kingdom in 
general. 

The Debts, for the liquidation of which certain revenues have 
been specially assigned (Funded Debts), either as to capital or 
interest', shall be distinguished from those for which no pro- 
vision has been made. The fonner description of Debts shall 
follow those revenues, so that the proportion in which such 
revenues fall under the dominion of one or other of the two 
(Jovemments shall also be that in which they shall be divided 
between them. With regard to those Debts, for the liquidation 
of which no certain revenues have been assigned (Unfunded 
Debts), the grounds upon which they have been contracted shall 
likewise determine to which fund they ought to have been 
assigned ; that is to say, what portion of the revenues should 
have been applied to the payment of interest and to the reim- 
bursement of the capital. Prussia and Saxony shall contribute 
to their liquidation, according to the share they shall receive of 
these revenues. If, contrary to all expectation, a case should 
arise where it would be impossible to decide upon the exact fund 
to which a particular debt should have been assigned, it shall be 
understood, that out of the total amount of the revenues belong- 
ing to the province, establishment, institution, or fund, for the 
accommodation of which such debt shall have been contracted, the 
same shall be discharged ; and it shall be at the charge of the 
two Governments, in proportion to the part of those revenues 
which each of them may receive. The pledges to be withdrawn 
on the reimbursement of the capital for which they had been held 
as a security, shall return to the province, establishment^ institu- 
tion, or individual, to whom those pledges belonged. Those 
which are the property of a province divided between the two 
Powers, shall be shared according to the proportion which each 
part of such province may have contributed to the liquidation of 
the capital. 

The principles above established conccniing Debts shall likewise 
apply to Credits. 

138 



Fo. 16] PRUSSIA, &c., AlifD BAXONY. 1 18 May, 1816. 

[Torritorlal.] 

Arrangement of OhUgaiions of Haxna " Gent ml St cue r Commisiiimy 

Art. X. His Majesty the King of FiniHsia aud His Majesty 
the King of Saxony, acknowledging the necessity of piuictually 
fulfilling the engagements entered into for the wants and service 
of the kingdom of Saxony by the Commission styled *^ Central 
Stetter Commission^** have agreed, that they shall bo mutually 
gpaaranteed and folfiUed by the two Governments, .in equal 
number of Ckimmissioners shall, therefore, be appointed without 
delay on both sides, to liquidate these Debts, to divide them 
according to the regulation established by Article IX, for 
Public Unfunded Debts, and to settle the mode and |XTiod of their 
payment. 

Each Govemment engages to provide means for the discharge 
of these Debts, reserving, however, to themselves, reciprocally, 
to make these payments, either by arrears of taxes, and the 
fdling of an extra quantity of timber, upon which these payments 
had been secured, or by other measures affording equal security, 
so that the periods of payment, in anticipation of which the 
arrears of taxes and the felling of timber was given, shall bo 
punctually observed. Should, however, the produce of these 
arrears and of this timber prove insufficient to make good these 
stipulated engagements, it is agreed that such produce, as far as 
it concerns the Prussian territory, shall be appropriated, in tho 
first instance, to the discharge of those payments, for which the 
Bank and Maritime Society of Prussia are responsible. If, in 
these payments, it shall be necessary to call upon Saxony to con- 
tribute towards their liquidation, and that, unexpectedly, tho 
produce of the taxes and timber in that part of Saxony which is 
to provide for the same, should bo insuflicient to furnish the two 
above-mentioned establishments with the necessary sums, at the 
time of their becoming due, Pnissia agi'ces to grant a delay for 
their payment till the fair of Leipsic, held on St. Michael's day of 
the present year. With regard to the otlK*r debts, towards the 
payment of which the produce of the tAxes and the felling of 
timber is to be employed. His Majesty the King of Pmssia and 
His Majesty the King of Saxony reserve to themselves, in tho 
event of this produce being inadequate to the object in view, to 
enter into an arrangement, either by an amicable understanding 
with the creditors, or by prolonging the i)eriods of payment, and 
facilitating the means of effecting them. 

139 



18 May, 1816.] PBUSSU, Ac, AND SAXONY. [Ho. 18 

[TerritoriaL] 

nish annually to the Saxon Government, and the latter engages to 
receive, 150,000 quintals of Salt (the quintal calculated at 110 
pounds market weight of Berlin), for a sum which, without 
augmenting the present price paid by Saxon subjects, shall secure 
to His Majesty the King of Saxony a duty as nearly equal as 
possible to that which he received on the sale of each quintal of 
Salt, immediately previous to the last war. 

The Commission which shall assemble in virtue of Article XIV, 
shall regulate, according to this principle, the price of the quintal, 
as also the number of years during which it shall contmue at 
that price ; and at the expiration of such period, a new regulation 
shall be made by common consent, both with regard to the quan- 
tity and the price of the Salt. 

The quantity of 150,000 quintals, sold yearly, may be increased, 
upon the demand of the Saxon Government (of which demand, if 
the increase is to be 50,000 quintals, six months' notice, at least, 
shall be given ; if it shall exceed that quantify, a year's notice) to 
250,000 quintals; which the Prussian Government engages to 
furnish on the same conditions, as the minimum above-mentioned. 
It is understood that, at the expiration of the period agreed upon, 
the minimum of 150,000 quintals shall not, under any circum- 
stances, be reduced at the pleasure of either party, and that the 
principle established respecting the price, by the present Article, 
shall again form the basis of the new regulation. 

The Salt which the Saxon Government shall receive, in virtue 
of the present Article, shall be supplied from the salt-works of 
Durrenberg and Koesen ; and in case the quantity above-men- 
tioned should not be procured from these saJt- works, it shall be 
furnished from the Prussian salt-works nearest to the frontiers of 
Saxony. 

No export duty shall be paid on the Salt which the Prussian 
Government shall furnish to Saxony in virtue of this Article, on 
its conveyance from the works to the frontiers, nor shall any 
other duties whatever be paid thereon, except those levied at the 
barriers, bridges, canals, or locks, than are paid by Prussian 
subjects on the same route, and for the same modes of con- 
veyance. 

Excmpttmi of Fann and oilier Articles from Import and Export 

Duties respectively. 

Art. XX. The exemption from export duties, referred to at 

142 



No. 16] PBUSSIA, Ac., AND SAXONY. [18 May, 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

the conclusiOD of the preceding Article, in respect to Salt^ shall he 
extended with the same modification, by the Prussian and Saxon 
€k>vemmeut8 respectively, to the exportation and importation 
from one territory to the other, of grain, of fuel of every description, 
of timber, lime, slates, mill-stones, bricks, and stone of all kinds, 
whether these articles are purchased by subjects of the two 
Governments, or by the Governments themselves. 

His Majesty the E^ng of Prussia, and Uis Majesty the King 
of Saxouy, at the same time, mutually engage never to prohibit 
or interrupt the exportation of the said articles. 

Oeneral Amnesty in Saxony, 
Art." XXI. (Embodied in General Treaty (No. 27) as Art. 
XXII.) 

Benunciatian hy Saxony of all Claims upon the Ducliy of Warsaw, 
Art. XXII. His Majesty the King of Saxony renounces for 
himself, his heirs and successors, as well as for the Princes of his 
House, their heirs and successors, for ever, eveiy claim arising 
from Crown or other property, which might be derived fi-om the 
possession of the Duchy of Warsaw. 

Becognition of Sovereign Bights of Austria^ Prussia, and Bxissia 

over certain Porti^ms of the Duchy. 
His Majesty recognizes the rights of Sovereignty over that 
country, such as they are stipulated by the Treaty of Vienna, of 
the 21st April (3rd May) of the pi-esent year (Nos. 12, 13), for the 
Provinces which pass under the scepti-e of His Majesty the Emjjeror 
of all the Russias, with the title of King of Poland; for tlios*' 
Parts which revert to Ilis Majesty the Emperor of AiiMtriii, on 
the right bank of the Vistula ; as well as for the Provinces to Ik* 
|XJH.sessed by His Majesty the King of l^nissia, under the tille 
of Grand Duchy of Posen. 

llesturation hy Saxony of Archives y ^c, of Duchy of Warsaw. 
Art. XXIII. His Majesty the King of Saxony enga^^os, that 
the Records, Maps, Plans, and all Documents whatever lu'longing 
t<» the Duchy of Warsaw, shall bo faitlifully n^sforod. Tins 
n^stitutiou shall take place within C months from the day ol the 
exchange of the Ratifications of the present Treaty. 

Dt'hta (f Duchy if Warsaw, 
Art. XXIV. His Majesty the Kmg of Saxony is released from 

143 



18 May, 1815.] PRUSSIA, &jc., and saxony. [Mo. 16 

[Territorial.] 

all responBibility and charge whatever, with regard to the pay- 
ment of debts contracted on account of the Duchy of Warsaw, by 
consent of the Ministry of Finance, or other public ofiScers of that 
coontiy ; particularly from all obligations imposed upon him by 
the Convention of Bayonne,* which is annulled, and from the loan 
obtained on the Salt mines of Wieliczka. 

With regard to the 2,550,193 florins, claimed as having been 
transferred from the treasury of Saxony into that of the Duchy of 
Warsaw; as it is stipulated by the Treaty signed the 21st 
April (3rd May), between Prussia, Austria, and Russia, that a 
Commission of liquidation, composed of Russian, Austrian, and 
Prussian Commissioners, should immediately assemble at Warsaw, 
and that the 8 Courts have invested this Commission with 
the necessary authority to inquire into the exterior and interior 
debt, and also their claims and charges against each other ; the 
above claim shall be disposed of in the same manner. The claims 
on the part of Saxony, to that sum, shall undergo the same 
examination, and shall be submitted to the said Commission, to 
which His Majesty the King of Saxony shall be at liberty to send 
an accredited Gonunissioner on his part, who shall assist in their 
deliberations. 

Batificatimis. 

Abt. XXY. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the acts 
of Ratification exchanged in three days, or sooner, if possible. 

In faith of which tiie respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have afiSxed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 18th May, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 

(L.&) LE BARON DB HUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) LE COUNT SCHULENBURG. 

(L.S.) DE GLOBIG. 

• 10th May, 1808. 



144 



No. U] aiKRAT BRITAIN, &o., AND SAXONT. [18 Hay, 181 5 • 

[TerritorUl.] 

TREATY of Accession of Great Britain^ to the Territorial 
Treaty hetween Saxony and Prussia {Austria and Russia), 
of ISth May, 1815. Signed at Paris, \%th SeptenAer, 1815. 

Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Beference to Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

1. Aocession of Ortat Britain to Territorial Treaty between Prussia and 

Saxony, 

2. Acceptance of Accession by King of Saxony. 
8. Batifioadons. 

(English Version.*) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

Reference to Vienna Congress Treaty of 9 th June, 1815. 

His Majesty the Eling of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, having agreed to the arrangements made 
respecting Saxony and the Duchy of Warsaw, by the Great Act of 
Congress, signed on the 9th day of June last (No. 27), and also 
by the Treaty of the 18th of May thereto annexed, and herein- 
after particularly set forth ; and His Majesty the King of Saxony, 
desirous of procuring the immediate Accession of His Britannic 
Majesty to the said Treaty of the 18th of May, having invited 
His said Majesty and His said Majesty having agreed, to aecede 
thereto by a direct Treaty with His Saxon Majesty, their said 
Majesties have named : 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Viscount 
Castlereagh, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, one 
of His Majesty's Privy Council, a Member of Parliament, Colonel 
of the Regiment of Londonderry Militia, and Principal Secretary 
of State for Foreign Affairs ; 

And His Majesty the King of Saxony, Count de Schulenburg, 
a Privy Counsellor, Chamberlain of Ills said Majesty, &c. ; 

Who, having exchanged their respective Full Powers, have 
agreed upon the following Articles : — 

Accession of Great Britain to Territorial Treaty between Prussia 

and Saxony. 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, accedes to all the Stipulations of the Treaty 

• For French version, see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 871. 

145 L 



18 May, 1815.] ORE AT BRITAIN, &c., AND SAXONY. [No. 16 

[Territorial.] 

entered into between their Majesties the Rings of Prussia and 
Saxony, bearing date the 18th of May, 1815, and also between 
His said Majesty the King of Saxony and the Emperors of Austria 
and Russia respectively, as hereinafter inserted. 

[Here follows the Treaty of 18th May, 1815. Page 134.] 

Acceptance of Accession hy King of Saxony, 

Art. II. His Majesty the King of Saxony accepts of the 
above Accession, and renews to His Majesty the Eling of the 
United Kingdom of (xreat Britain and Ireland, the Engagements 
therein contained, and engages to fulfil and execute, in the whole 
and every part thereof, all the Stipulations 6f the said Treaty 
which His Saxon Majesty has on his part, therein stipulated to 
fulfil and execute. 

Ratifications, 

Art. hi. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations exchanged in the term of three months, or sooner if 
possible. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their Anns. 

Done at Paris, this 18th of September, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE SCHULENBURG. 

[A similar Treaty of Accession between France and Saxonj 
was signed on the same day.] 



14G 



Mo. 17] aREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND SAXONY. [18 May, 1816. 

[Konse of Sohonlmrff.] 

No. VI ^DECLARATION of ihe King of Saxony, re- 
9pecting the lUghta of the House of Schdnburg. Vienna, 
nth May, 1815. 

[This Declaration formed Annex V to the Vienna Congress Treaty 

of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Pretmbltf. Cooitrmation and G>uarantee by the 5 Powers of the Privileges of 
the House of the Princes of Schonburg recognised by Sasony in the S^eiM 
of 4th May, 1740. 

Deefaraiion by Saxony for obsenrance thereof, and for recognition of advan* 
tages and rights which may be assured to the Prinoes and Courts of 
Schdnbufff by the Germanic Confederation, Fulfilment by Saxonjf of 
Eiche of 4th May, 1740. 

Acceptance of the Declaration by the 6 Powers, 29th ICay, 1816. 

(Ti*anslation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamble. Confirmation and Quarwniee hy tlie 5 Powers of the 

Privileges of the House of the Princes of Schonburg recognised 

by Saxony in the JReces of 4:th May, 1740.1 

Qjs Majesty the King of Saxony being willing to conform to 
the arrangements made by the Courts of Russia, Austria, 
France, Great Britain, and Prussia, i*elative to the House of 
Schonburg, as contained in the following Article, which forms 
Article XXXIII of those Ai-ticles that have been communicated 
to His said Majesty at Presburg, viz. : 

" Article. The High Contractuig Parties, in expressly reserving 
to the House of the Princes of Schonburg the Rights which shall 
in future belong to that Family, in consequence of the rank it 
holds in the Gremianic Confederation, confirm and guarantee to 
them respectively, in regard to their possessions in the Kingdom 
of Saxony, all the prerogatives which the Royal House of Saxony 
has recognised in the Meces of the 4th of May, 1740, concluded 
between Saxony and the House of Schonburg," Declares : — 

m 

Declaration by Saxcny for obso-vance thereof and for recognition of 
Advantages and Rights which may be assured to the Princes and 
Courts of Schbnbvrg hy the Qcnnamc Coi federation . 

I. That he engages to the Five Powers above mentioned, to 

• For French version sec " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 98. 
t See Appendix. 

147 L 2 



18 May, 1815.] OREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND SAXONY. . [No. 17 

[House of Solionborff.] 

acknowledge the Advantages and Rights which shall be secured in 
the Germanic League to the Princes and Counts of Schonburg, 
which shall, however, not affect the Rights which the Court of 
Saxony exercises over the possessions of the sdd House. 

Fulfilment hy Saxony of Rech ofAth May^ 1740.* 

II. BBs Majesty the King of Saxony engages also to the Five 
Powers, for himself and his successors, to fulfil, and to cause to 
be fulfilled, for ever, and in their full extent, the stipulations con- 
tained in the Rech of the 4th May, 1740. 

The present Declaration shall have the same force and 
validily as if it had been inserted in the Treaty concluded this 
day between His said Majesty and their Majesties the Emperor 
of Austria, the Emperor of Russia, and the King of Prussia. 

Done at Vienna, the 18th May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE SCHULENBURG. 
(L.S.) DE GLOBIG. 



Act of Acceptation of the above Declaration by the 6 Powers, 

Vienna, 29<A May, 1815. 

(Translation.) 

This Undersigned Plenipotentiaries of Austria, Russia, France, 
Great Britain, and Prussia, foitnally accept, on the part of their 
respective Courts, the above Declaration, made in the name of 
His Majesty the King of Saxony, to the end that the engage- 
ments therein contained shall have the same force as if they had 
been textually inserted in the Treaty concluded on the 18th May 
between the above Courts and His Majesty the Eling of Saxony. 

Done at Vienna, the 29th May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) CLANCARTY. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE RASOUMOFFSKY. 

^ See Appendix. 



148 



No. 18] GBEAT BRITAIN, NETHERLANDS, &o. [10 May, 1815, 

[BxuMian-Dutoli Loan.] 



No. 1S.~C0NVENTI0N between Great Britain and the 
Netherlands and Russia^ respecting the Rusaian^Dutch Loan. 
— Signed at Lond<my 19th May, 1815. 

Abt. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. Portion of Loan to be borne bj Oreat 'Britain and the Netherlands* 

2. Interest and Sinking Fund. 
8. Mode of Payment. 

4. Sueeia to be securitj to Creditors, and t3 administer the Loan. Great 

Britain and the Netherlands liable to Bussia for their respeofeiTa 

Proportions. 
6. Payments by Oreat Britain and the Kethsrlands to cease on Belgio Pro* 

vinees being serered from the Netherlands : but not to cease in case 

of War. 
6. Ratifications. 

Additional Article, 

Payments to be made in caee of part of Belgie Provinces being eerered 

horn. Dominions of Belgium. 
Payments to be made in case of Invasion or Temporaxy Occupation of 

Belgie Pnmnces. 
Ratification. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament*) 

Preamble, 
In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the King of the Netherlands being desirous, upon 
the final Re-nnion of the Belgio Provinces with Holland, to render 
to the Allied Powers, who were Parties to the Treaty concluded 
at Chaumont on the Ist of March, 1814,t a suitable return for the 
heavy expense incurred by them in delivering the said Territories 
from the power of the enemy ; and the said Powers having, in 
consideration of arrangements made with each other, mutually 
agreed to waive their several pi-etensions under this head in 
favour of His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, His said 
Majesty the King of the Netherlands has thereupon resolved to 
proceed immediately to execute with His Imperial Majesty a 
Convention to the following effect, to which His Britannic 

• For French version see " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 378. 
t See Appendix. 

149 



19 May, 1815 J aSSAT BRITAIN, NETHERLANDS, 4c. [No. 18 

[Buasian-Butcli Loan.] 

Majesty agrees to be a party in pursuance of engagements taken 
by His said Majesty with the King of the Netherlands, in a Conven- 
tion signed at London on the 13th day of August, 1814 (No. 6). 

In consequence thereof, the Three said High Contracting 
Parties have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, namely : His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Viscount Castle- 
reagh, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter^ one of His 
said Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, &c. ; 

His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Sieur Chris- 
topher Count de Lieven, his Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to His Britannic Majesty, &c. ; and 

His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, the Sieur Henry 
Baron Fagel, a Member of the Corps des Nobles of the Province 
of Holland, bis Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to His Britannic Majesty, &c. ; 

Who, after having mutually exohanged their Full Powers, 
found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following 
Articles : 

Portion of Loan to he home hy Great Britain and ih$ Netherlands, 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands hereby 
engages to take upon himself a part of the capital and arrears of 
interests, to the 1st of January, 1816, of the Russian Loan made 
in Holland through the intervention of the House of Hope and 
Co. in Amsterdam, to the amount of 25,000,000 of florins, Dutch 
currency; the annual interest of which sum, together with an 
annual payment for the liquidation of the same, as hereafter 
specified, shalfbe borne by, and become a charge upon the King- 
dom of the Netherlands. 

And His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, engages on his part, to recommend to his 
Parliament to enable him to take upon himself an equal capital 
of the said Russian Loan, viz., 25,000,000 of florins, Dutch cur- 
rency; the annual interest of which simi, together with an 
annual payment for the liquidation of the same, as hereafter 
specified, shall be borne by, and become a charge upon the 
Government of His Britannic Majesty.* 

^ See Act of Parliament^ 65 Cko. HI, c. 116; 28th June; 1816 ; and 
Statement at page 164. 

150 



Mo. 18] aSSAT BBTTAIN, NSTHSELANDS, &o. [10 May, 1815 

[BiUMias-Ihitoh Loan.] 

Interest and Sinking Fund. 

Akt. II. The future charge to which their said Belgic and 
Britannic Majesties shall be respectively liable in equal shares on 
ftooount of the said debt, is to consist of an annual Interest of Five 
per cent on the said capitals, each of 25,000,000, together with a 
sinking fund of one per cent, for the extinction of the same, the 
said sinking fund being subject, however, to be increased on the 
demand of the Russian Government, to any annual sum not 
exceeding three per cent. ; the same to be payable till the capital 
of the said debt shall be fully discharged, when the aforesaid 
charge for interests and sinking f mid shall wholly cease to be 
borne by their said Belgic and Britannic Majesties respectively. 

Mode of Payment. 

Abt. III. Their said Belgic and Britannic Majesties respec- 
tively bind themselves, on or before the usual day or days in each 
year, on which the interest on the said debt shall be due and 
payable, to deposit with the agent of the Russian Government in 
Holland, their respective proportions of the said interest and 
sinking fund, as above specified; provided always, that pre- 
viously to the advance of each successive instalment so to be 
paid, the said agent shall be authorised to furnish a certificate to 
each of the said two High Contracting Parties, declaring that the 
preceding instalment has been duly applied in discharge of the 
interest, and in reduction of the principal of the said debt: 
together with the con-esponding payments, on account of the 
Russian Government on that part of the debt which shall remain 
a charge on the said Government. 

Russia to he security to Cr editor s^ and to administer the Loan, 
Great Britain and the Netherlands liable to Eussia for their 
respective proportions. 

Abt. IV. The Russian Government shall continue, as hereto- 
fore, to be security to the creditors for the whole of the said loan, 
and shall be charged with the administration of the same ; the 
Governments of the King of the Netherlands and of His Britannic 
Majesty remaining liable and bound to the Government of His 
Imperial Majesty, each for the punctual discharge, as above, of 
the respective proportions of tlie said charge. 

151 



19 May, 1815 J gbeat bbitain, netheelands, &c. [No. 18 

[BuBSian-Diitoli Loan.] 

Payments by the Netherlands and Great Britain to cease on Belgic 
Provinces being severed from the Netherlands. 
Art. V. It is liereby understood and agreed between the 
ILigh Contracting Parties, that the said payments on the part of 
their Majesties the King of the Netherlands and the King of 
Great Britain, as aforesaid, shall cease and determine, should the 
possession and Sovereignty (which God forbid) of the Belgic 
Provinces at any time pass or be severed from the dominions of 
His Majesty the King of the Netherlands previous to the com- 
plete liquidation of the same.* 

Payments not to cease in case of War, 
It is also understood and agreed between the High Contract-* 
ing Parties, that the payments on the part of their Majesties the 
King of the Netherlands and the King of Great Britain, as afore- 
said, shall not be interrupted in the event (which God forbid) of 
a War breaking out between any of the three High Contracting 
Parties ; the Government of His Majesty the Emperor of All the 
Russias being actually bound to its creditors by a similar agree- 
ment. 

Ratifications. 

Art. VI. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications thereof shall be exchanged at London in six weeks, 
or sooner if possible. 

In faith whereof we the Undersigned, in virtue of our Full 
Powers, have signed the present Convention, and a£Sxed thereto 
the Seal of our Arms. 

Done at London, the 19th day of May, in the year of Our 
Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) LIEVEN. 
(L.S.) H. FAGEL. 

* See also Additional Article, page 153. The Union between the Nether- 
lands and Belgium was dissolved bj the Treaty between the 5 Powers and 
Belgium of 15th NoTcmber, 1831 ; and on the 16th November, 1831, a Con- 
vention was concluded between Great Britain and Russia, relative to the 
Bussian-Dutch Loan, which was carried into efiect by an Act of Parliament, 
2 and 3 Wm. IT, c. 81, 3rd August, 1832. On tlie ifth August, 1850, a 
Conyention was concluded between the Netherlands and Russia respeoting 
the ancient Russian Debt. 



152 



No. 18] GBEAT BRITAIN, NETHEBLANBS, fto. [19 May, 1815. 

[BuMiau-Dutoh iKMtn.] 

Additional Abtiole. 

Payments to he made in case of Part ofBelgic Provinces being 
Severed from the Dominions of Belgium, 

' In order to prevent any doubts that might hereafter arise, 
with respect to the meaning and operation of Article V* of the 
Convention this day signed, it is understood and agreed between 
the 3 High Contracting Parties, that in the event of a part of 
the Belgic l^rovinces being at any time hereafter severed from the 
Dominions of His Belgic Majesty, a proportionate reduction only 
of the charge agreed to be borne by their Majesties the King of 
the Netherlands, and the Eling of Great Britain, to be calculated 
according to the Population of the Districts so severed, shall 
thereupon take place ; the residue of the respective payments 
continuing to be regularly defrayed, as provided for in the said 
Convention. 

Payments ^0 be made in case of Invasion or Temporary Occupation of 

Belgic Provinces. 

It is further understood and agreed, that the invasion or tem- 
porary occupation of the said Provinces, by an enemy, shall not 
be considered as determining any part of the said payments, 
unless continued beyond the period of a year ; in which case it 
shall be competent for their said Majesties the King of the 
Netherlands, and the King of Great Britain, to suspend their 
respective payments, subject to account with the Government of 
His Imperial Majesty, upon the expulsion or evacuation of the 
said Provinces by the enemy, for the whole, or such proportion 
of the said Arrears as may correspond with the state of posses- 
sion in which His Majesty the King of the Netherlands may at 
such period find himself established. 

Ratifications, 

This Additional Article shall be ratified on the same day as 
the Convention signed on this day ; and it shall have the same 
force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the said 
Convention. 

In faith whereof, we, the Undersigned, in virtue of our Full 
Powers, have signed the present Additional Article, and affixed 
thereto the Seal of our Arms. 

* See page 152. 
153 



19 May, 1816.] gbeat bbitaik, i^ethsblands, &o. [Mo. 18 

[Bii0ftian-lhiioh IiOftti.] 

Done at London, tho 19th of May, in the year of Onr Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGU. 
(L.S.) H. FAGEL. 
(L.S.) LIEVEN. 



■to 



(Annex.) — Statement of the Capital^ Interest, and Sinking Fundf 
of that part of the Russian Delt in Holland^ to he provided for 
by Great Britain^ in pursuance of the preceding Convention, 

Sterling, at the pair of 
Dutch Guilders. EleTen Guilders. 

Capital 26,000,000 2,272,727 5 5^f 

Interest at 5 per cent 1,250,000 113^636 7 Sfr 

SinkingFundatlpercent 250,000 22,727 5 6^ 

Total Annual Charge . . Gldrs. 1,500,000 £136,863 12 8^ 



164 



Mo. 19] AUSTRIA, &o., AND SABDINIA, [20 Kaji 1815. 

[QenoAy Oenevs, 4ko.] 



No. 19.— TREATY between Atistria (Great Britain, 
Unssioy Prussia, and France) and Sardinia. Signed at 
Vienna, 20th May, 1815. 

[This Treaty fonned Annex XIII to the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. 

1. IVontien of the States of the King of Sardinia, Island of Capre^ja. 

2. Union of the States of Chenoa with the States of the King of Sardinia, 
8. Title of King of Sardinia f Duke of Genoa, 

a. Sights and PriTlleges of Genoese, See also Annex A.A. 

6. Union of the Imperial Fie/t to Sardinia, Imperial Fiefe, 

6. Sights of Fortifying. 

7. Savoy, Cession by King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva, See also 

Annex B.B. 

8. Stntzerland and Sardinia. Neutrality of Chablaii and Foueiffny, Passage 

of Troops. 
9* Treaty to form pvt of Definitire Arrangement. 
10. 



A, A. Conditions {annexed to Article IV of the Treaty of the 20/A 
May, 1815), which are to serve as the Bases of the Union of the 
Genoese States to those of His Sardinian Majesty, (Page 159.) 

1. Genoese to enjoy equal Privileges with Sardinians. 

2. Genoese Military to be incorporated with Soyal Troops. 
8. Arms and Colours of Genoa, 

a. Se-^stabUshnient of Free Port of Genoa, 

6. Prorinoial Council. Election of President of Council. Be-eleotion of 
Biembers. Duties of the Council. Time of Assembly of Councils. 
Extraordinary Assembly of Councils. Sight of Intendant of the 
Profince to a seat in the Assembly. Levy of New Taxes. Vote of 
President. Assent of ProTincial Councils to Leyy of New Taxes. 
Majority of Votes. 

6. Maximum of Taxes. 

7. Public Debt Guaranteed. 

8. C&Til and Military Pensions. Pensions to Clergy and indiriduals of 

Seligious Institutions } and to Genoese Nobles. 

9. Supreme Tribunal to be called a Senate. 

10. Currency. 

11. Leyy of Troops. 

12. Qanoeie Body CKiaid. 

155 



20 May, 1816J AUSTBIA, Ac, AKD SABDIMA. [No. 19 

[Genoa, Geneva, &o.] 

Abt. Table. 

13. Formation and Duties of a Municipal Bodj. 

14. UniTonity of Oenoa. 

15. Tiibunal and Chamber of Commerce. 

16. Persons in Office. 

17. Bank of St. George. 

B,B. Cession made by His Majesty the King of Sardinia to the 
Canton of Geneva, Annexed to Article VII of the Treaty of 
the 20th May, 1815. (Page 164.) 

1. Farts of Savoy ceded to Canton of Geneva, 

2. Free Communication between the Canton of Geneva and the ValaU, 

Free Commimication for Oenevete Troops between Territory of 
Geneva and Jurisdiction of Jusey, 

3. Free Exercise of Boman Catholic Beligion in ceded States. 

4. Deliyeiy of Title Deeds of Landed Property, &c. 

5. Treaty of 3rd June, 1754, Confirmed. Article XIII Annulled. 

6. Conyeyanoe of Articles of Consumption for the Canton of Geneva. 

7. Exemption from Transit Duties. Exceptions. 

Additional and Separate Article to the Territorial Treaty between 
I Austiia and Sardinia^ of 20th May, 1815. 

J Confirmation of Sardinian right of B^yersion to Bvchy Flaceniia, under 

« Treaties of Aix-la-ChapeUe, 1748, and Part>, 1763. Further Agree- 

A ment on termination of Negotiations respecting Farma and Placentia, 

Eyentual Transfer of Fortress of Placentia, with a Badius, by Sardinia to 
^ Aueiria, for an equiyalent. 

^ Batiflcations. 

(Tranelation 88 laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamble. 
In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

IIis Majesty the King of Sardinia, &c., &e., being restored 
to the full and entire possession of his Continental States, in the 
same manner as he possessed them on the 1st of January, 1792, 
with the exception of the part of Savoy ceded to France by the 
I Treaty of Paris of the 80th May, 1814 (No. 1), and certain 

J changes having since been agreed upon, during the Congress of 

Vienna (No. 27), relative to the extent and limits of the said 
States. 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria and His Majesty the King 
of Sardinia, wishing to confirm and establish, by a formal Treaty, 
everything relating to these points, have in consequence named 
for their Plenipotentiaries, viz. : 

* For French version, see " State Papers," toL ii, p. 152. 

15G 



f 



No. 19] AUSTRIA, &c., AND SARDINIA. [20 May, 1815. 

[Oenoa, Oeneya, Ac"] 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austna, Kiug of Hungary and 
Bohemia, the Siem* Clement- Venceslas-Loihaire, Prince de Metter- 
nich-Winneboarg-Ochsenhausen, Chamberlain, intimate and 
actual Councillor of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, His 
Minister of State, of Conferences, and of Foreign Affairs, his 
First Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. : 

And the Sieur John Philip, Baron de Wessenberg, Chamberlain, 
and intimate and actual Councillor of His Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty, His Second Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. : 

And His Majesty the King of Sardinia, &c., &c., the Sieurs 
Don Anthony Maria Philip Asinari, Marquis de St. Marsan and de 
Carail, Count de Castigliole, Cartosio, and Castelletto, Yal d*Erro, 
Wm Minister of State, and Principal Secretary for the War De- 
partment, and His First Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. : 

And Count Don Joachim Alexander Rossi, Knight Grand 
Cross, His Majesty's Councillor, and his Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of His Imperial and 
Royal Apostolic Majesty, and his Second Plenipotentiary at the 
Congress, &c. : 

Who, in virtue of the full ^powers produced by them at the 
Congress of Vienna, found to be in due and proper form, have 
agreed upon the following Articles : 

Frontiers of the States of the Kiiig of Sardinia, Island of 

Capraja, 

Abt. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXV.) 

TTnion of tlie States of Oenoa with the States of the King of 

Sardinia, 

Abt. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art LXXXVI.) 

Title of King of Sardinia ; DuJce of Oenoa. 

Abt. III. (Embodied in Viemia Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXVII.) 

Bights and Privileges of Qenoesc, 

Abt. IV. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXVIII.) 

157 



20 May, 1816.] AUSTBU, &c., AND SARDINIA. [No. 19 

Unia7i of the ^*Imjperial Fief 8^' to Sardinia, Ligurian Republic. 

Abt. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXIX.) 

Bight of Fortifying, 

Abt. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XO.) 

8(woy. Cession by the King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva, 

Abt. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XCI.) 

Stmtgerl^ind and Sardinia. Neutrality of Chahlais a7id Faucigny. 

Passage of Troops. 

Abt. VIII. (Embodied in Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XOII.) 

Treaty to form part of Definitive Arrangement. 

Abt. IX. The pi-esent Treaty phall form part of the Definitive 
Arrangements of the Congress of Vienna. 

Batificatians, 

Art. X. The Ratifications of the present Treaty shall be 
exchanged in six weeks, or sooner, if possible. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the present Treaty, and have aflSxed thereunto the Seal of their 
Anus. 

Done at Vienna the 20th of May, in the year of Our Lord, 1815. 

(Signed) (L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE MARQUIS DE ST. MARSAN. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE WESSENBERG. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE ROSSI. 

[N.B. — Treaties containing the same stipulations, and bearing 
the same date, were concluded and signed between the King 
of Sardinia and the Courts of London, Berlin, Petersburg!!, and 
Paris.] 



158 



Mo. 19] AUSTBIA, &0., AND SARDINIA. [20 May, 1815. 

[Genoa, Genera, &o.] 

Annex A.A.^ Conditions annexed to Article IV] of the Treaty 
of the 20th May, 1815, which are to serve as a Bases o/ 
the Union of the Genoese States to those of His Sardinian 
Majesty. 

Genoese to enjoy equal Privileges with Sardinians, 

Abt. I. The Genoese shall in every respect be placed upon the 
same footing with the other subjects of the King. They shall be 
eqnally eligible with them to civil, judicial, military, and diplo- 
matic employments of the monarchy, and, excepting the Privileges 
which are hereafter granted and guaranteed to them, they shall 
be subject to the same laws and regulations, with such modifica- 
tions as His Majesty shall judge it expedient to introduce. 

The Oenoese nobility shall be admitted, equally with the 
nobility of the other parts of the monarchy, to the principal 
offices and employments of the Court. 

Genoese Military to be incorporated with Royal Troops, 

Art, II. The Oenoese Military, at present composing the 
troops of Genoa, shall be incorporated with the royal troops ; the 
officers and non-commissioned officers shall retain their respective 
ranka 

Arms and Colours of Genoa, 

Art. III. The Arms of Genoa shall be introduced in the royal 
escutcheon, and its colours into the flag of His Majesty. 

Re-establishment of Free Port of Genoa, 
Art. IV. The Free Port of Genoa shall be re-established with 
the regulations which existed under the ancient Government of 
Genoa. Every facility shall be given by the King to the transit, 
through his States, of merchandise proceeding from that Free 
Port, under such restrictions as His Majesty shall judge expedient 
for preventing the said merchandise being illicitly sold or con- 
sumed in the interior. It shall be subject only to the usual mode- 
rate duty. 

Provincial Councils. 

Art. V. A Pro\'incial Council shall be established in the dis- 
trict of each Intendant-, composed of 30 members, chosen from 
among the most respectable individuals of each class, out of a 
list of 800 persons of the greatest note in each district. 

159 



20 May, 18160 AUSTRIA, fto., and SARDINIA. [No. M 

Hiey fthall bd named, in the first instance, by the King, and 
renewed in the same manner, by fifths, every two years. The 
retiremant of the four first^fifths shall be decided by ballot. The 
organisation of these Councils shall be regulated by His Majesty. 

EUction of Prtiidtnt of Council, 

The President named by the King need not be selected from 
the Council : in such case, he shall not possess the right of voting. 

Re-election of Members. 

The members camiot be re-elected until four years after their 
retirement. 

DuHe^ of tJu Council. 

Thd Council shall attend only to thd wants and claims of the 
communes of the Intendancy, as to what concerns their particular 
administration, and shall be allowed to make representations on 
the subject. 

lime of Assenibling of Councils, 

It shall assemble each year at the principal place of the Inten- 
dancy, at such period and for such length of time as His Majesty 
shall determine. 

Extraordinary Assembling of Councils, 

Bis Majesty shall have the right of assembling it upon e:ittra- 
ordinary occasions, should he think fit. 

Eight of Inlendant of the Province to a Seat in the Assembly, 

The Intendant of the Province, or he who supplies his place, 
shall have the right of a seat in the Assembly, as the King^s 
Commissioner. 

Levy of New Taxes. 

Whenever the exigencies of the State shall require the levy 
of new Taxes, the King shall assemble the different Provincial 
Councils in such city of the ancient Genoese teiritory as he shall 
appoint, and under the presidency of such person as he shall have 
delegated for that purpose. 

Vote of President. 

The President, when iiot chosen from the ComicM, ^hall not 
have a deiiberative txrt^. 

160 



Mo. 19] AUSTRIA, &c., AND SARDINIA. [20 May, 1815. 

[Oenoa, Geneva, &o.] 

Assent of Provincial Councils to let>y of new Taxes, 

The King shall not send to the Senate of Oenoa, for registrar 
tion any edict having for its object the imposing of extraordinary 
taxes, until the assent of the Provincial Councils, assembled as 
above, shall have been received. 

Majority of Votes. 

A majority of one vote shall determine the question in the 
Provincial Councils, whether assembled separately or together. 

Maadmum of Taxes. 

Abt. VI. The maximum of Taxes, which His Majesty shall 
have the right to establish in the States of Genoa, without con- 
solting the united Provincial Councils, shall not exceed the pro- 
portion actually established in the other parts of his dominions ; 
tile taxes at present levied, shall be regulated by this standard, 
and His Majesty reserves to himself to make such modifications 
as his wisdom and his goodness towards his Oenoese subjects, 
may dictate with respect to what assessment should be made, 
whether upon land, or for direct or indirect taxes. 

The maximum of taxation being thus regulated, whenever the 
exigencies of the State shall require the levy of new taxes or 
extraordinary duties. His Majesty shall refer to the Provincial 
Councils for their vote of approbation, for the sum which he shall 
judge it proper to propose, and for the description of tax to be 
established. 

Public Debt guaranfecJ, 

Art. VII. The Public Debt, such as it legally existed under 
the late French Government, is guaranteed. 

Civil and Military Pensions, 

Art. VIII. Pensions, both Civil and Military, gi*anted by tlic* 
State, according to the laws and regulations, shall be continued 
to all Genoese subjects living in His Majesty's States. 

Pensions to Clergy and Individuals of Religious Institutions ; and 

to Oenoese Nobles, 

Under the same conditions, those Pensions shall be discon- 
tinued which have been granted to the Clergy, or to individuals 
of both sexes formerly belonging to religious institutions ; as well 

161 M 



20 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA, &c., AND SARDINIA. [Mo. 19 

[Genoa, Gteneva, Ac] 

as those, which, by way of relief, have been granted to Genoese 
Nobles by the French Government 

Supreme Trihutial to he called a Senate, 

Art. IX. A grand Court of Justice or Supreme Tribunal shall 
be established at Genoa, with the same powers and privileges as 
those of Turin, Savoy, and Nice, and which, like them, shall be 
called a Senate. 

Currency, 

Art. X. The gold and silver Currency of the ancient Stat« of 
Genoa, actually in circulation, shall be received at the public 
offices equally with Piedmontese Coins. 

Levy of Troops. 

Art. XI. The levies of Troops, called Provincial levies, in the 
country of Genoa, shall not exceed the proportion of those in the 
other States of His Majesty. The naval and military services 
shall be calculated alike. 

Oenoese Body Ouard, 

Art. XII. His Majesty shall raise a Genoese company of 
Body Guards, which shall form a fourth company of his guards. 

Fomiation and Duties of a Municipal Body. 

Art. XIII. His Majesty shall establish at Genoa a Munidpal 
Body, composed of forty nobles, twenty citizens of independent 
property, or following any liberal profession, and twenty of the 
principal merchants. The first appointments shall be made by 
the King, and the vacancies shall be filled up by the Municipal 
Body itself, subject to the King's approbation. 

This Body shall receive from the King its particular regula- 
tions with respect to its President and the division of its labours. 

The Presidents shall take the title of Syndics, and shall be 
chosen from among its members. 

The King reserves to himself, whenever he shall judge it 
proper, to appoint a person of the first distinction as President of 
the Municipal Body. 

The powers belonging to the Municipal Body shall be, the 
administration of the city revenues, the superintendence of the 
petty i">olico of the city, and the care of its charitable institu- 
tions. 

162 



Mo. 19] AUSTRIA, &o., AND SABDHOA. [20 May, 1815. 

A King's Commifisioner shall assist at the sittings and delibe* 
rations of the Municipal Body. 

The members of this body shall wear a particular dress, and 
the Syndics shall have the privilege of wearing a robe or gown 
similar to that of the Presidents of Tribunals. 

University of Oenoa, 

Art. XIV. The University of Gtenoa shall be continued, and 
shall enjoy the same privileges as that of Turin. 

His Majesty will consider of the means of providing for its 
wants. 

]ffis Majesty shall take this establishment under his special 
protection, as well as the other institutions of instruction, educa- 
tion, the Belles Lettres, and charity, which shall also be main- 
tained. 

His Majesty will preserve to His Genoese subjects, the exhi- 
bitions which they enjoy in the college called the Lyceum, at the 
expense of Government; reserving to himself the adoption of 
such regulations upon this subject as he shall judge proper. 

Tribunal and Chamber of Oommerce, 

Art. XV. The King shall preserve to Genoa, a Tribunal and 
a Chamber of Commerce, with the powers actually belonging to 
those two establishments. 

Persona in Office, 

Art. XVI. His Majesty shall take into his particular conside- 
ration, the situation of persons in the States of Genoa who are 
now in oflSce. 

Bank of St, Qeorge. 

Art. XVII. His Majesty will gladly receive the plans and 
propositions which may be presented to him upon the means of 
re-establishing the Bank of St. George. 



168 V 2 



20 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA, &c., AND SAEDINU. [No. 19 

[Genoa, Genera, &o.] 

Anneo! B. B, Cession made by His Majesty the King of 

Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva. 



Annexed to ArticU VII of the Treaty of the 20th May^ 1815. 

Farts of Saxony ceded to Ganton of Geneva. 
Art I. His Majesty the King of Sardinia places at the dis- 
posal of the High Allied Powers, that part of Savoy which is 
situated between the river Arve, the Rhone, the limits of that 
part of Savoy ceded to France, and Mount Saleve, as far as 
Veiry inclusive, together with that part which lies between the 
high road, called that of the Simplon, the Lake of Geneva, and 
the present territory of the canton of Geneva, from Vezenas to 
the point where the river of Ilermance crosses the said road, and 
from thence, following the course of that river to where it enters 
the Lake of Geneva, to the east of the village of Hermance (the 
whole of the road of the Simplon continuing to be possessed by 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia) in order that these coimtries 
shall be imited to the canton of Geneva ; with the reservation, 
however, of determining more precisely, by Commissioners respec- 
tively, their lunita, particularly of that part which relates to the 
demarcafion above Veiry, and on Mount Saleve. His Majesty 
renounces, for himself, and his successors, in perpetuity, all rights 
of sovereignty, and other rights which may belong to him in all 
the places and territories comprised in this line of frontier, with- 
out exception or reservation. 

jFV<?6 Communication between the Canton of Geneva and the Valais. 

Free Communication for Genevese Troops between Territory of 

Geneva and Jurisdiction of Jussy. 

Art. II. His Majesty consents that the communication between 
the canton of Geneva and the Valais by the road of the Simplon, 
shall be established in the same manner as it has been agreed to 
by France, between Geneva and the canton of Vaud,' by the route 
of Versoy. A free communication shall also be at all times 
granted for the Genevese troops, between the temtory of Geneva 
and the jurisdiction of Jussy, and such facilities shall be allowed 
as may be necessary for proceeding by the lake to the road of the 
Simplon. 

Free exercise of Roman Catholic Religion in ceded States. 

Art. III. Ou the other hand, His Majesty being averse to 

164 



Mo. 19] AUSTBU, &c., AND SABDINIA. [20 May, 1815. 

[Genoa, Geneva, fto.] 

giving his consent that a part of his territory should be ceded to 
a State whose pi-evailing religion is different, without securing to 
the inhabitants of the country so ceded, the enjoyment of the 
free exercise of their religion, the means of keeping up their 
religious establishments, and the free enjoyment of all rights of 
citizenship ; 

It is agreed that, 

1. The Roman CathoUc religion shall be maintained and pro- 
tected, in the same manner as at present, in all the communes 
ceded by His Majesty the King of Sardinia, which are to be united 
to the canton of Geneva. 

2. Those parishes which are neither dismembered nor divided 
by the new frontier line, shall retain their present boundaries, and 
shall be served by the same number of clergymen; and with 
regard to the detached portions, which are not sufficiently exten- 
sive to constitute a parish, application shall be made to the bishop 
of the diocese, to obtain their annexation to some other parish of 
the canton of Geneva. 

8. If the number of Protestants in the said communes, ceded 
by His Majesty, is less than that of the Roman Catholics, the 
schoolmasters shall at all times be Roman Catholics. 

No Protestant place of worship shall be established, excepting 
one in the town of Carrouge. 

Two-thirds at least of the munidpal officers shall be Roman 
Catholics; and of the three individuals who fill the office of 
Mayor and his two assistants, two shall always be Roman Catho- 
lics. 

In case the number of Protestants in any of the conmiunes 
shall equal that of the Roman Catholics, they shall stand upon 
an equal footing, and shall be alternately elected to the Municipal 
Body and to the office of Mayor ; in this case, however, there 
shall always be a Roman Catholic schoolmaster, even if there be 
a Protestant one established. 

The present Article is not intended to prevent Protestants, 
residing in a commune inhabited by Roman Catholics, from erect- 
ing at their own expense a private chapel, for the exercise of their 
religion, if they think proper ; or from having likewise at their 
own expense, a Protestant echoolmaster, for the private education 
of their children. 

4. The funds, revenues, and the administration of existing 
charitable donations and institutions shall remain untouched; and 

165 



20 May, 1816.] AUSTBIA, kc., AND SABDINLL [No. 19 

[Genoa, Oeneya, 4ko.] 

private individuals shall not be prevented from making new 
ones. 

5. The new Government shdll continue the provision made by 
the present Government for the support of tiie clergy and of 
religious worship. 

6. The Roman Catholic Church, now established at Geneva, 
shall be maintained, as at present, at the expense of the State, as 
the eventual laws of the constitution of Geneva have already de- 
creed. A suitable establishment and provision shall be made for 
the clergyman. 

7. The Roman Catholic communes and the parish of Geneva 
shall continue to form part of the diocese which is to govern the 
provinces of Chablais and Faucigny, unless it should be otherwise 
regulated by the authority of the Holy See. 

8. In no case whatever shall the bishop be disturbed in his 
pastoral visits. 

9. The inhabitants of the ceded territory are placed entirely 
on the same footing in point of civil and political rights, with 
those of the city of Geneva : they shall enjoy these rights equally 
with them, excepting, however, the rights of property, of citizen- 
i)hip, or of the conmiune. 

10. Roman Catholic children shall be received into the public 
schools : they shall not be instructed in matters of religion in 
common with the Protestants, but separately ; and ecclesiastics 
of the Roman Catholic communion shall be appointed for this 
purpose. 

11. The communal property, or property belonging to new 
communes, shall be preserved to them, and it shall continue to be 
administered as heretofore, and the revenues applied to their 
use. 

12. These communes shall not be taxed more than the old 
ones. 

13. His Majesty the Eong of Sardinia reserves to himself the 
light of representing to the Helvetic Diet, and of supporting by 
means of his Diplomatic Agents accredited to it, every claim to 
which the non-fulfilment of the above Articles might give rise. 

Delivery of Title Deeds of Landed Property ^ Sfc, 

Art. IV. All deeds of landed property and documents con- 
cerning ceded matters shall be given up by His Majesty the King 
of Sardinia to the canton of Geneva as soon as possible* 

166 



Mo. 19] aDBTBIA, &o., and BASDnrU. [20 May, 181 

[Gtonoa, Geneva, Ac] 

Treaty ofSrd June, 1754,* confinned — Ad. XIII annulled. 

Art. V, The Treaty concluded at Turin the 3rd of June, 
1754, between His Majesty the King of Sardinia and the Republic 
of (Geneva is hereby confirmed, with regard to all thoso Articles 
which are not at variance with the present transaction ; but Ilis 
Majesty, wishing to give the canton of Geneva a particular mark 
of his good will, consents, nevertheless, to annul that part of 
Article XIII of the above Treaty which denied to the citizens of 
Geneva who at that time had establishments and property in 
Savoy, the privilege of making it their principal residence. 

Conveyance of Articles of Consumption for the Canton of Geneva. 

Art. YI. His Majesty, from the same motives, agrees to make 
arrangements with the canton of Geneva in order to facilitate the 
conveyance from his States of articles intended for the consump- 
tion of the town and canton. 

Exemptions from Transit Duties. 

Art. VII. An exemption from all duties of transit shall be 
granted for all merchandise and goods which, coming from the 
States of His Majesty the King of Sardinia and the free port of 
Genoa, shall traverse the road called the Simplon in its whole 
extent, through the Yalais and the State of Geneva. 

Exceptions. 

It is understood that this exemption is confined to the transit, 
and shall not extend either to the tolls established for the mainte- 
nance of the road, or to duties levied on merchandise or goods 
intended to be sold or consumed in the interior. 

The same rescrv- ation shall apply to the commimication granted 
to the Swiss between the Yalais and the canton of Geneva ; and 
the different Governments shall for this purpose take such 
measures as by common agreement they shall judge necessary, 
either for taxation or for preventing contraband trade in their 
territories respectively. 

* See Appendix. 



167 



20 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA, &c., AND SARDINIA. [Ho. 10 

[Gtonoa, 0«n«va, Ao,] 

Additional and Separate Article to the Territorial Treaty 
between Austria and Sardinia^ of 20th May^ 1815.* 

(TranBlation as laid before Parliament. f) 

Confirmation of Sardinian Right of Reversion to Duchy ofPlacentia^ 
under Treaties of Aix-la-Chapelle^ 1748,J and Paris^ 1763.§ 
Further Agreement on termination of Negotiations respecting 
Parma and Placentia, 

The right of reversion of His Majesty the King of Sardinia to 
the Duchy of Placentia, stipulated by the Treaty of Aix-la- 
Chapelle of 17484 and by the Treaty of Paris of 10th June, 
1763,§ is confirmed. The cases in v^hich that right will have to 
be realised, shall be regulated by conmion consent, when the 
negotiations relative to the States of Parma and Placentia shall 
be completed. 

Eventual Transfer of Fortress of Placentia^ with a Radius^ by flferr- 

dinia to Austria, for an equivalent. 

It is, however understood that in case of that reversion occur- 
ring, the town of Placentia, and a radius of 2,000 toises, starting 
from the ridge of the external glacier, shall remain in full sove- 
reignty and ownership to His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, 
his heirs and successors, and there shall be ceded as a compen- 
sation to His Majesty the King of Sardinia another portion of the 
States of Parma, or some other contiguous to his States in Italy, 
as shall appear to him most convenient, and equivalent in popu- 
lation and revenue to the town of Placentia and to the above 
radius. 

Ratifications. 

The present Additional and Separate Article shall have the 
same force and validity as if it had been inserted word for word 
in the Treaty of this day's date. It shall be ratified, and the 
ratifications shall be exchanged at the same time. 

• This Additional and Separate Article was confirmed by the Treaty 
between the 5 Powers and Spain, of lOth June, 1817, but it was not then 
assented to by Sardinia. See Treaty between Luoca, Modena, Tuscany, 
Austria, and Sardinia, of 28th NoTomber, 1844. 

t For French version, see "Stat« Papers," vol. ii, p. 959. 

J See Appendix. § See Appendix. 

168 



Mo. 19] AUSTBU, &c., AND SABDINU. [20 May, 1815. 

[Gtonoa, Gton«va, Ac] 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
si^ed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seals of their Arms. 

(L.S.) LE MARQUIS DE SAINT MARSAN. 

(L,S.) LE COMTE ROSSI. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE WESSESBERG. 



169 



27 May, 1615.] AUSTBIA AND 8WITZBBLAND. [Mo. 20 

[Switaarland.] 



No. 20. — ACT of Acceptance by the Sioiss Confederation of 
the Declaration of tlie 8 Powers of the 20th March, 1815. 
Signed at Zurich^ 27th May^ 1815.* 



[This Act formed Annex XIb to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 
9th June, 1815 (No. 27).] 

Tablk. 
Preamble. 

AcoeptAnce of Declaration of 8 Powers of 20th March, 1815. 
Perpetual Neutrality of the Helvetic Body. 
Fulfilment of DispositionB of Declaration of 8 Powers. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.t) 

Preamble. 

The Diet of the Swiss Confederation, at its special sitting held 
at Zurich, having received in its sitting of the 3rd of April, 1815, 
through the Mediation of the Ministers accredited to the Con- 
federation, viz. : 

M. de Schraut, Austrian Minister, in the name of His Imperial 
and Royal Apostolic Majesty, as also by virtue of special powers, 
of Ilis Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal ; 

M. Stratford Caiming, accredited on the part of His Majesty 
the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland ; 

The Count Augustus Talleyrand, on the part of His Most 
Christian Majesty the King of France, as also by virtue of special 
powers, of His Majesty the King of Spain and of the Indies ; 

The Baron Chambrier d'OUeyrcs, in the name of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia ; 

The Baron Krudener, Charge d*Affaires of His Majesty the 
Emperor of Russia ; 

The Declaration relative to the affairs of Switzerland, inseited 
in the Protocol of the Congress of Vienna the 19th, and signed 
the 20th March, 1815 (No. 9), by the Plenipotentiaries of the 
8 Powers who were parties to the Treaty of Paris of the 80th 
May, 1814 (No. 1); 

* See also Act of the 5 Powers, signed at Paris, 20th Nyoember, 1815. 
t For French Tersion, see "State Papers," toI. ii, p. 147. 

179 



No. 20] AUSTRIA AND SWITZEBLAND. [27 May, 1815. 

[SwitierlancU] 

Hastened to communicate this Act to the 19 Confederated 
Gantons, inviting them to give their sanction to the Diet's de- 
claring, in due and proper form, the general Accession of 
Switzerland to the arrangements contained in the said instrument ; 

The chief authorities of each Canton, having maturely con- 
sidered the object of this communication, and having successively 
made known to the Federal authority their final determination ; 

The Diet of the Swiss Confederation, in pursuance of the Acts 
deposited in their Archives, and of the Declarations inserted in 
their Protocol, by which it appears that a number of Cantons, 
exceeding that which the Federal union prescribes, for the accept- 
ance of the most important resolutions of the Helvetic Body, have 
declared their consent thereto ; which, according to the terms of 
the Constitution, becomes thereby that of the whole Confederation; 

Have adopted the following Resolutions ; 

Acceptance of Declaration of 8 Powers of 20th Marchj 1815. 

1. The Diet accedes, in the name of the Swiss Confederation, 
to the Declaration of the Powers assembled at the Congress of 
Vienna, under date of the 20th March, 1815, and promises that 
the stipulations contained in the " Transaction," inserted in this 
Act, shall be faithfully and religiously observed. 

Perpetual NeutraUty of the Helvetic Bod*/. 

2. The Diet expresses the eternal gratitude of the Swiss nation 
towards the High Powers, who, by the above Declaration, assign 
to them, with a Boundary far more advantageous, its ancient 
important frontiers; unite tlii*ee new Cantons to the Confede- 
ration ; and promise solemnly to Acknowledge and Guarantee the 
perpetual Neutrality of the Helvetic Body, as behig necessary to 
the general interest of Europe. The Diet feels the same senti- 
ments of gratitude for the uniform kindness with which the august 
Sovereigns have exerted themselves in brining about a recon- 
ciliation of the differences which had arisen between the Cantons. 

Fulfilment of Dispositions of Declarations of 8 Powers, 

3. In pursuance of the present Act of Accession, and of the 
Note addressed to the Swiss Envoys at Vienna, the 20th March, 
1815, by Prince Metternich, President of the Conferences of 
the 8 Powers, the Diet declares its wish that the Ministers of 

171 



27 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA AND 8WITZ£BLAN*D. [Mo. 20 

[Switaarland.] 

their Majesties, residing in Switzerland, would, in pursuance of 
the Instructions which they have received, and of the powers with 
which they have been invested, give effect to the dispositions of 
the Declaration of the 20th March (No. 9), and carry into 
execution the engagements therein contained. 

In faith of which the present Act has been signed and sealed, 
at Zurich, the 27th May, 1815. 

In the name of the Diet of the Swiss Confederation, the Bur- 
gomaster of the Canton of Zurich, President, 

The Burgomaster of the Canton of 
Zurich, President, 
(L.S.) DE WYSS. 

The Chancellor of the Confederation of 

Switzerland, 
MoussoN. 



172 



Mo. 21] PRUSSIA AND HAXOYEB. [29 May, 1815. 

[Lauenburff, Oldenburg, Ac] 



No. 21. — TREATY between Prussia and Hanover. Signed 

at Vienna^ 29fA May^ 1815. 



[This Treaty formed Annex VI to the Vienna CongresB Treaty of 

9th June, 1815 (No. 27).] 

AbT. TiBLE. 

Preamble. 

1. Cessions made bj Prussia to Hanover, 

2. Benunciation by Prussia of the Chapter of Si. Peter, 

3. Cessions bj Hesse- Cassel to Hanover, Indemnities by Prussia, 

4. Cessions bj Hanover to Prussia of part of Duchy of Lanenhurg, 
6. Narigation of the Ems and Port of Embden, 

6. Military Beads. 

7. Betum of Military to their Ilomcs. Pensions. 

8. Title Deeds, Documents, Plans, &c., of ceded Districts. 

9. Besponsibility of new Possessor of Countries ceded for all Debts. 

10. Disposal of Meppen and Skeina-JFolbeck, Settlement of Frontier of 

Looz-Corswaren, Belations of Bentheim towards Hanover, 

11. Exchange of Territory between Prussia and Brunswick, 

12. Cession to be made to Oldenburg by Hanover, 
18. Batifications. 



(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

IIis Majesty the King of Pmssia, and His Majesty the King 
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of 
Hanover, desiring to comprise in a particular Treaty the dis- 
positions contained in the Protocols signed the 13th and 21st 
of February, 1815, of the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of 
England, Austria, Russia, Prussia, and France, in order to 
carry into effect the stipulations of the Treaty concluded at 
Reichenbach on the 14th June, 1813,t and to fulfil the territorial 
arrangements consequent upon the engagement therein con- 
tained on the part of His Prussian Majesty, the two Sovereigns 
have named Plenipotentiaries to concert, agree upon, and sign, 
whatever relates to this subject, viz. : 

• For French version, see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 94. 

t See Appendix. 

173 



29 May, 1815.] PRUSSIA AND HANOVER. [Ho. 21 

[lAuenlmrff, Oldenburg, Ac] 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince Hardenbcrg, 
his Chancellor of State, his First Plenipotentiary at the Con- 
gress, &c. 

And the Sieur Charles William Bjiron de Humboldt, His said 
Majesty's Minister of State, his Chamberlain, Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty ; his second Plenipotentiary at the Congress of 
Vienna, &c. 

And His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, the Sieur Ernest Frederic 
Herbert, Count Munster, Hereditary Grand Marshal of the King- 
dom ; his Minister of State and of the Cabinet, and his Minister 
Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Vienna, &c. 

And the Sieur Ernest Christian George Augustus, Count de 
Hardcnberg ; his Minister of State and of the Cabinet, his Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Congress of 
Vienna, Ac. ; who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, 
found in good and proper form, have agreed to the following 
Articles : 

Cessions made hy Prussia to Hanover, 

Art. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXVII.) 

Renunciation hy Prussia of the Chapter of St, Petei\ 

Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXVIII.) 

Cession hy Hesse-Gassel to Hanover. Indemnities hy Prussia. 

Art. hi. His Majesty the King of Prussia engages, in con- 
sideration of certain indemnities to be taken out of the mass of 
the countries secured to him by the arrangements of the Congress 
of Vienna, to induce : 

1. His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse to cede to His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, King of Hanover, to be possessed by him and his suc- 
cessors, in full sovereignty and property, the three bailiwicks of 
Uechte, Freudenberg, and Aubourg, otherwise called Wagenfeld, 
with the districts and territories dependent thereon, as well as 

174 



Mo. 21] PRUSSIA AND HANOYER. [29 May, 1815. 

[Lauenbnrff, Oldenburg, Ac] 

that part which His Royal Highness possesses of the County of 
Schaumburg and the Lordships of Plessen and Neuengleichen. 

2. His Serene Highness the Landgrave of Hesse Bothen- 
burg to renounce for ever the rights which he possesses in the 
said Lordship of Plessen, in order that these rights may be trans- 
ferred to His Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover. As the 
cession on the part of His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse 
and the renunciation of the Landgrave of Hesse Rothenburg, 
above mentioned, have not been obtained within the three months 
prescribed by Article XL of the Protocol of the 13th of February, 
1815 ; and as the reciprocal cessions ought to have been effected 
pursuant to that Article, with the reservation, that whilst Prussia 
continued in possession of the territory destined as a compen- 
sation to the Elector of Hesse and the Landgrave of Rothen- 
burg, Hanover should retain, on her part, that portion of the 
Duchy of Lauenburg which has been made over to His Prussian 
Majesty, in virtue of Article IV ; this arcangement shall continue 
in force imtil Hanover shall have actually acquired the cessions 
and renunciations on the part of Hesse, and mitil the (Jovem- 
ments of Prussia and Hanover shall have agreed upon indemnities 
to be given to the latter for the diminution which would result 
from the loss of the territories comprised in the said cession and 
renunciation, indemnities which shall be provided out of the 
Eichsfeld, and of the Prussian part of the County of Hohen- 
stein. 

His Prussian Majesty and His Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent of Great Britain and Hanover, having already consented 
to the other cessions to be made in virtue of the stipulations con- 
tained in the Protocol of the 13th February, 1815, the two High 
Contracting Parties will give the necessary orders that these 
cessions may be completed in 8 weeks from the date of the 
signature of the present Treaty. 

Cessions made hy Hanover to Prussia, 

Art. IV. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXIX.) 

Navigation of the Em,% and Port of Emhden. 

m 

Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXX.) 

175 



29 May, 1815.] peussia and hanover. [Ho. 21 

[Lauenbnrff, Oldenlnurff, Ac] 

the Duke of Oldenburg, promises to cede to him a district con- 
taining a population of 5,000 inhabitants. 

notifications, 

Abt. Xin. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Bati« 
fications exchanged within four weeks, or sooner, if possiUe. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 29th May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 

rL.S.) LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE MUNSTER. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE HARDENBERG. 



178 



No. 22] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND NETHERLANDS. [31 May, 1815: 
[Holland and Belffiom, Laxemburff, Ac] 

No. 22.—TREA TY between Great Britain, Austria^ Prusiia, 
and Russia^ and the Netherlands. Signed at T^^nna, 
dlst May, 1815. 

[This Treaty formed Annex X to the Vienna Congress Treaty 

of 0th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Asf. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. Territories forming Kingdom of the Netkerland; Rooognition by 

Austria of Rojral Digmtj in the House of Oran^e-Neusau, 

2. Boundaries of the Kingdom of the NetherlandM* Frontier between CUves 

and United Provinces. Mixed Commission between Pruena and the 
Netherlands. Frussiaa renunciation of Huieeen, Malbnrff^ Lymerg, 
SevenaeTf and Weel, 

3. Qrand Duchy of Luxemburg. SoTcreignty of the King of the Net h er * 

lands. Succession. Grand Duchy of Luxemburg a State of the Oer" 
manic Confederation. Luxemburg a Fortress of the Germanic Con* 
federation. Right of King of the Netherlands to Fortify. 

4. Bcmndaries of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, Arrangements retpeotiiig 

the Duchy of Bouillon, Disputes to be settled by Arbitration. 
6. Cession to Prussia of the German Possessions of the House of Nasism* 
Orange, Principality of Fulda, 

6. Family Pact of the Princes of Nassau, Succession. 

7. Charges and Engagements relating to the ProTinoes detached from 

France, 

8. Basis of the Uiuon of the Belgic Provinces. 

9. Commission to settle conccnis of ceded Possessions of House of Nassau. 
10. Ratifications. 

Annex to Article VIII of the Treaty of Slst May, 1815. 

Act of Acceptance of Sovereignity of Belgic Provinces by the Pnnce 
Sovereign of the Netherlands. 21st July, 1814. 

1. Union of j8e/^t«m with ^of /a n(f. Constitution. 

2. Religious Equality. 

3. Belgic Provinces to be represented in Assembly of States Gkneral. 

4. Equality of Inhabitants of the Netherlands. 
6. Commerce and Navigation in Dutch Colonies. 

6. Debts to be paid by the Netherlands. 

7. Expenses of Frontier Fortresses to be paid by the Netherlands, 

8. Repair of Dykes. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 
IIis Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and 

• For French version, see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 187. 

179 N 2 



81 May, 1815.] aRSAT BBITAIN, &c.» AND NETHERLANDS. CNo.22 
[Holland and Belflrium, Lnzemburir, d^.] 

Commission to settle concerns of Ceded Possessions of House of 

Nassau, 

Art. IX. A GommiBsiou shall be immediately appointed by His 
Majesty the King of Prussia and His Majesty the King of the 
Netherlands, to settle whatever relates to the cession of those 
Possessions of the House of Nassau which belong to His Majesty, 
with regard to records, debts, excesses of the public chests, and 
and other subjects of this nature. 

That part of the records which does not concern the ceded 
provinces, but only the House of Orange, and libraries, collections 
of maps, and all other objects of the same description, belonging 
to His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, shall be retained by 
him as private and personal property, and shall be immediately 
restored to His Majesty. A part of the said p9ssessions being 
exchanged against other possessions of the Duke and Prince of 
Nassau, His Majesty the King of Prussia engages, and His 
Majesty the King of the Netherlands consents, that the engage- 
ment stipulated in the present Article shall be transferred to their 
Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau with respect 
to those possessions which are to be united to their States.* 

Ratifications, 

Art. X. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifica- 
tions exchanged in six weeks, or sooner, if possible. 

In faith of which the above-mentioned Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the dlst of May, in the year of our Lord 

1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE BARON WESSENBERG. 

(L.S.) LB BARON DE SPAEN. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE GAGERN. 



Annex to Article VIII of the Treaty of ^\st May^ 1815. 

Act signed by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of the 
Netherlands, on the occasion of His Royal Highness's acceptance 
of the Sovereignty of the Belgic Provinces, of 21st July, 1814 
(No. 4). 

Note. — Treaties containixig the eame stipulatioiiB were concluded and 
signed between Ghreat Britain, Prussia and Russia, and the Netherlands, on the 
same day. 

• See Treatj between Prussia and Nassau, of 31st May, 1816, Art. XVII. 

182 



Mo. 23] FBUSSIA AND NASSAU. [31 May, 1815. 

[Blirenbroitotain, Ao.] 

No. 2Z.—C0NVENTI0]>J between Prussia and the Duke 
and Frince of Nassau. Signed at Vienna^ 31st May^ 1815. 



[This Convention formed Annex VIII to the Vienna Congress 

Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tabli. 

L Cetsions hj Nauau to Prussia, 
2. CeflsioiiB bj Prussia to Nassau, 

8. Commissioners to determine what parts of Siegeni &c., are to be ceded 
by Prussia to Nassau. 

4. Public and Demesnial Property of ceded Territories. Neither Party to 

possess enclaves in Territory of the other. Benunciation*. Property 
belonging to Duke and Prince of Nassau, 

5. Fortress of Ehrenbreitstein, 

6. Import and Export Trade on the Bhine, through ShrtnbreUsiein and 

Vallendar, 

7. Arrears of Beyenue and Surplus of Public Chests. 

8. Debts of ceded Territories. 

9. Pensions. 

10. Local Functionaries and Persons in Office to remain in ceded Territories. 

Pensions if allowed to retire. 

11. Military Persons to return to their native Country after the Campaign. 

Officers may remain in serrico of coded Country. 

12. Condemned and Insane Persons to be sent to their native Country. 

13. Archives of ceded Territories. 

14. Engagements of Prussia relative to Post Offices of Taxis, 

15. Military Boad from Giessen to Ehrenbreitstein, 

16. Appointment of Commissioners for the settlement of Debts, Pensions, &c. 

17. Nassau to fulfil Engagements made by Prussia relative to Mutual 

Cessions of Territory. 

18. Batifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

The hereditary possessions of the House of Orange having 
been transferred as an indemnity to His Majesty the King of 
Prussia, in virtue of the stipulations agreed upon between the 
Powers assembled at the Congress of Vienna, and a territorial 
arrangement with their Serene Higlmesses the Duke and Prince 
of Nassau, having been expressly reserved, His Majesty the King 
of Pmssia has appointed as his Plenipotentiary to conclude such 
arrangement, viz.: the Prince Hardenberg, his Chancellor of 
State, his Pu^t Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Vienna, &c. 

And their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau, 

• For French and German Version?, sec " State Papers/* vol. ii, p. 103, 

183 



31 Me«r, 1815.] PEUSSIA AND NASSAU. [Ho. 23 

[B]irenl)reitstein, Ao,] 

Ernest Francis Louis Marshal de Bieberstein, and their Principal 
Minister of State and Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. 

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, have agreed 
on the following Articles : • 

Cessions by Nassau to Prussia, 

Art. I. Their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of 
Nassau cede to His Majesty the Kmg of Prussia, in full sove- 
reignty and property, the bailiwicks, parishes, and places hereafter 
mentioned :* 

1. The bailiwick of Linz. 

2. The bailiwick of Altenwied. 
8. The bailiwick of Schonberg. 

4. The bailiwick of AltenMrchen. 

5. The parish of Ham, formerly composing part of the 
bailiwick of Hachenberg. 

6. The bailiwick of Schonstein. 

7. That of Frensberg. 

8. That of Friedewald. 

9. That of Dierdorf. 

10. The detached part of the bailiwick of Hersbach, bordering 
on Altenkirchen. 

11. The bailiwick of Neuerburg. 

12. That of Hammerstein, together with Irlich and Engers. 

13. The bailiwick of Huddesdorf. 

14. The town of Neuwied. 

15. The communes of Gladbach, Heimbach, Weiss, Sayn, 
Miihlhofen, Bendorf, Weitersburg, Vallendar, and Mallendar, 
forming part of the bailiwick of Vallendar. 

16. The communes of Nieder-Werth, Nieder-Berg, Urber, Im- 
mendorf, Neudorf, Ahrenberg, Ehrenbreitstein, together with the 
mills of Arzheim, Pf affendorf, and Horchheim, forming part of the 
bailiwick of Ehrenbreitstein. 

17. The bailiwick of Braunfels. 

18. That of Greifenstein. 

19. That of Hohen-solms. 

Cessions by Prussia to Nassau, 

Art. II. His Majesty the King of Prussia, on his part, cedes 
to their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau, with 
aH the rights of sovereignty and property thereunto belonging : 

• See Yiexma Congress Treatj of 9th June, 1815, Art. XILIY. 

184 



No. 23] PBU33IA AND NASSAU. [31 May, 1815. 

[Ehrenbreitstein, Ac] 

1. The three Principalities formerly possessed by the House of 
Nassau-Orange, viz., Dietz, Iladaruar, and Dillenburg, including 
the Lordship of Beilstein, excepting, however, the bailiwicks of 
Bnrbach and Neunkirchen. 

2. A part of the Principality of Siegen, and of the bailiwicks 
of Burbach and Neunkirchen, containing a population of 12,000 
inhabitants, and composed of communes contiguous to the princi- 
pality of Dillenburg.* 

3. Lastly, the Lordships of Westerburg and Schadek, and that 
part of the Bailiwick of Runkel which belonged to the former 
Grand Duchy of Berg. 

Commissioners to determine what parts of Siegen, ^c.j are to he 

ceded by Prussia to Nassau, 

Art. III. The part of the Principality of Siegen, and of the 
bailiwicks of Burbach and Neunkirchen, which is to be ceded in 
virtue of the above Articles, shall be determined by Commissioners, 
to be appointed by the two High Contracting Parties with &s 
little delay as possible, and, at furthest, within four weeks after 
the ratification of the present Treaty; but, at all events, pre- 
viously to the taking possession of the provinces belonging to the 
House of Nassau-Oraugo. 

The Commissioners shall conform to the principle of the con- 
tiguity of these portions with the respective territories ; and they 
shall take especial care that the relations with regard to the com- 
munes, to the Church, and to industry, as they at present exist, 
shall be maintained. Under the relations of industry, are 
specially included those which relate to the working of mines. 

In the event of these Commissioners not agreeing upon one or 
other of these points, they are authorised to refer to an Arbitrator, 
of their own appointment, whose decision shall be final. 

Public and Demesnial Property of ceded Territories. Neither Party 
to possess Enclaves in Territory of the other. 
Art. IV. The bailiwicks and portions of territory to be re- 
ciprocally ceded, in conformity to Articles I, II, and HI, shall be 
transferred to the future possessor, with all the precincts of the 
communes belonging thereto, together with all the public and de- 
mesnial property contained in these temtories, under whatever 
denomination they may have been held, or whatever be the title 
by which they may have been acquired. Neither Party shall 

• Seo Vienna Congress Treaty of OJi June, 1S15, Art. XXIV. 

185 



31 May, 1815.] pbussia ajsd vassau. [No. 28 

[Ebrenbreitstein, Ac] 

possess enclaves in the territory of the other, and, particularly, 
the Abbeys of Kommersdorf, Sayn, Nieder-Werth, and Basselick, 
situated in the communes ceded by Article I, shall be compre- 
hended in the Prussian territory, with all their property inclosed 
within the Prussian limits. 

Renunciations. 

The two Contracting Parties renounce reciprocally, in behalf 
of each other, all reveimes, rights of suzerainete^ feudal or other 
rights, of whatever description, which might have belonged to 
one party in the territory of the other. 

Property belonging to Duke and Frince of Nassau. 

The utensils of the mint of Ehrenbreitstein, the furniture in 
the castle of Engers, and the yachts belonging to tlieir Serene 
ffighnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau, are re8er\'ed to them, 
to be taken awav in three months from the date of the ratificivtion 
of the present Treaty. 

Fortress of Ehrenbreitstein,* 

Abt. v. In order to insure and complete the fortifications and 
defence of the ancient Fortress of Ehrenbreitstein, situated in the 
territory ceded by the House of Nassau, in case it should be 
considered expedient to re-establish it, it is agreed that Prussia 
shall, in general, be at liberty to erect military works wherever it 
may be thought proper, at the distance of 1,500 Rhenish yards 
{Rheinldndischen ruthen) from the Fortress, even in those conmiunes 
which may remain under the sovereignty of the House of Nassau, 
an indemnity being, however, given to the landowners, and with- 
out prejudice to territorial relations. 

Import and Eaport Trade on the Rhine^ through Ehrenbreitstein and 

Vallendar. 

Art. VI. In order that the cessions agreed upon in Article I 
may not prove detrimental to the commerce of the Duchy of 
Nassau, it is agreed that the import and export trade on the 
Rhine by roads leading to that river, through Ehrenbreitstein and 
Vallendar, shall not experience any obstacle in respect to the 
inhabitants of that Duchy, nor be subjected to any new charges. 

Arrears of Revenue and Surplus of Public Chests. 

Art. VII. With respect to arrears of revenues, and the surplus 
of the public chests, the same principles shall be acted upon as 

• See Vienna Congress Treatj of 9th June, 1816, Art. XXIV, § 2. 

186 



Mo. 23] VHUSmA AND NASSAU, [31 Slaj; 1815. 

[Shr^nbreitsteiiiy ^c] 

have been adopted, and are now observed, in regard to similar 
objects towards llis Majesty the King of the Netherlands, in 
those proportions of territory which have been transferred to His 
said Majesty by His Majesty the King of Prussia. 

Debts of Ceded Territories. 
Akt. VIII. With regard to Debts belon^g to the ceded por- 
tions of territory, it is agreed : 

A. That the private Debts of the communes, parishes, baili- 
wicks, districts, or provinces, shall be transferred, with these 
communes, parishes, bailiwicks, districts, and provinces to their 
future possessor, and shall continue to belong to them. When 
the bwliwicks, districts, or provinces shall have been divided, the 
debts of these bailiwicks, districts, or provinces, respectively, 
shall be shared between the two Governments, in the proportion 
in which the ceded parts have hitherto contributed to the pay- 
ment of interest and the reimbursement of the capital ; or, if this 
proportion cannot be settled, in that in which these countries have 
in general contributed to the ordinary expenses. 

B. The Debts of the public chests and chamber of finance of 
the Duchy of Nassau, such as their amount was ascertained to be 
on the dlst December, 1814, shall be divided between the two 
Parties, in the proportion of the net revenues which the ceded 
territories have annually paid into the central state chests and the 
chamber of finance, taking for average the five years immediately 
preceding 1812, adding thereto, however, the net revenue of the 
bailiwick of Bunkel in the year 1814. 

C. The State Debts, and those of the chamber of finance of 
the Princes of Nassau-Orange, shall be divided between the two 
Contracting Parties, in the proportion and according to the period 
already agreed upon, taking as the average the net revenues of 
the chamber of Nassau-Orange in the five years from 1801 to 
1805, and adding to each of these years the net revenues of the 
Lordships of Westerburg and Schadeck, such as they were in 
1814. 

D. The Debts of Nassau-Saarbruck, with which the state chest 
of the Duchy of Nassau may yet be burdened, are not comprised 
in this distribution, but shall remain exclusively at the charge of 
the House of the Duke and Prince of Nassau. 

Petisians. 

Art. IX. The Pensions which have been granted for services 

187 



31 May, 18150 PRUSSIA and NASSAU. [Ho. 23 

[EhrenbreltBtein, &o.] 

little delay as possible. They shall be empowered to take such 
measures as may be necessary, in order that the payment of the 
interest of Public Debts and that of Pensions may not experience 
any interruption, that the public credit may not be shaken, and that 
the business of the public offices may be conducted as heretofore. 

Nassau to fulfil Engagements made by Prussia with the Nether^ 
lands relative to mutual Cessions of TeiTitory^ belonging to House 
of Nassau- Orange, 

Art. XVII, As the Convention concluded the 31st May 
between their Majesties the King of Prussia and the King of the 
Netherlands, relative to mutual Cessions of territory (No, 22), 
contains an Article worded as follows : 

"A Commission shall be immediately appointed by His Majesty 
the King of Prussia and His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, 
to settle whatever relates to the cession of those possessions of 
the House of Nassau which belong to His Majesty', with regard 
to records, debts, excesses of the public chests, and other subjects 
of this nature. 

" That part of the records which does not concern the ceded 
provinces, but only the House of Orange, and libraries, collections 
of maps, and all other objects of the same description, belonging 
to His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, shall be retained by 
him as private and personal property, and shall be immediately 
restored to His Majesty. A part of the said possessions being 
exchanged against other possessions of the Duke and Prince of 
Nassau, His Majesty the King of Prussia engages, and His 
Majesty the King of the Netherlands consents, that the engage- 
ment stipulated in the pi^sent Article shall be transferred to their 
Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau with respect 
to those possessions which are to be united to their States."* 

Their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau 
engage to fulfil, in the name and place of His Majesty the King 
of Prussia, the engagements he has contracted on their account, 
as far as these engagements concern the territories and portions 
of territory belonging to the House of Nassau-Orange, which, by 
the present Treaty, are ceded to them. 

Eatijicationa. 

Abt. .XVIII. The Katifications of this Convention shall be 
exchanged in four weeks, or sooner, if possible. 

* See Treaty between PruMia and Naeean, of diet Maj, 1816, Art. XYII. 

190 



Ho. 23] PRUSSIA AND NASSAU. [31 May, 1815. 

[Ehrenbreitstein, Ac] 

The ceded subjects shall be at once released from the oaths of 
fidelity which bound them to their former Sovereigns. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the present Convention, and have caused to be affixed thereunto 
the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna the 31st May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) MARSCHALLDE BIEBERSTEIN. 



tOl 



No. 24] PEUSSIA AND SAXE-WEIMAE. [1 June, 1815. 

[TeTritorial.1 



No. 24u— CONVENTION between Prussm and the Grand 
Duke of Saae-Weimar. — Signed at Vienna^ Ist June^ 1815. 



[This Convention formed Annex VII to the Vienna Congress 

Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

1. CessioDB bj Prussia to Saxe^Weitnar on borders of Weimar and in FMa, 

2. Cessions to ScuDe-Weimar to bo settled by a Conyention. 
8. Other Cessions to be made by Prussia to Saxe-Weimar, 

4. New Conyention to make arrangements relatiye to Debts, Beoords, Public 
Funds, &c. Saxe-Weimar to fulfil engagements relatiyp to Ghrand 
Ducbj of Frankfort, 

6. Batifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament*) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the King of Prussia being desirous of canying 
into effect the arrangements agreed upon at the Congress of 
Vienna, in favom: of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of 
Saxe-Weimar, and which His Prussian Majesty has engaged to 
fulfil; and His Majesty, as well as His Royal Highness the 
Grand Duke, having resolved to conclude a particular Treaty for 
this purpose, the two Sovereigns have named Plenipotentiaries to 
concert, agree upon, and sign, whatever relates to this subject, 
viz.: 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince Hardenberg, his 
Chancellor of State, his First Plenipotentiary at the Congress of 
Vienna, &c. ; 

And the Sieur Charles William, Baron Humboldt, his Minister 
of State, Chamberlain, and Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, his 
Second Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Vienna ; 

And His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 
the Siem: Ernest Augusjtus, Baron de GersdorfF, his Privy Coun- 
cillor ; 

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found in 
good and due form, have agreed to the following Articles : 

• For French Version, see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. ICO, 

192 



Ho. 24] PRUSSIA AND SAXE- WEIMAR. [1 June, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 

Cessions bt/ Prussia to Saxe- Weimar on Borders of Weiniar and in 

Ftdda. 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of Pmssia engages to cede to 
His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, from the 
mass of his States, as they have been fixed and recognised by 
the stipulations of the Congress of Vienna, certain districts, 
containing a population of 50,000 mliabitants, either contiguous 
to or bordering upon the Principality of Weimar. 

His Prussian Majesty engages also to cede to his Royal 
Highness, in that part of the Principality of Fulda which has 
l^een given up to him in virtue of the same stipulations, districts 
containing a population of 27,000 inhabitants. 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Weimar shall possess 
the above districts in full Sovereignty and property, and shall 
unite them, in perpetuity, to his present states. 

Cessions to Saxe- Weimar to be settled by a Convention, 

Art. II. The districts and territories which are io be ceded to 
His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, in virtue 
of the preceding Article, shall be determined by a particular 
Convention ;* and His Majesty the King of Prussia engages to 
conclude this Convention, and to cause the above districts and 
territories to be given up to His Royal Highness, within two 
months from the date of th(» exchange of the ratifications of the 
pi-esent Treaty. 

Other Cessions to he made by Prussia to Saxe- Weimar. 

Art. III. In order, however, to meet the wishes of His Royal 
Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, His ISIajesty ihe 
King of Pmssia cedes innnediately, and promises tn give up to 
His Royal Highness, in the space of a fortnight, reckoinng from 
the signature of the present Treaty, the following districts and 
territories, viz. : — 
(Embodied in Yienna Congress Treaty (No. 27), as Art. XXXIX.) 

Xew Convfntion to male Arrangement,^ relative to Debts, Records, 

Public Funds, (J-c. 

Art. IV. All additional anangements to be n)ade, in virtue of 
the Cessions stipulated in Article III, relative to debts, records 

• See ConTention between Prussia and Saxe-Weimar, of 22nd September, 
1815. 

193 o 



1 June, 1815.] PRUSSIA AND SAXEWEIHAB. [Mo. 2 4 

[Territorial.l 

public funds, and other objects of a siniilar nature, shall form part 
of the particular Convention mentioned in Article II. 

Saxe- Wehnav to fvljil Engagements relative to Grand Duchif 

of Frankfort, 

Uis Royal Highness the Grand Duke specially engages, on 
obtaining possession of the Principality of Fulda,* according to 
the extent of the possessions which shall belong to him, to fulfil 
the engagements which will be required of the new possessors of 
the former Grand Duchy of Frankfort, 

Ratifications, 

Art. V. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifica- 
tions exchanged in four weeks. 

In faith of which, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have afi^ed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Vienna, 1st June, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBER6. 
(L.S.) LB BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE GERSDORFF. 

* See Conyention between Prussia and Saxe- Weimar, of 22nd September 
1816. 



194 



Mo. 25] DENMARK AND PRUSSIA. [4 June, 1815. 

[Pomerania, Baren, and Lanenburff.] 



No. 25. — TREA TY between Denmark and Prussia. Signed 

at Vienna, 4th June, 1815. 

Abt. Table. 

1. Cession of Swedish Pomerania and Island of Rugen to Prussia, 

2. Obligation imposed on King of Prussia. 

S. Cession of Lauenburg to Denmark. Bailiwick of Neuhauss^ &o., excepted. 

4. Obligations imposed on the King of Denmark. 

5. DeliTery of Titles, Documents, &c., of Lauenburg to King of Denmark. 
G. Pecuniary Payment to be made bj Prussia to Denmark. 

7. Further Pecuniaxy Indemnity to be made by Prussia to Denmark. 

8. Date of delircry of Duchy of Lauenburg to Denmark, 

9. Settlement of Claims. 
10. Ratifications. 

(Translation.*) 

IIis Majesty the King of Denmark and His Majesty the King 
of Prussia, wishing for motives of mutual convenience to agree 
to the reciprocal Cession of the Duchy of Swedish Pomerania, 
with the Principality of Rugen,t and of the Duchy of Lauenburg, 
and having resolved to conclude a formal Treaty to that effect, 
have appointed Plenipotentiaries to concert, conclude, and sign nil 
that is necessary for that object, namely : — 

His Majesty the King of Denmark, Christian Gunther Count 
de Bemstoi-fF, his Councillor of Conferences, his Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of IIis Imperial 
and Apostolic Majesty, and his Plenipotentiary at the Congress, 
&c., and Joachim Frederic Count do BorastorfP, his Councillor of 
(•onferences, and his Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. ; 

And His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince of Harden- 
l)erg, his Chancellor of State, and his First Plenipotentiary at the 
Congress of Vienna, &c. ; and Charles Guiilaume Baron de Ilum- 
lM.)ldt, Minister of State of His said Majesty, his Cliamberlain, his 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenip()teiitiary at the Court 
of His IiHperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, his Stn-ond Pleni- 
lK)tentiary at the Congress of Vienna, &c. ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found to l)e in 
g<xyd and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : — 

• For French version, see " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 181. 
t See Treaty between Denmark and Sweden, of 14th January, 1814, 
Art. VII, Appendix. 

105 O 2 



4 June, 1815.] DENMARK AXD PBL &SIA. [Mo. 25 

[Fomerania, Bo^en, and Lauenborff.] 

O.^'iton of SiccdUh Pouierania and Island of Rugea to Prmmu 
AuT. I. Ilis Majesty the King of Denmark, as well for himself 
as for his successors, renounces irrevocably and in all perpetuity, 
in favour of His Majesty the King of Prussia, and his successors, 
all the nghts and titles which his Treaty of Peace with His 
Majesty the King of Sweden, concluded at Kiel, 14th January, 
1814,* has given him over the Duchy of Swedish Pomerania and 
the Principality of the Island of Rugen. 

Swedish Poimrania and Island of Rugen, Obligations imposed on 

the King of Prussia, 

Art. II. His Majesty the King of Prussia, on entering into 
possession of these rights and titles, takes upon himself the obli- 
gations which His Majesty the King of Denmark has contracted, 
with regard to the cession whicli has been made to him of 
Swedish Pomerania and the Island of Rugen, by Articles VIII, 
IX, X, XI, XII, XX, XXII, XXIII, XXIV, and XXVI of the 
Treaty of Kiel.f 

Cession of Laucnhurg hj Prussia to Denmark. 

AuT. III. His Majesty the King of Prussia cedes in all per- 
petuity to His Majesty the King of Denmark, the Duchy of 
Laueuburg, to Ix) jwssessed by His Majesty in all sovereignty and 
possession, with its rights, titles, and emoluments, in the same 
maimer as the said Duchy was ceded to His Prussian Majesty b^* 
Article IV of the Treaty concluded at Vienna, 29th May, 1815 
(No. 21) between him and His Brit^mic Majesty, King of 
Hanover. 

Bailiwick of Neuhauss^ tj-c, excepted. 

The Bailiwick of Neuliauss, situated between Mecklenburg 
and the Ellje, tis well as the Lauenburg Villages contiguous 
to that bailiwick, or which are enclosed therein, are nevertheless 
cx(!epted from this cession. 

Obligations imposed on the King if Denmark. 

AuT. IV. His Majesty the King of Denmark engages to take 
upon himself the obligations which His Majesty the King of 
Prussia contracted with regard to the Duchy of Lauenburg, by 
Articles IV, V, and IX, of the Treaty of 29th May, 1815 (No. 21), 

^ Sm page 27 and Appendix. f See Appendix. 

196 



Ko. 26] DENMARK AND PRUSSIA. [4 June, 1815. 

[Pomerania, Buren, and Lauenburff.] 

between Prussia and His Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover, it 
being nevertheless well understood, that the bailiwick of Keuhauss 
shall share proportionately with its jx)pulation the burden of the 
debts, which, with the possession of the Duchj', devolve upon 
the new possessor. This point shall be definitively settled by the 
respective Commissionei-s which shall be appointed, on the one 
part to make over, and on the other to receive the ceded Province. 
The stipulations of Article VII of the same Treaty are main- 
tained in favom- of Ilis Majesty the King of Denmark. 

DeUvetnf of Titles^ Documents^ ^c, of Lauenhurg^ to King of 

Denmark, 
Art. V. His Majesty the King of Pmssia engages to make 
over to His Danish Majesty all the titles, docnments, papers, 
maps, and plans respecting the ceded part of the Duchy of 
Lauenburg, such and as soon as the Hanovenan Goveniment 
shall have delivered them. 

Pecuniary Payment to be made hy Pmssia to Denmark, 

Art. VI. In virtue of an agixxjment entered into between the 
Courts of Prussia and Sweden, His Majesty the Eling of Pmssia 
engages to pay to His Majesty the King of Demnark, the sum of 
600,000 crowns, of the Bank of Sweden, which still remains duo 
by the Swedish Government to His Danish Majesty. This pay- 
ment shall be made within two months, dating from the signature 
of the present Treaty, and accoi*ding to the rate of exchange on 
the day of such signatuiw 

Further Pecuniary Indemnity to be made by Prusitla to Denmark. 

Art. VII. To complete the indemnity' due to llis Majesty the 
King of Denmark, for the cession of Swedish Pomerania, and of 
the Island of Rugen, His Majesty- the King of Pnissia engages 
besides to pay to His Danish Majesty tlie sum of 2,000,000 crowns, 
Pnissiau currencj'. That sum shall l)e paid at the following 
periods, namely* :— 

500,000 crowns on the Ist of January of the fii-st year after 
the conclusion of i^^ace which shall put an end to the present war 
with France ; 

500,000 crowns on the 1st July of the same year, and the same 
sum on the 1st of January, and the 1st of July of the following 
year. 

197 



8 June, 1815.] germaxy. [No. 26 

[Constitution of Omrmany.] 

No. 26. — Federative Constitution of Gerinanj/. Menna, 

6th June, 1815.* 



[This Constitution foi-mcd Annex IX to the Vienna Congress 

Tivaly of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Art. Table. 

1. Oennanic Confederation. 

2. Objoct of the Confederation. 

3. Equality of the Members. 

4. Federative Diet. 

5. Presidencj of Austria at Diet. 

6. Composition of the General Assembly. 

7. Arrangements relating to the Diet. 

8. Order of Voting in Diet. 

9. Diet to assemble at Frankfort, 

10. The Framing of Fundamental Laws. 

11. 1. Maintenance of Peace in German if. Disputes to be settled through 

Mediation of the Diet, or by an Austregal Court. 

11. 2. Particular Arrangements. 

1 2. Fonnation of Supreme Tribunals. 

1 3. Separate Assemblies of States. 

14. Rights of Mediatised Princes. Rights of the Ancient Nobility of the 

Empire. 

15. Guarantee by the Confederation of the Rents assigned upon the Naviga- 

tion Duties of the Shine, and of the Pensions to the CQergy or Laity. 
Pensions to I^Icmbcrs of the Teutonic Order. Fund for support of 
Bishops and Clergy on left bank of the Rhine. 
IG. Quality of CirU and PoUtical Rights to Christian Sects. Civil Rights of 
Jews. 

17. Postal Revenues to be retained by Tour and Taxis. 

18. Rights of Subjects of Confederate States. 

19. Commerce and Navigation from one State to another. 

20. Ratifications. 

(TiaiiHlalioii as laid before I'arliameijt.j) 

Cevmanic Conjhkration.^ 

Akt. 1. (Euil)udied in Vienna Congress Ti-eaty (No. 27) as 
Alt. LIII.) 

• StH? Convention between Austria and Prussia, of 1st July, 1816; and 
Treaty betwtrn Great Britain, &c., and France, of 30th November, 1815, 
Art. VT. 

t For Oorman Version and Fremh Translation, see "State Pajwrs," vol. 
ii, p. 111. 

X See also Final Act of 15th Mar, 1820. 

* 200 



No. 28] GERMA^NY. [8 June, 1815. 

[Coxistitution of Oermany.l] 

Object of the Confederation, 

Art. IL (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LIV.) 

EqiMlity of the Members, 

Art. III. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LV.) 

Federative Diet, 

Art. IV. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LVI.) 

Fresidency of A iistria at Diet, 

Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LVII.) 

Composition of the General Assembly, 

Art. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LVIII.> 

Arrangements relating to the Diet, 

Art. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LIX.) 

Order of Voting in Diet, 

Art. VIII. (Embodied in Viemia Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LX.) 

Diet to assemble at Frankfort, 

Aut. IX. (Euibodit'd in Vieima Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXI.) 

I'he Framing of Fundamental Laws, 

Art. X. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXII.) 

Maintenance of Peace in Germany. Disputes to be settled through 
Mediation oj the Diet^ or by an Austregal Court, 

Art. XL 1. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXIII.) 

201 



V 



8 Jane, 1815.] oebmany. [Ho. 26 

[Oonstitution of Oermany]. 

ParUculnr A rrangements, 
Abt. XL 2. Besides the points settled in the pi^eceding 
Articles, i-elative to the estabhshnieiit of the Confederation, the 
Confederated States have agreed to tlie arrangements contained in 
the following Articles, with regard to the subjects hereafter 
mentioned, which Articles shall have the same force and validity 
as the preceding ones. 

Finmatiou i>f St(pi'Cinc Tribtnuih. 

Art. XII. Those members of the Confederation who^ 
possessions do not cr)ntain a i>opulation to the number of 300,000 
souls, shall unite themselves to the reigning Houses of the same 
line, or to others of the Confederated States whose population* 
added to theirs will amount to the number here specified, for the 
purpose of jointly forming a Supreme Tribunal. 

In those States, however, of a smaller population, where 
similar tribunals of the Third Instance ali'eady exist, they shall be 
continued on their present footing, provided the population of the 
State to which they belong he not less than 150,000 souls. 

The Four Free Cities shall have the right of uniting together in 
the formation of a common and supreme Tribunal. 

Each party appearing before these joint and supreme Tiibunals 
shall be authorised to demand a reference of the proceedings to 
the Faculty of Law l)elonging to a foreign [Jniversity, or to a 
Court of Reference (mge iVvchetun) to whom the final sentence 
shall be submitted. 

Separate A.'<stinhfif's of State.^. 
Art. XIII. There shall be Assemblies of the States in all the 
countries l)elonging to the Confederation. 

Bights of Mediatised Princes. 

Art. XIV. In order to securc to the ancient States of the 
Empire, mediatised in 1806, and in the subsequent years, the en- 
joyment of equal rights in all countries belonging to the Confede- 
ration, and conformable to the relations at present existing 
between them, the Confederated States establish the following 
principles : 

A. The Houses of the Mediatised Princes and Counts are 
nevertheless to rank equally with the high Nobility of Geimany, 
and are to retain the same privileges of birthright with the 
Sovereign Houses {Ebfnbftrtigkeit) as they have hitherto enjoyed. 

202 



Mo. 86] c^£BMANY. [8 June, 1815. 

[Oonstltution of Gtomany.] 

B. The heads of these Houses are to form the principal class 
of the States in the countries to which they belong : they, as well 
as their families, are to be included in the number of the most 
privileged persons, i)articularly in respect to taxes. 

C. With regard to themselves, their families and property, 
they are generally to retain all the rights and privileges attached 
to their possessions, and which do not belong to the Supreme 
Authority, or to the attributes of Goveniment. 

Among the rights which are secured to them by this Article, 
are specially included : — 

1. The perfect liberty of i-esiding in any State belonging to 
the Confederation, or at peace with it. 

2. The maintenance of family compacts, conformably to the 
ancient Constitution of Germany; and the right of connecting 
their estatei and the members of their families by obligatory ar- 
rangements, which, however, ought to be made known to the 
Sovereig^i, and to the public authorities. 

Tlie laws by which this right has l)een hitherto restricted, 
shall not be applicable to future cases. 

3. The privilege of being amenable only to superior tribunals, 
and of being exempt from all military' conscription for themselves 
and families. 

4. The exercise of civil and criminal jurisdiction, in the First 
Instance^ and, if the possessions are sufiBciently extensive, in the 
Second Instance^ the exercise of the forest jurisdiction, of the local 
police, and of the inspection of churches, schools, and charitable 
institutions, the whole conformably to the laws of the country to 
which they remain subject, as well as to the military regulations 
and supreme authority reserved to the Governments, respecting 
objects of the above-mentioned prerogatives, for the better de- 
termining them, and, in general, for the adjusting and consoli- 
dating the rights of Mediatised Princes, Counts, and Lords, in a 
manner uniform to all the States of the German Confederation. 
The Ordinance issued upon this subject by His Majesty the King 
of Bavaria, in 1807, shall be adopted as a general rule. 

Rights of the A ncient Nobility of the Empire. 

The ancient and unmediate Nobility of the Empire (JAncienne 
Noblesse immediate de VEmpire) shall enjoy the rights specified in 
Sections 1 and 2, namely, of sitting in the Assembly of the States, 
of exercising the patrimonial and foi-ost jurisdiction, of the local 

203 



8 Jane, 1815.] GERMANY. [No. 26 

[Constitution of Qermany.l 

police, of presentations to CLurch benefices, as well as of not 
being amenable to the ordinary tribunals. 

These rights shall, however, be exercised according to the 
regulations established b}'' the laws of the country in which the 
members of this Nobility have possessions. 

In the provinces detached from (lermany by the Peace of 
Luneville of the Dth of February, 1801, and which are at present 
reunited thereto, the jirinciplos above specified, relative to the 
ancient and immediate Nobility of the Empire, shall, in their ap- 
plication, be subject to such modifications as may be rendered 
necessary by the relations which exist in these provinces. 

Guarantee hy the Confederation of the Rents asstymd vjwn the 

Navigation Duties of the Rhine, and of the Pensions to the Clei*gy 

or Laity, 

Art. XV. The continuation of the dii"ect and subsidiary Rents 
assigned upon the Duties of the Navigation of the Rhine, as well 
as the arrangements of the Reces of the Deputation of the 
Empire, dated the 25th of Febiiiary, 1803,* relative to the payment 
of Debts and Pensions gianted to individuals of the Clergy or 
Laity, are guaranteed by the Confederation. 

The members of the late chapters of the cathedral churches, as 
well as those of the fi*ee chapters of the Empire, shall have the 
l)enefit of the pensions secured to them by the said Reces^ in 
every country at peace with the Gennanic Confederation. 

Pensions to Members of the Teutonic Order, 
The menil)ers of the Teutonic Order, who have not yet ob- 
tained adequate pensions, shall obtain them according to the 
principles established for the chapters of cathedral churches by 
the Reel's of the Deputation of the Empire of the year 1803 ;* and 
the Princes who have acquired possessions formerly belonging to 
the Teutonic Order, shall pay these pensions, according to their 
proportion of the property of the Teutonic Oi*der. 

Fu7id for support of Bishops and Clergy on Left Bank of the Rhine, 
The Diet of the Confederation shall deliberate upon the 
measures to be adopted for establishuig a fund for the support and 
lx?nsioning of Bishops and other meml)crs of the Clergy belonging 
to the countries on the left bank of the Rhine, the payment of 
which pensions sliall Ih^ transfenvd to the Powers actually 
possessing the said countries. This matter shall be settled withm 

• iSoc App; ndix. 
204 



Ho. 26] GERMAN V. [8 Jane, 1815 . 

[Oonstitution of Germany.] 

a year, and uutil that time the pensious shall be paid as hereto- 
fore. 

Eqtuilitf/ of Civil and Foliticul Riyhts to Christian Sects. 

Abt. XVI. The different Christian sects in tlie countries and 
territories of the Germanic Confederation shall not experience any 
difference in the enjoyment of civil and political rights. 

Civil Eights of Jews. 

The Diet shall consider of the means of effecting, in the most 
uniform manner, an amelioration in the civil state of those who 
profess the Jewish religion in Grei*many, and shall pay particular 
attention to the measures by which the enjoyment of civil rights 
shall be secui'ed and guaranteed to them in the Confederated 
States, upon condition, however, of their submitting to all the 
obligations unposed upon other citizens. In the mean time, the 
privileges already granted to this sect by any paiticular State 
shall be secui-ed to them. 

Postal Reventies to be retaiiwd by Tour and Taxis. 

\sn. XVII. The family of the Princes of Tour and Taxis shall 
retain the revenues arising from the Post in the Confederated 
States, under the same Regulations as were granted by the 
Reces of the Deputation of the Empire of the 25th Fcbraary, 
1803,* or by subsequent Conventions, in so far as they shall not 
have been altered by new Conventions fi-eoly acceded to on both 
sides. 

In all cases the rights and pretensions of this House, whether 
with regard to i-etainiug the Post, or to a fair indemnity for the 
same, such as the above Reces has settled, shall be maintained. 

This Regulation also applies to the case where the fonner 
administration of the Post may have been abolished since 1803, in 
contravention of the Reces of the Deputation of the Empire, 
unless, however, an indemnity shall have been absolutely settled 
by a particular Convention. 

Rights of Subjects of Confederated States. 

Abt. XVIII. The Princes and the Fi-ee Towns of Germany have 
agreed to secure to the subjects of the Confederated States, the 
following rights : 

A. That of acquiring and possessing funded property beyond 
the limits of the State in which they are settled, without being 

* Seo Appendix. 
205 



8 June, 1815.1 GERMANY. [Ho. 28 

[Oonstitution of Germany.] 

liable to pay to the foreign Power any higher tax or duty than 
those paid by its own subjects. 

B. 1. That of emigrating from one Confederated State to 
another, provided it be proved that the State in which they settle 
receive them as subjects. 

2. That of entering into the civil or military service of any of 
the Confederated States, it being, however, understood, that the 
exercise of either of these rights does not release them from being 
liable to military service in their own country. And in order that 
the difference of the laws with regard to their liability to military 
service may not be attended with any partial advantages or inju- 
rious consequences to any particular State, the Diet of the Con- 
federation shall consider of the means of establishing regulations 
upon this subject, as impartial as possible. 

0. The exemption from all export duty, drawback, or other 
impost of that description, in case they remove their property 
from one Confederated State to another, unless it should l)e other- 
wise stipulated by particular Conventions concluded between 
them. 

D. Upon its first meeting, the Diet shall frame laws for the 
liberty of the press in general, and shall adopt such measures as 
may secure authors and editora against the piracy of their works. 

Commerce and Xavif/atton from one State to another, 

Airr. XIX. The Confederated States rest»r>'e to themselves the 
right of delilxnating, at the first meeting of the Diet at Frankfort, 
upon the manner of regulating the commerce and navigation from 
one State to another, according to the principles adopted by the 
Congress of Viemia. 

liafijications. 

Art. XX. The present Act shall be ratified by all the Con- 
tracting Parties, and the ratifications shall, in six weeks, or 
sooner, if f)ossible, be addresscHl to the Ilo^'al and State Chancer^" 
of Tlis Majesty the Emjx^ror of Austria at Vienna, and deposited 
in the Archives of the Confederation on the opening of the Diet. 

In faith of which all the Plenipotentiaries have signed the 
present instniment, and have aflixod thereunto the Seal of their 
Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 8th June, 1815. 

(L.S.) PRINCE METTERNICn. 
(L.S.) BARON WESSENBERG. 

20n 



Mo. 26] GERMANY. [8Jane,1815. 

[Constitution of Ghermany.] 

(L.S.) CHARLES PRINCE HARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) WILLIAM BARON HUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) CH. COUNT BERNSTORFF. 

(L.S.) J. COUNT BERNSTORFF. 

(L.S.) A. COUNT RECHBERG AND ROTHEN- 

LOWEN. 
(L.S.) II. A. BARON GLOBIG. 
(L;S.) F. C. BARON GAGERN. 
(L.S.) E. COUNT MUNSTER. 
(L.S.) E. COUNT HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) COUNT KELLER, acting at the same time 

for Biniiiswick. 
(L.S.) G. F. BARON LEPEL. 
(L.S.) J. BARON TURCKHEIM. 
(L.fe.) BARON MINCKWITZ, in the place of 
M. de Gersdorff, Plenipotentiary of the 
(7 rand Duke of Weimar, and of the 
Dukes of Saxe-Gotha and of Saxe- 
Meiningen. 
(L.S.) C. L. F. BARON BAUMBACH. 
(L.S.) BARON FISCHLER VON TREUBERG. 
(L.S.) BARON MALTZAHN. 
(L.S.) LEOPOLD BARON PLESSEN. 
(L.S.) BARON OERTZEN. 
(L.S.) DE WOLFRAMSDORF. 
(L.S.) BARON FRANCK. 
(L.S.) FRANCIS ALOYSIUS KIRCHBAUER. 
(L.S.) F. MARSCIIALL VON BIEBERSTEIN. 
(L.S.) D. GEORG WIESE, Plenipotentiary^ of the 

Princes Lieohtenstf^in and Reuss. 
(L.S.) DE WEISE. 
(L.S.) BARON KETTELHOLDT. 
(L.S.) DE BERG, acting- for Waldeck and Schanm- 

burg-Lippe. 
(L.S.) IIELLWING. 
(L.S.) J. F. HACH. 
(L.S.) DANZ. 
(L.S.) SMIDT. 
fL.S.) GRIES. 



20: 



9 June, 1815 J GREAT Britain, Austria, &c. [Ho. 27 

[Vienna Oonffress Treaty.] 

Table (continued). 
Luxemburg. Fortress of the Germanic Confederation, 
„ A St^ite of the Germanic Confederation. 

68. „ Boundaries of the Grand Duchy of. 

69. „ Arrangements respecting the Duchj of BouiUon, Disputes 

to he settled by Arbitration. 
VO. Cession to Prussia of the German Possessions of the House of NassaU' 
Orange. 

71. Family Pact of the Princes of Nassau. 

72. Charges and Engagements relating to the ProTinces detached from 

France. 

73. Basis of the Union of the JBelgic Provinces. 

74. Switzerland. Integrity of the 19 Cantons of. 

75. „ Union of 3 new Cantons, The Valais, Geneva, and Neuf- 

chatel, 
„ La Vallie des Dappes, 

70. „ Union of the Bishopric of BasU and the Town and Terri- 

tory of Bienne, with the Canton of Berne. 
„ An Enclave given to Neuf chatel. 

77. n Rights of the Inhabitants of the Countries united with 

the Canton of Berne. 

78. „ Restoration of the Lordship of Bagum to the Canton of 

Grisons. 

79. „ Commercial and Militaiy Communications between Town 

of Geneva and Canton of Vaud. Versoy Boad. Pas- 
sage of Troops. 

80. „ Cession by the King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva. 

Savoy. Simplon Boad. Passage of Troops. Exemption 
from Transit Dues. 

81. „ Reciprocal Compensations between Ancient and New 

Cantons. 

82. n Disposal of the Funds placed in England by Cantons of 

Zurich and Berne. 
Indemnity to Proprietors of " Lauds.** 
General Confirmation of the Declaration of the 20th 
March, 1815, upon the Affairs of Switzerland. 

Frontiers of the States of the King of. Island of Capraja. 

Union of the States of Genoa \>-ith the States of the King of 
Sardinia, 

Title of King of Sardinia ; Duke of Genoa. 

Rights and Privileges of the Genoese. 

Union of the Imperial Fiefs of lat^ Ligurian Bepuhlic. 

Right of Fortifying. 

91. Savog. Cession by the King of Sardinia to the Canton of Chneva. 

92. „ Neutrality of ChahlaiSi Faucigngy and Part of Savog. 

93. Italg. Description of the Countries of which the Emperor of Austria 

takes possession on the side of Italg, Istria, Dalmatia, 
Mouths of the Cattaro^ Venice, i^c. 

94. „ Territories united to the Austrian Monarchy. The ValtelinCf 

BoTfttio, Chiavenna, Bagusa, ^c. 

95. „ Austrian Frontiers in Italg. 

210 



83. 


II 


84. 


11 


85. 


Sardinia. 


86. 


a 


87. 


II 


88. 


I) 


89. 


11 


90. 


fi 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

Table (contiHiied), 

96. lialif. Navigation of the Po. 

97. „ Arrangements respecting the " Mont Napoleon " at Milan, 

98. „ Duchy of ModenOf IteggiOf and Mirandote ; Duchy of Massa^ 

and Principality of Carrara^ and Imperial Fiefs of La Luni' 
giana. 

99. „ Duchies of Parma^ Piacentiay and Guastalla, 

100. „ Possessions of the Q-rand Duke of Tuscan^. The Presidii, Elba, 

PiomhinOf Imperial Fiefs^ <Jv. 

101. „ Duchy of Lucca. 

102. „ Reversion of the Duchy of Lucca^ Furgano^ &c, 

103. „ Restoration of the Marches, Benevenlo, Ponte Corvo, ^c, as 

well as the Legations of Ravenna, Bologna, and Ferrara to the 
Holy See. 
101. „ Restoration of King Ferdinand lY to Naples as King of the 
Two Siciliee. 

105. Portugal. Restitution of the Town of Olivenfa. 

106. France and Portugal. Relations hetween. 

107. „ „ Restitution of French Gfuiana. 
106. Sivers, Navigation of Rivers traversing different States. 

109. „ Freedom of Navigation. 

110. „ Uniformity of system for collecting Dues. 

111. ,1 Regulation of Tariff. 

112. „ Offices for collection of Dues. 

113. „ Towuig Paths. 

114. „ Port and Harbour Dues. 

115. f, Custom Houses. 

116. ,, Regulations to be settled by a Q-oneral Arrangement. 

117. „ Confirmation of the Particular Regulations relative to the 

Navigation of the Rhine, Neckar, Moselle, Meuse, and the 
Scheldt. 

118. Confirmation of Treaties and Particular Acts annexed to the General 

Treaty. 

119. Invitation to accede to the General Treaty addressed to the Powers 

assembled in Congress. 

120. Reservations as to the use of the French language in the drawing up of 

this Act. 

121. Ratification of the Treaty and deposition of the original in tlio Arcliives 

of the Court and States of Vienna. 

(Tmaslaticm as laid before Parliament*.) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 
The Powers who signed the Treaty concluded at Paris on the 
30tli of May, 1814 (No. 1), having assembled at Vienna, in pur- 
suance of Article XXXII of that Act, with the Princes and Statics 
their Allies, to complete the provisions of the said Treaty, and to 
add to them the arrangements rendered necessary by the state in 
which Europe was left at the termination of the last war ; being 
• For French version see " St^te Papers," vol. ii, p. 3. 

211 P 2 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

now desirous to embrace, in one common transaction, the various 
results of tlieir negotiations, for the purpose of confirming them 
by their reciprocal Ratifications, have authorised their Plenipo- 
tentiaries to unite, in a general Instrument, the regulations of 
superior and permanent interest, and to join to that Act, as in- 
tegral parts of the arrangements of Congress, the Treaties, Con- 
ventions, Declarations, Regulations, and other particular Acts, as 
cited in the present Treaty. And the above-mentioned Powers 
having appointed Plenipotentiaries to the Congress, that is to 
say: — 

Ilia Majesty the Emperor of Austria^ King of Hungary and 

Bohemia : 
The Sieur Clement- Venceslas-Lothaire, Prince de Metternich- 
Winnebourg-Ochsenhausen, Knight of the Gk)lden Fleece, Grand 
Cross of the Royal Order of St. Stephen, Knight of the Orders 
of St. Andrew, of St. Alexander-Newsky, and of St. Anne of the 
First Class, Grand Cordon of the Legion of Honour, Baiight of 
the Order of the Elephant, of the Supreme Order of the Annun- 
ciation, of the Black Eagle and the Red Eagle, of the Seraphim, 
of St. Joseph of Tuscany, of St. Hubert, of the Golden Eagle of 
Wiuiemberg, of Fidelity of Baden, of St. John of Jerusalem, 
and of several others ; Chancellor of the Military Order of Maria- 
Theresa, a Trustee of the Academy of the Fine Arts, Chamberlam, 
Privy Councillor of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King 
of Hungary and Bohemia, his Minister of State, of Conferences, 
and of Foreign Affairs ; 

And the Sieur John- Philip, Baron de Wessenberg, Knight 
Grand Cross of the Military and Religious Order of St. Maurice 
and St. Lazarus, Grand Cross of the Order of the Red Eagle of 
Prussia, and of the Crown of Bavaria, Chamberlain, and Privy 
Councillor of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty : — 

Jlis Majesty the King of Spain^* and the Indiet : 

Don Peter Gomes Labrador, Knight of the Roj'al and dis- 
tinguished Order of Charles III; his Councillor of State:— 

His Majesty the King of France and Navarre : 

The Sieur Charles-Maurice do Talleyrand- Perigord, Prince of 
Talleyrand, Peer of France, Minister, Secretary of State ui the 

* Spain did not sign this Treaty, but acceded to it bj an Act of Accession 
dated 7th June, 1817. See also Treaty between the 5 Powers and Spain of 
10th June, 1817. 

212 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIX, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Confess Treaty.] 

Department of Foreip^ Affairs, Grand Cordon of the Legion of 
Honour, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Cross 
of the Order of St. Stephen of Hungary, of the Order of St. 
Andrew, of the Orders of the Black Eagle and the Red Eagle, of 
the Order of the Elephant, of the Order of St. Hubert, of the 
Crown of Saxony, of the Order of St. Joseph, of the Order of the 
Sun of Pereia, &c. ; 

The Sieur Duke D'Alberg, Minister of State to His Majesty 
the King of France and Navan-e, Grand Cordon of tl*e Legion 
of Honour, of that of Fidelity of Baden, and Knight of the Order 
of St. John of Jerusalem ; 

The Sieur Count Gouvomet de Latour du Pin, Knight of tho 
Royal and MiUtary Order of St. Louis, and of the Legion of 
Honour, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of 
His said Majesty to His Majesty the King of the Netherlands ; 

And the Sieur Alexis Comit de Noailles, Knight of the Royal 
and Military Order of St. Louis, Grand Cross of the Ro^^al and 
Military Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus, Knight of the 
Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Leopold, of St. Wolodimir, of 
Merit of Pinissia, and Colonel in the service of Prance : — 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Oreat Britain and 

IveUmd: 

The Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, 
Privy Councillor of His said Majesty, Member of Parliament, 
Colonel of the Londonderry Regiment of Militia, his Principal 
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and Knight of the Most 
Noble Order of the Garter, &c. ; 

The Most Excellent and Most Illustrious Lord Arthur Welles- 
ley, Duke, Marquess, and Earl of Wellington,* Marquess of Douro, 
Viscount Wellington of Talavera and of Wellington, and Baron 
Douro of Wellesley, Privy Councillor of Hi« said Majesty, Mar- 
shal of his Armies, Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Horse 
Guards, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and 
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Military Order of 
tlie Bath ; Diike of Ciudad Rodrigo, and Grandee of Spain of the 
First Class, Duke of Vittoria, Marquis of Torres Vedras, Conde 
de Vimeira in Portugal ; Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of 
tho Gk)lden Fleece, of the Military Order of St. Ferdinand of 
Spain, Knight Grand Cross of the Imperial and Military Order of 

• The Duke of Wellington did not sign this Treaty, having left Vienna on 
the 29th March, to take command of tho armj in the Netherlands. 

213 



9 June, 1816.] oeeat Britain, Austria, &o. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

Maria-Theresa, Knight Grand Cross of the Militaiy Order of 
St. George of Russia of the First Class ; Knight Grand Cross of 
the Royal and Military Oi*der of the Tower and Sword of Portu- 
gal ; Knight Grand Cross of the Royal and Military Order ef the 
Sword of Sweden, &c. ; 

The Right Ilonourable Richard Le Poor Trench, Earl of Clau- 
cai-ty, Viscount Dunlo, Baron Kilconnel, Privy Councillor of His 
said Majesty, Pi*esident of the C<jnunittee of Council for the 
Affairs of Trade and Colonies, Postmaster-General, Colonel of the 
Galway Regiment of Militia, and Knight Grand Cross of the 
Most Honourable Order of the Bath ; 

The Right Honoui*able William Shaw, Earl Cathcart, Viscount 
Cathcart, Baron Cathcart and Greenock, Peer of Parliament, Privy 
Councillor of His said Majesty, Knight of the Most Ancient and 
Most Honourable Order of the Thistle, and of the Orders of Russia, 
General of his Armies, Vice- Admiral of Scotland, Colonel of the 
Second Regiment of Life Guards, his Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the Emperor of all the 
Russias, &c. ; 

And the Right Honourable Charles William Stewart, Loixi 
Stewart, a Lord of His Majesty's Bedchamber, Privy Councillor 
of His said Majesty, Lieutenant-Ueneral of his Armies, Colonel 
of the 25th Regiment of Light Dragoons, Governor of Fort 
Charles in Jamaica, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honoumble 
Military Order of the Bath, Knight Grand Cross of the Orders of 
the Black and Red Eagle of Prussia, Knight Grand Cross of the 
Order of the Tower and Sword of Portugal, and Knight of the 
Order of St. George of Russia : — 

His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of the Kingdoms of Portugal 

and the Brazils : 

The Sieur Don Peter de Sousa-Holstein, Count of Palmella, a 
Member of his Council, Commander of the Order of Christ, Cap- 
tain of the Geiman Company of Body Guards, Grand Cross of 
the Royal and Distinguished Order of Charles HI of Spain ; 

The Sieur Antonio de Saldanha da Gama, a Member of his 
Council and of the Finances, his Envoy Extraordinary and Minis- 
ter Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, 
Commander of the Military Order of St. Benedict of Avez, First 
Equerry to Her Royal Highness the Princess of Brazil ; 

And tlie Sieur Don Joachim Lobo da Silveira, a Member of 
his Council, Commander of the Order of Christ : — 

214 



Ho. 27] GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Yienzia Congresa Treaty.] 

Ilis Majesty the King of Pt^ussia : 
The Prince of Ilardenberg, his Chancellor of State, Knight of 
the Grand Orders of the Black Eagle and the Red Eagle of St. 
John of Jerusalem, and of the Iron Cross of Prussia, of the 
Ordei-s of St Andrew, of St. Alexander Newsky, and of St. Anne 
of the First Class of Russia, Grand Cross of the Royal Order of 
St. Stephen of Hungary, Grand Cordon of the Legion of Honom*, 
Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III of Spain, of St. Hubert 
of Bavaria, of the Supreme Order of the Annunciation of Sar- 
dinia, Knight of the Order of the Serapliim of Sweden, of the 
Elephant of Denmark, of the Golden Eagle of Wurtemberg, and 
of several others ; 

And the Sieiur Charles-William, Laron de Humboldt, his 
Minister of State, Chamberlain, Envoy Extraordinary and Minis- 
ter Plenipotentiary to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, 
Knight of the Grand Order of the Red Eagle, and of the Iron 
Cross of Prussia of the First Class, Grand Cross of the Order of 
St. Anne of Russia, of the Order of Leo|X)ld of Austria, and of 
the Crown of Bavaria : — 

His Majesty the Emperor of all the Jiussias : 
The Sieur Andrew, Prince de Rasoumoffsky, his Privy Coun- 
cillor, Senator, Knight of the Orders of St. Andrew, of St. Wolo- 
dimir, of St. Alexander Newsky, and of St. Anne of the First 
Class, Gi-and Cross of the Royal Order of St. Stephen, and of 
those of the Black Eagle and the Red Eagle of Prussia ; 

The Sieur Gustavus, Count de Stackelberg, his Privy Council- 
lor, Envoy Extraordiuaiy and Minister Plenipotentiary to His 
Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, Chamberlain, Knight of 
the Order of St. Alexander Newsky, Grand Cross of the Order of 
St. Wolodimir and of St. Anne of the First Class, Grand Cross of 
the Order of St. Stephen, of the Black Eagle and the Red Eagle 
of Prussia ; 

And the Sieur Charles, Count de Nesselrode, his Privy Coun- 
cillor, Chamberlain, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Knight 
of the Order of St. Alexander Newsky, Grand Cross of the Order 
of St. Wolodimir of the Second Class, of St. Stephen of Himgary, 
of the Red Eagle of Prussia, of the Polar Star of Sweden, and of 
the Golden Eagle of Wurtemberg : — 

His Majesty tJie King of Sweden and Norway : 
The Sieur Charlcs-Axcl, Coimt de Loewenhielm, Major-General 

215 



9 June, 1815.] GBSAT BBITAIN, AUSTBIA, &o. [No. 27 

[Yiennii OoncrreMi Treaty.] 

rate Galicia from the territory of the Free Town of Cracow. It 
shall serve at the same time as the frontier between Galicia and 
that part of the ancient Duchy of Warsaw united to the States of 
His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, as far as the vicinity 
of the town of Zavichost. 

From Zavichost to the Bug, the dry frontiers shall be deter- 
mined by the line drawn in the Treaty of Vienna of 1809,* ex- 
cepting such modifications as by common consent may be thought 
necessary to be introduced. 

The frontier from the Bug shall be re-established on this 
side (fie ce cote) between the two Empires, such as it was before 
the said Treaty. 

Restitution by Russia to Austria of Districts separated from 

Eastern Oalicia.lf 

Art. V. Ilis Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias cedes to 
His Imperial and Royal Apostohc Majesty the districts which 
have been separated from Eastern Galicia, in consequence of the 
Treaty of Vienna of 1809,J from the Circles of Zloczow, Brzezan, 
Tarnopol, and Zalesczyk, and the frontiers on this side (de ce cote) 
shall be re-established, such as they were before the date of 
the said Treaty. 

Cracow declared to be a Free, Neutral, and Independent Tmct^^ 
under the Protection of Austria, Russia, and Pru^ssia, 

Abt. VI. The Town of Cracow, with its Territory, is declared 
to be for ever a Free, Independent, and strictly Neutral C*ity, 
under the protection of Austria, Russia, and Pinissia. 

Boundaries of the Territory of Gracow,\\ 

Aet. VII. The territory of the Free Town of Cracow shall have 
for its frontier upon the left bank of the Vistula a line, which, 

* Troaty between Austria and France of 14th October, 1809, Art. III. 
Annulled. Sec p. 23. 

t See Treaty between Austria and Russia of 3rd May, 1815, Art. I. 

X See Treaty between Austria and Prussia of 3rd BCay, 1815, Art. IV ; and 
Troaty between Austria, Prussia, and Bussia of 6th NoYember, 1846. 

§ See note p. 127. 

II See Treaty between Prussia and Bussia of 8rd May, 1815, Art. II ; and 
AdcUtional Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Bussia of the same date. 
Arts. II and III. 

218 





>■ « 



MAP. 
GRAND DUCHY OF POSEN; 

DUCHY OF WARSAW; 

(KINGDOM or POLAND) 

CKACow; galicia; &c. 



9 June, 1815] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Vienxia Congrress Treaty.] 

Cracow, Surrender of Fugitive "Deserters from Austria^ Prussia, or 

Russia, 
On the other hand it is understood and expressly stipulated 
that no asylum shall be afforded in the free town and territory of 
Cracow to fugitives, desertei-s, and persons under prosecution, 
belonging to the country of either of the High Powers aforesaid ; 
and in the event of the demand of their surrender by the com- 
petent authorities, such individuals shall be arrested and given up 
without delay, and conveyed, under a proper escort, to the guard 
appointed to receive them at the frontier. 

Constitution, Academy, and 'Bishopric of Cracow,* 
Art. X. The dispositions of the Constitution of the Free Town 
of Cracow, concerning the Academy, the Bishopric, and Chapter of 
that town, such as they are specified in Articles VII, XV, XVI, and 
XVII of the Additional Treaty relative to Cracow (No. 14), which 
is annexed to the present General Treaty, shall have the same 
force and ^ ahdity as if they were textually inserted in this Act. 

Poland, General Amnesty, \ 
Art. XI. A full, general, and special Amnesty shall be granted 
in favour of all individuals, of whatever rank, sex, or condition 
they may be. 

Poland, Sequesiraticns to he removed. Prosecutions to he 

annuilcd,\ 

Art. XII. In consequence of the preceding Article, no person 
in future shall be prosecuted or disturbed, in any maimer, by 
reason of any participation, direct or indirect, at any time, in the 
political, civil, or military events in Poland. All proceedingp, 
suits, or prosecutions are considered as null, the sequestrations 
and provisional confiscations shall be taken off, and every Act 
promulgated on this ground shall be of no effect. 

Poland, Exceptions to preceding Article respecting ConJiscaiion,% 
Art. XIII. From these general regulations on the subject cf 

* See Additional Treaty between Austria, PruBsia, and Russia, of 

3rd May, 1816, Art. VI. 

f See Treaty between Prussia and Russia of 8rd May, 1815, Art. V, 

and Treaty between Austria and Russia, same date, Art. VII. 

J See Treaty between Prussia and Russia of 8rd May, 1816, Art. VI ; and 
Treaty between Austria and Russia, some date. Art. VIII. 

§ See Treaty between Prussia and Russia of 3rd May, 1816, Art. VII ; 
and Treaty between Austria and Russia, same date. Art. IX. 

220 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

conGscatioii are excjptcd all those cases iu which edicts or sen- 
tences, filially pronounced, have already been fully executed, and 
have not been annulled by subsequent events. 

Free Navigation of the Rivers In Poland* 
Art. XIV. The principles edtabUshed for the free navigation 
of Rivers and Canals, in the whole extent of ancient Poland, as well 
as for the trade to the ports, for the circulation of articles the 
growth and produce of the different Polish provinces, and for the 
oommerce, relative to goods in transitu, such as they are specified 
in Articles XXIV, XXV, XXVI, XXVIII, and XXIX of the Treaty 
between Austria and Russia (No. 12), and in Articles XXII, 
XXIII, XXIV, XXV, XXVIII, and XXIX of the Treaty between 
Russia and Prussia (No. 13), shall be invariably maintained. 

Cesslom from Saxony to Pru88la.'\ 
Art. XV. His Majesty the King of Saxony renounces iu 
perpetuity for himself, and all his descendants and successors, 
iu favour of Ilis Majesty the King of Pinissia, all his right and 
title to the provinces, districts, and territories, or parts of terri- 
tories, of the Kingdom of Saxony, hereafter named; and His 
Majesty the King of Prussia shall possess those countries m ccim- 
plete sovereignty and property, and shall unite them to his 
Monarchy. The districts and territories thus ceded shall be sepa- 
rated from the rest of the Kingdom of Saxony by a luie, which 
henceforth shall form the frontier between the Prussian and Saxon 
territories, so that all that is comprised in the limit formed by this 
line, shall be restored to Ilis Majesty the King of Saxony ; but 
His Majest}' renounces all those districts and territories that are 
situated beyond that line, and which belonged to him before the war. 
The line shall begin from the frontiers of Bohemia, near 
Wiese, in the neighbourhood of Seidenberg, following the stream 
of the River Wittich, mitil its junction with the Neisse. 

From the Neisse it shall pass to the Circle of Eigen, between 
Tauchritz, which shall belong to Prussia, and Bertschoff, which 
shall remain to Saxony ; then it shall follow the northern fmntier 
of the Circle of Eigen, to the angle between Paulsdorf and Ober- 
Sohland ; thence it shall be continued to the limits that separate 

* See Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Russia of IStli May, 1815. 

f See Treaties between Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and Saxony of 
18th May, 1815; Prussia and Schwartzburg-Sondersluiusen of 15t1i June, 
1816 ; and Pniseia and Schwartzbarg-Rudolstedt of 19th June, 181G. 

221 



J 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [Ho. 27 

[Vienna Oonffress Treaty.] 

the Circle of Goiiitz from that of Bautzen, in such a manner that 
Ober-Mittel and Nieder-Sohland, Olisch, and Radewitz remain in 
the possession of Saxony. 

The great post road between Gorlitz and Bautzen shall belong 
to Prussia, as far as the limits of the said Circles. Then the line 
shall follow the frontier of the Circle to Dubrauke ; it shall then 
extend upon the heights to the right of the Lobauer-Wasser, so 
that this rivulet, with its two banks ,and the places upon them, as 
far as Neudorf, shall remain, with this village, to Saxony. 

The line shaU then fall again upon the Spree, and the Schwarz- 
wasser ; Liska, Hermsdorf, Ketten^ and Solchdorf are assigned to 
Prussia. 

From the Schwarz-Elster, near Solchdorf, a right line shall 
be drawn to the frontier of the Lordship of Konigsbruck, near 
Gross-graebchen. This lordship remains to Saxony^ and the lino 
shall follow its northern boundary as far as the Bailiwick of 
Grossenhayn, in t^e neighbourhood of Ortrand. Ortrand, and the 
road from that place by Merzdorf, Stolzenhayn, Grobeln, and 
Muhlberg (with the villages en that road, so that no part of it re- 
main beyond the Prussian territory) shall be under the Govern- 
ment of Prussia. The frontier from Grobeln shall be traced to the 
Elbe near Fichtenberg, and then shall follow the Bailiwick of 
Miihlberg. Fichtenberg shall be the property of Prussia. 

From the Elbe to the frontier of the coimtry of Merseburg, it 
shall be so regulated that the Bailiwicks of Torgau, Eilenburg, 
and Delitsch shall pass to Prussia, while those of Oschatz, 
Wurzen, and Leipsic, shall remain to Saxony. The line shall 
follow the frontier of these bailiwicks, dividing some inclosures 
and demi-inclosures. The road from Miihlberg to Eilenburg shall 
be wholly within the Prussian temtory. 

From Podelwitz (belonging to the Bailiwick of Leipsic, and 
remaining to Saxony) as far as Eytra, which also remains to her, 
the line shall divide the country of Merseburg in such a manner 
that Breitenfeld, Haenichen, Gross and Klein- Dolzig, Mark- 
Banstadt and Knaut-Nauendorf, remain to Saxony ; and Modcl- 
witz, Skendiiz, Klein-Liebenau, Alt-Ranstadt, Schkoehlen, and 
Zietschen, pass to Prussia. 

From thence the line shall divide the Bailiwick of Pcpnu 
between the Floss-graben and the Weisse-Elster ; the former, 
from the point where it separates itself above the town of Crossen 
(which forms part of the Bailiwick of Haynsfourg) from the 

222 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna ConffrefM Treaty.] 

Weiase-Elster to the point where it joins the Saale, below the 
town of Merseburg, shall belong, in its whole course between 
those two towns, with both its banks, to the Prussian territory. 

Prom thence, where the frontier touches upon that of the 
country of Zeitz, the line shall follow it as far as the boundary of 
the country of Altenburg, near Luckau. 

The frontiers of the Circle of Neustadt,* which wholly falls 
under the dominion of Pnissia, remain untouched. 

The inclosures of Voigtland, in the district of Reuss, that is to 
say Oefall, Blintendorf, Sparenberg, and Blankenberg, are com- 
prised in the share of Prussia. 

Duchy of Saxony. Titles to he hor)ie hy the Kings of Prussia and 

Saxony, f 

Art. XVI. The provinces and districts of the Kingdom of 
Saxony,t which are transferred to the dominion of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia, shall be distinguished by the name of the 
Duchy of Saxony, and His Majesty shall add to his Titles those of 
Duke of Saxony, Landgi-avo of Thuringia, Margrave of the two 
Lusatias, and Count of Ilenneberg. 

His Majesty the King of Saxony shall continue to bear the 
title of Margrave of Upper Lusatia. 

His Majesty shall also continue, with relation to, and in virtue 
of his right of eventual succession to the possessions of the 
Ernestine branch, to bear the title of Laudgmve of Thuringia and 
Count of Henneberg. 

Prussia and Saxony. Guarantee hy Great Britain^ Austriu^ France^ 
and Russia of Countries ceded hy Saxony to Pnissia. 

Art. XVII. Austria, Russia, Great Britain, and France guaran- 
tee to His Majesty the King of Prussia, his descendants and succes- 
sors, the ix)S8ession of the countries marked out in A rticle XV, in 
full property and sovereignty. 

Pnissia and Saxony. Renunciation hy the Emperor of Aushia of 

Rights of Sovereignty over Lusatia,\ 

Art. XVIII, His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, 

• Xeustadt was coded to the Grand DuIeo of Saxc- Weimar by the Treaty of 
22nd September, 1815. 

t See Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Saxony of 18th May, 
1815, Art. IT. 

{ See Treaties between Prussia and Schwartzburg-SondenhauBen of 16tli 
June, 1816, and Schwartzburg-Budolstadt of 19th Juno, 18(6. 

223 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Conffress Treaty.] 

wishing to give to the King of Prussia a fresh proof of his desire 
to remove every object of futiu*e discussion between their two 
Courts, renounces for himself and his successors his rights of 
Sovereignty over the Margraviates of Upper and Lower Lusatia, 
which belonged to him as King of Bohemia, as far as these rights 
concern the portion of these provinces placed under the dominion 
of His Majesty the King of Prussia by virtue of the Treaty with 
His Majesty the King of Saxony, concluded at Vienna on the 
18th May, 1815 (No. 16).* 

As to the right of reversion of His Imperial and Royal Apos- 
tolic Majesty to the said portion of the Lusatias muted to 
Prussia, it is transferred to the House of Brandenburg now reign- 
ing in Prussia, His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty 
reserving to himself and his successors, the power of resuming 
that right in the event of the extinction of the said reigning 
House. 

His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty iienounces also 
in favour of His Prussian Majesty, the districts of Bohemia 
inclosed within the part of Upper Lusatia ceded by the Treaty of 
the 18th May, 1815 (No. 16), to His Prussian Majesty, which 
districts comprehend the places of Giintersdorf, Taubentraenke, 
Neukretschen, Nieder-Gerlachsheim, Winkel, and Ginkel, with 
their territories. 

Prussia and Saxoiiy. Reciprocal Renunciaiimi of Feudal Rights. 

Art. XIX. His Majesty the King of Prussia and His Majesty 
the King of Saxony, wishing particularly to remove every object 
of future contest or dispute, renoimce, each on his own part, and 
reciprocally in favour of one another, all feudal rights or preten- 
sions which they might exercise or might have exercised beyond 
the frontiers fixed by the present Treaty. 

Prtissia and Saxony. Reciprocal Freedom of Emigration,^ 

Art. XX. His Majesty the King of Prussia promises to direct 
that proper cure be taken relative to whatever may affect the 
property and interests of the respective subjects, upon the most 
liberal principles. 

The present Article shall be observed, particularly with regard 
to the concerns of those individuals who possess property both 

* See Treaty between Prussia, Saxony, &c., of IStb May, 1815. 
•f See Treaty between Prussia, Saxony, &c., of 18th Mav, 1815, Art. XIII. 

224 



No. 27] GREAT BEITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

uniler the Prussian and Saxon Governments, to the commerce of 
Leipsic, and to all other objects of the same nature ; and in order 
that the individual liberty of the inhabitants, both of the ceded 
and other provinces, may not be infringed, they shall be allowed 
to emigrate from one territory to the other, without being exempted, 
however, from military service, and after fulfilling the formalities 
required by the laws. They may also remove their property 
without being subject to any fine or drawback (Abzugsgeld). 

Prussia and Saxony. Property of lieligious Establishments,* 
Art. XXI. The communities, corporations, and religious esta- 
blishments,* and those for public instruction in the provinces 
ceded by His Majesty the King of Saxony to Pi-ussia, or in the 
provinces and districts remaining to His Saxon Majesty, shall 
preserve their property, whatever changes they may undergo, 
as well as the rents becoming due to them, according to tho 
act of their foundation, or which they have acquired by a 
legal title since that period under the Pmssian and Saxon 
Governments; and neither party shall interfere in the adminis- 
tration and in the collection of the revenues, provided that 
they be conducted in a manner conformable to the laws, and 
that t^ charges be defrayed, to which all property or rents of 
the like nature are subjected, in the territory in which they occur. 

Prussia and Saxony, General Amnesty in Saxony. \ 
Art. XXII. No individual domiciliated in the provhices 
which are under the dominion of His Majesty the King of 
Saxony, any more than an individual domiciliated in those 
which by the present Treaty pass under the dominicm of the 
King of Prussia, shall be molested in his person, his proj)erty, 
rents, pensions, or revenues of any kind, in his rank or digni- 
ties, nor be prosecuted or called to account in any manner for 
any part which he, cither in a civil or militaiy capacity, may 
have taken in the events that have occurred since the com- 
mencement of the war, termhiated by the Peace concluded at 
Paris on the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1). 

This Article equally extends to those who, not being domi- 
ciliated in either part of Saxony, may possess in it landed pro- 
perty, rents, pensions or revenues of any kind. 

* See Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Saxon j of 18th May, 
1813, .Art. XVI. 

t See Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Kussia, and Saxonv of 16th May, 
1815, Art. XXI. 

225 Q 



9 June, 1815.] ^REAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [Ho. 27 

[Yienna Conflrress Treaty.] 

Desitjiutiion of ilui Provinces of which Pntssui resumes Posscssum. 

Art. XX hi.* His Majesty the Kiug of Prussia having in con- 
sequence of the last war, reassumed the possession of the pro- 
vinces and territories which had been ceded by the Peace of 
Tilsit [1807],t it is acknowledged and declared by the present 
Article that His Majesty, his heirs and successore, shall possess 
anew, as formerly, in full pro|)erty and Sovereignty, the following 
countries, that is to say ; 

Those of his ancient provinces of Poland specified in 

Article II ;J 

The City of Dantzig and its territory, as the latter was deter- 
mined by the Treaty of TUsit [1807] ;§ 

Tlie Circle of Cottbus ; 

The Old March ; 

The part of the Circle of Magdeburg situated on the left bank 
of the Elbe, together with the Circle of the Saale ; 

The Principality of Ilalberstadt^ with the Lordships of Deron- 
burg, and of Hassenrode ; 

The Town and Temtory of Quedlinburg (save and except the 
rights of Her Royal Highness the Princess Sophia Albertine of 
Sweden, Abbess of Quedlinburg, conformably to the arrangements 
made in 1 803) ; 

The Prussian part of the County of Mansfield ; 

The Prussian part of the County of Hohenstein ; 

The Eichsfeld ; 

The Town of Nordhausen with its territory ; 

The Town of Miihlhausen with its temtory ; 

The Prussian part of the district of Trefourt with Dorla ; 

The Town and Temtorj' of Erfurth,|| with the exception of 
Klein-Brembach and iJerlstedt, inclosed in the Principality of 
Weimar, ceded to the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar by Article 
XXXIX; 

The Bailiwick of Wandersleben,ir belonghig to the County of 
Unter-gleichen ; 

The Principality of Paderbom, with the Prussian part of the 

* Soo Treaty between Austria, Priisua, Russia, and Saxonj of 18th Haj, 
1816, Art. LXXVI, § 2. f AnnuUed. 

J Treaty between France and Bussia of 7th July, 1807, Art. TI. 
AnnuUed. 

§ Treaty between Prussia, Frnnco, and Russia of 7th July, 18^7. 
AnnuUed. 

II See Art. XXXIX, p. 237. f Sec ako Art. XXXIX, p. 237. 

220 



No. 27] OHEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Conffress Treaty.] 

Bailiwicks of Schwallenberg, Oldenburg, and Stoppelberg, and 
the jurisdictions (Gerichte) of Ilagendorn and Odenliausen, situated 
in the territory of Lippe ; 

The Comity of Mark, with the part of Lij^stadt* belonging to it ; 

The County of Werden ; 

Tlie County of Essen ; 

The part of the Duchy of Cleves on the right bank of the 
Rhine, with the towu and fortress of Wesel ; the part of the 
Duchy, situated on the left bank, specified in Article XXV ; 

Tlie secularised Chapter of Elten ; 

The Principality of Munster, that is to say, the Prussian part 
of the former Bishopric of Munster, with the exception of that 
part which has been ceded to His Britannic Majesty, King of 
Hanover, in vii-tue of Article XXVII ; 

The secularised Provostship of Cappenburg ; 

The County of Tecklenburg ; 

The County of Lingen, with the exception of that part ceded to 
the kingdom of Hanover by Article XXVII ; 

Tlie Principality of Minden ; 

The County of Ravensburg ; 

The secularised Chapter of Herford ; 
' The Principality of Neufchatel,t with the County of Valengin, 
such as their Frontiers are regulated by the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), 
and by Article LXXVI of this General Treaty. 

The same disposition extends to the rights of Sovereignty and 
fiuzeraineie over the County of Wernigerode, to that of high pro- 
t(»ction over the Connty of Hohen-Limbourg, and to all the other 
rights or pretensions whatsoever which His Prussian Majesty 
ixwsessed and exercised, before the Peace of Tilsit [1807], and 
whidi he has not renounced by other Treaties, Acts, or Con- 
ventions. 

Prussian Possessions on this sulc (en de9a) of the Rhine, 

Art. XXIV. His Majesty the King of Pmssia shall unite to 
his Monarchy in Germany, on this side of the Rhine,J to be pos- 

• See Treaty between Prussia and Lippe of 17th May 1850. 

t Tlie King of Prussia renounced his Sovereign Bights over the Princi- 
pality of Neufchatel and the County of Valengin, by the Treaty between Great 
Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, Russia, and Switzerland of 26th May, 1857, 
by which Treaty it was also declared that the Principality should continue to 
form part of the Swiss Confederation in conformity with Article LXXY, 
p. 264, of the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June 1815. 

t See also Arts. XXIX and XLH, pp. 282, 238. 

227 g 2 



9 June, 1815.1 GREAI BRITAIN, ACfilRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Consrress Treaty.] 

sessed by him aud his successors iu full proj^erty and Sovereignty, 
the following countries : 

The provinces of Saxony designated in Article XV, with the 
exception of the places and territories ceded, in virtue of 
Article XXXIX, to His Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- 
Weimar ; 

The territories ceded to Prussia by His Britannic Majesty, 
King of Hanover, by Article XXIX ; 

Part of the Department of Fulda, and such of the territories 
comprehended therem as are specified in Article XL ; 

The Town and Territory of Wetzlar, according to Article XLII; 

The Grand Duchy of Berg with the Lordships of Hardenberg, 
Broik, Styrum, Scholler and Odenthal, formerly belonging to the 
said Duchy under the Palatine Government ; 

The districts of the ancient Archbishopric of Cologne, lately 
belonging to the Grand Duchy of Berg ; 

The Duchy of Westphalia, as lately possessed by His Royal 
Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse ; 

The County of Dortmund ; 

The Principality of Corbey : 

The Mediatised Districts specified in xVrticle XLIII. 

The ancient possessions of the Houso of Nassau-Dietz, having 
been ceded to Prussia by His Majesty the King of the Netherlands 
(No. 22), and a part of these possessions having been exchanged 
for the districts belonging to their Serene Highnesses the Duke and 
Prince of Nassau (No. 23), the King of Prussia shall possess them, 
in sovereignty and property, and unite them to his monarchy ; 

1. The Principality of Siegen with the Bailiwicks of Burbach 
and Neimkirchen, with the exception of a part containing 12,000 
inhabitants, to belong to the Duke and Prince of Nassau* (No. 23); 

E/iretibreitstein, ij-c. 

2. The Bailiwicks of Ilohen-Solms, Groifensteiu, Braunfels, 
Frensberg, Fricdcwald, Schonstein, Schonberg, Altenkirchen, 
Altenwied, Dierdorf, Ncuerburg, Linz, Hammei-stein, with Engers 
and Heddesdorf ; the town and torritoi-y (Banlievc Gemarhmg) of 
Neuwied; the parish of Ilam, belonging to the Bailiwick of 
Hackenberg ; the i)ai-isli of Horhausen, constituting part of the 
Bailiwick of Hersbach, and the parts of the Bailiwicks of Vallendar 
and Ehi-enbreitfltein, on the right bank of the Rhine, designated in 
the Convention concluded between His Majesty the Kuig of 

• See Treaty between Prussia and Nassau of Slst May, 1815. 

228 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1816. 

[Vienna Conffress Treaty.] 

Prussia and their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of 
Nassau, annexed to the present Treaty (No. 23). 

Prussian Possessions an the left hanh of the Rhine, 

Art. XXV. His Majesty the King of Prussia shall also possess 
ill full property and sovereignty, the countnes on the left bank of 
the Rhine, included in the frontier hereinafter designated : 

This frontier shall commence on the Rhine at Bingen; it 
shall thence ascend the course of the Nahe to the junction of this 
river with the Glan, and along the Glan to the village of Medart, 
below Lauterecken ; the towns of Kreutznach and Meisenheim, 
with their territories, to belong entirely to Prussia; but Lau- 
terecken and its territory to remain beyond the Prussian frontier. 
Prom the Glan the frontier shall pass by Medart, Merzweiler, 
Langweiler, Nieder and Ober-Feckenbach, Ellenbach, Creun- 
chenborn, Answeiler, Cronweiler, Nieder-brambach, Burbach, 
BoBchweiler, Heubweiler, Hambach, and Rintzenberg, to the 
limits of the Canton of Ilermeskeil; the above places shall be 
included within the Prussian frontiers, and shall, together with 
their territories, belong to Prussia. 

From Rintzenberg to the Sarre the line of demarcation shall 
follow the cantonal limits, so that the Cantons of Hermeskeil and 
Conz (in which latter, however, are excepted the places on the 
left bank of the Sarre) shall remain wholly to Pnissia, while the 
Cantons of Wadern, Merzig, and Saireburg are to be beyond 
the Prussian frontier. 

From the point where the limit of the Canton of Conz, below 
Gomlingen, traverses the SaiTe, the line shall descend the Sarre 
till it falls into the Moselle ; thence it shall re-ascend the Moselle 
to its junction with the Sarre, from the latter river to the mouth 
of the Our, and along the Our to the limits of the ancient Depart- 
ment of the Ourthe. The places traversed by these rivers shall 
not at all be divided, but shall belong, with their territories, to 
the Power in whose State the greater part of these places shall 
be situated ; the Rivers themselves, in so far as they form the 
frontier, shall belong in common to the two Powers bordering on 
them. 

In the old Department of the Ourthe, the live Cantons of 
Saint- Vith, Malmedy, Cronenburg, Schleiden, and Eui^en, with 
the advanced point of the Canton of Aubel, to the south of Aix-la- 
Chapelle, shall belong to Prussia, and the frontier shall follow that 

229 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [Ho. 27 

fVienxia Conffreas Treaty.] 

of theae cantons, so that a line, drawn from noHh to south, may 
cut the said point of the Canton of Aubel, and be prolonged as far 
as the point of contact of the thi'ee old Departments of the Ourthe, 
the Lower Meuse, and the Roer ; leaving that point, the frontier 
shall follow the line which sepai-ates these two last departments 
till it reaches the river Worm, which falls into the Roer, and 
shall go along this river to the point where it again touches the 
limits of these two departments ; when it shall pursue that limit 
to the south of Ilillensberg, shall ascend from thence towards the 
north, and leaving Hillensberg to Prussia, and cutting the Caiitou 
of Sittard in two parts, nearly equal, so that Sittard and Susteren 
remain on the left, shall reach the old Dutch territory ; then fol- 
lowing the old frontier of that territory, to the point where it 
touched the old Austrian Principality of Guelders, on the side of 
Ruremonde, and directing itself towards the most eastern point of 
the Dutch temtory, to the north of Swalmen, it shall continue to 
inclose this territory. 

Then, setting out from the most eastern point, it joins that 
other part of the Dutch territory in which Venloo is situated, 
without including the latter town and its district ; thence to tho 
old Dutch frontier near Mook, situated below Genep, it shall 
follow the courae of the Meuse, at such a distance from the right 
bank that all the places situated within a thousand Rhenish 
yards {Rheinldadische Ruthen) of this bank, shall, with their terri- 
tories, belong to the kingdom of the Netherlands ; it being well 
imderstood, however, in regard to the i-eciprocity of this prin- 
ciple, that no point of the bank of the Meuse shall constitute a 
portion of the Prussian territory, unless such point approach to 
within 800 Rhenish yards of it. 

Prom the point where the Uno just described joins the old 
Dutch frontier, as far as the Rhine, this fcontier shall remain 
essentially as it was in 1795, between Cleves and the United 
Provinces. It shall be examined by the Commission which shall 
be appointed without delay by the two Governments to proceed 
to the exact determination of the limits, both of the kingdom of 
the Netherlands, and the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, designated 
in Articles LXVI and LXVIII, and this Commission shall regulate, 
with the aid of experienced persons, whatever concerns the hydro- 
technical constructions, and other analogous points, in the most 
e(}uitable maimer, and conformably to the mutual interests of the 
Prussian States and of those of the Netherlands. This same 

280 



No. 27] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &0. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Oonflrress Treaty.] 

disposition extends to the i-egulatioa of the limits in the Districts 
of Kyfwaerd, Lobith, and all the temtory to Kekerdom. 

The places (enclaves) named Iluisseu, Malburg, Lymers, with 
the to^vn of Sevenaer, and the Lordship of Weel, shall form 
a part of the kingdom of the Netherlands, and His Prussian 
Majesty renounces them in i)erpetuity for himself, his heirs and 
socoessors. 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, in uniting to his States the 
provinces and districts designated in the present Article, enters 
into all the rights and takes upon himself all the charges and 
engagements stipulated with respect to the countries dismembered 
from France by the Treaty of Paris of the 80th May, 1814 
(No. 1). 

Griuul Duchy of the Lowei' Rhine, Cologne. 

The Prussian provinces upon the two banks of the Rhine, as 
far as above the town of Cologne, which shall also be comprised 
within this district, shall bear the name of Grand Duchy of the 
Lower Rhine, and His Majesty shall assume the title of it. 

Kiiujdom of Hanover, Late Electorate of Bi^nsivick-Lufiehuvg. 

Art. XXVI. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland, having substituted to his ancient title 
of Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, that of King of Hanover, 
and this title having been acknowledged by all the Powers of 
Europe, and by the Princes and Free Towns of Germany, the 
countries which have till now comix)sed th(^ Electorate of Bruns- 
wick-Luneburg, according as their limits have been i-ecognised 
and fixed for the future, by the following Articles, shall hence- 
forth form the Kingdom of Hanover. 

Cesslvns mude hij Prussia to Uanover.* 

Art. XXVII. His Majesty the King of Prussia cedes to His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, King of Hanover, to be possessed by His Majesty and 
his successors, in full property and Sovereignty :* 

* See Treaty between Hanover and Prussia, 29th May, 1815, Art^j. I 

and II. 

By a Decree of the King of Prussia dated 20ili September, 1866, Uie 
Kingdom of Hanover was annexed to the Prussian Dominions. The King 
of Hanover, on the 23rd Sepfcombcr, 186G, protested against this Annexation. 

231 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT Britain, Austria, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Oonffress Treaty.] 

1. The Principality of Hildesheim, which shall pass under the 
Government of His Majesty, with all the rights and all the charges 
with which the said Principality was transferred to the Prussian 
Government ; 

2. The Town and Tenitory of Goslar ; 

3. The Pnncipality of East Frieseland (Ost Friese), including 
the country called Harlingerland, imder the conditions recipro- 
cally stipulated in Article XXX for the naAngation of the Ems and 
the commerce of the port of Embden. The States of the Princi- 
pality shall preserve their rights and privileges ; 

4. The Lower County {Nieder Chafschaft) of Lingen, and the 
part of the Principality of Pi-ussian Munster which is situated 
between this county and the part of Rheina-Wolbeck occupied 
by the Hanoverian Government; bub as it has been agreed that 
the kingdom of Hanover shall obtain by this cession an accession 
of territory, comprising a population of 22,000 souls, and as the 
Lower County of Lingen and the part of the Principality of Munster 
here mentioned, might not come up to this condition, His Majesty 
the King of Prussia engages to cause the line of demarcation to 
be extended into the Principality of Munster, as far as may be 
necessaiy to contain that population. The Commission, which 
the Prussian and Hanoverian Governments shall name without 
delay, to proceed to the exact regulation of the limits, shall be 
particularly charged with the execution of this provision. 

His Prussian Majesty renounces in perpetuity, for himself, his 
descendants, and successors, the Provinces and Territories men- 
tioned in the present Article," as well as all the rights which have 
any relation to them. 

Hanover.* Fenunciatioii hy Pnissia of iheChajfterof Sf, Peter, in 

the Tjiironijh of Noerten. 

Art. XXVHL liis Majesty the King of Prussia renounces in 
perpetuity, for himself, his descendants, and successors, all i-ight 
and claim whatever that His Majesty, in his quality of Sovereign 
of Eichsfeld, might advance to the Chapter of St. Peter, in the 
borough of Noerten, or to its dejwndencies, situated in the Hano- 
verian tenitory. 

Cessions made hy Hanover to Prussia* 
Art. XXIX, His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom (>f 

* See note on preceding page. 
232 



Ho. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Ctonffress Treaty.] 

Great Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, cedes to His Majesty 
the King of Prussia, to be possessed by him and his successors, 
in full property and sovereignty : 

1. That part of the Duchy of Lauenburg situated upon the 
right bank of the Elbe, with the villages of Luneburg, situated 
on the same bank. The part of the duchy upon the left bank 
remains to the kingdom of Hanover. The States of that part of 
the duchy which passes under the Prussian Government shall 
preserve their rights and privileges ; especially those founded upon 
the provincial i?ec^3 of the 15th September, 1702, and confirmed by 
the King of Great Britain, now reigning, under date of 21st June, 
1766; 

2. The Bailiwick of Klotze ; 

3. The Bailiwick of Elbingerode ; 

4. The Villages of Rudigershagen and Gaensetcich ; 

5. The Bailiwick of Reckeberg. 

His Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover, renounces for hun- 
self, his descendants and successors for ever, the Provinces and 
Districts specified in the present Article, and all the rights which 
have reference to them.* 

NavigcUion aiid Commerce between Hanover and Prttssioy'f the 

EmSy a)ul Port of Emhden, 

Art. XXX. His Majesty the King of Prussia, and His 
Britannic Majesty, King of Uaiiover, animated with the desire of 
ontu-ely equalising the advantages of the commerce of the Ems 
and of the Port of Embden, and of rendering them common to 
their respective subjects, have agi-eed on this head to what 
follows : — 

1. The Hanoverian Gc)vernment engages to cause to be exe- 
cuted, at its exix^nse, in the years 1815 and 181G, the works which 
a Commission, composed partly of artists, and to be immediately 
appointed by Prussia and Hanover, shall deem necessary to render 
navigable that part of the river Ems which extends from the 
Prassian fi-ontier to its mouth, and to keep it, after the execution 
of such works, always in the same state in which those works 
shall have placed it for the benefit of navigation. 

2. The Prussian subjects shall be allowed to imix)rt and export, 
by the port of Embden, all kinds of provisions, productions, and 

• See aho Arts. XXIT and XIJT, pp. 227, 238. 
t See note p. 231. 

233 



9 June, 1815.] aBEAT Britain, austbu, &c. [No. 27 

[Yieana Ckm g rm i Treaty.] 

goods, whether uatui*al or artificial, and to keep in the town of 
Embden, warehouses whereui to plac6 the said goods for two 
yeare, dating from their arrival in tlio towns, without their being 
'subject to any other inspection than that to which those of the 
HanoYerian subjects arc liable. 

8. The Prussian vessels and merchants of the same nation 
shall not pay for navigation, for exix>rtation or importation of 
merchandise, or for warehousing, any other tolls or duties than 
those charged upon the Hanoverian subjects. These tolls and 
duties shall be I'eg^lated by agreement between Prussia and 
Hanover, and no alteration shall be introduce into the tarif 
hereafter but by mutual consent. The privileges and liberties 
just specified extend equally to those Hanoverian subjects who 
navigate that part of the river Ems which remains to the King of 
Prussia. 

4. Prussian subjects shall not be compellable to employ the 
merchants of Embden for the trade they carry on with that port ; 
they shall be at liberty to dispose of their commodities either to 
the inhabitants of the town or to foreigners, without paying any 
other duties than those to which the Ilanoverian subjects are 
subjected, and which cannot be raised but by mutual consent. 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, ou his part, engages to 
grant to Hanoverian subjects the fi-ee navigation of the canal of 
the Stecknitz, so as not to exact from them any other duties than 
those which shall be paid by the inhabitants of the Duchy of 
Jjauenburg. Uis Prussian Majesty engages, besides, to insure 
these advantages to Hanoverian subjects, should he hereafter 
cede the Duchy of Lauenburg to another Sovereign. 

Hanover aiid Prussia . Militai-y lloufcs. 

Art. XXXL His Majesty the Eang of Prussia and His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, King of Hanover, mutually agree to three military roads 
through their respective dominions. 

1st. One from Ilalberstadt, through the country of Ilildesheira, 
to Minden. 

2nd. A second from the Old March, through Gifhorn and 
Neustadt, to Minden. 

3rd. A third from Osnabruck, through Ippenbiireu and Kheina 
to Bentheim. 

234 



Ho. 27] dBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [0 June, 1B15. 

[YUnna OontfreM Treaty.] 

The two first in favour of Prussia, and the third in favour of 

Hanover. 

The two Governraeuts shall appoint, without delay, a Commis- 
sion to prepare, by common consent, the necessary regulations 
for the establishment of the said roads. 

Belatiotis of the Duke de Looz-Corsicaren and of the Count of 
Bentheim with the Kingdom of Hanover, 

Art. XXXII. The Bailiwick of Meppen, belon^ng to the 
Duke of Aremberg, as well as the part of Rbeina-Wolbeck, 
belonging to the Duke of Looz-Corswaren, which at this moment 
are provisionally occupied by the Hanoverian Government, shdl 
be placed in such relations with the Kingdom of Hanover, as the 
Federative Constitution of Germany shall regulate for the 
mediatised territories. 

The Prussian and Hanoverian Governments having neverthe- 
less reserved to themselves to agree hereafter, if necessary, to the 
fixing of another line of frontier with regard to the county belong- 
ing to the Duke of Looz-Corswaren, the said Governments shall 
charge the Commission they may name for fixing the limite of 
the part of the County of Lingen ceded to Hanover, to deliberate 
thereupon, and to adjust definitively the frontiers of that 
part of the county belonging to the Duke of Looz-Corswaren, 
which, as aforesaid, is to be possessed by the Hanoverian Govern- 
ment. 

The relations between the Hanoveiiau Government and the 
Comity of Bentheim shall remain as regulated by the Treaties of 
Mortg^age existing between His Britannic Majesty and the Count 
of Bentheim ; and when the rights derived frem this Treaty shall 
have expured, the relations of the County of Bentheim towards 
the Kingdom of Hanover shdl be such as the Federative Consti- 
tution of Germany shall regulate for the Mediatised territories. 

Cession to he made by Hanover to Oldenburg. 

Art. XXXIII. His Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover, in 
order to meet the wishes of His Prussian Majesty to procure a 
suitable arrondissement of territory for His Serene Highness 
the Duke of Oldenburg, promises to cede to him a district con- 
taining a population of 5,000 inhabitants. 

235 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT Britain, Austria, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Oongress Treaty.] 

Title of Grand Duke of Oldenburg. 

Art. XXXIV. His Serene Highness the Duke of HolBtein- 
Oldenburg shall assume the title of Grand Duke of Oldenburg. 

THtle of Grand Dulces of Mecklenburg- Schwerin and Streliiz, 

Art. XXXV. Their Sei'ene Highnesses tlie Dukes of Mecklen- 
burg-Schwerin and Mecklcnburg-Strelitz, shall assume the titles 
of Gmud Dukes of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Strelitz. 

Title of Grand Duke of Saot^-Weimar, 

Art. XXXVI. His Highness the Duke of Saxe- Weimar shall 
assume the title of Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar.; 

Cessions to he made hy Prussia to Saxe-Weimar, Fvlda, 

Art. XXXVII. His Majesty the King of Frussia shall cede 
from the mass of his States, as they have been fixed and recog- 
nised by the present Treat}^, to His Royal Highness the Grand 
Duke of Saxe- Weimar, districts containing a population of 50,000 
inhabitants, contiguous to, or bordering upon, the Prmcipality of 
Weimar.* 

His Prussian Majesty engages also to cede to His Royal 
Highness out of that part of the Principality of Fulda which has 
been given up to him in virtue of the same stipulations, districts 
containing a population of 27,000 inhabitants. 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Weimar shall posseps 
the above districts in full pro^jeity and Sovereignty, and shall 
unite them in perpetuity to his present States. 

Prussia and Sa re-Weimar. Ulterior Arrangements regarding 

these Cessions. 

Art. XXXVIII. The districts and territories which are to Ui 
ceded to His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, 
in xirtuc of the preceding Article, shall be determined by a par- 
ticular Convention ;t and His Majesty the King of Prussia engages 
to conclude this Convention, and to cause the above districts and 
territories to be given up to His Royal Highness, within two 
months from the date of the exchange of the i-atifications of the 
Treaty concluded at Vienna, Ist June, 1815 (No. 24), between 
His Pnissian Majesty and His Royal Highness the Grand Duke. 

• See Art. XXXIX, p. 237. t 22nd September, 1815. 

236 



No. 27] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTEU, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna CongreM Treaty.] 

Prittssia atul Suxe- WGimur. Tcrritonj to he ylven vp unnwdintdy 

to the Grand Duke of Weimar. 

Art. XXXIX. Ilis Majesty the Kiug of Pinissia, however, 
cedes immediately, and promises to give up to His Royal High- 
ness, in the space of a fortnight, reckoning from the signature of 
the above-mentioned Treaty, the following districts and terri- 
tories ; viz., 

The Lordship of Blankenhayn, with the reservation of the 
Bailiwick of Wandersleben,* belonging to Unter-Gleichen, which 
is not to be comprised in this cession ; 

The Lower Lordship (Ntedere-Herschajt) of Kranichfeld, the 
Commanderies of the Teutonic order of Zwaetzen, Lehesten, and 
Liebst^dt, with their demesnial revenues, which, constituting a 
part of the Bailiwick of Eckartsberga, are inclosed in the territory 
of Saxe- Weimar, as well as all the other tenitories inclosed 
within the Principality of Weimar, and belonging to the said 
bailiwick; the Bailiwick of Tautenburg, with the exception of 
Droizen, Gorschen, Wethaluug, Wetterscheid, and MoUschiitz, 
which shaU remain to Prussia ; 

The Village of Remssla, as well as the Villages of Klein- 
Brembach and Bcrlstedt, inclosed within the Principality of 
Weimar, and belonging to the territory of Erfurth ;* 

The property of the Villages of BischofFsroda and Probstei- 
zella, inclosed within the territor}- of Eisenach, the Sovereignty 
of which already belongs to His Royal Highness the Grand 
Duke. 

The population of these different districts is understood to 
form part of that of 50,000 souls, secured to His Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, by Article XXXVII, and shall 
be deducted from it. 

Cession of a Portion of the former Department of Fulda to 

Priissia. 

Art. XL. The Department of Pulda, together with the terri- 
tories of the ancient Nobility {CAncienne Noblesse immediate de 
V Empire) comprised, at this moment, under the provisional ad- 
ministration of this department, ^^z. : Mansbach, Buchenau, 
Werda, Lengsfeld ; — excepting, however, the following bailiwicks 
and territories, viz. ; the Bailiwicks of Hammelburg, with Thulba 
and Saleck, Bruckenau with Molten, Saalmunster, with Urzel 

• dee Art. XXIII, p. 226. 
237 



9 June, 18160 GBBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [Mo. 27 

[Tienna Oon8:reu Treaty.] 

and Sonnerz ; also the part of the Bailiwick of Biberetein, which 
contains the villages of Batten, Brand, Dietges, Findlos, Liebharts, 
Melperz, Ober-Bemhardt, Saifierts, and Thaideu, aa well as the 
domain of Hdzkirchen, inclosed in the Grand Duchy of Wurts- 
burg;— is ceded to His Majesty the King of Prussia, and he shall 
be put in possession of it within three weeks from and after the 
Ist June of this year. 

His Prussian Majesty engages to take upon himself, in pro- 
portion to that part of the territory which he obtains by the 
present Article, his share of the obligations which all the new 
possessors of the heretofore Grand Duchy of Frankfort will have 
to fulfil, and to transfer such engagements to the Princes with 
whom His Majesty may hereafter make exchanges or cessions 
of these districts and territories of the Department of Fulda. 

Arrangefne7iis relative io the Purchasers of Dtyniains in the Princi' 
pality of Fulda afid the County of Hana/u, 

Art. XLI. The domains of the Principality of Fulda and of 
the County of Hanau having been sold to purchasers, who have 
not as yet made good all their instalments, a Commission shall l)e 
named by the Princes to whom the said domains are transferred, 
to regelate, in an uniform manner, whatever has any reference to 
this transaction, and to do justice to the claims of the purchasers 
of the said domains. This Commission shall pay particular atten- 
tion to the Treaty concluded at Frankfort, on the 2nd December, 
1813,* between the Allied Powers and His Royal Highness the 
Elector of Hesse ; and it is laid down as a principle, that in case 
the sale of these domains should not be considered as binding, 
the purchasers shall receive back the sums ali-eady discharged, 
and they shall not be obliged to quit before such restitution shall 
have had its full and entire effect. 

Cession of Town and Terrltwij of Wetzlar to King of Prussia, 

Art. XLII. The Town and Teiritory of Wetzlar passes, in all 
property and Sovereignty, to His Majesty the King of Prussia.f 

Relations of the Mediatised Districts of the Old Circle of 
Westphalia with the Prussian Monarchy, 

Art. XLIII. The following Mediatised districts, viz, ; the 
possessions which the Princes of Salm-Salm, and Salm-Kyrburg, 

• See Appendix. f Sm also Art. XXIV, p. 227. , 

288 



Ho. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [9 Jone, 1816. 

[Vienna Conffremi Treaty.] 

the Counts called the Rhein' und Wildgrafen^ and the Duke of 
Croy, obtained by the principal Reck of the extraordinary 
Deputation of the Empire, of the 25th February, 1803,* in the old 
Circle of Westphalia, as well as the Lordships of Anholt and 
Gehmen, the possessions of the Duke of Looz-Corswaren, which 
are in the same situation (in so far as thoy are not placed under 
the Hanoverian Government), the County of Steinfurt, belonging 
to the Count of Bentheim-Bentheim, the County of Eecklings- 
hausen, belonging to the Duke of Arcmberg, the Lordships of 
Rheda, Gutersloh, and Gronau, belonging to the Count of Bent- 
heim-Tecklcnburg, the County of Rittberg, belonging to the 
Prince of Kaunitz, the Lordships of Neustadt and Gimbom, 
belonging to the Count of Walmoden, and the T^ordship of Ilom- 
burg, belonging to the Princes of Sayn-AVittgenstein-Berleburg, 
shall be placed in such relations with the Prussian Monarchy as 
the Federative Constitution of Germany shall regulate for the 
Mediatised territories. 

Tlic possessions of the ancient Nobility {TAmlenne Noblesse 
imme'diate de t Empire) within the Prussian territory, and par- 
ticularly the Lordship of Wildenberg, in the Grand Duch^' of 
Berg, and the Barony of Schauen, in the Principality of Halber- 
stadt, shall belong to the Prussian Monarchy.f 

Comon of the Grand l}uc7ty of Wnrizhnrg^ and of the Prlncq)ah'ty 
of Aschaffenhurg to the King of Bavaria, 

Art. XLIV. His Majesty the King of Bavaria shall poBsess, 
for himself, his heii-s and successors, in full property and Sove- 
i-eignty, the Grand Duchy of Wurtzburg, as it was held by His 
Imi)crial Highness the Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, and the 
Principality of Aschaffenburg, such as it constituted i>art of tlio 
Grand Duchy of Frankfort, luider the denomination of Depart- 
ment of Aschaffenburg. 

Maintenance of the Prince Priniate. 

Art. XLV. With i-esixHJt to the rights and prerogatives, and 
the maintenance of the Prince Primate as an ancient ecclesiastical 
Prince, it is determined ; 

Ist. That he shall be treated in a manner analogous to the 
Articles of the Recis^ which, in 1803*, regulated the situation 

» See Appendix. f Sec also Art. XXIV. 

239 



9 June, 1816.] GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

of the seculaiised Priuccs, and to the practice observed with 
regard to them. 

2udly. He shall receive for this purpose, dating from the 1st 
of June, 1814, the sum of 100,000 florins, by payments of three 
months, iu good specie, at the rate of 24 florins to the mark, 
as an annuity. 

This annuity shall be paid by the Sovereigns mider whose 
Governments the provinces or districts of the Grand Duchy of 
Frankfort pass, in proportion to the part which each of them 
shall possess. 

3dly. The advances made by the Prince Primate, from his 
private purse, to the general chest of the Principality of Fulda, 
such as they have been liquidated and proved, shall be refunded 
to him, his heirs, or executors. 

This expenditure shall be defrayed in proportions by the 
Sovereigns who shall possess the provinces and districts com- 
posing the PrincipaUty of Fulda. 

4thly. The furniture and other objects which may be proved 
to belong to the private property of the Prince Primate, shall be 
i-estored to him. 

5thly. The officei-s of the Grand Duchy of Frankfort, as 
well civil and ecclesiastical as military and diplomatic, shall be 
treated conformably to the principles of Aiticle LIX of the Reces 
of the Empire, dated the 25th Febniary, 1803,* and from the 
Ist of June the pcnsiojis shall be proportionably paid by the 
Sovereigns who enter on the possession of the States which 
formed the said Grand Duchy since the 1st of June, 1814. 

Gthly. A Commission shall be established without delay, com- 
posed of members appointed by the said Sovereigns, to regulate 
whatever relates to the execution of the dispositions comprised in 
this Article. 

7thly. It is undei'stood, that in virtue of this arrangement, any 
claim that might be advanced against the Prince Primate, in 
his character of Grand Duke of Frankfort, shall be annulled, and 
that he shall not be molested on accoimt of any reclamation of 

this nature. 

Tlie Free Tomn of Frankfort. 

Akt. XLVI. The City of Frankfort, with its tenitory, such 
as it was in 1803,t is declared Free, and shall constitute a part of 

* See Appendix. 

t The Free Town of Frankfort was annexed to Prussia by Decree dated 
20th September, 1S66. 

240 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Confess Treaty.] 

the Germanic League. Its institutions shall be founded upon the 
principle of a perfect equality of rights for the different sects of 
tlie Clu-istian religion. This equality of rights shall extend to all 
civil and poUtical rights, and shall be observed in all matters of 
government and administration. The disputes which may arise, 
whether in regard to the establishment of the Constitution, or in 
regard to its maintonance, shall be referred to the Germanic Diet, 
and can only be decided by the same. 

Indemnities to the Grand Duke of Ilesse* 
Art. XLVII. ElLs Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, 
in exchange for the Duchy of Westphalia, ceded to His Majesty 
the King of Prussia,f obtains a territory on the left bank of the 
Rhine, in the ancient Department of Mont-Tonnerre, comprising 
a population of 140,000 inhabitants. His Royal Highness shall 
possess this territc-ry in full Sovereignty and property. He shall 
likewise obtain the pr()|)erty of that part of the Salt Mines of 
Kreutznach which is situated on the left bank of the Nahe, but 
the Sovereignty of them shall remain to Prussia. 

Reinstatem^int of the Landgrave of He88C'Honiburg.\ 
Akt. XLVIII. The Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg is rein- 
stated in his possessions, revenues, rights, and political relations, 
of which he was deprived in consequence of the Confederation 
of the Rhine. 

Cession of Territory to Oldenburg^ Saxe-Coburg, Mecklenburg^ 

Strelitz, H^^se-Hoinburg^ and the Count of Pappenheim, 
Art. XLIX.§ In the ci-devant Department of the Sarre, on the 
Frontiers of the States of His Majesty the King of Prussia, there 
is reserved a district, containing a population of 69,000 souls, to 
be dis|)Osed of in the following manner: — The Duke of Saxe- 
Coburg and the Duke of Oldenburg shall obtain each a territory 
comprising 20,000 inhabitants. The Duke of Mccklenburg- 

♦ By the Treaty between Prussia and Hesse-Darmstadt of Srd September, 
1866, various Districts were ceded to the Grand Duke. 

t See Art. XXIV. 

t See also Treaty 20t]i July, 1819, Art. XXVI. On the extinction of 
the Male Lino of the reigning House of Hesse-Homburg, the Landgrayiate 
was annexed to Hesse-Darmstadt by Patent dated 24th March, 1866 ; and 
by the Treaty of Peace of the Srd September, 1866, Art. XIV, the Grand 
Duke of Hesse ceded all his Soyereign and Domanial Rights over the Land- 
graviate of Hesse-Homburg to the King of Prussia. 

§ See Treaties between Mecklenburg- Strelitz and Prussia of 18th Sep- 
tember, 1816 ; 20th July, 1819 ; and Slst May, 183i, 

241 R 



/ 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

Strelitz and the Landgrave of Hesac-Homburg, each a Territoiy 
comprising 10,000 iuhabitants ; and the Count of Pappenheim a 
Territory comprising 9,000 inhabitants.* 

The territory of the Count of Pappenheim shall be under the 
Sovereignty of His Prussian Majesty. 

Future Arrangements relative to tliese Territories. 

Art. L.f The acquisitions assigned by the preceding Article to 
the Dukes of Saxe-Coburg, Oldenburg, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and 
the Landgrave of Ilesse-Homburg, uot being contiguous to their 
respective States, their Majesties the Emperor of Austria, the 
Emperor of all the Kussias, and the Kings of Great Britain and 
Prussia, promise to employ their good offices, at the close of the 
present war, or as soon as circumstances shall peiiuit, in order 
to procure for the said Princes, either by exchanges or any other 
arrangements, the advantages that they are disposed to insure to 
them ; and that the administration of the said districts may be 
rendered less complicated, it is agreed that they shall be pro- 
visionally under the Prussian administration for the benefit of the 
new proprietors. 

Territory and Possessions on the Banks of the Bhine ceded to 

Austria.^ 
Ajbt. LL All the territories and possessions, as well on the 
left bank of the Rhine, in the old Departments of the Sarre and 
Mont-Tonnerre, as in the former Departments of Fulda and Frank- 
fort, or inclosed in the adjacent countries, placed at the disposal 
of the AlUed Powers by the Treaty of Paris of 80th May, 1814 
(No. 1), and not disposed of by other Articles of the present 
Treaty, shall pass in full Sovereignty and property, under the 
Government of Ilis Majesty the Emperor of Austria.§ 

Principality of Isenhurg given to Austria, 
Art. LII. The Principality of Isenburgjl is placed under the 

* Bj the Troatj between Prussia and Saxe-Coburg of 81st Maj, 1834, 
Lichtenberg was ceded to Prussia. 

t See Treaty between Prussia and Mecklenburg-Strelitz of 18th Sept., 1816. 

X See Definitive Treaty between Great Britain, &e., and Franco of 20th 
November, 1815, Art. Vl ; and Convention between Austria and Prussia of 
Ist July, 1816. 

§ See Art. XXXVII ; Protocol between the 4 Powers of 8rd November^ 
1816 ; and Treaties of 22nd September and 16th October, 1816. 

II This Principality was ceded by Austria to Uesao-DarmBtadt by the 
Treaty of 20th July, 1819. 

242 



Ho. 27] GREAT BKITAIN, AUSTBIA, Ao. [9 June, 1815. 

[Viexuia ConirresB Treaty.] 

Sovereignty of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, and 
shall belong to him, under such limitations as the Federative Con- 
stitution of Grermany shall regulate for the Mediatised States. 

Germanic ConfederaMon,* 

Abt. LIII. The Sovereign Princes and Free Towns of Ger- 
many, under which denomination, for the present purpose, are 
comprehended their Majesties the Emperor of Austria, the Kings 
of Prussia, of Denmark, and of the Netherlands ; that is to say : — 

The Emperor of Austria and the King of Prussia, for all their 
possessions which anciently belonged to the German Empire ; 

The King of Denmark, for the Duchy of Holstein ; 

And the King of the Netherlands, for the Grand Duchy of 
Luxemburg ; 

establish among themselves a perpetual Confederation, which 
shall be called '^ The Germanic Confederation." 

Oermanic Goafederation. Object of the Gonfedoration, 
Art. LIV. The object of this Confederation is the mainte- 
nance of the external and internal safety of Germany, and of the 
Independence and InxiolabiUty of the Confederated States. 

Oermanic Gonfederation. EqualUy of the Members, 
Abt. LV. The Members of the Confederation, as such, are 
equal with regard to their rights ; and they all equally engage to 
maintain the Act which constitutes their union. 

Oennanic Gaiifederaiion. Federative Diet, 
Art. LVI. The affairs of the Confederation shall be confided to 
a Federative Diet, in which all the Members shall vote by their 
Plenipotentiaries, either individually or collectively, in the follow- 
ing manner, without prejudice to their rank : — 

1. Austria , . . . . . • • 1 Vote. 

2. Prussia . . . . . . . . 1 „ 

3. B<avaria . . . . . • . . 1 „ 

4. Saxony . . . . . . . . 1 „ 

* See also Protocol between 4 Powers of 3rd Noyen)ber, 1815, and Final 
Act of 15th May, 1820. In June, 1866, War ensued between Prussia and 
Italj on the one tide, and Austria on the other. On the 23rd August, 1866, 
a Treaty of Peace was signed at Prague, by Art. IV of which Austria acknow- 
ledged that the Germanic Confederation was dissolved ; and on the I'Uh June, 
1867, the Constitution of the North German Confederation was promulgated. 
On the 19th July, 1870, War was formally declared by France against Prussia, 
the other States of Germany subsequently taking part in this war. On the 
16th April, 1871| a new Constitution for the German Empire was promulgated. 

243 R 2 



9 June, 1815.] aKRAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, *o. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

5. Hanover . . . . . . . . 1 Vote. 

6. Wurtemberg . . . . . . . . 1 

7. Baden . . . . . . . . • • 1 

8. Electoral Hesse [Hesse-Cassel] . . 1 

9. Grand Duchy of Hesse [Hesse- 

Darmstadt] . . . . . • . . 1 

10. Denmark, for Holstein . , . . 1 

11. The Netherlands, for Luxemburg .• 1 

12. Grand-Ducal and Ducal Houses of 

Saxony . . . . . . . . 1 

13. Brunswick and Nassau . . • . 1 

14. Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Strelitz , . 1 

15. Holstein-Oldenburg, Anhalt and 

Schwartzburg . . . . . • 1 

16. Hohenzollem, Liechtenstein, Reuss, 

Schaumburg-Lippe, Lippe and 
Waldeck . . . . . . . . 1 

1 7. The Free Towns of Lubeck, Frankfort, 

Bremen, and Hamburgh . . • • 1 



99 

»1 

>1 
11 

»1 



n 



1? 



Total . . . . 17 Votes. 

Oermanic Confederation* Presidency of Avstria at Diet, 
Art. LVII. Austria shall preside at the Federative Diet. Each 
State of the Confederation has the right of making propositions, 
and the presiding State shall bring them under deliberation within 
a definite time. 

Oermanic Confederation* Compo/dtioti of the General Assembly.^ 
Abt. LVIII. Whenever fundamental laws are to be enacted, 
changes made in the fundamental laws of the Confederation, 
measures adopted relative to the Federative Act itself, and organic 
institutions or other arrangements made for the common interest, 
the Diet shall form itself into a General Assembly, and, in that 
case, the distribution of votes shall be as follows, calculated 
according to the respective extent of the individual States : — 

Austria! shall have . . . . . . 4 Votes. « 

jl ruosia •• •• •■ •• m » ^ ,, 

* See note p. 242. 

t Altered by Bubsequent ConstitutionB of 1th June, 1867, and 16th April, 
1871. 

t Austria consented to be excluded from the New Organisation of Ger- 
many by her Treaty with Prussia, signed at Prague, 23rd August, 1866. 

244 



No. 27] 



GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815 
[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 



Saxony 
Bavaria* , . 
Hanoverf . . 
Wurtemberg 
Baden 



• • 



4 Votes. 

4 

4 

4 

8 



19 



Electoral nosset [ITeflse-Cassel] . . 3 

Grand Duchy of He88e[IIe88e-Darmstadt]J 3 



i> 



11 



• • 



11 
»i 
i> 
11 

11 
Vote. 

11 
« 

>» 

11 



11 



11 



11 



i> 



Holstein§ 3 

Luxemburg . . . . . . . . 3 

Bmnswick . . . . . , . . 2 

Mecklenburg-Schwerin . . . . . . 2 

NasBauf 2 

Saxe- Weimar 

Saxe-Gotba 

Saxe-Coburg 

Saxe-Meiningen . . 

Saxe-Hildburghausen 

Mecklenburg-Strelitz 

Holstein-Oldenburg 

Anhalt-Dessau 

Anhalt-Bernburgl I 

Anhalt-KothenlT . . 

Schwartzburg-Sondershausen 

* Certain districte belonging to Bayaria were ceded to Prussia by the 
Treaty of 22nd August, 1866. 

f Annexed to Prussia by Decree dated 20th September, 1866. The King 
of Hanover protested against this annexation, on the 23rd September, 1866. 

X Certain districts belonging to the Ghrand Duchy of Hesse were ceded to 
Prussia by the Treaty of 3rd September, 1866. 

§ In January, 1864, war broke out between Austria, Prussia, and Denmark ; 
and by the Treaty of Peace signed at Vienna on the 30th October, 1864, certain 
Rights oyer the Duchies of Holstcin and Schleswig were secured to Austria. 
In June, 1866, war ensued between Prussia and Italy against Austria, and by 
the Treaty of Peace, signed at Prague on the 23rd August, 1866, the Duchies 
of Holstein and Schleswig were annexed to Prussia, " on the condition that 
the Populations of the northern districts of Schleswig should be ceded to 
Denmark, if, by firce vote, they expressed a wish to bo united to Denmark." 
By the Law of 24th December, 1866, those Duchies were united with the 
Prussian Monarchy. 

II Became extinct on the death of the Duke of Anhalt-Bemburg on the 
19th August, 1863, when all the territories of Anhalt were united under one 
head as the Duchy of Anhalt. 

% Became extinct on the death of the Duke of Anhalt- Kdtheu, 23rd 
November, 1847, when its territories were united to Anhalt-Dessau by Patent 
of 22nd Biav, 1853. 

245 



[So. 27 



n 


11 


>» 


11 


n 


»» 



Vote. 



n 
Ji 

»i 

ji 
n 



9 June, 1815.] GhBBAT BRITAIN, AUSntlA, Ac, 

[Vieima Ckm^ress Treaty.] 

Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt 

HohenzoUern-IIeckiiigen 

Liechtenstein 

Ilohenzolleni-Sigmaringen 

Waldeck* . . 

Reuse (Elder Branch) [Reuse Greitz] 

Reussf (Younger Branch) [Reuse Schleitz] 

Schaumburg-Lippe 

Lippc 

The Free Town of Lubeck 

Frankfortf 

Bremen 

Hamburgh} 

Total .. 69 Votes. 

The Diet in deliberating on the organic laws of the Ck)nfede- 
ration, shall consider whether any collective votes ought to be 
granted to the ancient Mediatised States of the Empire. 

Oermamc Cmifederation. Arrangements relating to the Diet, 

Art. LIX. The question, whether a subject is to be discussed 
by the General Assembly, conformably to the principles above 
established, shall be decided in the Ordinary Assembly by a 
majority of votes. The same Assembly shall prepare the drafts 
of resolutions which are to be proposed to the General Assembly, 
and shall furnish the latter with all the necessary information, 
either for adopting or rejecting them. 

The plurality of votes shall regulate the decisions, both in the 
Ordinary and General Assemblies, with this difference, however, 
that in the Ordinary Assembly, an absolute majority shall be 
deemed sufficient, while, in the other, two-thirds of the votes shaQ 
be necessary to form the majority. 

When the votes are even in the Ordinary Assembly, the Pre- 
sident shall have the casting vote ; but when the Assembly is to 
deliberate on the acceptance or change of any of the fundamental 
laws, upon organic institutions, upon individual rights, or upon 

* The Administration of the Principalities of Waldeck and Pjrmont waa 
transferred to Prussia by the Treatj of 18th July, 1867. 

t Annexed to Prussia by Decree of 20th September, 1866, and Patent 
of 8rd October, 1866. 

t The Constitution of the North German Confederation of 14th Juno, 
1867» was officially published ag Law by the Senate of Hamburgh, to takt 
effect from the 1st July, 1867. 

246 



No. 27] CUtEAT BEITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Conffress Treaty.] 

affairs of religion, the plurality of votes shall not be deemed suflS- 
cient, either in the Ordinary or in the General Assembly. 

The Diet is permanent : it may, however, when the subjects 
submitted to its deliberation are disposed of, adjourn for a fixed 
period, which shall not exceed fi^ur months. 

All ulterior arrangements relative to the postponement or the 
dispatch of urgent business which may arise during the recess 
shall be reserved for the Diet, which will consider them when 
engaged in preparing the organic laws. 

Oennanic Govfederatloiu Order of Voting in Diet, 

Art. LX. With respect to the order in which the members of 
the Confederation shall vote, it is agreed, that while the Diet shall 
be occupied in framing organic laws, there shall be no fixed regu- 
lation ; and whatever may be the order observed on such an 
occasion, it shall neither prejudice any of the members, nor esta- 
blish a precedent for the future. After framing the organic laws, 
the Diet will deliberat^e upon the manner of arranging this matter 
by a permanent regulation, for which purpose it will depart as 
little as possible from those which have been observed in the 
ancient Diet, and more particularly according to the Tteces of the 
Deputation of the Empire in 1803.* The order to be adopted shall 
in no way affect the rank and pi-ecedence of the members of the 
Confederation except in as far as they conc-ern the Diet. 

Germanic C on fedc ration. Diet to assemhU at Frankfort. 

Art. LXI. The Diet shall assemble at Frankfort on the Mame. 
Its first meeting is fixed fur the 1st of September, 1815. 

Germanic Confederation. The Framing of Fundamental Laws. 

Art. LiXII. The first objc<-t to be considered by the Diet 
after its opening shall be the framing of the fundamental laws of 
the Confederation, and of its organic institutions, with respect to 
its exterior, military, and interior relations. 

Germanic Confederation. Maintenance of Peace in Germany. 

Disptftes to he sdtled thrmujh Mediation of the Diet, or by an 

Austregal Court. 

Art. LXIII. Tlio States of the C(mfederation engage to defend 
not only the whole of Germany, but each individual State of the 
Union, in CAse it should be attacked, and they mutually guarantee 

* Sec Appendix. 
247 



9 June, 1815.] C^BEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Conirress Treaty.] 

to each other such of their possessions as are comprised in this 
Union. 

When war shall be declared by the Confederation, no member 
can open a separate negotiation with the enemy, nor make peace, 
nor conclude an armistice, without the consent of the other 
members. 

The Confederated States engage, in the same manner, not to 
make war against each other, on any pretext, nor to pursue their 
differences by force of arms, but to submit them to the Diet, 
which will attempt a mediation by means of a Commission. If 
this should not succeed, and a juridical sentence becomes neces- 
sary, recourse shall be had to a well organized Austregal Court 
{Au8tragaUnstanz\ to the decision of which the contending parties 
are to submit without appeal. 

Qemianic Confederation, Particular Arrangements, 

Art. liXrV. The Articles comprised under the title of Par^ 
ticular Arrangements^ in the Act of the Germanic Confederation, as 
annexed to the present General Treaty, both in original and in a 
French translation, shall have the same force and validity as if 
they were textually inserted herein (No. 26). 

Territories forming the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Recognition 
hy Austria of Royal Digtiity in House of Orange-Nassau,^ 

Art. LXV. The ancient United Provinces of the Nether- 
lands and the late Belgic Provinces, both within the limits fixed 
by the following Article, shall form, — together with the countries 
and territories designated in the same Article, under the Sove- 
reignty of His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange-Nassau, 
Sovereign Prince of the United Provinces, — ^the Kingdom of the 
Netherlands, hereditaiy in the order of succession already esta- 
blished by the Act of the Constitution of the said United Pro- 
vinces. The title and the prerogatives of tho Royal dignity 
are recognised by all the Powers in the House of Orange- 
Nassau. 

Boundaries of tho Kingdom of th^i Netherlands.* 
Art. LXVI. The line comprising the territories which com- 

* The Union bet^reen Holland and Belgium was diBsolved bj the Treaties 
of 15th November, 1881, and 19th April, 1889. 

248 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &G. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Conirress Treaty.] 

pose the Kingdom of the Netherlands is determined in the 
following manner : — 

It leaves the sea, and extends along the frontiers of France 
on the side of the Netherlands, as rectified and fixed by Article III 
of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), to the 
Mouse ; thence along the same frontiers to the old limits of the 
Duchy of Luxemburg. From this point it follows the dirc^ction 
of the limits between that Duchy and the ancient Bishopric of 
Liege, till it meets (to the south of Dciffclt) the western limits of 
that canton, and of that of Malmedy, to the point where the 
latter reaches the limits between the old Departments of the 
Ourthe and the Roer ; it then follows these limits to where they 
touch those of the former French Canton of Eupen, in the 
Duchy of Limburg, and following the western limit of that 
canton, in a northerly direction, leaving to the right a small 
part of the former French Canton of Aubel, joins the point of 
contact of the three old Departments of the Ourthe, the Lower 
Meuse, and the Roer ; parting again from this point, this line 
follows that which divides the two latter departments,' luitil it 
reaches the Worm (a river falling into the Roer), and goes along 
this river to the point where it again reaches the limit of these 
two departments, pursues this limit to the south of Hillonsberg 
(the old Department of the Roer), from whence it reascends to 
the north, and leaving Ilillensberg to the right and dividing the 
Canton of Sittard into two nearlj'^ equal parts, so that Sittard and 
Snsteren remain on the left, it reaches the old Dutch territory, 
from whence, leaving this territory to the left, it goes on follow- 
ing its eastern frontier to the point where it touches the old 
Austrian Principality of Guelders, on the south side of Rure- 
monde, and directing itself towards the most eastern point of the 
Dutch teiTitory, to the north of Swalmen, continues to inclose 
this territory. 

Lastly, setting out from the most eastern point it joins that 
part of the Dutch territory in which Venloo is situated; that town 
and its territory being included within it. From thence to the 
old Dutch frontier near Mook, situated above Genep, the line 
follows the course of the Meuse at such a distance from the 
right bank that all the places within 1,000 Rhenish yaitls 
{Rliexnh'indische Ruthen) from it shall Ix'loiig, with their territories, 
to the Kingdom of the Netherlands; it lx»ing understood, however, 
as to the reciprocity of this principle, that the Prussian territf)ry 

249 



9 Jane, 1815 J ^KEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [No. 27 

[Vienna Oonflrress Treaty.] 

shall not at any point touch the Meuse, or approach it within the 
distance of 1,000 Rhenish yards. 

Frontier between Oleves and United Provinces, 

Prom the point where the line just described reaches the 
ancient Dutch frontier, as far as the Rhine, this frontier shall 
remain essentially the same as it was in 1795, between Cloves 
and the United Provinces. 

Mixed Commission between Prussia and the Netherlands, 

This line shall be examined by a Commission, which the 
Governments of Pnissta and the Netherlands shall name without 
delay, for the purpose of proceeding to the exact determination 
of the limits, as well of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, as of 
the Grand Duchj^ of Luxemburg, specified in Article LXVIII ; and 
this Commission, aided by professional persons, shall regulate 
everythhig concerning the hydrotechnical constructions, and 
other similar points, in the most equitable manner, and the most 
cx)nformable to the mutual interests of the Prussian States, and 
of those of the Netherlands. This same arrangement refers to 
the fixing of limits in the Districts of Kyfwaerd, Lobith, and 
in the whole territory as far as Kckerdom. 

Prussian Renunciation of Uui^sen, Malburg, Lymers^ Sevenaer, 

and Weel. 
The enclaves of Iluisucn, Malburg, Lymers, with the town of 
iSevenaei' and Lordship of Wecl, shall form a part of the Kingdom 
of the Netherlands ; and His Prussian Majesty renounoes them in 
perpetuity, for himself, his heirs and successors. 

Grand Duchy of Luxemhunj. Sovereignty of ike King of the 

Nctlierlamls. Successitm. 

Art. LXVII. That part of the old Duchy of Luxemburg 
which is comprised in the limits specified in the following 
Article, is likewise ceded to the Sovereign Prince of the United 
Provinces, now King of the Netherlands, to be possessed in per- 
petuity by him and his successors, in full property and Sovereignty. 
The Soverfugu of the Netherlands shall add to his titles that of 
Grand Duke of Luxemburg, His Majesty reserving to himself 
the privilege of making such family arrangement between the 
Princes his sons, relative to the succession to the Grand Duchy, 

250 



Ho. 27] aBBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [9 June, 1815. 

CVienna Congress Treaty.] 

as he shall think conformable to the interests of his monarchy 
and to his paternal intentions. 

Orand Duchy of Luxemburg a State of the Oermanic 

Confederation. 
The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, serving as a compensation 
for the Principalities of Nassau-Dillenburg, Siegen, Iladamar and 
Dietz, shall form one of the States of the Oermanic Confedera- 
tion ; and the Prince, King of the Netherlands, shall enter into 
the system of this Confederation as Grand Duke of Luxemburg, 
with all the prerogatives and privileges enjoyed by the other 
German Princes. 

lAtiXemhurg a Fortress of the Oermanic Confed-eration. Bight of 
King of Netherlands to appoint Governor and Military Gom- 
mandant.^ 

The Town of Luxemburg, in a militaiy point of view, shall 
be considered as a Fortress of the Confederation ;t the Grand Duke 
shall, however, retain the right of appointing the Governor and 
military Commandant of this Fortress, subject to the approbation 
of the executive power of the Confederation, and under such other 
conditions as it may be judged necessary to establish, in con- 
formity with the future Constitution of the said Confederation. 

Boundaries of the Grand Duchy of Luxeinhurg.\ 
Abt. LXVIIL The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg shall cousist 

* By the Treat/ between Prussia and the Netherlands of 8th November, 
1816, it was agreed that those Sovereigns should jointly garrison the Fortress 
of Luxemburg, and that the King of Prussia should appoint the Qovcmor 
and Commandant to the Fortress, but without affecting the Sovereign right-s 
of the King of the Netherlands. See also Treaties between Gh!*eat Britain 
and tlie Netherlands of I6th November, 1816 ; between Austria and the 
Netherlands of 12th March, 1817 ; and between Russia and the Netherlands 
of 17th April, 1817. The right of appointing the GK)vemor and Military 
CoDunandant was transferred to the King of Prussia by the General Treaty 
of Frankfort of 20th July, 1819, Art. XXXVI. 

+ See Protocol between the 4 Powers of 3rd November, 1815. 

X By the Treaty between the 5 Powers and Belgium of 15th November, 
1831, the Union between Holland and Belgium was dissolved, and the Grand 
Duchy of Luxemburg was so divided that one-third of it (including the 
Fortress) was preserved to Holland, and two-thirds given to- Belgium ; that 
portion assigned to Belgium being in no way connected with the Germanic 
Confederation. The King of the Netherlands refused to consent to this 
arrangement ; and the Treaty of 15th November, 1831, was therefore can- 
eelled on the 19th April, 1889, on which day fresh Treaties were signed be- 
tween the 5 Powers and Belgium, between the 5 Powers and the NetherUndt», 

251 



June, 1815.] CHUEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Tienxia Congress Treaty.] 

of all the territory situated between the Kingdom of the Nether- 
lands, as it has been designated by Article LXVI, France, the 
Moselle, as far as the mouth of the Sure, the course of the Sure, 
as far as the junction of the Our, and the course of this last river, 
as far as the limits of the former French Canton of St. Vitli, 
which shall not belong to the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg. 

Luxemburg. Arrangements respecting the Duchy of Bouillon. 
Disputes to he settled hy Arbitration, 

Art. LXIX. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Grand 
Duke of Luxemburg, shall possess in perpetuity, for himself and 
his successors, the full and entire Sovereignty of that part of the 
Duchy of Bouillon, which is not ceded to France by the Treaty of 
Paris (No. 1) ; and which, therefore, shall be united to the Grand 
Duchy of Luxemburg. 

Disputes having arisen with respect to the said Duchy of 
Bouillon, the competitor who shall legally establish his right, in 
the manner hereafter specified, shall possess, in full property, the 
said part of the Duchy, as it was enjoyed by the last Duke, under 
the Sovereignty of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, 
Grand Duke of Luxemburg. 

This decision shall be made by Arbitration, and be without 
appeal. For this purpose there shall be appointed a certain 
number of arbitrators, one by each of the two competitors, and 
others, to the number of three, by the Courts of Austria, Prussia, 
and Sardinia. They shall assemble at Aix-la-Chapelle, as soon 
as the state of the war and other circumstances may admit of it, 
and their determination shall be made known within six months 
from their first meeting. 

In the interim, His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, 
Grand Duke of Luxemburg, shall hold in trust the property of 
the said part of the Duchy of Bouillon, in order that he may 

and between the Netherlands and Belgium, containing the same Stipulations ; 
the King of the Netherlands receiving a Territorial Indemnity in the 
Province of Limburg for the cessions made to Belgium in the Province 
of Luxemburg, on condition of his abandoning his (;Iaim on Nassair. On the 
same day the Germanic Confederation acceded to the Territorial arrange- 
ments therein made respecting the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg". By 
Art. IV of the Treaty of Prague of 23rd August, 186G, the Germanic Cou- 
federation was acknowledged by Austria to have been dissolved, and ota the 
11th May, 1867, a Treaty was concluded between Great Britain, Austria) 
Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Prussia, and Russia, relative to thtf^. 
Neutrality, Ac, of the Ghtind Duchy of Luxemburg. 

252 



\ 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Confess Treaty.] 

restore it, together with the revenues of the provisional admi- 
nistration, to the competitor in whose favour the arbitrators 
shall decide ; and His said Majesty shall mdemnify him for the 
loss of the revenues arising from the rights of S(^vereignty, by 
means of some equitable arrangement. Sliould the restitution 
fall to Prince Charles of Rohan, this property, when in his pos- 
session, shall be regulated by the laws of the substitution which 
constitutes his title thereto. 

Cessimi to Frmsia of the German Pogsessions of the House of 

Nassau- Ora/nge. 

Art. LXX. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands re- 
nounces, in perpetuity for himself, his heirs, and successors, in 
favour of Ilis Majesty the King of Prussia, the sovereign pos- 
sessiijns which the House of Nassau-Oiunge held in Gennany, 
namely, the Principalities of Dillenburg, Dictz, Siegen, and Ilada- 
mar, with the Lordships of Beilstein, such as those ]X)ssession8 
have been definitively arranged between the two branches of 
the House of Nassau, by the Treaty concluded at the Hague on 
the 14th July, 1814.* 

Principality of Fulda, 

His Majesty also renounces the Principality of Fulda, and the 
other districts and teriitories which were secured to him by 
Article XII of the Principal Reces of the Extraordinary Depu- 
tation of the Empire of the 25th of February, 1803.t 

Family Pact of the Princes of Nassau, Succession, 

Art. LXXI. The right and order of Succession, established 
between the two branches of the House of Nassau, by the Act 
of 1783, J called Nassauischer Erhverein^ is confirmed, and trans- 
ferred from the four Principalities of Orange-Nassau to the Grand 
Duchy of Luxemburg. 

Charges and Engagements relating to the Provinces detached fr&in 

France. 

Art* LXXII. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, in 
uniting imder his Sovereignty the Countries designated in Articles 
LXVI and LXVIII, enters into all the rights, and takes upon 

* See Appendix. f See Appendix. X ^^ Appendix. 

253 



June, 1815.] obeat Britain, Austria, &o. [Ho. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

himself all the charges and all the stipulated engagements, relative 
to the Provinces and Districts detached from France by the Treaty 
of Peace concluded at Paris the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1). 

Basis of the Union of the Belgic Provinces* 

Art. LXXIII. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, 
havuig recognised and sanctioned, under date of the 21st July, 
1814, as the Basis of the Union of the Belgic Provinces with 
the United Provinces, the 8 Articles contained in the d(x;ument 
annexed to the present Treaty (No. 4), the said Articles shall 
have the same force and validity as if they were inserted, word 
for word, in the present Instrument. 

Integrity of the 19 Cantons of Stvitzerland, 

Art. LXXIV. The integrity of the Nineteen Cantons,! as they 
existed in a political body, from the signature of the Convention 
of the 29th December, 1818,{ is recognised as the basis of the 
Helvetic system. 

Switzerland. Union of Three new Ca/ntons. The Valais, Oeneva, 

and Neufchatel, 

Art. LXXV. The Valais, the territory of (}eneva,§ and the 
Principality of Neufchatel,|| are united to Switzerland, and shall 
form Three new Cantons. 



* The Union between Holland and Belgium was diseolyed by the Treaty 
between the 5 Powers and Belgium of the 15th November, 1831. The King 
of the Netherlands, howoycr, refused to consent to the arrangement, and it 
was subsequently cancelled by tht? Treaties between the 5 Powers and Belgium, 
the 5 Powers and the Netherlands, and u^wcen the Netherlands and Belgium, 
which were all signed on the 19th April, 18J^. 

t See Treaty between Austria, Great Britain, PrussiA, Busoo, and Nether- 
lands of 31st May, 1815, Art. Y III. 



X See Appendi 


X. 






Zurich. 


ITnterwald. 


Basle. 


Argovia. 


Berne. 


Olaris. 


SchaiThaufen. 


Tliiirgovia. 


Lucerne. 


Zug. 


Appenzell. 


Tessin. 


Uri. 


Friburg. 


St. Oall. 


Vaud. 


Schweitz. 


Soleure. 


Orisons. 





§ See Convention between the Swiss Cantons of 29th Decembdivj813. 
Appendix. 

II See Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, Bussia, an^ 
Switzerland, 26th May, 1857. 

254 



Ho. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienxia Conflrress Treaty.] 

La ValUe dcs Dappes. 
La Yallee des Dappes, having formed part of the Canton of 
Vaud, is restored to it.* 

Swilzerland. Union of Bishopric of Bashy and Tow7i and Territory 

ofBienine, with Oanton of Berne, 

Art. LXXVI. The Bishopric of Basle, and the city and terri- 
tory of Bienne, shall bo united to tlie Helvetic Confederation, and 
shall form part of the Canton of Beme. 

The f<)llo^ving districts, however, are excepted from this last 
arrangement : 

1. A District of about three square leagues in extent, in- 
cluding the Communes of Altschweiler, Schonbuch, Oberweiler, 
Terweiler, Ettmgen, Furstentein, Plotten, Pfeffingen, Aesch, 
Bruck, Keinach, Arlesheim ; which District shall be united to the 
Canton of Basle. 

An Enclave given to Neiifchatel, 

2. A small Enclave^ situated near the Neufchatel village of 
liigniereSjf which is at present, with respect to civil jurisdiction, 
dependant upon the Canton of Neufchatel, and with respect to 
criminal jurisdiction upon that of the Bishopric of Basle, shall 
belong m full Sovereignty to the Principality of Neufchatel. 

Switzerland. Bights of Inhabitants of Countries united with 

Canton of Berne. 

Art. LXXVII. The inliabitants of the Bishopric of Basle, and 
those of Biemie, united to the Cantons of Beme and Basle, shall 
enjoy, in every respect, without any distinction of Religion (which 
shall be maintained in its present state) the same political and 
civil rights which are enjoyed, or may be enjoyed, by the inha- 
bitants of the ancient parts of the said cantons ; they shall, there- 
fore, be equally comi)etent to become candidates for the places of 
Representatives, and for all other ap]>ointments, acx^ording to the 
constitution of the cantons. Such municipal privileges as are 
compatible with the constitution and the general regulations of 
the Cantoirot Beme, shall be preserved to the town of Bienne, 
and ti> tne villages that formed part of its jurisdiction. 

I'he sale of the national d(miains shall be confirmed, and the 
feudal rights and tithes cannot be re-established. 

^ . ' • On the 8tli December, 1862, a Treaty was concluded between Franoe 

jT" '^ and SwitziTland for an exchange of tcrritorj in the Yall^o des Dappes. 

t See also Art. XXIII, p. 226. 

255 



June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Confirress Treaty.] 

The respective Acts of the union shall be framed, conformably 
to the principles above declared, by Commissions, composed of an 
equal number of deputies from each of the directing parties con- 
cerned. Those from the Bishopric of Basle shall be chosen by 
the canton from amongst the most eminent citizens of the 
country. The said Acts shall be guaranteed by the Swiss Con- 
federation. All points upon which the parties cannot agree, 
shall be decided by a court of Arbitration, to be named by the 
Diet. 

Switzerla^id, Restoration of the Lordship of BazUtis to the Canton 

of Orisons, 

Art. LXXVIII. The cession, made by Article III of the 
Treaty of Viemia, of the 14th October, 1809,* of the Lordship of 
Razuns, inclosed in the country of the Grisons, having expired ; 
and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, being restored to all 
the rights attached to the said possession, confirms the disposition 
which he made of it, by a Declaration, dated the 20th March, 
1815, m favour of the Canton of the Grisons. 

Switzerland. Commercial a/nd Military Commtmications between 
Town of O&tieva and Canton of Vaud, Versoy Road, 

Art. LXXIX. In order to ensure the commercial and military 
communications of the Town of Geneva with the Canton of Vaud, 
and the rest of Switzerland ; and with a view to fulfil, in that 
respect. Article IV of the Treaty of Paris of the 80th May, 1814 
(No. 1), His Most Christian Majesty consents so to place the line 
of custom-houses, that the road which leads from Geneva into 
Switzerland by Versoy, shall at all times be free, and that 
neither the post nor travellers, nor the transport of merchandize, 
shall be interrupted by any examination of the oflBcers of the 
Customs, nor subjected to any duty. 

Switzerland, Passage of Troops. Versoy Road. 

It is equally understood that the passage of Swiss troops on 
this road shall not, in any manner, be obstructed. 

In the additional regulations to be made on this subject, the 
execution of the Treaties relative to the free communication 
between the town of Greneva and the jurisdiction of Peney, shall 
be assured in the manner most convenient to the inhabitants of 

• Annulled. 
256 



Ho. 27] GEEAT BEITAIN, AUSTBIA, &o. [9 June, 1815. 

[Viexma 0on«T6M Treaty.] 

Geneva. His Most Christian Majesty also consents that the 
gendarmerie and militia of Geneva, after having communicated cm 
the subject with the nearest military poet of the French g^dar- 
merie, shall pass on the high road of Meyrin, to and from the said 
jurisdiction and the town of Geneva. 

Switzerland. Cession hy the King of Sardinia to the Canton of 

Geneva, Savotj* Simplon Road, 

Abt. LXXX. His Majesty the King of Sardinia cedes that 
part of Savoy which is situated between the river Arve, the 
Khone, the limits of that part of Savoy ceded to France, and the 
mountain of Saleve, as far as Veiiy inclusive, together with that 
part which lies between the high road called that of the Simplon^ 
the Lake of Geneva, and the present territory of the canton of 
Geneva, from Venezas to the point where the river Hermauce 
crosses the said road ; and from thence, following the course of 
that river to where it enters the Lake of Geneva, to the east of 
the village oi Hermance (the whole of the road of the Simplon 
continuing to be possessed by His Majesty the King of Sardinia) 
in order that these countries shall be united (reunis) to the canton 
of Geneva ; with the reservation, however, of determining more 
precisely, by C!ommis8ioners respectively, their limits, particularly 
that part which relates to the demarcation above Veiry and on 
the moimtaui of Saleve ; IDs said Majesty i-onouncing for himself 
and his successors, in perpetuity, without exception or i-eservation, 
all rights of Sovereignty, or other - rights which may belong to 
him in the places and territories comprised within this demarca- 
tion. 

Stvitzerland. Simjplon Road, Passage of Troops, 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia also agrees, that the commu- 
nication between the canton of Geneva and the Valais, by the 
road of the Simplon, shall be established, in the same manner as it 
has been agreed to by France, between Geneva and the canton of 
Vaud, by the route of Versoy.f A free communication shall also 
be at all times granted for the Genevese troops, between the terri- 
tory of Geneva and the jurisdiction of Jussy, and such facilities 
shall be allowed as may be necessary for proceeding by the lake 
to the road of the Simplon. 

Switzerland. Exemption from Transit Dues, 
On the other hand, an exemption from all duties of transit 

• See also Art. XCI. f See Art LXXIX. 

257 s 



Jane, 1815.] asBAT Britain, Austria, &c. [No. 27 

[Vlanna Conffress Treaty.] 

shall be granted for all merchandise and goods which, coming 
from the States of His Majesty the King of Sardinia and the 
Free Port of Genoa, shall traverse the road called the Simplon in 
its whole extent, through the Valais and the State of Geneva. 
This exemption shall, however, be confined to the transit, and 
shall extend neither to the tolls established for the maintenance of 
the road, nor to duties levied on merchandise or goods intended 
to be sold or consumed in the interior. The same reservation 
shall apply to the communication granted to the Swiss between 
the Valais and the canton of Geneva ; and the different Govern- 
ments shall for this purpose take such measures as, by common 
agreement, they shall judge necessary, either for taxation or for 
preventing contraband trade in their territories, respectively.* 

SwiUerla/nd, Compensations by Cantons of Argovta, Vavd, Tessin, 
and 8t, QaU, to Cantoris of Schweitz, Unterwald, JJri^ Qlaris, 
Zug^ and Appenzell. 

Abt. TiXXXI. With a view to the establishing of reciprocal 
compensations, the Cantons of Argovia, Vaud, Tessin, and St. Gall, 
shall furnish to the andent Cantons of Schweitz, Unterwald, Uri, 
Glaris, Zug and Appenzell (Rhode Interieure) a sum of money to be 
applied to purposes of public instruction, and to the expenses of 
general administration, but principally to the former object, in the 
said cantons. 

The quota, manner of payment, and division of this pecuniary 
compensation, are fixed as f oHows : — 

The Cantons of Argovia, Yaud, and St. Gall shall furnish to 
the Cantons of Schweitz, Unterwald, Uri, Zug, Glaris, and Appenzell 
(Rhode IntSr\eure\ a fund of 500,000 Swiss livres. 

Each of the former cantons shall pay the interest of its quota, 
at the rate of 5 per cent, per annum, or have the option of dis- 
charging the principal, either m money or funded property. 

The division, either of the payment or receipt of these funds, 
shall be made according to the scale of contributions laid down for 
providing the federal expenses. 

The Canton of Tessm shall pay every year to the Canton of Uri, 
a moiety of the produce of the tolls in the Levantine Valley. 

Switzerland, Disposal of Funds placed in England by Cantons 

of Zurich and Berne, 

Art. LXXXII. To put an end to the discussions which have 

• See also Arts. LXXXV and XCI. 

258 



Ho. 27] GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, 4c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Yienna Congress Treaty.] 

ariaen, with respect to the funds placed in England by the Cantons 
of Zurich and Berne, it is determined : 

1. That the Cantons of Berne and Zurich shall preserve the 
property of the funded capital as it existed in 1803, at the period 
of the dissolution of the Helvetic Government, and shall receive 
the interest thereof, from the 1st January, 1815 ; 

2. That the accumulated interest due since the year 1798, up 
to the year 1814, inclusive, shall be applied to the payment of the 
remaining capital of the national debt, known under the denomi- 
nation of the Helvetic debt ; 

3. That the surplus of the Helvetic debt shall remain at the 
charge of the other cantons, those of Berne and Zurich being 
exonerated by the above arrangement. The quota of each of the 
cantons which remain charged with this surplus, shall be calculated 
and paid according to the proportion fixed for the contributions 
destined to defray federal expenses. The countries incorporated 
with Switzerland since 1813 shall not be assessed on account of 
the old Helvetic debt. 

If it shall happen that an overplus remains after discharging 
the above debt, that overplus shall be divided between the Cantons 
of Berne and Zurich, in the proportion of their respective capitals. 

The same regulations shall be observed with regard to those 
other debts, the documents concerning which are deposited in 
the custody of the President of the Diet. 

Switzerland, Lidemnity to Proprietors of " Lauds.*^ 
Art. LXXXni. To conciliate disputes respecting Lauds al)0- 
lished without indemnification, an indemnity shall be given to 
persons who are owners of such Lauds; and for the purpose of 
avoiding all further differences on this subject between the Cantons 
of Berne and Vaud, the latter shall pay to the Government of 
Berne the sum of 300,000 Swiss livres, which shall be shared 
between the Bernese claimants, proprietors of Lauds. The pay- 
ments shall be made at the rate of a fifth part each year, com- 
mencing from the 1st January, 1816. 

Sv^itzerland, Oanfirmation of the Declaraiion of 20th March, 

1815. 

Art. LXXXIV. The Declaration of the 20th March (No. 9), 
addressed by the Allied Powers who signed the Treaty of Paris, to 
the Diet of the Swiss Confederation, and accepted by the Diet 
through the Act of Adhesion of the 27th May (No. 20), is con- 

259 s 2 



9 June, 1815.] GSEAT BBITAIN» AUSTBIA, &o. [No. 27 

[Vienna OonffreM Treaty.] 

firaned in the whole of its tenor ; aad the principles established, 
as also the arrangements agreed upon^ in the said Declaration^ 
shall be inyariably maintained. 

Frontiers of tlis States of the King of Sardinia,^ 

Art. LXXXV. The frontiers of the States of His Majesty 
the King of Sardinia shall be : — 

On the side of France, such as they were on the 1st of January, 
1792, with the exception of the changes effected by the Treaty 
of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1) ; 

On the side of the Helvetic Confederation, such as they ex- 
isted on the 1st of January, 1792, with the exception of the 
change produced by the cession in favour of the Canton of Geneva, 
as specified by Article LXXX of the present Act ; 

On the side of the States of His Majesty the Emperor of 
Austria, such as they existed on the 1st of January, 1792 ; and 
the Convention concluded between their Majesties the Empress 
Maria Theresa and the King of Sardinia, on the 4th October^ 
1751,t s^^ ^ reciprocally confirmed in all its stipulations ; 

On the side of the States of Parma and Placentia, the frontier as 
far as it concerns the ancient States of the King of Sardinia, shall 
continue to be the same as they were on the 1st of January, 1792. 

The borders of the former States of Genoa, and of the countries 
called Imperial Fiefs, united to the States of His Majesty the 
King of Sardinia, according to the following Articles, shall be the 
same as those which, on the 1st of January, 1792, separated 
those countries from the States of Parma and Placentia, and from 
those of Tuscany and Massa. 

Islcmd of Oapraja, 
The island of Capraja, having belonged to the ancient republic 
of Genoa, is included in the cession of the States of Genoa, to 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia. 

Union of the States of Genoa with the States of the King of 

Sa/rdlnia, 

Akt. LXXXVI. The States which constituted the former re- 
public of Genoa, are united in perpetuity to those of His Majesty 
the King of Sardinia, to be, like the latter, possessed by him in full 
Sovereignty and hereditary property; and to descend, in the male 

* See Treaty between Austria and Sardinia of 6th August, 1849. 
t See Appendix. 

260 



Ho. 27] GREAT BEITAIN, AU8TBIA, &o. [9 Jane, 1815. 

[Viexma Oonfirress Treaty.] 

line, in the order of primogeniture, to the two branches of his house, 
viz. : the royal branch, and the branch of Savoy-Carignan. 

TUle of King of Sardmia; Duke of Ghnoa, 
Art. LXXXVII. The Khig of Sardinia shall add to his pre- 
sent titles, that of Duke of Genoa.* 

8a/rdinia, Rights of Privileges of the Genoese, 
Art. LXXXVIII. The Genoese shall enjoy all the rights and 
privileges, specified in this Act, intituled "Conditions which are 
to serve as the basis of the Union of the Genoese States to those 
of His Sardinian Majesty " (No. 19), and the said Act, such as it 
is annexed to this General Treaty, and shall be considered as 
an integral part thereof, and shall have the same force and 
validity as if it were textually inserted in the present Article. 

Sardinia, Union of the ** Imperial Fiefs " of late Idguria/n 

Bepublic, 
Art. LXXXIX. The countiies called Imperial Fiefs, formerly 
united to the ancient Ligurian Republic, are definitely united to 
the States of His Majesty the King of Sardinia, in the same 
manner aa the rest of the Genoese States ; and the inhabitants of 
these countries shall enjoy the same rights and privileges as those 
of the States of Genoa, specified in the preceding Article. 

Sardinia. Bight of Fortifying, 
Art. XC. The right that the Powers who signed the Treaty of 
Paris of the 80th May, 18 14 (No. 1), reserved to themselves by 
Article III of that Treaty, of fortifying such points of their States 
as they might judge proper for their safety, is equally reserved, 
without restriction, to His Majesty the King of Sardinia. 

8(M)oy.^ Cession by the Kiiig of 8a/rdinia to the Canton of Geneva, 
Airr. XCI. His Majesty the King of Sardinia cedes to the 

• See Art. XIV. Conditionfl, Ac. 

t By tbe Treaty between France and Sardinia of 24th March, 1860, SaToy 
and Nice were united to France ; but by Art. II of that Treaty it wae dedared 
to be understood that the King of Sardinia could only tranafer the neutralised 
parts of Savoy on the conditions upon which he himself possessed them, 
and that it belonged to the Emperor of the French to come to an understand- 
ing both with the Powers represented at the Congress of Vienna, and with 
the Swiss CJonfederation, respecting the necessary guarantees to be given in 
consequence of the stipulations of that Treaty. See also notes of 14rth 
March, 1859, and 18th and 29th July, 1870. 

261 



Jane, 1815.] gbeat bbitain, austbia, &o. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

Canton of Geneva the districts of Savoy, designated in Article 
LXXX above recited, according to the conditions specified in the 
Act, intituled " Cession made by His Majesty the King of Sar- 
dinia to the Canton of Geneva " (No. 19). This Act shall be con- 
sidered as an integral part of this General Treaty, to which it is 
annexed, and shall have the same force and validity as if it were 
textually inserted in the present Article. 

Switzerland and Sardinia, Neutrality of Chahlais^ Fa/acigny^ 

and part of Savoy. 

Art. XCII. The Provinces of Chablais and Faudgny, and the 
whole of the territory of Savoy to the north of Ugine, belonging 
to His Majesty the King of Sardinia, shall form a part of the 
Neutrality of Switzerland, as it is recognised and guaranteed by 
the Powers.* 

Passage of Troops. 

Whenever, therefoi'e, the neighbouring Powers to Switzerland 
are in a state of open or impending hostility, the troops of His 
Majesty the King of Sardinia which may be in those provinces, 
shall retire, and may for that purpose pass through the Valais, 
if necessary. No other armed troops of any other Power shall 
have the privilege of passing through or remaining in the said 
territories and provinces, excepting those which the Swiss Con- 
federation shall think proper to place there ; it being well under- 
stood that this state of things shall not in any manner interrupt 
the adiQinistration of these countries, in which the civil agents of 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia may likewise employ the 
municipal guard, for the preservation of good order. 

J)escription of the Territories^ Sfc, of which the Emperor of Austria 

takes possession on the side of Italy. Istria, Dalmatia, Mouths 

of the CattarOy Venice^ Tyrol, Vorarlberg, Sfc. 

Art. XCni. In pursuance of the Renunciations agreed upon by 

the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No.l), the Powers 

who sign the present Treaty, recognise His Majesty the Emperor of 

Austria, his heirs and successors, as legitimate Sovereign of the 

Provinces and Territories which had been ceded, either wholly or 

in part, by the Treaties of Campo-Formio of 1797,t of Luneville of 

1801,Jof Presburgof 1805,§ bythe additional Convention of For?.. 

* See Protocol of 4 Powers, drd November, 1815. 
t 17th October, 17&7. See Appendix. 
X 9th February, 1801. See Appendix. 
§ 26th December, 1805. Annulled. 

262 



MAP to illustrate portions of Arts. XCIJI. and XCIV. 
of the Vienna Congress Treaty of gth fune, 181$ : 
Austrian Possessions ijt Dalmatia, t/ie Mouths of the 
Cattaro, and the former Republic of Ragusa, &€„ 
and skewing position of Turkish Districts of Kleck 
and Sutorina. 




The Austrian Possessions are coloured Pink. 



( 



MAP OF 

DALMATIA, MOUTHS OF THE CATTARO, 

FORMER REPUBLIC OF RAGUSA, &c., 

(TURKISH DISTRICTS OF KLECK & SUTORINA) 

1815. 



No. 27] GKBAT BRITAIN AUSTRIA, kc. [9 June, 1815. 

fVtoima Congreos Treaty.] 

Uinebleau of 1807,* and by the Treaty of Vienna of 1809 ; f the 
poflsession of which provinces and territories His Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty obtained in consequence of the last war; such us, 
Istria, Austrian as well as heretofore Venetian, Dalmatia, the ancient 
Venetian Isles of the Adriatic, the Mouths of the Cattaro, the City 
of Venice,^ with its waters, as well as all the other provinces and 
districts of the formerly Venetian States of the Terra Firma upon 
the left bank of the Adige, the Duchies of Milan and Mantua, 
the Principalities of Brixen and Trente, the County of Tyrol,§ the 
Vorarlberg,§ the Austrian Frioul, the ancient Venetian Frioul, the 
territory of Montefalcone, the Government and Town of Trieste, 
Gamiola, Upper Carinthia, Croatia on the right of the Save, 
Flume and the Ilungarian Littorale, and the District of Castua. 

TerrUories united to the Austrian Monarchy. The Valteliiie^ 

Bormio, Ghiavennay Bagusa^ Sfc, 

Abt. XCIV. His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty shall 
unite to his monarchy, to be possessed by him and his successors 
in full property and Sovereignty : — 

1. Besides the portions of the Terra Firma in the Venetian 
States mentioned in the preceding Article, the other parts of 
those States, as well as all other territories situated between the 
Te6sino,§ the Fo, and the Adriatic Sea. 

2. The Vallies of the Valteline, of Bormio, and of Chiavenna. 

3. The territories which formerly composed the Republic of 

Ragusa. 

Austrian Frontiers in Italy. ^ 

Abt. XCV. In consequence of the stipulations agreed upon 
in the preceding Articles, the frontiers of the States of His 
Imperial and Apostolic Majesty, in Italy, shall be : — 

1. On the side of the States of His Majesty the King of 
Sardinia, such as they were on the 1st of January, 1792 ; 

2. On the side of the States of Parma,f Placcntia, and Qua- 
stalla, the course of the Po, the line of demarcation following thu 
Thalweg of the River ; 

* lOth October, 1807. See Appendix. 

t 14th October, 1809. Anmilled. 

X See Treaty between Austria and Sardinia of 20th May, I8I5. 

§ See Art. II of Conyisntion 8rd June, 1814. 

II See Treaties of 10th Korember, 1859, and 3rd October, 1866. 

if A Protocol was signed between Austria and Parma on the 25th April, 
1820g defining this Boundary, which Protocol was converted into a Conirention 
on the 25th ICaj, 1821. 

263 



Jime, 1815.] ChREAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, ho. [No. 27 

fVleima Ckmffress TrMity.] 

8. On the side of the States of Modena, sadi as they were on 
Ist of January, 1792 ; 

4. On the side of the Papal States, the course of the Po, as 
far as the mouth of the Ooro ; 

5. On the side of Switzerland, the ancient frontier of Lombardy, 
and that which separates the Yallles of the Valteline, of Bonnio, 
and Ohiavenna, from the Cantons of the Orisons and the Teesino. 

Islcmds in the Po, 
In those places where the Thalweg of the Po forms the 
frontier, it is agreed, that the changes which the course of the 
river may undergo shall not, in future, in any way affect the 
property of the Islands therein contained. 

Navigation of the Po. 

Art. XCVI. The general principles, adopted by the Congress 
at Vienna, for the Navigation of Rivers (No. 11), shall be ap- 
plicable to that of the Po. 

Commissioners shall be named by the States bordering onriverB, 
within three months at latest after the termination of the CcmgresB, 
to regulate all that concerns the execution of the present Article.* 

Arrangements respecting the " Mont-Napoleon " at Milan, 
Art. XC VII. As it is indispensable to preserve, to the establish- 
ment known by the name of the Mont-Napoleon at Milan, the 
means of fulfilling its engagements towards its creditors ; it is 
agreed, that the landed and other immovable property of this 
establishment, in countries which formed part of the andent 
Kingdom of Italy, and have since passed under the government 
of different Princes of Italy, as well as the capital belonging to 
the said establishment placed out at interest in these different 
countries, shall be appropriated to the ss^me object. 

The unfunded and unliquidated debts of the Mont-Napoleon, 
such as those arising from the arrears of its charges, or from any 
other increase of the outgoings of this establishment, shall be 
divided between the territories which composed the late Kingdom 
of Italy ; and this division shall be regulated according to the 
joint bases of their population and revenue. 

The Sovei-eigns of the said countries shall appoint Commis- 
sioners, within the space of three months, dating from the termi- 
nation of the Congress, to arrange with Austrian Conunissioners 
whatever relates to this object. This Commission shall assemble 
at Milan. 

• Seo Treaty between Austria, Modena, and Parma, of 3rd July, 1849. 

264 



No. 27] aREAT BBirAOr, AT7STBIA, 4o. [9 June, 1815. 

[Yienna OonffveiM Treftty.] 

Dttehies cf Modena, BeggtOy and Mirandola; Duchy of Massa; 
PrineipaMly of Carrara, and Imperial Fiefs in La Lunigiana. 

Art. X.CVIII. His Royal Highness the Archduke Francis 
d'Este, his heirs and saccessors, shall possess, in full Sovereignty, 
the Duchies of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola, such as they 
existed at the signature of the Treaty at Campo Formio (1797). 

The Archduchess Maria Beatrice d'Este, her heirs and suc- 
cessors, shall possess, in full Sovereignty and property, the Duchy 
of Massa and the Principality of Carrara, as well as the Impelial 
'Fiefs in La Lunigiana. 

The latter may be applied to the purpose of exchanges, or 
other arrangements made by common consent, and according to 
mutual convenience, with His Imperial Highness the Grand 
Duke of Tuscany * 

The rights of Succession lind Reversion, established in the 
branches of the Archducal Houses of Austria, relative to the 
Duchies of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola, and the Principalities 
of Massa and Carrara, are preserved. 

Duchies of Parma,f PlacentiOy and ChuistaUa, 

Art. XCIX. Her Majesty the Empress Maria Louisa shall pos- 
sess, in full property and Sovereignty^ the Duchies of Parma, 
Placentia, and Guastalla, with the exception of the districts lying 
within the States of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty 
on the left bank of the Po. 

The Reversion of these countries shall be regulated by com- 
mon consent, with the Courts of Austria, Russia, France, Spain, 
England and Prussia; due regard being bad to the rights of 
Reversion of the House of Austria, and of EQs Majesty the King 
of Sardinia, to the srAd countries.^ 

Possessions of the Grand Duke of Tuscany.^ The Presidii, jElha, 

PiombinOy Imperial Fiefs, S[c, 
Abt. C. His Imperial Highness the Archduke Ferdinand of 

* Bee Treaty between Austria, Sardinia, Lacca, Modena, and Tucany, of 
28th November, 1844, by which certain exchanges of territory were made. 

t Parma was united to the Kingdom of Sardinia by Decree dated 18th 
March, 1860. The reigning Duchess protested against this contemplated 
annexation on the 20th June, 1859. 

X See Treaty of 10th June, 1817. 

§ Tusoany was united to the Kingdom of Sardinia by Decree dated 22nd 
March, 1860. The Gband Duke protested against this aanexatkm on the 
26th March, I860. 

2^65 



9 Jane, 1815.] GBEAT BBITAIK, AUSTBIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congreos Treaty.] 

Austria is re-established, himself, his heirs and successors, in all 
the rights of Sovereignty and property, in the Grand Duchy of 
Tuscany and its dependencies, which he possessed previous to 
the Treaty of LuneviUe (1801). 

The stipulations of the second Article of the Treaty of Vienna, 
of the 8rd October, 1735, between the Emperor Charles VI and 
the King of France, to which the other Powers acceded, are fully 
renewed in favour of His Imperial Highness and his descendants, 
as well as the guarantees resulting from those stipulations.* 

There shall be likewise united to the said Grand Duchy, to 
be possessed in full property and Sovereignty by the Grand Duke 
Ferdinand, his heirs, and descendants ; — 

1. The State of the Presidii. 

2. That part of the Island of Elba, and its appurtenances, 
which were under the Suzerainete of His Majesty the King of the 
Two Sicilies before the year 1801. 

3. The Suzerainete and Sovereignty of the Principality of 
Piombino and its dependencies. 

Prince Ludovisi Buonoompagni shall retain, for himself and 
his legitimate successors, all the property which his family 
possessed in the Principality of Piombino, and in the Island of 
Elba and its dependencies, previously to the occupation of those 
countries by the French troops in 1799, together with the mines, 
foundries, and salt mines. 

The Prince Ludovisi shall likewise preserve his right of Fishery, 
and enjoy an entire exemption from duties, as well for the exporta- 
tion of the produce of his Mines, foundries, salt mines, and do- 
mains, as for the importation of Wood and other articles neces- 
sary for working the mines : he shall also be indemnified by His 
Imperial Highness the Grand Duke of Tuscany, for all the reve- 
nues the family of the latter derived from the crown duties before 
the year 1801. In case any difficulties should arise in the valua- 
tion of this indemnity, the parties concerned shall refer the 
decision to the Courts of Vienna and Sardinia. 

4. The late Imperial Fiefs of Vemio, Montanto, and Monte 
Santa Maria, lying within the Tuscan States. 

Dtichy of Lucca.^ 
Art. CI. The Principality of Lucca shall be possessed in full 

* See Treaty between the 5 Powen and Spain of 10th June, 1817. 
t liuoca wat oeded to Tuacany by the Treaty of 4rth October, 1847 ; and 
Tuscany was annexed to Sardinia by Decree of 22nd March, 1860. 

266 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna OonflrreBS Treaty.] 

Sovereignty by Her Majesty the Infanta Maria Louisa, and her 
descendants, in the direct male line. 

The Principality is erected into a Duchy, and shall have a 
form of government founded upon the principles of that which it 
received in 1805. 

An Annuity of 600,000 francs shall be added to the revenue of 
the Principality of Lucca, which His Majesty the Emperor of 
Austria, and His Imperial Highness the Grand Duke of Tuscany, 
engage to pay regularly, as long as circumstances do not admit of 
procuring another establishment for Her Majesty the Infanta 
Maria Louisa, her son, and his descendants. This annuity shall 
be specially mortgaged upon the Lordships in Bohemia, known 
by the name of Bavaro Palatines ; which, in case of the Duchy of 
Lucca reverting to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, shall be freed 
from this charge, and shall again form a part of the private 
domain of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty.* 

Reversion of the Duchy of Lucca. FivizanOy S[o. 

Art. CII. The Duchy of Lucca shall revert to the Grand 
Duke of Tuscany ; either m case of its becoming vacant by the 
death of Her Majesty the Infanta Maria Louisa, or of her son 
Don Carlos, and of their direct male descendants ; or in case the 
Infanta Maria Louisa or her direct heirs should obtain any other 
establishment, or succeed to another branch of their dynasty. 

The Grand Duke of Tuscany, however, engages, should the 
said Reversion fall to him, to cede to the Duke of Modena, as soon 
as he shall have entered uito possession of the Principality of 
Lucca, the following territories :^- 

1. The Tuscan districts of Fivizano, Pietra Santa, and Barga. 

2. The Lucca districts of Castiglione and Gallicano, lying 
within the States of Modena, as well as those of Minucciano 
and Monte-Ignose, contiguous to the country of Massa.* 

Bestoratlon of the Marches, Benevento, and Ponte-Gorvo^ 

to the Holy. See. ^ 
Art. CIII. The Marches, with Camerino, and their depen- 
dencies, as well as the Duchy of Benevento and the Principality of 
Ponte-Corvo, are restored to the Holy See. 

* See Alt. CII, and Treaty between the 5 Foiren and Spain of lOth 
Juno, 1817. 

t "The ProviDoee of the MarobeB were annexed to the Kingdom of Sar- 
dinia bj Def^ree of 17th December, 1860. 

267 



9 June, 1815.] aSEAT BBITAIK, AUSTRIA, &o. [No. 27 

[Vienna Oongress Treaty.] 

Bestoration of the Legations of Ba^etinOy Bologna, cmd Femxra, 

to the JSoly See. 
The Holy See shall resume possession of the Legations of 
Ravenna, Bologna, and Ferrara, with the exception of that part 
of Ferrara which is situate on the left bank of the Po. 

Avsiriam Bight to Oarrison Ferrara and Convmachio. 
His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty and his successors 
shall have the right of placing Garrisons at Ferrara and Com- 
machio. 

Bights of Inhahitanti reiwmvng under Oovemment of Holy See, 
The inhabitants of the countries who return under the 
Gfovemment of the Holy See, in consequence of the stipula- 
tiouB of Congress, shall enjoy the benefit of Article XYI of the 
Treaty of Fans of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1). 

Acquisitions of Individuals, Public Debt. Pensions. 
All acquisitions made by individuals, in virtue of a title 
acknowledged as legal by the existing laws, are to be considered 
as good, and the arrangements necessary for the guarantee of 
the public debt and the payment of pensions, shall be settled by a 
particular Convention between the Courts of Rome and Vienna. 

Bestoration of King Ferdinand IV to Najples as King of the Two 

Sicilies. 
Art. civ. His Majesty King Ferdinand IV, his heirs, and 
successors, is restored to the throne of Naples, and His Majesty 
is acknowledged by the Powers as King of the Two Sicilies. 

Affairs of Portugal. Bestitutian of the Town of OlivenQa. 

Art. CV. The Powers, recognising the justice of the claims 
of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal and the 
Brasils, upon the Town of 01iven9a, and the other territories 
ceded to Spain by the Treaty of Badajos of 1801,* and viewing 
the restitution of the same as a measure necessary to insure that 
perfect and constant harmony between the Two Kingdoms of the 
Peninsula, the preservation of which in all parts of Europe, has 
been the constant object of their arrangements, formaUy engage 
to use their utmost endeavours, by amicable means, to procure 
the retrocession of the said territories in favour of Portugal. 
And the Powers declare, as far as depends upon them, that this 
arrangement shall take place as soon as possible.f 

* Treaty between France and Portugal of 6th June, 1801. Annulled, 
t This restitution nerer took plaoe ; and the town is still held bj Spain. 

268 



No. 27] GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1816. 

[Vienna Conffresa Treaty.] 

Belaiions between France aiid Portugal, French Ouiana. 
Abt. CVI. In order to remove the difficulties which opposed 
the Ratification on the part of Ilis Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent of the Kingdoms of Portugal and the Brazils, of the 
Treaty signed on the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), between Portugal 
and France ; it is determined that the stipulations contained in 
Article X of that Treaty, and all those which relate to it, shall 
be of no effect, and that with the consent of all the Powers the 
provisions contained in the following Article shall be substituted 
for them, and which shall alone be considered as valid : with this 
exception, all the other clauses of the above Treaty of Paris shall 
be maintained, and regarded as mutually binding on the Two 
Courts.* 

France and Portugal. BestUutum of French Ouiana. 

Art. CVII. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of the 
Kingdoms of Portugal and the Brazils, wishing to g^ve an 
unequivocal proof of his high consideration for His Most Chris- 
tian Majesty, engages to restore French Ouiana to His said 
Majesty, as far as the river Oyapock, the mouth of which is 
situated between the fourth and fifth degree of north Isttitude, 
and which has always been considered by Portugal as the Limit 
appointed by the Treaty of Utrecht.f 

The period for giving up this Colony shall be determined, as 
soon as circumstances shall permit, by a Particular Convention 
between the two Court* ;J and they shall enter into an amicable 
arrangement, as soon as possible, with i*egard to the definitive 
demarcation of the limits of Portuguese and French Guiana, con- 
formably to the precise meaning of Article VIII of the Treaty of 
Utrecht. 

Navigation of Rivers traversing different Stales.^ 

Art. CVIII. The Powers whose States are separated or crossed 
by the same navigable River engage to regulate, by common con- 

* See Art. OXXI, respecting Ratification?. 

t 11th April, 1713. Sec Appendix. 

t Treaty 28th August, 1817. 

§ Arts. OVlll to CXYI are the same as the Regulations of March, 1815. 
These Articles were referred to in the Preamble to the Treaty between 
Prussia, Hanorer, &o., of 10th September, 1828, relatrre to the narigation of 
the Weser ; in the Treaty between Austria, Ac., and Hanover, of 13th 
April, 1844, and in the Treaty between Q-rcat Britain and Hanover, of 22nd 
July, 1844, relative to the Brunshausen or Stade Toll. They were also 
applied to the Danube by Art. XT of the General Tmaty of 30th llarch, 1866. 

269 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Vienna Oon^ress Treaty.] 

sent, all that regards its navigatioa. For this purpose they will 
name Commissioners, who shall assemble, at latest, within 6 
months after the termination of the Cong^ss, and who shall 
adopt, as the bases of their proceedings, the Principles established 
by the following Articles. 

Rivers : Freedom of Navigation, 
Art. CIX. The navigation of the Rivers, along their whole 
course, referred to in the preceding Article, from the point where 
each of them becomes navigable, to its mouth, shall be entirely 
free, and shall not, in respect to Commerce, be prohibited to any 
one ; it being understood that the Regulations established with 
regard to the Police of this navigation shall be respected, as they 
will be framed alike for all, and as favourable as possible to the 
Commerce of all nations. 

Rivers : Uniformity of System for GoUection of Dues. 
Art. ex. The system that shall be established both for the 
collection of the Duties and for the maintenance of the Police, 
shall be, as nearly as possible, the same along the whole course 
of the River ; and shall also extend, imless particular circum- 
stances prevent it, to those of its Branches and Junctions, which, 
in their navigable course, separate or traverse different States. 

Rivers : Regulation of Tariff, 

Art. CXI. The Duties on navigation shall be regulated in an 
uniform and settled manner, and with as little reference as pos- 
sible to the different quality of the merchandize, in order that a 
minute examination of the cargo may be rendered unnecessary, 
except with a view to prevent fraud and evasion. The amount 
of the Duties, which shall in no case exceed those now paid, shall 
be determined by local circumstances, which scarcely allow of a 
general rule in this respect. The Tariff shall, however, be pre- 
pared in such a manner as to encourage commerce by facilitating 
navigation ; for which purpose the Duties established upon the 
Rhine, and now in force on that River, may serve as an approxi- 
mating rule for its construction. 

The Tariff once settled, no increase shall take place therein, 
except by the common consent of the States bordering on the 
Rivers; nor shall the navigation be burdened with any other 
Duties than those fixed in the Regulation (No. 11). 

Rivers : Offices for Collection of Dues. 

Abt. CXII. The 0£Bces for the collection of Duties, the niunber 

270 



No. 27] GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna CongreM Treaty.] 

of which shall be reduced as much as possible, shall be determined 
upon in the above Regulation, and no change shall afterwards be 
made, but by common consent^ unless any of the States bordering 
on the Rivers should wish to diminish the number of those which 
exclusively belong to the same. 

Rivers : Towing Paths. 

Art. CXIII. Each State bordering on the Rivers is to be at the 
expense of keeping in good repair the Towing Paths which pass 
through its teiritory, and of maintaining the necessary works 
through the same extent in the channels of the river, m order 
that no obstacle may be experienced to the navigation. 

Rivers : Duties of Riverain States, 

The intended Regulation shall determine the manner in which 

the States bordering on the Rivers are to participate in these 

latter works, where the opposite banks belong to different 

Governments. 

Rivers : Port and Harbour Duties. 

Art. CXIV. There shall nowhere be established Store-house, 
Port, or Forced Harbour Duties (Droits d^etape^ d'echelle et de 
reldcheforcee). Those already existing shall be preserved for such 
time only, as the States bordering on Rivers (without regard to the 
local interest of the place or the country where they are esta- 
blished) shall find them necessary or useful to navigation and 
commerce in general. 

Rivers: Custom- Haiises, 

Art. CXV. The Custom-Houses belonging to the States border- 
ing on Rivers shall not interfere in the duties of navigation. Regu- 
lations shall be established to prevent officers of the Customs, in 
the exercise of their functions, throwing obstacles in the way of 
the navigation; but care shall be taken, by means of a strict 
Police on the bank, to preclude every attempt of the inhabitants 
to smuggle goods, through the medium of boatmen. 

Riverb : Regulations to he settled by a Oensral Arrangement, 
Art. CXVI. Everything expressed in the preceding Articles 

shall be settled by a general arrangement, in which there shall 

also be comprised whatever may need an ulterior determination 

(No. U). 

The arrangement once settled, shall not be changed, but by 

and with the consent of all the States bordering on Rivers, and 

271 



9 Jnne, 1815.] GEEAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, &0. [Ho. 27 

[Vieima Ocmgrwu Treaty.] 

they shall take care to provide for its execution with due regard 
to circumstances and locality. 

Rivers : Confirmation of the Particular Regulations relative to the 
Namgation of the Rhine^ Neckar, Moselle, Meuse, and Scheldt. 

Akt. CXVII. The Particular Regulations relative to the navi- 
gation of the Rhine, the Neckar, the Maine, the Moselle, the 
Mouse, and the Scheldt^* such as they are annexed to the present 
Act (No. 11), shall have the same force and validity as if they 
were textually inserted herein. 

Canfirmation of Treaties cund FarticuUvr Acts amaiexed to the General 

Treaty. 

Art. CXVIII.f The Treaties, Conventions, Declarations, Regu- 
lations, and other particular Acts which are annexed to the 
present Act, viz. ; — 

1. The Treaty between Russia and Austria, relative to Poland, 

of the ^^, 1815, No. 12 ; 

2. The Treaty between Russia and Pnissia, relative to Poland, 
of the *J^, 1815, No. 13 ; 

8. The Additional Treaty, relative to Cracow, between Austria, 
Prussia, and Russia, of the ^^^, 1815, No. 14 ; 

4. The Ti:paty between Prussia (Austria and Russia) and 
Saxony of the 18th May, 1815, No. 16 ; 

5. The Declaration of the King of Saxony respecting the rights 
of the House of Schoenburg, of the 18th May, 1815, No. 17 ; 

6. The Treaty between Prussia and Hanover, of the 29th May, 
1815, No. 21 ; 

7. The Convention between Prussia and the Orand Duke of 
Saxe-Weimar, of the Ist June, 1815, No 24 ; 

8. The Convention between Pnissia and the Duke and Prince 
of Nassau, of the Slst May, 1815, No. 23 ; 

9. The Act concerning the Federative Constitution of Germany, 
of the 8th June, 1815, No. 26 ; 

10. The Treaty between the Bling of the Netherlands, and 
Prussia, England, Austria, and Russia, of the Slst May, 1815, 
No. 22 ; 

11. The Declaration of the (8) Powers on the Affairs of the 

* The Scheldt Toll was redeemed by the Treaties between Great Britain 
and Belgium of 16th July and Srd August, 1868. 

t See Treaties between Prussia and Sohwartsbuig-Sondershausen of 15th 
June, 1815, and between Pnissia and Schwartiburg-Budolstadtof 19th June 
1816. 

272 



No. 27.3 aREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1816. 

[Vienna OonffreM Treaty.] 

Helvetic Confederation of the 20th March, No. 9 ; and the Act of 
Accession of the Diet of the 27th May, 1815, No. 20 ; 

12. The Protocol of the 29th March, 1815, on the Cessions 
made by the King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva, No. 10 ; 

13. The Treaty between the Khig of Sardinia, Austria, England, 
Russia, Prussia, and France, of the 20th May, 1815, No. 19 ; 

14. The Act entitled " Conditions which are to serve as the 
Basis of the Union of the States of Genoa with those of Ilis Sar- 
dinian Majesty ; " No. 19. 

15. The Declaration of the 8 Powers on the Abolition of the 
Slave Trade, of the 8th February, 1815, No. 7 ; 

16. The Regulations respecting the Free Navigation of Rivers, 
No.U; 

17. The Regulation concerning the Precedence of Diplomatic 
Agents, No. 8 ; 

Shall be considered as integral parts of the Arrangements of the 
Congress, and shall have, throughout^ the same force and validity 
as if they were inserted, word for word, in the General Treaty. 

Invitation to Accede to the General Treaty addressed to the Potoers 

assembled in Oongress. 

^ Art. CXIX. All the Powers assembled in Congress, as well as 
the Princes and Free Towns, who have cor^'^urred in the arrange- 
ments speci ^^d^ndi " the Act3 G9Ii§Rli:Q^r>^iiia General Treaty, 

jjUPflmted to accede to it. 

Hcscrvatlons as to the tise of the French Langtuige in the drawing 

up of this Act. 
Art. CXX. The French Language having been exclusively 
employed m all the copies of the present Treaty, it is declared, by 
the Powers who have concurred in this Act, that the use made of 
that Language shall not be construed into a Precedent for the 
future ; every Power, therefore, reserves to itself the adoption in 
future Negociations and Conventions, of the Language it has hereto- 
fore employed in its diplomatic relations ; and this Treaty shall 
not be cited as a Precedent contrary to the established practice. 

Bntijicaiion of the Ti'e<itg and D^osition of the Original in the 
Archives of the Court and State of Vienna, 
Art. CXXI. The present Ti-eaty shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications exchanged in six months, and by the Court of Por- 
tugal in a year, or sooner, if possible. 

278 T 



9 June, 18160 GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna OonffreM Treaty.] 

A copy of this General Treaty shall be deposited in the 
Archives of the Court and State of His Imperial and Royal Apos- 
tolic Majesty, at Vienna, in case any of the Courts of Europe 
shall think proper to consult the original text of this Instrument. 

In faith of which tlie i*espective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
this Act; and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 9th of June, in the year of Our Lord, 1815. 

(The Signatures follow in the Alphabetical Order of the Courts.) 

AUSTBIA, 

(LS.) LE PRINCE DB METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE WESSENBERG. 

(Espagne)* Spain. 

Fra^nce, 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

(L.S.) LE DUKE D'ALBERG. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE ALEXIS DE NOAILLES. 

Gbeat Bbitain, 

(L.S.) CLANCARTY. 
(L.S.) CATHCART. 
(L.S.) STEWART, L. G. 

Portugal, 

a.S.) LE COMTE DE PALMELLA. 

(L.S.) ANTONIO D& SALDANHA DA GAMA, 

(L,S.) D. JOAQUIM LOBO DA SILVEIRA. 

Pbubsia, 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

Russia, 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE RASOUMOPPSKY. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STACKELBERG. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE NESSELIWDE. 

Sweden, 
(L.S.) LE COMTE CHARLES-AXEL DE LOWENHIELM. 

(Save and except the reservation made to the Articles 
CI, ClI, and CIV of the Treaty.t) 



^ Spain did not sign tliiB Treaty, but eho acceded to it hj an Act dated 

7i\\ June, 1817. Sec also Treaty between the 6 Powers and Spain of 10th June, 

1817. 

t See Protocol, 18th June, 1815. 

274 



MAP. 

EUROFE 

in 

1815 



>:LrROFE.ACCORDmr, to the 




JSGRESS THEAIY. 'J™ JIISE. IBIS. 




MAP 
EUROPE 

in 

1815 



vn 



No. S7] GBEAT BBITAIN, AUSTBIA, &o. [9 Jone, 1815. 

[Vienna OongrMS Treaty.] 



ANNEXES TO THE VIENNA CONGRESS TREATY OF 

9th JUNE, 1815. 
Act. Ha 

I. Treaty. . Butsia and AMiria, relating to • 

^'^•^ T^. "«• 12 

n. Treaty. Russia and Prustia, relating to 

Poland ^^, 1,^ 

3 A£ay ' ( 13 

— (Annex) Schedule ^ 

in. Additional Treaty. Austria, Prussia, and 

J2i(Mta, relating to Crocoto ^^ , — - 14 

— (Annex) Conatitution of Free Town of Cracow — 15 

lY. Treaty (Territorial). Prussia {Austria and 

Sussia) and Saxony 18 May, *— 16 

y. Declaration of King of Saxony, on Bights of 

Hoiue of Sch6nburg ^ 18 May, — 17 

— Act of Acceptance of ditto by 5 Courts 29 May, 17 

VI. Treaty (Territorial). Prussia liXL^ Hanover , » 29 May, 21 

yil. X!k>nTention (Territorial). Prussia and the 

Grand Duke of SaxS'Weimar 1 June, — 24 

Vm. Convention (Territorial). Prussia and the 

Duke and Trince of Nassau 81 May, —^ 23 

IX. Act, concerning the Federative Constitution of 

Oermany 8 June, — — 26 

X. Treaty. Netherlands and Austria {Prussia, 
Englandy and Russia) relating to the King- 
dom of the Netherlands 81 May, 22 

— (Annex) Act for the Acceptance of the Sove- 

reignty of the Provinces of Belyium by the 

Sovereign Prince. The Hague, 21 July, 1814 4 

XIa. Declaration of the 8 Powers on the afbirs of 

the Helvetic Confederation 20 March, .— Q 

XIb. Act of Accession of the Swiss Diet to the said 

Declaration 27 May, 20 

XII. Protocol of Conference (8 Powers) on the 

Cessions made by Sardinia to the Canton of 

Geneva 29 March, '—^ 10 

XIII. Treaty (Territorial). Sardinia and Austria 

{England, France, Prussia, and Russia) .... 20 May, 19 

— (Annex) Cession made by Sardinia to the 

Canton of G^tfi»era — .- 19 

Xiy. Act entitled " Conditions which are to serve as 
tlic Basis for the Union of the States of Genoa 

to those of his Sardinian Majesty" — «• 19 

Xy. Declaration of the 8 Powers on the Abolition 

of the Slave Trade, , , , 8 Febmary, — — • 7 

275 X 2 



9 June, 1816.] GBBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [No. 27. 

[Vienna Oonffress Treaty.] 

Act. Ho. 

XVI. Bogulations for the Free Navigation of 

— ArtideB concemiDg the Navigation of Rivers 

which, in their course of Navigation, sepa- 
rate or traverse different States Marcli, I8I5. 11 

— Articles concerning the Navigation of the 

mine Mardi, 11 

— Articles concerning the Navigation of the 

Neckar, the Main, the Moselle, the Meuse, 

and the Scheldt March, 11 

XVII. Regulation on the Sank and Precedence of 

Diplomaiic Agents 19 March, 8 



ACTS, OF RATIFICATION of tlie General Treaty of 
Congress of Menna, qfdth June, 1815.* 

Memorandum. — The Acts of Ratification of the present Treaty of the 
Congress of Vienna and its Annexes^ by the Emperor of Austria^ 
the King of France^ the King of Great Britain^ the Prince 
Regent of Portugal^ the King of Prussia^ the Emperor of Russia^ 
and the King of Sweden^ tvere executed by those Sovereigns re* 
fpectively^ in the following Form^ subject to the requisite varia* 
tions of Title^ Country^ ^c. 

George the Third, by the Grace of God, King of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, 
King of Hanover, Duke of Bi-unswick and Lunebnrg, &c., Ac., 
&c To all and singular to wliom these presents shall come, 
greeting. 

Whereas the Powers who signed the Treaty of Paris of the 
30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), met at Vienna conformably to Article 
XXXII of that instrmnent, together with the Piinces and States, 
their Allies, in order to complete the measm^s which therein origi- 
nated : And whereas there was concluded and signed at Vienna, on 
the 9th June, this present year 1815 (No. 27), between His Britan- 
nic Majesty ; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary 
and Bohemia ; His Majesty the King of France and Navarre ; His 
Royal Highness the Prince Regent of the Kingdoms of Portugal 
and The Brazils ; His Majesty the King of Prassia ; His Majesty 
the Emperor of all the Russias ; and His Majesty the King of 
Sweden and Norway ; one geneml and conmion Treaty, in Eight 
original Acts, each of them word for word the same, and through- 

• For French version, see " State Papers " toI. xxii, p. 1029. 

276 



Ho. 27] aRBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

out conformable ono to the other, of which 8 Acts one is in the 
possession of each of the 7 signing Powers, and the 8th is 
deposited, in execution of Aiticle CXXI of the said Instrument, 
among the Public Archives at Viemia, to servo as a document 
common as well to the parties who signed the same, as a1x)ve 
mentioned, as to the other Powers and States acceding thereto : 
And whereas the said General Treaty received on the 9th June, 
1815, amongst other signatures, those of His Britannic Majesty's 
Plenipotentiai-ies, and those of the Plenipotentiaiies of Ilis Impe- 
rial and Royal Apostolic Majesty. 

We, having read and examined, as well the General Treaty 
of the 9th June, 1815, as the Treaties, Conventions, Declarations, 
Regulations, and other Instruments, recited in Article CXYIII 
thereof, and making part of the same, all of which are to be re- 
garded as if they were here inserted, word for word, have found 
them altogether conformable to our will and pleasure ; in conse- 
quence whereof, we have approved, confinned, and ratified them, 
as by these presents we approve, confirm, and ratify them ; pro- 
mising, as well for His Majesty, as for his heirs and successors, 
faithfully to fulfil what is therein contained. 

In faith whereof We have signed and caused to be affixed the 
Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 
to these Acts of Ratification, in seven corresponding Instruments, 
one of which shall be annexed to the original copy of the Treaty, 
deposited as above, in the Imperial Archives-at Vienna, to sen^e 
as a Document to nil ; and the G others shall be exchanged with 
the 6 Signing Powers, and this present Instrmnent shall be 
exchanged against the Act of Ratification of Ilis Imperial and 
Royal Apostolic Majesty. 

Done in Duplicate, in order that one copy of the Ratification 
of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty may be deposited 
in the Public Archives of Vienna, together with the General 
Treaty, and the other in the Offico of His Majesty's Principal 
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. 

Given at the Palace of Carlton House, the day of 
in the year of Our Lord, 1815, and in the 56th year of His 
Majesty's reign. 

In the name and on the behalf of His Majesty. 

GEORGE, P.R. 



•277 



10 June, 1815,] AUSXRU, PBUSSU, &c. [Ho. 28 

[Weatplialia, dtc«] 

No. 2B.~TERRIT0RIAL CONVENTION between Au^ 
trio, Pnissia, and Hesse'DarnutadU Signed at 17(?/rwf, 
lOth June, 1815.* 

Abt.* Table. 

Froamblo. 
1. Cossion of Duohif of Westphalia to Prussia, 

8. Ceflsion of Territory on Left Bank of the MhiM to Grand Duke of 
Hesse. 

3. Salt- Works of Kreuznach to belong to the Grand Duke. 

4. Deliveiy of Territories to Prussia and Messe'Darmstadf, 
6. Revenues of Coded Territories. 

6. Civil Officers and Pensioners of the Duchy of Westphalia, 

7. Debts and Pensions to bo paid by the Duchy of Westphalia. 

8. Debts and Burthens of Territories on Left Bank of the MhiM transferred 

to States on the Bight Bank. 
0. Troops in Westphalia to remain attached to Ilcssian Army for One 
Year. Liberty to Officers to enter Prussian Service. 

10. Title of Prince of Worms, 

11. Guarantee of States to Grand Duke of Uesse, 

12. Ratifications. 

Separate and Secret Article, 
Beetoration of Possessions, tc, to Prince of Hesse-Homhurff, 

(Translation.t) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity. 

Their Majesties the Emperor of Austria and the King of 
Pnissia on the one part, and His Roj^al Ilighness the Grand Duke 
of Hesse on the other part, wishing to regulate everything relating 
to the Cession of the Duchy of Westphalia to His Prussian 
Majesty, and to the Indemnity to Ix) fixed for the said Cession, 
have named for that purpose, namely ; 

His Im|)erial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, the Sieur Clement 
Wenoeslas-Lothair Prince of Metternich- Winneborg-Ochsenhausen, 
Curator of the Academy of Fine Arts, Chamberlain, Actual Inti- 
mate Councillor of His Majesty the Emi^eroi' of Austria, King of 
Hungary and Bohemia, his Mmister of State, of Conferences and 
Foreign Affairs, his First Plenipotentiaiy to the Congress, Ac. ; 

His Majesty the King of Pnissia, the Prince of Hardenberg, 
his Chancellor of State, and Ph*st Plenipotentiary' to the Congress 
of Vienna, Ac. ; 

• See also Treaty of 20tli July, 1819, Art. xvii. 

t For French Tcrsion see " State Papers/* vol. ii, p. 831. 

278 



No. 28J AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, &c. [10 June, 1816. 

[Westphalia, Ac] 

And Ilis Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Ilesse, tLo Sieur 
Joan Baron de Turklioim of Altdorff, his Minister of Stote, and 
Envoy Extraordinary to the Congress, &c. ; 

Who, after havuig exchanged their Full Powers, found to bo 
in good and due fonn, have agix)ed upon the following Articles :— • 

Cession of Duchy of Westphalia to Prussia, 

Art. I. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Ilessc codes 
the Duchy of Westphalia to His Majesty the King of Pnissia, to 
be possessed by him, his heirs and successors, in full right and 
Sovereignty. 

Cession J f Territort/ on Ltft Baal: of the Jihine to Grand Duhe oj 

Ilesse. 

AttT. XL His Royal Highness shall receive, in exchange for 
the Cession mentioned in the preceding Article, a Teiritory on the 
left bank of the Rhine, containing a |)opulatiou of* 140,000 souls, 
to be likewise possessed by him, his heira and successors, in full 
right and Sovereignty. This Territory shall ])e in perfect con- 
tiguity, and shall contaui the towns of Wonns, Frankenthal, and 
Opixjnheim. Commissioners shall be appointed without delay, on 
the pai-t of His Majesty the Emperor of Austiia and of His Royal 
Highness, to settle the valuation and the Limits of the said Tem- 
tory, and to regulate everything bearing upon the execution of the 
present Article, 

Salt-Works of Krtuznach to belong to the Grand Duke of Ilesse, 

Art. III. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke shall also have 
the full and free property and enjoyment of the Salt- Works of 
Krcuznach, situated on the left bank of the Naho. The working 
and exjwrtation of the produce of the said Salt- Works shall bo 
free of all duty and dues whatsoever. 

Delivery of Territories to Prussia and Ilesse-Dantistadt, 

Art. IV. The Duchy of Westphalia, such as it has hccn lately 
possessed, shall bo delivered to the Authorities appointed for that 
purpose by His Majesty the King of Pnissia, on the 15th July ; 
and His Royal Highness shall at the same time be put in pos- 
session of the Territones and Works mentioned in Articles II 
and III. 

279 • 



10 June, 1816.] Austria, Prussia, &c. [No. 28 

[Westphalia, Ac] 

Revenues of Ceded Territories. 

Art. V. The Revenues of the Duchy of Westphalia up to the 
15th July, are explicitly resened to Ilis Royal Highness the 
Grand Duke of Ilesae, and His Majesty the King of Prussia 
undertakes that the arrears shall be paid before the end of the 
present year. Uis Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse 
shall enjoy all the Revenues of the country and of the works men- 
tioned in Articles II and III, from the 15th July. 

Civil Officers and Pensioners of the Duchy of Westphalia, 

Art. VI. His Majesty the King of Prussia takes charge of all 
Civil Officers employed in the administration of the Duchy of West- 
phalia, as well those in actual service as those enjoying Pensions. 

Debts and Pensions to he paid hy the Duchy of Westphalia. 

Art. VII. The Debts devolving on the Duchy of Westphalia, 
arising from the Electorate of Cologne, or contracted for its 
internal administration, remain chargeable on the said Duchy. 
The same applies to Pensions and bm*dens Imposed upon that 
countiy by the Reces of the Empire of 1803,* namely, the revenue 
of 15,000 florins settled upon the Duchy in favour of the Prince of 
Wittgenstein-Berleburg.f 

Debts and Burthens of TeiTitories on Left Bank of the Rhine trans- 

fetTed to States on the Right Bank. 

Art. VIII. The Territories on the left bank of the Rhine having 
been freed by fonner Treaties from all feudal dues, as well as from 
debts formerly hypothecated or imiK)sed upon them, and having 
thrown those burthens upon the ix>ssc8sors of States on the right 
bank of the Rhine, who at the time received Indemnities for them, 
it is agreed that none of those burthens shall be chargeable on 
those countries without the consent of His Royal Highness the 
Grand Duke. It is nevertheless recorded that Article XXVII of 
the Treaty of Paris of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), relative to the 
possessore of National Domains, shall have its full effect in the 
said countries. 

Troops in Westphalia to remain attached to Hessian Ai*iny for One 
Year. Liberty to Officers to enter Prussian Service, 

Art. IX. The troops drawn from the Duchy of Westphalia 

* See Appendix. 

t See Treaties of 30t1i June, 1816, and 12th Harcb, 1817. 

280 



No. 28] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, &c. [10 June, 1815. 

[Westphalia, Ac] 

■ 

shall remain attached to tlio anuy of His Royal Highness the 
Grand Duke for the space of one year. The oflScers who shall 
not wish to remain in the service of Hesse shall pass over to the 
service of His Majesty the King of Prassia, retainuig their rank. 

Title of Prince of Worms. 
Abt. X. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse shall 
take the Title of Prince of Wonus. 

Guarantee of States to Grand Duke of Hesse. 

Art. XI. His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty and His 
Majesty the King of Prussia Guarantee to His Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke of Hesse, the Sovereignty and Independence of 
his States, and promise to obtain the same Guarantee from the 
Court of Russia. The arrangements which may still remain to be 
made, in conformity with the Treaty of Frankfort of 23rd Novem- 
ber, 1813,* shall be made by common consent. This reserve is 
specially applicable to the Bailiwicks of Hanau. 

Eatifications, 

Art. XII. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications thereof shall be exchanged within the space of 30 
days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenii>otentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Anns. 

Done at Viemia, the 10th of Juno, in the year of Our Lord, 

1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE TCRCKHEIM. 



Separate and Secret Article. 
Restoration of Possessions^ <J*c., to Prince of Hcsse-Homhurg, 

His Royal Iliglmess the Grand Duke of Hesse engages to rein- 
state the Prince of Hesse-Honiburgf in his Possessions, Revenues, 
Rights, and Political Relations, of which he was deprived by the 
Confederation of the Rhine. 

The present Article, Separate and Secret, shall have the same 

* Sw Appeiulix. t See Note, page 241. 

2S1 



10 June, 1816.] ALblKIA, PRUSSIA, &c. [Ho. 28 

[Westphalia, ftc] 

force and value as if it were insert cid word for word in the Con- 
vention of this day. It shall le ratified, and the Batifications 
thereof shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In faith of which the respective Pleniiwtentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 10th of Jiuie, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTEKNICIL 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE TURCKIIEIM, 



282 



No. 29] aRBAT BRlTAniT, AUSTBU, &c. [18 Jane, 1815. 

[Oonffrera of Viexizia. Protests of the Pope.] 

No. 29. — PROTOCOL of Conference between the Plenipo- 
tentiaries of the 8 Coiirt% recording the Protests- of the 
Pope against certain Clauses of the Treaties of 1814 aiid 
1815. Menna, ISth Jiuie, 1815. 

Table. 
Protost of tlio Pope agaiust Act of Congreaa of Vienna projudiciol to iho 

Bights of the Church. 
Protest of the Pope against Besolutious of Congress prejudicial to Temporal 
Interests of the Holj See. 

(Translation.*) 

The 121 Articles marked at the last sitting, and which, 
together with the Annexes therein i-eferred to, form the Final Act 
of the Congress, having been collected and drawn up in General 
Treaty of 9th June (No. 27), the Pleniix)tentiaries assembled to 
finish and enter in the Protocol certain points preliminary to the 
signature of the said General Treaty. 

Art. I. They took into consideration the two Acts of Protest 
sent in on the 12th Juno by Ilis Eminence Cardinal Consalvi, 
Ilis Ilolinoss's Secretary of State and his Plenipotcntiaiy at the 
Congress of Vienna. 

Protest of the Pope against Act of Congress of Vienna prejudicial 

to the Rights of the Church. 

By the Fu^t of these Acts the Cardinal protests, in the name 
of His Holiness, against the Resolutions which have been main- 
tained or passed by the Congress of Vienna (No. 27), and are 
prejudicial to the interests of tlio Catholic Religion, and contrary 
to the rights of the Church. 

Protest of the Pope against Resolutions of Congress jyrcjudicial to 

Temporal Interests of the Ilolg See. 

By the Second Act the Cardinal presents a Protest against 
what is contained in the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), as well as in the 
Resolutions of the Congress (No. 27), p^x.* judicial to the temporal 
interests of the Holy See. 

The Plenipotentiaries declare that those two Acts of Protest 
shall remain deposited in the Archives of the Congress, and be 
appended to the present Protocol. 

Art. II. Count Lowenhielm, Pleni|X)tentiaiy of His Majesty 

• For French yersion, see "State Paper?," toI. ii, p. 760). 

283 



18 Jane, 1816.] GREAT BBITAm, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 29 

[OongreM of Vienna. Protests of the Pope.] 

the King of Sweden and Norway, reverts to the Reservation 
which ho made in the name of his Court, at the sittings of June 
9 and 11, relative to Articles CI and CII of the (xeneral Treaty, 
which concern the arrangement about Lucca, and to Article CIV, 
which declares tlio recognition of Ferdinand IV on the Throne of 
Naples, which Reservation is of the purport of the paper delivered 
at the last sittuig, and the Plenipotentiaiy of Sweden desires that 
an acknowledgment of that Reservation may be given to him in a 
special Protocol signed by the Plenipotentiaries of the 8 Powers. 

Whereupon it has been decided that at the sitting of to- 
morrow there shall bo delivered to the Plenipotentiary of Sweden 
a special Protocol, such as is shown in the paper appended hereto, 
eigned by the Plenipotentiaries. 

Art. III. In order to provide that the General Treaty of the 
9th of this month may be regularly drawn up, the Plenipoten- 
tiaries have had some errors corrected and have arranged some 
slight alterations in the wording of the instrument drawn up. 

These corrections and these alterations are set down on the 
explanatory leaf appended hereto. 

WESSENBERG. 

P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. 

D'ALBERG. 

CLANCARTY. 

PALMELLA. 

SALDANIIA. 

LOBO. 

HUMBOLDT. 

STACKELBERG. 

LOWENHIELM. 



(Annex 1.) Protest of the Pope against the Resolutions of the 
Congress prejudicial to Religion and to the Catholic Church. 
Vienna, 12th June, 1815. 



(Sub-Annex.) Protest, in the name of Ilis Holiness Pope 
TMus VII and the Holy Apostolic See, against all those matters 
which have been sanctioned or allowed to remain to the pre- 
judice of the Rights and Privileges of the German Churches, and 
also of the Holy Soo, at the Congress of Vienna. 12th Juno, 1815. 



2»4 



Mo. 20] GBEAT BBITAIN, AUSIBU, &c. [18 Jane, 1815. 

[Oonvreis of Vienna. Froteits of the Pope.] 

(Sub- Annex.) Protest in the name of Ills IIolinesB Pope 
Pius YII and the Holy Apostolic See, agauist all those matters 
which in reference to his Dominions have either been sanctioned 
or allowed to remain, to the prejudice of the said Holy See, at the 
Congress of Vienna. 12th June, 181.5. 



(Annex 2.) Protest of the Pope against the Treaty of Paris 
and the Resolutions of the Congress, prejudicial to the Temporal 
interests of the Holy See. 12th June, 1815. 



285 



1814-1815.] OBEAT BRITAIN, AI7SXBU, to. [Mo. 80 

[Protocols. ConffroM of Viomift.] 



No. 20.— PROTOCOLS of Canferenees between the PUmpth 
tentiaries of the Sitynatary Courts to the Treaty of Peace 
icith Fmnce of 30/A May, 1814. Vienna^ i2nd Septem" 
Inrj 18U— 19^/« Juney 1815. 



" Siato Fkpen," 
ToLk 
No. 1814. Page 

— Protocol. 4, CoMfiB (AMi(ria,OreatSntaiH,Pfusiia, 

HHitsia). FomiB and Coune of the Deliborotions . 22 September 664 
«— Projoot of the Plenipotentiaries of the 4 Courts. 

Fonn» asd Course of the Deliberations 22 September 666 

— Pn>jivt of the Boelaration of the 4 Courts. Course 

of the Bcliborations 80 September 667 

' — Tlio Plcnipotontiarr of France to the Plenipotentiaiy 

of Oreai Britain, Course of the Deliberations ... 1 October . 669 

— Project (Dritidh) of Declaration of the 4 Courts. 

Course of tlio Deliberations 2 October . 660 

— The Ploni|wtentiarj' of France to the British Pleni- 

|K)tonti«rr. Course of the Deliberations 6 October . 661 

— Doi'Inrntion of the Plenipotentiaries of the 8 Courts. 

OiHMiiug of the Congress 8 October • 663 

— ProtiKX)!. 8 Courts {Austria, Spain, France, Oreai 

Britain^ Portugal, Prussia^ Bussia, Stceden). Bank 
and rn»oo<.lcnoo of the Plenipotentiaries. Presi- 
Bidoucy nt the Seances. Full Powers. Distribution 
ofWork SOOctober. 663 

— Pn>i)0»itionH of the rioHii)otcntiaiT of France. Dis- 

tribution of Work 5f;3 

— Protocol. 8 CourtH. Verification of the Powers, &c. 31 October . 666 

— Decliinition of the Pleni|X)toutiaries of the 8 Courts. 

Verification of the Powers, &c 1 November 667 

— Protocol. 8 (burtH. Sardinia and Oenoa. General 

Affairs of Ifulj/ , 13 NoTcmber 570- 

— The Confuivnco to the Plenipotentiary of Sardinia, 

Genoa I7 November 671 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Oenoa and Piedmont, The 

Infanta Maria ]x>ui6e and Tttscant/ December 673 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Oenoa and Piedmont. Imperial 

Fit'fi. Tuscany. Navigation of the Birers. Slave 

Trade. Rank of Crowned Iloads 10 December 676 

— The Conference to the Plenipotentiary of Sardinia, 

Oenoa ,, 16 December 676 

— Propositions of the Plenipotentiary of -FVawoe. Bivert. 

Slave Trade. Bank , , , 676 

28C 



No. 30] GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [1814-1816. 

[Protocols. Ck>iiffre8i of Vienna.] 

" State Papers," 
vol. ii. 
No. 1814. Page 

— - Protocol. 8 Courts. Genoa and Piedmont • . . 12 December 577 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Qenoa and Piedmont, Navi- 

gation of Si vers.* Slave Trade 14 December 677 

1. Protocol. 4 Courts. Territorial Arrangements. 

Saxony and Poland 29 December 579 

-— The Plenipotentiary of Auetria to the PlonipotentLiry 

of Russia, Saxony and Poland 26 December 580 

— The Plenipotentiary of Russia to the Plcnipotentiaiy 

of Austria. Saxony and Poland 27 December 581 

— The Plenipotentiary of Austria to the Plenipotentiary 

of Russia. Saxony and Poland 27 December 581 

— The Plenipotentiaiy of Russia to the Pleuipotcntiaiy 

of Austria. Saxony and Poland 27 December 682 

•— The Plenii>otontiaTy of Austria to the Plenipotentiary 

of Prussia. Saxony and Poland 28 December 683 

— The Plenipotentiary of Prussia to the Plenipotentiaiy 

of Austria, Saxony and Poland 29 December 683 

2. ProtocoL 4 Courts. Saxony^ Poland^ Mayence^ 

Oertnanic Confederation 80 December 588 

— Memoir and Project of the Agreement of the Pleni- 

potentiaries of Russia 30 December 580 

1616. 

3. Protocol. 4 Courts. Saxony ^ Poland, Mayence .... 3 January . 503 

— Counter Project of Convention of the Plenipotentiary 

of Austria. Saxony y Poland, Mayence 601 

4. Protocol. 4 Courts. Saxony, Poland, Mayenee, (Com- 

mission dc Kedaction) 7 January . 500 

5. Protocol. Saxony and Poland, Prussia 9 Januarr . 507 

— Observ.'itions of the Plenipotentiary' of Russia on the 

Austrian Counter Project. Poland 599 

— Memorandum of the British PlcniiwtcutiaTj'. Saxony. 

Poland. Prussia GQl 

1. Protocol. 5 Courts. (Auslria, France, Great Britain, 

Prussia, Russia.) Becoust ruction of Prussia . , • . 12 January . G02 

— A Prussian Plan. Reconstruction of Prussia 602 

— ProtocoL 8 Courts. Bank of the Sovereigns, and 

Precedence of their Beprcsentativcs. Port of 

Antwerp. Slave Trade 16 January . 604 

2. Protocol. 4 Courts. Beconstrucdon of Prussia, 

Extension of Holland 28 January . 604 

— B. Austrian Memoir in reply to the Prussian Plan . . 28 January . 606 

— C. Austrian Schedule of Losses and Compensations 612 

— D, Memoir of the Plenipotentiary of Great Britain. 

Holland 618 

* The Bcgulation was presented, and approved by the Conference on 
the 29th March, 1815. 

287 



. 



1814—1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 30 

[ProtoooU. Congress of Vienna.] 

*' State Papew," 
Tol. ii. 

No. 1816. Page 

8. Protocol. 5 Courtfl. Reconstruction of Pruttia .... 8 February 614 

— E. Prussian Memoir in reply to the Austrian Counter 

Project. Reconstruction of Prussia 8 Februaiy 616 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Precedence of Diplomatic 

Agents. Switzerland 9 February 629 

4. Protocol. 6 Courts. Reconstruction of Prussia. 

Poland, Saxonif, Netherlands, Constitution of 

Oermany, Fortresses. Saxe Weimar, SchGnburg 10 February 680 

— F. Austrian Declaration of Adhesion to the Prussian 

Project 631 

•— Qt. Official Report of Commission de Redaction. 
Austrian Declaration of Adhesion to the Prussian 
Project 633 

5. Protocol. 6 Courts. Duchy of Wartaw, Saxony, 

Cessions Guaranteed. Navigation of the Elbe, 
Schwarlxbourg, LuscUia. Saxe Weitnar, Sanoter, 

Fortresses of Luxemburg ^ kc • 11 February 632 

•— n. Declaration of the British Plenipotentiaries. 

Guarantee 635 

— I. Declaration of the 6 Courts. Title of Ghitnd Duke 

of Saxe-Weimar 635 

— E. British Declaration. Hanover and Prussia, For- 

tresses of Luxemburg, Magence, &c 636 

6. Protocol. 5 Courts. Prussian Possessions. Posses- 

sions of NassaU'Dietz, Westphalia, Nassau, Fulda, 
The Netherlands, Constitution of Oermang, For- 
tresses of the Germanic League, Saxe-Weimar, 
SchOnburg 12 Februaiy 637 

7. Protocol. 6 Courts. Bingen. Houses of Nassau 

and Saxong, Titles of the Eing of Prussia, 
Hanover and Prussia, Chapter of St, Peter of 
Ndrten. Meppen, Bheina-Wolbech, Bentheim, 
Prussia and Brunswick, Oldenburg, Guarantee 
of Concessions. Neustadt 13 February 638 

— L. The Plenipotentiaries of Prussia to the Confer- 

ence. Neustadt 13 February 640 

8. Protocol. 6 Courts. Poland, Bentheim, Bouillon 21 Februaiy 640 

— M. The Plenipotentiary of Ch^at Britain to the Con- 

ference. Poland 12 Januaiy . 642 

— N. The Plenipotentiaries of Russia to the Conference. 

Poland 19 January. 644 

— O. The Plenipotentiaries of Austriaio the Conference. 

Poland 21 Februaiy 645 

8. P. The Pleuii)otcntiary of Prussia to the British 

Plenipotentiary. Poland 30 January. 647 

— • Q. The Plenipotentiary of Hanover to the Plenipoten- 
tiary of Prussia, Hanover and Bentheim . . 16 and 18 February 648 

288 



No. 30] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [1814-1815. 

[ProtooolB. CongresB of Vienna.] 

" State Papers," 
Tol. ii. 

No. 1816. Pago 
9. Protocol. 6 Courts. Saxony, Bouillon. (Com- 
mission de Redaction) G March. . . G50 

— R. Note of the Plenipotentiaries of Austria and of 

Prussia, Saxony and Prussia, Neustadi 6 March. . . 651 

10. Protocol. 5 Courts. Saxony 7 March. . . G52 

— S. Communication to the King of Saxony, Saxony 

and Prussia 7 March. . . G52 

11 . Protocol. 5 Courts. Saxony and Prussia ......... 12 March. . . G58 

— T. The Minister of Saxony to the Plenipotentiaries of 

Austria, France, and Great Britain. Saxony and 

Prussia « 11 March... GGl 

— U. The Plenipotentiaries of the 3 Courts to the 

Minister of Saxony, Saxony and Prussia ....... 11 March. . . GG2 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Escape of Bonaparte. (Com- 

mission de Redaction.) SwUserland 12 March. . . G63 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Escape of Bonaparte 13 March. . . GQ^ 

•— Declaration. 8 Courts. Escape of Bonaparte .... 13 March. , . 665 

12. Protocol. 6 Courts. Switzerland, Raxuns. Valte' 

line, Bormio and Chiavenna. Maria Louisa of 

Spain 18 March... 667 

— y. Protocol of the Swiss Committee. Maria Louisa 

ofiS^afit ISMarch... 667 

— W. The Conference to the French Plenipotentiary. 

Maria Louisa of Spain 18 March. . . 668 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Switzerland. Bonaparte. Mili- 

tary Councils. Precedence 19 March. . . 668 

— • Declaration. Affairs of the Helvetic Confederation 20 March. . . 669 

— Regulation. Rank of Diplomatic Agents 19 March. . • 670 

13. Protocol. 6 Courts. Titles of the King of the Nether- 

lands, Nassau, Luxemburg 23 March... 670 

14. Protocol. 4 Courts. Alliance against Bonaparte, p 

Subsidies 25 March... 671 

— X Treaty of Alliance between the 4 Courts. Subsidies 25 March. . . 672 

— Y. Additional and Separate Article. British Con- 

tingent 25 March. . . 672 

— Z, The Plenipotentiaries of the 3 Courts to the 

British Plenipotentiary. Subsidies 672 

15. Protocol. 5 Courts. Sioitzerland 26 March... 673 

— AA. The Qwiss Deputies to the Conference 24 March. . . 673 

16. Protocol. 5 Courts. Alliance against Bonaparte . . 27 March. . . 674 

— BB. The Plenipotentiaries of the 4 Courts to the 

Plenipotentiary of France, Adhesion of France to 

the Treaty of Alliance 27March... 674 

17. Protocol. 5 Courts. Savoy and Geneva. Accessions to 

the Treaty of Alliance against Bonaparte, Saxony 28 March. . . 675 

— CC. The Plenipotentiary of Sardinia to the Confer- 

ence. Savoy ti,nd Geneva i.. ••«..• 26 March... 677 

289 U 



18 June, 1815.1 GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [Ho. 29 

[Protocols. Oonsrress of Vienna.] 

•' State Papers," 
vol. ii. 

No. 1815. Page 

— DD. Tlio Plenipotentiary of France to the Conference. 

Aoceaeion to the Treaty of Alliance against Bona- 

parte 27 March. . • 678 

— EE. The Conference to the Plenipotentiaries of 

Bavaria, Denmark, Hanover^ Netherlands, Sar- 
dinia, Wurtemberg, &c. Accession to the Treaty of 
Alliance against Bonaparte 29 March. . . 679 

— FF. The Plenipotentiaries of Austria and of Prussia 

to the Plenipotentiaries of the Sovereign Princes 
and Free Cities of Qermany, Accession to the 
Treaty of Alliance against £o»a/7ar^0 29 March. .. 680 

18. Protocol. 5 Courts. Saxony and Prussia, Accessions 

to the Treaty of Alliance. Diplomatic Corps in 

Paris dlMaich... 681 

— GG. The Plenipotentiaries of the 5 Courts to the 

Minister of Saxony, Adhesion of Saxony 81 March. . . 682 

— HH. Formulary of Treaty of Accession to the Treaty 

of Alliance against Bonaparte • 683 

— JJ. The Plenipotentiary of Wurteniberg to the Con- 

ference. Diplomatic Corps in Paris 80 March. • . 683 

19. Protocol. 6 Courts. Saxony and Prussia, Alliance 

against Bonaparte, Military Arrangements 1 April. • . • 683 

20. Protocol. 5 Courts. Warsaw. Bavaria. Haynau, 

Mayence and Darmstadt. Road from Frankfort to 

Leipsic 8 April.... 684 

21. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria 4 April. . . . 686 

— KE. Austrian Schedule of Cessions, &c 685 

22. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria 5 April. . . . 687 

— LL. The Plenipotentiary of Bavaria to the Confer- 

ence. Austria and Bavaria 5 April. • • . 688 

23. Protocol. 5 Courts. Saxony and Prussia, Warsaw 7 April. . . . 692 

— MM. The Plenipotentiary of Saxony to the Confer- 

ence. Adhesion of Saxony, Warsaw, Schonburg April. . . . 692 

24. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria, Saxony 

and Warsaw 10 April. . . . 696 

— NN. Austrian Proposals of Exchange with Bavaria 697 

— OO. The Plenipotentiaries of Prussia to the Plenipo- 

tentiary of Saxony, Saxony and Prussia 10 April. . • • 698 

— PP. The Plenipotentiary of Russia to the Plenipoten- 

tiary of Saxony. Warsaw 10 April. . . . 701 

25. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria, WuT' 

temhurg. Hesse, Baden, Darmstadt, Saxony • 13 April. . . . 703 

— QQ. The Conference to tht Plenipotentiary of Saxony, 

Saxony and Prussia, Warsaw, Adhesion of 

Saxony 14April.... 703 

2G. Protocol. 6 Courts. Military Arrangements 18 April. . . . 706 

290 



Ho. 30] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [1814—1816. 

[Protocols. Conflrrdra of Vienna.] 

" State Paprs," 
vol. ii. 

No. 1815. Page 

— RR. Table. Contingents of the Princes and States of 

the North of Germany 706 

27. Protocol. 5 Courts. Saxony, Accession of Saxony 

to the Treaty of Alliance. Swedish Pomerania ... 20 April. . . . 707 

— SS. The Plenipotentiarj of Saxony to the Confer- 

ence. Saxony and Prussia 20 April. . . . 708 

28. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria. G-oarantee. 

Prince Primate, &c., of Frankfort, Bavaria and 
^a(2eii (Palatinate). Prince Eugene. Anspachtm^ 
Bayreuth, Berg, Districts upon the right Bank 
of the Moselle. Contingent of Saxony 23 April. . . . 711 

— TT. Observations of the British Plenipotentiaiy. 

Contingent of Saxony 21 April. . • • 714 

29. Protocol. 5 Courts. Adhesion of Saxony, Swedish 

Pomerania 27 April. . . . 716 

80. Protocol. 6 Courts. Austria and Sicily. Contingent 

of Saxony. Mecklenburg- Schwerin, Subsidies • . 80 April. . . . 717 

— UU. The Plenipotentiary of Prussia to the British 

Plenipotentiary. Contingent of Saxony 29 April. . . . 718 

— V V. The Plenipotentiary of Mecklenburg- Schwerin 

to the Conference. Title of Royal Highness 18 April. . . . 718 

81. Protocol. 5 Courts. Adhesion of Saxony, Con- 

tingent of Saxony 1 May . . • • 719 

— WW. The Plenipotentiary of Saxony to the Confer- 

ence. Adhesion of Saxony 1 May .... 720 

— XX. The British Plenipotentiary to the Russian 

Plenipotentiary. Contingent of Saxony 1 May .... 721 

— YY. The Plenipotentiary of Prussia to the British 

Plenipotentiary. Contingent of Saxony 1 May .... 722 

32. Protocol. 5 Courts. Support of the Allied Armies. . 3 May .... 722 

— ZZ. The Plenipotentiary of Hanover to the Confer- 

ence. Support of the Allied Armies 4 May .... 725 

33. Protocol. 4 Courts. Treaty of Alliance against 

Bonaparte 6 May .... 726 

— AAA. British explanatory Declaration. Gh)vemmcnt 

of France 25 April. • . . 727 

— BBB. Counter-Declarations of the 3 Courts. Q-ovem- 

ment of France May .... 727 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Report. Declaration against 

Bonaparte 12 May .... 727 

— Adhesion of the Plenipotentiaries of Bavaria, Den- 

mark, Hanover, the Netherlands, Sardinia, Saxony, 
Thoo Sicilies, and Wurtemburg to the Report. 
Declaration against Bonaparte 12 May .... 734 

34. Protocol. 5 Courts and Saxony, Saxony and Prussia. 

Schdnburg, Accession of Saxony to the Alhancc 

against Bonaparte • 18 May .... 734 

291 V 2 



1814 -1815.] aREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [Ho. 30 

[Protocols. Congress of Vienna.] 

"State Papers," 
vol. ii. 

No. 1816. Page 

— CCC. Article. Succession. Ernestine and Albertine 

Branches of the House of Saxony 735 

— DDD. Article. Rights of the House of Schdnhurff 736 

— EEE. Treaty of Accession of Saxony to the Treaty of 

Alliance against Bonaparte • 736 

— FFF. Extract of Protocol. Saxony and Prussia .... 18 May .... 736 
85. Protocol. 5 Courts and Saxony, Treaty (territorial) 

with /Saxony . ! 20May.... 737 

36. Protocol. 5 Courts and Saxony. Ratification of the 

Treaty with Saxony 22 May .... 737 

— GGG. Treaty with Saxony 18 May .... 738 

37. Protocol. 6 Courts. Draft of the General Treaty . . 20 May .... 738 

38. Protocol. 5 Courts. Saxony, SchSnburg, Svntzer* 

land, Italy, Navigation of the Po, Mont Napo' 
ISon. Modena. Parma and Placencia, The 
Netherlands. Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, Project 
of General Treaty 27 May .... 739 

^ HHH. Declaration of the King of Saxony, House of 

SchOnburg ISMay..., 740 

•— J J J. Treaty of Accession of Switzerland to the Treaty 

of Alliance against Bonaparte 20 May .... 741 

39. Protocol. 5 Courts. General Treaty. Order of Sig- 

natures. French Language, Prussia and Hanover, 29 May .... 741 

40. Protocol. 5 Courts. Prussia and Saxe-Weimar, 

Fulda, Mediatised Princes in Prussia, Italy, 
Tuscany, Prince Lodovisi Buoncompagni. Lucca . 
Maria Louisa of Spain 1 June .... 741 

— KKE. Convention (territorial) between Prussia and 

Saxe-Weimar 1 June .... 742 

41. Protocol. 5 Courts. Lucca, Mont Napolion in 

Milan, Restitution to Holy See, Prince Eugene 
Beauhamois. Duchy of Binioent, Town of Frank' 
fort, Wurtzlurg. Aschaffenburg. Eazuns. Por- 
tugal and Spain and France. Oliven^a, Guiana, 
Form of the General Treaty '. 4 June .... 742 

— LLL. Declaration on the part of Austria^ France^ 

Prussia, and Russia, Prince Eugene Beauhamois 743 

— MMM. Reserve. Duchy of B€nioent 4 June .... 743 

42. Protocol. 5 Courts. Ionian Islands 744 

— NNN. Project of the British Article. Ionian Islands 745 

43. Protocol. 5 Courts. Fulda, Prince Primate. Lusatia, 

The Holy See, Frankfort, Form of the General 

Treaty 6 June .... 746 

44. Protocol. 6 Courts. Bouillon, Two Sicilies 7 June .... 746 

— 000. Report. Bouillon 6 June ...» 746 

45. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria, and Bavaria and Prussia, 

Oldettburg 10 Juno .... 749 

292 



Ho. 30] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [1814—1816. 

[FrotocolB. ConerresB of Viexma.] 

" State Papers," 
vol. ii. 

No. 1815. Page 

^ PPP. Project of the Separate Conyention between 

Afutria and Prussia 750 

— ProtocoL 8 Courts. General Accession oi Switzerland, 

Preamble of the General Treaty. Non-adliesion of 
Spain, Funds of Zurich and Berne in England, 
Reserrations of Portugal and of Sweden. Lucca 
and Naples -^ June .... 752 

— The Plenipotentiary of Spain to the Conference. 

Parma, Placentia and Quattalla 4 April, . . . 753 

^ The Plenipotentiary of Spain to the Conference. 

Olivenfa, Parma, &c 6 Juno .... 756 

— The Conference to the Plenipotentiary of Spain Idem 6 June .... 767 

— The Plenipotentiary of Spain to the Conference Idem 7 June .... 758 

— The Plenipotentiary of Portugal to the Conference. 

Ulterior Negotiations 9 June .... 759 

— The Plenipotentiary of Sweden to the Conference. 

Parma, Placentia and Ouastalla. Naples 9 Jime .... 759 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. The Holg See, Stoeden and 

Lucca, and Naples, 18 Juno .... 7G0 

— Protest of the Pope. Religion and Catholic Church 12 June .... 762 
— - Protest of the Pope. Temporal interests of the 

Holg See 12 June .... 760 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Sweden and Lucca, and Naples, 18 June .... 772 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Signature of the General Treaty 

dated the 9th Jime 19 June .... 773 



203 



26 July, 1815.] GBEAT BBITAIN, &c., AND RUSSIA. [No. 31 

[Slave Trade.] 



No. Zl.— PROTOCOL of Conference heticeen Great Britain, 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia respecting the Abolition of tlie 
Slave Trade by France, Paris, 26th July, 181 5» 

(Translation.*) 
(Extract.) 

Viscount Castlereaou, Ilis Britannic Majesty's Principal 
Secretary of State, Stc, in reference to the communication he has 
made to the Conference, of the Orders addressed to the Admiralty to 
suspend all Hostilities against the coast of France, observes that 
there is reason to foresee that French shipowners might be induced 
to renew the Slave Trade, under the supposition of the peremptory 
and total abolition decreed by Napoleon Bonaparte, having ceased 
with his power, that, nevertheless, great and powerful consi- 
derations, arising from motives of himiaiiity and even of regard for 
the King's authority, requii-e that no time shoiJd be lost to maintain 
in France the entire and immediate abolition of the Traffic in Slaves ; 
that if, at the time of the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), the King's 
administration could wish a final but gradual stop should bo put 
to this Trade, in the space of 5 years, for the purpose of afford- 
ing the King the gratification of having consulted, as much as 
possible, the interests of the French proprietors in the Colonies, 
now that the absolute prohibition has been ordained, the question 
assumes entirely a different shape, for if the King were to revoke 
the said prohibition, he would give himself the disadvantage of 
authorising, in the interior of France, the itjproach wliich more 
than once has been thrown out against his fonner Government, of 
countenancing reactions, and, at the same time, justifying, out of 
France, and particularly in England, the belief of a systematic 
opposition to liberal ideas ; that accordingly the time seems to 
have arrived when the Allies cannot hesitate formally to give 
weight in France to the immediate and entire prohibition of the 
Slave Trade, a prohibition, the necessity of which has lx?en 
acknowledged, in principle, in the transactions of the Congress at 
Vienna (No. 7). 

The other Members of the Conference entirely coincide in 
opinion with Viscoimt Ctistlereagh, and in order to attain this end 
in the manner the most advantageous to the authority and con- 

• For French Version, sec " State Papers," toI. iii, p. 196. 

294 



Mo. 31] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND RUSSIA. [26 July, 1815 . 

[Slave Trade.] 

sideration of tlio King, it is agreed that it would be advisable to 
preface, by a few observations, the verbal communication to be 
made to the King and to his administration, in order that His 
Majesty may be induced voluntarily to make the arrangement hi 
question, and thus reap the advantage of an initiative, which will 
remove the idea in the interior of the kingdom of a tendency 
towards reaction, and will conciliate to the King, in Foreign 
Countries, the suffrages of the partisans of liberal ideas. 

A confidential representation is to be made to the King 
accordingly. 

Paris, 26th July, 1815. 

CASTLEREAGIL NESSELRODE. 

METTERNICIL HUMBOLDT. 



2*.)") 



12 Aug., 1816.] OREAT BEITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [Ho. 82 
[Dutch Proprietors. Demerara, EMeanibo, and Berbioe.] 



No. Z2.~C0NVENTI0N between Great Britain and the 

Netherlands, relative to Dutch Proprietors in Demerara^ 

Essequiboy and Berbice, Signed at London^ \ith August^ 

1815. 

Aet. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. Trade of Dutch Proprietors in Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbiee, with 

the Netherlands, Nationality of YesselF. 

2. Import and Export Duties. 

3. Privileges of Dutch Proprietors. Negroes. 

4. Foreclosure of Mortgages, &c. 
6. Privileges of Dutch Proprietors. 

6. Description of Dutch Proprietors. 

7. Supplies for Mortgaged Estates, &c. 

8. Declaration to be made by Proprietors. 

9. Double Mortgages. 

10. Annual Lists of Proprietors and Estates. 

11. Berbice Association. 

12. Judicial Decisions, &c. 

13. Fairness and Impartiality. 

14. Modifications. 

15. Operation of Treaty. 

16. Ratification. 

(English version.)* 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the King of the Nether- 
lauds, being equally desirous of promoting and cementing the 
harmony and good understanding so happily estabUshed between 
the two countries, by carrying into immediate execution that part 
of the provisions of the 1st Additional Article of the Convention 
of the 13th of August, 1814 (No. 5), which stipulates that the 
subjects of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, being Pro- 
prietors in the Colonies of Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, 
shall be at liberty (under certain regulations) to carry on trade 
between the said settlements and the territories in Europe of His 
said Majesty, have nominated for their Pleniix>tentiaries, viz., 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, Henry Earl Bathurst, a Member of His Majesty's 

• For Dutch Version, see " State Papers/* toI. iii, p. 386. 

296 



No. 32J OBEAT BBITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [12 Aug., 1816. 
[Dutch Proprietors. Demerara, Esseatiibo, and Berbice.] 

Most Honorable Privy Council, and one of his Principal Secre- 
taries of State ; 

And his Majesty the King of the Netheriands, the Sieur 
Henry Baron Fagel, a Member of the Corps des Nobles of the 
Province of Holland, and his Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to his Britannic Majesty : 

Who, after having communicated to each other their respec- 
tive Full Powers, found in due and proper form, have agreed to 
the following Articles : 

Trade of Dutch Projmeiors with the Netherlands. Nationality of 

Vessels, 

Art. I. It is hereby agreed for the space of 5 years from 
the 1st of January, 1816, the aforesaid trade may be carried on 
in any ships being the property of subjects of His Majesty the 
King of the Netherlands, wheresoever built, and without any 
restriction or limitation as to the mariners navigating them : but 
at the expiration of the said five years, or as much sooner as 
His Majesty the King of the Netherlands shall think proper, such 
trade shall be carried on only in such ships as are Dutch built, 
and whereof the Master and three-fourths of the crew are sub- 
jects of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands. 

Import and Export Duties, 

Art. II. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands reserves 
to himself the liberty of imposing such duties as he may think fit, 
upon the importation into the European dominions of his said 
Majesty, of the produce of the Colonies in question ; and vice 
versil, with regard to exportation: but the duties to be paid 
within the Colonics shall be applicable to the Dutch, as well as to 
the British trade. 

Privileges of Dutch Propn'etors. Negroes, 

Art. III. The subjects of His Majesty the King of the 
Netherlands, being Proprietoi-s in the said Colonies, shall be at 
perfect liberty to go to the said Colonies, and to return, without 
bemg subjected in this respect to any delay or diflSculty ; or to 
appoint persons to act for them in the management of the said 
intercourse, or of their properties in the said Colonies ; subject, 
however, during their residence there, to the laws and regula- 
tions of the same. 

297 



12 Aug. 1815.] OBBAT fiBITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [No. 32 
[IHitoli Proprietors. Domerarft, EMieqnibo, and Berbice.] 

They shall also have full liberty to dispose of their Property 
in any manner in which they may think fit : but it is understood 
that in regard to Negroes, they are to be subject to the same 
restrictions as British subjects. 

Foreclosure of Mortgages^ cj-c. 

Art. IV. In order to protect the Proprietors of Estates in the 
said Colonies from the ruinous effects of the immediate fore- 
closure of Mortgages due to the subjects of His Majesty the 
King of the Netherlands, it is further agi'ced, that in all cases in 
which the proprietor of an estate shall offer to the holder of any 
mortgage on the said estate, made prior to the 1st of January, 
1814 (such mortgagee being a subject of His Majesty the King 
of the Netherlands), the security hereinafter specified, such 
mortgagee shall not be at liberty to proceed to the immediate or 
summary foreclosure of the said mortgage; it being however 
miderstood, that in all cases in which no such secunty shall be 
offered by the proprietor, the mortgagee shall retain all those 
rights as to foreclosure, to which he is at present entitled. 

The security in question must provide that the mortgagee 
shall receive, at the expense of the Proprietor of the estate, a 
new mortgage for the whole amount of the debt now due to him, 
including both that part of the original debt which has not been 
discharged, and the interest which may have accrued \x\ym it up 
to the 31st December, 1814, inclusive. That this security shall 
reserve to the mortgagee that priority of claim over other mort- 
gagees and creditors to which he is entitled under his original 
mortgage ; that it shall bear an aimual interest, beginning from 
the Ist of January, 1815, at the same rate, and payable in the 
same manner, as that which was payable under the original 
mortgage; and that the whole amount of the new debt shall 
be payable by eight annual instalments, the first of which is to 
become payable on the 1st of January, 1820. 

The new security shall also afford to the mortgagee all those 
means of legal redress, in the event of non-payment of the in- 
terest, or omission to discharge the i)rincipal when due, and all 
those other privileges and advantages to which he would be 
entitled under his existing mortgage, and shall place him, with 
respect to the debt for which the new security is given, in tho 
same situation as he stood with respect to his original claim upon 
the estate, excepting only in what relates to the period at whioh 

298 



No. 32] eAEAT BRITAIN Alii) NETHEBLAND8. [12 Aog. 1815. 
[Dutoh Proprietors. Demerara, Easeauibo, and Berbioa.] 

the payment may bo demanded, so that no later creditor shall 
derive, from this arrangement, any ix)wer to aflfect the rights of 
the original creditor, and that no further suspension of payment 
(surcheance) beyond that herein agreed upon, shall take place 
without the original creii iter's especial consent. 

It is further agreed, that m order to entitle the mortgagee to 
receive the security specified in this Article, he shall, as soon as 
the said security is duly recorded in the said Colony and delivered 
to the mortgagee or his agent, in the Colony (the expenses of 
such record being defrayed by the Proprietors), deliver up to bo 
cancelled the mortgages or bonds originally granted to him, or 
exhibit legal proof that the said mortgages and bonds have been 
duly cancelled, and are no longer of any value. 

It is further expressly agreed, that, with the exceptions of 
the modifications specified in this Article, the rights of mortgagees 
and creditors shall remain intact. 

Privileges of Dutch Froprittors, 

Art. V. It is agreed that all Dutch j)roprietors, acknowledged 
to be such by the present Convention, shall be entitled to supply 
their Estates from the Netherlands with the usual articles of 
supply ; and in return, to export to the Netherlands the produce 
of the said estates. But that all other importation of goods from 
the Netherlands into the Colonies, or export of produce from the 
Colonies to the Netherlands, shall be strictly proliibited ; and it 
is further agreed, that the exportation of all such articles as may 
be prohibited to be exported to those Colonies from the British 
dominions, shall be also prohibited to be exported from the 
Netherlands. 

Description of Dutch Proprietors. 

Art. VI. By Dutch Proprietors are to be understood : — 

1st. All subjects of Ilis Majesty the Kmg of the Nether- 
lands resident in his said Majesty's European dominions, who are 
at present Proprietors in the said Colonies. 

2ndly. All subjects of Ilis said Majesty who may hereafter 
become possessed of Estates now belonging to Dutch Proprietors 
therein. 

3rdly. All such Proprietors as being now resident in the 
alx)ve Colonies, and being natives of the Netherlands, may (by 
virtue of Article VIII of the present Convention) declare that they 
wish to continue to be considered as such ; and 

299 



12 Aug., 1815.] aBEAT BRITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [No. 32 
[Dutch Proprietors. Demerara, Esseauibo, and Berbice.] 

4thly. All subjects of His said Majesty who may be the 
holders of Mortgages on Estates in the said Colonies, made prior 
to the date of this Convention, and who may, under their mort- 
gage deeds, have the right of exporting from the said Colonies to 
the Netherlands, the produce of the said Estates ; subject, never- 
theless, to the restrictions specified in Article IX. 

Supplies for Moi^tgaged Estates^ ^c. 

Art. VII. In all cases where the right of supplying the 
mortgaged estate with articles of supply, and exporting produce 
from it to the Netherlands, is not actually secured to the mort- 
gagee by the mortgage deed, the mortgagee shall be allowed to 
export from the colony only such quantity of produce as will be 
sufficient, when estimated at the current prices of the colony, to 
pay the amount of interest or principal annually due to him and 
to import into the colony articles of supply in the same propor- 
tion. 

Declaration to he made hy Proprietors. 

Akt. VIII. All Proprietors, subjects to His Majesty the King 
of the Netherlands, now residing in the above Colonies, must, in 
order to entitle themselves to the benefit of this Convention, 
declare, within 8 months after the publication of this Con- 
vention in the said colonies, whether they wish to be considered 

as such. 

Double Mortgages, 

Art. IX. In all cases where both Dutch and British subjects 
have Mortgages upon the same property in the said colonies, the 
quantity of produce to be consigned to the different mortgagees, 
shall be in proportion to the amount of the debts respectively 
due to them. 

Annual Lists of Proprietors and Estates. 

Art. X. In order more easily to carry into effect, and the 
better to ensm-e the execution of the provisions of this Conven- 
tion, it is agreed, that exact and specific Lists shall be made out 
every year, by order of the King of the Netherlands, containing 
the names and places of abode of the Proprietors resident in the 
Netherlands, together with the name and description of the Estate 
belonging to them respectively, specifying whether the same Ix) 
a sugar or other plantation, and wliether the whole or only part 
of the Estate belongs to the Proprietor in question : similar Lists 

800 



No. 32] OREAT BRITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [12 Aug., 1815. 
[Dntoh Proprietors. Demerara, EBseqtiibo, and Berbioe.] 

shall also be made out of the existing Mortgages on estates, in 
as far as these mortgages are held by Dutch subjects, speci- 
fying the amount of the debt on Mortgage, either actually 
existing, or to be made out by virtue of the provisions of 
Article IV. 

These lists shall be delivered over to the British Government, 
and shall be sent to the Colonies in question, in order to make out 
from them, in conjunction with a list of the Dutch Proprietors 
resident in the said Colonies, the whole amount of the Dut<;h 
population and property on interest in the said Colonies. 

Berhice Association, 

Art. XL His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, having 
represented to His Britannic Majesty that the Company of Dutch 
Merchants and others (styling themselves the Berbioe Associa- 
tion), have a just claim to certain Estates formerly settled by 
them in the colony of Berbico, of which they were dispossessed 
by the Revolutionary Government of Holland, and which, on the 
capture of the said colony by Ilis Britannic Majesty, were con- 
sidered as Government property ; his Britunuic Majesty engages 
to restore to the said Berbice Association, within six months after 
the exchange of the ratifications of the present Convention, the 
Estates of Dufjeraad^ Dankhaarheid, Johanna^ and Sandvoort^ 
together with all the Negroes and stock now actually employed 
upon the same ; such restoration to be in full compensation and 
satisfaction of all claims which the said Association may have, or 
may pretend to have, against Ilis Britannic Majesty or his sub- 
jects, on account of any proi^erty heretofore belonging to them 
in the Colony of Ik^rbice. 

Judicial Decisions^ <Jr. 

Art. XII. All questions of a private nature, relating to such 
Proi)erty as conies within the operation of this Convention, shall 
be decided by c-ompetont judicial authority, according to the laws 
in force in the said colonies. 

Fairness and Impartiality, 

Art. XIII. His Britannic Majesty engages, that the utmost 
fairness and impartiality shall be shewn in all matters affecting 
the rights and interests of D:itcli Proprietoi-s. 

301 



12 Aug. 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [No. 32 
[Dutch Proprietors. Demerara, Esseqnibo, and Berbice.] 

Modifications. 

Art. XIV. The two High ContractiDg Parties reserve to 
themselves the power of making such future modifications in the 
present Convention as experience may point out to be desirable 
for the interest of both. 

Operation oj Treaty. 

Art. XV. Lastly, it is agreed, that the provisions of this Con- 
vention shall be in force from the date of the exchange of the rati- 
fications. 

jRatifications. 

Abt. XVI. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the 
ratifications thereof shall be exchanged in London, within 3 
weeks from the date thei'eof, or sooner, if possible. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at London, the 12th of August^ in the year of Our Lord 
1815. 

(L.S.) BATHURST. 
(L.S.) W. FAGEL. 



See Netherlands Decree of 21st December, 1815. " State Papers," 
vol. iii, p. 770 ; and Acts of the British Parliament, 5G Geo. Ill, 
c. 91, 2Gth June, 181G; and 1 Geo. IV, c. 34, 8th July, 1820. 



no2 



No. 33] FRANCE AND SARDINIA. [19 Sept, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 



No. 33. — TREATY between France and Sardinia, SignM 

at Parisy 19th September, 181.5. 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. 

1. Restoration of part of Savoy to Sardinia. 

2. Date of Delivery. 

3. Ratifications. 

Secret Article, 

Conditions of Restitution of part of Savoy to Sardinia. 

(Translation.) 

flis Majesty the King of France and Navarre, and His 
Majesty the King of Sardinia wishing, by the restitution to His 
said Majesty the King of Sardinia of the part of Savoy which 
had been left to France by the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 
1814 (No. 1), to cause all occasion of disunion and misunder- 
standing which might arise between them to disappear, have for 
that purpose appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, namely : 

His Majesty the King of France and of Navarre, the Sieur 
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, Prince de B^u^veut, 
&c. ; 

And His Majesty the King of Sardinia, Count Thaon Revel 
do Pralong, his Minister Plenipotentiary to His Most Christian 
Majesty, &c. ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Pull Powers, found to be 
in good and duo form, have agreed upon the following Articles : 

Restoration of Part of Savoy to Sardinia, 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of France and of Navarre 
restores to His Majesty the King of Sardinia the part of Savoy 
which had been left to Franco by the Treaty of 30th May, 1814 
(No. 1). 

Date of Delivery, 

Art. II. The delivery of the above-mentioned part of Savoy 
shall take place within 15 days after the Exchange of the Ratifi- 
cations of the present Treaty. 

Ratifcations, 

Art. III. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratiii- 

303 



19 Sept., 1815.] FRANCE AND SARDINIA. [No. 33 

[Territorial.] 

cations thereof shall be exchanged at Paris within the delay of 
one month, or sooner, if possible. 

In testimony whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it and have aflSxed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, 19th September, 1815. 

(L.S.) PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 
(L.S.) TIIAON REVEL. 



Secret Article. 
Conditions of Restitution of Fart of Savoy to Sardinia. 

The restitution of the part of Savoy which had been left to 
France, stipulated in the Articles of the Treaty of this day, shall 
take place only under the following conditions : 

1st. That His Majesty the King of Sardinia shall not make to 
any Power whatever any cession which may be considered as an 
equivalent for the part of Savoy which is restored to him ; so 
that His said Majesty may enjoy the fuU benefit of the cession 
made to him by His Most Christian Majesty. 

2nd. That the Possessions of His Majesty the King of Sar- 
dinia shall remain the same as they were fixed by the Treaty of 
30th May, 1814 (No. 1), and by the Arrangements agreed upon 
by the Congress of Vienna (No. 27). 

The present Secret Article shall have the same force and 
value as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty of this 
day. It shall be ratified and the Ratifications thereof shall be 
exchanged at the same time. 

In testunony whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, 19th September, 1815. 

(L.S.) PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 
(L.S.) THAON REVEL. 



304 



No. 34] PRUSSIA AND SAXE-WEIMAR. [22 Sept., 1815. 

[Territorial.] 



No. Z^.— TERRITORIAL CONVENTION between 
Prus»ia and Scuce- Weimar. Signed at Paris, 22nd Sep- 
tembevy 1815. 

Abt. Table. 

1. Cessions made and to be made by Prusna^ in conformity with the Treaty 

of Ist June, 1815. 

2. Cessions to be obtained by Prussia from the Elector of Kesse in favour 

of the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar. 

3. Renunciation made by the Grand Dukoof Saxe-Weintar, in consideration 

of the Ceded Territories. 

4. Exchange of tlie Tillages of Ndda and RingUhen, 

5. Cession of certain Rights belonging to the Grand Duke in the Prussian 

part of Erfurth, 

6. Redemption of the Revenues of JBischoffsrod^ and ProlsteizeUa. 

7. Cession of Rights belonging to the King of Prussia^ as Soveroign of 

Erfurihj in the Territories of the Grand Duke. 

8. Nanrigation of the Rivers Cnstrut and Oera, 

9. Right of Passage by certain Military Routes ceded to Prussia. 

10. Obligations imposed on Prussia in regard to the ceded parts of the King- 

dom of Saxony accepted by the Grand Duke. 

11. Surrender of Archives, Distribution of Debts. 

12. Engagements in regard to the Grand Duchy of Frankfort on the part of 

the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, 

13. Commission reciprocally appointed to arrange the stipulations of Articles 

X, XI, and XII. 

14. Liquidation of the Claims of Weimar of 1805 and 1800. 

15. Exchange of Ratificatious. 

(Translation.*) 

His Majesty the King- of Prussia, and Ilis Royal Iliglincs.^ 
the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weiniar-Eisonacli, reoii)rocally inclined, 
in pursuance of the Preliminary Convention of 1st June this year 
(No. 24), to settle more precisely, and to carry into execution by a 
s{)ecial State Treaty, those conditions which were determined at the 
Congress of Vienna in favour of His Royal Highness the (hand 
Duke, and of which the fulfilment has been undertaken by llis 
Majesty the King, have therefore appointed Pleniix)tentiaries to 
agree to, decide, and sign everything relating to this matter, that 
is to say : 

His Majesty the King of Prussia His State Chancellor Prince 
von Hardcnberg, Knight of the Royal Prussian Order of tlie 

• For French Translation, see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 9-14. 

305 X 



22 Sept., 181$.] TRUSSU AND SAXE-WEIMAK. [No, 34 

[Territorial.] 

Gi*eat Black and Red Eagle, &c. ; and Charles William, Baron 
von Humboldt, Ilis Minister of State, Chamberlain, Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Imperial Royal 
Apostolic Majesty, Ac. ; and 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weunar- 
Eisenach, Ernest Augustus, Baron von Gersdorff, His Acting 
Privy Councillor in the Ministry ; 

Who, after having found their Full Powers in good and proper 
form, and exchanged them with each other, have agreed to the 
following Articles : 

Cessiofis made and to he niade hj Pinissia^ in conformity with the 

Treatji of \st June, 1815. 

iVRT. I. His Majesty the King of Pmssia havmg already, by 
the Treaty of the 1st of June last (No. 24), ceded to His Royal 
Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach : 

1. The Lordship of Blankenhayn, with the exception of the 
bailiwick of Wandersleben, which remains with Prussia, but in- 
cluding the detached village of Remssla ; 

2. The lower lordship of Kranichfeld ; 

3. The former Commanderies of the GJerman Orders of ZwsBtzen, 
Lehesten, and Liebstadt, with the whole of their revenues, so far 
as they belong to the bailiwick of Eckartsberga, and form enclaves 
in the Weimar territoiy, and also all the other districts belonging 
to the said bailiwick and enclosed in the principality of Weimar ; 

4. The bailiwick of Tautenburg, witli the exception of the dis- 
tricts of Droizen, Gorschen, Wethaburg, Wetterscheid, and Woll- 
schiitz, which remain with Prussia ; 

5. The districts of J5erlstedt and part of Klein-Brembach, 
belonging to Si^hloss-Vippach, in the Erfurth territory ; 

He adds to these cessions the following : 

G. The Neustadt Circle, belongmg to His Duchy of Saxony, 
within the boundaries existing at the time of the signature of the 
present Treaty, but with the exception of all that which lies to 
the west and south of a line which cuts through the said circle 
from that of Saalfield up to the Russian frontier, in such wise 
that the districts of Rohmen, Dabritz, Grabengereut, Laaske, 
Posen, Keule, Tausa, Schondorf, and Volkmannsdorf, with their 
lands, come to Weimar; and the district«i of Podelwitz, Cierte- 
witz, SfH'biuh, Behren, Schmorda, Moxa, Passka, Culmla, Ziegon- 
riick, and Esbach, likewise with their land^*, remain with Prussia. 

:(06 



No. 84] FRUSSU AKB SAXE-WEIMAB. [22 Sept., 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

7. The following detached districts, adjoining or in the neigh- 
bourhood of the Weimar territory, all with their lands : 

rt. Lochstadt, belonging to the bailiwick of Naumburg ; 

b. Damstadt, belonging to the bailiwick of Pforta ; 

c. Widdersrode, Nieder-Trebra, Ober-Reufsen, Nirmsdorf, 
Redersdorf, Ellersleben, Elein-Neuhaussen, 6ro8s*Neuhaussen, 
and Oelisshaussen, of the bailiwick of Eckartsberga ; 

d. Essleben, likewise of the bailiwick of Eckartsberga, of 
which Weimar already possesses the territorial property under 
the sovereignty of Prussia ; 

e. Willerstadt, belonging to the bailiwick of Wendelstein ; 
/. Krannichbom, of the bailiwick of Weisensee. 

8. The following bailiwicks and districts of the Erf urth terri- 
tory: 

a, Schloss-Vippach ; 

h. The villages of Stotternheim and Schwerbom, of the Gis- 
Ijersleben bailiwick ; 

c. The btdliwick of Atzmannsdorf ; 

(L The bwliwick of Danndorf , with the districts of Isserode and 
Hainichen attached thereto. 

9. The cantons or circuits of Dermbach and Oeisa, belonging 
to the Fulda department of the former Grand Duchy of Frankfort, 
within their present boundaries, according to the last territorial 
division. 

His Majesty the Kuig of Prussia renounces for himself, his 
ix)8terity, and successors, the above-mentioned districts and 
places to be ceded, which will for the future be possessed by His 
Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach, with 
all supreme and sovereign rights, and others appertaining thoi-eto. 
As the transfer of the Cessions Nos. 1 to 5 has already taken 
place, the additional ones in Nos. 6, 7, 8, and 9 sh^l be trans- 
ferred within 4 weeks from the signature of this Treaty, or 
l>efore if possible. 

Cefijii'ons to he obtained by Prussia from tfie Elector of Hesse in favour 

of the Grand Duke of Sax&- Weimar, 

Art. II. His Majesty the King of Prussia moi-eover under- 
takes to obtain from His Royal Higliness the Elector of Hesse 
the cession of the following Districts and localities, in favour of 
His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisena'^h. 
namely : — 

n07 X 2 



22 Sept., 1815.] PRUSSIA AND SAXE- WEIMAR. [No. 34 

[Territorial.] 

n. The bailiwick of Frauensee, iiulnding Gosperoda ; 

//. The domain of Volkershauscii ; 

c. Tlie domain of Lengsfeld ; 

<L The bailiwick of Vacha, including the town of Vacha with 
the prefectm^ of Kreuzberg, but excluding the districts of Kreuz- 
berg, Philippsthal, Thalhausen, Nippe, IlUlartshausen, Rohrich, 
and Neuroda; 

€. The districts of Dippech, Gesterode, Vitzerode, and Abte- 
rcKle, of the Friedewald bailiwick ; 

/. The village of Wenigentaft. 

His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse will transfer the 
same to His Royal Higlmess the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar- 
Eisenach for everlasting and inxjvocable possession, with all the 
supreme, sovereign, feudal, domanial and other rights which he, 
the Elector, possessed therein, or as appertaining thereto, on the 
1st jf August last, and the transfer shall take place as soon as 
possible, and within six weeks at latest. 

Renunc'^^tiov made h// the Grand Duke of Suxe^Wtiinar^ in con' 

8tdera(iov of (he ceded territories. 

Art. hi. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Wei- 
mar-Eisenach, on the other hand, declares himself entirely satisfie<l 
with the above mentioned districts and places falling to his share 
according to Articles I and II, for the increase of 50,000 inhabitants 
awarded to him in accordance with the Resolutions of the Congress 
of Vienna (No. 27), and which His Majesty the King of Prussia 
imdertook to assign to him, and with another population of 27,000 
inhabitants to be granted to him from the former department of 
Pulda. He engages for his posterity and successors, after having 
received the districts and places falling to his share according to 
Articles I and II of the present Treaty, never to make any further 
claim upon His Majesty the King of Pnissia on account of the 
aforesaid increase of 77,000 inhabitants altogether, nor upon any 
l)ossessor of a share of the department of Fulda. 

Exchnntje of the VUhtges of Xada and Jlintjlchin, 

Art. IV, As it has been agreed to exchange the Villag-es of 
Nada and Ringleben with their lands and all the rights and 
revenues appertaining thereto, His Majesty the King resigns the 
first, and His Royal Highness the Grand Duke the second, recipro- 

308 



\ 



22 Sepii 1816.] PBUSSIA AND SAXEWBISUB. [Mo. M 

[Territorial.] 

taxes, nor will he place any obstacles in the way of their use 
by Prussian subjects. 

Right of Passage by certain Militai^ Routes ceded to Prussia, 

Art. IX. His Highness the Grand Duke undertakes to grant 
to the Prussian Monarchy the use of the following Military Roads 
in time of war and peace : — 

1. Along the great Frankfort causeway from Leipsig by 
Weimar and Erfurth to Eisenach, from whence the transport wUl 
be either by Berka to Hersfeld, or by Vach to Fulda, as is to 
be arranged by a further Convention ; 

2. Prom Prussian Thuringia by Buttstadt to Erfurth ; 

3. From Gera by Amua to Schleitz and Gef all ; 

4. A Road to be hereafter definitely arranged from the Prussian 
territory into that part of the Neustadt Circle, which is not ceded 
to Weimar by the present Treaty. 

The rights appertaining to Prussia on all these Military Roads, 
as well as the reciprocal engagements connected therewith, shall 
be determined in the same manner as has been done for the Mili- 
tary Roads passing through the kmgdom of Hanover (No. 21), 
between the Prussian and Hanoverian Governments. 

Ohligations imposed on Prussia^ in regard to the ceded parts of the 
Kingdom of Saxony^ accepted by the Grand Duke, 

Art, X. As His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- 
Weimar-Eisenach receives districts and portions of territory which 
have been transferred from the kingdom of Saxony to the Prus- 
sian Monarchy, His Royal Highness acquires all the rights ceded 
to Prussia with those districts, and undertakes all the engagements 
undertaken by Prussia in regard thereto, in so far as they, by the 
present Treaty, and that of the 1st of June last, relate or are 
applicable to the Saxon districts ceded to Weimar^^ 

His Royal Highness therefore acknowledges, iuVespect to the 
said territory, all the stipulations as valid for hiinsJlf which are 
contained in the Treaty concluded between Saxony and Prussia on 
the 13th of May, 1815 (No. 16), and especially thosein Articles 
VI, VII, IX, X, XI, and XVIII, in regard to the Archives^ debts, 
Exchequer bills, central tax, pensions. Exchequer balances, ^(Sfile- 
siastical foundations, and other sunilar matters, or those which 
are still to be determined by the Commission to be appointed in kp- 
oordanco with Article XIV of the said Treaty, His Royal Highneslfe^ 

310 



\ 






No. 34] PAUSSU AND SAXE-WEIMAB. [22 Sept, 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

undertakes all the engagements arising therefrom, and His Majesty 
the King of Prussia gives up to him all the rights connected there- 
with. In special regard to the Neustadt circle divided between 
Prussia and Weimar by the present Treaty, all the burdens and 
advantages thereby appertaining to the whole Circle will be 
divided between the two shares according to the principles adopted 
in the cessions made by Saxony to Prussia, and the same is 
applicable to the ceded portions of separate bailiwicks of other 
Circles. 

Surrender of Archives ^ Distribution of Debts, 

Art, XL All Documents and Papers wliich exclusively relate 
to the districts and places fornieily bel ngin^* to Erfm-th and now 
ceded to Weimar, will be delivered up to the Grand Ducal Weimar 
Government within three months from the date of the signature 
of this Treaty, and attested copies of such documents as relate 
not exclusively but partially to the said districts will be furnished 
on demand. 

In regard to the Debts and burdens, His Royal Highness 
undertakes not only those specially incumbent on the ceded 
districts, but also a share of the general debts and burdens of the 
whole province, to be determined according to the analogy of the 
principles mentioned in the preceding Article. Those principles 
are also to serve as a guide in all other matters which it is neces- 
sary to arrange in consequence of the present cession. 

Engagements in regard to the Grand Dudnj of Frankfort^ on tht* 
part of the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weiniar. 

Art. XII. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- 
Weimar-Eisenach will, in consequence of the obligation under- 
taken in the Treaty of 1st Jime last (No. 24), undertake thf 
obligations attached to the former Grand Duchy of Frankfort and 
appertaining to the new possessors of shai'es thereof, according- 
to the proportion of the 27,000 inhabitants in Fulda, originally 
awarded to him. The same principle is to be applied to the 
special obligations of the Department of Fulda. On the other 
hand, the districts of Electoral Hesse allotted to him according 
to Article II, will pass over to him free from debt. 

Commission reciprocally appointed to Arrange the Stipulations of 

Articles X, XI ^ and XII. 

Art. XIII. The arrangement of the stipulations contained in 

311 



22 Sept., 18150 PBUSSIA AKD SAXE-WEIMAR. [Ho. 34 

[Territorial.] 

Articles X, XI, XII, is to be made by a Commission to be appointed 
by both Parties, and which will assemble at Weimar immediately 
after the territorial transfer, in order to complete the work in the 
shortest possible time. 

Liquidation of the Claims of Weimar o/I805 and 1806. 

Art. XIV. His Majesty the King of Prussia will also have the 
liciuidation of the Weimar claims for maintenance of troops in the 
years 1805 and 1806, brought forward again, and direct the 
settlement thereof, according to circumstances. 

Exchange of Ratifications. 

Art. XV. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations shall be exchanged within 6 weeks from the signature 
thereof. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and affixed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, 22nd September, 1815. 

(L.S.) CHARLES PRINCE V. HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) WILLIAM BARON V. HUMBOLDT. 
(L.S.) ERNEST AUGUSTUS BARON V. GERSDORFF. 



312 



No. 35] HANOVER AND PRUSSIA. [23 Sept., 1815. 

[County of Schatunburfir, LaTienburfir, ftc] 

No. 25.— TERRITORIAL TREATY hetxoeen Hanover 
and Prussia. St'i/ned at Paris, 23r(Z September, 1815. 

Art. Table. 

1. Cession of Lindauy Oieholdshausen, and Dudentadt bj Prussia to Hanover. 

2. JSlbingerode^ Neuhaua^ &c., to be retained by Hanover. 

3. Commission for the Vahuilion of the Exchanges. 

4. Renunciation by Hanover m regard to Sshaumburg, 

5. Renunciation by Prussia of certain Hessian Inclosures in favour of Hanover. 
G. Fulfilment of the Stipulations of the Treaty of 29th May with regard to 

Lauenburff. 

7. Articles VII and VIII of the Treaty of 29th May applied to the pbices 

coded in this Treatr. 

8. Exchange of Ratifications. 

(Translation.) 

In tho name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity. 

IIis Majesty tho King of the United Kingdom of Great 
J^ritain and Ireland, King of Hanover, and His Majesty the King 
of PiTissia, being mutually di8|)0sed, in pursuance of the State 
Treaty concluded between them at Vienna on the 29th May 
of the current year (No. 21), to detennine the compensation 
which is due to the Kingdom of Hanover according to Article III 
of the said Treaty for the Electoral Hessian share of the County 
of Schaumburg, the cession of which it has not been possible to 
obtaui from His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse, have 
a{)pointed Plenipotentiaries to arrange and to sign with each other 
(everything relating to this matter; namely, 

His Majesty the King of tlie United Kingdom of Great 
Hritain and Ireland, King of Hanover, Comit Ernest Christian 
(feorge Augustus von Hardenberg, His State and Cabinet Minis- 
ter, also Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
High Allied Courts, &c. ; and 

His JiFajesty the King of Prussia, His State Chancellor, Prince 
vnn Hardenberg, &c., 

Wlu>, after having recipiocally f<iund their Full Poweis in 
g(Mxl form and exchanged them with each other, have agreed to 
the following Articles :-— 

Ct's.^ioii of Liiulaiu Gii'huhltihausen^ and Dudavtadt' by Prussia to 

Hanover. 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of Prussia cedes to His Majesty 

313 



23 Sept, 1815.] HANOVER AND PBUSSU. tNo. 35 

[County of Sohaumburff, Lauenbury, Ac] 

the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 
King of Hanover, to be possessed by him and his successors hi 
the Kingdom of Hanover, as his and their property, and with full 
supremacy and Sovereignty, the bailiwicks of Lbidau and Giebolds- 
hausen, hitherto belonging to Eichsfeld, and the territory of Du- 
derstadt, also hitheiix) belonging to the same, all to the extent of 
the boundaries shown on the s|x>cial Ma}) of Eichsfeld, by J. G. 
Lmgemami, published at Weimar in 180G. 

His Royal Majesty of Pinissia renomices for himself, his de- 
scendants, and successors the above-mentioned districts hitherto 
belon^ng to Eichsfeld, and all rights appertauilng thereto, and 
will issue orders that tliey shall, as soon as possible, and at the 
latest within 4 weeks from the signing of the present State 
Treaty, be delivered over to His Royal Majesty of Great Britain 
and Hanover. 

Elbingerode^ Neuhaitss^ ^c, to be rttained hij Hanover, 

Akt. II. His Majesty the King of Prussia, moreovei-, renounces 
for himself, his descendants, and successors the right accruing to 
him by the State-Treaty of the 29th of May, of the present year 
1815 (No. 21), mentioned at the begimiing, to the acquisition 
and the hereditary and i>roprietary jKDssession — 

«. Of the bailiwick of Elbingerode ; 

h. And of the bailiwick of Neuhauss, belonging to the Dtichy of 
Lauenburg, together with the Luneburg districts and lands en- 
closed between the said bailiwick and the Mecklenburg territory, 
and situated on the right bank of the Elbe. 

The above-mentioned districts will still belong to the Kingxloni 
of Hanover, as heretofore. 

Cmnmxmon foi^ the Valuation of the Exchaiujtit. 
Art. 111. The districts which, according to Article I, are to be 
delivered over to the Kingdom of Hanover, and those whicii, 
according to Article II are to remain therewith, ai*e intended to 
serve as a compensation to His Royal British and Hanoverian 
Majesty for the Electoral Hessian share of the County of Schauni- 
burg, the cession of which it has not been possible to obtam. As, 
however, there is no doubt that this compensation must have 
reference to the revenue from the said part of Schaumburg, and 
it has not been possible to .^how the sufficiency thereof at the 
time of conclusion of the present St^te-Treaty, both Powers have 
agreed to appoint Commissioners at the time of the transfer of 

3M 



No. M] HANOVEE AND PEUS8IA. [28 Bept, 1815. 

[Opunty of Sohaumburfr, Lauenburv, fto.] 

the districts to be ceded, who shall meet at Hanover and proceed 
umntemiptedly to make, as soon as ix)ssible, a satisfactory com- 
parison between the revenues from the Electoral Hessian share of 
the Comity of Schamnburg and the revenues from the districts 
mentioned in Articles I and II of the present Treaty. Should 
this comparison show that the revenues from the districts men- 
tioned in Aiiides I and II do not afford a complete compensation 
for the revenues from the Electoral Hessian share of the County 
of Schaumburg, then both Parties will, without delay, agree as to 
how the completion of the compensation, which in this case will 
be the duty of Prussia, shall be effected. 

Renunciation by Hanover in regard to Schauinburg. 
Akt. IV. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, makes Renunciation 
for himself and his descendants and his successors, in consideration 
of the compensation stipulated above in Articles I, II, and III, of 
the right accruing to him from the State-Treaty of the 29th of 
May of the present year 1815, mentioned at the beginning, to 
the hereditary and proprietary possession of the Electoral-Hessian 
share of the County of Schaumbiu*g, and promises, after the com- 
plete accomplishment of the said compensation, never to make 
any claim whatever on that account against His Majesty the King 
of Prussia by reason of the above-mentioned Treaty. 

Renunciation of certain Hessian Inclosures by Prussia in favour of 

Hanover. 

Art. V. As His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse, and 
His Serene Highness the Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenburg, having 
consented to cede to Prussia the Lordship of Plessen, with the 
Monastery of Hockelheim, as well as Neuengleichen, and the bidli- 
wicks of Uechte, Freudenberg, and Auburg, which last has also 
been called Wagenfeld, with all the respective supreme, sovereign, 
feudal, domamal, and other rights belonging to their Royal and 
Serene Highnesses, or which they have hitherto possessed as 
appurtenances thereof ; and to transfer them within 4. weeks from 
the Ratification of the Treaty relating thereto, His Majesty the 
King of Prussia hereby engages to assign the above-mentioned 
districts, in accordance with the State-Treaty of the 29th of May 
of the present year (No. 21), to the Kingdom of Hanover, imme- 
diately upon their ti'ansfer by the two Hessian Houses, and just 
as he has received them. 

315 



23 Sept, 1815.] HANOVER AKD PRUSSIA. [Ho. 35 

[Oounty of Sohaumburfir, Lanenburflry fte.] 

Fulfihient of the Stipulations of the Treaty of 20th May with regard 

to Lauenhnrg, 

Art. VI. Ilis Majesty tlie King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, declares the condi- 
tions upon which the transfer of the part of the Duchy of Lauen- 
burg, situated on the right bank of the Elbe, and the Lauen- 
burg districts and lands also situated on the right bank of the 
Elbe, were made dci)endent in the State-Ti-eaty of 29th May of this 
year (No. 21), to he fulfilled by the stipulations in Articles I, II, 
III, and V of the present Treaty, and hereby engages to have the 
said part of the Duchy of Lauenburg and the Lauenburg districts 
and lands situated on the right bank of the Elbe, but with the 
exception of the district wliich, accorduig to the above Article II, 
is to remain with Hanover, delivered over, without further demur, 
at the same time as the transfer of the Eichsfeld and Hessian dis- 
trictu, and to issue immediate orders to his authorities for that 
purpose. 

Articles VII aiid VIII of the Treaty of 29th May applied to the 

places Ceded in this TrecOy, 

Art. VII. Articles VII and VIII of the Ti-eaty of the 29th of 
May of the present year 1815 (No, 21), mentioned at the begin- 
ning, are also applicable to all Districts which, according to the 
present State-Treaty, serve as compensation for the Electoral- 
Ilessian part of the County of Schaumburg. 

Exchange of the Ratifications, 

Art. VIIL The present State-Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications thereof shall be exchanged within four weeks, or 

before if it may be. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it and sealed it with then* arms. 

Done at Paris, the 23rd of Sopteml)er, 1815. 

(L.S.) ERNEST, COUNT VON IIARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) CHARLES, PRINCE VON IIARDENBERG. 



31G 



No. 361 AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AXD RUSSIA. [26 Sept., 1815. 

[Holy Alliance.] 



No. 36. — TREATY between Austria., Prussuty and Russia. 
Signed at Parisy ^th September^ 1815. 

Art. Table. 

Preamble. 

Holy Alliance of Sorereigns oi Austria^ Prussiaj and JRu99ia. 
Qoremment and Political Relations. 

1. Principles of the Christian Religion. 

2. Fraternity and Affection. 

3. Accession of Foreign Powera. 

Invitation to Prince Regent of Great Britain to a<rcedo. 
His Rojal Highncss's Reply. 

(Trauslation,*) 
In the name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity. 

Iloli/ Alliance of Sovereigns of Amtria^ Prussia^ and Russia, 

TuEiR Majesties the Emperor of Austria, the King of Pmssia, 
and the Emperor of Russia, having, in consequence of the great 
events which have marked the course of the three last years in 
Europe, and especially of the blessings which it has pleased 
Divine Providence to shower down upon those States which place 
their confidence and their hope on it alone, acquired the intimate 
conviction of the necessity of settling the steps to be observed 
by the Powers, in their reciprocal relations, upon the sublime 
truths which the Holy Religion of our Saviour teaches ; 

Government and Political Relations, 

They solemnly declare that the present Act has no other ob- 
ject than to publish, in the face of the whole world, their fixed 
resolution, both in the administration of their respective States, 
and in their political relations with eveiy other Government, to 
take for their sole guide the precepts of that Holy Religion, 
namely, the precepts of Justice, Christian Charity, and Peace, 
which, far from being applicable only to private concerns, must 
have an immediate influence on the councils of Princes, and guide 
all their steps, as being the only means of consolidating human 
institutions and remedying their imperfections. In consequence, 
then: Majesties have agreed on the following Articles :— 

• Fop French version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 211. 

317 



26 Sept.,1815.] AUSTRIA, PRUSSU, AND RUSSIA. [Ho. 36 

[Holy Alliance.] 

Principles of the Christian Religion, 

Art. I. Conformably to the words of the Iloly Scriptures, 
which command all men to consider each other as brethren, the 
Three contracting Monarchs will remain united by the bonds of a 
true and indissoluble fraternity, and considering each other as 
fellow countrymen, they will, on all occasions and in all places, 
lend each other aid and assistance ; and, regarding themselves 
towards their subjects and armies as fathers of families, they will 
lead them, in the same spirit of fraternity with which they are 
animated, to protect Religion, Peace, and Justice. 

Fraternity and Affection. 

Art. II. In consequence, the sole principle of force, whether 
between the said Governments or between their Subjects, shall be 
that of doing each other reciprocal service, and of testifying by 
unalterable good will the mutual affection with which they ought 
to be animated, to consider themselves all as members of one and 
the same Christian nation ; the three allied Princes looking on 
themselves as merely delegated by Providence to govern three 
branches of the One family, namely, Austria, Prussia, and 
Russia, thus confessing that the Christian world, of which they 
and their people form a part, has in reality no other Sovereign 
tTAn Him -to-^^ho m^al one power really belongs, because in Him 
alone are found alTthe'lreafiwes of love, science, and infinite 
wisdom, that is to say, God, our Divine Saviour, the Word of the 
Most High, the Word of Life. Their Majesties coneequently re- 
commend to their people, with the most tender solicitude, fts the 
sole means of enjoying that Peace \>ihich arises from a gpoA 
conscience, and which alone is durable, to strengthen themsel^TCs 
every day more and more in the principles and exercise of tr^ 
duties which the Divine Saviour has taught to mankind. 



\ 



Accession of Foreign Powers, 

Art. III. All the Powers who shall choose solemnly to avow 
the sacred principles which have dictated the present Act, and 
shall acknowledge how important it is for the happiness of 
nations, too long agitated, that these truths should henceforth 
exercise over the destinies of mankind all the influence which 
belongs to them, will be i-eceived with equal ardour and affection 
into this Holy Alliance. 

318 



No. 36] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. [26 Sept., 1815. 

[Holy Alliance.] 

Done in triplicate, and signed at Paris, the year of Grace 1815. 
J^th September. 

(L.S.) FRANCIS. 

(L.S.) FREDERICK WILLIAM. 

(L.S.) ALEXANDER. 



[It is stated in " Martens' Treaties " that the greater part of 
the Christian Powers acceded to this Treaty. France acceded to 
it in 1815; the Netherlands and Wurtemberg did so in 181G; 
.and Saxony, Switzerland, and the Hanse Towns in 1817. But 
neither the Pope nor the Sultan were invited to accede.] 

The following is a copy of the Invitation sent to the Prince 
Regent of Great Britain to accede ; and of His Royal Ilighuess's 
reply. 

(1.) — The Sovereigns of Austria^ Prussia^ and Russia to the Prince 

Refjent of Great Britain. 

(Translation.) Paris^ 26th September, 1815. 

Sir our Brother and Cousin, 

The events which have afflicted the world for more than 
20 years have convinced us that the only means of putting 
an end to them is to be found in the most free and most intimate 
Union between the Sovereigns whom Divine Providence has placed 
over the heads of the Peoples of Europe. 

The history of the three memorable years which are about 
to pass away, bear witness to the beneficial effects of which this 
union has been for the good of mankind ; but in order to assure 
to this bond the solidity which the gjandeur and the purity of the 
aim to which it tends imperiously demands, we have thought it 
should be founded on the sacred principles of the Christian Religion. 

Deeply convinced of this important tmth, we have concluded 
and signed the Act which we now submit to the consideration of 
your Royal Highness. Your Royal Highness may be assured 
that its object is to strengthen the relations which unite us, in 
forming of all the nations of Christendom one single Family, and 
assuring them by this, under the protection of the Almighty, 
happiness, security, the benefits of peace, and the bonds of 
fraternity for ever indissoluble. We deeply regretted that your 
Royal Highness was not united with us at the important moment 
when we concluded this transaction. We invite you, as our first 
and most intimate Ally, to agree with it, and to complete a work 

319 



26 Sept, 1815.] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, A>'D RUSSIA. [No. 36 

[Holy Alliance.] 

singularly consecrated to the good of mankind, and which we 

ought to consider the best reward for our efforts. 

FRANCIS. 

FREDERICK WILLIAM. 
ALEXANDER. 
Our BrotJier and Cousin^ 

Tlie Prince Regent of Great Britain, 



{2,)^The Prince Regent of Great Britain to the Sovereigns of 
Austria^ Prussia, and Russia, respectively, 

Carlton Hottse^ 0th October, 1815. 
Sm MT Brother and Cousin, 

I HAVE had the honour of receiving your Imperial Majesty's 
letter, together with the copy of the Treaty signed by your 
Majesty and your august Allies, at Paris, on the 26th of September. 

As the forms of the British Constitution, which I am called upon 
to administer in the name and on the behalf of the King, my father, 
preclude me from acccdmg formally to this Treaty, in the shape in 
which it has been presented to me, I adopt this course of conveying 
to the august Sovereigns who have signed it, my entire concurrence 
in the principles they have laid down, and in the declaration which 
they have set forth, of making the Divine Precepts of the Christian 
Religion the invariable rule of their conduct, in all their relations, 
social and political, and of cementing the union which ought ever 
to subsist between all Christian Nations ; and it will be always my 
earnest endeavour to regulate my conduct, in the station in 
which Divine Providence has vouchsafed to place me, by those 
sacred maxims, and to co-operate with my august Allies in all 
measures which may be likely to contribute to the peace and 
happiness of mankind. 

With the most invariable sentiments of friendship and affection, 

I am, 

J^ir, my Brother and Cousin, 

Your Imperial Majesty's 

good Brother and Cousin, 

His Imperial Majei^tjf GEORGE, P.R. 

2'he Emperor of Austria, 
(Prussia and Russia respectively,) 

[This Alliance was referred to in the Circular addressed by 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia to Foreign Courts, dated Troppnu, 
8th December, 1820.] 



320 



No. 37] PRUSSIA AND UESSECASSEL. [16 Oct., 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

No. 21.— TERRITORIAL TREATY between Prussia and 
Hesse-CasseL Signed at Cassel, 16/A October^ 1815.* 

Art. Table. 

Freamblo. Ecference to Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

1. CesaioiiB by Pmtsia to Hesse- Cassel, 

2. Cessions by Sesse- Cassel to Prussia and Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. 

3. Prussian Indemnity to the Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenburg. 

4. Indemnities to the Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenhurg and to the Elector of 

Hesse, 

5. Stipulations in regard to the Cessions by Hesse- Cassel to Saxe-Weimar- 

JEisenach, 

6. The Elector of Hesse resumes possession of Lengsfeld, &e. 

7. l^ruBsian Indemnities of a Part of the Department of Fidda. 

8. liquidation of the Indemnities. Contributions. 

9. Costa of the Central Functionaries. 

10. Bhine Tolls. 

11. Postal Berenues. 

12. Feudal Bights. 

13. Mortgaged Debts. 

14. Unliquidated Debt«. 

15. Arrears of Interest. 

16. Bents and Pensions. 

17. Communal Debts and Charges. 

18. Bestitution of the four Bailiwicks of Hanau to the Elector of Hesse. 

19. Indemnity to the LandgraTC of Hesse- JRothenhurg for the Domanial 

Beyenue. 

20. Mode of this Indemnification. 

21. Possessions of which the Bevenuc will furuitih the Indemnity to the 

Landgrave of HesseSothenhurg. 

22. Mode of Possessing the Indemnity. 

23. Execution of the Convention. 

24. Civil Functionaries in OfHce. 

25. Validity of the Arrangements made before the Ist of August. 
.26. Cession of the Arrears of Taxes to the new Possessors. 

27. Transfer of the Military to the new Sovereign. 

28. Military Boutes for Prussia, 

29. Guarantee by Prussia in favour of the Elector of Hesse and the Grand 

Duke of Saxe- Weimar, 
80. Exchange of Batifications. 

(Translation.) 

Preamble, Reference to Vienna Congress I'reaty ofdth June, 1815. 

In the name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity. 

His Majesty the King of Prussia and llis Royal Highness 

the Elector of Hesse, on both sides inclined to facilitate the 

• See also Treaty of 2ith March, 1816. 

' :V2l Y 



16 Oct., 1815.] PRUSSIA AND HESSECASSEL. [No. 37 

[Territorial.] 

arrangements in North Germany, found to be necessary in con- 
sequence of the transactions of the Vienna Congress (No. 27), by 
a friendly Convention on the appropriate territorial changes, have 
appointed Plenipotentiaries to agree to, determine, and sign what 
has reference thereto, that is to say : 

His Majesty the Kmg of Prussia, President Conrad Sieg- 
mund Karl von Ilanlein, his Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary at the Hessian and Nassau Courts, Knight of the 
lioyal Prussian Order of the Red Eagle and of the Iron Cross, as 
also of the Ilesse-Cassel Order of the Golden Lion ; 

And His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse, Georg Ferdi- 
nand von Lepel, his Privy Councillor and Chamberlain ; 

Who, after having redprocally exchanged their full powers 
with each other, and found them in good and due form, have 
agreed upon the following Articles : 

Cessto7is hy Prussia to Hesse- CasseL 

AuT. I. His Majesty the King of Prussia cedes to His Royal 
Highness the Elector of Hesse that part of the Department of 
Fulda which belonged to the former Grand Duchy of Frankfort, 
and which has been assigned to him by the Act of the Congress of 
Vienna (No. 27), with the exception, however, of the districts of 
Dermbach and Geysa, which, with their boundaries according to 
the existing territorial division, pass over to the Grand Duke of 
Saxe-Wcunar-Eisenach. His Majesty also transfers to His Royal 
Highness the Elector, the Knightly Jurisdictions of Lengsfeld, 
Mannabach, Buchenau, and Werda, with the village of Wenigeu- 
taft, the possession of which he likewise obtains by the said Act 
of Congress. His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse will have 
possession of the aforesaid provinces, districts, and places, for 
himself, his descendants, and successors, with all sovereign, 
supi-eme, feudal, domanial, and other rights which have been 
con\'eyed to His Majesty the King of Pnissia for this purpose 
by the Act of the Congress of Vienna. 

Cessions hi/ Ilesse-Cassel to Prussia and Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach.^ 

Art, II. His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse, on the 
other hand, cedes to His Majesty the King of Prussia, his 
descendants, and successors, the Lower County of Catzeneln- 
bogen, the Lordship of Plessen, including the Monastery of 
Hockelheim, the Bailiwicks of Neuenglcichen, Uechtc, Auburg, 

* Sco also Art. VI. 
322 



No. 37] PRUSSIA AND HESSE-CASSEL. [16 Oct., 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

and Freudenberg, and the Provostship of GoUingen, with all 
sovei-eign, supreme, feudal, domanial, and other rights, which His 
Highness possessed therein, or as appertaining thereto, on the 
1st of August this year. In exactly the same manner, ho cedes 
to His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar- 
Eisenach, his descendants and successors, the Bailiwick of 
Prauensee, including Gosperoda, the Jurisdiction of Yolkershausen, 
the Jurisdiction of Lengsfeld, the Bailiwick of Vacha, including 
the town of Vacha, with the Prefecture of Kreuzberg, but except- 
ing the districts of Kreuzberg, Philippsthal, Thalhausen, Nippen, 
Hillartshauscn, R6hrich,jttnd Unter-Neurode ; of the Bailiwick of 
Priedewald, the districts of Dippach, Gestcrode, Vitzerode, and 
Abtarode, and the village of Wenigentaft. 

Prussian Indemnity to the Landgrave of Hesse'Rothenhnrg. 

Art. hi. His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse agrees, 
that His Majesty the King of Prussia may, by a free Convention 
with the Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenburg,* obtain the everlasting 
and irrevocable free property in all those rights and emoluments 
which he may have possessed on the 1st of August this year by 
virtue of the family Treaties, in the possessions or their appurte- 
nances to be transferred to him according to the preceding 
Article. His Majesty the King of Prussia, on the other hand, 
undertakes the full guarantee that on the part of the Landgrave 
of Hesse-Rothenburg no objection shall be raised against the 
cession agreed to by His Royal Highness the Elector, accord- 
ing to the preceding Article. 

Art. IV. Indemnities to the iMndgrave of Hesse'Rothenhurg and 
to the Elector of Hesse for loss of Revenue, 

Stip\ilations in regard to the Cessions hy Ilesse-Cassel to Saxe- 

Weimav'Eisenach . 

Art. V. The cession to Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach described in 
Article II is to be considered as an exchange of equal popu- 
lation for equal population founded upon equal reciprocal 
necessity. His Royal Highness the Elector will therefore Select 
the like number of people in the Fulda districts situated next 
to the Weimar territory, as full compensation for that cession, 

• See also Treaty between Prussia and Uessc-Rcthcnburg, of the same 
date. Appendix. 

323 Y 2 



16 Oct., 1815.] PRUSSIA AND HESSE-CASSEL. [No. 37 

[Territorial.] 

and no account is to be taken of loss of revenue in regard 
thereto. IDs Royal Iligliness the Grand Duke will contribute 
in the same proportion to all obligations resting upon the 
whole foimer Grand Duchy of Frankfort, as well as upon its 
department of Fulda specially, and which are transferred to the 
present or future possessors of territorial shares belonging 
thereto, as if he had actually received in Fulda the whole of 
the 27,000 inhabitants assigned to hira by the Act of Con- 
gress. On the other hand. His Royal Highness the Elector 
will only take part in those obligations to such extent as if he 
were merely possessor of that part of^ the district of Fulda 
assigned to Prussia which would remain after the deduction of 
the said 27,000 inhabitants. 

The Elector of Hesse resumes Possession of Lengsfeldj ^-c. 

Art. VI. The Knightly Jurisdictions of Lengsfeld, Manns- 
bach, Buchenau, and Werda, with the village of Wenigentaft, 
have only passed out of the possession of Hesse-Cassel again in 
consequence of the troubles of war. The re-possession of them 
shall therefore be considered as a simple restitution, and there- 
fore the revenue from them is not to be reckoned as a compensa- 
tion for cessions made by Ilesse-Cassel according to Article II. 

Prussian Indemnities to consist of a Part of the Department of 

Fulda. 

Art. VIL The indemnity assigned by Prussia to Hesse- 
Cassel and Hesse-Rothenburg for the cessions to be made to her 
according to Articles II and III consists, therefore, of that part 
of the district of the department of Fulda ceded to Hesse-Cassel 
according to Article I whicTi remains after the deduction of the 
compensation for the cession to Weimar according to Article V. 

Art. VIII. Liquidation of the Indemnities. Contributions* 

Art. IX. Costs of the Central Functionaries, 

Art. X. Rhine Tolls, 

Art. XI. Postal Revenues, 

Art. XII. Feudal Rights, 

Art XI IL Mortgaged Debts. 

Art XIV. Unliquidated Debts, 

Art. XV. Arrears of Interest, 

Art. XVI. Rents and Pensions. 

Aut. XVII. Communal Debts and Charges, 

324 



No. 37] PRUSSIA AND HESSE-aiSSEL. [16 Oct., 1816 . 

[Territorial.] 

Restitution of the Four Bailiwicks of Ilanan to the Elector of 

Hesse, 

Art. XVIII. His Majesty the King of Prussia undertakes, 
in concurrence with his High Allies, to take immediately the 
most effectual measures, and to continue them without inter- 
mission until the end is fully attained, to reinstate His Royal 
Highness the Elector of Hesse in possession of the four Hanau 
bailiwicks of Babenhausen, Dorheim, Rodheim, Ortenberg, and 
the Communities, in the same state as before the hostile occu- 
pation in the year 1806, as soon as possible. To facilitate the 
proceedings, it has been agreed that His Royal Highness will 
accept a full compensation for the bailiwick of Babenhausen, and 
in the most extreme case also for the bailiwicks of Ortenberg 
and Rodheim and the Communities. This compensation, how- 
ever, can only consist of lands and people, with full sovereignty 
and supremacy, and cannot be settled otherwise than with his 
fuU and free concurrence. 

Art. XIX. Indemnity to the Landgrave of Ilesse-Rothenhurg for 
Vie Domanial Revenue. 

Art. XX. Mode of this Indemnification, 

Art. XXI. Possessions of which the Revenue will furnish the 
Indemnity to the Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenhurg, 

Art. XXII. Mode of Possessing the Indemnity, 

Art. XXIII. Execution of the Convention, 

Art. XXIV. Civil Functionaries in Office. 

Art. XXV. Validity of the Arrangements made before the \st of 
August. 

Art. XXVI. Cession of the Arrears of Taxes^ 4c, to the n^w 
Possessors. 

Art. XXVII. Transfer of the Military to the new Sovereign. 

kSLt. XXVIII. Military Routes for Prussia. 

Art. XXIX. Guarantee by Prussia in favour of the Elector of 
Hesse and the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar. 

Art. XXX. Exchange of Ratifications. 

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries on both sides have 
signed this Treaty, and have affixed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Cassel, the 16th of October, 1815. 

(L.S.) CONRAD SIEGMUND CARL VON HANLEIN. 
(L.S.) GEORG FERDINAND VON LEPEL. 

325 



3 Nov., 1815.] aBBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 38 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, &c.] 



No, QS.— PROTOCOL of Conference between Great Britain, 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia , respecting the Territorial 
^ Arrangements, and Defensive System of the Germanic 
Confederation, Paiis, 3rd November, 1815.* 

[Referred to in D(X5uments Nos. 43 and 48.] 

Abt. Table. 

A. Provisions respecting the Cessions to he made hy France. 

1. Kingdom of the Low Countries {Netherlands), Philippevill^, MarieH" 

hurg, Ac. Pecuniary Indemnity towards tlieir Defence. Pecuniary 
Indemnities to Austria and Prussia. 

2. Acquisitions of Prussia. Fortress of Sarre-Louis, &o, 
8. Acquisitions of Austria. Town and Fortress of Landau, 

4. Helvetic Confederation. Versoy and part of the Pays de Oex to be 

added to Geneva. Neutrality of Switzerland to include Territory 
from Ugina to Lake of Bourget (Upper Savog). 

5. Sardinia, Part of Savoy to be given to Sardinia and part to Geneva, 

Proposed Cessions to Geneva. Custom Houses. Pecuniaiy Indemnity 
to Sardinia. Pecuniary Indemnities to Austria and Prussia, 

B. Provisions respecting the Territorial Arrangenients in 
Gei*maiiy, Austria^ and Prussia, 

6. Cession to King of Prussia in Department of La Sarre. 

7. Arrangements relating to Bavaria. 

8. Austrian Cessions to Grand Duke of Ilense. 

9. Austrian Cession to Bavaria. 

C. Defensive System of the Germanic Confederation, 

10. lllayence. Luxemburg. Landau. Distribution of Sums of Money to 

be dcTOted to the Defensive System of Germany. 

11. Protocol to have same force as a Convention. 

Annexes. 
Austrian Cessions to Prussia. 
Arrangement with Bavaria, 
Territorial Transfers by the Grand Duke of Darmstadt, 

[Translation-t] 
Tub Ministers of the Imperial and Royal Coui-ts of Austria, of 
Russia, of Great Bntaiii, and of Pnissia, having taken into consi- 
deration the measures become necessary by those arrangements 
with France which are to terminate the present War, have agreed 
to lay down, in the present Protocol ; — 

• Initialed on the 3rd, and Signed on the 20th November, 1815. 
t For French Version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 23 !■. 

326 



No. 38] UKJfiAT BKITALN, AU6TKU, &,c. [3 Nov., 1816. 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switserland, Germany, &o.] 

1. The dispositions relative to the tenitorial cessions to U* 
made by France, and to the contributions destined for strengthen- 
ing the line of defence of the bordering States. 

2. Provisions relating to certain changes of Territory in 
Gennany. 

3. Those vrhich relate to the system of Defence of the Ger- 
manic Confederation. 

A. Provisions respecting the Cession to be made hy France, 

Kingdom of the Low Countries {Netherlands). PhilippevUle^ Marien^ 

hiirg^ 4'C. 
Art. I. Considering that His Majesty the King of the Low 
Countries ought to participate in a just proportion in the advan- 
tages resulting from the present arrangement with France, and 
considering the state of his Frontiers on the side of that country, 
it is agreed, that tlie Districts which fonued part of the Belgic 
Provinces, of the Bishopric of Liege, and of the Duchy of Bouillon, 
as well as the towns of Philippeville and Marienburg, with their 
Territories, which France is to cede to the Allies, shall be assigned 
to His Majesty the King of the Low Countries, to bo united to his 
dominions. 

Pecuniary Indemnity towards Defence of the Low Countries. 

His Majesty the King of the Low Comitries shall receive, 
moreover, out of that part of the French contribution which is 
destined towards strengthening the line of Defence of tlie States 
bordering upon France, the sum of 60,000,000 of Francs, which 
shall be laid out in fortifying the Frontiers of the Low Countries, 
in confonnity with the plans and regulations which the Powers 
shall settle in this respect. 

Pecuniary Indemnities towards A ustria and P7'ussia. 
It is besides agreed, that in consideration of the advantages 
which IDs Majesty the King of the Low Countries will derive 
from these dispositions, both in the increase of, and in the means 
for defending his territory, that that proportion of the Pecuniary 
Indemnity payable by France to which His said Majesty might 
lay claim shall serve towaixis putting the Indenmities of Austria 
and Prussia on the level of a just proportion. 

Acquisitions of Prussia. Fortress of Sarre^Louis^ ^c. 
Art. II. The districts which, by the new Treaty with Franco, 

327 



3 Nov., 1815.] aREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [No. 38 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switserland, Germany, &c.] 

will be detaclied from the French teriitoiy in the department of 
the Sarre and the Moselle, including the Fortress of Sarre-Louis, 
shall be united to the dominions of the King of Pmssia.* 

Acquisitions of Austria, Toivn and Fortress of Landau,^ 
Art. hi. The tenitories which France is to cede in the depart- 
ment of the Lower Rhuie, including the Town and Fortress of 
Landau,! shall be united to those possessions on the left bank of 
the Rhine which devolve to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty by the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna (No. 27). His 
Majesty may dispose of his possessions on the left bank of the 
Rhine, in the territorial, airangements with Bavaria, and other 
States of the Germanic Confederation.* 

Helvetic Confederation. Versoy and part of the Pays de Gex to be 

added to Geneva, 
Art. IV. Versoy, with that part of the Pays de Gex which is to 
be ceded by France, shall be miited to Switzerland, and form part 
of the Canton of Geneva. 

Neutrality of Sicitzerland to include Territory from Upper Savoy : 

Ugina to Lake of Bourget. 
The Neutrality of Switzerland shall be extended to that terri- 
toiy, which is placed north of a line to be drawn from Ugina 
(including that Town) to the south of the Lake of Annecy, and 
from thence to the Lake of Bomget, as far as the Rhone (No. 43), 
in the same manner as it has been extended to the Provinces of 
Chablais and Faucigny by Article XCII of the Final Act of the 
Congress of Vienna (No. 27). 

Sardinia, Fart of Savoy to be given to Sardinia and part to Geneva, 
Art. V. In order that His Majesty the King of Sardinia may 
participate, in a just proportion, in the advantages resulting from 
the present arrangement with France, it is agreed, that the portion 
of Savoy which remained to France in virtue of the Treaty of Paris 
of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), shall beimited (reunis) to the domi- 
nions of His said Majesty, with the exception of the Commune 
of St. Julian, which shall be given up to the Canton of Geneva. 

Proposed Cessions to Geneva, 
The Cabinets of the Allied Courts will use their good offices for 

• See Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, &c., of 20th July, 1819. 
t See Article VH, § d, and note, p. 5. 

328 



No. 38J GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [3 Nov., 1816. 

[Defence of Ketherlanda, Switierland, Germany, &o.] 

inducing His Sardinian Majesty to cede to the Canton of Geneva 
the Communes of Chesne, Thonex, and some others necessary for 
disengaging the Swiss territory of Jussy from the effects of the 
retrocession, by the Canton of Geneva, of that territory situated 
between the road of Euron and the Lake, which had been ceded by 
His Sardinian Majesty, by the Act of the 29th March, 1815 

(No. 10). 

Custom Houses, 

The French Government having consented to withdmw its 
lines of custom and excise from the frontiers of Switzerland, on 
the side of the Jura, the Cabinets of the Allied Pow^ers will employ 
their good offices for inducing His Sardinian Majesty to withdraw 
in like manner, his lines of custom and excise, on the side of 
Savoy, at least upwards of a league from the Swiss frontiers, and 
on the outside of the great road of Saleve, and of the mountains of 
Sion and Waache. 

Pecuniary Indemnity to Sardinia, 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia shall receive, mQreover, out 
of that part of the French contribution which is destined for the 
strengthening of the line of Defence of the States bordering upon 
France, the sum of 10,000,000 of Francs, which is to be laid out 
in fortifying his frontiers, in conformity with the plans and regu- 
lations which the Powers shall settle in this respect. 

Pecuniary Indemnities to Austria and Prussia. 
It is likewise agreed, that, in consideration of the advantages 
which His Sardinian Majesty will derive from these dispositions, 
both in the extension and in the means for defending his territory, 
that part of the pecuniary Indemnity payable by France, to which 
His said Majesty might lay claim, shall serve towards putting the 
indemnities of Austria and Prussia on the level of a just pro- 
portion. 

B. Provisions respecting the Territorial Arrangements in Germany^ 

Austria^ and Prussia, 

Cessions by Austria to Prussia in Department of La Sarre, 
Art. VI. His Imperial and Royal A|)ostolic Majesty shall cede 
to His Majesty the King of Prussia, in the department of La Sarre, 
the districts shown in the annexed Schedule. His Majesty the 
King of Prussia engages on his part to satisfy the Grand Dukes 
of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Oldenburg, the Duke of Coburr- 
the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, and the Count of Papenheim 

829 



3 Nov., 1816J GREAT BRlTAlxX, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 88 

[Defence of Vetherlande, Switzerland, Germany, ^tc} 

conformably with Article LIV* of the Final Act of the Congress of 
Vienna (No. 27). 

Arvangemenis relatintj to Bavaria, 

Art. VII. Ilis Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, Ilis 
Majesty the King of Groat Britain, and Ilis Majesty the King of 
Prussia engage to use every means to obtain for His Imixjrial and 
Royal Apostolic Majesty from His Majesty the King of Bavaria 
the reconveyance of the territories and the objects designated in 
the annexed Si^liedule (2), in exchange for the indeimiity desig- 
nated in the same Schedule. They undeilake at the same time 
with the Court of Bavaria to exchange with Ilis Royal Iliglmess 
the Elector of Ilesse, the districts of Aufenau, Wort, and Ilochst^ 
and theni^^MiL^a^miinster to Gelnhausen for a sufficient part 

In consideration of tho arr^g. ^^^^ .g^ ^^^ ^^^ 

Powera insure to His Majesty the Kmg o.- j^^,^^ ^^^ following 
advantages : — 

a. An amount proportional to the part of the J'rC*-^ contribu- 
tions intended to reinforce the defensive line of the front>^ ox x 
which amount shall be employed according to the plans aLi ^em* 
lations which shall be generally fixed in this matter. \ 

h. The Reversion of the part of the Palatinate belonging to\^ 
House of Baden, after the extijiction of the direct line of th^ 
reigning Grand Buke. v 

c. A military road from Wurzburg to Frankenthal. 

Landau to he a Fortress of the Germanic Confederation, Bavaria A. 

to have Right to Gamson, 

d. The right of garrison in the fortified Town of Landau, 
which will be one of the Fortresses of the Germanic Confederation. 

These Articles will be regarded as fully obligatory as soon as 
the Court of Bavaria shall have declared its adhesion to the 
arrangements specified abovcf 

The Countries devolved to Ilis Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty under Article LI of the Final Act of the Congress of 
Vienna (No. 27), and of which Ilis Majesty can dispose by ex- 
change with the other Princes of the Germanic Confederation, being 
still found, in spite of the repi-esentations on this subject made by 

• See Convention of 1st July, 1816. 

t See Treatj between Great Britain, Austria, &c., of 20th Jul^, 1819. 

330 



Ho, 88] afiEAT JiKlTAlN, AUSTRIA, Ac. L3 Nov., 1816. 

[Defence of Netherlanda, Switserland, Qermany, &o.] 

the Imperijil Court of Austria, partly ocxnipiod by the Bavarian 
authorities, there will be made by the Four Cabinets a simul- 
taneous action against the Bavarian Government, in order that the 
said countries may be placed without delay at the free disposal of 
Ilis Im|X)rial and Royal Apostolic Miijesty. 

Austrian Cessions to Grand Duke iff llesse. 

Art. VIII. Austria shall code to the Grand Duke of Ilesse, as 
an indenuiity for the Duchy of Westphalia, a territory on the left 
bank of the Rhine, comprising a population of 140,000 inhabi- 
tants, conforniably to the Treaty between Austria, Pinissia, and the 
Grand Duke, of lOtli Jmie, 1815 (No. 28). The arrangements with 
the Grand Duke of Ilesse shall be made according to the aimexed 
Schedule (3), drawn up on the basis of the exchange of territory 
l)etween Austria and Bavaria, such as may be found indicated in 
the preceding Article. 

Austrian Cession to Bavaria, 

Art. IX. The Reversion of the part of the Palatinate belonging 
to the Grand Duke of Baden having l)een assured to Austria by 
the Protocol of 10th June, 1815,* of the Conferences of the 
Congress of Viemia, His Imperial and Royal Aix)stolic Majesty is 
ready to renounce this Revei-sion in favour of Ilis Majesty the King 
of Bavaria, in order to facilitate the an*angements indicated by 
Article VII of the present Protocol. The Reversion of Brisgau, 
which has also been assured to Austria by the said Protocol of 
10th June, will be carried out. 

C. Defensive System of the Genmmic Confederation, 
Mayence^ Luxemburg^ and Landau to he Fortresses of the Gennanic 

Confederation, 
Art. X. The Fortresses of Mayence, Luxemburg, and Landauf 
are declared Fortresses of the Gennanic Confederation, with the 
exception of the tenitorial Sovereignty of the Fortresses. 

Fortress of Mayence, Bight of Garnsoning Fortress, 
The Plenipotentiaries of Austria and Prussia, not being autho- 
rised, considering the Acts formerly'' existing, and the absence of 
their Sovereigns, to renounce the right of garrisijuiug the Fortress 

• By the Project of Convention annexed to tlio Protocol of lOth June, 
1815, the KcTepsion of Brisgau, and of the Pafatioate, were secured eTentuallj 
to the Ilouse of Austria (exceptirg those parts which were ceded to Prussia). 

t Sec Treaty between Austria and Bavaria of IGth April, 1816. 

331 



3 Nov., 1815.] GKEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 38 

[Defence of Ketherlands, Switzerland, Oermany, &o.] 

of Mayence to one or other of tlieir respective Courts, it is agreed 
that the military service aud the administration shall continue to 
subsist in that Fortress according to the actual airangement in 
force, until the Allied Courts shall come to some definitive 
arrangement on this point. 

Fortress of Luxemburg, Right of Garrisoning^ and of Nominating 

Gjovernor, 
Their Majesties, the Emperor of Austria, the Emperor of 
all the Russias, and His Majesty the King of Great Britain, will 
employ their best offices in order to obtain for His Majesty the 
King of Prussia the right of garrisoning the Portress of Luxem- 
burg, conjointly with His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, 
as well as the right of nominating the Governor of that Fortress. 

Fortress of Landau, Bight of Garrisoning, 

The garrison of Landau shall be, until the time of its exchange, 
entirely composed of Austrian troops, and in like manner after 
the transfer it shall be in time of peace entirely composed of 
Bavarian troops. Nevertheless, in the case of war, the Grand 
Duke of Baden shall furnish a third of the garrison necessary for 
the defence of the Fortress. 

Distribution of Sums of Money to he devoted to the Defensive System 

of Germany, 

The Powers having agreed to devote to the defensive system 
of Germany the sum of 60,000,000 francs, to be taken from a part 
of the French contribution destined to strengthen the line of 
Defence of the frontier States, the said sum shall be distributed 
as follows : — 

His Majesty the King of Prussia shall receive 20,000,000 
Francs of it for the fortification of the Lower Rhine ; 20,000,000 
shall be reserved for the cx)nstmction of a fourth Federal Fortress 
on the Upper Rhine ; His Majesty the King of Bavaria, or some 
other Sovereign of the coiuitries bordering upon France between 
the Rhine and the Prussian States, shall have 15,000,000 ; and 
5,000,000 shall be employed to complete the works at Mayence. 
These different sums shall be disposed of, confonnably to the 
plans and regulations which shall be settled with reference to them. 

Protocol to hare same force as a Conrefition. 

AuT. XI. The present Protocol shall have the force of a Con- 

332 



No. 38] GREAT BRITAlxX, AUSTRIA, &c. [3 NOY., 1815. 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, ftc] 

veniion between the four Powers, until the arrang-ements to which 
they refer may be definitively completed. 

Done and signed at Paris, 3rd Novomk^r, 1815.* 

WELLINGTON. RASOUMOPFSKY. 

METTERNICn. CAPO DISTRIAS. 

HARDENBERG. HUMBOLDT. 

CASTLEREAGIL WESSENBERG. 



(Annex 1). — Austrian Cessions to Prussia. 

Austria shall cede to Prussia on the left bank of the Rhine : — 

0. Saarburg, with the remainder of Conz, according to the 

limits of the Peace of 1814, and exclusively of Parcellos, 
on the right bank of the Moselle, which formerly 
belonged to Luxemburg. 

b. Moertzig. 

c. Wadem. 

d. Tholey. 

e. Part of Lebach according to the conditions of 1814 (No. 1). 
/. Ottweiler. 

g, St. Wendel. 

h. The remainder of Birkenfeld and Heiineskeil. 

f . The remainder of Baumholder and Grumbach. 

(Annex 2). — Arrangement with Bavaria,^ 

Cessions demanded from Bavaria, 

Population, 

1. The Ilausruckviertcl 92,396 

2. The Innviertel 125,071 

3. The Principality of Salzburg, with the exception 

of the Bailiwicks of Waging, Tettnianning, * 
Seisendorf, and Laufen ; the three last, so 
far as they are situated on the loft bank of the 
Salzbach and the Saal 168,000 

4. The Tyrolese Bailiwick of Vils 946 

Total.,.. 387,013 

His Majesty the King of Bavaria would grant freedom of 
transit on the road which leads from the Tyrol to Bregenz by the 
Bavarian States, for a quantity of salt and com, to bo agreed upon. 

* Iiiitislcd on the 3rd, ard Signcil on the 20th November, 1815. 
t J^oe Treaty hot woon Austria aiul B:ivarift of I'lth April, 1816. 



3 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 38 

[Defence of Netherlanda, Switaerland, G^ermany, Ac] 

Indemnitie}*. 

A. On the Left Bank of the Rhine, 

Population, 

1. In the Department of Mont- Tonne rre, 

a. The district of Dcux-Ponts 93,596 

b. The district of Kaiscrslautem \, 73,022 

c. The district of Spire, excepting the cantons 

of Worms and Pfeddersheim 144,042 

d. In the district of Alzey, the canton of 

Kercheira-Poland 12,0GG 

2. In the Department of the Sarre. 

a. The canton of Waldmohr 10,795 

h. The canton of Bliescastel 14,636 

c. The canton of Coussel, excepting certain 
places on the road from St. Wendel to 
Baumholder — approximately 8,698 

8. In the Department of the Lower Rhine. 

The canton of Landau, with the territory on 
the left bank of the Lauter 53,887 

B. On the Right Batik of the Rhine. 

a. The bailiwicks Fuldois* 23,304 

b. The bailiwick of Radewitz 3,000 

c. Of Darmstadt — ^the bailiwicks of Mitten- 

berg, Amorbach, Ilcnbach, and Alzenau 24,661 
(1, Of Bade — part of the bailiwick of Wert- 

heim 4,927 

Total. . . . 469,634 



(Annex 3). — Territorial Transfers by the Grand Duke of 

Darmstadt, 

Darmstadt von Id cede : 
A. To Prussia. Subjects. 

The Duchy of Westphalia 140,000 

• Viz., tlie Bailiwicks of Bruckenau, Ilammolburg, that part of Bicberst^in 
belonging to Aiidtria, and a part of the Bailiwick of Weihers belonging to 
Prussia, or other adjoining territories sufficient to compensate for the Baili- 
wicks of SaalmUnster, of Ursel, and of Sanncrz, which Ajostria places at the 
disposal of Prussia. 

\ 884 

\ 



No. 38] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [3 Nov., 1815. 

[DeflBnoe of Netherlanda, Switierland, Oermany, &c.] 

B. To Bavaria. 

Tho bailiwickfl of Mittenberg 8,094 Subjects. 

Amorbacli 7,092 

Ileubach 8,505 

Alzenau 5,970 

24,GG1 

C. To Ilesse-CaaseL 

The bailiwick of Hanau, confonuably to the 

Conventions of Frankfort 14,018 

D. To the Landgrave of Jlesse-IIomburg. 

The Sovereignty over 6,3G6 

Total.... 185,045 

The Grand Duke of Darmstadt would make himself liable for 
one-half of the private debts of the Prince of Y8oml)urg. 

The overplus of the above-named Indemnities will be employed 
to obtain for His Prussian Majesty the Sovereignty of the 
possessions of Wittgenstein and Berleburg. 

The best endeavours will be made to use the jmrt of the 
countiy of Ysemburg, situated on the left bank of the Maine, in 
the exchanges which tho Grand Duke of Ilesse is to make with 
the Elcctoi' of Ilesse for the bailiwicks above mentioned, sub 
Lit. C, and to obtahi from the Elector of Ilesse the whole of the 
road from Saalmiinster to Ilaynau. 

Darmstadt would obtain : 

A. On the Left Bank of the Rhine : Subjects. 

The Town of Mayence 2G,400 

Nieder-Olm 12,113 

Obcr-Ingelheim , . 13,523 

Bingen 8,191 

Wollstein 10,80G 

Worstiidt 15,403 

0[)penheim 14,G0G 

Bochtheim 15,834 

Alzey 15,961 

Pfeddersheim 14,573 

Worms 5,718 

335 



3 Nov., 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 38 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switserland, Germany, &c.] 

B. On the Bight Bank of the Rhine : 

The villages of Nieder-Ursel and Ober-Erlen- 

bach 1,164 

The Principality of Ysemburg 47,454 

Total..,. 201,640 

C. The ownership of the Salt Mines of Kreutznach, 



336 



No. 30] GREAT BRITAIN, Ao., AND RUSSIA. [5 Nov., 1815. 

[Ionian lolanda.] 



No. S9.— TREATY between Great Btntain and Austria, 
Priisria and Ritsmiy respecting tJie Ionian Islands. Signed 
at Paris^ bth November, 1815.* 

Art. Table. 

Proamble. Treaty to form part of G-oneral Congress Treaty of 9t1i June, 
1815. 

1. Independence. 

2. British Protection. Guarantee of Auttriay Prussia, and Russia, 
8. Appointment of Lord High Commissioner by Great Britain. 

4. Constitutional Charter. 

6. British Occupation of Fortresses, &c. Military Force of the States to be 
under Orders of Commander-in-Chief of British Troops. 

6. Maintenance of Fortresses. Payment of British Garrison. 

7. British Jurisdiction over Honorary and Military Rights. Trading Flag. 

Commerce with Austria, Consuls or Consular Agents only to be 
accreilited. 

8. Acceding Powers to the Treaty. 

9. Ratifications. 

(English Vorsion.f) 

In tho name of the Most Holy aud Undivided Trinity. 

HiB Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, Ilis Majesty the Em|)eror of Austria, King of 
Hungary and Bohemia, His Majesty the Emperor of all the 
Rus.siaa, and Ilis Majesty the King of Prussia, animated by the 
desire of prosecuting the Negociations adjourned at the Congress 
of Vienna, in order to fix the destiny of the Seven Ionian Islands, 
and to insure the Independence, liberty, and happiness, of the 
Inhabitants of those Islands, by placing them and their Constitu- 
tion under the immediate Protection of one of the Great Powers 
of Europe, have agreed to settle definitively, by a Special Act, 
whatever relates to this object, which, grounded upon the rights 
resulting from the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May 1814 (No. 1), 
and likewise upon the British Declarations at the period when 
the British arms liberated Cerigo, Zante, Cephalonia, Santa Maura, 
Ithaca, and Paxo, shall be c-onsidered as forming part of the 
General Treaty concluded at Vienna on the 9th June of the year 

* The Ionian Islands were united to Qreece by the Treaty between the 5 
Powers of 14th Norember, 1863, and the Treaty between Gbeat Britain, 
France, Russia, and Greece of 29th November, 1861. 

t For Fren;h Version, see " State Papers," toI. iii, p. 260. 

33 r z 



5 Nov., 1816.J OREAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND RUSSIA. [No. 39 

[Ionian Islands.] 

1815y on the termination of the Congress (No. 27) ; and in order 
to settle and sign the said Act, the High Contracting Powers 
have nominated Plenipotentiaries ; that is to say, 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Viscount 
Castlereagh, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, a 
member of His said Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, 
a Member of Parliament, Colonel of the Londonderry Regiment 
of Militia, and His said Majesty's Principal Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs ; 

And the Most Illustrious and Most Noble Lord Arthur, 
Duke, Mai'quess and Earl of Wellington, Marquess of Douro, 
Viscount Wellington of Talavera and of Wellington, and Baron 
Douro of Wellesley, a member of His said Majesty's Most 
Honourable Privy Council, a Field-Marshal of his armies. Colonel 
of the Royal Regiment of Horse-Guards, Knight of the Most 
Noble Order of the Garter, &c. 

And his Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary 
and Bohemia, the Sieur Clement Winceslas Lothaire, Prince of 
Metternich-Wimiebourg-Ochscnliausen, Chamberlain, Privy Coun- 
cillor of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary 
and Bohemia, his Minister of State, of Conferences and of 
Foreign Affairs ; and the Sieur Jcjlin Philip Baron WesSenbcrg, 
Chamberlain and Privy Councillor of His Majesty the Emperor 
of Austria, King of Hungaiy and Bohemia, &c. ; who, after 
having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be in good and 
due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : — 

Independence, 

Art. I. The Islands of Corfu, Cephalonia, Zante, Santa ISfaura, 
Ithaca, Cerigo and Paxo, with their dependencies, such as they 
are described in the Treaty between His Majesty the Emperor of 
all the Russias and the Ottoman Porte, of the 21st of March, 
1800,* shall form a single, Free and Indejjendent State, under the 
denomination of the United States of the Ionian Islands. 

British Protection* Guarantee of Attstria^ Prussia, and Russia, 

Art. II. This State shall be placed under the immediate and 
exclusive Pi'otection of His Majesty the King of the United King- 
dom of Great Britain and Ireland, his heirs and successors. The 

• Sec Appendix. 
838 



No. S9] GREAT BRITAIN, &o., AND RUSSU. [6 Nov., 1815. 

[Ionian Islanda.] 

other Contractiiig Powers do consequently renounce every right 
or particular pretention which they might have formed in respect 
to them, and formally guarantee all the dispositions of the present 
Treaty. 

Appointment of Lord High Comnussioner by Great Britain. 

Art. III. The United States of the Ionian Islands shall, with 
the approbation of the Protecting Power, regulate their internal 
organization ; and, in order to give to all the parts of this organi- 
zation the necessary consistency and action, His Britannic Majesty 
will employ a particular solicitude with regard to the legislation 
and the general administration of those States, His Majesty will 
therefore appoint a Loni High Commissioner to reside there, 
invested with all the necessary power and authorities for this 
purpose. 

Constitutional Charter. 

Abt IV. In order to carry into execution, without delay the 
stipulations mentioned in the Articles preceding, and to ground 
the political re-organization which is actually in force, the Lord 
High Commissioner of the Protecting Power shall regulate the 
forms of Convocation of a Legislative Assembly, of which he 
shall direct the proceedings, in order to draw up a New Constitu- 
tional Charter for the States, which His Majesty the King of the 
United Eangdom of Great Britain and Ireland shall be requested 
to ratify.* 

Until such Constitutional Charter shall have been so drawA 
up, and duly ratified, the existing Constitutions shall remain ii^ 
force in the different Islands, and no alteration shall be made iii 
them, except by His Britannic Majesty in Council. 

British Occupation of Fortresses^ ^c. Military Force of the State9 
to be under Orders of Commander-in-Chief of British Troops. 

Art. V. In order to ensure, without restriction, to the inhabi- 
tants of the United States of the Ionian Islands, the advantages 
resulting from the high Protection under which these States are 
placed, as well as for the exercise of the rights inherent in the 
said Protection, His Britannic Majesty shall have the right to 

• Ratified by Ghreat Britain 26th AugUBt> 1817. 

339 X 2 



5 Nov., 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, dbc., AND BUSSIA. [No. 39 

[Ionian Islanda.] 

occupy the FortreBses and places of those States, and to maintain 
garrisons in the same. The militaiy force of the said United 
States shall also be under the orders of the Commander-in-Chief 
of the troops of His Britannic Majesty. 

Maintenance of Fortresses. Payment of British Garrison. 

Art. VI. Ilis Britannic Majesty consents, that a particular 
Convention with the Government of the said United States shall 
regulate, according to the revenues of these States, every thing 
which may relate to the maintenance of the Fortresses already 
existing, as well as to the subsistence and payment of the British 
garrisons, and to the number of men of which they shall be com- 
posed in time of peace. 

The same Convention shall likewise fix the relations which 
are to exist between the said armed force and the Ionian Govern- 
ment. 

Trading Flag. British Jurisdiction over Honorary and Military 
Rights. Commerce with Austria. Consuls or Consular Agents 
only to he accredited. 

Art. VII. The trading Flag of the United States of the 
Ionian Islands shall be acknowledged by all the Contracting 
Parties as the Flag of a Free and Independent State. It shall carry 
with the colours and above the annorial bearings there<jn dis- 
played before the year 1807, such other as His Britannic Majesty 
may think proper to grant, as a mark of the Protection under 
which the said Ionian States are pLiced; and for the more 
effectual furtherance of this Protection, all the ports and har- 
bours of the said States ai-e hereby declared to be, with respect to 
Honorary and Military rights, within British jurisdiction. The 
Commerce between the United Ionian States and the dominions 
of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty shall enjoy the 
same advantages and facilities as that of Great Britahi with 
the said United States. None but Commercial Agents, or Consuls, 
charged solely with the carrying on Commercial relations, and 
subject to the regulations to which Commercial Agents or Consuls 
are subject in other Independent States, shall be accredited to the 
United States of the Ionian Islands. 

Acceding Powers to the Treaty. 
Art. VIII. All the Powers which signed the Treaty of Paris 



^ - 340 



No. 39] GREAT BRITAIN, &0., AND RUSSIA. [5 Nov., 1815 . 

[Ionian Islan d a.] 

of the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), and the Act of the Congress 
of Vienna of the 9th of June, 1815 (No. 27) ; and also His 
Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies* and the Ottoman Porte,t 
shall be invited to accede to the present Convention. 

Eatificatioiis. 

Art. IX. The present Act shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
shall be exchanged in two months, or sooner, if possible. 

In witness whereof the resj^ective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 6th day of November, in the year of Our 
Lord 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTELREAGH. 
(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 
(L.S.) METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) WESSENBER6. 

* Tho Independence of tbo Ionian Islands was recognized by Sicily in 
the Goinmercial Conyention with Qreat Britain of 26th September, 1816. 
t The Baiification of the Ottoman Porto was dated 2ith April, 1819. 



341 



[20 Nov., 1815. OEEAT BRITAIN, Ac., AITD FRANCE. No. 40] 

[find Peace of Paris.] 



No. ^O.—DEFINirnni: TREA TY of Peace between Great 
Britain^ Austria^ Prussia^ and Russia, and France. Signed 
at Paris, 20th November, 1815.* 

[See special references to this Treaty, and the Conventions an- 
nexed thereto, in the Treaty of Alliance concluded between 
the 4 Powers, on the same day.] 

Abt. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. Frontiers of France: as in 1790, Landau^ Geneva^ Savoy ^ Monaco, i^c. 

2. Fortresses, &c., to be placed at Disposal of Allied Powers. 

3. Fortifications of Runinguen to be Destroyed. Extension of Neutrality of 

Switzerland to Part of Savojf. 

4. Indemnity to b« Paid by France, 

6. Military Occupation by Allies along the Frontiers of France, 

6. Eyacuation of French Territory. 

7. Period fixed for Emigration and Disposal of Property by Residents in 

Ceded Territories. 

8. Ceded Countries. Application of Treaty of SOth May, 1814, to present 

Treaty. 
0. Conventions of Claims. 

10. Restoration of Prisoners. 

11. Maintenance of Treaty of SOth May, 1814, and Final Act of Vienna 

Congress of 9th June, 1815. 

12. Ratifications. 

[For Annexes see Nos. 41, 42, 45, and 46,] 

(English Version.l) 
In the Name of the Moat Holy and Undivided Treaty. 

Thk Allied Powers having by their united efFoi*ts, and by the 
success of their arms, preserved France and Europe from the 
convulsions with which they were menaced by the late enter- 
prise of Napoleon Bonaparte,} and by the revolutionary system 
reproduced in France, to promote its success; participating at 
present with His Most Christian Majesty in the desire to con- 

* Spain acceded to this Treaty as well as to the Conventions annexed 
thereto by an Act dated 8th June, 1817, and by the Treaty of lOth June, 1817. 

The StipuUtions of the Convention upon this subject, concluded on the 
same day, between Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and France, were, verbatim 
the same as those of this Treaty. 

t For French Version, see ** State Papers," vol. iii, p. 280. 

X Bonaparte escaped from Elba on the night of the 25th of February, 1815, 
and landed in France on the 1st of March. 

842 



[No. 40 GREAT. BRITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. 20 Nov., 1815.] 

[2nd Peace of Paris.] 

solidate, by maintamiiig inviolate the Royal authority, and by 
restoriug the operation of the Constitutional Charter, the order 
of things which had been happily re-established in France, as 
also in the object of restoring between France and her neighbours 
those relations of reciprocal confidence and goodwill which the 
fatal effects of the Revolution and of the system of Conquest had 
for so long a time distm*bed : persuaded, at the same time, that 
this last object can only be obtained by an arrangement framed 
to secure to the Allies proper indemnities for the past and solid 
guarantees for the future, they have, in concert with His Majesty 
the King of France, taken into consideration the moans of giving 
effect to this arrangement ; and being satisfied that the Indenmity 
due to the Allied Powers cannot be either entirely Territorial or 
entirely Pecuniary, without ])rejudice to France in the one or other 
of her essential interests, and that it woul<i be more fit to com- 
bine both the modes, in order to avoid the hicx^nvenience which 
would result, were either resorted to separately, their Imperial 
and Royal Majesties have adopted this basis for their present 
transactions ; and agreeing alike as to, the necessity of retaining 
for a fixed time in the Frontier Provinces of France, a certain 
number of allied troops, they have determined to combine their 
different arrangements, founded upon these bases, in a Definitive 
Treaty. For this purpose, and to this effect, His Majesty the 
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, for 
himself and his Allies on the one part, and Ilis Majesty the King 
of France and Navarre on the other part, have named their Pleni- 
potentiaries to discuss, settle and sign the said Definitive Treaty ; 
namely. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart 
Viscount Castlereagh, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the 
Garter, His said Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign 
Affairs, &c. ; and the Most Illustrious and Most Noble Lord Arthur, 
Duke, Marquess, and Earl of Wellington, Mai*quess of Douro, 
Viscount Wellington, of Talavera and of Wellington, and Baron 
Douro of Wellesley, a Member of His said Majesty's Most 
Honorable Privy Council, a Field Marshal of his Armies, Colonel 
of the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, Knight of the Most 
Noble Order of the Garter, &c. ; 

And His Majesty the King of France and of Navarre, the 
Sieur Armand Emanuel du Plessis Richelieu, Duke of Richelieu, 
Peer of France, First Gentleman of the Chamber of His Most 

348 



20 Nov., 1815.] OBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 40 

[8nd Peace of Paris.] 

Christian Majesty, his Minister and Secretary of State for 
Foreign Affairs, and President of the Council of his Ministers, &c., 
Who having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be in 
good and due form, have signed the following Articles : — 

Frontiers of France: a.s In 1790.* 

Art. I. The Frontiers of France shall be the same as they 
were in the year 1 790, save and accept the modifications on one 
side and on the other, which are detailed in the present Article. 

Fortress of Philippeville and Mavienhourg^ cj-c. 

1st, on the Northern Frontiei's the line of demarcation shall 
i*emain as it was fixed by the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), as far as 
opposite U) Quievrain, from thence it shall follow the ancient limits 
of the Belgian Provinces, of the late Bishopric of Liege, and of the 
Duchy of Bouillcm, as they existed in the year 1790, leaving the 
Territories included within that line (enclaven)^ of Philippeville and 
Maiienburg, with the Fortresses so called, together with the 
whole of the Duchy of Bouillon without the Frontiers of France. 
From Villers, near Orval, upon the confines of the Department 
Des Ardennes, and of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, as far as 
Perle, uix)n the ga»at road leading from Thionville to Treves, the 
line shall remain as it was laid down by the Treaty of Paris (No. 1). 
From Perle it shall pass by Lauensdorff, Walwich, Schardorff 
Niederveiling, Pellweiler (all these places with their Banlioues or 
dependencies remaining to France) to Ilouvre ; and shall follow 
from thence the old limit* of the District {Pat/s) of Sarrebnick, 
leaving Sarrelouis and the course of the Sjirrc, together with the 
places situated to the right of the line above-descril.)ed, and their 
Banlieues or dejxjndencies without the limits of France. From 
the limits of the district of Sarrebnick the line of demarcatiini 
shall 1x5 the same which at present separates from Grermany, tlie 
departments of the Moselle and of the Lower Rhine, as far as to 
the Lauter, which River shall from thence sei-ve as the Frontier 
until it falls into the Rhine. 

Fortress of Landau^ (J-c.f 

All the territory on the left bank of the Lauter, including the 
Fortress of Lnn<lau, shall form part of Gennany. The Town of 

* Sco Map facing page 350. 

t Sco Treaties bctwccu Prussia and Netherlands, of 8tli November, 1816 ; 
Great Britain and Netherlands, of 16th November, 1816; Austria and 
Netlierlands, of 12th March, 1817; and Russia and NetherUnds, of 17th 
j\pril, 1817. 

344 



No. 40] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANOB. [20 Nov., 1815. 

[Sad Peace of Paria.] 

Weissenburg, however, Uirough which the River ninB, shall 
remain entirely to France, with a rayon on tlie left bank, not 
exceeding 1,000 toises, and which shall be more ])articularly 
detennined by the Connnissioners who shall be chiirged with the 
approaching designation of the Boimdaries. 

2ndly,* leaving the mouth of the Lauter, and continuing along 
the depaitments of the Lower Rhine, the Upper Rhino, the Doubs, 
and the Jura to the Canton de Vaud, tlie Frontiers shall remain as 
fixed by the Treaty of Paris (No. 1). The Thahceg of the Rhine shall 
form the Boundary t)etween France and the States of Germany, 
but the pro]x?rty of the Islands shall remain in jXTpetuity, as it 
shall be fixed by a new survey of the course of that river, and 
continue unchanged wliatever variation that course may undergo 
in the lapse of time. Commissioners shall be named on both 
sides, by the High Contracting Parties, within the space of three 
months, to proceed upon the said survey. One half of the bridge 
between Strasbwg and Kehl shall belong to France, and the 
other half to the Grand Duchy of Baden. 

3rdly, in order to establish a direct connnunication between 
the Canton of Geneva and Switzerland, that part of the Pays de 
Grex, bounded on the east by the Lake Leman; on the south, 
by the territory of the Canton of Geneva ; on the north, by that 
of the Canton de Vaud ; on the west, by the course of the Ver- 
soix, and by a line which compivhends the Communes of Collex- 
Bossy, and Meyrin, leaving the Commune of PVniey to France, 
shall be ceiled to the Helvetic Confedenu^y, in order to be united 
to the Canton of Geneva. The line of the French Custom-houses 
shall \yo jilaced to the west of the Jura, so that the whole of the 
Pays de Gex shall be without that line. 

4thly, from the frontiers of the Canton of Geneva, as far as 

the Mediterranean, the line of demarcation shall bo that which 

in the year 1790 separated France from Savoy and from the 

County of Nice. 

Monaco^ 4'C, 

The Relations which the TI^\1ty of Paris of 1814 (No. 1) had 
re-establislicd l)etween France and the Principality of Monaco 
shall cease for ever, and the same Relations shall exist between 
that Principality and His Majesty the King of Sardinia.t 

* See ConTentions btitwecn France and Baden of 30th January, 1827, and 

6th April, 1840. 

t See TreatT between Sardinia and Monaco, of 7th November, 1817. 

345 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. * [Ho. 40 

[2nd Peace of Paris.] 

5thly, all the Territories and Districts included within the 
Boundary of the French territory {enclaves)^ as determined by 
the pi'esent Article, shall remain united to France. 

6thly, the High Contracting Parties shall name within 3 
months after the signature of the present Treaty, Commissioners 
to regulate everything relating to the designation of the 
Boundaries of the respective Countries,* and as soon as the labours 
of the Commissioners shall have terminated, Maps shall be drawn 
and landmarks shall be erected, which shall point out the respec- 
tive limits. 

Fortresses^ ^c, to he plnced at disposal of Allied Powers, 

Art. II. The Fortresses, Places, and District*, which, accord- 
ing to the preceding Artide are no longer to form part of the 
French territory, shall be placed at the disposal of the Allied 
Powers, at the periods fixed by Artide IX of the Military Conven- 
tion (No. 42) annexed to the present Treaty ; and Ilis Majesty the 
King of France renounces for himself, His heirs, and successors 
for ever, the rights of Sovereignty and property which he has 
hitherto exercised over the said Fortresses, Places, and Districts. 

Fortifications of Huninguen to he destroyed. 

Art. III. The Fortifications of Huninguen having been con- 
stantl}' an object of uneasiness to the town of Bale, the High 
Contracting Parties, in order to give to the Helvetic Confederacy 
a new proof of their good will and of their solicitude for its 
welfare, have agreed among themselves to demolish the fortifi- 
cations of Huninguen, and the French Government engages from 
the same motive not to re-establish them at any time, and not to 
replace them by other Fortifications at a distance of less than 
that of 3 leagues from the town of BAle. 

Extension of Nentj'ality of Switzerland to part of Savoy, 

The Neutrality of Switzerland shall be extended to the terri- 
tory situated to the north of a line to be drawn from Ugine, that 
Town being included, to the south of the Lake of Annecy, by 
Faverge, as far as Lecheraine, and from thence by the Lake of 

* See Treaties between France and Netherlands of 28th March, 1820 ; 
between France and Bavaria of 9th December, 1825 ; and between France 
ai d Netherlands of 2drd October, 1829. 

346 



No. 40] GEEAT BRITAIN, &o., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 

[find Peaoe of Pari*.] 

Bourget, as far as the Rhone, in like manner as it was extended 
to the Provinces of Chablais and of Faucigny, by Article XCIl of 
the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna (No. 27).* 

Indemnity to he Paid hy France. 

Art. IV. The pecuniary part of the Indemnity to be furnished 
by France to the Allied Powers is fixed at the sum of 700,000,000 
of Francs. The modes, the periods, and the guarantees for the 
payment of this sum shall be regulated by a Special Convention 
(No. 41), which shall have the same force and effect as if it were 
inserted, word for word, in the pi-esent Treaty.f 

Military Occupation hy Allies along the Frontiers of France, 

Art. V. The state of uneasiness and of fermentation, which 
after so many violent convulsions, and particularly after the last 
catastrophe, France must still experience, notwithstanding the 
paternal intentions of her King, and the advantages secured to 
every class of his subjects by the Constitutional Charter, require 
ing, for the security of the neighbouring States, certain measures 
of precaution and of temporary guarantee, it has been judged 
indispensable to occupy, during a fixed time, by a corps of Allied 
Troops certain military positions along the frontiers of France, 
under the express reserve, that such occupation shall in no way 
prejudice the Sovereignty of His Most Christian Majesty, nor the 
state of possession, such as it is recognized and confirmed by the 
present Treaty. The number of these tro<.)ps shall not exceed 
150,000 men. The Commander-in-Chief of this army shall be 
nominated by the Allied Powers. This anny shall occupy the 
Fortresses of Cond^, Valenciennes, Bouchain, Cambray, Le Ques- 
noy, Maubeuge, Landrecies, Avesnos, ll()croy, Givet with 
Chariemont, Mezieres, Sedan, Montmedy, Thionville, Longwy, 
Bitsch, and the Tete-de-Pont of Fort Louis. As the maintenance 
of the army destined for this service is to be provided by France, 
a Special Convention shall regulate everything which may relate to 
that object (No. 42). Tliis Convention, which shall have the same 
force and effect as if it were inserted word for word in the pre- 
sent Treaty, shall also regulate the relations of the Army of 
Occupation with the civil and military authorities of the country. 
The utmost extent of th(> duration of this military occupation is 

* See also Act of 20th Noyember, 1816. 
t See also Conyeiition of 9th October, 1818. 

347 



20 Nov., 1815.] aiUSAT BRITAIN, &c., AND tBANCB. [Ho. 40 

[S&d Peaoe of Paris.] 

fixed at 5 years. It may terminate before that period if, at the 
end of 3 years, the Allied Sovereigns, after having, in concert 
with His Majesty the King of France, maturely examined their 
reciprocal situation and interesti?, and the progress which shall 
have been made in France in the re-establishment of order and 
tranquillity, shall agree to acknowledge that the motives which 
led them to that measure have ceased to exist.* But whatever 
may be the result of this deliberation, all the Fortresses and 
Positions occupied by the iVllied troops shall, at the expiration of 
5 years, be evacuated without further delay, and given up to 
His Most Christian Majesty, or to his heirs and successors. 

Evacuation of French Territory. 

Abt. VI. The Foreign Troops, not forming part of the Anny of 
Occupation, shall evacuate the French Territory within .the term 
fixed by Article IX of the Military Convention annexed to the pre- 
sent Treaty (No. 41). 

Period fixed for Emigration and Disposal of Property in ceded 

Territories, 

Art. VIL In all Countries which shall change Sovereigns, as 
well in virtue of the present Treaty as of the arrangements which 
are to l)e made in consequence thereof, a period of 6 years from 
the date of the exchange of the Ratifications shall be allowed to 
the inhabitants, natives or foreigners, of whatever condition and 
nation they may be, to dispose of their Property, if they should 
think fit so to do, and to retire to whatever country they may 
choose. 

Ceded Conntnes, Application qf Treaty ofSOth May^ 1814, to 

present Treaty, 

Art. VIII. All the dispositions of the Treaty of Paris of the 
30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), relative to the Countries ceded by 
the Treaty, shall equally apply to the sevei'al territoiies and 
districts ceded by the present Treaty. 

Conventions of Claims. 

Art. IX. The High Contracting I^arties ha\ing caused repre- 
sentation to be made of the different Claims arising out of the 

• See Convention between tlie 4 Powers and France, for the evacuation of 
the French Territory bj the Allied Troops at the end of the 8rd year of 
occupation, of 9th October, 1818. 

848 



No. 40] GREAT BRITAIN, &c.y AND FRANCS. [20 Hov., 1815. 

[2nd Peace of Paris. Slave Trade.] 

non- execution of Articlea XIX and following of the Treaty of the 
30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), as well as of the Additional Articles of 
that Treaty signed between Great Britain and France, desiring to 
render more cfiBcacious the stipulations made thoi-eby, and having 
determined, by two Separate Conventions, the Ibie to be pursued on 
each side for that pur])ose (Nos. 45, 46), the said two Conven- 
tions, as annexed to the present Treaty, shall, in order to secure 
the complete execution of the above-mentioned Articles, have the 
same force and effect as if the same were inseit^, wor^ for 

word, herein.* 

Restoration of Prisoners, 

Art. X. All Prisoners taken during the hostilities, as well as 
all hostages which may have been carried off or given, shall be 
restored in the shortest time possible. The same shall be the 
case with respect to the prisoners taken previously to the Treaty 
of the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), and who shall not already have 
been restored. 

Maintenance of Treaty of 30th Mai/, 1814, and of Final Act 

of Vienna Congress ofdth June, 1815. 
Art. XI. The Treaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1) 
and the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna of the 9th of June 
1815 (No. 27), are confirmed, and shall be maintained in all such 
of their enactments which shall not have been modified by the 
Articles of the present Treaty. 

jRatiJications. 

Art. XII. The present Treaty, with the Conventions annexed 
thereto, shall be ratified in one Act, and the Ratifications thereof 
shall be exchanged in the space of two months, or sooner, if 
possible. 

In witness wliereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their 
Arms. 

Done at Paris, this 20th day of November, in the year of Our 
Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGIL (L.S.) RICHELIEU. 

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 



• See also Treaties of 25th April, 1818, and Additional Articles of 4th 
Julv, 1818. 

349 



20 Nov., 1815.] aBSAT BRITAIN, &a., AND FRANCE. [No. 40 

[find Peabe of Pari*. Slave Trade.] 

Additional Article. Abolition of the Slave Trade, 

Paria^ 20</< November^ 1815. 

The High Contracting Powers, sincerely desiring to give 
effect to the measures on which they deliberated at the Congress 
of Vienna relative to the complete and universal abolition of the 
Slave Trade, and having, each in their respective dominions, pro- 
hibited, without restriction, their Colonies and Subjects from taking 
any part whatever in this traflSc, eugage to renew conjointly their 
their efforts, with the view of securing final success to their 
principles which they proclaimed in the Declaration of the 4th (8th) 
of February, 1815 (No. 8), and of concerting, without loss of time, 
through their Ministers at the Courts of London and of Paris, the 
most effectual measures for the entire and definitive abolition of a 
Commerce so odious, and so strongly condemned by the laws of 
Religion and of Nature. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force 
and effect as if it were inserted, word for word, in the Treaty 
signed this day. It shall be included in the Ratification of the 
said Treaty. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their 
Arms. 

Done at Paris, this 20th day of November, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAOH. (L.S.) RICHELIEU. 

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 



«i 



350 



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No. 41] (JREAT BRITAIN, &o., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Snd Peace of Paris. Frenoh Pecuniary Indemnity.] 



No. 41.— CONVENTION between Great Britain {Austria, 
Prussian, and Russia) and France, relative to the Pecuniary 
Indemnity to be paid by France to the Allied Powers. 
Signed at Paris, 20<A November, 1815. 

[This Oonvention was annexed to the Definitive Treaty of the 

same date, see Art. IV.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Ck>nYention between Oreat Britain and France^ concluded in conformity 
with Article lY of the Principal Treaty, relative to the payment of 
the Pecuniary Indemnity to be fumiBhed by France to the Allied 
Powers. 

1. Payment of Indemnity in fiye yean. 

2. Mode of paying Indemnity. 

3. Engagements to be exchanged by Bom au Porteur, 

4. Time at which engagements are to be exchanged for Bon9 au Portent. 
6. Issue of Bons au Porteur in Coupurei or BiUs. 

6. Limit to amount of Bons au Porteur, 

7. Non-payment of Interest. 

8. Guarantee to be made oyer by France to Allied Powers. 

9. Persons in whose name the Fund of Interest is to be inscribed. Bight of 

Allies to transfer Inscriptions in other Names* 

10. Deposit of Inscriptions. 

11. Appointment of Mixed Commission. Payments. Arrears. J^ons un*- 

paid to be given up to French Commissioners, and paid over to Allied 
Conmiissioners. 

12. Full amount of Inscriptions to be always in hands of Treasurers. 

13. Interest on Bons au Porteur not paid when presented. 

ZT I Facilities for payment of last 100,000,000 francs Indemnity. 

IS, Fulfilment by France of Engagements relative to Clothing and Equip- 
ment of Allied Armies. 

(Elnglish version.*) 

Conveniian between Great Britain and France, concluded in con' 
formity with Article IV of the Principal Treaty (No. 40), rela- 
tive to the Payment of the Pecuniary Indemnity to he furnished 
by France to the Allied Powers.^ 

The payment to which Franco has bound herself to tho Allied 
Powers, as an Indemnity, by Article IV of the Treaty of this 

• For French version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 298. 

f The Stipulations of the Convention upon this subject, concluded on the 
same day, between Austria, Prussia) and Russia, and £Vanoe, were, verbatim 
the same as those of this Convention. 

851 



20 Nov., 1816.] OBJEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 41 
[8nd Peace of Paris. Prenoh Peouniary Indemnity.] 

day, shall take place in the form and at the periods prescribed by 
the following Articles : — 

Payment of Indemnity in Five Years, 

Art. I. The sum of 700,000,000 of francs, being the amoimt 
of the Indemnity, shall be discharg(»d, day by day, in equal por- 
tions, in the space of 5 years, by means of Bans au Purtenr on 
the Royal Treasury of France, in the manner that shall be now 
set forth. 

Mode of Paying Indemnity, 

Art. II. Tlie Treasury shall give over, immediately, to the 
Allied Powers, 15 Engagements for 46,000,000 and two-thirds 
each, forming together the sum of 700,000,000 ; the first Engage- 
ment payable on the 31st March, 1816, the second on the 31st 
of July of the same year, and so on in every fourth month 
during the five successive years. 

Engagements to he exchanged for Bons au Porteur, 

Art. III. These Engagements shall not be negotiable, but 
they shall be periodically exchanged against Bona au Portiw\ 
negotiable, drawn in the form used in the ordinary service of the 
Royal Treasury. 

Time at which Engagements are to he exchanged for Bons au 

Porteur, 

Art. IV. In the month which shall precede the four, in tlio 

course of which an Engagement is to be paid, that Engagement 

shall be divided by the Treasury of France, into Bans an Porteur 

payable in Paris, in equal portions, from the first to the last day 

of the four months. 

Thus the Engagement of 46,000,000 and two-thirds, falling 

due the 31st of March, 1816, shall be exchanged in the month of 
November, 1815, against Bons au Porteur^ payable in equal por- 
tions from the Ist of December, 1815, to the 3lBt of March, 1816. 
The Engagement of 46,000,000 and two-thirds, which will 
fall due the 31st of July, 1816, shall bo exchanged in the mouth 
of March of the same year, against Bons au Porteur^ payable in 
equal portions from the Ist of April, 1816, to the 3l6t of July of 
the same year, and so on every four months. 

352 



No. 41] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Snd Peace of Paris. French Pecuniary Indemnity.] 

Issue of Bona au Porteur in Coupures or Bills, 

Abt. V. No single Bon au Porteur shall be delivered for the 
sum due each day, but the sum so due shall be divided into 
several Coupures or Bills, of 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, and 
20,000 francs, the which sums added together, will amount to the 
sum total of the payment due for each day. 

Lirnit to amount of Bons au Porteur, 

Abt. VI. The Allied Powers, convinced that it is as much 
their interest as that of France, that too considerable a sum of 
Bom au Porteur should not be issued at once, agree that there 
never shall be in circulation Bons for moi'e than 50,000,000 of 
francs at a time. 

Non-pai/ment of Interest, 

Abt. VII. No Interest shall be paid by France for the delay of 
5 years, which the Allied Powers allow to her for the payment 
of the 700,000,000 of francs. 

Cruarantee to he made over by France to Allied Powers, 

Abt. VIII. On the 1st of January, 1816, there shall be made 
over by France to the Allied Powers, as a Guarantee for the 
regularity of the payments, a Fund of Interest inscribed in the 
Grand Litre of the Public Debt of France, of 7,000,000 of francs, 
on a capital of 140,000,000. This Fund of Interest shall boused 
to make good, if there should be need of it, the deficiencies in 
the Acceptances of the French Government, and to render the 
payments equal, at the end of every six montlis, to the Bons au 
Porteur which shall have fallen due, as shall be hereafter 
detailed. 

Persons iVi whose Name the Fund of Interest is to be Inscribed, 

Art. IX. This Fund of Interest shall be inscribed in the name 
of such persons as the Allied Powers shall point out ; but these 
persons cannot be the holders of the Inscriptions, except in the 
case provided for in Article XI ensuing. 

Right of A Hies to transfer Inscinptions in other Names, 

The Allied Powers further reserve to themselves the right to 
transfer the Inscriptions to other names, as often as they shall 
judge necessary. 

353 2 A 



20 Nov., 1815.] (JBBAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. [No. 41 
[find Peaoa of Paris. French Peonniary Indemnity.] 

Deposit of Inscriptions. 

Abt. X. The deposit of these Inscriptions shall be confined to 
one Treasurer named by the Allied Powers, and to another named 
by the French Gk)vernment. 

Appointment of Mixed Commission, 

Abt. XI. There shall be a Mixed Commission, composed of 
an equal number on both sides, of Allied and French Commis- 
sioners, who shall examine every six months the state of the 
payments, and shall regulate the balance. 

Paj/ments. Arrears, 

The Bons of the Treasury paid shall constitute the Payments ; 
those which shall not yet have been presented to the Treasury of 
France, shall enter into the account of the subsequent balance ; 
those also which shall have fallen due, been presented, and not 
paid, shall constitute the arrear, and the sum of Inscriptions to 
be applied, at the market price of the day, to cover the deficit. 

BofiS unpaid to be given vp to French Commissioners and paid over 

to Allied Commissioners. 

As soon as that operation shall have taken place, the Bons 
nnpaid shall be given up to the French Commissioners, and the 
Mixed Commission shall order the Treasurers to pay over the 
sum so determined upon, and the Treasurers shall be authorised 
and obliged to pay it over to the Commissioners of the Allied 
Powers, who shall dispose of it as they shall think proper. 

Full amount of Inscriptions to he always in hands of Treamtrers. 

Art. XII. France engages to replace immediately in the 
hands of the Treasurers, an amount of Inscriptions equal to that 
which may have been made use of, according to the foregoing 
Article, in order that the Fund stipulated in Article VIII may be 
always kept at its full amount. 

Interest on Bons au Porteur not Paid when Presented. 

, Art. XIII. France shall pay an interest of 5 per cent, per 
annum, from the date of the Botis au Porteur falling due, upon all 
such Bons the payment of which may have been delayed by the 
act of France. 

854 



/. 



// 



No. 41] OBEAT BRITAIN, Ac.. AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[find Peace of PariB. Frenoh Peouniary Indemnity.] 

Facilities for Pat/nient of last 100,000,000 Frarics Indemnity . 

Art. XIV. WiiQii the first 600,000,000 of Franca shall have 
been paid, the Allies in order to accelerate the entire liberation of 
France, will accept, should it be agreeable to the French Govern- 
ment, the Fund mentioned in Article VIII, at the market price of 
that day, to such an amount as will be equal to the remainder 
due of the 700,000,000. France will only have to furnish the 
dilTerence, should any exist. 

Facilities for Payment of last 100,000,000 Francs Indemnity. 

Abt. XV. Should this plan not be convenient to France, the 
10(1,000,000 of francs which would remain due, may be discharged 
in the manner pointed out in Articles II, III, IV, and V ; and, 
after the complete payment of the 700,000,000, the Inscriptions 
stipulated for in Article VIII shall be returned to France. 

Fulfilment by France of Engagements relative to Clothing and 

Equipment of Allied Anmes, 

Art. XVI. The French Government engages to execute, inde- 
pendently of the Pecuniary Indemnity sti[)ulated by the present 
Convention, all the Engagements stipulated for in the Special 
Conventions concluded with the different Powers and their Co- 
Allies, relative to the clothing and equipment of their Armies ; 
and engages for the exact deliverance and payment of the Bons 
and Mandats arising from the said Conventions, in as far as they 
shall not have been already discharged, at the time of the signa- 
tuit) of the Principal Treaty, and of the present Convention. 

Done at Paris, this 20th day of November, in the year of Our 
Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 

(L.S.) RICEELIED. 



355 2 A 2 



20 Nov., 1816.] OKEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [Ho. 42 

[Snd Peace of Paris. Uilltazy Line.] 



No. ^2.— CONVENTION between Great Britain, Austria, 
Prussia, and Russia, arid France, relative to tJie Occupation 
of a Military Line in France by an Allied Anny. Signed 
at Paris, 20th November, 1815. 

[This Convention was annexed to the Definitive Treaty of the 

same date. See Art II]. 

ABT. TlBLE. 

Conyention between OretU Britain and France^ concluded in conformity 
to Article Y of the Principal Treaty, relatiye to the occupation of a 
Military Line in France, by an Allied Army. 

1. Composition of Army of Occupation. 

2. Maintenance of Army of Occupation by French Government. Daily 

Rations. Pay, Equipment, Clothing, &c. Amount to be paid by 
French Government. 

3. Maintenance of Fortresses by French Gbvemment. Services required by 

Commander-in-Chief of Allied Troops to be executed by French 
Government. French Gk)vemment to secure accomplishment of 
services required. 

4. Military Line to be occupied by Allied Troops. Territories not to bo 

occupied by Allied or French Troops. Towns to be Garrisoned by 
French Troops. Materiel not belonging to Fortresses to bo removed 
by French Government. Infraction of Stipulations to be redressed by 
French Government. Garrisoning of Fortresses by French Troops. 
6. Military Command by Gkneral-in-Chief of Allied Troops. 

6. Civil Administration, &c., to remain in hands of French Government. 

Customs to remain in hands of French Ghovemmeut. 

7. Prevention of Abuses of Customs Regulations. 

8. Services of the Oendarmerie. 

9. Evacuation by Allied Troops. Delivery of Territories and Fortresses to 

Allies. Commissioners to ascertain state of Places delivered to Allies. 
Commissioners to ascertain state of Places occupied b^ French Troops. 
Places occupied by French Troops to be delivered up to Allies. Com- 
missioners to ascertain state of Fortresses and Military' Stores, &c., 
contained therein. Restoration at Expiration of Temporary Occupa- 
tion. 

Additional Article, 

Mutual Delivery of Military Deserters. Delivery of Deserters previous 
to Signature of Treaty. 

Annex. 

Tariff annexed to Convention. 

856 



No. 42] aBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AKD FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 

[find Peace of Paris. Military Line.] 

(English version.*) 

Convention between Great Britain and France^ concluded in con" 
formity to Article V of the Principal Treaty (No. 40), relative 
to the Occupation of a Military Line in France^ by an Allied 
Army.f 

Composition of Army of Occupation, 

Akt. I. The composition of the Army of 150,000 men, which, 
in virtue of Article V of the Treaty of this day (No. 40), is to 
occupy a Military Line along the Frontiers of France, the force 
and nature of the contingents to be furnished by each Power, as 
well as the choice of the Grenerals who are to command those 
troops, shall be determined by the AlUed Sovereigns. 

Maintenance of Army of Occupation by French Government. 

Art. II. This Army shall be maintained by the French Go- 
vernment, in the maimer following : — 

The lodging, the fuel, and lighting, the provisions and forage, 
are to be furnished in kind. 

Daily Rations, 

It is agreed that the total amount of Daily Rations shall never 
exceed 200,000 for men, and 50,000 for horses, and that they 
shall be issued a(XX)rding to the tariff annexed to the present 
Convention. 

Pay^ Equipment^ Clothing^ 4rc. 

With respect to the pay, the Equipment, the Clothing, and 
other incidental matters, the French Grovemment will provide for 
such expense, by the payment of a sum of 50,000,000 of francs 
per annum, payable in specie from month to month, from the Ist 
of December of the year 1815, into the hands of the Allied 
Commissioners. 

Amount to be paid by French Government, 

But the Allied Powers, in order to concur as much as possible 
in every thing which can satisfy His Majesty the King of Franco, 
and relieve his subjects, consent that only 30,000,000 of francs, 

• For French Tcnion, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 298. 

t The Stipulations of the Conyontious concluded on the same day, between 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and France, upon this subject, were, verbatim 
the same as those of this Convention. 

357 



20 NOV^ 1815.] (}BBAT BBITAIN, &c,, AND FBANOB. [No. 42 

[52nd Peaoa of Paris, miitary Line]. 

on account of fmy, shall be paid in the first year, on condition of 
the difference being made up in the subsequent years of the 
Occupation. 

Maintenance of Fortresses by French Oovernment. 

Art. III. Prance engages equally to provide for the keeping 
up of the Fortifications, and of the buildings of the militaiy and 
dvil administrations, as well as for the arming and provisioning 
the Fortresses which, in virtue of Article V of the Treaty of this 
day (No. 40), are to remain as a deposit in the hands of the 
Allied Troops. 

Services required btj Commander-in-Chief of Allied Troops to be 

exectUed by French Government. 

These respective services, which are to be regulated upon the 
principles adopted by the French administration of the War De- 
partment, shall be executed upon a demand, addressed to the 
French Govermoent by the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied 
Troops, with whom some plan shall be agreed upon for ascertain- 
ing what may be needful, and concerting the measures necessary 
to remove all difficulties which may arise, and for accomplishing 
the object of this Stipulation, in a manner equally satisfactory to 
the interests of the respective Parties. 

French Government to secure accomplishment of Services required. 

The French Government will take such measures as it shall 
judge to be the most effectual, for securing the accomplishment 
of the different services stated in this and in the preceding 
Article ; and will concert to that effect with the Commander-in- 
Chief of the Allied Troops. 

Military Line to be occupied by Allied Troops, 

Art. IV. In conformity with Article V of the Principal Treaty 
(No. 40), the Military Line to be occupied by the Allied Troops, 
shall extend along the frontiers which separate the Departments 
of the Pas de Calais, of the North, of the Ardennes, of the 
Meuse, of the Moselle, of the Lower Rhine, and of the Upper 
Khine, from the interior of France. 

Territories not to be occupied by Allied or French Troops, 

It is further agreed, that neither the Allied Troops nor the 

858 



No. 42] aBBAT BRITAIN, &o., AND FBANCB. [20 NOT., 1815. 

[Sad Peaoa of Paris. KUitary Line.] 

French troops shall occupy (except it be for particular reasons, 
and by common consent) the territories and districts hereafter 
named : id est :^^ 

In the Department of the Somme, all the country north of 
that river, from Ham to where it falls into the sea. 

In the Department of the Aisne, the districts of St. Quentin, 
Vervins, and La6n. 

In the Department of the Mame, those of Rheims, St. Men^- 
hould, and Vltry ; 

In the Department of the Upper Mame, those of St. Dizier 
and Joinville. 

In the Department of the Meurthe, those of Toul, Dieuze^ 
Sarrebourg, and Blamont. 

In the Department of the Vosges, those of St. Diez, Bmg&res, 
and Remiremont. 

The District of Lure, in the Department of the Upper Sadne, 
and that of St. Hyppolite, in the Department of the Doubs. 

Towns to be Oarrisoned by French Troops. 

Notwithstanding the occupation by the Allies of the portion 
of Territory fixed by the Principal Treaty (No. 40), and by the 
present Convention, His Most Christian Majesty may, in the Towna 
situated within the territory occupied, maintain garrisons, the 
number of which, however, shall not exceed what is laid down in 
the following enumeration : — 







Mon. 


At Calais 


. « • • . • • 


. 1,000 


„ Graveline§ 




. 600 


„ Bergues 




.. 500 


„ St. Omer 




. 1,500 


„ Bethune 




. 500 


„ Montreuil 




.. 600 


„ Hesdin 




.. 260 


„ Ardres 




. 150 


„ Aire . . 




500 


„ Arras 




. 1,000 


„ Boulogne 




.. ^00 


„ St. Venant 




.. 300 


„ Lille . . 




,. 8,000 


„ Dunkirk and its Forts 


.. 1,000 


^ Dooay and 


Fort de Scarpe . . 
859 


.. 1,000 



20 Nov., 1815.] GBBAJ BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 42 

[2nd Peace of Paris. Military Line.] 

I 

I 

; Men. 

j At Verdun . . 600 

i „ Metz 3,000 



<: 



„ Weissenburg 


• • 




.. 150 


„ Lichtenberg. . 






.. 150 


„ Petite Pierre 






a. 100 


„ Phalsburg . . 






.. 600 


„ Strasburg . . 






.. 3,000 


„ Schlestadt a . 






a. 1,000 


„ Neuf Brisach and Fort Mortier 


.. 1,000 


„ Belfort 


• • 


• • 


.. 1,000 



Materiel not belonging to Fortresses to be removed by French 

Government, 

It is, however, well understood, that the Materiel belonging to 
the Engineer and Artillery Departments, as well as such articles 
of military equipment as do not properly belong to those Fortresses, 
shall be withdrawn from them, and shall be transported to such 
places as the French Govermnent shall think fit, provided those 
places are situated without the Imo occupied by the Allied Troops, 
and without the districts in which it is agreed not to leave any 
troops, either Allied or French. 

Infraction of Stipulations to be Redressed by French Government, 

If any infraction of the above stipulations should come to the 
knowledge of the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Armies, he 
shall make his representations on the subject to the French 
Government, which engages to do what is right thereupon. 

Garrisoning of Fortresses by French Troops. 

The Fortresses abovementioned being at this moment unpro- 
vided with garrisons, the French Government can place therein, 
as soon as it shall think fit, the number of troops fixed as above ; 
apprizuig always before hand the Commander-in-Chief of the 
Allied Troops, in order to avoid any difficulty and delay which the 
French troops might experience in their march. 

Military Command by Gefteral-in- Chief of Allied Troops. 

Art. V. The Military Command in the whole extent of the 
Departments which shall remain occupied by the Allied Troops, 

36C 



No. 42] GEEAT BBITAIN, &o., AND FEANOE. [20 Nov., 1815. 

C&id Peace of Parle. Uilltary Line.] 

shall belong to. the General -in-Chiof of those troops; it is, how- 
ever, distinctly understood, that it shall not extend to the For- 
tresses which the French troops are to occupy, in virtue of 
Article IV of the present Convention nor to a rayon of 1,000 toises 
around each of those places. 

(Xvil Administration^ ^c, to remain in hands of French Government, 

Abt. VI. The Civil Administration, the Administration of 
Justice, and the collection of taxes and contributions of all sorts, 
shall remain in the hands of the agents of His Majesty the King 
of France. 

Customs to remain in hands of French Government, 

The same shall be the case with respect to the Customs. 
They shall remain in their present state, and the Commanders of 
the Allied Troops shall throw no obstacle in the way of the mea- 
sures to be taken by the officers employed in that service, to 
prevent frauds ; they shall even give them in case of need, succour 
and assistance. 

Prevention of Abuses of Customs Regulations, 

Art. VII. To prevent all abuses which might affect the regu- 
lations of the Customs, the clothing, and equipments, and other 
necessary articles destined for the Allied Troops, shall not be 
allowed to enter, except they be furnished with a certificate of 
origin, and in pursuance of a communication to he made by the 
commanding officers of the different corjjs, to the General-in-Chief 
of the Allied Army, who will, on his part, cause information to be 
given thereof to the French Government, who will, in conse- 
quence thereof, issue the proper orders to their officers employed 
in the administration of the Customs. 

Services of the Gendarmerie, 

Abt. VIII. The service of the Gendarmerie being acknowledged 
as necessary to the maintenance of order and public tranquillity, 
shall continue, as hitherto, in the comitries occupied by the Allied 
Troops. 

Evacuation hy Allied Troops, 

Abt. IX. The Allied Troops, with the exception of those that 
are to form the Army of Occupation, shall evacuate the Territory 
of France in 21 days, after the signature of the Principal Treaty. 

361 



20 NOV^ 1815.] OBEAT BBITAm, &o., AJH) FRANOE. [No. 42 

[2nd Peace of Paris. Military Line.] 

Delivery of Territories and Fortresses to Allies, 

The Territories which, according to that Treaty, are to be 
ceded to the Allies, as well as the Fortresses of Landau and Sarre- 
Louis, shall be delivered up by the French authorities and troops, 
in 10 days from the date of the signature of the Treaty. 

Those places shall be given up in the state in which they were 
on the 20th of September last. 

Commissioners to ascertain State of Places delivered to Allies. 

Commissioners shall be named on both sides, to ascertain and 
declare that state, and to deliver and receive res|)ectively the 
artillery, the military stores, plans, models, and archives, belonging 
as well to the said places as to the different districts ceded by 
France, according to the Treaty of this day. 

Commissioners to ascertain State of Places occupied hy French 

Troops.] 

Commissioners shall also be named, to examine and ascertain 
the state of those places still occupied by the French Troops, and 
which, according to Article V of the Principal Treaty (No. 40), 
are to be held in deposit, for a certain time, by the Allies. 

Places occupied hy French Troops to be delivered up to Allies. 

These places shall also be delivered up to the Allied '^roops 
in 10 days, from the date of the signature of the Treaty. 

Commissioners to ascertain State of Fortresses and Military Stores^ ^c, 

contained therein. 

Commissioners shall also be named by the French Oovemment, 
on the one part, and by the General Conunandmg-in-Chief the 
Allied Troops destined to remain in France, on the other ; also by 
the General Commanding the Allied Troops which are at present 
in possession of the Fortresses of Avesnes, Landrecies, Maubeuge, 
Rocroy, Givet, Montmedy, Longwy, Mezieres, and Sedan, to 
ascertain and declare the state of those places, and of the nnli- 
tary stores, maps, plans, models, &c., which they shall contain, at 
the moment which shall be considered as that of the occupation 
in virtue of the Treaty. 

862 



No. 42] GBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCB. [20 No?., 1815. 

[find Peaoe of Paris. Military Line.] 

Restoration at Expiration of Temporary Occupation, 

The Allied Powers engage to restore, at the expiration of the 
temporary Occupation, all the places named in Article V of the 
Principal Treaty, in the state in which they shall have been found 
at the time of that occupation, save and except the damages 
which may have been caused by time, and which the French 
Government should not have provided against by the necessary 
repairs.* 

Done at Paris, this 20th day of November, in the year of Our 

Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) RICHELIEU. (L.S.) WELLINGTON. 



Abditional Abticle. Deserters. Paria^ 20M Noveniber^ 1815. 

(Translation.) 

Mutual Delivery of Military Deserters, 

The High Contracting Parties having agreed, by Article V. of 
the Treaty of this day, to occupy for a certain period with an 
Allied Army, military positions in France ; and being desirous of 
anticipating all that might hazard the order and discipline which 
it is so important to maintain in that Army, it is determined upon 
by the present Additional Article, that every Deserter who, from 
either of the corps of the said Army, should go over to the French 
side, shall immediately be arrested by the French authorities, and 
delivered up to the nearest Commander of the Allied Troops, in 
like manner as all Deserters from the French troops, who might 
come over towards the Allied Army, shall be immediately delivered 
up to the nearest French Commandant. 

Delivery of Deserters previous to Signature of Treaty. 

The tenor of this Article is to apply equally to such Deserters 
from either side, who may have forsaken their colours previously 
to the signature of the Treaty ; the same to be without delay 
restored and delivered up to the respective corps to which they 
may belong. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
validity, as if it were inserted, word for word, in the Military Con- 
vention of this day. 

• See OnTention of 9th October, 1818. 

863 



20 No?.j 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &o., AND FRANCE. [No. 42 

[2zid Peace of Farie. Military Line.] 

In faith whoroof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th November, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 



(Annex,) — Tariff annexed to the Convention relative to the 
Occupation of a Military Line in France hy an Allied 
Anny, 

I. Provisions J Forage, Quarters, and FwL 
Ordinary Portion of the Soldier. 

Two pounds (poids de marc) of meslin bread, or If of a pound 
of flour, or 1\ of a pound of biscuit. 

Quarter of a pound of oatmeal or grits, or -^^- of a pound of 
rice, or i of a pound of tine wheaten flour, peas, or lentils, or 
^ of a pound of potatoes, carrots, turnips, or other fresh vege- 
tables. 

Half a pound of fresh meat, or J of a pound of bacon. 

One-tenth of a litre of spirits, or J of a litre of wine, or 1 
litre of beer. 

One-thirtieth of a pound of salt. 

1. In case the troops should be quartered on the inhabitants, 
they shall enjoy the use of fire and candle ; in barracks, wood 
for the rooms and kitchens ; and lights for the rooms and cor- 
ridors shall be allowed, according to circumstances, in exact pro- 
portion to whal is strictly necessary. The same shall be ob- 
served with respect to the Guard. 

2. Substitutes for the usual articles of the ration arc not to 
be given at the discretion of the troops, but according to circum- 
stances. 

The articles of provision shall, where practicable, be varied 
according to the season, giving generally a preference to farina- 
ceous vegetables. 

Bacon may be given where the troops are willing to receive it. 

3. Flour, for bread, shall npt be given in lieu of bread, ex- 
cepting with the consent of the troops; and in that case, wood, 
and the necessary conveniences for baking, nmst be granted ; 
biscuit shall be given only in case of a movement, or of necessity, 

3G4 



"V 

k ". 



Ho. 42] GBJEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 No?., 1815. 

' [find Peace of Paris. Military I<ine.] 

or to complete the ten days' supply in reserve, with which the 
troops should be provided in their flying hospitals. 

This store shall be furnished in addition to the daily supply ; 
moreover in order to ensure a regular supply, it is to be under- 
stood that, within the space of two months, the magazines are to 
be so provisioned, that there be always a supply of provisions 
and forage (meat excepted) in store for a fortnight in advance, 
under the inspection of the French Storekeepers. 

The Commissaries of the several Corps d'Arm^e shall be 
authorised to inspect this store in reserve when they may think 
proper. 

4. The meat shall be delivered slaughtered, without including 
the head, feet, lights, liver, and other internal parts. If, with 
the consent of the troops, live cattle be delivered, the weight 
shall be fixed by an exact computation, including the head, the 
fat, and whatever is eatable. 

. The hides shall, in this case, belong to the troops. 

5. On a march, and on other occasions where the soldier shall 
be fed par etape, the same tariff shall be iu force ; the soldier 
shall then receive his portion, or an adequate equivalent, prepared 
and divided into two meals, and in the morning a portion of bread 
and spirits. 

6. Receipts shall be granted by regiments, companies, and 
detachments, for the number of rations and portions received ; 
which receipt shall be revised and confirmed in each corps, by a 
Mixed Commission, whose official expenses shall be regulated 
and paid by the French Govenmient. 

7. As several of the troops are accustomed to tobacco for 
smoking, and as the soldier will not be able to purchase this 
article at the very high price that exists in France, it is stipu- 
lated, that regiments, companies, or detachments, shall be entitled 
to demand half a kilogramme of tobacco, per month, for each 
man present, on paying 60 centimes for each half kilogramme of 
the most inferior quality sold in the shops, but fresh. In order 
to prevent any contraband practices arising therefrom, upon the 
issues to be distributed amongst the regiments, there shall be 
specified the quantities of tobacco delivered. 

Officer's Portion, 
Two pounds of white bread. 
Quarter of a pound of fine grits, or substitutes. 
Two pounds of meat. 

365 



20 NOV^ 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCB. [Ko. 42 

[find Peace of Paris. Killtary Line.] 



A portion of liquor of good quality. 

Two tallow caudles, eight to the pound. 

To prevent incouvenienoe, it were to be wished, that this part 
of the portion should be estimated at a certain sum per diem, for 
all the Corps d'Arm^e, and should always be given in money. 

Moreover, -jSg. of a stei'e of hard firewood, or, according to 
circumstances, soft wood, coal, or turf, in the proportion esta- 
blished ftl the French Service. 

This part of the portion shall be always given in kind, except 
during a march. The summer ration shall be one-half that of the 
winter, and there shall be reckoned six months to the winter. 

In those provinces where coal is generally burnt, the com- 
mutation between wood and coal shall be made, as well for the 
Officer as for the soldier, according to the tariff of commutation 
of the same articles in use in the French Army. 

Likewise the quarters, with beds and bedding. 

The portions and the quarters shall be given to the Officers 
according to the following table : — 



Bank. 



Subalterns 

Captains of Cavalry, 
of Infantry, and 
en second 

Majors 

Lieutenant-Colonels 
Colonels 



Major-Ghnerals .... 



Lieutenant-Generals 



•Gksnerals of Cavalry, 
of Infantry, or 
commanding a 
Corps d'Arm^. . . 



Number 

of 
portions 
of pro- 
visions. 



Number 

of 

rations of 

fuel. 



} 



2 



6 



2 
3 
3 
3 



Number 
of 

smtable 
apart- 
ments. 



2 
3 
8 
3 



Number 

of 

places 

for 

Servants. 



lto2 



Observations. 



9 



12 



3"^ 

4 

4j 



Commanding 
a Eegiment, one 
additional ration 
of provision and 
fuel, one room, 
one servant's 
room more. 

Commanding 
a Division or at- 
tacbcd to the 
Stair, one por- 
tion more of each 
article. 

• They shall 
be lodged in suit- 
able hotels, pro- 
perly supplied 
with fuel. 



366 



Ho. 42] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 

[Slid Peace of Paris. Military Line.] 

1. The servant shall likewise receive the portion of the 
soldier, hut only when borne as effective on the muster-roll, and 
not beyond the number allowed in each Army. 

2. The Civil and Medical Departments shall be assimilated 
with the Military, in every thing, according to their respective 
ranks. 

3. In case of necessity, more particularly on a march, a 
smaller number of apartments shall suffice. In barracks the 
quarters shall be regulated according to circumstances, and c(m- 
jointly with the Commandants. 

Fwage. — Light "Ration, 

Oats, f of a bushel. 
Hay, 10 pounds. 
Straw, 3 pounds. 

Heavjf Ration, 

Oats, 1 bushel (Paris measure). 
Ilay, 10 pounds. 
Straw, 3 pounds. 

1. The heavy ration shall be given for the saddle horses of 
Officers, for horses of regular cavalry, light and heavy, for artil- 
lery horses that draw the guns and caissons. 

All other horses, including cossack horses, shall receive only 
the light ration, except by the rules of the service of each Army 
there should be other draft horses entitled to the heavy ration. 

On a march which may continue for more than four days, all 
the horses on the march shall receive the heavy ration. 

2. The forage may be varied in case of necessity, by reckon- 
ing six rations of barley, and, in extreme scarcity, as many of 
rye, for eight rations of oats; and half a light ration of oats for 
five pounds of hay. The latter substitute may be demanded as 
a matter of right, by those troops whose ration of hay is gene- 
rally under ten pounds, and that of oats more liberal. 

3. Straw shall be furnished from the magazines for the stables 
of the barracks, and the dung shall belong to the troops who 
are to remove it themselves. 

When quartered on the inhabitant, he shall supply straw 
according to the tariff, and shall have the advantage of the 
dung. 

4. Stabling shall be panted to regiments and companies for 

367 



20 NOV^ 1815.] GBBAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 42 

[2nd Feaoe of Paris. Military Line.] 

the effective number of horses, also light and accommodation for 
the guard, and place for the baggage and forage. 

5. Forage for the horses of the Officers of different ranks 
shall be given to each Army, according to the regulations in force 
with them respectively, previous to the date of the present tariff. 
It shall be delivered according to such Returns, without any 
deduction. 

Officers shall claim stable -room for the actual number of their 
horses, and room for their baggage and forage, but not candle- 
light. For each horse there shall be allotted a space of 8 f<9et 
long and 4 feet broad. 

General Remarks. 

Beyond the present tariff, the troops shall not be entitled to 
claim anything, and shall be obhged to purchase at their own 
expense the articles not comprehended in it, such as soap, butter, 
chalk, pipe-clay, &c. 

With respect to guard-houses and sentry-boxes, the towns 
will provide for them at their own expense. 

II. Hospitals, 

The administration of the Hospitals shall in general be in the 
hands of the French authorities, according to the established 
order ; but in the subsistence of the sick, respect shall be had to 
the Regulation published by each Anny on its entrance into 
France. Everything necessary, medicines included, shall be pro- 
vided at the exjiense of the French Govenmient. On the other 
hand, nothing shall be granted for Regimental Hospitals, beyond 
the usual portions and quarters, which shall be claimed by regi- 
ments for their sick, as well as for their effective. Each Corps 
d'Armde shall send to the Hospital destined for its sick, the 
necessary medical or other assistance, to secure proper treatment. 
All soldiers sent to the Hospitals shall be received, and the Hos- 
pitals shall be established at convenient distances. 

III. Transport, 

When the troops are on a march, carriages shall be furnished 
by the French Government, on the demand of the Commander- 
in-Chief. The same rule shall be observed for the transport of 
tbe sick. The necessary relays for the communication between 
different parts of a Corps d'ArmIe shall also be granted ; but the 

368 



Ho. 42] GEEAT BEITAIX, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815- 

[8nd Fea€e of Paris. Military Line.] 

greatest moderation shall be observed on this subject. With 
respect to the conveyance of military effects to the Army from 
beyond the French frontier, such conveyances shall l)e made by 
relays of the country, only till the 1st of February', 181G, and 
merely for moderate quantities. 

IV. Posts^ Dispatches, Couriers, ^*c. 

All Dispatches connected with the interior service of the 
different corps, and correspondence with the French authorities, 
bearing an Official Seal, shall be received and forwarded, without 
payment, at the usual posts. Estafettes and private lettera of 
the Military shall be paid for at the usual prices. Couners and 
travellers, military or otherwise, shall pay punctually for post- 
horses. 

V, Douanes, 

Articles for the clothing of the troops shall enter free from 
duty, on Certificates well authenticated. Military persons joining 
the Armies, or leaving France, shall be exempt from payment of 
all duties, on whatever is for their own use, or that of the troopp. 

Agreed upon, and signed at Paris, the 20th of November, in 
the year of Our Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. (L.8.) WELLINGTON. 



869 2 B 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 43 
[NeutraUty of Switierland and Parts of Savoy.] 



No. 43. — ACT^ signed by the ProUcting Powers, Aushna, 
France, Great Britain, Prussia and Russia, for the acknoio- 
ledgment and Guarantee of the Perpetual Neutrality of 
Sicitzerland, and the Inviolability of its Territory. Pains, 
20th November, 1815. 



(Tiaiislaliofi a« laid before Parfiament.*) 

The Accession of Switzerland to the Declaration published at 
Vienna the 20th March, 1815 (No. 9), by the Powers who signed the 
Treaty of Paris (No. 1), having been duly notified to the Ministers 
of the Imix>rial and Royal Courts, by the Act of the Ilelvptlc Diet 
on the 27tli of the month of May following (No. 20), there remai*xpcl 
nothing to prevent the Act of Acknowledgment and Guarantee ot 
the pei-potual Neutrality of Switzerland from being made conform- 
ably to the above-mentioned Declaration. But the Powers deemeil 
it exjiedient to suspend till this day the signature of that Act, in 
consequence of tlie changes which the events of the war, and the 
arrangements which miglit ix>sult from it might possibly occasion 
in the limits of Switzerland, and in respect also to the modifica- 
tions resulting therefrom, in the arrangements relative to tlio 
federated territory'', for the benefit of the ITelvetic Body. 

These changes l)eing fixed by the stipulations of the Tiwity of 
Paris signed this day (No. 40), the Powei-s who signed the Decla- 
ration of Vienna of tlie 20tli March declare, by tliis pivsent Act, their 
formal and authentic Acknowledgment of the perpetual Neutrality 
of Switzerland ; and they Guarantee to that countiy the Integrity 
and Inviolability of its Territoiy in its new limits, such as they 
are fixed, as well by the Act of the Congress of Vienna (No. 27) as 
by the Ti-eaty of Paris of this day (No. 40), and such as they will 
1)0 hei-eafter; coftfovmahly to the Arrangement of the Protocol of the 
'<Srd Xitvemher^ extract of icln'ch is liereto annexed {No, 38), ivhich 
yfipuhitea in/avour of the Helvetic liothi a new increase of Territory, 
to he taken fruni *sV/iv>//, in order to disengage from Enclaves, and 
conqjiete the circle of the Canton of Geneva, 

The Powers acknowle(lgt> likewise and guarantee the Neutrality 
of those parts of Sav(»y designated by the Act of the Congress of 

* For French Version, see " State Papers," roL ill, p. 869. 

870 



No. 43] OBEAT BBITAIN, kc, AND FRANCE. [20 No?., 1815. 
[Neutrality of Bwitserland and Farts of SaToy.] 

Vienna of the 20th May, 1815 (No. 19), and by the Treaty of Paiis 
signed this day (No. 40), the same being entitled to participate 
in the Neutrality of Switzerland, equally as if they belonged to 
that country.* 

The Powers who signed the Declaration of the 20th of March 
(No. 9) acknowledge, in tlie. most formal manner, by the present 
Act, that the Neutrality and Inviolability of Switzerland, and her 
Independence of all foreign influence, enter into the tnio interests 
of the policy of the whole of Europe. 

They declare that no consequence unfavourable to the rights 
of Switzerland with respect to its Neutrality and the Inviolability 
of its Territory can or ought to be drawn from the events which 
led to the passage of the Allied Troops across a part of the Hel- 
vetic States. This passage, fi^eely consented to by the Cantons 
in the Convention of the 20th May, was the necessary result of 
the free adherence of Switzerland to the principles manifested by 
the Powers who signed the Ti-eaty of Alliance of the 25th Maix^h.f 

The Powei*s acknowledge with satisfaction that the conduct 
of Switzerland under these trying circumstxinces has shown that 
she knew how to make great sacnfices to the general good, and 
to the support of a cause which all the Powers of EurojM) 
defended, and that, in fine, Switzerland has deserved the advan- 
tages which have been secured to her, whether by the Arrange- 
ments of the Congress of Viemia (No. 27), by the Treaty of 
Paris of this day (No. 40), or by the present Act, to which all 
the Powera in Eurojx} are invited to accede. 

In faith of w^hich the present Declaration has been concluded 
and signed at Paris the 20th Novenil)er, 1815. 

The Signatures follow in the Alphal)etical Order of the Courts. 

LE PRINCE DE jVIETTERNICII. 
LE BARON DE WESSENBERU. 

RICIIELIEr. 

CASTLERK:VGII. 
WELLINGTON. 

LE PRINCE DE ILVRDENBERi^. 
LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

LE PRINCE DE RASOUMOFFSKI. 
LE COMTE CAPO D'ISTRIA. 



Austria. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


France. 


(L.S.) 


Great Britain. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


Prissia. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


IlrssiA. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 



* See not^ as to Erents of 1860 and 1870, p. 261. 

371 



t See Appendix. 
2 B 2 



20 Nov., 18150 GREAT BRITAIN AND AUSTRU, &c. [Ho. 4t4 
[Allianoe of 4 Powers. Peace of Europe.] 

No. 44. — TREATY of Alliance and Friendship between 
Great Britaiiiy Austria {Prnssiay and Russia). Signed 
at Paiisy iQUi November^ 1815. 

Abt. Table. 

Freftmble. Alliance and Friendship. Proceedings of Napoleon Bona- 
parte, Chtarantee of Peace to Europe. 

1. Execution of Treaties of Peace, &o., with France, of 20ih Norember, 1815. 

2. Confirmation of Arrangements of 1814 and 1815. Exclusion of Bona- 

parte Familtf from Supreme Power in France, Measures of General 
Security. 

3. Military Line in France, Renewal of Alliance of Chaumont, 

4. Additional Forces in the event of War. Conditions of Peace. 
6. Duration of Engagements. 

6. Renewal of Meetings of the Allies for maintenance of Peace of Europe. 

7. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 
The purpose of the iVlliance concluded at Vienna the 25th day 
of March, 1815,t having been happily attained by the re-esta- 
blishment in France of the order of things which the last criminal 
attempt of Napoleon Bonaparte had momentarily sub veiled; 
Their Majesties the King of the Uniteil Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and 
Bohemia, the Emperor of all the Russias, and the King of 
Prussia, considering that the repose of Euroi^e is essentially in- 
terwoven with the confirmation of the order of things founded 
on the maintenance of the Royal Authority and of tlie Constitu- 
tional Charter, and wishing to employ all their means to prevent 
the general Tranqnillity (the object of the wishes of mankind and 
the constant end of tlieir effort^;, from being again disturbed ; 
desirous moreover to draw closer the ties which imite them for 
the common interests of their people, have resolved to give to 
the piinciples solemnly laid down in the Treaties of Chaumont of 
the 1st March, 1814,t and of Vienna of the 25th of March, 1815,t 
the application the most analogous to the present state of affairs, 
and to fix beforehand by a solemn Treaty the principles which 
they propose to follow, in order to guarantee Europe from 
dangers by which she may still be menaced ; for which purpose 
the High Contracting Parties have named to discuss, settle and 
sign the conditions of this Treaty, namely ; 

* For French Vertion, see " State Papers " vol. iii, p. 273. 

t See Appendix. 



''"2 



Ho. 44] GREAT BRITAIN AND AUSTRU, &c. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Allianoe of 4 Powers. Peace of Europe]. 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart 
Viscount Castlereagh, &c., &c., &c., and the Most Illustrious and 
Most Noble Lord Arthur, Duke, Marquis and Earl of Wellington, 
Marquis of Douro, Viscount Wellington of Talavera and of 
Wellington, and Baron Douro, of Wellesley, &c., &c, &c., 

And His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary 
and Bohemia, the Sieur Clement Wenceslas Lothaire, Prince of 
Mettemich-Winnebourg-Ochsenhausen, &c., &c., and the Sieur 
John Philip Baron of Wessenberg, &c., &c., who, after having 
exchanged their full powers, found to be in good and due form, 
have agreed upon the following Articles : 

Execution of Treaties of Peace,, ^-c, ivitk France^ of 

20th November, 1815. 
Art. I. The High Contracting Parties reciprocally promise to 
maintain, in its force and vigour, the Treaty signed this day with 
His Most Christian Majesty (No. 40), and to see that the stipula- 
tions of the said Treaty, as well as those of the Particular Con- 
ventions which have reference thereto (Nos. 41, 42, 45, 46), 
shall be strictly and faithfully executed in their fullest extent 

Confirmation of Arrangements of 1814 and 1815. Exclusion of 
Bonaparte Family from Svpi'cme Power in France, Measures 
of General Security, 

Abt. II. The High Contracting Parties, having engaged in 
the War which has just terminated, for the pm^pose of maintaining 
inviolably the Arrangements settled at Paris last year (No. 1), for 
the safety and interest of Euroi>e, have judged it advisable to renew 
the sj^d Engagements by the present Act, and to confirm them as 
mutually obligatory, subject to the modifications contained in the 
Treaty signed this day with the Plenipotentiaries of His Most 
Christian Majesty (No. 40), and particularly those by which Napo- 
leon Bonaparte and his family, in pursuance of the Treaty of the 
11th of April, 1814,* have been for ever excluded from Supreme 
Power in France, which exclusion the Contracting Powers bind 
themselves, by the present Act, to maintain in full vigour, and, 
should it be necessaiy, with the whole of their forces.f And as the 

• Sec Appendix. 

f Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed President of the 
French Bepublic, 20th December, 1848, and Emperor of the French, bj the 
title of Napoleon III, on the 2nd December, 1852. These titles were recog- 
nized by all the Powers of Europe. 

373 



20 Nov,, 1816J OBEAT BRITAIN AND AUSTRIA, &C. [Mo. 44 

[Alliance of 4 Powers. Peace of Burope]. 

aamo Revolutionary Principles which upheld the last aiminal 
usuq>atio]i, might again, under other foiiiis, convulse France, and 
thereby endanger the i-epose of other States ; under these circum- 
stances, the High Contracting Parties solemnly admitting it to be 
their duty to redouble their watchfulness for the tranquillity and 
interests of their people, engage, in case so unfortunate an event 
should again occur, to concert amongst themselves, and with His 
Most Christian Majesty, the measures which they may jndgQ 
necessarj^ to bo pui*aued for the safety of their respective States, 
and for the general Ti-anquillity of Europe. 

Military Line in France, Renewal of Alliance of Chaumont, 
Art. III. The High Contracting: Pai-ties, in agi^ng with IDs 
Most Christian INIajesty that a Line of Ttlilitaiy Positions in Prance 
should be occupied by a corps of Allied Troops during a certain 
number of years (No. 42), had in view to secure, "r^v^ar as lay in 
their power, the effect of the stipulations contained i^^\rticle0 I 
and II of the present Ti-eaty, and, unifonnly disposed t^idopt 
cveiy salutary measure calculated to secure the Ti*anquilliy of 
Europe by maintaining the oi-der of things re-established in Frafce, 
they engage, in case the said body of troops should bo attackxl 
or menaced with an attack on the pait of France, that the 8 dd 
Powers should be again obliged to place themselves on a \\?ar 
establishment against that Powci*, in order to maintain either of 
the said stipulations, or to secure and support the great inteit^s •» 
to which they relate, each of the High Contracting Parties shall 
furnish, without delay, according to the stipulations of the Treat^y 
of Chaumont,* and especially in pursuance of Articles VII anc^ 
VIII of this Treaty, its full contingent of 00,000 men, Jin ad- 
dition to the forces left in France, or such part of the said 
contingent as the exigency of the case may require, should be put 
in motion. 

Additional Forces iw the event of War. Conditions of Peace, 
Art. IV. If, unfortunately, the forces stipulated in the preced- 
ing Article should be found insuflScient, the High Contractuig 
Parties will concert together, without loss of tune, as to the 
additional number of troops to be furnished by each for the sup- 
port of the common cause; and they engage to employ, in case 
of need, the whole of their forces, in order to bring the War to a 
speedy and successful termination, reserving to themselves the 

* 1st Moroh, 1814. Se« Appendix. 

374 



Ho. 44] GREAT BRITAIN AND AUSTRIA, &c. [20 Nov., 1815, 
[Alllanoe of 4 Powers, Peace of Europe.] 

right to prescribe, by common consent, sucli conditions of Peace 
as shall hold out to Em-ope a suflScient guarantee against the 
recm'rence of a similar calamity. 

Duration of Engagements, 
Art. V. The High Contracting Parties having agixHJcl to the 
ili8|K>sitions laid down in the preceding Articles, for the purjxjso 
of securing the effect of tlieir engagements during the period of 
the temporary occui)ation, declaiv, nioi-eover, tliat even after the 
expiration of this measure, the said engagements shall still 
remain in full foi-ce and vigom*, for the purpose of carrying int^ 
effect such measures as may be deemed necessary for the main- 
tenance of the stipulations contained in Articles I and II of the 
present Act. 

Reneivul of Meetings of the Allien for Maintenance of Peace of 

Europe, 
. Art. VL To facilitate and to secure the execution of the 
present Treaty, and to consolidate the comiections which at the 
present moment bo closely unite the Four Sovereigns for the hap- 
piness of the world, the High Contracting Parties have agreed to 
renew their Meetings at fixed periods, either under the immediate 
auspices of the Sovereigns themselves, or by their respective 
Ministers, for the purpose of consulting upon their common 
interests, and for the consideration of the measures which at 
each of those periods shall be considered the most salutaiy for 
the repose and prosperity of Nations, and for the maintenance of 

the Peace of Europe. 

Ratifications, 

Art. VII. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations shall be exchanged within two months, or sooner, if 
possible. 

In faith of wliich the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and aflSxed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th of November, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH (L.S.) METTERNICIL 

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. (L.S.) WESSENBERG. 

[Note, — Separate Treaties were signed on the same day by 
the Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain, Russia, and Prassia, 
1-espectively.] 

375 



20 Nov., 1815,] GEEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FBANCE. [No. 4 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Private Claims on France.] 

No. ^b.— CONVENTION between Great Britain^ (Austria, 
Prussia, and Russia), and France, relative to the Claims of 
the Subjects of the Allied Powers upon France. Signed at 
Paris, 20th November, 1815. 

[This Convention was annexed to the Definitive Treaty of the 

same date. See Arts. IX, XII.] 

Abt. Table. 

Convention between Great Britain and France, concluded in conformity 
to Article IX of the Principal Treaty, relatire to the Examination and 
Liquidation of the Claims upon the French Gh>yemment. 

1. Confirmation of Articles XIX to XXYI, XXX, and XXXI of Treaty 

of 30th May, 1814. 

2. Liquidation by France of Claims of Subjects of Allied Powers. Par- 

ticular Claims to which Liquidation Extends. Supplies and De- 
liveries. Production of Vouchers. Begulation of Prices. Arrears 
of Pay and Allowances, &c. Production of Vouchers. Vouchers for 
Claims of Civil Hospitals. Bestitution of Funds by French Post 
Office. Exceptions. Loans to French Authorities. National Domains. 
Indemnities. Seimbursement of Advances. Loss of (ground and 
Demolition and Destruction of Buildings. 

3. Hamburgh Bank Claims. 

4. Claims for Seizure of Colonial Q-oods in 181 3. Payment in Inscriptions 

on Ghreat Book of the Public Debt. 

5. Appointment of Commissioners of Liquidation and Arbitration. Ap- 

pointment of Commissioners. Duties of Commissioners of Liquida- 
tion. Duties of Arbitrators. Appointment of Beoord-keepers and 
Clerks. Commissioners of Arbitration to decide Cases in wliich 
Commissioners of Liquidation disagree. Composition of Commission 
of Arbitration. Arbitrators to be Summoned by Bccord-keeper. 
Notification of Judgment to Commission of Liquidation. Limit of 
Duties of the Commission. 

6. Beimbursement to France of Debts in Countries no longer belonging to 

France, France to pay Dividends on Inscriptions for Debts on 
Mortgage on Immovables. Countervailing Accounts to be settled by 
Mutual Consent. 

7. Reductions from Countervailing Accounts. 

8. Commission of Arbitration to be appointed to Settle Claim of Nether- 

lands to Interest of Debt of Holland, Composition of Commission. 
Oath to be taken by Commissioners. Commissioners of Liquidation 
to submit their opinions to the Arbitrators for decision. 



• The Stipulations of the Conventions upon this subject, concluded at 
the same time, between Great Britain and Austria, Prussia, and Bussia, were, 
verbatim, the same as this Convention ; which was distinguished as Conven- 
tion " No. 13 " in the Papers laid before Parliament. 

37G 



No, 45] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815 ' 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Private Claims on France.] 

Abt. . Table (continued), 

9. Liquidation of Dj'jts of Countries oeied to France, Basis on wkioli 
Comtnissiouers of Liquidation are to regulate thomsolves. 

10. Roimbursomoat of Securities. 

11. Funis depositsd by Ca.umunes and Public Eitablishments. 

12. Funds of Caisse d' Agriculture of Holland, 

13. Commissioners of Claims to Liquidate Claims of Pensions, &c., of 

Persons no longer French Subjects. Securities. Caisse d'Amortisso- 
mont, and Caisse de Service, &o . 

14. Arrears of Pensions. 

15. Restitution of Archives, Maps, &c., of Ceded Countries* 

16. Limit of Time for Presentation of Claims. 

17. Pajmeqt of Claims Adjudicated. 

18. Interest on Debts. 

19. Periods for Pajment of Claims. 

20. Appointment of Trustees to receive jearlj Revenue. Income to bo 

received every 6 mouths. Amount to be Funded. Insufficiency of 
Income to be made up. Disposal of Additional Inscriptions. Surplus 
of Inscriptions to be made over to French Government. 

21. Examination of Abstract of Liquidation. 

22. Renewal of Engagement by Sovereigns of Countries which have ceased 

to belong to France, 

23. Renewal of Engagement to refund to French Subjects claims on Ac- 

count of Securities, &c. 

24. Right of French Gh}vernmeut to make certain Deductions. 

25. Proceedings against Persons for Non-payment of Bills Accepted by them 

previous to May 30, 1814. 

26. Rides laid down to apply to Debts which France may claim from 

Governments of Countries Detached from France, 

Additional Article, 
Claim of Counts of Beniheim^ and Sleinfurth, 

Separate A rticle, France and Rtussia, 

Accession of France to the Arrangomouts of 1814 respecting tljM Duchy 
of Warsaw, 

» Soo Prussian Patent, 3rd October, 13G6. 



377 



20 Nov., 1815.] GBBAT BRITAIN, kc„ AND FRANCE. [Mo. 45 
[Snd Ptaco of Paris. Private Claims on Fra&oe.] 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Convention between Great Britain^ ^-c, atul France concluded in con- 
Jorniitff to Article IX of the Principal Treaty^ relative to the 
Examination and Liquidation of the Claims upon the French 
(jov€rnment.'\ 

In order to remove the DiflSciilties which have arisen in the 
execution of divers Articles of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th 
May, 1814 (No. 1), and especially of those relating to the Claims 
of Subjects of the Allied Sovereign Powers, the High Contracting 
Parties, being desii-ous of enabling their respective subjects 
speedily to enjoy the rights which those Articles ensure to them, 
and at the same time prevent as much as possible all controversy 
which might arise on the interpretation of some of the disposi- 
tions of the said Ti^eaty, have agreed upon the following Articles : 

Confirmation of Articles XIX to XXVI ami XXX and XXXI 

of Treaty of 30th May, 1814. 

Art. I. The Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 18U (No. 1) 
being confirmed by Article XI of the Principal Ti-eaty (No. 40), to 
which the present Convention is annexed, this confirmation extends 
principally to Articles XIX, XX, XXI, XXII, XXIII, XXIV, 
XXV, XXVI, XXX, and XXXI of the said Treaty (No. 1) so far 
as the Stipulations contained in the said Articles have not been 
altered or modified by the present Act ; and it is expressly agreed 
that the explanations and developments which the High Contract- 
ing Parties have thought advisable to give them by the following 
Articles, shall in no wise prejudice the Claims of any other nature, 
which may be authorised by the said Treaty, though not specially 
stipulated by the present Convention. 

Liquidation by France of Claims of Subjects of Allied Powers. 
Art. II. In conformity to this resolution, His Most Christian 

• For French version, tee " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 815. 

t The Stipulations of the Conventions upon this subject, concluded at 
the same time, between Great Britain and Austria, Prussia, and Kussia, were, 
verbatim^ the same as this Convention, which was distinguished as Conven- 
tion '' No. 13 '' in the Papers laid before Parliament. See also Convention of 
25th April, 1818, and Additional ArtJ. of 4th July, 1818. 

878 



No. 45] aREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 NoY., 1815. 
[8nd Peaoe of Paris. Private Olaims on France.] 

Majesty engages to cause to be liquidated, in the manner hei'ein- 
lifter 8i)ecified, all Sums which France may be foimd to owe, in 
comitries out other territory, as fixed by the Treaty to which the 
present Convention is annexed, by virtue of Article XIX of the 
Treaty of I'aris of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), either to Individuals, 
or to " Communes^' or to Private Establishments the revenues 
of which are not at the disposal of Govenmient. 

Particular Claitns to which Liquidation extends. 

This liquidation shall extend i)articularly to the following 
Claims : — 

Supplier and Deliveries, 

To those arising from Supplies and Deliveries of all kind, 
fmiiished by ^' Cotmnunes" or Individuals, and iii general by 
all others but the different branches of the Government, by virtue 
of Contracts or Arrangements made by the French Administrative 
Authorities, imder promise of payment ; whether the said supplies 
and deliveries may have been f uniished, either to or for the use 
of military magazines in general, or for the provisioning of towns 
and fortresses in particular, or, in short, to the French Annies, to 
detachments of troops or of " Gendarmerie^** to the French Admi- 
nistrations, or the Military Ilospitals, or, in fine, for any public 
service whatsoever. 

Production of Vouchers. 

These deliveries and supplies are to be vouched by Receipts 
from the storekeepers, officei-s, civil or military, commissaries, 
agents or inspectora, the validity of which shall be acknowledged 
by the Commission of Liquidation described in Article V of the 
present Convention. 

Pegulution of Pi'ices. 

The Prices shall be regulated by the contracts or other engage- 
ments of the French authorities, or in failure thereof, by the 
market prices of the places, the nearest to that where the delivery 
shall have taken place. 

Arrears of Pay and Alloivancee^ cf-c. 

2. To Arrears of Pay and Allowances, travelling expenses, gi-a- 
tuities, and other indemnifications, due to military or other persons 

379 



20 Nov., 1815.] OBEAT BBITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. [Ho. 46 
[find Peace of Parle. Private Olalme on France.] 

employed in the French Army, and become, by the Treaties of 
Paris of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), and 20th November, 1816 
(No. 40), subjects of another Sovereign Power, during the period 
when the individuals in question served in the French Armies, or 
were attached to establishments thereunto belonging, such as 
hospitals, dispensaries, magazines, &c. 

Production of Vouchers. 

These demands are to be supported by the production of the 
necessary Vouchers, as required by the existing military rules and 
regulations. 

Vouchers for Claims of Civil Hospitals. 

3. To the reimbursement of expenses for the maintenance of 
French troops in such Civil Hospitals as did not belong to the 
Government, inasmuch as the payment of that maintenance has 
been stipulated for by positive engagements. The quota of the 
said expenses is to be vouched by abstracts of accounts, certified 
by the Superintendents of those establishments. 

Restitution of Funds by French Post Office, 

4. To the Restitution of Funds entrusted to the French Post 
OflSces, which have not reached their destination, the event of 
force being, however, excepted. 

Exceptions. 

5. To the discharge of ^^ Mandats" ''^ Bons^'* and orders for 
payment, given either on the Public Treasuiy of France, or on 
the " Caisse d'amortissement^* or their " annexes,** as well as of 
" Bons" given by this last-mentioned " Caisse ;'* which *' Mandats^* 
" Bons^' and orders have been subscribed to in favour of inhabit- 
juila, " Communes" or establishments situated in provinces which 
have cetvsed to fonn part of Fmnce, or which may be in the hands 
of the said inhabitants, " Communes" or establishments ; it not 
being possible for France to refuse payment of the same, on the 
plea that the objects, by the sale of which the said "J9orw," 
" Mandatfl" and orders were to be realised, have passed imder 
foreign dominion. 

Loans to French Authorities, 

G. To Loans made to the French civil and military authorities, 
under promise of repayment. 

380 



No. 45] GBEAT SEXTAIN, &c., AND JbEAKC£. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[ted Peace of Paris. Private Claims on Franoe.] 

National Domains Indemnities, 

7. To Indemnities granted for non-enjoyment of national 
domains, let on lease ; to all other indemnity and refunding for 
leases of national domains, and also for professional attendance, 
remuneration, and fees for appraising, inspecting, or reporting on 
the buildings, or other objects, done by order and on account of 
the French Government ; inasmuch as the said Indemnities, 
refundings, professional attendance, remuneration, and fees, have 
been acknowledged to be at the expense of the Government, and 
legally ordered by the French authorities at the time existing. 

Reimbursement of A dvances, 

8. To the reimbursement of Advances made from the funds of 
the " Communes," by order of the French authorities, and under 
promise of repayment. 

Loss of Ground and Demolition aiul Destruction of Buildings. 

9. To Indenmities due to individuals for Loss of Ground, the 
Demolition and Destruction of Buildings, in consequence of orders 
from the French military authorities, for the enlargement or 
security of fortresses and citadels ; in such cases where indemnity 
is due, by virtue of the law of 10th July, 1791, and where there 
may have been an engagement to pay, either by report of arbi- 
trators, regulating the amount of the indemnity, or by any other 
deed of the French autht)rities. 

Hamburgh Bank Claims* 
Art. III. The Claims of the Senate of Hamburgh, on account 
of the Bank of that city, shall be the subject of a Special Con- 
vention between the Commissioners of His Most Christian Majesty 
and those of the City of Hamburgh. 

Claims for Seizure of Colonial Goods in 1813. 

Art. IV. Those Claims shall also be liquidated, prefcired by 
several individuals against the execution of a decree, dated 
Nassen, the 8th May, 1813, by virtue of which Colonial Goods, 
part of which they had purchased of the French Government, 
were seized to their detriment, and by virtue of which they have 
been obliged to pay a second time on cottons, the single and 
double Custom-house dues, although they had paid, in due time, 
what they owed lawfully. 

* See Conyention between France and Hamburgh of 27th October, 1816. 

381 



20 Nov., 1816.] aB£AT BRITAIN, kc, AND FRANCE. [No 4S 
[8nd P«aee of Paria. PiiTate Claims on Franco.] 

Paf/meni in InscripUons on Great Book of ike Public Debt. 

These Claims shall be liquidated by the Commissioners ap- 
pointed by the Convention of this day, and the amount thereof 
shall be paid, in Inscriptions on the Great Book of the Public 
Debt, at a rate not under 75, in the same manner as has been 
agreed ujwn with regard to the securities to be refunded. 

Appointment of Commissioners of Liquidation and Arbitration. 

Art. V. The High Contracting Parties, being animate by 
the desire of agreeing on a mode of liquidation, calculated at once 
to accelerate tlie same, and promote, in each particular case, a 
final decision, have resolved, while expounding the arrangements 
of Article XX of the Treaty of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), to appoint 
Commissions of Liquidation, to be employed, in the first place, in 
the examination of the claims ; and also Commissions of Arbi- 
tration,* which are to decide on such cases on which the former 
Commission do not agree. 

The mode to be acted upon, in this respect, is to be as 
follows : — 

Appointment of Commissioners,^ 

1. Immediately aft^r the exchange of the Ratifications of the 
present Treaty, Fmnce, and the other High Contracting Parties, 
or those interested in this object, shall name Commissioners of 
Liquidation, and Connnissionei-s of Arbitration, or Umpires, who 
ai-e to reside at Paris, and shall be instnicted to direct and cairy 
into execution, the Arranp^ements contained in Articles XVIII and 
XIX of the Treaty of 30th May, 18U (No. 1), and Articles II, 
IV, VI, VII, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XXII, 
XXIII, and XXIV of the present Convention. 

Dudes of Commissioners of Liquidation. 

2. The ComniiRsioncrs of Liquidation are to be named by all 
the parties interested, in such numbers as each of them may thhik 
pro|^r to apiK)int. They will Ikj instructed to rectMve and examine, 

• See Convention of 27th October, 1816. 

+ The Commissioners of Liquidation were : — Mr. Colin Alexander 
Mackenzie and Mr. G-eorge Lewis Kevmham. The Commissioners of Arbi- 
t ration were : — Mr. George Hammond and Mr. David Ricliard Morier. The 
Commissioners of Deposit were : — Mr. David Richard Morier and Mr. James 
Drummond. Tlieir appointment! were dated 27th December, 1815. 

882 



No. 45] GBSAT BRITAIN, <&c., AND FRANC£. [20 NOV., 1815- 
[8nd P«aee of Paris. Private Olaima on Pranea.] 

according to a scale fixed upon for that purpose, aiid with tiie 
least possible delay, and liquidate, if there be just cause, all 
Claims. 

Each Commissioner shall be at liberty to unite in one Com- 
mittee all the Commissioners of the respective Governments, and to 
lay before them and cause them to examine the Claims of the 
Subjects of his Government, or else to treat separately with the 
French Government. 

Duties of Arbitrators, 

8. The Arbitrators are to be instructed to decide definitively, 
and without appeal, on all cases refen-ed to them in conformity to 
the present Article, by the Commissioners of Liquidation, who 
may not have been able to agree thereon. All the High Con- 
tracting Parties, or those interested, may name as many of these 
Arbitrators as they may think proper ; but every one of these 
Arbitrators must make oath before the Chancellor of Prance, and 
in the presence of the Ministers of the other High Contracting 
Parties residing at Paris, to pass judgment, without partiality 
whatever for the parties, according to the principles laid down 
by the Treaty of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), and by the present 
Convention. 

Ajypointnient of Record Keepers and Clerks, 

4, As soon as the Arbitrators named by France, and by at 
least two of the other parties interested, shall have taken this 
Oath, all the said Coniuiissioners who may be in Paris shall meet, 
under the Presidency of the Senior Commissioner, for the pur|>ose 
of arranging the Appointments of one or more of the Recorders 
or Record Keepers, luid of one or more Clerks, who are to be swoni 
before them, as well as for the purpose of discussing, if necessary, 
aji^eneral system for the dispatch of business, the keeping of the 
Registers, and other matters of internal regulation. 

Commissioners of Arbitration to Decide Cases in which Commissioners 

of Liquidation Disagree, 

5. The Commissioners appointed to fonn the Commissions of 
Arbitration being thus ordained, whenever the Commissioners of 
Liquidation shall not have agi-eed on a Case, the Arbitrators are to 
proceed with the same in the manner hereinafter mentioned. 

883 



20 Nov., 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 45 
[8nd Peace of Parle. Private Claima on France.] 

Composition of Commission of Arbitration. 

6. In those cases wherein the Claims are of the nature provided 
for by the Treaty of Paris, or by the present Convention, and 
wherein the question is merely to determine on the validity of the 
Demand, or the amount of the Sum claimed, the Commission of 
Arbitration is to be composed of 6 Umpires, namely, 8 French, 
and 8 appointed by the reclaiming Government. 

The said 6 Arbitrators shall then draw lots, for the purpose 
of deciding which of them is to be thrown out, and being thus 
reduced to 5, are then finally to determine on the Claim referred 
to them. 

7. In the event of the question being whether the contested 
Claim can be reckoned amongst those provided for by the Treaty 
of Paris of 80th May, 1814 (No. 1), or by the present Convention, 
the Commission of Arbitration is to be composed of 6 members, 
whereof 3 ai-e to be French, and 8 named by the Govern- 
ment reclaiming. These 6 Umpires are then to decide by a 
majority, whether the Claim is susceptible of being admitted to 
liquidation ; in the event of an equality of votes, the examina- 
tion of the affair is to be suspended, and is to become subject 
matter of future regular negotiation between the Governments. 

8. Every time that a case shall be refeired to the decision of a 
Commission of Arbitration, the Government, whose Commissioner 
of Liquidation shall not have been able to agree with the French 
Govemmeiit, shall name 3 Umpires, and Fi-ance shall name as 
many ; all of them chosen amongst those who shall have taken, 
or may take, previously to their actuig, the stipulated Oath. This 
choice is to be made known to the Record Keeper, at the same 
time transmitting to him the whole of the documents. The 
Record Keeper will duly note this nomination and the deposit of 
the papers, and will enter the claim in the pi*oper register, which 
shall have been opened for that pui*[)08e. 

Arbitrators to be summoned by Heconl Keeper, 

Wlien the turn of a Claim shall come roimd in its regular order 
of entry, the Record Keeper is to summon the 6 Aibitrators 
above named. 

When the case shall happen to be one of those specified in 
Section G of the present Article, the names of the said G Arbi- 
trators shall be put hi an uni ; the last drawn shall of course go 

384 



No. 45] OKEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 No7., 1815. 
[dud Peace of Paris. Private Olaime on France.] 

out, in order that their number may be reduced to 5. The 
parties are, however, at liberty to abide, if they all agree thereto, 
by a Commission of 4 Arbitrators, the number of whom, in order 
to obtain an odd number, is to be in like manner reduced to 3. 

In the cases specified by Section 7 of the present Article, the 
6 Umpires, or the 4, if the parties have agreed to that number, 
are to enter into discussion, without previous elimination of one 
of their number. In either of these cases, the arbitrators con- 
voked for the purpose are immediately to enter upon the examina- 
tion of the claim, or class of claim in question, and are to decide 
by a majority of voices, without appeal. The Record Keeper is to 
attend all the sittings, and to act as minute clerk. 

If the Commission of Arbitration have not decided upon the 
class of a claim, though it has on a claim itself, such decision ter- 
minates the affair. If it has decided on the class of a daim, tho 
case, provided that class be acknowledged as admissible, goes 
back to the Commission of Liquidation, for that Commission to 
determine on the admission of the individual claim, and the amount 
thereof, or refer it anew to a Commission of Arbitration of 5 or 
3 Members. 

Notification of Judgment to Commission of Liquidation, 

Judgment being given, the Recorder is to notify to the Com- 
mission of Liquidation every such sentence, for the purpose of 
being inserted in their proceedings ; as the said decisions are to 
be considered and acted upon as precedents by the Commission of 
Liquidation. 

Limit of Duties of the Commissions. 

It is to be well understood, that the Commissions appointed 
by virtue of the present Article, are not to extend their labours 
beyond the liquidation of the obligation specified by the present 
Treaty, and that of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1). 

Reimbursement to France of Debts in Countries no longer 

belonging to France, 

Akt. VI.* The High Contracting Parties, desiring to see the 
full performance of Article XXI of the Treaty of Paris of 30th 
May, 1814 (No. 1), and, accordingly, determmate the mode of 
crediting France for such Debts, specially secured in their origin 

• See Convention of 25th April, 1818. 

3«5 2 C 



20 H0¥., 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. CMo 46 
[SSnd Peace of Paris. Private daims on France.] 

by mort^^s upon countries which have ceased to form part of 
France, or otherwise contracted by their internal Administratioii, 
and which have been converted into Inscriptions in the Great 
Book of the National Debt of France, have agreed that the 
amount of the Capital which each of the Governments of the said 
respective countries may have to reimburse to France, shall be 
determined by the price which the funds may bear, on an average, 
between the day of the signature of the present C!onvention and 
the 1st January, 1816. This capital is to be made good to France, 
according to the statements which the Gonmiission appointed by 
Article V of the present Convention shall draw up and settle 
every two months after the titles have been duly verified, on the 
strength of which the inscriptions have been made. 

France to pay Dividends on Inscriptions for Debts on Mortgage on 

Immovables, 
France is not to be reimbursed the amount of the Inscriptions 
arising from Debts secured by Mortgage on Immovables which 
the French Government have alienated, whatever be the nature 
of the said immovables, provided the purchasers thereof have 
paid the amount into the hands of the agents of the French Goveni- 
ment, miless the said immovables should at present be (otherwise 
than by ix)S8ession obtained unfairly during the continuance of 
the French Administration) in the hands either of the present 
Government, of public establishments, or of the former pos- 
sessors. The French Govenmient remams charged with the pay- 
ment of the dividends on those Inscriptions. 

Countervailing Accounts to he settled by Mutual Consent, 
The Countervailing Accounts of what may become due to 
France in inscriptions, and the payments to which she has engaged 
hei-self by the present Convention, cannot be settled but with 
mutual consent, excepting for what follows in the succeedmg 
Article. 

deductions from Countervailing Accounts. 
Art. VII.* From these reimbursements shall be deducted : 
1. The Interest on Inscriptions in the Great Book of the Stat<?, 
till the period of the 22nd December, 1813 ; also, the Interest 
which France may have paid subsequently to that period, shall, 
in like manner, be made good to her by the respective Govern- 
ments. 

* See Cotiyention of 25th April, 1818. 

386 



No. 46] OEEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[8nd Peaoe of Paria. Private Claims on France.] 

2. The capitals and interest secured by mortgage on immov- 
ables alienated by the French Government, although the said 
capitals have not yet been converted into Inscriptions in the Great 
Book of the Public Debt; provided, however, that on account 
of the present stipulation, nothing shall be done contrary to the 
laws or orders of the Government, which decreed forfeitures, &c., 
or in virtue of which the Debts were to become extinct to the 
benelit of France by way of " confusion," or of com})ensation. 

CommiBiion of Arbitration to he Appointed to settle Claim of Nether' 

lands to Interest of Debt of Holland. 

Art. VIII. The French Govenmient having refused to recog- 
nise the claim of the Government of the Low Countries, relative 
to the payment of the Interest of the Debt of Holland, which may 
not have been paid for the half years of March and September, 
1813, it is 'agreed to refer to a Commission of Arbitration the 
decision of the principle of the said question. 

Composition of Commission. 

This Commission is to bo composed of 7 members, two of 
them to be named by the French Government, two by the Govern- 
ment of the Netherlands, and the three others to be chosen from 
the States decidedly neuter, and who have no interest in the 
question, such as Russia, Great Britain, Sweden, Denmark, and 
the Kingdom of Naples. The choice of these three last Com- 
missioners is to be made in such manner, that one of them is to 
bo named by the French Government, another by that of the 
Netherlands, and the third by the 8aid two neutral Commis- 
sioners. 

Oath to be taken h/ Commissioners. 

The Commission is to meet at Paris, on the 1st of Fobniary, 
1816. The members thereof are to take the same Oath to which 
the Commissioners of Arbitration are subject, as stated in Article V 
of the present Convention, to be administered in the same 
manner. 

• 

Commissioners of Liquidation to submit their Opinions to the Arbi* 

tratorsfor Decision. 

As soon as the Commission shall be constituted, the Commis- 
sioners of Liquidation of the two Powers shall each submit in 

387 2 c 2 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 45 
[2nd Peace of Faria. Private Claims on France.] 

wi'iting the arguments hi support of their opinion, in order that 
the Arbitrators may be enabled to decide which of the two Grovem- 
ments, the French Government, or the Government of the Nether- 
lands, shall be bound to pay the aforesaid Arrears of Interest, 
taking for basis the dispositions of the Treaty of Paris, of 80th 
May, 1814 (No. 1), and whether the reimbursement which the 
Government of the Netherlands may have to make to France, for 
Inscriptions of the Debts of Countries re-united to the Crown of 
the Netherlands, and detached from' France, is to be required 
without deducting the dividends of the Debt of Holland, in arrear 
for 1813. 

Liquidation of Debts of Countries Ceded to France. 

Art. IX. The liquidation shall be proceeded in, of the unpaid 
interest of the Debts secured on mortgage upon the soil of 
countries ceded to France by the Treaties of Campo Fonnio* and 
Luneville,f and arising from loans formally acknowledged by 
the Governments of the ceded countries, or from expenses in- 
curred by the effective administration of the said countries. 

Bases on which Commissioners of Liquidation are to Regulate 

themselves* 

The Commissioners of Liquidation are to regulate their opera- 
tions according to the dispositions of the Treaties of Peace, and 
the laws and decrees of the French Government, with respect to 
the liquidation and extinction of the debts of the nature in 
question. 

Reimbursement of Sectirities, 

Art. X. As it has been stipulated by Article XXIII of the 
Treaty of Paiis, of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), that the French 
Government should reimburse the Securities given by the public 
functionaries entrusted with the management of public money in 
the countries separated from France, 6 months after the pre- 
senting of their accounts, the case alone of misdemeanour being 
excepted, it remains agreed : 

1. That the obligation of presenting their accounts to the 
French Government does not extend to the Receveurs Communaux ; 
nevertheless, as the French Government has had an interest in 

• (17th October, 1797). See Appendix, 
t (9th February, 1801), See Appendix. 

888 



No. 45] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2nd Peaoe of FariB. Private Claims on France.] 

certain portions of the receipts where\vith those accountable 
persons were charged, and that consequently it may still call for 
redress against them, in cases of misdemeanour, no application 
for restitution of their Securities shall be presented, without being 
accompanied by a certificate from the superior authorities of the 
country to which these persons accountable may belong, at the 
same time specifying the sum which, after the audit of their 
accounts, shall have been acknowledged to be due to the French 
Grovemment on the account above mentioned, and which tlie latter 
shaQ deduct from the security, giving proof that nothing is due 
to the same, except, in either case, the deduction of those balances 
which France has reserved to herself by Article XXIV of the 
present Convention. 

2. The accounts of the functionaries who have had the 
management of money belonging to the French Government, and 
who were bound to have their administration approved by the 
Court of Accounts, shall be examined by the French Government, 
in conjunction with the Commissioner of the present Government 
of the province where the person accountable has been employed. 

The examination of each account is to take place within 6 
months after it has been delivered in ; if during this period no 
decision has been given, the French Government renounces all 
daim against the person accountable. This stipulation does not 
derogate, with respect to those who are accountable, from the 
time of forfeiture fixed by Article XVI, it being well understood 
that, in the event of the non-presentation of the accounts, the 
French Government reserves to itself the right of proceeding 
against the said persons accountable, in the customary manner. 

8, The functionaries not being liable to be made responsible 
for what has occurred relative to their " Caisses^^ since the en- 
trance of the Foreign Troops, it has been expressly agreed, that 
the French Government are not to charge them with the balances 
which they owed at that period, and that it shall only be a mani- 
fest misdemeanor, committed before the entrance of those Troops, 
which shaQ authorise the French Government to withhold the 
whole, 01 part of the Security. In all other respects the same is 
to be restored, in the manner expressed in Article XIX, Section 2. 

Funds deposited hy Communes and Public Establishments. 
Art. XL Conformably to Article XXV of the Treaty of the 
30th May, 1814 (No. 1), the Funds deposited by " Communes" and 

389 



20 Nov., 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [Mo. 46 
[find Peace of Parle. Prirate Olalme on France.] 

Public Establishments, in the coffers of the Governments, are to 
be repaid to them, with deduction of the advances which may 
have been made to them. The Commissioners of Liquidation are 
to verify the amount of the said deposits and advances. Never- 
theless, should there be lodged any attachments, the repayment 
of these funds shall not take place until replevin shall have been 
ordered, by the proper tribunals, or voluntarily allowed by the 
attaching creditors. The French Government shall be bound to 
show the justice of the said attachments. It is well understood 
that such attachments, lodged by creditors who are not French- 
men, cannot authorise the French Government to detain these 
deposits. 

Funds of Caisse cP Agriculture of Holland. 

Abt. XII. The Funds belonging to the '' Caisae d* Agriculture " 
of Holland, and which have been lodged as a deposit in the 
" Caisse cPAmortissement^^* in the " Caisse de Service j* or in any 
other " Caisse " of Government, shall be restored, as well as all 
other Deposits, with the exception of such compensations as the 
said ^Caisses" may have to debit the said Funds. 

Commissioners of Liquidation and Arbitration to liquidate Claims 
of Pensions, ^c, of Persons no longer French Subjects. Secu^- 
rities. Caisse d'Amortissement, and Caisse de Service^ ^c 

Akt. XIII. The Commissioners of Liquidation and of Arbitra- 
tion ordained by virtue of Article V of the present Convention, 
shall also be employed in the liquidation of the objects recited in 
Articles XXII to XXV of the Treaty of SOth May, 1814 (No. 1), 
and shall proceed in the same manner, with regard to these points, 
as that adopted for the other liquidations with which they 
are charged. The French Government engages to deliver, 4 
months after the signature of the present Convention, to the 
respective Commissioners of Liquidation, exact statements, drawn 
from the Treasury and other Registers, of all sums and debts 
alluded to in the aforesaid Articles ; and these statements are to 
be compared with the receipts of the claimants, for the purpose of 
being thus proved. 

Arrears of Pensions, 

Art. XIV. Article XXVI of the Treaty of the SOth May, 
1814 (No. 1), which releases the French Gk>vemment, from the 

390 



Ho. 46] GREAT BlUTAlN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[And Peace of Paris. Private Claims on France.] 

Ist Jannary, of the same year, from the payments of all Pensions, 
civil, military, and ecclesiastical, allowances on retiring", and half 
pay to all individuals no longer subjects of France, is maintained. 
With regard to the an*ears of Pensions to the period above 
mentioned, the French Government engages to give evidence of 
them, by furnishing exact statements, drawn from the Pension 
Registers, which are to be compared with thvise kept by the local 
Administrative Authorities. 

Restitution of Archives y Maps^ ^c, of Ceded Countries, 

Art. XV. Doubts having arisen upon Article XXXI of the 
Treaty of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), concerning the restitu- 
tion of the Maps of the Comitries which have ceased to belong to 
France, it is agreed that all the Maps of the Countries ceded, 
including those which the Frcnch Government has caused to be 
executed, shall be exactly given up, with the copper plates 
belonging to them, in the space of 4 weeks after the exchange 
of the Ratifications of the present Treaty. The same shall be 
done respecting the Archives, Maps, and Plates taken away from 
the Countries occupied for a time by the different armies, as it is 
stipulated in the 2nd paragraph of Article XXXI of the said 
Treaty. 

Limit of Time for Presentation of Claims, 

Abt. XVI. Governments who have Claims to prefer in behalf 
of their Subjects, engage to cause them to be presented for liqui- 
dation within a year, dating from the day of the exchange of the 
Ratifications of the present Treaty, after which time they are to 
forfeit all right to claim and recovery. 

Payment of Claims Adjudicated, 

Art. XVII. Every two months an abstract is to be drawn up 
of the liquidations finally adjusted, approved, or decided, speci- 
fying the name of each creditor, and the amount for which his 
debt is to be discharged, either in principal or arrears of interest. 
The sums which are to be paid in cash by the Roytd Treasury, 
either for capital or interest, shall be remitted to the Commis- 
sioners of Liquidation of the Government concerned, upon their 
receipts, signed or approved by the French Liquidators. With 
regard to the debts which, in conformity to Articles IV and XIX 
of the present Convention, ai-e to l>e paid in Inscriptions in the 

301 



20 Nov., 18X5.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [Mo. 45 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Private Claims on Pranoe.] 

Great Book of the Public Debt, they are to be entered in the 
names of the Commissioners of ^ Liquidation of the Grovemmenta 
concerned, or of those whom they may appoint. These Inscrip- 
tions are to be taken from the Guarantee Fund stipulated by 
Article XX of the present Convention, and in the manner specified 
by Article XXI. 

Interest on Debts, 

Art. XVIII.* All Debts which bear Interest, either according 
to law or the Treaty of the 80th May, 1814 (No. 1), are to con- 
tinue to bear the same. With respect to those to which no 
Interest appertains, either from their nature or by the said Treaty, 
they are to bear an interest of 4 per cent, from the date of the 
signature of the present Convention. All interest is to bo paid in 
cash, and on the amount of the nominal value of the debt. The 
stipulations relating to interest are to be reciprocal between 
France and the other Contracting Powers. 

Periods for Payment of Claims, 

Abt. XIX.* The Treaty of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), in 
regulating the periods within which the payments were to be 
completed, proclaimed 3 Classes of Debts. In order to make 
things agree with such an arrangement, it has been resolved 
to adopt, in like manner, 3 Classes for Reimbursement, as 
follows : — 

1. The Dei)0siti5 legally entrusted to the " Caisse (TAmortisse" 
inent " are to be refunded in money within 6 months from the 
exchange of the Ratifications of the present Convention, whenever 
the delivery of the documents shall have taken place during the 
first three months of the liquidation. Those cases whereof the 
documents shall have been delivered in subsequently are to be 
liquidated within the succeeding 3 months. 

2. The Debts ar4suig from the payment of securities, or from 
funds which were deposited by the ^^ Communes** and Public Esta- 
blishments in the " Caisse de Service^** the " Caisse dtAmortissement^** 
or any other " Caisse " of the French Government, are to be reim- 
bursed in Inscriptions in the Great Book of the Public Debt, at 
par, on condition, however, that in the event of the price of the 
day of settlement being under 75, the French Gk)vemment is to 
have the benefit of the difference between the price of the day 

and 75. 

• See CoiiTention of 2oth April, 1818. 

392 



Ho. 46] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Slid Peace of Paris. Private Claime on France.] 

3. The Other Debts not comprehended in the two pi-eceding 
sections are to be likewise reimbursed in Inscriptions at par, with 
this difference, however, that the French Government guarantees 
to them only a price of 60, at the same time engaging to make 
good the difference between the price of the day and 60. 

Appointment of Trustees to receive Yearly Revenue, 

Art. XX. On the 1st of January next, at latest, shall be in- 
scribed, as a Guarantee Fund, in the Great Book of the Public 
Debt of France, a Capital producing 8,500,000 French francs 
yearly revenue, with possession from 22nd March, 1816, in the 
name of two, four, or six Commissioners, one-half of them sub- 
jects of His Most Christian Majesty, and the other half of the 
Allied Sovereign Powers ; which said Commissioners are to be 
chosen and appointed, namely, one, two, or three by the French 
Government, and one, two, or three by the Allied Powers. 

Income to he Received every Six Months. 

They are to receive the said yearly Income every 6 months, 
of which they are to be the trustees, without power of nego* 
tiating the same. 

Amount to be Funded. 

They are to place the amount thereof in the Public Funds, 
and receive the accumulated and compound Interest of the same 
for the benefit of the creditors. 

Insufficiency of Interest to be made up to pay Amount of Debts. 
In case the 3,500,000 francs of Interest shall bo insufficient, 
, there shall be delivered to the said Connnissioners, Inscriptions 
for larger sums, until their amount shall equal what may be 
necessary to pay the Debts mentioned in the present Conven- 
tion. 

Disposal of Additional Inscriptions. 

These Additional Inscriptions, if they are necessary, shall bo 
made over with the Dividends from the same period as the 
3,500,000 francs yearly revenue above stipulated, and shall bo 
administered by the same Commissioners, and according to the 
same principles, so that the Debts which shall remain to be paid 
shall be paid with the same proportion of Accunmlated and Com- 
pound Interest as if the Fund of Guarantee had been from the first 
sufficient. 

393 



20 Nov., 1815.] CHIEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [Ho, 45 
[8nd Peace of Farie. Private Claims on France.] 

Surplus of Inscriptions to be made over to French Government. 

As soon as the payments duo to tlie creditors shall have been 
made, the Surplus of the Inscriptions not employed, if there be 
any, as well as the proportion of accumulated and compound 
interest which shall belong thereto, shall be given up to the dis- 
posal of the French Government. 

Examination of Abstracts of Liquidation, 

Art. XXI. In proportion as the Abstracts of Liquidation pre- 
scribed by Article XVII of the present Convention shall be 
delivered to the Tnistees or Commissioners of Deposit, the latter 
are to examine the same, in order to their being forthwith entered 
in the Great Book of the Public Debt, to the debit of their trust, 
and to the credit of the Commissioners of Liquidation of the 
reclaiming Governments. 

Renewal of Engagements by Sovereigns of Countries tckich have 

ceased to belong to France, 

Art. XXIL* The present Sovereigns of the Countries which 
have ceased to belong to Franco hereby i-enew the engagement 
which they have contracted by Article XXI of tlie Treaty of the 
80th May, 1811 (No. 1), to accomit with the Fitjnch Government 
from the 22nd December, 1813, for such of the Debts of the said 
Countries as have been converted into Inscriptions in the Great 
Book of the Public Debt of France. The Accounts relative to ail 
the said Debts shall be drawn up and adjusted by the Commis- 
sions appointed by Article V of the pi-esent Convention. It is 
understood that France is to continue the payment of the divi- 
dends on these Inscrii)tions. 

Reneival of Engagement to Refund to French Subjects Claims on 

account of Securities, ^'C. 

Art. XXIII. The Governments aforesaid renew the engage- 
ment to refund to French subjects in the service of the ceded 
Countries the smns which they may have to claim on account of 
Securities, or Deposits in their resi)ective Treasuries. These reim- 
bursements shall be made in the same manner as that agi-eed 
upon in Article XIX of the present Convention towards subjects 
of the said Countries for payments of a like nature. 

Right of French Government to male certain Deductions, 

Art. XXIV. It is reserved to the Frencli Government the 

* See Convention of 25th April, 1818. 

394 



No. 46] aREAT BRITAIN, ^c, AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1816. 
[Sad Peace of Paris. Private Claims on France.] 

right of deducting from those b'ecuritics, wliich by Aiticle XXII 
of the Treaty of the 30th IMay, 1814 (No. 1), and l>y Article X 
of the present Convention it lias enp:agocl to refund, the Balances 
due from persons accountable whom a Judgment of the Court of 
Accounts given before the 30th May, 1814, shall have declared 
to be wit hh older s of Public Money. 

Such Deduction is to take place, however, without being jut)- 
judicial to the proceedings which, in default of sufficient Security, 
may be directed against the Defaultera, in the ordinaiy course, 
before the Tribunals of the Countries whereui the jx^rsons account- 
able have settled. 

Proceedings agaimi Persons for Noii'-paymenl of JJilis accepted by 

them previous to 30th May^ 1814. 

Art. XXV. In the Countries ceded by the Treaty of the 30tli 
May, 1814 (No. 1), and by the present Trcaty, such persons 
who have accepted Bills, negotiable, to the advantage of the 
Royal Treasuiy, or of the " Caisse (VAmortissement^* (not receivers 
of direct conti*ibutions), and who should not have honom'ed the 
same when they became due, may be proceeded against for pay- 
ment, before the regular Tribunals of the Country where they are 
settled, unless they should have been comix>lled to pay them 
before the 30th May, 1814, or, with regard to the Countries 
ceded by the present Treaty, before the 20th November, 1815, in 
favour of the Agent-s of the new jXKSsessors of the Countries. 

Rules laid down to apply to Debts which France may claim from 
Governments of Countries detached from France. 

Art. XXVI. All that has Ixxjn agreed to by the present Con- 
vention, with respect to the period within which the creditors of 
France are to deliver in their CI anus for Liquidation, the time when 
the Abstracts of Liquidations are to be drawn up, the Interest to 
be allowed to the respective classes of Debts, and the manner in 
which they are to be paid, applies equally to those Debts which 
France may have to claim from the Governments of the Countries 
detached from France. 

Done at Paris, the 20th November, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGIL 
(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 

31)5 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [Ho. 46 
[2xid Peace of Paris. Benthelm and Stelnfurth Clalxiui.] 

Additional Article. PariSj 20th November, 1815. 
Clatin of Counts of Bentheim and Steinfurth. 

The House of the Counts of Bentheim and Steinfurth having 
advanced a daira against the French Government upon different 
grounds, viz. : — 

Francs. 
In pursuance of a Convention of the 22nd of May, 

1804* 800,000 

Interest at 6 per cent. ix)r annum upon that sum .... 480,000 

For restitution of the land tax 78,200 

Clearing the Ysel 30,000 

For various alienations and indemnities 634,000 

For the revenues of the County of Bentheim, since the 

French Government took possession thereof 2,225,000 

Total 4,247,200 

It has been settled, in the form of an Agreement, that the 
Government of France shall pay to that House, in lieu of every 
claim whatsoever: 

1. The sum of 800,000 francs in specie, to be paid by I2ths, 
in Monthly Instalments, commencing from the 1st January, 1816. 

2. The sum of 510,000 francs, by Inscriptions in the Great 
Book of the Public Debt, at par, guaranteeing to the same the 
exchange at 75, or makuig up the difference between the exchange 
of the day and 75. 

These Inscriptions shall be delivered before the 1st January, 
and the Interest on them shall commence from the 22nd March, 
1816. 

In consideration of the payment of this sum of 1,310,000 
francs, the House of the Counts of Bentheim and Steinfurth re- 
nounces the right of advancing or renewing any Claim against 
the French Government, under any title or on any ground what- 
soever, the said renunciation being made by agreement. 

Done at Paris, the 20th of November, in the year of our Lord, 

1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 

(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 

• See Appendix. 



396 



No. 45] aRBiiT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2xid Peace of Paris. Warsaw Olaims.] 

Separate Article between France and Russia. 

20th Noyember, 1815. 

Accession of France to Arrangements of 1814 respecting the Duchy 

of Warsaw, 

(Translation).* 

In execution of the Additional Article to the Treaty of 80th 
May, 1814 (No. 1), His Most Christian Majesty engages to send, 
without delay, to Warsaw, one or more Conunissioners to assist, 
in his name, according to the terms of the said Article, in the 
examination and the liquidation of the Reciprocal Claims of 
France and.of the late Duchy of Warsaw, and to all arrangements 
relating thereto. 

His Most Christian Majesty acknowledges, with reference to 
the Emperor of Russia, in his character as King of Poland, the 
nullity of the Convention of Bayonne,t it being well understood 
that that disposition can only receive its application in conformity 
with the principles established in the Conventions referred to in 
Article IX of the Treaty of this day. J 

The present Separate Article shall have the same force and 
effect as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty of this 
day. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th November, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 
(L.S.) RASOUMOFFSKY. 
(L.S.) CAPODISTRIAS. 

• For French Version see " State Papers," toI. iii, p. 341. 

t Conyention between France and Saxonj of lOth May, 1808, annulled. 

t See p. 388. 



897 



* < 



20 Nov., 1816.] GREAT BBITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. [No. 46 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Claims of British BalJtJeots.] 

No. ^Q.— CONVENTION between Great Britain and 
FrancCy relative to the Claims of British Subjects. Signed 
at Paris, 20th November, 1815.* 

[This Convention was annexed to the Definitive Treaty of the 

same date. See Arts. IX, XII.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

ConTontion between Oreat Britain and France, concluded in conformitj 
with Article IX of the Principal Treaty, relative to the Examination 
and Liquidation of the Claims of the Subjects of His Britannic 
Majesty against the Goyemment of France, 

1. Claims of British Subjects on French Goyemment. 

2. Claims for Confiscated Stock. Conditions in fayour of Creditors to be 

added to amount of Stock. Date of New Inscriptions. Exceptions. 
8. Life Annuity Claims. Date of New Inscriptions. CUimants to Produce 
Vouchers. Certificates of Death of Deceased Annuitants. 

4, Arrears of Perpetual and Life Annuities to bo Inscribed in Great Book 

of Public Debt. Date of New Inscriptions. 

5. Bules for Determining Capital duo on Immoyable Property. Proofs to be 

produced by British Subjects. Facilities to be afforded by French 
Goyemment. Determination of Value of Immovable Property. 
Capital to be Inscribed in Great Book of Public Debt. Interest on 
Arrears due upon Capital. 
G. Bules determining Capital due on Arrears. Proofs to be produced by 
Claimants. Capital allowed to be Inscribed in Great Book of Public 
Debt. Arrears of Interest to be Inscribed in Great Book of Public 
Debt. Vessels, Ships, Cargoes, and Movable Property not to be 
admitted to Liquidation. 

7. Claims for Loans and Mortgages on Sequestered Property. Claims to 

be paid in Inscriptions on the Great Book. Advantages secured to 
Claimants by Edicts or Decrees. 

8. Division of Inscriptions arising to each Creditor. 

9. Capital to be Inscribed as a 'Fund of Guarantee in the Name of Com- 

missioners. Commissioners to receive the Interest for the Profit of 
Creditors. Amount of Inscriptions to be increased to meet the neces- 
sary Payments. 

10. Certificates to bo Delivered to Creditors. 

11. Certificates to be Inscribed in the Great Book of the Public Debt. 

Interest and Capital to be paid to Creditors by the Commissioners. 

• This Convention was distinguished as " No. 7 " in the Papers laid before 
Parliament. • 

The Commissioners appointed imder this Convention were : — Mr. Colin 
Alexander Mackenzie, Mr. OteoTgQ Lewis Ncwnham, Mr. Gtjorge Hammond, 
Mr. David Richard Morier, Mr. James Drummond. Their appointments 
were dated 27th December, 1815. 

See also Convention of 25th April, 1818. 

898 



Ho. 46] aBEAT_BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2iid Peace of Paris. Claims of British Subjects.] 

Abt. Table {continued), 

12. Belay to be allowed to Claimants. 

13. Appointment of Commissioners. Liquidation, &c., of Sums allowed by 

Commissioners. Certificates to bo Deliyered on Claims being allowed. 

14. Commission of Arbitration. Vacancies in either Commission to be 

Filled up without Delay. Absent Commissioner of Liquidation to be 
Replaced by one of the Arbitrators. Absent Commissioner of Arbi- 
tration to be replaced by a Commissioner of Liquidation. Oath to 
be taken by New Commissioners. 

15. Oath to be taken by Commissioners of Liquidation, Deposit, and Arbitra- 

tion. Power to Commissioners to call Witnesses. 

16. Time of Restoration of French Colonies of Martinique and Chtadahu^. 

17. Restoration of Prisoners of War. 

Additional Article, 
Bordeaux Claims. 

(English Version.*) 

ConvetUion between Great Britain and France^ concluded in con^ 
formiiy with Article IX of the Principal Treatif^ relative to the 
Examination and Liquidation of the Claims of the Subjects of His 
Britannic Majesty against the Government of France, 

Claims of British Subjects on French Government, 

Art. I. The Subjects of Ilis Britannic Majesty having Claims 
upon the French Government, who, in contravention of Article II 
of the Treaty of Commerce of 1786,f and since the 1st of January, 
1793, have suffered on that account, by the Confiscations or 
Sequestrations decreed in France, shall, in conformity with 
Additional Article IV of the Treaty of Paris, of the year 1814 
(No. 1), themselves, their heirs, or assigns. Subjects of His Bri- 
tannic Majesty, be indemnified and paid, when their Clauns shall 
have been admitted as legitimate, and when the amount of them 
shall have been ascertained, according to the forms, and under 
the conditions, hereafter stipulated. 

Claims for Confiscated Stock, 

Art. II. The Subjects of His Britamiic Majesty, holders of 
l^ermanent Stock under the French Government, and who on that 
accomit have, since the 1st of January, 1793, suffered by the Con- 

• For French rersion, see " State Papers," toI. iii, p. 842. 
t Commerce only. 

390 



y 



20 Nov., 1815.] G^REAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 46 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Claims of British Subjects.] 

fiscations or Sequestrations decreed in France, shall themselves, 
their heirs or assigns, Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, be 
inscribed in the Great Book of the Consolidated Debt of France, 
for an amount of Stock equal to the amount of the Stock they 
possessed prior to the Laws and Decrees of Sequestration or of 
Confiscation above-'mentioned. 

Conditions in favour of Creditors to be added to amount of Stock. 

In the cases in which the Edicts or Decrees constituting the 
above-mentioned Stock shall have added thereto profitable con- 
ditions or favourable chances, account shall bo had thereof in 
favour of the Creditors, and an addition, founded upon a just 
evaluation of such advantages, shall be made to the amount of 
the Stock to be inscribed. 

Date of New Inscriptions. 

The New Inscriptions shall bear date, and bear Interest, from 
the 22nd of March, 1816. 

Excq)tions. 

Such Subjects of Ilis Britannic Majesty, who, by receiving 
their annuities at a 3rd, after the 80th of September, 1797, have 
submitted themselves by their own act to the Laws existing upon 
this subject, are excepted from the above-mentioned dispositions. 

Life Annuity Claims. 

Art. III. Such of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, or 
their heirs or assigns, subjects of Ilis Britannic Majesty, as pos- 
sessed Life Annuities from the French Government, before the 
Decrees of Confiscation or Sequestration, shall equally be inscribed 
upon the Great Book of the Life Annuities of France, for the same 
sum of Life Annuities as they enjoyed in 1793. Such of the Subjects 
of Ilis Britannic Majesty, however, as have changed the nature 
of their Claims, by receiving their Annuities at a 8rd, and thus by 
their owti act have submitted themselves to the Laws existing 
upon this subject, shall be excepted from the above dispositions. 

Date of New Inscriptions. 

The New Inscriptions shall bear date, and bear Interest, from 

the 22ml March, IHlfi. 

400 



No. 46] GREAT BRITAIN, «&c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Claima of British Subjects.] 

Claimants to Produce Vouchers, 

Prior to the delivery of the New Inscriptions, the Claimants 
shall be bound to produce Certificates, according to the usual 
forms, declaring that the persons in whose names their Life 
Annuities were constituted are still alive. 

CetiiJiccUes of Death of Deceased Annuitants, 

With respect to those of the above-mentioned subjects of His 
Britannic Majesty possessing Life Annuities in the names of per- 
sons who are dead, they shall be bound to produce Certificates of 
Demise, in the usual forms, stating the period of the decease : 
and in that case the Annuities shall be paid up to such period. 

Arrears of Perpetual and Life Annuities to be inscribed in Great 

Book of Public Debt. 

Art. IV. Such arrears of the Perpetual and Life Annuities as 
shall have been liquidated and allowed, and as shall be due up to 
the 22nd March next exclusively, save the cases of exception 
specified in Articles II and III, shall bo inscribed in the Great 
Book of the Public Debt of France, at the rate which shall be the 
medium price between par and the current market price of the 
day, at the date of the signature of the present Treaty. 

Date of New Inscriptions, 

The Inscriptions shall bear date, and bear Interest, from the 
22nd March, 1816, inclusively. 

Rules for determining Capital due on Immovable Property, 

Abt. V. In order to determine the capital due on Imniovalle 
Property which belonged to Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, to 
their heirs or assigns, equally Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, 
and which was Sequestrated, Confiscated, and Sold, the following 
process shall be had : — 

Proofs to be produced hj British Subjects, 

The said Subjects of His Britannic Majesty shall be obliged 
to produce : Ist, the Deed of Purchase, proving their proprietor- 
ship ; 2ndly, the Acts proving the facts of the Sequestration, and 
of the Confiscation against themselves, their ancestors, or as- 
signors, subjects of His Britannic Majesty. In default, however, 

of all proofs in writing, considering the cii*cunistances undei 

401 2 D 



20 Nov., 1815.] OOKIT BRITAIN, &o., AND FBAHCE. [Mo. 46 
tSnd PMoa ot Porlfl. OlBbni of British SntdBoU.] 

whicli the ('onfiacatioDS aud Sequestrationa took [dace and those 
which have einco arUoii, such other proof aUall be admitted as 
the Commisaioiiers of Liquidatiuu hereafter mentioned shall jodge 
Huficient in lieu thereof. 

Facilities to he ajforded by French GovernmenL 
The French Govemmeut further engages to fadUtate, by every 
means, the production of all Titles and Proofs serving to sub- 
stantiate the Claims to which the present Artide refers, and the 
Conunissioners shall be authorised to make all search, which they 
shall jodgo necessary, to arrive at such information, and to ob- 
t£un the production of such Titles and Proofs ; they shall also be 
empowcrcd to examine upon oath, in case of need, such persons 
employed ui the public offices as may have It iu their power to 
point them out or to furnish them. 

Delerminatiort of Value of Iiwmeahie Property, 
The value of the said Immovable Property shall be deler< 
mined and fiitcd by the production of an extract of the " Mairice " 
of tiio '■ Rolen " of the " Contribution Fonciert " for the year 1791, 
juid at the rate of twenty times the revenue mentioned in the 
said "7W/M.", 

If the " MiUricea" slioukl no longer exist, and that it should 
therefore be impossible to produce the extracts, the claimants 
shall be authorised to furnish such other proofs as shall be 
admitted by the Oonimi.'ision of Liquidation mentioned in the 
fiillowiiig Articles. 

Capital to be Iitscribetl in Great Book of Public Debt. 
The Capital thus liquidated and allowed shall be inscribed upon 
the Groat Book of the Public Debt of France, at the rate which 
has been fixed in Article IV for the Inscription of the arrears of 
the Annuities ; and the Inscriptions shall bear date, aiid shall 
bear Interest, from the 22nd of Marcli next inclusively. 

Inlei-est on Arrears due upon Capital. 
The Arrears upon the said Capital, from the period of its 
Bequest ration, shall be calculated at the rate of 4 per cent, per 
annum, without deduction, and tlio whole amomit of those arrears, 
up to the 22iid March next exclusively, shall be inscribed iu 
the Great Book of the Public Debt of France, at the rate above- 
402 



Ho. 46] araJAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[8nd F«ao6 of Paris. Claims of British Subjects.'] 

mentioned, and shall bear Interest from the 22nd March next 
inclnsively. 

Hulea detentimiinng Capital due on Arrears* 

Art. VI. In order to fix the Capital as well as the Arrears 
which shall be due to such of the Subjects of His Britannic 
Majesty, whose Movable Property in France has been Seques- 
tered, Confiscated, and Sold, or to their heirs or assigns, Sub- 
jects of His Britannic Majesty, the following process shall be 
had: 

Proofs to he produced hy Claimants. 

The Claimants shall be obliged to produce : 1st, the Process 
verbal, containing the inventory of the movable effects seized qr 
sequestrated; 2ndly, the Proces-verhal of the sale of the said 
effects, or in default of proofs in writing, such other proof as the 
respective Commissioners of the two Powers shall judge sufficient 
in lieu thereof, according to the principles established in the pre- 
ceding Article; the French Government engaging, in this re- 
spect, to give the same facilities, and the Commissioners are 
authorised to make the same search, and to take the same 
measures, as have been detailed in the foregoing Article with 
respect to immovable property. The amount of the Stock arising 
from the seizures and sales of the Movable Property shall be thus 
determined ; regard being always had to those periods during 
which paper money was in circulation and to the fictitious aug- 
mentation of prices resulting therefrom. 

Capital allowed to he Inscribed in Great Book of Public Debt, 

The Capital liquidated and allowed shall be inscribed upon 
the Greet Book of the Public Debt of France, at the rate which 
has been fixed by the preceding Articles, and the Inscriptions 
shall bear date, and shall bear Interest, from the 22nd of March 
next inclusively. 

Arrears of Interest to he Insciihed in Great Booh of Public Debt. 

The Arrears liquidated and allowed, due upon the said Capital, 
from the period at which the Claimant was deprived of the posses- 
sion of his or her Movable Property, shall be calculated at the rate 
of 3 per cent, per annum, without deduction, and the whole amount 
of the said Arrears, up to the 22nd of March next exclusively, 

403 2 D 2 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREIT BRirAIN, &:;., AND FRANCE. [Mo. 46 
[2ai Fdstce of Paris. Claims of British Subjects.] 

shall be inscribed upon the Great Book of the Public Debt of 
France, at the rate above-mentioned, and shall bear Interest from 
the 22nd March next inclusively. 

Vessels, Ships, Cargoes, and Movable Property not to he admitted 

to Liquidation. 

The Vessels, Ships, Cargoes, and other Movable Property 
which shall have been Seized and Confiscated, either to the profit 
of Franca or to the profit of the Subjects of His Most Christian 
Majesty, in conformity with the Laws of War and the prohibitory 
Decrees, shall not be admitted to the liquidation, nor to the pay- 
ments mentioned in the present Article. 

Claims for Loans and Mortgages on Sequestered Property. 

Art. VII. The Claims of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, 
arising from the different Loans made by the French Government, 
or from Mortgages upon Property Sequestered, Seized and Sold 
by the said Government, or any other Claim whatsoever, nor com- 
prised in the preceding Articles, and which would bo admissible 
according to the terms of Additional Article IV of the Treaty 
of Paris of 1814 (No. 1), and of the present Convention, shall be 
liquidated and fixed ; adopting with respect to each Claim the 
modes of admission, of verification, and of liquidation, which 
shall be conformable to their respective natures, and which shall 
be defined and fixed by the Mixed Commission mentioned in the 
following Articles, according to the principles laid down in the 
above Articles. 

Claims to he Paid in hiscriptions on the Great Book. 

These Claims thus liquidated shall be paid in Inscriptions in 
the Great Book at the rate above-mentioned, and the Inscriptions 
shall bear date, and shall bear Interest, from the 22nd of March 
next, inclusively. 

Advantages secured to Claimants hy Edicts or Decrees. 

In the cases wherein the Edicts or Decrees constituting the 
Claims above-mentioned shall have assured to the Creditors the 
reimbursement of the capitals, and other profitable conditions or 
favourable chances, account shall be had thereof to the benefit of 
the Claimants, as detailed above in Article II. 

404 



No. 46] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[8nd Peace of Paris. Claims of British Subjects.] 

Division of Inscriptions arising to each Creditor. 

Art. VIII. The amount of the Inscriptions arising to each 
Creditor, from his Claims liquidated and allowed, shall be divided 
by the Commissioners of Deposit into 5 equal portions; the 
first of which shall be delivered immediately after liquidation, the 
second 3 months after, and so on with respect to the other 
portions every 3 months; the Creditors will nevertheless 
receive the hiterests of the whole of their debta liquidated and 
allowed, from the 22nd of March, 1816, inclusive, as soon as their 
respective Claims shall have been allowed and admitted. 

Capital to be Inscribed as a Fund of Guarantee in the Name of 

Commissioners. 

Abt. IX. A Capital, producing an Interest of 3,500,000 francs, 
commencing from the 22nd of March, 1816, shall be inscribed as 
a fond of guarantee in the Great Book of the Public Debt of 
France, in the name of two or four Commissioners, the one-half 
English and the other half French, chosen by their respective 
Governments. 

Commissioners to receive the Interest for the profit of Creditors. 

These Commissioners shall receive the said Interest from the 
22nd of March, 1816, every 6 months ; they shall hold it in 
deposit, without having the power of negotiating it, and they 
shall further be bound to place the amount of it in the Public 
Funds, and to receive the Accumulated and Compound Interest of 
the same, for the profit of the Creditors. 

Amount of Inscriptions to he Increased to meet the necessary 

Payments, 

In case the 8,500,000 francs of Interest shall be insuflBcient, 
there shall be delivered to the said Commissioners Inscriptions for 
larger simis, until their amount shall be equal to what may be 
necessary to pay all the Debts mentioned in the present Act. 
These Additional Inscriptions, if there shall be any, shall be deli- 
vered, bearing Interest from the same period as the 3,500,000 
francs above stipulated, and shall be administered by the Commis- 
sioners, according to the same principles, so that the Claims which 
shall remain to be paid, shall be paid with the same proportion of 
Accumulated and Compound Interest, as if the fimd of guarantee 
had been from the first sufficient ; and as soon as all the payments 

405 



20 Nov., 1815J OABAT BBITAIK, &o., AND FRANCE. [Mo. 46 
[2nd Peace of Parle. Clalme of British Suldeote.] 

due to the Creditors shall have been made, the surplus of the 
interest fund not employed, with the proportion of Accumulated 
and Compound Interest which shall belong thereto, shall, if there 
be any, be given up to the disposal of the French Government. 

Certificates to he delivered to Creditors, 

Art. X. In propoitiou as the Liquidation shall be effected, and 
as the Claims shall be allowed, distinction being made between 
the sumis representing the Capitals, uid the sums arising from the 
Arrears or Interest, the Commission of Liquidation, which shall be 
mentioned in the following Articles, shall deliver to the Creditors, 
allowed to be such, two Certificates for the value of the whole In- 
scription to be made, bearing Interest from the 22nd of March^ 
1816, inclusive ; one of the Certificates relating to the Capital of 
the debt, and the other relating to the Arrears or Interest liquidated, 
up to the 22nd of March, 1816, exclusively. 

Certijicatea to he imcrihed in the Great Book of the Public Debt. 

Art. XL The Certificates above-mentioned shall be delivered 
over to the Commissioners holding the Annuities in deposit, who 
shall check the same, in order that they be immediately inscribed 
in the Great Book of the Public Debt of France, to the debit of the 
deposit fund, and to the ci-edit of the new creditors, acknowledged 
as such, bearers of the said Certificates ; care beuig taken to dis- 
tinguish the Perpetual from the Life Annuities. 

Interest and Cajntal to he paid to Creditors hy the Commissioner's, 

And the said Creditors shall bo authorised from the day of the 
definitive Liquidation of their Claims to receive, for their profit, 
from the said Commissioners, the Interests which are due to them, 
together with the Accumulated and Compound Interests, if there 
be any, as well as such portion of the capital as shall have been 
paid, according to what has been regulated by the preceding 
Articles. 

Delay to he allowed to Claiinauts, 

Art. XII. A further delay shall be allowed, after the signature 
of the present Convention, to the Subjects of His Britannic 
Majesty, who shall have Claims upon the French Government, for 
the matters specified in the present Act, in order that they may 
bring forward their Claims and produce their Titles. 

400 



Ko. 46] 0BBAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCIS. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[And Pefto« of Paxl«. Olalms of British Sulitjects.] 

This delay shall be extended to 3 Months for the Creditors 
residing in Europe, 6 Months for such as are in the western 
colonies, and 12 Months for such as are resident in the East 
Indies, or in other Countries equally distant. After the expiration 
of these periods, the said Subjects of His Britannic Majesty shall 
no longer have the benefit of the present Liquidation. 

Appointment of Commissioners. 

Abt. XIII. In order to proceed in the Liquidation and allow- 
ance of the Claims mentioned in the preceding Articles, theix) 
shall be formed a Commission, composed of two French and two 
English Commissioners, who shall be nominated and appointed by 
their respective Governments, 

Liquidation^ 4rc,, of Sums alloi&ed by Commissionei*8, 

These Commissioners, after they shall have allowed and ad- 
mitted the Titles to the Claims, shall proceed, according to the 
principles pointed out, to the allowance, liquidation, and determi- 
nation of the Sums which shall be due to each Creditor. 

Certificates to he delivered on Claims being allowed. 
In proportion as the Claims shall be allowed and ascertained, 
they shall deliver to the Creditors the two Certificates mentioned 
in Article X, one for the capital, the other for the interest^?. 

Commission 6f A rbitration,* 

Art. XIV. A Commission of Arbitrators shall at the same time 
be named, composed of four members, two of whom shall be 
named by the British Government, and two by the French 
Government 

If it shall be necessary to call upon the Arbitrators, in case of 
an equality of votes on any point, the four names of the Arbitia- 
tors, English and French, shall be put into an urn, and the one of 
the four whose names shall be drawn first shall be the Arbitrator 
of the particular affair upon which there shall have been eu<"b 
equality of votes. 

Each of the Commissioners of Liquidation shall, in his turn, 
take from the urn the ticket which is to point out the Arbitrator. 

• The ConmuBsioners ' of Liquidation were: — Mr. Colin Alexander 
Mackenzie and Mr. George Lewis Nownliam. The ComnuBsioners of Arbi- 
tration were: — Mr. 0«orge Hammond and Mr. Daxid Kiohard Moricr. The 
Commissioners of Deposit were : — Mr. Dayid Kiohard Morier and Mr*. James 
Drummond. Their appointments were dated 27th December, 1816. 

407 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND FBANCB. [Ho. 46 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Claims of British SalijeoU.] 

A Proces'verbal shall be made of this operation, and shall be 
annexed to the one which sliall be drawn up for the liquidation 
and determination of the particular Claim. 

Vacancies in either Commission to be filled up without delay. 

If a Vacancy shall take place, either in the Commission of 
Liquidation or in that of Arbitration, the Government, which ought 
to provide for the nomination of a new member, shall proceed to 
that nomination without delay, in order that the two Commissions 
may always remain as far as possible complete. 

Absent Commissioner of Liquidation to be replaced by one of 

the Arbitrators, 

If one of the Commissioners of Liquidation shall be absent, 
he shall be replaced, during his absence, by one of thp Arbitrators 
of his Nation ; and as in that case there will remain but one 
Arbitrator of that Nation, the two Arbitrators of the other Nation 
shall also be reduced to one by lot. 

Absent Commissioner of Arbitration to be replaced by a Commissioner 

of Liquidation, 

And if one of the Arbitrators should absent himself, the same 
operation shall take place, in order to reduce to one the two Arbi- 
trators of the other Nation. 

It is generally understood, that in order to obviate all manner 
of delay in this business, the Liquidation and Adjudication shall 
not be suspended, provided there shall be present, and in activity, 
one Commissioner and one Arbitrator of each Nation, the principle 
of equality between the Commissioners and the Arbitrators of the 
two Nations being always preserved, and re-established, if neces- 
sary, by lot. 

Oath to be taken by New Commissioners, 

Wlienever either of the Contracting Powers shall proceed to 
the nomination of new Commissioners of Liquidation, of Deposit, 
or of Arbitration, the said Commissioners shall bo obliged, pre- 
viously to their entering upon their functions, to make the Oath, 
and in the forms detailed in the following Article. 

Oath to be taken by Commissioners of Liquidation^ Deposit^ and 

A rbitration. 

Art. XV. The Commissioners of Liquidation, the Commis- 

408 



No. 46] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Snd Pectoe of Paris. Claims of British Subjects.] 

sioners of Deposit, and the Arbitrators, shall together make an 
Oath, in presence of the Ambassador of Ilis Britannic Majesty, 
and between the hands of the Keeper of the Seals of France, 
to proceed justly and faithfully, to have no preference either for 
the Creditor or for the Debtor, and to act in all their proceedings 
according to the stipulations of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th 
May, 1814 (No, 1), and of the Treaties and Conventions with 
France, signed this day (Nos. 40, 41, 42, 45, 46), and more 
particularly according to those of the present Convention. 

Power to Commissioners to call Witnesses, 

The Commissioners of Liquidation and the Arbitrators shall 
be authorised to call Witnesses whenever they shall judge it neces- 
sary, and to examine them by Oath in the usual forms, upon all 
points relative to the different Claims which form the object of 
this Convention. 

Time of Restoration of French Colonies of Martinique and 

Guadaloupe, 

Art. XVI. When the 3,500,000 franca of Interest, mentioned 
in Article IX, shall have been inscribed in the name of the Com- 
missioners, who are to hold that sum in Deposit, and on the first 
demand which shall be thereafter made by the French Govern- 
ment, His Britannic Majesty shall give the necessary orders to 
carry into execution the restoration of the French Colonies, as 
stipulated by the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), 
comprehending Martinique and Guadaloupe, which have been 
since occupied by the British Forces. 

The Inscription above-mentioned shall be made before the 1st 
January next, at the latest. 

Restoration of Prisoners of War, 

Art. XVil. The Prisoners of War, oflBcers and soldiers, both 
naval and military or of any other description, taken during the 
hostilities which have lately ceased, shall on both sides be imme- 
diately restored to their respective Countries, under the same 
conditions which are specified in the Convention of the 23rd 
April, 1814,* and in the Treaty of the 30tli May of the same year 
(No. 1) ; and the British Government renounces all claim to any 

• See Appendix. 
409 



20 Nov., 1815.] ^RBAT BBITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [Ho. 46 
[8nd Peace of Paiie. Bordeaux Olaime.] 

Bums or indemnities whatsoever, which might belong to it from 
the surplus arising from the maintenance of the said Prisoners of 
War ; subject nevertheless, to the condition specified in Additional 
Article IV of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1). 
Done at Paris, the 20th day of November, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) RICIIELIEU. (L.S.) AVELLINGTON. 



Additional Article. Pan's^ 20tk November, 1815. 

Bordeaux Claims.* 

The Claims of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, founded 
on a decision of His Most Christian Majesty, relative to the 
British Merchandise introduced into Bordeaux, in conformity to 
the Tariff of Customs published in the above-mentioned city, by 
His Royal Highness the Duke d'Angouleme, on the 24th March, 
1814, shall be liquidated and paid, according to the principles and 
the object declared in the above-mentioned decision of His Most 
Christian Majesty. 

The Commission instituted by Article XIII of the Convention 
of this day, is directed to proceed immediately to the liquidation 
of the said Claim, and to fix the dates of its payment to be made 
in money. 

The decision wliich shall be made by the Commissioners, shall 
be executed unmediately, according to its form and tenor. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
effect as if it were inserted, word for word, in the Convention 
signed this day, relative to the examination and liquidation of the 
Claims of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty against the 
Government of France. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have thereto affixed the Seal of their Arms, 

Done at Paris, the 20th day of November, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. (L.S.) WELLINGTON. 

• See Separate Article, 25th April, 1818. and Additional Articles, 4th 
July, 1818. 



4J0 



No. 47] 



GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Peace of Europe.] 



No. ^n.^NOTE of the Allied Minutevs to the Bake de 
RichelieUy relative to the Maintenance of the Peace of 
\Earope. Pari'*, 20th November^ 1815, 



(Translation.) 

The Undersigned lioi)e that the Duke de Richelieu will perceive 

in these Arrangements the same character and the same principles 

in which the measum of the Military Occupation of part of Franco 

has been conceived and adopted. They, moreover, carry with 

them, in quitting this comitry, the consolatory persuasion, that 

notwithstanding the elements of disorder which France may still 

contain in consequence of the Revolutionary Eveiits, a wise and 

paternal Government, acting on principles adapted to compose and 

conciliate the minds of the people, and abstaining from all acts 

contrary to such system, will succeed not only in maintaining the 

Public Repose, but also in i-e-estiibliBhing universal Union and 

Confidence, while it will relieve the Allied Powers, as far as the 

measures of the Government will admit, from the painful necessity 

of recurring to the adoption of means, which, in the event of 

renewed disorder, would be imperiously prescribed to them by the 

duty of providing for the security of their own subjects and the 

general Tranquillity of Europe. 

The Undersigned, &c. 



CASTLEREAGIL 

HARDENBERG. 

METTERNIOn. 



CAPO DISTRIA. 

RASOUMOFFSKY. 

WESSENBERG. 



411 



21 Nov., 1816.] GBBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [Ho. 48 

[Fortiiloatiozui : Netherlands, Oermany, Savoy.] 

No. 48. — PROTOCOL of Conference between Great Britain, 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia, respecting the Fortifcation 
of the Netherlands^ Germany, and Savoy. Vienna^ 2\8t 
November, 1815. 

[Referred to in Art. II of the Treaty between PrnsBia and 
Netherlands of 8th November 1816.] 

Abt. Table. 

Preftmble. 

Disposal of Contributions payable bj France, 

1. Sums to be applied towards Fortifications in the 2Mh$rUmds. 

2. New Defensiye Works for Germany. 
8. Fortification of Satojf, 

(Translation.*) 
Disposal of Cotitn'butions payable by France, 

The Ministers of the Four Courts have taken into consideration 
the rules to be laid down for the employment of that part of the 
Contributions payable by France, which, according to their 
general determinations contained in the Proces-verbal of the 
6th of November, 1815, are to bo wholly appropriated to the 
strengthening of the Defensive Line of the States bordering on 
France; their Excellencies have recognized, in the adoption of this 
essentially European system, that the general safety and interests 
of all, and not the private advantage of any one State, is the 
object in view, and. consequently that all the Powers who have 
concurred therein, should have an equal right reciprocally to watch 
over its execution, and from time to time to take cognizance of 
the application of the funds destined for an object of such high 
importance. 

They have further rcsolved, that, m order to execute this 
measure in concert, and by regularly combined operations, it will 
be expedient to confide to such of the Great Powers as may be 
most conveniently situated for that purpose, the care of arranging 
with the Sovereigns directly interested in the several works, the 
plan to be pursued and the most convenient means of carrj-ing it 
into effect. 

Sums to be applied towardtf Fortifcatious in the Netherlands. 

1. For this purpose the Undersigned Ministers have agreed, that 

• For French Version, sec " State Paper*/* toI. iii, p. 249. 

412 



No. 48] aEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [21 Nov., 1815. 

[FortiAcatloxui : Netherlands, Q«rmany, Savoy.] 

the British Government shall, conjointly with that of the Nether- 
lands, determine upon the special employment of the Sums 
destined for fortifying the latter Country. 

New Defensive Works for Oerniany, 

2. That virith respect to the Defensive System of (xermany, the 
Courts of Austria aad of Prussia shall arrange, as well with each 
other as with those Sovereigns in whose territories new defensive 
works are to be constructed, the plans that are to be adopted and 
the measures that are to be pursued respecting them. 

Fortification of Savoy, 

3. That the Austrian Government shall enter into Belations with 
the King of Sardinia, relative to the Fortification of Savoy, 
exactly similar to those in which Great Britain is placed with 
respect to those of the Netherlands. 

That the Powers reserve the right of coming to an under- 
standing with Spain, conformably to the principles herein esta- 
blished, and as their Excellencies have conceived it indispensable, 
that the operations which are about to be projected and executed, 
should form one general System, and be as closely connected as 
possible, it is further agreed that frequent communications shall 
take place between the Cabinets, for the purpose of respectively 
informing themselves of the different measures which may have 
been adopted, for the most advantageous employment of the Sums 
appropriated to ensuring the success of the said operations. 

The present Proces-verbal is solely intended to testify the 
unanimity of the subscribing Ministers on the principle of tho 
question of which it treats, and to form the basis of the instruc- 
tions which shall be given with regard to it to the Ministers at 
the different Courts. 

CASTLEREAGH. 

METTERNICH. 

CAPO DISTRIA. 

HARDENBERG. 

RASOUMOFFSKY. 



413 



July-Nov., 1816 J GBEAT BEITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. [No, 49 
[Paris Conferences. Territorial Arrangrements.] 



No. 4c9.— PROTOCOLS of Conferences between the PlenU 
potentiaries of Great Britain^ Austria, Prussiay Russia, 
and France relative to the Territorial Arrangements of 
Europe, ^-c. Parisy 2it1i Jxily — 2\st November^ 1815. 

"State 

Papew," 

ToL iii. 

Pago 

General Arrangements with France, 

1. Administration of Departmenis to bo occnpied bj the Allied 

Troops. Noto of Plcnipotontiarios of 4 Powers to Prince 
Talleyrand 24tli July. 215 

2. Profet of Treaty of Peace 20tli September. 210 

Indemnities and Ghiarantees for future Security. 

Confirmation of Treaty of Peace, 1814. 

Limits of Framee. 

Garrison of Monaco. 

Neutrality of Switzerland, 

Fortifications of Huningen, 

Pecuniary Indemnity from France for Expenses of the War. 

Contribution by France towards the Expenses of Fortifications for 
theJDefence of the Netherlands^ Germany ^ and Piedmont, 

Cession by France, of CondS, Oivety Charlemont, and Sarre Louis. 

Temporary occupation of part of France by the Allied Troops. 

Non-intcrfercnco with Sovereignty. 

Number of Troops. Fortresses to be occupied. Lino of Demarca- 
tion. 

Subsistence, &c., of Troops. 

Kelations between the Army of Occupation and the Local Autho- 
rities. 

Duration of Occupation. 

3. \ Principles of the demand from France of Territorial Cessions. 

4. J 21st September. 221 

Indemnities and Military Occupation 22nd September. 225 

Guarantee of Security, and Compensation for Sacrifices — not for 

Conquest. 
Non-recognition of inviolability of French Territory. 

5. Bases of Arrangement 2nd October. 227 

Modification of Limits of France, 

Cession by France of Landau, Sarre Louis, Plillfpeville, and 

Marienherg. 
Demolition of Fortress of Kuningen, 
Monaco. 
Avignon, Venaissin, kc. Indemnity 700^000,000 ftuncs. Mih'tary 

Line. 

414 



Mo. 49] aBBAT BEITAIN, &o., AND FEANOB. [July— NOY., 1815. 
[Purls Oonlbrenoei. Territorial Arranflremants.] 

" State 
Papers,** 
vol. iii. 
Oocupation of 'Porite&sca. Page 

Subsistence of Allied Troops. 
Duration of Oocupation. 
Sedaetiom of Gl-eneml Treatj. 

Militaiy Conyention, and Conyentions for Peouniarj Indemnity 
and Prirate Claims. 

6. Fecuniar^ ImdemiUiif and Subsistence of the Armj of Occupation. 

Payment of Contributions • . . 13th October. 229 

7. Military Arrangetnents 22nd October. 233 

Organisation, &c., of Army of Occupation. 

Contingents of Austria^ Great Britain, Pruatia, and Buuia, 
Contingents of Bavaria, Denmark, 8axomf, Hanover, and Wurtem* 

Urg. 
Command of the Armies, and communication with the French 

Qoyemment. 

8. Territorial Arrangewunte, Acquisition of French Territory, and 

Share of Fortification Money by the Netherlands, 8rd Noyember. 234 

A. Augmentation of Austrian and Prussian Indemnity by Netkerkmde. 

Quota 235 

Territorial Acquisition from France by Frussia, Amtria, and 

Switzerland, 
Extension of Swiss Neutrality. 
Acquisitions from France by Sardinia, 
Territorial Arrangemente between Sardinia and Genoa, 
Eemoyal of French and Sardinian Custom Houses. 
French Fortification Money for Sardinia, 
Augmentation of Austrian and Prussian Indemnity by Sardinia. 
Territorial Arrangements between Austria and Prussia, Quota. 

B. Indemnification of Meeklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Coburg. 

Hesse- Hamburgh and Pappenheim, . • 23G 

Exchanges between Austria and Bavaria, and between Bavaria 

and Hesse- Cassel. 
Augmentation of Bayarian share of Fortification Money. 
EeTorsion to Bavaria and Baden in part of Palatinate. 
Military route from Wurtzburg to Frankenthal, 
Bayarian Garrison of Landau. 

Cession by Bavaria to Austria of Territory derived from France, 
Cession by Austria to Hesse Darmstadt in return for the Duchy of 

Westphalia, 
Ectontion of the Bresgau by Austria, 
c. Defensive system of the Germanic Confederation, Fortresses of 

Mayence, Luxemburg, and Landau, Sovereignty. Garrisons. 

Distribution of French Indemnity for Fortifications to Prussia 

and Bavaria, and for a Fourth Fortress on the Upper Ehine, 

and the completion of the Works of Mayenee , . 20th November. 238 
9. French Indemnity, Distribution of, for Fortifications between the 

Netherlands, Prussia, Sardinia, Bavaria, and Spain. 

6th November. 242 
415 



July— Nov., 18150 GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 49 
[Paris Conferences. Territorial Arranarements.] 

*< State 

Papers," 

ToL iii. 

Page 

Sums for Fourth Fortress on tho Upper Rhine and Mayenee, 

Distribution of Indemnity for Compensation to 8pain^ Portiigal, 
Denmark^ and Switzerland^ and to Great Britain and PrueHa, 

Diyision of Residue of Indemnity between Austria, Great Britain, 
Prussia, BussiOf Bavaria, Netherlands, Wurtemberg, Sardinia, 
Baden, Hanover, Saxony, and the Minor Powers of Germany, 

Transfer of Sardinian and Netherland Stores to Austria and 
Prussia. 

Payment of Indemnity. 

Anticipation by Austria and Prussia, 

Commission of Liquidation at Paris. 

French payments for Subsistence, &c., of Allied Army of Oocnpa- 
tion. 

(Annex.) Table, Division of, between Austria, Great Britain^ 
Prussia, Bussia, and the acceding Powers of the Alliance 246 

10. Command of the Allied Army of Occupation 20th NoTember. 246 

Nature and Extent of the Conmiand. 

Non-interference with Royal Authority. 
Suppression of RcTolutionary ConTulsions. 

Communications between the Commander-in-Chief and the Allies 
and the French Government. 

11. Alliance between Au^fria, Great Britain, Prussia, and Bussia. 

20th November. 248 
Objects of the Alliance, Tranquillity of France, and General Peace 
of Europe. 

12. Fortification Money, Employment of : in the yetherlands, in con- 

cert with Great Britain ; in Germany, in concert with Austria 
and Prussia ; in Sardinia, in concert with Austria ; in Spain, 

as to be agreed upon 21st November. 249 

Communications as to general system of Fortifications. 



[On the 27th November, 1815, a Constitutional Charter was 
granted to the Kingdom of Poland; a French Translation of 
which is to be found in " State Papers," vol. xix, p. 971.] 



416 



No. 50.1 HRSSE-CASSEL AND PRUSSU. [5 Feb., 1816. 

[Fulda.] 



No. 50.— PROTOCOL between Prussia and Hesse-Cassel, 
relative to the former Department of Fulda, Fulda^ 
5th February y 1816. 



Sec. Tablb. 

Preamble. Rofepcnco to Treaty of IGth October, 1815. 

1. Transfer by PruMta to Hesne-Cassel of part of Department of Fulda. 

2. Liquidation. 

3. The Military. 

4. Articles excepted from the Cession. 
6. Postal Rights. 

6. Arrears. 

7. Advances made from the General Fund. 

8. Rents, &c., in arrear. 

9. Archives. 
10. Pensionaries. 

(Trauslrttioii.) 
' PreaiMe, Reference to Treaty of IGth October,^ 1815. 

The Commissiouers appointed for the execution of the Treaty 
between Ills Royal Majesty of Prussia and Ilis Royal Highness 
the Elector of Ilesse-Cassol, concluded on the 16th October, 1815 
(No. 37), namely : 

For Prussia, Ilerr Fricdiich Christian xVdolph von Motz, &c. 
For the Elector of Ilesse, Ilerr Ferdinand Carl Wilhelm Ileun-ich 
Schenk von Schweinsberg, &c., &c., met at the palace here, and 
after producmg their Full Powers, arranged as follows : 

Transfer hi Prussia to Hesse- Cassel of part of Department of 

Fulda. 

§. 1. That part of tlie former Grand Ducal Department of 
Fulda, with the thereunto belonging Domahi of Ilettrichshausen, 
situated hi the Principality of Ilanau, still at the disposal of His 
Royal Majesty of Prussia is — in accordance with the Treaty of 
ICth October, 1815 (No. 3 7), but with l•eser^'ation of the exchange* 
of the District of Salmiinster with Merzel, Sannerz, and the 
Iluttischland, against an equivalent situated in the District of 
Weihers or its neighbourhood, to 1x3 effected by exclusive Treaty 
l)etween their Majesties tlie King of Piiissia and the Em^x^ror of 
Austria, without any other exception, and with all rights and 
ul •ligations, tranefenvd to His \li,\w\ Highness the Elector of 

417 2 E 



6 Feb., 1816.J HESSE-CASSEL AND PBUSSIA. [No. 50 

rFulda.] 

Jlessc; and the inhabitants of the ceded districts are released 
from their engagements to Ilis Royal Majesty of Prussia, in such 
wise that the full Rights of Possession may be immediately 
demanded for Ills Royal Highness the Mector and his descen- 
dants. 

§§. 2 to 10. {See Table.) 

Done at Fulda, 5th February, 1816, and Signed and Bealed by 
both C<mimissioner8. 

VON MOTZ. 

VON SCHWEINSBERG. 



418 



No. 61] PRUSSIA, UESSE-CASSEL, &c. [4 March, 1816. 

[Hease-Bothenburg'. ] 



No. 51. — TERRITORIAL CONVENTION between 
Prussia, Hesse- Cassely and Hesse-Rothenburff, Signed at 
Cassel, 4th Marcliy 1816. 



Art. • Table. 

Preamble. Eeference to Treaty of 16th October, 1816. 

1. Cession by the Landgrave of Hesse-Eoihenburff of his Eiglit of Indemni- 

Hcation to the Elector. 

2. The Landgrave of Sease-Bothenhurg to receive an Estate under PrvsHiau 

Sovereignty, with a clear Revenue to a certain amount. 

3. The Landgrave of Hesae-Mothenhurg to possess the Estate in fee. 

4. With all Bights appertaining to an Estate of that extent. 

5. The Estate to bo selected with his own concurrence. 

6. The Landgrave of HesseSothenlurg to decide within a certain time 

whether he will accept the Lordship of Ratihor and Sauden as an 
Indemnification. 

7. The Elector to take the necessary measures to obtain possession of it if 

the Landgrave of HesseSoihenburg accepts the said Lordsliip. 

8. If the Landgrave of HesseSothenburg refuses, he will still be entitled to 

the Indemnification. 
0. Prussia guarantees both Elector and Landgmvo against any interference 
on the part of the Landgrave's imcle, Charles Const antinc. 

(Ti-aiislatkwi.) 

Preamble. ' Reference to Treaty of 16M October., 1816. 

In the Treaty between Pmssia and Ilessc-Cassel of 16tli 
October, 1815 (No. 37), a complete Indemnification waf* ensured 
to the Landgrave of Ilessc-liOthenbnrg for the Cession of tlio 
Lower County of Katzenellnbogen, the IjOrdship of Plesse, 
including the Monasteiy of nockelheim, and tlie IJailiwick <>f 
Neuengleiclien. 

As several difficulties liave arisen as to the manner in wliicli 
tlie Indemnification is to l.>e made, His Majesty tlio King of 
Pnissia has midertaken to facilitate the business by his co- 
operation. 

For this purpose Plenipotentiaries have lx?en appointed : 

On the part of Pnissia, President Conrad Sigismnnd Charles 
von Hoenlein, &c., &c. ; 

On the part of Hesse-Cassel, Pi-ivy Councillor John Tlassen- 

l>lUug, &c., &c. ; 

\l\) 2 i: 2 



4 March, 1816.1 PRUSSIA, IIESSE C ASSEL, kc. [No. 51 

[Hesse-Bothenburff . ] 

On the part of Ilesse-Rothenbiirg, Piivy Councillor Charles 
William Goessel, &c., &c. ; who have agreed as follows : — 
Arts. I. to IX. (See Table.) 

Cassel, 4th March, 1816. 

VON IIOENLEIN. 

IIASSENPFLUG. 

GOESSEL. 



420 



No. 52] SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[Oeneva, Savoy, Chablais, and Fauciflrny.l 

No. 52.— TREATY between Sardinia^ the Swiss Confedera- 
tion, and the Canton of Geneva^ respecting the Neutrality 
of Savoy, Chablais, Faucigny, 8^c* Signed at Turing 
16/A March, 181G. 

[This Treaty formed Annex I. to the General Treaty of Frankfort, 

of 20th July, 1819.] 

Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Reference to Treaty of SOtli May, 1814 ; and to Protocols of 
20th March and 3rd November, 1815. 

1. B'jundaries of Territory ceded by Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva. 

2. Mutual Renunciation of Sovereign Rights in coiintries ceded. 

3. Lino of Custom-Houses in the neighbourhood of Geneva and the Lake. 

4. Free export of Provisions from Savoy for the City and Canton of Geneva. 

5. Separate Convention to regulate D uties for Maiutouanco of the Simplon Road. 

6. Transit Duties. 

7. Perpetual Neulralily of Chablais^ Fattcigny^ and Territory north of 

Uffine {Upper Savoy), 

8. Freedom of Commercial commtmication. 

9. Disposal of Property by Sardinians in ceded countries. 

10. Rights of Sardinians to be respected. 

11. Dispositions in favour of Territory ceded. 

12. Maintenance of Catholic Religion in ceded States. 

13. Maintenance of Charitable Establishments and Public Instruction in 

ceded States. 

14. Landed Proprietors on Frontiers. 

15. Land Tax on Estates. Water Rights of Gencvesc Proprietor?. 

16. Abolition of Succession Duties. 

17. Swiss Proprietors on Frontiers of Piedmont. 

18. Payment of Contributions. 

19. Public Debts of ceded Territory. 

20. Liquidation of Debts of Department of the Lcman. Good Offices of 

French Govcmmentt Restoration of Title Deeds, &c. Free access 
to all Documents. 

21. Payment to be made by Canton of Geneva towards new Custom-Houses. 

22. Appointment of Boundary Commissioners. 

23. Former Treaties renewed. 

24. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament, f) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

Preamble. Reference to Treaty of^Oth May^ 1814; and to Protocols 
of2Dih March and Srd November^ 1815. 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia, in consideration of the 

• See Treaty between France and Sanlinia of 24tli Marcli, 1860, for tlio 
cession of Savoy and Nice to France ; and notes of 14th March, 1859 ; 
IStli July, 1870 ; and 29tli July, 1870. 

t For French version, wv "State Papers," vol. vii., p. 21. 

421 



16 Bfarch, 1816,] SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [No. 52 

[G^eneva, Savoy, Cliablais, and Fanciffny.] 

lively solicitude manifested by the Powers who signed the 
Treaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), that the Canton 
of Geneva should obtain some facilites, as well in the view of 
disengaging some part of its possessions enclosed in other 
countries (enclaves), as also with reference to its communications 
with Switzerland, having consented, by the Protocol of the 
Congress of Vienna of the 29th of March, 1815 (No. 10), to place 
at the disposal of the said Powers a part of Savoy therein 
specified, intended to be united to Geneva ; and in order to give 
to that Canton a peculiar mark of his good will, having also 
agreed to the Stipulations contained in the 5th and 6th Articles 
of the said Protocol : 

The Four Great Allied Powere,* having subsequently deter- 
jnined, in the Protocol signed by their Ministers Plenipotentiary 
at Paris, the 3rd of November (No. 38), that the part of Savoy 
occupied by France should be restored to His said Majesty, 
with the exception of the Commune of St. Julien, which should 
bo ceded to Geneva ; and having furthermore engaged to use 
their good offices, to induce Ilis Majesty to cede to the Canton 
of Geneva, ChGnc, Thonex, and some other Communes necessary 
to disengage the Swiss territoiy of Jussy, in exchange for the 
retrocession of the Communes of the Litoralo, situated between 
the road of Evian and the Lake, as well as for the removal of 
the Line of Custom-IIouses to a distance of at least a league 
from the Swiss frontier, and l^eyond the mountains mentioned in 
the said Protocol : 

Finally, the said Protocols having settled the general 
measures for extending to a part of Savoy the advantages of the 
perpetual Neutrality of Switzerland : 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia on the one part, wishing to 
give to His Augiist Allies fresh proofs of His sentiments towards 
them, and testimonies of His amicable dispositions towards the 
whole of the Swiss Confederation, and particularly towards the 
Canton of Geneva ; 

And on the other part. His Excellency the Burgomaster, 
President, and the State (council of the Canton of Zurich, the 
Federal Directory, in the name of the Swiss Confederation, 
being anxious to renew with His said Majesty those bonds and 
connections which affect the interests of both countries, and to 
consolidate the relations of good neighbourhood which unite 
them; have resolved to appoint Plenipotentiaries who shall 

* Cf rcat iiritauij Austria, Pruysirt; and Russia. 

\22 



No. 52] SABDINU A5D BWITZEBLAKD. [16 March, 1816. 

[Oenmt, Savoy, Ohablais, and Fauoigny.] 

regulate eveiy thing that may concern the fixing the now limits 
to the territory ceded by the I*rotocol of the 29th of March 
(Mo. 10), (on which subject Confei-ences had already been held at 
Chtoe), as well the Arrangements relative to the new Cessions, 
and removal of the Custom-Houses, as also what concerns the 
Neutrality of ceii;ain parts of Savoy, the regulations of Transit 
and Commerce, and finally, of all that can reciprocally interest 
the two States, and provide for their mutual convenience ; 

For these purposes they have named, viz. : — 

Ilis Majesty the Eang of Sardinia, the Chevalier Louis de 
Moutiglio, His Majesty^s Advocate Fiscal General to the Senate 
of Savoy and the Chevalier Louis Frovana de Collegno, one 
of His Majest/s Councillors, and Commissary General of the 
Frontiers of His States ; 

And on the part of the Swiss Confederation and the Canton 
of (Geneva, M. Charles Pictet de Rochemont, Councillor of State ; 

Who, having exchanged their Full Powers annexed to the 
present Treaty, and having found them in good and due form, 
and taking for the basis of their labours the principle of recip- 
rocal convenience and mutual advantages to the Administration 
of both (Governments ; and being desirous also that His Majesty 
should have a principal Town commodiously situated for the 
Communes remaining to the Province of Carouge, and that he 
should preserve within His own territory easy communications 
between Lower Savoy and Chablab, have agreed to the following 
Terms : — 

Boundaries of Territory ceded hy Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva. 

Abt. L The territory ceded by His Majesty the King of 
Sardinia, to be united to the Canton of Geneva, as well in virtue 
of the Acts of the Congress of Vienna of the 29th of March, 1815 
(No. 10), as pursuant to the provisions of the Protocol of the 
Allied Powers of the 3rd of November (No. 38), following, and to 
the Treaty of this day; is bounded by the Rhone, from the ancient 
frontier near St. George to the confines of the old territory of 
Geneva, to the west of Aire-la-ViUe ; thence by a Une following 
the confines of the said ancient territory as far as the river Lairc, 
reascending that river as far as the road leading from Perri^rc to 
Soral, along the same road up to Soral, which place together 
with the road shall remain entirely on the side of Geneva ; thence 
by a right line drawn to the salient angle of the Commune of 
Bemex to the west of Norcier. From this ailgle the boundary shall 

12a 



16 March, 1816.] SABDINIA AND SWITZEBLAND. [No. 52 

[Oeneva, Savoy, Chablais, and Fanoisny.] 

take the shortest direction to the south angle of the Commune 
of Bernex on the Aire, leaving Norcier and Thurens on the side of 
Savoy : from this point it shall take the shortest line to the Com- 
mune of Compessi^res, along the boundary of this Commune to 
the east of St. Julien as far as the rivulet Arande, which runs 
between Temier and Bardonex ; reascending the same as far as 
the high road from Annecy to Carouge, it shall follow this route 
until it branches off to the road which leads direct to Collonge, at 
155 yards (toises) of Savoy before it reaches the Cross of Roson ; 
it shall meet by this road the rivulet which runs down from the 
village of Archamp, and sliall follow the same until it joins the 
brook which descends from the hamlet of La Combe beyond 
Evordes, leaving however, all the houses in Evordes on the side 
of Geneva ; thence from the nvulet of La Combe it shall take the 
road that runs below Bossey, below Crevin and above Veirier. 

From the intersection of this road to the east, and near 
Veirier, by the one leading from Carouge to Etrembieres the 
limit shall be described by the shortest line to the Arve at two 
taiaes above the water course which supplies the canal of the 
mill of Sierne ; following from thence the Thalweg of that river 
to the mouth of the Foron, and remounting the same to that 
point beyond Cormiere, to be ascertained by the shortest line 
drawn from the junction of the route of Carra with the road, 
which from the north of Publiuge leads to the north of Ville-la» 
Grand, it shall follow the said line, and this last road towards 
the east, giving it to Geneva ; thence it shall follow the road which 
remounts parallel with the Foron, until it comes in contact with 
the territory of Jussy. 

From this point the lino shall resume the ancient limits till it 
meets the road leading from Gy to Fonccnex, and shall follow 
the said road noithward to the extremity of the village of Gy, 
leaving the said roail on the side of Geneva. The boundary 
shall thence be directed in a straight line uj:)on the village of 
Veigi, in such manner as to leave all the houses of the village on 
the side of Savoy; afterwards in a straight line to where the 
Hermance intersects the great road of the Siraplon. 

Finally it shall follow the course of the Ilermancc as far as 
the lake, which shall be the limit of the new territory to the 
north-west, it bemg underetood that the property of one half the 
breadth of the lake from the Hermance to Vezenag is acquired 
by the Canton of Geneva, and that in like manner the portions of 
the course of tlie Rhone which have hitherto formed the 

424 



k 



Ho. 52] SARDINIA AND SWITZERL.IND. [16 March, 1816. 

[Geneva, Savoy, Chablais, and Fauoigny.] 

boundary between the two States shall appertain to His Majesty, 
and that the roads constituting the IxjfoVc-mentioned frontier lino 
of the above Delimitation shall belong to His Majesty, with the 
exceptions already described, and that all the inclosures formed 
by walls or hedges contiguous to the houses of villages or 
hamlets, bordering on the new frontiers shall appertain to that 
State in which the said village or hamlet may be situated ; the 
line marking the confines of the States shall not approach within 
two yards (toises) of such houses or inclosures contiguous thereto, 
and surrounded by walls or hedges. As to the rivers and 
rivulets which, according to tlio alterations of boundaries 
resulting from the present Treaty, are to determine the new 
frontier, the centre of their courses shall form the boundaries ; 
except that of the Foron, which shall entirely appertain to His 
Majesty, and the passage of that river shall not bo subject to 
any duty whatever. 

Mutual Renunciation of Sovereign Rights in Countries ceded. 

Art. II. The Contracting Powers renounce all Sovereign and 
other Rights which may appertain to them in the countries 
reciprocally ceded, namely; Ilis Majesty, in the territory 
situated between the route of Evian, the lake and the river 
Ilermance ; the Swiss Confederation and the Canton of Geneva, 
in that portion of the Commune of St. Julien, where the principal 
Town is situated; the whole conformably to the Delimitation 
fixed by the preceding Article. All the Titles, Registera and 
Documents concerning the Ceded Countries shall be given over 
on both sides as soon as possible. 

Line of Custoni-Houses* in the neighbourhood of Geneva and the 

Lake. 
Art. III. According to the pui-port of the Protocol of the 3rd 
of iVovembor (No. 38), respecting Custom-Ilouscs (reconciUng at 
the same time it« dispositions, as much as possible, with the in- 
terests of His Majesty) the Line of Custom-Houses in the neigh- 
bourhood of Geneva and the Lake, shall proceed from the Rhone 
by Cologny, Valciry, Cheney, Luiset, Chable, Sapey, Viesou, 
Etrembieres, Anncmasse, Villc-la-Grand, along the course of 
the Foron to Machilly, thence by Deuvaine and Colongette as 
far as the Lake, and along the Lake to Meillerie, afterwards 
resuming and continuing the present frontier at the post nearest 
to Sauit Gingoulph ; it Iwing understood that His Majesty shall 

* Sec ulso Article XXI. 
125 



16 March, 1816.] sabddoa and Switzerland. [No. 62 

[Oeneva, Savoy, Ohablais, and Fandsny.] 

be at liberty to make such alterations and dispositions relative to 
the numbers and situations of his Custom-Houses within the 
said line as he may deem most convenient. 

No Custom-House duty can be performed either on the Lake 
or within the space (Zone) which separates the territory of the 
Canton of Geneva from the line above described; it shall, 
nevertheless, be at all times lawful for His Majesty's adminis- 
trative authorities, to take such measures as they may deem 
necessary to prevent any illegal traffic, resulting from depdts 
or the stationing of merchandize, within the said space (Zone). 

The Government of Geneva desiring, on its part, to second 
the views of His Majesty in this respect, will take the necessary 
precautions to prevent smuggling from being encouraged by 
the inhabitants of the Canton. 

Free export of Provisions from Savoy for the City and Canton of 

Oe)ieva. 

Art. IV. Provisions, intended for the supply of the City and 
Canton of Geneva, may at all times be freely exported from the 
Duchy of Savoy, without being subject to any duty whatever ; 
unless His Majesty should judge it expedient in case of famine, 
to forbid, by general measures of administration, the exportation 
of them from his States of Savoy and Piedmont. 

Separate Convention to regulate Duties for maintenance of the Road 

of the Sinyplon, 

Art. V. Merchandise and provisions which, coming from the 
States of nis Majesty, and from the Free Port of Genoa, shall 
traverse the Road called that of the Simplon, through the whole of 
its extent by the Valais and State of Geneva, being exempt from 
transit duties, in virtue of the second Article of the Protocol of the 
Congress of Vienna of the 29th March, 1815 (No. 10), the whole 
of the Duties relative to the maintenance of the Road, as well 
in the Valais, the Chablais, and the Canton of Geneva, as by the 
Road of St. Julien and of Meyrin, under whatever denomina- 
tion they may be described, shall be fixed by a Separate Con- 
vention* in a just proportion with the expenses resulting from 
the local difficulties, and shall not be augmented but by the 
common consent of the respective Governments. 

The said Governments engage not to grant any exemption 
from, or diminution of, those duties, to other Powers, without 

* Protocol of 15tb June, 1816. 
42C 



No. 62] SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[Oeneva, Savoy, Chablals, and Fanoigny.] 

inunediately reuderinfif such exemption or diminution common to 
the Contracting Parties. 

Transit Duties, 

Art. VI. Provisions and merchandise coming from the States 
of His Majesty, which shall bo declared upon their entrance into 
the Valais to be only in transit, shall, nevertheless, pay the same 
dnty as if they were intended to be consumed in the country, 
but the amount of the said duty shall be returned when they 
quit the Valais, upon the identity of the merchandise being 
established, by veiifying the seals, or by the customary marks 
afi^ed to it on its entrance, if more than six weeks shall not 
have elapsed since that period ; and in case of cmy impediment 
preventing it from passing within that time, a longer delay must 
be obtained, which shall be permitted gratuitously. 

The same formalities shall be observed upon entering and 
quitting the Canton of (Geneva. 

The seals or other marks affixed in the Valais to verify the 
identity of the merchandise in transit, shall be recognised and 
admitted in the Canton of Oenevn, and finally the provisions and 
merchandise coming from the Valais by the Chablais, and destined 
for Geneva, which enjoy the same exemptions in the territories of 
nis Majesty, shall be subject to the same formalities. 

The expense of the marks affixed to the merchandize, must 
not exceed the real cost of the lead or other materials, so 
employed. 

Perpetual Neutrality of Chablais^ Fauciyny^ and Teri'itory north 

of Ugine ( Upper Savoy), 

Art. VII. The Protocol of the Congress of Vienna, of the 
20th March, 1815 (No. 10), accepted by the Act of the Diet 
of the Swiss Confederation, dated the 12th of April followiug, 
liaving stipulated as one of the Conditions of the Cession of 
the territory in favour of the Canton of Geneva; "That the 
" Provinces of Chablais, and of Paucigny, with all the terri- 
" tory to the North of Ugine, belonging to His Majesty, should 
'• form part of the Swiss Neutrality, guaranteed by all the 
" Powers," as explained in the first Article of the said Protocol : 

The Federal Directory, having declared, by its Official Note to 
His Majesty's Minister of the 1st of November ; 

*^ That the Swiss Confederation lias accepted the Acts of the 

427 



16 March, 1816.] SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [No. 52 

[Geneva, Savoy, Cbablais, and Faucigny.l 

^' Congress of Vicnua, of the 291h March (No. 10), in theii* 
•' full extent and according to their literal tenour, without any 
" reservation ; so that the difference that may be discovered 
" l)etween the wording of the afore-mentioned Act of the Diet, 
'* and of the Protocol of the Congress, ought by no means to bo 
'* viewed as a restriction, or as a deviation from the precise 
" meaning of the latter,'* and the same Official Note having 
" added ; 

" It results from these explanations, that Switzerland makes 
" no distinction or reserve on the subject of admitting the 
" Provinces of Chablais, of Faucigny, and of the territory north 
" of Ugine, into its system of Neutrality, which may tend to 
" weaken or modify the dispositions expressed in the Acts of 
" the Congress of the 29th March :" 

The Treaty of Paris, of the 20th November, 1815 (No. 40), 
having, in like manner, extended this Neutrality of Switzerland, 
to another part of His Majesty's territory : and finally the Act of 
the same day Acknowledging and Guaranteeing the Perpetual 
Neutrality of Stcitzerland, and the Inviokihilitg of its TerrUory 
(No. 43), containing the following Article : 

" The Powefs acknowledge and guarantee the Neutmlity of 
'* those parts of Savoy, described by the Act of the Congress of 
'« Vienna, of the 29th March, 1815 (No. 10), and by the Treaty 
" of this day, equally with the Neutrality of Switzerland, which 
" shall be enjoyed in the same manner as if they appertained 
" thereto.'* 

These several Declarations and Stipulations, which Switzer- 
land acknowledges and accepts, and to which His Majesty 
accedes in the most formal manner, shall be binding between the 
two States. 

Freedom of Comiiiercial communication. 

Art. VIII. The Commercial communication between the 
Provinces of Savoy across the State of Geneva shall bo all times 
free, with the exception of what regards Police Regulations, 
which shall be equally binding upon the subjects of Ilis Majesty, 
as upon the Gencvese themselves. 

Disposal of Property hy Surdiuianfi in ceded Countries, 

Emignition, 

Art. IX. His Majesty's subjects United to the Canton of 
Geneva, shall at all times be at liberty to dispose of the Proj>erty 

r2« 



No. 521 SARDINIA ANJ) SWirZKHLANO. (16 MJVCh, 1816. 

[Qeneva, Savoy, Chablais, and Fauoigmy.] 

they may possess in the said Canton, and to withdraw 1 herefrom 
into whatever country they may pi*efer. 

Riffhts of Sardinian a to be reapectetL 

Akt. X. The rights acquired by llis Majesty's subjects, in 
virtue of the laws in force at tlie time of the transfer of the 
territory, shall be respected by the new Legislation, and the 
Acts and Contracts existing, as well as the Judgments passed 
according to the said Laws, shall not be contested except by public 
proceedings in virtue of those laws, unless in anything which 
concerns the competency of, and the forms of procedure estab- 
lished for, the Genevese Tribunals. 

Dispositions in favour of Territory ceded, 

Aia. XL The dispositions of the Protocol of Vienna of the 
29th March, 1815 (No. 10), in favour of the tenitory exuded by 
His Majesty to be united to the State of Geneva, shall also 
apply to the territory, the projxjrty of which shall be acquired 
by the said State, conformably to the Protocol of the 3rd of 
November following (No. 38), and to the Delimitation fixed by 
the Treaty of this day. 

Maintenance of Catholic lieHgion in ceded Stateif, 

Akt. XIL With regaid to all the objects to which it was 
foreseen, in the Protocol of Vienna of the 29th March, 1815 
(No. 10), that the future laws of the Constitution of Geneva 
would not be applicable ; and considering that the said Protocol 
has directed, by the lirst clause of xVvticlo IIL, "' that tlie 
" Catholic Religion shall be maintained and protected in the same 
" manner as at present in all those Communes ceded by His 
" Majesty the King of Sartlinia, which are to be united to the 
" Canton of Geneva" ; it is agreed that the Laws and Customs 
in force on Uic 29th March, 1815, relative to the Catholic 
Religion, shall be maintained throughout the whole of the cedeil 
territor}^ unless they shall be otherwise regulated by the authority 
of the Holy See. 

In execution of the Gtli clause of the said Article IIL, 
which has directed that the Curate of the Catholic Church of 
Geneva shall be properly lodgeil and paid, this object is regulated 
conformably to the stipulation contained in the Private Act of 
this day's date. 

129 



16 March, 1816.] SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [No. 62 

[Geneva, Savoy, Ohablais, and Fauoiemy.] 

Maintenance of Charitable Establishments and Public Instruction 

in ceded States. 

Art. XIII. The Government of Geneva, wishmg to show the 
sentiments by which it is animated towards the inhabitants of the 
ceded Communes, and its desire to make a snitable provision for 
Charitable Establishments and those for Public Instruction, agrees 
that the part yet unpaid of the price of the property belonging to 
the said Communes, which was sold under the French Administra- 
tion, and the funds and securities obtained under that head by 
the said Communes, shall be received by them and employed for 
their advantage ; that the existing Establishments of Charity and 
Public Instruction shall preserve the funds and advantages which 
they then possessed; and finally, it will provide that those 
establishments shall not be injured in any respect by the present 
cession of territory. 

Landed Proprietors on Frontiers, 

Art. XIV. The Landed Proprietors whose estates may be in- 
tersected by the present Deh'mitation, in such manner as to leave 
their habitations or out-houses in one Stato and their grounds in 
the other, shall enjoy the liberty of cultivating their grounds the 
same as if the whole estate were united in one Territory. They 
shall not be subject, in consequence of such estates, to greater 
charges than if they belonged to the State in which the same are 
situated ; and the principle of the two Governments shall be 
specially to protect Ihe said Proprietors, and perfectly to accord 
in measures of safety and police. 

Land Tax on Estates. 

Art. XV. The Land Tax on the Estates called those of the Old 
Survey shall not exceed the rate it bore on the 29th of March, 
1815, whilst they shall remain in the hands of the Genevesc, 
and the landed property actually belon^ng to the Genevesc on 
the mountain's side, north of Salevc, between Veirier and the 
western boundary of the Commune of Colonge, with Archamps 
and the pastures dependent thereon, may at all times be sold to 
Genevese subjects. 

Water Rights of Oetievese Proprietors. 

The Genevese Proprietors of the low grounds of Sal^ve, 
whether bordering upon Savoy or Geneva, who enjoy the benefits 

430 



No. 62] SARDINIA AND SWITZJEBLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[Oenera, Savoy, Ohablais, and Fauoiflmy.] 

derived from the waters which fall from the adjacent mountain, 
and who, according to the dispositions of the general constitu- 
tions, require a grant from His Majesty ta preserve to them the 
enjoyment of those benefits, shall be treated with regard thereto, 
as if they were His Majesty's subjects, exceptmg only the Droits 
dea Tiers. 

Abolition of Succession Duties, 

Art. XVl. All Droits d'Aubaine^ de DStradionj and others of 
the same nature relative to Inheritances, which may be in force 
in the States of His Majesty with regard to the Swiss Cantons, 
and vice versd^ shall be abolished from the date of the exchange 
of the Ratifications of the present Treaty. 

Swiss Proprietors on Frontiers of Piedmont. 

Art. XVII. The Swiss Proprietors of landed property situated 
within less than two miles of the frontiers of Piedmont, fixed by 
the present Treaty, and the titles of which are anterior to the 
drd of November, 1815, shall not be disturbed on account of the 
dispositions with regard thereto, contained in the (General Regula- 
tions of His Majesty ; they being required, however, to conform 
to the said Regulations whenever the afore-mentioned property 
shall be transferred othci'wise than by succession. 

Payment of Contributions. 

Art. XVIII. The Contributions from the territories respectively 
ceded, shall appertain to the State who is to possess them, from 
the 1st of April next ; the account thereof to bo made up and 
the amount paid within a month after the transfer of the territory, 
deducting the cxpenses_]of their administration up to the time of 
the said transfer. 

Public Debts of ceded Territory. 

Art. XIX. The Public Debts of the tenitory ceded to Geneva 
by the present Treaty, for which, according to Articles XXI., 
XXVI., and XXX. of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 
1814 (No. 1), and of the 20th November, 1815 (No. 40), His 
Majesty's Government is responsible, shall be transferred to the 
Genevese Government from the 1st of April next. 

431 



16 March, 1816.) SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [No. 62 

[GtonoTa, Savoy, Oliablaifl, and Faucisny.] 

Liqnidiiflon of Debts of Dtpartmeut of the Lancn\, % 

Art, XX. Ilis Majesty shall appoint two Commissioners who 
shall regulate and complete, with the least possible delay, in 
conjunction with two other Commissioners to be appointed by the 
Canton of Geneva, the liquidation of Debts owing to or by the 
ancient department of the Leman, as well as those connected 
with the relations which have existed between the two States. 

Good Offices of French Goveimment, 

The French Government shall be invited to interpose in this 
liquidation for the general interests of the said department. 

Restoration of Title Deeds^ j-c. 

The Titles, Registers, and other Documents of the former 
Executive and Judicial Authorities, and of the different Adminis- 
trations of the said department, dei)08ited at Geneva, which 
concern the inhabitants and Communes of His Majesty's teiritory, 
shall be restored to the two Royal Commissioners; and His 
Majesty agrees that all the Documents which relate to the whole 
department, or the ancient Arrondissement of the Sub-Prefecture 
of Geneva, shall, after an inventory has been made of the same, 
remain during five years, to commence from this day, in the said 
City, in the custody of two responsible Depositaries, one of them 
to be appointed by His Majesty, and the other by the Gcnevesc 
Government ; at the expiration of which tenii the two Govern- 
ments shall concert together respecting the expediency of con- 
tinuing, modifying, or suppressing, that establishment. 

His Majesty's subjects shall have free access to these 
Deposits, and copies of Documents when demanded, or when it 
may be necessary to produce them before the Tribunals and other 
Royal Authorities, shall be delivered and regularly certified by 
the King's Depositary, alone, who shall receive the incidental 
fees on Ilis Majesty's account. 

Pai/rnent to be mm.Ie btj Ctintvn of Gtncva foirards ntw Custom- 

I I onsen 

Art. XXI. The C8^ablishmeut of Custom-IIouses on the new 
line occasioning considerable exixjiise to Ilis Majesty, and the 
Delimitation fixed by Article I. requiring fresh constnictions 
or improvements, on several points of the road of communication 
between Lower Savoy and the Chablais, tie Canton of Geneva 

432 



No. 52] SAKDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[Oeneva, Savoy, Ohablais, and Fauoiflrny.] 

shall place the sum of 100,000 Piedmontesc livres at Ilis Majesty's 
disposal, which sum shall be payable at Saint Julien within six 
months after the signature of the present Treaty. 

Appointment of Boundary Comnmsioners, 

Art. XXII. Two Commissioners shall bo immediately ap* 
pointed, one by Ills Sardinian Majesty, and the other by the 
Swiss Confederation and the Canton of Geneva, to proceed to the 
afore-mentioned Delimitation, in such manner as to complete it 
before the exchange of the Ratifications. The Commissioners shall 
draw up a Prods- Verbal of their proceedings, joining thereto a 
topographical Plan of the whole of the Limits, wherein the several 
Commimes shall be described, which Plan shall be signed by them. 
The said document shall be signed in triplicate, and shall be 
annexed to the present Treaty. 

Fonner Treaties renewed. 

Art. XXIII. The dispositions of fonner Treaties, and 
especially of that of the 3rd of June, 1754,* which are not ex- 
pressly affected by the present Treaty, arc hereby confirmed. 

Ratijicatiofis. 

Art. XXIV. The present Treaty shall be ratified by His 
Majesty, the Swiss Confederation, and the Canton of Geneva, 
and the Ratifications shall be exchanged within the space of 
three months, or sooner if possible. 

Immediately after the exchange of the Ratifications, the 
transfer of the territories shall reciprocally take place. 

In testimony whereof the Plenipotentiaries have hereunto 
aflixed their Signatures and the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Turin, the IGth day of March, in the year of our 
Lord, 1816. 

(L.S.) MONTIGLIO. 
(L. S.) PROVANA DI COLLEGNO. 
(L. S.) C. PICTET DE ROCHEMONT, 

Councillor of State. 

• Seo Appendix. 



433 2 V 



14 April, 1816.] AUSTBIA AND BAVARIA. [Ho. 53 

[Territorial.] 

Those parts of the Baliwicka of Waging, Sittmaniug, Teisen- 
(lorf and Laufen, situated on the left bank of the Salza cmd the 
Saal, are excepted from the present Retrocession. 

These districts with their appurtenances and dependencies 
shall continue to belong to the Crown of Bavaria, in full Property 
and Sovereignty. 

Cessions hy Austria to Bavaina on the Left and Right Banks of the 
Rhine^ in exchange for Bavarian Retrocessions, 

Abt. II. In return for these concessions, His Majesty the 
Emperor of Austria, for Himself, His Heirs and Successors, ^ves 
up to His Majesty the King of Bavaria, His Heirs and Successors, 
in full Property and Sovereignty : — 

A. On the Left bank of the Rhine. 

In the Department of Mount Tonnerre : 

1st. The Arrondissements of Deux-Ponts, Kaiserlaut^n and 
Spire, excepting from the latter the Cantons of Worms and 
Pfeddersheim. 

2nd. The Canton of Kirchen-Poland in the Arrondissement 
of Alzey. 

In the Department of the Saar :* 

8rd. The Cantons of Waldmohr, Bliescastel, and Coussel : 
excepting from this last, certain places on the roltd from Saint 
Wendel to Baumholder, for which a compensation shall be made 
by a territorial arrangement to be regulated in concert with the 
Plenipotentiaries of the Allied Powers at Frankfort, f 

• Fortress of Landau^ ^c. 

In the Department of the Lower Rhine : 

4th. The Canton, with the City and Fortress of Landau, this 
last as a Fortress of the Confederation, f conformably to the 
arrangements of the 3rd of November, 1815 (No. 38). 

5th. The Cantons of Bcrgawibem, Langenkandel, and every 
other part of the Department of the Lower Rhine, ceded by 
France on the left bank of the Lauter, by the Treaty of Paris of 
the 20th of November, 1815 (No. 40). 

These countries shall be possessed by His Majesty the King 
of Bavaria, without other charges or mortgages than those which 
existed during the Austrian Administration. 

• See ConTontions between Austria and Prussia of Ist July, 1816 j 30th 
September, 1818; 80th January, 1844; and 16th December, 1850. 
t See General Treaty of 20th July, 1819, Art. HI. 

436 



f 
^ 



\ 



Ho. 53] AUSTRIA AND BAVAEIA. [U April, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 

B. On the right of the Rhine. 

Ist. The former Fuldois Bailiwicks of Hammelburg with 
Tulba and Salek, Briickenau with Motten, that of Weyhers, — with 
the exception of the villages of Melters and Ilattenrodt; as 
well as that part of the Bailiwick of Bieberstein, which includes 
the villages of Batten, Brand, Dietges, Findlos, Liebhardt, 
Melperz, Obcrbemhardt, with Steinbach, Saifferz and Thaidcn; 
the whole of these districts to be given up in the state they were 
possessed by His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty. 

2nd. The Austrian Bailiwick of Redwitz enclosed (enclave) in 
the Bavarian States. 

Engagement of Austria to obtain for Bavaria cessions from Hesse" 

Dai*mstadt and Baden. 

Art. III. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria engages for 
Himself, in concert with His High Allies, to employ His most 
earnest intervention, and to use His utmost endeavours to procure 
for His Majesty the King of Bavaria : 

On the part of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, 
the pure, simple, and unlimited cession of the Bailiwicks of 
Alzenau, Miltenberg, Amorbach, and Heubach.* 

On the part of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Baden, 
a part of the Bailiwick of Wertheim, according to the arrangements 
made at Paris on the 3rd of November, 1815 (No. 38). 

Indemnification by Austria to Bavaria for relinquishment of 

principle of contiguity. 

Art. IV. The contiguity of the acquisitions made by Bavaria 
in exchange for the afore-mentioned retrocessions, being a stipu- 
lation of the Treaty of Ried,t His Majesty the Emperor of 
Austria recognizes the right of His Majesty the King of Bavaria 
to an indemnification on His relinquishment of the principle of 
contiguity. 

This indemnification shall be fixed at Frankfort, at the same 
time and in the same manner as the other Territorial AiTange- 
ments of Germany. $ 

To this effect His Majesty the Emperor of Austria engages to 
give His Majesty the King of Bavaria a compensation, which 
has been agreed upon between them, until the final result of the 

• See Treaty between Austria, Prussia, &c., of 30th Juno, 1816, Art. Ill, 
t Preliminary Treaty of Alliance between Austria and Bararia of 8th 
October, 1813, Art. IV. Sec Appendix. 
X See Qeneral Treaty, 2Cth July, 1819. 

437 



14 April, 1816 J AUSTEIA AND BAVARIA. [No. 63 

[Territorial.] 

negociations at Frankfort, and until His Majesty shall have 
received the indemnification for His relinquishment of the principle 
of contiguity. 

Military Road between the Possessions of Bavaria on the Mayne and 

the Left Bank of the Rhine. 

Abt. V. A direct communication shall be established between 
the possessions of His Majesty the King of Bavaria on the 
Mayne and those on the left bank of the Rhine, which shall be 
regulated in concert with the parties interested. 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Baden shall be 
invited to enter into the necessary arrangements for the said 
Military Road through his States. 

Portion of French contribution to be given to Bavaria, 

Art, VI. His Majesty the King of Bavaria shall obtain the 
sum of 15,000,000 francs from the French contribution, for re- 
inforcing the Defensive System of Germany, in virtue of the 
distribution made at Paris, the Srd of November, 1815 (No. 38). 

Supply of Salt to Bavaria^ free from all cohort and transit Duties* 

Art. VII. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, for Himself, 
His Heirs and Successors, engages that His Majesty the King 
of Bavaria, His Heirs and Successors, shall be furnished annually 
with a quantity of Salt, not exceeding 200,000 quintals, at the 
price it costs manufacturing, including the expense of packing, 
which price shall be regulated between the High Contracting 
Powers every ten years, by the scale of tlie real average cost of 
manufacturing it during the preceding 10 years, which average 
cost shall regulate the price for the ensuing 10 years. 

This Salt, which may not in any case, nor in any manner be 
sold in the States of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, 
shall be free from all exportation and transit duties, and all others 
whatsoever. 

Free i^assage and transit of Salt through Bavarian States from the 

Tyrol to Bregenz. 
Art. VIII. His Majesty the King of Bavaria, for Himself, 
His Heirs and Successors, engages to grant free passage and 
transit for Salt and Grain on the road which leads through 
His States from the Tyrol to Bregenz. 

To prevent this free transit from becoming detrimental to the 
commerce, or the temtorial rights and Sovereignty of Bavaria, 

438 



Ho. 63] AUSTRIA AND BAVARIA. [14 April, 1816. 

[TerritoriaL] 

the Commission which shall be appointed, in execution of 
Article XX. of the present Treaty shall regulate the forms and 
precautions necessary to preclude every kind of fraud with regard 
thereto. 

Narigatxon of Rivers. 

Art. IX. The Stipulations of the Ti^eaty of Teschen,* which 
relate to the Navigation of the Rivers which traverse the States 
of the two Sovereigns, or form the boundaries thereof, shall 
be maintained on both sides until the general Principles agreed 
upon by the Congress of Vienna (No. 11), can be made applic- 
able thereto. 

The Salza and the Saale, 

These stipulationB shall be extended to the Salza and the 
Saale, as far as these Rivers separate the two countries. 

Payment of Debts secured by Mortgages upon Countries respectively 

ceded. Payment of Pensions^ j-c. 

Abt. X. The Debts secured by mortgages upon the countries 
respectively ceded by the present Treaty, shall be regulated as 
well by the dates of the periods in which they were contracted 
as by the dates of the Protocols of Vienna, of Paris, and of every 
other Official Act which establishes the right of cession on either 
part, so that all the debts contracted prior to the dates of the 
said Acts shall fall to the lot of the new, and all those subse- 
quently contracted shall remain at the charge of the former 
possessor. 

To define more clearly the application of this stipulation, the 
following dates are agreed upon : — 

1st. The 2drd of April, 1815, for those parts of the Uaus- 
ruckviertel and the Innviertel, with the part of Salzburg, the 
cession of which was on that day agreed to at Vienna. 

2nd. The 24th of January, 1816, for that part of Salzburg not 
included in the cession previous to the 23rd of April. 

3rd. Finally the other cessions on the right and left of the 
Rhine, agreed upon at Vienna the 23rd of April, and at Paris the 
3rd of November, 1815 (No. 38), shall be regulated according 
to those two dates. 

The Pensions, half-pay, and appointments, proceeding from 
the Administration of the respective countries, shall remain at 
the charge of the new possessor. 

• 13th May, 1779. See Appendix. 
439 



14 April, 1816.] AUSTRIA AND BAVARU. [No. 53 

[TerrltoriaL] 

Sale or alienation of Domains, 

Art. XI. Every sale of Domains or alienation whatsoever 
which may have been made in the countries ceded on either side 
by the present Treaty, previous to the periods fixed in the pre- 
ceding Article, shall be valid ; and, on the other liand, all those 
made subsequent to those periods shall be deemed null and void. 
In case, however, that it should be impossible to revoke an 
alienation, without detriment to the interests of private pur- 
chasers who have paid for and are legally entitled thereto, the 
High Contracting Parties engage to be reciprocally accountable 
for the proceeds of such alienation. 

Deliveiy of all Archives^ Maps^ Plans^ and Documents, 

Abt. XII. All Archives, Maps, Plans, and Documents what- 
soever, appertaining to the countries respectively ceded and 
exchanged, or regarding their Administration, shall be faithfully 
delivered up at the same time as the territories, or if it cannot 
then take place, within three months at farthest after the actual 
transfer of the territory. 

Maintenance of Conventions abolishing the Succession Duties (Droit 

cCAuhaine), 

Art. XIII. The Conventions existing between the two States 
for abolishing the Droit cTAubaine are maintained and extended 
to all the respective possessions. 

Military/ to be placed at disposal of respective Sovei^eigns, Officers 
and Soldiers may remain in sei^ice of eithei* State, 

Art. XIV. The Military, natives of the ceded countries, or of 
other territories, which, in virtue of the present Treaty, shall 
pass under the dominion of either Power, shall in the space of a 
year from the date of the day of its ratification, be placed at the 
disposal of their respective Sovereigns. 

It is nevertheless agreed that the OflBcers or Soldiers who 
may wish to remain in the service of either State, shall be at 
liberty to do so without being molested in any manner. 

Free enjoyment by Individuals and Eeligious foundations of their real 
and personal Property. Liberty to Emigrate, 

Art. XV. Individuals of every class, as well as all public 
establishments whatsoever, and religious foundations of every 

440 



No. 53] AUSTRIA AND BAVAEU. [U April, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 

kind, shall have the free enjoyment, without any exception or 
difficulty, of their real and personal property, situated or placed 
und^r the dominion of either of the High Contracting Parties. 

Families or individuals who may wish to emigrate shall bo at 
liberty so to do, and shall be allowed the term of G years to 
dispose of their property and export the proceeds, without their 
paying any duty or being subject to any deduction whatsoever. 

Possession of all ceded Places^ Fortresses^ CiiieSy and Territories. 

Art. XVI. The High Contracting Parties shall simultaneously 
enter into possession of all the places. Fortresses, cities, and 
territories which devolve to them by the present Treaty, on the 
1st of May of the present year. 

Withdrawal by Bavaria of Artillery and Militai^ Stores at 

Salzburg. 

Art. XVII. The Bavarian Govcnmient shall have the right of 
withdrawing all the artillery and military stores which it fur- 
nished for the establishment of Salzburg, within three months 
from the date of the ratification of the present Treaty. 

Sale by Bavaria of their Magazines of Salt^ Mineral Productions^ 

^•c, or their free export. 

Art. XVIII. A tenn of 8 months from the date of the 
ratification of the present Treaty shall be also reserved, during 
which the Bavarian Government, after the Ratification made by 
the Commission described in Article XX., may sell the magazines 
of Salt, mineral productions, works of every description (fabri- 
cations de ses usines)^ and other stores whatsoever, or may export 
the same free from evciy kind of duty, toll, or deduction. 

Commission to settle Boundcwy sejyarating the Country of Salzburg 
from that of Berchtoldsgaben^ and from the Bailiwick of Reichen- 
hall. 

Art. XIX. The ancient boundaries which separate the Country 
of Salzburg from that of Berchtoldsgaben (which last remains to 
the crown of Bavaria), and from the Bailiwick of Reichenhall, 
having several disputable points, the High Contracting Parties 
have agreed that, as soon as the season will permit, a Mixed 

111 



14 April, 1816.] AUSTBIA AND BAVAKIA. [Ho. 58 

[Territorial. 

CommiBBion shall be sent to these points to settle the same 
definitely, in such a manner as to remove the cause of every 
future contention.* 

Special Commission of Claims, 

Art. XX. Furthermore a special Commission shall be imme- 
diately appointed, composed of an equal number of individuals 
on both sides, who shall be charged with the liquidation, and 
wkth all the arrangements relative to the Claims that may arise 
out of the respective transfer. 

This Commission shall meet at Salzburg, and its labours ter« 
minate in the space of 6 months. 

Comvussion to regulate all ancient Grants and clearing of the Forests 

of the Valletf of the Saale, 

Abt. XXI. All that concerns the ancient grants and clearing 
of the Forests of the valley of the Saale, appropriated from time 
immemorial to the supply of the works ( Usines) of Reichenhall, 
shall be regulated by the Commission named in Article XX. of 
the present Treaty. It shall fix this arrangement upon the basis 
of the transactions between the Bavarian Government and the 
Princes Archbishops of Salzburg, ha\'ing nevertheless regard to 
the ixjciprocal necessities of the two States. 

Jlight of Bavaria to transport and foot all Wood cut in Valley of the 

Upper Saale, 

Art. XXII. The Bavarian Government shall have the right to 
tituisport and float all the stock of Wood cut during the last year 
in the Valley of the Upper Saale, for the supply of its works 
( Usincs\ without its being subject to any duties or other charges ; 
Iho quantity and quality of this wood shall be attested by the 
Commission to bo appointed conformably to AiUclo XX. 

Ilcnumiations hj Austria and Bavana^ respectively^ of all Rights 

and Claims over ceded States^ tj-c. 

AuT. XXIII. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria renounces 
for Uimself , Ilis Heirs and Successors, all rights and claims over 
the States, lands, domsdns and possessions, appertaining, in virtue 
of the present Treaty, to His Majesty the King of Bavaria. 

♦ See Convention of 80th September, 1818. 

442 






MAP 

— ' ^ 

TYROL & VORARLBERG 



No. 63] AUSTRIA AND BAVARIA. [14 April, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 

And His Majesty the King of Bavaria renounces for Himself, 
His Heirs and Successors, all rights and claims over the States, 
lands, domains and possessions, appertaining, in vii*tue of the 
present Treaty, to His Majesty the Emperor of Austria. 

Poitiom of Territory exchanged and guaranteed to jyass to new 

Possessors, 

AuT. XXIV. The portions of territory exchanged and guaran- 
teed by this Treaty shall pass to their new possessors, with all 
their revenues and receipts, from the day of taking possession. 

Guarantee by Austria to Bavaria of the free and peaceable enjoyment 
and Sovereignty of all States^ ^c, in his possession. Courts of 
St, Petersburg^ London^ and Berlin to be invited to grant similar 
guarantee. 

Art. XXV. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria guarantees 
to His Majesty the King of Bavaria the free and peaceable 
enjoyment, as well as the full and entire Sovereignty of all the 
States, cities, fortresses and domains which are at present in His 
possession, and which will devolve to him in virtue of the 
present Treaty. 

The two High Contracting Parties will invite the Allied 
Courts of Petersburg, London, and Berlin, to grant a similar 
guarantee and to accede to the present transaction. 

Ratifications. 

Art. XXVI. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
ratifications exchanged at Munich, within the space of 15 days, 
or sooner if possible. 

In testimony whereof,, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
hereunto aflixed their Hands and Seals. 

Done at Munich, the 14th of April in the year of our Lord, 
1816. 

(L. S.) LE BARON DE WACQUANT GEOZELLES. 
(L. S.) LE COMTE DE MONTGELAS. 
(L. S.) LE COMTE DE RECHBERG. 



443 



15 June, 1816.] PBUSSU, Ac. (jf o, 54 

[ Schwartiborff-Sondersliansen.] 



No. 5^— TERRITORIAL TREATY between Phusia and 
Schwarizburg-Sondershausen. Signed at Berlin^ 15/A 
June, 1816. 



Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Rcferenee to Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1816. 

1. BcniinciationB on iho part of Schwartzburg- Sender Aausen, 

2. Renunciations on the part of Prussia, 

3. Beciprocal Execution. 

4. Debts. Corporations. 

5. Civil Oiliccrs. Civil and Military Pensioners. 

6. Arrears. 

7. Military Arrangements. 

8. Free Transit. 

9. Bight of Reversion. 

10. Consent to the Treaty with Schwartzburg-Rudolstadi of 19th June, 1816. 

11. Ratifications. 

SeparcUe Articles, 

1. Feudal Expectations. 

2. Jurisdiction. Constitutional Bights. 

(Ti-anslation.*) 
Reference to Vienna Congress Treaty of^dth June^ 1815. 

IDs Majesty the King of Prussia, who, in consequence of 
Articles XV., XVIII., and CXVIII. of the Act concluded at the 
Congress of Vienna (No. 27), has acquired all those rights which 
until then belonged to the Crown of Saxony against the Princely 
House of Schwartzburg and its possessions, and His Serene 
Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg-Sondershausen, on both 
sides inclined to arrange their affairs more simply and definitively 
than heretofore, have for this purpose appointed Plenipotentiaries, 
namely : 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, Ilerr Johann Ludwig von 
Jordan, &c., &c., and Ilerr Johann Gottfried HolTmann, &c., &c. ; 

And His SeR»ne Highness the Prince of Schwartzbiu-g-Sondera- 
hausen, Ludwig Wilhelm Adolph von Weise, &c., &c., and Car! 
Friedrich Wilhelm von Weise, &c., &c., who, after exchanging 
their Full Powers, found in good form, have agreed upon the 
foUowuig Articles. 

llennnciations on the Part of Schtcartzhurg-Sondershansen, 
Art. I. His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg- 

• For German version, see " State Papers," vol. iii., j>. 832. 



No. 54] PRUSSIA, &c. [15 June, 1816. 

[Sohwartaborff-Sondershausen. ] 

Sondershausen renounces for ever in favour of His Majesty the 
King of Prussia : 

1. Ail feudal rights and revenues which he has hitherto 
possessed, levied, or otherwise asserted alone or jointly within 
the compass of the Prussian State, as it will be bounded after 
the conclusion of the present Treaty ; as well as all Claims which 
he may have on the Salt Springs at Artern. The Private Property 
in woods, meadows, and other lands which His Serene Highuess 
the Prince of Schwartzburg-Sondershausen possesses in various 
places of the Prussian States is not, however, ceded hereby, but 
remains the Property of the Prince under Prussian Sovereignty, 
with exemption from ordinary land taxes, so far as that has 
hithei-to been the case. 

2. The Sovereignty and all the Bights and Eevenues dependent 
thereon in the Bailiwick of Bodungen, the jurisdictions of AUers- 
berg and Hainroden, and the district of Utlerode ; the Cameral 
Property and Forests in the Bailiwick of Bodungen are not 
included in this Benunciation, but with the domanial rights and 
emoluments dependent thereon will be possessed by His Serene 
Highness under Pnissian Sovereignty, and with the attributes 
which as a rule, appertain to the most privileged allodial knightly 
estates in the Prussian part of the County of Hohenstein, they 
also specially retain their exemption from ordinary land taxes to 
the same extent as has hitherto been the case. 

8. The district of Bruchstiidt, with all sovereign proprietary 
and other Rights. 

4. All Bights and Revenues belonging to him in the district 
of Bothenheiligen and its appurtenances. 

His Majesty the Kuig of Pnissia will possess for himself and 
his successors all the Rights and Revenues hereby renounced in 
his favour, with the same Privileges and obligations as they arc 
now in possession of IDs Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartz- 
burg-Sondershausen, and the Rights of the House of Stollbcrg 
especially cannot and shall not be withdrawn hereby. 

Renunciations on the part of Prussia, 

Art. II. His Majesty the King of Prussia, on the other hand, 
Renounces in favour of His Serene Highness the Prince of 
Schwartzburg-Sondershausen. 

1. All Sovereign, Supreme, and Feudal Rights and Revenues 
which he has hitherto possessed, levied, or otherwise asserted 
over the Bailiwick of Ebeleben, but with exception of the district 

445 



15 Jane, 1816.] Prussia, &c. [Ho. 64 

[8ohwart«lmrg^SonderBh>n»en.) 

of Bothenheiligeu and its appurtenances, the so-called Recess 
royalties {Recess-herrschaften)^ the Wood called Stockei belong- 
ing to the community of Wiedermut, and generally in the 
compass of His Serene Ilighness's Territory as it will be bounded 
after the conclusion of this Treaty ; the Becess moneys {Recess^ 
gelder) and the hunting m the Stockei are specially included herein. 

2. All the Sovereign, Feudal, and Proprietary Rights which he 
possesses in the districts of Gross-Purra and Bendeleben. 

3. The Property and the Revenues of the Estate situated in 
the Schwartzburg village of Alkersleben, and belonging to the 
Erfurt Domain Administration, the possession and incomes c^ the 
former Provostship of Gellingen, situated within the Sonders- 
hausen Boundaries, also those Incomes and Revenues which his 
collecting office at Nordhausen, the chapter, and the Frauenberg 
at the same place levy in those districts which, after the conclusion 
of this Treaty, will bo under the Sovereignty of His Serene 
nighness. The Tax exemption of the Princely domain at Oerterode 
shall also be re-established as it was befoi^e the Peace of Tilsit. 

His Serene Highness the Prince of Sdiwartzburg-Sonders- 
hausen will possess for himself and his successors all Rights and 
Revenues hereby renounced in his favour, with the same privileges 
and obligations, as they are now in possession of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia, and the Rights of the House of StoUberg 
especially cannot and shall not be withdrawn hereby. 

Art. III. Reciprocal Execution, 

Art. IV. Debts. Coi-poratiom. 

Art. V. Civil Officers. Civil and Military Pensioners. 

Art. VI. Arrears. 

Art. VII. Military AiraJigements. 

Art. VIII. Free Transit. 

Art. IX. Right of Reversion, 

Art. X. Consent to the Treaty with Schwartzbvrg'Rvdolstadt of 
I9th June, 1816 (No. 55). 

Art. XI, Ratifications. 

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries on both sides have 
signed the present State Treaty and scaled it with their aims. 
Berlin, 15tli June, 1816. 

(L.S.) JOIIANN LUDWIG VON JORDAN. 

(L.S.) JOHANN GOTTFRIED HOFFMANN. 

(L.S.) LUDWIG WILHELM ADOLPH VON WEISE. 

(L.S.) CARL FRIEDRICH WILHELM VON WEISE. 

446 



No, M] PRUSSIA, &r. [16 June, 1816. 

[Sohwinrtelmrff-SondersliauAen. ] 

Separate Articles. 

Art. I. Feudal Expectations. 

Art. II. Jurisdiction. Constitutional Rights. 

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries on both sides have 
signed the Separate Articles and sealed them with their arms. 
Berlin, 15th June, 181G. 

(L.S.) JOHANN LUDWia VON JORDAN. 

(L.S.) JOHANN GOTTFRIED HOFFMANN. 

(L.S.) LUDWIG WILIIELM ADOLPH VON WEISE. 

(L.S.) CARL FRIEDRICH WILHELM VON WEISE. 



447 



19 June, 1816.J PRUSSIA, &c. [No. 65 

Bohwartaburff-BudoUtadt.] 



No. 55— TERRITORIAL TREATY between Prmria and 
Schwartzburff'Rudobiadi. Signed at Berlin^ 19th Jtme, 
1816. 



Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Reference to Vienna Congress Treotj of 9th June, 1815. 

1. Renunciations on the part of Schwartzhurg-MudoUtadi, 

2. Renunciations on the part of Pnttsia. 

3. Reciprocal Execution. 

4. Debts. Corporations. 

5. Ciyil Officers. 

6. Arrears. 

7. Military Arrangements. 

8. Free Transit. 

9. Right of Rercrsion. 

10. Consent to the Treaty with Schwartzburg-Sondcrshauscn of 15th June, 

1816. 

11. Ratificationsk 

(Translation.*) 

Reference to Vienna Congress Treaty ofWi June^ 1815. 

His Majesty the King of Pnissia, who, in consequence of 
Articles XV., XVIIL, and CXVIII. of the Act concluded at the 
Congress at Vienna (No. 27), has acquired all those rights which 
until then belonged to the Crown of Saxony against the Princely 
House of Schwartzburg and its possessions, and His Serene 
Highness the Piince of Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt, on both sides 
inclined to arrange their relations more simply and definitively 
than heretofore, have for this purpose appointed Plenipotentiaries, 
namely : 

His Majesty the King of Pmssia, Herr Johann Ludwig von 
Jordan, Actual Privy Councillor of Legation, Departmental Chief, 
and Knight of several Orders, and Herr Johann Gottfried Hoff- 
mann, Privy Councillor of Legation, and Knight of several Orders; 

And His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg-Rudol- 
stadt, the Baron von Ketelhodt, Chancellor and Consistorial 
President, Grand Cross of the Gmnd Ducal Baden Order of 
Fidelity ; 

Who, after the exchange of their Full Powers, found in good 
form, have agreed upon the following Articles. 

• For German version, see " State Papers," toI. iii., p. 837. 

448 



No. 55] PRUSSU, &c. LIO Jiina, 1816. 

[Sohwartsburff-BodoUtadt.] 

denunciations on the part of Schioartzburg-Eudolstadt, 

Art. I. His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg- 
Rudolstadt renounces for ever in favour of His Majesty the King 
of Prussia : 

1. All Feudal Rights and Revenues which he has hitherto 
possessed, levied, or otherwise asserted alone or jointly within 
the circuit of the Prussian State, as it will be bounded after the 
conclusion of the present Treaty ; and all Claims which he may 
have on the Salt Springs at Artem, and those contributions 
in money and kind which his chamber has hitherto drawn from 
the Bailiwicks of Sachsenburg, Artem, Sangerhausen, and Rossla. 
The Private Property in woods, meadows, and other lands which 
His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt 
possesses in various places of the Piiissian States, e.g,^ at 
Uftrungen, Breitungen, Etzleben, or other places, is not, how- 
ever, ceded hereby, but remains the Prince's property under 
Prussian Sovereignty, with exemption from land taxes, so far as 
that has been the case hitherto^ 

2. The districts of Wohlkramshausen, with all Sovereign, 
Proprietary, and other Rights. The meadows situated in the 
Wohlkramshausen plain, belonging to the Princely seat of Straus- 
berg, are Private Property, to which the stipulations in sec. 1 
of this Article apply. The seat of Kirchberg, situated in the 
Strausberg plain, remains under Schwartzburg Sovereignty. 

His Majesty the King of Pnissia will possess all Rights and 
Revenues hereby renounced, for himself and his successors, with 
the same privileges and obligations as at present appertain to 
their possession by His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartz- 
burg-Rudolstadt, and the rights of the House of Stollberg 
especially cannot and shall not be withdrawn hereby. 

Jienunciations on the part of Prussia, 

Art. II. On the other hand, llis Majesty the Khig of Pnissia 
renounces in favour of His Serene Highness the Prince of 
Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt : 

1 . All Sovereign, Feudal, and other Rights and Revenues which 
he has hitherto possessed, levied, or otherwise asserted in the 
so-called Recess lordships {Recess-herrschaften)^ or otherwise in the 
compass of His Serene Highness's Territory, as it will be bounded 
after the conclusion of this Treaty. This renunciation does not, 
however, relate to the Bailiwicks of Heringen and Kelbra, which 

449 2 o 



19 lim«, 1916.J PJltiT84U, Ac. CKo. 55 

[Sohwiurtalrarr'BTidolsUdt.] 

remain in the Recess and customary relations (Recess-und Obser- 
vcmzemdasig) which existed up to the year 1806. 

2. The Sovereign^ Feudal, and Proprietary Rights and Revenuea 
belonging to the Provostahip of Gollingen, the object whereof 
lies within the Rudolstadt Boundaries; likewise the Sovereign 
and other Rights over the woods called the Hostienberg and the 
Feuerthal belonging to the Schwartzburg Exchequer Chamber, and 
also over the Schwartzburg parcels of land belonging to subjects 
residing at Gunzerode, which in the year 1810 were supplementarily 
specified from No. 8,574 to No. 3,583, and over which the Bailiwick 
of Sachsenburg partly has exercised and partly clsumed jurisdiction. 

3. Those Rents and Revenues which his collecting office at 
Nordhausen, the suppressed foundation of the Cross at the same 
place, and the Cloister office at Dientenboiii collect in those places, 
which after the conclusion of this Treaty will be under the 
Sovereignty of His Serene Highness ; and also the !ffide Land in 
the Schwartzburg Territory that is in the village of Ringleben 
and belonging to the German Commandery of GriffstUt, vnih the 
revenues and rents connected with its possession. 

His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt 
will possess all rights and revenues hereby renounced in his 
favour, for himself and his successors, with the same privileges 
and obligations as they are now in the possession of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia, and the rights of the House of Stollberg 
especially cannot and shall not be withdrawn hereby. 

Art. III. Reciprocal Execution, 

Akt. IV. Debts, Corporations. 

Art. V. Civil Officers, 

Art. VI. Arrears, 

Art. VII. Military Arrangements, 

Art. VIII. Free Transit. 

Art. IX. Right of Reversions, 

Art. X. Consent to the Treaty with Schivartzburg'Sondershaiisen^ 
15M /wn<?, 1816 (No. 54). 

Art, XI. Ratificcttions, 

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries on both sides have 
signed the present Treaty, and have sealed it with their arms. 
Done at Berlin, 19th June, 1816. 

(L.S.) JOHANN LUDWI6 VON JORDAN. 
(L.S.) JOHANN GOTTFRIED HOFFMANN. 
(L.S.) FRIED. WILH. FRETH. VON KETELHODT. 

450 



Ho. 56] NETHERLANDS AND PRUSSIA . [26 June, 1916. 

[Boundaries.] 



No. SQ.— BOUNDARY TREATY between Prussia and 
Netherlands. Signed at Aix-la- Chapelle, 2 ikh June, 1810.* 



Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Reference to Treaty of Slst May, 1815. 
1. Line of Frontier. 



^- 1 
to V 



Detailed Demarcation of Line of Frontier. 

la J 

19. 1 

to \ Working of Coal Mines of Kerkraede and Bolduc. 

21. J 

22. 1 

to V Detailed Demarcation of Line of Frontier. 

26. J 

27. MvonleU and Siven forming the Frontier to be common to the Two States. 

Each State to Superintend its own Banks. The Oure to be free and 
common to both States. Waterconrses or Riven forming the Fron- 
tier to be kept in their present State. Fhhery to be common to the 
Two States. 

28. Dirision of l9land$ on the MoselUf the Sure^ and the Oure, 

29. Sorereignty over Domains of the State of Ceded Territories. 

30. Preserration of Rights of Communes, Public Establishments, kc,, in 

Ceded Territories. 

31. Rights of the Sieur Dony and Company relatirc to the Working of the 

Coal Mines. 

32. Communes dirided in marking out Frontier to pay their equal Propor- 

tion of Debts, &c. 

33. Rights of Farmers holding Property on both Sides of the Frontier. 

34. Rights of Manufacturers whose Establishments are situated on both 

. Sides of the Frontier. 

35. Right of Purchase on Neighbouring Territory. 

36. Soldiers to be sent to their own Country. Right of Officers to remain in 

Serrice of New Sovereign. 

37. Four Years allowed to Inhaljitnnts to change their Residence. 

38. Civil Senranta to remain in Service of tlieir Communes. 

39. Settlement of Unforeseen Difficulties. 

40. Restoration and Evacuation of Ceded Territories. 

41. Delivery of Archives, Maps, &o., of Ceded Tcrritoricsi. 

42. Stakes marking the Frontier to be of Oak. 

43. Ratifications. 

Annex, 

Provisional Arrangement in favour of Manufacturers situated on the Fron- 
tier of the Two States, for the Free Import and Export, and without 
Duties, of Raw and partly Manufactured Materials, from their respective 
Establishments. 



* See Treaty, 7th October, 1816. 

451 2 o 2 



26 June, 1816.] NBTHERLAoS'DS AND PRUSSIA. [No. 66 

[Boundaries.] 

(Translation.*) 

Preamble. Reference to Treaty ofZlst May^ 1816. 

His Majesty the King of Prassia and His Majesty the King 
of the Netherlands, wishing to proceed to the definitive settle- 
ment of the Frontiei-s of their respective States on the right bank 
of the Meuse and along the Grand Dnchy of Luxemburg, and 
wishing to smooth the difficulties which have arisen on the sub- 
ject of the provisional occupation of some Communes or parts of 
Communes, situated on the Limtts, and the Sovereignty of which 
might have appeared doubtful, have, in conformity with Article II. 
of the Treaty of 81st May, 1815 (No. 22), appointed Commis- 
sioners furnished with Full Powers, namely : 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Sieur Frederic Count de 
Solms-Laubach, First President of the Duchies of Juliers, Cleves, 
and Berg, &c., who, in virtue of the power conferred on him 
by his Full Powers, has appointed to the same effect and with the 
same powers the Sieurs Frederic Guillaume de Bemuth, Chief 
President of Regency at Amsberg, and John Albert Eytelwein, 
Intimate Councillor and Director-General of the Public Works of 
the Kingdom ; 

And His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, the Sieurs 
Maximilien Jacques de Man, Colonel of Engineers, Director of 
Archives of War and of the Topographical Department, Ac., 
Henry Joseph Michaels de Kessenich, Sub-Intendent of the 
Arrondissement of Verviers, and Michel Took, Director of Direct 
Contributions of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg ; 

AMio, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be 
in good form, have agreed upon the following Points and Articles : 

Line of Frontier. 

Art. I. The Limits fixed by the present Treaty determine the 
Frontiers between the two States from the Borders of France on 
the Moselle to the ancient Dutch town near the Mook. 

Abts. II. to XVIIL Detailed Demarcation of Line of Frontier. 

Arts. XIX. to XXI. Working of Coal Min^s of Kerkraede and 
liolduc. 

Arts. XXII. to XXVI. Detailed Demarcation of Line of Frontier. 

Art. XXVII. liivvlets and Rivers forming the Frontier to he 
common to the tico States. Each State to superintend its own 
Banks. 2'he Cure to he free and common to hoth States. Water- 

• Fop French Tertioxi, tee " Stotc Papers," vol. iii, p. 720. 

462 



No, 56] NETHERLANDS AND PRUSSIA. [26 June, 1816. 

[BoundarieB.] 

courses or Hirers fanning the Frontier to he kept in their present 
ttate. Fishery to be common to the two States. 

Art. XXVIII. Division of Islands on the Moselle^ the Sure, 
and the Oure, 

Arts. XXIX. to XLIII. {See Table.) 

In testimony whereof the Commissioners of the Iligh Con- 
tracting Parties have signed it. and have affixed thereto the Seal 
of their Arms. 

Done at Aix-la-Chapelle, 26th June, 1816. 

(L.S.) DE BERNUTII. (L.S.) DE MAX. 

(L.S.) EYTELWEIN. (L.S.) MICHIELS DE KESSENICH. 

(L.S.) NICOLAI. 

(L.S.). TOCK. 

(Annex.) — Provisional Arrangement in favour of ManvfaC' 
tvrers situated on the Frontier of the two StateSyfor the free Import 
and Export, and without Duties, of Raw and partly Manufactured 
Materials, from their respective EstahlishmeiUe. 



r.Q 



29 June, 1816.] HESSE-DABMSTADT, &c. [No. 57 

[Boundaries.] 



No. 51.— TERRITORIAL CONVENTION between Hesse- 
Darmstadt and Hesse-Cassel, Signed at Frank forty 29 th 
June, 1816.* 



Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Reference to Protocol of 3rd NoTcmber, 1815. 

1. Cessions on the part oi Hesse-Ccuael. 

2. Cessions on the part of Hesse-Darmstadt. 

3. Bailiwick of Dorheim. 

4. Mines of Dorheim and JBeienkeim. 

5. Partition of Debts. 

6. Communal Debts and Charges. 

7. Arrears of Taxes, &o. 

8. Property of Pious Establishments. 

9. Discharge of Soldiers. 

10. Civil Functionaries. 

11. ALTchiTes. 

12. Causeways. 

13. Bridge over the Maine. 

14. Execution. 

15. Batiflcation:). 

(Translatioii.t) 

Pi'tdmbk, liej'erence to Protocol of Srd Xovember^ 1815. 

Whereas His Royal Ilig'hnes.s the Grand Duke, and His 
Koyal Highness the Elector of Hesso, have found it expedient, 
instead of restoiing-, according to Treaty,^ those Electoral Hessian 
Territories which came into Grand Ducal possession in the year 
1810, to make an arrangement for the purpose, as far as possible, 
of rendering their i^espective Territories more compact ; the two 
contracting Courts have therefore appointed Plenipotentiaries to 
discuss and agree upon this matter, namely : 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke, Heinrich Wilhelm Cai'l 
von Ilarnier, His Privy Councillor, Envoy Extraordinary at the 
Royal Bavarian Court, and Minister Plenipotentiary at the German 
Federal Assembly, Grand Cross of His Family Order, and Heinrich 
Baron von Miinch zu Bellinghausen, His Privy Councillor and 
Exchequer Director ; 

And His Royal Highness the Elector, Georg Ferdinand von 

• See also Treaties of 30th Juno, 1816; and (General Treaty of 20th 
July, 1819, Art. XXV. 

t For German version, see " State Papers," vol. iii,, p. 812. 
J 3rd November, 1815. 

454 



Ho. 67] HESSfi-DABMdTADT, Ac. [29 June, 1816. 

[BoundarieB.] 

Lepel, His Privy Govenunent Councillor, Chamberlain, and Com- 
mander of His Family Order ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Pull Powers, found in duo 
form, have agreed upon the following points. 

Cessions on the part of Hesse-Cassel. 

Art. I. His Royal Highness the Elector renounces in favour 
of His Hoyal Highness the Grand Duke all rights and claims to 
the Bailiwicks of Babenhausen, Ortenberg, and Rodheim, as well 
as his share in the Communes of Vilbel, Assenheim, Heuchel- 
heim, Miinaenberg, Trais-Munzenberg, Stadt Ortenberg, Herges- 
hausen, Sickenhofen, and Burggiiifenrode. His Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke will, for himself and his successors, possess the 
aforesaid Bailiwicks and communal shares, with all the Sovereign, 
Supreme, Feudal, Domanial, and other Rights, which His Royal 
Highness the Elector has possessed therein or as appertaining 
tliereto. 

The plot of woodland situated iji the landmark of the Baili- 
wick of Rodheim belong^g to the Manheim Salt Works, and 
called the Altenberg, is not included in the foregoing Cession in 
i-egard to the Property, but will, as hitherto, remain connected 
with the Salt Works, and enjoy the same freedom from taxation 
and other exemptions as are stipulated in Article IV. of this 
Treaty in regard to the colliery. 

Cessions on the part of Hesse'Durinstadt. 
Akt. II. On the other hand His Royal Highness the Grand 

Duke will, 

1. Restoi-c the Bailiwick of Dorheim to His Royal Highness 
the Elector according to the further stipulations contained hi 
Articles III. and IV. ; 

2. Cede to him the Districts of Gross- Auheim, Gross-Krotzen- 
burg, and Oberrodenbach, as well as his share in the Commune 
of Praunheim, with all Sovereign, Supreme, Feudal, Domanial, and 
other Rights which he has exercised therein or as appertaining 
thereto, and nnonnrQ.hln Hliim to Dottenfeld Court near Vilbel ; 

3. Give up to him the Sovereignty over the princely and 
county jurisdictions of Diebach, Langenselbold, Meerholz, Lieblos, 
Wachtersbach, Spielberg, and Reichenbach, also the locality of 
Wolfenborn. 

Art. III. Bailiwick of Dorheim. Leases^ Rents^ ic 
Art, IV. Mines of Dorheim and Beienheim, 

455 



20 June, 1816.] HESSE-DABMSTADT, &c. [Mo. 57 

[BoundariMi.] 

Art. V. PaHition of Debts, 

Art. VI. Communal Debts and Charges, 

Art. VII. Arrears of Taxes^ ^c. 

Art. VIII. Property of Pious Estahlishmente, 

Art. IX. Discharge of Soldiers. 

Art. X. Civil Functionaries, 

Art. XL Archives, 

Art. XII. Causeways, 

Art. XIII. Bridge ovei* the Main, ' 

Art. XIV. Execution, 

Art. XV. Ratifications, 

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries on both sides have 
signed the present Treaty and sealed it with their arms. 
Done at Frankfort on the Main, 29th June, 1816. 

(L.S.) HEINRICH WILHELM CARL VON HARNIKR. 
(L.S.) HEINRICH BARON VON MUNCH-BELLING- 

HAUSEN. 
(L.S.) GEORG FERDINAND VON LEPEL. 



456 



No, 58] AUSTBU, PRUSSIA, &c. [30 Juno, 1816. 

[Westphalia, Kayenoe, Skc] 



No. 58. — TREATY between Austria, PrusstOy and Hesse- 
Darmstadt. Signed at Frankfort, SOth June, 1816.* 

[Thi8 Treaty formed Annex 11. to the General Treaty signed at 

Frankfort, 20th July, 1819.] 

Aet. Table. 

Preamble. Reference to Treaties of June and November, 1815, kc, 

1. Cession of Duchy of Westphalia to Prussia. 

2. Prussian Bights of SoTereignty over counties of Wittgenttein'WUtgenstein 

and WUtgeiutein-Berleburff, 

3. Barorian Bights of SoTereignt j over Bailiwicks of MiUenbergf Amarbach, 

Heubach, and Alsenau. 

4. Exchange of Territory between Sesse-Cauel and Sesse-DarmHadt 

5. Be-instatement of Hesse-Homburg into his Possessions, &c. Family 

Arrangement to be made between Sesse'Damutcult and Seae- 
Homhwrg, 

6. Vote to Keue-Kowhurg at Diet of Germanic Confederation. 

7. Possessions of Sesse-Darmstadt in full SoTereignty and Property. 

8. Possessions of Hesw-Darmstadt in full Sovereiguty and Property. 

9. Fortress of Magence to remain at disposal of the Government of the 

Fortress. 

10. Commission to define Dependencies of the Fortress of Magence and all 

points between the Mihtary Government and the Civil Authority. 

11. Hesse-Darmstadt to participate in garrisoning Fortress of Magence, 

12. Barracks for garrison of Magence, 

13. Sovereignty of Hesae-Darmetadt over City of Magence. Powers of the 

MiUtary Governor. Burgher Guard to be under orders of Military 
Government. Conscription. Powers of Military Government during 
War. 

14. Magence. Freedom of Religion. Exemption from Duties and free postage 

of Letters to that part of the Ckirrison not composed of Troops of 
Grand Duchy. 
16. Sale or alienation of Domains. 

16. Sovereignty of Heste- Darmstadt over Provinces and Districts detached 

from France by Treaty of 30th May, 1814. 

17. Beciprocal transfer of Title Deeds, Documents, Maps, and Papers. West* 

phalia, Wittgenstein-Berleburg. 

18. Bevenues of the Domains of Duchy of Westphalia, Arrears of Taxes. 

19. Debts and Pensions assigned on the Duchy of WesiphaUa, Debts and 

Pensions of BaiUwicks of Alzenau, Atnorbach, Miltenberg^ and Heu- 
bach. Debts of Principality of Isenhurg. Conunission to ascertain 
Debts. Bights of Family Succession. 

20. Military to return home. Ofiicers may remain in service of either State. 

21. Civil Officers and Pensioners to pass to new Possessors. 

* See also Treaty of j»ame date between Great Britain nud Ui*.«c- 
Danu stadt. 

457 



30 June, 1816.] AUSTRIA, pbdssu, &c. [Mo. 88 

[WMtphalia, Hayenoe, Ac.} 

22. Salt from Works of Kreuznach to be free from Duty. Salt prepared in 

Salt Works of Hesse to be considered as Foreign Salt in Prussia. 
Price of Salt to- bo fixed. Engagement of Prussia not to erect new 
Salt Works. Stores of Wood and Charcoal to be paid by Hesse- 
Darmstadt. 

23. Passage and Floatage of Wood and Charcoal for Salt Works of Kreuz" 

nach. 

24. Military Road through States of Hesse-Darmstadi. Special Conyention« 

to regulate Military Roads. 

25. Transfer of ceded Districts and Territories. Transfer of Salt Works of 

Kreuznach. 

26. Guarantee of Sovereiguty of States to Hesse'Darmstadi. 

27. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament,*) 

Tu the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

Uis Majesty the Emperor of Austria, His Majesty the King 
of Prussia, and IDs lloyal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, 
desiring to settle everything relating to the Territorial Arrange- 
ments which were previously agreed upon by their Majesties and 
His Royal Highness by the Treaty of Frankfort of the 23rd 
November, 1813,t ^"^ ^^** ^^ Vienna of the 10th June, 1815 
(No. 28), and wishing to complete and execute the said Arrange- 
ments conformably to the Stipulations agreed to at Paris in the 
month of November, 1815 (No. 40), their Majesties and Ifis Royal 
Highness have resolved to conclude a Definitive Ti-eaty for that 
purpose, and have named the following Plenipotentiaries to con- 
cert, settle, and sign eveiy thing i*elative to those objects, viz. : 

His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, the Sieur John 
Philip Baron de Wessenberg, Chaml^rlain and actual Privy Coun- 
cillor to His said Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, &c. ; 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Sieur Charles AVilliam 
iiaron de Humboldt, His Minister of State and Chamberiain, 
&c. ; 

And His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, the Sieur 
Henry William Charles de Haruier, His Envoy Extraordinary to 
the Royal Court of Bavaria, and Minister Plenipotentiary to the 
Diet of the Germanic Confederation ; 

And the Sieur Henry Baron de Miinch of Bellinghausen, His 
Privy Councillor, and Director of the Chamber of Finance for the 
Province of Hesse ; 
Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, and found 

• For French vcwion, see "State Papers," vol. vii., p 30. 
t See Appendix. 

458 



No. 58] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, &c. [30 June, 1816. 

[Westphalia, aCayenoe, fto.] 

them iu good and due form, have agi'eed to the following* 
Articles : — 

Cession of Duchtf of Westphalia to Prussia. 

Art. I. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse cedes 
to His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Duchy of Westphalia,* 
as possessed by His Royal Highness at the time of the signature 
of the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna of the 9th of June, 
1815 (No. 27), to be possessed by His Majesty, His Descendants 
and Successoi*s, in full Sovereignty and Property, 

Prussian Bights of Sovereignty over Counties of Wittgenstein- 
Wittgenstein and Wittgenstein- Berlehurg, 

Art. II. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse 
renounces, for Himself, His Descendants and Successors, all 
feudal and Sovereign Rights over the Counties of Wittgenstein- 
Wittgenstein, and of Wittgenstein-Berleburg,* in favour of His 
Majesty the King of Prussia. The relations between these 
posBesmons and the Prussian Monarchy shall be the same as 
those regfnlated by the Federative Germanic Constitution for the 
mediatised territories. 

Bavarian Rights of Soverei^ty over Bailiivicks of Miltenberg^ 

Amorhach^ Heuhach^ and Alzenau, 

Art. III. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse 
cedes to His Majesty the King of Bavaria, His Rights of Sove- 
reignty over the Bailiwicks of Miltenberg, Amorbach and 
Henbach, and H5s rights of Property and Sovereignty over the 
Biuliwick of Alzenau, as those Bailiwicks were on the 8rd of 
November, 1815 (No. 38), to be possessed by His said Majesty, 
His Descendants and Succes80i's.+ 

Exchange of Territory between Hesse' Cassel and Hesse-Darmstadt, 

Art. IV. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse 
engages to transfer the possession of the Bailiwick of Dorheim 
to His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse, and to cede to Him, 
in exchange for the Bailiwicks of Rodheim, Ortenberg, and 
Babenhausen, of the moiety of Vilbel belonging to His Royal 
Highness the Elector and for the Corporations of Munzenberg, 

* See Treaty between PruBsia and UeBse-Darmstadt of 12th March, 1817 ; 
oud General Treaty of 20th July, 1819, Arts. XVII., XVIII. 
t See aJiO Article XIX., qqcI Treaty of 14th April, 1816. 

499 



30 June, 1816.] Austria, prussu, &c. [No. 58 

[Westplialia, SCayenoe, fto.] 

Traifi-Munzenberg, Assenheim, Heuchelheim and Burggrafen- 
rode, the following territories, viz. : 

1st. The places of Gross- Auheun, Gross-Krotzenburg and 
Oberrodenbach, with the moiety of Praunheim belonging to tho 
Grand Duchy. 

2nd. A part of the country of Iseuburg, comprising the 
Bailiwicks (Gerichte) of Diebach, Langenselbold, Meerholz, 
Lieblos, W'achtersbach, Spielberg and Reichenbach, and the place 
of AVolfenbom, the whole according to the conditions of the 
Treaty which was signed at Frankfort on the 29th of June, 1816 
(No. 57), between the Plenipotentiaries of their Royal High- 
nesses the Elector and the Grand Duke.* 

Re-tnstatement of Hesse-Homhurg into his Possessions^ ^c. Family 
Arrangement to be made between Hesse-Darmstadt and Hesse- 
Homburg, 

Art. v. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse. 
engages, in execution of Article XLVIII. of the Act of the Con- 
gress of Vienna of the 9th of June, 1815 (No. 27), to Re-instate 
His Sei*ene Highness the Landgrave of Hesse-Hombm*g, in the 
Possessions, Revenues, Political Rights and Relations, of which 
he has been deprived by the Rhtuish Confedemtion. This Re- 
instatement shall take place at the same time that the Territories 
ceded by the present Treaty shall be i-eciprocally transfeired to 
their new Possessors. 

A Family Arrangement shall be concluded between His Royal 
IDghnessthe Grand Duke of Hesse and His Serene Highness the 
Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, for the purpose of reconciling the 
relations resulting from the present Stipulation with the existing 
family Compacts and Treaties. 

Vote to Hesse-Homburg at Diet of Germanic Confederatiotu 

Art. VI. The Stipulations of Article XLIX. of the Act of 
the Congress of Vienna of the 9th of June, 1815 (No. 27), having 
secured to His Serene Highness the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, 
a full and entire Sovereignty, — the High Contracting Parties 
engage to employ their gooil offices to obtain, at the Diet of the 
Gennanic Confederation, a Vote for His Serene Highness in the 
General A^'Sembly fixed by Article VI. of the Federative Act, 

* See Treaty of 20th JuIt. 1819, Art. XXV. 

460 



No. 58] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, Ac. [30 June, 1816. 

[Westplialia, Kayence, 6tc.] 

as well as the right of participation in a Collective Voice, in the 
mode of Voting regulated by Article IV. of the said Act. 

k 
Possessions of Ilesse-Dannstadt in full Sovereignty and Property » 

Art. VII. In return for the Cessions and Renunciations con- 
tained in Articles I., II., III., IV,, and V., Ilis Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke of Ilesse, and after Him, Uis Descendants and 
Successors, shall possess : — 

1st. In full Sovereignty^ the Territories of the Prince and 
Counts of Isenburg, including the villages of Ileusenstamm and 
Eppertshausen, always excepting the Districts ceded to His Royal 
lEQghness the Elector of Hesse, in virtue of Article IV. of the 
present Treaty, as well as the Possessions of the Count of Solms- 
Rodelheim, and of the Count of Ingelheim, which formed part of 
the late department of Frankfort. These Possessions and Villages 
shall be placed in the relations towards the Grand Duchy of Hesse, 
regulated by the Federative Germanic Constitution for the Media- 
tised Territories. 

The relations of the Counts of Isenburg with the Prince of 
Isenburg shall be re-established upon the footing on which they 
existed before the Rhenish Confederation ; it being understood 
that all the Rights of Sovereignty shall solely belong to their 
Royal Highnesses the Grand Duke and the Elector of Hesse, con- 
formably to the fourth Article afore-mentioned : — 

2nd. In Property^ the Salt Works situated in the Banlieu of 
Kreutznach, as well as the Salt Springs which belonged to them 
at the time of the signature of the Act of the Congress of Vienna 
of the 9th of June, 1815 (No. 27). 

The Salt Work called the Salt Work of Munster, which is 
private property, is expressly excepted. — ^The Sovereignty of all 
these Salt Works shall remain to His Majesty the King of 
Prussia. 

Art. VIII. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, 
and after Him, His Descendants and Successors, shall possess in 
full Sovereignty and Property : 

1st. The Circle of Alzey, with the exception of the Canton of 
Rirchheim-Poland, and the Cantons of Pfeddersheim and Worms 
in the circle of Spire,, in the state those countries were on the 
3rd of November, 1815, under the Administmtion established at 
Worms, and in such manner that the Limits of the Prussian 
States, where they border on the Circle of Alzey, shall remain as 

461 



30 June, 1816.] AUSTEU, PRUSSIA, &c. [Ko. t% 

IWestphalia, Kayenee, fte.] 

they were fixed by Article XXV. of the Act of the Congi'ess of 
Vienna of the 9th of June, 1815 (No. 27): 

2nd. The City and Territory of Mayence, inchiding Cassel and 
Kostheim, with the exception of all which constitutes theT'ortress, 
which is declared a Fortress of the Germanic Confederation. 

Fortress of Mayence to remain at disposal of the Government of the 

Fortress, 

Art. IX. All the Works, Edifices, Lands, and Revenues, which 
appertained to the Fortress of Mayence, at the time of its transfer 
to the allied troops, in execution of the Convention of the 
23rd of April, 1814* (whether those revenues formed part of its 
establishment, or were appropiiated to other purposes), shall bo 
excepted from the Act of the transfer of the City of Mayence to 
the Grand Ducal Authorities ; and shall remain exclusively at 
the disposal of the Government of the Fortress, and their pro- 
ceeds shall form part of its establishment. 

Commission to define Dependencies of the Fortress of Mayence and all 
points between the Military Government and the Civil Autlionty. 

Art. X. Immediately after the signature of the present 
Treaty, a Commission shall be appointed, composed of one or 
several Functionaries of Ilis Eoyal Highness the Grand Duke of 
Hesse, and of one or more Officers delegated ad hoc by the 
Government of the Fortress, to verify what edifices and grounds 
shall be considered as forming the dependencies of the Portress, 
in virtue of the preceding Article; and a minute specification 
shall be drawn up of all these edifices and groimds, which shall 
serve as a rule for the adjudication of any further controversies 
that may arise resjiecting them. 

The same Commission shall regulate, in strict conformity to 
the Stipulations of the present Treaty, all the other points which 
it may be expedient to determine between the Military Govern- 
ment and the Civil Authority ; such as the quartering of troops, 
the supplies from the Burghers, the places of exercise, and other 
objects of that nature. 

This Commission shall also choose a convenient house for the 
Governor of the Fortress, the Teutonic Palace being reserved for 
His Royal Highness the Grand Duke. 

* SeeApp^diz. 
469 



Mo. MJ AUSTRIA, PAUSSIA, &c. [30 June, 1816. 

[Westphalia, Kayence, Ac] 

Hesse'Darmstadt to participate in garrisoning Fortress of Mat/ence. 

Abt. XI. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse shall 
participate in the right of Garrisoning the Fortress of Mayence, 
by famishing a battalion of infantry for that purpose. 

Barracks for Oarrisou of Mayence, 

Art. XII. The Garrison of Mayence shall be provided with 
Barracks, which they shall occupy by degrees, as they are 
repaired and built for their reception. These repairs and build- 
ings, which shall in no case fall to the charge of His Royal 
Highness, as Territorial Sovereign, shall be accelerated as much 
as possible. In the mean time the city shall be charged with 
quartering the soldier}-, according to the mode and regulations 
which have hitherto subsisted in regard thereto : the IBgh Con- 
tracting Parties at the same time engage to use their good offices 
with the Germanic Confederation, to the end that the city may be 
allowed a reasonable compensation for the expences arising 
therefrom, to be reckoned from the day of the ratification of the 
present Treaty. 

Sovereignty of Hesse-Darimtadt over City of Mayence. Powers of 
the Military Governor. Burgher Guard to he under orders 
of Military Government. Conscription. Powers of Military 
Government during War. 

Art. XIII. The right of Soveieignty in the City of Mayence 
belonging to His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, the 
Administration of Justice, the receipt of Duties and Contributions 
of every kind, as well as every other branch of the Civil Adminis- 
tration, shall remain exclusively in the hands of His Royal 
Highness's Functionaries, and the Governor and Commandant 
shall lend them aid and assistance in case of need. The Military 
Governor of the Fortress sliall at all times be vested with the 
necessary powers to assure to him the free and independent 
exercise of his functions, conformably to his responsibility. 

The Civil and Local Authorities shall be subordinate to him in 
everything which concerns the military relations and defence of 
the place. He shall also have the special direction of the Pohce 
with regard thereto, in such manner, however, as shall be deter- 
mined on in the Conferences of the Government, in which a Civil 
Functionary of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke sliall take a 

468 



ACSTBU, PRCSSIA, ic 



liart wheiievpr tliey relate to objerts of that natBre. The Ordi- 
nances anil IlegolatioDs of Polke shall be poblielied b; the 
Uovemment tbrongfa the iutetTenti<Hi of the Pre^dent of tbe 
Police of the city. 

Tbe Biirgiier gnard of the city shall, according to the practice 
in all Fortres.'iee, be placed under the orders of the Military 
Uoremment, and shall not assemble without its consent. 

No obstacle shall be opposed to levying the Conscription 
irithin the citr. Ihe Military Government being responMUe for 
the defence of the place, and the muntenaDce of int»nal order, 
and enjoying the right to adopt all neoessaiy me«sm«s for those 
purposes. — it may also place advanced poets withont the Fortress. 
Id time of War. or when Germany may be menaced with War, 
and the Fortress ileclared in a state of siege, the powers of the 
Military Government shall be unlimited, except by the bounds of 
prudence, custom and the law of nations. 

Maifettee. Freedom of Religion. Exemption from Dutiea and free 
postage of Letter! to that part. GarritOH not eompoted of 
Tivopt of Grand Dudff. 

Art. XIT. That part of the Garrison which may not be com- 
posed of troope belonging to the Grand Duchy, shall enjoy an 
entire exemption from the Grand Dacal jurisdiction, the free 
exercise of religion, and exemption from duties on military effects, 
and from Turnpikes (Chnrifs^'e Gelil). within the distance of font 
leagues round the Fortress ; its letters shall also pass through the 
Grand Ducal Territory free of postage. 

To prevent abuses, these exemptions from duties and free 
jioHtage of letters shall be specially regulated by the Commission 
established by Ailicle X. 

S'lle nr alitinxtiun of Doiaains. 
Art. XV. Evory Ailc or Alienation of Domain whatever, 
which may have been made by either party in the Countries 
Ceded by the present Treaty, previous to the periods fixed in 
.\rUclee I., 111., V,, VII.. and VIII., shall be valid : on the other 
hand, all those which may have been made subsequent to those 
periods shall be considered null and void. In cases, however, 
where it may be impossible to revoke Alienations of Domains, 
without detriment to the intere.^ts of individuals who may have 
legitimately acquired them and for a valuable consideratioD, the 
4C4 



No. 58] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, &c. [30 June, 1816. 

[Westphalia, llCayenoe, &o.] 

Contractiug Parties engage to be reciprocally accountable for the 
proceeds of such Alienations. 

Sovereignty of Hesse- Darmstadt over Provinces and Districts 
detached f ram France by Treaty of 30th May^ 1814. 

Abt. XVI. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, 
in uniting under His Sovereignty the Countries described in 
Article VIII. of the present Treaty, enters into all the rights, 
and takes upon himself all the stipulated engagements, relative 
to the Provinces and Districts detached from France by the 
Treaty of Peace concluded at Paris the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1). 

Reciprocal trarisfer of Title Deedsy Documents^ Maps^ and Papers, 

Westphalia^ 1 Vittgenstein-Berlehurg, 

Art. XVII. His Royal Highness the Gmnd Duke engages to 
have all the Title Deeds, Documents, Maps and Papers, which 
relate to the Duchy of AVestphalia, and to the possessions of 
Wittgensteui-Berleburg,* transfeired to the Prussian Govern- 
ment withhi the space of tha'c months from the date of the 
Ratification of the present Treaty. 

A similai* transfer of Papers, Documents and Maps, shall be 
made in favour of liis Majesty the King of Bavaria, His Royal 
Highness the Elector of Hesse, and His Serene Highness the 
Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, with regard to the Districts 
which shall be transfeired to them. 

All the Title Deeds, Documents, Maps and Papers, which 
relate to the Countries and objects ceded to His Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke of Hesse, shall be transferred to His Commis- 
sioners within the same period. 

Revenues of the Domains of Duchy of Westphalia. Arrears of 

Taxes, 

Art. XVII I. The Revenues of the Domains situated in the 
Duchy of Westphalia, arc explicilly reserved to His Royal 
Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, up to the 1st of July in the 
present year, subject to a deduction for the expenses of the said 
Domains ; and His Majesty the King of Prussia undertakes to 
have them collected before the end of the year. 

Tlie arrears of direct and indirect Taxes are expressly ex- 
cepted from this Stipulation and shall remain to His Prussian 
Majesty, 

• See Trcftty of 12th March, 1817. 

465 2 u 



30 June, 1816.] AUSTEU, PRUSSU, Ac. [No. S8 

[Westphalia, Xayenoe, Ac] 

The arrears of Taxes in the countries situated on the left bank 
of the Rhine, which, confonnably to Article VIII., pass under 
the Sovereignty of Ilis Royal Highness, shall appertain to the 
Grand Ducal Government, from the 16th of June, 1814, unto the 
1st of July next, which Government shall defray all the expences 
relative to the Administration of the said arrears. 

The arrears of the four Bailiwicks ceded to His Majesty the 
King of Bavaria, in virtue of Article III., shall belong to His 
Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, until the 1st of July 
of the present year. 

Debts and Pensions assiyned on the Duchy of Westphalia. Debts 
and Pensions of Bailiwicks of Alzenau^ Amorbach^ Mitten' 
berg^ and Heubach, Debts of Principality of Isenburg. 
Commission to ascertain Debts, Rights of Family Succes- 
sion. 

Art. XIX. The Debts assigned upon the Duchy of Westphalia, 
acci-uing from the Electorate of Cologne, as well as those con- 
tracted by its separate Administration, shall remain charged on 
the said Duchy : 

The same shall take place with respect to the pensions 
assigned upon the possession of that country, by the Reces of the 
Empire of 1803,* and the revenue of 15,000 florins, assessed 
upon that Duchy, in favour of the Prince of Wittgenstein-Berle- 
burg. 

As to the Debts and Charges, originally Foreign, but which 
have been transferred to the Duchy of Westphalia, the High 
Contracting Parties have agreed that His Majesty the King of 
Prussia shall be charged with the sum of 500,000 florins, accruing 
from the Debts of the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg, and con- 
verted into Bonds, specially secured by Mortgage upon the Duchy 
of Westphalia, beaiing date the 1st of April, 1810. 

The Debts (Landes-und Kammerschulden) and Payments, with 
which the Grand Duchy of Hesse was charged by the acquisi- 
tion of the Bailiwicks of Alzenau, Amorbach, Miltenberg and 
Heubach, and which have not been subsequently discharged by 
the Ducal Govei-nment, shall pass to their new proprietor.f 

The Debts assigned on the Principality of Isenburg, shall 
remain charged upon that countiy : — His Royal Highness under- 
takes to proA-ide for a moiety of the Private Debts of the present 
Prince of Isenburg. 

* See Appendix. f See Art. III. 

46G 



Mo. 68] AUSTHU, PRUSSIA, Ac. [30 June, 1816. 

[WestpUklia, Mayenoe, Ao,] 

A CommisaioD shall be appointed by His Imperial and Boyal 
Apostolic Majesty and Ilis Royal Highness the Grand Duke of 
Hesse, to ascertain the state of these Debts and regulate their 
allotment. 

The rights of Family Succession which, m virtue of Article XLV. 
of the principal Bech of the Deputation of the Empire of the 25th 
February, 1808,* might have been transferred to the Duchy of 
Westphalia, are now transferred to the districts given to His 
Royal Highness the Grand Duke, by Article VIII. of the present 
Treaty, in indemnification and in exchange, as an equivalent for 
the said Duchy. 

Military to return home. Officers may remain in service of either 

State, 

Akt. XX. The Troops drawn from the Duchy of Westphalia 
and the possessions of Wittgenstein- Wittgenstein, and Wittgen* 
stein-Berieburg, as well as those from the four Bailiwicks ceded 
to His Majesty the King of Bavaria, in virtue of Article HI,, 
shall remain attached to the Corps (VAi^nee of His Royal High- 
ness the Grand Duke, during the space of two months, at the 
expiration of which term the soldiers and non-commissioned 
officers may return home: the Officei-s in actual service may 
choose within the same period in which of these respective 
services they will remain. Those who are pensioners and natives 
of the Duchy of Westphalia, or who are from the Electorate of 
Cologne and the Counties of Wittgenstein, shall remain at the 
charge of His Prussian Majesty. 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse charges hun- 
self with the Troops of that part of the country of Isenburg 
annexed to the Grand Duchy. 

Civil Officers and Pensioners to pass to new Possessors, 

Art. XXI. All the Civil Officers employed in tlic Adminis- 
tration of the Duchy of Westphalia, of tlie Counties of Witt- 
genstein, and of the Four Bailiwicks ceded to Ills Majesty the 
King of Bavaria, whether in actual service or retired on Pensions, 
shall pass to the new Possessors. This Stipulation reciprocally 
applies to the districts and everything ceded to His Royal High- 
ness the Grand Duke of Hesse, and His Royal Higlmess particu- 
larly charges himself with the Peusionei's assigned upon that 
portion of the department of Mont Tonnerre imited to the Grand 
Duchy by the present Treaty. It equally applies to the Salt 

* Sec Appendix. 

4G7 2 II 2 



30 June, 1816.] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, Ac. [No. 58 

[Westphalia, *Mayence, Ac] 

Works of Kreuznach, with the exception of their present director, 
the Prussian Commissioner. 

Salt from Works of Kreuztbach to be free from Duty, ScUt prepared 
in Salt Works of Hesse^Darmstadt to be considered as Foreign 
Salt in Prussia. Price of Salt to be fixed. Engcufement of 
Prussia not to erect new Salt Works. Stores of Wood and 
Charcoal to be paid by Hesse-Darmstadt. 

Art. XXII. The Salt from the Salt Works of Kreuznach shall 
not be subject to any tax or duty whatever, either on its prepara- 
tion or exportation. Wood and Charcoal, and other Articles 
required for manufacturing the Salt, or constructing and repair- 
ing the Salt Works, arc equally exempt from any import duty. 
But these Privileges and Immunities shall not extend to the 
personal imposts on those individuals employed in making the 
Salt or superintending the Salt Works, who are Prussian subjects. 
The inhabitants of the Salt Works, not originally Prussian 
subjects, shall be subject to the same laws, and considered in 
the same relation, as other foreigners domiciliated in the Prussian 
Monarchy. 

The Salt prepared in the Salt Works ceded to His Royal 
Highness the Grand Duke, shall be considered, in the Prussian 
States, as Foreign Salt, and as such shall be subject to all the 
duties and regulations, which now or hereafter may exist in the 
kingdom of Prussia, respecting Foreign Salt. 

With a view to prevent the difference between the prices of 
Salt in the Hessian and Prussian States, on the left bank of the 
Rhine, from encouraging the fraudulent impoitation of Salt from 
the Salt Works of Kreuznach into the Grand Duchy of the Lower 
Rhine, the Grand Ducal Government shall agree with the Prussian 
Authorities in fixing a price, which shall be renewed every ten 
years. They shall also deteimine upon the measures necessary 
to prevent smuggling, as well with regard to the exportation of 
Salt as to the importation of the materials required in its manu- 
facture, or for constructing or repairing the Salt works. 

His Pmssian Majesty engages not to establish any new Salt 
Work in the Banlieu of Kreuznach that can injure the workuig of 
those ceded to His Royal Highness the Grand Duke, whether ai« 
relating to the Salt Spnngs or to the Watei*a of the Nahe. 

The stores of Wood and Charcoal found in the magazines on 
the day of the transfer, shall remain to the Prussian Goveiiuneut, to 

468 



No. 68] AUSTRIA, PRUSSU, &c. [30 June, 1816. 

[WeBtphalia, Mayence, &o ] 

be ceded to the Grand Ducal Administration : and if the Pnissian 
Government should not have paid for them, tlie Grand Ducal 
Administration sliall fulfil the contracts made by the said Govern- 
ment for those articles ; and in the contrary case, the Administra- 
tion shall repay the Prussian Govennnent the prime cost of the 
said stores within the space of 6 months. The stores of Salt 
shall be at the disposal of the Pnissian Government. 

Passage and Floatage of Wood and Charcoal for Salt Works of 

Kreiiznach, 

Art. XXIII. The Grand Ducal Government of Hesse shall 
have a right to convey the necessaiy quantities of Wood and 
Charcoal for supplying the Salt works of Kreuznach, through the 
Prussian States, without experiencing any restraint with regard 
thereto, and shall only pay the ordinary Duties for Passage and 
Floatage ; at the same time attending to the existing ordinances 
and regulations of the Police. The Floatage Duties for those 
Articles on the Nahe shall not be augmented beyond the present 
Tariff. 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria and His Majesty the 
King of Prussia engage to use their persevering intervention, for 
the purpose of procuring for the Grand Ducal Government of 
Hesse similar facilities for conveying and Floating Wood and 
Charcoal through the Bavarian States, from Kaiserlautem to 
Kreuznach. 

Military Road through States of Ilesse'Dannstadt. 

Art. XXIV. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse 
consents that Prussia shall have a military road through His 
States, for troops passing from Erfurt by Eisenach, Hersfeld, 
Giessen and Wetzlar to Coblentz, and that those which come 
from, or are destined to Mayence, shall take the road of Coblentz 
by Bingen. 

Special Conventions to regulate Military Roads, 

The Convention to be concluded in the course of three months 
relative to these objects, shall be regulated according to that 
which shall be agi-eed to, with regard to the Pmssian military 
roads through the States of the King of Hanover and of the 
Elector of Hesse. The same Convention shall regiilate the billet 
statioii>» {placea iVetappi) ou those roads*. 

4r,9 



30 June, 1816.] AUSTRIA, PEUSSU, Ac. [No. 88 

[Westplialla, Mayenoe, fto.] 

It is agi^eed that the regulation of billet stations for the 
'Austrian troops destined to form a part of the garrison of Mayence, 
shall be resei'ved for a Separate Convention between th^ respective 
Governments. 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse also consents 
that Bavaria shall have a military road through His States, for 
troops passing from tlie Bavarian Provinces on the right bank of 
the Rhine to those recently acquired on the left bank of that 
river. 

All that relates to billet stations, the mauitenanae and trans- 
port of troops, and other objects of Administration, shall be 
regulated by a Separate Convention between His Majesty the 
Ring of Bavaria and His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of 
Hesse. 

Transfer of ceded Districts and Territories, 

Art. XXV. The transfer of the Districts and Territories, 
mutually ceded and transferred, by Articles I., II., III., IV., V., 
VII., and VIII. of the present Treaty, shall be made on the 7th of 
July in the present year, by means of Prods Verhaux which shall 
be drawn up at Frankfort, and signed by the Plenipotentiaries of 
the several Princes, under whose Sovereignty these Districts shall 
pass. Actual possession of these districts shall be given imme- 
diately after signing the Proces Verhaux, 

Transfer of Salt Works of Kreuznach, 

The transfer of the Salt works of Kreuznach and its depen- 
dencies shall be made in like manner, and the Grand Ducal Autho- 
rities shall receive these Salt works with the same titles, rights, 
and pretensions, relative to the property in the said Salt woAs, 
as well as with the same tools and utensils used in working them, 
as were transferred to the Prussian Government. 

These Salt works shall commence working, on account of His 
Royal Highness, on the Ist day of July of this year. 

Guarantee of Sovereignty of States to Hesse^ Darmstadt, 

Art. XXVI. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria and His 
Majesty the King of Prussia Guarantee to His Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke of Hesse, the full and entire Sovereignty of His 
States, as well as the Integrity of His possessions, in the state 
described in the present Treaty. 

470 



Mo. 68] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, &c. [30 June, 1816. 

[Westphalia, Mayenoe, Ao,} 

Ratifications, 

Art. XXVII. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications exchanged at Frankfort within the space of six weeks, 
or sooner if possible. 

In testimony whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
hereunto affixed their Signatures and the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Frankfort on the Mayne, the 30th of June, 1816. 

(L.S.) WTISSENBERG. 

(L.S.) HARNIER. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

(L. S.) LB BARON DE MUNCH. 



471 



30 June, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIX & HESSE-DAEMSTADT. [No. 50 



No. 59.— TREATY between Great BritaiH and Hesse- 
Darmstadt. Signed at Frankfort, 3(M June, 1816. 

[This Treaty formed Annex III. to the General Treaty of Frank- 
fort of 20ih July, 1819.] 

^Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Ill the Name of the Most H«.4y and UntiiTided Trinity. 
Rfrififici t'» Tr^'itUf of Fr'Xhhfort of' 1813. 



Ills >[ vJT^TT the Kin^ of the Fuiteri Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland anxi'>as t> evinoe His entire participation in the 
Torrit',^Ial Arrangeiiit-iit* disonssed, agree«l upon, and determined 
bv ov^mmon o.'n^^nt, in tlk? CoufereiKVS at Frankfort on the 

m 

>[ayiK\t lvtw«>en Ilis Plenijv»tentiary and the Plenipotentiaries of 
their Imperial and K^wal Majesties the Emperor of Austria, the 
Em^vror of Russia, His Majesty the King of Pknssia, and His 
Royul Highness the Gnmd Diike of Hesse ; and desiring at the 
sanK" tiuw to pve a fre^h j'r>»f K*i His friendship for His Royal 
lliirhix^*, bv the funV.oniiKV •?: His i^ish that a Treatv should be 
im!Ui\iiaio!y stinAyi w:::; His sa:-.! K'yal Highness, onformably 
to the am\r4^':r.e:::s i:i qxies::- n: Hi-* Majesty the King of the 
rniwvi K:!:o.Lnn of Great Br'tain and Ireland, and His Roval 
lliirhivss the Gr»i::.l Diike of Hess<\ have to this effect named for 
IVnijvtoutrarios, v:.: : 

His s;v.d MaHs:v. tI.o Kicht Honourable Richard le Poer 
TreiKh, Earl of l lav.oarty, V'.-^vu:.: DirJo, Rin>n KilconneU Baron 
TreiKh of Gailv^Ilv of tho r:.':^^! KbiTvivm of Great Britain and 
Ireland, Aiv.Ku?c>,Ki r E\ira.>rv:;!i;Ky and rienip^tentiary to His 
Maj^-siy tho KiuiT of iho Nothorlands, Jco. 

And His Royal H;jrh:x^ss tho Gm:id Duke of Hesse, the Sieur 
llonry WiUiiitu diaries do Ilaniii- His Royal Highnesses Privy 
CouiKnUv^r, His Eiwoy Extra >rviiuary at the Royal Court of Bavaria, 
and Ills Minister r;o:.:;v^outiar>- a: the Diet of the Cn^nnanic Con- 
ft\k*r^tiv^!x, 

Ar.vi iht- Siour lU;;ry Ri:\-^. vk- Muivh of Bellinghauson, His 
IMvy Ov^nvUlor av.d l^irev^or of tbi- Cha:iiU-r of Fuiance of the 

1>\^VUKV of Ht^S«\ 



Ho. 69] GREAT BRITAnt & HESSE-DARMSTADT. [30 June, 1816. 

[Westphalia, Mayenoe, Ac] 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, and found 
them in good and due fom^, have determined on and signed the 
following Articles : 

(Articles I. to XXV., both inclusive, are literally conformable 
to the Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Hesse-Darmstadt of 
dOth June, 1816 (No. 68). 

Ratifications, 

Art. XXVI. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications exchanged at Frankfort within the, space of two 
months, or sooner if practicable. 

In testimony whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
hereunto affixed their Hands and Seals. 

Done at Frankfort on the Mayne, the 30th of June in the year 
of our Lord, 1816. 

(L.S.) CLANG ARTY. 

(L.S.) IIARNIER. 
(L.S.) MUNCH. 



473 



1 July, 1816.3 AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA. [No. 60 

[Department of the Saar.] 



No. QO.— CONVENTION between the Comimssiofiers of 
AtLStria and Prussia^ on the Subject of the Cession to 
Prussia of a part of the former Department of the 8aar»* 
Signed at Worms, 1st Julyy 181C. 



Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Reference to Vienna CongrcBS Treaty of 9th June, 1816 ; to the 
Protocol of Srd November, 1815, &e. Dutricts of tiie Saar ceded bj 
Austria to Prussia. 

1. Land Revenues to revert to Prussia. 

2. Distribution of Moneys in Austria. Centrol Treasury received from 

Districts of Ottweiler and BirJceiifeld. 

3. Right of Austria to State Property unsold on the 30th April. 

4. Bills of Exchange for Timber sold to be handed over to Prussian Court 

and accounted for to Austria. 
6. Arrears of Taxes, &c., to Ist May, to belong to Austria, 

6. Arrears of Revenues up to Ist May to be collected by Prussia, and 

accounted for to Austria. 

7. Payment of Salaries, Pensions, and Maintenance of Prisoners. 

8. Liquidation of Debts occasioned by tlie War. 

9. Unpaid Claims of Contractors to be settled by the Liquidation Com- 

mission. 

10. Ofiicials in employ of ceded Territories to be employed by Prussian 

Government. 

11. All Acts, Maps, Plans, and Documents to be doUvered over to Prussia. 

12. Commissioners of Claims to have free access to all Acts, Registers, &c., 

of ceded Territories. 

13. Regulations relative to Cession to Prussia to remain in force. 

(Translation.) 

Preamble. Reference to Vienna Congress Treaty of Wi June^ 1815 ; 
to the Protocol of Srd November^ 1815, ^c. Districts of the 
Saar ceded by Austria to Prussia. 

Whereas, according to Article VI. of the Territorial Indemni- 
fication Treaty, concluded at Paris on the Srd November, 1 815 
(No. 38), between the Allied Powers, the land districts in 
the fonner Department of the Saar, which, by Article LI. of 
the Act of Congress (No. 27), were assigned to Ilis Imperial 
Majesty, were thereby ceded to the Crown of Pinissia ; and 
whereas, on account of such Seisin, as well as with regard to 
the Territorial Indemnification yet to be effected, a Preliminary 

* Sec Treaty of 20th July, 1819. 
474 



Ho, 60] AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA. [1 July, 1816. 

[Department of tlie Saar.] 

Convention, embodying several g-eneral principles, has already 
been concluded at Frankfoi*t on the 28th of June, by duly 
empowered Commissioners and Ministei-s — viz., for the Austnan 
Government, the actuig Privy Counsellor Baron von Wessenburg", 
and for the Prussian Government, the Minister of State, Baron 
von Humboldt ; thei'efore, in order that the said Cession and 
Seisin, and esi^ecially as regards the districts situated in the 
former Department of the Saar, may now be strictly fulfilled, and 
the necessary arrangements for duly effecting the same be made, 
the herein-named Commissioners, that is to say ; 

On the part of the Pni8sian Court, the President of the Royal 
Government at Coblentz, 1st Division, Knight of the Red Elaglo, 
8rd Class, Baron von Schmitz-GroUenburg, as Seisin -Commissioner ; 

And on the part of the Austrian Court, the Actual Counsellor 
and Commander of the Royal Bavarian Civil Order of Merit, 
Wilhelm von Drossdick, as Cession Commissioner ; 

Have this day, the Ist July, 1816, met together, and, after 
exchanging their Pull Powers, duly authenticated copies of which 
were recorded, the Austrian Cession Commissioner declared that 
by virtue of his Full Powers he ceded and made over, without 
any reserve whatsoever, to the Pnissian Seisin Commissioner, 
His Imperial Majesty's land Districts situate in the former Depart- 
ment of the Saar,* which districts were designated in Article VI. 
of the Treaty concluded at Paris on the 8rd November, 1815 
(No. 38), between the Allied Powers, relative to the said Terri- 
torial Indemnification : such districts, moreover, consisting of the 
Cantons of Saarburg, Merzig, Wadeni, Tholey, Ottweiler, that 
part of the Canton of Lohbach which was ceded by France in the 
year 1814, the remains of the Canton of Lonz (including the 
lK)rtion8 heretofore belonging to the Department of Walder, and 
situated on the right bank of the Moselle), Hermeskeil and Birken- 
feld, as well as the Cantons of Baumholder and Grumbach^ the 
latter, with the exception of the townships of Eschenau and 
St. Julien ; also the Canton of St. Wendel, with the exception of 
the townships of Saal, Niederkirchen, Bubach, Marth, Hof, and 
Ostenbrticken ; and lastly the following townshijm, formerly 
belon^g to the Canton of Cusel — viz., Schwarzerden, Reich- 
weiler, Pfeffelbach, Ruthweiler, Burge, and Thal-Lichtenberg, 
together with all the Rights and Privileges of the same descrip- 
tion, and to the same extent as were hitherto held by the same 
by His Imperial Austrian Majesty. Ho does, therefore, now, in 

• See also Trcatj of 20tli July, 1819, Art. 3^1. 

475 



1 July, 1816.] AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA. [Ho. 60 

[Department of the Saar.] 

the name of Ili.s Imperial Majesty, release and discharge all the 
StAte Servants and Subjects belonging to the Ceded Districts, 
from the duty and Alle^ance they owed, to their former 
Sovereign. 

Hereupon the Prussian Seisin Commissioner declares that, by 
virtue of his Full Powers, and in the name of Ilis Majesty the 
King of Prussia, he accepts and receives tlie Districts so ceded, in 
the manner tliey have been transferred to him, and moreover, 
that he recognizes the same as well as the Inhabitants thereof, 
as having passed over to Ilis Majesty the King of Prussia in full 
Sovereignty. 

Both the Commissioners hereuix)n immediately issued a Pro- 
clamation on the subject, dispatching the same for publication to 
eveiy district, and in this manner Article VI. of the Treaty of 
Paris, of the 3rd of November, 1815 (No. 38), has been fully 
carried into execution. 

It being, however, desirable that this generally, and, as far as 
regai-ds first principles, completely effected Cession, should be 
made to harmonize with such dispositions as it may hereafter be 
considered expedient to introduce therein ; and as, moreover, the 
Preliminary Treaty which was concluded on the 21st of June 
with respect to the districts to be ceded in the former Depart- 
ment of the Saar, the two Commissioners have, in consequence, 
consulted further together upon the following points, and have 
established resolutions in the form of Articles, viz. : . 

Art. I. Land Revenues to revert to Prussia, 

Art. II. Distribution of Moneys in Austria, Central Treasury 
received from Districts of Ottweiler and Birkenfeld, 

Art. III. Right of Austria to State Property vmold on the 
SOth April. 

Art. IV. Bills of Exchange for Timber sold to be handed over 
to Prussian Court, and accounted for to Austna, 

Art. V. Arrears of Taxes, ^-c, to \st May, to belong to Austria, 

Art. VI. Arrears of Revenues up to 1st May to be collected by 
Prussia, and accounted for to Austria, 

Art. VII. Payment of Salaries, Pensions, and Maintenance of 
Prisoners. 

Art. VIII. Liquidation of Debts occasioned by the War, 

Art. IX. Unpaid Claims of Contractors to be settled ^/ the 
Liquidation Comm ission . 

Art. X. Officials in employ of Ceded Territories to be employed 
III PrusFian Qovernment. 

47G 



No. 60] • AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA. [1 July, 1816. 

[Depaxtment of the Saar.l 

Art. XI. 4-11 Acts^ 3f(ipSy Plaiis^ and Docuintnta to he delivered 
over to Prussia, 

Abt. XII. Commissioners of Claims to have free access to all 
Acts^ Registers^ 4rc,y of ceded Territories, 

Abt. XIII. Regulations relative to Cession to Prussia to remain 
in force. 

Done at Worms, the Ist July, 181G. 

(L.S.) VON DROSSDICK. 

(L.S.) SCHMITZ GROLLENBURG. 



A ^* 



18 Sept., 1816.] PRUSSIA AND M£CKL£KBUBGSTB£LIIZ. [Mo. 81 

[Department of the Saar.} 



No. Ql.— TERRITORIAL TREATY between Prussia and 
Mecklenburg-SireHiz. Signed at Frankfort y 1 Sth September , 
1816. 



Art. Table. 

Preamble.